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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Ghana-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

2

Ghana | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana Ghana Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Ghana. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in Ghana. Source NREL Date Released September 02nd, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GEF Ghana GIS maps NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 661.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote Comments Login or register to post comments

3

Kenya | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities. (Purpose): To influence investment decisions by promoting and supporting renewable energy by overcoming informational barriers in solar and wind energy financing. Source Daniel Theuri - SWERA National Team Date Released November 23rd, 2008 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords documentation Kenya renewable energy solar SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 9.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2008 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset

4

NPP Grassland: Nairobi, Kenya  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nairobi, Kenya, 1984-1994 Nairobi, Kenya, 1984-1994 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Canopy reflectance measurement within the Nairobi site (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site. Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Kinyamario, J. I. 1996. NPP Grassland: Nairobi, Kenya, 1984-1994. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Net primary production of a savanna grassland in Nairobi National Park, Kenya, was determined from 1984 to the present by monitoring monthly dynamics of live biomass and dead matter, above and below-ground, together with monthly litter bag estimates of decomposition rates above and below-ground. The method for calculating net primary production accounted

5

NPP Tropical Forest: Kade, Ghana  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kade, Ghana, 1957-1972 Kade, Ghana, 1957-1972 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Forest after clearing of secondary growth at the Kade site (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Nye, P. H., and D. J. Greenland. 1998. NPP Tropical Forest: Kade, Ghana, 1957-1972. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Biomass and nutrient content of different vegetation components and soil for a secondary tropical forest were determined in the late 1950s at the Kade Agricultural Research Station of the former University College, Ghana. Net primary production (NPP) was estimated on the basis of standing biomass accumulation and litter fall. Later studies on litter and wood fall and

6

Ghana-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP Climate Activities UNDP Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Topics Background analysis Website http://ccmap.undp.org/ Country Ghana Western Africa References UNDP Interactive Climate Projects Map[1] Ghana (17) Climate Change Adaptation Programme Climate Change and Development - Adapting by Reducing Vulnerability (CCDARE) Enhancing Access to Sustainable Energy Services Enhancing Access to Sustainable Energy Services for the Poor in Ghana Ghana National Capacity Assessment (Completed) Ghana: Establishing an Effective and Sustainable Structure for Implementing Multilateral Environment Agreements Ghana: Second national Communication to the UNFCCC Global Village Energy Partnership - Energy for Poverty Reduction Action Plan (Completed)

7

Designing sanitation projects in rural Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Providing sanitation to rural areas in Ghana remains a huge challenge. Government funding is scarce while many international donor projects are ineffective. This thesis explores the difficulties with rural sanitation ...

Lau, Jonathan (Jonathan Ho Yin)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Partner Ghana Energy Commission, Tokornoo and Associates, STEPRI, Kumasi Institute of Technology and Environment (KITE) Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ecn.nl/fileadmin/ec Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Ghana Western Africa References Low Carbon Development in Ghana, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs [1] Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) curve, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs[2]

9

Ghana-Ecobank DCA Guarantee | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Ecobank DCA Guarantee Ghana-Ecobank DCA Guarantee Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Ecobank DCA Guarantee Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy Topics Finance, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Ghana Western Africa References Ghana-Ecobank DCA Guarantee[1] Overview "In response to this environment USAID/Ghana implemented two Development Credit Authority (DCA) loan guarantees with EcoBank, a prominent retail bank in Ghana. Under the guarantees USAID/Ghana agreed to cover 50 percent of EcoBank's losses of principle on guaranteed loans up to a specified ceiling on total loan value. The guarantees reduce the bank's risk and thereby encourage it to make loans to specific sectors that support

10

Kenya-GEF Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GEF Projects GEF Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-GEF Projects Agency/Company /Organization Global Environment Facility Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Country Kenya Eastern Africa References GEF Project database[1] GEF Climate Projects in Kenya 1780 Kenya Joint Geophysical Imaging (JGI) Methodology for Geothermal Reservoir Assessment Climate Change UNEP Medium Size Project, GEF Grant-979,059.000, Co-financing total-1,754,264.0 IA Approved 2870 Kenya Market Transformation for Efficient Biomass Stoves for Institutions and Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises Climate Change UNDP Medium Size Project GEF Grant-975,000.000 Co-financing total-5,646,467.0 IA Approved 3249 Kenya Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid Lands (KACCAL)

11

Ghana-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Forestry Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance Country Ghana Western Africa References World Bank Project Database - Ghana [1] Contents 1 Active World Bank Climate Projects in Ghana 1.1 Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Grant 1.2 Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) 1.3 Ghana Rural Energy Access - Global Env. Project 1.4 Ghana Natural Resources and Environmental Governance 2 References Active World Bank Climate Projects in Ghana Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Grant (.2M - Active) Energy Development and Access Project - IBRD/IDA (90M - Active) Ghana Rural Energy Access - Global Env. Project (5.5M - Active).

12

Ghana-NREL Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL Rural Electrification NREL Rural Electrification Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana Rural Electrification Name Ghana Rural Electrification Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner UNDP and GEF Sector Energy Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Program Start 1996 Program End 2002 Country Ghana Western Africa References NREL International Program Overview [1] Abstract From 1996-2002, NREL supported the development of a rural electrification project in Ghana in cooperation with UNDP and GEF. From 1996-2002, NREL supported the development of a rural electrification project in Ghana in cooperation with UNDP and GEF. NREL also piloted a business model for providing energy services in rural areas of Ghana.[1] References ↑ 1.0 1.1 NREL International Program Overview - Ghana

13

Accra, Ghana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Accra, Ghana: Energy Resources Accra, Ghana: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Accra, Ghana Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2306104 Coordinates 5.55°, -0.216667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":5.55,"lon":-0.216667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

14

Ghana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana: Energy Resources Ghana: Energy Resources (Redirected from ECOWAS Gateway-Ghana) Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":8,"lon":-2,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

15

Ghana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana: Energy Resources Ghana: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":8,"lon":-2,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

16

United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana March 16, 2012 - 2:16pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The United States announced today that it has formed a new bilateral partnership with Ghana that will build on the strong bilateral ties between the two countries and support further cooperation on a range of economic development issues. On March 9, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Ghana Finance Minister Kwabena Duffuor signed a Statement of Principles reaffirming our bilateral commitment to supporting President Obama's Partnership for Growth (PfG) Initiative. Ghana is one of the first four countries globally - including El Salvador, Tanzania, and the Philippines - to participate in the interagency PfG Initiative.

17

United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana March 16, 2012 - 2:16pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The United States announced today that it has formed a new bilateral partnership with Ghana that will build on the strong bilateral ties between the two countries and support further cooperation on a range of economic development issues. On March 9, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Ghana Finance Minister Kwabena Duffuor signed a Statement of Principles reaffirming our bilateral commitment to supporting President Obama's Partnership for Growth (PfG) Initiative. Ghana is one of the first four countries globally - including El Salvador, Tanzania, and the Philippines - to participate in the interagency PfG Initiative.

18

Ghana-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification in East Africa AgencyCompany Organization CGIAR's Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Canadian...

19

Ghana-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References IAEA project database1 IAEA is working with Ghana on Evaluating the Role of Nuclear Power in Future Options for Electricity Generation activities. References ...

20

The (Hidden) Costs of Political Instability: Evidence from Kenya'?s 2007 Election Crisis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ministry of Health, and ORC Macro (2004). Kenya DemographicMaryland: CBS, MOH, and ORC Macro. [23] Chen, Li et al. (

Dupas, Pascaline; Robinson, Jon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Ghana?s bioenergy policy: Is 20% biofuel integration achievable by 2030?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In dealing with the climate change externality of the fossil-fuel dominated transport sector, bio-fuels are widely seen as a solution. Through its Bioenergy Policy, Ghana seeks to improve oil supply security, save foreign exchange, create jobs and reduce emissions from the transport sector by integrating 20% biofuels into the transport fuel mix by 2030. This paper systematically analyses the transport fuel demand in Ghana to determine the biofuel supply target in 2020 and 2030 and evaluates the resource input requirements for integration of biofuels into the transport fuel mix. It provides a detailed picture of bio-fuel prospects in Ghana in the 2030 horizon. The research concludes that though significant yield improvement is required to meet the target, the target is achievable.

Insah Iddrisu; Subhes C. Bhattacharyya

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Kenya SWERA-Country Report.pdf  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KENYA COUNTRY REPORT KENYA COUNTRY REPORT SOLAR AND WIND ENERGY RESOURCE ASSESSMENT Nairobi, 23 May 2008 i ii Disclaimer This report is a compilation of information relating to the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Project (SWERA) including data capturing and analysis, computation and mapping using GIS and other technologies to produce a national solar and wind atlases for Kenya. The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations Environment Programme, Government of Kenya, Practical Action or any other party or organizations and countries involved in the SWERA project. Any omissions or alteration of the intended meaning and discrepancies are highly regretted. Daniel Theuri Lead Implementer SWERA National Team Nairobi, 23 May 2008 iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

23

Kenya-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cooperation Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-DLR Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization German Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Resource assessment Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Dataset, Maps Website http://www.dlr.de/tt/desktopde Program Start 2001 Program End 2004 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References DLR-SWERA Resource Assessments[1] From 2001 to 2004 the German Aerospace Center (DLR) worked with Kenya on solar resource and GIS analysis as part of UNEP's Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Programme. References ↑ "DLR-SWERA Resource Assessments" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Kenya-DLR_Cooperation&oldid=328873"

24

An adoption model for mobile banking in Ghana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impact of social and cultural factors on the adoption of technology still requires much research. To investigate it more fully, we examine the reasons for the adoption and non-adoption of mobile banking in Ghana. Through a survey of 271 people ... Keywords: Ghana, TAM, cultural factors, culture, m-banking, mobile banking, mobile communications, social factors, technology adoption models

Margaret Crabbe; Craig Standing; Susan Standing; Heikki Karjaluoto

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Marketing of Tropical Hardwood Wood Products from Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing of Tropical Hardwood Wood Products from Ghana: An Exploratory Study Kofi Poku Richard Vlosky Forest Products Marketing Program Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory Louisiana State University Agricultural Center #12;Overview · Background - the forest of Ghana · Current forest industry and market

26

National Renewable Energy Report for SWERA: Ghana | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Report for SWERA: Ghana Report for SWERA: Ghana Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The National Renewable Energy Report describes the energy situation in Ghana and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities. (Purpose): To promote solar and wind energy investments. Source Ghana Energy Commission Date Released September 02nd, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated November 07th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords documentation Ghana renewable energy solar SWERA UNEP wind Data application/msword icon Download Document (doc, 1.2 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2005 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

27

Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Ghana UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

28

Ghana-GTZ Sustainable Economic Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Economic Development Economic Development Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana-GTZ Sustainable Economic Development Name Ghana-GTZ Sustainable Economic Development Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Partner German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Website http://www.gtz.de/en/weltweit/ Program Start 2006 Program End 2013 Country Ghana Western Africa References Sustainable Economic Development in Ghana[1] GTZ is working with Ghana on this project with the following objective: "The judicial, economic and institutional framework conditions and the access to energy as well as to financial and non-financial services has

29

Ghana-Forest Investment Program (FIP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Forest Investment Program (FIP) Ghana-Forest Investment Program (FIP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Forest Investment Program (FIP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2008 Country Ghana Western Africa References Forest Investment Program (FIP)[1] Forest Investment Program[2] Brazil Specific Documents[3] Democratic Republic of Congo Specific Documents[4] Ghana Specific Documents[5] Indonesia Specific Documents[6] Laos Specific Documents[7] Mexico Specific Documents[8] Peru Specific Documents[9] Overview "The Forest Investment Program (FIP) is a targeted program of the Strategic Climate Fund (SCF), which is one of two funds within the framework of the

30

Ghana Business News Ghana to remove taxes on imported timber products Print http://ghanabusinessnews.com/2009/06/30/ghana-to-remove-taxes-on-imported-timber-products/print/[10/1/2009 8:23:47 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ghana Business News » Ghana to remove taxes on imported timber products » Print http Business News - http://ghanabusinessnews.com - Ghana to remove taxes on imported timber products Posted By admin On June 30, 2009 @ 5:13 pm In General News | No Comments [1] Taxes on imported logs and sawn

31

Retrospective Study of Carcinoma of the Esophagus in Kenya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...studied were peoples of West Kenya, whereas 44...areas of the Rift Valley (1.6%), Coast...in addition to West Kenya, Central Kenya...area of the Rift Valley. This is despite...high-incidence areas of West and Central and low-incidence areas of Rift Valley, Coast, and North...

D. G. Gatei; P. A. Odhiambo; D. A. O. Orinda; F. J. Muruka; and A. Wasunna

1978-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Feasibility evaluation of fired brick technology as a construction material and income-generating industry in Northern Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work evaluates the potential to develop fired brick production in the Northern Region of Ghana. While several brick factories operate in southern Ghana, no factories are known to exist in northern Ghana, which remains ...

Bates, Caroline Nijole

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Ke An | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ke An Ke An Lead Instrument Scientist: VULCAN Education Ph.D. Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Virginia Tech, 2003. M.S. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, 2000. B.S. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, 1998. B.S. Department of Management, Tianjin University, 1998. Honors/Awards 2011 Siemens Teachers as Researchers Mentor Performance Award Supplemental Performance Award, NSSD, ORNL, 2009 Excellence in Science and Technology Research and Development, Ministry of Education, China. 2003. "A Study on Low Cycle Fatigue of Metal Materials under Multiaxial Nonproportional Loading". Excellence in Science and Technology Research and Development, Government of Tianjin City, China. 2002, "Life Prediction of Multiaxial Low Cycle

34

ECN-Supporting low carbon growth in Ghana | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

low carbon growth in Ghana low carbon growth in Ghana Jump to: navigation, search Name Supporting low carbon growth in Ghana Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Partner Ghana Energy Commission, Tokornoo and Associates, STEPRI, Kumasi Institute of Technology and Environment (KITE) Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Topics Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ecn.nl/fileadmin/ec Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Ghana Western Africa References Low Carbon Development in Ghana, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs [1] Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) curve, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs[2] NAMAs and MRV, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs[3]

35

Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Name Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Agency/Company /Organization Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) International Partner European Union (EU), the Netherlands Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Economic Development, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Website http://www.gvepinternational.o Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP)[1]

36

Kenya-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Activities World Bank Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-World Bank Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Country Kenya Eastern Africa References World Bank project database[1] Contents 1 Active World Bank Climate Projects in Kenya 1.1 Kenya: Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (KACCAL) (5.5 M) Global Environment Project, Pipeline 1.2 Kenya Agricultural Carbon Project (1M) Carbon Offset, Pipeline 1.3 CF Kengen, Kiambere, Tana, Eburru (2.77 M) Carbon Offset 1.4 Kenya KenGen Carbon Finance umbrella, Carbon Offset 1.5 Western Kenya Integrated Ecosystem Management Project (4.1M) Global Environment Project

37

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Surveys Speaker(s): Essel Ben Hagan Date: July 12, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Robert Van Buskirk Galen Barbose As part of activities to develop refrigerator efficiency standards regulations in Ghana, a national survey on the energy consumption of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers has been conducted. The survey covered 1000 households in urban, peri-urban and rural communities in various parts of the country. The survey found that, on average, refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers in Ghana use almost three times what is allowed by minimum efficiency standards in the U.S., and a few refrigerators had energy use at levels almost ten times the U.S.

38

Ghana Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) Jump to: navigation, search Name of project Ghana Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) Location of project Ghana Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Information and communications Year initiated 2007 Organization World Bank Website http://web.worldbank.org/exter Coordinates 7.946527°, -1.023194° References World Bank[1] The objective of the Energy Development and Access Project in Ghana is to improve the operational efficiency of the electricity distribution system and increase the population's access to electricity. This will also cause Ghana to support its transition to a low-carbon economy through the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). The project has three main

39

Ghana-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI Ghana-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name Ghana-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -NAMA, -TNA

40

Household water treatment and safe storage product development in Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microbial and/or chemical contaminants can infiltrate into piped water systems, especially when the system is intermittent. Ghana has been suffering from aged and intermittent piped water networks, and an added barrier of ...

Yang, Shengkun, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Ghana-REDD Readiness Requires Radical Reform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Readiness Requires Radical Reform Readiness Requires Radical Reform Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-REDD Readiness Requires Radical Reform Agency/Company /Organization UN-REDD Programme Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Implementation, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Maps, Guide/manual, Training materials Website http://environment.yale.edu/tf Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References Ghana-REDD Readiness[1] Summary "The fundamental changes needed for sustainable forest management in Ghana have been known for years, and many large projects have been instigated accordingly. Yet real change has proved elusive. The key challenge now is to get REDD-plus right so that it makes a difference. Dialogue participants

42

Initiatives Related to Climate Change in Ghana | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Initiatives Related to Climate Change in Ghana Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Initiatives Related to Climate Change in Ghana Agency/Company /Organization: Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Sector: Energy, Land, Water, Climate Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Transportation, Forestry Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: cdkn.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Ghana-initiatives-mapping-climate- Country: Ghana Cost: Free UN Region: Western Africa

43

Kenya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya: Energy Resources Kenya: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":1,"lon":38,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

44

KE Basin Sludge Flocculant Testing  

SciTech Connect

In the revised path forward and schedule for the K Basins Sludge Retrieval and Disposal Project, the sludge in K East (KE) Basin will be moved from the floor and pits and transferred to large, free-standing containers located in the pits (so as to isolate the sludge from the basin). When the sludge is pumped into the containers, it must settle fast enough and clarify sufficiently that the overflow water returned to the basin pool will not cloud the water or significantly increase the radiological dose rate to the operations staff as a result of increased suspended radioactive material. The approach being evaluated to enhance sludge settling and speed the rate of clarification is to add a flocculant to the sludge while it is being transferred to the containers. In February 2004, seven commercial flocculants were tested with a specific K Basin sludge simulant to identify those agents that demonstrated good performance over a broad range of slurry solids concentrations. From this testing, a cationic polymer flocculant, Nalco Optimer 7194 Plus (7194+), was shown to exhibit superior performance. Related prior testing with K Basin sludge and simulant in 1994/1996 had also identified this agent as promising. In March 2004, four series of jar tests were conducted with 7194+ and actual KE Basin sludge (prepared by combining selected archived KE sludge samples). The results from these jar tests show that 7194+ greatly improves settling of the sludge slurries and clarification of the supernatant.

Schmidt, Andrew J.; Hallen, Richard T.; Muzatko, Danielle S.; Gano, Sue

2004-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

45

A Strategic Overview of the Forest Sector in Ghana Odoom Domson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of 51%:49%.The population growth rate is 1.25% and a population density of 78.9 persons /sq, 2007 #12;2 A Brief Description of Ghana Geography Ghana is located on the west coast of Africa.lib.utexas.edu/map/ghana.html #12;3 People Ghana's population is about 20.5 million people (2005 est.) with female: male ratio

46

E-Print Network 3.0 - aflatoxicosis outbreak kenya Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Mountain Bongo Antelope to Mt. Kenya World... steps needed to reestablish a self-sustaining, wild population of bongo on Mt. Kenya, and ... Source: Rare Species Conservatory...

47

Kenya-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Kenya Eastern Africa References UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program1 Abstract UNEP DTIE in collaboration with the UNEP Risoe Centre will provide targeted...

48

Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development Strategies" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleKenya-SupportingLowCarbonDevelopmentandClimateResilientStrategiesinAfrica&oldid700446...

49

Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), University of Ghana Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/assist Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References CDKN-Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework[1] Policy brief[2]

50

Nairobi, Kenya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nairobi, Kenya: Energy Resources Nairobi, Kenya: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 184745 Coordinates -1.274359°, 36.813106° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-1.274359,"lon":36.813106,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

51

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment for Ghana  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana Ghana provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Ghana provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give projet developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected

52

Horticultural marketing in Kenya: conduct and performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HORTICULTURAL MARKETING IN KENYA: CONDUCT AND PERFORMANCE A Thesis by DICKSON TEYIE MUTOKA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of tne requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1981... Major Subject: Agricultural Economics HORTICULTURAL MARKETING IN KEl&A: CONDUCT AND PERFGRl4lMNCE A Thesis by DICKSOM TEYIE NUTGKA Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) ~n (Member) (Head of Departmen ABSTRACT...

Mutoka, Dickson Teyie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

53

Volcanism of the Kenya Rift Valley [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Volcanism of the Kenya Rift Valley [and Discussion] B. C. King G. R...Robson R. B. McConnell The Kenya rift valley is a sector of the rift system of eastern...distances of 200 km or more both to the west and east and is broadly centred on the...

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Earthquake hazard in the Kenya Rift: the Subukia earthquake 1928  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Sketches, p. 6, Det. Publ. Works, Nairobi. Sikes, H. L., 1934. The underground water resources of Kenya colony, Publ. Gout. Kenya Col. & Protect., p. 22, plt. 21, London. Simmons, W. C., 1982a. Notes taken in the Nakuru area in connection......

N. N. Ambraseys

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Kenya Eastern Africa References UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services[1] Overview "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services consist of policy advice, technical

56

Kenya-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Kenya-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Agency/Company /Organization Danish Government Partner Danish Ministry for Climate, Energy, and Building; The Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy Topics Implementation, Low emission development planning Program Start 2011 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Denmark[1] Overview Progress and Outcomes Capacity building needs identified are lessons learned, challenges and gaps, including those that may be common between countries, and aspects of good practice for assumptions, methodologies and other aspects of baseline setting. References ↑ "Denmark" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Kenya-Danish_Government_Baseline_Workstream&oldid=699929"

57

Mobile GIS for Cadastral Data Collection in Ghana Eric MENSAHOKANTEY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile GIS for Cadastral Data Collection in Ghana Eric MENSAH­OKANTEY Barend K?BBEN 1 Introduction With the development of Web GIS and the emergence of Mobile GIS new possibilities of data capture and maintenance objective was to design a system of Mobile GIS suitable for building and revising a cadastral database. Up

Köbben, Barend

58

Ghana-GTZ Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Programme Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana-GTZ Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Programme Name Ghana-GTZ Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Programme Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/um Country Ghana Western Africa References Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Programme in Ghana[1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. References ↑ "Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Programme in Ghana" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ghana-GTZ_Electrification_Component_of_the_Promotion_of_Private_Sector_Programme&oldid=328714"

59

Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in Smallholder Systems (SAMPLES) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in Smallholder Systems (SAMPLES) Agency/Company /Organization CGIAR's Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the European Union, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Partner International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Ministry of Agriculture Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Macroeconomic, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -TNA

60

Design and Usability Testing of an mHealth Application for Midwives in Rural Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Midwives in Ghana provide the majority of rural primary and maternal healthcare services, but have limited access to data for decision making and knowledge work. (more)

Velez, Olivia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Ghana-Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Green Economy (PAGE) Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE) AgencyCompany Organization United Nations Environment Programme...

62

Analysis of Primary Stakeholders Participation in Forest Resources Management: The Case of the Krokosua Hills Forest Reserve, Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ghanas forest resources are vital for the countrys sustainable development and various forestry reform initiatives have been implemented to improve governance in the forestry sector. (more)

Adams, Marshall Alhassan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -NAMA, -TNA

64

Kenya-LEDS Tier I Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-LEDS Tier I Activities Kenya-LEDS Tier I Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-LEDS Tier I Activities Agency/Company /Organization United States Department of State, United States Department of Agriculture Partner Multiple Ministries of Agriculture Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture, Land Use Topics Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://transition.usaid.gov/ou Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Program[1] Overview "Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) is a U.S. Government initiative to support developing countries' efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable,

65

Kenya-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP Climate Activities UNDP Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis UN Region Eastern Africa References UNDP Climate Projects Map [1] UNDP Climate Projects in Kenya Coping with Drought & Climate Change Coping with Drought & Climate Change Coping with drought and climate change Coping with Drought and Climate Change Coping with Drought and Climate Change (4KEN05410) Development and Implementation of a Standards and Labelling Programme in Kenya Kenya Sustainable Transport Development: "Road Bypass Constructions" on Major Urban Centres along the Northern Corridor in Kenya Regional Project Building capacity in sub-Saharan Africa to respond to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC (Completed)

66

Event:Sustainable Energy Finance Summer Academy - Nairobi, Kenya | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Finance Summer Academy - Nairobi, Kenya Finance Summer Academy - Nairobi, Kenya Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Sustainable Energy Finance Summer Academy - Nairobi, Kenya: on 2012/10/21 UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate and Sustainable Energy Finance (the Centre) offers a second Summer Academy this year for the very first time in Nairobi, Kenya with a special regional focus on Africa. The Summer Academy targets project developers, policy advisors, financiers and consultants. The Academy offers a comprehensive framework for financing renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in both emerging and developing markets, including practical, integrated knowledge and tools. There will be a wealth of opportunities to network and solve problems with other relevant stakeholders. Please note: The selection of applications will be on a first-come,

67

Kenya-Capital Markets Climate Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Kenya-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Agency/Company /Organization World Economic Forum Partner UK Department of Energy and Climate Sector Climate Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/cont Country Kenya Eastern Africa References CMCI[1] World Economic Forum[2] The Capital Markets Climate Initiative (CMCI) is a public-private initiative designed to support the scale up of private finance flows for low carbon technologies, solutions and infrastructure in developing economies by: Developing a common understanding amongst policy makers of why and how public sector action can help mobilise private capital and encourage new markets in low carbon investments

68

Transaction Networks: Evidence from Mobile Money in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile money allows households in Kenya to spread risk more efficiently. In this paper we show that these efficiencies are achieved through deeper financial integration and expanded informal networks. Active networks are ...

Jack, William

69

Appropriate water treatment for the Nyanza Province of Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2000 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in conjunction with CARE International began working with several local non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the Nyanza Province of Kenya to reduce the rate ...

Alekal, Pragnya Y. (Pragnya Yogesh), 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Kenya-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Kenya-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Department of Energy, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency Topics Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Resource assessment Program Start 2010 Program End 2016 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References EC-LEDS[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Framework 3 Lessons Learned and Good Practices 4 Progress and Outcomes

71

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit for Ghana from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Stand-alone and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the geospatial toolkit executable, Getting Started Document, and metadata.

72

Indifferent justice? A history of the judges of Kenya and Tanganyika, 1897-1963  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the history of the judges of Kenya and Tanganyika between 1897, when the first British court was established in Mombasa, and 1963, when Kenya gained independence. The formation of judicial identities ...

Swanepoel, Paul Arthur Albertus

2010-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

73

CDKN-Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), University of Ghana Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/assist Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References CDKN-Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework[1] Policy brief[2] "CDKN responded to a request by the Government of Ghana to help develop a

74

On the 17-keV neutrino  

SciTech Connect

A brief review on the status of the 17-keV neutrino is presented. Several different experiments found spectral distortions which were consistently interpreted as evidence for a heavy neutrino admixture in {beta} decay. Recent experiments, however, rule out the existence of a 17-keV neutrino as well as escaping criticisms of earlier null results. Moreover, the majority of positive results have been reinterpreted in terms of instrumental effects, despite the need for a different explanation in each case. Anomalies persist in the low energy region of the tritium spectrum which deserve further investigation.

Hime, A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

On the 17-keV neutrino  

SciTech Connect

A brief review on the status of the 17-keV neutrino is presented. Several different experiments found spectral distortions which were consistently interpreted as evidence for a heavy neutrino admixture in [beta] decay. Recent experiments, however, rule out the existence of a 17-keV neutrino as well as escaping criticisms of earlier null results. Moreover, the majority of positive results have been reinterpreted in terms of instrumental effects, despite the need for a different explanation in each case. Anomalies persist in the low energy region of the tritium spectrum which deserve further investigation.

Hime, A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

An Integrated Geophysical Analysis Of The Upper Crust Of The Southern Kenya  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Upper Crust Of The Southern Kenya Upper Crust Of The Southern Kenya Rift Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Integrated Geophysical Analysis Of The Upper Crust Of The Southern Kenya Rift Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Previous interpretations of seismic data collected by the Kenya Rift International Seismic Project (KRISP) experiments indicate the presence of crustal thickening within the rift valley area beneath the Kenya dome, an uplift centred on the southern part of the Kenya rift. North of the dome, these interpretations show thinning of the crust and an increase in crustal extension. To the south near the Kenya/Tanzania border, crustal thinning associated with the rift is modest. Our study was aimed at further investigating crustal structure from this dome southwards via a

77

Meteorology: typical meteorological data for selected stations in Ghana  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data for selected stations in Ghana data for selected stations in Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each TMY is a data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. The container file contains one TMY file for each selected station in the region, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations> (Supplemental Information): A TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. The intended use is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years. Because they represent typical rather than extreme conditions, they are not suited for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location.

78

Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Dialogue, Advisory Services, Benchmarking Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Dialogue, Advisory Services, Benchmarking Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Ghana Western Africa References Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)[1] Program Overview The project will promote Green Economy in developing countries and emerging economies as a realistic approach towards low-carbon development. It will

79

Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened and How  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened and How Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened and How to Sustain It Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why is Happened and How to Sustain It Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.oecd.org/dataoecd/38/58/41041414.pdf Country: Cameroon, Mali, Ghana UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

80

Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://www.ecn.nl/en/ Program Start 2009 Program End 2010 Country Ghana Western Africa References ECN Policy Studies[1] Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies[2] Overview The projects has three main goals: to provide input for a general methodology for developing Low Carbon Development Strategies to contribute to knowledge, mutual understanding and experience on the concept of Low Carbon Development Strategies with the aim to inform the international climate negotiations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Science Journalism in Ghana: A Study of Journalists Who Cover Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for scientific researchers as barriers to science reporting. Many respondents said the current status of science journalism in Ghana is low, and most favored increasing the amount of science journalism, in part to promote public literacy in science. The findings...

Appiah, Bernard

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

82

Pilot study of horizontal roughing filtration in northern Ghana as pretreatment for highly turbid dugout water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Northern Region Ghana (NRG), highly turbid rainwater runoff and intermittent streams are collected in earthen dams called dugouts. These dams serve as many communities' main source of drinking and domestic water despite ...

Losleben, Tamar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Water quality and business aspects of sachet-vended water in Tamale, Ghana .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microbial water quality analyses were conducted on 15 samples of factory-produced sachet water and 15 samples of hand-tied sachet water, sold in Tamale, Ghana. The (more)

Okioga, Teshamulwa (Teshamulwa Irene)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Social and cultural context of rural water and sanitation projects: case studies from Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The research underpinning this work took place in the context of two rural water and sanitation projects carried out in the Eastern Region of Ghana. The focus of study was on the way engineers can make water and sanitation ...

Furber, Alison Mary

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Mapping mental health finances in Ghana, Uganda, Sri Lanka, India and Lao PDR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Limited evidence about mental health finances in low and middle-income countries is a key challenge to mental health care policy initiatives. This study aimed to map mental health finances in Ghana, Uganda, In...

Shoba Raja; Sarah K Wood; Victoria de Menil

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A case for public sanitation with on-site treatment in Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), 14% of the population in Ghana use improved sanitation facilities and 59% use shared facilities. The objective of this thesis is to offer a situational analysis ...

David, LaKisha T. (LaKisha Tawanda)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Technical Report - Ghana Wind Energy Resource Assessment | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana Wind Energy Resource Assessment Ghana Wind Energy Resource Assessment Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km2) wind energy resource maps for Ghana. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within Ghana. Source NREL Date Released August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Keywords documentation GEF Ghana GIS NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 54.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2006 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Restrictions to use (Use Constraints): This GIS data was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory ("NREL"), which is operated by the Midwest Research Institute for the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE"). The user is granted the right, without any fee or cost, to use, copy, modify, alter, enhance and distribute this data for any purpose whatsoever, provided that this entire notice appears in all copies of the data. Further, the user of this data agrees to credit NREL in any publications or software that incorporate or use the data. Access to and use of the GIS data shall further impose the following obligations on the User. The names DOE/NREL may not be used in any advertising or publicity to endorse or promote any product or commercial entity using or incorporating the GIS data unless specific written authorization is obtained from DOE/NREL. The User also understands that DOE/NREL shall not be obligated to provide updates, support, consulting, training or assistance of any kind whatsoever with regard to the use of the GIS data. THE GIS DATA IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL DOE/NREL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO CLAIMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOSS OF DATA OR PROFITS, WHICH MAY RESULT FROM AN ACTION IN CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS CLAIM THAT ARISES OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE ACCESS OR USE OF THE GIS DATA. The User acknowledges that access to the GIS data is subject to U.S. Export laws and regulations and any use or transfer of the GIS data must be authorized under those regulations. The User shall not use, distribute, transfer, or transmit GIS data or any products incorporating the GIS data except in compliance with U.S. export regulations. If requested by DOE/NREL, the User agrees to sign written assurances and other export-related documentation as may be required to comply with U.S. export regulations.

88

Assessing the operations of the bulk oil storage and Transportation Company Limited in petroleum products delivery to Northern Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The government of Ghana realising the importance of petroleum products, established the Tema Oil Refinery (TOR) in 1961 in order to process crude oil into (more)

Moses Oswald Avoyingah Amoah

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) [1] The intended outcome of the programme is that new mechanisms are established by the Govt. of Kenya, private sector and civil society to enable substantially expanded investments for increased resilience to

90

Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) [1] The intended outcome of the programme is that new mechanisms are established by the Govt. of Kenya, private sector and civil society to enable substantially expanded investments for increased resilience to

91

Insecticide-treated net (ITN) ownership, usage, and malaria transmission in the highlands of western Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey, 2003. Ministry of Health Kenya, and ORC Macro.Maryland: CBS, MOH, and ORC Macro; 2004. Noor AM, Amin AA,

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Limited Insurance Within the Household: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Health (MOH), and ORC Macro (2004). Kenya Demographic andMaryland: CBS, MOH, and ORC Macro. [10] Charness, Gary and

Robinson, Jonathan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

A Case Study About Cell Phone Use by People in Rural Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The arrival of the cell phone in rural areas has taken Kenya by storm. It has turned out to be such an amazing transition (more)

Eriksson, Evanjeline

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income...

95

Microsoft Word - Ghana_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessment (SWERA) Assessment (SWERA) High Resolution Solar Radiation Assessment for Ghana Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP.

96

Microsoft Word - ghana-document_de-dh.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Energy Resource Mapping Activity Wind Energy Resource Mapping Activity Introduction This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km 2 ) wind energy resource maps for the country of Ghana. These maps were created at the United States Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) as part of the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) project for the United Nations Environment Programme. The wind mapping activity covered approximately 110,000 km 2 of land area and, including offshore areas, more than 150,000 km 2 . The maps can be found in a separate part of the SWERA archive. NREL's Wind Resource Assessment and Mapping System (WRAMS) is a combination of analytical, numerical, and empirical methods using Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping tools and data

97

Promoting Transparency and Strengthening Public Trust in Government through Information Communication Technologies?: A Study of Ghana's E-Governance Initiative  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper attempts to examine Ghana's quest to use ICT as a tool to enhance transparency and build public trust in government. The questions the paper attempts to answer are: what are the main challenges confronting the government's e-governance initiative ... Keywords: ICT, Public Sector, Transparency, Trust, eGhana

Frank L. K. Ohemeng, Kwaku Ofosu-Adarkwa

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Moldova-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

99

Russian-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

100

Microsoft Word - Kenya_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Ghana Goes for Green Growth: National Engagement on Climate Change | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana Goes for Green Growth: National Engagement on Climate Change Ghana Goes for Green Growth: National Engagement on Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ghana Goes for Green Growth: National Engagement on Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: Government of Ghana Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: www.ecn.nl/nl/home/ Country: Ghana UN Region: Western Africa Coordinates: 7.946527°, -1.023194° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":7.946527,"lon":-1.023194,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

102

The Palaeomagnetism of Late Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania T. A. Reilly P. K. S. Raja A. E...from the volcanic province of northern Tanzania, Nature Phys. Sci., 229, 19-20...Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania T .A. Reilly Geological Survey of Ireland......

T. A. Reilly; P. K. S. Raja; A. E. Mussett; A. Brock

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

The Palaeomagnetism of Late Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania T. A. Reilly P. K. S. Raja A. E...from the volcanic province of northern Tanzania, Nature Phys. Sci., 229, 19-20...Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks from Kenya and Tanzania T. A. Reilly Geological Survey of Ireland......

T. A. Reilly; P. K. S. Raja; A. E. Mussett; A. Brock

1958-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Using Smartphone Technology in Environmental Sustainability Education: The Case of the Maasai Mara Region in Kenya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study engaged key stakeholders in an economically and environmentally fragile region in Kenya in a unique, interdisciplinary, and integrative approach to explore the extent to which the use of smartphone technology helps access the environmental ... Keywords: Environmental Perception, Kenya, Mara, Photovoice, Smartphone, Sustainability

James Dogbey, Cassie Quigley, Megan Che, Jeffrey Hallo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

An Integrated Geophysical Study Of The Northern Kenya Rift | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Rift Kenya Rift Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Integrated Geophysical Study Of The Northern Kenya Rift Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The Kenyan part of the East African rift is among the most studied rift zones in the world. It is characterized by: (1) a classic rift valley, (2) sheer escarpments along the faulted borders of the rift valley, (3) voluminous volcanics that flowed from faults and fissures along the rift, and (4) axial and flank volcanoes where magma flow was most intense. In northern Kenya, the rift faults formed in an area where the lithosphere was weakened and stretched by Cretaceous-Paleogene extension, and in central and southern Kenya, it formed along old zones of weakness at the

106

CDKN-Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources on behalf of the National CC Task Force, HTSPE, IDLA, LTS International/ ACCLIMATISE, IISD, Adam Smith International +subcontractors Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/2011/04/an-act Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Kenya UN Region Eastern Africa References CDKN-Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy[1]

107

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Kenya UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

108

Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development: Modelling Energy Scenarios for Ghana Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://esa.un.org/un-energy/pd Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development[1]

109

Kenya-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Kenya-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector Agency/Company /Organization United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Partner Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Environment Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture, Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Land Use Assessment Toolkit - Agriculture Resources[1] Overview Progress and Outcomes Capacity building activities include strengthening implementation of

110

Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources on behalf of the National CC Task Force, HTSPE, IDLA, LTS International/ ACCLIMATISE, IISD, Adam Smith International +subcontractors Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/2011/04/an-act Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Kenya

111

Habits and population parameters of olive baboons in the Laikipia district of Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; of Kenya. . . . . . . 38 Pa~e Troop :;'zc. estimated. from capture data by Zi&!pin's (1&3~!8) meti&od and actual nu, "&her of captur. ::; oi' 4 troop- of olive baboon = ir& the Laikipia i3~strict of Kenya. . . . . . . . 46 Repression of chest p...&rth of infant male o1ive baboons and estimated troop size of 4 troops of olive baboons in the L, ik'pia Bs str ict of Kenya. INTHODUCTTO&M Tt c& spec. -'es of ba! cons occur In Ken a: Paoio anubi- and 1'apio cynoceohalus. Pap. i o anubis is characterised...

Berger, Michael Edward

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Public exposure to hazards associated with natural radioactivity in open-pit mining in Ghana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and Waste Safety in Mining and Mineral Procession...on the Kubi Forest Mining Project. Environmental...Anglogold Ashanti. Review of Operations. Annual...Community Development Plan, Iduapriem and Teberebe...International Basic Safety Standards (BSS) for protection...radioactivity in open-pit mining in Ghana. | The......

E. O. Darko; A. Faanu; A. R. Awudu; G. Emi-Reynolds; J. Yeboah; O. C. Oppon; E. H. K. Akaho

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

ICPSOP 2000 Accra, Ghana THE EVOLUTION OF THE U.S.A. OPEN ACCESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

toward the regionalization of the transmission system currently underway. © Copyright George Gross, 2000ICPSOP 2000 Accra, Ghana 1 THE EVOLUTION OF THE U.S.A. OPEN ACCESS TRANSMISSION REGIME by George Gross University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL 61801, USA gross@uiuc.edu ABSTRACT

Gross, George

114

Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Hydro Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Publications Website http://sgp.undp.org/download/S Country Kenya UN Region Eastern Africa References Kenya Micro Hydro [1] Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Screenshot Background "This project sought to remove the policy, technical and institutional barriers that limited the development and use of renewable energy sources

115

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment - Kenya Country Report | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Kenya Country Report - Kenya Country Report Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities. (Purpose): To influence investment decisions by promoting and supporting renewable energy by overcoming informational barriers in solar and wind energy financing. Source Daniel Theuri - SWERA National Team Date Released November 23rd, 2008 (6 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords documentation Kenya renewable energy solar SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 9.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2008 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment

116

Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in Africa Agency/Company /Organization France Agency of Development (AFD) Partner ADETEF Sector Climate Focus Area People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.afd.fr/home Program Start 2013 Program End 2015 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Low Emissions Development Strategies [1] This project focuses on four Sub-Saharan African countries and seeks to make different achievements in climate change national policies within each of those countries. This is a technical assistance program focusing on

117

What Role Can History Play for the Newly Urbanized Women of Kenya and Tanzania?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Emplo~nr Riglus in Tanzania (London: The Women's Press,both between Kenya and Tanzania and between urban Eastpeople of South Eastern Tanzania. 6 A comparison with Latin

Landau, Loren B.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Mount Kenya Global Atmosphere Watch Station (MKN): Installation and Meteorological Characterization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The meteorological conditions at the Mount Kenya (station identifier MKN) tropical Global Atmosphere Watch Programme station are described. Like other stations in mountainous terrain, the site experiences thermally induced wind systems that ...

Stephan Henne; Wolfgang Junkermann; Josiah M. Kariuki; John Aseyo; Jrg Klausen

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Climate-driven variations in geothermal activity in the northern Kenya rift valley  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... In the northern Kenya rift valley, geothermal activity is associated with a series of Quaternary volcanoes (Fig. 1). Hot, ... tables, a consequence of the semi-arid to arid climate of the region.

N. C. Sturchio; P. N. Dunkley; M. Smith

1993-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

120

Traditionally Protected Forests Role within Transforming Natural Resource Management Regimes in Taita Hills, Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In Taita Hills, south-eastern Kenya, remnants of indigenous mountain rainforests play a crucial role as water towers and socio-cultural sites. They are pressurized due to (more)

Himberg, Nina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Environmental hazards in African agriculture: factors influencing application of agrochemicals in Nakuru district, Kenya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper uses data from a 2003 survey of farming households in Nakuru, Kenya. The objectives were: to establish the quantities of agrochemicals applied as compared to recommendations thus detecting ... to explo...

J.K. Lagat; S.M. Wangia; B.K. Njehia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Kenya-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Kenya-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Agency/Company /Organization ClimateWorks, Project Catalyst, McKinsey and Company Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Country Kenya Eastern Africa References LCGP support[1] Low Carbon Growth Plans Advancing Good Practice, August 2009[2] Overview "Achieving development goals depends on enabling poorer countries to accelerate or maintain robust economic growth despite the disproportionate impacts of climate change which they face. The central challenge is to enable all countries to strengthen delivery of their own development visions and goals through low-carbon, climate-resilient, or 'climate

123

ADHERENCE TO TREATMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE PREVENTION OF MOTHER-TO-CHILD HIV TRANSMISSION IN KENYA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Access to the most effective treatments is not universal and treatment coverage for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) is still low in many countries, including Kenya (WHO, 2010a). To improve uptake of ...

Clark, Kristine Frances

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

124

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone etbenefits relative to incandescent bulbs, and low-cost LEDsby dry cell batteries, incandescent flashlights powered by a

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Erosive coping after the 2011 floods in Kenya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Periodic river floods have devastating social and economic impacts on poor households in the low-lying coastal and western regions of Kenya. This paper focuses on how households in Bunyala District coped with the impacts of flooding, and particularly the December 2011 River Nzoia flood. The data for the study was collected through a survey of 400 households, three focus group discussions, four in-depth interviews and six key informant interviews. Of the surveyed household-heads, 393 (98.4%) reported negative impacts of the flood on farming, livestock and/or property. Coping strategies at household level included temporary relocation and migration, reduced expenditure on household needs, engagement in extra income-generating activities, selling of property and reliance on support from public and private agencies. The findings reveal that many of the coping measures that people use are erosive, as they have negative long-term effects on household livelihood sustainability.

Denis Opiyo Opondo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Compact, maintainable 80-KeV neutral beam module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact, maintainable 80-keV arc chamber, extractor module for a neutral beam system immersed in a vacuum of <10.sup.-2 Torr, incorporating a nested 60-keV gradient shield located midway between the high voltage ion source and surrounding grounded frame. The shield reduces breakdown or arcing path length without increasing the voltage gradient, tends to keep electric fields normal to conducting surfaces rather than skewed and reduces the peak electric field around irregularities on the 80-keV electrodes. The arc chamber or ion source is mounted separately from the extractor or ion accelerator to reduce misalignment of the accelerator and to permit separate maintenance to be performed on these systems. The separate mounting of the ion source provides for maintaining same without removing the ion accelerator.

Fink, Joel H. (Livermore, CA); Molvik, Arthur W. (Livermore, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Ghana from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data intended for use in the Geospatial toolkit or with any GIS software. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the available geospatial toolkit data and metadata. Each country's data package depends on the data provided by the SWERA partners. ---------------------------------------------------------

128

Ghana's regional development in economics, education and natural resources, with a case study on customers' preferences for household water treatment & safe storage products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ghana is one of the few countries that was re-classified from low-income country to low-middle income country in 2011 by the World Bank (World Bank, 2011a). At the same time, Ghana is still in the process of achieving the ...

Qiu, Weini

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Logistics cost analysis of rice residues for second generation bioenergy production in Ghana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study explores the techno-economic potential of rice residues as a bioenergy resource to meet Ghanas energy demands. Major rice growing regions of Ghana have 7090% of residues available for bioenergy production. To ensure cost-effective biomass logistics, a thorough cost analysis was made for two bioenergy routes. Logistics costs for a 5MWe straw combustion plant were 39.01, 47.52 and 47.89USD/t for Northern, Ashanti and Volta regions respectively. Logistics cost for a 0.25MWe husk gasification plant (with roundtrip distance 10km) was 2.64USD/t in all regions. Capital cost (6672%) contributes significantly to total logistics costs of straw, however for husk logistics, staff (40%) and operation and maintenance costs (46%) dominate. Baling is the major processing logistic cost for straw, contributing to 4648% of total costs. Scale of straw unit does not have a large impact on logistic costs. Transport distance of husks has considerable impact on logistic costs.

Pooja Vijay Ramamurthi; Maria Cristina Fernandes; Per Sieverts Nielsen; Clemente Pedro Nunes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

The habitat use and selection of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in a land use landscape in Kenya, Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

elephant populations in eastern Africa are in Tanzania (80% of regional population), Kenya (12% of regional in Kenya, Africa Ashley Coe Ashley Coe (Corresponding author) Montana State University Bozeman, MT Email) to determine what land use cover types support larger densities of elephants as a very general indicate

Hansen, Andrew J.

131

SPECIAL ISSUE Ke Chung Kim Loren B. Byrne  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- scapes, which hinders ecosystem management and biodiversity conservation; (4) biodiversity studiesSPECIAL ISSUE Ke Chung Kim ? Loren B. Byrne Biodiversity loss and the taxonomic bottleneck: emerging biodiversity science Received: 11 April 2006 / Accepted: 10 August 2006 / Published online: 24

Byrne, Loren

132

Measurement of Branching Ratio for K+?e+?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a 2?-sr magnetic spectrometer, the branching ratio for K+?e+? relative to that for K+??+? has been measured to be (2.42 0.42) 10-5, in good agreement with the predictions of the V-A theory.

A. R. Clark, Bruce Cork, T. Elioff, L. T. Kerth, J. F. McReynolds, David Newton, and W. A. Wenzel

1972-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

133

Kenya-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Kenya-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

134

Kenya-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification Kenya-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification in East Africa Agency/Company /Organization CGIAR's Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA), the European Union, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Partner International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics (ICRISAT), International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Ministry of Agriculture Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Adaptation, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Macroeconomic, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -TNA

135

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for Kenya  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Kenya provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

136

Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

137

Public participation in and learning through SEA in Kenya  

SciTech Connect

Meaningful public engagement is a challenging, but promising, feature of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) due to its potential for integrating sustainability principles into policies, plans and programs in developing countries such as Kenya. This research examined two selected SEA case studies to identify the extent of participation, learning outcomes attributable to participation, and if any learning outcomes led to social action for sustainability at the community level. Strengths across the two cases were the inclusion of marginalized populations and consideration of socio-economic concerns. Consistent weaknesses included inadequate notice, document inaccessibility, lack of feedback and communication, and late analysis of alternatives. Despite some learning conditions being unfulfilled, examples of instrumental, communicative, and transformative learning were identified through a focus group and semi-structured interviews with community participants and public officials. Some of these learning outcomes led to individual and social actions that contribute to sustainability. -- Highlights: The strengths and weaknesses of Kenyan SEA public participation processes were identified. Multiple deficiencies in the SEA process likely frustrate meaningful public engagement. Participant learning was observed despite process weaknesses. Participant learning can lead to action for sustainability at the community level.

Walker, Heidi, E-mail: heidi.mwalker@yahoo.ca [Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 303-70 Dysart Road, Winnipeg R3T 2M6 (Canada)] [Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 303-70 Dysart Road, Winnipeg R3T 2M6 (Canada); Sinclair, A. John, E-mail: john.sinclair@ad.umanitoba.ca [Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 303-70 Dysart Road, Winnipeg R3T 2M6 (Canada); Spaling, Harry, E-mail: harry.spaling@kingsu.ca [Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, The King's University College, 9125-50 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6B 2H3 (Canada)] [Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, The King's University College, 9125-50 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6B 2H3 (Canada)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Relic keV sterile neutrinos and reionization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A sterile neutrino with mass of several keV can account for cosmological dark matter, as well as explain the observed velocities of pulsars. We show that X-rays produced by the decays of these relic sterile neutrinos can boost the production of molecular hydrogen, which can speed up the cooling of gas and the early star formation, which can, in turn, lead to a reionization of the universe at a high enough redshift to be consistent with the WMAP results.

Peter L. Biermann; Alexander Kusenko

2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

139

How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya Erick Oduor1 of Interactive Arts and Technology1 Simon Fraser University 250-13450 102nd Avenue, Surrey BC, Canada [firstname research for sub-Saharan Africa has focused on how technology related interventions have aimed

Cortes, Corinna

140

Online Latent Dirichlet Allocation with Infinite Vocabulary Ke Zhai and Jordan Boyd-Graber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Allocation with Infinite Vocabulary Ke Zhai and Jordan Boyd-Graber University of Maryland 1. Online LDA: What

Boyd-Graber, Jordan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Extending broadband past the urban fringe with wireless mesh : a strategic analysis with policy implications for Kenya's Universal Service Fund  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the competitive wholesale cost of bandwidth continues to plummet in Kenya, last-mile networks have become a bottleneck in the extension of affordable broadband outside major cities. In this work we explore the business ...

Berkoben, Keith A. (Keith Alexander)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Linac4 45 keV Proton Beam Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linac4 is a 160 MeV normal-conducting H- linear accelerator, which will replace the 50 MeV proton Linac2 as injector for the CERN proton complex. Commissioning of the low energy part - comprising the H - source, a 45 keV Low Energy Beam Transport line (LEBT), a 3 MeV Radiofrequency Quadrupole (RFQ) and a Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT) - will start in fall 2012 on a dedicated test stand installation. In preparation to this, preliminary measurements were taken using a 45 keV proton source and a temporary LEBT setup, with the aim of characterising the output beam by comparison with the predictions of simulations. At the same time this allowed a first verification of the functionalities of diagnostics instrumentation and acquisition software tools. Measurements of beam profile, emittance and intensity were taken in three different setups: right after the source, after the first and after the second LEBT solenoids respectively. Particle distributions were reconstructed from emittance scan...

Bellodi, G; Hein, L M; Lallement, J-B; Lombardi, A M; Midttun, O; Scrivens, R; Posocco, P A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Water relations strategies of two grass and shrub species as influenced by prescribed burning in a semiarid ecosystem in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WATER RELATIONS STRATEGIES OF TWO GRASS AND SHRUB SPECIES AS INFLUENCED BY PRESCRIBED BURNING IN A SEMIARID ECOSYSTEM IN KENYA A Thesis by ALI RAMADHAN ALI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in Partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1984 Major Subject: Range Science WATER RELATIONS STRATEGIES OF TWO GRASS AND SHRUB SPECIES AS INFLUENCED BY PRESCRIBED BURNING IN A SEMIARID ECOSYSTEM IN KENYA A Thesis by ALI RAMADHAN ALI...

Ali, Ali Ramadhan

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

High resolution 17 keV to 75 keV backlighters for High Energy Density experiments  

SciTech Connect

We have developed 17 keV to 75 keV 1-dimensional and 2-dimensional high-resolution (< 10 {micro}m) radiography using high-intensity short pulse lasers. High energy K-{alpha} sources are created by fluorescence from hot electrons interacting in the target material after irradiation by lasers with intensity I{sub L} > 10{sup 17} W/cm{sup 2}. We have achieved high resolution point projection 1-dimensional and 2-dimensional radiography using micro-foil and micro-wire targets attached to low-Z substrate materials. The micro-wire size was 10 {micro}m x 10 {micro}m x 300 {micro}m on a 300 {micro}m x 300 {micro}m x 5 {micro}m CH substrate. The radiography performance was demonstrated using the Titan laser at LLNL. We observed that the resolution is dominated by the micro-wire target size and there is very little degradation from the plasma plume, implying that the high energy x-ray photons are generated mostly within the micro-wire volume. We also observe that there are enough K{alpha} photons created with a 300 J, 1-{omega}, 40 ps pulse laser from these small volume targets, and that the signal-to-noise ratio is sufficiently high, for single shot radiography experiments. This unique technique will be used on future high energy density (HED) experiments at the new Omega-EP, ZR and NIF facilities.

Park, H; Maddox, B R; Giraldez, E; Hatchett, S P; Hudson, L; Izumi, N; Key, M H; Pape, S L; MacKinnon, A J; MacPhee, A G; Patel, P K; Phillips, T W; Remington, B A; Seely, J F; Tommasini, R; Town, R; Workman, J

2008-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

145

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Kenya from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data intended for use in the Geospatial toolkit or with any GIS software. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the available geospatial toolkit data and metadata. Each country's data package depends on the data provided by the SWERA partners. ---------------------------------------------------------

146

Pre-feasibility power generation study for the Magadi Soda Company, Magadi, Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to: (a) review the extensive published and unpublished literature on the geochemistry, hydrology and geology of Lake Magadi, Kenya, and its associated hot springs; (b) based on this review of field visits, estimate the temperature in the geothermal reservoir beneath the lake; and (c) from this, develop a plan to determine the potential for the development of geothermal electric power at Lake Magadi. 6 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

Not Available

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Emerging forest regimes and livelihoods in the Tano Offin Forest Reserve, Ghana: Implications for social safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Greater attention for law enforcement resulting from new forest governance initiatives may make livelihoods of people living in or near protected areas in the tropics more vulnerable due to restricted access and competing claims. This paper aims to provide a deeper insight into the livelihoods of inhabitants of the Tano Offin Globally Significant Biodiversity Area (GSBA) in Ghana's high forest zone and how these are becoming under greater pressure. It assesses the governance implications of the implementation of the Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) under the Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan of the European Union and projects within the framework of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation plus (REDD+), with a focus on the need for social safeguards. The study shows that the inhabitants of admitted villages in \\{GSBAs\\} already have few legal livelihood options due to restricted access to the forest, which results in competing claims among resource users and with forest managers. Stronger law enforcement resulting from the FLEGT/VPA to combat illegal logging and the Ghana Forestry Commission's consideration to include \\{GSBAs\\} in its REDD+programme is likely to further restrict inhabitants' access to forest resources, with the result being increasing competition for scarce resources. Social safeguards therefore need serious consideration when implementing new forest governance regimes. The authors argue that the politics of protected areas need to reconsider the position of the inhabitants by creating space to build a livelihood, paying them for taking care of nature or relocating them beyond the protected area. This might involve hard choices. What eventually is needed is a change towards interactive governance and adaptive co-management.

Mercy Derkyi; Mirjam A.F. Ros-Tonen; Boateng Kyereh; Ton Dietz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

File:DIA Kenya 0906 lw (2).pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DIA Kenya 0906 lw (2).pdf DIA Kenya 0906 lw (2).pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:DIA Kenya 0906 lw (2).pdf Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,500 × 1,125 pixels, file size: 896 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 10 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 10:07, 21 September 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 10:07, 21 September 2012 1,500 × 1,125, 10 pages (896 KB) Gjones (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage The following page links to this file: Webinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low Emissions

149

Estimation of Parameterized Spatio-Temporal Dynamic Models Ke Xu and Christopher K. Wikle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimation of Parameterized Spatio-Temporal Dynamic Models Ke Xu and Christopher K. Wikle: Christopher K. Wikle, Department of Statistics, University of Missouri, 146 Math Science Building, Columbia

150

Origin of The 871-keV Gamma Ray and the "Oxide" Attribute  

SciTech Connect

This brief paper concludes our study of the origin of the 871-keV observed for many plutonium oxide samples.

Peurrung, Anthony J.; Arthur, Richard J.; Geelhood, Bruce D.; Scheele, Randall D.; Elovich, Robert J.; Pratt, Sharon L.

2000-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

151

A Resource Kit for Participatory Socio-technical Design in Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chiromo Campus, Nairobi, KE waema@uonbi.ac.ke Lynne Dunckley Institute for Information Technology, Thames-Nocera Institute for Information Technology, Thames Valley University. St. Marys Road ­ Ealing, London, UK Jose Oyugi Institute for Information Technology, Thames Valley University. St. Marys Road ­ Ealing, London

Subramanian, Sriram

152

Multipole mixtures of gamma-ray transitions depopulating the 1318-keV (2-) and 1518-keV (6+ or 7-) states in Yb174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An E1+E3 (?1.9%M2) multipole mixture has been observed for the 1242-keV (2- ? 2+) transition depopulating the J?, K=2-,2 octupole vibrational level at 1318 keV in Yb174 following the decay of Lu174 and Lum174. The internal-conversion cfficient for this transition and the ?-? directional correlation for the 1242-76.5-keV cascade have been remeasured, and the results yield the unique set of multipole mixing ratios ?1(M2E1)=0.050.09 and ?2(E3E1)=0.190.08 which correspond to a multipole admixture of E1(96.3-2.6+1.7%)+M2(0.2-0.2+1.7%)+E3(3.5-2.1+3.8%). The M2 multipolarity of the 1318-keV (2- ? 0+) transition was also verified from the measured internal-conversion coefficient. A multipole admixture of E3 (<27%M2) for the 1065-keV transition was deduced from available data, and the ratios of reduced transition probabilities for the transitions depopulating the 1318-keV level were calculated and compared with rotational-model predictions. Using the previously measured half-life of the 2- level, absolute transition probabilities and hindrance factors were obtained for these transitions, and B(E3) values were compared with theoretical microscopic model calculations. Partial correlation coefficients for the 992-keV transition depopulating the 1518-keV isomeric state were determined using the ?-? directional correlation data. Multipole admixtures consistent with the correlation data (and internal conversion data for the 7- case) are E2+(278%)M1 for the choice of 6+ and E1(687%)+M2(52%)+E3(277%) for the choice of 7- for the 1518-keV level. Using the reported half-life for that level, the hindrance factors were obtained for the K-forbidden transitions depopulating the level for each choice of spin assignment and these are compared with hindrance factors observed for known K-forbidden transitions.[RADIOACTIVITY Lu174 [from Yb174(d,2n)] measured I?, ??(?), I(ce); deduced J, ?, ICC, ? mixing, B(E3).

A. G. Schmidt; J. W. Mihelich; E. G. Funk

1974-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Measurement of the differential neutron-deuteron scattering cross section in the energy range from 100 keV to 600 keV using a proportional counter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The angular distribution of neutron-deuteron scattering was investigated using the proportional counter P2 simultaneously as scattering target and detector for the recoil deuterons. The measurements were carried out using monoenergetic neutrons in the energy range from 150 keV to 500 keV. Various techniques were employed to reduce distortions of the experimental pulse-height distribution by photon-induced events. The experimental data were compared with realistic simulations which were carried out using different evaluated data sets. This comparison allows to conclude on inconsistencies in the evaluations.

Nolte, R; Plompen, A; Rttger, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Titanium dioxide nanofiber-cotton targets for efficient multi-keV x-ray generation  

SciTech Connect

Multi-keV x-ray generation from low-density (27{+-}7 mg/cm{sup 3}) nanofiber-cotton targets composed of titanium dioxide has been investigated. The cotton targets were heated volumetrically and supersonically to a peak electron temperature of 2.3 keV, which is optimal to yield Ti K-shell x rays. Considerable enhancement of conversion efficiency [(3.7{+-}0.5)%] from incident laser energy into Ti K-shell x rays (4-6 keV band) was attained in comparison with that [(1.4{+-}0.9)%] for a planar Ti-foil target.

Tanabe, Minoru; Nishimura, Hiroaki; Fujioka, Shinsuke; Nagai, Keiji; Yamamoto, Norimasa; Mima, Kunioki [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, 2-6 Yamada-Oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Gu, Zhong-Ze; Pan, Chao [State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210096 (China); Girard, Frederic; Primout, Michel; Villette, Bruno; Brebion, Didier [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, DAM-Ile-de-France, Bruyeres-le-Chatel, 91297 Arpajon, Cedex (France); Fournier, Kevin B. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, L-473, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Fujishima, Akira [Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology, 3-2-1 Sakato, Takatsu-ku, Kawasaki 213-0012 (Japan)

2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

155

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2010 Kenya Water Well Drill Rig Redesign of Engine Drive Train System & Support Tower  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Engine Drive Train System & Support Tower Overview The team was presented with the task of redesigning the engine drive train system and support structure for a water drill rig to be used in Kenya. The original engine drive train system was fabricated by a professional machinist and had many intricate components

Demirel, Melik C.

156

The Impact of Variable Market Price on Optimal Control of Wind-Hydro Storage System in Kenya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Lake Turkana Wind Power Project (LTWP) in Northern Kenya is currently under development, scheduled to bring 300MW of wind generation online by the end of 2016. The economic issues raised by the structure of the Kenyan electricity market include a ... Keywords: Wind Power, Developing Countries, Electricity Pricing

Maureen Murage; Judith B. Cardell; June Lukuyu; C. Lindsay Anderson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Development and transfer of conservation agriculture production systems (CAPS) for small-holder farms in eastern Uganda and western Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-holder farms in eastern Uganda and western Kenya A proposal submitted to the SANREM CRSP Phase IV Long, Uganda Email: bashaasha@agric.mak.ac.ug Tel: (256) 414-543880 Fax: (256) 414-531641 Dannele Peck-766-3103 Fax: 307-766-3488 Rita Laker-Ojok, Director Appropriate Technology Uganda, Ltd. Plot 53A, Ntinda II

Norton, Jay B.

158

Water availability at farm household level a case study in the Nyando district in South-Western Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water availability at farm household level ­ a case study in the Nyando district in South of Crop Production Ecology Uppsala 2011 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences #12;2 Water: Women collecting water in a well, Onjiko, Kenya. Photo: Erika Näslund Keywords: Water availability

159

Sugarcane and agroforestry farming in western Kenya A comparative study of different farming systems in the Nyando district  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for food, fuel, timber, fibre and fresh water has increased in East Africa. Because of this, the high growth rate of the population and the economic dependence on agriculture, large areas in Kenya have been, 21 farms were visited for semi-structured interviews and topsoil samples were taken for bulk density

160

Titanium and germanium lined hohlraums and halfraums as multi-keV x-ray radiators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As multi-keV x-ray radiators hohlraums and halfraums with inner walls coated with metallic materials (called liner) have been tested for the first time with laser as the energy drive. For titanium conversion efficiencies (CEs) are up to ? 14 % for emission into 4 ? integrating between 4.6 and 6.5 keV when a large diameter hohlraum is used. Germanium CE is ? 0.8 % into 4 ? between 9 and 13 keV. The highest CEs have been obtained with a 1 ns squared pulse and phase plates giving laser absorption near 99%. These high CEs are due to long-lasting good plasma conditions for multi-keV x-ray production maintained by plasma confinement inside the plastic cylinder and plasma collision leading to a burst of x rays at a time that depends on target size. As photon emitters at 4.7 keV titanium-lined hohlraums are the most efficient solid targets and data are close to CEs for gas targets which are considered as the upper limit for x-ray yields since their low density allows good laser absorption and low kinetics losses. As 10.3 keV x-ray emitters exploded germanium foils give best results one order of magnitude more efficient than thick targets; doped aerogels and lined hohlraums give similar yields about three times lower than those from exploded foils.

F. Girard; M. Primout; B. Villette; Ph. Stemmler; L. Jacquet; D. Babonneau; K. B. Fournier

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Promising start, bleak outlook: The role of Ghana's modified taungya system as a social safeguard in timber legality processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Modified Taungya System (MTS) is a strategy employed by the Ghana Government to restore forest cover, address timber deficits and contribute to rural livelihoods. Under the scheme, farmers combine tree planting and maintenance with the cultivation of food crops until tree canopy closure. This paper aims to generate lessons from the MTS with respect to its role as a social safeguard against the likely adverse impacts of the implementation of the Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) between Ghana and the EU to combat illegal logging, using the six social safeguard dimensions identified by the IoI Project Team (2010). It addresses the question of what the major dimensions of social safeguards are and how the MTS does relate to these characteristics. Based on a survey of 146 MTS farmers and qualitative methods, results revealed that the MTS potentially meets several of the social safeguard mechanisms distinguished by the IoI Project Team (legal security for forest users, soft law enforcement by creating incentives for adaptation, benefit sharing, capacity building, alternative livelihoods/employment and expanding the resource base). The most promising of these is based on the expansion of areas with planted trees that will become available as legal timber in the future. However, the potential safeguards will only materialise if several institutional and management challenges are addressed.

Mirjam A.F. Ros-Tonen; Thomas F.G. Insaidoo; Emmanuel Acheampong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Origin of the 871-keV gamma ray and the ``oxide'' attribute  

SciTech Connect

This work concludes the investigation of the oxide attribute of current interest for the characterization of stored plutonium. Originally it was believed that the presence of oxide could be ascertained by measurement of the 871-keV line in a high-resolution gamma-ray spectrum. However, recent work has suggested that the 871-keV gamma ray in plutonium oxide arises from the reaction {sup 14}N({alpha},p){sup 17}O rather than the inelastic scattering reaction {sup 17}O({alpha},{alpha}{prime}){sup 17}O*. This conclusion, though initially surprising, was obtained during efforts to determine the relative importance of americium and plutonium alpha-particle decay for the production of the 871-keV gamma ray. Several questions were raised by previous experiments: What role, if any does {sup 17}O have in the generation of the 871-keV gamma ray? How does sufficient nitrogen come to be present in plutonium oxide? Under what conditions is the 871-keV gamma ray measurable in plutonium oxide? This paper describes the answers to these questions.

AJ Peurrung; RJ Arthur; BD Geelhood; RD Scheele; RJ Elovich; SL Pratt

2000-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

163

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

SciTech Connect

Flashlights that use LED technology have quickly emerged as the dominant source of portable lighting in Kenya. While flashlights do not normally provide a substitute for kerosene and other highly inefficient fuels, they are an important early manifestation of LED lighting in the developing world that can serve as a platform - or deterrent - to the diffusion of the technology into the broader off-grid lighting market. The lead acid batteries embedded in flashlights also represent an important source of hazardous waste, and flashlight durability is thus an important determinant of the rate of waste disposal. Low-cost LED flashlights with prices from $1 to $4 are now widely available in shops and markets throughout Kenya. The increased penetration of LED technology in the flashlight market is significant, as over half of all Kenyan households report owning a flashlight (Kamfor, 2002). While this shift from conventional incandescent technology to modern LEDs may appear to be a promising development, end users that our research team interviewed expressed a number of complaints about the quality and performance of these new flashlights. This raises concerns about the interests of low-income flashlight users, and it may also indicate the onset of a broader market spoiling effect for off-grid lighting products based on LED technology (Mills and Jacobson, 2008; Lighting Africa, 2007). The quality of low-cost LED flashlights can contribute to market spoiling because these products appear to represent the first contact that most Kenyans have with LED technology. In this report, our team uses interviews with 46 end users of flashlights to collect information about their experiences, perceptions, and preferences. We focus especially on highlighting common complaints from respondents about the flashlights that they have used, as well as on noting the features that they indicated were important when evaluating the quality of a flashlight. In previous laboratory tests, researchers from our team found a wide range of quality and performance among battery powered LED lights (Granderson, et al. 2008).

Tracy, Jenny; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2009-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

164

Ion and photon emission from keV cluster impacts on surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

molecular SF6tx- (8 keV) tuojectiles than for the same energy monoatomic Cs+ beam. Monoatomic Cs+ was used for comparison because Cs atomic weight is close to the molecular weight of SF6 - 133 amu for Cs+ and 146 amu for SF6. The difference in projectile... molecular SF6tx- (8 keV) tuojectiles than for the same energy monoatomic Cs+ beam. Monoatomic Cs+ was used for comparison because Cs atomic weight is close to the molecular weight of SF6 - 133 amu for Cs+ and 146 amu for SF6. The difference in projectile...

Yau, Alice Yau-Lic

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

165

John G. Hinchey Ke iko H. Hattori Magmatic mineralization and hydrothermal enrichment of the High Grade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARTICLE John G. Hinchey ? Ke´ iko H. Hattori Magmatic mineralization and hydrothermal enrichment; millerite + siegenite ± chalcopyrite ± pyrite co-existing with hornblende + plagioclase ± quartz ± carbonate, and pyrite ± chalcopyrite with chlorite + actinolite ± albite ± quartz ± carbonate. The ore is high in Pd

166

Carbon dioxide emissions, economic growth, industrial structure, and technical efficiency: Empirical evidence from Ghana, Senegal, and Morocco on the causal dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigated the short-run causal relationships and the long-run equilibrium relationships among carbon dioxide emissions, economic growth, technical efficiency, and industrial structure for three African countries. Using Bounds cointegration approach the result showed evidence of multiple long-run equilibrium relationships for Ghana and Senegal but a one-way long-run equilibrium relationship for Morocco. The result from the Toda and Yomamoto granger causality test showed a mix of bidirectional, unidirectional, and neutral relationships for all countries. Whilst in Senegal carbon dioxide emission was not found to be a limiting factor to economic growth; it was found to act as a limiting factor to economic growth in Morocco and Ghana. Lastly, the result from the variance decomposition analysis revealed that economic growth contributes largely to changes in future carbon dioxide emissions in Senegal and Morocco whilst in Ghana technical efficiency contributes largely to changes in future variations in carbon dioxide emissions. These results have important policy implications for these countries' energy efficiency systems.

Philip Kofi Adom; William Bekoe; Franklin Amuakwa-Mensah; Justice Tei Mensah; Ebo Botchway

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

A 3.55 keV Photon Line and its Morphology from a 3.55 keV ALP Line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Galaxy clusters can efficiently convert axion-like particles (ALPs) to photons. We propose that the recently claimed detection of a 3.55--3.57 keV line in the stacked spectra of a large number of galaxy clusters and the Andromeda galaxy may originate from the decay of either a scalar or fermionic $7.1$ keV dark matter species into an axion-like particle (ALP) of mass $m_{a} \\lesssim 6\\cdot 10^{-11}~{\\rm eV}$, which subsequently converts to a photon in the cluster magnetic field. In contrast to models in which the photon line arises directly from dark matter decay or annihilation, this can explain the anomalous line strength in the Perseus cluster. As axion-photon conversion scales as $B^2$ and cool core clusters have high central magnetic fields, this model can also explains the observed peaking of the line emission in the cool cores of the Perseus, Ophiuchus and Centaurus clusters, as opposed to the much larger dark matter halos. We describe distinctive predictions of this scenario for future observations.

Michele Cicoli; Joseph P. Conlon; M. C. David Marsh; Markus Rummel

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

168

Ke Zhai and Jordan Boyd-Graber. Online Topic Models with Infinite Vocabulary. International Conference on Machine Learning, 2013.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ke Zhai and Jordan Boyd-Graber. Online Topic Models with Infinite Vocabulary. International Conference on Machine Learning, 2013. @inproceedings{Zhai:Boyd-Graber-2013, Author = {Ke Zhai and Jordan Boyd@CS.UMD.EDU Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD USA Jordan Boyd-Graber JBG

Boyd-Graber, Jordan

169

Study of photon attenuation coefficients of some multielement materials. [123-1250 keV  

SciTech Connect

Total photon mass attenuation of six multielement shielding materials (concrete, plaster of paris, quick lime, black cement, white cement, and silica) is measured in the 123- to 1,250-keV energy range. The experimental results are analyzed in terms of cross sections, effective atomic numbers, and electron densities. Considerable sensitivity of the total mass attenuation coefficients and effective atomic numbers to variations in oxygen content are found in these multielement materials.

Bhandal, G.S. (N.J.S.A. Government Coll., Punjab (India)); Singh, K. (Guru Nanak Dev Univ., Amritsar (India). Dept. of Physics)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

HELIOSPHERIC NEUTRAL ATOM SPECTRA BETWEEN 0.01 AND 6 keV FROM IBEX  

SciTech Connect

Since 2008 December, the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) has been making detailed observations of neutrals from the boundaries of the heliosphere using two neutral atom cameras with overlapping energy ranges. The unexpected, yet defining feature discovered by IBEX is a Ribbon that extends over the energy range from about 0.2 to 6 keV. This Ribbon is superposed on a more uniform, globally distributed heliospheric neutral population. With some important exceptions, the focus of early IBEX studies has been on neutral atoms with energies greater than {approx}0.5 keV. With nearly three years of science observations, enough low-energy neutral atom measurements have been accumulated to extend IBEX observations to energies less than {approx}0.5 keV. Using the energy overlap of the sensors to identify and remove backgrounds, energy spectra over the entire IBEX energy range are produced. However, contributions by interstellar neutrals to the energy spectrum below 0.2 keV may not be completely removed. Compared with spectra at higher energies, neutral atom spectra at lower energies do not vary much from location to location in the sky, including in the direction of the IBEX Ribbon. Neutral fluxes are used to show that low energy ions contribute approximately the same thermal pressure as higher energy ions in the heliosheath. However, contributions to the dynamic pressure are very high unless there is, for example, turbulence in the heliosheath with fluctuations of the order of 50-100 km s{sup -1}.

Fuselier, S. A.; Ghielmetti, A. G.; Petrinec, S. M.; Trattner, K. J., E-mail: sfuselier@swri.edu, E-mail: fallegrini@swri.edu [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); and others

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

171

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: 12.5 keV Xray Microbeam Bystander  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

12.5 keV Xray Microbeam Bystander Studies With Human Mammary 12.5 keV Xray Microbeam Bystander Studies With Human Mammary Epithelial Cells and Fibroblasts Authors: E. A. Blakely1, R. I. Schwarz1, A. C. Thompson2, K. A. Bjornstad1, P. Y. Chang1,3 C.J. Rosen1, and D. Sudar1 Institutions: Divisions of 1Life Sciences and 2Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA. and 3SRI International, Menlo Park, CA. We are using a novel x-ray Microprobe Beamline at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at LBNL to investigate bystander effects of low doses in well characterized human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) and human skin fibroblasts (HSF). The ALS facility is capable of producing a beam of 12.5 keV x-rays with a focussed spot size of __m_ and a wide range of doses and dose-rates. Unlike normal x-ray sources, this beam has a very small background of either low-

172

Assessment of the KE Basin Sand Filter Inventory In Support of Hazard Categorization  

SciTech Connect

In 1978, the water cleaning system for the KE Basin was upgraded by adding a sand filter and ion exchange columns. Basin water containing finely divided solids is collected by three surface skimmers and pumped to the sand filter. Filtrate from the sand filter is further treated in the ion exchange modules. The suspended solids accumulate in the sand until the pressure drop across the filter reaches established operating limits, at which time the sand filter is backwashed. The backwash is collected in the NLOP, where the solids are allowed to settle as sludge. Figure 2-1 shows a basic piping and instrumentation diagram depicting the relationship among the basin skimmers, sand filter, and NLOP. During the course of deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) of the K-Basins, the sand filter and its media will need to be dispositioned. The isotopic distribution of the sludge in the sand filter has been estimated in KE Basin Sand Filter Monolith DQO (KBC-24705). This document estimates the sand filter contribution to the KE hazard categorization using the data from the DQO.

Ross, Steven B.; Young, Jonathan

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

173

Effective field theory and keV lines from dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We survey operators that can lead to a keV photon line from dark matter decay or annihilation. We are motivated in part by recent claims of an unexplained 3.5 keV line in galaxy clusters and in Andromeda, but our results could apply to any hypothetical line observed in this energy range. We find that given the amount of flux that is observable, explanations in terms of decay are more plausible than annihilation, at least if the annihilation is directly to Standard Model states rather than intermediate particles. The decay case can be explained by a scalar or pseudoscalar field coupling to photons suppressed by a scale not far below the reduced Planck mass, which can be taken as a tantalizing hint of high-scale physics. The scalar case is particularly interesting from the effective field theory viewpoint, and we discuss it at some length. Because of a quartically divergent mass correction, naturalness strongly suggests the theory should be cut off at or below the 1000 TeV scale. The most plausible such natural UV completion would involve supersymmetry. These bottom-up arguments reproduce expectations from top-down considerations of the physics of moduli. A keV line could also arise from the decay of a sterile neutrino, in which case a renormalizable UV completion exists and no direct inference about high-scale physics is possible.

Rebecca Krall; Matthew Reece; Thomas Roxlo

2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

174

GuangZhou ZhongKe HengYuan Energy Tenchnology Co Ltd ZKenergy | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GuangZhou ZhongKe HengYuan Energy Tenchnology Co Ltd ZKenergy GuangZhou ZhongKe HengYuan Energy Tenchnology Co Ltd ZKenergy Jump to: navigation, search Name GuangZhou ZhongKe HengYuan Energy Tenchnology Co Ltd (ZKenergy) Place Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China Zip 510640 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product A high-tech industrialization enterprise dedicated to research, development, manufacture and marketing of full-permanent magnetic levitation (Maglev) wind turbines and wind-solar power mutual supplementary generator system. Coordinates 23.107389°, 113.267616° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":23.107389,"lon":113.267616,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

175

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

SciTech Connect

Flashlight usage is widespread across much of sub-Saharan Africa.1 In Kenya in particular, over half of all households report owning a flashlight (Kamfor, 2002). Aside from household use, flashlights are also widely used to perform income-earning jobs in Kenya. Lumina Research Note No.4, the first report in this series documenting flashlight use in Kenya, highlights flashlight use patterns of night watchmen and bicycle taxi drivers. Both of these are occupations that rely on the use of flashlights on a nightly basis (Tracy et al., 2009). Also highlighted by Research Note No.4, flashlight users in Kenya have reported being highly dissatisfied with the quality of the low-cost LED flashlights that are available, and they identify several reoccurring problems they have faced as flashlight end-users (Tracy et al., 2009). The fact that there exists a substantial dependency upon flashlights in Kenya and that users are disgruntled with the available products suggests reasons for concern about flashlight quality. This concern is present despite two recent technological transitions in the flashlight market. First, LED technology has quickly emerged as the dominant source of portable lighting in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone et al., 2009). LED technology has the potential to provide efficiency and performance benefits relative to incandescent bulbs, and low-cost LEDs have achieved price levels that make them cost competitive with conventional lighting sources for a number of applications (Mills, 2005). Second, rechargeable sealed-lead acid (SLA) batteries are also becoming more prevalent alternatives to disposable dry cell batteries. Flashlights using rechargeable SLA batteries tend to have a lower total cost of ownership over a two-year period than a flashlight using dry cell batteries (Radecsky, 2009); however, as this current report highlights, this may vary depending on the intensity of use patterns. To avoid a potential market spoiling effect for off-grid lighting products based on LED technology (Mills and Jacobson, 2008; Lighting Africa, 2007) a better understanding of flashlight use-patterns is crucial (Tracy et al., 2009). In addition, the economic implications faced by rural flashlight end-users provide further incentive for a move toward higher quality low-cost flashlights. In this report, our team uses interviews with 46 end users of flashlights to collect information about their use patterns and costs associated with owning and operating flashlight products. While flashlights used in their portable mode typically do not represent a substitute for kerosene or other forms of fuel-based lighting, at times they are used in stationary applications in place of a fuel-based lamp. In either case, these products often represent end users first exposure to LED technology and rechargeable dry cell batteries, and thus stand to either provide a positive or negative impression of these technologies for a diversity of lighting applications.

Tracy, Jennifer; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

176

Estimate of genetic and phenotypic parameters for the Dorper, Red Masai and their crosses in Naivasha (OL'Magogo), Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the semiarid and arid regions. There are about 3. 9 million exotic wool and indigenous hair sheep in Kenya (FAO, 1978). Over two-thirds of this population is comprised of the indigenous hair sheep, mainly distributed in the arid areas. Sheep are important... because they can produce a variety of economically important products, e. g. , meat, skin, milk and wool. The FAO report (1978) quantified production of these products from sheep on a world supply basis. Africa produces about 651, 000 t of mutton...

Kiriro, Philip Macharia Muthami

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

177

Titanium-Dioxide Nano-Fiber-Cotton Targets for Efficient Multi-keV X-Ray Generation  

SciTech Connect

Multi-keV x-ray generation from low-density (27 {+-} 7 mg/cc) nano-fiber-cotton targets composed of titanium-dioxide has been investigated. The cotton targets were heated volumetrically and supersonically to a peak electron temperature of 2.3 keV, which is optimal to yield Ti K-shell x rays. Considerable enhancement of conversion efficiency (3.7 {+-} 0.5%) from incident laser energy into Ti K-shell x rays (4-6 keV band) was attained in comparison with that (1.4 {+-} 0.9%) for a planar Ti-foil target.

Tanabe, M; Nishimura, H; Fujioka, S; Nagai, K; Yamamoto, N; Gu, Z; Pan, C; Girard, F; Primout, M; Villette, B; Brebion, D; Fournier, K B; Fujishima, A; Mima, K

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

178

Attitudes and perceptions of urban households in sub-Saharan Africa on water sources, threats and sustainability: A study in Bondo, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, threats and sustainability: A study in Bondo, Kenya Daniel M Nzengya School of Sustainability, Arizona to clean water in Bondo township. 2. To describe what urban residents perceive as threats to households, during June 2011 to examine how attitudes and perceptions of urban residents on water sources, threats

Hall, Sharon J.

179

KenyaPri nce ton -columbia Progr a m i n troPi cal bi ology and SuStai nabi lit y  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

productivity, diversity, and eco- logical processes in the diverse farming systems of Kenya, which include highland and lowland, large and small-scale systems, monoculture ce- real crops, mixed farming with crops Biology and Sustainability which gives students the opportunity to study ecology, evolutionary biology

Tong, Liang

180

In this study I explore the relationship between modern energy and economically productive activities in rural Kenya. Research is based on surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

productive activities in rural Kenya. Research is based on surveys done in Mpeketoni Village in Summer 2005#12;ii Abstract In this study I explore the relationship between modern energy and economically bureaucracy for such small-scale mini- grids would make it possible for owners of diesel generators in rural

Kammen, Daniel M.

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181

Stratigraphy and rifting history of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic Anza rift, Kenya  

SciTech Connect

Lithological and compositional relationships, thicknesses, and palynological data from drilling cuttings from five wells in the Anza rift, Kenya, indicate active rifting during the Late Cretaceous and Eocene-Oligocene. The earlier rifting possibly started in the Santonian-Coniacian, primarily occurred in the Campanian, and probably extended into the Maastrichtian. Anza rift sedimentation was in lacustrine, lacustrine-deltaic, fluvial, and flood-basin environments. Inferred synrift intervals in wells are shalier, thicker, more compositionally immature, and more poorly sorted than Lower Cretaceous ( )-lower Upper Cretaceous and upper Oligocene( )-Miocene interrift deposits. Synrift sandstone is mostly feldspathic or arkosic wacke. Sandstone deposited in the Anza basin during nonrift periods is mostly quartz arenite, and is coarser and has a high proportion of probable fluvial deposits relative to other facies. Volcanic debris is absent in sedimentary strata older than Pliocene-Holocene, although small Cretaceous intrusions are present in the basin. Cretaceous sandstone is cemented in places by laumontite, possibly recording Campanian extension. Early Cretaceous history of the Anza basin is poorly known because of the limited strata sampled; Jurassic units were not reached. Cretaceous rifting in the Anza basin was synchronous with rifting in Sudan and with the breakup and separation of South America and Africa; these events likely were related. Eocene-Oligocene extension in the Anza basin reflects different stresses. The transition from active rifting to passive subsidence in the Anza basin at the end of the Neogene, in turn, records a reconfigured response of east African plates to stresses and is correlated with formation of the East Africa rift.

Winn, R.D. Jr.; Steinmetz, J.C. (Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States)); Kerekgyarto, W.L. (Marathon Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Radiative decay of keV-mass sterile neutrinos in a strongly magnetized plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The radiative decay of sterile neutrinos with typical masses of 10 keV is investigated in the presence of a strong magnetic field and degenerate plasma. Full account is taken of the strongly modified photon dispersion relation relative to vacuum. The limiting cases of relativistic and non-relativistic plasma are analyzed. The decay rate in a strongly magnetized plasma as a function of the electron number density is compared with the un-magnetized case. We find that a strong magnetic field suppresses the catalyzing influence of the plasma on the decay rate.

Dobrynina, Alexandra A; Raffelt, Georg G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Stopping Cross Sections of Some Hydrocarbon Gases for 40-200-keV Helium Ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stopping cross sections of air, CH4, C2H2, C2H4, C3H8, (CH2)3, and C3H6 have been measured for incident helium ions in the energy range 40 to 200 keV. The data are in good agreement with previous experiment work, and have standard deviations between 2 and 6%. They obey an energy dependence ?=?E12 in accord with the calculation of Lindhard and Scharff. It has been shown that while there is probably an effect due to chemical binding on the helium-ion stopping cross sections of hydrocarbons, this effect is small.

John T. Park

1965-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

184

Radiative decay of keV-mass sterile neutrinos in a strongly magnetized plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The radiative decay of sterile neutrinos with typical masses of 10 keV is investigated in the presence of a strong magnetic field and degenerate plasma. Full account is taken of the strongly modified photon dispersion relation relative to vacuum. The limiting cases of relativistic and non-relativistic plasma are analyzed. The decay rate in a strongly magnetized plasma as a function of the electron number density is compared with the un-magnetized case. We find that a strong magnetic field suppresses the catalyzing influence of the plasma on the decay rate.

Alexandra A. Dobrynina; Nicolay V. Mikheev; Georg G. Raffelt

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

185

Energy spectrum of pions and polarization of muons and electrons in the K?3 and Ke3 decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper two aspects of the K?3 and Ke3 decay are discussed: the energy density of final states and the longitudinal polarization of the muons and electrons. It is assumed that the ... theory of the neutrino...

S. W. McDowell

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Partial widths and gamma-ray decay of the 2883- and 5037-keV levels in Sc41  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proton and ?-ray decay widths for the 7/2+ resonance at 2883 keV excitation in Sc41 have been deduced from measurements of ??? and the (p,?) resonance strength. Our results are ??=0.0580.007 eV and ?p=0.0900.011 eV. Angular distributions measured for the 5037(92+)?2883 keV and 2883?0(72-) keV transitions confirm the J=72 assignment for the 2883-keV level. The linear polarization was measured for the 2883?0 keV transition and confirms the positive parity assignment. In addition, the (p,?) strength for the 5037-keV level was measured, and our strength results for both resonances are lower than those of Youngblood, Wildenthal, and Class by a factor of 1.4.[NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ca40(p,?), Ep=1.84,4.05 MeV; measured ?(E?,?), Q, P(90?), resonance strengths, I?. Sc41 deduced levels, J?, ??, ?p, CSp2. Enriched target.

R. L. Kozub; B. E. Cooke; J. R. Leslie; B. C. Robertson

1977-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

EMISSION LINES BETWEEN 1 AND 2 keV IN COMETARY X-RAY SPECTRA  

SciTech Connect

We present the detection of new cometary X-ray emission lines in the 1.0-2.0 keV range using a sample of comets observed with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory and ACIS spectrometer. We have selected five comets from the Chandra sample with good signal-to-noise spectra. The surveyed comets are C/1999 S4 (LINEAR), C/1999 T1 (McNaught-Hartley), 153P/2002 (Ikeya-Zhang), 2P/2003 (Encke), and C/2008 8P (Tuttle). We modeled the spectra with an extended version of our solar wind charge exchange (SWCX) emission model. Above 1 keV, we find Ikeya-Zhang to have strong emission lines at 1340 and 1850 eV which we identify as being created by SWCX lines of Mg XI and Si XIII, respectively, and weaker emission lines at 1470, 1600, and 1950 eV formed by SWCX of Mg XII, Mg XI, and Si XIV, respectively. The Mg XI and XII and Si XIII and XIV lines are detected at a significant level for the other comets in our sample (LS4, MH, Encke, 8P), and these lines promise additional diagnostics to be included in SWCX models. The silicon lines in the 1700-2000 eV range are detected for all comets, but with the rising background and decreasing cometary emission, we caution that these detections need further confirmation with higher resolution instruments.

Ewing, Ian; Christian, Damian J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University, 18111 Nordhoff Street, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University, 18111 Nordhoff Street, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States); Bodewits, Dennis [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Dennerl, Konrad [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, D-85741 Garching Germany (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, D-85741 Garching Germany (Germany); Lisse, Carey M. [Planetary Exploration Group, Space Department, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Rd, Laurel, MD 20723 (United States)] [Planetary Exploration Group, Space Department, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Rd, Laurel, MD 20723 (United States); Wolk, Scott J., E-mail: ian.ewing.794@my.csun.edu, E-mail: daman.christian@csun.edu [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

188

Effective field theory and keV lines from dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We survey operators that can lead to a keV photon line from dark matter decay or annihilation. We are motivated in part by recent claims of an unexplained 3.5 keV line in galaxy clusters and in Andromeda, but our results could apply to any hypothetical line observed in this energy range. We find that given the amount of flux that is observable, explanations in terms of decay are more plausible than annihilation, at least if the annihilation is directly to Standard Model states rather than intermediate particles. The decay case can be explained by a scalar or pseudoscalar field coupling to photons suppressed by a scale not far below the reduced Planck mass, which can be taken as a tantalizing hint of high-scale physics. The scalar case is particularly interesting from the effective field theory viewpoint, and we discuss it at some length. Because of a quartically divergent mass correction, naturalness strongly suggests the theory should be cut off at or below the 1000 TeV scale. The most plausible such natural...

Krall, Rebecca; Roxlo, Thomas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

2014 EAUMP ARUSHA SUMMER SCHOOL ON REPRESENTATION THEORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rugeihyamu (Chair of LOC), Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania David Stern, Maseno, Kenya; AIMS-Ghana Balazs Szendroi, Oxford, UK CONTACT Dr. Sylvester E. Rugeihyamu, University of Dar es Salaam, Phone: +255 713775365

Uppsala Universitet

190

New records of the Cryphonectriaceae from southern Africa including Latruncellus aurorae gen. sp. nov.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Congo (Hodges et al. 1986), and Ghana (Roux and Apetorgbor 2009), while Chr. deuterocubensis is known from Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique (Nakabonge et al. 2006b) and Republic of Congo (Roux et al. 2003

191

Governing Climate Change Post-2012: The Role of Global Cities -Melbourne  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

science and policy Renewable energy Resource conservation Sustainable agriculture Sustainable developmentRyan Corey `12 Electrical Engineering Ryan created a more energy efficient mid- infrared LED from China Ecuador Ethiopia Finland France Ghana India Italy Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Mexico

Watson, Andrew

192

Perspective of Systems Engineering Jing Ke, Lynn Price, Michael McNeil, Nina Zheng Khanna, Nan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Practices of Energy and Practices of Energy Benchmarking for Industry from the Perspective of Systems Engineering Jing Ke, Lynn Price, Michael McNeil, Nina Zheng Khanna, Nan Zhou Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Reprint version of journal article published in "Energy", Volume 54, Pages 32-44, June 2013 March 2013 This work was supported by the China Sustainable Energy Program of the Energy Foundation through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY LBNL-6328E Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While

193

Nan Zhou, David Fridley, Michael McNeil, Nina Khanna, Wei Feng and Jing Ke  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantifying the potential impact Quantifying the potential impact of energy efficiency and low carbon policies for China Nan Zhou, David Fridley, Michael McNeil, Nina Khanna, Wei Feng and Jing Ke China Energy Group Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Pre-print version of proceedings of the European Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy's 2013 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency, held in Toulon, France, June 3 - 8, 2013 March 2013 This work was supported by the China Sustainable Energy Program of the Energy Foundation through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY LBNL-6161E Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While

194

David Fridley, Nina Zheng, Nan Zhou, Jing Ke, Ali Hasanbeigi, Bill  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

China Energy and China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030 David Fridley, Nina Zheng, Nan Zhou, Jing Ke, Ali Hasanbeigi, Bill Morrow, and Lynn Price China Energy Group, Energy Analysis Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory January 2011 This work was supported by the Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth, Kyoto, Japan, through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE- AC02-05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the

195

Ion Source Development For The Proposed FNAL 750 keV Injector Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

Currently there is a Proposed FNAL 750 keV Injector Upgrade for the replacement of the 40 year old Fermi National Laboratory (FNAL) Cockcroft-Walton accelerators with a new ion source and 200 MHz Radio Frequency Quadruple (RFQ). The slit type magnetron being used now will be replaced with a round aperture magnetron similar to the one used at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL). Operational experience from BNL has shown that this type of source is more reliable with a longer lifetime due to better power efficiency. The current source development effort is to produce a reliable source with >60 mA of H{sup -} beam current, 15 Hz rep-rate, 100 {mu}s pulse width, and a duty factor of 0.15%. The source will be based on the BNL design along with development done at FNAL for the High Intensity Neutrino Source (HINS).

Bollinger, D. S. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Box 500, Batavia, IL 60543 (United States)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

196

Student research with 400keV beams: {sup 13}N radioisotope production target development  

SciTech Connect

The AN400 Van de Graaff accelerator at the Minnesota State University, Mankato, Applied Nuclear Science Lab has demonstrated utility as an accessible and versatile platform for student research. Despite the limits of low energy, the research team successfully developed projects with applications to the wider radioisotope production community. A target system has been developed for producing and extracting {sup 13}N by the {sup 12}C(d,n){sup 13}N reaction below 400keV. The system is both reusable and robust, with future applications to higher energy machines producing this important radioisotope for physiological imaging studies with Positron Emission Tomography. Up to 36({+-}1)% of the {sup 13}N was extracted from the graphite matrix when 35 A current was externally applied to the graphite target while simultaneously flushing the target chamber with CO{sub 2} gas.

Fru, L. Che; Clymer, J.; Compton, N.; Cotter, J.; Dam, H.; Lesko, Z.; Pautzke, J.; Prokop, C.; Swanson, L.; Roberts, A. D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Minnesota State University, Trafton Science Center N141, Mankato MN 56001 (United States)

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

197

Photoeffect cross sections of several rare-earth elements for 323-keV photons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Total-attenuation cross sections of the oxides of rare-earth elements such as La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, and Er, and also NaNO3 and NaNO2 have been measured in a narrow-beam geometry setup at 323 keV. The total-attenuation cross section for oxygen was obtained as the difference in NaNO3 and NaNO2 cross sections. Using this, the total-attenuation cross sections of the individual lanthanides have been obtained with the aid of the mixture rule. From these, the photoeffect cross sections were derived by subtracting the scattering contribution. These values are found to agree well with Scofields theoretical data [University of California Report No. UCRL 51326, 1973 (unpublished)].

T. K. Umesh, S. J. Anasuya, J. Shylaja Kumari, Channe Gowda, K. P. Gopinathan Nair, and Ramakrishna Gowda

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

QUIET-TIME INTERPLANETARY {approx}2-20 keV SUPERHALO ELECTRONS AT SOLAR MINIMUM  

SciTech Connect

We present a statistical survey of {approx}2-20 keV superhalo electrons in the solar wind measured by the SupraThermal Electron instrument on board the two STEREO spacecraft during quiet-time periods from 2007 March through 2009 March at solar minimum. The observed superhalo electrons have a nearly isotropic angular distribution and a power-law spectrum, f{proportional_to}v{sup -{gamma}}, with {gamma} ranging from 5 to 8.7, with nearly half between 6.5 and 7.5, and an average index of 6.69 {+-} 0.90. The observed power-law spectrum varies significantly on a spatial scale of {approx}>0.1 AU and a temporal scale of {approx}>several days. The integrated density of quiet-time superhalo electrons at 2-20 keV ranges from {approx}10{sup -8} cm{sup -3} to 10{sup -6} cm{sup -3}, about 10{sup -9}-10{sup -6} of the solar wind density, and, as well as the power-law spectrum, shows no correlation with solar wind proton density, velocity, or temperature. The density of superhalo electrons appears to show a solar-cycle variation at solar minimum, while the power-law spectral index {gamma} has no solar-cycle variation. These quiet-time superhalo electrons are present even in the absence of any solar activity-e.g., active regions, flares or microflares, type III radio bursts, etc.-suggesting that they may be accelerated by processes such as resonant wave-particle interactions in the interplanetary medium, or possibly by nonthermal processes related to the acceleration of the solar wind such as nanoflares, or by acceleration at the CIR forward shocks.

Wang, Linghua [Department of Geophysics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China); Lin, Robert P.; Salem, Chadi; Pulupa, Marc; Larson, Davin E.; Luhmann, Janet G. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Yoon, Peter H., E-mail: wanglhwang@gmail.com [School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Influence of browse availability on goat diets in an Acacia senagal savannah of South-Central Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sp. Commiphor a africana C. riparia Dannea floccosa L. SP. Total tree canopy SHRUBS 5. 3 c' 0. 4 b 0. 8 ns2 0 ns 0. 2 ns 0 ns O. l ns 0. 1 ns 6. 9 c 15. 2 b 3. 8 a 2. 0 0 0. 6 0 0 0. 4 22. 0 b 28. 3 a 1. 8 ab 2. 0 0. 1 2... 5 p 7 ~o&bp sa NRRS Headquarters cottle o Boma'43 o s"eep 8 goats Bomp +3 cattle/ sheep 8 goats sheep 8 goats Boma 42 0 Bom its 2 omp o sheep 8 goats Boma 4'4 STUDY SITE Nptipnal Rpnge Research Station (NRRS) Kiboko, Kenya 1 Boma...

Kamau, Peter Njenga

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya  

SciTech Connect

superior lighting services to low income people in off-grid areas of developing countries, many of whom currently rely on fuel based lighting sources such as kerosene. If this potential is to be achieved in the near term, however, manufacturers must produce off-grid lighting products that are inexpensive, perform well, and meet the needs of potential end users. At present, relatively few products meet all three of these goals. In this article, we report results from a detailed study of lighting use by micro-enterprises in two small towns in Kenya's Rift Valley Province. The work included a survey about lighting use by 50 small businesses, careful measurements of kerosene lighting use patterns and associated costs for 23 of these businesses, and a subsequent field trial in which 14 of the 23 businesses purchased and used low cost LED lamps over a number of months.

Radecsky, Kristen; Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2008-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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201

Isotopic Mo Neutron Total Cross Section Measurements in the Energy Range 1 to 620 keV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A series of new total cross section measurements for the stable molybdenum isotopes of 92,94,95,96,98,100Mo covering the energy range between 1 keV and 620 keV was performed at the Gaerttner LINAC Center at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. New high-accuracy resonance parameters were extracted from an analysis of the data using the multilevel R-matrix Bayesian code SAMMY. In the unresolved resonance region, average resonance parameters and fits to the total cross sections were obtained using the Bayesian Hauser-Feshbach statistical model code FITACS.

R. Bahran; D. Barry; G. Leinweber; M. Rapp; R. Block; A. Daskalakis; B. McDermott; S. Piela; E. Blain; Y. Danon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Plasma focus based flash hard X-ray source in the 100 keV region with reproducible spectrum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A pulsed hard X-ray source with shot to shot reproducible spectrum, based on a 4.7 kJ small-chamber Mather-type plasma focus device, is presented. The hard X-ray output spectrum was measured in a single shot basis by differential absorption on metallic plates. The measured spectra have a single dominant peak around 75 keV and a spectral bandwidth covering the 40150 keV range. A hard X-ray dose of ( 53 3 ) ?Gy per shot was measured on axis at 53 cm from the source, and found to be uniform within a half aperture angle of 6.

V. Raspa; P. Knoblauch; F. Di Lorenzo; C. Moreno

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Perceptions of malaria and acceptance of rapid diagnostic tests and related treatment practises among community members and health care providers in Greater Garissa, North Eastern Province, Kenya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive qualitative assessment of perceptions of malaria and RDTs in a rural area of Kenya using data acquired from focused discussion groups and in-depth interviews with a range of participants ranging from community members with a fever to professional health care workers. The results are important for the future practice and delivery of services such as those provided by the Kenyan government and the MENTOR initiative.

Emma Diggle; Ramin Asgary; Georgia Gore-Langton; Erupe Nahashon; James Mungai; Rebecca Harrison; Abdullahi Abagira; Katie Eves; Zoya Grigoryan; David Soti; Elizabeth Juma; Richard Allan

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

204

On the keV sterile neutrino search in electron capture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A joint effort of cryogenic microcalorimetry (CM) and high-precision Penning-trap mass spectrometry (PT-MS) in investigating atomic orbital electron capture (EC) can shed light on the possible existence of heavy sterile neutrinos with masses from 0.5 to 100 keV. Sterile neutrinos are expected to perturb the shape of the atomic de-excitation spectrum measured by CM after a capture of the atomic orbital electrons by a nucleus. This effect should be observable in the ratios of the capture probabilities from different orbits. The sensitivity of the ratio values to the contribution of sterile neutrinos strongly depends on how accurately the mass difference between the parent and the daughter nuclides of EC-transitions can be measured by, e.g., PT-MS. A comparison of such probability ratios in different isotopes of a certain chemical element allows one to exclude many systematic uncertainties and thus could make feasible a determination of the contribution of sterile neutrinos on a level below 1%. Several electron capture transitions suitable for such measurements are discussed.

P. E. Filianin; K. Blaum; S. A. Eliseev; L. Gastaldo; Yu. N. Novikov; V. M. Shabaev; I. I. Tupitsyn; J. Vergados

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

205

Nonabelian dark matter models for 3.5 keV X-rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recent analysis of XXM-Newton data reveals the possible presence of an X-ray line at approximately 3.55 keV, which is not readily explained by known atomic transitions. Numerous models of eV-scale decaying dark matter have been proposed to explain this signal. Here we explore models of multicomponent nonabelian dark matter with typical mass ~ 1-10 GeV (higher values being allowed in some models) and eV-scale splittings that arise naturally from the breaking of the nonabelian gauge symmetry. Kinetic mixing between the photon and the hidden sector gauge bosons can occur through a dimension-5 or 6 operator. Radiative decays of the excited states proceed through transition magnetic moments that appear at one loop. The decaying excited states can either be primordial or else produced by upscattering of the lighter dark matter states. These models are significantly constrained by direct dark matter searches or cosmic microwave background distortions, and are potentially testable in fixed target experiments that s...

Cline, James M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Intense emission of cluster anions from gold targets under impact of keV/u gold clusters.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intense emission of cluster anions from gold targets under impact of keV/u gold clusters. M the emission yield of anionic clusters increases much faster with n than expected from simple proportionality. Accordingly, the most intense emission is observed for Au7 - : under Au9 + impact the Au7 - yield per incident

Boyer, Edmond

207

Development of a modular CdTe detector plane for gamma-ray burst detection below 100 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the development of an innovative CdTe detector plane (DPIX) optimized for the detection and localization of gamma-ray bursts in the X-ray band (below 100 keV). DPIX is part of an R&D program funded by the French Space Agency (CNES). DPIX builds upon the heritage of the ISGRI instrument, currently operating with great success on the ESA INTEGRAL mission. DPIX is an assembly of 200 elementary modules (XRDPIX) equipped with 32 CdTe Schottky detectors (4x4 mm2, 1 mm thickness) produced by ACRORAD Co. LTD. in Japan. These detectors offer good energy response up to 100 keV. Each XRDPIX is readout by the very low noise front-end electronics chip IDeF-X, currently under development at CEA/DSM/DAPNIA. In this paper, we describe the design of XRDPIX, the main features of the IDeF-X chip, and will present preliminary results of the reading out of one CdTe Schottky detector by the IDeF-X V1.0 chip. A low-energy threshold around 2.7 keV has been measured. This is to be compared with the 12-15 keV threshol...

Ehanno, M; Barret, D; Lacombe, K; Pons, R; Rouaix, G; Gevin, O; Limousin, O; Lugiez, F; Bardoux, A; Penquer, A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Development of a modular CdTe detector plane for gamma-ray burst detection below 100 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the development of an innovative CdTe detector plane (DPIX) optimized for the detection and localization of gamma-ray bursts in the X-ray band (below 100 keV). DPIX is part of an R&D program funded by the French Space Agency (CNES). DPIX builds upon the heritage of the ISGRI instrument, currently operating with great success on the ESA INTEGRAL mission. DPIX is an assembly of 200 elementary modules (XRDPIX) equipped with 32 CdTe Schottky detectors (4x4 mm2, 1 mm thickness) produced by ACRORAD Co. LTD. in Japan. These detectors offer good energy response up to 100 keV. Each XRDPIX is readout by the very low noise front-end electronics chip IDeF-X, currently under development at CEA/DSM/DAPNIA. In this paper, we describe the design of XRDPIX, the main features of the IDeF-X chip, and will present preliminary results of the reading out of one CdTe Schottky detector by the IDeF-X V1.0 chip. A low-energy threshold around 2.7 keV has been measured. This is to be compared with the 12-15 keV threshold of the ISGRI-INTEGRAL and BAT-SWIFT instruments, which both use similar detector material.

M. Ehanno; C. Amoros; D. Barret; K. Lacombe; R. Pons; G. Rouaix; O. Gevin; O. Limousin; F. Lugiez; A. Bardoux; A. Penquer

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Observational consistency and future predictions for a 3.5 keV ALP to photon line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by the possibility of explaining the 3.5 keV line through dark matter decaying to axion-like particles that subsequently convert to photons, we study ALP-photon conversion for sightlines passing within 50 pc of the galactic centre. Conversion depends on the galactic centre magnetic field which is highly uncertain. For fields at low or mid-range of observational estimates (10--100 $\\mu$G), no observable signal is possible. For fields at the high range of observational estimates (a pervasive poloidal mG field over the central 150 pc) it is possible to generate sufficient signal to explain recent observations of a 3.5 keV line in the galactic centre. In this scenario, the galactic centre line signal comes predominantly from the region with $z > 20$ pc, reconciling the results from the Chandra and XMM-Newton X-ray telescopes. The dark matter to ALP to photon scenario also naturally predicts the non-observation of the 3.5 keV line in stacked galaxy spectra. We further explore predictions for the line flux in galaxies and suggest a set of galaxies that is optimised for observing the 3.5 keV line in this model.

Pedro D. Alvarez; Joseph P. Conlon; Francesca V. Day; M. C. David Marsh; Markus Rummel

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

210

3.55 keV photon lines from axion to photon conversion in the Milky Way and M31  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We further explore a scenario in which the recently observed 3.55 keV photon line arises from dark matter decay to an axion-like particle (ALP) of energy 3.55 keV, which then converts to a photon in astrophysical magnetic fields. This ALP scenario is well-motivated by the observed morphology of the 3.55 keV flux. For this scenario we study the expected flux from dark matter decay in the galactic halos of both the Milky Way and Andromeda (M31). The Milky Way magnetic field is asymmetric about the galactic centre, and so the resulting 3.55 keV flux morphology differs significantly from the case of direct dark matter decay to photons. However the Milky Way magnetic field is not large enough to generate an observable signal, even with ASTRO-H. In contrast, M31 has optimal conditions for ALP to photon conversion and the intrinsic signal from M31 becomes two orders of magnitude larger than for the Milky Way, comparable to that from clusters and consistent with observations.

Joseph P. Conlon; Francesca V. Day

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

211

Production of a keV X-Ray Beam from Synchrotron Radiation in Relativistic Laser-Plasma Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production of a keV X-Ray Beam from Synchrotron Radiation in Relativistic Laser-Plasma Interaction demonstrate that a beam of x-ray radiation can be generated by simply focusing a single high- intensity laser spectral range) [6]. Laser-driven K x-ray sources [7­9] radiate subnanometer wavelength radiation

Umstadter, Donald

212

First limits on the 3-200 keV X-ray spectrum of the quiet Sun using RHESSI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first results using the Reuven Ramaty High-Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager, RHESSI, to observe solar X-ray emission not associated with active regions, sunspots or flares (the quiet Sun). Using a newly developed chopping technique (fan-beam modulation) during seven periods of offpointing between June 2005 to October 2006, we obtained upper limits over 3-200 keV for the quietest times when the GOES12 1-8A flux fell below $10^{-8}$ Wm$^{-2}$. These values are smaller than previous limits in the 17-120 keV range and extend them to both lower and higher energies. The limit in 3-6 keV is consistent with a coronal temperature $\\leq 6$ MK. For quiet Sun periods when the GOES12 1-8A background flux was between $10^{-8}$ Wm$^{-2}$ and $10^{-7}$ Wm$^{-2}$, the RHESSI 3-6 keV flux correlates to this as a power-law, with an index of $1.08 \\pm 0.13$. The power-law correlation for microflares has a steeper index of $1.29 \\pm 0.06$. We also discuss the possibility of observing quiet Sun X-rays due to solar axions and use the RHESSI quiet Sun limits to estimate the axion-to-photon coupling constant for two different axion emission scenarios.

Iain G. Hannah; G. J Hurford; H. S. Hudson; R. P. Lin; K. van Bibber

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

213

The INTEGRAL/SPI 511 keV Signal from Hidden Valleys  

SciTech Connect

We examine under what circumstances the INTEGRAL/SPI 511 keV signal can originate from decays of MeV-scale composite states produced by: (A) thermonuclear (type Ia) or (B) core collapse supernovae (SNe). The requisite dynamical properties that would account for the observed data are quite distinct, for cases (A) and (B). We determine these requirements in simple hidden valley models, where the escape fraction problem is naturally addressed, due to the long lifetime of the new composite states. A novel feature of scenario (A) is that the dynamics of type Ia SNe, standard candles for cosmological measurements, might be affected by our mechanism. In case (A), the mass of the state mediating between the hidden sector and the SM e{sup +}e{sup -} could be a few hundred GeV and within the reach of a 500GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider. We also note that kinetic mixing of the photon with a light vector state may provide an interesting alternate mediation mechanism in this case. Scenarios based on case (B) are challenged by the need for a mechanism to transport some of the produced positrons toward the Galactic bulge, due to the inferred distribution of core collapse sources. The mass of the mediator in case (B) is typically hundreds of TeV, leading to long-lived particles that could, under certain circumstances, include a viable dark matter candidate. The appearance of long-lived particles in typical models leads to cosmological constraints and we address how a consistent cosmic history may be achieved.

Davoudiasl, H.; Perez, G.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Resolving the 1040 keV cosmic X-ray background with constellation-X  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy density of the Cosmic X-ray background (XRB) peaks around 30 keV (see Figure 1) an energy not yet probed by focussing imaging instruments. The first hard X-ray telescope due to fly on a space mission will be that on board Constellation-X. The imaging capability besides providing an improvement of several orders of magnitude in sensitivity over current passively collimated detectors will permit for the first time to resolve a fraction of the XRB at this most crucial energy. Synthesis models of the XRB based on obscured AGN predict that at least 40% of the 1040 keV XRB will be resolved by Constellation-X.

Giorgio Matt; Fulvio Pompilio; Fabio La Franca

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

First measurement of the 14N(p,gamma)15O cross section down to 70 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In stars with temperatures above 20*10^6 K, hydrogen burning is dominated by the CNO cycle. Its rate is determined by the slowest process, the 14N(p,gamma)15O reaction. Deep underground in Italy's Gran Sasso laboratory, at the LUNA 400 kV accelerator, the cross section of this reaction has been measured at energies much lower than ever achieved before. Using a windowless gas target and a 4pi BGO summing detector, direct cross section data has been obtained down to 70 keV, reaching a value of 0.24 picobarn. The Gamow peak has been covered by experimental data for several scenarios of stable and explosive hydrogen burning. In addition, the strength of the 259 keV resonance has been remeasured. The thermonuclear reaction rate has been calculated for temperatures 90 - 300 *10^6 K, for the first time with negligible impact from extrapolations.

A. Lemut; D. Bemmerer; F. Confortola; R. Bonetti; C. Broggini; P. Corvisiero; H. Costantini; J. Cruz; A. Formicola; Zs. Fulop; G. Gervino; A. Guglielmetti; C. Gustavino; Gy. Gyurky; G. Imbriani; A. P. Jesus; M. Junker; B. Limata; R. Menegazzo; P. Prati; V. Roca; D. Rogalla; C. Rolfs; M. Romano; C. Rossi Alvarez; F. Schumann; E. Somorjai; O. Straniero; F. Strieder; F. Terrasi; H. P. Trautvetter

2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

216

Resolving the 10-40 keV Cosmic X-ray Background with Constellation-X  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy density of the Cosmic X-ray background (XRB) peaks around 30 keV (see Figure 1), an energy not yet probed by focussing imaging instruments. The first hard X-ray telescope due to fly on a space mission will be that on board Constellation-X. The imaging capability, besides providing an improvement of several orders of magnitude in sensitivity over current passively collimated detectors, will permit for the first time to resolve a fraction of the XRB at this most crucial energy. Synthesis models of the XRB based on obscured AGN predict that at least 40% of the 10-40 keV XRB will be resolved by Constellation-X.

Giorgio Matt; Fulvio Pompilio; Fabio La Franca

2000-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

217

TIME-RESOLVED 1-10 keV CRYSTAL SPECTROMETER FOR THE Z MACHINE AT SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES  

SciTech Connect

We have designed, fabricated, calibrated, and fielded a fast, time-resolved 1-10 keV crystal spectrometer to observe the evolution of wire pinch spectra at the Z machine at Sandia National Laboratories. The instrument has two convex cylindrical crystals (PET and KAP). Both crystals Bragg reflect x-rays into an array of ten silicon diodes, providing continuous spectral coverage in twenty channels from 1.0 to 10 keV. The spectral response of the instrument has been calibrated from 1.0 to 6.3 keV at beamline X8A at the National Synchrotron Light Source. The time response of the 1-mm2 silicon detectors was measured with the Pulsed X-ray Source at Bechtel Nevada's Los Alamos Operations, where 2-nanosecond full-width half-maximum (FWHM) waveforms with 700-picosecond rise times typically were observed. The spectrometer has been fielded recently on several experimental runs at the Z Machine. In this paper, we present the time-resolved spectra resulting from the implosions of double-nested tungsten wire arrays onto 5-mm diameter foam cylinders. We also show the results obtained for a double-nested stainless steel wire array with no target cylinder. The spectrometer was located at the end of a 7.1-meter beamline on line-of sight (LOS)21/22, at an angle 12{sup o} above the equatorial plane, and was protected from the debris field by a customized dual-slit fast valve. The soft detector channels below 2.0 keV recorded large signals at pinch time coinciding with signals recorded on vacuum x-ray diodes (XRDs). On experiment Z993, the spectrometer channels recorded a second pulse with a hard x-ray emission spectrum several nanoseconds after pinch time.

D. V. Morgan; S. Gardner; R. Liljestrand; M. Madlener; S. Slavin; M. Wu

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

New Observations of the Solar 0.5-5 keV Soft X-ray Spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar corona is orders of magnitude hotter than the underlying photosphere, but how the corona attains such high temperatures is still not understood. Soft X-ray (SXR) emission provides important diagnostics for thermal processes in the high-temperature corona, and is also an important driver of ionospheric dynamics at Earth. There is a crucial observational gap between ~0.2 and ~4 keV, outside the ranges of existing spectrometers. We present observations from a new SXR spectrometer, the Amptek X123-SDD, which measured the spatially-integrated solar spectral irradiance from ~0.5 to ~5 keV, with ~0.15 keV FWHM resolution, during sounding rocket flights on 2012 June 23 and 2013 October 21. These measurements show that the highly variable SXR emission is orders of magnitude greater than that during the deep minimum of 2009, even with only weak activity. The observed spectra show significant high-temperature (5-10 MK) emission and are well fit by simple power-law temperature distributions with indices of ~6, ...

Caspi, Amir; Warren, Harry P

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

GALAXY CLUSTERS IN THE SWIFT/BAT ERA. II. 10 MORE CLUSTERS DETECTED ABOVE 15 keV  

SciTech Connect

We report on the discovery of 10 additional galaxy clusters detected in the ongoing Swift/Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) all-sky survey. Among the newly BAT-discovered clusters there are Bullet, A85, Norma, and PKS 0745-19. Norma is the only cluster, among those presented here, which is resolved by BAT. For all the clusters, we perform a detailed spectral analysis using XMM-Newton and Swift/BAT data to investigate the presence of a hard (non-thermal) X-ray excess. We find that in most cases the clusters' emission in the 0.3-200 keV band can be explained by a multi-temperature thermal model confirming our previous results. For two clusters (Bullet and A3667), we find evidence for the presence of a hard X-ray excess. In the case of the Bullet cluster, our analysis confirms the presence of a non-thermal, power-law-like, component with a 20-100 keV flux of 3.4 x 10{sup -12} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} as detected in previous studies. For A3667, the excess emission can be successfully modeled as a hot component (kT {approx} 13 keV). We thus conclude that the hard X-ray emission from galaxy clusters (except the Bullet) has most likely a thermal origin.

Ajello, M.; Reimer, O. [SLAC National Laboratory and Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Rebusco, P. [Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Cappelluti, N.; Boehringer, H. [Max Planck Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, P.O. Box 1603, 85740, Garching (Germany); La Parola, V.; Cusumano, G., E-mail: majello@slac.stanford.ed [INAF, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Palermo, via U. La Malfa 153, 90146 Palermo (Italy)

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

220

Measurement of the ionization yield of nuclear recoils in liquid argon at 80 and 233 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy calibration of nuclear recoil detectors is of primary importance to rare-event experiments such as those of direct dark matter search and coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering. In particular, such a calibration is performed by measuring the ionization yield of nuclear recoils in liquid Ar and Xe detection media, using neutron elastic scattering off nuclei. In the present work, the ionization yield for nuclear recoils in liquid Ar has for the first time been measured in the higher energy range, at 80 and 233 keV, using a two-phase Cryogenic Avalanche Detector (CRAD) and DD neutron generator. The ionization yield in liquid Ar at an electric field of 2.3 kV/cm amounted to 7.8+/-1.1 and 9.7+/-1.3 e-/keV at 80 and 233 keV respectively. The Jaffe model for nuclear recoil-induced ionization, in contrast to that Thomas-Imel, can probably consistently describe the energy dependence of the ionization yield.

A. Bondar; A. Buzulutskov; A. Dolgov; E. Grishnyaev; S. Polosatkin; L. Shekhtman; E. Shemyakina; A. Sokolov

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Study of 18 keV K-? x-ray emission from high intensity femtosecond laser produced plasma  

SciTech Connect

We report an experimental study on the optimization of a laser plasma based x-ray source of ultra-short duration K-? line radiation. The interaction of pulses from a CPA based Ti:sapphire laser (10 TW, 45 fs, 10 Hz) system with magnesium, titanium, iron and copper solid target generates bright 1-8 keV K-? x-ray radiation. The x-ray yield was optimized with the laser pulse duration (at fixed fluence) which is varied in the range of 45 fs to 1.4 ps. It showed a maximum at laser pulse duration of ?740 fs, 420 fs, 350 and 250 fs for Mg (1.3 keV), Ti (4.5 keV), Fe (6.4 keV) and Cu (8.05 keV) respectively. The x-ray yield is observed to be independent of the sign of the chirp. The scaling of the K-? yield (I{sub x} ? I{sub L}{sup ?}) for 45 fs and optimized pulse duration were measured for laser intensities in the region of 3 10{sup 14} 8 10{sup 17}. The x-ray yield shows a much faster scaling exponent ? = 1.5, 2.1, 2.4 and 2.6 for Mg, Ti, Fe and Cu respectively at optimized pulse duration compared to scaling exponent of 0.65, 1.3, 1.5, and 1.7 obtained for 45 fs duration laser pulses. The laser to x-ray energy conversion efficiencies obtained for different target materials are ?{sub Mg} = 1.2 10{sup ?5}, ?{sub Ti} = 3.1 10{sup ?5}, ?{sub Fe} = 2.7 10{sup ?5}, ?{sub Cu} = 1.9 10{sup ?5}. The results have been explained from the efficient generation of optimal energy hot electrons at longer laser pulse duration. The faster scaling observed at optimal pulse duration indicates that the x-ray source is generated at the target surface and saturation of x-ray emission would appear at larger laser fluence. An example of utilization of the source for measurement of shock-wave profiles in a silicon crystal by time resolved x-ray diffraction is also presented.

Arora, V., E-mail: arora@rrcat.gov.in; Naik, P. A.; Chakera, J. A.; Bagchi, S.; Tayyab, M.; Gupta, P. D. [Laser Plasma Division, Raja Rammana Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452 013 (India)] [Laser Plasma Division, Raja Rammana Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452 013 (India)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

222

Charge-Exchange Collisions Between Hydrogen Ions and Cesium Vapor in the Energy Range 0.5-20 keV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Charge-exchange collisions have been studied when H+ ions and ground state H0 atoms are incident on Cs vapor. Measurements of the positive, neutral, and negative beam components after passage through the target were made as a function of the Cs target thickness at several energies between 0.5 and 20 keV. All three beam components were found to approach charge equilibrium monotonically. The maximum H- equilibrium yield is (21 4)%, which occurs at an H+ energy of 0.75 keV. The H- yield decreases with increasing energy, and is 0.4% at 20 keV. At energies below 4 keV the H+ equilibrium yield is very small compared with the yield of H0 and H-. For energies greater than 10 kev the H- equilibrium yield is very small compared with the yield of H0 and H+. The cross sections ?+0, ?+-, ?0+, and ?0- were measured. The subscripts + and - refer to the H+ and H- ions, 0 as an initial subscript refers to a ground-state H0 atom, and 0 as a final subscript refers to an H0 atom in the particular states produced. The cross section ?+0 decreases with increasing energy, and ranges from (9.4 2.0) 10-15 cm2 at 1 keV to (7.5 1.1) 10-16 cm2 at 15 keV. The cross section ?+- decreases with increasing energy in the range 2-15 keV, and has the value (2.1 0.6) 10-17 cm2 at 5 keV. The cross section ?0+ increases with increasing energy, having the value (1.2 0.2) 10-17 cm2 at 2 keV, and (1.74 0.26) 10-16 cm2 at 15 keV. The cross section ?0- decreases with increasing energy, having the value (1.5 0.3) 10-16 cm2 at 2 keV and (1.4 0.2) 10-17 cm2 at 15 keV.

A. S. Schlachter; P. J. Bjorkholm; D. H. Loyd; L. W. Anderson; W. Haeberli

1969-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

223

Curium-245 and curium-247 neutron cross sections between 10 keV and 10 MeV  

SciTech Connect

The optical model code 2PLUS and the statistical model codes COMNUC and CASCADE were used to compute neutron cross sections for Cm-245 and Cm-247 between 10 keV and 10 MeV. Cross sections for elastic and inelastic scattering, radiative capture, fission, and the (n,2n) reactions were computed. The parameters for the fission model were selected to yield agreement with the cross sections from the Physics-8 bomb shot. Pu-239 cross sections were calculated and compared with existing cross section evaluations to demonstrate the validity of the calculational methods.

Clifford, L.R.; McCrosson, F.J.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Photon production from collisions of 100350-keV positive ions with CO, CF4, and CH4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various photon emissions from collisions of H+, H2+, and He+ in the 100350-keV energy range with targets of CO, CF4, and CH4 were studied. The wavelength range of the investigation ran from 2000 to 7000 . Photon-emission cross sections were measured for all significant features. The cross-section data were compared to the Bethe-Born theory through the use of Fano plots. The results show that the theory could be applicable in the case of the CO target, but is probably not applicable to the tetrahedral molecular targets as the emissions are from dissociated atoms.

Eric J. Freeman; Elisabeth L. Bryan; Michael N. Monce

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Simulations of Microchannel Plate Sensitivity to <20 keV X-rays as a Function of Energy and Incident Angle  

SciTech Connect

We present results of Monte Carlo simulations of microchannel plate (MCP) response to x-rays in the 250 eV to 20 keV energy range as a function of both x-ray energy and impact angle. The model is based on the model presented in Rochau et al. (2006). However, while the Rochau et al. (2006) model was two-dimensional, and their results only went to 5 keV, our results have been expanded to 20 keV, and our model has been incorporated into a three-dimensional Monte Carlo MCP model that we have developed over the past several years (Kruschwitz et al. 2011). X-ray penetration through multiple MCP pore walls is increasingly important above 5 keV. The effect of x-ray penetration through multiple pores on MCP performance was studied and is presented.

Kruschwitz, Craig [NSTec; Wu, M. [SNL; Rochau, G. A. [SNL

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

226

Chain-oxygen ordering in twin-free YBa2Cu3O7-single crystals driven by 20-keV electron irradiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chain-oxygen ordering in twin-free YBa2Cu3O7- single crystals driven by 20-keV electron irradiation 2005 We have examined the effects of 20-keV electron irradiation on the -Cu 1 -O 1 - n chain-oxygen arrange- ments in oxygen-deficient but otherwise twin-free YBa2Cu3O7- single crystals. Comparison

Johansen, Tom Henning

227

Measurement of the neutron capture cross section of the s-only isotope 204Pb from 1 eV to 440 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neutron capture cross section of 204Pb has been measured at the CERN n_TOF installation with high resolution in the energy range from 1 eV to 440 keV. An R-matrix analysis of the resolved resonance region, between 1 eV and 100 keV, was carried out using the SAMMY code. In the interval between 100 keV and 440 keV we report the average capture cross section. The background in the entire neutron energy range could be reliably determined from the measurement of a 208Pb sample. Other systematic effects in this measurement could be investigated and precisely corrected by means of detailed Monte Carlo simulations. We obtain a Maxwellian average capture cross section for 204Pb at kT=30 keV of 79(3) mb, in agreement with previous experiments. However our cross section at kT=5 keV is about 35% larger than the values reported so far. The implications of the new cross section for the s-process abundance contributions in the Pb/Bi region are discussed.

C. Domingo-Pardo

2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

228

Low-energy x-ray dosimetry studies (7 to 17.5 keV) with synchroton radiation  

SciTech Connect

Unique properties of synchrotron radiation (SR), such as its high intensity, brightness, polarization, and broad spectral distribution (extending from x-ray to infra-red wavelengths) make it an attractive light source for numerous experiments. As SR facilities are rapidly being built all over the world, they introduce the need for low-energy x-ray dosemeters because of the potential radiation exposure to experimenters. However, they also provide a unique opportunity for low-energy x-ray dosimetry studies because of the availability of monochromatic x-ray beams. Results of such studies performed at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory are described. Lithium fluoride TLDs (TLD-100) of varying thicknesses (0.015 to 0.08 cm) were exposed free in air to monochromatic x-rays (7 to 17.5 keV). These exposures were monitored with ionization chambers. The response (nC/Gy) was found to increase with increasing TLD thickness and with increasing beam energy. A steeper increase in response with increasing energy was observed with the thicker TLDs. The responses at 7 and 17.5 keV were within a factor of 2.3 and 5.2 for the 0.015 and 0.08 cm-thick TLDs, respectively. The effects of narrow (beam size smaller than the dosemeter) and broad (beam size larger than the dosemeter) beams on the response of the TLDs are also reported.

Ipe, N.E.; Bellamy, H.; Flood, J.R. [and others

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Revisiting the relationship between 6 {\\mu}m and 2-10 keV continuum luminosities of AGN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have determined the relation between the AGN luminosities at rest-frame 6 {\\mu}m associated to the dusty torus emission and at 2-10 keV energies using a complete, X-ray flux limited sample of 232 AGN drawn from the Bright Ultra-hard XMM-Newton Survey. The objects have X-ray luminosities corrected for intrinsic absorption between 10^42 and 10^46 erg/s and redshifts from 0.05 to 2.8. The rest-frame 6 {\\mu}m luminosities were computed using data from the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer and are based on a spectral energy distribution decomposition into AGN and galaxy emission. The best-fit relationship for the full sample is consistent with being linear, L_6 {\\mu}m $\\propto$ L_2-10 keV^0.99$\\pm$0.032, but has significant intrinsic scatter, ~0.35 dex in log L_6 {\\mu}m. Assuming a constant X-ray bolometric correction, the fraction of AGN bolometric luminosity reprocessed in the mid-IR decreases weakly, if at all, with the AGN luminosity, a finding at odds with simple receding torus models. Type 2 AGN have re...

Mateos, S; Alonso-Herrero, A; Rovilos, E; Hernn-Caballero, A; Barcons, X; Blain, A; Caccianiga, A; Della Ceca, R; Severgnini, P

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Differential cross sections for single ionization of H{sub 2} by 75-keV proton impact  

SciTech Connect

We have calculated triply differential cross sections (TDCS) and doubly differential cross sections (DDCS) for single ionization of H{sub 2} by 75-keV proton impact using the molecular three-body distorted-wave-eikonal initial-state (M3DW-EIS) approach. Previously published measured DDCS (differential in the projectile scattering angle and integrated over the ejected electron angles) found pronounced structures at relatively large angles that were interpreted as an interference resulting from the two-centered potential of the molecule. Theory treating H{sub 2} as atomic H multiplied by a molecular interference factor only predicts the observed structure when assumptions are made about the molecular orientation. Here we apply the M3DW-EIS method, which does not rely on such an ad hoc approach, but rather treats the interference from first principles.

Chowdhury, U.; Schulz, M.; Madison, D. H. [Missouri University of Science and Technology, Department of Physics and Laboratory for Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Research, Rolla, Missouri 65401 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

231

Sub-keV resolution detection with Cd{sub 1{minus}x}Zn{sub x}Te detectors  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary investigations were carried out to evaluate the resolution of Cd{sub 1{minus}x}Zn{sub x}Te detectors at temperatures achievable with commercially available, low power Peltier refrigerators. Detectors were in the form of cubes, 2 mm on a side. They were tested using a preamplifier with optical feedback. The input FET was cooled along with the detectors. Resolutions of 409 eV and 326 eV were observed at the 5.9 keV line of Fe-55, at temperatures of {minus}10 C and {minus}20 C, respectively. Results indicate that a straightforward extension of this work will lead to resolutions well below 200 eV.

Butler, J.F.; Apotovsky, B. [Aurora Technologies Corp., San Diego, CA (United States); Niemelae, A.; Sipilae, H. [Outokumpu Instruments OY, Espoo (Finland)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

232

Characteristic x-ray production by argon projectiles moving in graphite targets between 30 and 200 keV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thick-target yields and x-ray spectra have been measured for argon ions impinging on graphite targets at energies between 30 and 200 keV. The thick-target yields of carbon K-shell and argon L-shell x rays are analyzed on the basis of a simple model involving multiple collisions and molecular-orbital promotions. The analysis results in average argon L-shell fluorescence yields and total decay rates for argon ions traversing the solid. These values are found to be substantially lower than those appropriate to argon ions traversing a gas target. An explanation for the differences is proposed, and found to be corroborated by analysis of the observed x-ray spectra. An approximate determination of the argon M-shell vacancy distribution is obtained and compared with beam-foil charge equilibrium measurements.

R. J. Fortner and J. D. Garcia

1975-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

The 14C(n,g) cross section between 10 keV and 1 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neutron capture cross section of 14C is of relevance for several nucleosynthesis scenarios such as inhomogeneous Big Bang models, neutron induced CNO cycles, and neutrino driven wind models for the r process. The 14C(n,g) reaction is also important for the validation of the Coulomb dissociation method, where the (n,g) cross section can be indirectly obtained via the time-reversed process. So far, the example of 14C is the only case with neutrons where both, direct measurement and indirect Coulomb dissociation, have been applied. Unfortunately, the interpretation is obscured by discrepancies between several experiments and theory. Therefore, we report on new direct measurements of the 14C(n,g) reaction with neutron energies ranging from 20 to 800 keV.

R. Reifarth; M. Heil; C. Forssen; U. Besserer; A. Couture; S. Dababneh; L. Doerr; J. Goerres; R. C. Haight; F. Kaeppeler; A. Mengoni; S. O'Brien; N. Patronis; R. Plag; R. S. Rundberg; M. Wiescher; J. B. Wilhelmy

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

X-ray Filament with a Strong 6.7 keV Line in the Galactic Center Region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An elongated X-ray source with a strong K-shell line from He-like iron (Fe XXVI) is found at (RA, Dec)_{J2000.0}=(17h44m00s.0, -29D13'40''.9) in the Galactic center region. The position coincides with the X-ray thread, G359.55+0.16, which is aligned with the radio non-thermal filament. The X-ray spectrum is well fitted with an absorbed thin thermal plasma (apec) model. The best-fit temperature, metal abundance, and column density are 4.1^{+2.7}_{-1.8} keV, 0.58^{+0.41}_{-0.32} solar, and 6.1^{+2.5}_{-1.3}x10^{22} cm^{-2}, respectively. These values are similar to those of the largely extended Galactic center X-ray emission.

Yamauchi, Shigeo; Nakashima, Shinya; Nobukawa, Masayoshi; Tsuru, Takeshi Go; Koyama, Katsuji

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Dissociative-ionization cross sections for 12-keV-electron impact on CO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

The dissociative ionization of a CO{sub 2} molecule is studied at an electron energy of 12 keV using the multiple ion coincidence imaging technique. The absolute partial ionization cross sections and the precursor-specific absolute partial ionization cross sections of resulting fragment ions are obtained and reported. It is found that {approx}75% of single ionization, 22% of double ionization, and {approx}2% of triple ionization of the parent molecule contribute to the total fragment ion yield; quadruple ionization of CO{sub 2} is found to make a negligibly small contribution. Furthermore, the absolute partial ionization cross sections for ion-pair and ion-triple formation are measured for nine dissociative ionization channels of up to a quadruply ionized CO{sub 2} molecule. In addition, the branching ratios for single-ion, ion-pair, and ion-triple formation are also determined.

Bhatt, Pragya; Singh, Raj; Yadav, Namita; Shanker, R. [Atomic Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005 (India)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Absolute Calibration of Image Plate for electrons at energy between 100 keV and 4 MeV  

SciTech Connect

The authors measured the absolute response of image plate (Fuji BAS SR2040) for electrons at energies between 100 keV to 4 MeV using an electron spectrometer. The electron source was produced from a short pulse laser irradiated on the solid density targets. This paper presents the calibration results of image plate Photon Stimulated Luminescence PSL per electrons at this energy range. The Monte Carlo radiation transport code MCNPX results are also presented for three representative incident angles onto the image plates and corresponding electron energies depositions at these angles. These provide a complete set of tools that allows extraction of the absolute calibration to other spectrometer setting at this electron energy range.

Chen, H; Back, N L; Eder, D C; Ping, Y; Song, P M; Throop, A

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

237

$?_R$ dark matter-philic Higgs for 3.5 keV X-ray signal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest a new model in which a dark matter-philic Higgs is included to discriminate the interaction between dark matter and other particles, to explain the recent observation of the $7~ {\\rm keV}$ X-ray line signal by XMM-Newton observatory. The smallness of the vacuum expectation value of dark matter-philic Higgs can achieve the small mixing angle of the dark matter right-handed neutrino with the ordinary one. We show the range of the symmetry breaking scales as well as the observed dark matter properties are satisfied. In our model, the value of the vacuum expectation value of dark matter-philic Higgs should be about $0.17~ {\\rm GeV}$.

Naoyuki Haba; Hiroyuki Ishida; Ryo Takahashi

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

238

Accretion Properties of a Sample of Hard X-Ray (<60 keV) Selected Seyfert 1 Galaxies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the accretion properties in a sample of 42 hard (3-60 keV) X-ray selected nearby broad-line active galactic nuclei (AGNs). The energy range in the sample is harder than that usually used in similar previous studies. These AGNs are mainly complied from the RXTE All Sky Survey, and complemented by the released INTEGRAL AGN catalog. The black hole masses, bolometric luminosities of AGN, and Eddington ratios are derived from their optical spectra in terms of the broad H? emission line. The tight correlation between the hard X-ray (3-20 keV) and bolometric/line luminosity is well identified in our sample. Also identified is a strong inverse Baldwin relationship of the H? emission line. In addition, all of these hard X-ray AGNs are biased toward luminous objects with a high Eddington ratio (mostly between 0.01 and 0.1) and a low column density (22 cm2), which is most likely due to the selection effect of the surveys. The hard X-ray luminosity is consequently found to be strongly correlated with the black hole mass. We believe the sample completeness will be improved in the next few years by the ongoing Swift and the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory missions, and by the next advanced missions, such as NuSTAR, Simbol-X, and NeXT. Finally, the correlation between RFe (= optical Fe II/H?) and disk temperature as assessed by T ? (L/L Edd)M 1 BH leads us to suggest that the strength of the Fe II emission is mainly determined by the shape of the ionizing spectrum.

J. Wang; Y. F. Mao; J. Y. Wei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Efficient multi-keV x-ray source generated by nanosecond laser pulse irradiated multi-layer thin foils target  

SciTech Connect

A new target configuration is proposed to generate efficient multi-keV x-ray source using multiple thin foils as x-ray emitters. The target was constructed with several layers of thin foils, which were placed with a specific, optimized spacing. The thin foils are burned though one by one by a nanosecond-long laser pulse, which produced a very large, hot, underdense plasma. One-dimensional radiation hydrodynamic simulations show that the emission region and the multi-keV x-ray flux generated by multi-layer thin foil target are similar to that of the low-density gas or foam target, which is currently a bright multi-keV x-ray source generated by laser heating. Detailed analysis of a range of foil thicknesses showed that a layer-thickness of 0.1??m is thin enough to generate an efficient multi-keV x-ray source. Additionally, this type of target can be easily manufactured, compared with the complex techniques for fabrication of low-density foam targets. Our preliminary experimental results also verified that the size of multi-keV x-ray emission region could be enhanced significantly by using a multi-layer Ti thin foil target.

Tu, Shao-yong [Department of Modern Physics and CAS Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China) [Department of Modern Physics and CAS Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China); Hu, Guang-yue, E-mail: gyhu@ustc.edu.cn; Zhao, Bin; Zheng, Jian [Department of Modern Physics and CAS Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)] [Department of Modern Physics and CAS Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Miao, Wen-yong; Yuan, Yong-teng; Zhan, Xia-yu; Hou, Li-fei; Jiang, Shao-en; Ding, Yong-kun [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China)] [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Auger-electron and x-ray production in 50- to 2000-keV Ne+Ne collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The production of vacancies in the inner and outer shells of the target and projectile have been studied in Nei+ + Ne collisions in the incident energy range of 45 keV to 2.2 MeV through the observation of K x rays and Auger electrons. Data are given for incident charge states i=0,1,and2. Parameters necessary for the analysis of collision kinematics were extracted from previous data and used to investigate these effects on the observed Auger spectra. The kinematic line broadening in the Ne collisions is shown to obscure the peak structure characteristic of the multiple ionization states. The centroid energies and average energy widths of the Auger groups, together with absolute intensities, are reported as a function of the Nei+ energy and electron emission angle for both target and projectile. After kinematic corrections, it is found that target and projectile Auger-electron emission are isotropic to within 10% and that the K vacancy created is equally shared between the target and projectile. The average number nA of electrons removed from the L shell simultaneous with the K vacancy production is estimated from the centroid Auger-electron energies and compared with previously measured data. It is found that nA increases with the Ne+ energy from ?2.5-3.6 over the energy range studied. Absolute cross sections for x-ray and Auger-electron production are reported with an accuracy of about 15%, and mean fluorescence yields are determined from these cross-section data. The fluorescence yield increases with incident Ne+-ion energy, and is consistent with the observed degree of L-shell ionization. Total K-vacancy production cross sections agree well with available calculations below 200 keV, but the theoretical results underestimate the cross sections at higher energies. This reflects a breakdown of the two-state approximation made in the calculation. Information regarding the coupling of outer-shell molecular orbitals in the entrance channel is extracted from the comparison of the measured data and previous calculations.

N. Stolterfoht, D. Schneider, D. Burch, B. Aagaard, E. Bving, and B. Fastrup

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

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241

Set-up of an XAFS beamline for measurements between 2.4-8 keV at DORIS III  

SciTech Connect

In this paper results from the commissioning phase and from first user experiments of a new EXAFS beamline at the DORIS III storage ring are presented. The bending magnet EXAFS beamline A1 underwent a complete rebuild and now covers the energy range 2.4-8 keV. A Ni-coated toroidal mirror, placed in a 2:1 focusing position and a plane mirror with one Ni coated stripe and one uncoated (SiO{sub 2}) stripe are used for effective higher harmonics suppression and focusing. The UHV-compatible fixed-exit Double Crystal Monochromator (DCM) is equipped with two Si(111) crystal pairs. The second crystal of one of the two crystal pairs is tilted by 90 deg. around the surface normal to shift the position of glitches. It allows Bragg angles between 5 deg. and 55.5 deg. and continuous scans in quick-EXAFS mode. Test measurements during the commissioning phase proved the excellent performance of the monochromator and a high quality of the XAFS spectra over the entire working range.

Welter, Edmund [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research Centre of the Helmholtz Association, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

242

Capture of a neutron to excited states of a {sup 9}Be nucleus taking into account resonance at 622 keV  

SciTech Connect

Radiative capture of a neutron to the ground and excited states of the 9Be nucleus is considered using the potential cluster model with forbidden states and with classification of cluster states by the Young schemes taking into account resonance at 622 keV for thermal and astrophysical energies.

Dubovichenko, S. B., E-mail: dubovichenko@gmail.com [National Space Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Fessenkov Astrophysical Institute, National Space Research and Technologies Center (Kazakhstan)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Measurement of the 183 keV Resonance in 17O(p,alpha)14N using a Novel Technique  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a novel technique for measurements of low energy (p,alpha) reactions using heavy ion beams and a differentially-pumped windowless gas target. We applied this new approach to study the 183 keV resonance in the 17O(p,alpha)14}N reaction. We report a resonance energy (center-of-mass) of 183.5{+0.1}{-0.4} keV, a resonance strength of 1.70 +/- 0.15 meV, and set an upper limit (95\\% confidence) on the total width of the state of < 0.1 keV. This resonance is important for the 17O(p,alpha)14}N reaction rate, and we find that 18F production is significantly decreased in low mass ONeMg novae but less affected in more energetic novae. We also report the first determination of the stopping power for oxygen ions in hydrogen gas near the peak of the Bragg curve (E=193 keV/u) to be (63+/-1)e-15 eV-cm2.

Moazen, Brian H [ORNL; Bardayan, Daniel W [ORNL; Blackmon, Jeff C [ORNL; Chae, Kyung Yuk [ORNL; Chipps, Kelly A [ORNL; Domizioli, Carlo P [ORNL; Fitzgerald, Ryan [ORNL; Greife, Uwe [ORNL; Hix, William Raphael [ORNL; Grzywacz-Jones, Kate L [ORNL; KOZUB, RAYMOND L [ORNL; Lingerfelt, Eric J [ORNL; Livesay, Jake [ORNL; Nesaraja, Caroline D [ORNL; Pain, Steven D [ORNL; Roberts, Luke F [ORNL; Shriner, Jr., John F [ORNL; Smith, Michael Scott [ORNL; Thomas, Jeffrey S [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Scattering of 64 eV to 3 keV Neutrons from Polyethylene and Graphite and the Coherence Length Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scattering of 64 eV to 3 keV Neutrons from Polyethylene and Graphite and the Coherence Length 12180, USA (Received 31 August 2005; published 8 February 2006) We measured the neutron scattering by the neutron coherence length. The scattered intensity ratios were found to conform to conventional

Danon, Yaron

245

Yao, Y.Y., Decision-theoretic Rough Set Models (DTRSM) Computer Science (Ji Suan Ji Ke Xue), Vol. 35, No. 8A, pp. 7-8, 2008.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yao, Y.Y., Decision-theoretic Rough Set Models (DTRSM) Computer Science (Ji Suan Ji Ke Xue), Vol. 35, No. 8A, pp. 7-8, 2008. Decision-Theoretic Rough Set Models (DTRSM) Yiyu (Y.Y.) Yao Department://www.cs.uregina.ca/~yyao The standard rough sets model is a qualitative model that defines three regions for approximating a subset

Yao, Yiyu

246

Where do the 3.5 keV photons come from? A morphological study of the Galactic Center and of Perseus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We test the origin of the 3.5 keV line photons by analyzing the morphology of the emission at that energy from the Galactic Center and from the Perseus cluster of galaxies. We employ a variety of different templates to model the continuum emission and analyze the resulting radial and azimuthal distribution of the residual emission. We then perform a pixel-by-pixel binned likelihood analysis including line emission templates and dark matter templates and assess the correlation of the 3.5 keV emission with these templates. We conclude that the radial and azimuthal distribution of the residual emission is incompatible with a dark matter origin for both the Galactic center and Perseus; the Galactic center 3.5 keV line photons trace the morphology of lines at comparable energy, while the Perseus 3.5 keV photons are highly correlated with the cluster's cool core, and exhibit a morphology incompatible with either dark matter decay or with axion-like particle conversions in the cluster's magnetic fields. The template...

Carlson, Eric; Profumo, Stefano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Energy and fluence calibration of the neutron spectrometer ROSPEC at the IRSN AMANDE facility between 70 keV and 4.5 MeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......spectrometer in the energy range 144 keV to 14.8 MeV with ISO energies. Radiat. Prot...eds. (1987) II. New York: Academic Press...Bolognese-Milstajn T. AMANDE: a new facility for monoenergetic...United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority. AWRE......

M. Benmosbah; B. Asselineau

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Finite-Hilbert-basis-set calculations for the angular distribution of ionized electrons produced in p+H impact at 20 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a different method of extracting the angular distribution of ejected electrons in an ion-atom collision from a two-centered finite Hilbert basis-set calculation. We obtain good agreement with experiment for a p+H collision at 20 keV if we...

Reading, John F.; Fu, J.; Fitzpatrick, M. J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Experimental investigation of the 100 keV X-ray dose response of the high-temperature thermoluminescence in LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-100): theoretical interpretation using the unified interaction model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......measured from 1 to 50 000 Gy using 100 keV X rays at the European Synchroton Radiation Facility. Glow curves were deconvoluted into component...from 1 to 50,000 Gy using 100 keV X rays at the European Synchroton Radiation Facility. Glow curves were deconvoluted into component......

J. Livingstone; Y. S. Horowitz; L. Oster; H. Datz; M. Lerch; A. Rosenfeld; A. Horowitz

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The response of a fast phosphor screen scintillator (ZnO:Ga) to low energy ions (0-60 keV)  

SciTech Connect

ZnO:Ga is a promising, high time resolution candidate for use as a fast-ion-loss detector in TJ-II. We compare its ionoluminescence with that of the standard fast-ion-loss detector material, SrGa{sub 2}S{sub 4}:Eu (also known as TG-Green), when irradiated by H{sup +} ions with a range of energies E{<=}60 keV using a dedicated laboratory setup. It is found that ZnO:Ga is a reasonably good candidate for detecting low energy (E<60 keV) ions as it has excellent time resolution; however, its sensitivity is about 100 times lower than TG-Green, potentially limiting it to applications with high energy ion loss signals.

Jimenez-Rey, D. [Centro de Micro-Analisis de Materiales, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, C/ Faraday 3, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Zurro, B.; Baciero, A.; Navarro, M. [Laboratorio Nacional de Fusion, Asociacion Euratom-CIEMAT, Av. Complutense 22, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Rodriguez-Barquero, L. [Laboratorio de Metrologia de Radiaciones lonizantes, CIEMAT, Av. Complutense 22, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Development of a soft x-ray diffractometer for a wideband multilayer grating with a novel layer structure in the 2-4 keV range  

SciTech Connect

We have been developing a wavelength-dispersive soft x-ray spectrograph covering an energy region of 50-4000 eV to attach to a conventional electron microscope. Observation of soft x-ray emission in the 2-4 keV range needs a multilayer coated grating. In order to evaluate the performance of the optical component in the energy region, a goniometric apparatus has been newly developed and the preliminary performance has been tested using synchrotron radiation.

Imazono, Takashi; Koike, Masato; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Koeda, Masaru; Nagano, Tetsuya; Sasai, Hiroyuki; Oue, Yuki; Yonezawa, Zeno; Kuramoto, Satoshi; Terauchi, Masami; Takahashi, Hideyuki; Handa, Nobuo; Murano, Takanori [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 8-1-7 Umemidai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Device Dept., Shimadzu Corp., 1 Nishinokyo-Kuwabara-cho, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto 604-8511 (Japan); IMRAM, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); ECBU, JEOL Ltd., 3-1-2 Musashino, Akishima, Tokyo 196-8558 (Japan)

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

252

Hard x-ray (>100 keV) imager to measure hot electron preheat for indirectly driven capsule implosions on the NIF  

SciTech Connect

We have fielded a hard x-ray (>100 keV) imager with high aspect ratio pinholes to measure the spatially resolved bremsstrahlung emission from energetic electrons slowing in a plastic ablator shell during indirectly driven implosions at the National Ignition Facility. These electrons are generated in laser plasma interactions and are a source of preheat to the deuterium-tritium fuel. First measurements show that hot electron preheat does not limit obtaining the fuel areal densities required for ignition and burn.

Doeppner, T.; Dewald, E. L.; Divol, L.; Thomas, C. A.; Burns, S.; Celliers, P. M.; Izumi, N.; LaCaille, G.; McNaney, J. M.; Prasad, R. R.; Robey, H. F.; Glenzer, S. H.; Landen, O. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Kline, J. L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

Angular scattering of 150 keV ions through graphene and thin carbon foils: Potential applications for space plasma instrumentation  

SciTech Connect

We present experimental results for the angular scattering of ?150 keV H, He, C, O, N, Ne, and Ar ions transiting through graphene foils and compare them with scattering through nominal ?0.5 ?g?cm{sup ?2} carbon foils. Thin carbon foils play a critical role in time-of-flight ion mass spectrometers and energetic neutral atom sensors in space. These instruments take advantage of the charge exchange and secondary electron emission produced as ions or neutral atoms transit these foils. This interaction also produces angular scattering and energy straggling for the incident ion or neutral atom that acts to decrease the performance of a given instrument. Our results show that the angular scattering of ions through graphene is less pronounced than through the state-of-the-art 0.5 ?g?cm{sup ?2} carbon foils used in space-based particle detectors. At energies less than 50 keV, the scattering angle half width at half maximum, ?{sub 1/2}, for ?35 atoms thick graphene is up to a factor of 3.5 smaller than for 0.5 ?g?cm{sup ?2} (?20 atoms thick) carbon foils. Thus, graphene foils have the potential to improve the performance of space-based plasma instruments for energies below ?50 keV.

Ebert, Robert W., E-mail: rebert@swri.edu [Southwest Research Institute, P. O. Drawer 28510, San Antonio, Texas 78228-0510 (United States); Allegrini, Frdric; Fuselier, Stephen A.; Nicolaou, Georgios [Southwest Research Institute, P. O. Drawer 28510, San Antonio, Texas 78228-0510 (United States) [Southwest Research Institute, P. O. Drawer 28510, San Antonio, Texas 78228-0510 (United States); Physics and Astronomy Department, University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, Texas 78249 (United States); Bedworth, Peter; Sinton, Steve [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States)] [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States); Trattner, Karlheinz J. [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States) [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States); Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, 1234 Innovation Drive, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Angular distribution of thick-target bremsstrahlung produced by electrons with initial energies ranging from 10 to 20 keV incident on Ag  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental results are presented comparing the intensities of the bremsstrahlung produced by electrons with initial energies ranging from 10 to 20 keV incident on a thick Ag target, measured at forward angles in the range of 0 to 55. When the data are corrected for attenuation due to photon absorption within the target, the results indicate that the detected radiation is distributed anisotropically only at photon energies k that are approximately equal to the initial energy of the incident electrons E0. The results of our experiments suggest that, as k/E0 ? 0, the detected radiation essentially becomes isotropic due primarily to the scattering of electrons within the target. A comparison to the theory of Kissel et al. [At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 28, 381 (1983)] suggests that the angular distribution of bremsstrahlung emitted by electrons incident on thick targets is similar to the angular distribution of bremsstrahlung emitted by electrons incident on free-atom targets only when k/E0 ? 1. The experimental data also are in approximate agreement with the angular distribution predictions of the Monte Carlo program penelope.

D. Gonzales; B. Cavness; S. Williams

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

255

Double-electron capture on {sup 112}Sn to the excited 1871 keV state in {sup 112}Cd: A possible alternative to double-{beta} decay  

SciTech Connect

We report the first use of a coincidence technique to study neutrinoless double-electron capture (0{nu}ECEC) to an excited state in the daughter nucleus. We investigated 0{nu}ECEC by {sup 112}Sn leading to the possibly degenerate 1871 keV excited state in {sup 112}Cd by searching for its deexcitation {gamma} rays of 1253 keV and 618 keV in coincidence. The experiment was performed at ground level. A sample of 3.91 g of tin enriched to 99.5% in {sup 112}Sn was placed between two high-purity germanium {gamma}-ray detectors. In order to enhance the sample material, rods of natural tin totaling 1.2 kg (natural abundance 0.97%{sup 112}Sn) surrounded the cylindrical surface of our two {gamma}-ray detectors. After an exposure of 1.59 kg x days of {sup 112}Sn, no decays were observed. From this null result we determine a lower limit for the half-life time of T{sub 1/2}>2.7(1.3)x10{sup 19} yr (68%(90%) CL). We hope to achieve a sensitivity in the 10{sup 23} to 10{sup 24} yr range with a sample of a few kg of {sup 112}Sn and improved {gamma}-ray detectors in an underground facility.

Kidd, M. F.; Esterline, J. H.; Tornow, W. [Department of Physics, Duke University and Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory, Durham, North Carolina 27708-0308 (United States)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

Limnology in the Tropics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...alpine tarns on Mt. Kenya and Ruwenzo-ri, the Momela lakes (Tanzania), Lake Bosumtwi (Ghana), the Cameroon crater lakes, Lake...trans-parency of the lake and of day-to-day variations in solar radiation as factors influencing stratification, it is becoming...

JOHN M. MELACK

1984-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

257

East Africa: Science for Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Products (%) Division Ghana Tanzania Kenya Agriculture 47.9 47...sources of energy, such as solar energy (a field which is neglected...College, Dar-es-Salaam, in Tanzania. The University Office at...into the United Republic of Tanzania in April 1964. 5. This is...

Thomas R. Odhiambo

1967-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

258

2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, Hungary, Iran, Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Fiji, Gabon, Greece, Guatemala, Kenya, Kuwait, Malaysia-Leste, Ecuador, El Salvador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Gabon, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Jamaica

Auckland, University of

259

New emission line at ~3.5 keV - observational status, connection with radiatively decaying dark matter and directions for future studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent works of [1402.2301,1402.4119], claiming the detection of extra emission line with energy ~3.5 keV in X-ray spectra of certain clusters of galaxies and nearby Andromeda galaxy, have raised considerable interest in astrophysics and particle physics communities. A number of new observational studies claim detection or non-detection of the extra line in X-ray spectra of various cosmic objects. In this review I summarize existing results of these studies, overview possible interpretations of the extra line, including intriguing connection with radiatively decaying dark matter, and show future directions achievable with existing and planned X-ray cosmic missions.

Iakubovskyi, Dmytro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Measurement of the keV-neutron capture cross section and capture gamma-ray spectrum of isotopes around N=82 region  

SciTech Connect

The keV-neutron capture cross section and capture {gamma}-ray spectra of nuclides with a neutron magic number N= 82, {sup 139}La and {sup 142}Nd, were newly measured by the time-of-flight method. Capture {gamma}-rays were detected with an anti-Compton NaI(T1) spectrometer, and the pulse-height weighting technique was applied to derive the neutron capture cross section. The results were provided with our previous measurements of other nuclides around N= 82, {sup 140}Ce, {sup 141}Pr, {sup 143}Nd and {sup 145}Nd.

Katabuchi, Tatsuya; Igashira, Masayuki [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan)

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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261

Earth X-ray albedo for cosmic X-ray background radiation in the 1--1000 keV band  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present calculations of the reflection of the cosmic X-ray background (CXB) by the Earth's atmosphere in the 1--1000 keV energy range. The calculations include Compton scattering and X-ray fluorescent emission and are based on a realistic chemical composition of the atmosphere. Such calculations are relevant for CXB studies using the Earth as an obscuring screen (as was recently done by INTEGRAL). The Earth's reflectivity is further compared with that of the Sun and the Moon -- the two other objects in the Solar system subtending a large solid angle on the sky, as needed for CXB studies.

E. Churazov; S. Sazonov; R. Sunyaev; M. Revnivtsev

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

262

Angular and energy dependence of cross sections for ejection of electrons from water vapor. III. 20150-keV neutral-hydrogen impact  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Absolute values of cross sections for electron production in collisions of neutral hydrogen atoms of 20150 keV energy with water vapor molecules have been measured as a function of the ejection energy and angle. The range of angles was 10 to 160 and the electron energy range was 1300 eV. The doubly differential cross sections were integrated over angle and/or energy to obtain singly differential cross sections, total electron production cross sections, and average energies of ejection. The angular distribution of the electron loss peak was found to have some features in common with the cross section for elastic scattering of electrons.

M. A. Bolorizadeh and M. E. Rudd

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Reduction in the intensity of solar X-ray emission in the 2- to 15-keV photon energy range and heating of the solar corona  

SciTech Connect

The time profiles of the energy spectra of low-intensity flares and the structure of the thermal background of the soft X-ray component of solar corona emission over the period of January-February, 2003, are investigated using the data of the RHESSI project. A reduction in the intensity of X-ray emission of the solar flares and the corona thermal background in the 2- to 15-keV photon energy range is revealed. The RHESSI data are compared with the data from the Interball-Geotail project. A new mechanism of solar corona heating is proposed on the basis of the results obtained.

Mirzoeva, I. K., E-mail: colombo2006@mail.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

High aspect ratio hard x-ray (> 100 keV) imager to measure hot electron preheat for indirectly driven capsule implosions on the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect

We have fielded a multi-pinhole, hard x-ray (> 100 keV) imager to measure the spatially-resolved bremsstrahlung emission from energetic electrons slowing in a plastic ablator shell during indirectly driven implosions at the National Ignition Facility. These electrons are generated in laser plasma interactions, and are a source of preheat to the deuterium-tritium fuel that could limit the compressibility required for ignition and burn. Our hard x-ray imaging measurements allow to set an upper limit to the DT fuel preheat, which we find is acceptable in current capsule implosions on the NIF.

Doppner, T; Dewald, E; Divol, L; Burns, S; Izumi, N; Kline, J; LaCaille, G; McNaney, J; Prasad, R; Thomas, C A; Glenzer, S H; Landen, O; Author, A; Author, S G; Author, T

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Facilities and techniques for x-ray diagnostic calibration in the 100-eV to 100-keV energy range  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has been a pioneer in the field of x-ray diagnostic calibration for more than 20 years. We have built steady state x-ray sources capable of supplying fluorescent lines of high spectral purity in the 100-eV to 100-keV energy range, and these sources have been used in the calibration of x-ray detectors, mirrors, crystals, filters, and film. This paper discusses our calibration philosophy and techniques, and describes some of our x-ray sources. Examples of actual calibration data are presented as well.

Gaines, J.L.; Wittmayer, F.J.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Formation of submicron oxide widths on aluminum in the presence of keV electron beams and CO/sub 2/ or N/sub 2/O  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to report the size of oxide islands or line widths that can be grown as smaller diameter electron beams are used for the oxidation. The implications of the potential lateral resolution available between oxide lines for electronic materials are discussed. The localize dioxide growth on thin Al films occurs in the presence of .5 to 10 keV electron beams and high vacuum level pressures of carbon dioxide or nitrous oxide. Auger electron spectroscopy shows saturation of the O (KLL) signal and depletion of the Al (LMM) signal after an exposure of 5000 l carbon dioxide with a 2 keV beam of 7 A/sq. cm. The oxide is spatially restricted to the beam impact region and is stable for long periods of time in vacuum. The most plausible mechanism for this oxide growth is dissociation of the carbon dioxide or the nitrous oxide by the electron beam in the region of impingement on or near the surface. Oxygen atoms thus formed can then react with the Al, and carbon monoxide or nitrogen desorbs.

Pitts, J.R.; Massopust, T.P.; Czanderna, A.W.; Kazmerski, L.L.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Non-abelian Dark Matter Solutions for Galactic Gamma-ray Excess and Perseus 3.5 keV X-ray Line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We attempt to explain simultaneously the Galactic center gamma-ray excess and the 3.5 keV X-ray line from the Perseus cluster based on a class of non-abelian $SU(2)$ DM models, in which the dark matter and an excited state comprise a "dark" $SU(2)$ doublet. The non-abelian group kinetically mixes with the standard model gauge group via dimensions-5 operators. The dark matter particles annihilate into standard model fermions, followed by fragmentation and bremsstrahlung, and thus producing a continuous spectrum of gamma-rays. On the other hand, the dark matter particles can annihilate into a pair of excited states, each of which decays back into the dark matter particle and an X-ray photon, which has an energy equal to the mass difference between the dark matter and the excited state, which is set to be 3.5 keV. The large hierarchy between the required X-ray and $\\gamma$-ray annihilation cross-sections can be achieved by a very small kinetic mixing between the SM and dark sector, which effectively suppresses t...

Cheung, Kingman; Tsai, Yue-Lin Sming

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Energy and angular distribution of electrons ejected from argon by 5-keV to 1.5-MeV protons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cross sections, differential in emission energy and angle, have been measured for the ejection of electrons in collisions of H+ with argon gas targets. Incident-proton energies studied were from 5 keV to 1.5 MeV and electron emission angles ranged from 10 to 160. Integration of the double-differential cross sections over emission angle and energy yield results in good agreement with direct measurement of total ionization cross sections. The electron distributions are compared to two plane-wave Born-approximation calculations, one using Hartree-Slater wave functions and the other using Hartree-Fock wave functions in the 3p-?d channel.

T. L. Criswell; L. H. Toburen; M. E. Rudd

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Charge transfer of 0.5-, 1.5-, and 5-keV protons with atomic oxygen: Absolute differential and integral cross sections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report measurements of the absolute differential cross sections for charge-transfer scattering of 0.5-, 1.5-, and 5-keV protons by atomic oxygen at scattering angles between 0.01 and 2.6 in the laboratory frame. Absolute integral cross sections are also reported and compared with previously published total cross sections. The measurements were made using a flowing gas target, which consisted of a mixture of atomic and molecular oxygen produced by passage of O2 through a microwave discharge. The cross sections for atomic oxygen were obtained by appropriate subtraction of the signal due to molecular oxygen from that due to the mixture of O and O2. 1996 The American Physical Society.

B. G. Lindsay; D. R. Sieglaff; D. A. Schafer; C. L. Hakes; K. A. Smith; R. F. Stebbings

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Measurement of the x-ray mass attenuation coefficients of gold in the 38?50-keV energy range  

SciTech Connect

We used synchrotron x rays to measure the x-ray mass attenuation coefficients of gold at nine energies from 38 to 50 keV with accuracies of 0.1%. Our results are much more accurate than previous measurements in this energy range. A comparison of our measurements with calculated mass attenuation coefficients shows that our measurements fall almost exactly midway between the XCOM and FFAST calculated theoretical values, which differ from one another in this energy region by about 4%, even though the range includes no absorption edge. The consistency and accuracy of these measurements open the way to investigations of the x-ray attenuation in the region of the L absorption edge of gold.

Islam, M.T.; Rae, N.A.; Glover, J.L.; Barnea, Z.; de Jonge, M.D.; Tran, C.Q.; Wang, J.; Chantler, C.T. (Melbourne)

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

271

A 3.55 keV line from $\\text{DM}\\rightarrow a \\rightarrow ?$: predictions for cool-core and non-cool-core clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We further study a scenario in which a 3.55 keV X-ray line arises from decay of dark matter to an axion-like particle (ALP), that subsequently converts to a photon in astrophysical magnetic fields. We perform numerical simulations of Gaussian random magnetic fields with radial scaling of the magnetic field magnitude with the electron density, for both cool-core `Perseus' and non-cool-core `Coma' electron density profiles. Using these, we quantitatively study the resulting signal strength and morphology for cool-core and non-cool-core clusters. Our study includes the effects of fields of view that cover only the central part of the cluster, the effects of offset pointings on the radial decline of signal strength and the effects of dividing clusters into annuli. We find good agreement with current data and make predictions for future analyses and observations.

Joseph P. Conlon; Andrew J. Powell

2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

272

Calibration of X-ray detectors in the 8 to 115 keV energy range and their application to diagnostics on the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect

The calibration of X-ray diagnostics is of paramount importance to the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). National Security Technologies LLC (NSTec) fills this need by providing a wide variety of calibration and diagnostic development services in support of the ongoing research efforts at NIF. The X-ray source in the High Energy X-ray lab utilizes induced fluorescence in a variety of metal foils to produce a beam of characteristic X rays ranging from 8 to 111 keV. Presented are the methods used for calibrating a High Purity Germanium detector, which has been absolutely calibrated using radioactive check sources, compared against a silicon photodiode calibrated at Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). Also included is a limited presentation of results from the recent calibration of the upgraded Filter Fluorescer X ray Spectrometer.

J. J. Lee, M. J. Haugh, G. LaCaille, and P. Torres

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Differential elastic electron-scattering cross sections of pyrimidine in the energy range between 20 eV and 1 keV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differential elastic electron-scattering cross sections of pyrimidine were absolutely measured for electron energies from 20 eV to 1 keV in the angular range between 5 and 135. The present results agree with the data of other groups within the experimental uncertainties at scattering angles below 75 while considerable differences among the data were found at higher scattering angles. The experimental values were compared to theoretical values calculated using the modified independent-atom model. The theoretical values reproduce the angular dependence of the experimental differential elastic scattering cross sections qualitatively well for electron energies above 60 eV. The sum of the integral elastic scattering cross sections, obtained by the integration of the differential elastic scattering cross sections, and ionization cross sections predicted by the binary-encounter-Bethe model agree with the previously measured total electron-scattering cross sections of pyrimidine to within 8%.

W. Y. Baek; M. U. Bug; H. Rabus

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

274

Characteristics of STP Pre-2004 Archived KE Basin Sludge Samples Before and After Re-Jarring in the RPL - April 2012  

SciTech Connect

This report describes results of work performed in the Shielded Analytical Laboratory (SAL) at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys (PNNL) Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) with archive K East (KE) Basin sludge samples obtained before the year 2004, with some of them composited and initially characterized five years ago (Delegard et al. 2011). The previously performed testing included the physical properties determinations for selected samples (settled and particle densities, water and solids concentrations), the pH, as well as identification of crystalline phases by X-ray diffractometry (XRD) for selected samples. Another objective of the previous characterization and testing campaign was to transfer some sludge composites and individual samples into new storage containers to overcome the embrittlement effect which develops in original glass containers as a result of extended exposure to high radiation fields and which increases probability of sample loss.

Sinkov, Sergey I.; Delegard, Calvin H.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Chenault, Jeffrey W.

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

275

Cross Sections for Electron Capture into the Excited Level n=6 of Hydrogen by 5- to 70-keV Protons in Mg Vapor and in Neon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An optical technique has been used to investigate electron capture into the excited level n=6 of hydrogen by 5- to 70-keV protons passing through magnesium vapor or neon. Photons from the Balmer H? transition which are emitted downstream of the target were analyzed with a grating spectrometer and counted. From these the population of the level n=6 and the cross section for electron capture into n=6 have been obtained. Cross-section estimates for ionization of the level n=6 collisions with Mg atoms are also presented. The electron-capture cross sections are consistent with n-3 extrapolations of electric-gap measurements for capture into higher quantum levels (n?9to15) reported by Il'in and co-workers, Futch and Moses, and Riviere. The results are compared with those of various theoretical models.

Klaus H. Berkner, William S. Cooper, III, Selig N. Kaplan, and Robert V. Pyle

1969-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

276

First result of the experimental search for the 9.4 keV solar axion reactions with Kr-83 in the copper proportional counter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The experimental search for solar hadronic axions is started at the Baksan Neutrino Observatory of the Institute for Nuclear Researches Russian Academy of Science. It is assumed that axions are created in the Sun during M1-transition between the first thermally excited level at 9.4 keV and the ground state in Kr-83. The experiment is based on axion detection via resonant absorption process by the same nucleus in the detector. The big copper proportional counter filled with krypton is used to detect signals from axions. The experimental setup is situated in the deep underground low background laboratory. No evidence of axion detection were found after the 26.5 days data collection. Resulting new upper limit on axion mass is m_{A} < 130 eV at 95% C.L.

Yu. M. Gavrilyuk; A. M. Gangapshev; A. V. Derbin; V. V. Kazalov; H. J. Kim; Y. D. Kim; V. V. Kobychev; V. V. Kuzminov; Luqman Ali; V. N. Muratova; S. I. Panasenko; S. S. Ratkevich; D. A. Semenov; D. A. Tekueva; S. P. Yakimenko; E. V. Unzhakov

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

277

Search for 14.4-KeV Solar Axions Emitted in the M1-Transition of Fe-57 Nuclei with CAST  

SciTech Connect

We have searched for 14.4 keV solar axions or more general axion-like particles (ALPs), that may be emitted in the M1 nuclear transition of 57Fe, by using the axion-to-photon conversion in the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) with evacuated magnet bores (Phase I). From the absence of excess of the monoenergetic X-rays when the magnet was pointing to the Sun, we set model-independent constraints on the coupling constants of pseudoscalar particles that couple to two photons and to a nucleon g{sub ay}|-1.19g{sub aN}{sup 0}+g{sub aN}{sup 3}| < 1.36 x 10{sup -16} GeV{sup -1} for ma < 0.03 eV at the 95% confidence level.

Andriamonje, S.; Aune, S.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Autiero, D.; /CERN /Lyon, IPN; Barth, K.; /CERN; Belov, A.; /Moscow, INR; Beltran, B.; /Zaragoza U. /Queen's U., Kingston; Brauninger, H.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Carmona, J.M.; Cebrian, S.; /Zaragoza U.; Collar, J.I.; /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP; Dafni, T.; /DAPNIA, Saclay /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Zaragoza U.; Davenport, M.; /CERN; Di Lella, L.; /CERN /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore; Eleftheriadis, C.; /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki; Englhauser, J.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Fanourakis, G.; /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr.; Ferrer-Ribas, E.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Fischer, H.; Franz, J.; /Freiburg U.; Friedrich, P.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Geralis, T.; /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Moscow, INR /Zaragoza U. /British Columbia U. /Freiburg U. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Zaragoza U. /Frankfurt U. /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Freiburg U. /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /CERN /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Zaragoza U. /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC /Zaragoza U. /CERN /DAPNIA, Saclay /CERN /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Zaragoza U. /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki /Patras U. /Brookhaven /CERN /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /CERN /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP /Zaragoza U. /Freiburg U. /CERN /CERN /Patras U.

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

278

Hidden axion dark matter decaying through mixing with QCD axion and the 3.5 keV X-ray line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hidden axions may be coupled to the standard model particles through a kinetic or mass mixing with QCD axion. We study a scenario in which a hidden axion constitutes a part of or the whole of dark matter and decays into photons through the mixing, explaining the 3.5 keV X-ray line signal. Interestingly, the required long lifetime of the hidden axion dark matter can be realized for the QCD axion decay constant at an intermediate scale, if the mixing is sufficiently small. In such a two component dark matter scenario, the primordial density perturbations of the hidden axion can be highly non-Gaussian, leading to a possible dispersion in the X-ray line strength from various galaxy clusters and near-by galaxies. We also discuss how the parallel and orthogonal alignment of two axions affects their couplings to gauge fields.

Tetsutaro Higaki; Naoya Kitajima; Fuminobu Takahashi

2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

279

3-10 keV and 0. 1- to 2-MeV observations of four gamma-ray bursts  

SciTech Connect

Four catalogued ..gamma..-ray bursts that occurred between 79/3/7 and 79/7/31 have been observed over the 3 to 10 keV range by a joint NRL/Los Alamos experiment on the Air Force P78-1 satellite. The bursts were also well observed by members of the interplanetary network. In this paper we present hardness ratios, x-ray/..gamma..-ray luminosity ratios, and time histories. The most significant results presented herein can be summarized as follows: (1) gamma-ray bursters can emit fairly strongly at x-ray energies near the time of the ..gamma.. burst with L/sub x//L/sub ..gamma../ approx. .02 (L/sub x/ approx. 10/sup 37/ ergs s/sup -1/, 3 to 10 keV, assuming a distance of 1 kpc); (2) the centroid of the x-ray emission generally lags the ..gamma..-ray centroid, but there is also evidence for one or more types of x-ray precursor activity; (3) the ..gamma..-ray hardness ratios were not highly variable for these particular events. However, there is some evidence that the ..gamma..-ray spectra softened near the ends of the bursts when the x-ray/..gamma..-ray ratios were high; (4) the x-ray/..gamma..-ray power law number index during times of the strongest ..gamma..-ray emission ranged from 0.8 to approx. 1.1 for the four bursts; (5) the x-ray tail of GB790307 probably can be modeled as the cooling of hot plasma generated during the ..gamma..-ray burst. Simple versions of this model can be used to estimate various source parameters. These estimates imply a distance of a few hundred to a few thousand pc; (6) gamma-ray bursters probably do not produce events similar to classical x-ray bursts independently of the ..gamma..-ray emission.

Laros, J.G.; Evans, W.D.; Fenimore, E.E.; Klebesadel, R.W.; Shulman, S.; Fritz, G.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

sup2ke.PDF  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

60. Electric Power Projections for EMM Region (1 of 3) 60. Electric Power Projections for EMM Region (1 of 3) 01 - East Central Area Reliability Coordination Agreement 1998- 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 Electricity Generating Capacity 1/ (gigawatts) Coal Steam 83.61 83.61 83.61 83.61 82.87 82.06 81.50 81.28 80.39 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 -0.2% Other Fossil Steam 2/ 3.56 3.56 3.70 3.70 3.70 3.70 3.70 3.70 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 0.0% Combined Cycle 0.34 0.34 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.53 1.53 2.67 3.42 3.80 4.16 4.37 4.64 5.10 5.86 6.91 7.90 9.42 10.22 16.8% Combustion Turbine/Diesel 9.05 9.63 10.11 11.87 14.09 14.44 17.63 18.24 20.89 23.04 25.09 25.83 27.75 27.96 28.63 29.05 29.56 30.80 32.38 34.33

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281

A new study of the $^{22}$Ne(p,$?$)$^{23}$Na reaction deep underground: Feasibility, setup, and first observation of the 186 keV resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $^{22}$Ne(p,$\\gamma$)$^{23}$Na reaction takes part in the neon-sodium cycle of hydrogen burning. This cycle is active in asymptotic giant branch stars as well as in novae and contributes to the nucleosythesis of neon and sodium isotopes. In order to reduce the uncertainties in the predicted nucleosynthesis yields, new experimental efforts to measure the $^{22}$Ne(p,$\\gamma$)$^{23}$Na cross section directly at the astrophysically relevant energies are needed. In the present work, a feasibility study for a $^{22}$Ne(p,$\\gamma$)$^{23}$Na experiment at the Laboratory for Underground Nuclear Astrophysics (LUNA) 400\\,kV accelerator deep underground in the Gran Sasso laboratory, Italy, is reported. The ion beam induced $\\gamma$-ray background has been studied. The feasibility study led to the first observation of the $E_{\\rm p}$ = 186\\,keV resonance in a direct experiment. An experimental lower limit of 0.12\\,$\\times$\\,10$^{-6}$\\,eV has been obtained for the resonance strength. Informed by the feasibility study, a dedicated experimental setup for the $^{22}$Ne(p,$\\gamma$)$^{23}$Na experiment has been developed. The new setup has been characterized by a study of the temperature and pressure profiles. The beam heating effect that reduces the effective neon gas density due to the heating by the incident proton beam has been studied using the resonance scan technique, and the size of this effect has been determined for a neon gas target.

F. Cavanna; R. Depalo; M. -L. Menzel; M. Aliotta; M. Anders; D. Bemmerer; C. Broggini; C. G. Bruno; A. Caciolli; P. Corvisiero; T. Davinson; A. di Leva; Z. Elekes; F. Ferraro; A. Formicola; Zs. Flp; G. Gervino; A. Guglielmetti; C. Gustavino; Gy. Gyrky; G. Imbriani; M. Junker; R. Menegazzo; P. Prati; C. Rossi Alvarez; D. A. Scott; E. Somorjai; O. Straniero; F. Strieder; T. Szcs; D. Trezzi

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

282

Nonthermal Two Component Dark Matter Model for Fermi-LAT $\\gamma$-ray excess and 3.55 keV X-ray Line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A two component model of nonthermal dark matter is formulated to simultaneously explain the Fermi-LAT results indicating a $\\gamma$-ray excess observed from our Galactic Centre in the 1-3 GeV energy range and the detection of an X-ray line at 3.55 keV from extra galactic sources. Two additional Standard Model singlet scalar fields $S_2$ and $S_3$ are introduced. These fields couple among themselves and with the Standard Model Higgs doublet $H$. The interaction terms among the scalar fields, namely $H$, $S_2$ and $S_3$, are constrained by the application of a discrete $\\mathbb{Z}_2\\times \\mathbb{Z}^\\prime_2$ symmetry which breaks softly to a remnant $\\mathbb{Z}^{\\prime \\prime}_2$ symmetry. This residual discrete symmetry is then spontaneously broken through an MeV order vacuum expectation value $u$ of the singlet scalar field $S_3$. The resultant physical scalar spectrum has the Standard Model like Higgs as $\\chi_{{}_{{}_1}}$ with $M_{\\chi_{{}_{{}_1}}}\\sim 125$ GeV, a moderately heavy scalar $\\chi_{{}_{{}_2}}$...

Biswas, Anirban; Roy, Probir

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Atom penetration from a thin film into the substrate during sputtering by polyenergetic Ar{sup +} ion beam with mean energy of 9.4 keV  

SciTech Connect

Penetration of alien atoms (Be, Ni) into Be, Al, Zr, Si and diamond was investigated under Ar{sup +} ion bombardment of samples having thermally evaporated films of 30--50 nm. Sputtering was carried out using a wide energy spectrum beam of Ar{sup +} ions of 9.4 keV to dose D = 1 {times} 10{sup 16}--10{sup 19} ion/cm{sup 2}. Implanted atom distribution in the targets was measured by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) of H{sup +} and He{sup +} ions with energy of 1.6 MeV as well as secondary ion mass-spectrometry (SIMS). During the bombardment, the penetration depth of Ar atoms increases with dose linearly. This depth is more than 3--20 times deeper than the projected range of bombarding ions and recoil atoms. This is a deep action effect. The analysis shows that the experimental data for foreign atoms penetration depth are similar to the data calculated for atom migration through the interstitial site in a field of internal (lateral) compressive stresses created in the near-surface layer of the substrate as a result of implantation. Under these experimental conditions atom ratio r{sub i}/r{sub m} (r{sub i} -- radius of dopant, r{sub m} -- radius target of substrate) can play a principal determining role.

Kalin, B.A.; Gladkov, V.P.; Volkov, N.V.; Sabo, S.E. [Moscow Engineering Physics Inst. (Russian Federation)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

284

Learning to Apply Metrology Principles to the Measurement of X-ray Intensities in the 500 eV to 110 keV Energy Range  

SciTech Connect

National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), Livermore Operations, has two optical radiation calibration laboratories accredited by the National Voluntary Laboratories Accreditation Program (NVLAP) which is the accrediting body of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and is now working towards accreditation for its X-ray laboratories. NSTec operates several laboratories with X-ray sources that generate X-rays in the energy range from 50 eV to 115 keV. These X-ray sources are used to characterize and calibrate diagnostics and diagnostic components used by the various national laboratories, particularly for plasma analysis on the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) National Ignition Facility (NIF). Because X-ray photon flux measurement methods that can be accredited, i.e., traceable to NIST, have not been developed for sources operating in these energy ranges, NSTec, NIST, and the National Voluntary Accreditation Program (NVLAP) together have defined a path toward the development and validation of accredited metrology methods for X-ray energies. The methodology developed for the high energy X-ray (HEX) Laboratory was NSTecs starting point for X-ray metrology accreditation and will be the basis for the accredited processes in the other X-ray laboratories. This paper will serve as a teaching tool, by way of this example using the NSTec X-ray sources, for the process and methods used in developing an accredited traceable metrology.

Haugh, M. J.; Pond, T.; Silbernagel, C.; Torres, P.; Marlett, K.; Goldin, F.; Cyr, S.

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

285

Energy-Loss Spectra and Collision Cross Sections for Impact of 20-120-keV Positive Ions on Molecular Nitrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inelastic energy-loss spectra induced by impact of H+, H2+, and Ar+ on N2 have been measured at incident ion energies of 20-120 keV, with an energy resolution of about 2 eV. Prominent peaks are observed at energy losses of 9.5 and 13.8 eV. The first of these is well resolved and is attributed to excitation of the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) system of N2. The peak at 13.8 eV is believed due primarily to excitation of the b?u1 band of the Worley-Jenkins series. The locations of these features on the energy-loss scale do not agree with results of the electron impact work of others and, in general, show trends with projectile velocity that are consistent with an assumed enhancement of excitation to higher vibrational states with the heavier particles. Collision cross sections for excitation of the two peaks are presented, as well as the total ionization cross section and the cross section for total inelastic processes in the case of proton impact.

F. D. Schowengerdt and John T. Park

1970-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Determination of the absolute K through O conversion coefficients of the 80-keV M4 transition in Irm193  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We produced carrier-free, nearly isotopically pure Irm193 from thermal-neutron irradiation of Os192. From studies of the conversion-electron spectrum, the photon spectrum, and the absolute counting rates, we determined the absolute K, L1, L2, L3, M1, M3, M5, N, and O+P conversion coefficients for the first time. With possibly one exception, these values agree closely with theoretical calculations. The value for the energy of the unconverted gamma ray was found to be 80.220.02 keV. The half-life for Irm193 determined by absolute electron counting in a proportional counter of 100% counting efficiency (4??) was found to be 10.530.04 d. We have determined the L1 subshell fluorescence yield, ?1, to be 0.1200.003 for iridium. Based upon our measurements of initial and final L subshell vacancies together with a best-fit literature value for ?2, we have found a plausible value for the Coster-Kronig coefficient f12 to be 0.0910.011.

M. Lindner; R. Gunnink; R. J. Nagle

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

First observation of {alpha} decay of {sup 190}Pt to the first excited level (E{sub exc}=137.2 keV) of {sup 186}Os  

SciTech Connect

The {alpha} decays of naturally occurring platinum isotopes, which are accompanied by the emission of {gamma} quanta, have been searched for deep underground (3600 m water equivalent) at the Gran Sasso National Laboratories of the INFN (Italy). A sample of Pt with a mass of 42.5 g and a natural isotopic composition has been measured with a low background HP Ge detector (468 cm{sup 3}) during 1815 h. The {alpha} decay of {sup 190}Pt to the first excited level of {sup 186}Os (J{sup {pi}}=2{sup +}, E{sub exc}=137.2 keV) has been observed for the first time, with the half-life determined as T{sub 1/2}=2.6{sub -0.3}{sup +0.4}(stat.){+-}0.6(syst.)x10{sup 14} yr. The T{sub 1/2} limits for the {alpha} decays of other Pt isotopes have been determined at the level of T{sub 1/2}{approx_equal}10{sup 16}-10{sup 20} yr. These limits have been set for the first time or they are better than those known from earlier experiments.

Belli, P. [INFN, Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome (Italy); Bernabei, R. [INFN, Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome (Italy); Cappella, F. [INFN, Sezione di Roma La Sapienza, I-00185 Rome (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, I-00185 Rome (Italy); Cerulli, R.; Laubenstein, M.; Nisi, S. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, 67010 Assergi (AQ) (Italy); Danevich, F. A.; Nagorny, S. S.; Polischuk, O. G.; Tretyak, V. I. [Institute for Nuclear Research, MSP 03680 Kyiv (Ukraine); Incicchitti, A. [INFN, Sezione di Roma La Sapienza, I-00185 Rome (Italy)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Douglas Fair, '06 Salawa, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resisted the temptation to shake hands and exchange smiles with a white man (or woman). One Friday when of the Sisters' (with whom we lived and worked) . Our work was elementary, as was the whole clinic in general

289

Physics design of a 100 keV acceleration grid system for the diagnostic neutral beam for international tokamak experimental reactor  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the physics design of a 100 keV, 60 A H{sup -} accelerator for the diagnostic neutral beam (DNB) for international tokamak experimental reactor (ITER). The accelerator is a three grid system comprising of 1280 apertures, grouped in 16 groups with 80 apertures per beam group. Several computer codes have been used to optimize the design which follows the same philosophy as the ITER Design Description Document (DDD) 5.3 and the 1 MeV heating and current drive beam line [R. Hemsworth, H. Decamps, J. Graceffa, B. Schunke, M. Tanaka, M. Dremel, A. Tanga, H. P. L. De Esch, F. Geli, J. Milnes, T. Inoue, D. Marcuzzi, P. Sonato, and P. Zaccaria, Nucl. Fusion 49, 045006 (2009)]. The aperture shapes, intergrid distances, and the extractor voltage have been optimized to minimize the beamlet divergence. To suppress the acceleration of coextracted electrons, permanent magnets have been incorporated in the extraction grid, downstream of the cooling water channels. The electron power loads on the extractor and the grounded grids have been calculated assuming 1 coextracted electron per ion. The beamlet divergence is calculated to be 4 mrad. At present the design for the filter field of the RF based ion sources for ITER is not fixed, therefore a few configurations of the same have been considered. Their effect on the transmission of the electrons and beams through the accelerator has been studied. The OPERA-3D code has been used to estimate the aperture offset steering constant of the grounded grid and the extraction grid, the space charge interaction between the beamlets and the kerb design required to compensate for this interaction. All beamlets in the DNB must be focused to a single point in the duct, 20.665 m from the grounded grid, and the required geometrical aimings and aperture offsets have been calculated.

Singh, M. J. [ITER-India, Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India); De Esch, H. P. L. [CEA-Cadarache, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Single- and double-electron capture by 1-100-keV protons in collisions with magnesium and barium atoms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Absolute total cross sections for single- and double-electron capture by H+ in collisions with Mg and Ba have been measured for energies between 1 and 100 keV. The single-electron-capture cross section has also been calculated with the Gryzinski formalism of the classical binary-encounter approximation. The measured cross sections exhibit both high- and low-energy structure. The high-energy behavior is in accord with the Brinkman-Kramers results and classical predictions for the energy at which inner-shell capture becomes important. The low-energy behavior is discussed in terms of a molecular picture of the collision. The cross sections are shown to be critically dependent on curve-crossing effects which occur at avoided crossings between potential curves. At low energies the double-electron-capture cross section in Mg shows pronounced structure consistent with a description of the collision in terms of transitions via the intermediate H (1s) state. It is shown that this mechanism is not important in Ba, since curve crossings are expected to take place at internuclear separations too large for transitions to occur. A possible explanation for the decrease in single-electron-capture cross section in Ba at low energies is suggested in terms of competition from direct target-excitation collisions. For single-electron capture in Mg, recent low-energy perturbed-stationary-state calculations and high-energy classical-trajectory Monte Carlo calculations by Olson and Liu are in good agreement with experiment. The present classical binary-encounter approximation results for single-electron capture in both Mg and Ba agree with experiment to within a factor of 2 over the entire energy range. Measurements of single- and double-electron capture are also reported for Ar targets. A pronounced second maximum in the double-electron-capture cross section is found.

T. J. Morgan and F. J. Eriksen

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Tables and graphs of photon-interaction cross sections from 0. 1 keV to 100 MeV derived from the LLL evaluated-nuclear-data library  

SciTech Connect

Energy-dependent evaluated photon interaction cross sections and related parameters are presented for elements H through Cf(Z = 1 to 98). Data are given over the energy range from 0.1 keV to 100 MeV. The related parameters include form factors and average energy deposits per collision (with and without fluorescence). Fluorescence information is given for all atomic shells that can emit a photon with a kinetic energy of 0.1 keV or more. In addition, the following macroscopic properties are given: total mean free path and energy deposit per centimeter. This information is derived from the Livermore Evaluated-Nuclear-Data Library (ENDL) as of October 1978.

Plechaty, E.F.; Cullen, D.E.; Howerton, R.J.

1981-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

292

SPUTTERING AND MOLECULAR SYNTHESIS INDUCED BY 100 keV PROTONS IN CONDENSED CO{sub 2} AND RELEVANCE TO THE OUTER SOLAR SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

We present results on sputtering and radiation chemistry of CO{sub 2} films induced by 100 keV H{sup +} at 25 and 50 K. Using a quartz crystal microbalance, we measure a sputtering yield (SY) between {approx}10 and 20 CO{sub 2} equivalent per ion at 25 K. The yield at 50 K is similar to that at 25 K at low fluences, but increases to {approx}2400 by mid-10{sup 14} H{sup +} cm{sup -2} and declines at higher fluence. Irradiation to 1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} H{sup +} cm{sup -2} depletes {approx}85%-90% of the initial film mass at 50 K, compared to 3% at 25 K. In both cases, mass spectrometry shows that CO is the dominant constituent in the sputtered flux, followed by O{sub 2}, O, and CO{sub 2}. Using infrared spectroscopy, we monitor the depletion of CO{sub 2} and the accumulation of CO and O{sub 2} and minor species as O{sub 3} and CO{sub 3}. We determine G(-CO{sub 2}) = 2.6 {+-} 0.3, the number of CO{sub 2} destroyed per 100 eV at 25 K. A significant fraction of the radiolyzed CO and O{sub 2} are retained in the film at 25 K; only those near the surface are removed during irradiation, contributing to a smaller SY. At 50 K, CO and O{sub 2} are unstable along the 'hot' ion track and are expelled possibly from the entire depth of the film. Our results, and the lack of detection of CO in the exospheres around Rhea and Dione, show that the CO{sub 2} does not originate from sputtering, since otherwise the exosphere would be dominated by CO, the main molecule in the sputtered flux. We suggest that the exospheric CO{sub 2} is thermally released from an endogenic source.

Raut, U.; Baragiola, R. A. [Laboratory for Atomic and Surface Physics, University of Virginia, Thornton Hall B103, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

293

IonCCD for direct position-sensitive charged-particle detection: from electrons and keV ions to hyperthermal biomolecular ions  

SciTech Connect

A novel charged-particle sensitive, pixel based detector array is described and its usage is demonstrated for a variety of applications, from detection of elemental particles (electrons) to hyper-thermal large biomolecular positive and negative ions including keV light atomic and molecular ions. The array detector is a modified light-sensitive charged coupled device (CCD). The IonCCDTM was engineered for direct charged particle detection by replacing the semi-conductor part of the CCD pixel by a conductor1. In contrast with the CCD, where the semi-conductive pixel is responsible for electron-hole pair formation upon photon bombardment, the IonCCD uses a capacitor coupled to the conductive electrode for direct charge integration. The detector can be operated from atmospheric pressure to high vacuum since no high voltages are needed. The IonCCD, presented in this work is an array of 2126 active pixels with 21 um pixel width and 3 um pixel gap. The detection area is 1.5x51mm2 where 1.5 mm and 51 mm are pixel and detector array length, respectively. The result is a one-dimensional position-sensitive detector with 24 um spatial resolution and 88 % pixel area ratio (PAR). In this work we demonstrate the capabilities and the performance of the detector. For the first time we show the direct detection of 250 eV electrons providing linearity response and detection efficiency of the IonCCD as function of electron beam current. Using positive ions from and electron impact source (E-I), we demonstrate that the detection efficiency of the IonCCD is virtually independent of particle energy [250 eV, 1250 eV], particle impact angle [45o, 90o] and particle flux. By combining the IonCCD with a double focusing sector field of Mattauch-Herzog geometry (M-H), we demonstrate fast acquisition of mass spectra in direct air sniffing mode. A first step towards fast in vivo breath analysis is presented. Detection of hyper-thermal biomolecular ions produced using an electrospray ionization source (ESI) is presented. The IonCCD was used as beam profiler to characterize the beam shape and intensity of 15 eV protonated and deprotonated biomolecular ions at the exit of an RF only collisional quadrupole. We present simultaneous detection of 140 eV doubly protonated biomolecular ions when the IonCCD is combined with the M-H analyzer. The latter, demonstrates the possibility of simultaneous separation and micro-array deposition of biological material using a miniature sector field.

Hadjar, Omar; Johnson, Grant E.; Laskin, Julia; Kibelka, Gottfried; Shill, Scott M.; Kuhn, Ken; Cameron, Chad; Kassan, Scott

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Measurement of the 238U neutron-capture cross section and gamma-emission spectra from 10 eV to 100 keV using the DANCE detector at LANSCE  

SciTech Connect

A careful new measurement of the {sup 238}U(n,{gamma}) cross section from 10 eV to 100 keV has been made using the DANCE detector at LANSCE. DANCE is a 4{pi} calorimetric scintillator array consisting of 160 BaF{sub 2} crystals. Measurements were made on a 48 mg/cm{sup 2} depleted uranium target. The cross sections are in general good agreement with previous measurements. The gamma-ray emission spectra, as a function of gamma multiplicity, were also measured and compared to model calculations.

Ullmann, John L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Couture, A J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Keksis, A L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vieira, D J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; O' Donnell, J M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jandel, M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Haight, R C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rundberg, R S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kawano, T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chyzh, A [NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV; Baramsai, B [NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV; Wu, C Y [LLNL; Mitchell, G E [NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV; Becker, J A [LLNL; Krticka, M [CHARLES UNIV

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Living in Liminality: Chinese Migrancy in Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Konadu-Agyemang 2001a). Liberalisation policies to divestto said the economic liberalisation programme has broughtof privatisation, liberalisation, and deregulation. Chinas

Ho, Conal Guan-Yow

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Internal electron conversion of the isomeric {sup 57}Fe nucleus state with an energy of 14.4 keV excited by the radiation of the plasma of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse  

SciTech Connect

We recorded the spectrum of delayed secondary electrons ejected from the target, which was coated with a layer of iron enriched with the {sup 57}Fe isotope to 98%, under its irradiation by fluxes of broadband X-ray radiation and fast electrons from the plasma produced by a femtosecond laser pulse at an intensity of 10{sup 17} W cm{sup -2}. Maxima were identified at energies of 5.6, 7.2, and 13.6 keV in the spectrum obtained for a delay of 90 - 120 ns. The two last-listed maxima owe their origin to the internal electron conversion of the isomeric level with an energy of 14.4 keV and a lifetime of 98 ns to the K and L shells of atomic iron, respectively; the first-named level arises from a cascade K - L{sub 2}L{sub 3} Auger process. Photoexcitaion by the X-ray plasma radiation is shown to be the principal channel of the isomeric level excitation. (interaction of laser radiation with matter)

Golovin, G V; Savel'ev-Trofimov, Andrei B; Uryupina, D S; Volkov, Roman V [International Laser Center, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

297

Ghana: Western Ghana's Fisherfolk Starve Amid Algae Infestation BY JESSICA MCDIARMID, 18 APRIL 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that mats of Sargassum accumulate wherever ocean currents take them. The influx in Africa and elsewhere that oceanic currents or eddies are closer to shore than usual. Persistent onshore winds can also help create of the North Atlantic Ocean - is named due to the large accumulations there. In the past year, it has been

Belogay, Eugene A.

298

The Millennium Gas project aims to undertake smoothed-particle hydrodynamic resimulations of the Millennium Simulation, providing many hundred massive galaxy clusters for comparison with X-ray surveys (170 clusters with kTsl > 3 keV). This paper looks at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Abstract The Millennium Gas project aims to undertake smoothed-particle hydrodynamic-ray surveys (170 clusters with kTsl > 3 keV). This paper looks at the hot gas and stellar fractions-core systems but are successful in matching the hot gas profiles of non-cool-core clusters. Although

Thomas, Peter

299

Innovation Dynamics and Agricultural Biotechnology in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??abstract__Abstract__ Modern agricultural biotechnology is being flaunted in global policy de-bates as a powerful technology for improving agricultural productivity and food security in Africa. These (more)

H.S. Odame (Hannington)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Poverty and health care demand in Kenya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a wide range of actions an individual could take when sick or injured such as selfcare, consulting a traditional healer, or seeking treatment from a private or public health care facility. The specif...

Japheth Osotsi Awiti

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Christmas disease and haemophilia in Kenya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Christmas disease and haemophilia are thought to be rare in the African, but this paper reports 5 cases of Christmas disease and 5 of haemophilia in Kenyan Africans. With improvement in diagnostic facilities more cases will probably come to light.

Charles D. Forbes; Norman MacKay; Ashfaq Alam Khan

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

National Action Programmes on Desertification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programmes on Desertification Programmes on Desertification Jump to: navigation, search Name National Action Programmes on Desertification Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.unccd.int/actionpro Country Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

303

Drying Affects Artemisinin, Dihydroartemisinic Acid, Artemisinic Acid, and the Antioxidant Capacity of Artemisia annua L. Leaves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A. annua is also grown in Brazil, Ghana, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda, with an estimated (2009) cultivated area of 4000 ha for China, 500 ha for Vietnam, and 2000 ha total for Africa, with an estimated total of 143?180 tons of ART (including production from the wild, previously, and currently planted areas) but still short of the 200 tons required to meet the 2009/2010 demand and to replenish current stocks (2). ... Minimal (min) and maximum (max) temperatures were from a weather station exposed to 100% sun (thermometers were protected from solar radiation). ...

Jorge F. S. Ferreira; Devanand L. Luthria

2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

304

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Name Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Co-benefits assessment, Finance Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials Website http://www.forestcarbonpartner Country Argentina, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of Congo, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Indonesia, Kenya, Laos, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Republic of the Congo, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam

305

UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning Country Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa, Ukraine

306

ashanti region ghana: Topics by E-print Network  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

STRATEGIESAREAS organizations, student government, campus publications, or community service projects. Take courses New Hampshire, University of 172 Three-region vacuum...

307

Ghana-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

support from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The Programme will prepare developing countries to effectively and...

308

Marine Magnetic Data Processing In Equatorial Regions Off Ghana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......equatorial region. The heading effect of the ship's magnetic field and strong...equatorial region. The heading effect of the ship's magnetic field and strong...anomaly interpretation. The effects of the ship's heading on the field strength......

S. K. Buchanan; R. A. Scrutton; R. A. Edwards; R. B. Whitmarsh

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Ghana-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap,...

310

Prefabricated housing, a solution for Ghana's housing shortage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sub-Saharan Africa has been experiencing phenomenal population growth since the beginning of the 20th Century, following several centuries of population stagnation attributable to the slave trade and colonization. The ...

Essienyi, Evans K. (Evans Kofi)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

How do rms organize trade? Evidence from Ghana Jens Krger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at how rms organize their export trade. If selling directly, sunk costs of foreign market entry, by contrast, may prefer to export through trading companies, which involves lower sunk costs. Using a rm level

Krivobokova, Tatyana

312

Microsoft PowerPoint - KE EIA21.ppt  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Copyright: Copyright: SIPC LNG: Demand opportunities and supply challenges Kathleen Eisbrenner Executive Vice-President, Global LNG Shell Gas & Power EIA 2008 Energy Conference Washington D.C., 7 th April 2008 The energy challenge * Population growth * Economic growth * More affluent society * End of 'easy oil' * Resource nationalism * More unconventionals * Hydrocarbons remain dominant * CO2 consequences 1. RISING DEMAND 2. SECURITY OF SUPPLY 3. ENVIRONMENT & SOCIETY Major economies are climbing the energy ladder The growing role of LNG 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 2000 2006 2010 2020 TCF Indigenous & Pipeline Imports LNG % increase over 2000 344% 53% Sources: BP Statistical Review 2007, CERA 2006, EIA 2006 Global market developments Shell analysis TODAY 2012 29 2012 LNG importers # Countries 70.6% 17

313

Modular Stochastic HPSGs for Question Vlado Ke selj  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to implementations in procedural program- ming languages than the previous approaches. We de#12;ne grammar modules be successfully used with a classical information retrieval search engine. vii #12; We describe an implementation of the HPSG for- malism is de#12;ned and implemented in the parser. The parser uses known techniques for e

Keselj, Vlado

314

SocLaKE: Social Latent Knowledge Explorator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......20092011, The Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education the research project, 20102013...2004) Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age. W. W...to Find the Path to Experts. Poster Presentation at the ACM GROUP......

Grzegorz Kukla; Przemyslaw Kazienko; Piotr Brdka; Tomasz Filipowski

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Compton scattering of 20- to 40-keV photons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scattered-energy spectra of monochronized synchrotron-radiation photons toward 90 by C, Al, Fe, Cu, Au, and Pb samples were measured using high-purity Ge detectors to obtain incoherent scattering function (S) in the 1.14

Y. Namito; S. Ban; H. Hirayama; N. Nariyama; H. Nakashima; Y. Nakane; Y. Sakamoto; N. Sasamoto; Y. Asano; S. Tanaka

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Secondary ion emission under keV carbon cluster bombardment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the impact energy 52 4-3 (A) Negative secondary ion yield per amu of Phe as a function of impact velocity, (B) enlarged view of the secondary ion yield per amu of Phe as a function of impact velocity.... 53 4-4 Secondary ion yield per amu of H - as a function of projectile impact velocity from a phenylalanine sample 55 4-5 Secondary ion yield per amu of D - as a function of projectile impact velocity from a phenylalanine...

Locklear, Jay Edward

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

317

DEVELOPMENT OF 120 keV NEUTRAL BEAM INJECTORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat load and the heat capacity of the grids determine thepulse. To measure the heat load to the grids we fabricated lines; the average heat load to each grid could thus be

Berkner, K.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Vascular plant flora of Kiboko Range Research Station, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

abundance (rare, common, abundant) of each species encountered. A species was regarded as rare if 16 it occurred very infrequently along the transect, for in- stance if walking along the transect a species was seen only once or twice, with little... abundance (rare, common, abundant) of each species encountered. A species was regarded as rare if 16 it occurred very infrequently along the transect, for in- stance if walking along the transect a species was seen only once or twice, with little...

Ndiang'ui, Ndegwa Wa

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

319

Greenhouse Gas Implications of Household Energy Technology in Kenya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-3050, Risk, Resource, and Environmental Management Division, Resources for the Future, 1616 P Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20036, and Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7320 ... Household energy policy is further complicated because charcoal markets in many sub-Saharan African countries operate within a complex political economy that can be hard to characterize and still more difficult to regulate. ... While charcoal consumption carries a larger burden of GHG emissions than firewood use, it also has more potential to attract investment in GHG mitigation activities. ...

Rob Bailis; Majid Ezzati; Daniel M. Kammen

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Changing times, changing places: AIDS orphans in Kisumu District, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or younger) in Kisumu District had lost one or both parents; by the end of 2009 the number had almost doubled a child's parents die when living in urban areas, the child is sent to the rural villages that their parents originally came from. A study in Kisumu District found, however, that mos

Richner, Heinz

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The So-Called National Bourgeoisie in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dar es Salaam, van Zwaneberg argued that the new bourgeoisie has been instrumental in releasing the creative energies

Campbell, Horace

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

LEDSGP/about/African Climate and Development Society | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

African Climate and Development Society African Climate and Development Society < LEDSGP‎ | about(Redirected from African Climate and Development Society) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us About How We Work > Regional Platforms > Working Groups LEDS GP Members Steering Committee Guiding Structure Contacts African Climate Development Society A LEDS GP Regional Network Lead organizations: Africa Climate Policy Centre (ACPC), Kenya Ministry of State for Planning, National Development and Vision 2030 Member organizations: Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), Energy Center of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology of Ghana, European Commission, Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI),

323

The Bui Dam impact on Ghana-China relations : transparency, accountability and development outcomes from China's Sino Hydro Dam Project in Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current Afro-Chinese relations on development projects in Sub Saharan Africa has come under a lot of scrutiny, with some experts in the South-to-South relationship discourse claiming the above short-gun-marriage will ...

Habia, James K

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

IRD/T. Jaffr IRD/M.Dukhan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

presupuestario al 31/12/2004 BURKINA FASO CONGO KENYA MALÍ NIGER MADAGASCAR LAOS BURKINA FASO CONGO KENYA MALÍ

325

Efficacy of gravity-fed chlorination system for community-scale water disinfection in northern Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although chlorine is one of the lowest cost ways of providing disinfection, currently billions of people lack drinking water that has had this simple treatment. Arch Chemical's Pulsar 1 unit is an innovation in chlorine ...

Fitzpatrick, Daniel Cash

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and organizational long-term commitment to furthering energy efficiency.organizational environment. The approach for appliance energy efficiency

Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

"Hewers of Wood, Carriers of Water": Islam, Class, and Politics on the Eve of Ghana's Independence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of historical hindsight and armed with recently declassified colonial documentation, histo- rians are beginning and Oppenheimer, 1968). Understandably drawn to the dynamism and historical destiny of the CPP chroniclers. Yet there is much about the MAPthat warrants a second look. According to J. H. Price, the only

Subramanian, Venkat

328

Household Segmentation in Food Insecurity and Soil Improving Practices in Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

secure household, and households farming medium quality soil increase the probability of adopting soil improving practices. Application of chemical fertilizers, commercial seeds, and pesticides, along with operating under a seasonal lease tenure...

Nata, Jifar T

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

329

Monitoring effective use of household water treatment and safe storage technologies in Ethiopia and Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Household water treatment and storage (HWTS) technologies dissemination is beginning to scale-up to reach the almost 900 million people without access to an improved water supply (WHO/UNICEF/JMP, 2008). Without well-informed ...

Stevenson, Matthew M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Public exposure to hazards associated with natural radioactivity in open-pit mining in Ghana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......uranium and non-uranium mines(2,4...the long-lived uranium/radium and thorium...made between the standard and the sample...Anglogold Ashanti. Review of Operations...Community Development Plan, Iduapriem and...International Basic Safety Standards (BSS) for protection......

E. O. Darko; A. Faanu; A. R. Awudu; G. Emi-Reynolds; J. Yeboah; O. C. Oppon; E. H. K. Akaho

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Water quality analysis of the piped water supply in Tamale, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United Nation's Millennium Development Goal Target 7.C is to "halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water". While the UN claimed to have met this goal, studies ...

Hansen, Allison Jean

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Business Information: Refrigerators, URL: http://www.gobi.co.uk/page42.htm International Energy Agency (2005) IEA Energy Statistics,

Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Slavernij in perspectief: Mondialisering en erfgoed in Suriname, Ghana, Zuid-Afrika en Curaao.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??abstractScherpe concurrentie dreef vanaf de vijftiende eeuw een aantal opkomende Europese naties tot intercontinentale scheepvaart, de bezetting van overzeese gebieden en de onderwerping van overzeese (more)

V.T. Smeulders (Valika)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Implementation of dose management system at radiation protection board of Ghana Atomic Energy Commission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......12-20. 7 Occupational Radiation Protection. Radiation Protection and Safety Guide. (2002) GRPB-G3...International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements...system (DMS) is a computer software developed by the International......

F. Hasford; J. K. Amoako; E. O. Darko; G. Emi-Reynolds; E. K. Sosu; F. Otoo; G. O. Asiedu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Profil de poste Reprsentant (e) de l'IRD au Bnin, Ghana, Nigeria et Togo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISO 9001 et qui dispose d'une régie, emploie 10 personnels locaux permanents et accueille le bureau du

336

Dear Friends, As you may know, I spenttwo weeks in June 2010 in Accra, Ghana giving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was curious to see a bit of Africa, and I thoughtI might be able to do something useful there. How? I met for moreinformation. Whocame? Oy that's a hard question. Different people at different times. Mphil (Master people came to all meetings. The restmay havegained something, butthat "something" mustbe more cultural

Bar-Natan, Dror

337

Human Exposure to Foodborne Toxins in Ghana: Intervention Strategy for Reduction of Aflatoxin and Fumonisin Bioavailability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

......................................................................................18 1.1.8 Human exposure in Africa .............................................................................21 1.1.9 AFB1 metabolism ...........................................................................................25... of exposure .................................................................................48 1.2.7 Regulation ......................................................................................................49 1.3 AFB1/FB1 co...

Mitchell, Nicole Jean

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

338

Public exposure to hazards associated with natural radioactivity in open-pit mining in Ghana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......addition, the wastes are in most...monitoring and control of NORMS in...monitoring and control of NORMS in...collected from the plant areas and other...tailings from the wastes dumps. The...wells and water treatment plants for...the detector system at the peak...for adults integrated over a period......

E. O. Darko; A. Faanu; A. R. Awudu; G. Emi-Reynolds; J. Yeboah; O. C. Oppon; E. H. K. Akaho

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Radiation doses and hazards from processing of crude oil at the Tema oil refinery in Ghana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......petroleum products and wastes at the Tema oil refinery...radionuclides in the wastes than the crude oil and...monitoring to establish long-term effect on both public...accumulate at the bottom of storage tanks, tubings and other...uncontrolled release of waste containing TENORM, concentrated......

E. O. Darko; D. O. Kpeglo; E. H. K. Akaho; C. Schandorf; P. A. S. Adu; A. Faanu; E. Abankwah; H. Lawluvi; A. R. Awudu

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Entrepreneurial Tech-Ed. : using technology to fuel income generation education in rural Ghana/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates how decentralization of development occurs through merging small-scale technology hubs into the rural West African fabric by integrating with the secondary school system. This model redefines the ...

Rossman, Breanna Faye

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

also purchases electricity from private generators throughof electricity supply organizations (i.e. private, public,

Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Potential of wind-powered renewable energy membrane systems for Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Areas of the world that lack fresh water often have an ample supply of wind or solar energy, making renewable energy an attractive option as a power source for desalination systems. Particularly, wind energy is attractive because of its relatively...

Park, G.L.; Schfer, Andrea; Richard, B.S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Frequent Recovery and Broad Genotype 2 Diversity Characterize Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Ghana, West Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Hepatitis Prevention Board, Antwerp, Belgium...epidemiological review. J. Viral Hepat...two decades after recovery from a single-source...223-235. Frequent recovery and broad genotype...by a high rate of recovery and the predominance...genotype 2 strains. | National Blood Service...

Daniel Candotti; Jillian Temple; Francis Sarkodie; Jean-Pierre Allain

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Guinea Worm Advance Ghana has passed a milestone in its ef-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

microfluidic chip) allows for early detection of infectious diseases in resource-limited and remote regions

Adams, Mark

345

Understanding the Zongo : processes of socio-spatial marginalization in Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spatial processes of marginalization and ghettoization have been described, labeled, and theorized extensively in the United States and Europe, yet there has been little research dedicated to these processes in the ...

Williamson, Emily Anne

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The potential of energy efficiency measures in micro and small scale businesses in Kumasi-Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In industry, energy efficiency reduces operating cost and emissions to the environment whiles enhancing energy security. In order to ensure the sustainability of micro (more)

Kuranchie, Francis Atta

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

A REVIEW OF THE FORESTRY SECTOR IN GHANA Ben N. Donkor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of continued underfunding. As a result, a working group drawn from Government, the private sector most ITTO member countries managed their own forests according to individual management plans, the Year initiatives geared towards improving woodworking skills which improve utilization efficiency. Export of air

348

K->e nu decays and lepton flavor violation searches with Kaons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent Kaon decay studies seeking lepton-flavor violating (LFV) new-physics effects are briefly discussed. The main focus is set on precise measurements of rare or not-so-rare decays aiming at finding evidence of deviations from the SM prediction rather than on the results from direct searches of LFV transitions forbidden or ultra-rare in the SM.

T. Spadaro

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Phenomenological description of neutron capture cross sections at 30 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studying published data of Maxwellian averaged neutron capture cross sections, we found simple phenomenological rules obeyed by the cross sections as a function of proton and neutron number. We use these rules to make predictions for cross sections of neutron capture on nuclei with proton number above 83, where very few data are available.

Miklos Kiss; Zoltan Trocsanyi

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

New Bounds for Axions and Axion-Like Particles with keV-GeV Masses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give updated constraints on hypothetical light bosons with a two-photon coupling such as axions or axion-like particles (ALPs). We focus on masses and lifetimes where decays happen near big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN), thus altering the baryon-to-photon ratio and number of relativistic degrees of freedom between the BBN epoch and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) last scattering epoch, in particular such that $N_{\\rm eff}^{\\rm CMB} 3\\sigma$ by the combination of CMB+D/H measurements if only ALPs and three thermalized neutrino species contribute to $N_{\\rm eff}$. The bound relaxes if there are additional light degrees of freedom present which, in this scenario, have their contribution limited to $\\Delta N_{\\rm eff}=1.1\\pm0.3$. We give forecasts showing that a number of experiments are expected to reach the sensitivity needed to further test this region, such as Stage-IV CMB and SUPER-KEKB, the latter a direct test insensitive to any extra degrees of freedom.

Millea, Marius; Fields, Brian

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Heliospheric Energetic Particle Reservoirs: Ulysses and ACE 175-315 keV Electron Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

there is also the additional and dominant contribution from the radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG

Sanahuja, Blai

352

HealtH researcH the KeMriWellcome trust  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of people with sickle-cell disease to define the natural history of the disease and to improve treatment-infectious diseases such as epilepsy, sickle-cell disease and malnutrition · pathogen and vector biology, involving

Rambaut, Andrew

353

Supernova explosions, 511 keV photons, gamma ray bursts and mirror matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are three astroparticle physics puzzles which fire the imagination: the origin of the ``Great Positron Producer'' in the galactic bulge, the nature of the gamma-ray bursts central engine and the mechanism of supernova explosions. We show that the mirror matter model has the potential to solve all three of these puzzles in one beautifully simple strike.

R. Foot; Z. K. Silagadze

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

354

Evaluation of structural issues related to isolation of the 100-KE/100-KW discharge chute  

SciTech Connect

The issue of excessive post-seismic leakage in the discharge chute of the K East and K West fuel storage basins was resolved by designing isolation barriers to maintain basin water levels if the discharge chute should drain. This report addresses the structural issues associated with isolation of the discharge chute. The report demonstrates the structural adequacy of the components associated with chute isolation for normal and seismic loading. Associated issues, such as hardware drop accidents and seismic slosh heights are also addressed.

Winkel, B.V.; Hyde, L.L.

1995-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

355

E-Print Network 3.0 - attoskala ke atas Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

String get e etu ata e ; 1 1 u l c e t an e et e t String e etu ata get e ; 1 18... dleHello essa es.java u l c class Hello essa es e te ds a e r e n e 8 u l c e e age 1 ata t " "...

356

Ke iko H. Hattori Jerey D. Keith Contribution of mac melt to porphyry copper mineralization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mineralization: evidence from Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, and Bingham Canyon, Utah, USA Received: 15 April 2001 Canyon, Utah, site of the largest copper and gold deposit in North America at 38 Ma. The Bingham Canyon and selenium (Hattori 1993, 1996). We suggest that a sim- ilar process took place at 38 Ma at Bingham Canyon

357

Application of the ``Ke'' model to open channel flows in a magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,* , Mohamed Abdou a , Neil Morley a , Alice Ying a , Tomoaki Kunugi b a Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering-133 Engineering IV, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1597, USA b Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyoto University, Japan-conductivity fluids such as molten salts. In the present study, the ``K­e'' model equations for turbulent flows

Abdou, Mohamed

358

Tezaver slovenskega ljudskega jezika na Korokem dokaz ivosti grake slavistike  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

do K, v pripravi je sedmi zvezek od L do M), v drugem pa kartografiranje posameznih diatopnih sinonimov na avstrijskem Korokem. The article deals with the long-term dialectological project of creat- ing a lexical inventory of the Slovene... zurck gegen Norden bis an die Mur, und von Hermagor westlich hinauf bis nach Luggau, so hat die Annahme des Vorrckens Deutscher Sprache alle Jahrhundert um eine Stunde beinahe Gewissheit erlangt (Jarnik 1826). Dandanes povzro?ajo germanizacijo...

Karni?ar, Ludvik

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Choosing and Using Safe Water Technologies: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in keeping demand for water purification systems low amongand household water purification behaviors. We hypothesize

Luoto, Jill Emily

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rechargeable [1] ? Dry Cell Batteries [2] If you preferhow often do you charge? If it uses dry cell batteries, whattype of batteries AND how often do you replace them? ?

Tracy, Jenny

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Geopolitical influences on German development policies in Africa and AIDS policies in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the beginning of the twenty-first century Germany geopolitics can be characterized by its grand strategy as a civilian power. Germany has come to depend on a civilianized international system based on multilateralism, international institutions...

Bachmann, Veit

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

362

Insecticide-treated net (ITN) ownership, usage, and malaria transmission in the highlands of western Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

treated net (ITN) ownership, usage, and malaria transmissionand mortality. However, usage varies among households, andsuch variations in actual usage may seriously limit the

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we performed a market trial of off-grid LED lighting products in Maai Mahiu, arural Kenyan town. Our goals were to assess consumer demand and consumer preferences with respect to off-grid lighting systems and to gain feedback from off-grid lighting users at the point of purchase and after they have used to products for some time.

Tracy, Jennifer; Alstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

364

Causes and Consequences of Employee Turnover in a Financial Institution in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Fredrick M. Nafukho Homer Tolson Committee Members, Jia Wang Charles Samuelson Head of Department, Fredrick M. Nafukho May 2011 Major Subject... also thank my committee members, Dr. Jia Wang and Dr. Charles Samuelson, for their thoughtful insights and comments that made the research a success. Thanks also go to the department faculty for the academic preparation they provided during...

Obiero, Dan

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

365

Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps  

SciTech Connect

Creation of light for work, socializing, and general illumination is a fundamental application of technology around the world. For those who lack access to electricity, an emerging and diverse range of LED based lighting products hold promise for replacing and/or augmenting their current fuel-based lighting sources that are costly and dirty. Along with analysis of environmental factors, economic models for total cost-ofownership of LED lighting products are an important tool for studying the impacts of these products as they emerge in markets of developing countries. One important metric in those models is the minimum illuminance demanded by end-users for a given task before recharging the lamp or replacing batteries. It impacts the lighting service cost per unit time if charging is done with purchased electricity, batteries, or charging services. The concept is illustrated in figure 1: LED lighting products are generally brightest immediately after the battery is charged or replaced and the illuminance degrades as the battery is discharged. When a minimum threshold level of illuminance is reached, the operational time for the battery charge cycle is over. The cost to recharge depends on the method utilized; these include charging at a shop at a fixed price per charge, charging on personal grid connections, using solar chargers, and purchasing dry cell batteries. This Research Note reports on the observed"charge-triggering" illuminance level threshold for night market vendors who use LED lighting products to provide general and task oriented illumination. All the study participants charged with AC power, either at a fixed-price charge shop or with electricity at their home.

Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan; Radecsky, Kristen

2009-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

366

Essays on Dynamics of Cattle Prices in Three Developing Countries of Mali, Kenya, and Tanzania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the growing agricultural subsectors in developing countries is livestock. Livestock and livestock products account for a third of the agricultural gross output. However, the lack of viable livestock market information systems to increase...

Bizimana, Jean-Claude

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

367

Landscape determinants and remote sensing of anopheline mosquito larval habitats in the western Kenya highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

copper mine [14] and in Dar es Salaam in Tanzania [15,16].mos- quiotoes in Dar es Salaam using community sanitationcontrol: a case study in dar es salaam, Tanzania. Am J Trop

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Evaluation of two methods of estimating larval habitat productivity in western Kenya highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scale intervention in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Malar J 2009,mosquitoes in urban Dar es Salaam: Evaluation of resting

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

On self-help in a site and services project in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concept of self-help in a site and services project is based on the assumption that given the security of land tenureship_, an owner-builder can manage the whole process of house implementation. Generally, in any ...

Soni, Praful Naran

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

ANTHROPOGENIC FIRES, FOREST RESOURCES, AND LOCAL LIVELIHOODS AT CHYULU HILLS, KENYA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Anthropogenic fires are rife in rural Africa as people use fire to modify landscapes for their livelihoods. Although burning occurs as a very significant practice (more)

Kamau, Peter Ngugi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shift from conventional incandescent technology to modernby dry cell batteries, incandescent flashlights powered by aSLA battery, and incandescent flashlights powered by dry

Tracy, Jenny

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

people reported using an incandescent dry cell flashlightpurchasers. TypeofLight Incandescent LEDdrycell LEDLED rechargeable, and incandescent dry cell flashlights were

Tracy, Jennifer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

The diversity, distribution and feeding behavior of solifuges (arachnida; solifugae) in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that were led and organized during this study were discussed, detailing the importance of science outreach as the bridge between research and the general public. All solifuges used in the feeding study ate the termites that were used as a behavioral control...

Reddick, Kristie Lynn

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

Effects of prescribed seasonal burning on a Combretum-Commiphora plant community in South Central Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/2500sr OEAO STEMS/2500m' 0 Zs el M 00 roe 0 lo 20 50 PLANT HEIGHT fm) 0 I CAHOPT UITEACEPT Iml 0 5 10 C' HOV JAH isa MAA ~ Pre-bum value ~ Post-burn velum LaVel Of Slsnlfleanue r * 5'/ 0 IO'0 Duosperma kilimandsctzaricum Fig . PLAHIS/2500m.../2500sr OEAO STEMS/2500m' 0 Zs el M 00 roe 0 lo 20 50 PLANT HEIGHT fm) 0 I CAHOPT UITEACEPT Iml 0 5 10 C' HOV JAH isa MAA ~ Pre-bum value ~ Post-burn velum LaVel Of Slsnlfleanue r * 5'/ 0 IO'0 Duosperma kilimandsctzaricum Fig . PLAHIS/2500m...

Kinyamario, Jenesio Ikindu

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

375

Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

choice to not purchase the solar panel. Each of the productsaccompanying polycrystalline solar panel varied considerablyBattery Capacity (mAh) 4 Solar Panel Rating (watts) 6 (H)

Tracy, Jennifer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Establishment and evaluation of a livestock early warning system for Laikipia, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: ___________________________ ___________________________ Jerry W. Stuth Urs Kreuter... of the PHYGROW estimate of standing crop to the actual clipped standing crop at each monitoring point????.. 14 Regression of PHYGROW standing crop estimate on actual standing crop. All thirty monitoring points included...???? 15 Regression of PHYGROW...

Ryan, Zola

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

377

Triple L -Land, Livestock and Livelihood Dynamics in Dryland Systems, West Pokot, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of changing population density and structure, climate, market and socio-political conditions, and technology and justification Drylands cover around 40% of the world and host around 1/3 of its population (CRP 1.1 Dryland semiarid and arid areas of Africa, recent years have witnessed dynamic processes (driven by a combination

378

Florida Arbovirus Surveillance Week 23: June 3-9, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Ecuador, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti (4), Jamaica, Mexico, Suriname, and Turks & Caicos. Counties reporting cases

Watson, Craig A.

379

The Effects of Tillage, Cropping and Fertilization on Extractable Soil Nutrients in Four Agro-Ecosystems in Ghana, West Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

two quantified the effect of three triple super phosphate applications and six urea or compost applications. Two years after treatments commenced, soils were collected from a depth of 15 cm, air dried and sieved to 2 mm prior to acid extraction...

Davies, Benjamin

2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

380

The effects of an intermittent piped water network and storage practices on household water quality in Tamale, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United Nations Millennium Development Goals include a target to halve the number of people without access to "improved" water sources, which include piped water supply. However, an "improved" source of water does not ...

Vacs Renwick, Deborah Alexandra

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The Status of Mental Health Care in Ghana, West Africa and Signs of Progress in the Greater Accra Region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

education by discussing mental health issues on the air, radio, and newspapers and by posting small posters

Fournier, Olivia A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Market organisation and the process of economic development: the case of the partially liberalised cocoa market in Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Within the last twenty years the link between market organisation and development has come under increased scrutiny in response to the implementation of World Bank (more)

Granleese, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

NETHERLANDS SWITZERLAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PERU BRAZIL SOUTH AFRICA FRENCH GUIANA SURINAME GUYANA ETHIOPIA KENYA ERITREA EGYPTLIBYA NIGER MALI ECUADOR VENEZUELA PERU BRAZIL SOUTH AFRICA FRENCH GUIANA SURINAME GUYANA ETHIOPIA KENYA ERITREA EGYPTLIBYA

384

High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project SWERA Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): To expand the world wide use of renewable energy a consistent, reliable, verifiable, and easily accessible database of solar energy resources is needed. Within the UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) Project SWERA (Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment, http://swera.unep.net), funded by GEF (Global Environment Facility), a global database of solar and wind energy resources will be set up. SWERA will provide, beside the wind products, global horizontal irradiance, which is mostly used to plan photovoltaic systems, and direct normal irradiance, which is needed for solar concentrating systems. For selected countries throughout the world, additionally high resolution data will be produced which is required to plan solar energy systems in detail. Within SWERA, the partners DLR, SUNY and INPE calculate solar irradiance with high temporal resolution of 1 hour and with a spatial resolution of 10km x 10km. By processing data from geostationary satellites we provide solar irradiance data for Cuba, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Brazil, Ghana, Ethiopia, Kenya, China, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bangladesh. In this paper we describe the ongoing work of developing this high resolution solar irradiance tx_metadatatool and cross-checking of the used solar irradiance algorithms for various satellite data.

385

Field performance of a nephelometer in rural kitchens: effects of high humidity excursions and correlations to gravimetric analyses (Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2006)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from domestic biomass combustion in rural Mexico.pollution from biomass combustion in Kenya. Environmental

Fischer, Susan L; Koshland, Catherine P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Estimation of 235U concentration in some depleted uranium samples by high resolution gamma-ray spectrometry using 185 keV and 1001 keV gamma-energies of 235U and 234mPa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The identification of isotopic composition of depleted uranium obtained after the reprocessing of spent fuel...235U in the reprocessed uranium will be lower and their depletion depends ... of the reactor and burn...

S. Anilkumar; A. K. Deepa; K. Narayani

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

ANL/APS/LS-313 Short-Period APPLE II Undulator for Generating 12-15 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation Center, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-0046, Japan Rev. 3, November 25, 2009: Edited by C. Eyberger a zero-emittance electron beam, all radiation on-axis above the first harmonic will be zero). However APPLE II design. In this note, we present magnet design calculations and radiation calculations

Kemner, Ken

388

Enhanced room temperature oxidation in silicon and porous silicon under 10 keV x-ray irradiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is monitored by ellipsometry and interferometric reflectance spectroscopy. Fourier transform infrared FTIR samples used in this work were boron doped p-type Si 100 , 0.01­0.02 cm. Porous silicon films were solution to remove the native oxide and subse- quently rinsed with de-ionized water and dried under nitro

Weiss, Sharon

389

Versatile Silicon Photodiode Detector Technology for Scanning Electron Microscopy with High-Efficiency Sub-5 keV Electron Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Versatile Silicon Photodiode Detector Technology for Scanning Electron Microscopy with High for Scanning Electron Microscopy, based on ultrashallow p+ n boron-layer photodiodes, features nm-thin anodes, closely-packed photodiodes and through-wafer apertures allow flexible configurations for optimal material

Technische Universiteit Delft

390

Molecular dynamics simulation of radiation damage in CaCd6 quasicrystal cubic approximant up to 10 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Finland 2 Department of Mathematics and Physics, Lappeenranta University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FIN-53851 Lappeenranta, Finland 3 Science and Technology on Surface Physics and Chemistry Laboratory, P

Nordlund, Kai

391

Bridging the gaps in design methodologies by evolutionary optimization of the stability and proficiency of designed Kemp eliminase KE59  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...design process involved protein free energy minimization. Because mutations are destabilizing...6827 . 7 Thorn SN Daniels RG Auditor MT Hilvert D ( 1995 ) Large rate accelerations...perform in calculating conformational energies of organic and biological molecules...

Olga Khersonsky; Gert Kiss; Daniela Rthlisberger; Orly Dym; Shira Albeck; Kendall N. Houk; David Baker; Dan S. Tawfik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The Determination of Absolute Intensity of 234mPa's 1001 keV Gamma Emission Using Monte Carlo Simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Granulated glass with uranium content (chemical compo...2 Institute of Public Health Cluj Napoca, Louis Pasteur...composition of the glass with uranium content. Substance Molar...line intensities for depleted uranium. Radiat. Eff. and......

Robert-Csaba Begy; Constantin Cosma; Alida Timar; Dan Fulea

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Measurements of relativistic effects in collective Thomson scattering at electron temperatures less than 1 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thomson scattering on the NIF . . 7.1.2 Electron featureon reduced-scale targets at the nif and omega lasers, Janparameter. . . . . . . Figure 1.2: A NIF Au hohlraum target

Ross, James Steven

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Optimization of the In-Silico-Designed Kemp Eliminase KE70 by Computational Design and Directed Evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of designed enzymes are still orders of magnitude lower than those of naturally occurring ones. Nonetheless; ESRF, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2011.01.041 J. Mol. Biol. (2011) 407

Baker, David

395

FHBS calculation of ionized electron angular and energy distribution following the p+H collision at 20 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the following Schr? equa- tion ( D2 1r ) c(r) = E c(r): (2.6) The solution to the 1s ground state wave function is j0 >= 2e r Y0;0: (2.7) 11 There are two solutions for a scattering state with momentum k, namely c(+)k (r) = ep=2kG(1 i=k)e ik rF(i=k;1;ikr +ik r... l0 and m0 in Eq. (2.38), thus = ?? l=0 Z ? 0 Cl rl eikr F(l +1+in;2l +2; 2ikr) il(2l +1) jl(Qr) ( 1)l 2e r p4p r2dr( 1)l (4p) 2 (2l +1)2 ?m= lY lm(Q)Ylm(k): (2.42) De ne integral Il(k;Q) = Z ? 0 rl eikr F(l +1+in...

Fu, Jun

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

396

Measurements of relativistic effects in collective Thomson scattering at electron temperatures less than 1 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

basis for laser- plasma interactions in ignition hohlraumslaser-beam propagation through high- temperature ignitionlaser-target coupling efficiency it significantly improves implosion symmetry. The indirect drive approach to ignition

Ross, James Steven

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

INELASTIC PROCESSES IN 0.11000 keV/u COLLISIONS OF Ne q+ (q=710) IONS WITH ATOMIC HYDROGEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the divertor plasma are predicted to disperse the heat [2, 3]. In addition, it is estimated that the radiation nuclear charge, Z, and since any large con­ tamination of the core plasma by high­Z impurities will quench to be neon. Its nuclear charge is high enough to induce a significantly increased amount of radiation

398

INTEGRAL Cross-calibration Status: Crab observations between 3 keV and 1 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of Crab observations by the INTEGRAL instruments. A simultaneous fit allows us to demonstrate that INTEGRAL provides reliable spectra over its wide energy range.

E. Jourdain; D. Gotz; N. J. Westergaard; L. Natalucci; J. P. Roques

2008-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

399

INTEGRAL Cross-calibration Status: Crab observations between 3 keV and 1 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of Crab observations by the INTEGRAL instruments. A simultaneous fit allows us to demonstrate that INTEGRAL provides reliable spectra over its wide energy range.

Jourdain, E; Westergaard, N J; Natalucci, L; Roques, J P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Spin Structure in an Interfacially Coupled Epitaxial Ferromagnetic Oxide Heterostructure X. Ke,1,2,* L. J. Belenky,3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heterostructure, La0:67Sr0:33MnO3=SrRuO3, through magnetization and polarized neutron reflectometry measurements magnetization reversal have remained elusive. In this Letter, combining polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR,2,* L. J. Belenky,3 V. Lauter,1 H. Ambaye,1 C. W. Bark,3 C. B. Eom,3 and M. S. Rzchowski4 1 Neutron

Eom, Chang Beom

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Construction of 144, 565 keV and 5.0 MeV monoenergetic neutron calibration fields at JAERI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......MV Van-de-Graaf accelerator. This paper describes...MV Van-de-Graaf accelerator is a 4UH-HC Pelletron...shown in Figure 1. The accelerator is installed in the...8529-1(1). The nuclear reactions employed for...reaction is made of thin vacuum-deposited LiF on a......

Y. Tanimura; M. Yoshizawa; J. Saegusa; K. Fujii; S. Shimizu; M. Yoshida; Y. Shibata; A. Uritani; K. Kudo

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Influence of Acacia tortilis trees on the distribution of Panicum maximum and Digitaria macroblephara in South Central Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

evaporation pans. Although evaporation pans were installed and preliminary data were obtained, it was soon realized that the data were inadequate and limited. However, attempts were made to compute the saturation vapour pressure deficit of the air using... relative humidity and temperature data obtained by means of the steady state porometer. Since for any given temperature (leaf or air) a definite saturation vapour pressure or saturation vapour density exists and because saturation vapour pressure...

Maranga, Elias Kingoina

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

you recharged/replaced the batteries most recently? 3.1.5you to charge/replace batteries last time? 3.1.6 How manyIf it uses dry cell batteries, what type of batteries AND

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Community Perceptions and Priorities for Managing Water and Environmental Resources in the River Njoro Watershed in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Community Perceptions and Priorities for Managing Water and Environmental Resources in the River-5 years, to demonstrate improved and integrated management of water and environmental resources poverty and enhancing livelihoods are important goals for water and environmental resources management

Richner, Heinz

405

Shrimp Imports 37 Kenya 0.6 in 1972 Total 223.2 38 Mozambique 33.2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

countries with 21 Austria 3.8 54 Surinam 2,132.6 more than 80 million pounds. India was 22 Turkey 7.5 55

406

How Beneficial is Tourism? An Analysis of the Economic Impact of Tourism in Il N'gwesi, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;1. Introduction Promotion of ecotourism and pro-poor tourism ventures has been very popular Review Ecotourism is a form of tourism that emphasizes nature and the culture of the surrounding area. Ecotourism often markets itself on reducing the negative environmental impact of tourism, maintaining

407

Moving towards urban sustainability in Kenya: a framework for integration of environmental, economic, social and governance dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the case of slums, weakness resides in all four pillars and results in a downward spiral. Organizations ... improved to restore some balance among the other three pillars by establishing a framework for the so...

Emmanuel Mutisya; Masaru Yarime

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Kenya International Radio Observatory Joseph Otieno Malo, University of Nairobi,Joseph Otieno Malo, University of Nairobi,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the terrestrial magnetosphere, ionosphere and neutral atmosphere using traditional asionosphere and neutral (INISSE) and the constructionElectronics (INISSE) and the construction of Giant Equatorial Radio in the fields of energy generation, rapid communications and generalgeneration, rapid communications and general

409

The impact of cooperative, group, and individual ranching systems on resource productivity in South-Central Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, The issue of land subdivision of the group and cooperative ranching systems was also investigated. This was done by dividing the individual ranches into 4 strata (land area groups). The average land areas were 110, Z40, 500, and 800 ha for Strata 1-4.... To address the cooperative and group ranch land subdivision issue, similar budget analyses were performed for the four individ- ual ranch strata. Results revealed that stratum 4 had all positive net returns while the other three strata had negative net...

Onchoke, Sospeter Nyamwaro

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

410

27. R. Bessinger, P. Akwara, "Trends in Sexual and Fertility-Related Behavior: Cameroon, Kenya, Uganda, Zambia,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Uganda, Zambia, and Thailand" (The Measure Evaluation Project, Unit- ed States Agency for International, 608 (2000). 31. UNAIDS, "A measure of success in Uganda" (UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland, 1998). 32., Lancet 361, 645 (2003). 38. R. Moodie et al., "An evaluation study of Uganda's AIDS control programmes

411

Household adoption of ecological sanitation : an assessment of agricultural value and user perspectives in Nyanza Province, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecological sanitation, or ecosan, refers to a range of sanitation technologies in which human excreta is recovered and retained on-site, and eventually reused. However, when a culture does not have a tradition of reusing ...

Robinson, Brian E. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Below-ground root yield and distribution in natural and replanted mangrove forests at Gazi bay, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and basal area were highest in the 12-year-old plantation while below-ground root biomass increased with age Kingdom 1. Introduction Estimation of biomass in woody ecosystems, such as man- groves, is required for a number of reasons. Foresters are interested in the yield of wood as a function of age, stand density

Mencuccini, Maurizio

413

Competition and compensation among cattle, zebras, and elephants in a semi-arid savanna in Laikipia, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- stock (Grootenhuis and Prins, 2000). In East Africa, the majority of the populations of most large and compatibility between livestock and wildlife in Africa has been a point of considerable speculation, with impli excluded, the density of zebra dung in 2000 was on average 46% greater than in control plots. This was due

Palmer, Todd M.

414

Sustainable Transport Development for Accra: Critiquing Ideologies and Unraveling Priorities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is ensuring sustainable development of urban public transportation, through, among other things, good governance. The document, however, is built within the contextual frameworks of Ghanas Poverty Strategy Papers, which espouse decentralization and economic...

Anyetei-Anum, Dzifa

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Personal dose analysis of TLD glow curve data from individual monitoring records  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Protection Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, PO Box LG 80...RPI) of the Ghana Atomic Energy Commission is responsible for...intercomparison exercise and quality audit organised by the International Atomic Energy Agency. In the calibration......

D. Adjei; E. O. Darko; C. Schandorf; P. Owusu-Manteaw; E. Akrobortu

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

SECONDARY LEVEL -LESSON PLAN AND ACTIVITIES Making Education Matter--Lesson Plan on Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Learning in Ghana's Stone Quarries Handout/worksheet G13: School Spirit in Rural China Activity #S3: Labouring Instead of Learning in Ghana's Stone Quarries; G13: School Spirit in Rural China)), world map

417

Experimental aspects of ion acceleration and transport in the Earth's magnetosphere. [Plasmasphere (leV), exo-plasmasphere (leV-lkeV), plasma sheet (1-10 keV), ring current (10-300 keV), trapped radiation belts (>300 keV)  

SciTech Connect

Major particle population within the Earth's magnetosphere have been studied via ion acceleration processes. Experimental advances over the past ten to fifteen years have demonstrated the complexity of the processes. A review is given here for areas where composition experiments have expanded perception on magnetospheric phenomena. 64 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab. (WRF)

Young, D.T.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

International Student and Scholar Enrollment & Statistical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suriname 1 Ghana 18 Swaziland 1 Greece 19 Sweden 8 Grenada 1 Switzerland 8 Guatemala 21 Syria 4 Guyana 2

Ginzel, Matthew

419

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

420

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Freedom of Information and Petroleum Development in the Gulf of Guinea Region| A Comparative Analysis of the Legal Frameworks in Nigeria, Ghana, and Liberia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Recent discoveries of oil and natural gas in the Gulf of Guinea have renewed interest in petroleum development in West Africa. This news is (more)

Calhoun, John Paul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Assessment of natural and anthropogenic radioactivity levels in soils, rocks and water in the vicinity of Chirano Gold Mine in Ghana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......gamma-ray exposure from natural radioactivity concentrations...drinking water containing natural radioactivity due to...inhalation of airborne radon gas for the area where both...concentrations in surface soils in Cyprus. J. Environ. Radioact...UNSCEAR. Exposures from natural sources of radiation......

A. Faanu; H. Lawluvi; D. O. Kpeglo; E. O. Darko; G. Emi-Reynolds; A. R. Awudu; O. K. Adukpo; C. Kansaana; I. D. Ali; B. Agyeman; L. Agyeman; R. Kpodzro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

High density polyethylene (HDPE) containers as an alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles for solar disinfection of drinking water in northern region, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the technical feasibility of high density polyethylene (HDPE) containers as an alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles for the solar disinfection of drinking water ...

Yazdani, Iman

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Classical biological control of Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), (Diptera:Tephritidae): natural enemy exploration and nontarget testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the fly puparia from which parasitoids emerged, (2) rearing of cucurbit infesting tephritids and their parasitoids in Kenya, (3) rearing of flowerhead infesting tephritids and their parasitoids in Kenya and Hawaii, and (4) host range testing of Psyttalia...

Trostle Duke, Marcia Katherine

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

425

Essays on HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HIV-1 Prenvetion SErvices in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania: Thein Nairobi, Kenya and Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. In bothurban Kenya (13-14%) and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (10-12%) (

Gong, Erick Joseph

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

First ?+SR studies on thin films with a new beam of low energy positive muons at energies below 20 keV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the Paul Scherrer Institute slow positive muons (?+) with nearly 100% polarization and an energy of about 10 eV are generated by ... moderation of an intense secondary beam of surface muons in an appropriate c...

T. Prokscha; M. Birke; E. Forgan; H. Glckler; A. Hofer

427

LIST OF FISH AT A PROPOSED OTEC SITE OFF KE-AHOLE POINT, HAWAII, DERIVED FROM COMMERCIAL FISH RECORDS, 1959-1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

marlin HumuhUIIIu Trigger fish I_, ru.l! 1u. NAME COMMONfrom Hawaii is cited when fish records do not differentiateHOTEC site, over 60 species of fish from 31 families are

Jones, Anthony T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Protons in the near-lunar wake observed by the Sub-keV Atom Reflection Analyzer on board Chandrayaan-1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Significant proton fluxes were detected in the near wake region of the Moon by an ion mass spectrometer on board Chandrayaan-1. The energy of these nightside protons is slightly higher than the energy of the solar wind protons. The protons are detected close to the lunar equatorial plane at a $140^{\\circ}$ solar zenith angle, i.e., ~50$^{\\circ}$ behind the terminator at a height of 100 km. The protons come from just above the local horizon, and move along the magnetic field in the solar wind reference frame. We compared the observed proton flux with the predictions from analytical models of an electrostatic plasma expansion into a vacuum. The observed velocity was higher than the velocity predicted by analytical models by a factor of 2 to 3. The simple analytical models cannot explain the observed ion dynamics along the magnetic field in the vicinity of the Moon.

Futaana, Yoshifumi; Wieser, Martin; Holmstrm, M; Bhardwaj, Anil; Dhanya, M B; Sridharan, R; Wurz, Peter; Schaufelberger, Audrey; Asamura, Kazushi; 10.1029/2010JA015264

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

New limit on the mass of 9.4-keV solar axions emitted in an M1 transition in $^{83}$Kr nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A search for resonant absorption of the solar axion by $^{83}\\rm{Kr}$ nuclei was performed using the proportional counter installed inside the low-background setup at the Baksan Neutrino Observatory. The obtained model independent upper limit on the combination of isoscalar and isovector axion-nucleon couplings $|g_3-g_0|\\leq 1.69\\times 10^{-6}$ allowed us to set the new upper limit on the hadronic axion mass of $m_{A}\\leq 130$ eV (95\\% C.L.) with the generally accepted values $S$=0.5 and $z$=0.56.

Derbin, A V; Gavrilyuk, Yu M; Kazalov, V V; Kim, H J; Kim, Y D; Kobychev, V V; Kuzminov, V V; Ali, Luqman; Muratova, V N; Panasenko, S I; Ratkevich, S S; Semenov, D A; Tekueva, D A; Yakimenko, S P; Unzhakov, E V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Cork Embedded Internal Features and Contrast Mechanisms with Del Using 18, 20, 30, 36 and 40 keV Synchrotron X-rays  

SciTech Connect

Images of the cork used for wine and other bottles are visualized with the use of diffraction-enhanced imaging (DEI) technique. Present experimental studies allowed us to identify the cracks, holes, porosity, and importance of soft-matter (soft-material) and associated biology by visualization of the embedded internal complex features of the biological material such as cork and its microstructure. Highlighted the contrast mechanisms above and below the K-absorption edge of iodine and studied the attenuation through a combination of weakly and strongly attenuating materials.

Rao, D.V.; Zhong, Z.; Akatsuka, T.; Yuasa, T.; Hasan, M.Z.; Takeda, T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Synergistic Coupling of SSD and Hard Disk for QoS-aware Virtual Memory Ke Liu Xuechen Zhang Kei Davis Song Jiang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alamos, NM 87545, USA Abstract--With significant advantages in capacity, power con- sumption, and price Institute of Technology Los Alamos National Laboratory Detroit, MI 48202, USA Atlanta, GA 30332, USA Los memory to the hard disk if they are expected to be read together. Using a history of page access patterns

Jiang, Song

432

Beryllium and Graphite High-Accuracy Total Cross-Section Measurements in the Energy Range from 24 to 900 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beryllium and Graphite High-Accuracy Total Cross-Section Measurements in the Energy Range from 24 new measurements of the carbon and beryllium neutron total cross section in the energy range of 24 the measurement of the energy-dependent total cross section st ~Ei ! by applying Eq. ~1! for every TOF channel i

Danon, Yaron

433

Band mapping in x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy: An experimental and theoretical study of W(110) with 1.25 keV excitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) has generally been carried out at energies below ?150eV, but there is growing interest in going to higher energies so as to achieve greater bulk sensitivity. To this end, we have measured ARPES spectra from a tungsten (110) crystal in a plane containing the [100], [110], and [010] directions with a photon energy of 1253.6 eV. The experimental data are compared to free-electron final-state calculations in an extended zone scheme with no inclusion of matrix elements, as well as highly accurate one-step theory including matrix elements. Both models provide further insight into such future higher-energy ARPES measurements. Special effects occurring in a higher-energy ARPES experiment, such as photon momentum, phonon-induced zone averaging effects, and the degree of cryogenic cooling required are discussed, together with qualitative predictions via appropriate Debye-Waller factors for future experiments with a number of representative elements being presented.

C. Papp; L. Plucinski; J. Minar; J. Braun; H. Ebert; C. M. Schneider; C. S. Fadley

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

434

Synthesis and properties of layered synthetic microstructure (LSM) dispersion elements for 62 eV (200A) to 1. 24 keV (10A) radiation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The opportunities offered by engineered synthetic multilayer dispersion elements for x-rays have been recognized since the earliest days of x-ray diffraction analysis. In this paper, application of sputter deposition technology to the synthesis of Layered Synthetic Microstructure (LSMs) of sufficient quality for use as x-ray dispersion elements is discussed. It will be shown that high efficiency, controllable bandwidth dispersion elements, with d spacings varying from 15 A to 180 A, may be synthesized onto both mechanically stiff and flexible substrates. Multilayer component materials include tungsten, niobium, molybdenum, titanium, vanadium, and silicon layers separated by carbon layers. Experimental observations of peak reflectivity in first order, integrated reflectivity in first order, and diffraction performance at selected photon energies in the range, 100 to 15,000 eV, will be reported and compared to theory.

Barbee, T.W. Jr.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Near-Intrinsic Energy Resolution for 30 to 662 keV Gamma Rays in a High Pressure Xenon Electroluminescent TPC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for neutrinoless double beta decay, Riv. NuovoSearch for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in Xe Xe with EXO-

Catal, J.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Using the unmet obstetric needs indicator to map inequities in life-saving obstetric interventions at the local health care system in Kenya  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developing countries with high maternal mortality need to invest in indicators that not only provide information about how many women are dying, but also where, and what can be done to prevent these deaths. Th...

Elizabeth Echoka; Dominique Dubourg

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Leadership Training, Inter-ethnic Conflict Management, and the Youth: A Case Study of One Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) in Nairobi, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, J. Kevin Barge Committee Members, Charles Conrad Joshua Barbour Charles D. Samuelson Head of Department, James Arnt Aune August 2012 Major Subject: Communication iii... members, Dr. Charles Samuelson, Dr. Joshua Barbour, and Dr. Charles Conrad, for their thoughtful and challenging insights and comments that made the study a success. I would like also to thank my sponsors, Institute of International Studies (IIE...

Mbutu, Paul

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

438

A technology strategy analysis for the deployment of broadband connectivity for economic development in emerging economies : studying the case of Kenya using the CLIOS process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The role of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in economic development is increasingly moving to the core of national competitiveness strategies around the world thanks to its revolutionary power as a critical ...

Omwenga, Brian Gichana

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Impacts of indigenous and exotic tree species on ecosystem services : Case study on the mountain cloud forests of Taita Hills, Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Although forest ecosystems are crucial for human survival they are constantly under threat from human interventions and natural disasters which reduce their capacities to effectively (more)

Omoro, Loice M A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Trends in the clinical characteristics of HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania between 2002 and 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

health service conditions in Uganda. BMC Public Health 2009,Population in Southwestern Uganda: A Qualitative Study. AIDStherapy in Kampala, Uganda. Aids 2007, 20. Kigozi IM, Dobkin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Dancing Africa in Bahia : dance, embodied authenticity and the consumption of "Africa" in Bahia, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formation in Contemporary Brazil." In On Edge: The Crisis ofof Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. National Library of Ghana.197-204. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: UNESCO. Centro de Estudos

Ahlberg, Meredith A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cameroon egypt Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

egypt Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: algeria cameroon egypt Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Algeria Gambia Nigeria Angola Ghana...

443

E-Print Network 3.0 - archipelago tunisia north Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine 6 Algeria Gambia Nigeria Angola Ghana Reunion Summary: Togo Egypt Mauritius Tunisia Equatorial Guinea Morocco Uganda Eritrea Mozambique Zambia......

444

International Projects: Education Grant value over $250,000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& NATURAL RESOURCES Borlaug Higher Eduation Agricultural Research and Development Program DEPARTMENT OF FOOD SCIENCE AND HUMAN NUTRITION Africa and Asia Ghana; Uganda; Mali; Mozambique; Bangladesh The United States

445

THE FIRST CIRCULAR UNESCO-APEID 2011 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APEID The utilization and conservation of the water resources for human survival, bioproduction and the environment 8 countries: Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia,Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Malawi, Ghana and Japan

Ejiri, Shinji

446

THE FIRST CIRCULAR UNESCO-APEID 2012 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APEID The utilization and conservation of the water resources for human survival, bioproduction and the environment 8 countries: Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia,Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Malawi, Ghana and Japan

Ejiri, Shinji

447

Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to nuclear power, including: Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Senegal, Slovenia, and...

448

U.S. Energy Secretary Highlights Need for Energy Diversity at...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

who are original GNEP partners, as well as Australia, Bulgaria, Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Ukraine in efforts to address...

449

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

members, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, France, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and...

450

U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

the GNEP Statement of Principles, along with Australia, Bulgaria, Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and the Ukraine. "The UK shares in...

451

U.S. Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland...

452

Slide07 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Algeria Australia Argentina Botswana Brazil Burkina Faso Cameroon Canada Chile Colombia Congo, DR Cote d'Ivoire Denmark Egypt Finland France Germany Ghana India Japan...

453

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

maps ... Dataset Activity Stream Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Ghana from NREL (Abstract):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDRaster GIS data, 50...

454

International Student and Scholar Enrollment & Statistical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINLAND 1 SOUTH KOREA 722 FRANCE 33 SPAIN 22 GEORGIA 3 SRI LANKA 30 GERMANY 62 SUDAN 1 GHANA 14 SURINAME 1

Ginzel, Matthew

455

International Student and Scholar Enrollment & Statistical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SURINAM 1 GHANA 12 SWAZILAND 2 GREECE 21 SWEDEN 14 GUATEMALA ND22 SWITZERLA 6 GUYANA 1 SYRIA 1 HAITI 2

Ginzel, Matthew

456

E-Print Network 3.0 - abu wildlife sanctuary Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FORESTRY SECTOR IN GHANA Ben N. Donkor Summary: wildlife sanctuaries and one strict nature reserve (Figure 1.7). Management plans based on biological... and sociological surveys...

457

LEDSGP/sector/AFOLU | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agricultural Research (CGIAR), Energy Center of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology of Ghana, Ethiopian Development Research Institute, Global Green...

458

Base 1 Base 2 Base 3 Base 4 PHILIPPINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'IVOIRE GABON MALI REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE THAILANDE CHINE JORDANIE MALAISIE PALESTINE SENEGAL SYRIE BOLIVIE HAITI GHANA INDIA MADAGASCAR NIGER CHAD CAMEROON CONGO IVORY COAST GABON MALI CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

459

E-Print Network 3.0 - african refugee settlement Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Settlement The University of Alberta has a long and rich history of partnerships in Africa... Settlement. Buduburam is a Liberian refugee camp located west of Ghana's capital,...

460

Newsletter Signup Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

DISTRIBUTOR DIRECTORY:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......GHANA) LTD. P.O. BOXM14 Corner Liberty, AW Derby Avenue Accra, Ghana GREECE...LEBANON Chromatlx Inc. Represented by: PROJECTS SAL P.O. Box 11-5281 Beirut, Lebanon...Applied Research Corp. Represented by: PROJECTS SAL P.O. Box 11-5281 Beirut, Lebanon......

Distributor Directory

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Ghana. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in Ghana. Source NREL Date Released September 02nd, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GEF Ghana GIS maps NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 661.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote

463

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002 for selected sites in Ghana. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI Ghana GHI hourly data solar SWERA TILT TMY UNEP Data application/zip icon ghanaDLRtimeseries_103.zip (zip, 2.7 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment

464

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

SciTech Connect

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Faculty perceptions about attributes and barriers impacting the adoption and diffusion of Web-Based Educational Technologies (WBETs) at the University of Cape Coast and the University of Ghana, Legon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-ROMs, local area networks or Intranet supported educational materials, and multi-media equipment, like projectors, sound speakers, and microphones. Research has revealed many factors affecting the adoption and diffusion of Web Based Educational.... The choices of mediums listed were: audiotape or Audio-Video, CD- ROM/multimedia (other than Internet - / intranet-based), computer conferencing (Internet / Intranet-based/Web-based), audio-conferencing / audio-graphics, radio, ITV, and print-based mediums...

Yakah, Jemima Abena

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

466

The Fogarty Scholars Experience: Where research training meets the world  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Current locations include Bangladesh, Botswana, Brazil, China, Haiti, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Peru experiences at NIH-supported research centers in resource-limited settings. Program administration provided

Rhode Island, University of

467

E-Print Network 3.0 - allergy current research Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at top-ranked, NIH-funded research centers abroad... . Current locations include Bangladesh, Botswana, Brazil, China, Haiti, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Peru Source: Rhode...

468

SAFETY SERIES No.75-INSAG-4 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INDIA INDONESIA IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAQ IRELAND ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KENYA KOREA, REPUBLIC OF KUWAIT LEBANON LIBERIA LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA LIECHTENSTEIN...

469

WHITE HOUSE COUNCIL ON WOMEN AND GIRLS RECENT AGENCY ACCOMPLISHMENTS  

Energy Savers (EERE)

the campaigns will be implemented in 11 different countries-India, Bangladesh, Jordan, Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Congo, Malawi, Colombia, Peru, and El Salvador with the...

470

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia...

471

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Slovenka... Monaco Mongolia...

472

Geothermal Technologies Office: Download GETEM, August 2012 Beta  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Indonesia Irak Iran Ireland Ireland, Northern Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Liechtenstein Lithuania...

473

Eia.gov BETA - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia...

474

IEC documents | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Hungary IADB Iceland IEA IFC India Indonesia Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Lithuania Malaysia Mexico Moldova Mongolia...

475

DEVELOPING SAFETY CULTURE IN NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES Practical Suggestions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INDIA INDONESIA IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAQ IRELAND ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA KOREA, REPUBLIC OF KUWAIT LATVIA LEBANON LIBERIA LIBYAN ARAB...

476

Status of U.S. Nuclear Outages - U.S. Energy Information Administratio...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia...

477

INSAG-15 Key Practical Issues  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INDIA INDONESIA IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAQ IRELAND ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA KOREA, REPUBLIC OF KUWAIT LATVIA LEBANON LIBERIA LIBYAN ARAB...

478

Geothermal Tomorrow  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Eritrea, and Djibouti. Kenya was the first of these countries to develop geothermal energy and has the largest geothermal plant in Africa-near Naivasha (Olkaria), yield- ing...

479

Geothermal Industry Ends 2012 on a High Note | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Indonesia, the Philippines, Japan, Kenya, Rwanda, Nicaragua, Turkey, Mexico, Chile and Germany, where leaders have begun to understand and embrace geothermal's economic and...

480

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute household accidental Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluating the health benefits of transitions in household energy Summary: ; Household energy; Indoor air pollution; Intervention assessment; Kenya 1. Introduction Acute...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kenya began offering feed-in tariffs to encourage renewabletheir guaranteed feed-in tariff as if they were still on-

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

World geothermal power generation in the period 2001-2005 | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica, France (Guadeloupe), Iceland,Indonesia, Italy1,Kenya, Mexico, Nicaragua, Russia, and the USA have increased the capacity of their powerplant installations by more...

483

World Geothermal Power Generation in the Period 2001-2005 | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica, France (Guadeloupe), Iceland, Indonesia, Italy1, Kenya, Mexico, Nicaragua, Russia, and the USA have increased the capacity of their power plant installations by more...

484

E-Print Network 3.0 - anambra state nigeria Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

partners to engage... , with institution building in Nigeria, Benin, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Niger, Cameroon, Burundi, Swaziland... , Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi,...

485

Olkaria III Geothermal Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Single Flash Owner Ormat Technologies, Inc. Developer Ormat Technologies, Inc. Energy Purchaser Kenya Power and Lighting Company Limited Commercial Online Date 2014...

486

THELUMINAPROJECT http://light.lbl.gov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

source of portable lighting in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone et al., 2009). LED technology has the potential to provide efficiency and performance benefits relative to incandescent bulbs

Jacobson, Arne

487

Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income...

488

E-Print Network 3.0 - agroforest sulawesi indonesia Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Aceh, Papua, Central Sulawesi, Maluku Kenya Kuwait Liberia Myanmar (former Burma) Nepal Nigeria... Former USSR - Azerbaijan Kyrgystan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Guatemala Guyana...

489

Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income...

490

Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income...

491

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerosolized florida red Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

P. Akwara, "Trends in Sexual and Fertility-Related Behavior: Cameroon, Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Summary: over the southwest Florida penin- sula. NASA's WB-57 aircraft, which...

492

The Uganda Press: A Commentary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and August 1986. Focus. Uganda: May, June and July 1986.Munno. Uganda: March, June and August 1986.Equator. Uganda: March and April1986. Nation. Kenya: March,

Ssali, Ndugu Mike

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

E-Print Network 3.0 - amodiaquine combination therapy Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

combination ther- apy (ACT) trials that took place in sub-Saharan African regions... , Uganda, Malawi and Kenya. The drugs tested in these trials were amodiaquine, sulphadoxine...

494

Field performance of a nephelometer in rural kitchens: effects of high humidity excursions and correlations to gravimetric analyses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from domestic biomass combustion in rural Mexico.pollution from biomass combustion in Kenya. EnvironmentalCanada (n=6) where biomass combustion occurred indoors. In

Fischer, Susan L; Koshland, Catherine P

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Philippines, South Africa, Serbia, Thailand, Ukraine, Vietnam, Zambia Southern Europe, Southern Asia, South...

496

Access to water in a Nairobi slum: womens work and institutional learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for both rich and poor. Water and sanitation provision inpoor: water markets, household demand, and service preferences in Kenya. Washington, DC: Water Supply and Sanitation

Crow, Ben D; Odaba, Edmond

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Access to water in a Nairobi slum: women's work and institutional learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for both rich and poor. Water and sanitation provision inpoor: water markets, household demand, and service preferences in Kenya. Washington, DC: Water Supply and Sanitation

Crow, Ben; Odaba, Edmond

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Scarce, costly and uncertain: water access in Kibera, Nairobi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for both rich and poor. Water and sanitation provision inPoor: Water Markets, Household Demand, and Service Preferences in Kenya, Water Supply and Sanitation

Crow, Ben; Odaba, Edmond

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

STUDENT CONFERENCE IN CONSERVATION SCIENCE, THEME: BIODIVERSITY IN AFRICA PRESENT STATE, CHALLENGES AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STUDENT CONFERENCE IN CONSERVATION SCIENCE, THEME: BIODIVERSITY IN AFRICA ­ PRESENT STATE, Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and services and Conservation of carnivores. Although all 4 workshops, CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS ON ITS CONSERVATION. 2ND -4TH JULY 2013, NATIONAL MUSEUMS OF KENYA, NAIROBI, KENYA

500

Rheology of the lithosphere in the East African Rift System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Terrestrial heat flow studies in Cyprus and Kenya, PhD thesis, University...absolute temperature, R the gas constant, and B, n, and E...This work was supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research...Terrestrial heat flow studies in Cyprus and Kenya, PhD thesis, University......

K. Fadaie; G. Ranalli

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z