Sample records for geography states countries

  1. THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    The American stream restoration field is an unusual state, convulsed since the mid-1990s by a struggle that has seen not just as scientifically legitimate, but as a more legitimate basis for stream restoration, but in political economic forces internal and external to the stream restoration field. Simply put, Rosgen met

  2. Page 322 Courses: Geography (GEOG) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog Geography (GEOG)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    outside the United States (2-3). Cultural and physical studies of people and laces through travel reports in French. Prerequisite: FR 300 (may be taken concurrently). Satisfies GE Area C3 (Comparative

  3. DESIGNATED COUNTRIES (10/07/2008) This list of "Designated Countries" is a compilation of countries with which the United States has no diplomatic relations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    X ** TH Thailand X TW Taiwan X TC United Arab Emirates X VE Venezuela X VM Vietnam X YM Yemen X X ZI with which the United States has no diplomatic relations, countries determined by Department of State to support terrorism, countries under Sanction or Embargo by the United States and countries of Missile

  4. GeoSim: A GIS-Based Simulation Laboratory for Introductory Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaffer, Clifford A.

    scenarios to be displayed at one time for each country. Modeling of Migration in the United States relates* and Department of Geography** Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Blacksburg, VA 24061 email are as follows. International Population allows students to investigate the effects of altered birth, death

  5. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halverson, Mark A.; Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

    2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in U.S., including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in the U.S.

  6. COMPUTERIZED SIMULATIONS FOR INTRODUCTORY GEOGRAPHY INSTRUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaffer, Clifford A.

    , distribution, and density. The student will be able to investigate the effect of changing birth and death rates Power in the United States and Department of Geography, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia. #12;naive

  7. Enforcing boundaries : globalization, state power and the geography of cross- border consumption in Tijuana, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murià Tuñón, Magalí

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on “the other side”, they still preferred it to PEMEX 11 .A high PEMEX is the state-owned petroleum monopoly inof buying Shell instead of PEMEX, or American butter rather

  8. Geography of Existing and Potential Alternative Fuel Markets in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.; Hettinger, D.

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When deploying alternative fuels, it is paramount to match the right fuel with the right location, in accordance with local market conditions. We used six market indicators to evaluate the existing and potential regional market health for each of the five most commonly deployed alternative fuels: electricity (used by plug-in electric vehicles), biodiesel (blends of B20 and higher), E85 ethanol, compressed natural gas (CNG), and propane. Each market indicator was mapped, combined, and evaluated by industry experts. This process revealed the weight the market indicators should be given, with the proximity of fueling stations being the most important indicator, followed by alternative fuel vehicle density, gasoline prices, state incentives, nearby resources, and finally, environmental benefit. Though markets vary among states, no state received 'weak' potential for all five fuels, indicating that all states have an opportunity to use at least one alternative fuel. California, Illinois, Indiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington appear to have the best potential markets for alternative fuels in general, with each sporting strong markets for four of the fuels. Wyoming showed the least potential, with weak markets for all alternative fuels except for CNG, for which it has a patchy market. Of all the fuels, CNG is promising in the greatest number of states--largely because freight traffic provides potential demand for many far-reaching corridor markets and because the sources of CNG are so widespread geographically.

  9. Evaluating socio-economic state of a country analyzing airtime credit and mobile phone datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutierrez, Thoralf; Blondel, Vincent D

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reliable statistical information is important to make political decisions on a sound basis and to help measure the impact of policies. Unfortunately, statistics offices in developing countries have scarce resources and statistical censuses are therefore conducted sporadically. Based on mobile phone communications and history of airtime credit purchases, we estimate the relative income of individuals, the diversity and inequality of income, and an indicator for socioeconomic segregation for fine-grained regions of an African country. Our study shows how to use mobile phone datasets as a starting point to understand the socio-economic state of a country, which can be especially useful in countries with few resources to conduct large surveys.

  10. Shonday Harmon City/state/country of origin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Leadership in Higher Education What do you like best about Tulsa? Tulsa is a cultural center for the state, Tulsa is on the cusp of major growth and tourism. Where is your favorite place on OSU-Tulsa campus free time? I love attending festivals and live music events around Tulsa. You can usually find me

  11. About the State of Michigan With almost 10 million residents, Michigan is the country's eighth most

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Kathleen

    About the State of Michigan With almost 10 million residents, Michigan is the country's eighth most sales hit Michigan hard in the early 2000s, but the state has mounted an impressive comeback, overcoming double-digit unemployment and creating more than 200,000 private sector jobs. Situation As Michigan

  12. Employee Acknowledgment of Risks in Traveling to Countries on the State Department's Travel Warning List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Jeffrey

    Employee Acknowledgment of Risks in Traveling to Countries on the State Department's Travel Warning List I acknowledge that I have read the U.S. State Department Travel Warning regarding travel warnings and I accept responsibility for keeping myself informed of such changes. I acknowledge that travel

  13. Social Sustainability: Geography 446

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Social Sustainability: Geography 446 submitted to Sally Hermansen & Lorna Seppala The University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC Curranne Labercane February 4th, 2009 #12;Definition Social Sustainability- A socially sustainable community provides an inclusive, equitable, and decent quality of life for current

  14. School of Geography and Development Speaker Series Fall 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    . of Geography, University of North Texas Energy governance, urban extraction, and new geographies of fracking

  15. Geology, Environmental Science, Geography, Environmental Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, James R.

    2011 Geology, Environmental Science, Geography, Environmental Management Postgraduate Handbook #12 Environmental Management 14 Environmental Science 18 Geography 22 Geographic Information Science 26 Geology, Environmental Science, Geography, Environmental Management Postgraduate Handbook Editors David Hayward, Ilse

  16. The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic safety: a time geography explanation Guangqing Chi a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic safety: a time geography explanation Guangqing Chi, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Time geography Gasoline prices Traffic safety Traffic crashes Fatal crashes Space­time path a b s t r a c t The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic

  17. PhD Studentships in Human Geography at the University of Glasgow, 2014-15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    and Militarism Political Cultures of Internationalism Historical Geographies of Labour and Resistance Geographies of the Natural Sciences Geographies of Children and Childhoods Historical-Cultural Geographies of Landscape Animal Geographies and More-than-Human Geographies Questioning Scottish Heritage Specific

  18. Geography 484: Internship Statement of Agreement between

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geography 484: Internship Statement of Agreement between Internship Director, Student, and Professor Student Intern Name: Internship Director: Professor of Record: Dr. William D. Heyman, Department of Geography Internship Title: The Student Agrees to: 1. Complete the internship giving a minimum of ____hours

  19. * City, State, Country:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch >Internship ProgramBiomassUniversityNuclear SecurityFeb 16 17 18 19

  20. Country Name Address Town State Postcode Telephone Email ARGENTINA CW International Education Piso 6 A, Ciudad Buenos Aires 1425 54 11 48010867 info@cwinternationaleducation.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    Country Name Address Town State Postcode Telephone Email ARGENTINA CW International Education Piso 6 A, Ciudad Buenos Aires 1425 54 11 48010867 info@cwinternationaleducation.com ARGENTINA Latino Australia Education - Buenos Aires Riobamba 972 4C Buenos Aires 11 37931600 argentina

  1. Planetary geography: a college course curriculum development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, Greg Alan

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consists of six units, including an introduction to physical geography and the solar system, a review of planetary morphologic processes, and units about the Moon, Mercury, Venus, and Mars. The introduction to the solar system provides basic information...

  2. THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    & Space Sciences University of California at Los Angeles This talk will present a politically neutral, for example in urbanization, population aging, energy technology, water supply, immigration, and the rising economies of China, India and the developing world. The second part ("The Pull") describes transformations

  3. THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    ) and built patented 3D models of terrain which prefigured today's "3D printing." In the concluding part

  4. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relatively large with an installed capacity of about 110,000For example, MH has an installed capacity of about 15,000 MW20% of the total installed capacity in the country. The

  5. Transnational Social Networks and Globalization: The Geography of California's Exports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deo Bardhan, Ashok; Howe, David K.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE GEOGRAPHY OF CALIFORNIA’S EXPORTS B These papers areGeography of California’s Exports Ashok Deo Bardhan & Davidof California's Exports, Working Paper 98-262. Fisher

  6. ELLEN STONE MOSLEY-THOMPSON Distinguished University Professor, Department of Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    1 ELLEN STONE MOSLEY-THOMPSON Distinguished University Professor, Department of Geography Director, Byrd Polar Research Center The Ohio State University, Columbus OH thompson.4@osu.edu; phone 614 (125) 2013 Thompson, L.G., E. Mosley-Thompson, M.E. Davis, V.S. Zagorodnov, I.M. Howat, V.N. Mikhalenko

  7. ELLEN STONE MOSLEY-THOMPSON Distinguished University Professor, Department of Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    1 ELLEN STONE MOSLEY-THOMPSON Distinguished University Professor, Department of Geography Director, Byrd Polar Research Center The Ohio State University, Columbus OH thompson.4@osu.edu; phone 614 are available at http://bprc.osu.edu/Icecore/Abstracts/Publications.html 2013 Thompson, L.G., E. Mosley-Thompson

  8. The Founding of ALA's Map and Geography Round Table : Looking Back to See the Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weimer, Katherine H.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1979, a group of map librarians founded the American Library Association’s Map and Geography Round Table (MAGERT). An examination of the organization’s creation and early history offers a glimpse into the state of map librarianship at that time...

  9. TRENT UNIVERSITY Geography 356H -Pedology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Michael

    . 45. Ontario Institute of Pedology. Hausenbuiller, R.L., Soil Science, Wm. C. Brown, 1985. Hillel, D. 1971. Soil and Water: Physical Principles and Processes. Academic Press. Hole, F.D. and J.B. Campbell in Geography courses. #12;READING LIST Course Text Rowell, D.L. 1994. Soil Science: Methods and Applications

  10. The Undergrad Major in Geography or Cartography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    honors in the major Cancel a major in Geography or Cartography Interpret a DARS report (or What-If DARS if you haven't yet declared) for your major to see what requirements you need to fulfill Explain and substitutions in your L&S degree (BA,BS) Arrange for a course substitution for your major (DARS Exception

  11. BIODIVERSITY The geography of climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraft, Nathan

    BIODIVERSITY REVIEW The geography of climate change: implications for conservation biogeography D. J. B. Kraft1 INTRODUCTION It is widely recognized that climate change poses a grave threat., 2007). The impacts of climate change are broadly detectable in many taxa, including shifts in phenology

  12. Geography 484: Internship Instructor: William D. Heyman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Geography 484: Internship Instructor: William D. Heyman Office: CSA 205D Office Hours@tamu.edu ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Course Description: This internship course will provide students with the chance to gain experience. At the end the internship the student should have more of the necessary skills to help translate their chosen

  13. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reform in the U.S. Electricity Sector. ” Journal of EconomicCrises in the Electricity Sector: The Case of Maharashtra.of the MH state electricity sector that create unique

  14. CFL Labeling Harmonization in the United States, China, Brazil andELI Member Countries: Specifications, Testing, and MutualRecognition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fridley, David; Lin, Jiang; Denver, Andrea; Biermayer, Peter; Dillavou, Tyler

    2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines critical differences among energy-efficient labeling programs for CFLs in Brazil, China, the United States, and the seven members of the international Efficient Lighting Initiative (ELI) in terms of technical specifications and test procedures, and review issues related to international harmonization of these standards.

  15. Whitened geographies and education inequalities in southern Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Andrew; Radcliffe, Sarah A.

    2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    to a European model of modernization and state building as a country “without Indians” (Mitnick 2004). As in Argentina and Uruguay, Chile viewed itself un-problematically as the inheritor of a whitened European ideal, whilst indigenous presence...

  16. Geography-informed Energy Conservation for Ad Hoc Routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Ya; Heidemann, John; Estrin, D

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geography-informed Energy Conservation for Ad Hoc Routingof network lifetime, energy conservation, and data deliverypowers node off for energy conservation while G A F - m a

  17. Regulated Public Environments: The New Geography of US Urban Poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rongerude, Jane

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New Landscapes of Poverty Management,” !" #$%&'($)*+The New Geography of US Urban Poverty residents, boards, andthrough the project of poverty management. “Public” includes

  18. IEA Bioenergy Task 40Sustainable International Bioenergy Trade:Securing Supply and Demand Country Report 2014—United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Richard Hess; Patrick Lamers; Mohammad S. Roni; Jacob J. Jacobson; Brendi Heath

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Logistical barrier are tied to feedstock harvesting, collection, storage and distribution. Current crop harvesting machinery is unable to selectively harvest preferred components of cellulosic biomass while maintaining acceptable levels of soil carbon and minimizing erosion. Actively managing biomass variability imposes additional functional requirements on biomass harvesting equipment. A physiological variation in biomass arises from differences in genetics, degree of crop maturity, geographical location, climatic events, and harvest methods. This variability presents significant cost and performance risks for bioenergy systems. Currently, processing standards and specifications for cellulosic feedstocks are not as well-developed as for mature commodities. Biomass that is stored with high moisture content or exposed to moisture during storage is susceptible to spoilage, rotting, spontaneous combustion, and odor problems. Appropriate storage methods and strategies are needed to better define storage requirements to preserve the volume and quality of harvested biomass over time and maintain its conversion yield. Raw herbaceous biomass is costly to collect, handle, and transport because of its low density and fibrous nature. Existing conventional, bale-based handling equipment and facilities cannot cost-effectively deliver and store high volumes of biomass, even with improved handling techniques. Current handling and transportation systems designed for moving woodchips can be inefficient for bioenergy processes due to the costs and challenges of transporting, storing, and drying high-moisture biomass. The infrastructure for feedstock logistics has not been defined for the potential variety of locations, climates, feedstocks, storage methods, processing alternatives, etc., which will occur at a national scale. When setting up biomass fuel supply chains, for large-scale biomass systems, logistics are a pivotal part in the system. Various studies have shown that long-distance international transport by ship is feasible in terms of energy use and transportation costs, but availability of suitable vessels and meteorological conditions (e.g., winter time in Scandinavia and Russia) need to be considered. However, local transportation by truck (both in biomass exporting and importing countries) may be a high-cost factor, which can influence the overall energy balance and total biomass costs.

  19. THE GEOGRAPHY OF INNOVATION : CHALLENGES TO TECHNOLOGY POLICY WITHIN REGIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 THE GEOGRAPHY OF INNOVATION : CHALLENGES TO TECHNOLOGY POLICY WITHIN REGIONS MURIEL FADAIRO, to access knowledge, to use knowledge." (P. Maskell, 2001) The "Geography of Innovation"1 is based of the innovation activities. It focuses on an attempt to measure the spatial dimension of knowledge externalities

  20. Country Analysis Briefs

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

  1. Page 326 Courses: Geography (GEOG) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog Geography (GEOG)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    studies of people and laces through travel, observation and interaction, and oral and written analysis average) per unit, participation in a seminar or conferences, and a final report. Placement must

  2. ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY COMPUTER-SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY MATHEMATICS PHYSICS STATISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Phil

    BIOMEDICAL-ENGINEERING ELECTRONIC- ENGINEERING ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY COMPUTER-SCIENCE GEOGRAPHY MATHEMATICS PHYSICS STATISTICS HEALTHCARE BIOMEDICAL-ENGINEERING ELECTRONIC-ENGINEERING ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY C H HEALTHCARE BIOMEDICAL-ENGINEERING ELECTRONIC-ENGINEERING ASTRONOMY BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY COMPUTER

  3. Aspects of spatial thinking in geography textbook questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Injeong

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined questions embedded in four high school world geography textbooks to evaluate the degree to which the three components of spatial thinking were incorporated: concepts of space, tools of representation, and processes of reasoning...

  4. Geography: Critical Factors in the Analysis of Complex Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Ivan

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Geography is a disciple of discovery and exploration. From earliest human endeavor until today, it remains the key to understanding human interaction with the landscape. A conceptual framework of geographic factors provides ...

  5. Geographers and globalization: the future of regional geography Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    implications for the survival and even revitalization of regional geography. ``The world is flat'' The first because in classical location theory, whether it is Von Thu« nen's agricultural location theory, Weber's industrial location theory, or Christal

  6. Page 318 Courses: Geography (GEOG) Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog GEOG 314C FiEld ExpEriEnCE BEyOnd nOrthErn CaliFOrnia (2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    the United States (2-3). Cultural and physical studies of people and laces through travel, observation studies of people and laces through travel, observation and interaction, oral and written analy- sis analysis, report writing and the use of field equipment. Field work will be conducted mainly

  7. Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society solar energy pilot study. First follow-up report, October 1979, pilot country: United States; co-pilot countries: Denmark and France. CCMS report No. 110

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During 1973 to 1978, over twenty nations participated in the NATO/CCMS Solar Energy Pilot Study, whose objective was to promote and accelerate the use of solar heating and cooling of buildings. The activities in this information exchange included (1) the regular reporting of national solar heating and cooling programs, (2) the development of a format for reporting the performance of solar heating and cooling systems, (3) the exchange of system performance reports, (4) the establishment of two specialized working groups for solar-assisted low energy dwellings and passive solar applications. At the conclusion of the pilot study in 1978, the participants formulated recommendations for continued action at the international level, as well as for action at the national level. This report describes the progress made in implementing those recommendations. In addition to detailing the steps taken to continue collaboration in various efforts initiated within the Solar Energy Pilot Study, the report contains papers on the 1979 status of the solar heating and cooling programs in seventeen CCMS countries.

  8. Physical Geography, 2008, 29, 2, pp. 140-157. Copyright 2008 by Bellwether Publishing, Ltd. All rights reserved. DOI: 10.2747/0272-3646.29.2.140

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaetzl, Randall

    128 Geography Building Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1117 James Hook of Michigan is simply a series of broad, flat, outwash fans with steep ice-proximal slopes (Blewett, 1991. All rights reserved. DOI: 10.2747/0272-3646.29.2.140 EVIDENCE FOR LOESS IN NORTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN

  9. http://econ.geog.uu.nl/peeg/peeg.html Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balland, Pierre-Alexandre

    http://econ.geog.uu.nl/peeg/peeg.html Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography # 13.25 Modeling Knowledge Networks in Economic Geography: A Discussion of Four Empirical Strategies Tom Broekel, Pierre-Alexandre Balland, Martijn Burger, Frank van Oort #12;1 Modeling Knowledge Networks in Economic Geography

  10. Department of Environmental Studies and Geography STUDENT'S SELF-HELP GUIDE TO PROGRAM PLANNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic Geography ESG 212 Urban Geography ESG 248 Geographyof Food ESG 249 Resource Management ESG 264 ESG 348 Urban Planning ESG 349 Watershed Management ESG 350 Environmental Justice ESG 354 EnvirDepartment of Environmental Studies and Geography STUDENT'S SELF-HELP GUIDE TO PROGRAM PLANNING

  11. The Determinants of Internal Migration in a Developing Country: Quantitative Evidence for Indonesia, 1930-200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Lottum, J; Marks, D

    1   The determinants of internal migration in a developing country: quantitative evidence for Indonesia, 1930-2000 J. van Lottuma* and D. Marksb a Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure, Geography Department... : Internal Migration; Indonesia; Gravity Model; Policy; Development JEL codes: J61; J68; N15; O15 Abstract This study specifies and estimates a gravity model for inter-provincial migration in Indonesia. Using panel data for Indonesia’s 26 provinces...

  12. ARF INVARIANTS AND THE GEOGRAPHY OF EVEN 4--MANIFOLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohr, Christian

    BOHR eight. In [14], P. Teichner proved that every combination of signature and fundamental group intersection form, signature n and fundamental group #5; if and only if n is a multiple of eight and H 1 (#5 form and prescribed fundamental group. As an application, we prove several results on the geography

  13. Geography, Economic Policy and Regional Development in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geography, Economic Policy and Regional Development in China Sylvie Démurger, Jeffrey D. Sachs and Regional Development in China Sylvie Démurger Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) Centre d Woo Economics Department University of California, Davis wtwoo@ucdavis.edu Shuming Bao China Data

  14. Environmental Geography 12:15-1:30 TR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Paul Thomas

    1 Environmental Geography POLI 397 12:15-1:30 TR Maybank 316 Instructor: Dr. Annette Watson 953 connected to local political and environmental struggles? This class critically examines the relationship and environmental problems. Our aim is to understand the complexity of such multi-scale, multi-cultural dynamics. We

  15. Population Geography Class 1.2 The Epidemiological Transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Population Geography Class 1.2 The Epidemiological Transition Today's Objectives 1) Understand) of the Epidemiological Transition and its implications for future mortality trends 2) Understand ways in which the epidemiological transition in the developing world is similar and dissimilar to the historical transition #12

  16. School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences UA Geography Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    systems, and how those interactions create the world we see today at both local and global scales understanding of climate change, resource development, energy use and conservation, geopolitics, sustainable conflicts, and economic and political developments all over the world. Geography also provides the framework

  17. EES 70700 Introduction to Human Geography Professor Jeffrey Osleeb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, Sara Irina

    . 272 - 289. f) Osleeb, J. and S. Ratick. (1983) "The Impacts of Coal Conversions on the Ports of New of Geography Earth and Environmental Sciences PhD Program ­ CUNY 365 Fifth Ave. New York, NY 10016 (212) 817. Hawnn. (1989) "Coal Logistics System (COLS)," Transportation Research Record, No. 1222, pp. 6 ­ 13. 3

  18. The United States Navy and Marine Corps rely far too much on petroleum, a dependency that degrades the strategic position of our country and the tactical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The United States Navy and Marine Corps rely far too much on petroleum, a dependency that degrades the nation towards a clean energy economy, the Department of the Navy established the following five ambitious energy goals that will move the Navy and Marine Corps away from a reliance on petroleum

  19. San Francisco State University College of Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    __________________ Criteria: 1. Student must have a declared major in the SFSU College of Science & Engineering - Departments), Engineering, Geography & Environment, Mathematics, Physics & Astronomy, Psychology. 2. Student mustSan Francisco State University College of Science & Engineering BRUCE A. ROSENBLATT COMMUNITY

  20. San Francisco State University College of Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), Engineering, Geography & Environment, Mathematics, Physics & Astronomy, Psychology. 2. Student mustSan Francisco State University College of Science & Engineering COSE ADVISORY BOARD SCHOLARSHIP) College of Science & Engineering (COSE) permission to check SFSU's records to verify these facts

  1. Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume,234 0% 0% #12;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters

  2. PROGRAM GUIDE: GEOGRAPHY MINOR Minor Requirements.................................................................................................TOTAL 18-19 S.H.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusu, Adrian

    94301: Environmental Ethics ENST 94121: Field Methods & Research Design ENST 94400: Environmental Impact in Geographic Knowledge GEOG 16290: History and Methods of Modern Geography GEOG 16240: Geography of the US/Studio Planning Bank PLAN 31280: Introduction to Planning & Environmental Design GEOG 16160: Intro to Mapping

  3. Dr. Shih-Lung Shaw, Department of Geography, UTK A Space-Time GIS for Analyzing Human Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    Dr. Shih-Lung Shaw, Department of Geography, UTK A Space-Time GIS for Analyzing Human Activities and Interactions in Physical and Virtual Spaces Shih-Lung Shaw, Ph.D. Department of Geography University. Shih-Lung Shaw, Department of Geography, UTK "Imagine that your business had a complete log of your

  4. The Role of Geography in Social Networks: CouchSurfing as a Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pultar, Edward

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    geospatial data making it available for use in the analysis.Geospatial Data Abstraction Library 10 (GDAL). Exploring time geography in this novel way supplies useful visualization and analysis

  5. http://econ.geo.uu.nl/peeg/peeg.html Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balland, Pierre-Alexandre

    of spatial concentration of Research and Development (R&D) spending and patenting in a small number on knowledge spillovers by investigating the geography of inventor networks and collaborative research projects

  6. University of Maryland Baltimore County, Department of Geography and Environmental Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    (e.g. Geography, Environmental Science, Conservation Science, Ecology, Natural, environmental history, political ecology, resource conservation, and environmental policy and Environmental Systems Department Chair http://ges.umbc.edu Maryland, Baltimore 21250

  7. From medical geography to germ theory in Colombia, 1860-1900 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia Lopez, Claudia Monica

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Before the consolidation of the germ theory of human diseases at the end of the nineteenth century, medical explanations about disease causation were dominated by the environmental notions of medical geography. This ...

  8. Country profile: Hungary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Country Profile: Hungary has been prepared as a background document for use by US Government agencies and US businesses interested in becoming involved with the new democracies of Eastern Europe as they pursue sustainable economic development. The focus of the Profile is on energy and highlights information on Hungary's energy supply, demand, and utilization. It identifies patterns of energy usage in the important economic sectors, especially industry, and provides a preliminary assessment for opportunities to improve efficiencies in energy production, distribution and use by introducing more efficient technologies. The use of more efficient technologies would have the added benefit of reducing the environmental impact which, although is not the focus of the report, is an issue that effects energy choices. The Profile also presents considerable economic information, primarily in the context of how economic restructuring may affect energy supply, demand, and the introduction of more efficient technologies.

  9. Country profile: Hungary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Country Profile: Hungary has been prepared as a background document for use by US Government agencies and US businesses interested in becoming involved with the new democracies of Eastern Europe as they pursue sustainable economic development. The focus of the Profile is on energy and highlights information on Hungary`s energy supply, demand, and utilization. It identifies patterns of energy usage in the important economic sectors, especially industry, and provides a preliminary assessment for opportunities to improve efficiencies in energy production, distribution and use by introducing more efficient technologies. The use of more efficient technologies would have the added benefit of reducing the environmental impact which, although is not the focus of the report, is an issue that effects energy choices. The Profile also presents considerable economic information, primarily in the context of how economic restructuring may affect energy supply, demand, and the introduction of more efficient technologies.

  10. Cacophonous geographies : the symbolic and material landscapes of race

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brand, Anna Livia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the devastation of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the election of President Barack Obama in 2008, the country has struggled with questions regarding the salience of racial inequality. While the days following Katrina ...

  11. 10/1/10 8:07 PMDesert Varnish : Encyclopedia of Geography Page 1 of 4http://www.sage-ereference.com/geography/Article_n276.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorn, Ron

    categories of rock coatings Source: Author. Liu and other researchers in different settings://www.sage-ereference.com/geography/Article_n276.html Desert Varnish Desert varnish is but one of more than a dozen rock coatings (Table 1) that drastically alter the appearance of rock surfaces. The better term is rock varnish because this coating occurs

  12. Alternative Energy Development in Indian Country: Lighting the Way for the Seventh Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kronk, Elizabeth Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies increasingly show that Indian country may be uniquely positioned to develop alternative energy. Indian country in general constitutes a significant portion of land in the United States. In recognition of the increasing interest...

  13. COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    .05.2013 www.kobecufs.ac.jp KAZAKHSTAN Kazakh-American University 16.12.2011 www.kau.kz KAZAKHSTAN KazGAS/IEC 10.05.2012 www.kazgasa.kz KAZAKHSTAN JSC Astana Medical University 22.10.2012 www.amu.kz KAZAKHSTAN West-Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov state Medical University 03.03.2014 www.zkgmu.kz KAZAKHSTAN Kostanay

  14. English Country Dancing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContractElectron-StateEnergyHeavyDepartment

  15. Open Call for Participation of PhD students International PhD course on Economic Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balland, Pierre-Alexandre

    Open Call for Participation of PhD students International PhD course on Economic Geography Main perspectives and approaches in economic geography. The core questions of this discipline ­ related to the role of place and space in processes of economic development ­ have in recent years attracted interest not just

  16. A Carto-Bibliography of the Maps in Eighteenth-Century British and American Geography Books

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Barbara Backus

    2009-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    . For the latter, the 20 editions of Patrick Gordon’s Geography Anatomiz’d, 23 editions of William Guthrie’s New Geographical . . .Grammar and 25 editions of Thomas Salmon’s similarly titled text sufficed. A practical business man might satisfy reference needs... of Patrick Gordon’s Geography Anatomiz’d [entry 150]. Many maps in Irish books were close copies of those in the English editions, but these are from the original English plates. Were the plates obtained from England, or was it a pirated edition printed...

  17. Geography 5: People and Earth's Ecosystems Lecture Outline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -90% of trash volume · can be designed for energy recovery - generating steam for heat or electricity 14 consumption and air pollution · Reduces litter · Other countries (Japan, Europe) offer better models than fluctuate · Government subsidies tend to support primary extraction industries, creating artificially low

  18. Revised 9/23/2009 Geography Competency Exam Study Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    countries/continents in the world in: o Agricultural production and forestry o Oil, Gas, and mineral reserves o Fresh water use o Number of Refugees and Asylum-Seekers Capital cities Using pp. 30 Madagascar Malawi Mexico Morocco Myanmar Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria North & South Korea Norway P

  19. Geography 5: People and Earth's Ecosystems Lecture Outline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (0.7 million) 15 Nonmetal Mineral Resources · Sand and Gravel (road aggregate and concrete, glass, surrounded by a single global ocean. 8 MINERALS AND ROCKS · A mineral is a naturally occurring, inorganic countries. · Much of the illegal trade ends up in the $100 B/yr global jewelry trade (~2/3 in U.S.) 17

  20. 11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanyal, Bishwapriya

    The planning process in developing countries. Interaction between planners and institutions at both national and local levels. Overview of theories of state, organizational arrangements, implementation mechanisms, and ...

  1. UWMadison Department of Geography Guidelines for Preparation of the Senior Honors Thesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    1 UWMadison Department of Geography Guidelines for Preparation of the Senior Honors Thesis q. Use only one side of the paper. q The text must be doublespaced, with paragraphs clearly indented, Wisconsin" and, under that, the date. (See the sample at the end of these guidelines.) o Affirmation

  2. Geography of international water conflict and cooperation: Data sets and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    ]. The lack of global-scale, quantitative tools for eval- uating interactions over shared water resourcesGeography of international water conflict and cooperation: Data sets and applications Shira Yoffe,1 main hypotheses on the likelihood and intensity of water resource disputes. To test these hypotheses

  3. Department of Environmental Studies and Geography STUDENT'S SELF-HELP GUIDE TO PROGRAM PLANNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oceanography ESG 249 Resource Management ESG 264 Outdoor Recreation ESG 266 Environmental Policy ESG 339 and Environmental Oceanography ESG 250 Geomorphology ESG 251 Soils and Vegetation ESG 265 The Atmosphere and WeatherDepartment of Environmental Studies and Geography STUDENT'S SELF-HELP GUIDE TO PROGRAM PLANNING

  4. Social Geography, Minority Women and Public Health: Making Connections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    is a consistent trend in the United States of America. While heart disease is the leading cause of death among all women in the United States, minority women, particularly African American and Hispanic/Latino womenNair Scholar The Pennsylvania State University McNair Faculty Research Advisor: Dr. Melissa Wright Professor

  5. Energy planning in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, P.M.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book provides discussion of analytical methods for energy-sector planning in developing countries. The author addresses such topics as energy balances, the Reference Energy System (RES), approaches to demand forecasting, project evaluation (including capital budgeting), techniques for dealing with uncertainty, financial accounting as applied to the typical parastatal electric utility of a developing country, techniques for pricing studies, scenario analysis, and approaches to the evaluation of macroeconomic impacts of energy-sector decisions. Extensive use is made of case-study material, including examples from Haiti, Tunisia, the Sudan, Jordan, Mauritius, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Liberia.

  6. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interactive MAP in PDF, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF, all...

  7. Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis This is a document from the Fayette County Housing Consortium posted...

  8. Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Selected Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 51115 6.15 6.08 6.28 6.83 6.96 6.75 3.06 5415 6.14 6.06...

  9. Country Scotland Type Single malt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izzard, Rob

    Country Scotland Type Single malt Distillery Aberfeldy Region Highlands Age 12 years ABV 40% Cask, the perfume characteristics become more spicy, with a bitter hint of Seville oranges in a decidedly dry finish. Drying citrus/oak with a gentle spiciness, held in a warm embrace of cigar smoke, and a little vanilla

  10. Country Scotland Type Single malt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izzard, Rob

    Country Scotland Type Single malt Distillery Jura Region Island Name Prophecy ABV 46 Cask French airport Notes Limited annual release: 10,000 bottles only. Nose Some peat, aniseed, oily, dry, pungent, dried hay, and anise round things out. Palate Smoky and dry, a muscular, powerful Jura with notes

  11. Country Energy Profile, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

  12. Mount Health Centre 2010. The Cartographic Section, Dept. of Geography, UWO /#55-10/pmc/April 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    Centre Thames Hall Ivey Business School Music Talbot College Middlesex College Lawrence National Centre and other campus maps visit geography.uwo.ca/campusmaps/ Barrier-free parking is available in all lots

  13. The Geographic Concentration of Enterprise in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felkner, John S.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nation's economic geography can have an enormous impact on its development. In Thailand, we show that a high concentration of enterprise in an area predicts high subsequent growth in and around that area. We also find ...

  14. The urbanization of insurgency : shifts in the geography of conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calluzzo, Nicholas T

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 20th century witnessed the steady decline of the ability of states, particularly great powers, to defeat insurgencies. During the same period, the world has become both more populous and more urban. As people have taken ...

  15. ( )Ministers delay decision on site for 10-billion-dollar nuclear fusion reactor 20/12/2003 The European Union, the United States and four other countries failed in talks agree on a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of transporting nuclear material and storing dangerous long-term radioactive waste. Nuclear fusion takes( )Ministers delay decision on site for 10-billion-dollar nuclear fusion reactor 20-dollar international nuclear fusion reactor. Delegates from the European Union, the United States, China, Japan, South

  16. Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides information on Tribes in the lower 48 states selected to receive assistance from the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

  17. Enforcing boundaries : globalization, state power and the geography of cross- border consumption in Tijuana, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murià Tuñón, Magalí

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bueno Para Pensar”: Thinking Consumption in the U.S. -Mexico97 Chapter 2. Mexico in Tijuana. the Imagined Community andInstitutions and Networks of Mexico’s Imagined Community:

  18. Geography of Existing and Potential Alternative Fuel Markets in the United States

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageStation LocationsGeneseeValley of theEthanol8 F l

  19. The geography of So{sub 2} emissions trading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solomon, B. [Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interstate trading of SO{sub 2} emission allowances under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 represents the largest-scale application of market principles to environmental protection. some opponents have hypothesized that high emitting electric power plants in the Midwestern states will buy additional allowances and thereby sustain SO{sub 2} emissions at unacceptable high levels. Much of these emissions would then continue to return downwind as sulfates in the Northeast, damaging critical ecosystems such as lakes and forests in the Adirondacks. A competing hypothesis is that in an increasingly competitive utility industry, a power plant will choose the least-cost compliance option for its SO{sub 2} emission requirements, which for many large and dirty Midwestern plants will be to retrofit with scrubbers. This paper will provide the first comprehensive empirical analysis of the geographic pattern of SO{sub 2} allowance trading for the first three years (early 1992 to early 1995) to determine the validity of the first hypothesis. It will be shown that with the exception of one electric utility in Illinois, the Midwestern states have not used allowance trading to sustain high emission levels. A Congressionally-mandated subsidy for scrubber retrofits at Phase I affected-units, however, has allowed two of these states (Ohio and Indiana) plus three additional Appalachian states (Tennessee, West Virginia and Pennsylvania) to acquire large quantities of bonus allowances. Most of these additional allowances may be banked for future use at other affected units by the acquiring utilities, since the newly scrubbed plants will have much lower SO{sub 2} emissions because of the scrubber retrofits. The good news is that the trading program is projected to save a lot of money, over $2 billion out of a possible $3 billion in annual compliance costs by the time of Phase II.

  20. The Kyoto Protocol and developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.

    Under the Kyoto Protocol, the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse effects on developing ...

  1. Wind Energy in Indian Country: Turning to Wind for the Seventh Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Wind Energy in Indian Country: Turning to Wind for the Seventh Generation by Andrew D. Mills: ___________________________________________ Jane Stahlhut Date #12;Wind Energy in Indian Country A.D. Mills Abstract - ii - Abstract Utility-scale wind projects are increasingly being developed in rural areas of the United States. In the West

  2. State Multinationals: The Impact of State Ownership on International Diversification and Firm Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Xiaoming

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    the effectiveness of corporate governance in the case of the state multinational. Fourth, home country institutional environments matter in the studied relationships. The state multinational in developed countries with an established institutional environment may...

  3. Developments in Assisting Countries in Implementing the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Hansen, Linda H.; Cain, Ronald A.; Kovacic, Don N.; Apt, Kenneth E.; VanSickle, Matthew

    2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began assisting selected non-nuclear weapon states in planning and preparing for implementation of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Additional Protocol (AP). Since then, the AP international implementation program has contributed to the substantial progress made by Vietnam, Thailand, Iraq, and Malaysia in preparing for entry-into-force of the AP. An overall engagement plan has been developed with components designed to train government AP implementing agencies, inform policy makers, conduct outreach to industry and universities, make AP reporting software available and useful, and plan a detailed approach for implementing the declaration and complementary access provisions of the AP. DOE recently began collaborating with Indonesia, which has already entered the AP into force, requiring a second method of engagement somewhat different from that taken with countries that have not entered the AP into force. The AP international implementation program, administered by the International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program, is working more closely with DOE’s International Nonproliferation Export Control Program to ensure countries are aware of and prepared to implement the export/import provisions of the AP. As the AP implementation program matures and helps move countries closer to entry-into-force or improved AP implementation, it is identifying characteristics of a country’s “end-state” that indicate that DOE assistance is no longer required. The U.S. AP Implementation Act and Senate Resolution of Ratification require the Administration to report annually to Congress on measures taken to achieve the adoption of the AP in non-nuclear weapon states. DOE’s AP international implementation program is a significant part of these measures. This paper describes recent developments to increase the scope and effectiveness of the program.

  4. Global diversity and geography of soil fungi: minus one widespread group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schadt, Christopher Warren [ORNL; Rosling, Anna [Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IN THEIR RESEARCH ARTICLE Global diversity and geography of soil fungi Tedersoo et al. (28 November, 2014) present a compelling study regarding patterns of biodiversity of fungi, at a scale unprecedented to date for fungal biogeographical studies. The study demonstrates strong global biogeographic patterns in richness and community composition of soil fungi, what concerns us with the study is what we don t see. Unfortunately this study underestimates fungal diversity of at least one key group of soil fungi due to reliance on a single traditional primer with known flaws, and as a consequence the overall relative abundance of fungal groups may also be skewed.

  5. Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies:...

  6. The market for alfalfa seed in the country of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berentsen, Roberto, Jr

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (NAFTA) between Canada, the United States, and Mexico, has already impacted cattle production in Mexico as producers and investors recognize the countries natural advantages when it comes to producing quality livestock. As the cattle industry grows.... The crops water use is very critical as too much or to little can harm it; so by irrigating it one can control this. Under irrigated conditions higher yields are possible and the grower becomes less dependant on mother nature. Some growers have been able...

  7. Eocene climates, depositional environments, and geography, greater Green River basin, Wyoming, Utah, and Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roehler, H.W.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The climates, depositional environments, and geography of Eocene rocks in the greater Green River basin are investigated to determine the origin, mode of deposition, and areal distribution of the Wasatch, Green River, Bridger, and Washakie Formations. The data indicate that Eocene climates ranged from cool temperature to tropical and were affected by both terrestrial and astronomical factors. The terrestrial factors were mainly latitude, altitude, regional geography, tectonism, and volcanism. The astronomical factors are interpreted from reptitious rock sequences in the Wilkins Peak Member of the Green River Formation that record seasonal changes, 21,000 year precession of the equinox cycles, 100,000 year eccentricity cycles, and an undetermined cycle of 727,000 years. Eight depositional environments are identified, discussed, and illustrated by diagrams, columnar sections, and photographs. They are: (1) fluvial, (2) paludal, (3) freshwater lacustrine, (4) saltwater lacustrine, (5) pond and playa lake, (6) evaporite (salt pan), (7) mudflat, and (8) volcanic and fluviovolcanic. The areal distribution of the eight depositional environments in the Wasatch, Green River, Bridger, and Washakie Formations is illustrated by photographs and 13 paleogeographic maps. 76 refs., 90 figs.

  8. Lois d'chelle et transitions fractal non fractal en gographie Scaling laws and fractal non fractal transitions in geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 / 20 Lois d'échelle et transitions fractal ­ non fractal en géographie Scaling laws and fractal ­ non fractal transitions in geography Maxime Forriez*, Philippe Martin* et Laurent Nottale concept de transition fractal ­ non fractal fut introduit initialement dans un cadre de physique

  9. Journal of Geography and Geology; Vol. 4, No. 2; 2012 ISSN 1916-9779 E-ISSN 1916-9787

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maerz, Norbert H.

    Journal of Geography and Geology; Vol. 4, No. 2; 2012 ISSN 1916-9779 E-ISSN 1916-9787 Published Geology Deprtment, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, Egypt 2 Program Head, Geological Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA 3 Geological Hazards Department, Applied

  10. International Journal of Geography and Geology, 2013, 2(1):1-13 THE REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY, NEW CHALLENGES FOR GEOLOGICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    International Journal of Geography and Geology, 2013, 2(1):1-13 1 THE REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY, NEW CHALLENGES FOR GEOLOGICAL AND MINING MAPPING IN THE WEST AFRICAN CRATON - THE EXAMPLE OF CÔTE D'IVOIRE Gbele of the evolution on the use of remote sensing imagery for geological and mining mapping in West Africa

  11. Radioactive waste management approaches for developed countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patricia Paviet-Hartmann; Anthony Hechanova; Catherine Riddle

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear power has demonstrated over the last 30 years its capacity to produce base-load electricity at a low, predictable and stable cost due to the very low economic dependence on the price of uranium. However the management of used nuclear fuel remains the “Achilles’ Heel” of this energy source since the storage of used nuclear fuel is increasing as evidenced by the following number with 2,000 tons of UNF produced each year by the 104 US nuclear reactor units which equates to a total of 62,000 spent fuel assemblies stored in dry cask and 88,000 stored in pools. Two options adopted by several countries will be presented. The first one adopted by Europe, Japan and Russia consists of recycling the used nuclear fuel after irradiation in a nuclear reactor. Ninety six percent of uranium and plutonium contained in the spent fuel could be reused to produce electricity and are worth recycling. The separation of uranium and plutonium from the wastes is realized through the industrial PUREX process so that they can be recycled for re-use in a nuclear reactor as a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel. The second option undertaken by Finland, Sweden and the United States implies the direct disposal of used nuclear fuel into a geologic formation. One has to remind that only 30% of the worldwide used nuclear fuel are currently recycled, the larger part being stored (70% in pool) waiting for scientific or political decisions. A third option is emerging with a closed fuel cycle which will improve the global sustainability of nuclear energy. This option will not only decrease the volume amount of nuclear waste but also the long-term radiotoxicity of the final waste, as well as improving the long-term safety and the heat-loading of the final repository. At the present time, numerous countries are focusing on the R&D recycling activities of the ultimate waste composed of fission products and minor actinides (americium and curium). Several new chemical extraction processes, such as TRUSPEAK, ALSEP, EXAM, or LUCA are pursued worldwide and their approaches will be highlighted.

  12. Anaerobic Digestion of Biowaste in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Anaerobic Digestion of Biowaste in Developing Countries Practical Information and Case Studies Sandec: Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries #12;Anaerobic Digestion of Biowaste-3-906484-58-7 Bibliographic reference: Vögeli Y., Lohri C. R., Gallardo A., Diener S., Zurbrügg C. (2014). Anaerobic Digestion

  13. Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation is hosting the Special Institute on Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country. This two-day conference will cover laws, policies, and practices regarding natural resources development in Indian Country and how they've evolved in the recent years.

  14. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  15. Pennsylvania Water Resources Research Center, Penn State Institutes of Energy and the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Geography at Penn State which dealt with soil carbon sequestration in dryland regions of Africa is also included. #12;Research Program #12;Award No. 05HQAG0076 Soil Carbon Sequestration in Drylands Basic Information Title: Award No. 05HQAG0076 Soil Carbon Sequestration in Drylands Project Number: 2005PA67S Start

  16. Clean development mechanism: Perspectives from developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sari, Agus P.; Meyers, Stephen

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses the political acceptability and workability of CDM by and in developing countries. At COP-3 in Kyoto in 1997, the general position among developing countries changed from strong rejection of joint implementation to acceptance of CDM. The outgrowth of CDM from a proposal from Brazil to establish a Clean Development Fund gave developing countries a sense of ownership of the idea. More importantly, establishing support for sustainable development as a main goal for CDM overcame the resistance of many developing countries to accept a carbon trading mechanism. The official acceptance of CDM is not a guarantee of continued acceptance, however. Many developing countries expect CDM to facilitate a substantial transfer of technology and other resources to support economic growth. There is concern that Annex I countries may shift official development assistance into CDM in order to gain carbon credits, and that development priorities could suffer as a result. Some fear that private investments could be skewed toward projects that yield carbon credits. Developing country governments are wary regarding the strong role of the private sector envisioned for CDM. Increasing the awareness and capacity of the private sector in developing countries to initiate and implement CDM projects needs to be a high priority. While private sector partnerships will be the main vehicle for resource transfer in CDM, developing country governments want to play a strong role in overseeing and guiding the process so that it best serves their development goals. Most countries feel that establishment of criteria for sustainable development should be left to individual countries. A key issue is how CDM can best support the strengthening of local capacity to sustain and replicate projects that serve both climate change mitigation and sustainable development objectives.There is support among developing countries for commencing CDM as soon as possible. Since official commencement must await the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, many developing countries support the establishment of an Interim Phase starting in 2000, with possible retroactive crediting once the Protocol enters into force.

  17. From Made in America to Hecho en Sinaloa: A Historical Geography of North American Methamphetamine Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbreath, Aaron Hastings

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    developing countries. Geographical analyses of methamphetamine have been limited. Lu and Burnum (2008) conducted a statistical analysis of lab seizures around Colorado...

  18. "Geography Matters" What is Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Ecosystem ManagementEcosystem Management #12;3D Mine with Well Data3D Mine with Well Data3D Mine with Well Data #12 is it there ­Why do I care #12;We all `got data'We all `got data'We all `got data' · Location Data ­ How Many ­ What Kind ­ Where · Scale of Data ­ Local to Global · Data Presentation ­ Words, Charts, Graphs, Tables

  19. Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atighetchi, K.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  20. Education and health care in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Trang V

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a collection of three essays on education and health in developing countries. Chapter 1 shows that increasing perceived returns to education strengthens incentives for schooling when agents underestimate the ...

  1. Edinburgh Research Explorer Reforming State Pension provision in `Liberal' Anglo Saxon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    Edinburgh Research Explorer Reforming State Pension provision in `Liberal' Anglo Saxon Countries, Vickerstaff, S & Loretto, W 2012, 'Reforming State Pension provision in `Liberal' Anglo Saxon Countries: Re University Press. Lain, D., Vickerstaff, S. & Loretto, W. 2012, "Reforming State Pension provision

  2. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Lin, H.; Jiang, Wei; Liu, Bing; Song, Bo; Somasundaram, Sriram

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in China, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope and HVAC) for commercial and residential buildings in China.

  3. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Somasundaram, Sriram

    2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America. This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in India, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes in India, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial buildings in India.

  4. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

    2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America . This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Canada, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in Canada.

  5. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Australia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Somasundaram, Sriram

    2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Australia, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Australia.

  6. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Takagi, T.

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Japan, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Japan.

  7. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; McJeon, Haewon C.; Shui, Bin; Lee, Seung Eon

    2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Korea, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial buildings in Korea.

  8. Opportunities for renewable energy sources in Central Asia countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obozov, A.J. [Project KUN (Kyrgyzstan); Loscutoff, W.V. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an overview of the state of conventional energy sources and the potential for development of renewable energy sources in the Central Asia countries of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan. The region has a population of about 50 million in an area of more than four million square kilometers. The per capita gross internal product is more than $2,500, although the economy has been declining the past five years. The area has substantial coal, oil, uranium, and natural gas reserves, although they are not distributed equally among the five countries. Energy production is such that the countries do not have to rely heavily on imports. One of the problems in Central Asia is that the energy prices are substantially below the world prices. This is a factor in development of renewable energy sources. The primary renewable energy resources available are wind in Kazakhstan, solar in the entire region, biomass in Kyrgyzstan, and micro-hydropower stations in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. All of these have the potential to provide a significant amount of the required energy for the region. However, all of the countries have an abundance of various renewable energy resources. To effectively use these resources, however, a number of barriers to their development and commercialization must be overcome. These include low prices of conventional energy sources, absence of legislative support, lack of financing for new technologies, and lack of awareness of renewable energy sources by the population. A number of specific actions are proposed to overcome these barriers. These include establishment of a Central Asia coordinating council for renewable energy, development of a regional renewable energy program, and setting up a number of large demonstration projects. 16 figs.

  9. New York State Electric & Gas Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric & Gas Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead New York State Electric & Gas Corporation Country United States Headquarters...

  10. United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beredjick, N.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

  11. Geothermal development opportunities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenkeremath, D.C.

    1989-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the proceedings of the Seminar on geothermal development opportunities in developing countries, sponsored by the Geothermal Division of the US Department of Energy and presented by the National Geothermal Association. The overall objectives of the seminar are: (1) Provide sufficient information to the attendees to encourage their interest in undertaking more geothermal projects within selected developing countries, and (2) Demonstrate the technological leadership of US technology and the depth of US industry experience and capabilities to best perform on these projects.

  12. acid fortified countries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse...

  13. arab countries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Growth in Developing Countries CiteSeer Summary: Although developing countries face a drastic increase in their greenhouse gas emissions, mitigation actions against climate...

  14. Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships with American Indian Tribes Workshop Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships...

  15. asian developing countries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Countries January 1991 Physics Websites Summary: Citation: U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Energy in Developing Countries, OTA-E-486: Energy and Technology in...

  16. DOE Tribal Intern Aims to Improve Conditions in Indian Country...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE Tribal Intern Aims to Improve Conditions in Indian Country by Addressing Barriers to Renewable Energy Development DOE Tribal Intern Aims to Improve Conditions in Indian Country...

  17. Colombia Country Assessment for Youth Development Accounts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Colombia Country Assessment for Youth Development Accounts By Rainier Masa Summary Colombia stands) in four ways: (1) a well-regulated and innovative banking infrastructure that already delivers youth poverty line (1999): 64 (total), 55 (urban), 79 (rural) (UN Statistics Division, n.d.) » Median age: 27

  18. Comprehensive country energy assessments using the MARKAL-MACRO model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reisman, A.W.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A number of comprehensive country energy assessments were performed in the late 1970s and early 1980s in cooperation with the governments of various countries. The assessments provided a framework for analyzing the impacts of various national strategies for meeting energy requirements. These analyses considered the total energy framework. Economics, energy supply, national resources, energy use, environmental impacts, technologies, energy efficiencies, and sociopolitical impacts were some of the factors addressed. These analyses incorporated the best available data bases and computer models to facilitate the analyses. National policy makers identified the various strategies to examine. The results of the analyses were provided to the national policy makers to support their decision making. Almost 20 years have passed since these assessments were performed. There have been major changes in energy supply and use, technologies, economics, available resources, and environmental concerns. The available tools for performing the assessments have improved drastically. The availability of improved computer modeling, i.e., MARKAL-MACRO, and improved data collection methods and data bases now permit such assessments to be performed in a more sophisticated manner to provide state of the art support to policy makers. The MARKAL-MACRO model was developed by Brookhaven National Laboratory over the last 25 years to support strategic energy planning. It is widely used in the international community for integrating analyses of environmental options, such as reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. It was used to perform the analyses in the least cost energy strategy study for the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Improvements continue to be made to MARKAL-MACRO and its capabilities extended. A methodology to conduct Country Energy Assessments using MARKAL-MACRO is discussed.

  19. The geography and carbon footprint of mobile phone use in Cote d'Ivoire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salnikov, Vsevolod; Youn, Hyejin; Lambiotte, Renaud; Gastner, Michael T

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The newly released Orange D4D mobile phone data base provides new insights into the use of mobile technology in a developing country. Here we perform a series of spatial data analyses that reveal important geographic aspects of mobile phone use in Cote d'Ivoire. We first map the locations of base stations with respect to the population distribution and the number and duration of calls at each base station. On this basis, we estimate the energy consumed by the mobile phone network. Finally, we perform an analysis of inter-city mobility, and identify high-traffic roads in the country.

  20. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  1. Present and future nuclear power generation as a reflection of individual countries' resources and objectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borg, I.Y.

    1987-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclear reactor industry has been in a state of decline for more than a decade in most of the world. The reasons are numerous and often unique to the energy situation of individual countries. Two commonly cited issues influence decisions relating to construction of reactors: costs and the need, or lack thereof, for additional generating capacity. Public concern has ''politicized'' the nuclear industry in many non-communist countries, causing a profound effect on the economics of the option. The nuclear installations and future plans are reviewed on a country-by-country basis for 36 countries in the light of the resources and objectives of each. Because oil and gas for power production throughout the world are being phased out as much as possible, coal-fired generation currently tends to be the chosen alternative to nuclear power production. Exceptions occur in many of the less developed countries that collectively have a very limited operating experience with nuclear reactors. The Chernobyl accident in the USSR alarmed the public; however, national strategies and plans to build reactors have not changed markedly in the interim. Assuming that the next decade of nuclear power generation is uneventful, additional electrical demand would cause the nuclear power industry to experience a rejuvenation in Europe as well as in the US. 80 refs., 3 figs., 22 tabs.

  2. Economic Efficiency of Texas Country Banks.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Virgil P. (Virgil Porter)

    1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , 1932. *"In cooperation with U. S. Department of Agriculture. 1 $30( ings tive -. "his study shows that most Texas country banks with less than 1,000 to $400,000 in earning assets have comparatively low earn- ;, pay very little interest... to the bank investment. If we take total deposits as a rough measure of earning assets, the aver- age ratio of earning assets to capital and surplus among the banks with less than $50, 000 deposits in 1929 was 2.23 as compared with 5.19 for banks...

  3. Country-Fried Biofuels | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1.SpaceFluorControlsEnergy Copy ofandCountry-Fried

  4. North Country Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri: Energy Resources JumpOklahoma:NorthCastle, New York:CityNorth Country

  5. Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions for DOEthe RankingReform atSolar2014 || DepartmentMarchINDIAN COUNTRY

  6. Green Business Development in Indian Country Training | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Development in Indian Country Training Green Business Development in Indian Country Training May 31, 2015 8:00AM MDT to June 5, 2015 5:00PM MDT Pine Ridge, South Dakota Red Cloud...

  7. Electricity reform in Chile : lessons for developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollitt, Michael G.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. ...

  8. Electricity Reform in Argentina: Lessons for Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollitt, Michael G.

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Argentina was one of the first countries in the world to implement a comprehensivereform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries onlyChile has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. This paper traces...

  9. MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES COPPER COUNTRY HISTORICAL COLLECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES AND COPPER COUNTRY HISTORICAL COLLECTION GENEALOGICAL & Copper Country Historical Collection J. Robert Van Pelt Library Michigan Technological University local high schools and Michigan Technological University, centennial books, and local history titles

  10. Building technological capability within satellite programs in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Danielle Renee

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global participation in space activity is growing as satellite technology matures and spreads. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are creating or reinvigorating national satellite programs. These countries are ...

  11. PROGRESS IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY PERSPECTIVE -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conference, "New Energy Conservation Technologies", Berlin,IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRYIN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY

  12. An Interactive Computer Model of Two-Country Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamlen, Kevin W.

    91 An Interactive Computer Model of Two-Country Trade Bill Hamlen and Kevin Hamlen Abstract We introduce an interactive computer model of two-country trade that allows students to investigate is to present an interactive computer model of two-country international trade that allows students

  13. Problems with packaged sources in foreign countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abeyta, Cristy L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Matzke, James L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zarling, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tompkin, J. Andrew [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's (GTRI) Off-Site Source Recovery Project (OSRP), which is administered by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), removes excess, unwanted, abandoned, or orphan radioactive sealed sources that pose a potential threat to national security, public health, and safety. In total, GTRI/OSRP has been able to recover more than 25,000 excess and unwanted sealed sources from over 825 sites. In addition to transuranic sources, the GTRI/OSRP mission now includes recovery of beta/gamma emitting sources, which are of concern to both the U.S. government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This paper provides a synopsis of cooperative efforts in foreign countries to remove excess and unwanted sealed sources by discussing three topical areas: (1) The Regional Partnership with the International Atomic Energy Agency; (2) Challenges in repatriating sealed sources; and (3) Options for repatriating sealed sources.

  14. US solar energy policy for less developed countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russett, B.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By many different standards, solar energy is considered to be, at least potentially, a good thing. The assessment of its utility, however, typically is made on technical engineering grounds, or on economic standards of cost-effectiveness, without close attention to political and sociological implications of its use. While remaining sensitive to engineering and economic considerations, this report will concentrate on some political and sociological issues which will have great affect on decisions whether and how to make use of solar energy technology in less developed countries (LDCs). Only with an understanding of these issues - and with answers to some of the questions raised - can there be any serious effort to devise a satisfactory United States government policy for the promotion of solar energy applications abroad. This report, in the form of tentative propositions outlining issues about which further information is required, is based on the results of interviews in the United States, India and the Middle East, and an analysis of various reports by private individuals, national and transnational organizations, and government agencies.

  15. Chinua Achebe. There Was a Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milstein, Emily

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the state of affairs in present day Nigeria, for what heperceives to be Nigeria’ s rampant cor- ruption, poorhis own prescription for Nigeria’s ills and ends the book on

  16. Peanut oil press for developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Neera, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the problems with obesity that the United States is facing today, malnutrition, caused in part by severely low dietary fat consumption, remains a problem among many people living in Sub-Saharan Africa. According ...

  17. Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- The United States of America...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The United States of America Country Update Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us HomeBasic Search About Publications Advanced Search New Hot...

  18. Modern Realities of the 'Jurisdictional Maze' in Indian Country: Case Studies on Methamphetamines Use and the Pressures to Ensure Homeland Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kronk, Elizabeth Ann; Thompson, Heather Dawn

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Because legal jurisdction in Indian country can involve three separate actors -- the tribe, the federal government, and potentially the state government -- the laws governing which entity has authority in various situations ...

  19. Biofuel Feedstock Assessment For Selected Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL; Wolfe, Amy K [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as 'available' for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

  20. Biofuel Feedstock Assessment for Selected Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kline, K.L.; Oladosu, G.A.; Wolfe, A.K.; Perlack, R.D.; Dale, V.H.

    2008-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as ‘available’ for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

  1. Core Indicators for Determinants and Performance of Electricity Sector in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamasb, Tooraj; Newbery, David; Pollitt, Michael G.

    2004-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    .g. IADB, 2001; Joskow, 1998; Newbery, 2002): i. Corporatisation of state-owned utilities; ii. Enactment of an electricity reform law; iii. Regulatory reform, including adoption of incentive regulation for the natural monopoly network activities; iv... to the components of our reform model are the key reform steps implemented (Table II), resource mix and endowments indicators (Table I), and country-level indicators (Table VII). iv. Incentive regulation and privatization improve cost and technical efficiency...

  2. Origin State Destination State

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    5. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama...

  3. Origin State Destination State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama...

  4. Country report on advertising and promotion bans - Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hrabak-Zerbajic, Dr. Vlasta

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Country report on advertising and promotion bans – Croatiaand promotion bans – Croatia Dr Vlasta Hrabak-Zerbajicbeen grown and consumed in Croatia. In the last century the

  5. Approved Members of the Indian Country Energy And Infrastructure...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG APPROVED MEMBERS Blue Lake Rancheria Jana Ganion, BLR Energy Director Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs...

  6. Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters) Total Export Profits ($) HDI Rank GDP/ cap Corrupt Rank FDI

  7. BACKGROUND GLOBAL STEEL OVERCAPACITY and OIL COUNTRY TUBULAR...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    surging-steel-imports Strong trade enforcement is especially critical in the market for oil country tubular goods (OCTG), the pipe and steel products used for energy exploration....

  8. PROGRESS IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY PERSPECTIVE -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Table Comparison of LBL and IEA Residential Energy Dataof LBL Country LBL (PJ) IEA (PJ) Comment CANADA FRANCEITALY JAPAN SWEDEN UK IEA (and Stat.Canada) omit large

  9. Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing...

  10. DOE Announces Webinars on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    April 24: Live Webinar on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country: Natural Resources and Agriculture Webinar Webinar Sponsors: White House Office of Public Engagement, White...

  11. New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries. Cuong Le Van, Manh-Hung Nguyen country with three sectors in economy: con- sumption goods, new technology, and education. Productivity of the con- sumption goods sector depends on new technology and skilled labor used for production of the new

  12. Assessing the Energy Costs of Computing Devices in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simha, Rahul

    Assessing the Energy Costs of Computing Devices in Developing Countries K. Gopinath1 and Rahul to power these devices in developing countries. (2) the energy-efficient design of large information@gwu.edu Abstract Competition, technological developments, and economies of scale have together brought down

  13. Intervention in Countries with Unsustainable Energy Policies: Is it Ever Justifiable?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tonn, Bruce Edward [ORNL

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores whether it is ever justifiable for the international community to forcibly intervene in countries that have unsustainable energy policies. The literature on obligations to future generations suggests, philosophically, that intervention might be justified under certain circumstances. Additionally, the world community has intervened in the affairs of other countries for humanitarian reasons, such as in Kosovo, Somalia, and Haiti. However, intervention to deal with serious energy problems is a qualitatively different and more difficult problem. A simple risk analysis framework is used to organize the discussion about possible conditions for justifiable intervention. If the probability of deaths resulting from unsustainable energy policies is very large, if the energy problem can be attributed to a relatively small number of countries, and if the risk of intervention is acceptable (i.e., the number of deaths due to intervention is relatively small), then intervention may be justifiable. Without further analysis and successful solution of several vexing theoretical questions, it cannot be stated whether unsustainable energy policies being pursued by countries at the beginning of the 21st century meet the criteria for forcible intervention by the international community.

  14. Radioactive Waste Management in Non-Nuclear Countries - 13070

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kubelka, Dragan; Trifunovic, Dejan [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)] [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper challenges internationally accepted concepts of dissemination of responsibilities between all stakeholders involved in national radioactive waste management infrastructure in the countries without nuclear power program. Mainly it concerns countries classified as class A and potentially B countries according to International Atomic Energy Agency. It will be shown that in such countries long term sustainability of national radioactive waste management infrastructure is very sensitive issue that can be addressed by involving regulatory body in more active way in the infrastructure. In that way countries can mitigate possible consequences on the very sensitive open market of radioactive waste management services, comprised mainly of radioactive waste generators, operators of end-life management facilities and regulatory body. (authors)

  15. The energy situation in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Booth, S.R.; Umana Q, A.

    1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study describes the energy resources and the changes that have taken place in energy supply and demand in five Central American countries between 1970 and 1984. Economic changes are also reviewed because they influence and are affected by changes in the energy sector. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Agency for International Development. The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama are highly dependent on fuel wood as a source of energy, particularly in the residential sector. They also rely upon imported oil products to supply a growing modern sector. Most countries have significant hydroelectric and geothermal resources, and most countries produce a large portion of their electricity from hydroelectric projects. Demand for electricity has grown rapidly. Relative shares of primary versus secondary energy in the five countries vary significantly and strongly correlate with average per capita income. Consumption of secondary energy has declined during the recent economic recession suffered by the region.

  16. Nuclear emergency preparedness in the Nordic and Baltic Sea countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaworska, A

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiation emergency preparedness systems must be able to deal with the threats posed to each country and the region as a whole. The threats from nuclear accidents differ in the various countries of the region. The most serious nuclear threats are those with cross-border implications and are generally assumed to be due to the presence of nuclear reactors of various kinds. Some countries in the region, Finland, Germany, Lithuania, the Russian Federation and Sweden, have nuclear power plants, and several countries in the region possess smaller research reactors. Other nuclear threats arise from nuclear powered naval vessels or submarines, and from nuclear powered satellites. Production, transportation, use, and disposal of radioactive materials constitute potential local nuclear hazards. Finally, terrorist use of radioactive material poses a nuclear threat to all countries. (au)

  17. Regulation of shale gas development : an argument for state preeminence with federal support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansal, Tushar, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shale gas development has become big business in the United States during the past decade, introducing drilling to parts of the country that have not seen it in decades and provoking an accelerating shift in the country's ...

  18. HighwayForestCoast Inside City Tall BuildingStreetOpenCountryMountain Oliva and Torralba, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Jianxiong

    HighwayForestCoast Inside City Tall BuildingStreetOpenCountryMountain Oliva and Torralba, 2001 or designed several state-of-art features that are potentially useful for scene classification, and several cellar barrel storage discotheque harbor classroom electrical substation (74%) industrial area oil

  19. Energy chief tells Jersey: Fusion's back Secretary, at top research lab in Plainsboro, says country resuming international effort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    plan to build a $5 billion fusion reactor, called the International Thermonuclear Experimental ReactorEnergy chief tells Jersey: Fusion's back Secretary, at top research lab in Plainsboro, says country States plans to resume participation in an international collaboration to develop fusion energy

  20. Executive Summary An emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary anthropogenic1 sources and sinks of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, John B.

    Executive Summary An emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary emission sources and greenhouse gases to climate change. In 1992, the United States signed and ratified and make available...national inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks

  1. An Alternate Career Choice for the Geography Major: Map, GIS, Geographic Information Librarianship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weimer, Katherine

    2007-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    ; Geologic Atlas of the United States Digitized version of complete, 227 volume historic publication http://txspace.tamu.edu/handle/1969.1/2489#21; {Permanent Link} http://labs.di.tamu.edu:8080/geofolios/handle/123456789/2#21; {Yahoo!Map Beta Interface...

  2. Accepted for publication in Progress in Physical Geography Lunar Resources: A Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Ian

    that the resource base of the Solar System might in future be used to supplement the economic resources of our own in these possibilities, with several private companies established with the stated aim of exploiting extraterrestrial resources (these include companies with the names Astrobiotic Technology, Deep Space Industries, Golden

  3. Integrated investigation of dementia risk factors : insights from geography, record linkage, and individual participant meta-analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russ, Thomas Charles

    2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Dementia is a public health priority and its importance is projected to increase in coming decades, particularly in low-to middle-income countries. A description of the methodological challenges of observational studies ...

  4. Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

  5. Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

  6. United States Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Programs to Manage High-Level Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel in the United States and Other-Level Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel in the United States and Other Countries A Report to CongressUnited States Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board Experience Gained From Programs to Manage High

  7. Sustainable solutions for solid waste management in Southeast Asian countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uyen Nguyen Ngoc [Institute for Process Engineering (IPE), Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 21a, A8010 Graz (Austria)], E-mail: utemvnn2003@yahoo.com; Schnitzer, Hans [Institute for Process Engineering (IPE), Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 21a, A8010 Graz (Austria)

    2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Human activities generate waste and the amounts tend to increase as the demand for quality of life increases. Today's rate in the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEANs) is alarming, posing a challenge to governments regarding environmental pollution in the recent years. The expectation is that eventually waste treatment and waste prevention approaches will develop towards sustainable waste management solutions. This expectation is for instance reflected in the term 'zero emission systems'. The concept of zero emissions can be applied successfully with today's technical possibilities in the agro-based processing industry. First, the state-of-the-art of waste management in Southeast Asian countries will be outlined in this paper, followed by waste generation rates, sources, and composition, as well as future trends of waste. Further on, solutions for solid waste management will be reviewed in the discussions of sustainable waste management. The paper emphasizes the concept of waste prevention through utilization of all wastes as process inputs, leading to the possibility of creating an ecosystem in a loop of materials. Also, a case study, focusing on the citrus processing industry, is displayed to illustrate the application of the aggregated material input-output model in a widespread processing industry in ASEAN. The model can be shown as a closed cluster, which permits an identification of opportunities for reducing environmental impacts at the process level in the food processing industry. Throughout the discussion in this paper, the utilization of renewable energy and economic aspects are considered to adapt to environmental and economic issues and the aim of eco-efficiency. Additionally, the opportunities and constraints of waste management will be discussed.

  8. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  9. Electricity Network Tariff Architectures: A Comparison of Four OECD Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakhrani, Vivek

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study is motivated by the question “what is the optimal tariff design?” While we do not offer an answer to this question, we use the different designs in four select countries to illuminate the issues involved in ...

  10. Bicycle-powered attachments : designing for developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jodie (Jodie Z.)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are 550 million smallholder farmers around the world who earn less than $1/day who could benefit from pedal-powered attachments. This project discusses factors to consider in designing for developing countries and ...

  11. Essays on household decision making in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

  12. Strategic analysis of mobile money ventures in Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caballero, Luis (Luis Alberto Caballero Parra)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile money services are spreading rapidly in many developed and developing countries across the world. Whereas in developed economies these new services are seen as a way to make current services more functional and ...

  13. Grant Researching and Proposal Writing in Indian Country Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Seminole Tribe of Florida Native Learning Center is excited to present its first Grant Researching and Proposal Writing in Indian Country Workshop. Whether you are a beginner, an expert, or...

  14. Power Sector Reform in Developing Countries: A Return to Basics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas, James B.

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Instead of following the Restructuring Model most often used in the international community since the 1990s, developing countries should adopt an alternative conceptual model called the Integrated Model in order to develop and implement effective electricity reform programs. (author)

  15. Understanding developing countries' capacities to negotiate effective trade agreements : Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonilla, Martha Isabel, 1965-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the obstacles (the negotiation machinery, the asymmetric context of power and the international and domestic context) for developing countries in negotiating international trade agreements with the US. ...

  16. Essays on banking and corporate finance in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gormley, Todd A

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation consists of three essays that examine banking and corporate finance in developing countries. Specifically, it explores the theoretical and empirical implications of open capital markets, foreign bank ...

  17. What Polarized Country? Clean Energy -The Great Convener

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    What Polarized Country? Clean Energy - The Great Convener Tuesday, October 2, 2012 11:30 a.m. - 1, vast agreement that we should champion clean energy and energy efficiency. Join us for an engaging

  18. Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanna, G. B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an energy analysis to support the Egyptian efforts to develop a New Energy Code for New Residential Buildings in the Arab Countries. Also, the paper represents a brief summary of the code contents specially, the effectiveness...

  19. asian countries current: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Views of Teachers and Students Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: related to reform mathematics were not more likely to be deemphasized in each East Asian country. Also,...

  20. Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanna, G. B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an energy analysis to support the Egyptian efforts to develop a New Energy Code for New Residential Buildings in the Arab Countries. Also, the paper represents a brief summary of the code contents ...

  1. Carbon and Water Cycling in a Texas Hill Country Woodland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamps, Ray Herbert

    2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Two tree species, Plateau live oak (Quercus fusiformis) and Ashe juniper (Juniperus ashei) survive and thrive in a dense woodland on thin soil overlying massive limestone formations in the Texas Hill Country with recurrent annual summer drought...

  2. Contemporary rhetorical trends and tensions in women's country music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haynes, Julie Ann

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    randomly selected songs by women which reached number one on Billboard's "Country Singles" charts. Additionally, through the use of gender ideology criticism, the four most popular music videos of the 1990s sample are evaluated. The study revealed...

  3. The impact of oil on a developing country

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ikein, A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book provides an analysis of the impact of the oil industry on a particular developing country, Nigeria over a period of 32 years. Arguing that previous studies on the oil industry in developing countries have tended to focus only on the economic significance of oil, ignoring its societal costs, the author uses a multidimensional approach that enables him to identify the linkage between the performance of the oil industry and the pattern of Nigeria's national and regional development.

  4. India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

  5. Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

  6. Opportunities for energy conservation in the developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koshel, P.; Allen, E.L.; Cecelski, E.; Dougher, R.; Ring, L.

    1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy problems faced by developing countries are explored and opportunities for saving energy and for using fuels other than petroleum in the modern sector are assessed. Specific resources assessed include oil and gas, coal, hydropower, and traditional fuels. Trends in commercial energy consumption by the developing countries are assessed and the domestic fuel resources of these countries are examined. Patterns of commercial energy use in several LDCs including Sri Lanka, Haiti, India, Kenya, Egypt, the Phillippines, the Republic of Korea, and Brazil are examined. Sri Lanka and Haiti are the subjects for case studies reported in the appendixes. Opportunities for conservation in the modern sector, which include most industrial activities, transportation, and electric power generation as well as some agricultural activities and large residential and commercial buildings, are discussed. The concluding section explores policies which might be initiated by LDC governments to encourage energy conservation. (MCW)

  7. Reliability worth assessment in a developing country - residential survey results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Billinton, R.; Pandey, M.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of a residential customer survey conducted in service areas of the Nepal Integrated Electric Power System (NPS). The objective was to determine the power interruption costs incurred by the residential customers of a developing country, and extend the customer survey approach to reliability worth evaluation in a developing environment. Interruption cost estimates were obtained using in-person interviews with 944 sample customers. The results indicate the implications of service reliability to residential customers of Nepal, and show that reliability worth evaluation in a developing country is both possible and practical.

  8. Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany core members (project manager) Dr Sweden Germany ordinary members Frank Breitling Eoin Carley Dr. Harry Enke Dr. Norbert Jakowski Dr Germany Ireland Germany Germany UK Ireland Germany UK Ireland associated memb. Prof. Dr. John Brown Dr

  9. Exports and productivity --Comparable evidence for 14 countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Exports and productivity -- Comparable evidence for 14 countries N° 2007-36 Décembre 2007 The International Study Group on Exports and Productivity Flora BELLONE Université de Nice ­ Sophia Antipolis Liza Lionel NESTA OFCE-DRIC Stefano SCHIAVO OFCE-DRIC hal-00973116,version1-3Apr2014 #12;Exports

  10. Version Dec 12, 2002 SHOULD DEVELOPING COUNTRIES RENOUNCE MINING?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the richer and better off it is. In this view of the world, mining is the key that converts dormant mineral. The prices of primary products may have fallen relative to those for manufactured goods. If true, countries producing and exporting primary goods have over time had to export more and more for a given basket

  11. Roadmap for H2 in the Nordic Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roadmap for H2 in the Nordic Countries Per Dannemand Andersen, Ole Greve, Stefan Krüger Nielsen: Per Dannemand Andersen, Ole Greve, Stefan Krûger Niel- sen Title: Roadmaps for H2 in the Nordic char.): This report reports on a roadmap workshop held in Roskilde in 2004 as a part of the Nordic H2

  12. H2 R&D Activities in the Nordic Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R&D Activities in the Nordic Countries Department: Department of Systems Analysis, Risø National is given on the R&D projects at national, EU and Nordic levels. Risø National Laboratory Information National Research in Hydrogen and Fuel Cells 6 3.1 Danish H2 Energy R&D 6 3.2 Finnish H2 related R&D 7 3

  13. Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal J.H. Williams, R. Ghanadan-oriented reforms in their electric power sectors. Despite the widespread adoption of a standard policy model features of non-OECD electricity reform and reappraises reform policies and underlying assumptions

  14. Developing country FDI and development: the case of the Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    's early investment in the Sudan by the Chinese National Oil Corporation (CNPC) and the consequent cascade * This paper examines the development implications of Chinese investment in the Sudan to enable a better understanding of the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) from developing countries. By examining China

  15. Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact provides information on the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

  16. Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides information on the Alaska Native governments selected to receive assistance from the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

  17. Advancing Energy Development in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides information on the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

  18. Countries Distillate Heating Oil (No. 2 Heating Oil and Gasoil...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, excluding taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 2.40 2.30 2.43 2.41 2.41 2.11 2.56 42015 2.26 2.21 2.35 2.32 2.31...

  19. Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries A Saleh1 and MA Al-Nimr2 1 Abstract: The present study proposes an evaporative refrigerating system used to keep water or other are found to be consistent with the available literature data. Keywords: evaporative refrigeration, heat

  20. Country report Municipal solid waste composition determination supporting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Country report Municipal solid waste composition determination supporting the integrated solid a variation between the municipal solid waste (MSW) composition in the region of Crete (2003­2004) and MSW composition suggested in the National Solid Waste Planning (2000) [National Solid Waste Planning, 2000

  1. Sectoral targets for developing countries: Combining "Common but differentiated responsibilities"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , as also is the impact on the electricity price. Keywords Sectoral approach, sectoral target, developing-type absolute commitments, whilst developing countries adopt an emission trading system limited to electricity are auctioned by the government, which distributes its revenues lump-sum to households. In a second scenario

  2. Energy efficiency from the perspective of developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the markets are fundamental, as illustrated by integrated resource planning and utility demand side management the industrialized countries because the infrastructure-building era is largely over there and the demand for basic for utilities to earn profits on demand side energy effi- ciency investments. There is a need for an integrated

  3. Emission reduction strategies for countries in transition and small countries as a basis for internationally harmonized energy policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lueth, O.A.; Jattke, A.; Rentz, O.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Results from energy-environment models, such as national emission reduction strategies and related costs, not only have an influence on national policy but are also used as a basis for international commitments with the objective of emission limitation. In recent years, there has been a great interest in a growing number of countries, for instance of ex-Yugoslavia or of the former Soviet Union, in models and methodologies that are internationally accepted. But, whereas the general methodologies can be transferred easily, modifications are necessary to take into account the specific situation of countries with economies in transition and small countries in particular. In this paper, improvements of the internationally accepted energy-emission model EFOM-ENV are described that make it possible to consider issues like a limited availability of hard currency and liquid capital as well as the uncertainty about the future economic development. For small countries, a mixed integer approach is pursued which permits to consider: (1) political trends, for instance striving for more independence from energy imports; (2) economical effects like economies of scale; and (3) technical aspects such as the impossibility of decreasing or increasing the capacity of an existing plant by any small quantity.

  4. The Departments of Biological Sciences and Geography jointly offer instruction leading to a post-diploma major in Environmental Science.This program is directed toward graduates of the Lethbridge Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    -diploma major in Environmental Science.This program is directed toward graduates of the Lethbridge Community.Sc. in Environmental Science is designed to provide complementary training in both Biological Sciences and Geography College Natural Resources Technology Douglas College Associate in Science Degree (Environmental Science

  5. Energy use and carbon emissions: Non-OECD countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report surveys world energy use and carbon emissions patterns, with particular emphasis on the non-OECD countries. The non OECD is important not only because it currently makes up 84% of world population, but because its energy consumption, carbon emissions, population, and grow domestic product have all been growing faster than OECD`s. This presentation has seven major sections: (1) overview of key trends in non-OECD energy use and carbon emissions since 1970; (2) Comparison and contrasting energy use and carbon emissions for five major non OEDC regions (former Soviet Union and eastern Europe, Pacific Rim including China, Latin America, other Asia; Africa; 3-7) presentation of aggregate and sectoral energy use and carbon emissions data for countries within each of the 5 regions.

  6. Beahrs Environmental Leadership Program All Participant List 2001-2010 University of California, Berkeley Region Country Year Name Employer Current Title Discipline Specialty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildermuth, Mary C

    Science Environment, Natural Resource Management, Climate Change Africa, East Kenya 2008 Mrs. Violet Building Africa, East Kenya 2004 Dr. Philomena Muiruri Kenyatta University, Geography Dept. Lecturer Ngotho Green Network, South Africa Research and Development Officer Development Environmental Mgmt

  7. New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

  8. Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

  9. Geography and Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , synthe- size, and analyze data at the Soltis Center and on a two-week field trip to La Fortuna, Liberia Fortuna, Are- nal area. The following two weeks will be traveling to Costa Rican cities and towns walk in rainforest Arenal Volcano hike Visit town of La Fortuna Hydroelectric dam tour Visits to La

  10. Calvert: an historical geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMillan, Frank N

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Robertson County (in map pocket) Love Abstract Nap of Robertson County , . (in map pocket) 10 Calvert Quadrangle Location of Calvert Bluff 21 23 12 13 Texas Mean Annual Temperature Texas Mean Annual Precipitation Distribution of Lignite...-Bearing Rocks in Texas 27 28 14 Distribution of Lignite-Bearing Rocks in Robertson County 33 15 Diagrammatic Section of Calvert Bluff 34 16 17 Mexican Texas Robertson's Colony 41 45 18 Cotton Production per 100 Inhabitants 54 19 20 Texas, 1860...

  11. CHARACTERIZING COSTS, SAVINGS AND BENEFITS OF A SELECTION OF ENERGY EFFICIENT EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, T.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis. Kerr, T. (2008). CHP/DGC Country Scorecard: UnitedPoint, NY. Hedman, B. (2009). CHP: The State of the Market.10  Advanced CHP Turbines (Utilities-

  12. For most of its history Spain had been a country of emigration--sending laborers abroad to find employment. But the latter quarter of the 20th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    1 I. Problem For most of its history Spain had been a country of emigration--sending laborers abroad to find employment. But the latter quarter of the 20th century has seen Spains status shift from individuals to live and work in the southern European state. Immigrants to Spain come from diverse locations

  13. AVTA: 2011 Chrysler Town and Country Experimental PHEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Chrysler Town and Country PHEV 2011, an experimental model not currently for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  14. Energy data collection as a necessary activity for developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loebl, A.S.; Cagle, J.D.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the reasons for energy data collection by developing countries and includes an examination of the special requirements of Costa Rica for energy data collection. A primary reason for national data collection is to support the planning function, and this is particularly significant where energy planning and economic development are concerned. Energy data are necessary to support all phases of planning: short-term; mid-term; and long-range and/or strategic planning. These different planning requirements are discussed. Energy data are also necessary to support national management, as well as the economic-development functions. These latter requirements are also discussed briefly.

  15. Louisiana Natural Gas Exports From All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) 3 0 0 0 1569 0 0 0SalesFrom All Countries

  16. Mississippi Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million CubicCubic Feet) Price All Countries (Dollars per

  17. U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal ProductionLiquefiedNaturalCountry (Volumes

  18. New Zealand Asia-Pacific energy series country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report on New Zealand is one of a series of country studies intended to provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This report addresses significant changes occurring due to the reform, deregulation, and privatization of the economy in general and the energy sector in particular; provides the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation; petroleum and gas issues are highlighted, particularly the implications of foreign trade in oil and gas; provides the latest available statistics and insights to energy policy that are not generally available elsewhere.

  19. Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: FinalOffers New Training on Energy ManagementAugustin2012) |Energy Fayette Country,

  20. San Diego Country Estates, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to:RoscommonSBYSalton Sea Geothermal AreaInformation Country

  1. Program Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroupPerfectenergyInformation toPowerPrincetonProgram Organization Country

  2. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality", 2013,Iowa"Dakota"YearProductionShaleInput Product: TotalCountry: All

  3. Idaho Natural Gas Exports to All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYearperHOWYear-MonthExports to All Countries

  4. REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to:b < RAPID‎RBI Solar IncREDD+ Country

  5. Distributed Generation Study/VIP Country Club | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale, Michigan:Emerling Farm <Site DescriptionNewVIP Country

  6. Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuanInformationLoremo AGInformationCountry

  7. US EIA Country Energy Profiles | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin HydropowerTrinityTurnbullGlobal Map-Annex 1EIA Country Energy

  8. Vietnam-USAID Country Report | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt ManagementVeraInformationUSAID Country Report Jump

  9. Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits Tool for calculation of CO2 emissions from organisations U.S. Environmental Protection Agency State and Local...

  10. Floating Cities, Islands and States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolonkin, Alexander

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many small countries are in need of additional territory. They build landfills and expensive artificial islands. The ocean covers 71 per cent of the Earth surface. Those countries (or persons of wealth) starting the early colonization of the ocean may obtain advantages through additional territory or creating their own independent state. An old idea is building a big ship. The best solution to this problem, however, is the provision of floating cities, islands, and states. The author idea is to use for floating cities, islands, and states a cheap floating platform created from a natural ice field taken from the Arctic or Antarctic oceans. These cheap platforms protected by air-film (bottom and sides) and a conventional insulating cover (top) and having a cooling system can exist for an unlimited time. They can be increased in number or size at any time, float in warm oceans, travel to different continents and countries, serve as artificial airports, harbors and other marine improvements, as well as floating c...

  11. Electricity Sector Reform in Developing Countries: A Survey of Empirical Evidence on Determinants and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamasb, Tooraj; Mota, Raffaella L; Newbery, David; Pollitt, Michael G.

    2004-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the empirical evidence on electricity reform in developing countries. We find that country institutions and sector governance play an important role in success and failure of reform; reforms appear to have increased operating...

  12. Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) AgencyCompany...

  13. Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports - Dataset Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of...

  14. The impact and potential role of multinational corporations in achieving sustainability in Latin American countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atencio, Charles V. (Charles Victor)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis aims to assess the activities and influence of automotive multinational corporations (MNCs) in developing countries as it relates to the concept of "total sustainability" within three countries: Argentina, ...

  15. Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    United Arab Emirates. Other Non-OPEC Countries include Brazil, Columbia, Netherlands, Norway, United Kingdom, U.S. Virgin Islands and other non-OPEC countries. Source: U.S. Energy...

  16. Contracting Rail Freight Services for Country Elevators in the Texas Panhandle.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Stephen

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Upgrading Country Elevators to Handle Multicar Grain Shipments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5 Annual Fixed Costs Associated with Upgrading Country Elevators .............. 7 Grain... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 7 Railroad Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8 Grain Inspection and Grading Costs at Upgraded Elevators .................... 9 RESULTS...

  17. The contribution of mobile telecommunication technology to sustainable development in selected countries in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Alexander (Alexander En-Tzu)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While most of the world's population resides in countries that are wealthy or developing, the rest reside in low-income and least developed countries (LDCs), left behind and growing more disconnected. At the same time, ...

  18. Energy Demand and Fuel Supply in Developing Countries Brazil, Korea and the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant A.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1980. COUNTRY REPORT BRAZIL TRENDS OF ENERGY USE I N BRAZILBRAZIL KOREA PHILIPPINES INTRODUCTION During the 1970s, energyENERGY DEMAND AND FUEL SUPPLY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BRAZIL,

  19. Interactive Effects of Geography and Host Plant Species on Genetic and Phenotypic Variation of Cotton Fleahopper Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barman, Apurba

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    in the southern United States. No studies have addressed intraspecific genetic and phenotypic variation of this insect pest at a large geographic scale. I examined genetic variation among cotton fleahopper populations associated with cotton in different...

  20. Singapore's Economic Balancing Act: How a Company's Collapse Challenged the Country's New Corporate Governance Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roseme, Sam

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE COUNTRY'S NEW CORPORATE GOVERNANCE REGIME Sam RosemeON SINGAPORE'S CORPORATE GOVERNANCE REGIME . A.CORPORATE GOVERNANCE .. B. CHINA'S

  1. A developing country perspective on implementing sustainable energy programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ul Haq, Z.; James, J.A. [Princeton Economic Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Kamal, S. [International Consortium for Energy Development, Boston, MA (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Bangladesh is a developing country faced with many challenges such as high population growth rate, low literacy levels, and poverty. One of its most difficult tasks is providing the infrastructure necessary to sustain a growing population with a finite resource base. There is a need to develop a long term energy strategy that relies on sustainable resources while reducing environmental harm. Solar energy has the potential to meet these requirements and presents a highly attractive energy source for Bangladesh. Bangladesh is fortunate enough to have a significant amount of solar irradiance. A number of projects have been started in Bangladesh to exploit renewable energy resources. This paper will highlight the current status of these projects. Major interest and activity is directed towards development of photovoltaic and wind resources. The market for renewable technologies is vast in Bangladesh where a significant portion of the population is off-grid and in need of energy. Although this is not an affluent market technology costs have come down sufficiently such that it is becoming accessible to rural populations with credit schemes. While developing sustainable energy is a worthwhile goal and much encouraged by donor agencies, Bangladesh`s perspective on attempting to develop this sector suggests that it is not an easy road to follow, due to numerous internal and external barriers. A discussion of the barriers to the commercialization of renewables will be included in this paper. The objective of this paper is to shed some light on these issues and to stimulate discussions on how to overcome the barriers and encourage the dissemination of renewables in developing countries.

  2. 2009 by Berkshire Publishing Group LLC Comprehensive index starts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    on the urban geography of the country. The new government pursued an autarkic de- velopment strategy (one

  3. Municipal solid waste management challenges in developing countries - Kenyan case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henry, Rotich K. [College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Zhao Yongsheng [College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China)]. E-mail: zhaoyongsheng@jlu.edu.cn; Dong Jun [College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an overview of the state of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) by local authorities in Kenya as a case study of a low-income developing country. Approaches of possible solutions that can be undertaken to improve municipal solid waste (MSW) services are discussed. Poor economic growth (1.1% in 1993) has resulted in an increase in the poverty level which presently stands at 56%. Migration from the rural areas to the urban areas has resulted in unplanned settlements in suburban areas accommodating about 60% of the urban population on only 5% urban land area. Political interference also hampers smooth running of local authorities. Vulnerability of pollution of surface and groundwater is high because local authorities rarely considered environmental impact in siting MSW disposal sites. Illegal dumping of MSW on the river banks or on the roadside poses environmental and economic threats on nearby properties. Poor servicing of MSW collection vehicles, poor state of infrastructure and the lack of adequate funding militate against optimization of MSW disposal service. The rural economy needs to be improved if rural-urban migration is to be managed. Involvement of stakeholders is important to achieve any meaningful and sustainable MSWM. The role of the informal sector through community-based organizations (CBOs), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and the private sector in offering solutions towards improvement of MSWM also is explored.

  4. SP.784 Wheelchair Design in Developing Countries, Spring 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winter, Amos G.

    This class will give students the chance to better the lives of others by improving wheelchairs and tricycles made in the developing world. According to the United States Agency for International Development, 20 million ...

  5. In This Issue United States and European

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In This Issue United States and European Consumer Demand for Genetically Modified Food mandatory labeling laws. EU countries require labeling of genetically modified foods, and a number of large EU retailers have agreed to stop selling all genetically modified foods, effectively banning

  6. Experience of Consolidation Of Disused Sources In Developing Countries, An African Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kifanga, L.D.; Mompome, W.K.; Shao, D. [Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission, Arusha (Tanzania, United Republic of)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Application of sealed sources in agriculture, medicine and industry was used in many African countries without having any arrangements in place for managing the sources when their useful life was over. In Tanzania a substantial use of such sources was utilized. In the early days source management was not an area that was given the required attention hence a legacy associated with sealed sources became evident in many African countries and Tanzania was one of them. In the 90's Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission (TAEC), realized the scope of the waste problem and began to participate in an International Atomic Energy Agency Regional (IAEA) project on waste management. Tanzania in cooperation with IAEA initiated activities under the IAEA Technical Cooperation and the Regional projects 'Strengthening Waste Management Infrastructure, RAF/4/015'; and 'Sustaining the Waste Management Infrastructure RAF/3/005' which played a significant role. The first outcome of the project was realized in 1999, as the first 'Temporary Radioactive Waste Storage Facility' began to operate. This particular Storage facility gave the first impact as well as the need to develop this particular infrastructure further. As the project carried on, more and more orphan sources were recovered, collected and safely stored at the facility. As the use of nuclear technology was expanding and the identification of the extent of sealed sources in the countries became more defined, the need to develop a 'Central Radioactive Waste Management Facility' (CRWMF) was becoming more desired. The central radioactive waste storage facility was constructed and commissioned in 2005. The facility was more advanced and could be used for much longer periods of time, as one of the most advanced storage facility in the Region. At present a large number of disused sources from various industries as well as from different activities are being stored at the facility. Tanzanian authorities are also planning to initiate a nationwide mission to recover and properly store as well as dispose of abandoned sources. Cooperation among the AFRA Member states has been very rewarding in terms of experience and its importance. Skills that have been gained during the past years of existence of the AFRA project will be a vital contribution for years to come. This paper discusses the experiences of United Republic of Tanzania on management of orphan radioactive sources. The need to develop its own radioactive waste management infrastructure was required due to the fact, that many disused radioactive sources have been found abandoned and needed to be properly disposed of. The paper will also discuss some of these experiences. (authors)

  7. Key statistics related to CO/sub 2/ emissions: Significant contributing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kellogg, M.A.; Edmonds, J.A.; Scott, M.J.; Pomykala, J.S.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This country selection task report describes and applies a methodology for identifying a set of countries responsible for significant present and anticipated future emissions of CO/sub 2/ and other radiatively important gases (RIGs). The identification of countries responsible for CO/sub 2/ and other RIGs emissions will help determine to what extent a select number of countries might be capable of influencing future emissions. Once identified, those countries could potentially exercise cooperative collective control of global emissions and thus mitigate the associated adverse affects of those emissions. The methodology developed consists of two approaches: the resource approach and the emissions approach. While conceptually very different, both approaches yield the same fundamental conclusion. The core of any international initiative to control global emissions must include three key countries: the US, USSR, and the People's Republic of China. It was also determined that broader control can be achieved through the inclusion of sixteen additional countries with significant contributions to worldwide emissions.

  8. Governing Change: An Institutional Geography of Rural Land Use, Environmental Management, and Change in the North Coastal Basin of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Anne Garrity

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Total Maximum Daily Loads for Sediment and Temperature." North Coast Regional Water Quality ControlTotal Maximum Daily Load Implementation Policy Statement for Sediment Impaired Receiving Waters." North Coast Regional Water Quality ControlQuality Control Board SMA: Streamside Management Areas SWRCB: State Water Resources Control Board THP: Timber Harvest Plan TMDL: Total

  9. Interactions between financial and environmental networks in OECD countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruzzenenti, Franco; Ticci, Elisa; Vozzella, Pietro; Gabbi, Giampaolo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyse a multiplex of networks between OECD countries during the decade 2002-2010, which consists of five financial layers, given by foreign direct investment, equity securities, short-term, long-term and total debt securities, and five environmental layers, given by emissions of N O x, P M 10 SO 2, CO 2 equivalent and the water footprint associated with international trade. We present a new measure of cross-layer correlations between flows in different layers based on reciprocity. For the assessment of results, we implement a null model for this measure based on the exponential random graph theory. We find that short-term financial flows are more correlated with environmental flows than long-term investments. Moreover, the correlations between reverse financial and environmental flows (i.e. flows of different layers going in opposite directions) are generally stronger than correlations between synergic flows (flows going in the same direction). This suggests a trade-off between financial and environmenta...

  10. United States

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - I United States Department of Energy D lSCk Al M E R "This book was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United...

  11. Select a Topic Select a Country Search EUbusiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sitemap French minister seeks Spanish support over ITER energy project 21 January 2004 French Research minister is "campaigning to mobilise Europeans, and particularly the Spanish because they would host part States, which this month came out in support of Japan's bid, they added. Haignere is due to meet Spanish

  12. The contents of this (U) presentation in no way represent the policies, views, or attitudes of the United States Department of State, or the United States Government, except as otherwise noted (e.g., travel advisories, public statements). The presentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Many over-the-counter medicines are also barred from entry in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and while of the United States Department of State, or the United States Government, except as otherwise noted (e Seasoned travelers understand that laws in foreign countries can differ vastly from those in the United

  13. Energy profiles of selected Latin American and Caribbean countries. Report series No. 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, K.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Countries in this report include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. These ten countries are the most important oil and gas producers in the Latin American and the Caribbean region. In the following sections, the primary energy supply (oil, gas, coal, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power whenever they are applicable), primary energy consumption, downstream oil sector development, gas utilization are discussed for each of the ten countries. The report also presents our latest forecasts of petroleum product consumption in each country toward 2000, which form the basis of the outlook for regional energy production and consumption outlined in Report No 1. Since the bulk of primary energy supply and demand is hydrocarbons for many countries, brief descriptions of the important hydrocarbons policy issues are provided at the end of the each country sections.

  14. Simple open economy macro with comprehensive accounting: a two country model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godley, Wynne; Lavoie, Marc

    -economy models, there is a cr ucial difference: Taylor still assumes endogenously determined interest rates. 4 SFC is the expression coined by Dos Santos (2002). 4 Table 1: Transaction and balance sheet matrices of a simplified economy with capital... by the residents of either country. Since transactions by agents in the $ country are all measured in $ cu rrency, while transactions in the # country are measured in the # currency, all cr oss border transactions must be converted from one currency to the other...

  15. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    "Monthly Foreign Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil, by Selected Country Energy Information Administration ...

  16. Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  17. Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  18. A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    developed (domestic) Target LDC (domestic) Internationaltarget developed” and “target LDC” categories are used todeveloped countries (“LDC”) for the purpose of estimating

  19. Does Agricultural Liberalization Reduce Rural Welfare in Less Developed Countries? The Case of CAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, J. Edward; Yunez Naude, Antonio; Jesurun-Clements, Nancy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    affect welfare in rural LDC households by depressing worldin high-income countries with LDC tariff reform, from thisinflicts damage on the LDC rural economy. More than two

  20. World commodity prices: the role of external debt and industrial country policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausser, Gordon C.; Rose, Marjorie B.; Irwin, Douglas A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Performance Links Between LDC Debtors and IndustrialMacro and Micro Policies on LDC Debtors: Measuring Commodityfor Less Developed Country (LDC) commodity exporters. In

  1. A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    developed (domestic) Target LDC (domestic) Internationaltarget developed” and “target LDC” categories are used todeveloped countries (“LDC”) for the purpose of estimating

  2. Performance Measurement in the Road Sector: A Cross-Country Review...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Region(s): Asia, Europe, Australia & North America This report focuses on reviewing performance requirements and indicators established by developed countries worldwide....

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - adjacent countries species Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: listed over a dozen Pyramica species, and even more of Strumigenys, from Suriname and its adjacent... ) and all other countries that surround it. Recently, this...

  4. Fast Out of the Gate: How Developing Asian Countries can Prepare...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TOOL Name: Fast Out of the Gate: How Developing Asian Countries can Prepare to Access International Green Growth Financing AgencyCompany Organization: USAID ComplexityEase...

  5. Country analysis briefs: 1994. Profiles of major world energy producers, consumers, and transport centers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Country Analysis Briefs: 1994 is a compilation of country profiles prepared by the Energy Markets and Contingency Information Division (EMCID) of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use. EMCID maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets. As a general rule, CABs are prepared for all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers. As of January 1995, EMCID maintained over 40 CABs, updated on an annual schedule and subject to revision as events warrant. This report includes 25 CABs updated during 1994. All CABs contain a profile section, a map showing the country`s location, and a narrative section. The profile section includes outlines of the country`s economy, energy sector, and environment. The narrative provides further information and discussion of these topics. Some CABs also include a detailed map displaying locations of major oil and gas fields, pipelines, ports, etc. These maps were created as a result of special individual requests and so are not typically a standard feature of the CABs. They are presented here wherever available as a supplement to the information contained in the CABs.

  6. Tina Esh and Illith Rosenblum's Touism in Developing Countries- Trick or Treat?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Migot-Adholla, S.E.

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTRIES - TRICK OR TREAT? by Tira Esh and lllith ~senblun,of the report, 'Trick or Treat? ' oould not the.J;efore be

  7. Approaches used for Clearance of Lands from Nuclear Facilities among Several Countries: Evaluation for Regulatory Input

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The study entitled, “Approaches used for Clearance of Lands from Nuclear Facilities among Several Countries: Evaluation for Regulatory Input,” focuses on the issue of showing compliance with given...

  8. International Experiences and Frameworks to Support Country-Driven Low-Emissions Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benioff, R.; Cochran, J.; Cox, S.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Countries can use low-emission development strategies (LEDS) to advance sustainable development, promote private-sector growth, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper proposes a framework -- or support infrastructure -- to enable the efficient exchange of LEDS-related knowledge and technical assistance. Under the proposed framework, countries share LEDS-related resources via coordinating forums, 'knowledge platforms,' and networks of experts and investors. The virtual 'knowledge platforms' foster learning by allowing countries to communicate with each other and share technical reports, data, and analysis tools in support of LEDS development. Investing in all elements of the framework in an integrated fashion increases the efficacy of support for country-driven LEDS.

  9. Do free-of-charge public health services impede cost recovery policies in Khartoum state, Sudan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Do free-of-charge public health services impede cost recovery policies in Khartoum state, Sudan? K about Sudan and the similarity of conditions in sub-Saharan Africa, the authors support this study using background from the experiences of other developing countries). Sudan, like other developing countries, has

  10. CHARTER INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORK GROUP

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJune 2,The BigSidingState6 (2-91)A2015EnergyCESP

  11. DOE Announces Webinars on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| Department of Energy -State Efficiency,ofofofRFIResearch Tools, and More

  12. The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative Advantage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative: Wages, Inequality, Trade, Technology Transfer First draft, 20.09.2014 Summary During the expansion of world trade since the 1980s, measures of inequality have risen not only in developed countries, but also

  13. Frankie Phua Executive Director and Head of Credit & Country Risk Management Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    Frankie Phua Executive Director and Head of Credit & Country Risk Management Division UOB Frankie Phua is the Executive Director and the Global Head of the Credit & Country Risk Management Division (PD, LGD and EAD), economic capital modelling, credit portfolio risk management, counterparty credit

  14. THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES OLAF VAN, which is a key element of the flexicurity model. Building on the political economy literature, we test in the political economy literature, but hardly for Eastern European countries, because of a lack of data. We

  15. 2007 Survey of Energy Resources World Energy Council 2007 Wave Energy COUNTRY NOTES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007 Survey of Energy Resources World Energy Council 2007 Wave Energy 550 COUNTRY NOTES The following Country Notes on Wave Energy have been compiled by Tom Thorpe and the Editors. Every effort has been made to be comprehensive by making contact with all known wave energy developers. However

  16. Principles and problems of environmental pollution of groundwater resources with case examples from developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Egboka, B.C.E.; Orajaka, I.P.; Ejiofor, A.O. (Anambra State Univ. of Technology, Awka (Nigeria)); Nwankwor, G.I. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Owerri (Nigeria))

    1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The principles and problems of environmental pollution and contamination are outlined. Emphasis is given to case examples from developing countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America with a comparative analysis to developed countries. The problems of pollution/contamination are widespread in developed countries but are gradually spreading from the urban to rural areas in the developing countries. Great efforts in research and control programs to check pollution-loading into the environment have been made in the industrialized countries, but only negligible actions have been taken in developing countries. Pollutants emanate from both point and distributed sources and have adversely affected both surface water and groundwaters. The influences of the geologic and hydrologic cycles that exacerbate the incidences of pollution/contamination have not been well understood by environmental planners and managers. Professionals in the different areas of pollution control projects, particularly in developing countries, lack the integrated multiobjective approaches and techniques in problem solving. Such countries as Nigeria, Kenya, Brazil, and India are now menaced by pollution hazards. Appropriate methods of control are hereby suggested.

  17. National climate change action plans: Interim report for developing and transition countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benioff, R.; Ness, E.; Hirst, J. [eds.

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under its Support for National Action Plans (SNAP) initiative, the U.S. Country Studies Program is providing financial and technical assistance to 18 countries for the development of climate change action plans. Although most of the countries have not yet completed their plans, the important lessons learned thus far are valuable and should be shared with other countries and international institutions that have an interest in the process of action plan development. This interim report describes the experience of 11 countries that are the furthest along in their planning activity and who have offered to share their results to date with the larger community of interested nations. These action plans delineate specific mitigation and adaptation measures that the countries will implement and integrate into their ongoing development programs. This report focuses on the measures the countries have selected and the methods they used to prepare their action plans. This executive summary presents key lessons and common themes using a structure similar to that used in the individual country chapters.

  18. Efficiency in the international insurance industry: A cross-country comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    Efficiency in the international insurance industry: A cross-country comparison Martin Eling und¨AT ULM #12;Efficiency in the international insurance industry: A cross-country comparison Martin Elinga/04/20 _________________________________________________________________________________________ Abstract The purpose of this paper is to provide new empirical evidence on frontier efficiency measurement

  19. Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Sandec #12;Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Jonathan Rouse Introduction 7 2 Background 11 2.1 What is marketing? 11 2.2 Why is marketing important for compost producers

  20. With Exhaustible Resources, Can A Developing Country Escape From The Poverty Trap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    With Exhaustible Resources, Can A Developing Country Escape From The Poverty Trap? Cuong Le Van is convex-concave, so that the economy may be locked into a poverty trap. We show that the extent to which the country will escape from the poverty trap depends, besides the interactions between its technology and its

  1. African Countries Take Lead On Illegal Logging UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    African Countries Take Lead On Illegal Logging UN Integrated Regional Information Networks Email Abidjan Of the 39 countries which recently signed a declaration outlawing illegal logging 31 came from Africa, an indication of how seriously the problem of illegal logging is viewed around the continent

  2. Gendering Representation: Parties, Institutions, and the Under-Representation Of Women In Brazil's State Legislatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dos Santos, Pedro G.

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation provides insights on what influences women's descriptive representation in state legislatures in Brazil. The study of female representation in Brazil provides for a good case study as the country uses a gender quota system...

  3. An evaluation of EIA system performance in eight EU countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, A. [Univ. of Aberdeen (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Aberdeen (United Kingdom); Wood, C. [Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). EIA Centre] [Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). EIA Centre

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An evaluation of the quality of environmental impact assessment (EIA) reports, modifications to projects as a result of EIA, and the influence of changes to EIA procedures in the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, and Portugal is reported. The overall proportion of satisfactory EIA reports sampled increased from 50% to 71% between 1990--1991 and 1994--1996. Several modifications to projects occurred as a result of the EIA process, but there was no apparent trend over time relating to the number or significance of modifications. All the eight Member States had taken major or minor measures to modify EIA procedures and these either have already improved the quality of EIA practice or are expected to do so. A series of recommendations to improve the performance of the EIA process is presented.

  4. Eurasian Geography and Economics, 2010, 51, No. 6, pp. 767787. DOI: 10.2747/1539-7216.51.6.767 Copyright 2010 by Bellwether Publishing, Ltd. All rights reserved.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    's population (see Hu et al., 2008). Following economic and health care reforms, China's health care sector has specializing in China analyze that country's health care inequal- ity from 1990 to 2008, for the purpose of: (1) examining spatial-temporal variations of health care inequality at multiple scales (the regional, provincial

  5. SOCIAL MODELING IN ASSESSEMENT OF A STATE’S PROPENSITY FOR NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dalton, Angela C.; Whitney, Paul D.; Coles, Garill A.; Brothers, Alan J.

    2011-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents approach for assessing a State’s propensity for nuclear weapons proliferation using social modeling. We supported this modeling by first reviewing primarily literature by social scientists on factors related to the propensity of a State to proliferation and by leveraging existing relevant data compiled by social scientists. We performed a number of validation tests on our model including one that incorporates use of benchmark data defining the proliferation status of countries in the years between 1945 and 2000. We exercise the BN model against a number of country cases representing different perceived levels of proliferation risk. We also describe how the BN model could be further refined to be a proliferation assessment tool for decision making.

  6. Citation impact of papers published from six prolific countries: A national comparison based on InCites data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bornmann, Lutz

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the InCites tool of Thomson Reuters, this study compares normalized citation impact values calculated for China, Japan, France, Germany, United States, and the UK throughout the time period from 1981 to 2010. The citation impact values are normalized to four subject areas: natural sciences; engineering and technology; medical and health sciences; and agricultural sciences. The results show an increasing trend in citation impact values for France, the UK and especially for Germany across the last thirty years in all subject areas. The citation impact of papers from China is still at a relatively low level (mostly below the world average), but the country follows an increasing trend line. The USA exhibits a relatively stable pattern of high citation impact values across the years. With small impact differences between the publication years, the US trend is increasing in engineering and technology but decreasing in medical and health sciences as well as in agricultural sciences. Similar to the USA, Japan f...

  7. Geospatial Toolkits and Resource Maps for Selected Countries from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    NREL developed the Geospatial Toolkit (GsT), a map-based software application that integrates resource data and geographic information systems (GIS) for integrated resource assessment. A variety of agencies within countries, along with global datasets, provided country-specific data. Originally developed in 2005, the Geospatial Toolkit was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. Toolkits are available for 21 countries and each one can be downloaded separately. The source code for the toolkit is also available. [Taken and edited from http://www.nrel.gov/international/geospatial_toolkits.html

  8. Methodologies used by Warsaw Pact countries (except USSR) in obtaining US technologies. Student report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheeseman, R.J.

    1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Warsaw Pact countries obtain U.S. technologies by legal and illegal means. Methods of collection include espionage, overt collection, acquisition by scientific and educational exchange participants, and illegal trade activities. Examples of methods used by the Warsaw Pact countries (except the USSR) are provided. The US faces barriers to preventing loss of its technologies. Among these are resistance from US business interests, insufficient cooperation between US government agencies and overseas allies, lack of US counterintelligence personnel, and the openess of American society. The study concludes that the Warsaw Pact's countries have narrowed NATO's qualitative lead in weaponry as a result of the Warsaw Pact's acquisition effort.

  9. Building energy calculator : a design tool for energy analysis of residential buildings in Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jonathan Y. (Jonathan York), 1979-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings are one of the world's largest consumers of energy, yet measures to reduce energy consumption are often ignored during the building design process. In developing countries, enormous numbers of new residential ...

  10. Essays on Dynamics of Cattle Prices in Three Developing Countries of Mali, Kenya, and Tanzania 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bizimana, Jean-Claude

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the growing agricultural subsectors in developing countries is livestock. Livestock and livestock products account for a third of the agricultural gross output. However, the lack of viable livestock market information systems to increase...

  11. Kevin Wood Landscape: a study in Texas Hill Country landscape design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Secker, William Walker

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kevin Wood Landscape resides in Austin, Texas as the premier residential landscape design firm. The firm, although small in stature, tackles a variety of projects throughout Austin and the immediate Hill Country. Close inspection within...

  12. Essays in oil, conflict, and the development of resource-rich countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, Jennifer Randolph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines three topics in the political economy of global oil markets and the development of resource-rich countries. The first chapter examines the effect of Saudi Arabia's crude pricing policies on the political ...

  13. Tenements : dwellings for the urban poor. Comparative study illustrating 28 cases in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aliman, Isam Mohammad

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tenements are significant systems that provide habitation to the poor in most of the urban areas of the developing countries. Yet, tenements are practically ignored if not prohibited by the public sector and consequently ...

  14. Developing a framework for evaluation of renewable energy in developing countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiarsi, Sepideh

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract In this dissertation, I develop a framework for evaluation of renewable energy projects in developing countries. There is a global common sense that addressing the increasing energy demands of both developed ...

  15. Environmental histories of the Visegrad countries: Cold War and the environmental sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    Final Environmental histories of the Visegrad countries: Cold War and the environmental sciences Institute of Contemporary History of the Academy of Sciences to the environmental sciences during the Cold War and, allied to this, establish and further

  16. Getting beyond the lowest common denominator : Developing countries in global environmental negotiations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najam, Adil

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the collective negotiation behavior of the developing countries of the South in international environmental politics. The so-called 'South'-represented in global negotiations by Group of 77 (G77)-is an ...

  17. Design and prototyping of a retrofittable motorized module for hand powered tricycles for Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Nathan Philip

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current wheelchair designs in developing countries create many difficulties for their users. In Kenya, wheelchair users are often unable to use public transportation, and thus are isolated and usually without work. This ...

  18. Localized design-manufacture for Developing Countries : a methodology for creating culturally sustainable architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinovich, Ella

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Can improved technology uptake in developing countries promote cultural sustainability and enable the production of endogenous solutions for development? This thesis, which focuses on technology dissemination for the benefit ...

  19. Pending Long-Term Applications to Export LNG to Non-FTA Countries...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Pending Long-Term Applications to Export LNG to Non-FTA Countries - Listed in Order DOE Will Commence Processing Order to Be Processed Company DOEFE Docket No. Date DOE...

  20. Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    produce much of the oil in the global market, the U.S. imports most of its oil from Canada, Mexico and other non-OPEC countries. Petroleum imports from Canada have been...

  1. Urban settlement issues : observations from 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chih-chien, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations and summaries were made on 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries, carried out by members of the Urban Settlement Design Program (U.S.D.P.), at MIT. The focus of this study is in ...

  2. Economic impact of country-of-origin labeling in the U.S. beef industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanselka, Daniel David

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Concerns over the total costs assessed to the beef industry from the implementation of mandatory country-of-origin labeling (COOL) regulations warranted an investigation into the estimation and distribution of marketing ...

  3. Modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries : a case study of Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blitzer, Charles R.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is addressed at modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries, those with populations less than 20 million or so and where neither the industrial or energy sectors are dominant. The overall ...

  4. 11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries, Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jennifer

    Policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. Reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, ...

  5. ICT and the Environment in Developing Countries: A Review of Opportunities and Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and Communication Technology (ICT), The Environment, Climate Change, Mitigation, Adaptation, Developing Countries technologies and applications. This review focuses on the role of ICTs in climate change mitigation, mitigating other environmental pressures and climate change adaptation, providing an overview and pointing

  6. Caught in the Crossfire: Strategies of Multinationals in Host Countries at War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Li

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the strategic choices of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in host countries that become engaged in war. By combining the resource-based view and resource management theory, and drawing additional insights from research...

  7. Delineating Geographical Regions with Networks of Human Interactions in an Extensive Set of Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobolevsky, Stanislav

    Large-scale networks of human interaction, in particular country-wide telephone call networks, can be used to redraw geographical maps by applying algorithms of topological community detection. The geographic projections ...

  8. Incorporating endogenous demand dynamics into long-term capacity expansion power system models for Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, Rhonda LeNai

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...

  9. Can leading indicators assess country vulnerability? Evidence from the 200809 global financial crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    , in contrast to the international debt crisis that began in Latin America in 1982 and the East Asia crisis countries were badly impacted by the global financial crisis of 2008­09. The crisis renewed interest

  10. Essays on Dynamics of Cattle Prices in Three Developing Countries of Mali, Kenya, and Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bizimana, Jean-Claude

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the growing agricultural subsectors in developing countries is livestock. Livestock and livestock products account for a third of the agricultural gross output. However, the lack of viable livestock market information systems to increase...

  11. Energy conservation policy in developing countries : the case for market solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bates, Robin W.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interest in energy conservation, although to some degree cyclical, has been stimulated during the last twenty years by the rising cost of energy in a wide range of developing and developed countries, especially following ...

  12. Opportunities for renewable energy technologies in water supply in developing country villages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niewoehner, J.; Larson, R.; Azrag, E.; Hailu, T.; Horner, J.; VanArsdale, P. [Water for People, Denver, CO (United States)

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) with information on village water supply programs in developing countries. The information is intended to help NREL develop renewable energy technologies for water supply and treatment that can be implemented, operated, and maintained by villagers. The report is also useful to manufacturers and suppliers in the renewable energy community in that it describes a methodology for introducing technologies to rural villages in developing countries.

  13. Reliability worth assessment in a developing country - commercial and industrial survey results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pandey, M.; Billinton, R.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of an investigation conducted to determine the costs of electric service interruptions in the commercial and industrial sectors of a developing country. The investigation used in-person interviews of 800 businesses and 300 industries in Nepal. The results indicate the customer implications of service reliability, and show that electric service reliability worth can be assessed in a developing country.

  14. Design and testing of a low-cost exoskeletal trans-femoral prosthetic knee device for use in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sartee, Jared Asher

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prosthetic devices are designed for amputees in developed countries, made with materials, mechanisms, and research budgets prohibitive to individuals and communities in developing countries. A prosthetic knee for trans-femoral ...

  15. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    analysis indicates that wholesale competition could be oneCSEM WP 152 Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity CompetitionFeasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a

  16. Sjune 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | in the year, largely offset the acute dry in the country's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from CAms-opi. Fig. 6.42. 2006 annual temperature anomalies (°C, 1971­2000 base) for oceania from CAms-opi

  17. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consumers. Appendix IV: Hydro Generation and the SeasonalIV 1 shows the peak demand, the residual peak demand (obtained after subtracting hydro generation

  18. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on coal power plants, I assume that transportation costs areto the marginal cost of old coal power plants in the systemthe fuel cost of coal-based power plants in 2007– 08. Note

  19. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India looking at 2 mt more LNG from RasGas”. August 29 thhas planned for major LNG imports. Minimum flow constraintsbasis. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Prices India is currently

  20. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B. (2001). “The California Electricity Crisis: Lessons forMagic or Mayhem? ” The Electricity Journal Vol 17, No 7,a Deregulated California Electricity Industry. ” Journal of

  1. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Order in the Mater of Power Purchase and Other Dispensationssigning long-term power purchase agreements. In this

  2. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cost of power from diesel based generation is almost doublediesel- based power plants (CII, 2005), the marginal cost of power generation

  3. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2003). ! 6 th Electric Power Survey. New Delhi: Centralin its 16 th Electric Power Survey of India, estimates that

  4. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct Transmission (HVDC) lines. However, the inter-Madhya Pradesh Southern Region HVDC Total Capacity (MW)

  5. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cost of power from diesel based generation is almost doubleBack-Up Generation Most back-up generators use diesel as adiesel-based captive plants are used as back-up generation

  6. The Tibetan Tradition of Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wylie, Turrel V.

    in the dynastic period and is attested by documents found at Tun-huang.13 As the nucleus of royal power was expanded into an empire various regions were brought under Tibetan domination The Yang-t'ung people in the northeast were sub­ jugated first, then tt e A... Turkestan, were captured during the reign of Khri Mang-slon mang rtsan (ascended 650-died 676). Following the death of this king. Zhang zhung revolted and its resubjugation eventually led to its incorporation into the Tibetan empire to such an extent...

  7. The Tibetan Tradition of Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wylie, Turrell V.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ dynastic period and is attested by documents found at Tun-huang.·3 As the nucleus of royal power was expanded into an empire various regions were brought under Tibetan domination., The Yang-t'ung people in the northeast were sllbjullated first... Turkestan, were captured during the reign of Khri Mang-slon mang-rtsan (ascended 650-died 676). 'Following the death of this king, Zhang.zhung revolted and its resubjugation eventually led to its incorporation into the Tibetan empire to such an extent...

  8. Prof Waldo Tobler Geography 145

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobler, Waldo

    to distinguish these command lines from regular text, but the prompt is not a part of the material to be typed. Each command line is followed by a pressing of the `return' key. This is assumed in what follows and is not shown explicitly. An ! at the beginning of a command line shifts out of `S' into Unix, for that line

  9. Waldo Tobler Professor of Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobler, Waldo

    . The conversion of observations from the map grid to the uniform lat/lon grid (or the converse) is known conversion involving a map projection. For example, if the data are collected on a square grid, but because for the capture of geographical information is to pass maps through a raster scanner. In this mode one samples

  10. Biogas Potential in the United States (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biogas has received increased attention as an alternative energy source in the United States. The factsheet provides information about the biogas (methane) potential from various sources in the country (by county and state) and estimates the power generation and transportation fuels production (renewable natural gas) potential from these biogas sources. It provides valuable information to the industry, academia and policy makers in support of their future decisions.

  11. Synergies Connecting the Photovoltaics and Solid-State Lighting Industries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurtz, S.

    2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent increases in the efficiencies of phosphide, nitride, and organic light-emitting diodes (LEDs) inspire a vision of a revolution in lighting. If high efficiencies, long lifetimes, and low cost can be achieved, solid-state lighting could save our country many quads of electricity in the coming years. The solid-state lighting (SSL) and photovoltaic (PV) industries share many of the same challenges. This paper explores the similarities between the two industries and how they might benefit by sharing information.

  12. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/16: The Potential of Technology for the Control of Small Weapons: Applications in Developing Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ALTMANN, JURGEN

    2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For improving the control of small arms, technology provides many possibilities. Present and future technical means are described in several areas. With the help of sensors deployed on the ground or on board aircraft, larger areas can be monitored. Using tags, seals, and locks, important objects and installations can be safeguarded better. With modern data processing and communication systems, more information can be available, and it can be more speedily processed. Together with navigation and transport equipment, action can be taken faster and at greater range. Particular considerations are presented for cargo control at roads, seaports, and airports, for monitoring designated lines, and for the control of legal arms. By starting at a modest level, costs can be kept low, which would aid developing countries. From the menu of technologies available, systems need to be designed for the intended application and with an understanding of the local conditions. It is recommended that states start with short-term steps, such as acquiring more and better radio transceivers, vehicles, small aircraft, and personal computers. For the medium term, states should begin with experiments and field testing of technologies such as tags, sensors, and digital communication equipment.

  13. The Pennsylvania State University The Graduate School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singha, Kamini

    OF CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS IN NATURAL WATERS AND THEIR RELATION TO INCIDENCE OF BURULI ULCER IN GOLD-MINING Thesis Advisor Erica A.H. Smithwick Assistant Professor of Geography and Ecology Richard R. Parizek between water bodies. Gold-mining pits and pools of stagnant water have a significantly different chemical

  14. Management of waste electrical and electronic equipment in two EU countries: A comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torretta, Vincenzo, E-mail: vincenzo.torretta@uninsubria.it [Department of Science and High Technology, Insubria University of Varese, Via G.B. Vico 46, I-21100 Varese (Italy); Ragazzi, Marco [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, I-38123 Trento (Italy); Istrate, Irina Aura [Department of Energy Production and Use, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 313, 060042 Bucharest (Romania); Rada, Elena Cristina [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, I-38123 Trento (Italy)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Review on data regarding WEEE management in Italy and in Romania. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Problems that countries that will enter in the EU will have to solve facing with the WEEE management. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pilot experiences useful for the awareness campaign of the population. - Abstract: The paper presents some data regarding waste electrical and electronic (WEEE) management in one of the founding countries of the EU, Italy, and in a recent entry into the EU, Romania. The aim of this research was to analyze some problems that countries entering the EU will have to solve with respect to WEEE management. The experiences of Italy and Romania could provide an interesting reference point. The strengths and weaknesses that the two EU countries have encountered can be used in order to give a more rational plan for other countries. In Italy the increase of WEEE collection was achieved in parallel with the increase of the efficiency of selective Municipal Solid Waste collection. In Romania, pilot experiences were useful to increase the awareness of the population. The different interests of the two populations towards recyclable waste led to a different scenario: in Romania all types of WEEE have been collected since its entrance into the EU; in Italy the 'interest' in recycling is typically related to large household appliances, with a secondary role of lighting equipment.

  15. Strategic environmental assessment can help solve environmental impact assessment failures in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alshuwaikhat, Habib M. [Department of City and Regional Planning, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, PO Box 1632, Dhahran 31261 (Saudi Arabia)]. E-mail: habibms@kfupm.edu.sa

    2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The current trend of industrialization and urbanization in developing nations has a huge impact on anthropogenic and natural ecosystems. Pollution sources increase with the expansion of cities and cause contamination of water, air and soil. The absence of urban environmental planning and management strategies has resulted in greater concern for future urban development. This paper advocates the adoption of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) as a means to achieve sustainable development in developing countries. It investigates project-level environmental impact assessment (EIA) and its limitations. The exploration of SEA and its features are addressed. The effective implementation of SEA can create a roadmap for sustainable development. In many developing countries, the lack of transparency and accountability and ineffective public participation in the development of the policy, plan and program (PPP) would be mitigated by the SEA process. Moreover, the proactive and broadly based characteristics of SEA would benefit the institutional development of the PPP process, which is rarely experienced in many developing countries. The paper also explores the prospects for SEA and its guiding principles in developing countries. Finally, the paper calls for a coordinated effort between all government, nongovernment and international organizations involved with PPPs to enable developing countries to pursue a path of sustainable development through the development and application of strategic environmental assessment.

  16. Market definition study of photovoltaic power for remote villages in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ragsdale, C.; Quashie, P.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this market definition study is to assess the market potential for the use of photovoltaic power systems for remote villages in developing countries. The approach used was to conduct an in-depth literature search followed by in-country surveys of selected developing countries in Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Latin America. The purpose of these surveys was to determine the current energy situation in these countries, the level of rural electrification activity, their knowledge and interest in solar and specifically photovoltaics, their financial resource capability, and the probability of development of a market for photovoltaics based on these and other factors. Findings are presented. The conclusion reached by the survey is that there is a significant market potential for photovoltaics in village power applications in developing countries. Extrapolation of the number of unelectrified villages results in an estimated potential of as much as 20,000 MWp, a potential similar in magnitude to previous UN and World Bank estimates. Recommendations for market stimulation are presented. (WHK)

  17. Nuclear threats from small states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahan, J.H.

    1994-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    What are the policy implications regarding proliferation and counter proliferation of nuclear weapons among Third World states. How does deterrence operate outside the parameters of superpower confrontation as defined by the cold war elaborate system of constraints enforced by concepts like mutual assured destruction, and counter-value and counter-force targeting. How can US policymakers devise contingencies for dealing with nuclear threats posed by countries like North Korea, Libya, Iraq, Iran, and Syria. These are some of the unsettling but nevertheless important questions addressed by the author in this monograph. In his analysis, Mr. Jerome Kahan examines the likelihood that one or more of these countries will use nuclear weapons before the year 2000. He also offers a framework that policymakers and planners might use in assessing US interests in preempting the use of nuclear weapons or in retaliating for their use. Ironically, with the end of the cold war, it is imperative that defense strategists, policymakers, and military professionals think about the `unthinkable`. In the interest of fostering debate on this important subject, the Strategic Studies Institute commends this insightful monograph.

  18. United States

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrinceton Plasma Physics Lab Unique PPPL-ledStates Department of

  19. Energy and growth, a comparison of 13 industrial and developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leach, G.; Jarass, L.; Obermair, G.M.; Hoffmann, L.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The traditional approach to national energy issues and planning has been strongly supply oriented-planning has focused on aggregate quantities like fuel production, imports and exports, and how to meet growing demand by adding to supplies. The most serious flaw in this approach is that it dehumanizes energy planning by ignoring the major determinants and opportunities for change which lie at the level of individual people and their needs. This book demonstrates that sound energy planning must be rooted in a detailed understanding of energy demand and the social and economic activities which not only consume energy but also make up the pattern of life in a country. Its approach combines analysis of energy use with coverage of a wide sample of countries. The countries studied are UK, France, West Germany, USA, Japan, Philippines, Brazil, Portugal, Chile, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Kenya.

  20. Paintball Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Libya Niger Peru Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine UAE United

  1. Emerging trends in informal sector recycling in developing and transition countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ezeah, Chukwunonye, E-mail: C.Ezeah2@wlv.ac.uk; Fazakerley, Jak A.; Roberts, Clive L.

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • Reviewed emerging trends in Informal Sector Recycling (ISR) in developing countries. • In some countries we found that ISR is the key factor in the recycling of waste materials. • Overall impact of ISR upon the urban economy and environment is positive. • In some instances ISR subsidises large areas of the formal sector. • Ignoring the informal sector could result in unsustainable interventions. - Abstract: Optimistic estimates suggest that only 30–70% of waste generated in cities of developing countries is collected for disposal. As a result, uncollected waste is often disposed of into open dumps, along the streets or into water bodies. Quite often, this practice induces environmental degradation and public health risks. Notwithstanding, such practices also make waste materials readily available for itinerant waste pickers. These ‘scavengers’ as they are called, therefore perceive waste as a resource, for income generation. Literature suggests that Informal Sector Recycling (ISR) activity can bring other benefits such as, economic growth, litter control and resources conservation. This paper critically reviews trends in ISR activities in selected developing and transition countries. ISR often survives in very hostile social and physical environments largely because of negative Government and public attitude. Rather than being stigmatised, the sector should be recognised as an important element for achievement of sustainable waste management in developing countries. One solution to this problem could be the integration of ISR into the formal waste management system. To achieve ISR integration, this paper highlights six crucial aspects from literature: social acceptance, political will, mobilisation of cooperatives, partnerships with private enterprises, management and technical skills, as well as legal protection measures. It is important to note that not every country will have the wherewithal to achieve social inclusion and so the level of integration must be ‘flexible’. In addition, the structure of the ISR should not be based on a ‘universal’ model but should instead take into account local contexts and conditions.

  2. Influence of U.S. immigration laws on Chinese immigration, United States, 1980 to 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Hua

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Visas: China and All Countries, 1984-2002 ....................................................... 59 4 Correlation between Economic Variables and PIR.................................. 66 5 Correlation between... to travel to China and reenter the United States, but its provisions were otherwise more restrictive than preceding immigration laws. This Act 19 required Chinese to register and secure a certificate as proof of their right to be in the United States...

  3. TOP INCOMES IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA OVER THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    TOP INCOMES IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA OVER THE TWENTIETH CENTURY Emmanuel Saez University of California, Berkeley Abstract This paper presents top income shares series for the United States and Canada over the 20th century. In both countries, top income shares display a U-shaped pattern over the century

  4. DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNeil, MIchael; Letschert, Virginie; Shen, Bo; Sathaye, Jayant; de la Ru du Can, Stephane

    2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The global economy has grown rapidly over the past decade with a commensurate growth in the demand for electricity services that has increased a country's vulnerability to energy supply disruptions. Increasing need of reliable and affordable electricity supply is a challenge which is before every Asia Pacific Partnership (APP) country. Collaboration between APP members has been extremely fruitful in identifying potential efficiency upgrades and implementing clean technology in the supply side of the power sector as well established the beginnings of collaboration. However, significantly more effort needs to be focused on demand side potential in each country. Demand side management or DSM in this case is a policy measure that promotes energy efficiency as an alternative to increasing electricity supply. It uses financial or other incentives to slow demand growth on condition that the incremental cost needed is less than the cost of increasing supply. Such DSM measures provide an alternative to building power supply capacity The type of financial incentives comprise of rebates (subsidies), tax exemptions, reduced interest loans, etc. Other approaches include the utilization of a cap and trade scheme to foster energy efficiency projects by creating a market where savings are valued. Under this scheme, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with the production of electricity are capped and electricity retailers are required to meet the target partially or entirely through energy efficiency activities. Implementation of DSM projects is very much in the early stages in several of the APP countries or localized to a regional part of the country. The purpose of this project is to review the different types of DSM programs experienced by APP countries and to estimate the overall future potential for cost-effective demand-side efficiency improvements in buildings sectors in the 7 APP countries through the year 2030. Overall, the savings potential is estimated to be 1.7 thousand TWh or 21percent of the 2030 projected base case electricity demand. Electricity savings potential ranges from a high of 38percent in India to a low of 9percent in Korea for the two sectors. Lighting, fans, and TV sets and lighting and refrigeration are the largest contributors to residential and commercial electricity savings respectively. This work presents a first estimates of the savings potential of DSM programs in APP countries. While the resulting estimates are based on detailed end-use data, it is worth keeping in mind that more work is needed to overcome limitation in data at this time of the project.

  5. Valrie Gelzeau European Journal of East Asian Studies, 9-1, 2010, pp. 1-24 Beyond the "Long Partition" from divisive geographies of Korea to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -man's land ribbon winding along and around the 38th parallel, still one of the closest on the planet paradigm has been expressed in South Korea by the focus on various embodiments of the developmental State peninsula and its regions), national (two Korean States), or ethnic (the transnational, the diaspora

  6. State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Energy Rebates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.; Doris, E.

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report functions as a primer for renewable energy rebate programs. It highlights the impacts of specific renewable energy rebate programs on renewable energy markets around the country, as well as rebate program impacts on overarching energy policy drivers. It also discusses lessons learned, challenges, ideal applications, keys to success, and complementary and alternative policies. Results indicate that rebate programs can have a strong deployment impact on emerging renewable energy markets. This report focuses on renewable energy rebate programs, which are being analyzed as part of the State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) project. SCEPA is being used to quantify the impacts of existing state policies, and to identify crucial policy attributes and their potential applicability to other states.

  7. Country Profile -Germany What are my chances of getting a job?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    1 Country Profile - Germany Job market What are my chances of getting a job? New graduates from the UK rarely secure work at a professional level in Germany, except teaching English as a foreign. How to improve your chances: you are more likely to secure graduate-level work in Germany if you first

  8. MIGRATORY POLICY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: HOW TO BRING BEST PEOPLE BACK?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 MIGRATORY POLICY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: HOW TO BRING BEST PEOPLE BACK? Damien Besancenot1 of the game, the more bad workers migrate, the higher the incentive for good workers to come back. Policy, many policymakers are upset about the "brain-drain" phenomenon, where skilled workers are attracted

  9. Comparison of low-level waste disposal programs of DOE and selected international countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meagher, B.G. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Cole, L.T. [Cole and Associates (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to examine and compare the approaches and practices of selected countries for disposal of low-level radioactive waste (LLW) with those of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The report addresses the programs for disposing of wastes into engineered LLW disposal facilities and is not intended to address in-situ options and practices associated with environmental restoration activities or the management of mill tailings and mixed LLW. The countries chosen for comparison are France, Sweden, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The countries were selected as typical examples of the LLW programs which have evolved under differing technical constraints, regulatory requirements, and political/social systems. France was the first country to demonstrate use of engineered structure-type disposal facilities. The UK has been actively disposing of LLW since 1959. Sweden has been disposing of LLW since 1983 in an intermediate-depth disposal facility rather than a near-surface disposal facility. To date, Canada has been storing its LLW but will soon begin operation of Canada`s first demonstration LLW disposal facility.

  10. Time-varying Predictability in Crude Oil Markets: The Case of GCC Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    a nonlinear model to investigate the relationship between oil-price shock and economic growth in Japan the dynamic behavior of crude-oil prices for the period 1997-2008. Using data from four countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council, we find evidence of short-term pre- dictability in oil-price changes over time, except

  11. Country Profile -Spain What are my chances of getting a job?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    1 Country Profile - Spain Job market What are my chances of getting a job? Finding graduate work in Spain is currently very difficult as unemployment is extremely high. In March 2012 the BBC reported that Spain has the highest unemployment rate in the European Union (EU), with almost one in four people

  12. Assessing the Role of Energy in Development and Climate Policies in Large Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessing the Role of Energy in Development and Climate Policies in Large Developing Countries Amit conceptual issues related to the role of energy in development and its potential synergies and tradeoffs with climate change. The relationship between economic development and energy over time is discussed

  13. Business Model Innovation for Sanitation and Water Services in Low-income Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Business Model Innovation for Sanitation and Water Services in Low-income Countries PEAK Advanced- trepreneurs as well as private firms agree that the business model determines whether scaling up of water and sanitation services is successful or not. Business models can unlock the value potential of water

  14. The Caledonide Orogen in the Nordic countries is exposed in Norway, western Sweden, westernmost Fin-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossen, Haakon

    The Caledonide Orogen in the Nordic countries is exposed in Norway, western Sweden, westernmost Fin-age basement. In northernmost Norway, the NE-trending Caledonian thrust front trun- cates the NW and north- eastern Greenland; it continues northwards from northern Norway, across the Barents Shelf

  15. Emergence and evolution of learning gaps across countries: Linked panel evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Emergence and evolution of learning gaps across countries: Linked panel evidence from Ethiopia unique child-level panel data from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam with identical tests administered, prior to school enrolment, with children in Vietnam at the upper end, children in Ethiopia at the lower

  16. UNICEF Canada UNICEF Report Card 11: Child Well-Being in Rich Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolowski, Marla

    UNICEF Canada UNICEF Report Card 11: Child Well-Being in Rich Countries KEY POINTS Canadian children are not doing as well as they could be. When factoring in the size of Canada's economy UNICEF ten years ago. Particularly concerning is that Canada's ranking drops 7 places when children's views

  17. Self Organising Wireless Sensor Networks as a Land Management Tool in Developing Countries: A Preliminary Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    Self Organising Wireless Sensor Networks as a Land Management Tool in Developing Countries wireless sensor networks do to help? This overview discusses the environmental and technological challenges management. Self organising wireless sensor networks, if implemented adequately, have the potential to target

  18. Colombia is considered among the countries with the highest levels of amphibian species richness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad

    Colombia is considered among the countries with the highest levels of amphibian species richness Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(3): 1633-1636. Copyright: © José F, Colombia José F. González-Maya1 , Mauricio González2 , Diego Zárrate-Charry3 , Fidela Charry4 , Amancay A

  19. Urban solid waste in southern countries: from a blurred object to common pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Urban solid waste in southern countries: from a blurred object to common pool resources Jérémie long that the question of the municipal solid waste management in developing cities has had elephants' have followed. Comprehending the solid waste handling in the South implies reconsidering

  20. The Impact of the Mobile Web in Developing Countries Betty Purwandari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    , the methodology is needed by various mobile Web stakeholders to enable the advancement of mobile Web technology1 The Impact of the Mobile Web in Developing Countries Betty Purwandari School of Electronics of Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK +44 2380 592388 dder@ecs.soton.ac.uk ABSTRACT Mobile phone penetration

  1. The application of a hybrid energy-economy model to a key developing country China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The application of a hybrid energy-economy model to a key developing country ­ China JianJun Tu, a hybrid (bottom-up/top-down) energy- economy model, to test how different policy packages could, Vancouver, V5A 1S6, Canada E-mail (Jaccard): Jaccard@sfu.ca Energy security, local air pollution and GHG

  2. Country Review of Energy-Efficiency Financial Incentives in the Residential Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du; Shah, Nihar; Phadke, Amol

    2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A large variety of energy-efficiency policy measures exist. Some are mandatory, some are informative, and some use financial incentives to promote diffusion of efficient equipment. From country to country, financial incentives vary considerably in scope and form, the type of framework used to implement them, and the actors that administer them. They range from rebate programs administered by utilities under an Energy-Efficiency Resource Standards (EERS) regulatory framework (California, USA) to the distribution of Eco-points rewarding customers for buying highly efficient appliances (Japan). All have the primary objective of transforming the current market to accelerate the diffusion of efficient technologies by addressing up-front cost barriers faced by consumers; in most instances, efficient technologies require a greater initial investment than conventional technologies. In this paper, we review the different market transformation measures involving the use of financial incentives in the countries belonging to the Major Economies Forum. We characterize the main types of measures, discuss their mechanisms, and provide information on program impacts to the extent that ex-ante or ex-post evaluations have been conducted. Finally, we identify best practices in financial incentive programs and opportunities for coordination between Major Economies Forum countries as envisioned under the Super Efficient Appliance Deployment (SEAD) initiative.

  3. Diffusion-driven extreme lithium isotopic fractionation in country rocks of the Tin Mountain pegmatite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mcdonough, William F.

    Diffusion-driven extreme lithium isotopic fractionation in country rocks of the Tin Mountain rocks (amphibolites and schists) of the Tin Mountain pegmatite show systematic changes with distance; fluid infiltration; Tin Mountain pegmatite 1. Introduction Lithium is a fluid-mobile, moderately

  4. GIS solutions for ecosystem management in developing countries: A case study of Sao Tome and Principe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnes, L.; Barrasso, T. [Booz, Allen & Hamilton Inc., McLean, VA (United States); Pinto da Costa, H. [ECO Sao Tome e Principe (Sao Tome and Principe)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this paper is to promote awareness of the application of the Geographic information system (GIS) technology to the management of ecosystems in developing countries. The adoptation of systematic environmental research and management techniques by national and local conservation programs helps ensure the sustainability of important biological resources.

  5. Energy Policy 36 (2008) 15381544 Promoting biofuels: Implications for developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Policy 36 (2008) 1538­1544 Promoting biofuels: Implications for developing countries Jo¨ rg 2008 Abstract Interest in biofuels is growing worldwide as concerns about the security of energy supply, however, production costs of biofuels are typically much higher than those of fossil fuels. As a result

  6. Modeling the Logistics Performance in Developing Countries: An exploratory study of Moroccan context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Modeling the Logistics Performance in Developing Countries: An exploratory study of Moroccan to raise their levels of logistics performance. This article is a research progress; it presents, Technological Practices, Supply Chain performance, Morocco. 1. INTRODUCTION: Logistic in Morocco is still

  7. Fuel-related accidents occur across the country at the rate of more than one per

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Fuel-related accidents occur across the country at the rate of more than one per week. Fuel exhaustion, fuel starvation, or the failure to switch tanks at the correct time caused 120 accidents in 2002, these and other problems can be avoided with proper fueling procedures. RESPONSIBILITY STARTS WITH THE AIRPORT

  8. Ecosystems of MongoliaEcosystems of Mongolia The vast area of the country contains a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Ecosystems of MongoliaEcosystems of Mongolia The vast area of the country contains a great array Desert steppe Desert ecosystems MainMain ecosystems of Mongolia High mountain ecosystemsHigh mountain ecosystems High mountain occupies 4.48% of the total territory of Mongolia. Mountain forest ecosystems

  9. Diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis in countries with high tuberculosis burdens: individual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ted

    Diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis in countries with high tuberculosis burdens: individual risks of type 2 diabetes as an individual-level risk factor for tuberculosis (TB), though evi- dence from the poor, in whom diabetes may be less common. We assessed the relationship between individual-level risk

  10. THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS Sahar Shafiei, Ruhul A. Salim and Helen Cabalu School of Economics & Finance, Curtin Business the impacts of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on economic activities to find out whether

  11. Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes: An Analysis of European Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes: An Analysis of European Countries Bradford Millsa * and Joachim Schleicha,b,c a Virginia Polytechnic Institute of measures of household energy use behavior are estimated using a unique dataset of approximately 5

  12. Characterizing demand for domestic versus imported chicken in developing countries: the case of Haiti and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of Haiti and Cameroon Cathie LAROCHE DUPRAZ, Carole ROPARS COLLET Working Paper SMART ­ LERECO N°10: the case of Haiti and Cameroon Cathie LAROCHE DUPRAZ Agrocampus Ouest, UMR1302 SMART, F-35000 Rennes versus imported chicken in developing countries: the case of Haiti and Cameroon Abstract Since

  13. Isenberg and Potvin 1 Financing REDD in Developing Countries: A Supply and Demand Analysis.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potvin, Catherine

    an active participant in several regional negotiations in Latin2 America.3 4 Introduction5 Land use change constituent of15 total global CO2 emissions. In Latin America, for example, tropical deforestation is the16 at the centre of negotiations on a renewed international2 climate regime. Developing countries made it clear

  14. Safety of nuclear power reactors in the former Eastern European countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakraborty, S. [Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate, Villigen (Switzerland)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses the safety of nuclear power plants in the former Eastern European countries (including the former Soviet Union). The current international design fabrication, construction, operation, safely, regulatory standards and practices, and ways to resolve plant problems are addressed in light of experience with the Western nuclear power development programs. 9 refs., 4 figs.

  15. Increasing State Capacity Through Clans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Moldova, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan”. World Bank Report. kazakhstan/>. EIU (EconomistAsian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,

  16. GRADUATE STUDY LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITYLOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    . LSU has a reputation for turning out engineers who are innovative yet practical. The department has reservoir management and petrophysics to drilling and petroleum economics. The department is home. Its College of Engineering is considered one of the best in the country. LSU's more than 34

  17. United States/Mexico electricity exchanges. [History, incentives, and constraints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None,

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of the agreement between the respective presidents, a joint study was undertaken to analyze the possibilities of increasing the international electricity exchange between the two countries. Responsibility for this undertaking was assigned to the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and to the Direccion de Energia de Mexico (DEM) through the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE). Representatives from Mexico and the US were chosen from the regional utilities along the border between the two countries and made up working groups that particiated in the study. With the support of both governments, and a high degree of cooperation between the two countries, work on the study was completed within fourteen months The completion of the study has been a major step in broadening the base of bilateral energy relations. the study highlights the opportunities for increased electricity exchanges, which could increase cooperation along the common border. Expansion of electricity interchange could offer substantial economic benefit to both countries, both directly and indirectly. Direct benefits include increased reliability of electric power and cost savings through economies of scale and diversity of peak demand patterns. Indirect benefits include improved economic and employment opportunities, especially in the border areas of both countries. This report provides background on the history of past exchanges and the characteristics of the US and Mexico electric systems, a summary of opportunities and incentives, and suggestions for procedures to remove obstacles and constraints.

  18. The limits of liberalism? : long-run petroleum prices and government intervention in petroleum markets in Japan, France, and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Llewelyn (Llewelyn P.)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study considers cross-national and inter-temporal variation in national oil policies in Japan, France, and the United States. A test was performed of the extent to which policies in these countries continue to emphasize ...

  19. Enabling Efficient, Responsive, and Resilient Buildings: Collaboration Between the United States and India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basu, Chandrayee; Ghatikar, Girish

    2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States and India have among the largest economies in the world, and they continue to work together to address current and future challenges in reliable electricity supply. The acceleration to efficient, grid-responsive, resilient buildings represents a key energy security objective for federal and state agencies in both countries. The weaknesses in the Indian grid system were manifest in 2012, in the country’s worst blackout, which jeopardized the lives of half of India’s 1.2 billion people. While both countries are investing significantly in power sector reform, India, by virtue of its colossal growth rate in commercial energy intensity and commercial floor space, is better placed than the United States to integrate and test state-of-art Smart Grid technologies in its future grid-responsive commercial buildings. This paper presents a roadmap of technical collaboration between the research organizations, and public-private stakeholders in both countries to accelerate the building-to-grid integration through pilot studies in India.

  20. PKI Implementation Issues: A Comparative Study of Pakistan with some Asian Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Nasir Mahmood; Khalid, Samina; Malik, Faisal Munir

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper includes Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), its need and requirements and introduction of some renowned PKI products. However, the major thrust of this work is that how PKI can enhance security of various systems. The paper is intended to serve as a guide on how to adequately prepare for some of the challenges that may be encountered especially in developing countries like Pakistan. The detail of PKI implementation issues is also included in the paper along with future challenges regarding implementation of PKI. Furthermore, paper includes technical issues hindering the implementation of PKI through comparison of PKI issues in Pakistan and some of Asian countries mainly Taiwan, Japan and Singapore. The paper also highlights the PKI issues and learnt lessons regarding PKI implementation and can act as a comprehensive guide for successful future PKI deployments.

  1. An energy atlas of five Central American countries. Un atlas energetico de cinco paises Centroamericanos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Newman, C.K.; Gurule, F.; Aragon, P.C.; Peck, C.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a series of maps and figures, this atlas summarizes what is known about the energy resources and how these resources and oil imports supply the energy needs of five Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Panama. The main exploited energy resources are firewood, hydroelectric energy, bagasse from sugar cane residues, and geothermal energy. Limited oil exploration in the region has uncovered modest oil resources only in Guatemala. Peat and small coal deposits are also known to exist but are not presently being exploited. After the description of energy resources, this atlas describes energy supply and demand patterns in each country. It concludes with a description of socioeconomic data that strongly affect energy demand. 4 refs.

  2. Improving energy efficiency: Strategies for supporting sustained market evolution in developing and transitioning countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a framework for considering market-oriented strategies for improving energy efficiency that recognize the conditions of developing and transitioning countries, and the need to strengthen the effectiveness of market forces in delivering greater energy efficiency. It discusses policies that build markets in general, such as economic and energy pricing reforms that encourage competition and increase incentives for market actors to improve the efficiency of their energy use, and measures that reduce the barriers to energy efficiency in specific markets such that improvement evolves in a dynamic, lasting manner. The report emphasizes how different policies and measures support one another and can create a synergy in which the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. In addressing this topic, it draws on the experience with market transformation energy efficiency programs in the US and other industrialized countries.

  3. Application of smokeless briquettes in developing countries: the cases of Haiti and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabadell, A.; Shelton, R.B.; Stevenson, G.G.; Willson, T.G.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional energy sources are a significant fraction of energy demand in developing countries. These sources have become increasingly scarce because of clearing of land for agriculture, charcoal production, and excessive timber harvesting. One option for mitigating one aspect of this multidimensional problem is the use of smokeless coal briquettes. Resource and market conditions are excellent in some developing countries for the substitution of smokeless briquettes for fuelwood (which includes firewood and charcoal). US Agency for International Development (USAID) has developed a five-step procedure for determining the potential substitution of smokeless briquettes for fuelwood: resource evaluation, market assessment, technological assessment, government policy and institutional assessment (including environmental and health assessments), and business and market assessment. Through recent assessment activities in Haiti, we have gained knowledge and understanding of the market mechanisms for fuelwood substitution which we intend to apply in Pakistan. 10 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  4. The Challenge of Limiting Greenhouse Gas Emissions Through Activities implemented Jointly in Developing Countries: A Brazilian Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    La Rovere, E.L.

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses, from the Brazilian perspective, the main problems with Joint Implementation/Activities Implemented Jointly (JI/AIJ) between industrialized (Annex I) and developing (non-Annex I) countries, as defined by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Four possible GHG emissions abatement measures are presented for Brazil: forest protection, reforestation projects for carbon sequestration or charcoal manufacturing, use of ethanol produced from sugar cane as a car fuel, and electrical energy conservation through an increase in end-use efficiencies. These four case studies form the basis of a discussion regarding the validity of developing countries' concerns about JI/AIJ. Recommendations are offered for overcoming the present shortcomings of JI/AIJ in developing countries. The primary conclusion is that Annex I countries' funding of JI/AIJ projects in developing countries in return for GHG emissions credits is not the best means to implement the UNFCCC. However, JI/AIJ projects can be a productive means of preventing global climate change if combined with other measures, including GHG emissions reduction targets for all countries involved in JI/AIJ projects and limits on the percentage of industrialized countries' emissions reductions that can be met through projects in developing countries.

  5. Abstract-Most fast developing countries have set targets to achieve a developed status in the near future.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    is comparing developed countries with those of Latin America or Africa. The two latter do not yet satisfy the case of Chile. Index Terms--energy policy, low carbon economy, renewable energy, electricity regulation to increase the use of renewable energies to 20% of total production by 2020. Most fast developing countries

  6. A Clean Energy Standard: Good for Consumers, Good for the Country

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Earlier this week, the Congressional Budget Office issued a new report that highlights the important role a clean energy standard could have in creating the clean energy jobs of the future at minimal cost to consumers.? ?The report evaluates several proposed clean and renewable energy standards, running them through a variety of models to determine the impact they could have on electricity prices in five regions of the country.

  7. Fuel cycle centers revisited: Consolidation of fuel cycle activities in a few countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kratzer, M.B. [Kratzer (Myron B.), Annapolis, MD (United States)

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite varied expressions, the general impression remains that the international fuel cycle center concept, whatever its merits, is visionary. It also is quite possibly unattainable in light of strong national pressures toward independence and self-sufficiency in all things nuclear. Is the fuel cycle center an idea that has come and gone? Is it an idea whose time has not yet come? Or is it, as this paper suggests, an idea that has already arrived on the scene, attracting little attention or even acknowledgement of its presence? The difficult in answering this questions arises, in part, from the fact that despite its long and obvious appeal, there has been very little systematic analysis of the concept itself. Such obvious questions as how many and where fuel cycle centers should be located; what characteristics should the hot country or countries possess; and what are the institutional forms or features that endow the concept with enhanced proliferation protection have rarely been seriously and systematically addressed. The title of this paper focuses on limiting the geographic spread of fuel cycle facilities, and some may suggest that doing so does not necessarily call for any type of international or multinational arrangements applicable to those that exist. It is a premise of this paper, however, that a restriction on the number of countries possessing sensitive fuel cycle facilities necessarily involves some degree of multinationalization. This is not only because in every instance a nonproliferation pledge and international or multinational safeguards, or both, will be applied to the facility, but also because a restriction on the number of countries possessing these facilities implies that those in existence will serve a multinational market. This feature in itself is an important form of international auspices. Thus, the two concepts--limitation and multinationalization--if not necessarily one and the same, are at least de facto corollaries.

  8. Economic applicability of atomic energy as a source of power in underdeveloped countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Sheik Basheer

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Return on Investment 55 12. Cost of Power, Comparing:Juclear and Oil Plants, at Bodega Bay. . 59 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Figure Page 1, Relationship Between Per Capita Energy Consumption and Per Capita Income of Underdeveloped Countries for the Year... of atomic power would be where areas lack convent, ional energy resources but have highly developed power systems based on imports of foreign fuel. The installation of nuclear plants would considerably save the outlay of foreign exchange for the import...

  9. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Other Countries (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpectedOther Countries (MMcf)"

  10. Report to Congress: Expressions of interest in commercial clean coal technology projects in foreign countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report was prepared in response to the guidance provided by the Congress in the course of the Fiscal Year 1995 appropriations process for the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). As described in detail below, DOE was directed to make the international dissemination of Clean Coal Technologies (CCTs) an integral part of its policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. Congress directed DOE to solicit ``Statements of Interest`` in commercial projects employing CCTs in countries projected to have significant growth in greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, DOE was asked to submit to the Congress a report that analyzes the information contained in the Statements of Interest, and that identifies the extent to which various types of Federal incentives would accelerate the commercial availability of these technologies in an international context. In response to DOE`s solicitation of 18 November 1994, 77 Statements of Interest were received from 33 companies, as well as five additional materials. The contents of these submittals, including the requested Federal incentives, the CCTs proposed, the possible host countries, and the environmental aspects of the Statements of Interest, are described and analyzed in the chapters that follow.

  11. Projected refined product balances in key Latin American countries: A preliminary examination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the years, the East-West Center (EWC) has developed considerable expertise in refinery modeling, especially in the area of forecasting product balances for countries, given planned capacity changes, changes in product demand, changes in crude slates, and changes in product specifications. This expertise has been applied on an ongoing basis to the major refiners in the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region, along with the US West Coast as region in its own right. Refinery modeling in these three areas has been ongoing for nearly 15 years at the Center, and the tools and information sources are now well developed. To date, the EWC has not applied these tools to Latin America. Although research on Latin America has been an ongoing area of concern at the Center in recent years, the information gathered to date is still not of the level of detail nor quality available for other areas. The modeling efforts undertaken in this report are of a ``baseline`` nature, designed to outline the major issues, attempt a first cut at emerging product balances, and, above all, to elicit commentary from those directly involved in the oil industry in the key countries modeled. Our experience in other regions has shown that it takes a few years dialogue with refiners and government planner in individual countries to develop a reliable database, as well as the insights into operational constraints and practices that make accurate modeling possible. This report is no more than a first step down the road.

  12. The triumph of pragmatism: Nigeria's role in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dimah, A.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Formed in 1960, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) became a key participant in the international oil industry after the so-called oil shock in the early 1970s. OPEC's power in world trade increased tremendously during the 1970s and, as oil prices skyrocketed, literature on OPEC proliferated. Although OPEC's demise has often been predicted since its creation; it has, however, endured. Thus study examines OPEC from distinct vantage points: those of regime theory, oligopoly models, and cartel theory. The aim is to gain insight into the activities of the organization as a whole and in terms of the behavior of one of its members, the Government of Nigeria. The objective is to ascertain which of these theories, or aspects of the theories, best describes OPEC's activities and Nigeria's actions as a member. The review of OPEC and Nigeria's role in its demonstrates that OPEC is difficult to classify. It is more than anything, a fluid coalition of Third World countries seeking to improve their national economies by ensuring better prices for crude oil, their chief export product; and helping other Third World countries focus global awareness on the chronic political and economic inequities in the international system. Therefore, OPEC and Nigeria's role is best explained by coalition theory.

  13. Re-Placing Faith: Reconsidering the Secular-Religious Use Divide in the United States and Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aoki, Paul M.

    Re-Placing Faith: Reconsidering the Secular-Religious Use Divide in the United States and Kenya in urban centers in the United States and Kenya. The contributions of this work for the CHI/CSCW community countries, including key "emerging markets" such as Brazil, Nigeria and Kenya, the recent growth

  14. The industrial Center at Mississippi State University

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    b.K. Hodge; Mary C. Emplaincourt

    2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mississippi State University Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) is one of 26 centers supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at universities across the country. The Mississippi State University IAC in existence since 1994 provides plant assessments at no cost to eligible small and mid-sized manufacturers categorized in Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Codes 20-39. Client eligibility is based on gross sales below $100 million, fewer than 500 employees at the plant, annual utility bills more than $100,000 and less than $2 million, and no in-house professional staff to perform an assessment. IAC assessment benefits include no cost to the clients, increased profitability and competitiveness, confidentiality, non-regulatory, nonobligatory, and student involvement.

  15. State of the State's Rural Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    of health status, health behavior, or health- care access and Oklahomans do not compare favorablyState of the State's Rural Health 2007 Edition Produced by OSU Center for Rural Health ASnapshotof-4391 January 1, 2007 Dear Reader: Welcome to the Oklahoma State University Center for Rural Health's inaugural

  16. Survey of waste package designs for disposal of high-level waste/spent fuel in selected foreign countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, K.J.; Lakey, L.T.; Silviera, D.J.

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a survey of the waste package strategies for seven western countries with active nuclear power programs that are pursuing disposal of spent nuclear fuel or high-level wastes in deep geologic rock formations. Information, current as of January 1989, is given on the leading waste package concepts for Belgium, Canada, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. All but two of the countries surveyed (France and the UK) have developed design concepts for their repositories, but none of the countries has developed its final waste repository or package concept. Waste package concepts are under study in all the countries surveyed, except the UK. Most of the countries have not yet developed a reference concept and are considering several concepts. Most of the information presented in this report is for the current reference or leading concepts. All canisters for the wastes are cylindrical, and are made of metal (stainless steel, mild steel, titanium, or copper). The canister concepts have relatively thin walls, except those for spent fuel in Sweden and Germany. Diagrams are presented for the reference or leading concepts for canisters for the countries surveyed. The expected lifetimes of the conceptual canisters in their respective disposal environment are typically 500 to 1,000 years, with Sweden's copper canister expected to last as long as one million years. Overpack containers that would contain the canisters are being considered in some of the countries. All of the countries surveyed, except one (Germany) are currently planning to utilize a buffer material (typically bentonite) surrounding the disposal package in the repository. Most of the countries surveyed plan to limit the maximum temperature in the buffer material to about 100{degree}C. 52 refs., 9 figs.

  17. Environmental assessment for the purchase of Russian low enriched uranium derived from the dismantlement of nuclear weapons in the countries of the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States is proposing to purchase from the Russian Federation low enriched uranium (LEU) derived from highly enriched uranium (HEU) resulting from the dismantlement of nuclear weapons in the countries of the former Soviet Union. The purchase would be accomplished through a proposed contract requiring the United States to purchase 15,250 metric tons (tonnes) of LEU (or 22,550 tonnes of UF{sub 6}) derived from blending 500 metric tones uranium (MTU) of HEU from nuclear warheads. The LEU would be in the form of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) and would be converted from HEU in Russia. The United States Enrichment Corporation (USEC) is the entity proposing to undertake the contract for purchase, sale, and delivery of the LEU from the Russian Federation. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is negotiating the procedure for gaining confidence that the LEU is derived from HEU that is derived from dismantled nuclear weapons (referred to as ``transparency),`` and would administer the transparency measures for the contract. There are six environments that could potentially be affected by the proposed action; marine (ocean); US ports of entry; truck or rail transportation corridors; the Portsmouth GDP; the electric power industry; and the nuclear fuel cycle industry. These environmental impacts are discussed.

  18. A cost-benefit analysis of rural-urban migration decisions in less developed countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aste-Salazar, Juan Gerardo

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A COST-Bier'vlT ANAL&&! q O, ' RUR&M -URBAN M1 G -'-', ". ' !ON DECISIONS IN LESS DEUDLOl'ED COUNTRIES A. Thesis By JUAN GERARDO ASTL'-SALAZAR Submitted to the Graduate College of Tezas A&N University in partial fulfillment of the requirement...] suggests a method to obtain information on rural-urban dr:ift which xcay b. . used in government planning. TJ;ia thcois follows the format of Tha Azericen J:conom'~o B 0, '& . '. s;. '. migration has been examined by economists in the past, g and it has...

  19. Diversity within Unity: Import Laws of Islamic Countries on Haram (Forbidden) Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj; Keating, Shannon

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Diversity within Unity How do Muslim countries treat importation of goods that Islamic Law (Shar?¯’a) consid- ers .Haram (forbidden), namely, alcoholic beverages and pork products? Why do they do VOL. 47, NO. 3 \\\\jciprod01\\productn\\I\\INL\\47-3\\INL302.txt... and preserve lucrative tax revenues on beer sales. This logic does not apply to the Kingdom. From a strict Islamic perspective, with re- spect to alcohol, pork, and pork products, this resolution is not satisfying. A tariff, even one set at a very high rate...

  20. Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuanInformationLoremoJobs inUnitWorldCountries

  1. North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .cleantransportation.org 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy Clean Transportation | Campus Box 7409 of Transportation. The NC Division of Air Quality and State Energy Office contributed an additional $200,000 each five (5) countries ­ Korea, Turkey, Russia, Poland and Ita- ly. Together, these countries account

  2. North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .nccleantech.ncsu.edu 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy Clean Transportation | www. The NC Division of Air Quality and State Energy Office contributed an additional $200,000 each. Local sub five (5) countries ­ Korea, Turkey, Russia, Poland and Ita- ly. Together, these countries account

  3. States & Emerging Energy Technologies

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    States & Emerging Energy Technologies August 15, 2013 DOE's State and Local Technical Assistance Program 2 DOE's Technical Assistance Program * Strategic Energy Planning * Program...

  4. Country Review of Energy-Efficiency Financial Incentives in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Electricity Energy Efficiency Programs. ” Resource forWho Should Administer Energy-Efficiency Programs? Berkeleyresources/state-energy-efficiency-policy-briefs. Caracino

  5. Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in the steel sector in key developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn; Phylipsen, Dian; Worrell, Ernst

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Town, South Africa: Energy Research Institute, University ofCape Town: ERI. Energy Research Institute (China), 1999.INEDIS Database. Beijing: Energy Research Institute, State

  6. FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fishery products, free zings and cold storage holdings, and for- eign trade in fishery commodities and caught in international waters ... 0 U, S. landings for human food and industrial use Relative volume., by countries Processed fisher y produc ts. Canned fishery products . . . . . · . Industrial fishery products

  7. FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of processed fishery product s, data on freez- ings and cold storage holdings, and on foreign trade in fishery fisheries. There is also information on the pack of canned tuna and industrial prod ucts for Puerto Rico, mollusks, etc . , by countries Processed fishery products . Canned fishery products Industrial fishery

  8. Qutrit Magic State Distillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anwar, Hussain; Browne, Dan E

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magic state distillation (MSD) is a purification protocol that plays a central role in fault tolerant quantum computation. Repeated iteration of the steps of a MSD protocol, generates pure single non-stabilizer states, or magic states, from multiple copies of a mixed resource state using stabilizer operations only. Thus mixed resource states promote the stabilizer operations to full universality. Magic state distillation was introduced for qubit-based quantum computation, but little has been known concerning MSD in higher dimensional qudit-based computation. Here, we describe a general approach for studying MSD in higher dimensions. We use it to investigate the features of a qutrit MSD protocol based on the 5-qutrit stabilizer code. We show that this protocol distills non-stabilizer magic states, and identify two types of states, that are attractors of this iteration map. Finally, we show how these states may be converted, via stabilizer circuits alone, into a state suitable for state injected implementation ...

  9. Industrialization under the WTO : the impact of asymmetric free trade agreements on middle-technology developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiCaprio, Alisa

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation addresses the issue of industrialization in the WTO regime, focusing on the role of asymmetric free trade agreements. It proposes a framework where free trade agreements offer payoffs that countries have ...

  10. A Two-Dimensional Approach to Evaluate the Scientific Production of Countries (Case Study: The Basic Sciences)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejati, Ammar; 10.1007/s11192-009-0103-1

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The quantity and quality of scientific output of the topmost 50 countries in the four basic sciences (agricultural and biological sciences, chemistry, mathematics, and physics and astronomy) are studied in the period of the recent 12 years (1996-2007). In order to rank the countries, a novel two-dimensional method is proposed, which is inspired by the H-index and other methods based on quality and quantity measures. The countries data are represented in a "quantity-quality diagram", and partitioned by a conventional statistical algorithm (k-means), into three clusters, members of which are rather the same in all of the basic sciences. The results offer a new perspective on the global positions of countries with regards to their scientific output.

  11. A comprehensive approach to the formulation of capital projects in developing countries : finance and implementation. Case study, Edendale, Kwazulu (housing)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Trevor Paul

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Thesis deals with capital project formulation in developing countries. The objective is to provide guidelines for the formulation of housing development projects, their implementation structures and financial plans ...

  12. 74 Home Power #23 June / July 1991 n my trips around the country testing photovoltaic systems and presenting seminars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    74 Home Power #23 · June / July 1991 n my trips around the country testing photovoltaic systems reliability, durability, safety, and cost. After the power leaves the utility distribution system, the NEC

  13. Improvement of kiln design and combustion/carbonization timing to produce charcoal from agricultural waste in Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Jason A. (Jason Alexander)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current economic conditions in third world countries like Haiti are so poor that the majority of the population has no access to energy sources that people in the first world take for granted. In Haiti the last two percent ...

  14. The Effects of Mandatory Country-of-Origin Labeling on Canadian/U.S. Live Hog and Feeder Pig Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thevenaz, Shad Arthur Michel

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The final implementation of Mandatory Country-of-Origin Labeling has caused some U.S. packing plants and finishing operations to discontinue using Canadian live hogs and feeder pigs in their operations thereby reducing trade. Using a system...

  15. A cross-national study of the pattern of modernization in the developing countries, 1965-75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kwok-on Frankie

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTRIES? 1965 AND 1973 (IN U. S. $) Countries 1965" GNP Rank 1 973+? GNP Rank Venezuela Argentina Greece Uraguay Chile Spain Libya Jamaica Panama Mexico Lebanon Costa Rica Portugal Peru Nicaragua Guatemala Malaysia Ghana Colombia... Portugal Greece Kenya (white pop. only) Lebanon Iran Jordan C olombia Jamaica Libya Brazil Malaysia Uraguay Paraguay Peru Mexico Syria Egypt Iraq Sri Lanka Costa Rica Panama Guatemala Ecuador South Korea Ghana Ethiopia Turkey India...

  16. Sandia Energy - Solid-State Lighting Technology: Current State...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Solid-State Lighting Technology: Current State of the Art and Grand Challenges Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC Overview Solid-State Lighting...

  17. ACES 2014 Poster Directory First Name Last Name Organization Country Email Conference Theme Abstract Title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    of Technology, Akure Nigeria Nigeria balogunbolutito@ yahoo.com Ecosystem Service Identification Production-WEST NIGERIA. Pamela Barclay ORISE Fellow EPA United States barclay.pamela@ epa.gov Ecosystem Services Abstract Title Jesse Caputo SUNY ESF United States jcaputo@esf.edu Using Ecosystem Services for Energy

  18. Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. U.S. Commercial Banks And The Developing-Country Debt Crisi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    permission. U.S. Commercial Banks And The Developing-Country Debt Crisi Sachs, Jeffrey; Huizinga, Harry

  19. Bosnia-Herzegovina: Trying to Build a Federal State on Paradoxes Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    1 Bosnia-Herzegovina: Trying to Build a Federal State on Paradoxes Jens Woelk Introduction The basis for federalism in Bosnia-Herzegovina1 is rather peculiar due to the unique complexity. This was to be accomplished by physical reconstruction as well as by preserving Bosnia and Herzegovina as one country

  20. Thirty states sign ITER nuclear fusion plant deal 1 hour, 28 minutes ago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thirty states sign ITER nuclear fusion plant deal 1 hour, 28 minutes ago Representatives of more than 30 countries signed a deal on Tuesday to build the world's most advanced nuclear fusion reactor nuclear reactors, but critics argue it could be at least 50 years before a commercially viable reactor

  1. Planning and Implementing a Solarize Initiative: A Guide for State Program Managers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solarize is a PV group purchasing program that aims to lower acquisition costs for rooftop solar installations. This Solarize guide features detailed case studies of two particularly well-developed and successful Solarize programs from New England— Solarize Connecticut and Solarize Mass —to help program managers in states across the country develop Solarize programs.

  2. Forms Of Address In The Popular Press: A Comparison of Spain, Mexico and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Callahan, Laura

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with each form of address. A comparison of forms of address in magazines and newspapers in Spain, Mexico, and the United States reveals certain correlations with speech patterns in those three countries, as well as with the products and services advertised....

  3. Are quantum states real?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucien Hardy

    2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we consider theories in which reality is described by some underlying variables. Each value these variables can take represents an ontic state (a particular state of reality). The preparation of a quantum state corresponds to a distribution over the ontic states. If we make three basic assumptions, we can show that the distributions over ontic states corresponding to distinct pure states are non-overlapping. This means that we can deduce the quantum state from a knowledge of the ontic state. Hence, if these assumptions are correct, we can claim that the quantum state is a real thing (it is written into the underlying variables that describe reality). The key assumption we use in this proof is ontic indifference - that quantum transformations that do not affect a given pure quantum state can be implemented in such a way that they do not affect the ontic states in the support of that state. In fact this assumption is violated in the Spekkens toy model (which captures many aspects of quantum theory and in which different pure states of the model have overlapping distributions over ontic states). This paper proves that ontic indifference must be violated in any model reproducing quantum theory in which the quantum state is not a real thing. The argument presented in this paper is different from that given in a recent paper by Pusey, Barrett, and Rudolph. It uses a different key assumption and it pertains to a single copy of the system in question.

  4. Optimal restoration of power supply in large distribution systems in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devi, V.S.; Sen Gupta, D.P. [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore (India). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Anandalingam, G. [Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Dept. of Systems Engineering

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A computer aided optimal method has been developed for the restoration of electric supply to areas isolated from the network following a fault in a distribution system. A search technique is used where the search is guided by appropriate heuristics. The optimum solution entails finding the strategy which involves the operation of minimum number of switch gear for rerouting the supply within the constraint of specified loading. This is an essential requirement in countries like India where the circuit breakers are almost always manually operated and a number of transformers and feeders operate close to their rated capacity. It pays therefore to adopt different strategies at peak load and off peak conditions since the number of breaker operations is so critical. The heuristic search that is developed is applied to a large distribution system and provides very good results.

  5. An overview of water disinfection in developing countries and the potential for solar thermal water pasteurization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burch, J.; Thomas, K.E.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study originated within the Solar Buildings Program at the U.S. Department of Energy. Its goal is to assess the potential for solar thermal water disinfection in developing countries. In order to assess solar thermal potential, the alternatives must be clearly understood and compared. The objectives of the study are to: (a) characterize the developing world disinfection needs and market; (b) identify competing technologies, both traditional and emerging; (c) analyze and characterize solar thermal pasteurization; (d) compare technologies on cost-effectiveness and appropriateness; and (e) identify research opportunities. Natural consequences of the study beyond these objectives include a broad knowledge of water disinfection problems and technologies, introduction of solar thermal pasteurization technologies to a broad audience, and general identification of disinfection opportunities for renewable technologies.

  6. Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aljerrah, M.A.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

  7. Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships with American Indian Tribes Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sponsored by the Association on American Indian Affairs, this one-day conference is for federal, state, and local government officials and business leaders who have a need to develop working relationships with tribes and organizations.

  8. DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, MIchael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for energy efficiency policy and programs in Australia (MCE,through energy efficiency activities. South Australia StateAustralia, have also used a cap and trade scheme to foster energy efficiency

  9. Gender Equity and Fertility in European Below-Replacement Fertility Countries: Poland and Estonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iwinska-Nowak, Anna Malgorzata

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    discrimination (Frejka 2008). This is associated primarily with a significant reduction of state welfare policies (Sobotka 2004). Additionally, in Poland the situation is being reinforced by the strong religious influences of the Catholic Church stressing...

  10. Economic impact of country-of-origin labeling in the U.S. beef industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanselka, Daniel David

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    States Department of Agriculture in the proposed rule in October of 2003. Financial and production data was collected and used from U.S. retail chain stores and distributors, meat packers and processors, cattle feedlots, and cattle backgrounding yards...

  11. AgriculturAl And resource economics Anthropology child development communicAtion community development culturAl studies ecology economics geogrAphy history humAn development internAtionAl commerciAl lAw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    , and energy in both developed and less-developed countries. To address these issues, the program emphasizes in understanding and improving government policy, market performance, environmental quality, the efficiency ethnography, politics, cultures of history, identity, sexuality, film, media and visual anthropology

  12. Report to the United States Congress clean coal technology export markets and financing mechanisms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report responds to a Congressional Conference Report that requests that $625,000 in funding provided will be used by the Department to identify potential markets for clean coal technologies in developing countries and countries with economies in transition from nonmarket economies and to identify existing, or new, financial mechanisms or financial support to be provided by the Federal government that will enhance the ability of US industry to participate in these markets. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects world coal consumption to increase by 30 percent between 1990 and 2010, from 5.1 to 6.5 billion short tons. Five regions stand out as major foreign markets for the export of US clean coal technologies: China; The Pacific Rim (other than China); South Asia (primarily India); Transitional Economies (Central Europe and the Newly Independent States); and Other Markets (the Americas and Southern Africa). Nearly two-thirds of the expected worldwide growth in coal utilization will occur in China, one quarter in the United States. EIA forecasts nearly a billion tons per year of additional coal consumption in China between 1990 and 2010, a virtual doubling of that country`s coal consumption. A 30-percent increase in coal consumption is projected in other developing countries over that same period. This increase in coal consumption will be accompanied by an increase in demand for technologies for burning coal cost-effectively, efficiently and cleanly. In the Pacific Rim and South Asia, rapid economic growth coupled with substantial indigenous coal supplies combine to create a large potential market for CCTS. In Central Europe and the Newly Independent States, the challenge will be to correct the damage of decades of environmental neglect without adding to already-considerable economic disruption. Though the situation varies, all these countries share the basic need to use indigenous low-quality coal cleanly and efficiently.

  13. State Water Quality (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is the policy of the Commonwealth of Virginia to: (1) protect existing high quality state waters and restore the quality of all other state waters to permit all reasonable public uses and...

  14. Perspectives on the United States Health Care System by International students from the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union and a comparison of former Soviet countries' and the United States Health Care Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leuenberger, Larissa Diane

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to establish baseline data from international students regarding health care system perspectives, access, barriers, and utilization. International students bring preconceived ideas regarding health care based...

  15. Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Southern States Energy Compact provides for the proper employment and conservation of energy, and for the employment of energy-related facilities, materials, and products, within the context of...

  16. States & Emerging Energy Technologies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on States & Emerging Energy Technologies.

  17. AASG STATE GDR

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003198MLTPL00 AASG State Geothermal Data Repository for the National Geothermal Data System.  http://repository.stategeothermaldata.org/repository/ 

  18. Effects of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on Employment in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tolley, George S.; Jones, Donald W. Mintz, Marianne M.; Smith, Barton A.; Carlson, Eric; Unnasch, Stefan; Lawrence, Michael; Chmelynski, Harry

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy report, Effects of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on Employment in the United States Report to Congress, estimates the effects on employment of a U.S. economy transformation to hydrogen between 2020 and 2050. The report includes study results on employment impacts from hydrogen market expansion in the transportation, stationary, and portable power sectors and highlights possible skill and education needs. This study is in response to Section 1820 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-58) (EPACT). Section 1820, “Overall Employment in a Hydrogen Economy,” requires the Secretary of Energy to carry out a study of the effects of a transition to a hydrogen economy on several employment [types] in the United States. As required by Section 1820, the present report considers: • Replacement effects of new goods and services • International competition • Workforce training requirements • Multiple possible fuel cycles, including usage of raw materials • Rates of market penetration of technologies • Regional variations based on geography • Specific recommendations of the study Both the Administration’s National Energy Policy and the Department’s Strategic Plan call for reducing U.S. reliance on imported oil and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The National Energy Policy also acknowledges the need to increase energy supplies and use more energy-efficient technologies and practices. President Bush proposed in his January 2003 State of the Union Address to advance research on hydrogen so that it has the potential to play a major role in America’s future energy system. Consistent with these aims, EPACT 2005 authorizes a research, development, and demonstration program for hydrogen and fuel cell technology. Projected results for the national employment impacts, projections of the job creation and job replacement underlying the total employment changes, training implications, regional employment impacts and the employment impacts of a hydrogen transformation on international competitiveness are investigated and reported.

  19. FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division

  20. Sustainability Cal State Fullerton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Study Group October 28, 2008 #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Safety Sally Yassine Contracts & Procurement #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from

  1. MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY INTRODUCTIONi.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;2 MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY INTRODUCTIONi. Welcome to the Online Professional Master of Science), and the College of Veterinary Medicine (CVM) at Michigan State University (MSU). This booklet contains important, Program Director Online Master of Science in Food Safety Michigan State University 1129 Farm Lane, Rm B 51

  2. Quantum Sequence States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. V. Mendes; R. V. Ramos

    2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In a recent paper it has been shown how to create a quantum state related to the prime number sequence using Grover's algorithm. Moreover, its multiqubit entanglement was analyzed. In the present work, we compare the multiqubit entanglement of several quantum sequence states as well we study the feasibility of producing such states using Grover's algorithm.

  3. Ground State Quantum Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ari Mizel; M. W. Mitchell; Marvin L. Cohen

    1999-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We formulate a novel ground state quantum computation approach that requires no unitary evolution of qubits in time: the qubits are fixed in stationary states of the Hamiltonian. This formulation supplies a completely time-independent approach to realizing quantum computers. We give a concrete suggestion for a ground state quantum computer involving linked quantum dots.

  4. Status of state Brownfield programs -- A comparison of enabling legislation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogoff, M.J. [HDR Engineering, Inc., Tampa, FL (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Though a definitive count is impossible, the US General Accounting Office has estimated that there are between 130,000 and 400,000 Brownfield sites in the country. What accounts for this discrepancy is that many of these sites may not be contaminated at all, but merely perceived to require a prohibitively expensive cleanup before redeveloping. Many developers and lending institutions have been increasingly unwilling to take on the stringent municipal, state, and federal regulations required for remediation at these sites. As a result, development often times has taken place on greenfield sites which are located outside the confines of the inner city. This has frustrated the comprehensive plan goals of most communities which mandate urban infilling and use of existing public infrastructure. Over the past decade, however, there has been a movement in nearly half of the states away from stringent cleanup requirements. There are currently variations in what each state requires. Some states, which maintain strict State Superfund programs while some states provide a form of voluntary remediation actions by the property owner or developer. Other states are developing more flexible approaches for their Brownfield programs based on numeric or risk based standards. The degree of stringency may vary from state to state dependent on the degree of legislative emphasis placed on economic redevelopment of Brownfield properties. This paper will compare and contrast the major trends in enabling legislation of states which currently allow some form of brownfield program. A case study from Florida will highlight how one state is attempting to draft enabling legislation to initiate a comprehensive Brownfield program to respond to current state needs.

  5. New automated inventory/material accounting system (AIMAS) version for former Soviet Union countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ewing, Tom [ANL; Sakunov, Igor [AVIS CORP., KIEV, UKRAINE; Drapey, Sergey [GEORGE KUZMYCZ TRAINING; Nations, Jim [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AIMAS (Automated Inventory/Material Accounting System) is a PC-based application for site-level nuclear material accountancy that was originally developed in the late 90's as a part of the U.S Department of Energy Assistance Program to Ukraine. Designed to be flexible and secure, plus place minimal demands on computing infrastructure, it was originally developed to run in early Windows operating system (OS) environments like W98 and W3.1. The development, support, and maintenance of AIMAS were transferred to Ukraine in 2002. Because it is highly flexible and can be configured to meet diverse end-user's needs, the software has been used at several facilities in Ukraine. Incorporating added functionality is planned to support nuclear installations in the Republic of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, as well. An improved 32-bit version of AIMAS has recently been developed to operate effectively on modern PCs running the latest Windows OS by AVIS, the Ukrainian developer. In the paper we discuss the status of AIMAS, plans for new functions, and describe the strategy for addressing a sustainable software life-cycle while meeting user requirements in multiple FSU countries.

  6. The Benefits of Creating a Cross-Country Data Framework for Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katzman, Alex; McNeil, Michael; Pantano, Stephen

    2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    As manufacturers now sell a similar range of consumer electronics and home appliances to major markets around the world, the task of identifying a product?s energy efficiency rating has usually been the responsibility of each country and its respective government agency. This has led to a multitude of energy efficiency testing procedures, ratings, and certifications, resulting in disparate data being captured on identical products. Furthermore, lack of consistent product identification criteria means product energy performance is not easily connected to relevant information about the product such as market availability, price or real world energy consumption. This paper presents a new data standard for reporting energy performance and related product information that can be adopted internationally. To inform the development of this standard, we explore the existing energy efficiency market data for the two example products of TVs and Room Air Conditioners. This paper discusses current/future use cases of appliance level energy efficiency data across all stakeholders, including consumers, retailers/manufacturers, global standards organizations, third party service providers, and regulatory agencies. It also explains the key benefits of moving to a common international data framework for energy efficiency, such as: 1) a centralized product information repository for comparing energy use, ratings/certifications, and pricing data 2) improved access to relevant consumer electronics and appliance data to facilitate new policy development and harmonization across markets 3) enablement of retailers and other third parties to embed actionable energy efficiency information as part of the consumer experience.

  7. Benefits of creating a cross-country data framework for energy efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katzman, Alex [SEAD Energy Efficiency Data Access Project, Enervee (United States)] [SEAD Energy Efficiency Data Access Project, Enervee (United States); McNeil, Michael [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Pantano, Stephen [Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (United States)] [Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (United States)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As manufacturers now sell a similar range of consumer electronics and home appliances to major markets around the world, the task of identifying a product’s energy efficiency rating has usually been the responsibility of each country and its respective government agency. This has led to a multitude of energy efficiency testing procedures, ratings, and certifications, resulting in disparate data being captured on identical products. Furthermore, lack of consistent product identification criteria means product energy performance is not easily connected to relevant information about the product such as market availability, price or real world energy consumption. This paper presents a new data standard for reporting energy performance and related product information that can be adopted internationally. To inform the development of this standard, we explore the existing energy efficiency market data for the two example products of TVs and Room Air Conditioners. This paper discusses current/future use cases of appliance level energy efficiency data across all stakeholders, including consumers, retailers/manufacturers, global standards organizations, third party service providers, and regulatory agencies. It also explains the key benefits of moving to a common international data framework for energy efficiency, such as: 1) a centralized product information repository for comparing energy use, ratings/certifications, and pricing data 2) improved access to relevant consumer electronics and appliance data to facilitate new policy development and harmonization across markets 3) enablement of retailers and other third parties to embed actionable energy efficiency information as part of the consumer experience.

  8. Nuclear design of small-sized high temperature gas-cooled reactor for developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goto, M.; Seki, Y.; Inaba, Y.; Ohashi, H.; Sato, H.; Fukaya, Y.; Tachibana, Y. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4002, Oarai-machi, Higashi Ibaraki-gun, Ibaraki-ken 311-1394 (Japan)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has started a conceptual design of a small-sized HTGR with 50 MW thermal power (HTR50S), which is a first-of-a-kind commercial or demonstration plant of a small-sized HTGR to be deployed in developing countries such as Kazakhstan in the 2020's. The nuclear design of the HTR50S is performed by upgrading the proven technology of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) to reduce the cost for the construction. In the HTTR design, twelve kinds of fuel enrichment was used to optimize the power distribution, which is required to make the maximum fuel temperature below the thermal limitation during the burn-up period. However, manufacture of many kinds of fuel enrichment causes increase of the construction cost. To solve this problem, the present study challenges the nuclear design by reducing the number of fuel enrichment to as few as possible. The nuclear calculations were performed with SRAC code system whose validity was proven by the HTTR burn-up data. The calculation results suggested that the optimization of the power distribution was reasonably achieved and the maximum fuel temperature was kept below the limitation by using three kinds of fuel enrichment. (authors)

  9. State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Chris Wagner, National Association of...

  10. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis: State, Utility, and Municipal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    State, Utility, and Municipal Loan Programs Jump to: navigation, search Name State Clean Energy Policies Analysis: State, Utility, and Municipal Loan Programs AgencyCompany...

  11. by Karin Busk Californiais poised to lead not only this country, but all

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Science Master's (PSM); one with a concentration in Biotechnology and the other in Stem Cell Science. Both, the CSU Chancellor's office gave final approval for SF State's Biotechnology and Stem Cell Science PSM different degrees including programs in bioinformatics, environmental science, foren- sic science

  12. Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    India, Mexico, and the United States have signed up to join the Cool Roofs Working Group, which was announced yesterday in Abu Dhabi at the second Clean Energy Ministerial -- a high-level global forum to promote policies and programs that advance clean energy technology, to share lessons learned and best practices and to encourage the transition to a global clean energy economy.

  13. Are All Dutch Racists? A Country's Struggle with a Black-Face Tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennehy, John

    of whites in blackface on the black population in the Netherlands, mostly consisting of the postcolonial migrants from Surinam? This huge difference in reaction to the images of "Black Pete" between persons of a population of 16 million inhabitants). In the United States, the question is not so much whether a practice

  14. State Technologies Advancement Collaborative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David S. Terry

    2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), and Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions (ASERTTI) signed an intergovernmental agreement on November 14, 2002, that allowed states and territories and the Federal Government to better collaborate on energy research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D) projects. The agreement established the State Technologies Advancement Collaborative (STAC) which allowed the states and DOE to move RDD&D forward using an innovative competitive project selection and funding process. A cooperative agreement between DOE and NASEO served as the contracting instrument for this innovative federal-state partnership obligating funds from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office of Fossil Energy to plan, fund, and implement RDD&D projects that were consistent with the common priorities of the states and DOE. DOE's Golden Field Office provided Federal oversight and guidance for the STAC cooperative agreement. The STAC program was built on the foundation of prior Federal-State efforts to collaborate on and engage in joint planning for RDD&D. Although STAC builds on existing, successful programs, it is important to note that it was not intended to replace other successful joint DOE/State initiatives such as the State Energy Program or EERE Special Projects. Overall the STAC process was used to fund, through three competitive solicitations, 35 successful multi-state research, development, deployment, and demonstration projects with an overall average non-federal cost share of 43%. Twenty-two states were awarded at least one prime contract, and organizations in all 50 states and some territories were involved as subcontractors in at least one STAC project. Projects were funded in seven program areas: (1) Building Technologies, (2) Industrial Technologies, (3) Transportation Technologies, (4) Distributed Energy Resources, (5) Hydrogen Technology Learning Centers, (6) Fossil Energy, and (7) Rebuild America.

  15. DISSOSTICHUS RE-EXPORT DOCUMENT V1.2 RE-EXPORT SECTION Re-exporting Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DISSOSTICHUS RE-EXPORT DOCUMENT V1.2 RE-EXPORT SECTION Re-exporting Country: 1. Description of Fish Species Type of Product Net Weight Exported (kg) Dissostichus Catch Document Number Attached Species: TOP and tailed; FLT Fillet; HGT Headed, gutted, tailed; OTH Other (specify) Re-export information Number Date

  16. Climate policies : what if emerging country baseline were not so optimistic? a case study related to India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -mail address: mathy@centre-cired.fr (S. Mathy) Keywords India, domestic policies and measures, climate policies1 of 14 Climate policies : what if emerging country baseline were not so optimistic? ­ a case study related to India Sandrine Mathya,* , Céline Guivarcha a Centre International de Recherche sur l

  17. Husnjak et al., 2004. Soil inventory and soil classification in Croatia ISRIC World Soil Information Country Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossiter, D G "David"

    Husnjak et al., 2004. Soil inventory and soil classification in Croatia Page 1 ISRIC World Soil Information Country Series Soil inventory and soil classification in Croatia: historical review, current classification in Croatia Page 2 Summary An historical overview of soil survey and soil classification activities

  18. REMEMBERING TOM PHELAN ~ THE FUTURE OF ENERGY ~ RECREATING A CROSS-COUNTRY JOURNEY Alumni Magazine~Spring 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linhardt, Robert J.

    REMEMBERING TOM PHELAN ~ THE FUTURE OF ENERGY ~ RECREATING A CROSS-COUNTRY JOURNEY Alumni Magazine was renovated extensively in the 1990s, earning the 1996 Historical Education Building Award from and organizations. 22 The Future of Energy As calls for energy independence increase, Rensselaer alumni explore

  19. Import demand for Brazilian ethanol: a cross-country analysis Barbara Farinelli, Colin A Carter, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    in the demand for oil and to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions contributing to global climate change [11 Import demand for Brazilian ethanol: a cross-country analysis Barbara Farinelli, Colin A Carter, CA 95616, USA Abstract This study presents an empirical analysis of the import demand for Brazilian

  20. On the shortterm influence of oil price changes on stock markets in GCC countries: linear and nonlinear analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the short-run relationships between oil prices and GCC stock markets. Since GCC countries are major world relatively little work done on the relationships between oil price variations and stock markets) shows a significant relationship between oil price changes and stock markets in Greece. Basher

  1. the academy of sciences for the developing world tenable in developing countries such as Brazil, China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    , China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan and Thailand for scientists from developing countries year Age limit: 30 TWAS-icipe Fellowships for Postgraduate Research in Kenya The International Centre (other than Kenya) who wish to obtain a PhD in the natural sciences, especially focusing on integrated

  2. Measuring the Social Rate of Return to R&D in the Energy Industry: A Study of the OECD Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    for biomass energy R&D, with clearly demarcated support for both pre-commercial research devoted to innovation for renewable energy and energy efficiency, and has declined for fossil fuel and nuclear technology. The 20051 Measuring the Social Rate of Return to R&D in the Energy Industry: A Study of the OECD Countries

  3. During the month of November, the Department hosted an unusual guest from Kazakhstan, Zhanna Yessengaliyeva. Kazakhstan is a country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pringle, James "Jamie"

    During the month of November, the Department hosted an unusual guest from Kazakhstan, Zhanna Yessengaliyeva. Kazakhstan is a country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Kazakhstan is the ninth largest) is larger than Western Europe. 16.6 million people live in Kazakhstan, its population density is less than 6

  4. This series introduces the subject of Colombia by presenting all sides of the country: environment, drugs, political history (Plan Colombia),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    This series introduces the subject of Colombia by presenting all sides of the country: environment, drugs, political history (Plan Colombia), youth, political violence (the Patriotic Union), forced - November 29th - Baile Rojo Plan Colombia WE CAN NOT KEEP SILENT with Gildardo Tuberquia to answer

  5. A Joint Programme of: "Water will remain a strategic resource for countries worldwide, and the quest for water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    the distinction between water as a resource and water as a service and thus lack the necessary institutionalA Joint Programme of: "Water will remain a strategic resource for countries worldwide, and the quest for water sustainability will become increasingly intricate and delicate. A keen understanding

  6. The uranium industry in the former eastern block countries-present status and new challenges associated with remediation work

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vels, B.Dr.; Ruhrmann, G.Dr. [Uranerzbergbau-GmbH, Wesseling (Germany)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The main uranium producing countries and the individual production centres are briefly described, including their production status. In particular, an analysis of their present situation is given. The challenge of required remediation work lies in the successful handling of the complex transformation from the old to the new socio-economic environment within a tight financial framework.

  7. Nano/Microfluidics for diagnosis of infectious diseases in developing countries Won Gu Lee a,b,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirci, Utkan

    Nano/Microfluidics for diagnosis of infectious diseases in developing countries Won Gu Lee a,b,1 history: Received 15 June 2009 Accepted 14 September 2009 Available online 30 November 2009 Keywords: Nano/Microfluidics Infectious diseases HIV/AIDS Point-of-care Diagnostics Global health Nano/Microfluidic technologies

  8. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir IRAN Isfahn University of Technology 08.03.2007 http://www.iut.ac.ir IRAN The University of Isfahn 15/03/2011 http://www.ui.ac.ir IRAN Shahid Bahonar University of Kermn 06.06.2005 http

  9. Designing and building a peanut-shelling machine to help people in third world countries such as Ghana/Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohd Ramli, Rafiq H. (Rafiq Hidayat), 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A peanut shelling machine was designed and built to help improve the standard of living of people in third world countries such as Ghana and Haiti. Two prototypes were built to test the concept of using a wheel as a peanut ...

  10. Amplitude mediated chimera states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gautam C Sethia; Abhijit Sen; George L. Johnston

    2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the possibility of obtaining chimera state solutions of the non-local Complex Ginzburg-Landau Equation (NLCGLE) in the strong coupling limit when it is important to retain amplitude variations. Our numerical studies reveal the existence of a variety of amplitude mediated chimera states (including stationary and non-stationary two cluster chimera states), that display intermittent emergence and decay of amplitude dips in their phase incoherent regions. The existence regions of the single-cluster chimera state and both types of two cluster chimera states are mapped numerically in the parameter space of $C_1$ and $C_2$ the linear and nonlinear dispersion coefficients respectively of the NLCGLE. They represent a new domain of dynamical behaviour in the well explored rich phase diagram of this system. The amplitude mediated chimera states may find useful applications in understanding spatio-temporal patterns found in fluid flow experiments and other strongly coupled systems.

  11. Michigan State University Alumni Association MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan State University Alumni Association Bylaws #12;2 MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY ALUMNI of the organization shall be the Michigan State University Alumni Association (hereinafter, the "Association"). Section 2 Mission Statement The Michigan State University Alumni Association supports and enhances

  12. State Energy Strategic Planning

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Technical Assistance Program (TAP) presentation at a TAP webinar held on April 3, 2013 and dealing with state energy strategic planning.

  13. United States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    State University, Columbus, OH (*) Stauffer Tenescal Co., Richmond, CA Tocco Induction Heating Division, Clevelaad, OH Utica Drop Forge & Tool Co., Utica, NV Titanium Metals Corp....

  14. United States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    State Wversity, Columbus, CM-i (*) Stauffer Tenescal Co., Richmond, CA Tocco Induction Heating Division, Clevelaad, OH Utica Drop Forge & Tool Co., Utica, NV Titanium Metals Corp....

  15. State and Local Incentives

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To help you make energy efficiency improvements in your commercial building, your state and/or local community might offer incentives or have special programs.

  16. Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Fearnside, P.M. (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia (INPA), Manaus, AM (Brazil). Departmento de Ecologia)

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia in 1990 was releasing approximately 281--282 X 10{sup 6} metric tons (MT) of carbon on conversion to a landscape of agriculture, productive pasture, degraded pasture, secondary forest and regenerated forest in the proportions corresponding to the equilibrium condition implied by current land-use patterns. Emissions are expressed as committed carbon,'' or the carbon released over a period of years as the carbon stock in each hectare deforested approaches a new equilibrium in the landscape that replaces the original forest. To the extent that deforestation rates have remained constant, current releases from the areas deforested in previous years will be equal to the future releases from the areas being cleared now. Considering the quantities of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, nitrous oxide, NO{sub x} and non-methane hydrocarbons released raises the impact by 22--37%. The relative impact on the greenhouse effect of each gas is based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) calculations over a 20-year time period (including indirect effects). The six gases considered have a combined global warming impact equivalent to 343 to 386 million MT of C0{sub 2}-equivalent carbon, depending on assumptions regarding the release of methane and other gases from the various sources such as burning and termites. These emissions represent 7--8 times the 50 million MT annual carbon release from Brazil's use of fossil fuels, but bring little benefit to the country. Stopping deforestation in Brazil would prevent as much greenhouse emission as tripling the fuel efficiency of all the automobiles in the world. The relatively cheap measures needed to contain deforestation, together with the many complementary benefits of doing so, make this the first priority for funds intended to slow global warming.

  17. International Energy Agency (IEA) Task 40 — Sustainable International Energy Trade: Securing Supply and Demand -- Country Report 2009 for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Richard Hess; Jacob J. Jacobson; Richard Nelson; Carl Wolf

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report outlines the status of U.S. biomass resources currently and future potentials for domestic and export markets of residues, energy crops, and woody resources. Includes energy and fuel production and consumption statistics, driving policies, targets, and government investment in bioenergy industry development.

  18. International Energy Agency (IEA) Task 40 — Sustainable International Energy Trade: Securing Supply and Demand -- Country Report 2010 for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Richard Hess; Jacob J. Jacobson; Richard Nelson; Carl Wolf

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report updates the status of U.S. biomass resources currently and future potentials for domestic and export markets of residues, energy crops, and woody resources. Includes energy and fuel production and consumption statistics, driving policies, targets, and government investment in bioenergy industry development.

  19. MOVIE "PIONEERS IN THE STRUGGLE" The history of the United States, like that of other countries, is a history of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    of nationwide political struggles on local struggles (and vice versa). 14. Identify historical issues and relate.S. Constitution made sure to guarantee civil rights to certain Americans, but denied them to women, African

  20. Event name Venue City State/Country Date(s) Time(s) Sign-up deadline Cost Counselor Attending Little Rock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Paul Thomas

    PAWWS Rep pending Bishop Feehan HS College Mini Fair - option 1 Bishop Feehan HS Attleboro MA 9/14/2011 9:30-10:20am 6/24/2011 Bishop Feehan HS College Mini Fair - option 2 Bishop Feehan HS Attleboro MA 9 Counselor Attending Bishop Feehan HS College Mini Fair - rain date Bishop Feehan HS Attleboro MA 9/14/2011 9