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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULTS FOR THE ANISOTROPIC BOUSSINESQ SYSTEM IN DIMENSION TWO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULTS FOR THE ANISOTROPIC BOUSSINESQ SYSTEM IN DIMENSION TWO RAPHA¨EL DANCHIN1 AND MARIUS PAICU2 Abstract. We study the global existence issue for the two-dimensional Boussinesq system. Introduction The Boussinesq system describes the influence of the convection (or convection

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

2

Non-existence of Global Energy-Minimisers in Stokes Wave Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-existence of Global Energy-Minimisers in Stokes Wave Problems J. F. Toland Abstract Recently it was shown that a wave profile which minimises total energy, elastic plus hydrodynamic, subject theories of existence. The purpose here is to show that, without surface energy, global minimisers do

3

Global Warming Potential and Global Warming Commitment Concepts in the Assessment of Climate Radiative Forcing Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Global Warming Potential (GWP) and Radiative Forcing (RF ... CS) and Individual (IS) schemes. The Global Warming Commitment (GWC) is calculated by the...

Igor L. Karol; Victor A. Frolkis

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Global existence and decay of solutions for the generalized bad Boussinesq equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider the global existence of solutions for the Cauchy problem of the generalized sixth order bad Boussinesq equation. Moreover, we show that the...t)?(1/7) when t approaches to infinity, pro...

Hatice Taskesen; Necat Polat

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Global existence and uniqueness for a non linear Boussinesq system in dimension two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the global well-posedness of a two-dimensional Boussinesq system which couples the incompressible Euler equation for the velocity and a transport equation with fractional diffusion of type $|\\DD|^{\\alpha}$ for the temperature. We prove that for $\\alpha>1,$ there exists a unique global solution for initial data with critical regularities.

Sulaiman, Samira

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Global Existence and Stability of translating bubbles in a Hele-Shaw cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

surface tension, inwards normal, interface speed, viscosity ratio and steady bubble speed #12;BoundaryGlobal Existence and Stability of translating bubbles in a Hele-Shaw cell Saleh Tanveer (Ohio State for arbitrary initial conditions in displacement of more viscous fluid. Stability of steady states and global

Tanveer, Saleh

7

GLOBAL EXISTENCE FOR A TRANSLATING NEAR-CIRCULAR HELE-SHAW BUBBLE WITH SURFACE TENSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLOBAL EXISTENCE FOR A TRANSLATING NEAR-CIRCULAR HELE-SHAW BUBBLE WITH SURFACE TENSION J. YE1 AND S for any nonzero surface tension despite the fact that a local planar approximation near the front problem, Dissipative equations, Hele-Shaw prob- lem, Translating bubbles, Surface tension Mathematics

Tanveer, Saleh

8

Global Existence and Stability of translating bubbles in a Hele-Shaw cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Existence and Stability of translating bubbles in a Hele-Shaw cell Saleh Tanveer (Ohio State University) Collaborator: J. Ye #12;Background The zero-surface tension ( = 0) evolution when a less viscous + u0)x + 1 - µ2 µ1 2 = and 1 n = 2 n = vn (2) , n, vn, µ2 µ1 , 2 + u0 denote surface tension, inwards

Tanveer, Saleh

9

A BAYESIAN MODEL COMMITTEE APPROACH TO FORECASTING GLOBAL SOLAR RADIATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the realm of solar radiation forecasting. In this work, two forecasting models: Autoregressive Moving1 A BAYESIAN MODEL COMMITTEE APPROACH TO FORECASTING GLOBAL SOLAR RADIATION. The very first results show an improvement brought by this approach. 1. INTRODUCTION Solar radiation

Boyer, Edmond

10

Global existence for a translating near-circular Hele-Shaw bubble with surface tension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is concerned with proving global existence and stability of a translating bubble in a Hele-Shaw cell that is small relative to cell width. When the ratio of cell width to bubble dimension is sufficient large, the equations admit the steady translating near-circular bubble shape. We are concerned with global existence with the initial condition close to this steady shape. When the cell side walls effects are negligible, we show that the translating circular bubble is asymptotically stable for nonzero surface tension. With side walls effects, we obtain similar results for bubble shapes symmetric about the channel centerline. As with our prior work, we exploit a boundary integral approach that allows for a finite nonzero viscosity ratio between fluid inside and outside the bubble.

Ye, J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Infrared absorption spectra, radiative efficiencies, and global warming potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Nutt,3 Keith P. Shine,4 Kevin Smith,5 and Timothy J. Wallington2 Received 17 July 2010; revised 21. Wallington (2010), Infrared absorption spectra, radiative efficiencies, and global warming potentials

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

12

Global warming potentials and radiative efficiencies of halocarbons and related  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,2 J. S. Fuglestvedt,1 G. Marston,3 G. Myhre,1 C. J. Nielsen,4 K. P. Shine,2 and T. J. Wallington5. Nielsen, K. P. Shine, and T. J. Wallington (2013), Global warming potentials and radiative ef ciencies

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

13

Global emission estimates and radiative impact of C4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global emission estimates and radiative impact of C4 F10 , C5 F12 , C6 F14 , C7 F16 and C8 F18 Chemistry and Physics Global emission estimates and radiative impact of C4F10, C5F12, C6F14, C7F16 and C8F18 (C7F16) and oc- tadecafluorooctane (C8F18). Emissions are estimated using a 3-dimensional chemical

14

On the Global Existence for the Axisymmetric Euler-Boussinesq System in Critical Besov Spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is devoted to the global existence and uniqueness results for the three-dimensional Boussinesq system with axisymmetric initial data $v^{0}{\\in}B_{2,1}^{5/2}(\\RR^3)$ and$ ${\\rho}^{0}{\\in}B_{2,1}^{1/2}(\\RR^3)\\cap L^{p}(\\RR^3)$ with $p>6.$ This system couples the incompressible Euler equations with a transport-diffusion equation governing the density. In this case the Beale-Kato-Majda criterion is not known to be valid and to circumvent this difficulty we use in a crucial way some geometric properties of the vorticity.

Sulaiman, Samira

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Global view on radiation protection in medicine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......aspects in medicine. The Nuclear Energy Agency of the OCDE (Organization...users. Multiple inspections or audits of the radiation safety aspects...more positive perception of any audit. This cooperation between both...ec.europa.eu/research/energy/pdf/euratom_fp7_fission......

E. Vano

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over Bangladesh Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A need for predicting hourly global radiation exists for many locations particularly in Bangladesh for which measured values are not available and daily values have to be estimated from sunshine data. The CPRG model has been used to predict values of hourly Gh for Dhaka (23.770N, 90.380E), Chittagong (22.270N, 91.820E) and Bogra (24.850N, 89.370E) for = ±7.50, ±22.50, ±37.50, ±52.50, ±67.50, ±82.50 and ±97.50 i.e., for ±1/2, ±3/2, ±5/2, ±7/2, ±9/2, ±11/2, ±13/2 hours before and after solar noon and the computed values for different months are symmetrical about solar noon whereas for many months experimental data show a clear asymmetry. To obtain improved

17

On Existence of $L^1$-solutions for Coupled Boltzmann Transport Equation and Radiation Therapy Treatment Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper considers a linear system of Boltzmann transport equations modelling the evolution of three species of particles, photons, electrons and positrons. The system is coupled because of the collision term (an integral operator). The model is intended especially for dose calculation (forward problem) in radiation therapy. We show under physically relevant assumptions that the system has a unique solution in appropriate ($L^1$-based) spaces and that the solution is non-negative when the data (internal source and inflow boundary source) is non-negative. In order to be self-contained as much as is practically possible, many (basic) results and proofs have been reproduced in the paper. Existence, uniqueness and non-negativity of solutions for the related time-dependent coupled system are also proven. Moreover, we deal with inverse radiation treatment planning problem (inverse problem) as an optimal control problem both for external and internal therapy (in general $L^p$-spaces). Especially, in the case $p=2$ ...

Tervo, Jouko

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Computer Assisted 'Proof' of the Global Existence of Periodic Orbits in the Rssler System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The numerical optimized shooting method for finding periodic orbits in nonlinear dynamical systems was employed to determine the existence of periodic orbits in the well-known R\\"ossler system. By optimizing the period $T$ and the three system parameters, $a$, $b$ and $c$, simultaneously, it was found that, for any initial condition $(x_0,y_0,z_0) \\in \\Re^3$, there exists at least one set of optimized parameters corresponding to a periodic orbit passing through $ (x_0,y_0,z_0)$. After a discussion of this result it was concluded that its analytical proof may present an interesting new mathematical challenge.

A. E. Botha; W. Dednam

2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

19

Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and hybrid ARMA/ANN model to predict global radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and hybrid ARMA/ANN model to predict global radiation Cyril a hybrid ARMA/ANN model and data issued from a numerical weather prediction model (ALADIN). We particularly@gmail.com #12;Abstract. We propose in this paper an original technique to predict global radiation using

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

20

The global pairwise approach to radiation hybrid mapping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Stanford University; cox@Shgc.Stanford.Edu 1 #12; 1 Introduction We propose a global pairwise method

Hastie, Trevor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Global existence and $L^{p}$ convergence rates of planar waves for three-dimensional bipolar Euler-Poisson systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the paper, we consider a multi-dimensional bipolar hydrodynamic model from semiconductor devices and plasmas. This system takes the form of Euler-Poisson with electric field and frictional damping added to the momentum equations. We show the global existence and $L^{p}$ convergence rates of planar diffusion waves for multi-dimensional bipolar Euler-Poisson systems when the initial data are near the planar diffusive waves. A frequency decomposition and approximate Green function based on delicate energy method are used to get the optimal decay rates of the planar diffusion waves. To our knowledge, the $L^p(p\\in[2,+\\infty])$-convergence rate of planar waves improves the previous results about the $L^2$-convergence rates.

Jie Liao; Yeping Li

2015-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

22

Correlation analysis of mean global radiation values with mean brightness values for one year  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CORRELATION ANALYSIS OF MEAN GLOBAL RADIATION VALUES WITH MEAN BRIGHTNESS VALUES FOR ONE YEAR A Thesis EDWARD FRANKLIN KOLCZYNSKI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASSAM University in partial fulfillment oi' the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1971 Major Subject: Meteorology CORRELATION ANALYSIS OF MEAN GLOBAL RADIATION VALUES WITH MEAN BRIGHTNESS VALUES FOR ONE YEAR A Thesis EDWARD FRANKLIN KOLCZYNSKI Approved as to style and content by: airman...

Kolczynski, Edward Franklin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

23

Global methylation responses to low dose radiation exposure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methylation responses to low dose radiation exposure methylation responses to low dose radiation exposure Pamela J Sykes, Michelle R Newman, Benjamin J Blyth and Rebecca J Ormsby Haematology and Genetic Pathology, Flinders University and Medical Centre, Flinders Centre for Cancer Prevention and Control, Bedford Park, Adelaide, South Australia 5042 Australia. (pam.sykes@flinders.edu.au). Our goal is to study the mechanisms involved in biological responses to low doses of radiation in vivo in the dose range that is relevant to population and occupational exposures. At high radiation doses, DNA double-strand breaks are considered the critical lesion underlying the initiation of radiation-induced carcinogenesis. However, at the very low radiation doses relevant for the general public, the induction of DNA double-strand breaks

24

Change in regime and transfer function models of global solar radiation in Kuwait  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of the models for global solar radiation in Kuwait is based on removing the annual periodicity and seasonal variation. The first methodology used here is the change in regime technique that relies on dividing the observations into two ... Keywords: ARMA model, Harmonic analysis, Solar radiation, Transfer function

S. A. Al-Awadhi

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Radiation Detector R&D | Global and Regional Solutions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiation Detector and Nonproliferation R&D Group Radiation Detector and Nonproliferation R&D Group A major element in nonproliferation, arms control verification, nuclear materials safeguards and homeland security is the ability to detect, identify and measure nuclear, radioactive and chemical materials. BNL has a significant and world-class capability in radiation detection including the design and fabrication of advanced detector systems for scientific R&D and nonproliferation applications that has evolved over more than six decades. To support nonproliferation, arms control, safeguards and homeland security, BNL has focused on advanced radiation detector systems that offer room temperature operation with high energy resolution for gamma-ray detectors, imaging and direction indicating capabilities for both gamma-ray

26

Existence and Global Convergence of Periodic Solutions in Recurrent Neural Network Models with a General Piecewise Alternately Advanced and Retarded Argument  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with existence, uniqueness and global exponential stability of a periodic solution for recurrent neural network described by a system of differential equations with piecewise constant argument of generalized type (in short DEPCAG). ... Keywords: 34A36, 34K13, 34K20, 92B20, Asymptotic stability, Global exponential stability, Periodic solutions, Piecewise constant argument of generalized type, Recurrent neural networks

Kuo-Shou Chiu, Manuel Pinto, Jyh-Cheng Jeng

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Dropouts of the outer electron radiation belt in response to solar wind stream interfaces: global positioning system observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...radiation belt in response to solar wind stream interfaces: global...Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada We present a statistical study...examined statistically for 67 solar wind stream interfaces (SIs...global positioning system|solar wind| 1. Introduction (a...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Evaluation of Various Methods for Estimating Global Solar Radiation in the Southeastern United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Global solar radiation Rg is an important input for crop models to simulate crop responses. Because the scarcity of long and continuous records of Rg is a serious limitation in many countries, Rg is estimated using models. For crop-model application, empirical Rg models that use commonly measured meteorological variables, such as temperature and precipitation, are generally preferred. Although a large number of models of this kind exist, few have been evaluated for conditions in the United States. This study evaluated the performances of 16 empirical, temperature- and/or precipitation-based Rg models for the southeastern United States. By taking into account spatial distribution and data availability, 30 locations in the region were selected and their daily weather data spanning eight years obtained. One-half of the data was used for calibrating the models, and the other half was used for evaluation. For each model, location-specific parameter values were estimated through regressions. Models were evaluated for each location using the root-mean-square error and the modeling efficiency as goodness-of-fit measures. Among the models that use temperature or precipitation as the input variable, the Mavromatis model showed the best performance. The piecewise linear regression?¢????based Wu et al. model (WP) performed best not only among the models that use both temperature and precipitation but also among the 16 models evaluated, mainly because it has separate relationships for low and high radiation levels. The modeling efficiency of WP was from ~5% to more than 100% greater than those of the other models, depending on models and locations.

Woli, Prem; Paz, Joel O.

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

29

Does the problem of global warming exist at all? Insight from the temperature drift induced by inevitable colored noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present paper we state a problem of the colored noise nonremovability on the climatic 30-year time scale, which essentially changes the angle of view on the known problem of global warming.

Rusov, V D; Eingorn, M V; Zelentsova, T N; Linnik, E P; Beglaryan, M E; Vachev, B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Estimation of hourly global and diffuse solar radiation from hourly sunshine duration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A statistical procedure has been employed to develop correlations of monthly-mean-hourly global and diffuse solar radiation on a horizontal surface to hourly sunshine duration. Several years of measured data on solar radiation and sunshine duration, reported in the literature for two stations in the southern African region, is employed for this purpose. The applicability of the developed correlations is tested by estimating solar radiation for a new location. The excellent agreement between the measured and estimated data for that station the wide applicability of the method.

Gopinathan, K.K (National Univ. of Lesotho, Roma (South Africa))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Could the Earth's surface Ultraviolet irradiance be blamed for the global warming? A new effect may exist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Whether natural factors could interpret the rise of the Earth's surface temperature is still controversial. Though numerous recent researches have reported apparent correlations between solar activity and the Earth's climate, solar activity has encountered a big problem when describing the rapid global warming after 1970s. Our investigation shows the good positive correlations between the Earth's surface Ultraviolet irradiance (280-400 nm) and the Earth's surface temperature both in temporal and spatial variations by analyzing the global surface Ultraviolet irradiance (280-400 nm) and global surface temperature data from 1980-1999. The rise of CO$_2$ cannot interpret the good positive correlations, and we could even get an opposite result to the good correlations when employing the rise of CO$_2$ to describe the relation between them. Based on the good positive correlations, we suggest a new effect, named "Highly Excited Water Vapor" (HEWV) effect, which can interpret how the Sun influences the Earth's surfac...

Chen, Jilong; Zhao, Juan; Zheng, Yujun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

OBSERVER: An Approach for Query Processing in Global Information Systems Based on Interoperation Across Pre-Existing Ontologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There has been an explosion in the types, availability and volume of data accessible in an information system, thanks to the World Wide Web (the Web) and related inter-networking technologies. In this environment, there is a critical need to replace ... Keywords: distributed heterogeneous data access, domain ontologies, query processing in global information systems

Eduardo Mena; Arantza Illarramendi; Vipul Kashyap; Amit P. Sheth

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

GLOBAL EXISTENCE FOR THE "ONE AND ONE-HALF" DIMENSIONAL RELATIVISTIC VLASOV-MAXWELL-FOKKER-PLANCK SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the solar wind, the Van Allen radiations belts, and galactic nebulae. From a mathematical perspective under the awards DMS-0908413 and DMS-1211667. Department of Mathematical Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, (nmichalo@nmsu.edu). Department of Applied Mathematics

Michalowski, Nicholas P.

34

Posters Radiation Impacts on Global Climate Models F. Baer, N. Arsky, and K. Rocque  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 Posters Radiation Impacts on Global Climate Models F. Baer, N. Arsky, and K. Rocque University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Climate Prediction and Radiative Heating Climate models are driven by forcing, and these forces are seen primarily by the thermal field in general circulation models (GCMs). The major forces that affect the thermal field are longwave radiative (LWR) heating, shortwave radiative (SWR) heating, and convection (cumulus, etc.). These forcing effects are cycled through the thermal field to the motion field by nonlinear transfer. The dependent variables-in particular, temperature (T), moisture (Q) and especially clouds-evolve in time in a model and determine the subsequent forcing. If the dependent variables are not accurately calculated in space and time, the forcing

35

Global Existence of Solutions to the 2D subcritical dissipative Quasi-Geostrophic equation and persistency of the initial regularity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we prove that if the initial data $\\theta_0$ and its Riesz transforms ($\\mathcal{R}_1(\\theta_0)$ and $\\mathcal{R}_2(\\theta_0)$) belong to the space $(\\overline{S(\\mathbb{R}^2))}^{B_{\\infty}^{1-2\\alpha ,\\infty}}$, where $\\alpha \\in ]1/2,1[$, then the 2D Quasi-Geostrophic equation with dissipation $\\alpha$ has a unique global in time solution $\\theta$. Moreover, we show that if in addition $\\theta_0 \\in X$ for some functional space $X$ such as Lebesgue, Sobolev and Besov's spaces then the solution $\\theta$ belongs to the space $C([0,+\\infty [,X).$

Ramzi May; Ezzeddine Zahrouni

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

36

A statistical investigation of the temporal characteristics of global radiation at two selected stations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the upper campus, a short distance from the south shore of Lake Mendota. Most of the manufacturing plants of Madison are at a considerable distance to the east of the university, and in summer, with northwest winds, the atmosphere is quite free from.... in Ed. , Fairmont State College Directed by: Professor John F. Griffiths A statistical analysis was performed of the temporal frequency distributions of global radiation. The stations chosen'for the investigation were Madison, Wisconsin, for the 40...

Carvell, Frank Joseph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

37

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE 40km) from INPE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Global horizontal solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took art in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory.

38

Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and hybrid ARMA/ANN model to predict global radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose in this paper an original technique to predict global radiation using a hybrid ARMA/ANN model and data issued from a numerical weather prediction model (ALADIN). We particularly look at the Multi-Layer Perceptron. After optimizing our architecture with ALADIN and endogenous data previously made stationary and using an innovative pre-input layer selection method, we combined it to an ARMA model from a rule based on the analysis of hourly data series. This model has been used to forecast the hourly global radiation for five places in Mediterranean area. Our technique outperforms classical models for all the places. The nRMSE for our hybrid model ANN/ARMA is 14.9% compared to 26.2% for the na\\"ive persistence predictor. Note that in the stand alone ANN case the nRMSE is 18.4%. Finally, in order to discuss the reliability of the forecaster outputs, a complementary study concerning the confidence interval of each prediction is proposed

Voyant, Cyril; Paoli, Christophe; Nivet, Marie Laure

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from INPE 10km) from INPE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Global horizontal solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

40

Exploiting simultaneous observational constraints on mass and absorption to estimate the global direct radiative forcing of black carbon and brown carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atmospheric black carbon (BC) is a leading climate warming agent, yet uncertainties on the global direct radiative forcing (DRF) remain large. Here we expand a global model simulation (GEOS-Chem) of BC to include the ...

Schwarz, J. P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Influence of Ice Particle Surface Roughening on the Global Cloud Radiative Effect BINGQI YI,* PING YANG,* BRYAN A. BAUM,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of Ice Particle Surface Roughening on the Global Cloud Radiative Effect BINGQI YI,* PING are developed for se- verely roughened ice particles. The parameterizations are based on a general habit mixture and severely roughened ice particles. While the influence of particle roughening on the single

Baum, Bryan A.

42

Final Technical Report for "Radiative Heating Associated with Tropical Convective Cloud Systems: Its Importance at Meso and Global Scales"  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heating associated with tropical cloud systems drive the global circulation. The overall research objectives of this project were to i) further quantify and understand the importance of heating in tropical convective cloud systems with innovative observational techniques, and ii) use global models to determine the large-scale circulation response to variability in tropical heating profiles, including anvil and cirrus cloud radiative forcing. The innovative observational techniques used a diversity of radar systems to create a climatology of vertical velocities associated with the full tropical convective cloud spectrum along with a dissection of the of the total heating profile of tropical cloud systems into separate components (i.e., the latent, radiative, and eddy sensible heating). These properties were used to validate storm-scale and global climate models (GCMs) and were further used to force two different types of GCMs (one with and one without interactive physics). While radiative heating was shown to account for about 20% of the total heating and did not have a strong direct response on the global circulation, the indirect response was important via its impact on convection, esp. in how radiative heating impacts the tilt of heating associated with the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), a phenomenon that accounts for most tropical intraseasonal variability. This work shows strong promise in determining the sensitivity of climate models and climate processes to heating variations associated with cloud systems.

Schumacher, Courtney

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

43

Shortwave and longwave radiative contributions to global warming under increasing CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global warm- ing, with the world ocean as the primary reservoir for energy accumulation (1). In turn posi- tive, OLR recovers within merely several decades, and any subse- quent global energy accumulation warming is likely caused by enhanced ASR. global warming | climate feedbacks | energy accumulation Global

Battisti, David

44

A Global Climatology of Outgoing Longwave Spectral Cloud Radiative Effect and Associated Effective Cloud Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Longwave (LW) spectral flux and cloud radiative effect (CRE) are important for understanding the earths radiation budget and cloudradiation interaction. Here, the authors extend their previous algorithms to collocated Atmospheric Infrared ...

Xianglei Huang; Xiuhong Chen; Gerald L. Potter; Lazaros Oreopoulos; Jason N. S. Cole; Dongmin Lee; Norman G. Loeb

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Relating geo-meteorological parameters to global solar radiation for Egypt by Iranna-Bapat's estimation models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Estimation of solar radiation is considered as the most important parameter for the design and development of various solar energy systems. But, the availability of the required data is very scarce and often not readily accessible. The foremost objective of the present study was to estimate the monthly average global solar radiation (GSR) at various locations for Egypt, by the generalised Iranna-Bapat's model. Iranna-Bapat's model is developed to estimate the value of global solar radiation at any location on earth surface. This model uses the most commonly measurable meteorological parameters such as ambient temperature, humidity, windspeed, moisture for a given location. A total of 11 locations spread across the country are used to validate this model. The computed values from Iranna-Bapat's model are compared with the measured values. Iranna-Bapat's model demonstrated acceptable results, and statistically displayed lower RMSE. Therefore this model could be a good estimator for predicting the global solar radiation at other locations for Egypt, where such data is not available.

Iranna Korachagaon; V.N. Bapat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

An Assessment of the Current US Radiation Oncology Workforce: Methodology and Global Results of the American Society for Radiation Oncology 2012 Workforce Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To determine the characteristics, needs, and concerns of the current radiation oncology workforce, evaluate best practices and opportunities for improving quality and safety, and assess what we can predict about the future workforce. Methods and Materials: An online survey was distributed to 35,204 respondents from all segments of the radiation oncology workforce, including radiation oncologists, residents, medical dosimetrists, radiation therapists, medical physicists, nurse practitioners, nurses, physician assistants, and practice managers/administrators. The survey was disseminated by the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) together with specialty societies representing other workforce segments. An overview of the methods and global results is presented in this paper. Results: A total of 6765 completed surveys were received, a response rate of 19%, and the final analysis included 5257 respondents. Three-quarters of the radiation oncologists, residents, and physicists who responded were male, in contrast to the other segments in which two-thirds or more were female. The majority of respondents (58%) indicated they were hospital-based, whereas 40% practiced in a free-standing/satellite clinic and 2% in another setting. Among the practices represented in the survey, 21.5% were academic, 25.2% were hospital, and 53.3% were private. A perceived oversupply of professionals relative to demand was reported by the physicist, dosimetrist, and radiation therapist segments. An undersupply was perceived by physician's assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses. The supply of radiation oncologists and residents was considered balanced. Conclusions: This survey was unique as it attempted to comprehensively assess the radiation oncology workforce by directly surveying each segment. The results suggest there is potential to improve the diversity of the workforce and optimize the supply of the workforce segments. The survey also provides a benchmark for future studies, as many changes in the healthcare field exert pressure on the workforce.

Vichare, Anushree; Washington, Raynard; Patton, Caroline; Arnone, Anna [ASTRO, Fairfax, Virginia (United States); Olsen, Christine [Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, (United States); Fung, Claire Y. [Commonwealth Newburyport Cancer Center, Newburyport, Massachusetts (United States); Hopkins, Shane [William R. Bliss Cancer Center, Ames, Iowa (United States); Pohar, Surjeet, E-mail: spohar@netzero.net [Indiana University Health Cancer Center East, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana (United States)

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Shortwave and longwave radiative contributions to global warming under increasing CO2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology...Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge...enhancement of net absorbed solar radiation (ASR). A simple...balances the net absorbed solar radiation (ASR). In this...

Aaron Donohoe; Kyle C. Armour; Angeline G. Pendergrass; David S. Battisti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

On the Contribution of Longwave Radiation to Global Climate Model Biases in Arctic Lower Tropospheric Stability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous research has found that global climate models (GCMs) usually simulate greater lower tropospheric stabilities compared to reanalysis data. To understand the origins of this bias, the authors examine hindcast simulations initialized with ...

Neil P. Barton; Stephen A. Klein; James S. Boyle

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Skill of Direct Solar Radiation Predicted by the ECMWF Global Atmospheric Model over Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prediction of direct solar radiation is key in sectors such as solar power and agriculture; for instance, it can enable more efficient production of energy from concentrating solar power plants. An assessment of the quality of the direct solar ...

Alberto Troccoli; Jean-Jacques Morcrette

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Global warming due to increasing absorbed solar radiation Kevin E. Trenberth1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reducing cloud cover and increasing radiative emissions from higher temperatures. Instead the main warming in energy- related quantities provide a new perspective on issues important for climate change. As water vapor is the dominant greenhouse gas, it results in a positive feedback and roughly doubles

Fasullo, John

51

Local effects of global warming.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Currently, global warming is a focus of attention. In order to scientifically evaluate evidence about global warming, and prove the existence of global warming, this (more)

Lu, Jun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Global Distribution and Climate Forcing of Marine Organic Aerosol - Part 2: Effects on Cloud Properties and Radiative Forcing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of simulations with the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 (CAM5) with a 7-mode Modal Aerosol Model were conducted to assess the changes in cloud microphysical properties and radiative forcing resulting from marine organic aerosols. Model simulations show that the anthropogenic aerosol indirect forcing (AIF) predicted by CAM5 is decreased in absolute magnitude by up to 0.09 Wm{sup -2} (7 %) when marine organic aerosols are included. Changes in the AIF from marine organic aerosols are associated with small global increases in low-level incloud droplet number concentration and liquid water path of 1.3 cm{sup -3} (1.5 %) and 0.22 gm{sup -2} (0.5 %), respectively. Areas especially sensitive to changes in cloud properties due to marine organic aerosol include the Southern Ocean, North Pacific Ocean, and North Atlantic Ocean, all of which are characterized by high marine organic emission rates. As climate models are particularly sensitive to the background aerosol concentration, this small but non-negligible change in the AIF due to marine organic aerosols provides a notable link for ocean-ecosystem marine low-level cloud interactions and may be a candidate for consideration in future earth system models.

Gantt, Brett; Xu, Jun; Meskhidze, N.; Zhang, Yang; Nenes, Athanasios; Ghan, Steven J.; Liu, Xiaohong; Easter, Richard C.; Zaveri, Rahul A.

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

53

The potential of different artificial neural network (ANN) techniques in daily global solar radiation modeling based on meteorological data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objective of present study is to predict daily global solar radiation (GSR) on a horizontal surface, based on meteorological variables, using different artificial neural network (ANN) techniques. Daily mean air temperature, relative humidity, sunshine hours, evaporation, and wind speed values between 2002 and 2006 for Dezful city in Iran (32 16'N, 48 25'E), are used in this study. In order to consider the effect of each meteorological variable on daily GSR prediction, six following combinations of input variables are considered: (I)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature and relative humidity as inputs and daily GSR as output. (II)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature and sunshine hours as inputs and daily GSR as output. (III)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature, relative humidity and sunshine hours as inputs and daily GSR as output. (IV)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature, relative humidity, sunshine hours and evaporation as inputs and daily GSR as output. (V)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature, relative humidity, sunshine hours and wind speed as inputs and daily GSR as output. (VI)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature, relative humidity, sunshine hours, evaporation and wind speed as inputs and daily GSR as output. Multi-layer perceptron (MLP) and radial basis function (RBF) neural networks are applied for daily GSR modeling based on six proposed combinations. The measured data between 2002 and 2005 are used to train the neural networks while the data for 214 days from 2006 are used as testing data. The comparison of obtained results from ANNs and different conventional GSR prediction (CGSRP) models shows very good improvements (i.e. the predicted values of best ANN model (MLP-V) has a mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) about 5.21% versus 10.02% for best CGSRP model (CGSRP 5)). (author)

Behrang, M.A.; Assareh, E. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Dezful Branch (Iran); Ghanbarzadeh, A.; Noghrehabadi, A.R. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz (Iran)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

Evaluation of cloud fraction and its radiative effect simulated by IPCC AR4 global models against ARM surface observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cloud Fraction (CF) is the dominant modulator of radiative fluxes. In this study, we evaluate CF simulations in the IPCC AR4 GCMs against ARM ground measurements, with a focus on the vertical structure, total amount of cloud and its effect on cloud shortwave transmissivity, for both inter-model deviation and model-measurement discrepancy. Our intercomparisons of three CF or sky-cover related dataset reveal that the relative differences are usually less than 10% (5%) for multi-year monthly (annual) mean values, while daily differences are quite significant. The results also show that the model-observation and the inter-model deviations have a similar magnitude for the total CF (TCF) and the normalized cloud effect, and they are twice as large as the surface downward solar radiation and cloud transmissivity. This implies that the other cloud properties, such as cloud optical depth and height, have a similar magnitude of disparity to TCF among the GCMs, and suggests that a better agreement among the GCMs in solar radiative fluxes could be the result of compensating errors in either cloud vertical structure, cloud optical depth or cloud fraction. Similar deviation pattern between inter-model and model-measurement suggests that the climate models tend to generate larger bias against observations for those variables with larger inter-model deviation. The simulated TCF from IPCC AR4 GCMs are very scattered through all seasons over three ARM sites: Southern Great Plains (SGP), Manus, Papua New Guinea and North Slope of Alaska (NSA). The GCMs perform better at SGP than at Manus and NSA in simulating the seasonal variation and probability distribution of TCF; however, the TCF in these models is remarkably underpredicted and cloud transmissivity is less susceptible to the change of TCF than the observed at SGP. Much larger inter-model deviation and model bias are found over NSA than the other sites in estimating the TCF, cloud transmissivity and cloud-radiation interaction, suggesting that the Arctic region continues to challenge cloud simulations in climate models. Most of the GCMs tend to underpredict CF and fail to capture the seasonal variation of CF at middle and low levels in the tropics. The high altitude CF is much larger in the GCMs than the observation and the inter-model variability of CF also reaches maximum at high levels in the tropics. Most of the GCMs tend to underpredict CF by 50-150% relative to the measurement average at low and middle levels over SGP. While the GCMs generally capture the maximum CF in the boundary layer and vertical variability, the inter-model deviation is largest near surface over the Arctic. The internal variability of CF simulated in ensemble runs with the same model is very minimal.

Qian, Yun; Long, Charles N.; Wang, Hailong; Comstock, Jennifer M.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Xie, Shaocheng

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

55

Earth's Global Energy Budget  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An update is provided on the Earth's global annual mean energy budget in the light of new observations and analyses. In 1997, Kiehl and Trenberth provided a review of past estimates and performed a number of radiative computations to better ...

Kevin E. Trenberth; John T. Fasullo; Jeffrey Kiehl

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Existence of Optical Vortices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical vortices arise as phase singularities of the light fields and are of central interest in modern optical physics. In this paper, some existence theorems are established for stationary vortex wave solutions of a general class of nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equations. There are two types of results. The first type concerns the existence of positive-radial-profile solutions which are obtained through a constrained minimization approach. The second type addresses the existence of saddle-point solutions through a mountain-pass-theorem or min-max method so that the wave propagation constant may be arbitrarily prescribed in an open interval. Furthermore some explicit estimates for the lower bound and sign of the wave propagation constant with respect to the light beam power and vortex winding number are also derived for the first type solutions.

Yisong Yang; Ruifeng Zhang

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

57

Medical radiation protection in next decade  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......towards increasing radiation safety levels. Whether...users whenever the radiation dose to the patient...human errors and software-related problems...global view of radiation protection in medicine...increasing radiation safety levels. Whether......

Madan M. Rehani; Eliseo Vano

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Application of Improved Radiation Modeling to General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research has accomplished its primary objectives of developing accurate and efficient radiation codes, validating them with measurements and higher resolution models, and providing these advancements to the global modeling community to enhance the treatment of cloud and radiative processes in weather and climate prediction models. A critical component of this research has been the development of the longwave and shortwave broadband radiative transfer code for general circulation model (GCM) applications, RRTMG, which is based on the single-column reference code, RRTM, also developed at AER. RRTMG is a rigorously tested radiation model that retains a considerable level of accuracy relative to higher resolution models and measurements despite the performance enhancements that have made it possible to apply this radiation code successfully to global dynamical models. This model includes the radiative effects of all significant atmospheric gases, and it treats the absorption and scattering from liquid and ice clouds and aerosols. RRTMG also includes a statistical technique for representing small-scale cloud variability, such as cloud fraction and the vertical overlap of clouds, which has been shown to improve cloud radiative forcing in global models. This development approach has provided a direct link from observations to the enhanced radiative transfer provided by RRTMG for application to GCMs. Recent comparison of existing climate model radiation codes with high resolution models has documented the improved radiative forcing capability provided by RRTMG, especially at the surface, relative to other GCM radiation models. Due to its high accuracy, its connection to observations, and its computational efficiency, RRTMG has been implemented operationally in many national and international dynamical models to provide validated radiative transfer for improving weather forecasts and enhancing the prediction of global climate change.

Michael J Iacono

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

59

EXISTENCE AND UNIQUENESS FOR BOUSSINESQ TYPE EQUATIONS ON A CIRCLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXISTENCE AND UNIQUENESS FOR BOUSSINESQ TYPE EQUATIONS ON A CIRCLE Yung-fu Fang1 & Manoussos G. Grillakis2 Abstract. We establish local and global existence results for Boussinesq type equations. In the present work, we want to consider the question of existence and uniqueness of solutions for Boussinesq

Fang, Yung-Fu

60

Global Climate Change Links  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Climate Change Links Global Climate Change Links This page provides links to web pages that we at CDIAC feel do a responsible job of presenting information and discussion pertinent to the science behind the global climate change ("global warming") debate. These sites include those on both sides of the debate; some asserting that global warming is a clear and present danger, and others that might be labeled global warming "skeptics." Some of these sites don't take a position per se; they exist to offer the public objective scientific information and results on our present understanding of the climate system. The list is not intended to be comprehensive, by any means. We hope it will be especially helpful for those who may be just beginning their research into global

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The dynamic radiation environment assimilation model (DREAM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Dynamic Radiation Environment Assimilation Model (DREAM) is a 3-year effort sponsored by the US Department of Energy to provide global, retrospective, or real-time specification of the natural and potential nuclear radiation environments. The DREAM model uses Kalman filtering techniques that combine the strengths of new physical models of the radiation belts with electron observations from long-term satellite systems such as GPS and geosynchronous systems. DREAM includes a physics model for the production and long-term evolution of artificial radiation belts from high altitude nuclear explosions. DREAM has been validated against satellites in arbitrary orbits and consistently produces more accurate results than existing models. Tools for user-specific applications and graphical displays are in beta testing and a real-time version of DREAM has been in continuous operation since November 2009.

Reeves, Geoffrey D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Koller, Josef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tokar, Robert L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chen, Yue [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Henderson, Michael G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Friedel, Reiner H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Global existence of reaction-diffusion equations over multiple domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)=(uk(t, x))mk=1 is an unknown vector valued function and each u0k is zero outside ??(k), D = diag(dk)is an m ? m positive de?nite diagonal matrix, f : R ? Rn? Rm ? Rm, u0 is a componentwise nonnegative function, and each ?i...

Ryan, John Maurice-Car

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

63

Global Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applications Global Security science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Global Security National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on...

64

CHILLING CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.time.com #12;NEW ORLEANS www.time.com #12;ALASKA www.time.com #12;UPSALA GLACIER, ANDES, ARGENTINA 1928 2004;ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION Energy per area per time Power per area Unit: Watt per square meter W m-2 #12;GLOBAL ENERGY BALANCE Global and annual average energy fluxes in watts per square meter 343 237 237 254K 390

Schwartz, Stephen E.

65

Impact of global dimming and brightening on global warming Martin Wild,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of global dimming and brightening on global warming Martin Wild,1 Atsumu Ohmura,1 and Knut February 2007. [1] Speculations on the impact of variations in surface solar radiation on global warming was responsible for the observed warming. To disentangle surface solar and greenhouse influences on global warming

Fischlin, Andreas

66

Space sensors for global change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Satellite measurements should contribute to a fuller understanding of the physical processes behind the radiation budget, exchange processes, and global change. Climate engineering requires global observation for early indications of predicted effects, which puts a premium on affordable, distributed constellations of satellites with effective, affordable sensors. Defense has a requirement for continuous global surveillance for warning of aggression, which could evolve from advanced sensors and satellites in development. Many climate engineering needs match those of defense technologies.

Canavan, G.H.

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

Atmospheric radiation measurement: A program for improving radiative forcing and feedback in general circulation models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is a key element of the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) global change research strategy. ARM represents a long-term commitment to conduct comprehensive studies of the spectral atmospheric radiative energy balance profile for a wide range of cloud conditions and surface types, and to develop the knowledge necessary to improve parameterizations of radiative processes under various cloud regimes for use in general circulation models (GCMs) and related models. The importance of the ARM program is a apparent from the results of model assessments of the impact on global climate change. Recent studies suggest that radiatively active trace gas emissions caused by human activity can lead to a global warming of 1.5 to 4.5 degrees Celsius and to important changes in water availability during the next century (Cess, et al. 1989). These broad-scale changes can be even more significant at regional levels, where large shifts in temperature and precipitation patterns are shown to occur. However, these analyses also indicate that considerable uncertainty exists in these estimates, with the manner in which cloud radiative processes are parameterized among the most significant uncertainty. Thus, although the findings have significant policy implications in assessment of global and regional climate change, their uncertainties greatly influence the policy debate. ARM`s highly focused observational and analytical research is intended to accelerate improvements and reduce key uncertainties associated with the way in which GCMs treat cloud cover and cloud characteristics and the resulting radiative forcing. This paper summarizes the scientific context for ARM, ARM`s experimental approach, and recent activities within the ARM program.

Patrinos, A.A. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Renne, D.S.; Stokes, G.M. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Ellingson, R.G. [Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Atmospheric radiation measurement: A program for improving radiative forcing and feedback in general circulation models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is a key element of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) global change research strategy. ARM represents a long-term commitment to conduct comprehensive studies of the spectral atmospheric radiative energy balance profile for a wide range of cloud conditions and surface types, and to develop the knowledge necessary to improve parameterizations of radiative processes under various cloud regimes for use in general circulation models (GCMs) and related models. The importance of the ARM program is a apparent from the results of model assessments of the impact on global climate change. Recent studies suggest that radiatively active trace gas emissions caused by human activity can lead to a global warming of 1.5 to 4.5 degrees Celsius and to important changes in water availability during the next century (Cess, et al. 1989). These broad-scale changes can be even more significant at regional levels, where large shifts in temperature and precipitation patterns are shown to occur. However, these analyses also indicate that considerable uncertainty exists in these estimates, with the manner in which cloud radiative processes are parameterized among the most significant uncertainty. Thus, although the findings have significant policy implications in assessment of global and regional climate change, their uncertainties greatly influence the policy debate. ARM's highly focused observational and analytical research is intended to accelerate improvements and reduce key uncertainties associated with the way in which GCMs treat cloud cover and cloud characteristics and the resulting radiative forcing. This paper summarizes the scientific context for ARM, ARM's experimental approach, and recent activities within the ARM program.

Patrinos, A.A. (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)); Renne, D.S.; Stokes, G.M. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Ellingson, R.G. (Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Regional and Global Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Products > Regional/Global Products > Regional/Global Regional and Global Data Biogeochemical Dynamics Data Regional and global biogeochemical dynamics data can be used to improve our understanding of the structure and function of various ecosystems; to enable prediction across spatial and temporal scales; and to parameterize and validate terrestrial ecosystem models. The ORNL DAAC compiles, archives, and distributes more than 150 products from the following projects: Climate Collections Hydroclimatology Collections ISLSCP II Project Net Primary Productivity (NPP) River Discharge (RIVDIS) Russian Land Cover (RLC) Soil Collections Vegetation Collections Vegetation-Ecosystem Modeling (VEMAP) Climate Collections Climate collections include measured and modeled values for variables such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, radiation, wind velocity, and

70

3.0 EXISTING ENVIRONMENT  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 EXISTING ENVIRONMENT 0 EXISTING ENVIRONMENT This chapter describes various components of the existing environment that may be affected by the operation of the Mound glass melter. The proposed action pctentially impacts air quality. surface water quality. biological resources. and human health and safety. In order to evaluate impacts to these resources. information on existing conditions is required. Section 3.1 presents information on atmospheric resources (e.g., meteorology and existing air quality) . Section 3.2 presents data on water resources, and Section 3.3 provides a broad characterization of biological resources. 3.1 ATMOSPHERIC RESOURCES Emissions from the glass melter potentially affect local and regional air quality. To evaluate impacts to these receptors, data on meteorologic conditions (particularly wind

71

Radiation Emergency Medicine Fact Sheet  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improving Global Response Improving Global Response to Radiation Emergencies Improving Radiation Emergency Response Through Education and Specialized Expertise In the event of a radiological or nuclear incident, first responders as well as hospital and emergency management personnel must call on their knowledge and training to provide immediate and effective care for victims. Through practical, hands-on education programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) is improving global response to radiation emergencies. In addition, dedicated 24/7 deployable teams of physicians, nurses, and health physicists from the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS), which is managed by ORAU for DOE/NNSA, provide expert medical management of radiological incidents

72

Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

How Do We Retrofit Tough Buildings? Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes Building America Technical Update April 29 & 30, 2013 Patrick H. Huelman Cold Climate Housing Coordinator University of Minnesota Extension Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes * Context - Focused on basements and crawlspaces. - Aimed at cold climates (Climate Zones 6 & 7). - Generally aimed at liquid active walls. * Approach - Managing risks - Current solutions & best practices - Evaluating new approaches * Primary focus is to reduce energy use by 30 to 50% with emphasis on existing homes. * Promote building science solutions using a systems engineering and integrated design approach. * "Do no harm" => must ensure that safety, health, and durability are maintained or improved.

73

Global Climate Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Data The climate data at the ORNL DAAC are used primarily as driving variables in terrestrial biogeochemistry models. These models typically use data on temperature (min,max), precipitation, humidity (relative humidity, vapor pressure deficit, dew point), radiation (PFD in PAR, shortwave, direct/diffuse, and UV radiation, daylength), and wind velocity. Climate / meteorology data are required at hourly to monthly time scales, either point or gridded, at spatial scales ranging from regional to continental to global. The ORNL DAAC currently distributes climate data from several related projects: VEMAP-1 Hydroclimatology, and Global Historical Climatology Network. We are also now distributing climate data developed at the East Anglia Climate Research Unit and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Research.

74

Global climate feedbacks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The important physical, chemical, and biological events that affect global climate change occur on a mesoscale -- requiring high spatial resolution for their analysis. The Department of Energy has formulated two major initiatives under the US Global Change Program: ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurements), and CHAMMP (Computer Hardware Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics). ARM is designed to use ground and air-craft based observations to document profiles of atmospheric composition, clouds, and radiative fluxes. With research and models of important physical processes, ARM will delineate the relationships between trace gases, aerosol and cloud structure, and radiative transfer in the atmosphere, and will improve the parameterization of global circulation models. The present GCMs do not model important feedbacks, including those from clouds, oceans, and land processes. The purpose of this workshop is to identify such potential feedbacks, to evaluate the uncertainties in the feedback processes (and, if possible, to parameterize the feedback processes so that they can be treated in a GCM), and to recommend research programs that will reduce the uncertainties in important feedback processes. Individual reports are processed separately for the data bases.

Manowitz, B.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Climate monitoring with Earth radiation budget measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Earth Radiation Budget (ERB) and its geographical distribution is intimately linked with the earths climate and with the general circulation. We analyze 10 years of global Clouds and the Earths Radiant Energy System (CERES) measurements from 2000 to 2010 and 8 years of diurnally resolved Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) from 2004 to 2011 to illustrate this link and to verify if we can detect climate variability or systematic change. In response to the diurnal wave of solar heating three tropical convection maxima exist over South America Africa and around Indonesia. The Indonesian convection maximum is unstable due to a lack of a stabilizing land mass; this is the root cause of the El Ni?o/La Ni?a inter-annual variation with a global pattern of teleconnected variations through the general Walker circulation. Since 2000 a change in global dynamics seems to have occurred. There was a general strengthening of La Ni?a coinciding with a break in global temperature rise and with an eastern dimming i.e. an increase of aerosols over Asia. There is a resemblance to the period of western dimming from 1945 to 1980 and a contrast with the period of global temperature rise and El Ni?o strengthening from 1980 to 2000. It is of paramount importance that the suspected link between the eastern dimming the strengthening of La Ni?a and the break in global temperature rise is thoroughly investigated. This can best be done by a move of a satellite of the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) series over the Indian Ocean. MSG provides diurnally resolved measurements of the key variables of the ERB clouds and aerosols and of the auxiliary variables of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and static stability.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

NETL: Innovations for Existing Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Innovations for Existing Plants Innovations for Existing Plants Coal and Power Systems Innovations for Existing Plants (IEP) Previous Next Chemical Looping Summary Chemical Looping Summary (July 2013) This summary provides a technical description of this advanced technology, describes its advantages, examines the R&D areas of need, and summarizes DOE's R&D efforts. DOE/NETL Advanced CO2 Capture R&D Program: Technology Update DOE/NETL Advanced CO2 Capture R&D Program: Technology Update (June 2013) This comprehensive handbook provides an update on DOE/NETL R&D efforts on advanced CO2 capture technologies for coal-based power systems. CO2 Capture Technology Meeting Presentations NETL CO2 Capture Technology Meeting Presentations (July 2013) This meeting highlighted DOE/NETL RD&D efforts to develop advanced pre-, post-, and oxy-combustion CO2 capture technologies.

77

Global Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nonpartisan organization with a mission to strengthen global security by reducing the risk of use and preventing the spread of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons and to...

78

Comparing the effects of greenhouse gas emissions on global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policies dealing with global warming require a measure of the effects of the emissions of greenhouse gases that create different magnitudes of instantaneous radiative forcing and have different lifetimes. The Global Warming ...

Eckaus, Richard S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses Speaker(s): Chryséis Bovagnet Date: September 5, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Many older houses in the US are either not well designed from a thermal point of view or have HVAC (Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning) systems in need of repairs or improvements. The building envelopes tend to have poor insulation and lots of leakage, and the HVAC systems are inefficient. The cooling/heating equipment is often located outside of the conditioned space (e.g. in attics or crawlspaces) with ducts that leak and have poor insulation, which cause energy loss and bad occupant comfort on peak days or in extreme climates. We developed a series of retrofits that will allow us to reduce the energy consumption of residential HVAC

80

Existence of Metastable Kinetic Modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nonlinear evolution of resonantly driven systems, such as suprathermal particle driven modes in magnetically confined plasmas, is shown to strongly depend on the existence and nature of an underlying damping mechanism. When background resonant damping is present, subcritical states can take place. In particular, purely nonlinear steady-state regimes are found, whose destabilization threshold and saturation levels are calculated and validated using numerical simulations. This nonlinear behavior can be of relevance for acoustic modes in magnetically confined plasmas.

Nguyen, C.; Luetjens, H.; Garbet, X.; Grandgirard, V.; Lesur, M. [Centre de Physique Theorique, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France); CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); JAEA, Higashi-Ueno 6-9-3, Taitou, Tokyo, 110-0015 (Japan)

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Greenhouse Effect Does Exist!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In particular, without the greenhouse effect, essential features of the atmospheric temperature profile as a function of height cannot be described, i.e., the existence of the tropopause above which we see an almost isothermal temperature curve, whereas beneath it the temperature curve is nearly adiabatic. The relationship between the greenhouse effect and observed temperature curve is explained and the paper by Gerlich and Tscheuschner [arXiv:0707.1161] critically analyzed. Gerlich and Tscheuschner called for this discussion in their paper.

Ebel, Jochen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The greenhouse effect is the process in which the absorption of infrared radiation by an atmosphere warms aplanet. The effect occurs naturally to keep Earth's surface warm. However, the anthropogenic greenhouse...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Global Climate Change Earth, 1972, Apollo 17,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Projected Future Temperature · 2-11.5 deg F projected increase in global average · more intense, more frequent, and longer-lasting heat waves. #12;Projected Future Precipitation · Increase in global average infrared energy as a radiatively active constituent in Earth's atmosphere. Svante Arrhenius, a Swedish

Hansen, Andrew J.

84

Global hyperbolicity for spacetimes with continuous metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the definition of global hyperbolicity in terms of the compactness of the causal diamonds and non-total imprisonment can be extended to spacetimes with continuous metrics, while retaining all of the equivalences to other notions of global hyperbolicity. In fact, global hyperbolicity is equivalent to the compactness of the space of causal curves and to the existence of a Cauchy hypersurface. Furthermore, global hyperbolicity implies causal simplicity, stable causality and the existence of maximal curves connecting any two causally related points.

Clemens Smann

2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

85

hourly solar radiation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

solar radiation solar radiation Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A need for predicting hourly global radiation exists for many locations particularly in Bangladesh for which measured values are not available and daily values have to be estimated from sunshine data. The CPRG model has been used to predict values of hourly Gh for Dhaka (23.770N, 90.380E), Chittagong (22.270N, 91.820E) and Bogra (24.850N, 89.370E) for = ±7.50, ±22.50, ±37.50, ±52.50, ±67.50, ±82.50 and ±97.50 i.e., for ±1/2, ±3/2, ±5/2, ±7/2, ±9/2, ±11/2, ±13/2 hours before and after solar noon and the computed values for Source Renewable Energy Research Centre Date Released October 22nd, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Bangladesh documentation hourly solar radiation SWERA

86

Framework of Radiation Safety Management in Japan: Laws, Administrative Agencies, and Supporting Associations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radiation safety management in Japan stands upon a global framework. The concerted ... Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), International Atomic Energy Agency ( ... Health Or...

Naoki Matsuda; Masahiro Yoshida; Hideaki Takao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Global Paradox  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From the Publisher:In the tradition of his bestselling Megatrends books, John Naisbitt explores the new wave of global economic change predicted as a result of the breaking apart of the Soviet empire--and the opportunities and challenges for nations, ...

John Naisbitt

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Global view on radiation protection in medicine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......medicine. HEALTH AND REGULATORY AUTHORITIES It should...several countries, regulatory and health authorities...cooperation between both regulatory and health authorities...International Action Plan for the Radiological...Non-U.S. Gov't Review | Humans International......

E. Vano

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

The Global Carbon Cycle Radiative forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, solubility defined Effective partial pressure in surface water Gas exchange between air and water driven" of carbon Cooling of high latitude surface waters increases solubility of CO2 and saturation DIC Induces in deep ocean Carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, iron, etc. returned to inorganic form in the deep waters

Follows, Mick

90

The Global Carbon Cycle Radiative forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water Gas exchange between air and water driven by partial pressure difference Ko = CO2 * / pCO2 pCO2 waters increases solubility of CO2 and saturation DIC Induces uptake of CO2 from atmosphere and increase Solubility pump Carbonate chemistry Biological pump Photosynthesis and respiration Causes of glacial

Follows, Mick

91

Human Impact on Direct and Diffuse Solar Radiation during the Industrial Era  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study the direct and diffuse solar radiation changes are estimated, and they contribute to the understanding of the observed global dimming and the more recent global brightening during the industrial era. Using a multistream radiative ...

Maria M. Kvalevg; Gunnar Myhre

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Global Health Research | 2 Global Health Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Health Research | 2 Global Health Research Supporting researchers in low- and middle-income countries to carry out health- related research within their own countries. Gl bal Health #12;3 | Global Health Research #12;Global Health Research | 4 We are a global charitable foundation dedicated

Rambaut, Andrew

93

Global Predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

created every day by the lab and used by the forest service, county commissioners and others. Using computer technology and satellites, the lab currently focuses on three core spatial technologies? GIS, global positioning systems (GPS) and remote...,? said Srinivasan. The lab also uses GPS, a satellite navigation system useful for surveying property boundaries and fields. GPS uses satellites to locate and track any feature on Earth at any given time. The lab is using GPS in identifying the Corps...

Swyden, Courtney

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

The Science and Ethics of Global warming Global warming has become one of the central political and scientific issues of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Science and Ethics of Global warming Global warming has become one of the central political of the considerations that might govern our response to global warming, including a discussion of some new developments of the atmosphere is to reduce the efficiency with which the earth's surface radiates away the energy it absorbs

Kirk-Davidoff, Daniel

95

Review: Global Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

introduction to global climate change, the greenhouseReview: Global Climate Change: A Primer By Orrin H PilkeyPilkey, Keith C. Global Climate Change: a primer. Durham,

Smith, Jennifer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Frontiers in Global Change  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Global Change Frontiers in Global Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Dr. Thanos Nenes Aerosol-Cloud Interactions: The Elusive Component of Climate Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Professor & Georgia Power Faculty Scholar, School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA Thursday, August 1, 2013 EMSL Auditorium 10:00AM The effect of human activities on climate is one of the most important issues facing society. Humans influence climate in many ways. Emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) tend to warm climate, by reducing the amount of infrared radiation that is emitted to space. Increased levels of suspended atmospheric particles ("aerosols") exert a net cooling effect by directly scattering and absorption of solar radiation (the "aerosol direct climatic

97

global warming's six indias  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global warming's six indias: An Audience Segmentation Analysis #12;Global Warming's Six Indias 1............................................................................................................................................20 2. Global Warming Beliefs and Attitudes................................................................................ 21 Knowledge about global warming varies widely by group

Haller, Gary L.

98

The oceanic cycle and global atmospheric budget of carbonyl sulfide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A significant portion of stratospheric air chemistry is influenced by the existence of carbonyl sulfide (COS). This ubiquitous sulfur gas represents a major source of sulfur to the stratosphere where it is converted to sulfuric acid aerosol particles. Stratospheric aerosols are climatically important because they scatter incoming solar radiation back to space and are able to increase the catalytic destruction of ozone through gas phase reactions on particle surfaces. COS is primarily formed at the surface of the earth, in both marine and terrestrial environments, and is strongly linked to natural biological processes. However, many gaps in the understanding of the global COS cycle still exist, which has led to a global atmospheric budget that is out of balance by a factor of two or more, and a lack of understanding of how human activity has affected the cycling of this gas. The goal of this study was to focus on COS in the marine environment by investigating production/destruction mechanisms and recalculating the ocean-atmosphere flux.

Weiss, P.S.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

99

Alpha Radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Basics of Radiation Basics of Radiation Gamma Radiation and X-Rays Beta Radiation Alpha Radiation Irradiation Radioactive Contamination Definitions Detection Measurement Safety Around Radiation Sources Types of Radiation Exposure Managing Radiation Emergencies Basics of Radiation Characteristics of Alpha Radiation 1. Alpha radiation is not able to penetrate skin. 2. Alpha-emitting materials can be harmful to humans if the materials are inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through open wounds. 3. A variety of instruments have been designed to measure alpha radiation. Special training in use of these instruments is essential for making accurate measurements. 4. A civil defense instrument (CD V-700) cannot detect the presence of radioactive materials that produce alpha radiation unless the radioactive materials also produce beta and/or gamma radiation.

100

Radiation: Radiation Control (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

It is the policy of the state to encourage the constructive uses of radiation and to control its harmful effects. This section contains regulations pertaining to the manufacture, use,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Mapping the global digital divide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The global digital divide as a concept is intuitively understood by most academicians, politicians and public policy makers. However, to date little empirical work exists to explain differences in per country access to information and communication technologies (ICTs). The research that does exist places heavy influence on the impact of country wealth, as measured by gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, on the diffusion of ICTs. While GDP per capita certainly influences the diffusion of ICTs within a country, it is not the sole determinant of a country's location versus other countries vis-a-vis the global digital divide. To investigate and map the global digital divide, as it currently exists, the authors utilise model-based cluster analysis to determine cohorts of countries based on three variables: personal computers per 100 population, internet users per 100 population and internet bandwidth per person. The results indicate that the global digital divide consists of four tiers. And although all of the developed countries are included in the first tier, some surprising results are obtained. Implications of the results are discussed and directions for future research are provided.

D. Steven White; Angappa Gunasekaran; Timothy P. Shea; Godwin C. Ariguzo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Maryland Global Initiatives Corporation Request to Modify  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maryland Global Initiatives Corporation Request to Modify Payment Authorization Agreement (PAA an existing PAA with this MGIC site: 2. The chartstring funding the existing PAA is: Project ID Owner Dept): Terminate the PAA as of (date): Change in scope of work for site (attach) Other change (describe) 4

Weber, David J.

103

Miniaturized radiation chirper  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a miniaturized radiation chirper for use with a small battery supplying on the order of 5 volts. A poor quality CdTe crystal which is not necessarily suitable for high resolution gamma ray spectroscopy is incorporated with appropriate electronics so that the chirper emits an audible noise at a rate that is proportional to radiation exposure level. The chirper is intended to serve as a personnel radiation warning device that utilizes new and novel electronics with a novel detector, a CdTe crystal. The resultant device is much smaller and has much longer battery life than existing chirpers.

Umbarger, C. John (Los Alamos, NM); Wolf, Michael A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Retrofit Existing Buildings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Retrofit Existing Buildings Retrofit Existing Buildings Retrofit Existing Buildings Renovation, retrofit and refurbishment of existing buildings represent an opportunity to upgrade the energy performance of commercial building assets for their ongoing life. Often retrofit involves modifications to existing commercial buildings that may improve energy efficiency or decrease energy demand. In addition, retrofits are often used as opportune time to install distributed generation to a building. Energy efficiency retrofits can reduce the operational costs, particularly in older buildings, as well as help to attract tenants and gain a market edge. The Building Technologies Office provides resources that allow planners, designers, and owners to focus on energy-use goals from the first planning

105

Radiation effects on humans  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiation effects on humans Radiation effects on humans Name: Joe Kemna Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I am trying to find information on radiation. I need the effects on humans, the damage it causes to the environment, and any extra information you might have on the subject. Thank you for your time. Replies: Your library should be a good place to start, but first you need to narrow your question a bit. "Radiation" means radio waves, heat, light (including the ultraviolet light that causes suntan and sunburn), and what's called "ionizing radiation." By far the major source of the first three is the Sun, while the last I believe comes principally from cosmic rays and various naturally radioactive elements like uranium and radon. The most significant manmade sources of exposure would --- I think --- be household wiring and appliances (radio), engines and heating devices (heat), lamps (light), and X-ray machines, flying at high altitude in airplanes, and living in well-insulated homes built over radon sources (ionizing radiation). Heat, light and ionizing radiation play vital roles in the ecology of the Earth. Radio, light (in particular "tanning" ultraviolet), and ionizing radiation have all been widely assumed at different times to be particularly good or particularly bad for human health. Some recent issues of public concern have been the effect of radio waves from electric transmission lines, the effect on skin cancer incidence from tanning and sunburns, the depletion of the ultraviolet-light-produced ozone in the upper atmosphere by chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), "global warming" from the increased absorption of heat radiation from the surface by atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane, and the effect of a long exposure to low levels of ionizing radiation as for example the people of Eastern Europe are experiencing from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident.

106

Best Practices in Existing Building Commissioning  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the Best Practices in Existing Building Commissioning and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

107

Existing Building Commissioning (EBCx) Project Considerations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the existing building commissioning (EBCx) project considerations, and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

108

Reciprocal Recognition of Existing Personnel Security Clearances  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Provides direction for implementing actions required by the Office of Management and Budget memorandum, Reciprocal Recognition of Existing Personnel Security Clearances.

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

109

EXISTENCE AND STABILITY RESULTS BASED ON ASYMPTOTIC ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. This work is devoted to the study of existence and stability results of semidefi- .... work some stability results formerly proven in [4, 7, 21, 22] for linear,

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

110

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING ¥IS IT REAL? ¥IS IT IMPORTANT? ¥WHAT IS IT DUE TO? ¥HOW MUCH MORE in the atmosphere, giving Earth its temperate climate. Global Atmosphere, Global Warming GLOBAL TEMPERATURE TREND?t a cure for global warming! Aerosols only last a short while in the atmosphere, they would have

111

Global phylogenetic structure of the hyperdiverse ant genus Pheidole reveals the repeated evolution of macroecological patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...variation in speciation rates, richness-energy relationships), or are mostly due to...global Pheidole radiation consists of a constellation of geographically localized radiations...Kaspari, M , PS Ward, and M Yuan. 2004 Energy gradients and the geographic distribution...

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Vegetationatmosphere interactions and their role in global warming during the latest Cretaceous  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...forest, which occupies extensive regions of Canada, Alaska, and Siberia. Poleward of 508...and a corresponding increase in absorbed solar radiation. Global mean surface temperature...from January through June when inci- dent solar radiation is increasing at high northern...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Retrofit Existing Buildings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Retrofit Existing Buildings Retrofit Existing Buildings Retrofit Existing Buildings Photo of the Denver skyline with Wells Fargo Center building in the center of the image and the Rocky Mountains in the background. Renovation, retrofit and refurbishment of existing buildings represent an opportunity to upgrade the energy performance of commercial building assets for their ongoing life. Often retrofit involves modifications to existing commercial buildings that may improve energy efficiency or decrease energy demand. In addition, retrofits are often used as opportune time to install distributed generation to a building. Energy efficiency retrofits can reduce the operational costs, particularly in older buildings, as well as help to attract tenants and gain a market edge. The Building Technologies Office provides resources that allow planners,

114

Building | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Scientists at GE Global Research get into the holiday spirit by bringing high-tech additive manufacturing techniques to Christmas... Read More Global Research and GE...

115

Timeline | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Research Over Time From our earliest days, we've been changing the landscape in commercial science and technology. Explore our inventions' evolution. Home > Global Research...

116

Existing Facilities Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Facilities Program Existing Facilities Program Existing Facilities Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Construction Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Pre-Qualified Measures (General): $30,000 (electric and gas) Electric Efficiency and Energy Storage: 50% of cost or $2 million Natural Gas Efficiency: 50% of cost or $200,000 Demand Response: 75% of cost or $2 million (limit also applies to combined performance based efficiency and demand response measures) Industrial Process Efficiency: 50% of cost or $5 million

117

About Radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiation Radiation What is radiation? Radiation is a form of energy that is a part of our everyday lives. All of us receive a "dose" of radiation each day. Most of the dose comes from naturally occurring radioactive materials such as uranium, thorium, radon, and certain forms of potassium and carbon. The air we breathe contains radon, the food we eat contains uranium and thorium from the soil, and our bodies contain radioactive forms of potassium and carbon. Cosmic radiation from the sun also contributes to our natural radiation dose. We also receive radiation doses from man-made sources such as X-rays, nuclear medical procedures, power plants, smoke detectors and older television sets. Some people, such as nuclear plant operators, flight crews, and nuclear medicine staff may also receive an occupational radiation dose.

118

NETL: Innovations for Existing Plants - Reference Shelf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Innovations for Existing Plants Reference Shelf Program Overview Overview Publications: IEP, Recent Accomplishments Report - [PDF-1.3MB] (Oct 2007) IEP Roadmap & Program Plan [PDF-1.2MB] (May 2006) DOE/NETL'S Innovations for Existing Plants R&D Program [PDF-42KB] (Feb 2005) Improving the Environmental Performance of Today's Coal-Fired Power Plants This paper provides an overview of the Innovations for Existing Plants (IEP) Program, managed by the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory. IEP develops advanced low-cost environmental control technologies for the existing fleet of coal-fired power plants, specifically focusing on the development of advanced mercury, NOx, PM, and acid gas emission control technology. Research is also directed at the characterization and beneficial use of coal utilization byproducts as well as at emerging electric-utility and water issues.

119

Capitalize on Existing Assets with Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial facilities universally struggle with escalating energy costs. EnerNOC will demonstrate how commercial, industrial, and institutional end-users can capitalize on their existing assetsat no cost and no risk. Demand response, the voluntary...

Collins, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Greening existing buildings with LEED-EB!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The market of existing office buildings is going green. While early adopters of green buildings were owner-occupiers, there is a current wave of nonowner-occupied office buildings seeking Leadership in Energy and Environmental ...

Dirksen, Tyson H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Commissioning Existing Buildings: A Program Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since September 2002, the Oakland Energy Partnership's Large Commercial Building Tune-Up Program has recruited managers and operators of existing large commercial buildings in the City of Oakland for program participation. The Tune-Up Program...

Jump, D.; Rosillo, A.; Tahir, A.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 The files on this page contain commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. These U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reference buildings are complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis. You can also return to a summary of building types and climate zones and information about other building vintages. These files are updated regularly. There are two versions of these files on this page. Version 1.3_5.0 was updated September 27, 2010 and Version 1.4_7.2 was updated November 13, 2012. You can also view related resources: an archive of past reference buildings files

123

Nitrogen trifluoride global emissions estimated from updated atmospheric measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nitrogen trifluoride global emissions estimated from updated atmospheric measurements Tim Arnolda,1's radiative budget; however, our understand- ing of its atmospheric burden and emission rates has been limited together with an atmo- spheric model and inverse method, we estimate that the global emissions of NF3

Severinghaus, Jeffrey P.

124

Global Health Seminar Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bay Area Global Health Seminar Series Moving beyond millennium targets in global health: The challenges of investing in health and universal health coverage Although targets can help to focus global health efforts, they can also detract attention from deeper underlying challenges in global health

Klein, Ophir

125

Danger radiations  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Le confrencier Mons.Hofert parle des dangers et risques des radiations, le contrle des zones et les prcautions prendre ( p.ex. film badge), comment mesurer les radiations etc.

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

126

7 - Estimation of Radiation Doses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Radiation doses to the Japanese population from inhalation of contaminated air, external irradiation, terrestrial and marine food contamination are estimated and compared with other sources of anthropogenic (global fallout, Chernobyl accident), natural (radionuclides in food, cosmic radiation) and medical applications (X-ray tests, CT-tests, etc.) of ionizing radiation. The estimated doses from inhalation, ingestion of terrestrial and marine food, and radiation exposure from radioactive clouds and deposited radionuclides were generally below the levels which could cause health damage of the Japanese population, as well as of the world population. The estimated total radiation doses to fish and shellfish in coastal waters during the largest radionuclide releases were by a factor of 10 lower than the baseline safe level postulated for the marine organisms, therefore no harmful effects are expected for the marine ecosystem as well.

Pavel P. Povinec; Katsumi Hirose; Michio Aoyama

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2.01.00 - 2002 2.01.00 - 2002 Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems September 2002 United States Department of Energy Albuquerque Operations Office Abstract Existing software systems often represent significant investments and play important roles in the every day businesses of organizations. Many of these systems are experiencing support problems. To meet current and future operational needs, organizations need to plan how best to address these support issues. Some of the issues to consider are presented in this document with references to related standards for further detailed examination. Two tutorials, one based on software maintenance and another detailing a baseline recovery strategy are included. SQA Control of Existing Systems SQAS22.01.00-2002

128

Proposed Next Generation GRB Mission: EXIST  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A next generation Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) mission to follow the upcoming Swift mission is described. The proposed Energetic X?ray Imaging Survey Telescope EXIST would yield the limiting (practical) GRB trigger sensitivity broad?band spectral and temporal response and spatial resolution over a wide field. It would provide high resolution spectra and locations for GRBs detected at GeV energies with GLAST. Together with the next generation missions Constellation?X NGST and LISA and optical?survey (LSST) telescopes EXIST would enable GRBs to be used as probes of the early universe and the first generation of stars. EXIST alone would give ?1050? positions (long or short GRBs) approximate redshifts from lags and constrain physics of jets orphan afterglows neutrinos and SGRs.

J. Grindlay; N. Gehrels; F. Harrison; R. Blandford; G. Fishman; C. Kouveliotou; D. H. Hartmann; S. Woosley; W. Craig; J. Hong

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Surrogate-based optimization of hydraulic fracturing in pre-existing fracture networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surrogate-based optimization of hydraulic fracturing in pre-existing fracture networks Mingjie Chen Keywords: Hydraulic fracturing Fractal dimension Surrogate model Optimization Global sensitivity a b s t r a c t Hydraulic fracturing has been used widely to stimulate production of oil, natural gas

Lu, Zhiming

130

Solar and Infrared Radiation Station (SIRS) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Solar Infrared Radiation Station (SIRS) provides continuous measurements of broadband shortwave (solar) and longwave (atmospheric or infrared) irradiances for downwelling and upwelling components. The following six irradiance measurements are collected from a network of stations to help determine the total radiative flux exchange within the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) Climate Research Facility: Direct normal shortwave (solar beam) Diffuse horizontal shortwave (sky) Global horizontal shortwave (total hemispheric) Upwelling shortwave (reflected) Downwelling longwave (atmospheric infrared) Upwelling longwave (surface infrared)

Stoffel, T

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Best Practices in Existing Building Commissioning  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OCTOBER 20-21, 2010 OCTOBER 20-21, 2010 RAPID CITY, SD Best Practices in Existing Building Commissioning Carl E. Lundstrom, P. E., CCP Federal Solutions Manager E M C Engineers, Inc. - Subsidiary of Eaton Corporation * The Purpose & Benefits of Existing Building Commissioning (EBCx) * The Building Commissioning Association (BCA) & "Best Practices" * Contracting & Hiring Qualified Providers * Typical Measures & Ideal Facilities * Success Factors Presentation Agenda What is The Building Commissioning Association? Integrity Leadership Quality Expertise  International non-profit organization (founded in 1998)  Recognized commissioning authority and resource  Commissioning providers, building owners, energy companies, facility managers, architects, engineers, and contractors

132

Existing Building Commissioning (EBCx) Project Considerations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Building Existing Building Commissioning (EBCx) Project Considerations Phil Welker, Executive Director PECI 2 Mapping Out Your Commissioning Strategy Three big questions: 1. Which buildings are commissioning candidates? 2. What commissioning approach(es) should I employ? 3. What expertise do I need to get it done? 3 Which buildings? Many factors come in to play: * Building sizes * Project budgets * Current energy performance * Building control systems * Occupancy rates * Operator/ engineering resources * Long term investment strategy * Sustainability plans or mandates * Equipment Replacements Selecting the right buildings is critical to achieve the maximum benefit in a cost-efficient manner. See the EPA's "A Retrocommissioning Guide for Building Owners"

133

Epidemiological Studies of Leukemia in Persons Exposed to Ionizing Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exposed to ionizing radiation, the author...the higher dose range regardless...low dose range, it is emphasized...possibility of radiation hazards existing at low doses should not...exposed to ionizing radiation...exposed to ionizing radiation, the author...the higher dose range regardless...

L. H. Hempelmann

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Future Cities Existing Buildings Solving the Conundrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of return on investment, both in terms of cost and carbon reduction, than by acting alone.' For more are not present, close loop borehole systems can be used. #12;The Problem of Existing Building Stock Substantial and over cladding would destroy the heritage Driving down carbon emissions in historic city centres

Painter, Kevin

135

Existing potato markers and marker conversions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Existing potato markers and marker conversions Walter De Jong PAA Workshop August 2009 1 #12;What of us will continue to use agarose gels for years to come #12;Example of a potato marker 4 PVY (Ryadg) ­ Kasai et al. 2000 Genome 43:1-8 allele specific amplification of a diagnostic product - potatoes

Douches, David S.

136

Solar: annual and seasonal average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data global horizontal (GHI) GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Global Horizontal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images

137

Radiation dose distribution for workers in South Korean nuclear power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......KHNP has implemented a radiation safety management system...dose registry of NPPs radiation workers, in order to...existing plants. From the software point of view, training...annual average individual radiation exposure dose is expected......

Byoung-il Lee; So-i Kim; Dong-hee Suh; Young-woo Jin; Jeong-in Kim; Hoon Choi; Young-khi Lim

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Implications of global warming for the climate of African rainforests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Amazonia, but not in the Congo Basin. The newest generation of global model experiments (CMIP5) includes several Earth System Models with dynamic vegetation, and existing research has largely found projections from CMIP5 to be similar to CMIP3...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Realistic Mitigation Options for Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...uncertainty (48). The energy modeling results that employ other methods...concerns that environmental control could impede economic development...Sources and Guidelines for Control of Existing Sources: Municipal...100% under present U.S. laws) but to a lower global warming...

Edward S. Rubin; Richard N. Cooper; Robert A. Frosch; Thomas H. Lee; Gregg Marland; Arthur H. Rosenfeld; Deborah D. Stine

1992-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

140

Cows Causing Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Broadcast Transcript: Remember when President Reagan blamed trees for air pollution? Well now the Japanese are blaming cows for global warming. Apparently, the methane emissions from burping cows account for 5% of all global greenhouse gases. Simple...

Hacker, Randi

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Curing | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

this paper-based instrument, the size of a deck of playing cards, enables... Read More Additive Manufacturing Demonstration at GE Global Research See how GE Global Research is...

142

Global Environmental Course Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department Global Environmental Studies Room Course Title Frontier of Sustainability Science Instructor Akihisa MORI, Global Environmental Studies Satoshi KONISHI, Institute of Advanced consisting from a variety of academic field, including philosophy, politics, economics, energy, architecture

Takada, Shoji

143

Constraining past global tropospheric methane budgets with carbon and hydrogen isotope ratios in ice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...turn, shift the global delta13CH4 and deltaD-CH4...for natural gas (coal, thermogenic or...Ledru2001Correlations of char coal records of fires...Ward1993Methane production from global biomass burning...Wuebbles2000Radiative forcings and global warming potentials of 39...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems Existing software systems often represent significant investments and...

145

Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Geothermal Plants | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Geothermal Plants Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Geothermal Plants Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Plants With plants in development. Click...

146

Introduction to Global Health IT Strategies and Applications Minitrack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The global proliferation of information and communication technologies, along with improved mobile computing accessibility, enhanced security and cloud-based data exchanges have germinated interests in those seeking to apply existing and emerging information ... Keywords: global health, healthcare systems, health IT

Joseph Tan; Michael S. Dohan; Sarah Patrick

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Efficient Global Optimization of Expensive Black-Box Functions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many engineering optimization problems, the number of function evaluations is severely limited by time or cost. These problems pose a special challenge to the field of global optimization, since existing methods often require more function evaluations ... Keywords: Bayesian global optimization, Kriging, Random function, Response surface, Stochastic process, Visualization

Donald R. Jones; Matthias Schonlau; William J. Welch

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Energy and Environment: Progress and Existence Energy Provides Existence and Is Cause for Change (hopefully Progress)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy and Environment: Progress and Existence Energy Provides Existence and Is Cause for Change (hopefully Progress) Energy is possessed (thus equilibrium property) by material systems and redistributed-displacement interactions (process) towards the equilibrium (equi- partition of energy over mass and space); thus energy

Kostic, Milivoje M.

149

Plasma Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... JUST over ten years ago the first book on plasma physics as a subject in its own right appeared; in a gradually swelling stream ... been surprisingly few monographs. One topic which has had scant coverage in any form is plasma radiation (except for spectral-line radiation which has been dealt with very fully in ...

T. J. M. BOYD

1967-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Strong radiative heating due to the mixing state of black carbon in atmospheric aerosols  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... The global model that I used was GATOR-GCMM, which treated gas, aerosol, radiative, meteorological and transport processes (see Supplementary ...

Mark Z. Jacobson

2001-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

151

New Report Characterizes Existing Offshore Wind Grid Interconnection...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

New Report Characterizes Existing Offshore Wind Grid Interconnection Capabilities New Report Characterizes Existing Offshore Wind Grid Interconnection Capabilities September 3,...

152

The High Energy Telescope on EXIST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Energetic X-ray Imaging Survey Telescope (EXIST) is a proposed next generation multi-wavelength survey mission. The primary instrument is a High Energy telescope (HET) that conducts the deepest survey for Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs), obscured-accreting and dormant Supermassive Black Holes and Transients of all varieties for immediate followup studies by the two secondary instruments: a Soft X-ray Imager (SXI) and an Optical/Infrared Telescope (IRT). EXIST will explore the early Universe using high redshift GRBs as cosmic probes and survey black holes on all scales. The HET is a coded aperture telescope employing a large array of imaging CZT detectors (4.5 m^2, 0.6 mm pixel) and a hybrid Tungsten mask. We review the current HET concept which follows an intensive design revision by the HET imaging working group and the recent engineering studies in the Instrument and Mission Design Lab at the Goddard Space Flight Center. The HET will locate GRBs and transients quickly (<10-30 sec) and accurately (< 20") f...

Hong, J; Allen, B; Barthelmy, S D; Skinner, G K; Gehrels, N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Review of existing reactive transport software  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Simulations of thermal and hydrological evolution following the potential emplacement of a subterranean nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, NV provide data that suggest the inevitability of dependent, simultaneous chemical evolution in this system. These chemical changes will modify significantly both the magnitude and structure of local porosity and permeability; hence, they will have a dynamic feedback effect on the evolving thermal and hydrological regime. Yet, despite this intimate interdependence of transport and chemical processes, a rigorous quantitative analysis of the post- emplacement environment that incorporates this critical feedback mechanism has not been completed to date. As an initial step in this direction, the present document outlines the fundamental chemical and transport processes that must be accounted for in such an analysis, and reviews the inventory of existing software that encodes these processed in explicitly coupled form. A companion report describes the prioritization of specific capabilities that are needed for modeling post-emplacement reactive transport at Yucca Mountain.

Glassley, W., LLNL

1998-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

154

Do Mirrors for Gravitational Waves Exist?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin superconducting films are predicted to be highly reflective mirrors for gravitational waves at microwave frequencies. The quantum mechanical non-localizability of the negatively charged Cooper pairs, which is protected from the localizing effect of decoherence by an energy gap, causes the pairs to undergo non-picturable, non-geodesic motion in the presence of a gravitational wave. This non-geodesic motion, which is accelerated motion through space, leads to the existence of mass and charge supercurrents inside the superconducting film. On the other hand, the decoherence-induced localizability of the positively charged ions in the lattice causes them to undergo picturable, geodesic motion as they are carried along with space in the presence of the same gravitational wave. The resulting separation of charges leads to a virtual plasma excitation within the film that enormously enhances its interaction with the wave, relative to that of a neutral superfluid or any normal matter. The existence of strong mass supercurrents within a superconducting film in the presence of a gravitational wave, dubbed the "Heisenberg-Coulomb effect," implies the specular reflection of a gravitational microwave from a film whose thickness is much less than the London penetration depth of the material, in close analogy with the electromagnetic case. The argument is developed by allowing classical gravitational fields, which obey Maxwell-like equations, to interact with quantum matter, which is described using the BCS and Ginzburg-Landau theories of superconductivity, as well as a collisionless plasma model. Several possible experimental tests of these ideas, including mesoscopic ones, are presented alongside comments on the broader theoretical implications of the central hypothesis.

Stephen J. Minter; Kirk Wegter-McNelly; Raymond Y. Chiao

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

155

Radiation dosimeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radiation detector readout circuit is provided which produces a radiation dose-rate readout from a detector even though the detector output may be highly energy dependent. A linear charge amplifier including an output charge pump circuit amplifies the charge signal pulses from the detector and pumps the charge into a charge storage capacitor. The discharge rate of the capacitor through a resistor is controlled to provide a time-dependent voltage which when integrated provides an output proportional to the dose-rate of radiation detected by the detector. This output may be converted to digital form for readout on a digital display.

Fox, Richard J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Radiation dosimeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radiation detector readout circuit is provided which produces a radiation dose-rate readout from a detector even through the detector output may be highly energy dependent. A linear charge amplifier including an output charge pump circuit amplifies the charge signal pulses from the detector and pumps the charge into a charge storage capacitor. The discharge rate of the capacitor through a resistor is controlled to provide a time-dependent voltage which when integrated provides an output proportional to the dose-rate of radiation detected by the detector. This output may be converted to digital form for readout on a digital display.

Fox, R.J.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

2013 Global Carbon Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2013 Global Carbon Project 2013 Global Carbon Project DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/GCP_2013_V1.1 image 2013 Budget v1.1 (November 2013) image 2013 Budget v1.3 (December 2013, contains typographical corrections to 2011 Australia emissions from v1.1 and corrections to the 2011 Australia transfer and consumption emissions from v1.2) image image image image Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions to Reach 36 Billion Tonnes in 2013 Global emissions of carbon dioxide from the combustion of fossil fuels will reach 36 billion tonnes for the year 2013. "This is a level unprecedented in human history," says CSIRO's Dr Pep Canadell, Executive-Director of the Global Carbon Project (GCP) and co-author of a new report. Global emissions due to fossil fuel alone are set to grow this year at a slightly lower pace of 2.1% than the average 3.1% since 2000, reaching 36

158

ON THE EXISTENCE OF 'RADIO THERMALLY ACTIVE' GALACTIC SUPERNOVA REMNANTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the possibility of significant production of thermal bremsstrahlung radiation at radio continuum frequencies that could be linked to some Galactic supernova remnants (SNRs). The main targets for this investigation are SNRs expanding in high-density environments. There are several indicators of radio thermal bremsstrahlung radiation from SNRs, such as a flattening at higher frequencies and thermal absorption at lower frequencies intrinsic to an SNR. In this work, we discuss the radio continuum properties of three SNRs that are the best candidates for testing our hypothesis of significant thermal emission. In the case of SNRs IC 443 and 3C 391, thermal absorption has been previously detected. For IC 443, the contribution of thermal emission at 1 GHz, from our model fit is 3%-57%. It is similar to the estimate obtained from the thermal absorption properties (10%-40% at 1 GHz). In the case of the 3C 391 the conclusions are not so clear. The results from our model fit (thermal emission contribution of 10%-25% at 1 GHz) and results obtained from the low-frequency absorption (thermal contribution of 0.15%-7% at 1 GHz) do not overlap. For the SNR 3C 396 we suggest that if previously detected thermal absorption could be intrinsic to the SNR then the thermal emission (<47% at 1 GHz from our model fit) could be significant enough to shape the radio continuum spectrum at high frequencies. Polarization observations for these SNRs can constrain the strength of a thermal component. Reliable observations at low frequencies (<100 MHz) are needed as well as more data at high radio frequencies (>1 GHz), in order to make stronger conclusions about the existence of 'radio thermally active' SNRs.

Onic, D.; Urosevic, D.; Arbutina, B. [Department of Astronomy, Faculty of Mathematics, University of Belgrade (Serbia); Leahy, D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary (Canada)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global Jump to: navigation, search Name Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global) Place London, United Kingdom Zip EC4M 9DN Product Cleantech Professional Resource is a resource management consultancy focusing on the cleantech sector in the UK and Europe. References Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global) is a company located in London, United Kingdom . References ↑ "Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cleantech_Professional_Resource_Global_Limited_CPR_Global&oldid=343687

160

PNNL Global Energy Technology Strategy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Strategy Program Technology Strategy Program Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Energy Technology Strategy Program Name Global Energy Technology Strategy Program Agency/Company /Organization Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.pnl.gov/gtsp/ References Global Energy Technology Strategy Program [1] "Since its inception in 1998, the Global Energy Technology Strategy Program (GTSP) has been assessing the important roles that technology can play in effectively managing the long-term risks of climate change. This involves an integrated approach to fully exploring all aspects of climate change - including scientific, economic, regulatory, and social impacts - and then aligning new or existing technologies to mitigate negative consequences.[1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Powering | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trials GE Global Research is advancing technology that will make the inspection of wind turbines faster and more reliable for customers.... Read More Brilliant(tm) Wind...

162

Subsidizing Global Solar Power.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? With national cuts on solar PV subsidies and the current oversupply of panels, the global solar market is clearly threatened by a contraction. Yet, (more)

Arnesson, Daniel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Z .Global and Planetary Change 20 1999 93123 Global sea level rise and glacial isostatic adjustment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adjustment W.R. Peltier ) Department of Physics, Uni?ersity of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto-mail: peltier@atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca Z .rather recently Peltier and Tushingham, 1989 , it was not clearly;( )W.R. PeltierrGlobal and Planetary Change 20 1999 93­12394 Z .existed at that time e.g., Peltier

Peltier, W. Richard

164

Appendix G. Radiation Appendix G. Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-made sources. People are exposed to naturally occurring radiation constantly. For example, cosmic radiation of radiation and its effects on the environment and biological systems. Radiation comes from natural and humanAppendix G. Radiation #12;#12;Appendix G. Radiation This appendix presents basic facts about

Pennycook, Steve

165

Global cooling updates: Reflective roofs and pavements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With increasing the solar reflectance of urban surfaces, the outflow of short-wave solar radiation increases, less solar heat energy is absorbed leading to lower surface temperatures and reduced outflow of thermal radiation into the atmosphere. This process of negative radiative forcing effectively counters global warming. Cool roofs also reduce cooling-energy use in air conditioned buildings and increase comfort in unconditioned buildings; and cool roofs and cool pavements mitigate summer urban heat islands, improving outdoor air quality and comfort. Installing cool roofs and cool pavements in cities worldwide is a compelling winwinwin activity that can be undertaken immediately, outside of international negotiations to cap CO2 emissions. We review the status of cool roof and cool pavements technologies, policies, and programs in the U.S., Europe, and Asia. We propose an international campaign to use solar reflective materials when roofs and pavements are built or resurfaced in temperate and tropical regions.

Hashem Akbari; H. Damon Matthews

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

The Existence of Baryons at z=1000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluctuations in the CMB have now been detected over a wide range of angular scales, and a consistent picture seems to be emerging. The data cannot currently constrain a large number of cosmological parameters, but it is clear that there is more information than just the normalization of the models. Here we use the data to constrain a second parameter, namely the amplitude of the Doppler peak, using a phenomenological approach to the power spectrum. We find that the data prefer a peak of height ~3, with a purely flat spectrum ruled out at the 95%CL. Although there are concerns about possible foregrounds and non-Gaussian fluctuations, we believe that the existence of a peak at degree-scales is established by the data. This immediately implies that reionization was unimportant for the CMB. It also potentially leads to difficulties for models where the fluctuations were produced by topological defects. Independent constraints on Omega_B, on the slope n, etc. will need to wait for further data. At the moment, the simple presence of a Doppler peak should be seen as strong supporting evidence for standard dark matter-dominated models with some few percent of baryons at z=1000.

Douglas Scott; Martin White

1994-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

167

Thermoeconomic analysis of some existing desalination processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a thermoeconomic analysis of the widely used and existing desalination processes. Thermoeconomic approach is used to distribute the cost of the whole process on the internal streams based on exergy not energy. The stream-cost equations are arranged in a matrix form and solved to calculate the monetary cost of the process streams. The cost associated with the rejected streams as well as the cost of the exergy destruction are calculated for process units. This in turn enables to point out the units which have the higher sum of investment and exergy destruction costs. Cost effective of the whole process recalling enhancement of these units. The most widely used desalination processes and especially are located in Suez Gulf region such as Multi stage flash (MSF), multi effect evaporation (MEE), thermal vapor compression (MEE-TVC), mechanical vapor compression (MEE-MVC), and reverse osmosis RO are considered and compared. This comparison is performed using developed Visual Design and Simulation (VDS) software. The results show that both Mechanical Vapor Compression (MEE-MVC) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) systems are in competition and they give lower unit product cost.

Abdulnasser A. Mabrouk; A.S. Nafey; H.E.S. Fath

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Combined surface solar brightening and increasing greenhouse effect support recent intensification of the global land-based hydrological cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combined surface solar brightening and increasing greenhouse effect support recent intensification of the global land-based hydrological cycle Martin Wild,1 Ju¨rgen Grieser,2 and Christoph Scha¨r1 Received 30 radiation (surface radiation balance) is the key driver behind the global hydrological cycle. Here we

Fischlin, Andreas

169

ALS Global Agroecosystems -Draft 1 Global Agroecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

following class or by appointment PREREQUISITES Introduction to Soils (SWS 3022), Soils for Environmental. This course will emphasize greater understanding of this triple bottom line in agricultural production and timely global issue in agroecology and effectively communicate in video format. CLASS FORMAT Three 50

Ma, Lena

170

Solar Radiation Mapping from NOAA AVHRR Data in Catalonia, Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A statistical model is presented for the determination of hourly global solar radiation from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration advanced very high resolution radiometer (NOAA AVHRR) satellite data, which provide wide coverage ...

Henry Flores Tovar; Jose M. Baldasano

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Predicting solar radiation fluxes for solar energy system applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mean daily global solar radiation flux is influenced by astronomical, climatological, geographical, geometrical, meteorological, and physical parameters. This paper deals with the study of the effects of i...

M. H. Saffaripour; M. A. Mehrabian

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Interim Storage of Plutonium in Existing Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

'In this era of nuclear weapons disarmament and nonproliferation treaties, among many problems being faced by the Department of Energy is the safe disposal of plutonium. There is a large stockpile of plutonium at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Center and it remains politically and environmentally strategic to relocate the inventory closer to a processing facility. Savannah River Site has been chosen as the final storage location, and the Actinide Packaging and Storage Facility (APSF) is currently under construction for this purpose. With the ability of APSF to receive Rocky Flats material an estimated ten years away, DOE has decided to use the existing reactor building in K-Area of SRS as temporary storage to accelerate the removal of plutonium from Rocky Flats. There are enormous cost savings to the government that serve as incentive to start this removal as soon as possible, and the KAMS project is scheduled to receive the first shipment of plutonium in January 2000. The reactor building in K-Area was chosen for its hardened structure and upgraded seismic qualification, both resulting from an effort to restart the reactor in 1991. The KAMS project has faced unique challenges from Authorization Basis and Safety Analysis perspectives. Although modifying a reactor building from a production facility to a storage shelter is not technically difficult, the nature of plutonium has caused design and safety analysis engineers to make certain that the design of systems, structures and components included will protect the public, SRS workers, and the environment. A basic overview of the KAMS project follows. Plutonium will be measured and loaded into DOT Type-B shipping packages at Rocky Flats. The packages are 35-gallon stainless steel drums with multiple internal containment boundaries. DOE transportation vehicles will be used to ship the drums to the KAMS facility at SRS. They will then be unloaded, stacked and stored in specific locations throughout the reactor building. The storage life is projected to be ten years to allow the preparation of APSF. DOE has stipulated that there be no credible release during storage, since there are no design features in place to mitigate a release of plutonium (i.e. HEPA filters, facility containment boundaries, etc.). This mandate has presented most of the significant challenges to the safety analysis team. The shipping packages are designed to withstand certain accidents and conditions, but in order to take credit for these the storage environment must be strictly controlled. Damages to the packages from exposure to fire, dropping, crushing and other impact accidents have been analyzed, and appropriate preventative design features have been incorporated. Other efforts include the extension of the shipping life (roughly two years) to a suitable storage life of ten years. These issues include the effects of internal pressure increases, seal degradation and the presence of impurities. A process known as the Container Qualification Program has been conducted to address these issues. The KAMS project will be ready to receive the first shipment from Rocky Flats in January 2000. No credible design basis scenarios resulting in the release of plutonium exist. This work has been useful in the effort to provide a safer disposition of plutonium, but also the lessons learned and techniques established by the team will help with the analysis of future facility modifications.'

Woodsmall, T.D.

1999-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

173

Global Development Our Responsibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of expertise cover urgent global issues such as food production, energy supply, climate change, biodiversity e ort to address urgent global issues particularly a ecting developing countries e.g. climate change of Communication, 2012 · Project Leader: Karin Nilsson · Graphic Design: Viktor Wrange & Michael Kvick Cover Photo

174

5 Inventory of Existing Activities This Chapter evaluates existing legal protections, projects, plans, and activities against  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

disturbance events (of natural type, frequency, intensity, and legacy) are allowed to proceed without practices that degrade the quality of existing natural communities, including suppression of natural line except for water-dependent uses. c) Article 43 ­ Environmental Protection Zone (EP

175

Radiative Transfer in Interacting Media J.Kenneth Shultis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of nuclear energy. Today, radiative transport plays an important role in many other areas besides nuclear, and many others. 1.1 Radiative Transfer Regimes The transport of radiant energy through a medium falls shielding analyses, the radiative transfer equation is linear, and a wealth of numerical techniques exist

Shultis, J. Kenneth

176

NPP and the Global Carbon Cycle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Global Carbon Cycle the Global Carbon Cycle Introduction Photosynthetic carbon fixation comprises a major component of the global carbon cycle. Data on net primary productivity (NPP) may be sparse, but a consistent NPP data set may be used to calibrate, parameterize and evaluate models of terrestrial carbon cycling, as well as for validation of remote sensing data and other applications (identifying trends, investigating biogeochemical processes, etc.). It is also useful to place such data within the context of carbon cycling and carbon storage worldwide. For example: How much carbon exists in the biosphere, and where exactly is it stored? How much is in fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas), and how large are current fossil-fuel emissions? How much is in living biomass (plants/ animals/ humans)?

177

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Foundation Heat Exchanger, Oak Ridge, Tennessee Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes:...

178

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: National...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Existing Homes: National Grid Deep Energy Retrofit Pilot, Massachusetts and Rhode Island (Fact Sheet) Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: National Grid Deep...

179

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Cascade...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Cascade Apartments - Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit (Fact Sheet) Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing...

180

Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes This presentation was delivered at the U.S. Department of Energy Building America Technical Update...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Excavationless: Exterior-Side Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Excavationless: Exterior-Side...

182

Magnetism and superconductivity observed to exist in harmony  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnetism and superconductivity exist in harmony Magnetism and superconductivity observed to exist in harmony Physicists have observed, for the first time in a single exotic phase,...

183

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Existing Homes:Hydronic Systems Designing for Setback Operations Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes:Hydronic Systems Designing for Setback Operations...

184

Building America Technology Solutions for Existing Homes: Initial...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Existing Homes: Initial and Long-Term Cladding Over Exterior Insulation Building America Technology Solutions for Existing Homes: Initial and Long-Term Cladding Over Exterior...

185

On boundedness, existence and uniqueness of strong solutions of the Navier-Stokes Equations in 3 dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we consider the Navier-Stokes Equations in 3 dimensions in the vorticity formulation in the absence of the external forces. We derive upper bounds on L_{infinity} norm of omega and use them together with the Local Existence and Uniqueness results to show Global Existence and Uniqueness of the solution provided that at t=0, L_{infinity} norm of omega is finite, or L_4 norm of omega is finite.

A. A. Ruzmaikina

2009-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

186

Radiation receiver  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The apparatus for collecting radiant energy and converting same to alternate energy form includes a housing having an interior space and a radiation transparent window allowing, for example, solar radiation to be received in the interior space of the housing. Means are provided for passing a stream of fluid past said window and for injecting radiation absorbent particles in said fluid stream. The particles absorb the radiation and because of their very large surface area, quickly release the heat to the surrounding fluid stream. The fluid stream particle mixture is heated until the particles vaporize. The fluid stream is then allowed to expand in, for example, a gas turbine to produce mechanical energy. In an aspect of the present invention properly sized particles need not be vaporized prior to the entrance of the fluid stream into the turbine, as the particles will not damage the turbine blades. In yet another aspect of the invention, conventional fuel injectors are provided to inject fuel into the fluid stream to maintain the proper temperature and pressure of the fluid stream should the source of radiant energy be interrupted. In yet another aspect of the invention, an apparatus is provided which includes means for providing a hot fluid stream having hot particles disbursed therein which can radiate energy, means for providing a cooler fluid stream having cooler particles disbursed therein, which particles can absorb radiant energy and means for passing the hot fluid stream adjacent the cooler fluid stream to warm the cooler fluid and cooler particles by the radiation from the hot fluid and hot particles. 5 figs.

Hunt, A.J.

1983-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

187

The Global Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper puts forward the vision that a natural future stage of the electricity network could be a grid spanning the whole planet and connecting most of the large power plants in the world: this is the Global Grid. The main driving force behind the Global Grid will be the harvesting of remote renewable sources, and its key infrastructure element will be the high capacity long transmission lines. Wind farms and solar power plants will supply load centers with green power over long distances. This paper focuses on the introduction of the concept, showing that a globally interconnected network can be technologically feasible and economically competitive. We further highlight the multiple opportunities emerging from a global electricity network such as smoothing the renewable energy supply and electricity demand, reducing the need for bulk storage, and reducing the volatility of the energy prices. We also discuss possible investment mechanisms and operating schemes. Among others, we envision in such a system a global power market and the establishment of two new coordinating bodies, the Global Regulator and the Global System Operator.

Spyros Chatzivasileiadis; Damien Ernst; Gran Andersson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Can the Infrared Radiation that Causes the Enhanced Greenhouse Effect Be Put to Better Use?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increasing levels of certain greenhouse gases (GHGs) most importantly CO 2 in the earths atmosphere lead to climate change and global warming as a result of these gases interacting with thermal infrared (TIR) radiation from earth to space. Here the option of modifying this radiation is analyzed which would result in modified TIR radiation that would interact less with atmospheric CO 2 . This alleviates the enhanced greenhouse effect and at the same time would allow for energy recovery as heat and/or power. Power production is of course limited by thermodynamics Second Law. It is shown that various options exist for TIR radiation modification which may be used to generate temperature gradients or temperature differences between volumes of (gases containing) CO 2 of sufficient optical thickness. This may be further exploited for power generation: a first simple case shows power generation of ?1? W ? per ? m 2 surface at a Carnot efficiency of ?7% using the sky and ground level surroundings as heat reservoirs.

Ron Zevenhoven

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Structural Basis of Pre-existing Immunity to the 2009 H1N1 Pandemic  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structural Basis of Pre-existing Immunity to the 2009 Structural Basis of Pre-existing Immunity to the 2009 H1N1 Pandemic Influenza Virus The emergence of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic, also known as the "swine flu", marks the first human flu pandemic in 40 years and has caused significant human infection and mortality globally (1). The emergence of the 2009 H1N1 flu marks the first time that an influenza pandemic was triggered by a virus carrying the same hemagglutinin (HA) subtype as circulating seasonal strains. In contrast, all prior pandemics were caused by the rise of a novel influenza strain with a different hemagglutinin subtype. And unlike seasonal flu that usually affects the elderly most severely, swine flu has been primarily targeting people under the age of 65, implying some age-related pre-existing immunity (2, 3).

190

IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative The GPPDI Workshop was held in Cincinnati, U.S.A., December 1996 (Olson et al., 1997). Summary (September 1996) by Dick Olson and Steve Prince from Global Change Newsletter No. 27; International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme: A Study of Global Change (IGBP) of the International Council of Scientific Unions Global modelling and monitoring of net primary production (NPP) is being given high priority in IGBP owing to increasing concern over issues such as the consequences of perturbations in the carbon cycle, the impacts of global land-use change, global climate change, and global food security. Significant advances have been made in process modelling and in the use of remote sensing to monitor global vegetation. The advances in modelling and remote sensing of NPP have highlighted the lack of readily available, reliable information from field studies with which to parameterise and validate the models. The Global Primary Production Data Initiative (GPPDI) is intended to remedy this problem by identifying existing field data sets of primary production and associated environmental data. The programme is using data sets for representative sites, and extrapolating or regionalising the better data sets to grid cells sizes of up to 0.5º x 0.5º. Emphasis is on variables needed to parameterise and validate primary production models, including above and below ground NPP, standing crop, LAI, climate data, site data and landscape variability.

191

Radiation Detection Computational Benchmark Scenarios  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modeling forms an important component of radiation detection development, allowing for testing of new detector designs, evaluation of existing equipment against a wide variety of potential threat sources, and assessing operation performance of radiation detection systems. This can, however, result in large and complex scenarios which are time consuming to model. A variety of approaches to radiation transport modeling exist with complementary strengths and weaknesses for different problems. This variety of approaches, and the development of promising new tools (such as ORNLs ADVANTG) which combine benefits of multiple approaches, illustrates the need for a means of evaluating or comparing different techniques for radiation detection problems. This report presents a set of 9 benchmark problems for comparing different types of radiation transport calculations, identifying appropriate tools for classes of problems, and testing and guiding the development of new methods. The benchmarks were drawn primarily from existing or previous calculations with a preference for scenarios which include experimental data, or otherwise have results with a high level of confidence, are non-sensitive, and represent problem sets of interest to NA-22. From a technical perspective, the benchmarks were chosen to span a range of difficulty and to include gamma transport, neutron transport, or both and represent different important physical processes and a range of sensitivity to angular or energy fidelity. Following benchmark identification, existing information about geometry, measurements, and previous calculations were assembled. Monte Carlo results (MCNP decks) were reviewed or created and re-run in order to attain accurate computational times and to verify agreement with experimental data, when present. Benchmark information was then conveyed to ORNL in order to guide testing and development of hybrid calculations. The results of those ADVANTG calculations were then sent to PNNL for compilation. This is a report describing the details of the selected Benchmarks and results from various transport codes.

Shaver, Mark W.; Casella, Andrew M.; Wittman, Richard S.; McDonald, Ben S.

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

192

Forecasting phenology under global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Forrest Forecasting phenology under global warming Ines Ibanez 1 * Richard B. Primack...and site-specific responses to global warming. We found that for most species...climate change|East Asia, global warming|growing season, hierarchical...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

The Persistently Variable Background Stratospheric Aerosol Layer and Global Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in global radiative forcing (Fig. 3) over the past decade. The model has been extensively compared to other Earth system models of intermediate complexity as well as to Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Models [AOGCMs, see (28...

S. Solomon; J. S. Daniel; R. R. Neely III; J.-P. Vernier; E. G. Dutton; L. W. Thomason

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

194

Pax Global, Inc.,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pax Global, Inc., Pax Global, Inc., (freezers) Issued: April 2, 2013 BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, D.C. 20585 ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2013-SE-L413 NOTICE OF NONCOMPLIANCE DETERMINATION Manufacturers and private labelers are prohibited from distributing covered products in the United States that do not comply with applicable federal energy conservation standards. 10 C.F.R. § 429.102; 42 U.S.C. § 6302. Pax Global, Inc. ("Pax Global") is a private labeler and uses the "Crosley" and "Daewoo" brands to distribute freezers in the United States. TESTING l. The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") tested four privately labeled units o basic model numbe , manufactured , 1 that had been distributed in the United States by a third-pa1iy private labeler.

195

KRFTWRK Global Human Electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Network 2.1.1 Virtual Power Plants The Global Powernetwork, based on "Virtual Power Plants", called "VPP". A "participant runs a virtual human power plant. Per every "

Prohaska, Rainer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Impacts of Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 2001 Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Report provides not merely 1, but 19 separate chapters on the impacts of global warming, comprising over 1,000 pages of descriptions...

Donald Rapp

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Global New Product Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the age of ubiquitous internet bandwidth, the development of a global market, coupled with rapid development of what once were underdeveloped countries and regions has led to many companies thinking and act...

Russell Watt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Mobile Means Global  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

mHealth is rapidly expanding globally, in both volume ... questions developers and users must ask is whether mHealth can be scaled and sustained for the ... governments, foundations, entrepreneurs, and businesses...

Donna Malvey; Donna J. Slovensky

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Global Biomass Energy Potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The intensive use of renewable energy is one of the options to stabilize...2...atmospheric concentration at levels of 350 to 550ppm. A recent evaluation of the global potential of primary renewable energy carried...

Jos#X00C9; Roberto Moreira

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Radiation Protection Act (Pennsylvania)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Act combines the radiation safety provisions of The Atomic Energy Development and Radiation Control Act and the Environmental Radiation Protection Act, and empowers the Department of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

ARM - Lesson Plans: Global Warming  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plans: Global Warming Objective The objective is to understand the enhanced greenhouse effect and the effects of global warming. Important Points to Understand If the...

202

Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Front in Cabinda, 47 Security: oil operations, 182 83,Like an Oil Company: Space, Security and Global Capital inarms deals and private security than oil exploitation (HRW

Reed, Kristin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Radiation protection: Natural radiation risks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... radiation to which humans are exposed consists of four components - cosmic, gamma, internal, radon. The relative contribution that each makes to the sum is shown in the chart. ... but exposure of the whole body to terrestrial gamma rays and of the lungs to radon daughters are influenced by the nature and location of housing. Gamma rays are emitted ...

M. C. O'Riordan

1983-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

204

National Solar Radiation Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Solar Radiation Database National Solar Radiation Database Jump to: navigation, search The National Solar Radiation Database, or NSRDB, describes the amount of solar energy which is available at any location in the United States. It is generated by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, with the assistance of many collaborators.[1] Technical Overview Per its user's manual, "The NSRDB is a serially complete collection of hourly values of the three most common measurements of solar radiation (global horizontal, direct normal, and diffuse horizontal) over a period of time adequate to establish means and extremes, and at a sufficient number of locations to represent regional solar radiation climates."[2] There have been two releases of the NSRDB, each covering different time

205

GLOBAL DECLINES OF Vance T. Vredenburg and David B. Wake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

species Organisms living in habitats where they do not occur naturally. metapopulation A collection in increased levels of harmful ultraviolet radiation (UV-B), is nega- tively affecting amphibians. GLOBAL's amphibian diversity occurs in the tropics, especially in Central and South America, but other amphibian

Wake, David B.

206

Chapter 15. BIOLOGICALPHYSICAL INTERACTIONS AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

605 Chapter 15. BIOLOGICAL­PHYSICAL INTERACTIONS AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: SOME LESSONS FROM EARTH, absorb- ing long-wave radiation emitted from the planet surface and warming Earth's surface temperature combined. The idea that burning a relatively small amount of coal, oil, and gas can affect such a large

Schrag, Daniel

207

GLOBAL GOVERNANCE FIGHTING POVERTY 26 GLOBAL AGENDA 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, they would discover a nearly total disparity between global commitments and domestic politics. Bush hasGLOBAL GOVERNANCE FIGHTING POVERTY 26 GLOBAL AGENDA 2003 the world promised to put real resources credible document spelling out the US role in a global war against AIDS. The planned US financial

208

Physical aspects of the greenhouse effect and global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the simplest model of the earths radiative balance global warming will occur with certainty as humankind increases its production and consumption of nonsolar energy. This prediction is revisited using a broader model that allows the greenhouse effect to be considered. The new model predicts a global warming of ?T E =(114? K )? where ? is the rate of surface energy release in units of the average incident solar radiation 342? W?m ?2 and ?T E is the average temperature rise at the earths surface. Present values of these quantities excluding geothermal sources are ?=0.6910 ?4 and ?T E =7.9? mK . The model assigns a small number of optical parameters to the atmosphere and surface and qualifies the simple warming prediction: It is rigorous only if parameters other than ? are unchanged. The model is not complex and should serve as an aid to an elementary understanding of global warming.

Robert S. Knox

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Estimation of 5-min solar global irradiation on tilted planes by ANN method in Bouzareah, Algeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

], three main reasons make it impossible to develop a simple model for converting horizontal global solar surface The solar radiation arriving on a tilted collector has, most of the time, a beam component (nilEstimation of 5-min solar global irradiation on tilted planes by ANN method in Bouzareah, Algeria K

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

210

RADIATION RESEARCH 162, 257263 (2004) 0033-7587/04 $15.00  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and could possibly be used as a biodosimeter to estimate both the dose and type of radiation exposure. The existence of a stable biomarker in the genome that is dose-dependent and radiation quality-specific would257 RADIATION RESEARCH 162, 257­263 (2004) 0033-7587/04 $15.00 2004 by Radiation Research Society

211

NETL: Global Environmental Benefits  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Environmental Benefits Global Environmental Benefits Gasification Systems Global Environmental Benefits Environmental performance for future energy production systems is a much greater factor as emission standards tighten in the United States and worldwide. The outstanding environmental performance of gasification systems makes it an excellent technology for the clean production of electricity and other products. In addition, the reduction of CO2 emissions is one of the major challenges facing industry in response to global climate change. Other countries with coal reserves might potentially import technologies developed in the United States to enable low-cost gasification with carbon capture and EOR or sequestration. Not only will this benefit the U.S. gasification technology industry, but it will also result in a global environmental benefit through more affordable control of greenhouse gases (GHGs). See the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) link below for a summary of the impact of fossil fuels without carbon capture on CO2 emissions, on the GHG contributions of different countries, and of the projected impact of developing countries to 2030:

212

The Global Historical Climatology Network: Long-Term Monthly Temperature,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Global Historical Climatology Network: Long-Term Monthly Temperature, The Global Historical Climatology Network: Long-Term Monthly Temperature, Precipitation, Sea Level Pressure, and Station Pressure Data (1992) (NDP-041) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp041 data Data PDF PDF File graphics NDP-041 Temperature Stations graphics NDP-041 Precipitation Stations Please note: the latest version of the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) is available directly from NOAA's National Climatic Data Center. Investigators R. S. Vose, R. L. Schmoyer, P. M. Steurer, T. C. Peterson, R. Heim, T. R. Karl, and J. K. Eischeid This NDP contains monthly temperature, precipitation, sea-level pressure, and station-pressure data for thousands of meteorological stations worldwide. The database was compiled from pre-existing national, regional, and global collections of data as part of the Global Historical Climatology

213

PNNL Global Energy Technology Strategy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Strategy Program Technology Strategy Program (Redirected from Global Energy Technology Strategy Program) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Energy Technology Strategy Program Name Global Energy Technology Strategy Program Agency/Company /Organization Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.pnl.gov/gtsp/ References Global Energy Technology Strategy Program [1] "Since its inception in 1998, the Global Energy Technology Strategy Program (GTSP) has been assessing the important roles that technology can play in effectively managing the long-term risks of climate change. This involves an integrated approach to fully exploring all aspects of climate change - including scientific, economic, regulatory, and social impacts - and then aligning new or existing technologies to mitigate negative consequences.[1]

214

The Tourism Global Value Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Tourism Global Value Chain ECONOMIC UPGRADING AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT Michelle Christian 2011 CENTER on GLOBALIZATION, GOVERNANCE & COMPETITIVENESS #12;The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic: November 17, 2011 #12;The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development i Table

Richardson, David

215

Original article Predicted global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Predicted global warming and Douglas-fir chilling requirements DD McCreary1 DP to predicted global warming. Douglas-fir / chilling / global warming / bud burst / reforestation Résumé offer evidence that mean global warming of 3-4 °C could occur within the next century, particularly

Boyer, Edmond

216

Principal Associate Director - Global Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Principal Associate Director - Global Security Principal Associate Director - Global Security As Principal Associate Director for Global Security, Wallace leads Laboratory programs with special focus on developing and applying the scientific and engineering capabilities to address complex national and global security threats. Contact Operator Los Alamos National Laboratory (505 667-5061 Wallace's expertise is forensic seismology, a highly specialized discipline focusing on detection and quantification of nuclear tests. Terry C. Wallace, Jr. Principal Associate Director for Global Security Terry C. Wallace, Jr., Principal Associate Director for Global Security As Principal Associate Director for Global Security, Wallace leads Laboratory programs with a focus on applying scientific and engineering capabilities

217

Increasing the Capacity of Existing Power Lines | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Increasing the Capacity of Existing Power Lines Increasing the Capacity of Existing Power Lines The capacity of the grid has been largely unchanged for decades and needs to expand...

218

global | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global global Dataset Summary Description GIS data for offshore wind speed (meters/second). Specified to Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).Wind resource based on NOAA blended sea winds and monthly wind speed at 30km resolution, using a 0.11 wind sheer to extrapolate 10m - 90m. Annual average >= 10 months of data, no nulls. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords GIS global NOAA NREL offshore wind wind speed Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 18.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Please cite NREL and NOAA Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

219

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronically Heated Multifamily Buildings, Cambridge, Massachusetts Building America Technology...

220

Existence and uniqueness of invariant measures for stochastic ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 29, 2014 ... d, yield the existence of an invariant measure for (1) using .... In the above, the ?k

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

PARALLEL COMPUTATIONS OF RADIATIVE HEAT TRANSFER USING THE DISCRETE ORDINATES METHOD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the radiative transport equation on parallel computers. Mathematical libraries developed by third parties the discrete ordi- nates method. They observed that the global nature of radiative transport resultedPARALLEL COMPUTATIONS OF RADIATIVE HEAT TRANSFER USING THE DISCRETE ORDINATES METHOD Gautham

Utah, University of

222

Existence Advertising, Price Competition, and Asymmetric Market Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Existence Advertising, Price Competition, and Asymmetric Market Structure B. Curtis Eaton Ian Mac static properties. We then examine the two stage game in which firms advertise their existence in stage 1 to the two stage game is asymmetric, and far from the Bertrand equilibrium. Keywords: Existence advertising

Hickman, Mark

223

Explicit global integrators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be advantageous. For this purpose, forward interpolation utilizing Radau Quadrature will be employed. An explicit method of global integration has been developed to estimate a solution to a differential equation. A set of functions P (x), P (x), , P (x) and a... set of points n+1 x , x , , x can be found such that n+1 r x n+1 f(u)du = g P. (x)i'(x. ) 0 i=1 for all x when f(u) is a polynomial of degree n or less. The above process is described by Axelsson as global integration. In . th the cases...

Merriam, Robert Stevens

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

224

220 Communications of the Association for Information Systems (Volume 13, 2004)220-232 The Australian Produce Co-Operative; A Global Information Systems Project by H. Lehmann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is intertwined with the pre-existing politically charged environment that characterizes the global firm. Further an international information system as it follows APCO's global system development. It shows the difficulties systems implementation, multinational companies, politics in multinational companies, international

Bieber, Michael

225

Global warming potentials and radiative efficiencies of halocarbons and related  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Fuglestvedt1 , G. Marston3 , G. Myhre1 , C. J. Nielsen4 ,4 K. P. Shine2 , T. J. Wallington5 5 1 Center

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

226

In-Situ Radiation Detection Demonstration Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Defense (DoD) has hundreds of facilities where radioactive materials have been used or are being used, including firing ranges, low-level radioactive waste disposal areas, and areas where past activities have resulted in environmental contamination. Affected sites range in size from a few acres to square miles. Impact to the DoD comes through military base closure and release to the public. It is important that radioactive contaminants are remediated to levels that result in acceptable risk to the public. Remediation requires characterization studies, e.g., sampling and surveys, to define the affected areas, removal actions, and final confirmatory sampling and surveys. Characterization of surface contamination concentrations has historically been performed using extensive soil sampling programs in conjunction with surface radiation surveys conducted with hand-held radiation monitoring equipment. Sampling is required within the suspect affected area and a large buffer area. Surface soil contaminant characterization using soil sampling and hand held monitoring are costly, time consuming, and result in long delays between submission of samples for analysis and obtaining of final results. This project took an existing, proven radiation survey technology that has had limited exposure and improved its capabilities by documenting correlation factors for various detector/radionuclide geometries that commonly occur in field surveys. With this tool, one can perform characterization and final release surveys much more quickly than is currently possible, and have detection limits that are as good as or better than current technology. This paper will discuss the capabilities of a large area plastic scintillation detector used in conjunction with a global positioning system (GPS) to improve site characterization, remediation, and final clearance surveys of the radioactively contaminated site. Survey results can rapidly identify areas that require remediation as well as guide surgical removal of contaminated soil that is above remediation guidelines. Post-remediation surveys can document that final radiological site conditions are within the remedial action limits.

MOHAGHEGHI,AMIR H.; REESE,ROBERT; MILLER,DAVID R.; MILLER,MARK LAVERNE; DUCE,STEPHEN

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Global observations and spectral characteristics of desert dust and biomass burning aerosols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quantity, but a radiation difference in the UV. Its main advantages are its insensitivity to scattering in climate physics today is the effect of aerosols on the global energy budget. The amount and sign of the effect of aerosols on the incoming solar radiation are unknown and produce a large uncertainty

Graaf, Martin de

228

Radiating gravastars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Considering a Vaidya exterior spacetime, we study dynamical models of prototype gravastars, made of an infinitely thin spherical shell of a perfect fluid with the equation of state p = ?, enclosing an interior de Sitter spacetime. We show explicitly that the final output can be a black hole, an unstable gravastar, a stable gravastar or a 'bounded excursion' gravastar, depending on how the mass of the shell evolves in time, the cosmological constant and the initial position of the dynamical shell. This work presents, for the first time in the literature, a gravastar that emits radiation.

Chan, R. [Coordenao de Astronomia e Astrofsica, Observatrio Nacional, Rua General Jos Cristino, 77, So Cristvo 20921-400, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Silva, M.F.A. da [Departamento de Fsica Terica, Instituto de Fsica, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua So Francisco Xavier 524, Maracan 20550-900, Rio de Janeiro - RJ (Brazil); Rocha, Jaime F. Villas da [Instituto de Biocincias, Departamento de Cincias Naturais, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Pasteur 458, Urca, CEP 22290-240, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Wang, Anzhong, E-mail: chan@on.br, E-mail: mfasnic@gmail.com, E-mail: jfvroch@pq.cnpq.br, E-mail: anzhong_wang@baylor.edu [GCAP-CASPER, Department of Physics, Baylor University, Waco, TX 76798 (United States)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Global Biodiversity Conservation Priorities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Biodiversity Conservation Priorities T. M. Brooks,1,2,3 * R. A. Mittermeier,1 G. A. B. da is essential to minimize biodiversity loss. To address this need, biodiversity conservation organizations have conservation funding. H uman actions are causing a biodiversity crisis, with species extinction rates up

Wilmers, Chris

230

Global Lightning Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flash Rate Global distribution of lightning from a combined nine years of observations of the NASA OTDGlobal Lightning Observations #12;Optical Transient Detector ( launched April, 1995 ) Lightning Imaging Sensor ( launched November, 1997 ) Lightning Detection from Low Earth Orbit #12;LIS on TRMM #12

California at Berkeley, University of

231

global warming's six americas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicles & Solar Panels 23 Regulating CO2 as a Pollutant 24 A 20 Percent National Renewable Energy Standard the spring and fall of 2012. Perceived Benefits and Costs of Reducing Fossil Fuel Use and Global Warming Introduction 5 The Six Americas Audience Segments 6 Changes in the Size of Segments 7 Perceived Benefits

Haller, Gary L.

232

Patterns in Global Hydrothermal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Patterns in Global Hydrothermal Activity noaa ocean exploration Presenter: Edward T. Baker #12) High-T vents High = hydrothermal discharge Low = active or inactive discharge sites B. Davy, GNS NZ #12 Lc(km) #12;Future Directions Quantify processes: ·Employ or develop new technologies (AUVs, solid

233

Vaccines and global health  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...been an appropriate, rational process for global priority setting...recs/acip/downloads/mtg-slides-oct10/02-3-mening-CostEffect...comparing choices is found, the process of new vaccine introduction...antigen through the complicated process from first identification to...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Global Health Seminar Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bay Area Global Health Seminar Series Monday, January 27, 2014 2:30pm ­ 4:00pm (Reception to follow at the Center for Health Policy and the Woods Institute for the Environment. He studies how economic, political, and natural environments affect population health in developing countries using a mix of experimental

Klein, Ophir

235

Natural and Radiation Carcinogenesis in Man. III. Radiation Carcinogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mice. NATURAL AND RADIATION CARCINOGENESIS IN MAN. 3. RADIATION CARCINOGENESIS. | Journal Article | Japan Neoplasms etiology Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced Radiation Genetics | JAPAN NEOPLASM ETIOLOGY NEOPLASMS, RADIATION-INDUCED RADIATION...

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Life Cycle Assessment of Pavements: A Critical Review of Existing Literature and Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Embodied Primary Energy and Global Warming Potential. CementEmbodied Primary Energy and Global Warming PotentialEmbodied Primary Energy and Global Warming Potential Canada

Santero, Nicholas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Adaptors for radiation detectors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Described herein are adaptors and other devices for radiation detectors that can be used to make accurate spectral measurements of both small and large bulk sources of radioactivity, such as building structures, soils, vessels, large equipment, and liquid bodies. Some exemplary devices comprise an adaptor for a radiation detector, wherein the adaptor can be configured to collimate radiation passing through the adapter from an external radiation source to the radiation detector and the adaptor can be configured to enclose a radiation source within the adapter to allow the radiation detector to measure radiation emitted from the enclosed radiation source.

Livesay, Ronald Jason

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

238

Radiation Safety  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Brotherhood of Locomotive Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers & Trainmen Scott Palmer BLET Radiation Safety Officer New Hire Training New Hire study topics * GCOR * ABTH * SSI * Employee Safety * HazMat * Railroad terminology * OJT * 15-week class * Final test Hazardous Materials * Initial new-hire training * Required by OSHA * No specified class length * Open book test * Triennial module Locomotive Engineer Training A little bit older...a little bit wiser... * Typically 2-4 years' seniority * Pass-or-get-fired promotion * Intensive program * Perpetually tested to a higher standard * 20 Weeks of training * 15 of that is OJT * General Code of Operating Rules * Air Brake & Train Handling * System Special Instructions * Safety Instructions * Federal Regulations * Locomotive Simulators * Test Ride * Pass test with 90% Engineer Recertification

239

PAR solar radiation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PAR solar radiation PAR solar radiation Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Mean values of PAR Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day for 40km cells for 1 year (month, season, year) based on data from 1995 to 2005 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders Source INPE (National Institute for Spatial Research) and LABSOLAR (Laboratory of Solar Energy/Federal University of Santa Catarina) - Brazil Date Released August 05th, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated August 05th, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords INPE LABSOLAR PAR solar radiation renewable energy South America SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 977.7 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1.8 MiB)

240

Soil Moisture Memory in AGCM Simulations: Analysis of Global LandAtmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soil moisture memory is a key aspect of landatmosphere interaction and has major implications for seasonal forecasting. Because of a severe lack of soil moisture observations on most continents, existing analyses of global-scale soil moisture ...

Sonia I. Seneviratne; Randal D. Koster; Zhichang Guo; Paul A. Dirmeyer; Eva Kowalczyk; David Lawrence; Ping Liu; David Mocko; Cheng-Hsuan Lu; Keith W. Oleson; Diana Verseghy

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems Existing software systems often represent significant investments and play important roles in the every day businesses of organizations. To meet current and future operational needs, organizations need to plan how best to address these support issues. Some of the issues to consider are presented in this document with references to related standards for further detailed examination. Two tutorials, one based on software maintenance and another detailing a baseline recovery strategy are included Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems More Documents & Publications Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems Software Quality: A Guide to Responsibilities and Resources, SQAS

242

Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems | Department of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Assurance Control of Existing Systems Assurance Control of Existing Systems Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems Existing software systems often represent significant investments and play important roles in the every day businesses of organizations. To meet current and future operational needs, organizations need to plan how best to address these support issues. Some of the issues to consider are presented in this document with references to related standards for further detailed examination. Two tutorials, one based on software maintenance and another detailing a baseline recovery strategy are included Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems More Documents & Publications Software Quality Assurance Control of Existing Systems Software Quality: A Guide to Responsibilities and Resources, SQAS

243

On Global Structure of Hadronic Total Cross-Sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple theoretical formula describing the global structure of pp and p\\bar p total cross-secrions in the whole range of energies available up today has been derived. The fit to the experimental data with the formula has been made. It is shown that there is a very good correspondence of the theoretical formula to the existing experimental data.

A. A. Arkhipov

2001-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

244

Shared Signals: Using Existing Facility Meters for Energy Savings Verification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy conservation projects. (2) These guidelines provide monitoring and verification options that have different levels of accuracy and cost. They are specifically designed for energy savings performance contracts and are designed to provide... with a fair degree of accuracy. The costs of using existing meters are often not as clear. Obviously, if an existing meter is used, the costs of purchasing new metering equipment is avoided. However, using an existing meter is not free of costs...

McBride, J. R.; Bohmer, C. J.; Price, S. D.; Carlson, K.; Lopez, J.

245

Global Insight Energy Group  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Outlook Outlook Mary Novak Managing Director IHS Global Insight Copyright © 2010 IHS Global Insight, Inc. Overview: Energy Sector Transformation Underway * The recession has hit energy demand hard, and aggregate energy demand is not expected to return to 2007 levels until 2018. * Oil and natural gas prices will both rise over the long-term, but the price trends will diverge with natural gas prices rising slowly due to the development of shale gas. * This forecast does not include a GHG cap-and-trade program. However, it is assumed that there will be continued improvement in equipment, appliance and building efficiencies that will reduce carbon emissions relative to past projections. * The forecast also includes the more than 30 state- level programs to increase efficiency and reduce

246

International Health Global Health Policy--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

50 International Health Global Health Policy-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- http://www.ghp.m.u-tokyo.ac.jp Our mission is to improve population health by enhancing accountability and improving evidence base of global (both domestic and international) health programmes through the provision

Miyashita, Yasushi

247

Emergency Management Concepts, Existing Guidance, and Changes | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emergency Management Concepts, Existing Guidance, and Changes Emergency Management Concepts, Existing Guidance, and Changes Emergency Management Concepts, Existing Guidance, and Changes Wednesday, September 19 Presenter: David Freshwater, Emergency Management Specialist, Office of Emergency Management, National Nuclear Security Administration Topics Covered: Emergency Management is last line of defense - have to consider when safety controls fail Longstanding consideration and analysis of "beyond design basis" Since 1991, Emergency Planning Hazards Assessments have analyzed a spectrum of events ◦ Low consequence/High probability ◦ High consequence/Low probability Have not had a "firm" upper bound Emergency Management Concepts, Existing Guidance, and Changes More Documents & Publications Summary of Emergency Management Results from Pilot Evaluations

248

New York City - Energy Conservation Requirements for Existing Buildings |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New York City - Energy Conservation Requirements for Existing New York City - Energy Conservation Requirements for Existing Buildings New York City - Energy Conservation Requirements for Existing Buildings < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State New York Program Type Building Energy Code Provider New York City Mayor's Office of Operations In December 2009 the New York City Council enacted a series of bills intended to improve the energy efficiency of existing buildings in the city. Each of the four bills addresses a different aspect of improving energy efficiency in the city's buildings as follows: energy conservation

249

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Retrofit Integrated Space and Water Heating-Field Assessment Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Retrofit Integrated Space and Water Heating-Field...

250

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Performance of a Heat Pump Water Heater in the Hot-Humid Climate, Windermere, Florida (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Performance of...

251

Building America Technlogy Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Improving the Field Performance of Natural Gas Furnaces, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet) Building America Technlogy Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Improving the Field...

252

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Optimizing Hydronic System Performance in Residential Applications, Ithaca, New York (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Optimizing...

253

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

for Indoor Air (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Combustion Safety Using Appliances for Indoor Air (Fact Sheet) In this case study,...

254

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes Building America Technology Solutions...

255

Building America Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of 1915 Home, Dayton, Washington Building America Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case Study: Retrofit of 1915 Home, Dayton, Washington This case study lists project...

256

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Applying...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Applying Best Practices to Florida Local Government Retrofit Programs - Central Florida (Fact Sheet) Building America...

257

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Project Overcoat: Airtightness Strategies and Impacts for 1 12-Story Homes, Minneapolis, Minnesota Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Project...

258

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Florida (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Duct in Conditioned Space in a Dropped Ceiling or Fur-down, Gainesville, Florida...

259

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Florida (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Buried and Encapsulated Ducts, Jacksonville, Florida (Fact Sheet) In a study of three...

260

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Management of High-R Walls Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Moisture Management of High-R Walls This project by building Science Corporation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Optimizing Hydronic System Performance in Residential Applications (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and...

262

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Smyrna, Florida (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Raised Ceiling Interior Duct System, New Smyrna, Florida (Fact Sheet) This project...

263

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Capillary Break Beneath a Slab: Polyethylene Sheeting over Aggregate, Southwestern Pennsylvania (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes:...

264

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Multifamily...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Multifamily Individual Heating and Ventilation Systems Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Multifamily Individual Heating and Ventilation Systems The...

265

Building America Technlogy Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Sheet) Building America Technlogy Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Interior Foundation Insulation Upgrade - Madison Residence (Fact Sheet) This basement insulation project...

266

Building America Technlogy Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Sheet) Building America Technlogy Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Interior Foundation Insulation Upgrade - Minneapolis Residence (Fact Sheet) This interior foundation...

267

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cold Climate Foundation Wall Hygrothermal Research Facility (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Cold Climate Foundation Wall Hygrothermal...

268

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

for New and Existing Homes: Impact of Infiltration and Ventilation on Measured Space Conditioning Energy and Moisture Levels in the Hot-Humid Climate This project investigates...

269

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Replacing Resistance Heating with Mini-Split Heat Pumps Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Replacing Resistance Heating with Mini-Split Heat Pumps In...

270

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

& Publications Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Steam System Balancing and Tuning for Multifamily Residential Buildings, Chicago, Illinois...

271

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Islip...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Islip Housing Authority Energy Efficiency Turnover Protocols, Islip, New York Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Islip Housing Authority Energy Efficiency...

272

Existing PON Infrastructure Supported Hybrid Fiber-Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a hybrid fiber wireless sensor network based on the existing PON infrastructure. The feasibility of remote sensing and PON convergence is experimentally proven by...

Yu, Xianbin; Zhao, Ying; Deng, Lei; Pang, Xiaodan; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso

273

NREL: Wind Research - New Report Characterizes Existing Offshore...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Report Characterizes Existing Offshore Wind Grid Interconnection Capabilities Study concludes a three-year collaborative investigation with positive outlooks for U.S.-based...

274

Environmental Impacts of Increased Hydroelectric Development at Existing Dams  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report describes the environmental impacts of a proposed U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) initiative to promote the development of hydropower resources at existing dams.

275

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Inverted...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Solutions for Existing Homes: Inverted Attic Bulkhead for HVAC Ductwork This occupied test home received a modified truss system to accommodate ductwork within an inverted...

276

Opportunities for Achieving Significant Energy Reduction in Existing University Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Opportunities for Achieving Significant Energy Reduction in Existing University Buildings Committee Larry Valles, Lab Manager, Biology #12;Building Energy Use by FuelCharles River Campus 20052007

Hutyra, Lucy R.

277

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Replacement, Variable-Speed Motors for Furnaces, Syracuse, New York, (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Replacement, Variable-Speed...

278

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Ventilation Strategies in New Construction Multifamily Buildings, New York, New York (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Evaluation of...

279

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Field Testing of Compartmentalization Methods for Multifamily Construction Building America Technology Solutions for New and...

280

Building America Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Solutions for Existing Homes Case Study: Habitat for Humanity South Sarasota County, Venice, Florida DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Southeast Volusia Habitat for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Building America Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

South Sarasota County, Venice, Florida Building America Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case Study: Habitat for Humanity South Sarasota County, Venice, Florida PNNL and...

282

Geography of Existing and Potential Alternative Fuel Markets...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

ones. However, repeated exposure to high ambient temperatures reduces battery life (Smith et al. 2012). Currently, no data yet exist to definitively characterize the impacts of...

283

An Inverse Source Location Algorithm for Radiation Portal Monitor Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation portal monitors are being deployed at border crossings throughout the world to prevent the smuggling of nuclear and radiological materials; however, a tension exists between security and the free-flow of commerce. Delays at ports...

Miller, Karen Ann

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

284

Reception of longitudinal vector potential radiation with a plasma antenna  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To help resolve the long-running debate between physicists and engineers regarding the existence of the magnetic vector potential, herewith we describe an experiment demonstrating reception of time-harmonic vector potential radiation at 1.3 GHz.

Zimmerman, Robert K. Jr. [Sigma Space Corporation, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States)] [Sigma Space Corporation, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States)

2013-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

285

Global Health: Disease Eradication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...have been considered as potential candidates for eradication, but the World Health Organization (WHO) has targeted only two other diseases for global eradication after smallpox. In 1986, WHO's policymaking body, the World Health Assembly, adopted the elimination of dracunculiasis (guinea worm disease)... The most cost-effective intervention for certain infectious diseases is to eliminate them entirely. This article reviews the characteristics of potentially eradicable diseases and surveys current eradication methods.

Hopkins D.R.

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

286

Is an Alternative Globalization Possible?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Democracy. 94. Amartya Sen, Development as Freedom (trump card. Recently, Amartya Sens capability approach 94

Evans, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Radon control systems in existing and new construction: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the preferred approach is to design the HVAC system for building pressurisation, install...Agency etc. International basic safety standards for protection against ionising radiation...Title VII of the European Basic Safety Standards Directive (BSS) concerning significant......

Naureen Mahbub Rahman; Bliss L. Tracy

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

2, 183201, 2005 Global terrestrial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1997). According to Watts (2000) and Kettle et al. (2002) total global sources and sinks are balancedBGD 2, 183­201, 2005 Global terrestrial COS sink strength L. Sandoval-Soto et al. Title Page Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of Biogeosciences Global uptake of carbonyl sulfide (COS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

4, 10591092, 2007 Global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BGD 4, 1059­1092, 2007 Global warming potential of agro-ecosystems S. Lehuger et al. Title Page Predicting the global warming potential of agro-ecosystems S. Lehuger, B. Gabrielle, E. Larmanou, P. Laville Correspondence to: S. Lehuger (simon.lehuger@grignon.inra.fr) 1059 #12;BGD 4, 1059­1092, 2007 Global warming

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

290

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT AND YOUR FAMILY'S CONTRIBUTION TO IT Stephen E. Schwartz GREENHOUSE EFFECT #12;GLOBAL ENERGY BALANCE Global and annual average energy fluxes in watts per square meter about it.But nobody does anything about it. ­ Mark Twain­ Mark Twain Now with the greenhouse effect, we

Schwartz, Stephen E.

291

Thinking about global climate change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Opinions regarding issues related to global climate change are presented. The focus is on socioeconomic and historical aspects. World War II is discussed as an intellectual and emotional turning point in global issues, and global climate change is identified as a possible turning point of similar significance. Political, scientific, and public points of view regarding the issue are discussed.

Russell, M. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

292

Can Reducing Black Carbon Emissions Counteract Global Warming?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Can Reducing Black Carbon Emissions Counteract Global Warming? ... It has been known for over 30 years that aerosols affect the Earth's radiative balance:? reflective particles (such as sulfates) have a cooling effect, and light-absorbing particles (such as BC) warm the system (3). ... Although Figure 3 shows many of the high-emitting devices that contribute most to global BC concentrations, much of the world's fuel is burned in low-emitting technologies such as pulverized coal burners and gasoline vehicles with current technology. ...

Tami C. Bond; Haolin Sun

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

293

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation Ann E. Carlson*2008]HEAT WAVES, GLOBAL WARMING, AND MITIGATION 175 stroke2001). 2008]HEAT WAVES, GLOBAL WARMING, AND MITIGATION 177

Carlson, Ann E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Global Warming, endogenous risk and irreversibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The economics of global warming, Institute for InternationalEconomic Models of Global Warming, Cambridge, Mass. MITstochastic losses from global warming, Risk Analysis 16(2):

Fisher, Anthony C.; Narain, Urvashi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases Jump to: navigation, search Name Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases Agency/Company /Organization United States Department of Agriculture Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://globalresearchalliance. References Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases [1] Background "The Alliance is a bottom-up network, founded on the voluntary, collaborative efforts of countries. It will coordinate research on agricultural greenhouse gas emission reductions by linking up existing and new research efforts across a range of sub-sectors and work areas. It will

296

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Excavationless: Exterior-Side Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes (Fact Sheet)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This project describes an innovative, minimally invasive building foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home that uses hydrovac excavation technology combined with a liquid insulating foam.

297

Nuclear radiation electronic gear  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear radiation electronic gear ... Examines the line of nuclear radiation instrumentation offered by Nuclear-Chicago Corporation and Victoreen Instrument Company. ... Nuclear / Radiochemistry ...

S. Z. Lewin

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Radiation Control (Virginia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Health is responsible for regulating radiation and radioactive materials in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Although the Department's Radiation Control Program primarily focuses on...

299

Adding Insulation to an Existing Home | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Adding Insulation to an Existing Home Adding Insulation to an Existing Home Adding Insulation to an Existing Home May 23, 2013 - 1:44pm Addthis Adding insulation in an existing home saves money and improves comfort. | Photo courtesy of Dennis Schroeder, NREL. Adding insulation in an existing home saves money and improves comfort. | Photo courtesy of Dennis Schroeder, NREL. What does this mean for me? Adding insulation to your home saves money and improves comfort. Adding insulation to your home is a sound investment that is likely pay for itself quickly in reduced utility bills. Insulation inhibits heat flow through the building envelope of your home, saving money and improving comfort. Unless your home was specially constructed for energy efficiency, you can probably reduce your energy bills by adding more insulation. Many older

300

An Overview of Existing Wind Energy Ordinances | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Existing Wind Energy Ordinances Existing Wind Energy Ordinances Jump to: navigation, search Name An Overview of Existing Wind Energy Ordinances Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Focus Area People and Policy, Economic Development Phase Create a Vision, Develop Finance and Implement Projects Resource Type Templates Availability Publicly available--Free Publication Date 2008/12/01 Website http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy09o Locality Communities in Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Utah References An Overview of Existing Wind Energy Ordinances[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Highlights 3 Environmental Aspects 4 References Overview This document provides a summary of existing wind energy ordinances that provides a foundation for state and local governments and policymakers when

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Alternative Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using Existing Cng  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using Existing Cng Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using Existing Cng Infrastructure Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Alternative Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using Existing Cng Infrastructure Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Optimal locations of renewable energy sources are often remote relative to consumers and electricity grids. In contrast, some existing CNG pipelines pass through optimal renewable energy harvesting regions. The growing interest in the possibility of using geothermal energy in central Australia has created a need to assess the economic, technical, and environmental viability of converting remote renewable energy to fuel for transport using existing CNG pipelines, and to compare this alternative

302

A New Appraisal of Radiation Genetics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... forty years of its existence, radiation genetics has developed into a vast field with many interrelated, specialist areas devoted to physical, chemical, genetical and cytological analysis of the action ... culminates in the conclusion that "the discovery of the purely material nature of the complex processes of life" is ''one of the major landmarks in the history of dialectical ...

CHARLOTTE AUERBACH

1965-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

303

Despite increasing transportation related activities on rangelands globally, few tools exist for assessing and monitoring impacts of roads, road  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and management but located far from roads and trails. No modification (careful of buried pipelines). See belowPenetrometer3 Qualitative assessment designed to capture how road is altering landscape hydrology where transect crosses road for later splitting of points on and off travel way. Gap intercept2 Collect

304

Study Climate and Global Change  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

What We Study How We Study Prepare The Nation For Change Assess the U.S. Climate Make Our Science Accessible Link Climate Change & Health Provide Data and Tools Coordinate Internationally Study Climate and Global Change Print E-mail Deforestation What is global change? "Global change" refers to changes in the global environment that may alter the capacity of the Earth to sustain life. This includes alterations in: Climate Land productivity Oceans or other water resources Atmospheric chemistry Ecological systems Demographic and socioeconomic trends What is global change research? According to the Global Change Research Act of 1990, "Global change research" refers to the study, monitoring, assessment, prediction, and information management activities used to describe and understand the:

305

Global Scratch Upgrade in Progress  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Scratch Gets Global Scratch Gets an Upgrade Global Scratch Gets an Upgrade Improvements Will Include Higher Data Output Rates, Connection to PDSF October 29, 2013 The most used file system at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)-global scratch-just got an upgrade. As a result, some users may see their data output to global scratch reach up to 80 gigabytes per second. Although users will probably not see their 20-terabyte storage quotas increase, the upgrade ensures that global scratch remains flexible and paves the way for PDSF to eventually use the file system Because of the upgrade, users will also be able to better access their temporary data files or "scratch data" from any NERSC system, not just the one that generated it. Prior to the upgrade, Global scratch typically

306

Low Dose Radiation Program: Radiation Biology and the Radiation Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biology and the Radiation Research Program Biology and the Radiation Research Program The Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor organizations, Energy Research and Development Agency (ERDA) and Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), always have been concerned about the health effects of ionizing radiation. Extensive research has been conducted under their sponsorship at all levels of biological organization from molecules to man. Over the past 60 years, studies using every type of radiation source have included exposure to both external radiation sources and to internally deposited radioactive materials. These exposures used different dose patterns and distributions delivered over a wide range of experimental times. This extensive research provided the basis for the new Low Dose Radiation Research Program, linking

307

The Global Energy Challenge  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The expected doubling of global energy demand by 2050 challenges our traditional patterns of energy production, distribution and use. The continued use of fossil fuels raises concerns about supply, security, environment and climate. New routes are needed for the efficient conversion of energy from chemical fuel, sunlight, and heat to electricity or hydrogen as an energy carrier and finally to end uses like transportation, lighting, and heating. Opportunities for efficient new energy conversion routes based on nanoscale materials will be presented, with emphasis on the sustainable energy technologies they enable.

George Crabtree

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

308

The Global Energy Challenge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The expected doubling of global energy demand by 2050 challenges our traditional patterns of energy production, distribution and use. The continued use of fossil fuels raises concerns about supply, security, environment and climate. New routes are needed for the efficient conversion of energy from chemical fuel, sunlight, and heat to electricity or hydrogen as an energy carrier and finally to end uses like transportation, lighting, and heating. Opportunities for efficient new energy conversion routes based on nanoscale materials will be presented, with emphasis on the sustainable energy technologies they enable.

George Crabtree

2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

309

NIPSCO - Existing Facility Retrofit Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NIPSCO - Existing Facility Retrofit Rebate Program NIPSCO - Existing Facility Retrofit Rebate Program NIPSCO - Existing Facility Retrofit Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Contact NIPSCO $500,000 per project per year $1,000,000 per applicant per year Program Info Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Other Projects: $0.09/kWh in electricity reductions Energize Indiana Rebates: Varies widely Provider

310

EWEB - Existing Facilities Energy Efficiency Rebate Program | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EWEB - Existing Facilities Energy Efficiency Rebate Program EWEB - Existing Facilities Energy Efficiency Rebate Program EWEB - Existing Facilities Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Heating Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate See Program Catalog Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: Varies Widely Office Equipment: Varies Widely Air Conditioner (Non-Electric): $60 - $115/ton Air-Source Heat Pump: $60 - $220/ton Ductless Heat Pump: $100 - $220/ton Small Business Ductless Heat Pump: $750 - $1,000 Western Premium Economizer: $125/ton Programmable Thermostat: $25 - $100

311

Diverse Power - Energy Efficient Existing Homes Rebate Program (Georgia) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Homes Rebate Program Existing Homes Rebate Program (Georgia) Diverse Power - Energy Efficient Existing Homes Rebate Program (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Georgia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Electric Heat Pump: $100/system Gas to Electric Heat Pump Switch: $300 Dual Fuel Heat Pump: $250/system Geothermal Heat Pump: $250/ton Electric Water Heaters: $75 - $150/unit Gas to Electric Water Heater Switch: $300 - $500 Waste Heat Recovery Unit: $250/house Provider Diverse Power Diverse Power is a member-owned electric cooperative that provides electric

312

Coherent Synchrotron Radiation: Theory and Simulations.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physics of coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) emitted by ultra-relativistic electron bunches, known since the last century, has become increasingly important with the development of high peak current free electron lasers and shorter bunch lengths in storage rings. Coherent radiation can be described as a low frequency part of the familiar synchrotron radiation in bending magnets. As this part is independent of the electron energy, the fields of different electrons of a short bunch can be in phase and the total power of the radiation will be quadratic with the number of electrons. Naturally the frequency spectrum of the longitudinal electron distribution in a bunch is of the same importance as the overall electron bunch length. The interest in the utilization of high power radiation from the terahertz and far infrared region in the field of chemical, physical and biological processes has led synchrotron radiation facilities to pay more attention to the production of coherent radiation. Several laboratories have proposed the construction of a facility wholly dedicated to terahertz production using the coherent radiation in bending magnets initiated by the longitudinal instabilities in the ring. Existing synchrotron radiation facilities also consider such a possibility among their future plans. There is a beautiful introduction to CSR in the 'ICFA Beam Dynamics Newsletter' N 35 (Editor C. Biscari). In this paper we recall the basic properties of CSR from the theory and what new effects, we can get from the precise simulations of the coherent radiation using numerical solutions of Maxwell's equations. In particular, transverse variation of the particle energy loss in a bunch, discovered in these simulations, explains the slice emittance growth in bending magnets of the bunch compressors and transverse de-coherence in undulators. CSR may play same the role as the effect of quantum fluctuations of synchrotron radiation in damping rings. It can limit the minimum achievable emittance in the synchrotron light sources for short bunches.

Novokhatski, Alexander; /SLAC

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

313

Red shift in spectra of galaxies as a consequence of gravitational radiation of the same level as electromagnetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In elaboration of the results presented earlier the red shift is also regarded in this investigation as a widening of electromagnetic radiation spectra, determined by the existence of gravitational radiation of a banded spectrum of the same level as electromagnetic.

S. I. Fisenko; I. S. Fisenko

2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

314

Trend in Global Black Carbon Emissions from 1960 to 2007  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Black carbon (BC) warms the Earth system by absorbing sunlight and emitting infrared radiation, and by decreasing the ice/snow albedo. ... (2, 3) Therefore, any efforts to reduce BC emission can lead to the dual benefit of slowing down global warming and of protecting human health. ... This work measured PM (EFPM) and EC (EFEC) EF for 9 crop residues and 5 coals in actual rural cooking and coal stoves using the C mass balance method. ...

Rong Wang; Shu Tao; Huizhong Shen; Ye Huang; Han Chen; Yves Balkanski; Olivier Boucher; Philippe Ciais; Guofeng Shen; Wei Li; Yanyan Zhang; Yuanchen Chen; Nan Lin; Shu Su; Bengang Li; Junfeng Liu; Wenxin Liu

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

315

Radiation hydrodynamic instability in a plane-parallel, super-Eddington atmosphere: A mechanism for clump formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......reason is found in the anti-correlation diagram between the gas pressure and the radiation...performed two-dimensional global radiation-MHD simulations of supercritical accretion...fact, neither our RHD nor radiation-MHD simulations found an anti-correlation......

Shun Takeuchi; Ken Ohsuga; Shin Mineshige

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Observed reductions of surface solar radiation at Sites in the United States and worldwide from 1961 to 1990  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and there is room for further improvement (World Climate Research Programme, 1991). 2. All Sky Solar Radiation Here I use a new quality-tested global database of monthly mean surface solar radiation time seriesObserved reductions of surface solar radiation at Sites in the United States and worldwide from

317

Feasibility Study of Hydrogen Production at Existing Nuclear Power Plants |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Feasibility Study of Hydrogen Production at Existing Nuclear Power Feasibility Study of Hydrogen Production at Existing Nuclear Power Plants Feasibility Study of Hydrogen Production at Existing Nuclear Power Plants A funding opportunity announcement of the cost shared feasibility studies of nuclear energy based production of hydrogen using available technology. The objective of this activity is to select and conduct project(s) that will utilize hydrogen production equipment and nuclear energy as necessary to produce data and analysis on the economics of hydrogen production with nuclear energy. Feasibility Study of Hydrogen Production at Existing Nuclear Power Plants More Documents & Publications https://e-center.doe.gov/iips/faopor.nsf/UNID/E67E46185A67EBE68 Microsoft Word - FOA cover sheet.doc Microsoft Word - hDE-FOA-0000092.rtf

318

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 The files on this page contain commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. These U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reference buildings are complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis. You can also return to a summary of building types and climate zones and information about other building vintages. These files are updated regularly. There are two versions of these files on this page. Version 1.3_5.0 was updated September 27, 2010 and Version 1.4_7.2 was updated November 13, 2012. You can also view related resources: an archive of past reference buildings files

319

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. Archived Reference Buildings Building Type Version 1.2_4.0 updated 3/12/10 Large office (ZIP 2.3 MB) Medium office (ZIP 2.2 MB) Small office (ZIP 1.4 MB) Warehouse (ZIP 980 KB) Stand-alone retail (ZIP 2 MB) Strip mall (ZIP 2.3 MB) Primary school (ZIP 2.7 MB) Secondary school (ZIP 3.9 MB) Supermarket (ZIP 2.2 MB) Quick service restaurant (ZIP 1.1 MB) Full service restaurant

320

DOE Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules DOE Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules On January 18, 2011, the President issued Executive Order 13563, "Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review," to ensure that Federal regulations seek more affordable, less intrusive means to achieve policy goals, and that agencies give careful consideration to the benefits and costs of those regulations. Executive Order 13563 recognizes the importance of maintaining a consistent culture of retrospective review and analysis throughout the executive branch. To that end, Executive Order 13563 requires agencies, by May 18, 2011, to develop a plan for review of their existing significant regulations. DOE_05_18_2011.pdf More Documents & Publications

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Expert Meeting Report: Windows Options for New and Existing Homes |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Windows Options for New and Existing Homes Windows Options for New and Existing Homes Expert Meeting Report: Windows Options for New and Existing Homes The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership held an Expert Meeting on Windows Options for New and Existing Homes on November 14, 2011 at the Nolte Building on the campus of the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, MN. Featured speakers included John Carmody and Pat Huelman of the University of Minnesota, Charlie Curcija of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Jim Larson of Cardinal Glass Industries, Peter Yost of Building Green, Peter Baker of Building Science Corporation, and Theresa Weston of Du Pont Innovations. Audience participation was actively encouraged during each presentation to uncover need and promote dialog among researchers and

322

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 - Archive Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 - Archive Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. Archived Reference Buildings Building Type Version 1.2_4.0 updated 3/12/10 Large office (ZIP 2.3 MB) Medium office (ZIP 2.2 MB) Small office (ZIP 1.4 MB) Warehouse (ZIP 980 KB) Stand-alone retail (ZIP 2 MB) Strip mall (ZIP 2.3 MB) Primary school (ZIP 2.7 MB) Secondary school (ZIP 3.9 MB) Supermarket (ZIP 2.2 MB) Quick service restaurant (ZIP 1.1 MB)

323

Seismic Analysis of Existing Facilties and Evaluation of Risk...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

* Condition assessment of existing facility should be undertaken if evidence of corrosion is significant 10222008 p. 7, LA-UR 11-06024 DSA Scope PMF Comparison 0 0.2 0.4...

324

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Air-to-Water Heat Pumps with Radiant Delivery in Low Load Homes (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Air-to-Water Heat Pumps with Radiant...

325

Making existing production systems Industry 4.0-ready  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach to how existing production systems that are not Industry 4.0-ready can be expanded to participate in an Industry 4.0 factory. Within this paper, a concept ... systems can be discov...

Jan Schlechtendahl; Matthias Keinert; Felix Kretschmer

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Existence and stability of curved multidimensional detonation fronts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Existence and stability of curved multidimensional detonation fronts N. Costanzino , H. K. Jenssen of curved detonation fronts 32 7.1 ZND fronts of strong detonations in the two most commonly studied inviscid models of combustion, the ZND (finite

327

EXISTENCE OF SOLUTIONS TO A NONLINEAR PROBLEM INVOLVING ISOTROPIC DEFORMATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXISTENCE OF SOLUTIONS TO A NONLINEAR PROBLEM INVOLVING ISOTROPIC DEFORMATIONS ANA CRISTINA BARROSO manuscript, published in "Journal of Nonlinear Systems and Applications (2010) ?" #12;2 ANA CRISTINA BARROSO

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

328

Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative Existing Building Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative Existing Building Energy Efficiency Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative Existing Building Energy Efficiency Analysis: November 17, 2009 - June 30, 2010 Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative Existing Building Energy Efficiency Analysis: November 17, 2009 - June 30, 2010 This report presents the results of the Booz Allen Hamilton study on the existing building stock of Hawaii, along with conclusions on the key drivers of potential energy efficiency savings and on the steps necessary to attain them. 48318.pdf More Documents & Publications Clean Energy Policy Analysis: Impact Analysis of Potential Clean Energy Policy Options for the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative HCEI Road Map: 2011 Edition (Brochure) Identifying Cost-Effective Residential Energy Efficiency Opportunities for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative

329

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Passive...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Passive Room-to-Room Air Transfer, Fresno, California (Fact Sheet) Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Passive Room-to-Room Air Transfer, Fresno, California...

330

Global emission estimates and radiative impact of C[subscript 4]F[subscript 10], C[subscript 5]F[subscript 12], C[subscript 6]F[subscript 14], C[subscript 7]F[subscript 16] and C[subscript 8]F[subscript 18  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global emission estimates based on new atmospheric observations are presented for the acylic high molecular weight perfluorocarbons (PFCs): decafluorobutane (C[subscript 4]F[subscript 10]), dodecafluoropentane (C[subscript ...

Ivy, Diane J.

331

radiation.p65  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

5 5 United States Department of Energy This fact sheet explains the potential health hazards associated with the radioactive decay of uranium and other radioactive elements found in ore and mill tailings. Potential Health Hazards of Radiation Man-made sources of radiation, most notably from medical uses and consumer products, contribute to the remaining radiation dose that individuals receive. A few household products, including smoke detectors, micro- wave ovens, and color televisions, emit small amounts of radiation. For most people, the benefits from using such products far outweigh the radiation risks. Radiation Dose Radiation is measured in various units. Individuals who have been exposed to radiation have received a radiation dose. Radiation dose to people is expressed in

332

Possible existence of wormholes in the central regions of halos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An earlier study [Rahaman et al. (2014) & Kuhfittig (2014)] has demonstrated the possible existence of wormholes in the outer regions of the galactic halo, based on the Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW) density profile. This paper uses the Universal Rotation Curve (URC) dark matter model to obtain analogous results for the central parts of the halo. This result is an important compliment to the earlier result, thereby confirming the possible existence of wormholes in most of the spiral galaxies.

Farook Rahaman; P. Salucci; P. K. F. Kuhfittig; Saibal Ray; Mosiur Rahaman

2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

333

Effects of pressure gradient on global Alfvn eigenmodes in reversed field pinch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of pressure gradient on the existence of global Alfvn eigenmodes (GAE) in Reversed Field Pinch are studied by numerical calculation. It is found that GAEs near the plasma core can exist when pressure gradient is sufficiently large. The calculated mode frequency and structure are consistent with the experimental results in the Madison Symmetric Torus.

Cai, Huishan, E-mail: hscai@mail.ustc.edu.cn [CAS Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment, Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)] [CAS Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment, Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Fu, Guoyong, E-mail: fu@pppl.gov [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Lin, Liang; Ding, Weixing; Brower, D. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Liu, D. Y. [Physics Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)] [Physics Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Hu, Y. J. [Institute of Plasma Physics, CAS (China)] [Institute of Plasma Physics, CAS (China)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

Atmospheric propagation of THz radiation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this investigation, we conduct a literature study of the best experimental and theoretical data available for thin and thick atmospheres on THz radiation propagation from 0.1 to 10 THz. We determined that for thick atmospheres no data exists beyond 450 GHz. For thin atmospheres data exists from 0.35 to 1.2 THz. We were successful in using FASE code with the HITRAN database to simulate the THz transmission spectrum for Mauna Kea from 0.1 to 2 THz. Lastly, we successfully measured the THz transmission spectra of laboratory atmospheres at relative humidities of 18 and 27%. In general, we found that an increase in the water content of the atmosphere led to a decrease in the THz transmission. We identified two potential windows in an Albuquerque atmosphere for THz propagation which were the regions from 1.2 to 1.4 THz and 1.4 to 1.6 THz.

Wanke, Michael Clement; Mangan, Michael A.; Foltynowicz, Robert J.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Surface Radiation from GOES: A Physical Approach; Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Models to compute Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) and Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) have been in development over the last 3 decades. These models can be classified as empirical or physical, based on the approach. Empirical models relate ground based observations with satellite measurements and use these relations to compute surface radiation. Physical models consider the radiation received from the earth at the satellite and create retrievals to estimate surface radiation. While empirical methods have been traditionally used for computing surface radiation for the solar energy industry the advent of faster computing has made operational physical models viable. The Global Solar Insolation Project (GSIP) is an operational physical model from NOAA that computes GHI using the visible and infrared channel measurements from the GOES satellites. GSIP uses a two-stage scheme that first retrieves cloud properties and uses those properties in a radiative transfer model to calculate surface radiation. NREL, University of Wisconsin and NOAA have recently collaborated to adapt GSIP to create a 4 km GHI and DNI product every 30 minutes. This paper presents an outline of the methodology and a comprehensive validation using high quality ground based solar data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Surface Radiation (SURFRAD) (http://www.srrb.noaa.gov/surfrad/sitepage.html) and Integrated Surface Insolation Study (ISIS) http://www.srrb.noaa.gov/isis/isissites.html), the Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL) at National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and Sun Spot One (SS1) stations.

Habte, A.; Sengupta, M.; Wilcox, S.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Research Program Workshop I Abstracts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Genetic Factors Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Dose Radiation Genetic Factors Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Dose Radiation William F. Morgan and John H.J. Petrini Radiation Oncology Research Laboratory, University of Maryland at Baltimore, Baltimore, MD Summary: The goal of our application is to improve the scientific basis for understanding potential risks to the population from low dose radiation exposure based on potential genetic differences that may modulate an individual's sensitivity to low doses of radiation. Abstract: The goal of this application is to improve the scientific basis for understanding potential risks to the population from low dose radiation exposure. We propose to address specific genetic factors that affect individual susceptibility to low dose radiation and ask the question do genetic differences exist that make some individuals more sensitive to

337

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency, February 2,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency, Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency, February 2, 2010 Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

338

EXTRAPOLATING RADIATION-INDUCED CANCER RISKS FROM LOW DOSES TO VERY LOW DOSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Brenner* Abstract--There is strong evidence that ionizing radiation increases cancer risks at high doses. There exists a range of high radiation doses which demonstra- bly increase cancer risks, and a lower dose rangePaper EXTRAPOLATING RADIATION-INDUCED CANCER RISKS FROM LOW DOSES TO VERY LOW DOSES David J

Brenner, David Jonathan

339

MEASUREMENT OF THE HIGH GAMMA RADIATION DOSE USING THE MEMS BASED DOSIMETER AND RADIOLISYS EFFECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radiation dose. If we consider, that the average time of exploitation is estimated to be 40 years and veryMEASUREMENT OF THE HIGH GAMMA RADIATION DOSE USING THE MEMS BASED DOSIMETER AND RADIOLISYS EFFECT M of high and very high doses of ionizing radiation is crucial for the monitoring of the existing Nuclear

Boyer, Edmond

340

A Global Cloud Resolving Model Goals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cloud Resolving Model Cloud Resolving Model Goals Uniform global horizontal grid spacing of 4 km or better ("cloud permitting") 100 or more layers up to at least the stratopause Parameterizations of microphysics, turbulence (including small clouds), and radiation Execution speed of at least several simulated days per wall-clock day on immediately available systems Annual cycle simulation by end of 2011. Motivations Parameterizations are still problematic. There are no spectral gaps. The equations themselves change at high resolution. GCRMs will be used for NWP within 10 years. GCRMs will be used for climate time-slices shortly thereafter. It's going to take some time to learn how to do GCRMs well. Scaling Science Length, Spatial extent, #Atoms, Weak scaling Time scale

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Global Threat Reduction Initiative  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nonproliferation Nonproliferation U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 1 The Current Status of Gap and U.S.-Origin Nuclear Fuel Removals 2011 Jeff Galan, Deputy Project Manager U.S.-Origin Nuclear Remove Program National Nuclear Security Administration Global Threat Reduction Initiative Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 2 GTRI Mission and Goals GTRI is: A part of President Obama's comprehensive strategy to prevent nuclear terrorism; and The key organization responsible for implementing the U.S. HEU minimization policy. GTRI MISSION Reduce and protect vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide. DOE STRATEGIC GOAL 2.2 Prevent the acquisition of nuclear and radiological materials for use in weapons of mass destruction and other

342

Perihelion Global | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

focused on the acquisition, development and management of technologies and assets in the energy, natural resource and communications markets. References: Perihelion Global1 This...

343

Global Scratch Upgrade in Progress  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the facility is now positioned to meet the performance demands of all its clusters. By upgrading the consolidated Global Scratch, users will be able to continue taking advantage...

344

Ozone Depletion and Global Warming.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Abstract This thesis examines global warming and the possible contribution that ozone depletion provides to this warming. An examination is performed to determine the extent (more)

Fow, Alista John

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Broadband Model Performance for an Updated National Solar Radiation Database in the United States of America: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Updated review of broadband model performance in a project being done to update the existing United States National Solar Radiation Database (NSRDB).

Myers, D. R.; Wilcox, S.; Marion, W.; George, R.; Anderberg, M.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Radiation Protection and Safety Training | Environmental Radiation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The objective of this course is to provide students with an introduction to the fundamentals of ionizing radiation protection and safety. The course curriculum combines...

347

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Radiative Atmospheric Divergence...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

radiation emitted by the earth. This instrument is onboard a European Union geostationary weather satellite launched in December 2005; it is collecting data over Niamey and the...

348

radiation.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Radiation-It's a Fact of Life Radiation-It's a Fact of Life It has been with us since the beginning of time. Everyone who has ever walked on this planet has been exposed to radiation. For the most part, nature is the largest source of exposure. It's in the air we breathe, the ground we walk on, and even the food we eat. The radiation we receive from all natural and some man-made sources is called "background radiation." The millirem (mrem) is a unit used for measuring radiation received by a person. The total average background for radiation received by people living in the United States is 360 millirem per year (mrem/yr), of which 300 mrem/yr is from natural sources, and 60 mrem/yr is man-made. Cosmic Radiation from the sun and stars Internal Radiation from naturally radioactive

349

Does the Danube exist? Versions of reality given by various regional climate models and climatological datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an intercomparison and verification analysis of several regional climate models (RCMs) nested into the same run of the same Atmospheric Global Circulation Model (AGCM) regarding their representation of the statistical properties of the hydrological balance of the Danube river basin for 1961-1990. We also consider the datasets produced by the driving AGCM, from the ECMWF and NCEP-NCAR reanalyses. The hydrological balance is computed by integrating the precipitation and evaporation fields over the area of interest. Large discrepancies exist among RCMs for the monthly climatology as well as for the mean and variability of the annual balances, and only few datasets are consistent with the observed discharge values of the Danube at its Delta, even if the driving AGCM provides itself an excellent estimate. Since the considered approach relies on the mass conservation principle and bypasses the details of the air-land interface modeling, we propose that the atmospheric components of RCMs still face diffic...

Lucarini, V; Kriegerova, I; Speranza, A; Danihlik, Robert; Kriegerova, Ida; Lucarini, Valerio; Speranza, Antonio

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Pressure Regain Strategies for Existing Air Distribution Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pressure Regain Strategies for Pressure Regain Strategies for Existing Air Distribution Systems Arlan Burdick IBACOS, Inc. Pressure Regain Strategies for Existing Air Distribution Systems Problem Statement Thermal enclosure upgrades can reduce peak loads by 50%. If the furnace is right-sized for this new peak load and the ducts are not modified or replaced, the resulting airflows at the supply registers will be significantly reduced. -Will the outlets meet industry standards for performance? - Should they be replaced to achieve good room air mixing? - Should the end of the duct be modified to improve airflow characteristics? Pressure Regain Strategies for Existing Air Distribution Systems Expected Results We expect to find a cost-effective solution to gaining proper airflow to a room without completely replacing

351

Cascade Natural Gas - Conservation Incentives for Existing Homes |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Homes Existing Homes Cascade Natural Gas - Conservation Incentives for Existing Homes < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Floor Insulation: $0.45 per sq. ft. Wall Insulation: $0.40 per sq. ft. Ceiling or Attic Insulation: $0.25 per sq. ft. High Efficiency Natural Gas Furnace: $150 Duct Sealing: $150 High Efficiency Natural Gas Furnace and Duct Sealing: $400 High Efficiency Natural Gas Hearth: $70 Conventional Natural Gas Water Heater: $40 Combination Domestic Water/Hydronic Space Heating System (using Tankless

352

Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Planning for Existing Buildings |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Planning for Existing Buildings Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Planning for Existing Buildings October 4, 2013 - 4:51pm Addthis For meeting Federal sustainability requirements, agencies can use evaluation methods-such as benchmarking and energy audits-and planning to make their existing buildings energy efficient. To comply with energy reduction requirements agencies should follow a few basic steps: Benchmark buildings Conduct energy audits Create an action plan Monitor progress. This is a cyclical process that will need to be continually updated. For meeting water use reduction requirements in buildings, see Water Efficiency. Benchmark Buildings The first step in managing a building stock's sustainability is to benchmark buildings. Benchmarking allows buildings to be compared for

353

Improving the Energy Efficiency of Existing Windows | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Improving the Energy Efficiency of Existing Windows Improving the Energy Efficiency of Existing Windows Improving the Energy Efficiency of Existing Windows October 15, 2008 - 10:56am Addthis Jen Carter What does this mean for me? There are several solutions to energy inefficient windows whether you're starting from scratch or simply making upgrades. But, soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. - William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet No one would dispute the undeniable beauty of soft, dappled light shining through a window in the early morning. Unless, of course, you happen to be one of the many Americans whose windows are letting in more than just light. Poorly fitted or sealed windows can be a major frustration during the winter months, letting in cold drafts that blur the lines between

354

Multifamily Energy Savings Program (Existing Buildings and New  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Multifamily Energy Savings Program (Existing Buildings and New Multifamily Energy Savings Program (Existing Buildings and New Construction) Multifamily Energy Savings Program (Existing Buildings and New Construction) < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Ventilation Construction Manufacturing Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Prescriptive: Varies by equipment type, $200,000 per project Custom: Lesser of 50% of cost or $200,000 per project Total: $200,000 per project and $400,000 per customer tax ID per year for all Focus incentives. Program Info Funding Source Focus on Energy Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Wisconsin

355

Home Energy Solutions for Existing Homes | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Home Energy Solutions for Existing Homes Home Energy Solutions for Existing Homes Home Energy Solutions for Existing Homes < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info Funding Source Public Benefits Fund State Oregon Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Sealing: $150 Duct Insulation: 50% of cost up to $100 Gas Boiler: $200 Direct Vent Gas Fireplace: $200-$250 Direct Vent Gas Unit Heater: $100 Heat Pumps: $250 - $450, depending on efficiency and previous heating system Heat Pump Test: $150 Heat Pump Advanced Controls: $250 Ductless Heat Pump: $800

356

Stopbands in the existence domains of acoustic solitons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fully nonlinear Sagdeev pseudopotential approach is used to study the existence domain of fast mode ion-acoustic solitons in a three-species plasma composed of cold and warm adiabatic positive ion species and Boltzmann electrons. It is shown that for appropriate values of the cold-to-warm ion charge-to-mass ratio, ?, and the effective warm ion-to-electron temperature ratio, ?, there is a range in cold to warm ion charge density ratio, f, over which a stopband in soliton speed exists. Solitons do not propagate in the stopband, although they can occur for both higher and lower speeds. The stopbands are associated with a limiting curve of the existence domain that is double-valued in speed for a range of values of f. Analytical estimates of the upper and lower limits of ? and ? that support stopbands are found. It is suggested that, inter alia, the analysis should be applicable to the solar wind plasma.

Nsengiyumva, F., E-mail: franco.nseng@gmail.com; Hellberg, M. A., E-mail: hellberg@ukzn.ac.za; Mace, R. L., E-mail: macer@ukzn.ac.za [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa); Verheest, F., E-mail: frank.verheest@ugent.be [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa); Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281, B9000 Gent (Belgium)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

Business Energy Efficiency Rebate for Existing Buildings | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Business Energy Efficiency Rebate for Existing Buildings Business Energy Efficiency Rebate for Existing Buildings Business Energy Efficiency Rebate for Existing Buildings < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Multi-Family Residential State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Manufacturing Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate $500,000 per site, per year Program Info Funding Source Public Benefits Fund State Oregon Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Conditioners Units: $180 - $750, varies by size and efficiency Heat Pumps: $100 - $300, varies by type and size HVAC Unit Heater: $1.50/kBtu/hr in Warm-Air Furnace: $3/kBtu/hr in

358

Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Planning for Existing Buildings |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Program Areas » Sustainable Buildings & Campuses » Energy Program Areas » Sustainable Buildings & Campuses » Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Planning for Existing Buildings Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Planning for Existing Buildings October 4, 2013 - 4:51pm Addthis For meeting Federal sustainability requirements, agencies can use evaluation methods-such as benchmarking and energy audits-and planning to make their existing buildings energy efficient. To comply with energy reduction requirements agencies should follow a few basic steps: Benchmark buildings Conduct energy audits Create an action plan Monitor progress. This is a cyclical process that will need to be continually updated. For meeting water use reduction requirements in buildings, see Water Efficiency. Benchmark Buildings The first step in managing a building stock's sustainability is to

359

Improving the Energy Efficiency of Existing Windows | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Improving the Energy Efficiency of Existing Windows Improving the Energy Efficiency of Existing Windows Improving the Energy Efficiency of Existing Windows October 15, 2008 - 10:56am Addthis Jen Carter What does this mean for me? There are several solutions to energy inefficient windows whether you're starting from scratch or simply making upgrades. But, soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. - William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet No one would dispute the undeniable beauty of soft, dappled light shining through a window in the early morning. Unless, of course, you happen to be one of the many Americans whose windows are letting in more than just light. Poorly fitted or sealed windows can be a major frustration during the winter months, letting in cold drafts that blur the lines between

360

Plutonium radiation surrogate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A self-contained source of gamma-ray and neutron radiation suitable for use as a radiation surrogate for weapons-grade plutonium is described. The source generates a radiation spectrum similar to that of weapons-grade plutonium at 5% energy resolution between 59 and 2614 keV, but contains no special nuclear material and emits little .alpha.-particle radiation. The weapons-grade plutonium radiation surrogate also emits neutrons having fluxes commensurate with the gamma-radiation intensities employed.

Frank, Michael I. (Dublin, CA)

2010-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules April 29, 2011 Draft Executive Summary On January 18, 2011, the President issued Executive Order 13563, ‗‗Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review,'' to ensure that Federal regulations seek more affordable, less intrusive means to achieve policy goals, and that agencies give careful consideration to the benefits and costs of those regulations. Executive Order 13563 recognizes the importance of maintaining a consistent culture of retrospective review and analysis throughout the executive branch. To that end, Executive Order 13563 requires agencies, by May 18, 2011, to develop a plan for review of

362

Home Energy Rebate Option (HERO) - Existing Homes Program | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Home Energy Rebate Option (HERO) - Existing Homes Program Home Energy Rebate Option (HERO) - Existing Homes Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Maximum Rebate $3,000 Program Info Funding Source American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Expiration Date 06/11/2013 State Louisiana Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount 20% of improvement costs Provider Louisiana Department of Natural Resources '''''NOTE: All HERO program funding has been allocated as of December 6, 2012. Important dates related to the closure of the program have been announced. Please see summary below for more information. '''''

363

FMDP reactor alternative summary report. Volume 1 - existing LWR alternative  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant quantities of weapons-usable fissile materials [primarily plutonium and highly enriched uranium (HEU)] are becoming surplus to national defense needs in both the United States and Russia. These stocks of fissile materials pose significant dangers to national and international security. The dangers exist not only in the potential proliferation of nuclear weapons but also in the potential for environmental, safety, and health (ES&H) consequences if surplus fissile materials are not properly managed. This document summarizes the results of analysis concerned with existing light water reactor plutonium disposition alternatives.

Greene, S.R.; Bevard, B.B. [and others

1996-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

364

GLOBAL IMPACT FROM THE HEART  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLOBAL IMPACT FROM THE HEART OF NORTHERN IRELAND #12;A first-class student experience in world-CLASS 18 CONTACT 26 CONTENTS 3GLOBAL IMPACT FROM THE HEART OF NORTHERN IRELAND #12;Queen's is a powerhouse THE HEART OF NORTHERN IRELANDGLOBAL IMPACT FROM THE HEART OF NORTHERN IRELAND CHANCELLOR'S WELCOME

Paxton, Anthony T.

365

GLOBAL IMPACT FROM THE HEART  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLOBAL IMPACT FROM THE HEART OF NORTHERN IRELAND #12;#12;CHANCELLOR'S WELCOME 4 VICE: INNOVATIVE AND WORLD-CLASS 18 CONTACT 26 CONTENTS 3GLOBAL IMPACT FROM THE HEART OF NORTHERN IRELAND #12;Queen THE HEART OF NORTHERN IRELANDGLOBAL IMPACT FROM THE HEART OF NORTHERN IRELAND CHANCELLOR'S WELCOME

Müller, Jens-Dominik

366

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT AND YOUR FAMILY'S CONTRIBUTION TO IT Stephen E. Schwartz September 22, 2004 http://www.ecd.bnl.gov/steve/schwartz.html #12;#12;THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT #12;GLOBAL does anything about it. ­ Mark Twain­ Mark Twain Now with the greenhouse effect, we ARE doing something

Schwartz, Stephen E.

367

Educational Global Climate Change Links  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Educational Global Climate Change Links Educational Global Climate Change Links Evidence of the importance of global climate change to the future generation is reflected in the increasing number of queries CDIAC receives from students and educators, from a range of educational levels. We have compiled a listing of some sites that we hope will be of interest and of use to those looking for information, fun, ideas, and ways that they can make a difference. These links were chosen because we have found them useful in responding to those with inquiring minds. These links will take the user outside of CDIAC, and are by no means comprehensive. We are not responsible for the content or intent of these outside links. Tools you can use! NOAA's Global Climate Dashboard - The Global Climate Dashboard is

368

Frequently Asked Global Change Questions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Asked Global Change Questions Asked Global Change Questions This page lists global change questions that have been received at CDIAC and the answers that were provided to a diverse audience. If you have a question relating to carbon dioxide and global change and cannot find the answer you need here, you can "Ask Us a Question", and we will be glad to try to help you. Questions Should we grow trees to remove carbon in the atmosphere? What are the present tropospheric concentrations, global warming potentials (100 year time horizon), and atmospheric lifetimes of CO2, CH4, N2O, CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, CCl4, methyl chloroform, HCFC-22, sulphur hexafluoride, trifluoromethyl sulphur pentafluoride, perfluoroethane, and surface ozone? Where can I find information on the naming of halocarbons?

369

Integrated global background monitoring network  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the background and elucidates the need for an integrated global background monitoring network. This network should: establish reference levels for pollutants that have potential for global contaminatin, serve as an early warning site for detecting global spread of pollutants, and establish baseline levels for selected ecosystem parameters against which data from more impacted areas can be compared. This paper proposes the following: (1) establish an integrated global background monitoring network for pollutants and ecosystem parameters; (2) pollutant measurements be multi-media; (3) carry out ecosystem parameter studies in conjunction with pollutant measurements; (4) the network be maintained for an indefinite period of time; (5) the network be established using the international biosphere reserve system as the universe from which a subset of monitoring sites are drawn; and (6) that the project be under the overall direction of the Global Environmental Monitoring System. 43 references, 1 figure, 1 table.

Wiersma, G.B.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Radioisotope power system based on derivative of existing Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a recent paper, the authors presented the results of a system design study of a 75-watt(c) RSG (Radioisotope Stirling Generator) for possible application to the Pluto Fast Flyby mission. That study was based on a Stirling engine design generated by MTI (Mechanical Technology, Inc.). The MTI design was a derivative of a much larger (13 kwe) engine that they had developed and tested for NASA`s LERC. Clearly, such a derivative would be a major extrapolation (downsizing) from what has actually been built and tested. To avoid that, the present paper describes a design for a 75-watt RSG system based on derivatives of a small (11-watt) engine and linear alternator system that has been under development by STC (Stirling Technology Company) for over three years and that has operated successfully for over 15,000 hours as of March 1995. Thus, the STC engines would require much less extrapolation from proven designs. The design employs a heat source consisting of two standard General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules, coupled to four Stirling engines with linear alternators, any three of which could deliver the desired 75-watt(e) output if the fourth should fail. The four engines are coupled to four common radiators with redundant heatpipes for rejecting the engines` waste heat to space. The above engine and radiator redundancies promote system reliability. The paper describes detailed analyses to determine the effect of radiator geometry on system mass and performance, before and after an engine or heatpipe failure.

Schock, A.; Or, C.T.; Kumar, V. [Orbital Sciences Corp., Germantown, MD (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

371

Radiation Safety Program Annual Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................................10 AREA RADIATION SURVEYS AND CONTAMINATION CONTROL...........................................11.....................................................................................................13 RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT meetings of the Radiation Safety Committee where new users and uses of radioactive materials, radiation

Lyubomirsky, Ilya

372

Radiator Labs | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of steam buildings. Radiator Labs developed a mechanism that allows heating systems to control heat transfer at each radiator. The Radiator Labs design utilizes an...

373

The universal radiative transport equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE UNIVERSAL RADIATIVE TRANSPORT EQUATION Rudolph W.The Universal Radiative Transport Equation Rudolph W.The various radiative transport equations used in general

Preisendorfer, Rudolph W

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Photogeneration of Gelatinous Networks from Pre-Existing Polymers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photogeneration of Gelatinous Networks from Pre-Existing Polymers Gregory T. Carroll,1 L. Devon network (Fig. 1). Such networks offer increased durability1 compared to their uncros- slinked counter, photoresists for micro- and nanofabrication,5,6 membranes,7,8 tissue engineering,9 and controlled drug release

Turro, Nicholas J.

375

Food Consumption by Sea Lions: Existing Data and Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Food Consumption by Sea Lions: Existing Data and Techniques Arliss J. Winship, Andrea M.J. Hunter on the quantity of food consumed by sea lions in captivity, and examined how consumption varied by species, body ranges of estimates of food consumption for sea lions that can be used in various modeling strategies

376

Existence and stability of curved multidimensional detonation fronts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Existence and stability of curved multidimensional detonation fronts N. Costanzino , H. K. Jenssen for ZND detonations was begun by J.J. Erpenbeck in [E1]. He used a normal mode analysis to define, multidimensional detonation fronts for ideal polytropic gases in both the ZND and Chapman-Jouguet models

Williams, Mark

377

Full-rank Tilings of F 2 Do Not Exist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Full-rank Tilings of F 8 2 Do Not Exist #3; Ari Trachtenberg y Alexander Vardy z February 3, 2003 Abstract We show that there are no full-rank tilings of F 8 2 , using a carefully designed exhaustive search. This solves an open problem posed in [5] and implies that a full-rank perfect binary code

Goldberg, Bennett

378

Retrofitting Existing Buildings for Demand Response & Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retrofitting Existing Buildings for Demand Response & Energy Efficiency www, enable demand response, improve productivity for older facilities. - Use technologies which minimize are notified by PG&E by 3pm the day prior to the critical event. - Customers with Auto-Demand Response enabled

California at Los Angeles, University of

379

IPAS exists to deliver breakthrough science, drive innovation and thus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPAS exists to deliver breakthrough science, drive innovation and thus enable illuminated decision making for a safer, healthier & wealthier world #12;Director's Welcome Our vision is to make IPAS from many areas of science. IPAS has been created to bring together physicists, chemists and biologists

380

Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-5940E Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office Building for Energy Efficiency thereof or The Regents of the University of California. #12;1 Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning@lbl.gov, Tel: 1-510-486-4921 Abstract The performance of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Radon control systems in existing and new construction: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......intervals after remediation, perhaps once...radon in the ground can penetrate...buildings from ground water and from building...holes around the water or electricity...Another option for remediation in existing homes...drawn from the ground by thermal convection...non-pressurised ground water solved the radon......

Naureen Mahbub Rahman; Bliss L. Tracy

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

GRB Probes of the High-z Universe with EXIST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Energetic X-ray Imaging Survey Telescope (EXIST) mission concept is optimized for study of high-z GRBs as probes of the early Universe. With a High Energy Telescope (HET) incorporating a 4.5m^2 5-600keV (CZT; 0.6mm pixels) detector plane for coded aperture imaging a 90deg x 70deg (>10% coding fraction) field of view with 2' resolution and 5 sigma sources, EXIST will perform rapid (7, EXIST will open a new era in studies of the early Universe as well as carry o ut a rich program of AGN and transient-source science. An overview of the GRB science objectives and a brief discussion of the overall mission design and operations is given, and example high-z GRB IRT spectra are shown. EXIST is being proposed to the Astro2010 Decadal Survey as a 5 year Medium Class mission that could be launched as early as 2017.

Grindlay, Jonathan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Burgess's 'Scientific' Arguments for the Existence of Mathematical Objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......are numbers, given that it does not make sense to ascribe location...is actually true, but (1) does not imply that numbers exist...rejection of the argument simply does not depend upon my choosing...each volume of The Oxford Handbook series offers an authoritative......

Chihara Charles

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Retrieving leaf area index using a genetic algorithm with a canopy radiative transfer model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retrieving leaf area index using a genetic algorithm with a canopy radiative transfer model quantities driving the algorithms used in regional and global biogeochemical, ecological and meteorological) and the inversion of a canopy radiative transfer (RT) model. In recent years, applications of the genetic algorithms

Liang, Shunlin

385

Experimental determination of radiated internal wave power without pressure field Frank M. Lee,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in global ocean mixing, it is important to understand the power present in the internal wave fieldExperimental determination of radiated internal wave power without pressure field data Frank M. Lee to determine, using only velocity field data, the time-averaged energy flux J and total radiated power P

Morrison, Philip J.,

386

Radiation Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary: Radiation Dose Estimates from Hanford Radioactive Material Releases to the Air- tantly, what radiation dose people may have received. An independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP, additionalProjectworkcouldresultin revisions of these dose estimates. April 21, 1994 Companion

387

Maryland Radiation Act (Maryland)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The policy of the state is to provide for the constructive use of radiation and control radiation emissions. This legislation authorizes the Department of the Environment to develop comprehensive...

388

WI Radiation Protection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute seeks to regulate radioactive materials, to encourage the constructive uses of radiation, and to prohibit and prevent exposure to radiation in amounts which are or may be detrimental...

389

Effects of Externally-Through-Internally-Mixed Soot Inclusions within Clouds and Precipitation on Global Climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The model used and modified for this study was GATOR-GCMOM, a parallelized and one-way-nested global-through-urban scale gas, aerosol, transport, radiation, general circulation, mesoscale, and ocean model. ... The GATOR-GCMOM model was modified to treat absorption and scattering of aerosol inclusions within individual hydrometeor particles. ... GATOR-GCMOM = gas, aerosol, transport, radiation, general circulation, mesoscale, and ocean model ...

Mark Z. Jacobson

2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

390

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Annual Report 2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Importance of Clouds and Radiation for Climate Change: The Earths surface temperature is determined by the balance between incoming solar radiation and thermal (or infrared) radiation emitted by the Earth back to space. Changes in atmospheric composition, including greenhouse gases, clouds, and aerosols, can alter this balance and produce significant climate change. Global climate models (GCMs) are the primary tool for quantifying future climate change; however, there remain significant uncertainties in the GCM treatment of clouds, aerosol, and their effects on the Earths energy balance. In 1989, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science created the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program to address scientific uncertainties related to global climate change, with a specific focus on the crucial role of clouds and their influence on the transfer of radiation in the atmosphere. To reduce these scientific uncertainties, the ARM Program uses a unique twopronged approach: The ARM Climate Research Facility, a scientific user facility for obtaining long-term measurements of radiative fluxes, cloud and aerosol properties, and related atmospheric characteristics in diverse climate regimes; and The ARM Science Program, focused on the analysis of ACRF and other data to address climate science issues associated with clouds, aerosols, and radiation, and to improve GCMs. This report provides an overview of each of these components and a sample of achievements for each in fiscal year (FY) 2008.

LR Roeder

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Radiative forcing from aircraft NOx emissions: Mechanisms and seasonal dependence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dependence. The long-term globally integrated annual mean net forcing calculated here is approximately zero, related to the annual cycle in photochemistry; the O3 radiative forcing calculations also have a seasonal, although earlier work suggests a small net positive forcing. The model design (e.g., upper tropospheric

392

Axisymmetric electrovacuum spacetimes with an additional Killing vector and radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Main results concerning allowable additional symmetries of axially symmetric electrovacuum spacetimes are summarized. These are translational Killing vectors and the boost Killing vector. However, this is only the boost symmetry that does not exclude radiation and permit a spacetime to be asymptotically flat with global null infinity.

A. Pravdova; J. Bicak

2001-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

393

MAPPING HIGH-RESOLUTION LAND SURFACE RADIATIVE FLUXES FROM MODIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

important to life and to the use of clean renewable solar energy to improve the quality of the environment and biogeophysical mod- eling, solar energy applications, and agriculture. The Earth's surface radiation budget (SRB) is the key quantity that determines global climate and climate change from elevated greenhouse gases, air

Liang, Shunlin

394

Globally Collaborative Environmental Peach Gaming with Global University Systems Globally Collaborative Environmental Peace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and figures." To realize this, I worked on the proliferations of data telecom infrastructure and email to various countries, and demonstration and testing of hybrid technologies with "Global Lecture Hall (GLH will supply game players from around the world. With global GRID computer networking technology and Beowulf

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

395

RADIONUCLIDE RADIATION PROTECTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COPYRIGHT 2002 Nuclear Technology Publishing #12;3 #12;4 #12;5 Radiation Protection Dosimetry Vol. 98, No'Energie Atomique, CEA/Saclay, France ISBN 1 870965 87 6 RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY Vol. 98 No 1, 2002 Published by Nuclear Technology Publishing #12;RADIONUCLIDE AND RADIATION PROTECTION DATA HANDBOOK 2nd Edition (2002

Healy, Kevin Edward

396

National Solar Radiation Data Base | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Radiation Data Base Solar Radiation Data Base Dataset Summary Description The National Solar Radiation Data Base (NSRDB) is the most comprehensive collection of solar data freely available. The 1991 - 2005 NSRDB contains hourly solar radiation (including global, direct, and diffuse) and meteorological data for 1,454 stations. NCDC's Integrated Surface Data (ISD) were the key data source for this effort, with much of the solar data modeled/estimated based on the surface observations. This dataset builds on the 1961-1990 NSRDB, which contains data for 239 stations. These data are extremely useful in estimating solar energy potential across the U.S., and in estimating heating/cooling requirements for buildings based on heat-gain from solar radiation. More information available at http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/reds/

397

Global production through 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two companion studies released recently should provide great food for thought among geo-political strategists and various national governments. If predictions contained in these Petroconsultants studies of oil and gas production trends for the next 10 years are realized, there will be great repercussions for net exporters and importers, alike. After analyzing and predicting trends within each of the world`s significant producing nations for the 1996--2005 period, the crude oil and condensate report concludes tat global production will jump nearly 24%. By contrast, worldwide gas output will leap 40%. The cast of characters among producers and exporters that will benefit from these increases varies considerably for each fuel. On the oil side, Russia and the OPEC members, particularly the Persian Gulf nations, will be back in the driver`s seat in terms of affecting export and pricing patterns. On the gas side, the leading producers will be an interesting mix of mostly non-OPEC countries. The reemergence of Persian Gulf oil producers, coupled with an anticipated long-term decline among top non-OPEC producing nations should present a sobering picture to government planners within large net importers, such as the US. They are likely to find themselves in much the same supply trap as was experienced in the 1970s, only this time the dependence on foreign oil supplies will be much worse. Gas supplies will not be similarly constrained, and some substitution for oil is probable. Here, two articles, ``World oil industry is set for transition`` and ``Worldwide gas surges forward in next decade,`` present a summary of the findings detailed in Petroconsultants` recent studies.

Foreman, N.E. [Petroconsultants, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

GE Global Research in San Ramon, California | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and the world. Visit the Careers page to search and apply for Global Research jobs in San Ramon. We also welcome robust participation in our work from a range of science...

399

Resisting globalization- ATTAC in France: local discourses, global terrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, social movements in France appeared to run out of raison d??tre, as enthusiasm for collective action gave away to a new individualism and, the Left, which was in power, along with the country itself started to confront the effects of a deregulated... RESISTING GLOBALIZATION ATTAC IN FRANCE: LOCAL DISCOURSES, GLOBAL TERRAIN A Dissertation by MARIE DES NEIGES LEONARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Leonard, Marie des Neiges

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

400

Radioactivity and Radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radioactivity and Radiation Radioactivity and Radiation Uranium and Its Compounds line line What is Uranium? Chemical Forms of Uranium Properties of Uranium Compounds Radioactivity and Radiation Uranium Health Effects Radioactivity and Radiation Discussion of radioactivity and radiation, uranium and radioactivity, radiological health risks of uranium isotopes and decay products. Radioactivity Radioactivity is the term used to describe the natural process by which some atoms spontaneously disintegrate, emitting both particles and energy as they transform into different, more stable atoms. This process, also called radioactive decay, occurs because unstable isotopes tend to transform into a more stable state. Radioactivity is measured in terms of disintegrations, or decays, per unit time. Common units of radioactivity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

NETL Publications: Conference Proceedings-Existing Plants Water Projects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NETL Existing Plants Water Projects Meeting NETL Existing Plants Water Projects Meeting October 27-28, 2008 Table of Contents Disclaimer Presentations Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government or any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

402

Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring - Recent Advances and Existing Challenges  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring - Recent Advances and Existing Challenges Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring - Recent Advances and Existing Challenges Speaker(s): Hampden Kuhns Date: May 10, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring (NILM) describes the process of disaggregating multiple energy loads on a single circuit using signal processing techniques. The granular output of this analysis (much like an itemized phone bill) can help rate payers identify inefficiencies in their buildings and promote cost-effective energy efficiency actions. The concepts behind NIALM were originally developed in the late 1980s by George Hart of MIT and commercialized by Enetics Inc, but hardware expense, accuracy, and detection limit issues have hampered its large scale adoption. This presentation discusses the several steps of the original

403

Chapter 3 - Existing Environment, Pages 1-7  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3-1 3-1 CHAPTER 3 EXISTING ENVIRONMENT This chapter describes the existing environment at the three sites under consideration in this EA: the CEMRC in Carlsbad (the location where research activities would occur under the Proposed Action), the WIPP site (the location where research activities would occur under the WIPP Alternative), and LANL (the location where research activities would continue under the No Action Alternative). Descriptions of the CEMRC site were obtained from the CEMRC EA (DOE 1995c). Descriptions of the WIPP site were obtained from SEIS-II (DOE 1997) and the Final Environmental Assessment for Conducting Astrophysics and Other Basic Science Experiments at the WIPP Site (DOE 2001a). Finally, descriptions of the LANL site were obtained from the Final Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement for the Continued

404

Controlled waste-oil biodegradation at existing drying beds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A feasibility study at the Portsmouth Uranium Enrichment Facility to determine if sludge drying beds at a sewage treatment plant could be used as controlled waste oil biodegradation plots has been completed. A greenhouse-like enclosure would be constructed over three 9.1 meter by 21.3 meter beds to allow for year-round use, and any waste oil runoff would be collected by existing leachate piping. It has been determined that this proposed facility could dispose of existing radioactive waste oil generation (7200 liters/year) from the Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP); however, it would be inadequate to handle radioactive waste oils from the new Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant (GCEP) as well. The study reviewed nuclear criticality constraints, biodegradation technology, and the capital cost for an enclosed biodegradation facility.

Hary, L.F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The cycle and meaning of the existence of humankind  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A correlation has been made between the phases of various evolving natural systemsmagmatic, biological and social. The cycle of existence of these systems encompasses four stagesgrowth, internal development, stationary state (maturity), ageing. On the basis of the correlations it is shown that the modern period of the evolution of humankind corresponds to the end of the growth stage; the age of humankind currently corresponds roughly to the age of a 17-year-old man. The meaning of the existence of humankind as a planetary system is examined, and the need for an elaboration of a long-term strategic programme of the evolution of civilization for promoting fundamental transition from the growth stage to that of internal development is substantiated.

V.N. Kompanichenko

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Adding linear kinetic effects to existing finite-difference simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the proof-of-principle KINETIC-J module for iterative addition of all-order kinetic effects (parallel and perpendicular) in both the IC and EC frequency ranges, to any existing FD or FE frequency-domain full-wave RF simulation. The module calculates the linear, kinetic plasma current, such that given f 0 (r,v) and the cold plasma solution as an initial guess at the wave electric field, iterating the KINETIC-J module and the existing code (its internal plasma current replaced with the output of the module) converges to the kinetic solution. Since KINETIC-J does not use the k-space representation of the hot plasma dielectric, in favor of data parallel numeric integrals, implementing the module requires minimal code changes.

Green, David L [ORNL; Berry, Lee Alan [XCEL Engineering Inc., Oak Ridge

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Methodology for Augmenting Existing Paths with Additional Parallel Transects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Visual Sample Plan (VSP) is sample planning software that is used, among other purposes, to plan transect sampling paths to detect areas that were potentially used for munition training. This module was developed for application on a large site where existing roads and trails were to be used as primary sampling paths. Gap areas between these primary paths needed to found and covered with parallel transect paths. These gap areas represent areas on the site that are more than a specified distance from a primary path. These added parallel paths needed to optionally be connected together into a single paththe shortest path possible. The paths also needed to optionally be attached to existing primary paths, again with the shortest possible path. Finally, the process must be repeatable and predictable so that the same inputs (primary paths, specified distance, and path options) will result in the same set of new paths every time. This methodology was developed to meet those specifications.

Wilson, John E.

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

408

On existence of infinite primes and infinite twin primes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The twin primes conjecture is a very old problem. Tacitly it is supposed that the primes it deals with are finite. In the present paper we consider three problems that are not related to finite primes but deal with infinite integers. The main tool of our investigation is a numeral system proposed recently that allows one to express various infinities and infinitesimals easily and by a finite number of symbols. The problems under consideration are the following and for all of them we give affermative answers: (i) do infinite primes exist? (ii) do infinite twin primes exist? (ii) is the set of infinite twin primes infinite? Examples of these three kinds of objects are given.

Maurice Margenstern; Yaroslav D. Sergeyev

2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

409

Searching for Global Dimming Evidence at SGP and Update of ARM Submissions to BSRN  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Searching for Global Dimming Evidence at SGP and Searching for Global Dimming Evidence at SGP and Update of ARM Submissions to BSRN G. Hodges Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado Introduction Global dimming, usually defined as a reduction of incoming solar radiation (insolation) at the surface of the earth, is a topic being discussed with increasing frequency. A recent news article on global dimming in the web-based newspaper the Guardian Unlimited seems to have brought this issue to the forefront with scientists and laypeople alike. In fact, there is a special session devoted to global dimming at the upcoming May 17-21 American Geophysical Union (AGU) meeting in Montreal, Canada. The article quotes Atsumu Ohmura and references his findings on this subject.

410

Metal MEMS Devices | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MEMS: Inside the Global Research Cleanroom MEMS: Inside the Global Research Cleanroom This follow-up to our introduction to MEMS takes you inside the GE Global Research cleanroom...

411

The China-in-Global Energy Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The China-in-Global Energy Model (C-GEM) is a global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model that captures the interaction of production, consumption and trade among multiple global regions and sectors including five ...

Qi, T.

412

Hot Topics: Globalization and Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global sense of the world, is bound up in both its analysis and its policy proposals with the same issues that confront globalization theorists. The proliferation of theories and analyses in globalization and climate change reflects the emerging nature...

Malone, Elizabeth L.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Meter Expansion Plan Existing Multi-Space Meter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meter Expansion Plan 11 35 9 7 10 20 12 11 12 46 23 15 15 60 23 Existing Multi-Space Meter Split Regulations 136 New Multi-Space Meter Visitor Only New Multi-Space Meter Split Regulations KEY 97 Updated 7/8/13 11 5 #12;HAVE.HAVE. UNION DR. 1 2 3 4 5 New Multi-space Meter After: 5 Meter Spaces Regulations

Duchowski, Andrew T.

414

Clean Power Plan: Reducing Carbon Pollution From Existing Power Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficiency Improvements Efficiency improvements Co-firing or switching to natural gas Coal retirements Retrofit CCS (e.g.,WA Parish in Texas) 2. Use lower-emitting power sources more Dispatch changes to existing natural gas combined cycle (CC) Dispatch... that are high emitting. Energy conservation programs. Retrofitting units with partial CCS. Use of certain biomass. Efficiency improvements at higher- emitting plants.* Market-based trading programs. Building new renewables. Dispatch changes. Co...

Bremer,K.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Integration of small taps into (existing) HVDC links  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tapping of HVDC lines to serve intermediate loads or to pick up dispersed generation has always presented formidable technical and economic challenges to transmission planners and to system designers. These challenges have been particularly daunting when the power rating of the tap is small compared to that of the main terminals. This document provides transmission planners with various factors which need to be considered in evaluating the feasibility of tapping existing HVDC transmission lines or in developing alternatives for potential new transmission schemes.

Bahrman, M. [ABB Power Systems, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)] [ABB Power Systems, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Baker, M. [GEC Alsthom Engineering Systems Ltd., Whetstone (United Kingdom)] [GEC Alsthom Engineering Systems Ltd., Whetstone (United Kingdom); Bowles, J. [and others] [and others

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

TERSat: Trapped Energetic Radiation Satellite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation damage caused by interactions with high-energy particles in the Van Allen Radiation Belts is a leading

Clements, Emily B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

2007 Radiation & Climate GRC ( July 29-August 3, 2007)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theme of the fifth Gordon Research Conference on Radiation and Climate is 'Integrating multiscale measurements and models for key climate questions'. The meeting will feature lectures, posters, and discussion regarding these issues. The meeting will focus on insights from new types of satellite and in situ data and from new approaches to modeling processes in the climate system. The program on measurements will highlight syntheses of new satellite data on cloud, aerosols, and chemistry and syntheses of satellite and sub-orbital observations from field programs. The program on modeling will address both the evaluation of cloud-resolving and regional aerosol models using new types of measurements and the evidence for processes and physics missing from global models. The Conference will focus on two key climate questions. First, what factors govern the radiative interactions of clouds and aerosols with regional and global climate? Second, how well do we understand the interaction of radiation with land surfaces and with the cryosphere?

William Collins

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Research update, existing buildings research, 1989--1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Research Update presents the status of the Existing Buildings Research program of the Office of Building Technologies of the US Department of Energy for the period 1989-199 1. This program covers research on energy efficiency improvements for the residential and commercial buildings in this country. ne Existing Buildings Research program has contributed to significant improvements in energy efficiency of existing buildings by development of improvements to retrofit technologies, by coordinating and conducting research studies on the use of energy efficiency technologies (to reduce barriers and increase use), and by continually evaluating changes in technologies that could improve and maintain buildings energy efficiency. If the energy efficiency of the buildings sector in this country is to be dramatically improved over the next 30 years, we must improve the use of energy efficiency technologies. Improved delivery of measures, improved understanding of how buildings actually perform in the field, and methods for improving operations and maintenance of buildings and energy equipment are all examples of ways to improve the deployment (transfer) of technologies. Much has been learned about technology deployment in buildings in the first five years of the program, and our future plans will be directed at continuing the improvements and making a real contribution to the energy efficiency future of the United States.

MacDonald, J.M.; Ternes, M.P.; Mixon, W.R.; Sharp, T.R.; Kolb, J.O.; Wilkes, K.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Diamond, R.C. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Judkoff, R. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Mazzucchi, R.P. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Existing data on the 216-Z liquid waste sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During 36 years of operation at the Hanford Site, the ground has been used for disposal of liquid and solid transuranic and/or low-level wastes. Liquid waste was disposed in surface and subsurface cribs, trenches, French drains, reverse wells, ditches and ponds. Disposal structures associated with Z Plant received liquid waste from plutonium finishing and reclamation, waste treatment and laboratory operations. The nineteen 216-Z sites have received 83% of the plutonium discharged to 325 liquid waste facilities at the Hanford Site. The purpose of this document is to support the Hanford Defense Waste Environmental Impact Statement by drawing the existing data together for the 216-Z liquid waste disposal sites. This document provides an interim reference while a sitewide Waste Information Data System (WIDS) is developed and put on line. Eventually these and additional site data for all Hanford waste disposal sites will be available on WIDS. Compilation of existing data is the first step in evaluating the need and developing the technology for long-term management of these waste sites. The scope of this document is confined to data describing the status of the 216-Z waste sites as of December 31, 1979. Information and sketches are taken from existing documents and drawings.

Owens, K.W.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Americans' Average Radiation Exposure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We live with radiation every day. We receive radiation exposures from cosmic rays, from outer space, from radon gas, and from other naturally radioactive elements in the earth. This is called natural background radiation. It includes the radiation we get from plants, animals, and from our own bodies. We also are exposed to man-made sources of radiation, including medical and dental treatments, television sets and emission from coal-fired power plants. Generally, radiation exposures from man-made sources are only a fraction of those received from natural sources. One exception is high exposures used by doctors to treat cancer patients. Each year in the United States, the average dose to people from natural and man-made radiation sources is about 360 millirem. A millirem is an extremely tiny amount of energy absorbed by tissues in the body.

NA

2000-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

PARTNERSHIP PROFILE: THE GLOBAL FUND | 1 About the Global Fund to Fight AIDS,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

grants worth a total of US$29 billion in more than 140 countries. The Global Fund provided 22% of allPARTNERSHIP PROFILE: THE GLOBAL FUND | 1 MARCH 2014 About the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund) is a global

Klein, Ophir

422

Radiation: Facts, Risks and Realities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Radiation 3 Understanding Radiation Risks 6 Naturally Occurring (Background) Radiation 7 Man-Made Radiation, beta particles and gamma rays. Other types, such as x-rays, can occur naturally or be machine-produced. Scientists have also learned that radiation sources are naturally all around us. Radiation can come from

423

Endeavor Global | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Endeavor Global Endeavor Global Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Endeavor Global Name Endeavor Global Address 900 Broadway Place New York, New York Zip 10003 Coordinates 40.7391824°, -73.9897252° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.7391824,"lon":-73.9897252,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

424

Global Warming and Extreme Weather  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Warming and Extreme Weather Global Warming and Extreme Weather Speaker(s): Michael Wehner Date: November 28, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Surabi Menon Extreme weather events can have serious impacts on human and ecological systems. Changes in the magnitude and frequency of extreme weather associated with changes in the mean climate are likely the most serious consequence of human induced global warming. Understanding what the future portends is vital if society hopes to adapt to the very different world that awaits. In this talk, we will exploit simple extreme value theory to make predictions about the late 21st century climate. Current work on the relationship between global warming and the hurricane cycle will also be presented. The bottom line is that events that are considered rare today

425

BPL Global | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BPL Global BPL Global Jump to: navigation, search Name BPL Global Place Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Zip 15222 Product BPL Global is a Pittburgh based company that uses broadband over powerline (BPL) to intergrate offerings of advanced metering infrastructure and broadband internet. Coordinates 40.438335°, -79.997459° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.438335,"lon":-79.997459,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

426

The Psychology of Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The evidence in support of global warming and the lack of significant published evidence to the contrary provides an extraordinarily strong foundation for the scientific community's call for action on greenhouse gas emissions. However, public ...

Ben R. Newell; Andrew J. Pitman

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

MEMS Relays | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MEMS Technology 2-1-7-v-metal-mems-devices MEMS: Inside the Global Research Cleanroom 2-3-11-v Carousolar Uses Solar Power for Fun 2-2-6-v GE Scientists Demonstrate...

428

Tropospheric chemistry: A global perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a global Openshaw, K. , Wood fuels the developing world, Newbetween 6 and 40% of wood fuel is converted to charcoalsimilar to that for wood fuel. The source for CO given in

Logan, Jennifer A; Prather, Michael J; Wofsy, Steven C; McElroy, Michael B

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The Sun's global magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the plasma in the Sun's atmosphere...representation of the Sun's large-scale...high density and temperature contrast between...the density and temperature distributions found in the global...magnetic fields on the Sun and other stars...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Global energy demand to 2060  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The projection of global energy demand to the year 2060 is of particular interest because of its relevance to the current greenhouse concerns. The long-term growth of global energy demand in the time scale of climatic change has received relatively little attention in the public discussion of national policy alternatives. The sociological, political, and economic issues have rarely been mentioned in this context. This study emphasizes that the two major driving forces are global population growth and economic growth (gross national product per capita), as would be expected. The modest annual increases assumed in this study result in a year 2060 annual energy use of >4 times the total global current use (year 1986) if present trends continue, and >2 times with extreme efficiency improvements in energy use. Even assuming a zero per capita growth for energy and economics, the population increase by the year 2060 results in a 1.5 times increase in total annual energy use.

Starr, C. (Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Global Consequences of Land Use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...purposes of illustration, we compare three hypothetical landscapes: a natural ecosystem...Russia, 1998 ). 28 S. L. Postel , Pillar of Sand: Can the Miracle...services in the long term. | Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment (SAGE...

Jonathan A. Foley; Ruth DeFries; Gregory P. Asner; Carol Barford; Gordon Bonan; Stephen R. Carpenter; F. Stuart Chapin; Michael T. Coe; Gretchen C. Daily; Holly K. Gibbs; Joseph H. Helkowski; Tracey Holloway; Erica A. Howard; Christopher J. Kucharik; Chad Monfreda; Jonathan A. Patz; I. Colin Prentice; Navin Ramankutty; Peter K. Snyder

2005-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

432

Global Warming: A Science Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fossil fuels (i.e., coal, oil, and natural gas) provide about ... various control efforts and to the problem of global warming, which is now being considered by governments ... six key aspects of the scientific f...

Michael C. MacCracken

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Global air quality and climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CRITICAL REVIEW Global air quality and climatewz Arlene M.determine regional air quality and can alter climate.to-continental scale air quality. Reducing the O 3 precursor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

THE GLOBAL NUCLEAR ENERGY PARTNERSHIP:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

GLOBAL NUCLEAR ENERGY PARTNERSHIP: GLOBAL NUCLEAR ENERGY PARTNERSHIP: Greater Energy Security in a Cleaner, Safer World The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) is a comprehensive strategy to increase U.S. and global energy security, encourage clean development around the world, reduce the risk of nuclear proliferation, and improve the environment. A plentiful, reliable supply of energy is the cornerstone of sustained economic growth and prosperity. Nuclear power is the only proven technology that can provide abundant supplies of base load electricity reliably and without air pollution or emissions of greenhouse gasses. In order to help meet growing demand for energy at home and encourage the growth of prosperity around the globe, GNEP provides for the safe, extensive expansion of clean nuclear power.

435

Building Technologies Office: Global Superior Energy Performance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Superior Energy Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides

436

Sunrise Global Solar Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sunrise Global Solar Energy Place: Taoyuan County, Taiwan Zip: 330 Sector: Solar Product: Engaged in solar monocrystalline cell design and production. References: Sunrise Global...

437

Carbon Markets Global Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Markets Global Ltd Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: NW4 2HT Product: Assist project originators develop and finance clean development projects. References: Carbon Markets Global...

438

Understanding Public Perceptions of Global Warming.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this dissertation, I investigate the determinants on Americans perceptions of global warming and individuals environmentally significant behaviors to reduce global warming. Specially, I examine (more)

Shao, Wanyun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

New Medical Technology | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of care and expanding medical treatment boundaries. Home > Innovation > Healthcare Additive Manufacturing Demonstration at GE Global Research See how GE Global Research is...

440

Global Threat Reduction Initiative | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Reduction Initiative An overview of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative, U.S.-Origin Nuclear Fuel Removals. Global Threat Reduction Initiative More Documents &...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Global Threat Reduction Initiative | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Initiative Global Threat Reduction Initiative The Current Status of Gap and U.S.-Origin Nuclear Fuel Removals 2011. Global Threat Reduction Initiative More Documents &...

442

GLOBAL CONVERGENCE OF AN ELASTIC MODE APPROACH ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Definition (Global Convergence Safeguard). We say that a nonlinear pro- gramming algorithm has a global convergence safeguard if any accumulation point of.

443

Oil & Gas Technology Center | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Research Oil & Gas Technology Center GE Global Research Oil & Gas Technology Center Mark Little, SVP and chief technology officer for GE, and Eric Gebhardt, vice president...

444

THE RADIATION SAFETY INFORMATION COMPUTATIONAL CENTER (RSICC) - A RESOURCE FOR COMPUTATIONAL TOOLS FOR NUCLEAR APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC), which has been in existence since 1963, is the principal source and repository in the United States for computational tools for nuclear applications. RSICC collects, organizes, evaluates and distributes nuclear software and data involving the transport of neutral and charged particle radiation, and shielding and protection from radiation associated with: nuclear weapons and materials, fission and fusion reactors, outer space, accelerators, medical facilities, and nuclear waste. RSICC serves over 12,000 scientists and engineers from 94 countries. RSICC software provides in-depth coverage of radiation related topics: the physics of the interaction of radiation with matter, radiation production and sources, criticality safety, radiation protection and shielding, radiation detectors and measurements, shielding materials properties, radiation waste management, atmospheric dispersion and environmental dose, medical applications, macro- and micro-dosimetry calculations.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL] [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Existence of solution to an evolution equation and a justification of the DSM for equations with monotone operators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An evolution equation, arising in the study of the Dynamical Systems Method (DSM) for solving equations with monotone operators, is studied in this paper. The evolution equation is a continuous analog of the regularized Newton method for solving ill-posed problems with monotone nonlinear operators $F$. Local and global existence of the unique solution to this evolution equation are proved, apparently for the firs time, under the only assumption that $F'(u)$ exists and is continuous with respect to $u$. The earlier published results required more smoothness of $F$. The Dynamical Systems method (DSM) for solving equations $F(u)=0$ with monotone Fr\\'echet differentiable operator $F$ is justified under the above assumption apparently for the first time.

N. S. Hoang; A. G. Ramm

2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

446

Viability of Existing INL Facilities for Dry Storage Cask Handling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report evaluates existing capabilities at the INL to determine if a practical and cost effective method could be developed for opening and handling full-sized dry storage casks. The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) CPP-603, Irradiated Spent Fuel Storage Facility, provides the infrastructure to support handling and examining casks and their contents. Based on a reasonable set of assumptions, it is possible to receive, open, inspect, remove samples, close, and reseal large bolted-lid dry storage casks at the INL. The capability can also be used to open and inspect casks that were last examined at the TAN Hot Shop over ten years ago. The Castor V/21 and REA-2023 casks can provide additional confirmatory information regarding the extended performance of low-burnup (<45 GWD/MTU) used nuclear fuel. Once a dry storage cask is opened inside CPP-603, used fuel retrieved from the cask can be packaged in a shipping cask, and sent to a laboratory for testing. Testing at the INLs Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) can occur starting with shipment of samples from CPP-603 over an on-site road, avoiding the need to use public highways. This reduces cost and reduces the risk to the public. The full suite of characterization methods needed to establish the condition of the fuel exists and MFC. Many other testing capabilities also exist at MFC, but when those capabilities are not adequate, samples can be prepared and shipped to other laboratories for testing. This report discusses how the casks would be handled, what work needs to be done to ready the facilities/capabilities, and what the work will cost.

Randy Bohachek; Charles Park; Bruce Wallace; Phil Winston; Steve Marschman

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Coal and climate regulations can co-exist  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jim Rogers, president and chief executive officer of Duke Energy Corporation, examines how coal and climate change regulations can co-exist. He addresses the need for economically sound choices for future energy needs, which is complicated by what he refers to as 'the elephant in the room'climate change. He observes that new CO{sub 2} regulations would increase the USA's cost of generating electricity over time and result in higher prices for customers, and he advocates that a gradual, economy-wide, market-based U.S. climate policy is the best option. 1 ref., 1 fig.

Rogers, J. [Duke Energy Corp., Charlotte, NC (United States)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

Review of existing residential energy efficiency certification and rating programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was prepared for the Office of Buildings and Community Systems, US Department of Energy (DOE). The principal objective of the report is to present information on existing Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS) and their features. Much of the information in this report updates a 1982 report (PNL-4359), also prepared by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for DOE. Secondary objectives of the report are to qualitatively examine the benefits and costs of HERS programs, review survey results on the attitudes of various user groups toward the programs, and discuss selected design and implementation issues.

Hendrickson, P.L.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Stationary black-hole binaries: A non-existence proof  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We resume former discussions of the question, whether the spin-spin repulsion and the gravitational attraction of two aligned black holes can balance each other. Based on the solution of a boundary problem for disconnected (Killing) horizons and the resulting violation of characteristic black hole properties, we present a non-existence proof for the equilibrium configuration in question. From a mathematical point of view, this result is a further example for the efficiency of the inverse ("scattering") method in non-linear theories.

Gernot Neugebauer; Jrg Hennig

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

450

Malaysia's Existing Green Homes Compliance with LEED for Homes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for Homes (LEED-H) rating method was tested on three existing Malaysian green homes (GH). This was to ascertain the amount of changes and modifications needed to configure LEED-H to suit the local context. The three \\{GHs\\} are Demonstration, Cool and Energy Efficient House (DCEEH), Smart and Cool Home (SCH) and CoolTek House (CTH). These are benchmark Malaysian \\{GHs\\} either due to their design, construction methods, building materials or operational procedures. It was found that all case studies did not comply with at least 12 mandatory prerequisites out of 23 as outlined in LEED-H.

Muhammad Azzam Ismail; Fahanim Abdul Rashid

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Radiation physics, biophysics, and radiation biology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research at the Center for Radiological Research is a multidisciplenary blend of physics, chemistry and biology aimed at understanding the mechanisms involved in the health problems resulting from human exposure to ionizing radiations. The focus is increased on biochemistry and the application of the techniques of molecular biology to the problems of radiation biology. Research highlights of the program from the past year are described. A mathematical model describing the production of single-strand and double-strand breaks in DNA as a function radiation quality has been completed. For the first time Monte Carlo techniques have been used to obtain directly the spatial distribution of DNA moieties altered by radiation. This information was obtained by including the transport codes a realistic description of the electronic structure of DNA. We have investigated structure activity relationships for the potential oncogenicity of a new generation of bioreductive drugs that function as hypoxic cytotoxins. Experimental and theoretical investigation of the inverse dose rate effect, whereby medium LET radiations actually produce an c effect when the dose is protracted, is now at a point where the basic mechanisms are reasonably understood and the complex interplay between dose, dose rate and radiation quality which is necessary for the effect to be present can now be predicted at least in vitro. In terms of early radiobiological damage, a quantitative link has been established between basic energy deposition and locally multiply damaged sites, the radiochemical precursor of DNA double strand breaks; specifically, the spatial and energy deposition requirements necessary to form LMDs have been evaluated. For the first time, a mechanically understood biological fingerprint'' of high-LET radiation has been established. Specifically measurement of the ratio of inter-to intra-chromosomal aberrations produces a unique signature from alpha-particles or neutrons.

Hall, E.J.; Zaider, M.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office Building for Energy Efficiciency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Existing Office Building for Energy Efficiency Liping Wang,Existing Office Building for Energy Efficiency Liping Wang

Wang, Liping

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 ARM 2003 Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement WARNING! WARNING! Today is April 1 But that has NO bearing on this message Today is April 1 But that has NO bearing on this message ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Two Topics Two Topics * Status of ARM (quick overview) * Science plan - ARM in the next 5 years * Status of ARM (quick overview) * Science plan - ARM in the next 5 years ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement ARM Status - Science ARM Status - Science * Steadily increasing productivity - Poster session - over 220 posters (may need to do something about submissions next year) - Peer-reviewed articles: 2.5 to 3 per year per

454

The flying radiation case  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Los Alamos foil implosion program has the goal of producing an intense, high-energy density x-ray source by converting the energy of a magnetically imploded plasma into radiation and material energy. One of the methods for converting the plasma energy into thermal energy and radiation and utilizing it for experiments is called the flying radiation case (FRC). In this paper the authors shall model the FRC and provide a physical description of the processes involved. An analytic model of a planar FRC in the hydrodynamic approximation is used to describe the assembly and shock heating of a central cushion by a conducting liner driver. The results are also used to benchmark a hydrodynamics code for modeling an FRC. They then use a radiation-hydrodynamics computational model to explore the effects of radiation production and transport when a gold plasma assembles on a CH cushion. Results are presented for the structure and evolution of the radiation hohlraum.

Brownell, J.H.; Bowers, R.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Applied Theoretical and Computational Physics Div.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Global land and water grabbing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...water grabbing enhance food and energy availability in the grabbing...until recently) for food (and energy) production...identified using the agro-economical zoning (AEZ) system (33...temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation, and wind speed were taken...

Maria Cristina Rulli; Antonio Saviori; Paolo DOdorico

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

RHOBOT: Radiation hardened robotics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A survey of robotic applications in radioactive environments has been conducted, and analysis of robotic system components and their response to the varying types and strengths of radiation has been completed. Two specific robotic systems for accident recovery and nuclear fuel movement have been analyzed in detail for radiation hardness. Finally, a general design approach for radiation-hardened robotics systems has been developed and is presented. This report completes this project which was funded under the Laboratory Directed Research and Development program.

Bennett, P.C.; Posey, L.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Hawaii-bound in search of global climate data | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hawaii-bound in search of global climate data Hawaii-bound in search of global climate data By Brian Grabowski * September 13, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint While the idea of a cruise to Hawaii may sound like paradise, making that same journey 25 times back and forth in a year might start to lose its appeal. But for a climate data-gathering machine called AMF2, perched aboard the ship, every trip is a chance to gather more data that is critical to understanding the Pacific Ocean's role in the global climate. The machine is the Department of Energy's second Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) mobile facility, operated and managed by Argonne scientists. It carries a suite of instruments to measure properties of clouds, the ocean, precipitation, aerosols, and radiation. Over the summer of 2013, the AMF2 traveled back and forth between Hawaii and Los Angeles,

458

Atomic Radiation (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This article states permissible levels of radiation in unrestricted areas, environmental standards for uranium fuel cycle and information about notification of incidents.

459

Radiation.cdr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

An average American's exposure is about 620 millirems per year from naturally occurring and other sources. Other Factors Background radiation varies with location....

460

Radiation Hazards Program (Minnesota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations, promulgated by the Department of Health, set allowable radiation standards and mitigation practices, as well as procedures for the transportation of hazardous material.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Radiation Safety September 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

...................................................................................... 8 2.6 RUA Holder........................................................................................................ 11 3.3 Radiation Use Authorization (RUA).......................................................................................... 11 3.4 Review of RUA Applications

California at Irvine, University of

462

Radiative polarization of electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a new method of calculating the radiative polarization of electrons in homogeneous magnetic fields, using the modified electron propagation function.

Julian Schwinger and Wu-yang Tsai

1974-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

463

Making Global Illumination User Friendly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Making Global Illumination User Friendly Making Global Illumination User Friendly Title Making Global Illumination User Friendly Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBL-37860 Year of Publication 1995 Authors Ward, Gregory J. Conference Name 6th Eurographics Workshop on Rendering Date Published 06/1995 Conference Location Dublin, Ireland Call Number LBL-37860 Abstract Global illumination researchers tend to think in terms of mesh density and sampling frequency, and their software reflects this in its user interface. Advanced rendering systems are rife with long command lines and parameters for tuning the sample densities, thresholds and other algorithm-specific variables, and the novice user is quickly lost in a sea of possibilities. This paper details a successful effort of making one such global illumination system usable by people who understand their problems, even if they do not understand the methods needed to solve them, through an assisted oracle approach. A single program is introduced to map a small set of intuitive control variables to the rendering commands and parameter settings needed to produce the desired output in a reasonable time. This new executive program then serves as the basis for a graphical user interface that is both friendly in its appearance and reliable in its performance. Finally, we conclude with some future directions for improving this interface.

464

Kyoto: Think Global, Act Local (K:TGAL) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kyoto: Think Global, Act Local (K:TGAL) Kyoto: Think Global, Act Local (K:TGAL) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kyoto: Think Global, Act Local (K:TGAL) Agency/Company /Organization Netherlands Development Cooperation Sector Land, Climate Topics GHG inventory Website http://www.communitycarbonfore Program Start 2003 Program End 2009 References K:TGAL[1] Kyoto: Think Global, Act Local (K:TGAL) Screenshot "Kyoto: Think Global, Act Local (K:TGAL) is a research and capacity building program, financed by the Netherlands Development Cooperation, it is investigating the possibilities and potential for Community Based Forest Management of existing natural forest to be included as an eligible carbon mitigation activity under international climate change agreements in the future, particularly under REDD policy. The program involves research teams

465

Shrinking Global Population: A futuristic scenario  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global population it will not be a game-changer. #12;Measures for changes in total births 1. TotalShrinking Global Population: A futuristic scenario or a current challenge. Hillel Bar of RSAI - Atlanta November 15, 2013 #12;The evolution of global population Year Global Population

Nagurney, Anna

466

PRINT ONLY: GLOBAL WARMING Alexeev V. A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRINT ONLY: GLOBAL WARMING Alexeev V. A. Global Warming: 0.6°C or Less? [#1035] The peculiarities of global warming on the Earth during the last century are discussed. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII (2007) full818.pdf #12;GLOBAL WARMING: 0.6 OR LESS? V.A.Alexeev; Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry

Rathbun, Julie A.

467

Case Study #1 "The Global Warming Debate"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHEM 001A Case Study #1 "The Global Warming Debate" Global warming is one of the most contentious issues of our time. There is an ongoing debate about whether global warming is caused by human activity.S., and because the scientific evidence used to determine if global warming is man-made is so difficult

Reed, Christopher A.

468

Appendix F. Radiation Appendix F. Radiation F-3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from natural and human-made sources. People are exposed to naturally occurring radiation constantlyAppendix F. Radiation #12;#12;Appendix F. Radiation F-3 Appendix F. Radiation This appendix presents basic facts about radiation. The information is intended to be a basis for understanding

Pennycook, Steve

469

Appendix F: Radiation Appendix F: Radiation F-3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. People are exposed to naturally occurring radiation constantly. For example, cosmic radiation; radon effects on the environment and biological systems. Radiation comes from natural and human-made sourcesAppendix F: Radiation #12;#12;Appendix F: Radiation F-3 P P P E E E N NN HYDROGEN ATOM DEUTERIUM

Pennycook, Steve

470

Appendix F: Radiation Appendix F: Radiation F-3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to naturally occurring radiation constantly. For example, cosmic radiation; radon in air; potassium in food on the environment and biological systems. Radiation comes from natural and human-made sources. People are exposedAppendix F: Radiation #12;#12;Appendix F: Radiation F-3 Fig. F.1. The hydrogen atom and its

Pennycook, Steve

471

Appendix G. Radiation Appendix G. Radiation G-3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from natural and human-made sources. People are exposed to naturally occurring radiation constantlyAppendix G. Radiation #12;#12;Appendix G. Radiation G-3 Appendix G. Radiation This appendix presents basic facts about radiation. The information is intended to be a basis for un- derstanding

Pennycook, Steve

472

Appendix F. Radiation Appendix F. Radiation F-3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from natural and human-made sources. People are exposed to naturally occurring radiation constantlyAppendix F. Radiation #12;#12;Appendix F. Radiation F-3 Appendix F. Radiation This appendix presents basic facts about radiation. The information is intended to be a basis for un- derstanding

Pennycook, Steve

473

A limited assessment and characterization of the solar radiation energy resources in the Caribbean region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of our work was to produce a preliminary assessment and characterization of the Caribbean region (Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, and Panama) solar radiation energy resources. Such information will be used to estimate the performance of, and identify the most promising applications of, solar heat technologies in the Caribbean region. We expect the solar radiation resources in the Caribbean region to be very location specific. Sunny areas will have an annual direct-beam resource of about 3,000 kWhm/sup /minus 2// and a global solar radiation resource of about 2,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2//. Cloud-covered areas will have annual solar radiation resources of about 1,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2/ for both the direct-beam and the global solar radiation. Monthly levels of solar radiaion will vary markedly, ranging from an average of 9 to 3 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the direct-beam and from an average of 7 to 4 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the global solar radiation. The Caribbean region is comparable to the Great Plains region of the US, in terms of annual solar radiation resources; however, thorough ''prospecting'' is required to avoid areas having very low amounts of solar radiation.

Hulstrom, R.L.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Radiation physics, biophysics, and radiation biology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following research programs from the Center for Radiological Research of Columbia University are described: Design and development of a new wall-less ultra miniature proportional counter for nanodosimetry; some recent measurements of ionization distributions for heavy ions at nanometer site sizes with a wall-less proportional counter; a calculation of exciton energies in periodic systems with helical symmetry: application to a hydrogen fluoride chain; electron energy-loss function in polynucleotide and the question of plasmon excitation; a non-parametric, microdosimetric-based approach to the evaluation of the biological effects of low doses of ionizing radiation; high-LET radiation risk assessment at medium doses; high-LET radiobiological effects: increased lesion severity or increased lesion proximity; photoneutrons generated by high energy medical linacs; the biological effectiveness of neutrons; implications for radiation protection; molecular characterization of oncogenes induced by neutrons; and the inverse dose-rate effect for oncogenic transformation by charged particles is LET dependent.

Hall, E.J.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Global Scratch File System at NERSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Scratch Scratch Global Scratch File System Overview The global scratch file system (or "global scratch") can be accessed by multiple NERSC systems. Its default quota is much larger than the Global Home quota, so it can be used to temporarily store large amounts of data. This file system is periodically purged. Platforms Using Global Scratch The global scratch file system is available on all NERSC systems except PDSF. Quotas Default global scratch quotas are 20 TB and 2,000,000 inodes. If you need more than that, fill out the Disk Quota Change Request Form. Purging Yes, files in global scratch file system are subject to purging. Backup No, Files in global scratch file system are not backed up. Environment Variable You can reference your personal scratch directory in global scratch as

476

Expert Meeting Report: Windows Options for New and Existing Homes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Windows Options for New and Existing Homes C. Ojczyk, J. Carmody, and K. Haglund NorthernSTAR May 2013 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, subcontractors, or affiliated partners makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply

477

Measure Guideline: Selecting Ventilation Systems for Existing Homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document addresses adding -or improving - mechanical ventilation systems to existing homes. The purpose of ventilation is to remove contaminants from homes, and this report discusses where, when, and how much ventilation is appropriate in a home, including some discussion of relevant codes and standards. Advantages, disadvantages, and approximate costs of various system types are presented along with general guidelines for implementing the systems in homes. CARB intends for this document to be useful to decision makers and contractors implementing ventilation systems in homes. Choosing the "best" system is not always straightforward; selecting a system involves balancing performance, efficiency, cost, required maintenance, and several other factors. It is the intent of this document to assist contractors in making more informed decisions when selecting systems. Ventilation is an integral part of a high-performance home. With more air-sealed envelopes, a mechanical means of removing contaminants is critical for indoor environmental quality and building durability.

Aldrich, R.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Radiation effects in the environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although the Navajo possess substantial resource wealth-coal, gas, uranium, water-this potential wealth has been translated into limited permanent economic or political power. In fact, wealth or potential for wealth has often made the Navajo the victims of more powerful interests greedy for the assets under limited Navajo control. The primary focus for this education workshop on the radiation effects in the environment is to provide a forum where scientists from the nuclear science and technology community can share their knowledge toward the advancement and diffusion of nuclear science and technology issues for the Navajo public. The scientists will make an attempt to consider the following basic questions; what is science; what is mathematics; what is nuclear radiation? Seven papers are included in this report: Navajo view of radiation; Nuclear energy, national security and international stability; ABC`s of nuclear science; Nuclear medicine: 100 years in the making; Radon in the environment; Bicarbonate leaching of uranium; and Computational methods for subsurface flow and transport. The proceedings of this workshop will be used as a valuable reference materials in future workshops and K-14 classrooms in Navajo communities that need to improve basic understanding of nuclear science and technology issues. Results of the Begay-Stevens research has revealed the existence of strange and mysterious concepts in the Navajo Language of nature. With these research results Begay and Stevens prepared a lecture entitled The Physics of Laser Fusion in the Navajo language. This lecture has been delivered in numerous Navajo schools, and in universities and colleges in the US, Canada, and Alaska.

Begay, F.; Rosen, L.; Petersen, D.F.; Mason, C.; Travis, B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Yazzie, A. [Navajo Nation, Window Rock, AZ (United States). Dept. of History; Isaac, M.C.P.; Seaborg, G.T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Leavitt, C.P. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Radiation and Chemical Risk Management [EVS Program Area]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiation and Chemical Risk Management Radiation and Chemical Risk Management EVS helps meet the challenge of protecting human health and the environment through the management of risk associated with radiation and chemicals in the environment. Protecting human health, welfare, and the environment in a world affected by energy production and technology is a global challenge. EVS helps to meet this challenge through research and analysis on the management of risk associated with radiation and chemicals in the environment. To improve the management of risk associated with nuclear and chemical materials and wastes at contaminated sites, we develop information and tools that support decision making related to health, safety, environmental, economic, and social-cultural concerns. Nuclear Materials and Waste Disposition

480

The Sensitivity of Radiative Fluxes to Parameterized Cloud Microphysics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sensitivity of Radiative Fluxes to Sensitivity of Radiative Fluxes to Parameterized Cloud Microphysics S. F. Iacobellis and R. C. J. Somerville Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California San Diego, California G. M. McFarquhar University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, Illinois D. L. Mitchell Desert Research Institute Las Vegas, Nevada Introduction We have used a single-column model (SCM) to examine the sensitivity of fundamental quantities such as atmospheric radiative heating rates and surface and top of atmosphere (TOA) radiative fluxes to various parameterizations of clouds and cloud microphysics. When an SCM, which consists of one isolated column of a global atmospheric model, is forced with observational estimates of horizontal advection terms, the parameterizations within the SCM produce time-dependent fields which can be

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "global radiation exists" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Globalization: Ecological Consequences of Global-Scale Connectivity in People,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2005; Rial et al., 2004). For example, increasing atmospheric CO2 and other greenhouse gases of Agriculture ­ Agricultural Research Service, Las Cruces, New Mexico USA 1. Introduction Globalization). Movement of humans through improved transportation is leading to spread of pests and pathogens

482

Amplitude-phase coupling drives chimera states in globally coupled laser networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a globally coupled network of semiconductor lasers with delayed optical feedback, we demonstrate the existence of chimera states. The domains of coherence and incoherence that are typical for chimera states are found to exist for the amplitude, phase, and inversion of the coupled lasers. These chimera states defy several of the previously established existence criteria. While chimera states in phase oscillators generally demand nonlocal coupling, large system sizes, and specially prepared initial conditions, we find chimera states that are stable for global coupling in a network of only four coupled lasers for random initial conditions. The existence is linked to a regime of multistability between the synchronous steady state and asynchronous periodic solutions. We show that amplitude-phase coupling, a concept common in different fields, is necessary for the formation of the chimera states.

Fabian Bhm; Anna Zakharova; Eckehard Schll; Kathy Ldge

2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

483

Global change: Acronyms and abbreviations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This list of acronyms and abbreviations is compiled to provide the user with a ready reference to dicipher the linguistic initialisms and abridgements for the study of global change. The terms included in this first edition were selected from a wide variety of sources: technical reports, policy documents, global change program announcements, newsletters, and other periodicals. The disciplinary interests covered by this document include agriculture, atmospheric science, ecology, environmental science, oceanography, policy science, and other fields. In addition to its availability in hard copy, the list of acronyms and abbreviations is available in DOS-formatted diskettes and through CDIAC`s anonymous File Transfer Protocol (FTP) area on the Internet.

Woodard, C.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Stoss, F.W. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Global Health Leadership and Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...obvious and do not build particularly well on Foege's excellent foundation perhaps understandably, because this book charts truly new territory. It must have been difficult to organize such an army of prominent explorers and to keep them marching in the same direction. Editing the book must have been... It is a welcome breath of fresh air to read William H. Foege's preface to Global Health Leadership and Management. He zeroes in on the looming crisis in global public health with a tiger's instinct for the jugular vein. Bridging the huge gap between the ...

MacWilliams K.E.

2005-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

485

Global warming: A Northwest perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Northwest Power Planning Council convened a symposium in Olympia, Washington, on the subject of global climate change ( the greenhouse effect'') and its potential for affecting the Pacific Northwest. The symposium was organized in response to a need by the Power Council to understand global climate change and its potential impacts on resource planning and fish and wildlife planning for the region, as well as a need to understand national policy developing toward climate change and the Pacific Northwest's role in it. 40 figs., 15 tabs.

Scott, M.J.; Counts, C.A. (eds.)

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY Radiation Safety Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DDE ESTIMATED DOSE FROM CONCEPTION TO DECLARATION: DDE Radiation Safety Officer Signature for increased protection from ionizing radiation for declared pregnant radiation workers. The radiation dose of the occupational dose limit of 50 mSv (5.0 rem). The CPMC Radiation Safety Office will provide education

Jia, Songtao

487

RADIATION ONCOLOGY TARGET YOUR FUTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. · Radiation therapist - a health professional who designs, calculates (plans) and provides the radiation dose and monitors the delivery of radiation therapy, taking into account the protection and safety of patientsRADIATION ONCOLOGY TARGET YOUR FUTURE #12;A Career in Radiation Oncology YOUR CHOICE SAVE LIVES

Tobar, Michael

488

Direct Insertion of MODIS Radiances in a Global Aerosol Transport Model CLARK WEAVER,* ARLINDO DA SILVA, MIAN CHIN,# PAUL GINOUX,@ OLEG DUBOVIK,&,@@  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is directly inserted into the Goddard Chemistry and Aerosol Radiation Transport model (GOCART), which aerosol radiative forcing in the thermody- namic equation of GCMs, 3) to account for the reduc- tionDirect Insertion of MODIS Radiances in a Global Aerosol Transport Model CLARK WEAVER,* ARLINDO DA

Chin, Mian

489

Radiation safety system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......occupational illness to personnel, major damage...acceptable levels. Selection of control measures...or equipment operating correctly in...99 103 to 104 Personnel life safety...and abnormal operating conditions under...radiation risk to personnel, public and...worker radiation training) reduces the......

Vaclav Vylet; James C. Liu; Lawrence S. Walker

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Radiation safety system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......disable this safety function and...circuits and software. Other required...source in case of radiation monitors. Feedback...from other non-safety systems to prevent...write and check software. The expected...logic systems for safety functions can...levels of prompt radiation hazard. ACS......

Vaclav Vylet; James C. Liu; Lawrence S. Walker

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Risks from ionizing radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... RADON indoors now accounts for nearly half of the average UK population exposure to ionizing radiation ... exposure to ionizing radiation. We believe that the extent of the variation in exposure to radon in the United Kingdom and else-where and its magnitude in relation to exposures from ...

R. H. Clarke; T. R. E. Southwood

1989-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

492

Nuclear radiation actuated valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nuclear radiation actuated valve for a nuclear reactor. The valve has a valve first part (such as a valve rod with piston) and a valve second part (such as a valve tube surrounding the valve rod, with the valve tube having side slots surrounding the piston). Both valve parts have known nuclear radiation swelling characteristics. The valve's first part is positioned to receive nuclear radiation from the nuclear reactor's fuel region. The valve's second part is positioned so that its nuclear radiation induced swelling is different from that of the valve's first part. The valve's second part also is positioned so that the valve's first and second parts create a valve orifice which changes in size due to the different nuclear radiation caused swelling of the valve's first part compared to the valve's second part. The valve may be used in a nuclear reactor's core coolant system.

Christiansen, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Schively, Dixon P. (Richland, WA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Radiation Weighting Factors and High Energy Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......generally inadequate for high energy radiation. In order to determine...appropriate wR values in the high energy region, several criteria are...are proposed for neutrons of energy above 100 MeV and for protons above 10 MeV. The wR value for muons is confirmed to be practically......

M. Pelliccioni

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Synchrotron radiation studies of the  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two questions thought to have a significant effect on SiC-MOS device characteristics are treated. The existence of carbon clusters or carbon containing by-products and the existence of sub-oxides at the SiO2/SiC interface. Results of photoemission studies using synchrotron radiation of the interface of the Si-terminated surface of n-type SiC(0001) crystals are presented. The results show that no carbon clusters or carbon containing by-product can be detected at the interface of insitu or ex situ grown samples with an oxide layer thickness larger than . The presence of sub-oxides at the SiO2/SiC interface was predicted in a theoretical calculation and has been revealed in Si 2p core level data by several groups. These results were not unanimous; significant differences in the number of sub-oxide and shifts were reported. A study also including the Si 1s core level and Si KLL Auger transitions was therefore made. These data show the presence of only one sub-oxide at the interface, assigned to Si1+ oxidation states. The SiO2 chemical shift is shown to exhibit a dependence on oxide thickness, similar to but smaller in magnitude than the thickness dependence earlier revealed for SiO2/Si.

L I Johansson; C Virojanadara

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Estimation of external gamma radiation dose in the area of Bory Stobrawskie forests (PL)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rather poor relationship between E I and H...was found. The correlation coefficient value was 0.46, supposing existence of other important sources of gamma radiation in environment that were not i...

Agnieszka Do?ha?czuk-?rdka

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Adjuvant and Salvage Radiation Therapy After Prostatectomy: American Society for Radiation Oncology/American Urological Association Guidelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The purpose of this guideline was to provide a clinical framework for the use of radiation therapy after radical prostatectomy as adjuvant or salvage therapy. Methods and Materials: A systematic literature review using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane database was conducted to identify peer-reviewed publications relevant to the use of radiation therapy after prostatectomy. The review yielded 294 articles; these publications were used to create the evidence-based guideline statements. Additional guidance is provided as Clinical Principles when insufficient evidence existed. Results: Guideline statements are provided for patient counseling, use of radiation therapy in the adjuvant and salvage contexts, defining biochemical recurrence, and conducting a restaging evaluation. Conclusions: Physicians should offer adjuvant radiation therapy to patients with adverse pathologic findings at prostatectomy (ie, seminal vesicle invastion, positive surgical margins, extraprostatic extension) and salvage radiation therapy to patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) or local recurrence after prostatectomy in whom there is no evidence of distant metastatic disease. The offer of radiation therapy should be made in the context of a thoughtful discussion of possible short- and long-term side effects of radiation therapy as well as the potential benefits of preventing recurrence. The decision to administer radiation therapy should be made by the patient and the multidisciplinary treatment team with full consideration of the patient's history, values, preferences, quality of life, and functional status. The American Society for Radiation Oncology and American Urological Association websites show this guideline in its entirety, including the full literature review.

Valicenti, Richard K., E-mail: Richard.valicenti@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Davis, California (United States); Thompson, Ian [Department of Urology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas (United States); Albertsen, Peter [Division of Urology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut (United States); Davis, Brian J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, Minnesota (United States); Goldenberg, S. Larry [Department of Urologic Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Wolf, J. Stuart [Department of Urology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Sartor, Oliver [Department of Medicine and Urology, Tulane Medical School, New Orleans, Louisiana (United States); Klein, Eric [Glickman Urological Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States); Hahn, Carol [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Michalski, Jeff [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri (United States); Roach, Mack [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Faraday, Martha M. [Four Oaks, Inc (United States)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Conservation and Global Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V.6 Conservation and Global Climate Change Diane M. Debinski and Molly S. Cross OUTLINE 1. Introduction 2. How climate is changing 3. Environmental responses to climate change 4. Consequences of climate the coming decades will be preserving biodiversity in the face of climate change. It has become increasingly

Landweber, Laura

498

On globally Symmetric Finsler spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper consider the symmetric of Finsler spaces. We give some conditions about globally symmetric Finsler spaces. Then we prove that these spaces can be written as a coset space of Lie group with an invariant Finsler metric. Finally, we prove that such a space must be Berwaldian

Khatamy, R Chavosh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Workshop report Impact of Global  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with an emphasis on low-to-middle-income countries 21­23 March 2012 Wellcome Trust, London #12;IMPACT OF GLOBALWorkshop report Impact of Global Environmental Change on Food/Nutrition and Water in Relation ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE ON FOOD/NUTRITION AND WATER IN RELATION TO HUMAN HEALTH 21­23 March 2012 Wellcome Trust

Rambaut, Andrew

500

Cambio global y polucin atmosfrica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollution and forest ecosystems Atmospheric pollution is referred as a component of global change. The role on the interaction between pollution and climate change. Key words: atmospheric pollution, acidic rain, anatomical anatómicos y fisiológicos, micorrizas, recursos ge- néticos, masas forestales españolas. Abstract Atmospheric

Espigares, Tíscar