National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for german technische universitat

  1. German Technische Universitat Darmstadt Wins DOE's 2007 Solar Decathlon |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy German Technische Universitat Darmstadt Wins DOE's 2007 Solar Decathlon German Technische Universitat Darmstadt Wins DOE's 2007 Solar Decathlon October 19, 2007 - 3:21pm Addthis University of Maryland Takes 2nd Place; Santa Clara University Takes 3rd Place WASHINGTON, DC - Germany's Technische Universitat Darmstadt has earned top honors in the U.S. Department of Energy's Solar Decathlon competition on the National Mall in Washington, DC. Over the past two weeks, the 2007

  2. German Technische Universitat Darmstadt Wins DOE's 2007 Solar...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ten contests, Communications, as well as Lighting, Comfort Zone, Appliances, Hot Water, Energy Balance, and Getting Around are each worth up to 100 points. The Architecture...

  3. Technischer Warenhandel Heller | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Heller Place: Germany Product: A trade agency for quartz, raw silicon, ingots, wafers, cells and modules. References: Technischer Warenhandel Heller1 This article is a stub. You...

  4. Statement from Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Regarding...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIA's Updated Annual Energy Outlook EIA Report Estimates Growth of U.S. Energy Economy Through 2040 German Technische Universitat Darmstadt Wins DOE's 2007 Solar Decathlon

  5. US/German Workshop

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Proceedings of 3 rd US/German Workshop ii February 14, 2013 Sandia National Laboratories is a multiprogram laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account of work

  6. German Aerospace Center (DLR) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    German Aerospace Center (DLR) Name: German Aerospace Center (DLR) Place: Cologne, Germany Number of Employees: 5001-10,000 Website: www.dlr.deendesktopdefault.a Coordinates:...

  7. German Wind Energy Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    German Wind Energy Association Place: Osnabrck, Germany Zip: 49074 Sector: Wind energy Product: Assocation for the promotion of wind energy in Germany. References: German Wind...

  8. Previous US/German Workshops

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    US/German Workshops - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced

  9. German Biogas Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Association Jump to: navigation, search Name: German Biogas Association Place: Freising, Germany Zip: 85356 Product: The Association represents the interests of biogas plant...

  10. German Aerospace Center DLR | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aerospace Center DLR Jump to: navigation, search Name: German Aerospace Center (DLR) Place: Stuttgart, Germany Zip: 70569 Product: Stuttgart-based, agency that manages the...

  11. German Renewable Energy Federation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Federation Jump to: navigation, search Name: German Renewable Energy Federation Place: Paderborn, Germany Zip: 33100 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Paderborn-based pressure...

  12. German Hydrogen Association DWV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hydrogen Association DWV Jump to: navigation, search Name: German Hydrogen Association (DWV) Place: Berlin, Germany Zip: 12205 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: String...

  13. Clean Energy Partnership CEP German Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Partnership CEP German Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clean Energy Partnership (CEP) German Office Place: Reinhardtstrae 15-17, Berlin, Germany Zip: 10117 Sector:...

  14. The German Wind Energy Institute DEWI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    German Wind Energy Institute DEWI Jump to: navigation, search Name: The German Wind Energy Institute (DEWI) Place: Wilhelmshaven, Germany Zip: 26382 Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  15. German Club for Rural Electrification CLE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electrification CLE Jump to: navigation, search Name: German Club for Rural Electrification (CLE) Place: Freiburg, Germany Zip: 79114 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: German...

  16. {In Archive} Fw: NEPA for German Fuel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fw: NEPA for German Fuel Maxcine Maxted to: lsaraka 11/14/2014 08:14 AM Cc: Drew Grainger Archive: This message is being viewed in an archive. I got this late yesterday. Thanks, Maxcine Maxted (803) 208-0506 pager 20767 ----- Forwarded by Maxcine Maxted/DOE/Srs on 11/14/2014 08:14 AM ----- From: Herbert Crapse/DOE/Srs To: Jean Ridley/DOE/Srs@Srs, Maxcine Maxted/DOE/Srs@SRS, Date: 11/13/2014 02:25 PM Subject: Fw: NEPA for German Fuel As requested. I have reviewed their input for accuracy and find

  17. NREL, German Solar Energy Researchers to Work Together - News Releases |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL NREL, German Solar Energy Researchers to Work Together Scientists from the two nations to collaborate on next-generation PV and fuels June 23, 2011 German and American researchers will work together more closely on solar energy topics as a result of today's signing of a Memo of Understanding (MOU) between the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the German Helmholtz Association. The MOU identifies several key solar energy topics to explore for

  18. Albert Einstein Alerts President Roosevelt of German Atomic Energy Program

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    | National Nuclear Security Administration Albert Einstein Alerts President Roosevelt of German Atomic Energy Program Albert Einstein Alerts President Roosevelt of German Atomic Energy Program Washington, DC Albert Einstein writes President Franklin D. Roosevelt, alerting the President to the importance of research on nuclear chain reactions and the possibility that research might lead to developing powerful bombs. Einstein notes that Germany has stopped the sale of uranium and German

  19. Albert Einstein Alerts President Roosevelt of German Atomic Energy...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Albert Einstein Alerts President Roosevelt of German Atomic Energy Program | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing ...

  20. German Pebble Bed Research Reactor Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Fuel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    German Pebble Bed Research Reactor Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Fuel Environmental Assessment Maxcine Maxted, DOE-SR Used Nuclear Fuel Program Manager June 24, 2014 Public Scoping Meeting

  1. German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety Jump to: navigation, search Logo: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and...

  2. A simple route to synthesize manganese germanate nanorods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pei, L.Z. Yang, Y.; Yuan, C.Z.; Duan Taike; Zhang Qianfeng

    2011-06-15

    Manganese germanate nanorods have been synthesized by a simple route using germanium dioxide and manganese acetate as the source materials. X-ray diffraction observation shows that the nanorods are composed of orthorhombic and monoclinic manganese germanate phases. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy observations display that the manganese germanate nanorods have flat tips with the length of longer than 10 micrometers and diameter of 60-350 nm, respectively. The role of the growth conditions on the formation of the manganese germanate nanorods shows that the proper selection and combination of the growth conditions are the key factor for controlling the formation of the manganese germanate nanorods. The photoluminescence spectrum of the manganese germanate nanorods exhibits four fluorescence emission peaks centered at 422 nm, 472 nm, 487 nm and 530 nm showing the application potential for the optical devices. - Research Highlights: {yields} Manganese germanate nanorods have been synthesized by simple hydrothermal process. {yields} The formation of manganese germanate nanorods can be controlled by growth conditions. {yields} Manganese germanate nanorods exhibit good PL emission ability for optical device.

  3. German Pebble Bed Research Reactor Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Potential Acceptance and Disposition of German Pebble Bed Research Reactor Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Fuel Environmental Assessment Maxcine Maxted, DOE-SR Used Nuclear Fuel...

  4. German Center for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research ZSW | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research ZSW Jump to: navigation, search Name: German Center for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research (ZSW) Place: Stuttgart, Baden-Wrttemberg, Germany...

  5. German Pellets GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pellets GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: German Pellets GmbH Place: Wismar, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany Zip: 23966 Product: Wismar-based pellet producer with a...

  6. PPPL, Princeton University physicists join German Chancellor Angela Merkel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at Wendelstein 7-X celebration | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab PPPL, Princeton University physicists join German Chancellor Angela Merkel at Wendelstein 7-X celebration By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe February 4, 2016 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook An image of the hydrogen plasma inside the Wendelstein 7-X. (Photo by the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics) An image of the hydrogen plasma inside the Wendelstein 7-X. Gallery: A.J. Stewart Smith, Princeton University vice president

  7. DOE to Host Prominent German Scientists for Technical Conference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Prominent German Scientists For Technical Conference CARLSBAD, N.M., April 24, 2001 - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Carlsbad Field Office will host representatives from Germany's top waste management organizations for a technical conference April 25-27 at the Pecos River Village Conference Center in Carlsbad. The conference is co-hosted by Westinghouse TRU Solutions LLC, the management and operating contractor for DOE at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), and Sandia National

  8. PPPL, Princeton University physicists join German Chancellor Angela Merkel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at Wendelstein 7-X celebration | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab PPPL, Princeton University physicists join German Chancellor Angela Merkel at Wendelstein 7-X celebration By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe February 4, 2016 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook An image of the hydrogen plasma inside the Wendelstein 7-X. (Photo by the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics) An image of the hydrogen plasma inside the Wendelstein 7-X. Gallery: A.J. Stewart Smith, Princeton University vice president

  9. Past Presenters at the US/German Workshops

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Past Presenters at the US/German Workshops - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management

  10. U. S. Department of Energy Savannah River Operations Office - German HEU

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Project Documents DOE Logo Search Home / German HEU Project Documents German HEU Project Live Broadcasts None currently scheduled. Past Meetings February 4th 2016 Department of Energy Meeting: VIDEO February 4th 2016 Department of Energy Meeting: Meeting Minutes February 4th 2016 Department of Energy Meeting: Presentation Slides June 24, 2014 German HEU Environmental Assessment Meeting Transcript June 24, 2014 Potential Acceptance & Disposition of Gernam Pebble Bed Reactor Highly

  11. Proceedings of 3rd US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The report provides summary and materials from the third U.S./German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design and Operation (held in New Mexico, October 2012).

  12. Composition and microstructure of zirconium and hafnium germanates obtained by different chemical routes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Utkin, A.V. Prokip, V.E.; Baklanova, N.I.

    2014-01-15

    The phase composition and morphology of zirconium and hafnium germanates synthesized by ceramic and co-precipitation routes were studied. The products were characterized using high-temperature X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermal (TG/DTA) analysis. To investigate the phase composition and stoichiometry of compounds the unit cell parameters were refined by full-profile Rietveld XRD analysis. The morphology of products and its evolution during high-temperature treatment was examined by SEM analysis. It was stated that there is the strong dependence of the phase composition and morphology of products on the preparation route. The ceramic route requires a multi-stage high-temperature treatment to obtain zirconium and hafnium germanates of 95% purity or more. Also, there are strong diffusion limitations to obtain hafnium germanate Hf{sub 3}GeO{sub 8} by ceramic route. On the contrary, the co-precipitation route leads to the formation of nanocrystalline single phase germanates of stoichiometric composition at a relatively low temperatures (less than 1000 C). The results of quantitative XRD analysis showed the hafnium germanates are stoichiometric compounds in contrast to zirconium germanates that form a set of solid solutions. This distinction may be related to the difference in the ion radii of Zr and Hf. - Graphical abstract: The phase composition and morphology of zirconium and hafnium germanates synthesized by ceramic and co-precipitation routes were studied. It was stated that there is the strong dependence of the phase composition and morphology of products on the preparation route. Display Omitted - Highlights: Zr and Hf germanates were synthesized by ceramic and co-precipitation routes. The morphology of products depends on the synthesis parameters. Zirconium germanates forms a set of solid solutions. Hafnium germanates are stoichiometric compounds.

  13. Cold Test Operation of the German VEK Vitrification Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fleisch, J.; Schwaab, E.; Weishaupt, M. [WAK GmbH, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Gruenewald, W.; Roth, G.; Tobie, W. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut fur Nukleare Entsorgung, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    In 2007 the German High-Level Liquid Waste (HLLW) Vitrification plant VEK (Verglasungseinrichtung Karlsruhe) has passed a three months integral cold test operation as final step before entering the hot phase. The overall performance of the vitrification process equipment with a liquid-fed ceramic glass melter as main component proved to be completely in line with the requirements of the regulatory body. The retention efficiency of main radioactive-bearing elements across melter and wet off-gas treatment system exceeded the design values distinctly. The strategy to produce a specified waste glass could be successfully demonstrated. The results of the cold test operation allow entering the next step of hot commissioning, i.e. processing of approximately 2 m{sup 3} of diluted HLLW. In summary: An important step of the VEK vitrification plant towards hot operation has been the performance of the cold test operation from April to July 2007. This first integral operation was carried out under boundary conditions and rules established for radioactive operation. Operation and process control were carried out following the procedure as documented in the licensed operational manuals. The function of the process technology and the safe operation could be demonstrated. No severe problems were encountered. Based on the positive results of the cold test, application of the license for hot operation has been initiated and is expected in the near future. (authors)

  14. Analysis of wind power ancillary services characteristics with German 250-MW wind data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernst, B.

    1999-12-09

    With the increasing availability of wind power worldwide, power fluctuations have become a concern for some utilities. Under electric industry restructuring in the US, the impact of these fluctuations will be evaluated by examining provisions and costs of ancillary services for wind power. This paper analyzes wind power in the context of ancillary services, using data from a German 250 Megawatt Wind project.

  15. Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic properties of novel zinc germanate nano-materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boppana, Venkata Bharat Ram; Hould, Nathan D.; Lobo, Raul F.

    2011-05-15

    We report the first instance of a hydrothermal synthesis of zinc germanate (Zn{sub 2}GeO{sub 4}) nano-materials having a variety of morphologies and photochemical properties in surfactant, template and catalyst-free conditions. A systematic variation of synthesis conditions and detailed characterization using X-ray diffraction, ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and small angle X-ray scattering led to a better understanding of the growth of these particles from solution. At 140 {sup o}C, the zinc germanate particle morphology changes with pH from flower-shaped at pH 6.0, to poly-disperse nano-rods at pH 10 when the Zn to Ge ratio in the synthesis solution is 2. When the Zn to Ge ratio is reduced to 1.25, mono-disperse nano-rods could be prepared at pH 7.5. Nanorod formation is also independent of the addition of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), in contrast to previous reports. Photocatalytic tests show that Zn{sub 2}GeO{sub 4} nano-rods (by weight) and flower shaped (by surface area) are the most active for methylene blue dye degradation among the synthesized zinc germanate materials. -- Graphical abstract: Zinc germanate materials were synthesized possessing unique morphologies dependent on the hydrothermal synthesis conditions in the absence of surfactant, catalyst or template. These novel materials are characterized and evaluated for their photocatalytic activities. Display Omitted highlights: > Zinc germanate synthesized hydrothermally (surfactant free) with unique morphologies. > Flower-shaped, nano-rods, globular particles obtained dependent on synthesis pH. > At 140 {sup o}C, they possess the rhombohedral crystal irrespective of synthesis conditions. > They are photocatalytically active for the degradation of methylene blue. > Potential applications could be photocatalytic water splitting and CO{sub 2} reduction.

  16. 2016 US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel

  17. 2015 US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel

  18. International cooperation and technology transfer, a success U.S. and german environmental technology exchange

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlessman, D.C.

    1995-12-01

    The U.S. - German Annual Environmental Technology Data Exchange (Jahrestagung Umwelttechnologie Datenaustauschabkommen) is coming up on its tenth year, and is a real success story. The 1994 program is the source of this case study, which identifies the lessons learned from nine years of running this international forum to exchange ideas, research, and technology needs. This data exchange is a component of the {open_quotes}Mutual Weapons Development Master Data Exchange Agreement US//GE.{close_quotes} This component focuses on the environmental technology that the two countries military research and development (R&D) communities are working on. Five focus areas of interest for this group are: hazardous material substitutes, air emissions reductions, soil and groundwater contamination characterization and restoration, and demilitarization and disposal of conventional munitions. Under the U.S. - German agreement, scientist and R&D organizations use this agreement to share research results and develop a forum for collaboration on similar work. This study will highlight the scope of the research presented at the 1994 exchange. In addition, the study will capture many lessons learned from administering a successful program that bridged the challenges of distance, culture, language, patient right, and government bureaucracy. A side benefit that is just now being explored is using the forum to have U.S. developed technologies introduced and accepted within the German environmental regulatory community. In these austere days in the two governments, the ultimate success of a program like this is the payback received by customers of the R&D community. The U.S. Army, Europe is one of those fortunate customers.

  19. German Support Program for Retrieval and Safe Storage of Disused Radioactive Sealed Sources in Ukraine - 13194

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pretzsch, Gunter; Salewski, Peter; Sogalla, Martin

    2013-07-01

    The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) on behalf of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany supports the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine (SNRIU) in enhancement of nuclear safety and radiation protection and strengthening of the physical protection. One of the main objectives of the agreement concluded by these parties in 2008 was the retrieval and safe interim storage of disused orphan high radioactive sealed sources in Ukraine. At present, the Ukrainian National Registry does not account all high active radiation sources but only for about 70 - 80 %. GRS in charge of BMU to execute the program since 2008 concluded subcontracts with the waste management and interim storage facilities RADON at different regions in Ukraine as well with the waste management and interim storage facility IZOTOP at Kiev. Below selected examples of removal of high active Co-60 and Cs-137 sources from irradiation facilities at research institutes are described. By end of 2012 removal and safe interim storage of 12.000 disused radioactive sealed sources with a total activity of more than 5,7.10{sup 14} Bq was achieved within the frame of this program. The German support program will be continued up to the end of 2013 with the aim to remove and safely store almost all disused radioactive sealed sources in Ukraine. (authors)

  20. US/German Collaboration in Salt Repository Research, Design and Operation - 13243

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steininger, Walter; Hansen, Frank; Biurrun, Enrique; Bollingerfehr, Wilhelm

    2013-07-01

    Recent developments in the US and Germany [1-3] have precipitated renewed efforts in salt repository investigations and related studies. Both the German rock salt repository activities and the US waste management programs currently face challenges that may adversely affect their respective current and future state-of-the-art core capabilities in rock salt repository science and technology. The research agenda being pursued by our respective countries leverages collective efforts for the benefit of both programs. The topics addressed by the US/German salt repository collaborations align well with the findings and recommendations summarized in the January 2012 US Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future (BRC) report [4] and are consistent with the aspirations of the key topics of the Strategic Research Agenda of the Implementing Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Technology Platform (IGD-TP) [5]. Against this background, a revival of joint efforts in salt repository investigations after some years of hibernation has been undertaken to leverage collective efforts in salt repository research, design, operations, and related issues for the benefit of respective programs and to form a basis for providing an attractive, cost-effective insurance against the premature loss of virtually irreplaceable scientific expertise and institutional memory. (authors)

  1. Safety and Security of Radioactive Sealed and Disused/Orphan Sources in Ukraine - German Contribution - 13359

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brasser, Thomas; Hertes, Uwe; Meyer, Thorsten; Uhlenbruck, Hermann; Shevtsov, Alexey

    2013-07-01

    Within the scope of 'Nuclear Security of Radioactive Sources', the German government implemented the modernization of Ukrainian State Production Company's transport and storage facility for radioactive sources (TSF) in Kiev. The overall management of optimizing the physical protection of the storage facility (including the construction of a hot cell for handling the radioactive sources) is currently carried out by the German Federal Foreign Office (AA). AA jointly have assigned Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH, Germany's leading expert institution in the area of nuclear safety and waste management, to implement the project and to ensure transparency by financial and technical monitoring. Sealed radioactive sources are widely used in industry, medicine and research. Their life cycle starts with the production and finally ends with the interim/long-term storage of the disused sources. In Ukraine, IZOTOP is responsible for all radioactive sources throughout their life cycle. IZOTOP's transport and storage facility (TSF) is the only Ukrainian storage facility for factory-fresh radioactive sources up to an activity of about 1 million Ci (3.7 1016 Bq). The TSF is specially designed for the storage and handling of radioactive sources. Storage began in 1968, and is licensed by the Ukrainian state authorities. Beside the outdated state of TSF's physical protection and the vulnerability of the facility linked with it, the lack of a hot cell for handling and repacking radioactive sources on the site itself represents an additional potential hazard. The project, financed by the German Federal Foreign Office, aims to significantly improve the security of radioactive sources during their storage and handling at the TSF site. Main tasks of the project are a) the modernization of the physical protection of the TSF itself in order to prevent any unauthorized access to radioactive sources as well as b) the construction of a hot cell to reduce the number of transports of radioactive sources within the city of Kiev. In future, the new established hot cell at IZOTOP's transport and storage facility will be useful for identification and characterization of orphan/disused radioactive sources. The projects implemented are performed in accordance with international recommendations (e. g. IAEA) and national normative documents and will make a crucial contribution towards an improved safety and security management of radioactive sources in Ukraine. (authors)

  2. Long-term storage facility for reactor compartments in Sayda Bay - German support for utilization of nuclear submarines in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolff, Dietmar; Voelzke, Holger; Weber, Wolfgang; Noack, Volker; Baeuerle, Guenther

    2007-07-01

    The German-Russian project that is part of the G8 initiative on Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction focuses on the speedy construction of a land-based interim storage facility for nuclear submarine reactor compartments at Sayda Bay near Murmansk. This project includes the required infrastructure facilities for long-term storage of about 150 reactor compartments for a period of about 70 years. The interim storage facility is a precondition for effective activities of decommissioning and dismantlement of almost all nuclear-powered submarines of the Russian Northern Fleet. The project also includes the establishment of a computer-assisted waste monitoring system. In addition, the project involves clearing Sayda Bay of other shipwrecks of the Russian navy. On the German side the project is carried out by the Energiewerke Nord GmbH (EWN) on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour (BMWi). On the Russian side the Kurchatov Institute holds the project management of the long-term interim storage facility in Sayda Bay, whilst the Nerpa Shipyard, which is about 25 km away from the storage facility, is dismantling the submarines and preparing the reactor compartments for long-term interim storage. The technical monitoring of the German part of this project, being implemented by BMWi, is the responsibility of the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM). This paper gives an overview of the German-Russian project and a brief description of solutions for nuclear submarine disposal in other countries. At Nerpa shipyard, being refurbished with logistic and technical support from Germany, the reactor compartments are sealed by welding, provided with biological shielding, subjected to surface treatment and conservation measures. Using floating docks, a tugboat tows the reactor compartments from Nerpa shipyard to the interim storage facility at Sayda Bay where they will be left on the on-shore concrete storage space to allow the radioactivity to decay. For transport of reactor compartments at the shipyard, at the dock and at the storage facility, hydraulic keel blocks, developed and supplied by German subcontractors, are used. In July 2006 the first stage of the reactor compartment storage facility was commissioned and the first seven reactor compartments have been delivered from Nerpa shipyard. Following transports of reactor compartments to the storage facility are expected in 2007. (authors)

  3. Towering oak, the sun - porch house winner of the ''1982 German research award''

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berndt, G.W.P.

    1983-12-01

    The design for this energy-efficient house was developed to suit a benign climate with much rain, wind, and fog. The building's basic construction guarantees the most limited energy-use possible. This is achieved through a unique houseform, which encloses and warms the living spaces with a thick thermal coat: walls = 6'' semi-rigid glass fiber boards, R-19; roof = 10'' foil faced fiber glass, R = 30. Windows are located only on the south side, to ensure optimal sun-ray capture. The housefront consists of a ''sun-porch'' (Sonnenhof), which is a further development of the well-known German ''Wintergarten'' (winter garden). In this climate region, one can only expect a yearly average of five days with a summer temperature of over 25/sup 0/C (77/sup 0/F); however, with a ''sun-porch'' the summer can make itself at home. In winter, the ''sun-porch'' protects against storms and always offers temperatures above the 7/sup 0/C (45/sup 0/F) minimum, a product of the compact roof and double glass with selective coating. On sunny winter days, one may even dine on the balconies. The estimation technique represented here is based on a procedure devised at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, New Mexico, (Passive Solar Handbook, Vol. 2, J.D. Balcomb). ''Towering Oak's'' solar savings fraction = 49.0%; heating load = 2.56 BTU/sq. ft. Better results have yet to be achieved in Germany. In the USA, this could be increased to a solar fraction of up to 90%. Some modifications would, however, be necessary to suit the local climate (sun control devices, etc.).

  4. Decommissioning of German Research Reactors Under the Governance of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research - 12154

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weigl, M. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Projekttraeger Karlsruhe (PTKA-WTE), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    Since 1956, nuclear research and development (R and D) in Germany has been supported by the Federal Government. The goal was to help German industry to become competitive in all fields of nuclear technology. National research centers were established and demonstration plants were built. In the meantime, all these facilities were shut down and are now in a state of decommissioning and dismantling (D and D). Meanwhile, Germany is one of the leading countries in the world in the field of D and D. Two big demonstration plants, the Niederaichbach Nuclear Power Plant (KKN) a heavy-water cooled pressure tube reactor with carbon-dioxide cooling and the Karlstein Superheated Steam Reactor (HDR) a boiling light water reactor with a thermal power of 100 MW, are totally dismantled and 'green field' is reached. Another big project was finished in 2008. The Forschungs-Reaktor Juelich 1 (FRJ1), a research reactor with a thermal power of 10 MW was completely dismantled and in September 2008 an oak tree was planted on a green field at the site, where the FRJ1 was standing before. This is another example for German success in the field of D and D. Within these projects a lot of new solutions and innovative techniques were tested, which were developed at German universities and in small and medium sized companies mostly funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). Some examples are underwater-cutting technologies like plasma arc cutting and contact arc metal cutting. This clearly shows that research on the field of D and D is important for the future. Moreover, these research activities are important to save the know-how in nuclear engineering in Germany and will enable enterprises to compete on the increasing market of D and D services. The author assumes that an efficient decommissioning of nuclear installations will help stabilize the credibility of nuclear energy. Some critics of nuclear energy are insisting that a return to 'green field sites' is not possible. The successful completion of two big D and D projects (HDR and KKN), which reached green field conditions, are showing quite the contrary. Moreover, research on D and D technologies offers the possibility to educate students on a field of nuclear technology, which will be very important in the future. In these days D and D companies are seeking for a lot of young engineers and this will not change in the coming years. (authors)

  5. Decommissioning of German Nuclear Research Facilities under the Governance of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weigl, M. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH, Projekttragerforschungszentrum Karlsruhe (PTKA-WTE), Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    Since the announcement of the first nuclear program in 1956, nuclear R and D in Germany has been supported by the Federal Government under four nuclear programs and later on under more general energy R and D programs. The original goal was to help German industry to achieve safe, low-cost generation of energy and self-sufficiency in the various branches of nuclear technology, including the fast breeder reactor and the fuel cycle. Several national research centers were established to host or operate experimental and demonstration plants. These are mainly located at the sites of the national research centers at Juelich and Karlsruhe. In the meantime, all these facilities were shut down and most of them are now in a state of decommissioning and dismantling (D and D). Meanwhile, Germany is one of the leading countries in the world in the field of D and D. Two big demonstration plants, the Niederaichbach Nuclear Power Plant (KKN) a heavy-water cooled pressure tube reactor with carbon-dioxide cooling and the Karlstein Superheated Steam Reactor (HDR) a boiling light water reactor with a thermal power of 100 MW, are totally dismantled and 'green field' is reached. For two other projects the return to 'green field' sites will be reached by the end of this decade. These are the dismantling of the Multi-Purpose Research Reactor (MZFR) and the Compact Sodium Cooled Reactor (KNK) both located at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. Within these projects a lot of new solutions und innovative techniques were tested, which were developed at German universities and in small and medium sized companies mostly funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). For example, high performance underwater cutting technologies like plasma arc cutting and contact arc metal cutting. (authors)

  6. A new reversal mode in exchange coupled antiferromagnetic/ferromagneti...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona (Spain). Departament de Fisica Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona (Spain). Departament de Fisica; Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona (Spain). ...

  7. Cascade reactions with Technische UniversitätMünchen (TUM)...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... MFI has more sustained performance Kinetic data for alkylation over various types of zeolite at 250 C Catalyst Si Al ratio initial Rate mol catechol g catalyst h K* 1 h ...

  8. Argon–germane in situ plasma clean for reduced temperature Ge on Si epitaxy by high density plasma chemical vapor deposition

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Douglas, Erica A.; Sheng, Josephine J.; Verley, Jason C.; Carroll, Malcolm S.

    2015-06-04

    We found that the demand for integration of near infrared optoelectronic functionality with silicon complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology has for many years motivated the investigation of low temperature germanium on silicon deposition processes. Our work describes the development of a high density plasma chemical vapor deposition process that uses a low temperature (<460 °C) in situ germane/argon plasma surface preparation step for epitaxial growth of germanium on silicon. It is shown that the germane/argon plasma treatment sufficiently removes SiOx and carbon at the surface to enable germanium epitaxy. Finally, the use of this surface preparation step demonstrates anmore » alternative way to produce germanium epitaxy at reduced temperatures, a key enabler for increased flexibility of integration with CMOS back-end-of-line fabrication.« less

  9. Argon–germane in situ plasma clean for reduced temperature Ge on Si epitaxy by high density plasma chemical vapor deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas, Erica A.; Sheng, Josephine J.; Verley, Jason C.; Carroll, Malcolm S.

    2015-06-04

    We found that the demand for integration of near infrared optoelectronic functionality with silicon complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology has for many years motivated the investigation of low temperature germanium on silicon deposition processes. Our work describes the development of a high density plasma chemical vapor deposition process that uses a low temperature (<460 °C) in situ germane/argon plasma surface preparation step for epitaxial growth of germanium on silicon. It is shown that the germane/argon plasma treatment sufficiently removes SiOx and carbon at the surface to enable germanium epitaxy. Finally, the use of this surface preparation step demonstrates an alternative way to produce germanium epitaxy at reduced temperatures, a key enabler for increased flexibility of integration with CMOS back-end-of-line fabrication.

  10. Dismantling of Highly Contaminated Process Installations of the German Reprocessing Facility (WAK) - Status of New Remote Handling Technology - 13287

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dux, Joachim; Friedrich, Daniel; Lutz, Werner; Ripholz, Martina

    2013-07-01

    Decommissioning and dismantling of the former German Pilot Reprocessing Plant Karlsruhe (WAK) including the Vitrification Facility (VEK) is being executed in different Project steps related to the reprocessing, HLLW storage and vitrification complexes /1/. While inside the reprocessing building the total inventory of process equipment has already been dismantled and disposed of, the HLLW storage and vitrification complex has been placed out of operation since vitrification and tank rinsing procedures where finalized in year 2010. This paper describes the progress made in dismantling of the shielded boxes of the highly contaminated laboratory as a precondition to get access to the hot cells of the HLLW storage. The major challenges of the dismantling of this laboratory were the high dose rates up to 700 mSv/h and the locking technology for the removal of the hot cell installations. In parallel extensive prototype testing of different carrier systems and power manipulators to be applied to dismantle the HLLW-tanks and other hot cell equipment is ongoing. First experiences with the new manipulator carrier system and a new master slave manipulator with force reflection will be reported. (authors)

  11. US/German Workshop

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Gulf LNG Liquefaction Company, LLC Docket No. PF13-4-000 Gulf LNG Energy, LLC Gulf LNG Pipelines, LLC NOTICE OF EXTENSION OF TIME (August 27, 2014) On July 31, 2014, the Commission issued a "Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Planned Gulf LNG Liquefaction Project, Request for Comments on Environmental Issues, and Notice of Public Scoping Meeting" (NOI). The NOI identified September 1, 2014 as the close of the scoping period. It has come to our

  12. US/German Workshop

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MidAtl NJ Site Consumption million Btu $0 $700 $1,400 $2,100 $2,800 $3,500 US MidAtl NJ Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US MidAtl NJ Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $400 $800 $1,200 $1,600 US MidAtl NJ Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Average energy consumption (127 million Btu per year) in New Jersey homes and average household energy expenditures ($3,065 per year) are among the

  13. Fabrication and testing of diamond-machined gratings in ZnSe, GaP, and bismuth germanate for the near infrared and visible

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzmenko, P J; Little, S L; Ikeda, Y; Kobayashi, N

    2008-06-22

    High quality immersion gratings for infrared applications have been demonstrated in silicon and germanium. To extend this technology to shorter wavelengths other materials must be investigated. We selected three materials, zinc selenide, gallium phosphide and bismuth germanate (Bi{sub 4}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12}), based on high refractive index, good visible transmission and commercial availability in useful sizes. Crystal samples were diamond turned on an ultra-precision lathe to identify preferred cutting directions. Using this information we diamond-flycut test gratings over a range of feed rates to determine the optimal cutting conditions. For both ZnSe and GaP good surface quality was achieved at feed rates up to 1.0 cm/minute using a special compound angle diamond tool with negative rake angles on both cutting surfaces. The surface roughness of the groove facets was about 4 nm. A Zygo interferometer measured grating wavefront errors in reflection. For the ZnSe the RMS error was < {lambda}/20 at 633nm. More extensive testing was performed with a HeNe laser source and a cooled CCD camera. These measurements demonstrated high relative diffraction efficiency (> 80%), low random groove error (2.0 nm rms), and Rowland ghost intensities at < 0.1%. Preliminary tests on bismuth germanate show high tool wear.

  14. A process oriented analysis of the ``declaration of German industry on global warming prevention'' and its implications for the role of voluntary approaches in post-Kyoto climate policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramesohl, S.; Kristof, K.

    1999-07-01

    Challenged by industry's growing claim for higher self-responsibility and more flexibility, energy and climate policy-makers need to define a future role of voluntary approaches (VA) which realizes the benefits but guarantees environmental effectiveness and political efficiency of these initiatives. Taking the 1996 ``Declaration of German industry on global warming prevention (DGWP)'' as an example of an energy related VA, the paper pursues a dual approach for policy analysis in order to evaluate the static performance and the dynamic process features of the DFWP approach. Transferred to a dynamic model of co-evolutionary climate policy-making, the general conclusions of the German case for climate policy are discussed.

  15. Characterization of hydrogenated amorphous germanium compounds obtained by x-ray chemical vapor deposition of germane: Effect of the irradiation dose on optical parameters and structural order

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arrais, Aldo; Benzi, Paola; Bottizzo, Elena; Demaria, Chiara

    2007-11-15

    Hydrogenated nonstoichiometric germanium materials have been produced by x-ray activated-chemical vapor deposition from germane. The reactions pattern leading to the solid products has been investigated. The dose effect on the composition, the local bonding configuration, and structural characteristics of the deposited solids has been studied using infrared absorption and Raman spectroscopy and has been discussed. Optical parameters have been also determined from ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry data. The results show that the solids are formed by a random bound network of germanium and hydrogen atoms with a-Ge zones dispersed in the matrix. The Raman results and optical parameters indicate that the structural order, both short-range and intermediate-range, decreases with increasing irradiation time. This behavior suggests that the solid is involved in the reactions leading to the final product and indicates that the formation of amorphous germanium zones is stimulated by postdeposition irradiation, which induces compositional and structural modifications.

  16. c5nr01856k 9878..9885 ++

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Universitat de Barcelona, Marti i Franques 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain cDepartament de Fisica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain dICN2 - ...

  17. Previous US/German Workshops

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel ... SubTER Carbon Sequestration Program Leadership EnergyWater Nexus EnergyWater History ...

  18. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Jos Javier Ramasco) - Instituto de Fsica Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos, ... Ramrez-Piscina) - Departament de Fsica Aplicada, Universitat Politcnica de ...

  19. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Physics...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... of Washington at Seattle Meseguer, Alvaro (Alvaro Meseguer) - Departament de Fsica Aplicada, Universitat Politcnica de Catalunya Messalem, Rami (Rami Messalem) - ...

  20. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: --...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... F. Elena) - Instituto de Biologa Molecular y Celular de Plantas, Universitat ... - Departments of Philosophy & Systems Design Engineering, University of Waterloo ...

  1. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Boston University Estalella, Robert (Robert Estalella) - Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Universitat de Barcelona Ettori, Stefano (Stefano Ettori) - Osservatorio ...

  2. EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    US/German

  3. A Contribution to Solve the Problem of the Need for Consolidative Radiotherapy after Intensive Chemotherapy in Advanced Stages of Hodgkin's Lymphoma-Analysis of a Quality Control Program Initiated by the Radiotherapy Reference Center of the German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eich, Hans Theodor Gossmann, Axel; Engert, Andreas; Kriz, Jan; Bredenfeld, Henning; Hansemann, Katja; Skripnitchenko, Roman; Brillant, Corinne; Pfistner, Beate; Staar, Susanne; Diehl, Volker; Mueller, Rolf-Peter

    2007-11-15

    Purpose: The role of radiotherapy (RT) after intensive chemotherapy in patients with advanced stage Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is still unclear. The German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG) randomized HD12 trial was designed to test whether consolidative RT in the region of initial bulky disease and of residual disease is necessary after effective chemotherapy. A quality control program based on a multidisciplinary panel of radiation oncologists, radiologists, and medical oncologists who reviewed all patients' staging and restaging imaging was initiated. Methods and Materials: A total of 1661 patients aged 16 to 65 years with HL in Stage IIB (large mediastinal mass and/or E-lesions) or Stage III to IV were randomized from January 1999 to January 2003 according to a factorial design between: 8 esc.BEACOPP + RT (arm A), 8 esc.BEACOPP non-RT (arm B), 4+4BEACOPP + RT (arm C), 4+4BEACOPP non-RT (arm D). Results: In the fifth interim analysis, 1449 patients were eligible for the arm comparison with regard to RT. After a median observation time of 48 months the FFTF rate was 86% and the OS 92%. The FFTF was 95% in the RT arms A+C and 88% in the non-RT arms B+D: no sequential significant difference. One thousand and eighty four patients were evaluated by the panel. The panel defined initial bulky disease in 800 patients and residual disease in 600 patients. The panel recommended continuation of therapy according to the randomization for 934 of 1084 patients and additive RT independently from the randomization arm for 145 of 1084 patients. Conclusions: The study showed that RT can be reduced substantially after effective chemotherapy. However, because of the irradiation of 10% of patients in the non-RT arms, equivalent effectiveness of a non-RT strategy cannot be proved. A substantial limitation of consolidative RT according to expert panel recommendations appears to be possible without reducing effectiveness.

  4. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Biotechnolog...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Anisotropy Project Eidgenssische Technische Hochschule Zrich (ETHZ), Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatics Engineering, Geodetic Metrology and Engineering Geodesy

  5. New Claus tail-gas process proved in German operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kettner, R.; Liermann, N.

    1988-01-11

    A process for removing sulfur components from Claus-plant tail gases increases sulfur-recovery rates to 99.5%. It has been in use for more than 4 years. In December 1983, a tail-gas cleaning unit was started up for the sulfur-recovery plants of the Nordeutsche Erdgas Aufbereitungsgesellschaft (NEAG) natural-gas treating complex at Voigten, West Germany. NEAG, a joint venture of Exxon, Shell, and Mobil Oil, desulfurizes 7.7 million normal cu m/day (approximately 271.2 million cfd) of sour gas in three plants. Up to 1,050 tons/day of elemental sulfur are produced (Fig. 1). Mobil Oil AG developed the process which has been dubbed the Mobil direct-oxidation process (Modop).

  6. German Aerospace Center (DLR)Feed | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (CER) The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Climate Technology Initiative (CTI) ClimateWorks Foundation Coalition...

  7. China-Sino-German Partnership | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Partner on behalf of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission...

  8. German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Feed | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Brazil. Mon, 06 Jul 2015 15:15:42 Examples of GIZ's work: India reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 163 million tonnes

  9. Application of break preclusion concept in German nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roos, E.; Maier, V.; Nagel, G.

    1997-04-01

    The break preclusion concept is based on {open_quotes}KTA rules{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}RSK guidelines{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}Rahmenspeziflkation Basissicherheit{close_quotes}. These fundamental rules containing for example requirements on material, design, calculation, manufacturing and testing procedures are explained and the technical realisation is shown by means of examples. The proof of the quality of these piping systems can be executed by means of fracture mechanics calculations by showing that in every case the leakage monitoring system already detect cracks which are clearly smaller than the critical crack. Thus the leak before break behavior and the break preclusion concept is implicitly affirmed. In order to further diminish conservativities in the fracture mechanics procedures, specific research projects are executed which are explained in this contribution.

  10. Indo-German Energy Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    objective to "achieve greater energy efficiency in the generation and use of electricity, oil, gas, coal, and renewable energy in all sectors of society, contributing to...

  11. Mexican-German Climate Alliance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (GIZ) Partner SEMARNAT, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission...

  12. Appendix C: Draft GERMAN AVR/HTGR FUEL PROCESSING

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Appeals Appeals stars-932873_960_720.jpg The Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. § 552, and the Privacy Act, 5 U.S.C. § 552a, contain the principles under which executive agencies make information accessible to the public while also protecting privacy rights. The Department of Energy's FOIA and Privacy Act regulations, 10 C.F.R. Parts 1004 and 1008, respectively, state that individuals may request information from the Department of Energy (and in some instances make corrections to that

  13. ION EXCHANGE PERFORMANCE OF TITANOSILICATES, GERMANATES AND CARBON NANOTUBES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alsobrook, A.; Hobbs, D.

    2013-04-24

    This report presents a summary of testing the affinity of titanosilicates (TSP), germanium-substituted titanosilicates (Ge-TSP) and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) for lanthanide ions in dilute nitric acid solution. The K-TSP ion exchanger exhibited the highest affinity for lanthanides in dilute nitric acid solutions. The Ge-TSP ion exchanger shows promise as a material with high affinity, but additional tests are needed to confirm the preliminary results. The MWCNT exhibited much lower affinities than the K-TSP in dilute nitric acid solutions. However, the MWCNT are much more chemically stable to concentrated nitric acid solutions and, therefore, may candidates for ion exchange in more concentrated nitric acid solutions. This technical report serves as the deliverable documenting completion of the FY13 research milestone, M4FT-13SR0303061 measure actinide and lanthanide distribution values in nitric acid solutions with sodium and potassium titanosilicate materials.

  14. 2014 US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design,...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel ... SubTER Carbon Sequestration Program Leadership EnergyWater Nexus EnergyWater History ...

  15. Past Presenters at the US/German Workshops

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel ... SubTER Carbon Sequestration Program Leadership EnergyWater Nexus EnergyWater History ...

  16. 2015 US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design,...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel ... SubTER Carbon Sequestration Program Leadership EnergyWater Nexus EnergyWater History ...

  17. 2016 US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design,...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel ... SubTER Carbon Sequestration Program Leadership EnergyWater Nexus EnergyWater History ...

  18. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Biotechnolog...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Romu (Romu Romero) - Departament de Fsica, Universitat de les Illes Balears Romps, ... Universit di - Dipartimento di Fisica, Laboratorio di Fisica Terrestre Royal ...

  19. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Physics...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Viejo, Diego (Diego Viejo) - Departamento de Ciencia de la Computacin e Inteligencia Artificial, Universitat d'Alacant Vikalo, Haris (Haris Vikalo) - Department of Electrical ...

  20. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Physics...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Francisco (Francisco Escolano) - Departamento de Ciencia de la Computacin e Inteligencia Artificial, Universitat d'Alacant Esener, Sadik C. (Sadik C. Esener) - Department of ...

  1. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... ; Manosa, Lluis ; Planes, Antoni ; Suard, Emmanuelle ; Ouladdiaf, Bachir ; Facultat de Fisica, Departament d'Estructura i Constituents de la Materia, Universitat de Barcelona, ...

  2. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Lunds Universitet Sanahuja, Blai (Blai Sanahuja) - Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Universitat de Barcelona Snchez, Angel "Anxo" (Angel "Anxo" Snchez) - ...

  3. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Carrascoso, Xavier Luri (Xavier Luri Carrascoso) - Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Universitat de Barcelona Carretero, Ricardo (Ricardo Carretero) - Department of ...

  4. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Cientficas Paredes, Josep M. (Josep M. Paredes) - Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Universitat de Barcelona Parga, Nstor (Nstor Parga) - Departamento de Fsica ...

  5. Two Novel Ultra-Incompressible Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Goethe-Universitat, Germany), E.A. Juarez-Arellano (Universidad del Papaloapan, Mexico), V. Milman (Accelrys, UK), K. Refson (Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, UK), and M....

  6. Simplifying complex spectra and characterizing raman linewidths...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    L. ; Settersten, Thomas B. + Show Author Affiliations (University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK) (Friedrich-Alexander-Universitat Erlangen-N%C3%BCrnberg, Erlangen, Germany) Publication ...

  7. Host galaxy spectra and consequences for supernova typing from...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States) Institut de Fsica d'Altes Energies, Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona, E-08193 ...

  8. Two Novel Ultra-Incompressible Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by A. Friedrich, B. Winkler, L. Bayarjargal, and W. Morgenroth (Geowissenschaften, Goethe-Universitat, Germany), E.A. Juarez-Arellano (Universidad del Papaloapan, Mexico), V....

  9. Named Fellowships Luminary - Eugene Wigner | Argonne National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (today the Technische Universitt Berlin). In the late 1920s, Wigner explored quantum mechanics. He laid the foundation for the theory of symmetries in quantum...

  10. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Engineering...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Dennis L. (Dennis L. Eggleston) - Physics Department, Occidental College Go back to ... Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit - Department of Applied Physics, Elementary Processes ...

  11. Energy Department Announces Student Teams for Solar Decathlon...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology (New Jersey) University of Florida, National University of Singapore, and Santa Fe College (Florida) The University of Texas at Austin and Technische Universitaet ...

  12. Fabrication of two-dimensional Au at FePt core-shell nanoparticle...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Luyang ; Plettl, Alfred ; Ziemann, Paul 2 ; Bigall, Nadja C. 3 ; Eychmueller, Alexander 4 + Show Author Affiliations Institut fuer Angewandte Photophysik, Technische ...

  13. Absolute radiant power measurement for the Au M lines of laser...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Germany) Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Abbestr. 2-12, 10587 Berlin (Germany) Publication Date: 2014-01-15 OSTI Identifier: 22251206 Resource Type: Journal...

  14. US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design and Operation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    following information: We have obtained the necessary DOE and Sandia approvals to start planning the 7 th USGerman Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation to...

  15. Dynamic Positron Emission Tomography [PET] in Man Using Small Bismuth Germanate Crystals

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Derenzo, S. E.; Budinger, T. F.; Huesman, R. H.; Cahoon, J. L.

    1982-04-01

    Primary considerations for the design of positron emission tomographs for medical studies in humans are the need for high imaging sensitivity, whole organ coverage, good spatial resolution, high maximum data rates, adequate spatial sampling with minimum mechanical motion, shielding against out of plane activity, pulse height discrimination against scattered photons, and timing discrimination against accidental coincidences. We discuss the choice of detectors, sampling motion, shielding, and electronics to meet these objectives.

  16. DOE Hosts German Energy Official, Signs MOU to Share WIPP Information

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    CARLSBAD, N.M. – A high-ranking energy official from Germany formalized a partnership between her country and the United States during a recent visit to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).

  17. 2014 US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Average Retail Price (cents/kWh) (Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U) State Residential Commercial Industrial Transportation Total New England 17.82 14.70 11.84 10.38 15.45 Connecticut 19.75 15.55 12.92 13.08 17.05 Maine 15.27 12.70 8.95 0.00 12.65 Massachusetts 17.39 14.68 12.74 8.76 15.35 New Hampshire 17.53 14.34 11.93 0.00 15.22 Rhode Island 17.17 14.56 12.86 14.89 15.41 Vermont 17.47 14.56 10.23 0.00 14.57 Middle Atlantic 16.39 13.65 7.61 12.28 13.41 New Jersey

  18. Neilson visits German stellarator to pave way for U.S. researchers...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    pave way for U.S. researchers Gates serves as Interim Head of Advanced Projects By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe September 5, 2014 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Hutch...

  19. Proceedings of 3rd US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Mexico on October 8-11, 2012. Approximately 60 salt research scientists from Germany and the United States met to discuss repository science state of the art. Workshop...

  20. A Case Study For Geothermal Exploration In The Ne German Basin...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    And Thermal Structure Authors K. Bauer, I. Moeck, B. Norden, A. Schulze and M. H. Weber Published Publisher Not Provided, 2009 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability:...

  1. 6th US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LIST of Participants 6th USGerman Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design and Operations LAST NAME FIRST NAME COMPANY EMAIL Vlzke Holger BAM Holger.Voelzke@bam.de Mauke...

  2. Quantitative comparison between PGNAA measurements and MCNP calculations in view of the characterization of radioactive wastes in Germany and France

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mauerhofer, E.; Havenith, A.; Kettler, J.; Carasco, C.; Payan, E.; Ma, J. L.; Perot, B.

    2013-04-19

    The Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (FZJ), together with the Aachen University Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule (RWTH) and the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA Cadarache) are involved in a cooperation aiming at characterizing toxic and reactive elements in radioactive waste packages by means of Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis (PGNAA). The French and German waste management agencies have indeed defined acceptability limits concerning these elements in view of their projected geological repositories. A first measurement campaign was performed in the new Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis (PGNAA) facility called MEDINA, at FZJ, to assess the capture gamma-ray signatures of some elements of interest in large samples up to waste drums with a volume of 200 liter. MEDINA is the acronym for Multi Element Detection based on Instrumental Neutron Activation. This paper presents MCNP calculations of the MEDINA facility and quantitative comparison between measurement and simulation. Passive gamma-ray spectra acquired with a high purity germanium detector and calibration sources are used to qualify the numerical model of the crystal. Active PGNAA spectra of a sodium chloride sample measured with MEDINA then allow for qualifying the global numerical model of the measurement cell. Chlorine indeed constitutes a usual reference with reliable capture gamma-ray production data. The goal is to characterize the entire simulation protocol (geometrical model, nuclear data, and postprocessing tools) which will be used for current measurement interpretation, extrapolation of the performances to other types of waste packages or other applications, as well as for the study of future PGNAA facilities.

  3. NEXUSHAUS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Decathletes from the University of Texas at Austin and Technische Universitaet Muenchen in Germany have drawn on shared interests to create NexusHaus, an ultra-efficient solar house that aims to reduce water and energy demand even as housing density increases.

  4. Electron-State Hybridization in Heavy-Fermion Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Zhou, W.L. Yang, and N. Mannella (Stanford University and ALS); Z. Hussain (ALS); and Z.-X. Shen (Stanford University). Research funding: German Research Foundation; German...

  5. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Filter by Author German, Alea (4) Springer, David (3) Hoeschele, Marc (2) Chitwood, Rick ... Implementing a Zero Energy Ready Home Multifamily Project Springer, David ; German, Alea ...

  6. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Ma, Jie (1) Pramanick, Abhijit (1) Samolyuk, German (1) Shapiro, Steve M. (1) Stocks, G. ... Steve M. ; Glavic, Artur ; Samolyuk, German ; Aczel, Adam A. ; Lauter, Valeria ; ...

  7. International Partnership on Mitigation and Measuring, Reporting...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservancy and Nuclear Safety (BMU), German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Sector Climate Focus...

  8. Kent Hibben | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A native German speaker, he attended preparatory school in Germany. He graduated in 1987 with Bachelor Degrees in Economics, French, German, and Linguistics, and a minor in ...

  9. Best of Germany 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-08-15

    This supplement, sponsored by the German Engineering Federation, VDMA, includes a seven page article on the German mining industry, a two-page article on occupational health and safety; a three-page article on collaboration, consulting and finance in the German mining industry; and a 27 page article on German mining technology and its mining. A buyers guide gives details of German companies selling equipment for the mining industry.

  10. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Karsten Reuter, Technische Universität München Title: First-Principles Embedding Approaches for Energy Science Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Detailed insight into surface molecular processes is the key driver for advances in application areas as diverse as heterogeneous catalysis, molecular electronics or drug delivery. While predictive-quality computational modeling assumes an increasing role in providing this insight, current methodology still

  11. Staff Directory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Staff Directory Principal Investigator hubert-125 Hubert Ley, TRACC Director Phone: 630-252-8224; Fax: 630-252-5394; E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Ph.D. and Masters, Nuclear Engineering, Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule, Aachen, Germany More than 20 years' experience in simulation, modeling, high-performance computing, and visualization Served on Argonne's International Nuclear Safety team, participating in

  12. Convective Turbulence in Liquid Gallium and Sodium | Argonne Leadership

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computing Facility The field displays the complex dynamics of the velocity field The figure displays streamlines of the two-dimensional skin friction field which was obtained right at the heated bottom plate of a cylindrical cell for turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection in liquid mercury at a Rayleigh number of a hundred million. The field displays the complex dynamics of the velocity field. Joerg Schumacher, Technische Universitaet Ilmenau Convective Turbulence in Liquid Gallium and Sodium

  13. Theory of light-harvesting in photosynthesis: from structure to function |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MIT-Harvard Center for Excitonics Theory of light-harvesting in photosynthesis: from structure to function May 17, 2011 at 3pm/36-428 Thomas Renger Johannes Kepler Universitat -Linz, Austria renger2 abstract In photosynthesis, light energy absorbed in light-harvesting pigment-protein complexes is transferred via an exciton mechanism to the reaction center where it is used to drive electron transfer reactions. The quantum efficiency of the transfer is close to 100 percent, that is, almost all

  14. Stochastic formation of magnetic vortex

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Stochastic formation of magnetic vortex structures in asymmetric disks triggered by chaotic dynamics Mi-Young Im,1,4* Ki-Suk Lee,2* Andreas Vogel,3 Jung-Il Hong,4 Guido Meier,3,5 and Peter Fischer1,6 1Center for X-ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley CA 94720, USA 2School of Mechanical and Advanced Materials Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan, Korea 3Institut fur Angewandte Physik und Zentrum fur Mikrostrukturforschung, Universitat

  15. Enrisol GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GmbH Place: Lana, Italy Zip: I-39011 Product: German project developer focusing at Italian and German PV rooftop projects. Coordinates: 39.232067, -86.328491 Show Map...

  16. Windpark Bockelwitz Verwaltungsgesellschaft | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bockelwitz Verwaltungsgesellschaft Place: Germany Sector: Wind energy Product: German wind farm developer. References: Windpark Bockelwitz Verwaltungsgesellschaft1 This...

  17. Jefferson Lab's Detector Group builds small-animal imaging device for the

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    German Cancer Research Center | Jefferson Lab Detector Group builds small-animal imaging device for the German Cancer Research Center March Smith Mark Smith, Detector Group Biomedical Imaging Physicist and project manager for this effort, holds the tungsten box encasing the detector head for the mini gamma camera that Jefferson Lab's Detector Group built for the German Cancer Research Center. This photo was taken in December 2004 before the imaging device was disassembled for shipment to

  18. Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship Program accepting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    | National Nuclear Security Administration Albert Einstein Alerts President Roosevelt of German Atomic Energy Program Albert Einstein Alerts President Roosevelt of German Atomic Energy Program Washington, DC Albert Einstein writes President Franklin D. Roosevelt, alerting the President to the importance of research on nuclear chain reactions and the possibility that research might lead to developing powerful bombs. Einstein notes that Germany has stopped the sale of uranium and German

  19. N:\\WPdocs\\copyright.wpd

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... of criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research is more likely ... language, such as from German into English, a derivative work has been prepared, and ...

  20. MHH Solartechnik GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Product: German installer of PV systems and distributer of all components necessary to build PV plants. Coordinates: 48.520359, 9.04911 Show Map Loading map......

  1. Fast proton hopping detection in ice I{sub h} by quasi-elastic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    C; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 2011 Research Org: Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) Sponsoring Org: SC; Israel Science Foundation; James-Franck German - Israeli Program in ...

  2. Johanna Solar Technology GmbH JST | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Havel, Brandenburg, Germany Zip: D-14772 Sector: Solar Product: German manufacturer of copper-indium-gallium-sulphide-selenium (CIGSSe) thin-film solar modules. References: Johanna...

  3. Manz Automation AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Germany Zip: D-72768 Sector: Solar Product: German manufacturer of solar and LCD capital equipment. Coordinates: 48.49159, 9.21487 Show Map Loading map......

  4. Ensure a Secure and Sustainable Energy Future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    th US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation Author Affiliation Washington, DC September 7-9, 2016 1 Title 2 2

  5. Ventuno Design | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ventuno Design Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ventuno Design Place: Lower Saxony, Germany Zip: 49767 Sector: Wind energy Product: German-based wind farm developer with...

  6. World Economic Forum | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and European industrial associations. German-born Klaus Schwab, then Professor of Business Policy at the University of Geneva, chaired the gathering, which took place in...

  7. Q Cells SE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Q-Cells SE Place: Thalheim, Brandenburg, Germany Zip: 6766 Product: German PV cell manufacturer; also makes strategic venture capital and corporate investments....

  8. Eternegy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Germany Zip: 68165 Sector: Wind energy Product: German wind farm developer. Provides feasibility studies, planning and building of wind parks. Coordinates: 49.48651, 8.466785...

  9. LEDSGP/analysis/impacts/DIAWebinar on Development Impact Assessment...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, People and Policy Phase: Bring the Right People...

  10. Sunline AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector: Solar Product: German solar PV and thermal company active in planning and marketing solar installations. References: Sunline AG1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  11. DS Deutsche Solargesellschaft mbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Germany Zip: 74074 Sector: Solar Product: DS Deutsche Solargesellschaft markets PV installations in Spain to mostly German private investors. Coordinates: 49.143145, 9.219295...

  12. U.S. Wind Energy Manufacturing and Supply Chain: A Competitiveness...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Alla Weinstein, Principal Power; Jens Eckhoff, German Offshore Wind Federation; Bruce Hamilton, Navigant; James Buddelmeyer, Gamesa; Dileep Thatte, NIST-MEP; Thomas Angelino, ...

  13. Ethiopia-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to 2004 the German Aerospace Center (DLR) worked with Ethiopia on solar resource and GIS analysis as part of UNEP's Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Programme....

  14. Bangladesh-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to 2004 the German Aerospace Center (DLR) worked with Bangladesh on solar resource and GIS analysis as part of UNEP's Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Programme....

  15. EOP Biodiesel AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EOP Biodiesel AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: EOP Biodiesel AG Place: Falkenhagen, Germany Zip: 16928 Product: German producer of biodiesel from rapeseed. References: EOP...

  16. Solarvalue AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solarvalue AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solarvalue AG Place: Berlin, Berlin, Germany Zip: D-10719 Product: German manfuacturer of polysilicon made through metallurgical...

  17. Odersun AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Odersun AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: Odersun AG Place: Frankfurt, Germany Zip: 15236 Product: German manufacturer of copper indium disulphide on copper tape (CISCuT)...

  18. Getec AG Contracting | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Getec AG Contracting Place: Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany Zip: 39108 Sector: Efficiency Product: German Efficiency Service Company....

  19. Mage Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mage Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mage Solar Place: Aulendorf, Germany Zip: 88326 Product: German PV module manufacturer and installer, subsidy of MAGE Industrie Holding...

  20. Bayer Raach GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Bayer & Raach GmbH Place: Gauingen, Baden-Wrttemberg, Germany Zip: 88529 Sector: Solar Product: German-based solar installation company....

  1. Centrosolar Group AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Group AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: Centrosolar Group AG Place: Munich, Germany Zip: 80807 Product: German holding company of various PV-related subsidiaries....

  2. Robeko | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Robeko Jump to: navigation, search Name: Robeko Place: Muenchweiler, Germany Zip: 67728 Sector: Solar Product: German manufacturer of various solar thin film equipments....

  3. Etimex Solar GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Etimex Solar GmbH Place: Dietenheim, Baden-Wrttemberg, Germany Zip: 89165 Sector: Solar Product: A German manufacturer of encapsulation films for...

  4. Westerwaelder Holzpellets GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Westerwaelder Holzpellets GmbH Place: LangenbachWw, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany Zip: 57520 Product: German pellet producer and marketer. Coordinates: 50.37159,...

  5. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    modeling Pramanick, Abhijit ; Shapiro, Steve M. ; Glavic, Artur ; Samolyuk, German ; Aczel, Adam A. ; Lauter, Valeria ; Ambaye, Haile ; Gai, Zheng ; Ma, Jie ; Stoica, ...

  6. Noncompliance Tracking System Registration and Reporting | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    account. Please register at: EA Reporting Systems Registration. If you need additional information or assistance in registering, please contact EA User Support. Contact Lisa German

  7. Building America Webinar: Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    View the presentation. Alea German, Alliance for Residential Building Innovation, described results from three case studies of DERs in both marine and hot-dry climates with ...

  8. Schaumann | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Schaumann Jump to: navigation, search Name: Schaumann Place: Germany Product: German delivery company, used by Repower for transporting its turbines. References: Schaumann1 This...

  9. Pro Ventum International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pro Ventum International Place: Forchheim, Germany Zip: 79362 Sector: Wind energy Product: German-based developer of wind power...

  10. Jura Energija | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energija Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jura Energija Place: Germany Sector: Wind energy Product: German company active in developing wind farms in Germany, Croatia and Greece....

  11. Greenpeace Energy Germany | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Greenpeace Energy Germany Jump to: navigation, search Name: Greenpeace Energy Germany Place: Hamburg, Germany Zip: 29357 Product: German sustainable energy provider Coordinates:...

  12. AS Solar GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: AS Solar GmbH Place: Niedersachsen, Lower Saxony, Germany Sector: Solar Product: AS Solar is a German integrated solar energy systems...

  13. Air Energy GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Product: German design, development and project engineering company with a focus on lithium batteries and battery management systems, ultralight aircraft and pressure components...

  14. Padcon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Padcon Place: Helmstadt, Germany Zip: 97264 Product: German manufacturer of PV inverters and energy distribution systems for PV plants. Coordinates: 49.760566, 9.707889...

  15. Sunways AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Constance, Germany Zip: D-78467 Product: German manufacturer of PV cells, modules, inverters and integrated systems. References: Sunways AG1 This article is a stub. You can...

  16. Residential, Commercial, and Utility-Scale Photovoltaic (PV)...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... In addition, broad German market acceptance of PV provides a considerable savings by reducing the high cost of onerous permitting processes. A lack of standard permit requirements ...

  17. Bernt Lorentz GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Henstedt-Ulzburg, Germany Zip: D-24558 Sector: Solar Product: German manufacturer of solar tracking devices, water pumps, and related electronic and hydraulic components....

  18. ASYS EKRA Automatisierungstechnik GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Automatisierungstechnik is a German screen printers manufacturer, for crystalline silicon solar cell production. References: ASYSEKRA Automatisierungstechnik GmbH1 This article...

  19. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    air to water heat pumps. Full Text Available September 2015 High-Performance Ducts in Hot-Dry Climates Hoeschele, Marc ; Chitwood, Rick ; German, Alea ; Weitzel,...

  20. Overspeed | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oldenburg, Germany Zip: 26129 Sector: Services, Wind energy Product: German-based software developer, Overspeed, develops wind-measuring software and provides monitoring and...

  1. Advancing Wind Technology, One Massive Blade at a Time | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of discussion in Germany over the past few years, and even more recently with the "Energiewende" taking place - a radical commitment of the German government to renewable energy,...

  2. China-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    DLR Resource Assessments Jump to: navigation, search Name China-DLR Resource Assessments AgencyCompany Organization German Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy Focus Area...

  3. Unlimited Energy GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Unlimited Energy GmbH Place: Berlin, Germany Zip: 12435 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Unlimited Energy is a German-based project developer, specialising in...

  4. KUKA Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: KUKA Systems Place: Augsburg, Germany Zip: D-86165 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: German manufacturer of assembly lines for solar and wind industries....

  5. WSB Neue Energien | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energien Place: Dresden, Germany Zip: 1069 Sector: Biomass, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: German renewable energy project developer, concentrating on wind, solar...

  6. Inventux Technologies AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AG Place: Steinhagen, Germany Zip: D-33803 Product: German manufacturer of micromorph tandem thin-film modules. Coordinates: 52.004606, 8.414257 Show Map Loading map......

  7. Burkina Faso-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  8. Djibouti-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  9. Central African Republic-National Adaptation Plan Global Support...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  10. Niger-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  11. Rwanda-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  12. Lesotho-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  13. Liberia-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  14. Malawi-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  15. Comoros-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  16. Tanzania-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  17. Bangladesh-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  18. The Gambia-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  19. Democratic Republic of Congo-National Adaptation Plan Global...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  20. Uganda-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  1. Mali-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  2. Mozambique-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  3. Mauritania-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  4. Sudan-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  5. Cambodia-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  6. Benin-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  7. Alternative Fuels - A New Field For Mine Surveying | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    more importance. As far as Germany is concerned, geothermal energy and coal bedmine methane are considered as mineral resources according to the German mining law. This demands...

  8. Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  9. China-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  10. Colombia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  11. Moldova-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  12. Ghana-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  13. Peru-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  14. Philippines-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  15. Uganda-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  16. Bhutan-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  17. Ghana-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    support from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The Programme will prepare developing countries to effectively and...

  18. El Salvador-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    support from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The Programme will prepare developing countries to effectively and...

  19. Vietnam-GTZ RE Policy and Wind Power Development Project | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Partner Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT), The Electricity...

  20. Trinidad and Tobago-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  1. Argentina-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  2. Benin-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    support from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The Programme will prepare developing countries to effectively and...

  3. Nepal-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    support from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The Programme will prepare developing countries to effectively and...

  4. Chile-GTZ Public Properties for Grid-connected Renewable Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Topics Background analysis Website http:www.gtz.deen...

  5. Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  6. Green Growth Best Practice Initiative (GGBPI) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (ICI) of the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature, Conservation, and Nuclear Safety, European Climate Foundation (ECF), Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI),...

  7. Chile-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  8. Mexico-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  9. Lebanon-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  10. Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  11. Zambia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  12. Fiji-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    support from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The Programme will prepare developing countries to effectively and...

  13. Ethiopia-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and being carried out in partnership with key stakeholders in Brazil,...

  14. Morocco-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  15. Malaysia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  16. Vietnam-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  17. Indonesia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  18. Ecuador-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  19. Tanzania-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  20. Colombia-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    support from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The Programme will prepare developing countries to effectively and...

  1. Brazil-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Programme ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    are also being conducted on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU): The 1000 Roofs Project supports the spread of...

  2. LEDSGP/about/Asia LEDS Partnership | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) The European Union (EU) German Federal Ministry...

  3. Berlin, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Berlin, Germany Ecologic Institute German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety Registered Energy Companies in Berlin, Germany 8KU...

  4. LEDSGP/about | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Democratic Republic of Congo Department of Science, Education, Natural Resources & Environment, Ministry of Planning and Investment of Vietnam European Commission German Agency...

  5. Molecular dynamics modeling of atomic displacement cascades in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Samolyuk, German D. 1 ; Osetskiy, Yury N. 1 ; Stoller, Roger E. 1 + Show Author Affiliations Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States) ...

  6. Features of primary damage by high energy displacement cascades...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    for ORCID "0000000153327128" ; Lu, Chenyang 2 ; Osetskiy, Yuri N. 1 ; Samolyuk, German D. 1 ; Caro, Alfredo 3 ; Wang, Lumin 2 ; Stoller, Roger E. 1 + Show Author ...

  7. Thermodynamic approach to the stability of multi-phase systems...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    As a result, model development towards more accurate calculations more is discussed. less Authors: Samolyuk, German D. 1 ; Osetskiy, Yury N. 1 + Show Author Affiliations ...

  8. Meihui Windpark GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Meihui Windpark GmbH & Co KG Place: Niedersachsen, Lower Saxony, Germany Sector: Wind energy Product: German-based wind farm operator, previously in ownership of Taiwan's...

  9. Donauer Solartechnik Vertriebs GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Gauting-Hausen, Germany Zip: 82131 Sector: Solar Product: German-based solar photovoltaic and thermal equipment distributor. Also began developing its own projects....

  10. NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Concentrator Photovoltaic (CPV...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Concentrator Photovoltaic (CPV) Report - Fraunhofer ISE and NREL Analyze Status of Market and Technology February 4, 2015 The German Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems...

  11. Sinolink Development Ltd Sinsol | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    wholesale trader operating from Beijing. As sub company of Sinosol AG, a Chinese German joint venture with headquarters in Stuttgart. Deal in gross with Photovoltaic Modules....

  12. NRW Pellets GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Zip: 57339 Product: North Rhine-Westphalia-based joint venture between RWE Innogy and German Pellets to produce pellets for the residential...

  13. Malibu Joint Venture | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Malibu Joint Venture Jump to: navigation, search Name: Malibu Joint Venture Place: Germany Sector: Solar Product: String representation "German utility ... e of next year." is too...

  14. Wagner Co Solartechnik | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solartechnik Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wagner & Co Solartechnik Place: Clbe, Germany Zip: D-35091 Sector: Solar Product: Wagner & Co Solartechnik is a German PV system...

  15. CropEnergies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: CropEnergies Place: Mannheim, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany Zip: 68165 Sector: Biofuels Product: A German biofuels company focused on bioethanol production for use as...

  16. Elektrizitatswerk Goldbach Hoesbach GmbH Co KG | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Elektrizitatswerk Goldbach-Hoesbach GmbH & Co KG Place: Goldbach, Hessen, Germany Zip: 63773 Product: German power provider. Coordinates: 40.413574,...

  17. ABO Wind AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: ABO Wind AG Place: Hessen, Germany Zip: 65193 Sector: Bioenergy, Wind energy Product: German developer of wind and bioenergy generation assets....

  18. LPKF Laser Electronics AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    German developer of systems and process solutions targeted to the electronics and automotive industries. Coordinates: 52.420475, 9.598595 Show Map Loading map......

  19. Scientists examine proton radiography of brain mockup

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the NNSA. Additional researchers include Fesseha Mariam of Subatomic Physics, Kurt Schoenberg of Experimental Physical Sciences, Cris Barnes of Physics Division and German...

  20. Novel capability enables first test of real turbine engine conditions...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    unique insights into thermo mechanical states, particularly at the thermally grown oxide layer." This work was funded by the National Science Foundation and the German Science...

  1. Club for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electrification Jump to: navigation, search Name: Club for Rural Electrification Place: Freiburg, Germany Zip: 79114 Sector: Solar Product: An industry association of German...

  2. Krinner Schraubfundamente GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Strasskirchen, Germany Zip: 94342 Sector: Solar Product: German manufacturer of solar panel mounting systems. Coordinates: 48.83023, 12.723775 Show Map Loading map......

  3. Agridea BioPower GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Zip: 32312 Product: German developer and operator of biogas plants. Coordinates: 52.303048, 8.612882 Show Map Loading map......

  4. ODAS OHG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    German company that specialises in the supply of plant based biomass raw materials to biogas facilities. Coordinates: 51.65899, 6.965215 Show Map Loading map......

  5. Jefferson Lab's Detector Group builds small-animal imaging device...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Detector Group builds small-animal imaging device for the German Cancer Research Center March Smith Mark Smith, Detector Group Biomedical Imaging Physicist and project manager for ...

  6. DEGERenergie | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Neckar, Germany Zip: D-72160 Product: German manufacturer of tracking systems for PV plants with global distribution. References: DEGERenergie1 This article is a stub. You can...

  7. Stadtwerke Bochum GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: 44722 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: A regional German utility provider with 56% of its energy mix in renewable energy. References: Stadtwerke Bochum GmbH1 This...

  8. Kent Hibben | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Kent graduated from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County with Bachelor of Arts degrees in Economics, French, German, and Linguistics, and a minor in Political Science

  9. Implementing a Zero Energy Ready Home Multifamily Project (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    This report discusses challenges encountered, lessons learned, and how obstacles were overcome. Authors: Springer, David 1 ; German, Alea 1 + Show Author Affiliations Alliance ...

  10. High Performance Walls in Hot-Dry Climates (Technical Report...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    This Building America project utilized information collected in the California project. Authors: Hoeschele, Marc 1 ; Springer, David 1 ; Dakin, Bill 1 ; German, Alea 1 + ...

  11. Rena Sondermaschinen GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rena Sondermaschinen GmbH Place: Gtenbach, Germany Zip: D-78148 Product: German manufacturing supplier for PV wafers and cells; also active in supplying the semiconductor...

  12. Ib vogt GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Berlin, Germany Zip: 10587 Product: German engineering firm specialising in PV manufacturing plants. Coordinates: 52.516074, 13.376987 Show Map Loading map......

  13. FHR Anlagenbau GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    FHR Anlagenbau GmbH Place: Ottendorf-Okrilla, Germany Zip: 1458 Product: German manufacturing equipment supplier of sputtering equipment and vacuum components. Coordinates:...

  14. X FAB Semiconductor Foundries AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Thuringia, Germany Zip: 99097 Product: German analogmixed-signal foundry group manufacturing silicon wafers for mixed-signal integrated circuits that will be manufacturing an...

  15. SolarMarkt AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: SolarMarkt AG Place: Freiburg, Germany Zip: 79114 Product: A German PV installation company for small to mid-sized projects and BIPV. References:...

  16. Webasto Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Webasto Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Webasto Solar Place: Germany Product: German module manufacturer. References: Webasto Solar1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  17. Umwelt Sonne Energie GmbH USE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Holzgerlingen, Baden-Wrttemberg, Germany Zip: 71088 Sector: Solar Product: German solar integrator and distributor based in Holzgerlingen, near Stuttgart. Coordinates:...

  18. Ostwind technic GmbH founders | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GmbH founders Place: Regensburg, Germany Sector: Wind energy Product: Founders of German company that operates wind energy plants and farms. Coordinates: 49.01492,...

  19. Ubbink Solar Modules BV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Modules BV Place: Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Zip: 50933 Product: German manufacturer of PV modules, main customer was Ecostream that has agreed to purchase...

  20. Wattner AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Wattner AG Place: Kln, Germany Zip: 50679 Product: German project finance arranger. References: Wattner AG1 This article is a stub. You can...

  1. Carpevigo AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Carpevigo AG Place: Holzkirchen, Germany Zip: 83607 Product: Carpevigo is a German turnkey PV project developer that issues bonds to finance investments. References:...

  2. Ukraine-GTZ Climate Oriented Mobility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Partner German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Sector Energy Focus...

  3. Energiebau Solarstromsysteme GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GmbH Place: Kln, Germany Zip: 50829 Sector: Efficiency, Solar Product: A German system provider and wholesaler for solar power and energy efficiency projects....

  4. Colonia Real Estate | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Estate Jump to: navigation, search Name: Colonia Real Estate Place: Germany Product: German property developer. References: Colonia Real Estate1 This article is a stub. You can...

  5. Das Gruene Emissionshaus | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Freiburg, Baden-Wrttemberg, Germany Zip: 79100 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: German-based company, das grne emissionshaus, provides, designs and supports investment...

  6. ACM Biotech | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biotech Jump to: navigation, search Name: ACM Biotech Place: Bavaria, Germany Product: German company developing palm oill plantations in Para, Brazil. References: ACM Biotech1...

  7. Meridian Neue Energie | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Meridian Neue Energie Place: Suhl, Thuringia, Germany Zip: 98527 Product: German developer of small and medium scale PV projects. Coordinates: 50.61008, 10.68974...

  8. Solar Promotion International GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    International GmbH Place: Pforzheim, Germany Zip: 75172 Sector: Solar Product: German organiser of global solar conferences. References: Solar Promotion International...

  9. Notus Energy GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GmbH Place: Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany Zip: 14469 Sector: Wind energy Product: A German company that specializes in the development of wind farm projects and plans to...

  10. Antaris Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Antaris Solar Place: Waldaschaff, Germany Zip: D-63857 Product: German project developer operating a 1.25MW PV plant in the Czech Republic. References:...

  11. Blitzstrom GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Blitzstrom GmbH Place: Mainbernheim, Germany Zip: 97350 Product: German thin-film PV system integrator and distributor of PV systems. References: Blitzstrom...

  12. Martin Bucher Project Development | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development Place: Stuttgart, Germany Zip: 70195 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: German consultancy, Martin Bucher Project Development, specialises in advising companies...

  13. Logomatic Gmbh Grinding Machines Fabrication | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Machines Fabrication Place: Mainaschaff, Germany Zip: D-63814 Sector: Solar Product: German manufacturer of capital equipment for semiconductor and solar industries; for solar,...

  14. Global Renewable Energy Database | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Renewable Energy Database AgencyCompany Organization: German Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind...

  15. Ecoprojeto | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazilian based subsidiary of German Projekt Oekovest wind project developer. References: Ecoprojeto1 This article is a...

  16. WKV AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    WKV AG Place: Gutach, Baden-Wrttemberg, Germany Zip: 79261 Sector: Hydro Product: German-based hydro turbines manufacturer, Wasserkraft Volk AG (WKV AG) provides technology...

  17. PeriSolar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Zip: 40101 Sector: Solar Product: A German PV Solar project developer focusing on the Andulusien region of southern Spain, and as...

  18. C:\\Forms\\DOE F 3305.13.cdr

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EXAMPLE PERSONAL HISTORY PROF. ACTIVITIES AND SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS PRIVATE INDUSTRY JOB ... Foreign Languages: French and German (Fluent in reading, writing and conversing) 1987 ...

  19. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the German Climate Computing Centre, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The...

  20. PvXchange GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Berlin, Germany Zip: 10963 Sector: Services Product: A German platform for PV module spot trades. Also provides data on spot prices and offers consulting services. Coordinates:...

  1. Reis Robotics GmbH Co KG Maschinenfabrik | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    63785 Product: German manufacturer of industrial robots, robot controls, and turnkey automation systems. Coordinates: 41.839718, -75.016041 Show Map Loading map......

  2. High-Temperature Falling-Particle Receiver

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High-Temperature Falling-Particle Receiver CONTACTS Partnering Organizations: * Georgia Institute of Technology * King Saud University * Bucknell University * German Aerospace ...

  3. HMS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: 71083 Product: HMS is a German crystalline silicon manufacturer involved in etching and texturing. Coordinates: 48.595151, 8.867937 Show Map Loading map......

  4. Carl BAASEL Lasertechnik GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lasertechnik is a German crystalline silicon manufacturer focusing on cell cutting, etching and texturing. References: Carl BAASEL Lasertechnik GmbH1 This article is a stub....

  5. EnergyFiles | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and retrospective collections. Results are available in four languages: English, German, Spanish, and Swedish. Join the Discussion on OSTIblog Accelerating science discovery, join...

  6. Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    If you wish to view societies in another language, please select from the following options. Chinese Dutch English French German Italian Japanese Nordic Spanish and Portuguese ...

  7. Technology Solutions Case Study: High-Performance Ducts in Hot...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    collected in the California project with BEopt simulations of DCS performance in hotdry climate regions. Authors: M. Hoeschele, A. German, E. Weitzel, R. Chitwood...

  8. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    feedback or suggestions for a way to improve these results? High Performance Walls in Hot-Dry Climates Hoeschele, Marc ; Springer, David ; Dakin, Bill ; German, Alea High...

  9. SolarZentrum Erfurt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SolarZentrum Erfurt Place: Erfurt, Germany Zip: 99099 Sector: Solar Product: German business unit of CiS Institute for Microsensors that concentrates on process and equipment...

  10. Imtech Deutschland GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    & Co KG Place: Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany Zip: 22041 Product: German division of Imtech N.V. - an energy management and power engineering company. References: Imtech Deutschland...

  11. Bundesverband Solarwirtschaft e V BSW | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bundesverband Solarwirtschaft e V BSW Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bundesverband Solarwirtschaft e.V. (BSW) Place: Berlin, Germany Zip: 10243 Sector: Solar Product: German...

  12. Sonnen Systeme Projektgesellschaft mbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    mbH Place: Alheim Heinebach, Germany Zip: 36211 Product: German manufacturer of dual-axis tracking devices for PV systems. References: Sonnen Systeme Projektgesellschaft...

  13. Biography Jrg Mnig

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jrg Mnig Dr. Monig presented at the first USGerman Workshop on the topic of Towards a German Safety Case The ISIBEL Project...

  14. Ultrafast Core-Hole Induced Dynamics in Water

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Swedish Research Council, Swedish National Supercomputer Center, Center for Parallel Computers (Sweden), German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. Operation of the...

  15. Scientific Societies, E-print Network -- Energy, science, and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Chinese Dutch English French German Italian Japanese Nordic Russian SpanishPortuguese ... All Languages English Japanese Chinese Nordic Dutch Russian French Spanish-Portuguese ...

  16. Stangl Semiconductor Equipment AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    German manufacturer of wet chemistry systems for processing silicon and thin-film solar cells. References: Stangl Semiconductor Equipment AG1 This article is a stub. You...

  17. Klimov receives Alexander von Humboldt award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Foundation to promote international cooperation between German institutes of higher learning and those in other countries. Every year, the Foundation enables more than 2,000...

  18. Solmic GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Product: German consulting company with a focus on polysilicon production for microelectronics and solar industries and manufacturing silicon wafers. References: Solmic GmbH1...

  19. A new facility for the synchrotron radiation-based calibration of transfer radiation sources in the ultraviolet and vacuum ultraviolet spectral range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornagel, Reiner; Fliegauf, Rolf; Klein, Roman Kroth, Simone; Paustian, Wolfgang; Richter, Mathias

    2015-01-15

    The Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) has a long tradition in the calibration of radiation sources in the ultraviolet and vacuum ultraviolet spectral range, with traceability to calculable synchrotron radiation. Within this context, new instrumentation in the PTB laboratory at the Metrology Light Source (MLS) has been put into operation that opens up extended and improved calibration possibilities. A new facility for radiation source calibrations has been set up in the spectral range from 7 nm to 400 nm based on a combined normal incidence-grazing incidence monochromator. The facility can be used for the calibration of transfer sources in terms of spectral radiant intensity or mean spectral radiance, with traceability to the MLS primary source standard. We describe the design and performance of the experimental station and give examples of some commissioning results.

  20. Radiometric characterization of a high temperature blackbody in the visible and near infrared

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taubert, R. D.; Hollandt, J.

    2013-09-11

    At the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt the radiance temperature in the range from 962 C to 3000 C is disseminated by applying a high temperature blackbody (HTBB) with a directly heated pyrolytic graphite cavity. The thermodynamic radiance temperature of the HTBB was measured in the temperature range from 1000 C to 3000 C by applying almost simultaneously absolutely calibrated silicon photodiode based filter radiometers with centre wavelengths at 476 nm, 676 nm, 800 nm, 900 nm and 1000 nm and InGaAs photodiode based filter radiometers with centre wavelengths at 1300 nm, 1550 nm and 1595 nm. The results demonstrate that, expressed in terms of irradiance, within an uncertainty of 0.1 % (k=1) in a broad wavelength range the thermodynamic radiance temperature of the HTBB is wavelength independent in the investigated temperature interval.

  1. (Limiting the greenhouse effect)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, S.

    1991-01-07

    Traveler attended the Dahlem Research Conference organized by the Freien Universitat, Berlin. The subject of the conference was Limiting the Greenhouse Effect: Options for Controlling Atmospheric CO{sub 2} Accumulation. Like all Dahlem workshops, this was a meeting of scientific experts, although the disciplines represented were broader than usual, ranging across anthropology, economics, international relations, forestry, engineering, and atmospheric chemistry. Participation by scientists from developing countries was limited. The conference was divided into four multidisciplinary working groups. Traveler acted as moderator for Group 3 which examined the question What knowledge is required to tackle the principal social and institutional barriers to reducing CO{sub 2} emissions'' The working rapporteur was Jesse Ausubel of Rockefeller University. Other working groups examined the economic costs, benefits, and technical feasibility of options to reduce emissions per unit of energy service; the options for reducing energy use per unit of GNP; and the significant of linkage between strategies to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions and other goals. Draft reports of the working groups are appended. Overall, the conference identified a number of important research needs in all four areas. It may prove particularly important in bringing the social and institutional research needs relevant to climate change closer to the forefront of the scientific and policy communities than hitherto.

  2. 2011??????????

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S. ESCO industry is comparable and probably larger than French and German industry; Chinese ESCO industry is growing rapidly and may soon surpass U.S. ESCO industry size *...

  3. Overview and Challenges of Thin Film Solar Electric Technologies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    H.S. Ullal Presented at the World Renewable Energy Congress X and Exhibition 2008 Glasgow, ... PV companies, the German feed-in- tariff law has clearly helped in the market ...

  4. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... During the fall of 1939, President F. D. Roosevelt was made aware of the possibility that German scientists were racing to build an atomic bomb and he was warned that Hitler would ...

  5. Wacker Chemie AG formerly Wacker GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wacker Chemie AG formerly Wacker GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wacker Chemie AG (formerly Wacker GmbH) Place: Munich, Germany Zip: 81737 Sector: Solar Product: German...

  6. Electron-State Hybridization in Heavy-Fermion Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics of Solids); X.J. Zhou, W.L. Yang, and N. Mannella (Stanford University and ALS); Z. Hussain (ALS); and Z.-X. Shen (Stanford University). Research funding: German Research...

  7. Jonas Redmann GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jonas & Redmann GmbH Place: Berlin, Germany Zip: 10553 Product: German engineer of PV cell handling systems. Coordinates: 52.516074, 13.376987 Show Map Loading map......

  8. Builders Challenge High Performance Builder Spotlight - Martha Rose Construction, Inc., Seattle, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-01-01

    Building America/Builders Challenge fact sheet on Martha Rose Construction, an energy-efficient home builder in marine climate using the German Passiv Haus design, improved insulation, and solar photovoltaics.

  9. Kenya-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2001 to 2004 the German Aerospace Center (DLR) worked with Kenya on solar resource and GIS analysis as part of UNEP's Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Programme....

  10. Ghana-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2001 to 2004 the German Aerospace Center (DLR) worked with Ghana on solar resource and GIS analysis as part of UNEP's Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Programme....

  11. JPRS report: Arms control, [April 28, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1988-04-28

    This report contains information concerning arms control of the following countries: (1) China, (2) Japan, (3) Bulgaria, (4) Czechoslovakia, (5) German Democratic Republic, (6) Poland, (7) Soviet Union, (8) Austria, (9) Federal Republic of Germany, and (10) United Kingdom.

  12. JPRS report: Arms control, [August 18, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1988-08-18

    This report contains information concerning arms control of the following countries: (1) Bulgaria, (2) Intrabloc, (3) German Democratic Republic, (4) Turkey, (5) Poland, (6) Soviet Union, and (7) Federal Republic of Germany.

  13. JPRS report: Arms control, [December 22, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1988-12-22

    This report contains information concerning arms control of the following countries: (1) Hungary, (2) Yugoslavia, (3) Bulgaria, (4) Czechoslovakia, (5) German Democratic Republic, (6) Poland, (7) Soviet Union, (8) Austria, (9) Federal Republic of Germany, and (10) India.

  14. PowerWind GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PowerWind GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: PowerWind GmbH Place: Hamburg, Germany Zip: 20457 Sector: Wind energy Product: PowerWind GmbH is a German manufacturer and service...

  15. Heckert BXT Solar GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BXT Solar GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Heckert BXT Solar GmbH Place: Chemnitz, Germany Zip: D-09120 Product: German module manufacturer. Coordinates: 50.836375,...

  16. IdeemaSun | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IdeemaSun Jump to: navigation, search Name: IdeemaSun Place: Wallerfing, Germany Zip: 94574 Product: German PV project developer and installer whose sister company is IdeemaTec....

  17. KOENEN GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    KOENEN GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: KOENEN GmbH Place: Ottobrunn, Germany Zip: 85521 Sector: Solar Product: German manufacturer of printing screens and accessories for...

  18. ZMK Ems Solar GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ZMK Ems Solar GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: ZMK Ems-Solar GmbH Place: Haren, Germany Zip: 49733 Product: German project developer with 25MW of installed capacity....

  19. Mithril GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Mithril GmbH Place: Germany Sector: Solar Product: Mithril is a German investment company controlled by Immo Strher who has been active in the PV area for a...

  20. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    During the fall of 1939, President F. D. Roosevelt was made aware of the possibility that German scientists were racing to build an atomic bomb and he was warned that Hitler would ...

  1. Experimental Program Final Technical Progress Report: 15 February...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    carried out at Fermilab, RHIC, and the German lab DESY. Significant advances in these experiments were carried out by members of the Colorado group and are described in detail. ...

  2. Building America Webinar: Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    This presentation by Alea German is included in the Building America webinar, Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy Retrofits?, on June 25, 2014. PDF icon BA Webinargerman6-25-14....

  3. X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the...

  4. Slide15 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information Multilingual Translations Translating ten languages, with potential for more Arabic Chinese German Deutsch English Spanish Español French Français Japanese Korean Portuguese Português Russian

  5. SunTechnics GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: 20537 Product: German PV turn-key supplier and installer, wtih offices all over the world. References: SunTechnics GmbH1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  6. Synlift Systems GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Synlift Systems GmbH Place: Berlin, Germany Zip: 13355 Sector: Wind energy Product: German-based, SYNLIFT Systems GmbH, plans and carries out turnkey wind energy...

  7. Vortex Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vortex Energy Place: Germany Sector: Wind energy Product: German wind farm developer. References: Vortex Energy1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it....

  8. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    for a way to improve these results? Searching for Dark Matter Annihilation in the Smith High-Velocity Cloud Drlica-Wagner, Alex ; Gomez-Vargas, German A. ; Hewitt, John W. ;...

  9. Iliotec Solar GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Iliotec Solar GmbH Place: Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany Zip: 93055 Sector: Solar Product: German solar installer which also operates outside...

  10. Sunics Solar GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sunics Solar GmbH Place: Nordhorn, Lower Saxony, Germany Zip: 48529 Sector: Solar Product: German-based firm that is a supplier and general...

  11. Tinox | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector: Solar Product: German solar company focussed on the development of passive solar heating systems. References: Tinox1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  12. Iowa Powder Atomization Technologies, Inc. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    as aerospace components. Dr. Randall German reported in 2009 that saving 2.2 pounds of weight on an aircraft is ... resistance. Learn More SH Coatings LP Oak Ridge National ...

  13. LTi REEnergy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LTi REEnergy Place: Germany Sector: Wind energy Product: German maker of wind turbine pitch systems and motors. References: LTi REEnergy1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  14. GM Umwelt und Energiewirtschaft GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Umwelt und Energiewirtschaft GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: GM Umwelt- und Energiewirtschaft GmbH Place: Dresden, Germany Zip: 1257 Sector: Wind energy Product: German wind...

  15. Leybold Optics GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Leybold Optics GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Leybold Optics GmbH Place: Alzenau, Germany Zip: 63755 Product: German manufacturer of vacuum coating equipment for optics,...

  16. Sky Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sky Energy Place: Germany Product: A German company which is involved with the development of a 10MW STEG plant in the Moura region of Portugal. References: Sky Energy1 This...

  17. Climasol Solartechnik GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Baden-Wrttemberg, Germany Zip: 89231 Product: German distributor of PV modules and balance of plant. References: Climasol Solartechnik GmbH1 This article is a stub. You can...

  18. Azur Space Solar Power GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Space Solar Power GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Azur Space Solar Power GmbH Place: Heilbronn, Baden-Wrttemberg, Germany Zip: 74072 Product: German manufacturer of...

  19. Dog Earns Retirement with Former Handler

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    AIKEN, S.C. – Dax, a male German shepherd in the Savannah River Site’s (SRS) security canine unit, recently earned retirement by joining the family of one of his former trainers.

  20. Tailoring the physical properties of Ni-based single-phase equiatomic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Jin, Ke 1 ; Sales, Brian C 1 ; Stocks, George Malcolm 1 ; Samolyuk, German D. 1 ; Daene, Markus 2 ; Weber, William J. 3 ; Zhang, Yanwen 3 ; Bei, Hongbin 1 ...

  1. Solar Energiedach GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Product: Installs small scale PV roofing projects, up to a 1.0MW scale (on a German football stadium). References: Solar-Energiedach GmbH1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  2. F S solar concept GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    S solar concept GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: F & S solar concept GmbH Place: Euskirchen, Germany Zip: 53879 Product: German EPC company focusing on large scale...

  3. C4 Energie | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    C4 Energie Jump to: navigation, search Name: C4 Energie Place: Germany Product: German biogas producer. References: C4 Energie1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  4. To Be PreseRted at the 27th International SAMPE Technical Conference

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    October 9-12, 1995 THERMAL BATTERIES: A TECHNOLOGY REVIEW AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS Ronald A. ... This technology was developed by the Germans as a power source for their V2 rockets. It ...

  5. AgriKomp GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: D-91732 Product: A major German and international group specializing in biogas plants. Subdidiaries France, Italy, Czech Rep, Poland References: agriKomp GmbH1 This...

  6. Berger Lichttechnik GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Berger Lichttechnik GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name: Berger Lichttechnik GmbH & Co KG Place: Baierbrunn, Germany Zip: D-82065 Sector: Solar Product: German manufacturer...

  7. Sharp Electronics Europe GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Europe GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sharp Electronics (Europe) GmbH Place: Hamburg, Germany Zip: 20097 Sector: Solar Product: German-based company Sharp Electronics GmbH...

  8. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... A Facile Solvothermal Synthesis of Octahedral Fe3O4 Nanoparticles Ooi, Frances ; DuChene, Joseph S. ; Qiu, ... January 2014 Novel alkaline earth copper germanates with ferro and ...

  9. ThinkSolar SolarMarkt US | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: ThinkSolar (SolarMarkt US) Place: Oakland, California Sector: Solar Product: US subsidiary of German PV installer SolarMarkt which like its parent also...

  10. Bull Solar GmbH Bull Holding AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Bull Holding AG) Place: North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Sector: Solar Product: German solar installer. References: Bull Solar GmbH (Bull Holding AG)1 This article is a stub....

  11. Somont GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Somont GmbH Place: Umkirch, Germany Zip: 79224 Product: German manufacturer of PV module soldering equipment. References: Somont GmbH1 This article...

  12. FR Frankensolar GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: FR Frankensolar GmbH Place: Nrnberg, Germany Zip: 90431 Product: German PV modules distributor. References: FR Frankensolar GmbH1 This article is a stub....

  13. Econcern GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Econcern GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Econcern GmbH Place: Germany Product: German company for the local activities of Econcern BV. References: Econcern GmbH1 This...

  14. EnergiePerformance Sugg GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GmbH Place: Karlsruhe, Baden-Wrttemberg, Germany Zip: 76131 Sector: Solar Product: German-based solar project developer, EnergiePerformance Sugg GmbH provides planning,...

  15. Flagsol GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Flagsol GmbH Place: Koeln, Germany Zip: 50667 Sector: Solar Product: German-based solar plant developer, Flagsol GmbH, is a 100% subsidiary of the solar project...

  16. Sulfurcell Solartechnik GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Sulfurcell Solartechnik GmbH Place: Berlin, Berlin, Germany Zip: 12489 Product: German manufacturer of CIS-on-glass PV modules. References: Sulfurcell Solartechnik GmbH1...

  17. Target GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: Target GmbH Place: Germany Sector: Efficiency, Solar Product: German company with interests in solar and energy efficiency. References: Target GmbH1 This...

  18. SK Energy GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: SK Energy GmbH Place: Osnabrueck, Germany Zip: 49082 Product: A German project developper aiming to develop small (1-5MW) to medium (6-50MW) STEG plants....

  19. WKA Service Fehmarn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fehmarn Place: Schleswig-Holstein, Germany Zip: D-23769 Sector: Wind energy Product: A German-based firm specialised in the service and repair of wind turbines and rotor blades....

  20. Tse AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tse AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: tse.AG Place: Germany Product: Thenergo's German subsidiary. References: tse.AG1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

  1. Goldwind Windenergy GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GmbH Place: Saarbrck, Germany Zip: 66115 Sector: Wind energy Product: Goldwind's German turbine base. References: Goldwind Windenergy GmbH1 This article is a stub. You can...

  2. Solarcoating Machinery GmbH ScM | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Solarcoating Machinery GmbH (ScM) Place: Dormagen, Germany Zip: 41539 Product: German manufacturer of turnkey thin-film fab including the cleaning, TCO and PECVD systems....

  3. E3 GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: e3 GmbH Place: Hamburg, Germany Zip: 22529 Product: German developer References: e3 GmbH1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  4. W2E Wind To Energy GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: W2E Wind To Energy GmbH Place: Germany Sector: Wind energy Product: German technology provider of wind turbines. References: W2E Wind To Energy GmbH1 This...

  5. Nordwind Handels GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Nordwind Handels GmbH & Co. KG Place: Germany Product: German project developer based in Beiersdorf-Freudenberg. The firm is one of Vestas largest...

  6. DOE-Idaho Operations Summary For Nov. 10 to Nov. 23, 2009

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    19 percent of the fuel's low-enriched uranium has been consumed in the INL's Advanced Test Reactor - more than double the previous record set by German researchers. Better...

  7. Scientific Societies, E-print Network -- Energy, science, and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Chinese Dutch English French German Italian Japanese Nordic Russian SpanishPortuguese Other View list of all societies. Choose desired language(s) andor discipline(s) and select ...

  8. SolidMarks | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Product: German project developer found by IdeemaSun and MAGE Solar to develop solar parks across Europe. References: SolidMarks1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  9. Gold SolarWind GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SolarWind GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Gold SolarWind GmbH Place: Aiterhofen, Germany Zip: 94330 Sector: Wind energy Product: German project developer of PV and wind...

  10. Christina Martos Hilton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hilton already had performed in Russian, Latin, Czech and Hebrew, and she studied Italian for nearly two hours every morning, with quite a bit of French and German sprinkled...

  11. Named Fellowships Luminary - Glenn Seaborg | Argonne National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Angeles in 1933. While at UCLA, he was invited by his German professor to meet Albert Einstein, an experience that had a profound impact on Seaborg. Seaborg received his...

  12. Von Ardenne Anlagentechnik GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1324 Sector: Solar Product: German equipment manufacturer of wafer-based and thin-film solar cells. References: Von Ardenne Anlagentechnik GmbH1 This article is a stub. You...

  13. B T Umwelt Gmbh | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    B T Umwelt Gmbh Jump to: navigation, search Name: B+T Umwelt Gmbh Place: Germany Zip: 35418 Product: German project developer specialising in Waste-To-Energy plants. References:...

  14. The legal status of UF{sub 6}-cylinder testing and licensing in Germany (and Europe)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wieser, K.E.; Tietze, A.

    1991-12-31

    New German and European transport regulations for road and rail transport of UF{sub 6}-cylinders are presented, in particular those provisions which have direct impact on the majority of cylinders used in shipments touching ADR and RID member states. First experiences and difficulties in it`s application are highlighted taking into account experiences of a for running German regulation. A summary of research efforts on the behaviour of cylinders in fire environments concludes the paper.

  15. Building America Webinar: Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies: Lessons

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Learned | Department of Energy Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies: Lessons Learned Building America Webinar: Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies: Lessons Learned This presentation by Alea German is included in the Building America webinar, Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy Retrofits?, on June 25, 2014. PDF icon BA Webinar_german_6-25-14.pdf More Documents & Publications Building America Webinar: Introduction - Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy Retrofits? Critical Question #8: When are

  16. Fuel Thermo-physical Characterization Project: Evaluation of Models to Calculate Thermal Diffusivity of Layered Composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burkes, Douglas; Casella, Amanda J.; Gardner, Levi D.; Casella, Andrew M.; Huber, Tanja K.; Breitkreutz, Harald

    2015-02-11

    The Office of Material Management and Minimization Fuel Thermo-physical Characterization Project at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is tasked with using PNNL facilities and processes to receive irradiated low enriched uranium-molybdenum fuel plate samples and perform analyses in support of the Office of Material Management and Minimization Reactor Conversion Program. This work is in support of the Fuel Development Pillar that is managed by Idaho National Laboratory. A key portion of the scope associated with this project was to measure the thermal properties of fuel segments harvested from plates that were irradiated in the Advanced Test Reactor. Thermal diffusivity of samples prepared from the fuel segments was measured using laser flash analysis. Two models, one developed by PNNL and the other developed by the Technische Universität München (TUM), were evaluated to extract the thermal diffusivity of the uranium-molybdenum alloy from measurements made on the irradiated, layered composites. The experimental data of the “TC” irradiated fuel segment was evaluated using both models considering a three-layer and five-layer system. Both models are in acceptable agreement with one another and indicate that the zirconium diffusion barrier has a minimal impact on the overall thermal diffusivity of the monolithic U-Mo fuel.

  17. News | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PPPL, Princeton University physicists join German Chancellor Angela Merkel at Wendelstein 7-X celebration Click on an image below to view the high resolution image. Then right click on the image and select "Save Image" or "Save Image As..." An image of the hydrogen plasma inside the Wendelstein 7-X. A.J. Stewart Smith, Princeton University vice president for the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel shake hands in the Wendelstein 7-X control

  18. Made in Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2005-09-01

    This supplement was prepared in collaboration with the Association of German Mining Machine Manufacturers within VDMA to give an overview of German manufacturers' contribution to the coal industry. It has 18 short papers and a VDMA vendor matrix and directory. Papers include details of MAN Takraf's surface mining equipment, hydraulic shovels and excavators from Komatsu, Liebherr and Terex O & K, Siemens motors and electric control technology in trucks, shovels etc., new technology from DBT, IBS and Wirth, and low emission engines and drives from Deutz and DaimlerCrysler. 2 figs.

  19. An alpha–gamma coincidence spectrometer based on the Photon–Electron Rejecting Alpha Liquid Scintillation (PERALS®) system

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Cadieux, J. R.; Fugate, G. A.; King, III, G. S.

    2015-02-07

    Here, an alpha–gamma coincidence spectrometer has been developed for the measurement of selected actinide isotopes in the presence of high beta/gamma fields. The system is based on a PERALS® liquid scintillation counter for beta/alpha discrimination and was successfully tested with both high purity germanium and bismuth germanate, gamma-ray detectors using conventional analog electronics.

  20. August 2, 1939: Einstein's Letter | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    , 1939: Einstein's Letter August 2, 1939: Einstein's Letter August 2, 1939: Einstein's Letter August 2, 1939 Albert Einstein writes President Franklin D. Roosevelt, alerting the President to the importance of research on nuclear chain reactions and the possibility that research might lead to developing powerful bombs. Einstein notes that Germany has stopped the sale of uranium and German physicists are engaged in uranium research

  1. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [June 1, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1989-06-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) Japan, (3) East Europe; Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, German Democratic Republic, Poland, Hungary, (5) Brazil, (6) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia (7) Soviet Union, and (8) Federal Republic of Germany.

  2. Draft genome sequence of Paenbacillus polymyxa strain Mc5Re-14, an antagonistic root endophyte of Matricaria chamomilla

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koeberl, Martina; White, Richard A.; Erschen, Sabine; El-Arabi, Tarek F.; Jansson, Janet K.; Berg, Gabriele

    2015-08-06

    Paenbacillus polymyxa strain Mc5Re-14 was isolated from the inner root tissue of Matricaria chamomilla (e.g German chamomile). The draft genome of Paenbacillus polymyxa strain Mc5Re-14 revealed promising antagonistic in vitro activity against plant and opportunistic human pathogens. Putative genes involved in plant pathogen suppression and plant growth-promotion were identified.

  3. Liquid Fuels from Lignins: Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chum, H. L.; Johnson, D. K.

    1986-01-01

    This task was initiated to assess the conversion of lignins into liquid fuels, primarily of lignins relevant to biomass-to-ethanol conversion processes. The task was composed of a literature review of this area and an experimental part to obtain pertinent data on the conversion of lignins germane to biomass-to-ethanol conversion processes.

  4. CONTENTS Preliminary Results of China's Third Gas Hydrate Drilling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Preliminary Results of China's Third Gas Hydrate Drilling Expedition: A Critical Step From Discovery to Development in the South China Sea ............................1 Gas Hydrate Occurrences in the Black Sea - New Observations from the German SUGAR Project ...............................................6 Methane Hydrate Dynamics on the Northern US Atlantic Margin ............................................ 10 Gas Hydrate, Carbonate Crusts, and Chemosynthetic Organisms on A Vestnesa Ridge

  5. Best of Germany 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casteel, K.

    2008-07-01

    This supplement discusses German mining equipment and technology under the following sections: mining experience and machinery export; underground mining technology; surface mining technology; materials handling technology; coal and minerals processing technology; power technology; and automation, specialized components and materials. Manufacturers of the different equipment and their contact details are given. 4 figs.

  6. EnEV AIR GmbH founders | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EnEV-AIR GmbH founders Place: Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany Product: Investor in German eNev-AIR GmbH. References: EnEV-AIR GmbH founders1 This article is a stub. You can...

  7. Draft Genome Sequence of Paenibacillus polymyxa Strain Mc5Re-14, an Antagonistic Root Endophyte of Matricaria chamomilla

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kberl, Martina; White, Richard A.; Erschen, Sabine; El-Arabi, Tarek F.; Jansson, Janet K.; Berg, Gabriele

    2015-08-06

    Paenibacillus polymyxa strain Mc5Re-14 was isolated from the inner root tissue of Matricaria chamomilla (German chamomile). Mc5Re-14 revealed promising in vitro antagonistic activity against plant and opportunistic human pathogens. The 6.0-Mb draft genome reveals genes putatively involved in pathogen suppression and direct and indirect plant growth promotion.

  8. Draft Genome Sequence of Paenibacillus polymyxa Strain Mc5Re-14, an Antagonistic Root Endophyte of Matricaria chamomilla

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Köberl, Martina; White, Richard A.; Erschen, Sabine; El-Arabi, Tarek F.; Jansson, Janet K.; Berg, Gabriele

    2015-08-06

    Paenibacillus polymyxa strain Mc5Re-14 was isolated from the inner root tissue of Matricaria chamomilla (German chamomile). Mc5Re-14 revealed promising in vitro antagonistic activity against plant and opportunistic human pathogens. The 6.0-Mb draft genome reveals genes putatively involved in pathogen suppression and direct and indirect plant growth promotion.

  9. Absolute radiant power measurement for the Au M lines of laser-plasma using a calibrated broadband soft X-ray spectrometer with flat-spectral response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Troussel, Ph.; Villette, B.; Oudot, G.; Tassin, V.; Bridou, F.; Delmotte, F.; Krumrey, M.

    2014-01-15

    CEA implemented an absolutely calibrated broadband soft X-ray spectrometer called DMX on the Omega laser facility at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) in 1999 to measure radiant power and spectral distribution of the radiation of the Au plasma. The DMX spectrometer is composed of 20 channels covering the spectral range from 50 eV to 20 keV. The channels for energies below 1.5 keV combine a mirror and a filter with a coaxial photo-emissive detector. For the channels above 5 keV the photoemissive detector is replaced by a conductive detector. The intermediate energy channels (1.5 keV < photon energy < 5 keV) use only a filter and a coaxial detector. A further improvement of DMX consists in flat-response X-ray channels for a precise absolute measurement of the photon flux in the photon energy range from 0.1 keV to 6 keV. Such channels are equipped with a filter, a Multilayer Mirror (MLM), and a coaxial detector. We present as an example the development of channel for the gold M emission lines in the photon energy range from 2 keV to 4 keV which has been successfully used on the OMEGA laser facility. The results of the radiant power measurements with the new MLM channel and with the usual channel composed of a thin titanium filter and a coaxial detector (without mirror) are compared. All elements of the channel have been calibrated in the laboratory of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Germany's National Metrology Institute, at the synchrotron radiation facility BESSY II in Berlin using dedicated well established and validated methods.

  10. Advanced manufacturing: Technology and international competitiveness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tesar, A.

    1995-02-01

    Dramatic changes in the competitiveness of German and Japanese manufacturing have been most evident since 1988. All three countries are now facing similar challenges, and these challenges are clearly observed in human capital issues. Our comparison of human capital issues in German, Japanese, and US manufacturing leads us to the following key judgments: Manufacturing workforces are undergoing significant changes due to advanced manufacturing technologies. As companies are forced to develop and apply these technologies, the constituency of the manufacturing workforce (especially educational requirements, contingent labor, job content, and continuing knowledge development) is being dramatically and irreversibly altered. The new workforce requirements which result due to advanced manufacturing require a higher level of worker sophistication and responsibility.

  11. Germany, garbage, and the green dot: Challenging the throwaway society

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fishbein, B.K.

    1994-09-01

    For US policymakers and citizens who are grappling with the question of how to handle this country's mounting municipal garbage and commercial wastes, this report offers a revolutionary approach taken by Germany to promote both recycling and source reduction. The sweeping new German legislation is stimulating industry efforts to reduce packaging and product waste by requiring that the businesses producing packages and products be financially responsible for taking back their used materials and recycling, reusing or disposing of them. This report describes what Germans have done in solid waste policies, the difficulties they are confronting and the impact on wastes to date. It discusses the environmental problems that the US and other industrialized countries face, identifies practical solutions: programs and policies that work to conserve our valuable air, land, water and natural resources and enable us to live and do business less wastefully.

  12. Large Scale Wind and Solar Integration in Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernst, Bernhard; Schreirer, Uwe; Berster, Frank; Pease, John; Scholz, Cristian; Erbring, Hans-Peter; Schlunke, Stephan; Makarov, Yuri V.

    2010-02-28

    This report provides key information concerning the German experience with integrating of 25 gigawatts of wind and 7 gigawatts of solar power capacity and mitigating its impacts on the electric power system. The report has been prepared based on information provided by the Amprion GmbH and 50Hertz Transmission GmbH managers and engineers to the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory representatives during their visit to Germany in October 2009. The trip and this report have been sponsored by the BPA Technology Innovation office. Learning from the German experience could help the Bonneville Power Administration engineers to compare and evaluate potential new solutions for managing higher penetrations of wind energy resources in their control area. A broader dissemination of this experience will benefit wind and solar resource integration efforts in the United States.

  13. License for the Konrad Deep Geological Repository

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biurrun, E.; Hartje, B.

    2003-02-24

    Deep geological disposal of long-lived radioactive waste is currently considered a major challenge. Until present, only three deep geological disposal facilities have worldwide been operated: the Asse experimental repository (1967-1978) and the Morsleben repository (1971-1998) in Germany as well as the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in the USA (1999 to present). Recently, the licensing procedure for the fourth such facility, the German Konrad repository, ended with a positive ''Planfeststellung'' (plan approval). With its plan approval decision, the licensing authority, the Ministry of the Environment of the state of Lower Saxony, approved the single license needed pursuant to German law to construct, operate, and later close down this facility.

  14. US ITER | Media Corner

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 News Archive: 2007 SRNL to help in study of fusion [Aiken Standard, January 16, 2007] United States-Japan Cooperation on Energy Security [Media Newswire, January 11, 2007] ORNL researchers, supercomputer have large roles in DOE projects [ORNL News Release, January 9, 2007] SNS completion highlights year of ORNL achievements [The Oak Ridger, January 4, 2007] US and German Leaders Explore Climate Cooperation [Environment News Service, January 4, 2007] Head of US ITER project named IEEE Fellow

  15. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Taking pictures with protons June 17, 2014 U.S., German, Russian collaboration conducts first experiments in Germany LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 17, 2014-A new facility for using protons to take microscopic images has been commissioned at the ring accelerator of the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH (Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research) in Darmstadt, Germany. The proton microscope was developed by an international collaboration consisting of Los Alamos National Laboratory, GSI,

  16. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ignite aluminum water mix June 30, 2014 Combustion mechanism of aluminum nanoparticles and water published in prestigious German chemistry journal LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 30, 2014-Don't worry, that beer can you're holding is not going to spontaneously burst into flames, but under the right circumstances aluminum does catch fire, and the exact mechanism that governs how, has long been a mystery. Now, new research by Los Alamos National Laboratory explosives scientist Bryce Tappan, published as the

  17. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    examine proton radiography of brain mockup March 25, 2013 Los Alamos researchers and German collaborators have investigated the application of giga-electron volt (GeV, or billion electron volts) energy proton beams for medical imaging in combination with proton radiation treatment for cancer. The use of such a high-energy proton beam is ideal for imaging small tumors within patients for targeted proton therapy. Proton radiography, which was invented at Los Alamos, employs a high- energy proton

  18. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Klimov receives Alexander von Humboldt award May 16, 2013 Victor Klimov of Physical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy (C-PCS) received the Alexander von Humboldt award from the foundation of the same name. The German government grants the award in recognition of a researcher whose discoveries, theories or insights have had a significant impact on his or her own discipline and who is expected to continue producing cutting-edge achievements in the future. The 60,000 Euro award finances extended

  19. Microsoft PowerPoint - [6] Stephen Conant Slides - HVDC Workshop April 2013

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Stephen Conant SVP, Anbaric Transmission April 22, 2013 Anbaric Transmission - Independent developer of electric transmission lines in U.S. with German subsidiary (GOTIC) positioned to compete for the development of offshore transmission in Germany Anbaric Microgrids - specialize in early stage development small, medium and large scale 2 development small, medium and large scale microgrid projects Anbaric Transmission in the U.S. ◦ Active in 6 to 8 transmission projects in the U.S. ◦ Work

  20. Transportation Efficiency Strategies

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Advanced Technology Vehicles: Overview and Constraints John German, ICCT EIA Energy Conference April 26, 2011 Where Does the Energy Go? http://www.fueleconomy.gov/FEG/atv.shtml Friction reduction Cylinder deactivation DI turbo Aero, tires Variable valves weight High efficient gasoline engine Clean diesel HEV expansion Base engine and vehicle improvements Efficiency/CO2 reduction EV/FCV development for future Fleet tests Research for mass production HCCI No single solution - multi-pronged

  1. Transportation Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technology Vehicles: Overview and Constraints John German, ICCT EIA Energy Conference April 26, 2011 Where Does the Energy Go? http://www.fueleconomy.gov/FEG/atv.shtml Friction reduction Cylinder deactivation DI turbo Aero, tires Variable valves weight High efficient gasoline engine Clean diesel HEV expansion Base engine and vehicle improvements Efficiency/CO2 reduction EV/FCV development for future Fleet tests Research for mass production HCCI No single solution - multi-pronged approach

  2. PPPL-designed coil critical to experiment arrives in stellar condition |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Princeton Plasma Physics Lab U.S.-German collaboration bears first fruits PPPL-designed coil critical to experiment arrives in stellar condition By John Greenwald July 10, 2012 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Max Planck staffers with delivered trim coil. Front row from left: Dr. Thomas Rummel, head of magnet and cryostat subdivision; Stefan Freundt, engineer; Dr. Hans-Stephan Bosch, associate director for coordination; Victor Bykov, engineer. Back row, from left: Konrad Risse,

  3. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  4. Biography E. Plischke

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plischke Mr. Plischke is a mathematician who received his Ph.D. from the Institute for Dynamical Systems, University of Bremen. Since 2008, he is working at the Institute of Disposal Research in Clausthal specialising in safety assessment and sensitivity analysis methods. Dr. Plischke presented at the third US/German Workshop on the topic of Methods for assessing the long- term performance of geotechnical seals in a repository in rock salt

  5. Scintillator material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, David F.; Kross, Brian J.

    1994-01-01

    An improved scintillator material comprising cerium fluoride is disclosed. Cerium fluoride has been found to provide a balance of good stopping power, high light yield and short decay constant that is superior to known scintillator materials such as thallium-doped sodium iodide, barium fluoride and bismuth germanate. As a result, cerium fluoride is favorably suited for use as a scintillator material in positron emission tomography.

  6. Scintillator material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, David F.; Kross, Brian J.

    1992-01-01

    An improved scintillator material comprising cerium fluoride is disclosed. Cerium fluoride has been found to provide a balance of good stopping power, high light yield and short decay constant that is superior to known scintillator materials such as thallium-doped sodium iodide, barium fluoride and bismuth germanate. As a result, cerium fluoride is favorably suited for use as a scintillator material in positron emission tomography.

  7. Salt Repository Research,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Salt Lake City Gamma Shield Thunder Exercise Concludes National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the FBI announced today the completion of the Gamma Shield Thunder counterterrorism table-top exercise at LDS Hospital. The exercise is part of NNSA's Silent Thunder table-top series, which is aimed at giving federal, state and local

    6 th US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation Hotel Pullmann Dresden Newa Dresden September 7 - 9, 2015 September 7- Monday

  8. Scintillator material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, D.F.; Kross, B.J.

    1992-07-28

    An improved scintillator material comprising cerium fluoride is disclosed. Cerium fluoride has been found to provide a balance of good stopping power, high light yield and short decay constant that is superior to known scintillator materials such as thallium-doped sodium iodide, barium fluoride and bismuth germanate. As a result, cerium fluoride is favorably suited for use as a scintillator material in positron emission tomography. 4 figs.

  9. Scintillator material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, D.F.; Kross, B.J.

    1994-06-07

    An improved scintillator material comprising cerium fluoride is disclosed. Cerium fluoride has been found to provide a balance of good stopping power, high light yield and short decay constant that is superior to known scintillator materials such as thallium-doped sodium iodide, barium fluoride and bismuth germanate. As a result, cerium fluoride is favorably suited for use as a scintillator material in positron emission tomography. 4 figs.

  10. Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes: Los National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alamos Laboratory Timothy Germann german Contact Information Los Alamos National Laboratory Theoretical Division Physics and Chemistry of Materials Group Phone: (505) 665-9772 tcg@lanl.gov Bio Education Ph.D., Chemical Physics, Harvard University, 1995 B.S., Computer Science, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 1991 B.S., Chemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 1991 Research and Professional Experience Technical Staff Member, Los Alamos National Laboratory, April

  11. Klimov receives Alexander von Humboldt award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Klimov Receives Alexander Von Humboldt Award Klimov receives Alexander von Humboldt award The German government grants the award in recognition of a researcher whose discoveries, theories or insights have had a significant impact on his or her own discipline and who is expected to continue producing cutting-edge achievements in the future. May 16, 2013 Victor Klimov Victor Klimov Klimov is an expert in nanocrystal quantum dots and optical amplification in nanocrystals. Victor Klimov of Physical

  12. ARM - Temperature Converter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CalculatorsTemperature Converter Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Temperature Converter The Fahrenheit scale, invented by German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686-1736), is based on 32 °F for the freezing point of water and 212 °F for the boiling point of water. The

  13. Germany knows mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2006-11-15

    Whether it is the nuance of precision or robust rock breaking strength, German suppliers have the expertise. Germany has about 120 companies in the mining equipment industry, employing some 16,000 people. The article describes some recent developments of the following companies: DBT, Liebherr, Atlas Copco, BASF, Boart Longyear, Eickhoff, IBS, Maschinenfabrik Glueckauf, Komatsu, TAKRA, Terex O & R, Thyssen Krupp Foerdertechnik and Wirtgen. 7 photos.

  14. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Samolyuk, German" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: All Accepted Manuscript Published Article Publisher's Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: Subject: Identifier Numbers: Research Org: Sponsoring Org: Publication Date: to Update Date: to Sort: Relevance (highest to lowest) Publication Date (newest first) Publication Date (oldest first) Close Clear All Find Switch to Detail View for this search DOE PAGES Search Results Page 1 of 1 Search for: All records 10 results for: All records

  15. General Observation Period 2007: Concept and first results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Orographically- induced Precipitation Study (COPS) AMF AMF Volker Wulfmeyer, Andreas Behrendt, and Hans-Stefan Bauer, University of Hohenheim Christoph Kottmeier and Ulrich Corsmeier, FZK Karlsruhe Gerhard Adrian, German Meteorological Service (DWD Alan Blyth, School of Environment, University of Leeds, UK George Craig, Ulrich Schumann, and Martin Hagen, DLR Susanne Crewell, University of Cologne Paolo Di Girolamo, Universita degli Studi della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy Cyrille Flamant,

  16. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    German, Alea" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: All Book/Monograph Conference/Event Journal Article Miscellaneous Patent Program Document Software Manual Technical Report Thesis/Dissertation Subject: Identifier Numbers: Site: All Alaska Power Administration, Juneau, Alaska (United States) Albany Research Center (ARC), Albany, OR (United States) Albuquerque Complex - NNSA Albuquerque Operations Office, Albuquerque, NM (United States) Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium,

  17. ARM - Site Instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FacilitiesAMF Deployment, Black Forest, GermanyInstruments Black Forest Deployment AMF Home Black Forest Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments CERA COPS Data University of Hohenheim COPS Website COPS Update, April 2009 Experiment Planning COPS Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Plan (PDF, 12.4M) Outreach COPS Backgrounder (PDF, 306K) Posters AMF Poster, German Vesion Researching Raindrops in the Black Forest News Campaign Images Instruments : Black Forest, Germany Active Retired

  18. ARM - Events Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conference to Address Clouds and Precipitation in Climate Models Bookmark and Share A conference focused on understanding clouds and precipitation through highly resolved process modeling and observations is being held in Berlin from February 15 to 19, 2016. Abstracts will be accepted through mid-September and will be reviewed in early October. The conference, hosted by the German project on High Definition Clouds and Precipitation for Advancing Climate Prediction, will bring together

  19. Vapor-liquid-solid epitaxial growth of Si1-xGex alloy nanowires. Composition dependence on precursor reactivity and morphology control for vertical forests

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Choi, S. G.; Manandhar, P.; Picraux, S. T.

    2015-07-07

    The growth of high-density group IV alloy nanowire forests is critical for exploiting their unique functionalities in many applications. Here, the compositional dependence on precursor reactivity and optimized conditions for vertical growth are studied for Si1- x Ge x alloy nanowires grown by the vapor-liquid-solid method. The nanowire composition versus gas partial-pressure ratio for germane-silane and germane-disilane precursor combinations is obtained at 350°C over a wide composition range (0.05 ≤ x ≤ 0.98) and a generalized model to predict composition for alloy nanowires is developed based on the relative precursor partial pressures and reactivity ratio. In combination with germane, silanemore » provides more precise compositional control at high Ge concentrations (x > 0.7), whereas disilane greatly increases the Si concentration for a given gas ratio and enables more precise alloy compositional control at small Ge concentrations (x < 0.3). Vertically oriented, non-kinking nanowire forest growth on Si (111) substrates is then discussed for silane/germane over a wide range of compositions, with temperature and precursor partial pressure optimized by monitoring the nanowire growth front using in-situ optical reflectance. For high Ge compositions (x ≈ 0.9), a “two-step” growth approach with nucleation at higher temperatures results in nanowires with high-density and uniform vertical orientation. Furthermore, increasing Si content (x ≈ 0.8), the optimal growth window is shifted to higher temperatures, which minimizes nanowire kinking morphologies. For Si-rich Si1- x Ge x alloys (x ≈ 0.25), vertical nanowire growth is enhanced by single-step, higher-temperature growth at reduced pressures.« less

  20. Methane emissions from MBT landfills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heyer, K.-U. Hupe, K.; Stegmann, R.

    2013-09-15

    Highlights: Compilation of methane generation potential of mechanical biological treated (MBT) municipal solid waste. Impacts and kinetics of landfill gas production of MBT landfills, approach with differentiated half-lives. Methane oxidation in the waste itself and in soil covers. Estimation of methane emissions from MBT landfills in Germany. - Abstract: Within the scope of an investigation for the German Federal Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt), the basics for the estimation of the methane emissions from the landfilling of mechanically and biologically treated waste (MBT) were developed. For this purpose, topical research including monitoring results regarding the gas balance at MBT landfills was evaluated. For waste treated to the required German standards, a methane formation potential of approximately 1824 m{sup 3} CH{sub 4}/t of total dry solids may be expected. Monitoring results from MBT landfills show that a three-phase model with differentiated half-lives describes the degradation kinetics in the best way. This is due to the fact that during the first years of disposal, the anaerobic degradation processes still proceed relatively intensively. In addition in the long term (decades), a residual gas production at a low level is still to be expected. Most of the soils used in recultivation layer systems at German landfills show a relatively high methane oxidation capacity up to 5 l CH{sub 4}/(m{sup 2} h). However, measurements at MBT disposal sites indicate that the majority of the landfill gas (in particular at non-covered areas), leaves the landfill body via preferred gas emission zones (hot spots) without significant methane oxidation. Therefore, rather low methane oxidation factors are recommended for open and temporarily covered MBT landfills. Higher methane oxidation rates can be achieved when the soil/recultivation layer is adequately designed and operated. Based on the elaborated default values, the First Order Decay (FOD) model of the IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, 2006, was used to estimate the methane emissions from MBT landfills. Due to the calculation made by the authors emissions in the range of 60,000135,000 t CO{sub 2-eq.}/a for all German MBT landfills can be expected. This wide range shows the uncertainties when the here used procedure and the limited available data are applied. It is therefore necessary to generate more data in the future in order to calculate more precise methane emission rates from MBT landfills. This is important for the overall calculation of the climate gas production in Germany which is required once a year by the German Government.

  1. The spectral irradiance traceability chain at PTB

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sperfeld, P.; Pape, S.; Nevas, S.

    2013-05-10

    Spectral irradiance is a fundamental radiometric unit. Its application to measurement results requires qualified traceability to basic units of the international system of units (Systeme international d'unites, SI). The Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) is amongst other national metrological institutes (NMIs) responsible for the realization, maintenance and dissemination of various radiometric and photometric units based on and traceable to national standards. The unit of spectral irradiance is realized and represented by a blackbody-radiator as the national primary standard of the PTB. Based on Planck's radiation law, the irradiance is calculated and realized for any wavelength taking into account the exact knowledge of the radiation temperature and the geometrical parameters. Using a double-monochromator-based spectroradiometer system, secondary standard lamps can be calibrated by direct comparison to the blackbody-radiator (substitution method). These secondary standard lamps are then used at the PTB to calibrate standard lamps of customers. The customers themselves use these so-called transfer standards to calibrate their working standard lamps. These working standards are then used to calibrate own spectroradiometers or sources. This rather complex calibration chain is a common procedural method that for the customers generally leads to satisfying measurement results on site. Nevertheless, the standard lamps in use have to fulfill highest requirements concerning stability and reproducibility. Only this allows achieving comparably low transfer measurement uncertainties, which occur at each calibration step. Thus, the PTB is constantly investigating the improvement and further development of transfer standards and measurement methods for various spectral regions. The realization and dissemination of the spectral irradiance using the blackbody-radiator at the PTB is accomplished with worldwide approved minimized measurement uncertainties confirmed by international intercomparisons among NMIs. Ultimately, the spectral irradiance can be realized with expanded measurement uncertainties of far less than 1 % over a wide spectral range. Thus, for customers with high demands on low measurement uncertainties, it is possible to calibrate their working standards directly against the blackbody-radiator, taking into account the higher necessary effort. In special cases it is possible to calibrate the customer's spectroradiometric facilities directly in front of the blackbody-radiator. In the context of the European Metrology Research Project Traceability for surface spectral solar ultraviolet radiation, the traceability chain will be improved and adapted.

  2. Disposing of High-Level Radioactive Waste in Germany - A Note from the Licensing Authority - 12530

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pick, Thomas Stefan; Bluth, Joachim; Lauenstein, Christof; Markhoefer, Joerg

    2012-07-01

    Following the national German consensus on the termination of utilisation of nuclear energy in the summer of 2011, the Federal and Laender Governments have declared their intention to work together on a national consensus on the disposal of radioactive waste as well. Projected in the early 1970's the Federal Government had started exploring the possibility to establish a repository for HLW at the Gorleben site in 1977. However, there is still no repository available in Germany today. The delay results mainly from the national conflict over the suitability of the designated Gorleben site, considerably disrupting German society along the crevice that runs between supporters and opponents of nuclear energy. The Gorleben salt dome is situated in Lower Saxony, the German state that also hosts the infamous Asse mine repository for LLW and ILW and the Konrad repository project designated to receive LLW and ILW as well. With the fourth German project, the Morsleben L/ILW repository only 20 km away across the state border, the state of Lower Saxony carries the main load for the disposal of radioactive waste in Germany. After more than 25 years of exploration and a 10 year moratorium the Gorleben project has now reached a cross-road. Current plans for setting up a new site selection procedure in Germany call for the selection and exploration of up to four alternative sites, depending only on suitable geology. In the meantime the discussion is still open on whether the Gorleben project should be terminated in order to pacify the societal conflict or being kept in the selection process on account of its promising geology. The Lower Saxony Ministry for Environment and Climate Protection proposes to follow a twelve-step-program for finding the appropriate site, including the Gorleben site in the process. With its long history of exploration the site is the benchmark that alternative sites will have to compare with. Following the national consensus of 2011 on the termination of nuclear energy utilisation, it is now the time to reach a national consensus on the disposal of radioactive waste as well. This is a task that the country and society, federal and state governments, political parties and the citizens will have to jointly master within the current generation and within German territory. The basis for the consensus will be a reset to the beginning of this process. It has to start with a new site selection procedure that will take into account and compare up to four alternative sites. This procedure will have to follow the principle of highest possible security. It should be based on a stepwise approach, strictly following scientific criteria. Public confidence in the process and trust can only be achieved by a transparent procedure allowing for the participation of the public and the stakeholders. It is therefore mandatory to consult, both on a national and regional level, all involved parties (public authority, scientist and citizen). The national consensus must also include a decision on the future of the Gorleben exploratory site. The site selection procedure must therefore take this site into account as well. Furthermore, the final decision on safe disposal of German radioactive wastes must be made by sovereign rule by Federal Parliament and Federal Council. (authors)

  3. Ice plug employed on subsea pipeline bend during repair

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-22

    The first controlled-temperature ice plug in the bend of an offshore gas trunkline has been carried out for Phillips Petroleum Co. Norway on its Norpipe A.S. platform in the German sector of the North Sea. The procedure was part of a subsea valve repair operation. The ice plug was successfully formed offshore and tested to a differential pressure of 1,450 psi. Repair of two valves required only 5 days during which time gas production was operating at close to 50--60% via the platform bypass, says the service company. The paper discusses the procedure.

  4. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond WorldWideScience.org Multilingual Search of Chemistry and Other Sciences ACS National Meeting Slide15 Slide16 Slide17 Slide18 Slide19 Slide20 Slide01 Slide02 Slide03 Slide04 Slide05 Slide06 Slide07 Slide08 Slide09 Slide10 Slide11 Slide12 Slide13 Slide14 Slide15 Slide15 Multilingual Translations Translating ten languages, with potential for more Arabic Chinese German Deutsch English Spanish Español French Français Japanese Korean

  5. Summaries of physical research in the geosciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-09-01

    The Department of Energy supports research in the geosciences in order to provide a sound foundation of fundamental knowledge in those areas of earth, atmospheric, and solar-terrestrial sciences that are germane to the Department of Energy's many missions. The summaries in the document describe the scope of the individual programs and detail the research performed during 1982 to 1983. The Geoscience Research Program includes research in geology, petrology, geophysics, geochemistry, hydrology, solar-terrestrial relationships, aeronomy, seismology, and natural resource analysis, including the various subdivisions and interdisciplinary areas. All such research is related either directly or indirectly to the Department of Energy's technological needs.

  6. Summaries of physical research in the geosciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-09-01

    The Department of Energy supports research in the geosciences in order to provide a sound foundation of fundamental knowledge in those areas that are germane to the Department of Energy's many missions. The summaries in this document, prepared by the investigators, describe the scope of the individual programs. The Geoscience Research Program includes research in geology, petrology, geophysics, geochemistry, solar-terrestrial relationships, aeronomy, seismology, and natural resource analysis, including their various subdivisions and interdisciplinary areas. All such research is related either directly or indirectly to the Department of Energy's technological needs.

  7. Summaries of physical research in the geosciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-10-01

    The Department of Energy supports research in the geosciences in order to provide a sound foundation of fundamental knowledge in those areas of earth, atmospheric, and solar-terrestrial sciences that are germane to the Department of Energy's many missions. The summaries describe the scope of the individual programs and detail the research performed during 1980 to 1981. The Geosciences Research Program includes research in geology, petrology, geophysics, geochemistry, hydrology, solar-terrestrial relationships, aeronomy, seismology, and natural resource analysis, including the various subdivisions and interdisciplinary areas.

  8. Sarah Hesse > Graduate Student - Wiesner Group > Researchers, Postdocs &

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Graduates > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell Sarah Hesse Graduate Student - Wiesner Group sah354@cornell.edu Sarah Hesse is originally from near Cologne, Germany, but grew up in the San Francisco Bay Area in California. She received her B.S. in Chemistry and B.A. in German from the University of California, Berkeley. Sarah joined the Wiesner group in Fall 2013 as a graduate student in Chemistry and is currently working on mesoporous carbons from block terpolymer self-assembly as

  9. Manhattan Project: Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Werner Heisenberg, the leader of the German atomic weapons program. ATOMIC RIVALS AND THE ALSOS MISSION (Germany and Japan, 1938-1945) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 For most

  10. X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be

  11. X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be

  12. X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be

  13. X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be

  14. X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print Wednesday, 26 September 2007 00:00 The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray

  15. Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and Use of Solar Resource Data for Solar Energy Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and Use of Solar Resource Data for Solar Energy Applications M. Sengupta, 1 A. Habte, 1 S. Kurtz, 1 A. Dobos, 1 S. Wilbert, 2 E. Lorenz, 3 T. Stoffel, 4 D. Renné, 5 C. Gueymard, 6 D. Myers, 7 S. Wilcox, 4 P. Blanc, 8 and R. Perez 9 1 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 2 German Aerospace Center 3 University of Oldenburg 4 Solar Resource Solutions, LLC 5 International Energy Agency Solar Heating and Cooling Programme 6 Solar Consulting Services 7

  16. Biography J. Wolf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wolf Mr. Wolf is a Scientist at Gesellschaft für Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH. He holds a Diploma in Geology/Hydrogeology and a Ph.D. in Civil Engineering (Hydraulic and Environmental Systems). For six years he has been engaged in the department of long -term safety analyses for repository systems. Since 2010 the point of main effort has been the preliminary safety analysis for the salt dome Gorleben. Mr. Wolf presented at the third US/German Workshop on the topic of FEP Catalogue

  17. Jefferson Lab scientist puts intriguing view on spin of the proton |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jefferson Lab scientist puts intriguing view on spin of the proton Jefferson Lab scientist puts intriguing view on spin of the proton April 17, 2007 Newport News, Va. - A new result from the HERMES experiment at The German Electron Synchrotron DESY indicates that the gluons which bind quarks into the proton show only slight polarization. The result will be presented by Elke-Caroline Aschenauer, a former HERMES spokesperson and current 12 GeV Upgrade Hall D Leader at the Department of

  18. Simulation of water transport in heated rock salt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlich, M.; Jockwer, N.

    1986-01-01

    This paper summarizes computer simulation studies on water transport in German rock salt. Based on JOCKWERS experimental investigations on water content and water liberation, the object of these studies was to select a water transport model, that matches the water inflow which was measured in some heater experiments in the Asse Salt Mine. The main result is, that an evaporation front model, with Knudsen-type vapor transport combined with fluid transport by thermal expansion of the adsorbed water layers in the non evaporated zone, showed the best agreement with experimental evidence.

  19. Nanocomposite scintillator, detector, and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cooke, D. Wayne; McKigney, Edward A.; Muenchausen, Ross E.; Bennett, Bryan L.

    2009-04-28

    A compact includes a mixture of a solid binder and at least one nanopowder phosphor chosen from yttrium oxide, yttrium tantalate, barium fluoride, cesium fluoride, bismuth germanate, zinc gallate, calcium magnesium pyrosilicate, calcium molybdate, calcium chlorovanadate, barium titanium pyrophosphate, a metal tungstate, a cerium doped nanophosphor, a bismuth doped nanophosphor, a lead doped nanophosphor, a thallium doped sodium iodide, a doped cesium iodide, a rare earth doped pyrosilicate, or a lanthanide halide. The compact can be used in a radiation detector for detecting ionizing radiation.

  20. Salt Repository Research,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    th US/German Workshop on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation Hotel Pullman Dresden Newa September 7 - 9, 2015 September 7- Monday 08:00-08:30 Registration 08:30-08:50 Welcome by the organizers T. Lautsch, DBE F. Hansen, SNL W. Steininger, PTKA 08:50-09:15 Welcome by BMWi U. Borak, BMWi 09:15-09:30 Welcome by USDOE N. Buschman, US DOE 09:30-10:00 NEA Salt Club J. Mönig, GRS SAFETY CASE ISSUES 10:00-10:30 WIPP recovery F. Hansen, SNL 10:30-11:00 Coffee break and photo event

  1. Salt Repository Research,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on Salt Repository Research, Design, and Operation La Fonda Hotel Santa Fe, New Mexico September 7 - 11, 2014 Please join us Sunday September 7, 2014 for a welcome and reception at the La Fonda Hotel hosted by Sandia National Laboratories beginning at 6:00 PM. Day 1 Technical Agenda September 8 - Monday 08:00-08:45 Sign-in and distribution of meeting materials 08:45-09:45 Welcome addresses H.C. Pape (BMWi) US-DOE Offices Highlights of US/German Collaboration F. Hansen (SNL) W. Steininger (PTKA)

  2. Microsoft Word - bethe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hans A. Bethe Hans Bethe was one of the great physicists not only of the twentieth century, but of all time. During his long life, he uncovered the secrets powering the stars, published the standard work on nuclear physics, built atomic weapons, and called for a halt to their proliferation. Bethe's dual legacy is one of genius and conscience. On July 2, 1906, Hans Bethe was born in Strasbourg, Alsace (then part of the German Empire), to Albrecht and Anna Bethe. Bethe attended a private school in

  3. Hybrid sol-gel optical materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zeigler, John M.

    1993-01-01

    Hybrid sol-gel materials comprise silicate sols cross-linked with linear polysilane, polygermane, or poly(silane-germane). The sol-gel materials are useful as optical identifiers in tagging and verification applications and, in a different aspect, as stable, visible light transparent non-linear optical materials. Methyl or phenyl silicones, polyaryl sulfides, polyaryl ethers, and rubbery polysilanes may be used in addition to the linear polysilane. The linear polymers cross-link with the sol to form a matrix having high optical transparency, resistance to thermooxidative aging, adherence to a variety of substrates, brittleness, and a resistance to cracking during thermal cycling.

  4. Hybrid sol-gel optical materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zeigler, John M.

    1992-01-01

    Hybrid sol-gel materials comprise silicate sols cross-linked with linear polysilane, polygermane, or poly(silane-germane). The sol-gel materials are useful as optical identifiers in tagging and verification applications and, in a different aspect, as stable, visible light transparent non-linear optical materials. Methyl or phenyl silicones, polyaryl sulfides, polyaryl ethers, and rubbery polysilanes may be used in addition to the linear polysilane. The linear polymers cross-link with the sol to form a matrix having high optical transparency, resistance to thermooxidative aging, adherence to a variety of substrates, brittleness, and a resistance to cracking during thermal cycling.

  5. Rei Lee

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rei Lee Rei Lee rlee.jpg Rei Chi Lee Storage Systems Group National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center RCLee@lbl.gov Phone: (510) 495-2610 Fax: (510) 486-4316 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road Mail Stop 943-256 Berkeley, CA 94720 US Conference Papers Zhengji Zhao, Mike Davis, Katie Antypas, Yushu Yao, Rei Lee and Tina Butler, "Shared Library Performance on Hopper", A paper presented in the Cray User Group meeting, Apri 29-May-3, 2012, Stuttgart, German.,

  6. 2005 - 04 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 Apr 2005 Mon, 2005-04-25 14:00 Jefferson Lab's Detector Group builds small-animal imaging device for the German Cancer Research Center Wed, 2005-04-20 14:00 JLab, College of W&amp;M researchers study radiation blockers while conducting nuclear imaging of Iodine uptake in mouse tissues Wed, 2005-04-20 14:00 HAPPEx Results Hint at Strangely Magnetic Proton Wed, 2005-04-20 14:00 Is It or Isn't It? Pentaquark Debate Heats Up Mon, 2005-04-11 14:00 JLab, Hampton U. celebrate Einstein's love of

  7. X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be

  8. X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be

  9. X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be

  10. Monolayer coated aerogels and method of making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zemanian, Thomas Samuel (Richland, WA); Fryxell, Glen (Kennwick, WA); Ustyugov, Oleksiy A. (Spokane, WA)

    2006-03-28

    Aerogels having a monolayer coating are described. The aerogel and a monolayer forming precursor are provided in a supercritical fluid, whereupon the aerogel and the monolayer forming precursor are reacted in said supercritical fluid to form a covalent bond between the aerogel and the monolayer forming precursor. Suitable aerogels are ceramic oxides such as silica, alumina, aluminosilicate, and combinations thereof. Suitable monolayer forming precursors include alkyl silanes, chlorosilanes, boranes, chloroboranes, germanes, and combinations thereof. The method may also include providing a surface preparation agent such as water, or hydroetching an aerogel to enhance the coating of the monolayer.

  11. Pressurized fluidized-bed combustion technology exchange workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ,

    1980-04-01

    The pressurized fluidized-bed combustion technology exchange workshop was held June 5 and 6, 1979, at The Meadowlands Hilton Hotel, Secaucus, New Jersey. Eleven papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA. The papers include reviews of the US DOE and EPRI programs in this area and papers by Swedish, West German, British and American organizations. The British papers concern the joint program of the USA, UK and FRG at Leatherhead. The key factor in several papers is the use of fluidized bed combustors, gas turbines, and steam turbines in combined-cycle power plants. One paper examines several combined-cycle alternatives. (LTN)

  12. Application of coupled codes for safety analysis and licensing issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Langenbuch, S.; Velkov, K.

    2006-07-01

    An overview is given on the development and the advantages of coupled codes which integrate 3D neutron kinetics into thermal-hydraulic system codes. The work performed within GRS by coupling the thermal-hydraulic system code ATHLET and the 3D neutronics code QUABOX/CUBBOX is described as an example. The application of the coupled codes as best-estimate simulation tools for safety analysis is discussed. Some examples from German licensing practices are given which demonstrate how the improved analytical methods of coupled codes have contributed to solve licensing issues related to optimized and more economical use of fuel. (authors)

  13. Geothermal energy and the land resource: conflicts and constraints in The Geysers-Calistoga KGRA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Banion, K.; Hall, C.

    1980-07-14

    This study of potential land-related impacts of geothermal power development in The Geysers region focuses on Lake County because it has most of the undeveloped resource and the least regulatory capability. First, the land resource is characterized in terms of its ecological, hydrological, agricultural, and recreational value; intrinsic natural hazards; and the adequacy of roads and utility systems. Based on those factors, the potential land-use conflicts and constraints that geothermal development may encounter in the region are identified and the availability and relative suitability of land for such development is determined. A brief review of laws and powers germane to geothermal land-use regulation is included.

  14. Early Days of Coal Research | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Early Days of Coal Research Early Days of Coal Research Wartime Needs Spur Interest in Coal-to-Oil Processes In 1944 General George S. Patton's Third Army was racing across southern France. In his haste to be the first U.S. commander to cross into Germany, however, Patton overextended his supply lines. His armored columns ground to a dead stop. Faced the choice of waiting until he could be resupplied or draining the fuel of captured German vehicles, Patton chose the latter. His tanks and armored

  15. Hybrid sol-gel optical materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zeigler, J.M.

    1993-04-20

    Hybrid sol-gel materials comprise silicate sols cross-linked with linear polysilane, polygermane, or poly(silane-germane). The sol-gel materials are useful as optical identifiers in tagging and verification applications and, in a different aspect, as stable, visible light transparent non-linear optical materials. Methyl or phenyl silicones, polyaryl sulfides, polyaryl ethers, and rubbery polysilanes may be used in addition to the linear polysilane. The linear polymers cross-link with the sol to form a matrix having high optical transparency, resistance to thermooxidative aging, adherence to a variety of substrates, brittleness, and a resistance to cracking during thermal cycling.

  16. Implementing the Espoo Convention in transboundary EIA between Germany and Poland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albrecht, Eike

    2008-08-15

    Poland and Germany have a long common border which leads to the necessity to cooperate and consult each other in the case of large-scale projects or infrastructure measures likely to cause negative transboundary effects on the environment. There are already binding provisions for transboundary EIA. In the area of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), transboundary EIA is intended to be legally binding for the Member States by the Espoo Convention which was ratified by Germany 8.8.2002 and by Poland 12.6.1997. Due to corresponding directives, the same is applicable in the context of the European Union. In German legislation, this issue is regulated by Art. 8 of the Federal EIA Act in regard to transboundary participation of administration and by Art. 9a in respect of transboundary public participation. However, these EIA regulations on transboundary participation do not surpass a certain detail level, as they have to be applied between Germany and all neighbouring states. Therefore both countries decided to agree on more detailed provisions in particular regarding procedural questions. During the 12th German-Polish Environmental Council, Germany and Poland reached an agreement on 11.4.2006 in Neuhardenberg/Brandenburg an agreement upon the implementation of the Espoo Convention, the so called Neuhardenberg Agreement. This article assesses the agreement under consideration of already existing law and discusses major improvements and problems.

  17. Integrability and nonintegrability of quantum systems. II. Dynamics in quantum phase space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Weimin (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (USA) Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA (USA)); Feng, D.H.; Yuan, Jianmin (Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA (USA))

    1990-12-15

    Based on the concepts of integrability and nonintegrability of a quantum system presented in a previous paper (Zhang, Feng, Yuan, and Wang, Phys. Rev. A 40, 438 (1989)), a realization of the dynamics in the quantum phase space is now presented. For a quantum system with dynamical group {ital G-script} and in one of its unitary irreducible-representation carrier spaces {ital h-german}{sub {Lambda}}, the quantum phase space is a 2{ital M}{sub {Lambda}}-dimensional topological space, where {ital M}{sub {Lambda}} is the quantum-dynamical degrees of freedom. This quantum phase space is isomorphic to a coset space {ital G-script}/{ital H-script} via the unitary exponential mapping of the elementary excitation operator subspace of {ital g-script} (algebra of {ital G-script}), where {ital H-script} ({contained in}{ital G-script}) is the maximal stability subgroup of a fixed state in {ital h-german}{sub {Lambda}}. The phase-space representation of the system is realized on {ital G-script}/{ital H-script}, and its classical analogy can be obtained naturally. It is also shown that there is consistency between quantum and classical integrability. Finally, a general algorithm for seeking the manifestation of quantum chaos'' via the classical analogy is provided. Illustrations of this formulation in several important quantum systems are presented.

  18. Phloem Transport of Arsenic Species from Flag Leaf to Grain During Grain Filling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A Carey; G Norton; C Deacon; K Scheckel; E Lombi; T Punshon; M Guerinot; A Lanzirotti; M Newville; et al.

    2011-12-31

    Strategies to reduce arsenic (As) in rice grain, below concentrations that represent a serious human health concern, require that the mechanisms of As accumulation within grain be established. Therefore, retranslocation of As species from flag leaves into filling rice grain was investigated. Arsenic species were delivered through cut flag leaves during grain fill. Spatial unloading within grains was investigated using synchrotron X-ray fluorescence (SXRF) microtomography. Additionally, the effect of germanic acid (a silicic acid analog) on grain As accumulation in arsenite-treated panicles was examined. Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) and monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) were extremely efficiently retranslocated from flag leaves to rice grain; arsenate was poorly retranslocated, and was rapidly reduced to arsenite within flag leaves; arsenite displayed no retranslocation. Within grains, DMA rapidly dispersed while MMA and inorganic As remained close to the entry point. Germanic acid addition did not affect grain As in arsenite-treated panicles. Three-dimensional SXRF microtomography gave further information on arsenite localization in the ovular vascular trace (OVT) of rice grains. These results demonstrate that inorganic As is poorly remobilized, while organic species are readily remobilized, from leaves to grain. Stem translocation of inorganic As may not rely solely on silicic acid transporters.

  19. Phloem transport of arsenic species from flag leaf to grain during grain filling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carey, Anne-Marie; Norton, Gareth J.; Deacon, Claire; Scheckel, Kirk G.; Lombi, Enzo; Punshon, Tracy; Guerinot, Mary Lou; Lanzirotti, Antonio; Newville, Matt; Choi, Yongseong; Price, Adam H.; Meharg, Andrew A.

    2011-09-20

    Strategies to reduce arsenic (As) in rice grain, below concentrations that represent a serious human health concern, require that the mechanisms of As accumulation within grain be established. Therefore, retranslocation of As species from flag leaves into filling rice grain was investigated. Arsenic species were delivered through cut flag leaves during grain fill. Spatial unloading within grains was investigated using synchrotron X-ray fluorescence (SXRF) microtomography. Additionally, the effect of germanic acid (a silicic acid analog) on grain As accumulation in arsenite-treated panicles was examined. Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) and monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) were extremely efficiently retranslocated from flag leaves to rice grain; arsenate was poorly retranslocated, and was rapidly reduced to arsenite within flag leaves; arsenite displayed no retranslocation. Within grains, DMA rapidly dispersed while MMA and inorganic As remained close to the entry point. Germanic acid addition did not affect grain As in arsenite-treated panicles. Three-dimensional SXRF microtomography gave further information on arsenite localization in the ovular vascular trace (OVT) of rice grains. These results demonstrate that inorganic As is poorly remobilized, while organic species are readily remobilized, from leaves to grain. Stem translocation of inorganic As may not rely solely on silicic acid transporters.

  20. Energy R and D in Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Runci, PJ

    1999-11-01

    Germany's total national (i.e., combined public and private sector) funding for R&D stood at $42 billion in 1997. The private sector accounted for nearly 62% ($24 billion) of the total, while the public sector accounted for approximately 38%. Since the late 1970s, when the public and private sectors each funded roughly half of Germany's R&D, the private sector has steadily assumed a larger and larger role as the dominant supporter of R&D activity, while overall government funding has remained essentially flat for much of the past two decades. In addition to declining relative to private R&D expenditures, public R&D expenditures in Germany declined by 4% in real terms between 1991 and 1997, to approximately $15 billion. The reduction in R&D investments in the public sector can be attributed in large part to the financial challenges associated with German reunification and related shifts in social priorities including efforts to address high unemployment and to rebuild basic infrastructure in the eastern states. R&D expenditures have also declined as a percentage of the total public budget, from a peak of 3.4% in 1985 to 2.7% in 1996. Energy R&D has been the hardest hit of all major socioeconomic areas of R&D expenditure funded by the German government. Between 1981 and 1997, public energy R&D fell from approximately $1.6 billion to $400 million--a 75% real decline. The $850 million reduction in Germany's fission R&D budget (which constituted two-thirds of government R&D investment in 1985) explains some 90% of the funding decline. Negative public perceptions regarding the safety and environmental impacts of nuclear energy have reduced nuclear power's viability as a long-term energy option for Germany. Discussions of a complete nuclear phaseout are now under way. At the same time, the German government has slashed its investments in fossil energy R&D by more than 90%. While energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies have fared relatively well in comparison with other energy technology areas, government support for all areas of energy R&D has declined in absolute terms since 1990. Remaining public and private sector energy R&D investments focus increasingly technology demonstration and commercialization efforts with relatively short time horizons.

  1. Towards sustainable settlement growth: A new multi-criteria assessment for implementing environmental targets into strategic urban planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schetke, Sophie; Haase, Dagmar; Koetter, Theo

    2012-01-15

    For nearly one decade, the German political and research-agenda has been to a large extent determined by the ongoing question of how to limit the expansion of settlement areas around cities in order to preserve natural resources, make settlement growth more sustainable and to strengthen the re-use of existing inner-urban areas (see a.o. Koetter et al. 2009a, 2010; Schetke et al. 2009, 2010b). What is already under discussion within the international literature are the recommendations of the German Council for Sustainability to quantitatively reduce the daily greenfield consumption from the current rate of over 100 ha per day to a rate of 30 ha per day in 2020 and to bring urban infill development up to a ratio of 3:1 with greenfield development (German Council for Sustainability, 2004).). This paper addresses the added value beyond those abstract political targets and presents an innovative, multi-criteria assessment (MCA) of greenfield and infill sites to evaluate their sustainability and resource efficiency. MCA development and its incorporation into a Decision Support System (DSS) were accomplished by utilising a stakeholder-driven approach. The resulting tool can be applied in preparing and revising land-use plans. The paper presents the concept and the development process of the MCA-DSS. Test runs with planners prove that the evaluation of potential housing sites using individually weighted environmental indicators helps to identify those strategies of housing development that accord most closely with sustainability goals. The tests further show that the development of greenfield sites generally exhibits less sustainability than that of infill sites. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This paper presents an innovative, multi-criteria assessment (MCA) of greenfield and infill sites. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The MCA evaluates sustainability and resource efficiency of potential housing sites in a stakeholder-driven approach. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Test runs with planners identified prominent environmental indicators and assigned individual weights. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The resulting tool can be applied in preparing and revising land-use plans according to sustainable housing development. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Test runs also show that greenfield development generally exhibits less sustainability than infill development.

  2. Initial results of the CD-1 reliable multicast experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, D.; Stead, R.; Coan, B.; Burns, J. E.; Shah, N.; Kyriakopoulos, N.

    2000-09-29

    During the past year, an experiment has been underway to test use of reliable multicast capabilities for transmission of continuous data in the Global Communication Infrastructure. For the experiment a version of the CD-1 protocol was multicast enabled. The experiment has demonstrated the feasibility of transmitting data in a multicast mode over the GCI. In the case of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty the sender could be the station and the receivers the International Data Center (IDC) and one or more National Data Centers (NDC). The potential advantages of multicasting include (a) the timely receipt of the data by the IDC and the host NDC and (b) the simultaneous availability of the raw station data at, at least, two locations. The latter, by introducing redundant data paths, decreases the probability of loss of station data due to a potential failure of a single data receiver. This experiment is only one element of a needed more thorough assessment of the reliability and cost-effectiveness of introducing redundancies in the data transmission paths and the data sinks of the IMS. The next stage of the multicast experiment planned is installation of the multicast-enabled CD-1 software at the GERES IMS station, at the German NDC and at the IDC for further experiments with actual IMS station data. This stage of the experiment is waiting on installation of a GCI link to the German NDC. Negotiations regarding price for this installation have been on going between the Global Communication Infrastructure (GCI) contractor and the German NDC with no resolution. Current development of the CD-x protocol is proceeding in two complementary directions. Along with the work on a multicast enabled version of CD-1 there is also work to develop CD-1.1, which will add end-to-end reliability to the CD-1 protocol among other things. A possible future activity would be to combine the reliable multicast and the end-to-end reliability mechanisms into one CD-x protocol version.

  3. Drilling and abandonment preparation of CO₂ storage wells – Experience from the Ketzin pilot site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prevedel, Bernhard; Martens, Sonja; Norden, Ben; Henninges, Jan; Freifeld, Barry M.

    2014-12-31

    At Ketzin, located west of Berlin, the GFZ German Centre for Geosciences is operating Europe's largest CO₂ research storage site. This pilot site has been developed since 2004 and is comprised of one combined injection/observation well and four monitoring wells. From June 2008 to August 2013, a total of 67 kilotons of CO₂ were safely injected into the sandstone units of the Upper Triassic Stuttgart Formation in a depth between 630 to 650 m. The paper discusses the well designs and lessons learned in drilling engineering and operations. The abandonment phase started in Ketzin with the first plug cementation of the observation well Ktzi 202 shortly after shut-in of CO₂ injection. The experience with the first CO₂ well killing operation will be reviewed.

  4. Effective deployment of photovoltaics in the Mediterranean countries: Balancing policy risk and return

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luethi, S.

    2010-06-15

    Although the Mediterranean region is blessed with abundant solar resources, photovoltaic energy currently represents a very small share of power production. In Germany however, a much less sunny country, the photovoltaic (PV) industry is booming. This country has become a front runner in the adoption of PV because of effective policy incentives. Based on a cross-case study analysis of the German, Spanish and Greek PV markets, this paper investigates factors determining the effectiveness of PV policies. Our analysis shows that, above a certain level of return, risk-related factors (such as policy instability and administrative hurdles) play a more important role in influencing investment decisions than return-related factors (such as the level of a feed-in tariff). (author)

  5. Summaries of physical research in the geosciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-10-01

    The Department of Energy supports research in the geosciences in order to provide a sound foundation of fundamental knowledge in those areas of the geosciences which are germane to the Department of Energy's many missions. The Division of Engineering and Geosciences, part of the Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the Office of Energy Research, supports the Geosciences Research Program. The participants in this program include Department of Energy laboratories, industry, universities, and other governmental agencies. The summaries in this document, prepared by the investigators, briefly describe the scope of the individual programs. The Geosciences Research Program includes research in geology, petrology, geophysics, geochemistry, solar physics, solar-terrestrial relationships, aeronomy, seismology, and natural resource modeling and analysis, including their various subdivisions and interdisciplinary areas. All such research is related either directly or indirectly to the Department of Energy's long-range technological needs.

  6. Detailed Studies of Hydrocarbon Radicals: C2H Dissociation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wittig, Curt

    2014-10-06

    A novel experimental technique was examined whose goal was the ejection of radical species into the gas phase from a platform (film) of cold non-reactive material. The underlying principle was one of photo-initiated heat release in a stratum that lies below a layer of CO2 or a layer of amorphous solid water (ASW) and CO2. A molecular precursor to the radical species of interest is deposited near or on the film's surface, where it can be photo-dissociated. It proved unfeasible to avoid the rampant formation of fissures, as opposed to large "flakes." This led to many interesting results, but resulted in our aborting the scheme as a means of launching cold C2H radical into the gas phase. A journal article resulted that is germane to astrophysics but not combustion chemistry.

  7. Effect of FeO-content and potentials for quality improvements of iron ore pellets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kortmann, H.A.; Mertins, E.; Ritz, V.J.

    1995-12-01

    The FeO-content strongly influences the physical and metallurgical properties of iron ore pellets. A wide range of FeO-contents within the pellet deliveries to the Germany market is evaluated. Investigations include the effect of pellet size. The paper concludes potentials for quality improvement of iron ore pellets. Most of the German blast furnaces are operated with high injection rates either of oil or of coal resulting in a decrease of coke consumption down to a level of about 300 kg/t hot metal. As the retention time of the burden increases, blast furnace operators demand higher quality burden material, basically with respect to strength before and during reduction.

  8. Drilling and abandonment preparation of CO₂ storage wells – Experience from the Ketzin pilot site

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Prevedel, Bernhard; Martens, Sonja; Norden, Ben; Henninges, Jan; Freifeld, Barry M.

    2014-12-31

    At Ketzin, located west of Berlin, the GFZ German Centre for Geosciences is operating Europe's largest CO₂ research storage site. This pilot site has been developed since 2004 and is comprised of one combined injection/observation well and four monitoring wells. From June 2008 to August 2013, a total of 67 kilotons of CO₂ were safely injected into the sandstone units of the Upper Triassic Stuttgart Formation in a depth between 630 to 650 m. The paper discusses the well designs and lessons learned in drilling engineering and operations. The abandonment phase started in Ketzin with the first plug cementation ofmore » the observation well Ktzi 202 shortly after shut-in of CO₂ injection. The experience with the first CO₂ well killing operation will be reviewed.« less

  9. LL/ILW: Post-Qualification of Old Waste through Non-Destructive Extraction of Barrels from Cement Shields - 13535

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oehmigen, Steffen; Ambos, Frank

    2013-07-01

    Currently there is a large number of radioactive waste drums entombed in cement shields at German nuclear power plants. These concrete containers used in the past for the waste are not approved for the final repository. Compliance with current acceptance criteria of the final repository has to be proven by qualification measures on the waste. To meet these criteria, a new declaration and new packing is necessary. A simple non-destructive extraction of about 2000 drums from their concrete shields is not possible. So different methods were tested to find a way of non-destructive extraction of old waste drums from cement shields and therefore reduce the final repository volume and final repository costs by using a container accepted and approved for Konrad. The main objective was to build a mobile system to offer this service to nuclear plant stations. (authors)

  10. Photoacoustic transformation of Bessel light beams in magnetoactive superlattices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mityurich, G. S.; Chernenok, E. V.; Sviridova, V. V.; Serdyukov, A. N.

    2015-03-15

    Photoacoustic transformation of the TE mode of a Bessel light beam (BLB) has been studied for piezoelectric detection in short-period superlattices formed by magnetoactive crystals of bismuth germanate (Bi{sub 12}GeO{sub 20}) and bismuth silicate (Bi{sub 12}SiO{sub 20}) types. It is shown that the resulting signal amplitude can be controlled using optical schemes of BLB formation with a tunable cone angle. A resonant increase in the signal amplitude has been found in the megahertz range of modulation frequencies and its dependences on the BLB modulation frequency, geometric sizes of the two-layer structure and piezoelectric transducer, radial coordinate of the polarization BLB mode, and dissipative superlattice parameters are analyzed.

  11. Fbis report. Science and technology: Economic review, September 19, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-09-19

    ;Partial Contents: Germany: Braunschweig University Tests Organic Semiconductors; France: Ariane-5 Tests Suspended; First Tests in Euro-Russian RECORD Rocket Engine Program; France: Renault`s Multi-Model Assembly Line Presented; Germany: New High Speed Trains Under Development; France: Matra Test Drone, Missile Systems; France: Experimental Project for Automobile Recycling; Germany: Survey of Flexible Manufacturing Developments; Germany: Heinrich Hertz Institute Produces Polymer-Based Circuit; French Firms Introduce Computerized Control Room for Nuclear Plants; German Machine Tool Industry Calls for Information Technology Projects; Germany: R&D Achievements in Digital HDTV Reported; Hungary: Secondary Telecommunications Networks Described; EU: Mergers in Pharmaceutical Industry Reported; SGS-Thomson Business Performance Analyzed; Germany`s Siemens Invest Heavily in UK Semiconductor Plant.

  12. FBIS report. Science and technology: Europe/International, March 29, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-03-29

    ;Partial Contents: Advanced Materials (EU Project to Improve Production in Metal Matrix Compounds Noted, Germany: Extremely Hard Carbon Coating Development, Italy: Director of CNR Metallic Materials Institute Interviewed); Aerospace (ESA Considers Delays, Reductions as Result of Budget Cuts, Italy: Space Agency`s Director on Restructuring, Future Plans); Automotive, Transportation (EU: Clean Diesel Engine Technology Research Reviewed); Biotechnology (Germany`s Problems, Successes in Biotechnology Discussed); Computers (EU Europort Parallel Computing Project Concluded, Italy: PQE 2000 Project on Massively Parallel Systems Viewed); Defense R&D (France: Future Tasks of `Brevel` Military Intelligence Drone Noted); Energy, Environment (German Scientist Tests Elimination of Phosphates); Advanced Manufacturing (France: Advanced Rapid Prototyping System Presented); Lasers, Sensors, Optics (France: Strategy of Cilas Laser Company Detailed); Microelectronics (France: Simulation Company to Develop Microelectronic Manufacturing Application); Nuclear R&D (France: Megajoule Laser Plan, Cooperation with Livermore Lab Noted); S&T Policy (EU Efforts to Aid Small Companies` Research Viewed); Telecommunications (France Telecom`s Way to Internet).

  13. Reduction of pumping energy losses in district heating and cooling systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zakin, J.L.

    1991-12-01

    This project was designed to explore the effects of different structures of cationic surfactant drag reducing additives on their efficiency and on their effective temperature ranges. The goal was to develop surfactant systems that would be useful in the appropriate temperature ranges for district heating systems (50--110{degree}C) and for district cooling systems (2--20{degree}C). To this end the chemical compositions of quaternary annonium salts and of counter-ions were varied. More than twenty different commercial or semi commercial quarterly ammonium salts from US suppliers and two from a German supplier (Hoechst) were tested along with thirty five different counter-ions. In addition, blends of several of each were also tested. A further object of this project was to check the compatibility of surfactant drag reducers with commercial or semi-commercial corrosion inhibitors in regard to maintaining their drag reducing ability and corrosion inhibiting capability.

  14. Reduction of pumping energy losses in district heating and cooling systems. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zakin, J.L.

    1991-12-01

    This project was designed to explore the effects of different structures of cationic surfactant drag reducing additives on their efficiency and on their effective temperature ranges. The goal was to develop surfactant systems that would be useful in the appropriate temperature ranges for district heating systems (50--110{degree}C) and for district cooling systems (2--20{degree}C). To this end the chemical compositions of quaternary annonium salts and of counter-ions were varied. More than twenty different commercial or semi commercial quarterly ammonium salts from US suppliers and two from a German supplier (Hoechst) were tested along with thirty five different counter-ions. In addition, blends of several of each were also tested. A further object of this project was to check the compatibility of surfactant drag reducers with commercial or semi-commercial corrosion inhibitors in regard to maintaining their drag reducing ability and corrosion inhibiting capability.

  15. Synthesis of silicon and germanium nanowires.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clement, Teresa J.; Hsu, Julia W. P.

    2007-11-01

    The vapor-liquid-solid growth process for synthesis of group-IV semiconducting nanowires using silane, germane, disilane and digermane precursor gases has been investigated. The nanowire growth process combines in situ gold seed formation by vapor deposition on atomically clean silicon (111) surfaces, in situ growth from the gaseous precursor(s), and real-time monitoring of nanowire growth as a function of temperature and pressure by a novel optical reflectometry technique. A significant dependence on precursor pressure and growth temperature for the synthesis of silicon and germanium nanowires is observed, depending on the stability of the specific precursor used. Also, the presence of a nucleation time for the onset of nanowire growth has been found using our new in situ optical reflectometry technique.

  16. The effect of back scatter radiation on surface dose as measured by TLDs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boguslavsky, R.; Gmuer, N.; Thomlinson, W.

    1991-12-01

    A group of scientists at HASYLAB in Germany are doing an Angiography project in parallel with a group of scientists at the Brookhaven National, National Synchrotron Light Source. In order to determine the X-ray dose to a patient, the German group places lithium fluoride thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) on the front (upstream) surface of their patient. The found that the TLD dose was higher than the dose calculated from an ionization chamber. An ionization chamber is a device that counts the number of photons when a beam of synchrotron radiation passes through Dr. Wolf-Rainer Dix of HASYLAB found that there is a difference of about 15% between dose data from TLDs put on a water tub and TLDs in the air. The goal of the experiment we did was to understand and maybe match the dose numbers Dix obtained.

  17. Spectroscopic measurements of Rosseland mean opacity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Springer, P.T.; Fields, D.F.; Wilson, B.G.

    1992-11-01

    The first quantitative measurement of photoabsorption in the region determining Rosseland and Planck mean opacity, is obtained for an x-ray heated iron plasma, using novel techniques and instrumentation. The plasma density of 0.0113 {plus_minus} 0.0013 g/cc and temperature of 59 {plus_minus} 3 eV are accurately constrained experimentally by imaging plasma expansion and observing and modeling absorption in sodium dopant ions. The measured iron absorption spectrum is compared with several newly developed opacity models. The data constrains Rosseland and Planck group means with of order 15 percent precision. This is the first quantitative experimental certification of opacity models germane to radiative transfer in LTE plasmas.

  18. Feed-in Tariff Policy: Design, Implementation, and RPS Policy Interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cory, K.; Couture, T.; Kreycik, C.

    2009-03-01

    Feed-in tariff (FIT) policies are implemented in more than 40 countries around the world and are cited as the primary reason for the success of the German and Spanish renewable energy markets. As a result of that success, FIT policy proposals are starting to gain traction in several U.S. states and municipalities. Experience from Europe is also beginning to demonstrate that properly designed FITs may be more cost-effective than renewable portfolio standards (RPS), which make use of competitive solicitations. This article explores the design and operation of feed-in tariff policies, including a FIT policy definition, payment-structure options, and payment differentiation. The article also touches on the potential interactions between FIT policies and RPS policies at the state level.

  19. Summaries of FY 1993 geosciences research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    The Department of Energy supports research in the geosciences in order to provide a sound foundation of fundamental knowledge in those areas of the geosciences that are germane to the DOE`s many missions. The Geosciences Research Program is supported by the Office of Energy Research. The participants in this program include DOE laboratories, academic institutions, and other governmental agencies. These activities are formalized by a contract or grant between the DOE and the organization performing the work, providing funds for salaries, equipment, research materials, and overhead. The summaries in this document, prepared by the investigators, describe the scope of the individual programs. The Geosciences Research Program includes research in geophysics, geochemistry, resource evaluation, solar-terrestrial interactions, and their subdivisions including earth dynamics, properties of earth materials, rock mechanics, underground imaging, rock-fluid interactions, continental scientific drilling, geochemical transport, solar-atmospheric physics, and modeling, with emphasis on the interdisciplinary areas.

  20. Progress in reliability of fast reactor operation and new trends to increased inherent safety

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merk, Bruno; Stanculescu, Alexander; Chellapandi, Perumal; Hill, Robert

    2015-06-01

    The reasons for the renewed interest in fast reactors and an overview of the progress in sodium cooled fast reactor operation in the last ten years are given. The excellent operational performance of sodium cooled fast reactors in this period is highlighted as a sound basis for the development of new fast reactors. The operational performance of the BN-600 is compared and evaluated against the performance of German light water reactors to assess the reliability. The relevance of feedback effects for safe reactor design is described, and a new method for the enhancement of feedback effects in fast reactors is proposed. Experimental reactors demonstrating the inherent safety of advanced sodium cooled fast reactor designs are described and the potential safety improvements resulting from the use of fine distributed moderating material are discussed.

  1. EPRI/B and W cooperative program on PWR fuel-rod performance. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Papazoglou, T.P.; Davis, H.H.

    1983-03-01

    Zircaloy-4 fuel cladding specimens were irradiated in a fueled and non-fueled condition for two and four cyles of irradiation, respectively, in the Oconee 2 reactor. The purpose of this long-term surveillance program was to study the in-reactor performance of four Zircaloy-4 cladding types with distinctly different properties, in combination with two types of UO/sub 2/ fuel pellets. The cladding types included Sandvik Special Metals tubing in the cold-worked/stress relieved and cold-worked/recrystallized conditions, and German VDM cladding with two different anneal temperatures. The fuel pellets included a conventional densifying pellet type, and a special (shorter) stable pellet type intended to reduce pellet-clad mechanical interaction. The irradiation growth and creep under compressive stress of the above cladding types were studied and followed up to fluences of 1.3 x 10/sup 22/ n/cm/sup 2/ (E > 0.1 MeV).

  2. New recycling plant accepts and converts co-mingled plastic trash

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-06-01

    The plant, owned and operated by Innovative Plastic Products Inc. (IPPI), uses a new patented German process to convert co-mingled plastic trash, including impurities like wood, papers, and metal, into a plastic alloy that is immediately molded into finished product. The products currently being produced by IPPI's facility in Greensboro, Ga., are: flat sheets in various thickness called InnoPlast GP(tm); a modular drainage trough called InnoDain(tm); pallets, dollies, industrial floor tile, and cable spools. Ken Carrier, vice president of Marketing, says that by year end the plant should reach an operating capacity of about 1 million pounds per month of finished product from the recycled plastic waste.

  3. The Transient Regeneration in the Patchy Cleaning of Rigid Gas Filters--Comparison of Modeling to Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferer, M.V.; Dittler, A.; Kasper, G.; Smith, D.H.

    2002-09-19

    The experimental investigations performed within the scope of the present contribution are carried out in a lab scale filter test rig, which is built according to German VDI guideline 3926. The filter coupon (15 cm diameter) under investigation is mounted parallel to the crude gas channel which enables cross flow filtration as experienced in filter housings. Besides the photometric concentration monitor and the control device, an optical measuring system is mounted on the filter test rig opposite the filter coupon. This measuring system enables the full-field in situ measurement of the dust cake height distribution on the surface of the filter medium. From these measurements, we obtain the overall frequency of regeneration as well as the local frequencies of regeneration and the patch size distribution, as discussed later. In addition, we investigate the influence of the regeneration behavior on the filtration performance (time dependence of filtration cycle times and residual pressure drop) of the filter medium.

  4. Associated particle technique in single-sided geometry for detection of explosives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy, Tushar Kashyap, Yogesh; Shukla, Mayank; Agrawal, Ashish; Bajpai, Shefali; Patel, Tarun; Sinha, Amar

    2015-03-23

    Associated particle technique (APT) for detection of explosives is well established but has been implemented mostly for fixed portal systems. In certain situations, a portable system is required where the suspect object cannot be moved from site. This paper discusses the development of a portable APT system in single-sided geometry which can be transported to site and requires only one-sided access to the object. The system comprised D-T neutron source and bismuth germanate (BGO) detectors fixed on a portable module. Different aspects of the system have been discussed such as background contribution, time selection, and elemental signatures. The system was used to detect benign samples and explosive simulants under laboratory condition. The elemental ratios obtained by analyzing the gamma spectra show good match with the theoretical ratios.

  5. Design and Optimization of Photovoltaics Recycling Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, J.K.; Fthenakis, V.

    2010-10-01

    With the growing production and installation of photovoltaics (PV) around the world constrained by the limited availability of resources, end-of-life management of PV is becoming very important. A few major PV manufacturers currently are operating several PV recycling technologies at the process level. The management of the total recycling infrastructure, including reverse-logistics planning, is being started in Europe. In this paper, we overview the current status of photovoltaics recycling planning and discuss our mathematic modeling of the economic feasibility and the environmental viability of several PV recycling infrastructure scenarios in Germany; our findings suggest the optimum locations of the anticipated PV take-back centers. Short-term 5-10 year planning for PV manufacturing scraps is the focus of this article. Although we discuss the German situation, we expect the generic model will be applicable to any region, such as the whole of Europe and the United States.

  6. East Germany struggles to clean its air and water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cherfas, J.

    1990-04-20

    East Germans are working hard on a strategy to improve their polluted environment. Industrial plants are largely responsible for this pollution. A shroud of haze veils the suburbs of East Berlin. Far to the south the giant power plants around Leipzig pour more dust and sulfur dioxide into the air than in any other country in Europe. More than 90% of the country's electricity comes from brown coal, accompanied by prodigious quantities of dust and sulfur dioxide: almost 6 million tones of sulfur dioxide and more than 2 million tones of dust in 1988. East Germany enjoys some of the cheapest energy in the world, and the world's third highest energy consumption per capita, behind the United States, and Canada. Naturally, is also suffers air quality and health problems. The country is trying to cut down on consumption and clean up on generation. Actually, water quality is the number one priority, which unlike air is in very short supply.

  7. XOA: Web-Enabled Cross-Ontological Analytics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riensche, Roderick M.; Baddeley, Bob; Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Posse, Christian; Gopalan, Banu

    2007-07-09

    The paper being submitted (as an "extended abstract" prior to conference acceptance) provides a technical description of our proof-of-concept prototype for the XOA method. Abstract: To address meaningful questions, scientists need to relate information across diverse classification schemes such as ontologies, terminologies and thesauri. These resources typically address a single knowledge domain at a time and are not cross-indexed. Information that is germane to the same object may therefore remain unlinked with consequent loss of knowledge discovery across disciplines and even sub-domains of the same discipline. We propose to address these problems by fostering semantic interoperability through the development of ontology alignment web services capable of enabling cross-scale knowledge discovery, and demonstrate a specific application of such an approach to the biomedical domain.

  8. Pixelsex or Cosmic Revelation ? how art & science can meet in public space

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Tim Otto Roth is known for his large projects in public space linking art & science. In his presentation the German artist and media theorist demonstrates some of his latest projects - among others Cosmic Revelation which changed the KASCADE detector field for cosmic rays at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology into a giant flashing light field. The Pixelsex project leads him to the question if the universe might be digital. In occasion of his one week residency at CERN Tim Otto Roth explores the material culture of particle physics and its ways of finding pictorial representations. Above all he is interested in methods like the Monte Carlo simulation, but also in CERN as giant collaborative institution and consequently as birthplace for the World Wide Web.

  9. Summary of FY15 results of benchmark modeling activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arguello, J. Guadalupe

    2015-08-01

    Sandia is participating in the third phase of an is a contributing partner to a U.S.-German "Joint Project" entitled "Comparison of current constitutive models and simulation procedures on the basis of model calculations of the thermo-mechanical behavior and healing of rock salt." The first goal of the project is to check the ability of numerical modeling tools to correctly describe the relevant deformation phenomena in rock salt under various influences. Achieving this goal will lead to increased confidence in the results of numerical simulations related to the secure storage of radioactive wastes in rock salt, thereby enhancing the acceptance of the results. These results may ultimately be used to make various assertions regarding both the stability analysis of an underground repository in salt, during the operating phase, and the long-term integrity of the geological barrier against the release of harmful substances into the biosphere, in the post-operating phase.

  10. A Ten Step Protocol and Plan for CCS Site Characterization, Based on an Analysis of the Rocky Mountain Region, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McPherson, Brian; Matthews, Vince

    2013-09-15

    This report expresses a Ten-Step Protocol for CO2 Storage Site Characterization, the final outcome of an extensive Site Characterization analysis of the Rocky Mountain region, USA. These ten steps include: (1) regional assessment and data gathering; (2) identification and analysis of appropriate local sites for characterization; (3) public engagement; (4) geologic and geophysical analysis of local site(s); (5) stratigraphic well drilling and coring; (6) core analysis and interpretation with other data; (7) database assembly and static model development; (8) storage capacity assessment; (9) simulation and uncertainty assessment; (10) risk assessment. While the results detailed here are primarily germane to the Rocky Mountain region, the intent of this protocol is to be portable or generally applicable for CO2 storage site characterization.

  11. HLW Return from France to Germany - 15 Years of Experience in Public Acceptance and Technical Aspects - 12149

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graf, Wilhelm

    2012-07-01

    Since in 1984 the national reprocessing concept was abandoned the reprocessing abroad was the only existing disposal route until 1994. With the amendment of the Atomic Energy Act in 2001 spent fuel management changed completely since from 1 June 2005 any delivery of spent fuel to reprocessing plants was prohibited and the direct disposal of spent fuel became mandatory. Until 2005 the total amount of spent fuel to be reprocessed abroad added up to 6080 t HM, 5309 t HM thereof in France. The waste generated from reprocessing - alternatively an equivalent amount of radioactive material - has to be returned to the country of origin according to the commercial contracts signed between the German utilities and COGEMA, now AREVA NC, in France and BNFL, now INS in UK. In addition the German and the French government exchanged notes with the obligation of both sides to enable and support the return of reprocessing residues or equivalents to Germany. The return of high active vitrified waste from La Hague to the interim storage facility at Gorleben was demanding from the technical view i. e. the cask design and the transport. Unfortunately the Gorleben area served as a target for nuclear opponents from the first transport in 1996 to the latest one in 2011. The protection against sabotage of the railway lines and mass protests needed highly improved security measures. In France and Germany special working forces and projects have been set up to cope with this extraordinary situation. A complex transport organization was established to involve all parties in line with the German and French requirements during transport. The last transport of vitrified residues from France has been completed successfully so far thus confirming the efficiency of the applied measures. Over 15 years there was and still is worldwide no comparable situation it is still unique. Summing up, the exceptional project handling challenge that resulted from the continuous anti-nuclear civil disobedience in Germany over the whole 15-year long project running time could be faced efficiently. It has to be concluded that despite of all problems the anti-nuclear activities have caused so far, all transports of vitrified HLW have always been completed successfully by adapting the commonly established safety, security and public acceptance measures to the special conditions and needs in Germany and coordinating the activities of all parties involved but at the expense of high costs for industry and government and a challenging operational complexity. Apart from an anticipatory project planning a good communication between all involved industrial parties and the French and the German government was the key to the effective management of such shipments and to minimize the radiological, economic, environmental, public and political impact. The future will show how efficiently the gained experience can be used for further return projects which are to be realized since no reprocessed waste has yet been returned from UK and neither the medium-level nor the low-level radioactive waste has been transferred from France to Germany. (author)

  12. The U.S. Army`s environmental compliance assessment in Germany, a case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlessman, D.C.

    1995-12-01

    The U.S. Army, Europe (USAREUR) in 1995 is initiating the Army-wide program of assessing environmental compliance at each of its installations. The first assessment was done in Germany in January and is the basis of this study. These assessments are the conerstone of USAREUR`s compliance standards: air emissions, drinking and waste water standards, environmental noise, radon, asbestos, underground storage tanks, hazardous material and petroleum management, and pesticides. Also covered are areas of waste management to include solid, hazardous, and medical wastes and special requirements for handling and disposal of polychlorinated bi- & terphenyls. In addition policy and other science areas are checked. These include environmental program management, environmental effects analysis, endangered species and natural resource protection, and historical and cultural resource preservation. The ECAS`s breadth of medias assessed gives a comprehensive look at the environmental posture of an installation. One of the two manuals used in each assessment is based on the Department of Defense (DOD) environmental final governing standards (FGS). Each overseas country that has a substantial DOD long-term presence has a FGS. The FGS is developed by a DOD appointed executive agent. He compared the DOD baseline of environmental standards (based on U.S. law and DOD policy) and the HN`s environmental standards. From this comparison the standard that is most protective of human health and the environment is selected as the FGS. In Germany, the FGS, and thus the ECAS manual are substantially based on the German standards. This is due tot he well developed environmental standards found in Germany. This study provides the first look at the USAREUR ECAS process and the major changes required in a USAREUR community`s environmental compliance posture to meet the German FGS. The January Anbach ECAS is the first time a community in USAREUR was assessed using the fully operational ECAS.

  13. Chemical System Decontamination at PWR Power Stations Biblis A and B by Advanced System Decontamination by Oxidizing Chemistry (ASDOC-D) Process Technology - 13081

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loeb, Andreas; Runge, Hartmut; Stanke, Dieter; Bertholdt, Horst-Otto; Adams, Andreas; Impertro, Michael; Roesch, Josef

    2013-07-01

    For chemical decontamination of PWR primary systems the so called ASDOC-D process has been developed and qualified at the German PWR power station Biblis. In comparison to other chemical decontamination processes ASDOC-D offers a number of advantages: - ASDOC-D does not require separate process equipment but is completely operated and controlled by the nuclear site installations. Feeding of chemical concentrates into the primary system is done by means of the site's dosing systems. Process control is performed by standard site instrumentation and analytics. - ASDOC-D safely prevents any formation and precipitation of insoluble constituents - Since ASDOC-D is operated without external equipment there is no need for installation of such equipment in high radioactive radiation surrounding. The radioactive exposure rate during process implementation and process performance may therefore be neglected in comparison to other chemical decontamination processes. - ASDOC-D does not require auxiliary hose connections which usually bear high leakage risk. The above mentioned technical advantages of ASDOC-D together with its cost-effectiveness gave rise to Biblis Power station to agree on testing ASDOC-D at the volume control system of PWR Biblis unit A. By involving the licensing authorities as well as expert examiners into this test ASDOC-D received the official qualification for primary system decontamination in German PWR. As a main outcome of the achieved results NIS received contracts for full primary system decontamination of both units Biblis A and B (each 1.200 MW) by end of 2012. (authors)

  14. Satellite-based snow identification and its impact on monitoring photovoltaic systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wirth, Georg; Zehner, Mike; Becker, Gerd [University of Applied Sciences - Munich, Department of Electrical Engineering, Solar Technology Laboratory, Lothstrasse. 64, 80323 Munich (Germany); Schroedter-Homscheidt, Marion [German Aerospace Center (DLR), German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD), Oberpfaffenhofen, P.O. Box 1116, 82234 Wessling (Germany)

    2010-02-15

    Earth observation allows the separation of snow cover and cloudiness using multispectral measurements. Several satellite-based snow monitoring services are available, ranging from regional to world-wide scales. Using these data enables photovoltaic (PV) plant management to differentiate between failures due to snow coverage on a PV system and other error sources. Additionally, yield estimates for solar siting are improved. This paper presents a validation study from January to April 2006 comparing satellite-based datasets with ground measurements from German and Swiss meteorological stations. A false alarm rate, an error due to irradiance underestimation, the availability of daily data, and the classification accuracy are introduced as quality metrics. Compared to Switzerland, generally a higher accuracy is found in all datasets for Southern Germany. The most significant difference among the datasets is found in the error pattern shifting from too much snow (which results in an error due to underestimation of irradiance) to too little snow detection, causing a false alarm in PV monitoring. Overall, the data records of the Land Surface Analysis Satellite Application Facility (LSA SAF), the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the Interactive Multisensor Snow and Ice Mapping System (IMS) are found to be most suitable for solar energy purposes. The IMS dataset has a low false alarm rate (4%) and a good data availability (100%) making it a good choice for power plant monitoring, but the error due to underestimation relevant in site auditing is large with 59%. If a cumulative snow cover algorithm is applied to achieve information every day as needed both for power plant monitoring and site auditing, both the DLR and the LSA SAF datasets are comparable with classification accuracies of 70%, false alarm rates of 37% and 34%, respectively, and errors due to irradiance underestimation in 26% and 27% of all coincidences. (author)

  15. FY15 Report on Thermomechanical Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, Francis D.; Buchholz, Stuart

    2015-08-01

    Sandia is participating in the third phase of a United States (US)-German Joint Project that compares constitutive models and simulation procedures on the basis of model calculations of the thermomechanical behavior and healing of rock salt (Salzer et al. 2015). The first goal of the project is to evaluate the ability of numerical modeling tools to correctly describe the relevant deformation phenomena in rock salt under various influences. Among the numerical modeling tools required to address this are constitutive models that are used in computer simulations for the description of the thermal, mechanical, and hydraulic behavior of the host rock under various influences and for the long-term prediction of this behavior. Achieving this goal will lead to increased confidence in the results of numerical simulations related to the secure disposal of radioactive wastes in rock salt. Results of the Joint Project may ultimately be used to make various assertions regarding stability analysis of an underground repository in salt during the operating phase as well as long-term integrity of the geological barrier in the post-operating phase A primary evaluation of constitutive model capabilities comes by way of predicting large-scale field tests. The Joint Project partners decided to model Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Rooms B & D which are full-scale rooms having the same dimensions. Room D deformed under natural, ambient conditions while Room B was thermally driven by an array of waste-simulating heaters (Munson et al. 1988; 1990). Existing laboratory test data for WIPP salt were carefully scrutinized and the partners decided that additional testing would be needed to help evaluate advanced features of the constitutive models. The German partners performed over 140 laboratory tests on WIPP salt at no charge to the US Department of Energy (DOE).

  16. New Design for an HLW Repository (for Spent Fuel and Waste from Reprocessing) in a Salt Formation in Germany - 12213

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bollingerfehr, Wilhelm; Filbert, Wolfgang; Lerch, Christian; Mueller-Hoeppe, Nina; Charlier, Frank

    2012-07-01

    In autumn 2010, after a 10-year moratorium, exploration was resumed in Gorleben, the potential site for a German HLW repository. At the same time, the Federal Government launched a two-year preliminary safety analysis to assess whether the salt dome at Gorleben is suitable to host all heat-generating radioactive waste generated by German NPPs based on the waste amounts expected at that time. The revised Atomic Energy Act of June 2011 now stipulates a gradual phase-out of nuclear energy production by 2022, which is 13 years earlier than expected in 2010. A repository design was developed which took into account an updated set of data on the amounts and types of expected heat-generating waste, the documented results of the exploration of the Gorleben salt dome, and the new 'Safety Requirements Governing the Final Disposal of Heat-Generating Radioactive Waste' of 30 September, 2010. The latter has a strong influence on the conceptual designs as it requires that retrievability of all waste containers is possible within the repository lifetime. One design considered that all waste containers will be disposed of in horizontal drifts of a geologic repository, while the other design considered that all waste containers will be disposed of in deep vertical boreholes. For both options (emplacement in drifts/emplacement in vertical boreholes), the respective design includes a selection of waste containers, the layout of drifts, respectively lined boreholes, a description of emplacement fields, and backfilling and sealing measures. The design results were described and displayed and the differences between the two main concepts were elaborated and discussed. For the first time in both repository designs the requirement was implemented to retrieve waste canisters during the operational phase. The measures to fulfill this requirement and eventually the consequences were highlighted. It was pointed out that there arises the need to keep transport- and storage casks in adequate numbers and interim storage facilities available until the repository is closed. (authors)

  17. Results from the DOE Advanced Gas Reactor Fuel Development and Qualification Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Petti

    2014-06-01

    Modular HTGR designs were developed to provide natural safety, which prevents core damage under all design basis accidents and presently envisioned severe accidents. The principle that guides their design concepts is to passively maintain core temperatures below fission product release thresholds under all accident scenarios. This level of fuel performance and fission product retention reduces the radioactive source term by many orders of magnitude and allows potential elimination of the need for evacuation and sheltering beyond a small exclusion area. This level, however, is predicated on exceptionally high fuel fabrication quality and performance under normal operation and accident conditions. Germany produced and demonstrated high quality fuel for their pebble bed HTGRs in the 1980s, but no U.S. manufactured fuel had exhibited equivalent performance prior to the Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) Fuel Development and Qualification Program. The design goal of the modular HTGRs is to allow elimination of an exclusion zone and an emergency planning zone outside the plant boundary fence, typically interpreted as being about 400 meters from the reactor. To achieve this, the reactor design concepts require a level of fuel integrity that is better than that claimed for all prior US manufactured TRISO fuel, by a few orders of magnitude. The improved performance level is about a factor of three better than qualified for German TRISO fuel in the 1980’s. At the start of the AGR program, without a reactor design concept selected, the AGR fuel program selected to qualify fuel to an operating envelope that would bound both pebble bed and prismatic options. This resulted in needing a fuel form that could survive at peak fuel temperatures of 1250°C on a time-averaged basis and high burnups in the range of 150 to 200 GWd/MTHM (metric tons of heavy metal) or 16.4 to 21.8% fissions per initial metal atom (FIMA). Although Germany has demonstrated excellent performance of TRISO-coated UO2 particle fuel up to about 10% FIMA and 1150°C, UO2 fuel is known to have limitations because of CO formation and kernel migration at the high burnups, power densities, temperatures, and temperature gradients that may be encountered in the prismatic modular HTGRs. With uranium oxycarbide (UCO) fuel, the kernel composition is engineered to prevent CO formation and kernel migration, which are key threats to fuel integrity at higher burnups, temperatures, and temperature gradients. Furthermore, the recent poor fuel performance of UO2 TRISO fuel pebbles measured in Chinese irradiation testing in Russia and in German pebbles irradiated at 1250°C, and historic data on poorer fuel performance in safety testing of German pebbles that experienced burnups in excess of 10% FIMA [1] have each raised concern about the use of UO2 TRISO above 10% FIMA and 1150°C and the degree of margin available in the fuel system. This continues to be an active area of study internationally.

  18. Towards breaking the silence between the two cultures: Engineering and the other humanities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prausnitz, John M.

    2003-01-01

    Over the years, I have attended numerous meetings like this one at the Center for the Study of Higher Education. I have noticed that most of the attendees, and certainly the speakers, tend to come from the social sciences or humanities. Only rarely do I see anyone here from Berkeley's College of Chemistry or College of Engineering. I come from the College of Chemistry that includes Berkeley's Department of Chemical Engineering. I mention this background to indicate that my remarks here are necessarily less abstract, less theoretical and less philosophical than those of most previous seminar speakers. My remarks are probably somewhat simplistic because, as a result of my engineering background, I tend to focus less on generalities and principles, giving more attention to possible solutions of limited practical problems. About seven weeks ago, I was invited to attend a conference sponsored by the Berlin Academy of Sciences where ''Sciences'' is not confined to natural sciences but includes also humanities and social sciences. The topic of the Conference was ''Sprachlosigkeit'', a German word that roughly translated means inability to speak. The subtitle was ''Silence Between the Disciplines''. The German universities are worried about the increasing gulf between what is often called ''the two cultures''. This gulf is a problem everywhere, including Berkeley, but it is my impression that it is much worse in Europe than in America. The International Conference in Berlin was attended by some big names including the presidents of the Humboldt University in Berlin, the University of Uppsala in Sweden and the Central European University of Budapest, as well as some distinguished academics from a variety of institutions including Harvard and Stanford, and the presidents of three major funding organizations: The Volkswagen Foundation, The German National Science Foundation and the Max Planck Society. The speakers were primarily from the humanities and social sciences but there also were two physicists, two biologists and one mathematician. I was the only speaker from Engineering. Following Karl Pister's generous invitation to present a seminar here, I would like to tell you in a severely revised form some of what I tried to say at the Conference in Berlin. When talking to colleagues in the Humanities and Social Sciences, one of my most difficult tasks is to persuade them that those who practice science and engineering are not confined to cold logic and bloodless experiments but that instead, science and engineering is a human enterprise, subject to all the paradoxes, inconsistencies and aesthetic judgments that characterize the human condition. When scientists and engineers are at their best, they suffer the same frustrations, self-doubt, and delights common to artists or novelists or literary critics, or to anyone who creates to extend knowledge and awareness. Like all other members of a university, scientists and engineers strive to make a better world; in participating in this common activity, they necessarily operate within the borders set by our common human nature. I stress this common activity and this common purpose because ultimately, it is this commonality that provides the only sound basis for overcoming the alienation, this Sprachlosigkeit, that under another name, is known as the silence between the cultures. I can best illustrate what I have just tried to say with a quotation and a cartoon. The quotation is a famous one, from Theodor Adorno: ''The most successful artistic creations are those that are lucky at their most dubious places''. Adorno was referring to painting, sculpture, literature and especially to music. However, what he said also holds for science and engineering. All students of history know that without occasional miracles, there would be little progress. Along with all the other humanities, sciences and engineering could not succeed without them. I would like to discuss three topics and again, I want to apologize for my simplistic views. (1) Two structural reasons that contribute to poor communicatio

  19. Report on the TESLA Engineering Study/Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cornuelle, John C.

    2002-08-30

    In March, 2001, the TESLA Collaboration published its Technical Design Report (TDR, see references and links in Appendix), the first sentence of which stated ''...TESLA (TeV-Energy Superconducting Linear Collider) (will be) a superconducting electron-positron collider of initially 500 GeV total energy, extendable to 800 GeV, and an integrated X-ray laser laboratory.'' The TDR included cost and manpower estimates for a 500 GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} collider (250 on 250 GeV) based on superconducting RF cavity technology. This was submitted as a proposal to the German government. The government asked the German Science Council to evaluate this proposal. The recommendation from this body is anticipated to be available by November 2002. The government has indicated that it will react on this recommendation by mid-2003. In June 2001, Steve Holmes, Fermilab's Associate Director for Accelerators, commissioned Helen Edwards and Peter Garbincius to organize a study of the TESLA Technical Design Report and the associated cost and manpower estimates. Since the elements and methodology used in producing the TESLA cost estimate were somewhat different from those used in preparing similar estimates for projects within the U.S., it is important to understand the similarities, differences, and equivalences between the TESLA estimate and U.S. cost estimates. In particular, the project cost estimate includes only purchased equipment, materials, and services, but not manpower from DESY or other TESLA collaborating institutions, which is listed separately. It does not include the R&D on the TESLA Test Facility (TTF) nor the costs of preparing the TDR nor the costs of performing the conceptual studies so far. The manpower for the pre-operations commissioning program (up to beam) is included in the estimate, but not the electrical power or liquid Nitrogen (for initial cooldown of the cryogenics plant). There is no inclusion of any contingency or management reserve. If the U.S. were to become involved with the TESLA project, either as a collaborator for an LC in Germany, or as host country for TESLA in the U.S., it is important to begin to understand the scope and technical details of the project, what R&D still needs to be done, and how the U.S. can contribute. The charge for this study is included in the Appendix to this report.

  20. Implementation of Treatment Systems for Low and Intermediate Radioactive Waste at Site Radwaste Treatment Facility (SRTF), PR China - 12556

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lohmann, Peter; Nasarek, Ralph; Aign, Joerg

    2012-07-01

    The AP1000 reactors being built in the People's Republic of China require a waste treatment facility to process the low and intermediate radioactive waste produced by these nuclear power stations. Westinghouse Electric Germany GmbH was successful in being awarded a contract as to the planning, delivery and commissioning of such a waste treatment facility. The Site Radwaste Treatment Facility (SRTF) is a waste treatment facility that can meet the AP1000 requirements and it will become operational in the near future. The SRTF is situated at the location of Sanmen, People's Republic of China, next to one of the AP1000 and is an adherent building to the AP1000 comprising different waste treatment processes for radioactive spent filter cartridges, ion-exchange resins and radioactive liquid and solid waste. The final product of the SRTF-treatment is a 200 l drum with cemented waste or grouted waste packages for storage in a local storage facility. The systems used in the SRTF are developed for these special requirements, based on experience from similar systems in the German nuclear industry. The main waste treatment systems in the SRTF are: - Filter Cartridge Processing System (FCS); - HVAC-Filter and Solid Waste Treatment Systems (HVS); - Chemical Liquid Treatment Systems (CTS); - Spent Resin Processing Systems (RES); - Mobile Treatment System (MBS). (authors)