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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

PROJECT SPECIFIC CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR A WAVE GLIDER-BASED PASSIVE ACOUSTIC DETECTION SYSTEM,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SPECIFIC CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR A WAVE SPECIFIC CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR A WAVE GLIDER-BASED PASSIVE ACOUSTIC DETECTION SYSTEM, Attachment PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY, RICHLAND, WASHINGTON Proposed Action Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) proposes to conduct a proof-of-principle study to develop a wave glider-based passive acoustic detection system for monitoring whale populations (e.g., presence, distribution, relative abundance). Long-term goals of the project include better understanding whale populations to facilitate environmentally responsible development of offshore energy and improving the capability to monitor the world's oceans. Location of Action The proposed action would occur at PNNL facilities in Richland, Washington; at the Marine Science Laboratory

2

History of proposed Acoustical Society standard on “Underwater Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Bioacoustic Applications”.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2005 an ASA working group was formed to examine whether a standard should exist for “Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Marine Mammal Mitigation for Seismic Surveys”. Public discussions at subsequent meetings quickly showed that no consensus existed for specifying hardware requirements for passive acoustic measurements but consensus did seem possible for specifying “minimum requirements for recording and reporting bioacoustic data”. The proposed standard was renamed “Underwater Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Bioacoustic Applications” with three defined goals: (1) providing a set of requirements for information to be documented while recording acoustic data at sea (metadata requirements); (2) detailing the minimum information about acoustic hardware and software to be included when reporting results in gray or peer?reviewed literature; and (3) specifying metrics to be used when summarizing the features of an acoustic signal such as signal?to?noise ratio. A set of recommended best?practice procedures and equipment capabilities would also be included as an informative annex. After languishing for several years an attempt is being made to develop the standard further. This presentation describes the ASA standard outlines the development process and sketches the current thinking on the standard with an emphasis on the metrics portion.

Aaron Thode; David K. Mellinger

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

History of the Acoustical Society of America’s standard on “Underwater Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Bioacoustic Applications”: Metadata issues.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2005 an ASA working group was formed to examine whether a standard should exist for “Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Marine Mammal Mitigation for Seismic Surveys”. Public discussions at subsequent meetings quickly showed no consensus existed for specifying hardware requirements for passive acoustic measurements but consensus did seem possible for specifying “minimum requirements for recording and reporting bioacoustic data.” The proposed standard was renamed “Underwater Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Bioacoustic Applications” with three defined goals: (1) providing a set of requirements for information to be documented while recording acoustic data at sea (metadata requirements); (2) detailing the minimum information about acoustic hardware and software to be included when reporting results in gray or peer?reviewed literature; and (3) specifying metrics to be used when summarizing the features of an acoustic signal. After languishing for several years an attempt is being made to develop the standard further. This presentation describes what ASA standards are outlines the development process and sketches the current status of the standard with an emphasis on metadata issues.

Aaron Thode; David K. Mellinger

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Acoustic Barcodes: Passive, Durable and Inexpensive Notched Identification Tags  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

barcodes with their (un-instrumented) fin- gers. It is also possible to use rings, pens, dry erase markers: the Cricket System [15] uses coded ultrasound pulses to locate and identify users in an instrumented room. Hambone [3] is a wrist-worn acoustic sensor that detects movement of the arms via bone conduction,

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

5

Passive and Active Acoustics Using an Autonomous Wave Glider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Resources Engineering, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 e-mail: bhowe@hawaii.edu Lee the dependence on hydrophone location and sea state. Using the same instrumentation, we demonstrate the ability; it is mobile, provides ample solar power for per- sistent deployments, emits very little acoustic energy

Frandsen, Jannette B.

6

Passive acoustics embedded on gliders—Weather observation through ambient noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Underwater gliders can provide high resolution water temperature and salinity profiles. Being able to associate them with a surface weather conditions estimation would allow to better study sea-air interactions. Since in-situ observations of the marine meteorological parameters are difficult the development of a glider embedded weather sensor has been studied based on the WOTAN approach. In the 1–30 kHz frequency range the background underwater noise is dominated by wind generated noise. Focusing on the sound pressure level at 5 8 10 and 20 kHz allows to estimate the wind speed. Thus deploying a glider with an embedded hydrophone gives an access to the surface weather conditions around its position. We have deployed gliders in the Mediterranean sea with passive acoustic monitoring devices onboard. Four months of data have been recorded. Wind speed estimations have been confronted to weather buoys observations and atmospheric models predictions. Wind estimates have been obtained with a ~2 m/s error. A specific emphasis has been placed on the robustness of the processing through multi frequencies analysis and depth induced attenuation correction. A downscaling study has been performed on the acoustic sampling protocol in order to meet the low energy consumption glider standards for a future real time embedded processing. The glider generated noise and its vertical movement are not perturbing the estimation. Moreover the surface behavior of the Slocum gliders allows an estimation of the wind direction.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

PASSIVE WIRELESS SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSORS FOR MONITORING SEQUESTRATION SITES CO2 EMISSION  

SciTech Connect

University of Pittsburgh’s Transducer lab has teamed with the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE NETL) to conduct a comprehensive study to develop/evaluate low-cost, efficient CO2 measuring technologies for geological sequestration sites leakage monitoring. A passive wireless CO2 sensing system based on surface acoustic wave technology and carbon nanotube nanocomposite was developed. Surface acoustic wave device was studied to determine the optimum parameters. Delay line structure was adopted as basic sensor structure. CNT polymer nanocomposite was fabricated and tested under different temperature and strain condition for natural environment impact evaluation. Nanocomposite resistance increased for 5 times under pure strain, while the temperature dependence of resistance for CNT solely was -1375ppm/?. The overall effect of temperature on nanocomposite resistance was -1000ppm/?. The gas response of the nanocomposite was about 10% resistance increase under pure CO2. The sensor frequency change was around 300ppm for pure CO2. With paralyne packaging, the sensor frequency change from relative humidity of 0% to 100% at room temperature decreased from over 1000ppm to less than 100ppm. The lowest detection limit of the sensor is 1% gas concentration, with 36ppm frequency change. Wireless module was tested and showed over one foot transmission distance at preferred parallel orientation.

Wang, Yizhong; Chyu, Minking; Wang, Qing-Ming

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

8

Passive acoustic monitoring of biological and anthropogenic sounds at America’s first offshore wind farm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cape Wind situated in Nantucket Sound Massachusetts is poised to become America’s first offshore windfarm. Our objective is to establish baseline (pre-construction) sound levels of human and biological activity including diel and seasonal variability of various sound types at the construction site and three nearby comparison sites. Acoustic recorders have been deployed since April 2012 recording on a 10% duty cycle (sample rate: 80 kHz). Biological contributions to the local soundscape are primarily fish sounds with the dominant signal likely being cusk eel (Family Ophidiidae) calls. These calls which are composed of stereotyped pulses with an average bout duration of 3.3 ±0.8 s and mean peak frequency of 1030 ±200 Hz show both seasonal and diel variation. Dense choruses were detected during summer (July) but limited activity occurred in the fall and winter. During vocal periods detections occurred throughout the day but peaked near dusk. Vessel traffic also showed diel and seasonal trends with peaks during the daytime and in the summer which indicates that boat activity can be tracked acoustically. These trends in biological and anthropogenic activity provide key baseline records for evaluating the influence of windfarm construction and operation on a local US soundscape.

T. Aran Mooney; Maxwell B. Kaplan; Luca Lamoni; Aimee Boucher; Laela S. Sayigh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

15 Acoustic Daylight Imaging in the Michael J. Buckingham  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of radiation, including light. Acoustic techniques are thus a pre- ferred choice for probing the ocean depths. Two types of acoustic sys- tems, passive sonar and active sonar, are commonly used as detection devices in the ocean [1]. A passive sonar simply listens for the sound radiated by a target

Buckingham, Michael

10

CX-008012: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

012: Categorical Exclusion Determination 012: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008012: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wave Glider-Based Passive Acoustic Detection System CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B3.16, Date: 01/04/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Science, Pacific Northwest Site Office Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) proposes to conduct a proof-of-principle study to develop a wave glider-based passive acoustic detection system for monitoring whale populations (e.g., presence, distribution, relative abundance). Long-term goals of the project include better understanding whale populations to facilitate environmentally responsible development of offshore energy and improving the capability to monitor the world's oceans. CX-008012.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-008181: Categorical Exclusion Determination

11

Architectural acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This tutorial will familiarize people with basic concepts in architectural acoustics. Many slides of actual buildings and a brief audio tape will be used to illustrate connections between the visual appearance of buildings and the qualities of their sonic environment. The presentation will provide examples and explanations of common acoustic experiences in buildings with the under?lying reasons for their occurrence. Architectural acoustics can be characterized as an evolving empirical exploration of basic principles from many areas of acoustics through creative testing in the design and subsequent evaluation of buildings. A historical review of applied acoustical principles translated into the medium of architecture will be presented in four primary areas: (1) subjective impressions including qualities of music speech intelligibility and annoyance which are the basis for current design criteria; (2) room acoustics design with an emphasis on auditoria schools restaurants and other public buildings; (3) providing privacy from unwanted sounds and vibrations through discussion of standard measurement techniques such as sound transmission class (STC); and (4) management of noise from HVAC systems and other equipment and processes in buildings. Interesting case studies will demonstrate how complex the practical application of even relatively simple acoustical principles can be in many buildings. In recent years a significant community of laboratory and applied researchers dedicated to this field has emerged to question and quantify the empirical knowledge base that has been accumulated over time. Recent topics of interest such as new measurement modeling and simulation techniques will be briefly introduced.

Gary W. Siebein

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

From Reflexive to Passive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous approaches to the passive development from a reflexive marking focus on how the former is similar to the latter semantically and syntactically. I show that the passive evolution is better understood by looking at ...

Sohn, Joong-Sun

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Brief Coordinated passivation designs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In two-input (or multi-input) nonlinear systems it may be possible to achieve feedback passivation of a chosen input using the second input (other inputs) to improve the stability properties of the first input's zero dynamics. This 'coordinated passivation' ... Keywords: Nonlinear passivation, Turbocharged diesel engine, Zero dynamics

Michael Larsen; Mrdjan Jankovi?; Petar V. Kokotovi?

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Acoustics education in Ukraine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustics education in Ukraine is considered. In more than 40 universities students learn acoustics: in the acoustics department of the National Technical University in Ukraine (only one department in Ukraine) and many related departments such as Nondestructive Testing Physics Electrical Engineering etc. Acoustical specializations of departments are presented. The most promising and developing acoustical specialization is biomedical acoustics.

Stanislav M. Mayevskyy; Leonid M. Gelman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Analysis of an arrayed acoustic listening system for sperm whale studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concern for the preservation of cetacean habitats has created the need for survey methods which can cover large ocean areas and provide accurate estimates of population density and abundance. Between the years of 1991 and 1996 passive acoustic...

Duncan, Michael Eric

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

16

Passive solar homes. [Glossary  

SciTech Connect

The concept of passive solar energy is described; the various functions which passive solar systems must perform are explained; and the various types of passive systems found in the Cycle 5 projects are discussed. Each of 91 solar home designs are discussed and some of the key points raised in the discussion of passive solar concepts are indicated in these descriptions and on the illustrations. Additional detail on issues of climate requirements and site design concerns, examples of building construction details showing good practice, and suggestions on how to market solar homes are included. The appendices address more technical aspects of the design and evaluation of passive solar homes, and provide information on other resources available to those involved in passive solar housing. (MHR)

McPhillips, M.; Powell, P.C. (eds.)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Passive solar space heating  

SciTech Connect

An overview of passive solar space heating is presented indicating trends in design, new developments, performance measures, analytical design aids, and monitored building results.

Balcomb, J.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Principles of Passive House  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Principles of Passive House Principles of Passive House Speaker(s): Wolfgang Feist Date: November 1, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Alan Meier The Passive House ("Passivhaus") concept is a rigorous, voluntary energy performance standard for buildings that reduces heating requirements by up to 90% and overall energy use by up to 80% over standard construction. Developed in Germany in the early 1990s and drawing on Super-insulated and Passive Solar ideas from North America and "Low Energy" European building standards, the concept of a building that could be practically constructed to maintain a comfortable interior climate without conventional heating or cooling systems was devised, tested and proven. The Passive House remains comfortable without large "active"

19

Passive solar construction handbook  

SciTech Connect

Many of the basic elements of passive solar design are reviewed. The unique design constraints presented in passive homes are introduced and many of the salient issues influencing design decisions are described briefly. Passive solar construction is described for each passive system type: direct gain, thermal storage wall, attached sunspace, thermal storage roof, and convective loop. For each system type, important design and construction issues are discussed and case studies illustrating designed and built examples of the system type are presented. Construction details are given and construction and thermal performance information is given for the materials used in collector components, storage components, and control components. Included are glazing materials, framing systems, caulking and sealants, concrete masonry, concrete, brick, shading, reflectors, and insulators. The Load Collector Ratio method for estimating passive system performance is appended, and other analysis methods are briefly summarized. (LEW)

Levy, E.; Evans, D.; Gardstein, C.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Acoustic plug release indicator  

SciTech Connect

The present invention comprises an acoustic plug release indicator system. The acoustic plug release indicatior system comprises a microphone, recording system and operator listening device.

Carter, E.E. Jr.

1984-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Active micromixer using surface acoustic wave streaming  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An active micromixer uses a surface acoustic wave, preferably a Rayleigh wave, propagating on a piezoelectric substrate to induce acoustic streaming in a fluid in a microfluidic channel. The surface acoustic wave can be generated by applying an RF excitation signal to at least one interdigital transducer on the piezoelectric substrate. The active micromixer can rapidly mix quiescent fluids or laminar streams in low Reynolds number flows. The active micromixer has no moving parts (other than the SAW transducer) and is, therefore, more reliable, less damaging to sensitive fluids, and less susceptible to fouling and channel clogging than other types of active and passive micromixers. The active micromixer is adaptable to a wide range of geometries, can be easily fabricated, and can be integrated in a microfluidic system, reducing dead volume. Finally, the active micromixer has on-demand on/off mixing capability and can be operated at low power.

Branch; Darren W. (Albuquerque, NM), Meyer; Grant D. (Ithaca, NY), Craighead; Harold G. (Ithaca, NY)

2011-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

22

ACR-1000 Passive Features  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced CANDU Reactor{sup TM} (ACR{sup TM}) is a Generation III+ pressure tube type reactor using light water coolant and heavy water moderator. The ACR-1000 reactor design is an evolutionary extension of the proven CANDU reactor design. The ACR-1000 incorporates multiple and diverse passive systems for accident mitigation. Where necessary, one or more features that are passive in nature have been included for mitigation of any postulated accident event. This paper describes how the use of passive design elements complements active features enhances reliability and improves safety margins. (authors)

Lekakh, Boris; Hau, Ken; Ford, Steven [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. (Canada)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Acoustic transducer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic transducer is described comprising a one-piece hollow mandrel into the outer surface of which is formed a recess with sides perpendicular to the central axis of the mandrel and separated by a first distance and with a bottom parallel to the central axis and within which recess are a plurality of washer-shaped discs of a piezoelectric material and at least one disc of a temperature-compensating material with the discs being captured between the sides of the recess in a pre-stressed interference fit, typically at 2,000 psi of compressive stress. The transducer also includes a power supply and means to connect to a measurement device. The transducer is intended to be used for telemetry between a measurement device located downhole in an oil or gas well and the surface. The transducer is of an construction that is stronger with fewer joints that could leak fluids into the recess holding the piezoelectric elements than is found in previous acoustic transducers. 4 figs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1997-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

24

Acoustic transducer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic transducer comprising a one-piece hollow mandrel into the outer surface of which is formed a recess with sides perpendicular to the central axis of the mandrel and separated by a first distance and with a bottom parallel to the central axis and within which recess are a plurality of washer-shaped discs of a piezoelectric material and at least one disc of a temperature-compensating material with the discs being captured between the sides of the recess in a pre-stressed interference fit, typically at 2000 psi of compressive stress. The transducer also includes a power supply and means to connect to a measurement device. The transducer is intended to be used for telemetry between a measurement device located downhole in an oil or gas well and the surface. The transducer is of an construction that is stronger with fewer joints that could leak fluids into the recess holding the piezoelectric elements than is found in previous acoustic transducers.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Acquisition of the Passive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This single-subject pilot study, modeled after de Villiers' 1973, investigates the subject's acquisition of the passive construction (i.e., 'The boy was hit by the girl', as opposed to The girl hit the boy'). The purposes ...

Hill, Francine

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Passive hybrid sensing tag with flexible substrate saw device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The integration of surface acoustic wave (SAW) filters, microfabricated transmission lines, and sensors onto polymer substrates in order to enable a passive wireless sensor platform is described herein. Incident microwave pulses on an integrated antenna are converted to an acoustic wave via a SAW filter and transmitted to an impedance based sensor, which for this work is a photodiode. Changes in the sensor state induce a corresponding change in the impedance of the sensor resulting in a reflectance profile. Data collected at a calibrated receiver is used to infer the state of the sensor. Based on this principal, light levels were passively and wirelessly demonstrated to be sensed at distances of up to about 12 feet.

Skinner, Jack L.; Chu, Eric Y.; Ho, Harvey

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

27

PASSIVE DETECTION OF VEHICLE LOADING  

SciTech Connect

The Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Laboratory (DIRS) at the Rochester Institute of Technology, along with the Savannah River National Laboratory is investigating passive methods to quantify vehicle loading. The research described in this paper investigates multiple vehicle indicators including brake temperature, tire temperature, engine temperature, acceleration and deceleration rates, engine acoustics, suspension response, tire deformation and vibrational response. Our investigation into these variables includes building and implementing a sensing system for data collection as well as multiple full-scale vehicle tests. The sensing system includes; infrared video cameras, triaxial accelerometers, microphones, video cameras and thermocouples. The full scale testing includes both a medium size dump truck and a tractor-trailer truck on closed courses with loads spanning the full range of the vehicle's capacity. Statistical analysis of the collected data is used to determine the effectiveness of each of the indicators for characterizing the weight of a vehicle. The final sensing system will monitor multiple load indicators and combine the results to achieve a more accurate measurement than any of the indicators could provide alone.

Garrett, A.

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

28

Acoustic cryocooler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic cryocooler with no moving parts is formed from a thermoacoustic driver (TAD) driving a pulse tube refrigerator (PTR) through a standing wave tube. Thermoacoustic elements in the TAD are spaced apart a distance effective to accommodate the increased thermal penetration length arising from the relatively low TAD operating frequency in the range of 15-60 Hz. At these low operating frequencies, a long tube is required to support the standing wave. The tube may be coiled to reduce the overall length of the cryocooler. One or two PTR's are located on the standing wave tube adjacent antinodes in the standing wave to be driven by the standing wave pressure oscillations. It is predicted that a heat input of 1000 W at 1000 K will maintian a cooling load of 5 W at 80 K.

Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Martin, Richard A. (Los Alamos, NM); Radenbaugh, Ray (Louisville, CO)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Method of passivating semiconductor surfaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of passivating Group III-V or II-VI semiconductor compound surfaces. The method includes selecting a passivating material having a lattice constant substantially mismatched to the lattice constant of the semiconductor compound. The passivating material is then grown as an ultrathin layer of passivating material on the surface of the Group III-V or II-VI semiconductor compound. The passivating material is grown to a thickness sufficient to maintain a coherent interface between the ultrathin passivating material and the semiconductor compound. In addition, a device formed from such method is also disclosed.

Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Acoustic Based Sketch Recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investigate this new area, which we call acoustic based sketch recognition, and evaluate the possibilities of using it as a new interaction technique. We focus specifically on building a recognition engine for acoustic sketch recognition. We first propose a...

Li, Wenzhe

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

31

Passive Solar Space Heat | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Passive Solar Space Heat Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titlePassiveSolarSpaceHeat&oldid26718...

32

Passive Sensors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Passive Sensors Passive Sensors Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Passive Sensors Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Passive Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Remote Sensing Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Mineral maps can be used to show the presence of hydrothermal minerals and mineral assemblages Stratigraphic/Structural: Map structures/faults and regional strain rates Hydrological: Map surface water features Thermal: Map surface temperatures Dictionary.png Passive Sensors: Sensors that measure energy which is naturally available in the environment. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle

33

Passivated niobium cavities  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A niobium cavity exhibiting high quality factors at high gradients is provided by treating a niobium cavity through a process comprising: 1) removing surface oxides by plasma etching or a similar process; 2) removing hydrogen or other gases absorbed in the bulk niobium by high temperature treatment of the cavity under ultra high vacuum to achieve hydrogen outgassing; and 3) assuring the long term chemical stability of the niobium cavity by applying a passivating layer of a superconducting material having a superconducting transition temperature higher than niobium thereby reducing losses from electron (cooper pair) scattering in the near surface region of the interior of the niobium cavity. According to a preferred embodiment, the passivating layer comprises niobium nitride (NbN) applied by reactive sputtering.

Myneni, Ganapati Rao (Yorktown, VA); Hjorvarsson, Bjorgvin (Lagga Arby, SE); Ciovati, Gianluigi (Newport News, VA)

2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

34

3D acoustic imaging applied to the Baikal Neutrino Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hydro-acoustic imaging system was tested in a pilot study on distant localization of elements of the Baikal underwater neutrino telescope. For this innovative approach, based on broad band acoustic echo signals and strictly avoiding any active acoustic elements on the telescope, the imaging system was temporarily installed just below the ice surface, while the telescope stayed in its standard position at 1100 m depth. The system comprised an antenna with four acoustic projectors positioned at the corners of a 50 meter square; acoustic pulses were "linear sweep-spread signals" - multiple-modulated wide-band signals (10-22 kHz) of 51.2 s duration. Three large objects (two string buoys and the central electronics module) were localized by the 3D acoustic imaging, with a accuracy of ~0.2 m (along the beam) and ~1.0 m (transverse). We discuss signal forms and parameters necessary for improved 3D acoustic imaging of the telescope, and suggest a layout of a possible stationary bottom based 3D imaging setup. The presented technique may be of interest for neutrino telescopes of km3-scale and beyond, as a flexible temporary or as a stationary tool to localize basic telescope elements, while these are completely passive.

K. G. Kebkal; R. Bannasch; O. G. Kebkal; A. I. Panfilov; R. Wischnewski

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

Sound production by white shrimp (Penaeus setiferus) analysis of another crustacean-like sound from the Gulf of Mexico, and the possible use of passive sonar for dedication and stock assessment of shrimp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sound production by white shrimp (Penaeus setiferus) was studied acoustically and behaviorally. Another crustacean-like signal from the Gulf of Mexico was analyzed, and the use of passive sonar for the detection and stock assessment of shrimp...

Berk, Ilona M.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

36

Passive solar design handbook  

SciTech Connect

The Passive Solar Design Handbook, Volume Three updates Volume Two by presenting extensive new data on the optimum mix of conservation and solar direct gain, sunspaces, thermal storage walls, and solar radiation. The direct gain, thermal storage wall, and solar radiation data are greatly expanded relative to the Volume 2 coverage. The needed flexibility to analyze a variety of system designs is accommodated by the large number of reference designs to be encompassed - 94 in contrast to 6 in Volume two - and the large amount of sensitivity data for direct gain and sunspace systems - approximately 1100 separate curves.

Jones, R.W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Acoustics by additive manufacturing:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study focuses on exploring the merging field of additive manufacturing and acoustics and introduces a new type of sound absorber which is regulating performance… (more)

Setaki, F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Section 43: Passive Institutional Controls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(40 CFR 194.43) United States Department of Energy Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Carlsbad Field Office Carlsbad, New Mexico Compliance Recertification Application 2014 Passive...

39

Fly ash carbon passivation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermal method to passivate the carbon and/or other components in fly ash significantly decreases adsorption. The passivated carbon remains in the fly ash. Heating the fly ash to about 500 and 800 degrees C. under inert gas conditions sharply decreases the amount of surfactant adsorbed by the fly ash recovered after thermal treatment despite the fact that the carbon content remains in the fly ash. Using oxygen and inert gas mixtures, the present invention shows that a thermal treatment to about 500 degrees C. also sharply decreases the surfactant adsorption of the recovered fly ash even though most of the carbon remains intact. Also, thermal treatment to about 800 degrees C. under these same oxidative conditions shows a sharp decrease in surfactant adsorption of the recovered fly ash due to the fact that the carbon has been removed. This experiment simulates the various "carbon burnout" methods and is not a claim in this method. The present invention provides a thermal method of deactivating high carbon fly ash toward adsorption of AEAs while retaining the fly ash carbon. The fly ash can be used, for example, as a partial Portland cement replacement in air-entrained concrete, in conductive and other concretes, and for other applications.

La Count, Robert B; Baltrus, John P; Kern, Douglas G

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

40

Acoustic Heating Peter Ulmschneider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acoustic Heating Peter Ulmschneider lnstitut fiir Theoretische Astrophysik der Universitat waves are a viable and prevalent heating mechanism both in early- and in late-type stars. Acoustic heating appears to be a dominant mechanism for situations where magnetic fields are weak or absent

Ulmschneider, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Passive solar heating and analysis  

SciTech Connect

Passive solar heating experience and analysis techniques are reviewed with emphasis on annual auxiliary heat requirement. The role of analysis in the design of passive solar buildings is discussed. Selected results for existing systems are presented for locations in Saudi Arabia and climatically similar locations in the US. Advanced systems in the research stage are described.

Jones, R.W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Temperature initiated passive cooling system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive cooling system for cooling an enclosure only when the enclosure temperature exceeds a maximum standby temperature comprises a passive heat transfer loop containing heat transfer fluid having a particular thermodynamic critical point temperature just above the maximum standby temperature. An upper portion of the heat transfer loop is insulated to prevent two phase operation below the maximum standby temperature. 1 fig.

Forsberg, C.W.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

MODELING PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDINGS WITH HAND CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

time of day for a passive solar house under four differentresponse function for a passive solar house would begin toB(w)/A(w). A good passive solar house w i l l have B/A large

Goldstein, David B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Passive magnetic bearing system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An axial stabilizer for the rotor of a magnetic bearing provides external control of stiffness through switching in external inductances. External control also allows the stabilizer to become a part of a passive/active magnetic bearing system that requires no external source of power and no position sensor. Stabilizers for displacements transverse to the axis of rotation are provided that require only a single cylindrical Halbach array in its operation, and thus are especially suited for use in high rotation speed applications, such as flywheel energy storage systems. The elimination of the need of an inner cylindrical array solves the difficult mechanical problem of supplying support against centrifugal forces for the magnets of that array. Compensation is provided for the temperature variation of the strength of the magnetic fields of the permanent magnets in the levitating magnet arrays.

Post, Richard F.

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

45

Distributed Acoustic and Seismic Sensing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An overview of fiber optic distributed acoustic and seismic sensor system architectures is presented.

Kirkendall, Clay

46

Acoustic cooling engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic cooling engine with improved thermal performance and reduced internal losses comprises a compressible fluid contained in a resonant pressure vessel. The fluid has a substantial thermal expansion coefficient and is capable of supporting an acoustic standing wave. A thermodynamic element has first and second ends and is located in the resonant pressure vessel in thermal communication with the fluid. The thermal response of the thermodynamic element to the acoustic standing wave pumps heat from the second end to the first end. The thermodynamic element permits substantial flow of the fluid through the thermodynamic element. An acoustic driver cyclically drives the fluid with an acoustic standing wave. The driver is at a location of maximum acoustic impedance in the resonant pressure vessel and proximate the first end of the thermodynamic element. A hot heat exchanger is adjacent to and in thermal communication with the first end of the thermodynamic element. The hot heat exchanger conducts heat from the first end to portions of the resonant pressure vessel proximate the hot heat exchanger. The hot heat exchanger permits substantial flow of the fluid through the hot heat exchanger. The resonant pressure vessel can include a housing less than one quarter wavelength in length coupled to a reservoir. The housing can include a reduced diameter portion communicating with the reservoir. The frequency of the acoustic driver can be continuously controlled so as to maintain resonance.

Hofler, Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM); Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Acoustic well cleaner  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for cleaning the wellbore and the near wellbore region. A sonde is provided which is adapted to be lowered into a borehole and which includes a plurality of acoustic transducers arranged around the sonde. Electrical power provided by a cable is converted to acoustic energy. The high intensity acoustic energy directed to the borehole wall and into the near wellbore region, redissolves or resuspends the material which is reducing the permeability of the formation and/or restricting flow in the wellbore.

Maki, Jr., Voldi E. (11904 Bell Ave., Austin, TX 78759-2415); Sharma, Mukul M. (Dept. of Petroleum Engr. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX 78712)

1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

48

Acoustical heat pumping engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to an acoustical heat pumping engine without moving seals. A tubular housing holds a compressible fluid capable of supporting an acoustical standing wave. An acoustical driver is disposed at one end of the housing and the other end is capped. A second thermodynamic medium is disposed in the housing near to but spaced from the capped end. Heat is pumped along the second thermodynamic medium toward the capped end as a consequence both of the pressure oscillation due to the driver and imperfect thermal contact between the fluid and the second thermodynamic medium. 2 figs.

Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

49

The European Passive House Concept  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The European Passive House Concept The European Passive House Concept Speaker(s): Nabih Tahan Date: January 13, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Nabih will describe the European Passive House concept and modern, home manufacturing methods in Austria. The Passive House is a European standard for a specific way to build a house that consumes very little energy, is comfortable and has a high indoor air quality. It is a cost effective method of building, where conventional heating systems are eliminated, and their cost is reinvested in super insulation, super air-tightness and heat recovery. Free heat generated from electrical and gas appliances and lighting is recycled through the heat recovery ventilator. This results in buildings that consume 80% to 90% less heating energy while constantly

50

Experimental studies on passive dynamic bipedal walking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Passive dynamic walking is a gait developed, partially or in whole, by the energy provided by gravity. The research on passive dynamic bipedal walking helps create an understanding of walking mechanics. Moreover, the experimental passive dynamic research ... Keywords: Design and testing, Experiment, Gait patterns, Passive dynamic walking, Treadmill

Kazi Rushdi, Derek Koop, Christine Q. Wu

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

History of engineering acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the Providence RI meeting in December 1955 it was proposed to add three new technical committees to the original seven established about a year earlier. Two of the new ones Audio Engineering and Electroacoustics and Sonic and Ultrasonic Engineering are precursors of the present Engineering Acoustics Technical Committee. In 1961 the name of the former committee was shortened to Electroacoustics and I began to attend their meetings. In 1964 the scope of the committee was broadened and its present name of Engineering Acoustics adopted. Early repeatable experiments in engineering acoustics have been attributed to Benjamin Franklin and mostly anecdotal evidence exists before that. Modern developments involve interdisciplinary involvements with all acoustics and specifically with the discovery of new materials applications of their properties and inventions of a wide variety of devices for producing receiving and using acoustics. Henry Joule Bell Berliner Edison the Curie brothers DeForest and Fessenden will be among those noted with some related recognition of them by the Engineering Acoustics TC.

Stanley L. Ehrlich

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Acoustic Building Infiltration Measurement System (ABIMS)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Acoustic Building Infilitration Measurement System project is developing an acoustic method of measuring the infiltration of a building envelope.

53

High passive-stability diode-laser design for use in atomic-physics experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the design and performance characterization of an external cavity diode-laser system optimized for high stability, low passive spectral linewidth, low cost, and ease of in-house assembly. The main cavity body is machined from a single aluminum block for robustness to temperature changes and mechanical vibrations, and features a stiff and light diffraction-grating arm to suppress low-frequency mechanical resonances. The cavity is vacuum-sealed, and a custom-molded silicone external housing further isolates the system from acoustic noise and temperature fluctuations. Beam shaping, optical isolation, and fiber coupling are integrated, and the design is easily adapted to many commonly used wavelengths. Resonance data, passive-linewidth data, and passive stability characterization of the new design demonstrate that its performance exceeds published specifications for commercial precision diode-laser systems. The design is fully documented and freely available.

Cook, Eryn C; Brown-Heft, Tobias L; Garman, Jeffrey C; Steck, Daniel A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Spacetime transformation acoustics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recently proposed analogue transformation method has allowed the extension of transformation acoustics to general spacetime transformations. We analyze here in detail the differences between this new analogue transformation acoustics (ATA) method and the standard one (STA). We show explicitly that STA is not suitable for transformations that mix space and time. ATA takes as starting point the acoustic equation for the velocity potential, instead of that for the pressure as in STA. This velocity-potential equation by itself already allows for some transformations mixing space and time, but not all of them. We explicitly obtain the entire set of transformations that do not leave its form invariant. It is in these cases that ATA shows its true potential, allowing for building a transformation acoustics method that enables the full range of spacetime transformations. We provide an example of an important transformation which cannot be achieved with STA. Using this transformation, we design and simulate an acoustic frequency converter via the ATA approach. Furthermore, in those cases in which one can apply both the STA and ATA approaches, we study the different transformational properties of the corresponding physical quantities.

C. García-Meca; S. Carloni; C. Barceló; G. Jannes; J. Sánchez-Dehesa; A. Martínez

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

55

Autonomous adaptive acoustic relay positioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the problem of maximizing underwater acoustic data transmission by adaptively positioning an autonomous mobile relay so as to learn and exploit spatial variations in channel performance. The acoustic channel ...

Cheung, Mei Yi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Acoustic monitoring and signature analysis in nuclear and fossil energy generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustic monitoring and analysis in nuclear and fossil energy plants has been accompanied by transducer development for the hot environment. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission requires acoustic monitoring systems on nuclear reactors for detecting potential failures. Accelerometers are attached at critical points and their output is automatically analyzed to give warnings of loose parts or excessive vibration. In addition to providing a warning the system can monitor arrival time to be used for fault location. For use as a potential boiling detector of breeder reactors the acoustic signature of the sodium coolant boiling has been compared with background noise level. High temperature sodium?immersible microphones and waveguides for smooth energy transfer were developed for this investigation. High?temperature acoustic sensors have been used in a coal gasification plant. The presence of solids in a steam?char line has been automatically determined using passive monitoring of relative sound intensities of different frequency bands.

Henry B. Karplus

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

MODELING PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDINGS WITH HAND CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and are inaccurate i n modeling buildings with large solarDivision Modeling Passive Solar Buildings with Hand8583 EEB-W-79-05 MODELING PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDINGS WITH HAND

Goldstein, David B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

HCI gesture tracking using wearable passive tags  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis. a wearable system is developed to track hand gestures with passive RFID sensor tags. This system was composed of an ultra-high frequency reader and small, passive, finger-worn tags powered by scavenged RFID ...

Bainbridge, Rachel M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Building and marketing passive solar homes  

SciTech Connect

For passive solar to reach its potential as a force in dealing with the nation's energy problems, it must be adapted by the mainstream of the housing industry. This will only happen if passive solar can become part of the answer to the real issues concerning marketability and affordability that face the housing industry in the 80's. This paper discusses the forces which can be brought to bear to expedite the movement of passive solar into the housing industry and how passive solar can become an instrumental part in creating marketability in housing. It describes design concepts and marketing techniques that are compatible with passive solar.

Leach, J.W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Evaluation of Alternate Surface Passivation Methods (U)  

SciTech Connect

Stainless steel containers were assembled from parts passivated by four commercial vendors using three passivation methods. The performance of these containers in storing hydrogen isotope mixtures was evaluated by monitoring the composition of initially 50% H{sub 2} 50% D{sub 2} gas with time using mass spectroscopy. Commercial passivation by electropolishing appears to result in surfaces that do not catalyze hydrogen isotope exchange. This method of surface passivation shows promise for tritium service, and should be studied further and considered for use. On the other hand, nitric acid passivation and citric acid passivation may not result in surfaces that do not catalyze the isotope exchange reaction H{sub 2} + D{sub 2} {yields} 2HD. These methods should not be considered to replace the proprietary passivation processes of the two current vendors used at the Savannah River Site Tritium Facility.

Clark, E

2005-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Passive Neutron Detection at Borders  

SciTech Connect

Radiation portal monitor systems have been deployed to screen for illicit trafficking of radioactive materials at international border crossings. This report reviews some of the neutron detection requirements and capabilities of passive detection systems used for such applications. Simulations show the effects of cargo materials on neutron spectra, different detector geometries, using a large-array of neutron detectors, and the effects of backgrounds including “ship effect” neutrons.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Siciliano, Edward R.; Ely, James H.; Keller, Paul E.; McConn, Ronald J.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Acoustic paramagnetic logging tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth3 s magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation . The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be preformed in open boreholes and in cased well bores.

Vail, III, William B. (Bothell, WA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Modern Schoolroom Acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many teachers are faced with conducting classes in buildings that were obsolete thirty years ago. Others are or soon will be teaching in new schools which are in no way modern in some of their basic construction details. A classroom laboratory or auditorium is fundamentally a shelter in which the basic functions are seeing and hearing. Daylight provides satisfactory seeing a large part of the time. In spite of this about $1.50 per square foot is the average investment for auxiliary lighting while satisfactory acoustics is often completely overlooked or is the target of severe economy measures. Architects today are often eliminating or seriously compromising on the acoustical treatment expenditure while spending lavishly for less important materials. Eighty?five percent articulation will usually result in satisfactory hearing for adults because the context supplies the transitional ties. For children however especially the very young each word and every syllable is important. Excessive reverberation time or poor sound distribution may create conditions which seriously handicap the students and teachers alike. Modern medical methods have shown that poor eyes and poor hearing are often responsible for backward children who are really average or above average in mental ability. It is inexcusable to add to their natural handicaps those of poor architecture and poor engineering. Good acoustics is as fundamental as lighting and ventilation and much more attention should be paid to this phase of school design.

L. F. Yerges; M. A. Smith

1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. It is constructed from a commercially available, hollow cylindrical piezoelectric crystal which has been modified to tune the resonance frequency of the breathing mode resonance of the crystal to that

65

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 4340 of 26,777 results. 31 - 4340 of 26,777 results. Download EIS-0265-SA-170: Supplement Analysis Watershed Management Program http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0265-sa-170-supplement-analysis Download CX-007883: Categorical Exclusion Determination SunShot Initiative: Rooftop Solar Challenge to Induce Market Transformation CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 01/27/2012 Location(s): West Virginia Offices(s): Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007883-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-008012: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wave Glider-Based Passive Acoustic Detection System CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B3.16, Date: 01/04/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Science, Pacific Northwest Site Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-008012-categorical-exclusion-determination

66

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Science | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science Science Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Science Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Science. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD February 9, 2012 CX-008000: Categorical Exclusion Determination Crystal Chemistry of Toxic Metal Sequestration CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02/09/2012 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Science, Chicago Office January 5, 2012 CX-007676: Categorical Exclusion Determination Dynamic Compression Sector (DCS) project at Advanced Photon Source CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 01/05/2012 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Science, Argonne Site Office January 4, 2012 CX-008012: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wave Glider-Based Passive Acoustic Detection System CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B3.16, Date: 01/04/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Science, Pacific Northwest Site Office

67

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 16820 of 28,905 results. 11 - 16820 of 28,905 results. Download Risk Management RM This tool is the process of continuous and iterative identification and control of project risks and opportunities. Risks can be technical, financial, or programmatic. The goal for the risk... http://energy.gov/em/downloads/risk-management-rm Download Leasing of Department of Energy Property Memorandum from Eric Fygi, Acting General Counsel to Jennifer Fowler, Chief Counsel Oak Ridge Operations OfficeMarch 27, 1998 http://energy.gov/lm/downloads/leasing-department-energy-property Download ICAM Workshop http://energy.gov/cio/downloads/icam-workshop Download CX-008012: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wave Glider-Based Passive Acoustic Detection System CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B3.16, Date: 01/04/2012 Location(s): Washington

68

Acoustic emission during polymer crystallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... .G.; part support to L.K.) Acoustic Emission, Special Technical Publication 505, ASTM, Philadelphia, 1971; Grabec, I. & Peterlin, A. J. Polymer Sci. ...

A. Galeski; L. Koenczoel; E. Piorkowska; E. Baer

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Acoustic Character Of Hydraulic Fractures In Granite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydraulic fractures in homogeneous granitic rocks were logged with conventional acoustic-transit-time, acoustic-waveform, and acoustic-televiewer logging systems. Fractured intervals ranged in depth from 45 to 570m. and ...

Paillet, Frederick I.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Active control of passive acoustic fields: Passive synthetic apertureDoppler beamforming with data from an autonomous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from an autonomous vehicle Gerald L. D'Spain,a Eric Terrill, C. David Chadwell, Jerome A. Smith August 2006 The maneuverability of autonomous underwater vehicles AUVs equipped with hull-mounted arrays

Smith, Jerome A.

71

Passive Solar Home Design | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Solar Home Design Passive Solar Home Design Passive Solar Home Design June 24, 2013 - 7:18pm Addthis This North Carolina home gets most of its space heating from the passive solar design, but the solar thermal system (top of roof) supplies both domestic hot water and a secondary radiant floor heating system. | Photo courtesy of Jim Schmid Photography. This North Carolina home gets most of its space heating from the passive solar design, but the solar thermal system (top of roof) supplies both domestic hot water and a secondary radiant floor heating system. | Photo courtesy of Jim Schmid Photography. What does this mean for me? A passive solar home means a comfortable home that gets at least part of its heating, cooling, and lighting energy from the sun. How does it work?

72

Guide to Passive Solar Home Design  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Elements of Passive Solar Design Elements of Passive Solar Design To design a completely passive solar home, you need to incorporate what are considered the five elements of passive solar design: 1. Aperture (Windows) - Windows should face within 30 degrees of true south, and during winter months they should not be shaded from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. The windows in living areas should face south, while the windows in bedrooms should face north. In colder climates, reduce the window area

73

Rules of thumb for passive solar heating  

SciTech Connect

Rules of thumb are given for passive solar systems for: (1) sizing solar glazing for 219 cities, (2) sizing thermal storage mass, and (3) building orientation.

Balcomb, J.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Fear and loathing of the English passive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Writing advisers have been condemning the English passive since the early 20th century. I provide an informal but comprehensive syntactic description of passive clauses in English, and then exhibit numerous published examples of incompetent criticism in which critics reveal that they cannot tell passives from actives. Some seem to confuse the grammatical concept with a rhetorical one involving inadequate attribution of agency or responsibility, but not all examples are thus explained. The specific stylistic charges leveled against the passive are entirely baseless. The evidence demonstrates an extraordinary level of grammatical ignorance among educated English language critics.

Geoffrey K. Pullum

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Monitoring and Modeling of Passive Solar Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Amongst, the major barriers for commercialization of passive solar technologies for buildings is the lack of quantitative performance information. Further development of these technologies requires even more d...

Sukhbir Mahajan

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Acoustically invisible feeding blue whales in Northern Icelandic waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fixed passive acoustic monitoring can be used for long-term recording of vocalizing cetaceans. Both presence monitoring and animal density estimation requires the call rates and sound source levels of vocalizations produced by single animals. In this study blue whale calls were recorded using acoustic bio-logging systems in Skjálfandi Bay off Húsavík Northeast Iceland in June 2012. An accelerometer was attached to individual whales to monitor diving behavior. During 21?h recording two individuals 8?h 45?min and 13?h 2?min respectively 105 and 104 lunge feeding events and four calls were recorded. All recorded calls were down-sweep calls ranging from 105 to 48?Hz. The sound duration was 1–2?s. The source level was estimated to be between 158 and 169?dB re 1?Pa rms assuming spherical sound propagation from the possible sound source location to the tag. The observed sound production rates and source levels of individual blue whales during feeding were extremely small compared with those observed previously in breeding grounds. The feeding whales were nearly acoustically invisible. The function of calls during feeding remains unknown.

Tomonari Akamatsu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Definition: Passive Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Passive Solar Passive Solar Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Passive Solar Passive Solar techniques include selecting materials with favorable thermal properties, designing spaces that naturally circulate air, and referencing the position of a building to the Sun.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Solar energy, radiant light and heat from the sun, is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, solar photovoltaics, solar thermal electricity, solar architecture and artificial photosynthesis. Solar technologies are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on the way they capture, convert and distribute solar energy. Active solar techniques include the use of photovoltaic panels and solar thermal collectors to harness the energy.

78

Wireless technology and library acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The modern library cannot function without modern technology. Printers copiers wireless computers and espresso machines all contribute to the soundscape of the typical municipal library (and many academic libraries too). While some of these noise sources are stationary and can be isolated acoustically wireless computing has transformed the acoustic experience for the typical library patron. Study carrels and desks used to define the boundaries of study and work areas in libraries and architects could design spaces accordingly. With wireless technology every space is a study space. This paper will discuss the implications of wireless technology on library acoustics. Measurement results at a variety of case study libraries will be presented.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Measurement of Acoustic Impedance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic impedance of a sample of material forming one boundary of a shallow cylindrical cavity can be determined by measuring the sound pressure produced when a known volume current is injected into the cavity from a high impedance source. The volume current is effectively determined by observing the pressure when the cavity is terminated rigidly. An impedance determination is thus reduced to measurement of the complex ratio of two observed voltages. By designing a ring source to suppress the first radial mode of the cavity the upper frequency limit set by uniformity of pressure distribution is extended by at least an octave. By avoiding leaks measurements can also be extended to very low frequencies. Secondary effects due to finite source impedance viscosity and heat losses at the walls have been evaluated. The method appears to be simple rapid and precise.

O. K. El?Mawardi

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Acoustic detection of neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When high energy neutrinosinteract with nucleons in the ocean a jet of hadrons is produced which deposits thermal energy. This thermal energy is expected to produce a sonic pulse which hopefully will be sufficiently intense and directional to enable the energy and direction of incidence of the primary neutrino to be determined [Antares Parvulescu J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 61 580(A) (1977)]. This paper discusses the physical mechanism whereby the energy of the neutrino is converted into a sound pulse. A simple model will be exploited to account for the signature expected from such an event. [Work supported in part by the U. S. Naval Ocean Research and Development Activity and by the U. S. Department of Energy.

Peter J. Westervelt

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Acoustically invisible cylinder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coatings of new type recently proposed by the author (Acoustical Physics 2007 vol. 53 N5 pp. 535?545) are applied to bodies of cylindrical geometry to reduce reflection or scattering of sound and thus to make them undetectable by imaging systems. Such a coating called as a coating with extended reaction represents a periodic set of small elements with coupling between the neighboring elements. Appropriate choice of the coupling parameters makes its efficiency much higher than that of commonly used coatings. In the present paper it is shown by computer simulation that a rather simple coating of this type can reduce the back?scattered pressure amplitude more than 40 dB (with respect to the rigid cylinder) practically at all frequencies. Considerable reduction of the scattered power can also be achieved in a low frequency range. The width of this range and the reduction index depend on the number of couplings introduced into the coating.

Yuri Bobrovnitskii

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Evaluation of Passive and Active Soot Filters for Removal of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Passive and Active Soot Filters for Removal of Particulate Emissions from Diesel Engines Evaluation of Passive and Active Soot Filters for Removal of Particulate Emissions from...

83

Optimization of an Advanced Passive/Active Diesel Emission Control...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

an Advanced PassiveActive Diesel Emission Control System Optimization of an Advanced PassiveActive Diesel Emission Control System Evaluation of PM exhaust aftertreatment...

84

Passive Solar Building Design and Solar Thermal Space Heating...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Solar Building Design and Solar Thermal Space Heating Webinar Passive Solar Building Design and Solar Thermal Space Heating Webinar Watch a recording of National Renewable...

85

A Revealing Look Inside Passive and Active DPF Regeneration:...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A Revealing Look Inside Passive and Active DPF Regeneration: In-Situ Optical Analysis of Ash Formation and Transport A Revealing Look Inside Passive and Active DPF Regeneration:...

86

Acoustic Correlates of Information Structure.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports three studies aimed at addressing three questions about the acoustic correlates of information structure in English: (1) do speakers mark information structure prosodically, and, to the extent they do; ...

Breen, Mara

87

Los Alamos National Laboratory passive solar program  

SciTech Connect

Progress in passive solar tasks performed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory for FY-81 is documented. A third volume of the Passive Solar Design Handbook is nearly complete. Twenty-eight configurations of sunspaces were studied using the solar load ratio method of predicting performance; the configuration showing best performance is discussed. The minimum level of insolation needed to generate convective flow in the thermosiphon test rig is noted and measured. Information is also included on test room performance, off-peak auxiliary electric heating for a passive home, free convection experiment, monitored buildings, and technical support to the US Department of Energy.

Neeper, D.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Passive Seismic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Passive Seismic Techniques Passive Seismic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Passive Seismic Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(4) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Seismic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Seismic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock unit density influences elastic wave velocities. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural geology- faults, folds, grabens, horst blocks, sedimentary layering, discontinuities, etc. Hydrological: Combining compressional and shear wave results can indicate the presence of fluid saturation in the formation. Thermal: High temperatures and pressure impact the compressional and shear wave velocities.

89

Reflective echo tomographic imaging using acoustic beams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inspection system includes a plurality of acoustic beamformers, where each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers including a plurality of acoustic transmitter elements. The system also includes at least one controller configured for causing each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers to generate an acoustic beam directed to a point in a volume of interest during a first time. Based on a reflected wave intensity detected at a plurality of acoustic receiver elements, an image of the volume of interest can be generated.

Kisner, Roger; Santos-Villalobos, Hector J

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

90

Acoustic hemostasis: Underlying mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cessation of hemorrhage using extrinsic interventional methods is possible with delivery of energy to bleeding tissues i.e. cauterization. High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is one such method with significant advantages of delivering high levels of energy to well?defined regions of deep?seated tissues even during profuse bleeding. The physical mechanisms involved in this process include thermal and mechanical effects of HIFU leading to various biological effects. Our results using HIFU devices of 1–5 MHz and focal derated intensities of 1 000–10 000 W/cm2 in solid organs such as liver spleen and kidneys and major and minor blood vessels show that temperature of targeted tissues reaches 70–100°C within seconds with formation of microbubbles approximately 5??200 ? in size and concentration of 100 bubbles/mm3. It appears that boiling of interstitial fluids and blood and acoustic cavitation are both involved. The biological effects include coagulative necrosis mechanical disruption of tissue structure potentially leading to release of tissue factors enhancing the coagulation coagulum and thrombus formation at a wound site tissue fusion via collagen and elastin remodeling and fibrin plug formation with minimal damage of the surrounding tissues. These mechanisms appear to provide an effective and safe method of hemorrhage control. [Work supported by NIH DoD NSBRI.

Shahram Vaezy; Lawrence Crum; Steve Carter; Grant O’Keefe; Vesna Zderic; Roy Martin; Riyad Karmy?Jones

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission is one of the first Earth observation satellites being developed by NASA in response to the National Research Council's Decadal Survey. SMAP will make global measurements of ...

Entekhabi, Dara

92

A self-regulated passive fuel-feed system for passive direct methanol fuel cells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Unlike active direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) that require liquid pumps and gas compressors to supply reactants, the design of passive DMFCs eliminates these ancillary… (more)

Chan, Yeuk Him

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

International comparison of passive solar simulation codes  

SciTech Connect

Two software-software comparisons of passive solar simulation codes have been conducted by the Passive Solar Applications Group of the Committee on the Challenges to Modern Society. These exercises have involved the simulation of hypothetical Trombe wall and direct gain buildings located in Madison, Wisconsin. The countries that have participated in the exercise include Canada, Denmark, France, and the United States. All results available at the time of writing are discussed in this report.

Wray, W.O.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Convective Cooling and Passive Stack Improvements in Motors (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses current research at NREL in convective cooling and passive stack improvements in motors.

Bennion, K.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound Instructor-surface interaction. Spring 2011 1 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound #12;Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound Students are expected to: · Exhibit a level of mathematical maturity roughly equivalent

96

Lattice Boltzmann method for adiabatic acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sauro Succi and Stefano Ubertini Lattice Boltzmann method for adiabatic acoustics...Burlington, MA 01803, USA The lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) has been proved...recovery of the full NS equations. lattice Boltzmann method|computational aero-acoustics...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

IN ACOUSTICS UndergraduateCourses2015  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPLYING SOUND KNOWLEDGE IN ACOUSTICS Acoustics UndergraduateCourses2015 #12;SOUTHA 2 #12;Reach-leadingacademicsoncoursesthataredesignedaroundyou. Wegetyoureadyfortheglobaljobsmarket,whilegivingyouagreat studentexperience. Acousticalcountriestoreducenoise REDUCING AIRCRAFT NOISE OurRollsRoyceUniversity TechnologyCentreforGas Turbine

Sóbester, András

98

Acoustic data transmission through a drill string  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Acoustical signals are transmitted through a drill string by canceling upward moving acoustical noise and by preconditioning the data in recognition of the comb filter impedance characteristics of the drill string. 5 figs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1988-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

99

Discreet passive explosive detection through 2-sided wave guided fluorescence  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The current invention provides a passive sampling device suitable for collecting and detecting the presence of target analytes. In particular, the passive sampling device is suitable for detecting nitro-aromatic compounds. The current invention further provides a passive sampling device reader suitable for determining the collection of target analytes. Additionally, the current invention provides methods for detecting target analytes using the passive sampling device and the passive sampling device reader.

Harper, Ross James; la Grone, Marcus; Fisher, Mark

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

100

Acoustic Logs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Acoustic Logs Acoustic Logs Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Acoustic Logs Details Activities (7) Areas (6) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Well Log Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Well Log Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: determine porosity of layers Stratigraphic/Structural: map discontinuities to determine their orientation. Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 1.00100 centUSD 1.0e-3 kUSD 1.0e-6 MUSD 1.0e-9 TUSD / foot Median Estimate (USD): 4.62462 centUSD 0.00462 kUSD 4.62e-6 MUSD 4.62e-9 TUSD / foot High-End Estimate (USD): 16.001,600 centUSD 0.016 kUSD 1.6e-5 MUSD 1.6e-8 TUSD / foot

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Acoustic monitoring of severe weather in the Northeast Pacific Ocean.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind and rainfall are the principal physical processes responsible for the production of high?frequency (1–50 kHz) ambient sound in the ocean. The primary source of the sound is the resonant ringing of individual bubbles created during wave breaking and raindrop splashes. Larger bubbles (>300 ?m diameter) quickly return to the surface while smaller bubbles can be mixed downward at several meters. During severe weather a layer of smaller ambient bubble forms and effectively absorbs higher?frequency (>10 kHz) sound. These processes are revealed in a two?year record of ambient sound recorded from a subsurface mooring at 50N 145W in the NE Pacific Ocean as part of the Canadian SOLAS program. The passive acoustic signal of wind rain and ambient bubbleclouds are compared to the subsurface mooring data including data from an upward looking 200 kHz active sonar and a 300 kHz ADCP. The acoustic signatures of light moderate and heavy rainfall are superimposed on the signature of high wind demonstrating rainfall detection even in the presence of high wind. [Work supported by ONR Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the Canadian CFCAS NSERC.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Aircraft tracking by means of the Acoustical Doppler Effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper presents a passive acoustic method for aircraft tracking. The Acoustical Doppler Effect, characteristic of signals received by a mesh of spatially distributed microphones is the basis of the method. A one-dimensional version of the Ambiguity function permits the calculation of the frequency stretch factor that exists between the sound signals received by a pair of microphones. The expression for this frequency stretch is a function of the aircraft position and velocity which are estimated by a Genetic Algorithm. The method is suitable for all kinds of aircraft and requires only seven microphones plus the prior knowledge of only the aircraft position and velocity at a given time. Results are given for a simulation test of a 3D straight trajectory of the aircraft and for a sound-propagation model which considers geometrical spreading and atmospheric absorption of sound for a homogeneous medium. The influence of the atmospheric absorption is evaluated and the independence of the method with respect to microphone distribution is proven. The performance of the tracking method has also been evaluated in front of possible inaccuracy on the microphones synchronization.

Sara R. Martín; Meritxell Genescà; Jordi Romeu; Teresa Pàmies

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Acoustic privacy and health care.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustic privacy can be differentiated into two categories: freedom from intrusive noise such as a person snoring or wheezing in the next bed traffic outside the windows carts in the hallways and footsteps on the floor above; and speech privacy—the freedom from being overheard and of overhearing others. Providing the proper acoustical environment and the protecting privacy must be a joint effort between the facility designers and hospital staff. A brief discussion of the basic requirements for speech privacy and HIPAA privacy and a quality background sound will be presented.

Neil Moiseev

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Acoustic repair: Recent experience with the acoustic control system (ACS) for improving acoustic conditions in two existing venues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Active acoustics systems are becoming more prevalent in architectural acoustics practice particularly in the context of repairing or improving acoustics in existing venues. Governmental policies to reduce funds and subsidies put into new facilities for the performing arts are another reason for designers to consider the use of active acoustics. This paper highlights two recent examples of such installations of ACS systems one at the Sydney Opera House Concert Hall and the other at MBCCH Winnepeg Canada. Collaboration between the system designer the musicians and the acoustics consultant will be emphasized along with techniques used to evaluate the systems' performance in the halls.

Timothy E. Gulsrud; Arthur van Maurik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Passive localization of acoustic sources in media with non-constant sound velocity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. S. Norris. (Univ. of Calif. , Berkeley, CA), pp. 510-527. Bowles, A. E. , Sumultea, M. , Wursig, B, , DeMaster, D. P. , and Palka, D. (1994). "Relative abundance and behavior of marine mammals exposed to transmissions from the Heard Island.... S. Natl. Res. Counc, , Ocean Stud. Board, Committee on Low- Frequency Sound and Marine Mammals. Green, D. M. , DeFerrari, H. A. , McFadden, D. , Pearse, J. S. , Popper, A. N. , Richardson, W. J. , Ridgway, S. H. , and Tyack, P. L, , (Natl. Acad...

Brandes, Thomas Scott

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Passive Acoustics as a Tool in Fisheries Science JOSEPH J. LUCZKOVICH*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Institute for Coastal and Marine Resources, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858, USA DAVID A. MANN College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, 140 Seventh Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33701, USA RODNEY A. ROUNTREE Marine Ecology and Technology Applications, Inc., 23 Joshua

Luczkovich, Joseph J.

107

Passive-solar homes for Texas  

SciTech Connect

Acceptance of passive-solar technologies has been slow within the conventional building trades in Texas because it is a common misconception that solar is expensive, and data on local applications is severely limited or nonexistent. It is the purpose of this solar development to move passive-solar design into the mainstream of public acceptance by helping to overcome and eliminate these barriers. Specifically, the goal is to develop a set of regional climatic building standards to help guide the conventional building trade toward the utilization of soft-energy systems which will reduce overall consumption at a price and convenience most Texans can afford. To meet this objective, eight sample passive-design structures are presented. These designs represent state-of-the-art regional applications of passive-solar space conditioning. The methodology used in the passive-solar design process included: analysis of regional climatic data; analysis of historical regional building prototypes; determination of regional climatic design priorities and assets; prototypical design models for the discretionary housing market; quantitative thermal analysis of prototypical designs; and construction drawings of building prototypes.

Garrison, M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Massachusetts multi-family passive solar program  

SciTech Connect

The Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy Resources (EOER), in cooperation with the US Department of Energy, the State Executive Office of Communities and Development, and Local Housing Authorities is putting passive solar and special energy conservation features into new multi-family housing for the elderly throughout the Commonwealth. The Multi-Family Passive Solar Program provides design and technical assistance to the housing agencies, project architects, and engineers, and uses funds from EOER's $25 million Energy Bond Program to pay for incremental conservation and solar costs. In October 1980, 17 projects including over 400 passive solar heated units received awards for design and construction totalling $1.5 million. Many of them are already under construction. The projects represent a wide range of building types (from suburban cottages to mid-rise elevator buildings) and structural systems (from light wood to steel to concrete frames), and respond to a variety of real world constraints which make them non-optimal. Solar systems include direct gain, Trombe walls, passive domestic water heating, and a variety of sunspace configurations, some using remote storage. Additional projects are now in design development, plans for monitoring are underway, and a case study book outlining our experience and recommendations for multi-family passive solar design is being drafted.

Rouse, R.E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Keyboard Acoustic Emanations Scott Leishman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this step is the matrix. After that, the Viterbi algorithm [11] is used to infer qi, i.e. the best sequenceKeyboard Acoustic Emanations Scott Leishman ML Tea Talk - May 3rd, 2006 1 (or why you shouldn

Roweis, Sam

110

Acoustic Energy and Stellar Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the thermodynamic limitations of the generation of acoustic energy in stars. Quite recently, M. Schwarzschild and R. S. Richardson suggested that the transfer of energy in stars may, ... a heat engine, and this consideration does not support the views expressed by Richardson and Schwarzschild in dealing with the stellar model of red giants. In this model they suggest ...

1949-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

111

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic oscillation signature Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

47 ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES ON SHALLOW WATER Summary: ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES...

112

Ocean acoustic noise budgets: Application to the environmental assessment of offshore wind power generation.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A noise budget is a listing of the various sources of acoustic noise and their associated ranking by importance. A number of different types of budgets can be conceived using various acoustic measures such as intensity energy or duration of maximum amplitude level. These budgets are typically parameterized by frequency and are usually computed over 1/3 octave bands. As part of the environmental assessment of the proposed offshore wind powergeneration project under the Rhode Island Special Area Management Plan (SAMP) noise measurements were made using the Passive Acoustic Listener (PAL) systems off the coast of Rhode Island prior to the installation of any wind power facilities. Two PALs were deployed within two miles of Block Island in water depths of 20 m from October 6 to November 11 2008. The data included noise spectra and source identification every 3 min. Short snapshots of unusual sounds were also recorded. From this data the ocean acoustic noise budget is computed with contributions from shipping wind/waves marine mammals and rain from 500 Hz to 50 kHz. The shipnoise data is correlated with ship traffic data from the Automatic Identification System (AIS). [Funding provided by the Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Passive tire pressure sensor and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A surface acoustic wave device includes a micro-machined pressure transducer for monitoring tire pressure. The device is configured having a micro-machined cavity that is sealed with a flexible conductive membrane. When an external tire pressure equivalent to the cavity pressure is detected, the membrane makes contact with ridges on the backside of the surface acoustic wave device. The ridges are electrically connected to conductive fingers of the device. When the detected pressure is correct, selected fingers on the device will be grounded producing patterned acoustic reflections to an impulse RF signal. When the external tire pressure is less than the cavity reference pressure, a reduced reflected signal to the receiver results. The sensor may further be constructed so as to identify itself by a unique reflected identification pulse series.

Pfeifer, Kent Bryant (Los Lunas, NM); Williams, Robert Leslie (Albuquerque, NM); Waldschmidt, Robert Lee (Calgary, CA); Morgan, Catherine Hook (Ann Arbor, MI)

2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

114

Definition: Passive solar heating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

solar heating solar heating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Passive solar heating Using the sun's energy to heat a building; the windows, walls, and floors can be designed to collect, store, and distribute solar energy in the form of heat in the winter (and also to reject solar heat in the summer).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Daylighting, Passive Solar, heat, energy References ↑ http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/designing_remodeling/index.cfm/mytopic=10250 Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Passive_solar_heating&oldid=480581" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

115

Passive Cooling System for a Vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive cooling system for a vehicle (114) transfers heat from an overheated internal component, for example, an instrument panel (100), to an external portion (116) of the vehicle (114), for example, a side body panel (126). The passive cooling system includes one or more heat pipes (112) having an evaporator section (118) embedded in the overheated internal component and a condenser section (120) at the external portion (116) of the vehicle (114). The evaporator (118) and condenser (120) sections are in fluid communication. The passive cooling system may also include a thermally conductive film (140) for thermally connecting the evaporator sections (118) of the heat pipes (112) to each other and to the instrument panel (100).

Hendricks, T. J.; Thoensen, T.

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Heterojunction solar cell with passivated emitter surface  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-efficiency heterojunction solar cell is described wherein a thin emitter layer (preferably Ga[sub 0.52]In[sub 0.48]P) forms a heterojunction with a GaAs absorber layer. A passivating window layer of defined composition is disposed over the emitter layer. The conversion efficiency of the solar cell is at least 25.7%. The solar cell preferably includes a passivating layer between the substrate and the absorber layer. An anti-reflection coating is preferably disposed over the window layer. 1 fig.

Olson, J.M.; Kurtz, S.R.

1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

117

Thermal layering: a passive solar design strategy  

SciTech Connect

SOLARGREEN was the author's entry into the US Department of Housing and Urban Development's Passive Solar Residential Design Competition. The objective of the design was to develop a low-cost, innovative passive solar heating and cooling system as part of a marketable, aesthetically pleasing dwelling that could be easily constructed using existing building practices. The basic design is a three-bedroom, two-story, 1600 square foot home with a solarium that serves as both a solar collector and a food-producing greenhouse. The entry received a design award and five construction awards in the competition.

Moore, F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Passive solar energy in Washington: results of the Washington passive solar design/build competition  

SciTech Connect

The Washington Passive Solar Design/Build Competition was held in an effort to encourage the design, construction, and marketing of moderately priced passive solar homes in Washington state. Four categories were established, including single and multi-family, new design and remodel. A number of commonly made thermal mistakes are discussed. Eight winning entries are presented along with four notable entries, for each of which is given an overview of the design, energy conservation measures, passive heating and cooling features, system operation, and thermal performance. (LEW)

Not Available

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling April 24, 2012 - 4:18pm Addthis Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Using passive solar design to heat and cool your home can be both environmentally friendly and cost effective. In many cases, your heating costs can be reduced to less than half the cost of heating a typical home. Passive solar design can also help lower your cooling costs. Passive solar cooling techniques include carefully designed overhangs and using reflective coatings on windows, exterior walls, and roofs. Newer techniques include placing large, insulated windows on south-facing walls and putting thermal mass, such as a concrete slab floor or a heat-absorbing wall, close to the windows. A passive solar house requires careful design and siting, which vary by

120

Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region July 17, 2012 - 1:59pm Addthis Lynn Meyer Presidential Management Fellow, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Passive is not how I would characterize the D.C. area. Ambitious, passionate, and up for a challenge -- now, that more aptly describes the Capital region and the mission of bringing passive houses to the area. A passive house meets rigorous, voluntary energy efficiency standards and requires little energy for heating or cooling. The construction of passive housing is typically more expensive upfront, but owners can recoup their investment through energy savings. Brothers Eric Lin, an interior designer, and Roger Lin, a former real estate attorney, teamed up to build a high end passive house, which just

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling April 24, 2012 - 4:18pm Addthis Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Using passive solar design to heat and cool your home can be both environmentally friendly and cost effective. In many cases, your heating costs can be reduced to less than half the cost of heating a typical home. Passive solar design can also help lower your cooling costs. Passive solar cooling techniques include carefully designed overhangs and using reflective coatings on windows, exterior walls, and roofs. Newer techniques include placing large, insulated windows on south-facing walls and putting thermal mass, such as a concrete slab floor or a heat-absorbing wall, close to the windows. A passive solar house requires careful design and siting, which vary by

122

Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region July 17, 2012 - 1:59pm Addthis Lynn Meyer Presidential Management Fellow, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Passive is not how I would characterize the D.C. area. Ambitious, passionate, and up for a challenge -- now, that more aptly describes the Capital region and the mission of bringing passive houses to the area. A passive house meets rigorous, voluntary energy efficiency standards and requires little energy for heating or cooling. The construction of passive housing is typically more expensive upfront, but owners can recoup their investment through energy savings. Brothers Eric Lin, an interior designer, and Roger Lin, a former real estate attorney, teamed up to build a high end passive house, which just

123

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Passive...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Passive Room-to-Room Air Transfer, Fresno, California (Fact Sheet) Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Passive Room-to-Room Air Transfer, Fresno, California...

124

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

SciTech Connect

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process.

Herring, J.S.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

125

Passive Supporters of Terrorism and Phase Transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss some social contagion processes to describe the formation and spread of radical opinions. The dynamics of opinion spread involves local threshold processes as well as mean field effects. We calculate and observe phase transitions in the dynamical variables resulting in a rapidly increasing number of passive supporters. This strongly indicates that military solutions are inappropriate.

August, Friedrich; Delitzscher, Sascha; Hiller, Gerald; Krueger, Tyll

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Passive safety injection system using borated water  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive safety injection system relies on differences in water density to induce natural circulatory flow patterns which help maintain prescribed concentrations of boric acid in borated water, and prevents boron from accumulating in the reactor vessel and possibly preventing heat transfer.

Conway, Lawrence E. (Allegheny, PA); Schulz, Terry L. (Westmoreland, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process.

Herring, J. Stephen (Idaho Falls, ID)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process. 8 figures.

Herring, J.S.

1993-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

129

Multipurpose active/passive motion compensation system  

SciTech Connect

A microprocessor-controlled active/passive motion compensation system has been developed for deploying a variety of geotechnical in-situ testing devices with mobile drilling rigs from low-cost service vessels. The light-weight rotary heave compensator incorporates a hydraulic motor as the compensator actuator and a servo-controlled closed loop pump to reduce the air storage and power requirements. Unique features of the system are the use of inertial sensors to measure three components of boat motion, the ability to run the system in active/passive or passive modes, and the ability to automatically lower the drillstring at a constant velocity while maintaining motion compensation. Quantitative measurements made during sea trials offshore California yielded motion compensation accuracy approaching 98 percent which is much better than the compensation achieved with passive systems. Results are presented from offshore in-situ testing with a cone penetrometer, a vane shear device, and a suspension PS logger. The system can also be used for other offshore applications.

Sullivan, R.A.; Clements, R.E.; Davenport, M.R.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Evaluation of passive solar retrofit options  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation framework has been developed which allows for the assessment of the role of passive solar retrofit in the nationwide reduction of conventional fuel use. Three types of analysis are proposed within this framework: the physical/technical capability of the present housing stock to incorporate passive solar retrofit; the economic feasibility of the application of retrofit designs; and the actual market potential or acceptance of these alternative retrofit options. Each type of analysis has specific data requirements and a series of evaluation procedures to help establish estimates of the potential for passive solar retrofit in the present housing stock. The data requirements with their respective sources and evaluation procedures for the first two types of analysis-physical/technical setting and economic feasibility, are examined. A distinction is drawn between community specific case studies and more generalized national assessments. Information derived from these three types of analysis, whether case specific or national in scope, can then be used in an evaluation of potential economic impacts. The establishment of regional economic benefits and costs werve as a measure of the merit or attractiveness of the implementation of a passive solar retrofit program.

Ben-David, S.; Kirchemen, C.; Martin, S.; Noll, S.; Roach, F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Cylindrical acoustic levitator/concentrator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. It is constructed from a commercially available, hollow cylindrical piezoelectric crystal which has been modified to tune the resonance frequency of the breathing mode resonance of the crystal to that of the interior cavity of the cylinder. When the resonance frequency of the interior cylindrical cavity is matched to the breathing mode resonance of the cylindrical piezoelectric transducer, the acoustic efficiency for establishing a standing wave pattern in the cavity is high. The cylinder does not require accurate alignment of a resonant cavity. Water droplets having diameters greater than 1 mm have been levitated against the force of gravity using; less than 1 W of input electrical power. Concentration of aerosol particles in air is also demonstrated.

Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM); Sinha, Dipen N. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Acoustic behavior of triple glazings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Making of triple glazings is the only way to still improve thermal performances of Insulating Glass Units. Possible ways with double glazings are already in use: increase the space between glasses use low emissivity coatings and special gas with lower thermal conductivity as argon or krypton. Specific acoustic weak point of double glazings is the resonance between the two panes which works as a mass spring mass system and coupling of eigenmodes of panes through the air (gas) cavity. These phenomena are of course still more important with triple glazings as there are two resonances. The paper will give all comparative data concerning thermal and acoustic performances and describe a way to achieve the same single number values of sound transmission loss with triple glazing that with double glazing by adding absorption in the gas cavities.

Marc Rehfeld; David Fournier

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Acoustic characteristics of English fricatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of noise spectrum, while there are some data suggesting that /f,v/ may be distin- guished from /Y,Z/ on the basis of transition information.a!Electronic mail: jongman@ukans.edu 1252 1252J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108 (3), Pt. 1, Sep 2000 0001...! Variance ~MHz! Skewness Kurtosis /f,v/ 5108 6.37 0.077 2.11 /T,D/ 5137 6.19 20.083 1.27 /s,z/ 6133 2.92 20.229 2.36 /S,Z/ 4229 3.38 0.693 0.421257 J. Acoust. Soc. Am., Vol. 108, No. 3, Pt. 1, Sep 2000with h2 ranging from 0.001 for skewness to 0.004 for spec...

Jongman, Allard; Wayland, Ratree; Wong, Serena

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Vertical axis wind turbine acoustics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Acoustics Charlie Pearson Corpus Christi College Cambridge University Engineering Department A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy September 2013 Declaration Described in this dissertation is work... quickly to changing wind conditions, small- scale vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) have been proposed as an efficient solution for deployment in built up areas, where the wind is more gusty in nature. If VAWTs are erected in built up areas...

Pearson, Charlie

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

135

Frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor which allows the acquisition of the acoustic field over an entire plane, all at once. The sensor finds use in acoustic holography and acoustic diffraction tomography. For example, the sensor may be produced by a transparent plate with transparent support members tall enough to support one or more flexible membranes at an appropriate height for frustrated total internal reflection to occur. An acoustic wave causes the membrane to deflect away from its quiescent position and thus changes the amount of light that tunnels through the gap formed by the support members and into the membrane, and so changes the amount of light reflected by the membrane. The sensor(s) is illuminated by a uniform tight field, and the reflection from the sensor yields acoustic wave amplitude and phase information which can be picked up electronically or otherwise.

Kallman, Jeffrey S. (Pleasanton, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Successfully merging architectural and electronic acoustical treatments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In enclosed volumes the integration of electronic acoustical components with architectural surface treatments forms a hybrid system that produces the perceived acoustical conditions. Since the underlying operating principles for electro-acoustic enhancement systems differs considerably between manufacturers the requirements for system infrastructure are not germane nor is the optimum integration of architectural treatments. As a result the nature of the work performed by the acoustical consultant changes to accommodate optimum performance of the specific “hybrid” system which may also include other forms of variable treatments.

Steve Barbar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Surface acoustic wave for microfluidic applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Surface acoustic wave-based (SAW) microfluidics attracts attention from microfluidic research community due to its simple fabrication, large force and fast, yet efficient operation. The scope… (more)

Luong, Trung Dung.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Acoustic concentration of particles in fluid flow  

SciTech Connect

An apparatus for acoustic concentration of particles in a fluid flow includes a substantially acoustically transparent membrane and a vibration generator that define a fluid flow path therebetween. The fluid flow path is in fluid communication with a fluid source and a fluid outlet and the vibration generator is disposed adjacent the fluid flow path and is capable of producing an acoustic field in the fluid flow path. The acoustic field produces at least one pressure minima in the fluid flow path at a predetermined location within the fluid flow path and forces predetermined particles in the fluid flow path to the at least one pressure minima.

Ward, Michael D. (Los Alamos, NM); Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

139

Acoustic Concentration Of Particles In Fluid Flow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in a fluid flow includes a substantially acoustically transparent membrane and a vibration generator that define a fluid flow path therebetween. Available for thumbnail of...

140

Acoustic resonance for nonmetallic mine detection  

SciTech Connect

The feasibility of acoustic resonance for detection of plastic mines was investigated by researchers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Instrumentation and Controls Division under an internally funded program. The data reported in this paper suggest that acoustic resonance is not a practical method for mine detection. Representative small plastic anti-personnel mines were tested, and were found to not exhibit detectable acoustic resonances. Also, non-metal objects known to have strong acoustic resonances were tested with a variety of excitation techniques, and no practical non-contact method of exciting a consistently detectable resonance in a buried object was discovered. Some of the experimental data developed in this work may be useful to other researchers seeking a method to detect buried plastic mines. A number of excitation methods and their pitfalls are discussed. Excitation methods that were investigated include swept acoustic, chopped acoustic, wavelet acoustic, and mechanical shaking. Under very contrived conditions, a weak response that could be attributed to acoustic resonance was observed, but it does not appear to be practical as a mine detection feature. Transfer properties of soil were investigated. Impulse responses of several representative plastic mines were investigated. Acoustic leakage coupling, and its implications as a disruptive mechanism were investigated.

Kercel, S.W.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using the Adaptive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using the Adaptive Wavelet 2008 #12;This thesis entitled: Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using. (Ph.D.) Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation Using the Adaptive Wavelet

Vasilyev, Oleg V.

142

Physiological Bases of Acoustic LRT in Nonstutterers, Mild  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physiological Bases of Acoustic LRT in Nonstutterers, Mild Stutterers, and Severe Stutterers* Ben C stutterers' prolonged acoustic laryngeal reaction time (LRT) values. Prephonatory kinematic data were foreperiods. Acoustic data replicated a previously observed composite stuttering severity and foreperiod

143

Passive Solar Building Design Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Solar Building Design Basics Passive Solar Building Design Basics Passive Solar Building Design Basics July 30, 2013 - 3:20pm Addthis The difference between a passive solar home and a conventional home is design. Passive solar homes and other buildings are designed to take advantage of the local climate. Passive solar design-also known as climatic design-involves using a building's windows, walls, and floors to collect, store, and distribute solar energy in the form of heat in the winter and reject solar heat in the summer. Learn how passive solar design techniques work. Direct Gain Direct gain is the process by which sunlight directly enters a building through the windows and is absorbed and temporarily stored in massive floors or walls. Indirect Gain Indirect gain is the process by which the sun warms a heat storage

144

Evaluation of Alternate Stainless Steel Surface Passivation Methods  

SciTech Connect

Stainless steel containers were assembled from parts passivated by four commercial vendors using three passivation methods. The performance of these containers in storing hydrogen isotope mixtures was evaluated by monitoring the composition of initially 50% H{sub 2} 50% D{sub 2} gas with time using mass spectroscopy. Commercial passivation by electropolishing appears to result in surfaces that do not catalyze hydrogen isotope exchange. This method of surface passivation shows promise for tritium service, and should be studied further and considered for use. On the other hand, nitric acid passivation and citric acid passivation may not result in surfaces that do not catalyze the isotope exchange reaction H{sub 2} + D{sub 2} {yields} 2HD. These methods should not be considered to replace the proprietary passivation processes of the two current vendors used at the Savannah River Site Tritium Facility.

Clark, Elliot A.

2005-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

145

Germanium detector passivated with hydrogenated amorphous germanium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Passivation of predominantly crystalline semiconductor devices (12) is provided for by a surface coating (21) of sputtered hydrogenated amorphous semiconductor material. Passivation of a radiation detector germanium diode, for example, is realized by sputtering a coating (21) of amorphous germanium onto the etched and quenched diode surface (11) in a low pressure atmosphere of hydrogen and argon. Unlike prior germanium diode semiconductor devices (12), which must be maintained in vacuum at cryogenic temperatures to avoid deterioration, a diode processed in the described manner may be stored in air at room temperature or otherwise exposed to a variety of environmental conditions. The coating (21) compensates for pre-existing undesirable surface states as well as protecting the semiconductor device (12) against future impregnation with impurities.

Hansen, William L. (Walnut Creek, CA); Haller, Eugene E. (Berkeley, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Passive heat transfer means for nuclear reactors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved passive cooling arrangement is disclosed for maintaining adjacent or related components of a nuclear reactor within specified temperature differences. Specifically, heat pipes are operatively interposed between the components, with the vaporizing section of the heat pipe proximate the hot component operable to cool it and the primary condensing section of the heat pipe proximate the other and cooler component operable to heat it. Each heat pipe further has a secondary condensing section that is located outwardly beyond the reactor confinement and in a secondary heat sink, such as air ambient the containment, that is cooler than the other reactor component. Means such as shrouding normally isolated the secondary condensing section from effective heat transfer with the heat sink, but a sensor responds to overheat conditions of the reactor to open the shrouding, which thereby increases the cooling capacity of the heat pipe. By having many such heat pipes, an emergency passive cooling system is defined that is operative without electrical power.

Burelbach, James P. (Glen Ellyn, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Passive Tracer Gas Methods to Measure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experiments to Evaluate and Implement Experiments to Evaluate and Implement Passive Tracer Gas Methods to Measure Ventilation Rates in Homes Melissa Lunden, David Faulkner, Elizabeth Heredia, Sebastian Cohn, Darryl Dickerhoff, Federico Noris, Jennifer Logue, Toshifumi Hotchi, Brett Singer and Max H. Sherman Environmental Energy Technologies Division October 2012 LBNL-5984E 2 Disclaimer: This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States

148

Passively cooled direct drive wind turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind turbine is provided that passively cools an electrical generator. The wind turbine includes a plurality of fins arranged peripherally around a generator house. Each of the fins being oriented at an angle greater than zero degrees to allow parallel flow of air over the fin. The fin is further tapered to allow a constant portion of the fin to extend beyond the air stream boundary layer. Turbulence initiators on the nose cone further enhance heat transfer at the fins.

Costin, Daniel P. (Chelsea, VT)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

149

Eighth national passive solar conference. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Eighth National Passive Solar Conference was held near Santa Fe, New Mexico at the Glorieta Conference Center on September 5 to 11, 1983. Nearly 900 people from all across the nation and the world attended the conference. Close to 200 technical papers were presented, 50 solar product exhibits were available; 34 poster sessions were presented; 16 solar workshops were conducted; 10 renowned solar individuals participated in rendezvous sessions; 7 major addresses were delivered; 5 solar home tours were conducted; 2 emerging architecture sessions were held which included 21 separate presentations; and commercial product presentations were given for the first time ever at a national passive solar conference. Peter van Dresser of Santa Fe received the prestigious Passive Solar Pioneer Award, posthumously, from the American Solar Energy Society and Benjamin T. Buck Rogers of Embudo received the prestigious Peter van Dresser Award from the New Mexico Solar Energy Association. This report reviews conference organization, attendance, finances, conference evaluation form results, and includes press coverage samples, selected conference photos courtesy of Marshall Tyler, and a summary with recommendations for future conferences. The Appendices included conference press releases and a report by the New Mexico Solar Industry Development Corporation on exhibits management.

Owen, A.; Zee, R.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Acoustics as a Human Science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There was a time when acoustics was only a human science but this changed as philosophers learned to use mathematical and other measurement tools for ordering and validating their thought processes. This century has seen many changes in the description of the field as a whole and the human aspects continue to be among the most perplexing. The highlights of accomplishments to date some observations on our current status of knowledge and some projections into the future are presented for your entertainment—if not for your information.

S. S. Stevens

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Acoustical Communications for Wireless Downhole Telemetry Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on this testbed in order to characterize the channel behavior are explained as well. Moreover, the large scale statistics of the acoustic waves along the pipe string are described. Results of this work indicate that acoustic waves experience a frequency- dependent...

Farraj, Abdallah

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

152

ACOUSTIC FORMING FOR ENHANCED DEWATERING AND FORMATION  

SciTech Connect

The next generation of forming elements based on acoustic excitation to increase drainage and enhances formation both with on-line control and profiling capabilities has been investigated in this project. The system can be designed and optimized based on the fundamental experimental and computational analysis and investigation of acoustic waves in a fiber suspension flow and interaction with the forming wire.

Cyrus K Aidun

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

153

Multiresolution Reproducing Kernel Particle Methods in Acoustics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and reliability of dynamic analysis. This is of great importance because the noise prediction of a complexMultiresolution Reproducing Kernel Particle Methods in Acoustics R. A. Uras Reactor Engineering In the analysis of complex phenomena of acoustic systems, the computational model­ ing requires special attention

Liu, Wing Kam

154

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, © 2012 Tutorial Created in Comsol 4.3 (2012) #12;R. White Variables ­ space and time (x,y,z,t) Dependent Variables ­ unknown field (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, © 2012 Finite Element Analysis (FEA / FEM) ­ 1

White, Robert D.

155

Field-scale acoustic investigation of a damaged anisotropic shale during a gallery excavation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Opalinus Clay formation at the Mont Terri Underground Rock Laboratory, the gallery Ga08 was excavated in August 2008 to join the end-face of the pre-existing gallery Ga04. The aim of the present work was to perform in situ acoustic experiments to monitor the evolution of the Excavation Damaged Zone (EDZ) induced during the gallery construction. The end-face of Ga04 was instrumented with two arrays of acoustic transducers allowing for the active and passive seismic monitoring, i.e. acoustic survey and micro-seismicity. From the acoustic survey data, which required a high energy acoustic source to emit high frequency signals (21, 25, 31 and 38 kHz), the rock mass was observed to be anisotropic and heterogeneous at the scale of the experiment. P-wave velocities were determined to be, in average, between 3300 m/s along a structural bedding plane, and 2700 m/s at ? ? 70 ° incidence relative to that. Assuming a transversely isotropic shale formation, the P-wave velocity dependence versus ? was modeled using Thomsen's Weak Transverse Isotropy model (Thomsen, 1986) [36]. Thomsen's P-wave anisotropy parameter was found to be ? ? 0.15 , and the fifth Thomsen's parameter controlling the deviation of the wave front from an ellipsoidal geometry was found to be ? ? 0.16 . The S-wave velocity was estimated along a single direction of aligned receivers and turned out to be around 1560 m/s at ? ? 30 ° . We also show that the rock mass acts as a frequency filter for acoustic waves, related to the rock mass heterogeneities, i.e. the inter-bedding structure, which induces wave scattering and refraction. From the micro-seismicity data, we identified a large number of micro-seismic events (MSEs) detected on the acoustic arrays during and following the excavation. Most of the \\{MSEs\\} were induced on the excavated face but we also located some \\{MSEs\\} inside the rock mass itself. We show that these events are located close to a major fault, which seems to be reactivated by the excavation process.

Y. Le Gonidec; A. Schubnel; J. Wassermann; D. Gibert; C. Nussbaum; B. Kergosien; J. Sarout; A. Maineult; Y. Guéguen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Acoustics of technology enabled collaborative learning environments.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Collaborative classrooms and workstations are increasingly common in higher education buildings. These spaces present unique acoustical challenges that force designers to rethink traditional concepts and solutions. In student?centered classrooms the lecturer is removed as the visual and acoustical center of attention. Instead students are seated in groups around technology enabled workstations often facing away from the lecturer and other students. Acoustical conditions must support small?group interaction classroom discussion and learning via multimedia content. Outside the classroom collaborative workstations vary greatly but typically facilitate small?group interaction around a multimedia display and/or work surface. To promote impromptu use by students these spaces are often open to highly public areas of learning commons classroom buildings and digital libraries. Traditional noise control solutions fail to isolate these spaces without compromising their spontaneous feel and function. Despite obvious acoustical challenges both space types will continue to proliferate and new acoustical solutions must be developed.

Gregory A. Coudriet; Jeffery E. Babich

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

From echolocation clicks to animal density—Acoustic sampling of harbor porpoises with static dataloggers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Monitoring abundance and population trends of small odontocetes is notoriously difficult and labor intensive. There is a need to develop alternative methods to the traditional visual line transect surveys especially for low density areas. Here the prospect of obtaining robust density estimates for porpoises by passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) is demonstrated by combining rigorous application of methods adapted from distance sampling to PAM. Acoustic dataloggers (T-PODs) were deployed in an area where harbor porpoises concurrently were tracked visually. Probability of detection was estimated in a mark–recapture approach where a visual sighting constituted a “mark” and a simultaneous acoustic detection a “recapture.” As a distance could be assigned to each visual observation a detection function was estimated. Effective detection radius of T-PODs ranged from 22 to 104 m depending on T-POD type T-POD sensitivity train classification settings and snapshot duration. The T-POD density estimates corresponded to the visual densities derived concurrently for the same period. With more dataloggers located according to a systematic design density estimates would be obtainable for a larger area. This provides a method suitable for monitoring in areas with densities too low for visual surveys to be practically feasible e.g. the endangered harbor porpoise population in the Baltic.

Line A. Kyhn; Jakob Tougaard; Len Thomas; Linda Rosager Duve; Joanna Stenback; Mats Amundin; Geneviève Desportes; Jonas Teilmann

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2/25/08  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2/25/08 #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2,y,z,t) Dependent Variables ­ unknown field (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2/25/08 Finite ­ space and time (x,y,z,t) Dependent Variables ­ unknown field (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics

White, Robert D.

159

Passivation-free solid state battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to passivation-free solid-state rechargeable batteries composed of Li{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12} anode, a solid polymer electrolyte and a high voltage cathode. The solid polymer electrolyte comprises a polymer host, such as polyacrylonitrile, poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinyl sulfone), and poly(vinylidene fluoride), plasticized by a solution of a Li salt in an organic solvent. The high voltage cathode includes LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, LiCoO{sub 2}, LiNiO{sub 2} and LiV{sub 2}O{sub 5} and their derivatives. 5 figs.

Abraham, K.M.; Peramunage, D.

1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

160

Passivation-free solid state battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to passivation-free solid-state rechargeable batteries composed of Li.sub.4 Ti.sub.5 O.sub.12 anode, a solid polymer electrolyte and a high voltage cathode. The solid polymer electrolyte comprises a polymer host, such as polyacrylonitrile, poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinyl sulfone), and poly(vinylidene fluoride), plasticized by a solution of a Li salt in an organic solvent. The high voltage cathode includes LiMn.sub.2 O.sub.4, LiCoO.sub.2, LiNiO.sub.2 and LiV.sub.2 O.sub.5 and their derivatives.

Abraham, Kuzhikalail M. (Needham, MA); Peramunage, Dharmasena (Norwood, MA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Passive solar concepts for multistory buildings  

SciTech Connect

Multistory buildings long in the east-west direction and short in the north-south direction offer good opportunity for passive solar application. If each unit within the building is designed so that the Solar Savings Fraction is the same, each will respond to the weather the same way and no unit-to-unit heat distribution is needed. A numerical example for Denver is given indicating excellent thermal performance and a several-day thermal response time. Solutions involving distribution of heat from unit to unit are also discussed as well as top-floor and south-wall variations.

Balcomb, J.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Passive solar heating systems design. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In 1979 Dynamic Homes submitted a winning proposal in a Department of Energy passive and hybrid solar manufactured housing competition in the modular construction category. A set of preliminary designs for various housing types (ramblers, split entries, split levels, and two stories) were developed. The split entry designs seemed most feasible. They provided a good product at a price that could be marketable. It was decided to proceed with the split entry designs and three models were developed - two single-family and one duplex. Plans and descriptions are presented.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Category:Passive Seismic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. M Micro-Earthquake 1 pages T Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring 1 pages Pages in category "Passive Seismic...

164

Design and control of a passively stabilized multimodal hopping robot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stabilized Multimodal Hopping Robot A Thesis submitted inStabilized Multimodal Hopping Robot by Erica Pantel Masterfor a multimodal hopping robot. The robot harnesses passive

Pantel, Erica

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Passive Air Sampling of Organochlorine Pesticides in Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Passive Air Sampling of Organochlorine Pesticides in Mexico ... accumulated levels of this insecticide in blood, adipose tissue, and breast milk samples from Mexican women. ...

Fiona Wong; Henry A. Alegria; Terry F. Bidleman; Víctor Alvarado; Felipe Angeles; Alfredo Ávila Galarza; Erick R. Bandala; Idolina de la Cerda Hinojosa; Ignacio Galindo Estrada; Guillermo Galindo Reyes; Gerardo Gold-Bouchot; José Vinicio Macías Zamora; Joaquín Murguía-González; Elias Ramirez Espinoza

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

166

Passive Catalytic Approach to Low Temperature NOx Emission Abatement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Catalytic Approach to Low Temperature NOx Emission Abatement Passive Catalytic Approach to Low Temperature NOx Emission Abatement Numerically evaluated and optimized proposed...

167

Energy Balance and Thermal Comfort in Passive Solar Housing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To evaluate the performance of different passive solar dwellings it is necessary to consider not only the thermal performance but also the “comfort performance” of the system.

K. Alder; Ch. Eriksson; A. Faist; N. Morel

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

THE MEMODRAMA OF CONFLICT: FROM PASSIVE VICTIM TO ACTIVE HERO...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FROM PASSIVE VICTIM TO ACTIVE HERO Conflict stories tend to be melodramatic in their content and structure. In this workshop, we will examine the different characters that...

169

Active and Passive Remote Sensing Diagram | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diagram Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Active and Passive Remote Sensing Diagram Author National Aeronautics and Space Administration...

170

Passive Catalytic Approach to Low Temperature NOx Emission Abatement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Numerically evaluated and optimized proposed state-of-the-art passive catalytic technology designed to reduce NOx released during vehicle cold start portion of the FTP-75 cycle

171

Passive Ammonia SCR for Lean Burn SIDI Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Passive NH3 SCR has been demonstrated as a high efficiency and low cost alternative lean NOx aftertreatment technology for stratified gasoline engines.

172

22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 1 Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 1 Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Zonca, Liu Chen and Zhiyong Qiu #12;22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 2 Chen and Zhiyong Qiu #12;22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 3 2 Linear

Zonca, Fulvio

173

Writing magnetic patterns with surface acoustic waves  

SciTech Connect

A novel patterning technique that creates magnetization patterns in a continuous magnetostrictive film with surface acoustic waves is demonstrated. Patterns of 10??m wide stripes of alternating magnetization and a 3??m dot of reversed magnetization are written using standing and focusing acoustic waves, respectively. The magnetization pattern is size-tunable, erasable, and rewritable by changing the magnetic field and acoustic power. This versatility, along with its solid-state implementation (no moving parts) and electronic control, renders it as a promising technique for application in magnetic recording, magnonic signal processing, magnetic particle manipulation, and spatial magneto-optical modulation.

Li, Weiyang; Buford, Benjamin; Jander, Albrecht; Dhagat, Pallavi, E-mail: dhagat@eecs.oregonstate.edu [School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

174

Acoustic probing of salt using sonar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACOUSTIC PROBING OF SALT USING SONAR A Thesis by KENNETH BRYAN BUTLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Oecember 1977 Major Subject...: Geophysics ACOUSTIC PROBING OF SALT USING SONAR A Thesis by KENNETH BRYAN BUTLER Approved as to style and content by: C airman of Com ttee ea of e r nt em er ember December 1977 ABSTRACT Acoustic Probing of Salt Using Sonar. (December 1977...

Butler, Kenneth Bryan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

175

Study on acoustics for SSC measurements Using the acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

................................................................................................................................. 1 2. Background of higher- frequency, acoustic backscatterance sensors (ABS, for a review see Thorne and Hanes, 2002), and optical backscatterance sensors (OBS), whose sample ranges ar

Voulgaris, George

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic environments prediction Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction The Acoustic Oceanographic Buoy... (AOB) is a light acoustic receiving device that incorporates acoustic and ... Source: Jesus, Srgio M. - Departamento de...

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic energy-driven fluid Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

search results for: acoustic energy-driven fluid Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Summary: Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic field evaluation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nanoparticles using bulk acoustic waves Bart Raeymaekers,a Summary: nanoparticles a one dimensional acoustic field and b two-dimensional acoustic field. 014317-2 Raeymaekers......

179

SOME ANALYTIC MODELS OF PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDING PERFORMANCE: A THEORETICAL APPROACH TO THE DESIGN OF ENERGY-CONSERVING BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

during construction. many passive houses have performed muchif it occurred, the optimwll passive house would likely havephotographs of a passive solar house at First Village in

Goldstein, David Baird

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Acoustics Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acoustics Program Acoustics Program Developed to help designers accurately model the sound level reaching building tenant's ears, the Trane Acoustics Program (TAP) "projects" equipment sound power data through the surroundings (e.g., floors, ductwork, walls), to estimate the sound level that will be heard. Industry-standard calculations published by ASHRAE's 1991 Algorithms for HVAC Acoustics handbook are the basis for this estimate. In TAP, you can model the conditions of an HVAC system by choosing specific equipment and building component criteria. TAP will analyze the sound path and calculate the total effect for the enclosed space. You can continuously adjust the data and system design criteria to compare the results effortlessly. TAP will even plot presentation quality graphs of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Surface acoustic wave dust deposition monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system is disclosed for using the attenuation of surface acoustic waves to monitor real time dust deposition rates on surfaces. The system includes a signal generator, a tone-burst generator/amplifier connected to a transmitting transducer for converting electrical signals into acoustic waves. These waves are transmitted through a path defining means adjacent to a layer of dust and then, in turn, transmitted to a receiving transducer for changing the attenuated acoustic wave to electrical signals. The signals representing the attenuated acoustic waves may be amplified and used in a means for analyzing the output signals to produce an output indicative of the dust deposition rates and/or values of dust in the layer. 8 figs.

Fasching, G.E.; Smith, N.S. Jr.

1988-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

182

Tiltrotor Acoustic Flight Test: Terminal Area Operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides a comprehensive description of an acoustic flight test of the XV-15 Tiltrotor Aircraft with Advanced Technology Blades (ATB) conducted in August and September 1991 at Crows Landing, California. The purpose of this cooperative research ...

Maria O. L. Santa; Wellman J. B.; Conner D. A.; Rutledge C. K.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Three-Dimensional Nonlinear Acoustical Holography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is validated by conducting an experiment with a compression driver and four numerical simulations. The numerical and experimental results show that holographically-projected acoustic fields match well with directly-calculated and directly-measured fields....

Niu, Yaying

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

184

On observing acoustic backscattering from salinity turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been hypothesized that at sufficiently high levels of oceanic salinity turbulence it should be possible to observe acoustic backscattering. However there have been limited in situmeasurements to confirm this hypothesis. Using an autonomous underwater vehicle equipped with upward and downward looking 1.2 MHz acoustic Doppler current profilers and with turbulence and fine scale sensors measurements were performed in a region of intense turbulence and a strong salinity gradient. The approach taken was to correlate variations in the backscattered acoustic intensity I with a theoretical acoustic backscattering cross section per volume for salinity turbulence ? s to obtain an estimated scattering cross section per volume ? e . Results indicated that of order 50% of the observed region was characterized by salinity turbulence induced backscattering.

Louis Goodman; Marcos M. Sastre-Córdova

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Multipurpose Acoustic Sensor for Downhole Fluid Monitoring  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Novel sensor design based on acoustics. Determine in real-timeand in a single sensor packagemultiple parameters: temperature, pressure, fluid flow; and fluid properties, such as density, viscosity, fluid composition.

186

Subsurface Glider Localization Using Broadband Acoustic Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Researcher, ORE Abstract Ocean gliders are low-power, buoyancy-driven, autonomous underwater vehicles inherent in broadband ocean acoustic tomography signals, this uncertainty can be reduced by 1-2 orders

Frandsen, Jannette B.

187

Magneto?Acoustic Interaction in Mercury  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetically induced acoustic absorption coefficient in liquidmercury has been measured around its inverse relaxation frequency using an on?line computer and magnetic fields of up to 10 kg. The hybrid computer?operated differential measuring system took between 2560 and 25 600 experiments per run. The results agree with Anderson's predictions [J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 25 529 (1953)]. [Work supported in part by the National Science Foundation.

Thomas D. Sachs; Gregory P. Hughes

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Acoustic Energy Storage in Single Bubble Sonoluminescence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single bubble sonoluminescence is understood in terms of a shock focusing towards the bubble center. We present a mechanism for significantly enhancing the effect of shock focusing, arising from the storage of energy in the acoustic modes of the gas. The modes with strongest coupling are not spherically symmetric. The storage of acoustic energy gives a framework for understanding how light intensities depend so strongly on ambient gases and liquids and suggests that the light intensities of successive flashes are highly correlated.

Michael P. Brenner; Sascha Hilgenfeldt; Detlef Lohse; Rodolfo R. Rosales

1996-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

189

Parametric acoustic arrays: A Bergen view.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the University of Bergen (UoB) Norway research activity in physical acoustics started in the mid?1960s with investigations on the parametric acoustic array (PAA). The newly appointed professor in applied mathematics Sigve Tjo/tta had some years earlier been at Brown University and was inspired by the concept at a fundamental level but also wanted experimental confirmation. No previous acoustical activity existed at UoB. The PAA project was started as a master project at Department of Physics where the main activity was in nuclear high?energy and ionospheric physics. Bellin and Beyer’s experiment served as a model. The results provided new information on the axial and directional properties of the difference frequency wave field. Inspired by this theoretical modeling continued along with further measurements. Other nonlinear effects like acoustic streaming (boundary layer density gradient) were also investigated. In 1975 a project together with SIMRAD and Norwegian Technical University resulted in a bottom penetrating PAA later commercialized as “TOPAS.” Numerical modeling based on the KZK equation resulted in the “Bergen Code ” still in use for computing nonlinear acoustic propagation problems. In later years activity at UoB has expanded to encompass linear physical acoustics of various sorts occasionally using PAA as a tool.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Tunable damper for an acoustic wave guide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A damper for tunably damping acoustic waves in an ultrasonic waveguide is provided which may be used in a hostile environment such as a nuclear reactor. The area of the waveguide, which may be a selected size metal rod in which acoustic waves are to be damped, is wrapped, or surrounded, by a mass of stainless steel wool. The wool wrapped portion is then sandwiched between tuning plates, which may also be stainless steel, by means of clamping screws which may be adjusted to change the clamping force of the sandwiched assembly along the waveguide section. The plates are preformed along their length in a sinusoidally bent pattern with a period approximately equal to the acoustic wavelength which is to be damped. The bent pattern of the opposing plates are in phase along their length relative to their sinusoidal patterns so that as the clamping screws are tightened a bending stress is applied to the waveguide at 180/sup 0/ intervals along the damping section to oppose the acoustic wave motions in the waveguide and provide good coupling of the wool to the guide. The damper is tuned by selectively tightening the clamping screws while monitoring the amplitude of the acoustic waves launched in the waveguide. It may be selectively tuned to damp particular acoustic wave modes (torsional or extensional, for example) and/or frequencies while allowing others to pass unattenuated.

Rogers, S.C.

1982-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

191

Low-Cost Manufacturable Microchannel Systems for Passive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for use in fuel cell systems need development in order to achieve cost targets. Low-cost, highLow-Cost Manufacturable Microchannel Systems for Passive PEM Water Management IIPS Number 16910 LowLow--CostCost;2 Project objective: Create a low cost and passive PEM water management system Project objective

192

PAP: A Privacy and Authentication Protocol for Passive RFID Tags  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PAP: A Privacy and Authentication Protocol for Passive RFID Tags Alex X. Liu LeRoy A. Bailey for RFID tags is necessary to ensure the privacy and authentication between each tag and their reader. In order to accomplish this, we propose PAP, a privacy and authentication protocol for passive RFID tags

Liu, Alex X.

193

Long Range Passive UHF RFID System Using HVAC Ducts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INVITED P A P E R Long Range Passive UHF RFID System Using HVAC Ducts To provide a potential communications channel, HVAC ducts can function as electromagnetic waveguides; a 30-m read range has been-conditioning (HVAC) ducts as a potential communication channel between passive ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) radio

Hochberg, Michael

194

Energy and air quality implications of passive stack ventilation in residential buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scaling the passive stack diameter with house size (floora single-story house ventilated by a passive stack with andTable 1: Passive stack diameters scaling with house size

Mortensen, Dorthe Kragsig

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Apparatus for separating particles utilizing engineered acoustic contrast capture particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for separating particles from a medium includes a capillary defining a flow path therein that is in fluid communication with a medium source. The medium source includes engineered acoustic contrast capture particle having a predetermined acoustic contrast. The apparatus includes a vibration generator that is operable to produce at least one acoustic field within the flow path. The acoustic field produces a force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles and a force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles in the flow path and drives the engineered acoustic contrast capture particles to either the force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles or the force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles.

Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM); Ward, Michael D. (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

196

Apparatus for separating particles utilizing engineered acoustic contrast capture particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for separating particles from a medium includes a capillary defining a flow path therein that is in fluid communication with a medium source. The medium source includes engineered acoustic contrast capture particle having a predetermined acoustic contrast. The apparatus includes a vibration generator that is operable to produce at least one acoustic field within the flow path. The acoustic field produces a force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles and a force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles in the flow path and drives the engineered acoustic contrast capture particles to either the force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles or the force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles.

Kaduchak, Gregory; Ward, Michael D

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

197

Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager (Flash format)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager > (Flash) Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager > (Flash) Multimedia Nuclear Systems Analysis Engineering Analysis Nonproliferation and National Security Detection & Diagnostic Systems Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager VIDEO TRANSCRIPT Remote Vital Sign Monitoring System Preventing the Worst (by CNN) Engineering Development & Applications Argonne's Nuclear Science & Technology Legacy Other Multimedia Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Detection & Diagnostic Systems - Multimedia Bookmark and Share Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager Argonne National Laboratory Read full story Argonne has developed a passive compressive sensing system that uses millimeter waves (MMWs) to rapidly image targets with high resolution and

198

Energy Revolving Loan Fund - Passive Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revolving Loan Fund - Passive Solar Revolving Loan Fund - Passive Solar Energy Revolving Loan Fund - Passive Solar < Back Eligibility Agricultural Institutional Nonprofit Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Maximum Rebate $15,000 Program Info Funding Source American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) State Michigan Program Type State Loan Program Rebate Amount $5,000-$15,000 Provider Department of Energy, Labor and Economic Growth In January 2010, Michigan enacted the Public Act 242 of 2009, which established the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Revolving Loan Fund Program. The Passive Solar Systems portion of the loan program is available to family farms and non-profits located in Michigan. Under this program, a passive solar system is defined as "a structure which can extend the

199

Relationships between objective acoustic indices and acoustic comfort evaluation in nonacoustic spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Much attention has been paid to acoustic spaces such as concert halls and recording studios whereas research on nonacoustic buildings/spaces has been rather limited especially from the viewpoint of acoustic comfort. In this research a series of case studies has been carried out on this topic considering various spaces including shopping mall atrium spaces library reading rooms football stadia swimming spaces churches dining spaces as well as urban open public spaces. The studies focus on the relationships between objective acoustic indices such as sound pressure level and reverberation time and perceptions of acoustic comfort. The results show that the acoustic atmosphere is an important consideration in such spaces and the evaluation of acoustic comfort may vary considerably even if the objective acoustic indices are the same. It is suggested that current guidelines and technical regulations are insufficient in terms of acoustic design of these spaces and the relationships established from the case studies between objective and subjective aspects would be useful for developing further design guidelines. [Work supported partly by the British Academy.

Jian Kang

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Acoustics at University of Texas: History and current introductory course in physical acoustics.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As an academic discipline at the University of Texas acoustics began in the 1930s under C. Paul Boner in Physics and Lloyd A. Jeffress in Psychology. World War II saw Boner and many physicsgraduate students go to Harvard for “war work ” largely in underwater acoustics. When the war ended Boner returned and founded the Defense Research Laboratory later named Applied Research Laboratories. Interest in acoustics grew in Physics during the postwar years but eventually waned in the 1950s and 1960s. Acoustical activity developed in the 1960s in the College of Engineering chiefly Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering. Today physical and engineering acoustics is a strong interdisciplinary program at Texas with faculty in several departments in Engineering and still a vestige in Physics. In addition much work on speech hearing and music is done in other parts of the University. Engineering features two basic courses in physical acoustics Acoustics I and II and five specialty courses which are described in an accompanying paper. Here we concentrate on Acoustics I and II which provide an introduction to propagation reflection and transmission refraction normal modes horn theory propagation in stratified fluids absorption and dispersion waveguides directional radiation diffraction and arrays.

David T. Blackstock

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Viscosity Effects in Acoustic Inductances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The linear acousticinductance and resistance of narrow circular tubes short compared to a wavelength have usually been represented by limiting formulas valid either for very low frequencies (viscous flow) or for relatively high frequencies (pistonlike displacement). Crandall's text gives a general mathematical development with particular stress on resistance but variation of inductance with frequency and viscosity has not been discussed generally nor has numerical reduction of mathematical results been generally available. The present paper describes quantitatively the dependence of inductance and resistance upon the general parameter radius times square root of the quantity density times frequency divided by viscosity. With increase of this parameter resistance increases while inductance diminishes from the “static” value to the limiting “high frequency” value. Experimental checks are made to ascertain whether resistance values are strongly affected by flow?transition end?effects found in hydraulics. Impedance?tube studies are made of five tube diameters from 0.0187 to 0.750 in. at 50 to 167 c/sec. Length/diameter is approximately 10 to render inductance end?corrections relatively small. Acoustic pressures are reduced until linear behavior appears. Measured resistance is generally within five percent of calculation as resistance increases to twice the “static” value. Measured inductance generally agrees with calculation within limits of the end?correction over the range of significant variation.

A. W. Nolle

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

DRAFT INTERIM REPORT: NATIONAL PROGRAM PLAN FOR PASSIVE AND HYBRID SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

development of passive solar technology. The tasks have beencommercialization of solar energy technology, Certainpast building technology innovations and passive solar and

Authors, Various

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - atopy passive smoking Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the design objective was to use passive... buildings - the Client's view 4 Control strategies for passive buildings 5 Windows - the Key to Low Energy... of the compact form...

204

Work Function Homogeneity of Monolayer Passivated ITO Surfaces for Organic Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ITO transparent electrode surface is passivated either by organic quinoline molecules or by ions of periodic and phosphoric acids for organic solar cells. Passivated surfaces are...

Rusu, Marin; Johnev, Boyan; Streicher, Ferdinand; Barreau, Nicolas; Vogel, Mirko; Glatzel, Thilo; Sadewasser, Sascha; Lux-Steiner, Martha Ch; Fostiropoulos, Konstantinos

205

The Water Wall: A Passive Solar Collection and Thermal Storage Device for Supplementary Radiant Heating.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Through the implementation of passive solar building systems, suburbia could take a fresh new step forward toward a progressively more sustainable direction. Making passive solar… (more)

Noseck, Rhett Roman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Method and apparatus of spectro-acoustically enhanced ultrasonic detection for diagnostics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for detecting a discontinuity in a material includes a source of electromagnetic radiation has a wavelength and an intensity sufficient to induce an enhancement in contrast between a manifestation of an acoustic property in the material and of the acoustic property in the discontinuity, as compared to when the material is not irradiated by the electromagnetic radiation. An acoustic emitter directs acoustic waves to the discontinuity in the material. The acoustic waves have a sensitivity to the acoustic property. An acoustic receiver receives the acoustic waves generated by the acoustic emitter after the acoustic waves have interacted with the material and the discontinuity. The acoustic receiver also generates a signal representative of the acoustic waves received by the acoustic receiver. A processor, in communication with the acoustic receiver and responsive to the signal generated by the acoustic receiver, is programmed to generate informational output about the discontinuity based on the signal generated by the acoustic receiver.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Norton, Stephen J. (Raleigh, NC)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustically coupled oscillations Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Mechanical Engineering PENNPENNSSTATETATE Acoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion... InstabilityAcoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion Instability ...

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustically enhanced remediation Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PENNPENNSSTATETATE Summary: Department of Mechanical Engineering PENNPENNSSTATETATE Acoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion... InstabilityAcoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine...

209

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic properties Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Mechanical Engineering PENNPENNSSTATETATE Acoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion... InstabilityAcoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion Instability ...

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave chemical Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lyle N.- Department of Aerospace Engineering, Pennsylvania State University Collection: Engineering 8 Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Summary: Acoustic Identification...

211

FIRING STABILITY OF SiNy / SiNx SURFACE PASSIVATION STACKS FOR CRYSTALLINE SILICON SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to passivate the phosphorous-diffused emitter at the front. The passivation of these SiNx films deposited

212

Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be performed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described. 6 figs.

Vail, W.B. III.

1989-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

213

Acoustic demonstrations for education in speech science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustic demonstrations are highly effective for education in speech science. We recently developed two educational tools for acoustics. The first educational tool is a set of physical models of the human vocal tract and related models. It contains cylinder and plate?type models [T. Arai J. Phonetic Soc. Jpn. 5(2) 31–38 (2001)] a sliding three?tube model [T. Arai Acoust. Sci. Technol. to be published] lungmodels an artificial larynx and head?shaped models [T. Arai Acoust. Sci. Technol. 27(2) 111–113 (2006)]. Each model has its own advantages and if combined effectively can produce a systematic and comprehensive education in speech production from the lungs to the head. The second educational tool is ‘‘Digital Pattern Playback (DPP)’’ [T. Arai et al. Acoust. Sci. Tech. to be published] which converts a spectrographic image of a speech signal back to sound by digital signal processing. A printed spectrogram on a sheet of paper can also be converted immediately after capturing the image from a camera and we confirmed that this is more intuitive for learners than converting from an electronic image. [Work partially supported by JSPS.KAKENHI (17500603).

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in gelogical formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleous present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be preformed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described.

Vail, III, William B. (Bothell, WA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

History of American acoustics—Introductory comments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The history of acoustics has been illuminated by the efforts in recent years of R. Bruce Lindsay and so this Bicentennial Session is being held in his honor. In addition certain numerological factors spurred our efforts in this Bicentennial Year 1976. It was just one hundred years ago that A. G. Bell's invention—the first practical telephone—was exhibited at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. A year later in 1877 the first edition of Rayleigh's Theory of Sound appeared. The conjunction of these two events eventually had a powerful influence on the development of acoustics. The invited speakers will in the papers which follow endeavor to describe all of the significant advances made by Americans to technical acoustics. Apparently it all began with Joseph Henry's efforts to solve a problem in auditorium acoustics. At the brink of World War II acoustics was invaded by a host of scientists and engineers. During the period 1941–45 and in the post war years frontiers were breached in almost every direction at such a rate that description of the advances made cannot be done here. And so most of our speakers will bring their histories up only to about the year 1940.

Richard K. Cook

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Indirect passive cooling system for liquid metal cooled nuclear reactors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor having a passive cooling system for removing residual heat resulting from fuel decay during reactor shutdown. The passive cooling system comprises a plurality of partitions surrounding the reactor vessel in spaced apart relation forming intermediate areas for circulating heat transferring fluid which remove and carry away heat from the reactor vessel. The passive cooling system includes a closed primary fluid circuit through the partitions surrounding the reactor vessel and a partially adjoining secondary open fluid circuit for carrying transferred heat out into the atmosphere.

Hunsbedt, Anstein (Los Gatos, CA); Boardman, Charles E. (Saratoga, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Low-Threshold Surface-Passivated Photonic Crystal Nanocavity Laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The efficiency and operating range of a photonic crystal laser is improved by passivating the InGaAs quantum well (QW) gain medium and GaAs membrane using an (NH4)S treatment. The passivated laser shows a four-fold reduction in nonradiative surface recombination rate, resulting in a four-fold reduction in lasing threshold. A three-level carrier dynamics model explains the results and shows that lasing threshold is as much determined by surface recombination losses as by the cavity quality factor (Q). Surface passivation therefore appears crucial in operating such lasers under practical conditions.

Dirk Englund; Hatice Altug; Jelena Vuckovic

2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

218

Passive solar in the United States: 1976-1986  

SciTech Connect

A decade of experience in passive solar development in the United States is reviewed. More than 200,000 residential and 15,000 institutional and commercial passive solar buildings have been constructed since 1976. The evolution of the program through its peak in 1980 to the present is described. Methods of performance prediction and evaluation are discussed including analysis methods, design tools, test modules and monitored buildings. Results of the monitoring show excellent performance, generally in agreement with the analysis, for both residences and larger buildings. Passive practice is analyzed and problems are discussed. The current research program is described. Potential savings are estimated.

Balcomb, J D

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

An approach for assessing ALWR passive safety system reliability  

SciTech Connect

Many advanced light water reactor designs incorporate passive rather than active safety features for front-line accident response. A method for evaluating the reliability of these passive systems in the context of probabilistic risk assessment has been developed at Sandia National Laboratories. This method addresses both the component (e.g. valve) failure aspect of passive system failure, and uncertainties in system success criteria arising from uncertainties in the system's underlying physical processes. These processes provide the system's driving force; examples are natural circulation and gravity-induced injection. This paper describes the method, and provides some preliminary results of application of the approach to the Westinghouse AP600 design.

Hake, T M

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Passive Time Coincidence Measurements with HEU Oxide Fuel Pins  

SciTech Connect

Passive time coincidence measurements have been performed on highly enriched uranium (HEU) oxide fuel pins at the Idaho National Laboratory Power Burst Facility. These experiments evaluate HEU detection capability using passive coincidence counting when utilizing moderated 3He tubes. Data acquisition was performed with the Nuclear Material Identification System (NMIS) to calculate the neutron coincidence time distributions. The amounts of HEU measured were 1 kg, 4 kg, and 8 kg in sealed 55-gallon drums. Data collected with the 3He tubes also include passive measurement of 31 kg of depleted uranium (DU) in order to determine the ability to distinguish HEU from DU. This paper presents results from the measurements.

McConchie, Seth M [ORNL] [ORNL; Hausladen, Paul [ORNL] [ORNL; Mihalczo, John T [ORNL] [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Acoustic measurement of the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well flow rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On May 31, 2010, a direct acoustic measurement method was used to quantify fluid leakage rate from the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well prior to removal of its broken riser. This method utilized an acoustic imaging sonar and ...

Camilli, Richard

222

Laser-excited acoustic oscillations in silver and bismuth nanowires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coherent acoustic oscillations in Bi and Ag nanowire samples were studied with a femtosecond pump-probe technique and detection of the scattered light. The observed optical and acoustic properties reflect the nanostructure of these materials...

Jerebtsov, Sergey N.; Kolomenskii, Alexandre A.; Liu, Haidong; Zhang, Hong; Ye, Zuxin; Luo, Zhiping; Wu, Wenhao; Paulus, Gerhard G.; Schuessler, Hans A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Spatiotemporal processing and time-reversal for underwater acoustic communications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-rate underwater acoustic communication can be achieved using transmitter/receiver arrays. Underwater acoustic channels can be characterized as rapidly time-varying systems that suffer severe Inter Symbol Interferences ...

Wang, Daniel Y

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

13.853 Computational Ocean Acoustics, Spring 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wave equations for fluid and visco-elastic media. Wave-theory formulations of acoustic source radiation and seismo-acoustic propagation in stratified ocean waveguides. Wavenumber Integration and Normal Mode methods for ...

Schmidt, Henrik

225

Achieving acoustical satisfaction in a green building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Carnegie Institution’s Global Ecology Research Center at Stanford University has garnered many accolades including the AIA’s Excellence in SustainabilityAward. This building incorporates many ‘‘green’’ and energy?saving design features mechanical systems and materials. The occupants of this facility have given it high marks in U.C. Berkeley’s Center for the Built Environment’s (CBE) survey of buildings. Staff at the Global Ecology Research Center are shown to be more satisfied with their acoustical environment than occupants of other green buildings surveyed by CBE. Measured acoustical data for speech privacy in open plan and enclosed conference rooms will be presented along with descriptions of acoustical design attributes for the building.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Acoustical design issues for library facility planners  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acting under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services retained Charles M. Salter Associates Inc. to provide a document explaining acoustical and audio/visual requirements for libraries to library planners architects and lay people. Acoustical design issues for libraries discussed on the website include site noise considerations noise standards for each use space room acoustics considerations sound isolation between various use spaces vibration control for mechanical equipment and audio/visual system considerations. The completed document forms a part of the Libris Design library facility planning information system which includes a website with recent information on facility planning topics and a database of recently constructed California public libraries.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Developing criteria for identifying acoustical defects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a construction defect lawsuit of a multifamily residential project the determination of whether a defect exists often hinges on the criteria applied. For many acoustical items such as plumbing and HVAC noise there are no code requirements but a number of guidelines and recommendations. For items such as noise from traffic or airborne and impact sound isolation between units minimum code requirements exist but often a more stringent standard is applied. How does an expert decide when it is appropriate to apply an acoustical standard that is beyond that required by building codes? Project drawings marketing materials homeowner regulations and other documents can provide indications of the intent and promise of the project as it relates to acoustical issues. The process is discussed with examples from recent cases.

John LoVerde; David W. Dong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

A comparison of methods for 3D target localization from seismic and acoustic signatures  

SciTech Connect

An important application of seismic and acoustic unattended ground sensors (UGS) is the estimation of the three dimensional position of an emitting target. Seismic and acoustic data derived from UGS systems provide the taw information to determine these locations, but can be processed and analyzed in a number of ways using varying amounts of auxiliary information. Processing methods to improve arrival time picking for continuous wave sources and methods for determining and defining the seismic velocity model are the primary variables affecting the localization accuracy. Results using field data collected from an underground facility have shown that using an iterative time picking technique significantly improves the accuracy of the resulting derived target location. Other processing techniques show little advantage over simple crosscorrelation along in terms of accuracy, but may improve the ease with which time picks can be made. An average velocity model found through passive listening or a velocity model determined from a calibration source near the target source both result in similar location accuracies, although the use of station correction severely increases the location error.

ELBRING,GREGORY J.; GARBIN,H. DOUGLAS; LADD,MARK D.

2000-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

229

Monitoring Thermal Fatigue Damage In Nuclear Power Plant Materials Using Acoustic Emission  

SciTech Connect

Proactive aging management of nuclear power plant passive components requires technologies to enable monitoring and accurate quantification of material condition at early stages of degradation (i.e., pre-macrocrack). Acoustic emission (AE) is well-suited to continuous monitoring of component degradation and is proposed as a method to monitor degradation during accelerated thermal fatigue tests. A key consideration is the ability to separate degradation responses from external sources such as water spray induced during thermal fatigue testing. Water spray provides a significant background of acoustic signals, which can overwhelm AE signals caused by degradation. Analysis of AE signal frequency and energy is proposed in this work as a means for separating degradation signals from background sources. Encouraging results were obtained by applying both frequency and energy filters to preliminary data. The analysis of signals filtered using frequency and energy provides signatures exhibiting several characteristics that are consistent with degradation accumulation in materials. Future work is planned to enable verification of the efficacy of AE for thermal fatigue crack initiation detection. While the emphasis has been placed on the use of AE for crack initiation detection during accelerated aging tests, this work also has implications with respect to the use of AE as a primary tool for early degradation monitoring in nuclear power plant materials. The development of NDE tools for characterization of aging in materials can also benefit from the use of a technology such as AE which can continuously monitor and detect crack initiation during accelerated aging tests.

Meyer, Ryan M.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Watson, Bruce E.; Pitman, Stan G.; Roosendaal, Timothy J.; Bond, Leonard J.

2012-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

230

Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation J.D. Regele  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical Modeling of Acoustic Timescale Detonation Initiation J.D. Regele , D.R. Kassoy and O to perform one and two-dimensional simulations of acoustic timescale detonation initiation using thermal overdriven detonation wave that decays to a steady-state CJ wave. A 1-D parametric study of acoustic

Vasilyev, Oleg V.

231

Support minimized inversion of acoustic and elastic wave scattering  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the following topics on support minimized inversion of acoustic and elastic wave scattering: Minimum support inversion; forward modelling of elastodynamic wave scattering; minimum support linearized acoustic inversion; support minimized nonlinear acoustic inversion without absolute phase; and support minimized nonlinear elastic inversion.

Safaeinili, A.

1994-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

232

The Impact of Civil Rights Legislation on Classroom Acoustics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.................................................................................................................... 30 v Abbreviations ADA American with Disabilities Act ADAAG Americans With Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines ANSI American National Standards Institute ARI Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute ASA Acoustical... classroom acoustics standards for subsequent inclusion in the Americans With Disabilities Act Access Guidelines (ADAAG), and to reference classroom acoustics in the International Building Code (IBC). However, opposition from the modular classroom and HVAC...

Teel, Jeffrey

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

233

Performance Assessment of Suture Type, Water Temperature, and Surgeon Skill in Juvenile Chinook Salmon Surgically Implanted with Acoustic Transmitters  

SciTech Connect

Size reductions of acoustic transmitters implanted in migrating juvenile salmonids have resulted in the use of a shorter incision - one that may warrant only one suture for closure. However, it is not known if a single suture will sufficiently hold the incision closed when fish are decompressed and outward pressure is placed on the surgical site during passage of hydroelectric dams. The objectives of this study were to evaluate five response variables in juvenile Chinook salmon subjected to simulated turbine passage. Fish were implanted with an acoustic transmitter (0.43 g in air) and a passive integrated transponder tag (0.10 g in air); incisions (6 mm) were closed with either one or two sutures. Following exposure, no transmitters were expelled. In addition, suture and incision tearing and mortal injury did not differ between treatment and control fish. Viscera expulsion was higher in treatment (12%) than control (1%) fish. The higher incidence of viscera expulsion through single-suture incisions warrants concern. Consequently, the authors do not recommend using one suture to close 6-mm incisions associated with acoustic transmitter implantation when juvenile salmonids may be exposed to turbine passage.

Deters, Katherine A.; Brown, Richard S.; Carter, Kathleen M.; Boyd, James W.; Eppard, M. B.; Seaburg, Adam

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Acoustic characteristics of clearly spoken English fricatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acoustic characteristics of clearly spoken English fricatives renc n Fr cept em exam s to aref fric ed b gram wn effe e co h w by effo y an and 21/1 Deliberately clarified speech has been seen to yield intelligi- 2003; Krause and Braida, 2004... situations.3962 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 125 #2;6#1;, June 2009 0001-4966/2009/12 ution subject to ASA license or copyright; see http://acousticalsociety.org/ce, Kansas 66044 ancisco, California 94104 ed 1 September 2008#2; to be understood more easily...

Maniwa, Kazumi; Jongman, Allard

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager - Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager Multimedia Nuclear Systems Analysis Engineering Analysis Nonproliferation and National Security Detection & Diagnostic Systems Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager VIDEO TRANSCRIPT Remote Vital Sign Monitoring System Preventing the Worst (by CNN) Engineering Development & Applications Argonne's Nuclear Science & Technology Legacy Other Multimedia Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Detection & Diagnostic Systems Multimedia Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager Video | Other sizes/formats available Other available versions of this video: Problems viewing the video in this page? Choose another format/size from the menu below; this video is available in Flash Video Flash, Quicktime video Quicktime or Windows Media video Windows Media format

236

Developing a comprehensive software environment for passive solar design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a journal which describes the thoughts and decisions leading up to the final design of a comprehensive software environment for passive solar design. The main purpose of this writing is to convey why a ...

Lotz, Steven E

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

The NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission: Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission is one of the first Earth observation satellites being developed by NASA in response to the National Research Council's Decadal Survey. Its mission design consists of L-band ...

O'Neill, Peggy

238

Design of double passive modulated mode-locked lasers  

SciTech Connect

A set of equations is obtained that allow the determination of the optimum values for the laser parameters in order to obtain perfect mode-locking by double passive modulation. The double modulation consists of a fast saturable absorber and a passive loss proportional to the mean intensity in the cavity provided by a passively driven electro-optic modulator. The stochastic nature of the emission of conventional passive modulated systems is eliminated if the correct values of the modulation parameters are chosen as predicted by the equations presented here. The predictions given by the equations were compared with previous numerical computations in order to check the validity of certain approximations used. Experimental results obtained confirm the predictions given by said equations.

Martinez, O.E.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

A Semi-Passive Containment Cooling System Conceptual Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to investigate a passive containment cooling system (PCCS) for the double concrete containment of the Korean Next Generation Reactor (KNGR). Two conceptual PCCS designs: the thermosyphon ...

Liu, H.

240

Graphene passively Q-switched two-micron fiber lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate a passively Q-switched thulium fiber laser, using a graphene-based saturable absorber. The laser is based on an all-fiber ring cavity and produces ~2.3?s pulses at...

Wang, Fengqiu; Torrisi, Felice; Jiang, Zhe; Popa, Daniel; Hasan, Tawfique; Sun, Zhipei; Cho, Wonbae; Ferrari, Andrea C

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Cladding-pumped passive harmonically mode-locked fiber laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A passive harmonically mode-locked fiber laser cladding pumped by a broad-area diode-laser array is described. Harmonic mode locking is obtained in a frequency range from 33.3 to 128.6...

Fermann, M E; Minelly, J D

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Using Passive Solar Design to Save Money and Energy | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

a typical home Let's Get Down to the Basics A passive solar home collects heat as the sun shines through south-facing windows and retains it in materials that store heat, known...

243

Development of the Passive Cooling Technique in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With more and more energy and environmental issues, the energy-saving and sustainable development of buildings is of utmost concern to the building industry. Passive cooling techniques can optimally utilize natural resources in order to reduce...

Zhou, J.; Wu, J.; Zhang, G.; Xu, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Low-energy Passive Solar Residence in Austin, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

year long optimum indoor comfort in buildings. This research, through a design exercise, intends to verify whether a naturally ventilated house, in hot humid region of Austin, TX, can enhance its passive cooling potential through double?walled wind...

Sau, Arunabha

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

245

Materials selection for thermal comfort in passive solar buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a combined analytical, computational, and experimental study of the key parameters for selecting affordable materials and designing for thermal comfort in passive solar build...

J. M. Thomas; S. Algohary; F. Hammad; W. O. Soboyejo

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Commercial Thermal Desorption Tubes and the Effect of Ozone on Sampling Title Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Commercial Thermal Desorption Tubes and the Effect of Ozone on Sampling Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6257E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Maddalena, Randy L., Amanda Parra, Marion L. Russell, and Wen-Yee Lee Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords indoor air quality, Passive Sampling, Uptake Rates, vocs Abstract Diffusive or passive sampling methods using commercially filled axial-sampling thermal desorption tubes are widely used for measuring volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in air. The passive sampling method provides a robust, cost effective way to measure air quality with time-averaged concentrations spanning up to a week or more. Sampling rates for VOCs can be calculated using tube geometry and Fick's Law for ideal diffusion behavior or measured experimentally. There is evidence that uptake rates deviate from ideal and may not be constant over time. Therefore, experimentally measured sampling rates are preferred. In this project, a calibration chamber with a continuous stirred tank reactor design and constant VOC source was combined with active sampling to generate a controlled dynamic calibration environment for passive samplers. The chamber air was augmented with a continuous source of 45 VOCs ranging from pentane to diethyl phthalate representing a variety of chemical classes and physiochemical properties. Both passive and active samples were collected on commercially filled Tenax TA thermal desorption tubes over an 11-day period and used to calculate passive sampling rates. A second experiment was designed to determine the impact of ozone on passive sampling by using the calibration chamber to passively load five terpenes on a set of Tenax tubes and then exposing the tubes to different ozone environments with and without ozone scrubbers attached to the tube inlet. During the sampling rate experiment, the measured diffusive uptake was constant for up to seven days for most of the VOCs tested but deviated from linearity for some of the more volatile compounds between seven and eleven days. In the ozone experiment, both exposed and unexposed tubes showed a similar decline in terpene mass over time indicating back diffusion when uncapped tubes were transferred to a clean environment but there was no indication of significant loss by ozone reaction.

247

Solar air-conditioning-active, hybrid and passive  

SciTech Connect

After a discussion of summer air conditioning requirements in the United States, active, hybrid, and passive cooling systems are defined. Active processes and systems include absorption, Rankine cycle, and a small variety of miscellaneous systems. The hybrid solar cooling and dehumidification technology of desiccation is covered as well as evaporative cooling. The passive solar cooling processes covered include convective, radiative and evaporative cooling. Federal and state involvement in solar cooling is then discussed. (LEW)

Yellott, J. I.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Deterministic passive mode locking of solid-state lasers  

SciTech Connect

An additional passive modulation is inserted in the cavity of a passive mode-locked Nd:glass laser in order to provide the conditions for a complete selectivity of the system. A rate equation approach shows that a stationary condition is reached in which only one pulse of the original fluctuation pattern is left. Computed simulations and experimental results are also shown confirming the theoretical predictions.

Martinez, O.E.; Spinelli, L.A.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Characterization of the passive film formed on weathering steels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Raman spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and electrochemical reduction techniques were used to characterize the passive film formed on weathering steels. Test pieces of weathering steel were exposed to an industrial environment for 4.5 and 8 yrs. In both cases the passive film was composed predominantly of 8-FeOOH with 10–20% ?-FeOOH and possibly some ?-FeOOH. Raman spectra from different depths of the surface were identical which implied that the film composition was homogeneous.

Joseph T. Keiser; Chris W. Brown; Robert H. Heidersbach

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Preservation of FFTF Data Related to Passive Safety Testing  

SciTech Connect

One of the goals of the Fuel Cycle Research and Development Program (FCRD) is to preserve the knowledge that has been gained in the United States on Liquid Metal Reactors (LMR). A key area deserving special attention for preservation is the data relating to passive safety testing that was conducted in FFTF and EBR-II during the 1980’s. Accidents at Unit 4 of the Chernobyl Station and Unit 2 at Three Mile Island changed the safety paradigm of the nuclear power industry. New emphasis was placed on assured safety based on intrinsic plant characteristics that protect not only the public, but the significant investment in the plant as well. Plants designated to perform in this manner are considered to be passively safe since no active sensor/alarm system or human intervention is required to bring the reactor to a safe shutdown condition. The liquid metal reactor (LMR) has several key characteristics needed for a passively safe reactor: reactor coolant with superior heat transfer capability and very high boiling point, low (atmospheric) system pressures, and reliable negative reactivity feedback. The credibility of the design for a passively safe LMR rests on two issues: the validity of analytic methods used to predict passive safety performance and the availability of relevant test data to calibrate design tools. Safety analysis methods used to analyze LMRs under the old safety paradigm were focused on calculating the source term for the Core Disruptive Accident. Passive safety design requires refined analysis methods for transient events because treatment of the detailed reactivity feedbacks is important in predicting the response of the reactor. Similarly, analytic tools should be calibrated against actual test experience in existing LMR facilities. The principal objectives of the combined FFTF natural circulation and Passive Safety Testing program were: 1) to verify natural circulation as a reliable means to safely remove decay heat, 2) to extend passive safety experience to a large-size LMR and obtain data for validating design analysis computer codes, and 3) to develop and test passive safety enhancements that might be used for future LMRs. These tests were designed to provide data sufficient to allow separation of fuel temperature effects from structural temperature effects. The data developed through this testing program were used to verify the predictive capability of passive safety analysis methods as well as provide a data base for calibrating design tools such as the SASSYS/SAS4A codes. These tests were instrumental in improving understanding of reactivity feedback mechanisms in LMRs and demonstrating passive safety margins available in an LMR. Knowledge preservation at the FFTF is focused on the areas of design, construction, startup, and operation of the reactor. This information may be of potential use for international exchanges with other LMR programs around the world. This information provides the basis for creating benchmarks for validating and testing large scale computer programs. All information preserved to date is now being stored and categorized consistent with the IAEA international standardized taxonomy. The test results information exists in several different formats depending upon the final stage of the test evaluation. Over 100 documents relevant to passive safety testing have been identified and are being recovered, scanned, and catalogued. Attempts to recover plant data tapes are also in progress. Documents related to passive safety testing are now being categorized consistent with internationally agreed upon IAEA standards. Documents are being converted to electronic format compatible with a general search engine being developed by INL. The data from the FFTF passive safety tests provides experimental verification of structural reactivity effects that should be very useful to innovative designers seeking to optimize passive safety in the design of new LMRs.

Wootan, David W.; Butner, R. Scott; Omberg, Ronald P.; Makenas, Bruce J.; Nielsen, Deborah L.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Acoustically enhanced remediation, Phase 2: Technology scaling  

SciTech Connect

Weiss Associates is conducting the following three phase program investigating the in-situ application of acoustically enhanced remediation (AER) of contaminated unconsolidated soil and ground water under both saturated and unsaturated conditions: Phase I-- laboratory scale parametric investigation; Phase II--technology Scaling; and Phase III--large scale field tests. AER addresses the need for NAPL (either lighter or denser than water: LNAPL or DNAPL, respectively) in high and low permeability sediments, and the remediation of other types of subsurface contaminants (e.g., metals, radionuclides) in low permeability soils. This program has been placed in the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) DNAPL product. Phase I indicated that AER could be used to effectively remediate NAPL in high permeability soil, and that removal of NAPL from low permeability soil could be increased since the water flux through these soils was significantly increased. Phase II, Technology Scaling, the subject of this paper, focused on (1) evaluating the characteristics of an AER field deployment system, (2) developing DNAPL flow and transport performance data under acoustic excitation, (3) predicting the effect of acoustic remediation in three-dimensional unconsolidated hydrogeologic conditions, (4) conducting an engineering analysis of acoustical sources, and (5) identifying candidate field site(s) for large-scale field testing of the technology.

Iovenitti, J.L.; Hill, D.G. [Weiss Associates, Emeryville, CA (United States); Rynne, T.M.; Spadaro, J.F.; Hutchinson, W. [Scientific Applications and Research Associates, Inc., Huntington Beach, CA (United States); Illangasakere, T. [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

252

Thermoacoustic Stirling Engine --An acoustic amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Laboratory Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics Group MS K764, Los Alamos, NM 87545 backhaus) efficiencies 6" 24 " 72 " Acoustic power: 100 W 1 kW 50 kW T.A. efficiency: 23% 30% 25% All-metal bonded PZT stacks Metal joints, rather than epoxy joints, between PZT elements allow stacks to generate high power

Lee, Dongwon

253

New acoustic devices for breathing investigations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of spirometry control in medicine and medical engineering still remains urgent. The necessity of getting more and more information from spirometry investigations imposes more and more stringent requirements for spirometers, volumeters and ... Keywords: acoustic waves propagation, air-gas velocity, breathing, flow rate, measurement, moving in channel media, spiroanalyser

Semyon Shkundin

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Acoustics of modular construction—Industry overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This session will provide an overview of the issues and efforts impacting the commercial modular construction industry throughout North America with particular focus on acoustics in relocatable classrooms. The Modular Building Institute is the international nonprofit trade association representing manufacturers and dealers of commercial modular facilites both temporary and permanent serving educational health care retail industrial military and multi?family markets.

Thomas E. Hardiman

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Ocean Climate Change: Comparison of Acoustic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean Climate Change: Comparison of Acoustic Tomography, Satellite Altimetry, and Modeling The ATOC to thermal expansion. Interpreting climate change signals from fluctuations in sea level is therefore in the advective heat flux. Changes in oceanic heat storage are a major expected element of future climate shifts

Frandsen, Jannette B.

256

Acoustic-emission monitoring during hydraulic fracturing  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that microseismic events or acoustic emissions associated with hydraulic fracturing are recorded with a borehole seismic tool in a deviated well during multirate injection, shut-in, and flowback. The event locations indicate that fracture orientation, length, and height are compatible with regional stress directions and estimates of the fracture size that are based on pressure decline.

Stewart, L. (Schlumberger-Doll Research (US)); Cassell, B.R. (Schlumberger Wireline Services (US)); Bol, G.M. (Nederlanse Aardolie Mij. B.V. (NL))

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Research equipment: Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the acoustic wave. More specifically, the equipment consists of: i. HP 4195A (10Hz-500MHz) ii. HP 8753ES (30kHz measurements on many SAW devices iii. Agilent E5061A (300kHz-1.5GHz) http Scientific Corp.): Atmospheric plasma etching, for surface cleaning, surface treatment and activation

Gizeli, Electra

258

Title Slide "The broadband acoustic output of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title Slide "The broadband acoustic output of marine seismic airgun sources" Les Hatton CISM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . #12;Seismic sources ­ marine airguns Introduction Modelling Marine Life Impact Where next Overview #12 Normal speed surface movie of airgun firing Courtesy IO limited #12;Seismic sources ­ marine airguns

Hatton, Les

259

Condition Monitoring and Management from Acoustic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is about condition monitoring of large diesel engines from acoustic emission signals. The experiments have been focused on a specific and severe fault called scuffing. The fault is generally assumed to arise of this work is the analysis of the angular position changes of the engine related events such as fuel

260

Acoustic Lexemes for Organizing Internet Audio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acoustic Lexemes for Organizing Internet Audio Michael A. Casey In this article, a method is proposed for automatic fine-scale audio description that draws inspiration from ontological sound automation of audio description at the level of sound objects for indexing and retrieving sound segments

Casey, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

ElectroAcoustical HansGerd Berns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. DUMAND will be deployed at 4800 m depth in the Pacific Ocean approximately 25 km off the west coast at DUMAND Site : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 46 6.4 First Acoustical Survey Operations at DUMAND : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 50 7.2 Transducer: ITC­3217 Modified : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 51 7.3 Power Amplifier

Berns, Hans-Gerd

262

Upgrading secret military facilities—What is more important, acoustic design standards or acoustical performance?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Defense has developed acoustical performance standards that are to be achieved in the design and construction of meeting and conference rooms where sensitive and secret information will be discussed. These performance standards rely on published acoustical industry design data which are readily available. The intention of these standards is to prevent sensitive and secret information from being heard understood or otherwise obtained by persons or devices that are not authorized to have access to such information. This paper presents design and field performance test results for new and renovated secret rooms that initially passed the acoustical design criteria and acoustical standard field tests but failed to provide the desired secret level acoustical performance. Further investigations and research into partition component and building composite performance indicated that floors walls ceilings doors windows and perimeter penetrations by conduit and HVAC ducting which individually met the design standards and when installed meet the design standards but as a composite did not provide the intended acoustical performance that would prevent unauthorized access to sensitive and secret information by persons or devices outside the designated perimeter. Reasons for certain performance failures are discussed and specific successful remedies are presented.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Passive solar is cost-effective: observations on financing conservation and passive solar features in public sector housing  

SciTech Connect

The cost-effectiveness of passive solar systems depends not only on costs and performance but on future fuel prices, the value of architectural amenities, and the financial position of the investor. Because the state is unstable, un-taxed, and has access to low-cost capital, it can afford to make energy-saving/passive solar investments 2 to 3 times those typical in the private sector. Experience with 17 state-financed passive solar housing projects presently in varying stages of design and construction indicates that passive solar systems in multi-family housing can be highly cost-effective. Investments to data are predicted to average $422/GJ/yr. ($445/MMBtu/yr) saved, while life-cycle cost estimates indicate that expenditures which average up to $650 ($700) are justified. The major barrier to passive solar in multi-family housing appears to be a lack of knowledge, both within the government and the architectural profession, about economical passive solar design opportunities.

Rouse, R.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Well Log Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Acoustic Logs Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Rock stress and fracture analysis Hydrological: Use for fracture identification in open and cased holes. Also used for evaluating hydro fracturing/well stimulation effectiveness. Thermal: Dictionary.png Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log: An acoustic logging technique where the acoustic transmitter and receivers are lowered down hole and waveforms that travel through the well mud,

265

A study of electrode passivation during aqueous phenol electrolysis  

SciTech Connect

The process of electrode passivation during phenol electrolysis at a platinum electrode was studied in a sulfuric acid electrolyte (pH0-1). Passive film growth and the effects of concentration and potential were investigated using chronoamperometry, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and gel permeation chromatography. The main products of the phenol oxidation are oligomers/polymers with weight-averaged molecular weights typically around 1000 g/mol after a 30 ms anodic pulse. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows that the passivating polymer film is oxidized incompletely with many hydroxyl groups present. Increased potential increased the polymerization rate, but above 1.0 V vs. SCE film decomposition reactions also occurred. Increased phenol concentration increased the charge required to initiate passivation. Potential steps to the open-circuit potential or to mo9re cathodic values can interfere with the passivation process. Chronamperometric results show that the current decay at the passivated electrode is roughly inversely proportional to time and that the currents for a fixed amount of polymerization reaction follow a Tafel relationship. This t;type of decay is not due to a limitation caused b;y reactant diffusion through, nor IR drop across, a growing film but is more characteristic of electron tunneling through a growing insulating barrier layer. The model proposed for the observed behavior involves the formation of a region of high molecular weight, oxidized material at the electrode surface which blocks further reaction at the electrode. The rate-determining step at the passivated electrode is therefore electron tunneling through this unreactive material.

Gattrell, M.; Kirk, D.W. (Univ. of Toronto, ON (Canada))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbines in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect

Hydrokinetic turbines will be a source of noise in the marine environment - both during operation and during installation/removal. High intensity sound can cause injury or behavioral changes in marine mammals and may also affect fish and invertebrates. These noise effects are, however, highly dependent on the individual marine animals; the intensity, frequency, and duration of the sound; and context in which the sound is received. In other words, production of sound is a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for an environmental impact. At a workshop on the environmental effects of tidal energy development, experts identified sound produced by turbines as an area of potentially significant impact, but also high uncertainty. The overall objectives of this project are to improve our understanding of the potential acoustic effects of tidal turbines by: (1) Characterizing sources of existing underwater noise; (2) Assessing the effectiveness of monitoring technologies to characterize underwater noise and marine mammal responsiveness to noise; (3) Evaluating the sound profile of an operating tidal turbine; and (4) Studying the effect of turbine sound on surrogate species in a laboratory environment. This study focuses on a specific case study for tidal energy development in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington (USA), but the methodologies and results are applicable to other turbine technologies and geographic locations. The project succeeded in achieving the above objectives and, in doing so, substantially contributed to the body of knowledge around the acoustic effects of tidal energy development in several ways: (1) Through collection of data from Admiralty Inlet, established the sources of sound generated by strong currents (mobilizations of sediment and gravel) and determined that low-frequency sound recorded during periods of strong currents is non-propagating pseudo-sound. This helped to advance the debate within the marine and hydrokinetics acoustic community as to whether strong currents produce propagating sound. (2) Analyzed data collected from a tidal turbine operating at the European Marine Energy Center to develop a profile of turbine sound and developed a framework to evaluate the acoustic effects of deploying similar devices in other locations. This framework has been applied to Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish Country's demonstration project in Admiralty Inlet to inform postinstallation acoustic and marine mammal monitoring plans. (3) Demonstrated passive acoustic techniques to characterize the ambient noise environment at tidal energy sites (fixed, long-term observations recommended) and characterize the sound from anthropogenic sources (drifting, short-term observations recommended). (4) Demonstrated the utility and limitations of instrumentation, including bottom mounted instrumentation packages, infrared cameras, and vessel monitoring systems. In doing so, also demonstrated how this type of comprehensive information is needed to interpret observations from each instrument (e.g., hydrophone data can be combined with vessel tracking data to evaluate the contribution of vessel sound to ambient noise). (5) Conducted a study that suggests harbor porpoise in Admiralty Inlet may be habituated to high levels of ambient noise due to omnipresent vessel traffic. The inability to detect behavioral changes associated with a high intensity source of opportunity (passenger ferry) has informed the approach for post-installation marine mammal monitoring. (6) Conducted laboratory exposure experiments of juvenile Chinook salmon and showed that exposure to a worse than worst case acoustic dose of turbine sound does not result in changes to hearing thresholds or biologically significant tissue damage. Collectively, this means that Chinook salmon may be at a relatively low risk of injury from sound produced by tidal turbines located in or near their migration path. In achieving these accomplishments, the project has significantly advanced the District's goals of developing a demonstration-scale tidal energy proj

Brian Polagye; Jim Thomson; Chris Bassett; Jason Wood; Dom Tollit; Robert Cavagnaro; Andrea Copping

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

267

Passive solar design for multi-family buildings. Case studies and conclusions from Massachusetts' Multi-Family Passive Solar Program  

SciTech Connect

This book is the culmination of a four-year effort. It summarizes experiences and conclusions from Massachusetts' Multi-Family Passive Solar Program (MFPS) - a pioneering project conceived at the Executive Office of Energy Resources in February 1979 and still underway. The program educates architects, engineers, and housing officials about passive solar design by addressing problems and opportunities in their own buildings. It is the first major investigation of multi-family passive solar design in this country and has served as a national model. Section I provides an overview of the Multi-Family Passsive Solar Program and its projects, together with a summary of program conclusions and design recommendations. The section should be particularly useful to developers and housing officials interested in passive solar options. Section II presents detailed case studies on seven housing projects containing Energy Office-funded conservation and passive solar features. It gives the reader a thorough analysis of actual multi-family buildings, now occupied or under construction, and lists the unique problems and opportunities each presents. The case studies are candid about design errors, as well as successes, and should help architects and developers avoid similar mistakes. Section III focuses on the key energy design issues for multi-family passive solar buildings and is intended for architects and designers. The section begins with an overview of climate, micro-climate, and thermal comfort, followed by a chapter on what makes multi-family buildings different from homes or offices. Energy-conserving components and installation practices, window selection, and passive solar system design are then discussed in depth. The final chapter points out pitfalls to be avoided when analyzing conservation and solar costs, performance, and cost-effectiveness. The section is followed by appendices.

Rouse, R.E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Proposed passive solar retrofit project for the Tennessee Vallley Authority  

SciTech Connect

A program has been advocated to introduce the widespread use of passive solar techniques as an energy source for the heating and cooling of existing housing in the TVA region. The development of curricula and training of TVA's energy advisors, Valley contractors, and suppliers of passive solar retrofit products and services is discussed. In addition, the program will train and certify local teams who will provide technical assistance to contractors, inform the public through construction workshops, classes, information dissemination, and provide seminars for special target audiences such as bankers and real estate agents. The passive solar retrofit applications to be included in this program are attached solar greenhouses or sunspaces, direct and indirect solar gain systems, shading or screening devices such as trees and awnings, and movable insulation.

Yanda, S.B. (Solar Applications Branch, Hinesburg, VT); Hicks, S.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Acoustic boundary layer and acoustic radiation from a ribbed flat plate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic boundary?layer theory(patterned after the viscous boundary?layer theory) is derived by noting that for low frequencies where the structural wavelength is much less than the fluid acoustic wavelength there is a region about the vibrating structure which behaves as if the fluid was incompressible. The dimension of this region depends upon the particular conditions of the problem. In a paper presented by the author [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62 S32(A) (1977)] the theory behind the acoustic boundary layer was developed and applied to simple unit problems. In this paper the near and the far field of a force driven plate is obtained by the use of the acoustic boundary?layer theory. Two different problems are addressed. In the first instance the structure is assumed to be homogeneous while in the second problem presented a rib is attached to the flat plate. In both instances the fully coupled fluid structure problem is solved and comparisons between the exact classical approach and the proposed theory are discussed.

Mauro Pierucci

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Argonne Acoustic Levitation Video Goes Viral  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Inside the Advanced Photon Source" Inside the latest Argonne Now "Inside the Advanced Photon Source" Inside the latest Argonne Now APS Director Stephenson Named Argonne Distinguished Fellow Advanced Photon Source, Canadian Light Source Strengthen Ties, Expand X-ray Technology and Research Rose of APS and CNM One of Four DOE Early Career Award Winners Scientists Close-In on Artificial Spider Silk APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Argonne Acoustic Levitation Video Goes Viral SEPTEMBER 25, 2012 Bookmark and Share Drops of solution being suspended for a long period of time, thanks to the vibrational force of sound waves that keep them stationary in an air column. More than 41,000 Google hits for "acoustic levitation Argonne" as of

271

Definition: Acoustic Televiewer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Televiewer Televiewer Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Acoustic Televiewer The Acoustic Televiewer (ATV) log provides a very-high resolution, sonic image of the borehole wall. The tool consists of an ultrasonic transducer coupled with a downhole inclinometer. These devices are used to generate an oriented image of seismic velocity variation and wave amplitude. These images are then examined and highlighted to reveal fractures, bedding planes and orientation of those features. The log is useful for strata and fracture delineation, and can also be used to evaluate compressional-wave velocity, borehole deviation and eccentricity.[1] References ↑ http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/esc/geotech/gg/atv_log.htm Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

272

Development of a geothermal acoustic borehole televiewer  

SciTech Connect

Most geothermal wells are drilled in hard rock formations where fluid flow is through systems of open fractures. Productivity of these wells is usually determined by the extent of intersection of the wellbore with the fracture system. A need exists for fracture mapping methods and tools which can operate in a geothermal environment. In less hostile environments, the acoustic borehole televiewer has been shown to be a useful tool for determining location, orientation, and characterization of fractures as they intersect the borehole and for general wellbore and casing inspection. The development conducted at Sandia National Laboratories to adapt an acoustic borehole televiewer for operation in a geothermal environment is described. The modified instrument has been successfully tested at temperatures as high as 280/sup 0/C and pressures up to 5000 psi, and used successfully to map fractures and casing damage in geothermal wells.

Heard, F.E.; Bauman, T.J.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Acoustical performance testing of duct silencers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The test method used in North America to evaluate the acoustical performance of duct silencers is ASTM E477. The ASTM standard provides an approved method for measuring the aerodynamic pressure drop dynamic insertion loss and self?generated noise of duct silencers. Unfortunately restrictions on the construction of the test duct in the current standard cause erroneous results in the measurement of insertion loss at low frequencies. These errors are due to acoustic resonances that occur naturally in the empty test duct. It is recommended that the standard be modified to require anechoic terminations at both ends of the test duct. It is also recommended that more specific design criteria for the source chamber be established and that a new section be added to provide for the measurement of the radiated noise from the casing of the test specimen. Specific recommendations relating to all of these issues will be provided.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Broadband acoustic imaging of breaking waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An acoustic array was deployed in the near?surface layer in Saanich Inlet BC to image breaking waves using only the naturally occurring acoustical radiation in the band (160 and 2000 Hz) from the breaking region. The 15?element array was configured as a horizontal cross with an 8?m aperture bottom?moored and positioned nominally 3 m beneath the surface. A novel broadband scheme combined information at six independent frequencies above about 400 Hz to yield unambiguous resolved images. A parametric image analysis shows that the images align closely with the wind and can be observed moving downwind with a speed roughly equal to the dominant phase speed of the wind waves. Absolute power levels are found to be consistent with previously published results. The data also provide inferences regarding the sound generation mechanism at ‘‘collective oscillation’’ frequencies below about 400 Hz. [Work supported by ONR.

Rex K. Andrew; David M. Farmer; R. Lynn Kirlin

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Powerful, efficient, robust, electro?acoustic transducers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The STAR™ resonant reciprocating transducer began as a lightweight linear alternator design for a space?power free?piston Stirling engine in the early 1990's. It has since been developed into a range of commercially available motors and alternators with rated powers from 100 to over 10 000 watts (acoustic). As motors these are acoustic pressure drivers with unlimited operating life and typical transduction efficiencies of 80?90 percent. This paper explains the electrodynamics and operation of these moving? magnet Lorentz?force devices and the unique geometric configuration that has allowed scaling over such a wide range. We discuss the design and function of the unique single?degree?of?freedom flexure suspension that enables both the compact geometry and unlimited service life without wear. Data is presented from a large sample of units placed in service during the last decade demonstrating the durability and performance of these remarkable devices.

John Corey

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

An overview of time?reversal acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time?reversal invariance is a very powerful concept in physics. In the field of acoustics where time reversal invariance occurs time?reversal experiments may be achieved simply with arrays of transmit?receive transducers allowing an incident wave field to be sampled recorded time?reversed and re?emitted. Time reversal mirrors (TRMs) may be used to study random media and chaotic reverberating structures. Common to these complex media is a remarkable robustness exemplified by observations that the more complex the medium between the probe source and the TRM the sharper the focus. TRMs open the way to new signal processings that interest imaging detection telecommunications and therapy. Time reversal mirrors have plenty of applications including ultrasonic therapy and medical imaging non destructive testing telecommunications underwater acoustics seismology sound control home automation. An overview of these fields will be presented.

Mathias Fink

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

NW-MILO Acoustic Data Collection  

SciTech Connect

There is an enduring requirement to improve our ability to detect potential threats and discriminate these from the legitimate commercial and recreational activity ongoing in the nearshore/littoral portion of the maritime domain. The Northwest Maritime Information and Littoral Operations (NW-MILO) Program at PNNL’s Coastal Security Institute in Sequim, Washington is establishing a methodology to detect and classify these threats - in part through developing a better understanding of acoustic signatures in a near-shore environment. The purpose of the acoustic data collection described here is to investigate the acoustic signatures of small vessels. The data is being recorded continuously, 24 hours a day, along with radar track data and imagery. The recording began in August 2008, and to date the data contains tens of thousands of signals from small vessels recorded in a variety of environmental conditions. The quantity and variety of this data collection, with the supporting imagery and radar track data, makes it particularly useful for the development of robust acoustic signature models and advanced algorithms for signal classification and information extraction. The underwater acoustic sensing system is part of a multi-modal sensing system that is operating near the mouth of Sequim Bay. Sequim Bay opens onto the Straight of Juan de Fuca, which contains part of the border between the U.S. and Canada. Table 1 lists the specific components used for the NW-MILO system. The acoustic sensor is a hydrophone permanently deployed at a mean depth of about 3 meters. In addition to a hydrophone, the other sensors in the system are a marine radar, an electro-optical (EO) camera and an infra-red (IR) camera. The radar is integrated with a vessel tracking system (VTS) that provides position, speed and heading information. The data from all the sensors is recorded and saved to a central server. The data has been validated in terms of its usability for characterizing the signatures of small vessels. The sampling rate of 8 kHz and low pass filtering to 2 kHz results in an alias-free signal in the frequency band that is appropriate for small vessels. Calibration was performed using a Lubell underwater speaker so that the raw data signal levels can be converted to sound pressure. Background noise is present due to a nearby pump and as a result of tidal currents. More study is needed to fully characterize the noise, but it does not pose an obstacle to using the acoustic data for the purposes of vessel detection and signature analysis. The detection range for a small vessel was estimated using the calibrated voltage response of the system and a cylindrical spreading model for transmission loss. The sound pressure of a typical vessel with an outboard motor was found to be around 140 dB mPa, and could theoretically be detected from 10 km away. In practical terms, a small vessel could reliably be detected from 3 - 5 km away. The data is archived in netCDF files, a standard scientific file format that is "self describing". This means that each data file contains the metadata - timestamps, units, origin, etc. - needed to make the data meaningful and portable. Other file formats, such as XML, are also supported. A visualization tool has been developed to view the acoustic data in the form of spectrograms, along with the coincident radar track data and camera images.

Matzner, Shari; Myers, Joshua R.; Maxwell, Adam R.; Jones, Mark E.

2010-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

278

Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and process for removal of particulates entrained in a gas stream are provided. The removal process employs a pulse combustor to provide an acoustic pressure wave to acoustically enhance agglomeration of particulates which may be collected and removed using a conventional separation apparatus. The apparatus may be employed as a direct fired system for improved operation of gas-operated equipment such as a gas turbine, or may, alternatively, be employed as an add-on subsystem for combustion exhaust clean-up. Additionally, added particulates may include a sorbent for effecting sorption of other contaminants such as sulfur. Various other particulates for contaminant removal may also be introduced into the system as exemplified by alkali-gettering agents.

Mansour, Momtaz N. (Columbia, MD); Chandran, Ravi (Ellicott City, MD)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and process for removal of particulates entrained in a gas stream are provided. The removal process employs a pulse combustor to provide an acoustic pressure wave to acoustically enhance bimodal agglomeration of particulates which may be collected and removed using a conventional separation apparatus. A particulate having a size different from the size of the particulate in the gas stream to be cleaned is introduced into the system to effectuate the bimodal process. The apparatus may be employed as a direct fired system for improved operation of gas-operated equipment such as a gas turbine, or may, alternatively, be employed as an add-on subsystem for combustion exhaust clean-up. Additionally, the added particulate may be a sorbent for effecting sorption of other contaminants such as sulfur. Various other particulates for contaminant removal may also be introduced into the system as exemplified by alkali-gettering agents.

Mansour, Momtaz N. (Columbia, MD)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Ongoing developments in classroom acoustic theory and practice in 2012, and reports on efforts to implement good classroom acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We live in a time of increasingly loud competing sounds and hearing loss is the number one disability in the world. Diverse populations of school children are especially vulnerable. The result is a degradation of the child’s academic achievement. New classrooms built everyday often incorporate acoustical barriers which limit students’ achievements. Overcoming these barriers involves funding constraints construction timelines and lack of support which requires advocacy from parents school boards and design teams. This advocacy should include the ANSI Classroom Acoustics standards and an acoustical assessment of existing classrooms. Complex classroom acoustics challenges may include reduction of noise radiated by HVAC systems improved acoustic treatment of external walls to minimize exterior noise and acoustic design of walls between adjacent noisy classrooms. Next steps for schools should be to retain an architect and/or an acoustical engineer for remodels and new school construction who are well versed in acoustics for educational settings and noise control. A booklet covering these issues and designed as a practical guide for educators not versed in acoustics is in preparation by the Acoustical Society of America.

Pamela Brown; Mary Crouse

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Acoustic enhancement for photo detecting devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Provided are improvements to photo detecting devices and methods for enhancing the sensitivity of photo detecting devices. A photo detecting device generates an electronic signal in response to a received light pulse. An electro-mechanical acoustic resonator, electrically coupled to the photo detecting device, damps the electronic signal and increases the signal noise ratio (SNR) of the electronic signal. Increased photo detector standoff distances and sensitivities will result.

Thundat, Thomas G; Senesac, Lawrence R; Van Neste, Charles W

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

282

Acoustic measurement of potato cannon velocity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article describes measurement of potato cannon velocity with a digitized microphone signal. A microphone is attached to the potato cannon muzzle and a potato is fired at an aluminum target about 10 m away. The potato's flight time can be determined from the acoustic waveform by subtracting the time in the barrel and time for sound to return from the target. The potato velocity is simply the flight distance divided by the flight time.

Courtney, M; Courtney, Amy; Courtney, Michael

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

List of Passive Solar Space Heat Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Space Heat Incentives Space Heat Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 278 Passive Solar Space Heat Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 278) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Alternative Energy and Energy Conservation Patent Exemption (Corporate) (Massachusetts) Industry Recruitment/Support Massachusetts Commercial Biomass Fuel Cells Geothermal Electric Ground Source Heat Pumps Hydroelectric energy Municipal Solid Waste Passive Solar Space Heat Photovoltaics Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat Wind energy Yes Alternative Energy and Energy Conservation Patent Exemption (Personal) (Massachusetts) Industry Recruitment/Support Massachusetts General Public/Consumer Biomass

284

Development of a passive soil gas flux sampler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEVELOPMENT OF A PASSIVE SOIL GAS FLUX SAMPLER A Thesis by BRIAN C. McQUOWN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991... Major Subject: Civil Engineering DEVELOPMENT OF A PASSIVE SOIL GAS FLUX SAMPLER A Thesis by BRIAN C. McQUOWN Approved as to style and content by: Stuart A. a terman (Co-chair of Committee) Andrew . cFa land (Member) Bill Batchelor (Co...

McQuown, Brian C

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

285

Passive-solar-retrofit study for the United States Navy  

SciTech Connect

A passive solar retrofit study has been conducted for the United States Navy at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The purpose of the study was to determine the energy savings obtainable in concrete block buildings from several passive solar heating strategies. A procedure involving the use of test cell data and computer simulation was employed to assess the merits of six retrofit options. The six strategies selected were chosen on the basis of providing a series of options that will deliver increasing energy savings at the cost of correspondingly increased levels of commitment.

Wray, W.O.; Miles, C.R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

A passive solar test facility for Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect

A passive solar test facility has been designed for Dammam, Saudi Arabia. It will be located on the campus of King Faisal University, adjacent to the Persian Gulf. This maritime desert climate is terribly sevre, and one for which it is a formidable challenge to design a year around thermally efficient building. This facility incorporates seven different passive strategies: proper orientation, operable shading for windows, flow-through ventilation, externally insulated thermal mass, wind tower with direct evaporative cooling, indirect evaporative cooling through a double shell, and solar water heating. Construction should begin in June of 1983. Upon completion, the building will be monitored for at least two years.

Woods, P.K.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

An investigation on reliable passivation of GaP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reports the results of a study of sputtered Silicon Nitride 3N4) and Anodic Oxide as passivating techniques for Gallium Phosphide. Anodic Oxide was grown on GaP by anodizing the semiconductor in 30% hydrogen peroxide. The resulting oxide had an index... reports the results of a study of sputtered Silicon Nitride 3N4) and Anodic Oxide as passivating techniques for Gallium Phosphide. Anodic Oxide was grown on GaP by anodizing the semiconductor in 30% hydrogen peroxide. The resulting oxide had an index...

Greaves King, Carlos A.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

288

Acoustic radiation due to surface wave breaking.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While wave breaking is continually occurring at the sea surface its transient and sporadic nature makes it difficult to measure. Experimental results are presented that show how acoustic methods can be used as a remote sensor of this fundamental process. Sea surface?generated acoustic radiation (40 to 4000 Hz) is directly related to a quantitative measure of the boundary dynamics; i.e. the Toba variable. The frequency spectrum of the radiation remains remarkably unchanged over a wide range of environmental conditions but the correlation between the sound pressure level and the Toba variable undergoes an abrupt change when spilling breakers start to occur. Results support the use of acoustics to remotely measure the rate of energy being dissipated by wave breaking and the wavelength of the dominant gravity wave component. Theoretical studies have related the field measurements to analytical and laboratory results cited in the literature indicating that remote monitoring of the rate of occurrence and size distribution of ‘‘infant’’ (freshly entrained) bubbles may be possible if splashes on the surface do not radiate significant sound. Signal processing algorithms for the remote measurements discussed above are enhanced by eigenstructure analysis of the measured cross?spectral density matrix. [Work sponsored by ONR and NUSC.

Robert M. Kennedy; Stewart A. L. Glegg

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Air transducers with high acoustic impedance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High?Z air transducers evolved from several industrial transducers. These predecessors include (a) acoustic emission and angle?beam NDT contact transducers; (b) flowmeter transducers for high?pressure methane hot refinery gases and corrosive flare gases; and (c) transducer arrays for monitoring hot corrosive gases flowing at Mach 0.1 in smokestacks of ?3–13 m. This peculiar ancestry accounts for their unusual high?acoustic?impedance construction. By not employing low?Z air?backed radiating membranes transducer bandwidth response time and sensitivity are sacrificed. The solid robust construction however offers some compensating features: tolerance to wide ranges in pressure and temperature including rapid rates of change (thermal shock depressurization); corrosion resistance; operable with standard lab equipment without bias voltage; mounting options where the transducer forms part of the pressure boundary or where it is outside the pressure boundary. Clamp?on air flow applications at one bar include small wind tunnels and plastic pipes. Acoustically isolated pairs measure secondary flow components (crossflow circulation) in a plane perpendicular to the pipe axis. Flow applications include gases such as air mild steam (pending) or other hot pressurized or corrosive fluids. Air?coupled measurements of transmission characteristics of wood or other low?density solids and air?ranging are readily demonstrated with the low?Z transducers.

Lawrence C. Lynnworth

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Acoustical renovation of portable classrooms for cochlear implanted pupils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Anticipating increased enrollment of children with cochlear implants the Riverside County Office of Education undertook the acoustical renovation of two portable classrooms in California’s Riverside County: Wildomar Elementary School in Wildomar and Katherine Finchy Elementary School in Palm Springs. The aim was to improve the acoustical environment to make the classrooms suitable for pupils with severe hearing disabilities (reduce noise and reverberation). Lacking an acoustical standard specific for cochlear implanted pupils the acoustical goals chosen were those of the ANSI acoustical standard S12.60?2002. Key changes were intended to reduce interior noise from HVAC and improve the facade insulation to reduce exterior noise intrusion. The resulting acoustical improvements are documented. Costs and lessons learned are discussed.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Electret Acoustic Transducer Array For Computerized Ultrasound Risk Evaluation System  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electret-based acoustic transducer array is provided and may be used in a system for examining tissue. The acoustic transducer array is formed with a substrate that has a multiple distinct cells formed therein. Within each of the distinct cells is positioned an acoustic transducing element formed of an electret material. A conductive membrane is formed over the distinct cells and may be flexible.

Moore, Thomas L. (Livermore, CA); Fisher, Karl A. (Brentwood, CA)

2005-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

292

Penn State's graduate program in acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The posters will present a comprehensive overview of the graduate program in acoustics at Penn State. In part the posters will contain the following: (1) descriptions of the acoustics and related courses offered; (2) examples of the facilities available and the research being conducted; (3) listings of graduate theses completed and in progress; (4) information on special extended education programs—telecommunication and summer—leading to a master's degree in acoustics.

Alan D. Stuart

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Spectral-element numerical modeling for acoustic and elastic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

problems: many oil fields are located offshore (deep offshore, or shallower). · Anisotropic rocks dispersive surface waves. Oil industry applications Offshore In foothill regions #12;Ocean acoustics

294

COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC AND ELECTRICAL IMAGE LOGS FROM THE COSO...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to permeability in the reservoir. Acoustic image logs reveal a similar natural fracture population, but generally image slightly fewer fractures, and do not reveal rock...

295

A new method to measure the acoustic surface impedance outdoors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Comparative Study Evaluation Studies Journal Article Validation Studies | Acoustics Algorithms Automobiles Construction Materials analysis Electric Impedance Materials Testing methods Models, Theoretical Noise, Transportation Radiation Monitoring......

S. Carpinello; Ph. L'Hermite; M. Bérengier; G. Licitra

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Acoustic scattering by axisymmertic finite-length bodies with application to fish : measurement and modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the complexities of acoustic scattering by finite bodies in general and by fish in particular through the development of an advanced acoustic scattering model and detailed laboratory acoustic ...

Reeder, D. Benjamin (Davis Benjamin), 1966-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic measurements Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2008 NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-429 Summary: by the acoustics team (Table 9, Fig. 19). Acoustic detection distances were not measured for this group. P. electra... NMFS ACOUSTIC STUDIES...

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustical measurements Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2008 NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-429 Summary: by the acoustics team (Table 9, Fig. 19). Acoustic detection distances were not measured for this group. P. electra... NMFS ACOUSTIC STUDIES...

299

Acoustic energy radiated by nonlinear spherical oscillations of strongly driven bubbles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...considerations of surface stability. With the quasi-acoustic...acoustic energies of bubbles driven at 23.5kHz...universal boundary of bubble stability at the upper threshold...harmonic modes on bubble levitation, stability and SLJ. Acoust...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Catalyst Design for Urea-less Passive Ammonia SCR Lean-Burn SIDI...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Design for Urea-less Passive Ammonia SCR Lean-Burn SIDI Aftertreatment System Catalyst Design for Urea-less Passive Ammonia SCR Lean-Burn SIDI Aftertreatment System Lean-burn SIDI...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The accuracy of three passive dosimeters as compared to charcoal tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Passive monitors have become increasingly popular for monitoring airborne contaminants because they are lightweight, inexpensive, and easy to use. A passive or diffusive sampler is a device which is capable of taking samples of gas or vapor...

Junco, Lynnea Goodley

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

302

Dual port temperature sensor tag for passive UHF RFID systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dual port temperature sensor tag for passive UHF RFID systems J. Virtanen Rauma Research Unit and to simplify the measurement procedure. Design/methodology/approach ­ The sensor tag is based on a dual port sensing concept in which two ports are used to obtain sensor readings. By utilizing two ports instead

Elsherbeni, Atef Z.

303

Force and Stiffness of Passive Magnetic Bearings Using Permanent Magnets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Force and Stiffness of Passive Magnetic Bearings Using Permanent Magnets. Part 2 : Radial Magnetization R. Ravaud, G. Lemarquand, V. Lemarquand Abstract This paper deals with the calculation of the force and the stiffness between two ring permanent magnets whose polarization is radial

Boyer, Edmond

304

Experimental Comparison of Robotics Locomotion with Passive Tether and Active  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that results from the effect of water hammer. It also reduces the friction of the tether by the jerks from the water hammer effect. In this paper, we duplicate the active tethered system and test the performance of locomotion. Keywords: active tethered system, passive tethered system, water hammer effect I. INTRODUCTION

Voyles, Richard

305

Simple procedure for schematic design of passive solar buildings  

SciTech Connect

A simple procedure for use during the schematic phase of passive solar building design is presented in this article. The procedure is quantitative and accurate enough to insure that designs based on the provided starting point values of the primary building parameters will be cost effective.

Wray, W.O.; Kosiewicz, C.E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Particle Sizing using Passive Ultrasonic Measurement of Vessel Wall Vibrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle Sizing using Passive Ultrasonic Measurement of Vessel Wall Vibrations Gillian Carson for particle sizing using an ultrasonic transducer to measure vessel wall vibrations and 1 #12;considers in a stirred vessel, its subse- quent impact with the vessel wall, and the resulting flexural vibrations

Mottram, Nigel

307

Passive detection of vehicle loading Troy R. McKaya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Passive detection of vehicle loading Troy R. McKaya , Carl Salvaggioa , Jason W. Faulringa , Philip-scale vehicle tests. The sensing system includes; infrared video cameras, triaxial accelerometers, microphones for characterizing the weight of a vehicle. The final sensing system will monitor multiple load indicators

Salvaggio, Carl

308

Theory of passive harmonic mode-locking using waveguide arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

laser," Opt. Lett. 23, 123-125 (1998). 3. M. E. Fermann and J. D. Minelly, "Cladding-pumped passive theoretical treatment is given of the phe- nomenon of harmonic mode-locking in a laser cavity mode Optical Society of America OCIS codes: (140.4050) Mode-locked lasers; (060.5530) Pulse propagation

309

Utilizing Passive Ventilation to Complement HVAC Systems in Enclosed Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilizing Passive Ventilation to Complement HVAC Systems in Enclosed Buildings Tom Rogg REU Student to assist HVAC has the potential to significantly reduce life cycle cost and energy consumption and electrical system that will tie thermostats to controlled valves in the actual HVAC system. Based on results

Mountziaris, T. J.

310

Hood River Passive House, Hood River, Oregon (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to "reduce home energy use by 30%-50%" (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project. The design includes high R-Value assemblies, extremely tight construction, high performance doors and windows, solar thermal DHW, heat recovery ventilation, moveable external shutters and a high performance ductless mini-split heat pump. Cost analysis indicates that many of the measures implemented in this project did not meet the BA standard for cost neutrality. The ductless mini-split heat pump, lighting and advanced air leakage control were the most cost effective measures. The future challenge will be to value engineer the performance levels indicated here in modeling using production based practices at a significantly lower cost.

Not Available

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Natural circulating passive cooling system for nuclear reactor containment structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive cooling system for the contaminant structure of a nuclear reactor plant providing protection against overpressure within the containment attributable to inadvertent leakage or rupture of the system components. The cooling system utilizes natural convection for transferring heat imbalances and enables the discharge of irradiation free thermal energy to the atmosphere for heat disposal from the system.

Gou, Perng-Fei (Saratoga, CA); Wade, Gentry E. (Saratoga, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Passive Network-Awareness for Dynamic Resource-Constrained Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a framework for defining passively sensed context through network overhearing, defining context metrics metrics and evaluate the quality with which they can re- flect ground truth using simulation. We also.g., in reminder applications [6]) and even weather conditions (e.g., in applications for automated field note

Julien, Christine

313

Massachusetts multi-family passive solar housing program  

SciTech Connect

A unique combination of Federal, State, and Local resources and initiative is producing energy-efficient/passive solar elderly housing in Massachusetts. The program, developed at and managed by the Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy Resources, is using $2.5 million of state energy bonding authority to finance incremental costs of energy conservation and passive solar features in state-financed local housing projects. The design and technical assistance, incremental cost estimating, and public outreach portions of the program have been made possible under a grant from the US Department of Energy (through NESEC) as part of the Solar Cities Program. The program includes both new projects and retrofits, with building types ranging from mid-rise, high density urban structures to two-story suburban townhouses. Seventeen project, including over 400 passive solar units, are in working drawings or out to bid and more are in concept development. It is anticipated that present funding will ultimately permit construction of as many as 800 passive solar heated apartments. On the average, these projects will use only 25% of the energy required to heat a similar building of conventional design.

Rouse, R.E.; Shannon, R.F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Passive cooling system for nuclear reactor containment structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive cooling system for the contaminant structure of a nuclear reactor plant providing protection against overpressure within the containment attributable to inadvertent leakage or rupture of the system components. The cooling system utilizes natural convection for transferring heat imbalances and enables the discharge of irradiation free thermal energy to the atmosphere for heat disposal from the system.

Gou, Perng-Fei (Saratoga, CA); Wade, Gentry E. (Saratoga, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Violating privacy through walls by passive monitoring of radio windows  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the ability of an attacker to passively use an otherwise secure wireless network to detect moving people through walls. We call this attack on privacy of people a "monitoring radio windows" (MRW) attack. We design and implement the MRW ... Keywords: line crossing, radio window, signal strength, wifi

Arijit Banerjee; Dustin Maas; Maurizio Bocca; Neal Patwari; Sneha Kasera

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Light-Induced Passivation of Si by Iodine Ethanol Solution: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

We report on our observations of light-activated passivation of silicon surfaces by iodine-ethanol solution.

Sopori, B.; Rupnowski, P.; Appel, J.; Guhaabiswas, D.; Anderson-Jackson, L.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

THE PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN PROCESS FOR A SMALL OFFICE/LABORATORY BUILDING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and underground thermal storage), the passive solar redesignCollec- tion, storage, and distribution of solar energy in

Andersson, Brandt

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Passive Imaging of Warhead-Like Configurations Using Cosmic-Ray Muons  

SciTech Connect

Cosmic-Muon-Based Interrogation has untapped potential for national security. This presentation describes muons-based passive interrogation techniques.

Schwellenbach, D.

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

319

US Department of Energy passive and hybrid solar energy program update  

SciTech Connect

Eighty-five papers were title listed in these proceedings. Each paper describes a project in one of the following areas: design and analysis tools and performance monitoring for residential buildings; manufactured housing; materials and components for passive and hybrid solar buildings; commercial buildings; urban, multifamily and retrofit passive solar buildings; and advanced passive research and development. Also included is an index of passive and hybrid solar contractors. (LEW)

Not Available

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplitude acoustic wave Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geosciences 15 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

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321

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves moving Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering 14 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave gas Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics 19 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

323

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave induced Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mathematics 9 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

324

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves generated Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sciences 17 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

325

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave detector Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics 3 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

326

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave actuated Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plasma actuator, flow control, acoustic control, airframe noise 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background... applications. Section 3 reviews some applications related to aero-acoustics,...

327

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic cavitation bubble Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics 62 Acoustic saturation in bubbly cavitating flow adjacent to an oscillating wall T. Colonius,a) Summary: Acoustic saturation in bubbly cavitating flow...

328

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic measuring instruments Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

text... III Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA) ... Source: Smith III, Julius Orion - Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Stanford...

329

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative proposal acoustic Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

'acoustique 1990 APPLICATION OF FAST HARTLEY TRANSFORM TO ACOUSTIC INTENSITY MEASUREMENT W.S. GAN Acoustical... Services (1989)Pte Ltd, 29 Telok Ayer Street, Singapore 0104....

330

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic resonance determination Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Mathematics 31 Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Summary: Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Executive Overview: Scientists at Los Alamos National......

331

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic linear acoustics Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Shallow Water '06 experiment are analyzed. Acoustic, environmental, and on-board ship radar... packet passed through the acoustic track. Preliminary analysis of the ......

332

Acoustical and Noise Control Criteria and Guidelines for Building Design and Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Noise, vibration and acoustical design, construction, commissioning and operation practices influence building cost, efficiency, performance and effectiveness. Parameters for structural vibration, building systems noise, acoustics and environmental...

Evans, J. B.; Himmel, C. N.

333

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic cardiographic assessment Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ACOUSTICS: RESULTS OF AN EXPERIMENTAL LABORATORY INVESTIGATION Summary: wrightii. A one-dimensional acoustic resonator technique was used to assess the biomass and effective......

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic heating Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Engineering 46 Ocean Climate Change: Comparison of Acoustic Summary: Consortium Comparisons of gyre-scale acoustic and direct thermal measurements of heat...

335

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic testing Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OCEAN Summary: A COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC THERMOMETRY, XBT, TOPEX, AND HOT OBSERVATIONS OF OCEAN TEMPERATURE... @apl.washington.edu) Abstract - Acoustic thermometry offers naturally...

336

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustical testing laboratory Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering 10 A COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC THERMOMETRY, XBT, TOPEX, AND HOT OBSERVATIONS OF OCEAN TEMPERATURE IN THE NORTHEAST PACIFIC OCEAN Summary: A COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC...

337

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave integrated Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

93 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

338

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave total Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

98 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

339

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic gravity waves Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

45 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

340

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave sensing Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

62 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic tiltedti media Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Follow geometry and physical properties of a desired acoustic system Efficient Source: Smith III, Julius Orion - Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Stanford...

342

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic propagation experiment Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of perceptual measurements Statistics for acoustics experiments Acoustics of porous media . The second... of Waveguides: Wave propagation in a guide Mode matching ...

343

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic neurinoma presenting Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grant Collection: Engineering 20 Wave Gliders for Acoustic Applications Asst. Prof. Brian Bingham Summary: the design of a vehicle with integrated acoustic communication and...

344

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustics Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Geosciences 24 Wave Gliders for Acoustic Applications Asst. Prof. Brian Bingham Summary: Wave Gliders for Acoustic Applications Asst. Prof. Brian Bingham...

345

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic transfer functions Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 3 The Acoustic Oceanographic Buoy A Light Acoustic Data Acquisition System Summary: : The AOB functionality allows for the...

346

MEMBRANE FUNCTION, Part 2. Passive Movement: Diffusion, Osmosis, and Gibbs-Donnan Equilibrium 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as ion gradients or sunlight. I. Passive transport Passive transport is diffusion through a membrane of the membrane. This movement is entirely by the process of diffusion (to be covered below) · ions and polar. Mechanisms of Membrane Transport There are two general modes of transport across membranes: passive transport

Prestwich, Ken

347

Integrated Design of Simulation Models for Passive Houses Petr Novak, Radek Sindelar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Design of Simulation Models for Passive Houses Petr Nov´ak, Radek Sindel´ar Christian. The use-case shows that the design of simulation models for passive houses can be user-friendly and feasible even for non-experts as it is based on a graphical tool that enables to draw a passive house floor

348

An overview of acoustic?structural interactions: Vibration and acoustic radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structural vibration and the resulting acoustic radiation is a fully decoupled problem in a gas and a fully coupled problem in a fluid. The fluid?structure interaction problem encompasses a broad spectrum of areas of interest in engineering applications. This ranges from mechanically existed structures (acoustic radiation) to acoustically induced vibrations (elasticscattering) to hydrodynamically applied forces (flow noise). The coupled fluid?structure interaction for each of these problems is essentially the same; the difference lies in the manner utilized in applying the prescribed forcing function to the structure in satisfying the interfaceboundary condition and in analyzing the radiated acoustic field. The common link relating these problems is the fact that the same governing equations for the fluid and the structure are applicable in each of these areas. This commonality between the diverse fluid?structure interactions will be stressed. The different techniques being used to solve the problems for each of the three types of problems will be presented and a brief review of the state of the art will be given.

Mauro Pierucci

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

History of structural acoustics and vibrations in the Acoustical Society of America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural acoustics refers to the interaction of sound and structures—the response of structures to sound the radiation of sound from vibrating structures and the effect of the acoustic medium on the structural vibrations. Interest in these subjects increased greatly during the 1930s and 40s because of practical applications in the design of microphones and loud speakers used in telephones radios and electronic phonographs. The combination of electrical and mechanical systems lead to the use of electrical engineering concepts such as impedance circuits and electrical analogies in the analysis of mechanical systems. In later years much of the work dealt with various aspects of underwater structures prompted by U.S. Navy interests. The field which began with classical analytical mechanics applications has progressed to new approaches including statistical energy analysis near?field acoustical holography fuzzy structures active control of vibrations and smart materials. In recognition of these new developments the name of the technical committee was changed in 1987 from ‘‘Shock and Vibration’’ to ‘‘Structural Acoustics and Vibration.’’

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Acoustics of Buildings: including Acoustics of Auditoriums and Sound-proofing of Rooms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE acoustics of buildings is a subject which has always possessed importance, but with the increasing size of ... is a subject which has always possessed importance, but with the increasing size of public buildings and the congestion of our urban populations, it has assumed much greater importance in ...

1924-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

351

Sound Science: Taking Action with Acoustics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

From tin whistles to sonic booms, sound waves interact with each other and with the medium through which they travel. By observing these interactions, we can identify substances that are hidden in sealed containers and obtain images of buried objects. By manipulating the ability of sound to push matter around, we can create novel structures and unique materials. Join the Lab's own sound hound, Dipen Sinha, as he describes how he uses fundamental research in acoustics for solving problems in industry, security and health.

Sinha, Dipen

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

352

Montana State University Proprietary 1 Summary of Gun Shot Acoustics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Montana State University Proprietary 1 Summary of Gun Shot Acoustics Robert C. Maher, Montana State University 4 April 2006 Audio recordings of gun shots can provide information about the gun location interpreting such recordings arises from reverberation (overlapping acoustic signal reflections) due to the gun

Maher, Robert C.

353

Quantitative Photo-Acoustic Imaging of Small Absorbers Habib Ammari  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative Photo-Acoustic Imaging of Small Absorbers Habib Ammari Emmanuel Bossy Vincent Jugnon Hyeonbae Kang§ December 1, 2009 Abstract In photo-acoustic imaging, energy absorption causes thermo absorber from the absorbed density. AMS subject classifications. 31B20, 35B37,35L05 Key words. photo

Kang, Hyeonbae

354

Acoustic emission monitoring of HFIR vessel during hydrostatic testing  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the results and conclusions reached from applying acoustic emission monitoring to surveillance of the High Flux Isotope Reactor vessel during pressure testing. The objective of the monitoring was to detect crack growth and/or fluid leakage should it occur during the pressure test. The report addresses the approach, acoustic emission instrumentation, installation, calibration, and test results.

Friesel, M.A.; Dawson, J.F.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Measuring the Kuroshio Current with ocean acoustic tomography Naokazu Taniguchia)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measuring the Kuroshio Current with ocean acoustic tomography Naokazu Taniguchia) Graduate School 29 April 2013) Ocean current profiling using ocean acoustic tomography (OAT) was conducted proportional to temperature) and current in the ocean (Munk et al., 1995). Other than coastal sea studies (e

Frandsen, Jannette B.

356

Characterizing Ocean Turbulence from Argo, Acoustic Doppler, and Simulation Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. TurbSim models statistics at the height of a turbine hub (5m) well, but do not model coherent eventsCharacterizing Ocean Turbulence from Argo, Acoustic Doppler, and Simulation Data Katherine Mc Ocean Turbulence from Argo, Acoustic Doppler, and Simulation Data written by Katherine McCaffrey has

Fox-Kemper, Baylor

357

Acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Wells Acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging...lesions. Acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging...properties of soft tissue. In Handbook of elastic properties of solids...W. , Trahey, G. 1995 A fundamental limit on delay estimation using...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

A new concept of ocean acoustic tomography Lionel CROS(1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a synthetic signal in ship noise with the con- straint to have an accurate estimation of the channel: discreet acoustic tomography, estimation, detection, optimization, performance analysis. R´ESUM´E COURT: La disc`ete, estimation, d´etection, optimisation, analyse de perfor- mance. 1 INTRODUCTION Ocean acoustic

Boyer, Edmond

359

An Advanced Channel Framework for Improved Underwater Acoustic Network Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as pollution, climate change and severe weather events is rapidly increasing. At the same time, as ocean underwater sensors, vehicles and devices together using acoustic communication. Network protocol development operation. However, acoustic communication performance is dynamic and dependent upon the environment

Zhou, Shengli

360

Trapping and Frequency Variability in Electron Acoustic Waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trapping and Frequency Variability in Electron Acoustic Waves C.F. Driscoll, F. Anderegg, D 92093 USA Abstract. Electron Acoustic Waves (EAWs) with a phase velocity less than twice the plasma Langmuir waves, and at large excitations resonance is observed over a broad range. Laser Induced

California at San Diego, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A decade of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A decade of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean B. D. Dushaw,1 P. F. Worcester,2 W. H of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C07021, doi:10.1029/2008JC005124. 1 of basin-scale heat content in the northeast Pacific Ocean were made using a broadband 133-Hz source

Frandsen, Jannette B.

362

Environmental assessment of offshore wind power generation near Rhode Island: Acoustic and electromagnetic effects on marine animals.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An offshore wind farm is planned for Rhode Island coastal waters. The developer has proposed to deploy wind turbines in two stages: 5 turbines in shallow waters 5 km south of Block Island and 100 turbines in deeper waters 30 km to the east. As part of the planning of the proposed offshore wind powergeneration project under the Rhode Island Special Area Management Plan ambient acoustic and electromagneticmeasurements were made in the area. Two passive acoustic listener (PAL) systems were deployed within 4 km of Block Island from October 6 to November 11 2008. Data from the PALs were used to compute the ocean acousticnoise budget and other statistics by source. Transmission loss measurements were also made to support the noise budget calculation. Measurements of airborne noise from a 1.5?MW land?based wind turbine already in operation in Rhode Island were made. To support the electromagneticeffect study an underwater magnetometer was towed at the two proposed sites and over an operational underwater 23?kV power cable. A preliminary assessment of the effects of the offshore wind farm on marine animals at these sites will be presented. [Funding provided by the RI Office of Energy Resources.

James H. Miller; Gopu R. Potty; Kathleen Vigness Raposa; David Casagrande; Lisa Miller; Steven E. Crocker; Robert Tyce; Jonathan Preston; Brian Roderick; Jeffrey A. Nystuen; Peter M. Scheifele

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Solel och solvärme ur LCC-perspektiv för ett passiv-flerbostadshus; PV and solar thermal for a multiple dwelling passive house under a LCC-perspective.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This master’s degree project concerns the combination of a multi dwelling passive house with solar energy for the generation of electricity and domestic hot… (more)

Böhme Florén, Simon

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Fractured-Bedrock Aquifer Investigations Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Fractured-Bedrock Aquifer Investigations Abstract Imaging with acoustic and optical televiewers results in continuous and oriented 360 degree views of the borehole wall from which the character and orientation of lithologic and structural features can be defined for fractured-bedrock aquifer investigations. Fractures are more clearly defined under a wider range of conditions on acoustic images than on optical images including dark-colored rocks, cloudy borehole water, and coated borehole walls. However, optical images allow for the direct viewing

365

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: AcousticCalc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AcousticCalc AcousticCalc Developed over the last decade, AcousticCalc helps designers predict sound levels at the room level from a distant sound source. The program uses the ASHRAE Handbook and ASHRAE's 1991 Algorithms for HVAC Acoustics handbook methods with the "Source-Path-Receiver" model. This easy-to-use Windows-based program allows a user to define and save unlimited number of sound sources, save and define unlimited number of sound "paths" (composed of long list of possible duct component types) and model the ceiling effect and three different models for room effect. AcousticCalc allows a user to import and export (share) sound sources, user-defined devices, terminal units, and duct silencers with other users. Easy-to-navigate "tree" modeling allows an unlimited number of sound

366

Generation of Sound Bullets with a Nonlinear Acoustic Lens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acoustic lenses are employed in a variety of applications, from biomedical imaging and surgery, to defense systems, but their performance is limited by their linear operational envelope and complexity. Here we show a dramatic focusing effect and the generation of large amplitude, compact acoustic pulses (sound bullets) in solid and fluid media, enabled by a tunable, highly nonlinear acoustic lens. The lens consists of ordered arrays of granular chains. The amplitude, size and location of the sound bullets can be controlled by varying static pre-compression on the chains. We support our findings with theory, numerical simulations, and corroborate the results experimentally with photoelasticity measurements. Our nonlinear lens makes possible a qualitatively new way of generating high-energy acoustic pulses, enabling, for example, surgical control of acoustic energy.

Alessandro Spadoni; Chiara Daraio

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

367

HADES - Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) is located in the upper part of the optical neutrino observatory IceCube, currently under construction. SPATS consists of four strings at depths between 80 m and 500 m below the surface of the ice with seven stages per string. Each stage is equipped with an acoustic sensor and a transmitter. Three strings (string A-C) were deployed in the austral summer 2006/07. SPATS was extended by a fourth string (string D) with second generation sensors and transmitters in 2007/08. One second generation sensor type HADES (Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole) consists of a ring-shaped piezo-electric element coated with polyurethane. The development of the sensor, optimization of acoustic transmission by acoustic impedance matching and first in-situ results will be discussed.

Semburg, Benjamin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

HADES - Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) is located in the upper part of the optical neutrino observatory IceCube, currently under construction. SPATS consists of four strings at depths between 80 m and 500 m below the surface of the ice with seven stages per string. Each stage is equipped with an acoustic sensor and a transmitter. Three strings (string A-C) were deployed in the austral summer 2006/07. SPATS was extended by a fourth string (string D) with second generation sensors and transmitters in 2007/08. One second generation sensor type HADES (Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole) consists of a ring-shaped piezo-electric element coated with polyurethane. The development of the sensor, optimization of acoustic transmission by acoustic impedance matching and first in-situ results will be discussed.

Benjamin Semburg; for the IceCube Collaboration

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

369

Surface passivation and orientation dependence in the electronic properties of silicon nanowires  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various surface passivations for silicon nanowires have previously been investigated to extend their stability and utility. However, the fundamental mechanisms by which such passivations alter the electronic properties of silicon nanowires have not been clearly understood thus far. In this work, we address this issue through first-principles calculations on fluorine, methyl and hydrogen passivated [110] and [111] silicon nanowires. Comparing these results, we explain how passivations may alter the electronic structure through quantum confinement and strain and demonstrate how silicon nanowires may be modelled by an infinite circular quantum well. We also discuss why [110] nanowires are more strongly influenced by their surface passivation than [111] nanowires.

Keenan Zhuo; Mei-Yin Chou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Alan D. Zdunek and David Prine BIRL Industrial Research, Evanston, IL 60201 Paper No. 547 presented at CORROSION95, the NACE International Annual Conference

371

Acoustic signatures: From natural to systems science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interest in acoustic signatures began with the problem of detecting cracks in railroad wheels. When a wheel is struck with a hammer it produces a sound like that of a bell. If the wheel is cracked it sounds dissonant and muffled. By comparing sounds from the two members of a wheelset a measure of the difference in their mechanical properties is obtained. A fully automatic system was developed and installed on a Southern Pacific track in the 1980’s. The story of this undertaking is an object lesson in systems science. Recently beams have been used as test objects in an attempt to resolve certain basic questions in the science of the acoustic monitoring method. These questions will be illustrated with results from a test fixture with various beams. The limitation of the vibration monitoring method is that other conditions such as uncertainties in the geometry of the test object its surface conditions and loading can also affect the vibration response and it is necessary to distinguish the effects due to harmful conditions from those due to harmless ones. The sensitivity of the method is thus determined by the need to make this distinction. [Work supported by NSF Grant No. MSS?9024224.

Robert D. Finch; Ben H. Jansen

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Acoustic emission before avalanches in granular media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Avalanches of granular media are mainly characterized by the observation and the measurement of the main angles of avalanche corresponding first to the movement of isolated beads and to the whole movement of a great part of the grains. These characterisations do not give any information about the rearrangements of the grains inside the layer of granular beads. As any movement of a grain produces a deformation of the structure it is quite normal to expect for a sound that will propagate inside the granular medium. We present an experimental study of the precursors of avalanches on spherical granular glass beads and silica aerogels in powder (size of grains less than 80 micrometers). Acoustic emission has been recorded with two piezoelectric transducers placed on the lower part of the material layer. Our results show clearly that before any movement on the upper part of the beads layer so for an angle less than the first angle of avalanche movements inside the material produce pulsed sounds that can be recorded. Theses vibrating events are occurring more and more when the angle is increasing until the first angle of avalanche where acoustic emission becomes intense.

Vincent Gibiat; Eric Plazza; Pierre De Guibert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Acoustic and seismic measurement of ice processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As sea ice responds to environmental forcing it deforms leading to the storage of strain energy. When mechanical failure occurs most of this energy is dissipated through fracturing but a small portion radiates as seismic and acoustic waves. These waves provide useful signals for sensing the failure process in the ice. In a recent ice mechanics experiment conducted north of Prudhoe Bay (SIMI ’94) a large number of ice failure events were observed using geophone and hydrophone arrays. Preliminary results are presented including a large?scale tensile fracture test and naturally occurring sounds near a closing lead. For the artificial fracture the acoustic signals allow determination of cracking rate fracture advance and crack propagation velocities. The overall crack propagation speed is estimated to be of order 50 m?s?1; maximum cracking activities occur prior to peak loading. In the second data set the naturally occurring stick?slip process was observed as two ice sheets moved against each other in a closing lead. A wide range of frequencies can occur simultaneously representing different components of the sliding and slipping mechanisms.

David M. Farmer; Yunbo Xie

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Geographically distributed acoustical monitoring of migrating birds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A geographically distributed system of largely automated acoustical monitoring stations was developed to monitor the migration of small passerine birds. The targeted species wood warblers and sparrows migrate at night and produce short (about 120 ms at the longest) high?pitched (between roughly 6 and 10 kHz) calls as they fly often audible from the ground. The monitoring system consisted of ten stations located in New Jersey Maryland Pennsylvania and New York and a central data repository located at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Each station comprised an outdoor weatherproof microphone connected to a volunteer’s home computer. The computer automatically ran acoustic transient detection software each night that listened continuously to the microphone signal and extracted all transients matching certain criteria each to its own audio file. The detected transients were uploaded by the volunteer each morning via the Internet to the central repository for classification and archival. Results including spectrograms of all detected transients and bird call counts were displayed on a public web site updated daily. [Work supported by EPA.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Improved efficiency of an acoustic parametric source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the customary design of an acoustic parametric source a primary signal consisting of two high–frequency wave components is projected into the water. Because of the inherent nonlinearity of acoustic propagation the two primary components mix to form a wave at the difference frequency. This paper describes how one can increase the parametric conversion of energy into the difference–frequency beam through the use of primary signals other than the two–component signal described above. For example another primary signal one might use consists of a sinusoidal carrier wave undergoing amplitude modulation. Use of such an AM primary signal with 100% modulation leads to a predicted difference–frequency pressure amplitude that is 2.5 dB greater than the corresponding amplitude obtained with a two–component primary signal of the same total input power. This prediction shows approximate agreement with a measured increase of 2.1 dB. For a primary signal consisting of N components theory predicts an increase in difference–frequency level that approaches 6 dB as an upper limit.

Anthony I. Eller

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Helioseismology in a bottle: modal acoustic velocimetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement of the differential rotation of the Sun's interior is one of the great achievements of helioseismology, providing important constraints for stellar physics. The technique relies on observing and analyzing rotationally-induced splittings of p-modes in the star. Here we demonstrate the first use of the technique in a laboratory setting. We apply it in a spherical cavity with a spinning central core (spherical-Couette flow) to determine the mean azimuthal velocity of the air filling the cavity. We excite a number of acoustic resonances (analogous to p-modes in the Sun) using a speaker and record the response with an array of small microphones on the outer sphere. Many observed acoustic modes show rotationally-induced splittings, which allow us to perform an inversion to determine the air's azimuthal velocity as a function of both radius and latitude. We validate the method by comparing the velocity field obtained through inversion against the velocity profile measured with a calibrated hot film anemo...

Triana, Santiago Andrés; Nataf, Henri-Claude; Thorette, Aurélien; Lekic, Vedran; Lathrop, Daniel P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Active charge/passive discharge solar heating systems: thermal analysis  

SciTech Connect

The performance of active charge/passive discharge solar space-heating systems is analyzed. This type of system combines liquid-cooled solar collector panels with a massive integral storage component that passively heats the building interior by radiation and free convection. The TRNSYS simulation program is used to evaluate system performance and to provide input for the development of a simplified analysis method. This method, which provides monthly calculations of delivered solar energy, is based on Klein's Phi-bar procedure and data from hourly TRNSYS simulations. The method can be applied to systems using a floor slab, a structural wall, or a water tank as the storage component. Important design parameters include collector area and orientation, building heat loss, collector and heat-exchanger efficiencies, storage capacity, and storage to room coupling.

Swisher, J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Chapter 5 - Passive Utilization of Solar Energy in a Building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter presents different passive solar technologies applied in buildings with a focus on technologies suitable for high-latitude countries. Direct and indirect solar gain systems are presented and described in detail. Examples of traditional and modern passive solar solutions are analyzed. Special attention is given to buffer spaces and different glazing technologies; their application depending on climatic conditions is analyzed, and some recommendations are given. Implementation of transparent insulation (TI) in the building envelope is considered. TI is transparent for solar radiation and is characterized by relatively high thermal resistance. Some examples of TI practical applications are presented, including their use for daylighting purposes. The idea of integrating phase-change materials (PCMs) into building structures is considered. Their storage role, high heat capacity, as well as cooling and heating functions are explained. Different forms of PCM integration technologies are presented.

Dorota Chwieduk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

A statistical analysis of passive solar superinsulated homes in Minnesota  

SciTech Connect

This study analyzed the space heat performance of 46 passive solar superinsulated homes whose construction was financed by the Minnesota Housing Finance Agency (MHFA). heat gain and loss calculations were used to predict the auxiliary heating energy required by the houses. These calculations were adjusted for actual weather conditions, thermostat settings and other variables during the 1981-1982 heating season. The sample was divided into two sub-samples, one containing houses with ratios of south glass area relative to floor area of 8.5% or larger, and a second with smaller ratios of south glass area to floor area. The results suggest that houses with larger south glass area relative to floor area may not perform as predicted. These houses appeared to have more heat loss than heat gain associated with the south windows. In the houses with less south facing glass, the passive solar components appeared to perform as predicted.

Fugerson, M.; Lancaster, R.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Uncertainty reduction requirements in cores designed for passive reactivity shutdown  

SciTech Connect

The first purpose of this paper is to describe the changed focus of neutronics accuracy requirements existing in the current US advanced LMR development program where passive shutdown is a major design goal. The second purpose is to provide the background and rationale which supports the selection of a formal data fitting methodology as the means for the application of critical experiment measurements to meet these accuracy needs. 6 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Wade, D.C.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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381

Inexpensive passive samplers capture POPs data in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Passive air samplers are particularly suitable for capturing POPs data in developing countries because they can operate without electricity and are much less expensive than the high-volume samplers conventionally used to capture POPs data. ... The GAPS data in the ES&T paper are the first to present a “coherent ‘big picture’ of the atmospheric occurrence and distribution of POPs on a global scale,” says Knut Breivik with the Norwegian Institute for Air Research. ...

Kellyn Betts

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

382

Results of the Washington Passive Solar Design/Build Competition  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to encourage the design, construction, and marketing of moderately priced passive solar homes in Washington state, the Western Solar Utilization Network (Western SUN) recently sponsored the Washington Passive Solar Design/Build Competition. The competition drew an overwhelming response from designers and builders throughout Washington. Thermal performance of the designs was evaluated by a technical review committee, and final selections were made by the Competition Jury in accordance with the following criteria: perceived market acceptance, thermal performance, cost effectiveness, simplicity of design and operation, and completeness of the passive concept. Design contract awards totaling $50,000 were made available to winners in four categories, including single and multi-family, new and remodeled residences. In order to receive the award in its entirety, winning design/build teams are required to construct their design by April, 1983. As a result of the competition, a great deal was learned about the attitudes and knowledge of professionals and the general public regarding the use of solar energy in Washington state. Among the points that will be highlighted in this paper are the following: (1) a design/build competition is an effective vehicle for promoting solar energy among professionals in the housing community as well as the general public; (2) passive solar techniques can contribute significantly to the heating and cooling needs of residential housing throughout the state of Washington; (3) there is a great deal of interest and talent among the designers and builders of solar residences in Washington; and (4) follow-up activities, including the promotion of winning designs, the systematic collection of performance data, and identification of the major obstacles confronting designers and builders of solar homes, are critical to the success of the program in achieving both its short-term and long-term goals.

Nylen, N.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

CMR Shuffler System: Passive Mode Calibration and Certification Report  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory has a number of spherical confinement vessels (CVs) remaining from tests involving nuclear materials. These vessels have an inner diameter of 6 feet with 1 to 2 inch thick steel walls. The goal of the Confinement Vessel Disposition (CVD) project is to remove debris and reduce contamination inside the vessels. As debris is removed from the vessels, material will be placed in waste drums. Far-field gamma ray assay will be used to determine when a drum is nearing a {sup 239}Pu equivalent mass of less than 200 g. The drum will then be assayed using a waste drum shuffler operated in passive mode using a neutron coincidence counting method for accountability. This report focuses on the testing and calibration of the CMR waste drum shuffler in passive mode operation. Initial testing was performed to confirm previously accepted measurement parameters. The system was then calibrated using a set of weapons grade Pu (WGPu, {sup 239}Pu > 93%) oxide standards placed inside a 55 gallon drum. The calibration data ranges from Pu mass of 0.5 g to 188.9 g. The CMR waste drum shuffler has been tested and calibrated in passive mode in preparation for safeguards accountability measurements of waste drums containing material removed from CVs for the CVD project.

Frame, Katherine C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gomez, Cipriano D. [Retired CMR-OPS: OPERATIONS; Salazar, William R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mayo, Douglas R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vigil, Georgiana M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Crooks, William J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stange, Sy [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

384

Active/passive behavior of copper in strong sulfuric acid  

SciTech Connect

A combination of thermodynamic analyses and potentiodynamic polarization tests have been used to study the anodic behavior of Cu in strong H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} solutions in the concentration range 1--10 M. The studies were supplemented by chemical analyses of surface films. It was found that concentration-dependent changes in the activity of water played a major role in determining the anodic behavior and relative stability of corrosion product films. The anodic Tafel slope decreased from {approximately} 41 to {approximately} 31 mV with increasing acid concentration. The onset of limiting current and active-passive behaviors at higher potentials was determined by the formation of films of hydrated copper sulfate, CuSO{sub 4} {center_dot} xH{sub 2}O, and not by formation of oxides. Limiting current behavior was observed in 1 M solutions, where the degree of hydration was x = 5. Well-developed passivity occurred in 10 M solutions where x = 1. The results are relevant to industrial electrorefining operations for Cu and indicate that chloride contamination, if present in sufficient amounts, could cause the premature onset of limiting current behavior (anode passivity) during refining.

Tromans, D.; Ahmed, T. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada). Dept. of Metals and Materials Engineering

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Scientific Solutions (TRL 5 6 Component)- Underwater Active Acoustic Monitoring Network for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Scientific Solutions (TRL 5 6 Component) - Underwater Active Acoustic Monitoring Network for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy

386

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves propagating Sample Search...  

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propagating Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acoustic waves propagating...

387

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves propagation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

propagation Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acoustic waves propagation...

388

Assessment of the acoustic effects on marine animals by an offshore wind farm.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As part of the planning for an offshore wind farm in Rhode Island coastal waters an assessment of the potential acoustic effects on the ecosystem is being conducted. The developer has proposed to initially deploy eight 3.6?MW wind turbines within 3 nm of Block Island. Two passive aquatic listener (PAL) systems were deployed south of Block Island from October 6 to November 11 2008. Using data from the PALs ambient noise histograms were computed for this pre?construction phase. The largest sources of noise in the area at low frequencies were found to be from shipping wind rain and biological sources. In addition transmission loss measurements were also made in the region to calibrate a geoacoustic model. Measurements of airborne noise from a 1.5?MW land?based wind turbine already in operation in Rhode Island were made in 1/3?octave bands and near the proposed windfarm site. A preliminary assessment of the effects of the offshore wind farm on marine animals at these sites will be presented. A plan for monitoring the noise field and potential biological effects during construction and operation of the windfarm is presented. [Funding provided by the RI Office of Energy Resources.

James H. Miller; Gopu R. Potty; Kathleen Vigness Raposa; David Casagrande; Lisa A. Miller; Jeffrey A. Nystuen; Peter M. Scheifele

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Assessment of the acoustic effects of offshore wind turbines on the marine ecosystem.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The University of Rhode Island recently completed an assessment of the potential acoustic and other effects of the wind farms on the ecosystem. A developer has proposed to initially construct eight 3.6?MW wind turbines on lattice jacket structures 5 km south of Block Island and approximately 100 turbines in a second stage 20 km east of Block Island. Construction on the first stage is tentatively planned for summer of 2011 and pile driving will be the main source of noise. The main source of operational noise will likely be vibration from the turbine conducted through the lattice jacket structure into the water. Two passive aquatic listener (PAL) systems were deployed 5 km of Block Island from October 6 to November 11 2008. Two more PAL systems were deployed on meteorological buoys one near the first farm and one near the larger farm for 12 months in 2009/2010. Using data from the PALs ambient noise budgets and histograms were computed for this pre?construction phase. The largest sources of noise were found to be shipping wind rain and biological sources. An assessment of the effects of the offshore wind farms will be presented for both the construction and operational phases.?

James H. Miller; Gopu R. Potty; Kathleen Vigness Raposa; David S. Casagrande; Lisa A. Miller; Jeffrey A. Nystuen; Peter M. Scheifele; John Greer Clark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Good classroom acoustics are a good investment for America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Buzz Towne’s idealism sparked ASA’s current activities to improve classroom acoustics including ANSI S12 WG43’s activity to produce an American standard for classroom acoustics. But idealism alone may not suffice to realize the reforms Buzz sought. It will help if advocates can show that good classroom acoustics are a good investment for community and nation. Absent were the resources necessary for serious economic cost?benefit studies some very informal ‘‘back?of?the?envelope’’ engineering estimates were made by acousticians audiologists and material vendors. All assume 20 year life cycles for new and renovated classrooms. In one scenario costs for quiet HVAC and sound absorbing ceilings are shown to be a small fraction of costs for ordinary school construction yielding substandard acoustics. In another scenario costs for quiet classroom HVAC are shown to be small compared to annual operating costs per student. A third scenario shows that a modest but plausible assumed increase in average lifetime earnings generously will repay the initial costs for good acoustics. These scenarios do not consider the economic costs of bad acoustics including high dropout rates truancy juvenile crime and teacher burnout. The authors hope to inspire others to more fully study the economic social and educational benefits of good acoustics.

David Lubman; Louis C. Sutherland

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

National passive solar conference, 4th, Kansas City, MO, October 3-5, 1979, proceedings. Volume 4  

SciTech Connect

Papers concern recent experience in the research, development and application of passive solar technology. Specific topics include the legislative barriers and incentives to passive solar systems, coupled thermal and lighting simulations for evaluating daylighting design effectiveness, passive solar applications in inner city housing, radiative cooling in a desert climate, salinity gradient solar ponds, the retrofit of a masonry home for passive space heating, the performances of active and passive solar domestic hot water systems, builder experience with passive solar home construction, the use of solar energy installations on farm buildings, and a method of determining the thermal performance of passive storage walls.

Franta, G.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy. One of the important requirements for Gen. IV High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors (HTGR) is passive safety. Currently all the HTGR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. [1] The decay heat first is transferred to core barrel by conduction and radiation, and then to reactor vessel by thermal radiation and convection; finally the decay heat is transferred to natural circulated air or water systems. RVACS can be characterized as a surface based decay heat removal system. Similar concepts have been widely used in sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) designs, advanced light water reactors like AP1000. The RVACS is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area. RVACS tends to be less expensive. However, it limits the largest achievable power level for modular HTGRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to surface). When the relative decay heat removal capability is reduced, the peak fuel temperature increases, even close to the design limit. Annual designs with internal reflector can mitigate this effect therefore further increase the power. Another way to increase power is to increase power density. However, it is also limited by the decay heat removal capability. Besides safety, HTGRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor designs. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of HTGRs. Forsberg [2] pointed out other disadvantages of using RVACS such as conflicting functional requirements for the reactor vessel and scaling distortion for integral effect test of the system performance. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume based passive decay removal system, call Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS has been widely used in SFR designs and in liquid salt cooled high temperature reactors. The containment cooling system in BWR is another example of volume based decay removal systems. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one in reactor side and another is in environment side. DRACS has the benefits of increasing the power as needed (scalability) and modularity. This paper introduces the concept of using DRACS to enhance HTGRs passive safety and economy.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Ling Zou

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Augmentation of acoustic transmission by a transition layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has already been reported by the author at a previous meeting [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Suppl. 73 S95 (1982)] that certain types of transition layers can improve the transmission of acoustic waves from one medium to another. In this paper conditions under which the transmissions of an acoustic wave is enhanced by the transition layer are presented. The case of a finite thickness elastic layer has been studied and it has been determined that at certain key frequencies an optimum transition layer thickness exists which greatly improves the interaction between the two media.

Mauro Pierucci

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Acoustic pursuit of invisible moving targets by cats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Head movements evoked by an invisible acoustic target were used as a metric to analyze localization of moving sources of sound in naive cats. The target was presented in the lateral sound field and moved along an arc at constant angular speeds. Head-movement trajectories were characterized by a large-magnitude orienting component that undershot the target and a tracking component elicited by the target during acoustic pursuit. The tracking component was characterized by a succession of stepwise head movements that maintained a relatively close alignment of the median plane of the head with the moving acoustic target.

Ralph E. Beitel

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Simultaneous acoustic and microwave backscattering from the sea surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simultaneous and coincident measurements of acoustic and microwavebackscatter from the air/sea interface were obtained during Phase II of the SAXON-FPN experiment in December 1992 and again in March 1993. The acoustic and microwave grazing angles were both set to 17° and the wavelengths were matched being set to 2.14 3.00 and 5.66 cm corresponding to respectively acoustic frequencies of 26.5 50 and 70 kHz and microwave frequencies of 5.3 10 and 14 GHz. Backscattering cross sections normalized by ensonified area for the acoustic (? 0 a ) and microwave (? 0 m ) returns were determined and their dependence on wind speed was investigated. The acoustic scattering strength is defined as 10? log 10 (? 0 a ) and the microwavescattering strength is defined as 10? log 10 (? 0 m )?10? log 10 (4?). The results of these experiments show that the two scattering strengths are comparable at wind speeds below about 3 m/s but that the acoustic scattering strength increases much faster than the microwavescattering strength with increasing wind speed until reaching saturation. If these wind-speed dependencies are represented by a power law U n then n is 5–6 for ? 0 a and 2–4 for ? 0 m for wind speeds between 2 and 7 m/s. This difference is ascribed to the effect of bubbles on the acoustic backscatter. The more rapid increase of ? 0 a compared to ? 0 m implies that for our 17° grazing angle acoustic scattering from the surface is negligible at all but the lowest wind speeds. Therefore a simple model is used for bubble scattering to fit the acoustic data as a function of wind speed for all three acoustic frequencies. The bubble densities required to fit the data agree well with previous measurements of near-surface bubble distributions. The model predicts an overshoot of the acoustic scattering strength (above the saturation level) at moderate wind speeds which is clearly seen in the data at 26.5 and 70 kHz. Finally a composite surface scatteringmodel is utilized for the pure surface scattering component along with the bubble model to predict the wind-speed dependence of the acoustic scattering strength at a 45° grazing angle and compare the results with earlier measurements.

Peter H. Dahl; William J. Plant; Bernd Nützel; Anke Schmidt; Heinz Herwig; Eugene A. Terray

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Study of maximizing acoustic energy coupling to salt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STUDY OF MAXIMIZING ACOUSTIC ENERGY COUPLING TO SALT A Thesis by YNG-JOV HNANG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1979 Major... Subject: Geophysics STUDY OF &MAXIMIZING ACOUSTIC ENERGY COUPLING TO SALT A Thesis by YNG-JOU HWANG Approved as to style and content by: C arrman o ommit e em er em e er Hea o epartment December 1979 ABSTRACT Study of Haximizing Acoustic Energy...

Hwang, Yng-Jou

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

397

Electromechanical transducer for acoustic telemetry system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved electromechanical transducer is provided for use in an acoustic telemetry system. The transducer of this invention comprises a stack of ferroelectric ceramic disks interleaved with a plurality of spaced electrodes which are used to electrically pole the ceramic disks. The ceramic stack is housed in a metal tubular drill collar segment. The electrodes are preferably alternatively connected to ground potential and driving potential. This alternating connection of electrodes to ground and driving potential subjects each disk to an equal electric field; and the direction of the field alternates to match the alternating direction of polarization of the ceramic disks. Preferably, a thin metal foil is sandwiched between electrodes to facilitate the electrical connection. Alternatively, a thicker metal spacer plate is selectively used in place of the metal foil in order to promote thermal cooling of the ceramic stack.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Wax Point Determinations Using Acoustic Resonance Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

The thermodynamic characterization of the wax point of a given crude is essential in order to maintain flow conditions that prevent plugging of undersea pipelines. This report summarizes the efforts made towards applying an Acoustic Cavity Resonance Spectrometer (ACRS) to the determination of pressures and temperatures at which wax precipitates from crude. Phillips Petroleum Company, Inc., the CRADA participant, supplied the ACRS. The instrumentation was shipped to Dr. Thomas Schmidt of ORNL, the CRADA contractor, in May 2000 after preliminary software development performed under the guidance of Dr. Samuel Colgate and Dr. Evan House of the University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Upon receipt it became apparent that a number of modifications still needed to be made before the ACRS could be precisely and safely used for wax point measurements. This report reviews the sequence of alterations made to the ACRS, as well as defines the possible applications of the instrumentation once the modifications have been completed.

Jubin, R.T.

2002-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

399

Acoustic nonlinearity in fluorinert FC-43  

SciTech Connect

Fluorinert FC-43 nonlinearity was investigated using two approaches: (i) a finite amplitude method with harmonic production; and (ii) a nonlinear frequency mixing in the fluid with consequent beam profile measurement of the difference frequency. The finite amplitude method provides information on the coefficient of nonlinearity, {beta}, through the amplitudes of the fundamental and the second harmonic, at a certain transmitter-receiver distance. A calibrated hydrophone was used as a receiver, in order to obtain direct pressure measurements of the acoustic waves in the fluid. The role of transmitter-receiver distance in {beta} determination is investigated. In the second approach, a single transducer is used to provide two high-frequency beams. The collinear high-frequency beams mix nonlinearly in the fluid resulting in a difference frequency beam and higher order harmonics of the primaries. The difference frequency beam profite is investigated at lengths beyond the mixing distance. The experimental data are compured with the KZK theory.

Pantea, Cristian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sinha, Dipen N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Osterhoudt, Curtis F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mombourquette, Paul C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Acoustic sand detector for fluid flowstreams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The particle volume and particle mass production rate of particulate solids entrained in fluid flowstreams such as formation sand or fracture proppant entrained in oil and gas production flowstreams is determined by a system having a metal probe interposed in a flow conduit for transmitting acoustic emissions created by particles impacting the probe to a sensor and signal processing circuit which produces discrete signals related to the impact of each of the particles striking the probe. The volume or mass flow rate of particulates is determined from making an initial particle size distribution and particle energy distribution and comparing the initial energy distribution and/or the initial size distribution with values related to the impact energies of a predetermined number of recorded impacts. The comparison is also used to recalibrate the system to compensate for changes in flow velocity.

Beattie, Alan G. (Corrales, NM); Bohon, W. Mark (Frisco, TX)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Collisional damping of the geodesic acoustic mode  

SciTech Connect

The frequency and damping rate of the geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) is revisited by using a gyrokinetic model with a number-conserving Krook collision operator. It is found that the damping rate of the GAM is non-monotonic as the collision rate increases. At low ion collision rate, the damping rate increases linearly with the collision rate; while as the ion collision rate is higher than v{sub ti}/R, where v{sub ti} and R are the ion thermal velocity and major radius, the damping rate decays with an increasing collision rate. At the same time, as the collision rate increases, the GAM frequency decreases from the (7/4+{tau})v{sub ti}/R to (1+{tau})v{sub ti}/R, where {tau} is the ratio of electron temperature to ion temperature.

Gao Zhe [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

A perspective on the CMB acoustic peak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CMB angular spectrum measurements suggest a flat universe. This paper clarifies the relation between geometry and the spherical harmonic index of the first acoustic peak ($\\ell_{peak}$). Numerical and analytic calculations show that $\\ell_{peak}$ is approximately a function of $\\Omega_K/\\Omega_M$ where $\\Omega_K$ and $\\Omega_M$ are the curvature ($\\Omega_K > 0$ implies an open geometry) and mass density today in units of critical density. Assuming $\\Omega_K/\\Omega_M \\ll 1$, one obtains a simple formula for $\\ell_{peak}$, the derivation of which gives another perspective on the widely-recognized $\\Omega_M$-$\\Omega_\\Lambda$ degeneracy in flat models. This formula for near-flat cosmogonies together with current angular spectrum data yields familiar parameter constraints.

T. A. Marriage

2002-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

403

Raising Photoemission Efficiency with Surface Acoustic Waves  

SciTech Connect

We are developing a novel technique that may help increase the efficiency and reduce costs of photoelectron sources used at electron accelerators. The technique is based on the use of Surface Acoustic Waves (SAW) in piezoelectric materials, such as GaAs, that are commonly used as photocathodes. Piezoelectric fields produced by the traveling SAW spatially separate electrons and holes, reducing their probability of recombination, thereby enhancing the photoemission quantum efficiency of the photocathode. Additional advantages could be increased polarization provided by the enhanced mobility of charge carriers that can be controlled by the SAW and the ionization of optically-generated excitons resulting in the creation of additional electron-hole pairs. It is expected that these novel features will reduce the cost of accelerator operation. A theoretical model for photoemission in the presence of SAW has been developed, and experimental tests of the technique are underway.

A. Afanasev, F. Hassani, C.E. Korman, V.G. Dudnikov, R.P. Johnson, M. Poelker, K.E.L. Surles-Law

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Analog circuit for controlling acoustic transducer arrays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simplified ananlog circuit is presented for controlling electromechanical transducer pairs in an acoustic telemetry system. The analog circuit of this invention comprises a single electrical resistor which replaces all of the digital components in a known digital circuit. In accordance with this invention, a first transducer in a transducer pair of array is driven in series with the resistor. The voltage drop across this resistor is then amplified and used to drive the second transducer. The voltage drop across the resistor is proportional and in phase with the current to the transducer. This current is approximately 90 degrees out of phase with the driving voltage to the transducer. This phase shift replaces the digital delay required by the digital control circuit of the prior art.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Acoustic Logs At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coso Geothermal Area (1977) Coso Geothermal Area (1977) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Acoustic Logs At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Acoustic Logs Activity Date 1977 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Acoustic logs indicate fractured rock and potentially permeable zones. References Galbraith, R. M. (1 May 1978) Geological and geophysical analysis of Coso Geothermal Exploration Hole No. 1 (CGEH-1), Coso Hot Springs KGRA, California Goranson, C.; Schroeder, R. (1 June 1978) Static downhole characteristics of well CGEH-1 at Coso Hot Springs, China Lake, California Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Acoustic_Logs_At_Coso_Geothermal_Area_(1977)&oldid=510216"

406

On acoustic cavitation of slightly subcritical bubbles Anthony Harkin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On acoustic cavitation of slightly subcritical bubbles Anthony Harkin Department of Mathematics, such as submicron air bubbles in water, where the natural oscilla- tion frequencies are high. In contrast, when

Kaper, Tasso J.

407

Acoustic radiation from a plate with sinusoidally varying properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic radiation produced by an infinite flat plate with sinusoidally varying properties and driven by a distributed load is presented. The plate is assumed to be thin with constant thickness but with stiffness varying sinusoidally along the axis. The analysis is an extension of the work previously reported [M. Pierucci J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Suppl. 1 79 S35 (1986)]. The analysis consists of solving the coupled fluid?structure equations with the added difficulty of having nonconstant coefficients. The system reduces to a convoluted equation which has been solved analytically. The results indicate the presence of acoustic pressure components radiating in directions that are related to the difference between the forcing function wavenumber and the wavenumber of the stiffness variation. Acoustic radiation patterns will be presented.

Mauro Pierucci

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

FOR ASSESSING ROOM ACOUSTICS Jasper van Dorp Schuitman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AUDITORY MODELLING FOR ASSESSING ROOM ACOUSTICS Jasper van Dorp Schuitman #12;Auditory modelling Promoties, in het openbaar te verdedigen op donderdag 15 september 2011 om 10:00 uur door Jasper VAN DORP

409

Purely Gasdynamic Multidimensional Indirect Detonation Initiation Using Localized Acoustic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purely Gasdynamic Multidimensional Indirect Detonation Initiation Using Localized Acoustic detonation initiation process is presented that can be independent of diffusion, viscosity and turbulence to accelerate detonation formation. It is shown that given sufficient resolution, the detonation formation time

Vasilyev, Oleg V.

410

Design parameters for acoustical treatments in a subway station renovation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustical treatments have been incorporated into the design of renovations in the Essex Street MBTA Station in Boston. Criteria were developed relating to noise reduction from train noise on the platform and sound isolation between northbound and southbound sides of the station. This paper discusses the limitations on acoustical treatments imposed by the functional and structural restraints of the station including the availability of surfaces to be treated safety access requirements maintenance and durability restrictions and architectural goals relating to aesthetics lighting and textures. The presentation focuses on the manner in which the acoustical consultant and architect responded to each other's goals and the way that conflicts were resolved. Measurements were made of existing acoustical parameters. The renovations are presently under construction.

Carl J. Rosenberg; Neville A. Powers; Allen M. Lieb

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Acoustic Waveform Logging - Advances In Theory And Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Full-waveform acoustic logging has made significant advances in both theory and application in recent years, and these advances have greatly increased the capability of log analysts to measure the physical properties of ...

Cheng, C. H.

412

Ion-acoustic cnoidal waves in a quantum plasma  

SciTech Connect

Nonlinear ion-acoustic cnoidal wave structures are studied in an unmagnetized quantum plasma. Using the reductive perturbation method, a Korteweg-de Vries equation is derived for appropriate boundary conditions and nonlinear periodic wave solutions are obtained. The corresponding analytical solution and numerical plots of the ion-acoustic cnoidal waves and solitons in the phase plane are presented using the Sagdeev pseudo-potential approach. The variations in the nonlinear potential of the ion-acoustic cnoidal waves are studied at different values of quantum parameter H{sub e} which is the ratio of electron plasmon energy to electron Fermi energy defined for degenerate electrons. It is found that both compressive and rarefactive ion-acoustic cnoidal wave structures are formed depending on the value of the quantum parameter. The dependence of the wavelength and frequency on nonlinear wave amplitude is also presented.

Mahmood, S. [Physics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, RS, Porto Alegre 915051-970 (Brazil); Theoretical Physics Division (TPD), PINSTECH P.O. Nilore, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Haas, F. [Physics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, RS, Porto Alegre 915051-970 (Brazil)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Development of Combined Opto-Acoustical Sensor Modules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The faint fluxes of cosmic neutrinos expected at very high energies require large instrumented detector volumes. The necessary volumes in combination with a sufficient shielding against background constitute forbidding and complex environments (e.g. the deep sea) as sites for neutrino telescopes. To withstand these environments and to assure the data quality, the sensors have to be reliable and their operation has to be as simple as possible. A compact sensor module design including all necessary components for data acquisition and module calibration would simplify the detector mechanics and ensures the long term operability of the detector. The compact design discussed here combines optical and acoustical sensors inside one module, therefore reducing electronics and additional external instruments for calibration purposes. In this design the acoustical sensor is primary used for acoustic positioning of the module. The module may also be used for acoustic particle detection and marine science if an appropriat...

Enzenhöfer, A; Graf, K; Hößl, J; Katz, U; Lahmann, R; Neff, M; Richardt, C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Acoustical power amplification and damping by temperature gradients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ceperley proposed a concept of a traveling wave heat engine [“A pistonless Stirling engine—The traveling wave heat engine ” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 66 1508–1513 (1979).] that provided a starting point of thermoacoustics today. This paper verifies experimentally his idea through observation of amplification and strong damping of a plane acoustic traveling wave as it passes through axial temperature gradients. The acoustic power gain is shown to obey a universal curve specified by a dimensionless parameter ???; ? is the angular frequency and ?? is the relaxation time for the gas to thermally equilibrate with channel walls. As an application of his idea a three-stage acoustic power amplifier is developed which attains the gain up to 10 with a moderate temperature ratio of 2.3.

Tetsushi Biwa; Ryo Komatsu; Taichi Yazaki

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Multi-level acoustic modeling for automatic speech recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context-dependent acoustic modeling is commonly used in large-vocabulary Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) systems as a way to model coarticulatory variations that occur during speech production. Typically, the local ...

Chang, Hung-An, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Tones for Real: Managing Multipath in Underwater Acoustic Wakeup  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, but acoustic prop- agation is five orders-of-magnitude slower than RF, so propagation times stretch to hundreds. Their success has sparked interest in bringing these characteristics underwater to improve our ability to chart

Heidemann, John

417

Progress in Fiber Optical Acoustic and Seismic Sensing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review of the progress in fiber optic acoustic and seismic sensor systems is presented. Common advancements in areas such as multiplexing are covered as well as specific progress in...

Kirkendall, Clay; Cole, James H; Tveten, Alan B; Dandridge, Anthony

418

Transverse acoustic actuation of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two methods for the transverse acoustic actuation of {110}-cut Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals are discussed. In this actuation mode, crystals are used that have the {110}- type twinning planes parallel to the base of the crystal. ...

Simon, Jesse Matthew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Speech coding, reconstruction and recognition using acoustics and electromagnetic waves  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The use of EM radiation in conjunction with simultaneously recorded acoustic speech information enables a complete mathematical coding of acoustic speech. The methods include the forming of a feature vector for each pitch period of voiced speech and the forming of feature vectors for each time frame of unvoiced, as well as for combined voiced and unvoiced speech. The methods include how to deconvolve the speech excitation function from the acoustic speech output to describe the transfer function each time frame. The formation of feature vectors defining all acoustic speech units over well defined time frames can be used for purposes of speech coding, speech compression, speaker identification, language-of-speech identification, speech recognition, speech synthesis, speech translation, speech telephony, and speech teaching.

Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Measurement of the Q value of an acoustic resonator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A cylindrical acoustic resonator was externally driven at the first resonance frequency by a compression driver. The acoustic energy stored in the resonator and the power dissipated per unit time were evaluated through the simultaneous measurements of acoustic pressure and velocity, in order to determine the Q value of the resonator. The resulting Q value, being employed as a measure of the damping in a resonator, was obtained as 36. However, the Q value determined from a frequency response curve known as a conventional technique turned out to be 25, which is 30% less than that obtained in the present method. By further applying these two methods in the case of a resonator having an acoustic load inside, we present an accurate measurement of the Q value of the resonator by making full use of its definition.

Tetsushi Biwa; Yuki Ueda; Hiroshi Nomura; Uichiro Mizutani; Taichi Yazaki

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Neighborhood analysis methods in acoustic modeling for automatic speech recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the problem of using nearest-neighbor based non-parametric methods for performing multi-class class-conditional probability estimation. The methods developed are applied to the problem of acoustic ...

Singh-Miller, Natasha, 1981-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Separation of acoustic waves in isentropic flow perturbations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present contribution investigates the mechanisms of sound generation and propagation in the case of highly-unsteady flows. It is based on the linearisation of the isentropic Navier-Stokes equation around a new pathline-averaged base flow. As a consequence of this unsteady and non-radiating base flow, the perturbation equations satisfy a conservation law. It is demonstrated that this flow perturbations can be split into acoustic and vorticity modes, with the acoustic modes being independent of the vorticity modes. Moreover, we conclude that the present acoustic perturbation is propagated by the convective wave equation and fulfills Lighthills acoustic analogy. Therefore, we can define the deviations of the Navier-Stokes equation from the convective wave equation as true sound sources. In contrast to other authors, no assumptions on a slowly varying or irrotational flow are necessary. Using a symmetry argument for the conservation laws, an energy conservation result and a generalisation of the sound intensity is provided.

Christian Henke

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

423

Acoustical wave propagation in buried water filled pipes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a comprehensive way of dealing with the problem of acoustical wave propagation in cylindrically layered media with a specific application in water-filled underground pipes. The problem is studied in ...

Kondis, Antonios, 1980-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Crystalline Silicon under Acoustic Cavitation: From Mechanoluminescence to Amorphization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The physicochemical behavior of crystalline silicon under acoustic cavitation is investigated in water sparged with argon at low temperature (10 and 20 °C). Surprisingly, spectroscopic investigations reveal that argon (bubbling continuously through the ...

Matthieu Virot; Rachel Pflieger; Ekaterina V. Skorb; Johann Ravaux; Thomas Zemb; Helmuth Möhwald

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

425

AUV Cooperative Operations using Acoustic Communication and Navigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, University of Idaho, Moscow Idaho, 83844- 0902 + CDNSWC Acoustic Research Detachment, 33890 North Main Street to collect valuable data for scientific and military purposes. Historically, individual vehicles have been

Idaho, University of

426

The Measurement of Bubble-Size Distributions by Acoustical Backscatter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A multifrequency acoustical-backscatter technique is described for determining the size distribution of bubbles with radii between 8 and 130 µm. The method makes use of the resonance in the microbubbles and operates at six frequencies ranging ...

Svein Vagle; David M. Farmer

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

An Inversion of Acoustical Attenuation Measurements to Deduce Bubble Populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurement of natural bubble populations is required for many areas of ocean science. Acoustical methods have considerable potential for achieving this goal because bubbles scatter sound strongly close to their natural frequency, which depends ...

H. Czerski

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

The CLEAR 2006 CMU acoustic environment classification system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe the CLEAR 2006 acoustic environment classification evaluation and the CMU system used in the evaluation. Environment classification is a critical technology for the CHIL Connector service [1] in that Connector relies on maintaining awareness ...

Robert G. Malkin

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Signal processing for fiber optic acoustic sensor system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phase compensator. Two passive demodulation techniques based on a 3 by 3 output coupler in the Mach-Zehnder interferometer provide a way to eliminate phase fading suffered inside the interferometric sensors. System measurements utilizing the two...

Zhu, Juhong

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

430

Low-Cost Manufacturable Microchannel Systems for Passive PEM Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Manufacturable Manufacturable Microchannel Systems for Passive PEM Water Management IIPS Number 16910 Low Low - - Cost Cost Manufacturable Manufacturable Microchannel Systems for Passive Microchannel Systems for Passive PEM Water Management PEM Water Management IIPS Number 16910 IIPS Number 16910 Ward TeGrotenhuis, Susie Stenkamp, Curt Lavender Pacific Northwest National Laboratories Richland, WA HFCIT Kick Off Meeting February 2007 2 Project objective: Create a low cost and passive PEM water management system Project objective: Project objective: Create a low cost Create a low cost and passive PEM water management system and passive PEM water management system Specific Targets Addressed for 3.4.2 Automotive-Scale: 80 kWe Integrated Transportation Fuel Cell Power Systems Operating on Direct Hydrogen

431

An experimental and theoretical acoustic investigation of single disc propellers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1988 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering AN EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL ACOUSTIC INVESTIGATION OF SINGLE DISC PROPELLERS A Thesis ELIZABETH ANN BUMANN Approved as to style and content by: Dr. Kenneth D. Korkan... 1988) Elizabeth Ann Bumsnn, B. S. , Texas AkM University Chairinan of Advisory Committee: Dr. Kenneth D. Korkan An experimental study of the acoustic field associated with two, three, and four blade propeller configurations was performed...

Bumann, Elizabeth Ann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

432

Comparison of linear and nonlinear acoustic probing of rock salt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPARISON OF LINEAR AND NONLINEAR ACOUSTIC PROBING OF ROCK SALT A Thesis by ALBERT MIN-HAO WANG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August... 1980 Major Subject: Geophysics COMPARISON OF LINEAR AND NONLINEAR ACOUSTIC PROBING OF ROCK SALT A Thesis by ALBERT MIN-HAO 'RANG Approved as to style and content by: l('-/c~k~&(. Chairman o Comm ' ee Member) Member / I Member Head...

Wang, Albert Min-Hao

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

433

Evaluation of the NucleDyne Passive Containment System  

SciTech Connect

This reports contains: (1) an evaluation by Gilbert/Commonwealth (G/C) of the NucleDyne passive Containment System (PCS) as that conceptual design is applied to a Westinghouse, two loop, Pressurized Water Reactor; (2) an evaluation by Westinghouse of two questions about the impact of the PCS on the Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS), which were posed by G/C and best answered by an NSSS vendor; and (3) replies to both the Gilbert/Commonwealth report and the Westinghoue report by NucleDyne Engineering Corporation.

None

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

The development of a passive dosimeter for airborne aniline vapors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

passive sampl1ng dosimeter was designed to measure concen- trat1ons of aniline vapor in air. Diffus1on tubes of 1. 5, 3. 0 and 4. 5 cm lengths were tested under controlled conditions of relative humid1ty, air temperature and vapor concentrations. A... of Measured vs Calculated Concentrations APPENDIX D-Student-t Test on Slopes of Measured vs Calculated Data . APPENDIX E-Statistical Analysis of Four Hour Time- Weighted Average Study on 3. 0 cm Dosimeter VITA ~pa e 42 45 48 59 62 63 65 70 73...

Campbell, James Evan

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Power Margin Reduction in Linear passive UHF RFID tag arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

penetration in a distributed Bragg reflector used in optical devices [12]. The structure of the distributed Bragg reflector consists of an alternating sequence of two materials of different optical impedances which can be treated as being similar to a tag... and Applications in Contactless Smart Cards and Identification, 2nd edition, New York, NY USA: Wiley, 2003, pp. 29-180, pp. 229-328. [2] United States Department of Defense Suppliers’ Passive RFID Information Guide, Version 15.0, pp. 20, [Online]. Avilable...

Zhang, Qi; Crisp, Michael; White, Ian H.; Penty, Richard V.

2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

436

Assessment of ecosystem biodiversity by acoustic diversity indices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assessment of ecosystem biodiversity by measurement of acoustic diversity was explored [B. L. Krause Explorers J. Winter 156–160 (1993)]. Specific acoustic indices (e.g. based on frequency spectrum) were developed and correlated with standard diversity indices (e.g. standard species abundance indices). Necessary technological infrastructures and analytic processes to measure acoustic dynamics of ecological biodiversity were explored. An automated web?based infrastructure capable of capturing processing and relaying real?time field measurements from multiple ecosystems to desktop and home computers was developed tested and implemented. Key infrastructure components were remote field instrumentation remote computer processing wireless digital relay instrumentation Internet server and automation relational database and website software. A dynamic digital library of ecological acoustic samples correlated ecosystem attributes and acoustic analysis methodologies was established. Library resources including digital sound files captured from ecosystems were made available to researchers and the public over the Internet [N. Metzger and M. Blumenthal Realizing Info. Future NAP 113–119 (1994)]. Indices of acoustic ecosystem diversity were refined through application on existing digital ecosystem sound recordings and digital sounds captured from multiple ecosystems. The performance of these indices was compared to standard biodiversity indices applied to the same ecosystems.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Disruption Analysis and Response Implicattions of Passive Plates for the NSTX Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The NSTX upgrade project requires analysis qualifications of existing vacuum vessel and passive stabilizing plates for increased plasma performance. Vertical stability is critically dependent on the passive conducting structure that surrounds the plasma. In this paper, the passive conducting structure is analyzed for the upgrade condition during plasma disruption to ensure the level of stress in the stabilizing plates and the fastener is within its design limits. The counter-bore of the passive plates for bolting is evaluated in details and counter-bore bushing is redesigned to prevent shear failure during disruptions as a result of high pulling and pushing forces, particularly for support at the corner bolts

Yuhu Zhai, Peter Titus, Art Brooks, and Ron Hatcher

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

438

Energy efficient building with the use of passive solar heating technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The configuration of a building after redesign for passive solar heating is described. The results of experimental studies of the temperature regimes for various weather conditions are presented.

M. M. Zakhidov

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

DRAFT INTERIM REPORT: NATIONAL PROGRAM PLAN FOR PASSIVE AND HYBRID SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix E indicates energy market penetration for passivepassive program. Energy market penetration for passiveConstruction New Energy Market (quads) Energy Penetration (

Authors, Various

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Low-Cost Manufacturable Microchannel Systems for Passive PEM Water Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation, which focuses on passive PEM water management, was given by Susie Stenkamp of PNNL at a February 2007 meeting on new fuel cell projects.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

SciTech Connect: Passivated Tunneling Contacts to N-Type Wafer...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Contacts to N-Type Wafer Silicon and Their Implementation into High Performance Solar Cells: Preprint Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Passivated Tunneling...

442

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers Webinar on Building Design & Passive Solar Transcript  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Video recording transcript of a Webinar on Nov. 16, 2010 about residential passive solar building design and solar thermal heating applications

443

Mobility changes anonymity: new passive threats in mobile ad hoc networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anonymity: New Passive Threats in Mobile Ad Hoc Networkson new anonymity threats and classify the correspondingagainst the new anonymity threats in mobile networks. The

Hong, Xiaoyan; Kong, Jiejun; Gerla, Mario

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Passivation of Aluminum in Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiBOB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

much greater thermal The passivation of aluminum in batterybattery electrolytes, LiPF 6 does have some shortcomings. In particular, the thermal

Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, Thomas M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Field evaluation of passive capillary samplers in monitoring the leaching of agrochemicals.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Soil solution samplers have certain inadequacies that limit their range of possible applications. Passive Capillary Samplers (PCAPS), which apply suction to the soil pore-water via… (more)

Brandi-Dohrn, Florian M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

E-Print Network 3.0 - ap1000 advanced passive Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

89, 232102 (Dec 2006) Influence of surface passivation on ultrafast carrier dynamics and terahertz radiation Summary: Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 232102 (Dec 2006) Influence of surface...

447

Energy and air quality implications of passive stack ventilation in residential buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy and air quality implications of passive stackemployer. Energy and air quality implications of passivean acceptable indoor air quality. Historically, U.S.

Mortensen, Dorthe Kragsig

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

E-Print Network 3.0 - antibody conferring passive Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A passive thread pool implemented with a kernel-level asynchronous I... of business production systems 14. The basic components of the immune system ... Source: Suzuki, Jun...

449

Fundamental Mechanisms of Copper CMP – Passivation Kinetics of Copper in CMP Slurry Constituents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tribochemical Mechanisms of Copper Chemical MechanicalE06-02 Fundamental Mechanisms of Copper CMP – PassivationKinetics of Copper in CMP Slurry Constituents Shantanu

Tripathi, Shantanu; Doyle, F M; Dornfeld, David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Integration of Full Tensor Gravity and ZTEM Passive Low Frequency EM Instruments for Simultaneous Data Acquisition  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Integration of Full Tensor Gravity and ZTEM Passive Low Frequency EM Instruments for Simultaneous Data Acquisition presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

451

Remote Detection of Heated Ethanol Plumes by Airborne Passive Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methodology is developed for the automated detection of heated plumes of ethanol vapor with airborne passive Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. Positioned in a fixed-wing...

Tarumi, Toshiyasu; Small, Gary W; Combs, Roger J; Kroutil, Robert T

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Enhancing reliability in passive anti-islanding protection schemes for distribution systems with distributed generation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis introduces a new approach to enhance the reliability of conventional passive anti-islanding protection scheme in distribution systems embedding distributed generation. This approach uses… (more)

Sheikholeslamzadeh, Mohsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Device and method for generating a beam of acoustic energy from a borehole, and applications thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In some aspects of the invention, a method of generating a beam of acoustic energy in a borehole is disclosed. The method includes generating a first acoustic wave at a first frequency; generating a second acoustic wave at a second frequency different than the first frequency, wherein the first acoustic wave and second acoustic wave are generated by at least one transducer carried by a tool located within the borehole; transmitting the first and the second acoustic waves into an acoustically non-linear medium, wherein the composition of the non-linear medium produces a collimated beam by a non-linear mixing of the first and second acoustic waves, wherein the collimated beam has a frequency based upon a difference between the first frequency and the second frequency; and transmitting the collimated beam through a diverging acoustic lens to compensate for a refractive effect caused by the curvature of the borehole.

Vu, Cung Khac; Sinha, Dipen N; Pantea, Cristian; Nihei, Kurt T; Schmitt, Denis P; Skelt, Christopher

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Remotely Interrogated Passive Polarizing Dosimeter (RIPPeD).  

SciTech Connect

Conductive polymers have become an extremely useful class of materials for many optical applications. We have developed an electrochemical growth method for depositing highly conductive ({approx}100 S/cm) polypyrrole. Additionally, we have adapted advanced fabrication methods for use with the polypyrrole resulting in gratings with submicron features. This conductive polymer micro-wire grid provides an optical polarizer with unique properties. When the polymer is exposed to ionizing radiation, its conductivity is affected and the polarization properties of the device, specifically the extinction ratio, change in a corresponding manner. This change in polarization properties can be determined by optically interrogating the device, possibly from a remote location. The result is a passive radiation-sensitive sensor with very low optical visibility. The ability to interrogate the device from a safe standoff distance provides a device useful in potentially dangerous environments. Also, the passive nature of the device make it applicable in applications where external power is not available. We will review the polymer deposition, fabrication methods and device design and modeling. The characterization of the polymer's sensitivity to ionizing radiation and optical testing of infrared polarizers before and after irradiation will also be presented. These experimental results will highlight the usefulness of the conductive infrared polarizer to many security and monitoring applications.

Kemme, Shanalyn A.; Buller, Daniel L.; Dirk, Shawn M.; Boye, Robert R.; Samora, Sally; Washburn, Cody M.; Wheeler, David Roger

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Use of passive sampling devices to determine soil contaminant concentrations  

SciTech Connect

The effective remediation of contaminated sites requires accurate identification of chemical distributions. A rapid sampling method using passive sampling devices (PSDs) can provide a thorough site assessment. We have been pursuing their application in terrestrial systems and have found that they increase the ease and speed of analysis, decrease solvent usage and overall cost, and minimize the transport of contaminated soils. Time and cost savings allow a higher sampling frequency than is generally the case using traditional methods. PSDs have been used in the field in soils of varying physical properties and have been successful in estimating soil concentrations ranging from 1 {mu}g/kg (parts per billion) to greater than 200 mg/kg (parts per million). They were also helpful in identifying hot spots within the sites. Passive sampling devices show extreme promise as an analytical tool to rapidly characterize contaminant distributions in soil. There are substantial time and cost savings in laboratory personnel and supplies. By selectively excluding common interferences that require sample cleanup, PSDs can be retrieved from the field and processed rapidly (one technician can process approximately 90 PSDs in an 8-h work day). The results of our studies indicate that PSDs can be used to accurately estimate soil contaminant concentrations and provide lower detection limits. Further, time and cost savings will allow a more thorough and detailed characterization of contaminant distributions. 13 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Johnson, K.A. [Clemson Univ., Pendleton, SC (United States); [Washington State Univ., Richland, WA (United States); Hooper, M.J. [Clemson Univ., Pendleton, SC (United States); Weisskopf, C.P. [Washington State Univ., Richland, WA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

456

Active-to-Passive Environmental Cleanup Transition Strategies - 13220  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Site uses a graded approach to environmental cleanup. The selection of groundwater and vadose zone remediation technologies for a specific contamination area is based on the size, contaminant type, contaminant concentration, and configuration of the plume. These attributes are the result of the nature and mass of the source of contamination and the subsurface characteristics in the area of the plume. Many large plumes consist of several zones that are most efficiently addressed with separate complementary corrective action/remedial technologies. The highest concentrations of contaminants are found in the source zone. The most robust, high mass removal technologies are often best suited for remediation of the source zone. In the primary plume zone, active remedies, such as pump-and-treat, may be necessary to remove contaminants and exert hydraulic control of the plume. In the dilute fringe zone, contaminants are generally lower in concentration and can often be treated with passive techniques. A key determination in achieving an acceptable and cost-effective end state for a given waste unit is when to transition from an active treatment system to a more passive or natural approach (e.g., monitored natural attenuation or enhanced attenuation). This paper will discuss the considerations for such a transition as well as provide examples of successful transitions at the Savannah River Site. (authors)

Gaughan, Thomas F. [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States); Aylward, Robert S.; Denham, Miles E.; Looney, Brian B. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States); Whitaker, Wade C. [Department of Energy - Savannah River, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Department of Energy - Savannah River, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States); Mills, Gary L. [Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Speed-of-light limitations in passive linear media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove that well-known speed of light restrictions on electromagnetic energy velocity can be extended to a new level of generality, encompassing even nonlocal chiral media in periodic geometries, while at the same time weakening the underlying assumptions to only passivity and linearity of the medium (either with a transparency window or with dissipation). As was also shown by other authors under more limiting assumptions, passivity alone is sufficient to guarantee causality and positivity of the energy density (with no thermodynamic assumptions). Our proof is general enough to include a very broad range of material properties, including anisotropy, bianisotropy (chirality), nonlocality, dispersion, periodicity, and even delta functions or similar generalized functions. We also show that the "dynamical energy density" used by some previous authors in dissipative media reduces to the standard Brillouin formula for dispersive energy density in a transparency window. The results in this paper are proved by exploiting deep results from linear-response theory, harmonic analysis, and functional analysis that had previously not been brought together in the context of electrodynamics.

Aaron Welters; Yehuda Avniel; Steven G. Johnson

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Acoustic horn reflectance: Equations and measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reflectance is the transfer function between forward and reflected components of pressure waves that propagate in wave guides such as acoustic horns. Exact solutions to Webster's Horn Equation are only known for a few specific shapes including parabolic conical and exponential. Explicit equations for reflectance in these three horn shapes were recently published for infinite-length horns. Measured reflectance in 3D-printed finite-length examples of these horn shapes show no similarity in the frequency-domain to exact reflectance for infinite-length horns. The similarity improves after adjustments to both the equations and the measurements. New equations were derived for exact reflectance of finite-length horns. Measured reflectance was smoothed by time-domain windowing. In contrast to frequency-domain reflectance comparisons of time-domain reflectance prior to the time sound reaches the end of the horn were not much affected by these adjustments. Because exact equations are known and 3D-printed examples are easy to obtain these three horn shapes may be useful as standards for comparing different reflectance-measurement systems.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Plasma Shape Effects on Geodesic Acoustic Oscillations  

SciTech Connect

Geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) oscillations in tokamak plasmas are known to be sensitive to the value of the safety factor q. Through its linear and nonlinear interactions with ITG turbulence it has recently been shown in direct numerical global simulations that the turbulence driven heat transport is larger when GAM oscilations of large amplitude are present, resulting in an anomalous transport scaling with the inverse plasma current. GAM dispersion relations have been derived for circular, large aspect ratio configurations, and, recently, for helical configurations. Linear simulation results are presented using the global, PIC, finite element codes GYGLES and ORB5 for the GAM frequency, damping rate and Rosenbluth-Hinton residual zonal flow for a scan in plasma elongation. It is found that CAM frequency slightly decreases, while GAM damping rate and residual zonal flows increase with elongation. Nonlinear ITG simulations using the ORB5 code show that elongation reduces heat transport and that this is related to the plasma current and not q alone.

Villard, L.; Angelino, P.; Jolliet, S.; McMillan, B. F.; Sauter, O.; Tran, T. M. [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association Euratom -- Confederation Suisse, EPFL, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Bottino, A. [Max-Planck Gesellschaft Institute for Plasma Physics, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Hatzky, R. [Computer Center of the IPP, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Max-Planck Gesellschaft, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

460

Inferior-Colliculus Responses to Amplitude-Modulated and Unmodulated Acoustic Tones and Cochlear-Implant Pulse Trains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and unmodulated pulse trains. J Acoust Soc Am 110, 368-79.desynchronizing pulse trains. J Acoust Soc Am 114, 2079-98.by high-frequency pulse trains of long duration. J Acoust

Schoenecker, Matthew Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Solar passive ceiling system. Final report. [Passive solar heating system with venetian blind reflectors and latent heat storage in ceiling  

SciTech Connect

The construction of a 1200 square foot building, with full basement, built to be used as a branch library in a rural area is described. The primary heating source is a passive solar system consisting of a south facing window system. The system consists of: a set of windows located in the south facing wall only, composed of double glazed units; a set of reflectors mounted in each window which reflects sunlight up to the ceiling (the reflectors are similar to venetian blinds); a storage area in the ceiling which absorbs the heat from the reflected sunlight and stores it in foil salt pouches laid in the ceiling; and an automated curtain which automatically covers and uncovers the south facing window system. The system is totally passive and uses no blowers, pumps or other active types of heat distribution equipment. The building contains a basement which is normally not heated, and the north facing wall is bermed four feet high around the north side.

Schneider, A.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Graduate acoustics education in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While graduate study in acoustics takes place in several colleges and schools at The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin) including Communication Fine Arts Geosciences and Natural Sciences this poster focuses on the acoustics program in Engineering. The core of this program resides in the Departments of Mechanical Engineering (ME) and Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE). Acoustics faculty in each department supervise graduate students in both departments. One undergraduate and seven graduate acoustics courses are cross-listed in ME and ECE. Instructors for these courses include staff at Applied Research Laboratories at UT Austin where many of the graduate students have research assistantships. The undergraduate course taught every fall begins with basic physical acoustics and proceeds to draw examples from different areas of engineering acoustics. Three of the graduate courses are taught every year: a two-course sequence on physical acoustics and a transducers course. The remaining four graduate acoustics courses taught in alternate years are on nonlinear acoustics underwater acoustics ultrasonics and architectural acoustics. An acoustics seminar is held most Fridays during the long semesters averaging over ten per semester since 1984. The ME and ECE departments both offer Ph.D. qualifying exams in acoustics.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

How to Effectively Compute the Reliability of a Thermal-Hydraulic Nuclear Passive System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a thermal-hydraulic (T-H) passive system of a nuclear power plant can be obtained by i) Monte Carlo (MC1 How to Effectively Compute the Reliability of a Thermal- Hydraulic Nuclear Passive System E. Zio1 be prohibitive because of the large number of (typically long) T-H code simulations that must be performed (one

Boyer, Edmond

464

Method for passive cooling liquid metal cooled nuclear reactors, and system thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor having a passive cooling system for removing residual heat resulting from fuel decay during reactor shutdown. The passive cooling system comprises a plurality of partitions surrounding the reactor vessel in spaced apart relation forming intermediate areas for circulating heat transferring fluid which remove and carry away heat from the reactor vessel.

Hunsbedt, Anstein (Los Gatos, CA); Busboom, Herbert J. (San Jose, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Issues about the Integration of Passive and Active Monitoring for Grid Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Issues about the Integration of Passive and Active Monitoring for Grid Networks S. Andreozzi2 , D.unipi.it,{sergio.andreozzi,antonia.ghiselli}@cnaf.infn.it Abstract. We discuss the integration of passive and active techniques in a Grid monitoring system. We show. 1 Introduction Grid applications require Storage, Computing, and Communication resources, and need

Markatos, Evangelos P.

466

A NEW ROBOT DESIGN TO PASSIVELY DAMP FLEXIBLE ROBOTIC ARMS Louis J. Everett  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A NEW ROBOT DESIGN TO PASSIVELY DAMP FLEXIBLE ROBOTIC ARMS Louis J. Everett Mechanical robotic arm in which passive dampers eliminate unwanted oscillation. This paper derives and reduces, Modeling, Space Robotics 1. INTRODUCTION Long reach robot arms are being designed and implemented in space

Everett, Louis J.

467

All-Fiber Pulsed Lasers Passively Mode-Locked by Transferable Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Film  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All-Fiber Pulsed Lasers Passively Mode-Locked by Transferable Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan An all-fiber passive laser mode locking is realized with a vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotube film that can be transferred onto an arbitrary substrate using only

Maruyama, Shigeo

468

Increasing output energy from a passively Q-switched Er:glass laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

designators, laser range finders, wind metrology, LIDARs, and communication [8­10]. Passive Q- switches have many advantages over active ones. These include low cost, compact size and weight, robustness, and high are passively Q-switched, only the lowest spatial mode can develop. Attempts to increase the pump power in order

Friesem, Asher A.

469

Multivortex micromixing: novel techniques using Dean flows for passive microfluidic mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MULTIVORTEX MICROMIXING: NOVEL TECHNIQUES USING DEAN FLOWS FOR PASSIVE MICROFLUIDIC MIXING A Dissertation by ARJUN PENUBOLU SUDARSAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2006 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering MULTIVORTEX MICROMIXING: NOVEL TECHNIQUES USING DEAN FLOWS FOR PASSIVE MICROFLUIDIC MIXING A...

Sudarsan, Arjun Penubolu

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

470

Hydrogen effects on stainless steel passive film fracture studied by nanoindentation , L.J. Qiao a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Letter Hydrogen effects on stainless steel passive film fracture studied by nanoindentation Y. Yao. Hydrogen absorption a b s t r a c t Hydrogen effects on the fracture stress of passive film formed on 316L stainless steel were studied by nanoindentation. Hydrogen accumulated primarily on the sample surface

Volinsky, Alex A.

471

Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to certain types of relay attacks 1 . Our attack allowed to open and start the car while the true distanceRelay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars Aur´elien Francillon, Boris.francillon, boris.danev, srdjan.capkun}@inf.ethz.ch Abstract We demonstrate relay attacks on Passive Keyless Entry

472

Passive sampling methods to determine household and personal care product use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Passive sampling methods to determine household and personal care product use DEBORAH H. BENNETTa, cleaning products, passive sampling, SUPERB, longitudinal. Introduction Personal care and household care products, such as cleaning products and pesticides, are frequently used in most house- holds although

Leistikow, Bruce N.

473

Passive Ozone Control Through Use of Reactive Indoor Wall and Ceiling Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Passive Ozone Control Through Use of Reactive Indoor Wall and Ceiling Materials Paper # 715 Donna A and unpainted drywall as passive ozone control surfaces in a room-sized laboratory chamber. Mean deposition-50%, resulted in increased reactivity for activated carbon. In our model for a typical house, about 35

Siegel, Jeffrey

474

Adhesion Recovery and Passive Peeling in a Wall Climbing Robot using Adhesives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adhesion Recovery and Passive Peeling in a Wall Climbing Robot using Adhesives Casey Kute, Michael results illustrate that a passive peeling mechanism is successful in reducing the required power to peel vertical surfaces are capable of sensing how well they are adhered to the surface. The flat-tailed house

Wood, Robert

475

A Novel Wireless Passive Temperature Sensor Utilizing Microfluidic Principles in Millimeter-Wave  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Novel Wireless Passive Temperature Sensor Utilizing Microfluidic Principles in Millimeter. INTRODUCTION A new miniaturized passive and wireless sensing tag is presented, which is based on microfluidic. Preliminary guidelines for a novel generation of wearable, implantable and conformal "smart house"/"smart skin

Tentzeris, Manos

476

Acoustic propagation characteristics of the estuarine salt wedge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The estuarine environment often hosts a salt wedge—a layer of denser seawater advected by the rising tide under fresh water discharged by the river. The nature of the stratification is a function of the tide's range and speed of advance river discharge volumetric flow rate and river mouth morphology. The competing effects of temperature and salinity on sound speed present the question: Is the salt wedge acoustically observable? Using temperature and salinity profiles collected in situ numerical results show that the salt wedge can impact acoustic propagation. Acoustically this environment consists of two isospeed layers separated by a thin gradient. While this three-layer very shallow water acoustic waveguide is typically dominated by high angle multipath propagation refraction occurring in the gradient layer allows some low-angle energy from near-surface sources to be trapped in the upper layer. Acoustic fluctuations observed at an upstream or downstream receiver depend upon the interaction between the advancing and receding tide and the river discharge which can include the presence of internal waves propagating along the top of the salt wedge.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Shelf?break tidally induced environmental influences on acoustic propagation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Continuous wave propagation in the 100–500 Hz band in littoral regions depends upon both time?dependent oceanography and bathymetry. The environmental influences interact nonlinearly in the acoustical time variation especially since the diurnal tidesurface height changes creates time?dependent total water depth. A submesoscale hydrodynamic model developed by Shen and Evans is used with tidal forcing and a simple shelf?break bathymetry to produce surface height variation and internal wave activity due to internal tide in a stratified ocean environment. A three?dimensional parabolic equation acoustic model is used to acoustically probe this environment at various bearings relative to the shelf break and the resulting internal tidal dynamics. In particular the acoustical results are examined for three?dimensional effects such as horizontal refraction. First the influence of bathymetry alone is shown and then compared to the full environment due to hydrodynamic action. The relative influences will then be compared by various measures such as modal decomposition acoustic energy summed over depth and signal gain degradation. [This research is sponsored by the ONR.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Acoustic propagation characteristics of the estuarine salt wedge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The estuarine environment often hosts a salt wedge-a layer of denser seawater advected by the rising tide under fresh water discharged by the river. The nature of the stratification is a function of the tide's range and speed of advance river discharge volumetric flow rate and river mouth morphology. The competing effects of temperature and salinity on sound speed present the question: Is the salt wedge acoustically observable? Using temperature and salinity profiles collected in situ numerical results show that the salt wedge can impact acoustic propagation. Acoustically this environment can be approximated by two isospeed layers separated by a thin gradient. While this three-layer very shallow water acoustic waveguide is typically dominated by high angle multipath propagation refraction occurring in the gradient layer allows low-angle energy from near-surface sources to be trapped above the gradient and creates a shadow zone below the gradient. Energy from near-bottom sources is refracted to higher angles and attenuated more quickly. Acoustic fluctuations observed at an upstream/downstream receiver depend upon the presence/absence of bedforms and the interaction between the advancing/receding tide and the river discharge which can include the presence of internal waves propagating along the top of the salt wedge.

D. B. Reeder

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Studies of Acoustic Neutrino Detection Methods with ANTARES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emission of neutrinos within a wide energy range is predicted from very-high-energy phenomena in the Universe. Even the current or next-generation Cherenkov neutrino telescopes might be too small to detect the faint fluxes expected for cosmic neutrinos with energies exceeding the EeV scale. The acoustic detection method is a promising option to enlarge the discovery potential in this highest-energy regime. In a possible future deep-sea detector, the pressure waves produced in a neutrino interaction could be detected by a 100 km\\^3-sized array of acoustic sensors, even if it is sparsely instrumented with about 100 sensors/km\\^3. This article focuses on the AMADEUS set-up of acoustic sensors, which is an integral part of the ANTARES detector. The main aim of the project is a feasibility study towards a future acoustic neutrino detector. However, the experience gained with the ANTARES-AMADEUS hybrid opto-acoustic set-up can also be transferred to future very large volume optical neutrino telescopes, especial...

Graf, K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Heat-driven acoustic cooling engine having no moving parts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heat-driven acoustic cooling engine having no moving parts receives heat from a heat source. The acoustic cooling engine comprises an elongated resonant pressure vessel having first and second ends. A compressible fluid having a substantial thermal expansion coefficient and capable of supporting an acoustic standing wave is contained in the resonant pressure vessel. The heat source supplies heat to the first end of the vessel. A first heat exchanger in the vessel is spaced-apart from the first end and receives heat from the first end. A first thermodynamic element is adjacent to the first heat exchanger and converts some of the heat transmitted by the first heat exchanger into acoustic power. A second thermodynamic element has a first end located spaced-apart from the first thermodynamic element and a second end farther away from the first thermodynamic element than is its first end. The first end of the second thermodynamic element heats while its second end cools as a consequence of the acoustic power. A second heat exchanger is adjacent to and between the first and second thermodynamic elements. A heat sink outside of the vessel is thermally coupled to and receives heat from the second heat exchanger. The resonant pressure vessel can include a housing less than one-fourth wavelength in length coupled to a reservoir. The housing can include a reduced diameter portion communicating with the reservoir.

Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM); Hofler, Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

A comparison of implantation methods for large PIT tags or injectable acoustic transmitters in juvenile Chinook salmon  

SciTech Connect

The miniaturization of acoustic transmitters may allow greater flexibility in terms of the size and species of fish available to tag. New downsized injectable acoustic tags similar in shape to passive integrated transponder tags can be rapidly injected rather than surgically implanted through a sutured incision, as is current practice. Before wide-scale field use of these injectable transmitters, standard protocols to ensure the most effective and least damaging methods of implantation must be developed. Three implantation methods were tested in various sizes of juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tschawytscha. Methods included a needle bevel-down injection, a needle bevel-up injection with a 90-degree rotation, and tag implantation through an unsutured incision. Tagged fish were compared to untagged control groups. Weight and wound area were measured at tagging and every week for 3 weeks; holding tanks were checked daily for mortalities and tag losses. No differences among treatments were found in growth, tag loss, or survival, but wound area was significantly reduced among incision-treated fish. The bevel-up injection had the worst results in terms of tag loss and wound area and also had high mortality. Implantation through an incision resulted in the lowest tag loss but the highest mortality. Fish from the bevel-down treatment group had the least mortality; wound areas also were smaller than the bevel-up treatment group. Cumulatively, the data suggest that the unsutured incision and bevel-down injection methods were the most effective; the drawbacks of both methods are described in detail. However, we further recommend larger and longer studies to find more robust thresholds for tagging size that include more sensitive measures.

Cook, Katrina V.; Brown, Richard S.; Deng, Zhiqun; Klett, Ryan S.; Li, Huidong; Seaburg, Adam; Eppard, M. B.

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

Sidewall passivation for InGaN/GaN nanopillar light emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect

We studied the effect of sidewall passivation on InGaN/GaN multiquantum well-based nanopillar light emitting diode (LED) performance. In this research, the effects of varying etch rate, KOH treatment, and sulfur passivation were studied for reducing nanopillar sidewall damage and improving device efficiency. Nanopillars prepared under optimal etching conditions showed higher photoluminescence intensity compared with starting planar epilayers. Furthermore, nanopillar LEDs with and without sulfur passivation were compared through electrical and optical characterization. Suppressed leakage current under reverse bias and four times higher electroluminescence (EL) intensity were observed for passivated nanopillar LEDs compared with unpassivated nanopillar LEDs. The suppressed leakage current and EL intensity enhancement reflect the reduction of non-radiative recombination at the nanopillar sidewalls. In addition, the effect of sulfur passivation was found to be very stable, and further insight into its mechanism was gained through transmission electron microscopy.

Choi, Won Hyuck; Abraham, Michael; Yu, Shih-Ying [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); You, Guanjun; Liu, Jie; Wang, Li; Xu, Jian, E-mail: jianxu@engr.psu.edu [Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Mohney, Suzanne E., E-mail: mohney@ems.psu.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Materials Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

483

Passive solar strategies as a logic for improved architectural design: Two prototypes for modular housing  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a project in which two passive solar housing prototypes were developed for mass production as modular housing. The prototypes have been built and are currently being marketed and thermally monitored. The project received support from the U.S. DOE under its Passive Solar Manufactured Buildings Program. The goal of this project was to develop a prototype which incorporated passive solar technologies into modular housing. Because modular housing is an industrialized product, this incorporation involved relating to a construction process as well as deriving the design of a new product. This paper addresses the issues of modular housing production that impact energy efficiency, passive solar design, and architectural quality. The product's design evolution is described, with emphasis upon how solutions for the prototype(s) were derived in response to factory construction processes, cost, existing and potential markets and the extended goal to improve both energy efficiency and architectural design while introducing passive solar strategies.

Reeder, B.C.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Dark Energy Constraints from Baryon Acoustic Oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Baryon acoustic oscillations (BAOs) in the galaxy power spectrum allow us to extract the scale of the comoving sound horizon at recombination, a cosmological standard ruler accurately determined by the cosmic microwave background anisotropy data. We examine various issues important in the use of BAOs to probe dark energy. We find that if we assume a flat universe and priors on ?m, ?mh2, and ?bh2 as expected from the Planck mission, the constraints on dark energy parameters (w0, w') scale much less steeply with survey area than (area)-1/2 for a given redshift range. The constraints on the dark energy density ?X(z), however, do scale roughly with (area)-1/2 due to the strong correlation between H(z) and ?m (which reduces the effect of priors on ?m). Dark energy constraints from BAOs are very sensitive to the assumed linear scale of matter clustering and the redshift accuracy of the survey. For a BAO survey with 0.5 ? z ? 2, ? (R) = 0.4 [corresponding to kmax (z = 0) = 0.086 h Mpc-1], and ?z/ (1 + z) = 0.001, we find = (0.115,0.183) and (0.069, 0.104) for survey areas of 1000 and 10,000 deg2, respectively. We find that it is critical to minimize the bias in the scale estimates in order to derive reliable dark energy constraints. For a 1000 (10,000) deg2 BAO survey, a 1 ? bias in ln H (z) leads to a 2 ? (3 ?) bias in w'. The bias in w' due to the same scale bias from ln DA (z) is slightly smaller and opposite in sign. The results from this paper will be useful in assessing different proposed BAO surveys and guiding the design of optimal dark energy detection strategies.

Yun Wang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Passive Millimeter-Wave Spectrometer for Remote Chemical Detection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Closed Captioning Transcript Closed Captioning Transcript Welcome to a demonstration of the Passive Millimeter-Wave Spectrometer for Remote Chemical Detection. The ultimate goal of the project was to detect a hot target gas in front of a cooler background. This setup was eventually tested at the Nevada Test Site. Prior to field test we tested the concept in a laboratory. We simulated the field conditions by simultaneously reducing the two relative temperatures. In this demonstration we will show a room temperature gas (CH3CN) with a cold background (liquid nitrogen). To understand the experiment we will be showing, the first subplot here represents all data channels plotted on a single plot, the second plot represents a two-dimensional representation of the same data, the X axis represents time, the Y axis represents frequency. As the plot is animated later the first and second subplots will have a cross section marker sweep across them.

486

Passive Spectroscopic Diagnostics for Magnetically-confined Fusion Plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Spectroscopy of radiation emitted by impurities and hydrogen isotopes plays an important role in the study of magnetically-confined fusion plasmas, both in determining the effects of impurities on plasma behavior and in measurements of plasma parameters such as electron and ion temperatures and densities, particle transport, and particle influx rates. This paper reviews spectroscopic diagnostics of plasma radiation that are excited by collisional processes in the plasma, which are termed 'passive' spectroscopic diagnostics to distinguish them from 'active' spectroscopic diagnostics involving injected particle and laser beams. A brief overview of the ionization balance in hot plasmas and the relevant line and continuum radiation excitation mechanisms is given. Instrumentation in the soft X-ray, vacuum ultraviolet, ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared regions of the spectrum is described and examples of measurements are given. Paths for further development of these measurements and issues for their implementation in a burning plasma environment are discussed.

B.C. Stratton, M. Bitter, K.W. Hill, D.L. Hillis, and J.T. Hogan

2007-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

487

Apparatus and process for passivating an SRF cavity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and process for the production of a niobium cavity exhibiting high quality factors at high gradients is provided. The apparatus comprises a first chamber positioned within a second chamber, an RF generator and vacuum pumping systems. The process comprises placing the niobium cavity in a first chamber of the apparatus; thermally treating the cavity by high temperature in the first chamber while maintaining high vacuum in the first and second chambers; and applying a passivating thin film layer to a surface of the cavity in the presence of a gaseous mixture and an RF field. Further a niobium cavity exhibiting high quality factors at high gradients produced by the method of the invention is provided.

Myneni, Ganapati Rao; Wallace, John P

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

488

Passive remote smoke plume opacity sensing: a technique  

SciTech Connect

A new passive technique for the remote measurement of the visual opacity of plumes emerging from smokestacks is presented. It is based on the detection of the attenuation of the polarized component of Rayleigh-scattered background skylight as it traverses a smoke plume. A two-color difference measurement of the polarization of skylight through the plume is compared with a similar measurement of the unattenuated sky-light adjacent to the plume. This method is independent of the intrinsic brightness of the plume resulting from the scattering of sunlight and cancels white-light polarization effects of plume-scattered radiation. A prototype instrument incorporating this method has been successfully field tested on an EPA smoke school generator and a power plant stack plume.

Lilenfeld, P.; Woker, G.; Stern, R.; McVay, L.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

The Sandia MEMS passive shock sensor : FY08 design summary.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes design and modeling activities for the MEMS passive shock sensor. It provides a description of past design revisions, including the purposes and major differences between design revisions but with a focus on Revisions 4 through 7 and the work performed in fiscal year 2008 (FY08). This report is a reference for comparing different designs; it summarizes design parameters and analysis results, and identifies test structures. It also highlights some of the changes and or additions to models previously documented [Mitchell et al. 2006, Mitchell et al. 2008] such as the way uncertainty thresholds are analyzed and reported. It also includes dynamic simulation results used to investigate how positioning of hard stops may reduce vibration sensitivity.

Walraven, Jeremy Allen; Baker, Michael Sean; Clemens, Rebecca C.; Mitchell, John Anthony; Brake, Matthew Robert; Epp, David S.; Wittwer, Jonathan W.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Segmented saddle-shaped passive stabilization conductors for toroidal plasmas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A large toroidal vacuum chamber for plasma generation and confinement is lined with a toroidal blanket for shielding using modules segmented in the toroidal direction. To provide passive stabilization in the same manner as a conductive vacuum chamber wall, saddle-shaped conductor loops are provided on blanket modules centered on a midplane of the toroidal chamber with horizontal conductive bars above and below the midplane, and vertical conductive legs on opposite sides of each module to provide return current paths between the upper and lower horizontal conductive bars. The close proximity of the vertical legs provided on adjacent modules without making physical contact cancel the electromagnetic field of adjacent vertical legs. The conductive bars spaced equally above and below the midplane simulate toroidal conductive loops or hoops that are continuous, for vertical stabilization of the plasma even though they are actually segmented. 5 figs.

Leuer, J.A.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave equation Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics 23 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: in the ion acoustic wave equation we obtain 4 where no is the...

492

Excitation of plasma waves in the ionosphere caused by atmospheric acoustic waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transformation of atmospheric acoustic waves into plasma waves in the ionosphere is investigated. The transformation mechanism is based on plasma wave exitation by growing acoustic waves, when ... is reached....

N. Ya. Kotsarenko; R. Pérez Enríquez; S. V. Koshevaya

493

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic detection test Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

test Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acoustic detection test Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 First Informal MiniWorkshop on Acoustic...

494

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves trapped Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

no internal waves so that the acoustic propagation is very clean.Travel times of the first... to the acoustic array. The dashed lines represent the crests of the waves with 160...

495

Acoustic Monitoring of Beluga Whale Interactions with Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Project  

SciTech Connect

Cook Inlet, Alaska is home to some of the greatest tidal energy resources in the U.S., as well as an endangered population of beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Successfully permitting and operating a tidal power project in Cook Inlet requires a biological assessment of the potential and realized effects of the physical presence and sound footprint of tidal turbines on the distribution, relative abundance, and behavior of Cook Inlet beluga whales. ORPC Alaska, working with the Project Team—LGL Alaska Research Associates, University of Alaska Anchorage, TerraSond, and Greeneridge Science—undertook the following U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) study to characterize beluga whales in Cook Inlet – Acoustic Monitoring of Beluga Whale Interactions with the Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Project (Project). ORPC Alaska, LLC, is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ocean Renewable Power Company, LLC, (collectively, ORPC). ORPC is a global leader in the development of hydrokinetic power systems and eco-conscious projects that harness the power of ocean and river currents to create clean, predictable renewable energy. ORPC is developing a tidal energy demonstration project in Cook Inlet at East Foreland where ORPC has a Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) preliminary permit (P-13821). The Project collected baseline data to characterize pre-deployment patterns of marine mammal distribution, relative abundance, and behavior in ORPC’s proposed deployment area at East Foreland. ORPC also completed work near Fire Island where ORPC held a FERC preliminary permit (P-12679) until March 6, 2013. Passive hydroacoustic devices (previously utilized with bowhead whales in the Beaufort Sea) were adapted for study of beluga whales to determine the relative abundance of beluga whale vocalizations within the proposed deployment areas. Hydroacoustic data collected during the Project were used to characterize the ambient acoustic environment of the project site pre-deployment to inform the FERC pilot project process. The Project compared results obtained from this method to results obtained from other passive hydrophone technologies and to visual observation techniques performed simultaneously. This Final Report makes recommendations on the best practice for future data collection, for ORPC’s work in Cook Inlet specifically, and for tidal power projects in general. This Project developed a marine mammal study design and compared technologies for hydroacoustic and visual data collection with potential for broad application to future tidal and hydrokinetic projects in other geographic areas. The data collected for this Project will support the environmental assessment of future Cook Inlet tidal energy projects, including ORPC’s East Foreland Tidal Energy Project and any tidal energy developments at Fire Island. The Project’s rigorous assessment of technology and methodologies will be invaluable to the hydrokinetic industry for developing projects in an environmentally sound and sustainable way for areas with high marine mammal activity or endangered populations. By combining several different sampling methods this Project will also contribute to the future preparation of a comprehensive biological assessment of ORPC’s projects in Cook Inlet.

Worthington, Monty [Project Director - AK] [Project Director - AK

2014-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

496

Understanding some simple phenomena in thermoacoustics with applications to acoustical heat engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermoacoustical phenomena have a long history and are frequently characterized by great complexity. In the present paper we describe how by the use of suitable acoustical structures the phenomena can both be simplified and readily demonstrated. A heuristic discussion is emphasized which we hope will be useful in teaching the principles. The qualities of certain model apparatus that demonstrate acoustically stimulated entropy flow a thermally driven acoustic oscillator and an acoustically driven refrigerator are also presented in semiquantitative detail.

John Wheatley; T. Hofler; G. W. Swift; A. Migliori

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Viscous effects on the linear stability of a pulsanting bubble in acoustic fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A linear stability theory of the harmonic motion of cavitation bubbles subject to an acoustic field with respect... $$\\sqrt {2\

Paolo Blondeaux

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Microsoft Word - Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring_Revised.do  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LA-UR-05-6025 LA-UR-05-6025 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Title: Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring: Technology Report Author(s): Dipen N. Sinha Submitted to: Gas Technology Management Division Strategic Center for Natural Gas and Oil National Energy Technology Laboratory 2 Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring: Technology Report Dipen Sinha Los Alamos National Laboratory July 20, 2005 Executive Summary This report presents detailed information on the effort to develop acoustic sensing technologies for natural gas pipe line monitoring. It starts with a historical evolution of the project and ends with the current status. The various technical accomplishments during this effort are pointed out. The latest technique involves the use of Lamb wave propagation in the wall of a pipe generated in a stand-off manner for defect detection. The report presents

499

Microsoft PowerPoint - Subsea_Acoustics v5.ppt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Acoustic Impacts on Marine Mammals Acoustic Impacts on Marine Mammals from Subsea Oil & Gas Processing DOE Strategy to Address Noise from Subsea Petroleum Processing Technologies DOE Strategy to Address Noise from Subsea Petroleum Processing Technologies Noise Types & Thresholds High Level, Intermittent Low Level, Continuous MMS Workshop Nov. 17-19, 2009 Boston, MA Marine Mammals and Noise Marine Mammal Commission March 2007 Advisory Committee on Acoustic Impacts on Marine Mammals Marine Mammal Commission February 2006 Effects of Subsea Processing on Deepwater Environments in the Gulf of Mexico Minerals Management Service May 2008 Addressing the Effects of Human- Generated Sound on Marine Life Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science & Technology (JSOST) January 2009 Facilities Utilizing Subsea Petroleum Processing Technologies

500

Acoustical environments measured in urban and suburban schools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of sound levels in numerous classrooms and other instructional spaces in primary educational facilities over the past several years have revealed a lack of acoustical control within public schools. We have found environments in excess of NC?60 more often than we have found NC?30 rooms in unoccupied spaces. Occupied sound levels in instructional spaces may exceed 90 dB(A). Because of poor acoustical design we have found classrooms on the same floor with background sound levels that vary from NC?60 to NC?25 depending on the distance from the HVAC mechanical room. This paper will present some case studies that demonstrate the need for an acoustical standard for the classroom.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z