Sample records for geostationary weather satellites

  1. Data management of geostationary communication satellite telemetry and correlation to space weather observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lohmeyer, Whitney Quinne

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To understand and mitigate the effects of space weather on the performance of geostationary communications satellites, we analyze sixteen years of archived telemetry data from Inmarsat, the UK-based telecommunications ...

  2. AVIATION UTILIZATION OF GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITES FOR THE AUGMENTATION TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    currently under development by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). WAAS will provide correctionsAVIATION UTILIZATION OF GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITES FOR THE AUGMENTATION TO GPS: RANGING AND DATA LINK to aviation users for the GPS clock, its ephemeris, and for the delay in its signal as it passes through

  3. Time series modeling and large scale global solar radiation forecasting from geostationary satellites data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Time series modeling and large scale global solar radiation forecasting from geostationary global solar radiation. In this paper, we use geostationary satellites data to generate 2-D time series of solar radiation for the next hour. The results presented in this paper relate to a particular territory

  4. Workshop on Satellites for Solar Energy Resource Information -Washington, DC, April 10-11, 1996 POTENTIALS OF IMAGES FROM GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE DATA FOR THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Workshop on Satellites for Solar Energy Resource Information - Washington, DC, April 10-11, 1996 POTENTIALS OF IMAGES FROM GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE DATA FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF SOLAR ENERGY PARAMETERS Lucien Author manuscript, published in "Workshop `satellites for solar energy resource information', Washington

  5. Ozone air quality measurement requirements for a geostationary satellite mission Peter Zoogman a,*, Daniel J. Jacob a,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chance, Kelly

    Ozone air quality measurement requirements for a geostationary satellite mission Peter Zoogman a Accepted 23 May 2011 Keywords: Air quality Ozone Kalman filter Assimilation Remote sensing a b s t r a c satellite measurements of ozone in different spectral regions to constrain surface ozone concentrations

  6. Time series modeling and large scale global solar radiation forecasting from geostationary satellites data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voyant, Cyril; Muselli, Marc; Paoli, Christophe; Nivet, Marie Laure

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When a territory is poorly instrumented, geostationary satellites data can be useful to predict global solar radiation. In this paper, we use geostationary satellites data to generate 2-D time series of solar radiation for the next hour. The results presented in this paper relate to a particular territory, the Corsica Island, but as data used are available for the entire surface of the globe, our method can be easily exploited to another place. Indeed 2-D hourly time series are extracted from the HelioClim-3 surface solar irradiation database treated by the Heliosat-2 model. Each point of the map have been used as training data and inputs of artificial neural networks (ANN) and as inputs for two persistence models (scaled or not). Comparisons between these models and clear sky estimations were proceeded to evaluate the performances. We found a normalized root mean square error (nRMSE) close to 16.5% for the two best predictors (scaled persistence and ANN) equivalent to 35-45% related to ground measurements. F...

  7. Development of precipitation retrievals at millimeter and sub-millimeter wavelengths for geostationary satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaboureau, Jean-Pierre

    for precipitation retrieval from geostationary sensors based on mesoscale cloud modeling and radiative transfer resolution problem from a geostationary orbit. Adding the thermal infrared observations has a limited impact rain and the other hydrometeor profiles. These theoretical results are evaluated at close

  8. Digital meteorological radar data compared with digital infrared data from a geostationary meteorological satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Rodney Stuart

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. DEDICATION . iv vi TABLE OF CONTENTS . vii LIST OF TABLES. IX LIST OF FIGURES . LIST OF ACRONYMS CHAPTER xii I. INTRODUCTION 1. The Need for This Investigation 2. Present Status of Research Relating... to This Investigation 3. Objectives of the Investigation 4. Techniques and Scope of the Investigation. II. METEOROLOGICAL RADAR DATA . 10 1. Basic Radar Theory . 2. Earth Curvature Correction . 3. The TAMU Weather Radar System. 4. Data Reduction and Display 10...

  9. 0.5-4 Å X-RAY BRIGHTENINGS IN THE MAGNETOSPHERE OBSERVED BY THE GEOSTATIONARY OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamamoto, Tetsuya T.; Miyoshi, Y., E-mail: tyamamot@stelab.nagoya-u.ac.jp [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Aichi (Japan)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We found 217 X-ray brightening events in Earth's magnetosphere. These events occur in the high-energy band (0.5-4 Å) of the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) X-ray light curves, although GOES X-ray light curves are frequently used as indices of solar flare magnitudes. We found that (1) brightening events are absent in the low-energy band (1-8 Å), unlike those associated with solar flares; and (2) the peak fluxes, durations, and onset times of these events depend on the magnetic local time (MLT). The events were detected in 2006, 2010, and 2011 at around 19-10 MLT, that is, from night to morning. They typically lasted for 2-3 hr. Their peak fluxes are less than 3 × 10{sup –8} W m{sup –2} in the 0.5-4 Å band and are maximized around 0-5 MLT. From these MLT dependencies, we constructed an MLT time profile of X-ray brightening events. Because 0.5-4 and 1-8 Å fluxes were observed and had the same order of magnitude when GOES 14 passed through Earth's shadow, we expected that X-ray brightening events in the 1-8 Å band are obscured by high-background X-ray fluxes coming from the Sun. We also found coincidence between X-ray brightening events and aurora substorms. In the majority of our events, the minimum geomagnetic field values (AL index) are below –400 nT. From these results and consideration of the GOES satellite orbit, we expect that these X-ray brightening events occur in the magnetosphere. We cannot, however, clarify the radiative process of the observed X-ray brightening events.

  10. Weather

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Weather Weather We provide access to the latest meteorological observations, climatological information, and weather forecast products for the Los Alamos area. December 14, 2011...

  11. Weather

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1DOETHE FUTURE LOOKSofthe Geeks:WeaponsWeather

  12. Improvement of weather analysis in isolated areas of the southern hemisphere by meteorological satellite information: a case study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Jose? Angel

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pressure Temperature Wind Upper-air circulation Fronts Cloudiness Cyclonic and anticyclonic activity. Weather patterns Summary of the status of available information Status of the Use of Information from Meteorological Satellites as Applied... del Fuego and South Patagonia, unpredictable most of the time except for the orographic effects, is due to the changes in the atmospheric circulation in the vicinity of the Drake Passage . Aircraft of Argentine and Chilean airlines operate...

  13. Estimating solar irradiance using a geostationary satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urquhart, Bryan Glenn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WR7. Solar Radiation Data (SoDa) Service. http://www.soda-1995). In National Solar Radiation Data Base—Final TechnicalMeteosat derived gridded radiation data for Europe. This

  14. Estimating solar irradiance using a geostationary satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urquhart, Bryan Glenn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in harnessing the sun's energy. If sunbeams were weaponsBasic Physics The sun is the primary energy source for thespectrum. The sun emits its highest levels energy as visible

  15. CIRES/NGDC Research Associate Satellite Sensor Systems Engineer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) at the University of Colorado at Boulder has an immediate, Boulder, CO. This position is for a Satellite Sensor Systems Engineer within the NGDC Solar on the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES), Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites

  16. Today's Space Weather Space Weather Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ], and grounding is difficult Hydro-Quebec's power grid is, within 90-sec of storm onset interference was thought to be due to Russian radio jamming ! GOES weather satellites, knocked out Power outage lasted 9-hours #12;What We Focus on Regarding This Storm: Power Grids

  17. A study of the main resonances outside the geostationary ring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Celletti, Alessandra

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the dynamics of satellites and space debris in external resonances, namely in the region outside the geostationary ring. Precisely, we focus on the 1:2, 1:3, 2:3 resonances, which are located at about 66 931.4 km, 87 705.0 km, 55 250.7 km, respectively. Some of these resonances have been already exploited in space missions, like XMM-Newton and Integral. Our study is mainly based on a Hamiltonian approach, which allows us to get fast and reliable information on the dynamics in the resonant regions. Significative results are obtained even by considering just the effect of the geopotential in the Hamiltonian formulation. For objects (typically space debris) with high area-to-mass ratio the Hamiltonian includes also the effect of the solar radiation pressure. In addition, we perform a comparison with the numerical integration in Cartesian variables, including the geopotential, the gravitational attraction of Sun and Moon, and the solar radiation pressure. We implement some simple mathematical tools...

  18. Using Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget dataUsing Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget data to evaluate global models and radiative processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cloud cover r.p.allan@reading.ac.uk© University of Reading 20108 #12;Radiative bias: climate models estimate radiative effect of contrail cirrus:contrail cirrus: LW ~ 40 Wm-2 SW up to 80 Wm-2 rUsing Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget dataUsing Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget data

  19. Scalable Proportional Allocation of Bandwidth in IP Satellite Networks12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Raj

    by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), comprising a total of 73 satellites. Two Non-Geostationary Orbit increased by the convergence of computing and communications and by new applications such as Web surfing telecommunications industry in the Twenty first century. Satellite communication networks can be an integral part

  20. Commercial Weatherization

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial buildings consume 19 percent of the energy used in the U.S. Learn how the Energy Department is supporting research and deployment on commercial weatherization.

  1. Exploiting weather forecast data for cloud detection 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackie, Shona

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accurate, fast detection of clouds in satellite imagery has many applications, for example Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and climate studies of both the atmosphere and of the Earth’s surface temperature. Most ...

  2. Weatherization Roundup

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    More than 750 thousand homes were weatherized by the Department’s Weatherization Assistance Program in the past three years. Secretary Chu spoke with governors and members of Congress around the country to celebrate this huge accomplishment -- which was finished ahead of schedule and is saving the average household $400 annually on their heating and cooling bills.

  3. Weatherizing America

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Stewart, Zachary; Bergeron, T.J.; Barth, Dale; Qualis, Xavier; Sewall, Travis; Fransen, Richard; Gill, Tony;

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    As Recovery Act money arrives to expand home weatherization programs across the country, Zachary Stewart of Phoenix, Ariz., and others have found an exciting opportunity not only to start working again, but also to find a calling.

  4. Weatherizing America

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As Recovery Act money arrives to expand home weatherization programs across the country, Zachary Stewart of Phoenix, Ariz., and others have found an exciting opportunity not only to start working...

  5. Weatherization Training for South Carolina's Muggy Weather

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Why it makes sense for one technical college in Charleston, South Carolina is adding weatherization programs to their curriculum.

  6. Cathy Zoi on Weatherization

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Zoi, Cath

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Right now, the Weatherization Assistance Program is now weatherizing 25,000 homes each month. So far 10,000 jobs have been created under the Recovery Act.

  7. Cathy Zoi on Weatherization

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Weatherization Assistance Program is now weatherizing 25,000 homes each month. So far 10,000 jobs have been created under the Recovery Act.

  8. SPACE WEATHER RISKS FROM AN INSURANCE PERSPECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    from, e.g., business interruptions. Hence, protection of the electric power supply is particularly Reliability and Infrastructure Defense Act) In 2009 North-American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) has-weather-prone property and infrastructure includes: · satellites (e.g., solar panels & electronics: exposed to particle

  9. Digital meteorological radar data compared with digital infrared data from a geostationary meteorological satellite 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Rodney Stuart

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and infrared spectrums. The SEM in- eludes a magnetometer, a solar x ? ray telescope, and an energetic 22 particle monitor. The TTC includes equipment for S-band trans- mission and reception (ir. reduced bandwidth) of VISSR data, S-band transmission... the visible and infrared spectrums. Radiation is received by the VISSR's primary optics via a 45 object-space scan mirror. The mirror is an elliptically shaped plane mirror which is tilted about its minor axis to obtain the north- south scan steps. West...

  10. DATA COMMUNICATIONS PROTOCOL PERFORMANCE ON GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE LINKS --LESSONS LEARNED USING ACTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kruse, Hans

    studied the SNA/SDLC protocol in Normal Response Mode. Our observation of TCP/IP confirms the need modifications at or below the transport layer. Our study of SDLC suggests a response time degradation the SNA/SDLC and the TCP/IP protocol families. The operation of the ACTS system has confirmed that its

  11. HOURLY GLOBAL RADIATION PREDICTION FROM GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE DATA Pierrick Haurant1,2*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    limits the photovoltaic (PV) systems integration on electrical grids. Indeed, fluctuations of the solar resource lead to strong variations of PV production that can destabilize the electrical network, in case failures. However, a good management of these different power sources needs predictions of load and fatal

  12. Soviet satellite communications science and technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Birch, J.N.; Campanella, S.J.; Gordon, G.D.; McElroy, D.R.; Pritchard, W.L.; Stamminger, R.

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report by six US scientists and engineers concerning the current state of the art and projections of future Soviet satellite communications technologies. The panel members are experts in satellite stabilization, spacecraft environments, space power generation, launch systems, spacecraft communications sciences and technologies, onboard processing, ground stations, and other technologies that impact communications. The panel assessed the Soviet ability to support high-data-rate space missions at 128 Mbps by evaluating current and projected Soviet satellite communications technologies. A variety of space missions were considered, including Earth-to-Earth communications via satellites in geostationary or highly elliptical orbits, those missions that require space-to-Earth communications via a direct path and those missions that require space-to-Earth communications via a relay satellite. Soviet satellite communications capability, in most cases, is 10 years behind that of the United States and other industrialized nations. However, based upon an analysis of communications links needed to support these missions using current Soviet capabilities, it is well within the current Soviet technology to support certain space missions outlined above at rates of 128 Mbps or higher, although published literature clearly shows that the Soviet Union has not exceeded 60 Mbps in its current space system. These analyses are necessary but not sufficient to determine mission data rates, and other technologies such as onboard processing and storage could limit the mission data rate well below that which could actually be supported via the communications links. Presently, the Soviet Union appears to be content with data rates in the low-Earth-orbit relay via geostationary mode of 12 Mbps. This limit is a direct result of power amplifier limits, spacecraft antenna size, and the utilization of K{sub u}-band frequencies. 91 refs., 16 figs., 15 tabs.

  13. WEATHER HAZARDS Basic Climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prediction Center (SPC) Watch Atmospheric conditions are right for hazardous weather ­ hazardous weather is likely to occur Issued by SPC Warning Hazardous weather is either imminent or occurring Issued by local NWS office #12;Outlooks--SPC Storm Prediction Center (SPC) Outlook=Convective Outlook Day 1 Day 2

  14. METEOROLOGICAL Weather and Forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY Weather and Forecasting EARLY ONLINE RELEASE This is a preliminary and interpretation of information from National Weather Service watches and warnings by10 decision makers such an outlier to the regional severe weather climatology. An analysis of the synoptic and13 mesoscale

  15. Winter Weather Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Jerry

    Winter Weather Management #12;Introduction · Campus Facilities Staff · Other Campus Organizations #12;Purpose · Organize and coordinate the campus response to winter weather events to maintain campus for use by 7 AM. · Response will be modified depending upon forecast and current weather conditions. #12

  16. Critical Fire Weather Patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clements, Craig

    .1 Sundowner Winds FAT -- 1.1 Southeastern U.S. Fire Weather LIT -- 1.1 East Winds MFR -- 1.1 East Winds OLM

  17. Scaling of solid state lasers for satellite power beaming applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman, H.W.; Albrecht, G.F.; Beach, R.J.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The power requirements for a satellite power beaming laser system depend upon the diameter of the beam director, the performance of the adaptive optics system, and the mission requirements. For an 8 meter beam director and overall Strehl ratio of 50%, a 30 kW laser at 850 nm can deliver an equivalent solar flux to a satellite at geostationary orbit. Advances in Diode Pumped Solid State Lasers (DPSSL) have brought these small, efficient and reliable devices to high average power and they should be considered for satellite power beaming applications. Two solid state systems are described: a diode pumped Alexandrite and diode pumped Thulium doped YAG. Both can deliver high average power at 850 nm in a single aperture.

  18. Home Weatherization Visit

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chu, Steven

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Secretary Steven Chu visits a home that is in the process of being weatherized in Columbus, OH, along with Ohio Governor Ted Strickland and Columbus Mayor Michael Coleman. They discuss the benefits of weatherization and how funding from the recovery act is having a direct impact in communities across America.

  19. An Image-Based Sensor System for Autonomous Rendez-Vous with Uncooperative Satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miravet, Carlos; Krouch, Eloise; del Cura, Juan Manuel

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper are described the image processing algorithms developed by SENER, Ingenieria y Sistemas to cope with the problem of image-based, autonomous rendez-vous (RV) with an orbiting satellite. The methods developed have a direct application in the OLEV (Orbital Life Extension Extension Vehicle) mission. OLEV is a commercial mission under development by a consortium formed by Swedish Space Corporation, Kayser-Threde and SENER, aimed to extend the operational life of geostationary telecommunication satellites by supplying them control, navigation and guidance services. OLEV is planned to use a set of cameras to determine the angular position and distance to the client satellite during the complete phases of rendez-vous and docking, thus enabling the operation with satellites not equipped with any specific navigational aid to provide support during the approach. The ability to operate with un-equipped client satellites significantly expands the range of applicability of the system under development, compar...

  20. Weatherizing Wilkes-Barre

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Calore, Joe

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Ride along with some weatherizers in Wilkes-Barre, PA, as they blower door test, manage z-doors, and dense pack their way to an energy efficient future one house at a time.

  1. Weatherizing Wilkes-Barre

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Ride along with some weatherizers in Wilkes-Barre, PA, as they blower door test, manage z-doors, and dense pack their way to an energy efficient future one house at a time.

  2. Integration of space weather into space situational awareness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeves, Geoffrey D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid assessment of space weather effects on satellites is a critical step in anomaly resolution and satellite threat assessment. That step, however, is often hindered by a number of factors including timely collection and delivery of space weather data and the inherent com plexity of space weather information. As part of a larger, integrated space situational awareness program, Los Alamos National Laboratory has developed prototype operational space weather tools that run in real time and present operators with customized, user-specific information. The Dynamic Radiation Environment Assimilation Model (DREAM) focuses on the penetrating radiation environment from natural or nuclear-produced radiation belts. The penetrating radiation environment is highly dynamic and highly orbit-dependent. Operators often must rely only on line plots of 2 MeV electron flux from the NOAA geosynchronous GOES satellites which is then assumed to be representative of the environment at the satellite of interest. DREAM uses data assimilation to produce a global, real-time, energy dependent specification. User tools are built around a distributed service oriented architecture (SOA) which will allow operators to select any satellite from the space catalog and examine the environment for that specific satellite and time of interest. Depending on the application operators may need to examine instantaneous dose rates and/or dose accumulated over various lengths of time. Further, different energy thresholds can be selected depending on the shielding on the satellite or instrument of interest. In order to rapidly assess the probability that space weather was the cause of anomalous operations, the current conditions can be compared against the historical distribution of radiation levels for that orbit. In the simplest operation a user would select a satellite and time of interest and immediately see if the environmental conditions were typical, elevated, or extreme based on how often those conditions occur in that orbit. This allows users to rapidly rule in or out environmental causes of anomalies. The same user interface can also allow users to drill down for more detailed quantitative information. DREAM can be run either from a distributed web-based user interface or as a stand-alone application for secure operations. In this paper we discuss the underlying structure of the DREAM model and demonstrate the user interface that we have developed . We also present some prototype data products and user interfaces for DREAM and discuss how space environment information can be seamlessly integrated into operational SSA systems.

  3. Enhancement of satellite precipitation estimation via unsupervised dimensionality reduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahrooghy, Majid [Mississippi State University (MSU); Younan, Nicolas H. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Anantharaj, Valentine G [ORNL; Aanstoos, James [Mississippi State University (MSU)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A methodology to enhance Satellite Precipitation Estimation (SPE) using unsupervised dimensionality reduction (UDR) techniques is developed. This enhanced technique is an extension to the Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Imagery using an Artificial Neural Network (PERSIANN) and Cloud Classification System (CCS) method (PERSIANN-CCS) enriched using wavelet features combined with dimensionality reduction. Cloud-top brightness temperature measurements from Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-12) are used for precipitation estimation at 4 km 4 km spatial resolutions every 30 min. The study area in the continental United States covers parts of Louisiana, Arkansas, Kansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Alabama. Based on quantitative measures, root mean square error (RMSE) and Heidke skill score (HSS), the results show that the UDR techniques can improve the precipitation estimation accuracy. In addition, ICA is shown to have better performance than other UDR techniques; and in some cases, it achieves 10% improvement in the HSS.

  4. Intelligent weather agent for aircraft severe weather avoidance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bokadia, Sangeeta

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Severe weather conditions pose a large threat to the safety of aircraft, since they are responsible for a large percentage of aviation related accidents. With the advent of the free flight environment, the exigency for an autonomous severe weather...

  5. Weather Regime Prediction Using Statistical Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Deloncle; R. Berk; F. D'Andrea; M. Ghil

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and B. Legras, 1995: Weather regimes: Recurrence and quasi10952. Molteni, F. , 2002: Weather regimes and multipleK. Ide, and M. Ghil, 2004: Weather regimes and preferred

  6. accelerated weathering: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Winter Weather Safety www.weather.gov SnowIce Blizzards Flooding Cold Temperatures 12;Building a Weather 5 Weather Theory Weather Reports, Forcasts and...

  7. Portland Diversifying Weatherization Workforce

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An agreement signed by a diverse group of stakeholders ensures that those in disadvantaged communities have access to some of the weatherization jobs stemming from the pilot phase of the Clean Energy Works Portland program, which has almost 500 homes receiving retrofits through the summer with the help of federal dollars.

  8. QUANTIFICATION OF WEATHERING Robert Hack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    sandstone, limestone and dolomites, slates, shales, and in- Weathering and especially future weathering 40 60 80 H slate medium H slate v.thin H slate tick lam. Tg21 thick Tg21 medium Tg21 thin Tg21 v

  9. Road Weather and Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Road Weather and Transportation Systems Rhonda Young, P.E., PhD Associate Professor Dept. of Civil & Arch. Engineering Portland State University April 18, 2014 #12;Engineering Perspective of Road Weather · How does weather impact transportation systems? · As engineers, is there anything we can do

  10. Leveraging Resources for the Weatherization Innovation Pilot...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program (WIPP) - Webinar Transcript Leveraging Resources for the Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program (WIPP) - Webinar Transcript This...

  11. Leveraging Resources for Weatherization Innovation Pilot Projects...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Weatherization Innovation Pilot Projects (WIPP) Presentation Leveraging Resources for Weatherization Innovation Pilot Projects (WIPP) Presentation As a WIPP agency, reporting...

  12. Bishop Paiute Weatherization Training Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlos Hernandez

    2010-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Weatherization Training Grant assisted Native American trainees in developing weatherization competencies, creating employment opportunities for Bishop Paiute tribal members in a growing field. The trainees completed all the necessary training and certification requirements and delivered high-quality weatherization services on the Bishop Paiute Reservation. Six tribal members received all three certifications for weatherization; four of the trainees are currently employed. The public benefit includes (1) development of marketable skills by low-income Native individuals, (2) employment for low-income Native individuals in a growing industry, and (3) economic development opportunities that were previously not available to these individuals or the Tribe.

  13. Weatherization Apprenticeship Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, Eric J

    2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Weatherization improvement services will be provided to Native people by Native people. The proposed project will recruit, train and hire two full-time weatherization technicians who will improve the energy efficiency of homes of Alaska Natives/American Indians residing in the Indian areas, within the Cook Inlet Region of Alaska. The Region includes Anchorage as well as 8 small tribal villages: The Native Villages of Eklutna, Knik, Chickaloon, Seldovia, Ninilchik, Kenaitze, Salamatof, and Tyonek. This project will be a partnership between three entities, with Cook Inlet Tribal Council (CITC) as the lead agency: CITCA's Employment and Training Services Department, Cook Inlet Housing Authority and Alaska Works Partnership. Additionally, six of the eight tribal villages within the Cook Inlet Region of Alaska have agreed to work with the project in order to improve the energy efficiency of their tribally owned buildings and homes. The remaining three villages will be invited to participate in the establishment of an intertribal consortium through this project. Tribal homes and buildings within Anchorage fall under Cook Inlet Region, Inc. (CIRI) tribal authority.

  14. artificial weathering environment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nation Winter Weather Hazards Winter Weather Safety www.weather.gov SnowIce Blizzards Flooding Cold Temperatures 12;Building a Weather 37 4....

  15. Regional-seasonal weather forecasting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abarbanel, H.; Foley, H.; MacDonald, G.; Rothaus, O.; Rudermann, M.; Vesecky, J.

    1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the interest of allocating heating fuels optimally, the state-of-the-art for seasonal weather forecasting is reviewed. A model using an enormous data base of past weather data is contemplated to improve seasonal forecasts, but present skills do not make that practicable. 90 references. (PSB)

  16. SpaceWeather RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lockwood, Mike

    ), The Solar Stormwatch CME catalogue: Results from the first space weather citizen science project, Space is properly cited. The Solar Stormwatch CME catalogue: Results from the first space weather citizen science citizen science project, the aim of which is to identify and track coronal mass ejections (CMEs) observed

  17. PV powering a weather station for severe weather

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, W. Jr. [Florida Solar Energy Center, Cocoa, FL (United States); Schmidt, J. [Joe Schmidt, Inc., Miami, FL (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A natural disaster, such as Hurricane Andrew, destroys thousands of homes and businesses. The destruction from this storm left thousands of people without communications, potable water, and electrical power. This prompted the Florida Solar Energy Center to study the application of solar electric power for use in disasters. During this same period, volunteers at the Tropical Prediction Center at the National Hurricane Center (NHC), Miami, Florida and the Miami Office of the National Weather Service (NWS) were working to increase the quantity and quality of observations received from home weather stations. Forecasters at NHC have found surface reports from home weather stations a valuable tool in determining the size, strength and course of hurricanes. Home weather stations appear able to record the required information with an adequate level of accuracy. Amateur radio, utilizing the Automatic Packet Report System, (APRS) can be used to transmit this data to weather service offices in virtually real time. Many weather data collecting stations are at remote sites which are not readily serviced by dependable commercial power. Photovoltaic (solar electric) modules generate electricity and when connected to a battery can operate as a stand alone power system. The integration of these components provides an inexpensive standalone system. The system is easy to install, operates automatically and has good communication capabilities. This paper discusses the design criteria, operation, construction and deployment of a prototype solar powered weather station.

  18. Weatherization Formula Grants - American Recovery and Reinvestment...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Weatherization Formula Grants - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Weatherization Formula Grants - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) U.S. Department of...

  19. New York: Weatherizing Westbeth Reduces Energy Consumption |...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    New York: Weatherizing Westbeth Reduces Energy Consumption New York: Weatherizing Westbeth Reduces Energy Consumption August 21, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis The New York State Homes and...

  20. Tacoma Power- Residential Weatherization Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tacoma Power helps residential customers increase the energy efficiency of homes through the utility's residential weatherization program. Weatherization upgrades to windows are eligible for an...

  1. Evaluation of "all weather" microwave-derived land surface temperatures with in situ CEOP measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluation of "all weather" microwave-derived land surface temperatures with in situ CEOP conditions. Ts estimates from infrared satellite observations can only be derived under clear sky. Passive from Special Sensor Microwave/Imager measurements, with a spatial resolution of 0.25° × 0.25°, at least

  2. INTRODUCTION Aerosol information derived from geostationary remote sensing instruments can comple-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wunderle, Stefan

    - ments those obtained from polar orbiting sensors (e.g. MODIS, MERIS, or AVHRR). The high scanning frequency of the Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager (SEVIRI) onboard the Meteosat Second matter during stable weather condi- tions. The objective of this study is to evaluate operationally

  3. WeatherMaker: Weather file conversion and evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WeatherMaker is a weather-data utility for use with the ENERGY-10 design-tool computer program. The three main features are: Convert--Weather files can be converted from one format to another. For example, a TMY2 format file can be converted to an ENERGY-10 binary file that can be used in a simulation. This binary file can then be converted to a text format that allows it to be read and/or manipulated in WordPad or Excel. Evaluate--ENERGY-10 weather files can be studied in great detail. There are 8 graphical displays of the data that provide insight into the data, and a summary tables that presents results calculated from the hourly data. Adjust--Hourly temperature data can be adjusted starting with hourly data from a nearby TMY2 site. Dry-bulb and wet-bulb temperatures are adjusted up or down as required to match given monthly statistics. This feature can be used to generate weather files for any of 3,958 sites in the US where such monthly statistics are tabulated. The paper shows a variety of results, explains the methods used, and discusses the rationale for making the adjustments. It is anticipated that WeatherMaker will be released by the time of the ASES Solar 99 conference.

  4. Arizona Foundation Expands Weatherization Training Center

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Read about one weatherization training center that's looking forward to an onslaught of new trainees.

  5. Low-Income Weatherization: The Human Dimension

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation focuses on how the human dimension saves energy within low-income weatherization programs.

  6. Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program Success Stories

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Office (WIPO) success stories, news clips, and press releases.

  7. U.S. Department of Energy Weatherization Assistance Program Homes...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Weatherization Assistance Program Homes Weatherized By State through 06302010 (Calendar Year) U.S. Department of Energy Weatherization Assistance...

  8. A Multi-period Equilibrium Pricing Model of Weather Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yongheon; Oren, Shmuel S.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2002). On modelling and pricing weather derivatives. Applied2003). Arbitrage-fee pricing of weather derivatives based onfects and valuation of weather derivatives. The Financial

  9. Weather-based yield forecasts developed for 12 California crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lobell, David; Cahill, Kimberly Nicholas; Field, Christopher

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Weather-based yield forecasts developed fordepend largely on the weather, measurements from existingpredictions. We developed weather-based models of statewide

  10. Essays on Weather Indexed Insurance and Energy Use in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuchs, Alan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and O. Mahul, 2007. “Weather Index Insurance for Agricultureand J. Vickery, 2005. “Weather Insurance in Semi-AridBinswanger, 1993. “Wealth, Weather Risk and the Composition

  11. A multi-period equilibrium pricing model of weather derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yongheon; Oren, Shmuel S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Y. : Valuation and hedging of weather derivatives on monthlyJ. Risk 31. Yoo, S. : Weather derivatives and seasonaleffects and valuation of weather derivatives. Financ. Rev.

  12. Identification of High Collision Concentration Locations Under Wet Weather Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Taesung; Chung, Koohong; Ragland, David; Chan, Chin-Yao

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conducted under wet weather conditions. Observations fromLeahy, M. , and Suggett, J. Weather as a Chronic Hazard forLocations Under Wet Weather Conditions Taesung Hwang,

  13. Winter Weather FAQs | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Winter Weather FAQs As Argonne prepares for the winter season, employees should be aware of the laboratory's procedures and policies in severe weather events. Below are some of the...

  14. Weather-Corrected Performance Ratio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dierauf, T.; Growitz, A.; Kurtz, S.; Cruz, J. L. B.; Riley, E.; Hansen, C.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photovoltaic (PV) system performance depends on both the quality of the system and the weather. One simple way to communicate the system performance is to use the performance ratio (PR): the ratio of the electricity generated to the electricity that would have been generated if the plant consistently converted sunlight to electricity at the level expected from the DC nameplate rating. The annual system yield for flat-plate PV systems is estimated by the product of the annual insolation in the plane of the array, the nameplate rating of the system, and the PR, which provides an attractive way to estimate expected annual system yield. Unfortunately, the PR is, again, a function of both the PV system efficiency and the weather. If the PR is measured during the winter or during the summer, substantially different values may be obtained, making this metric insufficient to use as the basis for a performance guarantee when precise confidence intervals are required. This technical report defines a way to modify the PR calculation to neutralize biases that may be introduced by variations in the weather, while still reporting a PR that reflects the annual PR at that site given the project design and the project weather file. This resulting weather-corrected PR gives more consistent results throughout the year, enabling its use as a metric for performance guarantees while still retaining the familiarity this metric brings to the industry and the value of its use in predicting actual annual system yield. A testing protocol is also presented to illustrate the use of this new metric with the intent of providing a reference starting point for contractual content.

  15. Pantex receives National Weather Service recognition | National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    receives National Weather Service recognition | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...

  16. Karimar Ledesma Puerto Rico Weather Camp 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    Karimar Ledesma Puerto Rico Weather Camp 2009 Me llamo Karimar Ledesma Maldonado y soy una "Weather Camper 2009". Mi participación en el Puerto Rico Weather Camp fue lo que finalmente me convenció y motivo Física Teórica en adición a la certificación de meteorología en la Universidad de Puerto Rico en Mayagüez

  17. Internship opportunity with National Weather Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Internship opportunity with National Weather Service Pacific Regional Headquarters Fall 2008 deadline: August 8, 2008 The Pacific Region of the National Weather Service administers the programs and the general public. The Pacific Regional Headquarters of the National Weather Service, located in downtown

  18. Observations and simulations improve space weather models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 1 - Observations and simulations improve space weather models June 25, 2014 Los Alamos with fast-moving particles and a space weather system that varies in response to incoming energy computer simulations of the space weather that can affect vital technology, communication and navigation

  19. Watching ColoradoWatching Colorado WeatherWeather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ Evapotranspiration #12;CoAgMet Southeast Colorado #12;Hoehne CoAgMet Weather Station #12;Hoehne Daily Temperatures #12;Hoehne Relative Humidity #12;Hoehne Solar Radiation #12;Hoehne Wind Speed #12;Hoehne ET Reference Hoehne ET Reference 0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40 0.45 0.50 Jan-04 Jan-04 Feb-04 M ar-04 M

  20. 200,000 homes weatherized under the Recovery Act

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Today Vice President Biden announced that the Weatherization Assistance Program has weatherized 200,000 homes under the Recovery Act.

  1. CHAPTER 3NOAA Procurement, Acquisition, & Construction The latest NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-O) rotating on a stand for blanket inspection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    expected to open Spring 2011 #12;NATiONAL OCEANiC AND ATmOsPHERiC ADmiNisTRATiON FY2011 BuDGET summARY 3 Enacted 2007 Enacted 2006 Enacted 2005 Enacted (Dollars in thousands) Budget Trends FY 2005 REqUEST FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 CELCP 25,000 25,000 25,000 25,000 25,000 Coastal and Estuarine

  2. Q-Winds satellite hurricane wind retrievals and H*Wind comparisons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hennon, Christopher C.

    of the hurricane surface winds from NOAA and U.S. Air Force Weather Squadron aircraft flights. Further, results1 Q-Winds satellite hurricane wind retrievals and H*Wind comparisons Pet Laupattarakasem and W This paper presents a new hurricane ocean vector wind (OVW) product known as Q-Winds produced from the SeaWinds

  3. Five case studies of multifamily weatherization programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinney, L; Wilson, T.; Lewis, G. [Synertech Systems Corp. (United States)] [Synertech Systems Corp. (United States); MacDonald, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The multifamily case studies that are the subject of this report were conducted to provide a better understanding of the approach taken by program operators in weatherizing large buildings. Because of significant variations in building construction and energy systems across the country, five states were selected based on their high level of multifamily weatherization. This report summarizes findings from case studies conducted by multifamily weatherization operations in five cities. The case studies were conducted between January and November 1994. Each of the case studies involved extensive interviews with the staff of weatherization subgrantees conducting multifamily weatherization, the inspection of 4 to 12 buildings weatherized between 1991 and 1993, and the analysis of savings and costs. The case studies focused on innovative techniques which appear to work well.

  4. Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari, Hashem; Berhe, Asmeret A.; Levinson, Ronnen; Graveline,Stanley; Foley, Kevin; Delgado, Ana H.; Paroli, Ralph M.

    2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Aging and weathering can reduce the solar reflectance of cool roofing materials. This paper summarizes laboratory measurements of the solar spectral reflectance of unweathered, weathered, and cleaned samples collected from single-ply roofing membranes at various sites across the United States. Fifteen samples were examined in each of the following six conditions: unweathered; weathered; weathered and brushed; weathered, brushed and then rinsed with water; weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, and then washed with soap and water; and weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, washed with soap and water, and then washed with an algaecide. Another 25 samples from 25 roofs across the United States and Canada were measured in their unweathered state, weathered, and weathered and wiped. We document reduction in reflectivity resulted from various soiling mechanisms and provide data on the effectiveness of various cleaning approaches. Results indicate that although the majority of samples after being washed with detergent could be brought to within 90% of their unweathered reflectivity, in some instances an algaecide was required to restore this level of reflectivity.

  5. Idaho Falls Power- Residential Weatherization Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Residential customers with permanently installed electric heat who receive service from the City of Idaho Falls, are eligible for 0% weatherization loans. City Energy Service will conduct an...

  6. The Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    alone. Speakers Jeff Melville, Jack Wilson, John Manz, Kirk Gannett, Franzenia Smith, Duration 4:07 Topic Home Weatherization Education & Training Credit Energy Department...

  7. Training Program Graduates Weatherization-Ready Workers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Graduates of Human Capital Development Corporation's (HCDC) First Choice Program aren't just trained in areas of construction, they also can tackle home weatherization services.

  8. Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The SWS provide a common yardstick for consumers, financiers, and policy makers to measure the performance of their service providers. Training the Weatherization Workforce...

  9. Maine Company Growing with Weatherization Work

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Maine's BIOSAFE Environmental Services expands into weatherization, assisting low-income families with their services and creating jobs as business grows.

  10. Chelan County PUD- Residential Weatherization Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Chelan County PUD offers cash rebates to residential customers who make energy efficient weatherization improvements to eligible homes. Eligible measures include efficient windows doors as well as...

  11. Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis for Numerical Weather Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandru Cioaca

    2011-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 2, 2011 ... Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis for Numerical Weather Prediction: Applications to Power Grid Optimization. Alexandru Cioaca(alexgc ***at*** vt.edu)

  12. Weatherization Assistance Available at Florida Pie Shop

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Pie in the Sky, a seemingly simple store that offers customers fresh-baked desserts, is providing a second treat: weatherization.

  13. The origins of computer weather prediction and climate modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lynch, Peter [Meteorology and Climate Centre, School of Mathematical Sciences, University College Dublin, Belfield (Ireland)], E-mail: Peter.Lynch@ucd.ie

    2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerical simulation of an ever-increasing range of geophysical phenomena is adding enormously to our understanding of complex processes in the Earth system. The consequences for mankind of ongoing climate change will be far-reaching. Earth System Models are capable of replicating climate regimes of past millennia and are the best means we have of predicting the future of our climate. The basic ideas of numerical forecasting and climate modeling were developed about a century ago, long before the first electronic computer was constructed. There were several major practical obstacles to be overcome before numerical prediction could be put into practice. A fuller understanding of atmospheric dynamics allowed the development of simplified systems of equations; regular radiosonde observations of the free atmosphere and, later, satellite data, provided the initial conditions; stable finite difference schemes were developed; and powerful electronic computers provided a practical means of carrying out the prodigious calculations required to predict the changes in the weather. Progress in weather forecasting and in climate modeling over the past 50 years has been dramatic. In this presentation, we will trace the history of computer forecasting through the ENIAC integrations to the present day. The useful range of deterministic prediction is increasing by about one day each decade, and our understanding of climate change is growing rapidly as Earth System Models of ever-increasing sophistication are developed.

  14. Exploration of Weather Impacts on Freeway Traffic Operations and Safety Using High-Resolution Weather Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Exploration of Weather Impacts on Freeway Traffic Operations and Safety Using High-Resolution Weather Data by Chengyu Dai A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Moradkhani Kristin Tufte Portland State University ©2011 #12;i ABSTRACT Adverse weather is considered as one

  15. Lesson 33: Weather [hali ya hewa; hali ya anga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesson 33: Weather Weather [hali ya hewa; hali ya anga] A). Weather baridi [cold] joto [warm. 7). Sayari inayozunguka Dunia huitwa mwezi. #12;D. Kuna [There is] Swahili expresses weather is not raining.)] Zingatia [Note] kuna hali ya anga / hali ya hewa namna gani [There is...] [weather conditions

  16. HMS Inclement Weather Policy FACULTY, STAFF AND STUDENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrich, Lisa V.

    HMS Inclement Weather Policy FACULTY, STAFF AND STUDENTS During a weather emergency or other inclement weather is that, short of a declared state of emergency, the School remains open. The teaching and research activities of HMS continue despite inclement weather. In such weather emergencies, however

  17. DREAM tool increases space weather predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 1 - DREAM tool increases space weather predictions April 13, 2012 Predicting space weather improved by new DREAM modeling tool Earth's radiation belts can now be studied with a new modeling tool DREAM comes into play. Radiation belt structure and dynamics revealed DREAM is a modeling tool

  18. Segmenting Time Series for Weather Forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sripada, Yaji

    for generating textual summaries. Our algorithm has been implemented in a weather forecast generation system. 1 presentation, aid human understanding of the underlying data sets. SUMTIME is a research project aiming turbines. In the domain of meteorology, time series data produced by numerical weather prediction (NWP

  19. Alaska Native Weatherization Training and Jobs Program First Steps Toward Tribal Weatherization – Human Capacity Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiita, Joanne

    2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Alaska Native Weatherization Training and Jobs Project expanded weatherization services for tribal members’ homes in southeast Alaska while providing weatherization training and on the job training (OJT) for tribal citizens that lead to jobs and most probably careers in weatherization-related occupations. The program resulted in; (a) 80 Alaska Native citizens provided with skills training in five weatherization training units that were delivered in cooperation with University of Alaska Southeast, in accordance with the U.S. Department of Energy Core Competencies for Weatherization Training that prepared participants for employment in three weatherizationrelated occupations: Installer, Crew Chief, and Auditor; (b) 25 paid OJT training opportunities for trainees who successfully completed the training course; and (c) employed trained personnel that have begun to rehab on over 1,000 housing units for weatherization.

  20. Predicting Weather Regime Transitions in Northern Hemisphere Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondrashov, D.; Shen, J.; Berk, R.; D., F

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R, D’Andrea F, Ghil M (2007) Weather regime prediction usingA case study. Mon. Weather Rev. , 120, 1616–1627. Kimoto M,D, Ide K, Ghil M (2004) Weather regimes and preferred

  1. Towards Ultra-High Resolution Models of Climate and Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehner, Michael; Oliker, Leonid; Shalf, John

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Models of Climate and Weather Michael Wehner, Leonid Oliker,modeling climate change and weather prediction is one of thedelity in both short term weather prediction and long term

  2. Predicting Weather Regime Transitions in Northern Hemisphere Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Kondrashov; J. Shen; R. Berk; F. D

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R, D’Andrea F, Ghil M (2007) Weather regime prediction usingA case study. Mon. Weather Rev. , 120, 1616–1627. Kimoto M,D, Ide K, Ghil M (2004) Weather regimes and preferred

  3. Predicting Weather Regime Transitions in Northern Hemisphere Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondrashov, Dmitri; Shen, Jie; Berk, Richard; D'Andrea, F.; Ghil, M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R, D'Andrea F, Ghil M (2007) Weather regime prediction usingA case study. Mon. Weather Rev. , 120, 1616-1627. Kimoto M ,D, Ide K , Ghil M (2004) Weather regimes and preferred

  4. Appendix K - GPRA06 Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Appendix K - GPRA06 Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) Documentation Appendix K - GPRA06 Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) Documentation State...

  5. DOE Announces $29 Million in Recovery Act Awards for Weatherization...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    expand weatherization training centers across the country. These projects will provide green job training for local workers in energy efficiency retrofitting and weatherization...

  6. Test Procedure for UV Weathering Resistance of Backsheet | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Test Procedure for UV Weathering Resistance of Backsheet Test Procedure for UV Weathering Resistance of Backsheet Presented at the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27...

  7. WEATHERIZATION PROGRAM NOTICE 10-10: REPROGRAMMING TRAINING AND...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    WEATHERIZATION PROGRAM NOTICE 10-10: REPROGRAMMING TRAINING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FUNDS TO PROGRAM OPERATIONS WEATHERIZATION PROGRAM NOTICE 10-10: REPROGRAMMING TRAINING AND...

  8. arctic weather conditions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    condition for a particular vessel. Keywords Weather Routing, Degraded Condition, Crisis Manage- ment Advice, Shortest Path Berlin,Technische Universitt 18 Weather...

  9. Exploiting Weather Forecast Information in the Operation of ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor M Zavala

    2009-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 4, 2009 ... We argue that anticipating the weather conditions can lead to more ... The necessary uncertainty information is extracted from the weather ...

  10. Presentation at the Weatherization Program Deep Dive Briefing...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4, 2009 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Weatherization Assistance Program presentation at Weatherization Deep Dive...

  11. Weatherization Works: Final Report of the National Weatherization Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M.A.

    2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1990, the US Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored a comprehensive evaluation of its Weatherization Assistance Program, the nation's largest residential energy conservation program. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) managed the five-part study. This document summarizes the findings of the evaluation. Its conclusions are based mainly on data from the 1989 program year. The evaluation concludes that the Program meets the objectives of its enabling legislation and fulfills its mission statement. Specifically, it saves energy, lowers fuel bills, and improves the health and safety of dwellings occupied by low-income people. In addition, the Program achieves its mission in a cost-effective manner based on each of three perspectives employed by the evaluators. Finally, the evaluation estimates that the investments made in 1989 will, over a 20-year lifetime, save the equivalent of 12 million barrels of oil, roughly the amount of oil added to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in each of the past several years. The Program's mission is to reduce the heating and cooling costs for low-income families--particularly the elderly, persons with disabilities, and children by improving the energy efficiency of their homes and ensuring their health and safety. Substantial progress has been made, but the job is far from over. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) reports that the average low-income family spends 12 percent of its income on residential energy, compared to only 3% for the average-income family. Homes where low-income families live also have a greater need for energy efficiency improvements, but less money to pay for them.

  12. Human-Centered Systems Analysis of Aircraft Separation from Adverse Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigeant-Langlois, Laurence

    Adverse weather significantly impacts the safety and efficiency of flight operations. Weather information

  13. The Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meville, Jeff; Wilson, Jack; Manz, John; Gannett, Kirk; Smith, Franzennia

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A look into some of the remarkable work being done in the Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College. Penn College's program has served as the model for six other training centers in Pennsylvania alone.

  14. The Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Meville, Jeff; Wilson, Jack; Manz, John; Gannett, Kirk; Smith, Franzennia;

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A look into some of the remarkable work being done in the Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College. Penn College's program has served as the model for six other training centers in Pennsylvania alone.

  15. Clark Public Utilities- Residential Weatherization Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Loans of up to $15,000 at a 5.25% interest are available through Clark Public Utilities' Weatherization Loan Program. The loans can pay for the average local cost of eligible measures, based on...

  16. Cowlitz County PUD- Residential Weatherization Plus Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cowlitz County PUD offers an incentive to residential customers who weatherize their homes. Eligible residences can be either site-built or manufactured homes, but must have a permanently installed...

  17. Calibrating DOE-2 to weather and non-weather-dependent loads for a commercial building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bronson, John Douglas

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CALIBRATING DOE-2 TO WEATHER AND NON-WEATHER-DEPENDENT LOADS FOR A COMMERCIAL BUILDING A Thesis by JOHN DOUGLAS BRONSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering CALIBRATING DOE-2 TO WEATHER AND NON-WEATHER-DEPENDENT LOADS FOR A COMMERCIAL BUILDING A Thesis by JOHN DOUGLAS BRONSON Approved as to style and content by: M D~c Dennis...

  18. Calibrating DOE-2 to weather and non-weather-dependent loads for a commercial building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bronson, John Douglas

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CALIBRATING DOE-2 TO WEATHER AND NON-WEATHER-DEPENDENT LOADS FOR A COMMERCIAL BUILDING A Thesis by JOHN DOUGLAS BRONSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering CALIBRATING DOE-2 TO WEATHER AND NON-WEATHER-DEPENDENT LOADS FOR A COMMERCIAL BUILDING A Thesis by JOHN DOUGLAS BRONSON Approved as to style and content by: M D~c Dennis...

  19. Faces of the Recovery Act: National Weatherization Conference

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Personal stories from the 2009 National Weatherization Training Conference in Indianapolis, Indiana.

  20. Weatherization Plus — Opportunities for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Millennium Committee Strategy Report for the DOE Weatherization Assistance Program; 15 pp.; April 1999.

  1. Faces of the Recovery Act: National Weatherization Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Personal stories from the 2009 National Weatherization Training Conference in Indianapolis, Indiana.

  2. Faces of the Recovery Act: National Weatherization Conference

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chu, Sammy; Campanella, Leslie; Sewell, Travis; Gill, Tony; Fransen, Richard; Leuty, Steve; Qualls, Xavier; Bergeron, T.J.; Stewet, Zachary

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Personal stories from the 2009 National Weatherization Training Conference in Indianapolis, Indiana.

  3. Weather Radar Control System Seidu Ibrahim; Advisor: Eric J. Knapp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    Weather Radar Control System Seidu Ibrahim; Advisor: Eric J. Knapp Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Massachusetts, Amherst Abstract Weather radar is an important part of the national infrastructure that is used in producing forecasts and issuing hazardous weather warnings. Traditional weather

  4. Dynamical friction on satellite galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michiko Fujii; Yoko Funato; Junichiro Makino

    2006-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    For a rigid model satellite, Chandrasekhar's dynamical friction formula describes the orbital evolution quite accurately, when the Coulomb logarithm is chosen appropriately. However, it is not known if the orbital evolution of a real satellite with the internal degree of freedom can be described by the dynamical friction formula. We performed N-body simulation of the orbital evolution of a self-consistent satellite galaxy within a self-consistent parent galaxy. We found that the orbital decay of the simulated satellite is significantly faster than the estimate from the dynamical friction formula. The main cause of this discrepancy is that the stars stripped out of the satellite are still close to the satellite, and increase the drag force on the satellite through two mechanisms. One is the direct drag force from particles in the trailing tidal arm, a non-axisymmetric force that slows the satellite down. The other is the indirect effect that is caused by the particles remaining close to the satellite after escape. The force from them enhances the wake caused in the parent galaxy by dynamical friction, and this larger wake in turn slows the satellite down more than expected from the contribution of its bound mass. We found these two have comparable effects, and the combined effect can be as large as 20% of the total drag force on the satellite.

  5. gLISA: geosynchronous Laser Interferometer Space Antenna concepts with off-the-shelf satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Tinto; Daniel DeBra; Sasha Buchman; Scott Tilley

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss two geosynchronous gravitational wave mission concepts, which we generically name gLISA. One relies on the science instrument hosting program onboard geostationary commercial satellites, while the other takes advantage of recent developments in the aerospace industry that result in dramatic satellite and launching vehicle cost reductions for a dedicated geosynchronous mission. To achieve the required level of disturbance free-fall onboard these large and heavy platforms we propose a "two-stage" drag-free system, which incorporates the Modular Gravitational Reference Sensor (MGRS) (developed at Stanford University) and does not rely on the use of micro-Newton thrusters. Although both mission concepts are characterized by different technical and programmatic challenges, individually they could be flown and operated at a cost significantly lower than those of previously envisioned gravitational wave missions. We estimate both mission concepts to cost less than 500M US$ each, and in the year 2015 we will perform at JPL a detailed selecting mission cost analysis.

  6. Laser satellite power systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walbridge, E.W.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A laser satellite power system (SPS) converts solar power captured by earth-orbiting satellites into electrical power on the earth's surface, the satellite-to-ground transmission of power being effected by laser beam. The laser SPS may be an alternative to the microwave SPS. Microwaves easily penetrate clouds while laser radiation does not. Although there is this major disadvantage to a laser SPS, that system has four important advantages over the microwave alternative: (1) land requirements are much less, (2) radiation levels are low outside the laser ground stations, (3) laser beam sidelobes are not expected to interfere with electromagnetic systems, and (4) the laser system lends itself to small-scale demonstration. After describing lasers and how they work, the report discusses the five lasers that are candidates for application in a laser SPS: electric discharge lasers, direct and indirect solar pumped lasers, free electron lasers, and closed-cycle chemical lasers. The Lockheed laser SPS is examined in some detail. To determine whether a laser SPS will be worthy of future deployment, its capabilities need to be better understood and its attractiveness relative to other electric power options better assessed. First priority should be given to potential program stoppers, e.g., beam attenuation by clouds. If investigation shows these potential program stoppers to be resolvable, further research should investigate lasers that are particularly promising for SPS application.

  7. Adverse Weather Conditions If adverse weather conditions occur which affects tube, bus or rail services, Heads of Department/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adverse Weather Conditions If adverse weather conditions occur which affects tube, bus or rail to present him/herself for work. Where, due to the adverse weather conditions, public transport is affected as a result of the adverse weather conditions (for example a child's school is closed), they should consult

  8. Control of Regional and Global Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Bolonkin

    2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Author suggests and researches a new revolutionary idea for regional and global weather control. He offers to cover cities, bad regions of country, full country or a continent by a thin closed film with control clarity located at a top limit of the Earth troposphere (4 - 6 km). The film is supported at altitude by small additional atmospheric pressure and connected to ground by thin cables. It is known, the troposphere defines the Earth weather. Authors show this closed dome allows to do a full control of the weather in a given region (the day is always fine, the rain is only in night, no strong wind). The average Earth (white cloudy) reflectance equal 0.3 - 0.5. That means the Earth losses about 0.3 - 0.5 of a solar energy. The dome controls the clarity of film and converts the cold regions to subtropics and creates the hot deserts, desolate wildernesses to the prosperous regions with temperate climate. That is a realistic and the cheapest method of the weather control in the Earth at the current time. Key words: Global weather control, gigantic film dome, converting a cold region to subtropics, converting desolate wilderness to a prosperous region.

  9. Healthy Housing Opportunities During Weatherization Work

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, J.; Tohn, E.

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the summer and early fall of 2010, the National Center for Healthy Housing interviewed people from a selection of state and local agencies that perform weatherizations on low-income housing in order to gauge their approach to improving the health and safety of the homes. The interviews provided a strong cross section of what work agencies can do, and how they go about funding this work when funds from the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) do not cover the full extent of the repairs. The report also makes recommendations for WAP in how to assist agencies to streamline and maximize the health and safety repairs they are able to make in the course of a standard weatherization.

  10. Design and Development of Dual Polarized, Stacked Patch Antenna Element for S-Band Dual-Pol Weather Radar Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhardwaj, Shubhendu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Weather Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .for S-Band Weather Radar . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual-polpatterns of polarimetric weather radars,” Journal of

  11. 1990 Weatherization Assistance Program monitoring. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samuels, L.S.

    1992-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The fiscal year 1990 DOE weatherization programs were monitored in Indiana, Ohio, and Wisconsin. The focus of the monitoring was on a total of 18 subgrantees. Separate reports on the monitoring completed on each site was submitted as well as the final summary report for each state. The scope of monitoring consisted of a review of current contracts, budgets, program operating procedures, staffing, inventory control, financial and procurement procedures, review of client files and audit reports, inspection of completed dwelling units and assessment of monitoring, training, and technical assistance provided by the grantees. A random sampling of completed units were selected and visits were made to inspect these weatherized dwellings.

  12. Analysis of Wet Weather Related Collision Concentration Locations: Empirical Assessment of Continuous Risk Profile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Soonmi; Chung, Koohong; Ragland, David R; Chan, Ching-Yao

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of Wet Weather Related Collision ConcentrationThe CRP plot displays wet weather related collision profilefactors responsible for wet weather related collisions is

  13. Effects of Weather Variables on Pedestrian Volumes in Alameda County, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attaset, Vanvisa; Schneider, Robert J.; Arnold, Lindsay S.; Ragland, David R

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Telegraph Avenue  Weather Station  Oakland Foothills Oakland Foothills  Several weather variables were derivedCombined Pedestrian Count and Weather Condition Database The

  14. The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Profits and Random Fluctuations in Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deschenes, Olivier; Greenstone, Michael

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coefficient,” Monthly Weather Review, 94(7), 461-465. UnitedRandom Fluctuations in Weather Olivier Deschênes and MichaelRandom Fluctuations in Weather* Olivier Deschênes University

  15. Generating day-of-operation probabilistic capacity scenarios from weather forecasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buxi, Gurkaran

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    user needs for convective weather forecasts," in AmericanJ. Andrews M. Weber, "Weather Information Requirements forInt. Conf. on Aviation Weather, Paris, France. [5] NASDAC. (

  16. Advanced Numerical Weather Prediction Techniques for Solar Irradiance Forecasting : : Statistical, Data-Assimilation, and Ensemble Forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathiesen, Patrick James

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaluation of numerical weather prediction solar irradiancecycle: The RUC. Monthly Weather Review, 132 (2), 495-518.representations. Monthly Weather Review, 139 (6), 1972-1995.

  17. Climate Change, Mortality, and Adaptation: Evidence from Annual Fluctuations in Weather in the US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deschênes, Olivier; Greenstone, Michael

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Random Fluctuations in Weather. ” American Economic Review,Enrico Moretti. 2007. “Extreme Weather Events, Mortality andof the Relation between Weather and Electricity Sales.

  18. Time changes in a subtropical cloud and weather system as revealed by meteorological satellite data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randerson, Darryl

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    United States. The 700-mb humidity chart in Figure 4 shows two very significant features. A narrow band of moist air 2 ~F80 s~oeo? + RO 60 45+M &1 f ) I I. J ~ S gD 40 20 'T fl i I pe ys p C 44 p I f I S+ lt 1 50- sS I'x gO 20 I C... TIROS I photographs as well as con- ventional analysis tools. A zone of maximum relative humidity was noted on the warm side of the axis of maxi- mum winds between the 700-mb and 400-mb levels. The cloud system developed from a poorly organized cloud...

  19. Unified Surface Analysis Manual Weather Prediction Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -bone in stage IV. The stages in the respective cyclone evolutions are separated by approximately 6­ 24 h's) National Weather Service (NWS) were generally based on the Norwegian Cyclone Model (Bjerknes 1919) over below shows a typical evolution according to both models of cyclone development. Conceptual models

  20. Geometric Numerical Methods for Numerical Weather Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langdon, Stephen

    -Mesh (HPM) Method · Label space is discretised into N particles with coordinates on the momentum phase space and Sij = (1 - ^2xx)-1. Geometric Numerical Methods for Numerical Weather Prediction ­ p. 8/28 #12;HPM Equations of shallow water motions · The canonical HPM equations of 1D shallow water motion on TS1 are P

  1. Fermilab | Director's Policy Manual | No. 40.000 Inclement Weather...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    No. 40.000 Rev. 0 Inclement Weather and Snow Policy 2.0 Effective Date 112414 3.0 Scope This policy addresses operations during inclement weather and occurrences of heavy snow at...

  2. Weather conditions affecting VTOL airbus operations in the Northeast Corridor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, R. W.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed study of hourly weather observations in the Northeast Corridor during the periods 0600-2400 for a ten year period 1944-1958 was made to study the implications of weather affecting the operations of a VSTOL Airbus ...

  3. Open problem: Dynamic Relational Models for Improved Hazardous Weather Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGovern, Amy

    dis- covery methods for use on mesoscale weather data. Severe weather phenomena such as tornados, thun of the transportation systems. The annual economic impact of these mesoscale storms is estimated to be greater than $13B

  4. Normalizing Weather Data to Calculate Energy Savings Peer Exchange...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Normalizing Weather Data to Calculate Energy Savings Peer Exchange Call Normalizing Weather Data to Calculate Energy Savings Peer Exchange Call February 26, 2015 3:00PM to 4:3...

  5. Fair-weather clouds hold dirty secret | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fair-weather clouds hold dirty secret Fair-weather clouds hold dirty secret Released: May 05, 2013 New study reveals particles that seed small-scale clouds over Oklahoma Air...

  6. Calibrated Probabilistic Mesoscale Weather Field Forecasting: The Geostatistical Output Perturbation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Calibrated Probabilistic Mesoscale Weather Field Forecasting: The Geostatistical Output. This is typically not feasible for mesoscale weather prediction carried out locally by organizations without by simulating realizations of the geostatistical model. The method is applied to 48-hour mesoscale forecasts

  7. Weather data analysis based on typical weather sequence analysis. Application: energy building simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, Mathieu; Garde, Francois; Boyer, Harry

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In building studies dealing about energy efficiency and comfort, simulation software need relevant weather files with optimal time steps. Few tools generate extreme and mean values of simultaneous hourly data including correlation between the climatic parameters. This paper presents the C++ Runeole software based on typical weather sequences analysis. It runs an analysis process of a stochastic continuous multivariable phenomenon with frequencies properties applied to a climatic database. The database analysis associates basic statistics, PCA (Principal Component Analysis) and automatic classifications. Different ways of applying these methods will be presented. All the results are stored in the Runeole internal database that allows an easy selection of weather sequences. The extreme sequences are used for system and building sizing and the mean sequences are used for the determination of the annual cooling loads as proposed by Audrier-Cros (Audrier-Cros, 1984). This weather analysis was tested with the datab...

  8. Where fast weathering creates thin regolith and slow weathering creates thick regolith

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bazilevskaya, Ekaterina [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Lebedeva, Marina [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Pavich, Milan [U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA; Rother, Gernot [ORNL; Parkinson, D. Y. [Advanced Light Source, LBNL; Cole, David [Ohio State University; Brantley, S. L. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Weathering disaggregates rock into regolith the fractured or granular earthmaterial that sustains life on the continental land surface. Here, we investigate what controls the depth of regolith formed on ridges of two rock compositions with similar initial porosities in Virginia (USA).A priori, we predicted that the regolith on diabasewould be thicker than on granite because the dominant mineral (feldspar) in the diabase weathers faster than its granitic counterpart. However, weathering advanced 20deeper into the granite than the diabase. The 20-thicker regolith is attributed mainly to connected micron-sized pores, microfractures formed around oxidizing biotite at 20m depth, and the lower iron (Fe) content in the felsic rock. Such porosity allows pervasive advection and deep oxidation in the granite. These observations may explainwhy regolithworldwide is thicker on felsic compared tomafic rock under similar conditions. To understand regolith formationwill require better understanding of such deep oxidation reactions and how they impact fluid flow during weathering.

  9. Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Weatherization services are cost-effective, energy efficiency emasures for existing residential and multifamily housing with income-eligible residents.

  10. Solar Ramping Distributions over Multiple Timescales and Weather Patterns (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodge, B. M.; Hummon, M.; Orwig, K.

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation offers new data and statistical analysis of ramping, solar power, and weather patterns in operational systems.

  11. 200,000 homes weatherized under the Recovery Act

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zoi, Cathy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Today Vice President Biden announced that the Weatherization Assistance Program has weatherized 200,000 homes under the Recovery Act. We're taking your questions and comments right now on weatherization. Join in the conversation! *Facebook -- http://www.facebook.com/energygov *Twitter -- http://www.twitter.com/energy

  12. 200,000 homes weatherized under the Recovery Act

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Zoi, Cathy

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Today Vice President Biden announced that the Weatherization Assistance Program has weatherized 200,000 homes under the Recovery Act. We're taking your questions and comments right now on weatherization. Join in the conversation! *Facebook -- http://www.facebook.com/energygov *Twitter -- http://www.twitter.com/energy

  13. JOB OPENING POSITION: TV WeatherCenter Intern (unpaid internship)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Matthew D. Brown

    JOB OPENING POSITION: TV WeatherCenter Intern (unpaid internship) JOB NUMBER: 12081 DIVISION/DEPARTMENT: WRAL-TV - Weather DESCRIPTION: THIS IS AN UNPAID INTERNSHIP. Interns in the WRAL HD Weather of North Carolina. The internship will feature hands-on experience in all aspects of television and radio

  14. Visually Accurate Multi-Field Weather Visualization Purdue University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    -dimensional, and involve global scale phenomena. Less commonly, but no less importantly, weather events are examined weather pat- terns, they are ineffective when examining storm scale weather phe- nomena. Two@cs.utah.edu Jason Levit University of Oklahoma jlevit@ou.edu Figure 1: Time Series of a Cloud Scale Visualization

  15. Impacts of Severe Space Weather on the Electric Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    Impacts of Severe Space Weather on the Electric Grid JASON The MITRE Corporation 7515 Colshire. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Impacts of Severe Space Weather on the Electric Grid 5b. GRANT on the impact of space weather on the electric grid, seeking to understand 1) the current status of solar

  16. The Role of "Citizen Science" in Weather and Climate Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Role of "Citizen Science" in Weather and Climate Research Presented at PPSR 2012 August 4, 2012 50 years of weather records Early Traditions in Citizen Science #12;Benjamin Franklin #12;Joseph stations to help document Climate resources of the country And provide science-based weather forecasts

  17. Towards Dynamically Adaptive Weather Analysis and Forecasting in LEAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plale, Beth

    "mesoscale" weather events. In this paper we discuss an architectural framework that is forming our thinking "mesoscale" weather events. This is accomplished by middleware that facilitates adaptive uti- lization. The meteorology goal of the project is improved prediction of mesoscale weather phenomena; that is, regional scale

  18. Utility-Based Pricing of the Weather Derivatives Hlne Hamisultane *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ;1. Introduction Weather impacts many sectors of the economy such as agriculture, construction, tourism and energy), in 1999. Weather derivatives are financial instruments based on a weather index. They give a payment 0 equal to the cost of the hedging portfolio at time 0. Mathematically, this price corresponds

  19. Kelly M. Nez Ocasio Puerto Rico WeatherCamp 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    Kelly M. Núñez Ocasio Puerto Rico WeatherCamp 2009 My name is Kelly M. Núñez Ocasio, I am 19 years old and in 2009 I had the gratifying opportunity to participate in the NCAS "Puerto Rico Weather Camp-1340 Certification at the University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus. The Puerto Rico Weather Camp

  20. Physics 137, Section 1, Fall Semester Severe and Hazardous Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Physics 137, Section 1, Fall Semester Severe and Hazardous Weather OBSERVATION PROJECTS During project or present one TV-type weather forecast. A list of a few possible observational projects is here of the project, information in the report might include times, dates and places of observations; weather

  1. Inclement Weather Policy School of Medicine and Health Sciences (SMHS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    Inclement Weather Policy School of Medicine and Health Sciences (SMHS) If the University closes and Fellows: In the event of adverse weather, all residents and fellows are required to report (SPHHS) In the event of inclement weather, the School of Public Health and Health Services will follow

  2. CSU ATS703 Fall 2012 Numerical Weather Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CSU ATS703 Fall 2012 Numerical Weather Prediction ATS703 is based on the course notes and papers method. A crucial element of accurate weather prediction is initialization, which is briefly discussed in Chapter 11. In the next decade, numerical weather prediction will expe- rience a revolution in model

  3. Chemical weathering of the Panola Granite: Solute and regolith elemental fluxes and the weathering rate of biotite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chemical weathering of the Panola Granite: Solute and regolith elemental fluxes and the weathering in a saprolitic granite re- golith at Panola, Georgia, USA. Saturated fluid flow across a low-permeability kaolin

  4. Improvements in Near-Terminator and Nocturnal Cloud Masks using Satellite Imager Data over the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trepte, Q.Z.; Minnis, P.; Heck, P.W.; Palikonda, R.

    2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Cloud detection using satellite measurements presents a big challenge near the terminator where the visible (VIS; 0.65 {micro}m) channel becomes less reliable and the reflected solar component of the solar infrared 3.9-{micro}m channel reaches very low signal-to-noise ratio levels. As a result, clouds are underestimated near the terminator and at night over land and ocean in previous Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program cloud retrievals using Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) imager data. Cloud detection near the terminator has always been a challenge. For example, comparisons between the CLAVR-x (Clouds from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer [AVHRR]) cloud coverage and Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) measurements north of 60{sup o}N indicate significant amounts of missing clouds from AVHRR because this part of the world was near the day/night terminator viewed by AVHRR. Comparisons between MODIS cloud products and GLAS at the same regions also shows the same difficulty in the MODIS cloud retrieval (Pavolonis and Heidinger 2005). Consistent detection of clouds at all times of day is needed to provide reliable cloud and radiation products for ARM and other research efforts involving the modeling of clouds and their interaction with the radiation budget. To minimize inconsistencies between daytime and nighttime retrievals, this paper develops an improved twilight and nighttime cloud mask using GOES-9, 10, and 12 imager data over the ARM sites and the continental United States (CONUS).

  5. Large Scale Weather Control Using Nuclear Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh-Modgil, M

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is pointed out that controlled release of thermal energy from fission type nuclear reactors can be used to alter weather patterns over significantly large geographical regions. (1) Nuclear heat creates a low pressure region, which can be used to draw moist air from oceans, onto deserts. (2) Creation of low pressure zones over oceans using Nuclear heat can lead to Controlled Cyclone Creation (CCC).(3) Nuclear heat can also be used to melt glaciers and control water flow in rivers.

  6. Large Scale Weather Control Using Nuclear Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moninder Singh Modgil

    2002-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    It is pointed out that controlled release of thermal energy from fission type nuclear reactors can be used to alter weather patterns over significantly large geographical regions. (1) Nuclear heat creates a low pressure region, which can be used to draw moist air from oceans, onto deserts. (2) Creation of low pressure zones over oceans using Nuclear heat can lead to Controlled Cyclone Creation (CCC).(3) Nuclear heat can also be used to melt glaciers and control water flow in rivers.

  7. WEATHER-ADJUSTED PERFORMANCE GUARANTEES Matt Hollingsworth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Richard R.

    . Of these factors, the most unpredictable variable affecting PV output over time is the quantity of solar radiation (lat=37.35, long=-121.95) based on data from the SolarAnywhere® [2] satellite based irradiance for solar resource when creating guarantees in order to protect them against the risk created by solar

  8. Weatherization Assistance Program Technical Assistance Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Adams

    2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The following is a synopsis of the major achievements attributed to the operation of the Weatherization Assistance Program Technical Assistance Center (WAPTAC) by the National Association for State Community Services Programs (NASCSP). During the past five years, the WAPTAC has developed into the premier source for information related to operating the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) at the state and local levels. The services provide through WAPTAC include both virtual technical support as well as hands-on training and instruction in classroom and in the field. The WAPTAC achieved several important milestones during its operation including the establishment of a national Weatherization Day now celebrated in most states, the implementation of a comprehensive Public Information Campaign (PIC) to raise the awareness of the Program among policy makers and the public, the training of more than 150 new state managers and staff as they assume their duties in state offices around the country, and the creation and support of a major virtual information source on the Internet being accessed by thousands of staff each month. The Weatherization Assistance Program Technical Assistance Center serves the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program as a valuable training and technical assistance resource for the network of 54 direct state grantees (50 states, District of Columbia and three Native American tribes) and the network of 900 local subgrantees (comprised of community action agencies, units of local government, and other non-profit organizations). The services provided through WAPTAC focus on standardizing and improving the daily management of the WAP. Staff continually identify policies changes and best practices to help the network improve its effectiveness and enhance the benefits of the Program for the customers who receive service and the federal and private investors. The operations of WAPTAC are separated into six distinct areas: (1) Orientation for New WAP State Directors and Staff; (2) Pollution Occurrence Insurance Project; (3) Public Information Campaign; (4) State Management Training Project; (5) System for Integrating and Reviewing Technologies and Techniques; and (6) WAPTAC Services.

  9. Weatherization Assistance Program - Background Data and Statistics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This technical memorandum is intended to provide readers with information that may be useful in understanding the purposes, performance, and outcomes of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Weatherization Assistance Program (Weatherization). Weatherization has been in operation for over thirty years and is the nation's largest single residential energy efficiency program. Its primary purpose, established by law, is 'to increase the energy efficiency of dwellings owned or occupied by low-income persons, reduce their total residential energy expenditures, and improve their health and safety, especially low-income persons who are particularly vulnerable such as the elderly, the handicapped, and children.' The American Reinvestment and Recovery Act PL111-5 (ARRA), passed and signed into law in February 2009, committed $5 Billion over two years to an expanded Weatherization Assistance Program. This has created substantial interest in the program, the population it serves, the energy and cost savings it produces, and its cost-effectiveness. This memorandum is intended to address the need for this kind of information. Statistically valid answers to many of the questions surrounding Weatherization and its performance require comprehensive evaluation of the program. DOE is undertaking precisely this kind of independent evaluation in order to ascertain program effectiveness and to improve its performance. Results of this evaluation effort will begin to emerge in late 2010 and 2011, but they require substantial time and effort. In the meantime, the data and statistics in this memorandum can provide reasonable and transparent estimates of key program characteristics. The memorandum is laid out in three sections. The first deals with some key characteristics describing low-income energy consumption and expenditures. The second section provides estimates of energy savings and energy bill reductions that the program can reasonably be presumed to be producing. The third section deals with estimates of program cost-effectiveness and societal impacts such as carbon reduction and reduced national energy consumption. Each of the sections is brief, containing statistics, explanatory graphics and tables as appropriate, and short explanations of the statistics in order to place them in context for the reader. The companion appendices at the back of the memorandum explain the methods and sources used in developing the statistics.

  10. ERCOT's Weather Sensitive Demand Response Pilot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, T.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ERCOT’s Weather Sensitive Demand Response Pilot CATEE 12-17-13 ESL-KT-13-12-21 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Disclaimer The information contained in this report has been obtained from... services along with other information about our business is available online at constellation.com. ESL-KT-13-12-21 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Demand Response in ERCOT CATEE 121313 - Tim Carter...

  11. Response to Weatherization Questions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingof Enhanced Dr.Response to Weatherization Questions

  12. ORNL Weatherization Program Evaluation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth AmericaNorthwest RuralNujiraSolarORNL Weatherization

  13. Inupiat Weather Expertise Lesson.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn OtherEnergyBPA-Film-Collection Sign InIñupiat Weather

  14. Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program (WIPP): Technical Assistance Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hollander, A.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Office (WIPO) launched the Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program (WIPP) to accelerate innovations in whole-house weatherization and advance DOE's goal of increasing the energy efficiency and health and safety of low-income residences without the utilization of additional taxpayer funding. Sixteen WIPP grantees were awarded a total of $30 million in Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) funds in September 2010. These projects focused on: including nontraditional partners in weatherization service delivery; leveraging significant non-federal funding; and improving the effectiveness of low-income weatherization through the use of new materials, technologies, behavior-change models, and processes.

  15. Obama Administration Delivers More than $63 Million for Weatherization...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and Reinvestment Act to expand weatherization assistance programs in Indiana and New Mexico. The funding, along with additional funds to be disbursed after the states meet...

  16. Memorandum of Understanding On Weather-Dependent and Oceanic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Memorandum of Understanding On Weather-Dependent and Oceanic Renewable Energy Resources between the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and...

  17. Test Procedure for UV Weathering Resistance of Backsheet

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    NREL PVRWS 2013 % 2013 Feb. 27 % Test Procedure for UV Weathering % Resistance of Backsheet % Kusato Hirota, Michiko Tanaka, Takao Amioka, Miki Terada % Toray Industries, Inc. %...

  18. Effective Energy Behavior Change for Low-Income Weatherization Clients

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document contains the transcript for the Effective Energy Behavior Change for Low-Income Weatherization Clients webinar presented on May 31, 2012.

  19. Presentation at the Weatherization Program Deep Dive Briefing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    thanks to high tech metamorphous Volunteer Labor Highly trained workforce Caulk, plastic window coverings, weather- stripping entire home Targeted approach to installing most...

  20. New Jersey Training Workers to Weatherize Homes | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? Recovery Act-funded training programs will create weatherization workforce for hundreds and lower bills for...

  1. Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program Fact Sheet - Ohio Success...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    documenting the success of the People Working CooperativelyWIPP partnership. ohiosuccessstory.pdf More Documents & Publications Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program Fact...

  2. Appendix K- GPRA06 Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) Documentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    State Energy Program Grants & Energy Activities; Weatherization Assistance Grants; Gateway Deployment; Intergovernmental Activities; Market Factor in Technology Impact Projections; I&I Energy Savings Results

  3. #tipsEnergy: Weatherizing Your Home for Fall

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With the start of colder weather, we are sharing fall energy-saving tips that will help you save money and stay comfortable.

  4. Princeton and PPPL launch center to study volatile space weather...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Princeton and PPPL launch center to study volatile space weather and violent solar storms By John Greenwald December 12, 2013 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook...

  5. accelerated weathering tests: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    managed by the National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL), the Storm Prediction Center (SPC), and the NWS Oklahoma CityNorman Weather Forecast Xue, Ming 30 Testing General...

  6. Optimization Online - Data Assimilation in Weather Forecasting: A ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Fisher

    2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 14, 2007 ... Data Assimilation in Weather Forecasting: A Case Study in PDE-Constrained Optimization. M. Fisher(Mike.Fisher ***at*** ecmwf.int)

  7. Subscribe to Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program Office Newsletters

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Get email subscriptions to the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program Office Newsletters, Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Project Updates and State and Local Technical Assistance Program Alerts.

  8. EXTENSIONS OF GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELING APPROACH TO STOCHASTIC WEATHER GENERATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    weather) -- Software R open source statistical programming language: Function glm "Family;(2) Generalized Linear Models Statistical Framework -- Multiple Regression Analysis (Linear model or LM) Response

  9. Global warming, bad weather, insurance losses and the global economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Low, N.C. [UOB Life Assurance Ltd., Singapore (Singapore); Shen, S. [Global Warming International Center, Woodridge, IL (United States)

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global warming causes extremely bad weather in the near term. The impact on the insurance industry is described. Why global warming in the near term causes very bad weather is explained. The continuing trend of very bad weather and the future impact on the insurance industry is explored. How very bad weather can affect the global financial market is explained. Taking a historical view of the development of the modern economy, the authors describe in the near term the impact of global warming on the global economy. The long term impact of global warming on the global economy and the human race is explored. Opportunities presented by global warming are described.

  10. Satellite-Based Quantum Communications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, Richard J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nordholt, Jane E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; McCabe, Kevin P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Newell, Raymond T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Peterson, Charles G [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Single-photon quantum communications (QC) offers the attractive feature of 'future proof', forward security rooted in the laws of quantum physics. Ground based quantum key distribution (QKD) experiments in optical fiber have attained transmission ranges in excess of 200km, but for larger distances we proposed a methodology for satellite-based QC. Over the past decade we have devised solutions to the technical challenges to satellite-to-ground QC, and we now have a clear concept for how space-based QC could be performed and potentially utilized within a trusted QKD network architecture. Functioning as a trusted QKD node, a QC satellite ('QC-sat') could deliver secret keys to the key stores of ground-based trusted QKD network nodes, to each of which multiple users are connected by optical fiber or free-space QC. A QC-sat could thereby extend quantum-secured connectivity to geographically disjoint domains, separated by continental or inter-continental distances. In this paper we describe our system concept that makes QC feasible with low-earth orbit (LEO) QC-sats (200-km-2,000-km altitude orbits), and the results of link modeling of expected performance. Using the architecture that we have developed, LEO satellite-to-ground QKD will be feasible with secret bit yields of several hundred 256-bit AES keys per contact. With multiple ground sites separated by {approx} 100km, mitigation of cloudiness over any single ground site would be possible, potentially allowing multiple contact opportunities each day. The essential next step is an experimental QC-sat. A number of LEO-platforms would be suitable, ranging from a dedicated, three-axis stabilized small satellite, to a secondary experiment on an imaging satellite. to the ISS. With one or more QC-sats, low-latency quantum-secured communications could then be provided to ground-based users on a global scale. Air-to-ground QC would also be possible.

  11. CCRS Landcover Maps From Satellite Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Trishchenko, Alexander

    The Canadian Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) presents several landcover maps over the SGP CART site area (32-40N, 92-102W) derived from satellite data including AVHRR, MODIS, SPOT vegetation data, and Landsat satellite TM imagery.

  12. Satellite Radio: Its Global Impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

    Satellite Radio: Its Global Impact TIFR Alumni Lecture By S.Rangarajan #12;1 A wonder called RADIO "No wonder so many physicists started as radio tinkers, and no wonder, before physicist became on Richard Feynmann We will stick to the definition of Radio as · Wireless Audio Delivery ·Listener cannot

  13. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Bureau Hurricane Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Bureau Hurricane Series ERRATA Beltsville, MD 20704-1387 November 6,2007 #12;FRELLMINARY REPORT ON HURRICANE HANNAH SEPJCEMBEIi 28-OCTOBER 6, 1959 !Phe Weather Bureau Hurricane Warning Center at M i d issued the f i r a t advisory on Hurricane

  14. A DETAILLED WEATHER DATA GENERATOR FOR BUILDINGS SIMULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A DETAILLED WEATHER DATA GENERATOR FOR BUILDINGS SIMULATION L. ADELARD*, H. BOYER, F. GARDE, J@iremia.univ-reunion.fr Abstract Thermal buildings simulation softwares need meteorological files in thermal comfort, energetic@iremia.univ-reunion.fr #12;1 A DETAILLED WEATHER DATA GENERATOR FOR BUILDINGS SIMULATION L. Adelard*, H. Boyer, F. Garde, J

  15. Lithium Isotope History of Cenozoic Seawater: Changes in Silicate Weathering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paytan, Adina

    Lithium Isotope History of Cenozoic Seawater: Changes in Silicate Weathering and Reverse Weathering 70 Ma · Overview of the Marine Lithium Cycle · Analytical Challenges · 68 Million Year Seawater Lithium Isotope Record (Forams) · Interpretation Standard: NIST L-SVEC Li (SRM 8545) #12;100 Ma Climate

  16. EIS-0095: Bonneville Power Administration's Expanded Residential Weatherization Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Bonneville Power Administration prepared this statement to examine the environmental impacts of an expansion of the existing Residential Weatherization Program to include air-infiltration reducing (tightening) measures, such as storm windows and doors, insulation, weather-stripping and other improvements.

  17. A weatherization manual for LIHEAP policy makers and program administrators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witherspoon, M.J.; Marabate, R.; Weinhaus, M. [National Association for State Community Service Programs, Washington, DC (United States)] [National Association for State Community Service Programs, Washington, DC (United States); Eisenberg, J.F. [Economic Opportunity Research Inst., Arlington, VA (United States)] [Economic Opportunity Research Inst., Arlington, VA (United States)

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This manual is designed to provide Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) directors with information about weatherization and innovative ways they can utilize LIHEAP funds for weatherization activities. It contains a description of innovative weatherization programs which demonstrate creative uses of LIHEAP funds in weatherization activities. In many of the innovative examples, state and local administrators are coordinating their LIHEAP funds with the US Department of Energy (DOE) Low-Income Weatherization Assistance Program`s funding and with a variety of other federal, state and utility company resources. The innovative programs demonstrate how LIHEAP funds can be used in client education, targeting high energy users, staff training, assessment and audits for weatherization services. The reader will find in the appendices lists of contact persons and further descriptions of the programs highlighted. Although designed with LIHEAP directors in mind, the practices and programs highlighted in this manual are of practical use to any state, local or utility weatherization program administrator. The glossary at the end of the descriptive chapters will assist readers with the terminology used throughout the manual. This manual and the many resource entities cited in its appendices provide ready access to a wealth of state-of-the-art information which could lead to a more cost-effective expenditure of LIBEAP weatherization dollars.

  18. GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELING APPROACH TO STOCHASTIC WEATHER GENERATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    ) Multisites (Spatial dependence of daily weather) -- Software R open source statistical programming language (Capable of "reproducing" any desired statistic) -- Disadvantages Synthetic weather looks too much like") Not amenable to uncertainty analysis #12;#12;#12;(2) Generalized Linear Models · Statistical Framework

  19. How Climate Change is Playing Out in Minnesota: Extreme Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    How Climate Change is Playing Out in Minnesota: Extreme Weather Dr. Mark Seeley Dept of Soil, Water Climate Headlines Data Sources Changing Minnesota Climate Features Climate Consequences Implications for Severe Weather #12;Three Reasons to Accept That Climate Change is Real #12;#12;Stationary (1) Cyclical (2

  20. Climatology of extreme rainfall from rain gauges and weather radar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    by conventional rain gauge networks. A 10-year radar-based climatology of rainfall depths for durations of 15 minClimatology of extreme rainfall from rain gauges and weather radar Aart Overeem #12;Thesis:30 PM in the Aula #12;Aart Overeem Climatology of extreme rainfall from rain gauges and weather radar

  1. air pollution weather: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    air pollution weather First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Synoptic weather patterns and...

  2. Satellite Meteorology and Climatology Division Roadmap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuligowski, Bob

    Satellite Meteorology and Climatology Division Roadmap NOAA NESDIS Center for Satellite Applications and Research #12;SMCD Roadmap 2 NOAA/NESDIS/STAR Satellite Meteorology and Climatology Division Roadmap September 2005 NOAA Science Center, 5200 Auth Road, Room 712, Camp Springs, MD 20746 #12;SMCD

  3. WHAT TO DO DURING SEVERE WEATHER WHILE ON CAMPUS If you observe a tornado/severe weather, you hear tornado sirens sound or receive a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    WHAT TO DO DURING SEVERE WEATHER WHILE ON CAMPUS If you observe a tornado/severe weather, you hear Clear Emergency Notification Text: OU Alert: The weather danger has passed. You may resume normal activity. New this season is our 2014 Severe Weather Procedure for Particularly Dangerous Storm (PDS

  4. Weathering of Roofing Materials-An Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berdahl, Paul; Akbari, Hashem; Levinson, Ronnen; Miller, William A.

    2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview of several aspects of the weathering of roofing materials is presented. Degradation of materials initiated by ultraviolet radiation is discussed for plastics used in roofing, as well as wood and asphalt. Elevated temperatures accelerate many deleterious chemical reactions and hasten diffusion of material components. Effects of moisture include decay of wood, acceleration of corrosion of metals, staining of clay, and freeze-thaw damage. Soiling of roofing materials causes objectionable stains and reduces the solar reflectance of reflective materials. (Soiling of non-reflective materials can also increase solar reflectance.) Soiling can be attributed to biological growth (e.g., cyanobacteria, fungi, algae), deposits of organic and mineral particles, and to the accumulation of flyash, hydrocarbons and soot from combustion.

  5. Peoria Housing Authority(PHA) Weatherization Training Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillip Chrismon; Jason Dollarhide

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Weatherization Training Project's goal is to obtain a solid foundation of administrative and technical knowledge so the Peoria Housing Authority (PHA) can establish and implement a successful Weatherization Program by 2011. The DOE weatherization Training Project's two objectives are to (1) build PHA's capabilities by (2) developing its staff members capacities via the acquisition of weatherization skills and competencies. The impacts from this project include: (a) the improvement and expansion of PHA staff skills, (b) the overall enhancement of the quality of the PHA workforce, which will (c) foster employment, (d) the ability to properly weatherize PHA housing stock, tribal buildings, and tribal members houses, which will (e) result in reduced energy use, and (f) improved tribal and household economies.

  6. Human-centered systems analysis of aircraft separation from adverse weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigeant-Langlois, Laurence, 1974-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adverse weather significantly impacts the safety and efficiency of flight operations. Weather information plays a key role in mitigating the impact of adverse weather on flight operations by supporting air transportation ...

  7. Evaluation of numerical weather prediction for intra-day solar forecasting in the continental United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathiesen, Patrick; Kleissl, Jan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    transport and  numerical weather modeling.   J.  Applied cross correlations.    Weather and Forecasting, 8:4, 401?of radiation for numerical weather prediction and climate 

  8. Winter Weather Preparedness Have a Plan -Make a Kit -Stay Informed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    Winter Weather Preparedness Have a Plan - Make a Kit - Stay Informed during winter weather. Move livestock to sheltered areas with non-frozen drinking. If necessary insulate walls and attic. Caulk and weather-strip doors and windowsills

  9. Impact of vegetation properties on U.S. summer weather prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Y; Fennessy, M; sellers, P

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Meteorological Center, Mon. Weather Rev. , 108, 1279-1292,VEGETATION IN U.S. SUMMER WEATHER model (SIB) for use withinConference on Numerical Weather Prediction, pp. 726 -733,

  10. An Equilibrium Pricing Model for Weather Derivatives in a Multi-commodity Setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yongheon; Oren, Shmuel S.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    e?ects and valuation of weather derivatives. The FinancialWei, J. (1999). Pricing weather derivative: an equilibrium2005). An introduction to cme weather products. www.cme.com/

  11. Weatherized Homes Saving Money for Families Across the U.S.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    750 thousand homes have been weatherized over the past three years through the Department's Weatherization Assistance Program, saving families $400 a year on their heating and cooling bills.

  12. Accelerated Weathering of High-Level and Plutonium-bearing Lanthanide...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Weathering of High-Level and Plutonium-bearing Lanthanide Borosilicate Waste Glasses under Hydraulically Unsaturated Accelerated Weathering of High-Level and Plutonium-bearing...

  13. Survey and Analysis of Weather Data for Building Energy Simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhandari, Mahabir S [ORNL; Shrestha, Som S [ORNL; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, calibrated energy modeling of residential and commercial buildings has gained importance in a retrofit-dominated market. Accurate weather data plays an important role in this calibration process and projected energy savings. It would be ideal to measure weather data at the building location to capture relevant microclimate variation but this is generally considered cost-prohibitive. There are data sources publicly available with high temporal sampling rates but at relatively poor geospatial sampling locations. To overcome this limitation, there are a growing number of service providers that claim to provide real time and historical weather data for 20-35 km2 grid across the globe. Unfortunately, there is limited documentation from 3rd-party sources attesting to the accuracy of this data. This paper compares provided weather characteristics with data collected from a weather station inaccessible to the service providers. Monthly average dry bulb temperature; relative humidity; direct, diffuse and horizontal solar radiation; and wind speed are statistically compared. Moreover, we ascertain the relative contributions of each weather variable and its impact on building loads. Annual simulations are calculated for three different building types, including a closely monitored and automated energy efficient research building. The comparison shows that the difference for an individual variable can be as high as 90%. In addition, annual building energy consumption can vary by 7% while monthly building loads can vary by 40% as a function of the provided location s weather data.

  14. Progress report of the National Weatherization Assistance Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berry, L.G.; Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kinney, L.F. [Synertech Systems Corp. (United States)

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Weatherization Evaluation of the 1989 Program Year and the Metaevaluation of 1996 are described in two ways in this summary document. The text pages summarize the results of the two evaluations conducted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The photographs and explanations illustrate weatherization operations and tactics. An overview and history of the program is provided, followed by the scope of weatherization, metaevaluation methods and results for 1996, national evaluation methods and results for 1989, response to evaluation findings, remaining opportunities, and next steps. Conclusions and significant findings are then given.

  15. More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    been busy replacing old furnaces, sealing air leaks, and weathering stripped doors for people who are at or below 200 percent of the federal poverty line, with priority given to...

  16. Solar Diagnostics for a Space Weather Monique Pick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solar Diagnostics for a Space Weather program Monique Pick LESIA, Observatoire de Paris EGU 2004 #12;· Solar flares and CMEs: sources of major SW effects · Focuss on CMEs ( Earth effects: 2-4 days

  17. Development of an omni-directional weather-monitoring anemometer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Vijay

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    measurement accuracy assessed in a calibration facility. All associated instrumentation was assembled from the ground up and ruggedized for harsh-weather applications. Field tests performed over many days next to a 3-D sonic anemometer showed good agreement...

  18. Haywood EMC- Residential Heat Pump and Weatherization Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Haywood EMC offers a low interest loan to their residential customers to finance the purchase of an energy efficient heat pump and certain weatherization measures. The current interest rate is 5%...

  19. The Addition of Graphene to Polymer Coatings for Improved Weathering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuraje, Nurxat

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphene nanoflakes in different weight percentages were added to polyurethane top coatings, and the coatings were evaluated relative to exposure to two different experimental conditions: one a QUV accelerated weathering ...

  20. Weatherization Subgrantees Reach More N.Y. Homes | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    22, 2010 - 4:37pm Addthis Lindsay Gsell Thanks to funds from the Recovery Act, New York expanded its network of weatherization subgrantees. The state has added nine additional...

  1. Ringing in the rain : an agent based weather warning system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Chao-Chi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    People's daily lives are impacted by lots of dynamic environmental information, such as weather and traffic. Though most of this information is available on the Internet, there is no easy way for someone to access it while ...

  2. Identification of Robust Terminal-Area Routes in Convective Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishnan, Hamsa

    Convective weather is responsible for large delays and widespread disruptions in the U.S. National Airspace System, especially during summer. Traffic flow management algorithms require reliable forecasts of route blockage ...

  3. Identification of Robust Routes using Convective Weather Forcasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Diana

    Convective weather is responsible for large delays and widespread disruptions in the U.S. National Airspace System (NAS), especially during summer months when travel demand is high. This has been the motivation for Air ...

  4. Lane Electric Cooperative- Residential and Commercial Weatherization Grant Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lane Electric Cooperative offers energy efficient Weatherization Grant Programs to Lane Electric residential and commercial members: a residential cash grant for 25% of measure costs up to $1,000,...

  5. Community-Based Social Marketing for Weatherization Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A webinar by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Senior Project Manager Amy Hollander on how to create a weatherization program that fosters sustainable behaviors in a community for saving energy.

  6. The development of an objective weather typing scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaFebre, Robert Donald

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ). These classifications often increase our understanding of atmospheric phenomena. The fundamental objective of all systems of classification is to obtain the least variability within the groups and the maximum differences among them. It follows that the groups... metropolitan areas, and the passage of frontal systems. He found that above normal mortality is associated with pre-frontal weather in the northcentral and northeastern United States. It should be noted that weather effects are but one small element in a...

  7. Satellite Ecology: The Dearth of Environment Dependence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank C. van den Bosch; Anna Pasquali; Xiaohu Yang; H. J. Mo; Simone Weinmann; Daniel H. McIntosh; Daniel Aquino

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) galaxy group catalogue of Yang et al. (2007), we study the average colour and average concentration of satellite galaxies as function of (i) their stellar mass, (ii) their group mass, and (iii) their group-centric radius. We find that the colours and concentrations of satellite galaxies are (almost) completely determined by their stellar mass. In particular, at fixed stellar mass, the average colours and concentrations of satellite galaxies are independent of either halo mass or halo-centric radius. We find clear evidence for mass segregation of satellite galaxies in haloes of all masses, and argue that this explains why satellites at smaller halo-centric radii are somewhat redder and somewhat more concentrated. In addition, the weak colour and concentration dependence of satellite galaxies on halo mass is simply a reflection of the fact that more massive haloes host, on average, more massive satellites. Combining these results with the fact that satellite galaxies are, on average, redder and somewhat more concentrated than central galaxies of the same stellar mass, the following picture emerges: galaxies become redder and somewhat more concentrated once they fall into a bigger halo (i.e., once they become a satellite galaxy). This is a clear manifestation of environment dependence. However, there is no indication that the magnitude of the transformation (or its timescale) depends on environment; a galaxy undergoes a transition when it becomes a satellite, but it does not matter whether it becomes a satellite of a small (Milky Way sized) halo, or of a massive cluster. We discuss the implication of this `dearth' of environment dependence for the physical processes responsible for transforming satellite galaxies.

  8. Keys to success: Ten case studies of effective weatherization programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M.A.; Berry, L.G.; Kolb, J.O.; White, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kinney, L.F.; Wilson, T. [Synertech Systems Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States)

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1990, DOE initiated a nationwide evaluation of its Weatherization Program, with assistance from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and an advisory group of 40 weatherization professionals, program managers, and researchers. The evaluation is comprised of three impact studies covering the Program`s major market segments: Single-family homes, mobile homes, and dwellings in small (2 to 4-unit) multifamily buildings (the Single-Family Study), Single-family homes heated primarily with fuel oil (the Fuel-Oil Study), and Dwellings in buildings with five or more units (the Multifamily Study). The Single-Family Study, the subject of this report, is a critical part of this coordinated evaluation effort. Its focus on single-family dwellings, mobile homes, and dwellings in small multifamily buildings covers 83% of the income-eligible population and 96% of the dwellings weatherized during Program Year 1989. The first phase of the Single-Family Study involved the analysis of a massive data base of information collected from 368 local weatherization agencies and 543 electric and gas utilities. This analysis resulted in energy-saving and cost-effectiveness estimates for the Weatherization Program and the identification of a set of ten high-performing agencies located throughout the country. The second phase, which is the subject of this report, involves a ``process`` evaluation of these ten high performers, aimed at identifying those weatherization practices that explain their documented success.

  9. The Weatherization Assistant User's Manual (Version 8.9)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gettings, Michael B [ORNL; Malhotra, Mini [ORNL; Ternes, Mark P [ORNL

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Weatherization Assistant is a Windows-based energy audit software tool that was developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to help states and their local weatherization agencies implement the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program. The Weatherization Assistant is an umbrella program for two individual energy audits or measure selection programs: the National Energy Audit Tool (NEAT) for site-built single-family homes and the Manufactured Home Energy Audit (MHEA) for mobile homes. The Weatherization Assistant User's Manual documents the operation of the user interface for Version 8.9 of the software. This includes how to install and setup the software, navigate through the program, and initiate an energy audit. All of the user interface forms associated with the software and the data fields on these forms are described in detail. The manual is intended to be a training manual for new users of the Weatherization Assistant and as a reference manual for experienced users.

  10. Mineral-specific chemical weathering rates over millennial timescales: Measurements at Rio Icacos, Puerto Rico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirchner, James W.

    Mineral-specific chemical weathering rates over millennial timescales: Measurements at Rio Icacos 2010 Accepted 26 July 2010 Editor: J.D. Blum Keywords: Chemical weathering Mineral weathering Cosmogenic nuclides Rio Icacos Puerto Rico Mineral weathering plays a prominent role in many biogeochemical

  11. Phys1063-Physics of Weather August 23, 2010 S. Boyd Page 1 of 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sylke

    Phys1063-Physics of Weather August 23, 2010 S. Boyd Page 1 of 4 Physics of Weather Credit: 4 and air masses, thunderstorms, tornadoes, past and present climate, weather forecasting, problems requirements. #12;Phys1063-Physics of Weather August 23, 2010 S. Boyd Page 2 of 4 F (or N) -- Represents

  12. Dynamics of the Galaxy's Satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Binney

    2000-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Milky Way's satellites provide unique information about the density of the Galactic halo at large radii. The inclusion of even a few rather inaccurate proper motions resolves an ambiguity in older mass estimates in favour of higher values. Many of the satellites are concentrated into streams. The dynamics of the Magellanic Stream provided an early indication that the halo reaches out to beyond 100 kpc. Tidal forces between the Clouds are currently disturbing the Clouds' internal dynamics. One would expect this damage to worsen rapidly as the tidal field of the MW excites the eccentricity of the Clouds' mutual orbit. This process, which has yet to be completely modelled, is important for understanding the degree of self-lensing in searches for gravitational lensing events. The Sagittarius Dwarf galaxy very likely contributes significantly to the Galactic warp. The direction of the warp's line of nodes is incorrectly predicted by the simplest models of the Dwarf's orbit. More sophisticated models, in which a complex distribution of stripped dark matter is predicted, may be more successful.

  13. 10.1177/0270467604273366BULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / February 2005Byrne, Glover / ELLUL AND THE WEATHER Ellul and the Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    10.1177/0270467604273366BULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / February 2005Byrne, Glover / ELLUL AND THE WEATHER Ellul and the Weather John Byrne Leigh Glover Center for Energy and Environmental

  14. Satellite Navigation Integrity Assurance: Lessons Learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Satellite Navigation Integrity Assurance: Lessons Learned from Hurricane Katrina ION GNSS 2008 by the FAA Satellite Navigation Program Office #12;17 September 2008 Lessons Learned from Hurricane Katrina 2 for probabilistic modeling and analysis #12;17 September 2008 Lessons Learned from Hurricane Katrina 3 Key Sources

  15. Satellite Eye for Galathea 3 -Slutrapport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satellite Eye for Galathea 3 - Slutrapport Charlotte Bay Hasager, Peter Brøgger Sørensen, Jacob L Abstract (in English) (max. 2000 char.): The Satellite Eye for Galathea 3 project started on the 10th March August 2006. The expedition lasted in total 256 days (8 months), and the Satelitte Eye project continued

  16. Capture of Irregular Satellites at Jupiter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesvorny, D; Deienno, R

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The irregular satellites of outer planets are thought to have been captured from heliocentric orbits. The exact nature of the capture process, however, remains uncertain. We examine the possibility that irregular satellites were captured from the planetesimal disk during the early Solar System instability when encounters between the outer planets occurred (Nesvorny, Vokrouhlicky & Morbidelli 2007, AJ 133; hereafter NVM07). NVM07 already showed that the irregular satellites of Saturn, Uranus and Neptune were plausibly captured during planetary encounters. Here we find that the current instability models present favorable conditions for capture of irregular satellites at Jupiter as well, mainly because Jupiter undergoes a phase of close encounters with an ice giant. We show that the orbital distribution of bodies captured during planetary encounters provides a good match to the observed distribution of irregular satellites at Jupiter. The capture efficiency for each particle in the original transplanetary d...

  17. Land surface skin temperatures from a combined analysis of microwave and infrared satellite observations for an all-weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are homogeneous over large scales, with nearly constant albe- dos, high heat capacity, and infinite moisture supply. In contrast, land surfaces are highly variable in space, have lower heat capacity and limited vapor, cloud liquid water, and surface emissivities over land from a combined analysis of Special Sensor

  18. Gas Shepherding by an Infalling Satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Chang

    2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    I calculate the action of a satellite, infalling through dynamical friction, on a coplanar gaseous disk of finite radial extent. The disk tides, raised by the infalling satellite, couple the satellite and disk. Dynamical friction acting on the satellite then shrinks the radius of the coupled satellite-disk system. Thus, the gas is ``shepherded'' to smaller radii. In addition, gas shepherding produces a large surface density enhancement at the disk edge. If the disk edge then becomes gravitationally unstable and fragments, it may give rise to enhanced star formation. On the other hand, if the satellite is sufficiently massive and dense, the gas may be transported from $\\sim 100$ pc to inside of a 10 to 10s of parsecs before completely fragmenting into stars. I argue that gas shepherding may drive the fueling of active galaxies and central starbursts and I compare this scenario to competing scenarios. I argue that sufficiently large and dense super star clusters (acting as the shepherding satellites) can shepherd a gas disk down to ten to tens of parsecs. Inside of ten to tens of parsecs, another mechanism may operate, i.e., cloud-cloud collisions or a marginally (gravitationally) stable disk, that drives the gas $\\lesssim 1$ pc, where it can be viscously accreted, feeding a central engine.

  19. Program evaluation: Weatherization Residential Assistance Partnership (WRAP) Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacobson, Bonnie B.; Lundien, Barbara; Kaufman, Jeffrey; Kreczko, Adam; Ferrey, Steven; Morgan, Stephen

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Weatherization Residential Assistance Partnership,'' or WRAP program, is a fuel-blind conservation program designed to assist Northeast Utilities' low-income customers to use energy safely and efficiently. Innovative with respect to its collaborative approach and its focus on utilizing and strengthening the existing low-income weatherization service delivery network, the WRAP program offers an interesting model to other utilities which traditionally have relied on for-profit energy service contractors and highly centralized program implementation structures. This report presents appendices with surveys, participant list, and computers program to examine and predict potential energy savings.

  20. Attic or Roof? An Evaluation of Two Advanced Weatherization Packages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, K.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project examines implementation of advanced retrofit measures in the context of a large-scale weatherization program and the archetypal Chicago brick bungalow. One strategy applies best practice air sealing methods and a standard insulation method to the attic floor. The other strategy creates an unvented roof assembly using materials and methods typically available to weatherization contractors. Through implementations of the retrofit strategies in a total of eight (8) test homes, the research found that the two different strategies achieve similar reductions in air leakage measurement (55%) and predicted energy performance (18%) relative to the pre-retrofit conditions.

  1. Natural Priors, CMSSM Fits and LHC Weather Forecasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allanach, B C; Cranmer, Kyle; Lester, Christopher G; Weber, Arne M

    2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    ar X iv :0 70 5. 04 87 v3 [ he p- ph ] 5 J ul 20 07 Preprint typeset in JHEP style - HYPER VERSION DAMTP-2007-18 Cavendish-HEP-2007-03 MPP-2007-36 Natural Priors, CMSSM Fits and LHC Weather Forecasts Benjamin C Allanach1, Kyle Cranmer2... ’s likely discoveries. There are big differences between nature of the questions answered by a forecast, and the ques- tions that will be answered by the experiments themselves when they have acquired compelling data. A weather forecast predicting “severe...

  2. Data Assimilation in Weather Forecasting: A Case Study in PDE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of atmospheric data, increased computational power, and the continued im- provement of ... speed, and radiances, and are taken from satellites, buoys, planes, boats, ..... there is a large difference in cost between these two operations

  3. Evaluation of the Repeatability of the Delta Q Duct Leakage Testing Technique Including Investigation of Robust Analysis Techniques and Estimates of Weather Induced Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerhoff, Darryl

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Techniques and Estimates of Weather Induced Uncertaintythe uncertainty due to changing weather during the test (the DeltaQ test are influenced by weather induced pressures.

  4. The Impact of IBM Cell Technology on the Programming Paradigm in the Context of Computer Systems for Climate and Weather Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shujia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acceleration of Numerical Weather Prediction,” ProceedingsComputer Systems for Climate and Weather Models Shujia Zhouprocesses in climate and weather models demands a continual

  5. NASA Launches New Earth Observation Satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    Goddard View The Weekly ­ 2 NASA Launches New Earth Observation Satellite ­ 3 3-D printing Creates Complex free online access to the information. This revolution has al- lowed scientists to detect changes over

  6. Emerging trends in the satellite industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salazar, Vagn Knudsen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk aversion in the satellite industry has fostered long development cycles and low rates of innovation in the past. Emerging trends in propulsion technology development and spacecraft architecture design could lead to ...

  7. Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry with 3 satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Wallace D. (Wallace Dazheng)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our study investigates interferometric SAR (InSAR) post-processing height retrieval techniques. We explore the possible improvements by adding a third satellite to the two already in orbit, and examine some potential uses ...

  8. Dynamics and control of electromagnetic satellite formations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahsun, Umair, 1972-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Satellite formation flying is an enabling technology for many space missions, especially for space-based telescopes. Usually there is a tight formation-keeping requirement that may need constant expenditure of fuel or at ...

  9. MFR PAPER 1230 Finding Fish With Satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sensors, fishing vessels , spotter pilots, research vessels, and offshore oil platforms were used Investigation? A. It is an attempt to find out if satellites can help fishermen find fish. Our assumption

  10. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Bureau Hurricane Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Bureau Hurricane Series ERRATA Beltsville, MD 20704-1387 November 6,2007 #12;YRKLXMINARY RET'OHT ON HURRICANE CLEO AUGUST 1.4-~9,1958 The existence af Hurricane "Cleo" i n the Atlantic som 900 milee e a ~ tof the Antflles (near 1 4 . 6 ~ ,47

  11. ITEP Webinar: Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Attend this Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals (ITEP) webinar and hear about the known variability in extreme weather such as excessive heat, cold waves, floods, droughts, hurricanes, severe thunderstorms and tornadoes. Projections and uncertainties of how these hazards might change due to global warming will be reviewed.

  12. The Link between Clay Mineral Weathering and the Stabilization of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    The Link between Clay Mineral Weathering and the Stabilization of Ni Surface Precipitates R O B E R 19717 The formation of transition-metal surface precipitates may occur during sorption to clay minerals formation are poorly understood. We monitored changes in the reversibility of Ni sorbed to a clay mineral

  13. A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF WEATHER ON THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loon, E. Emiel van

    conditions (Bouten et al. 2003). This model will be used by experts as a decision support tool to reduceA COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF WEATHER ON THE FLIGHT ALTITUDES OF BIRDS Meteorological/Bash/stats.html). The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has long acknowledged the risk of bird hazards to civil

  14. The Galactic Center Weather Forecast M. Moscibrodzka1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gammie, Charles F.

    The Galactic Center Weather Forecast M. Mo´scibrodzka1 , H. Shiokawa2 , C. F. Gammie2,3 , J*. The > 3M cloud will #12;­ 2 ­ interact strongly with gas near nominal pericenter at rp 300AU 8000GM/c2 transient phase while the flow circularizes-- accompanied by transient emission--it is natural to think

  15. Space weather and the electricity market: An initial assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    Space weather and the electricity market: An initial assessment Kevin F. Forbes Department of Business and Economics, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, USA O. C. St. Cyr Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, USA NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt

  16. Cloudy Computing: Leveraging Weather Forecasts in Energy Harvesting Sensor Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shenoy, Prashant

    Cloudy Computing: Leveraging Weather Forecasts in Energy Harvesting Sensor Systems Navin Sharma,gummeson,irwin,shenoy}@cs.umass.edu Abstract--To sustain perpetual operation, systems that harvest environmental energy must carefully regulate their usage to satisfy their demand. Regulating energy usage is challenging if a system's demands

  17. Leveraging Weather Forecasts in Renewable Energy Navin Sharmaa,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shenoy, Prashant

    Leveraging Weather Forecasts in Renewable Energy Systems Navin Sharmaa, , Jeremy Gummesonb , David, Binghamton, NY 13902 Abstract Systems that harvest environmental energy must carefully regulate their us- age to satisfy their demand. Regulating energy usage is challenging if a system's demands are not elastic, since

  18. Numerical Prediction of High-Impact Local Weather: A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Ming

    Chapter 6 Numerical Prediction of High-Impact Local Weather: A Driver for Petascale Computing Ming winds, lightning, hurricanes and winter storms, cause hundreds of deaths and average annual economic of mitigating the impacts of such events on the economy and society is obvious, our ability to do so

  19. WEATHER MODIFICATION BY CARBON DUST ABSORPTION OF SOLAR ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, William

    WEATHER MODIFICATION BY CARBON DUST ABSORPTION OF SOLAR ENERGY by WM. M. GRAY, WM. M. FRANK, M OF SOLAR ENERGY by w. M. Gray, W. M. Frank, M. L. Corrin and C. A. Stokes Department of Atmospheric Science interception of solar energy. Growing population pressures and predicted future global food shortages dictate

  20. Exploiting weather forecasts for sizing photovoltaic energy bids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giannitrapani, Antonello

    1 Exploiting weather forecasts for sizing photovoltaic energy bids Antonio Giannitrapani, Simone for a photovoltaic (PV) power producer taking part into a competitive electricity market characterized by financial set from an Italian PV plant. Index Terms--Energy market, bidding strategy, photovoltaic power

  1. Changing Weather and Climate in the Great Lakes Region Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Offered by the University of Wisconsin-Madison through Coursera, this four-week course will feature a new season each week through short lectures and activities covering Great Lakes weather, observed changes in the climate, and societal impacts of climate change.

  2. NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Crack Response to Weather Effects, Blasting, and Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Crack Response to Weather Effects, Blasting, and Construction Vibrations Acknowledgements iii Abstract iv List of Figures v List of Tables xi Chapter 1- Introduction 1 Chapter 2- Blast Vibration Response, Southbury, Connecticut 5 Structural Description Instrumentation Blast Response Crack

  3. Improving Societal Outcomes of Extreme Weather in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Jason

    of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases Adaptation: long-term or fundamental changes people make Despite hazard mitigation efforts and scientific and technological ad- vances, extreme weather events and ad- dressing local causes of harm through participatory, community-based efforts formulated within

  4. Sweet potatoes are a warm-weather vegetable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweet potatoes are a warm- weather vegetable related to the morning glory family.Although Louisiana sweet potatoes are often referred to as yams, they truly are sweet potatoes. The Louisiana producers began calling the orange-fleshed sweet potatoes grown in Louisiana"yams" to distinguish them from

  5. Weather Factors and Performance of Network Utilities: A Methodology and Application to Electricity Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamasb, Tooraj; Orea, Luis; Pollitt, Michael G.

    Incentive regulation and efficiency analysis of network utilities often need to take the effect of important external factors, such as the weather conditions, into account. This paper presents a method for estimating the effect of weather conditions...

  6. WIPP Field Practices: The Weatherization Client File: Accountability and Best Practices Webinar (text version)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is about the client file, but more so it's about the large impact it has on the weatherized unit and how it can be used to track and complete a quality weatherized house.

  7. Prediction of Terminal-Area Weather Penetration Based on Operational Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Yi-Hsin

    Convective weather is known to reduce airspace capacity, but the extent of the impact is not well understood. Understanding how weather affects terminal area capacity is essential for quantification of the uncertainty in ...

  8. WEATHERIZATION INDUSTRIES SAVE ENERGY ST SE SALEM, OREGON 97301 (503) 5691381 WEATHERIZATIONALLIES@GMAIL.COM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WEATHERIZATION INDUSTRIES SAVE ENERGY 565 21ST ST SE SALEM, OREGON 97301 · (503) 5691381 · WEATHERIZATIONALLIES@GMAIL.COM COMMENTS ON ACHIEVABLE SAVINGS: A RETROSPECTIVE LOOK AT THE NORTHWEST POWER AND CONSERVATION COUNCIL'S CONSERVATION PLANNING ASSUMPTIONS Weatherization Industries Save Energy (WISE

  9. Prediction of terminal-area weather penetration based on operational factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Yi-Hsin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As demand for air transportation grows, the existing air traffic control system is being pushed to capacity. This is especially true during weather events. However, the degree to which weather impacts airspace capacity, ...

  10. EPA/600/R-99/029 Innovative Urban Wet-Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    EPA/600/R-99/029 Innovative Urban Wet-Weather Flow Management Systems By James P. Heaney Department Laboratory #12;iv Abstract This research project describes innovative methods to develop improved wet weather

  11. Applications of Copulas to Analysis of Efficiency of Weather Derivatives as Primary Crop Insurance Instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filonov, Vitaly

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    . Farm with a broadly diversified production program don’t value weather derivatives as much as highly specialized operations do (Berg and Schmitz, 2007). ? Inconsistency in practice of weather derivatives valuation methods, which doesn’t allow...

  12. 2008 Joint Appendices JA2-1 Appendix JA2 Reference Weather/Climate Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    weather file contains data on a variety of ambient conditions such as: · Dry bulb temperature · Wet bulb

  13. Determination of wind from Nimbus-6 satellite sounding data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carle, William Everett

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -level and surface wind fields from Nimbus-6 satellite sounding data are developed. These methods are evaluated by comparing satellite-derived and rawinsonde wind fields on gridded constant-pressure charts in four geographical regions. Satellite... interpolated to correspond in time to the satellite pass. Wind direction was interpolated through the smaller angle. t. d ttt' fplt*t' l~h' ht dg t th' ' d Fields of geopotential height were computed from gridded satellite data by integrating...

  14. Introduction In aviation, weather service is a combined effort of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (NWS), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Defense (DOD), other aviation groups12-1 Introduction In aviation, weather service is a combined effort of the National Weather Service, and independent weather observers, pilots and other aviation professionals receive the benefit of this vast

  15. IMPACT OF ADVERSE WEATHER ON TRAFFIC CONDITIONS ON AN AMERICAN HIGHWAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    IMPACT OF ADVERSE WEATHER ON TRAFFIC CONDITIONS ON AN AMERICAN HIGHWAY Effect of the Sun Glare ANALYTIQUE NOM PRENOM AUTEUR AUFFRAY Benjamin TITRE DU TFE IMPACT OF AN ADVERSE WEATHER ON AN AMERICAN réf. biblio. : 42 MOTS CLÉS Sun, Glare, Highway, Visibility, Weather, Sunlight, Delay, Traffic

  16. Weather routing for ships in degraded condition Carl-Uwe Bttner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    Weather routing for ships in degraded condition Carl-Uwe Böttner Institute of Land and Sea valuable time. Presented here is the weather and sea state routing advice based on the momentary condition for a particular vessel. Keywords Weather Routing, Degraded Condition, Crisis Manage- ment Advice, Shortest Path

  17. Robust Pareto Optimum Routing of Ships Deterministic and Ensemble Weather Forecasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    Robust Pareto ­ Optimum Routing of Ships utilizing Deterministic and Ensemble Weather Forecasts the SEAROUTES project, who provided me with exquisite weather forecasts, and who inspired me to apply ensemble ship operation. The more reliable weather forecasts and performance simulation of ships in a seaway

  18. Physics 137, Section 1, Winter Semester Introduction to the Atmosphere and Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Physics 137, Section 1, Winter Semester Introduction to the Atmosphere and Weather OBSERVATIONAL observational project or present one TV-type weather forecast. A list of a few possible observational projects; weather conditions at times of observations, data tables, charts, sketches, graphs, descriptions of what

  19. INTRODUCTION TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE (ATS 350, 2 hrs) Instructor: Professor Eric Maloney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTRODUCTION TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE (ATS 350, 2 hrs) Instructor: Professor Eric Maloney Office: 208 that will enable the student to converse intelligently about current events related to weather extremes and climate related to the weather and climate. Lectures will be presented from both descriptive and conceptual

  20. "A Functional Design and System Architecture of a Control System for a Weather Radar"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    "A Functional Design and System Architecture of a Control System for a Weather Radar" Seidu Ibrahim Faculty Mentor: Eric Knapp Weather radars operate by transmitting pulses of very high microwave energy antenna scan, a three dimensional view of the surrounding atmosphere is created. Traditional weather

  1. Be prepared. Learn how to drive in winter conditions. Winter weather challenges our

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavanagh, Karen L.

    Be prepared. Learn how to drive in winter conditions. Winter weather challenges our driving skills in cold weather. Watch for"black ice", areas of the road with a thin, almost invisible coating of ice weather. Mother Nature's road test. Know before you go. ShiftIntoWinter.ca | DriveBC.ca This information

  2. ASSESSING THE QUALITY AND ECONOMIC VALUE OF WEATHER AND CLIMATE FORECASTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    INFORMATION SYSTEM · Forecast -- Conditional probability distribution for event Z = z indicates forecast tornado #12;(1.2) FRAMEWORK · Joint Distribution of Observations & Forecasts Observed Weather = Forecast probability p (e.g., induced by Z) · Reliability Diagram Observed weather: = 1 (Adverse weather occurs) = 0

  3. The Uncoordinated Giant: Why U.S. Weather Research and Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mass, Clifford F.

    1 The Uncoordinated Giant: Why U.S. Weather Research and Prediction Are Not Achieving.S. meteorological community has made significant strides in weather diagnosis and prediction, progress has been such problems in a number of areas, ranging from numerical weather prediction to forecast dissemination

  4. Entropy Shows that Global Warming Should Cause Increased Variability in the Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Michael Williams

    2001-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Elementary physical reasoning seems to leave it inevitable that global warming would increase the variability of the weather. The first two terms in an approximation to the global entropy are used to show that global warming has increased the free energy available to drive the weather, and that the variance of the weather should increase correspondingly.

  5. Influence of synoptic weather events on the isotopic composition of atmospheric moisture in a coastal city of the western United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farlin, James; Lai, Chun-Ta; Yoshimura, Kei

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of global reanalysis, Mon. Weather Rev. , 136(8), 2983–2998.to investigate synoptic weather in?uences on air mixing inthat encompass synoptic weather cycles and extreme weather

  6. Linking Cesium and Strontium Uptake to Kaolinite Weathering in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chorover, Jon

    Linking Cesium and Strontium Uptake to Kaolinite Weathering in Simulated Tank Waste Leachate J O N at the Hanford Site, WA (0.05 M AlT, 2 M Na+, 1 M NO3 -, pH 14, Cs+ and Sr2+ present as co-contaminants). Time of contaminants into increasingly recalcitrant solid phases over the 1-yr time period. Introduction Clay minerals

  7. Space Weather Effects on Imaging Detectors in Low Earth Orbit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Adam Alan

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    of imaging sensors, the availability and access to proton and radia- tion sources, and the need to perform modeling and extrapolate the results from the experiments conducted on earth to the space weather environment. Another means of analysis is statistical... to the CCD plane, then the proton can cross multiple pixels, creating electron hole-pairs in each one, as illustrated in Figure (2). As with electrons created by photons, the electrons created by protons will be collected if inside the active region...

  8. Weather Forecast Data an Important Input into Building Management Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poulin, L.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    it can generate as much or more energy that it needs ? Building activities need N kWhrs per day (solar panels, heating, etc) ? Harvested from solar panels & passive solar. Amount depends on weather ? NWP models forecast DSWRF @ surface (MJ/m2...://collaboration.cmc.ec.gc.ca/cmc/cmoi/SolarScribe/SolarScribe/ CMC NWP datasets for Day 2 Forecasts ? Regional Deterministic Prediction System (RDPS) ? RDPS raw model data ? 10 km resolution, North America, 000-054 forecasts ? Data at: http...

  9. Weather forecast-based optimization of integrated energy systems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zavala, V. M.; Constantinescu, E. M.; Krause, T.; Anitescu, M.

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we establish an on-line optimization framework to exploit detailed weather forecast information in the operation of integrated energy systems, such as buildings and photovoltaic/wind hybrid systems. We first discuss how the use of traditional reactive operation strategies that neglect the future evolution of the ambient conditions can translate in high operating costs. To overcome this problem, we propose the use of a supervisory dynamic optimization strategy that can lead to more proactive and cost-effective operations. The strategy is based on the solution of a receding-horizon stochastic dynamic optimization problem. This permits the direct incorporation of economic objectives, statistical forecast information, and operational constraints. To obtain the weather forecast information, we employ a state-of-the-art forecasting model initialized with real meteorological data. The statistical ambient information is obtained from a set of realizations generated by the weather model executed in an operational setting. We present proof-of-concept simulation studies to demonstrate that the proposed framework can lead to significant savings (more than 18% reduction) in operating costs.

  10. ASSIMILATION OF DOPPLER RADAR DATA INTO NUMERICAL WEATHER MODELS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiswell, S.; Buckley, R.

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    During the year 2008, the United States National Weather Service (NWS) completed an eight fold increase in sampling capability for weather radars to 250 m resolution. This increase is expected to improve warning lead times by detecting small scale features sooner with increased reliability; however, current NWS operational model domains utilize grid spacing an order of magnitude larger than the radar data resolution, and therefore the added resolution of radar data is not fully exploited. The assimilation of radar reflectivity and velocity data into high resolution numerical weather model forecasts where grid spacing is comparable to the radar data resolution was investigated under a Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) 'quick hit' grant to determine the impact of improved data resolution on model predictions with specific initial proof of concept application to daily Savannah River Site operations and emergency response. Development of software to process NWS radar reflectivity and radial velocity data was undertaken for assimilation of observations into numerical models. Data values within the radar data volume undergo automated quality control (QC) analysis routines developed in support of this project to eliminate empty/missing data points, decrease anomalous propagation values, and determine error thresholds by utilizing the calculated variances among data values. The Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) three dimensional variational data assimilation package (WRF-3DVAR) was used to incorporate the QC'ed radar data into input and boundary conditions. The lack of observational data in the vicinity of SRS available to NWS operational models signifies an important data void where radar observations can provide significant input. These observations greatly enhance the knowledge of storm structures and the environmental conditions which influence their development. As the increase in computational power and availability has made higher resolution real-time model simulations possible, the need to obtain observations to both initialize numerical models and verify their output has become increasingly important. The assimilation of high resolution radar observations therefore provides a vital component in the development and utility of numerical model forecasts for both weather forecasting and contaminant transport, including future opportunities to improve wet deposition computations explicitly.

  11. An analysis of the data collection modes of a digital weather radar system with respect to significant severe weather features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neyland, Michael Arthur

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS. Conclusions Recommendations Page 109 109 111 REFERENCES. APPENDIX A. APPENDIX B. 113 115 131 143 viii LIST OF TABLES Table Page WSR/TAM-2 Weather Radar Technical Characteristics. . . 20 Antenna Scan Rates (rpm... reduction techniques can be applied. The usual pracr. ice is to measure the returned power in terms of decibels with respect to a standard reference power level, normally 1 mw. Power levels are then expressed in units of dBm, either above (+) or below...

  12. Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. Calibrated Probabilistic Mesoscale Weather Field Forecasting: The Geostatist...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raftery, Adrian

    permission. Calibrated Probabilistic Mesoscale Weather Field Forecasting: The Geostatist... Yulia Gel; Adrian

  13. SPACE WEATHER, VOL. 11, 529541, doi:10.1002/swe.20092, 2013 A survey of customers of space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    SPACE WEATHER, VOL. 11, 529­541, doi:10.1002/swe.20092, 2013 A survey of customers of space weather August 2013; published 24 September 2013. [1] We present an analysis of the users of space weather information based on 2783 responses to an online survey among subscribers of NOAA's Space Weather Prediction

  14. A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30-Year Actual Weather Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hong, Tianzhen; Chang, Wen-Kuei; Lin, Hung-Wen

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings consume more than one third of the world?s total primary energy. Weather plays a unique and significant role as it directly affects the thermal loads and thus energy performance of buildings. The traditional simulated energy performance using Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) weather data represents the building performance for a typical year, but not necessarily the average or typical long-term performance as buildings with different energy systems and designs respond differently to weather changes. Furthermore, the single-year TMY simulations do not provide a range of results that capture yearly variations due to changing weather, which is important for building energy management, and for performing risk assessments of energy efficiency investments. This paper employs large-scale building simulation (a total of 3162 runs) to study the weather impact on peak electricity demand and energy use with the 30-year (1980 to 2009) Actual Meteorological Year (AMY) weather data for three types of office buildings at two design efficiency levels, across all 17 ASHRAE climate zones. The simulated results using the AMY data are compared to those from the TMY3 data to determine and analyze the differences. Besides further demonstration, as done by other studies, that actual weather has a significant impact on both the peak electricity demand and energy use of buildings, the main findings from the current study include: 1) annual weather variation has a greater impact on the peak electricity demand than it does on energy use in buildings; 2) the simulated energy use using the TMY3 weather data is not necessarily representative of the average energy use over a long period, and the TMY3 results can be significantly higher or lower than those from the AMY data; 3) the weather impact is greater for buildings in colder climates than warmer climates; 4) the weather impact on the medium-sized office building was the greatest, followed by the large office and then the small office; and 5) simulated energy savings and peak demand reduction by energy conservation measures using the TMY3 weather data can be significantly underestimated or overestimated. It is crucial to run multi-decade simulations with AMY weather data to fully assess the impact of weather on the long-term performance of buildings, and to evaluate the energy savings potential of energy conservation measures for new and existing buildings from a life cycle perspective.

  15. SIMULATION-BASED WEATHER NORMALIZATION APPROACH TO STUDY THE IMPACT OF WEATHER ON ENERGY USE OF BUILDINGS IN THE U.S.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makhmalbaf, Atefe; Srivastava, Viraj; Wang, Na

    2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Weather normalization is a crucial task in several applications related to building energy conservation such as retrofit measurements and energy rating. This paper documents preliminary results found from an effort to determine a set of weather adjustment coefficients that can be used to smooth out impacts of weather on energy use of buildings in 1020 weather location sites available in the U.S. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) commercial reference building models are adopted as hypothetical models with standard operations to deliver consistency in modeling. The correlation between building envelop design, HVAC system design and properties for different building types and the change in heating and cooling energy consumption caused by variations in weather is examined.

  16. Weather pattern climatology of the Great Plains and the related wind regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barchet, W.R.

    1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The meteorology of the Great Plains can be described as a constant progression of air masses, fronts and cyclonic storm systems. Each of these meteorological conditions can be characterized by identifiable isobaric and related weather parameter patterns. Nine such patterns have been defined to type the weather patterns in the Great Plains. Time series of weather pattern types were produced for 62 stations on the Great Plains. Statistical analyses of these time series produced annual and seasonal frequencies of occurrence of the weather pattern types. Maps of the annual and seasonal frequency of occurrence of weather pattern type are presented for the Great Plains. Persistence and alternation frequencies match what is expected for traveling temperate latitude cyclones, anticyclones and fronts. The wind regime for stations at which the anemometer height and location was constant (and known) for a minimum of three consecutive years was stratified by weather pattern type. Statistical analyses were made to show the response of the wind to the large-scale distribution of air pressure associated with a weather pattern type. The response of the wind to the weather pattern is a site-specific result of the interaction of the large-scale meteorology with local terrain, surface roughness and atmospheric stability. Mean wind speed discriminates between pairs of weather pattern types with better than 75% confidence for more than two-thirds of the possible pairs of weather pattern types.

  17. Regional Navigation System Using Geosynchronous Satellites and Stratospheric Airships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Won, Chang-Hee

    - 1 - Regional Navigation System Using Geosynchronous Satellites and Stratospheric Airships Chang navigation system using geosynchronous satellites and stratospheric airships. One important factor and stratospheric airships for the urban areas. In the beginning stage, the system would augment the existing GPS

  18. Earthquake Damage Identification using High-Resolution Satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    Earthquake Damage Identification using High-Resolution Satellite Images from the 2003 Northern & evaluation · High-resolution satellite imagery · Images from Boumerdes, Algeria · Semi-automated damage are most damaged? ­ Effects in less populated areas · Earthquake reconnaissance time wasted "looking

  19. Building High-Quality Climate Data Records from Operational Satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuligowski, Bob

    ;Implications to Construction of Satellite Climate Data Record · Well characterize the errors of satellite-A ATMS NOAA6-14 NOAA15-19 Suomi NPP MetOp-A/B FY

  20. Building technological capability within satellite programs in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Danielle Renee

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global participation in space activity is growing as satellite technology matures and spreads. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are creating or reinvigorating national satellite programs. These countries are ...

  1. Satellite Infrared Soundings From NOAA Spacecraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Tec / Satellite Infrared Soundings From NOAA Spacecraft #12;U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Infrared Soundings From NOAA Spacecraft L. M. McMillin D. Q. Wark J. M. Siomkajlo P. G. Abel A. Werbowetzki. E. Bittner C. M. Hayden #12;UDC 551.507.362.2:551.508.2:551.501.7:535-1 Physics Infrared radiation

  2. Satellite Observations towards the Agriculture applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satellite Observations towards the Agriculture applications Osamu Ochiai Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency #12;7/30/2006 IGARSS_2006 Integrated Systems for Agriculture 2 Convergence of Evidence, All Gov't Policy Makers Reference Model: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service PECAD:Production Estimates

  3. Satellite Navigation in Vietnam & The NAVIS Centre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    Satellite Navigation in Vietnam & The NAVIS Centre TA HAI TUNG (PhD) NAVIS CentreKme predefined incidents occurring; or each 30 s #12;"The mission of Navis is to boost, in South-East Asia." hcp://navis.hust.edu.vn #12;(Source: Mul,-GNSS Asia) #12;Milestones

  4. NASA Launches Next-Generation Communications Satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    .nasa.gov Volume 9 Issue 1 February 2013 #12;T he first of NASA's three next-generation Tracking and Data Relay Space Launch Complex-41. After a three-month test phase, NASA will accept the spacecraft for additional rocket blasts off from Space Launch Complex-41 with NASA's Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS

  5. Satellite Tagging and Cardiac Physiology Reveal Niche

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luther, Douglas S.

    the movements and habitats of most species are unknown. We used a satellite tag attached to the dorsal fin (SPOT), designed with a small Argos trans- mitter, that permits direct attachment to the shark_s dorsal fin (Fig. 1). This tag enables the tracking of sharks with near­real-time positions for multiple years

  6. Isolated Galaxies and Isolated Satellite Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ann, H B; Choi, Yun-Young

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We search for isolated galaxies using a volume-limited sample of galaxies with 0.02r_{vir,nei} and \\rho <\\bar{\\rho} well segregates the CIG galaxies. We confirm the morphology conformity between the host and their satellites, which suggests importance of hydrodynamic interaction among galaxies within their virial radii in galaxy evolution.

  7. Offshore wind resource assessment through satellite images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Slide no. 4 Offshore wind resource assessment through satellite images Charlotte Bay Hasager images for offshore wind ressource assessment in lieu of in-situ mast observations #12;4 Slide no Hasager, Dellwik, Nielsen and Furevik, 2004, Validation of ERS-2 SAR offshore wind-speed maps in the North

  8. SATELLITE SURVEILLANCE OF TROPICAL AND SUBTROPICAL CYCLONES 6.1. Satellites.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    directly from NOAAPORT, from NOAA's Environmental Satellite Processing Center (ESPC), or directly from GOES ESPC, the Internet, and other means such d as local networks. 6.1.1.1. GOES-13. GOES-13, launched May

  9. Characterizing switching problems in low earth orbit satellite constellations with satellite failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadsworth, Brandon Scott

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . F. Typical Paths G. Ground Cell Pass Off. H. ATM System I. Routing. J. Delay Analysis of the Network . 1. Connection between the Galapagos and Coastal Ecuador 2. Connection between the Galapagos and Interior Ecuador... from 18 inches in diameter to several meters. Solar panels and batteries power all of these satellites. B. GEO Services GEO satellites provide a variety of communication services, including telephone, TV, and data. When providing telephone service...

  10. Satellite Eye for Galathea 3 Annual Report 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satellite Eye for Galathea 3 Annual Report 2006 Charlotte Bay Hasager, Peter Brøgger Sørensen, Leif Title: Satellite Eye for Galathea 3 Annual Report 2006 Department: Wind Energy Department Abstract (max. 2000 char.): ISSN 0106-2840 ISBN 978-87-550-3580-5 The Satellite Eye for Galathea 3 project

  11. Satellite Eye for Galathea 3 Annual Report 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satellite Eye for Galathea 3 Annual Report 2007 Charlotte Bay Hasager, Peter Brøgger Sørensen, Leif Nielsen, Roberto Saldo og René Møller Title: Satellite Eye for Galathea 3 Annual Report 2007 Department: Wind Energy Department Risø-R-1626(EN) March 2008 Abstract (max. 2000 char.): Satellite Eye

  12. Observing ocean heat content using satellite gravity and altimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayne, Steven

    : ocean heat content, altimetry, satellite gravity, steric height, remote sensing Citation: Jayne, S. RObserving ocean heat content using satellite gravity and altimetry Steven R. Jayne1,2 and John M with satellite measurements of the Earth's time-varying gravity to give improved estimates of the ocean's heat

  13. Procedure for Packing Weather Files for DOE-2e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, K. H.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.

    \\Programs\\Hourly_Missing_Filled_Calc.xlsx) for calculating the missing data. Weather Stations Names Alternative Stations for Gap Filling (1st Option) Alternative Stations for Gap Filling (2nd Option) ABI Abilene Regional Airport SJT San Angelo Mathis Field MA marillo International Airport LBB Lubbock....noaa.gov/CDO/cdo) Step 1. Click ?Country? Step 2. Select country and click ?Access Data Products? Step3. Select ?Surface Data, Hourly Global (Over 10,000 worldwide sites)?, and click ?Access Data Products? ESL-TR-10-09-03 Step4. Click ?I agree to these terms...

  14. Weather Forecast Data an Important Input into Building Management Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poulin, L.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GEPS 21 members ? Provides probabilistic forecasts ? Can give useful outlooks for longer term weather forecasts ? Scribe matrix from GDPS ? includes UMOS post processed model data ? Variables like Temperature, humidity post processed by UMOS ? See...://collaboration.cmc.ec.gc.ca/cmc/cmoi/cmc-prob-products/ ? Link to experimental 3-day outlook of REPS quilts ? http://collaboration.cmc.ec.gc.ca/cmc/cmoi/cmc-prob-products.reps Users can also make their own products from ensemble forecast data? Sample ascii matrix of 2m temperature could be fed...

  15. Weather data handbook for HVAC and cooling equipment design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data included detailed tabulations of wet bulb temperature frequencies for the summer months, tabulations in multiple frequency for winter and summer conditions, various weather parameters useful in estimating performance for heat exchange equipment and other applications. Other data provided are: 12-month dry bulb temperatures and 12-month wet bulb temperatures vs relative humidity; combination of wet bulb temperatures, wind speed, and relative humidity; wind direction with high relative humidities; hourly observations for relative humidity 93% or greater; coincident high wet bulb and dry bulb temperature, seasonal cloud cover, and heat islands. (MHR)

  16. Obama-Biden Administration Announces Nearly $30 Million in Weatherization

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagementOPAM Policy AcquisitionWeatherization FundingFunding and Energy

  17. Weatherization and Intergovernmental FY 2016 Budget At-A-Glance

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradley Nickell DirectorThe WaterWeatherization and

  18. Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Office Events | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradley Nickell DirectorThe WaterWeatherization andof

  19. Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Office Events | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradley Nickell DirectorThe WaterWeatherization andofEnergy

  20. Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Office FY 2015 Budget

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradley Nickell DirectorThe WaterWeatherization

  1. Weatherization and Workforce Guidelines for Home Energy Upgrades Fact Sheet

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradley Nickell DirectorThe WaterWeatherization| Department of

  2. Warm Weather and the Daily Commute | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeries |Attacks |VisualizingWarm Weather and the

  3. Weather and the Transport of Hazardous Materials | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2Uranium TransferonUS-IndiaVALUEWater Power Program Market ReportofWeather and

  4. Weatherization Assistance Program Allocation Formula | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of EnergyThe U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Weatherization

  5. Weatherization Assistance Program Goals and Metrics | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of EnergyThe U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) WeatherizationUT -

  6. Weatherization Assistance Program Success Stories | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of EnergyThe U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) WeatherizationUT

  7. U.S. Department of Energy Weatherization Assistance Program Homes

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergyTransportation& ForumVersion: June 24, 2014Weatherized

  8. Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program Fact Sheet July 2011

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02ReportWaste-to-Energy| DepartmentWeatherization

  9. Weatherization and Intergovernmental FY14 Budget At-a-Glance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: SinceDevelopment | Department ofPartnerships ToolkitWaste Heat Wasteof Energy WEATHERIZATION

  10. NREL RSF Weather Data 2011 - Datasets - OpenEI Datasets

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources JumpNEFAppropriationReference ManualRSF Weather

  11. Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmweltVillageGraph HomeWaranaWaterEnergyWeekly Weather and Crop

  12. On Possible Influence of Space Weather on Agricultural Markets: Necessary Conditions and Probable Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pustilnik, Lev

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of study of a possible relationship between the space weather and terrestrial markets of agricultural products. It is shown that to implement the possible effect of space weather on the terrestrial harvests and prices, a simultaneous fulfillment of three conditions is required: 1) sensitivity of local weather (cloud cover, atmospheric circulation) to the state of space weather; 2) sensitivity of the area of specific agricultural crops to the weather anomalies (belonging to the area of risk farming); 3) relative isolation of the market, making it difficult to damp the price hikes by the external food supplies. Four possible scenarios of the market response to the modulations of local terrestrial weather via the solar activity are described. The data sources and analysis methods applied to detect this relationship are characterized. We describe the behavior of 22 European markets during the medieval period, in particular, during the Maunder minimum (1650-1715). We demonstrate a reliable m...

  13. 40 Figure 9: Folded, brown weathering carbonate in purple and green slates.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    ;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;40 Figure 9: Folded, brown weathering carbonate in purple and green slates. Figure 10: dismembered folds of brown weathering sandy carbonate and light weathering arenite in purple, green and gray slates. #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;58 Figure 14: Color laminated slate

  14. In vitro activity of sorghum non-tannin polyphenols against grain molding and weathering fungi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leungchaikul, Patcharin

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    moniliforme (Castor 1981). Grain weather1ng 1s a colonizat1on of mature kernels by saprophytic field fungi such as Alternaria spp. The difference be- tween grain molding and weathering 1s not perfectly distinct and the fungi that cause grain molding can... also cause grain weathering. For example, C. lunata and F. moniliforme can 1nfect sorghum late in kernel development or after maturity and, therefore, cause grain weather1ng (Castor 1981) . Fungal infect1on of grain in the field and/or dur1ng...

  15. WEATHERIZATION PROGRAM NOTICE 10-10: REPROGRAMMING TRAINING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FUNDS TO PROGRAM OPERATIONS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Guidance to Weatherization Assistance Program Grantees when requesting to reprogram Training and Technical Assistance (T&TA) funds to the Program Operations line item.

  16. An Equilibrium Pricing Model for Weather Derivatives in a Multi-commodity Setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yongheon; Oren, Shmuel S.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    derivatives and risk management. Energy, 31. [Dutton, 2002]exposed to weather risk because the energy demand is highlyin the energy industry showing that volumetric risk caused

  17. Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program: Program Overview and Philadelphia Project Highlight (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Case Study with WIPP program overview, information regarding eligibility, and successes from Pennsylvania's Commission on Economic Opportunity (CEO) that demonstrate innovative approaches that maximize the benefit of the program. The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) recently launched the Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program (WIPP) to accelerate innovations in whole-house weatherization and advance DOE's goal of increasing the energy efficiency and health and safety of homes of low-income families. Since 2010, WIPP has helped weatherization service providers as well as new and nontraditional partners leverage non-federal financial resources to supplement federal grants, saving taxpayer money. WIPP complements the Weatherization Assistance program (WAP), which operates nation-wide, in U.S. territories and in three Native American tribes. 16 grantees are implementing weatherization innovation projects using experimental approaches to find new and better ways to weatherize homes. They are using approaches such as: (1) Financial tools - by understanding a diverse range of financing mechanisms, grantees can maximize the impact of the federal grant dollars while providing high-quality work and benefits to eligible low-income clients; (2) Green and healthy homes - in addition to helping families reduce their energy costs, grantees can protect their health and safety. Two WIPP projects (Connecticut and Maryland) will augment standard weatherization services with a comprehensive green and healthy homes approach; (3) New technologies and techniques - following the model of continuous improvement in weatherization, WIPP grantees will continue to use new and better technologies and techniques to improve the quality of work; (4) Residential energy behavior change - Two grantees are rigorously testing home energy monitors (HEMs) that display energy used in kilowatt-hours, allowing residents to monitor and reduce their energy use, and another is examining best-practices for mobile home energy efficiency; (5) Workforce development and volunteers - with a goal of creating a self-sustaining weatherization model that does not require future federal investment, three grantees are adapting business models successful in other sectors of the home performance business to perform weatherization work. Youthbuild is training youth to perform home energy upgrades to eligible clients and Habitat for Humanity is developing a model for how to incorporate volunteer labor in home weatherization. These innovative approaches will improve key weatherization outcomes, such as: Increasing the total number of homes that are weatherized; Reducing the weatherization cost per home; Increasing the energy savings in each weatherized home; Increasing the number of weatherization jobs created and retained; and Reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

  18. Sensitivity of once-shocked, weathered high explosives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, K.L.; Harris, B.W.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effects caused by stimulating once-shocked, weathered high explosives (OSW-HE) are investigated. The sensitivity of OSW-HE to mechanical stimuli was determined using standard industry tests. Some initial results are given. Pieces of OSW-HE were collected from active and inactive firing sites and from an area surrounding a drop tower at Los Alamos where skid and spigot tests were done. Samples evaluated were cast explosives or plastic bonded explosive (PBX) formulations containing cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX), cyclotetramethylene tetranitramine (HMX), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), mock or inert HE [tris(beta-chloroethyl)phosphate (CEF)], barium nitrate, cyanuric acid, talc, and Kel-F. Once-shocked, weathered LX-10 Livermore explosive [HMX/Viton A, (95/5 wt %)], PBX 9011 [HMX/Estane, (90/10 wt %)], PBX 9404 [HMX/nitrocellulose, tris(beta-chloroethyl) phosphate, (94/3/3 wt %)], Composition B or cyclotol (TNT/RDX explosives), and PBX 9007 (90% RDX, 9.1% styrene, 0.5% dioctyl phthalate, and 0.45 resin) were subjected to the hammer test, the drop-weight impact sensitivity test, differential thermal analysis (DTA), the spark test, the Henkin`s critical temperature test, and the flame test. Samples were subjected to remote, wet cutting and drilling; remote, liquid-nitrogen-cooled grinding and crushing; and scanning electron microscope (SEM) surface analyses for morphological changes.

  19. MASSIVE SATELLITES OF CLOSE-IN GAS GIANT EXOPLANETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cassidy, Timothy A.; Johnson, Robert E. [Engineering Physics Program, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Mendez, Rolando; Arras, Phil; Skrutskie, Michael F., E-mail: tac2z@virginia.ed, E-mail: rem5d@cms.mail.virginia.ed, E-mail: arras@virginia.ed, E-mail: rej@virginia.ed, E-mail: mfs4n@virginia.ed [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States)

    2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the orbits, tidal heating and mass loss from satellites around close-in gas giant exoplanets. The focus is on large satellites which are potentially observable by their transit signature. We argue that even Earth-size satellites around hot Jupiters can be immune to destruction by orbital decay; detection of such a massive satellite would strongly constrain theories of tidal dissipation in gas giants, in a manner complementary to orbital circularization. The star's gravity induces significant periodic eccentricity in the satellite's orbit. The resulting tidal heating rates, per unit mass, are far in excess of Io's and dominate radioactive heating out to planet orbital periods of months for reasonable satellite tidal Q. Inside planet orbital periods of about a week, tidal heating can completely melt the satellite. Lastly, we compute an upper limit to the satellite mass loss rate due to thermal evaporation from the surface, valid if the satellite's atmosphere is thin and vapor pressure is negligible. Using this upper limit, we find that although rocky satellites around hot Jupiters with orbital periods less than a few days can be significantly evaporated in their lifetimes, detectable satellites suffer negligible mass loss at longer orbital periods.

  20. Satellites in Discs: Regulating the Accretion Luminosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dave Syer; Cathie Clarke

    1995-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate, using a simple analytic model, that the presence of a massive satellite can globally modify the structure and emission properties of an accretion disc to which it is tidally coupled. We show, using two levels of numerical approximation, that the analytic model gives reasonable results. The results are applicable to two astrophysical situations. In the case of an active galactic nucleus, we consider the case of a $\\sim 10^3\\Msun$ compact companion to the central black-hole and show that it could modulate the emitted spectrum on a timescale of $\\sim10^5$ years. In the case of a T Tauri accretion disc, a satellite such as a sub-dwarf or giant planet could modify the disc spectral energy distribution over a substantial fraction of the T Tauri star lifetime.

  1. Satellite Threat Warning and Attack Reporting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hilland, D. [Kirkland AFB, NM (United States). Air Force Research Lab.; Phipps, G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Optics & Technologies Dept.; Jingle, C.; Newton, G. [Schafer Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Air Force Research Laboratory`s Satellite Threat Warning and Attack Reporting (STW/AR) program will provide technologies for advanced threat warning and reporting of radio frequency (RF) and laser threats. The STW/AR program objectives are: (a) develop cost- effective technologies to detect, identify, locate, characterize, and report attacks or interference against U.S. and Allied satellites. (b) demonstrate innovative, light-weight, low-power, laser and RF sensors. The program focuses on the demonstration of RF and laser sensors. The RF sensor effort includes the investigation of interferometric antenna arrays, multi-arm spiral and butler matrix antennas, wideband receivers, adaptive processors, and improved processing algorithms. The laser sensor effort includes the investigation of alternative detectors, broadband grating and optical designs, active pixel sensing, and improved processing algorithms.

  2. U.S. Weather Bureau. Hurricane Flora, September 30-October 12,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    QC 945.2 .F59 H8 1963 c.2 U.S. Weather Bureau. Hurricane Flora, September 30-October 12, 1963 and Buffetins lss #12;National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Bureau Hurricane Series ERRATA Beltsville, MD 20704-1387 November 6,2007 #12;PRELIMINARY REPORT ON HURRICANE "FLORA". SEPTWBER 30 - OCTOBER

  3. U. S. Weather Bureau. Hurricane Arlene, August 2-10, 1963j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. S. Weather Bureau. Hurricane Arlene, August 2-10, 1963j prelim. report with advisories Weather Bureau Hurricane Series ERRATA NOTICE One or more conditions of the original document may affect ON HURRICANE ARLENE AUGUST 2-10, 1963 HURRICANE ARLENE, the f i r s t of the 1963 season, formed i n

  4. U .S Weather Bureau. Hurricane Jenny, Nov.6-8, 1961,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    QC 945.2 .J45 H8 1961 c.2 U .S Weather Bureau. Hurricane Jenny, Nov.6-8, 1961, m #12;DEPARTMENT;National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Bureau Hurricane Series ERRATA NOTICE One or more,2007 #12;HURRICANE JEhWY - NOVEMBER 6-8, 1961 Fveliminarg Report H&icane Jenny developed f r o m a tropical

  5. U .S,Weather Bureau. Hurricane Anna, July 20-24, 1961;preliminary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U .S,Weather Bureau. Hurricane Anna, July 20-24, 1961;preliminary report with the advisories and Atmospheric Administration Weather Bureau Hurricane Series ERRATA NOTICE One or more conditions;HURRICANE ANNA, JlJLY 20-24, 1961 Preliminary Report Anna, the first hurricane of the 1961 season i n

  6. Synoptic weather typing applied to air pollution mortality among the elderly in 10 Canadian cities$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Synoptic weather typing applied to air pollution mortality among the elderly in 10 Canadian cities 2013 Accepted 12 August 2013 Keywords: Air pollutants Acute health effects Relative mortality risk (large-scale weather systems) affect ambient levels of air pollution, as well as the relationship between

  7. On the Use of QuikSCAT Scatterometer Measurements of Surface Winds for Marine Weather Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    the accuracies of surface wind fields in the National Centers for Envi- ronmental Prediction (NCEP) and EuropeanOn the Use of QuikSCAT Scatterometer Measurements of Surface Winds for Marine Weather Prediction ocean vector winds for marine weather prediction is investigated from two Northern Hemisphere case

  8. Operational Monitoring of Weather Radar Receiving Chain Using the Sun IWAN HOLLEMAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    Operational Monitoring of Weather Radar Receiving Chain Using the Sun IWAN HOLLEMAN Royal, is presented. The ``online'' method is entirely based on the analysis of sun signals in the polar volume data- termining the weather radar antenna pointing at low elevations using sun signals, and it is suited

  9. A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Renewable Energy, the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency, of the U Institute, Taiwan, ROC May 2013 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30-Year Actual Weather Data

  10. Davis-Bacon Labor Rates for Weatherization Work in Multifamily Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Weatherization Assistance Program Notice 10-04 deals with labor rates (wages) for weatherization work in large multifamily buildings that comply with the Davis-Bacon Act requirements of the 2009 Recovery Act.

  11. October--November 2003's space weather and operations lessons learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    October--November 2003's space weather and operations lessons learned L. P. Barbieri and R. E experience and lessons learned widely among both developing and operating missions, and to uniformly apply: space weather, operations, lessons learned, best practices, environmental effects Citation: Barbieri, L

  12. COSPAR Roadmap team v. 2014/07/281 Advancing space weather science to protect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    COSPAR Roadmap team v. 2014/07/281 Advancing space weather science to protect society's technological infrastructure: a COSPAR/ILWS roadmap Advancing space weather science to protect society's technological infrastructure: a COSPAR/ILWS roadmap · Alan Aylward; University College London, UK · Sarah Gibson

  13. Impact of nano-size weathering products on the dissolution rates of primary minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Emmanuel

    Impact of nano-size weathering products on the dissolution rates of primary minerals Simon.O. Box 208109, New Haven, CT 06520-8109 USA Abstract The natural weathering rates of primary minerals are often orders of mag- nitude lower than the rates of mineral dissolution measured in laboratory

  14. Antarctic glaciers and rock weathering: Exploring chemical and mineralogy processes within the blue ice fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    Antarctic glaciers and rock weathering: Exploring chemical and mineralogy processes within the blue of Geographical and Earth Sciences, we will determine the mineralogy and chemical composition of a suite mineralogy, porosity & permeability)? · Does the volume of weathering products and their mineralogy

  15. Off-The-Grid X-band Weather Radar Network for the West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    and target. CayeyNWS radar Mayaguez The Problem #12;Puerto Rico Test Bed · Multi-level Research Team · Low · Relay Stations #12;Network Node · Weather Radar · Processing Computer · Wireless Link #12;X-Band Weather cost · Better Merging algorithms · More Radars.... #12;PR Test Bed Team #12;Questions · ??? #12;Live

  16. Weathering Effects on Mechanical Properties of Recycled HDPE Based Plastic Lumber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weathering Effects on Mechanical Properties of Recycled HDPE Based Plastic Lumber Jennifer K. Lynch recycled plastic lumber (RPL) decking was exposed to the environment for eleven years. The weathering in the construction of the deck were a commingled recycled plastic material referred to as curbside tailings, NJCT

  17. VISUAL QUERY OF TIME-DEPENDENT 3D WEATHER IN A GLOBAL GEOSPATIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Chris

    1 VISUAL QUERY OF TIME-DEPENDENT 3D WEATHER IN A GLOBAL GEOSPATIAL ENVIRONMENT William Ribarsky and Spatial Analysis Technologies, Georgia Institute of Technology This Technical Report is a draft WEATHER IN A GLOBAL GEOSPATIAL ENVIRONMENT William Ribarsky, Nickolas Faust, Zachary Wartell, Christopher

  18. Reprinted from: Proceedings, International Workshop on Observations/Forecasting of Meso-scale Severe Weather and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doswell III, Charles A.

    -scale Severe Weather and Technology of Reduction of Relevant Disasters (Tokyo, Japan), 22-26 February 1993, 181 technology and powerful workstation approaches in the forecasting workplace. Training and education leading to the weather events should form the basis for any scientific approaches to forecasting those

  19. Behaviour of lithium and its isotopes during weathering in1 the Mackenzie Basin, Canada2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Behaviour of lithium and its isotopes during weathering in1 the Mackenzie Basin, Canada2 3 Romain and lithium concentrations found in the dissolved load of the Mackenzie rivers suggests31 that precipitation fluxes in the Mackenzie River Basin.40 41 Keywords: lithium isotopes, river waters, silicate weathering

  20. weber, evans, moser, and newell Air Traffic Management Decision Support During Convective Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reuter, Martin

    · weber, evans, moser, and newell Air Traffic Management Decision Support During Convective WeatherTraffic Management Decision Support During Convective Weather Mark E. Weber, James E. Evans, William R. Moser algorithm. #12;· weber, evans, moser, and newell Air Traffic Management Decision Support During Convective

  1. ach year across the US, mesoscale weather events--flash floods, tornadoes, hail,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plale, Beth

    E ach year across the US, mesoscale weather events--flash floods, tornadoes, hail, strong winds of mesoscale weather research; its disparate, high-volume data sets and streams; or the tremendous urgent need for a comprehensive national cyberinfrastructure in mesoscale meteorology--particularly one

  2. USING LEARNING MACHINES TO CREATE SOLAR RADIATION MAPS FROM NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION MODELS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    USING LEARNING MACHINES TO CREATE SOLAR RADIATION MAPS FROM NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION MODELS to develop a methodology to generate solar radiation maps using information from different sources. First with conclusions and next works in the last section. Keywords: Solar Radiation maps, Numerical Weather Predictions

  3. THE ROLE OF STORM PREDICTION CENTER PRODUCTS IN DECISION MAKING LEADING UP TO SEVERE WEATHER EVENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to ultimately protect the lives and property of the American people. First-order users of SPC services, which responsibility is to release a suite of severe weather forecast and watch products for the #12;2 protection play key societal roles of efficiently relaying hazardous weather information to the public through

  4. Tectonic and climatic controls on long-term silicate weathering in Asia since 5 Ma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clift, Peter

    Tectonic and climatic controls on long-term silicate weathering in Asia since 5 Ma Shiming Wan,1 of paleo-climate and pCO2, the history of long- term silicate weathering in the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau (HTP) during the late Cenozoic remains unclear. We recon- struct 5 m.y. of silicate sedimentary

  5. SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID 7.6 Kevin F the price of electricity in the PJM power grid. In this paper we examine one of the mechanisms by which space weather impacts the electricity market in the PJM power grid. The starting point of this paper

  6. Lithium in Jack Hills zircons: Evidence for extensive weathering of Earth's earliest crust Takayuki Ushikubo a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mcdonough, William F.

    Lithium in Jack Hills zircons: Evidence for extensive weathering of Earth's earliest crust Takayuki Hills lithium weathering continental crust Hadean In situ Li analyses of 4348 to 3362 Ma detrital of REEs. The Jack Hills zircons also have fractionated lithium isotope ratios (7 Li=-19 to+13) about five

  7. Extreme lithium isotopic fractionation during continental weathering revealed in saprolites from South Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudnick, Roberta L.

    Extreme lithium isotopic fractionation during continental weathering revealed in saprolites from in revised form 6 July 2004 Abstract The lithium concentration and isotopic composition of two saprolites the behavior of lithium isotopes during continental weathering. Both saprolites show a general trend

  8. 6.9 A NEW APPROACH TO FIRE WEATHER FORECASTING AT THE TULSA WFO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    6.9 A NEW APPROACH TO FIRE WEATHER FORECASTING AT THE TULSA WFO Sarah J. Taylor* and Eric D. Howieson NOAA/National Weather Service Tulsa, Oklahoma 1. INTRODUCTION The modernization of the National then providesthemeteorologistanopportunitytoadjustmodel forecasts for local biases and terrain effects. The Tulsa, Oklahoma WFO has been a test office

  9. Products and Service of Center for Weather Forecast and Climate Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LOG O Products and Service of Center for Weather Forecast and Climate Studies Simone Sievert da products Supercomputer Facilities DSA/CPTEC-INPE Monitoring products based on remote sensing Training products Numerical Forecast Products Weather discussion Colleting data platform #12;Atmospheric Chemistry

  10. Water Rock Interaction [WRI 14] Chemical weathering of granitic rocks: experimental approach and Pb-Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of water/rock interactions both in terms of source and extent of weathering, by measuring major and traceWater Rock Interaction [WRI 14] Chemical weathering of granitic rocks: experimental approach and Pb, France Abstract In order to characterize water/rock interactions of granite, we performed laboratory

  11. Chemical weathering of granitic rock: experiments and Pb-Li isotopes tracing Romain Millot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is to better constrain the processes of water/rock interactions both in terms of source (dissolutionChemical weathering of granitic rock: experiments and Pb-Li isotopes tracing Romain Millot Philippe of weathering. In order to go further and to better characterize water/rock interactions, we performed

  12. Thunderstorm lightning and radar characteristics: insights on electrification and severe weather forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiger, Scott Michael

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    THUNDERSTORM LIGHTNING AND RADAR CHARACTERISTICS: INSIGHTS ON ELECTRIFICATION AND SEVERE WEATHER FORECASTING A Dissertation by SCOTT MICHAEL STEIGER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2005 Major Subject: Atmospheric Sciences THUNDERSTORM LIGHTNING AND RADAR CHARACTERISTICS: INSIGHTS ON ELECTRIFICATION AND SEVERE WEATHER...

  13. Micro-meter Crack Response to Rock Blast Vibrations, Wind Gusts & Weather Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Micro-meter Crack Response to Rock Blast Vibrations, Wind Gusts & Weather Effects C. H. Dowding,1 effects. These measurements substantiate the conservancy of the 12.5 mm/s (0.5 in./s) blasting vibration blasting. Measurements in this case study now extend weather effects to include wind. While it has been

  14. ORNL/CON-486 WEATHERIZING THE HOMES OF LOW-INCOME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORNL/CON-486 WEATHERIZING THE HOMES OF LOW-INCOME HOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM CLIENTS Government or any agency thereof. #12;ORNL/CON-486 WEATHERIZING THE HOMES OF LOW-INCOME HOME ENERGY............................................................................................................................17 APPENDIX A RESIDENTIAL NATURAL GAS AND NO. 2 HEATING OIL PRICES AND HEATING DEGREE DAYS

  15. Determining weather radar antenna pointing using signals detected from the sun at low antenna elevations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    Determining weather radar antenna pointing using signals detected from the sun at low antenna radiation of the sun for checking of the antenna alignment and of the sensitivity of the receiver chain is a well established method in weather radar maintenance, and radar manufacturers offer sun calibration

  16. The Uncoordinated Giant: Why U.S. Weather Research and Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mass, Clifford F.

    1 The Uncoordinated Giant: Why U.S. Weather Research and Prediction Are Not Achieving.S. meteorological community has made significant strides in weather diagnosis and prediction, progress has been research and operations, that might facilitate improvement in our ability to understand and predict

  17. Influence of weather and global warming in chloride ingress into concrete: a stochastic approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Influence of weather and global warming in chloride ingress into concrete: a stochastic approach E the influence of weather conditions and global warming on chloride ingress into concrete. The assessment including seasonal variations and global warming is also proposed in this work. Three scenarios of global

  18. Impacts of two best management practices on Pb weathering and leachability in shooting range soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    . 2007), which influences the environmental fate and transport of Pb in shooting range soils (Heier et alImpacts of two best management practices on Pb weathering and leachability in shooting range soils Environmental Protection Agency on Pb weather- ing and leachability in shooting range soils. The two BMPs

  19. Explaining the road accident risk: weather effects Ruth Bergel-Hayat1*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Explaining the road accident risk: weather effects Ruth Bergel-Hayat1* , Mohammed Debbarh1 conditions and road accident risk at an aggregate level and on a monthly basis, in order to improve road accidents. Time series analysis models with explanatory variables that measure the weather quantitatively

  20. Fixed points, stable manifolds, weather regimes, and their predictability

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Deremble, Bruno; D'Andrea, Fabio; Ghil, Michael

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a simple, one-layer atmospheric model, we study the links between low-frequency variability and the model’s fixed points in phase space. The model dynamics is characterized by the coexistence of multiple ''weather regimes.'' To investigate the transitions from one regime to another, we focus on the identification of stable manifolds associated with fixed points. We show that these manifolds act as separatrices between regimes. We track each manifold by making use of two local predictability measures arising from the meteorological applications of nonlinear dynamics, namely, ''bred vectors'' and singular vectors. These results are then verified in the framework of ensemblemore »forecasts issued from clouds (ensembles) of initial states. The divergence of the trajectories allows us to establish the connections between zones of low predictability, the geometry of the stable manifolds, and transitions between regimes.« less

  1. Fixed points, stable manifolds, weather regimes, and their predictability

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Deremble, Bruno [Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique (CNRS and IPSL), Paris (France); D'Andrea, Fabio [Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique (CNRS and IPSL), Paris (France); Ghil, Michael [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United Staes). Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Inst. of Geophysics and Planetary Physics

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a simple, one-layer atmospheric model, we study the links between low-frequency variability and the model’s fixed points in phase space. The model dynamics is characterized by the coexistence of multiple ''weather regimes.'' To investigate the transitions from one regime to another, we focus on the identification of stable manifolds associated with fixed points. We show that these manifolds act as separatrices between regimes. We track each manifold by making use of two local predictability measures arising from the meteorological applications of nonlinear dynamics, namely, ''bred vectors'' and singular vectors. These results are then verified in the framework of ensemble forecasts issued from clouds (ensembles) of initial states. The divergence of the trajectories allows us to establish the connections between zones of low predictability, the geometry of the stable manifolds, and transitions between regimes.

  2. Mobile home weatherization measures: A study of their effectiveness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judkoff, R.; Hancock, E.; Franconi, E.; Hanger, R.; Weiger, J.

    1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) was funded by the Department of Energy's Office of Buildings and Community Systems (DOE OBCS) in FY 1987 and 1988 to investigate cost effective ways to weatherize mobile homes constructed prior to the enactment of HUD Thermal Standards in 1976. In FY 1987 SERI studied the effectiveness of a variety of infiltration-reducing retrofits by monitoring 20 units in the field before, during, and after applications of air tightening measures. In FY 1988 we began studying measures intended to reduce envelope conduction losses. These measures included storm windows, insulated skirting, and wall, roof, and floor insulation. This part of the project resulted in the development of a short-term testing method for measuring the thermal impact of individual conduction-reducing retrofits.

  3. Weather strip for vehicle and producing method thereof

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shigeki, K.; Nakajima, T.

    1987-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This method describes a method for producing a weather strip composed of a channel shaped base portion, a seal portion projecting from an outer surface of the base portion, and a partially connected core member embedded in the base portion in its longitudinal direction, comprising: supplying a core member made of a strip-shaped thermoplastic synthetic resin sheet and having transversely extending slots at regular intervals in the longitudinal direction of the core member; integrally extruding the core member with rubber material to obtain an extruded body; heating the extruded body to soften the extruded core member and cure the extruded rubber material; bending the extruded core member while the extruded core member remains softened with the rubber material to have a U-shaped cross section to form the base portion and cooling the bent extruded body having the formed base portion.

  4. 2008 Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) Market Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doris, E.; Taylor, R.

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) integrates local needs and interests in order to promote markets for energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE). Its activities are integrative across disparate technologies and market boundaries. In order to analyze the historical performance and forward-looking potential of this broad program, this report assesses market developments and outlooks at the following aggregated levels: states, cities and communities, Indian tribes, and low-income residential efficiency. The analytical goals of the report are to: identify market drivers for EE and RE, paying attention to subsidies, taxes, targets and mandates, environmental policy, energy security, and economic development; assess efficacy of existing policies; discuss challenges and barriers; evaluate high-impact measures for overcoming challenges and barriers; and forecast future market trends.

  5. Five synthetic rubber pond liners protect against leakage and weather

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weinreich, G.; Hofsess, R.; Toy, D.A.

    1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More than 137 million cu ft of pipeline quality gas is produced daily at the Great Plains Coal Gasification Project in Beulah, ND. The facility is the only commercial plant in the US which produces gaseous and liquid fuels from low-grade coal. The plant needs to recycle and reuse 100% of the organic process wastewater, requiring a complicated treatment system of cooling towers, evaporators, a liquid waste incinerator and other units, each of which has its own surge pond. In total, the plant has five surge ponds which hold near 80 million gallons. To prevent the seepage of wastewater from the surge ponds into the ground water, a liner material was needed that would fulfill several design criteria. The liner had to be resistant to degradation caused by a very wide range of temperatures and it had to have a low coefficient of expansion. Resistance to both organic and inorganic chemical substances was another key requirement. Finally, the liner material needed to be easy to seam during field installation. An elastomeric membrane liner using the synthetic rubber and reinforcing polyester scrim best met the plant's requirements. One of the primary reasons for selecting synthetic rubber was its low coefficient of expansion. Extreme seasonal weather conditions, with temperatures ranging from below zero in the winter to over 100/sup 0/F in the summer, are common in North Dakota. And because the level of wastewater in the ponds constantly varies, a liner is frequently exposed to the elements. Overall, the synthetic rubber pond liners have performed through extreme weather conditions and have proven to be a cost-effective solution to wastewater storage at the gasification project.

  6. SALINITY AND SODICITY INTERACTIONS OF WEATHERED MINESOILS IN NORTHWESTERN NEW MEXICO AND NORTH EASTERN ARIZONA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brent Musslewhite; Song Jin

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Weathering characteristics of minesoils and rooting patterns of key shrub and grass species were evaluated at sites reclaimed for 6 to 14 years from three surface coal mine operations in northwestern New Mexico and northeastern Arizona. Non-weathered minesoils were grouped into 11 classifications based on electrical conductivity (EC) and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR). Comparisons of saturated paste extracts, from non-weathered and weathered minesoils show significant (p < 0.05) reductions in SAR levels and increased EC. Weathering increased the apparent stability of saline and sodic minesoils thereby reducing concerns of aggregate slaking and clay particle dispersion. Root density of four-wing saltbush (Atriplex canascens), alkali sacaton (Sporobolus airoides), and Russian wildrye (Psathyrostachys junceus) were nominally affected by increasing EC and SAR levels in minesoil. Results suggest that saline and sodic minesoils can be successfully reclaimed when covered with topsoil and seeded with salt tolerant plant species.

  7. EnergyPlus Weather Data for use with EnergyPlus Simulation Software

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    EnergyPlus is simulation software from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE) that models heating, cooling, lighting, ventilating, and other energy flows as well as water in buildings. Because the environment surrounding any building is an important component of the energy choices that go into the building's design and the energy performance of that building thereafter, weather data from all parts of the world are made available through the EnergyPlus web site. The data are collected from more than 2100 locations — 1042 locations in the USA, 71 locations in Canada, and more than 1000 locations in 100 other countries throughout the world. The weather data are arranged by World Meteorological Organization region and Country. In addition to using the weather data via the utility installed automatically with EnergyPlus software, users may view and download EnergyPlus weather data directly using a weather data layer for Google Earth.

  8. The international status of intelligence-collecting reconnaissance satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gates, Brent Allen

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE INTERNATIONAL STATUS OF INTELLIGENCE- COLLECTING RECONNAISSANCE SATELLITES A Thesis by BRENT ALLEN GATES Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASH University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of i~STER OF ARTS...) (Member) (Member) May 1972 ABSTRACT The International Status of Intelligence-Collecting Reconnaissance Satellites. (Nay 1972) Brent Allen Gates, B. A. , University of Naryland. Directed by: Dr. Paul Van Riper Reconnaissance satellites are examined...

  9. Antarctica: measuring glacier velocity from satellite images

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucchitta, B.K.; Ferguson, H.M.

    1986-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Many Landsat images of Antarctica show distinctive flow and crevasse features in the floating part of ice streams and outlet glaciers immediately below their grounding zones. Some of the features, which move with the glacier or ice stream, remain visible over many years and thus allow time-lapse measurements of ice velocities. Measurements taken from Landsat images of features on Byrd Glacier agree well with detailed ground and aerial observations. The satellite-image technique thus offers a rapid and cost-effective method of obtaining average velocities, to a first order of accuracy, of many ice streams and outlet glaciers near their termini.

  10. Satellite Data Assimilation forSatellite Data Assimilation for Naval Undersea CapabilityNaval Undersea Capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Peter C.

    of satellite altimeters necessary to ensure maximum weapon effectiveness · To determine the point at which additional altimeter input no longer increases weapon effectiveness #12;Modular Ocean Data Assimilation for quantifying the effect on weapon presets #12;Environmental Fields · 2 MODAS data fields ­ one with assimilated

  11. atmospheric corrected satellite: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DENSITY ESTIMATION USING SATELLITE PRECISION ORBIT EPHEMERIDES University of Kansas - KU ScholarWorks Summary: The current atmospheric density models are not capable...

  12. Designing Satellite Communication Networks by Zero-One Quadratic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helme, Marcia P.

    In satellite communications networks, distinctive facilities called homing stations perform special transmission functions. Local demand nodes clustered around each homing station communicate with each other via a local ...

  13. artificial satellites: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    been carried out by two different groups of people combining artificial intelligence and artificial life techniques with those of virtual environments Luck, Michael 239 Satellite...

  14. atmosphere research satellite: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    remote sensing device), and airplane and satellite observations. Airplane based sensible heat flux Research. This national observatory accommodates numerous remote sensing and...

  15. Why baryons matter: The kinematics of dwarf spheroidal satellites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brooks, Alyson M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Zolotov, Adi, E-mail: abrooks@physics.rutgers.edu, E-mail: zolotov@physics.huji.ac.il [Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

    2014-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We use high-resolution cosmological simulations of Milky Way (MW) mass galaxies that include both baryons and dark matter (DM) to show that baryonic physics (energetic feedback from supernovae and subsequent tidal stripping) significantly reduces the DM mass in the central regions of luminous satellite galaxies. The reduced central masses of the simulated satellites reproduce the observed internal dynamics of MW and M31 satellites as a function of luminosity. We use these realistic satellites to update predictions for the observed velocity and luminosity functions of satellites around MW-mass galaxies when baryonic effects are accounted for. We also predict that field dwarf galaxies in the same luminosity range as the MW classical satellites should not exhibit velocities as low as the satellites because the field dwarfs do not experience tidal stripping. Additionally, the early formation times of the satellites compared to field galaxies at the same luminosity may be apparent in the star formation histories of the two populations. Including baryonic physics in cold dark matter (CDM) models naturally explains the observed low DM densities in the MWs dwarf spheroidal population. Our simulations therefore resolve the tension between kinematics predicted in CDM theory and observations of satellites, without invoking alternative forms of DM.

  16. Development of a composite satellite structure for FORTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grastataro, C.I.; Butler, T.A.; Smith, B.G.; Thompson, T.C.

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in partnership with Composite Optics Incorporated (COI) has advanced the development of low-cost, lightweight, composite technology for use in small satellite structures, in this case, for the Fast On-Orbit Recording of Transient Events (FORTE) satellite mission. The use of advanced composites in space applications is well developed, but the application of an all-composite satellite structure has not been achieved until now. This paper investigates the application of composite technology in the design of an all-composite spacecraft structure for small satellites. Engineering analysis and test results obtained from the development of the spacecraft engineering model are also presented.

  17. Remote Detection Of Quaternary Borate Deposits With Aster Satellite...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Remote Detection Of Quaternary Borate Deposits With Aster Satellite Imagery As A Geothermal...

  18. An analysis of the properties of VAS satellite soundings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhodes, Robert Charles

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    not help to better simulate the satellite profile. The satellite sounding's smoothing seems to be more dependent on the vertical smoothing than it is on the horizontal smoothing, 300 300 . D rv / / I / I I / I I lfJ oI m 700 050 1 l... 26 Synoptic scale constant pressure charts at 700 mb for rawinsonde (top) and satellite (bottom) for 0300 GI'iT 7 Narch 1982. Synoptic scale constant pressure charts at 500 mb for rawinsonde (top) and satellite (bottom) for 0300 GNT 7 March 1982...

  19. Web-Interactive Integration of Regional Weather Networks for Risk Management of Late Blight in Potato Canopies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    1 Web-Interactive Integration of Regional Weather Networks for Risk Management of Late Blight Category: Pest Management Web-Interactive Integration of Regional Weather Networks for Risk Management of potato late blight. The system integrates regional automated weather network data, fungicide rates

  20. THE NOAA HAZARDOUS WEATHER TESTBED: COLLABORATIVE TESTING OF ENSEMBLE AND CONVECTION-ALLOWING WRF MODELS AND SUBSEQUENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Ming

    THE NOAA HAZARDOUS WEATHER TESTBED: COLLABORATIVE TESTING OF ENSEMBLE AND CONVECTION-ALLOWING WRF NOAA's Hazardous Weather Testbed (HWT) is a joint facility managed by the National Severe Storms and technologies into advances in forecasting and warning for hazardous mesoscale weather events throughout

  1. A framework for predicting global silicate weathering and CO2 drawdown rates over geologic time-scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilley, George

    A framework for predicting global silicate weathering and CO2 drawdown rates over geologic time (received for review February 15, 2008) Global silicate weathering drives long-time-scale fluctuations in atmospheric CO2. While tectonics, climate, and rock-type influence silicate weathering, it is unclear how

  2. Development and Evaluation of a Coupled Photosynthesis-Based Gas Exchange Evapotranspiration Model (GEM) for Mesoscale Weather Forecasting Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niyogi, Dev

    (GEM) for Mesoscale Weather Forecasting Applications DEV NIYOGI Department of Agronomy, and Department form 13 May 2008) ABSTRACT Current land surface schemes used for mesoscale weather forecast models use model (GEM) as a land surface scheme for mesoscale weather forecasting model applications. The GEM

  3. University of Waterloo Weather Station Summary October 2013 A warm month that was the second wettest ever in the region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    University of Waterloo Weather Station Summary ­ October 2013 A warm month that was the second we have seen at the UW weather station. Back in July, the 173.0 mm was the most ever seen in the 15 year history of the UW weather station, but now October comes along with 181.4 mm. The last day

  4. Ahmed, Rose, Figliozzi & Jacob 1 Commuter Cyclist's Sensitivity to Changes in Weather: Insight from Two Cities with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Ahmed, Rose, Figliozzi & Jacob 1 Commuter Cyclist's Sensitivity to Changes in Weather: Insight from between various weather conditions and commuter bicyclist volume in two cities (Portland, USA and Brisbane may condition bicyclist's responsiveness to changes in weather and climate. Temporal variations

  5. Working in Hot Weather or Hot Workplace Environments Subject: Procedures and Guidelines for Working in Hot Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    Working in Hot Weather or Hot Workplace Environments Subject: Procedures and Guidelines for Working is intended to prevent potential heat induced illness as a result of hot weather or hot workplace environments in hot weather or hot workplace environments. The following parameters will serve as triggers

  6. Sundman Stability of Natural Planet Satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lukyanov, L G

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The stability of the motion of the planet satellites is considered in the model of the general three-body problem (Sun-planet-satellite). "Sundman surfaces" are constructed, by means of which the concept "Sundman stability" is formulated. The comparison of the Sundman stability with the results of Golubev's c2h method and with the Hill's classical stability in the restricted three-body problem is performed. The constructed Sundman stability regions in the plane of the parameters "energy - moment of momentum" coincide with the analogous regions obtained by Golubev's method, with the value (c2h)cr. The construction of the Sundman surfaces in the three-dimensional space of the specially selected coordinates xyR is carried out by means of the exact Sundman inequality in the general three-body problem. The determination of the singular points of surfaces, the regions of the possible motion and Sundman stability analysis are implemented. It is shown that the singular points of the Sundman surfaces in the coordinate...

  7. Fast object detection for use onboard satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Bange; Stefan Jordan; Michael Biermann; Thomas Kaempke; R alf-Dieter Scholz

    2003-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose an object detection algorithm which is efficient and fast enough to be used in (almost) real time with the limited computer capacities onboard satellites. For stars below the saturation limit of the CCD detectors it is based on a four neighbourhood local maximum criterion in order to find the centre of a stellar image. For saturated stars it is based on the assumption that the image is increasing monotonically towards the centre in the unsaturated part of the image. The algorithm also calculates approximate stellar magnitudes and efficiently rejects most of the cosmics which would otherwise lead to a large number of false detections. The quality of the algorithm was evaluated with the help of a large set of simulated data for the DIVA satellite mission; different assumptions were made for the noise level, and the presence of cosmics or for a variable sky background. We could show that our algorithm fulfills the requirements for DIVA; only in the case of simulated images which included the bright galaxy M31 some fainter stars could not be detected in the galaxy's vicinity. Since stellar images contain large areas without any stars, we propose an additional block-skipping algorithm which can be coded on special-purpose hardware.

  8. Clay formation and metal fixation during weathering of coal fly ash

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zevenbergen, C.; Bradley, J.P.; Reeuwijk, L.P. Van; Shyam, A.K.; Hjelmar, O.; Comans, R.N.J.

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The enormous and worldwide production of coal fly ash cannot be durably isolated from the weathering cycle, and the weathering characteristics of fly ash must be known to understand the long-term environmental impact. The authors studied the weathering of two coal fly ashes and compared them with published data from weathered volcanic ash, it's closest natural analogue. Both types of ash contain abundant aluminosilicate glass, which alters to noncrystalline clay. However, this study reveals that the kinetics of coal fly ash weathering are more rapid than those of volcanic ash because the higher pH of fresh coal fly ash promotes rapid dissolution of the glass. After about 10 years of weathering, the noncrystalline clay content of coal fly ash is higher than that of 250-year-old volcanic ash. The observed rapid clay formation together with heavy metal fixation imply that the long-term environmental impact of coal fly ash disposal may be less severe and the benefits more pronounced than predicted from previous studies on unweathered ash. Their findings suggest that isolating coal fly ash from the weathering cycle may be counterproductive because, in the long-term under conditions of free drainage, fly ash is converted into fertile soil capable of supporting agriculture.

  9. Weather data for simplified energy calculation methods. Volume IV. United States: WYEC data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, A.R.; Moreno, S.; Deringer, J.; Watson, C.R.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to provide a source of weather data for direct use with a number of simplified energy calculation methods available today. Complete weather data for a number of cities in the United States are provided for use in the following methods: degree hour, modified degree hour, bin, modified bin, and variable degree day. This report contains sets of weather data for 23 cities using Weather Year for Energy Calculations (WYEC) source weather data. Considerable overlap is present in cities (21) covered by both the TRY and WYEC data. The weather data at each city has been summarized in a number of ways to provide differing levels of detail necessary for alternative simplified energy calculation methods. Weather variables summarized include dry bulb and wet bulb temperature, percent relative humidity, humidity ratio, wind speed, percent possible sunshine, percent diffuse solar radiation, total solar radiation on horizontal and vertical surfaces, and solar heat gain through standard DSA glass. Monthly and annual summaries, in some cases by time of day, are available. These summaries are produced in a series of nine computer generated tables.

  10. The Nuclear Detonation Detection System on the GPS satellites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higbie, P.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Blocker, N.K. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This article begins with a historical perspective of satellite usage in monitoring nuclear detonations. Current capabilities of the 24 GPS satellites in detecting the light, gamma rays, x-rays and neutrons from a nuclear explosion are described. In particular, an optical radiometer developed at Sandia National Laboratories is characterized. Operational information and calibration procedures are emphasized.

  11. Observing geomagnetic induction in magnetic satellite measurements and associated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    Observing geomagnetic induction in magnetic satellite measurements and associated implications@ucsd.edu; cconstable@ucsd.edu) [1] Currents induced in Earth by temporal variations in the external magnetic field have by harmonic Dst (``disturbance storm time'') excitation of the magnetospheric ring current in satellite

  12. From the Atlanta Workshop -Use Satellite Data for Model Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Daniel J.

    Assimilation ­ dries surface Control - Model too cool due to moisture Plan to revisit August 2006 Texas evaluations 1. Clouds ­ Clouds play a major role in photolysis rates , temperature and wet chemistry. Models temperature #12;model (control) vs. satellite retrieval Satellite retrievals (K) model (sat. assim.) vs

  13. Tropospheric Ozone Satellite Retrievals in the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Tropospheric Ozone Satellite Retrievals in the Pacific Northwest Jacqueline Costello1, Farren: Tropospheric ozone is difficult to retrieve from satellites because of the abundance of ozone in the stratosphere. Tropospheric ozone has become a significant environmental issue and can be exacerbated by UT

  14. Compliance of Hazardous Waste Satellite Accumulation Areas (SAAs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Compliance of Hazardous Waste Satellite Accumulation Areas (SAAs) All Hazardous waste generated to be chemically hazardous and shall be kept in a Satellite Accumulation Area (SAA). The safety coordinator will keep a list of all SAA's in the division and must be notified before an accumulation area

  15. First satellite observations of lower tropospheric ammonia and methanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First satellite observations of lower tropospheric ammonia and methanol Reinhard Beer,1 Mark W) and methanol (CH3OH), well above the normal background levels. This is the first time that these molecules have. Citation: Beer, R., et al. (2008), First satellite observations of lower tropospheric ammonia and methanol

  16. Quantifying Offshore Wind Resources from Satellite Wind Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pryor, Sara C.

    the spatial extent of the wake behind large offshore wind farms. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, LtdQuantifying Offshore Wind Resources from Satellite Wind Maps: Study Area the North Sea C. B National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark Offshore wind resources are quantified from satellite synthetic

  17. Ris-R-1298(EN) Validation of Satellite SAR Offshore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resources, e.g. in future planning of offshore wind farms. The report describes the validation analysisRisø-R-1298(EN) Validation of Satellite SAR Offshore Wind Speed Maps to In-Situ Data, Microscale project goal is to develop a method for utilizing the satellite wind speed maps for offshore wind

  18. Optimal Energy Allocation and Admission Control for Communications Satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modiano, Eytan

    Initiative. input and output of energy relatively static, such a satellite may not require a sophisticated1 Optimal Energy Allocation and Admission Control for Communications Satellites Alvin Fu, Eytan Modiano, and John Tsitsiklis Abstract--We address the issue of optimal energy alloca- tion and admission

  19. Validation of satellite ozone profile retrievals using Beijing ozonesonde data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Laura

    year time period (September 2002 to July 2005) are used to evaluate the performance of ozone profile, the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on the NASA Aqua satellite and the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the NASA Aura satellite. Since the Global Positioning System ozone sensors (GPSO3) used in Beijing

  20. Ris National Laboratory Satellite SAR applied in offshore wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø National Laboratory Satellite SAR applied in offshore wind ressource mapping: possibilities is to quantify the regional offshore wind climate for wind energy application based on satellite SAR ·Study of 85SAR(m/s) Hasager, Dellwik, Nielsen and Furevik, 2004, Validation of ERS-2 SAR offshore wind-speed maps

  1. Ris-R-1479(EN) Satellite information for wind energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    wind power potential. Scatterometer wind data are observed ~ twice per day, whereas SAR onlyRisø-R-1479(EN) Satellite information for wind energy applications Morten Nielsen, Poul Astrup Title: Satellite information for wind energy applications Department: Wind Energy Department Risø-R-1479

  2. Weatherization Assistance Program: Final monitoring report for: Arizona, California, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stroud, Inc., was awarded a contract by the Department of Energy San Francisco Operations Office (DOE-SAN) to evaluate the weatherization programs for selected grantees and subgrantees in Arizona, California, and Nevada. The provisions of the contract specified an initial year and renewable optional periods of two (2) additional years. The first year of the contract began on October 1, 1985, and expired on September 30, 1986. The final report for that first year was submitted to DOE-SAN in August, 1986. The second year of the contract began on October 1, 1986, and expired on September 30, 1987. The final report for that second year was submitted to DOE-SAN in August, 1987. This report covers the monitoring of grantees and subgrantees for the second option year, or what is the third year of the contract. The first two (2) weeks of the third year's activities were devoted to scheduling the agencies to be monitored. The actual field monitoring began on November 16, 1987, and was completed on August 19, 1988. During this nine-month period, twenty-nine (29) agencies, both grantees and subgrantees, were visited and evaluated under this contract.

  3. Asymptotic behavior of an elastic satellite with internal friction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emanuele Haus; Dario Bambusi

    2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the dynamics of an elastic body whose shape and position evolve due to the gravitational forces exerted by a pointlike planet. The main result is that, if all the deformations of the satellite dissipate some energy, then under a suitable nondegeneracy condition there are only three possible outcomes for the dynamics: (i) the orbit of the satellite is unbounded, (ii) the satellite falls on the planet, (iii) the satellite is captured in synchronous resonance i.e. its orbit is asymptotic to a motion in which the barycenter moves on a circular orbit, and the satellite moves rigidly, always showing the same face to the planet. The result is obtained by making use of LaSalle's invariance principle and by a careful kinematic analysis showing that energy stops dissipating only on synchronous orbits. We also use in quite an extensive way the fact that conservative elastodynamics is a Hamiltonian system invariant under the action of the rotation group.

  4. Evaluation of numerical weather prediction for intra-day solar forecasting in the continental United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathiesen, Patrick; Kleissl, Jan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Downward surface solar radiation  data released at 12 UTC forecast shortwave radiation with data obtained from the radiation:   A statistical approach using satellite data.   

  5. Symmetric Satellite Swarms and Choreographic Crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latham Boyle; Jun Yong Khoo; Kendrick Smith

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we introduce a natural dynamical analogue of crystalline order, which we call choreographic order. In an ordinary (static) crystal, a high degree of symmetry may be achieved through a careful arrangement of the fundamental repeated elements. In the dynamical analogue, a high degree of symmetry may be achieved by having the fundamental elements perform a carefully choreographed dance. For starters, we show how to construct and classify all symmetric satellite constellations. Then we explain how to generalize these ideas to construct and classify choreographic crystals more broadly. We introduce a quantity, called the "choreography" of a given configuration. We discuss the possibility that some (naturally occurring or artificial) many-body or condensed-matter systems may exhibit choreographic order, and suggest natural experimental signatures that could be used to identify and characterize such systems.

  6. Heat Transfer -1 A satellite in space orbits the sun. The satellite can be approximated as a flat plate with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Heat Transfer - 1 A satellite in space orbits the sun. The satellite can be approximated as a flat plate with dimensions and properties given below. (a) Calculate the solar heat flux (W/m2 is at a distance where the solar heat flux (as defined above) is 500 W/m2 , and the flat plate is oriented

  7. WEATHER IN A TANK Exploiting Laboratory Experiments in the Teaching of Meteorology, Oceanography, and Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bannon, P.

    A collaboration between faculty and students at six universities in a project called Weather in a Tank is described, in which ways of teaching atmosphere, ocean, and climate dynamics are explored that bring students into ...

  8. Synoptic weather patterns and modification of the association between air pollution and human mortality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Synoptic weather patterns and modification of the association between air pollution and human pollution and mortality, an examination of air pollution and human mortality associations (ecologic) using hybrid spatial synoptic classification procedures was conducted. Concentrations of air pollutants

  9. Predicting the Energy Output of Wind Farms Based on Weather Data: Important Variables and their Correlation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladislavleva, Katya; Neumann, Frank; Wagner, Markus

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind energy plays an increasing role in the supply of energy world-wide. The energy output of a wind farm is highly dependent on the weather condition present at the wind farm. If the output can be predicted more accurately, energy suppliers can coordinate the collaborative production of different energy sources more efficiently to avoid costly overproductions. With this paper, we take a computer science perspective on energy prediction based on weather data and analyze the important parameters as well as their correlation on the energy output. To deal with the interaction of the different parameters we use symbolic regression based on the genetic programming tool DataModeler. Our studies are carried out on publicly available weather and energy data for a wind farm in Australia. We reveal the correlation of the different variables for the energy output. The model obtained for energy prediction gives a very reliable prediction of the energy output for newly given weather data.

  10. Weathered Diesel oil as a sorptive phase for hydrophobic organic compounds in aquifer materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudson, Rondall James

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sorptive properties of weathered diesel oil were investigated by conducting miscible displacement experiments with three hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs), acenapthene, fluorene, and dibenzothiophene, as tracers in columns containing aquifer...

  11. Weather Radar and Hydrology 1 Influence of rainfall spatial variability on hydrological modelling: a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Weather Radar and Hydrology 1 Influence of rainfall spatial variability on hydrological modelling variability as well as characteristics and hydrological behavior of catchments, we have proceeded simulator and a distributed hydrological model (with four production functions and a distributed transfer

  12. What Do We Learn from the Weather? The New Climate-Economy Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dell, Melissa

    A rapidly growing body of research applies panel methods to examine how temperature, precipitation, and windstorms influence economic outcomes. These studies focus on changes in weather realizations over time within a given ...

  13. Laboratory characterization of a highly weathered old alluvium in San Juan, Puerto Rico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Guoping, 1968-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The old alluvium underlying much of metropolitan San Juan was formed in early Pleistocene and has undergone substantial post-depositional weathering in the tropical climate of Puerto Rico, resulting in a special combination ...

  14. THE IMPACT OF MICROBIAL CHELATES ON MINERAL WEATHERING AND MICROBIAL METABOLIC ACTIVITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulczycki, Ezra

    2010-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    composition and cellular design. A relationship between geologic host materials and biological activity is purported. The role of microorganisms upon mineral weathering was investigated by collecting soil samples from the tropical rainforest of Barro Colorado...

  15. Data Quality Requirements for Determining Energy Savings in the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, J.; Reddy, A.; Claridge, D. E,; Haberl, J. S.; Pollard, W.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper briefly describes an ongoing energy retrofit program, the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAF') of the Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs. After briefly reviewing the various parameters that one needs to consider...

  16. Procedures for Filling Short Gaps in Energy Use and Weather Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, H.; Claridge, D. E.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    data. Single variable regression, polynomial models, Lagrange interpolation, and linear interpolation models are developed, demonstrated, and used to fill 1-6 hour gaps in weather data, heating data and cooling data for commercial buildings...

  17. This Day in Weather History for southeast Minnesota, northeast Iowa, and western Wisconsin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    this part of the Upper Mississippi River Valley, information for severe weather, and information and charts Regional Climate Center (MRCC), and Storm Prediction Center (SPC) archives; various newspaper archives

  18. Surface Pressure Observations from Smartphones:3 A Potential Revolution for High-Resolution Weather Prediction?4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mass, Clifford F.

    -Resolution Weather Prediction?4 5 Clifford F. Mass1 and Luke E. Madaus6 Department of Atmospheric Sciences7 1 Corresponding author Professor Clifford F. Mass Department of Atmospheric Sciences Box 351640 about three-dimensional55 atmosph

  19. A Better Way to ID Extreme Weather Events in Climate Models

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to do just that. "We're using state-of-the-art methods in data mining and high performance computing to locate and quantify extreme weather phenomena in the very large datasets...

  20. On the Feasibility of Precisely Measuring the Properties of a Precipitating Cloud with a Weather Radar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runnels, R.C.

    In this paper the results of an investigation are presented that are concerned with the feasibility of employing a weather radar to make precise measurements of the properties of a precipitating cloud. A schematic cloud is proposed as a model...

  1. Optimization of airport terminal-area air traffic operations under uncertain weather conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeil, Diana Michalek

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Convective weather is responsible for large delays and widespread disruptions in the U.S. National Airspace System, especially during summer. Although Air Traffic Flow Management algorithms exist to schedule and route ...

  2. Automated identification of terminal area air traffic flows and weather related deviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Tony M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Air traffic in terminal air space is very complex, making it very difficult to identify air traffic flows. Finding air traffic flows and flow boundaries are very helpful in analyzing how air traffic would react to weather. ...

  3. Using Weather Data and Climate Model Output in Economic Analyses of Climate Change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auffhammer, Maximilian [University of California at Berkeley; Hsiang, Solomon M. [Princeton University; Schlenker, Wolfram [Columbia University; Sobel, Adam H. [Columbia University

    2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Economists are increasingly using weather data and climate model output in analyses of the economic impacts of climate change. This article introduces a set of weather data sets and climate models that are frequently used, discusses the most common mistakes economists make in using these products, and identifies ways to avoid these pitfalls. We first provide an introduction to weather data, including a summary of the types of datasets available, and then discuss five common pitfalls that empirical researchers should be aware of when using historical weather data as explanatory variables in econometric applications. We then provide a brief overview of climate models and discuss two common and significant errors often made by economists when climate model output is used to simulate the future impacts of climate change on an economic outcome of interest.

  4. Wet-Weather Flow Characterization for the Rock Creek through Monitoring and Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    support of the following organizations: ­ DC Water Resources Research Institute ­ U.S. Geological Survey..................................................................16 Modeling of Urban Stormwater Management discharged to receiving waters demand that wet-weather flow control systems be planned and engineered

  5. Weathered Diesel oil as a sorptive phase for hydrophobic organic compounds in aquifer materials 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudson, Rondall James

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sorptive properties of weathered diesel oil were investigated by conducting miscible displacement experiments with three hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs), acenapthene, fluorene, and dibenzothiophene, as tracers in columns containing aquifer...

  6. Weather forecasting : the next generation : the potential use and implementation of ensemble forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goto, Susumu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis discusses ensemble forecasting, a promising new weather forecasting technique, from various viewpoints relating not only to its meteorological aspects but also to its user and policy aspects. Ensemble forecasting ...

  7. Copula Based Stochastic Weather Generator as an Application for Crop Growth Models and Crop Insurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juarez Torres, Miriam 77-

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , or even conclusive criterion (Genest and Favre 2007a). Data from three weather stations located in Montana, Washington and Texas are used for this research. 5 Background and Motivation Climatological and meteorological phenomena are complex...: [ )| ), ), ? , ) = ), Montana, one...

  8. U .S . Weather Bureau. Hurricane Ginny ,October 19-29 ,19632

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .G5 H8 1963 U .S . Weather Bureau. Hurricane Ginny ,October 19-29 ,19632 preliminary report;National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Bureau Hurricane Series ERRATA NOTICE One or more the hurricane developed f i r a t appeared as a f l a t low preasuro area a t the end o t a t r a i l i n g cold

  9. Release of uranium and thorium from granitic rocks during in situ weathering and initial erosion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ledger, Ernest Broughton

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    their concentrations in unweathered or slightly weathered granitic rocks, soils developed on granitic rocks, and material from a granitic source transported by a local stream. "Uranium maps", obtained by fission track analysis, are used to understand the mode...RELEASE OF URANIUM AND THORIUM FROM GRANITIC ROCKS DURING IN SITU WEATHERING AND INITIAL EROSION A Thesis by ERNEST BROUGHTON LEDGER, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement...

  10. Scotts Valley Band of Pomo Indians First Steps Toward Tribal Weatherization - Human Capacity Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Irenia Quitiquit

    2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of this project are to create jobs and to provide tribal homes and buildings with weatherization assistance for energy efficiency. The project will establish a Tribal Multi-County Weatherization Energy Program to provide training, outreach and education on energy assistance and conservation to low-income families. The Tribes' mission, under its Strategic Energy Plan of 2008, is to promote tribal efficiency, reduce energy costs, create jobs, economic opportunities, and incorporate energy planning in construction and economic development.

  11. Long range weathering effects on the chemical properties of two Venezuelan crude oils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bautz, Anton Frank

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LONG RANGE WEATHERING EFFECTS ON Tl'iE CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF TWO VENEZUELAN CRUDE OILS A Thesis ANTON FRANK BAUTZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1974 Major Subject: Oceanography LONG RANGE WEATHERING EFFECTS ON THE CHEHICAL PROPERTIES OF TWO VENEZUELAN CRUDE OILS A Thesis by ANTON FRANK BAUTZ Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of C t Head of Department Hember...

  12. Release of uranium and thorium from granitic rocks during in situ weathering and initial erosion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ledger, Ernest Broughton

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    their concentrations in unweathered or slightly weathered granitic rocks, soils developed on granitic rocks, and material from a granitic source transported by a local stream. "Uranium maps", obtained by fission track analysis, are used to understand the mode... OF URANIUM AND THORIUM IN THE GRANITIC 17 19 30 30 31 38 SOURCE ROCKS . 44 REDISTRIBUTION OF URANIUM AND THORIUM IN GRANITIC MATERIALS DURING IN SITU WEATHERING AND INITIAL EROSION 77 CONCLUSIONS. REFERENCES APPENDIX VITA 105 108 112 113...

  13. Impacts of the Weatherization Assistance Program in fuel-oil heated houses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levins, W.P.; Ternes, M.P.

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1990, the US Department of Energy (DOE) initiated a national evaluation of its lowincome Weatherization Assistance Program. This report, which is one of five parts of that evaluation, evaluates the energy savings and cost-effectiveness of the Program as it had been applied to single-family houses heated primarily by fuel-oil. The study was based upon a representative sample (41 local weatherization agencies, 222 weatherized and 115 control houses) from the nine northeastern states during 1991 and 1992 program years. Dwelling-specific and agency-level data on measures installed, costs, and service delivery procedures were collected from the sampled agencies. Space-heating fuel-oil consumption, indoor temperature, and outdoor temperature were monitored at each house. Dwelling characteristics, air-leakage measurements, space-heating system steady-state efficiency measurements, safety inspections, and occupant questionnaires were also collected or performed at each monitored house. We estimate that the Program weatherized a total of 23,400 single-family fuel-oil heated houses in the nine northeastern states during program years 1991 and 1992. Annual fuel-oil savings were calculated using regression techniques to normalize the savings to standard weather conditions. For the northeast region, annual net fuel-oil savings averaged 160 gallons per house, or 17.7% of pre-weatherization consumption. Although indoor temperatures changed in individual houses following weatherization, there was no average change and no significant difference as compared to the control houses; thus, there was no overall indoor temperature takeback effect influencing fuel-oil savings. The weatherization work was performed cost effectively in these houses from the Program perspective, which included both installation costs and overhead and management costs but did not include non-energy benefits (such as employment and environmental).

  14. A satellite ocean color observation operator system for eutrophication assessment in coastal waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontana, Clément

    A satellite ocean color observation operator system for eutrophication assessment in coastal waters: Satellite ocean color Observation operator Eutrophication Remote sensing Radiative transfer modeling

  15. Weather data for simplified energy calculation methods. Volume II. Middle United States: TRY data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, A.R.; Moreno, S.; Deringer, J.; Watson, C.R.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to provide a source of weather data for direct use with a number of simplified energy calculation methods available today. Complete weather data for a number of cities in the United States are provided for use in the following methods: degree hour, modified degree hour, bin, modified bin, and variable degree day. This report contains sets of weather data for 22 cities in the continental United States using Test Reference Year (TRY) source weather data. The weather data at each city has been summarized in a number of ways to provide differing levels of detail necessary for alternative simplified energy calculation methods. Weather variables summarized include dry bulb and wet bulb temperature, percent relative humidity, humidity ratio, wind speed, percent possible sunshine, percent diffuse solar radiation, total solar radiation on horizontal and vertical surfaces, and solar heat gain through standard DSA glass. Monthly and annual summaries, in some cases by time of day, are available. These summaries are produced in a series of nine computer generated tables.

  16. UW -Madison Inclement Weather Guidelines These policies appear online in the CPPP for classified staff and the UPPP for unclassified staff. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    UW - Madison Inclement Weather Guidelines These policies appear online in the CPPP for classified of as the university's "ice and snow" policy, inclement weather can happen at any time of year (e.g., buildings to inclement weather. Some University services and functions must remain in operation regardless of weather

  17. Patterns of impact in the weatherization assistance program: A closer look

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berry, L.G.; Brown, M.A.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1990, the US Department of Energy (DOE) initiated a nationwide evaluation of the Weatherization Program. The second phase of the Single-Family Study, which is the subject of this report, is part of this coordinated evaluation effort. In the first chapter the goals and overall design of the study are presented. Chapter 2 discussed methodology, the sample selection process, and data collection procedures. The following chapters (3, 4, and 5) compare the four sets of comparison groups. In Chapter 3, the results of extensive descriptions and measurements of dwelling characteristics, and of blower door, heating system efficiency, and carbon monoxide (CO) tests are compared for control, weatherized, and treated dwellings. In Chapter 4, characteristics of weatherized dwellings with especially high versus those with especially low energy savings are examined. Dwelling characteristic, the presence and amounts of specific weatherization measures, and occupant characteristics and behaviors are examined as factors that may explain variations in energy savings. Chapter 5 presents comparisons of pairs of higher- versus lower-savings agencies in each of several climate regions. These comparison examined differences in housing stocks, service delivery procedures, weatherization measures installed, and allocation of agency funds. The focus here is on the identification of more and less effective weatherization practices and of promising future directions for the Program. This report adds to the earlier one by comparing the practices of lower-savings agencies with those of the higher-saving ones. Chapter 6 compares occupant perceptions of comfort, health, safety, and energy affordability for the weatherized versus control group clients, for the high- versus low-saving dwellings, and the higher-versus lower-saving agencies. Chapter 7 summarizes this study`s findings and presents recommendations.

  18. Search for Dark Matter Satellites Using the FERMI-LAT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ackermann, M.; /DESY; Albert, A.; /Ohio State U.; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Ballet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Barbiellini, G.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bastieri, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Blandford, R.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bloom, E.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bottacini, E.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Brandt, T.J.; /IRAP, Toulouse /Toulouse III U.; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique; Buehler, R.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Burnett, T.H.; /Washington U., Seattle; Caliandro, G.A.; /ICE, Bellaterra; Cameron, R.A.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /IASF, Milan /IASF, Milan /DAPNIA, Saclay /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /ASDC, Frascati /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Montpellier U. /Stockholm U. /Stockholm U., OKC /ASDC, Frascati /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Montpellier U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Ecole Polytechnique /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Hiroshima U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /INFN, Bari /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Bologna Observ. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; /more authors..

    2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerical simulations based on the {Lambda}CDM model of cosmology predict a large number of as yet unobserved Galactic dark matter satellites. We report the results of a Large Area Telescope (LAT) search for these satellites via the {gamma}-ray emission expected from the annihilation of weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter. Some dark matter satellites are expected to have hard {gamma}-ray spectra, finite angular extents, and a lack of counterparts at other wavelengths. We sought to identify LAT sources with these characteristics, focusing on {gamma}-ray spectra consistent with WIMP annihilation through the b{bar b} channel. We found no viable dark matter satellite candidates using one year of data, and we present a framework for interpreting this result in the context of numerical simulations to constrain the velocity-averaged annihilation cross section for a conventional 100 GeV WIMP annihilating through the b{bar b} channel.

  19. On the use of Satellite Television in High Energy Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas Taylor; David O. Williams

    1998-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper assesses the feasibility of exploiting commercial satellite television technologies to broadcast video signals and data from major High Energy Physics facilities to collaborating institutes throughout the world.

  20. Risk management of student-run small satellite programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deems, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Carolina)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes an approach for failure mode identification in university-affiliated, small satellite programs. These small programs have a unique set of risks due to many factors, including a typically inexperienced ...

  1. Aerospace Power & Electronics Simulation Workshop 2004 Satellite Attitude Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    Aerospace Power & Electronics Simulation Workshop 2004 · Satellite Attitude Control System Design;3Aerospace Power & Electronics Simulation Workshop 2004 ADCS ·ADCS: Attitude Determination and Control subsystem ·Attitude Determination - Using sensors ·Attitude Control - Using actuators #12;4Aerospace Power

  2. The use of satellite-based technology in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Danielle Renee

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Satellite technology in the areas of remote sensing, communication, and navigation can provide valuable information in a number of areas from business to disaster management to agriculture. There is great potential for ...

  3. Sea Oil Field Satellite Monitoring: An Opera3onal View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuligowski, Bob

    through oil drilling. It is refined and separated, most easily by boiling In the oil industry, the term "North Sea" o`en includes areasSea Oil Field Satellite Monitoring: An Opera3onal View Maurizio

  4. aster satellite images: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    data, with no false positives. The failure rate is consistent with the inc... Lang, Dustin; Mierle, Keir; Blanton, Michael; Roweis, Sam 2009-01-01 267 The Satellite-substructure...

  5. Satellite measurements of the clear-sky greenhouse effect from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    LETTERS Satellite measurements of the clear-sky greenhouse effect from tropospheric ozone HELEN M of 0.48±0.14 W m-2 between 45 S and 45 N. This estimate of the clear-sky greenhouse effect from

  6. An integrated evolutionary model approach to small satellite engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Joseph B. (Joseph Brian)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A deficiency exists in the use of detailed integrated modeling in the design, fabrication, and operations of small satellites (<180kg). This need led to the design of the Integrated Evolutionary Model (IEM) approach to ...

  7. A small satellite preliminary thermal control and heat shield analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melani Barreiro, Diego A

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of a student owned small satellite project, a preliminary thermal control and heat shield analysis was developed to verify acceptable performance requirements for the system. For the thermal control section, the ...

  8. Plasma-satellite interaction driven magnetic field perturbations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saeed-ur-Rehman, E-mail: surehman@ualberta.ca [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1 (Canada); Theoretical Physics Division, PINSTECH, Nilore Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Marchand, Richard, E-mail: Richard.Marchand@ualberta.ca [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1 (Canada)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first fully kinetic quantitative estimate of magnetic field perturbations caused by the interaction of a spacecraft with space environment. Such perturbations could affect measurements of geophysical magnetic fields made with very sensitive magnetometers on-board satellites. Our approach is illustrated with a calculation of perturbed magnetic fields near the recently launched Swarm satellites. In this case, magnetic field perturbations do not exceed 20 pT, and they are below the sensitivity threshold of the on-board magnetometers. Anticipating future missions in which satellites and instruments would be subject to more intense solar UV radiation, however, it appears that magnetic field perturbations associated with satellite interaction with space environment, might approach or exceed instruments' sensitivity thresholds.

  9. Remote sensing of terrestrial tropospheric aerosols from aircraft and satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote sensing of terrestrial tropospheric aerosols from aircraft and satellites M I Mishchenko1 instruments suitable for aerosol remote sensing and give examples of aerosol retrievals obtained forcing directly by absorbing and reflecting sunlight, thereby cooling or heating the atmosphere

  10. A mathematical simulation of earth satellite explosion debris orbital elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mabrey, Wayne Edward

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    perspective: (1) By simulating the explosion of a satellite we mean that: given the knowledge of' the number of pieces and the force vector of each piece, we will simulate the resulting trajectories. (2) The simulation of a satellite trajectory... classical elements of each debris piece as a function of: (1) the trajectory of the center of mass of *he explosion debris and (2) the explosive forces. Computer program modules are developed to create an explosion and calculate the elements of each...

  11. Determination of wind from Nimbus-6 satellite sounding data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carle, William Everett

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DETERMINATION OF WIND FROM NIMBUS-6 SATELLITE SOUNDING DATA A Thesis by WILLIAM EVERETT CARLE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfil!. ment of the requirement for the deg. . ec of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1979 Major Subject: Meteorology DETEIQ&INATION OE WIND PROS1 NINEDS-6 SATELLITE SOUNDING DATA A Thesis WILLIA11 EVERETT CARLE Aporoved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Commi tee) Nember) (Head of Department) December 1979...

  12. FPGA Implementation of a Satellite Attitude Control using Variable Structure Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aboelaze, Mokhtar

    the weight and power consumption of the satellite. Failure to properly control the satellite can leadFPGA Implementation of a Satellite Attitude Control using Variable Structure Control Mokhtar Dept. of Electrical Engineering Effat University Jeddah Saudi Arabia Abstract-- Satellite control

  13. Porosity and surface area evolution during weathering of two igneous rocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Navarre-Sitchler, Alexis [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Cole, David [Ohio State University; Rother, Gernot [ORNL; Jin, Lixin [University of Texas, El Paso; Buss, Heather [University of Bristol, UK; Brantley, S. L. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During weathering, rocks release nutrients and storewater vital for growth ofmicrobial and plant life. Thus, the growth of porosity as weathering advances into bedrock is a life-sustaining process for terrestrial ecosystems. Here, we use small-angle and ultra small-angle neutron scattering to show how porosity develops during initial weathering under tropical conditions of two igneous rock compositions, basaltic andesite and quartz diorite. The quartz diorite weathers spheroidally while the basaltic andesite does not. The weathering advance rates of the two systems also differ, perhaps due to this difference in mechanism, from 0.24 to 100 mm kyr1, respectively. The scattering data document how surfaces inside the feldspar-dominated rocks change as weathering advances into the protolith. In the unaltered rocks, neutrons scatter fromtwo types of featureswhose dimensions vary from6 nmto 40 lm: pores and bumps on pore grain surfaces. These features result in scattering data for both unaltered rocks that document multi-fractal behavior: scattering is best described by amass fractal dimension (Dm) and a surface fractal dimension (Ds) for features of length scales greater than and less than 1 lm, respectively. In the basaltic andesite, Dm is approximately 2.9 and Ds is approximately 2.7. The mechanism of solute transport during weathering of this rock is diffusion. Porosity and surface area increase from 1.5%to 8.5%and 3 to 23 m2 g1 respectively in a relatively consistent trend across themm-thick plagioclase reaction front. Across this front, both fractal dimensions decrease, consistentwith development of amoremonodisperse pore networkwith smoother pore surfaces. Both changes are consistent largely with increasing connectivity of pores without significant surface roughening, as expected for transport-limited weathering. In contrast, porosity and surface area increase from 1.3% to 9.5% and 1.5 to 13 m2 g1 respectively across a many cm-thick reaction front in the spheroidally weathering quartz diorite. In that rock, Dm is approximately 2.8 andDs is approximately 2.5 prior to weathering. These two fractals transform during weathering to multiple surface fractals as micro-cracking reduces the size of diffusion-limited subzones of thematrix.Across the reaction front of plagioclase in the quartz diorite, the specific surface area and porosity change very little until the pointwhere the rock disaggregates into saprolite. The different patterns in porosity development of the two rocks are attributed to advective infiltration plus diffusion in the rock that spheroidally fractures versus diffusion-only in the rock that does not. Fracturing apparently diminishes the size of the diffusion-limited parts of the spheroidally weathering rock system to promote infiltration of meteoric fluids, thereforeexplaining the faster weathering advance rate into that rock.

  14. THE MASSIVE SATELLITE POPULATION OF MILKY-WAY-SIZED GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez-Puebla, Aldo; Avila-Reese, Vladimir; Drory, Niv, E-mail: apuebla@astro.unam.mx [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A. P. 70-264, 04510 Mexico, DF (Mexico)

    2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Several occupational distributions for satellite galaxies more massive than m{sub *} Almost-Equal-To 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} M{sub Sun} around Milky-Way (MW)-sized hosts are presented and used to predict the internal dynamics of these satellites as a function of m{sub *}. For the analysis, a large galaxy group mock catalog is constructed on the basis of (sub)halo-to-stellar mass relations fully constrained with currently available observations, namely the galaxy stellar mass function decomposed into centrals and satellites, and the two-point correlation functions at different masses. We find that 6.6% of MW-sized galaxies host two satellites in the mass range of the Small and Large Magellanic Clouds (SMC and LMC, respectively). The probabilities of the MW-sized galaxies having one satellite equal to or larger than the LMC, two satellites equal to or larger than the SMC, or three satellites equal to or larger than Sagittarius (Sgr) are Almost-Equal-To 0.26, 0.14, and 0.14, respectively. The cumulative satellite mass function of the MW, N{sub s} ({>=}m{sub *}) , down to the mass of the Fornax dwarf is within the 1{sigma} distribution of all the MW-sized galaxies. We find that MW-sized hosts with three satellites more massive than Sgr (as the MW) are among the most common cases. However, the most and second most massive satellites in these systems are smaller than the LMC and SMC by roughly 0.7 and 0.8 dex, respectively. We conclude that the distribution N{sub s} ({>=}m{sub *}) for MW-sized galaxies is quite broad, the particular case of the MW being of low frequency but not an outlier. The halo mass of MW-sized galaxies correlates only weakly with N{sub s} ({>=}m{sub *}). Then, it is not possible to accurately determine the MW halo mass by means of its N{sub s} ({>=}m{sub *}); from our catalog, we constrain a lower limit of 1.38 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} M{sub Sun} at the 1{sigma} level. Our analysis strongly suggests that the abundance of massive subhalos should agree with the abundance of massive satellites in all MW-sized hosts, i.e., there is not a missing (massive) satellite problem for the {Lambda}CDM cosmology. However, we confirm that the maximum circular velocity, v{sub max}, of the subhalos of satellites smaller than m{sub *} {approx} 10{sup 8} M{sub Sun} is systematically larger than the v{sub max} inferred from current observational studies of the MW bright dwarf satellites; different from previous works, this conclusion is based on an analysis of the overall population of MW-sized galaxies. Some pieces of evidence suggest that the issue could refer only to satellite dwarfs but not to central dwarfs, then environmental processes associated with dwarfs inside host halos combined with supernova-driven core expansion should be on the basis of the lowering of v{sub max}.

  15. ATS 680 A6: Applied Numerical Weather Prediction MW, 1:00-1:50 PM, ACRC Room 212B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Parameterization Schemes: Keys to Understanding Numerical Weather Prediction Models, Cambridge University Press in class. Numerical model The primary numerical model that will be u

  16. The role of reaction affinity and secondary minerals in regulating chemical weathering rates at the Santa Cruz Soil Chronosequence, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maher, K.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on Reaction- Rates among Minerals and Aqueous-Solutions .1.as a result of secondary mineral precipitation and approachterm and Contemporary Mineral Weathering rates. Geochim.

  17. A Comparison of Parallel Programming Paradigms and Data Distributions for a Limited Area Numerical Weather Forecast Routine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Engelen, Robert A.

    . Published in proceedings of the 9 th ACM International Conference on Supercomputing, July 1995, Barcelona for producing routine weather forecasts at several European meteorological institutes. Results are shown

  18. Basalt weathering rates on Earth and the duration of liquid water on the plains of Gusev Crater, Mars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hausrath, E.M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Basalt weathering rates on Earth and the duration of liquidCarlisle, PA 17013 Earth Sciences Division, Lawrencetime to liquid water: on Earth, mineral persistence times

  19. Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and Weather for a Medium-Size Office Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Liping

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Buildingand actual building energy consumption can be attributed touncertainties in energy consumption due to actual weather

  20. Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons: Maintaining the Privacy of Applicants for and Recipients of Services

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Amending regulations to require all States and other service providers that participate in the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) to treat all requests for information concerning applicants...

  1. Monitoring large enrichment plants using thermal imagery from commercial satellites: A case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adam Bernstein

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal imagery from commercial satellites is an interesting candidate technology for use as a verification tool for the purpose of monitoring certain types of fissile material production sites. Examples of its potential treaty applications include the Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT) or a Fissile Material Production Moratorium. To help determine the capabilities and limitations of such imagery as a monitoring tool, the author has examined archived LANDSAT-5 images of the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, a large US uranium-enrichment facility in Ohio. This analysis indicates that large-scale gaseous diffusion plants can very likely be recognized as operational with thermal imagery throughout most of the year in clear weather conditions. It may also be possible to identify certain other large-scale qualitative changes in operations, such as the shut-down of a single process building in a plant, by a comparison of its temperature with the temperatures of neighboring operational process buildings. However, uncertainties in the current data set prevent a definitive conclusion regarding the latter capability. This study identifies intrinsic weaknesses, including vulnerability to countermeasures, that prevent thermal imagery from satellites from being a robust standalone verification tool, even for very large enrichment plants. Nonetheless, the imagery may be useful as a trigger for an on-site inspection, to alert and train inspectors prior to an inspection, and possibly to reduce the frequency of on-site inspections required at a given site. It could have some immediate utility for monitoring the two large gaseous diffusion plants the US and the French plant at Tricastin, and possibly for determining the operational status of two gaseous diffusion plants in China as well--a total of five plants worldwide. The ease of acquisition and modest cost of thermal commercial imagery further increase its attractiveness as a verification tool. In addition to these basic results, the author considers the influence on performance of improvements in spatial resolution in the thermal band expected from new and future platforms. He also discusses the effects of external factors such as convective cooling of the roofs, solar heating, the atmosphere, emissivity changes, and deliberate countermeasures--all of which can adversely affect measurements.

  2. Exposure of Polymeric Glazing Materials Using NREL's Ultra-Accelerated Weathering System (UAWS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bingham, C.; Jorgensen, G.; Wylie, A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL's Ultra-Accelerated Weathering System (UAWS) selectively reflects and concentrates natural sunlight ultraviolet irradiance below 475 nm onto exposed samples to provide accelerated weathering of materials while keeping samples within realistic temperature limits. This paper will explain the design and implementation of the UAWS which allow it to simulate the effect of years of weathering in weeks of exposure. Exposure chamber design and instrumentation will be discussed for both a prototype UAWS used to test glazing samples as well as a commercial version of UAWS. Candidate polymeric glazing materials have been subjected to accelerated exposure testing at a light intensity level of up to 50 UV suns for an equivalent outdoor exposure in Miami, FL exceeding 15 years. Samples include an impact modified acrylic, fiberglass, and polycarbonate having several thin UV-screening coatings. Concurrent exposure is carried out for identical sample sets at two different temperatures to allow thermal effects to be quantified along with resistance to UV.

  3. Secular Changes in Solar Magnetic Flux Amplification Factor and Prediction of Space Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. E. Girish; G. Gopkumar

    2010-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We could infer a secular decreasing trend in the poloidal to toroidal solar magnetic flux amplification factor ( Af) using geomagnetic observations ( classic and IHV corrected aa indices) during the sunspot cycles 9-23. A similar decreasing trend is also observed for the solar equatorial rotation (W) which imply possibly a decrease in the efficiency of the solar dynamo during the above period. We could show correlated changes of Af and extreme space weather activity variations near earth since the middle of the 19th century. Indirect solar observations ( solar proton fluence estimates) suggests that the distinct enhancements in extreme space weather activity , Af and W found during sunspot cycles 10 to 15 is probably largest of that kind during the past 400 years. We find that the sunspot activity can reach an upper limit (Rweather conditions is most probable to occur during this cycle. Key words: Flux amplification,solar dynamo, space weather, predictions,cycle 24

  4. NATIONAL EVALUATION OF THE WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM DURING THE ARRA PERIOD: PROGRAM YEARS 2009-2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tonn, Bruce Edward [ORNL; Rose, Erin M [ORNL; Schmoyer, Richard L [ORNL; Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL; Ternes, Mark P [ORNL; Schweitzer, Martin [ORNL; Hendrick, Timothy P [ORNL

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the third major evaluation of the Program, encompassing program years 2009 to 2011. In this report, this period of time is referred to as the ARRA Period. This is a special period of time for the Program because the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 has allocated $5 billion of funding for the Program. In normal program years, WAP s annual appropriation is in the range of $200-250 million, supporting the weatherization of approximately 100,000 homes. With the addition of ARRA funding during these program years, the expectation is that weatherization activity will exceed 300,000 homes per year. In addition to saving energy and reducing low-income energy bills, expanded WAP funding is expected to stimulate the economy by providing new jobs in the weatherization field and allowing low-income households to spend more money on goods and services by spending less on energy.

  5. EXPANDING THE MODIFIED GAUSSIAN MODEL TO INCLUDE THE SPACE WEATHERING EFFECTS: ESTIMATION OF THE WEATHERING DEGREES OF PULSE-LASER TREATED OLIVINE SAMPLES. Y.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroi, Takahiro

    OF THE WEATHERING DEGREES OF PULSE-LASER TREATED OLIVINE SAMPLES. Y. Ueda1, 2 , T. Hiroi2 , C. M. Pieters2 and M creating the npFe0 by treating olivine (Fo91) pow- der samples with pulse laser at 1064 nm in wavelength of their olivine samples treated with laser energies of 0, 15, and 30 mJ. The refractive index spectra of Fe

  6. Composition and nutrient digestibility of weather-damaged sorghum in swine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Wendell Craig

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was an elevator- run product obtained from Odem, Texas (WD-ODEM). The other weather- damaged grain was a Redbine x Z Zera cross grown in the Texas A&M Uni- veristy Research and Extension Center test nursery at Corpus Christi (WD-CCTN). Some of this same grain... trial through physical and chemical analyses, amino acid composition and gross energy content. The two weather-damaged grains (WD-ODEM) and (WD-CCTN) were classed as U. S. No. 4 and sample grade with 28. 6 and 23. 0X damaged kernels and 68. 4 and 67...

  7. U. S e Weather Bureau. Father, Septs 12-26, 19&.e00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. S e Weather Bureau. Father, Septs 12-26, 19&.e00 . #12;Qc 9 6 J - ,Ba- u.5,WEATHER BUREAU I U Septomber 11-26,1961 (A Preliminary Report) Hurricane Esther which a l e r t e d t h e e e s t e r n seaboard from t h e C n r o l i n a s t o New England recurved o f f t h o c o a s t in s u f f i c i e n

  8. TechNoteswww.ll.mit.edu July 2014 Weather forecasts are critical to effectively

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Rafael

    contains the radiometer installed at the top and the CubeSat bus whose solar panels open out once in orbit a host satellite, it will fly with its solar panels opened out like petals of a flower. These panels

  9. Evaluation of numerical weather prediction for intra-day solar forecasting in the continental United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathiesen, Patrick; Kleissl, Jan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and validation.   Solar Energy.   73:5, 307? Perez, R. , irradiance forecasts for solar energy applications based on using satellite data.   Solar Energy 67:1?3, 139?150.  

  10. A Baryonic Solution to the Missing Satellites Problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brooks, Alyson M.; Kuhlen, Michael; Zolotov, Adi; Hooper, Dan

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been demonstrated that the inclusion of baryonic physics can alter the dark matter densities in the centers of low-mass galaxies, making the central dark matter slope more shallow than predicted in pure cold dark matter simulations. This flattening of the dark matter profile can occur in the most luminous subhalos around Milky Way mass galaxies. Zolotov et al. have suggested a correction to be applied to the central masses of dark matter-only satellites in order to mimic the affect of (1) the flattening of the dark matter cusp due to supernova feedback in luminous satellites and (2) enhanced tidal stripping due to the presence of a baryonic disk. In this paper, we apply this correction to the z = 0 subhalo masses from the high resolution, dark matter-only Via Lactea II (VL2) simulation, and find that the number of massive subhalos is dramatically reduced. After adopting a stellar mass to halo mass relationship for the VL2 halos, and identifying subhalos that are (1) likely to be destroyed by stripping and (2) likely to have star formation suppressed by photo-heating, we find that the number of massive, luminous satellites around a Milky Way mass galaxy is in agreement with the number of observed satellites around the Milky Way or M31. We conclude that baryonic processes have the potential to solve the missing satellites problem

  11. Geospatial Visualization of Global Satellite Images with Vis-EROS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Standart, G. D.; Stulken, K. R.; Zhang, Xuesong; Zong, Ziliang

    2011-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center of U.S. Geological Survey is currently managing and maintaining the world largest satellite images distribution system, which provides 24/7 free download service for researchers all over the globe in many areas such as Geology, Hydrology, Climate Modeling, and Earth Sciences. A large amount of geospatial data contained in satellite images maintained by EROS is generated every day. However, this data is not well utilized due to the lack of efficient data visualization tools. This software implements a method for visualizing various characteristics of the global satellite image download requests. More specifically, Keyhole Markup Language (KML) files are generated which can be loaded into an earth browser such as Google Earth. Colored rectangles associated with stored satellite scenes are painted onto the earth browser; and the color and opacity of each rectangle is varied as a function of the popularity of the corresponding satellite image. An analysis of the geospatial information obtained relative to specified time constraints provides an ability to relate image download requests to environmental, political, and social events.

  12. DARK SATELLITES AND THE MORPHOLOGY OF DWARF GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helmi, Amina; Starkenburg, E.; Starkenburg, T. K.; Vera-Ciro, C. A. [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands); Sales, L. V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany); De Lucia, G. [INAF-Astronomical Observatory of Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, I-34143 Trieste (Italy); Li, Y.-S., E-mail: ahelmi@astro.rug.nl [Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the strongest predictions of the {Lambda}CDM cosmological model is the presence of dark satellites orbiting all types of galaxies. We focus here on the dynamical effects of such satellites on disky dwarf galaxies, and demonstrate that these encounters can be dramatic. Although mergers with M{sub sat} > M{sub d} are not very common, because of the lower baryonic content they occur much more frequently on the dwarf scale than for L{sub *} galaxies. As an example, we present a numerical simulation of a 20% (virial) mass ratio merger between a dark satellite and a disky dwarf (akin to the Fornax dwarf galaxy in luminosity) that shows that the merger remnant has a spheroidal morphology. Perturbations by dark satellites thus provide a plausible path for the formation of dSph systems. The transition from disky to the often amorphous, irregular, or spheroidal morphologies of dwarfs could be a natural consequence of the dynamical heating of hitherto unobservable dark satellites.

  13. Experimental Single-Photon Transmission from Satellite to Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan Yin; Yuan Cao; Shu-Bin Liu; Ge-Sheng Pan; Jin-Hong Wang; Tao Yang; Zhong-Ping Zhang; Fu-Min Yang; Yu-Ao Chen; Cheng-Zhi Peng; Jian-Wei Pan

    2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Free-space quantum communication with satellites opens a promising avenue for global secure quantum network and large-scale test of quantum foundations. Recently, numerous experimental efforts have been carried out towards this ambitious goal. However, one essential step - transmitting single photons from the satellite to the ground with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at realistic environments - remains experimental challenging. Here, we report a direct experimental demonstration of the satellite-ground transmission of a quasi-single-photon source. In the experiment, single photons (~0.85 photon per pulse) are generated by reflecting weak laser pulses back to earth with a cube-corner retro-reflector on the satellite Champ, collected by a 600-mm diameter telescope at the ground station, and finally detected by single-photon counting modules (SPCMs) after 400-km free-space link transmission. With the help of high accuracy time synchronization, narrow receiver field-of-view (FOV) and high-repetition-rate pulses (76 MHz), a SNR of better than 16:1 is obtained, which is sufficient for a secure quantum key distribution. Our experimental results represent an important step towards satellite-ground quantum communication.

  14. The Quality of a 48-Hours Wind Power Forecast Using the German and Danish Weather Prediction Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    numerical weather prediction models operated by the weather services are refined by taking into account stock exchange. The typical predic- tion time horizon which is needed for these purposes is 3 to 48 are applied taking into account the effects from lo- cal roughness, thermal stratification of the atmosphere

  15. "I want to be a Captain! I want to be a Captain!": Gamification in the Old Weather Citizen Science Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sriram

    "I want to be a Captain! I want to be a Captain!": Gamification in the Old Weather Citizen Science Gamification is increasingly implemented in citizen science projects as a means of motivating and sustaining to exploit the narrative appeal of a project such as Old Weather. In contrast to previous citizen science

  16. Introduction to Weather and Climate Lab L1 Monday, 2:00-4:40 pm Nat. Res. 108

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ATS 351 Introduction to Weather and Climate Lab Fall 2013 L1 ­ Monday, 2:00-4:40 pm ­ Nat. Res. 108, Lab 10 returned 15*+ 12/9 Severe Weather and Lightning 13 Lab 12 due, Lab 11 returned 16 Climate

  17. HOW DOES SPACE WEATHERING DEPEND ON THE SURFACE CONDITION OF AIRLESS BODIES (ASTEROIDS, THE MOON, AND MERCURY)? S. Sasaki1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroi, Takahiro

    HOW DOES SPACE WEATHERING DEPEND ON THE SURFACE CONDITION OF AIRLESS BODIES (ASTEROIDS, THE MOON.S.A. Introduction: The surface of airless silicate bodies in the solar system show darkening of overall reflectance, spectral redden- ing, and attenuation of absorption bands in time. Space weathering is considered

  18. Static and Fatigue Analysis of Wind Turbine Blades Subject to Cold Weather Conditions Using Finite Element Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Static and Fatigue Analysis of Wind Turbine Blades Subject to Cold Weather Conditions Using Finite Turbine Blades Subject to Cold Weather Conditions Using Finite Element Analysis by Patricio Andres Lillo experienced in candi- date Canadian wind turbine deployment locations. The thesis then narrows its focus

  19. Tracking target objects orbiting earth using satellite-based telescopes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    De Vries, Willem H; Olivier, Scot S; Pertica, Alexander J

    2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for tracking objects that are in earth orbit via a constellation or network of satellites having imaging devices is provided. An object tracking system includes a ground controller and, for each satellite in the constellation, an onboard controller. The ground controller receives ephemeris information for a target object and directs that ephemeris information be transmitted to the satellites. Each onboard controller receives ephemeris information for a target object, collects images of the target object based on the expected location of the target object at an expected time, identifies actual locations of the target object from the collected images, and identifies a next expected location at a next expected time based on the identified actual locations of the target object. The onboard controller processes the collected image to identify the actual location of the target object and transmits the actual location information to the ground controller.

  20. Dust en-route to Jupiter and the Galilean satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krüger, H; Krueger, Harald; Gruen, Eberhard

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spacecraft investigations during the last ten years have vastly improved our knowledge about dust in the Jovian system. All Galilean satellites, and probably all smaller satellites as well, are sources of dust in the Jovian system. In-situ measurements with the dust detectors on board the Ulysses and Galileo spacecraft have for the first time demonstrated the electromagnetic interaction of charged dust grains with the interplanetary magnetic field and with a planetary magnetosphere. Jupiter's magnetosphere acts as a giant mass-velocity spectrometer for charged 10-nanometer dust grains. These dust grains are released from Jupiter's moon Io with typical rate of 1 kg s^1. The dust streams probe the plasma conditions in the Io plasma torus and can be used as a potential monitor of Io's volcanic plume activity. The other Galilean satellites are surrounded by tenuous impact-generated clouds of mostly sub-micrometer ejecta grains. Galileo measurements have demonstrated that impact-ejecta derived from hypervelocity i...