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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

CO2 Emissions - Ghana  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa Ghana Graphics CO2 Emissions from Ghana Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Ghana image Per capita CO2 Emission Estimates for Ghana...

2

CO2 Emissions - Kenya  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa Kenya Graphics CO2 Emissions from Kenya Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Kenya image Per capita CO2 Emission Estimates for Kenya...

3

Jing Ke  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jing Ke Jing Ke China Energy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90-4000 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90H-0113 (510) 486-4537 JKe@lbl.gov Jing Ke...

4

Ke Huang  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ke Huang China Energy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2117N (510) 486-4733 KeHuang@lbl.gov Ke Huang is...

5

Ghana | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana Ghana Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Ghana. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in Ghana. Source NREL Date Released September 02nd, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GEF Ghana GIS maps NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 661.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote Comments Login or register to post comments

6

OpenEI - Ghana  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm2650 en Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Ghana from NREL http:en.openei.orgdatasetsnode745...

7

Central-local transfers in Kenya - Options for incremental reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Government Printer. Kenya, Republic of (1996) EconomicGovernment Printer. Kenya, Republic of (1995) StatisticalNairobi: Government Printer. Kenya, Republic of (1994) Kenya

Crane, Randall

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

NPP Grassland: Nairobi, Kenya  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nairobi, Kenya, 1984-1994 Nairobi, Kenya, 1984-1994 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Canopy reflectance measurement within the Nairobi site (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site. Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Kinyamario, J. I. 1996. NPP Grassland: Nairobi, Kenya, 1984-1994. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Net primary production of a savanna grassland in Nairobi National Park, Kenya, was determined from 1984 to the present by monitoring monthly dynamics of live biomass and dead matter, above and below-ground, together with monthly litter bag estimates of decomposition rates above and below-ground. The method for calculating net primary production accounted

9

Kenya | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities. (Purpose): To influence investment decisions by promoting and supporting renewable energy by overcoming informational barriers in solar and wind energy financing. Source Daniel Theuri - SWERA National Team Date Released November 23rd, 2008 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords documentation Kenya renewable energy solar SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 9.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2008 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset

10

NPP Tropical Forest: Kade, Ghana  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kade, Ghana, 1957-1972 Kade, Ghana, 1957-1972 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Forest after clearing of secondary growth at the Kade site (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Nye, P. H., and D. J. Greenland. 1998. NPP Tropical Forest: Kade, Ghana, 1957-1972. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Biomass and nutrient content of different vegetation components and soil for a secondary tropical forest were determined in the late 1950s at the Kade Agricultural Research Station of the former University College, Ghana. Net primary production (NPP) was estimated on the basis of standing biomass accumulation and litter fall. Later studies on litter and wood fall and

11

National Renewable Energy Report for SWERA: Ghana (Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Report for SWERA: Ghana (Abstract):  The National Renewable Energy Report describes the energy situation in Ghana and identifies solar and wind...

12

The Developmental and Democratic Challenges of Postcolonial Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nation, the dawn of Kenya's ‘Second Republic’. REFERENCESpolitics of public order in Kenya. ” African Affairs 102,Hanged: The Dirty War in Kenya and the End of Empire. New

Zeleza, Paul Tiyambe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

City-Scale Transport Modeling: An Approach for Nairobi, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public Transport Patterns in Kenya: A Case S tudy of NairobiCity. Special Report No. 7. Nairobi, Kenya:Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis.

Daganzo, C. F.; Li, Yuwei; Gonzales, Eric J.; Geroliminis, Nikolas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Statistics d) Nairobi, Kenya. See also Estimates ofDEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL LeeDemand and Conservation in Kenya: Initial Appraisal Lee

Schipper, Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

The Future of Pastoralism in Turkana District, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development and Famine Risk in Kenya Maasai Land. Doctoralin Turkana District, Kenya by J. Michael Halderman Responsein Turkana District, Kenya. ” Response to a request for

Halderman, John Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Technical Report - Ghana Wind Energy Resource Assessment  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana Wind Energy Resource Assessment (Abstract):  This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km2) wind energy resource maps for...

17

Ghana-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP Climate Activities UNDP Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Topics Background analysis Website http://ccmap.undp.org/ Country Ghana Western Africa References UNDP Interactive Climate Projects Map[1] Ghana (17) Climate Change Adaptation Programme Climate Change and Development - Adapting by Reducing Vulnerability (CCDARE) Enhancing Access to Sustainable Energy Services Enhancing Access to Sustainable Energy Services for the Poor in Ghana Ghana National Capacity Assessment (Completed) Ghana: Establishing an Effective and Sustainable Structure for Implementing Multilateral Environment Agreements Ghana: Second national Communication to the UNFCCC Global Village Energy Partnership - Energy for Poverty Reduction Action Plan (Completed)

18

Designing sanitation projects in rural Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Providing sanitation to rural areas in Ghana remains a huge challenge. Government funding is scarce while many international donor projects are ineffective. This thesis explores the difficulties with rural sanitation ...

Lau, Jonathan (Jonathan Ho Yin)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Assessment of rainwater harvesting in Northern Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study assesses the current state of rainwater harvesting in the Northern Region of Ghana and makes recommendations regarding if and how rainwater harvesting could be used to address Pure Home Water's goal of reaching ...

Barnes, David Allen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Partner Ghana Energy Commission, Tokornoo and Associates, STEPRI, Kumasi Institute of Technology and Environment (KITE) Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ecn.nl/fileadmin/ec Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Ghana Western Africa References Low Carbon Development in Ghana, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs [1] Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) curve, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs[2]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Ghana-Ecobank DCA Guarantee | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Ecobank DCA Guarantee Ghana-Ecobank DCA Guarantee Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Ecobank DCA Guarantee Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy Topics Finance, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Ghana Western Africa References Ghana-Ecobank DCA Guarantee[1] Overview "In response to this environment USAID/Ghana implemented two Development Credit Authority (DCA) loan guarantees with EcoBank, a prominent retail bank in Ghana. Under the guarantees USAID/Ghana agreed to cover 50 percent of EcoBank's losses of principle on guaranteed loans up to a specified ceiling on total loan value. The guarantees reduce the bank's risk and thereby encourage it to make loans to specific sectors that support

22

Identification of malaria transmission and epidemic hotspots in the Western Kenya highlands: its application to malaria epidemic prediction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Director, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu.Control Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, P. O.Nakuru, Kenya. 3 Kenya Medical Research Institute/Walter

Wanjala, Christine L; Waitumbi, John; Zhou, Guofa; Githeko, Andrew K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Surrogates for Government? NGOs and the State in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barkan, Joel et al. 2003. Kenya in Transition. World Bank:Crime and Insecurity in Kenya: The Case of Nairobi, 1985?Arthur. 1979. The Economy of Kenya: The Kenyatta Era. Oxford

Brass, Jennifer Naomi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Kenya - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... about 16 percent of Kenya's population has access to electricity. ... geothermal accounted for almost 20 percent of Kenya's total electricity ... Previous Year .

25

Kenya Becoming a Geothermal Powerhouse | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

05212012 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Kenya Becoming a Geothermal Powerhouse Citation theGrio. Kenya Becoming a...

26

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment - Kenya Country Report  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Kenya Country Report (Abstract):  The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities.
...

27

Ghana-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Forestry Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance Country Ghana Western Africa References World Bank Project Database - Ghana [1] Contents 1 Active World Bank Climate Projects in Ghana 1.1 Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Grant 1.2 Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) 1.3 Ghana Rural Energy Access - Global Env. Project 1.4 Ghana Natural Resources and Environmental Governance 2 References Active World Bank Climate Projects in Ghana Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Grant (.2M - Active) Energy Development and Access Project - IBRD/IDA (90M - Active) Ghana Rural Energy Access - Global Env. Project (5.5M - Active).

28

Ghana-NREL Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL Rural Electrification NREL Rural Electrification Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana Rural Electrification Name Ghana Rural Electrification Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner UNDP and GEF Sector Energy Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Program Start 1996 Program End 2002 Country Ghana Western Africa References NREL International Program Overview [1] Abstract From 1996-2002, NREL supported the development of a rural electrification project in Ghana in cooperation with UNDP and GEF. From 1996-2002, NREL supported the development of a rural electrification project in Ghana in cooperation with UNDP and GEF. NREL also piloted a business model for providing energy services in rural areas of Ghana.[1] References ↑ 1.0 1.1 NREL International Program Overview - Ghana

29

Kenya-GEF Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GEF Projects GEF Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-GEF Projects Agency/Company /Organization Global Environment Facility Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Country Kenya Eastern Africa References GEF Project database[1] GEF Climate Projects in Kenya 1780 Kenya Joint Geophysical Imaging (JGI) Methodology for Geothermal Reservoir Assessment Climate Change UNEP Medium Size Project, GEF Grant-979,059.000, Co-financing total-1,754,264.0 IA Approved 2870 Kenya Market Transformation for Efficient Biomass Stoves for Institutions and Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises Climate Change UNDP Medium Size Project GEF Grant-975,000.000 Co-financing total-5,646,467.0 IA Approved 3249 Kenya Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid Lands (KACCAL)

30

Accra, Ghana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Accra, Ghana: Energy Resources Accra, Ghana: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Accra, Ghana Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2306104 Coordinates 5.55°, -0.216667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":5.55,"lon":-0.216667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

31

Ghana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana: Energy Resources Ghana: Energy Resources (Redirected from ECOWAS Gateway-Ghana) Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":8,"lon":-2,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

32

Ke An | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ke An Ke An Lead Instrument Scientist: VULCAN Education Ph.D. Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Virginia Tech, 2003. M.S. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, 2000. B.S. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, 1998. B.S. Department of Management, Tianjin University, 1998. Honors/Awards 2011 Siemens Teachers as Researchers Mentor Performance Award Supplemental Performance Award, NSSD, ORNL, 2009 Excellence in Science and Technology Research and Development, Ministry of Education, China. 2003. "A Study on Low Cycle Fatigue of Metal Materials under Multiaxial Nonproportional Loading". Excellence in Science and Technology Research and Development, Government of Tianjin City, China. 2002, "Life Prediction of Multiaxial Low Cycle

33

Ghana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana: Energy Resources Ghana: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":8,"lon":-2,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

34

Limited Insurance Within the Household: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOH), and ORC Macro (2004). Kenya Demographic and Healtha Field Experiment in Kenya Jonathan Robinson y Universitysharing arrangements in Kenya. The experiment followed 142

Robinson, Jonathan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Evaluation of two methods of estimating larval habitat productivity in western Kenya highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the highlands of western Kenya. Mosquito species identifiedGlobal Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, P.O. Box 1578, Kisumu 40100, Kenya. 2 Kilimanjaro Christian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Peer Effects and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Textbooks and Test Scores in Kenya. ” National Bureau ofRandomized Evaluation in Kenya Esther Duflo Pascaline Dupasa Randomized Evaluation in Kenya Esther Duflo 1 , Pascaline

Duflo, Esther; Dupas, Pascaline; Kremer, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Savings Constraints and Microenterprise Development: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and National Income in Kenya. ” Economic Development andand Credit Associations in Kenya”, Economic Development andfrom a Field Experiment in Kenya Pascaline Dupas Jonathan

Dupas, Pascaline; Robinson, Jonathan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Savings Constraints and Microenterprise Development: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and National Income in Kenya. ” Economic Development andand Credit Associations in Kenya”, Economic Development andfrom a Field Experiment in Kenya Pascaline Dupas University

Robinson, Jonathan; Dupas, Pascaline

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

A cohort study of Plasmodium falciparum infection dynamics in Western Kenya Highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dynamics in Western Kenya Highlands. BMC Infectious DiseasesVector Biology and Control Research, Kenya Medical ResearchInstitute, Kisumu, Kenya. 3 Liverpool School of Tropical

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Temporal and spatial stability of Anopheles gambiae larval habitat distribution in western Kenya highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution in Western Kenya highlands Li Li* 1 , Ling Biandata collected in western Kenya highlands during both drylarval habitats in western Kenya. The precipitation data of

Li, Li; Bian, Ling; Yakob, Laith; Zhou, Guofa; Yan, Guiyun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Developing Statistics Education in Kenya Through Technological Innovations at all Academic Levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for teaching statistics in Kenya. Proceedings of the Eighthstatistics teaching in Kenya. IBS SUSAN conferenceat Maseno University, Kenya. Proceedings of International

Stern, David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Small Businesses in Kenya." Lumina Project Technicalfor Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps Petermany people and businesses in Kenya who participated in this

Johnstone, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Multimodal Transport Modeling for Nairobi, Kenya: Insights and Recommendations with an Evidence-Based Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An approach for Nairobi, Kenya. Working Paper UCB-ITS-VWP-Modeling for Nairobi, Kenya: Insights and RecommendationsModeling for Nairobi, Kenya: Insights and Recommendations

Gonzales, Eric J.; Chavis, Celeste; Li, Yuwei; Daganzo, Carlos F.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Modest additive effects of integrated vector control measures on malaria prevalence and transmission in western Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Director of Kenya Medical Research Institute. This2 Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical ResearchInstitute, Kisumu, Kenya. CIRAD Bios – UR Bioagresseurs,

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Insecticide-treated net (ITN) ownership, usage, and malaria transmission in the highlands of western Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Director of Kenya Medical Research Institute. Theat Center for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical ResearchInstitute, Kisumu, Kenya. His research focuses on

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Agricultural Technology Adoption: A Panel Analysis of Smallholder Farmers’ Fertilizer use in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Market Liberalization in Kenya. Tegemeo Working Paper:Malawi, Zambia, and Kenya. Regional Strategic AgriculturalTechnologies in Embu District, Kenya. Mexico, D.F. : CIMMYT

Olwande, John; Sikei, Geophrey; Mathenge, Mary

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Linking local perceptions of elephants and conservation: Samburu pastoralists in northern Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Restocking Pastoralists in Kenya: A Strategy for Relief andand Conservation in Amboseli, Kenya. PhD Dissertation,Cambridge University. Kenya Wildlife Service, 2000.

Kuriyan, Renee

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Insecticide-treated net (ITN) ownership, usage, and malaria transmission in the highlands of western Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Director of Kenya Medical Research Institute. The workHealth Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu,Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, P.O. Box

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Predation efficiency of Anopheles gambiae larvae by aquatic predators in western Kenya highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, P. O. Boxthe Director of Kenya Medical Research Institute. AuthorHealth Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, P. O. Box

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana March 16, 2012 - 2:16pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The United States announced today that it has formed a new bilateral partnership with Ghana that will build on the strong bilateral ties between the two countries and support further cooperation on a range of economic development issues. On March 9, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Ghana Finance Minister Kwabena Duffuor signed a Statement of Principles reaffirming our bilateral commitment to supporting President Obama's Partnership for Growth (PfG) Initiative. Ghana is one of the first four countries globally - including El Salvador, Tanzania, and the Philippines - to participate in the interagency PfG Initiative.

51

United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana March 16, 2012 - 2:16pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The United States announced today that it has formed a new bilateral partnership with Ghana that will build on the strong bilateral ties between the two countries and support further cooperation on a range of economic development issues. On March 9, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Ghana Finance Minister Kwabena Duffuor signed a Statement of Principles reaffirming our bilateral commitment to supporting President Obama's Partnership for Growth (PfG) Initiative. Ghana is one of the first four countries globally - including El Salvador, Tanzania, and the Philippines - to participate in the interagency PfG Initiative.

52

KE Basin Sludge Flocculant Testing  

SciTech Connect

In the revised path forward and schedule for the K Basins Sludge Retrieval and Disposal Project, the sludge in K East (KE) Basin will be moved from the floor and pits and transferred to large, free-standing containers located in the pits (so as to isolate the sludge from the basin). When the sludge is pumped into the containers, it must settle fast enough and clarify sufficiently that the overflow water returned to the basin pool will not cloud the water or significantly increase the radiological dose rate to the operations staff as a result of increased suspended radioactive material. The approach being evaluated to enhance sludge settling and speed the rate of clarification is to add a flocculant to the sludge while it is being transferred to the containers. In February 2004, seven commercial flocculants were tested with a specific K Basin sludge simulant to identify those agents that demonstrated good performance over a broad range of slurry solids concentrations. From this testing, a cationic polymer flocculant, Nalco Optimer 7194 Plus (7194+), was shown to exhibit superior performance. Related prior testing with K Basin sludge and simulant in 1994/1996 had also identified this agent as promising. In March 2004, four series of jar tests were conducted with 7194+ and actual KE Basin sludge (prepared by combining selected archived KE sludge samples). The results from these jar tests show that 7194+ greatly improves settling of the sludge slurries and clarification of the supernatant.

Schmidt, Andrew J.; Hallen, Richard T.; Muzatko, Danielle S.; Gano, Sue

2004-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

53

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an Appliance Market...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an Appliance Market Transformation Program Design for Africa Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-61251 Year of...

54

Ghana-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IAEA project database1 IAEA is working with Ghana on Evaluating the Role of Nuclear Power in Future Options for Electricity Generation activities. References "IAEA...

55

Seasonality, precautionary savings and health uncertainty: Evidence from farm households in Central Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on rural households in Kenya." World Development 32(1):91-Second report on poverty in Kenya. Incidence and depth ofPlanning. Government of Kenya. —. 2004. "Kenya Demographic

Ndirangu, Lydia; Burger, Kees; Moll, Hank A.J.; Kuyvenhoven, Arie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Business Prosperity in Kenya Peter Johnstone * , Arnemany people and businesses in Kenya who participated in thismarket testing field work in Kenya’s Rift Valley Province,

Johnstone, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Trade liberalizations effect on India, Kenya, and Mexico / Handelsliberaliserings betydning for Indien, Kenya og Mexico.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Handelsliberaliserings betydning for Indien, Kenya og Mexico. Redegør for hypotese om, at liberalisering af handel er til gavn for underudviklede lande, hvis tilpasningen til verdensmarkedet… (more)

Mohammadi, Ardeshir

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Ghana UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

59

Ghana-GTZ Sustainable Economic Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Economic Development Economic Development Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana-GTZ Sustainable Economic Development Name Ghana-GTZ Sustainable Economic Development Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Partner German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Website http://www.gtz.de/en/weltweit/ Program Start 2006 Program End 2013 Country Ghana Western Africa References Sustainable Economic Development in Ghana[1] GTZ is working with Ghana on this project with the following objective: "The judicial, economic and institutional framework conditions and the access to energy as well as to financial and non-financial services has

60

Ghana-Forest Investment Program (FIP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Forest Investment Program (FIP) Ghana-Forest Investment Program (FIP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Forest Investment Program (FIP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2008 Country Ghana Western Africa References Forest Investment Program (FIP)[1] Forest Investment Program[2] Brazil Specific Documents[3] Democratic Republic of Congo Specific Documents[4] Ghana Specific Documents[5] Indonesia Specific Documents[6] Laos Specific Documents[7] Mexico Specific Documents[8] Peru Specific Documents[9] Overview "The Forest Investment Program (FIP) is a targeted program of the Strategic Climate Fund (SCF), which is one of two funds within the framework of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

National Renewable Energy Report for SWERA: Ghana | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Report for SWERA: Ghana Report for SWERA: Ghana Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The National Renewable Energy Report describes the energy situation in Ghana and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities. (Purpose): To promote solar and wind energy investments. Source Ghana Energy Commission Date Released September 02nd, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated November 07th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords documentation Ghana renewable energy solar SWERA UNEP wind Data application/msword icon Download Document (doc, 1.2 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2005 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

62

Kenya-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cooperation Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-DLR Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization German Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Resource assessment Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Dataset, Maps Website http://www.dlr.de/tt/desktopde Program Start 2001 Program End 2004 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References DLR-SWERA Resource Assessments[1] From 2001 to 2004 the German Aerospace Center (DLR) worked with Kenya on solar resource and GIS analysis as part of UNEP's Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Programme. References ↑ "DLR-SWERA Resource Assessments" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Kenya-DLR_Cooperation&oldid=328873"

63

Kenya SWERA-Country Report.pdf  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KENYA COUNTRY REPORT KENYA COUNTRY REPORT SOLAR AND WIND ENERGY RESOURCE ASSESSMENT Nairobi, 23 May 2008 i ii Disclaimer This report is a compilation of information relating to the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Project (SWERA) including data capturing and analysis, computation and mapping using GIS and other technologies to produce a national solar and wind atlases for Kenya. The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations Environment Programme, Government of Kenya, Practical Action or any other party or organizations and countries involved in the SWERA project. Any omissions or alteration of the intended meaning and discrepancies are highly regretted. Daniel Theuri Lead Implementer SWERA National Team Nairobi, 23 May 2008 iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

64

Topography as a modifier of breeding habitats and concurrent vulnerability to malaria risk in the western Kenya highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Director of Kenya Medical Research Institute. TheGlobal Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute,Kisumu, Page 11 of 12 Kenya. 2 Community Health Department,

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

ECN-Supporting low carbon growth in Ghana | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

low carbon growth in Ghana low carbon growth in Ghana Jump to: navigation, search Name Supporting low carbon growth in Ghana Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Partner Ghana Energy Commission, Tokornoo and Associates, STEPRI, Kumasi Institute of Technology and Environment (KITE) Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Topics Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ecn.nl/fileadmin/ec Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Ghana Western Africa References Low Carbon Development in Ghana, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs [1] Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) curve, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs[2] NAMAs and MRV, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs[3]

66

XUAN Ke's music and life story  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Han Chinese Traditional Music Performance By XUAN Ke’s Orchestra, Lijiang, Oct 2003 00:18 An introduction of the background of the music, by XUAN Ke. 02:49 No. I Eight Trigrams (??), a Taoist ritual music in Tang Dynasty (1741) 13:47 No. I Lang Tao...

Xuan Ke, Alan Macfarlane

2005-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

67

Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Name Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) Agency/Company /Organization Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) International Partner European Union (EU), the Netherlands Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Economic Development, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Website http://www.gvepinternational.o Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP)[1]

68

Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Small Businesses in Kenya Kristen Radecsky*, Petermany people and businesses in Kenya who participated in thisin two small towns in Kenya’s Rift Valley Province. The work

Radecsky, Kristen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Ghana Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) Jump to: navigation, search Name of project Ghana Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) Location of project Ghana Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Information and communications Year initiated 2007 Organization World Bank Website http://web.worldbank.org/exter Coordinates 7.946527°, -1.023194° References World Bank[1] The objective of the Energy Development and Access Project in Ghana is to improve the operational efficiency of the electricity distribution system and increase the population's access to electricity. This will also cause Ghana to support its transition to a low-carbon economy through the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). The project has three main

70

Ghana-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI Ghana-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name Ghana-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -NAMA, -TNA

71

Ghana-REDD Readiness Requires Radical Reform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Readiness Requires Radical Reform Readiness Requires Radical Reform Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-REDD Readiness Requires Radical Reform Agency/Company /Organization UN-REDD Programme Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Implementation, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Maps, Guide/manual, Training materials Website http://environment.yale.edu/tf Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References Ghana-REDD Readiness[1] Summary "The fundamental changes needed for sustainable forest management in Ghana have been known for years, and many large projects have been instigated accordingly. Yet real change has proved elusive. The key challenge now is to get REDD-plus right so that it makes a difference. Dialogue participants

72

Initiatives Related to Climate Change in Ghana | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Initiatives Related to Climate Change in Ghana Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Initiatives Related to Climate Change in Ghana Agency/Company /Organization: Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Sector: Energy, Land, Water, Climate Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Transportation, Forestry Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: cdkn.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Ghana-initiatives-mapping-climate- Country: Ghana Cost: Free UN Region: Western Africa

73

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Surveys Speaker(s): Essel Ben Hagan Date: July 12, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Robert Van Buskirk Galen Barbose As part of activities to develop refrigerator efficiency standards regulations in Ghana, a national survey on the energy consumption of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers has been conducted. The survey covered 1000 households in urban, peri-urban and rural communities in various parts of the country. The survey found that, on average, refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers in Ghana use almost three times what is allowed by minimum efficiency standards in the U.S., and a few refrigerators had energy use at levels almost ten times the U.S.

74

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Surveys Speaker(s): Essel Ben Hagan Date: July 12, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of...

75

Kenya-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Activities World Bank Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-World Bank Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Country Kenya Eastern Africa References World Bank project database[1] Contents 1 Active World Bank Climate Projects in Kenya 1.1 Kenya: Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (KACCAL) (5.5 M) Global Environment Project, Pipeline 1.2 Kenya Agricultural Carbon Project (1M) Carbon Offset, Pipeline 1.3 CF Kengen, Kiambere, Tana, Eburru (2.77 M) Carbon Offset 1.4 Kenya KenGen Carbon Finance umbrella, Carbon Offset 1.5 Western Kenya Integrated Ecosystem Management Project (4.1M) Global Environment Project

76

Evaluation of the complementary use of the ceramic (Kosim) filter and Aquatabs in Northern Region, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kosim filter is a ceramic water filter that is currently used in Northern Ghana. Based on prior MIT research in Northern Ghana, this technology is effective at removing 92% of turbidity, 99.4% of total coliforms, and ...

Swanton, Andrew A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Hemispheric ceramic pot filter evaluation and quality assurance program in Northern Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pure Home Water (PHW) is a non-profit based in Ghana that seeks to bring safe drinking water to those most in need in Northern Ghana through the production, sale, and distribution of ceramic pot filters (CPF) and other ...

Miller, Matthew Rhodes

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

The impacts of oil and gas activities on fisheries in the western region of Ghana .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ghana’s find of oil and gas in commercial quantities marks the beginning of a billion-dollar industry. The exploration and production of it is a major… (more)

Egyir, Isaac Kwasi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Ceramic filter manufacturing in Northern Ghana : water storage and quality control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2009, Pure Home Water (PHW), a Ghana based non-profit organization working to provide affordable and safe drinking water to people in the Northern Region of Ghana, began the construction of a ceramic pot filter (CPF) ...

Kleiman, Shanti Lisa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Kenya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya: Energy Resources Kenya: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":1,"lon":38,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Cost of Community Integrated Prevention Campaign for Malaria, HIV, and Diarrhea in Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Diarrhea in Rural Kenya. BMC Health Services ResearchControl and Prevention (CDC)- Kenya, KEMRI Complex, MbagathiNairobi, PO Box 606-00621, Kenya. 4 Department of Disease

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Pediatric Epilepsy and Well-Being in Coastal Kenya: Notes from the Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

treatment choice here in Kenya, that understanding how GildWell-Being in Coastal Kenya: Notes from tbe field' Nathanielten-month period in Kiliji, Kenya. My research examines how

Kendall-Taylor, Nathaniel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Choosing and Using Safe Water Technologies: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Achieving Safe Water Behaviors in Kenya 2.1 Study DesignWater in Rural Western Kenya: Cluster Randomized Controlled263–291. (KARI), Kibos Station Kenya Agricultural Research

Luoto, Jill Emily

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Karen M. Booth: Local Women, Global Science: Fighting AIDS in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science: Fighting AIDS in Kenya. Indiana University Press,is a solid piece of work on HTV/ AIDS in Kenya. Booth'sthe history of disease in Kenya, her critical assessment of

George, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Predation efficiency of Anopheles gambiae larvae by aquatic predators in western Kenya highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gambiae s.s larvae in western Kenya are being reported hereP. O. Box 1578, Kisumu 40100, Kenya. 2 Kilimanjaro ChristianAnopheles gambiae complex in Kenya: comparison between rice

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

The Viability of Sport as an Intervention Model: Preliminary Field Notes from Kilifi, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adolescent girls in Kilifi, Kenya. It is my hope that IhisField Notes From Kilifi, Kenya i Andrea Kendall-Taylori iawareness in girls in coastal Kenya. Sport initiatives have

Kendall-Taylor, Andrea

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Perspectives on types of schools from Ghana and Pakistan: revisiting the relationship between  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perspectives on types of schools from Ghana and Pakistan: revisiting the relationship between in both Ghana and Pakistan. While parents focus more on the economic opportunities that are becoming providers in the field of education in both Ghana and Pakistan. This has created a discernable rise

Travis, Adrian

88

Energy conservation in Kenya: progress, potentials, problems  

SciTech Connect

A study was carried out of the flows of commercial energy in the economy of Kenya. Indications were sought of the extent to which energy conservation, (i.e., increase in efficiency of energy use) has reduced the ratio of energy inputs to economic outputs, in the post-1973 years. An assessment was made of the potential for energy conservation to reduce the growth of Kenyan energy use in the future and of significant barriers to increasing energy efficiency. Consideration was given to the role of government policy and of international assistance in fostering energy conservation in Kenya and other developing countries. The study was performed by analyzing available energy data and statistics from the largest oil companies, the Kenyan electric utility, and the government. These sources were supplemented by conducting personal interviews with personnel of nearly 50 commercial firms in Kenya. Direct consumption of fuel accounts for 94% of the commercial energy use in Kenya, while electricity accounts for 6%. The sectoral division of fuel use is: transportation 53%, industry 21%, energy production 11%, agriculture 9%, buildings and residences 5%, and construction 1%. For electricity the division is: buildings and residences 48%, industry 45%, energy production 4%, agriculture 2%, and construction 1%. Recent progress in conservation is reported.

Schipper, L.; Hollander, J.M.; Milukas, M.; Alcamo, J.; Meyers, S.; Noll, S.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), University of Ghana Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/assist Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References CDKN-Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework[1] Policy brief[2]

90

Energy demand and conservation in Kenya: initial appraisal  

SciTech Connect

Ongoing research into the use and conservation of energy in Kenya is reported briefly. A partial accounting of energy use in Kenya is presented, and evidence that some energy conservation has been taking place is discussed. A fuller accounting for all commercial energy flows is both possible and desirable. The work presented should serve as a basis for further data collection and analysis in Kenya, and can be used as a model for similar efforts in other countries. The author intends to continue much of this energy accounting in Kenya in the latter half of 1980.

Schipper, L.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

System dynamics model of construction output in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates fluctuations of construction output, and growth of the output in Kenya. Fluctuation and growth of construction activity are matters of concern in… (more)

Mbiti, T

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Mother and daughter communication about sexual health in rural Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The present study focused on young women, and the manner in which communication with their mothers may facilitate decreased sexual risk behaviors in rural Kenya.… (more)

Velcoff, Jessica

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Et Skridt Frem - Om Udnyttelse af Geotermisk Energi i Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this thesis is to examine the following issue: “While Kenya has a large potential for geothermal energy, how can this be exploited… (more)

Riley, Rasmus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Women and Housing Co-operatives in Nairobi, Kenya .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the potential of housing co-operatives to provide adequate housing for women, focusing on the context of Nairobi, Kenya. The limitations of the… (more)

Voellmecke, Lesley

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

were interviewed, producers of solar heating equipment, andThe prospects for solar water heating in Kenya are bright.particularly wnere solar water heating or most industrial

Schipper, Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Impact of the Internet on Tourism and Hospitality in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis gives an insight into the importance of the use of the Internet in tourism and hospitality industries in Kenya. The aim of this… (more)

Njung'e, Mercyanne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment for Ghana  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana Ghana provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Ghana provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give projet developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected

98

On the 17-keV neutrino  

SciTech Connect

A brief review on the status of the 17-keV neutrino is presented. Several different experiments found spectral distortions which were consistently interpreted as evidence for a heavy neutrino admixture in [beta] decay. Recent experiments, however, rule out the existence of a 17-keV neutrino as well as escaping criticisms of earlier null results. Moreover, the majority of positive results have been reinterpreted in terms of instrumental effects, despite the need for a different explanation in each case. Anomalies persist in the low energy region of the tritium spectrum which deserve further investigation.

Hime, A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

On the 17-keV neutrino  

SciTech Connect

A brief review on the status of the 17-keV neutrino is presented. Several different experiments found spectral distortions which were consistently interpreted as evidence for a heavy neutrino admixture in {beta} decay. Recent experiments, however, rule out the existence of a 17-keV neutrino as well as escaping criticisms of earlier null results. Moreover, the majority of positive results have been reinterpreted in terms of instrumental effects, despite the need for a different explanation in each case. Anomalies persist in the low energy region of the tritium spectrum which deserve further investigation.

Hime, A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

KE Basin underwater visual fuel survey  

SciTech Connect

Results of an underwater video fuel survey in KE Basin using a high resolution camera system are presented. Quantitative and qualitative information on fuel degradation are given, and estimates of the total fraction of ruptured fuel elements are provided. Representative photographic illustrations showing the range of fuel conditions observed in the survey are included.

Pitner, A.L.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Nairobi, Kenya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nairobi, Kenya: Energy Resources Nairobi, Kenya: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 184745 Coordinates -1.274359°, 36.813106° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-1.274359,"lon":36.813106,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

102

Social Interactions, Ethnicity and Fertility in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are grateful to Wiji Arulampalam, Ethan Cohen-Cole, Partha Dasgupta, Gernot Doppelhofer, Steven Durlauf, Timothy Guinnane, Andrew Harvey, Larry Iannaccone, Hashem Pesaran, Richard Smith, and Chander Velu. We acknowledge funding from the Centre for Research... of the group is small, such as interaction e¤ects within extended families of small communities. 3 Overview of ethnic groups in Kenya Social interactions and channels of message transmission about fertility behaviour are important at the level of ethnicity...

Iyer, Sriya; Weeks, Melvyn

103

Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Kenya Eastern Africa References UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services[1] Overview "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services consist of policy advice, technical

104

Kenya-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Kenya-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Agency/Company /Organization Danish Government Partner Danish Ministry for Climate, Energy, and Building; The Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy Topics Implementation, Low emission development planning Program Start 2011 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Denmark[1] Overview Progress and Outcomes Capacity building needs identified are lessons learned, challenges and gaps, including those that may be common between countries, and aspects of good practice for assumptions, methodologies and other aspects of baseline setting. References ↑ "Denmark" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Kenya-Danish_Government_Baseline_Workstream&oldid=699929"

105

www.deafrica.net Botswana Ghana Mali Senegal Tanzania Zambia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to development and poverty alleviation. · Particular focus on M&E and impact analysis of energy projects Market conditions Can information on development impacts influence policy and project design? #12;7 DEA1 www.deafrica.net Botswana Ghana Mali Senegal Tanzania Zambia Development and Energy in Africa

106

Land-Cover Dynamics in an Urban Area of Ghana  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of this study were to quantify land-cover changes. A short-term projection of land-cover distribution in a 2400-ha (1 ha = 10 000 m2 ) area of northern Ghana was generated. Landsat Thematic Mapper images acquired in 1984, 1992, and ...

Ademola K. Braimoh; Paul L. G. Vlek

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Ghana-GTZ Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Programme Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana-GTZ Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Programme Name Ghana-GTZ Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Programme Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/um Country Ghana Western Africa References Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Programme in Ghana[1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. References ↑ "Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector Programme in Ghana" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ghana-GTZ_Electrification_Component_of_the_Promotion_of_Private_Sector_Programme&oldid=328714"

108

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of flashlights and their users in Kenya Photo 1. One of theof LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis ofthanks to the many people in Kenya who participated in this

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Linking Farmer, Forest and Watershed: Agricultural Systems and Natural Resources Management Along the Upper Njoro River, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crop Maize, UCRN Maize, Kenya Drybeans, UCRN Drybeans, SubSaharan Africa Pyrethrum, UCRN Pyrethrum, Kenya Potato,UCRN Potato, Kenya 9 M ' #H H # H H 6:? B # H H # H H

Krupnik, Timothy J.; Jenkins, Marion W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Linking farmer, forest and watershed: Understanding forestry and soil resource management along the upper Njoro River, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Soil Analysis. Nairobi, Kenya. , Ministry of Agriculture,P. 702. Ogot, B. A. 1978. Kenya Before 1990. Nairobi: EastLake NakuruNational Park, Kenya. The Professional Geographer

Krupnik, Timothy J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Transnational movements, human rights and democracy : legal mobilization strategies and majoritarian constraints in Kenya, 1982-2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State of the Judiciary in Kenya, p. 78, footnote 72. SectionNew Constitutional Framework in Kenya. ” Africa Today Bates,The Kenyatta Election: Kenya 1960 –1961. New York: Oxford

Feeley, Maureen Catherine

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Moving the Goalposts: The Impact of Soccer on the Lives and Prospects of Girls and Young Women Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004). Seventh lowest out of 69 districts in Kenya UNDP (2005) Fourth Kenya Human Development Report 2 MTGK (2005) '·Girls and Young Women in Rural Kenya Sarah Forde and Andrea

Forde, Sarah; Kendall-Taylor, Andrea

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Topography as a modifier of breeding habitats and concurrent vulnerability to malaria risk in the western Kenya highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Director of Kenya Medical Research Institute. The workHealth Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, P.O. BoxHealth Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, P.O. Box

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Structural style of the Turkana Rift, Kenya  

SciTech Connect

Multifold seismic reflection and geologic mapping in part of the eastern branch of the East African Rift system of northern Kenya reveal a major rift structure containing at least 3 km of Neogene sediment fill beneath Lake Turkana. This includes a series of half-graben basins, with centrally located quaternary volcanic centers, which are linked end-to-end by structural accommodation zones. Whereas the geometry of rifting is similar to that of the nonvolcanic western branch of the East African Rift system, the Turkana half-grabens are much smaller and may reflect extension of a thinner lithosphere or development of more closely spaced fracture patterns during rift evolution, or both.

Dunkelman, T.J.; Karson, J.A.; Rosendahl, B.R.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in Smallholder Systems (SAMPLES) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in Smallholder Systems (SAMPLES) Agency/Company /Organization CGIAR's Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the European Union, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Partner International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Ministry of Agriculture Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Macroeconomic, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -TNA

116

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit for Ghana from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Stand-alone and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the geospatial toolkit executable, Getting Started Document, and metadata.

117

Event:Sustainable Energy Finance Summer Academy - Nairobi, Kenya | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Finance Summer Academy - Nairobi, Kenya Finance Summer Academy - Nairobi, Kenya Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Sustainable Energy Finance Summer Academy - Nairobi, Kenya: on 2012/10/21 UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate and Sustainable Energy Finance (the Centre) offers a second Summer Academy this year for the very first time in Nairobi, Kenya with a special regional focus on Africa. The Summer Academy targets project developers, policy advisors, financiers and consultants. The Academy offers a comprehensive framework for financing renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in both emerging and developing markets, including practical, integrated knowledge and tools. There will be a wealth of opportunities to network and solve problems with other relevant stakeholders. Please note: The selection of applications will be on a first-come,

118

Kenya-Capital Markets Climate Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Kenya-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Capital Markets Climate Initiative Agency/Company /Organization World Economic Forum Partner UK Department of Energy and Climate Sector Climate Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/cont Country Kenya Eastern Africa References CMCI[1] World Economic Forum[2] The Capital Markets Climate Initiative (CMCI) is a public-private initiative designed to support the scale up of private finance flows for low carbon technologies, solutions and infrastructure in developing economies by: Developing a common understanding amongst policy makers of why and how public sector action can help mobilise private capital and encourage new markets in low carbon investments

119

Appropriate water treatment for the Nyanza Province of Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2000 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in conjunction with CARE International began working with several local non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the Nyanza Province of Kenya to reduce the rate ...

Alekal, Pragnya Y. (Pragnya Yogesh), 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Kenya-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Kenya-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Department of Energy, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency Topics Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Resource assessment Program Start 2010 Program End 2016 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References EC-LEDS[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Framework 3 Lessons Learned and Good Practices 4 Progress and Outcomes

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -NAMA, -TNA

122

Kenya-LEDS Tier I Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-LEDS Tier I Activities Kenya-LEDS Tier I Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-LEDS Tier I Activities Agency/Company /Organization United States Department of State, United States Department of Agriculture Partner Multiple Ministries of Agriculture Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture, Land Use Topics Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://transition.usaid.gov/ou Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Program[1] Overview "Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) is a U.S. Government initiative to support developing countries' efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable,

123

Kenya-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP Climate Activities UNDP Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis UN Region Eastern Africa References UNDP Climate Projects Map [1] UNDP Climate Projects in Kenya Coping with Drought & Climate Change Coping with Drought & Climate Change Coping with drought and climate change Coping with Drought and Climate Change Coping with Drought and Climate Change (4KEN05410) Development and Implementation of a Standards and Labelling Programme in Kenya Kenya Sustainable Transport Development: "Road Bypass Constructions" on Major Urban Centres along the Northern Corridor in Kenya Regional Project Building capacity in sub-Saharan Africa to respond to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC (Completed)

124

A Newly Found Jet in North Kenya (Turkana Channel)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On the basis of recent pilot balloon observations which have become available in northern Kenya, it is shown that there exists a strong southeasterly low-level jet in the Turkana Channel which separates the Ethiopian Highlands the East African ...

J. H. Kinuthia; G. C. Asnani

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Surrogates for Government? NGOs and the State in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003. McSherry, B. and J.N. Brass. “The Political Economy ofBrendan and Jennifer N. Brass. 2007. “The Political Economyin Kenya by Jennifer Naomi Brass A dissertation submitted in

Brass, Jennifer Naomi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Diagnosing Kenya Rainfall in Boreal Autumn: Further Exploration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A powerful zonal vertical circulation cell along the Indian Ocean equator controls the boreal autumn rains in Kenya, with a tight negative correlation between surface westerlies (UEQ) and rainfall. UEQ is favored by a steep eastward pressure ...

Charles Mutai; Dierk Polzin; Stefan Hastenrath

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Prospects for grid-connected solar PV in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kenya's electric power system is heavily reliant on hydropower, leaving it vulnerable during recurring droughts. Supply shortfalls are currently met through the use of expensive leased diesel generation. Therefore, plans ...

Rose, Amy Michelle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

CDKN-Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), University of Ghana Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/assist Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References CDKN-Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework[1] Policy brief[2] "CDKN responded to a request by the Government of Ghana to help develop a

129

HIV mortality in urban slums of Nairobi, Kenya 2003¿2010: a period effect analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Background It has been almost a decade since HIV was declared a national disaster in Kenya. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) provision has been a mainstay of HIV treatment efforts globally. In Kenya, the government started ART provision in 2003...

Oti, Samuel O; Mutua, Michael; Mgomella, George S; Egondi, Thaddaeus; Ezeh, Alex; Kyobutungi, Catherine

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

130

Evaluation of two methods of estimating larval habitat productivity in western Kenya highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, P. O. BoxAfrica Institute of Medical Research; 1987. 29. Scott JA,Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, P. O. Box

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Report on the feasibility study for improving electric motor service centers in Ghana  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On March 3 and 4, 1998, a visit was made to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) by two officials from Ghana: Mr. I.K. Mintah, Acting Executive Director, Technical Wing, Ministry of Mines and Energy (MOME) and Dr. A.K. Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Coordinator, Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program, MOME. As a result of this visit, Dr. John S. Hsu of ORNL was invited by MOME to visit the Republic of Ghana in order to study the feasibility of improving electric motor service centers in Ghana.

Hsu, J.S.; Jallouk, P.A.; Staunton, R.H.

1999-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

132

An Integrated Geophysical Analysis Of The Upper Crust Of The Southern Kenya  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Upper Crust Of The Southern Kenya Upper Crust Of The Southern Kenya Rift Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Integrated Geophysical Analysis Of The Upper Crust Of The Southern Kenya Rift Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Previous interpretations of seismic data collected by the Kenya Rift International Seismic Project (KRISP) experiments indicate the presence of crustal thickening within the rift valley area beneath the Kenya dome, an uplift centred on the southern part of the Kenya rift. North of the dome, these interpretations show thinning of the crust and an increase in crustal extension. To the south near the Kenya/Tanzania border, crustal thinning associated with the rift is modest. Our study was aimed at further investigating crustal structure from this dome southwards via a

133

Meteorology: typical meteorological data for selected stations in Ghana  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data for selected stations in Ghana data for selected stations in Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each TMY is a data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. The container file contains one TMY file for each selected station in the region, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations> (Supplemental Information): A TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. The intended use is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years. Because they represent typical rather than extreme conditions, they are not suited for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location.

134

Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Dialogue, Advisory Services, Benchmarking Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Dialogue, Advisory Services, Benchmarking Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Ghana Western Africa References Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)[1] Program Overview The project will promote Green Economy in developing countries and emerging economies as a realistic approach towards low-carbon development. It will

135

Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened and How  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened and How Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened and How to Sustain It Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why is Happened and How to Sustain It Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.oecd.org/dataoecd/38/58/41041414.pdf Country: Cameroon, Mali, Ghana UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

136

Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://www.ecn.nl/en/ Program Start 2009 Program End 2010 Country Ghana Western Africa References ECN Policy Studies[1] Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies[2] Overview The projects has three main goals: to provide input for a general methodology for developing Low Carbon Development Strategies to contribute to knowledge, mutual understanding and experience on the concept of Low Carbon Development Strategies with the aim to inform the international climate negotiations

137

Pilot study of horizontal roughing filtration in northern Ghana as pretreatment for highly turbid dugout water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Northern Region Ghana (NRG), highly turbid rainwater runoff and intermittent streams are collected in earthen dams called dugouts. These dams serve as many communities' main source of drinking and domestic water despite ...

Losleben, Tamar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Modification of a biosand filter in the northern region of Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four local plastic design (LPD) BSFs were constructed in Northern Region, Ghana, to test and evaluate an experimental modification of the LPD BSF for treatment of highly turbid water. Modifications of the LPD BSFs were ...

Kikkawa, Izumi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Household water treatment and safe storage options for Northern Region Ghana : consumer preference and relative cost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A range of household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) products are available in Northern Region Ghana which have the potential to significantly improve local drinking water quality. However, to date, the region has ...

Green, Vanessa (Vanessa Layton)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Historical and Future Land-Cover Change in a Municipality of Ghana  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban land-cover change is increasing dramatically in most developing nations. In Africa and in the New Juaben municipality of Ghana in particular, political stability and active socioeconomic progress has pushed the urban frontier into the ...

Emmanuel M. Attua; Joshua B. Fisher

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Energy Sector in Ghana - The Potential of Standards and Labeling...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Sector in Ghana - The Potential of Standards and Labeling Programs as a Tool for Saving Energy Speaker(s): A. B. Boadi-Mensah Date: August 30, 2001 - 12:00pm Location:...

142

Water quality and business aspects of sachet-vended water in Tamale, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microbial water quality analyses were conducted on 15 samples of factory-produced sachet water and 15 samples of hand-tied sachet water, sold in Tamale, Ghana. The tests included the membrane filtration (MF) test using ...

Okioga, Teshamulwa (Teshamulwa Irene)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Design of fuel efficient brick kiln for ceramic water filter firing in Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ceramic water filters are currently produced in Ghana in order to provide a household solution to contaminated water. These filters, locally branded with the name Kosim filter by originating from Potters for Peace-Nicaragua, ...

Adjorlolo, Eric (Eric James Kofi)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Water quality and business aspects of sachet-vended water in Tamale, Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microbial water quality analyses were conducted on 15 samples of factory-produced sachet water and 15 samples of hand-tied sachet water, sold in Tamale, Ghana. The… (more)

Okioga, Teshamulwa (Teshamulwa Irene)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Cross-sectional epidemiological study on water and sanitation practices in the northern region of Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted to obtain baseline data on drinking water and sanitation practices in the Northern Region of Ghana. This study was performed in conjunction with Pure Home Water (PHW) ...

Peletz, Rachel Louise

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Social determinants, lived experiences, and consequences of household food insecurity among persons living with HIV/AIDS on the shore of Lake Victoria, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shore of Lake Victoria, Kenya 1 Social determinants, livedshore of Lake Victoria, Kenya Jason M. Nagata a,b* , RichardIsland, Nyanza Province, Kenya; d Department of Obstetrics,

Nagata, Jason M; Magerenge, Richard O; Young, Sera L; Oguta, Joel O; Weiser, Sheri D; Cohen, Craig R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Peasant Response to Agricultural Innovations: Land Consolidation, Agrarian Diversification and Technical Change. The Case of Bungoma District in Western Kenya, 1954-1960.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Crisis in Colonial Kenya: The Dialectic of Domination.Economies: Some Lessons from Kenya. New York: The Macmillanof the Nyanza Province of Kenya 1903-1953. London: Oxford

Makana, Nicholas E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Technical Report - Ghana Wind Energy Resource Assessment | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana Wind Energy Resource Assessment Ghana Wind Energy Resource Assessment Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km2) wind energy resource maps for Ghana. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within Ghana. Source NREL Date Released August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Keywords documentation GEF Ghana GIS NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 54.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2006 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Restrictions to use (Use Constraints): This GIS data was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory ("NREL"), which is operated by the Midwest Research Institute for the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE"). The user is granted the right, without any fee or cost, to use, copy, modify, alter, enhance and distribute this data for any purpose whatsoever, provided that this entire notice appears in all copies of the data. Further, the user of this data agrees to credit NREL in any publications or software that incorporate or use the data. Access to and use of the GIS data shall further impose the following obligations on the User. The names DOE/NREL may not be used in any advertising or publicity to endorse or promote any product or commercial entity using or incorporating the GIS data unless specific written authorization is obtained from DOE/NREL. The User also understands that DOE/NREL shall not be obligated to provide updates, support, consulting, training or assistance of any kind whatsoever with regard to the use of the GIS data. THE GIS DATA IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL DOE/NREL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO CLAIMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOSS OF DATA OR PROFITS, WHICH MAY RESULT FROM AN ACTION IN CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS CLAIM THAT ARISES OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE ACCESS OR USE OF THE GIS DATA. The User acknowledges that access to the GIS data is subject to U.S. Export laws and regulations and any use or transfer of the GIS data must be authorized under those regulations. The User shall not use, distribute, transfer, or transmit GIS data or any products incorporating the GIS data except in compliance with U.S. export regulations. If requested by DOE/NREL, the User agrees to sign written assurances and other export-related documentation as may be required to comply with U.S. export regulations.

149

Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) [1] The intended outcome of the programme is that new mechanisms are established by the Govt. of Kenya, private sector and civil society to enable substantially expanded investments for increased resilience to

150

Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) [1] The intended outcome of the programme is that new mechanisms are established by the Govt. of Kenya, private sector and civil society to enable substantially expanded investments for increased resilience to

151

Microsoft Word - Ghana_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessment (SWERA) Assessment (SWERA) High Resolution Solar Radiation Assessment for Ghana Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP.

152

Microsoft Word - ghana-document_de-dh.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Energy Resource Mapping Activity Wind Energy Resource Mapping Activity Introduction This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km 2 ) wind energy resource maps for the country of Ghana. These maps were created at the United States Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) as part of the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) project for the United Nations Environment Programme. The wind mapping activity covered approximately 110,000 km 2 of land area and, including offshore areas, more than 150,000 km 2 . The maps can be found in a separate part of the SWERA archive. NREL's Wind Resource Assessment and Mapping System (WRAMS) is a combination of analytical, numerical, and empirical methods using Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping tools and data

153

HIV/AIDS mortality differential across provinces in Kenya and through time.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examined the relationship between socio-economic factors and AIDS mortality rate in the eight provinces of Kenya between 1995 and 2002. The fundamental difference… (more)

Adari, Johnson Samuel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Demokratiudvikling og civilsamfundsorganisationer : et casestudie af betydningen af civilsamfundsorganisationers roller i udviklingen af demokrati i Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Demokratiudvikling og civilsamfundsorganisationer – et casestudie af betydningen af civilsamfundsorganisationers roller i udviklingen af demokrati i Kenya. Udgangspunkt for opgaven, er at undersøge hvilke roller… (more)

Bohn, Nanette Mia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

The Influence of Adolescent's Perceptions of Parental Behaviors on Academic Achievement Orientation in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of adolescent’s perceptions of parental behaviors on academic achievement orientation in Kenya. The analysis in… (more)

Ansah, Frank

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

PUBLIC RELATIONS IN KENYA: AN EXPLORATION OF PUBLIC RELATIONS MODELS AND CULTURAL INFLUENCES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There has not been a single study on the practice of public relations in Kenya despite the country attracting multinational corporations that are increasingly using… (more)

Kiambi, Dane Mwirigi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

HIV in Kenya: Sexual behaviour and quality of care of sexually transmitted diseases.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes three important determinants of HIV spread in Kenya: 1. Sexual behaviour of female sex workers, their clients, and young adults 2. Health… (more)

Voeten, H.A.C.M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The alternative of Chinese aid in Africa : impacts of China's development strategy through Chinese aid, finance, and firms in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the differences of Chinese and Western aid implementation and its effects in Africa though the case study of Chinese aid and finance for road development in Kenya. Today, Kenya receives tangible benefits ...

Mullin, Deborah Wei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Linking farmer, forest and watershed: Understanding forestry and soil resource management along the upper Njoro River, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kenya is generally considered to be poor, and that in the UCRN, because of the cold and overcast weather,

Krupnik, Timothy J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Identification of malaria transmission and epidemic hotspots in the Western Kenya highlands: its application to malaria epidemic prediction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weather data Mean monthly rainfall, maximum and minimum temperature for the study sites was obtained from the Kenya

Wanjala, Christine L; Waitumbi, John; Zhou, Guofa; Githeko, Andrew K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Ghana Goes for Green Growth: National Engagement on Climate Change | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana Goes for Green Growth: National Engagement on Climate Change Ghana Goes for Green Growth: National Engagement on Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ghana Goes for Green Growth: National Engagement on Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: Government of Ghana Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: www.ecn.nl/nl/home/ Country: Ghana UN Region: Western Africa Coordinates: 7.946527°, -1.023194° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":7.946527,"lon":-1.023194,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

162

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance markettransformation program design for Africa  

SciTech Connect

A simple replication of developed country applianceefficiency labels and standards is unlikely to be feasible in Ghana andmany other countries in Africa. Yet by creatively modifying the developedcountry appliance efficiency market transformation model, it should bepossible to achieve dramatic energy use reductions. As was true indeveloped countries in the previous two decades, refrigeration efficiencyimprovements provide the greatest energy savings potential in theresidential electricity sector in Ghana. Although Ghana, like manyAfrican countries may impose standards on imports since Ghana does nothave manufacturing facilities for appliances in country. This approachmay hurt some consumers who patronize a very diverse market of usedappliances imported from Europe. We discuss how meeting the challenges ofthe Ghanaian market will require modification of the usual energyefficiency labeling and standards paradigm. But once a refrigeratormarket transformation is accomplished in Ghana, we estimate an averageenergy savings potential of 550 kWh/refrigerator/year, and a monetarysavings of more than $35/refrigerator/year. We discuss how this modifiedrefrigerator efficiency market transformation may occur in the Ghanaiancontext. If successful, this market transformation is likely to be anexample for many other African countries.

Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

163

Seeded quantum FEL at 478 keV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present for the first time the concept of a seeded {gamma} quantum Free-Electron-Laser (QFEL) at 478 keV, which has very different properties compared to a classical. The basic concept is to produce a highly brilliant {gamma} beam via SASE. To produce highly intense and coherent {gamma} beam, we intend to use a seeded FEL scheme. Important for the production of such a {gamma} beam are novel refractive {gamma}-lenses for focusing and an efficient monochromator, allowing to generate a very intense and coherent seed beam. The energy of the {gamma} beam is 478 keV, corresponding to a wavelength in the sub-Angstrom regime (1/38 A). To realize a coherent {gamma} beam at 478 keV, it is necessary to use a quantum FEL design. At such high radiation energies a classical description of the {gamma}-FEL becomes wrong.

Guenther, M. M.; Jentschel, M.; Thirolf, P. G.; Seggebrock, T.; Habs, D. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble (Germany); Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching, Germany and Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

164

Compact, maintainable 80-KeV neutral beam module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact, maintainable 80-keV arc chamber, extractor module for a neutral beam system immersed in a vacuum of <10.sup.-2 Torr, incorporating a nested 60-keV gradient shield located midway between the high voltage ion source and surrounding grounded frame. The shield reduces breakdown or arcing path length without increasing the voltage gradient, tends to keep electric fields normal to conducting surfaces rather than skewed and reduces the peak electric field around irregularities on the 80-keV electrodes. The arc chamber or ion source is mounted separately from the extractor or ion accelerator to reduce misalignment of the accelerator and to permit separate maintenance to be performed on these systems. The separate mounting of the ion source provides for maintaining same without removing the ion accelerator.

Fink, Joel H. (Livermore, CA); Molvik, Arthur W. (Livermore, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Microsoft Word - Kenya_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

166

Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development: Modelling Energy Scenarios for Ghana Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://esa.un.org/un-energy/pd Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development[1]

167

Evolutionary sequences and hydrocarbon potential of Kenya sedimentary basins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kenya basins have evolved primarily through extension related to episodic continental rifting. In eastern Kenya, thick accumulations of sediments formed within grabens during the prerift phase (Precambrian to Carboniferous) of the Gondwana breakup. Synrift sedimentation (Late Carboniferous to Middle Jurassic) occurred within a north-south rift system, which included the Mandera basin, South Anza basin, and Lamu embayment. During the Early Jurassic, a marine transgression invaded the margins of the eastern Kenya rift basins, resulting in the deposition of platform carbonates and shales. A Callovian-aged salt basin formed in the offshore regions of the Lamu embayment. Intermittent tectonic activity and eustatic sea-level changes controlled sedimentation, which produced marine shales, carbonates or evaporites, and fluvio-deltaic to lacustrine sandstones. From the Early Cretaceous to recent, continental sediments were deposited within the North Anza and Turkana basins. These fluvial-lacustrine sediments are similar to the Lower Cretaceous sequences that have produced oil in the Mesozoic Sudanese Abu Gabra rift. Although exploration activities began in the early 1950s, significant occurrences of potential reservoir, source, and seal lithologies as well as trapping configurations remain in many areas. Favorable structures and sequences of reservoir sandstones and carbonates overlain by potentially sealing lacustrine or marine shales, evaporites, or volcanics have been noted. Potential source beds are believed to be present within shales of the lacustrine or marine depositional environments.

Cregg, A.K. (Western Atlas International, Inc., Carrollton, TX (United States))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Science Journalism in Ghana: A Study of Journalists Who Cover Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science journalism has been studied from the perspectives of science journalists in the West. However, studies of science journalism from the perspectives of general reporters in developing or developed countries are scarce. This study was a survey of general reporters in Ghana belonging to the Ghana Journalists Association. In all, 151 members responded to a self-administered questionnaire that the researcher delivered to their worksites and a central location. Respondents were asked mainly about their demographic and professional characteristics, sources used for reporting science, number of science stories reported in the past 12 months, topics of science reporting interest, factors motivating or serving as barriers to science reporting, and the future of science journalism in Ghana. Data were analyzed using statistical tools and content analysis. The demographic and professional characteristics resembled those found previously in Ghana and elsewhere. The most commonly cited format of science journalism training was workshops or seminars after graduation. Health professionals and scientists were perceived as very important sources for science stories, and the respondents recalled interviewing them more frequently than others. Generally, respondents reported writing more science news stories than science features. There was an inverse correlation between the number of years spent in journalism and the number of science features reported (p = 0.017). Health science was the most commonly cited topic of reporting interest. Most respondents indicated that training in science journalism or access to scientific research findings would motivate them to report science more. Many cited lack of training in science reporting or lack of contact information for scientific researchers as barriers to science reporting. Many respondents said the current status of science journalism in Ghana is low, and most favored increasing the amount of science journalism, in part to promote public literacy in science. The findings indicate that Ghana should consider offering more science journalism training, particularly in journalism schools, and should promote ready access of journalists to research findings and to contact information of scientific researchers.

Appiah, Bernard

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

CDKN-Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources on behalf of the National CC Task Force, HTSPE, IDLA, LTS International/ ACCLIMATISE, IISD, Adam Smith International +subcontractors Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/2011/04/an-act Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Kenya UN Region Eastern Africa References CDKN-Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy[1]

170

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Kenya UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

171

An Integrated Geophysical Study Of The Northern Kenya Rift | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Rift Kenya Rift Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Integrated Geophysical Study Of The Northern Kenya Rift Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The Kenyan part of the East African rift is among the most studied rift zones in the world. It is characterized by: (1) a classic rift valley, (2) sheer escarpments along the faulted borders of the rift valley, (3) voluminous volcanics that flowed from faults and fissures along the rift, and (4) axial and flank volcanoes where magma flow was most intense. In northern Kenya, the rift faults formed in an area where the lithosphere was weakened and stretched by Cretaceous-Paleogene extension, and in central and southern Kenya, it formed along old zones of weakness at the

172

Land-Cover Change Analyses in the Volta Basin of Ghana  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multitemporal Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) images for 1984, 1992, and 1999 were used to map and detect land-cover changes in a 5400-km2 area within the Volta Lake basin of Ghana. The most dominant land-cover change was the conversion of natural ...

Ademola K. Braimoh; Paul L. G. Vlek

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Mobile governance for development: strategies for migrant head porters in Ghana  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A promising strategy to promote good governance is harnessing the opportunities provided by the use of mobile phones, widely accessible to most segments of the society, for delivering public information and services and for decision-making by government. ... Keywords: Ghana, ICT4D, development, e-governance, mobile phones, public policy

Johanna Awotwi; Adegboyega Ojo; Tomasz Janowski

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Ultrafast 25 keV backlighting for experiments on Z.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To extend the backlighting capabilities for Sandia's Z-Accelerator, Z-Petawatt, a laser which can provide laser pulses of 500 fs length and up to 120 J (100TW target area) or up to 450 J (Z/Petawatt target area) has been built over the last years. The main mission of this facility focuses on the generation of high energy X-rays, such as tin K{alpha} at 25 keV in ultra-short bursts. Achieving 25 keV radiographs with decent resolution and contrast required addressing multiple problems such as blocking of hot electrons, minimization of the source, development of suitable filters, and optimization of laser intensity. Due to the violent environment inside of Z, an additional very challenging task is finding massive debris and radiation protection measures without losing the functionality of the backlighting system. We will present the first experiments on 25 keV backlighting including an analysis of image quality and X-ray efficiency.

Headley, Daniel Ignacio; Rambo, Patrick K.; Geissel, Matthias; Schwarz, Jens; Sefkow, Adam B.; Atherton, Briggs W.; Kimmel, Mark W.; Pitts, Todd Alan; Robertson, Grafton Kincannon; Schollmeier, Marius; Speas, Christopher Shane

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Ultrafast 25 keV backlighting for experiments on Z.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To extend the backlighting capabilities for Sandia's Z-Accelerator, Z-Petawatt, a laser which can provide laser pulses of 500 fs length and up to 120 J (100TW target area) or up to 450 J (Z / Petawatt target area) has been built over the last years. The main mission of this facility focuses on the generation of high energy X-rays, such as tin Ka at 25 keV in ultra-short bursts. Achieving 25 keV radiographs with decent resolution and contrast required addressing multiple problems such as blocking of hot electrons, minimization of the source, development of suitable filters, and optimization of laser intensity. Due to the violent environment inside of Z, an additional very challenging task is finding massive debris and radiation protection measures without losing the functionality of the backlighting system. We will present the first experiments on 25 keV backlighting including an analysis of image quality and X-ray efficiency.

Sefkow, Adam B.; Atherton, Briggs W.; Geissel, Matthias; Schollmeier, Marius; Pitts, Todd Alan; Rambo, Patrick K.; Schwarz, Jens; Kimmel, Mark W.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Investigation of I-WASH's community-led total sanitation and alternative decentralized sanitation models in rural Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2.5 billion people worldwide do not have access to improved sanitation and Sub-Saharan Africa is not on track to meet the MDG sanitation target. As of 2010, Ghana has achieved 14% national improved sanitation coverage and ...

Questad, Adam (Adam David)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Health and water quality monitoring of Pure Home Water's ceramic filter dissemination in the northern region of Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pure Home Water (PHW) is a social enterprise that promotes and disseminates household drinking water technologies in the Northern Region of Ghana. Currently their main product is a pot-shaped Potters for Peace-type ceramic ...

Johnson, Sophie M. (Sophie Marie)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Optimizing performance of ceramic pot filters in Northern Ghana and modeling flow through paraboloid-shaped filters/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work aimed to inform the design of ceramic pot filters to be manufactured by the organization Pure Home Water (PHW) in Northern Ghana, and to model the flow through an innovative paraboloid-shaped ceramic pot filter. ...

Miller, Travis Reed

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Bagasse-based cogeneration projects in Kenya. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

A Definitional Mission team evaluated the prospects of the US Trade and Development Program (TDP) funding a feasibility study that would assist the Government of Kenya in developing power cogeneration plants in three Kenyan sugar factories and possibly two more that are now in the planning stage or construction. The major Kenyan sugar producing region around Kisumu, on Lake Victoria has climatic conditions that permit cane growing operations ideally suitable for cogeneration of power in sugar factories. The total potentially available capacity from the proposed rehabilitation of the three mills will be approximately 25.15 MW, or 5.7 percent of total electricity production.

Kenda, W.; Shrivastava, V.K.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Intermittent upwelling of asthenosphere beneath the Gregory Rift, Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

K-Ar dates and chemical compositions of basalts in the Gregory Rift, Kenya, demonstrate marked secular variation of lava chemistry. Two magmatic cycles characterized by incompatible element relative depletion are recognized; both occurring immediately after the peak of basaltic volcanism and coeval with both trachyte/phonolite volcanism and domal uplift of the region. These cycles may be attributed to increasing degree of partial melting of mantle source material in association with thinning of the lithosphere by thermal erosion through contact with hot upwelling asthenospheric mantle. Cyclic variation in asthenosphere upwelling may be considered an important controlling process in the evolution of the Gregory Rift.

Tatsumi, Yoshiyuki (Univ. of Tasmania (Australia) Kyoto Univ. (Japan)); Kimura, Nobukazu (Kyoto Univ. (Japan)); Itaya, Tetsumaru (Okayama Univ. of Science (Japan)); Koyaguchi, Takehiro (Kumamoto Univ. (Japan)); Suwa, Kanenori (Nagoya Univ. (Japan))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Kenya geothermal private power project: A prefeasibility study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Twenty-eight geothermal areas in Kenya were evaluated and prioritized for development. The prioritization was based on the potential size, resource temperature, level of exploration risk, location, and exploration/development costs for each geothermal area. Suswa, Eburru and Arus are found to offer the best short-term prospects for successful private power development. It was found that cost per kill developed are significantly lower for the larger (50MW) than for smaller-sized (10 or 20 NW) projects. In addition to plant size, the cost per kill developed is seen to be a function of resource temperature, generation mode (binary or flash cycle) and transmission distance.

Not Available

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources on behalf of the National CC Task Force, HTSPE, IDLA, LTS International/ ACCLIMATISE, IISD, Adam Smith International +subcontractors Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/2011/04/an-act Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Kenya

183

Feasibility study for bagasse congeneration in Kenya. Final report. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Kenya's Ministry of Agriculture. The purpose of the report is to determine the economic, technical, and financial viability of implementing bagasse based cogeneration projects in Kenya. The study is divided into the following sections: (1) Executive Summary, (2) Terms of Reference, (3) Bagasse Fuel for Generation, (4) The Electrical Power Situation in Kenya, (5) Export Electricity Potential from Nyando Sugar Belt, (6) Export Potential from Proposed New Sugar Factories; (7) Financial, (8) Project Financing, (9) Demonstration Project.

Not Available

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Kenya-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Kenya-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector Agency/Company /Organization United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Partner Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Environment Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture, Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Land Use Assessment Toolkit - Agriculture Resources[1] Overview Progress and Outcomes Capacity building activities include strengthening implementation of

185

Surveillance of vector populations and malaria transmission during the 2009/10 El Nino event in the western Kenya highlands: opportunities for early detection of malaria hyper-transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa Institute of Medical Research; 1987. 14. Scott JA,ednaototo@gmail.com Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centreto the Kenya Medical Research Institute laboratories and

Ototo, Ednah N; Githeko, Andrew K; Wanjala, Christine L; Scott, Thomas W

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in Africa Agency/Company /Organization France Agency of Development (AFD) Partner ADETEF Sector Climate Focus Area People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.afd.fr/home Program Start 2013 Program End 2015 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References Low Emissions Development Strategies [1] This project focuses on four Sub-Saharan African countries and seeks to make different achievements in climate change national policies within each of those countries. This is a technical assistance program focusing on

187

Radio Listening Habits among Rural Audiences: An Ethnographic Study of Kieni West Division in Central Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the 1990s, the liberalization of the media industry in African countries such as Kenya was faced with the challenge of continuing to provide much-needed… (more)

Gathigi, George W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Safe water storage in Kenya's modified clay pot : standardization, tap design, and cost recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the main components necessary for providing safe drinking water for users who lack piped water in the home is the ability to safely store it in the home. Users in the Nyanza Province of Kenya frequently carry water ...

Young, Suzanne E

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Impact of Weather Analysis on Agricultural Production and Planning Decisions for the Semiarid Areas of Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kenya's current 4% rate of population growth requires cultivation of food crops by smallholder farmers in ever drier zones of semiarid lands. Rainfall is limited, variable and unpredictable, but maize, widely known for susceptibility to drought, ...

J. Ian Stewart; Charles T. Hash

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Kenya-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Kenya-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Agency/Company /Organization ClimateWorks, Project Catalyst, McKinsey and Company Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Country Kenya Eastern Africa References LCGP support[1] Low Carbon Growth Plans Advancing Good Practice, August 2009[2] Overview "Achieving development goals depends on enabling poorer countries to accelerate or maintain robust economic growth despite the disproportionate impacts of climate change which they face. The central challenge is to enable all countries to strengthen delivery of their own development visions and goals through low-carbon, climate-resilient, or 'climate

191

Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Hydro Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Publications Website http://sgp.undp.org/download/S Country Kenya UN Region Eastern Africa References Kenya Micro Hydro [1] Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project Screenshot Background "This project sought to remove the policy, technical and institutional barriers that limited the development and use of renewable energy sources

192

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment - Kenya Country Report | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Kenya Country Report - Kenya Country Report Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities. (Purpose): To influence investment decisions by promoting and supporting renewable energy by overcoming informational barriers in solar and wind energy financing. Source Daniel Theuri - SWERA National Team Date Released November 23rd, 2008 (6 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords documentation Kenya renewable energy solar SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 9.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2008 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment

193

Energy system development in Africa : the case of grid and off-grid power in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research used a combination of a grounded theory approach and system dynamics to study the electric power system in Kenya and to model the feedback at work in the development of the system. The ethnographic study ...

Steel, Katherine Deaton

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Mount Kenya Global Atmosphere Watch Station (MKN): Installation and Meteorological Characterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The meteorological conditions at the Mount Kenya (station identifier MKN) tropical Global Atmosphere Watch Programme station are described. Like other stations in mountainous terrain, the site experiences thermally induced wind systems that ...

Stephan Henne; Wolfgang Junkermann; Josiah M. Kariuki; John Aseyo; Jörg Klausen

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Significance of operating experience with poison splines at KE Reactor  

SciTech Connect

The demonstrated operating efficiency performance which has resulted from poison spline usage forces an economic decision concerning the self-supported and bumper fuel element programs. As originally conceived the projection fuel elements would preclude the insertion of a spline under the fuel charge; thus it is very important that means be devised either to make poison spline usage compatible with future pile loadings or to demonstrate that some other supplementary control system, which is compatible with future pile loadings, can approximate the effect the splines have an operating efficiency. This report shows the appreciable performance improvement which has been achieved at KE Reactor through the application of the poison spline system.

Franklin, F.C.

1960-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Acknowledgements I have been lucky to spend the past five yearsEnergy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya By Katherine Deaton Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Energy System Development inAfrica: The case

de Weck, Olivier L.

197

The African growth and opportunity act and the textiles and apparel industry in Kenya and South Africa .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents an analysis of the economic impact of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) in the textiles and apparel industry in Kenya… (more)

Frimpong, Augustine Anane

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

The challenges of teaching physical education: juxtaposing the experiences of physical education teachers in Kenya and Victoria (Australia).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study illuminates the challenges faced by PE teachers both in Kenya and in Victoria by comparing and contrasting their experiences. It also explains how… (more)

Wanyama, Michael N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Ghana from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data intended for use in the Geospatial toolkit or with any GIS software. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the available geospatial toolkit data and metadata. Each country's data package depends on the data provided by the SWERA partners. ---------------------------------------------------------

200

Ghana's regional development in economics, education and natural resources, with a case study on customers' preferences for household water treatment & safe storage products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ghana is one of the few countries that was re-classified from low-income country to low-middle income country in 2011 by the World Bank (World Bank, 2011a). At the same time, Ghana is still in the process of achieving the ...

Qiu, Weini

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Surveillance of vector populations and malaria transmission during the 2009/10 El Nino event in the western Kenya highlands: opportunities for early detection of malaria hyper-transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kenya is character- ized by unstable transmission that is closely related the ecosystem type and weather

Ototo, Ednah N; Githeko, Andrew K; Wanjala, Christine L; Scott, Thomas W

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Evidence of Coverage 3.2-1KE FS 624 HDBK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Evidence of Coverage 3.2-1KE FS 624 HDBK TOC Table of Contents Required the Notice for detailed information regarding their privacy rights. KE FS 624 HDBK DIS #12;3.2-3 Welcome by Hospitals if they have questions about your coverage. KE FS 624 HDBK WEL #12;3.2-4 Using The HMO System

Boufadel, Michel

203

TUDE EN COINCIDENCE DE LA DSINTGRATION 177W 3 17TTa .. corrlation/3 384 keV-;r 113 keV de 177Lu.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'électrons en coïncidences avec la raie y de 417 keV. I 1 25 l L a X 10 50 'Oo Canol FIG.2. -CoïncidencesX x Y

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

204

Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

205

Kenya-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Kenya-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

206

Kenya-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification Kenya-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification in East Africa Agency/Company /Organization CGIAR's Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA), the European Union, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Partner International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics (ICRISAT), International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Ministry of Agriculture Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Adaptation, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Macroeconomic, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -TNA

207

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for Kenya  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Kenya provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

208

100-KE REACTOR CORE REMOVAL PROJECT ALTERNATIVE ANALYSIS WORKSHOP REPORT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On December 15-16, 2009, a 100-KE Reactor Core Removal Project Alternative Analysis Workshop was conducted at the Washington State University Consolidated Information Center, Room 214. Colburn Kennedy, Project Director, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC) requested the workshop and Richard Harrington provided facilitation. The purpose of the session was to select the preferred Bio Shield Alternative, for integration with the Thermal Shield and Core Removal and develop the path forward to proceed with project delivery. Prior to this workshop, the S.A. Robotics (SAR) Obstruction Removal Alternatives Analysis (565-DLV-062) report was issued, for use prior to and throughout the session, to all the team members. The multidisciplinary team consisted ofrepresentatives from 100-KE Project Management, Engineering, Radcon, Nuclear Safety, Fire Protection, Crane/Rigging, SAR Project Engineering, the Department of Energy Richland Field Office, Environmental Protection Agency, Washington State Department of Ecology, Defense Nuclear Facility Safety Board, and Deactivation and Decommission subject matter experts from corporate CH2M HILL and Lucas. Appendix D contains the workshop agenda, guidelines and expectations, opening remarks, and attendance roster going into followed throughout the workshop. The team was successful in selecting the preferred alternative and developing an eight-point path forward action plan to proceed with conceptual design. Conventional Demolition was selected as the preferred alternative over two other alternatives: Diamond Wire with Options, and Harmonic Delamination with Conventional Demolition. The teams preferred alternative aligned with the SAR Obstruction Removal Alternative Analysis report conclusion. However, the team identified several Path Forward actions, in Appendix A, which upon completion will solidify and potentially enhance the Conventional Demolition alternative with multiple options and approaches to achieve project delivery. In brief, the Path Forward was developed to reconsider potential open air demolition areas; characterize to determine if any zircaloy exists, evaluate existing concrete data to determine additional characterization needs, size the new building to accommodate human machine interface and tooling, consider bucket thumb and use ofshape-charges in design, and finally to utilize complex-wide and industry explosive demolition lessons learned in the design approach. Appendix B documents these results from the team's use ofValue Engineering process tools entitled Weighted Analysis Alternative Matrix, Matrix Conclusions, Evaluation Criteria, and Alternative Advantages and Disadvantages. These results were further supported with the team's validation of parking-lot information sheets: memories (potential ideas to consider), issues/concerns, and assumptions, contained in Appendix C. Appendix C also includes the recorded workshop flipchart notes taken from the SAR Alternatives and Project Overview presentations. The SAR workshop presentations, including a 3-D graphic illustration demonstration video have been retained in the CHPRC project file, and were not included in this report due to size limitations. The workshop concluded with a round robin close-out where each member was engaged for any last minute items and meeting utility. In summary, the team felt the session was value added and looked forward to proceeding with the recommended actions and conceptual design.

HARRINGTON RA

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Impacts of rural energy costs and availabilities in Kenya  

SciTech Connect

This study sought to examine energy-consumption patterns in a cross section of rural households in Kenya and to analyze how these use patterns relate to socio-economic, demographic, institutional, and energy market factors. The models specified were demands for fuelwood, charcoal, kerosene, commercial heat energy, and aggregate energy. For fuelwood, a probit analysis was utilized to determine the conditional probability of fuelwood consumption and a least-squares regression to determine quantity consumed. Ordinary regression was used to estimate demand for the other fuels. The research indicates that household incomes, family size, improved ceramic stoves, other fuels, and occupation are the most influential variables on consumption of various fuels. The quantities of fuelwood, charcoal, and kerosene consumed are not very responsive to changes in income. Aggregate energy is income-inelastic and a normal good, while woodfuel and kerosene are inferior products. The model indicates that redirection of a 10% increase in income, so that only the low-income households benefit, would cause only a small, 1% increase in fuelwood consumption.

Jama, M.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

The value chain and e-business in exporting: Case studies from Ghana's non-traditional export (NTE) sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop an understanding of the possibilities and challenges facing the application of e-business in the Ghanaian exporting sector. The paper also ascertains, from a value chain perspective, the extent of e-business ... Keywords: E-business, Exports, Ghana, Internet, Value chain

Robert Hinson

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Radiation blistering of Nb implanted sequentially with helium ions of different energies (3-500 keV)  

SciTech Connect

Cold rolled, polycrystalline niobium samples were irradiated at room temperature with $sup 4$He$sup +$ ions sequentially at 14 different energies over an energy range from 3 keV--500 keV in steps of 50 keV. The dose for each energy was chosen to give an approximately uniform concentration of helium between the implant depths corresponding to 3 keV and 500 keV. In one set of experiments the irradiations were started at the Kurchatov Institute with 3 keV $sup 4$He$sup +$ ions and extended up to 80 keV in several steps. Subsequently, the same target area was irradiated with $sup 4$He$sup +$ ions at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) starting at 100 keV and increased to 500 keV in steps of 50 keV. Another set of irradiations were started at ANL with 500 keV $sup 4$He$sup +$ ions and continued with decreasing ion energies to 100 keV. Subsequently, the same area was irradiated at the Kurchatov Institute starting at 80 keV and continued with decreasing ion energies to 3 keV. Both sets of irradiations were completed for two different total doses, 0.5 C cm$sup -2$ and 1.0 C cm$sup -2$.

Guseva, M.I.; Gusev, V.; Krasulin, U.L.; Martinenko, U.V.; Das, S.K.; Kaminsky, M.S.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Collection and representation of GIS data to aid household water treatment and safe storage technology implementation in the northern region of Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2005, a start-up social business called Pure Home Water (PHW) was begun in Ghana to promote and sell household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) technologies. The original aim of the company was to offer a variety ...

VanCalcar, Jenny E. (Jenny Elizabeth)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Experience with improved charcoal and wood stoves for households and institutions in Kenya  

SciTech Connect

Efforts at promoting more fuel-efficient charcoal stoves to replace traditional charcoal stoves in Kenya offer some lessons for the dissemination of appropriate technologies. This paper looks at the market-based approach which has made the Kenyan charcoal stoves project a success. Trends in woodfuels (wood and charcoal) consumption in Kenya are identified; the traditional technology for charcoal combustion and the upgraded traditional technologies are described; production achievement and the dissemination and promotion strategy used are examined; and a financial and economic analysis is performed with social, health and environmental effects assessed. Other ways to achieve a more favourable balance between woodfuels consumption and supply are then discussed looking at more efficient charcoal kilns and household woodstoves, improved institutional stoves and increased wood production. The replication potential of the Kenya experiment in other countries is also explored. The lessons learnt from the the Kenya experience concern the relationship between technology, choice and delivery systems as they interact with, economic, institutional, and policy factors. In this case, the design work accepted the traditional technology as a starting point which helped ensure widespread acceptance by households. The potential desirability of relying on local artisans to manufacture consumer durables using existing private sector channels to market these goods is also shown. It also highlights the importance of going beyond a laissez-faire approach and supporting training, demonstration, and publicity to faciliate the workings of the private sector. In the Kenyan case, technology choice was relatively unsubsidized and left ot the preferences of consumers.

Hyman, E.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

The Status of Wildlife in Protected Areas Compared to Non-Protected Areas of Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compile over 270 wildlife counts of Kenya’s wildlife populations conducted over the last 30 years to compare trends in national parks and reserves with adjacent ecosystems and country-wide trends. The study shows the importance of discriminating human-induced changes from natural population oscillations related to rainfall and ecological factors. National park and reserve populations have declined sharply over the last 30 years, at a rate similar to non-protected areas and country-wide trends. The protected area losses reflect in part their poor coverage of seasonal ungulate migrations. The losses vary among parks. The largest parks, Tsavo East, Tsavo West and Meru, account for a disproportionate share of the losses due to habitat change and the difficulty of protecting large remote parks. The losses in Kenya’s parks add to growing evidence for wildlife declines inside as well as outside African parks. The losses point to the need to quantify the performance of conservation policies and promote integrated landscape practices that combine parks with private and community-based measures.

David Western; Samantha Russell; Innes Cuthill

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Extending broadband past the urban fringe with wireless mesh : a strategic analysis with policy implications for Kenya's Universal Service Fund  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the competitive wholesale cost of bandwidth continues to plummet in Kenya, last-mile networks have become a bottleneck in the extension of affordable broadband outside major cities. In this work we explore the business ...

Berkoben, Keith A. (Keith Alexander)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

The Role of Multimodel Climate Forecasts in Improving Water and Energy Management over the Tana River Basin, Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Masinga Reservoir located in the upper Tana River Basin, Kenya, is extremely important in supplying country’s hydropower and protecting downstream ecology. The Dam serves as the primary storage reservoir, controlling streamflow through a ...

C. Oludhe; Sankarasubramanian Arumugam; Tushar Sinha; Naresh Devineni; Upmanu Lall

217

Program Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP Armenia Azerbaijan Barbados Burkina Faso China Egypt Ghana Indonesia Jordan Kenya Korea Mali Mexico Moldova Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Namibia Nepal Peru Philippines Russia...

218

Language, mobile phones and internet : a study of SMS texting, email, IM and SNS chats in computer mediated communication (CMC) in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This book examines the use of language in Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) genres in Kenya. It focuses on Short Messaging Service (SMS), Email, Instant Messages… (more)

Barasa, Sandra Nekesa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Efficient multi?keV x?ray sources from Ti?doped aerogel targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have measured the production of hv ? 4.7 keV x?rays from low?density Ti?doped aerogel (? ? 3 mg/cc) targets at the OMEGA laser facility (University of Rochester)

K. B. Fournier; C. Constantin; G. Gregori; M. C. Miller; C. A. Back; L. J. Suter; J. Davis; J. Grun

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Comparison of municipal solid waste management systems in Canada and Ghana: A case study of the cities of London, Ontario, and Kumasi, Ghana  

SciTech Connect

Integrated waste management has been accepted as a sustainable approach to solid waste management in any region. It can be applied in both developed and developing countries. The difference is the approach taken to develop the integrated waste management system. This review looks at the integrated waste management system operating in the city of London, Ontario-Canada and how lessons can be drawn from the system's development and operation that will help implement a sustainable waste management system in the city of Kumasi, Ghana. The waste management system in London is designed such that all waste generated in the city is handled and disposed of appropriately. The responsibility of each sector handling waste is clearly defined and monitored. All major services are provided and delivered by a combination of public and private sector forces. The sustainability of the waste management in the city of London is attributed to the continuous improvement strategy framework adopted by the city based on the principles of integrated waste management. It is perceived that adopting a strategic framework based on the principles of integrated waste management with a strong political and social will, can transform the current waste management in Kumasi and other cities in developing countries in the bid for finding lasting solutions to the problems that have plagued the waste management system in these cities.

Asase, Mizpah [Department of Chemical Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi (Ghana); Yanful, Ernest K. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Western Ontario London, Ontario, N6A 5B9 (Canada)], E-mail: eyanful@eng.uwo.ca; Mensah, Moses [Department of Chemical Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi (Ghana); Stanford, Jay [City of London, 300 Dufferin Ave. P.O. Box 5035, Ontario, N6A 4L9 (Canada); Amponsah, Samuel [Mathematics Department, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi (Ghana)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The diversity, distribution and feeding behavior of solifuges (arachnida; solifugae) in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Little is known of the diversity of solifuges in East Africa or their habitat preferences and feeding biologies. A survey was undertaken to improve our understanding of the diversity and distribution of solifuges in Kenya and these data were supplemented by the solifuge holdings of the National Museums of Kenya (NMK), which were identified as part of this study. Historical records of each species found during this survey were verified through assessment of the primary literature and distributions were mapped for all Kenyan spp. A feeding study was conducted to determine preference between hard and toxic prey, and owl pellets from Tucson, Arizona were dissected to determine the importance of solifuges as prey. Finally, various outreach activities that were led and organized during this study were discussed, detailing the importance of science outreach as the bridge between research and the general public. All solifuges used in the feeding study ate the termites that were used as a behavioral control, but only three individuals of one species of solifuge, Z. fordi, were able to eat both hard and toxic prey items repeatedly. Solifuges were more willing or able to eat toxic prey than hard. Burrowing owl pellets from Tucson, Arizona were examined for invertebrate parts and preference was assessed for the five most commonly eaten arthropods. Solifuges were the third most frequently encountered arthropod in the pellets, after caterpillars and beetles, and were also the third most abundant. Solifuges were sampled over a period of six months and collected from 28.V.2006-8.VI.2006 and 11.II.2007- 13.V.2007 from eight different localities in Kenya. During this survey two genera were newly recorded for Kenya, Tarabulida and Solpugyla. In addition, the Tarabulida specimen is the first male ever recorded for the genus. Three new species records for Kenya were added: Z. sericea, Z. lobatula and Z. meruensis, and six undescribed species were recorded from Kenya as a result of this survey, including five unidentified rhagodids and species of Tarabulida. The southernmost locality record for the Galeodidae and Galeodes arabs arabs was uncovered in the NMK holdings.

Reddick, Kristie Lynn

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Kenya from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data intended for use in the Geospatial toolkit or with any GIS software. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the available geospatial toolkit data and metadata. Each country's data package depends on the data provided by the SWERA partners. ---------------------------------------------------------

223

Numerical modeling of geothermal systems with applications to Krafla, Iceland and Olkaria, Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The use of numerical models for the evaluation of the generating potential of high temperature geothermal fields has increased rapidly in recent years. In the present paper a unified numerical approach to the modeling of geothermal systems is discussed and the results of recent modeling of the Krafla geothermal field in Iceland and the Olkaria, Kenya, are described. Emphasis is placed on describing the methodology using examples from the two geothermal fields.

Bodvarsson, G.S.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Pre-feasibility power generation study for the Magadi Soda Company, Magadi, Kenya  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to: (a) review the extensive published and unpublished literature on the geochemistry, hydrology and geology of Lake Magadi, Kenya, and its associated hot springs; (b) based on this review of field visits, estimate the temperature in the geothermal reservoir beneath the lake; and (c) from this, develop a plan to determine the potential for the development of geothermal electric power at Lake Magadi. 6 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

Not Available

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

File:DIA Kenya 0906 lw (2).pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DIA Kenya 0906 lw (2).pdf DIA Kenya 0906 lw (2).pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:DIA Kenya 0906 lw (2).pdf Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,500 × 1,125 pixels, file size: 896 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 10 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 10:07, 21 September 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 10:07, 21 September 2012 1,500 × 1,125, 10 pages (896 KB) Gjones (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage The following page links to this file: Webinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low Emissions

226

Open Data Sites | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kentucky - Open Door Kentucky: http:opendoor.ky.govtransparencyPagesdefault.aspx Kenya - Kenya: http:opendata.go.ke Louisiana - Louisiana: http:wwwprd.doa.louisiana.gov...

227

Electron beam lithography at 10keV using an epoxy based high resolution negative resist  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behaviour of a new epoxy based resist (mr-EBL 6000.1 XP) as a negative resist for e-beam lithography is presented. We demonstrate that it is possible to define sub-100nm patterns when irradiating thin (120nm) layers of resist with a 10keV electron ... Keywords: EBL, Nanopatterning, Negative resist, Polymer technology

C. Martin; G. Rius; A. Llobera; A. Voigt; G. Gruetzner; F. Pérez-Murano

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Multi-keV x-ray sources from metal-lined cylindrical hohlraums  

SciTech Connect

As multi-keV x-ray sources, plastic hohlraums with inner walls coated with titanium, copper, and germanium have been fired on Omega in September 2009. For all the targets, the measured and calculated multi-keV x-ray power time histories are in a good qualitative agreement. In the same irradiation conditions, measured multi-keV x-ray conversion rates are {approx}6%-8% for titanium, {approx}2% for copper, and {approx}0.5% for germanium. For titanium and copper hohlraums, the measured conversion rates are about two times higher than those given by hydroradiative computations. Conversely, for the germanium hohlraum, a rather good agreement is found between measured and computed conversion rates. To explain these findings, multi-keV integrated emissivities calculated with RADIOM [M. Busquet, Phys. Fluids 85, 4191 (1993)], the nonlocal-thermal-equilibrium atomic physics model used in our computations, have been compared to emissivities obtained from different other models. These comparisons provide an attractive way to explain the discrepancies between experimental and calculated quantitative results.

Jacquet, L.; Girard, F.; Primout, M.; Villette, B.; Stemmler, Ph. [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

229

Verifying object-oriented programs with KeY: a tutorial  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is a tutorial on performing formal specification and semi-automatic verification of Java programs with the formal software development tool KeY. This tutorial aims to fill the gap between elementary introductions using toy examples and state-of-art ...

Wolfgang Ahrendt; Bernhard Beckert; Reiner Hähnle; Philipp Rümmer; Peter H. Schmitt

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

1 Gamma-Ray Burst Spectra and Time Histories From 2 to 400 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Gamma-Ray burst detector on Ginga consisted of a proportional counter to observe the x-rays and a scintillation counter to observe the gamma-rays. It was ideally suited to study the x-rays associated with gammaray bursts (GRBs). Ginga detected ? 120 GRBs and 22 of them had sufficient statistics to determine spectra from 2 to 400 keV. Although the Ginga and BATSE trigger criteria were very similar, the distribution of spectral parameters was different. Ginga observed bend energies in the spectra down to 2 keV and had a larger fraction of bursts with low energy power law indexes greater than zero. The average ratio of energy in the x-ray band (2 to 10 keV) compared to the gamma-ray band (50 to 300 keV) was 24%. Some events had more energy in the x-ray band than in the gamma-ray band. One Ginga event had a period of time preceding the gamma rays that was effectively pure x-ray emission. This x-ray “preactivity ” might be due to the penchant for the GRB time structure to be broader at lower energy rather than a different physical process. The x-rays tend to rise and fall slower than the gamma rays but they both tend to peak at about the same time. This argues against models involving the injection of relativistic electrons that cool by synchrotron radiation. 1.

E. E. Fenimore

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Jing Ke  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Berkeley National Laboratory. His research interests include energy analysis and industry energy efficiency, process modeling and optimization, signal analysis and processing. Dr....

232

Radioactive air emissions notice of construction fuel removal for 105-KE basin  

SciTech Connect

This document serves as a notice of construction (NOC), pursuant to the requirements of Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 246-247-060, and as a request for approval to construct pursuant to 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 61.96 for the modifications, installation of new equipment, and fuel removal and sludge relocation activities at 105-KE Basin. The 105-K east reactor and its associated spent nuclear fuel (SNF) storage basin (105-KE Basin) were constructed in the early 1950s and are located in the 100-K Area about 1,400 feet from the Columbia River. The 105-KE Basin contains 1,152 metric tons of SNF stored underwater in 3,673 open canisters. This SNF has been stored for varying periods of time ranging from 8 to 24 years. The 105-KE Basin is constructed of unlined concrete and contains approximately 1.3 million gallons of water with an asphaltic membrane beneath the pool. The fuel is corroding and an estimated 1,700 cubic feet of sludge, containing radionuclides and miscellaneous materials, have accumulated in the basin. The 105-KE Basin has leaked radiologically contaminated water to the soil beneath the basin in the past most likely at the construction joint between the foundation of the basin and the foundation of the reactor. The purpose of the activities described in this Notice of Construction (NOC) is to enable the retrieval and transport of the fuel to the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF). This NOC describes modifications, the installation of new equipment, and fuel removal and sludge relocation activities expected to be routine in the future. Debris removal activities described in this NOC will supersede the previously approved NOC (DOE/RL-95-65). The proposed modifications described are scheduled to begin in calendar year 1997.

Kamberg, L.D., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

233

Summary of modeling studies of the East Olkaria geothermal field, Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed three-dimensional well-by-well model of the East Olkaria geothermal field in Kenya has been developed. The model matches reasonably well the flow rate and enthalpy data from all wells, as well as the overall pressure decline in the reservoir. The model is used to predict the generating capacity of the field, well decline, enthalpy behavior, the number of make-up wells needed and the effects of injection on well performance and overall reservoir depletion. 26 refs., 10 figs.

Bodvarsson, G.S.; Pruess, K.; Stefansson, V.; Bjornsson, S.; Ojiambo, S.B.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Opaline cherts associated with sublacustrine hydrothermal springs at Lake Bogoria, Kenya Rift valley  

SciTech Connect

An unusual group of cherts found at saline, alkaline Lake Bogoria in the Kenya Rift differs from the Magadi-type cherts commonly associated with saline, alkaline lakes. The cherts are opaline, rich in diatoms, and formed from a siliceous, probably gelatinous, precursor that precipitated around submerged alkaline hot springs during a Holocene phase of high lake level. Silica precipitation resulted from rapid drop in the temperature of the spring waters and, possibly, pH. Lithification began before subaerial exposure. Ancient analogous cherts are likely to be localized deposits along fault lines.

Renaut, R.W.; Owen, R.B.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Lead contamination in street soils of Nairobi City and Mombasa Island, Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The advent of modern industrialization and, in particular, the motor vehicle has witnessed dramatic increases in lead usage both as a component of lead-acid storage battery and from 1923 as organic lead alkyl anti-knock additive in petroleum. Several workers have established a correlation between increasing lead concentration in roadside soils and vehicular traffic density. Although researchers studied the heavy metal content in Lake Victoria sediments, no urban roadside soils were investigated. Since lead is used as a petrol additive in Kenya, it is necessary to document the extent and magnitude of lead contamination of roadside soils in inland and coastal urban environments and evaluate its environmental implications.

Onyari, J.M.; Wandiga, S.O.; Njenga, G.K.; Nyatebe, J.O. (Univ. of Nairobi (Kenya))

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Environmental impact assessment practices in the sub-Saharan Africa: cases from Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The aim for this research is to review environmental impact assessment (EIA) practices in sub-Saharan Africa, drawing upon appropriate theoretical and methodological work on EIA. This study uses a comparative evaluation method to examine the extent of environmental impact assessment (EIA) in project analysis. It uses site and services low cost housing projects from Kenya. The research has three major components: (1) review of environmental practice in Sub-Saharan Africa through literature review and case studies; (2) review of general literature on EIA as practiced by international agencies and developed countries; and (3) formulation of more suitable guidelines for EIA procedures in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Ngunjiri, P.G.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

183W Resonance Parameter Evaluation in the Neutron Energy Range Up to 5 keV  

SciTech Connect

We generated a preliminary set of resonance parameters for {sup 183}W in the neutron energy range of thermal up to 5 keV. In the analyzed energy range, this work represents a significant improvement over the current resonance evaluation in the ENDF/B-VII.1 library limited up to 2.2 keV. The evaluation methodology uses the Reich-Moore approximation to fit, with the R-matrix code SAMMY, the high-resolution measurements performed in 2007 at the GEel LINear Accelerator (GELINA) facility. The transmission data and the capture cross sections calculated with the set of resonance parameters are compared with the experimental values, and the average properties of the resonance parameters are discussed.

Pigni, Marco T [ORNL; Dunn, Michael E [ORNL; Guber, Klaus H [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Sub-5keV electron-beam lithography in hydrogen silsesquioxane resist  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We fabricated 9-30nm half-pitch nested Ls and 13-15nm half-pitch dot arrays, using 2keV electron-beam lithography with hydrogen silsesquioxane (HSQ) as the resist. All structures with 15nm half-pitch and above were fully resolved. We observed that the ... Keywords: High resolution, Hydrogen silsesquioxane, Low-energy electron-beam lithography, Low-voltage electron-beam lithography, Proximity effect

Vitor R. Manfrinato; Lin Lee Cheong; Huigao Duan; Donald Winston; Henry I. Smith; Karl K. Berggren

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

GuangZhou ZhongKe HengYuan Energy Tenchnology Co Ltd ZKenergy | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GuangZhou ZhongKe HengYuan Energy Tenchnology Co Ltd ZKenergy GuangZhou ZhongKe HengYuan Energy Tenchnology Co Ltd ZKenergy Jump to: navigation, search Name GuangZhou ZhongKe HengYuan Energy Tenchnology Co Ltd (ZKenergy) Place Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China Zip 510640 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product A high-tech industrialization enterprise dedicated to research, development, manufacture and marketing of full-permanent magnetic levitation (Maglev) wind turbines and wind-solar power mutual supplementary generator system. Coordinates 23.107389°, 113.267616° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":23.107389,"lon":113.267616,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

240

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: 12.5 keV Xray Microbeam Bystander  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

12.5 keV Xray Microbeam Bystander Studies With Human Mammary 12.5 keV Xray Microbeam Bystander Studies With Human Mammary Epithelial Cells and Fibroblasts Authors: E. A. Blakely1, R. I. Schwarz1, A. C. Thompson2, K. A. Bjornstad1, P. Y. Chang1,3 C.J. Rosen1, and D. Sudar1 Institutions: Divisions of 1Life Sciences and 2Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA. and 3SRI International, Menlo Park, CA. We are using a novel x-ray Microprobe Beamline at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at LBNL to investigate bystander effects of low doses in well characterized human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) and human skin fibroblasts (HSF). The ALS facility is capable of producing a beam of 12.5 keV x-rays with a focussed spot size of __m_ and a wide range of doses and dose-rates. Unlike normal x-ray sources, this beam has a very small background of either low-

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241

Radioactive air emissions notice of construction debris removal 105-KE basin  

SciTech Connect

The 105-KE Basin contains 1,150 Metric Tonnes of Uranium (MTU) of N Reactor fuel, along with less than half a MTU of single pass reactor (SPR) fuel. In addition to the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) in the 105-KE Basin, extensive quantities of debris and a substantial amount of sludge have accumulated in the basin. The 105-KE Basin fuel and sludge are not encapsulated and, as a result, corroding fuel has produced contamination products that are deposited on the basin walls, floor, and equipment. contamination products produce radiation dose exposures to the workers. To decrease worker exposures, this Notice of Construction (NOC) describes dose reduction modifications under consideration to mitigate worker radiation exposure from the basin walls and exposed piping. The major equipment egress paths from the basin (the dummy elevator pit and the south loadout pit) are blocked completely with debris and/or empty canisters. Therefore in addition to dose reduction, this NOC also describes debris removal activities and equipment. Recently, the primary water treatment system has been without mechanical filtration capabilities. This NOC describes planned modifications to the primary water treatment system to restore mechanical filtration by restarting the cartridge filters. The proposed modifications described in this NOC are expected to commence in the Fall of 1995. Finally, the NOC describes two other basin activities, fuel and sludge movement, that are expected to be routine in the future.

HAYS, C.B.

1999-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

242

Analysis of wood-energy production and consumption strategies among small-scale farmers in central Kenya  

SciTech Connect

This study focuses on wood-energy production and consumption strategies among small-scale farm households in central Kenya. The specific objective were: (1) to determine how households had responded to specific wood-energy policies; (2) to identify factors associated with household adoption or non-adoption of the strategies. Different programs aimed at addressing wood-energy shortages in Kenya were initiated or strengthened during the 1980s: fuelwood or multipurpose tree planting; development and dissemination of improved stoves and fireplaces; promotion of increased accessibility to wood-energy substitutes. Household adoption levels for policy-supported strategies have remained low despite promotion. Survey data from two villages in Nyeri district were collected to determine the factors associated with adoption of the Kenya Ceramic Jiko, the [open quotes]Kuni Mbili[close quotes] stove/fireplace, kerosene stoves, electric cookers, and fuelwood or multipurpose tree planting. Adoption rates varied from as low as 1 percent for electricity to 43 percent for the Kenya Ceramic Jiko. Important policy variables included extension visits per year, income levels, years of formal education received by head of household, access to different fuels, area of farm-land owned, household size, and locational characteristics of the villages. Policy recommendations included: use of research results to direct policy; improvement of information flows between policy makers, extension agents, and technology-users; increased support of agroforestry; and better program coordination. Recommendations for further research included: examining more areas where efficiency gains in energy production and consumption can be made, extending the study to cover the drier parts of central Kenya, and conducting regular case studies in order to better understand the adoption process over time.

Mwangi, A.M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Predictability of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index in Kenya and Potential Applications as an Indicator of Rift Valley Fever Outbreaks in the Greater Horn of Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the progress made in producing predictions of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) over Kenya in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) for the October–December (OND) season is discussed. Several studies have identified a ...

Matayo Indeje; M. Neil Ward; Laban J. Ogallo; Glyn Davies; Maxx Dilley; Assaf Anyamba

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

A cross country study of the role of the three sectors on the acceptance and integration of people with intellectual and physical disabilities in Kenya and the United States of America.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines acceptance and integration of people with intellectual and physical disabilities in the United States and Kenya and the involvement of the three… (more)

Nash, Whitney

245

Isotopic evidence for neogene hominid paleoenvironments in the Kenya Rift Valley  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bipedality, the definitive characteristic of the earliest hominids, has been regarded as an adaptive response to a transition from forested to more-open habitats in East Africa sometime between 12 million and 5 million years ago. Analyses of the stable carbon isotopic composition ([delta][sup 13]C) of paleosol carbonate and organic matter from the Tugen Hills succession in Kenya indicate that a heterogeneous environment with a mix of C3 and C4 plants has persisted for the last 15.5 million years. Open grasslands at no time dominated this portion of the rift valley. The observed [delta][sup 13]C values offer no evidence for a shift from more-closed C3 environments to C4 grasslands habitats. If hominids evolved in East Africa during the Late Miocene, they did so in an ecologically diverse setting.

Kingston, J.D.; Hill, A. (Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)); Marino, B.D. (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States))

1994-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

246

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

SciTech Connect

Flashlights that use LED technology have quickly emerged as the dominant source of portable lighting in Kenya. While flashlights do not normally provide a substitute for kerosene and other highly inefficient fuels, they are an important early manifestation of LED lighting in the developing world that can serve as a platform - or deterrent - to the diffusion of the technology into the broader off-grid lighting market. The lead acid batteries embedded in flashlights also represent an important source of hazardous waste, and flashlight durability is thus an important determinant of the rate of waste disposal. Low-cost LED flashlights with prices from $1 to $4 are now widely available in shops and markets throughout Kenya. The increased penetration of LED technology in the flashlight market is significant, as over half of all Kenyan households report owning a flashlight (Kamfor, 2002). While this shift from conventional incandescent technology to modern LEDs may appear to be a promising development, end users that our research team interviewed expressed a number of complaints about the quality and performance of these new flashlights. This raises concerns about the interests of low-income flashlight users, and it may also indicate the onset of a broader market spoiling effect for off-grid lighting products based on LED technology (Mills and Jacobson, 2008; Lighting Africa, 2007). The quality of low-cost LED flashlights can contribute to market spoiling because these products appear to represent the first contact that most Kenyans have with LED technology. In this report, our team uses interviews with 46 end users of flashlights to collect information about their experiences, perceptions, and preferences. We focus especially on highlighting common complaints from respondents about the flashlights that they have used, as well as on noting the features that they indicated were important when evaluating the quality of a flashlight. In previous laboratory tests, researchers from our team found a wide range of quality and performance among battery powered LED lights (Granderson, et al. 2008).

Tracy, Jenny; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2009-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

247

Uranium Enrichment Measurements without Calibration Using Gamma Rays Above 100 keV  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The verification of UF{sub 6} shipping cylinders is an important activity in routine safeguards inspections. Current measurement methods using either sodium-iodide or high-purity germanium detectors require calibrations that are not always appropriate for field measurements, because of changes in geometry or container wall thickness. The introduction of the MGAU code demonstrated the usefulness of intrinsically calibrated measurements for inspections. MGAU uses the 100-keV region of the uranium gamma-ray spectrum. The thick walls of UF{sub 6} shipping cylinders and the low-energy analysis preclude the routine use of MGAU for these measurements. We have developed a uranium enrichment measurement method for measurements using high-purity germanium detectors, which do not require calibration, and uranium gamma rays above 100 keV. The method uses seven gamma rays from {sup 235}U and {sup 238}U to determine their relative detection efficiency intrinsically and with an additional gamma ray from {sup 234}U, the relative abundance of these three uranium isotopes. The method uses a function that describes the basic physical processes that predominantly determine the relative detection efficiency curve. These are the detector efficiency, the absorption by the cylinder wall, and the self-absorption by the uranium contents. We will describe this model and initial testing on various uranium materials and detector types.

Ruhter, W D; Wang, T F; Hayden, C

2001-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

248

Improving accuracy and reliability of 186-keV measurements for unattended enrichment monitoring  

SciTech Connect

Improving the quality of safeguards measurements at Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants (GCEPs), whilst reducing the inspection effort, is an important objective given the number of existing and new plants that need to be safeguarded. A useful tool in many safeguards approaches is the on-line monitoring of enrichment in process pipes. One aspect of this measurement is a simple, reliable and precise passive measurement of the 186-keV line from {sup 235}U. (The other information required is the amount of gas in the pipe. This can be obtained by transmission measurements or pressure measurements). In this paper we describe our research efforts towards such a passive measurement system. The system includes redundant measurements of the 186-keV line from the gas and separately from the wall deposits. The design also includes measures to reduce the effect of the potentially important background. Such an approach would practically eliminate false alarms and can maintain the operation of the system even with a hardware malfunction in one of the channels. The work involves Monte Carlo modeling and the construction of a proof-of-principle prototype. We will carry out experimental tests with UF{sub 6} gas in pipes with and without deposits in order to demonstrate the deposit correction.

Ianakiev, Kiril D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Boyer, Brian D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Moss, Cal E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goda, Joetta M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Favalli, Andrea [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lombardi, Marcie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Paffet, Mark T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hill, Thomas R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mac Arthur, Duncan W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Morag K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Safety-Basis Thermal Analysis for KE Basin Sludge Transport and Storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A series of safety-basis thermal and gas generation analyses were completed and independently reviewed to assess the thermal performance of a large diameter container (LDC) containing KE Basin sludge. The results demonstrate: (1) the sludge transport system (STS) containing a LDC can safely transport a KE basin sludge payload up to 2.0 m{sup 3} and, (2) large diameter containers with sludge payloads up to 2.0 m{sup 3} can be safely stored in a process cell at T Plant. The transport and storage analyses are based on a conservative set of assumptions, including limiting environmental conditions. Conclusions drawn from the transport and storage results were not impacted by changes in the radial gap between the cask and LDC, purge gas (i.e., either helium or nitrogen), sludge porosity, or thermal conductivity. The design of the transport cask and large diameter container can accommodate reasonable changes in these values. Both transport from KE Basin and long-term storage at T Plant are addressed for sludge payloads up to 2.0 m{sup 3}. Additional analyses determined the expected range of T Plant environmental temperatures, the hydrogen and oxygen generation rate due to the radiolysis of water, and the maximum hydrogen concentration within a process cell due to chemical reactions and the radiolysis of water. All sludge temperature and hydrogen concentration criteria for transport and storage are met. The analyses assumed a safety-basis sludge mixture defined as 60% by volume floor and 40% by volume canister sludge with 35% retained gas, and a conservative segregated (axial) distribution of metallic uranium (resulting from particulate settling) with associated safety-basis properties. The analyses recognized that the retrieval process would produce non-uniform sludge distributions. Four batch process loadings of 0.5m{sup 3} each are assumed. Each process batch loading will settle and segregate (separate) into two layers: an active layer containing all the metallic uranium which is chemically active, and a non-active layer containing uranium oxide, non-uranium material, and no metallic uranium. This is a conservative representation of operational controls designed to limit the metallic uranium concentration. The sludge layers are assumed to remain intact during transport and storage.

HEARD, F.J.; SATHYANARAYANA, J.J.

2002-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

250

Perspective of Systems Engineering Jing Ke, Lynn Price, Michael McNeil, Nina Zheng Khanna, Nan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Practices of Energy and Practices of Energy Benchmarking for Industry from the Perspective of Systems Engineering Jing Ke, Lynn Price, Michael McNeil, Nina Zheng Khanna, Nan Zhou Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Reprint version of journal article published in "Energy", Volume 54, Pages 32-44, June 2013 March 2013 This work was supported by the China Sustainable Energy Program of the Energy Foundation through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY LBNL-6328E Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While

251

Nan Zhou, David Fridley, Michael McNeil, Nina Khanna, Wei Feng and Jing Ke  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantifying the potential impact Quantifying the potential impact of energy efficiency and low carbon policies for China Nan Zhou, David Fridley, Michael McNeil, Nina Khanna, Wei Feng and Jing Ke China Energy Group Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Pre-print version of proceedings of the European Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy's 2013 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency, held in Toulon, France, June 3 - 8, 2013 March 2013 This work was supported by the China Sustainable Energy Program of the Energy Foundation through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY LBNL-6161E Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While

252

David Fridley, Nina Zheng, Nan Zhou, Jing Ke, Ali Hasanbeigi, Bill  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

China Energy and China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030 David Fridley, Nina Zheng, Nan Zhou, Jing Ke, Ali Hasanbeigi, Bill Morrow, and Lynn Price China Energy Group, Energy Analysis Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory January 2011 This work was supported by the Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth, Kyoto, Japan, through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE- AC02-05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the

253

Preliminary resolved resonance region evaluation of copper-63 from 0 to 300 keV  

SciTech Connect

A new preliminary evaluation of Cu-63 was done in the energy region from 0 to 300 keV extending the resolved resonance region of the previous, ENDF/B-VII.0, evaluation three-fold. The new evaluation was based on three experimental transmission data sets; two measured at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) and one from the Massachusetts Inst. of Technology Nuclear Reactor (MITR). A total of 275 new resonances were identified and a corresponding set of external resonances was approximated to mock up the external levels. The negative external levels (bound level) were modified to match the thermal cross section values. A preliminary benchmarking calculation was made using 11 ICSBEP benchmarks. This work is in support of the DOE Nuclear Criticality Safety Program. (authors)

Sobes, V.; Forget, B. [Dept. of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Bldg. 24, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Leal, L.; Guber, K. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Active detection of shielded SNM with 60-keV neutrons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fissile materials, e.g. {sup 235}U and {sup 239}Pu, can be detected non-invasively by active neutron interrogation. A unique characteristic of fissile material exposed to neutrons is the prompt emission of high-energy (fast) fission neutrons. One promising mode of operation subjects the object to a beam of medium-energy (epithermal) neutrons, generated by a proton beam impinging on a Li target. The emergence of fast secondary neutrons then clearly indicates the presence of fissile material. Our interrogation system comprises a low-dose 60-keV neutron generator (5 x 10{sup 6}/s), and a 1 m{sup 2} array of scintillators for fast neutron detection. Preliminary experimental results demonstrate the detectability of small quantities (370 g) of HEU shielded by steel (200 g/cm{sup 2}) or plywood (30 g/cm{sup 2}), with a typical measurement time of 1 min.

Hagmann, C; Dietrich, D; Hall, J; Kerr, P; Nakae, L; Newby, R; Rowland, M; Snyderman, N; Stoeffl, W

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

255

Prospects for the CERN Axion Solar Telescope Sensitivity to 14.4 keV Axions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) is searching for solar axions using the 9.0 T strong and 9.26 m long transverse magnetic field of a twin aperture LHC test magnet, where axions could be converted into X-rays via reverse Primakoff process. Here we explore the potential of CAST to search for 14.4 keV axions that could be emitted from the Sun in M1 nuclear transition between the first, thermally excited state, and the ground state of 57Fe nuclide. Calculations of the expected signals, with respect to the axion-photon coupling, axion-nucleon coupling and axion mass, are presented in comparison with the experimental sensitivity.

Jakovcic, K; Aune, S; Avignone, F T; Barth, K; Belov, A; Beltrn, B; Bruninger, H; Carmona, J M; Cebrin, S; Collar, J I; Dafni, T; Davenport, M; Di Lella, L; Eleftheriadis, C; Fanourakis, G K; Ferrer-Ribas, E; Fischer, H; Franz, J; Friedrich, P; Geralis, T; Giomataris, Ioanis; Gninenko, S; Hasinoff, M D; Heinsius, F H; Hoffmann, Dieter H H; Irastorza, I G; Jacoby, J; Kang, D; Knigsmann, K; Kotthaus, R; Krcmar, M; Kousouris, a K; Kuster, M; Laki, B; Lasseur, C; Liolios, A; Ljubici, A; Lutz, G; Luzn, G; Miller, D W; Morales, A; Morales, J; Ortiz, A; Papaevangelou, T; Placci, A; Raffelt, G; Ruz, J; Riege, H; Semertzidis, Y K; Serpico, Pasquale Dario; Stewart, o L; Vieira, J D; Villar, J; Vogel, J; Walckiers, L; Zioutas, K; Jakovcic, Kresimir

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

QUIET-TIME INTERPLANETARY {approx}2-20 keV SUPERHALO ELECTRONS AT SOLAR MINIMUM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a statistical survey of {approx}2-20 keV superhalo electrons in the solar wind measured by the SupraThermal Electron instrument on board the two STEREO spacecraft during quiet-time periods from 2007 March through 2009 March at solar minimum. The observed superhalo electrons have a nearly isotropic angular distribution and a power-law spectrum, f{proportional_to}v{sup -{gamma}}, with {gamma} ranging from 5 to 8.7, with nearly half between 6.5 and 7.5, and an average index of 6.69 {+-} 0.90. The observed power-law spectrum varies significantly on a spatial scale of {approx}>0.1 AU and a temporal scale of {approx}>several days. The integrated density of quiet-time superhalo electrons at 2-20 keV ranges from {approx}10{sup -8} cm{sup -3} to 10{sup -6} cm{sup -3}, about 10{sup -9}-10{sup -6} of the solar wind density, and, as well as the power-law spectrum, shows no correlation with solar wind proton density, velocity, or temperature. The density of superhalo electrons appears to show a solar-cycle variation at solar minimum, while the power-law spectral index {gamma} has no solar-cycle variation. These quiet-time superhalo electrons are present even in the absence of any solar activity-e.g., active regions, flares or microflares, type III radio bursts, etc.-suggesting that they may be accelerated by processes such as resonant wave-particle interactions in the interplanetary medium, or possibly by nonthermal processes related to the acceleration of the solar wind such as nanoflares, or by acceleration at the CIR forward shocks.

Wang, Linghua [Department of Geophysics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China); Lin, Robert P.; Salem, Chadi; Pulupa, Marc; Larson, Davin E.; Luhmann, Janet G. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Yoon, Peter H., E-mail: wanglhwang@gmail.com [School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Scintillation efficiency and ionization yield of liquid xenon for monoenergetic nuclear recoils down to 4 keV  

SciTech Connect

Liquid xenon (LXe) is an excellent material for experiments designed to detect dark matter in the form of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). A low energy detection threshold is essential for a sensitive WIMP search. The understanding of the relative scintillation efficiency (L{sub eff}) and ionization yield of low energy nuclear recoils in LXe is limited for energies below 10 keV. In this article, we present new measurements that extend the energy down to 4 keV, finding that L{sub eff} decreases with decreasing energy. We also measure the quenching of scintillation efficiency caused by the electric field in LXe, finding no significant field dependence.

Manzur, A.; Curioni, A.; Kastens, L.; McKinsey, D. N.; Ni, K.; Wongjirad, T. [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Establishment and evaluation of a livestock early warning system for Laikipia, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new zone was added to the existing Livestock Early Warning System (LEWS), which is a subproject of the USAID Global Livestock Collaborative Research Support Program. LEWS uses the PHYGROW model and satellite imagery of weather and vegetation to estimate the availability of forage to livestock and wildlife. Drought advisories are then distributed to governments, development organizations, and pastoralists via the Internet, satellite radios, and written reports. The Laikipia zone was established in 2001 to provide drought early warning for the arid pastoral rangelands of the Ewaso Ngiro ecosystem in the Laikipia and southern Samburu Districts, Kenya. Field verification of PHYGROW estimates of standing crop was conducted in 2002. In addition, research was conducted to determine the ability of the warning system to provide significant advance notice of emerging drought conditions. Results of this study indicate that LEWS is capable of providing accurate estimates of forage availability on East African rangelands. There is also evidence that the use of LEWS advisories could accelerate drought response by pastoralists as much as three to seven weeks.

Ryan, Zola

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Noncrystallographic calcite dendrites from hot-spring deposits at Lake Bogoria, Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex calcite crystals are an integral component of precipitates that form around the orifices of the Loburu and Mawe Moto hot springs on the shores of Lake bogoria, Kenya. Two types of large (up to 4 cm long) noncrystallographic dendrites are important components of these deposits. Feather dendrites are characterized by multiple levels of branching with individual branches developed through crystal splitting and spherulitic growth. Scandulitic (from Latin meaning shingle) dendrites are formed of stacked calcite crystals and are generally more compact than feather dendrites. These developed through the incremental stacking of rectangular-shaped calcite crystals that initially grew as skeletal crystals. Feather and scandulitic dendrites precipitated from the same waters in the same springs. The difference in morphology is therefore related to microenvironments in which they grew. Feather dendrites grew in any direction in pools of free-standing water provided that they were in constant contact with the solute. Conversely, scandulitic dendrites grew on rims of dams where water flowed over the surface in concert with the pulses of spring water. Thus, each calcite crystal in these dendrites represents one episode of crystal growth. The orientation of the component crystals in scandulitic dendrites is controlled by the topography of the dam or surface, not crystallographic criteria. The noncrystallographic dendrites formed from spring waters with initial temperatures of 90--99 C. Surficial water cooling, loss of CO{sub 2}, and presence of other elements that can interfere with crystal growth contributed to the formation of these unusual crystals.

Jones, B. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Geology; Renaut, R.W. [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (Canada). Dept. of Geological Sciences

1995-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

260

Hydrocarbon potential of the Lamu basin of south-east Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The Lamu basin occupies the coastal onshore and offshore areas of south-east Kenya. This fault bounded basin formed as a result of the Paleozoic-early Mesozoic phase of rifting that developed at the onset of Gondwana dismemberment. The resultant graben was filled by Karroo (Permian-Early Jurassic) continental siliciclastic sediments. Carbonate deposits associated with the Tethyan sea invasion, dominate the Middle to Late Jurassic basin fill. Cessation of the relative motion between Madagascar and Africa in the Early Cretaceous, heralded passive margin development and deltaic sediment progradation until the Paleogene. Shallow seas transgressed the basin in the Miocene when another carbonate regime prevailed. The basin depositional history is characterized by pulses of transgressive and regressive cycles, bounded by tectonically enhanced unconformities dividing the total sedimentary succession into discrete megasequences. Source rock strata occur within Megasequence III (Paleogene) depositional cycle and were lowered into the oil window in Miocene time, when the coastal parts of the basin experienced the greatest amount of subsidence. The tectono-eustatic pulses of the Tertiary brought about source and reservoir strata into a spatial relationship in which hydrocarbons could be entrapped. A basement high on the continental shelf has potential for Karroo sandstone and Jurassic limestone reservoirs. Halokinesis of Middle Jurassic salt in Miocene time provides additional prospects in the offshore area. Paleogene deltaic sands occur in rotated listric fault blacks. A Miocene reef Play coincides with an Eocene source rock kitchen.

Nyagah, K.; Cloeter, J.J.; Maende, A. (National Oil Corp. of Kenya, Nairobi (Kenya))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Energy flows in a secondary city: a case study of Nakuru, Kenya  

SciTech Connect

Secondary cities are currently seen as an important focus for promoting a more spatially-equitable pattern of economic infrastructure in developing countries, but their energy needs have not been considered. To test the thesis of this work - that the present pattern of energy demand in secondary cities differs, in important ways, from that of primary cities - a case study was conducted in the East African city of Nakuru, Kenya. Energy supplies used in Nakuru fall into two categories: industrial sources (electricity and petroleum) and traditional sources (wood, charcoal, and agricultural residues). This analysis of Nakuru's use of industrial sources is introduced by a historical discussion of nationwide patterns of distribution, use, and pricing of electricity and petroleum products, and is followed by data gathered from Nakuru's suppliers of these energy sources. The portrait of energy use in Nakuru is completed with an analysis of the demand for traditional energy sources. Surveys were conducted to estimate the total quantities of charcoal, wood, and agricultural resides used in Nakuru. The cornerstone of this effort was a residential energy survey stratified according to income. Nakuru is shown to rely on biomass fuels (charcoal) to a much greater degree than Nairobi, thereby proving the thesis.

Milukas, M.V.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Skeletal crystals of calcite and trona from hot-spring deposits in Kenya and New Zealand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Skeletal crystals are hollow crystals that develop because their outer walls grow before their cores. The presence of skeletal crystals of calcite (three types--trigonal prisms, hexagonal prisms, and plates) and trona in hot (> 90 C) spring deposits in New Zealand (Waikite Springs and Ohaaki Pool) and Kenya (Lorusio hot springs) shows that they can form in natural sedimentary regimes. Analysis of samples from these deposits shows that this crystal morphology develops under disequilibrium conditions that are unrelated to a specific environmental or diagenetic setting. Skeletal crystals transform into solid crystals when subsequent precipitation fills their hollow cores. In some cases, this may involve precipitation of crystalline material that has a sieve-like texture. In other examples, the skeletal crystal provides a framework upon which other materials can be precipitated. Walls in the skeletal trigonal calcite prisms from Waikite Springs are formed of subcrystals that mimic the shape of the parent crystal. Similarly, plate-like skeletal crystals from Lorusio are formed of densely packed subcrystals that are trona crystals from Lorusio are not formed of subcrystals. Recognition of skeletal crystals is important because they represent growth that follows the reverse pattern of normal growth. Failure to recognize that crystal growth followed the skeletal motif may lead to false interpretations concerning the growth of a crystal.

Jones, B. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences; Renaut, R.W. [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Geological Sciences

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The Complex 0.1-100 keV X-Ray Spectrum of PKS2155-304  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A long ($>100,000$ seconds) observation of the bright BL Lac object PKS 2155-304 has been carried out with the Narrow Field Instruments of the BeppoSAX satellite as part of the Science Verification Phase. The source was detected between 0.1 and about 100 keV at an intermediate intensity level compared to previous observations. The unique spectral coverage of BeppoSAX has allowed us to detect a number of spectral features. Between 0.1 and 10 keV the spectrum can be well described by a convex spectrum with (energy) slope gradually steepening from 1.1 to 1.6. At higher energies evidence for a sharp spectral hardening is found, while in the soft X-rays (0.1-1.0 keV) some evidence for an absorption feature was found. Indication for an emission line at 6.4 keV in the source rest frame is present. Repeated variability of $\\approx 20-30%$ around the mean flux is clearly detected on time scales of a few hours. From the symmetry and timescale of the observed variations we derive limits on the magnetic field and on the maximum energy of the emitting particles, implying that PKS 2155-304 should not be bright at TeV energies.

P. Giommi et al

1998-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

264

First limits on the 3-200 keV X-ray spectrum of the quiet Sun using RHESSI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first results using the Reuven Ramaty High-Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager, RHESSI, to observe solar X-ray emission not associated with active regions, sunspots or flares (the quiet Sun). Using a newly developed chopping technique (fan-beam modulation) during seven periods of offpointing between June 2005 to October 2006, we obtained upper limits over 3-200 keV for the quietest times when the GOES12 1-8A flux fell below $10^{-8}$ Wm$^{-2}$. These values are smaller than previous limits in the 17-120 keV range and extend them to both lower and higher energies. The limit in 3-6 keV is consistent with a coronal temperature $\\leq 6$ MK. For quiet Sun periods when the GOES12 1-8A background flux was between $10^{-8}$ Wm$^{-2}$ and $10^{-7}$ Wm$^{-2}$, the RHESSI 3-6 keV flux correlates to this as a power-law, with an index of $1.08 \\pm 0.13$. The power-law correlation for microflares has a steeper index of $1.29 \\pm 0.06$. We also discuss the possibility of observing quiet Sun X-rays due to solar axions and use the RHESSI quiet Sun limits to estimate the axion-to-photon coupling constant for two different axion emission scenarios.

Iain G. Hannah; G. J Hurford; H. S. Hudson; R. P. Lin; K. van Bibber

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

265

Optima MDxt: A high throughput 335 keV mid-dose implanter  

SciTech Connect

The continuing demand for both energy purity and implant angle control along with high wafer throughput drove the development of the Axcelis Optima MDxt mid-dose ion implanter. The system utilizes electrostatic scanning, an electrostatic parallelizing lens and an electrostatic energy filter to produce energetically pure beams with high angular integrity. Based on field proven components, the Optima MDxt beamline architecture offers the high beam currents possible with singly charged species including arsenic at energies up to 335 keV as well as large currents from multiply charged species at energies extending over 1 MeV. Conversely, the excellent energy filtering capability allows high currents at low beam energies, since it is safe to utilize large deceleration ratios. This beamline is coupled with the >500 WPH capable endstation technology used on the Axcelis Optima XEx high energy ion implanter. The endstation includes in-situ angle measurements of the beam in order to maintain excellent beam-to-wafer implant angle control in both the horizontal and vertical directions. The Optima platform control system provides new generation dose control system that assures excellent dosimetry and charge control. This paper will describe the features and technologies that allow the Optima MDxt to provide superior process performance at the highest wafer throughput, and will provide examples of the process performance achievable.

Eisner, Edward; David, Jonathan; Justesen, Perry; Kamenitsa, Dennis; McIntyre, Edward; Rathmell, Robert; Ray, Andrew; Rzeszut, Richard [Axcelis Technologies, Inc., 108 Cherry Hill Drive, Beverly, MA 01915 (United States)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

266

Characterization of Settler Tank, KW Container and KE Container Sludge Simulants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Sludge Treatment Project (STP), managed by CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC) has specified base formulations for non-radioactive sludge simulants for use in the development and testing of equipment for sludge sampling, retrieval, transport, and processing. In general, the simulant formulations are based on the average or design-basis physical and chemical properties obtained by characterizing sludge samples. The simulants include surrogates for uranium metal, uranium oxides (agglomerates and fine particulate), and the predominant chemical phases (iron and aluminum hydroxides, sand). Specific surrogate components were selected to match the nominal particle-size distribution and particle-density data obtained from sludge sample analysis. Under contract to CHPRC, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has performed physical and rheological characterization of simulants, and the results are reported here. Two base simulant types (dry) were prepared by STP staff at the Maintenance and Storage Facility and received by PNNL in February 2009: Settler Tank Simulant and KW Container Sludge Simulant. A third simulant, KE Container Sludge Simulant was received by PNNL in December 2010. The objectives of this simulant characterization effort were to provide baseline characterization data on simulants being used by STP for process development and equipment testing and provide a high-level comparison of the simulant characteristics to the targets used to formulate the simulants.

Burns, Carolyn A.; Luna, Maria L.; Schmidt, Andrew J.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

A DATABASE OF >20 keV ELECTRON GREEN'S FUNCTIONS OF INTERPLANETARY TRANSPORT AT 1 AU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use interplanetary transport simulations to compute a database of electron Green's functions, i.e., differential intensities resulting at the spacecraft position from an impulsive injection of energetic (>20 keV) electrons close to the Sun, for a large number of values of two standard interplanetary transport parameters: the scattering mean free path and the solar wind speed. The nominal energy channels of the ACE, STEREO, and Wind spacecraft have been used in the interplanetary transport simulations to conceive a unique tool for the study of near-relativistic electron events observed at 1 AU. In this paper, we quantify the characteristic times of the Green's functions (onset and peak time, rise and decay phase duration) as a function of the interplanetary transport conditions. We use the database to calculate the FWHM of the pitch-angle distributions at different times of the event and under different scattering conditions. This allows us to provide a first quantitative result that can be compared with observations, and to assess the validity of the frequently used term beam-like pitch-angle distribution.

Agueda, N.; Sanahuja, B. [Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain); Vainio, R. [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

Characteristics of KE Basin Sludge Samples Archived in the RPL - 2007  

SciTech Connect

Samples of sludge were collected from the K East fuel storage basin (KE Basin) floor, contiguous pits (Weasel Pit, North Load Out Pit, Dummy Elevator Pit, and Tech View Pit), and fuel storage canisters between 1995 and 2003 for chemical and radionuclide concentration analysis, physical property determination, and chemical process testing work. Because of the value of the sludge in this testing and because of the cost of obtaining additional fresh samples, an ongoing program of sludge preservation has taken place with the goals to track the sludge identities and preserve, as well as possible, the sludge composition by keeping the sludge in sealed jars and maintaining water coverage on the sludge consistent with the controlling Fluor Hanford (FH) Sampling and Analysis plans and FH contracts with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). This work was originally initiated to provide material for planned hydrothermal treatment testing in accordance with the test plan for the Sludge Treatment Project (STP) corrosion process chemistry follow on testing (Delegard et al. 2007). Although most of the planned hydrothermal testing was canceled in July 2007 (as described in the forward of Delegard et al. 2007), sample consolidation and characterization was continued to identify a set of well-characterized sludge samples that are suited to support evolving STP initiatives. The work described in the letter was performed by the PNNL under the direction of the Sludge Treatment Project, managed by Fluor Hanford.

Delegard, Calvin H.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Chenault, Jeffrey W.

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

269

The System of Nanosecond 280-KeV He+ Pulsed Beam  

SciTech Connect

At Fast Neutron Research Facility, the 150 kV-pulses neutron generator is being upgraded to a 280-kV-pulsed-He beam for time-of-flight Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. It involves replacing the existing beam line elements by a multicusp ion source, a 400-kV accelerating tube, 45{sup o}-double focusing dipole magnet and quadrupole lens. The multicusp ion source is a compact filament-driven of 2.6 cm in diameter and 8 cm in length. The current extracted is 20.4 {micro}A with 13 kV of extraction voltage and 8.8 kV of Einzel lens voltage. The beam emittance has found to vary between 6-12 mm mrad. The beam transport system has to be redesigned based on the new elements. The important part of a good pulsed beam depends on the pulsing system. The two main parts are the chopper and buncher. An optimized geometry for the 280 keV pulsed helium ion beam will be presented and discussed. The PARMELA code has been used to optimize the space charge effect, resulting in pulse width of less than 2 ns at a target. The calculated distance from a buncher to the target is 4.6 m. Effects of energy spread and phase angle between chopper and buncher have been included in the optimization of the bunch length.

Junphong, P.; Ano, V.; Lekprasert, B.; Suwannakachorn, D.; Thongnopparat, N.; Vilaithong, T.; /Chiang Mai U.; Wiedemann, H.; /SLAC /SLAC, SSRL

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Inelastic processes in K^(+)- He collisions in energy range 0.7 - 10 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Absolute cross sections for charge exchange, ionization, stripping and excitation in K^(+) - He collisions were measured in the ion energy range 0.7 - 10 keV. The experimental data and the schematic correlation diagrams are used to analyze and determine the mechanisms for these processes. The increase of the excitation probability of inelastic channels with the angle of scattering is revealed. An exceptionally highly excited state of He is observed and a peculiarity for the excitation function of the resonance line is explained. The intensity ratio for the excitation of the K II \\lambda = 60.1 nm and \\lambda = 61.2 nm lines is 5:1 which indicates the high probability for excitation of the singlet resonance level $^{1}$P$_{1}$ compared to the triplet level $^{3}$P$_{1}$. The similarity of the population of the 4p state of the potassium ion and atom as well as the anomalously small values of the excitation cross sections are explained.

R. A. Lomsadze; M. R. Gochitashvili; R. Ya. Kezerashvili; N. O. Mosulishvili; R. Phaneuf

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

271

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

SciTech Connect

Flashlight usage is widespread across much of sub-Saharan Africa.1 In Kenya in particular, over half of all households report owning a flashlight (Kamfor, 2002). Aside from household use, flashlights are also widely used to perform income-earning jobs in Kenya. Lumina Research Note No.4, the first report in this series documenting flashlight use in Kenya, highlights flashlight use patterns of night watchmen and bicycle taxi drivers. Both of these are occupations that rely on the use of flashlights on a nightly basis (Tracy et al., 2009). Also highlighted by Research Note No.4, flashlight users in Kenya have reported being highly dissatisfied with the quality of the low-cost LED flashlights that are available, and they identify several reoccurring problems they have faced as flashlight end-users (Tracy et al., 2009). The fact that there exists a substantial dependency upon flashlights in Kenya and that users are disgruntled with the available products suggests reasons for concern about flashlight quality. This concern is present despite two recent technological transitions in the flashlight market. First, LED technology has quickly emerged as the dominant source of portable lighting in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone et al., 2009). LED technology has the potential to provide efficiency and performance benefits relative to incandescent bulbs, and low-cost LEDs have achieved price levels that make them cost competitive with conventional lighting sources for a number of applications (Mills, 2005). Second, rechargeable sealed-lead acid (SLA) batteries are also becoming more prevalent alternatives to disposable dry cell batteries. Flashlights using rechargeable SLA batteries tend to have a lower total cost of ownership over a two-year period than a flashlight using dry cell batteries (Radecsky, 2009); however, as this current report highlights, this may vary depending on the intensity of use patterns. To avoid a potential market spoiling effect for off-grid lighting products based on LED technology (Mills and Jacobson, 2008; Lighting Africa, 2007) a better understanding of flashlight use-patterns is crucial (Tracy et al., 2009). In addition, the economic implications faced by rural flashlight end-users provide further incentive for a move toward higher quality low-cost flashlights. In this report, our team uses interviews with 46 end users of flashlights to collect information about their use patterns and costs associated with owning and operating flashlight products. While flashlights used in their portable mode typically do not represent a substitute for kerosene or other forms of fuel-based lighting, at times they are used in stationary applications in place of a fuel-based lamp. In either case, these products often represent end users first exposure to LED technology and rechargeable dry cell batteries, and thus stand to either provide a positive or negative impression of these technologies for a diversity of lighting applications.

Tracy, Jennifer; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

272

Stratigraphy and rifting history of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic Anza rift, Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithological and compositional relationships, thicknesses, and palynological data from drilling cuttings from five wells in the Anza rift, Kenya, indicate active rifting during the Late Cretaceous and Eocene-Oligocene. The earlier rifting possibly started in the Santonian-Coniacian, primarily occurred in the Campanian, and probably extended into the Maastrichtian. Anza rift sedimentation was in lacustrine, lacustrine-deltaic, fluvial, and flood-basin environments. Inferred synrift intervals in wells are shalier, thicker, more compositionally immature, and more poorly sorted than Lower Cretaceous ( )-lower Upper Cretaceous and upper Oligocene( )-Miocene interrift deposits. Synrift sandstone is mostly feldspathic or arkosic wacke. Sandstone deposited in the Anza basin during nonrift periods is mostly quartz arenite, and is coarser and has a high proportion of probable fluvial deposits relative to other facies. Volcanic debris is absent in sedimentary strata older than Pliocene-Holocene, although small Cretaceous intrusions are present in the basin. Cretaceous sandstone is cemented in places by laumontite, possibly recording Campanian extension. Early Cretaceous history of the Anza basin is poorly known because of the limited strata sampled; Jurassic units were not reached. Cretaceous rifting in the Anza basin was synchronous with rifting in Sudan and with the breakup and separation of South America and Africa; these events likely were related. Eocene-Oligocene extension in the Anza basin reflects different stresses. The transition from active rifting to passive subsidence in the Anza basin at the end of the Neogene, in turn, records a reconfigured response of east African plates to stresses and is correlated with formation of the East Africa rift.

Winn, R.D. Jr.; Steinmetz, J.C. (Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States)); Kerekgyarto, W.L. (Marathon Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Deltaic sedimentation in saline, alkaline Lake Bogoria, Kenya: Response to environmental change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lake Bogoria is a meromictic, saline (90 g/l TDS), alkaline (pH: 10.3) lake with Na-CO[sub 3]-Cl waters, located in a narrow half-graben in the central Kenya Rift. It is fed by hot springs, direct precipitation, and a series of ephemeral streams that discharge into the lake via small deltas and fan-deltas. Examination of the exposed deltas and >50 short cores from the lake floor, have revealed a wide range of deltaic and prodeltaic sediments, including turbidites and subaqueous debris-flow deposits. Studies of 3 long cores and the exposed delta stratigraphy have shown how the style of deltaic sedimentation has responded to environmental changes during the last 30,000 years. During humid periods when lake level is high the lake waters are fresher and less dense. Theoretically, high sediment yield and more constant discharge may promote underflow (hyperpycnal flow), generating low-density turbidity currents. In contrast, during low stages with dense brine, the less dense, inflowing waters carry fine sediment plumes toward the center of the lake where they settle from suspension (hypopycnal flow). Although applicable as a general model, the sediment record shows that reality is more complex. Variations in meromixis and level of the chemocline, together with local and temporal differences in sediment yield and discharge, may permit density flows even when the lake is under a predominant hypopycnal regime. During periods of aridity when sodium carbonate evaporites were forming, exposed delta plains were subject to desiccation with local development of calcrete and zeolitic paleosols.

Renaut, R.W. (Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (Canada). Dept. of Geological Sciences); Tiercelin, J.J. (Univ. Bretagne Occidentale, Brest (France). Domaines Oceaniques)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Comparison of emissions and residential exposure from traditional and improved cookstoves in Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Suspended particulate matter and carbon emissions from the combustion of biomass, in addition to their environmental consequences, have been causally associated with the incidence of respiratory and eye infections. Improved stoves offer the potential for emissions reduction. The authors compare the emissions of suspended particulate matter and carbon monoxide from traditional and improved biofuel stoves in Kenya under the actual conditions of household use. Data for analysis is from 137 14-h days of continuous real-time emission concentration monitoring in a total of 38 households. Their analysis shows that improved (ceramic) wood-burning stoves reduce daily average suspended particulate matter concentration by 48% during the active burning period and by 77% during the smoldering phase. Ceramic stoves also reduce the median and the 75th and 95th percentiles of daily emission concentration during the burning period and the 95th percentile during the smoldering phase, and therefore shift the overall emission profile downward. Improved charcoal-burning stoves also offer reductions in indoor air pollution compared to the traditional metal stove, but these are not statistically significant. The greatest reduction in emission concentration is achieved as a result of transition from wood to charcoal where mean emission concentrations drop by 87% during the burning period and by 92% when smoldering as well as large reductions in the median and 75th and 95th percentiles. These results indicate that transition to charcoal, followed by the use of improved wood stoves, are viable options for reduction of human exposure to indoor air pollution in many developing nations.

Ezzati, M.; Mbinda, B.M.; Kammen, D.M.

2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Model for trace metal exposure in filter-feeding flamingos at alkaline Rift Valley Lake, Kenya  

SciTech Connect

Toxic trace metals have been implicated as a potential cause of recent flamingo kills at Lake Nakuru, Kenya. Chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) have accumulated in the lake sediments as a result of unregulated discharges and because this alkaline lake has no natural outlet. Lesser flamingos (Phoeniconaias minor) at Lake Nakuru feed predominantly on the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis, and because of their filter-feeding mechanism, they are susceptible to exposure to particle-bound metals. Trace metal adsorption isotherms to lake sediments and S. platensis were obtained under simulated lake conditions, and a mathematical model was developed to predict metal exposure via filter feeding based on predicted trace metal phase distribution. Metal adsorption to suspended solids followed the trend Pb {much_gt} Zn > Cr > Cu, and isotherms were linear up to 60 {micro}g/L. Adsorption to S. platensis cells followed the trend Pb {much_gt} Zn > Cu > Cr and fit Langmuir isotherms for Cr, Cu and Zn and a linear isotherm for Pb. Predicted phase distributions indicated that Cr and Pb in Lake Nakuru are predominantly associated with suspended solids, whereas Cu and Zn are distributed more evenly between the dissolved phase and particulate phases of both S. platensis and suspended solids. Based on established flamingo feeding rates and particle size selection, predicted Cr and Pb exposure occurs predominantly through ingestion of suspended solids, whereas Cu and Zn exposure occurs through ingestion of both suspended solids and S. platensis. For the lake conditions at the time of sampling, predicted ingestion rates based on measured metal concentrations in lake suspended solids were 0.71, 6.2, 0.81, and 13 mg/kg-d for Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn, respectively.

Nelson, Y.M.; DiSante, C.J.; Lion, L.W. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Thampy, R.J.; Raini, J.A. [Worldwide Fund for Nature, Nakuru (Kenya). Lake Nakuru Conservation and Development Project; Motelin, G.K. [Egerton Univ., Njoro (Kenya). Dept. of Animal Health

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

The origin of hydrothermal and other gases in the Kenya Rift Valley  

SciTech Connect

The Kenya Rift Valley (KRV) is part of a major continental rift system from which much outgassing is presently occurring. Previous research on gases in the KRV has tended to concentrate on their geothermal implications; the present paper is an attempt to broaden the interpretation by consideration of new data including helium and carbon isotope analyses from a wide cross-section of sites. In order to do this, gases have been divided into categories dependent on origin. N{sub 2} and noble gases are for the most part atmospherically derived, although their relative concentrations may be altered from ASW ratios by various physical processes. Reduced carbon (CH{sub 4} and homologues) appears to be exclusively derived from the shallow crust, with thermogenic {delta}{sup 13}C values averaging -25{per_thousand} PDB for CH{sub 4}. H{sub 2} is likely also to be crustally formed. CO{sub 2}, generally a dominant constituent, has a narrow {delta}{sup 13}C range averaging -3.7{per_thousand} PDB, and is likely to be derived with little modification from the upper mantle. Consideration of the ratio C/{sup 3}He supports this view in most cases. Sulphur probably also originates there. Ratios of {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He reach a MORB-like maximum of 8.0 R/R{sub A} and provide the best indication of an upper mantle source of gases beneath the KRV. A correlation between {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He and the hydrocarbon parameter log (C{sub 1}/{Sigma}C{sub 2-4}) appears to be primarily temperature related. The highest {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He ratios in spring waters are associated with basalts, perhaps because of the leaching of basalt glasses. There may be a structural control on {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He ratios in the KRV as a whole.

Darling, W.G. [British Geological Survey, Wallingford (United Kingdom)] [British Geological Survey, Wallingford (United Kingdom); Griesshaber, E. [Max-Planck Institut fuer Chemie, Mainz (Germany)] [Max-Planck Institut fuer Chemie, Mainz (Germany); Andrews, J.N. [Univ. of Reading (United Kingdom)] [and others] [Univ. of Reading (United Kingdom); and others

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Origin of platy calcite crystals in hot-spring deposits in the Kenya Rift Valley  

SciTech Connect

Platy calcite crystals, which have their c axis parallel to their shortest length axis, are common components of travertine deposits found around some hot springs in the Kenya Rift Valley. They are composite crystals formed of numerous paper-thin subcrystals. Individual plates allowed to grow without obstruction develop a hexagonal motif. The Kenyan crystals typically form in hot (>75 C) waters that have a low Ca content (<10 mg/l), a high CO{sub 2} content, and a high rate of CO{sub 2} degassing. At Chemurkeu, aggregates of numerous small platy crystals collectively form lattice crystals that superficially resemble ray crystals. The walls of the lattice crystals are formed of large platy crystals that have their long and intermediate length axes aligned parallel to the plane of the long axis of the lattice crystal. Internally, the lattice crystals are formed of small platy calcite crystals arranged in a boxlike pattern that creates the appearance of a lattice when viewed in thin section. Lattice crystals are highly porous, with each pore being enclosed by platy crystals. At Lorusio, travertines are mainly formed of pseudodentrites that are constructed by numerous small platy crystals attached to a main stem which is a large platy crystal that commonly curves along its long axis. The pseudodentrites are the main construction blocks in ledges and lilypads that form in the vent pool and spring outflow channels, where the water is too hot for microbes other than hyperthermophiles. The platy calcite crystals in the Kenyan travertines are morphologically similar to platy calcite crystals that form as scale in pipes in the geothermal fields of New Zealand and hydrothermal angel wing calcite from the La Fe mine in Mexico. Comparison of the Kenyan and New Zealand crystals indicates that platy calcite crystals form from waters with a low Ca{sup 2+} content and a high CO{sub 3}/Ca ratio due to rapid rates of CO{sub 2} degassing.

Jones, B. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences; Renault, R.W. [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Geological Sciences

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

An analysis of the production and manufacture of the modified clay pot at the Oriang Women's Pottery Group, the Amilo-Rangwe Pottery Group, and the Kinda E Teko Pottery Group in Nyanza Province, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In response to the growing demands for safe water supplies and the absence of a central infrastructure capable of meeting those demands, CARE-Kenya has implemented a safe water storage program at the household level. Central ...

Pihulic, Michael P. (Michael Phillip), 1982-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Characterization of Compaction and Dryout Properties of KE Basin Sludge During Long-Term Storage  

SciTech Connect

The long-term behavior of Hanford Site K Basin sludge with respect to loss of supernatant water and solids compaction is important in designing sludge storage and handling systems. This report describes the results of laboratory tests performed to understand and predict K Basin sludge drying and compaction rates under extended (28-month) {approx}34 C hot cell storage. Tests were conducted with six K Basin sludge materials, a control sample of simulated K Basin sludge, and a control sample containing only K Basin supernatant liquid. All samples were held in graduated cylinders fitted with threaded plastic caps. Quantitative data were gathered on how the mass and volume of K Basin sludge, and its associated supernatant liquid, changed with respect to storage time. The tests showed that the K Basin sludge samples lost water unpredictably, depending on cap seal tightness, with projected dryout times for a 1-cm cover water depth ranging from 5 to 216 months. Though the ambient radiation field ({approx}5 Rad/hour) likely contributed to cap seal degradation, water evaporation rates were found to be independent of the contained material (water vs. sludge; radioactive vs. non-radioactive sludge). Although water was lost at variable rates from sludge samples during storage in the hot cell (and, presumably, in long-term containerized storage), the sludge itself had no intrinsic propensity to enhance or diminish the rate of water evaporation compared with that exhibited by water stored in the same environment. Most of the compaction of the six KE Basin sludges and the simulated sludge occurred in the first week. Subsequent compaction to 28-months time provided little additional increase in settled sludge density. Agitating the settled sludge likewise had little to no effect on the density. However, one tested sludge contained unreacted uranium metal that began to generate corrosion product hydrogen gas after 78 days of settling and strongly altered the apparent sludge density. T he lengthy induction time shows again that uranium metal-bearing sludge may lie quiescent for long periods, even at comparatively warm temperatures, before initiating gas generation. When the testing was completed, the sludge samples were removed from the graduated cylinders. Most sludge re-suspended readily but a canister sludge sample that had previously been allowed to dry out during storage self-cemented into a hard-cake monolith and could not be re-suspended. Settled sludge density and the concentrations of 154Eu, 241Am, and the plutonium isotopes were found to follow the dry basis uranium concentration in the sludge solids. These findings amplify observations made in prior characterization studies that showed that sludge density and radiolytic, fissile material, and TRU (primarily 241Am and 238,239,240Pu) concentrations are proportional to uranium concentration. The sludge pH, found to decrease from {approx}8 to {approx}5 with a dry basis uranium concentration increase from {approx}2.5 to 82 wt% , provides data useful in designing sludge storage and process equipment.

Delegard, Calvin H.; Poloski, Adam P.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Chenault, Jeffrey W.

2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

280

Causes and Consequences of Employee Turnover in a Financial Institution in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Employee turnover is expensive and disruptive to organizations. However not many employers appreciate the value lost in quality of human capital, and dollar value of lost productivity and time due to turnover. This study identified the causes and consequences of voluntary employee turnover in a financial institution in Kenya. The researcher established from the bank records that 80 employees resigned from the institution in the five-year period. The causes of turnover were identified and recorded as given in the separated employees' resignation letters held at the bank, and categorized as either avoidable or unavoidable. The quality of the separated employees was measured by academic qualifications, banking training, job performance ratings and years of work experience as recorded in the separated person's file. Turnover cost was computed based on the earnings of the separated employee and the associated administration costs, plus the cost of training and lost productivity due to the resignations. The turnover policies were reviewed. The data collected were coded and analyzed using the SPSS program version16. The quantitative data analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics. Non-parametric Chi-Square Goodness-of-Fit Test was used to test the research hypotheses. A thematic analysis of the narration by the HR director was done. The reasons for the resignations were as follows: 65 percent better salaries offered elsewhere, 17.7 percent were due to family reasons, 13.8 percent went on further studies, 2.5 percent had problems with bank administration and 1.2 percent changed careers. It was further established that 71 percent of the separated workers had university degrees, 92 percent were either good or excellent job performers, 35 percent had more than ten years work experience and 80 percent had received bank training. The turnover cost per separated employee was 100 percent of the worker's annual salary. The total turnover cost comprised of 43.5 percent in lost productively due to the resignations; 30.9 percent on training and 25.6 percent on recruiting and hiring replacements. The researcher concluded that personnel turnovers had negative consequences for the bank in terms of loss of quality human capital and cost, and that management should act to resolve the problem since 67.5 percent of the turnovers were avoidable.

Obiero, Dan

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Combining MSS and AVHRR imagery to assess vegetation biomass and dynamics in an arid pastoral ecosystem, Turkana District, Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Landsat multi-spectral scanner (MSS) imagery was used to develop a vegetation type-biomass map of the 84,000 Km/sup 2/ Turkana District, Kenya. NOAA satellite advanced very high resolution radiometry (AVHRR) imagery was overlaid on the MSS map to trace the seasonal and annual dynamics of vegetation communities used by Turkana pastoral nomads, 1981-1984. Four regions (sub-sectional territories) were compared with respect to peak herbaceous biomass, woody canopy cover, and seasonal fluxes in total green biomass. Results demonstrated major variations among regions and between wet and dry season ranges within regions. Pastoral land use patterns appear to minimize effects of seasonal vegetation fluxes on livestock herds.

Ellis, J.E.; Swift, D.M.; Hart, T.C.; Dick, O.B.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

superior lighting services to low income people in off-grid areas of developing countries, many of whom currently rely on fuel based lighting sources such as kerosene. If this potential is to be achieved in the near term, however, manufacturers must produce off-grid lighting products that are inexpensive, perform well, and meet the needs of potential end users. At present, relatively few products meet all three of these goals. In this article, we report results from a detailed study of lighting use by micro-enterprises in two small towns in Kenya's Rift Valley Province. The work included a survey about lighting use by 50 small businesses, careful measurements of kerosene lighting use patterns and associated costs for 23 of these businesses, and a subsequent field trial in which 14 of the 23 businesses purchased and used low cost LED lamps over a number of months.

Radecsky, Kristen; Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2008-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

283

Curium-245 and curium-247 neutron cross sections between 10 keV and 10 MeV  

SciTech Connect

The optical model code 2PLUS and the statistical model codes COMNUC and CASCADE were used to compute neutron cross sections for Cm-245 and Cm-247 between 10 keV and 10 MeV. Cross sections for elastic and inelastic scattering, radiative capture, fission, and the (n,2n) reactions were computed. The parameters for the fission model were selected to yield agreement with the cross sections from the Physics-8 bomb shot. Pu-239 cross sections were calculated and compared with existing cross section evaluations to demonstrate the validity of the calculational methods.

Clifford, L.R.; McCrosson, F.J.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Single-Photon Entanglement in the keV Regime via Coherent Control of Nuclear Forward Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generation of single-photon entanglement is discussed in nuclear forward scattering. Using successive switchings of the direction of the nuclear hyperfine magnetic field, the coherent scattering of photons on nuclei is controlled such that two signal pulses are generated out of one initial pump pulse. The two time-resolved correlated signal pulses have different polarizations and energy in the keV regime. Spatial separation of the entangled field modes and extraction of the signal from the background can be achieved with the help of state-of-the-art x-ray polarizers and piezoelectric fast steering mirrors.

Adriana Pálffy; Christoph H. Keitel; Jörg Evers

2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

285

Absolute calibration of image plates for electrons at energy between 100 keV and 4 MeV  

SciTech Connect

We measured the absolute response of image plate (Fuji BAS SR2040) for electrons at energies between 100 keV and 4 MeV using an electron spectrometer. The electron source was produced from a short pulse laser irradiated on solid density targets. This paper presents the calibration results of image plate photon stimulated luminescence per electron at this energy range. The Monte Carlo radiation transport code MCNPX results are also presented for three representative incident angles onto the image plates and corresponding electron energy depositions at these angles. These provide a complete set of tools that allows extraction of our absolute calibration to other spectrometer setting at this electron energy range.

Chen Hui; Back, Norman L.; Eder, David C.; MacPhee, Andrew G.; Ping Yuan; Song, Peter M.; Throop, Alan [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550-9234 (United States); Bartal, Teresa; Beg, F. N. [University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Link, Anthony J.; Van Woerkom, Linn [Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Absolute Calibration of Image Plate for electrons at energy between 100 keV and 4 MeV  

SciTech Connect

The authors measured the absolute response of image plate (Fuji BAS SR2040) for electrons at energies between 100 keV to 4 MeV using an electron spectrometer. The electron source was produced from a short pulse laser irradiated on the solid density targets. This paper presents the calibration results of image plate Photon Stimulated Luminescence PSL per electrons at this energy range. The Monte Carlo radiation transport code MCNPX results are also presented for three representative incident angles onto the image plates and corresponding electron energies depositions at these angles. These provide a complete set of tools that allows extraction of the absolute calibration to other spectrometer setting at this electron energy range.

Chen, H; Back, N L; Eder, D C; Ping, Y; Song, P M; Throop, A

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

287

Sediment infill within rift basins: Facies distribution and effects of deformation: Examples from the Kenya and Tanganyika Rifts, East Africa  

SciTech Connect

Oil is known from lacustrine basins of the east African rift. The geology of such basins is complex and different depending on location in the eastern and western branches. The western branch has little volcanism, leading to long-lived basins, such as Lake Tanganyika, whereas a large quantity of volcanics results in the eastern branch characterized by ephemeral basins, as the Baringo-Bogoria basin in Kenya. The Baringo-Bogoria basin is a north-south half graben formed in the middle Pleistocene and presently occupied by the hypersaline Lake Bogoria and the freshwater Lake Baringo. Lake Bogoria is fed by hot springs and ephemeral streams controlled by grid faults bounding the basin to the west. The sedimentary fill is formed by cycles of organic oozes having a good petroleum potential and evaporites. On the other hand, and as a consequence of the grid faults, Lake Baringo is fed by permanent streams bringing into the basin large quantities of terrigenous sediments. Lake Tanganyika is a meromictic lake 1470 m deep and 700 km long, of middle Miocene age. It is subdivided into seven asymmetric half grabens separated by transverse ridges. The sedimentary fill is thick and formed by organic oozes having a very good petroleum potential. In contrast to Bogoria, the lateral distribution of organic matter is characterized by considerable heterogeneity due to the existence of structural blocks or to redepositional processes.

Tiercelin, J.J.; Lezzar, K.E. (Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest (France)); Richert, J.P. (Elf Aquitaine, Pau (France))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Single-crystal sup 40 Ar/ sup 39 Ar dating of the Olorgesailie Formation, southern Kenya rift  

SciTech Connect

Single-crystal laser fusion {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar analyses and several conventional bulk fusion {sup 40}K- {sup 40}Ar dates have been used to determine the age of volcaniclastic strata within the Olorgesailie Formation and of associated volcanic and sedimentary units of the southern Kenya rift. In the principal exposures along the southern edge of the Legemunge Plain, the formation spans the interval from approximately 500 to 1,000 ka. Deposition continued to the east along the Ol Keju Nyiro river where a tuff near the top of the formation has been dated at 215 ka. In these exposures, the formation is unconformably overlain by sediments dated at 49 ka. A possible source for the Olorgesailie tephra, the Ol Doinyo Nyokie volcanic complex, contains as ash flow dated at {approximately} 1 Ma, extending the known age range of this complex to encompass that of virtually the entire Olorgesailie Formation in the Legemunge Plain. These geologic examples illustrate the importance of the single-crystal {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar dating technique whereby contaminant, altered, or otherwise aberrant grains can be identified and eliminated from the determination of eruptive ages for reworked or altered pyroclastic deposits. The authors have presented a computer-modeling procedure based on an inverse-isochron analysis that promotes a more objective approach to trimming {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar isotope data sets of this type.

Deino, A. (Geochronology Center of the Inst. of Human Origins, Berkeley, CA (United States)); Potts, R. (Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC (United States))

1990-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

289

Characterization of leakage current in thin gate oxide subjected to 10 KeV X-ray irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Two components of the low-field current have been identified in thin oxides, following 10 KeV X-ray irradiation. The first component, observed in the direct tunneling region, can be removed by a 100 C anneal, and is also greatly suppressed if the irradiation is done in vacuum or in a nitrogen ambient, or if the oxide is preannealed before irradiation. The origin of this current is speculated to be related to adsorbed water molecules on the gate surface. The second component is observed to begin in the pre-Fowler-Nordheim tunneling (FNT) region and extends into the FNT region, only in oxides less than {approximately}8 nm thick, and persists even after several days of anneal at 300 C. This current exhibits a power law dependence on radiation dose. The origin of this second component is believed to be due to the trap-assisted tunneling via neutral electron traps, similar to the leakage current observed in the oxide after high-voltage stress.

Ling, C.H.; Ang, C.H.; Ang, D.S.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

sup 40 Ar/ sup 39 Ar age calibration of the litho- and paleomagnetic stratigraphies of the Ngorora Formation, Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precise eruptive ages have been determined by the laser-fusion, single-crystal {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar method for juvenile volcanic feldspars from reworked and contaminated volcaniclastic rocks of the middle Miocene Ngorora Formation, Kenya Rift Valley. These ages range from 13.06 Ma at the base to 10.51 Ma toward the top of the type section near Kabarsero. Correlation of the local paleomagnetic stratigraphies with the geomagnetic reversal time scale yields magnetochronologic age estimates that are younger than the isotopic ages by an average of 0.18 Ma. Much of the discrepancy can be eliminated if an inferred change in sea-floor spreading rate occurred at 13 Ma or earlier, rather than at 10.42 Ma as previously suggested. Sedimentation rates at Kabarsero calculated from the {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar results decrease from initial values of {approximately}25 cm/1,000 yr to {approximately}5 cm/1,000 yr toward the top of the section. The initial rapid sedimentation rates characterize the first 0.1 to 0.3 m.y. following emplacement of the underlying, voluminous, basin-filling Tiim Phonolites, indicating that the Baringo Basin at this time may not have existed as a rift valley created by extensional tectonics, but instead may have been a subsidence feature formed in response to removal of large volumes of magma from the lithosphere. A premolar tentatively identified as Proconsul sp. indet. found in the Ngorora Formation near the village of Bartabwa has been dated at {approximately}12.42 Ma, representing perhaps the last known occurrence of this genus in the fossil record.

Deino, A.; Drake, R. (Institute of Human Origins, Berkeley, CA (USA)); Tauxe, L. (Scripps Institute of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA (USA)); Monaghan, M. (Univ. of Chicago, IL (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Education about environmental issues, conservation, and management: a study of form four secondary school pupils' concerns about environmental issues in Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is threefold: first, to develop and administer a questionnaire designed to determine Kenyan students' concerns about environmental issues; second to investigate the primary environmental factors facing the country; and finally, to utilize the findings of the study to develop a conceptual framework for environmental education in Kenya. To develop an environmental education framework for Kenya, baseline data was obtained from a survey of Form IV secondary school students' concerns about environmental issues. A split-half technique was used to establish the reliability of the questionnaire. Factor analysis was used to test the construct validity of the questionnaire and as a data reduction method. This technique resulted in reducing the 81 items developed for the study to eight Factor as follows: (F1) Land use and health stresses; (F2) Community environmental risks; (F3) National environmental problems; (F4) Careless land use practices at community level; (F5) Socioeconomic elements; (F6) Sources of environmental information; (F7) Careless land use at national level; and (F8) Primary population pressures. Results are presented briefly.

Maghenda, W.M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Properties of the 5- state at 839 keV in 176Lu and the s-process branching at A = 176  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The s-process branching at mass number A = 176 depends on the coupling between the high-K ground state and a low-lying low-K isomer in 176Lu. This coupling is based on electromagnetic transitions via intermediate states at higher energies. The properties of the lowest experimentally confirmed intermediate state at 839 keV are reviewed, and the transition rate between low-K and high-K states under stellar conditions is calculated on the basis of new experimental data for the 839 keV state. Properties of further candidates for intermediate states are briefly analyzed. It is found that the coupling between the high-K ground state and the low-K isomer in 176Lu is at least one order of magnitude stronger than previously assumed leading to crucial consequences for the interpretation of the 176Lu/176Hf pair as an s-process thermometer.

P. Mohr; S. Bisterzo; R. Gallino; F. Käppeler; U. Kneissl; N. Winckler

2009-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

293

Hard x-ray (>100 keV) imager to measure hot electron preheat for indirectly driven capsule implosions on the NIF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have fielded a hard x-ray (>100 keV) imager with high aspect ratio pinholes to measure the spatially resolved bremsstrahlung emission from energetic electrons slowing in a plastic ablator shell during indirectly driven implosions at the National Ignition Facility. These electrons are generated in laser plasma interactions and are a source of preheat to the deuterium-tritium fuel. First measurements show that hot electron preheat does not limit obtaining the fuel areal densities required for ignition and burn.

Doeppner, T.; Dewald, E. L.; Divol, L.; Thomas, C. A.; Burns, S.; Celliers, P. M.; Izumi, N.; LaCaille, G.; McNaney, J. M.; Prasad, R. R.; Robey, H. F.; Glenzer, S. H.; Landen, O. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Kline, J. L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Development of a soft x-ray diffractometer for a wideband multilayer grating with a novel layer structure in the 2-4 keV range  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have been developing a wavelength-dispersive soft x-ray spectrograph covering an energy region of 50-4000 eV to attach to a conventional electron microscope. Observation of soft x-ray emission in the 2-4 keV range needs a multilayer coated grating. In order to evaluate the performance of the optical component in the energy region, a goniometric apparatus has been newly developed and the preliminary performance has been tested using synchrotron radiation.

Imazono, Takashi; Koike, Masato; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Koeda, Masaru; Nagano, Tetsuya; Sasai, Hiroyuki; Oue, Yuki; Yonezawa, Zeno; Kuramoto, Satoshi; Terauchi, Masami; Takahashi, Hideyuki; Handa, Nobuo; Murano, Takanori [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 8-1-7 Umemidai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Device Dept., Shimadzu Corp., 1 Nishinokyo-Kuwabara-cho, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto 604-8511 (Japan); IMRAM, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); ECBU, JEOL Ltd., 3-1-2 Musashino, Akishima, Tokyo 196-8558 (Japan)

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

295

X-ray microscopy of laser fusion targets in four energy bands from 0.7 to 4.0 keV  

SciTech Connect

A grazing x-ray microscope was shown to be able to photograph the x-ray emission from laser-produced plasmas between 0.8 and 4.0 keV with a spatial resolution of approximately 3 microns. The calibration of the x-ray mirror energy response functions and the x-ray film allow absolute measurements of the spatial and spectral distribution of the x-ray emission from laser fusion targets. (MOW)

Boyle, M.J.; Seward, F.D.; Harper, T.L.; Koppel, L.N.; Pettipiece, K.J.; Ahlstrom, H.G.

1975-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

Electron collisional detachment processes for a 250 keV D/sup -/ ion beam in a partially ionized hydrogen target  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Neutral atom beams with energies above 200 keV may be required for various purposes in magnetic fusion devices following TFTR, JET and MFTF-B. These beams can be produced much more efficiently by electron detachment from negative ion beams than by electron capture by positive ions. We have investigated the efficiency with which such neutral atoms can be produced by electron detachment in partially ionized hydrogen plasma neutralizers.

Savas, S.E.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

INTEGRAL observations of the cosmic X-ray background in the 5-100 keV range via occultation by the Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the spectrum of the cosmic X-ray background (CXB) in energy range $\\sim$5-100 keV. Early in 2006 the INTEGRAL observatory performed a series of four 30ksec observations with the Earth disk crossing the field of view of the instruments. The modulation of the aperture flux due to occultation of extragalactic objects by the Earth disk was used to obtain the spectrum of the Cosmic X-ray Background(CXB). Various sources of contamination were evaluated, including compact sources, Galactic Ridge emission, CXB reflection by the Earth atmosphere, cosmic ray induced emission by the Earth atmosphere and the Earth auroral emission. The spectrum of the cosmic X-ray background in the energy band 5-100 keV is obtained. The shape of the spectrum is consistent with that obtained previously by the HEAO-1 observatory, while the normalization is $\\sim$10% higher. This difference in normalization can (at least partly) be traced to the different assumptions on the absolute flux from the Crab Nebulae. The increase relative to the earlier adopted value of the absolute flux of the CXB near the energy of maximum luminosity (20-50 keV) has direct implications for the energy release of supermassive black holes in the Universe and their growth at the epoch of the CXB origin.

E. Churazov; R. Sunyaev; M. Revnivtsev; S. Sazonov; S. Molkov; S. Grebenev; C. Winkler; A. Parmar; A. Bazzano; M. Falanga; A. Gros; F. Lebrun; L. Natalucci; P. Ubertini; J. -P. Roques; L. Bouchet; E. Jourdain; J. Knoedlseder; R. Diehl; C. Budtz-Jorgensen; S. Brandt; N. Lund; N. J. Westergaard; A. Neronov; M. Turler; M. Chernyakova; R. Walter; N. Produit; N. Mowlavi; J. M. Mas-Hesse; A. Domingo; N. Gehrels; E. Kuulkers; P. Kretschmar; M. Schmidt

2006-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

298

Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity in Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The notion of"productive use" is often invoked in discussions about whether new technologies improve productivity or otherwise enhance commerce in developing-country contexts. It an elusive concept,especially when quantitative measures are sought. Improved and more energy efficient illumination systems for off-gridapplication--the focus of the Lumina Project--provide a case in which a significant productivity benefit can be imagined, given the importance of light to the successful performance of many tasks, and the very low quality of baseline illumination provided by flame-based source. This Research Note summarizes self-reported quantitative and qualitative impacts of switching to LED lighting technology on the prosperity of night-market business owners and operators. The information was gathered in the context of our 2008 market testing field work in Kenya?s Rift Valley Province, which was performed in the towns of Maai Mahiu and Karagita by Arne Jacobson, Kristen Radecsky, Peter Johnstone, Maina Mumbi, and others. Maai Mahiu is a crossroads town; provision of services to travelers and freight carriers is a primary income source for the residents. In contrast, the primary income for Karagita's residents is from work in the large, factory style flower farms on the eastern shores of Lake Naivasha that specialize in producing cut flowers for export to the European market. According to residents, both towns had populations of 6,000 to 8,000 people in June 2008. We focused on quantifying the economics of fuel-based and LED lighting technology in the context of business use by night market vendors and shop keepers. Our research activities with the business owners and operators included baseline measurement of their fuel-based lighting use, an initial survey, offering for sale data logger equipped rechargeable LED lamps, monitoring the adoption of the LED lamps, and a follow-up survey.

Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan; Mumbi, Maina

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

299

Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity in Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The notion of"productive use" is often invoked in discussions about whether new technologies improve productivity or otherwise enhance commerce in developing-country contexts. It an elusive concept,especially when quantitative measures are sought. Improved and more energy efficient illumination systems for off-gridapplication--the focus of the Lumina Project--provide a case in which a significant productivity benefit can be imagined, given the importance of light to the successful performance of many tasks, and the very low quality of baseline illumination provided by flame-based source. This Research Note summarizes self-reported quantitative and qualitative impacts of switching to LED lighting technology on the prosperity of night-market business owners and operators. The information was gathered in the context of our 2008 market testing field work in Kenya?s Rift Valley Province, which was performed in the towns of Maai Mahiu and Karagita by Arne Jacobson, Kristen Radecsky, Peter Johnstone, Maina Mumbi, and others. Maai Mahiu is a crossroads town; provision of services to travelers and freight carriers is a primary income source for the residents. In contrast, the primary income for Karagita's residents is from work in the large, factory style flower farms on the eastern shores of Lake Naivasha that specialize in producing cut flowers for export to the European market. According to residents, both towns had populations of 6,000 to 8,000 people in June 2008. We focused on quantifying the economics of fuel-based and LED lighting technology in the context of business use by night market vendors and shop keepers. Our research activities with the business owners and operators included baseline measurement of their fuel-based lighting use, an initial survey, offering for sale data logger equipped rechargeable LED lamps, monitoring the adoption of the LED lamps, and a follow-up survey.

Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan; Mumbi, Maina

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

300

Efficient laser-induced 6-8 keV x-ray production from iron oxide aerogel and foil-lined cavity targets  

SciTech Connect

The performance of new iron-based laser-driven x-ray sources has been tested at the OMEGA laser facility for production of x rays in the 6.5-8.5 keV range. Two types of targets were experimentally investigated: low-density iron oxide aerogels (density 6-16 mg/cm{sup 3}) and stainless steel foil-lined cavity targets (steel thickness 1-5 {mu}m). The targets were irradiated by 40 beams of the OMEGA laser (500 J/beam, 1 ns pulse, wavelength 351 nm). All targets showed good coupling with the laser, with <5% of the incident laser light backscattered by the resulting plasma in all cases (typically <2.5%). The aerogel targets produced T{sub e}=2 to 3 keV, n{sub e}=0.12-0.2 critical density plasmas yielding a 40%-60% laser-to-x-ray total conversion efficiency (CE) (1.2%-3% in the Fe K-shell range). The foil cavity targets produced T{sub e}{approx} 2 keV, n{sub e}{approx} 0.15 critical density plasmas yielding a 60%-75% conversion efficiency (1.6%-2.2% in the Fe K-shell range). Time-resolved images illustrate that the volumetric heating of low-density aerogels allow them to emit a higher K-shell x-ray yield even though they contain fewer Fe atoms. However, their challenging fabrication process leads to a larger shot-to-shot variation than cavity targets.

Perez, F.; Kay, J. J.; Patterson, J. R.; Kane, J.; May, M.; Emig, J.; Colvin, J.; Gammon, S.; Satcher, J. H. Jr.; Fournier, K. B. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Villette, B.; Girard, F.; Reverdin, C. [CEA DAM DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); Sorce, C. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); University of Rochester - Laboratory for Laser Energetics, 250 E. River Rd, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Jaquez, J. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A RIAF Interpretation for the Past Higher Activity of the Galactic Center Black Hole and the 511 keV Annihilation Emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are several lines of evidence that the super-massive black hole at the Galactic center had higher activities in the past than directly observed at present. Here I show that these lines of evidence can quantitatively and consistently be explained if the mean accretion rate during the past ~10^7 yrs has been ~10^{3-4} times higher than the current rate, by the picture of radiatively inefficient accretion flow (RIAF) and associated outflow that has been successfully applied to Sgr A*. I argue that this increased rate and its duration are theoretically reasonable in the Galactic center environment, while the accretion rate suddenly dropped about 300 years ago most likely because of the shell passage of the supernova remnant Sgr A East. The chance probability of witnessing Sgr A* in such a low state is not extremely small (~0.5%). The outflow energetics is sufficient to keep the hot (~8 keV) diffuse gas observed in the Galactic center region. Then, I show that a significant amount of positrons should have been created around the event horizon during the higher activity phase, and injected into interstellar medium by the outflow. The predicted positron production rate and propagation distance are close to those required to explain the observed 511 keV annihilation line emission from the Galactic bulge, giving a natural explanation for the large bulge-to-disk ratio of the emission. The expected injection energy into interstellar medium is about 1 MeV, which is also favorable as an explanation of the 511 keV line emission.

Tomonori Totani

2006-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

302

Total electron scattering cross sections of ethane, propane, n-butane, 1,3-butadiene and butylene in the energy range 0.3 to 4.0 keV.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The total electron scattering cross sections of Ethane, Propane, n-Butane, 1,3-Butadiene and Butylene were measured in the energy range 0.3 to 4.0 keV using linear… (more)

Wickramarachchi, Priyangika.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Electron energy spectra of H{sup {minus}} autodetaching states resulting from collisions of H{sup {minus}} with He at 1 keV  

SciTech Connect

Electron energy spectra for H{sup {minus}} autodetaching states resulting from collisions H{sup {minus}} with He at 1 keV are rigorously calculated by including couplings between doubly excited states and continuum states and their interference with direct detachment processes. An energy sampling procedure, based on the Gauss quadratures, is used to discretize continuum states. The present theoretical result, for the first time, clarifies mechanisms of excitation to doubly excited states, quantitatively reproduces the experimental spectra first observed by Risley and Geballe in 1974, separates the contributions from each of three autodetaching states, and identifies the cause of the interference between autodetaching and direct-detaching excitation channels.

Kimura, M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Sato, H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics; Hino, K.; Matsuzawa, M. [Univ. of Electro-Communications, Chofu, Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Applied Physics and Chemistry

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

NuSTAR AND CHANDRA INSIGHT INTO THE NATURE OF THE 3-40 keV NUCLEAR EMISSION IN NGC 253  

SciTech Connect

We present results from three nearly simultaneous Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) and Chandra monitoring observations between 2012 September 2 and 2012 November 16 of the local star-forming galaxy NGC 253. The 3-40 keV intensity of the inner {approx}20 arcsec ({approx}400 pc) nuclear region, as measured by NuSTAR, varied by a factor of {approx}2 across the three monitoring observations. The Chandra data reveal that the nuclear region contains three bright X-ray sources, including a luminous (L{sub 2-10{sub keV}} {approx} few Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 39} erg s{sup -1}) point source located {approx}1 arcsec from the dynamical center of the galaxy (within the 3{sigma} positional uncertainty of the dynamical center); this source drives the overall variability of the nuclear region at energies {approx}>3 keV. We make use of the variability to measure the spectra of this single hard X-ray source when it was in bright states. The spectra are well described by an absorbed (N{sub H} Almost-Equal-To 1.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 23} cm{sup -2}) broken power-law model with spectral slopes and break energies that are typical of ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs), but not active galactic nuclei (AGNs). A previous Chandra observation in 2003 showed a hard X-ray point source of similar luminosity to the 2012 source that was also near the dynamical center ({theta} Almost-Equal-To 0.4 arcsec); however, this source was offset from the 2012 source position by Almost-Equal-To 1 arcsec. We show that the probability of the 2003 and 2012 hard X-ray sources being unrelated is >>99.99% based on the Chandra spatial localizations. Interestingly, the Chandra spectrum of the 2003 source (3-8 keV) is shallower in slope than that of the 2012 hard X-ray source. Its proximity to the dynamical center and harder Chandra spectrum indicate that the 2003 source is a better AGN candidate than any of the sources detected in our 2012 campaign; however, we were unable to rule out a ULX nature for this source. Future NuSTAR and Chandra monitoring would be well equipped to break the degeneracy between the AGN and ULX nature of the 2003 source, if again caught in a high state.

Lehmer, B. D. [Johns Hopkins University, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Wik, D. R.; Hornschemeier, A. E.; Ptak, A.; Leyder, J.-C.; Venters, T.; Zhang, W. W. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Antoniou, V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, 12 Physics Hall, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Argo, M. K. [ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Postbus 2, 7990 AA, Dwingeloo (Netherlands); Bechtol, K. [Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Boggs, S.; Craig, W. W.; Krivonos, R. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Christensen, F. E. [DTU Space-National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Elektrovej 327, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); Hailey, C. J. [Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Harrison, F. A. [Caltech Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Maccarone, T. J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield SO17 IBJ (United Kingdom); Stern, D. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Zezas, A. [Physics Department, University of Crete, Heraklion (Greece)

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

305

Measurement of the 20 and 90 keV Resonances in the {sup 18}O(p,{alpha}){sup 15}N Reaction via the Trojan Horse Method  

SciTech Connect

The {sup 18}O(p,{alpha}){sup 15}N reaction is of primary importance in several astrophysical scenarios, including fluorine nucleosynthesis inside asymptotic giant branch stars as well as oxygen and nitrogen isotopic ratios in meteorite grains. Thus the indirect measurement of the low energy region of the {sup 18}O(p,{alpha}){sup 15}N reaction has been performed to reduce the nuclear uncertainty on theoretical predictions. In particular the strength of the 20 and 90 keV resonances has been deduced and the change in the reaction rate evaluated.

La Cognata, M.; Spitaleri, C.; Cherubini, S.; Crucilla, V.; Gulino, M.; Lamia, L.; Pizzone, R. G.; Puglia, S. M. R.; Rapisarda, G. G.; Romano, S.; Sergi, M. L.; Tumino, A. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and DMFCI Universita di Catania, 95123 Catania (Italy); Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Tribble, R. E.; Banu, A.; Goldberg, V. Z.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L. [Cyclotron Institute, Texas A and M University, College Station, 77843 Texas (United States); Irgaziev, B. [GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi (23640), NWFP Pakistan (Pakistan); Coc, A. [CSNSM, CNRS/IN2P3 Universite Paris Sud, F-91405 Orsay (France)] (and others)

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

306

Measurements of distributions of energy loss and additivity of energy loss for 50 to 150 keV protons in hydrogen and nine hydrogen gases  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Detailed measurements of energy-loss distributions were made for 51, 102 and 153 keV protons traversing hydrogen, methane, ethyne, ethene, ethane, propyne, propadiene, propene, cyclopropane and propane. Less detailed measurements were made at 76.5 and 127.5 keV. To simplify comparison with theory, all of the measurements were made at a gas density that gave a 4% energy loss. The mean energy, second central moment (a measure of the width of the distribution) and the third central moment (a measure of the skew) were calculated from the measured distributions. Stopping power values, calculated using the mean energy, agreed with the predictions of the theory by Bethe. For the second and third central moments, the best agreement between measurement and theory was obtained when the classical scattering probability was used for the calculations; but the agreement was not good. In all cases, variations were found in the data that could be correlated to the type of carbon binding in the molecule.

Thorngate, J.H.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Study of n-? discrimination in low energy range (above 40 keVee) by charge comparison method with a BC501A liquid scintillation detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A VME-based experiment system for n-{\\gamma} discrimination using the charge comparison method was established. A data acquisition program for controlling the programmable modules and processing data online via VME64X bus was developed through the use of LabVIEW. The two-dimensional (2D) scatter plots of the charge in the slow component vs. the total charge of recorded pulses from Am-Be and Cf neutron sources were presented. The 2D scatter plots of the energy vs. the ratio of the charge in the slow component to the total charge of the pulses were presented at the meantime. The quality of n-{\\gamma} discrimination was checked by the figure-of-merit, and the results showed good performance of n-{\\gamma} discrimination at low energy range. Neutrons and {\\gamma}-rays were separated above 50 keVee (electron-equivalent energy). The quality of n-{\\gamma} discrimination have been improved compared with others' results at 5 energies (150, 250, 350, 450, 550 keVee).

Yonghao Chen; Ximeng Chen; Xiaodong Zhang; Jiarong Lei; Li An; Jianxiong Shao; Pu Zheng; Xinhua Wang; Chuanxin Zhu; Tie He; Jian Yang

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

308

Kenya's New Constitution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On 4 August 2010, Kenyans voted to adopt a new constitution, culminating a process that began as part of a resolution to the violent conflict that followed the December 2007 elections. By reducing executive power, devolving ...

Kramon, Eric

309

Sexual Violence in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The true extent of sexual violence in accordance to the WHO definition is unknown, though varied studies highlight its pervasiveness. The WHO multi-country study 1 on women’s health and domestic violence against women, provides the first comparative data across the world and included three African countries: Namibia (the capital), Tanzania (a rural and urban setting) and Ethiopia (a rural setting). According to the WHO multi-country study, between 16 % and 59 % women from Africa had ever experienced sexual violence from intimate partners. Younger women (<15years) were more likely to report force at first sex (between 18 % and 43%). Other studies shows high levels of sexual violence in-country but data is scant. Data from demographic health surveys are Sexual violence: ‘any physical, psychological or sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, unwanted sexual comments or advances against a person’s sexuality using coercion by any person regardless of their relationship with the victim, in any setting, including but not limited to home and work’ (Krug et al, 2002). limited by a general tendency to under-report. No nationally representative data on sexual violence existed until

Agenda For Kenya; Catherine Maternowska; Jill Keesbury; Nduku Kilonzo; Bixby Centre; Global Reproductive Health

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

FARMS IN KENYA by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employerMSU INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PAPERS The Michigan State University (MSU) International Development Paper series is designed to further the comparative analysis of international development activities in Africa, Latin America, Asia, and the Near East. The papers report research findings on historical, as well as contemporary, international development problems. The series includes papers on a wide range of topics, such as alternative rural development strategies; nonfarm employment and small scale industry; housing and construction; farming and marketing systems; food and nutrition policy analysis; economics of rice production in West Africa; technological change, employment, and income distribution; computer techniques for farm and marketing surveys; farming systems and food security research. The papers are aimed at teachers, researchers, policy makers, donor agencies, and international development practitioners. Selected papers will be translated into French, Spanish, or other languages.

Melinda Smale; John Olw; Melinda Smale; John Olw

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

2-20 ns interframe time 2-frame 6.151 keV x-ray imaging on the recently upgraded Z Accelerator: A progress report  

SciTech Connect

When used for the production of an x-ray imaging backlighter source on Sandia National Laboratories' recently upgraded 26 MA Z Accelerator, the terawatt-class, multikilojoule, 526.57 nm Z-Beamlet laser (ZBL) [P. K. Rambo et al., Appl. Opt. 44, 2421 (2005)], in conjunction with the 6.151 keV (1s{sup 2}-1s2p triplet line of He-like Mn) curved-crystal imager [D. B. Sinars et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3672 (2004); G. R. Bennett et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 10E322 (2006)], is capable of providing a high quality x radiograph per Z shot for inertial confinement fusion (ICF), complex hydrodynamics, and other high-energy-density physics experiments. For example, this diagnostic has recently afforded microgram-scale mass perturbation measurements on an imploding ignition-scale 1 mg ICF capsule [G. R. Bennett et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 205003 (2007)], where the perturbation was initiated by a surrogate deuterium-tritium (DT) fuel fill tube. Using an angle-time multiplexing technique, ZBL now has the capability to provide two spatially and temporally separated foci in the Z chamber, allowing 'two-frame' imaging to be performed, with an interframe time range of 2-20 ns. This multiplexing technique allows the full area of the four-pass amplifiers to be used for the two pulses, rather than split the amplifiers effectively into two rectangular sections, with one leg delayed with respect to the other, which would otherwise double the power imposed onto the various optics thereby halving the damage threshold, for the same irradiance on target. The 6.151 keV two frame technique has recently been used to image imploding wire arrays, using a 7.3 ns interframe time. The diagnostic will soon be converted to operate with p-rather than s-polarized laser light for enhanced laser absorption in the Mn foil, plus other changes (e.g., operation at the possibly brighter 6.181 keV Mn 1s{sup 2}-1s2p singlet line), to increase x-ray yields. Also, a highly sensitive inline multiframe ultrafast (1 ns gate time) digital x-ray camera is being developed [G. R. Bennett et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 10E322 (2006)] to extend the system to 'four-frame' and markedly improve the signal-to-noise ratio. [At present, time-integrating Fuji BAS-TR2025 image plate (scanned with a Fuji BAS-5000 device) forms the time-integrated image-plane detector.].

Bennett, G. R.; Smith, I. C.; Shores, J. E.; Sinars, D. B.; Robertson, G.; Atherton, B. W.; Jones, M. C.; Porter, J. L. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1193 (United States)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Solar wind He pickup ions as source of tens-of-keV/n neutral He atoms observed by the HSTOF/SOHO detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. The HSTOF instrument on board SOHO satellite measures since 1996, during periods of low solar activity, weak fluxes of He atoms of 28-58 keV/n (helium energetic neutral atoms - He ENA). The probable source region is the inner heliosheath. Aims. Understand the emission mechanism of He ENA based on knowledge of heliosheath spatial extent and plasma content resulting from Voyager 1 & 2 measurements in the period posterior to termination shock crossings. Methods. He ENA are generated by charge-exchange neutralization of energetic helium ions on interstellar neutral H and He. Energy spectra of helium ions in the heliosheath are calculated by following the evolution of their velocity distribution functions when carried by, and undergoing binary interactions with, plasma constituents of a background flow whose particle populations are modeled to approximately render post-termination shock Voyager data. Results. The observed HSTOF He ENA form a higher energy part of general heliospheric He ENA fluxes and...

Grzedzielski, S; Czechowski, A; Hilchenbach, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Bragg diffraction using a 100 ps 17.5 keV x-ray backlighter and the Bragg diffraction imager  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new diagnostic for measuring Bragg diffraction of petawatt-generated high-energy x rays off a laser-compressed crystal was designed and tested successfully at the Omega EP laser facility on static Mo and Ta (111) oriented single crystal samples using a 17.5 keV Mo K{alpha} backlighter. The Bragg diffraction imager consists of a heavily shielded enclosure and a precisely positioned beam block attached to the enclosure by an aluminum arm. Fuji image plates are used as the x-ray detectors. The diffraction from Mo and Ta (222) crystal planes was clearly detected with a high signal-to-noise. This technique will be applied to shock- and quasi-isentropically loaded single crystals on the Omega EP laser.

Maddox, B. R.; Park, H.-S.; Hawreliak, J.; Elsholz, A.; Van Maren, R.; Remington, B. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Comley, A. [AWE, Reading, Berkshire RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); Wark, J. S. [Department of Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Search for 14.4-KeV Solar Axions Emitted in the M1-Transition of Fe-57 Nuclei with CAST  

SciTech Connect

We have searched for 14.4 keV solar axions or more general axion-like particles (ALPs), that may be emitted in the M1 nuclear transition of 57Fe, by using the axion-to-photon conversion in the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) with evacuated magnet bores (Phase I). From the absence of excess of the monoenergetic X-rays when the magnet was pointing to the Sun, we set model-independent constraints on the coupling constants of pseudoscalar particles that couple to two photons and to a nucleon g{sub ay}|-1.19g{sub aN}{sup 0}+g{sub aN}{sup 3}| < 1.36 x 10{sup -16} GeV{sup -1} for ma < 0.03 eV at the 95% confidence level.

Andriamonje, S.; Aune, S.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Autiero, D.; /CERN /Lyon, IPN; Barth, K.; /CERN; Belov, A.; /Moscow, INR; Beltran, B.; /Zaragoza U. /Queen's U., Kingston; Brauninger, H.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Carmona, J.M.; Cebrian, S.; /Zaragoza U.; Collar, J.I.; /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP; Dafni, T.; /DAPNIA, Saclay /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Zaragoza U.; Davenport, M.; /CERN; Di Lella, L.; /CERN /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore; Eleftheriadis, C.; /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki; Englhauser, J.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Fanourakis, G.; /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr.; Ferrer-Ribas, E.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Fischer, H.; Franz, J.; /Freiburg U.; Friedrich, P.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Geralis, T.; /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Moscow, INR /Zaragoza U. /British Columbia U. /Freiburg U. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Zaragoza U. /Frankfurt U. /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Freiburg U. /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /CERN /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Zaragoza U. /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC /Zaragoza U. /CERN /DAPNIA, Saclay /CERN /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Zaragoza U. /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki /Patras U. /Brookhaven /CERN /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /CERN /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP /Zaragoza U. /Freiburg U. /CERN /CERN /Patras U.

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

315

Calibration of X-ray detectors in the 8 to 115 keV energy range and their application to diagnostics on the National Ignition Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The calibration of X-ray diagnostics is of paramount importance to the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). National Security Technologies LLC (NSTec) fills this need by providing a wide variety of calibration and diagnostic development services in support of the ongoing research efforts at NIF. The X-ray source in the High Energy X-ray lab utilizes induced fluorescence in a variety of metal foils to produce a beam of characteristic X rays ranging from 8 to 111 keV. Presented are the methods used for calibrating a High Purity Germanium detector, which has been absolutely calibrated using radioactive check sources, compared against a silicon photodiode calibrated at Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). Also included is a limited presentation of results from the recent calibration of the upgraded Filter Fluorescer X ray Spectrometer.

J. J. Lee, M. J. Haugh, G. LaCaille, and P. Torres

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Characteristics of STP Pre-2004 Archived KE Basin Sludge Samples Before and After Re-Jarring in the RPL - April 2012  

SciTech Connect

This report describes results of work performed in the Shielded Analytical Laboratory (SAL) at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s (PNNL) Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) with archive K East (KE) Basin sludge samples obtained before the year 2004, with some of them composited and initially characterized five years ago (Delegard et al. 2011). The previously performed testing included the physical properties determinations for selected samples (settled and particle densities, water and solids concentrations), the pH, as well as identification of crystalline phases by X-ray diffractometry (XRD) for selected samples. Another objective of the previous characterization and testing campaign was to transfer some sludge composites and individual samples into new storage containers to overcome the embrittlement effect which develops in original glass containers as a result of extended exposure to high radiation fields and which increases probability of sample loss.

Sinkov, Sergey I.; Delegard, Calvin H.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Chenault, Jeffrey W.

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

317

A multilayer grating with a novel layer structure for a flat-field spectrograph attached to transmission electron microscopes in energy region of 2-4 keV  

SciTech Connect

A multilayer mirror with a novel layer structure to uniformly enhance the reflectivity in a few keV energy range at a fixed angle of incidence is invented and applied to a multilayer grating for use in a flat-field spectrograph attached to a conventional electron microscope. The diffraction efficiency of the fabricated multilayer grating having the new layer structure is evaluated at the angle of incidence of 88.65 deg. in the energy region of 2.1-4.0 keV. It is shown that the multilayer grating is effective to uniformly enhance the diffraction efficiency and able to be practically used in this energy region.

Imazono, T.; Koike, M.; Koeda, M.; Nagano, T.; Sasai, H.; Oue, Y.; Yonezawa, Z.; Kuramoto, S.; Terauchi, M.; Takahashi, H.; Handa, N.; Murano, T. [QuBS, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), 8-1-7 Umemidai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Device Dept., Shimadzu Corp., 1 Nishinokyo-Kuwabarcho, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto 604-8511 (Japan); IMRAM, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); EC Business Unit, JEOL Ltd., 3-1-2 Musashino, Akishima, Tokyo 196-8558 (Japan)

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

318

sup2ke.PDF  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

60. Electric Power Projections for EMM Region (1 of 3) 60. Electric Power Projections for EMM Region (1 of 3) 01 - East Central Area Reliability Coordination Agreement 1998- 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 Electricity Generating Capacity 1/ (gigawatts) Coal Steam 83.61 83.61 83.61 83.61 82.87 82.06 81.50 81.28 80.39 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 79.87 -0.2% Other Fossil Steam 2/ 3.56 3.56 3.70 3.70 3.70 3.70 3.70 3.70 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 3.53 0.0% Combined Cycle 0.34 0.34 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.53 1.53 2.67 3.42 3.80 4.16 4.37 4.64 5.10 5.86 6.91 7.90 9.42 10.22 16.8% Combustion Turbine/Diesel 9.05 9.63 10.11 11.87 14.09 14.44 17.63 18.24 20.89 23.04 25.09 25.83 27.75 27.96 28.63 29.05 29.56 30.80 32.38 34.33

319

Bragg diffraction using a 100ps 17.5 keV x-ray backlighter and the Bragg Diffraction Imager  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new diagnostic for measuring Bragg diffraction from a laser-driven crystal using a 100ps 17.5 kV x-ray backlighter source is designed and tested successfully at the Omega EP laser facility on static Mo and Ta single crystal samples using a Mo Ka backlighter. The Bragg Diffraction Imager (BDI) consists of a heavily shielded enclosure and a precisely positioned beam block, attached to the main enclosure by an Aluminum arm. Image plate is used as the x-ray detector. The diffraction lines from Mo and Ta planes are clearly detected with a high signal-to-noise using the 17.5 keV and 19.6 keV characteristic lines generated by a petawatt-driven Mo foil. This technique will be applied to shock and ramp-loaded single crystals on the Omega EP laser. Pulsed x-ray diffraction of shock- and ramp-compressed materials is an exciting new technique that can give insight into the dynamic behavior of materials at ultra-high pressure not achievable by any other means to date. X-ray diffraction can be used to determine not only the phase and compression of the lattice at high pressure, but by probing the lattice compression on a timescale equal to the 3D relaxation time of the material, information about dislocation mechanics, including dislocation multiplication rate and velocity, can also be derived. Both Bragg, or reflection, and Laue, or transmission, diffraction have been developed for shock-loaded low-Z crystalline structures such as Cu, Fe, and Si using nano-second scale low-energy implosion and He-{alpha} x-ray backlighters. However, higher-Z materials require higher x-ray probe energies to penetrate the samples, such as in Laue, or probe deep enough into the target, as in the case of Bragg diffraction. Petawatt laser-generated K{alpha} x-ray backlighters have been developed for use in high-energy radiography of dense targets and other HED applications requiring picosecond-scale burst of hard x-rays. While short pulse lasers are very efficient at producing high-energy x-rays, the characteristic x-rays produced in these thin foil targets are superimposed on a broad bremsstrahlung background and can easily saturate a detector if careful diagnostic shielding and experimental geometry are not implemented. A new diagnostic has been designed to measure Bragg diffraction from laser-driven crystal targets using characteristic x-rays from a short-pulse laser backlighter on the Omega EP laser. The Bragg Diffraction Imager, or BDI, is a TIM-mounted instrument consisting of a heavily shielded enclosure made from 3/8-inch thick Heavymet (W-Fe-Ni alloy) and a precisely positioned beam bock, attached to the main enclosure by an Aluminum arm. The beam block is made of 1-inch thick, Al-coated Heavymet and serves to block the x-rays directly from the petawatt backlight, while allowing the diffraction x-rays from the crystal to pass to the enclosure. A schematic of the BDI is shown in Fig. 1a. Image plates are used as the x-ray detector and are loaded through the top of the diagnostic in an Aluminum, light-tight cartridge. The front of the enclosure can be fitted with various filters to maximize the diffraction signal-to-noise.

Maddox, B R; Park, H; Hawreliak, J; Comley, A; Elsholz, A; Van Maren, R; Remington, B A; Wark, J

2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

320

Discovery of Water Maser Emission in Five AGN and a Possible Correlation Between Water Maser and Nuclear 2-10 keV Luminosities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the discovery of water maser emission in five active galactic nuclei (AGN) with the 100-m Green Bank Telescope (GBT). The positions of the newly discovered masers, measured with the VLA, are consistent with the optical positions of the host nuclei to within 1 sigma (0.3 arcsec radio and 1.3 arcsec optical) and most likely mark the locations of the embedded central engines. The spectra of three sources, 2MASX J08362280+3327383, NGC 6264, and UGC 09618 NED02, display the characteristic spectral signature of emission from an edge-on accretion disk with maximum orbital velocity of ~700, ~800, and ~1300 km s^-1, respectively. We also present a GBT spectrum of a previously known source MRK 0034 and interpret the narrow Doppler components reported here as indirect evidence that the emission originates in an edge-on accretion disk with orbital velocity of ~500 km s^-1. We obtained a detection rate of 12 percent (5 out of 41) among Seyfert 2 and LINER systems with 10000 km s^-1 water masers with available hard X-ray data, we report a possible relationship between unabsorbed X-ray luminosity (2-10 keV) and total isotropic water maser luminosity, L_{2-10} proportional to L_{H2O}^{0.5+-0.1}, consistent with the model proposed by Neufeld and Maloney in which X-ray irradiation and heating of molecular accretion disk gas by the central engine excites the maser emission.

Paul T. Kondratko; Lincoln J. Greenhill; James M. Moran

2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Cross calibration of AGFA-D7 x-ray film against direct exposure film from 2 to 8.5 keV using laser generated x-rays  

SciTech Connect

Direct exposure film (DEF) is being discontinued. DEF film has been the workhorse in inertial confinement fusion (ICF) research and is used to record x-ray images and spectra. A previous search for a replacement [K. M. Chandler et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 113111 (2005)] did not consider AGFA film. We present comparisons using the results of measurements using AGFA-D7 film, XAR, TMG, and Biomax-MS films in the same spectrometer recording a gold spectrum in the 2-4 keV range and the iron spectrum in the 5-8.5 keV range. AGFA film was found to have some unique properties useful in x-ray spectroscopy and imaging, especially when signal strength is not a concern.

Kyrala, George A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Tables and graphs of photon-interaction cross sections from 0. 1 keV to 100 MeV derived from the LLL Evaluated-Nuclear-Data Library  

SciTech Connect

Energy-dependent evaluated photon interaction cross sections and related parameters are presented for elements H through Cf (Z = 1 to 98). Data are given over the energy range from 0.1 keV to 100 MeV. The related parameters include form factors and average energy deposits per collision (with and without fluorescence). Fluorescence information is given for all atomic shells that can emit a photon with a kinetic energy of 0.1 keV or more. In addition, the following macroscopic properties are given: total mean free path and energy deposit per centimeter. This information is derived from the Livermore Evaluated-Nuclear-Data Library (ENDL) as of October 1978

Plechaty, E.F.; Cullen, D.E.; Howerton, R.J.

1978-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

323

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 31 -February 2, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University AT OLKARIA I, KENYA Cornel O. Ofwona Geothermal Development Company Ltd., P. O. Box 100746 - 00101 Nairobi, Kenya e-mail: cofwona@gdc.co.ke ABSTRACT Exploitation of Olkaria geothermal field started in 1981 when

Stanford University

324

High-brightness, high-spatial-resolution, 6.151 keV x-ray imaging of inertial confinement fusion capsule implosion and complex hydrodynamics experiments on Sandia's Z accelerator (invited)  

SciTech Connect

When used for the production of an x-ray imaging backlighter source on Sandia National Laboratories' 20 MA, 100 ns rise-time Z accelerator [M. K. Matzen et al., Phys. Plasmas 12, 055503 (2005)], the terawatt-class, multikilojoule, 526.57 nm Z-Beamlet laser (ZBL) [P. K. Rambo et al., Appl. Opt. 44, 2421 (2005)], in conjunction with the 6.151 keV, Mn-He{sub {alpha}} curved-crystal imager [D. B. Sinars et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3672 (2004)], is capable of providing a high quality x radiograph per Z shot for various high-energy-density physics experiments. Enhancements to this imaging system during 2005 have led to the capture of inertial confinement fusion capsule implosion and complex hydrodynamics images of significantly higher quality. The three main improvements, all leading effectively to enhanced image plane brightness, were bringing the source inside the Rowland circle to approximately double the collection solid angle, replacing direct exposure film with Fuji BAS-TR2025 image plate (read with a Fuji BAS-5000 scanner), and generating a 0.3-0.6 ns, {approx}200 J prepulse 2 ns before the 1.0 ns, {approx}1 kJ main pulse to more than double the 6.151 keV flux produced compared with a single 1 kJ pulse. It appears that the 20{+-}5 {mu}m imaging resolution is limited by the 25 {mu}m scanning resolution of the BAS-5000 unit, and to this end, a higher resolution scanner will replace it. ZBL is presently undergoing modifications to provide two temporally separated images ('two-frame') per Z shot for this system before the accelerator closes down in summer 2006 for the Z-refurbished (ZR) upgrade. In 2008, after ZR, it is anticipated that the high-energy petawatt (HEPW) addition to ZBL will be completed, possibly allowing high-energy 11.2224 and 15.7751 keV K{alpha}{sub 1} curved-crystal imaging to be performed. With an ongoing several-year project to develop a highly sensitive multiframe ultrafast digital x-ray camera (MUDXC), it is expected that two-frame HEPW 11 and 16 keV imaging and four-frame ZBL 6.151 keV curved-crystal imaging will be possible. MUDXC will be based on the technology of highly cooled silicon and germanium photodiode arrays and ultrafast, radiation-hardened integrated circuitry.

Bennett, G. R.; Sinars, D. B.; Wenger, D. F.; Cuneo, M. E.; Adams, R. G.; Barnard, W. J.; Beutler, D. E.; Burr, R. A.; Campbell, D. V.; Claus, L. D.; Foresi, J. S.; Johnson, D. W.; Keller, K. L.; Lackey, C.; Leifeste, G. T.; McPherson, L. A.; Mulville, T. D.; Neely, K. A.; Rambo, P. K.; Rovang, D. C. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1106 (United States)] (and others)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

PU Kenya KE Lesotho LT Liberia LI Libya LY Madagascar MA Malawi MI Mali ML Mauritania MR Mauritius MP Morocco MO Mozambique MZ Namibia WA Niger NG Nigeria NI Reunion ...

326

The Political Economy of Kenya’s Crisis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article maybe used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material. Journal of Eastern African Studies

Registered Engl; Wales Registered Number; Susanne D. Mueller A; Susanne D. Mueller

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit for Ghana from NREL  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected...

328

Evaluation of Money Laundering Regulations in Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to identify and appraise within the Ghanaian environment the level of regulations in combat of money laundering and… (more)

Tontoh, Francis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Efficient and Renewable Energy Programs in Ghana  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

These collaborative projects complement the Institute's own efforts in the areas of biogas, biodiesel, and small-scale wind power demonstration. In the next year, we plan on...

330

Siphon filter assessment for Northern Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The siphon filter is a household water filter developed by the Basic Water Needs Foundation based on the design of ceramic candle filters. The siphon filter is marketed under brand names CrystalPur and Tulip and is sold ...

Ziff, Sara Elizabeth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Export.gov - Ghana - Trade Leads  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

operations and in commercialresidential property development. Price and financing terms are key considerations for buyers due to the low accesshigh cost of local credit....

332

Circulation Mechanisms of Kenya Rainfall Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Expanding earlier studies on the boreal spring and autumn rainy seasons in equatorial East Africa, pending challenges on the mechanisms of rainfall variability, are investigated. Eastward pressure gradient and slack south Indian Ocean trade winds ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Dierk Polzin; Charles Mutai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Name Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Co-benefits assessment, Finance Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials Website http://www.forestcarbonpartner Country Argentina, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of Congo, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Indonesia, Kenya, Laos, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Republic of the Congo, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam

334

UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning Country Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa, Ukraine

335

National Action Programmes on Desertification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programmes on Desertification Programmes on Desertification Jump to: navigation, search Name National Action Programmes on Desertification Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.unccd.int/actionpro Country Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

336

Prefabricated housing, a solution for Ghana's housing shortage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sub-Saharan Africa has been experiencing phenomenal population growth since the beginning of the 20th Century, following several centuries of population stagnation attributable to the slave trade and colonization. The ...

Essienyi, Evans K. (Evans Kofi)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Forecasting the Demand of Woodfuels in Ghana - The Process Analysis...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

conducted to cover various categories of households to determine their basic energy demand for cooking, which is used to make more reliable projections in the future demand of...

338

Ghana - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and electricity.

339

Microsoft Word - GhanaFridgeEff20060227.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

concerning the generation and sale of energy are known. These include: Current prices for electricity paid by residential consumers (according to prevailing tariff structures);...

340

The Ghana Refrigerator Efficiency Initiative - An Overview of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

refrigeration services the most expensive of energy services in residential Ghanaian households, posing serious financial burden on households. --The problem that this project...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Forecasting and Policy Analysis of Woodfuels Use in Ghana  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fuels and electricity), it has not been possible to compile historical data on consumption of woodfuels, and no reliable forecasting technique exists to enhance a...

342

Ghana - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... nuclear reactors, ... and distributing petroleum revenue and mandates a certain percentage to help fund the national budget.

343

Ghana-REEEP Energy Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REEEP Energy Activities AgencyCompany Organization Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics...

344

Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

both domestically and internationally. Analysis of agricultural performance focused on trends in output, factor use, and productivity. Analysis of agricultural policy featured...

345

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Ghana from NREL ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems...

346

Beyond Elmina: The Slave Trade in Northern Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prefcrs to embed it as they havc? AGAMBA References Agmnba,those of Nalerigu and Ulo havc been rcduccd to stumps oflibation at the slavc grounds havc slave ancestry or not.

Agamba, Joachim Jack

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Ghana-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy, Solar Topics Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Maps, Softwaremodeling tools Website http:www.dlr.dettdesktopde Program Start 2001...

348

Ghana - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What is shale gas and why is it important? ... OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet; World Oil Transit Chokepoints; Country Analysis Note. After discovering the Jubilee oil field ...

349

Microsoft PowerPoint - KE EIA21.ppt  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Copyright: Copyright: SIPC LNG: Demand opportunities and supply challenges Kathleen Eisbrenner Executive Vice-President, Global LNG Shell Gas & Power EIA 2008 Energy Conference Washington D.C., 7 th April 2008 The energy challenge * Population growth * Economic growth * More affluent society * End of 'easy oil' * Resource nationalism * More unconventionals * Hydrocarbons remain dominant * CO2 consequences 1. RISING DEMAND 2. SECURITY OF SUPPLY 3. ENVIRONMENT & SOCIETY Major economies are climbing the energy ladder The growing role of LNG 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 2000 2006 2010 2020 TCF Indigenous & Pipeline Imports LNG % increase over 2000 344% 53% Sources: BP Statistical Review 2007, CERA 2006, EIA 2006 Global market developments Shell analysis TODAY 2012 29 2012 LNG importers # Countries 70.6% 17

350

DEVELOPMENT OF 120 keV NEUTRAL BEAM INJECTORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat load and the heat capacity of the grids determine thepulse. To measure the heat load to the grids we fabricated •lines; the average heat load to each grid could thus be

Berkner, K.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Alternative splicing of the Anopheles gambiae Dscam gene in diverse Plasmodium falciparum infections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

near the Kenya Medical Research Institute in Kisumu [37],review boards of the Kenya Medical Research Institute, KenyaControl Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Mumias

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

African Studies, Titles Purchased on Subject Fund, FY2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? : effects of liberalisation in Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya : EcoNews Africa : International Development Research

Peterson, Blake R.

353

Towards livelihoods security : livelihoods opportunities and challenges in Embui, Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Given the livelihoods challenges which face many rural communities, understanding a community’s livelihoods dynamics and opportunities is one major step to developing workable options to… (more)

Mwasaa, Walter Mbele

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

A dynamic model of industrial energy demand in Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyses the effects of input price movements, technology changes, capacity utilization and dynamic mechanisms on energy demand structures in the Kenyan industry. This is done with the help of a variant of the second generation dynamic factor demand (econometric) model. This interrelated disequilibrium dynamic input demand econometric model is based on a long-term cost function representing production function possibilities and takes into account the asymmetry between variable inputs (electricity, other-fuels and Tabour) and quasi-fixed input (capital) by imposing restrictions on the adjustment process. Variations in capacity utilization and slow substitution process invoked by the relative input price movement justifies the nature of input demand disequilibrium. The model is estimated on two ISIS digit Kenyan industry time series data (1961 - 1988) using the Iterative Zellner generalized least square method. 31 refs., 8 tabs.

Haji, S.H.H. [Gothenburg Univ. (Sweden)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

355

Linking information systems for HIV care and research in Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The provision of HIV care in developing countries may involve complex and overlapping resources; including government-run facilities non-governmental organization (NGO) or international non-governmental organization (INGO) supported services and research ... Keywords: data integration, data standards, electronic medical records, hiv, interoperability, ontologies, open source software

Alicia F. Guidry; Judd L. Walson; Neil F. Abernethy

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bound up in steel, paper, and other energy intensive goods.and residential energy use in the paper by McGranahan 1 eton energy use and the economy can be found in the paper by

Schipper, Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the contribution of hydro power at its direct thermalpowerplants for power, as is often done. hydro~ LBL~l0538~

Schipper, Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and commercial uses" of oil products as given by the 1978does not tell which kinds of oils were used for which ties.other I Incl. 200El 01450-oil Thermal Elec. 350 Coal Other I

Schipper, Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Slum upgrading in India and Kenya: investigating the sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and red-herring vendors in the front parlours, cobblers in the back; a bird-fancier in the first floor, three families on the second, starvation in the attics, Irishmen in the passage, a ‘musician’ in the front kitchen, a charwoman and five hungry...

Cronin, Victoria Louise Molly

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

360

Kenya - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Consumption & Efficiency. Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, ... in 2010, of which 5.2 billion KWh derived from renewable sources (hydro, geothermal, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

BBSLA – Kenya (032310) English (Global Version 031910) 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... discharge, fire, flood, lightning, water or wind, correction of ... limitation, GPS information, carrier ID, tower ID and ... of visible WiFi or cell towers) may be ...

362

ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for pumping a given quantity of oil. Moreover, the presenceThat is 1 significant quantities of the oil imported by many

Schipper, Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Kenya from NREL ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems...

364

ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plants, at what energy intensity? hotel in a given year? toenergy use for key kinds of buildings; major tals. hotels~

Schipper, Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

LEDSGP/about/African Climate and Development Society | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

African Climate and Development Society African Climate and Development Society < LEDSGP‎ | about(Redirected from African Climate and Development Society) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us About How We Work > Regional Platforms > Working Groups LEDS GP Members Steering Committee Guiding Structure Contacts African Climate Development Society A LEDS GP Regional Network Lead organizations: Africa Climate Policy Centre (ACPC), Kenya Ministry of State for Planning, National Development and Vision 2030 Member organizations: Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), Energy Center of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology of Ghana, European Commission, Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI),

366

The Bui Dam impact on Ghana-China relations : transparency, accountability and development outcomes from China's Sino Hydro Dam Project in Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current Afro-Chinese relations on development projects in Sub Saharan Africa has come under a lot of scrutiny, with some experts in the South-to-South relationship discourse claiming the above short-gun-marriage will ...

Habia, James K

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Ghana Community Information Centers (CiCs) e-Governance Success or Mirage?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following the initial implementation of Information and Communication Technologies for development (ICT4D) projects in rural Africa, many did not yield the anticipated outcomes, and interest has been waning. People then began talking about "sustainable ...

Johanna Ekua Awowi

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Barriers facing disables in getting jobs in Ghana : quality of life situation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Abstract Discrimination against persons with disabilities the world over in the realm of employment has been a real problem especially in developing countries such as… (more)

Ntibea, Juliana

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Evaluation of Drug Management of Essential Hypertension in the University of Cape Coast Hospital, Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hypertension and hypertension-related admissions, complications and death showed an increasing incidence and increasing rate respectively between 2004 and 2006 in the University of Cape Coast… (more)

Kizzie-Hayford Arimathea, Joseph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Research in Ghanaian public universities : perceptions and experiences of academic staff at the University of Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the advent of the knowledge economies, research is recognised as a catalyst for accelerated national growth. Many countries are therefore investing hugely in university… (more)

Gyan, George

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

A Strategic Overview of the Forest Sector in Ghana Odoom Domson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

geothermal, 52 hydroelectric, 3 photovoltaic and 4 wind power plants, making up 408 MW out of Alaska's 2. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America Program://www.eere.energy.gov/windpoweringameri ca/pdfs/workshops/2002_wind_diesel/alaska.pdf Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (NREL), Renewables

372

Effects of computer-assisted instruction on performance of senior high school biology students in Ghana  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated the comparative efficiency of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) and conventional teaching method in biology on senior high school students. A science class was selected in each of two randomly selected schools. The pretest-posttest ... Keywords: Achievement, Cell cycle, Computer-assisted instruction, Conventional approach, ICT and senior high school

K. A. Owusu; K. A. Monney; J. Y. Appiah; E. M. Wilmot

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy policy formulation and change within relevant governmentenergy policy formulation and change within relevant government

Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. household electricity consumption of 10,656 kWh/year/electricity consumption of slightly less than 1000 kWh/year/year. Furthermore we used a sample distribution of monthly household electricity consumption

Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Efficacy of gravity-fed chlorination system for community-scale water disinfection in northern Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although chlorine is one of the lowest cost ways of providing disinfection, currently billions of people lack drinking water that has had this simple treatment. Arch Chemical's Pulsar 1 unit is an innovation in chlorine ...

Fitzpatrick, Daniel Cash

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Monitoring effective use of household water treatment and safe storage technologies in Ethiopia and Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Household water treatment and storage (HWTS) technologies dissemination is beginning to scale-up to reach the almost 900 million people without access to an improved water supply (WHO/UNICEF/JMP, 2008). Without well-informed ...

Stevenson, Matthew M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

SPONSORED PROJECTS 1. Pending: "Feasibility Studies and Training to Support Landfill Gas Recovery in Ghana"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPONSORED PROJECTS 1. Pending: "Feasibility Studies and Training to Support Landfill Gas Recovery: PI. 4. "An Improved Model to Predict Gas Generation from Landfills based on Waste Composition-2015, Role: Co-PI. 3. "Field Measurement of Emissions from Natural Gas Drilling, Production, and Distribution

Texas at Arlington, University of

378

Developing effective chronic disease interventions in Africa: insights from Ghana and Cameroon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.8 61.3 11 18 Physical Activity (insufficient in last 7 days) 7.8 13.2 - - Fruit and Vegetable Intake (insufficient intake) 39.6 38.2 - - Overweight prevalence (women) - 17.2 - 20.6 Obesity prevalence (women) 8.1 8.2 Sources: *IDF, 2003, cited by Mbanya... ) the majority of programme recipients remembered key aspects of the nutrition and healthy lifestyles messages; (2) the easiest lifestyles to adopt were drinking more water and eating more fruits and vegetables, a challeng- ing lifestyle was increasing physical...

de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Boynton, Petra; Atanga, Lem L

2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

379

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Guidebood for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting, 2ndCollaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (the Potential Impact of Appliance Performance Standards in

Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

A survey of energy loss calculations for heavy ions between 1 and 100 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The original Lindhard-Scharff-Schiøtt (LSS) theory and the more recent Tilinin theory for calculating the nuclear and electronic stopping powers of slow heavy ions are compared with predictions from the SRIM code by Ziegler. While little discrepancies are present for the nuclear contribution to the energy loss, large differences are found in the electronic one. When full ion recoil cascade simulations are tested against the elastic neutron scattering data available in the literature, it can be concluded that the LSS theory is the more accurate.

J. Pinto Da Cunha A; P. Sona D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Measurements of scattering processes in negative ion-atom collisions. [3 to 50 keV  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Technical Progress Report describes the progress made on the research objectives during the past twelve months. This research project is designed to provide measurements of various scattering processes which occur in H[sup [minus

Kvale, T.J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

KeV Ion Beam Induced Surface Modification of SiC Hydrogen Sensor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Silicon carbide, a wide-bandgap semiconductor, is currently used to fabricate an efficient high temperature hydrogen sensor. When a palladium coating is applied on the exposed surface of silicon carbide, the chemical reaction between palladium and hydrogen produces a detectable change in the surface chemical potential. Rather than applying a palladium film, we have implanted palladium ions into the silicon face of 6H, n-type Sic samples. The implantation energies and fluences, as well as the results obtained by monitoring the current through the sample in the presence of hydrogen are included in this paper.

Muntele, C.I.; Ila, D.; Williams, E.K.; Poker, D.B.; Hensley, D.K.

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

383

Application of the ``Ke'' model to open channel flows in a magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.C. Wilcox, in: Turbulence Modeling for CFD, second ed., DCW Industries, 1998, p. 540. [14] O. Widlund, S

Abdou, Mohamed

384

SPiKE: engineering malware analysis tools using unobtrusive binary-instrumentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Malware -- a generic term that encompasses viruses, trojans, spywares and other intrusive code -- is widespread today. Malware analysis is a multi-step process providing insight into malware structure and functionality, facilitating the development of ... Keywords: instrumentation, malware, security

Amit Vasudevan; Ramesh Yerraballi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Supernova explosions, 511 keV photons, gamma ray bursts and mirror matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are three astroparticle physics puzzles which fire the imagination: the origin of the ``Great Positron Producer'' in the galactic bulge, the nature of the gamma-ray bursts central engine and the mechanism of supernova explosions. We show that the mirror matter model has the potential to solve all three of these puzzles in one beautifully simple strike.

R. Foot; Z. K. Silagadze

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

386

An analysis of the performance of Ghanaian canned tuna export to EU market (1999-2009) .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The tuna fishery is an important sector in Ghana. In 2009, total landing of tuna in Ghana represented about 24% of total catches in the… (more)

Mensah, Isaac

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Essel Ben Hagan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of proven industrial technologies to support Ghana's industrial sector, particularly small and medium-scale enterprises. Dr. Hagan is also the President of Ghana Institution...

388

HALON ISSUES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (505) 272 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Brazil Chile Egypt Ghana Jordan Malawi Mexico Phillipines Thailand Tunisia UWWY Zambia ... inventory), Turkey Thailand, ...

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

389

On self-help in a site and services project in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concept of self-help in a site and services project is based on the assumption that given the security of land tenureship_, an owner-builder can manage the whole process of house implementation. Generally, in any ...

Soni, Praful Naran

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Application of Weather Forecasts in Agriculture: Communicating Agro meteorological Information to Smallholder Irrigation Farmers in Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Food insecurity among smallholder farmers has been a result of the inability of households to produce all its food requirements due to lack of access to productive resources and unfavourable production environment among other factors. Smallholder farmers ...

Willard Zendera; Gilbert O. Obwoyere; Elias K. Maranga

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Nudging Farmers to Use Fertilizer: Theory and Experimental Evidence from Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We model farmers as facing small fixed costs of purchasing fertilizer and assume some are stochastically present biased and not fully sophisticated about this bias. Such farmers may procrastinate, postponing fertilizer ...

Duflo, Esther

392

Geological control on the reservoir characteristics of Olkaria West Geothermal Field, Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The reservoir of the West Olkaria Geothermal Field is hosted within tuffs and the reservoir fluid is characterized by higher concentrations of reservoir CO{sub 2} (10,000-100,000 mg/kg) but lower chloride concentrations of about 200 mg/kg than the East and North East Fields. The West Field is in the outflow and main recharge area of the Olkaria geothermal system. Permeability is generally low in the West Field and its distribution is strongly controlled by the structures. Fault zones show higher permeability with wells drilled within the structures havin larger total mass outputs. However, N-S and NW-SE faults are mainly channels for cold water downflow into the reservoir. Well feeder zones occur mostly at lava-tuff contacts; within fractured lava flows and at the contacts of intrusives and host rocks.

Omenda, Peter A.

1994-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

393

Physical inactivity among adolescents with physical disabilities attending high schools in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Physical inactivity together with overweight and obesity has emerged as a major health risk factor for chronic disease of lifestyle as coronary heart disease,… (more)

Matheri, Joseph Mwangi.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To the extent that students benefit from high-achieving peers, tracking will help strong students and hurt weak ones. However, all students may benefit if tracking allows teachers to better tailor their instruction level. ...

Duflo, Esther

395

Patient satisfaction with physiotherapy services for low back pain at selected hospitals in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Patient satisfaction is one of the indicators of the quality of care being given to the users of a service. It can also be used… (more)

Kamau, Peter Waweru

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Predisposing factors of chronic low back pain (CLBP) among sedentary office workers (SOW) in Nairobi, Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chronic low back pain is a highly prevalent condition in industrialized nations. It is associated with activity limitations, disability, has significant economic impact on society… (more)

Mukandoli, Kumuntu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Factors contributing to academic performance of students in a private university in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study aimed at identifying the models that best explain the student-related factors that contribute to the academic performance of students in the university. Students'… (more)

Karimi, Florah K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Geopolitical influences on German development policies in Africa and AIDS policies in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the beginning of the twenty-first century Germany geopolitics can be characterized by its grand strategy as a civilian power. Germany has come to depend on a civilianized international system based on multilateralism, international institutions and the rule of law, supranational integration, free trade, and the restriction of the use of force as a means for international politics. Such a system requires the players in it to be peaceful and civilian, developed and cooperative, legitimate and law-abiding. Many African countries do not fulfill those conditions. Extremely high prevalence rates of HIV/AIDS in Africa severely undermine social structure, economic development and political stability and thus contribute to state failure. State failure is in fundamental conflict with Germany's prime geopolitical interest in promoting a civilianized international system, because a failing state is incapable of creating civilianized structures. After analyzing Germany's foreign and development policies since World War II, I came to the conclusion that all German foreign policies aim at promoting a civilianized international system. I am arguing that development policies are part of broader foreign policies and thus pursue this goal with respect to developing countries. However, for the system itself it is much more important that the big players in the world are included and committed to it. Therefore, German foreign policy focuses on the major powers in the world and, just as developing countries play a minor role in international politics, development policies play a minor role in Germany's grand strategy as a civilian power. German grand strategy, however, plays a major role in the design and the conduct of German development policies, policies used as tools to pursue Germany's broader geopolitical interest in promoting a civilianized international system.

Bachmann, Veit

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Perception of occlusal appearance in 11 to 12 year-old school children in Nairobi, Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A public orthodontic system generally is designed to prioritize patients so that those who have the greatest need receive treatment. The aim of this study… (more)

Psiwa, Nathan Kitio

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Prevalence of physical inactivity among school going adolescents in Nairobi, Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In developing economies and specifically Sub-Saharan Africa physical inactivity has been identified as a risk factor along with tobacco use, poor… (more)

Kibet, Jepkemoi Joanne

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Biomass and nutrient accumulation in young Prosopis Juliflora at Mombasa, Kenya  

SciTech Connect

Data are presented for 6-yr old P. juliflora, grown for quarry reclamation on: biomass of stems, large branches, small branches and leaves; height and volume of stems and large branches. All were calculated from regressions on based diameter. Volume was 209 cubic m/ha (stems), 75 cubic m/ha (large branches). Total biomass was 216 t/ha (77% in stems and large branches). Leaves plus small branches (22.6% of biomass) contained over 50% of the pool of nutrients N, P, K and Mg. Implications are discussed for site depletion as a result of total tree use for fuelwood and fodder. 25 references.

Maghembe, J.A.; Kariuki, E.M.; Haller, R.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Kenya Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

403

"We have this land as our right" : ethnicity, politics, and land rights conflict at Enoosupukia, Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Population growth and internal migration in parts of the developing world have led to increased conflict over land rights carried out in the context of… (more)

Matter, Scott

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Higher education and development in the golbal south: The case of Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Globalization has challenged and changed roles for governments, non-profits, and no-governmental institutions for countries in Global South. it has similarly spawned the births of numerous… (more)

Garvey, Erin Ashely Mink

405

Water flows, energy demand, and market analysis of the informal water sector in Kisumu, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis Water flows, energy demand, and market analysis of the informal water sector in Kisumu Available online xxxx Keywords: Informal water sector Water flows Developing countries Water market analysis to cope with popu- lation growth. Informal water businesses fulfill unmet water supply needs, yet little

Elimelech, Menachem

406

Choosing and Using Safe Water Technologies: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A. Zwane, “Trickle Down: Chlorine Dispensers and Householdturbidity, E. coli, and free chlorine residual (in treatedPOU products such as chlorine and filters sub- stantially

Luoto, Jill Emily

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

A cohort study of Plasmodium falciparum infection dynamics in Western Kenya Highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

availability of the asymptomatic, untreated malaria reservoir and the notably high efficiency of malaria transmission

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Creation of light for work, socializing, and general illumination is a fundamental application of technology around the world. For those who lack access to electricity, an emerging and diverse range of LED based lighting products hold promise for replacing and/or augmenting their current fuel-based lighting sources that are costly and dirty. Along with analysis of environmental factors, economic models for total cost-ofownership of LED lighting products are an important tool for studying the impacts of these products as they emerge in markets of developing countries. One important metric in those models is the minimum illuminance demanded by end-users for a given task before recharging the lamp or replacing batteries. It impacts the lighting service cost per unit time if charging is done with purchased electricity, batteries, or charging services. The concept is illustrated in figure 1: LED lighting products are generally brightest immediately after the battery is charged or replaced and the illuminance degrades as the battery is discharged. When a minimum threshold level of illuminance is reached, the operational time for the battery charge cycle is over. The cost to recharge depends on the method utilized; these include charging at a shop at a fixed price per charge, charging on personal grid connections, using solar chargers, and purchasing dry cell batteries. This Research Note reports on the observed"charge-triggering" illuminance level threshold for night market vendors who use LED lighting products to provide general and task oriented illumination. All the study participants charged with AC power, either at a fixed-price charge shop or with electricity at their home.

Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan; Radecsky, Kristen

2009-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

409

Modest additive effects of integrated vector control measures on malaria prevalence and transmission in western Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M, Wilson ML: Malaria transmission pattern resilience tousage, and malaria transmission in the highlands of westernbed nets on malaria transmission indices on the south coast

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with torches? Failure of: ? LEDs/Bulb [1] ? Battery [2] ?to incandescent bulbs, and low cost LEDs have achieved pricepowered LED flashlights. Incandescent bulb flashlights are

Tracy, Jenny

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Multiple Social Interaction and Reproductive Externalities: An Investigation of Fertility Behaviour in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ xqghuvwdqglqj zk| vrfldo lqwhudfwlrqv qhhg wr eh ylhzhg dv glvwlqfw surfhvvhv> vhfrqg/ frqvlghulqj wkh h{whqw ru uhdfk ri vrfldo lqwhudfwlrqv> dqg wklug/ hoderudwlqj xsrq wkh dssursuldwh uhihuhqfh jurxsv wr phdvxuh wkh lpsruwdqfh ri vrfldo lqwhudfwlrqv...

Iyer, Sriya; Weeks, Melvyn

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

412

A performance study of ceramic candle filters in Kenya including tests for coliphage removal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approximately 80% of all diseases in the developing world are caused by contaminated water (GDRC, 1999). In response to this crisis, decentralized point-of-use systems, such as ceramic candle filters, have emerged as viable ...

Franz, Amber, 1982-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Orphans' tales: seasonal dietary changes in elephants from Tsavo National Park, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Harrisc , Mohamed B. Dhidhad , Samuel M. Kasikid a Department of Geology and Geophysics, University because of the overlap in isotope patterns in hair, and there is a very high correlation between hair from different individuals in the same group. Forward modeling using a three- component isotope turnover model

Ehleringer, Jim

414

Improved age control on early Homo fossils from the upper Burgi Member at Koobi Fora, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. of Geology and Anthropology, Rutgers University, 610 Taylor Road, Piscataway NJ, USA e Dept. of Human, magnetostratigraphy, Olduvai chron, Pre-Olduvai event, strontium isotope ratios, precession, eccentricity, climate and strontium (Sr) isotope stratigraphy, to improve age control on hominin-bearing upper Burgi (UBU) deposits

415

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

serious quality problems with LED flashlights, whichare the LED products that have achieved the greatest levels2008. "Measured Off? Grid LED Lighting System Performance."

Tracy, Jenny

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we performed a market trial of off-grid LED lighting products in Maai Mahiu, arural Kenyan town. Our goals were to assess consumer demand and consumer preferences with respect to off-grid lighting systems and to gain feedback from off-grid lighting users at the point of purchase and after they have used to products for some time.

Tracy, Jennifer; Alstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

417

Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the economics of fuel-based and LED lighting technology fordata logger equipped rechargeable LED lamps, monitoring theadoption of the LED lamps, and a follow-up survey. 1 Figure

Johnstone, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY: KENYA'S ENERGY PAST AND FUTURE, NOVEMBER 2006 SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Saharan Africa, per capita fossil fuel consumption has also increased since the Nairobi conference. This growth, least developed nations. The world uses more fossil-based energy now than in 1981: 33 per cent more oil currently has one of the highest per capita rates of solar photovoltaic (PV) adoption in the developing

Kammen, Daniel M.

419

Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the products were battery capacity and mobile phone chargingthe Nova S100 had a battery capacity twice that of the Novato the Solata). The battery capacities ranged from 400 to

Tracy, Jennifer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

The Politics and Anti-Politics of HIV: healthcare and welfare in contemporary Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Based Malaria Control in Dar es Salaam Ann H. Kelly | 161 Stock-outs in global health: Pharmaceutical governance and uncertainties in the global supply of ARVs in Uganda Sung-Joon Park | 177 LONGING FOR CITIZENSHIP “We are not paid—they just give us... -assistants, street sellers, market women, men providing bodaboda (bicycle taxi) services and mothers taking their children to the clinic, the price of food and the maize scandals were constant topics of conversation. Food was a political issue. During this time, I...

Prince, Ruth J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Application of Seasonal to Interannual Climate Forecasts Based on El Niño - Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Events: Australia, Brazil, Ethiopia, Peru, and Zimbabwe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monitoring Center (Kenya), the South African Weather Bureau,African Weather Bureau; Drought Monitoring Center (Kenya)Weather Service; NOAA; Australian BoM SADC REWS; Southern African RCOF; Drought Monitoring Centre (Kenya)

Orlove, Benjamin S; Tosteson, Joshua L.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Scale-Dependent Relationships between Land-Use Change and Its Determinants in the Volta Basin of Ghana  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relationships between cropland change and presumed determinants were analyzed at scales ranging from 30 to 5100 m using logistic regression. The plot of the odds ratio across the spatial scales indicated that both biophysical and social variables ...

Ademola K. Braimoh; Paul L. G. Vlek

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Market organisation and the process of economic development: the case of the partially liberalised cocoa market in Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Within the last twenty years the link between market organisation and development has come under increased scrutiny in response to the implementation of World Bank… (more)

Granleese, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Evaluating the technical performance and social acceptability of keg-shaped ceramic water filters in Northern Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kosim Water Keg (KWK) is a new ceramic water filter designed have faster filtration rates and integrate better with consumers' water habits. The design seals together two ceramic pot filters (CPFs) to form a keg shape. ...

Cummings, Joanna (Joanna Katherine)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The effects of an intermittent piped water network and storage practices on household water quality in Tamale, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United Nations Millennium Development Goals include a target to halve the number of people without access to "improved" water sources, which include piped water supply. However, an "improved" source of water does not ...

Vacs Renwick, Deborah Alexandra

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Economic evaluation of breeding strategies for improvement of dairy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 10, 2010 ... used for genetic improvement of dairy cattle in Kenya. The breeding ... Although Kenya has created nucleus dairy herds from imported breeds ...

427

BOEKBESPREKING.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

1934, Basoetoland 1935, Kenya t936, Noord Rhodesi~ 1937). Her werk ... proefstation van Oost Afrika), terwijl in her aangrenzende Kenya vnl. geld werd uit-.

428

Characterization of immunoglobulin G antibodies to Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite surface antigen MB2 in malaria exposed individuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Director of the Kenya Medical Research Institute. ReferencesCommittee at the Kenya Medical Research Institute and theRogers at the US Naval Medical Research Center (Rockville,

Nguyen, Thanh V; Sacci, John B; de la Vega, Patricia; John, Chandy C; James, Anthony A; Kang, Angray S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

Brown, S.

2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

430

High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project SWERA Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): To expand the world wide use of renewable energy a consistent, reliable, verifiable, and easily accessible database of solar energy resources is needed. Within the UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) Project SWERA (Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment, http://swera.unep.net), funded by GEF (Global Environment Facility), a global database of solar and wind energy resources will be set up. SWERA will provide, beside the wind products, global horizontal irradiance, which is mostly used to plan photovoltaic systems, and direct normal irradiance, which is needed for solar concentrating systems. For selected countries throughout the world, additionally high resolution data will be produced which is required to plan solar energy systems in detail. Within SWERA, the partners DLR, SUNY and INPE calculate solar irradiance with high temporal resolution of 1 hour and with a spatial resolution of 10km x 10km. By processing data from geostationary satellites we provide solar irradiance data for Cuba, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Brazil, Ghana, Ethiopia, Kenya, China, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bangladesh. In this paper we describe the ongoing work of developing this high resolution solar irradiance tx_metadatatool and cross-checking of the used solar irradiance algorithms for various satellite data.

431

Brief description of the Developing Country Energy Project  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the project is to assess the role of new or adapted technologies in addressing the energy problems of developing countries. This objective is pursued through activities ranging from historical economic analyses of the role of energy in development to assessments of individual technologies carried out in support of research and development planning. The project, started in 1975, carries a particular emphasis on the energy problems and technologies appropriate to rural development. A firm tenet of the activity is, however, that the role of individual energy technologies can be understood only through an integrated view of the entire energy system and the way in which that system meshes with the economic and cultural structure of a society. The entire group of LDCs are being examined to develop a better understanding of the role of energy in development and to project the energy requirements of those countries under alternative growth patterns. Some representative countries were used as the basis for generic energy technology assessment. Seven countries were chosen as an initial set for analysis based on their representing a range of levels of development, climate, resource base, etc. These countries were India and Kenya (in the low, less than $200 per capita, income group) Ghana and South Korea (in the intermediate income group), and Chile, Brazil and Greece (in the upper, greater than $550 per capita, income group). In constructing energy supply-demand models for these countries, emphasis was placed on incorporating data on noncommercial energy use wherever such information was available. (MCW)

1976-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Production test IP-466-A test of the 190 turbine pumps at KE(KW) Rector (Project CGI-844)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this test is to provide for adequate testing of the new steam turbine pumps. This will cover the tests required for the acceptance of these new items as per ATP-2588 and for any additional testing required to ensure reactor emergency cooling adequacy and reliability. A further objective is to provide the safety requiring by which the objectives of the ATP-2588 may be accomplished. A steam pump is being installed in each of the 190-K buildings to provide an additional secondary supply of reactor coolant. The basis for this test is presented in ATP-2588. Briefly, it is to authorize the required reactor down time and to assure reactor safety in the performance of the required testing procedures. These tests will develop the necessary and pertinent information concerning the cooling adequacy of this new system. At the same time, information will be obtained concerning the in situ characteristics of the steam turbine pump and the flow to the reactor when one side of the process lines is closed.

Jones, S.S.

1962-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Measurements of relativistic effects in collective Thomson scattering at electron temperatures less than 1 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thomson scattering on the NIF . . 7.1.2 Electron featureon reduced-scale targets at the nif and omega lasers,” Janparameter. . . . . . . Figure 1.2: A NIF Au hohlraum target

Ross, James Steven

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

ELECTRON COLLISIONAL DETACHMENT PROCESSES FOR A 250 keV D- ION BEAM IN A PARTIALLY IONIZED HYDROGEN TARGET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Reactor Start-up", 4th Inter­ national Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion

Savas, S.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Field performance of a nephelometer in rural kitchens: effects of high humidity excursions and correlations to gravimetric analyses (Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2006)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from domestic biomass combustion in rural Mexico.pollution from biomass combustion in Kenya. Environmental

Fischer, Susan L; Koshland, Catherine P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Measuring clay property variation and effects on ceramic pot filter performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pure Home Water (PHW) is a non-profit organization in Ghana whose mission is to provide safe drinking water to Ghana's Northern Region - the poorest part of the country. Originally a distributor of ceramic pot filters ...

Hester, Joshua (Joshua C.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Ghana from NREL

(Abstract):  Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Ghana.

...

438

Table of Contents Health Sciences Information .......................................................................................... 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the Humanities and Sciences. 2006. DVD. 61 min. Former President of Ghana, Jerry Rawlings, and Kenyan law student

Mohaghegh, Shahab

439

Decentralization and Health Care Inequality: A Geographical Approach to the Study of HIV & AIDS Mitigation in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The 1980’s and 1990’s were characterized by considerable debate on decentralization in the developing world. While advocates argued that decentralization would bring government, and therefore… (more)

Nyangau, Josiah Z.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Promoting handwashing with soap behaviour in Kenyan schools : learning from puppetry trials among primary school children in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??While previous research clearly shows that handwashing with soap can prevent many serious illnesses and deaths among children in developing countries, handwashing rates remain low… (more)

Eshuchi, Rufus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Energy and Water Department of the World Bank (Lightingthe Energy and Water Department of the World Bank. Lightingthe Energy and Water Department of the World Bank, available

Radecsky, Kristen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Transnational movements, human rights and democracy : legal mobilization strategies and majoritarian constraints in Kenya, 1982-2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

African Directory: Human Rights Organizations in Sub-African Directory: Human Rights Organizations in Sub-Saharan

Feeley, Maureen Catherine

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

At a crossroad: the GATS telecom framework and neo-patrimonial states: the politics of telecom reform in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The liberalisation of domestic telecommunication (telecom) markets has become a worldwide trend. As a result, the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), evolving from… (more)

Kerretts-Makau, Monica J J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Topography as a modifier of breeding habitats and concurrent vulnerability to malaria risk in the western Kenya highlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2001, 80(1):1-8. 24. Carter R, Mendis KN, Roberts D: SpatialPK, Attanayake N, Carter R, Mendis KN: Malaria risk factors

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Identification of malaria transmission and epidemic hotspots in the Western Kenya highlands: its application to malaria epidemic prediction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

availability and stability of vector breeding habitats and subsequently the level of malaria transmission and

Wanjala, Christine L; Waitumbi, John; Zhou, Guofa; Githeko, Andrew K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lantern) Electric (LED Array) Electric (CFL Bulb) Maai MahiuLED Array) Maai Mahiu Maai Mahiu & Karagita Combined Electric (CFL Bulb)

Radecsky, Kristen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with torches? Failure of: ? LEDs/Bulb [1] ? Battery [2] ?http://light.lbl.gov Component Bulb Type LED Incandescentto incandescent bulbs, and low-cost LEDs have achieved price

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report #3 Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget:The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses inProject includes an Off-Grid Lighting Technology Assessment

Radecsky, Kristen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Charge a 1200 mAh Battery Cost per LED Lamp Charge (Ksh/battery powered LED lamps introduced to the businesses and the costbattery charging services, while solar charging did not involve any ongoing costs.

Radecsky, Kristen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

no name, i.e. number of LEDs, rechargeable/dry cell, numberthe name, i.e. number of LEDs, rechargeable/dry cell, numberno name, i.e. number of LEDs, rechargeable/dry cell, number

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Fuel from the Savannah: Understanding the Climate Change Impacts of Large-Scale Charcoal Production in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CO 2 flow Energy input Waste energy Recycled material flowCO 2 flow Energy input Waste energy Recycled material flowSolid and liquid wastes Energy Energy Land Transformation

Bailis, Rob

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Moving the Goalposts: The Impact of Soccer on the Lives and Prospects of Girls and Young Women Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of girls said that football bas a positive impact on theirsports and development bas the power to create significant

Forde, Sarah; Kendall-Taylor, Andrea

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Household adoption of ecological sanitation : an assessment of agricultural value and user perspectives in Nyanza Province, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecological sanitation, or ecosan, refers to a range of sanitation technologies in which human excreta is recovered and retained on-site, and eventually reused. However, when a culture does not have a tradition of reusing ...

Robinson, Brian E. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the ampere-hour capacity of the battery. 2 A larger batteryincreasing the capacity of the battery. This is true becauseincreasing the capacity of the battery. The most desirable

Radecsky, Kristen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Identification of malaria transmission and epidemic hotspots in the Western Kenya highlands: its application to malaria epidemic prediction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using circum-sporozoite protein (CSP) and merozoite surfaceof circumsprozoite protein (CSP) was 13% in adults over 40P.vivax capture antigens (MSP, CSP) on the test band P.vivax

Wanjala, Christine L; Waitumbi, John; Zhou, Guofa; Githeko, Andrew K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Linking Farmer, Forest and Watershed: Agricultural Systems and Natural Resources Management Along the Upper Njoro River, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Number Texture density pH (PPM) (meg/100g) (%) Sandy SiltLoam Sandy SiltLoam Sandy Silt Loam Sandy Silt Loam Sandy Silt Loam Clay

Krupnik, Timothy J.; Jenkins, Marion W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Donors versus dictators : the impact of multilateral aid conditionality on democratization : Kenya and Malawi in comparative context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Donors versus Dictators examines the "exporting democracy debate" and the related issue of "nation-building" as manifested in the foreign aid relationship in the post-Cold War era. This dissertation centers on two in-depth ...

Clinkenbeard, Steven E., 1958-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

AFRICAN AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY FOUNDATION NETWORK FOR THE GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production and Utilization, a Cowpea Stakeholders Workshop was organized at the M Plaza Hotel in Accra Ghana IN AFRICA Report of Cowpea Stakeholders Workshop on February 10 ­ 12, 2004 M Plaza Hotel, Accra, Ghana AAA Workshop, M Plaza Hotel , Accra Ghana. February 10 ­ 12, 2004 #12;3 Contents List of Abbreviations

Ginzel, Matthew

459

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

460

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Household ceramic water filter evaluation using three simple low-cost methods : membrane filtration, 3M Petrifilm and hydrogen sulfide bacteria in northern region, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking water continues to be a major source of waterborne diseases and death in the world because many points of water collection remain unsafe. This thesis reports high level of fecal contamination found in rivers and ...

Mattelet, Claire (Claire Eliane H. Y.)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

High density polyethylene (HDPE) containers as an alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles for solar disinfection of drinking water in northern region, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the technical feasibility of high density polyethylene (HDPE) containers as an alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles for the solar disinfection of drinking water ...

Yazdani, Iman

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

ORGANIZERS n Brandeis University n African Foundation for International Law n Faculty of Law of the University of Ghana n West African Research Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interest" clause in the Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to withdraw from the treaty, expel IAEA of proliferation: The more places in which this work is done, the harder it is to monitor. Weapons have been, and the technology seems to be not that hard to master or acquire. BURTON RICHTER Reducing Proliferation Risk

Fraden, Seth

464

Development and Fabrication of New Accelerator Grid Modules for Ion Sources in the 80 keV Neutral Beam Lines for DIII-D (A25176)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proc. Of 21st IEEE/NPSS Symposium On Fusion Engineering 2005, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2005, To Be Published21st IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering Knoxville Tennessee, US, 2005999611065

Grunloh, H.J.

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

465

Development and Fabrication of New Accelerator Grid Modules for Ion Sources in the 80 keV Neutral Beam Lines for DIII-D (A25176)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proc. Of 21st IEEE/NPSS Symposium On Fusion Engineering 2005, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2005, To Be Published21st IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering Knoxville Tennessee, US, 2005999611070

Grunloh, H.J.

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

466

Direct Marketing When There Are Voluntary Buyers Yi-Ting Lai and Ke Wang Daymond Ling, Hua Shi, and Jason Zhang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Each customer record is associated with a number of individual characteristics (e.g. age, income be the set of decided customers in S, and U be the set of undecided customers in S. |X| denote the number campaigns, M1 and M2, each contact the same number of customers. We illustrate this in Figures 1 and 2

Wang, Ke

467

ANALYSIS OF THE 6Li(n, t) 03B1 REACTION OVER THE ENERGY RANGE 14 TO 3 900 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the S-matrix theory of nuclear reactions. A parametric expression is obtained. A 3/2- level is located-matrix theory [11

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

468

Nanocrystalline Silicon Thin Film Transistors on Optically Clear Polymer Foil Substrates Alex Kattamis, I-Chun Cheng, Ke Long, James C. Sturm, Sigurd Wagner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with bottom-emitting organic light emitting diodes, such devices will allow for a 10x reduction in pixel TFT light emitting diode (AMOLED) displays. There is growing interest in AMOLED displays because active

469

D- PRODUCTION BY CHARGE TRANSFER OF 0.3-10 keV D+, D0, AND D- IN CESIUM, RUBIDIUM, AND SODIUM VAPOR TARGETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. Bacal for bringing the heat-pipe target concept to ourthat target length in a heat pipe can change with changing

Schlachter, A.S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK) AgencyCompany...

471

Creating Social Spaces to Tackle AIDS-Related Stigma: Reviewing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 29, 2010 ... Kenya. To examine how. Pentecostal churches respond to the. AIDS epidemic. Qualitative. Ethnographic observations and participation in.

472

Le Système international d'unités The International System of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... générale : Bélarus, CARICOM, Costa Rica, Croatie, Cuba, Équateur, Estonie, Hong Kong (Chine), Jamaïque, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Lettonie, Lituanie ...

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

473

Chemical Metrology and its Impact on Industry and Quality of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Members States • 53 States (including recent Members States Kazakhstan and Croatia; per Jan. 2010 Kenya) • Associate Members ...

2012-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

474

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Insurance & Visas | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kirguizistn Kosovo Kuwait Lesotho Liberia * Lybia Lebanon Madagascar Malaysia Malawi Mali Morocco Mauritania Moldavia Mongolia Mozambique Namibia Nepal Nicaragua...

475

Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Albania, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, Guatemala, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico,...

476

Interpol AFIS service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ghana : 3 Kyrgystan : 3 Monaco : 3 Armenia : 2 Barbados : 2 Finland : 2 Georgia : 2 Kazakhstan : 2 Portugal : 2 Greece : 1 Ireland : 1 Jordan : 1 ...

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

477

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

members, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, France, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and...

478

Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to nuclear power, including: Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Senegal, Slovenia, and...

479

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Kumasi Institute of Technology and Environment (KITE) Address P. O. Box AT 720, Achimota, Accra, Ghana. + Coordinates 5.555717,...

480

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Peru; Aug 2013; Bolivia; Aug 2013; Italy; Aug 2013; Romania; Aug 2013; Ghana; Aug 2013; See Today in Energy articles on international topics. Who are the major ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ghana ke kenya" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Nigeria - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Current recipients are Volta River Authority's Takoradi Thermal Power Plant in Ghana and Electricity Community of Benin (CEB), a company co-owned by Benin and Togo.

482

What's your plan for 2025?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Jute 98% India, Bangladesh, China, Myanmar Soybeans 88% USA, Brazil, Argentina, China Cocoa 78% Côte d'Ivoire, Indonesia, Ghana, Nigeria ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

483

APPLICATION OF THE THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO EXPLAIN MEDIA EXPOSURE AND CONDOM USE AMONG GHANAIAN YOUTH.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study uses the National Survey of Adolescents in Ghana (2004) to examine the relationship between media exposure modality and frequency and condom use at… (more)

Acosta, Paola

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Dancing Africa in Bahia : dance, embodied authenticity and the consumption of "Africa" in Bahia, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formation in Contemporary Brazil." In On Edge: The Crisis ofof Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. ” National Library of Ghana.197-204. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: UNESCO. Centro de Estudos

Ahlberg, Meredith A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

current member states of the UN Commission on Science and Technology for development: Brazil Chile China Democratic Republic of Congo Cuba Finland France Ghana India Latvia...

486

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

states of the UN Commission on Science and Technology for development: Brazil Chile China Democratic Republic of Congo Cuba Finland France Ghana India Latvia Lesotho Mauritius...

487

Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected Countries to the Next Level Carbon Capture and Storage in Southern Africa ECN-Supporting low carbon growth in Ghana...

488

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and Ukraine and three international organizations as...

489

Questionnaire | BNL Guest, User and Visitor Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard...

490

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gambia Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Great Britain andNorthern Ireland Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong...

491

Leadership Training, Inter-ethnic Conflict Management, and the Youth: A Case Study of One Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) in Nairobi, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While many non-governmental organizations provide leadership training in inter-ethnic conflict management to Kenyan youth, relatively little is known about what goes into such training. This dissertation is a case study illustrating how the training structure operates. The purpose of this dissertation is to address the challenges associated with youth leadership training in inter-ethnic conflict management, how these challenges are managed, what differences the training makes, and how it is transferred back into the real-life of the youth. To better understand these issues, a two-month qualitative study was conducted divided in two phases involving trainers, youth participants, program designers, and community leaders. Twenty two interviews and 2 focus groups were completed. Results demonstrated four communicative challenges involved in the design of youth leadership training were: (1) audience analysis, (2) material resources, (3) participant challenges, and (4) diversity. Results showed that trainers addressed the communicative challenges by using the following management strategies: needs assessment, financial management, stakeholder education, and dialogue facilitation. The analysis suggested that the conditions that facilitate transfer of training were: participatory models, training organization, and trainee motivation. Similarly, conditions that inhibit training transfer included: resource constraints, youth motivation, environmental conditions, and diversity. Finally, results also suggested that the differences that leadership training made in the lives of the youth were: behavioral transformation, participant input, improved peaceful relationships, and skill development. Successfully managing the communicative challenges in the design and implementation of the training were the main goals of trainers, and the more they took ownership of these goals the more likely the training would be successful. This dissertation suggests that managing the communicative challenges associated with the design and conduct of youth leadership training is the first step to ensuring the training transfer for youth participants and achieving a workable leadership training in inter-ethnic conflict management.

Mbutu, Paul

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Investigating the Influence of Synoptic-Scale Monsoonal Winds and Mesoscale Circulations on Diurnal Weather Patterns over Kenya Using a Mesoscale Numerical Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) developed at Colorado State University (CSU) was used to investigate the influence of the large-scale monsoonal winds and the mesoscale local circulations on the diurnal precipitation pattern over ...

Joseph R. Mukabana; Roger A. Piekle

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

A technology strategy analysis for the deployment of broadband connectivity for economic development in emerging economies : studying the case of Kenya using the CLIOS process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The role of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in economic development is increasingly moving to the core of national competitiveness strategies around the world thanks to its revolutionary power as a critical ...

Omwenga, Brian Gichana

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Management of tunas in the Indian Ocean: a study of Kenya's implementation of international and regional conservation and management measures for Tuna.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC) granted significant access to fisheries resources to coastal States in their exclusive economic… (more)

Mbendo, Jane Rowena

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Long term study on the effect of mollusciciding with niclosamide in stream habitats on the transmission of schistosomiasis mansoni after community-based chemotherapy in Makueni District, Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stream was treated at a concentration of 1 mg l-1 for 8 hours using a dispenser made of a 200-litre metal oil drum with a bottom siphoning mechanism (i.e. drip-feed application). At the same time, marginal water, small effluents and side ponds... Dr RF Sturrock, personal communication). Several important questions are associated with the use of molluscicide to prevent reinfection rather than relying on repeated treatment of exposed individuals to maintain low reinfection levels. The cost...

Kariuki, Henry C; Madsen, Henry; Ouma, John H; Butterworth, Anthony E; Dunne, David W; Booth, Mark; Kimani, Gachuhi; Mwatha, Joseph K; Muchiri, Eric; Vennervald, Birgitte J

2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

496

Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time period Pre 07/2008 Lighting Technology (Nightly Cost,2 Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Comparedto Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity

Johnstone, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity in Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s kiosk illuminated by her LED lamp [1/2009] “A.N. ” Market:25 Ksh/night) and Post 07/2008 LED-NiMH lamp (4 Ksh/night) (to charge at a shop) “The [LED] lamp is very important and

Johnstone, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Recent land-cover/use change associated with land degradation in the Lake Baringo catchment, Kenya, East Africa: evidence from Landsat TM and ETM+  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many parts of East Africa are experiencing dramatic changes in land-cover/use at a variety of spatial and temporal scales, due to both climatic variability and human activities. Information about such changes is often required for planning, management, ...

L. M. Kiage; K. -B. Liu; N. D. Walker; N. Lam; O. K. Huh

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Newsletter Signup Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

500

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002 for selected sites in Ghana. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI Ghana GHI hourly data solar SWERA TILT TMY UNEP Data application/zip icon ghanaDLRtimeseries_103.zip (zip, 2.7 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment