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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Consistent blind protein structure generation from NMR chemical shift data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consistent blind protein structure generation from NMR chemical shift data Yang Shen*, Oliver Lange been successfully applied in a blind manner to nine protein targets with molecular masses up to 15.4 k

Baker, David

2

Raman shifted third harmonic generation of upper hybrid radiation in a plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Raman shifted third harmonic generation of upper hybrid radiation is proposed and studied. In the presence of ambient magnetic field, the plasma wave present in the system produces electron density ripple (perturbation) which couples with the velocity imparted by the nonlinear ponderomotive force at twice the laser frequency producing the Raman shifted third harmonic field. The wave vector of the plasma wave provides the uncompensated momentum necessary for phase matching condition. The applied magnetic field can be adjusted to have the phase matching for the given plasma frequency. The energy conversion ratio from pump to the Raman shifted third harmonic generation of upper hybrid radiation is analyzed.

Magesh Kumar, K.K.; Singh, Ranjeet; Tripathi, V. K. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi-110016 (India)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

3

Prime number generation and factor elimination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have presented a multivariate polynomial function termed as factor elimination function,by which, we can generate prime numbers. This function's mapping behavior can explain the irregularities in the occurrence of prime numbers on the number line. Generally the different categories of prime numbers found till date, satisfy the form of this function. We present some absolute and probabilistic conditions for the primality of the number generated by this method. This function is capable of leading to highly efficient algorithms for generating prime numbers.

Vineet Kumar

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

4

Posting type Advisory Subject Shifts in Mo-anode XRF element calibration factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Posting type Advisory Subject Shifts in Mo-anode XRF element calibration factors Module/Species A@crocker.ucdavis.edu Supporting information A molybdenum-anode XRF instrument is used to analyze the heavier elements (Ni, Cu, Zn with lighter deposits were acquired and used in the Mo-anode XRF system. The new calibration foils resulted

Fischer, Emily V.

5

DNA binding shifts the redox potential of the transcription factor SoxR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DNA binding shifts the redox potential of the transcription factor SoxR Alon A. Gorodetsky , Lars E-modified electrodes are used to probe the effects of binding to DNA on the redox potential of SoxR, a transcription in the absence of DNA. Using Redmond red as a covalently bound redox reporter affixed above the SoxR binding site

Dietrich, Lars

6

Experimental and theoretical study of red-shifted solitonic resonant radiation in photonic crystal fibers and generation of radiation seeded Raman solitons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The red shifted solitonic resonant radiation is a fascinating phase matching phenomenon that occurs when an optical pulse, launched in the normal dispersion regime of photonic crystal fiber, radiates across the zero dispersion wavelength. The formation of such phase-matched radiation is independent of the generation of any optical soliton and mainly governed by the leading edge of input pump which forms a shock front. The radiation is generated at the anomalous dispersion regime and found to be confined both in time and frequency domain. We experimentally investigate the formation of such radiations in photonic crystal fibers with detailed theoretical analysis. Our theoretical predictions corroborate well with experimental results. Further we extend our study for long length fiber and investigate the interplay between red-shifted solitonic resonant radiation and intrapulse Raman scattering (IPRS). It is observed that series of radiation-seeded Raman solitons are generated in anomalous dispersion regime.

Bose, Surajit; Chattopadhyay, Rik; Pal, Mrinmay; Bhadra, Shyamal K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Form factors for generated unequal addendum and dedendum gear teeth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PORN FACTORS FOR GEHERLTED DREQUkL LDDERDDH /AID DEDEHDDH GEAR TEETH GEORGE FREDERICK SHEETS, JH. approved as to style and oontent by: z Head of Departnent Hayi 1952 FORM FACTORS FOR GEEERATED UEEQUAL ADDEEDUM AED DEDEEDUM GEAR TEETH... By GEORGE FREDERICK SHEETS, JR. Subnittsd to the Graduate School of ths Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillnsnt of ths requirwwnts for ths degree of May~ 1952 Ma)or Sub)set: Mechanical Engineering The advi ca f assi stanoe...

Sheets, George Frederick

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Redox cycle stability of mixed oxides used for hydrogen generation in the cyclic water gas shift process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} modified with CaO, SiO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} was studied in cyclic water gas shift reactor. • For the first time stability of such oxides were tested for 100 redox cycles. • Optimally added oxides significantly improved the activity and the stability of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}. • Increased stability was attributed to the impediment of neck formation. - Abstract: Repeated cycles of the reduction of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} with reductive gas, e.g. hydrogen and subsequent oxidation of the reduced iron material with water vapor can be harnessed as a process for the production of pure hydrogen. The redox behavior of iron oxide modified with various amounts of SiO{sub 2}, CaO and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} was investigated in the present study. The total amount of the additional metal oxides was always below 15 wt%. The samples were prepared by co-precipitation using urea hydrolysis method. The influence of various metal oxides on the hydrogen production capacity and the material stability was studied in detail in terms of temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and BET analysis. Furthermore, the activity and the stability of the samples were tested in repeated reduction with diluted H{sub 2} and re-oxidation cycles with H{sub 2}O. The results indicate that combination of several oxides as promoter increases the stability of the iron oxide material by mitigating the sintering process. The positive influence of the oxides in stabilizing the iron oxide material is attributed to the impediment of neck formation responsible for sintering.

Datta, Pradyot, E-mail: pradyot.datta@gmail.com

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

9

Linear electric field frequency shift (important for next generation electric dipole moment searches) induced in confined gases by a magnetic field gradient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The search for particle electric dipole moments (edm) represents a most promising way to search for physics beyond the standard model. A number of groups are planning a new generation of experiments using stored gases of various kinds. In order to achieve the target sensitivities it will be necessary to deal with the systematic error resulting from the interaction of the well-known $\\overrightarrow{v}\\times \\overrightarrow{E}$ field with magnetic field gradients (often referred to as the geometric phase effect (Commins, ED; Am. J. Phys. \\QTR{bf}{59}, 1077 (1991), Pendlebury, JM \\QTR{em}{et al;} Phys. Rev. \\QTR{bf}{A70}, 032102 (2004)). This interaction produces a frequency shift linear in the electric field, mimicking an edm. In this work we introduce an analytic form for the velocity auto-correlation function which determines the velocity-position correlation function which in turn determines the behavior of the frequency shift (Lamoreaux, SK and Golub, R; Phys. Rev \\QTR{bf}{A71}, 032104 (2005)) and show how it depends on the operating conditions of the experiment. We also discuss some additional issues.

Authors A. L. Barabanov; R. Golub; S. K. Lamoreaux

2006-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

10

Shift Summary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2)Sharing Smart GridShift End Shift End A shift ends and the APS

11

Shift Summary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2)Sharing Smart GridShift End Shift End A shift ends and the

12

Stick shift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stick Shift is a novel that has undergone several rounds of significant revision. Scott, the book's main character, is a sarcastic American who travels to England to move in with an ex-girlfriend. He experiences all of the ...

Parness, Aaron J. (Aaron Joseph), 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Frequency Scalable Non-Linear Waveform Generator for Mixed-Simal Power-Factor-Correction IC Controller'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frequency Scalable Non-Linear Waveform Generator for Mixed-Simal Power-Factor-Correction IC derives a family of digital non-linear waveform generators fundamental to the developement of an adaptive-Signal IC Gontroller Block Diagram frequency scalable non-linear waveform generators for the IC controller

14

Detailed discussion of a linear electric field frequency shift (important for next generation) electric dipole moment searches) induced in confined gases by a magnetic field gradient: Implications for electric dipole moment experiments (II)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The search for particle electric dipole moments represents a most promising way to search for physics beyond the standard model. A number of groups are planning a new generation of experiments using stored gases of various kinds. In order to achieve the target sensitivities it will be necessary to deal with the systematic error resulting from the interaction of the well-known E x v field with magnetic field gradients (often referred to as the geometric phase effect [9,10]). This interaction produces a frequency shift linear in the electric field, mimicking an edm. In this work we introduce an analytic model for the correlation function which determines the behavior of the frequency shift [11], and show in detail how it depends on the operating conditions of the experiment. We also propose a method to directly measure ths correlation function under the exact conditions of a given experiment.

A. L. Barabanov; R. Golub; S. K. Lamoreaux

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

15

Review of Operational Water Consumption and Withdrawal Factors for Electricity Generating Technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Various studies have attempted to consolidate published estimates of water use impacts of electricity generating technologies, resulting in a wide range of technologies and values based on different primary sources of literature. The goal of this work is to consolidate the various primary literature estimates of water use during the generation of electricity by conventional and renewable electricity generating technologies in the United States to more completely convey the variability and uncertainty associated with water use in electricity generating technologies.

Macknick, J.; Newmark, R.; Heath, G.; Hallett, K. C.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Dynamic shape factors for hydox-generated plutonium dioxide-type non-sperical objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . 1X NOMENCLATURE INTRODUCTION. BACKGROUND. THEORY. METHOD. . 14 Dynamic Shape Factors of a Hedron Characterized as a Single Variable, x. . Dynamic Shape Factors of a Hedron Characterized as Two Variables, x and y. Dynamic Shape Factors of a..., and this thesis to evaluates effects of the density and dynamic shape factors on the settling velocities of plutonium dioxide. THEORY Assume a particle in motion in a viscous fluid with velocity v. The fluid exerts a drag force on the particle defined as Fn...

Lohaus, James Harold

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

17

Updated greenhouse gas and criteria air pollutant emission factors and their probability distribution functions for electricity generating units  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Greenhouse gas (CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O, hereinafter GHG) and criteria air pollutant (CO, NO{sub x}, VOC, PM{sub 10}, PM{sub 2.5} and SO{sub x}, hereinafter CAP) emission factors for various types of power plants burning various fuels with different technologies are important upstream parameters for estimating life-cycle emissions associated with alternative vehicle/fuel systems in the transportation sector, especially electric vehicles. The emission factors are typically expressed in grams of GHG or CAP per kWh of electricity generated by a specific power generation technology. This document describes our approach for updating and expanding GHG and CAP emission factors in the GREET (Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation) model developed at Argonne National Laboratory (see Wang 1999 and the GREET website at http://greet.es.anl.gov/main) for various power generation technologies. These GHG and CAP emissions are used to estimate the impact of electricity use by stationary and transportation applications on their fuel-cycle emissions. The electricity generation mixes and the fuel shares attributable to various combustion technologies at the national, regional and state levels are also updated in this document. The energy conversion efficiencies of electric generating units (EGUs) by fuel type and combustion technology are calculated on the basis of the lower heating values of each fuel, to be consistent with the basis used in GREET for transportation fuels. On the basis of the updated GHG and CAP emission factors and energy efficiencies of EGUs, the probability distribution functions (PDFs), which are functions that describe the relative likelihood for the emission factors and energy efficiencies as random variables to take on a given value by the integral of their own probability distributions, are updated using best-fit statistical curves to characterize the uncertainties associated with GHG and CAP emissions in life-cycle modeling with GREET.

Cai, H.; Wang, M.; Elgowainy, A.; Han, J. (Energy Systems)

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

18

Test factoring with amock: generating readable unit tests from system tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated unit tests are essential for the construction of reliable software, but writing them can be tedious. If the goal of test generation is to create a lasting unit test suite (and not just to optimize execution of ...

Glasser, David Samuel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Spectral shift reactor control method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes the method of operating a pressurized-water fissile-material-fueled spectral-shift nuclear reactor in such manner that short-term reactivity requirement variations can be satisfied without making control rod or chemical shim changes. The reactor includes a pressure vessel enclosing a reactor core and having an inlet and an outlet for circulating a water coolant moderator in heat transfer relationship with the core. The core comprises fuel assemblies disposed therein for generating heat by nuclear fission. The reactor provided with neutron-absorbing control rods which are vertically movable into and out of the core so that movement of the control rods into the core will substantially decrease reactivity and withdrawal of the control rods from the core will substantially increase reactivity. The control rods when inserted into the core displace an equivalent volume of the water coolant moderator. The reactor also provides neutron-spectral-shift rods which have a lower absorptivity for neutrons than the control rods, the neutron-spectral shift rods when inserted into the core displacing an equaivalent volume of the water coolant moderator. The neutron-spectral-shift rods comprises two different types of rods, a first of the different types of the neutron-spectral-shift rods comprising displacer rods which have a low absorptivity for neutrons, the remainder of the neutron-spectral-shift rods comprising gray rods which have an absorption for neutrons which is intermediate the neutron absorption of the control rods and the low neutron absorption of the displacer rods. Each neutron-spectral-shift displacer rod comprises a hollow thin-walled Zircaloy member containing a filling of solid or annular zirconium- or aluminum-containing material for providing internal support and mass for the thin-walled tubular member.

Impink, A.J. Jr.

1987-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

20

Shifting scintillator neutron detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Provided are sensors and methods for detecting thermal neutrons. Provided is an apparatus having a scintillator for absorbing a neutron, the scintillator having a back side for discharging a scintillation light of a first wavelength in response to the absorbed neutron, an array of wavelength-shifting fibers proximate to the back side of the scintillator for shifting the scintillation light of the first wavelength to light of a second wavelength, the wavelength-shifting fibers being disposed in a two-dimensional pattern and defining a plurality of scattering plane pixels where the wavelength-shifting fibers overlap, a plurality of photomultiplier tubes, in coded optical communication with the wavelength-shifting fibers, for converting the light of the second wavelength to an electronic signal, and a processor for processing the electronic signal to identify one of the plurality of scattering plane pixels as indicative of a position within the scintillator where the neutron was absorbed.

Clonts, Lloyd G; Cooper, Ronald G; Crow, Jr., Morris Lowell; Hannah, Bruce W; Hodges, Jason P; Richards, John D; Riedel, Richard A

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Shift factors in ERCOT congestion pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and engineering aspects of its implementation. I investigate the economic inefficiencies that are due, I discuss the ERCOT zonal and local congestion management scheme and analyze various economic of scarce transmission resources, 2. provision of economic signals for dispatch, 3. provision of economic

Baldick, Ross

22

Shift manager workload assessment - A case study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In early 2003, Bruce Power restarted two of its previously laid up units in the Bruce A generating station, Units 3 and 4. However, due to challenges relating to the availability of personnel with active Shift Manager licenses, an alternate shift structure was proposed to ensure the safe operation of the station. This alternate structure resulted in a redistribution of responsibility, and a need to assess the resulting changes in workload. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited was contracted to perform a workload assessment based on the new shift structure, and to provide recommendations, if necessary, to ensure Shift Managers had sufficient resources available to perform their required duties. This paper discusses the performance of that assessment, and lessons learned as a result of the work performed during the Restart project. (authors)

Berntson, K.; Kozak, A. [Bruce Power, P O Box 1540 B10, Tiverton, Ont. N0G 2T0 (Canada); Malcolm, J. S. [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., 2251 Speakman Drive, Mississauga, Ont. L5K 1B2 (Canada)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Ambiguous Red Shifts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A one-parameter conformal invariance of Maxwell's equations allows the wavelengths of electromagnetic waves to change as they propagate, and do so even in otherwise field-free space. This produces an ambiguity in interpretations of stellar red shifts. Experiments that will determine the value of the group parameter, and thereby remove the ambiguity, are proposed. They are based on an analysis of the anomalous frequency shifts uncovered in the Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecraft studies, and physical interpretation of an isomorphism discovered by E. L. Hill. If the group parameter is found to be non-zero, Hubble's relations will have to be reinterpreted and space-time metrics will have to be altered. The cosmological consequences of the transformations are even more extensive because, though they change frequencies, they do not alter the energy and momentum conservations laws of classical and quantum-electrodynamical fields established by Cunningham and by Bialynicki-Birula.

Carl E. Wulfman

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

24

Key-shift transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A key-shift transmission is described, characterized by the speed-change shaft being divided into a pair of trough-shaped shaft halves each having an arched inner surface which defines a part of a cylindrical bore extending axially through the speed-change shaft thereby the shaft being formed into a hollow shaft, and by each of the shaft halves including a pair of flattened end surfaces which extend axially of each shaft half at both sides of the inner surface, one of the end surfaces having thereon an axially elongated projection and the other of the end surfaces having herein an axially elongated recess of a depth smaller than the height of the projection. The pair of shaft halves are engaged to each other co-rotatably by fitting the projections of the respective shaft halves into the recesses of the respective shaft halves so as to form in an outer surface of the speed-change shaft a pair of elongated axial grooves which are located radially outwardly of the elongated projections of the respective shaft halves and between the flattened end surfaces of the respective shaft halves. A pair of the shift keys are disposed within the pair of elongated axial grooves.

Nemoto, S.

1989-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

25

Technique for information retrieval using enhanced latent semantic analysis generating rank approximation matrix by factorizing the weighted morpheme-by-document matrix  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A technique for information retrieval includes parsing a corpus to identify a number of wordform instances within each document of the corpus. A weighted morpheme-by-document matrix is generated based at least in part on the number of wordform instances within each document of the corpus and based at least in part on a weighting function. The weighted morpheme-by-document matrix separately enumerates instances of stems and affixes. Additionally or alternatively, a term-by-term alignment matrix may be generated based at least in part on the number of wordform instances within each document of the corpus. At least one lower rank approximation matrix is generated by factorizing the weighted morpheme-by-document matrix and/or the term-by-term alignment matrix.

Chew, Peter A; Bader, Brett W

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

26

An Isotropic Chemical Shift-Chemical Shift Anisotropic Correlation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dimension. This back and forth rotation is repeated and synchronized with a special radio frequency (RF) pulse sequence to produce an isotropic-anisotropic shift 2D...

27

Refining the Shifted Topological Vertex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study aspects of the refining and shifting properties of the 3d MacMahon function $\\mathcal{C}_{3}(q) $ used in topological string theory and BKP hierarchy. We derive the explicit expressions of the shifted topological vertex $\\mathcal{S}_{\\lambda \\mu \

Lalla Btissam Drissi; Houda Jehjouh; El Hassan Saidi

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

28

Refining the shifted topological vertex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study aspects of the refining and shifting properties of the 3d MacMahon function C{sub 3}(q) used in topological string theory and BKP hierarchy. We derive the explicit expressions of the shifted topological vertex S{sub {lambda}}{sub {mu}}{sub {nu}}(q) and its refined version T{sub {lambda}}{sub {mu}}{sub {nu}}(q,t). These vertices complete results in literature.

Drissi, L. B.; Jehjouh, H.; Saidi, E. H. [Faculte des Sciences, Laboratory/UFR-Physique des Hautes Energies, Rabat, 1014 (Morocco); Groupement National de Physique des Hautes Energies (GNPHE), Siege focal:FS, Rabat, 1014 (Morocco)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

A programmable analog Gaussian noise generator for test applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents a robust programmable analog Gaussian noise generator suitable for mixed-signal test applications. Unlike conventional methods, noise generators employing a linear feedback shift… (more)

Aouini, Sadok.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Pseudo-random number generators for Monte Carlo simulations on Graphics Processing Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basic uniform pseudo-random number generators are implemented on ATI Graphics Processing Units (GPU). The performance results of the realized generators (multiplicative linear congruential (GGL), XOR-shift (XOR128), RANECU, RANMAR, RANLUX and Mersenne Twister (MT19937)) on CPU and GPU are discussed. The obtained speed-up factor is hundreds of times in comparison with CPU. RANLUX generator is found to be the most appropriate for using on GPU in Monte Carlo simulations. The brief review of the pseudo-random number generators used in modern software packages for Monte Carlo simulations in high-energy physics is present.

Demchik, Vadim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Pseudo-random number generators for Monte Carlo simulations on Graphics Processing Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basic uniform pseudo-random number generators are implemented on ATI Graphics Processing Units (GPU). The performance results of the realized generators (multiplicative linear congruential (GGL), XOR-shift (XOR128), RANECU, RANMAR, RANLUX and Mersenne Twister (MT19937)) on CPU and GPU are discussed. The obtained speed-up factor is hundreds of times in comparison with CPU. RANLUX generator is found to be the most appropriate for using on GPU in Monte Carlo simulations. The brief review of the pseudo-random number generators used in modern software packages for Monte Carlo simulations in high-energy physics is present.

Vadim Demchik

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

32

SHIFTING MODES? TRANSPORTATION AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shares (%) ­ Journey to Work, US (varies by region) Drive alone Carpool Transit Walk #12;More data Elizabeth Deakin Professor of City and Regional Planning University of California, Berkeley March 5, 2011 & saving energy in transport via mode shifts? Prospects for the future #12;I - Factors affecting travel

Kammen, Daniel M.

33

Automated manual transmission shift sequence controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A powertrain system for a hybrid vehicle. The hybrid vehicle includes a heat engine, such as a diesel engine, and an electric machine, which operates as both, an electric motor and an alternator, to power the vehicle. The hybrid vehicle also includes a manual-style transmission configured to operate as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver. The engine and the electric machine drive an input shaft which in turn drives an output shaft of the transmission. In addition to driving the transmission, the electric machine regulates the speed of the input shaft in order to synchronize the input shaft during either an upshift or downshift of the transmission by either decreasing or increasing the speed of the input shaft. When decreasing the speed of the input shaft, the electric motor functions as an alternator to produce electrical energy which may be stored by a storage device. Operation of the transmission is controlled by a transmission controller which receives input signals and generates output signals to control shift and clutch motors to effect smooth launch, upshift shifts, and downshifts of the transmission, so that the transmission functions substantially as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver, while internally substantially functioning as a manual transmission.

Lawrie, Robert E. (Whitmore Lake, MI); Reed, Richard G. (Royal Oak, MI); Rausen, David J. (Denver, CO)

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Hadronic shift in pionic hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The hadronic shift in pionic hydrogen has been redetermined to be $\\epsilon_{1s}=7.086\\,\\pm\\,0.007(stat)\\,\\pm\\,0.006(sys)$\\,eV by X-ray spectroscopy of ground state transitions applying various energy calibration schemes. The experiment was performed at the high-intensity low-energy pion beam of the Paul Scherrer Institut by using the cyclotron trap and an ultimate-resolution Bragg spectrometer with bent crystals.

M. Hennebach; D. F. Anagnostopoulos; A. Dax; H. Fuhrmann; D. Gotta; A. Gruber; A. Hirtl; P. Indelicato; Y. -W. Liu; B. Manil; V. E. Markushin; A. J. Rusi el Hassani; L. M. Simons; M. Trassinelli; J. Zmeskal

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

35

Feature Extraction of PDV Challenge Data Set A with Digital Down Shift (DDS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This slide-show is about data analysis in photonic Doppler velocimetry. The digital down shift subtracts a specified velocity (frequency) from all components in the Fourier frequency domain and generates both the down shifted in-phase and out-of-phase waveforms so that phase and displacement can be extracted through a continuous unfold of the arctangent.

Tunnell, T. W.

2012-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

36

Light beam frequency comb generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A light beam frequency comb generator uses an acousto-optic modulator to generate a plurality of light beams with frequencies which are uniformly separated and possess common noise and drift characteristics. A well collimated monochromatic input light beam is passed through this modulator to produce a set of both frequency shifted and unshifted optical beams. An optical system directs one or more frequency shifted beams along a path which is parallel to the path of the input light beam such that the frequency shifted beams are made incident on the modulator proximate to but separated from the point of incidence of the input light beam. After the beam is thus returned to and passed through the modulator repeatedly, a plurality of mutually parallel beams are generated which are frequency-shifted different numbers of times and possess common noise and drift characteristics.

Priatko, Gordon J. (Cupertino, CA); Kaskey, Jeffrey A. (Livermore, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

SDI Shifting Seasons Summit | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SDI Shifting Seasons Summit SDI Shifting Seasons Summit October 15, 2014 12:00PM CDT to October 17, 2014 9:00PM CDT Keshena, WI http:sustainabledevelopmentinstitute.org201402...

38

SVN commits: code Ss-shifted architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SVN commits: code Ss-shifted architecture ­ hit_filter can run between merger and fitter Most merge Supports SS-1/2 shifted architecture Supports bank extensions *.patt.bz2 etc ­ Used on the grid

39

Light-shift modulated photon-echo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the AC-Stark shift (light-shift) is a powerful and versatile tool to control the emission of a photon-echo in the context of optical storage. As a proof-of-principle, we demonstrate that the photon-echo efficiency can be fully modulated by applying light-shift control pulses in an erbium doped solid. The control of the echo emission is attributed to the spatial gradient induced by the light-shift beam.

Chanelière, Thierry

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Light-shift modulated photon-echo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the AC-Stark shift (light-shift) is a powerful and versatile tool to control the emission of a photon-echo in the context of optical storage. As a proof-of-principle, we demonstrate that the photon-echo efficiency can be fully modulated by applying light-shift control pulses in an erbium doped solid. The control of the echo emission is attributed to the spatial gradient induced by the light-shift beam.

Thierry Chanelière; Gabriel Hétet

2015-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Accurate conjugate gradient methods for shifted systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate conjugate gradient methods for shifted systems by Jasper van den Eshof and Gerard L. G CONJUGATE GRADIENT METHODS FOR SHIFTED SYSTEMS JASPER VAN DEN ESHOF AND GERARD L. G. SLEIJPEN Abstract We present an efficient and accurate variant of the conjugate gradient method for solving families of shifted

Sleijpen, Gerard

42

Electrical and Production Load Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Texas Abstract Load factors and operating hours of small and medium-sized industrial plants are analyzed to classify shift-work patterns and develop energy conservation diagnostic tools. This paper discusses two types of electric load factors... for each shift classification within major industry groups. The load factor based on billing hours (ELF) increases with operating hours from about 0.4 for a nominal one shift operation, to about 0.7 for around-the-clock operation. On the other hand...

Sen, T.; Heffington, W. M.

43

Spectral shift reactor control method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The method is described of closely controlling the reactor water coolant temperature of an operating spectral-shift nuclear reactor, the reactor comprising a core formed of fuel assemblies through which the reactor water coolant flows; different types of elongated elements operable to be controllably moved into and out of the core; one type of the elongated elements comprising control rods formed of neutron absorbing material and operable to decrease reactivity through neutron absorption when inserted into the core; another of the types of elongated elements comprising displacer rods formed of material which has a low absorption for neutrons and which have overall neutron-absorbing and moderating characteristics essentially not exceeding those of hollow tubular Zircaloy members with a filling zirconium oxide or aluminum oxide, the displacer rods operating to displace an equivalent volume of water coolant fluid from the core when inserted therein to decrease reactivity and to increase reactivity when moved from the core.

Impink, A.J. Jr.

1987-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

44

Cost analysis of Hybrid LFSR as deterministic and pseudorandom test pattern generator.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Hybrid Linear Feedback Shift Register (HLFSR) is a new Built-in Self Test (BIST) pattern generator that can generate a set of deterministic test patterns followed… (more)

Utama, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Accurate conjugate gradient methods for shifted systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate conjugate gradient methods for shifted systems by Jasper van den Eshof and Gerard L. G CONJUGATE GRADIENT METHODS FOR SHIFTED SYSTEMS JASPER VAN DEN ESHOF # AND GERARD L. G. SLEIJPEN # Abstract We present an e#cient and accurate variant of the conjugate gradient method for solving families

Sleijpen, Gerard

46

Gravitational Bending of Light with Frequency Shifts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-static gravitational fields generally introduce frequency shifts when bending light. In this paper, I discuss the frequency shifts induced in the bending of light by moving masses. As examples, I treat the recently discovered high-velocity pulsar PSR 2224+65 and a typical Einstein ring.

P. D. Morley

1993-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

The slightly-enriched spectral shift control reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An advanced converter reactor design utilizing mechanical spectral shift control rods in a conventional pressurized water reactor configuration is under investigation. The design is based on the principle that a harder spectrum during the early part of the fuel cycle will result in large neutron captures in fertile {sup 238}U, which can then be burned in situ in a softer spectrum later in the cycle. Preliminary design calculations performed during FY 89 showed that the slightly-enriched spectral shift reactor design offers the benefit of substantially increased fuel resource utilization with the proven safety characteristics of the pressurized water reactor technology retained. Optimization of the fuel design and development of fuel management strategies were carried out in FY 90, along with effort to develop and validate neutronic methodology for tight-lattice configurations with hard spectra. During FY 91, the final year of the grant, the final Slightly-Enriched Spectral Shift Reactor (SESSR) design was determined, and reference design analyses were performed for the assemblies as well as the global core configuration, both at the beginning of cycle (BOC) and with depletion. The final SESSR design results in approximately a 20% increase in the utilization of uranium resources, based on equilibrium fuel cycle analyses. Acceptable pin power peaking is obtained with the final core design, with assembly peaking factors equal to less than 1.04 for spectral shift control rods both inserted and withdrawn, and global peaking factors at BOC predicted to be 1.4. In addition, a negative Moderation Temperature Coefficient (MTC) is maintained for BOC, which is difficult to achieve with conventional advanced converter designs based on a closed fuel cycle. The SESSR design avoids the need for burnable poison absorber, although they could be added if desired to increase the cycle length while maintaining a negative MTC.

Martin, W.R.; Lee, J.C.; Larsen, E.W. (Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering); Edlund, M.C. (Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering)

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Kansas Nuclear Profile - Wolf Creek Generating Station  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

April 2012" "Next Release Date: February 2013" "Wolf Creek Generating Station" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor...

49

Washington Nuclear Profile - Columbia Generating Station  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Columbia Generating Station" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration...

50

Illinois Nuclear Profile - Dresden Generating Station  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dresden Generating Station" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration...

51

Illinois Nuclear Profile - Byron Generating Station  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Byron Generating Station" ,"Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

52

Illinois Nuclear Profile - Braidwood Generation Station  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Braidwood Generation Station" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License...

53

Diophantine Generation,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diophantine Generation, Horizontal and Vertical Problems, and the Weak Vertical Method Alexandra Shlapentokh Diophantine Sets, Definitions and Generation Diophantine Sets Diophantine Generation Properties of Diophantine Generation Diophantine Family of Z Diophantine Family of a Polynomial Ring Going Down Horizontal

Shlapentokh, Alexandra

54

Theory of the helium isotope shift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory of the isotope shift of the centroid energies of light few-electron atoms is reviewed. Numerical results are presented for the isotope shift of the $2^3P$-$2^3S$ and $2^1S$-$2^3S$ transition energies of $^3$He and $^4$He. By comparing theoretical predictions for the isotope shift with the experimental results, the difference of the squares of the nuclear charge radii of $^3$He and $^4$He, $\\delta R^2$, is determined with high accuracy.

Yerokhin, Vladimir A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Search for Higgs shifts in white dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on a search for differential shifts between electronic and vibronic transitions in carbon-rich white dwarfs BPM 27606 and Procyon B. The absence of differential shifts within the spectral resolution and taking into account systematic effects such as space motion and pressure shifts allows us to set the first upper bound of astrophysical origin on the coupling between the Higgs field and the Kreschmann curvature invariant. Our analysis provides the basis for a more general methodology to derive bounds to the coupling of long-range scalar fields to curvature invariants in an astrophysical setting complementary to the ones available from high-energy physics or table-top experiments.

Roberto Onofrio; Gary A. Wegner

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

56

Shift End | Y-12 National Security Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2)Sharing Smart GridShift End Shift End A shift ends and the

57

Hand held phase-shifting diffraction Moire interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An interferometer is described in which a coherent beam of light is generated within a remote case and transmitted to a hand held unit tethered to said remote case, said hand held unit having optical elements for directing a pair of mutually coherent collimated laser beams at a diffraction grating. Data from the secondary or diffracted beams are then transmitted to a separate video and data acquisition system for recording and analysis for load induced deformation or for identification purposes. Means are also provided for shifting the phase of one incident beam relative to the other incident beam and being controlled from within said remote case. 4 figs.

Deason, V.A.; Ward, M.B.

1994-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

58

Does accounting quality mitigate risk shifting?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examines the effect of financial reporting quality on risk shifting, an investment distortion that is caused by shareholders' incentives to engage in high-risk projects that are detrimental to debt holders. I ...

Loktionov, Yuri V

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Dielectric waveguide gas-filled stark shift modulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical modulator includes a dielectric waveguide for receiving an optical beam and coupling energy of the optical beam into the waveguide. At least one Stark material is provided in the waveguide. A bias circuit generates a bias signal to produce an electrical field across the Stark material to shift at least one of the Stark absorption frequencies towards the frequency of the optical beam. A circuit for producing a time varying electric field across the Stark material modulates the optical beam. At least a portion of the bias field can be generated by an alternating bias signal, such as a square wave. A method of modulating optical signals includes the steps of providing a dielectric waveguide for receiving an optical beam and coupling energy of the optical beam into the waveguide, the waveguide having at least one Stark material disposed therein, and varying an electric field imposed across the Stark material.

Hutchinson, Donald P.; Richards, Roger K.

2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

60

Smart Companies "Wake up" Night Shift Workers Make More Mistakes...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Smart Companies "Wake up" Night Shift Workers Make More Mistakes & More Prone to Accidents Smart Companies "Wake up" Night Shift Workers Make More Mistakes & More Prone to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

1. Generation 1 1. Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Generation 1 _________________________________________________________________________ 1. Generation Sound and vibrations or, in more general terms, oscillations of matter (solids or fluids) are generated in many different dynamic processes. The basic mechanisms which underlie these oscillations

Berlin,Technische Universität

62

Proton Mass Shift in Muonic Hydrogen Atom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the value of the proton mass depends on each bound state of muonic or electronic hydrogen atom. The charged particle bound to the proton produces magnetic field inside the proton. This makes a change to the amount of chiral condensate inside the proton. The change gives rise to the shift in the value of the proton mass. Numerically, the shift in the $2S$ state of the muonic hydrogen atom can be of the order of $0.1$ meV. The effect may solve the puzzle of the proton radius.

Aiichi Iwazaki

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

63

Frames and Stable Bases for Shift-Invariant Subspaces of L2IRd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is also a shift-invariant set. Such spaces play an important role in the areas of Multivariate Splines- orthogonality of BDR1 . We further give a comprehensive analysis of in nitely generated SI spaces, and employ@cs.wisc.edu matzuows@leonis.nus.sg February 1994 ABSTRACT Let X be a countable fundamental set in a Hilbert space H

Liblit, Ben

64

Asynchronous phase shifted electromagnetic energy harvester Jinkyoo Parka, Soonduck Kwonb and Kincho H. Lawa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generators and solar panels, energy harvesting devices are primarily targeted at powering small electronic deAsynchronous phase shifted electromagnetic energy harvester Jinkyoo Parka, Soonduck Kwonb ABSTRACT A vibration-based energy harvester is built upon the idea of transforming mechanical vibration

Stanford University

65

Newtonian gravity, red shift, confinement, asymptotic freedom and quarks oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quarks oscillations give the Newtonian gravity law, the red shift, the confinement and the asymptotic freedom.

G. Quznetsov

2008-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

66

Modified Geffe test pattern generator for built-in self-test.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Unlike linear Finite State Machines (FSM) such as Linear Feedback Shift Registers (LFSR), the Geffe generator, a nonlinear FSM, hasn't been frequently studied or used… (more)

Qi, Dandan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

A New Relation between Lamb Shift Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a new relation between the observed Lamb shift energies of hydrogen and muonium atoms. The relation is based on the non-relativistic description of the Lamb shift, and the proper treatment of the reduced mass of electron and target particles (proton and muon) leads to the new formula which is expressed as $\\displaystyle{{\\Delta E^{(H)}_{2s_{1/2}}\\over \\Delta E^{(\\mu)}_{2s_{1/2}}} =({1+{m_e\\over m_\\mu}\\over 1+{m_e\\over M_p}})^3}$. This relation achieves an excellent agreement with experiment and presents an important QED test free from the cutoff momentum $\\Lambda$.

Hiroaki Kubo; Takehisa Fujita; Naohiro Kanda; Hiroshi Kato; Yasunori Munakata; Sachiko Oshima; Kazuhiro Tsuda

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

68

Red Shift from Gravitational Back Reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deviations from geodesic motion caused by gravitational radiation have been discussed in the last decades to describe the motion of particles or photons in strong fields around collapsed objects. On cosmological scale this effect, which in the first order is caused by the finite speed of gravitational interaction, is important also in the weak field limit. In this paper the energy loss by transfer to the gravitational potential is determined in a quasi-Newtonian approximation for the examples of a static Einstein universe and for an expanding universe with flat metric. In both cases the resulting red shift is a considerable fraction of the total red shift and requires an adjustment of the age and the matter composition in our models of the universe.

Ernst Fischer

2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

69

Electricity pricing for conservation and load shifting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electricity industry is facing the challenge of increasing costs of reliably meeting demand growth and fully complying with legislative renewable portfolio standards and greenhouse gas reduction targets. However, an electric utility's existing tariffs often don't have rates that increase with consumption volume or vary by time of use, thus not fully exploiting the potential benefits from customer conservation and load shifting. (author)

Orans, Ren; Woo, C.K.; Horii, Brian; Chait, Michele; DeBenedictis, Andrew

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Stabilizing windings for tilting and shifting modes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to passive conducting loops for stabilizing a plasma ring against unstable tilting and/or shifting modes. To this end, for example, plasma ring in a spheromak is stabilized by a set of four figure-8 shaped loops having one pair on one side of the plasma and one pair on the other side with each pair comprising two loops whose axes are transverse to each other.

Jardin, Stephen C. (Princeton, NJ); Christensen, Uffe R. (Princeton, NJ)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Multi-factor authentication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Detection and deterrence of spoofing of user authentication may be achieved by including a cryptographic fingerprint unit within a hardware device for authenticating a user of the hardware device. The cryptographic fingerprint unit includes an internal physically unclonable function ("PUF") circuit disposed in or on the hardware device, which generates a PUF value. Combining logic is coupled to receive the PUF value, combines the PUF value with one or more other authentication factors to generate a multi-factor authentication value. A key generator is coupled to generate a private key and a public key based on the multi-factor authentication value while a decryptor is coupled to receive an authentication challenge posed to the hardware device and encrypted with the public key and coupled to output a response to the authentication challenge decrypted with the private key.

Hamlet, Jason R; Pierson, Lyndon G

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

72

Collisional {sup 3}He and {sup 129}Xe Frequency Shifts in Rb-Noble-Gas Mixtures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fermi-contact interaction that characterizes collisional spin exchange of a noble gas with an alkali-metal vapor also gives rise to NMR and EPR frequency shifts of the noble-gas nucleus and the alkali-metal atom, respectively. We have measured the enhancement factor {kappa}{sub 0} that characterizes these shifts for Rb-{sup 129}Xe to be 493{+-}31, making use of the previously measured value of {kappa}{sub 0} for Rb-{sup 3}He. This result allows accurate {sup 129}Xe polarimetry with no need to reference a thermal-equilibrium NMR signal.

Ma, Z. L.; Sorte, E. G.; Saam, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, 115 South 1400 East, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84112-0830 (United States)

2011-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

73

Distributed Generation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

come a long way in addressing interconnection standards for distributed generation, utilities have largely overlooked the untapped potential of these resources. Under certain...

74

Resonance-shifting luminescent solar concentrators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical system and method to overcome luminescent solar concentrator inefficiencies by resonance-shifting, in which sharply directed emission from a bi-layer cavity into a glass substrate returns to interact with the cavity off-resonance at each subsequent reflection, significantly reducing reabsorption loss en route to the edges. In one embodiment, the system comprises a luminescent solar concentrator comprising a transparent substrate, a luminescent film having a variable thickness; and a low refractive index layer disposed between the transparent substrate and the luminescent film.

Giebink, Noel Christopher; Wiederrecht, Gary P; Wasielewski, Michael R

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

75

Pendulum Shifts, Context, Error, and Personal Accountability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a series of tools that were developed to achieve a balance in under-standing LOWs and the human component of events (including accountability) as the INL continues its shift to a learning culture where people report, are accountable and interested in making a positive difference - and want to report because information is handled correctly and the result benefits both the reporting individual and the organization. We present our model for understanding these interrelationships; the initiatives that were undertaken to improve overall performance.

Harold Blackman; Oren Hester

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Shifting Interest Regimes of the Working Classes in Latin America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Handlin IIR Working Paper Shifting Interest Regimes of the2000), “Working-Class Power, Capitalist-Class Interest, andShifting Interest Regimes of the Working Classes in Latin

Berins Collier, Ruth; Handlin, Samuel P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

New Jersey Nuclear Profile - PSEG Salem Generating Station  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PSEG Salem Generating Station" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License...

78

California Nuclear Profile - San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License...

79

New Jersey Nuclear Profile - PSEG Hope Creek Generating Station  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PSEG Hope Creek Generating Station" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License...

80

Illinois Nuclear Profile - LaSalle Generating Station  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LaSalle Generating Station" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

VIEWLS Final recommendations report Shift Gear to Biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VIEWLS Final recommendations report 1 Shift Gear to Biofuels Results and recommendations from the VIEWLS project November 2005 #12;Shift Gear to Biofuels Final report of the VIEWLS project 2 #12;Shift Gear to Biofuels Final report of the VIEWLS project 3 Preface Biofuels are fuels made from

82

Climate change-induced shifts in fire for Mediterranean ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH PAPER Climate change-induced shifts in fire for Mediterranean ecosystems Enric Batllori1 Climate change, climate uncertainty, fire-climate relationship, fire shifts, Mediterranean biome Mediterranean biome and identify potential shifts in fire activity under an ensemble of global climate

Moritz, Max A.

83

Picosecond laser timing by rf phase shifting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lasers pumped by synchronized mode?locked, Q?switched, cw Nd:YAG lasers. The phase shifter operates with better than 10?ps precision and generates time delays from 0 to 26 ns....

Johnson, Carey K.; Qian, Jun

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Thermoelectric Generators 1. Thermoelectric generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Cold Hot I - -- - - - - -- Figure 1 Electron concentration in a thermoelectric material. #12;2 A large1 Thermoelectric Generators HoSung Lee 1. Thermoelectric generator 1.1 Basic Equations In 1821 on the direction of current and material [3]. This is called the Thomson effect (or Thomson heat). These three

Lee, Ho Sung

85

KnightShift: Shifting the I/O Burden in Datacenters to Management Processor for Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KnightShift: Shifting the I/O Burden in Datacenters to Management Processor for Energy Efficiency. We use several production datacenter traces to evaluate the energy impact of KnightShift and show requests that demand less than 5 1 Introduction Datacenter power consumption is growing at a rapid pace

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

86

Phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a point diffraction interferometer for evaluating the quality of a test optic. In operation, the point diffraction interferometer includes a source of radiation, the test optic, a beam divider, a reference wave pinhole located at an image plane downstream from the test optic, and a detector for detecting an interference pattern produced between a reference wave emitted by the pinhole and a test wave emitted from the test optic. The beam divider produces separate reference and test beams which focus at different laterally separated positions on the image plane. The reference wave pinhole is placed at a region of high intensity (e.g., the focal point) for the reference beam. This allows reference wave to be produced at a relatively high intensity. Also, the beam divider may include elements for phase shifting one or both of the reference and test beams.

Medecki, Hector (Berkeley, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Red Shift in a Laboraory Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A hypotheses of energy loss for polarization of e-e+ vacuum by a photon passing interstellar space is considered. An excitation and relaxation of vacuum can't run with speed of light due to very small but finite fraction of e-e+ pair mass that creates a retardment in recuperation of deposited energy back to photon. This "forgotten" by many photons energy is finally splashed out in real space as a Relic Radiation. An assumption that such energy loss is proportional to a photon energy conforms to Hubble low of Red Shift and experimental data treated as accelerated expansion of Universe. A possibility of an observation of this type energy loss is considered at high-energy accelerators where energy deposition may reach up hundreds MeV in second.

Yuriy A. Yatsunenko; Julian A. Budagov

2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

88

Phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a point diffraction interferometer for evaluating the quality of a test optic. In operation, the point diffraction interferometer includes a source of radiation, the test optic, a beam divider, a reference wave pinhole located at an image plane downstream from the test optic, and a detector for detecting an interference pattern produced between a reference wave emitted by the pinhole and a test wave emitted from the test optic. The beam divider produces separate reference and test beams which focus at different laterally separated positions on the image plane. The reference wave pinhole is placed at a region of high intensity (e.g., the focal point) for the reference beam. This allows reference wave to be produced at a relatively high intensity. Also, the beam divider may include elements for phase shifting one or both of the reference and test beams. 8 figs.

Medecki, H.

1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

89

E-Print Network 3.0 - abiotic factors influencing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Information Sciences 6 Evolutionary regime shifts in simulated ecosystems Hywel T. P. Williams and Timothy M. Lenton Summary: to abiotic factors, whereas the outflow removes...

90

Rates for Color Shifted Microlensing Events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If the objects responsible for gravitational microlensing (ML) of Galactic-bulge stars are faint dwarfs, then blended light from the lens will distort the shape of the ML light curve and shift the color of the observed star during the event. The resolution in current surveys is not accurate enough to observe this effect, but it should be detected with frequent and precise followup observations. We calculate the expected rates for ML events where the shape distortions will be observable by such followup observations, assuming that the lenses are ordinary main-sequence stars in a bar and in the disk. We study the dependence of the rates for color-shifted (CS) events on the frequency of followup observations and on the precision of the photometry for a variety of waveband pairings. We find that for hourly observations in $B$ and $K$ with typical photometric errors of 0.01 mag, 28\\% of the events where a main-sequence bulge star is lensed, and 7\\% of the events where the source is a bulge giant, will give rise to a measurable CS at the 95\\% confidence level. For observations in $V$ and $I$, the fractions become 18\\% and 5\\%, respectively, but may be increased to 40\\% and 13\\% by improved photometric accuracy and increased sampling frequency. We outline how the mass, distance, and transverse speed of the lens can be obtained, giving examples of typical errors. We discuss how CS events can be distinguished from events where the source is blended with a binary companion.

Ari Buchalter; Marc Kamionkowski; R. Michael Rich

1995-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

91

Recurrence-shift relations for the polynomial functions of Aldaya, Bisquert, and Navarro-Salas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a simple factorization scheme we obtain the recurrence-shift relations of the polynomial functions of Aldaya, Bisquert and Navarro-Salas (ABNS), F_n^N(\\frac\\omega c\\sqrtN x), i.e., one-step first-order differential relations referring to N, as follows. Firstly, we apply the scheme to the polynomial degree confirming the recurrence relations of Aldaya, Bisquert and Navarro-Salas, but also obtaining another slightly modified pair. Secondly, the factorization scheme is applied to the Gegenbauer polynomials to get the recurrence relations with respect to their parameter. Next, we make use of Nagel's result, showing the connection between Gegenbauer polynomials and the ABNS functions, to write down the recurrence-shift relations for the latter ones. Such relations may be used in the study of the spatial structure of pair-creation processes in an Anti-de Sitter gravitational background

H. C. Rosu; M. A. Reyes; O. Obregón

1997-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

92

Microwave generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microwave generator is provided for generating microwaves substantially from virtual cathode oscillation. Electrons are emitted from a cathode and accelerated to an anode which is spaced apart from the cathode. The anode has an annular slit there through effective to form the virtual cathode. The anode is at least one range thickness relative to electrons reflecting from the virtual cathode. A magnet is provided to produce an optimum magnetic field having the field strength effective to form an annular beam from the emitted electrons in substantial alignment with the annular anode slit. The magnetic field, however, does permit the reflected electrons to axially diverge from the annular beam. The reflected electrons are absorbed by the anode in returning to the real cathode, such that substantially no reflexing electrons occur. The resulting microwaves are produced with a single dominant mode and are substantially monochromatic relative to conventional virtual cathode microwave generators. 6 figs.

Kwan, T.J.T.; Snell, C.M.

1987-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

93

Advanced Water-Gas Shift Membrane Reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objectives for this project were: (1) to identify a suitable PdCu tri-metallic alloy membrane with high stability and commercially relevant hydrogen permeation in the presence of trace amounts of carbon monoxide and sulfur; and (2) to identify and synthesize a water gas shift catalyst with a high operating life that is sulfur and chlorine tolerant at low concentrations of these impurities. This work successfully achieved the first project objective to identify a suitable PdCu tri-metallic alloy membrane composition, Pd{sub 0.47}Cu{sub 0.52}G5{sub 0.01}, that was selected based on atomistic and thermodynamic modeling alone. The second objective was partially successful in that catalysts were identified and evaluated that can withstand sulfur in high concentrations and at high pressures, but a long operating life was not achieved at the end of the project. From the limited durability testing it appears that the best catalyst, Pt-Re/Ce{sub 0.333}Zr{sub 0.333}E4{sub 0.333}O{sub 2}, is unable to maintain a long operating life at space velocities of 200,000 h{sup -1}. The reasons for the low durability do not appear to be related to the high concentrations of H{sub 2}S, but rather due to the high operating pressure and the influence the pressure has on the WGS reaction at this space velocity.

Sean Emerson; Thomas Vanderspurt; Susanne Opalka; Rakesh Radhakrishnan; Rhonda Willigan

2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

94

Electrostatic shape-shifting ion optics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrostatic shape-shifting ion optics includes an outer electrode that defines an interior region between first and second opposed open ends. A first inner electrode is positioned within the interior region of the outer electrode at about the first open end. A second inner electrode is positioned within the interior region of the outer electrode at about the second open end. A first end cap electrode is positioned at about a first open end of the first inner electrode so that the first end cap electrode substantially encloses the first open end of the first inner electrode. A second end cap electrode is positioned at about a second open end of the second inner electrode so that the second end cap electrode substantially encloses the second open end of the second inner electrode. A voltage source operatively connected to each of the electrodes applies voltage functions to each of the electrodes to produce an electric field within an interior space enclosed by the electrodes.

Dahl, David A.; Scott, Jill R.; Appelhans, Anthony D.

2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

95

HYDROGEN PRODUCTION THROUGH WATER GAS SHIFT REACTION OVER NICKEL CATALYSTS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The progress in fuel cell technology has resulted in an increased interest towards hydrogen fuel. Consequently, water gas shift reaction has found a renewed significance.… (more)

Haryanto, Agus

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Nature of Coulomb Shifts of Nuclear Scattering Resonances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Relations determining the shift of energies and widths of scattering resonances are obtained within the method of evolution in the coupling constant. These relations generalize the well-known relations for the shift of levels in a discrete spectrum. The problem of determining the Coulomb shifts of low-energy resonances manifesting themselves in the cross section for the scattering of some light nuclei is solved. Examples that are of importance for nuclear astrophysics and examples of problems that are associated with the production of chemical elements are considered. The character of Coulomb shifts is studied within simple nuclear models. Respective numerical estimates are given, which agree satisfactorily with experimental data.

Takibayev, N.Zh. [Kazakh National Pedagogical University, Almaty (Kazakhstan)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

On the Coulomb shifts of nuclear resonances at low energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relationship between the shift of a resonance and the interacion potential is obtained in the frame of coupling constant evolution method. Analysis of the Coulomb shifts of resonance energies and widths has been carried out for nuclear cluster systems at low energies. The nature of these shifts is investigated in the examples of p, {alpha} and p,6Li scatterings. For simplicity a model using separable potentials describing two-body nuclear scattering resonances. The results of the calculation are in accordance with experimental data. In the case of the two {alpha}-particles system the relationship shows that the Coulomb shift of {alpha}, {alpha}-resonance remains small.

Takibayev, N. [Center of Basic and Ecological Research, 99-35 Abaya Ave, 480072 Almaty (Kazakhstan)

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

98

Steam Plant Operator (2nd Shift) | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Steam Plant Operator (2nd Shift) Department: Facilities Supervisor(s): Willam Gervasi Staff: L&S 5 Requisition Number: 1500061 Obtain the necessary skills and theoretical knowledge...

99

Regulated apparatus for the generation of electrical energy, such as a wind generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The invention relates to a regulated apparatus for the generation of electrical energy. A wind generator comprises a propeller having fixed blades and a generator connected by a transmission to the propeller and having sets of main and secondary brushes. The hub of the propeller comprises a rotor of an eddy-current brake whose inductor stator is supplied by a current delivered, starting from a certain speed , by the secondary brushes of the generator which are angularly shifted relative to their neutral position.

Kant, M.

1980-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Desulfurization of a coal model compound by in situ hydrogen generation through water-gas shift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TECHNIQUE 94 PAGE APPENDIX 5 TEMPERATURE PROGRAM 101 APPENDIX 6 TEMPERATURE PROFILES 104 NOTATION 112 VITA 113 1x LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE PAGE 1 Reaction Scheme or Benzothiophene (from Guin et al. Ind. Eng. Chem. Process. Dev. , 19 (1980)) 2... and Conversion 62 5 Computer Results or Non-Linear Regression Analysis 98 6 Results of Kinetic Parameters Estimation 7 Statistical Analysis Results for Temperature Profile Tl 108 8 Statistical Analysis Results f or Temperature Prof ile T2 109 9...

Kumar, Meyyappan

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Chapter 17 Eye-head Gaze shifts Oxford Handbook on Eye Movements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Chapter 17 Eye-head Gaze shifts Oxford Handbook on Eye Movements "The Neural Basis of Gaze Shifts" 1. Kinematics of eye-head gaze shifts a. Terminology for describing eye-head gaze shifts b. Variability in eye and head motion during gaze shifts c. Gaze shifts in complex environments d. Bottom

Corneil, Brian D.

102

Collective Lamb shift of superradiant cascade emissions in an atomic ensemble  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the collective Lamb shift of the cascade spontaneous emissions from an atomic ensemble driven by two-color classical fields. The correlated pair of photons (signal and idler) is generated by adiabatically driving the system with large-detuned light fields in four-wave-mixing condition. The signal photon from the upper transition of the diamond-type atomic levels is followed by the idler one which can be superradiant due to light-induced dipole-dipole interactions. We demonstrate that the collective Lamb shift of the idler photon is a cumulative effect of interaction energy, and investigate its dependence on a cylindrical geometry. Manipulating the collective frequency of cascade emissions enables frequency qubits that provide alternative robust elements in quantum network.

H. H. Jen

2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

103

Shifts of neutrino oscillation parameters in reactor antineutrino experiments with non-standard interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss reactor antineutrino oscillations with non-standard interactions (NSIs) at the neutrino production and detection processes. The neutrino oscillation probability is calculated with a parametrization of the NSI parameters by splitting them into the averages and differences of the production and detection processes respectively. The average parts induce constant shifts of the neutrino mixing angles from their true values, and the difference parts can generate the energy (and baseline) dependent corrections to the initial mass-squared differences. We stress that only the shifts of mass-squared differences are measurable in reactor antineutrino experiments. Taking Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) as an example, we analyze how NSIs influence the standard neutrino measurements and to what extent we can constrain the NSI parameters.

Yu-Feng Li; Ye-Ling Zhou

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Guidelines for Power Factor Improvement Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power factor is an indication of electrical system efficiency. Low power factor, or low system efficiency, may be due to one or more causes, including lightly loaded transformers, oversized electric motors, and harmonic-generating non-linear loads...

Massey, G. W.

105

Control of the Lamb shift by a driving field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A unitary transformation approach is used to study the energy level shift of the atom coupled to both a vacuum electromagnetic field and a driving laser. The Lamb shift of the energy levels is shown to depend on the Rabi frequency and the detuning...

Yang, Shuai; Zheng, Hang; Hong, Ran; Zhu, Shi-Yao; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Biological Water Gas Shift DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cell, and Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yields Energy in Darkness · CO supports both cell growth and ATP synthesis, in darkness · ATP can be used to regenerate more water-gas shift catalysts in darkness · Dark bioreactor simplifies reactor design, operation's comments that shift reaction can support cell growth yielding energy in darkness leading to sustained H2

107

FRACTAL TILES ASSOCIATED WITH SHIFT RADIX SYSTEMS ERIE BERTH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRACTAL TILES ASSOCIATED WITH SHIFT RADIX SYSTEMS VAL â?? ERIE BERTH â?? E, ANNE SIEGEL, WOLFGANG to fractal shapes, such as the classical Rauzy fractal and the twin dragon. These fractals turned out a collection of fractal tiles with shift radix systems. We show that for certain classes of parameters r

108

Generalized harmonic spatial coordinates and hyperbolic shift conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a generalization of the condition for harmonic spatial coordinates analogous to the generalization of the harmonic time slices introduced by Bona et al., and closely related to dynamic shift conditions recently proposed by Lindblom and Scheel, and Bona and Palenzuela. These generalized harmonic spatial coordinates imply a condition for the shift vector that has the form of an evolution equation for the shift components. We find that in order to decouple the slicing condition from the evolution equation for the shift it is necessary to use a rescaled shift vector. The initial form of the generalized harmonic shift condition is not spatially covariant, but we propose a simple way to make it fully covariant so that it can be used in coordinate systems other than Cartesian. We also analyze the effect of the shift condition proposed here on the hyperbolicity of the evolution equations of general relativity in 1+1 dimensions and 3+1 spherical symmetry, and study the possible development of blow-ups. Finally, we perform a series of numerical experiments to illustrate the behavior of this shift condition.

Miguel Alcubierre; Alejandro Corichi; José A. González; Darío Núñez; Bernd Reimann; Marcelo Salgado

2005-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

109

Theoretical surface core-level shifts for Be(0001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Core-ionization potentials (CIP's) are computed for Be(0001). Three core features are observed in corresponding photoelectron spectra, with CIP's shifted relative to the bulk core level by [minus]0.825, [minus]0.570, and [minus]0.265 eV. The computed CIP shifts for the outer and subsurface layers, [minus]0.60 and [minus]0.29 eV, respectively, agree with the latter two of these. It is surmised that the [minus]0.825-eV shift is associated with a surface defect. The negative signs of the Be(0001) surface core-level shifts do not fit into the thermochemical picture widely used to explain CIP shifts. The reason is that a core-ionized Be atom is too small to bond effectively to the remainder of the unrelaxed Be lattice.

Feibelman, P.J. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States))

1994-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Generation Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many local governments are using green power in their facilities and providing assistance to local businesses and residents to do the same. Green power is a subset of renewable energy that is produced with no GHG emissions, typically from solar, wind, geothermal, biogas, biomass, or low-impact small hydroelectric sources, includes three types of products: utility products (i.e., green power purchased from the utility through the electricity grid), renewable energy certificates (RECs), and on-site generation. Opportunities to purchase these products are increasing significantly, with annual green power market growth rates

Green Power

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

On the chaoticity of some tensor product weighted backward shift operators acting on some tensor product Fock-Bargmann spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Advances in Mathematical Physics (2011) we showed that the weighted shift $z^{p}\\frac{d^{p+1}}{dz^{p+1}}$ $(p=0, 1, 2, ...)$ acting on classical Bargmann space $\\mathbb{B}_{p}$ is chaotic operator. In Journal of Mathematical physics (2014), we constructed an chaotic weighted shift $\\mathbb{M}^{*^{p}}\\mathbb{M}^{p+1}$ $(p=0, 1, 2, ...)$ on some lattice Fock-Bargmann $\\mathbb{E}_{p}^{\\alpha}$ generated by the orthonormal basis $e_{m}^{(\\alpha,p)}(z) = e_{m}^{\\alpha} ; m=p, p+1, ...$ where $e_{m}^{\\alpha}(z) = (\\frac{2\

A. Intissar

2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

112

Improved accuracy of the NPL-CsF2 primary frequency standard: evaluation of distributed cavity phase and microwave lensing frequency shifts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We evaluate the distributed cavity phase and microwave lensing frequency shifts, which were the two largest sources of uncertainty for the NPL-CsF2 cesium fountain clock. We report measurements that confirm a detailed theoretical model of the microwave cavity fields and the frequency shifts of the clock that they produce. The model and measurements significantly reduce the distributed cavity phase uncertainty to $1.1 \\times 10^{-16}$. We derive the microwave lensing frequency shift for a cylindrical cavity with circular apertures. An analytic result with reasonable approximations is given, in addition to a full calculation that indicates a shift of $6.2 \\times 10^{-17}$. The measurements and theoretical models we report, along with improved evaluations of collisional and microwave leakage induced frequency shifts, reduce the frequency uncertainty of the NPL-CsF2 standard to $2.3 \\times 10^{-16}$, nearly a factor of two lower than its most recent complete evaluation.

Ruoxin Li; Kurt Gibble; Krzysztof Szymaniec

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

113

The slightly-enriched spectral shift control reactor. Final report, September 30, 1988--September 30, 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An advanced converter reactor design utilizing mechanical spectral shift control rods in a conventional pressurized water reactor configuration is under investigation. The design is based on the principle that a harder spectrum during the early part of the fuel cycle will result in large neutron captures in fertile {sup 238}U, which can then be burned in situ in a softer spectrum later in the cycle. Preliminary design calculations performed during FY 89 showed that the slightly-enriched spectral shift reactor design offers the benefit of substantially increased fuel resource utilization with the proven safety characteristics of the pressurized water reactor technology retained. Optimization of the fuel design and development of fuel management strategies were carried out in FY 90, along with effort to develop and validate neutronic methodology for tight-lattice configurations with hard spectra. During FY 91, the final year of the grant, the final Slightly-Enriched Spectral Shift Reactor (SESSR) design was determined, and reference design analyses were performed for the assemblies as well as the global core configuration, both at the beginning of cycle (BOC) and with depletion. The final SESSR design results in approximately a 20% increase in the utilization of uranium resources, based on equilibrium fuel cycle analyses. Acceptable pin power peaking is obtained with the final core design, with assembly peaking factors equal to less than 1.04 for spectral shift control rods both inserted and withdrawn, and global peaking factors at BOC predicted to be 1.4. In addition, a negative Moderation Temperature Coefficient (MTC) is maintained for BOC, which is difficult to achieve with conventional advanced converter designs based on a closed fuel cycle. The SESSR design avoids the need for burnable poison absorber, although they could be added if desired to increase the cycle length while maintaining a negative MTC.

Martin, W.R.; Lee, J.C.; Larsen, E.W. [Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Edlund, M.C. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Shift mechanism for change-speed gearing in power transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a shift mechanism for a change-speed gearing in a power transmission, comprising: an actuator mounted on a support structure; a shift rod axially slidably carried on the support structure and operatively connected at a first end for reciprocating movement; means for selectively establishing a drive power gear train in response to the reciprocating movement where the support structure is formed at one side with a cylindrical portion is formed axially to contain a second end of the shift rod; a plug detachably threaded into the cylindrical portion of the support structure so as to close the axial bore, a coil spring disposed within the axial bore of the cylindrical portion and arranged in surrounding relationship with the shift rod in such a manner as to permit unbiased reciprocating movement of the shift rod within the coil spring; and a retainer interposed between the coil spring and the plug in such a manner that the coil spring is compressed by engagement at a first end. The inner end of the axial bore and second end are with the retainer; further arranged to be engaged with the second end of the shift rod when the plug is removed and fastened again in place. The coil spring is arranged to retain the shift rod in a rearward position when interposed between the retainer and the plug.

Ida, S.; Shimizu, K.; Hotta, J.

1987-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

115

Isotope shift in the sulfur electron affinity: Observation and theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sulfur electron affinities {sup e}A(S) are measured by photodetachment microscopy for the two isotopes {sup 32}S and {sup 34}S (16 752.975 3(41) and 16 752.977 6(85) cm{sup -1}, respectively). The isotope shift in the electron affinity is found to be more probably positive, {sup e}A({sup 34}S)- {sup e}A({sup 32}S) =+0.0023(70) cm{sup -1}, but the uncertainty allows for the possibility that it may be either ''normal''[{sup e}A({sup 34}S) > {sup e}A({sup 32}S)] or ''anomalous''[{sup e}A({sup 34}S) < {sup e}A({sup 32}S)]. The isotope shift is estimated theoretically using elaborate correlation models, monitoring the electron affinity and the mass polarization term expectation value. The theoretical analysis predicts a very large specific mass shift (SMS) that counterbalances the normal mass shift (NMS) and produces an anomalous isotope shift {sup e}A({sup 34}S)- {sup e}A({sup 32}S) =-0.0053(24) cm{sup -1}, field shift corrections included. The total isotope shift can always be written as the sum of the NMS (here +0.0169 cm{sup -1}) and a residual isotope shift (RIS). Since the NMS has nearly no uncertainty, the comparison between experimental and theoretical RIS is more fair. With respective values of -0.0146(70) cm{sup -1} and -0.0222(24) cm{sup -1}, these residual isotope shifts are found to agree within the estimated uncertainties.

Carette, Thomas; Scharf, Oliver; Godefroid, Michel [Chimie Quantique et Photophysique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles - CP160/09, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Drag, Cyril; Blondel, Christophe; Delsart, Christian [Laboratoire Aime-Cotton, CNRS, Universite Paris-sud, F-91405 Orsay cedex (France); Froese Fischer, Charlotte [National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8420 (United States)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Lamb shift enhancement and detection in strongly driven superconducting circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that strong driving of a quantum system substantially enhances the Lamb shift induced by broadband reservoirs which are typical for solid-state devices. By varying drive parameters the impact of environmental vacuum fluctuations with continuous spectral distribution onto system observables can be tuned in a distinctive way. This provides experimentally feasible measurement schemes for the Lamb shift in superconducting circuits based on Cooper pair boxes, where it can be detected either in shifted dressed transition frequencies or in pumped charge currents.

Vera Gramich; Simone Gasparinetti; Paolo Solinas; Joachim Ankerhold

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

117

Detection of a small shift in a broad distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical methods for the extraction of a small shift in broad data distributions are examined by means of Monte Carlo simulations. This work was originally motivated by the CERN neutrino beam to Gran Sasso (CNGS) experiment for which the OPERA detector collaboration reported a time shift in a broad distribution with an accuracy of $\\pm 7.8\\,$ns, while the fluctuation of the average time turns with $\\pm 23.8\\,$ns out to be much larger. Although the physical result of a big shift has been withdrawn, statistical methods that make an identification in a broad distribution with such a small error possible remain of interest.

Bernd A. Berg

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

118

Electric dipole moment searches: Effect of linear electric field frequency shifts induced in confined gases, II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The next generation of particle edm searches will be at such a high sensitivity that it will be possible for the results to be contaminated by a systematic error resulting from the interaction of the motional (E x v/c) magnetic field with stray field gradients. In this paper we extend previous work to present an analytic form for the frequency shift in the case of a rectangular storage vessel and discuss the implications of the result for the neutron edm experiment which will be installed at the SNS (Spallation Neutron Source) by the LANL collaboration

R. Golub; C. M. Swank; S. K. Lamoreaux

2009-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

119

Submersible Generator for Marine Hydrokinetics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A submersible generator was designed as a distinct and critical subassembly of marine hydrokinetics systems, specifically tidal and stream energy conversion. The generator is designed to work with both vertical and horizontal axis turbines. The final product is a high-pole-count, radial-flux, permanent magnet, rim mounted generator, initially rated at twenty kilowatts in a two-meter-per-second flow, and designed to leverage established and simple manufacturing processes. The generator was designed to work with a 3 meter by 7 meter Gorlov Helical Turbine or a marine hydrokinetic version of the FloDesign wind turbine. The team consisted of experienced motor/generator design engineers with cooperation from major US component suppliers (magnetics, coil winding and electrical steel laminations). Support for this effort was provided by Lucid Energy Technologies and FloDesign, Inc. The following tasks were completed: � Identified the conditions and requirements for MHK generators. � Defined a methodology for sizing and rating MHK systems. � Selected an MHK generator topology and form factor. � Completed electromechanical design of submersible generator capable of coupling to multiple turbine styles. � Investigated MHK generator manufacturing requirements. � Reviewed cost implications and financial viability. � Completed final reporting and deliverables

Robert S. Cinq-Mars; Timothy Burke; Dr. James Irish; Brian Gustafson; Dr. James Kirtley; Dr. Aiman Alawa

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Thermoelectric generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermoelectric generator unit is described comprising: a hot side heat exchanger including a plate having extruded retention posts projecting from one surface of the plate, and fins adapted for contact with a heating source. The fins are positioned between two of the retention posts. Retention rods are inserted between the retention posts and the base of the fins to retain the fin in thermal contact with the plate surface upon insertion of the retention rod between the engaging surface of the post and the corresponding fin. Thermoelectric semi-conductor modules are in thermal contact with the opposite side of the hot side heat exchanger plate from the contact with the fins. The modules are arranged in a grid pattern so that heat flow is directed into each of the modules from the hot side heat exchanger. The modules are connected electrically so as to combine their electrical output; and a cold side heat exchanger is in thermal contact with the modules acting as a heat sink on the opposite side of the module from the hot side heat exchanger plate so as to produce a thermal gradient across the modules.

Shakun, W.; Bearden, J.H.; Henderson, D.R.

1988-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Pervasive poleward shifts among North American bird species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate change is expected to influence species’ geographic distributions in the form of poleward and upward range expansion combined with extirpations from the equatorial and downslope sides of the distribution, but such shifts observed to date...

Peterson, A. Townsend; Martí nez-Meyer, Enrique

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Tackling the blackbody shift in a strontium optical lattice clock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A major obstacle for optical clocks is the frequency shift due to black body radiation. We discuss how one can tackle this problem in an optical lattice clock; in our case 87-Sr: firstly, by a measurement of the dc Stark shift of the clock transition and, secondly, by interrogating the atoms in a cryogenic environment. Both approaches rely on transporting ultracold atoms over several cm within a probe cycle. We evaluate this approach of mechanically moving the optical lattice and conclude that it is feasible to transport the atoms over 50 mm within 300 ms. With this transport a dc Stark shift measurement will allow to reduce the contribution of the blackbody radiation to the fractional uncertainty below 2 Ã? 10^â??17 at room temperature by improving the shift coefficient known only from atomic structure calculations up to now. We propose a cryogenic environment at 77 K that will reduce this contribution to few parts in 10^â??18.

Middelmann, Thomas; Falke, Stephan; Winfred, Joseph S R Vellore; Riehle, Fritz; Sterr, Uwe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Tackling the blackbody shift in a strontium optical lattice clock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A major obstacle for optical clocks is the frequency shift due to black body radiation. We discuss how one can tackle this problem in an optical lattice clock; in our case 87-Sr: firstly, by a measurement of the dc Stark shift of the clock transition and, secondly, by interrogating the atoms in a cryogenic environment. Both approaches rely on transporting ultracold atoms over several cm within a probe cycle. We evaluate this approach of mechanically moving the optical lattice and conclude that it is feasible to transport the atoms over 50 mm within 300 ms. With this transport a dc Stark shift measurement will allow to reduce the contribution of the blackbody radiation to the fractional uncertainty below 2 * 10^-17 at room temperature by improving the shift coefficient known only from atomic structure calculations up to now. We propose a cryogenic environment at 77 K that will reduce this contribution to few parts in 10^-18.

Thomas Middelmann; Christian Lisdat; Stephan Falke; Joseph S. R. Vellore Winfred; Fritz Riehle; Uwe Sterr

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

124

Pace of shifts in climate regions increases with global temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human-induced climate change causes significant changes in local climates, which in turn lead to changes in regional climate zones. Large shifts in the world distribution of Köppen–Geiger climate classifications by the end ...

Mahlstein, Irina

125

Communicating 21st century statecraft: Evaluating the paradigm shift argument  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's criterion for paradigm shift in communications technology and diplomacy, I evaluated State's current program of social media and public diplomacy called 21st Century Statecraft. I conducted a content analysis of organizational Twitter feeds and also...

Chinn, Jacquelyn Nicole

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

126

Introduction Minimal generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Minimal generation Random generation Minimal and probabilistic generation of finite generation of finite groups #12;Introduction Minimal generation Random generation Some motivation Let x1 random elements of G = x1, . . . , xk . (G is the group generated by x1, . . . , xk : all possible

St Andrews, University of

127

Task 1.5 Genomic Shift and Drift Trends of Emerging Pathogens  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Bioinformatics group has recently taken on a role in DTRA's Transformation Medical Technologies Initiative (TMTI). The high-level goal of TMTI is to accelerate the development of broad-spectrum countermeasures. To achieve those goals, TMTI has a near term need to conduct analyses of genomic shift and drift trends of emerging pathogens, with a focused eye on select agent pathogens, as well as antibiotic and virulence markers. Most emerging human pathogens are zoonotic viruses with a genome composed of RNA. The high mutation rate of the replication enzymes of RNA viruses contributes to sequence drift and provides one mechanism for these viruses to adapt to diverse hosts (interspecies transmission events) and cause new human and zoonotic diseases. Additionally, new viral pathogens frequently emerge due to genetic shift (recombination and segment reassortment) which allows for dramatic genotypic and phenotypic changes to occur rapidly. Bacterial pathogens also evolve via genetic drift and shift, although sequence drift generally occurs at a much slower rate for bacteria as compared to RNA viruses. However, genetic shift such as lateral gene transfer and inter- and intragenomic recombination enables bacteria to rapidly acquire new mechanisms of survival and antibiotic resistance. New technologies such as rapid whole genome sequencing of bacterial genomes, ultra-deep sequencing of RNA virus populations, metagenomic studies of environments rich in antibiotic resistance genes, and the use of microarrays for the detection and characterization of emerging pathogens provide mechanisms to address the challenges posed by the rapid emergence of pathogens. Bioinformatic algorithms that enable efficient analysis of the massive amounts of data generated by these technologies as well computational modeling of protein structures and evolutionary processes need to be developed to allow the technology to fulfill its potential.

Borucki, M

2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

128

Analysis of the Newton-Sabatier scheme for inverting fixed-energy phase shifts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is proved that the Newton-Sabatier (NS) procedure does not solve the inverse scattering problem with fixed-energy data and is not a valid inversion method, in the following sense: 1) the basic integral equation, introduced by R. Newton without derivation, in general, may be not solvable for some $r>0$, and in this case NS procedure breaks down: it produces a potential which is not locally integrable. 2) the ansatz $(\\ast)$ $K(r,s) = \\sum^\\infty_{l=0} c_l \\phi_l (r) u_l (s)$, used by R. Newton, is incorrect: the transformation operator $I-K$, corresponding to a generic does not have $K$ of the form $(\\ast),$ and 3) the set of potentials $q \\in L_{1,1},$ that can possibly be obtained by NS procedure, is not dense in the set of all $L_{1,1}$ potentials in the norm of $L_{1,1}$. Therefore one cannot justify NS procedure even for approximate solution of the inverse scattering problem with fixed-energy phase shifts as data. Thus, the NS procedure, if considered as a method for solving the inverse scattering problem, is based on an incorrect ansatz, the basic integral equation of NS procedure is, in general, not solvable for some $r>0$, and in this case this procedure breaks down, and NS procedure is not an inversion theory: it cannot recover generic potentials $q \\in L_{1,1}$ from their fixed-energy phase shifts. Suppose now that one considers another problem: given fixed-energy phase shifts, corresponding to some potential, find a potential which generates the same phase shifts. Then NS procedure does not solve this problem either: the basic integral equation, in general, may be not solvable for some $r>0$, and then NS procedure breaks down.

A. G. Ramm

2001-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

129

Second-and third-harmonic generation with vector Gaussian beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Second- and third-harmonic generation with vector Gaussian beams Silvia Carrasco Department-harmonic generation (THG) in a nonlinear optical crystal illuminated by a vector Gaussian beam, i.e., a Gaussian beam phase shift of the transverse component and vanishes at points on the beam axis. Harmonic generation

Teich, Malvin C.

130

Applying epoch-era analysis for homeowner selection of distributed generation power systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current shift from centralized energy generation to a more distributed model has opened a number of choices for homeowners to provide their own power. While there are a number of systems to purchase, there are no tools ...

Piña, Alexander L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Design of a pneumatically assisted shifting system for Formula SAE® racing applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An improved shifting system for use with the MIT Formula SAE race car was designed in order to provide drivers with a faster and easier means of shifting. The result of this design was a pneumatic shifting system weighing ...

Kennett, Andrew J. (Andrew John)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

PdZnAl Catalysts for the Reactions of Water-Gas-Shift, Methanol...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PdZnAl Catalysts for the Reactions of Water-Gas-Shift, Methanol Steam Reforming, and Reverse-Water-Gas-Shift. PdZnAl Catalysts for the Reactions of Water-Gas-Shift, Methanol Steam...

133

Observation of the Goos-Haenchen Shift with Neutrons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Goos-Haenchen effect is a spatial shift along an interface resulting from an interference effect that occurs for total internal reflection. This phenomenon was suggested by Sir Isaac Newton, but it was not until 1947 that the effect was experimentally observed by Goos and Haenchen. We provide the first direct, absolute, experimental determination of the Goos-Haenchen shift for a particle experiencing a potential well as required by quantum mechanics: namely, wave-particle duality. Here, the particle is a spin-polarized neutron reflecting from a film of magnetized material. We detect the effect through a subtle change in polarization of the neutron. Here, we demonstrate, through experiment and theory, that neutrons do exhibit the Goos-Haenchen effect and postulate that the associated time shift should also be observable.

Haan, Victor-O. de; Plomp, Jeroen; Rekveldt, Theo M.; Kraan, Wicher H.; Well, Ad A. van; Dalgliesh, Robert M.; Langridge, Sean [Department Radiation, Radionuclides and Reactors, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands); STFC, ISIS, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

134

Guide to good practices for shift routines and operating practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, ``Shift Routines and Operating Practices,`` Chapter 2 of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing shift routines and operating practices. ``Shift Routines and Operating Practices`` is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a high standard of professional conduct and sound operating practices to promote safe and efficient operations. Recently, guidance pertaining to this element has been strengthened for nuclear power reactors. This additional guidance is given in Appendix C for information purposes. Though this guidance and good practices pertain to nuclear power reactors, DOE sites may choose to use a graded approach for implementing these in nuclear facilities.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Guide to good practices for shift routines and operating practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Shift Routines and Operating Practices, Chapter H of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.'' The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing shift routines and operating practices. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Shift Routines and Operating Practices'' is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a high standard of professional conduct and sound operating practices to promote safe and efficient operations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Guide to good practices for shift routines and operating practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Shift Routines and Operating Practices, Chapter H of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, ``Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.`` The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing shift routines and operating practices. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. ``Shift Routines and Operating Practices`` is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a high standard of professional conduct and sound operating practices to promote safe and efficient operations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Resonance frequency shift of strongly heated micro-cantilevers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In optical detection setups to measure the deflection of micro-cantilevers, part of the sensing light is absorbed, heating the mechanical probe. We present experimental evidences of a frequency shift of the resonant modes of a cantilever when the light power of the optical measurement set-up is increased. This frequency shift is a signature of the temperature rise, and presents a dependence on the mode number. An analytical model is derived to take into account the temperature profile along the cantilever, it shows that the frequency shifts are given by an average of the profile weighted by the local curvature for each resonant mode. We apply this framework to measurements in vacuum and demonstrate that huge temperatures can be reached with moderate light intensities: a thousand {\\textdegree}C with little more than 10 mW. We finally present some insight into the physical phenomena when the cantilever is in air instead of vacuum.

Sandoval, Felipe Aguilar; Bertin, Éric; Bellon, Ludovic

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Nature of the Frequency Shift of Hydrogen Valence Vibrations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The physical nature of a frequency shift of hydrogen valence vibrations in a water molecule due to its interaction with neighbor molecules has been studied. Electrostatic forces connected with the multipole moments of molecules are supposed to give a dominating contribution to the intermolecular interaction. The frequency shift was calculated in the case where two neighbor molecules form a dimer. The obtained result is in qualitative agreement with the frequency shifts observed for water vapor, hexagonal ice, and liquid water, as well as for aqueous solutions of alcohols. This fact testifies to the electrostatic nature of H-bonds used to describe both the specific features of the intermolecular interaction in water and the macroscopic properties of the latter.

Zhyganiuk, I V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

System for computer controlled shifting of an automatic transmission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In an automotive vehicle having an automatic transmission that driveably connects a power source to the driving wheels, a method to control the application of hydraulic pressure to a clutch, whose engagement produces an upshift and whose disengagement produces a downshift, the speed of the power source, and the output torque of the transmission. The transmission output shaft torque and the power source speed are the controlled variables. The commanded power source torque and commanded hydraulic pressure supplied to the clutch are the control variables. A mathematical model is formulated that describes the kinematics and dynamics of the powertrain before, during and after a gear shift. The model represents the operating characteristics of each component and the structural arrangement of the components within the transmission being controlled. Next, a close loop feedback control is developed to determine the proper control law or compensation strategy to achieve an acceptably smooth gear ratio change, one in which the output torque disturbance is kept to a minimum and the duration of the shift is minimized. Then a computer algorithm simulating the shift dynamics employing the mathematical model is used to study the effects of changes in the values of the parameters established from a closed loop control of the clutch hydraulic and the power source torque on the shift quality. This computer simulation is used also to establish possible shift control strategies. The shift strategies determine from the prior step are reduced to an algorithm executed by a computer to control the operation of the power source and the transmission.

Patil, Prabhakar B. (Detroit, MI)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Understanding and Managing Generation Y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are four generations in the workplace today; they consist of the Silent Generation, Baby Boom Generation, Generation X, and Generation Y. Generation Y, being the newest generation, is the least understood generation although marketers...

Wallace, Kevin

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Method and apparatus for executing a shift in a hybrid transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for executing a transmission shift in a hybrid transmission including first and second electric machines includes executing a shift-through-neutral sequence from an initial transmission state to a target transmission state including executing an intermediate shift to neutral. Upon detecting a change in an output torque request while executing the shift-through-neutral sequence, possible recovery shift paths are identified. Available ones of the possible recovery shift paths are identified and a shift cost for each said available recovery shift path is evaluated. The available recovery shift path having a minimum shift cost is selected as a preferred recovery shift path and is executed to achieve a non-neutral transmission state.

Gupta, Pinaki; Kaminsky, Lawrence A; Demirovic, Besim

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

142

Reaction-Relevant Gold Structures in the Low Temperature Water-Gas Shift Reaction on Weiling Deng, Anatoly I. Frenkel, Rui Si, and Maria Flytzani-Stephanopoulos*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cell and other uses. Highly active and stable WGS catalysts are required for integration in fuel cell systems.1 The commercially used WGS catalyst in chemical plants, Cu-ZnO, is unsuitable for fuel cell The water-gas shift (WGS) reaction is a key step in fuel processing to generate high-grade hydrogen for fuel

Frenkel, Anatoly

143

A 6 kV arbitrary waveform generator for the Tevatron Electron Lens  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

This paper reports on a 6 kV modulator built and installed at Fermilab to drive the electron gun anode for the Tevatron Electron Lens (TEL). The TEL was built with the intention of shifting the individual (anti)proton bunch tunes to even out the tune spread among all 36 bunches with the desire of improving Tevatron integrated luminosity. This modulator is essentially a 6 kV arbitrary waveform generator that enables the TEL to define the electron beam intensity on a bunch-by-bunch basis. A voltage waveform is constructed having a 7 {micro}s duration that corresponds to the tune shift requirements of a 12-bunch (anti)proton beam pulse train. This waveform is played out for any one or all three bunch trains in the Tevatron. The programmed waveform voltages transition to different levels at time intervals corresponding to the 395 ns bunch spacing. Thus, complex voltage waveforms can be played out at a sustained rate of 143 kHz over the full 6 kV output range. This paper describes the novel design of the inductive adder topology employing five transformers. It describes the design aspects that minimize switching losses for this multi-kilovolt, high repetition rate and high duty factor application.

Pfeffer, H; Saewert, G

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Google Energy's Shift into Renewables case 1-429-226  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Google Energy's Shift into Renewables case 1-429-226 April 3, 2012 Published by Globa With the green light from co-founder and CEO Larry Page to expand, the team from Google Energy, a recently created subsidiary, sat down to discuss the company's renewable energy investment strategy.1 Google Energy

Edwards, Paul N.

145

Solar Supergranulation Waves Detected in Surface Doppler Shift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently Gizon, Duvall and Schou (2002) suggested that supergranulation has a wave-like component. In this paper I show that the same phenomenon can be observed using surface Doppler shift data, thereby confirming their observations. I am also able to measure the dispersion relation to lower wavenumbers and to extend the results for rotation and meridional flows beyond +/-70 degrees latitude.

J. Schou

2002-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

146

Climatic regime shift and decadal anomalous events in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climatic regime shift and decadal anomalous events in China Weihong Qian & Xiang Lin & Yafen Zhu from China showed temporal and regional patterns in the last two to three centuries, including two. The coldest event occurred in the decade of 1965­1975 in eastern China, while the periods of 1920­1930, 1940

Qian, Weihong

147

Genetic shift in photoperiodic response correlated with global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Genetic shift in photoperiodic response correlated with global warming William E. Bradshaw observed in insects, birds, amphibians, and plants associated with global warm- ing during the latter half- tent with an adaptive evolutionary response to recent global warming. The latter half of the 20th

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

148

Hydrogen Raman shifts in carbon nanotubes from molecular dynamics simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen Raman shifts in carbon nanotubes from molecular dynamics simulation S.J.V. Frankland *, D hydrogen in individual single-shell carbon nanotubes and nanotube ropes using a semiclassical model. The calculations predict that isolated hydrogen molecules inside of nanotubes have a Raman frequency that increases

Brenner, Donald W.

149

TECHNICAL ADVANCES Dye shift: a neglected source of genotyping error in molecular  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TECHNICAL ADVANCES Dye shift: a neglected source of genotyping error in molecular ecology JOLENE T for genotyping error, yet potential errors stemming from dye-induced mobility shift (dye shift) may be frequently left uncorrected, dye shift can lead to mis-scoring alleles and even to fal- sely calling new alleles

Jamieson, Ian

150

Which beta-shifts have a largest invariant measure? Vasso Anagnostopoulou & Oliver Jenkinson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Which beta-shifts have a largest invariant measure? Vasso Anagnostopoulou & Oliver Jenkinson Abstract. For a given beta-shift, the lexicographic order induces a partial order (known as first beta-shifts for which this partial order has a largest element. These beta-shifts are all of finite

Jenkinson, Oliver

151

Chemical Shifts in X-ray and Photo-Electron Spectroscopy: A Historical review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical Shifts in X-ray and Photo-Electron Spectroscopy: A Historical review Ingvar Lindgren 1 Introduction 2 2 Chemical shift in X-ray spectroscopy 2 2.1 Discovery of the chemical shift in X-ray spectroscopy . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.2 Interpretation of the chemical shift in X-ray spectroscopy

Lindgren, Ingvar

152

Isotope mass shift for two-electron atoms Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, 188300, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 188300, Russia (Dated: 29 April 2004) Accurate calculations of the isotope shift for atomic transitions

Kozlov, Mikhail G

153

Isotope mass shift for two-electron atoms II Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, 188300, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Gatchina, 188300, Russia (Dated: 31 October 2006) Accurate calculations of the isotope shift for atomic

Kozlov, Mikhail G

154

On the dispersion management of fluorite whispering-gallery mode resonators for Kerr optical frequency comb generation in the telecom and mid-infrared range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators have been very attracting platforms for versatile Kerr frequency comb generations. We report a systematic study on the material dispersion of various optical materials that are capable of supporting quality factors above $10^9$. Using an analytical approximation of WGM resonant frequencies in disk resonators, we investigate the effect of the geometry and transverse mode order on the total group-velocity dispersion ($GVD$). We demonstrate that the major radii and the radial mode indices play an important role in tailoring the $GVD$ of WGM resonators. In particular, our study shows that in WGM disk-resonators, the polar families of modes have very similar $GVD$, while the radial families of modes feature dispersion values that can differ by up to several orders of magnitude. The effect of these giant dispersion shifts are experimentally evidenced in Kerr comb generation with magnesium fluoride. From a more general perspective, this critical feature enables to pus...

Lin, Guoping

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Generation gaps in engineering?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is much enthusiastic debate on the topic of generation gaps in the workplace today; what the generational differences are, how to address the apparent challenges, and if the generations themselves are even real. ...

Kim, David J. (David Jinwoo)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

CONSULTANT REPORT DISTRIBUTED GENERATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSULTANT REPORT DISTRIBUTED GENERATION INTEGRATION COST STUDY Analytical Framework energy development, or distributed generation, in California. In May 2012, Southern California Edison Southern California Edison's approach to evaluating distributed generation impacts, and to conduct

157

Small Generator Aggregation (Maine)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This section establishes requirements for electricity providers to purchase electricity from small generators, with the goal of ensuring that small electricity generators (those with a nameplate...

158

Next Generation Reactors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nuclear Advances We are coordinating the Generation IV Nuclear Systems Initiative - an international effort to develop the next generation of nuclear power reactors. Skip...

159

Concentrated Solar Power Generation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Solar power generation is the most promising technology to transfer energy consumption reliance from fossil fuel to renewable sources. Concentrated solar power generation is a… (more)

Jin, Zhilei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Environmental factors affecting planktonic foraminifera abundance and distribution in the Northeast Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shift in the species abundances and depths occurred between eddies. Species occurred where physical factors were compatible with conditions and feeding opportunities they were adapted to. Three species pink and white Globigerinoides ruber...

Ravula, Sharath Reddy

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

NEXT GENERATION GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS STUDY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation has conducted a study of Next Generation Gas Turbine Systems that embraces the goals of the DOE's High Efficiency Engines and Turbines and Vision 21 programs. The Siemens Westinghouse Next Generation Gas Turbine (NGGT) Systems program was a 24-month study looking at the feasibility of a NGGT for the emerging deregulated distributed generation market. Initial efforts focused on a modular gas turbine using an innovative blend of proven technologies from the Siemens Westinghouse W501 series of gas turbines and new enabling technologies to serve a wide variety of applications. The flexibility to serve both 50-Hz and 60-Hz applications, use a wide range of fuels and be configured for peaking, intermediate and base load duty cycles was the ultimate goal. As the study progressed the emphasis shifted from a flexible gas turbine system of a specific size to a broader gas turbine technology focus. This shift in direction allowed for greater placement of technology among both the existing fleet and new engine designs, regardless of size, and will ultimately provide for greater public benefit. This report describes the study efforts and provides the resultant conclusions and recommendations for future technology development in collaboration with the DOE.

Benjamin C. Wiant; Ihor S. Diakunchak; Dennis A. Horazak; Harry T. Morehead

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Time-shift attack in practical quantum cryptosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, a new type of attack, which exploits the efficiency mismatch of two single photon detectors (SPD) in a quantum key distribution (QKD) system, has been proposed. In this paper, we propose another "time-shift" attack that exploits the same imperfection. In our attack, Eve shifts the arrival time of either the signal pulse or the synchronization pulse or both between Alice and Bob. In particular, in a QKD system where Bob employs time-multiplexing technique to detect both bit "0" and bit "1" with the same SPD, Eve, in principle, could acquire full information on the final key without introducing any error. Finally, we discuss some counter measures against our and earlier attacks.

Bing Qi; Chi-Hang Fred Fung; Hoi-Kwong Lo; Xiongfeng Ma

2006-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

163

Three dimensional imaging detector employing wavelength-shifting optical fibers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel detector element structure and method for its use is provided. In a preferred embodiment, one or more inorganic scintillating crystals are coupled through wavelength shifting optical fibers (WLSFs) to position sensitive photomultipliers (PS-PMTs). The superior detector configuration in accordance with this invention is designed for an array of applications in high spatial resolution gamma ray sensing with particular application to SPECT, PET and PVI imaging systems. The design provides better position resolution than prior art devices at a lower total cost. By employing wavelength shifting fibers (WLSFs), the sensor configuration of this invention can operate with a significant reduction in the number of photomultipliers and electronics channels, while potentially improving the resolution of the system by allowing three dimensional reconstruction of energy deposition positions.

Worstell, William A. (Framingham, MA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Three dimensional imaging detector employing wavelength-shifting optical fibers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel detector element structure and method for its use is provided. In a preferred embodiment, one or more inorganic scintillating crystals are coupled through wavelength shifting optical fibers (WLSFs) to position sensitive photomultipliers (PS-PMTs). The superior detector configuration in accordance with this invention is designed for an array of applications in high spatial resolution gamma ray sensing with particular application to SPECT, PET and PVI imaging systems. The design provides better position resolution than prior art devices at a lower total cost. By employing wavelength shifting fibers (WLSFs), the sensor configuration of this invention can operate with a significant reduction in the number of photomultipliers and electronics channels, while potentially improving the resolution of the system by allowing three dimensional reconstruction of energy deposition positions. 11 figs.

Worstell, W.A.

1997-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

165

The muonic hydrogen Lamb shift and the proton radius  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We obtain a model independent expression for the muonic hydrogen Lamb shift up to $\\mathcal O (m_\\mu \\alpha^6, m_\\mu \\alpha^5 \\frac{m_\\mu^2}{m_\\rho^2})$. The hadronic effects are controlled by the chiral theory, which allows for their model independent determination. We give their complete expression including the pion and Delta particles. Out of this analysis and the experimental measurement of the muonic hydrogen Lamb shift we determine the electromagnetic proton radius: $r_p$=0.8412(15) fm. This number is at 6.8$\\sigma$ variance with respect to the CODATA value. The parametric control of the uncertainties allows us to obtain a model independent determination of the error, which is dominated by hadronic effects.

Clara Peset

2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

166

Phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer grating designs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer, by sending the zeroth-order diffraction to the reference pinhole of the mask and the first-order diffraction to the test beam window of the mask, the test and reference beam intensities can be balanced and the fringe contrast improved. Additionally, using a duty cycle of the diffraction grating other than 50%, the fringe contrast can also be improved.

Naulleau, Patrick (Oakland, CA); Goldberg, Kenneth Alan (Berkeley, CA); Tejnil, Edita (San Carlos, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Self-induced ac Stark shift in lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ac Stark effect is a well-known, well-established effect associated with the displacement of the atomic energy levels in the presence of an electromagnetic (e.m.) field. As the origin of the e.m. field is irrelevant, a self-induced ac Stark effect should be present in a laser. However, not only has this effect never been reported but it is not included in any laser model. Here, we show that a self-induced ac Stark shift does exist in the theoretical description of a two-level laser, provided that the reduced equations are derived not from the rotating-wave approximation, but from the full density matrix formulation. Interesting fundamental consequences are discussed and quantitative estimates of the self-induced frequency shift resulting from the laser field's ac Stark shift are obtained for a variety of lasers. We find that the effect is generally small but (at least in some cases) measurable and that the transfer of laser amplitude noise into frequency noise may play a role in future, ultrahigh-precision metrological applications.

Gil, L.; Lippi, G. L. [Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, Institut Non Lineaire de Nice, and CNRS, UMR 6618 1361 Route des Lucioles, F-06560 Valbonne (France)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

168

The Feynman-Y Statistic in Relation to Shift-Register Neutron Coincidence Counting: Precision and Dead Time  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Feynman-Y statistic is a type of autocorrelation analysis. It is defined as the excess variance-to-mean ratio, Y = VMR - 1, of the number count distribution formed by sampling a pulse train using a series of non-overlapping gates. It is a measure of the degree of correlation present on the pulse train with Y = 0 for Poisson data. In the context of neutron coincidence counting we show that the same information can be obtained from the accidentals histogram acquired using the multiplicity shift-register method, which is currently the common autocorrelation technique applied in nuclear safeguards. In the case of multiplicity shift register analysis however, overlapping gates, either triggered by the incoming pulse stream or by a periodic clock, are used. The overlap introduces additional covariance but does not alter the expectation values. In this paper we discuss, for a particular data set, the relative merit of the Feynman and shift-register methods in terms of both precision and dead time correction. Traditionally the Feynman approach is applied with a relatively long gate width compared to the dieaway time. The main reason for this is so that the gate utilization factor can be taken as unity rather than being treated as a system parameter to be determined at characterization/calibration. But because the random trigger interval gate utilization factor is slow to saturate this procedure requires a gate width many times the effective 1/e dieaway time. In the traditional approach this limits the number of gates that can be fitted into a given assay duration. We empirically show that much shorter gates, similar in width to those used in traditional shift register analysis can be used. Because the way in which the correlated information present on the pulse train is extracted is different for the moments based method of Feynman and the various shift register based approaches, the dead time losses are manifested differently for these two approaches. The resulting estimates for the dead time corrected first and second order reduced factorial moments should be independent of the method however and this allows the respective dead time formalism to be checked. We discuss how to make dead time corrections in both the shift register and the Feynman approaches.

Croft, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Santi, Peter A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Henzlova, Daniela [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hauck, Danielle K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Favalli, Andrea [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

169

ENERGY GENERATION RESEARCH PIER Energy Generation Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY GENERATION RESEARCH PIER Energy Generation Research www.energy.ca.gov/research/ renewable/ November 2010 Sonoma County RESCO A Local Level Approach to Renewable Energy Portfolios. The Issue To address energy usage that contributes to climate change, California has enacted legislation to guide

170

Gamma ray generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An embodiment of a gamma ray generator includes a neutron generator and a moderator. The moderator is coupled to the neutron generator. The moderator includes a neutron capture material. In operation, the neutron generator produces neutrons and the neutron capture material captures at least some of the neutrons to produces gamma rays. An application of the gamma ray generator is as a source of gamma rays for calibration of gamma ray detectors.

Firestone, Richard B; Reijonen, Jani

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

171

Generation to Generation: The Heart of Family Medicine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ageism in the Workplace. Generations Spring, 5. Westman,of caring for multiple generations simultaneously. StronglyGeneration to Generation: The Heart of Family Medicine

Winter, Robin O

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Cylindrical neutron generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cylindrical neutron generator is formed with a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical neutron generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which contain many slots. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360.degree. and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired. The plasma generator may be in the center and the neutron target on the outside, or the plasma generator may be on the outside and the target on the inside. In a nested configuration, several concentric targets and plasma generating regions are nested to increase the neutron flux.

Leung, Ka-Ngo

2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

173

Cylindrical neutron generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cylindrical neutron generator is formed with a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical neutron generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which contain many slots. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360.degree. and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired. The plasma generator may be in the center and the neutron target on the outside, or the plasma generator may be on the outside and the target on the inside. In a nested configuration, several concentric targets and plasma generating regions are nested to increase the neutron flux.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA)

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

174

Cylindrical neutron generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cylindrical neutron generator is formed with a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical neutron generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which contain many slots. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360.degree. and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired. The plasma generator may be in the center and the neutron target on the outside, or the plasma generator may be on the outside and the target on the inside. In a nested configuration, several concentric targets and plasma generating regions are nested to increase the neutron flux.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA)

2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

175

Coherent control of the Goos-Hanchen shift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

group index Nrg and GH shift Sr/? on the driving field Rabi frequency d/? in the three-level atomic system. This is again in agreement with our earlier observations in Fig. 3(a). V. CONCLUSION We have used three-level and four-level atomic systems.... The cavity is a stratified medium consisting of three layers, labelled 1, 2, and 3 in the schematics. Layers 1 and 3, which are acting as walls of the cavity, are nonmagnetic dielectric slabs with the same thickness d1 and permitivity ?1. Layer 2...

Ziauddin, Qamar S.; Qamar, Sajid; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

LEDSGP/Transportation Toolkit/Strategies/Shift | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 ThrottledInformation KumasiTools < LEDSGP‎Avoid < LEDSGP‎Shift

177

Plasma Frequency Shift Due to a Slowly Rotating Compact Star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the effects of a slowly rotating compact gravitational source on electron oscillations in a homogeneous electrically neutral plasma in the absence of an external electric or magnetic field. Neglecting the random thermal motion of the electrons we assume the gravitoelectromagnetic approximation to the general theory of relativity for the gravitational field. It is shown that there is a shift in the plasma frequency and hence in the dielectric constant of the plasma due to the gravitomagnetic force. We also give estimates for the difference in the frequency of radially transmitted electromagnetic signals for typical compact star candidates.

Babur M. Mirza; Hamid Saleem

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

178

Y-12 Shift Change, famous Ed Westcott image recreated  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun1ofRadiative HeatingInnovationSecurityShift

179

RedShift Systems Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColoradosourceRausWyoming: EnergyElec Assn Jump to:RedShift

180

Phase shift of a weak coherent beam induced by a single atom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on a direct measurement of a phase shift on a weak coherent beam by a single Rb-87 atom in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer. A maximum phase shift of about 1 degree is observed experimentally.

Syed Abdullah Aljunid; Meng Khoon Tey; Brenda Chng; Timothy Liew; Gleb Maslennikov; Valerio Scarani; Christian Kurtsiefer

2009-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Analysis of a duo-selecting membrane reactor for the water-gas shift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The water-gas shift reaction is an exothermic and reversible catalytic process that converts carbon monoxide and water (steam) to hydrogen and carbon dioxide. In regard to energy-related issues, the water-gas shift is part ...

Hardy, AliciA Jillian Jackson, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

New wave generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of a combined experimental and numerical study of the generation of internal waves using the novel internal wave generator design of Gostiaux et al. (Exp. Fluids, vol. 42, 2007, pp. 123–130). This ...

Mercier, Matthieu J.

183

Intrinsic Mean Shift for Clustering on Stiefel and Grassmann Manifolds Hasan Ertan C etingul Rene Vidal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intrinsic Mean Shift for Clustering on Stiefel and Grassmann Manifolds Hasan Ertan C¸ eting¨ul Ren

184

REACHABLE MATRICES BY THE QR ITERATION WITH SHIFT DELIN CHU # AND MOODY CHU +  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the principal powerhouse in eigenvalue computation. The shifts play a critical role in e#ecting fast convergence

185

Dunkl shift operators and Bannai-Ito polynomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the most general Dunkl shift operator $L$ with the following properties: (i) $L$ is of first order in the shift operator and involves reflections; (ii) $L$ preserves the space of polynomials of a given degree; (iii) $L$ is potentially self-adjoint. We show that under these conditions, the operator $L$ has eigenfunctions which coincide with the Bannai-Ito polynomials. We construct a polynomial basis which is lower-triangular and two-diagonal with respect to the action of the operator $L$. This allows to express the BI polynomials explicitly. We also present an anti-commutator AW(3) algebra corresponding to this operator. From the representations of this algebra, we derive the structure and recurrence relations of the BI polynomials. We introduce new orthogonal polynomials - referred to as the complementary BI polynomials - as an alternative $q \\to -1$ limit of the Askey-Wilson polynomials. These complementary BI polynomials lead to a new explicit expression for the BI polynomials in terms of the or...

Tsujimoto, Satoshi; Zhedanov, Alexei

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including upward shifts in the ver- tical velocities and distributions of cloud water and ice as the seaUpward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations circulation of the atmosphere shift upward in response to warming in simu- lations of climate change with both

O'Gorman, Paul

187

A Review of Cold Fronts with Prefrontal Troughs and Wind Shifts DAVID M. SCHULTZ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Review of Cold Fronts with Prefrontal Troughs and Wind Shifts DAVID M. SCHULTZ Cooperative with a pressure trough and a distinct wind shift at the surface. Many cold fronts, however, do not conform to this model--time series at a single surface station may possess a pressure trough and wind shift in the warm

Schultz, David

188

164 J. Neurosurg. / Volume 106 / January, 2007 RAIN shift during neurosurgery can significantly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Substantial intraoperative brain shift has been well documented in recent literature. Cortical displacement have reported that a very extensive range of brain surface shift (0­50 mm) can occur throughout surgery to visualize intraoperative brain shift. However, the resolution of existing intraoperative MR imaging sys

Chaudhary, Vipin

189

Flow visualization for qualitative assessment of brain shift Lyubomir Zagorcheva, Ardeshir Goshtasbya, Martin Satterb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow visualization for qualitative assessment of brain shift Lyubomir Zagorcheva, Ardeshir, and visualization of brain shift in serial MR and CT images is presented. The method consists of three steps to represent complex brain deformations. Keywords: flow visualization, nonrigid registration, brain shift

Goshtasby, Arthur Ardeshir

190

He polarization-dependent EPR frequency shifts of alkali-metal3 Earl Babcock,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 He polarization-dependent EPR frequency shifts of alkali-metal­3 He pairs Earl Babcock,1 Ian A-dependent measurements of the EPR frequency shifts for Na, K, and Rb interacting with polarized 3 He. K and Na frequency also allowed us to extend the measured temperature dependence of the Rb EPR frequency shifts up to 350

Walker, Thad G.

191

Reconstructing the Shifting Balance Theory in a GA: Taking Sewall Wright Seriously  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reconstructing the Shifting Balance Theory in a GA: Taking Sewall Wright Seriously Franz Oppacher@scs.carleton.ca Abstract- We attempt to reconstruct Sewall Wright's Shifting Balance Theory in order to address some the Shifting Balance Genetic Algorithm (SBGA), which is shown to behave as Wright intended. For example

Wineberg, Mark

192

WATER-GAS SHIFT WITH INTEGRATED HYDROGEN SEPARATION PROCESS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optimization of the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction system for hydrogen production for fuel cells is of particular interest to the energy industry. To this end, it is desirable to couple the WGS reaction to hydrogen separation using a semi-permeable membrane, with both processes carried out at high temperatures to improve reaction kinetics and permeation. Reduced equilibrium conversion of the WGS reaction at high temperatures is overcome by product H{sub 2} removal via the membrane. This project involves fundamental research and development of novel cerium oxide-based catalysts for the water-gas-shift reaction and the integration of these catalysts with Pd-alloy H{sub 2}-separation membranes supplying high purity hydrogen for fuel cell use. Conditions matching the requirements of coal gasifier-exit gas streams will be examined in the project. The first-year screening studies of WGS catalysts identified Cu-ceria as the most promising high-temperature shift catalyst for integration with H{sub 2}-selective membranes. Formulations containing iron oxide were found to deactivate in the presence of CO{sub 2}, and were thus eliminated from further consideration. Cu-containing ceria catalysts, on the other hand, showed high stability in CO{sub 2}-rich gases. This type gas will be present over much of the catalyst, as the membrane removes the hydrogen produced from the shift reaction. Several catalyst formulations were prepared, characterized and tested in the first year of study. Details from the catalyst development and testing work were given in our first annual technical report. Hydrogen permeation through Pd and Pd-alloy foils was investigated in a small membrane reactor constructed during the first year of the project. The effect of temperature on the hydrogen flux through pure Pd, Pd{sub 60}Cu{sub 40} and Pd{sub 75}Ag{sub 25} alloy membranes, each 25 {micro}m thick, was evaluated in the temperature range from 250 C to 500 C at upstream pressure of 4.4 atm and permeate hydrogen pressure of 1 atm. Flux decay was observed for the Pd-Cu membrane above 500 C. From 350-450 C, an average hydrogen flux value of 0.2 mol H{sub 2}/m{sup 2}/s was measured over this Pd-alloy membrane. These results are in good agreement with literature data. In this year's report, we discuss reaction rate measurements, optimization of catalyst kinetics by proper choice of dopant oxide (lanthana) in ceria, long-term stability studies, and H{sub 2} permeation data collected with unsupported flat, 10 {micro}m-thick Pd-Cu membranes over a wide temperature window and in various gas mixtures. The high-temperature shift catalyst composition was further improved, by proper selection of dopant type and amount. The formulation 10 at%Cu-Ce(30 at%La)Ox was the best; this was selected for further kinetic studies. WGS reaction rates were measured in a simulated coal-gas mixture. The stability of catalyst performance was examined in 40-hr long tests. A series of hydrogen permeation tests were conducted in a small flat-membrane reactor using the 10 m{micro}-thick Pd-Cu membranes. Small inhibitory effects of CO and CO{sub 2} were found at temperatures above 350 C, while H{sub 2}O vapor had no effect on hydrogen permeation. No carbon deposition took place during many hours of membrane operation. The reaction extent on the blank (catalyst-free) membrane was also negligible. A larger flat-membrane reactor will be used next year with the catalyst wash coated on screens close coupled with the Pd-Cu membrane.

Maria Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, PI; Jerry Meldon, Co-PI; Xiaomei Qi

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

WATER-GAS SHIFT WITH INTEGRATED HYDROGEN SEPARATION PROCESS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project involved fundamental research and development of novel cerium oxide-based catalysts for the water-gas-shift reaction and the integration of these catalysts with Pd-alloy H{sub 2} -separation membranes supplying high purity hydrogen for fuel cell use. Conditions matching the requirements of coal gasifier-exit gas streams were examined in the project. Cu-cerium oxide was identified as the most promising high-temperature water-gas shift catalyst for integration with H{sub 2}-selective membranes. Formulations containing iron oxide were found to deactivate in the presence of CO{sub 2}. Cu-containing ceria catalysts, on the other hand, showed high stability in CO{sub 2}-rich gases. This type gas will be present over much of the catalyst, as the membrane removes the hydrogen produced from the shift reaction. The high-temperature shift catalyst composition was optimized by proper selection of dopant type and amount in ceria. The formulation 10at%Cu-Ce(30at%La)O{sub x} showed the best performance, and was selected for further kinetic studies. WGS reaction rates were measured in a simulated coal-gas mixture. The apparent activation energy, measured over aged catalysts, was equal to 70.2 kJ/mol. Reaction orders in CO, H{sub 2}O, CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2} were found to be 0.8, 0.2, -0.3, and -0.3, respectively. This shows that H{sub 2}O has very little effect on the reaction rate, and that both CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2} weakly inhibit the reaction. Good stability of catalyst performance was found in 40-hr long tests. A flat (38 cm{sup 2}) Pd-Cu alloy membrane reactor was used with the catalyst washcoated on oxidized aluminum screens close coupled with the membrane. To achieve higher loadings, catalyst granules were layered on the membrane itself to test the combined HTS activity/ H{sub 2} -separation efficiency of the composite. Simulated coal gas mixtures were used and the effect of membrane on the conversion of CO over the catalyst was evidenced at high space velocities. Equilibrium CO conversion at 400 C was measured at a space velocity of 30,000 h{sup -1} with the 10{micro}m- thick Pd{sub 60}Cu{sub 40} membrane operating under a pressure differential of 100 psi. No carbon deposition took place during operation. The performance of the coupled Cu-ceria catalyst/membrane system at 400 C was stable in {approx} 30 h of continuous operation. The overall conclusion from this project is that Cu-doped ceria catalysts are suitable for use in high-temperature water-gas shift membrane reactors. CO{sub 2}-rich operation does not affect the catalyst activity or stability; neither does it affect hydrogen permeation through the Pd-Cu membrane. Operation in the temperature range of 400-430 C is recommended.

Maria Flytzani-Stephanopoulos; Xiaomei Qi; Scott Kronewitter

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Metal/ceria water-gas shift catalysts for automotive polymer electrolyte fuel cell system.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) systems are a leading candidate for replacing the internal combustion engine in light duty vehicles. One method of generating the hydrogen necessary for the PEFC is reforming a liquid fuel, such as methanol or gasoline, via partial oxidation, steam reforming, or autothermal reforming (a combination of partial oxidation and steam reforming). The H{sub 2}-rich reformate can contain as much as 10% carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide has been shown to poison the platinum-based anode catalyst at concentrations as low as 10 ppm,1 necessitating removal of CO to this level before passing the reformate to the fuel cell stack. The water-gas shift (WGS) reaction, CO + H{sub 2}O {rightleftharpoons} CO{sub 2} + H{sub 2}, is used to convert the bulk of the reformate CO to CO{sub 2}. Industrially, the WGS reaction is conducted over two catalysts, which operate in different temperature regimes. One catalyst is a FeCr mixed oxide, which operates at 350-450 C and is termed the high-temperature shift (HTS) catalyst. The second catalyst is a CuZn mixed oxide, which operates at 200-250 C and is termed the low-temperature shift (LTS) catalyst. Although these two catalysts are used industrially in the production of H{sub 2} for ammonia synthesis, they have major drawbacks that make them unsuitable for transportation applications. Both the LTS and the HTS catalysts must first be ''activated'' before being used. For example, the copper in the copper oxide/zinc oxide LTS catalyst must first be reduced to elemental copper in situ before it becomes active for the WGS reaction. This reduction reaction is exothermic and must be carried out under well- controlled conditions using a dilute hydrogen stream (1 vol% H{sub 2}) to prevent high catalyst temperatures, which can result in sintering (agglomeration) of the copper particles and loss of active surface area for the WGS reaction. Also, once the catalyst has been activated by reduction, it must be protected from exposure to ambient air to prevent re-oxidation of the copper. The activated catalyst must also be protected from the condensation of liquids, for example, during start-up or transient operation. For these reasons, a more thermally rugged catalyst is needed which has sufficient activity to operate at the low temperatures that are thermodynamically necessary to achieve low CO concentrations.

Myers, D. J.; Krebs, J. F.; Carter, J. D.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

2002-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

195

Modal shifts in short-haul passenger travel and the consequent energy impacts. [Intercity travel under 500 miles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was performed to evaluate the impacts of strategies to effect modal shifts in short-haul passenger travel (defined herein as intercity travel under 500 miles) from energy-intensive modes to those modes that are less energy-intensive. A series of individual strategies, ranging from incentives to the less energy-intensive modes (bus, rail) to penalties to the more energy-intensive modes (auto, air) was examined to determine energy saved and policy implications relative to strategy implementation. The most effective of the individual strategies were then combined in all permutations, and the analysis was repeated. As part of the analytical process, effects of factors other than energy (user cost and time, emissions, government subsidy, and travel fatailities) were examined in a benefit/cost analysis. Finally, energy savings, benefit/cost impacts, implementation considerations, and policy implications were evaluated to arrive at conclusions as to the effectiveness of the more-influential strategies and to the overall effectiveness of induced modal shifts. The principal conclusion of the study is that the maximum 1980 energy saving that might be realized by modal shifts, discounting the concurrent effects of demand suppression and improvement of mode efficiency, is approximately 83 x 10/sup 12/ Btu (46,500 bbl gasoline per day), 3.8% of the total projected 1980 energy consumption in the short-haul transportation sector and 0.23% of the total US petroleum use. It was also concluded that strategies to achieve these small savings by modal shifts would result in significant economic, social, and business disruptions.

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Cyclic Operation of Power Plant: Technical, Operational and Cost Issues -- An International Seminar: Proceedings: ''Two Shifting'' Seminar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of changes in demand and competition within the power industry, fossil fuel plants in many countries are now subject to two-shift operation, that is, generating power for 10-15 hours during the day only, usually in combination with a complete shutdown on weekends. Other fossil-fueled units, although running around the clock, need to follow changes in electricity demand. This mode of functioning, in which temperatures and pressures are never stable for more than a few hours, is referred to as ''cyclic operation of plant.'' The aim of the seminar at which these papers were presented was to identify the basic causes of component and equipment problems in two-shift operation, and to begin to identify procedures that could minimize operating and maintenance costs. The papers cover the following topics: Session 1: Plant Operation Experience and Design Issues; Session 2: Materials Issues; Session 3: Cost, Manpower and Management Issues; Session 4: Plant Automation Issues; Session 5: Hot Section Gas Turbine Issues; and Session 6: HRSG [heat recovery steam generator] Issues.

None

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Isotope shift in the electron affinity of lithium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Very accurate electron affinity (EA) calculations of {sup 6}Li and {sup 7}Li (and {sup {infinity}L}i) have been performed using explicitly correlated Gaussian functions and a variational approach that explicitly includes the nuclear motion in the calculations (i.e., the approach that does not assume the Born-Oppenheimer approximation). The leading relativistic and quantum electrodynamics corrections to the electron affinities were also calculated. The results are the most accurate theoretical values obtained for the studied systems to date. Our best estimates of the {sup 7}Li and {sup 6}Li EAs are 4984.9842(30) and 4984.9015(30) cm{sup -1}, respectively, and of the {sup 7}Li/{sup 6}Li EA isotope shift is 0.0827 cm{sup -1}.

Bubin, Sergiy [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States); Komasa, Jacek [Quantum Chemistry Group, Faculty of Chemistry, A. Mickiewicz University, ulica Grunwaldzka 6, 60-780 Poznan (Poland); Stanke, Monika [Institute of Physics, Nicholas Copernicus University, ulica Grudziadzka 5, PL 87-100 Torun (Poland); Adamowicz, Ludwik [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

198

DAYLIGHTING IN CAMBRIDGE LIBRARIES: SHIFTING FOCUS OVER TIME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper aims to explore the various transformations of Cambridge libraries over the ages focusing mainly on the changing role of daylighting in library design. The libraries have been categorised chronologically into four different groups: Medieval libraries, libraries between 16 th cent and Reformation, libraries between Reformation and 19 th cent and modern libraries. The study shows that with the shift from the rules of classicism in medieval libraries to individual styles in modern libraries, the architect has opened up enormous possibilities for design innovations in daylighting. Unlike other environmental services the elements of daylighting are undoubtedly the most visual and expressive. The particular challenge of modern library design is to manipulate natural light for reading and book storage while avoiding reflections on the VDU. It is still a field not fully explored and it remains to be seen how daylighting design can successfully meet all the needs of a modern library. 1.

Ayona Datta

199

WATER-GAS SHIFT WITH INTEGRATED HYDROGEN SEPARATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optimization of the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction system for hydrogen production for fuel cells is of particular interest to the energy industry. To this end, it is desirable to couple the WGS reaction to hydrogen separation using a semi-permeable membrane, with both processes carried out at high temperature to improve reaction kinetics. Reduced equilibrium conversion of the WGS reaction at high temperatures is overcome by product H{sub 2} removal via the membrane. This project involves fundamental research and development of novel cerium oxide-based catalysts for the water-gas-shift reaction and the integration of these catalysts with Pd-alloy H{sub 2}-separation membranes supplying high purity hydrogen for fuel cell use. Conditions matching the requirements of coal gasifier-exit gas streams will be examined in the project. In the first year of the project, we prepared a series of nanostructured Cu- and Fe-containing ceria catalysts by a special gelation/precipitation technique followed by air calcination at 650 C. Each sample was characterized by ICP for elemental composition analysis, BET-N2 desorption for surface area measurement, and by temperature-programmed reduction in H{sub 2} to evaluate catalyst reducibility. Screening WGS tests with catalyst powders were conducted in a flow microreactor at temperatures in the range of 200-550 C. On the basis of both activity and stability of catalysts in simulated coal gas, and in CO{sub 2}-rich gases, a Cu-CeO{sub 2} catalyst formulation was selected for further study in this project. Details from the catalyst development and testing work are given in this report. Also in this report, we present H{sub 2} permeation data collected with unsupported flat membranes of pure Pd and Pd-alloys over a wide temperature window.

Maria Flytzani-Stephanopoulos; Jerry Meldon; Xiaomei Qi

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Hydordesulfurization of dibenzothiophene using hydrogen generated in situ by the water-gas shift reaction in a trickle bed reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is presented in Figure 3. The reactor used was a 63. 5 cm long, L91 cm O. D. stainless steel seamless tube placed vertically in a 45. 72 cm deep (10. 23 cm LD. ) bath filled with a molten eutectic salt. The reactor tube had an inside diameter of 1. 575 cm... simultaneously with a tube wrapped in heating tape prior to entering the reactor at the top. The gas feed was passed through a coil submerged in the molten salt bath and then introduced to the hydrocarbon and water feed upstream of the reactor entrance. Both...

Hook, Bruce David

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

When the expansion of finite-size corrections to hydrogen Lamb shift in moments of charge distribution breaks down  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We point out a limitation of the standard way of accounting the finite-size effects, i.e., when the leading $[(Z\\alpha)^4]$ and subleading $[(Z\\alpha)^5]$ contributions to the Lamb shift are given by the mean-square radius and the third Zemach moment of the charge distribution. This limitation may have profound consequences for the interpretation of the "proton size puzzle". We find, for instance, that the de R\\'ujula toy model of the proton form factor does not resolve the puzzle as claimed, despite the large value of the third Zemach moment. Given the formula which does not rely on the radii expansion, we show how tiny (less than a hundredth of percent) changes in the proton electric form factor at a MeV scale would be able to explain the puzzle.

Hagelstein, Franziska

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Creating a Cognitive Agent in a Virtual World: Planning, Navigation, and Natural Language Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Language Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Language Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Hewlett, William

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Coiled transmission line pulse generators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus are provided for fabricating and constructing solid dielectric "Coiled Transmission Line" pulse generators in radial or axial coiled geometries. The pour and cure fabrication process enables a wide variety of geometries and form factors. The volume between the conductors is filled with liquid blends of monomers, polymers, oligomers, and/or cross-linkers and dielectric powders; and then cured to form high field strength and high dielectric constant solid dielectric transmission lines that intrinsically produce ideal rectangular high voltage pulses when charged and switched into matched impedance loads. Voltage levels may be increased by Marx and/or Blumlein principles incorporating spark gap or, preferentially, solid state switches (such as optically triggered thyristors) which produce reliable, high repetition rate operation. Moreover, these Marxed pulse generators can be DC charged and do not require additional pulse forming circuitry, pulse forming lines, transformers, or an a high voltage spark gap output switch. The apparatus accommodates a wide range of voltages, impedances, pulse durations, pulse repetition rates, and duty cycles. The resulting mobile or flight platform friendly cylindrical geometric configuration is much more compact, light-weight, and robust than conventional linear geometries, or pulse generators constructed from conventional components. Installing additional circuitry may accommodate optional pulse shape improvements. The Coiled Transmission Lines can also be connected in parallel to decrease the impedance, or in series to increase the pulse length.

McDonald, Kenneth Fox (Columbia, MO)

2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

204

Steam generator support system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support system for connection to an outer surface of a J-shaped steam generator for use with a nuclear reactor or other liquid metal cooled power source is disclosed. The J-shaped steam generator is mounted with the bent portion at the bottom. An arrangement of elongated rod members provides both horizontal and vertical support for the steam generator. The rod members are interconnected to the steam generator assembly and a support structure in a manner which provides for thermal distortion of the steam generator without the transfer of bending moments to the support structure and in a like manner substantially minimizes forces being transferred between the support structure and the steam generator as a result of seismic disturbances. 4 figs.

Moldenhauer, J.E.

1987-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

205

Steam generator support system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support system for connection to an outer surface of a J-shaped steam generator for use with a nuclear reactor or other liquid metal cooled power source. The J-shaped steam generator is mounted with the bent portion at the bottom. An arrangement of elongated rod members provides both horizontal and vertical support for the steam generator. The rod members are interconnected to the steam generator assembly and a support structure in a manner which provides for thermal distortion of the steam generator without the transfer of bending moments to the support structure and in a like manner substantially minimizes forces being transferred between the support structure and the steam generator as a result of seismic disturbances.

Moldenhauer, James E. (Simi Valley, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Method of grid generation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a method of grid generation that uses the geometry of the problem space and the governing relations to generate a grid. The method can generate a grid with minimized discretization errors, and with minimal user interaction. The method of the present invention comprises assigning grid cell locations so that, when the governing relations are discretized using the grid, at least some of the discretization errors are substantially zero. Conventional grid generation is driven by the problem space geometry; grid generation according to the present invention is driven by problem space geometry and by governing relations. The present invention accordingly can provide two significant benefits: more efficient and accurate modeling since discretization errors are minimized, and reduced cost grid generation since less human interaction is required.

Barnette, Daniel W. (Veguita, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Talkin’ Bout Wind Generation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The amount of electricity generated by the wind industry started to grow back around 1999, and since 2007 has been increasing at a rapid pace.

208

SNE TRAFIC GENERATOR  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

003027MLTPL00 Network Traffic Generator for Low-rate Small Network Equipment Software  http://eln.lbl.gov/sne_traffic_gen.html 

209

Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation The power factor (PF) is defined as the ratio between the active power and the apparent power of a system. If the current and voltage are periodic with period , and [ ), then the active power is defined by ( ) ( ) (their inner product

Knobloch,Jürgen

210

Next-generation transcriptome assembly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technologies - the next generation. Nat Rev Genet 11, 31-algorithms for next-generation sequencing data. Genomicsassembly from next- generation sequencing data. Genome Res

Martin, Jeffrey A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Non-Utility Generation and Transmission Access in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system is a key factor in promoting competition in power generation. With changes in the Federal law, wholesale customers and NUGs are working with state legislators and regulators to open up the transmission system for opportunities in the wholesale...

Panjavan, S.; Adib, P.

212

Second generation PFB for advanced power generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research is being conducted under a United States Department of Energy (USDOE) contract to develop a new type of coal-fueled plant for electric power generation. This new type of plant-called an advanced or second-generation pressurized fluidized bed combustion (APFBC) plant-offers the promise of 45-percent efficiency (HHV), with emissions and a cost of electricity that are significantly lower than conventional pulverized-coal-fired plants with scrubbers. This paper summarizes the pilot plant R&D work being conducted to develop this new type of plant. Although pilot plant testing is still underway, preliminary estimates indicate the commercial plant Will perform better than originally envisioned. Efficiencies greater than 46 percent are now being predicted.

Robertson, A.; Van Hook, J.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Laser beam generating apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Laser beam generating apparatus including a septum segment disposed longitudinally within the tubular structure of the apparatus. The septum provides for radiatively dissipating heat buildup within the tubular structure and for generating relatively uniform laser beam pulses so as to minimize or eliminate radial pulse delays (the chevron effect). 11 figures.

Warner, B.E.; Duncan, D.B.

1993-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

214

Laser beam generating apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Laser beam generating apparatus including a septum segment disposed longitudinally within the tubular structure of the apparatus is described. The septum provides for radiatively dissipating heat buildup within the tubular structure and for generating relatively uniform laser beam pulses so as to minimize or eliminate radial pulse delays (the chevron effect). 7 figures.

Warner, B.E.; Duncan, D.B.

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

features Utility Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;#12;#12;features function utility Training Pool Utility Generator Per-frame function content utility classes utility classes utility Tree Decision Generator Module Utility Clustering Adaptive Content Classification Loop features content VO selection & Utility Selector content features Real

Chang, Shih-Fu

216

Event generator overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to their ability to provide detailed and quantitative predictions, the event generators have become an important part of studying relativistic heavy ion physics and of designing future experiments. In this talk, the author will briefly summarize recent progress in developing event generators for the relativistic heavy ion collisions.

Pang, Y.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Improved solid aerosol generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved solid aerosol generator used to produce a gas borne stream of dry, solid particles of predetermined size and concentration. The improved solid aerosol generator nebulizes a feed solution of known concentration with a flow of preheated gas and dries the resultant wet heated aerosol in a grounded, conical heating chamber, achieving high recovery and flow rates. 2 figs.

Prescott, D.S.; Schober, R.K.; Beller, J.

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

218

Internal split field generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A generator includes a coil of conductive material. A stationary magnetic field source applies a stationary magnetic field to the coil. An internal magnetic field source is disposed within a cavity of the coil to apply a moving magnetic field to the coil. The stationary magnetic field interacts with the moving magnetic field to generate an electrical energy in the coil.

Thundat; Thomas George (Knoxville, TN); Van Neste, Charles W. (Kingston, TN); Vass, Arpad Alexander (Oak Ridge, TN)

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

219

Use of Residential Smart Appliances for Peak Load Shifting & Spinning Reserves: Cost Benefit Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we present the results of an analytical cost-benefit study of residential smart appliances in support of a joint stakeholder petition to the EPA and DOE to provide a 5% credit to meet ENERGY STAR eligibility criteria for products that meet the definition of a smart appliance. The underlying hypothesis is that smart appliances can play a critical role in addressing some of the challenges associated with increased electricity demand, and increased penetration of renewable sources of power. Our analytical model utilizes current annual appliance electricity consumption data, and estimates what the wholesale grid operating cost savings would be if some percentage of appliance loads were shifted away from peak hours to run during off-peak hours, and appliance loads serve power system balancing needs such as spinning reserves that would otherwise have to be provided by generators. Historical wholesale market clearing prices (location marginal and spinning reserve) from major wholesale power markets in the United States are used to estimate savings. The savings are then compared with the five percent credit, to determine if the savings in grid operating costs (benefits) are at least as high as the credit (cost) if not higher.

Sastry, Chellury; Pratt, Robert G.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

In Situ Studies of the Active Sites for the Water Gas Shift Reaction over Cu-CeO2 Catalysts: Complex Interaction Between Metallic Copper and Oxygen Vacancies of Ceria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New information about the active sites for the water gas shift (WGS) reaction over Cu-CeO{sub 2} systems was obtained using in-situ, time-resolved X-ray diffraction (TR-XRD), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (TR-XAS, Cu K and Ce L3 edges), and infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS). Cu-CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles prepared by a novel reversed microemulsion method (doped Ce1-xCuxO2 sample) and an impregnation method (impregnated CuO{sub x}/CeO{sub 2} sample) were studied. The results from all of the samples indicate that both metallic copper and oxygen vacancies in ceria were involved in the generation of active sites for the WGS reaction. Evidence was found for a synergistic Cu-O vacancy interaction. This interaction enhances the chemical activity of Cu, and the presence of Cu facilitates the formation of O vacancies in ceria under reaction conditions. Water dissociation occurred on the O vacancy sites or the Cu-O vacancy interface. No significant amounts of formate were formed on the catalysts during the WGS reaction. The presence of strongly bound carbonates is an important factor for the deactivation of the catalysts at high temperatures. This work identifies for the first time the active sites for the WGS reaction on Cu-CeO{sub 2} catalysts and illustrates the importance of in situ structural studies for heterogeneous catalytic reactions.

Wang,X.; Rodriguez, J.; Hanson, J.; Gamarra, D.; Martinez-Arias, A.; Fernandez-Garcia, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Goos-H\\"anchen and Imbert-Fedorov shifts for astigmatic Gaussian beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we investigate the role of the beam astigmatism in the Goos-H\\"anchen and Imbert-Fedorov shift. As a case study, we consider a Gaussian beam focused by an astigmatic lens and we calculate explicitly the corrections to the standard formulas for beam shifts due to the astigmatism induced by the lens. Our results show that astigmatism may enhance the angular part of the shift.

Ornigotti, Marco

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Shaft generator transmissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Economical on-board power can be generated from two-stroke, low-speed engines by installing a multistage hollow-shaft gearbox on the propeller intermediate shaft to drive the generator. Gearbox manufacturer Asug, based in Dessau, Germany, has designed units specifically for this purpose. The Asug shaft generator drive concept for generator drives at the front end of the engine is designed to reduce installation costs and uses an integrated engine-gearbox foundation. The complete propulsion system, consisting of the diesel engine, gear with coupling and generator, can be completely or partially preassembled outside the ship`s engine room to reduce onboard assembly time. A separate foundation for this arrangement is not necessary. The company offers a full range of gearboxes to generate power from 500 kW up to 5000 kW. Gearboxes driven from the forward engine end often incorporate an additional gear stage to gain energy from an exhaust turbine. This arrangement feeds part of the exhaust energy back into the system to increase efficiency. Latest installations of Asug shaft generator gears are in container ships and cargo/container ships built in Turkey and China.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Wind power generating system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Normally feathered propeller blades of a wind power generating system unfeather in response to the actuation of a power cylinder that responds to actuating signals. Once operational, the propellers generate power over a large range of wind velocities. A maximum power generation design point signals a feather response of the propellers so that once the design point is reached no increase in power results, but the system still generates power. At wind speeds below this maximum point, propeller speed and power output optimize to preset values. The propellers drive a positive displacement pump that in turn drives a positive displacement motor of the swash plate type. The displacement of the motor varies depending on the load on the system, with increasing displacement resulting in increasing propeller speeds, and the converse. In the event of dangerous but not clandestine problems developing in the system, a control circuit dumps hydraulic pressure from the unfeathering cylinder resulting in a predetermined, lower operating pressure produced by the pump. In the event that a problem of potentially cladestine consequence arises, the propeller unfeathering cylinder immediately unloads. Upon startup, a bypass around the motor is blocked, applying a pressure across the motor. The motor drives the generator until the generator reaches a predetermined speed whereupon the generator is placed in circuit with a utility grid and permitted to motor up to synchronous speed.

Schachle, Ch.; Schachle, E. C.; Schachle, J. R.; Schachle, P. J.

1985-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

224

Compact neutron generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact neutron generator has at its outer circumference a toroidal shaped plasma chamber in which a tritium (or other) plasma is generated. A RF antenna is wrapped around the plasma chamber. A plurality of tritium ion beamlets are extracted through spaced extraction apertures of a plasma electrode on the inner surface of the toroidal plasma chamber and directed inwardly toward the center of neutron generator. The beamlets pass through spaced acceleration and focusing electrodes to a neutron generating target at the center of neutron generator. The target is typically made of titanium tubing. Water is flowed through the tubing for cooling. The beam can be pulsed rapidly to achieve ultrashort neutron bursts. The target may be moved rapidly up and down so that the average power deposited on the surface of the target may be kept at a reasonable level. The neutron generator can produce fast neutrons from a T-T reaction which can be used for luggage and cargo interrogation applications. A luggage or cargo inspection system has a pulsed T-T neutron generator or source at the center, surrounded by associated gamma detectors and other components for identifying explosives or other contraband.

Leung, Ka-Ngo; Lou, Tak Pui

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

225

Use of Slip Ring Induction Generator for Wind Power Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind energy is now firmly established as a mature technology for electricity generation. There are different types of generators that can be used for wind energy generation, among which Slip ring Induction generator proves to be more advantageous. To analyse application of Slip ring Induction generator for wind power generation, an experimental model is developed and results are studied. As power generation from natural sources is the need today and variable speed wind energy is ample in amount in India, it is necessary to study more beneficial options for wind energy generating techniques. From this need a model is developed by using Slip ring Induction generator which is a type of Asynchronous generator.

K Y Patil; D S Chavan

226

Demand Shifting with Thermal Mass in Light and Heavy Mass Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential for utilizing building thermal mass for load shifting and peak demand reduction has been demonstrated in a number of simulation, laboratory, and field studies. This project studied the potential of pre-cooling and demand limiting in a heavy mass and a light mass building in the Bay Area of California. The conclusion of the work to date is that pre-cooling has the potential to improve the demand responsiveness of commercial buildings while maintaining acceptable comfort conditions. Results indicate that pre-cooling increases the depth (kW) and duration (kWh) of the shed capacity of a given building, all other factors being equal. Due to the time necessary for pre-cooling, it is only applicable to day-ahead demand response programs. Pre-cooling can be very effective if the building mass is relatively heavy. The effectiveness of night pre-cooling under hot weather conditions has not been tested. Further work is required to quantify and demonstrate the effectiveness of pre-cooling in different climates. Research is also needed to develop screening tools that can be used to select suitable buildings and customers, identify the most appropriate pre-cooling strategies, and estimate the benefits to the customer and the utility.

Xu, Peng; Zagreus, Leah

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Comparison of Palladium and Platinum Water Gas Shift Kinetics Using Density Functional Theory Models.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Water Gas Shift (WGS) reaction can be either thermodynamically or kinetically limited, depending on process conditions. Improved catalysts are of particular interest at low… (more)

Clay, John

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Comparison of palladium and platinum Water Gas Shift reaction kinetics using density functional theory models.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The Water Gas Shift (WGS) reaction can be either thermodynamically or kinetically limited, depending on process conditions. Improved catalysts are of particular interest at… (more)

Clay, John P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Observation and cancellation of the dc Stark shift in strontium optical lattice clocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the observation of a dc Stark frequency shift at the $10^{-13}$ level by comparing two strontium optical lattice clocks. This frequency shift arises from the presence of electric charges trapped on dielectric surfaces placed under vacuum close to the atomic sample. We show that these charges can be eliminated by shining UV light on the dielectric surfaces, and characterize the residual dc Stark frequency shift on the clock transition at the $10^{-18}$ level by applying an external electric field. This study shows that the dc Stark shift can play an important role in the accuracy budget of lattice clocks, and should be duly taken into account.

Lodewyck, Jérôme; Lorini, Luca; Gurov, Mikhail; Lemonde, Pierre

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Guide to good practices for control of on-shift training  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Control of On-Shift Training, Chapter 5 of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing on-shift training programs. ``Control of On-Shift Training`` is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessary for a coordinated on-shift training program to meet the continuous demand for skilled, well-trained personnel to promote safe and efficient operations.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Understanding Sustainable Transportation Choices: Shifting Routine Automobile Travel to Walking and Bicycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and G.F. Ulfarsson. “Curbing Automobile Use for Sustainablebe able to shift routine automobile travel to pedestrian andChanges in Respondent Automobile Mode Shares Under Different

Schneider, Robert James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Islam, Sexuality, and the Internet: A Historical Reflection of the Shifting Sexual Self in Turkey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sociocultural sexual self in Turkey. Electronic and onlinegeographic boundaries. In Turkey, electronic new media hasappearance of new media in Turkey and the shifts in emerging

Tzankova, Veronika; Schiphorst, Thecla

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

E-Print Network 3.0 - attentional set shifting Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: attentional set shifting Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Bullet trains and steam engines: Exogenous attention zips but endogenous attention chugs along...

234

Generation of Core/shell Nanoparticles with Laser Ablation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with different material. We have successfully demonstrated the generation of Sn/Glass, Zn/Glass, Zn/Si, Ge/Si, and Cu/Zn CS-NPs. Key factors affecting the generation of CS-NPs are (1) surface tensions of the constructing materials affecting the associated Gibbs...

Jo, Young Kyong

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

235

Graph Generator Survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The benchmarking effort within the Extreme Scale Systems Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory seeks to provide High Performance Computing benchmarks and test suites of interest to the DoD sponsor. The work described in this report is a part of the effort focusing on graph generation. A previously developed benchmark, SystemBurn, allowed the emulation of dierent application behavior profiles within a single framework. To complement this effort, similar capabilities are desired for graph-centric problems. This report examines existing synthetic graph generator implementations in preparation for further study on the properties of their generated synthetic graphs.

Lothian, Josh [ORNL; Powers, Sarah S [ORNL; Sullivan, Blair D [ORNL; Baker, Matthew B [ORNL; Schrock, Jonathan [ORNL; Poole, Stephen W [ORNL

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Synthetic guide star generation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for assisting in observing a celestial object and providing synthetic guide star generation. A lasing system provides radiation at a frequency at or near 938 nm and radiation at a frequency at or near 1583 nm. The lasing system includes a fiber laser operating between 880 nm and 960 nm and a fiber laser operating between 1524 nm and 1650 nm. A frequency-conversion system mixes the radiation and generates light at a frequency at or near 589 nm. A system directs the light at a frequency at or near 589 nm toward the celestial object and provides synthetic guide star generation.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA) [Castro Valley, CA; Page, Ralph H. (Castro Valley, CA) [Castro Valley, CA; Ebbers, Christopher A. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA; Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

237

Social Intelligence: Next Generation Business Intelligence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order for Business Intelligence to truly move beyond where it is today, a shift in approach must occur. Currently, much of what is accomplished in the realm of Business Intelligence relies on reports and dashboards to summarize and deliver information to end users. As we move into the future, we need to get beyond these reports and dashboards to a point where we break out the individual metrics that are embedded in these reports and interact with these components independently. Breaking these pieces of information out of the confines of reports and dashboards will allow them to be dynamically assembled for delivery in the way that makes most sense to each consumer. With this change in ideology, Business Intelligence will move from the concept of collections of objects, or reports and dashboards, to individual objects, or information components. The Next Generation Business Intelligence suite will translate concepts popularized in Facebook, Flickr, and Digg into enterprise worthy communication vehicles.

Troy Hiltbrand

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Generating electricity from viruses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Berkeley Lab's Seung-Wuk Lee discusses "Generating electricity from viruses" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas.

Lee, Seung-Wuk

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

239

Energy and Mass Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modifications in the energy momentum dispersion laws due to a noncommutative geometry, have been considered in recent years. We examine the oscillations of extended objects in this perspective and find that there is now a "generation" of energy.

Burra G. Sidharth

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

240

Contextualizing generative design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generative systems have been widely used to produce two- and three-dimensional constructs, in an attempt to escape from our preconceptions and pre-existing spatial language. The challenge is to use this mechanism in ...

Arida, Saeed, 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Monte Carlo event generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I review recent progress in the physics of parton shower Monte Carlos, emphasizing the ideas which allow the inclusion of higher-order matrix elements into the framework of event generators.

Frixione, Stefano [INFN, Sezione di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 33, 16146 Genova (Italy)

2005-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

242

Generating electricity from viruses  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Berkeley Lab's Seung-Wuk Lee discusses "Generating electricity from viruses" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas.

Lee, Seung-Wuk

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

243

Oscillating fluid power generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A system and method for harvesting the kinetic energy of a fluid flow for power generation with a vertically oriented, aerodynamic wing structure comprising one or more airfoil elements pivotably attached to a mast. When activated by the moving fluid stream, the wing structure oscillates back and forth, generating lift first in one direction then in the opposite direction. This oscillating movement is converted to unidirectional rotational movement in order to provide motive power to an electricity generator. Unlike other oscillating devices, this device is designed to harvest the maximum aerodynamic lift forces available for a given oscillation cycle. Because the system is not subjected to the same intense forces and stresses as turbine systems, it can be constructed less expensively, reducing the cost of electricity generation. The system can be grouped in more compact clusters, be less evident in the landscape, and present reduced risk to avian species.

Morris, David C

2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

244

Vector generator scan converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

High printing speeds for graphics data are achieved with a laser printer by transmitting compressed graphics data from a main processor over an I/O channel to a vector generator scan converter which reconstructs a full graphics image for input to the laser printer through a raster data input port. The vector generator scan converter includes a microprocessor with associated microcode memory containing a microcode instruction set, a working memory for storing compressed data, vector generator hardware for drawing a full graphic image from vector parameters calculated by the microprocessor, image buffer memory for storing the reconstructed graphics image and an output scanner for reading the graphics image data and inputting the data to the printer. The vector generator scan converter eliminates the bottleneck created by the I/O channel for transmitting graphics data from the main processor to the laser printer, and increases printer speed up to thirty fold. 7 figs.

Moore, J.M.; Leighton, J.F.

1988-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

245

Vector generator scan converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

High printing speeds for graphics data are achieved with a laser printer by transmitting compressed graphics data from a main processor over an I/O (input/output) channel to a vector generator scan converter which reconstructs a full graphics image for input to the laser printer through a raster data input port. The vector generator scan converter includes a microprocessor with associated microcode memory containing a microcode instruction set, a working memory for storing compressed data, vector generator hardward for drawing a full graphic image from vector parameters calculated by the microprocessor, image buffer memory for storing the reconstructed graphics image and an output scanner for reading the graphics image data and inputting the data to the printer. The vector generator scan converter eliminates the bottleneck created by the I/O channel for transmitting graphics data from the main processor to the laser printer, and increases printer speed up to thirty fold.

Moore, James M. (Livermore, CA); Leighton, James F. (Livermore, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

UV-Shifted Durable Silver Coating for Astronomical Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silver has the highest reflectance of all of the metals, but it tarnishes in the presence of sulfides, chlorides, and oxides in the atmosphere. Also, the silver reflectance is very low at wavelengths below 400 nm making aluminum more desirable mirror coating for the UV region. They have found a way to prevent silver tarnishing by sandwiching the silver layer between two thin layers of NiCrN{sub x}, and to extend the metal's high reflectance down to 200 nm by depositing the (thin) Ag layer on top of Al. Thus, the uv is transmitted through the thin Ag layer below 400 nm wavelength, and is reflected from the Al layer underneath. This UV-shifted durable coating provides a valuable alternative to the aluminum coating for telescope mirror coatings where high throughput and durability are important considerations. The throughput for a telescope with, say, six reflections from silver coatings is (0.97){sup 6} = 83% compared to (0.92){sup 6} = 60% for aluminum coatings, or 28% less. The use of silver coatings allows more photons to be collected by primary mirror. Aluminum also has a reflectance dip at 850 nm caused by inter-band transitions which is eliminated by placing the thin Ag layer on top. This paper describes a non-tarnishing silver coating having high reflectance down into the UV region. The average specular reflectance is 70%-97% in the near-UV, 95%-99% in the visible region, and {ge} 99% in the infrared region covering the total wavelength range 200 nm to 10,000 nm. Figure 1 compares the reflectance of the UVHR-LLNL silver coating to bare silver and aluminum over-coated with magnesium fluoride over the wavelength range 300 nm to 2000 nm.

Thomas, N.L.; Wolfe, J.

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Hybrid shearing and phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new interferometry configuration combines the strengths of two existing interferometry methods, improving the quality and extending the dynamic range of both. On the same patterned mask, placed near the image-plane of an optical system under test, patterns for phase-shifting point diffraction interferometry and lateral shearing interferometry coexist. The former giving verifiable high accuracy for the measurement of nearly diffraction-limited optical systems. The latter enabling the measurement of optical systems with more than one wave of aberration in the system wavefront. The interferometry configuration is a hybrid shearing and point diffraction interferometer system for testing an optical element that is positioned along an optical path including: a source of electromagnetic energy in the optical path; a first beam splitter that is secured to a device that includes means for maneuvering the first beam splitter in a first position wherein the first beam splitter is in the optical path dividing light from the source into a reference beam and a test beam and in a second position wherein the first beam splitter is outside the optical path: a hybrid mask which includes a first section that defines a test window and at least one reference pinhole and a second section that defines a second beam splitter wherein the hybrid mask is secured to a device that includes means for maneuvering either the first section or the second section into the optical path positioned in an image plane that is created by the optical element, with the proviso that the first section of the hybrid mask is positioned in the optical path when first beam splitter is positioned in the optical path; and a detector positioned after the hybrid mask along the optical path.

Goldberg, Kenneth Alan; Naulleau, Patrick P.

2003-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

248

Steam generator tube failures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review and summary of the available information on steam generator tubing failures and the impact of these failures on plant safety is presented. The following topics are covered: pressurized water reactor (PWR), Canadian deuterium uranium (CANDU) reactor, and Russian water moderated, water cooled energy reactor (VVER) steam generator degradation, PWR steam generator tube ruptures, the thermal-hydraulic response of a PWR plant with a faulted steam generator, the risk significance of steam generator tube rupture accidents, tubing inspection requirements and fitness-for-service criteria in various countries, and defect detection reliability and sizing accuracy. A significant number of steam generator tubes are defective and are removed from service or repaired each year. This wide spread damage has been caused by many diverse degradation mechanisms, some of which are difficult to detect and predict. In addition, spontaneous tube ruptures have occurred at the rate of about one every 2 years over the last 20 years, and incipient tube ruptures (tube failures usually identified with leak detection monitors just before rupture) have been occurring at the rate of about one per year. These ruptures have caused complex plant transients which have not always been easy for the reactor operators to control. Our analysis shows that if more than 15 tubes rupture during a main steam line break, the system response could lead to core melting. Although spontaneous and induced steam generator tube ruptures are small contributors to the total core damage frequency calculated in probabilistic risk assessments, they are risk significant because the radionuclides are likely to bypass the reactor containment building. The frequency of steam generator tube ruptures can be significantly reduced through appropriate and timely inspections and repairs or removal from service.

MacDonald, P.E.; Shah, V.N.; Ward, L.W.; Ellison, P.G.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

828 | VOL.9 NO.8 | AUGUST2012 | nAture methods dispersal of organisms generates gene flow between  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and evolutionary factors shape dispersal is criti- cal for the understanding of how species will cope with shifting between populations. identifying factors that influence dispersal will help predict how species will cope theoretical models in spatial ecology. Space plays a pivotal role in the understanding of most evolution- ary

Cai, Long

250

CHARYBDIS: A Black hole event generator.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model of black hole production and decay which can be interfaced to existing Monte Carlo programs using the Les Houches accord [4]. The major new theoretical input to the generator is the inclusion of the recently calculated ‘grey-body’ factors for black... ? TH geometric arguments show that ?l,m? ? (?rh)2 in any number of dimensions, which means that at high energies the shape of the spectrum is like that of a black body. However the low energy behaviour of the grey-body factors is spin-dependent and also...

Harris, Chris M; Richardson, P; Webber, Bryan R

251

Ultralow-threshold laser and blue shift cooperative luminescence in a Yb{sup 3+} doped silica microsphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental investigation on ultralow threshold laser and blue shift cooperative luminescence (CL) in a Yb{sup 3+} doped silica microsphere (YDSM) with continuous-wave 976 nm laser diode pumping is reported. The experimental results show that the YDSM emits laser oscillation with ultralow threshold of 2.62 ?W, and the laser spectrum is modulated by the microsphere morphology characteristics. In addition, blue emission of YDSM is also observed with the increase of pump power, which is supposed to be generated by CL of excited Yb ion-pairs with the absorption of 976 nm photons and Si-O vibration phonons, and the process is explained with an energy level diagram. This property of the blue shift CL with phonons absorption in the Yb{sup 3+}doped microcavity makes it attractive for the application of laser cooling based on anti-Stokes fluorescence emission, if the Yb{sup 3+}doped microcavity made from with low phonon energy host materials.

Huang, Yantang, E-mail: g@fzu.edu.cn; Huang, Yu; Zhang, Peijin [College of Physics and Information Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fu Zhou, 350108 (China)] [College of Physics and Information Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fu Zhou, 350108 (China); Guo, Changlei [College of Physics and Information Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fu Zhou, 350108 (China) [College of Physics and Information Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fu Zhou, 350108 (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, Institute of Optoelectronic Technology, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005 (China)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

252

Observation and cancellation of the dc Stark shift in strontium optical lattice clocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Observation and cancellation of the dc Stark shift in strontium optical lattice clocks J fre- quency shift at the 10-13 level by comparing two strontium optical lattice clocks. This frequency candidates for future optical frequency references. Among them, the development of strontium lattice clocks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

253

Brain-shift aware risk map for Deep Brain Stimulation Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain-shift aware risk map for Deep Brain Stimulation Planning Bilger Alexandre 1 , Essert Caroline / Université de Strasbourg, FRANCE Abstract. In Deep Brain Stimulation surgery, the eciency of the pro- cedure of the placement is dicult due to brain shifts occurring during and after the procedure. We propose an approach

Boyer, Edmond

254

Approximation using scattered shifts of a multivariate Ronald DeVore and Amos Ron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approximation using scattered shifts of a multivariate function # Ronald DeVore and Amos Ron February 17, 2008 Abstract The approximation of a general d­variate function f by the shifts #(· - #), # # # # R d , of a fixed function # occurs in many applications such as data fit­ ting, neural networks

Liblit, Ben

255

Electromagnetic Interrogation and the Doppler Shift Using the Method of Mappings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interrogation and the Doppler Shift Using the Method of Mappings H.T. Banks, Shuhua University Raleigh, NC 27695-8212 December 11, 2009 Abstract We consider the electromagnetic detection of a Doppler shift for an electromagnetic wave reflecting from a moving interface. This entails solving Maxwell

256

FRACTAL TILES ASSOCIATED WITH SHIFT RADIX SYSTEMS VALERIE BERTHE, ANNE SIEGEL, WOLFGANG STEINER, PAUL SURER,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRACTAL TILES ASSOCIATED WITH SHIFT RADIX SYSTEMS VAL´ERIE BERTH´E, ANNE SIEGEL, WOLFGANG STEINER to fractal shapes, such as the classical Rauzy fractal and the twin dragon. These fractals turned out a collection of fractal tiles with shift radix systems. We show that for certain classes of parameters r

257

Global warming shifts Pacific tropical cyclone location MinHo Kwon,1,3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global warming shifts Pacific tropical cyclone location Tim Li,1 MinHo Kwon,1,3 Ming Zhao,3 Jong) is used to investigate the change of tropical cyclone frequency in the North Pacific under global warming, and W. Yu (2010), Global warming shifts Pacific tropical cyclone location, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L

Li, Tim

258

Direct quadrature phase shift keying modulator using six-port technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct quadrature phase shift keying modulator using six-port technology Y. Zhao, C. Viereck, J.F. Frigon, R.G. Bosisio and K. Wu A direct quadrature phase shift keying modulator based on six-port technology is presented. The modulator comprises a six-port circuit, a switch matrix and open and short

Frigon, Jean-François

259

Agent Cooperatives for Effective Power Consumption Shifting Charilaos Akasiadis and Georgios Chalkiadakis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduced electricity price rates, given their different load shifting capabilities. This allows even agents of household energy pricing. In addition, due to in- creased levels of consumer uncertainty regarding imminent applicable scheme for electricity consumption shifting and effective de- mand curve flattening. The scheme

Chalkiadakis, Georgios

260

Agent Cooperatives for Effective Power Consumption Shifting Charilaos Akasiadis and Georgios Chalkiadakis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduced electricity price rates, given their different load shifting capabilities. This allows even agents- ization of household energy pricing. In addition, due to in- creased levels of consumer uncertainty applicable scheme for electricity consumption shifting and effective de- mand curve flattening. The scheme

Chalkiadakis, Georgios

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

SOFIC TREE-SHIFTS NATHALIE AUBRUN AND MARIE-PIERRE BEAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOFIC TREE-SHIFTS NATHALIE AUBRUN AND MARIE-PIERRE B´EAL Abstract. We introduce the notion of sofic-PIERRE B´EAL We introduce the notion of irreducible sofic tree-shifts. We show, that, unlike for sofic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

262

Coal-fired generation staging a comeback. 2nd ed.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report is an overview of the renewed U.S. market interest in coal-fired power generation. It provides a concise look at what is driving interest in coal-fired generation, the challenges faced in implementing coal-fired generation projects, and the current and future state of coal-fired generation. Topics covered in the report include: An overview of coal-fired generation including its history, the current market environment, and its future prospects; An analysis of the key business factors that are driving renewed interest in coal-fired generation; An analysis of the challenges that are hindering the implementation of coal-fired generation projects; A description of coal-fired generation technologies; A review of the economic drivers of coal-fired generation project success; An evaluation of coal-fired generation versus other generation technologies; A discussion of the key government initiatives supporting new coal-fired generation; and A listing of planned coal-fired generation projects. 13 figs., 12 tabs., 1 app.

NONE

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Development of Novel Water-Gas Shift Membrane Reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the objectives, technical barrier, approach, and accomplishments for the development of a novel water-gas-shift (WGS) membrane reactor for hydrogen enhancement and CO reduction. We have synthesized novel CO{sub 2}-selective membranes with high CO{sub 2} permeabilities and high CO{sub 2}/H{sub 2} and CO{sub 2}/CO selectivities by incorporating amino groups in polymer networks. We have also developed a one-dimensional non-isothermal model for the countercurrent WGS membrane reactor. The modeling results have shown that H{sub 2} enhancement (>99.6% H{sub 2} for the steam reforming of methane and >54% H{sub 2} for the autothermal reforming of gasoline with air on a dry basis) via CO{sub 2} removal and CO reduction to 10 ppm or lower are achievable for synthesis gases. With this model, we have elucidated the effects of system parameters, including CO{sub 2}/H{sub 2} selectivity, CO{sub 2} permeability, sweep/feed flow rate ratio, feed temperature, sweep temperature, feed pressure, catalyst activity, and feed CO concentration, on the membrane reactor performance. Based on the modeling study using the membrane data obtained, we showed the feasibility of achieving H{sub 2} enhancement via CO{sub 2} removal, CO reduction to {le} 10 ppm, and high H{sub 2} recovery. Using the membrane synthesized, we have obtained <10 ppm CO in the H{sub 2} product in WGS membrane reactor experiments. From the experiments, we verified the model developed. In addition, we removed CO{sub 2} from a syngas containing 17% CO{sub 2} to about 30 ppm. The CO{sub 2} removal data agreed well with the model developed. The syngas with about 0.1% CO{sub 2} and 1% CO was processed to convert the carbon oxides to methane via methanation to obtain <5 ppm CO in the H{sub 2} product.

Ho, W. S. Winston

2004-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

264

Regression models Consequences of auto-generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with conventional models 2 Consequences of auto-generation Sampling bias Volunteer samples Joint distributions of Y into two components x1(u) = (variety(u), treatment(u), . . .) affecting the mean x2(u) = (block; ) = Nn(X1, 2 0In + 2 1K[x2])(A) A Rn, K[x] = {K(xi, xj)} block-factor models: K(i, j) = 1 if block

McCullagh, Peter

265

MHD Generating system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

According to the present invention, coal combustion gas is the primary working fluid and copper or a copper alloy is the electrodynamic fluid in the MHD generator, thereby eliminating the heat exchangers between the combustor and the liquid-metal MHD working fluids, allowing the use of a conventional coalfired steam bottoming plant, and making the plant simpler, more efficient and cheaper. In operation, the gas and liquid are combined in a mixer and the resulting two-phase mixture enters the MHD generator. The MHD generator acts as a turbine and electric generator in one unit wherein the gas expands, drives the liquid across the magnetic field and thus generates electrical power. The gas and liquid are separated, and the available energy in the gas is recovered before the gas is exhausted to the atmosphere. Where the combustion gas contains sulfur, oxygen is bubbled through a side loop to remove sulfur therefrom as a concentrated stream of sulfur dioxide. The combustor is operated substoichiometrically to control the oxide level in the copper.

Petrick, Michael (Joliet, IL); Pierson, Edward S. (Chicago, IL); Schreiner, Felix (Mokena, IL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Thermoelectricity is produced by applying a temperature differential to dissimilar electrically conducting or semiconducting materials, thereby producing a voltage that is proportional to the temperature difference. Thermoelectric generators use this effect to directly convert heat into electricity; however, presently-known generators have low efficiencies due to the production of high currents which in turn cause large resistive heating losses. Some thermoelectric generators operate at efficiencies between 4% and 7% in the 800{degrees} to 1200{degrees}C range. According to its major aspects and bradly stated, the present invention is an apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. In particular, the invention is a thermoelectric generator that juxtaposes a superconducting material and a semiconducting material - so that the superconducting and the semiconducting materials touch - to convert heat energy into electrical energy without resistive losses in the temperature range below the critical temperature of the superconducting material. Preferably, an array of superconducting material is encased in one of several possible configurations within a second material having a high thermal conductivity, preferably a semiconductor, to form a thermoelectric generator.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

High efficiency radioisotope thermophotovoltaic prototype generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator space power system (RTPV) is lightweight, low-cost alternative to the present radioisotope thermoelectric generator system (RTG). The fabrication of such an RTPV generator has recently become feasible as the result of the invention of the GaSb infrared sensitive photovoltaic cell. Herein, the authors present the results of a parametric study of emitters and optical filters in conjuction with existing data on gallium antimonide cells. They compare a polished tungsten emitter with an Erbia selective emitter for use in combination with a simple dielectric filter and a gallium antimonide cell array. They find that the polished tungsten emitter is by itself a very selective emitter with low emissivity beyond 4 microns. Given a gallium antimonide cell and a tungsten emitter, a simple dielectric filter can be designed to transmit radiant energy below 1.7 microns and to reflect radiant energy between 1.7 and 4 microns back to the emitter. Because of the low long wavelength emissivity associated with the polished tungsten emitter, this simple dielectric filter then yields very respectable system performance. Also as a result of the longer wavelength fall-off in the tungsten emissivity curve, the radiation energy peak for a polished tungsten emitter operating at 1300 K shifts to shorter wavelengths relative to the blackbody spectrum so that the radiated energy peak falls right at the gallium antimonide cell bandedge. The result is that the response of the gallium antimonide cell is well matched to a polished tungsten emitter. The authors propose, therefore, to fabricate an operating prototype of a near term radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator design consisting of a polished tungsten emitter, standard gallium antimonide cells, and a near-term dielectric filter.

Avery, J.E.; Samaras, J.E.; Fraas, L.M.; Ewell, R. [JX Crystals, Inc., Issaquah, WA (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Combined search for the quarks of a sequential fourth generation  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Results are presented from a search for a fourth generation of quarks produced singly or in pairs in a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5??fb?1 recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2011. A novel strategy has been developed for a combined search for quarks of the up and down type in decay channels with at least one isolated muon or electron. Limits on the mass of the fourth-generation quarks and the relevant Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix elements are derived in the context of a simple extension of the standard model with a sequential fourth generation of fermions. The existence of mass-degenerate fourth-generation quarks with masses below 685 GeV is excluded at 95% confidence level for minimal off-diagonal mixing between the third- and the fourth-generation quarks. With a mass difference of 25 GeV between the quark masses, the obtained limit on the masses of the fourth-generation quarks shifts by about ±20??GeV . These results significantly reduce the allowed parameter space for a fourth generation of fermions.

Chatrchyan, S.; Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Aguilo, E.; Bergauer, T.; Dragicevic, M.; Erö, J.; Fabjan, C.; Friedl, M.; Frühwirth, R.; Ghete, V. M.; Hammer, J.; Hörmann, N.; Hrubec, J.; Jeitler, M.; Kiesenhofer, W.; Knünz, V.; Krammer, M.; Krätschmer, I.; Liko, D.; Mikulec, I.; Pernicka, M.; Rahbaran, B.; Rohringer, C.; Rohringer, H.; Schöfbeck, R.; Strauss, J.; Taurok, A.; Waltenberger, W.; Walzel, G.; Widl, E.; Wulz, C.-E.; Mossolov, V.; Shumeiko, N.; Suarez Gonzalez, J.; Bansal, M.; Bansal, S.; Cornelis, T.; De Wolf, E. A.; Janssen, X.; Luyckx, S.; Mucibello, L.; Ochesanu, S.; Roland, B.; Rougny, R.; Selvaggi, M.; Staykova, Z.; Van Haevermaet, H.; Van Mechelen, P.; Van Remortel, N.; Van Spilbeeck, A.; Blekman, F.; Blyweert, S.; D’Hondt, J.; Gonzalez Suarez, R.; Kalogeropoulos, A.; Maes, M.; Olbrechts, A.; Van Doninck, W.; Van Mulders, P.; Van Onsem, G. P.; Villella, I.; Clerbaux, B.; De Lentdecker, G.; Dero, V.; Gay, A. P. R.; Hreus, T.; Léonard, A.; Marage, P. E.; Mohammadi, A.; Reis, T.; Thomas, L.; Vander Marcken, G.; Vander Velde, C.; Vanlaer, P.; Wang, J.; Adler, V.; Beernaert, K.; Cimmino, A.; Costantini, S.; Garcia, G.; Grunewald, M.; Klein, B.; Lellouch, J.; Marinov, A.; Mccartin, J.; Ocampo Rios, A. A.; Ryckbosch, D.; Strobbe, N.; Thyssen, F.; Tytgat, M.; Verwilligen, P.; Walsh, S.; Yazgan, E.; Zaganidis, N.; Basegmez, S.; Bruno, G.; Castello, R.; Ceard, L.; Delaere, C.; du Pree, T.; Favart, D.; Forthomme, L.; Giammanco, A.; Hollar, J.; Lemaitre, V.; Liao, J.; Militaru, O.; Nuttens, C.; Pagano, D.; Pin, A.; Piotrzkowski, K.; Schul, N.; Vizan Garcia, J. M.; Beliy, N.; Caebergs, T.; Daubie, E.; Hammad, G. H.; Alves, G. A.; Correa Martins Junior, M.; De Jesus Damiao, D.; Martins, T.; Pol, M. E.; Souza, M. H. G.; Aldá Júnior, W. L.; Carvalho, W.; Custódio, A.; Da Costa, E. M.; De Oliveira Martins, C.; Fonseca De Souza, S.; Matos Figueiredo, D.; Mundim, L.; Nogima, H.; Oguri, V.; Prado Da Silva, W. L.; Santoro, A.; Soares Jorge, L.; Sznajder, A.; Anjos, T. S.; Bernardes, C. A.; Dias, F. A.; Tomei, T.R. Fernandez Perez; Gregores, E. M.; Lagana, C.; Marinho, F.; Mercadante, P. G.; Novaes, S. F.; Padula, Sandra S.; Genchev, V.; Iaydjiev, P.; Piperov, S.; Rodozov, M.; Stoykova, S.; Sultanov, G.; Tcholakov, V.; Trayanov, R.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Hadjiiska, R.; Kozhuharov, V.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Bian, J. G.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.; Jiang, C. H.; Liang, D.; Liang, S.; Meng, X.; Tao, J.; Wang, J.; Wang, X.; Wang, Z.; Xiao, H.; Xu, M.; Zang, J.; Zhang, Z.; Asawatangtrakuldee, C.; Ban, Y.; Guo, S.; Guo, Y.; Li, W.; Liu, S.; Mao, Y.; Qian, S. J.; Teng, H.; Wang, D.; Zhang, L.; Zhu, B.; Zou, W.; Avila, C.; Gomez, J. P.; Gomez Moreno, B.; Osorio Oliveros, A. F.; Sanabria, J. C.; Godinovic, N.; Lelas, D.; Plestina, R.; Polic, D.; Puljak, I.; Antunovic, Z.; Kovac, M.; Brigljevic, V.; Duric, S.; Kadija, K.; Luetic, J.; Morovic, S.; Attikis, A.; Galanti, M.; Mavromanolakis, G.; Mousa, J.; Nicolaou, C.; Ptochos, F.; Razis, P. A.; Finger, M.; Finger, M.; Assran, Y.; Elgammal, S.; Ellithi Kamel, A.; Khalil, S.; Mahmoud, M. A.; Radi, A.; Kadastik, M.; Müntel, M.; Raidal, M.; Rebane, L.; Tiko, A.; Eerola, P.; Fedi, G.; Voutilainen, M.; Härkönen, J.; Heikkinen, A.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Kortelainen, M. J.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Mäenpää, T.; Peltola, T.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuovinen, E.; Ungaro, D.; Wendland, L.; Banzuzi, K.; Karjalainen, A.; Korpela, A.; Tuuva, T.; Besancon, M.; Choudhury, S.; Dejardin, M.; Denegri, D.; Fabbro, B.; Faure, J. L.; Ferri, F.; Ganjour, S.; Givernaud, A.; Gras, P.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Jarry, P.; Locci, E.; Malcles, J.; Millischer, L.; Nayak, A.; Rander, J.; Rosowsky, A.; Shreyber, I.; Titov, M.; Baffioni, S.; Beaudette, F.; Benhabib, L.; Bianchini, L.; Bluj, M.; Broutin, C.; Busson, P.; Charlot, C.; Daci, N.; Dahms, T.; Dobrzynski, L.; Granier de Cassagnac, R.; Haguenauer, M.; Miné, P.; Mironov, C.; Naranjo, I. N.; Nguyen, M.; Ochando, C.; Paganini, P.; Sabes, D.; Salerno, R.; Sirois, Y.; Veelken, C.; Zabi, A.; Agram, J.-L.; Andrea, J.; Bloch, D.; Bodin, D.; Brom, J.-M.; Cardaci, M.; Chabert, E. C.; Collard, C.; Conte, E.; Drouhin, F.; Ferro, C.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Gelé, D.; Goerlach, U.; Juillot, P.; Le Bihan, A.-C.; Van Hove, P.; Fassi, F.; Mercier, D.; Beauceron, S.; Beaupere, N.; Bondu, O.; Boudoul, G.; Chasserat, J.; Chierici, R.; Contardo, D.; Depasse, P.; El Mamouni, H.; Fay, J.; Gascon, S.; Gouzevitch, M.; Ille, B.; Kurca, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Mirabito, L.; Perries, S.; Sordini, V.; Tschudi, Y.; Verdier, P.; Viret, S.; Tsamalaidze, Z.; Anagnostou, G.; Beranek, S.; Edelhoff, M.; Feld, L.; Heracleous, N.; Hindrichs, O.; Jussen, R.; Klein, K.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Spherical neutron generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spherical neutron generator is formed with a small spherical target and a spherical shell RF-driven plasma ion source surrounding the target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) ion plasma is produced by RF excitation in the plasma ion source using an RF antenna. The plasma generation region is a spherical shell between an outer chamber and an inner extraction electrode. A spherical neutron generating target is at the center of the chamber and is biased negatively with respect to the extraction electrode which contains many holes. Ions passing through the holes in the extraction electrode are focused onto the target which produces neutrons by D-D or D-T reactions.

Leung, Ka-Ngo

2006-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

270

Thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator includes an intrinsically irreversible thermoacoustic heat engine coupled to a magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator. The heat engine includes an electrically conductive liquid metal as the working fluid and includes two heat exchange and thermoacoustic structure assemblies which drive the liquid in a push-pull arrangement to cause the liquid metal to oscillate at a resonant acoustic frequency on the order of 1000 Hz. The engine is positioned in the field of a magnet and is oriented such that the liquid metal oscillates in a direction orthogonal to the field of the magnet, whereby an alternating electrical potential is generated in the liquid metal. Low-loss, low-inductance electrical conductors electrically connected to opposite sides of the liquid metal conduct an output signal to a transformer adapted to convert the low-voltage, high-current output signal to a more usable higher voltage, lower current signal.

Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.

1984-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

271

Hyperbolic Graph Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Networks representing many complex systems in nature and society share some common structural properties like heterogeneous degree distributions and strong clustering. Recent research on network geometry has shown that those real networks can be adequately modeled as random geometric graphs in hyperbolic spaces. In this paper, we present a computer program to generate such graphs. Besides real-world-like networks, the program can generate random graphs from other well-known graph ensembles, such as the soft configuration model, random geometric graphs on a circle, or Erd\\H{o}s-R\\'enyi random graphs. The simulations show a good match between the expected values of different network structural properties and the corresponding empirical values measured in generated graphs, confirming the accurate behavior of the program.

Aldecoa, Rodrigo; Krioukov, Dmitri

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator includes an intrinsically irreversible thermoacoustic heat engine coupled to a magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator. The heat engine includes an electrically conductive liquid metal as the working fluid and includes two heat exchange and thermoacoustic structure assemblies which drive the liquid in a push-pull arrangement to cause the liquid metal to oscillate at a resonant acoustic frequency on the order of 1,000 Hz. The engine is positioned in the field of a magnet and is oriented such that the liquid metal oscillates in a direction orthogonal to the field of the magnet, whereby an alternating electrical potential is generated in the liquid metal. Low-loss, low-inductance electrical conductors electrically connected to opposite sides of the liquid metal conduct an output signal to a transformer adapted to convert the low-voltage, high-current output signal to a more usable higher voltage, lower current signal.

Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Los Alamos, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

External split field generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A generator includes a coil disposed about a core. A first stationary magnetic field source may be disposed on a first end portion of the core and a second stationary magnetic field source may be disposed on a second end portion of core. The first and second stationary magnetic field sources apply a stationary magnetic field to the coil. An external magnetic field source may be disposed outside the coil to apply a moving magnetic field to the coil. Electrical energy is generated in response to an interaction between the coil, the moving magnetic field, and the stationary magnetic field.

Thundat, Thomas George (Knoxville, TN); Van Neste, Charles W. (Kingston, TN); Vass, Arpad Alexander (Oak Ridge, TN)

2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

274

Options for Generating Steam Efficiently  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes how plant engineers can efficiently generate steam when there are steam generators and Heat Recovery Steam Generators in their plant. The process consists of understanding the performance characteristics of the various equipment...

Ganapathy, V.

275

The Generation Effect and Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. A. (2007). The generation effect: A meta- analyticBjork, R. A. (1988). The generation effect: Support for aE. J. (2012). The next generation: The value of reminding.

Rosner, Zachary Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Code Generation on Steroids: Enhancing COTS Code Generators via Generative Aspects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Code Generation on Steroids: Enhancing COTS Code Generators via Generative Aspects Cody Henthorne tilevich@cs.vt.edu Abstract Commercial of-the-shelf (COTS) code generators have become an integral part of modern commercial software development. Programmers use code generators to facilitate many tedious

Ryder, Barbara G.

277

Generating Resources Advisory Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capital and O&M Cost Estimates 10:15 am Reciprocating Engine Technologies John Robbins of Wartsila North) Capital Cost ($/kW) Heat Rate (Btu/kWh) Ramp Rate (Minutes) Biggest Most expensive Least Efficient SlowestGenerating Resources Advisory Committee February 27, 2014 Steven Simmons and Gillian Charles

278

New wave generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of a combined experimental and numerical study of the generation of internal waves using the novel internal wave generator design of Gostiaux et al. (2007). This mechanism, which involves a tunable source comprised of oscillating plates, has so far been used for a few fundamental studies of internal waves, but its full potential has yet to be realized. Our studies reveal that this approach is capable of producing a wide variety of two-dimensional wave fields, including plane waves, wave beams and discrete vertical modes in finite-depth stratifications. The effects of discretization by a finite number of plates, forcing amplitude and angle of propagation are investigated, and it is found that the method is remarkably efficient at generating a complete wave field despite forcing only one velocity component in a controllable manner. We furthermore find that the nature of the radiated wave field is well predicted using Fourier transforms of the spatial structure of the wave generator.

Mercier, Matthieu J; Mathur, Manikandan; Gostiaux, Louis; Peacock, Thomas; Dauxois, Thierry

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Iridium 191-M generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Potassium osmate, of the formula K.sub.2 Os O.sub.2 (OH).sub.4), used to make a column for the generation of Ir-191 m, which is used in first pass angiography to detect cardiac defects in patients.

Treves, Salvador (Newton, MA); Cheng, Chris C. (Brookline, MA)

1988-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

280

Energy generation in stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is a current opinion that thermonuclear fusion is the main source of the star activity. It is shown below that this source is not unique. There is another electrostatic mechanism of the energy generation which accompanies thermonuclear fusion. Probably, this approach can solve the solar neutrino problem.

B. V. Vasiliev

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Fuel cell generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

High temperature solid oxide electrolyte fuel cell generators which allow controlled leakage among plural chambers in a sealed housing. Depleted oxidant and fuel are directly reacted in one chamber to combust remaining fuel and preheat incoming reactants. The cells are preferably electrically arranged in a series-parallel configuration.

Isenberg, Arnold O. (Forest Hills, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Power Factor Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power factor control is a necessary ingredient in any successful Energy Management Program. Many companies are operating with power factors of 70% or less and are being penalized through the electrical utility bill. This paper starts by describing...

Viljoen, T. A.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Nuclear Power Generating Facilities (Maine)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The first subchapter of the statute concerning Nuclear Power Generating Facilities provides for direct citizen participation in the decision to construct any nuclear power generating facility in...

284

Next-Generation Photovoltaic Technologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Next-Generation Photovoltaic Technologies Next-Generation Photovoltaic Technologies Print Monday, 06 February 2012 15:48 Organic solar cells based on the polymerfullerene bulk...

285

Arnold Schwarzenegger DISTRIBUTED GENERATION DRIVETRAIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor DISTRIBUTED GENERATION DRIVETRAIN FOR WINDPOWER APPLICATION Prepared GENERATION DRIVETRAIN FOR WINDPOWER APPLICATION EISG AWARDEE Dehlsen Associates, LLC 7985 Armas Canyon Road

286

Analytical solutions for quantum walks on 1D chain with different shift operators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the discrete-time quantum walks on 1D Chain with the moving and swapping shift operators. We derive analytical solutions for the eigenvalues and eigenstates of the evolution operator U{sup -hat} using the Chebyshev polynomial technique, and calculate the long-time averaged probabilities for the two different shift operators respectively. It is found that the probability distributions for the moving and swapping shift operators display completely different characteristics. For the moving shift operator, the probability distribution exhibits high symmetry where the probabilities at mirror positions are equal. The probabilities are inversely proportional to the system size N and approach to zero as N??. On the contrary, for the swapping shift operator, the probability distribution is not symmetric, the probability distribution approaches to a power-law stationary distribution as N?? under certain coin parameter condition. We show that such power-law stationary distribution is determined by the eigenstates of the eigenvalues ±1 and calculate the intrinsic probability for different starting positions. Our findings suggest that the eigenstates corresponding to eigenvalues ±1 play an important role for the swapping shift operator. - Highlights: • QWs on 1D chain with the moving and swapping operators are studied for the first time. • We derive analytical results for the probability distribution for the two operators. •We compare the dynamics of QWs with two different shift operators. • We find the particular eigenvalues ±1 play an important role for the dynamics. • We use the Chebyshev technique to treat the problem.

Xu, Xin-Ping, E-mail: xuxp@mail.ihep.ac.cn [School of Physical Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006 (China); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of); Zhang, Xiao-Kun [School of Physical Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006 (China); Ide, Yusuke [Department of Information Systems Creation, Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University, Yokohama, Kanagawa 221-8686 (Japan); Konno, Norio [Department of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University, Hodogaya, Yokohama 240-8501 (Japan)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

287

Guide to good practices for the selection, training, and qualification of shift technical advisors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE Guide to Good Practices For the Selection, Training, and Qualification of Shift Technical Advisors can be used by any DOE nuclear facility that has implemented the shift technical advisor (STA) position. DOE Order 5480.20A, Personnel Selection, Qualification and Training Requirements for DOE Nuclear Facilities, states that only Category A reactors must have a shift technical advisor. However, many DOE nuclear facilities have implemented the shift technical advisor position to provide independent on-shift technical advice and counsel to the shift operating personnel to help determine cause and mitigation of facility accidents. Those DOE nuclear facilities that have implemented or are going to implement the shift technical advisor position will find this guide useful. This guide addresses areas that may be covered by other training programs. In these cases, it is unnecessary (and undesirable) to duplicate these areas in the STA training program as long as the specific skills and knowledge essential for STAs are addressed. The guide is based on the premise that the trainee has not completed any facility-specific training other than general employee training.

NONE

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Guide to good practices for the selection, training, and qualification of shift technical advisors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE Guide to Good Practices For The Selection, Training, and Qualification of Shift Technical Advisors can be used by any DOE nuclear facility that has implemented the shift technical advisor position. DOE Order 5480-20, ``Personnel Selection, Qualification, Training, and Staffing Requirements at DOE Reactor and Non-Reactor Nuclear Facilities,`` states that only Category A reactors must use shift technical advisor position. However, many DOE nuclear facilities have implemented the shift technical advisor position to provide independent on-shift technical advice and counsel to the shift operating personnel to help determine cause and mitigation of facility accidents. Those DOE nuclear facilities that have implemented or are going to implement the shift technical advisor position will find this guide useful. This guide addresses areas that may be covered by other training programs. In these cases, it is unnecessary (and undesirable) to duplicate these areas in the STA training program as long as the specific skills and knowledge essential for STAs are addressed. The guide is presented based on the premise that the trainee has not completed any facility-specific training other than general employee training.

Not Available

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

GENERATION AND RANDOM GENERATION: FROM SIMPLE GROUPS TO MAXIMAL SUBGROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENERATION AND RANDOM GENERATION: FROM SIMPLE GROUPS TO MAXIMAL SUBGROUPS TIMOTHY C. BURNESS of generators for G. It is well known that d(G) = 2 for all (non-abelian) finite simple groups. We prove that d investigate the random generation of maximal subgroups of simple and almost simple groups. By applying

Burness, Tim

290

GASIFICATION FOR DISTRIBUTED GENERATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recent emphasis in gasification technology development has been directed toward reduced-scale gasifier systems for distributed generation at remote sites. The domestic distributed power generation market over the next decade is expected to be 5-6 gigawatts per year. The global increase is expected at 20 gigawatts over the next decade. The economics of gasification for distributed power generation are significantly improved when fuel transport is minimized. Until recently, gasification technology has been synonymous with coal conversion. Presently, however, interest centers on providing clean-burning fuel to remote sites that are not necessarily near coal supplies but have sufficient alternative carbonaceous material to feed a small gasifier. Gasifiers up to 50 MW are of current interest, with emphasis on those of 5-MW generating capacity. Internal combustion engines offer a more robust system for utilizing the fuel gas, while fuel cells and microturbines offer higher electric conversion efficiencies. The initial focus of this multiyear effort was on internal combustion engines and microturbines as more realistic near-term options for distributed generation. In this project, we studied emerging gasification technologies that can provide gas from regionally available feedstock as fuel to power generators under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification, primarily coal-fed, has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries. Commercial-scale gasification activities are under way at 113 sites in 22 countries in North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia, according to the Gasification Technologies Council. Gasification studies were carried out on alfalfa, black liquor (a high-sodium waste from the pulp industry), cow manure, and willow on the laboratory scale and on alfalfa, black liquor, and willow on the bench scale. Initial parametric tests evaluated through reactivity and product composition were carried out on thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) equipment. These tests were evaluated and then followed by bench-scale studies at 1123 K using an integrated bench-scale fluidized-bed gasifier (IBG) which can be operated in the semicontinuous batch mode. Products from tests were solid (ash), liquid (tar), and gas. Tar was separated on an open chromatographic column. Analysis of the gas product was carried out using on-line Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). For selected tests, gas was collected periodically and analyzed using a refinery gas analyzer GC (gas chromatograph). The solid product was not extensively analyzed. This report is a part of a search into emerging gasification technologies that can provide power under 30 MW in a distributed generation setting. Larger-scale gasification has been used commercially for more than 50 years to produce clean synthesis gas for the refining, chemical, and power industries, and it is probable that scaled-down applications for use in remote areas will become viable. The appendix to this report contains a list, description, and sources of currently available gasification technologies that could be or are being commercially applied for distributed generation. This list was gathered from current sources and provides information about the supplier, the relative size range, and the status of the technology.

Ronald C. Timpe; Michael D. Mann; Darren D. Schmidt

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Goos-Hänchen like Shifts for Graphene Barrier in Constant Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a system of Dirac fermions in graphene submitted to a constant perpendicular magnetic field and scattered by a barrier potential. We show that our system can be used to establish a link with quantum optics through the Goos-H\\"{a}nchen shifts. This can be done by evaluating the corresponding transmission probability and shift phase. We obtain Goos-H\\"{a}nchen like shifts in terms of different physical parameters such as energy, electrostatic potential strength and magnetic field. On the light of this relation, we discuss the obtained results and make comparison with literature.

Ahmed Jellal; Miloud Mekkaoui; Youness Zahidi

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

292

Proton magnetic resonance studies of the chemical shifts occurring in propionic acid-dioxane solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Nxperimentaliy Gutowsky 1'ound S to be a linear function of Pl, Howevers Bhar end Lindstrom(I~ found deviations from the linear de- pendence g1ven in Gutowsky's report, These deviat1ons occur in the range of 5Q of acid by volume. The shift does not decrease... lines are displayed as the f10IlL is swept through 'the resonant value Since it was desire4 to find if the cheaical shift is tesperature de pendent~ 1t vas decided to neasure the shift at two tenperatures, One of those vas to be roc' tenperatuze...

Oldham, William J. Bryan

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Combined search for the quarks of a sequential fourth generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results are presented from a search for a fourth generation of quarks produced singly or in pairs in a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5 inverse femtobarns recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2011. A novel strategy has been developed for a combined search for quarks of the up- and down-type in decay channels with at least one isolated muon or electron. Limits on the mass of the fourth-generation quarks and the relevant CKM matrix elements are derived in the context of a simple extension of the standard model with a sequential fourth generation of fermions. The existence of mass-degenerate fourth-generation quarks with masses below 685 GeV is excluded at 95% confidence level for minimal off-diagonal mixing between the third- and the fourth-generation quarks. With a mass difference of 25 GeV between the quark masses, the obtained limit on the masses of the fourth-generation quarks shifts by about +/- 20 GeV. This result significantly reduces the allowed parameter space for a fourt...

Chatrchyan, Serguei; Sirunyan, Albert M; Tumasyan, Armen; Adam, Wolfgang; Aguilo, Ernest; Bergauer, Thomas; Dragicevic, Marko; Erö, Janos; Fabjan, Christian; Friedl, Markus; Fruehwirth, Rudolf; Ghete, Vasile Mihai; Hammer, Josef; Hörmann, Natascha; Hrubec, Josef; Jeitler, Manfred; Kiesenhofer, Wolfgang; Knünz, Valentin; Krammer, Manfred; Krätschmer, Ilse; Liko, Dietrich; Mikulec, Ivan; Pernicka, Manfred; Rahbaran, Babak; Rohringer, Christine; Rohringer, Herbert; Schöfbeck, Robert; Strauss, Josef; Taurok, Anton; Waltenberger, Wolfgang; Walzel, Gerhard; Widl, Edmund; Wulz, Claudia-Elisabeth; Mossolov, Vladimir; Shumeiko, Nikolai; Suarez Gonzalez, Juan; Bansal, Monika; Bansal, Sunil; Cornelis, Tom; De Wolf, Eddi A; Janssen, Xavier; Luyckx, Sten; Mucibello, Luca; Ochesanu, Silvia; Roland, Benoit; Rougny, Romain; Selvaggi, Michele; Staykova, Zlatka; Van Haevermaet, Hans; Van Mechelen, Pierre; Van Remortel, Nick; Van Spilbeeck, Alex; Blekman, Freya; Blyweert, Stijn; D'Hondt, Jorgen; Gonzalez Suarez, Rebeca; Kalogeropoulos, Alexis; Maes, Michael; Olbrechts, Annik; Van Doninck, Walter; Van Mulders, Petra; Van Onsem, Gerrit Patrick; Villella, Ilaria; Clerbaux, Barbara; De Lentdecker, Gilles; Dero, Vincent; Gay, Arnaud; Hreus, Tomas; Léonard, Alexandre; Marage, Pierre Edouard; Mohammadi, Abdollah; Reis, Thomas; Thomas, Laurent; Vander Marcken, Gil; Vander Velde, Catherine; Vanlaer, Pascal; Wang, Jian; Adler, Volker; Beernaert, Kelly; Cimmino, Anna; Costantini, Silvia; Garcia, Guillaume; Grunewald, Martin; Klein, Benjamin; Lellouch, Jérémie; Marinov, Andrey; Mccartin, Joseph; Ocampo Rios, Alberto Andres; Ryckbosch, Dirk; Strobbe, Nadja; Thyssen, Filip; Tytgat, Michael; Verwilligen, Piet; Walsh, Sinead; Yazgan, Efe; Zaganidis, Nicolas; Basegmez, Suzan; Bruno, Giacomo; Castello, Roberto; Ceard, Ludivine; Delaere, Christophe; Du Pree, Tristan; Favart, Denis; Forthomme, Laurent; Giammanco, Andrea; Hollar, Jonathan; Lemaitre, Vincent; Liao, Junhui; Militaru, Otilia; Nuttens, Claude; Pagano, Davide; Pin, Arnaud; Piotrzkowski, Krzysztof; Schul, Nicolas; Vizan Garcia, Jesus Manuel; Beliy, Nikita; Caebergs, Thierry; Daubie, Evelyne; Hammad, Gregory Habib; Alves, Gilvan; Correa Martins Junior, Marcos; De Jesus Damiao, Dilson; Martins, Thiago; Pol, Maria Elena; Henrique Gomes E Souza, Moacyr; Aldá Júnior, Walter Luiz; Carvalho, Wagner; Custódio, Analu; Da Costa, Eliza Melo; De Oliveira Martins, Carley; Fonseca De Souza, Sandro; Matos Figueiredo, Diego; Mundim, Luiz; Nogima, Helio; Oguri, Vitor; Prado Da Silva, Wanda Lucia; Santoro, Alberto; Soares Jorge, Luana; Sznajder, Andre; Souza Dos Anjos, Tiago; Bernardes, Cesar Augusto; De Almeida Dias, Flavia; Tomei, Thiago; De Moraes Gregores, Eduardo; Lagana, Caio; Da Cunha Marinho, Franciole; Mercadante, Pedro G; Novaes, Sergio F; Padula, Sandra; Genchev, Vladimir; Iaydjiev, Plamen; Piperov, Stefan; Rodozov, Mircho; Stoykova, Stefka; Sultanov, Georgi; Tcholakov, Vanio; Trayanov, Rumen; Vutova, Mariana; Dimitrov, Anton; Hadjiiska, Roumyana; Kozhuharov, Venelin; Litov, Leander; Pavlov, Borislav; Petkov, Peicho; Bian, Jian-Guo; Chen, Guo-Ming; Chen, He-Sheng; Jiang, Chun-Hua; Liang, Dong; Liang, Song; Meng, Xiangwei; Tao, Junquan; Wang, Jian; Wang, Xianyou; Wang, Zheng; Xiao, Hong; Xu, Ming; Zang, Jingjing; Zhang, Zhen; Asawatangtrakuldee, Chayanit; Ban, Yong; Guo, Shuang; Guo, Yifei; Li, Wenbo; Liu, Shuai; Mao, Yajun; Qian, Si-Jin; Teng, Haiyun; Wang, Dayong; Zhang, Linlin; Zhu, Bo; Zou, Wei; Avila, Carlos; Gomez, Juan Pablo; Gomez Moreno, Bernardo; Osorio Oliveros, Andres Felipe; Sanabria, Juan Carlos; Godinovic, Nikola; Lelas, Damir; Plestina, Roko; Polic, Dunja; Puljak, Ivica; Antunovic, Zeljko; Kovac, Marko; Brigljevic, Vuko; Duric, Senka; Kadija, Kreso; Luetic, Jelena; Morovic, Srecko; Attikis, Alexandros; Galanti, Mario; Mavromanolakis, Georgios; Mousa, Jehad; Nicolaou, Charalambos; Ptochos, Fotios; Razis, Panos A; Finger, Miroslav; Finger Jr, Michael; Assran, Yasser; Elgammal, Sherif; Ellithi Kamel, Ali; Khalil, Shaaban; Mahmoud, Mohammed; Radi, Amr; Kadastik, Mario; Müntel, Mait; Raidal, Martti; Rebane, Liis; Tiko, Andres; Eerola, Paula; Fedi, Giacomo; Voutilainen, Mikko; Härkönen, Jaakko; Heikkinen, Mika Aatos; Karimäki, Veikko; Kinnunen, Ritva; Kortelainen, Matti J; Lampén, Tapio; Lassila-Perini, Kati; Lehti, Sami; Lindén, Tomas; Luukka, Panja-Riina; Mäenpää, Teppo; Peltola, Timo; Tuominen, Eija; Tuominiemi, Jorma; Tuovinen, Esa; Ungaro, Donatella; Wendland, Lauri; Banzuzi, Kukka; Karjalainen, Ahti; Korpela, Arja; Tuuva, Tuure; Besancon, Marc; Choudhury, Somnath

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Calibrated vapor generator source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable vapor generator is disclosed that can provide a controlled source of chemical vapors, such as, narcotic or explosive vapors. This source can be used to test and calibrate various types of vapor detection systems by providing a known amount of vapors to the system. The vapor generator is calibrated using a reference ion mobility spectrometer. A method of providing this vapor is described, as follows: explosive or narcotic is deposited on quartz wool, placed in a chamber that can be heated or cooled (depending on the vapor pressure of the material) to control the concentration of vapors in the reservoir. A controlled flow of air is pulsed over the quartz wool releasing a preset quantity of vapors at the outlet. 10 figs.

Davies, J.P.; Larson, R.A.; Goodrich, L.D.; Hall, H.J.; Stoddard, B.D.; Davis, S.G.; Kaser, T.G.; Conrad, F.J.

1995-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

295

High power microwave generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microwave generator efficiently converts the energy of an intense relativistic electron beam (REB) into a high-power microwave emission using the Smith-Purcell effect which is related to Cerenkov radiation. Feedback for efficient beam bunching and high gain is obtained by placing a cylindrical Smith-Purcell transmission grating on the axis of a toroidal resonator. High efficiency results from the use of a thin cold annular highly-magnetized REB that is closely coupled to the resonant structure.

Ekdahl, C.A.

1983-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

296

QCD (&) event generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent developments in QCD phenomenology have spurred on several improved approaches to Monte Carlo event generation, relative to the post-LEP state of the art. In this brief review, the emphasis is placed on approaches for (1) consistently merging fixed-order matrix element calculations with parton shower descriptions of QCD radiation, (2) improving the parton shower algorithms themselves, and (3) improving the description of the underlying event in hadron collisions.

Skands, Peter Z.; /Fermilab

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Fuel cell generator energy dissipator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method are disclosed for eliminating the chemical energy of fuel remaining in a fuel cell generator when the electrical power output of the fuel cell generator is terminated. During a generator shut down condition, electrically resistive elements are automatically connected across the fuel cell generator terminals in order to draw current, thereby depleting the fuel

Veyo, Stephen Emery (Murrysville, PA); Dederer, Jeffrey Todd (Valencia, PA); Gordon, John Thomas (Ambridge, PA); Shockling, Larry Anthony (Pittsburgh, PA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Milliwatt Generator Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers progress on the Milliwatt Generator Project from April 1986 through March 1988. Activities included fuel processing and characterization, production of heat sources, fabrication of pressure-burst test units, compatibility studies, impact testing, and examination of surveillance units. The major task of the Los Alamos Milliwatt Generator Project is to fabricate MC2893A heat sources (4.0 W) for MC2730A radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGS) and MC3599 heat sources (4.5 W) for MC3500 RTGs. The MWG Project interfaces with the following contractors: Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque (designer); E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co. (Inc.), Savannah River Plant (fuel); Monsanto Research Corporation, Mound Facility (metal hardware); and General Electric Company, Neutron Devices Department (RTGs). In addition to MWG fabrication activities, Los Alamos is involved in (1) fabrication of pressure-burst test units, (2) compatibility testing and evaluation, (3) examination of surveillance units, and (4) impact testing and subsequent examination of compatibility and surveillance units.

Latimer, T.W.; Rinehart, G.H.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Modular Isotopic Thermoelectric Generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced RTG concepts utilizing improved thermoelectric materials and converter concepts are under study at Fairchild for DOE. The design described here is based on DOE's newly developed radioisotope heat source, and on an improved silicon-germanium material and a multicouple converter module under development at Syncal. Fairchild's assignment was to combine the above into an attractive power system for use in space, and to assess the specific power and other attributes of that design. The resultant design is highly modular, consisting of standard RTG slices, each producing ~24 watts at the desired output voltage of 28 volt. Thus, the design could be adapted to various space missions over a wide range of power levels, with little or no redesign. Each RTG slice consists of a 250-watt heat source module, eight multicouple thermoelectric modules, and standard sections of insulator, housing, radiator fins, and electrical circuit. The design makes it possible to check each thermoelectric module for electrical performance, thermal contact, leaktightness, and performance stability, after the generator is fully assembled; and to replace any deficient modules without disassembling the generator or perturbing the others. The RTG end sections provide the spring-loaded supports required to hold the free-standing heat source stack together during launch vibration. Details analysis indicates that the design offers a substantial improvement in specific power over the present generator of RTGs, using the same heat source modules. There are three copies in the file.

Schock, Alfred

1981-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

300

Optical harmonic generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The "extraordinary" or "e" directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90.degree.). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude "o" and "e" components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has "o" and "e" components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 ("o":"e" reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10.degree.. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axes ("o").

Summers, Mark A. (Livermore, CA); Eimerl, David (Pleasanton, CA); Boyd, Robert D. (Livermore, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Optical harmonic generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The extraordinary or e directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90/sup 0/). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude o and e components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has o and e components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 (o:e reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10/sup 0/. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axeses (o).

Summers, M.A.; Eimerl, D.; Boyd, R.D.

1982-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

302

Ignition distributor voltage generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a voltage pulse generator and ignition distributor comprising, a base, a shaft rotatably supported by the base, a distributor cap supported by the base having a center electrode and circumferentially spaced outer electrodes. The pulse generator and ignition distribution also include a first rotor driven by the shaft formed of electrical insulating material having electrically conductive means connected to the center terminal and a portion that rotates past the outer electrodes. The portion of the electrically conductive means that rotates past the outer electrodes is spaced from the outer electrodes to form a gap therebetween. A voltage pulse generator comprises a second rotor driven by the shaft, at least one permanent magnet and an annular pickup coil supported by the base. The pickup coil has inner turns and outer turns, the beginning turn of the inner turns connected to a first lead and the last turn of the outer turns connected to a second lead, the outer turns enclosing the inner turns. The pickup coil also has a circuit connected directly between the second lead and ground which is operative to provide a direct conductive path to ground for high frequency energy capacitively coupled to the outer turns from the gap discharge between the electrically conductive means of the first rotor and an outer electrode, the outer turns forming a grounded shield for the inner turns.

Boyer, J.A.

1986-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

303

9/4/12 Tigers in Nepal take the night shift to coexist with people | Business Standard 1/3www.business-standard.com/generalnews/news/tigers-in-nepal-takenight-shift-to-coexistpeople/52135/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9/4/12 Tigers in Nepal take the night shift to coexist with people | Business Standard 1/3www.business-standard.com/generalnews/news/tigers-in-nepal-takenight-shift-to-coexistpeople/52135/ Tuesday, Sep > General News Email this Facebook Twitter 0 Print this Tigers in Nepal take the night shift to coexist

304

9/4/12 Tigers in Nepal take the night shift to coexist with people -Indian Express 1/2www.indianexpress.com/news/tigers-in-nepal-take-the-night-shift-to-coexist-with-people/997714/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9/4/12 Tigers in Nepal take the night shift to coexist with people - Indian Express 1/2www.indianexpress.com/news/tigers-in-nepal-take-the-night-shift-to-coexist-with-people/997714/ Key Words | Unfashion | Talk Updated: Tue, 4 Sep 2012 14:24 IST Share | Tigers in Nepal take the night shift

305

Adsorption-induced surface core-level shifts of Pt(110)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed investigation of surface- and adsorbate-induced binding-energy shifts of the Pt 4f core level has been carried out using photoemission with synchrotron radiation. Spectra recorded from the clean Pt(110)-(1 x 2) surface show a single surface peak shifted by -0.46 eV relative to the bulk peak. This result is discussed in light of recent structural studies of the reconstructed Pt(110) surface. Adsorption of H, atomic and molecular oxygen, and CO reveal two surface-atom contributions, whose origins are discussed. In some cases the second peak is believed to arise from former bulk atoms that are influenced by the adsorbate. The main adsorption-induced shifts correlate with thermodynamic data in the framework of a Born-Haber cycle. The shifts cannot be directly rationalized in terms of a charge transfer between the adsorbate and the Pt surface atoms.

Dueckers, K.; Prince, K.C.; Bonzel, H.P.; Chab, V.; Horn, K.

1987-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

306

E-Print Network 3.0 - ac stark shifts Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in Figure 3A,C, we uncover the unusually broad higher order Stark line... to electrochromic band shifts which have been analyzed in detail elsewhere.9 The 2 Stark spectrum of...

307

Guide to good practices for control of on-shift training  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Control of On-Shift Training, Chapter V of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.'' The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing on-shift training programs. Contractors may use different methods as long as the intent is in agreement with DOE Order 5480.19. Control of On-Shift Training'' is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a coordinated on-shift training program to meet the continuous demand for skilled, well-trained personnel to promote safe and efficient operations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Guide to good practices for control of on-shift training  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Control of On-Shift Training, Chapter V of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, ``Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.`` The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing on-shift training programs. Contractors may use different methods as long as the intent is in agreement with DOE Order 5480.19. ``Control of On-Shift Training`` is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a coordinated on-shift training program to meet the continuous demand for skilled, well-trained personnel to promote safe and efficient operations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

E-Print Network 3.0 - attentional set-shifting task Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: attentional set-shifting task Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 BehavioralSystemsCognitive Double Dissociation of the Effects of Medial and Orbital Summary: ,b; Pantelis et...

310

Evaluation of image-shift measurement algorithms for solar Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context. Solar Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors measure differential wavefront tilts as the relative shift between images from different subapertures. There are several methods in use for measuring these shifts. Aims. We evaluate the inherent accuracy of the methods and the effects of various sources of error, such as noise, bias mismatch, and blurring. We investigate whether Z-tilts or G-tilts are measured. Methods. We test the algorithms on two kinds of artificial data sets, one corresponding to images with known shifts and one corresponding to seeing with different r_0. Results. Our results show that the best methods for shift measurements are based on the square difference function and the absolute difference function squared, with subpixel accuracy accomplished by use of two-dimensional quadratic interpolation. These methods measure Z-tilts rather than G-tilts.

Löfdahl, Mats G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Transitional development within shifting spheres of conflict : the Union of Palestinian Medical Relief Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines how an NGO can function and create change within the shifting domains of Palestinian stability and conflict through the case study of the Union of Palestinian Medical Relief Committee (UPMRC). Palestinian ...

Erekat, Dana (Dana M.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Technology, Knowledge, Culture, and Management: the keys The shift from industrial societies to information societies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology, Knowledge, Culture, and Management: the keys to success Abstract The shift from to success: technology, knowledge, culture and management. Organizations employ technology with the goal of improving efficiency and reducing operational costs. Hence technology structures within organizations must

Kopec, Danny

313

Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many features of the general circulation of the atmosphere shift upward in response to warming in simulations of climate change with both general circulation models (GCMs) and cloud-system-resolving models. The importance ...

Singh, Martin Simran

314

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic chemical shifts Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

200 300 Raman shift (cm -1 ) V V 90 V V 75 V V 60 V V 45 V V 30 V V 0 Intensity V V 15 Fig. ... Source: Maruyama, Shigeo - Department of Mechanical Engineering,...

315

Correlation chemical shift imaging with low-power adiabatic pulses and constant-density spiral trajectories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we introduce the concept of correlation chemical shift imaging (CCSI). Novel CCSI pulse sequences are demonstrated on clinical scanners for two-dimensional Correlation Spectroscopy (COSY) and Total Correlation ...

Andronesi, Ovidiu C.

316

Subverting value hierarchies : essays on the causes and responses to shifts in demand for authenticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation includes three essays on the causes and responses to shifts in demand for authenticity. In the first chapter, I answer the question: why do previously cast-off products, practices, or styles abruptly ...

Hahl, Oliver (Oliver Douglas)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

A Hierarchy of Irreducible Sofic Shifts Marie-Pierre Beal, Francesca Fiorenzi, and Dominique Perrin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Hierarchy of Irreducible Sofic Shifts Marie-Pierre B´eal, Francesca Fiorenzi, and Dominique {beal,perrin,fiorenzi}@univ-mlv.fr Abstract. We define new subclasses of the class of irreducible sofic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

318

A power regulator for the generators on the A.C. network calculator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regulator 6. The Thermocouple Transducer 7. The Detector Testing Layout 8, The Thermocvuplc Detector 9? Effect of. Varying Paver when feeintaining Vacs 12 15 17 and Voltage Constant 1Q. D. C. Thermocouple Voltage Vs, Generator Pover Output 19 11... is that the sucrsstion of generator outputs equals or exceeds the load on the system. power may be shifted from one generator to the other according to the condition under study. Thus, by loading sll but one unit to the desired levels and letting the other unit seek...

Francis, Lawrence Gregg

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

WATER-GAS SHIFT KINETICS OVER IRON OXIDE CATALYSTS AT MEMBRANE REACTOR CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers the second year of a project investigating water-gas shift catalysts for use in membrane reactors. It has been established that a simple iron high temperature shift catalyst becomes ineffective in a membrane reactor because the reaction rate is severely inhibited by the build-up of the product CO{sub 2}. During the past year, an improved microkinetic model for water-gas shift over iron oxide was developed. Its principal advantage over prior models is that it displays the correct asymptotic behavior at all temperatures and pressures as the composition approaches equilibrium. This model has been used to explore whether it might be possible to improve the performance of iron high temperature shift catalysts under conditions of high CO{sub 2} partial pressure. The model predicts that weakening the surface oxygen bond strength by less than 5% should lead to higher catalytic activity as well as resistance to rate inhibition at higher CO{sub 2} partial pressures. Two promoted iron high temperature shift catalysts were studied. Ceria and copper were each studied as promoters since there were indications in the literature that they might weaken the surface oxygen bond strength. Ceria was found to be ineffective as a promoter, but preliminary results with copper promoted FeCr high temperature shift catalyst show it to be much more resistant to rate inhibition by high levels of CO{sub 2}. Finally, the performance of sulfided CoMo/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalysts under conditions of high CO{sub 2} partial pressure was simulated using an available microkinetic model for water-gas shift over this catalyst. The model suggests that this catalyst might be quite effective in a medium temperature water-gas shift membrane reactor, provided that the membrane was resistant to the H{sub 2}S that is required in the feed.

Carl R.F. Lund

2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

320

Isotope shift and hyperfine structure studies of the krypton ion and the thallium atom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. , Northwest University, Xian, PRC Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Hans A. Schuessler The method of collinear I'ast beam laser spectroscopy has been used to measure the isotope shifts and hyperfine structure of the krypton ion and the thallium atom.... TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Page II THEORETICAL BACKGROUND A. Isotope Shift B. Hyperfine Structure C. King Plot Procedure D. Motivation for Kr II and Tl 4 5 7 8 III COLLINEAR FAST BEAM LASER SPECTROSCOPY METHOD IV EXPERIMENTAL...

Li, Yingfeng

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Extending the boundaries of the usage of NMR chemical shifts in deciphering biomolecular structure and dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Vrije Universiteit Brussel. The thesis represents original research done by the author, unless stated otherwise, and does not exceed the word- count limitation defined by the Degree Committee. Abbreviations COSMO - conductor-like screening model CSP... predictors for protein side-chain methyl CH3Shift and aromatic ArShift nuclei. Chapter 1 reviews the concepts used in the thesis, aiming to briefly introduce the essential background, rather than to review all the published research relevant to this work...

Sahakyan, Aleksandr B.

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

322

A study of an optimum filter for a random phase-shift keyed signal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

59 62 77 BIBLIOGRAPHY 85 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 1. Phase-shift key modulation 2, The filter problem 3. Block diagram representation of a delay modulator 12 4. A conceptual delay modulator for a phase- shift keyed signal 5. Random... PSK signal from the corruption of white noise. The fact that the PSK signal is random necessitates the use of a statistical theory of linear systems which was originated by Norbert Wiener. 3 The statistical filter problem is illustrated in Figure...

Barr, Frederick James

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

HYBRID CONTROL OF DISTRIBUTED GENERATORS CONNECTED TO WEAK RURAL NETWORKS TO MITIGATE VOLTAGE VARIATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thermal power plants will increase the total and proportion of capacity of Distributed Generation (DG@iee.org; Robin.Wallace@ed.ac.uk ABSTRACT Distributed generators are normally operated in automatic power factor-constrained bi- directional power flow may cause unacceptable voltage fluctuations that would cause generator

Harrison, Gareth

324

Nonlinear harmonic generation and devices in doubly resonant Kerr cavities Hila Hashemi,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear harmonic generation and devices in doubly resonant Kerr cavities Hila Hashemi,1 Alejandro of the nonlinear dynamics of third-harmonic generation 3 via Kerr 3 nonlinearities in a resonant cavity harmonic generation, by a factor of V/Q2 , where V is the modal volume and Q is the lifetime, and can even

325

Ice Thermal Storage Systems for LWR Supplemental Cooling and Peak Power Shifting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Availability of enough cooling water has been one of the major issues for the nuclear power plant site selection. Cooling water issues have frequently disrupted the normal operation at some nuclear power plants during heat waves and long draught. The issues become more severe due to the new round of nuclear power expansion and global warming. During hot summer days, cooling water leaving a power plant may become too hot to threaten aquatic life so that environmental regulations may force the plant to reduce power output or even temporarily to be shutdown. For new nuclear power plants to be built at areas without enough cooling water, dry cooling can be used to remove waste heat directly into the atmosphere. However, dry cooling will result in much lower thermal efficiency when the weather is hot. One potential solution for the above mentioned issues is to use ice thermal storage systems (ITS) that reduce cooling water requirements and boost the plant’s thermal efficiency in hot hours. ITS uses cheap off-peak electricity to make ice and uses those ice for supplemental cooling during peak demand time. ITS is suitable for supplemental cooling storage due to its very high energy storage density. ITS also provides a way to shift large amount of electricity from off peak time to peak time. Some gas turbine plants already use ITS to increase thermal efficiency during peak hours in summer. ITSs have also been widely used for building cooling to save energy cost. Among three cooling methods for LWR applications: once-through, wet cooling tower, and dry cooling tower, once-through cooling plants near a large water body like an ocean or a large lake and wet cooling plants can maintain the designed turbine backpressure (or condensation temperature) during 99% of the time; therefore, adding ITS to those plants will not generate large benefits. For once-through cooling plants near a limited water body like a river or a small lake, adding ITS can bring significant economic benefits and avoid forced derating and shutdown during extremely hot weather. For the new plants using dry cooling towers, adding the ice thermal storage systems can effectively reduce the efficiency loss and water consumption during hot weather so that new LWRs could be considered in regions without enough cooling water. \\ This paper presents the feasibility study of using ice thermal storage systems for LWR supplemental cooling and peak power shifting. LWR cooling issues and ITS application status will be reviewed. Two ITS application case studies will be presented and compared with alternative options: one for once-through cooling without enough cooling for short time, and the other with dry cooling. Because capital cost, especially the ice storage structure/building cost, is the major cost for ITS, two different cost estimation models are developed: one based on scaling method, and the other based on a preliminary design using Building Information Modeling (BIM), an emerging technology in Architecture/Engineering/Construction, which enables design options, performance analysis and cost estimating in the early design stage.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Phil Sharpe; Blaise Hamanaka; Wei Yan; WoonSeong Jeong

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A Red-Shifted, Fast-Relaxing Azobenzene Photoswitch for Visible Light Control of an Ionotropic Glutamate Receptor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Red-Shifted, Fast-Relaxing Azobenzene Photoswitch for Visible Light Control of an Ionotropic cores with a red-shifted cis-to-trans isomerization have been previously described, they have not yet ligand (PTL) approach. We report the synthesis and characterization of a red-shifted PTL, L-MAG0460

Trauner, Dirk

327

Linguistic Alignment in Natural Language Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that are instantiated at generation time. . . . . . . . .that are instantiated at generation time. . Illustration ofin Natural Language Generation by Gabrielle Halberg

Halberg, Gabrielle Manya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Highly stable aerosol generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved compressed air nebulizer has been developed such that a uniform aerosol particle size and concentration may be produced over long time periods. This result is achieved by applying a vacuum pressure to the makeup assembly and by use of a vent tube between the atmosphere and the makeup solution. By applying appropriate vacuum pressures to the makeup solution container and by proper positioning of the vent tube, a constant level of aspirating solution may be maintained within the aspirating assembly with aspirating solution continuously replaced from the makeup solution supply. This device may also be adapted to have a plurality of aerosol generators and only one central makeup assembly. 2 figs.

DeFord, H.S.; Clark, M.L.

1981-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

329

Hermetic turbine generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A Rankine cycle turbine drives an electric generator and a feed pump, all on a single shaft, and all enclosed within a hermetically sealed case. The shaft is vertically oriented with the turbine exhaust directed downward and the shaft is supported on hydrodynamic fluid film bearings using the process fluid as lubricant and coolant. The selection of process fluid, type of turbine, operating speed, system power rating, and cycle state points are uniquely coordinated to achieve high turbine efficiency at the temperature levels imposed by the recovery of waste heat from the more prevalent industrial processes.

Meacher, John S. (Ballston Lake, NY); Ruscitto, David E. (Ballston Spa, NY)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Computer generated holographic microtags  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microlithographic tag comprising an array of individual computer generated holographic patches having feature sizes between 250 and 75 nanometers is disclosed. The tag is a composite hologram made up of the individual holographic patches and contains identifying information when read out with a laser of the proper wavelength and at the proper angles of probing and reading. The patches are fabricated in a steep angle Littrow readout geometry to maximize returns in the -1 diffracted order. The tags are useful as anti-counterfeiting markers because of the extreme difficulty in reproducing them. 5 figs.

Sweatt, W.C.

1998-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

331

Generation | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecember 2005DepartmentDecember U.S.FinancialofFuelDepartment ofGeneralGeneration

332

Next Generation Materials:  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2EnergyDepartment ofNews News RecentNext Generation

333

Meson electromagnetic form factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electromagnetic structure of the pseudoscalar meson nonet is completely described by the sophisticated Unitary&Analytic model, respecting all known theoretical properties of the corresponding form factors.

Stanislav Dubnicka; Anna Z. Dubnickova

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

334

Energy Generation by State and Technology (2009) - Energy Generation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Generation by Fuel ... Download Energy Generation by Fuel Source and State, 2009 URL: http:en.openei.orgdatasetsdataset03f65dc9-ddc9-41ce-806f-edafad486a1fresource...

335

RF power generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reviews the main types of r.f. power amplifiers which are, or may be, used for particle accelerators. It covers solid-state devices, tetrodes, inductive output tubes, klystrons, magnetrons, and gyrotrons with power outputs greater than 10 kW c.w. or 100 kW pulsed at frequencies from 50 MHz to 30 GHz. Factors affecting the satisfactory operation of amplifiers include cooling, matching and protection circuits are discussed. The paper concludes with a summary of the state of the art for the different technologies.

Carter, R G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Nucleon and $?$ elastic and transition form factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute nucleon and Delta elastic and transition form factors, and compare predictions made using a framework built upon a Faddeev equation kernel and interaction vertices that possess QCD-like momentum dependence with results obtained using a vector-vector contact-interaction. The comparison emphasises that experiment is sensitive to the momentum dependence of the running couplings and masses in the strong interaction sector of the Standard Model and highlights that the key to describing hadron properties is a veracious expression of dynamical chiral symmetry breaking in the bound-state problem. Amongst the results we describe, the following are of particular interest: $G_E^p(Q^2)/G_M^p(Q^2)$ possesses a zero at $Q^2=9.5GeV^2$; any change in the interaction which shifts a zero in the proton ratio to larger $Q^2$ relocates a zero in $G_E^n(Q^2)/G_M^n(Q^2)$ to smaller $Q^2$; and there is likely a value of momentum transfer above which $G_E^n>G_E^p$. Regarding the $\\Delta(1232)$-baryon, we find that, inter alia: the electric monopole form factor exhibits a zero; the electric quadrupole form factor is negative, large in magnitude, and sensitive to the nature and strength of correlations in the $\\Delta(1232)$ Faddeev amplitude; and the magnetic octupole form factor is negative so long as rest-frame P- and D-wave correlations are included. In connection with the N-to-Delta transition, the momentum-dependence of the magnetic transition form factor, $G_M^\\ast$, matches that of $G_M^n$ once the momentum transfer is high enough to pierce the meson-cloud; and the electric quadrupole ratio is a keen measure of diquark and orbital angular momentum correlations.

Jorge Segovia; Ian C. Cloet; Craig D. Roberts; Sebastian M. Schmidt

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

337

A self-consistent regime of generation of terahertz radiation by an optical pulse with a tilted intensity front  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We derived a self-consistent system of nonlinear wave equations describing the terahertz generation in dielectric uniaxial crystals by optical pulsed radiation with a tilted wavefront. The numerical analysis of the system of equations showed that the generation of a broadband one-period terahertz signal is accompanied by a red shift of the carrier frequency of the optical pulse, the magnitude of the shift being proportional to the pulse intensity. The generation efficiency with respect to energy reached a maximum at a certain distance of propagation in the crystal, after which the efficiency decreased. A satisfactory agreement was obtained between theoretical calculations and experimental data of other investigations. (generation of terahertz radiation)

Bugai, A N; Sazonov, S V; Shashkov, Andrei Yu

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

338

Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Iowa imposes a replacement generation tax of 0.06 cents ($0.0006) per kilowatt-hour (kWh) on various forms of electricity generated within the state. This tax is imposed in lieu of a property tax...

339

Steam generator tube rupture study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report describes our investigation of steam generator behavior during a postulated tube rupture accident. Our study was performed using the steam generator, thermal-hydraulic analysis code THERMIT-UTSG. The purpose ...

Free, Scott Thomas

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Energy Generation Project Permitting (Vermont)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vermont Energy Generation Siting Policy Commission is mandated to survey best practices for siting approval of electric generation projects (all facilities except for net- and group-net-metered...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Transition-fault test generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. One way to detect these timing defects is to apply test patterns to the integrated circuit that are generated using the transition-fault model. Unfortunately, industry's current transition-fault test generation schemes produce test sets that are too...

Cobb, Bradley Douglas

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

342

Peak power ratio generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A peak power ratio generator is described for measuring, in combination with a conventional power meter, the peak power level of extremely narrow pulses in the gigahertz radio frequency bands. The present invention in a preferred embodiment utilizes a tunnel diode and a back diode combination in a detector circuit as the only high speed elements. The high speed tunnel diode provides a bistable signal and serves as a memory device of the input pulses for the remaining, slower components. A hybrid digital and analog loop maintains the peak power level of a reference channel at a known amount. Thus, by measuring the average power levels of the reference signal and the source signal, the peak power level of the source signal can be determined.

Moyer, Robert D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Downhole hydraulic seismic generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A downhole hydraulic seismic generator system for transmitting energy wave vibrations into earth strata surrounding a borehole. The system contains an elongated, unitary housing operably connected to a well head aboveground by support and electrical cabling, and contains clamping apparatus for selectively clamping the housing to the walls of the borehole. The system further comprises a hydraulic oscillator containing a double-actuating piston whose movement is controlled by an electro-servovalve regulating a high pressure hydraulic fluid flow into and out of upper and lower chambers surrounding the piston. The spent hydraulic fluid from the hydraulic oscillator is stored and pumped back into the system to provide high pressure fluid for conducting another run at the same, or a different location within the borehole.

Gregory, Danny L. (Corrales, NM); Hardee, Harry C. (Albuquerque, NM); Smallwood, David O. (Albuquerque, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

MHD Generation Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A program to generate codes in Fortran and C of the full Magnetohydrodynamic equations is shown. The program used the free computer algebra system software REDUCE. This software has a package called EXCALC, which is an exterior calculus program. The advantage of this program is that it can be modified to include another complex metric or spacetime. The output of this program is modified by means of a LINUX script which creates a new REDUCE program to manipulate the MHD equations to obtain a code that can be used as a seed for a MHD code for numerical applications. As an example, we present part of output of our programs for Cartesian coordinates and how to do the discretization.

Frutos-Alfaro, Francisco

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Stratified vapor generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stratified vapor generator (110) comprises a first heating section (H.sub.1) and a second heating section (H.sub.2). The first and second heating sections (H.sub.1, H.sub.2) are arranged so that the inlet of the second heating section (H.sub.2) is operatively associated with the outlet of the first heating section (H.sub.1). A moisture separator (126) having a vapor outlet (164) and a liquid outlet (144) is operatively associated with the outlet (124) of the second heating section (H.sub.2). A cooling section (C.sub.1) is operatively associated with the liquid outlet (144) of the moisture separator (126) and includes an outlet that is operatively associated with the inlet of the second heating section (H.sub.2).

Bharathan, Desikan (Lakewood, CO); Hassani, Vahab (Golden, CO)

2008-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

347

Tailpulse signal generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tailpulse signal generating/simulating apparatus, system, and method designed to produce electronic pulses which simulate tailpulses produced by a gamma radiation detector, including the pileup effect caused by the characteristic exponential decay of the detector pulses, and the random Poisson distribution pulse timing for radioactive materials. A digital signal process (DSP) is programmed and configured to produce digital values corresponding to pseudo-randomly selected pulse amplitudes and pseudo-randomly selected Poisson timing intervals of the tailpulses. Pulse amplitude values are exponentially decayed while outputting the digital value to a digital to analog converter (DAC). And pulse amplitudes of new pulses are added to decaying pulses to simulate the pileup effect for enhanced realism in the simulation.

Baker, John (Walnut Creek, CA); Archer, Daniel E. (Knoxville, TN); Luke, Stanley John (Pleasanton, CA); Decman, Daniel J. (Livermore, CA); White, Gregory K. (Livermore, CA)

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

348

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, John D. (Eaton's Neck, NY); El-Genk, Mohamed S. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat is disclosed. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device. 4 figs.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

350

Self-assembling software generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A technique to generate an executable task includes inspecting a task specification data structure to determine what software entities are to be generated to create the executable task, inspecting the task specification data structure to determine how the software entities will be linked after generating the software entities, inspecting the task specification data structure to determine logic to be executed by the software entities, and generating the software entities to create the executable task.

Bouchard, Ann M. (Albuquerque, NM); Osbourn, Gordon C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

351

Generational Policy Laurence J. Kotlikoff  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generational Policy by Laurence J. Kotlikoff Boston University The National Bureau of Economic;1 Abstract Generational policy is a fundamental aspect of a nation's fiscal affairs. The policy involves generational policy works, how it's measured, and how much it matters to virtual as well as real economies

Spence, Harlan Ernest

352

Second Harmonic Generation From Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Second Harmonic Generation From Surfaces Nicolas Tancogne-Dejean, Valérie Véniard Condensed Matter/DSM European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility #12;2 Outline Nonlinear optic and second harmonic generation;4 Second harmonic generation First nonlinear term Centrosymmetric material : (2) = 0 (3)First nonlinear

Botti, Silvana

353

Electricity Generation by Rhodopseudomonas palustris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,6). Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 and Geobacter sulfurreducens PCA are two DMRB capable of electricity generationElectricity Generation by Rhodopseudomonas palustris DX-1 D E F E N G X I N G , , Y I Z U O manuscript received March 20, 2008. Accepted March 25, 2008. Bacteria able to generate electricity

354

Generation of strongly chaotic beats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The letter proposes a procedure for generation of strongly chaotic beats that have been hardly obtainable hitherto. The beats are generated in a nonlinear optical system governing second-harmonic generation of light. The proposition is based on the concept of an optical coupler but can be easily adopted to other nonlinear systems and Chua's circuits.

I. Sliwa; P. Szlachetka; K. Grygiel

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

355

ransmission, rather than generation, is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T ransmission, rather than generation, is generally the con- straint preventing cus- tomers from to expand transmission capacity adequately: Over 40 years, the amount of electricity generated in the United customers, with a few ties to neighbors in case a generator went down. That system was never designed for

356

DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND COGENERATION POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND COGENERATION POLICY ROADMAP FOR CALIFORNIA to the development of this report by the Energy Commission's Distributed Generation Policy Advisory Team; Melissa;ABSTRACT This report defines a year 2020 policy vision for distributed generation and cogeneration

357

Red-Shift Distribution of Gamma-ray Bursts and Their Progenitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma ray bursts have been divided into two classes, long-soft gamma ray burst and short-hard gamma ray burst according to the bimodal distribution in duration time. Due to the harder spectrum and the lack of afterglows of short-hard bursts in optical and radio observations, different progenitors for short-hard bursts and long-soft bursts have been suggested. Based on the X-ray afterglow observation and the cumulative red-shift distribution of short-hard bursts, Nakar et al. (2006) found that the progenitors of short-hard bursts are consistent with old populations, such as mergers of binary neutron stars. Recently, the existence of two subclasses in long-soft bursts has been suggested after considering multiple characteristics of gamma-ray bursts, including fluences and the duration time. In this work, we extended the analysis of cumulative red-shift distribution to two possible subclasses in L-GRBs. We found that two possible subclass GRBs show different red-shift distributions, especially for red-shifts z > 1. Our results indicate that the accumulative red-shift distribution can be used as a tool to constrain the progenitor characteristics of possible subclasses in L-GRBs.

Soomin Jeong; Chang-Hwan Lee

2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

358

Solution generating theorems for the TOV equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkov [TOV] equation constrains the internal structure of general relativistic static perfect fluid spheres. We develop several "solution generating" theorems for the TOV, whereby any given solution can be "deformed" to a new solution. Because the theorems we develop work directly in terms of the physical observables -- pressure profile and density profile -- it is relatively easy to check the density and pressure profiles for physical reasonableness. This work complements our previous article [Phys. Rev. D71 (2005) 124307; gr-qc/0503007] wherein a similar "algorithmic" analysis of the general relativistic static perfect fluid sphere was presented in terms of the spacetime geometry -- in the present analysis the pressure and density are primary and the spacetime geometry is secondary. In particular, our "deformed" solutions to the TOV equation are conveniently parameterized in terms of delta rho_c and delta p_c, the finite shift in the central density and central pressure. We conclude by presenting a new physical and mathematical interpretation of the TOV equation -- as an integrability condition on the density and pressure profiles.

Petarpa Boonserm; Matt Visser; Silke Weinfurtner

2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

359

Variable speed wind turbine generator with zero-sequence filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility. 14 figs.

Muljadi, E.

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

360

Variable speed wind turbine generator with zero-sequence filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility.

Muljadi, Eduard (Golden, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Variable Speed Wind Turbine Generator with Zero-sequence Filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility.

Muljadi, Eduard (Golden, CO)

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

362

Mass shift effects in nonperturbative multiphoton pair production for arbitrary polarized electric fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mass shift effects in multiphoton pair production of a nonperturbative nature for arbitrary polarized electric fields are investigated numerically by employing the real-time Dirac-Heisenberg-Wigner formalism, and theoretically by proposing an effective energy concept. It is found that the theoretical results are agreement with the numerical ones very well. It is the first time to consider the roles of the momenta of created particles and the polarizations of external fields played in the mass shift effects. These results can deepen the understanding of pair production in the nonperturbative threshold regime. Moreover, the distinct mass shift effects are observable in the forthcoming experiments and can be used as a probe to distinguish the electron-positron pair production from other background events.

Z. L. Li; D. Lu; B. F. Shen; L. B. Fu; J. Liu; B. S. Xie

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

363

Shifted one-parameter supersymmetric family of quartic asymmetric double-well potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extending our previous work (Rosu, Mancas, Chen, Ann.Phys. 343 (2014) 87-102), we define supersymmetric partner potentials through a particular Riccati solution of the form F(x)=(x-c)^2-1, where c is a real shift parameter, and work out the quartic double-well family of one-parameter isospectral potentials obtained by using the corresponding general Riccati solution. For these parametric double well potentials, we study how the localization properties of the two wells depend on the parameter of the potentials for various values of the shifting parameter. We also consider the supersymmetric parametric family of the first double-well potential in the Razavy chain of double well potentials corresponding to F(x)=(1/2)sinh 2x-2(1+sqrt 2)sinh 2x/[(1+sqrt 2) cosh 2x+1], both unshifted and shifted, to test and compare the localization properties

H. C. Rosu; S. C. Mancas; P. Chen

2014-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

364

Formula for red-shift of light signals coming from distant galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relying on the obtained results in Rev.[1](physics/0505035), we derive the formula relating the red-shift of light signals coming from distant galaxies to the distance of these galaxies from us and the time of detecting of these light signals. The red-shift coefficient, instead of the Hubble parameter, is introduced. It varies with time and positive at all times. Its nowadays value equals the Hubble parameter. It increases forever as time is running from the past to the future. The derived formula enables us to estimate the nowadays increasing rate of the red-shift coefficient, which is nothing but the nowadays value of the "acceleration of the expansion of the Universe".

Jian-Miin Liu

2005-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

365

Vortex precession frequency and its amplitude-dependent shift in cylindrical nanomagnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Frequency of free magnetic vortex precession in circular soft ferromagnetic nano-cylinders (magnetic dots) of various sizes is an important parameter, used in design of spintronic devices (such as spin-torque microwave nano-oscillators) and characterization of magnetic nanostructures. Here, using a recently developed collective-variable approach to non-linear dynamics of magnetic textures in planar nano-magnets, this frequency and its amplitude-dependent shift are computed analytically and plotted for the full range of cylinder geometries. The frequency shift is positive in large planar dots, but becomes negative in smaller and more elongated ones. At certain dot dimensions, a zero frequency shift is realized, which can be important for enhancing frequency stability of magnetic nano-oscillators.

Metlov, Konstantin L., E-mail: metlov@fti.dn.ua [Donetsk Institute for Physics and Technology NAS, Donetsk 83114 (Ukraine)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

366

FGF growth factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the formula: ##STR00001## where R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.4, R.sub.5, X, Y and Z are as defined, pharmaceutical compositions, coating compositions and medical devices including the fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the foregoing formula, and methods and uses thereof.

Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Takahashi, Kazuyuki (Germantown, MD)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

367

GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION PLANT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oregon Institute of Technology (OIT) drilled a deep geothermal well on campus (to 5,300 feet deep) which produced 196oF resource as part of the 2008 OIT Congressionally Directed Project. OIT will construct a geothermal power plant (estimated at 1.75 MWe gross output). The plant would provide 50 to 75 percent of the electricity demand on campus. Technical support for construction and operations will be provided by OIT’s Geo-Heat Center. The power plant will be housed adjacent to the existing heat exchange building on the south east corner of campus near the existing geothermal production wells used for heating campus. Cooling water will be supplied from the nearby cold water wells to a cooling tower or air cooling may be used, depending upon the type of plant selected. Using the flow obtained from the deep well, not only can energy be generated from the power plant, but the “waste” water will also be used to supplement space heating on campus. A pipeline will be construction from the well to the heat exchanger building, and then a discharge line will be construction around the east and north side of campus for anticipated use of the “waste” water by facilities in an adjacent sustainable energy park. An injection well will need to be drilled to handle the flow, as the campus existing injection wells are limited in capacity.

Boyd, Tonya

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Measurement of the nuclear polarization of hydrogen and deuterium molecules using a Lamb-shift polarimeter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lamb-shift polarimeters are used to measure the nuclear polarization of protons and deuterons at energies of a few keV. In combination with an ionizer, the polarization of hydrogen and deuterium atoms was determined after taking into account the loss of polarization during the ionization process. The present work shows that the nuclear polarization of hydrogen or deuterium molecules can be measured as well, by ionizing the molecules and injecting the H{sub 2}{sup +} (or D{sub 2}{sup +}) ions into the Lamb-shift polarimeter.

Engels, Ralf, E-mail: r.w.engels@fz-juelich.de; Gorski, Robert; Grigoryev, Kiril; Mikirtychyants, Maxim; Rathmann, Frank; Seyfarth, Hellmut; Ströher, Hans; Weiss, Philipp [Institut für Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Wilhelm-Johnen-Str. 1, 52428 Jülich (Germany); Kochenda, Leonid; Kravtsov, Peter; Trofimov, Viktor; Tschernov, Nikolay; Vasilyev, Alexander; Vznuzdaev, Marat [Laboratory of Cryogenic and Superconductive Technique, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Orlova Roscha 1, 188300 Gatchina (Russian Federation); Schieck, Hans Paetz gen. [Institut für Kernphysik, Universität zu Köln, Zülpicher Str. 77, 50937 Köln (Germany)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Compensating Customer-Generators: A taxonomy describing methods of compensating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their electricity demands (loads) (IEA, 2003; Lovins, 2003). This trend can be attributed to factors, investment in grid-connected generation capacity is growing at a faster rate than off-grid applications (IEA of Canadian utilities, utility review boards, and provincial governments showed that there is no consensus

Hughes, Larry

370

NEXT GENERATION TURBINE PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Next Generation Turbine (NGT) Program's technological development focused on a study of the feasibility of turbine systems greater than 30 MW that offer improvement over the 1999 state-of-the-art systems. This program targeted goals of 50 percent turndown ratios, 15 percent reduction in generation cost/kW hour, improved service life, reduced emissions, 400 starts/year with 10 minutes to full load, and multiple fuel usage. Improvement in reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM), while reducing operations, maintenance, and capital costs by 15 percent, was pursued. This program builds on the extensive low emissions stationary gas turbine work being carried out by Pratt & Whitney (P&W) for P&W Power Systems (PWPS), which is a company under the auspices of the United Technologies Corporation (UTC). This study was part of the overall Department of Energy (DOE) NGT Program that extends out to the year 2008. A follow-on plan for further full-scale component hardware testing is conceptualized for years 2002 through 2008 to insure a smooth and efficient transition to the marketplace for advanced turbine design and cycle technology. This program teamed the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), P&W, United Technologies Research Center (UTRC), kraftWork Systems Inc., a subcontractor on-site at UTRC, and Multiphase Power and Processing Technologies (MPPT), an off-site subcontractor. Under the auspices of the NGT Program, a series of analyses were performed to identify the NGT engine system's ability to serve multiple uses. The majority were in conjunction with a coal-fired plant, or used coal as the system fuel. Identified also was the ability of the NGT system to serve as the basis of an advanced performance cycle: the humid air turbine (HAT) cycle. The HAT cycle is also used with coal gasification in an integrated cycle HAT (IGHAT). The NGT systems identified were: (1) Feedwater heating retrofit to an existing coal-fired steam plant, which could supply both heat and peaking power (Block 2 engine); (2) Repowering of an older coal-fired plant (Block 2 engine); (3) Gas-fired HAT cycle (Block 1 and 2 engines); (4) Integrated gasification HAT (Block 1 and 2 engines). Also under Phase I of the NGT Program, a conceptual design of the combustion system has been completed. An integrated approach to cycle optimization for improved combustor turndown capability has been employed. The configuration selected has the potential for achieving single digit NO{sub x}/CO emissions between 40 percent and 100 percent load conditions. A technology maturation plan for the combustion system has been proposed. Also, as a result of Phase I, ceramic vane technology will be incorporated into NGT designs and will require less cooling flow than conventional metallic vanes, thereby improving engine efficiency. A common 50 Hz and 60 Hz power turbine was selected due to the cost savings from eliminating a gearbox. A list of ceramic vane technologies has been identified for which the funding comes from DOE, NASA, the U.S. Air Force, and P&W.

William H. Day

2002-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

371

{sup 3}He polarization-dependent EPR frequency shifts of alkali-metal-{sup 3}He pairs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present temperature-dependent measurements of the EPR frequency shifts for Na, K, and Rb interacting with polarized {sup 3}He. K and Na frequency shifts were measured via comparison with Rb frequency shifts (well known at low temperatures) in Na-Rb-{sup 3}He and K-Rb-{sup 3}He spin-exchange cells. The lowered Rb vapor pressure of these 'hybrid' spin-exchange cells also allowed us to extend the measured temperature dependence of the Rb EPR frequency shifts up to 350 deg. C. This work presents measurements of the EPR frequency shift for Na in {sup 3}He and significantly extends the temperature range of previous Rb and K EPR frequency shift measurements. These results are critical to the performance of accurate {sup 3}He EPR polarimetry in spin-exchange cells.

Babcock, Earl; Walker, Thad G. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Nelson, Ian A. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 (United States); Kadlecek, Steve [Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelpia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Anticipatory control of turbine generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Turbine Generators. (Nay 1971) Freddie Laurel Nessec, B. S. E. E, , Texas Tech University; Directed by: Professor J. S . Denison An investigation is made of the use of predicted loads in controlling turbine generators. A perturbation model of a turbine... generator is presented along with typical parameter values. A study is made of the effects of applying control action before a load change occurs. Two predictive control schemes are investi- gated using a load cycle which incorporates both ramp and step...

Messec, Freddie Laurel

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Natural fourth generation of leptons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider implications of a fourth generation of leptons, allowing for the most general mass patterns for the fourth generation neutrino. We determine the constraints due to the precision electroweak measurements and outline the signatures to search for at the LHC experiments. As a concrete framework to apply these results we consider the minimal walking technicolor (MWTC) model where the matter content, regarding the electroweak quantum numbers, corresponds to a fourth generation.

Oleg Antipin; Matti Heikinheimo; Kimmo Tuominen

2009-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

374

The influence of climate regime shift on ENSO Zhengqing Ye and William W. Hsieh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Ocean Sciences, University of British Columbia Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4, Canada submitted to Climate with their theory. Wang and An (2002) proposed that the changes in the background winds and the correspondingThe influence of climate regime shift on ENSO Zhengqing Ye and William W. Hsieh Dept. of Earth

Hsieh, William

375

Post-glacial redistribution and shifts in productivity of giant kelp forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Post-glacial redistribution and shifts in productivity of giant kelp forests Michael H. Graham1 kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) forest distribution as a function of oceanography and geomorphology suggest that kelp forest bio- mass increased up to threefold from the glacial maximum to the mid

Grosberg, Rick

376

Beyond Synexpression Relationships: Local Clustering of Time-shifted and Inverted Gene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beyond Synexpression Relationships: Local Clustering of Time-shifted and Inverted Gene Expression an inverted relationship. Here, we propose a new method, which we call local clus- tering, for identifying these time-delayed and inverted relationships. It is related to conventional gene-expression clustering

Yu, Haiyuan

377

Green Solar In 2009 researchers at Berkeley helped shift research into new solar cell materials by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Solar In 2009 researchers at Berkeley helped shift research into new solar cell materials­2077). Given the proposed scales of PV adoption, the health and environmental impacts of PV technology should also be considered. This project would examine the proposed solar cell materials and designs and create

Iglesia, Enrique

378

February 22, 2010 Shifting from the Economics of Obesity to Sustainable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Vermont, California and New York. Learning from others and offering new tools for energy sustainabilityPrint February 22, 2010 Shifting from the Economics of Obesity to Sustainable Energy The Potential for Clean Energy, Low-Carbon Gains through a 'Sustainable Energy Utility.' by John Byrne, Francis Hodsoll

Delaware, University of

379

Using a CSCL-Driven Shift in Agency to Undertake Educational Reform1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Using a CSCL-Driven Shift in Agency to Undertake Educational Reform1 Mark Guzdial1, Matthew educational reform efforts, but there are many challenges to face before achieving that vision. Two attempting to use this tool to leverage a particular kind of educational reform goal: Achieving integration

Guzdial, Mark

380

SHORE-BASED LOG PROCESSING Bottom felt: 4494 mbrf (used for depth shift to seafloor)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accurate compressional and shear veloc- ities. Quality Control During the processing, quality control to seafloor) Total penetration: 664 mbsf (drilled during DSDP Leg 45) Total core recovered: 106 m (18 old (reference curve) and new (match curve) shift depths. The total gamma-ray curve (SGR or HSGR) from

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Condensation on Surface Energy Gradient Shifts Drop Size Distribution toward Small Drops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Condensation on Surface Energy Gradient Shifts Drop Size Distribution toward Small Drops Ashley M condensation from vapor onto a cooled surface, distributions of drops evolve by nucleation, growth is condensed onto a horizontally oriented surface that has been treated by silanization to deliver either

Daniel, Susan

382

Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Engineering Division Water-gas shift catalysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Engineering Division Water-gas shift catalysis Sara Yu Choung Engineering Division Argonne National Laboratory Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies 2003 Merit Review Berkeley, CA May 19-22, 2003 #12;Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Engineering Division

383

PID Controller Synthesis with Shifted Axis Pole Assignment for a Class of MIMO Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PID Controller Synthesis with Shifted Axis Pole Assignment for a Class of MIMO Systems A. N. G-output plants, a systematic synthesis is developed for stabilization using Proportional+Integral+Derivative (PID-zero of the plant. Plant classes that admit PID controllers with this property include stable and unstable multi

Gundes, A. N.

384

The I=2 ?? S-wave Scattering Phase Shift from Lattice QCD  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

The ?+?+ s-wave scattering phase-shift is determined below the inelastic threshold using Lattice QCD. Calculations were performed at a pion mass of m? ? 390 MeV with an anisotropic nf = 2+1 clover fermion discretization in four lattice volumes, with spatial extent L ? 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 3.9 fm, and with a lattice spacing of bs ? 0.123 fm in the spatial direction and bt bs/3.5 in the time direction. The phase-shift is determined from the energy-eigenvalues of ?+?+ systems with both zero and non-zero total momentum in the lattice volume using Luscher's method. Our calculations are precise enough to allow for a determination of the threshold scattering parameters, the scattering length a, the effective range r, and the shape-parameter P, in this channel and to examine the prediction of two-flavor chiral perturbation theory: m?2 a r = 3+O(m?2/??2). Chiral perturbation theory is used, with the Lattice QCD results as input, to predict the scattering phase-shift (and threshold parameters) at the physical pion mass. Our results are consistent with determinations from the Roy equations and with the existing experimental phase shift data.

Beane, S R; Detmold, W; Lin, H W; Luu, T C; Orginos, K; Parreno, A; Savage, M J; Torok, A; Walker-Loud, A

2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

385

ATP-c-S shifts the operating point of outer hair cell transduction towards scala tympani  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATP-c-S shifts the operating point of outer hair cell transduction towards scala tympani Richard P November 2004; accepted 16 February 2005 Available online 22 March 2005 Abstract ATP receptor agonists (DPOAE). Some of the effects on DPOAEs are consistent with the hypothesis that ATP affects mechano

Salt, Alec N.

386

Covariance of phenotypically plastic traits induces an adaptive shift in host selection behaviour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Covariance of phenotypically plastic traits induces an adaptive shift in host selection behaviour efficiency. In the present study, we investigated covariance of two plastic traits--size at pupation and host; evolution 1. INTRODUCTION Phenotypic plasticity is defined as the ability of an organism to change its

Dukas, Reuven

387

Novel methods reveal shifts in migration phenology of barn swallows in South Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Novel methods reveal shifts in migration phenology of barn swallows in South Africa Res Altwegg National Biodiversity Institute, P/Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa Animal Demography Unit, Department of Zoology and Department of Statistical Sciences, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa

de Villiers, Marienne

388

Differential-phase-shift quantum key distribution with segmented pulse trains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a modified scheme of differential-phase-shift (DPS) quantum key distribution (QKD) for improving its performance. A transmitter sends a weak coherent pulse train segmented with vacant pulses. Then, a receiver can find eavesdropping by monitoring the photon detection rate at particular time slots. Simulations show that the proposed scheme is robust against a sequential attack and a general individual attack.

Kawahara, Hiroki; Inoue, Kyo [Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Understanding the NMR shifts in paramagnetic transition metal oxides using density functional theory calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

obvious. In this paper, we show by means of density functional theory DFT calcula- tions that a rationalUnderstanding the NMR shifts in paramagnetic transition metal oxides using density functional functional theory DFT calculations in the generalized gradient approximation. For each compound, we calculate

Ceder, Gerbrand

390

Approximation using scattered shifts of a multivariate Ronald DeVore and Amos Ron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, of a fixed function occurs in many applications such as data fit- ting, neural networks, and learning theory() of the (· - ), .1 We refer to the book [32] for more details on radial basis functions in general, and their useApproximation using scattered shifts of a multivariate function Ronald DeVore and Amos Ron

Liblit, Ben

391

Over the past decade, the advent of robotics has enabled a paradigm shift in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over the past decade, the advent of robotics has enabled a paradigm shift in molecular biology rhizospheres, soil communities and ocean dwelling or even airborne microorganisms, such as those present and the population structure, variation in food and energy supply and the geography of the habitat4 . Eco

Pfrender, Michael

392

1526 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 21, No. 19 / October 1, 1996 Phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1526 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 21, No. 19 / October 1, 1996 Phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer H. Medecki Center for X-Ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 K. A. Goldberg Center for X-Ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National

Bokor, Jeffrey

393

(Kyoto University African Studies Seminar) Shifting agency in shaping linguistic landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

landscape: Evidence from Dar es Salaam 2 Date: Oct 12, 2013 (Sat.), 15:30 ­ 17:30 Venue: Medium Seminar ideology, attitudes and situations in post-Ujamaa Tanzania. Based on empirical data collected in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, this paper seeks to explain shifting agency in shaping linguistic landscape

Takada, Shoji

394

The Upper Santa Cruz River: A Case Study for Shifting Riparian Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Upper Santa Cruz River: A Case Study for Shifting Riparian Conditions Amy McCoy Ph.D. Candidate initially proposed to conduct water quality and tree pathology tests directly on the riparian floodplain. As a result, I was unable to take water quality and tree pathology samples from the affected areas and I

Fay, Noah

395

Cortical Shift Tracking Using a Laser Range Scanner and Deformable Registration Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://bmlweb.vuse.vanderbilt.edu Abstract. A novel brain shift tracking protocol is introduced in this paper which utilizes laser range scan are then registered using a 2D deformable registration approach that uses local support radial basis functions, intra- operative MR and intra-operative US have been, or are being, investigated as image

Miga, Michael I.

396

Adaptive microbial population shifts in response to a continuous ethanol blend release increases biodegradation potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive microbial population shifts in response to a continuous ethanol blend release increases 2013 Accepted 28 March 2013 Keywords: Pyrosequencing Ethanol Microbial diversity Temperature a b s t r a pilot- scale continuous release (10 months) of a 10% v:v ethanol solution mixed with benzene and toluene

Alvarez, Pedro J.

397

Abrupt climate shifts in Greenland due to displacements of the sea ice edge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that a reduction in sea ice extent in the North Atlantic produces a climatic response consistent with abruptAbrupt climate shifts in Greenland due to displacements of the sea ice edge Camille Li,1 David S ice could be changes in ocean thermohaline circulation (OTC) or rearrangements of the tropical

Schrag, Daniel

398

please recycle. Recent decades have seen fundamental shifts in the business of forestry worldwide. Private  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

please recycle. Recent decades have seen fundamental shifts in the business of forestry worldwide analysis and management. Today's master's programs in forestry and environmental management address forest; one of the oldest and best forestry education programs in the world; and a strong network

Reif, John H.

399

Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Fine dining or fortress? Functional shifts in spider web  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Fine dining or fortress? Functional shifts in spider web online 16 June 2008; MS. number: A10919) Spiders alter web architecture in response to many environmental for spiders that spin long-lasting webs such as cobwebs. The western black widow spins a three-dimensional web

Blackledge, Todd

400

Early Decline in Glucose Transport and Metabolism Precedes Shift to Ketogenic System in Female Aging and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in parallel to the decline in glucose transport suggesting lactate did not serve as an alternative fuel as an alternative fuel. In the 3xTgAD brain, utilization of ketone bodies as an alternative fuel was evident in mitochondrial function. The adaptive shift to the ketogenic system as an alternative fuel coincided with decline

Brinton, Roberta Diaz

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Toward Structural Dynamics: Protein Motions Viewed by Chemical Shift Modulations and Direct Detection of CN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward Structural Dynamics: Protein Motions Viewed by Chemical Shift Modulations and Direct of anti-correlated fluctuations) in R-helices. This extends the prospects of structure- dynamics, several groups have proposed to investigate the existence of structure-dynamics relationships. We like

402

Mercury biogeochemistry: paradigm shifts, outstanding issues and research needs1 Jeroen E. Sonke1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mercury biogeochemistry: paradigm shifts, outstanding issues and research needs1 Jeroen E. Sonke1.dommergue@ujf-grenoble.fr7 In press with Elsevier's Compte Rendus Geoscience8 Abstract9 Half a century of mercury research has provided scientists and policy makers with detailed10 understanding of mercury toxicology

Dintrans, Boris

403

TITLE: Shifting Agrarian Landscapes: Climate Change and Adaptation in Bangladesh HOSTS: Jason Cons and Shelley Feldman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and water resources are rapidly reorganizing village-life and changing Bangladesh's agrarian landscapes. FarTITLE: Shifting Agrarian Landscapes: Climate Change and Adaptation in Bangladesh HOSTS: Jason Cons fragile lowland areas of the Ganges Delta, in which the vast majority of Bangladesh is situated. For rural

Angenent, Lars T.

404

Periodic Finite-Type Shift Spaces Marie-Pierre Beal, Member, IEEE, Maxime Crochemore, Member, IEEE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Periodic Finite-Type Shift Spaces Marie-Pierre B´eal, Member, IEEE, Maxime Crochemore, Member, IEEE are the c-charge con- strained codes over the bipolar alphabet {±1}. Here, the code M.-P. B´eal and M-mail: {beal,mac}@univ- mlv.fr). B. E. Moision was with the Mathematical Sciences Research Center, Lucent

Siegel, Paul H.

405

Complete codes in a sofic shift Marie-Pierre Beal and Dominique Perrin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complete codes in a sofic shift Marie-Pierre B´eal and Dominique Perrin Institut Gaspard-Monge, University of de Marne-la-Vall´ee, France {beal,perrin}@univ-mlv.fr Abstract. We define a code in a sofic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

406

The demographic impacts of shifts in climate means and extremes on alpine butterflies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The demographic impacts of shifts in climate means and extremes on alpine butterflies Lauren B and extremes, and how phenotypes mediate these effects. 2. Here, we incorporate demography in a biophysical (mediated by weather means) and egg viability (mediated by weather extremes) over time have varied between

Miller, Thomas E.

407

Update report on the performance of 400 megawatt and larger nuclear and coal-fired generating units. Performance through 1977  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Forty-seven nuclear generating units and 125 coal-fired generating plants that have had at least one full year of commercial operation are covered in this report. Their performances are evaluated using the capacity factor, availability factor, equivalent availability, and forced outage rate. The data are arranged by state and utility. (DLC)

None

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Next-Generation Wind Technology  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Wind Program works with industry partners to increase the performance and reliability of next-generation wind technologies while lowering the cost of wind energy.

409

Registration of Electric Generators (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

All electric generating facilities operating in the state, with the exception of hydroelectric and nuclear facilities, must obtain a certificate of registration from the Department of Public...

410

Solid oxide fuel cell generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solid oxide fuel cell generator has a pair of spaced apart tubesheets in a housing. At least two intermediate barrier walls are between the tubesheets and define a generator chamber between two intermediate buffer chambers. An array of fuel cells have tubes with open ends engaging the tubesheets. Tubular, axially elongated electrochemical cells are supported on the tubes in the generator chamber. Fuel gas and oxidant gas are preheated in the intermediate chambers by the gases flowing on the other side of the tubes. Gas leakage around the tubes through the tubesheets is permitted. The buffer chambers reentrain the leaked fuel gas for reintroduction to the generator chamber.

Draper, R.; George, R.A.; Shockling, L.A.

1993-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

411

Renewable Electricity Generation (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document highlights DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's advancements in renewable electricity generation technologies including solar, water, wind, and geothermal.

Not Available

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Interconnection Agreements for Onsite Generation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers Interconnection Agreements for Onsite Generation and is given at the Spring 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting.

413

Interconnection Standards for Small Generators  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) adopted "small generator" interconnection standards for distributed energy resources up to 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity in May 2005.* The FERC's...

414

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Phenomena  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and passive heat dissipation to withstand design basis events with minimal fuel damage and source term generation. As such, the NGNP places a burden on the designer to...

415

Selected Topics in Column Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 2, 2002 ... Page 1. Selected Topics in Column Generation. Marco E. Lübbecke ... is an ever recurring concept in our “selected topics.” OR/MS Subject ...

2002-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

416

Cholesterol accumulation in Niemann Pick type C (NPC) model cells causes a shift in APP localization to lipid rafts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been suggested that cholesterol may modulate amyloid-{beta} (A{beta}) formation, a causative factor of Alzheimer's disease (AD), by regulating distribution of the three key proteins in the pathogenesis of AD ({beta}-amyloid precursor protein (APP), {beta}-secretase (BACE1) and/or presenilin 1 (PS1)) within lipid rafts. In this work we tested whether cholesterol accumulation upon NPC1 dysfunction, which causes Niemann Pick type C disease (NPC), causes increased partitioning of APP into lipid rafts leading to increased CTF/A{beta} formation in these cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains. To test this we used CHO NPC1{sup -/-} cells (NPC cells) and parental CHOwt cells. By sucrose density gradient centrifugation we observed a shift in fl-APP/CTF compartmentalization into lipid raft fractions upon cholesterol accumulation in NPC vs. wt cells. Furthermore, {gamma}-secretase inhibitor treatment significantly increased fl-APP/CTF distribution in raft fractions in NPC vs. wt cells, suggesting that upon cholesterol accumulation in NPC1-null cells increased formation of APP-CTF and its increased processing towards A{beta} occurs in lipid rafts. Our results support that cholesterol overload, such as in NPC disease, leads to increased partitioning of APP/CTF into lipid rafts resulting in increased amyloidogenic processing of APP in these cholesterol-rich membranes. This work adds to the mechanism of the cholesterol-effect on APP processing and the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and supports the role of lipid rafts in these processes.

Kosicek, Marko, E-mail: marko.kosicek@irb.hr [Division of Molecular Medicine, Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)] [Division of Molecular Medicine, Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Malnar, Martina, E-mail: martina.malnar@irb.hr [Division of Molecular Medicine, Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)] [Division of Molecular Medicine, Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Goate, Alison, E-mail: goate@icarus.wustl.edu [Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S. Euclid Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110 (United States)] [Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S. Euclid Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110 (United States); Hecimovic, Silva, E-mail: silva.hecimovic@irb.hr [Division of Molecular Medicine, Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)] [Division of Molecular Medicine, Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)

2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

417

Kinetic studies of the water gas shift reaction on a sulfided cobalt/molybdena/alumina catalyst  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, the applicability of low temperature oxygen chemisorption (LTOC) to measure the specific surface area of several rare-earth oxides (La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Tb) and the kinetics of the water-gas shift reaction over a sulfided cobalt-molybdena-alumina (AMOCAT 1A) catalyst are investigated. The LTOC results indicate that oxygen is possibly adsorbed in the molecular form, O/sub 2//sup -/, as observed by others after heat treatment of these oxides in vacuum. Lanthana and ceria were found to have ratios of total surface area to LTOC similar to those of chromia and molybdena respectively, after a comparable pretreatment. Furthermore, ceria is deduced to exist as a monolayer on the alumina support at loadings below 12%. An additional hour of reduction after the 6 hours of reduction shows a significant increase in LTOC on lanthana, neodymia and terbia which may be due to phase changes exhibited by these polymorphic oxides. The kinetics of the water-gas shift reaction has been extensively studied on iron oxide (high temperature shift) and copper oxide (low temperature shift) based catalysts. This investigation establishes the kinetics over a sulfided cobalt-molybdena-alumina (AMOCAT 1A) catalyst in the medium temperature shift range, 250-300/sup 0/C. The catalyst was sulfided in-situ in a high pressure integrated Berty reactor system. Reaction rates were measured for different CO/H/sub 2/O feed ratios in the range 0.3-3.0, with and without CO/sub 2/ in the feed. The reaction was carried out at several pressures in the range 5-27 atm. and GHSV's in the range 4800-2400 hr/sup 1/.

Srivatsa, N.R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Modulation compression for short wavelength harmonic generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wavelength Harmonic Generation Ji Qiang Lawrence Berkeleyform a basis for fourth generation light source. Currently,e?ciency was proposed for generation of short wavelength

Qiang, J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery and Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

selection of on-site power generation with combined heat andTotal Electricity Generation Figure 13. Small MercantileWeekday Total Electricity Generation (No Storage Adoption

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan M.; Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Hydrogen Generation From Electrolysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Small-scale (100-500 kg H2/day) electrolysis is an important step in increasing the use of hydrogen as fuel. Until there is a large population of hydrogen fueled vehicles, the smaller production systems will be the most cost-effective. Performing conceptual designs and analyses in this size range enables identification of issues and/or opportunities for improvement in approach on the path to 1500 kg H2/day and larger systems. The objectives of this program are to establish the possible pathways to cost effective larger Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) water electrolysis systems and to identify areas where future research and development efforts have the opportunity for the greatest impact in terms of capital cost reduction and efficiency improvements. System design and analysis was conducted to determine the overall electrolysis system component architecture and develop a life cycle cost estimate. A design trade study identified subsystem components and configurations based on the trade-offs between system efficiency, cost and lifetime. Laboratory testing of components was conducted to optimize performance and decrease cost, and this data was used as input to modeling of system performance and cost. PEM electrolysis has historically been burdened by high capital costs and lower efficiency than required for large-scale hydrogen production. This was known going into the program and solutions to these issues were the focus of the work. The program provided insights to significant cost reduction and efficiency improvement opportunities for PEM electrolysis. The work performed revealed many improvement ideas that when utilized together can make significant progress towards the technical and cost targets of the DOE program. The cell stack capital cost requires reduction to approximately 25% of today’s technology. The pathway to achieve this is through part count reduction, use of thinner membranes, and catalyst loading reduction. Large-scale power supplies are available today that perform in a range of efficiencies, >95%, that are suitable for the overall operational goals. The balance of plant scales well both operationally and in terms of cost becoming a smaller portion of the overall cost equation as the systems get larger. Capital cost reduction of the cell stack power supplies is achievable by modifying the system configuration to have the cell stacks in electrical series driving up the DC bus voltage, thereby allowing the use of large-scale DC power supply technologies. The single power supply approach reduces cost. Elements of the cell stack cost reduction and efficiency improvement work performed in the early stage of the program is being continued in subsequent DOE sponsored programs and through internal investment by Proton. The results of the trade study of the 100 kg H2/day system have established a conceptual platform for design and development of a next generation electrolyzer for Proton. The advancements started by this program have the possibility of being realized in systems for the developing fueling markets in 2010 period.

Steven Cohen; Stephen Porter; Oscar Chow; David Henderson

2009-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Next Generation Photoinjector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation will elucidate the design, construction, theory, and operation of the Next Generation Photoinjector (NGP). This photoinjector is comprised of the BNL/SLAC/UCLA 1.6 cell symmetrized S-band photocathode radio frequency (rf) electron gun and a single emittance-compensation solenoidal magnet. This photoinjector is a prototype for the Linear Coherent Light Source X-ray Free Electron Laser operating in the 1.5 {angstrom} range. Simulations indicate that this photoinjector is capable of producing a 1nC electron bunch with transverse normalized emittance less than 1 {pi} mm mrad were the cathode is illuminated with a 10 psec longitudinal flat top pulse. Using a Gaussian longitudinal laser profile with a full width half maximum (FWHM) of 10 psec, simulation indicates that the NGP is capable of producing a normalized rms emittance of 2.50 {pi} mm mrad at 1 nC. Using the removable cathode plate we have studied the quantum efficiency (QE) of both copper and magnesium photo-cathodes. The Cu QE was found to be 4.5 x 10{sup -5} with a 25% variation in the QE across the emitting surface of the cathode, while supporting a field gradient of 125 MV/m. At low charge, the transverse normalized rms emittance, {epsilon}{sub n,rms}, produced by the NGP is {epsilon}{sub n,rms} = 1.2 {pi} mm mrad for Q{sub T} = 0.3 nC. The 95% electron beam bunch length was measured to 10.9 psec. The emittance due to the finite magnetic field at the cathode has been studied. The scaling of this magnetic emittance term as a function of cathode magnetic field was found to be 0.01 {pi} mm mrad per Gauss. The 1.6 cell rf gun has been designed to reduce the dipole field asymmetry of the longitudinal accelerating field. Low level rf measurements show that this has in fact been accomplished, with an order of magnitude decrease in the dipole field. High power beam studies also show that the dipole field has been decreased. An upper limit of the intrinsic non-reducible thermal emittance of a photocathode under high field gradient was found to be {epsilon}{sub n,rms} = 0.8 {pi} mm mrad. Agreement is found between the theoretical calculation of the thermal emittance, {epsilon}{sub 0} = 0.62 {pi} mm mrad, and the experimental results, after taking into account all of the emittance contribution terms. The 1 nC emittance was found to be {epsilon}{sub n,rms} = 4.75 {pi} mm mrad with a 95% electron beam bunch length of 14.7 psec. Systematic bunch length measurements showed electron beam bunch lengthening due the electron beam charge. They will show that the discrepancy between measurement and simulation is due to three effects. The major effect is due to the variation of the QE in the photo-emitting area of the Cu cathode. Also, space charge emittance blowup in the transport line will be shown to be a significant effect because the electron beam is still in the space charge dominated regime. The last effect, which has been observed experimentally, is the electron bunch lengthening as a function of total electron bunch charge.

Palmer, Dennis Thomas; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.

2005-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

422

Human factors evaluation of electroluminescent display. number sign. 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report consists of an an electroluminescent display, done by scientists and researchers in the Human Factors Research Unit at EG G, Idaho, Inc. The purpose of this evaluation was to examine the Sunlight Readability'' of one electroluminescent (EL) display; a display which may be incorporated into a new generation of US Army diesel generators. The basic finding of this evaluation is that this particular EL display is not sunlight readable. 2 figs., 10 tabs.

Auflick, J.L. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

PdZnAl Catalysts for the Reactions of Water-Gas-Shift, Methanol Steam Reforming, and Reverse-Water-Gas-Shift  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pd/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts were studied for water-gas-shift (WGS), methanol steam reforming, and reverse-water-gas-shift (RWGS) reactions. WGS activity was found to be dependent on the Pd:Zn ratio with a maximum activity obtained at approximately 0.50, which was comparable to that of a commercial Pt-based catalyst. The catalyst stability was demonstrated for 100 hours time-on-stream at a temperature of 3600C without evidence of metal sintering. WGS reaction rates were approximately 1st order with respect to CO concentration, and kinetic parameters were determined to be Ea = 58.3 kJ mol-1 and k0 = 6.1x107 min-1. During methanol steam reforming, the CO selectivities were observed to be lower than the calculated equilibrium values over a range of temperatures and steam/carbon ratios studied while the reaction rate constants were approximately of the same magnitude for both WGS and methanol steam reforming. These results indicate that although Pd/ZnO/Al2O3 are active WGS catalysts, WGS is not involved in methanol steam reforming. RWGS rate constants are on the order of about 20 times lower than that of methanol steam reforming, suggesting that RWGS reaction could be one of the sources for small amount of CO formation in methanol steam reforming.

Dagle, Robert A.; Platon, Alexandru; Datye, Abhaya K.; Vohs, John M.; Wang, Yong; Palo, Daniel R.

2008-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis! Temperature Eppley (1972) Light Sverdrup's Critical Depth-493, but the general concept is still valid! ! #12;PB opt & Temperature! #12;Photosynthesis & Temperature! Remember: in the laboratory, we can measure photosynthesis versus irradiance (PvsE) and calculate Ek, Pmax, and alpha

Kudela, Raphael M.

425

Public Health FAT FACTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: THE UNITED STATES SPENDS MORE ON HEALTH CARE THAN ANY OTHER COUNTRY. YET WE CONTINUE TO FALL FAR BEHIND States spends an astonishing percent of our gross domestic product on health care--significantly moreColumbia Public Health HOT TOPIC Climate Change FAT FACTORS Obesity Prevention BOOK SMART

Qian, Ning

426

Source Apportionment of Stack Emissions from Research and Development Facilities Using Positive Matrix Factorization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emissions from research and development (R&D) facilities are difficult to characterize due to the wide variety of processes used, changing nature of research, and large number of chemicals. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) was applied to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) concentrations measured in the main exhaust stacks of four different R&D buildings to identify the number and composition of major contributing sources. PMF identified from 9-11 source-related factors contributing to the stack emissions depending on the building. The factors that were similar between buildings were major contributors to trichloroethylene (TCE), acetone, and ethanol emissions. Several other factors had similar profiles for two or more buildings but not for all four. One factor for each building was a combination of p/m-xylene, o-xylene and ethylbenzene. At least one factor for each building was identified that contained a broad mix of many species and constraints were used in PMF to modify the factors to resemble more closely the off-shift concentration profiles. PMF accepted the constraints with little decrease in model fit. Although the PMF model predicted the profiles of the off-shift samples, the percent of total emissions was under-predicted by the model versus the measured data.

Ballinger, Marcel Y.; Larson, Timothy V.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Skutterudite Thermoelectric Generator For Automotive Waste Heat...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Skutterudite Thermoelectric Generator For Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Skutterudite Thermoelectric Generator For Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Skutterudite TE modules were...

428

Waste Heat Recovery Opportunities for Thermoelectric Generators...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Waste Heat Recovery Opportunities for Thermoelectric Generators Waste Heat Recovery Opportunities for Thermoelectric Generators Thermoelectrics have unique advantages for...

429

Regulatory Considerations for Developing Generation Projects...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Generation Projects on Federal Lands Regulatory Considerations for Developing Generation Projects on Federal Lands Presentation covers regulatory considerations for developing...

430

Using Backup Generators: Choosing the Right Backup Generator...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

equipment labels indicate their power requirements. If you can't determine the amount of power you will need, ask an electrician. Choose the generator's fuel source-Backup...

431

Validation of vessel-based registration for correction of brain shift I. Reinertsen a,*, M. Descoteaux b,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Validation of vessel-based registration for correction of brain shift I. Reinertsen a,*, M April 2007 Abstract The displacement and deformation of brain tissue is a major source of error in image-guided neurosurgery systems. We have designed and implemented a method to detect and correct brain shift using pre

Siddiqi, Kaleem

432

A Novel Shifting Balance Theory-based Approach to Optimization of an Energy-Constrained Modulation Scheme for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Novel Shifting Balance Theory-based Approach to Optimization of an Energy-Constrained Modulation is inspired by Wright's shifting balance theory (SBT) of evolution in population ge- netics. The total energy Abstract-- This paper presents a new approach to optimiza- tion of an energy-constrained modulation scheme

Arslan, Tughrul

433

Goos-H\\"anchen and Imbert-Fedorov shifts for Gaussian beams impinging on graphene-coated surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theoretical study of the Goos-H\\"anchen and Imbert-Fedorov shifts for a fundamental Gaussian beam impinging on a surface coated with a single layer of graphene. We show that the graphene surface conductibility $\\sigma(\\omega)$ is responsible for the appearance of a giant and negative spatial Goos-H\\"anchen shift.

Grosche, Simon; Szameit, Alexander

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

SU-E-J-16: A Review of the Magnitude of Patient Imaging Shifts in Relation to Departmental Policy Changes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate how changes in imaging policy affect the magnitude of shifts applied to patients. Methods: In June 2012, the department's imaging policy was altered to require that any shifts derived from imaging throughout the course of treatment shall be considered systematic only after they were validated with two data points that are consistent in the same direction. Multiple additions and clarifications to the imaging policy were implemented throughout the course of the data collection, but they were mostly of administrative nature. Entered shifts were documented in MOSAIQ (Elekta AB) through the localization offset. The MOSAIQ database was queried to identify a possible trend. A total of 25,670 entries were analyzed, including four linear accelerators with a combination of MV planar, kV planar and kV three dimensional imaging. The monthly average of the magnitude of the vector was used. Plan relative offsets were excluded. During the evaluated period of time, one of the satellite facilities acquired and implemented Vision RT (AlignRT Inc). Results: After the new policy was implemented the shifts variance and standard deviation decreased. The decrease is linear with time elapsed. Vision RT implementation at one satellite facility reduced the number of overall shifts, specifically for breast patients. Conclusion: Changes in imaging policy have a significant effect on the magnitude of shifts applied to patients. Using two statistical points before applying a shift as persistent decreased the overall magnitude of the shifts applied to patients.

O'Connor, M; Sansourekidou, P [Health Quest, Poughkeepsie, NY (United States)

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Measurement of the strong interaction induced shift and width of the 1s state of kaonic deuterium at J-PARC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The antikaon-nucleon interaction close to threshold provides crucial information on the interplay between spontaneous and explicit chiral symmetry breaking in low-energy QCD. In this context the importance of kaonic deuterium X-ray spectroscopy has been well recognized, but no experimental results have yet been obtained due to the difficulty of the measurement. We propose to measure the shift and width of the kaonic deuterium 1s state with an accuracy of 60 eV and 140 eV respectively at J-PARC. These results together with the kaonic hydrogen data (KpX at KEK, DEAR and SIDDHARTA at DAFNE) will then permit the determination of values of both the isospin I=0 and I=1 antikaon-nucleon scattering lengths and will provide the most stringent constraints on the antikaon-nucleon interaction, promising a breakthrough. Refined Monte Carlo studies were performed, including the investigation of background suppression factors for the described setup. These studies have demonstrated the feasibility of determining the shift and width of the kaonic deuterium atom 1s state with the desired accuracy of 60 eV and 140 eV.

J. Zmeskal; M. Sato; S. Ajimura; M. Bazzi; G. Beer; C. Berucci; H. Bhang; D. Bosnar; M. Bragadireanu; P. Buehler; L. Busso; M. Cargnelli; S. Choi; A. Clozza; C. Curceanu; A. D'uffizi; S. Enomoto; L. Fabbietti; D. Faso; C. Fiorini; H. Fujioka; F. Ghio; R. Golser; C. Guaraldo; T. Hashimoto; R. S. Hayano; T. Hiraiwa; M. Iio; M. Iliescu; K. Inoue; S. Ishimoto; T. Ishiwatari; K. Itahashi; M. Iwai; M. Iwasaki; S. Kawasaki; J. Lachner; P. Levi Sandri; Y. Ma; J. Marton; Y. Matsuda; Y. Mizoi; O. Morra; P. Moskal; T. Nagae; H. Noumi; H. Ohnishi; S. Okada; H. Outa; D. Pietreanu; K. Piscicchia; M. Poli Lener; A. Romero Vidal; Y. Sada; A. Sakaguchi; F. Sakuma; E. Sbardella; A. Scordo; M. Sekimoto; H. Shi; M. Silarski; D. Sirghi; F. Sirghi; K. Suzuki; S. Suzuki; T. Suzuki; K. Tanida; H. Tatsuno; M. Tokuda; A. Toyoda; I. Tucakovic; K. Tsukada; O. Vazquez Doce; E. Widmann; T. Yamaga; T. Yamazaki; Q. Zhang

2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

436

Measurement of the strong interaction induced shift and width of the 1s state of kaonic deuterium at J-PARC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The antikaon-nucleon interaction close to threshold provides crucial information on the interplay between spontaneous and explicit chiral symmetry breaking in low-energy QCD. In this context the importance of kaonic deuterium X-ray spectroscopy has been well recognized, but no experimental results have yet been obtained due to the difficulty of the measurement. We propose to measure the shift and width of the kaonic deuterium 1s state with an accuracy of 60 eV and 140 eV respectively at J-PARC. These results together with the kaonic hydrogen data (KpX at KEK, DEAR and SIDDHARTA at DAFNE) will then permit the determination of values of both the isospin I=0 and I=1 antikaon-nucleon scattering lengths and will provide the most stringent constraints on the antikaon-nucleon interaction, promising a breakthrough. Refined Monte Carlo studies were performed, including the investigation of background suppression factors for the described setup. These studies have demonstrated the feasibility of determining the shift a...

Zmeskal, J; Ajimura, S; Bazzi, M; Beer, G; Berucci, C; Bhang, H; Bosnar, D; Bragadireanu, M; Buehler, P; Busso, L; Cargnelli, M; Choi, S; Clozza, A; Curceanu, C; D'uffizi, A; Enomoto, S; Fabbietti, L; Faso, D; Fiorini, C; Fujioka, H; Ghio, F; Golser, R; Guaraldo, C; Hashimoto, T; Hayano, R S; Hiraiwa, T; Iio, M; Iliescu, M; Inoue, K; Ishimoto, S; Ishiwatari, T; Itahashi, K; Iwai, M; Iwasaki, M; Kawasaki, S; Lachner, J; Sandri, P Levi; Ma, Y; Marton, J; Matsuda, Y; Mizoi, Y; Morra, O; Moskal, P; Nagae, T; Noumi, H; Ohnishi, H; Okada, S; Outa, H; Pietreanu, D; Piscicchia, K; Lener, M Poli; Vidal, A Romero; Sada, Y; Sakaguchi, A; Sakuma, F; Sbardella, E; Scordo, A; Sekimoto, M; Shi, H; Silarski, M; Sirghi, D; Sirghi, F; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, S; Suzuki, T; Tanida, K; Tatsuno, H; Tokuda, M; Toyoda, A; Tucakovic, I; Tsukada, K; Doce, O Vazquez; Widmann, E; Yamaga, T; Yamazaki, T; Zhang, Q

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

FlexibleSUSY -- A spectrum generator generator for supersymmetric models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce FlexibleSUSY, a Mathematica and C++ package, which generates a fast, precise C++ spectrum generator for any SUSY model specified by the user. The generated code is designed with both speed and modularity in mind, making it easy to adapt and extend with new features. The model is specified by supplying the superpotential, gauge structure and particle content in a SARAH model file; specific boundary conditions e.g. at the GUT, weak or intermediate scales are defined in a separate FlexibleSUSY model file. From these model files, FlexibleSUSY generates C++ code for self-energies, tadpole corrections, renormalization group equations (RGEs) and electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB) conditions and combines them with numerical routines for solving the RGEs and EWSB conditions simultaneously. The resulting spectrum generator is then able to solve for the spectrum of the model, including loop-corrected pole masses, consistent with user specified boundary conditions. The modular structure of the generated code allows for individual components to be replaced with an alternative if available. FlexibleSUSY has been carefully designed to grow as alternative solvers and calculators are added. Predefined models include the MSSM, NMSSM, E$_6$SSM, USSM, R-symmetric models and models with right-handed neutrinos.

Peter Athron; Jae-hyeon Park; Dominik Stöckinger; Alexander Voigt

2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

438

Win-stay lose-shift strategy in formation changes in football  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Managerial decision making is likely to be a dominant determinant of performance of teams in team sports. Here we use Japanese and German football data to investigate correlates between temporal patterns of formation changes across matches and match results. We found that individual teams and managers both showed win-stay lose-shift behavior, a type of reinforcement learning. In other words, they tended to stick to the current formation after a win and switch to a different formation after a loss. In addition, formation changes did not affect the results of succeeding matches in most cases. The results indicate that a swift implementation of a new formation in the win-stay lose-shift manner may not be a successful managerial rule of thumb.

Tamura, Kohei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

GCFR steam generator conceptual design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gas-cooled fast reactor (GCFR) steam generators are large once-through heat exchangers with helically coiled tube bundles. In the GCFR demonstration plant, hot helium from the reactor core is passed through these units to produce superheated steam, which is used by the turbine generators to produce electrical power. The paper describes the conceptual design of the steam generator. The major components and functions of the design are addressed. The topics discussed are the configuration, operating conditions, design criteria, and the design verification and support programs.

Holm, R.A.; Elliott, J.P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Minimization of steam requirements and enhancement of water-gas shift reaction with warm gas temperature CO2 removal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure utilizes a hydroxide sorbent for humidification and CO.sub.2 removal from a gaseous stream comprised of CO and CO.sub.2 prior to entry into a water-gas-shift reactor, in order to decrease CO.sub.2 concentration and increase H.sub.2O concentration and shift the water-gas shift reaction toward the forward reaction products CO.sub.2 and H.sub.2. The hydroxide sorbent may be utilized for absorbtion of CO.sub.2 exiting the water-gas shift reactor, producing an enriched H.sub.2 stream. The disclosure further provides for regeneration of the hydroxide sorbent at temperature approximating water-gas shift conditions, and for utilizing H.sub.2O product liberated as a result of the CO.sub.2 absorption.

Siriwardane, Ranjani V; Fisher, II, James C

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A review of "Shifting Contexts: Reinterpreting Samson Agonistes" by Joseph Wittreich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of which are sketched very impressively in this important volume. Joseph Wittreich. Shifting Contexts: Reinterpreting Samson Agonistes. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 2002. xxxii + 352 pp.+ 5 illus. $60.00. Review by WILLIAM B. HUNTER... Skulsky (1995), John Shawcross, and Derek Wood (both 2001), plus collections of essays edited by George Maclean (1995) and by Mark Kelley and Joseph Wittreich (2002). Earlier books on Samson by Mary Ann Radzinowicz (1978) and Wittreich (1986) won...

William B. Hunter

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Investigation of carbon dioxide phase shift possibility under extreme Antarctic winter conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Antarctic winter atmosphere minimal temperature and pressure series reveal that $CO_2$ phase shift (deposition) is possible in some extreme cases, even leading to possible $CO_2$ snow phenomenon at Vostok Antarctic station and in other near South Pole regions. A hypothesis has been formulated that stable $CO_2$ snow cover might have formed in Earth past which may influence interpretation of glacial chronology records. This effect may also manifest in other minor gases. Its global climate role is discussed.

Vashchenko, V M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Differential-phase-shift quantum key distribution with phase modulation to combat sequential attacks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase-modulated differential-phase-shift (DPS) quantum key distribution (QKD) is presented for combating sequential attacks that most severely restrict the DPS-QKD system distance. Slow phase modulation imposed onto the DPS signal obstructs the optimum unambiguous state discrimination measurement conducted in the sequential attack and improves the QKD distance as a result. The condition with which the phase modulation does not degrade the DPS-QKD system performance is also described.

Kawahara, Hiroki; Oka, Toru; Inoue, Kyo [Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

A Differential Phase Shift Scheme for Quantum Key Distribution in Passive Optical Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a scheme for quantum key distribution (QKD) in a passive optical network (PON) based on differential phase shift (DPS) coding. A centralized station including all expensive components serves many users, making it suitable for a true multi-user network in a local environment with moderate distances on the order of a few kilometers. The emphasis lies on an asymmetric design for cost effective implementation of network end points.

Michael Hentschel; Andreas Poppe; Bernhard Schrenk; Momtchil Peev; Edwin Querasser; Roland Lieger

2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

445

Position and frequency shifts induced by massive modes of the gravitational wave background in alternative gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alternative theories of gravity predict the presence of massive scalar, vector, and tensor gravitational wave modes in addition to the standard massless spin 2 graviton of general relativity. The deflection and frequency shift effects on light from distant sources propagating through a stochastic background of gravitational waves, containing such modes, differ from their counterparts in general relativity. Such effects are considered as a possible signature for alternative gravity in attempts to detect deviations from Einstein's gravity by astrophysical means.

Bellucci, Stefano [INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Via Enrico Fermi 40, I-00044 Frascati (Italy); Capozziello, Salvatore; De Laurentis, Mariafelicia [Dip. di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli 'Federico II' and INFN Sez. di Napoli, Compl. Universitario Monte S. Angelo, Ed. N, Via Cinthia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Faraoni, Valerio [Physics Department, Bishop's University, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada J1M 1Z7 (Canada)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

Proton polarizability effect in the Lamb shift of the hydrogen atom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The proton polarizability correction to the Lamb shift of electronic and muonic hydrogen is calculated on the basis of isobar model and experimental data on the structure functions of deep inelastic lepton-nucleon scattering. The contributions of the Born terms, vector-meson exchanges and nucleon resonances are taken into account in the construction of the photoabsorption cross sections for transversely and longitudinally polarized virtual photons sigma_{T,L}.

A. P. Martynenko

2005-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

447

S, P, D, F wave KN phase shifts in the chiral SU(3) quark model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $S$, $P$, $D$, $F$ wave $KN$ phase shifts have been studied in the chiral SU(3) quark model by solving a resonating group method equation. The numerical results of different partial waves are in agreement with the experimental data except for the cases of $P_{13}$ and $D_{15}$, which are less well described when the laboratory momentum of the kaon meson is greater than 400 MeV.

F. Huang; Z. Y. Zhang; Y. W. Yu

2005-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

448

Serial Intraoperative MR Imaging of Brain Shift Arya Nabavi, M.D.1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Serial Intraoperative MR Imaging of Brain Shift Arya Nabavi, M.D.1 , Peter McL. Black, M.D. Ph.D.1 , David T. Gering, M.S.4 , Carl-Fredrik Westin, Ph.D3 , Vivek Mehta, M.D.1 , Richard S. Pergolizzi Jr., M, M.D., Ph.D.2 , William M. Wells III, Ph.D4 ., Ron Kikinis, M.D.3 , Ferenc A. Jolesz, M.D.3 1

449

Predicting Flaw-Induced Resonance Spectrum Shift with Theoretical Perturbation Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resonance inspection is an emerging non-destructive evaluation (NDE) technique which uses the resonance spectra differences between the good part population and the flawed parts to identify anomalous parts. It was previously established that finite-element (FE)-based modal analysis can be used to predict the resonance spectrum for an engineering scale part with relatively good accuracy. However, FE-based simulations can be time consuming in examining the spectrum shifts induced by all possible structural flaws. This paper aims at developing a computationally efficient perturbation technique to quantify the frequency shifts induced by small structural flaws, based on the FE simulated resonance spectrum for the perfect part. A generic automotive connecting rod is used as the example part for our study. The results demonstrate that the linear perturbation theory provides a very promising way in predicting frequency changes induced by small structural flaws. As the flaw size increases, the discrepancy between the perturbation analysis and the actual FE simulation results increases due to nonlinearity, yet the perturbation analysis is still able to predict the right trend in frequency shift.

Lai, Canhai; Sun, Xin

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

450

The Lamb Shift of Hydrogen and Low-Energy Tests of QED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leading logarithmic corrections to the difference of Lamb shifts of s-states $E_L(1s)-8E_L(2s)$ and to the life time of $2p_{1/2}$ state are considered. The result of Sokolov and Yakovlev for the Lamb splitting of $2s_{1/2}$ and $2p_{1/2}$ is re-evaluated and our new value is 1057.8576(21) MHz. Using value of $E_L(1s)-8E_L(2s)=$ -187.237(8) MHz, obtained here, a new value of the Hydrogen and Deuterium ground states using all recent measurements connected with 1s or 2s Lamb shifts. The highest precision value for the Hydrogen ground state is obtained from corrected result of Sokolov and Yakovlev experiment as 8172.934(22) MHz. The Deuterium result is $E_L(1s)-8E_L(2s)=$ -187.229(8) MHz, using it we obtain from the Garching experiment 8183.905(224) MHz. Some related topics are also considered. Taking into account nearest future result the fine structure constant problem are reviewed. Special attention is payed to Muonium hyperfine splitting, which it is done simillar to Lamb shift calculatuion for and to the neutron de Broglie's wave length measurements which also could lead to some connection between the Deuterium mass and the fine structure constant.

Savely G. Karshenboim; D. I. Mendeleev

1994-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

451

Financing Co-generation Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

profit generated by energy intensive industries will not be sufficient to provide the capital required for both normal business expansion and energy conservation projects. Debt financing for energy saving equipment will adversely impact balance sheet...

Young, R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Embedded Generation (New Brunswick, Canada)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

NB Power has seen an increase in the amount of companies and individuals who are interested in generating electricity using an environmentally sustainable energy source. As a result, NB Power has...

453

Clean Electric Power Generation (Canada)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fossil fuels in Canada account for 27 percent of the electricity generated. The combustion of these fuels is a major source of emissions which affect air quality and climate change. The Government...

454

Heat Recovery Steam Generator Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper discusses the applications of Heat Recovery Steam Generator Simulation. Consultants, plant engineers and plant developers can evaluate the steam side performance of HRSGs and arrive at the optimum system which matches the needs...

Ganapathy, V.

455

Natural ventilation generates building form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural ventilation is an efficient design strategy for thermal comfort in hot and humid climates. The building forms can generate different pressures and temperatures to induce natural ventilation. This thesis develops a ...

Chen, Shaw-Bing

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Phenomena  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to develop jointly a licensing strategy for the Next Generation Nuclear plant (NGNP), a very high temperature gas-cooled reactor (VHTR) for...

457

Automotive Power Generation and Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes some new developments in the application of power electronics to automotive power generation and control. A new load-matching technique is introduced that uses a simple switched-mode rectifier to achieve ...

Caliskan, Vahe

458

The generative powers of demolition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When examining the factory within the urban fabric, especially those cases that are abandoned and considered obsolete, it may be possible to see the first generative act as one of un-building. Considering demolition as an ...

Muskopf, Christopher Jon Dalton, 1975-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Self-Generation Incentive Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Initiated in 2001, the Self-Generation Incentive Program (SGIP) offers incentives to customers who produce electricity with wind turbines, fuel cells, various forms of combined heat and power (CHP)...

460

Idea Generation 3D printing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2012 Idea Generation 3D printing at nanoscale Cruising on electrical roads Pushing back against Centre micro and nanoscale 15 Taking 3D printing to the nanoscale 18 Fighting cancer with a "lab

Papadopouli, Maria

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Fluorine separation and generation device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process and apparatus for the electrolytic separation of fluorine from a mixture of gases is disclosed. Also described is the process and apparatus for the generation of fluorine from fluorine/fluoride containing solids, liquids or gases.

Jacobson, Craig P. (Moraga, CA); Visco, Steven J. (Berkeley, CA); DeJonghe, Lutgard C. (Lafayette, CA); Stefan, Constantin I. (Hayward, CA)

2010-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

462

Next Generation Light Source Workshops  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Next Generation Light Source Workshops A series of workshops will be held in late August with the goal of refining the scientific drivers for the facility and translating the...

463

Figure 1. Nonhydroelectric renewable generation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Nonhydroelectric renewable generation" " (billion kilowatthours)" ,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021,2022,2023,2024,2025,2026,2027,2028,...

464

Unmediated data-oriented generation   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the development of a system of Data-Oriented Generation (DOG) wherein noun-phrases are produced as descriptions of simple visual stimuli. This is work towards a broader goal of developing a ...

Cochran, Dave

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Finite generation of Tate cohomology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Let G be a finite group and let k be a field of characteristic p. Given a finitely generated indecomposable non-projective kG-module M, we conjecture that if the Tate cohomology $\\HHHH^*(G, M)$ of G with coefficients in M is finitely generated over the Tate cohomology ring $\\HHHH^*(G, k)$, then the support variety V_G(M) of M is equal to the entire maximal ideal spectrum V_G(k). We prove various results which support this conjecture. The converse of this conjecture is established for modules in the connected component of k in the stable Auslander-Reiten quiver for kG, but it is shown to be false in general. It is also shown that all finitely generated kG-modules over a group G have finitely generated Tate cohomology if and only if G has periodic cohomology.

Jon F. Carlson; Sunil K. Chebolu; Jan Minac.; 15 (2011) 244-257

466

Fluorine separation and generation device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process and apparatus for the electrolytic separation of fluorine from a mixture of gases is disclosed. Also described is the process and apparatus for the generation of fluorine from fluorine/fluoride containing solids, liquids or gases.

The Regents of the University of California (Oakland, CA)

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

467

Hydrogen storage and generation system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for storing and generating hydrogen generally and, in particular, a system for storing and generating hydrogen for use in an H.sub.2/O.sub.2 fuel cell. The hydrogen storage system uses the beta particles from a beta particle emitting material to degrade an organic polymer material to release substantially pure hydrogen. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, beta particles from .sup.63Ni are used to release hydrogen from linear polyethylene.

Dentinger, Paul M. (Sunol, CA); Crowell, Jeffrey A. W. (Castro Valley, CA)

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

468

Solid state pulsed power generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power generator includes one or more full bridge inverter modules coupled to a semiconductor opening switch (SOS) through an inductive resonant branch. Each module includes a plurality of switches that are switched in a fashion causing the one or more full bridge inverter modules to drive the semiconductor opening switch SOS through the resonant circuit to generate pulses to a load connected in parallel with the SOS.

Tao, Fengfeng; Saddoughi, Seyed Gholamali; Herbon, John Thomas

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

469

Frequency regulator for synchronous generators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to a novel frequency regulator which controls a generator output frequency for variations in both the input power to the generator and the power supplied to an uncontrolled external load. The present invention further includes over current and current balance protection devices which are relatively inexpensive to manufacture, which may be encapsulated to provide protection from the operating environment and which respond more quickly than previously known electromechanical devices. 11 figs.

Karlicek, R.F.

1982-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

470

Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recently proposed concept of the Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation (EEHG) FEL uses two laser modulators in combination with two dispersion sections to generate a high-harmonic density modulation in a relativistic beam. This seeding technique holds promise of a one-stage soft x-ray FEL that radiates not only transversely but also longitudinally coherent pulses. Currently, an experimental verification of the concept is being conducted at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory aimed at the demonstration of the EEHG.

Stupakov, Gennady; /SLAC

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

471

Lexicon generation methods, lexicon generation devices, and lexicon generation articles of manufacture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Lexicon generation methods, computer implemented lexicon editing methods, lexicon generation devices, lexicon editors, and articles of manufacture are described according to some aspects. In one aspect, a lexicon generation method includes providing a seed vector indicative of occurrences of a plurality of seed terms within a plurality of text items, providing a plurality of content vectors indicative of occurrences of respective ones of a plurality of content terms within the text items, comparing individual ones of the content vectors with respect to the seed vector, and responsive to the comparing, selecting at least one of the content terms as a term of a lexicon usable in sentiment analysis of text.

Carter, Richard J [Richland, WA; McCall, Jonathon D [West Richland, WA; Whitney, Paul D [Richland, WA; Gregory, Michelle L [Richland, WA; Turner, Alan E [Kennewick, WA; Hetzler, Elizabeth G [Kennewick, WA; White, Amanda M [Kennewick, WA; Posse, Christian [Seattle, WA; Nakamura, Grant C [Kennewick, WA

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

472

Bit error rate tester using fast parallel generation of linear recurring sequences  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fast method for generating linear recurring sequences by parallel linear recurring sequence generators (LRSGs) with a feedback circuit optimized to balance minimum propagation delay against maximal sequence period. Parallel generation of linear recurring sequences requires decimating the sequence (creating small contiguous sections of the sequence in each LRSG). A companion matrix form is selected depending on whether the LFSR is right-shifting or left-shifting. The companion matrix is completed by selecting a primitive irreducible polynomial with 1's most closely grouped in a corner of the companion matrix. A decimation matrix is created by raising the companion matrix to the (n*k).sup.th power, where k is the number of parallel LRSGs and n is the number of bits to be generated at a time by each LRSG. Companion matrices with 1's closely grouped in a corner will yield sparse decimation matrices. A feedback circuit comprised of XOR logic gates implements the decimation matrix in hardware. Sparse decimation matrices can be implemented with minimum number of XOR gates, and therefore a minimum propagation delay through the feedback circuit. The LRSG of the invention is particularly well suited to use as a bit error rate tester on high speed communication lines because it permits the receiver to synchronize to the transmitted pattern within 2n bits.

Pierson, Lyndon G.; Witzke, Edward L.; Maestas, Joseph H.

2003-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

473

Event generation with SHERPA 1.1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper the current release of the Monte Carlo event generator Sherpa, version 1.1, is presented. Sherpa is a general-purpose tool for the simulation of particle collisions at high-energy colliders. It contains a very flexible tree-level matrix-element generator for the calculation of hard scattering processes within the Standard Model and various new physics models. The emission of additional QCD partons off the initial and final states is described through a parton-shower model. To consistently combine multi-parton matrix elements with the QCD parton cascades the approach of Catani, Krauss, Kuhn and Webber is employed. A simple model of multiple interactions is used to account for underlying events in hadron-hadron collisions. The fragmentation of partons into primary hadrons is described using a phenomenological cluster-hadronization model. A comprehensive library for simulating tau-lepton and hadron decays is provided. Where available form-factor models and matrix elements are used, allowing for the inclusion of spin correlations; effects of virtual and real QED corrections are included using the approach of Yennie, Frautschi and Suura.

Gleisberg, T.; Hoche, Stefan.; Krauss, F.; Schoenherr, M.; Schumann, S.; Siegert, F.; Winter, J.

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

474

Existing generating assets squeezed as new project starts slow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most forecasting reports concentrate on political or regulatory events to predict future industry trends. Frequently overlooked are the more empirical performance trends of the principal power generation technologies. Solomon and Associates queried its many power plant performance databases and crunched some numbers to identify those trends. Areas of investigation included reliability, utilization (net output factor and net capacity factor) and cost (operating costs). An in-depth analysis for North America and Europe is presented in this article, by region and by regeneration technology. 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Jones, R.B.; Tiffany, E.D. [HSB Solomon Associates LLC (USA)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Nucleon form factors and final state radiative corrections to $e^+e^-\\to \\bar p p ?$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New parametrisation for the electric and the magnetic form factors of proton and neutron are presented. The proton form factors describe well the recent measurements by BaBar collaboration and earlier ones of the ratio of the form factors in space-like region. The neutron form factors are consistent with earlier measurements of neutron pair production and ratio of the form factors in the space-like region. These form factors are implemented into the generator PHOKHARA, which simulates the reactions $e^+e^-\\to \\bar p p \\gamma$ and $e^+e^-\\to \\bar n n\\gamma$. The influence of final state radiation is investigated.

Henryk Czyz; Johann H. Kuhn; Szymon Tracz

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

476

A Comprehensive Contribution Factor Method for Congestion Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be combined with demand side (load) management to solve the congestion. The congestion management scheme generator re-dispatching alone or combined with demand side management due to the availability of load1 A Comprehensive Contribution Factor Method for Congestion Management H. Song, Student Member

477

Generated using version 3.0 of the official AMS LATEX template Atmospheric dynamics triggered by an oceanic SST front in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generated using version 3.0 of the official AMS LATEX template Atmospheric dynamics triggered and motivation Over the last few years, the emphasis of air­sea interaction studies has shifted from the effect. 1981; Businger and Shaw 1984) noted that the asymmetry in the SST profile creates an unequal heating

Ghil, Michael

478

NEW APPROACH TO ADDRESSING GAS GENERATION IN RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Safety Analysis Reports for Packaging (SARP) document why the transportation of radioactive material is safe in Type A(F) and Type B shipping containers. The content evaluation of certain actinide materials require that the gas generation characteristics be addressed. Most packages used to transport actinides impose extremely restrictive limits on moisture content and oxide stabilization to control or prevent flammable gas generation. These requirements prevent some users from using a shipping container even though the material to be shipped is fully compliant with the remaining content envelope including isotopic distribution. To avoid these restrictions, gas generation issues have to be addressed on a case by case basis rather than a one size fits all approach. In addition, SARP applicants and review groups may not have the knowledge and experience with actinide chemistry and other factors affecting gas generation, which facility experts in actinide material processing have obtained in the last sixty years. This paper will address a proposal to create a Gas Generation Evaluation Committee to evaluate gas generation issues associated with Safety Analysis Reports for Packaging material contents. The committee charter could include reviews of both SARP approved contents and new contents not previously evaluated in a SARP.

Watkins, R; Leduc, D; Askew, N

2009-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

479

Report on discussions with utility engineers about superconducting generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report relates to a series of discussions with electric utility engineers concerning the integration of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) generators into the present electric power system. The current and future interest of the utilities in the purchase and use of HTS generators is assessed. Various performance and economic factors are also considered as part of this inspection of the utility prospects for HTS generators. Integration of HTS generators into the electric utility sector is one goal of the Superconductivity Partnership Initiative (SPI). The SPI, a major part of the Department of Energy (DOE) Superconductivity Program for Electric Systems, features vertical teaming of a major industrial power apparatus manufacturers, a producer of HTS wire, and an end-user with assistance and technical support for the national laboratories. The SPI effort on HTS generators is headed by a General Electric Corporation internal team comprised of the Corporate Research Laboratories, Power Generation Engineering, and Power Systems Group. Intermagnetics General corporation, which assisted in the development of the superconducting coils, is the HTS wire and tape manufacturer. Additional technical support is provided by the national laboratories: Argonne, Los Alamos, and Oak Ridge, and the New York State Institute on Superconductivity. The end-user is represented by Niagara-Mohawk and the Electric Power Research Institute.

none,

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Coal-fired diesel generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the proposed project is to test the technical, environmental, and economic viability of a coal-fired diesel generator for producing electric power in small power generating markets. Coal for the diesel generator would be provided from existing supplies transported for use in the University`s power plant. A cleanup system would be installed for limiting gaseous and particulate emissions. Electricity and steam produced by the diesel generator would be used to supply the needs of the University. The proposed diesel generator and supporting facilities would occupy approximately 2 acres of land adjacent to existing coal- and oil-fired power plant and research laboratory buildings at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks. The environmental analysis identified that the most notable changes to result from the proposed project would occur in the following areas: power plant configuration at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks; air emissions, water use and discharge, and the quantity of solid waste for disposal; noise levels at the power plant site; and transportation of coal to the power plant. No substantive adverse impacts or environmental concerns were identified in analyzing the effects of these changes.

NONE

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generator shift factor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Phase Shift Analysis of the p14C Scattering at the Energy of the 2S1/2 Resonance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phase shift analysis for determination of the 2S1/2 resonance at 1.5 MeV was carried out on the basis of the known experimental measurements of the excitation functions of the p14C elastic scattering at four angles from 90 to 165 grad. and more than 100 energy values in the range from 600-800 to 2200-2400 keV. The obtained shape of the resonance 2S1/2 phase shift coincides with the characteristics of the corresponding level of 15N in whole, and the suggested potential acceptably describe this scattering phase shift.

S. B. Dubovichenko; A. V. Dzhazairov-Kakhramanov

2014-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

482

Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We experimentally disentangle the contributions of different quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation (HHG) from the spectrally and spatially resolved harmonic spectra. By adjusting the laser intensity and focusing position, we simultaneously observe the spectrum splitting, frequency shift and intensity-dependent modulation of harmonic yields both for the short and long paths. Based on the simulations, we discriminate the physical mechanisms of the intensity-dependent modulation of HHG due to the quantum path interference and macroscopic interference effects. Moreover, it is shown that the atomic dipole phases of different quantum paths are encoded in the frequency shift. In turn, it enables us to retrieve the atomic dipole phases and the temporal chirps of different quantum paths from the measured harmonic spectra. This result gives an informative mapping of spatiotemporal and spectral features of quantum paths in HHG.

He, Lixin; Zhang, Qingbin; Zhai, Chunyang; Wang, Feng; Shi, Wenjing; Lu, Peixiang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Generation of Coherent X-Ray Radiation Through Modulation Compression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this letter, we propose a scheme to generate tunable coherent X-ray radiation for future light source applications. This scheme uses an energy chirped electron beam, a laser modulators, a laser chirper and two bunch compressors to generate a prebunched kilo-Ampere current electron beam from a few tens Ampere electron beam out of a linac. The initial modulation energy wavelength can be compressed by a factor of $1+h_b R_{56}^a$ in phase space, where $h_b$ is the energy bunch length chirp introduced by the laser chirper, $R_{56}^a$ is the momentum compaction factor of the first bunch compressor. As an illustration, we present an example to generate more than $400$ MW, $170$ atto-seconds pulse, $1$ nm coherent X-ray radiation using a $60$ Ampere electron beam out of the linac and $200$ nm laser seed. Both the final wavelength and the radiation pulse length in the proposed scheme are tunable by adjusting the compression factor and the laser parameters.

Qiang, Ji

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Generation of Coherent X-Ray Radiation Through Modulation Compression  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this letter, we propose a scheme to generate tunable coherent X-ray radiation for future light source applications. This scheme uses an energy chirped electron beam, a laser modulators, a laser chirper and two bunch compressors to generate a prebunched kilo-Ampere current electron beam from a few tens Ampere electron beam out of a linac. The initial modulation energy wavelength can be compressed by a factor of 1 + h{sub b}R{sub 56}{sup a} phase space, where h{sub b} is the energy bunch length chirp introduced by the laser chirper, R{sub 56}{sup a} is the momentum compaction factor of the first bunch compressor. As an illustration, we present an example to generate more than 400 MW, 170 atto-seconds pulse, 1 nm coherent X-ray radiation using a 60 Ampere electron beam out. of the linac and 200 nm laser seed. Both the final wavelength and the radiation pulse length in the proposed scheme are tunable by adjusting the compression factor and the laser parameters.

Qiang, Ji; Wu, Juhao

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

485

Setting a retail generation credit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While the additional cost components will vary depending on the way that the wholesale energy component is calculated, at minimum a generation credit should recognize the following costs: Additional value of shaping or load-following; Premia associated with the risks of serving retail load; Transmission costs incurred by competitive suppliers; Commercial costs; and Reasonable profits. In this article the author reviews the construction of a generation credit, starting with three different ways to compute the wholesale cost of electric energy--as a forecast, as a forward price, or from the spot market--and then moving to consideration of additional cost items. Throughout the authors attempts to estimate the costs an efficient competitor will incur in order to illustrate the difference between a retail generation credit and a wholesale price index.

Jacobs, J.M.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Efficient Generation of Generic Entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We find that generic entanglement is physical, in the sense that it can be generated in polynomial time from two-qubit gates picked at random. We prove as the main result that such a process generates the average entanglement of the uniform (Haar) measure in at most $O(N^3)$ steps for $N$ qubits. This is despite an exponentially growing number of such gates being necessary for generating that measure fully on the state space. Numerics furthermore show a variation cut-off allowing one to associate a specific time with the achievement of the uniform measure entanglement distribution. Various extensions of this work are discussed. The results are relevant to entanglement theory and to protocols that assume generic entanglement can be achieved efficiently.

R. Oliveira; O. C. O. Dahlsten; M. B. Plenio

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

487

Controlling the Interference of Multiple Molecular Orbitals in High-Harmonic Generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a new method to investigate the origin of spectral structures in high-harmonic generation. We report detailed measurements of high-harmonic spectra in aligned nitrogen and carbon dioxide molecules. Varying the wavelength and intensity of the generating laser field, we show that the minimum in aligned N{sub 2} molecules is nearly unaffected, whereas the minimum in aligned CO{sub 2} molecules shifts over more than 15 eV. Our quantitative analysis shows that both the interference of multiple orbitals and their structural characteristics affect the position of the minimum. Our method provides a simple approach to the investigation of the high-harmonic generation process in more complex molecules.

Woerner, H. J.; Bertrand, J. B.; Hockett, P.; Corkum, P. B.; Villeneuve, D. M. [Joint Laboratory for Attosecond Science, National Research Council of Canada and University of Ottawa, 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0R6 (Canada)

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

488

Dynamic performance and control of a static var generator using cascade multilevel inverters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cascade multilevel inverter is proposed for static VAR shifting, compensation/generation applications. The new cascade M-level inverter consists of (M-1)/2 single-phase full bridges in which each bridge has its own separate dc source. This inverter can generate almost sinusoidal waveform voltage with only one time switching per cycle. It can eliminate the need for transformers in multipulse inverters. A prototype static VAR generator (SVG) system using 11- level cascade inverter (21-level line-to-line voltage waveform) has been built. The output voltage waveform is equivalent to that of a 60- pulse inverter. This paper focuses on dynamic performance of the cascade inverter based SVG system. Control schemes are proposed to achieve a fast response which is impossible for a conventional static VAR compensator (SVC). Analytical, simulated and experimental results show the superiority of the proposed SVG system.

Peng, Fang Zheng [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States); Lai, Jih-Sheng [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Liquid soap film generates electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have observed that a rotating liquid soap film generates electricity when placed between two non-contact electrodes with a sufficiently large potential difference. In our experiments suspended liquid film (water + soap film) is formed on the surface of a circular frame, which is forced to rotate in the $x-y$ horizontal plane by a motor. This system is located at the center of two capacitor-like vertical plates to apply an external electric voltage difference in the $x-$direction. The produced electric current is collected from the liquid film using two conducting electrodes that are separated in the $y-$direction. We previously reported that a liquid film in an external electric field rotates when an electric current passes through it, naming it the liquid film motor (LFM). In this paper we report a novel technique, in which a similar device can be used as an electric generator, converting the rotating mechanical energy to electrical energy. The liquid film electric generator (LFEG) is in stark contrast to the LFM, both of which could be designed similarly in very small scales like micro scales with different applications. Although the device is comparable to commercial electric motors or electric generators, there is a significant difference in their working principles. Usually in an electric motor or generator the magnetic field causes the driving force, while in a LFM or LFEG the Coulomb force is the driving force. This fact is also interesting from the Bio-science point of view and brings a similarity to bio motors. Here we have investigated the electrical characteristics of such a generator for the first time experimentally and modelled the phenomenon with electroconvection governing equations. A numerical simulation is performed using the local approximation for the charge-potential relation and results are in qualitative agreement with experiments.

Ahmad Amjadi; Sadegh Feiz; Reza Montazeri Namin

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

490

Tax Credits and Renewable Generation (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Tax incentives have been an important factor in the growth of renewable generation over the past decade, and they could continue to be important in the future. The Energy Tax Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-618) established ITCs for wind, and EPACT92 established the Renewable Electricity Production Credit (more commonly called the PTC) as an incentive to promote certain kinds of renewable generation beyond wind on the basis of production levels. Specifically, the PTC provided an inflation-adjusted tax credit of 1.5 cents per kilowatthour for generation sold from qualifying facilities during the first 10 years of operation. The credit was available initially to wind plants and facilities that used closed-loop biomass fuels and were placed in service after passage of the Act and before June 1999.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Doppler-Shift Asymmetry in High-Velocity Maser Emission from Shocks in Circumnuclear Disks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SHORT VERSION: The rapidly rotating, masing circumnuclear disk in the central sub-parsec region of the galaxy NGC 4258 is remarkably circular and Keplerian, yet a striking asymmetry appears in the maser spectrum: the red-shifted, high- velocity sources are much more numerous and significantly more intense than the blue-shifted ones. A similar strong asymmetry appears also in the recently discovered, masing, circumnuclear disks in NGC 1068 and NGC 4945, thus suggesting it may be a general phenomenon. We show that the observed Doppler-shift asymmetry can naturally arise due to spiral shocks in circumnuclear disks, independent of the existence of a warp in the disk or the azimuthal direction to the observer. The high velocities of these features reflect the rotational velocities in the disk, and have nothing to do with the shock speed. In NGC 4258 - the currently most well-defined masing disk - the proposed scenario can also account for the intriguing clustering of the high-velocity maser spots in distinct clumps, the restricted spatial distribution of the low-velocity sources, and the dip in the maser spectrum at the systemic velocity of the disk. In this case we infer a disk mass of ~10E4 M_sun and a mass accretion rate of order ~7E-3 M_sun/year, which may be consistent with an advection-dominated accretion flow. The model is consistent with the observed Keplerian rotation, and introduces only negligible corrections to the previously derived black hole mass and galaxy distance. Predictions include slow systematic drifts in the velocity and position of all the high-velocity features, and the existence of circumnuclear disks which are delineated only by high-velocity maser emission.

Eyal Maoz; Christopher F. McKee

1997-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

492

Parallax-Shifted Microlensing Events from Ground-Based Observations of the Galactic Bulge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The parallax effect in ground-based microlensing (ML) observations consists of a distortion to the standard ML light curve arising from the Earth's orbital motion. In most cases, the resolution in current ML surveys is not accurate enough to observe this effect, but parallax could conceivably be detected with frequent followup observations of ML events in progress. We calculate the expected fraction of events where parallax distortions will be detected by such observations, adopting Galactic models consistent with the observed ML timescale ($t_0$) distributions. We study the dependence of the rates for parallax-shifted events on the sampling frequency and on the photometric precision. For example, we find that for hourly observations with typical photometric errors of 0.01 mag, 6\\% of events where the lens is in the bulge, and 31\\% of events where the lens is in the disk, (or $\\approx 10$\\% of events overall) will give rise to a measurable parallax shift at the 95\\% confidence level. These fractions may be increased by improved photometric accuracy and increased sampling frequency. Parallax measurements yield the reduced transverse speed, $\\tilde{v}$, which gives both the relative transverse speed and lens mass as functions of distance. We give examples of the accuracies with which $\\tilde{v}$ may be measured in typical parallax events. Using only the 3 standard ML parameters to fit ML light curves which may be shape-distorted by parallax or blending, can result in incorrect inferred values for these quantities. We find that the inferred timescales from such fits tend to shift the event duration distribution by $\\approx 10$\\% towards shorter $t_0$ for events with disk lenses, but do not affect bulge lenses. In both cases, the impact-parameter distribution is depressed slightly at the low and high ends.

Ari Buchalter; Marc Kamionkowski

1996-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

493

WATER-GAS SHIFT KINETICS OVER IRON OXIDE CATALYSTS AT MEMBRANE REACTOR CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The kinetics of water-gas shift were studied over ferrochrome catalysts under conditions with high carbon dioxide partial pressures, such as would be expected in a membrane reactor. The catalyst activity is inhibited by increasing carbon dioxide partial pressure. A microkinetic model of the reaction kinetics was developed. The model indicated that catalyst performance could be improved by decreasing the strength of surface oxygen bonds. Literature data indicated that adding either ceria or copper to the catalyst as a promoter might impart this desired effect. Ceria-promoted ferrochrome catalysts did not perform any better than unpromoted catalyst at the conditions tested, but copper-promoted ferrochrome catalysts did offer an improvement over the base ferrochrome material. A different class of water-gas shift catalyst, sulfided CoMo/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} is not affected by carbon dioxide and may be a good alternative to the ferrochrome system, provided other constraints, notably the requisite sulfur level and maximum temperature, are not too limiting. A model was developed for an adiabatic, high-temperature water-gas shift membrane reactor. Simulation results indicate that an excess of steam in the feed (three moles of water per mole of CO) is beneficial even in a membrane reactor as it reduces the rate of adiabatic temperature rise. The simulations also indicate that much greater improvement can be attained by improving the catalyst as opposed to improving the membrane. Further, eliminating the inhibition by carbon dioxide will have a greater impact than will increasing the catalyst activity (assuming inhibition is still operative). Follow-up research into the use of sulfide catalysts with continued kinetic and reactor modeling is suggested.

Carl R.F. Lund

2002-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

494

ACTIVE REGION MOSS: DOPPLER SHIFTS FROM HINODE/EXTREME-ULTRAVIOLET IMAGING SPECTROMETER OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studying the Doppler shifts and the temperature dependence of Doppler shifts in moss regions can help us understand the heating processes in the core of the active regions. In this paper, we have used an active region observation recorded by the Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board Hinode on 2007 December 12 to measure the Doppler shifts in the moss regions. We have distinguished the moss regions from the rest of the active region by defining a low-density cutoff as derived by Tripathi et al. in 2010. We have carried out a very careful analysis of the EIS wavelength calibration based on the method described by Young et al. in 2012. For spectral lines having maximum sensitivity between log T = 5.85 and log T = 6.25 K, we find that the velocity distribution peaks at around 0 km s{sup -1} with an estimated error of 4-5 km s{sup -1}. The width of the distribution decreases with temperature. The mean of the distribution shows a blueshift which increases with increasing temperature and the distribution also shows asymmetries toward blueshift. Comparing these results with observables predicted from different coronal heating models, we find that these results are consistent with both steady and impulsive heating scenarios. However, the fact that there are a significant number of pixels showing velocity amplitudes that exceed the uncertainty of 5 km s{sup -1} is suggestive of impulsive heating. Clearly, further observational constraints are needed to distinguish between these two heating scenarios.

Tripathi, Durgesh [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune University Campus, Pune 411007 (India); Mason, Helen E. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Klimchuk, James A. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Nucleon Electromagnetic Form Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There has been much activity in the measurement of the elastic electromagnetic proton and neutron form factors in the last decade, and the quality of the data has greatly improved by performing double polarization experiments, in comparison with previous unpolarized data. Here we review the experimental data base in view of the new results for the proton, and neutron, obtained at JLab, MAMI, and MIT-Bates. The rapid evolution of phenomenological models triggered by these high-precision experiments will be discussed, including the recent progress in the determination of the valence quark generalized parton distributions of the nucleon, as well as the steady rate of improvements made in the lattice QCD calculations.

Marc Vanderhaeghen; Charles Perdrisat; Vina Punjabi

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Ultra-short pulse generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An inexpensive pulse generating circuit is disclosed that generates ultra-short, 200 picosecond, and high voltage 100 kW, pulses suitable for wideband radar and other wideband applications. The circuit implements a nonlinear transmission line with series inductors and variable capacitors coupled to ground made from reverse biased diodes to sharpen and increase the amplitude of a high-voltage power MOSFET driver input pulse until it causes non-destructive transit time breakdown in a final avalanche shock wave diode, which increases and sharpens the pulse even more. 5 figures.

McEwan, T.E.

1993-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

497

Generation of Gaussian Density Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This document describes analytical and numerical techniques for the generation of Gaussian density fields, which represent cosmological density perturbations. The mathematical techniques involved in the generation of density harmonics in k-space, the filtering of the density fields, and the normalization of the power spectrum to the measured temperature fluctuations of the Cosmic Microwave Background, are presented in details. These techniques are well-known amongst experts, but the current literature lacks a formal description. I hope that this technical report will prove useful to new researchers moving into this field, sparing them the task of reinventing the wheel.

Hugo Martel

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Effect of surface treatments on radiation buildup in steam generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of the effect of surface preparation on the radiation buildup of steam generator materials of construction was conducted. The tests consisted of exposing treated manway seal plates to primary reactor coolant during the second through the fifth fuel cycle of the Chinon B1 pressurized water reactor. The pretreatments included: mechanical polishing, electropolishing (either on the as received surface or on a surface which had been previously mechanically polished), and passivation via the RCT (laboratory) process or the Framatome (in situ) process. Radioactivity buildup was determined at the end of each fuel cycle. A selected number of the seal plates were removed from the steam generators after each exposure cycle for destructive examinations. The electropolished surfaces exhibited a significantly lower radioactive buildup rate; an average factor of five less buildup compared to an as-received surface. Passivation of the electropolished surface, especially via the RCT process, reduced the buildup rate still further by a factor of two over the electropolished-only surface. Examination of the surfaces by profilometry, scanning electron microscopy, etc., after exposure indicated no detrimental effects on the surface characteristics attributable to the surface treatments. A program has now been instituted to electropolish the steam generator channel heads of all new reactors in France, as well as the steam generators intended for replacement in existing plants. 1 ref., 5 figs., 10 tabs.

Not Available

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Parametrization of light nuclei quasiparticle energy shifts and composition of warm and dense nuclear matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Correlations and the formation of bound states (nuclei) are essential for the properties of nuclear matter in equilibrium as well as in nonequilibrium. In a quantum statistical approach, quasiparticle energies are obtained for the light elements that reflect the influence of the medium. We present analytical fits for the quasiparticle energy shifts of light nuclei that can be used in various applications. This is a prerequisite for the investigation of warm and dense matter that reproduces the nuclear statistical equilibrium and virial expansions in the low-density limit as well as relativistic mean field and Brueckner Hartree-Fock approaches near saturation density.

G. Röpke

2011-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

500

Multi-wavelength surface emitting quantum cascade laser based on equivalent phase shift  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel surface emitting distributed feedback quantum cascade laser emitting around ????4.6??m is demonstrated by employing an equivalent phase shift (EPS) of quarter-wave (?/4). The EPS is fabricated through extending one sampling period by 50% in the center of a sampled Bragg grating. Single-lobed far-field radiation pattern with a low divergence angle of about 0.6°?×?16.8° is obtained. Selective single-mode lasing with a mean side mode suppression ratio above 20?dB and wavelength coverage range of 72?nm is achieved simultaneously on a single wafer only by changing the sampling period.

Zhang, J. C., E-mail: zhangjinchuan@semi.ac.cn; Liu, F. Q., E-mail: fqliu@semi.ac.cn; Yao, D. Y.; Wang, L. J.; Yan, F. L.; Liu, J. Q.; Wang, Z. G. [Institute of Semiconductors, Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100083, People’s Republic of China and Beijing Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Materials and Devices, Beijing 100083 (China)

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z