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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

PROJECT SPECIFIC CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR A WAVE GLIDER-BASED PASSIVE ACOUSTIC DETECTION SYSTEM,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SPECIFIC CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR A WAVE SPECIFIC CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR A WAVE GLIDER-BASED PASSIVE ACOUSTIC DETECTION SYSTEM, Attachment PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY, RICHLAND, WASHINGTON Proposed Action Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) proposes to conduct a proof-of-principle study to develop a wave glider-based passive acoustic detection system for monitoring whale populations (e.g., presence, distribution, relative abundance). Long-term goals of the project include better understanding whale populations to facilitate environmentally responsible development of offshore energy and improving the capability to monitor the world's oceans. Location of Action The proposed action would occur at PNNL facilities in Richland, Washington; at the Marine Science Laboratory

2

Weather Classification Using Passive Acoustic Drifters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather observations are needed in remote oceanic regions to support numerical weather forecast models, to provide surface truth for satellite sensors, and to help understand global weather patterns. An acoustic mini-drifting buoy using no moving ...

Jeffrey A. Nystuen; Harry D. Selsor

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Passive Acoustic Determination of Wave-Breaking Events and Their Severity across the Spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A passive acoustic method of detecting breaking waves of different scales has been developed. The method also showed promise for measuring breaking severity.

Richard Manasseh; Alexander V. Babanin; Cameron Forbes; Kate Rickards; Irena Bobevski; Andrew Ooi

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Operational Performance Analysis of Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Killer Whales  

SciTech Connect

For the planned tidal turbine site in Puget Sound, WA, the main concern is to protect Southern Resident Killer Whales (SRKW) due to their Endangered Species Act status. A passive acoustic monitoring system is proposed because the whales emit vocalizations that can be detected by a passive system. The algorithm for detection is implemented in two stages. The first stage is an energy detector designed to detect candidate signals. The second stage is a spectral classifier that is designed to reduce false alarms. The evaluation presented here of the detection algorithm incorporates behavioral models of the species of interest, environmental models of noise levels and potential false alarm sources to provide a realistic characterization of expected operational performance.

Matzner, Shari; Fu, Tao; Ren, Huiying; Deng, Zhiqun; Sun, Yannan; Carlson, Thomas J.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

5

A Signal-processing Scheme for Passive Acoustical Mapping of Breaking Surface Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An acoustical system is described with emphasis on its signal-processing scheme. The system consists of a small broadband hydrophone array of span 8.5 m and 5-kHz bandwidth, which is able to track individual breaking surface waves by passive ...

Li Ding; David M. Farmer

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Detecting coughing episodes passively from acoustic signals in a home environment: demo abstract  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate a passive cough monitoring system for in-home environments using acoustic sensors. Our system does not need the users to wear any device. It also works under the presence of typical sounds that may be common in a home environment. Keywords: activity monitoring, assisted living

Enamul Hoque; John A. Stankovic

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Passive pavement-mounted acoustical linguistic drive alert system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems and methods are described for passive pavement-mounted acoustical alert of the occupants of a vehicle. A method of notifying a vehicle occupant includes providing a driving medium upon which a vehicle is to be driven; and texturing a portion of the driving medium such that the textured portion interacts with the vehicle to produce audible signals, the textured portion pattern such that a linguistic message is encoded into the audible signals. The systems and methods provide advantages because information can be conveyed to the occupants of the vehicle based on the location of the vehicle relative to the textured surface.

Kisner, Roger A. (Knoxville, TN); Anderson, Richard L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Carnal, Charles L. (Cookeville, TN); Hylton, James O. (Clinton, TN); Stevens, Samuel S. (Harriman, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Passive acoustic fetal heart rate monitoring with a parallel redundance approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustic methods for monitoring fetal heart rate are potentially advantageous over ultrasound methods

Stephen A. Zahorian; Zongyao Zhou; Charles Brewton

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Passive Acoustic Detection of Wind Turbine In-Flow Conditions for Active Control and Optimization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind is a significant source of energy; however, the human capability to produce electrical energy still has many hurdles to overcome. One of these is the unpredictability of the winds in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). The ABL is highly turbulent in both stable and unstable conditions (based on the vertical temperature profile) and the resulting fluctuations can have a dramatic impact on wind turbine operation. Any method by which these fluctuations could be observed, estimated, or predicted could provide a benefit to the wind energy industry as a whole. Based on the fundamental coupling of velocity fluctuations to pressure fluctuations in the nearly incompressible flow in the ABL, This work hypothesizes that a ground-based array of infrasonic pressure transducers could be employed to estimate the vertical wind profile over a height relevant for wind turbines. To analyze this hypothesis, experiments and field deployments were conducted. Wind tunnel experiments were performed for a thick turbulent boundary layer over a neutral or heated surface. Surface pressure and velocity probe measurements were acquired simultaneously. Two field deployments yielded surface pressure data from a 49 element array. The second deployment at the Reese Technology Center in Lubbock, TX, also included data from a smaller aperture, 96-element array and a 200-meter tall meteorological tower. Analysis of the data successfully demonstrated the ability to estimate the vertical velocity profile using coherence data from the pressure array. Also, dynamical systems analysis methods were successful in identifying and tracking a gust type event. In addition to the passive acoustic profiling method, this program also investigated a rapid response Doppler SODAR system, the optimization of wind turbine blades for enhanced power with reduced aeroacoustic noise production, and the implementation of a wireless health monitoring system for the wind turbine blades. Each of these other objectives was met successfully. The use of phase unwrapping applied to SODAR data was found to yield reasonable results for per-pulse measurements. A health monitoring system design analysis was able to demonstrate the ability to use a very small number of sensors to monitor blade health based on the blade's overall structural modes. Most notable was the development of a multi-objective optimization methodology that successfully yielded an aerodynamic blade design that produces greater power output with reduced aerodynamic loading noise. This optimization method could be significant for future design work.

Murray, Nathan E.

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

10

Real-time 3-d localization using radar and passive surface acoustic wave transponders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis covers ongoing work into the design, fabrication, implementation, and characterization of novel passive transponders that allow range measurements at short range and at high update rates. Multiple RADAR measurement ...

LaPenta, Jason Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

results. Download CX-008012: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wave Glider-Based Passive Acoustic Detection System CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B3.16, Date: 01042012 Location(s):...

12

CX-008012: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

012: Categorical Exclusion Determination 012: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008012: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wave Glider-Based Passive Acoustic Detection System CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B3.16, Date: 01/04/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Science, Pacific Northwest Site Office Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) proposes to conduct a proof-of-principle study to develop a wave glider-based passive acoustic detection system for monitoring whale populations (e.g., presence, distribution, relative abundance). Long-term goals of the project include better understanding whale populations to facilitate environmentally responsible development of offshore energy and improving the capability to monitor the world's oceans. CX-008012.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-008181: Categorical Exclusion Determination

13

passive data structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definition of passive data structure, possibly with links to more information and implementations. NIST. passive data structure. (data structure). ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

14

Passive Solar Design  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The difference between a passive solar home and a conventional home is design. Passive solar homes and other buildings are designed to take advantage of the local climate.

15

Passive solar technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present status of passive solar technology is summarized, including passive solar heating, cooling and daylighting. The key roles of the passive solar system designer and of innovation in the building industry are described. After definitions of passive design and a summary of passive design principles are given, performance and costs of passive solar technology are discussed. Passive energy design concepts or methods are then considered in the context of the overall process by which building decisions are made to achieve the integration of new techniques into conventional design. (LEW).

Watson, D

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Parameterizing passive participle movement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

houses bought Finally, the meaning of (25) is not passive,houses burnt in English, it is not: it does not have the structure we are positing for passiveshouses in the present. Ci is completely unacceptable with genuine passives (

Caponigro, Ivano; Schütze, Carson T

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Brief Coordinated passivation designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In two-input (or multi-input) nonlinear systems it may be possible to achieve feedback passivation of a chosen input using the second input (other inputs) to improve the stability properties of the first input's zero dynamics. This 'coordinated passivation' ... Keywords: Nonlinear passivation, Turbocharged diesel engine, Zero dynamics

Michael Larsen; Mrdjan Jankovi?; Petar V. Kokotovi?

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Bowhead whale acoustic activity in the southeast Beaufort Sea during late summer 2008–2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Autonomous passive acoustic recorders were deployed to record sounds of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) in the southeast Beaufort Sea for periods of 30–55 days during the late summer

Russell A. Charif; Ashakur Rahaman; Charles A. Muirhead; Ann M. Warde; James Hall; Cynthia Py?; Christopher W. Clark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Underwater Nonlinear Acoustic Speaker.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this work an acoustic parametric array for underwater use was designed, built and tested. An acoustic parametric array creates a focused beam of sound… (more)

Andersson, Sara

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Acoustic transducer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic transducer is described comprising a one-piece hollow mandrel into the outer surface of which is formed a recess with sides perpendicular to the central axis of the mandrel and separated by a first distance and with a bottom parallel to the central axis and within which recess are a plurality of washer-shaped discs of a piezoelectric material and at least one disc of a temperature-compensating material with the discs being captured between the sides of the recess in a pre-stressed interference fit, typically at 2,000 psi of compressive stress. The transducer also includes a power supply and means to connect to a measurement device. The transducer is intended to be used for telemetry between a measurement device located downhole in an oil or gas well and the surface. The transducer is of an construction that is stronger with fewer joints that could leak fluids into the recess holding the piezoelectric elements than is found in previous acoustic transducers. 4 figs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1997-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Acoustic transducer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic transducer comprising a one-piece hollow mandrel into the outer surface of which is formed a recess with sides perpendicular to the central axis of the mandrel and separated by a first distance and with a bottom parallel to the central axis and within which recess are a plurality of washer-shaped discs of a piezoelectric material and at least one disc of a temperature-compensating material with the discs being captured between the sides of the recess in a pre-stressed interference fit, typically at 2000 psi of compressive stress. The transducer also includes a power supply and means to connect to a measurement device. The transducer is intended to be used for telemetry between a measurement device located downhole in an oil or gas well and the surface. The transducer is of an construction that is stronger with fewer joints that could leak fluids into the recess holding the piezoelectric elements than is found in previous acoustic transducers.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Passive solar workbook  

SciTech Connect

After a case is presented for the use of solar energy, principles of solar kinetics, solar radiation and weather, and heat flow are reviewed and active, passive and hybrid systems are briefly discussed. Site planning, orientation, and landscaping and solar access are covered, as are the design and components of passive solar systems. Calculation methods are presented for determining building heating load profile, auxiliary load profile, and thermal storage capacity. Construction details are given for foundation, wall, and storage insulation, Trombe walls, movable insulation, and shading devices. Passive solar cooling is also covered. Interior applications for passive solar design are discussed and financial considerations are presented. (LEW)

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

NREL: Learning - Passive Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

each side of a tower. The Zion National Park Visitor Center incorporates passive solar design features, including clerestory windows for daylighting and Trombe walls that absorb...

24

Passive solar space heating  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An overview of passive solar space heating is presented indicating trends in design, new developments, performance measures, analytical design aids, and monitored building results.

Balcomb, J.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Acoustic cryocooler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic cryocooler with no moving parts is formed from a thermoacoustic driver (TAD) driving a pulse tube refrigerator (PTR) through a standing wave tube. Thermoacoustic elements in the TAD are spaced apart a distance effective to accommodate the increased thermal penetration length arising from the relatively low TAD operating frequency in the range of 15-60 Hz. At these low operating frequencies, a long tube is required to support the standing wave. The tube may be coiled to reduce the overall length of the cryocooler. One or two PTR's are located on the standing wave tube adjacent antinodes in the standing wave to be driven by the standing wave pressure oscillations. It is predicted that a heat input of 1000 W at 1000 K will maintain a cooling load of 5 W at 80 K. 3 figs.

Swift, G.W.; Martin, R.A.; Radebaugh, R.

1989-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

26

Acoustic cryocooler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic cryocooler with no moving parts is formed from a thermoacoustic driver (TAD) driving a pulse tube refrigerator (PTR) through a standing wave tube. Thermoacoustic elements in the TAD are spaced apart a distance effective to accommodate the increased thermal penetration length arising from the relatively low TAD operating frequency in the range of 15-60 Hz. At these low operating frequencies, a long tube is required to support the standing wave. The tube may be coiled to reduce the overall length of the cryocooler. One or two PTR's are located on the standing wave tube adjacent antinodes in the standing wave to be driven by the standing wave pressure oscillations. It is predicted that a heat input of 1000 W at 1000 K will maintian a cooling load of 5 W at 80 K.

Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Martin, Richard A. (Los Alamos, NM); Radenbaugh, Ray (Louisville, CO)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Acoustic telemetry.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broadcasting messages through the earth is a daunting task. Indeed, broadcasting a normal telephone conversion through the earth by wireless means is impossible with todays technology. Most of us don't care, but some do. Industries that drill into the earth need wireless communication to broadcast navigation parameters. This allows them to steer their drill bits. They also need information about the natural formation that they are drilling. Measurements of parameters such as pressure, temperature, and gamma radiation levels can tell them if they have found a valuable resource such as a geothermal reservoir or a stratum bearing natural gas. Wireless communication methods are available to the drilling industry. Information is broadcast via either pressure waves in the drilling fluid or electromagnetic waves in the earth and well tubing. Data transmission can only travel one way at rates around a few baud. Given that normal Internet telephone modems operate near 20,000 baud, these data rates are truly very slow. Moreover, communication is often interrupted or permanently blocked by drilling conditions or natural formation properties. Here we describe a tool that communicates with stress waves traveling through the steel drill pipe and production tubing in the well. It's based on an old idea called Acoustic Telemetry. But what we present here is more than an idea. This tool exists, it's drilled several wells, and it works. Currently, it's the first and only acoustic telemetry tool that can withstand the drilling environment. It broadcasts one way over a limited range at much faster rates than existing methods, but we also know how build a system that can communicate both up and down wells of indefinite length.

Drumheller, Douglas Schaeffer; Kuszmaul, Scott S.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

LASL passive program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent accomplishments are outlined on the following tasks: (1) solar load ratio for sunspaces; (2) thermal performance of components and buildings; (3) convective loop test; (4) similarity study of interzone convection; (5) evaluation of phase-change thermal storage; (6) off-peak electrical auxiliary heating; (7) passive solar design handbook; (8) program support to DOE; and (9) passive cooling for residences. (WHK)

Neeper, D.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Passive magnetic bearing configurations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A journal bearing provides vertical and radial stability to a rotor of a passive magnetic bearing system when the rotor is not rotating and when it is rotating. In the passive magnetic bearing system, the rotor has a vertical axis of rotation. Without the journal bearing, the rotor is vertically and radially unstable when stationary, and is vertically stable and radially unstable when rotating.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

30

Principles of Passive House  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Principles of Passive House Principles of Passive House Speaker(s): Wolfgang Feist Date: November 1, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Alan Meier The Passive House ("Passivhaus") concept is a rigorous, voluntary energy performance standard for buildings that reduces heating requirements by up to 90% and overall energy use by up to 80% over standard construction. Developed in Germany in the early 1990s and drawing on Super-insulated and Passive Solar ideas from North America and "Low Energy" European building standards, the concept of a building that could be practically constructed to maintain a comfortable interior climate without conventional heating or cooling systems was devised, tested and proven. The Passive House remains comfortable without large "active"

31

Passive solar construction handbook  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many of the basic elements of passive solar design are reviewed. The unique design constraints presented in passive homes are introduced and many of the salient issues influencing design decisions are described briefly. Passive solar construction is described for each passive system type: direct gain, thermal storage wall, attached sunspace, thermal storage roof, and convective loop. For each system type, important design and construction issues are discussed and case studies illustrating designed and built examples of the system type are presented. Construction details are given and construction and thermal performance information is given for the materials used in collector components, storage components, and control components. Included are glazing materials, framing systems, caulking and sealants, concrete masonry, concrete, brick, shading, reflectors, and insulators. The Load Collector Ratio method for estimating passive system performance is appended, and other analysis methods are briefly summarized. (LEW)

Levy, E.; Evans, D.; Gardstein, C.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Signal processing for an acoustically based fetal heart rate monitor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A least?mean?square (lms) linear prediction algorithm has been developed to accomplish detection of fetal heart tones and thereby derive heart rate from a raw signal generated by a previously described passive acoustical sensor array. The desired heart tone signal has a characteristic signature but is of extremely low amplitude and contaminated with noise consisting of large?amplitude maternal heart tones

Robert A. Pretlow; John W. Stoughton

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

ACR-1000 Passive Features  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced CANDU Reactor{sup TM} (ACR{sup TM}) is a Generation III+ pressure tube type reactor using light water coolant and heavy water moderator. The ACR-1000 reactor design is an evolutionary extension of the proven CANDU reactor design. The ACR-1000 incorporates multiple and diverse passive systems for accident mitigation. Where necessary, one or more features that are passive in nature have been included for mitigation of any postulated accident event. This paper describes how the use of passive design elements complements active features enhances reliability and improves safety margins. (authors)

Lekakh, Boris; Hau, Ken; Ford, Steven [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. (Canada)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Passive hybrid sensing tag with flexible substrate saw device  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The integration of surface acoustic wave (SAW) filters, microfabricated transmission lines, and sensors onto polymer substrates in order to enable a passive wireless sensor platform is described herein. Incident microwave pulses on an integrated antenna are converted to an acoustic wave via a SAW filter and transmitted to an impedance based sensor, which for this work is a photodiode. Changes in the sensor state induce a corresponding change in the impedance of the sensor resulting in a reflectance profile. Data collected at a calibrated receiver is used to infer the state of the sensor. Based on this principal, light levels were passively and wirelessly demonstrated to be sensed at distances of up to about 12 feet.

Skinner, Jack L.; Chu, Eric Y.; Ho, Harvey

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

35

PASSIVE DETECTION OF VEHICLE LOADING  

SciTech Connect

The Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Laboratory (DIRS) at the Rochester Institute of Technology, along with the Savannah River National Laboratory is investigating passive methods to quantify vehicle loading. The research described in this paper investigates multiple vehicle indicators including brake temperature, tire temperature, engine temperature, acceleration and deceleration rates, engine acoustics, suspension response, tire deformation and vibrational response. Our investigation into these variables includes building and implementing a sensing system for data collection as well as multiple full-scale vehicle tests. The sensing system includes; infrared video cameras, triaxial accelerometers, microphones, video cameras and thermocouples. The full scale testing includes both a medium size dump truck and a tractor-trailer truck on closed courses with loads spanning the full range of the vehicle's capacity. Statistical analysis of the collected data is used to determine the effectiveness of each of the indicators for characterizing the weight of a vehicle. The final sensing system will monitor multiple load indicators and combine the results to achieve a more accurate measurement than any of the indicators could provide alone.

Garrett, A.

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

36

Hood River Passive House  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

Hales, D.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

RADIATIVE AND PASSIVE COOLING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Passive Cooling Marlo Martin and Paul Berdahl SeptemberNTIS. 3. P. Berdahl and M. Martin, "The Resource for Radia-1978) p. 684. 4. M. Martin and P. Berdahl, "Description of a

Martin, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Passive Acoustic Detection and Measurement of Rainfall at Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall over the ocean is one of the most important climatic parameters for both oceanic and atmospheric science. Traditional accumulation-type rain gauges are difficult to operate at sea, and so an alternate technique using underwater sound has ...

Barry B. Ma; Jeffrey A. Nystuen

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Passive research and practice  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Passive-solar applications in buildings are described and examples are given to illustrate how research in the field has been approached. The major emphasis of the research has been on devising mathematical models to characterize heat flow within buildings, on the validation of these models by comparison with test results, and on the subsequent use of the models to investigate the influence of both various design parameters and the weather on system performance. Results from both test modules and monitored buildings are given. Simulation analysis, the development of simplified methods, and systems analysis are outlined. Passive-solar practice is described and the key elements that have led to successful passive-solar applications are discussed.

Balcomb, J.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Passive solar applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Passive solar applications in buildings are described. The major emphasis of the research has been on devising mathematical models to characterize heat flow within buildings, on the validation of these models by comparison with test results, and on the subsequent use of the models to investigate the influence of both various design parameters and the weather on system performance. Results from both test modules and monitored buildings are discussed. Simulation analysis, the development of simplified methods, and systems analysis are outlined. Passive solar potential in China is discussed.

Balcomb, J.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Method of passivating semiconductor surfaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of passivating Group III-V or II-VI semiconductor compound surfaces. The method includes selecting a passivating material having a lattice constant substantially mismatched to the lattice constant of the semiconductor compound. The passivating material is then grown as an ultrathin layer of passivating material on the surface of the Group III-V or II-VI semiconductor compound. The passivating material is grown to a thickness sufficient to maintain a coherent interface between the ultrathin passivating material and the semiconductor compound. In addition, a device formed from such method is also disclosed.

Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Method of passivating semiconductor surfaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for passivating Group III-V or II-VI semiconductor compound surfaces. The method includes selecting a passivating material having a lattice constant substantially mismatched to the lattice constant of the semiconductor compound. The passivating material is then grown as an ultrathin layer of passivating material on the surface of the Group III-V or II-VI semiconductor compound. The passivating material is grown to a thickness sufficient to maintain a coherent interface between the ultrathin passivating material and the semiconductor compound. In addition, a device formed from such method is also disclosed.

Wanlass, M.W.

1990-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

43

Acoustic Microscopy Applications*  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Figure: ...Fig. 17 A portion of the 160 mm 2 (0.25 in. 2 ) area of an alumina ceramic disk scanned by an acoustic microscope

44

Acoustics by additive manufacturing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study focuses on exploring the merging field of additive manufacturing and acoustics and introduces a new type of sound absorber which is regulating performance… (more)

Setaki, F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Industrialized passive: two case studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modular homes present unique constraints to the incorporation of passive solar concepts. A series of passive soalr modular designs were developed. Two of the designs developed and slated for construction are described here. In particular those characteristics unique to the interface of passive solar design with modular home technology are discussed.

Levy, M.E.; Winter, S.; Marks, R.; Gardstein, C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Passive Sensors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Passive Sensors Passive Sensors Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Passive Sensors Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Passive Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Remote Sensing Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Mineral maps can be used to show the presence of hydrothermal minerals and mineral assemblages Stratigraphic/Structural: Map structures/faults and regional strain rates Hydrological: Map surface water features Thermal: Map surface temperatures Dictionary.png Passive Sensors: Sensors that measure energy which is naturally available in the environment. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle

47

Impedance matched joined drill pipe for improved acoustic transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An impedance matched jointed drill pipe for improved acoustic transmission. A passive means and method that maximizes the amplitude and minimize the temporal dispersion of acoustic signals that are sent through a drill string, for use in a measurement while drilling telemetry system. The improvement in signal transmission is accomplished by replacing the standard joints in a drill string with joints constructed of a material that is impedance matched acoustically to the end of the drill pipe to which it is connected. Provides improvement in the measurement while drilling technique which can be utilized for well logging, directional drilling, and drilling dynamics, as well as gamma-ray spectroscopy while drilling post shot boreholes, such as utilized in drilling post shot boreholes.

Moss, William C. (San Mateo, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Acoustic cooling engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic cooling engine with improved thermal performance and reduced internal losses comprises a compressible fluid contained in a resonant pressure vessel. The fluid has a substantial thermal expansion coefficient and is capable of supporting an acoustic standing wave. A thermodynamic element has first and second ends and is located in the resonant pressure vessel in thermal communication with the fluid. The thermal response of the thermodynamic element to the acoustic standing wave pumps heat from the second end to the first end. The thermodynamic element permits substantial flow of the fluid through the thermodynamic element. An acoustic driver cyclically drives the fluid with an acoustic standing wave. The driver is at a location of maximum acoustic impedance in the resonant pressure vessel and proximate the first end of the thermodynamic element. A hot heat exchanger is adjacent to and in thermal communication with the first end of the thermodynamic element. The hot heat exchanger conducts heat from the first end to portions of the resonant pressure vessel proximate the hot heat exchanger. The hot heat exchanger permits substantial flow of the fluid through the hot heat exchanger. The resonant pressure vessel can include a housing less than one quarter wavelength in length coupled to a reservoir. The housing can include a reduced diameter portion communicating with the reservoir. The frequency of the acoustic driver can be continuously controlled so as to maintain resonance.

Hofler, Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM); Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Acoustical heat pumping engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to an acoustical heat pumping engine without moving seals. A tubular housing holds a compressible fluid capable of supporting an acoustical standing wave. An acoustical driver is disposed at one end of the housing and the other end is capped. A second thermodynamic medium is disposed in the housing near to but spaced from the capped end. Heat is pumped along the second thermodynamic medium toward the capped end as a consequence both of the pressure oscillation due to the driver and imperfect thermal contact between the fluid and the second thermodynamic medium.

Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Los Alamos, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

50

Acoustical heat pumping engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to an acoustical heat pumping engine without moving seals. A tubular housing holds a compressible fluid capable of supporting an acoustical standing wave. An acoustical driver is disposed at one end of the housing and the other end is capped. A second thermodynamic medium is disposed in the housing near to but spaced from the capped end. Heat is pumped along the second thermodynamic medium toward the capped end as a consequence both of the pressure oscillation due to the driver and imperfect thermal contact between the fluid and the second thermodynamic medium. 2 figs.

Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

51

Acoustic well cleaner  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for cleaning the wellbore and the near wellbore region. A sonde is provided which is adapted to be lowered into a borehole and which includes a plurality of acoustic transducers arranged around the sonde. Electrical power provided by a cable is converted to acoustic energy. The high intensity acoustic energy directed to the borehole wall and into the near wellbore region, redissolves or resuspends the material which is reducing the permeability of the formation and/or restricting flow in the wellbore.

Maki, Jr., Voldi E. (11904 Bell Ave., Austin, TX 78759-2415); Sharma, Mukul M. (Dept. of Petroleum Engr. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX 78712)

1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

52

Passive solar design handbook  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Passive Solar Design Handbook, Volume Three updates Volume Two by presenting extensive new data on the optimum mix of conservation and solar direct gain, sunspaces, thermal storage walls, and solar radiation. The direct gain, thermal storage wall, and solar radiation data are greatly expanded relative to the Volume 2 coverage. The needed flexibility to analyze a variety of system designs is accommodated by the large number of reference designs to be encompassed - 94 in contrast to 6 in Volume two - and the large amount of sensitivity data for direct gain and sunspace systems - approximately 1100 separate curves.

Jones, R.W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Passive solar energy for builders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A handbook is presented that is designed to introduce Colorado builders to the possibilities available with energy-efficient, passive solar home construction. Although a wide variety of passive design options exist, only those which can be used in a cost effective manner in Colorado are discussed. The information is presented in four sections: solar fundamentals, passive design overview, design building elements, and builder considerations.

Andrews, S. (comp.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Compact acoustic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a compact acoustic refrigeration system that actively cools components, e.g., electrical circuits, in a borehole environment. An acoustic engine includes first thermodynamic elements for generating a standing acoustic wave in a selected medium. An acoustic refrigerator includes second thermodynamic elements located in the standing wave for generating a relatively cold temperature at a first end of the second thermodynamic elements and a relatively hot temperature at a second end of the second thermodynamic elements. A resonator volume cooperates with the first and second thermodynamic elements to support the standing wave. To accommodate the high heat fluxes required for heat transfer to/from the first and second thermodynamic elements, first heat pipes transfer heat from the heat load to the second thermodynamic elements and second heat pipes transfer heat from first and second thermodynamic elements to the borehole environment.

Bennett, G.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

55

Compact acoustic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact acoustic refrigeration system actively cools components, e.g., electrical circuits, in a borehole environment. An acoustic engine includes first thermodynamic elements for generating a standing acoustic wave in a selected medium. An acoustic refrigerator includes second thermodynamic elements located in the standing wave for generating a relatively cold temperature at a first end of the second thermodynamic elements and a relatively hot temperature at a second end of the second thermodynamic elements. A resonator volume cooperates with the first and second thermodynamic elements to support the standing wave. To accommodate the high heat fluxes required for heat transfer to/from the first and second thermodynamic elements, first heat pipes transfer heat from the heat load to the second thermodynamic elements and second heat pipes transfer heat from first and second thermodynamic elements to the borehole environment. 18 figs.

Bennett, G.A.

1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

56

Space, time and acoustics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the development of new concepts in acoustical analysis from their inception to implementation as a computer design tool. Research is focused on a computer program which aids the designer to visually ...

Thompson, Philip R. Z. (Philip Reed Zane)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Atmospheric Acoustic Minisounder  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved version of a monostatic acoustic minisounder for the investigation of the structure and dynamics of the lower boundary layer, operating at high frequencies and equipped with a specially designed micro-antenna and advanced electronic ...

D. N. Asimakopoulos; C. G. Helmis; G. J. Stephanou

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Compact acoustic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact acoustic refrigeration system actively cools components, e.g., electrical circuits (22), in a borehole environment. An acoustic engine (12, 14) includes first thermodynamic elements (12) for generating a standing acoustic wave in a selected medium. An acoustic refrigerator (16, 26, 28) includes second thermodynamic elements (16) located in the standing wave for generating a relatively cold temperature at a first end of the second thermodynamic elements (16) and a relatively hot temperature at a second end of the second thermodynamic elements (16). A resonator volume (18) cooperates with the first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16) to support the standing wave. To accommodate the high heat fluxes required for heat transfer to/from the first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16), first heat pipes (24, 26) transfer heat from the heat load (22) to the second thermodynamic elements (16) and second heat pipes (28, 32) transfer heat from first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16) to the borehole environment.

Bennett, Gloria A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Spacetime transformation acoustics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recently proposed analogue transformation method has allowed the extension of transformation acoustics to general spacetime transformations. We analyze here in detail the differences between this new analogue transformation acoustics (ATA) method and the standard one (STA). We show explicitly that STA is not suitable for transformations that mix space and time. ATA takes as starting point the acoustic equation for the velocity potential, instead of that for the pressure as in STA. This velocity-potential equation by itself already allows for some transformations mixing space and time, but not all of them. We explicitly obtain the entire set of transformations that do not leave its form invariant. It is in these cases that ATA shows its true potential, allowing for building a transformation acoustics method that enables the full range of spacetime transformations. We provide an example of an important transformation which cannot be achieved with STA. Using this transformation, we design and simulate an acous...

García-Meca, C; Barceló, C; Jannes, G; Sánchez-Dehesa, J; Martínez, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Automatic acoustic guitar tuner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acoustic guitar musicians tune their instruments by using a conventional tuner. Individuals pluck the string and the conventional tuner indicates whether the note is sharp or flat. The musician then has to wind the string ...

Bocanegra, Alfredo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Acoustic imaging system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic imaging system for displaying an object viewed by a moving array of transducers as the array is pivoted about a fixed point within a given plane. A plurality of transducers are fixedly positioned and equally spaced within a laterally extending array and operatively directed to transmit and receive acoustic signals along substantially parallel transmission paths. The transducers are sequentially activated along the array to transmit and receive acoustic signals according to a preestablished sequence. Means are provided for generating output voltages for each reception of an acoustic signal, corresponding to the coordinate position of the object viewed as the array is pivoted. Receptions from each of the transducers are presented on the same display at coordinates corresponding to the actual position of the object viewed to form a plane view of the object scanned.

Smith, Richard W. (Richland, WA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Passive-solar construction handbook  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many of the basic elements of passive solar design are reviewed. Passive solar construction is covered according to system type, each system type discussion including a general discussion of the important design and construction issues which apply to the particular system and case studies illustrating designed and built examples of the system type. The three basic types of passive solar systems discussed are direct gain, thermal storage wall, and attached sunspace. Thermal performance and construction information is presented for typical materials used in passive solar collector components, storage components, and control components. Appended are an overview of analysis methods and a technique for estimating performance. (LEW)

Levy, E.; Evans, D.; Gardstein, C.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

WIPP - Passive Institutional Controls (PICs)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy has developed a program for the development of Passive Institutional Controls to alert future generations to the potential hazards of intersecting the Waste Isolation Pilot...

64

Keyboard acoustic emanations revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the problem of keyboard acoustic emanations. We present a novel attack taking as input a 10-minute sound recording of a user typing English text using a keyboard, and then recovering up to 96% of typed characters. There is no need for a labeled ... Keywords: HMM, acoustic emanations, cepstrum, computer security, electronic eavesdropping, hidden Markov models, human factors, keyboards, learning theory, privacy, signal analysis

Li Zhuang; Feng Zhou; J. D. Tygar

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Keyboard acoustic emanations revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the problem of keyboard acoustic emanations. We present a novel attack taking as input a 10-minute sound recording of a user typing English text using a keyboard and recovering up to 96% of typed characters. There is no need for training ... Keywords: Computer security, HMM, acoustic manations, cepstrum, electronic eavesdropping, hidden markov models, human factors, keyboards, learning theory, privacy, signal analysis

Li Zhuang; Feng Zhou; J. D. Tygar

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

TRANSPARENT HEAT MIRRORS FOR PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Passive Passive Solar Heating Applications StephenHEAT MIRRORS FOR PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING APPLICATIONS StephenMIRRORS FOR PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING APPLICATIONS Stephen

Selkowitz, S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Passive solar heating and analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passive solar heating experience and analysis techniques are reviewed with emphasis on annual auxiliary heat requirement. The role of analysis in the design of passive solar buildings is discussed. Selected results for existing systems are presented for locations in Saudi Arabia and climatically similar locations in the US. Advanced systems in the research stage are described.

Jones, R.W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Temperature initiated passive cooling system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive cooling system for cooling an enclosure only when the enclosure temperature exceeds a maximum standby temperature comprises a passive heat transfer loop containing heat transfer fluid having a particular thermodynamic critical point temperature just above the maximum standby temperature. An upper portion of the heat transfer loop is insulated to prevent two phase operation below the maximum standby temperature.

Forsberg, Charles W. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Temperature initiated passive cooling system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive cooling system for cooling an enclosure only when the enclosure temperature exceeds a maximum standby temperature comprises a passive heat transfer loop containing heat transfer fluid having a particular thermodynamic critical point temperature just above the maximum standby temperature. An upper portion of the heat transfer loop is insulated to prevent two phase operation below the maximum standby temperature. 1 fig.

Forsberg, C.W.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Passive retrofits for Navy housing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A project to assess and initiate passive solar energy retrofits to US Navy family housing is described. The current data base for Navy housing (ECOP), and its enhancement for passive solar purposes options proposed for Navy housing are explained. The analysis goals and methods to evaluate the retrofits are discussed. An educational package to explain the retrofits is described.

Hibbert, R.; Miles, C.; Jones, R.; Peck, C.; Anderson, J.; Jacobson, V.; Dale, A.M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Modularization of passive solar  

SciTech Connect

Ways of modularizing component parts of passive soalr systems for the manufactured housing industry are discussed. Site-filled water mass modules installed in south-facing stud spaces, glazing systems, sun-rooms and roof apertures are being explored and constructed. Even though the houses are being designed without pre-selected sites, they are expected to perform well given the variable deployment of the south-facing wall system. Any facade of the house will be able to accept the sun's energy. While some of the solutions involve specific products and techniques, it is the general conclusion that low-cost, modular solar components can be worked into solar building designs without great regard for the final site. This makes marketing easier and costs lower with the result of more installations.

Maloney, T.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Passive containment cooling system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive containment cooling system includes a containment vessel surrounding a reactor pressure vessel and defining a drywell therein containing a non-condensable gas. An enclosed wetwell pool is disposed inside the containment vessel, and a gravity driven cooling system (GDCS) pool is disposed above the wetwell pool in the containment vessel and is vented to the drywell. An isolation pool is disposed above the GDCS pool and includes an isolation condenser therein. The condenser has an inlet line disposed in flow communication with the drywell for receiving the non-condensable gas along with any steam released therein following a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA). The condenser also has an outlet line disposed in flow communication with the drywell for returning to the drywell both liquid condensate produced upon cooling of the steam and the non-condensable gas for reducing pressure within the containment vessel following the LOCA.

Billig, Paul F. (San Jose, CA); Cooke, Franklin E. (San Jose, CA); Fitch, James R. (San Jose, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Passive containment cooling system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive containment cooling system includes a containment vessel surrounding a reactor pressure vessel and defining a drywell therein containing a non-condensable gas. An enclosed wetwell pool is disposed inside the containment vessel, and a gravity driven cooling system (GDCS) pool is disposed above the wetwell pool in the containment vessel and is vented to the drywell. An isolation pool is disposed above the GDCS pool and includes an isolation condenser therein. The condenser has an inlet line disposed in flow communication with the drywell for receiving the non-condensable gas along with any steam released therein following a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA). The condenser also has an outlet line disposed in flow communication with the drywell for returning to the drywell both liquid condensate produced upon cooling of the steam and the non-condensable gas for reducing pressure within the containment vessel following the LOCA. 1 figure.

Billig, P.F.; Cooke, F.E.; Fitch, J.R.

1994-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

74

Passive Solar Home Design | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Passive Solar Home Design Passive Solar Home Design June 24, 2013 - 7:18pm Addthis This North Carolina home gets most of its space heating from the passive solar design, but the...

75

MODELING PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDINGS WITH HAND CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

time of day for a passive solar house under four differentresponse function for a passive solar house would begin toB(w)/A(w). A good passive solar house w i l l have B/A large

Goldstein, David B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Category:Passive Sensors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Imaging P Passive Sensors S Stereo Satellite Imagery SWIR Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCategory:PassiveSensors&oldid594073" Category: Remote Sensing...

77

MSTC - Microsystems Science, Technology, and Components - Passive...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Info About Us Awards Contacts Doing Business with Us Fact Sheets MESA News Passive wireless sensorsRFIDsTags RFWireless Microsystems Passive sensors interrogated by...

78

Spatial diversity in passive time reversal communications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Song et al. : Spatial diversity in passive time reversaland J. Ritcey, “Spatial diversity equalization applied toSpatial diversity in passive time reversal communications H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Passive Solar Space Heat | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Space Heat Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Passive Solar Space Heat Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titlePassive...

80

Passive blast pressure sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive blast pressure sensor for detecting blast overpressures of at least a predetermined minimum threshold pressure. The blast pressure sensor includes a piston-cylinder arrangement with one end of the piston having a detection surface exposed to a blast event monitored medium through one end of the cylinder and the other end of the piston having a striker surface positioned to impact a contact stress sensitive film that is positioned against a strike surface of a rigid body, such as a backing plate. The contact stress sensitive film is of a type which changes color in response to at least a predetermined minimum contact stress which is defined as a product of the predetermined minimum threshold pressure and an amplification factor of the piston. In this manner, a color change in the film arising from impact of the piston accelerated by a blast event provides visual indication that a blast overpressure encountered from the blast event was not less than the predetermined minimum threshold pressure.

King, Michael J.; Sanchez, Roberto J.; Moss, William C.

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The European Passive House Concept  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The European Passive House Concept The European Passive House Concept Speaker(s): Nabih Tahan Date: January 13, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Nabih will describe the European Passive House concept and modern, home manufacturing methods in Austria. The Passive House is a European standard for a specific way to build a house that consumes very little energy, is comfortable and has a high indoor air quality. It is a cost effective method of building, where conventional heating systems are eliminated, and their cost is reinvested in super insulation, super air-tightness and heat recovery. Free heat generated from electrical and gas appliances and lighting is recycled through the heat recovery ventilator. This results in buildings that consume 80% to 90% less heating energy while constantly

82

Acoustic Imaging Suite  

INL’s acoustic imaging technology improves methods of capturing moving images of a specified object by using a photorefractive effect to produce a full-field image of the object without using a probe to perform a full scan of the object. INL ...

83

Passive solar heating for buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A passive solar energy system is one in which the thermal energy flow is by natural means, that is by radiation, conduction, or natural convection. A survey of passive solar heating experience, especially in the U.S., is provided. Design approaches are reviewed and examples shown. Misconceptions are discussed. Advantages are listed. The Los Alamos program of performance simulation and evaluation is described and a simplified method of performance estimation is outlined.

Balcomb, J.D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

High passive-stability diode-laser design for use in atomic-physics experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the design and performance characterization of an external cavity diode-laser system optimized for high stability, low passive spectral linewidth, low cost, and ease of in-house assembly. The main cavity body is machined from a single aluminum block for robustness to temperature changes and mechanical vibrations, and features a stiff and light diffraction-grating arm to suppress low-frequency mechanical resonances. The cavity is vacuum-sealed, and a custom-molded silicone external housing further isolates the system from acoustic noise and temperature fluctuations. Beam shaping, optical isolation, and fiber coupling are integrated, and the design is easily adapted to many commonly used wavelengths. Resonance data, passive-linewidth data, and passive stability characterization of the new design demonstrate that its performance exceeds published specifications for commercial precision diode-laser systems. The design is fully documented and freely available.

Cook, Eryn C; Brown-Heft, Tobias L; Garman, Jeffrey C; Steck, Daniel A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Near-Real-Time Acoustic Monitoring of Beaked Whales and Other Cetaceans Using a SeagliderTM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ a glider ­ equipped with an acoustic sensor and onboard data processing capabilities to passively scan Collective, Olympia, Washington, United States of America Abstract In most areas, estimating the presence for new, cost- effective tools that allow scientists to monitor areas of interest autonomously with high

Baird, Robin W.

86

Acoustic paramagnetic logging tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth3 s magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation . The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be preformed in open boreholes and in cased well bores.

Vail, III, William B. (Bothell, WA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 4340 of 26,777 results. 31 - 4340 of 26,777 results. Download EIS-0265-SA-170: Supplement Analysis Watershed Management Program http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0265-sa-170-supplement-analysis Download CX-007883: Categorical Exclusion Determination SunShot Initiative: Rooftop Solar Challenge to Induce Market Transformation CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 01/27/2012 Location(s): West Virginia Offices(s): Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007883-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-008012: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wave Glider-Based Passive Acoustic Detection System CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B3.16, Date: 01/04/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Science, Pacific Northwest Site Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-008012-categorical-exclusion-determination

88

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Science | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science Science Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Science Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Science. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD February 9, 2012 CX-008000: Categorical Exclusion Determination Crystal Chemistry of Toxic Metal Sequestration CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02/09/2012 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Science, Chicago Office January 5, 2012 CX-007676: Categorical Exclusion Determination Dynamic Compression Sector (DCS) project at Advanced Photon Source CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 01/05/2012 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Science, Argonne Site Office January 4, 2012 CX-008012: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wave Glider-Based Passive Acoustic Detection System CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B3.16, Date: 01/04/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Science, Pacific Northwest Site Office

89

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 16820 of 28,905 results. 11 - 16820 of 28,905 results. Download Risk Management RM This tool is the process of continuous and iterative identification and control of project risks and opportunities. Risks can be technical, financial, or programmatic. The goal for the risk... http://energy.gov/em/downloads/risk-management-rm Download Leasing of Department of Energy Property Memorandum from Eric Fygi, Acting General Counsel to Jennifer Fowler, Chief Counsel Oak Ridge Operations OfficeMarch 27, 1998 http://energy.gov/lm/downloads/leasing-department-energy-property Download ICAM Workshop http://energy.gov/cio/downloads/icam-workshop Download CX-008012: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wave Glider-Based Passive Acoustic Detection System CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B3.16, Date: 01/04/2012 Location(s): Washington

90

Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. It is constructed from a commercially available, hollow cylindrical piezoelectric crystal which has been modified to tune the resonance frequency of the breathing mode resonance of the crystal to that

91

Passive solar heating of buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Passive solar heating concepts--in which the thermal energy flow is by natural means--are described according to five general classifications: direct gain, thermal storage wall, solar greenhouses, roof ponds, and convective loops. Examples of each are discussed. Passive test rooms built at Los Alamos are described and results are presented. Mathematical simulation techniques based on thermal network analysis are given together with validation comparisons against test room data. Systems analysis results for 29 climates are presented showing that the concepts should have wide applicability for solar heating.

Balcomb, J.D.; Hedstrom, J.C.; McFarland, R.D.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Acoustic Enhancement of Photodetecting Devices  

for suspect materials, to advanced weapons guidance. Using a high Q acoustic resonator, the invention increases the sensitivity of the detectors by an order of

93

Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation andor concentration of aerosols and small liquidsolid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in...

94

Acoustic Character Of Hydraulic Fractures In Granite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydraulic fractures in homogeneous granitic rocks were logged with conventional acoustic-transit-time, acoustic-waveform, and acoustic-televiewer logging systems. Fractured intervals ranged in depth from 45 to 570m. and ...

Paillet, Frederick I.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Acoustics Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acoustics Program Developed to help designers accurately model the sound level reaching building tenant's ears, the Trane Acoustics Program (TAP) "projects" equipment sound power...

96

Passive analysis of TCP anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we focus on passive measurements of TCP traffic. We propose a heuristic technique to classify TCP anomalies, i.e., segments that have a sequence number different from the expected one, such as out-of-sequence and duplicate segments. Since ... Keywords: TCP, Traffic measurements

Marco Mellia; Michela Meo; Luca Muscariello; Dario Rossi

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

MEAN MONTHLY PERFORMANCE OF PASSIVE SOLAR HEATERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PERFORMANCE OF PASSIVE SOLAR WATER HEATERS W. Place, M.PERFORMANCE OF PASSIVE SOLAR WATER HEATERS* We Place, M.The Performance of Solar Water Heaters with Natu)""al

Place, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

HCI gesture tracking using wearable passive tags  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis. a wearable system is developed to track hand gestures with passive RFID sensor tags. This system was composed of an ultra-high frequency reader and small, passive, finger-worn tags powered by scavenged RFID ...

Bainbridge, Rachel M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

The electron geodesic acoustic mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this report, a novel new mode, named the electron geodesic acoustic mode, is presented. This mode can occur in toroidal plasmas like the conventional geodesic acoustic mode (GAM). The frequency of this new mode is much larger than that of the conventional GAM by a factor equal to the square root of the ion to electron mass ratio.

Chakrabarti, N. [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India); Guzdar, P. N. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Kaw, P. K. [Institute for Plasma Research Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Acoustics sound systems for baseball  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustic considerations impact the design of sound systems for baseball stadiums in several important ways. Intrusion by the sound system into adjacent residential communities must often be minimized. Excess attenuation greatly increases the required high frequency component of acoustic power for sound travelling long distances

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

User evaluation study of passive solar residences  

SciTech Connect

Speculation exists regarding the readiness of various passive techniques for commercialization and the market potential for residential applications. This paper discusses the preliminary findings of a market assessment study designed to document user experiences with passive solar energy. Owners and builders of passive solar homes were interviewed and asked to comment on personal experiences with their homes.

Towle, S.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Passive solar energy: climate-adaptive architecture  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Passive solar, climate adaptive architecture uses the following concepts: conservation, sun angles, glass, and thermal mass (passive heating and cooling). Specific measures of these concepts are briefly discussed. Passive solar water heating systems discussed are breadbox and thermosyphon water heaters. (MCW)

Baccei, B.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Opto-acoustic thrombolysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is a catheter-based device for generating an ultrasound excitation in biological tissue. Pulsed laser light is guided through an optical fiber to provide the energy for producing the acoustic vibrations. The optical energy is deposited in a water-based absorbing fluid, e.g. saline, thrombolytic agent, blood or thrombus, and generates an acoustic impulse in the fluid through thermoelastic and/or thermodynamic mechanisms. By pulsing the laser at a repetition rate (which may vary from 10 Hz to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus or treating vasospasm. The catheter can also incorporate thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it can be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control and with optical sensors for characterization of thrombus type and consistency.

Celliers, Peter (Berkeley, CA); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA); Glinsky, Michael (Livermore, CA); London, Richard (Orinda, CA); Maitland, Duncan (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA); Fitch, Pat (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Opto-acoustic thrombolysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This invention is a catheter-based device for generating an ultrasound excitation in biological tissue. Pulsed laser light is guided through an optical fiber to provide the energy for producing the acoustic vibrations. The optical energy is deposited in a water-based absorbing fluid, e.g. saline, thrombolytic agent, blood or thrombus, and generates an acoustic impulse in the fluid through thermoelastic and/or thermodynamic mechanisms. By pulsing the laser at a repetition rate (which may vary from 10 Hz to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus or treating vasospasm. The catheter can also incorporate thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it can be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control and with optical sensors for characterization of thrombus type and consistency.

Celliers, P.; Silva, L. Da; Glinsky, M.; London, R.; Maitland, D.; Matthews, D.; Fitch, P.

2000-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

105

Interior design for passive solar homes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The increasing emphasis on refinement of passive solar systems has brought recognition to interior design as an integral part of passive solar architecture. Interior design can be used as a finetuning tool minimizing many of the problems associated with passive solar energy use in residential buildings. In addition, treatment of interior space in solar model homes may be a prime factor in determining sales success. A new style of interior design is evolving in response to changes in building form incorporating passive solar design features. The psychology behind passive solar architecture is reflected in interiors, and selection of interior components increasingly depends on the functional suitability of various interior elements.

Breen, J. C.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Acoustic Inspection Devices: Detecting the Undetectable  

Acoustic Inspection Devices: Detecting the Undetectable Emerging homeland security threats and increasingly sophisticated adversaries have heightened ...

107

Signal Transmission in Passive Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under rather general assumptions, and in a relatively simple and straightforward manner, it is shown that the characteristics of signals which travel through homogeneous, as well as inhomogeneous, passive media have the principal features usually associated with the phenomena of precursors, as generally follows from more elaborate studies. The simplicity of the present arguments permit analytic studies to be made for a greater variety of media than is normally the case.

John R. Klauder

2004-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

108

Acoustical heat-pumping engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to an acoustical heat pumping engine without moving seals. A tubular housing holds a compressible fluid capable of supporting an acoustical standing wave. An acoustical driver is disposed at one end of the housing and the other end is capped. A second thermodynamic medium is disposed in the housing near to but spaced from the capped end. Heat is pumped along the second thermodynamic medium toward the capped end as a consequence both of the pressure oscillation due to the driver and imperfect thermal contact between the fluid and the second thermodynamic medium.

Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.

1981-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

109

Acoustic Backscatter from Turbulent Microstructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustic backscatter has produced spectacular images of internal ocean processes for nearly two decades, but interpretation of the images remains ambiguous because several mechanisms can generate measurable backscatter. The authors present what ...

Harvey E. Seim; Michael C. Gregg; R. T. Miyamoto

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Forest Products: Acoustic Humidity Sensor  

SciTech Connect

The new acoustic sensor, designed as a humidity-control system for the paper and textile industries, can both eliminate overdrying and improve product quality by measuring humidity precisely. This new fact sheet explains how the process works.

Poole, L.; Recca, L.

1999-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

111

Acoustically Enhanced Boiling Heat Transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An acoustic field is used to increase the critical heat flux (CHF) of a flat-boiling-heat-transfer surface. The increase is a result of the acoustic effects on the vapor bubbles. Experiments are performed to explore the effects of an acoustic field on vapor bubbles in the vicinity of a rigid-heated wall. Work includes the construction of a novel heater used to produce a single vapor bubble of a prescribed size and at a prescribed location on a flatboiling surface for better study of an individual vapor bubble's reaction to the acoustic field. Work also includes application of the results from the single-bubble heater to a calibrated-copper heater used for quantifying the improvements in CHF.

Z. W. Douglas; M. K. Smith; A. Glezer

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

112

Acoustic Characterization of Mesoscale Objects  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the science and engineering performed to provide state-of-the-art acoustic capabilities for nondestructively characterizing mesoscale (millimeter-sized) objects--allowing micrometer resolution over the objects entire volume. Materials and structures used in mesoscale objects necessitate the use of (1) GHz acoustic frequencies and (2) non-contacting laser generation and detection of acoustic waves. This effort demonstrated that acoustic methods at gigahertz frequencies have the necessary penetration depth and spatial resolution to effectively detect density discontinuities, gaps, and delaminations. A prototype laser-based ultrasonic system was designed and built. The system uses a micro-chip laser for excitation of broadband ultrasonic waves with frequency components reaching 1.0 GHz, and a path-stabilized Michelson interferometer for detection. The proof-of-concept for mesoscale characterization is demonstrated by imaging a micro-fabricated etched pattern in a 70 {micro}m thick silicon wafer.

Chinn, D; Huber, R; Chambers, D; Cole, G; Balogun, O; Spicer, J; Murray, T

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

113

Employing the complete acoustical palette in teleconferencing design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prevailing architectural acoustics approach in teleconferencing is “Deader is better” or “No acoustics is better than bad acoustics.” In some situations

Peter D'Antonio

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Iterative equalization and decoding applied to underwater acoustic communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 Shallow Underwater Acoustic Channels . . . . . . . .and Decoding Approach for Underwater Acoustic Commu-Equalization and Decoding of Underwater Acoustic Using Array

Sifferlen, James F.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Passive Solar Home Design | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Solar Home Design Passive Solar Home Design Passive Solar Home Design June 24, 2013 - 7:18pm Addthis This North Carolina home gets most of its space heating from the passive solar design, but the solar thermal system (top of roof) supplies both domestic hot water and a secondary radiant floor heating system. | Photo courtesy of Jim Schmid Photography. This North Carolina home gets most of its space heating from the passive solar design, but the solar thermal system (top of roof) supplies both domestic hot water and a secondary radiant floor heating system. | Photo courtesy of Jim Schmid Photography. What does this mean for me? A passive solar home means a comfortable home that gets at least part of its heating, cooling, and lighting energy from the sun. How does it work?

116

Gap between active and passive solar heating  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The gap between active and passive solar could hardly be wider. The reasons for this are discussed and advantages to narrowing the gap are analyzed. Ten years of experience in both active and passive systems are reviewed, including costs, frequent problems, performance prediction, performance modeling, monitoring, and cooling concerns. Trends are analyzed, both for solar space heating and for service water heating. A tendency for the active and passive technologies to be converging is observed. Several recommendations for narrowing the gap are presented.

Balcomb, J.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Method and means of passive detection of leaks in buried pipes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and means for passive detection of a leak in a buried pipe containing fluid under pressure includes a plurality of acoustic detectors that are placed in contact with the pipe. Noise produced by the leak is detected by the detectors, and the detected signals are correlated to locate the leak. In one embodiment of the invention two detectors are placed at different locations to locate a leak between them. In an alternate embodiment two detectors of different waves are placed at substantially the same location to determine the distance of the leak from the location.

Claytor, T.

1979-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

118

Method and means of passive detection of leaks in buried pipes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and means for passive detection of a leak in a buried pipe containing fluid under pressure includes a plurality of acoustic detectors that are placed in contact with the pipe. Noise produced by the leak is detected by the detectors, and the detected signals are correlated to locate the leak. In one embodiment of the invention two detectors are placed at different locations to locate a leak between them. In an alternate embodiment two detectors of different waves are placed at substantially the same location to determine the distance of the leak from the location.

Claytor, Thomas N. (Woodridge, IL)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Guide to Passive Solar Home Design  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Elements of Passive Solar Design Elements of Passive Solar Design To design a completely passive solar home, you need to incorporate what are considered the five elements of passive solar design: 1. Aperture (Windows) - Windows should face within 30 degrees of true south, and during winter months they should not be shaded from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. The windows in living areas should face south, while the windows in bedrooms should face north. In colder climates, reduce the window area

120

Communication strategy to commercialize passive solar energy  

SciTech Connect

Although certain technical and economic issues remain to be clarified, passive solar market development is increasingly dependent upon communications such as information dissemination, education, training and promotional activities. Target audiences are identified as both recipients and disseminators of passive solar communications. Form and quality of information are discussed in terms of the stages of an innovation adoption decision-making process. Several communication-related barriers which impede the commercialization of passive solar are discussed and general information and education responses are suggested. The paper ends with a statement of precepts which should guide passive solar communication programs.

Wolcott, D. R.; Shoemaker, F. F.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Radio Frequency Identification Tags - Semi Passive (Battery ...  

PNNL developed this semi-passive RF Tag for the Army to detect and locate nightvision goggles in a cluttered ... and boxes it is easier to track and ...

122

Definition: Passive solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

solar Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Passive solar Technology for using sunlight to light and heat buildings directly, with no circulating fluid or energy conversion...

123

WIPP - Passive Institutional Controls (PICs) Images  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PICs Images Passive Institutional Controls PICs Images Permanent Markers | Images from Monument Survey Permanent Markers Earthen Berm The "big picture" Repository footprint Buried...

124

Passive RF Components - Microsystems Science, Technology, and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Passive RF Components Microsystems Home Custom Microsystems Solutions Microsystems R&D Services Capabilities and Technologies Facilities Trusted Microsystems General Info About Us...

125

Rules of thumb for passive solar heating  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rules of thumb are given for passive solar systems for: (1) sizing solar glazing for 219 cities, (2) sizing thermal storage mass, and (3) building orientation.

Balcomb, J.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Demonstrating Passivity and Dissipativity using Computational Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

provides valuable results for analysis of dynamical systems. The notion of passivity is based on electrical J. Antsaklis Department of Electrical Engineering University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, IN 46556 e of Notre Dame ISIS-2013-008 Abstract Passivity and dissipativity are energy based properties of dynamical

Antsaklis, Panos

127

Passive ice freezing-releasing heat pipe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heat pipe device has been developed which permits completely passive ice formation and periodic release of ice without requiring the ambient temperature to rise above the melting point of water. This passive design enables the maximum amount of cooling capacity to be stored in the tank.

Gorski, Anthony J. (Lemont, IL); Schertz, William W. (Batavia, IL)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

The Design of Acoustic Radar Baffles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compact acoustic antenna arrays, commonly used for profiling urban atmospheres, usually require acoustic baffles to minimize reflections from hard objects and to limit the impact of the 2–6-kHz signals on inhabitants. To facilitate optimum ...

C. J. Werkhoven; S. G. Bradley

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Acoustic data transmission through a drill string  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Acoustical signals are transmitted through a drill string by canceling upward moving acoustical noise and by preconditioning the data in recognition of the comb filter impedance characteristics of the drill string. 5 figs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1988-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

130

Acoustic Logs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Acoustic Logs Acoustic Logs Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Acoustic Logs Details Activities (7) Areas (6) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Well Log Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Well Log Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: determine porosity of layers Stratigraphic/Structural: map discontinuities to determine their orientation. Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 1.00100 centUSD 1.0e-3 kUSD 1.0e-6 MUSD 1.0e-9 TUSD / foot Median Estimate (USD): 4.62462 centUSD 0.00462 kUSD 4.62e-6 MUSD 4.62e-9 TUSD / foot High-End Estimate (USD): 16.001,600 centUSD 0.016 kUSD 1.6e-5 MUSD 1.6e-8 TUSD / foot

131

Definition: Passive Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Passive Solar Passive Solar Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Passive Solar Passive Solar techniques include selecting materials with favorable thermal properties, designing spaces that naturally circulate air, and referencing the position of a building to the Sun.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Solar energy, radiant light and heat from the sun, is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, solar photovoltaics, solar thermal electricity, solar architecture and artificial photosynthesis. Solar technologies are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on the way they capture, convert and distribute solar energy. Active solar techniques include the use of photovoltaic panels and solar thermal collectors to harness the energy.

132

Particle analysis in an acoustic cytometer  

SciTech Connect

The present invention is a method and apparatus for acoustically manipulating one or more particles. Acoustically manipulated particles may be separated by size. The particles may be flowed in a flow stream and acoustic radiation pressure, which may be radial, may be applied to the flow stream. This application of acoustic radiation pressure may separate the particles. In one embodiment, the particles may be separated by size, and as a further example, the larger particles may be transported to a central axis.

Kaduchak, Gregory; Ward, Michael D

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

133

Owens Corning Acoustic & Insulation Product Testing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Insulation. [01/T10] ASTM C687 Thermal Resistance of Loose-Fill Building Insulation. Acoustical Testing Services. Accreditation ...

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

134

Acoustic Analysis of Adult Speaker Age  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information about the age of the speaker is always present in speech. It is used as perceptual cues to age by human listeners, and can be measured acoustically and used by automatic age estimators. This chapter offers an introduction to the phonetic ... Keywords: Acoustic analysis, Acoustic correlates, Phonetics, Speaker age

Susanne Schötz

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Acoustic Emission and Guided Wave Monitoring of Fatigue Crack Growth on a Full Pipe Specimen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Continuous on-line monitoring of active and passive systems, structures and components in nuclear power plants will be critical to extending the lifetimes of nuclear power plants in the US beyond 60 years. Acoustic emission and guided ultrasonic waves are two tools for continuously monitoring passive systems, structures and components within nuclear power plants and are the focus of this study. These tools are used to monitor fatigue damage induced in a SA 312 TP304 stainless steel pipe specimen. The results of acoustic emission monitoring indicate that crack propagation signals were not directly detected. However, acoustic emission monitoring exposed crack formation prior to visual confirmation through the detection of signals caused by crack closure friction. The results of guided ultrasonic wave monitoring indicate that this technology is sensitive to the presence and size of cracks. The sensitivity and complexity of GUW signals is observed to vary with respect to signal frequency and path traveled by the guided ultrasonic wave relative to the crack orientation.

Meyer, Ryan M.; Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Watson, Bruce E.; Doctor, Steven R.; Bond, Leonard J.

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

136

Active and passive methods for indoor formaldehyde elimination  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and passive methods for indoor formaldehyde elimination Title Active and passive methods for indoor formaldehyde elimination Publication Type Conference Paper Year of Publication...

137

Calibration of the Ogawa ozone passive sampler for aircraft cabins...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calibration of the Ogawa ozone passive sampler for aircraft cabins. Title Calibration of the Ogawa ozone passive sampler for aircraft cabins. Publication Type Journal Article Year...

138

Category:Passive Seismic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Passive Seismic Techniques page? For detailed information on Passive Seismic Techniques,...

139

Experiments to Evaluate and Implement Passive Tracer Gas Methods...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experiments to Evaluate and Implement Passive Tracer Gas Methods to Measure Ventilation Rates in Homes Title Experiments to Evaluate and Implement Passive Tracer Gas Methods to...

140

Acoustic black holes Matt Visser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acoustic black holes Matt Visser Physics Department Washington University Saint Louis USA Ole Miss you develop a number of use- ful connections between supersonic uid ow and black holes in general is the basis underlying a deep and fruitful analogy between the black holes of Einstein gravity and supersonic

Visser, Matt

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Los Alamos National Laboratory passive solar program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress in passive solar tasks performed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory for FY-81 is documented. A third volume of the Passive Solar Design Handbook is nearly complete. Twenty-eight configurations of sunspaces were studied using the solar load ratio method of predicting performance; the configuration showing best performance is discussed. The minimum level of insolation needed to generate convective flow in the thermosiphon test rig is noted and measured. Information is also included on test room performance, off-peak auxiliary electric heating for a passive home, free convection experiment, monitored buildings, and technical support to the US Department of Energy.

Neeper, D.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Passive Seismic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Passive Seismic Techniques Passive Seismic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Passive Seismic Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(4) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Seismic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Seismic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock unit density influences elastic wave velocities. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural geology- faults, folds, grabens, horst blocks, sedimentary layering, discontinuities, etc. Hydrological: Combining compressional and shear wave results can indicate the presence of fluid saturation in the formation. Thermal: High temperatures and pressure impact the compressional and shear wave velocities.

143

Passive fault current limiting device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive current limiting device and isolator is particularly adapted for use at high power levels for limiting excessive currents in a circuit in a fault condition such as an electrical short. The current limiting device comprises a magnetic core wound with two magnetically opposed, parallel connected coils of copper, a high temperature superconductor or other electrically conducting material, and a fault element connected in series with one of the coils. Under normal operating conditions, the magnetic flux density produced by the two coils cancel each other. Under a fault condition, the fault element is triggered to cause an imbalance in the magnetic flux density between the two coils which results in an increase in the impedance in the coils. While the fault element may be a separate current limiter, switch, fuse, bimetal strip or the like, it preferably is a superconductor current limiter conducting one-half of the current load compared to the same limiter wired to carry the total current of the circuit. The major voltage during a fault condition is in the coils wound on the common core in a preferred embodiment. 6 figs.

Evans, D.J.; Cha, Y.S.

1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

144

Applications of Passive Thin Films  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The physical properties of thin films affect the performance and durability of nearly every solar energy conversion device. Familiar examples of thin films for solar applications are optical materials and protective coatings. Optimized optical properties are key to cost-effective photothermal conversion where individual components must have high absorptance, reflectance, or transmittance. The protection of sensitive substrates from corrosion and/or erosion is essential to ensure adequate component and system lifetime. Such substrates range from photovoltaic materials operating near room temperature to turbine blade structural alloys in hostile environments at very high temperatures (>1,000 degrees C). Although much has been written on particular categories of thin-film materials for solar energy (for example, absorbers for receiver surfaces), to date no one has provided an overview of the spectrum of applications for passive thin films in solar energy. This work is such an overview and also reviews the material state of the art as described in the current literature. Active thin film devices such as photovoltaics and thermoeleetrics are not discussed.

Call, P. J.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Passive environmental temperature control system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Passive environmental heating and cooling systems are described, which utilize heat pipes to transmit heat to or from a thermal reservoir. In a solar heating system, a heat pipe is utilized to carry heat from a solar heat absorber plate that receives sunlight, through a thermal insulation barrier, to a heat storage wall, with the outer end of the pipe which is in contact with the solar absorber being lower than the inner end. The inclining of the heat pipe assures that the portion of working fluid, such as Freon, which is in a liquid phase will fall by gravity to the outer end of the pipe, thereby assuring diode action that prevents the reverse transfer of heat from the reservoir to the outside on cool nights. In a cooling system, the outer end of the pipe which connects to a heat dissipator, is higher than the inner end that is coupled to a cold reservoir, to allow heat transfer only out of the reservoir to the heat dissipator, and not in the reverse direction.

Corliss, John M. (Columbus, OH); Stickford, George H. (Columbus, OH)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Passive solar roof ice melter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An elongated passive solar roof ice melter is placed on top of accumulated ice and snow including an ice dam along the lower edge of a roof of a heated building and is held against longitudinal movement with respect to itself. The melter includes a bottom wall having an upper surface highly absorbent to radiant solar energy; a first window situated at right angles with respect to the bottom wall, and a reflecting wall connecting the opposite side edges of the bottom wall and the first window. The reflecting wall has a surface facing the bottom wall and the window which is highly reflective to radiant solar energy. Radiant solar energy passes through the first window and either strikes the highly absorbent upper surface of the bottom wall or first strikes the reflecting wall to be reflected down to the upper surface of the bottom wall. The heat generated thereby melts through the ice below the bottom wall causing the ice dam to be removed between the bottom wall and the top of the roof and immediately adjacent to the ice melter along the roof. Water dammed up by the ice dam can then flow down through this break in the dam and drain out harmlessly onto the ground. This prevents dammed water from seeping back under the shingles and into the house to damage the interior of the house.

Deutz, R.T.

1981-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

147

Fecundity and reproductive behaviour of Atlantic cod (gadus morhua) using active and passive acoustics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fecundity-size-age relationships in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) for the late 1990s and early 2000s off Newfoundland and Labrador were compared with historical data and with… (more)

Fudge, Susan B. (Susan Beth).

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Site specific passive acoustic detection and densities of humpback whale calls off the coast of California /  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power-law processor[19], is the near-optimal approach to detecting transient marinemarine mammal detection algorithms. Modifications to the standard power-power-law detection algorithm for humpback whale vocalizations”, Fifth International Workshop on Detection, Classification, Localization, and Density Estimation of Marine

Helble, Tyler Adam

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Passive House: A Sustainable Building Concept  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Passive House: A Sustainable Building Concept Speaker(s): Benjamin Krick Date: November 13, 2012 - 11:00am Location: 90-1099 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Christian Kohler This...

150

The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission is one of the first Earth observation satellites being developed by NASA in response to the National Research Council's Decadal Survey. SMAP will make global measurements of ...

Entekhabi, Dara

151

Beamfilling Errors in Passive Microwave Rainfall Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are currently large numbers of rainfall retrieval algorithms based upon passive microwave radiances. Most of these algorithms are physically based in that they use explicit physical assumptions to derive relationships between brightness ...

Christian Kummerow

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Passive cooling program element. [Skytherm system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An outline of the Passive Cooling R and D program element is presented with significant technical achievements obtained during FY 1978. Passive cooling mechanisms are enumerated and a survey of ongoing projects is made in the areas of cooling resource assessment and system development. Results anticipated within the next fiscal year are discussed and the direction of the R and D effort is indicated. Passive cooling system development has centered primarily about the Skytherm system. Two projects are underway to construct such systems in regions having a higher cooling load than the original Skytherm site at Atascadero, California. Component development and commercialization studies are major goals of these two projects and a third project at Atascadero. A two-story passive cooling test module has been built to study radiative, evaporative and convective cooling effects in a structure making use of the thermosiphon principle, but not equipped with a roof pond.

Wahlig, M.; Martin, M.

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Defeating passive eavesdropping with quantum illumination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A two-way protocol for defeating passive eavesdropping is proposed. For each information bit, Alice sends Bob T sec of signal-beam output from a spontaneous parametric down-converter over a pure-loss channel while retaining ...

Shapiro, Jeffrey H.

154

Interior planning of passive solar housing  

SciTech Connect

A study involving 28 Virginia passive solar homeowners was conducted in 1984 to examine their reactions to passive design. The results indicate that a significant source of dissatisfaction was in space planning; the majority of the homeowners had difficulty arranging furniture in the living room. The spatial analysis of the floor plans revealed that the configuration of the open plan and circulation as well as passive design features contributed to these space planning problems. Design guidelines and recommendations that incorporate the research findings are also presented. In terms of other considerations, these homeowners were very satisfied with their passive solar homes. This satisfaction seemed to be related to psychological factors; sunlight, spaciousness, and openness were frequently cited as the most pleasing elements of the designs.

McLain-Kark, J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Passive Solar Design | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

energy in the form of heat in the winter and reject solar heat in the summer. Learn how passive solar design techniques work. Direct Gain Direct gain is the process by which...

156

Energy savings obtainable through passive solar techniques  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A passive solar energy system is one in which the thermal energy flow is by natural means, that is by radiation, conduction, or natural convection. The purpose of the paper is to provide a survey of passive solar heating experience, especially in the US. Design approaches are reviewed and examples shown. Misconceptions are discussed. Advantages are listed. The Los Alamos program of performance simulation and evaluation is described and a simplified method of performance estimation is outlined.

Balcomb, J.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

International comparison of passive solar simulation codes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two software-software comparisons of passive solar simulation codes have been conducted by the Passive Solar Applications Group of the Committee on the Challenges to Modern Society. These exercises have involved the simulation of hypothetical Trombe wall and direct gain buildings located in Madison, Wisconsin. The countries that have participated in the exercise include Canada, Denmark, France, and the United States. All results available at the time of writing are discussed in this report.

Wray, W.O.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Passive Core Decay Heat Removal Performance Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passive decay heat removal systems operate without pumps when normal heat removal systems are not available. Safety is ensured by confirming that an adequate thermal margin is provided to accommodate various operating conditions, design uncertainties, and degradation. Guidelines to ensure adequate thermal performance are provided for three different system configurations.This report introduces utility systems engineers to the design and operation of passive decay heat removal systems and ...

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

159

Passive Safety Features for Small Modular Reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rapid growth in the size and complexity of commercial nuclear power plants in the 1970s spawned an interest in smaller, simpler designs that are inherently or intrinsically safe through the use of passive design features. Several designs were developed, but none were ever built, although some of their passive safety features were incorporated into large commercial plant designs that are being planned or built today. In recent years, several reactor vendors are actively redeveloping small modular reactor (SMR) designs with even greater use of passive features. Several designs incorporate the ultimate in passive safety they completely eliminate specific accident initiators from the design. Other design features help to reduce the likelihood of an accident or help to mitigate the accident s consequences, should one occur. While some passive safety features are common to most SMR designs, irrespective of the coolant technology, other features are specific to water, gas, or liquid-metal cooled SMR designs. The extensive use of passive safety features in SMRs promise to make these plants highly robust, protecting both the general public and the owner/investor. Once demonstrated, these plants should allow nuclear power to be used confidently for a broader range of customers and applications than will be possible with large plants alone.

Ingersoll, Daniel T [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Stream traffic management over an ATM passive optical network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: ATM traffic management, fibre-in-the-loop, passive optical network (PON), service disciplines

Maurice Gagnaire; Sašo Stojanovski

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Quantum entanglement for acoustic spintronics  

SciTech Connect

We consider the entanglement of spins for two electrons contributing to the acoustoelectric current driven by a surface acoustic wave (SAW) in two adjacent narrow channels by calculating their exchange energy (J). The channels belong to an acoustic nanocircuit which comprises a network of quasi-one-dimensional pinched-off channels serving as wires along which SAW quantum dots transport electrons. This is motivated by possible practical applications involving quantum information processing and quantum computers. We calculate J as a function of time as the electrons travel side-by-side in the adjacent channels and as a function of the distance between the centers of the channels. The leakage from the state in which the system is prepared, is calculated. The oscillations in the leakage indicate the probability for the electron system to make transitions between the ground and excited states, or for an electron to hop back and forth between channels.

Gumbs, Godfrey; Abranyos, Yonatan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Hunter College of the City University of New York, 695 Park Avenue, New York, New York 10021 (United States)

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Acoustic horizons in nuclear fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a hydrodynamic description of the spherically symmetric outward flow of nuclear matter, accommodating dispersion in it as a very weak effect. About the resulting stationary conditions in the flow, we apply an Eulerian scheme to derive a fully nonlinear equation of a time-dependent radial perturbation. In its linearized limit, with no dispersion, this equation implies the static acoustic horizon of an analogue gravity model. We, however, show that time-dependent nonlinear effects destabilize the static horizon. We also model the perturbation as a high-frequency travelling wave, and perform a {\\it WKB} analysis, in which the effect of weak dispersion is studied iteratively. We show that even arbitrarily small values of dispersion make the horizon fully opaque to any acoustic disturbance propagating against the bulk flow, with the amplitude and the energy flux of the radial perturbation undergoing a discontinuity at the horizon, and decaying exponentially just outside it.

Niladri Sarkar; Abhik Basu; Jayanta K. Bhattacharjee; Arnab K. Ray

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

163

Cylindrical acoustic levitator/concentrator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. It is constructed from a commercially available, hollow cylindrical piezoelectric crystal which has been modified to tune the resonance frequency of the breathing mode resonance of the crystal to that of the interior cavity of the cylinder. When the resonance frequency of the interior cylindrical cavity is matched to the breathing mode resonance of the cylindrical piezoelectric transducer, the acoustic efficiency for establishing a standing wave pattern in the cavity is high. The cylinder does not require accurate alignment of a resonant cavity. Water droplets having diameters greater than 1 mm have been levitated against the force of gravity using; less than 1 W of input electrical power. Concentration of aerosol particles in air is also demonstrated.

Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM); Sinha, Dipen N. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Solid Rocket Motor Acoustic Testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Acoustic data are often required for the determination of launch and powered flight loads for rocket systems and payloads. Such data are usually acquired during test firings of the solid rocket motors. In the current work, these data were obtained for two tests at a remote test facility where we were visitors. This paper describes the data acquisition and the requirements for working at a remote site, interfacing with the test hosts.

Rogers, J.D.

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

165

Discreet passive explosive detection through 2-sided waveguided fluorescence  

SciTech Connect

The current invention provides a passive sampling device suitable for collecting and detecting the presence of target analytes. In particular, the passive sampling device is suitable for detecting nitro-aromatic compounds. The current invention further provides a passive sampling device reader suitable for determining the collection of target analytes. Additionally, the current invention provides methods for detecting target analytes using the passive sampling device and the passive sampling device reader.

Harper, Ross James (Stillwater, OK); la Grone, Marcus (Cushing, OK); Fisher, Mark (Stillwater, OK)

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

166

Discreet passive explosive detection through 2-sided wave guided fluorescence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current invention provides a passive sampling device suitable for collecting and detecting the presence of target analytes. In particular, the passive sampling device is suitable for detecting nitro-aromatic compounds. The current invention further provides a passive sampling device reader suitable for determining the collection of target analytes. Additionally, the current invention provides methods for detecting target analytes using the passive sampling device and the passive sampling device reader.

Harper, Ross James; la Grone, Marcus; Fisher, Mark

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

167

Passivation of fluorinated activated charcoal  

SciTech Connect

The Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE), at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been shut down since 1969 when the fuel salt was drained from the core into two Hastelloy N tanks at the reactor site. In 1995, a multiyear project was launched to remediate the potentially hazardous conditions generated by the movement of fissile material and reactive gases from the storage tanks into the piping system and an auxiliary charcoal bed (ACB). The top 12 in. of the ACB is known by gamma scan and thermal analysis to contain about 2.6 kg U-233. According to the laboratory tests, a few feet of fluorinated charcoal are believed to extend beyond the uranium front. The remainder of the ACB should consist of unreacted charcoal. Fluorinated charcoal, when subjected to rapid heating, can decompose generating gaseous products. Under confined conditions, the sudden exothermic decomposition can produce high temperatures and pressures of near-explosive characteristics. Since it will be necessary to drill and tap the ACB to allow installation of piping and instrumentation for remediation and recovery activities, it is necessary to chemically convert the reactive fluorinated charcoal into a more stable material. Ammonia can be administered to the ACB as a volatile denaturing agent that results in the conversion of the C{sub x}F to carbon and ammonium fluoride, NH{sub 4}F. The charcoal laden with NH{sub 4}F can then be heated without risking any sudden decomposition. The only consequence of heating the treated material will be the volatilization of NH{sub 4}F as a mixture of NH{sub 3} and HF, which would primarily recombine as NH{sub 4}F on surfaces below 200 C. The planned scheme for the ACB denaturing is to flow diluted ammonia gas in steps of increasing NH{sub 3} concentration, 2% to 50%, followed by the injection of pure ammonia. This report summarizes the planned passivation treatment scheme to stabilize the ACB and remove the potential hazards. It also includes basic information, results of laboratory tests, thermodynamic calculations, process description, and operational parameters, and addresses safety concerns.

Del Cul, G.D.; Trowbridge, L.D.; Simmons, D.W.; Williams, D.F.; Toth, L.M.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Passive tire pressure sensor and method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A surface acoustic wave device includes a micro-machined pressure transducer for monitoring tire pressure. The device is configured having a micro-machined cavity that is sealed with a flexible conductive membrane. When an external tire pressure equivalent to the cavity pressure is detected, the membrane makes contact with ridges on the backside of the surface acoustic wave device. The ridges are electrically connected to conductive fingers of the device. When the detected pressure is correct, selected fingers on the device will be grounded producing patterned acoustic reflections to an impulse RF signal. When the external tire pressure is less than the cavity reference pressure, a reduced reflected signal to the receiver results. The sensor may further be constructed so as to identify itself by a unique reflected identification pulse series.

Pfeifer, Kent Bryant (Los Lunas, NM); Williams, Robert Leslie (Albuquerque, NM); Waldschmidt, Robert Lee (Calgary, CA); Morgan, Catherine Hook (Ann Arbor, MI)

2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

169

Alion Science and Technology / Riverbank Acoustical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... E2179 Laboratory Measurement of the Effectiveness of Floor Coverings in Reducing ... 08/P61] AAMA 1801 Acoustical Rating of Windows, Doors and ...

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

170

Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper Prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory...................................................................... 8 Sound from Wind Turbines .............................................................................................. 10 Sources of Wind Turbine Sound

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

171

DEVELOPMENT OF A LONG WAVELENGTH ACOUSTIC ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... are developing a long-wavelength acoustic flowmeter (LWAF) for accurate, economical measurements of exhaust flows from coal-burning power ...

172

Ricoh Company LTD. Acoustical Testing Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustical Testing Laboratory. ... 143-8555 JAPAN Contact: Mr. Seiji Nakamura Phone: 81-046-292-3871 Fax: E-Mail: seiji.nakamura@nts.ricoh.co.jp ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

173

THE EFFECT OF ACOUSTIC MODULATION ON SPRAY ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... that at full load in liquid injection systems, extra energy or perturbation is ... The acoustic modulation is generated by a piezoelectric crystal driven by a ...

174

Time synchronization for underwater acoustic sensor networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The unique properties of underwater acoustic communications, such as large and time-varying propagation, low and range dependent bandwidth, and adverse operating environment make the synchronization… (more)

Khandoker, Tarik-Ul Islam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Acoustic concentration of particles in fluid flow  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for acoustic concentration of particles in a fluid flow includes a substantially acoustically transparent membrane and a vibration generator that define a fluid flow path therebetween. The fluid flow path is in fluid communication with a fluid source and a fluid outlet and the vibration generator is disposed adjacent the fluid flow path and is capable of producing an acoustic field in the fluid flow path. The acoustic field produces at least one pressure minima in the fluid flow path at a predetermined location within the fluid flow path and forces predetermined particles in the fluid flow path to the at least one pressure minima.

Ward, Michael D. (Los Alamos, NM); Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

176

Passive ventilation for residential air quality control  

SciTech Connect

Infiltration has long served the residential ventilation needs in North America. In Northern Europe it has been augmented by purpose-provided natural ventilation systems--so-called passive ventilation systems--to better control moisture problems in dwellings smaller than their North American counterparts and in a generally wetter climate. The growing concern for energy consumption, and the environmental impacts associated with it, has however led to tighter residential construction standards on both continents and as a result problems associated with insufficient background ventilation have surfaced. Can European passive ventilation systems be adapted for use in North American dwellings to provide general background ventilation for air quality control? This paper attempts to answer this question. The configuration, specifications and performance of the preferred European passive ventilation system--the passive stack ventilation (PSV) system--will be reviewed; innovative components and system design strategies recently developed to improve the traditional PSV system performance will be outlined; and alternative system configurations will be presented that may better serve the climatic extremes and more urban contexts of North America. While these innovative and alternative passive ventilation systems hold great promise for the future, a rational method to size the components of these systems to achieve the control and precision needed to meet the conflicting constraints of new ventilation and air tightness standards has not been forthcoming. Such a method will be introduced in this paper and an application of this method will be presented.

Axley, J.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Definition: Passive solar heating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

solar heating solar heating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Passive solar heating Using the sun's energy to heat a building; the windows, walls, and floors can be designed to collect, store, and distribute solar energy in the form of heat in the winter (and also to reject solar heat in the summer).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Daylighting, Passive Solar, heat, energy References ↑ http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/designing_remodeling/index.cfm/mytopic=10250 Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Passive_solar_heating&oldid=480581" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

178

Passive infrared bullet detection and tracking  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for passively detecting a projectile such as, for example, a bullet using a passive infrared detector. A passive infrared detector is focused onto a region in which a projectile is expected to be located. Successive images of infrared radiation in the region are recorded. Background infrared radiation present in the region is suppressed such that second successive images of infrared radiation generated by the projectile as the projectile passes through the region are produced. A projectile path calculator determines the path and other aspects of the projectile by using the second successive images of infrared radiation generated by the projectile. The present invention, in certain embodiments, also determines the origin of the path of the projectile and takes a photograph of the area surrounding the origin and/or fires at least one projectile at the area surrounding the origin of the path of the projectile.

Karr, T.J.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

179

Load attenuating passively adaptive wind turbine blade  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for improving wind turbine performance by alleviating loads and controlling the rotor. The invention employs the use of a passively adaptive blade that senses the wind velocity or rotational speed, and accordingly modifies its aerodynamic configuration. The invention exploits the load mitigation prospects of a blade that twists toward feather as it bends. The invention includes passively adaptive wind turbine rotors or blades with currently preferred power control features. The apparatus is a composite fiber horizontal axis wind-turbine blade, in which a substantial majority of fibers in the blade skin are inclined at angles of between 15 and 30 degrees to the axis of the blade, to produces passive adaptive aeroelastic tailoring (bend-twist coupling) to alleviate loading without unduly jeopardizing performance.

Veers, Paul S. (Albuquerque, NM); Lobitz, Donald W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Passive infrared bullet detection and tracking  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for passively detecting a projectile such as, for example, a bullet using a passive infrared detector. A passive infrared detector is focused onto a region in which a projectile is expected to be located. Successive images of infrared radiation in the region are recorded. Background infrared radiation present in the region is suppressed such that second successive images of infrared radiation generated by the projectile as the projectile passes through the region are produced. A projectile path calculator determines the path and other aspects of the projectile by using the second successive images of infrared radiation generated by the projectile. The present invention, in certain embodiments, also determines the origin of the path of the projectile and takes a photograph of the area surrounding the origin and/or fires at least one projectile at the area surrounding the origin of the path of the projectile. 9 figs.

Karr, T.J.

1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Passive infrared bullet detection and tracking  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for passively detecting a projectile such as, for example, a bullet using a passive infrared detector. A passive infrared detector is focused onto a region in which a projectile is expected to be located. Successive images of infrared radiation in the region are recorded. Background infrared radiation present in the region is suppressed such that second successive images of infrared radiation generated by the projectile as the projectile passes through the region are produced. A projectile path calculator determines the path and other aspects of the projectile by using the second successive images of infrared radiation generated by the projectile. The present invention, in certain embodiments, also determines the origin of the path of the projectile and takes a photograph of the area surrounding the origin and/or fires at least one projectile at the area surrounding the origin of the path of the projectile.

Karr, Thomas J. (Alamo, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Passive Cooling System for a Vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive cooling system for a vehicle (114) transfers heat from an overheated internal component, for example, an instrument panel (100), to an external portion (116) of the vehicle (114), for example, a side body panel (126). The passive cooling system includes one or more heat pipes (112) having an evaporator section (118) embedded in the overheated internal component and a condenser section (120) at the external portion (116) of the vehicle (114). The evaporator (118) and condenser (120) sections are in fluid communication. The passive cooling system may also include a thermally conductive film (140) for thermally connecting the evaporator sections (118) of the heat pipes (112) to each other and to the instrument panel (100).

Hendricks, T. J.; Thoensen, T.

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

Passive Corrosion Behavior of Alloy 22  

SciTech Connect

Alloy 22 (NO6022) was designed to stand the most aggressive industrial applications, including both reducing and oxidizing acids. Even in the most aggressive environments, if the temperature is lower than 150 F (66 C) Alloy 22 would remain in the passive state having particularly low corrosion rates. In multi-ionic solutions that may simulate the behavior of concentrated ground water, even at near boiling temperatures, the corrosion rate of Alloy 22 is only a few nano-meters per year because the alloy is in the complete passive state. The corrosion rate of passive Alloy 22 decreases as the time increases. Immersion corrosion testing also show that the newer generation of Ni-Cr-Mo alloys may offer a better corrosion resistance than Alloy 22 only in some highly aggressive conditions such as in hot acids.

R.B. Rebak; J.H. Payer

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

184

Optimal adaptive sampling for continental shelf acoustic forecasting.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shallow water acoustic propagation variability is driven by bathymetry and geo?acoustic and oceanographic variabilities. At the shelf?break

Kevin D. Heaney

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Reliable Data Communication and Storage in Underwater Acoustic Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Underwater acoustic communications (UAC) and networking (UAN) are promising paradigms for various oceanic applications. However, acoustic signal transmissions are characterized by long propagation delay, frequency-dependent… (more)

Cao, Rui

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Acoustical properties of drill strings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The recovery of petrochemical and geothermal resources requires extensive drilling of wells to increasingly greater depths. Real-time collection and telemetry of data about the drilling process while it occurs thousands of feet below the surface is an effective way of improving the efficiency of drilling operations. Unfortunately, due to hostile down-hole environments, telemetry of this data is an extremely difficult problem. Currently, commercial systems transmit data to the surface by producing pressure pulses within the portion of the drilling mud enclosed in the hollow steel drill string. Transmission rates are between two and four data bits per second. Any system capable of raising data rates without increasing the complexity of the drilling process will have significant economic impact. One alternative system is based upon acoustical carrier waves generated within the drill string itself. If developed, this method would accommodate data rates up to 100 bits per second. Unfortunately, the drill string is a periodic structure of pipe and threaded tool joints, the transmission characteristics are very complex and exhibit a banded and dispersive structure. Over the past forty years, attempts to field systems based upon this transmission method have resulted in little success. This paper examines this acoustical transmission problem in great detail. The basic principles of acoustic wave propagation in the periodic structure of the drill string are examined through theory, laboratory experiment, and field test. The results indicate the existence of frequency bands which are virtually free of attenuation and suitable for data transmission at high bit rates. 9 refs., 38 figs., 2 tabs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Active and passive solar heating of buildings  

SciTech Connect

An overview of both active and passive solar heating approaches for buildings is presented. Passive solar heating concepts--in which the thermal energy flow is by natural means--are described according to five classifications: direct gain, thermal storage wall, solar greenhouses, roof ponds, and convective loops. Results of simulation analyses are presented for a variety of climates. Active systems utilizing both liquid-heating collectors and air-heating collectors are described. Trends in the recent development of solar heating are discussed.

Balcomb, J.D.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Heterojunction solar cell with passivated emitter surface  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-efficiency heterojunction solar cell is described wherein a thin emitter layer (preferably Ga[sub 0.52]In[sub 0.48]P) forms a heterojunction with a GaAs absorber layer. A passivating window layer of defined composition is disposed over the emitter layer. The conversion efficiency of the solar cell is at least 25.7%. The solar cell preferably includes a passivating layer between the substrate and the absorber layer. An anti-reflection coating is preferably disposed over the window layer. 1 fig.

Olson, J.M.; Kurtz, S.R.

1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

189

Passive Solar Design for the Home  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides homeowners with an introduction to passive solar design, which is also called climatic design. It explains how they can use windows, walls, and floors to collect, store, and distribute solar energy to heat their homes in the winter, as well as reject solar heat in the summer. It includes information on heat-movement physics; basic solar design techniques--direct gain, indirect gain (Trombe walls), isolated gain (sunspaces), and design for summer comfort; window options for passive solar; and design cost.

Krigger, J. [Saturn Resource Management (US); Waggoner, T. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (US)

2001-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

190

Heterojunction solar cell with passivated emitter surface  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-efficiency heterojunction solar cell wherein a thin emitter layer (preferably Ga.sub.0.52 In.sub.0.48 P) forms a heterojunction with a GaAs absorber layer. A passivating window layer of defined composition is disposed over the emitter layer. The conversion efficiency of the solar cell is at least 25.7%. The solar cell preferably includes a passivating layer between the substrate and the absorber layer. An anti-reflection coating is preferably disposed over the window layer.

Olson, Jerry M. (Lakewood, CO); Kurtz, Sarah R. (Golden, CO)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Acoustically enhanced heat exchange and drying apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heat transfer drying apparatus includes an acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber for receiving material to be dried. The chamber includes a first heat transfer gas inlet, a second heat transfer gas inlet, a material inlet, and a gas outlet which also serves as a dried material and gas outlet. A non-pulsing first heat transfer gas source provides a first drying gas to the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber through the first heat transfer gas inlet. A valveless, continuous second heat transfer gas source provides a second drying gas to the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber through the second heat transfer gas inlet. The second drying gas also generates acoustic waves which bring about acoustical coupling with the gases in the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber. The second drying gas itself oscillates at an acoustic frequency of approximately 180 Hz due to fluid mechanical motion in the gas. The oscillations of the second heat transfer gas coupled to the first heat transfer gas in the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber enhance heat and mass transfer by convection within the chamber. 3 figs.

Bramlette, T.T.; Keller, J.O.

1987-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

192

Three-Dimensional Nonlinear Acoustical Holography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nearfield Acoustical Holography (NAH) is an acoustic field visualization technique that can be used to reconstruct three-dimensional (3-D) acoustic fields by projecting two-dimensional (2-D) data measured on a hologram surface. However, linear NAH algorithms developed and improved by many researchers can result in significant reconstruction errors when they are applied to reconstruct 3-D acoustic fields that are radiated from a high-level noise source and include significant nonlinear components. Here, planar, nonlinear acoustical holography procedures are developed that can be used to reconstruct 3-D, nonlinear acoustic fields radiated from a high-level noise source based on 2-D acoustic pressure data measured on a hologram surface. The first nonlinear acoustic holography procedure is derived for reconstructing steady-state acoustic pressure fields by applying perturbation and renormalization methods to nonlinear, dissipative, pressure-based Westervelt Wave Equation (WWE). The nonlinear acoustic pressure fields radiated from a high-level pulsating sphere and an infinite-size, vibrating panel are used to validate this procedure. Although the WWE-based algorithm is successfully validated by those two numerical simulations, it still has several limitations: (1) Only the fundamental frequency and its second harmonic nonlinear components can be reconstructed; (2) the application of this algorithm is limited to mono-frequency source cases; (3) the effects of bent wave rays caused by transverse particle velocities are not included; (4) only acoustic pressure fields can be reconstructed. In order to address the limitations of the steady-state, WWE-based procedure, a transient, planar, nonlinear acoustic holography algorithm is developed that can be used to reconstruct 3-D nonlinear acoustic pressure and particle velocity fields. This procedure is based on Kuznetsov Wave Equation (KWE) that is directly solved by using temporal and spatial Fourier Transforms. When compared to the WWE-based procedure, the KWE-based procedure can be applied to multi-frequency source cases where each frequency component can contain both linear and nonlinear components. The effects of nonlinear bent wave rays can be also considered by using this algorithm. The KWE-based procedure is validated by conducting an experiment with a compression driver and four numerical simulations. The numerical and experimental results show that holographically-projected acoustic fields match well with directly-calculated and directly-measured fields.

Niu, Yaying

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Piezoelectric materials used in underwater acoustic transducers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Piezoelectric materials have been used in underwater acoustic transducers for nearly a century. In this paper, we reviewed four different types of piezoelectric materials: piezoelectric ceramics, single crystals, composites, and polymers, which are widely used in underwater acoustic transducers nowadays. Piezoelectric ceramics are the most dominant material type and are used as a single-phase material or one of the end members in composites. Piezoelectric single crystals offer outstanding electromechanical response but are limited by their manufacturing cost. Piezoelectric polymers provide excellent acoustic impedance matching and transducer fabrication flexibility although their piezoelectric properties are not as good as ceramics and single crystals. Composites combined the merits of ceramics and polymers and are receiving increased attention. The typical structure and electromechanical properties of each type of materials are introduced and discussed with respect to underwater acoustic transducer applications. Their advantages and disadvantages are summarized. Some of the critical design considerations when developing underwater acoustic transducers with these materials are also touched upon.

Li, Huidong; Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.

2012-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

194

Acoustic Environment of Admiralty Inlet: Broadband Noise Measurements  

SciTech Connect

Admiralty Inlet has been selected as a potential tidal energy site. It is located near shipping lanes, is a highly variable acoustic environment, and is frequented by the highly endangered southern resident killer whale (SRKW). Resolving environmental impacts is the first step to receiving approval to deploy tidal turbines at Admiralty Inlet. Of particular concern is the potential for blade strike or other negative interactions between the SRKW and the tidal turbine. A variety of technologies including passive and active monitoring systems are being considered as potential tools to determine the presence of SRKW in the vicinity of the turbines. Broadband noise level measurements are critical for the determination of design and operation specifications of all marine and hydrokinetic energy capture technologies. Acoustic environment data at the proposed site was acquired at different depths using a cabled vertical line array (VLA) with four calibrated hydrophones. The sound pressure level (SPL) power spectrum density was estimated based on the fast Fourier transform. This study describes the first broadband SPL measurements for this site at different depths with frequency ranging from 10 kHz to 480 kHz in combination with other information. To understand the SPL caused by this bedload transport, three different pressure sensors with temperature and conductivity were also assembled on the VLA to measure the conditions at the hydrophone deployment depth. The broadband SPL levels at frequency ranges of 3 kHz to 7 kHz as a function of depth were estimated. Only the hydrophone at an average depth of 40 m showed the strong dependence of SPL with distance from the bottom, which was possibly caused by the cobbles shifting on the seabed. Automatic Identification System data were also studied to understand the SPL measurements.

Xu, Jinshan; Deng, Zhiqun; Martinez, Jayson J.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Jones, Mark E.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

195

Passive safety injection system using borated water  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive safety injection system relies on differences in water density to induce natural circulatory flow patterns which help maintain prescribed concentrations of boric acid in borated water, and prevents boron from accumulating in the reactor vessel and possibly preventing heat transfer.

Conway, Lawrence E. (Allegheny, PA); Schulz, Terry L. (Westmoreland, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Passivity based control of drum boiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a novel state space model for the drum boilers with natural recirculation. This model uses the total mass and energy inventories of the boiler as the state variables, and has an affine structure in the control variables. A passivity ...

Chengtao Wen; B. Erik Ydstie

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process. 8 figures.

Herring, J.S.

1993-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

198

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process.

Herring, J. Stephen (Idaho Falls, ID)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Photodetectors with passive thermal radiation control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new class of photodetectors which include means for passive shielding against undesired thermal radiation is disclosed. Such devices can substitute in applications currently requiring cooled optical sensors, such as IR detection and imaging. This description is included for purposes of searching, and is not intended to limit or otherwise influence the interpretation of the present invention.

Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Dodson, Brian W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

200

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process.

Herring, J.S.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Robust Passive Hardware Metering Ani Nahapetian  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Robust Passive Hardware Metering Sheng Wei Ani Nahapetian ,* Miodrag Potkonjak Computer Science}@cs.ucla.edu ABSTRACT Current hardware metering techniques, which use manifestational properties of gates for ID, and thus the ID used for hardware metering can not be valid over time. Additionally, the previous

Potkonjak, Miodrag

202

Evaluation of passive solar retrofit options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An evaluation framework has been developed which allows for the assessment of the role of passive solar retrofit in the nationwide reduction of conventional fuel use. Three types of analysis are proposed within this framework: the physical/technical capability of the present housing stock to incorporate passive solar retrofit; the economic feasibility of the application of retrofit designs; and the actual market potential or acceptance of these alternative retrofit options. Each type of analysis has specific data requirements and a series of evaluation procedures to help establish estimates of the potential for passive solar retrofit in the present housing stock. The data requirements with their respective sources and evaluation procedures for the first two types of analysis-physical/technical setting and economic feasibility, are examined. A distinction is drawn between community specific case studies and more generalized national assessments. Information derived from these three types of analysis, whether case specific or national in scope, can then be used in an evaluation of potential economic impacts. The establishment of regional economic benefits and costs werve as a measure of the merit or attractiveness of the implementation of a passive solar retrofit program.

Ben-David, S.; Kirchemen, C.; Martin, S.; Noll, S.; Roach, F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling April 24, 2012 - 4:18pm Addthis Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Using passive solar design to heat and cool your home can be both environmentally friendly and cost effective. In many cases, your heating costs can be reduced to less than half the cost of heating a typical home. Passive solar design can also help lower your cooling costs. Passive solar cooling techniques include carefully designed overhangs and using reflective coatings on windows, exterior walls, and roofs. Newer techniques include placing large, insulated windows on south-facing walls and putting thermal mass, such as a concrete slab floor or a heat-absorbing wall, close to the windows. A passive solar house requires careful design and siting, which vary by

204

Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region July 17, 2012 - 1:59pm Addthis Lynn Meyer Presidential Management Fellow, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Passive is not how I would characterize the D.C. area. Ambitious, passionate, and up for a challenge -- now, that more aptly describes the Capital region and the mission of bringing passive houses to the area. A passive house meets rigorous, voluntary energy efficiency standards and requires little energy for heating or cooling. The construction of passive housing is typically more expensive upfront, but owners can recoup their investment through energy savings. Brothers Eric Lin, an interior designer, and Roger Lin, a former real estate attorney, teamed up to build a high end passive house, which just

205

Passivhus Norden 2008 1st Nordic passive house conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Efficiency Heat Pump Water Heater System for Apartment Buildings of Passive House Standard...........57 SESSION 3 for the conference is passive houses and: zero emission, energy scenarios, architecture, solar- and bio energy of architecturally optimised solar roofs

Hansen, René Rydhof

206

Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling April 24, 2012 - 4:18pm Addthis Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Using passive solar design to heat and cool your home can be both environmentally friendly and cost effective. In many cases, your heating costs can be reduced to less than half the cost of heating a typical home. Passive solar design can also help lower your cooling costs. Passive solar cooling techniques include carefully designed overhangs and using reflective coatings on windows, exterior walls, and roofs. Newer techniques include placing large, insulated windows on south-facing walls and putting thermal mass, such as a concrete slab floor or a heat-absorbing wall, close to the windows. A passive solar house requires careful design and siting, which vary by

207

Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region July 17, 2012 - 1:59pm Addthis Lynn Meyer Presidential Management Fellow, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Passive is not how I would characterize the D.C. area. Ambitious, passionate, and up for a challenge -- now, that more aptly describes the Capital region and the mission of bringing passive houses to the area. A passive house meets rigorous, voluntary energy efficiency standards and requires little energy for heating or cooling. The construction of passive housing is typically more expensive upfront, but owners can recoup their investment through energy savings. Brothers Eric Lin, an interior designer, and Roger Lin, a former real estate attorney, teamed up to build a high end passive house, which just

208

Renewable energy technologies for federal facilities. Passive solar design  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy technologies for federal facilities using passive solar designs are presented. More than one million residences and 1, 700 commercial buildings across the U.S. now employ passive solar designs.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Prediction techniques for passive systems' probability of failure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work fits into the wider framework of the on-going debate centered on Passive System reliability. Its aim is to provide insights into the design of a dependable method to evaluate the reliability of Passive Systems. ...

Cavalieri d'Oro, Edoardo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Surface passivation process of compound semiconductor material using UV photosulfidation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for passivating compound semiconductor surfaces by photolytically disrupting molecular sulfur vapor with ultraviolet radiation to form reactive sulfur which then reacts with and passivates the surface of compound semiconductors.

Ashby, Carol I. H. (Edgewood, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Passive background correction method for spatially resolved detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for passive background correction during spatially or angularly resolved detection of emission that is based on the simultaneous acquisition of both the passive background spectrum and the spectrum of the target of interest.

Schmitt, Randal L. (Tijeras, NM); Hargis, Jr., Philip J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

212

A Method for Combining Passive Microwave and Infrared Rainfall Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passive microwave observations of rainfall offer the ability to obtain very accurate instantaneous estimates of rainfall. Because passive microwave instruments are confined to polar-orbiting satellites, however, such estimates must interpolate ...

Christian Kummerow; Louis Giglio

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Passive-Microwave-Enhanced Statistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formulation and testing of an enhanced Statistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction Scheme (SHIPS) using new predictors derived from passive microwave imagery is presented. Passive microwave imagery is acquired for tropical cyclones in the ...

Thomas A. Jones; Daniel Cecil; Mark DeMaria

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Activized Learning: Transforming Passive to Active with Improved Label Complexity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the theoretical advantages of active learning over passive learning. Specifically, we prove that, in noise-free classifier learning for VC classes, any passive learning algorithm can be transformed into an active learning algorithm with asymptotically ...

Steve Hanneke

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Satellite Rainfall Estimation Using Combined Passive Microwave and Infrared Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of a combined infrared and passive microwave satellite rainfall estimation technique is outlined. Infrared data from geostationary satellites are combined with polar-orbiting passive microwave estimates to provide 30-min rainfall ...

Chris Kidd; Dominic R. Kniveton; Martin C. Todd; Tim J. Bellerby

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Passive compact molten salt reactor (PCMSR), modular thermal breeder reactor with totally passive safety system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design Study Passive Compact Molten Salt Reactor (PCMSR) with totally passive safety system has been performed. The term of Compact in the PCMSR name means that the reactor system is designed to have relatively small volume per unit power output by using modular and integral concept. In term of modular, the reactor system consists of three modules, i.e. reactor module, turbine module and fuel management module. The reactor module is an integral design that consists of reactor, primary and intermediate heat exchangers and passive post shutdown cooling system. The turbine module is an integral design of a multi heating, multi cooling, regenerative gas turbine. The fuel management module consists of all equipments related to fuel preparation, fuel reprocessing and radioactive handling. The preliminary calculations show that the PCMSR has negative temperature and void reactivity coefficient, passive shutdown characteristic related to fuel pump failure and possibility of using natural circulation for post shutdown cooling system.

Harto, Andang Widi [Engineering Physics Department, Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University (Indonesia)

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

217

Passive Millimeter-Wave Spectrometer for Remote Chemical Detection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Passive Millimeter-Wave Spectrometer for Remote Chemical Detection Multimedia Nuclear Systems Analysis Engineering Analysis Nonproliferation and National Security Detection &...

218

Advances on structural optimization of neoprene passive vibroisolation devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the identification and evaluation of the operational methods to improve the isolation characteristics for neoprene passive vibroisolation devices. The area of this study is framed by the passive isolation against shocks and vibration, ... Keywords: isolation efficacy, passive isolation, rubber, structural optimization, vibration

Silviu Nastac

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Evaluation of Passive Monitors for Measuring Indoor Radon and Formaldehyde  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passive monitors for indoor air pollutants can furnish a cost-effective alternative to larger, more sophisticated, active monitors. In this study, three passive radon monitors provided sufficient accuracy and precision to support their use in utility measurement programs. However, the marginal performance of a passive formaldehyde monitor indicated the need for a vigorous quality assurance program to quantify its performance.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

H2S molecular beam passivation of Ge(001)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fundamental issue regarding the introduction of high-mobility Ge channels in CMOS circuits is the electrical passivation of the interface with the high-k gate dielectric. In this paper, we investigate the passivation of p-Ge(001) using molecular H"2S. ... Keywords: H2S, High-µ semiconductors, Molecular beam epitaxy, Passivation

C. Merckling; Y. C. Chang; C. Y. Lu; J. Penaud; M. El-Kazzi; F. Bellenger; G. Brammertz; M. Hong; J. Kwo; M. Meuris; J. Dekoster; M. M. Heyns; M. Caymax

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Sparse Multichannel Estimation Algorithm for Cooperative Underwater Acoustic Communication Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: Cooperative Underwater Acoustic Communicationsgain for wireless and underwater network in interference-

Richard, Nick; Mitra, Urbasi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Speaker verification system using acoustic data and non-acoustic data  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for speech characterization. One embodiment includes a method for speaker verification which includes collecting data from a speaker, wherein the data comprises acoustic data and non-acoustic data. The data is used to generate a template that includes a first set of "template" parameters. The method further includes receiving a real-time identity claim from a claimant, and using acoustic data and non-acoustic data from the identity claim to generate a second set of parameters. The method further includes comparing the first set of parameters to the set of parameters to determine whether the claimant is the speaker. The first set of parameters and the second set of parameters include at least one purely non-acoustic parameter, including a non-acoustic glottal shape parameter derived from averaging multiple glottal cycle waveforms.

Gable, Todd J. (Walnut Creek, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA); Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Burnett, Greg C. (Livermore, CA)

2006-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

223

Particle collection enhancement by acoustics  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate pulse combustion induced acoustic enhancement of coal ash agglomeration and sulfur capture efficiency at conditions typical of proposed direct coal-fired turbines. The MTCI proprietary approach results in agglomerates that allow the use of conventional cyclones to achieve very high particulate collection efficiency and eliminates the need for barrier filters which pose concerns regarding durability and economics. The goal of the program is to support the mission of the Department of Energy (DOE) for developing coal-fired combustion gas turbines. The MTCI concept can be packaged either as a hot flue gas clean-up subsystem for the existing combustor island configurations or as an alterative primary pulse combustor island with integrated sulfur capture, particulate agglomeration and capture, alkali gettering and NO{sub x} emissions control.

Mansour, M.N.; Chandran, R.R.; Duqum, J.N. [Manufacturing and Technology Conversion International, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Scaroni, A.W.; Koopman, G.H. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Loth, J.L. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Acoustically enhanced heat exchange and drying apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heat transfer apparatus includes a first chamber having a first heat transfer gas inlet, a second heat transfer gas inlet, and an outlet. A first heat transfer gas source provides a first gas flow to the first chamber through the first heat transfer gas inlet. A second gas flow through a second chamber connected to the side of the first chamber, generates acoustic waves which bring about acoustical coupling of the first and second gases in the acoustically augmented first chamber. The first chamber may also include a material inlet for receiving material to be dried, in which case the gas outlet serves as a dried material and gas outlet.

Bramlette, T. Tazwell (Livermore, CA); Keller, Jay O. (Oakland, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Copper vapor laser acoustic thermometry system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A copper vapor laser (CVL) acoustic thermometry system is disclosed. The invention couples an acoustic pulse a predetermined distance into a laser tube by means of a transducer and an alumina rod such that an echo pulse is returned along the alumina rod to the point of entry. The time differential between the point of entry of the acoustic pulse into the laser tube and the exit of the echo pulse is related to the temperature at the predetermined distance within the laser tube. This information is processed and can provide an accurate indication of the average temperature within the laser tube.

Galkowski, J.J.

1986-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

226

Passively damped vibration welding system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vibration welding system includes a controller, welding horn, an anvil, and a passive damping mechanism (PDM). The controller generates an input signal having a calibrated frequency. The horn vibrates in a desirable first direction at the calibrated frequency in response to the input signal to form a weld in a work piece. The PDM is positioned with respect to the system, and substantially damps or attenuates vibration in an undesirable second direction. A method includes connecting the PDM having calibrated properties and a natural frequency to an anvil of an ultrasonic welding system. Then, an input signal is generated using a weld controller. The method includes vibrating a welding horn in a desirable direction in response to the input signal, and passively damping vibration in an undesirable direction using the PDM.

Tan, Chin-An; Kang, Bongsu; Cai, Wayne W.; Wu, Tao

2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

227

Passive load control for large wind turbines.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind energy research activities at Sandia National Laboratories focus on developing large rotors that are lighter and more cost-effective than those designed with current technologies. Because gravity scales as the cube of the blade length, gravity loads become a constraining design factor for very large blades. Efforts to passively reduce turbulent loading has shown significant potential to reduce blade weight and capture more energy. Research in passive load reduction for wind turbines began at Sandia in the late 1990's and has moved from analytical studies to blade applications. This paper discusses the test results of two Sandia prototype research blades that incorporate load reduction techniques. The TX-100 is a 9-m long blade that induces bend-twist coupling with the use of off-axis carbon in the skin. The STAR blade is a 27-m long blade that induces bend-twist coupling by sweeping the blade in a geometric fashion.

Ashwill, Thomas D.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Passive Network Tomography Using Bayesian Inference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, we investigate the problem of identifying lossy links in the interior of the Internet by passively observing the end-to-end performance of existing traffic between a server and its clients. This is in contrast to the previous work on network tomography (e.g., [1]) that has been based on active probing. The key advantage of a passive approach is that it does not introduce wasteful traffic which might perturb the object of inference, i.e., the link loss rates. Moreover, our techniques depend only on knowing the number of lost and successful packets sent to each client rather than the exact loss sequence required by previous techniques such as [1]. While accuracy of link loss rate inference may consequently suffer, our techniques can still pinpoint the trouble spots in the network (e.g., highly lossy links)

Venkata N. Padmanabhan; Lili Qiu; Helen J. Wang

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Passive heat transfer means for nuclear reactors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved passive cooling arrangement is disclosed for maintaining adjacent or related components of a nuclear reactor within specified temperature differences. Specifically, heat pipes are operatively interposed between the components, with the vaporizing section of the heat pipe proximate the hot component operable to cool it and the primary condensing section of the heat pipe proximate the other and cooler component operable to heat it. Each heat pipe further has a secondary condensing section that is located outwardly beyond the reactor confinement and in a secondary heat sink, such as air ambient the containment, that is cooler than the other reactor component. Means such as shrouding normally isolated the secondary condensing section from effective heat transfer with the heat sink, but a sensor responds to overheat conditions of the reactor to open the shrouding, which thereby increases the cooling capacity of the heat pipe. By having many such heat pipes, an emergency passive cooling system is defined that is operative without electrical power.

Burelbach, James P. (Glen Ellyn, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Passive Tracer Gas Methods to Measure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experiments to Evaluate and Implement Experiments to Evaluate and Implement Passive Tracer Gas Methods to Measure Ventilation Rates in Homes Melissa Lunden, David Faulkner, Elizabeth Heredia, Sebastian Cohn, Darryl Dickerhoff, Federico Noris, Jennifer Logue, Toshifumi Hotchi, Brett Singer and Max H. Sherman Environmental Energy Technologies Division October 2012 LBNL-5984E 2 Disclaimer: This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States

231

Passive magnetic bearings for vehicular electromechanical batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the design of a passive magnetic bearing system to be used in electromechanical batteries (flywheel energy storage modules) suitable for vehicular use. One or two such EMB modules might, for example, be employed in a hybrid-electric automobile, providing efficient means for power peaking, i.e., for handling acceleration and regenerative braking power demands at high power levels. The bearing design described herein will be based on a ''dual-mode'' operating regime.

Post, R

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Passively cooled direct drive wind turbine  

SciTech Connect

A wind turbine is provided that passively cools an electrical generator. The wind turbine includes a plurality of fins arranged peripherally around a generator house. Each of the fins being oriented at an angle greater than zero degrees to allow parallel flow of air over the fin. The fin is further tapered to allow a constant portion of the fin to extend beyond the air stream boundary layer. Turbulence initiators on the nose cone further enhance heat transfer at the fins.

Costin, Daniel P. (Chelsea, VT)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

233

Passive energy dump for superconducting coil protection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The patent describes a passive resistance type energy dump for the protection of the coils of a superconducting magnet. Insertion heaters are immersed in a rigid container filled with a fusible alloy. The energy dump is connected across the coils of the superconducting magnet wherein individual heater elements are connected singly to the windings or otherwise according to the energy dumping requirements upon transition of the magnet to a normal state.

Luton, J.N. Jr.

1973-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

234

Passive Solar Building Design Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Solar Building Design Basics Passive Solar Building Design Basics Passive Solar Building Design Basics July 30, 2013 - 3:20pm Addthis The difference between a passive solar home and a conventional home is design. Passive solar homes and other buildings are designed to take advantage of the local climate. Passive solar design-also known as climatic design-involves using a building's windows, walls, and floors to collect, store, and distribute solar energy in the form of heat in the winter and reject solar heat in the summer. Learn how passive solar design techniques work. Direct Gain Direct gain is the process by which sunlight directly enters a building through the windows and is absorbed and temporarily stored in massive floors or walls. Indirect Gain Indirect gain is the process by which the sun warms a heat storage

235

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Acoustics Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acoustics Program Acoustics Program Developed to help designers accurately model the sound level reaching building tenant's ears, the Trane Acoustics Program (TAP) "projects" equipment sound power data through the surroundings (e.g., floors, ductwork, walls), to estimate the sound level that will be heard. Industry-standard calculations published by ASHRAE's 1991 Algorithms for HVAC Acoustics handbook are the basis for this estimate. In TAP, you can model the conditions of an HVAC system by choosing specific equipment and building component criteria. TAP will analyze the sound path and calculate the total effect for the enclosed space. You can continuously adjust the data and system design criteria to compare the results effortlessly. TAP will even plot presentation quality graphs of

236

Errors in Radio Acoustic Sounding of Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the use of simultaneous correction for radial wind, the accuracy of radio acoustic sounding systems for the measurement of temperature has been substantially improved. The temperature accuracy can now be affected by a number of factors that ...

Wayne M. Angevine; W. L. Ecklund

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Audioptimization : global-based acoustic design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acoustic design is a difficult problem, because the human perception of sound depends on such things as decibel level, direction of propagation, and attenuation over time, none of which are tangible or visible. The advent ...

Monks, Michael Christopher, 1958-

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

An Acoustic Doppler and Electromagnetic Velocity Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A freely failing current meter called the Absolute Velocity Profiler (AVP) is described. This profiler is an expansion of a previously developed instrument, the Electro-Magnetic Velocity Profiler (EMVP), with the additional capability of acoustic ...

Thomas B. Sanford; Robert G. Driver; John H. Dunlap

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Scattering of ion-acoustic solitons  

SciTech Connect

A series of experiments is described that is designed to ascertain the properties of the scattering of planar ion-acoustic solitons from objects of various shapes. The scattered solitons are compared with those radiated from the same objects.

Raychaudhuri, S.; Chang, H.; Tsikis, E.K.; Lonngren, K.E.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Global Ocean Warming: An Acoustic Measure?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Explosions of 300 lbs of TNT at 1 km depth off Perth, Australia were recorded on Bermuda hydrophones, demonstrating 30 years age the feasibility of global acoustic transmissions. Climate-induced changes in ocean temperature (and hence in sound ...

W. H. Munk; A. M. G. Forbes

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Underwater acoustic MIMO OFDM: an experimental analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is analyzed on an experimental shallow water acoustic channel. Different modulation levels, numbers of subcarriers and ...

Palou Visa, Guillem

242

Comparative economics of passive and active systems  

SciTech Connect

As the interest in solar energy applications for residential space heating grows, it becomes imperative to evaluate the economic performance of alternative designs. One passive design is concentrated on--the thermal mass storage wall. The economic performance of this design is examined and subsequently contrasted with one active design--the air collector/rock storage system. Architectural design criteria, solar performance characteristics, and the incremental solar cost of each design is briefly reviewed. Projections of conventional energy prices are discussed, along with the optimal sizing/feasibility criterion employed in the economic performance analysis. In addition, the effects of two incentive proposals--income tax credits and low interest loans--upon each design are examined. Results are reported on a state-by-state basis for the U.S., with major conclusions summarized for each design. It is generally the case that incentives greatly enhance the economics of both system designs, although the contrast is greater for the passive design. Also, against the less expensive conventional fuels (natural gas and heating oil) the passive design was shown to offer a more cost effective alternative than the active system for most states.

Roach, F.; Noll, S.; Ben-David, S.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Eighth national passive solar conference. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Eighth National Passive Solar Conference was held near Santa Fe, New Mexico at the Glorieta Conference Center on September 5 to 11, 1983. Nearly 900 people from all across the nation and the world attended the conference. Close to 200 technical papers were presented, 50 solar product exhibits were available; 34 poster sessions were presented; 16 solar workshops were conducted; 10 renowned solar individuals participated in rendezvous sessions; 7 major addresses were delivered; 5 solar home tours were conducted; 2 emerging architecture sessions were held which included 21 separate presentations; and commercial product presentations were given for the first time ever at a national passive solar conference. Peter van Dresser of Santa Fe received the prestigious Passive Solar Pioneer Award, posthumously, from the American Solar Energy Society and Benjamin T. Buck Rogers of Embudo received the prestigious Peter van Dresser Award from the New Mexico Solar Energy Association. This report reviews conference organization, attendance, finances, conference evaluation form results, and includes press coverage samples, selected conference photos courtesy of Marshall Tyler, and a summary with recommendations for future conferences. The Appendices included conference press releases and a report by the New Mexico Solar Industry Development Corporation on exhibits management.

Owen, A.; Zee, R.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

User participation in passive solar housing design  

SciTech Connect

A field study was conducted in 1984 in order to compare the characteristics, lifestyle, attitudes, and behavioral adaptations of two groups of passive solar homeowners, those with high or low levels of participation in the design and/or building process. Forty-one Virginia passive solar homeowners were surveyed and interviewed in their home. Photographic slides and floor plans with furniture layout were also analyzed. The results indicate that the owner-built homeowners or those with high participation in design and/or building were older, more educated, and were more involved in community affairs than the low participation homeowners. They also were more involved in maintenance tasks, more likely to engage in a voluntary simplicity lifestyle, and more energy conserving. The owner-builders too had a higher level of satisfaction with their home. The majority of the homeowners expressed dissatisfaction with the flexibility of arranging furniture in the open plan. An analysis of the floor plans revealed that three factors were contributing to the problems: zones, circulation/furniture arrangement, and passive elements.

McLain-Kark, J.H.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Stable surface passivation process for compound semiconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passivation process for a previously sulfided, selenided or tellurated III-V compound semiconductor surface. The concentration of undesired mid-gap surface states on a compound semiconductor surface is reduced by the formation of a near-monolayer of metal-(sulfur and/or selenium and/or tellurium)-semiconductor that is effective for long term passivation of the underlying semiconductor surface. Starting with the III-V compound semiconductor surface, any oxidation present thereon is substantially removed and the surface is then treated with sulfur, selenium or tellurium to form a near-monolayer of chalcogen-semiconductor of the surface in an oxygen-free atmosphere. This chalcogenated surface is then contacted with a solution of a metal that will form a low solubility chalcogenide to form a near-monolayer of metal-chalcogen-semiconductor. The resulting passivating layer provides long term protection for the underlying surface at or above the level achieved by a freshly chalcogenated compound semiconductor surface in an oxygen free atmosphere.

Ashby, Carol I. H. (Edgewood, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Acoustic Energy Storage in Single Bubble Sonoluminescence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single bubble sonoluminescence is understood in terms of a shock focusing towards the bubble center. We present a mechanism for significantly enhancing the effect of shock focusing, arising from the storage of energy in the acoustic modes of the gas. The modes with strongest coupling are not spherically symmetric. The storage of acoustic energy gives a framework for understanding how light intensities depend so strongly on ambient gases and liquids and suggests that the light intensities of successive flashes are highly correlated.

Michael P. Brenner; Sascha Hilgenfeldt; Detlef Lohse; Rodolfo R. Rosales

1996-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

247

Tunable damper for an acoustic wave guide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A damper for tunably damping acoustic waves in an ultrasonic waveguide is provided which may be used in a hostile environment such as a nuclear reactor. The area of the waveguide, which may be a selected size metal rod in which acoustic waves are to be damped, is wrapped, or surrounded, by a mass of stainless steel wool. The wool wrapped portion is then sandwiched between tuning plates, which may also be stainless steel, by means of clamping screws which may be adjusted to change the clamping force of the sandwiched assembly along the waveguide section. The plates are preformed along their length in a sinusoidally bent pattern with a period approximately equal to the acoustic wavelength which is to be damped. The bent pattern of the opposing plates are in phase along their length relative to their sinusoidal patterns so that as the clamping screws are tightened a bending stress is applied to the waveguide at 180/sup 0/ intervals along the damping section to oppose the acoustic wave motions in the waveguide and provide good coupling of the wool to the guide. The damper is tuned by selectively tightening the clamping screws while monitoring the amplitude of the acoustic waves launched in the waveguide. It may be selectively tuned to damp particular acoustic wave modes (torsional or extensional, for example) and/or frequencies while allowing others to pass unattenuated.

Rogers, S.C.

1982-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

248

Tunable damper for an acoustic wave guide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A damper for tunably damping acoustic waves in an ultrasonic waveguide is provided which may be used in a hostile environment such as a nuclear reactor. The area of the waveguide, which may be a selected size metal rod in which acoustic waves are to be damped, is wrapped, or surrounded, by a mass of stainless steel wool. The wool wrapped portion is then sandwiched between tuning plates, which may also be stainless steel, by means of clamping screws which may be adjusted to change the clamping force of the sandwiched assembly along the waveguide section. The plates are preformed along their length in a sinusoidally bent pattern with a period approximately equal to the acoustic wavelength which is to be damped. The bent pattern of the opposing plates are in phase along their length relative to their sinusoidal patterns so that as the clamping screws are tightened a bending stress is applied to the waveguide at 180.degree. intervals along the damping section to oppose the acoustic wave motions in the waveguide and provide good coupling of the wool to the guide. The damper is tuned by selectively tightening the clamping screws while monitoring the amplitude of the acoustic waves launched in the waveguide. It may be selectively tuned to damp particular acoustic wave modes (torsional or extensional, for example) and/or frequencies while allowing others to pass unattenuated.

Rogers, Samuel C. (Knoxville, TN)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Apparatus for separating particles utilizing engineered acoustic contrast capture particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for separating particles from a medium includes a capillary defining a flow path therein that is in fluid communication with a medium source. The medium source includes engineered acoustic contrast capture particle having a predetermined acoustic contrast. The apparatus includes a vibration generator that is operable to produce at least one acoustic field within the flow path. The acoustic field produces a force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles and a force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles in the flow path and drives the engineered acoustic contrast capture particles to either the force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles or the force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles.

Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM); Ward, Michael D. (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

250

Passive solar progress: a simplified guide to the 3rd national passive solar conference  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Some of the concepts and practices that have come to be known as passive solar heating and cooling are introduced, and a current picture of the field is presented. Much of the material presented is derived from papers given at the 3rd National Passive Solar Conference held in San Jose, California in January 1979 and sponsored by the US Department of Energy. Extracts and data from these papers have been integrated in the text with explanatory and descriptive material. In this way, it is attempted to present technical information in an introductory context. Topics include design considerations, passive and hybrid systems and applications, sizing methods and performance prediction, and implementation issues. A glossary is included. (WHK)

Miller, H.; Howell, Y.; Richards, D.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics ACHIEVABLE RATES OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC OFDM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics ACHIEVABLE RATES OF UNDERWATER-Telecom, Telecom Bretagne, UMR CNRS 6285 Lab-STICC, Ueb, Brest, France J.-M. Passerieux Thales Underwater Systems maintaining acceptable data rates, remains one of the major difficulty faced by underwater acoustic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

252

Imaging of Acoustic Waves in Sand  

SciTech Connect

There is considerable interest in detecting objects such as landmines shallowly buried in loose earth or sand. Various techniques involving microwave, acoustic, thermal and magnetic sensors have been used to detect such objects. Acoustic and microwave sensors have shown promise, especially if used together. In most cases, the sensor package is scanned over an area to eventually build up an image or map of anomalies. We are proposing an alternate, acoustic method that directly provides an image of acoustic waves in sand or soil, and their interaction with buried objects. The INEEL Laser Ultrasonic Camera utilizes dynamic holography within photorefractive recording materials. This permits one to image and demodulate acoustic waves on surfaces in real time, without scanning. A video image is produced where intensity is directly and linearly proportional to surface motion. Both specular and diffusely reflecting surfaces can be accomodated and surface motion as small as 0.1 nm can be quantitatively detected. This system was used to directly image acoustic surface waves in sand as well as in solid objects. Waves as frequencies of 16 kHz were generated using modified acoustic speakers. These waves were directed through sand toward partially buried objects. The sand container was not on a vibration isolation table, but sat on the lab floor. Interaction of wavefronts with buried objects showed reflection, diffraction and interference effects that could provide clues to location and characteristics of buried objects. Although results are preliminary, success in this effort suggests that this method could be applied to detection of buried landmines or other near-surface items such as pipes and tanks.

Deason, Vance Albert; Telschow, Kenneth Louis; Watson, Scott Marshall

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Method and apparatus of spectro-acoustically enhanced ultrasonic detection for diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

An apparatus for detecting a discontinuity in a material includes a source of electromagnetic radiation has a wavelength and an intensity sufficient to induce an enhancement in contrast between a manifestation of an acoustic property in the material and of the acoustic property in the discontinuity, as compared to when the material is not irradiated by the electromagnetic radiation. An acoustic emitter directs acoustic waves to the discontinuity in the material. The acoustic waves have a sensitivity to the acoustic property. An acoustic receiver receives the acoustic waves generated by the acoustic emitter after the acoustic waves have interacted with the material and the discontinuity. The acoustic receiver also generates a signal representative of the acoustic waves received by the acoustic receiver. A processor, in communication with the acoustic receiver and responsive to the signal generated by the acoustic receiver, is programmed to generate informational output about the discontinuity based on the signal generated by the acoustic receiver.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Norton, Stephen J. (Raleigh, NC)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Optimization of Concurrent Deployments of the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System and Other Hydroacoustic Equipment at John Day Dam  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document the results of the acoustic optimization study conducted at John Day Dam during January and February 2008. The goal of the study was to optimize performance of the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) by determining deployment and data acquisition methods to minimize electrical and acoustic interference from various other acoustic sampling devices. Thereby, this would allow concurrent sampling by active and passive acoustic methods during the formal evaluations of the prototype surface flow outlets at the dam during spring and summer outmigration seasons for juvenile salmonids. The objectives for the optimization study at John Day Dam were to: 1. Design and test prototypes and provide a total needs list of pipes and trolleys to deploy JSATS hydrophones on the forebay face of the powerhouse and spillway. 2. Assess the effect on mean percentage decoded of JSATS transmissions from tags arrayed in the forebay and detected on the hydrophones by comparing: turbine unit OFF vs. ON; spill bay OPEN vs. CLOSED; dual frequency identification sonar (DIDSON) and acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) both OFF vs. ON at a spill bay; and, fixed-aspect hydroacoustic system OFF vs. ON at a turbine unit and a spill bay. 3. Determine the relationship between fixed-aspect hydroacoustic transmit level and mean percentage of JSATS transmissions decoded. The general approach was to use hydrophones to listen for transmissions from JSATS tags deployed in vertical arrays in a series perpendicular to the face of the dam. We used acoustic telemetry equipment manufactured by Technologic and Sonic Concepts. In addition, we assessed old and new JSATS signal detectors and decoders and two different types of hydrophone baffling. The optimization study consisted of a suite of off/on tests. The primary response variable was mean percentage of tag transmissions decoded. We found that there was no appreciable adverse effect on mean percentage decoded for JSATS transmitters from: turbine operations; spillway operations; DIDSON/ADCP acoustic energy; and PAS hydroacoustic systems at transmit level of -12 dB, although there was a significant impact at all higher transmit levels (-11 to -6 dB). The main conclusion from this optimization study is that valid JSATS telemetry data can be collected simultaneously with a DIDSON/ADCP and a PAS hydroacoustic system at transmit level -12 dB. Multiple evaluation tools should be considered to increase the robustness and thoroughness of future fish passage evaluations at John Day and other dams.

Ploskey, Gene R.; Hughes, James S.; Khan, Fenton; Kim, Jina; Lamarche, Brian L.; Johnson, Gary E.; Choi, Eric Y.; Faber, Derrek M.; Wilberding, Matthew C.; Deng, Zhiqun; Weiland, Mark A.; Zimmerman, Shon A.; Fischer, Eric S.; Cushing, Aaron W.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

SOLCOST-PASSIVE solar energy design program: User's Guide  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The SOLCOST-PASSIVE solar energy design program is a public domain interactive computer design tool intended for use by non-thermal specialists to size passive solar systems with a methodology based on the Los Alamos Solar Load Ratio method. A life cycle savings analysis is included in the program. An overview of SOLCOST-PASSIVE capabilities and the Solar Load Ratio method which it is based on is presented. A detailed guide to the SOLCOST-PASSIVE input parameters is given. Sample problems showing typical execution sessions and the resulting SOLCOST-PASSIVE output are included. Appendices A thru D provide details on the SLR method and the life cycle savings methodology of SOLCOST-PASSIVE. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Passive scalar transport in peripheral regions of random flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate statistical properties of the passive scalar mixing in random (turbulent) flows assuming its diffusion to be weak. Then at advanced stages of the passive scalar decay, its unmixed residue is primarily concentrated in a narrow diffusive layer near the wall and its transport to the bulk goes through the peripheral region (laminar sublayer of the flow). We conducted Lagrangian numerical simulations of the process for different space dimensions d and revealed structures responsible for the transport, which are passive scalar tongues pulled from the diffusive boundary layer to the bulk. We investigated statistical properties of the passive scalar and of the passive scalar integrated along the wall. Moments of both objects demonstrate scaling behavior outside the diffusive boundary layer. We propose an analytic scheme for the passive scalar statistics, explaining the features observed numerically.

Chernykh, A., E-mail: chernykh@iae.nsk.su [Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Automation and Electrometry (Russian Federation); Lebedev, V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Passive solar concepts for multistory buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Multistory buildings long in the east-west direction and short in the north-south direction offer good opportunity for passive solar application. If each unit within the building is designed so that the Solar Savings Fraction is the same, each will respond to the weather the same way and no unit-to-unit heat distribution is needed. A numerical example for Denver is given indicating excellent thermal performance and a several-day thermal response time. Solutions involving distribution of heat from unit to unit are also discussed as well as top-floor and south-wall variations.

Balcomb, J.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Passivation-free solid state battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to passivation-free solid-state rechargeable batteries composed of Li{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12} anode, a solid polymer electrolyte and a high voltage cathode. The solid polymer electrolyte comprises a polymer host, such as polyacrylonitrile, poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinyl sulfone), and poly(vinylidene fluoride), plasticized by a solution of a Li salt in an organic solvent. The high voltage cathode includes LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, LiCoO{sub 2}, LiNiO{sub 2} and LiV{sub 2}O{sub 5} and their derivatives. 5 figs.

Abraham, K.M.; Peramunage, D.

1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

259

Passivation-free solid state battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to passivation-free solid-state rechargeable batteries composed of Li.sub.4 Ti.sub.5 O.sub.12 anode, a solid polymer electrolyte and a high voltage cathode. The solid polymer electrolyte comprises a polymer host, such as polyacrylonitrile, poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinyl sulfone), and poly(vinylidene fluoride), plasticized by a solution of a Li salt in an organic solvent. The high voltage cathode includes LiMn.sub.2 O.sub.4, LiCoO.sub.2, LiNiO.sub.2 and LiV.sub.2 O.sub.5 and their derivatives.

Abraham, Kuzhikalail M. (Needham, MA); Peramunage, Dharmasena (Norwood, MA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Passive containment cooling water distribution device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive containment cooling system for a nuclear reactor containment vessel. Disclosed is a cooling water distribution system for introducing cooling water by gravity uniformly over the outer surface of a steel containment vessel using a series of radial guide elements and cascading weir boxes to collect and then distribute the cooling water into a series of distribution areas through a plurality of cascading weirs. The cooling water is then uniformly distributed over the curved surface by a plurality of weir notches in the face plate of the weir box.

Conway, Lawrence E. (Hookstown, PA); Fanto, Susan V. (Plum Borough, PA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Passive incentive requirements: a regional assessment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The nation's goal of 20% solar contribution by the turn of the century will be achieved, in part, by the construction of residences heated by virtue of their passive solar designs. These designs are not economically competitive against all conventional fuels in all locations. Some degree of government incentive will be required to assure a competitive position for these designs. A methodology is presented which is used to assess the magnitude of the government incentive required to assure feasibility. The methodology is used to provide a regional assessment for the Pacific Northwest under alternative home ownership periods and conventional fuel types.

Ben-David, S.; Kirschner, C.; Noll, S.A.; Roach, F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be performed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described. 6 figs.

Vail, W.B. III.

1989-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

263

Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in gelogical formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleous present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be preformed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described.

Vail, III, William B. (Bothell, WA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Passive measurement of nitrogen oxides to assess traffic-related...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

393-403 Date Published 012004 Keywords Freeways, nitrogen dioxide, Passive sampler, schools Abstract The East Bay Children's Respiratory Health Study is examining associations...

265

Active and Passive Remote Sensing Diagram | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2013 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Active and Passive Remote Sensing Diagram Citation National Aeronautics and...

266

Improved Humidity Profiling by Combining Passive and Active Remote...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Team Meeting Proceedings, Albuquerque, New Mexico, March 22-26, 2004 Improved Humidity Profiling by Combining Passive and Active Remote Sensors at the Southern Great Plains...

267

Passive Millimeter-Wave Spectrometer for Remote Chemical Detection...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Media format Windows Media Format - Low Bandwidth Passive Millimeter-Wave Spectrometer for Remote Chemical Detection shown in this movie clip. :: Please wait until video loads...

268

Passive Cooling of a Micromechanical Oscillator with a ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Closely related passive cooling has been reported in [9,20 ... Although rather modest cooling is obtained here ... eventually provide ground state cool- ing ...

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

269

Passivation Behaviour of Copper Anodes with Various Chemical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... Anode passivation is one of the existing problems faced by copper refineries with the increase of current density and impurities content of the ...

270

Passive cooling system for a vehicle - Energy Innovation Portal  

The passive cooling system includes one or more heat pipes (112) having an evaporator section ... Building Energy Efficiency; ... Solar Thermal; Startup America;

271

Intelligent deployment strategies for passive underwater sensor networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Passive underwater sensor networks are often used to monitor a general area of the ocean, a port or military installation, or to detect underwater vehicles… (more)

Golen, Erik; Yuan, B; Shenoy, N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

NREL: Learning - Student Resources on Passive Solar Heating  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

teams to design the most attractive, energy-efficient, and effective solar-powered house. American Solar Energy Society Has publications on passive solar design and...

273

HCI Gesture Tracking Using Wearable Passive Tags  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, a wearable system is developed to track hand gestures with passive RFID sensor tags. This system was composed of an ultra-high frequency reader and small, passive, finger-worn tags powered by scavenged RFID energy equipped with a variety of sensors that could be used to detect gestures. The primary physical goals of the system were to be comfortable and wearable without interfering with other everyday activities. The computational goals of the system were to track particular hand movements, which could be used to control a wearable computer or aid in interaction with ubiquitous and other wearable devices. As a user is walking through their environments, we aim to avoid the need for pulling out an interface with keyboard, keypad, or touch screen, and also avoid bulky hand-held interfaces, allowing the user to specify input with their fingers without taking their eyes and attention off their immediate focus. This thesis first introduces our hardware, then gives some

Rachel M. Bainbridge; Joseph A. Paradiso

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Passive versus active mitigation cost analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The scope of this task is to assess the impact of mitigation alternatives for Tanks 241-SY-101 and 241-SY-103 on the Project W-236A Multi-Function Waste Tank Facility. This assessment and other related tasks are part of an Action Plan Path Forward prepared by the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Life Extension and Transition Program. Task 3.7 of the Action Plan for Project W-236A MWTF analyzed the comparative cost/risk of two hydrogen gas mitigation alternatives (active versus passive) to recommend the most appropriate course of action to resolve the hydrogen gas safety issue. The qualitative success of active mitigation has been demonstrated through Tank 241-SY-101 testing. Passive mitigation has not been demonstrated but will be validated by laboratory test work performed under Task 3.1 of the Action Plan. It is assumed for this assessment that the uncertainties associated with the performance of either alternative is comparable. Determining alternative specific performance measures beyond those noted are not in the scope of this effort.

Parazin, R.J.; Galbraith, J.D.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Passive solar energy information user study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on passive solar heating and cooling are described. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. The overall study provides baseline data about information needs in the solar community. An earlier study identified the information user groups in the solar community and the priority (to accelerate solar energy commercialization) of getting information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from seven passive groups respondents are analyzed in this report: Federally Funded Researchers, Manufacturer Representatives, Architects, Builders, Educators, Cooperative Extension Service County Agents, and Homeowners. The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.

Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

13.853 Computational Ocean Acoustics, Spring 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wave equations for fluid and visco-elastic media. Wave-theory formulations of acoustic source radiation and seismo-acoustic propagation in stratified ocean waveguides. Wavenumber Integration and Normal Mode methods for ...

Schmidt, Henrik

277

Acoustic measurement of the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well flow rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On May 31, 2010, a direct acoustic measurement method was used to quantify fluid leakage rate from the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well prior to removal of its broken riser. This method utilized an acoustic imaging sonar and ...

Camilli, Richard

278

Spatiotemporal processing and time-reversal for underwater acoustic communications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-rate underwater acoustic communication can be achieved using transmitter/receiver arrays. Underwater acoustic channels can be characterized as rapidly time-varying systems that suffer severe Inter Symbol Interferences ...

Wang, Daniel Y

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Effects of Hydrogen on the Thermo-Acoustics Coupling Mechanisms...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on the Thermo-Acoustics Coupling Mechanisms of Low-Swirl Injector Flames in a Model Gas Turbine Combustor Title Effects of Hydrogen on the Thermo-Acoustics Coupling...

280

SPARSE UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC IMAGING: A CASE STUDY Nikolaos Stefanakis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPARSE UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC IMAGING: A CASE STUDY Nikolaos Stefanakis , Jacques Marchal , Valentin de Beaulieu 35042 Rennes Cedex, France ABSTRACT Underwater acoustic imaging is traditionally 3D underwater imaging using a newly built flexible-configuration sonar device. The computational

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Polaris: A GPS-Navigated Ocean Acoustic Current Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results from an initial feasibility study to test whether Global Positioning System (GPS) navigation can be combined with more traditional acoustic methods to measure ocean current profiles are presented. A typical acoustic current profiler such ...

Kevin D. Leaman; Peter S. Vertes; Chris Rocken

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Development and Testing of the MIT Acoustic Levitation Test Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two acoustic levitation test facilities have been developed for cloud physics experimentation. These facilities utilize acoustic standing wave energy to suspend both solid and liquid objects in a contact-free environment. In the still-air ...

Victor D. Lupi; R. John Hansman

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Ultrafast photo-acoustic spectroscopy of super-cooled liquids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Picosecond laser ultrasonic techniques for acoustic wave generation and detection were adapted to probe longitudinal and transverse acoustic waves in liquids at gigahertz frequencies. The experimental effort was designed ...

Klieber, Christoph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

NASA Glenn Research Center Acoustical Testing Laboratory: Five year retrospective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the five years since the NASA Glenn Research Center Acoustical Testing Laboratory (ATL) opened its doors in September

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Cooperative Schemes for Underwater Acoustic Communications (AQU 3)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cooperative Schemes for Underwater Acoustic CommunicationsIntroduction: Underwater Cooperative CommunicationsMotivation Traditional underwater communications Used for

Madhavan Vajapeyam; Satish Vedantam; Urbashi Mitra

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Acoustic Propagation Prediction in Shallow Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An acoustic propagation experiment was conducted on 17 May 2000 in a shallow water site off the Perth metropolitan coast with the view of obtaining reflection and refraction data to contribute to developing a geoacoustic model of the area. The site proposed has constant bathymetry, though the geological properties of the site are not well known. The experiment used two hydrophones, one situated mid-water and the other moored to the seabed to explore the possibility of receiving head waves. The acoustic sources used were a 20-cui air gun and imploding sources comprising 60W and 75W light globes and purpose built evacuated spheres.

Justin Hoffman John; John D. Penrose; Darryl R. Mcmahon

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Ion acoustic shock waves in degenerate plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Korteweg de Vries Burgers equation for negative ion degenerate dissipative plasma has been derived using reductive perturbation technique. The quantum hydrodynamic model is used to study the quantum ion acoustic shock waves. The effects of different parameters on quantum ion acoustic shock waves are studied. It is found that quantum parameter, electrons Fermi temperature, temperature of positive and negative ions, mass ratio of positive to negative ions, viscosity, and density ratio have significant impact on the shock wave structure in negative ion degenerate plasma.

Akhtar, N. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, Nilore, Islamabad 44000 Pakistan (Pakistan); Hussain, S. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, Nilore, Islamabad 44000 Pakistan (Pakistan); Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics, PIEAS, Nilore, Islamabad 44000 Pakistan (Pakistan)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Acoustic microscope surface inspection system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic microscope surface inspection system and method in which pulses of high frequency electrical energy are applied to a transducer which forms and focuses acoustic energy onto a selected location on the surface of an object and receives energy from the location and generates electrical pulses. The phase of the high frequency electrical signal pulses are stepped with respected to the phase of a reference signal at said location. An output signal is generated which is indicative of the surface of said selected location. The object is scanned to provide output signals representative of the surface at a plurality of surface locations.

Khuri-Yakub, Butrus T. (Palo Alto, CA); Parent, Philippe (Chilly-Mazarin, FR); Reinholdtsen, Paul A. (Seattle, WA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Electron-acoustic vortices in multicomponent magnetoplasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear and nonlinear properties of electron-acoustic waves in a multicomponent magnetoplasma comprising of cold and beam electrons and two species of thermal unmagnetized ions are investigated here. It is found that the electron beam velocity, electron Debye length, electron Larmor radius, and concentration of the cold and beam electrons affect the linear dispersion characteristics of electron-acoustic wave. It is also found that such a multicomponent plasma admits dipolar and vortex street type structures for the normalized electrostatic potential PHIgeomagnetic tail, etc. is also pointed out.

Haque, Q. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Mirza, Arshad M. [Department of Physics, Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Nargis, Shahida [Department of Mathematics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Point interactions in acoustics: one dimensional models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A one dimensional system made up of a compressible fluid and several mechanical oscillators, coupled to the acoustic field in the fluid, is analyzed for different settings of the oscillators array. The dynamical models are formulated in terms of singular perturbations of the decoupled dynamics of the acoustic field and the mechanical oscillators. Detailed spectral properties of the generators of the dynamics are given for each model we consider. In the case of a periodic array of mechanical oscillators it is shown that the energy spectrum presents a band structure.

C. Cacciapuoti; R. Figari; A. Posilicano

2005-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

291

Underwater acoustic imaging: physically-motivated sparse models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater acoustic imaging: physically-motivated sparse models and validation on real data N hal-00677287,version1-4Jun2012 #12;Underwater acoustic imaging (UWA)hal-00677287,version1-4Jun2012 #12;Underwater acoustic imaging: direct problem Successive emission sequences, or pings, indexed by p. ep

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

292

Proceedings of the 11 European Conference on Underwater Acoustics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proceedings of the 11 th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics INCOHERENT CHANGE DETECTION on Underwater Acoustics images. This allows performing a segmentation of the master image at the coarser stage,version1-7Sep2012 #12;Proceedings of the 11 th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics The idea

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

293

Passive machine augmented composite for multifunctional properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation studies by experiment and numerical analysis an advanced composite material (Machine Augmented Composite or MAC) for enhancement of the passive damping while maintaining its stiffness. This MAC is composed of a pre-buckled wall structure placed within a viscoelastic matrix. The pre-buckled machine can contain viscous fluids for additional energy dissipation. For the experiments, the MAC was fabricated by using rigid and soft polyurethane as a machine and matrix material respectively. Various viscosity fluids (0.83 ~ 4730 cps) filled the inner-channel of the machine structure. Dynamic properties such as tan ?? and the loss modulus (E") of the composite were measured and compared with those of a homogeneous matrix sample over a frequency range of 0.1 to 100 Hz at room temperature through load-controlled cyclic testing. Measured tan ?? and loss modulus values for the composite were higher than those of the matrix alone in the 1 to 40 Hz range. However the viscous fluid effects on the overall damping properties were small. The performance of a theoretical MAC was explored through numerical analysis. The amount of inner-channel gap closure was calculated for various matrix Poisson??s ratios, for various Young??s modulus ratios between the machine and matrix (Emachine/Ematrix), and for the volume fraction of the machines. The most desirable performance of the composite was obtained when the matrix Poisson??s ratio was 0.49, and there was interaction between the Emachine/Ematrix and the volume fraction of the machines. Also the proper volume fraction range of the machine was predicted to be between 0.15 and 0.2 for the lamina shape MAC. Based upon the analysis, a sandwich structure MAC was fabricated and tested. This composite showed 11 times higher stiffness than the matrix without loosing the matrix damping property. This dissertation shows that the research met these objectives: 1) the MAC concept is effective for passive damping of vibrations, 2) that material combinations studied here had optimal combinations for best performance, and 3) that this is a promising field study for future passive and active materials development.

Kim, Jong Hyun

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Engineering Glass Passivation Layers -Model Results  

SciTech Connect

The immobilization of radioactive waste into glass waste forms is a baseline process of nuclear waste management not only in the United States, but worldwide. The rate of radionuclide release from these glasses is a critical measure of the quality of the waste form. Over long-term tests and using extrapolations of ancient analogues, it has been shown that well designed glasses exhibit a dissolution rate that quickly decreases to a slow residual rate for the lifetime of the glass. The mechanistic cause of this decreased corrosion rate is a subject of debate, with one of the major theories suggesting that the decrease is caused by the formation of corrosion products in such a manner as to present a diffusion barrier on the surface of the glass. Although there is much evidence of this type of mechanism, there has been no attempt to engineer the effect to maximize the passivating qualities of the corrosion products. This study represents the first attempt to engineer the creation of passivating phases on the surface of glasses. Our approach utilizes interactions between the dissolving glass and elements from the disposal environment to create impermeable capping layers. By drawing from other corrosion studies in areas where passivation layers have been successfully engineered to protect the bulk material, we present here a report on mineral phases that are likely have a morphological tendency to encrust the surface of the glass. Our modeling has focused on using the AFCI glass system in a carbonate, sulfate, and phosphate rich environment. We evaluate the minerals predicted to form to determine the likelihood of the formation of a protective layer on the surface of the glass. We have also modeled individual ions in solutions vs. pH and the addition of aluminum and silicon. These results allow us to understand the pH and ion concentration dependence of mineral formation. We have determined that iron minerals are likely to form a complete incrustation layer and we plan to look more closely at Vivianite [Fe3(PO4)2-8(H2O)] and Siderite [FeCO3] in the next stage of the project.

Skorski, Daniel C.; Ryan, Joseph V.; Strachan, Denis M.; Lepry, William C.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

295

SOME ANALYTIC MODELS OF PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDING PERFORMANCE: A THEORETICAL APPROACH TO THE DESIGN OF ENERGY-CONSERVING BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

during construction. many passive houses have performed muchif it occurred, the optimwll passive house would likely havephotographs of a passive solar house at First Village in

Goldstein, David Baird

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Liquid metal cooled nuclear reactors with passive cooling system  

SciTech Connect

A liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor having a passive cooling system for removing residual heat resulting from fuel decay during reactor shutdown. The passive cooling system comprises a plurality of cooling medium flow circuits which cooperate to remove and carry heat away from the fuel core upon loss of the normal cooling flow circuit to areas external thereto.

Hunsbedt, Anstein (Los Gatos, CA); Fanning, Alan W. (San Jose, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Long Range Passive UHF RFID System Using HVAC Ducts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INVITED P A P E R Long Range Passive UHF RFID System Using HVAC Ducts To provide a potential communications channel, HVAC ducts can function as electromagnetic waveguides; a 30-m read range has been-conditioning (HVAC) ducts as a potential communication channel between passive ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) radio

Hochberg, Michael

298

Noise in current-commutating passive FET mixers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Noise in the mixer of zero-IF receivers can compromise the overall receiver sensitivity. The evolution of a passive CMOS mixer based on the knowledge of the physical mechanisms of noise in an active mixer is explained. Qualitative physical models that ... Keywords: flicker noise, passive mixer, physical mechanism, white noise, zero-IF

Saeed Chehrazi; Ahmad Mirzaei; Asad A. Abidi

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Simulation of Dynamic Characteristic for Passive Hydraulic Mount  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamic modeling of Passive Hydraulic Engine Mounts (PHEM) is developed with inertia track, decoupler and throttle. Mathematically, the state equations governing vibration isolation behaviors of the PHEMs are presented and solved by means of the lumped ... Keywords: passive hydraulic mount, simulation, test

Zhang Yunxia; Fang Zuhua

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Active and passive cooling for concentrating photovoltaic arrays  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Optimization, based on minimum energy cost, of active and passive cooling designs for point-focus Fresnel lens photovoltaic arrays and line-focus, parabolic-trough photovoltaic arrays is discussed, and the two types of cooling are compared. Passive cooling is more cost-effective for Fresnel lens arrays while the reverse is true for parabolic-trough arrays.

Edenburn, M.W.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Passive ice freezing-releasing heat pipe. [Patent application  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heat pipe device has been developed which permits completely passive ice formation and periodic release of ice without requiring the ambient temperature to rise above the melting point of water. This passive design enables the maximum amount of cooling capacity to be stored in the tank.

Gorski, A.J.; Schertz, W.W.

1980-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

302

Effects of a Thermistor String Mounted between the Acoustic Beams of an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A useful extension of upward-looking buoy-mounted acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs), in particular for studying surface-mixed-layer dynamics from underneath, would be to combine them with a thermistor cable for obtaining simultaneous ...

Friedrich Schott

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Passive solar economics in 15 northwest locations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The economic performance of Trombe wall and direct gain passive solar heating designs are evaluated using the LASL/UNM solar economic performance code. Both designs are integrated into a ranch style tract home concept thereby facilitating intra-regional comparison. The economic performance of these systems is evaluated for 15 sites in the Northwest region. Space heating loads have been locally specified. System sizes have been optimized against the natural gas and electric resistance heating alternatives, the current price and future escalation of which is established for each locale. Sensitivity analysis is conducted to determine the maximum competitive add-on costs for each system under a specified set of energy price, solar performance and economic conditions.

Kirschner, C.; Ben-David, S.; Roach, F.

1979-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

304

Quantitative comparison of passive solar simulation codes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Several members of the Systems Simulation and Economic Analysis (SS/EA) Working Group have participated in a software-software comparison of passive solar simulation codes. The problems selected and defined by the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) for analysis include both a vented and an unvented Trombe wall and a direct gain building. The individuals, organizations, and associated computer models involved in this exercise are Byron Wynn, Colorado State University (CSU) (FREHEAT); Larry Palmiter, National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT) (SUNCAT); Bill Beckman, the University of Wisconsin (WIS) (TRNSYS); Bill Wray, LASL (PASOLE, SUNSPOT); and John Moore, LASL (DOE-2). Each of these organizations submitted simulation results to LASL, where a comparative analysis was conducted. Excellent agreement was achieved on annual auxiliary heat loads, but several detailed heat fluxes within the structures showed significant scatter, as did both the ventilation and auxiliary cooling.

Wray, W.O.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

New passive solar cooking system. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The development of a solar cooking system which uses a phase change process to passively transfer heat from a collector to a cooker is presented. In the design of this cooking system steam is produced in the collector and then is used as the heat transfer fluid in the cooker. The most efficient use of the system is to heat food directly by condensing the steam onto the food, whereas a heat exchanger is necessary to heat an oven or a frying pan. A pressure cooker was successfully built and tested using the steam from the collector. Brief discussions on the collector design and performance, and heat storage phase change materials are provided. (BCS)

Schlussler, L.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Energy Revolving Loan Fund - Passive Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revolving Loan Fund - Passive Solar Revolving Loan Fund - Passive Solar Energy Revolving Loan Fund - Passive Solar < Back Eligibility Agricultural Institutional Nonprofit Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Maximum Rebate $15,000 Program Info Funding Source American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) State Michigan Program Type State Loan Program Rebate Amount $5,000-$15,000 Provider Department of Energy, Labor and Economic Growth In January 2010, Michigan enacted the Public Act 242 of 2009, which established the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Revolving Loan Fund Program. The Passive Solar Systems portion of the loan program is available to family farms and non-profits located in Michigan. Under this program, a passive solar system is defined as "a structure which can extend the

307

Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager (Flash format)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager > (Flash) Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager > (Flash) Multimedia Nuclear Systems Analysis Engineering Analysis Nonproliferation and National Security Detection & Diagnostic Systems Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager VIDEO TRANSCRIPT Remote Vital Sign Monitoring System Preventing the Worst (by CNN) Engineering Development & Applications Argonne's Nuclear Science & Technology Legacy Other Multimedia Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Detection & Diagnostic Systems - Multimedia Bookmark and Share Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager Argonne National Laboratory Read full story Argonne has developed a passive compressive sensing system that uses millimeter waves (MMWs) to rapidly image targets with high resolution and

308

Integrated passive-solar demonstration project. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of the study reported were to collect data on a combination of several passive solar heating and cooling systems. A passive solar test structure was constructed and monitored and the demonstration of passive systems designed into the structure was evaluated. Passive solar cooling principles include: shading all mass walls and windows from direct solar gain, maintaining cool attic and ceiling temperatures using solar induced ventilation, maintaining cool mean radiant wall temperatures, recirculating internal air, and using natural cross-ventilation through the conditioned space in spring and fall. Passive solar heating principles include: orientation of windows and sunspaces towards the south, providing double pane south windows, providing a double pane solar sunspace, using night insulation over glazing, extended thermal storage mass, and using a fan-forced rock/earth/air storage system. (LEW)

Garrison, M.L.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Acoustic Radar Studies of Rain Microphysics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Raindrop size distributions are obtained from the Doppler frequency spectrum of an acoustic radar. Number concentrations of 12 drop diameters with a minimum diameter 0.14 cm are obtained and averaged over 3–15 min at 20-m range gates from 20 to ...

S. G. Bradley

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

The Acoustic Properties of Different Noise Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses a method to find the acoustic properties of different types of background noise: highway, airport, subway, restaurant, rain, inside a car, and inside a train. Four parameters are calculated using the Auto Correlation Function (ACF). ... Keywords: Environmental noise, noise classification

Jidong Yang; Buket D. Barkana

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Uncanny soundscapes: Towards an inoperative acoustic community  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Drawing on field research carried out in the abandoned villages of the Ara Valley, this article seeks to readdress notions of acoustic community and communication in terms of a 'haptic aurality' in which listening, as a mode of touch, approximates a ...

Iain Foreman

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Performance Assessment of Suture Type, Water Temperature, and Surgeon Skill in Juvenile Chinook Salmon Surgically Implanted with Acoustic Transmitters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Size reductions of acoustic transmitters implanted in migrating juvenile salmonids have resulted in the use of a shorter incision - one that may warrant only one suture for closure. However, it is not known if a single suture will sufficiently hold the incision closed when fish are decompressed and outward pressure is placed on the surgical site during passage of hydroelectric dams. The objectives of this study were to evaluate five response variables in juvenile Chinook salmon subjected to simulated turbine passage. Fish were implanted with an acoustic transmitter (0.43 g in air) and a passive integrated transponder tag (0.10 g in air); incisions (6 mm) were closed with either one or two sutures. Following exposure, no transmitters were expelled. In addition, suture and incision tearing and mortal injury did not differ between treatment and control fish. Viscera expulsion was higher in treatment (12%) than control (1%) fish. The higher incidence of viscera expulsion through single-suture incisions warrants concern. Consequently, the authors do not recommend using one suture to close 6-mm incisions associated with acoustic transmitter implantation when juvenile salmonids may be exposed to turbine passage.

Deters, Katherine A.; Brown, Richard S.; Carter, Kathleen M.; Boyd, James W.; Eppard, M. B.; Seaburg, Adam

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

DRAFT INTERIM REPORT: NATIONAL PROGRAM PLAN FOR PASSIVE AND HYBRID SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Involvement in Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Section C:performance of passive solar heating and cooling systems.the design of passive solar heating and cooling systems, J

Authors, Various

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Passive cooling system for top entry liquid metal cooled nuclear reactors  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a passive cooling system for liquid metal cooled, top entry loop nuclear fission reactors. It comprises: a liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor plant; a passive cooling system; and a secondary passive cooling system.

Boardman, C.E.; Hunsbedt, A.; Hui, M.M.

1992-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

315

Energy and air quality implications of passive stack ventilation in residential buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scaling the passive stack diameter with house size (floora single-story house ventilated by a passive stack with andTable 1: Passive stack diameters scaling with house size

Mortensen, Dorthe Kragsig

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Well Log Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Acoustic Logs Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Rock stress and fracture analysis Hydrological: Use for fracture identification in open and cased holes. Also used for evaluating hydro fracturing/well stimulation effectiveness. Thermal: Dictionary.png Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log: An acoustic logging technique where the acoustic transmitter and receivers are lowered down hole and waveforms that travel through the well mud,

317

A CLASSIFICATION SCHEME FOR THE COMMON PASSIVE AND HYBRID HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXAMPLES OF PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING SYSTEMS {CONVECTIVE SPACEbeen supported by the Solar Heating and Cooling Research andinteraction. Passive solar heating systems use elements of

Holtz, Michael J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Enhanced Attenuation Technologies: Passive Soil Vapor Extraction  

SciTech Connect

Passive soil vapor extraction (PSVE) is an enhanced attenuation (EA) approach that removes volatile contaminants from soil. The extraction is driven by natural pressure gradients between the subsurface and atmosphere (Barometric Pumping), or by renewable sources of energy such as wind or solar power (Assisted PSVE). The technology is applicable for remediating sites with low levels of contamination and for transitioning sites from active source technologies such as active soil vapor extraction (ASVE) to natural attenuation. PSVE systems are simple to design and operate and are more cost effective than active systems in many scenarios. Thus, PSVE is often appropriate as an interim-remedial or polishing strategy. Over the past decade, PSVE has been demonstrated in the U.S. and in Europe. These demonstrations provide practical information to assist in selecting, designing and implementing the technology. These demonstrations indicate that the technology can be effective in achieving remedial objectives in a timely fashion. The keys to success include: (1) Application at sites where the residual source quantities, and associated fluxes to groundwater, are relatively low; (2) Selection of the appropriate passive energy source - barometric pumping in cases with a deep vadose zone and barrier (e.g., clay) layers that separate the subsurface from the atmosphere and renewable energy assisted PSVE in other settings and where higher flow rates are required. (3) Provision of sufficient access to the contaminated vadose zones through the spacing and number of extraction wells. This PSVE technology report provides a summary of the relevant technical background, real-world case study performance, key design and cost considerations, and a scenario-based cost evaluation. The key design and cost considerations are organized into a flowchart that dovetails with the Enhanced Attenuation: Chlorinated Organics Guidance of the Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council (ITRC). The PSVE flowchart provides a structured process to determine if the technology is, or is not, reasonable and defensible for a particular site. The central basis for that decision is the expected performance of PSVE under the site specific conditions. Will PSVE have sufficient mass removal rates to reduce the release, or flux, of contamination into the underlying groundwater so that the site can meet it overall remedial objectives? The summary technical information, case study experiences, and structured decision process provided in this 'user guide' should assist environmental decision-makers, regulators, and engineers in selecting and successfully implementing PSVE at appropriate sites.

Vangelas, K.; Looney, B.; Kamath, R.; Adamson, D.; Newell, C.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

319

Passive Time Coincidence Measurements with HEU Oxide Fuel Pins  

SciTech Connect

Passive time coincidence measurements have been performed on highly enriched uranium (HEU) oxide fuel pins at the Idaho National Laboratory Power Burst Facility. These experiments evaluate HEU detection capability using passive coincidence counting when utilizing moderated 3He tubes. Data acquisition was performed with the Nuclear Material Identification System (NMIS) to calculate the neutron coincidence time distributions. The amounts of HEU measured were 1 kg, 4 kg, and 8 kg in sealed 55-gallon drums. Data collected with the 3He tubes also include passive measurement of 31 kg of depleted uranium (DU) in order to determine the ability to distinguish HEU from DU. This paper presents results from the measurements.

McConchie, Seth M [ORNL; Hausladen, Paul [ORNL; Mihalczo, John T [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Passive cooling safety system for liquid metal cooled nuclear reactors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor having a passive cooling system for removing residual heat resulting from fuel decay during reactor shutdown. The passive cooling system comprises a plurality of partitions surrounding the reactor vessel in spaced apart relation forming intermediate areas for circulating heat transferring fluid which remove and carry away heat from the reactor vessel. The passive cooling system includes a closed primary fluid circuit through the partitions surrounding the reactor vessel and a partially adjoining secondary open fluid circuit for carrying transferred heat out into the atmosphere.

Hunsbedt, Anstein (Los Gatos, CA); Boardman, Charles E. (Saratoga, CA); Hui, Marvin M. (Sunnyvale, CA); Berglund, Robert C. (Saratoga, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Indirect passive cooling system for liquid metal cooled nuclear reactors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor having a passive cooling system for removing residual heat resulting from fuel decay during reactor shutdown. The passive cooling system comprises a plurality of partitions surrounding the reactor vessel in spaced apart relation forming intermediate areas for circulating heat transferring fluid which remove and carry away heat from the reactor vessel. The passive cooling system includes a closed primary fluid circuit through the partitions surrounding the reactor vessel and a partially adjoining secondary open fluid circuit for carrying transferred heat out into the atmosphere.

Hunsbedt, Anstein (Los Gatos, CA); Boardman, Charles E. (Saratoga, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

The Sandia MEMS passive shock sensor : FY07 maturation activities.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes activities conducted in FY07 to mature the MEMS passive shock sensor. The first chapter of the report provides motivation and background on activities that are described in detail in later chapters. The second chapter discusses concepts that are important for integrating the MEMS passive shock sensor into a system. Following these two introductory chapters, the report details modeling and design efforts, packaging, failure analysis and testing and validation. At the end of FY07, the MEMS passive shock sensor was at TRL 4.

Houston, Jack E.; Blecke, Jill; Mitchell, John Anthony; Wittwer, Jonathan W.; Crowson, Douglas A.; Clemens, Rebecca C.; Walraven, Jeremy Allen; Epp, David S.; Baker, Michael Sean

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Code manual for passive solar design single family residential construction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

General information is presented on types of passive solar techniques and a method for estimating passive solar performance. Important codes and standards are described, each description listing the items in the code which could have a potential impact on a passive solar design and analyzing the effect of the code on the use of such techniques. State and local codes and code agencies are summarized. The local summary contains the name of a contact in the enforcement agency to whom specific questions may be addressed. The requirements to file for a building permit are given briefly. (LEW)

None

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbines in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect

Hydrokinetic turbines will be a source of noise in the marine environment - both during operation and during installation/removal. High intensity sound can cause injury or behavioral changes in marine mammals and may also affect fish and invertebrates. These noise effects are, however, highly dependent on the individual marine animals; the intensity, frequency, and duration of the sound; and context in which the sound is received. In other words, production of sound is a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for an environmental impact. At a workshop on the environmental effects of tidal energy development, experts identified sound produced by turbines as an area of potentially significant impact, but also high uncertainty. The overall objectives of this project are to improve our understanding of the potential acoustic effects of tidal turbines by: (1) Characterizing sources of existing underwater noise; (2) Assessing the effectiveness of monitoring technologies to characterize underwater noise and marine mammal responsiveness to noise; (3) Evaluating the sound profile of an operating tidal turbine; and (4) Studying the effect of turbine sound on surrogate species in a laboratory environment. This study focuses on a specific case study for tidal energy development in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington (USA), but the methodologies and results are applicable to other turbine technologies and geographic locations. The project succeeded in achieving the above objectives and, in doing so, substantially contributed to the body of knowledge around the acoustic effects of tidal energy development in several ways: (1) Through collection of data from Admiralty Inlet, established the sources of sound generated by strong currents (mobilizations of sediment and gravel) and determined that low-frequency sound recorded during periods of strong currents is non-propagating pseudo-sound. This helped to advance the debate within the marine and hydrokinetics acoustic community as to whether strong currents produce propagating sound. (2) Analyzed data collected from a tidal turbine operating at the European Marine Energy Center to develop a profile of turbine sound and developed a framework to evaluate the acoustic effects of deploying similar devices in other locations. This framework has been applied to Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish Country's demonstration project in Admiralty Inlet to inform postinstallation acoustic and marine mammal monitoring plans. (3) Demonstrated passive acoustic techniques to characterize the ambient noise environment at tidal energy sites (fixed, long-term observations recommended) and characterize the sound from anthropogenic sources (drifting, short-term observations recommended). (4) Demonstrated the utility and limitations of instrumentation, including bottom mounted instrumentation packages, infrared cameras, and vessel monitoring systems. In doing so, also demonstrated how this type of comprehensive information is needed to interpret observations from each instrument (e.g., hydrophone data can be combined with vessel tracking data to evaluate the contribution of vessel sound to ambient noise). (5) Conducted a study that suggests harbor porpoise in Admiralty Inlet may be habituated to high levels of ambient noise due to omnipresent vessel traffic. The inability to detect behavioral changes associated with a high intensity source of opportunity (passenger ferry) has informed the approach for post-installation marine mammal monitoring. (6) Conducted laboratory exposure experiments of juvenile Chinook salmon and showed that exposure to a worse than worst case acoustic dose of turbine sound does not result in changes to hearing thresholds or biologically significant tissue damage. Collectively, this means that Chinook salmon may be at a relatively low risk of injury from sound produced by tidal turbines located in or near their migration path. In achieving these accomplishments, the project has significantly advanced the District's goals of developing a demonstration-scale tidal energy proj

Brian Polagye; Jim Thomson; Chris Bassett; Jason Wood; Dom Tollit; Robert Cavagnaro; Andrea Copping

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

325

Self-contained passive solar heating system  

SciTech Connect

A self-contained passive solar heating system includes first and second heat pipes, each having a refrigerant medium therein, a condenser portion and an evaporator portion, with the condenser portion of the first heat pipe being coupled to the evaporator portion of the second heat pipe for transferring heat thereto when the pressure within the first heat pipe is greater than the pressure within the second heat pipe. The evaporator portion of the first heat pipe is adapted to be exposed to a source of heat and the condenser portion of the second heat pipe contacts a medium to be heated. A temperature control mechanism may be installed as the coupling between the first and second heat pipes for uncoupling the same when the temperature within the first heat pipe falls below a predetermined temperature. Also, a third heat pipe may be provided having a thermostatic portion operatively connected to the condenser portion of the second heat pipe by a piston means so that changes in pressure within the thermostatic portion occasioned by changes in temperature of the medium to be heated will cause movement of the pistons to vary the size of the condensing portion of the second heat pipe to increase or decrease the rate of heat transfer to the medium.

Maldonado, E.A.; Woods, J.E.

1983-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

326

Passive solar technology aids biogas digesters  

SciTech Connect

Farming communities throughout China rely on biogas generators as a primary source of light and heat, as well as using the sludge as a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. Now researchers at Beijing's Solar Energy Laboratory have improved efficiency by building a rectangular tank out of concrete slabs, with one slanted surface painted black and covered with glass. According to a report in New Scientist, this passive solar panel generates heat in the same way as a greenhouse, raising inside temperatures by 10{degree}C and increasing biogas production by 50%. Another advantage of the new tanks is easy access, since the tank's lid sites in wells of water which form a seal against oxygen. (Old biogas tanks were made of soil, sand and a little concrete, prone to developing severe cracks which would allow oxygen to enter thus slowing down anaerobic reaction). Explains Debora MacKenzie of New Scientist: with the new tank, the farmer can simply remove the lid and attack the contents with a spade. This means that the mixture can comprise more than 10% solids. Greater density allows smaller tanks. Rural families need one cubic meter of biogas daily for light and heat; instead of the former 8 cm biogas generator, the new tanks need only be 1 cm. The prediction is that the smaller size could make biogas more popular in China's crowded towns. The biogas department is headed by He Shao Qi, who is also investigating ways to reduce production costs for the tanks.

Not Available

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Argonne Acoustic Levitation Video Goes Viral  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Inside the Advanced Photon Source" Inside the latest Argonne Now "Inside the Advanced Photon Source" Inside the latest Argonne Now APS Director Stephenson Named Argonne Distinguished Fellow Advanced Photon Source, Canadian Light Source Strengthen Ties, Expand X-ray Technology and Research Rose of APS and CNM One of Four DOE Early Career Award Winners Scientists Close-In on Artificial Spider Silk APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Argonne Acoustic Levitation Video Goes Viral SEPTEMBER 25, 2012 Bookmark and Share Drops of solution being suspended for a long period of time, thanks to the vibrational force of sound waves that keep them stationary in an air column. More than 41,000 Google hits for "acoustic levitation Argonne" as of

328

Definition: Acoustic Televiewer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Televiewer Televiewer Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Acoustic Televiewer The Acoustic Televiewer (ATV) log provides a very-high resolution, sonic image of the borehole wall. The tool consists of an ultrasonic transducer coupled with a downhole inclinometer. These devices are used to generate an oriented image of seismic velocity variation and wave amplitude. These images are then examined and highlighted to reveal fractures, bedding planes and orientation of those features. The log is useful for strata and fracture delineation, and can also be used to evaluate compressional-wave velocity, borehole deviation and eccentricity.[1] References ↑ http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/esc/geotech/gg/atv_log.htm Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

329

Acoustic data transmission through a drillstring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for acoustically transmitting data along a drillstring is presented. In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, acoustic data signals are conditioned to counteract distortions caused by the drillstring. Preferably, this conditioning step comprises multiplying each frequency component of the data signal by exp (-ikL) where L is the transmission length of the drillstring, k is the wave number in the drillstring at the frequency of each component and i is (-1).sup.1/2. In another embodiment of this invention, data signals having a frequency content in at least one passband of the drillstring are generated preferably traveling in only one direction (e.g., up the drillstring) while echoes in the drillstring resulting from the data transmission are suppressed.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Methods And Apparatus For Acoustic Fiber Fractionation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus for acoustic fiber fractionation using a plane ultrasonic wave field interacting with water suspended fibers circulating in a channel flow using acoustic radiation forces to separate fibers into two or more fractions based on fiber radius, with applications of the separation concept in the pulp and paper industry. The continuous process relies on the use of a wall-mounted, rectangular cross-section piezoelectric ceramic transducer to selectively deflect flowing fibers as they penetrate the ultrasonic field. The described embodiment uses a transducer frequency of approximately 150 kHz. Depending upon the amount of dissolved gas in water, separation is obtained using a standing or a traveling wave field.

Brodeur, Pierre (Smyrna, GA)

1999-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

331

Multipurpose Acoustic Sensor for Downhole Fluid Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The projects objectives and purpose are to: (1) development a multipurpose acoustic sensor for downhole fluid monitoring in Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) reservoirs over typical ranges of pressures and temperatures and demonstrate its capabilities and performance for different EGS systems; (2) determine in real-time and in a single sensor package several parameters - temperature, pressure, fluid flow and fluid properties; (3) needed in nearly every phase of an EGS project, including Testing of Injection and Production Wells, Reservoir Validation, Inter-well Connectivity, Reservoir Scale Up and Reservoir Sustainability. (4) Current sensors are limited to operating at lower temperatures, but the need is for logging at high temperatures. The present project deals with the development of a novel acoustic-based sensor that can work at temperatures up to 374 C, in inhospitable environments.

Pantea, Cristian [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

332

Acoustic data transmission through a drillstring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for acoustically transmitting data along a drillstring are presented. In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, acoustic data signals are conditioned to counteract distortions caused by the drillstring. Preferably, this conditioning step comprises multiplying each frequency component of the data signal by exp ([minus]ikL) where L is the transmission length of the drillstring, k is the wave number in the drillstring at the frequency of each component and i is ([minus]1)[sup 1/2]. In another embodiment of this invention, data signals having a frequency content in at least one passband of the drillstring are generated preferably traveling in only one direction (e.g., up the drillstring) while echoes in the drillstring resulting from the data transmission are suppressed. 20 figs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1992-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

333

Development of a geothermal acoustic borehole televiewer  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Most geothermal wells are drilled in hard rock formations where fluid flow is through systems of open fractures. Productivity of these wells is usually determined by the extent of intersection of the wellbore with the fracture system. A need exists for fracture mapping methods and tools which can operate in a geothermal environment. In less hostile environments, the acoustic borehole televiewer has been shown to be a useful tool for determining location, orientation, and characterization of fractures as they intersect the borehole and for general wellbore and casing inspection. The development conducted at Sandia National Laboratories to adapt an acoustic borehole televiewer for operation in a geothermal environment is described. The modified instrument has been successfully tested at temperatures as high as 280/sup 0/C and pressures up to 5000 psi, and used successfully to map fractures and casing damage in geothermal wells.

Heard, F.E.; Bauman, T.J.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process  

SciTech Connect

An improved apparatus and process for removal of particulates entrained in a gas stream are provided. The removal process employs a pulse combustor to provide an acoustic pressure wave to acoustically enhance bimodal agglomeration of particulates which may be collected and removed using a conventional separation apparatus. A particulate having a size different from the size of the particulate in the gas stream to be cleaned is introduced into the system to effectuate the bimodal process. The apparatus may be employed as a direct fired system for improved operation of gas-operated equipment such as a gas turbine, or may, alternatively, be employed as an add-on subsystem for combustion exhaust clean-up. Additionally, the added particulate may be a sorbent for effecting sorption of other contaminants such as sulfur. Various other particulates for contaminant removal may also be introduced into the system as exemplified by alkali-gettering agents.

Mansour, Momtaz N. (Columbia, MD)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process  

SciTech Connect

An improved apparatus and process for removal of particulates entrained in a gas stream are provided. The removal process employs a pulse combustor to provide an acoustic pressure wave to acoustically enhance agglomeration of particulates which may be collected and removed using a conventional separation apparatus. The apparatus may be employed as a direct fired system for improved operation of gas-operated equipment such as a gas turbine, or may, alternatively, be employed as an add-on subsystem for combustion exhaust clean-up. Additionally, added particulates may include a sorbent for effecting sorption of other contaminants such as sulfur. Various other particulates for contaminant removal may also be introduced into the system as exemplified by alkali-gettering agents.

Mansour, Momtaz N. (Columbia, MD); Chandran, Ravi (Ellicott City, MD)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

NW-MILO Acoustic Data Collection  

SciTech Connect

There is an enduring requirement to improve our ability to detect potential threats and discriminate these from the legitimate commercial and recreational activity ongoing in the nearshore/littoral portion of the maritime domain. The Northwest Maritime Information and Littoral Operations (NW-MILO) Program at PNNL’s Coastal Security Institute in Sequim, Washington is establishing a methodology to detect and classify these threats - in part through developing a better understanding of acoustic signatures in a near-shore environment. The purpose of the acoustic data collection described here is to investigate the acoustic signatures of small vessels. The data is being recorded continuously, 24 hours a day, along with radar track data and imagery. The recording began in August 2008, and to date the data contains tens of thousands of signals from small vessels recorded in a variety of environmental conditions. The quantity and variety of this data collection, with the supporting imagery and radar track data, makes it particularly useful for the development of robust acoustic signature models and advanced algorithms for signal classification and information extraction. The underwater acoustic sensing system is part of a multi-modal sensing system that is operating near the mouth of Sequim Bay. Sequim Bay opens onto the Straight of Juan de Fuca, which contains part of the border between the U.S. and Canada. Table 1 lists the specific components used for the NW-MILO system. The acoustic sensor is a hydrophone permanently deployed at a mean depth of about 3 meters. In addition to a hydrophone, the other sensors in the system are a marine radar, an electro-optical (EO) camera and an infra-red (IR) camera. The radar is integrated with a vessel tracking system (VTS) that provides position, speed and heading information. The data from all the sensors is recorded and saved to a central server. The data has been validated in terms of its usability for characterizing the signatures of small vessels. The sampling rate of 8 kHz and low pass filtering to 2 kHz results in an alias-free signal in the frequency band that is appropriate for small vessels. Calibration was performed using a Lubell underwater speaker so that the raw data signal levels can be converted to sound pressure. Background noise is present due to a nearby pump and as a result of tidal currents. More study is needed to fully characterize the noise, but it does not pose an obstacle to using the acoustic data for the purposes of vessel detection and signature analysis. The detection range for a small vessel was estimated using the calibrated voltage response of the system and a cylindrical spreading model for transmission loss. The sound pressure of a typical vessel with an outboard motor was found to be around 140 dB mPa, and could theoretically be detected from 10 km away. In practical terms, a small vessel could reliably be detected from 3 - 5 km away. The data is archived in netCDF files, a standard scientific file format that is "self describing". This means that each data file contains the metadata - timestamps, units, origin, etc. - needed to make the data meaningful and portable. Other file formats, such as XML, are also supported. A visualization tool has been developed to view the acoustic data in the form of spectrograms, along with the coincident radar track data and camera images.

Matzner, Shari; Myers, Joshua R.; Maxwell, Adam R.; Jones, Mark E.

2010-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

337

Acoustic enhancement for photo detecting devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Provided are improvements to photo detecting devices and methods for enhancing the sensitivity of photo detecting devices. A photo detecting device generates an electronic signal in response to a received light pulse. An electro-mechanical acoustic resonator, electrically coupled to the photo detecting device, damps the electronic signal and increases the signal noise ratio (SNR) of the electronic signal. Increased photo detector standoff distances and sensitivities will result.

Thundat, Thomas G; Senesac, Lawrence R; Van Neste, Charles W

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

338

Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager - Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager Multimedia Nuclear Systems Analysis Engineering Analysis Nonproliferation and National Security Detection & Diagnostic Systems Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager VIDEO TRANSCRIPT Remote Vital Sign Monitoring System Preventing the Worst (by CNN) Engineering Development & Applications Argonne's Nuclear Science & Technology Legacy Other Multimedia Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Detection & Diagnostic Systems Multimedia Compressive Passive Millimeter-Wave Imager Video | Other sizes/formats available Other available versions of this video: Problems viewing the video in this page? Choose another format/size from the menu below; this video is available in Flash Video Flash, Quicktime video Quicktime or Windows Media video Windows Media format

339

The NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission: Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission is one of the first Earth observation satellites being developed by NASA in response to the National Research Council's Decadal Survey. Its mission design consists of L-band ...

O'Neill, Peggy

340

A Semi-Passive Containment Cooling System Conceptual Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to investigate a passive containment cooling system (PCCS) for the double concrete containment of the Korean Next Generation Reactor (KNGR). Two conceptual PCCS designs: the thermosyphon ...

Liu, H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Statistical Modeling Approach to Passive Microwave Rainfall Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new empirical algorithm for retrieving rainfall rates from passive microwave (particularly Special Sensor Microwave/Imager) data is presented. Errors caused by spatial and temporal variation of surface temperature, emissivity, and atmospheric ...

Douglas M. Smith; Dominic R. Kniveton; Eric C. Barrett

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

A Screening Methodology for Passive Microwave Precipitation Retrieval Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The success of any passive microwave precipitation retrieval algorithm relies on the proper identification of rain areas and the elimination of surface areas that produce a signature similar to that of precipitation. A discussion on the impact of ...

Ralph R. Ferraro; Eric A. Smith; Wesley Berg; George J. Huffman

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Passive Microwave Brightness Temperatures as Proxies for Hailstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite has been used to infer distributions of intense thunderstorms. Besides the lightning measurements from TRMM, the radar reflectivities and passive microwave brightness temperatures have been ...

Daniel J. Cecil

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Some Comments on Passive Microwave Measurement of Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is argued that because microwave radiation interacts much more strongly with hydrometeors than with cloud particles, microwave measurements from space offer a significant chance of making global precipitation estimates. Over oceans, passive ...

Thomas T. Wilheit

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Lagrangian Transport Calculations Using UARS Data. Part I. Passive Tracers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transport of passive tracers observed by the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite is simulated using computed three-dimensional trajectories of ? 100 000 air parcels initialized on a stratosphere grid, with horizontal winds provided by the ...

G.L. Manney; R.W. Zurek; W.A. Lahoz; R.S. Harwood; J.C. Gille; J.B. Kumer; J.L. Mergenthaler; A.E. Roche; A. O'Neill; R. Swinbank; J.W. Waters

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Parametric Rainfall Retrieval Algorithms for Passive Microwave Radiometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology is described to construct fully parametric rainfall retrieval algorithms for a variety of passive microwave sensors that exist today and are planned for the future. The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (...

Dong-Bin Shin; Christian Kummerow

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Overland Precipitation Estimation from TRMM Passive Microwave Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Procedures for passive microwave precipitation estimation over land are investigated based on a large database of Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) observations. The procedures include components for rain area delineation, convective/...

Mircea Grecu; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

State of the art in passive solar heating and cooling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress since the Albuquerque Passive Conference is discussed in terms of the major design approaches in buildings actually being constructed. Advantages and problem areas of each are described. Major areas where further work is needed are presented in detail.

Balcomb, J.D.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Development of the Passive Cooling Technique in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With more and more energy and environmental issues, the energy-saving and sustainable development of buildings is of utmost concern to the building industry. Passive cooling techniques can optimally utilize natural resources in order to reduce the energy consumption of buildings. At the same time, it can improve the buildings' thermal environment, so that it has gained the attention of many researchers and has been applied in many different zones of China. The author summarizes various passive cooling techniques, analyzes the research methods and simulation tools, and presents the results of a survey on actual applied conditions. We put forward the pivotal factors and the development direction of the technique. Comparing the thermal comfort zone of the passive cooling technique and the mechanical types, the passive cooling technique is found to be more suitable to people.

Zhou, J.; Wu, J.; Zhang, G.; Xu, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Estimating the Uncertainty in Passive-Microwave Rain Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current passive-microwave rain-retrieval methods are largely based on databases built offline using cloud models. Since the vertical distribution of hydrometeors within the cloud has a large impact on upwelling brightness temperatures, a forward ...

Dorothée Coppens; Ziad S. Haddad; Eastwood Im

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Passive mode locking of a XeCl laser  

SciTech Connect

Passive mode locking of a 20-ns pulse duration XeCl laser was achieved. A modulation of 90% and less than 2-ns pulses are reported using Coumarin 1 and Auramine-0 dyes as saturable absorbers.

Efthimiopoulos, T.

1984-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Transport of Passive Tracers in Baroclinic Wave Life Cycles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transport of passive tracers in idealized baroclinic wave life cycles is studied using output from the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate Model (CCM2). Two life cycles, LCn and LCs, are simulated, starting with ...

Elizabeth M. Stone; William J. Randel; John L. Stanford

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

State of the art in passive solar heating  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The state of the art is outlined according to four major categories: passive solar practice, evaluation, design air, and products and materials. Needed future research activities and joint industry/government activities are listed. (MHR)

Balcomb, J.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Silent Positioning in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a silent positioning scheme termed as UPS for underwater acoustic sensor networks. UPS relies on the time-difference of arrivals measured locally at a sensor to detect range differences from the sensor to four anchor nodes. These range differences are averaged over multiple beacon intervals before they are combined to estimate the 3D sensor location through trilateration. UPS requires no time-synchronization and provides location privacy at underwater vehicles/sensors whose locations need to be determined. To study the performance of UPS, we model the underwater acoustic channel as a modified Ultra Wide Band (UWB) S-V model: the arrival of each path cluster and paths within each cluster follow double Poisson distributions, and the multipath channel gain follows a Rician distribution. Based on this channel model, we perform both theoretical analysis and simulation study on the position error of UPS under acoustic fading channels. The obtained results indicate that UPS is an effective scheme for underwater vehicle/sensor self-positioning.

Xiuzhen Cheng; Haining Shu; Qilian Liang; David Hung-chang Du

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Commercial Thermal Desorption Tubes and the Effect of Ozone on Sampling Title Measurement of Passive Uptake Rates for Volatile Organic Compounds on Commercial Thermal Desorption Tubes and the Effect of Ozone on Sampling Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6257E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Maddalena, Randy L., Amanda Parra, Marion L. Russell, and Wen-Yee Lee Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords indoor air quality, Passive Sampling, Uptake Rates, vocs Abstract Diffusive or passive sampling methods using commercially filled axial-sampling thermal desorption tubes are widely used for measuring volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in air. The passive sampling method provides a robust, cost effective way to measure air quality with time-averaged concentrations spanning up to a week or more. Sampling rates for VOCs can be calculated using tube geometry and Fick's Law for ideal diffusion behavior or measured experimentally. There is evidence that uptake rates deviate from ideal and may not be constant over time. Therefore, experimentally measured sampling rates are preferred. In this project, a calibration chamber with a continuous stirred tank reactor design and constant VOC source was combined with active sampling to generate a controlled dynamic calibration environment for passive samplers. The chamber air was augmented with a continuous source of 45 VOCs ranging from pentane to diethyl phthalate representing a variety of chemical classes and physiochemical properties. Both passive and active samples were collected on commercially filled Tenax TA thermal desorption tubes over an 11-day period and used to calculate passive sampling rates. A second experiment was designed to determine the impact of ozone on passive sampling by using the calibration chamber to passively load five terpenes on a set of Tenax tubes and then exposing the tubes to different ozone environments with and without ozone scrubbers attached to the tube inlet. During the sampling rate experiment, the measured diffusive uptake was constant for up to seven days for most of the VOCs tested but deviated from linearity for some of the more volatile compounds between seven and eleven days. In the ozone experiment, both exposed and unexposed tubes showed a similar decline in terpene mass over time indicating back diffusion when uncapped tubes were transferred to a clean environment but there was no indication of significant loss by ozone reaction.

356

Underwater Acoustic Detection of Ultra High Energy Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the acoustic detection method of 10^18-20 eV neutrinos in a Mediterranean Sea environment. The acoustic signal is re-evaluated according to dedicated cascade simulations and a complex phase dependant absorption model, and compared to previous studies. We detail the evolution of the acoustic signal as function of the primary shower characteristics and of the acoustic propagation range. The effective volume of detection for a single hydrophone is given taking into account the limitations due to sea bed and surface boundaries as well as refraction effects. For this 'benchmark detector' we present sensitivity limits to astrophysical neutrino fluxes, from which sensitivity bounds for a larger acoustic detector can be derived. Results suggest that with a limited instrumentation the acoustic method would be more efficient at extreme energies, above 10^20 eV.

V. Niess; V. Bertin

2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

357

Solar air-conditioning-active, hybrid and passive  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

After a discussion of summer air conditioning requirements in the United States, active, hybrid, and passive cooling systems are defined. Active processes and systems include absorption, Rankine cycle, and a small variety of miscellaneous systems. The hybrid solar cooling and dehumidification technology of desiccation is covered as well as evaporative cooling. The passive solar cooling processes covered include convective, radiative and evaporative cooling. Federal and state involvement in solar cooling is then discussed. (LEW)

Yellott, J. I.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Indirect passive cooling system for liquid metal cooled nuclear reactors  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a passive cooling system. It is for liquid metal cooled nuclear reactors having a pool of liquid metal coolant with the heat generating fissionable fuel core substantially immersed in the pool of liquid metal coolant. The passive cooling system including a combination of spaced apart side-by-side partitions in generally concentric arrangement and providing for intermediate fluid circulation and heat transfer therebetween.

Hunsbedt, A.; Boardman, C.E.

1990-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

359

Performance estimates for attached-sunspace passive solar heated buildings  

SciTech Connect

Performance predictions have been made for attached-sunspace types of passively solar heated buildings. The predictions are based on hour-by-hour computer simulations using computer models developed in the framework of PASOLE, the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) passive solar energy simulation program. The models have been validated by detailed comparison with actual hourly temperature measurements taken in attached-sunspace test rooms at LASL.

McFarland, R.D.; Jones, R.W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Electret Acoustic Transducer Array For Computerized Ultrasound Risk Evaluation System  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electret-based acoustic transducer array is provided and may be used in a system for examining tissue. The acoustic transducer array is formed with a substrate that has a multiple distinct cells formed therein. Within each of the distinct cells is positioned an acoustic transducing element formed of an electret material. A conductive membrane is formed over the distinct cells and may be flexible.

Moore, Thomas L. (Livermore, CA); Fisher, Karl A. (Brentwood, CA)

2005-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Preservation of FFTF Data Related to Passive Safety Testing  

SciTech Connect

One of the goals of the Fuel Cycle Research and Development Program (FCRD) is to preserve the knowledge that has been gained in the United States on Liquid Metal Reactors (LMR). A key area deserving special attention for preservation is the data relating to passive safety testing that was conducted in FFTF and EBR-II during the 1980’s. Accidents at Unit 4 of the Chernobyl Station and Unit 2 at Three Mile Island changed the safety paradigm of the nuclear power industry. New emphasis was placed on assured safety based on intrinsic plant characteristics that protect not only the public, but the significant investment in the plant as well. Plants designated to perform in this manner are considered to be passively safe since no active sensor/alarm system or human intervention is required to bring the reactor to a safe shutdown condition. The liquid metal reactor (LMR) has several key characteristics needed for a passively safe reactor: reactor coolant with superior heat transfer capability and very high boiling point, low (atmospheric) system pressures, and reliable negative reactivity feedback. The credibility of the design for a passively safe LMR rests on two issues: the validity of analytic methods used to predict passive safety performance and the availability of relevant test data to calibrate design tools. Safety analysis methods used to analyze LMRs under the old safety paradigm were focused on calculating the source term for the Core Disruptive Accident. Passive safety design requires refined analysis methods for transient events because treatment of the detailed reactivity feedbacks is important in predicting the response of the reactor. Similarly, analytic tools should be calibrated against actual test experience in existing LMR facilities. The principal objectives of the combined FFTF natural circulation and Passive Safety Testing program were: 1) to verify natural circulation as a reliable means to safely remove decay heat, 2) to extend passive safety experience to a large-size LMR and obtain data for validating design analysis computer codes, and 3) to develop and test passive safety enhancements that might be used for future LMRs. These tests were designed to provide data sufficient to allow separation of fuel temperature effects from structural temperature effects. The data developed through this testing program were used to verify the predictive capability of passive safety analysis methods as well as provide a data base for calibrating design tools such as the SASSYS/SAS4A codes. These tests were instrumental in improving understanding of reactivity feedback mechanisms in LMRs and demonstrating passive safety margins available in an LMR. Knowledge preservation at the FFTF is focused on the areas of design, construction, startup, and operation of the reactor. This information may be of potential use for international exchanges with other LMR programs around the world. This information provides the basis for creating benchmarks for validating and testing large scale computer programs. All information preserved to date is now being stored and categorized consistent with the IAEA international standardized taxonomy. The test results information exists in several different formats depending upon the final stage of the test evaluation. Over 100 documents relevant to passive safety testing have been identified and are being recovered, scanned, and catalogued. Attempts to recover plant data tapes are also in progress. Documents related to passive safety testing are now being categorized consistent with internationally agreed upon IAEA standards. Documents are being converted to electronic format compatible with a general search engine being developed by INL. The data from the FFTF passive safety tests provides experimental verification of structural reactivity effects that should be very useful to innovative designers seeking to optimize passive safety in the design of new LMRs.

Wootan, David W.; Butner, R. Scott; Omberg, Ronald P.; Makenas, Bruce J.; Nielsen, Deborah L.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Acoustic ranging technique with application to assessment of low-frequency acoustic noise of wind turbines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Impulsive low-frequency noise from wind turbines can cause annoyance particularly when a residential structure is involved. Such noise is typically generated in some spatially restricted region of a turbine rotor swept area. Low-frequency impulsive noise of the MOD-1 turbine was generated when the rotor blades passed downwind of the tower legs encountering the complex unsteady flows there. An acoustic ranging technique that aids assessment of the degree of concentration of acoustic generation within the turbine swept area and which determines the time-average spatial source region of such concentration is described. Practical applications and limitations of the process are discussed.

Hemphill, R.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network with Energy Harvesting Nodes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis explores the possibility of a self sustained and service free Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network (UASN). The network nodes are installed along a subsea… (more)

Huseby, Morten

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

WIRELESS MICROWAVE ACOUSTIC SENSOR SYSTEM FOR CONDITION MONITORING...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WIRELESS MICROWAVE ACOUSTIC SENSOR SYSTEM FOR CONDITION MONITORING IN POWER PLANT ENVIRONMENTS Project DE-FE0007379TDD NETL, Morgantown, WV, March 14, 2012. DOE NETL Program:...

365

Nondestructive acoustic electric field probe apparatus and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to a nondestructive acoustic electric field probe and its method of use. A source of acoustic pulses of arbitrary but selected shape is placed in an oil bath along with material to be tested across which a voltage is disposed and means for receiving acoustic pulses after they have passed through the material. The received pulses are compared with voltage changes across the material occurring while acoustic pulses pass through it and analysis is made thereof to determine preselected characteristics of the material.

Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

MAC and Routing Protocols for Mobile Underwater Acoustic Sensor Swarms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pressure Routing for Underwater Sensor Networks . . . . . .of Aloha Protocols for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks.Critical Applications in Underwater Sensor Networks. In

Noh, Young Tae

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Use of an acoustic network as an underwater positioning system .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Underwater acoustic networks provide an interface between UUVs and surface or land-based control systems. By exploiting range data measured incidental to communications on these networks… (more)

Reed, Michael S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Using Scanning Acoustic Microscopy to Study Subsurface Defects ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The resolution of the reflection acoustic microscope is somewhat better than the resolution based on the Rayleigh criterion and is given by the equation6: ...

369

COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC AND ELECTRICAL IMAGE LOGS FROM THE COSO...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fractures are difficult to identify in electrical image logs because of the low percentage of the borehole wall imaged. Analysis of induced structures in acoustic image logs...

370

High Frequency Acoustic Wave Scattering From Turbulent Premixed Flames .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes an experimental investigation of high frequency acoustic wave scattering from turbulent premixed flames. The objective of this work was to characterize the… (more)

Narra, Venkateswarlu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Self-adaptive methods for acoustic focusing and mode extraction in a shallow ocean waveguide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 Time-reversal in the shallow ocean . . . . . .applications versus ocean acoustic SONAR and communicationsH. Schmidt, Computational Ocean Acoustics, (AIP New York,

Walker, Shane C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Spectrally efficient underwater acoustic communications : channel characterization and design aspects for OFDM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with L = 9 for an underwater channel impulse response with Ladaptive modulation in underwater acoustic communications,”Adaptive OFDM for underwater acoustic channels with limited

Radoševi?, Andreja

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Acoustic analogues of black hole singularities  

SciTech Connect

We search for acoustic analogues of a spherical symmetric black hole with a pointlike source. We show that the gravitational system has a dynamical counterpart in the constrained, steady motion of a fluid with a planar source. The equations governing the dynamics of the gravitational system can be exactly mapped in those governing the motion of the fluid. The different meaning that singularities and sources have in fluid dynamics and in general relativity is also discussed. Whereas in the latter a pointlike source is always associated with a (curvature) singularity in the former the presence of sources does not necessarily imply divergences of the fields.

Cadoni, Mariano; Mignemi, Salvatore [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Cagliari, and INFN, Sezione di Cagliari, Cittadella Universitaria 09042 Monserrato (Italy); Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Cagliari, viale Merello 92, 09123 Cagliari, Italy, and INFN, Sezione di Cagliari (Italy)

2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

Acoustic analogues of black hole singularities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We search for acoustic analogues of a spherical symmetric black hole with a pointlike source. We show that the gravitational system has a dynamical counterpart in the constrained, steady motion of a fluid with a planar source. The equations governing the dynamics of the gravitational system can be exactly mapped in those governing the motion of the fluid. The different meaning that singularities and sources have in fluid dynamics and in general relativity is also discussed. Whereas in the latter a pointlike source is always associated with a (curvature) singularity in the former the presence of sources does not necessarily imply divergences of the fields.

Mariano Cadoni; Salvatore Mignemi

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

375

Energy flow in acoustic black holes  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of an analysis of superradiant energy flow due to scalar fields incident on an acoustic black hole. In addition to providing independent confirmation of the recent results in [E. Berti, V. Cardoso, and J. P. S. Lemos, Phys. Rev. D 70, 124006 (2004).], we determine in detail the profile of energy flow everywhere outside the horizon. We confirm explicitly that in a suitable frame the energy flow is inward at the horizon and outward at infinity, as expected on physical grounds.

Choy, K.; Kruk, T.; Carrington, M.E.; Fugleberg, T.; Zahn, J.; Kobes, R.; Kunstatter, G.; Pickering, D. [Department of Physics, Brandon University, Brandon, Manitoba, R7A 6A9 (Canada) and Winnipeg Institute for Theoretical Physics, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R7A 6A9 (Canada) and Winnipeg Institute for Theoretical Physics, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Department of Mathematics, Brandon University, Brandon, Manitoba, R7A 6A9 (Canada)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks: Research Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater sensor nodes will find applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, o#shore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation and tactical surveillance applications. Moreover, unmanned or autonomous underwater vehicles (UUVs, AUVs), equipped with sensors, will enable the exploration of natural undersea resources and gathering of scientific data in collaborative monitoring missions. Underwater acoustic networking is the enabling technology for these applications. Underwater networks consist of a variable number of sensors and vehicles that are deployed to perform collaborative monitoring tasks over a given area.

Ian Akyildiz Dario; Ian F. Akyildiz; Dario Pompili; Tommaso Melodia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks: Research Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater sensor nodes will find applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, o#shore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation and tactical surveillance applications. Moreover, unmanned or autonomous underwater vehicles (UUVs, AUVs), equipped with sensors, will enable the exploration of natural undersea resources and gathering of scientific data in collaborative monitoring missions. Underwater acoustic networking is the enabling technology for these applications. Underwater networks consist of a variable number of sensors and vehicles that are deployed to perform collaborative monitoring tasks over a given area. In this

Ian F. Akyildiz; Dario Pompili; Tommaso Melodia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Fast LMS/Newton algorithms for stereophonic acoustic echo cancelation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new class of adaptive filtering algorithms to solve the stereophonic acoustic echo cancelation (AEC) problem in teleconferencing systems. While stereophonic AEC may be seen as a simple generalization of the well-known single-channel ... Keywords: LMS/Newton, adaptive filters, lattice orthogonalization, stereo acoustic echo cancellation (AEC)

Harsha I. K. Rao; Behrouz Farhang-Boroujeny

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Resonant acoustic transducer system for a well drilling string  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

For use in transmitting acoustic waves propated along a well drilling string, a piezoelectric transducer is provided operating in the relatively low loss acoustic propagation range of the well drilling string. The efficiently coupled transmitting transducer incorporates a mass-spring-piezoelectric transmitter combination permitting a resonant operation in the desired low frequency range.

Nardi, Anthony P. (Burlington, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Resonant acoustic transducer system for a well drilling string  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

For use in transmitting acoustic waves propagated along a well drilling string, a piezoelectric transducer is provided operating in the relatively low loss acoustic propagation range of the well drilling string. The efficiently coupled transmitting transducer incorporates a mass-spring-piezoelectric transmitter combination permitting resonant operation in the desired low frequency range.

Kent, William H. (Westford, MA); Mitchell, Peter G. (Concord, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Tomographic Maps of the Ocean Mesoscale. Part 1: Pure Acoustics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A field test of ocean acoustic tomography was conducted in 1981 for a two month period in a 300 km square at 26°N, 70°W in the North Atlantic (just south of the MODE region). Nine acoustic deep-sea moorings with sea floor transponders for ...

B. Cornuelle; C. Wunsch; D. Behringer; T. Birdsall; M. Brown; R. Heinmiller; R. Knox; K. Metzger; W. Munk; J. Spiesberger; R. Spindel; D. Webb; P. Worcester

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Focused beam routing protocol for underwater acoustic networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-hop transmission is considered for large coverage areas in bandwidth-limited underwater acoustic networks. In this paper, we present a scalable routing technique based on location information, and optimized for minimum energy per bit consumption. ... Keywords: power control, routing, underwater acoustic networks

Josep Miquel Jornet; Milica Stojanovic; Michele Zorzi

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Acoustic detection of partial discharges in insulation oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we performed an insulation diagnosis technique for oil-immersed power transformers by an acoustic detection method. Electrode system such as needle to plane electrode was fabricated to simulate a defect of power transformers. In addition, ... Keywords: acoustic detection, frequency component, insulation diagnostic, partial discharge, positioning

Dae-Won Park; Sang-Wook Cha; Gyung-Suk Kil

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Intelligent acoustic rotor speed estimation for an autonomous helicopter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustic sensing to gather information about a machine can be highly beneficial, but processing the data can be difficult. In this work, a variety of methodologies have been studied to extract rotor speed information from the sound signature of an autonomous ... Keywords: Acoustic sensing, Adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system, Artificial neural network, Feature selection, Genetic algorithm, Helicopter, Rotor speeds

Benjamin N. Passow; Mario A. Gongora; Adrian A. Hopgood; Sophy Smith

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Acoustical Measurement of Current and Vorticity beneath Ice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An acoustical instrument has been developed to measure path-averaged horizontal current and vorticity in the subice boundary layer of the eastern Arctic during the spring of 1989. A triangular acoustic array of side 200 m was used to obtain ...

Dimitris Menemenlis; David M. Farmer

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Fractured-Bedrock Aquifer Investigations Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Borehole-Wall Imaging with Acoustic and Optical Televiewers for Fractured-Bedrock Aquifer Investigations Abstract Imaging with acoustic and optical televiewers results in continuous and oriented 360 degree views of the borehole wall from which the character and orientation of lithologic and structural features can be defined for fractured-bedrock aquifer investigations. Fractures are more clearly defined under a wider range of conditions on acoustic images than on optical images including dark-colored rocks, cloudy borehole water, and coated borehole walls. However, optical images allow for the direct viewing

387

Acoustic-velocity measurements in materials using a regenerative method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Acoustic energy is propatated through earth material between an electro-acoustic generator and a receiver which converts the received acoustic energy into electrical signals. A closed loop is formed by a variable gain amplifier system connected between the receiver and the generator. The gain of the amplifier system is increased until sustained oscillations are produced in the closed loop. The frequency of the oscillations is measured as an indication of the acoustic propagation velocity through the earth material. The amplifier gain is measured as an indication of the acoustic attenuation through the earth materials. The method is also applicable to the non-destructive testing of structural materials, such as steel, aluminum and concrete.

Laine, E.F.

1982-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

388

Acoustic velocity measurements in materials using a regenerative method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Acoustic energy is propagated through earth material between an electro-acoustic generator and a receiver which converts the received acoustic energy into electrical signals. A closed loop is formed by a variable gain amplifier system connected between the receiver and the generator. The gain of the amplifier system is increased until sustained oscillations are produced in the closed loop. The frequency of the oscillations is measured as an indication of the acoustic propagation velocity through the earth material. The amplifier gain is measured as an indication of the acoustic attenuation through the earth materials. The method is also applicable to the non-destructive testing of structural materials, such as steel, aluminum and concrete.

Laine, Edwin F. (Alamo, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: AcousticCalc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AcousticCalc AcousticCalc Developed over the last decade, AcousticCalc helps designers predict sound levels at the room level from a distant sound source. The program uses the ASHRAE Handbook and ASHRAE's 1991 Algorithms for HVAC Acoustics handbook methods with the "Source-Path-Receiver" model. This easy-to-use Windows-based program allows a user to define and save unlimited number of sound sources, save and define unlimited number of sound "paths" (composed of long list of possible duct component types) and model the ceiling effect and three different models for room effect. AcousticCalc allows a user to import and export (share) sound sources, user-defined devices, terminal units, and duct silencers with other users. Easy-to-navigate "tree" modeling allows an unlimited number of sound

390

Broadband Acoustic Environment at a Tidal Energy Site in Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect

Admiralty Inlet has been selected as a potential tidal energy site. It is located near shipping lanes, is a highly variable acoustic environment, and is frequented by the endangered southern resident killer whale (SRKW). Resolving environmental impacts is the first step to receiving approval to deploy tidal turbines. Several monitoring technologies are being considered to determine the presence of SRKW near the turbines. Broadband noise level measurements are critical for determining design and operational specifications of these technologies. Acoustic environment data at the proposed site was acquired at different depths using a cabled vertical line array from three different cruises during high tidal period in February, May, and June 2011. The ambient noise level decreases approximately 25 dB re 1 ?Pa per octave from frequency ranges of 1 kHz to 70 kHz, and increases approximately 20 dB re 1 ?Pa per octave for the frequency from 70 kHz to 200 kHz. The difference of noise pressure levels in different months varies from 10 to 30 dB re 1 ?Pa for the frequency range below 70 kHz. Commercial shipping and ferry vessel traffic were found to be the most significant contributors to sound pressure levels for the frequency range from 100 Hz to 70 kHz, and the variation could be as high as 30 dB re 1 ?Pa. These noise level measurements provide the basic information for designing and evaluating both active and passive monitoring systems proposed for deploying and operating for tidal power generation alert system.

Xu, Jinshan; Deng, Zhiqun; Martinez, Jayson J.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Weiland, Mark A.

2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

391

Passive solar potential of a conventional home. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A conventional home not designed for passive solar heating was found to use an average of 61% less natural gas for space heating when compared to four similarly used control homes of identical design during the 1979-1980 heating season in Fort Collins, Colorado. The significant savings are attributed to: (1) passive solar gain through conventional windows; (2) optimum orientation of the home placing windows and doors away from prevailing winds; (3) the use of low-cost insulating window shutters; (4) conventional winterization; and (5) energy-conscious life-styles of the occupants. The payback period for the minor investment made by the owners of the demonstration home was estimated to be approximately two years. The results demonstrate that passive solar has a much greater potential in a conventional home than is currently believed and suggest that all future homes be oriented and constructed for maximum solar exposure.

Waterman, E.L.

1981-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

392

Conservation of Severely Damaged Paper Using Passivation Polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work examined the use of passivation polymers in the conservation of severely damaged paper. It specifically investigated the use of this functional polymer treatment to address the issues of damage to paper caused by waterlogging, mold, and internal acidity. Several experiments were designed and conducted to examine the effects of the polymers in the conservation of papers compromised by these conditions. Paper artifacts from the Bonfire Memorabilia Collection were selected and conserved using treatment protocols that included the use of the passivation polymers. The conservation of some of the damaged papers from this culturally important site demonstrated the effectiveness of the polymer treatment in real-world conservation situations. This dissertation established that the use of passivation polymers adds strength and stability to severely damaged paper.

Eilert, Eloise

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Remote detection of chemicals with passive millimeter waves.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passive millimeter-wave (mmW) systems have been used in the past to remotely map solid targets and to measure low-pressure spectral lines of stratospheric and interstellar gases; however, its application to pressure-broadened spectral detection of terrestrial gases is new. A radiative transfer model was developed to determine the detection feasibility and system requirements for passive mmW spectral detection. A Dicke-switched multispectral radiometer that operates at 146-154 GHz was designed and built for remote detection of stack gases. The radiometer was tested in the laboratory using a gas cell; the spectra of acetonitrile were detected passively against a cold background, which mimicked typical remote detection scenarios in the field. With Dicke-switched integration of radiometric signals, on-line calibration, and novel signal processing to minimize atmospheric fluctuation, spectral line detection of polar molecules is possible from chemical plumes a few kilometers away.

Gopalsami, N.; Bakhtiari, S.; Elmer, T. W.; Raptis, A. C.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Opto-acoustic transducer for medical applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is an optically activated transducer for generating acoustic vibrations in a biological medium. The transducer is located at the end of a fiber optic which may be located within a catheter. Energy for operating the transducer is provided optically by laser light transmitted through the fiber optic to the transducer. Pulsed laser light is absorbed in the working fluid of the transducer to generate a thermal pressure and consequent adiabatic expansion of the transducer head such that it does work against the ambient medium. The transducer returns to its original state by a process of thermal cooling. The motion of the transducer within the ambient medium couples acoustic energy into the medium. By pulsing the laser at a high repetition rate (which may vary from CW to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus. The catheter may also incorporate anti-thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it may be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control.

Benett, William (Livermore, CA); Celliers, Peter (Berkeley, CA); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA); Glinsky, Michael (Livermore, CA); London, Richard (Orinda, CA); Maitland, Duncan (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA); Krulevich, Peter (Pleasanton, CA); Lee, Abraham (Walnut Creek, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Opto-acoustic transducer for medical applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is an optically activated transducer for generating acoustic vibrations in a biological medium. The transducer is located at the end of a fiber optic which may be located within a catheter. Energy for operating the transducer is provided optically by laser light transmitted through the fiber optic to the transducer. Pulsed laser light is absorbed in the working fluid of the transducer to generate a thermal pressure and consequent adiabatic expansion of the transducer head such that it does work against the ambient medium. The transducer returns to its original state by a process of thermal cooling. The motion of the transducer within the ambient medium couples acoustic energy into the medium. By pulsing the laser at a high repetition rate (which may vary from CW to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus. The catheter may also incorporate anti-thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it may be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control.

Benett, William (Livermore, CA); Celliers, Peter (Berkeley, CA); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA); Glinsky, Michael (Livermore, CA); London, Richard (Orinda, CA); Maitland, Duncan (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA); Krulevich, Peter (Pleasanton, CA); Lee, Abraham (Walnut Creek, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Opto-acoustic transducer for medical applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This invention is an optically activated transducer for generating acoustic vibrations in a biological medium. The transducer is located at the end of a fiber optic which may be located within a catheter. Energy for operating the transducer is provided optically by laser light transmitted through the fiber optic to the transducer. Pulsed laser light is absorbed in the working fluid of the transducer to generate a thermal pressure and consequent adiabatic expansion of the transducer head such that it does work against the ambient medium. The transducer returns to its original state by a process of thermal cooling. The motion of the transducer within the ambient medium couples acoustic energy into the medium. By pulsing the laser at a high repetition rate (which may vary from CW to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus. The catheter may also incorporate anti-thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it may be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control. 7 figs.

Benett, W.; Celliers, P.; Da Silva, L.; Glinsky, M.; London, R.; Maitland, D.; Matthews, D.; Krulevich, P.; Lee, A.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

397

Designing passive solar buildings to reduce temperature swings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Control of temperature swings is a major consideration in design of passive solar heated buildings - especially so as the designer seeks to achieve most of the building heat from the sun. Observations of temperature swings in several passive buildings are cited. Methods of temperature control are discussed, both by means of control intervention such as using of auxiliary backup heating, ventilation, and blowers, and by means of building design. The design approach is preferred as the main course with the intervention techniques used for fine tuning.

Balcomb, D.

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Fast correlation method for passive-solar design  

SciTech Connect

A passive-solar design manual for single-family detached residences and dormitory-type buildings is being developed. The design procedure employed in the manual is a simplification of the original monthly solar load ratio (SLR) method. The new SLR correlations involve a single constant for each system. The correlation constant appears as a scale factor permitting the use of a universal performance curve for all passive systems. Furthermore, by providing location-dependent correlations between the annual solar heating fraction (SHF) and the minimum monthly SHF, we have eliminated the need to perform an SLR calculation for each month of the heating season.

Wray, W.O.; Biehl, F.A.; Kosiewicz, C.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

List of Passive Solar Space Heat Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Space Heat Incentives Space Heat Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 278 Passive Solar Space Heat Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 278) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Alternative Energy and Energy Conservation Patent Exemption (Corporate) (Massachusetts) Industry Recruitment/Support Massachusetts Commercial Biomass Fuel Cells Geothermal Electric Ground Source Heat Pumps Hydroelectric energy Municipal Solid Waste Passive Solar Space Heat Photovoltaics Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat Wind energy Yes Alternative Energy and Energy Conservation Patent Exemption (Personal) (Massachusetts) Industry Recruitment/Support Massachusetts General Public/Consumer Biomass

400

Experimental Verification of SWR 1000 Passive Components and Systems  

SciTech Connect

Many tests were done in different test facilities to verify the passive components and systems of the SWR 1000 BWR. Test results are given here in detail only for the full-scale tests. For these tests, the main test results are: 1. The Passive Pressure Pulse Transmitter activates safety related valves with a time delay of less than 5 seconds. 2. The vent pipes developed for the SWR 1000 avoid chugging completely. 3. The 2-arm quenchers in the SWR 1000 generate good mixing of hot and cold water in the flooding pool. (author)

Meseth, Johann [Framatome ANP GmbH, P.O. Box 10 10 63, D-63010 Offenbach (Germany)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Passive magnetic bearing element with minimal power losses  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems employing passive magnetic bearing elements having minimal power losses are provided. Improved stabilizing elements are shown, employing periodic magnet arrays and inductively loaded circuits, but with improved characteristics compared to the elements disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 5,495,221 entitled "Dynamically Stable Magnetic Suspension/Bearing System." The improvements relate to increasing the magnitude of the force derivative, while at the same time reducing the power dissipated during the normal operation of the bearing system, to provide a passive bearing system that has virtually no losses under equilibrium conditions, that is, when the supported system is not subject to any accelerations except those of gravity.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Passive-solar design manual for the United States Navy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A passive solar design manual for single-family detached residences and dormitory-type buildings is being developed. The design procedure employed in the manual is a simplification of the original monthly solar load ratio (SLR) method. The new SLR correlations involve a single constant for each system. The correlation constant appears as a scale factor permitting the use of a universal performance curve for all passive systems. Furthermore, by providing location-dependent correlations between the annual solar heating fraction (SHF)* and the minimum monthly SHF, we have eliminated the need to perform an SLR calculation for each month of the heating season.

Wray, W.O.; Biehl, F.A.; Kosiewicz, C.R.; Miles, C.R. Durlak, E.R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Passive magnetic bearing element with minimal power losses  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems employing passive magnetic bearing elements having minimal power losses are provided. Improved stabilizing elements are shown, employing periodic magnet arrays and inductively loaded circuits, but with improved characteristics compared to the elements disclosed in US Patent No. 5,495,221 entitled ``Dynamically Stable Magnetic Suspension/Bearing System.`` The improvements relate to increasing the magnitude of the force derivative, while at the same time reducing the power dissipated during the normal operation of the bearing system, to provide a passive bearing system that has virtually no losses under equilibrium conditions, that is, when the supported system is not subject to any accelerations except those of gravity. 8 figs.

Post, R.F.

1998-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

404

Passive solar design calculations with the DOE-2 computer program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE-2 computer program has been modified to improve modeling of passive-solar buildings by the addition of the custom weighting-factor method. The thermal-load and air-temperature calculation procedure in DOE-2 are described. Assumptions inherent in the use of American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) precalculated and the custom weighting factors are discussed. Calculated results from DOE-2 are compared with measured heat-extraction rates and air temperatures for four buildings. These comparisons indicate that DOE-2 can accurately model direct-gain passive buildings and can treat night-ventilative cooling and water walls in an approximate manner.

Kerrisk, J.F.; Moore, J.E.; Schnurr, N.M.; Hunn, B.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Droplet Combustion and Non-Reactive Shear-Coaxial Jets with Transverse Acoustic Excitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Related Works in Droplet Combustion . . . . . . . .of Acoustics on Droplet Combustion . . . . . . . . . . . .Fuel Droplet Combustion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Teshome, Sophonias

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A Numerical Study on the Enhancement of Heat Transfer by Pressure Distributions in Acoustic Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The enhancement of heat transfer in a cavity was investigated in the absence of and in the presence of acoustic streaming induced by ultrasonic waves. The present study provides the experimental and numerical results of heat transfer in the acoustic ... Keywords: Acoustic pressure, Acoustic streaming, Coupled FE-BEM, Particle imaging velocimetry (PIV), Ultrasonic wave

Y. K. Oh; H. D. Yang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Passive-Solar-Heating Analysis: a new ASHRAE manual  

SciTech Connect

The forthcoming ASHRAE book, Passive Solar Heating Analysis, is described. ASHRAE approval procedures are discussed. An overview of the contents is given. The development of the solar load ratio correlations is described, and the applicability of the analysis method is discussed.

Balcomb, J.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Simple procedure for schematic design of passive solar buildings  

SciTech Connect

A simple procedure for use during the schematic phase of passive solar building design is presented in this article. The procedure is quantitative and accurate enough to insure that designs based on the provided starting point values of the primary building parameters will be cost effective.

Wray, W.O.; Kosiewicz, C.E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Utilizing Passive Ventilation to Complement HVAC Systems in Enclosed Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilizing Passive Ventilation to Complement HVAC Systems in Enclosed Buildings Tom Rogg REU Student to assist HVAC has the potential to significantly reduce life cycle cost and energy consumption and electrical system that will tie thermostats to controlled valves in the actual HVAC system. Based on results

Mountziaris, T. J.

410

Transparent heat mirrors for passive solar heating applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent progress in the development of transparent heat mirror coatings for energy-efficient windows and passive solar applications is reviewed. It appears that cost-efficient coatings promising savings of 25 to 75%, depending upon application, may be available to window manufacturers and homeowners in the next one to three years. Performance, applications, and limitations are discussed.

Selkowitz, S.

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Natural circulating passive cooling system for nuclear reactor containment structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive cooling system for the contaminant structure of a nuclear reactor plant providing protection against overpressure within the containment attributable to inadvertent leakage or rupture of the system components. The cooling system utilizes natural convection for transferring heat imbalances and enables the discharge of irradiation free thermal energy to the atmosphere for heat disposal from the system.

Gou, Perng-Fei (Saratoga, CA); Wade, Gentry E. (Saratoga, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Passive cooling system for nuclear reactor containment structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive cooling system for the contaminant structure of a nuclear reactor plant providing protection against overpressure within the containment attributable to inadvertent leakage or rupture of the system components. The cooling system utilizes natural convection for transferring heat imbalances and enables the discharge of irradiation free thermal energy to the atmosphere for heat disposal from the system.

Gou, Perng-Fei (Saratoga, CA); Wade, Gentry E. (Saratoga, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Passive cooling with solar updraft and evaporative downdraft chimneys  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Computer models have been developed to describe the operation of both solar updraft and evaporative downdraft chimneys. Design studies are being conducted at the present time to use the towers for cooling an experimental, well instrumented, structure to study passive cooling in residential buildings. (MHR)

Mignon, G.V.; Cunningham, W.A.; Thompson, T.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Convection of Concentrated Vortices and Passive Scalars as Solitary Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new version of a computational method, Vorticity Confinement, is described. Vorticity Confinement has been shown to efficiently treat thin features in multi-dimensional incompressible fluid flow, such as vortices and streams of passive scalars, and ... Keywords: CFD, scalar convection, solitary wave, vortical flow, vorticity confinement

John Steinhoff; Meng Fan; Lesong Wang; William Dietz

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Calculating failure probabilities of passive systems during transients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A time-dependent reliability evaluation of a two-loop passive Decay Heat Removal (DHR) system was performed as part of the iterative design process for a helium-cooled fast reactor. The system was modeled using RELAP5-3D. ...

Mackay, Francisco J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Capillary-Pumped Passive Reactor Concept for Space Nuclear Power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To develop the passively-cooled space reactor concept using the capillary-induced lithium flow, since molten lithium possesses a very favorable surface tension characteristic. In space where the gravitational field is minimal, the gravity-assisted natural convection cooling is not effective nor an option for reactor heat removal, the capillary induced cooling becomes an attractive means of providing reactor cooling.

Dr. Thomas F. Lin; Dr. Thomas G. Hughes; Christopher G. Miller

2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

417

Entirely passive heat pipe apparatus capable of operating against gravity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to an entirely passive heat pipe apparatus capable of operating against gravity for vertical distances in the order of 3 to 7 meters and more. A return conduit into which an inert gas is introduced is used to lower the specific density of the working fluid so that it may be returned a greater vertical distance from condenser to evaporator.

Koenig, Daniel R. (Santa Fe, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Passivation of quartz for halogen-containing light sources  

SciTech Connect

Lifetime of halogen containing VUV, UV, visible or IR light sources can be extended by passivating the quartz or glass gas containers with halogens prior to filling the quartz with the halogen and rare gas mixtures used to produce the light.

Falkenstein, Zoran (Los Alamos, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Analysis of Hydrogen Depletion Using a Scaled Passive Autocatalytic Recombiner  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen depletion tests of a scaled passive autocatalytic recombine (pAR) were performed in the Surtsey test vessel at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). The experiments were used to determine the hydrogen depletion rate of a PAR in the presence of steam and also to evaluate the effect of scale (number of cartridges) on the PAR performance at both low and high hydrogen concentrations.

Blanchat, T.K.; Malliakos, A.

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

420

Can passive solar technology help meet African village energy needs  

SciTech Connect

Findings based on attempts to implement renewable energy in African villages over the last three years are presented. Specifically, village energy needs are identified and passive solar technologies are matched with each need. This needs/technology matching process is dominated by social, economic and cultural considerations. It is shown how the technology can only have significance when adapted to particular village settings and when it is understood within the cultural framework of the people. The resources available to most African villages are sunlight, mud, dung, thatch and person power. Villagers must be trained to make solar units such as solar ovens, passive air heaters, food dryers, water heaters, passive coolers and insulation out of these materials and some imported glass or fiberglass. These solar units must cost less than ten or fifteen dollars. Experiences in training, construction, performance and village acceptance are presented along with justification for the conclusion that passive solar technology has limited, but important, applications in improving living conditions and health standards in African villages.

Lillywhite, M.; Lillywhite, L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A passivity-based decentralized strategy for generalized connectivity maintenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of decentralized controllers coping with the typical constraints on the inter-robot sensing/communication capabilities represents a promising direction in multi-robot research thanks to the inherent scalability and fault tolerance of these ... Keywords: algebraic graph theory, bilateral shared control, connectivity maintenance, decentralized control, decentralized estimation, mobile robotics, multi-robot systems, passivity-based control

Paolo Robuffo Giordano, Antonio Franchi, Cristian Secchi, Heinrich H Bülthoff

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Review: A survey of active and passive indoor localisation systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years the need for indoor localisation has increased. Earlier systems have been deployed in order to demonstrate that indoor localisation can be done. Many researchers are referring to location estimation as a crucial component in numerous ... Keywords: Indoor active localisation, Indoor passive localisation, Location estimation techniques

Gabriel Deak; Kevin Curran; Joan Condell

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Raising Photoemission Efficiency with Surface Acoustic Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We are developing a novel technique that may help increase the efficiency and reduce costs of photoelectron sources used at electron accelerators. The technique is based on the use of Surface Acoustic Waves (SAW) in piezoelectric materials, such as GaAs, that are commonly used as photocathodes. Piezoelectric fields produced by the traveling SAW spatially separate electrons and holes, reducing their probability of recombination, thereby enhancing the photoemission quantum efficiency of the photocathode. Additional advantages could be increased polarization provided by the enhanced mobility of charge carriers that can be controlled by the SAW and the ionization of optically-generated excitons resulting in the creation of additional electron-hole pairs. It is expected that these novel features will reduce the cost of accelerator operation. A theoretical model for photoemission in the presence of SAW has been developed, and experimental tests of the technique are underway.

A. Afanasev, F. Hassani, C.E. Korman, V.G. Dudnikov, R.P. Johnson, M. Poelker, K.E.L. Surles-Law

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Acoustic Timing Simulation of Active Beacons for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simulation of freely-deployed active underwater beacons to estimate the tow path of a Synthetic Aperture Sonar (SAS) towfish is presented. Knowledge of the tow path allows the removal of motion induced blurring in the SAS images. The beacons sit on the seabed listening for acoustic chirps from the sonar and retransmit back in a different frequency band after a fixed time delay. After reconstruction the beacons appear in the SAS image as point-source targets, blurred by towfish motion, from which the tow-path can be determined by triangulation. The effect of reconstructing the continuous towfish motion as discrete along-track `hops' is also investigated. Simulations of a towfish path with 20 cm sway amplitude and typical measurement timing errors show a significant improvement in image quality using two active beacons.

Measuring The Tow-Path; Edward N. Pilbrow; Michael P. Hayes

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Acoustic sand detector for fluid flowstreams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The particle volume and particle mass production rate of particulate solids entrained in fluid flowstreams such as formation sand or fracture proppant entrained in oil and gas production flowstreams is determined by a system having a metal probe interposed in a flow conduit for transmitting acoustic emissions created by particles impacting the probe to a sensor and signal processing circuit which produces discrete signals related to the impact of each of the particles striking the probe. The volume or mass flow rate of particulates is determined from making an initial particle size distribution and particle energy distribution and comparing the initial energy distribution and/or the initial size distribution with values related to the impact energies of a predetermined number of recorded impacts. The comparison is also used to recalibrate the system to compensate for changes in flow velocity.

Beattie, Alan G. (Corrales, NM); Bohon, W. Mark (Frisco, TX)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Analysis of Passive Tracer Transport as Modeled by an Atmospheric General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tracers without feedback on the atmosphere are used to probe tropospheric transport. Such passive tracers are considered for two important anthropogenic sources, Europe and eastern North America. The linearity of passive tracer continuity allows ...

Mark Holzer

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Passive Solar Design: Technology Fact Sheet; Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fact sheet for homeowners and contractors on using passive solar design features in homes can increase energy efficiency and comfort. Topics include design techniques, cost, and passive solar design tools.

Southern Energy Institute

2000-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

428

Supplementary material on passive solar heating concepts. A compilation of published articles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A compilation of published articles and reports dealing with passive solar energy concepts for heating and cooling buildings is presented. The following are included: fundamental of passive systems, applications and technical analysis, graphic tools, and information sources. (MHR)

None

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Light-Induced Passivation of Si by Iodine Ethanol Solution: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We report on our observations of light-activated passivation of silicon surfaces by iodine-ethanol solution.

Sopori, B.; Rupnowski, P.; Appel, J.; Guhaabiswas, D.; Anderson-Jackson, L.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Passive Imaging of Warhead-Like Configurations Using Cosmic-Ray Muons  

SciTech Connect

Cosmic-Muon-Based Interrogation has untapped potential for national security. This presentation describes muons-based passive interrogation techniques.

Schwellenbach, D.

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

431

CaF2 surface passivation of lead selenide grown on BaF2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method of surface passivation of PbSe epitaxial layers by growing a thin epitaxial CaF"2 layer is proposed. Improvement in photoluminescence (PL) intensity is observed when the PbSe layer is passivated. The minority carrier lifetime (@t), measured ... Keywords: CaF2 passivation, Lead salts, Minority carrier lifetime, Photoluminescence

Shaibal Mukherjee; D. Li; G. Bi; J. Ma; S. L. Elizondo; A. Gautam; Z. Shi

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

An Intercomparison of Current Measurements Using a Vector Measuring Current Meter, an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler, and a Recently Developed Acoustic Current Meter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Horizontal current measurements were obtained simultaneously with a vector measuring current meter (VMCM), an acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP), and the recently developed Falmouth Scientific, Inc., acoustic current meter (ACM) during a ...

T. P. Gilboy; T. D. Dickey; D. E. Sigurdson; X. Yu; D. Manov

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Evaluation of the Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) for Turbulence Measurements*  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accuracy of the acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) is evaluated in this paper. Simultaneous measurements of open-channel flow were undertaken in a 17-m flume using an ADV and a laser Doppler velocimeter. Flow velocity records obtained by both ...

G. Voulgaris; J. H. Trowbridge

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Speech coding, reconstruction and recognition using acoustics and electromagnetic waves  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The use of EM radiation in conjunction with simultaneously recorded acoustic speech information enables a complete mathematical coding of acoustic speech. The methods include the forming of a feature vector for each pitch period of voiced speech and the forming of feature vectors for each time frame of unvoiced, as well as for combined voiced and unvoiced speech. The methods include how to deconvolve the speech excitation function from the acoustic speech output to describe the transfer function each time frame. The formation of feature vectors defining all acoustic speech units over well defined time frames can be used for purposes of speech coding, speech compression, speaker identification, language-of-speech identification, speech recognition, speech synthesis, speech translation, speech telephony, and speech teaching.

Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Acoustic Logs At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coso Geothermal Area (1977) Coso Geothermal Area (1977) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Acoustic Logs At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Acoustic Logs Activity Date 1977 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Acoustic logs indicate fractured rock and potentially permeable zones. References Galbraith, R. M. (1 May 1978) Geological and geophysical analysis of Coso Geothermal Exploration Hole No. 1 (CGEH-1), Coso Hot Springs KGRA, California Goranson, C.; Schroeder, R. (1 June 1978) Static downhole characteristics of well CGEH-1 at Coso Hot Springs, China Lake, California Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Acoustic_Logs_At_Coso_Geothermal_Area_(1977)&oldid=510216"

436

Dual output acoustic wave sensor for molecular identification  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention comprises a method for the identification and quantification of sorbed chemical species onto a coating of a device capable of generating and receiving an acoustic wave, by measuring the changes in the velocity of the acoustic wave resulting from the sorption of the chemical species into the coating as the wave travels through the coating and by measuring the changes in the attenuation of an acoustic wave resulting from the sorption of the chemical species into the coating as the wave travels through the coating. The inventive method further correlates the magnitudes of the changes of velocity with respect to changes of the attenuation of the acoustic wave to identify the sorbed chemical species. The absolute magnitudes of the velocity changes or the absolute magnitude of the attenuation changes are used to determine the concentration of the identified chemical species.

Frye, G.C.; Martin, S.J.

1990-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

437

Acoustic Method for Fish Counting and Fish Sizing in Tanks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A-123: 3.01.2004–2.28.2005 Acoustic Method for Fish Countingand Fish Sizing in Tanks W.A. Kuperman and Philippe Rouxlower the costs of raising fish to marketable size. Water,

Kuperman, William A.; Roux, Philippe

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

AMOC: Acoustic monitoring of the ocean climate of the Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall objective of AMOC is to develop and design an acoustic system for long?term monitoring of the ocean temperature and ice thickness in the Arctic Ocean including the Fram Strait

Ola M. Johannessen; AMOC Group

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Direct-form adaptive equalization for underwater acoustic communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptive equalization is an important aspect of communication systems in various environments. It is particularly important in underwater acoustic communication systems, as the channel has a long delay spread and is subject ...

Yellepeddi, Atulya

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

The Measurement of Bubble-Size Distributions by Acoustical Backscatter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multifrequency acoustical-backscatter technique is described for determining the size distribution of bubbles with radii between 8 and 130 µm. The method makes use of the resonance in the microbubbles and operates at six frequencies ranging ...

Svein Vagle; David M. Farmer

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Acoustic Waveform Logging - Advances In Theory And Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Full-waveform acoustic logging has made significant advances in both theory and application in recent years, and these advances have greatly increased the capability of log analysts to measure the physical properties of ...

Cheng, C. H.

442

Examining transmission power in minimum capacity underwater acoustic networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper explores the prospect of reducing the transmission power required to operate links within an underwater acoustic network by minimizing the total capacity of the network while maintaining certain data flow ...

Stanchak, Kathryn E

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Speech coding, reconstruction and recognition using acoustics and electromagnetic waves  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The use of EM radiation in conjunction with simultaneously recorded acoustic speech information enables a complete mathematical coding of acoustic speech. The methods include the forming of a feature vector for each pitch period of voiced speech and the forming of feature vectors for each time frame of unvoiced, as well as for combined voiced and unvoiced speech. The methods include how to deconvolve the speech excitation function from the acoustic speech output to describe the transfer function each time frame. The formation of feature vectors defining all acoustic speech units over well defined time frames can be used for purposes of speech coding, speech compression, speaker identification, language-of-speech identification, speech recognition, speech synthesis, speech translation, speech telephony, and speech teaching. 35 figs.

Holzrichter, J.F.; Ng, L.C.

1998-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

444

Acoustic Tomographic Monitoring of the Atmospheric Surface Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustic tomography is proposed as a method for monitoring near-surface atmospheric temperature and wind velocity fields. Basic issues relating to the feasibility and implementation of atmospheric tomography are discussed. Among these issues are ...

D. Keith Wilson; Dennis W. Thomson

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Laser-Acoustic Hygrometer: Procedure and Results of Field Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trial field measurements of humidity fluctuations are taken by a laser-acoustic hygrometer consisting of a CO laser, a mechanical modulator, a detector, an audio-frequency amplifier, and a device for processing signals. The proposed method is ...

Boris S. Agrovskii; Alexandre S. Gurvich; Vitaly P. Kukharets; Valery V. Vorob’ev

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Acoustic classification of buried objects with mobile sonar platforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, the use of highly mobile sonar platforms is investigated for the purpose of acoustically classifying compact objects on or below the seabed. The extension of existing strategies, including synthetic aperture ...

Edwards, Joseph Richard, 1971-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Acoustic Waves in the Turbulent Atmosphere: A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject of atmospheric acoustics and its role in atmospheric research and in development of modern methods of ground-based remote sensing of the atmosphere are outlined. A historical overview of investigations of the effect of atmospheric ...

M. A. Kallistratova

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Using Acoustic Emission in Fatigue and Fracture Materials Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

J.E. Coulter et al., "Acoustic Emission Monitoring of Fossil-Fuel Power Plants," Mat. Eval., 46 (2) (1988), pp. 230–237. 13. P.J. de Groot, P.M. Wijnen, and R.B.F.

449

Laboratory Comparisons of Acoustic and Optical Sensors for Microbubble Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a recent comparison between three microbubble size spectrum measurement systems. These systems are the light-wattering bubble counter, the photographic bubble-imaging system, and the acoustic resonator array. ...

Ming Vang Su; Douglas Todoroff; John Cartmill

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Operating an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler aboard a Container Vessel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since October 1992 an acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) has been in near-continuous operation on board a 118-m-long container vessel, the container motor vessel Oleander, which operates on a weekly schedule between Port Elizabeth, New ...

C. N. Flagg; G. Schwartze; E. Gottlieb; T. Rossby

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Reduced bandwidth frequency domain equalization for underwater acoustic communications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two challenges facing adaptive decision feedback equalizers (DFEs) in the underwater acoustic channel are those of the channel changing too rapidly to allow for the stable adaptation of the number of coefficients required ...

Wornell, Gregory W.

452

Listening to Raindrops from Underwater: An Acoustic Disdrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Different sized raindrops splashing on a water surface produce sound underwater that is distinctive and can be used to measure the drop size distribution in the rain. Five acoustically significant raindrop sizes are described. An inversion of the ...

Jeffrey A. Nystuen

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

MAC and Routing Protocols for Mobile Underwater Acoustic Sensor Swarms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UW-ASNs) have recently been proposed as a way to explore and observe the ocean, which covers two-thirds of the Earth's surface.… (more)

Noh, Young Tae

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Modeling the Performance of an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic examination of measurement error in acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) velocity estimates, in the limit of large signal-to-noise ratio, is made using a system model and sonar signal simulations coupled into an ADCP. The model ...

T. K. Chereskin; A. J. Harding

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Strongly driven ion acoustic waves in laser produced plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper present an experimental study of ion acoustic waves with wavenumbers corresponding to stimulated Brillouin scattering. Time resolved Thomson scattering in frequency and wavenumber space, has permitted to observe the dispersion relation of the waves as a function of the laser intensity. Apart from observing ion acoustic waves associated with a strong second component is observed at laser intensities above 10{sup 13}Wcm{sup {minus}2}.

Baldis, H.A.; Labaune, C.; Renard, N. [Ecole Polytechnique, 91 - Palaiseau (France)] [and others

1994-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

456

Acoustic energy-driven fluid pump and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Bulk fluid motion is promoted in a gaseous fluid contained within a conduit system provided with a diffuser without the need for a mean pressure differential across the conduit system. The contacting of the gaseous fluid with unsteady energy at a selected frequency and pressure amplitude induces fluid flow through the conical diffuser. The unsteady energy can be provided by pulse combustors, thermoacoustic engines, or acoustic energy generators such as acoustic speakers.

Janus, Michael C.; Richards, George A.; Robey, Edward H.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Coupling light into graphene plasmons through surface acoustic waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for coupling laser light into graphene plasmons with the help of electrically generated surface acoustic waves. The surface acoustic wave forms a diffraction grating which allows to excite the long lived phonon-like branch of the hybridized graphene plasmon-phonon dispersion with infrared laser light. Our approach avoids patterning the graphene sheet, does not rely on complicated optical near-field techniques, and allows to electrically switch the coupling between far field radiation and propagating graphene plasmons.

Schiefele, Jürgen; Sols, Fernando; Calle, Fernando; Guinea, Francisco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Predictive Maintenance, Design, Construction, and Maintenance for Passive Treatment of Wastewaters and the PT2 Passive Treatment Planning Tool V1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This manual provides an approach to evaluating, designing, constructing, and maintaining passive treatment systems for select wastewater contaminants. It is intended for environmental managers and engineering design staff to assess the applicability of passive technologies to treat wastewater discharges. The manual's guidelines are a work-in-progress as the understanding of passive treatment increases with time. Readers are advised to seek expert advice when encountering wastewater conditions varying sig...

2002-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

459

OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR THE PORTABLE ACOUSTIC MONITORING PACKAGE (PAMP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Portable Acoustic Monitoring Package (PAMP) has been designed to record and monitor acoustic signals in high-pressure natural gas (NG) transmission lines. Of particular interest are the three acoustic signals associated with a pipeline fracture. The system is portable (less than 30 lbm) and can be used at all line pressures up to 1000 psig. The PAMP requires a shut-off valve equipped 1/2 inch NPT access port in the pipeline. It is fully functional over the typical pressure range found in the natural gas transmission pipelines in the West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Ohio areas. With the use of the PAMP, a full spectrum of acoustic signals can be recorded and defined in terms of acoustic energy in decibels. To detect natural gas pipeline infringements and leaks, the acoustic energy generated inside the line is monitored with a sensitive pressure-equalized microphone and a step function type {Delta}p transducer. The assembly is mounted on a 1000 psig pipe fitting-tree called the PAMP. The electronics required to record, store and analyze the data are described within this report in the format of an operating manual.

John L. Loth; Gary J. Morris; George M. Palmer; Richard Guiler; Patrick Browning

2004-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

460

Passive Fully Polarimetric W-Band Millimeter-Wave Imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the theory, design, and experimental results obtained from a scanning passive W-band fully polarimetric imager. Passive millimeter-wave imaging offers persistent day/nighttime imaging and the ability to penetrate dust, clouds and other obscurants, including clothing and dry soil. The single-pixel scanning imager includes both far-field and near-field fore-optics for investigation of polarization phenomena. Using both fore-optics, a variety of scenes including natural and man-made objects was imaged and these results are presented showing the utility of polarimetric imaging for anomaly detection. Analysis includes conventional Stokes-parameter based approaches as well as multivariate image analysis methods.

Bernacki, Bruce E.; Kelly, James F.; Sheen, David M.; McMakin, Douglas L.; Tedeschi, Jonathan R.; Harris, Robert V.; Mendoza, Albert; Hall, Thomas E.; Hatchell, Brian K.; Valdez, Patrick LJ

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Quartz crystal microbalance based on passive frequency to voltage converter  

SciTech Connect

In dynamics of evaporation or drying of microdrops from a solid surface, a faster and precise quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) is needed. The fast QCM based on frequency to voltage converter is an attractive and powerful tool in the investigation of the dynamic regime of evaporation to translate the frequency shift in terms of a continuous voltage change. The frequency shift monitoring in fast QCM applications is a real challenge for electronic processing interface. Originally developed as a frequency shift processing interface, this novel passive frequency to voltage converter can produce faster, stable, and accurate results in regard to the QCM sensor behavior. In this article, the concept and circuit of passive frequency to voltage converter will be explained followed by static and dynamic characterization. Experimental results of microdrops evaporation will be given.

Burda, Ioan; Tunyagi, Arthur [Department of Physics, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, 400084 (Romania)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Passive heat-transfer means for nuclear reactors. [LMFBR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved passive cooling arrangement is disclosed for maintaining adjacent or related components of a nuclear reactor within specified temperature differences. Specifically, heat pipes are operatively interposed between the components, with the vaporizing section of the heat pipe proximate the hot component operable to cool it and the primary condensing section of the heat pipe proximate the other and cooler component operable to heat it. Each heat pipe further has a secondary condensing section that is located outwardly beyond the reactor confinement and in a secondary heat sink, such as air ambient the containment, that is cooler than the other reactor component. By having many such heat pipes, an emergency passive cooling system is defined that is operative without electrical power.

Burelbach, J.P.

1982-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

463

Restaurateur designs and installs passive solar heating/cooling system  

SciTech Connect

An example of the use of passive solar heating and cooling systems by a Wisconsin restaurateur is discussed. The greenhouse effect is used on three sides of the restaurant's exterior walls. A dozen water-to-air electric heat pumps handle the restaurant's heating and cooling chores. The system doesn't require any fossil fuel for heating or cooling.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Direct estimation of the performance of passive structures  

SciTech Connect

Described is an analytical method of computing solar savings fraction for a given load-to-collector ratio of a passive structure in any location. The key to the computation is the use of an algorithm relating the pattern of clear days to the interaction of the thermal storage with transmittted radiation and heat load as well as a correlation of coefficient of performance with the total number of degree days in the heating season and the fraction of possible sun.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Incremental cooling load determination for passive direct gain heating systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper examines the applicability of the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) full load compressor hour method for predicting the cooling load increase in a residence, attributable to direct gain passive heating systems. The NAHB method predictions are compared with the results of 200 hour-by-hour simulations using BLAST and the two methods show reasonable agreement. The degree of agreement and the limitations of the NAHB method are discussed.

Sullivan, P.W.; Mahone, D.; Fuller, W.; Gruber, J.; Kammerud, R.; Place, W.; Andersson, B.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Passive Tamper Indicating Enclosures Incorporating Embedded Optical Fibre  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AWE and PNNL are engaged in a technical collaboration investigating techniques to enhance continuity of knowledge over Accountable Items within a verified nuclear weapons dismantlement process. Tamper Indicating Enclosures (TIE) will likely be deployed as part of a chain of custody regime to indicate an unauthorised attempt to access an Accountable Item. This paper looks at the use of passive TIEs incorporating embedded optical fibre; concepts relating to deployment, tamper indication and unique identification will be discussed.

Wynn, Paul; White, Helen; Allen, Keir; Simmons, Kevin L.; Sliva, Paul; Benz, Jacob M.; Tanner, Jennifer E.

2011-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

467

Passive features for a liquid desiccant air conditioner  

SciTech Connect

A conceptual development program with the ultimate objective of substantially reducing or eliminating the parasitic power requirement for liquid sorbent air conditioning systems is described. Operational tests conducted on small prototypes have shown that some of the pumps can be replaced with other apparatus requiring no electrical energy. Experimental work has also shown that some electric utility dependent pumps might be replaced by solar powered pumps thus making the system more passive in nature.

Francis, C.E.; Beavers, D.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Net Solar radiation: passive systems with moveable insulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat loss from uninsulated glazings of passive solar collectors can be checked by use of movable insulation. Five passivehybrid solar energy systems are studied in this paper. The buildings are monitored by the National Solar Data Network (NSDN) whose system is shown schematically. Tests show that no high cost direct gain solar systems were economically viable without movable insulation. Monitored seasonal performance of the five sites showed three good, and two poor performances. Each case is specified in detail.

Howard, B.D.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Evaluating the performance of passive-solar-heated buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Methods of evaluating the thermal performance of passive-solar buildings are reviewed. Instrumentation and data logging requirements are outlined. Various methodologies that have been used to develop an energy balance for the building and various performance measures are discussed. Methods for quantifying comfort are described. Subsystem and other special-purpose monitoring are briefly reviewed. Summary results are given for 38 buildings that have been monitored.

Balcomb, J.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Passivation layers for reduced total dose effects and ELDRS in linear bipolar devices.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It is shown that final chip passivation layers can have a significant impact on total dose hardness. A number of final chip passivation layers are evaluated to identify films that mitigate enhanced low-dose-rate sensitivity (ELDRS) in National Semiconductor Corporation's linear bipolar technologies. It is shown that devices fabricated with either a low temperature oxide or a tetraethyl ortho silicate passivation do not exhibit significant ELDRS effects up to 100 krad(SiO{sub 2}). Passivation studies on CMOS SRAMs suggest that it is unlikely that the passivation layers (or processing tools) are acting as a new source of hydrogen, which could drift or diffuse into the oxide and increase ELDRS sensitivity. Instead, it is possible that the passivation layers affect the mechanical stress in the oxide, which may affect oxide trap properties and possibly the release and mobility of hydrogen. Correlations between mechanical stress induced by the passivation layers and radiation degradation are discussed.

Dodd, Paul Emerson; Riewe, Leonard Charles; Pease, Ronald L.; Shaneyfelt, Marty Ray; Gupta, Sunny; Maher, Michael C.; Schwank, James Ralph

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

CMR Shuffler System: Passive Mode Calibration and Certification Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory has a number of spherical confinement vessels (CVs) remaining from tests involving nuclear materials. These vessels have an inner diameter of 6 feet with 1 to 2 inch thick steel walls. The goal of the Confinement Vessel Disposition (CVD) project is to remove debris and reduce contamination inside the vessels. As debris is removed from the vessels, material will be placed in waste drums. Far-field gamma ray assay will be used to determine when a drum is nearing a {sup 239}Pu equivalent mass of less than 200 g. The drum will then be assayed using a waste drum shuffler operated in passive mode using a neutron coincidence counting method for accountability. This report focuses on the testing and calibration of the CMR waste drum shuffler in passive mode operation. Initial testing was performed to confirm previously accepted measurement parameters. The system was then calibrated using a set of weapons grade Pu (WGPu, {sup 239}Pu > 93%) oxide standards placed inside a 55 gallon drum. The calibration data ranges from Pu mass of 0.5 g to 188.9 g. The CMR waste drum shuffler has been tested and calibrated in passive mode in preparation for safeguards accountability measurements of waste drums containing material removed from CVs for the CVD project.

Frame, Katherine C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gomez, Cipriano D. [Retired CMR-OPS: OPERATIONS; Salazar, William R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mayo, Douglas R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vigil, Georgiana M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Crooks, William J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stange, Sy [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

472

DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE OF A PASSIVE RADON DECAY PRODUCTS MONITOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electret-based passive air samplers have been used in United Kingdom and elsewhere for quantitative sampling for airborne dust. Alpha electret ion chambers (EIC) have been used for quantitative measurement of deposited alpha emitting isotopes. These two well documented principles are combined to create a passive radon progeny monitor. Large area (50 cm2) electret charged to 500 to 2000 volts collect airborne radon decay products and the collected sample is "viewed " and measured by an alpha EIC. Such collection and measurement continues for the entire period of sampling, providing an integrated signal to the electret in alpha EIC. The present work is of exploratory nature and provides the responses of three different sizes of collection electrets. Results are also compared with a simple passive device with no collecting electret. The study provides data for optimization of the design depending upon the requirement. Study is limited to a typical home with equilibrium ratios from 40 to 60%. This method can be used for both short term and long term monitoring of RDP in working level units.

F. Stieff

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Prognostics Health Management for Advanced Small Modular Reactor Passive Components  

SciTech Connect

In the United States, sustainable nuclear power to promote energy security is a key national energy priority. Advanced small modular reactors (AdvSMR), which are based on modularization of advanced reactor concepts using non-light-water reactor (LWR) coolants such as liquid metal, helium, or liquid salt may provide a longer-term alternative to more conventional LWR-based concepts. The economics of AdvSMRs will be impacted by the reduced economy-of-scale savings when compared to traditional LWRs and the controllable day-to-day costs of AdvSMRs are expected to be dominated by operations and maintenance costs. Therefore, achieving the full benefits of AdvSMR deployment requires a new paradigm for plant design and management. In this context, prognostic health management of passive components in AdvSMRs can play a key role in enabling the economic deployment of AdvSMRs. In this paper, the background of AdvSMRs is discussed from which requirements for PHM systems are derived. The particle filter technique is proposed as a prognostics framework for AdvSMR passive components and the suitability of the particle filter technique is illustrated by using it to forecast thermal creep degradation using a physics-of-failure model and based on a combination of types of measurements conceived for passive AdvSMR components.

Meyer, Ryan M.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Coble, Jamie B.; Mitchell, Mark R.; Wootan, David W.; Hirt, Evelyn H.; Berglin, Eric J.; Bond, Leonard J.; Henager, Charles H.

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

474

Passive and low energy research and development: a global view  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Passive and low energy applications in buildings have become a topic of worldwide interest within the last few years. It has now been demonstrated very clearly that indoor comfort can be maintained with an expenditure of only 10 to 20% of the energy often required by modern buildings. This is accomplished through a combination of conservation measures to minimize the load, passive use of solar energy for heating, natural cooling, and daylighting. The major research emphasis has been on devising mathematical models to characterize heat flow within buildings, on the validation of these models by comparison with test results, and on the subsequent use of the models to investigate the influence of both design parameters and weather on system performance. Design guidelines have been developed, and simplified methods of analysis have been promulgated. Performance has been monitored in test modules, test buildings, and many residential and commercial buildings. The results both confirm good performance and establish the accuracy of model predictions. A significant change in the research picture has been seen in the last 4 years; whereas the major effort was originally in the United States, research is now being conducted in many countries throughout the world as many people have realized that passive and low energy methods are appropriate in virtually every climate and are well suited to economic, convenient, and reliable building construction and operation.

Balcomb, J.D.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy. One of the important requirements for Gen. IV High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors (HTGR) is passive safety. Currently all the HTGR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. [1] The decay heat first is transferred to core barrel by conduction and radiation, and then to reactor vessel by thermal radiation and convection; finally the decay heat is transferred to natural circulated air or water systems. RVACS can be characterized as a surface based decay heat removal system. Similar concepts have been widely used in sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) designs, advanced light water reactors like AP1000. The RVACS is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area. RVACS tends to be less expensive. However, it limits the largest achievable power level for modular HTGRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to surface). When the relative decay heat removal capability is reduced, the peak fuel temperature increases, even close to the design limit. Annual designs with internal reflector can mitigate this effect therefore further increase the power. Another way to increase power is to increase power density. However, it is also limited by the decay heat removal capability. Besides safety, HTGRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor designs. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of HTGRs. Forsberg [2] pointed out other disadvantages of using RVACS such as conflicting functional requirements for the reactor vessel and scaling distortion for integral effect test of the system performance. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume based passive decay removal system, call Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS has been widely used in SFR designs and in liquid salt cooled high temperature reactors. The containment cooling system in BWR is another example of volume based decay removal systems. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one in reactor side and another is in environment side. DRACS has the benefits of increasing the power as needed (scalability) and modularity. This paper introduces the concept of using DRACS to enhance HTGRs passive safety and economy.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Ling Zou

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Heat-driven acoustic cooling engine having no moving parts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heat-driven acoustic cooling engine having no moving parts receives heat from a heat source. The acoustic cooling engine comprises an elongated resonant pressure vessel having first and second ends. A compressible fluid having a substantial thermal expansion coefficient and capable of supporting an acoustic standing wave is contained in the resonant pressure vessel. The heat source supplies heat to the first end of the vessel. A first heat exchanger in the vessel is spaced-apart from the first end and receives heat from the first end. A first thermodynamic element is adjacent to the first heat exchanger and converts some of the heat transmitted by the first heat exchanger into acoustic power. A second thermodynamic element has a first end located spaced-apart from the first thermodynamic element and a second end farther away from the first thermodynamic element than is its first end. The first end of the second thermodynamic element heats while its second end cools as a consequence of the acoustic power. A second heat exchanger is adjacent to and between the first and second thermodynamic elements. A heat sink outside of the vessel is thermally coupled to and receives heat from the second heat exchanger. The resonant pressure vessel can include a housing less than one-fourth wavelength in length coupled to a reservoir. The housing can include a reduced diameter portion communicating with the reservoir.

Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM); Hofler, Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Information optimization of distributed net of receivers of acoustic noise type signals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The method for information optimization of distributed net of receivers of acoustic noise type signals is suggested. It is shown, that the network of optimal construction may be represented as sum of groups, containing increasing number of acoustic receiver ...

H. H. Asadov; N. A. Abdullayev; E. A. Ibrahimov; V. M. Garayev; E. Abbaszadeh

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

On the Sounding Range of a 1-m Wavelength Radio Acoustic Sounder  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sounding range of a RASS (Radio Acoustic Sounding System) for remote measurement of the atmospheric thermal profile is determined both by the structural peculiarities of the system (wavelength, size of antennas, acoustic and radar power, etc.)...

G. Bonino; P. Trivero; G. Elisei; A. Marzorati

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Understanding and utilizing waveguide invariant range-frequency striations in ocean acoustic waveguides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Much of the recent research in ocean acoustics has focused on developing methods to exploit the effects that the sea surface and seafloor have on acoustic propagation. Many of those methods require detailed knowledge of ...

Cockrell, Kevin L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

A Comparative Analysis and Experimental Study on Wireless Aerial and Underwater Acoustic Communications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Widely available speakers and microphones in electronic devices motivate the use of generic audio hardware to establish acoustic communication links. Acoustic communication with generic hardware requires software modems for data modulation and demodulation. ...

Raja Jurdak; Cristina Videira Lopes; Pedro M. Q. Aguiar; Pierre Baldi

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glider-based passive acoustic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Microsoft PowerPoint - Subsea_Acoustics v5.ppt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Acoustic Impacts on Marine Mammals Acoustic Impacts on Marine Mammals from Subsea Oil & Gas Processing DOE Strategy to Address Noise from Subsea Petroleum Processing Technologies DOE Strategy to Address Noise from Subsea Petroleum Processing Technologies Noise Types & Thresholds High Level, Intermittent Low Level, Continuous MMS Workshop Nov. 17-19, 2009 Boston, MA Marine Mammals and Noise Marine Mammal Commission March 2007 Advisory Committee on Acoustic Impacts on Marine Mammals Marine Mammal Commission February 2006 Effects of Subsea Processing on Deepwater Environments in the Gulf of Mexico Minerals Management Service May 2008 Addressing the Effects of Human- Generated Sound on Marine Life Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science & Technology (JSOST) January 2009 Facilities Utilizing Subsea Petroleum Processing Technologies

482

Analogue Transformations in Physics and their Application to Acoustic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transformation optics has shaped up a revolutionary electromagnetic design paradigm, enabling scientists to build astonishing devices such as invisibility cloaks. Unfortunately, the application of transformation techniques to other branches of physics is often constrained by the structure of the field equations. We develop here a complete transformation method using the idea of analogue spacetimes. The method is general and could be considered as a new paradigm for controlling waves in different branches of physics, from acoustics in quantum fluids to graphene electronics. As an application, we derive an "analogue transformation acoustics" formalism that naturally allows the use of transformations mixing space and time or involving moving fluids, both of which were impossible with the standard approach. To demonstrate the power of our method, we give an explicit design of a spacetime compressor for acoustic waves and a carpet cloak for a moving aircraft.

C. García-Meca; S. Carloni; C. Barceló; G. Jannes; J. Sánchez-Dehesa; A. Martínez

2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

483

Microsoft Word - Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring_Revised.do  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LA-UR-05-6025 LA-UR-05-6025 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Title: Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring: Technology Report Author(s): Dipen N. Sinha Submitted to: Gas Technology Management Division Strategic Center for Natural Gas and Oil National Energy Technology Laboratory 2 Acoustic Sensor for Pipeline Monitoring: Technology Report Dipen Sinha Los Alamos National Laboratory July 20, 2005 Executive Summary This report presents detailed information on the effort to develop acoustic sensing technologies for natural gas pipe line monitoring. It starts with a historical evolution of the project and ends with the current status. The various technical accomplishments during this effort are pointed out. The latest technique involves the use of Lamb wave propagation in the wall of a pipe generated in a stand-off manner for defect detection. The report presents

484

A broadband underwater acoustic modem implementation using coherent OFDM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Multicarrier modulation in the form of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) has prevailed in recent broadband wireless systems over radio channels. In this senior design project, we have implemented an acoustic OFDM modem that transmits digital data through sound propagation. We have demonstrated OFDM transmission first in air, and then in water. We find that the underwater channel is much more complex than the air channel, and careful signal designs are needed for underwater transmissions. We have also handled another difficulty incurred by sampling rate mismatches at the transmitter and the receiver due to low-cost sampling devices. With two-way communication capabilities, this project provides a simple online chatting tool between two computers relying on acoustic links. Index Terms — OFDM, multicarrier transmission, underwater acoustic communication.

Sean Mason; Robert Anstett; Nicoletti Anicette; Shengli Zhou

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Drift and ion acoustic wave driven vortices with superthermal electrons  

SciTech Connect

Linear and nonlinear analysis of coupled drift and acoustic mode is presented in an inhomogeneous electron-ion plasma with {kappa}-distributed electrons. A linear dispersion relation is found which shows that the phase speed of both the drift wave and the ion acoustic wave decreases in the presence of superthermal electrons. Several limiting cases are also discussed. In the nonlinear regime, stationary solutions in the form of dipolar and monopolar vortices are obtained. It is shown that the condition for the boundedness of the solution implies that the speed of drift wave driven vortices reduces with increase in superthermality effect. Ignoring density inhomogeniety, it is investigated that the lower and upper limits on the speed of the ion acoustic driven vortices spread with the inclusion of high energy electrons. The importance of results with reference to space plasmas is also pointed out.

Ali Shan, S. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); National Centre For Physics (NCP), Shahdra Valley Road, QAU Campus, 44000 Islamabad (Pakistan); Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad (Pakistan); Haque, Q. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); National Centre For Physics (NCP), Shahdra Valley Road, QAU Campus, 44000 Islamabad (Pakistan)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

Use of high performance computing resources for underwater acoustic modeling.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The majority of standard underwater propagation models provide a two?dimensional (range and depth) acoustic field for a single frequency point source. Computational resource demand increases considerably when the three?dimensional acoustic field of a broad?band spatially extended source is of interest. An upgrade of the standard parabolic equationmodel RAM for use in a high?performance computing (HPC) environment is discussed. A benchmarked upgraded version of RAM is used in the Louisiana Optical Network Initiative HPC?environment to model the three?dimensional acoustic field of a seismic airgun array. Four?dimensional visualization (time and space) of the generated data volume is also addressed. [Research supported by the Louisiana Optical Network Initiative

Anca M. Niculescu; Natalia A. Sidorovskaia; Peter Achi; Arslan M. Tashmukhambetov; George E. Ioup; Juliette W. Ioup

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Acoustic Logs At Coso Geothermal Area (2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coso Geothermal Area (2005) Coso Geothermal Area (2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Acoustic Logs Activity Date 2005 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Well bore fracture analysis Notes Electrical and acoustic image logs have been collected from well 58A-10 in crystalline rock on the eastern margin. Electrical image logs appear to be sensitive to variations in mineralogy, porosity, and fluid content that highlight both natural fractures and rock fabrics. These fabric elements account for about 50% of the total population of planar structures seen in the electrical image log, but locally approach 100%. Acoustic image logs reveal a similar natural fracture population, but generally image slightly fewer fractures, and do not reveal rock fabric. Both logs also record

488

Acoustical prediction methods for heating, ventilating, and air?conditioning (HVAC) systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to compare and contrast various aspects of acoustical prediction methods for heating

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Load management and the La Vereda passive solar community  

SciTech Connect

Reviewed are preliminary data available from some of the passive solar homes now operational at the La Vereda subdivision in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The major emphasis is Load Management - an electric utility term pertaining to when and how much energy is used by the customer. A customer's home is considered to be Load Managed when its major demands for electricity occur at times during the day when the utility has surplus generation capacity. For most utilities this surplus occurs during the night and is referred to as the off-peak period. Compared to conventional electric homes, the La Vereda passive solar homes are Naturally Load Managed because most of their backup heating requirements occur during the utility's off-peak period. Naturally Load Managed homes like these allow the backup heating system to operate freely whenever the space needs heat. Load data from six La Vereda homes are compared to similar data from 1) a group of nonsolar super-insulated total electric homes, and 2) the utility's winter system peak day load profile. The comparison verifies the Natural Load Management characteristics of the well-designed passive solar home. The free operation of the backup heating system, especially during cloudy or severe weather, can reduce the Natural Load Management characteristics of the La Verda homes. Is it possible to Force Load Management on a home, regardless of weather conditions and still guarantee that all space heating requirements are satisfied with off-peak energy. One home at La Vereda is discussed that has an experimental Forced Load Management backup heating system designed to use energy only during the utility's off-peak period. Load data from this home is presented and compared to other homes at La Verda.

Pyde, S.E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Low-Cost Manufacturable Microchannel Systems for Passive PEM Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Manufacturable Manufacturable Microchannel Systems for Passive PEM Water Management IIPS Number 16910 Low Low - - Cost Cost Manufacturable Manufacturable Microchannel Systems for Passive Microchannel Systems for Passive PEM Water Management PEM Water Management IIPS Number 16910 IIPS Number 16910 Ward TeGrotenhuis, Susie Stenkamp, Curt Lavender Pacific Northwest National Laboratories Richland, WA HFCIT Kick Off Meeting February 2007 2 Project objective: Create a low cost and passive PEM water management system Project objective: Project objective: Create a low cost Create a low cost and passive PEM water management system and passive PEM water management system Specific Targets Addressed for 3.4.2 Automotive-Scale: 80 kWe Integrated Transportation Fuel Cell Power Systems Operating on Direct Hydrogen

491

Natural air motion and stratification in passive buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Natural convection is a major mechanism for heat distribution in many passive solar buildings, especially those with sunspaces. To better understand this mechanism, observations of air velocities and temperatures have been made in 13 different houses that encompass a wide variety of one- and two-story geometries. This paper extends previous reports. Results from one house are described in detail, and some generalizations are drawn from the large additional mass of data taken. A simple mathematical model is presented that describes the general nature of airflow and energy flow through an aperture.

Balcomb, J.D.; Jones, G.F.; Yamaguchi, Kenjiro

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Low cost performance evaluation of passive solar buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An approach to low-cost instrumentation and performance evaluation of passive solar heated buildings is presented. Beginning with a statement of the need for a low-cost approach, a minimum list of measured quantities necessary to compute a set of recommended performance factors is developed. Conflicts and confusion surrounding the definition of various performance factors are discussed and suggestions are made for dealing with this situation. Available instrumentation and data processing equipment is presented. The recommended system would monitor approximately ten variables and compute numerous performance factors on site at a projected system cost of less than $3,000 per installation.

Palmiter, L.S.; Hamilton, L.B.; Holtz, M.J.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Energy-conserving and passive-solar construction details  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Diagrams are presented which show construction details for insulating foundations, walls, joists, roofs, and other components of energy-conserving residential and light commercial buildings; glazing systems; installing thermal mass; rock beds; and a passive hot air collector. The emphasis is on using commercially available building materials in new applications to minimize costs and maximize thermal design. The costs are given which are typical of what builders have incurred in different parts of the country. The thermal performance figures and comments are included. (LEW)

Taylor, R D

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

The Sandia MEMS Passive Shock Sensor : dormancy and aging.  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an aging experiment that was established in FY09 and completed in FY10 for the Sandia MEMS Passive Shock Sensor. A total of 37 packages were aged at different temperatures and times, and were then tested after aging to determine functionality. Aging temperatures were selected at 100 C and 150 C, with times ranging from as short as 100 hours to as long as 1 year to simulate a predicted aging of up to 20 years. In all of the tests and controls, 100% of the devices continued to function normally.

Baker, Michael Sean; Tanner, Danelle Mary

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Passive space heating with a self-pumping vapor system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this system, which should be useful for space or water heating, a refrigerant is evaporated in a solar collector and condensed within thermal storage located in the building below the collector. The vapor pressure generated in the collector periodically forces the condensed liquid upward to the location of the collector. This paper reports results of an operational test, in which this system provided passive space heating for an outdoor test cell during a winter season. The daily average energy yield and the elevation of collector temperature caused by self-pumping are reported, as well as observations on failure modes, system reliability, and suggestions for a practical configuration.

Hedstrom, J.C.; Neeper, D.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Erbium-based magnetic refrigerant (regenerator) for passive cryocooler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two stage Gifford-McMahon cryocooler having a low temperature stage for reaching approximately 10K, wherein the low temperature stage includes a passive magnetic heat regenerator selected from the group consisting of Er.sub.6 Ni.sub.2 Sn, Er.sub.6 Ni.sub.2 Pb, Er.sub.6 Ni.sub.2 (Sn.sub.0.75 Ga.sub.0.25), and Er.sub.9 Ni.sub.3 Sn comprising a mixture of Er.sub.3 Ni and Er.sub.6 Ni.sub.2 Sn in the microstructure.

Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A. (Ames, IA); Pecharsky, Vitalij K. (Ames, IA)

1996-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

497

Heat storage and distribution inside passive-solar buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Passive-solar buildings are investigated from the viewpoint of the storage of solar heat in materials of the building: walls, floors, ceilings, and furniture. The effects of the location, material, thickness, and orientation of each internal building surface are investigated. The concept of diurnal heat capacity is introduced and a method of using this parameter to estimate clear-day temperature swings is developed. Convective coupling to remote rooms within a building is discussed, including both convection through single doorways and convective loops that may exist involving a sunspace. Design guidelines are given.

Balcomb, J.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Dust Acoustic Shock Waves in Adiabatic Hot Dusty Plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is known that to have a monotonic or oscillatory shock wave a source of dissipation is needed. In this study, we considered the dust charge variation as a source of dissipation. By using the reductive perturbation technique, the nonlinear Burgers equation is derived and the shock-like solution is determined. The effects of dust temperature on different characteristics of dust acoustic shock wave are discussed. It is found out that dust thickness is not affected by dust temperature while for every dusty plasma systems there is dust critical temperature T{sub dc}, for which the dust acoustic shock height will be maximum.

Asgari, H.; Muniandy, S. V.; Wong, C. S. [Plasma Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

499

Acoustic cross-correlation flowmeter for solid-gas flow  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for measuring particle velocity in a solid-gas flow within a pipe includes: first and second transmitting transducers for transmitting first and second ultrasonic signals into the pipe at first and second locations, respectively, along the pipe; an acoustic decoupler, positioned between said first and second transmitting transducers, for acoustically isolating said first and second signals from one another; first and second detecting transducers for detecting said first and second signals and for generating first and second detected signals; and means for cross-correlating said first and second output signals.

Sheen, S.H.; Raptis, A.C.

1984-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

500

Structural morphology of acoustically levitated and heated nanosilica droplet  

SciTech Connect

We study the vaporization and precipitation dynamics of a nanosilica encapsulated water droplet by levitating it acoustically and heating it with a CO{sub 2} laser. For all concentrations, we observe three phases: solvent evaporation, surface agglomeration, and precipitation leading to bowl or ring shaped structures. At higher concentrations, ring reorientation and rotation are seen consistently. The surface temperature from an infrared camera is seen to be dependent on the final geometrical shape of the droplet and its rotation induced by the acoustic field of the levitator. With nonuniform particle distribution, these structures can experience rupture which modifies the droplet rotational speed.

Kumar, Ranganathan; Tijerino, Erick; Saha, Abhishek [Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States); Basu, Saptarshi [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, 560012 Bangalore (India)

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z