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1

Germany 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some Pictures to Share with You - Trip to Berlin and Leipzig, Germany, April, 2007. Inside a Berlin subway station. The subway train has come.

2

Good-bye, Germany!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1990. Kurthen, Hermann. “Germany at the Crossroads: NationalLynn. “Social Memory and Germany’s Immigration Crisis: AGramling, Anton Kaes, eds. Germany in Transit: Migration,

Sollors, Werner

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Study in Germany / Work in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study in Germany / Work in Germany Opportunities Prof. Dr. Silke R. Falkner German Programme Coordinator silke.falkner@usask.ca Tel.: 966-5744 #12;Content I. Opportunities for Study in Germany II. German in Germany V. Term II courses #12;I.A. Study in Germany (Summer) 1. CSSG: Canadian Summer School in Germany

Peak, Derek

4

Information on Germany Scholarship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information on Germany Scholarship The whole future f or half the price. Germany Scholarship achieve great things at an early age ­ academically, in their family lives and for society. Germany join forces and give talented young people their full backing. With Germany Scholarship, the Federal

Hoffmeister, Thomas S.

5

Postcolonialism, Islam, and Contemporary Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1995] In Atlas of a Tropical Germany: Essays on Politics andMacmillan, 2005. Albrecht, Monika. Postcolonial Germany?and Migration into Germany’s Colonial Past. Paper delivered

Albrecht, Monika

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Nanoair-bridged lateral overgrowth of GaN on ordered nanoporous GaN template  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the growth of high-quality GaN epilayers on an ordered nanoporous GaN template by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. The nanopores in GaN template were created by inductively coupled plasma etching using anodic aluminum oxide film as an etch mask. The average pore diameter and interpore distance is about 65 and 110 nm, respectively. Subsequent overgrowth of GaN first begins at the GaN crystallite surface between the pores, and then air-bridge-mediated lateral overgrowth leads to the formation of the continuous layer. Microphotoluminescence and micro-Raman measurements show improved optical properties and significant strain relaxation in the overgrown layer when compared to GaN layer of same thickness simultaneously grown on sapphire without any template. Similar to conventional epitaxial lateral overgrown GaN, such overgrown GaN on a nanopatterned surface would also serve as a template for the growth of ultraviolet-visible light-emitting III-nitride devices.

Wang, Y.D.; Zang, K.Y.; Chua, S.J.; Tripathy, S.; Chen, P.; Fonstad, C.G. [Singapore-MIT Alliance, E4-04-10, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore) and Centre for Optoelectronics, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 2 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Department of Electrical and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

7

University of Bonn Bonn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Bonn Bonn, Germany studyabroad 2013|2014 Contact Information · UFIC Study Abroad, Germany, for a semester or a full academic year. Highlights · Students who have not completed at least two

Jawitz, James W.

8

University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany About: The University of Bamberg (German: Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg) in Bamberg, Germany, is simultaneously one of the oldest and one of the newest universities://www.uni-bamberg.de/?id=2697 FUN FACTS ABOUT BAMBERG The working week in Germany also includes Saturday. So, when looking

Duchowski, Andrew T.

9

HEIDELBERG, GERMANY, 9 May 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEIDELBERG, GERMANY, 9 May 2012 ­ Fifty-five life scientists from Europe and around the world were Bovolenta Nicolao, Spain Jens C. Brüning, Germany Francesco Cecconi, Italy PRESS RELEASE EMBO welcomes 55, Italy Ulrike Gaul, Germany Pascal Genschik, France Urs Greber, Switzerland William A. Harris, UK Urs

Canet, Léonie

10

Development of a Bulk GaN Growth Technique for Low Defect Density...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

current due to bulk defects GaN is Grown Heteroepitaxially on Sapphire (and Silicon Carbide) Substrates * As grown GaN nucleation layers contain disordered GaN with many...

11

Take Me “Home”: Determinants of Return Migration Among Germany’s Elderly Immigrants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. 2007. “After Lifetime in Germany, Turks Still Alone andof Retirement Decisions in Germany” in Jonathan Gruber andof Immigrants in Germany? : Evidence from a Longitudinal

Yahirun, Jenjira

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

1synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany; CeLight Israel; Photline, France; IPAG, Germany Univ. Paderborn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany; CeLight Israel; Photline, France; IPAG, Germany synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany CeLight Israel Photline, France IPAG, Germany Contract 004631 in FP6 IST-2002 Phase Shift Keying Transmission #12;2synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany; CeLight Israel; Photline, France

Noé, Reinhold

13

M1 Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point, Alaska:Luz IILynnM Setek Co Ltd JumpM1 Energy Jump

14

Checklist 1 Before your arrival in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Checklist 1 Before your arrival in Germany Before you set off for Germany, begin by clarifying München and Germany in general? o Is my command of German adequate to make myself understood in Germany for your room, etc.) o Have I dealt with all the formalities for entry into Germany (passport, visa, etc

Kemper, Gregor

15

The Classification of M1-78  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The published properties of M1-78 are discussed with the purpose to resolve the object's classification as either a planetary nebula or an ultracompact HII region. A classification as a planetary nebula is rejected primarily because of the high luminosity of the object, but because of the chemical composition and expansion velocity of the nebula, a novel classification is proposed instead: that of an ultracompact HII region with a post-main sequence central star (possibly a WN star). It must therefore follow that observable ultracompact HII regions persist beyond the main sequence lifetimes of at least some massive stars, and so cannot be transient phenomena that are seen only during pre-main sequence or early main sequence evolution.

G. T. Gussie

1994-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

16

ICC 2009 University of Germany Southampton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICC 2009 University of Germany Southampton ICC2009 Germany Reduced-Rank Adaptive Least Bit Error;Outline ICC 2009 University of Germany Southampton Outline J Motivation; J Description of hybrid direct Conclusions. #12;Motivation ICC 2009 University of Germany Southampton Motivation ! UWB channels are highly

Chen, Sheng

17

Living in Germany. Studying at FAU.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Welcome. Living in Germany. Studying at FAU. www.fau.eu/international #12;Welcome. Living in Germany. Studying at FAU. 2 Welcome. Living in Germany. Studying at FAU. Contents Vice President`s welcome...................................................... 5 1. What you will find in this brochure .............................. 6 2. Welcome to Germany

Fiebig, Peter

18

ARM - AMIE Gan Island - Data Plots  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01) (See95TI07)Operations2AP-XPSAPS50 -IssuegovFieldOverviewGan

19

Bernhard Westrich, Universitt Stuttgart, Germany; Ulrich Frstner, TU Hamburg-Harburg, Hamburg, Germany (Eds.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bernhard Westrich, Universität Stuttgart, Germany; Ulrich Förstner, TU Hamburg- Harburg, Hamburg, Germany (Eds.) Sediment Dynamics and Pollutant Mobility in Rivers An Interdisciplinary Approach

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

20

ARM MJO Investigation Experiment on Gan Island (AMIE-Gan) Science Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overarching campaign, which includes the ARM Mobile Facility 2 (AMF2) deployment in conjunction with the Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO) and the Cooperative Indian Ocean experiment on intraseasonal variability in the Year 2011 (CINDY2011) campaigns, is designed to test several current hypotheses regarding the mechanisms responsible for Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) initiation and propagation in the Indian Ocean area. The synergy between the proposed AMF2 deployment with DYNAMO/CINDY2011, and the corresponding funded experiment on Manus, combine for an overarching ARM MJO Investigation Experiment (AMIE) with two components: AMF2 on Gan Island in the Indian Ocean (AMIE-Gan), where the MJO initiates and starts its eastward propagation; and the ARM Manus site (AMIE-Manus), which is in the general area where the MJO usually starts to weaken in climate models. AMIE-Gan will provide measurements of particular interest to Atmospheric System Research (ASR) researchers relevant to improving the representation of MJO initiation in climate models. The framework of DYNAMO/CINDY2011 includes two proposed island-based sites and two ship-based locations forming a square pattern with sonde profiles and scanning precipitation and cloud radars at both island and ship sites. These data will be used to produce a Variational Analysis data set coinciding with the one produced for AMIE-Manus. The synergy between AMIE-Manus and AMIE-Gan will allow studies of the initiation, propagation, and evolution of the convective cloud population within the framework of the MJO. As with AMIE-Manus, AMIE-Gan/DYNAMO also includes a significant modeling component geared toward improving the representation of MJO initiation and propagation in climate and forecast models. This campaign involves the deployment of the second, marine-capable, AMF; all of the included measurement systems; and especially the scanning and vertically pointing radars. The campaign will include sonde launches at a rate of eight per day for the duration of the deployment. The increased sonde launches for the entire period matches that of the AMIE-Manus campaign and makes possible a far more robust Variational Analysis forcing data set product for the entire campaign, and thus better capabilities for modeling studies and synergistic research using the data from both AMIE sites.

Long, CL; Del Genio, A; Deng, M; Fu, X; Gustafson, W; Houze, R; Jakob, C; Jensen, M; Johnson, R; Liu, X; Luke, E; May, P; McFarlane, S; Minnis, P; Schumacher, C; Vogelmann, A; Wang, Y; Webster, P; Xie, S; Zhang, C

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Emigration and the Foundation of West Germany, 1933-1963  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gustav. The Canker of Germany. Trans. Norbert S. Maiman.Hauptstadtarchiv, Wiesbaden, Germany. Fraenkel, Martha,Frankfurt, Germany. Gurland, Arcadius, Personalakte.

Strote, Noah Benezra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Welfare State Integration of Immigrants: the Case of Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of immigrant integration in Germany; the good performance ofImmigrants: the Case of Germany References Beauftragte derImmigrants: the Case of Germany Friedrich Heckmann Managing

Heckmann, Friedrich

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Review: German Film after Germany. Toward a Transnational Aesthetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Halle. German Film After Germany. Toward a Transnationalof film production in Germany has changed rapidly. Thescale. German Film After Germany: Toward a Transnational

Theisen, Bianca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany" The Bachelor and Master Programmes at a Glance 2011 #12 course of studies in philosophy and economics. The aim is to provide a rigorous training for understanding complex social, economic, and political decision-making. · The philosophy curriculum is focused

Müller, Cord

25

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Philosophy & Economics "Made in Germany" 10 Argumente für das Bachelor-Studiengang Philosophy & Economics 2011 www.pe.uni-bayreuth.de #12;1. P&E verbindet Philosophie und �konomie, um Exper- tinnen und Zentrum steht die Verzahnung von philosophi- scher und ökonomischer Perspektive. 8. P&E bereitet für

Müller, Cord

26

Checklist 3 Before your departure from Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Checklist 3 Before your departure from Germany o It is in your hands to receive the transcripts at the Citizens' Bureau o Remember to cancel all agreements/contracts signed in Germany, such as: - with the bank

Kemper, Gregor

27

Checklist 2 The first days in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Checklist 2 The first days in Germany Further information and explanations for the following points (former E111 or E128) or EHIC-Card to one of the social insurers in Germany. You will then be issued in Germany! Only when you have a permanent address you can register with the Citizens' Bureau (Bürgerbüro

Kemper, Gregor

28

INVITED SPEAKERS S. Albeverio (Bonn, Germany)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVITED SPEAKERS S. Albeverio (Bonn, Germany) J. L. Bell (Western Ontario, Canada) V. Benci (PisaIntyre (Edinburgh, UK) T. Nakamura (Tsuda, Japan) H. Osswald (Muenchen, Germany) D.A. Ross (Hawaii, USA) M. Wolff (Tuebingen, Germany). NS2002 NONSTANDARD METHODS and applications in mathematics June 10-16, 2002 Pisa

Di Nasso, Mauro

29

Workshop on Distributed Cloud Computing Dresden, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DCC 2013 Workshop on Distributed Cloud Computing Dresden, Germany December 9-12, 2013 (Submission Pan Hui, HKUST, Hong Kong Wolfgang Kellerer, TU Munich, Germany Ruben Montero, Uni Complutense de Waterloo, Canada Marco Canini, T-Labs & TU Berlin, Germany Paolo Costa, MSR & Imperial College, UK Xiaoming

Schmid, Stefan

30

>Why I decided to study in Germany ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

>Why I decided to study in Germany ... SIX STUDENTS TELL THEIR STORIES _______ PAGE 04 +/+/+/ STUDYING IN GERMANY /+/+/+ #12;What are the important ingredients for a successful start? The best possible preparation sounds like a good idea. That's why the magazine "Start ­ Studying in Germany" is providing some

Hellebrand, Sybille

31

famelab-germany.de FameLab Germany wird prsentiert von  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

famelab-germany.de FameLab Germany wird präsentiert von Du ... studierst oder arbeitest in den Wissenschaftskommunikation #12;Anmeldung & Videos famelab-germany.de Let's taLK science! FameLab-Vorentscheid 22. März Medien- und Kommuni- kationstraining 5. + 6. April Berlin Finale FameLab Germany: 10. Mai Bielefeld

Hamburg,.Universität

32

E-Print Network 3.0 - aln gan inn Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: size. Introduction GaN and its alloys with InN and AlN have been used for optoelectronic devices... region. The formation of self-assembled GaN nanostructures on aluminum...

33

Global Imbalances: Is Germany the new China? A Skeptical View  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Imbalances: Is Germany the new China? A Skepticalpatterns of China and Germany. We point out that China'srecent years resembles that of Germany’s. Yet, an important

Aizenman, Joshua; Sengupta, Rajeswari

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

K.K. Gan EPS 2001 1 New Results on Charm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K.K. Gan EPS 2001 1 New Results on Charm Semileptonic Decays and Lifetime K.K. Gan The Ohio State University July 14, 2001 Representing CLEO Collaboration #12;K.K. Gan EPS 2001 2 l measurement of l first+ B(D+ K* 0 l+ l ) (D*+ ) c + #12;K.K. Gan EPS 2001 3 l P measurement of form factors helps to guide

Gan, K. K.

35

Joint ATLAS/CMS SLHC Opto WG 1 K.K. Gan Lesson Learned from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joint ATLAS/CMS SLHC Opto WG 1 K.K. Gan Lesson Learned from ATLAS Pixel Optical Link #12;Joint ATLAS/CMS SLHC Opto WG 2 Outline Introduction VCSEL/PIN monitoring Analysis of opto-board/VCSEL/PIN failures Summary K.K. Gan #12;K.K. Gan Joint ATLAS/CMS SLHC Opto WG 3 Introduction Architecture

Gan, K. K.

36

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Progress Report on Joint ATLAS/CMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Progress Report on Joint ATLAS/CMS SLHC Opto ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 2 Outline Introduction Subgroups activities Summary #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS System #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 4 Group A: Lesson Learned and to be Learned from LHC

Gan, K. K.

37

K.K. Gan RD07 1 Radiation-Hard Optical Link for SLHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spliced SIMM-GRIN fiber Radiation hardness of PIN/VCSEL arrays Results on MT-style optical packages irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What current is needed for annealing? #12;K.K. Gan RDK.K. Gan RD07 1 Radiation-Hard Optical Link for SLHC June 28, 2007 W. Fernando, K.K. Gan, A. Law, H

Gan, K. K.

38

Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany core members (project manager) Dr Sweden Germany ordinary members Frank Breitling Eoin Carley Dr. Harry Enke Dr. Norbert Jakowski Dr Germany Ireland Germany Germany UK Ireland Germany UK Ireland associated memb. Prof. Dr. John Brown Dr

39

Anti-phase domains in cubic GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The existence of anti-phase domains in cubic GaN grown on 3C-SiC/Si (001) substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy is reported. The influence of the 3C-SiC/Si (001) substrate morphology is studied with emphasis on the anti-phase domains (APDs). The GaN nucleation is governed by the APDs of the substrate, resulting in equal plane orientation and the same anti-phase boundaries. The presence of the APDs is independent of the GaN layer thickness. Atomic force microscopy surface analysis indicates lateral growth anisotropy of GaN facets in dependence of the APD orientation. This anisotropy can be linked to Ga and N face types of the {l_brace}111{r_brace} planes, similar to observations of anisotropic growth in 3C-SiC. In contrast to 3C-SiC, however, a difference in GaN phase composition for the two types of APDs can be measured by electron backscatter diffraction, {mu}-Raman and cathodoluminescence spectroscopy.

Maria Kemper, Ricarda; Schupp, Thorsten; Haeberlen, Maik; Lindner, Joerg; Josef As, Donat [University of Paderborn, Department of Physics, Warburger Str. 100, D-33098 Paderborn (Germany); Niendorf, Thomas; Maier, Hans-Juergen [University of Paderborn, Lehrstuhl fuer Werkstoffkunde, Pohlweg 47-49, D-33098 Paderborn (Germany); Dempewolf, Anja; Bertram, Frank; Christen, Juergen [University of Magdeburg, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, P.O. Box 4120, D-39016 Magdeburg (Germany); Kirste, Ronny; Hoffmann, Axel [Technische Universitaet Berlin, Institute of Solid State Physics, Hardenbergstr. 36, D-10623 Berlin (Germany)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

Maskless lateral epitaxial overgrowth of GaN on sapphire  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors demonstrate a technique of lateral epitaxial overgrowth (LEO) of GaN, termed maskless LEO, in which no mask is deposited prior to LEO regrowth. Instead, a bulk (> 2 {micro}m) GaN layer on sapphire is selectively dry etched, leaving {approximately} 5 {micro}m-wide stripe mesas oriented in the <10{bar 1}0>{sub GaN} direction, with a 20 {micro}m period. These stripes serve as seeds for LEO GaN growth, which proceeds from the tops of the stripes and expands laterally, resulting in a T, or overhang, morphology. As for LEO over an SiO{sub 2} mask, significant defect reduction (from {approximately} 10{sup 9} cm{sup {minus}2} to {approximately} 10{sup 6} cm{sup {minus}2}) is observed in cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Atomic force microscopy of the top surface of the LEO GaN reveals that no threading dislocations with screw component terminate at the surfaces of laterally overgrown regions. X-ray diffraction measurements reveal that the wings exhibit a crystallographic tilt away from the seed regions in an azimuth perpendicular to the stripe direction; the tilt angle ({approximately} 0.4--0.5{degree}) is relatively independent of growth temperature and wing aspect ratio.

Fini, P.; Marchand, H.; Ibbetson, J.P.; Moran, B.; Zhao, L.; Denbaars, S.P.; Speck, J.S.; Mishra, U.K.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Pulsed laser annealing of Be-implanted GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Postimplantation thermal processing of Be in molecular-beam-epitaxy-grown GaN by rapid thermal annealing (RTA) and pulsed laser annealing (PLA) was investigated. It has been found that the activation of Be dopants and the repair of implantation-induced defects in GaN films cannot be achieved efficiently by conventional RTA alone. On the other hand, good dopant activation and surface morphology and quality were obtained when the Be-implanted GaN film was annealed by PLA with a 248 nm KrF excimer laser. However, observations of off-resonant micro-Raman and high-resolution x-ray-diffraction spectra indicated that crystal defects and strain resulting from Be implantation were still existent after PLA, which probably degraded the carrier mobility and limited the activation efficiency to some extent. This can be attributed to the shallow penetration depth of the 248 nm laser in GaN, which only repaired the crystal defects in a thin near-surface layer, while the deeper defects were not annealed out well. This situation was significantly improved when the Be-implanted GaN was subjected to a combined process of PLA followed by RTA, which produced good activation of the dopants, good surface morphology, and repaired bulk and surface defects well.

Wang, H.T.; Tan, L.S.; Chor, E.F. [Centre for Optoelectronics, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Performing the Jewish body in contemporary Germany.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The dissertation explores the work of Tanya Ury and Esther Dischereit as political interventional, contemporary, Jewish art in Germany. Ury and Dischereit analyze the power… (more)

Brungs, Juliette

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Properties of H, O and C in GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrical properties of the light ion impurities H, O and C in GaN have been examined in both as-grown and implanted material. H is found to efficiently passivate acceptors such as Mg, Ca and C. Reactivation occurs at {ge} 450 C and is enhanced by minority carrier injection. The hydrogen does not leave the GaN crystal until > 800 C, and its diffusivity is relatively high ({approximately} 10{sup {minus}11} cm{sup 2}/s) even at low temperatures (< 200 C) during injection by wet etching, boiling in water or plasma exposure. Oxygen shows a low donor activation efficiency when implanted into GaN, with an ionization level of 30--40 meV. It is essentially immobile up to 1,100 C. Carbon can produce low p-type levels (3 {times} 10{sup 17} cm{sup {minus}3}) in GaN during MOMBE, although there is some evidence it may also create n-type conduction in other nitrides.

Pearton, S.J.; Abernathy, C.R.; Lee, J.W. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)] [and others

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Fourth International Workshop on Termination Dagstuhl, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fourth International Workshop on Termination WST '99 Dagstuhl, Germany May 10­12, 1999 Abstracts #12; Fourth International Workshop on Termination WST '99 Dagstuhl, Germany May 10­12, 1999 Abstracts, The Netherlands) #12; Contents Hans Zantema The Termination Hierarchy for Term Rewriting

Giesl, Juergen

45

M/M/1 Queueing System with Delayed Controlled Vacation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M/M/1 Queueing System with Delayed Controlled Vacation Yonglu Deng , Zhongshan University W. John systems using a time division multiple access (TDMA) scheme (Frey and Takahashi, [7]). Researchers have that of a server's cold switch-on. The case of delayed vacation has also very recently been studied by Frey

Zhao, Yiqiang Q.

46

M1 internship account On update schedules and dynamics of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M1 internship account 2007-2008 On update schedules and dynamics of boolean networks Mathilde Noual Internship done at the university of Concepción under the direction of Julio Aracena hal-00688157,version1 network rely on several dierent parameters. During this internship, we have especially been looking

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

47

Part I -Mechanics J05M.1 -Rope Around a Cylinder J05M.1 -Rope Around a Cylinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

slipping? Explain why a small child can hold a large ocean liner in place using a device like this. µs f F with = 1016 s-1 ( 106 Ohm-1 m-1 in SI units) reflects 90% of the incident radiation. Assume the and µ

Petta, Jason

48

Structural defects in GaN revealed by Transmission Electron Microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews the various types of structural defects observed by Transmission Electron Microscopy in GaN heteroepitaxial layers grown on foreign substrates and homoepitaxial layers grown on bulk GaN substrates. The structural perfection of these layers is compared to the platelet self-standing crystals grown by High Nitrogen Pressure Solution. Defects in undoped and Mg doped GaN are discussed. Some models explaining the formation of inversion domains in heavily Mg doped layers that are possible defects responsible for the difficulties of p-doping in GaN are also reviewed.

Liliental-Weber, Zuzanna

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

49

The E2/M1 ratio in {Delta} photoproduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New high-precision measurements of p({rvec {gamma}}, {pi}) and p({rvec {gamma}}, {gamma}) cross sections and beam asymmetries have been combined with other polarization ratios in a simultaneous analysis of both reactions. The E2/M1 mixing ratio for the n {r_arrow} {Delta} transition extracted from this analysis is EMR = {minus}3.0% {+-} 0.3 (stat+sys) {+-} 0.2 (model).

Hoblit, S. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Physics Dept.]|[Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Blanpied, G. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States). Dept. of Physics; Blecher, M. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Physics Dept.] [and others; LEGS Collaboration

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

The E2/M1 ratio in {Delta} photoproduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The properties of the transition from the nucleon to the {Delta}(1232) serve as a benchmark for models of nucleon structure. To first order, N {r_arrow} {Delta} photo-excitation is dominated by a simple M1 quark spin-flip transition. At higher order, small L = 2 components in the N and {Delta} wavefunctions allow this excitation to proceed via an electric quadrupole transition. Since Nucleon models differ greatly on the mechanisms used to generate these L = 2 components,, the ratio of E2/M1 transitions (EMR) provides a sensitive test for structure models. Here, new high-precision measurements of p({rvec {gamma}}, {pi}) and p({rvec {gamma}}, {gamma}) cross sections and beam asymmetries have been combined with other polarization ratios in a simultaneous analysis of both reactions. Compton scattering has provided two important new constraints on the photo-pion amplitude. The E2/M1 mixing ratio for the N {r_arrow} {Delta} transition extracted from this analysis is EMR = {minus}3.0% {+-} 0.3 (stat+sys) {+-} 0.2 (model).

Sandorfi, A.M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Physics Dept.; Blanpied, G. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States). Dept. of Physics; Blecher, M. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Physics Dept.] [and others; LEGS Collaboration

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

HOTEL ACCOMMODATIONS SUMMER EUROPEAN ACADEMY 2014 Passau (Germany, Bavaria)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HOTEL ACCOMMODATIONS SUMMER EUROPEAN ACADEMY 2014 Passau (Germany, Bavaria): Hotel Weisser Hase: +49 851 9211 100 info@weisser-hase.de Munich (Germany, Bavaria): NH Deutscher Kaiser http://www.nh Germany Tel. +49 89 54 530 Email: nhdeutscherkaiser@nh-hotels.com Garmisch (Germany, Bavaria): Garmischer

Bermúdez, José Luis

52

Hexagonal Growth Spirals on GaN Grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy: Kinetics vs Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prepared, Ga-polar GaN(0001) templates. The surface morphology was studied using reflection high-energy-edge energy of 0.26 eV/Ã?. They suggest that local conditions at step edges dominate the growth. 1 conducted ex situ using AFM. Desorption mass spectrometry (DMS) was used to measure the GaN growth rate. Our

Cohen, Philip I.

53

K.K. Gan Opto-Link PRR 1 Status of Opto-Board Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

irradiation) LVDS fall time (after irradiation) Optical signal 4 rise and fall times after irradiation Results l Irradiation Results l Conclusions #12;K.K. Gan Opto-Link PRR 3 Opto-link #12;K.K. Gan Opto-Link PRR 4 l converts: optical signal ÷ electrical signal l provide 7 optical links: P disks and 50

Gan, K. K.

54

K.K. Gan HEP2007 1 Radiation-Hard Optical Link for SLHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of fusion spliced SIMM-GRIN fiber Radiation hardness of PIN/VCSEL arrays Results on MT-style optical What is rise/fall time after irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What currentK.K. Gan HEP2007 1 Radiation-Hard Optical Link for SLHC July 20, 2007 W. Fernando, K.K. Gan, A. Law

Gan, K. K.

55

K.K. Gan Pixel Engineering Layout 1 Optical Link Layout Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optical-link locations Predictions of degradation in fibers Predictions of degradation in VCSEL for r > 110 cm Loss calculated for Corning Infinicor GRIN fiber Fibers irradiated with gammas fromK.K. Gan Pixel Engineering Layout 1 Optical Link Layout Options K.K. Gan The Ohio State

Gan, K. K.

56

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Summary of Optical Link R&D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Hardness of Optical Fiber Corning Infinicor GRIN fiber irradiated with 's from Co60 Attenuation parameterized into optical signal for transmission in fibers PINs convert optical signal into electrical signal PlanK.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Summary of Optical Link R&D K.K. Gan The Ohio State

Gan, K. K.

57

Controlled oxygen doping of GaN using plasma assisted molecular-beam epitaxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controlled oxygen doping of GaN using plasma assisted molecular-beam epitaxy A. J. Ptak, L. J-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy to study the dependence of oxygen incorporation on polarity and oxygen partial pressure. Oxygen incorporates at a rate ten times faster on nitrogen-polar GaN than on the Ga polarity

Myers, Tom

58

K.K. Gan Siena02 1 The Ohio State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.K. Gan Siena02 6 l Decode Bi-Phase Mark encoded (BPM) clock and command signals from PIN diode l Input Error Rate (BER): BPM #12;K.K. Gan Siena02 7 l Training period: ~25 ms of 20 MHz clock (BPM with no data) DORIC Logic ] Ready

Gan, K. K.

59

UGA in Germany UGA has long maintained an extensive network of connections to Germany, sending numerous students and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UGA in Germany July 2012 UGA has long maintained an extensive network of connections to Germany of the best universities in Germany to develop critical research. Student Exchanges: UGA has longstanding on exchange to Germany for an immersive semester or year-long experience. In return, UGA has hosted

Hall, Daniel

60

Pinhole Glasses Giuseppe Colicchia, Physics Education, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany Martin Hopf, Physics Education, Ludwig-Maximilians University, University Munich, Germany Hartmut Wiesner, Physics Education, Ludwig-Maximilians University, University Munich, Germany Dean Zollman

Zollman, Dean

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

International Family Business Succession Planning. Recent Developments in Germany and Spain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tools of transmission in Germany 2.1. Power of attorney postas being unconstitutional. 33 Germany's Constitutional CourtRecent Developments in Germany and Spain Business Roland

Krause, Roland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Times of the Event: On the Aesthetico-Political in West Germany and Austria circa 1968  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Consumer Culture. ” In West Germany under Construction:Cinema in Democratizing Germany: Reconstructing NationalHeritage: Video Art in Germany from 1963 to the Present.

Weiner, Andrew Stefan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

At the Nexus of Social Policy and Capital Markets: Pension Reform and Enterprise Governance in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Company Pension Schemes in Germany,” Monthly Report, March.2001. “Pension Reform in Germany,” draft chapter in R. Kentof Stakeholderism in Germany,”forthcoming, Industrielle

Ziegler, J. Nicholas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

College/University: 1998 -2004 University of Kaiserslautern (Germany)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Education College/University: 1998 - 2004 University of Kaiserslautern (Germany) Diploma in Biology, billard, card-games, soccer, First name: Niels Last name: Heinz Date of birth: 07.02.1978 Country: Germany

Manstein, Dietmar J.

65

Interpolation Search for Point Cloud Intersection University of Paderborn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

janklein@uni-paderborn.de Gabriel Zachmann University of Bonn, Germany zach@cs.uni-bonn.de ABSTRACT We

Zachmann, Gabriel

66

Wage adjustment, competitiveness and unemployment East Germany after unification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wage adjustment, competitiveness and unemployment ­ East Germany after unification Werner Smolny years after unification large differences of the labor market situation in East and West Germany persist adjustment in East Germany and the resulting development of competitiveness and unemployment differentials

Pfeifer, Holger

67

Following Germany's Lead: Using International Monetary Linkages to Estimate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following Germany's Lead: Using International Monetary Linkages to Estimate the Effect of Monetary to countries with the weakest economic ties to Germany. We thank participants at the 2004 NBER Summer Workshop (2001). 2 Many European countries followed Germany's lead in setting their monetary policy during our

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

68

Germany Picks Up Scent of In Solving Naples's Trash Crisis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Germany Picks Up Scent of Profit In Solving Naples's Trash Crisis By STACY MEICHTRY and ALMUT incinerators across Germany that have recently cut deals with the Italian government to burn up to 200,000 tons in northern Germany charge between 150 and 250 ($237 to $394) to incinerate one ton of waste, estimates

Columbia University

69

Simplified Planning Regulations in Germany and the Effects of Landslides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simplified Planning Regulations in Germany and the Effects of Landslides BODO DAMM Georg-August-University Go¨ ttingen, Department of Physical Geography, Go¨ ttingen, Germany (Received November 2005; revised¨ ttingen, Department of Physical Geography, Goldschmidtstra�e 5, D-37077 Go¨ ttingen, Germany. Email: bdamm

Damm, Bodo

70

Klaus Pawelzik1, 2* Centre for Cognitive Sciences, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Klaus Pawelzik1, 2* 1 Centre for Cognitive Sciences, Germany 2 University of Bremen, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Germany Financial markets are believed to be efficient in incorporating available and Movement, Giessen, Germany, 19 May - 22 May, 2010. Presentation Type: Poster Presentation Topic: Posters

Kreiter, Andreas K.

71

Germany Inspires Innovation --Welcome to Europe's Leader in Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germany Inspires Innovation -- Welcome to Europe's Leader in Science #12;Welcome to the Land of Ideas Excellence in research and development Germany is the number one location for research in Europe. Germany's unique scientific tradi- tion and great variety of research offer ideal conditions--not only

Kersting, Kristian

72

March 29 31, 2012 University of Paderborn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference March 29 ­ 31, 2012 University of Paderborn, Germany Room B 3.231 supported by the DFG:30 | John Peters | Iowa, USA 03:30 | Gabriele Schabacher | Siegen, Germany 05:00 | Jana Mangold | Erfurt, Germany 06:00 | Menahem Blondheim | Elihu Katz | Jerusalem, Israel 09:30 | Grant David Bollmer | Chapel

Paderborn, Universität

73

HTST 413.02 Modern Germany: 1870-Present  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HTST 413.02 Modern Germany: 1870-Present Summer 2012 MW 12:00-14:45 Instructor: Mikkel Dack Two - German history is anything but dull. Historically, Germany has been a country torn between the political and the Holocaust; Allied occupation; the division of Germany; the GDR and the German communist ideal

Habib, Ayman

74

GER 320 (Germany Today) Course Outcomes and Programmatic Alignment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 GER 320 (Germany Today) Course Outcomes and Programmatic Alignment Students will be able, conduct presentations, and produce texts relevant to contemporary issues in Germany and the German-speaking countries Individual and small group presentations Final project on important issues in Germany 1a

Mayfield, John

75

DESY -August 7th 2007, Hamburg, Germany 1 Optically Stimulated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESY - August 7th 2007, Hamburg, Germany 1 Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry Based on Sr, Germany 2 Why OSL ? A bit of History... 1950/1960: first suggestion of OSL as a dosimetry tool 80's years dosimetry system for RADECS Conference INTRODUCTION #12;DESY - August 7th 2007, Hamburg, Germany 3

76

23rd -25th September 2013 Berlin, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23rd - 25th September 2013 Berlin, Germany Sustainable Global Conference on Manufacturing Berlin - Germany Tel.: +49 30 314-25117 Fax: +49 30 314-22759 E-Mail: gcsm@mf.tu-berlin.de Website: www" Germany, on 23rd - 25th September 2013. It will be hosted by Technische Universität Berlin. · Value

Berlin,Technische Universität

77

Thermal annealing characteristics of Si and Mg-implanted GaN thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this letter, we report the results of ion implantation of GaN using {sup 28}Si and {sup 24}Mg species. Structural and electrical characterizations of the GaN thin films after thermal annealing show that native defects in the GaN films dominate over implant doping effects. The formation energies of the annealing induced defects are estimated to range from 1.4 to 3.6 eV. A 40 keV 10{sup 14} cm{sup {minus}2} Mg implant results in the decrease of the free-carrier concentration by three orders of magnitude compared to unimplanted GaN up to an annealing temperature of 690{degree}C. Furthermore, we have observed the correlation between these annealing-induced defects to both improved optical and electrical properties. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Chan, J.S.; Cheung, N.W. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Schloss, L.; Jones, E.; Wong, W.S.; Newman, N.; Liu, X.; Weber, E.R. [Department of Material Science and Mineral Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States)] [Department of Material Science and Mineral Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States); Gassman, A.; Rubin, M.D. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, University of California, Berkeley, California 64720 (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

In-situ ellipsometry: Identification of surface terminations during GaN growth , T. Schmidtling1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 In-situ ellipsometry: Identification of surface terminations during GaN growth C. Cobet1 , T SE, one is not limited to any special bulk or surface symmetry for optical characterisation. In PAMBE

Feenstra, Randall

79

Physics of electrical degradation in GaN high electron mobility transistors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deployment of GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMT) in RF power applications is currently bottlenecked by their limited reliability. Obtaining the required reliability is a difficult issue due to the high voltage ...

Joh, Jungwoo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Watching GaN Nanowires Grow Eric A. Stach,*, Peter J. Pauzauskie, Tevye Kuykendall,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vision, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, and Department of Chemistry, Uni and experimentally demonstrated that congruent sublimation of GaN is possible, which yields diatomic or polymeric

Yang, Peidong

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Light extraction in individual GaN nanowires on Si for LEDs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GaN-based nanowires hold great promise for solid state lighting applications because of their waveguiding properties and the ability to grow nonpolar GaN nanowire-based heterostructures, which could lead to increased light ...

Zhou, Xiang

82

K.K. Gan ATLAS Pixel Week 1 New Results on Opto-Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS Pixel Week 2 Outline l VDC-I5 l VDC/DORIC-I5e l QA l BeO Opto-board l Summary reset from active high to low for ease of implementation by DCS ] slightly better performance at ±3s: Engineering Run #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS Pixel Week 9 l circuit boards: designed/built/tested l LabView programs

Gan, K. K.

83

Low temperature thin film transistors with hollow cathode plasma-assisted atomic layer deposition based GaN channels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report GaN thin film transistors (TFT) with a thermal budget below 250?°C. GaN thin films are grown at 200?°C by hollow cathode plasma-assisted atomic layer deposition (HCPA-ALD). HCPA-ALD-based GaN thin films are found to have a polycrystalline wurtzite structure with an average crystallite size of 9.3?nm. TFTs with bottom gate configuration are fabricated with HCPA-ALD grown GaN channel layers. Fabricated TFTs exhibit n-type field effect characteristics. N-channel GaN TFTs demonstrated on-to-off ratios (I{sub ON}/I{sub OFF}) of 10{sup 3} and sub-threshold swing of 3.3?V/decade. The entire TFT device fabrication process temperature is below 250?°C, which is the lowest process temperature reported for GaN based transistors, so far.

Bolat, S., E-mail: bolat@ee.bilkent.edu.tr, E-mail: aokyay@ee.bilkent.edu.tr; Tekcan, B. [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); UNAM, National Nanotechnology Research Center, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Ozgit-Akgun, C.; Biyikli, N. [UNAM, National Nanotechnology Research Center, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Okyay, A. K., E-mail: bolat@ee.bilkent.edu.tr, E-mail: aokyay@ee.bilkent.edu.tr [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); UNAM, National Nanotechnology Research Center, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey)

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

84

Part I -Mechanics M05M.1 -Vibration Damping With a Piston M05M.1 -Vibration Damping With a Piston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part I - Mechanics M05M.1 - Vibration Damping With a Piston M05M.1 - Vibration Damping With a Piston Problem Sometimes it is required to reduce the influence of vertical floor vibration-filled pistons (which have face area A and equilibrium volume V0). The gas pressure in the cylinder is much

Petta, Jason

85

Germany Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchGeaugaInformation MexicoLLC Jump to: navigation,Germany

86

Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map...

87

15-16 October 2013, Nurnberg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heating supply system lowtemperature: tw2 = 40...45 ° high temperature: tw2 = 80...100 ° water heater: tw2#12;15-16 October 2013, Nurnberg, Germany 2 Heat Pump Technology for Heating supply systems I,46·10-3 Expansion-compression work ratio ls / ls 0,367 0,103 0,076 0,044 Heating water temperatures (in/out), °C 40

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

88

Deposition of CVD diamond onto GaN P.W. May a,*, H.Y. Tsai b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the polycrystalline diamond surface would prevent light from leaking out of the GaN layer and channel it to the endsDeposition of CVD diamond onto GaN P.W. May a,*, H.Y. Tsai b , W.N. Wang c , J.A. Smith a a School performed to deposit continuous layers of CVD diamond onto epitaxial GaN films. Such diamond coatings would

Bristol, University of

89

Oc. 13, 2004Oc. 13, 2004 International Conference of Spatial CognitionInternational Conference of Spatial Cognition 2004, Frausenchiemsee, Germany2004, Frausenchiemsee, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Spatial Cognition 2004, Frausenchiemsee, Germany2004, Frausenchiemsee, Germany 11 Recognizing Variable & Informatics University of BremenUniversity of Bremen GermanyGermany #12;Oc. 13, 2004Oc. 13, 2004 International Conference of Spatial CognitionInternational Conference of Spatial Cognition 2004, Frausenchiemsee, Germany

Bremen, Universität

90

Arnstadt, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio Energy CoClimate ProjectsArnstadt, Germany:

91

Berlin, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVentures JumpGermany: Energy Resources Jump

92

Hannover, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany: EnergyPower Finance Jump to:Information ofHannover,

93

Greenpeace Energy Germany | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place: Golden,GreenVoltsGreenpeace Energy Germany Jump to:

94

Micro-Raman and cathodoluminescence studies of epitaxial laterally overgrown GaN with tungsten masks: A method to map the free-carrier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micro-Raman and cathodoluminescence studies of epitaxial laterally overgrown GaN with tungsten properties of two epitaxial-laterally overgrown GaN structures with tungsten masks in 1100 and 1120 direction by tungsten masks3 to prevent the in-diffusion of silicon and oxygen atoms in the overgrown GaN, which

Nabben, Reinhard

95

Journal of Crystal Growth 293 (2006) 273277 A study of semi-insulating GaN grown on AlN buffer/sapphire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-temperature GaN interlayer. In comparison with the normal GaN grown on sapphire, the crystal quality measurement results of GaN grown directly on an AlN buffer indicated that the as-grown-undoped Ga, or high density of edge-type dislocations [6­10]. However, Fe and other heavy metals tend to have reactor

Ozbay, Ekmel

96

Nanostructural engineering of nitride nucleation layers for GaN substrate dislocation reduction.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With no lattice matched substrate available, sapphire continues as the substrate of choice for GaN growth, because of its reasonable cost and the extensive prior experience using it as a substrate for GaN. Surprisingly, the high dislocation density does not appear to limit UV and blue LED light intensity. However, dislocations may limit green LED light intensity and LED lifetime, especially as LEDs are pushed to higher current density for high end solid state lighting sources. To improve the performance for these higher current density LEDs, simple growth-enabled reductions in dislocation density would be highly prized. GaN nucleation layers (NLs) are not commonly thought of as an application of nano-structural engineering; yet, these layers evolve during the growth process to produce self-assembled, nanometer-scale structures. Continued growth on these nuclei ultimately leads to a fully coalesced film, and we show in this research program that their initial density is correlated to the GaN dislocation density. In this 18 month program, we developed MOCVD growth methods to reduce GaN dislocation densities on sapphire from 5 x 10{sup 8} cm{sup -2} using our standard delay recovery growth technique to 1 x 10{sup 8} cm{sup -2} using an ultra-low nucleation density technique. For this research, we firmly established a correlation between the GaN nucleation thickness, the resulting nucleation density after annealing, and dislocation density of full GaN films grown on these nucleation layers. We developed methods to reduce the nuclei density while still maintaining the ability to fully coalesce the GaN films. Ways were sought to improve the GaN nuclei orientation by improving the sapphire surface smoothness by annealing prior to the NL growth. Methods to eliminate the formation of additional nuclei once the majority of GaN nuclei were developed using a silicon nitride treatment prior to the deposition of the nucleation layer. Nucleation layer thickness was determined using optical reflectance and the nucleation density was determined using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Nomarski microscopy. Dislocation density was measured using X-ray diffraction and AFM after coating the surface with silicon nitride to delineate all dislocation types. The program milestone of producing GaN films with dislocation densities of 1 x 10{sup 8} cm{sup -2} was met by silicon nitride treatment of annealed sapphire followed by the multiple deposition of a low density of GaN nuclei followed by high temperature GaN growth. Details of this growth process and the underlying science are presented in this final report along with problems encountered in this research and recommendations for future work.

Koleske, Daniel David; Lee, Stephen Roger; Lemp, Thomas Kerr; Coltrin, Michael Elliott; Cross, Karen Charlene; Thaler, Gerald

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Effect of Trapping on the Critical Voltage for Degradation in GaN High Electron Mobility Transistors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conditions, UV illumination decreases the critical voltage for the onset of degradation in gate current in Ga traps in the fresh state. Keywords­ GaN HEMTs, critical voltage, degradation, UV illuminationEffect of Trapping on the Critical Voltage for Degradation in GaN High Electron Mobility

del Alamo, Jesús A.

98

Contributions to the FEL2001 Conference, August 20-24, 2001 in Darmstadt, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contributions to the FEL2001 Conference, August 20-24, 2001 in Darmstadt, Germany October 2001¨ustefeld , (BESSY, Berlin, Germany), ¡ (DESY, Hamburg, Germany), ¢ (UCLA, Los Angeles, USA), £ (MBI, Berlin, Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 V. Balandin, N. Golubeva, M. K¨orfer (DESY, Hamburg, Germany) Studies of Beam Optics

99

Interregional Migration in Germany: Characteristics and Effects for Regions and Migrants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interregional Migration in Germany: Characteristics and Effects for Regions and Migrants Christian of economic activity in East Germany initiated enormous migration flows from East to West Germany. People from East Germany moved towards West Germany, where wages are higher and em- ployment opportunities are more

Pfeifer, Holger

100

Synthesis, morphology and optical properties of GaN and AlGaN semiconductor nanostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hexagonal Gallium Nitride (GaN) and Aluminum Gallium Nitride (AlGaN) nanoparticles were synthesized by sol-gel method using Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic acid (EDTA) complex route. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) analysis confirms the hexagonal wurtzite structure of GaN and Al{sub 0.25}Ga{sub 0.75}N nanoparticles. Surface morphology and elemental analysis were carried out by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The room temperature Photoluminescence (PL) study shows the near band edge emission for GaN at 3.35 eV and at 3.59 eV for AlGaN nanoparticles. The Aluminum (Al) composition of 20% has been obtained from PL emission around 345 nm.

Kuppulingam, B., E-mail: drbaskar2009@gmail.com; Singh, Shubra, E-mail: drbaskar2009@gmail.com; Baskar, K., E-mail: drbaskar2009@gmail.com [Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University, Chennai-600025 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ASSIMILATION IN A NEW CONTEXT: THE ROLE OF ORIGIN AND NATIONALITY ON SECOND GENERATION EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT IN GERMANY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

among "Labor Migrants" in Germany“ International Migrationfor labor migrants in Germany,” International Migrationthe former Soviet Union to Germany: Background, trends and

Luthra, Renee Reichl

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Multilingual Development in Germany in the Crossfire of Ideology and Politics: Monolingual and Multilingual Expectations, Polylingual Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2008. MiGazin. Migration in Germany. “Merkel sagt ‘Ja’ zuW. “Multilingual development in Germany in the crossfire ofand citizenship in Germany: discourses on integration and

Pfaff, Carol W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Ge doped GaN with controllable high carrier concentration for plasmonic applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Controllable Ge doping in GaN is demonstrated for carrier concentrations of up to 2.4?×?10{sup 20} cm{sup ?3}. Low temperature luminescence spectra from the highly doped samples reveal band gap renormalization and band filling (Burstein-Moss shift) in addition to a sharp transition. Infrared ellipsometry spectra demonstrate the existence of electron plasma with an energy around 3500?cm{sup ?1} and a surface plasma with an energy around 2000?cm{sup ?1}. These findings open possibilities for the application of highly doped GaN for plasmonic devices.

Kirste, Ronny; Hoffmann, Marc P.; Sachet, Edward; Bobea, Milena; Bryan, Zachary; Bryan, Isaac; Maria, Jon-Paul; Collazo, Ramón; Sitar, Zlatko [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7919 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7919 (United States); Nenstiel, Christian; Hoffmann, Axel [Institut f?r Festkörperphsyik, TU-Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 36, 10623 Berlin (Germany)] [Institut f?r Festkörperphsyik, TU-Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 36, 10623 Berlin (Germany)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

104

Nucleation and Growth of GaN on GaAs (001) Substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nucleation of GaN thin films on GaAs is investigated for growth at 620 "C. An rf plasma cell is used to generate chemically active nitrogen from N2. An arsenic flux is used in the first eight monolayer of nitride growth to enhance nucleation of the cubic phase. Subsequent growth does not require an As flux to preserve the cubic phase. The nucleation of smooth interfaces and GaN films with low stacking fault densities is dependent upon relative concentrations of active nitrogen species in the plasma and on the nitrogen to gallium flux ratio.

Drummond, Timothy J.; Hafich, Michael J.; Heller, Edwin J.; Lee, Stephen R.; Liliental-Weber, Zuzanna; Ruvimov, Sergei; Sullivan, John P.

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

105

X-ray detectors based on GaN Schottky diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GaN Schottky diodes have been fabricated and tested as x-ray detectors in the range from 6 to 21 keV. The spectral response has been measured and is compared to its theoretical value. The study of the response and its temporal dynamics as a function of the bias allows to identify a photovoltaic behavior at low bias and a photoconductive one at larger reverse biases. The GaN diode turned out to be linear as a function of the incident power. The noise and detectivity are given and discussed.

Duboz, Jean-Yves; Frayssinet, Eric; Chenot, Sebastien [CRHEA, CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, F-06560 Valbonne (France); Reverchon, Jean-Luc [THALES R and T, Campus Polytechnique, 1 avenue Augustin Fresnel, F-91767 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Idir, Mourad [Synchrotron SOLEIL L'Orme des Merisiers, Saint-Aubin-BP 48 91192, GIF-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

106

Design and Experimental Characterization of an Erbium Doped GaN Waveguide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temperatures as compared to other semiconductor host materials such as Si and GaAs. 1540nm optical emission in Er- doped waveguide has also been demonstrated using a 365nm light emitting diode as the optical pumping source. UV pumping above the GaN bandgap....9 eV In Table 2 - 1, GaN is the semiconductor material with the largest bandgap (SiO2 is not a semiconductor), which has proven to be an accomplished host of erbium, with reports of fabrication of light- emitting diodes operating in the visible...

Wang, Qian

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

107

Partially filled intermediate band of Cr-doped GaN films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the band structure of sputtered Cr-doped GaN (GaCrN) films using optical absorption, photoelectron yield spectroscopy, and charge transport measurements. It was found that an additional energy band is formed in the intrinsic band gap of GaN upon Cr doping, and that charge carriers in the material move in the inserted band. Prototype solar cells showed enhanced short circuit current and open circuit voltage in the n-GaN/GaCrN/p-GaN structure compared to the GaCrN/p-GaN structure, which validates the proposed concept of an intermediate-band solar cell.

Sonoda, S. [Department of Electronics, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto 606-8585 (Japan)

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

108

28.99.99.M1 Student Health Services Page 1 of 1 UNIVERSITY RULE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Department of Student Health Services (A.P. Beutel Health Center) is an ambulatory health care provider serving the Texas A&M University student body through the provision of primary health care services28.99.99.M1 Student Health Services Page 1 of 1 UNIVERSITY RULE 28.99.99.M1 Student Health Services

109

Alister John Miskimmon, University of Birmingham. RECASTING THE SECURITY BARGAINS: GERMANY, EUROPEAN SECURITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alister John Miskimmon, University of Birmingham. RECASTING THE SECURITY BARGAINS: GERMANY recent developments in European Union (EU) security policy and their implications for Germany's bilateral of a greater EU security capability has significantly affected Germany's bilateral relations with the USA

Sheldon, Nathan D.

110

Spring 2012 Ger 3501: Contemporary Germany "Environmental Debates--Food, Energy, Politics"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spring 2012 Ger 3501: Contemporary Germany "Environmental Debates--Food, Energy, Politics" Course, interpret, and appreciate literary and multi-media texts related to contemporary Germany and environmental, and personal communications). Contemporary Germany/Global Environmental Topics Charlotte Melin, University

Amin, S. Massoud

111

Integrated modelling and assessment of regional groundwater resources in Germany and Benin, West Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Integrated modelling and assessment of regional groundwater resources in Germany and Benin, West.J.S. SONNEVELD [1] Institute of Hydraulic Engineering, Universitaet Stuttgart, Germany (Roland Conservation University of Bonn, Germany [3] Institute of Landscape Planning and Ecology, University

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

112

NCCR Trade Regulation Brown Bag Series Dr Franziska Humbert, Policy Advisor Corporate Social Responsibility, Oxfam Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Social Responsibility, Oxfam Germany International Constitutionalism and Child Labour Wednesday, 23, Policy Advisor Corporate Social Responsibility, Oxfam Germany. Abstract The postdoctoral thesis builds of the Speaker Franziska Humbert is a policy advisor on corporate social responsibility at Oxfam Germany

Richner, Heinz

113

Climate change effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chill for fruit crops in Germany Abstract To quantify thechange on fruit production in Germany, this study aimed atof typical winter chill in Germany around 2010, as well as

Luedeling, Eike; Blanke, Michael; Gebauer, Jens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

‘All one could desire’ British women remember life in post war Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of being British in Germany was not experienced in the sameremember life in post war Germany My PhD thesis attempts toof the British occupation of Germany which took place 1945-

Easingwood, Ruth

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Tax Morale after the Reunification of Germany: Results from a Quasi-Natural Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Morale Development in Germany (1990, 1997, 1999) WEIGHTEDTable 8: Tax Morale in West Germany 1981 and 1990 WEIGHTED2005) Black Activities in Germany in 2001 and in 2004: A

Feld, Lars P.; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Making and Unmaking Money: Economic Planning and the Collapse of East Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the Collapse of East Germany Jonathan R. Zatlin BostonGermans were visiting West Germany a year, while around 35is permitted to travel to West Germany, and when he returns,

Zatlin, Jonathan R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

from the society: 7th International Conference of the IBS to be held in Bayreuth, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13–15 March 2013 – Göttingen, Germany   4–5 August 2013 – IBS to be held in Bayreuth,  Germany  The  International in  northern Bavaria, Germany, in early January 2015.   The 

Gavin, Daniel G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Moral Philosophy and the Origins of Modern Aesthetic Theory in Scotland and Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stiftungen. Halle/Saale, Germany. BL British Library.Aufklärung. Halle/Saale, Germany, 9 Dezember 2009. Grunert,depravity of man. In both Germany and Scotland between the

Grote, Simon William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

E-Print Network 3.0 - assembly hamburg germany Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hamburg germany Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: assembly hamburg germany Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Curriculum vitae Name: Arne...

120

GEA Refrigeration Technologies / GEA Refrigeration Germany GmbH Wolfgang Dietrich / Dr. Ole Fredrich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEA Refrigeration Technologies / GEA Refrigeration Germany GmbH Wolfgang Dietrich / Dr. Ole Technologies3 Achema 2012 // heat pumps using ammonia Industrial demand on heat in Germany Heatdemandin

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

E-Print Network 3.0 - area germany final Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

germany final Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: area germany final Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Innovation Community Program Overview...

122

The development and evaluation of a sensitive minicolumn assay for the detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M1 (CSID-M1) in milk has been developed in our laboratory. In this new method, aflatoxin M1 (AfM1) is selectively adsorbed in a small glass minicolumn at the interface of a layer of packed neutral sand and a narrow band of magnesium silicate (or...

Cathey, Carol Grmela

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Piezo-Phototronic Effect on Electroluminescence Properties of p-Type GaN Thin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significance on the practical applications of GaN in optoelectronic devices under a working environment where,9 Recent studies have shown its applications in improving the performance of optoelectronic devices based result in great influence for this most popular III-V semiconductor used in optoelectronic devices

Wang, Zhong L.

124

Optimal Decentralized Protocol for Electric Vehicle Charging Lingwen Gan Ufuk Topcu Steven Low  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- Motivated by the power-grid-side challenges in the integration of electric vehicles, we proposeOptimal Decentralized Protocol for Electric Vehicle Charging Lingwen Gan Ufuk Topcu Steven Low a decentralized protocol for negotiating day-ahead charging schedules for electric vehicles. The overall goal

Low, Steven H.

125

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Nov 5, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upgrade Workshop 5 Optical Fiber Irradiation Corning Infinicor GRIN fiber irradiated with 's from Co60 Upgrade Workshop 6 Optical Fiber Irradiation assume L = 3,000 fb-1 including safety factor of 1 Radiation-Hardness of Optical Components #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 2 Outline

Gan, K. K.

126

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Irradiation Results and Transmission on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power vs Dosage all VCSELs still produce optical power at SLHC dosage should irradiate at lower Workshop 14 Post-Irradiation Analysis all arrays except ULM 5 G still produce optical power post-irradiationK.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Upgrade Workshop 1 Irradiation Results and Transmission on Small Cables

Gan, K. K.

127

Fermi Level Control of Point Defects During Growth of Mg-Doped GaN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and photodetectors have been developed, but the optical transitions in GaN:Mg are still not well under- stood.2 Mg.1007/s11664-012-2342-9 Ã? 2012 TMS #12;irradiation during growth affected the material, but the nature demonstrate point defect control in Mg-doped GaN, by UV irradiation during growth. First, details

Nabben, Reinhard

128

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Ungrade Workshop 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/fall time after irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What current is needed for annealing Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers and Radiation Hardness of PIN/VCSEL Dec 8, 2006 W. Fernando, K.K. Gan, A. Law, H Bandwidth of micro twisted-pair cables Bandwidth of fusion spliced SIMM-GRIN fibers Radiation hardness

Gan, K. K.

129

K.K. Gan IPRD06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A or more What is rise/fall time after irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What currentK.K. Gan IPRD06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables and Fusion Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers Introduction Bandwidth of micro twisted-pair cables Bandwidth of fusion spliced SIMM-GRIN fibers Radiation

Gan, K. K.

130

Reverse-bias leakage current reduction in GaN Schottky diodes by electrochemical surface treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reverse-bias leakage current reduction in GaN Schottky diodes by electrochemical surface treatment Received 15 July 2002; accepted 27 December 2002 An electrochemical surface treatment has been developed to the large power consumption and noise levels that can be present in circuits that incorporate such devices.1

Yu, Edward T.

131

VISIBLE AND INFRARED RARE-EARTH ACTIVATED ELECTROLUMINESCENCE FROM ERBIUM DOPED GaN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. At the same time novel work is being conducted using rare earth elements as sources of light emission. Results. III-V semiconductors doped with rare-earth elements have also been used10VISIBLE AND INFRARED RARE-EARTH ACTIVATED ELECTROLUMINESCENCE FROM ERBIUM DOPED GaN M. Garter*, R

Steckl, Andrew J.

132

An Effective Subdivision Algorithm for Diffuse Scattering of Ray Tracing Mingming Gan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Electrical and Information Technology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden Contact: gan@ftw.at Abstract Accurate modeling of electromagnetic wave propagation by means of ray tracing (RT) includes by evaluating the power delay profile (PDP), delay spread and angular spread. 1 Introduction Diffuse scattering

Zemen, Thomas

133

Lattice Protein Folding With Two and Four-Body Statistical Hin Hark Gan,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lattice Protein Folding With Two and Four-Body Statistical Potentials Hin Hark Gan,1 Alexander/sequence compatibility of proteins,5,6 homology modeling,7 and protein folding simulations.8 ­10 Currently, most structures. Multibody potentials may help improve our understanding of the cooperativity of protein folding

Schlick, Tamar

134

Tunnel-injection GaN quantum dot ultraviolet light-emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a GaN quantum dot ultraviolet light-emitting diode that uses tunnel injection of carriers through AlN barriers into the active region. The quantum dot heterostructure is grown by molecular beam epitaxy on AlN templates. The large lattice mismatch between GaN and AlN favors the formation of GaN quantum dots in the Stranski-Krastanov growth mode. Carrier injection by tunneling can mitigate losses incurred in hot-carrier injection in light emitting heterostructures. To achieve tunnel injection, relatively low composition AlGaN is used for n- and p-type layers to simultaneously take advantage of effective band alignment and efficient doping. The small height of the quantum dots results in short-wavelength emission and are simultaneously an effective tool to fight the reduction of oscillator strength from quantum-confined Stark effect due to polarization fields. The strong quantum confinement results in room-temperature electroluminescence peaks at 261 and 340 nm, well above the 365 nm bandgap of bulk GaN. The demonstration opens the doorway to exploit many varied features of quantum dot physics to realize high-efficiency short-wavelength light sources.

Verma, Jai; Kandaswamy, Prem Kumar; Protasenko, Vladimir; Verma, Amit; Grace Xing, Huili; Jena, Debdeep [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

135

Broadband Wireless Internet Access in Public Transportation1 Andreas Roos, University of Applied Sciences Leipzig, 04277 Leipzig, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sciences Leipzig, 04277 Leipzig, Germany Nico Bayer, University of Applied Sciences Friedberg, 61169 Friedberg, Germany Dmitry Sivchenko, University of Applied Sciences Friedberg, 61169 Friedberg, Germany Michael Flegl, University of Applied Sciences Leipzig, 04277 Leipzig, Germany Profn. Dr. Sabine Wieland

Rakocevic, Veselin

136

Ultra High p-doping Material Research for GaN Based Light Emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal of the Project is to investigate doping mechanisms in p-type GaN and AlGaN and controllably fabricate ultra high doped p-GaN materials and epitaxial structures. Highly doped p-type GaN-based materials with low electrical resistivity and abrupt doping profiles are of great importance for efficient light emitters for solid state lighting (SSL) applications. Cost-effective hydride vapor phase epitaxial (HVPE) technology was proposed to investigate and develop p-GaN materials for SSL. High p-type doping is required to improve (i) carrier injection efficiency in light emitting p-n junctions that will result in increasing of light emitting efficiency, (ii) current spreading in light emitting structures that will improve external quantum efficiency, and (iii) parameters of Ohmic contacts to reduce operating voltage and tolerate higher forward currents needed for the high output power operation of light emitters. Highly doped p-type GaN layers and AlGaN/GaN heterostructures with low electrical resistivity will lead to novel device and contact metallization designs for high-power high efficiency GaN-based light emitters. Overall, highly doped p-GaN is a key element to develop light emitting devices for the DOE SSL program. The project was focused on material research for highly doped p-type GaN materials and device structures for applications in high performance light emitters for general illumination P-GaN and p-AlGaN layers and multi-layer structures were grown by HVPE and investigated in terms of surface morphology and structure, doping concentrations and profiles, optical, electrical, and structural properties. Tasks of the project were successfully accomplished. Highly doped GaN materials with p-type conductivity were fabricated. As-grown GaN layers had concentration N{sub a}-N{sub d} as high as 3 x 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}. Mechanisms of doping were investigated and results of material studies were reported at several International conferences providing better understanding of p-type GaN formation for Solid State Lighting community. Grown p-type GaN layers were used as substrates for blue and green InGaN-based LEDs made by HVPE technology at TDI. These results proved proposed technical approach and facilitate fabrication of highly conductive p-GaN materials by low-cost HVPE technology for solid state lighting applications. TDI has started the commercialization of p-GaN epitaxial materials.

Vladimir Dmitriev

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

137

High Efficiency m-plane LEDs on Low Defect Density Bulk GaN Substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solid-state lighting is a key technology for reduction of energy consumption in the US and worldwide. In principle, by replacing standard incandescent bulbs and other light sources with sources based on light-emitting diodes (LEDs), ultimate energy efficiency can be achieved. The efficiency of LEDs has improved tremendously over the past two decades, however further progress is required for solid- state lighting to reach its full potential. The ability of an LED at converting electricity to light is quantified by its internal quantum efficiency (IQE). The material of choice for visible LEDs is Gallium Nitride (GaN), which is at the basis of blue-emitting LEDs. A key factor limiting the performance of GaN LEDs is the so-called efficiency droop, whereby the IQE of the LED decreases significantly at high current density. Despite decades of research, efficiency droop remains a major issue. Since high-current operation is necessary for practical lighting applications, reducing droop is a major challenge for the scientific community and the LED industry. Our approach to solving the droop issue is the use of newly available low-defect-density bulk GaN non-polar substrates. In contrast to the standard foreign substrates (sapphire, silicon carbide, silicon) used in the industry, we have employed native bulk GaN substrates with very low defect density, thus ensuring exquisite material quality and high IQE. Whereas all commercial LEDs are grown along the c-plane crystal direction of GaN, we have used m-plane non-polar substrates; these drastically modify the physical properties of the LED and enable a reduction of droop. With this approach, we have demonstrated very high IQE performance and low droop. Our results focused on violet and blue LEDs. For these, we have demonstrated very high peak IQEs and current droops of 6% and 10% respectively (up to a high current density of 200A.cm-2). All these results were obtained under electrical operation. These high IQE and low droop values are in line with the program’s milestones. They demonstrate that bulk non-polar GaN substrates represent a disruptive technology for LED performance. Application of this technology to real-world products is feasible, provided that the cost of GaN substrates is compatible with the market’s requirement.

David, Aurelien

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Ab initio density functional theory study of non-polar (101{sup ¯}0),?(112{sup ¯}0) and semipolar (202{sup ¯}1) GaN surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The atomic structures of non-polar GaN(101{sup ¯}0),?(112{sup ¯}0) and semipolar GaN(202{sup ¯}1),?(202{sup ¯}1{sup ¯}) surfaces were studied using ab initio calculations within density functional theory. The bulk-like truncated (1?×?1) structure with buckled Ga-N or Ga-Ga dimers was found stable on the non-polar GaN(101{sup ¯}0) surface in agreement with previous works. Ga-N heterodimers were found energetically stable on the GaN(112{sup ¯}0)-(1?×?1) surface. The formation of vacancies and substitution site defects was found unfavorable for non-polar GaN surfaces. Semipolar GaN(202{sup ¯}1)-(1?×?1) surface unit cells consist of non-polar (101{sup ¯}0) and semipolar (101{sup ¯}1) nano-facets. The (101{sup ¯}1) nano-facets consist of two-fold coordinated atoms, which form N-N dimers within a (2?×?1) surface unit cell on a GaN(202{sup ¯}1) surface. Dimers are not formed on the GaN(202{sup ¯}1{sup ¯}) surface. The stability of the surfaces with single (101{sup ¯}0) or (101{sup ¯}1) nano-facets was analyzed. A single non-polar (101{sup ¯}0)-(1?×?1) nano-facet was found stable on the GaN(202{sup ¯}1) surface, but unstable on the GaN(202{sup ¯}1{sup ¯}) surface. A single (101{sup ¯}1) nano-facet was found unstable. Semipolar GaN surfaces with (202{sup ¯}1) and (202{sup ¯}1{sup ¯}) polarity can be stabilized with a Ga overlayer at Ga-rich experimental conditions.

Mutombo, P.; Romanyuk, O., E-mail: romanyuk@fzu.cz [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Cukrovarnická 10, 16200 Prague (Czech Republic)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

139

Jan Hendrik Bruinier II Anna von Pippich Fabrizio Andreatta -Milan, Italy II Massimo Bertolini -Essen, Germany II Siegfried Bcherer -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massimo Bertolini - Essen, Germany II Siegfried Böcherer - Mannheim, Germany II Thanasis Bouganis - Durham II Jay Jorgenson - New York, USA II Winfried Kohnen - Heidelberg, Germany II Jürg Kramer - Berlin, Germany II Siddarth Sankaran - Bonn, Germany II Maryna Viazovska - Bonn, Germany II Tonghai Yang - Madison

Haller-Dintelmann, Robert

140

The Mormons in Nazi Germany: History and Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of scholars at Brigham Young University. They feared that Hubener's example would incite Mormon youth to rebel against dictators abroad, hurt the church's relations with communist East Germany, and would offend recent German Mormon immigrants in Utah. A few...

Nelson, David Conley 1953-

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Substrate-dependent wetting layer formation during GaN growth: Impact on the morphology of the films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have compared epitaxial growth of GaN films on 6H-SiC(0001)-({radical}(3)x{radical}(3))R30 deg. -Ga and on (0001)-sapphire. Predeposited Ga layers were nitrided by ion beam assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Whereas on SiC the initially deposited Ga covers the substrate surface completely, on sapphire only Ga droplets are present. The different distribution of the predeposited Ga affects the morphology of GaN significantly. Scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy analysis of the grown films show that the complete wetting of the SiC substrate with Ga enhances finally the size and the flatness of GaN terraces and thus the quality of the film. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements reveal that metallic Ga resides also on top of the GaN films during the growth.

Sidorenko, A.; Peisert, H.; Neumann, H.; Chasse, T. [Universitaet Tuebingen, Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Auf der Morgenstelle 8, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Leibniz-Institut fuer Oberflaechenmodifizierung e.V. Permoserstrasse 15, D-04318 Leipzig (Germany); Universitaet Tuebingen, Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Auf der Morgenstelle 8, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

LET THE SUN SHINE: OPTIMAL DEPLOYMENT OF PHOTOVOLTAICS IN GERMANY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/kWh, depending on its location as well as on the size and type of PV system used (EPIA Report, 2011). InvestmentLET THE SUN SHINE: OPTIMAL DEPLOYMENT OF PHOTOVOLTAICS IN GERMANY Anna CRETI Jérôme JOAUG Cahier n:chantal.poujouly@polytechnique.edu hal-00751743,version1-14Nov2012 #12;Let the sun shine: optimal deployment of photovoltaics in Germany

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

Influence of growth temperature and temperature ramps on deep level defect incorporation in m-plane GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dependence of deep level defect incorporation in m-plane GaN films grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition on bulk m-plane GaN substrates as a function of growth temperature (T{sub g}) and T{sub g} ramping method was investigated using deep level optical spectroscopy. Understanding the influence of T{sub g} on GaN deep level incorporation is important for InGaN/GaN multi-quantum well (MQW) light emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes (LDs) because GaN quantum barrier (QB) layers are grown much colder than thin film GaN to accommodate InGaN QW growth. Deep level spectra of low T{sub g} (800?°C) GaN films grown under QB conditions were compared to deep level spectra of high T{sub g} (1150?°C) GaN. Reducing T{sub g}, increased the defect density significantly (>50×) through introduction of emergent deep level defects at 2.09?eV and 2.9?eV below the conduction band minimum. However, optimizing growth conditions during the temperature ramp when transitioning from high to low T{sub g} substantially reduced the density of these emergent deep levels by approximately 40%. The results suggest that it is important to consider the potential for non-radiative recombination in QBs of LED or LD active regions, and tailoring the transition from high T{sub g} GaN growth to active layer growth can mitigate such non-radiative channels.

Armstrong, A. M., E-mail: aarmstr@sandia.gov [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Kelchner, K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Nakamura, S.; DenBaars, S. P. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States) [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Speck, J. S. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

144

Photoluminescence study of the 1.047 eV emission in GaN K. Pressela)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GaN/ AlGaN blue green light emitting diode, which has a much higher quantum efficiency than the SiC blue light emitting diode, became possible.2 Presently the wide bandgap semi- conductor GaN is intensively. Especially the 1.19 eV is very intense. Thus one can think of developing a light emitting diode in the near

Nabben, Reinhard

145

Growth and characterizations of GaN micro-rods on graphene films for flexible light emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the growth of GaN micro-rods and coaxial quantum-well heterostructures on graphene films, together with structural and optical characterization, for applications in flexible optical devices. Graphene films were grown on Cu foil by means of chemical vapor deposition, and used as the substrates for the growth of the GaN micro-rods, which were subsequently transferred onto SiO{sub 2}/Si substrates. Highly Si-doped, n-type GaN micro-rods were grown on the graphene films using metal–organic chemical vapor deposition. The growth and vertical alignment of the GaN micro-rods, which is a critical factor for the fabrication of high-performance light-emitting diodes (LEDs), were characterized using electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The GaN micro-rods exhibited promising photoluminescence characteristics for optoelectronic device applications, including room-temperature stimulated emission. To fabricate flexible LEDs, In{sub x}Ga{sub 1–x}N/GaN multiple quantum wells and a p-type GaN layer were deposited coaxially on the GaN micro-rods, and transferred onto Ag-coated polymer substrates using lift-off. Ti/Au and Ni/Au metal layers were formed to provide electrical contacts to the n-type and p-type GaN regions, respectively. The micro-rod LEDs exhibited intense emission of visible light, even after transfer onto the flexible polymer substrate, and reliable operation was achieved following numerous cycles of mechanical deformation.

Chung, Kunook; Beak, Hyeonjun; Tchoe, Youngbin; Oh, Hongseok; Yi, Gyu-Chul, E-mail: gcyi@snu.ac.kr [Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Institute of Applied Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of); Yoo, Hyobin; Kim, Miyoung [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

AIMS, Dresden, Germany, May 25-28, 2010 Higher Order Operator-Splitting Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AIMS, Dresden, Germany, May 25-28, 2010 Higher Order Operator-Splitting Methods based on Zassenhaus Univerist¨at zu Berlin, D- Berlin, Germany AIMS, Dresden, Germany, May 25-28, 2010 Gamze Tanoglu, J¨urgen Geiser Higher Order Operator-Splitting Methods #12;AIMS, Dresden, Germany, May 25-28, 2010 Outline 1

Geiser, Juergen

147

More Effective Aid, More Prestige Why Germany should europeanize its humanitarian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

More Effective Aid, More Prestige Why Germany should europeanize its humanitarian assistance 04/04/2014 | Category: Humanitarian Intervention, Germany by Matteo Garavoglia If Germany would like to play a more profile. Royal Navy Media Archive, CC BY In the field of humanitarian assistance, Germany punches below

Boyer, Edmond

148

Landfills a thing of the past in Germany where advanced waste management By Evridiki Bersi -Kathimerini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Landfills a thing of the past in Germany where advanced waste management rules By Evridiki Bersi but that day has already come in Germany. On June 1, 2005, Germany imposed a ban on traditional garbage dumps, replacing them with one of the most advanced waste-management systems in the world. In the 1970s, Germany

Columbia University

149

Impacts of high energy prices on long-term energy-economic scenarios for Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impacts of high energy prices on long-term energy-economic scenarios for Germany Volker Krey1 , Dag and Technology Evaluation (IEF-STE), 52425 Jülich, Germany 2) DIW Berlin, Königin-Luise-Str. 5, 14195 Berlin, Germany 3) �ko-Institut, Novalisstr. 10, 10115 Berlin, Germany Abstract Prices of oil and other fossil

150

Materials physics and device development for improved efficiency of GaN HEMT high power amplifiers.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GaN-based microwave power amplifiers have been identified as critical components in Sandia's next generation micro-Synthetic-Aperture-Radar (SAR) operating at X-band and Ku-band (10-18 GHz). To miniaturize SAR, GaN-based amplifiers are necessary to replace bulky traveling wave tubes. Specifically, for micro-SAR development, highly reliable GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs), which have delivered a factor of 10 times improvement in power performance compared to GaAs, need to be developed. Despite the great promise of GaN HEMTs, problems associated with nitride materials growth currently limit gain, linearity, power-added-efficiency, reproducibility, and reliability. These material quality issues are primarily due to heteroepitaxial growth of GaN on lattice mismatched substrates. Because SiC provides the best lattice match and thermal conductivity, SiC is currently the substrate of choice for GaN-based microwave amplifiers. Obviously for GaN-based HEMTs to fully realize their tremendous promise, several challenges related to GaN heteroepitaxy on SiC must be solved. For this LDRD, we conducted a concerted effort to resolve materials issues through in-depth research on GaN/AlGaN growth on SiC. Repeatable growth processes were developed which enabled basic studies of these device layers as well as full fabrication of microwave amplifiers. Detailed studies of the GaN and AlGaN growth of SiC were conducted and techniques to measure the structural and electrical properties of the layers were developed. Problems that limit device performance were investigated, including electron traps, dislocations, the quality of semi-insulating GaN, the GaN/AlGaN interface roughness, and surface pinning of the AlGaN gate. Surface charge was reduced by developing silicon nitride passivation. Constant feedback between material properties, physical understanding, and device performance enabled rapid progress which eventually led to the successful fabrication of state of the art HEMT transistors and amplifiers.

Kurtz, Steven Ross; Follstaedt, David Martin; Wright, Alan Francis; Baca, Albert G.; Briggs, Ronald D.; Provencio, Paula Polyak; Missert, Nancy A.; Allerman, Andrew Alan; Marsh, Phil F.; Koleske, Daniel David; Lee, Stephen Roger; Shul, Randy John; Seager, Carleton Hoover; Tigges, Christopher P.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Eigen Lecture Hall, MPIbpc, Am Fassberg 11 Dec 5-6 , 2014, Gttingen, GermanyDec 5-6 , 2014, Gttingen, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eigen Lecture Hall, MPIbpc, Am Fassberg 11 Dec 5-6 , 2014, Göttingen, GermanyDec 5-6 , 2014, Göttingen, Germany Membrane Biophysics Symposium Organizers: Stefan Hell, Tobias Moser, Walter Stühmer

Gollisch, Tim

152

Subpicosecond time-resolved Raman studies of nonequilibrium excitations in wurtzite GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-equilibrium electron distributions as well as phonon dynamics in wurtzite GaN have been measured by subpicosecond time-resolved Raman spectroscopy. The experimental results have demonstrated that for electron densities n {ge} 5 {times} 10{sup 17} cm{sup {minus}3}, the non-equilibrium electron distributions in wurtzite GaN can be very well described by Fermi-Dirac distribution functions with the temperature of electrons substantially higher than that of the lattice. The population relaxation time of longitudinal optical phonons was directly measured to be {tau} {approx_equal} 5 {+-} 1 ps at T = 25 K. The experimental results on the temperature dependence of the lifetime of longitudinal optical phonons suggest that the primary decay channels for these phonons are the decay into (1) one transverse optical phonon and one high energy, longitudinal or transverse acoustical phonons; and (2) one transverse optical phonon and one E{sub 2} phonon.

Tsen, K.T.; Ferry, D.K. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Joshi, R.P. [Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Botchkarev, A.; Sverdlov, B.; Salvador, A.; Morkoc, H. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Coordinated Science Lab.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

153

Strong light-matter coupling in ultrathin double dielectric mirror GaN microcavities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strong light-matter coupling is demonstrated at low temperature in an ultrathin GaN microcavity fabricated using two silica/zirconia Bragg mirrors, in addition to a three-period epitaxial (Al,Ga)N mirror serving as an etch stop and assuring good quality of the overgrown GaN. The {lambda}/2 cavity is grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a Si substrate. Analysis of angle-resolved data reveal key features of the strong coupling regime in both reflectivity and transmission spectra at 5 K: anticrossing with a normal mode splitting of 43{+-}2 meV and 56{+-}2 meV for reflectivity and transmission, respectively, and narrowing of the lower polariton linewidth near resonance.

Bejtka, K.; Martin, R. W. [Department of Physics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom); CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Parc Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); Reveret, F.; Vasson, A.; Leymarie, J. [LASMEA, UMR 6602 UBP/CNRS, 24 Avenue des Landais, F-63177 Aubiere Cedex (France); Edwards, P. R. [Department of Physics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom); Sellers, I. R.; Duboz, J. Y.; Leroux, M.; Semond, F. [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Parc Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France)

2008-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

154

Spectroscopic study of semipolar (112{sup ¯}2)-HVPE GaN exhibiting high oxygen incorporation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatially resolved luminescence and Raman spectroscopy investigations are applied to a series of (112{sup ¯}2)-GaN samples grown by hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE) grown over an initial layer deposited by metal organic vapor phase epitaxy on patterned sapphire substrates. Whereas these two differently grown GaN layers are crystallographically homogeneous, they differ largely in their doping level due to high unintentional oxygen uptake in the HVPE layer. This high doping shows up in luminescence spectra, which can be explained by a free-electron recombination band for which an analytical model considering the Burstein-Moss shift, conduction band tailing, and the bandgap renormalization is included. Secondary ion mass spectrometry, Raman spectroscopy, and Hall measurements concordantly determine the electron density to be above 10{sup 19?}cm{sup ?3}. In addition, the strain state is assessed by Raman spectroscopy and compared to a finite element analysis.

Schustek, Philipp, E-mail: philipp.schustek@gmail.com [Institute of Quantum Matter, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm (Germany); Research Unit, Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu and Foundation Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, 08950, Barcelona (Spain); Hocker, Matthias; Thonke, Klaus [Institute of Quantum Matter, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm (Germany); Klein, Martin; Scholz, Ferdinand [Institute of Optoelectronics, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm (Germany); Simon, Ulrich [Scientific Computing Centre Ulm, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm (Germany)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

155

Charge transfer in Fe-doped GaN: The role of the donor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several nitride-based device structures would benefit from the availability of high quality, large-area, freestanding semi-insulating GaN substrates. Due to the intrinsic n-type nature of GaN, however, the incorporation of compensating centers such as Fe is necessary to achieve the high resistivity required. We are using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) to explore charge transfer in 450 um thick GaN:Fe plates to understand the basic mechanisms related to compensation so that the material may be optimized for device applications. The results suggest that the simple model based on one shallow donor and a single Fe level is insufficient to describe compensation. Rather, the observation of the neutral donor and Fe3+ indicates that either the two species are spatially segregated or additional compensating and donor defects must be present.

Sunay, Ustun; Dashdorj, J.; Zvanut, M. E.; Harrison, J. G. [Department of Physics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1300 University Blvd., CH 310, Birmingham, Alabama 35294-1170 (United States); Leach, J. H.; Udwary, K. [Kyma Technologies, 8829 Midway West Rd., Raleigh, North Carolina 27617 (United States)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

156

Structure and electronic properties of mixed (a?+?c) dislocation cores in GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Classical atomistic models and atomic-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy studies of GaN films reveal that mixed (a?+?c)-type dislocations have multiple different core structures, including a dissociated structure consisting of a planar fault on one of the (12{sup ¯}10) planes terminated by two different partial dislocations. Density functional theory calculations show that all cores introduce localized states into the band gap, which affects device performance.

Horton, M. K., E-mail: m.horton11@imperial.ac.uk [Department Materials, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Rhode, S. L. [Department Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge CB3 0FS (United Kingdom); Moram, M. A. [Department Materials, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Department Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge CB3 0FS (United Kingdom)

2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

157

K.K. Gan IWORID-8 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-V Characteristics very good optical power candidate for irradiation study Optowell TP85-LCP0N 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2K.K. Gan IWORID-8 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables and Fusion Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers Bandwidth of micro twisted-pair cables Bandwidth of fusion spliced SIMM-GRIN fibers Measurement of VCSEL

Gan, K. K.

158

K.K. Gan DPF/JPS06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/fall time after irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What current is needed for annealing during irradiation SLHC AOC 71 MRad 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 0 100 200 300 400 Time (Hours) DataOpticalPK.K. Gan DPF/JPS06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables and Fusion Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers

Gan, K. K.

159

K.K. Gan US Pixel Meeting 1 Tracker Optical Link Upgrade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-V Characteristics very good optical power candidate for irradiation study AOC HFE419X-441 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2 Pixel Meeting 10 I-L and I-V Characteristics very good optical power candidate for irradiation study 2500 OpticalPower(µW) #12;K.K. Gan US Pixel Meeting 11 Bandwidth of Spliced Fiber 29 m spliced fiber20

Gan, K. K.

160

K.K. Gan ATLAS Pixel Week 1 New Results on Opto-Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with lower thresholds with BPM/DRX ] opto-board design is compatible with BPM/DRX PIN Current Thresholds with BPM/DRX 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 link#1 link#2 link#3 link#4 link#5 link#6 link#7 Ipin(mA) Opto-Board on Test Board Opto-Board on Test Board with BPM/DRX #12;K.K. Gan ATLAS Pixel Week 8 l one irradiated VCSEL

Gan, K. K.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

M1 Master Mathematiques de Metz Mod`eles probabilistes en finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M1 ­ Master Math´ematiques de Metz Mod`eles probabilistes en finance 2007/2008 R. Lamberton, B. Lapeyre: Introduction au calcul stochastique appliqu´e `a la finance. Ellipses, 1997 (b) S. E. Shreve: Stochastic calculus for finance. I: The binomial asset pricing model. Springer Finance, 2004 (c

Thalmaier, Anton

162

Denazification in the American Zone of Germany, 1945-1948  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DENAEIFICATION IN THE AMERICAN 'ZONE OF GERMANY; 1945-1948 A Thesis RICHARD LEE MCHENRY, JR, Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1982... Major Subject: History DENAZIFICATION IN THE AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY; 1945-1948 A Thesis by RICHARD LEE MCHENRY, JR, Approved as to style and content by: a ( hairma of ommittee p-~) f l (Member (Me er Head of Departmen December 1982...

McHenry, Richard Lee

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Multicycle rapid thermal annealing optimization of Mg-implanted GaN: Evolution of surface, optical, and structural properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first step of a multi-cycle rapid thermal annealing process was systematically studied. The surface, structure, and optical properties of Mg implanted GaN thin films annealed at temperatures ranging from 900 to 1200?°C were investigated by Raman spectroscopy, photoluminescence, UV-visible spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and Nomarski microscopy. The GaN thin films are capped with two layers of in-situ metal organic chemical vapor deposition -grown AlN and annealed in 24 bar of N{sub 2} overpressure to avoid GaN decomposition. The crystal quality of the GaN improves with increasing annealing temperature as confirmed by UV-visible spectroscopy and the full widths at half maximums of the E{sub 2} and A{sub 1} (LO) Raman modes. The crystal quality of films annealed above 1100?°C exceeds the quality of the as-grown films. At 1200?°C, Mg is optically activated, which is determined by photoluminescence measurements. However, at 1200?°C, the GaN begins to decompose as evidenced by pit formation on the surface of the samples. Therefore, it was determined that the optimal temperature for the first step in a multi-cycle rapid thermal anneal process should be conducted at 1150?°C due to crystal quality and surface morphology considerations.

Greenlee, Jordan D., E-mail: jordan.greenlee.ctr@nrl.navy.mil [National Research Council, 500 Fifth St. NW, Washington, DC 20001 (United States); Feigelson, Boris N.; Anderson, Travis J.; Hite, Jennifer K.; Mastro, Michael A.; Eddy, Charles R.; Hobart, Karl D.; Kub, Francis J. [Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Tadjer, Marko J. [American Society for Engineering Education, 1818 N St. NW, Washington, DC 20036 (United States)

2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

164

New probe of M1 and E1 strengths in GDR regions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The M1 strengths (or level density of 1{sup +} states) are of importance for estimation of interaction strengths between neutrinos and nuclei for the study of the supernova neutrino-process. In 1957, Agodi predicted theoretically angular distribution of neutrons emitted from states excited via dipole transitions with linearly polarized gamma-ray beam at the polar angle of ?=90° should be followed by a simple function, a + b cos(2?), where ?, is azimuthal angel. However, this theoretical prediction has not been verified over the wide mass region except for light nuclei as deuteron. We have measured neutron angular distributions with (polarized gamma, n) reactions on Au, Nal, and Cu. We have verified the Agodi's prediction for the first time over the wide mass region. This suggests that (polarized gamma, n) reactions may be useful tools to study M1 strengths in giant resonance regions.

Hayakawa, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency and National Astronomical Observatory in Japan (Japan); Ogata, K. [RCNP, Osaka University (Japan); Miyamoto, S.; Mochizuki, T.; Horikawa, K.; Amano, S. [University of Hyogo (Japan); Imazaki, K.; Li, D.; Izawa, Y. [Institute for Laser Technology (Japan); Chiba, S. [Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

165

Industrial heat pumps in Germany -potentials, technological development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Industrial heat pumps in Germany - potentials, technological development and application examples of Energy (IER) Universität Stuttgart ACHEMA 2012 Application of industrial heat pumps Improving energy-efficiency of industrial processes 13. Juni 2012 #12;ACHEMA 2012 - Industrial heat pumps 21st June 2012 Types of Heat Pumps

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

166

Jos Reinoso Institute of Structural Analysis, Leibniz Universitt Hannover, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in polycrystalline quasi-brittle Materials: Application to silicon wafers 05.11.2013 Crystal structure: diamond, Germany, 05.11.2013 Damage features in polycrystalline quasi-brittle Materials: Application to silicon wafers 05.11.2013 #12;Damage features in polycrystalline quasi-brittle Materials: Application to silicon

167

Ecient elasto-plastic simulation ICA, University of Stuttgart, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EÃ?cient elasto-plastic simulation C. Wieners ICA, University of Stuttgart, Germany Summary. In this paper we describe a method for the construction of radial re- turn algorithms to the plasticity models plasticity, the constitutive equations are determined by the free energy functional and a monotone function

Wieners, Christian

168

Fish Stocks Rainer Froese, IFM-GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fish Stocks Rainer Froese, IFM-GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany Daniel Pauly, University of British Columbia and consisting of four elements (species names, location, time, and source). Catches The fish (or other aquatic organisms) of a given stock killed during a certain period by the operation of fishing gear. This definition

Pauly, Daniel

169

A survey of environmental needs and innovative technologies in Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Technology Program (IT?), formerly the international Technology Exchange Program (ITEP), of the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) is responsible for promoting: (1) the import of innovative technologies to better address EM`s needs; and (2) the export of US services into foreign markets to enhance US competitiveness. Under this program: (1) the environmental restoration market in Germany was evaluated, including the description of the general types of environmental problems, the environmental regulations, and specific selected contaminated sites; and (2) potentially innovative environmental restoration technologies, either commercially available or under development in Germany, were identified, described and evaluated. It was found that: (1) the environmental restoration market in Germany is very large, on the order of several billion US dollars per year, with a significant portion possibly available to US businesses; and (2) a large number (54) of innovative environmental restoration technologies, which are either commercially available or under development in Germany, may have some benefit to the DOE EM program and should be considered for transfer to the US.

Voss, C.F.; Roberds, W.J. [Golder Associates, Inc., Redmond, WA (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Ab initio study on noncompensated CrO codoping of GaN for enhanced solar energy conversion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a novel photocatalyst obtained by codoping GaN with CrO, according to a new "noncompensated" codoping concept based on first-principles calculations. The approach enables controllable narrowing of the GaN band gap with significantly enhanced carrier mobility and photocatalytic activity in the visible light region and thus offers immense potential for application in solar energy conversion, water splitting, and a variety of solar-assisted photocatalysis. Our calculations indicate that the formation energy for the cation doping is greatly reduced by noncompensated codoping with an anion. Although Cr doping alone can split the band gap with the formation of an intermediate band, the mobility is low due to carrier trapping by the localized states. The first-principles calculations also demonstrate that CrO codoping of GaN shifts the Fermi level into the conduction band resulting in high carrier density and mobility.

Pan, Hui [ORNL; Gu, Baohua [ORNL; Eres, Gyula [ORNL; Zhang, Zhenyu [ORNL

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Research in Germany seminar -IIT Madras The Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst is the world`s largest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research in Germany seminar -IIT Madras The Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst is the world technical universities, 221 universities of applied sciences and 56 arts and science universities in Germany of German universities and research institutions and increase Germany's international competitiveness

Krishnapura, Nagendra

172

Policy Experimentation and the Search for Institutional Change: The Politics of Red-Green Reform in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the first four years of Germany first Red-Green coalition.OF RED-GREEN REFORM IN GERMANY June 2006 J. Nicholas Zieglercoalition government in Germany between Social Democrats and

Ziegler, J. Nicholas; Leslie, John C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Another Turn of the Tide? World War II and the Writing of Military History in West Germany 1945-2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Army industry and labor in Germany, 1914 – 1918 (Princeton/DVA 1979-2006; trans. Germany and the Second World War, ed.the past in contemporary Germany (Basingstoke, 2006). W.G.

Echternkamp, Joerg Jörg

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Radical Cosmopolitanism: W. E. B. Du Bois, Germany, and African American Pragmatist Visions for Twenty-First Century Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W. E. B. Du Bois, Germany, and African American PragmatistAmericans, Africa, and Germany in the Modern  World.   Ed.  W.E.B.  Du Bois in Nazi Germany, 1936. ” Amerikastudien/

Lenz, Günter H.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Keynote speakers Susan E. Trumbore -Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry Jena, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keynote speakers Susan E. Trumbore - Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry Jena, Germany http for Landscape Biogeochemistry, Germany http://www.arthur-gessler.de/ PhillippeTortell, University of British

Daniel, Rosenfeld

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - altdorf se germany Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

altdorf se germany Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: altdorf se germany Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 195Schweiz. Z.Forstwes. 156...

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - area west germany Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

germany Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: area west germany Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Invitation to the foreign students of Ulm...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - aachen germany 15-17 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

germany 15-17 Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aachen germany 15-17 Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 InvitationProgram Technology Watch...

179

Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitt Greifswald (Germany) Information for 2014 / 2015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald (Germany) Information for 2014 / 2015 Full legal Name GREIFSWALD GERMANY Telephone (including country and area codes) + 49 3834 86 1116 Fax (including country

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

180

Climate change effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dormancy release in deciduous fruit trees. Hortic Rev 7:239–effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany Abstracteffects of climate change on fruit production in Germany,

Luedeling, Eike; Blanke, Michael; Gebauer, Jens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

International Family Business Succession Planning. Recent Developments in Germany and Spain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4. Recents reforms in Spain 4.1. Family Protocols in theDevelopments in Germany and Spain Business Roland Krausein North America; 50% in Spain and 80 % in Germany. 8

Krause, Roland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

International monetary relations between the United States, France, and West Germany in the 1970s  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and West Germany. Yet, the inability of France and the Federal Republic of Germany to form cohesive economic and monetary policies throughout international negotiations or within the European Community (EC), allowed American desires to dictate the path...

Rae, Michelle Frasher

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

183

High temperature electron spin dynamics in bulk cubic GaN: Nanosecond spin lifetimes far above room-temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electron spin dynamics in n-doped bulk cubic GaN is investigated for very high temperatures from 293?K up to 500?K by time-resolved Kerr-rotation spectroscopy. We find extraordinarily long spin lifetimes exceeding 1?ns at 500?K. The temperature dependence of the spin relaxation time is in qualitative agreement with predictions of Dyakonov-Perel theory, while the absolute experimental times are an order of magnitude shorter than predicted. Possible reasons for this discrepancy are discussed, including the role of phase mixtures of hexagonal and cubic GaN as well as the impact of localized carriers.

Buß, J. H.; Schaefer, A.; Hägele, D.; Rudolph, J. [Arbeitsgruppe Spektroskopie der kondensierten Materie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstraße 150, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Schupp, T.; As, D. J. [Department of Physics, University of Paderborn, Warburger Str. 100, D-33095 Paderborn (Germany)

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

184

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei Mnchen, Germany VERY LARGE TELESCOPE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany VERY LARGE TELESCOPE.02.2014 2 of 19 ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany CO.02.2014 3 of 19 ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany CHANGE RECORD

Siebenmorgen, Ralf

185

College/University: 2004-2005: University Kiel, Germany, Institute of Pathology,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Education College/University: 2004-2005: University Kiel, Germany, Institute of Pathology, Clinical Genetics. 2000-2003: University Kiel, Graduate Student in Medicine. 1998-2000: University Halle, Germany: Matthias Last name: Christgen Date of birth: 27.01.1979 Country: Germany E-mail: Matthias

Manstein, Dietmar J.

186

Media Transatlantic IV March 29 31, 2012, University of Paderborn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Media Transatlantic IV March 29 ­ 31, 2012, University of Paderborn, Germany Traffic Aiming to bring together media scholars from the United States, Canada, and Germany, the conference continues Schabacher (University of Siegen, Germany): Traffic as 'Dirt Experience'. Harold Innis' Tracing of Media. 04

Paderborn, Universität

187

Living and working in Germany A guide for international scientists at Max Planck Institutes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Living and working in Germany A guide for international scientists at Max Planck Institutes #12 and the hospitality in your town. You will quickly find that Germany is a country of many facets ­ a country Planck Society is Germany's most successful scientific or- ganisation in basic research. Max Planck

188

The Max Planck Society At home in Germany -present throughout the world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Max Planck Society At home in Germany - present throughout the world Internationalisation ­ the Max Planck Society's role in safeguarding Germany's future Cooperation across national borders is one the internationalisation of science, both on its own behalf and also on behalf of Germany as a research location. To do

189

Wolfgang Ketterle Education Pre-diploma (Vordiplom), Physics, University of Heidelberg, Germany, 1978  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wolfgang Ketterle Education · Pre-diploma (Vordiplom), Physics, University of Heidelberg, Germany, Germany, 1982. · Ph.D., Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich and Max-Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, Garching, Germany, 1986. Employment 1982-88 Research assistant (1982-85) and staff

190

Determinants and Income Effects of Commuting and Migration An empirical analysis for Germany after Unification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determinants and Income Effects of Commuting and Migration An empirical analysis for Germany after differentials between East and West Germany led to massive commuting and migration flows. In this paper we: Human capital and income, Germany, commuting, migration, GSOEP JEL No.: J31, J61, O15 Address: Institute

Pfeifer, Holger

191

ICT Conference on Energetic Materials June 24-27, 2008 Karlsruhe, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

39th ICT Conference on Energetic Materials June 24-27, 2008 Karlsruhe, Germany 1 Detonation of Meta on Energetic Materials June 24-27, 2008 Karlsruhe, Germany 2 The smallest meta-stable carbon cluster found-27, 2008 Karlsruhe, Germany 3 accumulated energy is released upon fission of the boat ensemble

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

192

CLIMATOLOGY OF VERTICAL AIR MOTION DURING RAINFALL IN NIAMEY, NIGER AND BLACK FOREST, GERMANY USING AN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLIMATOLOGY OF VERTICAL AIR MOTION DURING RAINFALL IN NIAMEY, NIGER AND BLACK FOREST, GERMANY USING in Niamey, Niger and eight months in Germany's Black Forest. The AMF includes a vertically pointing 95 GHz of the orographically influenced precipitation in Germany's mountains. __________ NOTICE: This manuscript has been

193

(Re)discovering the Social Responsibility of Business in Germany Ariane Berthoin Antal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 (Re)discovering the Social Responsibility of Business in Germany Ariane Berthoin Antal Professor The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a relatively recent addition to the agenda in Germany agreements. But the past decade has seen significant changes in Germany, challenging established ways

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

194

The Younger Dryas cooling in northeast Germany: summer temperature and environmental changes in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Younger Dryas cooling in northeast Germany: summer temperature and environmental changes, Germany Received 9 December 2011; Revised 7 March 2012; Accepted 9 March 2012 ABSTRACT: A lake sediment record from the Friedla¨nder Grobe Wiese in northeast Germany was studied to reconstruct summer

Bern, Universität

195

April 30 May 2, 2008 SAGT 2008, Paderborn, Germany 1 Facets of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 30 ­ May 2, 2008 SAGT 2008, Paderborn, Germany 1 Facets of the Fully Mixed Nash Equilibrium Conjecture Rainer Feldmann University of Paderborn, Germany Marios Mavronicolas University of Cyprus, Cyprus Andreas Pieris University of Oxford, UK #12;April 30 ­ May 2, 2008 SAGT 2008, Paderborn, Germany 2

Mavronicolas, Marios

196

Nuremberg, Germany, 27-29 March 2001 International Congress for Particle Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - Nuremberg, Germany, 27-29 March 2001 International Congress for Particle Technology Christian 55128 Mainz Germany Email: jonas@mpip-mainz.mpg.de Abstract Session: Headline 17: Nanoscale Materials in a sub-monolayer on a cationic square. #12;- 2 - Nuremberg, Germany, 27-29 March 2001 International

Jonas, Ulrich - Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology

197

15 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet Community Systems Welcome to the 11th Berlin/Germany, 15 ­ 17 June 2011 OrgTeam Deutsche Telekom Laboratories & Technische Universität Berlin #12;15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet Community Systems Opening Session I2

Rossak, Wilhelm R.

198

Monday, March 27th Opening Remarks: Sybille Hellebrand; Paderborn University, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monday, March 27th Opening Remarks: Sybille Hellebrand; Paderborn University, Germany 18 Hellebrand; Paderborn University, Germany Fault Model Driven Functional Test for PowerPC Microprocessor Processor Christian Zöllin; Stuttgart University, Germany Testability Features of a 45nm Processor Design

Hellebrand, Sybille

199

The political system of Germany Das politische System DeutschlandsRalph Schneider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The political system of Germany Das politische System DeutschlandsRalph Schneider ASSIST-Meeting | 17.06.08 #12;ASSIST-Meeting 17.06.08 | Ralph Schneider: The political system of GermanySeite 2 Federal Republic of Germany Bundesrepublik Deutschland Basic information Democratic and social federal

Pfeifer, Holger

200

Country Profile -Germany What are my chances of getting a job?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Country Profile - Germany Job market What are my chances of getting a job? New graduates from the UK rarely secure work at a professional level in Germany, except teaching English as a foreign. How to improve your chances: you are more likely to secure graduate-level work in Germany if you first

Banaji,. Murad

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

EASA Institute of Advanced Studies on Sustainability, Munich -Germany ResponseResponse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EASA Institute of Advanced Studies on Sustainability, Munich - Germany ResponseResponse ofof WaterClimate Change Peter A. Wilderer Munich, Germany L. A. Colding Lecture, DTU Lyngby, Denmark, 19-06-2007 #12;EASA Institute of Advanced Studies on Sustainability, Munich - Germany content some general thoughts WS&T ­ long

Mosegaard, Klaus

202

Why Are Residential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Why Are Residential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States? A Scoping is significantly lower in Germany than in the U.S., due primarily to differences in "soft" costs ­ But relatively consultant data relevant to the cost structure of residential PV in Germany · Focus is the pre

203

published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger- man-English edition- grated to West Germany. In her next novel, Reisende auf einem Bein (1989; Traveling on One Leg, 1998 in Romania by starting a new life as an émigré in Germany. In her next novel, Heute wär ich mir lieber nicht

Berry, R. Stephen

204

TENDER: Grants for Partizipation University of Siegen (Germany) and Qafqaz University (Azerbaijan)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Partizipation University of Siegen (Germany) and Qafqaz University (Azerbaijan) International Summer School "Security Issues in the South Caucasus and Central Asia" at Siegen (Germany) from August 12th with participants from Azerbaijan, Georgia, Germany and Kazakhstan will focus on security issues arising from

Siegen, Universität

205

Operational costs induced by fluctuating wind power production in Germany and Scandinavia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operational costs induced by fluctuating wind power production in Germany and Scandinavia Peter Christoph Weber, Chair of Energy Management, University Duisburg-Essen, Germany Rüdiger Barth & Heike Brand, Institute of Energy Economics and the Rational Use of Energy, University of Stuttgart, Germany Abstract

206

CCMM 2000, Bayreuth, Germany September 19 1 Design and Synthesis of an FLC Conglomerate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CCMM 2000, Bayreuth, Germany · September 19 1 Design and Synthesis of an FLC Conglomerate Composed Research Center University of Colorado at Boulder #12;CCMM 2000, Bayreuth, Germany · September 19 2 Sm · Rel Polarity #12;CCMM 2000, Bayreuth, Germany · September 19 3 SmCSPF (Ferroelectric Conglomerate) Sm

Walba, David

207

Contributions to the FEL'99 Conference, August 23-28, 1999 in Hamburg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contributions to the FEL'99 Conference, August 23-28, 1999 in Hamburg, Germany TESLA FEL-Report 1999-07 #12;Contents M. Dohlus, A. Kabel, T.Limberg DESY, Germany Coherent Effects of a Macrobunch, Germany Efficient Field Calculation of 3D Bunches on General Trajectories

208

Cyclical adjustment, capital-labor substitution and total factor productivity convergence East Germany after unification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germany after unification Werner Smolny, University of Ulm June 22, 2011 Abstract Despite rapid economic of Ulm 89069 Ulm, GERMANY Tel.: (49) 731 50 24260, Fax: (49) 731 50 24262 e-mail: Werner.Smolny@uni-ulm.de This paper is part of the research projects "Productivity adjustment in East Germany"and "Investment in East

Pfeifer, Holger

209

CURRICULUM VITAE -Werner Weber August 16 1945 born in Urach, state Baden/Wrttemberg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CURRICULUM VITAE - Werner Weber August 16 1945 born in Urach, state Baden/Württemberg, Germany June 20 1964 Graduation (Abitur) Allgäu-Gymnasium Kempten, Germany November 1 1964 Study of physics at Technische Universität to February 3 1970 Munich, Germany, Degree "Diplomphysiker" July 13 1972 Ph

Anders, Frithjof

210

NETHERLANDS AND GERMANY: DAIRY GOAT PRODUCTS June 15 -June 18, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NETHERLANDS AND GERMANY: DAIRY GOAT PRODUCTS June 15 - June 18, 2009 Written by Clara Hedrich-890-3014 babcock@cals.wisc.edu http://babcock.cals.wisc.edu ISBN 978-1-59251-121-3 #12;Netherlands and Germany cheese produced in the region of Germany where the Hedrich family originated and possibly use it in our

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

211

The event is free and open to the public "Germany in Europe" Campus Weeks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The event is free and open to the public "Germany in Europe" Campus Weeks German Embassy and German Educator Seattle, WA and Cologne, Germany Marcel Machill Professor of Journalism and International Media Systems University of Leipzig, Germany Randy Smith, Co-director, MU Center for the Digital Globe Donald W

Missouri-Columbia, University of

212

Hitzler & Vrandecic PPSWR05 Dagstuhl, Germany September 2005 AIFBKnowledgeWeb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hitzler & Vrandecic PPSWR05 Dagstuhl, Germany September 2005 Slide 1 AIFBKnowledgeWeb Faster OWL Using Split Programs Pascal Hitzler Denny Vrandecic AIFB, University of Karlsruhe, Germany SCREECH #12;Hitzler & Vrandecic PPSWR05 Dagstuhl, Germany September 2005 Slide 2 AIFBKnowledgeWeb Problem

Hitzler, Pascal

213

Downburst-producing thunderstorms in southern Germany: Radar analysis and predictability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Downburst-producing thunderstorms in southern Germany: Radar analysis and predictability Nikolai der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen, 82234 Wessling, Germany b European Severe Storms Laboratory (ESSL), Münchner Str. 20, 82234 Wessling, Germany a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Article history: Received

214

Hitzler Neural-Symbolic Integration Osnabrck Germany November 2007 Neural-Symbolic Integration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hitzler Neural-Symbolic Integration Osnabrück Germany November 2007 1/49 AIFBAIFB Neural-Symbolic Integration PD Dr. Pascal Hitzler AIFB, Universität Karlsruhe Osnabrück, Germany, November 2007 #12;Hitzler Neural-Symbolic Integration Osnabrück Germany November 2007 2/49 AIFBAIFB PD Dr. Pascal Hitzler

Hitzler, Pascal

215

Curriculum vitae 1989 -1992 Student of Biochemistry, University of Hanover, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curriculum vitae 1989 - 1992 Student of Biochemistry, University of Hanover, Germany 1989 - 1995, Professor Karl-Josef Dietz, University of Bielefeld, Germany 2000 - 2006 Leader of an Independently Funded-Golm, Germany Biofuture Prize, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research 07/2006 Habilitation

Gerwert, Klaus

216

August 2014 Subject: Research in Germany-Information Seminar for Young Researchers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

26th August 2014 Subject: Research in Germany- Information Seminar for Young Researchers Warm-doctoral candidates as well as young academics interested in a research stay in Germany, towards initiating & strengthening research co operations with Germany. Date: 20th September 2014 Venue: IC & SR Auditorium, IIT

Krishnapura, Nagendra

217

The 32nd International Electric Propulsion Conference, Wiesbaden, Germany September 11 15, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 32nd International Electric Propulsion Conference, Wiesbaden, Germany September 11 ­ 15, 2011 1 Electric Propulsion Conference, Wiesbaden · Germany September 11 ­ 15, 2011 K. Matyash1 , Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Greifswald, D-17491, Germany R. Schneider2 , Greifswald

218

R E S U M E Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development of Indonesia and Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R E S U M E Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development of Indonesia and Germany (RESDIG Republic of Germany, German Alumni in Surabaya with supports from DAAD, GIZ and Goethe Institute. Through the cooperation and share experiences between Indonesia and Germany in renewable and sustainable

Peinke, Joachim

219

Nanoscale size dependence parameters on lattice thermal conductivity of Wurtzite GaN nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Temperature dependence of calculated lattice thermal conductivity of Wurtzite GaN nanowires. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A modified Callaway model is used to calculate lattice thermal conductivity of Wurtzite GaN nanowires. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A direct method is used to calculate phonon group velocity for these nanowires. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 3-Gruneisen parameter, surface roughness, and dislocations are successfully investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dislocation densities are decreases with the decrease of wires diameter. -- Abstract: A detailed calculation of lattice thermal conductivity of freestanding Wurtzite GaN nanowires with diameter ranging from 97 to 160 nm in the temperature range 2-300 K, was performed using a modified Callaway model. Both longitudinal and transverse modes are taken into account explicitly in the model. A method is used to calculate the Debye and phonon group velocities for different nanowire diameters from their related melting points. Effect of Gruneisen parameter, surface roughness, and dislocations as structure dependent parameters are successfully used to correlate the calculated values of lattice thermal conductivity to that of the experimentally measured curves. It was observed that Gruneisen parameter will decrease with decreasing nanowire diameters. Scattering of phonons is assumed to be by nanowire boundaries, imperfections, dislocations, electrons, and other phonons via both normal and Umklapp processes. Phonon confinement and size effects as well as the role of dislocation in limiting thermal conductivity are investigated. At high temperatures and for dislocation densities greater than 10{sup 14} m{sup -2} the lattice thermal conductivity would be limited by dislocation density, but for dislocation densities less than 10{sup 14} m{sup -2}, lattice thermal conductivity would be independent of that.

Mamand, S.M., E-mail: soran.mamand@univsul.net [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimanyah, Iraqi Kurdistan (Iraq); Omar, M.S. [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Salahaddin, Arbil, Iraqi Kurdistan (Iraq)] [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Salahaddin, Arbil, Iraqi Kurdistan (Iraq); Muhammad, A.J. [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Kirkuk, Kirkuk (Iraq)] [Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Kirkuk, Kirkuk (Iraq)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Metallicity of InN and GaN surfaces exposed to NH{sub 3}.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A systematic study of energies and structures of InN and GaN (0001) surfaces exposed to NH{sub 3} and its decomposition products was performed with first-principles methods. A phenomenological model including electron counting contributions is developed based on calculated DFT energies and is used to identify low-energy structures. These predictions are checked with additional DFT calculations. The equilibrium phase diagrams are found to contain structures that violate the electron counting rule. Densities of states for these structures indicate n-type conductivity, consistent with available experimental results.

Walkosz, W.; Zapol, P.; Stephenson, G. B. (Materials Science Division)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Evaluation of GaN substrates grown in supercritical basic ammonia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GaN crystals grown by the basic ammonothermal method were investigated for their use as substrates for device regrowth. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that the substrates contained multiple grains while secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) revealed a high concentration of hydrogen, oxygen, and sodium. Despite these drawbacks, the emission from the light emitting diode structures grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition on both the c-plane and m-plane epitaxial wafers was demonstrated. The SIMS depth profiles showed that the diffusion of the alkali metal from the substrate into the epitaxial film was small, especially in the m-direction.

Saito, Makoto; Yamada, Hisashi; Iso, Kenji; Sato, Hitoshi; Hirasawa, Hirohiko; Kamber, Derrick S.; Hashimoto, Tadao; Baars, Steven P. den; Speck, James S.; Nakamura, Shuji [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

222

Damage Evolution in GaN Under MeV Heavy Ion Implantation. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganizationElectronic2005-2007 BudgetFlightEvolution in GaN

223

Yngve Kristoffersen, University of Bergen, Allegaten 41, Bergen, 5007 Norway, yngve.kristoffersen@geo.uib.no Coen Hofstede, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.kristoffersen@geo.uib.no Coen Hofstede, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Olaf Eisen, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Lomonosov Canada Basin Coen Hofstede, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Olaf Eisen, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Richard Blenkner, Dept

Kristoffersen, Yngve

224

GFMC calculations of electromagnetic moments and M1 transitions in A {<=} 9 nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present recent Green?s function Monte Carlo calculations of magnetic moments and M1 transitions in A{<=}#20;9 nuclei, which include corrections arising from two-body meson-exchange electromagnetic currents. Two-body effects provide significant corrections to the calculated observables, bringing them in excellent agreement with the experimental data. In particular, we find that two body corrections are especially large in the A = 9, T = 3/2 systems, in which they account for up to ~#24; 20% (~#24; 40%) of the total predicted value for the {sup 9}Li ({sup 9}C) magnetic moment.

Pastore, Saori [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC; Pieper, Steven C. [Argonne National Laboratory; Schiavilla, Rocco [JLAB, Old Dominion U.; Wiringa, Robert Bruce [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

25.07.03.M1.01 Vendor Protest Procedures Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

25.07.03.M1.01 Vendor Protest Procedures Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 25.07.03.M1.01 Vendor Protest Procedures Approved July 18, 1997 Revised January 7, 2002 Revised May 22, 2007 Revised This Standard Administrative Procedure (SAP) details the steps necessary for a vendor to challenge a purchase

226

29.01.03.M1.22 Information Resources Vendor Access Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

29.01.03.M1.22 Information Resources ­ Vendor Access Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.22 Information Resources ­ Vendor Access Approved July 18, 2005 Revised December 4, 2009 that will mitigate information security risks associated with vendor access. Reason for SAP Vendors play an important

227

29.01.03.M1.01 Network Scanning and Vulnerability Assessments Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

29.01.03.M1.01 Network Scanning and Vulnerability Assessments Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.01 Network Scanning and Vulnerability Assessments Approved October 1, 2002 Revised review: August 14, 2016 Statement and Reason for Standard Administrative Procedure The purpose

228

Nucleotide sequence of the 2 matrix protein genes (M1 and M2) of hirame rhabdovirus (HRV),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nucleotide sequence of the 2 matrix protein genes (M1 and M2) of hirame rhabdovirus (HRV), a fish of hirame rhabdovirus (HRV). The M1 protein gene was 684 nucleotides long, encoding 227 amino acids.8% at the nucleotide level and 81.1 and 44.8% at the amino acid level. The M2 protein gene was 582 nucleotides long

Boyer, Edmond

229

Tricalcium silicate Ca3SiO5 superstructure analysis: a route towards the structure of the M1 polymorph  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tricalcium silicate Ca3SiO5 superstructure analysis: a route towards the structure of the M1 a structural model for the M1 polymorph of tricalcium silicate Ca3SiO5 from Powder X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) data of a synthetic rock named clinker, which contains at least four major phases: two calcium silicates called alite

Boyer, Edmond

230

29.01.03. M1.11 Information Resources Intrusion Detection Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

includes, but is not limited to, all information resources management personnel, owners, and system29.01.03. M1.11 Information Resources ­ Intrusion Detection Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.11 Information Resources ­ Intrusion Detection Approved July 18, 2005 Revised April 27

231

Atomistic simulation of Er irradiation induced defects in GaN nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Classical molecular dynamics simulation was used to irradiate a GaN nanowire with rear-earth erbium (Er). Ten cumulative irradiations were done using an ion energy of 37.5?keV on a 10?×?10?nm{sup 2} surface area which corresponds to a fluence of 1?×?10{sup 13?}cm{sup ?2}. We studied the location and types of defects produced in the irradiation. Er implantation leads to a net positive (expansion) strain in the nanowire and especially at the top region a clear expansion has been observed in the lateral and axial directions. The lattice expansion is due to the hydrostatic strain imposed by a large number of radiation induced defects at the top of the NW. Due to the large surface-to-volume ratio, most of the defects were concentrated at the surface region, which suggests that the experimentally observed yellow luminescence (YL) in ion implanted GaN NWs arises from surface defects. We observed big clusters of point defects and vacancy clusters which are correlated with stable lattice strain and the YL band, respectively.

Ullah, M. W., E-mail: mohammad.ullah@helsinki.fi; Kuronen, A.; Djurabekova, F.; Nordlund, K. [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, FIN-00014 (Finland); Stukowski, A. [Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

232

A Transient Stability Constrained Optimal Power Flow Deqiang Gan (M) Robert J. Thomas (F) Ray D. Zimmerman (M)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Transient Stability Constrained Optimal Power Flow Deqiang Gan (M) Robert J. Thomas (F) Ray D. The methodology involves a stability constrained Optimal Power Flow (OPF). The theoretical development between controllable generation dispatch and indices such as an energy margin, rotor angles, etc

233

OPTIMIZATION OF GaN WINDOW LAYER FOR InGaN SOLAR CELLS USING POLARIZATION EFFECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the design of wide-band gap GaN window layers for InGaN solar cells. Window layers serve to passivate the top into account during design of the solar cell to improve its collection efficiency. Previously, we have. The present work is a subset of the design optimization process for such solar cells, where we focus

Honsberg, Christiana

234

Role of Embedded Clustering in Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors: Cr Doped GaN X. Y. Cui,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, typically 5 (20­30) times smaller for Cr-based (Mn-based) III-V DMS than the value expected, 3 B= Cr4 BRole of Embedded Clustering in Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors: Cr Doped GaN X. Y. Cui,1 J. E configurations coexist and the statistical distribution and associated magnetism will depend sensitively

Medvedeva, Julia E.

235

A Comparison of Magnesium and Beryllium Acceptors in GaN Grown by rf-Plasma Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Comparison of Magnesium and Beryllium Acceptors in GaN Grown by rf-Plasma Assisted Molecular Beam Evans and Associates, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 ABSTRACT Step-doped structures of both magnesium and beryllium activation energy of approximately 100 meV. INTRODUCTION While magnesium is currently the most

Myers, Tom

236

Infrared reflection of GaN and AlGaN thin film heterostructures with AlN buffer layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infrared reflection of GaN and AlGaN thin film heterostructures with AlN buffer layers C. Wetzel, Nagoya, Japan Received 11 December 1995; accepted for publication 21 February 1996 Infrared reflection, their alloys and potential substrates need to be investigated as well. Here we present a study of the infrared

Wetzel, Christian M.

237

Band gap tuning in GaN through equibiaxial in-plane strains S. K. Yadav,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in photovoltaics and light emission diodes LEDs . The InGaN system has been intensively studied during the past to the large atomic size mismatch between Ga and In.3 Thus, other methods to tune the band gap are needed for potential appli- cations of GaN and related materials systems. It is well-known that the structure

Alpay, S. Pamir

238

Atom probe tomography studies of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} gate dielectrics on GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atom probe tomography was used to achieve three-dimensional characterization of in situ Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/GaN structures grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} dielectrics grown at three different temperatures of 700, 900, and 1000?°C were analyzed and compared. A low temperature GaN cap layer grown atop Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} enabled a high success rate in the atom probe experiments. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/GaN interfaces were found to be intermixed with Ga, N, and O over the distance of a few nm. Impurity measurements data showed that the 1000?°C sample contains higher amounts of C (4?×?10{sup 19}/cm{sup 3}) and lower amounts of H (7?×?10{sup 19}/cm{sup 3}), whereas the 700?°C sample exhibits lower C impurities (<10{sup 17}/cm{sup 3}) and higher H incorporation (2.2?×?10{sup 20}/cm{sup 3}). On comparing with Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD), it was found that the MOCVD Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/GaN interface is comparatively abrupt. Scanning transmission electron microscopy data showed that the 900?°C and 1000?°C MOCVD films exhibit polycrystalline nature, while the ALD films were found to be amorphous.

Mazumder, Baishakhi, E-mail: bmazumder@engineering.ucsb.edu; Wu, Feng; Speck, James S. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Liu, Xiang; Yeluri, Ramya; Mishra, Umesh K. [Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

239

Impact of defects on the electrical transport, optical properties and failure mechanisms of GaN nanowires.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of a three year LDRD project that focused on understanding the impact of defects on the electrical, optical and thermal properties of GaN-based nanowires (NWs). We describe the development and application of a host of experimental techniques to quantify and understand the physics of defects and thermal transport in GaN NWs. We also present the development of analytical models and computational studies of thermal conductivity in GaN NWs. Finally, we present an atomistic model for GaN NW electrical breakdown supported with experimental evidence. GaN-based nanowires are attractive for applications requiring compact, high-current density devices such as ultraviolet laser arrays. Understanding GaN nanowire failure at high-current density is crucial to developing nanowire (NW) devices. Nanowire device failure is likely more complex than thin film due to the prominence of surface effects and enhanced interaction among point defects. Understanding the impact of surfaces and point defects on nanowire thermal and electrical transport is the first step toward rational control and mitigation of device failure mechanisms. However, investigating defects in GaN NWs is extremely challenging because conventional defect spectroscopy techniques are unsuitable for wide-bandgap nanostructures. To understand NW breakdown, the influence of pre-existing and emergent defects during high current stress on NW properties will be investigated. Acute sensitivity of NW thermal conductivity to point-defect density is expected due to the lack of threading dislocation (TD) gettering sites, and enhanced phonon-surface scattering further inhibits thermal transport. Excess defect creation during Joule heating could further degrade thermal conductivity, producing a viscous cycle culminating in catastrophic breakdown. To investigate these issues, a unique combination of electron microscopy, scanning luminescence and photoconductivity implemented at the nanoscale will be used in concert with sophisticated molecular-dynamics calculations of surface and defect-mediated NW thermal transport. This proposal seeks to elucidate long standing material science questions for GaN while addressing issues critical to realizing reliable GaN NW devices.

Armstrong, Andrew M.; Aubry, Sylvie; Shaner, Eric Arthur; Siegal, Michael P.; Li, Qiming; Jones, Reese E.; Westover, Tyler; Wang, George T.; Zhou, Xiao Wang; Talin, Albert Alec; Bogart, Katherine Huderle Andersen; Harris, C. Thomas; Huang, Jian Yu

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

World Renewable Energy Congress VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June -5 July, 2002 SOLAR RESOURCE ASSESSMENT AND SITE EVALUATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Renewable Energy Congress VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June - 5 July, 2002 SOLAR RESOURCE, Germany ** German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany VII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June - 5 July, 2002 and diffuse irradiance model of Dumortier [5]. Both use

Heinemann, Detlev

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241

Bundestag elections 2009: The political system of Germany Bundestagswahl 2009: Das politische System DeutschlandsRalph Schneider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bundestag elections 2009: The political system of Germany Bundestagswahl 2009: Das politische Schneider: The political system of GermanySeite 2 Federal Republic of Germany Bundesrepublik Deutschland.09.09 | Ralph Schneider: The political system of GermanySeite 3 Administrative organisation

Pfeifer, Holger

242

Groups and Model TheoryGroups and Model TheoryGroups and Model TheoryGroups and Model Theory "Die Wolfsburg", Mlheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mlheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mlheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mlheim a.d.Ruhr, Germa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wolfsburg", Mülheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mülheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mülheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany"Die Wolfsburg", Mülheim a.d.Ruhr, Germany May 30May 30May 30May 30--------June 3, 2011June 3, 2011

Tent, Katrin

243

Westport Germany GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative Jump to: navigation,WesternWestley,2009294°,8908021°,Westport Germany

244

Structural Properties of Eu-Doped GaN Investigated by Raman Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rare-earth (RE) impurities doped GaN are highly promising candidates for light emitting device applications due to their efficient electroluminescence properties at room temperature. Among those, Eu doped GaN has been identified as an excellent material for the red spectral region due to its strong emission at 620 nm. As a transition internal to the Eu doping atom (4f-4f), light emission originates in a much smaller complex than the more flexibly controllable quantum structures of wells, wires, and dots. This is thought to make the center less susceptible to structural defects and in particular radiation damage in the lattice host. Nevertheless, the lattice host is crucial for providing the excitation in from of free electrons and holes. In this respect, the actual lattice site Eu occupies in the host lattice, i.e. in GaN, is important. A large fraction of Eu atoms are typically inactive which must be attributed to their lattice site and local environment. GaN films implanted with Eu to concentrations of {approx}10{sup 18} cm{sup -3} were subjected to a highly directed beam of 500 keV He{sup +} at a dose of 5 x 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2}. By means of a shadow mask, irradiated and unexposed regions lie very close to each other on the same sample. We used optical and structural analysis to identify the exerted radiation damage. At the full radiation dose, photoluminescence intensity has decayed to {approx}0.01 of its initial value. From the dose dependence of the radiation decay we previously concluded, that this decay is in part due to the destruction of radiative Eu sites [J.W. Tringe, unpublished (2006)]. Along the transition from virgin to irradiated material we analyze the accumulated damage in terms of surface morphology (atomic force microscopy), crystallinity (x-ray diffraction), and phonon dispersion using micro-Raman spectroscopy. In addition to the well-studied E{sub 2}(high) mode, two new vibrational modes at 659 cm{sup -1} and 201 cm{sup -1} were observed in the Eu implanted and annealed sample, prior to He{sup +} irradiation. These modes are either remnants of the implantation damage or related to the Eu impurity. As such they can be indicative of the actual lattice site the Eu atom resides on. After irradiation, broad Raman modes at 300 cm-1 are being observed. This band indicates disorder activated Raman scattering (DARS) due to the radiation damage. An additional narrow mode appears at 672 cm{sup -1}, which can possibly be due to a nitrogen vacancy related vibrational mode. The continuous transition from irradiated to un-irradiated sample allows the direct evolution of radiation damage and its coordinated effects in structural, optical and vibrational properties. By its systematic correlation we anticipate to be able to elucidate the Eu lattice interaction and the processes of radiation damage.

Senawiratne, J; Xia, Y; Detchprohm, T; Tringe, J W; Stevens, C G; Wetzel, C

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

245

Page 1 of 4 Postfach 10 10 62 -80084 Mnchen, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 of 4 Postfach 10 10 62 - 80084 München, Germany Telefon: +49 89 2108-0 Fax: +49 89 2108-1111 Internet: http://www.mpfp.mpg.de Jean-Paul-Stra�e 12 - 53173 Bonn, Germany Telefon: +49 228 833-0 Fax: +49 themselves in Germany or which should be developed further. The 2014 Max Planck Research Award

246

CS 2011, 15 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11th I2 CS 2011, 15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet Community Systems I2, 15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Pre-Conference Events Tuesday: Informal Welcome Reception Wednesday morning: Gro�er Tiergarten Jogging #12;11th I2 CS 2011, 15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany

Rossak, Wilhelm R.

247

Xenophobia in a United Germany : a unique post-reunification phenomenon?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the years immediately following the 1990 reunification of Germany, an increase in anti-foreigner violence threatened the stability of reunification efforts and exacerbated tensions between… (more)

Carden, Alison Elizabeth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

The Implementation of Environmental Education in elementary schools — A Comparative Study between Sweden and Germany —.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The investigation on Environmental Education (EE) and its implementation in elementary schools in the EU-member states Germany and Sweden was done through field theoretical studies… (more)

Radeiski, Jenny

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Determination of gamma from Charmless B --> M1 M2 Decays Using U-Spin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In our previous paper we applied U-spin symmetry to charmless hadronic B+- --> M0 M+- decays for the purpose of precise extraction of the unitarity angle gamma. In this paper we extend our approach to neutral B0 and Bs --> M1 M2 decays. A very important feature of this method is that no assumptions regarding relative sizes of topological decay amplitudes need to be made. As a result, this method avoids an uncontrollable theoretical uncertainty that is often related to the neglect of some topological diagrams (e.g., exchange and annihilation graphs) in quark-diagrammatic approaches. In charged B+- decays, each of the four data sets, P0 P+-, P0 V+-, V0 P+- and V0 V+-, with P=pseudoscalar and V=vector, can be used to obtain a value of gamma. Among neutral decays, only experimental data in the B0, Bs --> P- P+ subsector is sufficient for a U-spin fit. Application of the U-spin approach to the current charged and neutral B decay data yields: gamma=(80^{+6}_{-8}) degrees. In this method, which is completely data dr...

Soni, A; Soni, Amarjit; Suprun, Denis A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Determination of gamma from Charmless B --> M1 M2 Decays Using U-Spin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In our previous paper we applied U-spin symmetry to charmless hadronic B+- --> M0 M+- decays for the purpose of precise extraction of the unitarity angle gamma. In this paper we extend our approach to neutral B0 and Bs --> M1 M2 decays. A very important feature of this method is that no assumptions regarding relative sizes of topological decay amplitudes need to be made. As a result, this method avoids an uncontrollable theoretical uncertainty that is often related to the neglect of some topological diagrams (e.g., exchange and annihilation graphs) in quark-diagrammatic approaches. In charged B+- decays, each of the four data sets, P0 P+-, P0 V+-, V0 P+- and V0 V+-, with P=pseudoscalar and V=vector, can be used to obtain a value of gamma. Among neutral decays, only experimental data in the B0, Bs --> P- P+ subsector is sufficient for a U-spin fit. Application of the U-spin approach to the current charged and neutral B decay data yields: gamma=(80^{+6}_{-8}) degrees. In this method, which is completely data driven, in a few years we should be able to obtain a model independent determination of gamma with an accuracy of O(few degrees).

Amarjit Soni; Denis A. Suprun

2006-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

251

Fiftieth CCR reformer goes on stream in Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fiftieth continuous catalytic reformer built since this technology was introduced by UOP Process Division in 1971 has gone on stream in West Germany. The 21,300-b/sd unit is in Deutsche Shell AG's Godorf refinery. It is the sixth such unit put in service by Shell International. Others are in refineries at Harburg, West Germany; Shellhaven, England; Palau Bokum, Singapore; Pernis, Netherlands; and Geelong, Australia. CCR units operate at much higher severity than older reforming units. Severity is a function of higher octane, lower pressure, and feedstock. The operating severity or catalyst deactivation rate may be 20 times that of high pressure, low octane units. Continuous catalyst regeneration is then the key for maintaining long-term operations at steady state conditions. To facilitate continuous catalyst regeneration, the three reactors are stacked. This design permits the catalyst to move in essentially plug flow through the reactors at a rate determined by the rate of catalyst withdrawal to the regeneration section.

Not Available

1985-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

252

Efficient Switches for Solar Power Conversion: Four Quadrant GaN Switch Enabled Three Phase Grid-Tied Microinverters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar ADEPT Project: Transphorm is developing power switches for new types of inverters that improve the efficiency and reliability of converting energy from solar panels into useable electricity for the grid. Transistors act as fast switches and control the electrical energy that flows in an electrical circuit. Turning a transistor off opens the circuit and stops the flow of electrical current; turning it on closes the circuit and allows electrical current to flow. In this way a transistor can be used to convert DC from a solar panel into AC for use in a home. Transphorm’s transistors will enable a single semiconductor device to switch electrical currents at high-voltage in both directions—making the inverter more compact and reliable. Transphorm is using Gallium Nitride (GaN) as a semiconductor material in its transistors instead of silicon, which is used in most conventional transistors, because GaN transistors have lower losses at higher voltages and switching frequencies.

None

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

253

Study of gain and photoresponse characteristics for back-illuminated separate absorption and multiplication GaN avalanche photodiodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gain and photoresponse characteristics have been numerically studied for back-illuminated separate absorption and multiplication (SAM) GaN avalanche photodiodes (APDs). The parameters of fundamental models are calibrated by simultaneously comparing the simulated dark and light current characteristics with the experimental results. Effects of environmental temperatures and device dimensions on gain characteristics have been investigated, and a method to achieve the optimum thickness of charge layer is obtained. The dependence of gain characteristics and breakdown voltage on the doping concentration of the charge layer is also studied in detail to get the optimal charge layer. The bias-dependent spectral responsivity and quantum efficiency are then presented to study the photoresponse mechanisms inside SAM GaN APDs. It is found the responsivity peak red-shifts at first due to the Franz-Keldysh effect and then blue-shifts due to the reach-through effect of the absorption layer. Finally, a new SAM GaN/AlGaN heterojunction APD structure is proposed for optimizing SAM GaN APDs.

Wang, Xiaodong; Pan, Ming; Hou, Liwei; Xie, Wei [No. 50 Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, 200331 Shanghai (China); Hu, Weida, E-mail: wdhu@mail.sitp.ac.cn; Xu, Jintong; Li, Xiangyang; Chen, Xiaoshuang, E-mail: xschen@mail.sitp.ac.cn; Lu, Wei [National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200083 Shanghai (China)

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

254

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei Mnchen, Germany Data Management and Operations Division  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany Data Management and Operations-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany CHANGE RECORD ISSUE DATE SECTION/PARA. AFFECTED REASON Phase 3 Workshop, ESO Garching, 30.11.2010. 2 07.03.2011 3, 4.11, 4.12 Added All Figures updated #12;ESO

Liske, Jochen

255

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei Mnchen, Germany Data Management and Operations Division  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany Data Management and Operations-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany CHANGE RECORD ISSUE DATE SECTION/PARA. AFFECTED REASON Workshop, ESO Garching, 30.11.2010. 2 07.03.2011 2.1 Keyword ASSOMi added. 3.2.1, 3.2.2 NJITTER, DIT, NDIT

Liske, Jochen

256

Consumption, Social Capital, and the 'Industrious Revolution' in Early Modern Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption, Social Capital, and the “Industrious Revolution” in Early Modern Germany SHEILAGH OGILVIE Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Marco Belfanti, André... ; labour; discrimination; gender; Germany 1 Expanding market consumption is widely ascribed a key role in European economic growth before industrialization. A “Consumer Revolution” between 1650 and 1800 is thought to have seen the middle classes...

Ogilvie, Sheilagh

257

Fachbereich Informatik der Universitat Hamburg Vogt-Kolln-Str. 30 D-22527 Hamburg / Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fachbereich Informatik der Universit¨at Hamburg Vogt-K¨olln-Str. 30 D-22527 Hamburg / Germany¨oller University of Hamburg, Computer Science Department, Vogt-K¨olln-Str. 30, 22527 Hamburg, Germany http2000), Fausto Giunchiglia and Bart Selman (eds), Breckenridge, Colorado, USA, 12-15 April 2000. 1

Hamburg,.Universität

258

Proposals in for Czech firms; cooperation likely with eastern Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two Western groups - Shell and a consortium made up of Agip, Conoco, and Total - have offered to buy the refining operations of Chemopetrol Litvinov and Kaucuk Kralupy, both in the Czech republic. Meanwhile, Amoco, Neste, and PCD are looking at the possibility of acquiring some of the plastics plants at Litvinov. Amoco is interested in the polypropylene operations, Neste in polyethylene, and PCD in both. The two Czech firms are included in the second wave of privatization, which will begin in midyear. So far, there have been no offers for the 80,000-m.t./year polystyrene and 60,000-m.t./year styrene butadiene rubber operations belonging to Kralupy, although Atochem representatives recently visited the plants. Litvinov is carrying out revamping operations at its core unit, a 12-year-old, 450,000-m.t./year ethylene plant. The plant, currently running at 400,000 m.t./year, supplies downstream plants, Neratovice, and sells on the export markets. An existing ethylene pipeline between Litvinov and Bohlen in eastern Germany, which used to supply an average 100,000 m.t./year of ethylene to Bohen in exchange for naphtha, is virtually unused. One proposal involves reactivating this exchange to secure ethylene feedstock for plants in eastern Germany. According to some sources, a preliminary decision has been made to shut down the 100,000-m.t./year ethylene plant at Leuna and possibly to expand the Bohlen cracker by 100,000 m.t./year, to 400,000 m.t./year by the late 1990s.

Alperowicz, N.

1993-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

259

Immigration Policy, Labor Market Regulation and the Welfare State: A Comprehensive Look at Immigrant Labor Market Integration in Germany, Great Britain, the United States and Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the Welfare State in Germany and the United States:of Male Immigrants in Germany, European Sociological Review:in the United States and Germany. New York: Berghahn Books;

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Does the market value R&D investment by European firms? Evidence from a panel of manufacturing firms in France, Germany, and Italy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Belgium, France, Germany and the UK: a comparison usingR&D and productivity in Germany and the United Kingdom. CEPcontrol: a study of France, Germany and the UK. Economic

Hall, Bronwyn H.; Oriani, R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Jewish "Shtetls" in Postwar Germany: An Analysis of Interactions Among Jewish Displaced Persons, Germans, and Americans Between 1945 and 1957 in Bavaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Middleton, Drew. "Into Germany with the First Army." NewJews in Post-Holocaust Germany, 1945-1953. Cambridge, UK ;in Post- World War II Germany. Evanston, Ill. : Northwestern

Crago-Schneider, Kierra Mikaila

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Spatial distribution and magnetism in poly-Cr-doped GaN from first principles X. Y. Cui,1 J. E. Medvedeva,2 B. Delley,3 A. J. Freeman,4 and C. Stampfl1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial distribution and magnetism in poly-Cr-doped GaN from first principles X. Y. Cui,1 J. E the spatial distribution and magnetic coupling of Cr-doped GaN, in which exhaustive structural and magnetic direct evidence that the distribution of the doped magnetic ions is neither homogeneous nor random

Medvedeva, Julia E.

263

Large low-energy $M1$ strength for $^{56,57}$Fe within the nuclear shell model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A strong enhancement at low $\\gamma$-ray energies has recently been discovered in the $\\gamma$-ray strength function of $^{56,57}$Fe. In this work, we have for the first time obtained theoretical $\\gamma$ decay spectra for states up to $\\approx 8$ MeV in excitation for $^{56,57}$Fe. We find large $B(M1)$ values for low $\\gamma$-ray energies that provide an explanation for the experimental observations. The role of mixed $E2$ transitions for the low-energy enhancement is addressed theoretically for the first time, and it is found that they contribute a rather small fraction. Our calculations clearly show that the high-$\\ell$ ($=f$) diagonal terms are most important for the strong low-energy $M1$ transitions. As such types of $0\\hbar\\omega$ transitions are expected for all nuclei, our results indicate that a low-energy $M1$ enhancement should be present throughout the nuclear chart. This could have far-reaching consequences for our understanding of the $M1$ strength function at high excitation energies, with profound implications for astrophysical reaction rates.

B. Alex Brown; A. C. Larsen

2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

264

29.01.03.M1.15 Information Resources Physical Access Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the processes to grant, control, monitor and remove physical access to information resource facilities of their function at the university. 2.1.2 All physical security systems shall comply with applicable regulations PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.15 Information Resources ­ Physical Security Approved July 18, 2005 Revised February

265

29.01.03.M1.12 Information Resources Network Access Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

29.01.03.M1.12 Information Resources ­ Network Access Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE Administrative Procedure Statement The information resources network infrastructure in Bryan/College Station for SAP The purpose of this Texas A&M University network access standard administrative procedure

266

29.01.03.M1.13 Information Resources Network Configuration Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

29.01.03.M1.13 Information Resources ­ Network Configuration Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE to this infrastructure. 2. APPLICABILITY This Standard Administrative Procedure (SAP) applies to all University network.27 Exclusions from Required Risk Mitigation Measures. The intended audience is all network system administrators

267

Changing Ethnic Identities in Post-National Germany: A Study of Turkish-German Literature, Politics, and Society  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Changing Ethnic Identities in Post-National Germany: A Study of Turkish-German Literature-Muslim immigrant communities in Germany. Women belonging to highly conservative Muslim families were murdered (The Foreign Bride), which details the practice of trafficking under-age Turkish brides to Germany

New Hampshire, University of

268

Wegelerstrae 6 53115 Bonn Germany phone +49 228 73-3427 fax +49 228 73-7527  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wegelerstraÿe 6 53115 Bonn Germany phone +49 228 73-3427 fax +49 228 73-7527 www Simulation, Universität Bonn, 53115 Bonn, Germany; Correspond with chernov@hcm.uni-bonn.de #12;#12;Noname Simulation, University of Bonn Endenicher Allee 60, 53115 Bonn, Germany Tel.: +49-228-7362246 Fax: +49

Bartels, Soeren

269

IAD Scientific Assembly 2013, Potsdam, Germany, Sept 1-6, 2013 On the capability of non-dedocated GPS-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IAD Scientific Assembly 2013, Potsdam, Germany, Sept 1-6, 2013 On the capability of non Geodesy, Graz University of Technology, Austria #12;IAD Scientific Assembly 2013, Potsdam, Germany, Sept 1-5 year data gap (?) year #12;IAD Scientific Assembly 2013, Potsdam, Germany, Sept 1-6, 2013 high-low SST

Stuttgart, Universität

270

D.D.E. Long, A. Amer and R. Burns July 2002, Munich, Germany Group-Based Management of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© D.D.E. Long, A. Amer and R. Burns July 2002, Munich, Germany Group-Based Management, Germany Outline Motivation The Aggregating Cache Successor prediction and tracking Client Cache, Germany Motivation Improved client & server caching by grouping Reduced miss rates means fewer demand

Pâris, Jehan-François

271

Wage differentials between East and West Germany Are they related to the location or to the people?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wage differentials between East and West Germany Are they related to the location or to the people help from the Federal Government large wage differences between East and West Germany still persist. We their income in both, East and West Germany, the effect of the location can be identified. The results indicate

Pfeifer, Holger

272

Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tbingen, Germany VSS 2002, #18.3 ID501 Spatial updating in virtual environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany VSS 2002, #18.3 ID501 Spatial: What are vestibular cues good for? MPI for Biological Cybernetics, Germany 2 "Voluntary" vs Cybernetics, Germany 3 Methods - Setup · Vestibular stimuli: 6 dof Motion Platform · Visual stimuli: LCD video

273

Literaturlenz: Reading with Authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria Reading with Larissa Boehning, Monica Cantieni, and Linda Stift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Literaturlenz: Reading with Authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria Reading with Larissa.m. Each year Literaturlenz brings authors from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria to the UW Campus. Each Boehning from Germany, Monica Cantieni from Switzerland, and Linda Stift of Austria. The readings

Sheridan, Jennifer

274

Presented at the 21th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden, Germany, 4-8 September 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Presented at the 21th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden, Germany, 4 SonnenStrom AG, Schillerstr. 1/6, 89077 Ulm, Germany V.M. Fthenakis, vmf@bnl.gov, Phone +1 631 344 2830 in Western-Europe (mainly Germany) and designed as described in section 3. Data on material quantities were

275

Temperature dependence of photoconductivity in Zn-doped GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In agreement with predictions from a model that explained an abrupt thermal quenching of the blue luminescence (BL) band in high-resistivity Zn-doped GaN [Reshchikov et al., Phys. Rev. B 84, 075212 (2011) and Phys. Rev. B 85, 245203 (2012)], we observed the stepwise decrease of photoconductivity in this material with increasing temperature. For the sample studied in this work, the decrease in photoconductivity occurred in two steps at characteristic temperatures T{sub 1} and T{sub 2}. The characteristic temperatures increased with increasing excitation intensity, very similar to the photoluminescence (PL) behavior. The steps in photoconductivity at about 100 K and 200 K are attributed to drop in the concentration of free electrons due to the thermal emission of holes from a shallow acceptor and the Zn{sub Ga} acceptor, respectively, to the valence band and their recombination with electrons via nonradiative centers. This finding supports the model suggested previously and helps to explain other examples of tunable photoconductivity reported in literature.

Reshchikov, Michael A. [Department of Physics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284 (United States)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

276

Polarity determination for MOCVD growth of GaN on Si(111) by convergent beam electron diffraction[Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The polarity of laterally epitaxially overgrown (LEO) GaN on Si(111) with an AlN buffer layer grown by MOCVD has been studied by convergent beam electron diffraction (CBED). The LEO GaN was studied by cross-section and plan-view transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The threading dislocation density is less than 10{sup 8} cm{sup {minus}2} and no inversion domains were observed. CBED patterns were obtained at 200 kV for the <1 {bar 1} 00> zone. Simulation was done by many-beam solution with 33 zero-order beams. The comparison of experimental CBED patterns and simulated patterns indicates that the polarity of GaN on Si(111) is Ga face.

Zhao, L.; Marchand, H.; Fini, P.; Denbaars, S.P.; Mishra, U.K.; Speck, J.S.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Evaluation of growth methods for the heteroepitaxy of non-polar (11-20) GaN on sapphire by MOVPE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

double grating spectrometer equipped with a Peltier-cooled GaAs photomultiplier tube. The spectra were recorded with signal lock-in processing techniques. As the HeCd laser absorption length is ca. 350 nm for 99% absorption in GaN (ignoring any carrier... double grating spectrometer equipped with a Peltier-cooled GaAs photomultiplier tube. The spectra were recorded with signal lock-in processing techniques. As the HeCd laser absorption length is ca. 350 nm for 99% absorption in GaN (ignoring any carrier...

Oehler, F.; Sutherland, D.; Zhu, T.; Emery, R.; Badcock, T. J.; Kappers, M. J.; Humphreys, C. J.; Dawson, P.; Oliver, R. A.

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

278

Effect of pressure and temperature on electronic structure of GaN in the zinc-blende structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of the hydrostatic pressure and the temperature on the electronic structure in GaN semiconductor has been calculated using the local empirical pseudopotential method. The variation of the direct and indirect energy gaps with the pressure up to 120 kbar and with the temperature up to 500 K has been done. The calculated fundamental energy gap at different pressures and different temperatures are calculated and compared with the available experimental data which show excellent agreement. The effect of pressure and temperature on the refractive index of the considered materials has also been studied.

Degheidy, A. R., E-mail: ardegheidy@mans.edu.eg; Elkenany, E. B., E-mail: kena@mans.edu.eg [Mansoura University, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science (Egypt)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

GaN nanorod light emitting diodes with suspended graphene transparent electrodes grown by rapid chemical vapor deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ordered and dense GaN light emitting nanorods are studied with polycrystalline graphene grown by rapid chemical vapor deposition as suspended transparent electrodes. As the substitute of indium tin oxide, the graphene avoids complex processing to fill up the gaps between nanorods and subsequent surface flattening and offers high conductivity to improve the carrier injection. The as-fabricated devices have 32% improvement in light output power compared to conventional planar GaN-graphene diodes. The suspended graphene remains electrically stable up to 300?°C in air. The graphene can be obtained at low cost and high efficiency, indicating its high potential in future applications.

Xu, Kun; Xu, Chen, E-mail: xuchen58@bjut.edu.cn; Deng, Jun; Zhu, Yanxu; Guo, Weiling; Mao, Mingming; Xun, Meng; Chen, Maoxing; Zheng, Lei [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China); Xie, Yiyang [State Key Laboratory of Integrated Optoelectronics, Institute of Semiconductor, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Integrated Optoelectronics, Institute of Semiconductor, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China); Sun, Jie, E-mail: jie.sun@chalmers.se [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China) [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100124 (China); Mikroteknologi och Nanovetenskap, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola AB, Göteborg 41296 (Sweden)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

280

Apprentice pay in Britain, Germany, and Switzerland: institutions, market forces and market power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pay of metalworking apprentices is high in Britain, middling in Germany and low in Switzerland. We analyse these differences using fieldwork evidence and survey data, drawing on both economic and institutionalist theories. Several institutional...

Ryan, Paul; Backes-Gellner, Uschi; Teuber, Silvia; Wagner, Karin

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

System transferability of public hospital facility management between Germany and Iran.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The subject of this PhD-thesis is the transferability of Facility Management (FM) by using the example of hospitals in Germany and Iran. The intention is… (more)

Banedj-Schafii, Mandana

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

The contemporary International Building Exhibition (IBA) : innovative regeneration strategies in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Internationale Bauausstellung or International Building Exhibition (IBA) is a planning methodology implemented over the course of the 20th century and into the 21st century in Germany. The IBA is unique and characterized ...

Shay, Alice (Alice Ann)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Disparities in nuclear power plant performance in the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report presents data comparing the performance of light water reactors in the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). The comparisons are made for the years 1980-1983 and include 21 Westinghouse ...

Hansen, Kent F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

say Andr Schirmeisen of the University of Mnster, Germany, and his colleagues.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

burning in Thailand and Indonesia dropped steeply across the 50-kilometre-wide boundary. They conclude for Coal Research in Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany. Specifically, a liquid made of an alkylmethylimidazolium

Cai, Long

285

Feminist Cross-cultural Research: Observations from a Research Project in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent research indicates that the rapid imposition of West German structures (policy, economy, culture) on East Germany caused economic hardships and personal insecurities which Ieave many East German women feeling vulnerable. This essay depicts...

Adler, Marina A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

A comparative study of the diffusion of antihypertensive and antidepressant medications in Germany in Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis analyzes and compares the diffusion of antihypertensive and antidepressant medications in Germany and Japan during the time period of 1992 and 2003. The antihypertensive medications are classified as new, middle ...

Cui, Ling, 1978-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Why Are Resiential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States?  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) SunShot Initiative, in conjunction with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) discusses the installed price of residential PV being significantly lower in Germany than in the United States.

288

Energy-Optimised Building- Experience and Future Perspectives from a Demonstration Programme in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy savings of 50% and more compared to current practice in Germany, without exceeding conventional investment costs. A number of these projects have been awarded architectural prizes. This paper summarises key findings and explains the strategies...

Hans, O.; Voss, K.; Wagner, A.; Gossner, H.; Grunewald, J.; Petzold, H.; Herkel, S.; Pfafferott, J.; Lehmann, D.; Neumann, C.

289

Kinaesthetic impulses : aesthetic experience, bodily knowledge, and pedagogical practices in Germany, 1871-1918  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation studies a moment of transition in German aesthetics in the late nineteenth century. Starting in the 1870s, groups of artists, architects, historians, critics, connoisseurs, and museum officials in Germany ...

Çelik, Zeynep, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Implications for Damage Recognition during Dpo4-Mediated Mutagenic Bypass of m1G and m3C Lesions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DNA is susceptible to alkylation damage by a number of environmental agents that modify the Watson-Crick edge of the bases. Such lesions, if not repaired, may be bypassed by Y-family DNA polymerases. The bypass polymerase Dpo4 is strongly inhibited by 1-methylguanine (m1G) and 3-methylcytosine (m3C), with nucleotide incorporation opposite these lesions being predominantly mutagenic. Further, extension after insertion of both correct and incorrect bases, introduces additional base substitution and deletion errors. Crystal structures of the Dpo4 ternary extension complexes with correct and mismatched 3'-terminal primer bases opposite the lesions reveal that both m1G and m3C remain positioned within the DNA template/primer helix. However, both correct and incorrect pairing partners exhibit pronounced primer terminal nucleotide distortion, being primarily evicted from the DNA helix when opposite m1G or misaligned when pairing with m3C. Our studies provide insights into mechanisms related to hindered and mutagenic bypass of methylated lesions and models associated with damage recognition by repair demethylases.

Rechkoblit, Olga; Delaney, James C.; Essigmann, John M.; Patel, Dinshaw J. (MIT); (MSKCC)

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

291

Builders of a Nation: Women’s Experiences in Postwar Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? 45 Builders of a Nation: Women’s Experiences in Postwar Germany Barbara Brennan The German women who survived the Second World War are often characterized by the familiar images of long lines of women digging the country out from... underneath the rubble. However, their contributions to the rebuilding of Germany reach much further than the act of physically rebuilding the country. The sacrifices required of them for the survival their families and themselves were tremendous...

Brennan, Barbara

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

A Review of "Poetry and Parental Bereavement in Early Modern Lutheran Germany" by Anna Linton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

204 seventeenth-century news Anna Linton. Poetry and Parental Bereavement in Early Modern Lutheran Germany. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. xvi + 319 pp. $110.00. Review by susan r. boettcher, university of texas at austin. Anna Linton... among Lutheran authors in early modern Germany. As sources, she uses sixteenth- and seventeenth-century commemorative poetry, books of consolation, and funeral publications found at the Herzog August Bibliothek in Wolfenb...

Boettcher, Susan R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Bernhard Grimm, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany; Robert J. Porra, CSIRO Plant Industry, Canberra, ACT, Australia; Wolfhart Rdiger, Mnchen University, Mnchen, Germany; Hugo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interest in solar energy, this collection on the chlorophylls is most timely, covering the latest aspects the biological process of photosynthesis to include such topics as solar energy conversion, environmental science, Canberra, ACT, Australia; Wolfhart Rüdiger, München University, München, Germany; Hugo Scheer, München

Govindjee "Gov"

294

UNCCD Office location: UNCCD, Hermann-Ehlers-Str. 10, D -53113 Bonn, Germany Postal address: P.O. Box 260129, D -53153 Bonn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

threaten the processes that sustain the global ecosphere and life on earth. 2. The United Nations.O. Box 260129, D - 53153 Bonn, Germany Achieving global sustainability through effective sustainable land.......................................................................................................................... 3 II. Achieving global sustainability through effective sustainable land management

Franz, Sven Oliver

295

Top-gate thin-film transistors based on GaN channel layer Rongsheng Chen, Wei Zhou, and Hoi Sing Kwok  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

liquid gallium target. The GaN TFTs exhibit good electrical performance such as field effect mobility of 1 cm2 /Vs, threshold voltage of Ã?0.4 V, on/off current ratio of 105 , and subthreshold swing of 0 electrical sta- bility of ZnO-based TFTs is still a main issue preventing from commercialization.9 Bottom

296

The reaction of carbon tetrachloride with gallium arsenide ,,001... L. Li., S, Gan, B.-K. Han, H. Qi, and R. F. Hicksa)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reaction of carbon tetrachloride with gallium arsenide ,,001... L. Li., S, Gan, B.-K. Han, H, California 90095 Received 26 June 1997; accepted for publication 30 December 1997 Carbon tetrachloride of steps during the vapor-phase epitaxial growth of III­V compound semiconductors.3,4 Carbon tetrachloride

Li, Lian

297

STUDY OF THE RADIATION HARDNESS OF VCSEL AND PIN K.K. GAN, W. FERNANDO, H.P. KAGAN, R.D. KASS, A. LAW,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the main radiation effect is bulk damage in the VCSEL and PIN with the displacement of atoms. After five and VCSEL arrays coupled to radiation-hard ASICs produced for the current pixel optical link [5], the DORIC1 STUDY OF THE RADIATION HARDNESS OF VCSEL AND PIN ARRAYS K.K. GAN, W. FERNANDO, H.P. KAGAN, R

Gan, K. K.

298

Growth of GaN on SiC(0001) by Molecular Beam Epitaxy C. D. LEE (a), ASHUTOSH SAGAR (a), R. M. FEENSTRA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]. Silicon carbide has a much better lattice match to GaN (3.4%), and has gained in popularity in recent years as a substrate for both molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy of Ga where a transition between streaky and spotty behavior occurs in the reflection high energy electron

Feenstra, Randall

299

The E2/M1 mixing ratio in the excitation of the {Delta} from polarized photo-reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In constituent quark models, a tensor interaction, mixing quark spins with their relative motion, is introduced to reproduce the observed baryon spectrum. This has a consequence completely analogous to the nuclear tensor force between the n and p in deuterium. A D state component is mixed into what would otherwise be a purely S-wave object. The D-wave component breaks spherical symmetry, resulting in a non-vanishing matrix element for the nucleon and a static quadrupole moment and deformation for its first excited state, the {Delta} resonance, at {approximately}325 MeV. The magnitude and sign of this D-state component are quite sensitive to the internal structure of the proton and have been of great interest in recent years. The intrinsic deformation of the spin 1/2 nucleon cannot be observed directly; it must be inferred from transition amplitudes such as N {yields} {Delta}. In a spherical bag model, the {Delta} is viewed as a pure quark-spin-flip transition proceeding only through M1 excitation. If there are D-state admixtures in the ground state of the nucleon and/or {Delta}, quadrupole excitation, in addition to spin-flip M1, is also allowed. The problem is to evaluate the relative magnitude of this E2 excitation in the presence of the dominant M1 transition. A variety of models predict this mixing ratio to be quite small, anywhere from {minus}0.9% to {minus}6%, so that a high degree of precision is demanded of experiment.

The LEGS Collaboration

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

07.03.01.M1: Political Campaign Events and Partisan Political Activities on Texas A&M University Property Page 1 of 2 UNIVERSITY RULE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

07.03.01.M1: Political Campaign Events and Partisan Political Activities on Texas A&M University Property Page 1 of 2 UNIVERSITY RULE 07.03.01.M1 Political Campaign Events and Partisan Political partisan political activity. Texas A&M Universitycannot endorse, support or promote any political candidate

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

29.01.03.M1.26 Information Resources Security Risks Assessment Reviews Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

29.01.03.M1.26 Information Resources ­ Security Risks Assessment Reviews Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.26 Information Resources ­ Information Security Risk Assessment Reviews security risk assessments are vital procedures for maintaining the security of information resources

302

29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources-Portable Devices: Information Security Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

information resources. This includes, but is not limited to: laptops, Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources- Portable Devices: Information Security Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources ­ Portable Devices: Information Security Approved

303

M-1C.  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DEPARTlIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERlIINATION RECIPI ENT:City of Boston PROJECT TITLE: EECBG City Of Boston (S) Page 1 01'2 STATE:MA Funding...

304

An Exploration of the Effects of Language on the Orchestral Trombone Sound in France, Germany, and the United States.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The orchestral trombone sound of France, Germany, and the United States was analyzed through the lens of language. A thorough investigation of the characteristic sounds… (more)

Mounger, Christine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Greater flexibility, greater growth: A comparative study of labor and capitalist models in Japan, Germany, and the United States.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??After the end of the Second World War, three major economic powers emerged. Japan in Asia, Germany in Europe, and the United States in North… (more)

Thompson, Jay Arthur

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

spe438-20 page 1 Garrison, N.J., Busby, C.J., Gans, P.B., Putirka, K., and Wagner, D.L., 2008, A mantle plume beneath California? The mid-Miocene Lovejoy flood basalt, northern  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Miocene Lovejoy flood basalt, northern California Noah J. Garrison Cathy J. Busby Phillip B. Gans Department the eastern Snake River Plain toward the Yellowstone caldera (Armstrong et al., 1975; Rodgers et al., 1990

Busby, Cathy

307

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Low-Cost SiC and GaN Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under-the-Hood Electric Vehicle Traction Drives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by APEI Inc. at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about Advanced low-cost SIC and GaN wide...

308

Comparing Germany's and California's Interconnection Processes for PV Systems (White Paper)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Establishing interconnection to the grid is a recognized barrier to the deployment of distributed energy generation. This report compares interconnection processes for photovoltaic projects in California and Germany. This report summarizes the steps of the interconnection process for developers and utilities, the average length of time utilities take to process applications, and paperwork required of project developers. Based on a review of the available literature, this report finds that while the interconnection procedures and timelines are similar in California and Germany, differences in the legal and regulatory frameworks are substantial.

Tweedie, A.; Doris, E.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Polarity characterization by anomalous x-ray dispersion of ZnO films and GaN lateral polar structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the use of anomalous x-ray scattering of constituent cations at their absorption edge, in a conventional Bragg-Brentano diffractometer, to measure absolutely and quantitatively the polar orientation and polarity fraction of unipolar and mixed polar wurtzitic crystals. In one set of experiments, the gradual transition between c+ and c? polarity of epitaxial ZnO films on sapphire as a function of MgO buffer layer thickness is monitored quantitatively, while in a second experiment, we map the polarity of a lateral polar homojunction in GaN. The dispersion measurements are compared with piezoforce microscopy images, and we demonstrate how x-ray dispersion and scanning probe methods can provide complementary information that can discriminate between polarity fractions at a material surface and polarity fractions averaged over the film bulk.

Shelton, Christopher T.; Sachet, Edward; Paisley, Elizabeth A.; Hoffmann, Marc P.; Rajan, Joseph; Collazo, Ramón; Sitar, Zlatko; Maria, Jon-Paul [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

310

Mg doping of GaN grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy under nitrogen-rich conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acceptor doping of GaN with Mg during plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy, under N-rich conditions and a relatively high growth temperature of 740 deg. C, was investigated. The p-doping level steadily increases with increasing Mg flux. The highest doping level achieved, determined from Hall measurements, is 2.1x10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}. The corresponding doping efficiency and hole mobility are approx4.9% and 3.7 cm{sup 2}/V s at room temperature. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy and photoluminescence measurements confirm good crystalline and optical quality of the Mg-doped layers. An InGaN/GaN quantum dot light emitting diode (lambda{sub peak}=529 nm) with p-GaN contact layers grown under N-rich condition exhibits a low series resistance of 9.8 OMEGA.

Zhang Meng; Bhattacharya, Pallab; Guo Wei; Banerjee, Animesh [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Solid-State Electronics Laboratory, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2010-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

311

17th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition 2009, Hamburg, Germany Lignocellulosic Ethanol: The Path to Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

17th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition 2009, Hamburg, Germany Lignocellulosic Ethanol of transport fuels from biomass is essential if the EU aspiration to substitute 10% of transport fuels investment in R&D in the US, Europe and Asia. The production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass

312

http://www.jstor.org Antiminority Riots in Unified Germany: Cultural Conflicts and Mischanneled Political  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Political Participation Author(s): Roger Karapin Source: Comparative Politics, Vol. 34, No. 2, (Jan., 2002), pp. 147-167 Published by: Ph.D. Program in Political Science of the City University of New York@jstor.org. #12;Antiminority Riots in Unified Germany CulturalConflictsandMischanneledPoliticalParticipation Roger

Qiu, Weigang

313

Ina Lauth, Fraunhofer AIS, St. Augustin, Germany KDNet (NOE) , KDubiq (CA) and Beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Ina Lauth, Fraunhofer AIS, St. Augustin, Germany KDNet (NOE) , KDubiq (CA) and Beyond Codrina Lauth Fraunhofer AIS, Sankt Augustin and Institute for Computer Science III, University Bonn #12;2Lastname Outline Fraunhofer AIS and University Bonn will host ICML/ILP 2005 7-13 August 2005 EU Projects

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo

314

International Conference on Wood-based Bioenergy LIGNA+Hannover, Germany, 17-18 May 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Conference on Wood-based Bioenergy LIGNA+Hannover, Germany, 17-18 May 2007 Photo: NTC Marketing Specialist and Sebastian Hetsch, Consultant Food and Agricultural Organization & UN Economic Commission for Europe Geneva, Switzerland #12;International Conference on Wood-based Bioenergy LIGNA

315

Fachbereich Informatik der Universitat Hamburg VogtKollnStr. 30 D22527 Hamburg / Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fachbereich Informatik der UniversitË?at Hamburg Vogt­KË?olln­Str. 30 #6; D­22527 Hamburg / Germany MË?oller University of Hamburg, Computer Science Department, Vogt­KË?olln­Str. 30, 22527 Hamburg Selman (eds), Breckenridge, Colorado, USA, 12­15 April 2000. 1 Introduction Experiences with concept

Haarslev, Volker

316

The Role of the Green Party in Germany's Renewable Energy Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Role of the Green Party in Germany's Renewable Energy Policy A Healthy Serving of Greens power, increasing reliance on renewable energy Renewable Energy Sources Act of 2000 and 2004 -provided grid access and stable prices for renewables Market Liberalization with the Energy Supply Act of 1998

New Hampshire, University of

317

Proceedings of Workshop on Uranium Production Environmental Restoration: An exchange between the United States and Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Scientists, engineers, elected officials, and industry regulators from the United, States and Germany met in Albuquerque, New Mexico, August 16--20, 1993, in the first joint international workshop to discuss uranium tailings remediation. Entitled ``Workshop on Uranium Production Environmental Restoration: An Exchange between the US and Germany,`` the meeting was hosted by the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. The goal of the workshop was to further understanding and communication on the uranium tailings cleanup projects in the US and Germany. Many communities around the world are faced with an environmental legacy -- enormous quantities of hazardous and low-level radioactive materials from the production of uranium used for energy and nuclear weapons. In 1978, the US Congress passed the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act. Title I of the law established a program to assess the tailings at inactive uranium processing sites and provide a means for joint federal and state funding of the cleanup efforts at sites where all or substantially all of the uranium was produced for sale to a federal agency. The UMTRA Project is responsible for the cleanup of 24 sites in 10 states. Germany is facing nearly identical uranium cleanup problems and has established a cleanup project. At the workshop, participants had an opportunity to interact with a broad cross section of the environmental restoration and waste disposal community, discuss common concerns and problems, and develop a broader understanding of the issues. Abstracts are catalogued individually for the data base.

Not Available

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

318

Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrkoping, Sweden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute, NorrkoÃ?ping, Sweden 3 Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland 4 Rossby Centre, NorrkoÃ?ping, Sweden 5 German Weather Service, Offenbach, Germany 6 Institute for Marine Research, University of Kiel, Sweden A comprehensive model inter-comparison study investigating the water budget during the BALTEX

Lindau, Ralf

319

THE CRYOGENIC SYSTEM OF TESLA S. Wolff, DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE CRYOGENIC SYSTEM OF TESLA S. Wolff, DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany for the TESLA collaboration Abstract TESLA, a 33 km long 500 GeV centre-of-mass energy superconducting linear collider The 33 km long e+ e- linear collider TESLA (Tera eV Energy Superconductiong Linear Accelerator) with 500

320

OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE WITH THE TEST FACILITIES FOR TESLA H. Weise, DESY, Hamburg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE WITH THE TEST FACILITIES FOR TESLA H. Weise, DESY, Hamburg, Germany Abstract The TESLA superconducting electron-positron linear collider with an integrated X-ray laser laboratory government in matters of science. In preparation of this, the TESLA Test Facility was set up at DESY. More

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Reinforcement Learning to Adjust Robot Movements to New Situations MPI Tbingen, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, namely a kernelized version of the reward-weighted regres- sion. We show two robot applications and Peters, 2010], and even in tasks with potential industrial applications [Urbanek et al., 2004Reinforcement Learning to Adjust Robot Movements to New Situations Jens Kober MPI Tübingen, Germany

322

Multidecadal solar radiation trends in the United States and Germany and direct tropospheric aerosol forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multidecadal solar radiation trends in the United States and Germany and direct tropospheric, the positive trend is almost equal. We attained these results by scrutinizing clear-sky global solar radiation ratio of solar radiation were used for constraining the observed trends. Increased absorption

323

SUPERCONDUCTING RF STRUCTURES TEST FACILITIES AND H. Weise, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany for the TESLA Collaboration Abstract The design of the TESLA superconducting electron than 16 thousand hours of operation demonstrated this technology. Results of single cavity tests followed by drying in a class 100 clean room; annealing at 800°C in an Ultra High Vacuum oven to relieve

324

Preparation of Ag Schottky contacts on n-type GaN bulk crystals grown in nitrogen rich atmosphere by the hydride vapor phase epitaxy technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical properties of Schottky contacts on n-type GaN grown in nitrogen rich atmosphere with different N/Ga ratios by hydride vapor phase epitaxy were investigated. We show that tunneling of electrons from the conduction band of GaN to the metal is dominant in our samples. The quality of Schottky contacts does not only depend on surface preparation but also on the growth conditions of the crystals. Schottky contacts on these crystals show an increasing deterioration when higher N/Ga growth ratios are used. We correlate our results with the presence of negatively charged gallium vacancies in the samples. These charges compensate the positively charged donors and lead to a significant increase in series resistance.

Stübner, R., E-mail: ronald.stuebner@physik.tu-dresden.de; Kolkovsky, Vl.; Weber, J. [Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Leibiger, Gunnar; Habel, Frank [Freiberger Compound Materials GmbH, 09599 Freiberg (Germany)

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

325

Confirmation of intrinsic electron gap states at nonpolar GaN(1-100) surfaces combining photoelectron and surface optical spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electronic structure of GaN(1–100) surfaces is investigated in-situ by photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) and reflection anisotropy spectroscopy (RAS). Occupied surface states 3.1?eV below the Fermi energy are observed by PES, accompanied by surface optical transitions found in RAS around 3.3?eV, i.e., below the bulk band gap. These results indicate that the GaN(1–100) surface band gap is smaller than the bulk one due to the existence of intra-gap states, in agreement with density functional theory calculations. Furthermore, the experiments demonstrate that RAS can be applied for optical surface studies of anisotropic crystals.

Himmerlich, M., E-mail: marcel.himmerlich@tu-ilmenau.de; Eisenhardt, A.; Shokhovets, S.; Krischok, S. [Institut für Physik and Institut für Mikro- und Nanotechnologien, TU Ilmenau, PF 100565, 98684 Ilmenau (Germany); Räthel, J.; Speiser, E.; Neumann, M. D.; Navarro-Quezada, A.; Esser, N. [Leibniz-Institut für Analytische Wissenschaften - ISAS - e.V., Albert-Einstein-Strasse 9, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

326

Christian Schuster received the Diploma degree in physics from the University of Konstanz, Germany, in 1996, and the Ph. D. degree in electrical engineering from the Swiss Federal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Christian Schuster received the Diploma degree in physics from the University of Konstanz, Germany of Electromagnetic Theory at the Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Germany. Prior to that he was with the IBM

Garmestani, Hamid

327

Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research and Technology, Germany, Michael.Sedlmair@bmw.de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research and Technology, Germany, Michael.Sedlmair@bmw.de Supervisor: Andreas Butz, University of Munich, Germany, Andreas

328

Comparative study of GaN mesa etch characteristics in Cl{sub 2} based inductively coupled plasma with Ar and BCl{sub 3} as additive gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GaN thin film etching is investigated and compared for mesa formation in inductively coupled plasma (ICP) of Cl{sub 2} with Ar and BCl{sub 3} gas additives using photoresist mask. Etch characteristics are studied as a function of ICP process parameters, viz., ICP power, radio frequency (RF) power, and chamber pressure at fixed total flow rate. The etch rate at each ICP/RF power is 0.1–0.2??m/min higher for Cl{sub 2}/Ar mixture mainly due to higher Cl dissociation efficiency of Ar additive that readily provides Cl ion/radical for reaction in comparison to Cl{sub 2}/BCl{sub 3} mixture. Cl{sub 2}/Ar mixture also leads to better photoresist mask selectivity. The etch-induced roughness is investigated using atomic force microscopy. Cl{sub 2}/Ar etching has resulted in lower root-mean-square roughness of GaN etched surface in comparison to Cl{sub 2}/BCl{sub 3} etching due to increased Ar ion energy and flux with ICP/RF power that enhances the sputter removal of etch product. The GaN surface damage after etching is also evaluated using room temperature photoluminescence and found to be increasing with ICP/RF power for both the etch chemistries with higher degree of damage in Cl{sub 2}/BCl{sub 3} etching under same condition.

Rawal, Dipendra Singh, E-mail: dsrawal15@gmail.com; Arora, Henika; Sehgal, Bhupender Kumar; Muralidharan, Rangarajan [Solid State Physics Laboratory, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi-110054 (India)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

Search for 14.4 keV solar axions from M1 transition of Fe-57 with CUORE crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the results of a search for axions from the 14.4 keV M1 transition from Fe-57 in the core of the sun using the axio-electric e?ect in TeO2 bolometers. The detectors are 5x5x5 cm3 crystals operated at about 10 mK in a facility used to test bolometers for the CUORE experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy. An analysis of 43.65 kg d of data was made using a newly developed low energy trigger which was optimized to reduce the detectors energy threshold. An upper limit of 0.63 c kg-1 d-1 was established at 95% C.L.. From this value, a lower bound at 95% C.L. was placed on the Peccei-Quinn energy scale of fa >= 0.76 10**6 GeV for a value of S=0.55 for the flavor-singlet axial vector matrix element. Bounds are given for the interval 0.15 < S < 0.55.

The Cuore Collaboration; F. Alessandria; R. Ardito; D. R. Artusa; F. T. Avignone III; O. Azzolini; M. Balata; T. I. Banks; G. Bari; J. Beeman; F. Bellini; A. Bersani; M. Biassoni; T. Bloxham; C. Brofferio; C. Bucci; X. Z. Cai; L. Canonica; S. Capelli; L. Carbone; L. Cardani; M. Carrettoni; N. Casali; N. Chott; M. Clemenza; C. Cosmelli; O. Cremonesi; R. J. Creswick; I. Dafinei; A. Dally; V. Datskov; A. De Biasi; M. P. Decowski; M. M. Deninno; S. Di Domizio; M. L. di Vacri; L. Ejzak; R. Faccini; D. Q. Fang; H. A. Farach; E. Ferri; F. Ferroni; E. Fiorini; M. A. Franceschi; S. J. Freedman; B. K. Fujikawa; A. Giachero; L. Gironi; A. Giuliani; J. Goett; P. Gorla; C. Gotti; E. Guardincerri; T. D. Gutierrez; E. E. Haller; K. Han; K. M. Heeger; H. Z. Huang; R. Kadel; K. Kazkaz; G. Keppel; L. Kogler; Yu. G. Kolomensky; D. Lenz; Y. L. Li; C. Ligi; X. Liu; Y. G. Ma; C. Maiano; M. Maino; M. Martinez; R. H. Maruyama; N. Moggi; S. Morganti; T. Napolitano; S. Newman; S. Nisi; C. Nones; E. B. Norman; A. Nucciotti; F. Orio; D. Orlandi; J. L. Ouellet; M. Pallavicini; V. Palmieri; L. Pattavina; M. Pavan; M. Pedretti; G. Pessina; S. Pirro; E. Previtali; V. Rampazzo; F. Rimondi; C. Rosenfeld; C. Rusconi; S. Sangiorgio; N. D. Scielzo; M. Sisti; A. R. Smith; L. Taffarello; M. Tenconi; W. D. Tian; C. Tomei; S. Trentalange; G. Ventura; M. Vignati; B. S. Wang; H. W. Wang; C. A. Whitten Jr.; T. Wise; A. Woodcraft; L. Zanotti; C. Zarra; B. X. Zhu; S. Zucchelli

2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

330
331

Hamburg, Germany's second largest city, is home to two of the most important urban development areas in Europe: HafenCity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hamburg, Germany's second largest city, is home to two of the most important urban development for ecological sustainability and mixed use development along the Elbe River in Hamburg, Germany e m b e r 1 5 , 9 a m ­ 1 2 : 30 p m The City of Hamburg, Germany is a city-state. Like Washington

District of Columbia, University of the

332

Julian Ollesch received his Ph.D. with highest honours in 2006 of the Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany. In 2007, he joined Stanley Prusiners Institute for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany. In 2007, he joined Stanley Prusiners Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases in San Francisco's dementia at Marcus Fändrich's group in Halle/Saale, Germany. In 2010, he joined the Protein research Unit Ruhr within Europe, PURE at the Biophysics Department of the Ruhr- University Bochum, Germany. Margot

Gerwert, Klaus

333

College of Engineering Study Abroad: Germany Blog Welcome to the blog of Stephanie Berger, Sophomore, Biological Systems Engineering major at UNL. She  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Engineering Study Abroad: Germany Blog Welcome to the blog of Stephanie Berger internship in Germany through the DAAD/RISE program. Monday, August 3, 2009 Last week was my last week Germany for a little over a week before I head back to the U.S.! Since I got this scholarship through

Farritor, Shane

334

Are there signs of acidification reversal in freshwaters of the low mountain ranges in Germany? Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 5(3), 367378 (2001) EGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Are there signs of acidification reversal in freshwaters of the low mountain ranges in Germany? 367 in freshwaters of the low mountain ranges in Germany? C. Alewell1 , M. Armbruster2 , J. Bittersohl3 , C.D. Evans4 of Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany 2 Institute of Soil Science, Technical University of Dresden, D-01735

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

335

Strategies for Orchard Irrigation in South-Western Germany under the Limitation of Meeting Instream Flow Requirements of the Used Stream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Strategies for Orchard Irrigation in South-Western Germany under the Limitation of Meeting Stuttgart, Institut fuer Wasserbau, Germany www.iws.uni-stuttgart.de Condensed abstract: In South-Western Germany, orchard-irrigation farming may endanger the ecological con- ditions of streams used for supplying

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

336

G. Vlad et al. 10th IAEA TM on Energetic Particles -Kloster Seeon, Germany, 8-10/10/2007 1 Particle Simulations of Alfvn Modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G. Vlad et al. 10th IAEA TM on Energetic Particles - Kloster Seeon, Germany, 8-10/10/2007 1 - Kloster Seeon, Germany, 8-10/10/2007 2 Outline · Introduction · Experimental observations · The HMGC code sensitivity) · Conclusions #12;G. Vlad et al. 10th IAEA TM on Energetic Particles - Kloster Seeon, Germany, 8

Vlad, Gregorio

337

Research position in maternity at Hannover Medical School, Hannover Medical School is one of the leading medical universities in Germany with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research position in maternity at Hannover Medical School, Germany Hannover Medical School is one of the leading medical universities in Germany with excellent results in health care, research, education. In 2009, the only MSc Midwifery Programme in Germany was launched as part of the European Master

Manstein, Dietmar J.

338

FLEGT Asia, Baseline Study 1, China: Overview of Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade, June 2011 This Action is funded by the European Union and Governments of Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, June 2011 This Action is funded by the European Union and Governments of Finland, France, Germany of Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. www

339

Temperature-dependent Raman and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy studies on phase transition behavior of VO{sub 2} films with M1 and M2 phases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Structural and electronic phase transitions behavior of two polycrystalline VO{sub 2} films, one with pure M1 phase and the other with pure M2 phase at room temperature, were investigated by temperature-controlled Raman spectroscopy and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS). We observed characteristic transient dynamics in which the Raman modes at 195?cm{sup ?1} (V-V vibration) and 616?cm{sup ?1} (V-O vibration) showed remarkable hardening along the temperature in M1 phase film, indicating the rearrangements of V-V pairs and VO{sub 6} octahedra. It was also shown that the M1 Raman mode frequency approached those of invariant M2 peaks before entering rutile phase. In UPS spectra with high energy resolution of 0.03?eV for the M2 phase film, narrower V{sub 3d} band was observed together with smaller gap compared to those of M1 phase film, supporting the nature of Mott insulator of M2 phase even in the polycrystalline film. Cooperative behavior of lattice rearrangements and electronic phase transition was suggested for M1 phase film.

Okimura, Kunio, E-mail: okifn@keyaki.cc.u-tokai.ac.jp; Hanis Azhan, Nurul [Graduate School of Engineering, Tokai University, Hiratsuka 259-1292 (Japan); Hajiri, Tetsuya [UVSOR Facility, Institute for Molecular Science, Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan); Kimura, Shin-ichi [UVSOR Facility, Institute for Molecular Science, Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, Suita 565-0871 (Japan); Zaghrioui, Mustapha; Sakai, Joe [GREMAN, UMR 7347 CNRS, Université François Rabelais de Tours, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

340

CHROMOSPHERIC EVAPORATION IN AN M1.8 FLARE OBSERVED BY THE EXTREME-ULTRAVIOLET IMAGING SPECTROMETER ON HINODE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss observations of chromospheric evaporation for a complex flare that occurred on 2012 March 9 near 03:30 UT obtained from the Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board the Hinode spacecraft. This was a multiple event with a strong energy input that reached the M1.8 class when observed by EIS. EIS was in raster mode and fortunately the slit was almost at the exact location of a significant energy input. Also, EIS obtained a full-CCD spectrum of the flare, i.e., the entire CCD was readout so that data were obtained for about the 500 lines identified in the EIS wavelength ranges. Chromospheric evaporation characterized by 150-200 km s{sup -1} upflows was observed in multiple locations in multi-million degree spectral lines of flare ions such as Fe XXII, Fe XXIII, and Fe XXIV, with simultaneous 20-60 km s{sup -1} upflows in million degree coronal lines from ions such as Fe XII-Fe XVI. The behavior of cooler, transition region ions such as O VI, Fe VIII, He II, and Fe X is more complex, but upflows were also observed in Fe VIII and Fe X lines. At a point close to strong energy input in space and time, the flare ions Fe XXII, Fe XXIII, and Fe XXIV reveal an isothermal source with a temperature close to 14 MK and no strong blueshifted components. At this location there is a strong downflow in cooler active region lines from ions such as Fe XIII and Fe XIV, on the order of 200 km s{sup -1}. We speculate that this downflow may be evidence of the downward shock produced by reconnection in the current sheet seen in MHD simulations. A sunquake also occurred near this location. Electron densities were obtained from density sensitive lines ratios from Fe XIII and Fe XIV. Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) observations from the Solar Dynamics Observatory are used with JHelioviewer to obtain a qualitative overview of the flare. However, AIA data are not presented in this paper. In summary, spectroscopic data from EIS are presented that can be used for predictive tests of models of chromospheric evaporation as envisaged in the Standard Flare Model.

Doschek, G. A.; Warren, H. P. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)] [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Young, P. R. [College of Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States)] [College of Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

08.01.01.M1.02 Investigation and Resolution of Complaints Against Faculty Members for Illegal Discrimination, Sexual Harassment, or Related Retaliation Charges Page 1 of 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a discrimination, sexual harassment or related retaliation complaint as provided by University Rule 08.01.01.M1. 1

Behmer, Spencer T.

342

think forward OrderNumberDOC-P80-EXS026V12007BrukerAXSGmbH.PrintedinGermany.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AXSGmbH.PrintedinGermany. Proportional and Scintillation Counter Proportional counter for light elements Scintillation counter for heavyYour Command Wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry offers: Multi element analysis from Be to U

Wells, Mathew G. - Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto

343

Using Vehicle Taxes to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rates of New Passenger Vehicles: Evidence from France, Germany, and Sweden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

France, Germany, and Sweden link vehicle taxes to the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rates of passenger vehicles. Based on new vehicle registration data from 2005–2010, a vehicle’s tax is negatively correlated with its ...

Klier, Thomas

344

Does it take one or two to tango? : language skills, physical appearance, and immigrant integration in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breaking with a long-held political stance that Germany is, despite a sizeable share of permanent immigrant residents, not a country of immigration, the German legislature has drawn up a new immigration law, which entered ...

Wickboldt, Anne-Katrin, 1970-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Corporate governance under stress : an institutional perspective on the transformation of corporate governance in France and Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work contributes to the study of comparative political economy by examining the impact of financial deregulation on corporate governance in the two main continental European economies, France and Germany. It investigates ...

Goyer, Michel, 1964-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Nitrogen cycle of the Baltic Sea from an isotopic perspective Baltic Sea Research Institute-Warnemunde (IOW), Rostock, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nitrogen cycle of the Baltic Sea from an isotopic perspective M. Voss Baltic Sea Research Institute-Warnemu¨nde, Hamburg, Germany S. Hille, T. Neumann, and J. W. Dippner Baltic Sea Research Institute-Warnemu¨nde (IOW

Dippner, Joachim W.

347

American Suppliers: The Role of Americans in the Perpetuation and Maintenance of the Postwar Black Market in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Americans are curiously absent from the literature as forces in the black market prevailing in Germany after World War II. Aside from Rundell's study of failed currency control policy during the Second World War and the subsequent occupations...

Fasulo, Micheal

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

348

Cross-border transfer of climate change mitigation technologies : the case of wind energy from Denmark and Germany to India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research investigated the causal factors and processes of international development and diffusion of wind energy technology by examining private sector cross-border technology transfer from Denmark and Germany to India ...

Mizuno, Emi, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

A review of "Patterned Lives: The Lutheran Funeral Biography in Early Modern Germany" by Cornelia Niekus Moore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germany. Wolfenb?tteler Forschungen 111. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2006. 403 pp. Review by AMY NELSON BURNETT, UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA-LINCOLN To those unfamiliar with the Lutheran funeral work, a book devoted to the biographies that were an important... about early modern Germany, but rather to discuss the genre as a whole, describing its origin, development and demise over the course of two centu- ries. The book is clearly structured around this goal. After an opening chapter that introduces...

Burnett, Amy Nelson

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Observation of a German farm family: their culture and values, and aspects of beginning a career in agriculture in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OBSERVATION OF A GERMAN FARM FAMILY, THEIR CULTURE AND VALUFS, AND ASPECTS OF BEGINNING A CARFER IN AGRICULTURE IN GERMANY A PROFESSIONAL PAPER BEVERLY ANN BIANCI 11 Submitted to the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences of Texas ASM... OF BEGINNING A CAREER IN GERMANY IN AGRICULTURE A Professional Paper By BEVERLY ANN BIANCHI Approved as to style and content by: Jones E. Christlansen (Chair of Committee) Don R. Herring (Committee Member) Barbara J. Gastel (Committee Member...

Bianchi, Beverly Ann

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Ultraviolet GaN photodetectors on Si via oxide buffer heterostructures with integrated short period oxide-based distributed Bragg reflectors and leakage suppressing metal-oxide-semiconductor contacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on a novel double step oxide buffer heterostructure approach for GaN integration on Si, we present an optimized Metal-Semiconductor-Metal (MSM)-based Ultraviolet (UV) GaN photodetector system with integrated short-period (oxide/Si) Distributed Bragg Reflector (DBR) and leakage suppressing Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (MOS) electrode contacts. In terms of structural properties, it is demonstrated by in-situ reflection high energy electron diffraction and transmission electron microscopy-energy dispersive x-ray studies that the DBR heterostructure layers grow with high thickness homogeneity and sharp interface structures sufficient for UV applications; only minor Si diffusion into the Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} films is detected under the applied thermal growth budget. As revealed by comparative high resolution x-ray diffraction studies on GaN/oxide buffer/Si systems with and without DBR systems, the final GaN layer structure quality is not significantly influenced by the growth of the integrated DBR heterostructure. In terms of optoelectronic properties, it is demonstrated that—with respect to the basic GaN/oxide/Si system without DBR—the insertion of (a) the DBR heterostructures and (b) dark current suppressing MOS contacts enhances the photoresponsivity below the GaN band-gap related UV cut-off energy by almost up to two orders of magnitude. Given the in-situ oxide passivation capability of grown GaN surfaces and the one order of magnitude lower number of superlattice layers in case of higher refractive index contrast (oxide/Si) systems with respect to classical III-N DBR superlattices, virtual GaN substrates on Si via functional oxide buffer systems are thus a promising robust approach for future GaN-based UV detector technologies.

Szyszka, A., E-mail: szyszka@ihp-microelectronics.com, E-mail: adam.szyszka@pwr.wroc.pl [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); Faculty of Microsystem Electronics and Photonics, Wroclaw University of Technology, Janiszewskiego 11/17, 50-372 Wroclaw (Poland); Lupina, L.; Lupina, G.; Schubert, M. A.; Zaumseil, P. [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); Haeberlen, M.; Storck, P.; Thapa, S. B. [Siltronic, Hanns-Seidel-Platz 4, 81737 München (Germany); Schroeder, T. [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); BTU Cottbus-Senftenberg, Konrad-Zuse-Strasse 1, 03046 Cottbus (Germany)

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

352

Electron effective mass and nonparabolicity in Ga 0.47In 0.53As/InP quantum wells Physik-Department E16, Technische Universitat Munchen, James-Franck-Strasse, 85747 Garching, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Department E16, Technische Universita¨t Mu¨nchen, James-Franck-Strasse, 85747 Garching, Germany R. Winkler Institut fu¨r Theoretische Physik, Universita¨t Regensburg, 93040 Regensburg, Germany M. Drechsler and B. K, Germany U. Ro¨ssler Institut fu¨r Theoretische Physik, Universita¨t Regensburg, 93040 Regensburg, Germany

Wetzel, Christian M.

353

BENDIX SYSTEMS DIVISION ANN A R8 oR, M1CH NO. REV.NO. Solar Wind Programming for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

experiment program decommutates its own data, organizes it, processes it, and prepares it for output. Specifically, for Solar Wind, there is provision (using sense switches) for allowing or inhibiting the outputBENDIX SYSTEMS DIVISION ANN A R8 oR, M1CH NO. REV.NO. Solar Wind Programming for I I DPS 2000

Rathbun, Julie A.

354

Study of the growth mechanisms of GaN/(Al, Ga)N quantum dots: Correlation between structural and optical properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ammonia-based molecular beam epitaxy of GaN/(Al, Ga)N quantum dots is investigated using reflection high-energy electron diffraction, atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and photoluminescence. The main steps of the formation kinetics are identified and the influence of diffusion and evaporation processes on both the quantum dot and the wetting layer morphology is addressed. The correlation between the optical and structural properties of such structures finally allows for the analysis of matter exchanges between the quantum dots and the wetting layer during capping.

Sergent, S. [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, Parc Valrose, F-06102 Nice Cedex 2 (France); Damilano, B.; Huault, T.; Brault, J.; Tottereau, O.; Vennegues, P.; Leroux, M.; Semond, F.; Massies, J. [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); Korytov, M.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Heteroepitaxial growth and surface structure of L1{sub 0}-MnGa(111) ultra-thin films on GaN(0001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

L1{sub 0}-structured MnGa(111) ultra-thin films were heteroepitaxially grown on GaN(0001) under lightly Mn-rich conditions using molecular beam epitaxy. Room-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) investigations reveal smooth terraces and angular step edges, with the surface structure consisting primarily of a 2 × 2 reconstruction along with small patches of 1 × 2. Theoretical calculations were carried out using density functional theory, and the simulated STM images were calculated using the Tersoff-Hamman approximation, revealing that a stoichiometric 1 × 2 and a Mn-rich 2 × 2 surface structure give the best agreement with the observed experimental images.

Mandru, Andrada-Oana; Wang, Kangkang; Cooper, Kevin; Ingram, David C.; Smith, Arthur R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States); Garcia Diaz, Reyes; Takeuchi, Noboru [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States) [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States); Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnologia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 14, Ensenada Baja California, Codigo Postal 22800 (Mexico); Haider, Muhammad [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States) [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States); Department of Physics, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, 31261 (Saudi Arabia)

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

356

Influence of stress on optical transitions in GaN nanorods containing a single InGaN/GaN quantum disk  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cathodoluminescence (CL) hyperspectral imaging has been performed on GaN nanorods containing a single InGaN quantum disk (SQD) with controlled variations in excitation conditions. Two different nanorod diameters (200 and 280?nm) have been considered. Systematic changes in the CL spectra from the SQD were observed as the accelerating voltage of the electron beam and its position of incidence are varied. It is shown that the dominant optical transition in the SQD varies across the nanorod as a result of interplay between the contributions of the deformation potential and the quantum-confined Stark effect to the transition energy as consequence of radial variation in the pseudomorphic strain.

Zhuang, Y. D.; Shields, P. A.; Allsopp, D. W. E., E-mail: d.allsopp@bath.ac.uk [Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY (United Kingdom); Bruckbauer, J.; Edwards, P. R.; Martin, R. W. [Department of Physics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom)

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

357

Econometrics (26:223:554:01) Spring 2012 Thursdays, 10:00 AM-12:50 P.M., 1 Washington Park 512, Newark Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Econometrics (26:223:554:01) Spring 2012 Thursdays, 10:00 AM-12:50 P.M., 1 Washington Park 512://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~rpatrick/hp.html This is the first of two required econometrics courses for Ph.D. students in Finance and Economics. The purpose of this course is to develop basic econometric estimation and hypothesis testing tools necessary to analyze

Lin, Xiaodong

358

Econometrics (26:223:554:01) Spring 2013 Thursdays, 10:00 AM-12:50 P.M., 1 Washington Park 512, Newark Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Econometrics (26:223:554:01) Spring 2013 Thursdays, 10:00 AM-12:50 P.M., 1 Washington Park 512://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~rpatrick/hp.html This is the first of two required econometrics courses for Ph.D. students in Finance and Economics. The purpose of this course is to develop basic econometric estimation and hypothesis testing tools necessary to analyze

359

Econometrics (26:223:554:01) Spring 2011 Thursdays, 10:00 AM-12:50 P.M., 1 Washington Park 512, Newark  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Econometrics (26:223:554:01) Spring 2011 Thursdays, 10:00 AM-12:50 P.M., 1 Washington Park 512://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~rpatrick/hp.html This is the first of two required econometrics courses for Ph.D. students in Finance and Economics. The purpose of this course is to develop basic econometric estimation and hypothesis testing tools necessary to analyze

Lin, Xiaodong

360

Brine migration test report: Asse Salt Mine, Federal Republic of Germany: Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a summary of Brine Migration Tests which were undertaken at the Asse mine of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) under a bilateral US/FRG agreement. This experiment simulates a nuclear waste repository at the 800-m (2624-ft) level of the Asse salt mine in the Federal Republic of Germany. This report describes the Asse salt mine, the test equipment, and the pretest properties of the salt in the mine and in the vicinity of the test area. Also included are selected test data (for the first 28 months of operation) on the following: brine migration rates, thermomechaical behavior of the salt (including room closure, stress reading, and thermal profiles), borehole gas pressures, and borehole gas analyses. In addition to field data, laboratory analyses of pretest salt properties are included in this report. The operational phase of these experiments was completed on October 4, 1985, with the commencement of cooldown and the start of posttest activities. 7 refs., 68 figs., 48 tabs.

Coyle, A.J.; Eckert, J.; Kalia, H.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Detection of $^{133}$Xe from the Fukushima nuclear power plant in the upper troposphere above Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After the accident in the Japanese Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant in March 2011 large amounts of radioactivity were released and distributed in the atmosphere. Among them were also radioactive noble gas isotopes which can be used as tracers to test global atmospheric circulation models. This work presents unique measurements of the radionuclide $^{133}$Xe from Fukushima in the upper troposphere above Germany. The measurements involve air sampling in a research jet aircraft followed by chromatographic xenon extraction and ultra-low background gas counting with miniaturized proportional counters. With this technique a detection limit of the order of 100 $^{133}$Xe atoms in litre-scale air samples (corresponding to about 100 mBq/m$^3$) is achievable. Our results provide proof that the $^{133}$Xe-rich ground level air layer from Fukushima was lifted up to the tropopause and distributed hemispherically. Moreover, comparisons with ground level air measurements indicate that the arrival of the radioactive plume at high altitude over Germany occurred several days before the ground level plume.

Hardy Simgen; Frank Arnold; Heinfried Aufmhoff; Robert Baumann; Florian Kaether; Sebastian Lindemann; Ludwig Rauch; Hans Schlager; Clemens Schlosser; Ulrich Schumann

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

362

CW Operation of the TTF-III Input Coupler J. Knobloch, W. Anders, M. Martin and M. Schuster, BESSY GmbH, Berlin, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GmbH, Berlin, Germany S. Bauer and M. Pekeler, ACCEL Instruments, Bergisch-Gladbach, Germany S at the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, Knoxville, TN Abstract Several newly proposed superconducting aspects may limit the coupler operation. To resolve this question, ACCEL Instruments, BESSY, Cornell, DESY

363

ATLAS Pixel Opto-Electronics K.E. Arms, K.K. Gan, P. Jackson, M. Johnson, H. Kagan, R. Kass, A.M. Rahimi,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Universitaet Siegen, 57068 Siegen, Germany ABSTRACT We have developed two radiation-hard ASICs for optical data boards (opto-boards). The optical readout system will be exposed to a large dosage of radiation. We assume that the main radiation effect is surface damage in the CMOS devices due to ionizing radiation

Gan, K. K.

364

Detection of $^{133}$Xe from the Fukushima nuclear power plant in the upper troposphere above Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After the accident in the Japanese Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant in March 2011 large amounts of radioactivity were released and distributed in the atmosphere. Among them were also radioactive noble gas isotopes which can be used as tracers to probe global atmospheric circulation models. This work presents unique measurements of the radionuclide $^{133}$Xe from Fukushima in the upper troposphere above Germany. The measurements involve air sampling in a research jet aircraft followed by chromatographic xenon extraction and ultra-low background gas counting with miniaturized proportional counters. With this technique a detection limit of the order of 100 $^{133}$Xe atoms in liter-scale air samples (corresponding to about 100 mBq/m$^3$) is achievable. Our results proof that the $^{133}$Xe-rich ground level air layer from Fukushima was lifted up to the tropopause and distributed hemispherically. Moreover, comparisons with ground level air measurements indicate that the arrival of the radioactive plume in ...

Simgen, Hardy; Aufmhoff, Heinfried; Baumann, Robert; Kaether, Florian; Lindemann, Sebastian; Rauch, Ludwig; Schlager, Hans; Schlosser, Clemens; Schumann, Ulrich

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

a. Lngsamt & adiabatiskt reversibel, dvs en isentropisk process V1 = nRT1 / p1 = (m/M) RT1/p1 , massa m = 1 kg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Svar 1303: a. Långsamt & adiabatiskt reversibel, dvs en isentropisk process V1 = n·R·T1 / p1 = (m/M) ·R·T1/p1 , massa m = 1 kg H2 : M = 0.002 kg/mol; CO : M = 0.028 kg/mol; CO2 : M = 0.044 kg/mol p1 = z bar V1 = (R/M) · (300 + 50·a) / z m3 . t.ex. 30066 : p = 3 bar, gas = CO, T1 = 450 K V1 = 0.445 m3

Zevenhoven, Ron

366

Fiver years of uranium mine and mill decommissioning in Germany: Progress of the Wismut environmental remediation project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the end of the Cold War and the fall of the iron curtain Germany inherited in 1990 by its reunification the legacy of 45 years of unrestricted, intensive uranium mining in the eastern part of Germany. The environmental damages and risks related to widespread soil and groundwater contamination, caused by huge tailings ponds and numerous waste rock piles in one of Germany`s most densely populated areas, made it necessary to implement one of the world`s largest environmental clean-up programs. 13 billion German Marks (8.7 billion US-$) will be spent within approx. 20 years for decommissioning and environmental restoration efforts. Five years after the start-up of the Wismut project considerable results have been achieved. Conceptual work, even regarding technically difficult issues of the program, is far advanced, and about one third of the physical work program has been completed. At the former mining and milling locations significant improvements of the environmental situation have been achieved. The further on-schedule progress of the Wismut program is an important prerequisite for the socio-economical development in the former uranium mining districts.

Mager, D. [German Federal Ministry of Economics, Bonn (Germany)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

367

International Europhysics Conference on High Energy Physics EPS, July 17th-23rd 2003 in Aachen, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Europhysics Conference on High Energy Physics EPS, July 17th-23rd 2003 in Aachen, Germany General Search for New Phenomena in ep Scattering at HERA M. Wessels I. Physikalisches Institut lepton and multi-lepton events Have we missed something? General Search for New Phenomena in ep

368

A Top-down and Bottom-up look at Emissions Abatement in Germany in response to the EU ETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper uses top-down trend analysis and a bottom-up power sector model to define upper and lower boundaries on abatement in Germany in the first phase of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (2005-2007). Long-term trend ...

Feilhauer, Stephan M. (Stephan Marvin)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Proceedings of the XVI International Conference on Thermoelectrics, Dresden, Germany, August 26-29, 1997 Skutterudites: An Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be meaningful for near room temperature applications [1], thermoelectric power generators which could operate technologies. This is true in particular for high power (over 200 W) automobile waste heat recovery and spaceProceedings of the XVI International Conference on Thermoelectrics, Dresden, Germany, August 26

370

Wind-Power Development in Germany and the U.S.: Multiple Streams, Advocacy Coalitions, and Turning Points  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind-Power Development in Germany and the U.S.: Multiple Streams, Advocacy Coalitions, and Turning). Of the various forms of renewable energy, wind-generated electricity has a unique set of advantages, which make especially large. Wind power produces relatively low levels of environmental damage over its life cycle (like

Qiu, Weigang

371

Bernhard Grimm, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany; Robert J. Porra, CSIRO Plant Industry, Canberra, ACT, Australia; Wolfhart Rdiger, Mnchen University, Mnchen,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interest in solar energy, this collection on the chlorophylls is most timely, covering the latest aspects the biological process of photosynthesis to include such topics as solar energy conversion, environmental science, Canberra, ACT, Australia; Wolfhart Rüdiger, München University, München, Germany; Hugo Scheer, München

Govindjee "Gov"

372

3rd Workshop on System-level Virtualization for High Performance Computing (HPCVirt) 2009, Nuremberg, Germany, March 30, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3rd Workshop on System-level Virtualization for High Performance Computing (HPCVirt) 2009 for High Performance Computing (HPCVirt) 2009, Nuremberg, Germany, March 30, 2009 Outline · Background work #12;3/193rd Workshop on System-level Virtualization for High Performance Computing (HPCVirt) 2009

Engelmann, Christian

373

Power MEMS 2007, Nov. 28-29, 2007, Freiburg, Germany Fig. 1: Micro quartz combustor. (a) Schematic,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power MEMS 2007, Nov. 28-29, 2007, Freiburg, Germany 265 Fig. 1: Micro quartz combustor. (a, 1.0 mm, and 1.5 mm. FLAME PROPAGATION AND QUENCHING IN ULTRA-THIN QUARTZ COMBUSTORS Yong Fan, Yuji and analysis of premixed CH4/Air flame propagation and quenching in three quartz combustors with chamber depth

Kasagi, Nobuhide

374

X-th International Workshop on Optimization and Inverse Problems in Electromagnetism September 14 17, 2008, Ilmenau, GERMANY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ 17, 2008, Ilmenau, GERMANY Optimal sizing of PV based multi-source system for household application T-source system at supply side, and an optimal supply and demand co-management. A sizing and multi with a project aiming to increase the value of photovoltaic production for residential application; the main

Boyer, Edmond

375

Multi-Decadal Solar Radiation Trends in the United States and Germany and Direct Tropospheric Aerosol Forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-Decadal Solar Radiation Trends in the United States and Germany and Direct Tropospheric.S. the strengthening is almost equal. We attained these results by scrutinizing clear sky global solar radiation of solar radiation were used for constraining the observed trends. Increased absorption and declined light

376

7th Int. Conference on Business Process Management (BPM`09) 7-10 September 2009, Ulm, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7th Int. Conference on Business Process Management (BPM`09) 7-10 September 2009, Ulm, Germany www.bpm2009.org Keynote Speaker A.-W. Scheer BPM 3.0 Founder of IDS Scheer, President of Bitkom, Vice on Reference Modelling ER-BPM'09 - 1st International Workshop on Empirical Research in Business Process BPD'09

Pfeifer, Holger

377

7th Int. Conference on Business Process Management (BPM`09) 7-10 September 2009, Ulm, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7th Int. Conference on Business Process Management (BPM`09) 7-10 September 2009, Ulm, Germany www.bpm2009.org #12;General Information BPM`09 is the seventh international conference in a series and tracks for workshops, tutorials, panels and demos. The BPM`09 has the EMISA`09 as co-located conference

Ulm, Universität

378

T-Mobile Germany launches mobile social web services on web'n'walk Feb 12, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T-Mobile Germany launches mobile social web services on web'n'walk portal Feb 12, 2008 · Agreements by companies of the Deutsche Telekom group by end of 2007. The common technology platform is based on GSM documents like reports, invoices, statements and others on the fly. Fully integrated clean-up processes also

Deutschmann, Rainer

379

The Disarmament School: US Policy for the Disarmament and Demobilization of the Germany Army, November-December 1944  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Military Tradition. This demilitarization of Germany was the chief goal of victory and means of ensuring lasting peace in Europe. In November and December of 1944, the US Army hosted the Disarmament School, a series of lectures by experts in the field...

Wilkerson, Joseph Jr

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

380

European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery --Freiberg, Germany, 3 -6 September 2002 Prediction under Uncertainty in Reservoir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 8 th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery -- Freiberg, Germany, 3 - 6 September 2002 Prediction under Uncertainty in Reservoir Modeling Mike Christie1 , Sam Subbey1 , Malcolm of Advanced Studies, Australian Nat. University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia Abstract Reservoir simulation

Sambridge, Malcolm

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381

Effects of capping on GaN quantum dots deposited on Al{sub 0.5}Ga{sub 0.5}N by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impact of the capping process on the structural and morphological properties of GaN quantum dots (QDs) grown on fully relaxed Al{sub 0.5}Ga{sub 0.5}N templates was studied by transmission electron microscopy. A morphological transition between the surface QDs, which have a pyramidal shape, and the buried ones, which have a truncated pyramid shape, is evidenced. This shape evolution is accompanied by a volume change: buried QDs are bigger than surface ones. Furthermore a phase separation into Al{sub 0.5}Ga{sub 0.5}N barriers was observed in the close vicinity of buried QDs. As a result, the buried QDs were found to be connected with the nearest neighbors by thin Ga-rich zones, whereas Al-rich zones are situated above the QDs.

Korytov, M. [CRHEA-CNRS, rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France) and University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Parc Valrose, 06103 Nice (France); Benaissa, M. [CNRST, angle Allal-Fassi/FAR, Madinat al-irfane, 10000 Rabat (Morocco); Brault, J.; Vennegues, P. [CRHEA-CNRS, rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); Huault, T. [CRHEA-CNRS, rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne, France and RIBER S.A., 31 rue Casimir Perier, BP 70083, 95873 Bezons Cedex (France); Neisius, T. [CP2M, Faculte Saint Jerome, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20 (France)

2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

382

Dual-polarity GaN micropillars grown by metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy: Cross-correlation between structural and optical properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Self-assembled catalyst-free GaN micropillars grown on (0001) sapphire substrates by metal organic vapor phase epitaxy are investigated. Transmission electron microscopy, as well as KOH etching, shows the systematic presence of two domains of opposite polarity within each single micropillar. The analysis of the initial growth stages indicates that such double polarity originates at the micropillar/substrate interface, i.e., during the micropillar nucleation, and it propagates along the micropillar. Furthermore, dislocations are also generated at the wire/substrate interface, but bend after several hundreds of nanometers. This leads to micropillars several tens of micrometers in length that are dislocation-free. Spatially resolved cathodoluminescence and microphotoluminescence show large differences in the optical properties of each polarity domain, suggesting unequal impurity/dopant/vacancy incorporation depending on the polarity.

Coulon, P. M. [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Grégory, F-06560 Valbonne (France); Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis (UNS), 28 Ave. Valrose, 06103 Nice (France); Mexis, M.; Teisseire, M.; Vennéguès, P.; Leroux, M.; Zuniga-Perez, J., E-mail: jzp@crhea.cnrs.fr [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Grégory, F-06560 Valbonne (France); Jublot, M. [Faculté des Sciences de Saint Jérôme—CP2M, Ave. Escadrille Normandie Niemen, 13397 Marseille (France)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

383

Dependence of the Mg-related acceptor ionization energy with the acceptor concentration in p-type GaN layers grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hall effect and capacitance-voltage C(V) measurements were performed on p-type GaN:Mg layers grown on GaN templates by molecular beam epitaxy with a high range of Mg-doping concentrations. The free hole density and the effective dopant concentration N{sub A}-N{sub D} as a function of magnesium incorporation measured by secondary ion mass spectroscopy clearly reveal both a magnesium doping efficiency up to 90% and a strong dependence of the acceptor ionization energy Ea with the acceptor concentration N{sub A}. These experimental observations highlight an isolated acceptor binding energy of 245{+-}25 meV compatible, at high acceptor concentration, with the achievement of p-type GaN:Mg layers with a hole concentration at room temperature close to 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}.

Brochen, Stephane; Brault, Julien; Chenot, Sebastien; Dussaigne, Amelie; Leroux, Mathieu; Damilano, Benjamin [CNRS-CRHEA, Rue Bernard Gregory, F-06560 Valbonne (France)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

384

Sandia National Laboratories: M-1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLS ExhibitIowaLos Alamos National LaboratoryEngineers

386

August 2013 Jianbang Gan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Marketing), Iowa State University, 1988 B.S., Forest Engineering, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University Specialty: Forest Resource Economics, Management, and Policy Current Research Interests: Bioenergy

387

Aiming to bring together media scholars from the United States, Canada, and Germany, the conference continues a series of symposia that began in 2007. After ,,Re-Reading McLuhan. An International Conference on Media and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aiming to bring together media scholars from the United States, Canada, and Germany, the conference of Paderborn, Germany Concept and Organisation: Hannelore Bublitz, Irina Kaldrack, Theo Röhle, Hartmut Winkler March 29 ­ 31, 2012 University of Paderborn, Germany Room B 3.231 #12;02:00 | Start / Introduction 02

Paderborn, Universität

388

Prof. Dr. Uwe Holtz Universitt Bonn Am Hofgarten 15D -53113 Bonn UHoltz@aol.com www.uni-bonn.de/~uholtz1 OECD (Hg.): DAC Peer Review Germany, Paris 2006.4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.uni-bonn.de/~uholtz1 6.4.072 3 OECD (Hg.): DAC Peer Review Germany, Paris 2006.4 (www.oecd.org/dataoecd/54 of poorer countries but need for greater strategic selectivity8 9 Germany has never stated a preference in favor of specific groups of countries. Germany admits10 that poorest countries need donors' full support

Franz, Sven Oliver

389

Propane ammoxidation over the Mo-V-Te-Nb-O M1 phase: Reactivity of surface cations in hydrogen abstraction steps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Density functional theory calculations (GGA-PBE) have been performed to investigate the adsorption of C3 (propane, isopropyl, propene, and allyl) and H species on the proposed active center present in the surface ab planes of the bulk Mo-V-Te-Nb-O M1 phase in order to better understand the roles of the different surface cations in propane ammoxidation. Modified cluster models were employed to isolate the closely spaced V=O and Te=O from each other and to vary the oxidation state of the V cation. While propane and propene adsorb with nearly zero adsorption energy, the isopropyl and allyl radicals bind strongly to V=O and Te=O with adsorption energies, {Delta}E, being {le} -1.75 eV, but appreciably more weakly on other sites, such as Mo=O, bridging oxygen (Mo-O-V and Mo-O-Mo), and empty metal apical sites ({Delta}E > -1 eV). Atomic H binds more strongly to Te = O ({Delta}E {le} -3 eV) than to all the other sites, including V = O ({Delta}E = -2.59 eV). The reduction of surface oxo groups by dissociated H and their removal as water are thermodynamically favorable except when both H atoms are bonded to the same Te=O. Consistent with the strong binding of H, Te=O is markedly more active at abstracting the methylene H from propane (E{sub a} {le} 1.01 eV) than V = O (E{sub a} = 1.70 eV on V{sup 5+} = O and 2.13 eV on V{sup 4+} = O). The higher-than-observed activity and the loose binding of Te = O moieties to the mixed metal oxide lattice of M1 raise the question of whether active Te = O groups are in fact present in the surface ab planes of the M1 phase under propane ammoxidation conditions.

Muthukumar, Kaliappan [University of Cincinnati; Yu, Junjun [University of Cincinnati; Xu, Ye [ORNL; Guliants, Vadim V. [University of Cincinnati

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

A class of infinite-dimensional representations of the Lie superalgebra osp(2m+1|2n) and the parastatistics Fock space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An orthogonal basis of weight vectors for a class of infinite-dimensional representations of the orthosymplectic Lie superalgebra osp(2m+1|2n) is introduced. These representations are particular lowest weight representations V(p), with a lowest weight of the form [-p/2,...,-p/2|p/2,...,p/2], p being a positive integer. Explicit expressions for the transformation of the basis under the action of algebra generators are found. Since the relations of algebra generators correspond to the defining relations of m pairs of parafermion operators and n pairs of paraboson operators with relative parafermion relations, the parastatistics Fock space of order p is also explicitly constructed. Furthermore, the representations V(p) are shown to have interesting characters in terms of supersymmetric Schur functions, and a simple character formula is also obtained.

Stoilova, N I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

STEM HAADF Image Simulation of the Orthorhombic M1 Phase in the Mo-V-Nb-Te-O Propane Oxidation Catalyst  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A full frozen phonon multislice simulation of high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF STEM) images from the M1 phase of the Mo-V-Nb-Te-O propane oxidation catalyst has been performed by using the latest structural model obtained using the Rietveld method. Simulated contrast results are compared with experimental HAADF images. Good agreement is observed at ring sites, however significant thickness dependence is noticed at the linking sites. The remaining discrepancies between the model based on Rietveld refinement and image simulations indicate that the sampling of a small volume element in HAADF STEM and averaging elemental contributions of a disordered site in a crystal slab by using the virtual crystal approximation might be problematic, especially if there is preferential Mo/V ordering near the (001) surface.

D Blom; X Li; S Mitra; T Vogt; D Buttrey

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

392

Risk based optimization procedures applied to the remediation of uranium mining and milling sites in Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The remediation of former uranium mining and milling sites in the Eastern part of Germany represents a major environmental challenge. Due to the size and complexity of the sites and the significance of current and potential long term environmental impacts, effective approaches are required for the planning, implementation and regulatory control of reclamation measures. These have to ensure adequate protection for the people and the environment taking into account the long term nature of the hazards and the technical and economical constraints. The German regulatory framework is based upon ICRP principles of dose limitation, justification and optimization (ALARA). Application of these criteria requires as a first step the assessment of prevailing exposures and their potential long term evolution for each site. These risk assessments are based upon site characterization studies and the modelling of contaminant transfer to the environment and to man. Evaluation of the prevailing and potential future risks leads to the identification of remediation necessities. The subsequent planning of remediation measures is highly site specific and relies on the identification of possible reclamation options and their capability to reduce real risks to acceptable levels. The selection of the reclamation measures which will actually be implemented is performed within an optimization process involving assessments of possible risk reduction, technological feasibility, costs, long term stability, continuing requirements for long term active or passive institutional control and public acceptance.

Goldammer, W.; Barthel, R. [Brenk Systemplanung, Aachen (Germany)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

393

The evolution of the break preclusion concept for nuclear power plants in Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the updating of the Guidelines for PWR`s of the {open_quotes}Reaktor-Sicherheitskommission{close_quotes} (RSK) in 1981 the requirements on the design have been changed with respect to the postulated leaks and breaks in the primary pressure boundary. The major change was a revision in the requirements for pipe whip protection. As a logical consequence of the {open_quotes}concept of basic safety{close_quotes} a guillotine type break or any other break type resulting in a large opening is not postulated any longer for the calculation of reaction and jet forces. As an upper limit for a leak an area of 0, 1 A (A = open cross section of the pipe) is postulated. This decision was based on a general assessment of the present PWR system design in Germany. Since then a number of piping systems have been requalified in the older nuclear power plants to comply with the break preclusion concept. Also a number of extensions of the concept have been developed to cover also leak-assumptions for branch pipes. Furthermore due considerations have been given to other aspects which could contribute to a leak development in the primary circuit, like vessel penetrations, manhole covers, flanges, etc. Now the break preclusion concept originally applied to the main piping has been developed into an integrated concept for the whole pressure boundary within the containment and will be applied also in the periodic safety review of present nuclear power plants.

Schulz, H. [Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit, Koeln (Germany)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Reply to Guy et al.: Support for a bottleneck in the 2011 Escherichia coli O104:H4 outbreak in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In our paper (1), we analyzed isolates from the Escherichia coli O104:H4 outbreaks in Germany and France in May to July 2011. We concluded that, although the German outbreak was larger, the German isolates represent a clade ...

Grad, Y. H.

395

A review of "Self-Defense and Religious Strife in Early Modern Europe. England and Germany 1530-1630." by Robert von Friedeburg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Self-Defense and Religious Strife in Early Modern Europe. England and Germany 1530-1630. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002. xii + 278 pp. $99.95. Review by PAUL M. DOVER, KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITY. With the advent of the religious controversies..., strong governmental authority, and a rigid social hierarchy, active resistance raised many dilemmas. It exercised the minds of intellectuals and common- ers alike in both Germany and the British Isles in the early modern period. Open resistance...

Paul M. Dover

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Heavy-metal contamination on training ranges at the Grafenwoehr Training Area, Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large quantities of lead and other heavy metals are deposited in the environment of weapons ranges during training exercises. This study was conducted to determine the type, degree, and extent of heavy-metal contamination on selected handgun, rifle, and hand-grenade ranges at Grafenwoehr Training Area, Germany. Soil, vegetation, and surface-water samples were collected and analyzed using the inductively-coupled plasma atomic-emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) method and the toxic characterization leaching procedure (TCLP). The ICP-AES results show that above-normal levels of lead and copper are in the surface soil at the handgun range, high concentrations of lead and copper are in the berm and soil surface at the rifle range, and elevated levels of cadmium and above-normal concentrations of arsenic, copper, and zinc are present in the surface soil at the hand-grenade range. The TCLP results show that surface soils can be considered hazardous waste because of lead content at the rifle range and because of cadmium concentration at the hand-grenade range. Vegetation at the handgun and rifle ranges has above-normal concentrations of lead. At the hand-grenade range, both vegetation and surface water have high levels of cadmium. A hand-held X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrum analyzer was used to measure lead concentrations in soils in a field test of the method. Comparison of XRF readings with ICP-AES results for lead indicate that the accuracy and precision of the hand-held XRF unit must improve before the unit can be used as more than a screening tool. Results of this study show that heavy-metal contamination at all three ranges is limited to the surface soil; heavy metals are not being leached into the soil profile or transported into adjacent areas.

Zellmer, S.D.; Schneider, J.F.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Adsorption of propane, isopropyl, and hydrogen on cluster models of the M1 phase of Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst possessing the M1 phase structure is uniquely capable of directly converting propane into acrylonitrile. However, the mechanism of this complex eight-electron transformation, which includes a series of oxidative H-abstraction and N-insertion steps, remains poorly understood. We have conducted a density functional theory study of cluster models of the proposed active and selective site for propane ammoxidation, including the adsorption of propane, isopropyl (CH{sub 3}CHCH{sub 3}), and H which are involved in the first step of this transformation, that is, the methylene C-H bond scission in propane, on these active site models. Among the surface oxygen species, the telluryl oxo (Te=O) is found to be the most nucleophilic. Whereas the adsorption of propane is weak regardless of the MO{sub x} species involved, isopropyl and H adsorption exhibits strong preference in the order of Te=O > V=O > bridging oxygens > empty Mo apical site, suggesting the importance of TeO{sub x} species for H abstraction. The adsorption energies of isopropyl and H and consequently the reaction energy of the initial dehydrogenation of propane are strongly dependent on the number of ab planes included in the cluster, which points to the need to employ multilayer cluster models to correctly capture the energetics of surface chemistry on this mixed metal oxide catalyst.

Govindasamy, Agalya [University of Cincinnati; Muthukumar, Kaliappan [University of Cincinnati; Yu, Junjun [University of Cincinnati; Xu, Ye [ORNL; Guliants, Vadim V. [University of Cincinnati

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Analysis of the AlGaN/GaN vertical bulk current on Si, sapphire, and free-standing GaN substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The vertical bulk (drain-bulk) current (I{sub db}) properties of analogous AlGaN/GaN hetero-structures molecular beam epitaxially grown on silicon, sapphire, and free-standing GaN (FS-GaN) have been evaluated in this paper. The experimental I{sub db} (25-300 Degree-Sign C) have been well reproduced with physical models based on a combination of Poole-Frenkel (trap assisted) and hopping (resistive) conduction mechanisms. The thermal activation energies (E{sub a}), the (soft or destructive) vertical breakdown voltage (V{sub B}), and the effect of inverting the drain-bulk polarity have also been comparatively investigated. GaN-on-FS-GaN appears to adhere to the resistive mechanism (E{sub a} = 0.35 eV at T = 25-300 Degree-Sign C; V{sub B} = 840 V), GaN-on-sapphire follows the trap assisted mechanism (E{sub a} = 2.5 eV at T > 265 Degree-Sign C; V{sub B} > 1100 V), and the GaN-on-Si is well reproduced with a combination of the two mechanisms (E{sub a} = 0.35 eV at T > 150 Degree-Sign C; V{sub B} = 420 V). Finally, the relationship between the vertical bulk current and the lateral AlGaN/GaN transistor leakage current is explored.

Perez-Tomas, A.; Fontsere, A.; Llobet, J. [IMB-CNM-CSIC, Campus UAB, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, CAT (Spain); Placidi, M. [IREC, Jardins Dones de Negre 1, 08930 Sant Adria de Besos, Barcelona (Spain); Rennesson, S.; Chenot, S.; Moreno, J. C.; Cordier, Y. [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); Baron, N. [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); PICOGIGA International, Pl M. Rebuffat, Courtaboeuf 7, 91140 Villejust (France)

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

399

HLW Return from France to Germany - 15 Years of Experience in Public Acceptance and Technical Aspects - 12149  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since in 1984 the national reprocessing concept was abandoned the reprocessing abroad was the only existing disposal route until 1994. With the amendment of the Atomic Energy Act in 2001 spent fuel management changed completely since from 1 June 2005 any delivery of spent fuel to reprocessing plants was prohibited and the direct disposal of spent fuel became mandatory. Until 2005 the total amount of spent fuel to be reprocessed abroad added up to 6080 t HM, 5309 t HM thereof in France. The waste generated from reprocessing - alternatively an equivalent amount of radioactive material - has to be returned to the country of origin according to the commercial contracts signed between the German utilities and COGEMA, now AREVA NC, in France and BNFL, now INS in UK. In addition the German and the French government exchanged notes with the obligation of both sides to enable and support the return of reprocessing residues or equivalents to Germany. The return of high active vitrified waste from La Hague to the interim storage facility at Gorleben was demanding from the technical view i. e. the cask design and the transport. Unfortunately the Gorleben area served as a target for nuclear opponents from the first transport in 1996 to the latest one in 2011. The protection against sabotage of the railway lines and mass protests needed highly improved security measures. In France and Germany special working forces and projects have been set up to cope with this extraordinary situation. A complex transport organization was established to involve all parties in line with the German and French requirements during transport. The last transport of vitrified residues from France has been completed successfully so far thus confirming the efficiency of the applied measures. Over 15 years there was and still is worldwide no comparable situation it is still unique. Summing up, the exceptional project handling challenge that resulted from the continuous anti-nuclear civil disobedience in Germany over the whole 15-year long project running time could be faced efficiently. It has to be concluded that despite of all problems the anti-nuclear activities have caused so far, all transports of vitrified HLW have always been completed successfully by adapting the commonly established safety, security and public acceptance measures to the special conditions and needs in Germany and coordinating the activities of all parties involved but at the expense of high costs for industry and government and a challenging operational complexity. Apart from an anticipatory project planning a good communication between all involved industrial parties and the French and the German government was the key to the effective management of such shipments and to minimize the radiological, economic, environmental, public and political impact. The future will show how efficiently the gained experience can be used for further return projects which are to be realized since no reprocessed waste has yet been returned from UK and neither the medium-level nor the low-level radioactive waste has been transferred from France to Germany. (author)

Graf, Wilhelm [GNS Gesellschaft fuer Nuklear-Service mbH, 45127 Essen (Germany)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

24th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Hamburg, Germany, Sept. 2009 HIGLY PREDICTIVE MODELLING OF ENTIRE SI SOLAR CELLS FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On leave from: Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Sun Yat-Sen University, 510006, Guangzhou, China24th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Hamburg, Germany, Sept. 2009 1 HIGLY PREDICTIVE MODELLING OF ENTIRE SI SOLAR CELLS FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS P.P. Altermatt,1,2 S. Steingrube,1,2 Y. Yang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

3rd Work. for Young Researchers on Human-Friendly Robotics, Oct. 2010, Tubingen, Germany Towards Bilateral Teleoperation of Multi-Robot Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. For instance, robots are expected to relieve us from monotonous and physically demanding work in industrial.g., telepresence applications where the human operator capabilities are mediated/magnified by the remote robots3rd Work. for Young Researchers on Human-Friendly Robotics, Oct. 2010, T¨ubingen, Germany Towards

402

2004 35thAnnual IEEE Power Electronics SpecialistsConference Aachen, Germany. 2004 Digital Controller Design for Electronic Ballasts with Phase Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004 35thAnnual IEEE Power Electronics SpecialistsConference Aachen, Germany. 2004 Digital Controller Design for Electronic Ballasts with Phase Control Yan Yin and Regan Zane Colorado Power Electronics Center University of Colorado at Boulder Boulder, CO 80309-0425 yiny@colorado.edu, zane

403

I.N. Sviatoslavsky, M.E. Sawan, E.A. Mogahed, University of Wisconsin S. Malang, Fusion Nuclear Technology Consulting, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology Consulting, Germany C.P.C. Wong, M. Friend, General Atomics S. Majumdar, Argonne National Blanket 681°C 616 °C Mixer He 480°C 660 °C HX 500 °C 500°C Outboard to turbine 681°C 500 °C586 °C 681°C

404

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Black Forest Germany for the Convective and Orographically Induced Precipitation Study (COPS)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The primary goal of the ARM Program is to improve the treatment of cloud and radiation physics in global climate models in order to improve the climate simulation capabilities of these models. ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to other sites as determined. In 2007 the AMF operated in the Black Forest region of Germany as part of the Convective and Orographically Induced Precipitation Study (COPS). Scientists studied rainfall resulting from atmospheric uplift (convection) in mountainous terrain, otherwise known as orographic precipitation. This was part of a six -year duration of the German Quantitative Precipitation Forecasting (QPF) Program. COPS was endorsed as a Research and Development Project by the World Weather Research Program. This program was established by the World Meteorological Organization to develop improved and cost-effective forecasting techniques, with an emphasis on high-impact weather. A large collection of data plots based on data streams from specific instruments used at Black Forest are available via a link from ARM's Black Forest site information page. Users will be requested to create a password, but the plots and the data files in the ARM Archive are free for viewing and downloading.

405

Factors affecting lead, cadmium, and arsenic levels in house dust in a smelter town in eastern Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hettstedt, a city in eastern Germany with a long history of mining and smelting of nonferrous ores, has several industrial sources of heavy metals. The indoor exposure to metals of children (5 to 14 years old) in the Hettstedt area was assessed by measuring the levels of lead, cadmium, and arsenic contamination in sedimented house dust. Factors which influence the dust loading rate and the surface loading rates of these contaminants in house dust were investigated. The geometric mean of the dust loading rate was 8.9 mg/m[sup 2] day. The geometric means of surface loading rates were 1.14, 0.024, and 0.023 [micro]g/m[sup 2] day for lead, cadmium, and arsenic, respectively. Factors that were significantly associated with surface loading rates included the city area of residence, automobile traffic near home, parent with occupational exposure to heavy metals, type of heating, housing characteristics, whether child's home is damp, number of persons living in the child's home,and parents' education. The most significant of these factors was the city area of residence, which reflects the distance from the metal sources; this factor accounted for about half of the variances explained by the regression models.

Meyer, I.; Heinrich, J. (GSF-Forschungszentrum fuer Umwelt und Gesundheit, Neuherberg (Germany). Inst. fuer Epidemiologie); Lippold, U. (Inst. fuer Wasser-, Boden- und Lufthygiene des Umweltbundesamtes Berlin (Germany))

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

EA-1977: Acceptance and Disposition of Used Nuclear Fuel Containing U.S.-Origin Highly Enriched Uranium from the Federal Republic of Germany  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This environmental assessment (EA) will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of a DOE proposal to accept used nuclear fuel from the Federal Republic of Germany at DOE’s Savannah River Site (SRS) for processing and disposition. This used nuclear fuel is composed of kernels containing thorium and U.S.-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) embedded in small graphite spheres that were irradiated in nuclear reactors used for research and development purposes.

407

CMS Videos & Magnet M1 Website  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Doing 8 weeks internship in CERN gave me the opportunity to learn new skills and experiences. CERN is an organization where they operate the world's largest particle physics laboratory. Working on projects as a student is important to prepare for the work after the graduation. In this report, I will discuss the projects that I was assigned to, which are website upgrading, sketching drawings, and video editing, and present the results and compare them with the old ones.

Almakhrazi, Majed Ahmed

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

jp501776m 1..11  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Strain Effects on the Water-Graphene Interfacial and Confinement Behavior Ariel A. Chialvo,* , Lukas Vlcek, , and Peter T. Cummings Chemical Sciences Division...

409

Cours de Sismologie M1 R. Madariaga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stations: jij ttr ,obsiobs,,obs -= 11 ---= k kjk k kikij xx c xx c r 2 0 2 0,calc )( 1 )( 1 On localise

Madariaga, Raúl

410

Federal Republic of Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Business process re-engineering is becoming a main focus in today’s efforts to overcome problems and deficits in the automotive and aerospace industries (e.g., integration in international markets, product complexity, increasing number of product variants, reduction in product development time and cost). In this paper, we investigate the steps needed to apply virtual reality (VR) for virtual prototyping (VP) to verify assembly and maintenance processes. After a review of today’s business process in vehicle prototyping, we discuss CAD-VR data integration and identify new requirements for design quality. We present several new interaction paradigms so that engineers and designers can experiment naturally with the prototype. Finally, some results of a user survey performed at BMW are presented, showing the acceptance and feasability of VP and the paradigms implemented for our key process. The results show that VR will play an important role for VP in the near future.

Antonino Gomes De S; Gabriel Zachmann

411

Made in Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This supplement was prepared in collaboration with the Association of German Mining Machine Manufacturers within VDMA to give an overview of German manufacturers' contribution to the coal industry. It has 18 short papers and a VDMA vendor matrix and directory. Papers include details of MAN Takraf's surface mining equipment, hydraulic shovels and excavators from Komatsu, Liebherr and Terex O & K, Siemens motors and electric control technology in trucks, shovels etc., new technology from DBT, IBS and Wirth, and low emission engines and drives from Deutz and DaimlerCrysler. 2 figs.

NONE

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Evaluation of the utilities energy monitoring and control system installed at the US Army, Europe, Pirmasens and 97th Base Support Battalion, Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Authorized under an interagency agreements between the US Department of Energy and the US Army, evaluation of the utilities energy monitoring and control system (UEMCSs) operating at selected US Army installations in Heidelberg, Goeppingen, Pirmasens, and Baumholder, Germany, is nearing completion. This report specifically presents the results of the evaluation of the UEMCS installed at USAREUR, 21st Theater Army Area Command (TAACOM), Pirmasens and 97th Base Support Battalion, which is operated by the Directorate of Engineering and Housing (DEH) Utilities Division. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was selected by Headquarters, USAREUR, Facilities Engineering Division, Utilities and Energy Branch in Heidelberg to evaluated the overall effectiveness and energy efficiency of UEMCSs at four US Army installations in Germany. The third of these systems to be evaluated, which is the scope of this report, is the UEMCS installed at Pirmasens. This evaluation relies upon existing data and information and does not involve introducing metering and instrumentation for the purpose of measuring installation energy use. The primary purpose of this evaluation is to take an in-depth look at the overall performance and effectiveness of the UEMCS installed at Pirmasens to see if it is achieving its operational objectives by resulting in energy and cost savings.

Broders, M.A.; McConnell, B.W.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Radiative rates for E1, E2, M1, and M2 transitions in the Br-like ions Sr IV, Y V, Zr VI, Nb VII, and Mo VIII  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energies and lifetimes are reported for the lowest 375 levels of five Br-like ions, namely Sr~IV, Y~V, Zr~VI, Nb~VII, and Mo~VIII, mostly belonging to the 4s$^2$4p$^5$, 4s$^2$4p$^4$4$\\ell$, 4s4p$^6$, 4s$^2$4p$^4$5$\\ell$, 4s$^2$4p$^3$4d$^2$, 4s4p$^5$4$\\ell$, and 4s4p$^5$5$\\ell$ configurations. Extensive configuration interaction has been included and the general-purpose relativistic atomic structure package ({\\sc grasp}) has been adopted for the calculations. Additionally, radiative rates are listed among these levels for all E1, E2, M1, and M2 transitions. From a comparison with the measurements, the majority of our energy levels are assessed to be accurate to better than 2\\%, although discrepancies between theory and experiment for a few are up to 6\\%. An accuracy assessment of the calculated radiative rates (and lifetimes) is more difficult, because no prior results exist for these ions.

Aggarwal, K M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Frankfurt, Germany, 24-28 September 2012, 2AO.2.4 HIGH EFFICIENCY BACK-CONTACT BACK-JUNCTION SILICON SOLAR CELLS WITH CELL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

27th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Frankfurt, Germany, 24-28 September 2012, 2AO.2 cost of energy in photovoltaics can be achieved by increasing the conversion efficiency as well into the surface of a thick silicon wafer. After sintering at 1100 °C in hydrogen atmosphere silicon is grown

415

27th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Frankfurt, Germany, 24-28 September 2012, 2AO.1.5 IMPACT OF THE REAR SURFACE ROUGHNESS ON INDUSTRIAL-TYPE PERC SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-generation industrial solar cells as stated in the International Technology Roadmap [3]. An industrial PERC process flow27th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Frankfurt, Germany, 24-28 September 2012, 2AO.1.5 IMPACT OF THE REAR SURFACE ROUGHNESS ON INDUSTRIAL-TYPE PERC SOLAR CELLS C.Kranz1 , S. Wyczanowski1 , S

416

In Proc. SPIE 4013-55, UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments VI, Breckinridge & Jacobsen, eds., Munich, Germany, March 2000. Resolving Piston Ambiguities when Phasing a Segmented Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Jacobsen, eds., Munich, Germany, March 2000. Resolving Piston Ambiguities when Phasing a Segmented Mirror light is insensitive to segment piston errors that are a whole number of waves. If the wavefront sensing range of a wavefront sensor can be extended from on the order of ¢¡¤£ 2 in piston to several waves

Löfdahl, Mats

417

Evaluation of the utility and energy monitoring and control system installed at the US Army, Europe, 409th Base Support Battalion, Military Community at Grafenwoehr, Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the provisions of Interagency Agreement DOE 1938-B090-A1 between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Army Europe (USAREUR), Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., is providing technical assistance to USAREUR in the areas of computer science, information engineering, energy studies, and engineering and systems development. One of the initial projects authorized under this interagency agreement is the evaluation of utility and energy monitoring and control systems (UEMCSs) installed at selected US Army installations in Europe. This report is an evaluation of the overall energy-conservation effectiveness and use of the UEMCS at the 409th Base Support Battalion located in Grafenwoehr, Germany. The 409th Base Support Battalion is a large USAREUR military training facility that comprises a large training area, leased housing, the main post area, and the camp areas that include Camps Aachen, Algier, Normandy, Cheb, and Kasserine. All of these facilities are consumers of electrical and thermal energy. However, only buildings and facilities in the main post area and Camps Aachen, Algier, and Normandy are under the control of the UEMCS. The focus of this evaluation report is on these specific areas. Recommendations to further increase energy and cost savings and to improve operation of the UEMCS are proposed.

Broders, M.A.; Ruppel, F.R.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Possibilities and limitations of life cycle assessment (LCA) in the development of waste utilization systems - Applied examples for a region in Northern Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Against the background of increasing concerns about climate change, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions has become an integral part of processes in both the waste management and the energy industries. This is reflected in the development of new waste treatment concepts, in which domestic and commercial waste is treated with the aim of utilizing its energy content, while at the same time recycling as much of its material content as possible. Life cycle assessment (LCA) represents a method of assessing the environmental relevance of a waste management system, the basis of which is a material flow analysis of the system in question. GHG emissions from different options for thermal treatment and energy recovery from waste as applied to a region in Northern Germany have been analyzed by the LCA approach and an indicative LCA, which only considers those emissions resulting from operating stages of the system. Operating stages have the main share of emissions compared to pre-processing stages. Results show that through specific separation of waste material flows and highly efficient energy recovery, thermal treatment and energy generation from waste can be optimized resulting in reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases. There are also other areas of waste utilization, currently given little attention, such as the solar drying of sewage sludge, which can considerably contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

Wittmaier, M. [Institute for Recycling and Environmental Protection at Bremen University of Applied Sciences GmbH, Neustadtswall 30, 28199 Bremen (Germany)], E-mail: wittmaier@hs-bremen.de; Langer, S.; Sawilla, B. [Institute for Recycling and Environmental Protection at Bremen University of Applied Sciences GmbH, Neustadtswall 30, 28199 Bremen (Germany)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

LD Didactic GmbH . Leyboldstrasse 1 . D-50354 Huerth / Germany . Phone: (02233) 604-0 . Fax: (02233) 604-222 . e-mail: info@ld-didactic.de Kinetic theory of gases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LD LD Didactic GmbH . Leyboldstrasse 1 . D-50354 Huerth / Germany . Phone: (02233) 604-0 . Fax: (02233) 604-222 . e-mail: info@ld-didactic.de P2.5.3.1 Physics Leaflets Heat Kinetic theory of gases of degrees of freedom of the gas molecules: Rf 2 1 CV = (VI) ©by LD Didactic GmbH Printed in the Federal

Allen, Roland E.

420

ARM - News from the Gan Island Deployment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC : XDCResearchWarmingMethane Background InformationNewsMedia Contact

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Wegelerstrae # . ##### Bonn . Germany phone +## ### ###### . fax +## ### ######  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1 Equilibrated Systems 45 3.1.1 Carbon Nanotubes 45 3.1.2 Polyethylene Matrices 47 3.1.3 Composites 47 3 [7]. Due to these properties, carbon nanotubes can be used to reinforce polymer composites. Here in the materials research community. Meanwhile, some nanotube composite materials have been characterized experi

Ferrari, Patrik L.

422

Perseus (Germany) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange CountyPennsylvania/Geothermal

423

AMF Deployment, Black Forest, Germany  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |November 2011Astudies smartHistory:CONTR.l\CT

424

Immosolar Germany | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:GreerHiCalifornia:ISI SolarIdanha,Information Jump

425

Motif list Expression data Motif combination (M1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pm #12;K T k k PI score PID(M) PID(R ) PI score = log (PID(M)/PID(R)) PID(M) PID(R ) k k k 0.2-0.3 0

426

THfE UNIIVEIITY M1athematics Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYSIS Karl Nickel This document has been approved for public release and sale; its distribution) by the following interval Newton method: -2- #1136 #12;X(0) · ·(0) "appropriate" ;Ev' := n ,fxvXV (4) x(v+l) E ·(v

Kreinovich, Vladik

427

SAMPLING METHODS: A LIST OF SOURCES M.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for sampling methods are available through online literature databases; Federal, State, and university libraries; the internet; and other sources. M.2 List of Sources Department of Energy (DOE). 1987, Safety, and Health, Office of Environmental Audit, Washington, D.C. ! General Description of Document

428

Molecular analysis of Streptococcus pyogenes M1 protein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bakers dimercurial uranyl nitrate hexahydrate potassiumIII) nitrate potassium hexachloroplatinate uranyl acetate

McNamara, Case W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Energy (cm-1 MolarExtinctionCoefficient(M-1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chloroform Dichloromethane Acetonitrile -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 -1 Time (ps) OD(mOD) -0.8 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0 0.2 0 in acetonitrile following photoexcitation at 266 nm. Measured at probe frequencies ranging from1820 cm-1 to 1920- stretch fundamental transition of ClNO dis- solved in acetonitrile following 266-nm pho- tolysis

Reid, Philip J.

430

ARM - VAP Product - visstpx04m1rv1minnis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)Productssondeadjustsondeadjust Documentation Data Managementg15v4minnis Documentation visst :

431

ARM - VAP Product - visstpx04m1rv3minnis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)Productssondeadjustsondeadjust Documentation Data Managementg15v4minnis Documentation visst :rv3minnis

432

ARM - VAP Product - visstpx04m1rv4minnis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)Productssondeadjustsondeadjust Documentation Data Managementg15v4minnis Documentation visst

433

ARM - VAP Product - visstpx08m1rv4minnis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)Productssondeadjustsondeadjust Documentation Data Managementg15v4minnis Documentation

434

Group M1 Response to the Snowmass 2001 Charge Working Group M1: Muon-Based Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; cost-effective longitudinal manipulation and ionization cooling techniques for reducing transverse emittance; and rapid and efficient acceleration techniques that accommodate large longitudinal, but requirements are more severe. Emittance reduction must include longitudinal cooling ("emittance exchange

435

Requirements of Cask-Storage and Cask-Transport Licensing According to IAEA 1996 Rules for On-Site Storage of Spent Fuel in Germany - From the Utility's Point of View  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As agreed between the German government and the utilities in 2001, all spent fuel assemblies (FAs) are now stored inside spent-fuel casks in on-site storage buildings. With the cask being the only route of FA disposal, cask licensing has become vital not only for cask vendors, but also for the utilities. Recently, the German authorities have taken the switch from the IAEA 1985 to the IAEA 1996 rules as the basis of the cask transport license as an opportunity to open new areas of discussion. One example is the behavior of the fuel assemblies inside the cask during and after the most harmful design accidents. Radiation-induced embrittlement of high-burn-up fuel rods (55-65 GWd/tHM FA-avg.) may cause failure of fuel rods after the 9 m drop. If one conservatively assumes the leak-tight cask to be flooded with water and if one conservatively considers at the same time the fuel released from the high-burn-up rods to be fresh fuel, one can construct a situation with questionable criticality safety. Because of these and similar considerations, the cask licensing procedure in Germany has become difficult and slow. As a result, the German utilities can not reach the FA burn-up levels granted in their operating licenses, as there is no cask type licensed that would suffice. Cask vendors, fuel vendors and utilities must work together to solve this problem. (authors)

Schmidt, Paul; Schmidt, Konrad [EnKK, Obrigheim (Germany); Geiser, Heinz [GNS, Essen (Germany); Schmidt, Paul [EnBW Kernkraft GmbH, KKP-UP, Rheinschanzinsel, 76661 Philippsburg (Germany)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Page 1 of 3 Bonn, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as water and land degradation. Particularly, the section looks at remedial measures, resources availability explore how knowledge on mitigation and adaptation is produced, shared, maintained, and used (or not used

Ferrari, Patrik L.

437

OMV studies ethylene expansion in Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OMV(Vienna) is evaluating plans to debottleneck its ethylene plant at Burghausen from 310,000 m.t./year to at least 400,000 m.t./year. Senior v.p. Jochen Berger says OMV is studying the limits to which the cracker can be expanded. {open_quotes}We`re pretty sure we can go to 400,000 m.t./year, but in two months we`ll have a better idea,{close_quotes} says Berger. The expansion will also depend on the future requirements of downstream operations at the Burghausen site, which include OMV plastics subsidiary PCD`s high-density polyethylene and polypropylene units and the vinyl chloride monomer and polyvinyl chloride units operated by Hoechst-Wacker joint venture Vinnolit.

NONE

1996-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

438

Hamburg, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer County is a countyon State0933482°, -90.0187164°Hamburg,

439

Bonn, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre BiomassTHIS PAGE ISJumpSphereBonita Springs, Florida:Bonn,

440

Munich, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3 ClimateSpurr GeothermalCarmelAlum AreaMultitradeMunhall,Munich,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

GE Wind Energy Germany | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpen EnergyBoard" form. To create aGA SNC Solar JumpGC

442

Wilhelmshaven, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,SaveWhiskey Flats Geothermal Area Jump to:Coop IncElectric

443

GE Global Research Europe in Munich, Germany  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr Flickr Editor's note:ComputingFusion roadmapping aboutGDB GDB

444

Cologne, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDITOhioOglesby,Sullivan,Information Feed Jump to:ElectricCollegiateCologne,

445

Enex Power Germany | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It isInformation Contracts (ESPC)EnergyWorks NorthEnernocEnersol

446

Visit of the Federal President of Germany  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Le D.G. H.Schopper a le plaisir de souhaiter la bienvenue au président de la République fédérale allemande, Richard von Weizsäcker (président féderale de 1984-1994). C'est la première visite d'un président allemand dans l'histoire du Cern.

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

447

Modeling upwelling circulation off the Oregon coast Jianping Gan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-resolution curvilinear grid is utilized. The response of the coastal ocean to forcing by observed wind stress and heat fields. Over the bank the alongshore coastal jet is displaced offshore, and colder upwelled water extends-rich surface waters near the coast. Along the north central part of the Oregon coast between 45°N and 45.5°N

Gan, Jian-Ping

448

Rapid Communications Strong piezoelectricity in individual GaN nanowires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are used as substrates to grow epitaxial optoelectronic devices. This paper models the annealing process, on which one can grow epitax- ial optoelectronic devices with SiGe or other sem- iconductors of a similar

Espinosa, Horacio D.

449

Magnetic characterization of conductance electrons in GaN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Biology, Linko¨ping University, 581 83 Linko¨ping, Sweden Received 5 October 2009, accepted 15 March 2010 donor wave function within effective mass theory (EMT) and a followed up calculation of the hyperfine for intentional doping that allows a variation of the doping concentration. The most powerful tools to investigate

Schmidt, Wolf Gero

450

BAR-ILAN UNIVERSITY (RA) 52900 Ramat-Gan, Israel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.pbworld.com/pdfs/press_releases/saudilandbridge_web.pdf [5] Shatalova E. & Brautlecht N. (2013). Putin Builds North Korea Rail to Circumvent Suez Canal, http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-10-15/putin-builds- north-korea-rail-to-circumvent-suez-canal.html?cmpid=taboola.articles [6

Wiseman, Yair

451

ARM - Field Campaign - AMIE-Gan Ancillary Disdrometer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01)3, 2010September 30,JuneMayIII ARM Data

452

ARM - Field Campaign - ARM MJO Investigation Experiment on Gan Island  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01)3, 2010September 30,JuneMayIII ARMgovCampaignsARM LBNL

453

Lu Gan | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fund Las ConchasTrail of a martian20085816 2.460 2.430Lower

454

ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology, 1 (1) M1-M5 (2012) M1 2162-8769/2012/1(1)/M1/5/$28.00 The Electrochemical Society  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Lamar University, Beaumont, Texas 77710, USA bDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Lamar University

Guo, John Zhanhu

455

Part I--Mechanics J04M.1--Bead on a Wire (J06M.3) J04M.1--Bead on a Wire (J06M.3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

axis with constant angular velocity . Earth's gravity causes acceler- ation g in the negative z Law Central Force (J06M.2) Problem A particle of mass m moves in an attractive, power-law central force, F r-n . Define constant k so that the potential energy is U(r) = - k rn-1 . The particle is set

Petta, Jason

456

Water/Wastewater Engineering Report (Storm Sewer/Infiltration Sanitary Sewage Separation-M1 Model)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption Due to Rain......................... 21 Table 10. Annual and OSD Period Electricity Savings.................................................... 22 Table 11. Calculation of Growth Factor from 1999 to 2007.../2010. .................................. 22 Table 12. Electricity Savings in 2007 and 2010 Using Base Year 1999.......................... 22 Table 13. Calculation of Growth Factor from 2002 to 2007/2010. .................................. 22 Table 14. Electricity Savings in 2007 and 2010...

Liu, Z.; Brumbelow, K.; Haberl, J. S.

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

457

08.01.01.M1 Civil Rights Compliance Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY RULE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Discrimination, sexual harassment, or related retaliation complaint procedures are initiated by filing for the receipt, investigation, and resolution of discrimination, sexual harassment, or related retaliation complaints as required by System Regulation 08.01.01 Sections 1.1 and 1.2. Rule and Responsibilities 1

Behmer, Spencer T.

458

TP 1 M1 Informatique Apprentissage Automatique Premi`eres classifications : apprentissage et evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de crit`eres observ´es sur 3 esp`eces diff´erentes d'iris de Gasp´esie (Setosa, Versicolor, Verginica suivant : def plot_2D(data, target, target_names): colors = cycle('rgbcmykw') # cycle de couleurs target_ids = range(len(target_names)) pl.figure() for i, c, label in zip(target_ids, colors, target_names): Universit

Denis, François

459

TP 1 M1 Informatique Apprentissage Automatique Premi`eres classifications : apprentissage et evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de crit`eres observ´es sur 3 esp`eces diff´erentes d'iris de Gasp´esie (Setosa, Versicolor, Verginica suivant : def plot_2D(data, target, target_names): colors = cycle('rgbcmykw') # cycle de couleurs target_ids = range(len(target_names)) pl.figure() for i, c, label in zip(target_ids, colors, target_names): pl

Denis, François

460

A.E. K.Ris Ris -M -1 ^ 5 Title and author(s)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department or group Metallurgy Group's own registration number(s) A 180 Copies to Library (100) A.R. Mackintosh N.V. Holm C F . Jacobsen F. Juul Metallurgy (40) #12;ISBN nr - B7-!>50-023&-6 - 2 - 1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

M1G / M2G Rotation Summaries Thursday, August 15th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Japan, and two years of part time study at Western Michigan University's Department of Paper Science State football game Medical Scientist Training Program The University of Iowa 2206 MERF, Iowa City, IA on Faculty" video 5:00 pm Photo Expedition and Ice Breaker 6:30 pm Dinner at Moonrakers 126 E. Washington St

Engelhardt, John F.

462

Du, X., Kockelman, K. M. 1 1 TRACKING TRANSPORTATION AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION ACROSS A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

commodities highlight the importance of food 35 and petroleum manufacturing sectors, in terms of production expansions) and exogenous economic shocks (e.g., increases in14 export demands).15 Other spatial IO commodity flows and transportation network flows to17 evaluate the indirect impacts of an unexpected event

Kockelman, Kara M.

463

E-Print Network 3.0 - aflatoxin m1 contamination Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

& Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 5 Displacement ofAflatoxin-Producing Fungi from Cottonseed,...

464

M1L11OR04020102 IASCC initial Assessment Results Rev2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Initial Test Conditions for Experiments to Assess Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking Mechanisms December 2010 Prepared by J.T. Busby and M.N. Gussev Oak Ridge...

465

SECTION M EVALUATION FACTORS FOR AWARD TABLE OF CONTENTS M-1 EVALUATION OF PROPOSALS .....................................................................................2  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Review ofElectronicNORTH LASSOLICITATION, OFFER AND

466

SECTION M EVALUATION FACTORS FOR AWARD TABLE OF CONTENTS M-1 EVALUATION OF PROPOSALS .....................................................................................2  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Review ofElectronicNORTH LASSOLICITATION, OFFER ANDM

467

SI}M!1ARY REPORT ON SITE nnTESTIGATION AND REMOVAL ACTIVITIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PREPARED POR: u~s~ Environmental Protection Agency Region V1:I1 Waste Management Division E·uilding.s~. ~ ~ '" .. ~ ~ '" 10 Site Utilit.ies ~ '" 10 Dx'a·in Syst.em 10 Water Sampling , 10 Soil S'a.mpling ~ '" ., 11 Drl1l1l Protection Agency - Emergency Response Branch (EPA) tasked the Ecology & Environment, Inc" f 'Tec

468

C:\MYDOCS\FBSS-M~1\HATTIE\LAYOUT94.TXT  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS98,,,1999,0,0,1e+15,1469,6,01179,"WAT","HY"Tables andA 6 J (MillionCubic357 Energy1993 Federal

469

STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 25.99.08.M1.01 Communication Allowances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

job responsibilities may be enhanced by the provision of personal communication devices. Departments and operation of personal communication devices under the provisions of this Procedure. Communication Allowances salary supplements for service plans. 1.2 A personal communication device acquired by provisions

470

Search for Resonant Absorption of Solar Axions Emitted in M1 Transition in $^{57}$Fe Nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for resonant absorbtion of 14.4 keV solar axions by $^{57}$Fe target was performed. The Si(Li) detector placed inside the low-background setup was used to detect the $\\gamma$-quanta appearing in the deexcitation of 14.4 keV nuclear level: $A+\\rm{^{57}Fe} \\to \\rm{^{57}Fe^{*}} \\to \\rm{^{57}Fe} + \\gamma$. The new upper limit for the hadronic axion mass have been obtained: $m_{A} \\leq 151$ eV (90% C.L.) ($S$=0.5, $z$=0.56).

A. V. Derbin; A. I. Egorov; I. A. Mitropol'sky; V. N. Muratova; D. A. Semenov; E. V. Unzhakov

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

International Conference on Hydroinformatics HIC 2012, Hamburg, GERMANY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, CA 94305-4020, USA Water shortage is a global problem that has severe implications on economic growth water shortages. Increasing water, food and energy prices, and hampered agricultural productivity have soil damage caused by leaching (due to excessive water application) or draining (due to water shortage

Stanford University

472

Automotive Import Taxation : Trade from Germany to Finland.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The automotive taxation in Finland is high on international standards. Vehicles are be-ing imported to Finland daily. A significant share - over 23 000 automobiles… (more)

Lautamäki, Lassi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Germany and China -an Innovative Partnership in Information Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Stephan STEGLICH, Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems Brief Introduction to CNNIC and IDNGermany and China - an Innovative Partnership in Information Technology Hasso Plattner Institute Internet Society of China (ISC), Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) Innovating information technology

Weske, Mathias

474

Emigration and the Foundation of West Germany, 1933-1963  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assistant Edgar Alexander Emmerich to respond on his behalf.Emmerich informed Schoeps that Barth could not take part inof Lessing’s Nathan, Emmerich argued; to give up the

Strote, Noah Benezra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Institutionalizing Dualism: Complementarities and Change in France and Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The French and German political economies have been significantly reconfigured over the past two decades. Although the changes have often been more piecemeal than revolutionary, their cumulative effects are profound. The ...

Thelen, Kathleen

476

Synchrotron infrared and Raman spectroscopy of microdiamonds from Erzgebirge, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Kazakhstan and the Western Gneiss Region of Norway, and differentiates them from other nitrogen­Mesozoic collisional orogenic belts of Kazakhstan (Kokchetav massif), China (Dabie and Qiadam territories), Norway concentration similar to that of Kazakhstan. In both localities, the diamonds are well preserved, although some

Cartigny, Pierre

477

CLIMATE POLICY OUTCOMES IN GERMANY Environmental Performance and Environmental Damage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in car travel, road freight, and electricity consumption. Research on climate and environmental policies, and be pre- pared for some surprises. Ironically, the most effective government inter- ventions may should focus on somewhat different areas of government intervention and ask different questions. KEYWORDS

Qiu, Weigang

478

MHK Projects/Munich Germany SHP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAK Technologies JumpLuangwa Zambia5.1719°,Crossing ProjectMunich

479

MHK Projects/Rosenheim Germany SHP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IE < MHK Project City Tunica0,LA

480

EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Germany) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It is classified as ASHRAEDuvalJusticeEPS Corp JumpESV

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "germany gan m1" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Germany) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It is classified as ASHRAEDuvalJusticeEPS CorpEVI ElectricEnergy

482

Drag and Circulation Control Flughafenstr. 19, 64347 Griesheim, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Material Sciences from TUD and from external research institutions in Darmstadt and Mainz (Institut für for conducting in-situ measurements on existing wind energy turbines using gloves, which can be put on the rotor blades of turbines. Detailed and time resolved measurements of blade vibrations, on-flow characteristics

Haller-Dintelmann, Robert

483

Down syndrome clusters in Germany after the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In two independent studies using different approaches and covering West Berlin and Bavaria, respectively, highly significant temporal clusters of Down syndrome were found. Both sharp increases occurred in areas receiving relatively low Chernobyl fallout and concomitant radiation exposures. Only for the Berlin cluster was fallout present at the time of the affected meiosis, whereas the Nuremberg cluster preceded the radioactive contamination by 1 month. Hypotheses on possible causal relationships are compared. Radiation from the Chernobyl accident is an unlikely factor, because the associated cumulative dose was so low in comparison with natural background. Microdosimetric considerations would indicate that fewer than 1 in 200 oocyte nuclei would have experienced an ionizing event from Chernobyl radioactivity. Given the lack of understanding of what causes Down syndrome, other than factors associated with increased maternal age, additional research into environmental and infectious risk factors is warranted. 23 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Burkart, W.; Grosche, B.; Schoetzau, A. [Institute for Radiation Hygiene, Oberschleissheim (Germany)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Etelligence (Smart Grid Project) (Cuxhaven, Germany) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (The

485

61.01.02.M0.M1: Public Information Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to resubmit the request to the PIO. 2.2 Public Information Liaison Coordinator (PILC) 2.2.1 University Colleges, Divisions, and Executive Offices shall appoint a primary and secondary PILC to perform public information related functions. 2.2.2 These individuals are formally assigned the role of PILC by the President

486

BENDIX SYSTEMS DIVISION ANN ARa0 R, M1C H NO. Description of SIDE/ CCGE Exper-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the raw and thermalized solar wind particles at the surface of the moon. It will also provide some interface with ALSEP and a single mounting interface, common power and programming electronics, and a common Manager ~ohn Meyers - Project Engineer (Student) Kit Webster - Programming and data reduction (Student

Rathbun, Julie A.

487

29.01.03.M1.09 Information Resources Incident Management Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

likelihood that security incidents could be propagated to other systems beyond departmental control, system, process, store, retrieve, display, and transmit information or data. SIRS ­ Security Incident Reporting follow System Regulation 10.02.01, Control of Fraud, Waste and Abuse. 2.6 If there is a substantial

488

Myeloid-Specific Rictor Deletion Induces M1 Macrophage Polarization and Potentiates In Vivo Pro-Inflammatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) axis plays a central role in attenuating inflammation upon macrophage a mouse model lacking Rictor, an essential mTORC2 component, in myeloid cells. Primary macrophages similarly affected inflammation in vivo, mice were either fed a high fat diet, a situation promoting chronic

Sabatini, David M.

489

OPEN 4:30p.m. 1:00a.m. daily (except University holidays)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Italian, Ranch, Blue Cheese, Balsamic, Caesar Extra Dressing $ .59 6- piece Sushi $5.39 Fresh Fruit $ . 72-Broccoli Tomato Basil Veggie White Chicken Bacon Ranch Your choice of White or Whole Wheat Crust Hot Sandwiches.69 Chicken Caesar Salad $5.89 Chef Salad $5.89 All salads come with one dressing packet. Choice of Dressings

McConnell, Terry

490

29.01.03.M1.06 Information Resources Backup and Recovery Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for off-site storage, shall be documented and reviewed periodically. Additionally, mission critical data shall be backed up on a scheduled basis and stored off-site in a secure, environmentally safe facility decisions by the data owner. 3.3 Physical access controls implemented at off-site backup storage locations

491

21.99.04.M1, Lost, Found, Stolen, or Abandoned Property Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY RULE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The System has provided guidance for the disposition of personal property through regulation 21 ­ Personal property that is outside the possession or control of owner and the owners identity is not readily) will be deposited in the MSC Student Programs Account and managed by MSC Hospitality. Proceeds will be used

492

GaN Nanowire Arrays for High-Output Nanogenerators Chi-Te Huang,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction Energy is the fundamental deciding factor for the sustainable development of human civilization.1 Although our current energy relies on fossil fuels, searching for nanoenabled sustain- able green energy are promising building blocks for future applications of nanodevices with excellent performance, such as laser

Wang, Zhong L.

493

Advanced Low-Cost SiC and GaN Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

single phase * Finalizing control system design - Space vector PWM + sensored FOC, MATLABSimulink simulation, sensor signal conditioning, digital control platform, CAN...

494

Wavelength limits for InGaN quantum wells on GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The emission wavelength of coherently strained InGaN quantum wells (QW) is limited by the maximum thickness before relaxation starts. For high indium contents x>40% the resulting wavelength decreases because quantum confinement dominates. For low indium content x<40% the electron hole wave function overlap (and hence radiative emission) is strongly reduced with increasing QW thickness due to the quantum confined Stark effect and imposes another limit. This results in a maximum usable emission wavelength at around 600?nm for QWs with 40%-50% indium content. Relaxed InGaN buffer layers could help to push this further, especially on non- and semi-polar orientations.

Pristovsek, Markus, E-mail: markus@pristovsek.de [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3QZ (United Kingdom)] [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3QZ (United Kingdom)

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

495

TEM studies of laterally overgrown GaN layers grown on non-polar substrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

73, 1691 (1998). 11. H. Marchand, J.P. Ibbetson, P.T. Fini,1999). 17. P. Fini, H. Marchand, J.P. Ibbetson, B. Moran, L.

Liliental-Weber, Z.; Ni, X.; Morkoc, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

GaN quantum dot superlattices grown by molecular beam epitaxy at high temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P-based optoelectronic devices with Si microelectronic devices. This method uses a Au-Ge eutectic alloy as the bonding. The realization of integrafion of GaAs- and InP-based optoelectronic devices with Si microelectronic components

497

Electric field engineering in GaN high electron mobility transistors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the last few years, AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) have become the top choice for power amplification at frequencies up to 20 GHz. Great interest currently exists in industry and academia to increase ...

Zhao, Xu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Dynamic ON-resistance in high voltage GaN field-effect-transistors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, the development of energy efficient electrical power management systems has received considerable interest due to its potential to realize significant energy savings for the world. With current Si-based power ...

Jin, Donghyun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition Route to GaN Nanowires with Triangular  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-free environment at atmospheric pressure. TMG was kept cool in a -10 °C temperature bath. Nitrogen, used a total nitrogen flow rate of 250 sccm. These were supplied via a 4-mm i.d. quartz tube. Hydrogen and ammonia sources were supplied via a 22-mm i.d. outer quartz tube at a total flow rate of 155 sccm

Yang, Peidong

500

Development of an Infrastructure for the Growth and Characterization of GaN on Nitrided Sapphire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and prospered. To Dr. C. Stinespring and his lab members I would like to thank for the use of the facilities and specifically Jeff Gold for the mass spectrometer measurements. I would also like to thank Dr. C. Stinespring

Myers, Tom