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1

NNSA Launches Next Generation Safeguards Initiative | National Nuclear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative | National Nuclear Next Generation Safeguards Initiative | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > NNSA Launches Next Generation Safeguards Initiative NNSA Launches Next Generation Safeguards Initiative September 09, 2008 Washington, DC NNSA Launches Next Generation Safeguards Initiative

2

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Inaugural Conference | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Inaugural Conference Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Inaugural Conference Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Inaugural Conference September 12, 2008 - 3:20pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman Thank you, Ken, and all of you for that generous welcome. It is good to see so many of you here today for this discussion of a topic I consider to be among the most important in the Energy Department's portfolio. The U.S. Department of Energy has the responsibility for maintaining the safety and security of the U.S. nuclear stockpile. It is a responsibility I want you to know I take very personally. Thanks to the good work of Sen. Richard Lugar and others, we have the responsibility, through our National Nuclear Security Administration, to help other nations - especially the independent states that were once part

3

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Next Generation Safeguards Initiative  

SciTech Connect

In 2007, the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NA-24) completed a comprehensive review of the current and potential future challenges facing the international safeguards system. The review examined trends and events impacting the mission of international safeguards and the implications of expanding and evolving mission requirements on the legal authorities and institutions that serve as the foundation of the international safeguards system, as well as the technological, financial, and human resources required for effective safeguards implementation. The review's findings and recommendations were summarized in the report, 'International Safeguards: Challenges and Opportunities for the 21st Century (October 2007)'. One of the report's key recommendations was for DOE/NNSA to launch a major new program to revitalize the international safeguards technology and human resource base. In 2007, at the International Atomic Energy Agency's General Conference, then Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman announced the newly created Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI). NGSI consists of five program elements: (1) Policy development and outreach; (2) Concepts and approaches; (3) Technology and analytical methodologies; (4) Human resource development; and (5) Infrastructure development. The ensuing report addresses the 'Human Resource Development (HRD)' component of NGSI. The goal of the HRD as defined in the NNSA Program Plan (November 2008) is 'to revitalize and expand the international safeguards human capital base by attracting and training a new generation of talent.' One of the major objectives listed in the HRD goal includes education and training, outreach to universities, professional societies, postdoctoral appointments, and summer internships at national laboratories. ORNL is a participant in the NGSI program, together with several DOE laboratories such as Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). In particular, ORNL's participation encompasses student internships, postdoctoral appointments, collaboration with universities in safeguards curriculum development, workshops, and outreach to professional societies through career fairs.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL; Eipeldauer, Mary D [ORNL; Whitaker, J Michael [ORNL

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Workshop on Enhanced Recruiting for International Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

In 2007, the National Nuclear Security Administration's Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NA-24) completed a yearlong review of the challenges facing the international safeguards system today and over the next 25 years. The study found that without new investment in international safeguards, the U.S. safeguards technology base, and our ability to support International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards, will continue to erode and soon may be at risk. To reverse this trend, the then U.S. Secretary of Energy, Samuel Bodman, announced at the 2007 IAEA General Conference that the Department of Energy (DOE) would launch the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI). He stated 'IAEA safeguards must be robust and capable of addressing proliferation threats. Full confidence in IAEA safeguards is essential for nuclear power to grow safely and securely. To this end, the U.S. Department of Energy will seek to ensure that modern technology, the best scientific expertise, and adequate resources are available to keep pace with expanding IAEA responsibilities.' To meet this goal, the NGSI objectives include the recruitment of international safeguards experts to work at the U.S. national laboratories and to serve at the IAEA's headquarters. Part of the latter effort will involve enhancing our existing efforts to place well-qualified Americans in a sufficient number of key safeguards positions within the IAEA's Department of Safeguards. Accordingly, the International Safeguards Project Office (ISPO) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) hosted a Workshop on Enhanced Recruiting for International Safeguards (ERIS) on October 22 and 23, 2008. The ISPO used a workshop format developed earlier with Sonalysts, Inc., that was followed at the U.S. Support Program's (USSP's) technology road-mapping sessions. ISPO invited participants from the U.S. DOE, the IAEA, the U.S. national laboratories, private industry, academia, and professional societies who either are experts in international safeguards, or understand the challenges of recruiting for technical positions. The 44 participants represented eight national laboratories, four universities, three government organizations, two international organizations, two professional organizations, and three small companies. The goal of the ERIS workshop was to improve efforts to engage U.S. citizens for IAEA positions in the Department of Safeguards. The participants considered the specific challenges of recruiting professional staff, safeguards inspectors, and managers. At the workshop's conclusion, participants presented their findings to the NNSA Office of International Regimes and Agreements (NA-243). The report's major findings are summarized.

Pepper,S.; Rosenthal, M.; Fishbone, L.; Occhiogrosso, D.; Carroll, C.; Dreicer, M.; Wallace, R.; Rankhauser, J.

2008-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

5

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Workshop on Enhanced Recruiting for International Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) hosted a Workshop on Enhanced Recruiting for International Safeguards October 22 and 23, 2008. The workshop was sponsored by DOE/NA-243 under the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI). Placing well-qualified Americans in sufficient number and in key safeguards positions within the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA’s) Department of Safeguards is an important U.S. non-proliferation objective. The goal of the NGSI Workshop on Enhanced Recruiting for International Safeguards was to improve U.S. efforts to recruit U.S. citizens for IAEA positions in the Department of Safeguards. The participants considered the specific challenges of recruiting professional staff, safeguards inspectors, and managers. BNL’s International Safeguards Project Office invited participants from the U.S. Department of Energy, the IAEA, U.S. national laboratories, private industry, academia, and professional societies who are either experts in international safeguards or who understand the challenges of recruiting for technical positions. A final report for the workshop will be finalized and distributed in early 2009. The main finding of the workshop was the need for an integrated recruitment plan to take into account pools of potential candidates, various government and private agency stakeholders, the needs of the IAEA, and the NGSI human capital development plan. There were numerous findings related to and recommendations for maximizing the placement of U.S. experts in IAEA Safeguards positions. The workshop participants offered many ideas for increasing the pool of candidates and increasing the placement rate. This paper will provide details on these findings and recommendations

Pepper,S.E.; Rosenthal, M.D.; Fishbone, L.G.; Occhogrosso, D.M.; Lockwood, D.; Carroll, C.J.; Dreicer, M.; Wallace, R.; Fankhauser, J.

2009-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

6

Next Generations Safeguards Initiative: The Life of a Cylinder  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Nonproliferation and International Security's Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) has begun a program based on a five-year plan to investigate the concept of a global monitoring scheme that uniquely identifies uranium hexafluoride (UF6) cylinders and their locations throughout the life cycle. A key initial activity in the NGSI program is to understand and document the 'life of a UF6 cylinder' from cradle to grave. This document describes the life of a UF6 cylinder and includes cylinder manufacture and procurement processes as well as cylinder-handling and operational practices at conversion, enrichment, fuel fabrication, and depleted UF6 conversion facilities. The NGSI multiple-laboratory team is using this document as a building block for subsequent tasks in the five-year plan, including development of the functional requirements for cylinder-tagging and tracking devices.

Morgan, James B [ORNL; White-Horton, Jessica L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

FY 2008 Next Generation Safeguards Initiative International Safeguards Education and Training Pilot Progerams Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

Key component of the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) launched by the National Nuclear Security Administration is the development of human capital to meet present and future challenges to the safeguards regime. An effective university-level education in safeguards and related disciplines is an essential element in a layered strategy to rebuild the safeguards human resource capacity. Two pilot programs at university level, involving 44 students, were initiated and implemented in spring-summer 2008 and linked to hands-on internships at LANL or LLNL. During the internships, students worked on specific safeguards-related projects with a designated Laboratory Mentor to provide broader exposure to nuclear materials management and information analytical techniques. The Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management pilot program was a collaboration between the Texas A&M University (TAMU), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). It included a 16-lecture course held during a summer internship program. The instructors for the course were from LANL together with TAMU faculty and LLNL experts. The LANL-based course was shared with the students spending their internship at LLNL via video conference. A week-long table-top (or hands-on) exercise on was also conducted at LANL. The student population was a mix of 28 students from a 12 universities participating in a variety of summer internship programs held at LANL and LLNL. A large portion of the students were TAMU students participating in the NGSI pilot. The International Nuclear Safeguards Policy and Information Analysis pilot program was implemented at the Monterey Institute for International Studies (MIIS) in cooperation with LLNL. It included a two-week intensive course consisting of 20 lectures and two exercises. MIIS, LLNL, and speakers from other U.S. national laboratories (LANL, BNL) delivered lectures for the audience of 16 students. The majority of students were senior classmen or new master's degree graduates from MIIS specializing in nonproliferation policy studies. Other university/organizations represented: University of California in LA, Stanford University, and the IAEA. Four of the students that completed this intensive course participated in a 2-month internship at LLNL. The conclusions of the two pilot courses and internships was a NGSI Summer Student Symposium, held at LLNL, where 20 students participated in LLNL facility tours and poster sessions. The Poster sessions were designed to provide a forum for sharing the results of their summer projects and providing experience in presenting their work to a varied audience of students, faculty and laboratory staff. The success of bringing together the students from the technical and policy pilots was notable and will factor into the planning for the continued refinement of their two pilot efforts in the coming years.

Dreicer, M; Anzelon, G; Essner, J; Dougan, A; Doyle, J; Boyer, B; Hypes, P; Sokova, E; Wehling, F

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

8

Potential application of LIBS to NNSA next generation safeguards initiative (NGSI)  

SciTech Connect

In a climate in which states and nations have been and perhaps currently are involved in the prol iferation of nuclear materials and technologies, advanced methodologies and improvements in current measurement techniques are needed to combat new threats and increased levels of sophistication. The Department of Energy through the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has undertaken a broad review of International Safeguards. The conclusion from that review was that a comprehensive initiative to revitalize international safeguards technology and the human resource base was urgently needed to keep pace with demands and increasingly sophisticated emerging safeguards challenges. To address these challenges, NNSA launched the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) to develop policies, concepts, technologies, expertise, and infrastructure necessary to sustain the international safeguards system as its mission evolves for the next 25 years. NGSI is designed to revitalize and strengthen the U.S. safeguards technical base, recognizing that without a robust program the United States of America will not be in a position to exercise leadership or provide the necessary support to the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). International safeguards as administrated by the IAEA are the primary vehicle for verifying compliance with the peaceful use and nonproliferation of nuclear materials and technologies. Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy or LIBS has the potential to support the goals of NGSI as follows: by providing (1) automated analysis in complex nuclear processing or reprocessing facilities in real-time or near real-time without sample preparation or removal, (2) isotopic and important elemental ratio (Cm/Pu, Cm/U, ... etc) analysis, and (3) centralized remote control, process monitoring, and analysis of nuclear materials in nuclear facilities at multiple locations within the facility. Potential application of LIBS to international safeguards as outlined in the NGSI will be discussed.

Barefield Ii, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Clegg, Samuel M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Veirs, Douglas K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Browne, Mike [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lopez, Leon [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Ron [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Le, Loan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lamontagne, Stephen A [DOE/NNSA/NA241; Veal, Kevin [NN/ADTR

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Technical Cross-Cutting Issues for the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative's Spent Fuel Nondestructive Assay Project  

SciTech Connect

Ever since there has been spent fuel (SF), researchers have made nondestructive assay (NDA) measurements of that fuel to learn about its content. In general these measurements have focused on the simplest signatures (passive photon and total neutron emission) and the analysis has often focused on diversion detection and on determining properties such as burnup (BU) and cooling time (CT). Because of shortcomings in current analysis methods, inspectorates and policy makers are interested in improving the state-of-the-art in SF NDA. For this reason the U.S. Department of Energy, through the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), targeted the determination of elemental Pu mass in SF as a technical goal. As part of this research effort, 14 nondestructive assay techniques were studied . This wide range of techniques was selected to allow flexibility for the various needs of the safeguards inspectorates and to prepare for the likely integration of one or more techniques having complementary features. In the course of researching this broad range of NDA techniques, several cross-cutting issues were. This paper will describe some common issues and insights. In particular we will describe the following: (1) the role of neutron absorbers with emphasis on how these absorbers vary in SF as a function of initial enrichment, BU and CT; (2) the need to partition the measured signal among different isotopic sources; and (3) the importance of the “first generation” concept which indicates the spatial location from which the signal originates as well as the isotopic origins.

Tobin, S. J.; Menlove, H. O.; Swinhoe, Martyn T.; Blanc, P.; Burr, T.; Evans, L. G.; Favalli, A.; Fensin, M. L.; Freeman, C. R.; Galloway, J.; Gerhart, J.; Rajasingam, A.; Rauch, E.; Sandoval, N. P.; Trellue, H.; Ulrich, T. J.; Conlin, J. L.; Croft, S.; Hendricks, John; Henzl, V.; Henzlova, D.; Eigenbrodt, J. M.; Koehler, W. E.; Lee, D. W.; Lee, T. H.; Lafleur, A. M.; Schear, M. A.; Humphrey, M. A.; Smith, Leon E.; Anderson, Kevin K.; Campbell, Luke W.; Casella, Andrew M.; Gesh, Christopher J.; Shaver, Mark W.; Misner, Alex C.; Amber, S. D.; Ludewigt, Bernhard A.; Quiter, B.; Solodov, Alexander; Charlton, W.; Stafford, A.; Romano, C.; Cheatham, J.; Ehinger, Michael; Thompson, S. J.; Chichester, David; Sterbentz, James; Hu, Jianwei; Hunt, A.; Mozin, Vladimir V.; Richard, J. G.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

The Next Generation Safeguards Initiative s High-Purity Uranium-233 Preservation Effort  

SciTech Connect

High-purity 233U serves as a crucial reference material for accurately quantifying and characterizing uranium. The most accurate analytical results which can be obtained only with high-purity 233U certified reference material (CRM) are required when used to confirm compliance with international safeguards obligations and international nonproliferation agreements. The U.S. supply of 233U CRM is almost depleted, and existing domestic stocks of this synthetic isotope are scheduled to be down-blended for disposition with depleted uranium beginning in 2015. Down blending batches of high-purity 233U will permanently eliminate the value of this material as a CRM. Furthermore, no replacement 233U stocks are expected to be produced in the future due to a lack of operating production capability and the high cost of replacing such capability. Therefore, preserving select batches of high-purity 233U is of great value and will assist in retaining current analytical capabilities for uranium-bearing samples. Any organization placing a priority on accurate results of uranium analyses, or on the confirmation of trace uranium in environmental samples, has a vested interest in preserving this material. This paper describes the need for high-purity 233U, the consequences organizations and agencies face if this material is not preserved, and the progress and future plans for preserving select batches of the purest 233U materials from disposition. This work is supported by the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative, Office of Nonproliferation and International Security, National Nuclear Security Administration.

Krichinsky, Alan M [ORNL] [ORNL; Bostick, Debra A [ORNL] [ORNL; Giaquinto, Joseph [ORNL] [ORNL; Bayne, Charles [Hazelwood Services and Manufacturing] [Hazelwood Services and Manufacturing; Goldberg, Dr. Steven A. [DOE SC - Chicago Office] [DOE SC - Chicago Office; Humphrey, Dr. Marc [U.S. Department of Energy, NNSA] [U.S. Department of Energy, NNSA; Hutcheon, Dr. Ian D. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Sobolev, Taissa [U.S. Department of Energy, NNSA] [U.S. Department of Energy, NNSA

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative: Overview and Policy Context of UF6 Cylinder Tracking Program  

SciTech Connect

Thousands of cylinders containing uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) move around the world from conversion plants to enrichment plants to fuel fabrication plants, and their contents could be very useful to a country intent on diverting uranium for clandestine use. Each of these large cylinders can contain close to a significant quantity of natural uranium (48Y cylinder) or low-enriched uranium (LEU) (30B cylinder) defined as 75 kg {sup 235}U which can be further clandestinely enriched to produce 1.5 to 2 significant quantities of high enriched uranium (HEU) within weeks or months depending on the scale of the clandestine facility. The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) kicked off a 5-year plan in April 2011 to investigate the concept of a unique identification system for UF{sub 6} cylinders and potentially to develop a cylinder tracking system that could be used by facility operators and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The goal is to design an integrated solution beneficial to both industry and inspectorates that would improve cylinder operations at the facilities and provide enhanced capabilities to deter and detect both diversion of low-enriched uranium and undeclared enriched uranium production. The 5-year plan consists of six separate incremental tasks: (1) define the problem and establish the requirements for a unique identification (UID) and monitoring system; (2) develop a concept of operations for the identification and monitoring system; (3) determine cylinder monitoring devices and technology; (4) develop a registry database to support proof-of-concept demonstration; (5) integrate that system for the demonstration; and (6) demonstrate proof-of-concept. Throughout NNSA's performance of the tasks outlined in this program, the multi-laboratory team emphasizes that extensive engagement with industry stakeholders, regulatory authorities and inspectorates is essential to its success.

Boyer, Brian D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Whitaker, J. Michael [ORNL; White-Horton, Jessica L. [ORNL; Durbin, Karyn R. [NNSA

2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

12

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Next-Generation Safeguards Initiative: Human Capital Development  

SciTech Connect

In 2007, the US Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NA-24) completed a comprehensive review of the current and potential future challenges facing the international safeguards system. The review examined • trends and events that have an effect on the mission of international safeguards; • the implications of expanding and evolving mission requirements of the legal authorities and institutions that serve as the foundation of the international safeguards system; and • the technological, financial, and human resources required for effective safeguards implementation. The review’s findings and recommendations were summarized in the report International Safeguards: Challenges and Opportunities for the 21st Century (October 2007).1 The executive summary is available at the following link: http://nnsa.energy.gov/sites/default/files/nnsa/inlinefiles/NGSI_Report.pdf.

Gilligan, Kimberly [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative: Analysis of Probability of Detection of Plausible Diversion Scenarios at Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants Using Advanced Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Over the last decade, efforts by the safeguards community, including inspectorates, governments, operators and owners of centrifuge facilities, have given rise to new possibilities for safeguards approaches in enrichment plants. Many of these efforts have involved development of new instrumentation to measure uranium mass and uranium-235 enrichment and inspection schemes using unannounced and random site inspections. We have chosen select diversion scenarios and put together a reasonable system of safeguards equipment and safeguards approaches and analyzed the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed safeguards approach by predicting the probability of detection of diversion in the chosen safeguards approaches. We analyzed the effect of redundancy in instrumentation, cross verification of operator instrumentation by inspector instrumentation, and the effects of failures or anomalous readings on verification data. Armed with these esults we were able to quantify the technical cost benefit of the addition of certain instrument suites and show the promise of these new systems.

Hase, Kevin R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hawkins Erpenbeck, Heather [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Boyer, Brian D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

14

THE NEXT GENERATION SAFEGUARDS PROFESSIONAL NETWORK: PROGRESS AND NEXT STEPS  

SciTech Connect

President Obama has repeatedly stated that the United States must ensure that the international safeguards regime, as embodied by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), has 'the authority, information, people, and technology it needs to do its job.' The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) works to implement the President's vision through the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), a program to revitalize the U.S. DOE national laboratories safeguards technology and human capital base so that the United States can more effectively support the IAEA and ensure that it meets current and emerging challenges to the international safeguards system. In 2009, in response to the human capital development goals of NGSI, young safeguards professionals within the Global Nuclear Security Technology Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory launched the Next Generation Safeguards Professional Network (NGSPN). The purpose of this initiative is to establish working relationships and to foster collaboration and communication among the next generation of safeguards leaders. The NGSPN is an organization for, and of, young professionals pursuing careers in nuclear safeguards and nonproliferation - as well as mid-career professionals new to the field - whether working within the U.S. DOE national laboratory complex, U.S. government agencies, academia, or industry or at the IAEA. The NGSPN is actively supported by the NNSA, boasts more than 70 members, maintains a website and newsletter, and has held two national meetings as well as an NGSPN session and panel at the July 2010 Institute of Nuclear Material Management Annual Meeting. This paper discusses the network; its significance, goals and objectives; developments and progress to date; and future plans.

Zhernosek, Alena V [ORNL] [ORNL; Lynch, Patrick D [ORNL] [ORNL; Scholz, Melissa A [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Neutron Generators for Spent Fuel Assay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) of the U.S.by: Next Generation Safeguard Initiative U.S. Department ofby the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), Office

Ludewigt, Bernhard A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The multiplicity of threats and vulnerabilities associated with AmI will require a multiplicity of safeguards to respond to the risks and problems ... their applications. In some instances, a single safeguard mig...

Pasi Ahonen; Petteri Alahuhta…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Nuclear Safeguards and Security Challenge:  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Safeguards and Security Nuclear Safeguards and Security Challenge: The international safeguards and security system is being challenged by evolving proliferation and terrorism threats, expanding International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) responsibilities, a retiring safeguards workforce, and the need for better technologies to detect and deter proliferation, theft, and sabotage. Response: Revitalize, strengthen, and sustain U.S. and international safeguards and security capabilities through the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) and International Nuclear Security programs that: * Support the development of safeguards and security policies, concepts and approaches * Develop human capital through training and education * Develop and implement new safeguards systems,

18

safeguards  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

%2A en NGSI Safeguards by Design http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsdnnnissafeguardssbd

19

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Inaugural Conference |...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

with full knowledge that not all nations will play by the rules. And we know that the political will and the resiliency of the nonproliferation regime are what stand between...

20

Safeguards First Principles Initiative at the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

The Material Control and Accountability (MC&A) program at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) was selected as a test bed for the Safeguards First Principles Initiative (SFPI). The implementation of the SFPI is evaluated using the system effectiveness model and the program is managed under an approved MC&A Plan. The effectiveness model consists of an evaluation of the critical elements necessary to detect, deter, and/or prevent the theft or diversion of Special Nuclear Material (SNM). The modeled results indicate that the MC&A program established under this variance is still effective, without creating unacceptable risk. Extensive performance testing is conducted through the duration of the pilot to ensure the protection system is effective and no material is at an unacceptable risk. The pilot was conducted from January 1, 2007, through May 30, 2007. This paper will discuss the following activities in association with SFPI: 1. Development of Timeline 2. Crosswalk of DOE Order and SFPI 3. Peer Review 4. Deviation 5. MC&A Plan and Procedure changes 6. Changes implemented at NTS 7. Training 8. Performance Test

Geneva Johnson

2007-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Processing large sensor data sets for safeguards : the knowledge generation system.  

SciTech Connect

Modern nuclear facilities, such as reprocessing plants, present inspectors with significant challenges due in part to the sheer amount of equipment that must be safeguarded. The Sandia-developed and patented Knowledge Generation system was designed to automatically analyze large amounts of safeguards data to identify anomalous events of interest by comparing sensor readings with those expected from a process of interest and operator declarations. This paper describes a demonstration of the Knowledge Generation system using simulated accountability tank sensor data to represent part of a reprocessing plant. The demonstration indicated that Knowledge Generation has the potential to address several problems critical to the future of safeguards. It could be extended to facilitate remote inspections and trigger random inspections. Knowledge Generation could analyze data to establish trust hierarchies, to facilitate safeguards use of operator-owned sensors.

Thomas, Maikel A.; Smartt, Heidi Anne; Matthews, Robert F.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Building safeguards infrastructure  

SciTech Connect

Much has been written in recent years about the nuclear renaissance - the rebirth of nuclear power as a clean and safe source of electricity around the world. Those who question the nuclear renaissance often cite the risk of proliferation, accidents or an attack on a facility as concerns, all of which merit serious consideration. The integration of these three areas - sometimes referred to as 3S, for safety, security and safeguards - is essential to supporting the growth of nuclear power, and the infrastructure that supports them should be strengthened. The focus of this paper will be on the role safeguards plays in the 3S concept and how to support the development of the infrastructure necessary to support safeguards. The objective of this paper has been to provide a working definition of safeguards infrastructure, and to discuss xamples of how building safeguards infrastructure is presented in several models. The guidelines outlined in the milestones document provide a clear path for establishing both the safeguards and the related infrastructures needed to support the development of nuclear power. The model employed by the INSEP program of engaging with partner states on safeguards-related topics that are of current interest to the level of nuclear development in that state provides another way of approaching the concept of building safeguards infrastructure. The Next Generation Safeguards Initiative is yet another approach that underscored five principal areas for growth, and the United States commitment to working with partners to promote this growth both at home and abroad.

Stevens, Rebecca S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcclelland - Kerr, John [NNSA/NA-242

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Safeguards Licensing Aspects of a Future Generation IV Demonstration Facility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Generation IV (Gen IV) is a developing new generation of nuclear power reactors which is foreseen to bring about a safer and more sustainable… (more)

Åberg Lindell, Matilda

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Next Generation Safeguards Initiatives at Los Alamos National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

University studying Nuclear Engineering. While at LANL, she assists with projects in x-ray fluorescence to measure plutonium content in spent fuel. In the future, Julia plans on...

25

Passive and Active Fast-Neutron Imaging in Support of Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative Safeguards Campaign  

SciTech Connect

Results from safeguards-related passive and active coded-aperture fast-neutron imaging measurements of plutonium and highly enriched uranium (HEU) material configurations performed at Idaho National Laboratory s Zero Power Physics Reactor facility are presented. The imaging measurements indicate that it is feasible to use fast neutron imaging in a variety of safeguards-related tasks, such as monitoring storage, evaluating holdup deposits in situ, or identifying individual leached hulls still containing fuel. The present work also presents the first demonstration of imaging of differential die away fast neutrons.

Blackston, Matthew A [ORNL; Hausladen, Paul [ORNL

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Safeguards Culture  

SciTech Connect

The concepts of nuclear safety and security culture are well established; however, a common understanding of safeguards culture is not internationally recognized. Supported by the National Nuclear Security Administration, the authors prepared this report, an analysis of the concept of safeguards culture, and gauged its value to the safeguards community. The authors explored distinctions between safeguards culture, safeguards compliance, and safeguards performance, and evaluated synergies and differences between safeguards culture and safety/security culture. The report concludes with suggested next steps.

Frazar, Sarah L.; Mladineo, Stephen V.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Safeguards-By-Design: Guidance and Tools for Stakeholders  

SciTech Connect

Effective implementation of the Safeguards-by-Design (SBD) approach can help meet the challenges of global nuclear energy growth, by designing facilities that have improved safeguardability and reduced safeguards-related life cycle costs. The ultimate goal of SBD is to implement effective and efficient safeguards that reduce the burden to both the facility operator and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Since 2008, the National Nuclear Security Administration's Next Generation Safeguards Initiative's Safeguards By Design Project has initiated multiple studies and workshops with industry and regulatory stakeholders, including the IAEA, to develop relevant documents to support the implementation of SBD. These 'Good Practices Guides' describe facility and process design features that will facilitate implementation of effective nuclear material safeguards starting in the earliest phases of design through to final design. These guides, which are in their final editorial stages, start at a high level and then narrow down to specific nuclear fuel cycle facilities such as Light Water Reactors, Generation III/IV Reactors, High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors, and Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants. Most recently, NGSI has begun development of a facility safeguardability assessment toolkit to assist the designer. This paper will review the current status of these efforts, provide some examples of these documents, and show some standard IAEA Unattended Instrumentation that is permanently installed in nuclear facilities for monitoring.

Mark Schanfein; Shirley Johnson

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Safeguards Professional Development Opportunities  

SciTech Connect

Across the international field of safeguards there has been a rising awareness of the need for development of the next generation of safeguards professionals. The 2010 International Atomic Energy Agency Safeguards Symposium includes a suggested topic of 'developing safeguards professionals.' This can first be addressed by making university students and young professionals aware of safeguards and the unique career opportunities it encompasses. Then, once someone decides to go into safeguards he/she needs to be offered professional development opportunities in order to become a more effective member of the international safeguards community. This paper begins to do that by reviewing opportunities currently available. There are not many opportunities that are well advertised and this paper will serve to raise awareness of what does already exist and therefore benefit the international safeguards community. The current opportunities that will be discussed include training programs, graduate degrees, organizational outreach, professional networks, and intensive topic specific programs. The paper will also identify current needs and holes in the current offerings of professional development opportunities and suggest ways they can be filled. In the conclusion the paper addresses what types of programs are still needed.

Gilligan, Kimberly V [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Training in Environmental Analyses for Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Responding to recommendations of the DOE/NNSA's Next Generation Safeguards Initiative, a new course, Training in Environmental Sample Analysis for IAEA Safeguards, is being offered as a summer internship opportunity at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The first students completed the 8 week program during the summer of 2008. Interns are given training in the analysis of bulk environmental samples for safeguards through hands-on experience working in a clean laboratory, purifying U and Pu from bulk environmental samples, and measuring U and Pu isotope ratios by multi-collector ICP mass spectrometry. A series of lectures by invited safeguards and non-proliferation experts gives the students a broad picture of the safeguards work of the IAEA. At the end of the course, the students prepare a poster of their work to showcase at LLNL's summer student poster symposium. Both undergraduate and graduate students are recruited and hired as paid interns under the aegis of the Glenn T. Seaborg Institute in the Physical and Life Sciences Directorate at LLNL. This training course seeks to introduce students to analytical and interpretive skill-sets that are not generally taught at universities, and to encourage them to pursue careers with the IAEA.

Williams, R W; Gaffney, A M; Hutcheon, N A; Kersting, A B

2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

30

SunShot Initiative: Baseload Concentrating Solar Power Generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Concentrating Solar Concentrating Solar Power Generation to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Baseload Concentrating Solar Power Generation on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Baseload Concentrating Solar Power Generation on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Baseload Concentrating Solar Power Generation on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Baseload Concentrating Solar Power Generation on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Baseload Concentrating Solar Power Generation on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Baseload Concentrating Solar Power Generation on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Components Competitive Awards CSP Research & Development Thermal Storage CSP Recovery Act Baseload CSP SunShot Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative

31

Procedural Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Procedural Safeguards are protections afforded by the Individuals with...2004...(IDEIA) to each student with a disability and to his or her parents to ensure that the student receives a free and appropriate publi...

Debra Dunn Esq.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

The Agreement on Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The term “safeguard” or “safeguard measure” refers to trade measures that are ... of the GATT and the WTO Agreement on Safeguards (hereinafter referred to as “the Safeguards Agreement” or “SA”) authorizes Members...

Yong-Shik Lee Ph.D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Safeguards and security by design (SSBD) for the domestic threat - theft and sabotage  

SciTech Connect

Safeguards by Design (SBD) is receiving significant interest with respect to international safeguards objectives. However, less attention has been focused on the equally important topic of domestic Safeguards and Security by Design (SSBD), which addresses requirements such as those of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in the United States. While international safeguards are concerned with detecting State diversion of nuclear material from peaceful to nuclear explosives purposes, domestic Material Protection, Control and Accounting measures (MPC&A) are focused on non-State theft and sabotage. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has described the Safeguards by Design (SBD) concept as an approach in which 'international safeguards are fully integrated into the design process of a new nuclear facility from the initial planning through design, construction, operation, and decommissioning.' This same concept is equally applicable to SSBD for domestic requirements. The United States Department of Energy (DOE) has initiated a project through its Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) and more specifically its Fuel Cycle Research and Development (FCRD) program, to develop a domestic SSBD discipline and methodology in parallel with similar efforts sponsored by the DOE Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) and the IAEA for international safeguards. This activity includes the participation of industry (through DOE-sponsored contracts) and DOE National Laboratories. This paper will identify the key domestic safeguards and security requirements (i.e. MC&A and physical protection) and explain how and why Safeguards and Security by Design (SSBD) is important and beneficial for the design of future US nuclear energy systems.

Demuth, Scott F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mullen, Mark [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

34

Safeguards and Investigations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We characterize the optimal safeguard policy for a small country under two types of safeguard mechanisms: one in which tariff changes are ... private information regarding income of producers. The safeguards we c...

Mostafa Beshkar; Eric W. Bond

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Future challenges and DOE/NNSA-JAEA cooperation for the development of advanced safeguards  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) has been cooperating with Japan on nuclear safeguards for over thirty years. DOE/NNSA has collaborated with the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and its predecessors in addressing the need for innovative solutions to nuclear transparency and verification issues in one of the world's most advanced nuclear fuel cycle states. This collaboration includes over ninety activities that have involved nearly every facility in the JAEA complex and many national laboratories in the U.S. complex. The partnership has yielded new technologies and approaches that have benefited international safeguards not only in Japan, but around the world. The International Atomic Energy Agency uses a number of safeguards solutions developed under this collaboration to improve its inspection efforts in Japan and elsewhere. Japanese facilities serve as test beds for emerging safeguards technologies and are setting the trend for new nuclear energy and fuel cycle development worldwide. The collaboration continues to be an essential component of U.S. safeguards outreach and is integral to the DOE/NNSA's Next Generation Safeguards Initiative. In addition to fostering international safeguards development, the cooperation is an opportunity for U.S. scientists to work in facilities that have no analog in the United States, thus providing crucial real-life experience for and aiding development of the next generation of U.S. safeguards specialists. It is also an important element of promoting regional transparency thereby building confidence in the peaceful nature of nuclear programs in the region. The successes engendered by this partnership provide a strong basis for addressing future safeguards challenges, in Japan and elsewhere. This paper summarizes these challenges and the associated cooperative efforts that are either underway or anticipated.

Stevens, Rebecca S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Clelland - Kerr, John [NNSA-NA-242; Senzaki, Masao [JAEA; Hori, Masato [JAEA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The U.S./IAEA Workshop on Software Sustainability for Safeguards Instrumentation  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration’s Next Generation Safeguards Initiative, the U.S. Department of State, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) organized a a workshop on the subject of ”Software Sustainability for Safeguards Instrumentation.” The workshop was held at the Vienna International Centre in Vienna, Austria, May 6-8, 2014. The workshop participants included software and hardware experts from national laboratories, industry, government, and IAEA member states who were specially selected by the workshop organizers based on their experience with software that is developed for the control and operation of safeguards instrumentation. The workshop included presentations, to orient the participants to the IAEA Department of Safeguards software activities related to instrumentation data collection and processing, and case studies that were designed to inspire discussion of software development, use, maintenance, and upgrades in breakout sessions and to result in recommendations for effective software practices and management. This report summarizes the results of the workshop.

Pepper S. E.; .; Worrall, L.; Pickett, C.; Bachner, K.; Queirolo, A.

2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

37

Fish welfare assurance system: initial steps to set up an effective tool to safeguard and monitor farmed fish welfare at a company level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective was to take a first step in the development of a process-oriented quality assurance (QA) system for monitoring and safeguarding of fish welfare at a company level. ... , which was adapted for the pu...

J. W. van de Vis; M. Poelman; E. Lambooij; M.-L. Bégout…

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

IDEAReauthorized Statute PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IDEA­Reauthorized Statute PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS: SURROGATES, NOTICE AND CONSENT (See also Changes addresses only the changes to IDEA provisions regarding procedural safeguards related to notice to parents the provision of procedural safeguards notices to parents. A copy of the procedural safeguards available

39

Safeguards Culture: Lessons Learned  

SciTech Connect

Today, safeguards culture can be a useful tool for measuring nonproliferation postures, but so far its impact on the international safeguards regime has been underappreciated. There is no agreed upon definition for safeguards culture nor agreement on how it should be measured. This paper argues that safeguards culture as an indicator of a country’s nonproliferation posture can be a useful tool.

Frazar, Sarah L.; Mladineo, Stephen V.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

International Safeguards Technology and Policy Education and Training Pilot Programs  

SciTech Connect

A major focus of the National Nuclear Security Administration-led Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) is the development of human capital to meet present and future challenges to the safeguards regime. An effective university-level education in safeguards and related disciplines is an essential element in a layered strategy to rebuild the safeguards human resource capacity. NNSA launched two pilot programs in 2008 to develop university level courses and internships in association with James, Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) at the Monterey Institute of International Studies (MIIS) and Texas A&M University (TAMU). These pilot efforts involved 44 students in total and were closely linked to hands-on internships at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management pilot program was a collaboration between TAMU, LANL, and LLNL. The LANL-based coursework was shared with the students undertaking internships at LLNL via video teleconferencing. A weeklong hands-on exercise was also conducted at LANL. A second pilot effort, the International Nuclear Safeguards Policy and Information Analysis pilot program was implemented at MIIS in cooperation with LLNL. Speakers from MIIS, LLNL, and other U.S. national laboratories (LANL, BNL) delivered lectures for the audience of 16 students. The majority of students were senior classmen or new master's degree graduates from MIIS specializing in nonproliferation policy studies. The two pilots programs concluded with an NGSI Summer Student Symposium, held at LLNL, where 20 students participated in LLNL facility tours and poster sessions. The value of bringing together the students from the technical and policy pilots was notable and will factor into the planning for the continued refinement of the two programs in the coming years.

Dreicer, M; Anzelon, G A; Essner, J T; Dougan, A D; Doyle, J; Boyer, B; Hypes, P; Sokava, E; Wehling, F; Martin, J; Charlton, W

2009-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Policy 1. WHAT IS SAFEGUARDING?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Policy 1. WHAT IS SAFEGUARDING? 1.1Safeguarding is defined by the Children Act 1989 and Joint Chief Inspectors Report on Arrangements to Safeguard Children (2002) as meaning with other local agencies'. 2. WHO ARE WE SAFEGUARDING? 2.1 Safeguarding practices are most commonly applied

Aickelin, Uwe

42

REPORT OF THE WORKSHOP ON NUCLEAR FACILITY DESIGN INFORMATION EXAMINATION AND VERIFICATION FOR SAFEGUARDS  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) implements nuclear safeguards and verifies countries are compliant with their international nuclear safeguards agreements. One of the key provisions in the safeguards agreement is the requirement that the country provide nuclear facility design and operating information to the IAEA relevant to safeguarding the facility, and at a very early stage. , This provides the opportunity for the IAEA to verify the safeguards-relevant features of the facility and to periodically ensure that those features have not changed. The national authorities (State System of Accounting for and Control of Nuclear Material - SSAC) provide the design information for all facilities within a country to the IAEA. The design information is conveyed using the IAEA’s Design Information Questionnaire (DIQ) and specifies: (1) Identification of the facility’s general character, purpose, capacity, and location; (2) Description of the facility’s layout and nuclear material form, location, and flow; (3) Description of the features relating to nuclear material accounting, containment, and surveillance; and (4) Description of existing and proposed procedures for nuclear material accounting and control, with identification of nuclear material balance areas. The DIQ is updated as required by written addendum. IAEA safeguards inspectors examine and verify this information in design information examination (DIE) and design information verification (DIV) activities to confirm that the facility has been constructed or is being operated as declared by the facility operator and national authorities, and to develop a suitable safeguards approach. Under the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), the National Nuclear Security Administrations (NNSA) Office of Non-Proliferation and International Security identified the need for more effective and efficient verification of design information by the IAEA for improving international safeguards in the future. Consequently, the NNSA Office of International Regimes and Agreements (NA-243) sponsored a team of U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory nuclear safeguards experts and technologists to conduct a workshop on methods and technologies for improving this activity, under the ASA-100 Advanced Safeguards Approaches Project. The workshop focused on reviewing and discussing the fundamental safeguards needs, and presented technology and/or methods that could potentially address those needs more effectively and efficiently. Conclusions and Recommendations for technology to enhance the performance of DIV inspections are presented by the workshop team.

Richard Metcalf; Robert Bean

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Safeguards Laboratory (SL) | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safeguards Laboratory Safeguards Laboratory May 30, 2013 The Safeguards Laboratory is a Department of Energy user facility equipped with a comprehensive set of field-deployable instrumentation for safeguards system development and personnel training. Mock-ups using industrial equipment and reference nuclear materials simulate real-world conditions for training, testing, and evaluations. The lab's openness and availability to the private sector enable development of new technologies that combat the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Applications Training and International Outreach Nondestructive Analysis Measurements Instrument Evaluations Integrated Safeguards Methodologies Measurement Technique Development Specifications Gamma and X-ray detection systems Handheld survey instruments

44

Safeguards and Security Systems | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safeguards and Security Systems SHARE Safeguards and Security Systems Safeguards training class. ORNL is a leader in providing technologies and services for the global safeguards...

45

Safeguards-by-Design: Guidance for High Temperature Gas Reactors (HTGRs) With Pebble Fuel  

SciTech Connect

The following is a guidance document from a series prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), under the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), to assist facility designers and operators in implementing international Safeguards-by-Design (SBD). SBD has two main objectives: (1) to avoid costly and time consuming redesign work or retrofits of new nuclear fuel cycle facilities and (2) to make the implementation of international safeguards more effective and efficient at such facilities. In the long term, the attainment of these goals would save industry and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) time, money, and resources and be mutually beneficial. This particular safeguards guidance document focuses on pebble fuel high temperature gas reactors (HTGR). The purpose of the IAEA safeguards system is to provide credible assurance to the international community that nuclear material and other specified items are not diverted from peaceful nuclear uses. The safeguards system consists of the IAEA’s statutory authority to establish safeguards; safeguards rights and obligations in safeguards agreements and additional protocols; and technical measures implemented pursuant to those agreements. Of foremost importance is the international safeguards agreement between the country and the IAEA, concluded pursuant to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). According to a 1992 IAEA Board of Governors decision, countries must: notify the IAEA of a decision to construct a new nuclear facility as soon as such decision is taken; provide design information on such facilities as the designs develop; and provide detailed design information based on construction plans at least 180 days prior to the start of construction, and on "as-built" designs at least 180 days before the first receipt of nuclear material. Ultimately, the design information will be captured in an IAEA Design Information Questionnaire (DIQ), prepared by the facility operator, typically with the support of the facility designer. The IAEA will verify design information over the life of the project. This design information is an important IAEA safeguards tool. Since the main interlocutor with the IAEA in each country is the State Regulatory Authority/SSAC (or Regional Regulatory Authority, e.g. EURATOM), the responsibility for conveying this design information to the IAEA falls to the State Regulatory Authority/SSAC.

Philip Casey Durst; Mark Schanfein

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Safeguards Implementation: Establishment of Indonesian Safeguards Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Under the International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program (INSEP), U.S. National Laboratories support the Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to ''collaborate with international partners to strengthen international safeguards at all stages of nuclear development.'' This engagement in safeguards implementation cooperation is the basis for the security and safeguards arrangement with the Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency of the Republic of Indonesia (BAPETEN) and includes strengthening of the State System of Accounting for and Control of Nuclear Material (SSAC). There are many components in a robust SSAC. While INSEP carries on its program in a holistic approach, it is more effective and efficient to address individual components, rather than the entire system at one time, with the objective of strengthening the system as a whole. Nuclear material accountancy is one of these components. Nuclear material accountancy necessitates that a State periodically take an inventory of its material and record changes. To better perform these activities, BAPETEN requested assistance with establishing a safeguards laboratory where its staff could perform independent material characterization, maintain nondestructive assay equipment, and facilitate hands-on training of BAPETEN safeguards inspectors. In compliance with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) guidelines and safety series documents, INSEP and BAPETEN opened the BAPETEN Safeguards Laboratory in February 2010 to provide these competencies. BAPETEN showcased these new capabilities in July 2010 at the IAEA-sponsored Regional Workshop on Nuclear Material Accounting and Control at Facilities where hands-on activities were held at BAPETEN's Headquarters in Jakarta using the equipment supplied by INSEP. Discussions have begun on the establishment of a security and safeguards laboratory at the BAPETEN Training Center located in Cisarua. This paper describes the many steps involved with the Safeguards Laboratory Implementation Plan from its drafting in August 2007 to the completion of the laboratory in February 2010.

Shipwash, Jacqueline L [ORNL] [ORNL; Geist, William H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Smith, Steven E [ORNL] [ORNL; Solodov, Alexander A [ORNL] [ORNL; Suharyanta, Suharyanta [ORNL] [ORNL; Sunaryadi, Dedi [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Safeguarding and internationalising nuclear power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The climatological effects of burning fossil fuels make it necessary to develop and increase the use of non-CO2-emitting energy sources. One possibility that has been suggested is to expand the use of nuclear power. In addition to safer reactors and satisfactory waste disposal, public acceptance depends on whether or not the nuclear industry can offer a truly peaceful atom. Nuclear power must be effectively safeguarded from the diversion of nuclear materials for potential non-peaceful uses. The necessity of safeguarding nuclear power was recognised early. The initial proposal that was made in the Baruch Plan in 1946 included international control or ownership of potentially dangerous nuclear activities and technology. Events leading to the rejection of this plan and the development of the present safeguards system are reviewed here. Recent proposals for extended international control and the prospects for internationalisation are discussed. Although internationalising significant parts of the nuclear enterprise would facilitate a considerably more diversion-resistant safeguards regime, the idea is little discussed by governments and nuclear power institutions. Large political efforts and institutional changes are required if nuclear power is to offer the peaceful atom it once promised.

Lars J. Nilsson; Dean Abrahamson

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Solar Collectors for CSP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Next-Generation Solar Collectors Next-Generation Solar Collectors for CSP to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Solar Collectors for CSP on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Solar Collectors for CSP on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Solar Collectors for CSP on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Solar Collectors for CSP on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Solar Collectors for CSP on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Solar Collectors for CSP on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Components Competitive Awards CSP Research & Development Thermal Storage CSP Recovery Act Baseload CSP SunShot Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative CSP Heat Integration for Baseload Renewable Energy Deployment

49

SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Next-Generation Low-Cost Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Components Competitive Awards CSP Research & Development Thermal Storage CSP Recovery Act Baseload CSP SunShot Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative CSP Heat Integration for Baseload Renewable Energy Deployment

50

Safeguards over sensitive technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safeguards Over Sensitive Technology Safeguards Over Sensitive Technology DOE/IG-0635 January 2004 Program Results and Cost Details of Finding ....................................................................... 1 Recommendations and Comments ........................................... 6 Appendices Prior Reports .............................................................................. 9 Objective, Scope, and Methodology ........................................ 11 Management Comments .......................................................... 12 SAFEGUARDS OVER SENSITIVE TECHNOLOGY TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1 Background Aspects of sensitive technology protection, along with related impacts on national security, have been addressed in various formats by the Department of Energy and several other Federal agencies. For example:

51

Advance Care Planning Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regardless of which goals of advance care planning are featured, safeguards, as reviewed in my article and by...5 we inadvertently may be doing harm.

J. Andrew Billings MD

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Physical and Environmental Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Your job will not be to adhere to rigid standards, but to interpret the requirements to safeguard patient data in each unique situation. Use...

Bernard Peter Robichau

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

safeguards and security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0%2A en NGSI Safeguards by Design http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsdnnnissafeguardssbd

54

SunShot Initiative: Baseload CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CSP Generation CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based Thermochemical Heat Storage to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Baseload CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based Thermochemical Heat Storage on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Baseload CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based Thermochemical Heat Storage on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Baseload CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based Thermochemical Heat Storage on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Baseload CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based Thermochemical Heat Storage on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Baseload CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based Thermochemical Heat Storage on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Baseload CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based Thermochemical Heat Storage on

55

SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Thermionic Solar Energy Conversion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Next-Generation Thermionic Solar Next-Generation Thermionic Solar Energy Conversion to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Thermionic Solar Energy Conversion on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Thermionic Solar Energy Conversion on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Thermionic Solar Energy Conversion on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Thermionic Solar Energy Conversion on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Thermionic Solar Energy Conversion on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Next-Generation Thermionic Solar Energy Conversion on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Components Competitive Awards CSP Research & Development Thermal Storage CSP Recovery Act Baseload

56

Nuclear Safeguards Verification Measurement Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter deals with the “nuclear safeguards” verification system and describes procedures and measurement methods that allow the safeguards inspectorates/authorities...

M. Zendel; D. L. Donohue; E. Kuhn; S. Deron; T. Bíró

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study: Initial Results (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

This poster presents an overview of the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study, which aims to answer critical questions about the future of the Eastern Interconnection under high levels of solar and wind generation penetration.

Bloom, A.; Townsend, A.; Hummon, M.; Weekley, A.; Clark, K.; King, J.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Safeguards and Dangerguards: A Framework for Unpacking the Black Box of Safeguards for REDD +  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The idea and practice of safeguards – usually expressed as sets of environmental and social principles – have become integral components of the ongoing global policy efforts aimed at mitigating climate change through the mechanism of Reducing Emissions on Deforestation and Degradation (REDD +). Donors, civil societies, business organisations and other different bodies are investing resources on initiatives aimed to propagate different guidelines and principles expected to be adopted, supported and promoted by national governments as safeguards. Yet, there is little research critically examining the different ideas, objectives and understandings embedded in the term and their implications for the purpose for which safeguards are designed for. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the discourse on safeguards by presenting REDD + Safeguard Spectrum, a framework which can be used to unpack the many faces of REDD + safeguards to guide their application and operationalization at national and local levels. Focusing largely on the social goals espoused under REDD +, the paper characterises social safeguards of REDD + into four categories—preventive, mitigative promotive and transformative.

Albert Abraham Arhin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

SunShot Initiative: Baseload Concentrating Solar Power Generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Concentrating Solar Power Generation Concentrating Solar Power Generation In 2010, DOE issued the Baseload Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Generation funding opportunity announcement (FOA). The following projects were selected under this competitive solicitation: Abengoa: Advanced Nitrate Salt Central Receiver Power Plant eSolar: Modular and Scalable Baseload Molten Salt Plant Conceptual Design and Feasibility General Atomics: Baseload CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based Thermochemical Heat Storage HiTek: Low-Cost Heliostat Development Infinia: Innovative Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage Solution for Baseload Power PPG: Next-Generation Low-Cost Reflector Rocketdyne: Solar Power Tower Improvements with the Potential to Reduce Costs SENER: High-Efficiency Thermal Storage System for Solar Plants

60

Development of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy instrumentatin for safeguards applications  

SciTech Connect

In September 2006, a Technical Meeting on Application of Laser Spectrometry Techniques in IAEA Safeguards was held at IAEA headquarters (HQ). One of the principal recommendations from this meeting was the need to 'pursue the development of novel complementary access instrumentation based on laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for the detection of gaseous and solid signatures and indicators of nuclear fuel cycle processes and associated materials.' Pursuant to this recommendation the Department of Safeguards (SG) under the Division of Technical Support (SGTS) convened the Experts and Users Advisory Meeting on Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) for Safeguards Applications. This meeting was held at IAEA HQ from July 7-11,2008 and hosted by the Novel Technologies Unit (NTU). The meeting was attended by 12 LIBS experts from the Czech Republic, the European Commission, France, the Republic of Korea, the United States of America, Germany, the United Kingdom of Great Britain, Canada, and Northern Ireland. After a presentation of the needs of the IAEA inspectors, the LIBS experts were in agreement that needs as presented could be partially or fully fulfilled using LIBS instrumentation. The needs of the IAEA inspectors were grouped in the following broad categories: (1) Improvements to in-field measurements/environmental sampling; (2) Monitoring status of activity in a Hot Cell; (3) Verifying status of activity at a declared facility via process monitoring; and (4) Need for pre-screening of environmental samples before analysis. Under the Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) Los Alamos National Laboratory is exploring three potential applications of LIBS for international safeguards. As part of this work, we are developing: (1) a user-friendly man-portable LIBS system to characterize samples across a wide range of elements in the periodic table from hydrogen up to heavy elements like plutonium and uranium; (2) a LIBS system that can be deployed in harsh environments such as gloveboxes and hot cells providing relative compositional analysis of process streams for example ratios like Cm/Pu and Cm/U; and (3) an inspector field deployable system that can be used to analyze the elemental composition of microscopic quantities of samples containing plutonium and uranium. In this paper we will describe our current development and performance testing results both in a fixed lab and measurements in field deployable configurations using LIBS instrumentation developed for applications to international safeguards.

Barefield Il, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Clegg, Samuel M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Le, Loan A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lopez, Leon N [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Harmonization of initial estimates of shale gas life cycle greenhouse gas emissions for electric power generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...initial estimates of shale gas life cycle greenhouse gas emissions for electric power generation 10.1073/pnas.1309334111...of unconventional natural gas, particularly shale gas...best-performing coal-fired generation under certain...

Garvin A. Heath; Patrick O’Donoughue; Douglas J. Arent; Morgan Bazilian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Integrated safeguards and security management plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL/PUB-3151 INTEGRATED SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY MANAGEMENT76SF00098 iv • Integrated Safeguards and Security Managementprovided. Appendix A. Safeguards and Security Plan http://

Bowen editor, Sue

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Safeguards and Security Program - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

70.1A, Safeguards and Security Program by jcowden Functional areas: Safeguards, Security, and Emergency Management, Safety and Security The Safeguards and Security Program ensures...

64

Safeguards and Security Program  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The order establishes responsibilities and program planning and management requirements for the Safeguards and Security Program. Admin Chg 1, dated 2-15-13, cancels DOE O 470.4B.

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

65

Safeguards and Security Program  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The Order establishes roles and responsibilities for the Department of Energy Safeguards and Security Program. Cancels DOE O 470.4. Canceled by DOE O 470.4B

2007-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

66

Safeguards and Security Program  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish the policy and responsibilities for the Department of Energy safeguards and security program. Does not cancel another directive. Canceled by DOE O 5630.11A dated 12-7-92.

1988-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

67

Nuclear power and safeguards at a crossroad  

SciTech Connect

After several decades of existence, both nuclear power for electricity generation and safeguards for assuring non-proliferation undergo a phase of transition, each on its own and to a lesser extent with each other. In many part of the world, nuclear power stagnates and its future seems to be put in question, while in areas with high population densities and strong economic development its use is being expanded. As to safeguards, the discovery of the clandestine weapon programme in Iraq raises questions about its ultimate effectiveness and sets the stage for an in-depth reassessment of the assumptions and methodologies used in the verification system.

Pellaud, B.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

The future of IAEA safeguards: challenges and responses  

SciTech Connect

For nearly two decades, the International Atomic Energy Agency (lAEA) has been transforming its safeguards system to address the challenges posed by undeclared nuclear programs, the associated revelation of an extensive non-State nuclear procurement network and other issues, including past limits to its verification mandate and the burden of noncompliance issues. Implementing the new measures, including those in the Additional Protocol, and integrating new and old safeguards measures, remains a work in progress. Implementation is complicated by factors including the limited teclmological tools that are available to address such issues as safeguarding bulk handling facilities, detection of undeclared facilities/activities, especially related to enrichment, etc. As this process continues, new challenges are arising, including the demands of expanding nuclear power production worldwide, so-called safeguards by design for a new generation of facilities, the possible IAEA role in a fissile material cutoff treaty and other elements of the arms control and disarmament agenda, the possible role in 'rollback' cases, etc. There is no doubt safeguards will need to evolve in the future, as they have over the last decades. In order for the evolutionary path to proceed, there will inter alia be a need to identify technological gaps, especially with respect to undeclared facilities, and ensure they are filled by adapting old safeguards technologies, by developing and introducing new and novel safeguards teclmologies and/or by developing new procedures and protocols. Safeguards will also need to respond to anticipated emerging threats and to future, unanticipated threats. This will require strategic planning and cooperation among Member States and with the Agency. This paper will address challenges to IAEA safeguards and the technological possibilities and R&D strategies needed to meet those challenges in the context of the forty-year evolution of safeguards, including the ongoing transformation of safeguards by the Agency.

Pilat, Joseph F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Budlong - Sylvester, Kory W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Project aims to safeguard languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

safeguard languages_files/SearchboxText.js"> s donday... 27 September 2010 safeguard languages_files/dref=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.cambridge-news.co.uk%2FCambridge%2...

Anon.

2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

70

Safeguard Security and Awareness Program  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Provides detailed requirements and procedures to supplement DOE O 470.1, Safeguards and Security Program, Chapter IV.

2002-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

71

Safeguards and Security Program References  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The manual establishes definitions for terms related to the Department of Energy Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program and includes lists of references and acronyms/abbreviations applicable to S&S Program directives. Cancels the Safeguards and Security Glossary of Terms, dated 12-18-95. Current Safeguards and Security Program References can also be found at Safeguards and Security Policy Information Resource (http://pir.pnl.gov/)

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

72

Safeguards-by-Design:Guidance for High Temperature Gas Reactors (HTGRs) With Prismatic Fuel  

SciTech Connect

Introduction and Purpose The following is a guidance document from a series prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), under the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), to assist facility designers and operators in implementing international Safeguards-by-Design (SBD). SBD has two main objectives: (1) to avoid costly and time consuming redesign work or retrofits of new nuclear fuel cycle facilities and (2) to make the implementation of international safeguards more effective and efficient at such facilities. In the long term, the attainment of these goals would save industry and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) time, money, and resources and be mutually beneficial. This particular safeguards guidance document focuses on prismatic fuel high temperature gas reactors (HTGR). The purpose of the IAEA safeguards system is to provide credible assurance to the international community that nuclear material and other specified items are not diverted from peaceful nuclear uses. The safeguards system consists of the IAEA’s statutory authority to establish safeguards; safeguards rights and obligations in safeguards agreements and additional protocols; and technical measures implemented pursuant to those agreements. Of foremost importance is the international safeguards agreement between the country and the IAEA, concluded pursuant to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). According to a 1992 IAEA Board of Governors decision, countries must: notify the IAEA of a decision to construct a new nuclear facility as soon as such decision is taken; provide design information on such facilities as the designs develop; and provide detailed design information based on construction plans at least 180 days prior to the start of construction, and on "as-built" designs at least 180 days before the first receipt of nuclear material. Ultimately, the design information will be captured in an IAEA Design Information Questionnaire (DIQ), prepared by the facility operator, typically with the support of the facility designer. The IAEA will verify design information over the life of the project. This design information is an important IAEA safeguards tool. Since the main interlocutor with the IAEA in each country is the State Regulatory Authority/SSAC (or Regional Regulatory Authority, e.g. EURATOM), the responsibility for conveying this design information to the IAEA falls to the State Regulatory Authority/SSAC. For the nuclear industry to reap the benefits of SBD (i.e. avoid cost overruns and construction schedule slippages), nuclear facility designers and operators should work closely with the State Regulatory Authority and IAEA as soon as a decision is taken to build a new nuclear facility. Ideally, this interaction should begin during the conceptual design phase and continue throughout construction and start-up of a nuclear facility. Such early coordination and planning could influence decisions on the design of the nuclear material processing flow-sheet, material storage and handling arrangements, and facility layout (including safeguards equipment), etc.

Mark Schanfein; Casey Durst

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

A framework for nuclear facility safeguard evaluation using probabilistic methods and expert elicitation .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the advancement of the next generation of nuclear fuel cycle facilities, concerns of the effectiveness of nuclear facility safeguards have been increasing due to… (more)

Iamsumang, Chonlagarn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Safeguards management inspection procedures  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this inspection module is to independently assess the contributions of licensee management to overall safeguards systems performance. The inspector accomplishes this objective by comparing the licensee's safeguards management to both the 10 CFR, parts 70 and 73, requirements and to generally accepted management practices. The vehicle by which this comparison is to be made consists of assessment questions and key issues which point the inspector to areas of primary concern to the NRC and which raise additional issues for the purpose of exposing management ineffectiveness. Further insight into management effectiveness is obtained through those assessment questions specifically directed toward the licensee's safeguards system performance. If the quality of the safeguards is poor, then the inspector should strongly suspect that management's role is ineffective and should attempt to determine management's influence (or lack thereof) on the underlying safeguards deficiencies. (The converse is not necessarily true, however.) The assessment questions in essence provide an opportunity for the inspector to identify, to single out, and to probe further, questionable management practices. Specific issues, circumstances, and concerns which point to questionable or inappropriate practices should be explicitly identified and referenced against the CFR and the assessment questions. The inspection report should also explain why the inspector feels certain management practices are poor, counter to the CFR, and/or point to ineffecive management. Concurrent with documenting the inspection results, the inspector should provide recommendations for alleviating observed management practices that are detrimental to effective safeguards. The recommendations could include: specific changes in the practices of the licensee, followup procedures on the part of NRC, and proposed license changes.

Barth, M.J.; Dunn, D.R.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Safeguards and Security Program  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The Safeguards and Security Program ensures that the Department of Energy efficiently and effectively meets all its obligations to protect Special Nuclear Material, other nuclear materials, classified matter, sensitive information, government property, and the safety and security of employees, contractors, and the general public. Cancels DOE P 470.1.

2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

76

Safeguards and Security Program  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish responsibilities for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program, and to establish program planning and management requirements for the S&S Program. Cancels DOE O 470.4A, DOE M 470.4-1, Chg. 2, and DOE O 142.1.

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

77

Separations and safeguards model integration.  

SciTech Connect

Research and development of advanced reprocessing plant designs can greatly benefit from the development of a reprocessing plant model capable of transient solvent extraction chemistry. This type of model can be used to optimize the operations of a plant as well as the designs for safeguards, security, and safety. Previous work has integrated a transient solvent extraction simulation module, based on the Solvent Extraction Process Having Interaction Solutes (SEPHIS) code developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with the Separations and Safeguards Performance Model (SSPM) developed at Sandia National Laboratory, as a first step toward creating a more versatile design and evaluation tool. The goal of this work was to strengthen the integration by linking more variables between the two codes. The results from this integrated model show expected operational performance through plant transients. Additionally, ORIGEN source term files were integrated into the SSPM to provide concentrations, radioactivity, neutron emission rate, and thermal power data for various spent fuels. This data was used to generate measurement blocks that can determine the radioactivity, neutron emission rate, or thermal power of any stream or vessel in the plant model. This work examined how the code could be expanded to integrate other separation steps and benchmark the results to other data. Recommendations for future work will be presented.

Cipiti, Benjamin B.; Zinaman, Owen

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

107th Congress 1st session S.1166, Next generation Lighting Initiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

II II 107TH CONGRESS 1ST SESSION S. 1166 To establish the Next Generation Lighting Initiative at the Department of Energy, and for other purposes. IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES JULY 11, 2001 Mr. BINGAMAN (for himself and Mr. DEWINE) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Nat- ural Resources A BILL To establish the Next Generation Lighting Initiative at the Department of Energy, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 1 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 2 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. 3 This Act may be cited as ''Next Generation Lighting 4 Initiative Act''. 5 SEC. 2. FINDING. 6 Congress finds that it is in the economic and energy 7 security interests of the United States to encourage the

79

Defining and Measuring Safeguards Culture  

SciTech Connect

In light of the shift toward State Level Evaluations and information driven safeguards, this paper offers a refined definition of safeguards culture and a set of metrics for measuring the extent to which a safeguards culture exists in a state. Where the IAEA is able to use the definition and metrics to come to a positive conclusion about the country, it may help reduce the burden on the Agency and the state.

Frazar, Sarah L.; Mladineo, Stephen V.

2010-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

80

Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults 1. Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults 1. Introduction 2. Definition & Legislation 3. Scope 4. Roles & Responsibilities 5. Action Appendix 1 ­ Handling a Safeguarding Case & Contacts as best practice for all safeguarding activity; however, this policy reflects the different practices

Anderson, Jim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults Introduction The University is expected and has a responsibility to take appropriate steps to safeguard children and vulnerable adults who are on University · Safeguarding:"Institutionshaveanenhanceddutytowardschildren,andsafeguardingispartofthatcommon-lawdutyof care

Aickelin, Uwe

82

Spiral Development for Safeguards Instrumentation  

SciTech Connect

Safeguards instrumentation is highly specialized, so a common approach in the US has been to develop initial prototypes for performance, operability and security within the US National Laboratories for the IAEA and then seek one or more commercial partners. Transfer of technology from US National Laboratories is a legal requirement for products that have the potential for mass production. Other important objectives include minimizing time to deployment and lifecycle cost, and optimizing product maintainability, sustainability and manufacturability. Unfortunately, the deployment of systems developed via this model has sometimes been seriously delayed or never adopted because of the difficulty of optimizing the significant parameters of the process between the public and private sectors. The authors suggest that forming an R&D partnership between a research laboratory and a commercial company much earlier in the process would provide significant advantages. The present US practice leads to unnecessary expenditures during the early R&D phase since many decisions are made based on research needs that are counterproductive for commercialization and manufacturability. If the ultimate goal of the project is to produce a reliable and cost effective commercial product, the commercial input is needed early and often. The new “model” of developing systems in a closer collaboration with the private sector, in a spiral “Commercialization by Design” approach, should also limit the long term financial mortgages that Member States frequently experience with respect to safeguards instrumentation development using the present process. As a concrete example, the potential for incorporating Wire Integrity Verification Technology into the iCobra Reader System is discussed.

Koskelo, M.; Undem, Halvor A.; Good, Morris S.; Frazar, Sarah L.; Schanfein, Mark; Kadner, S.

2012-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

83

Transportation Safeguards & Security Test Bed (TSSTB) | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation Safeguards and Security Test Bed May 30, 2013 The Transportation Safeguards and Security Test Bed consists of a test-bed vehicle and a monitoringlaboratorytraining...

84

Predatory Pricing Safeguards and Telecommunications Regulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Telecommunications regulation frequently employs safeguards against anticompetitive practices, usually in the form ... structural separation also was used extensively as a safeguard, and persists in the Computer ...

Alexander Larson

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

System Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System NMMSS U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards...

86

Safeguards and Security Program - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.4B Admin Chg 1, Safeguards and Security Program by Mary Gallion Functional areas: Administrative Change, Safeguards, Security, and Emergency Management, Safety, Safety and...

87

Safeguards and Security Program - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Chg 1, Safeguards and Security Program by Website Administrator Functional areas: Environment, Safety, and Health, Hazardous Materials, Radiation Protection, Safeguards,...

88

Generation and Initial Evolution of a Mode Water S Anomaly* GREGORY C. JOHNSON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generation and Initial Evolution of a Mode Water ­S Anomaly* GREGORY C. JOHNSON NOAA/Pacific Marine. Corresponding author address: Dr. Gregory C. Johnson, NOAA/PMEL, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Bldg. 3, Seattle, WA 98115-6349. E-mail: gregory.c.johnson@noaa.gov APRIL 2006

Johnson, Gregory C.

89

Providing safeguards or playing Nero  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Providing safeguards or playing Nero ... The public expects the creators of technology to provide requisite safeguards for health and safety of society in the short term without fail, and in the long term as far as vision and intelligence can reasonably project. ...

L.T. Lippincott

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Full spectrum optical safeguard  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical safeguard device with two linear variable Fabry-Perot filters aligned relative to a light source with at least one of the filters having a nonlinear dielectric constant material such that, when a light source produces a sufficiently high intensity light, the light alters the characteristics of the nonlinear dielectric constant material to reduce the intensity of light impacting a connected optical sensor. The device can be incorporated into an imaging system on a moving platform, such as an aircraft or satellite.

Ackerman, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

91

Initial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Initial operation of a pulse-burst laser system for high-repetition-rate Thomson scattering a... W. S. Harris, 1 D. J. Den Hartog, 1,2 and N. C. Hurst 1 1 Department of Physics,...

92

Seite 1 von 7 Safeguarding good academic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seite 1 von 7 Safeguarding good academic practice Reacting to spectacular cases of misconduct (German Research Foundation, DFG) presented "Proposals for safeguarding good academic practice") of November 1997 and the DFG memorandum "Safeguarding good academic practice" of 1998. Rules for safeguarding

Heermann, Dieter W.

93

Safeguarding Equipment and Protecting Employees from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safeguarding Equipment and Protecting Employees from Amputations www.osha.gov Small Business Safety of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health #12;Safeguarding Equipment and Protecting Employees from Activities 9 Hazard Analysis 9 Controlling Amputation Hazards 9 Safeguarding Machinery 9 Primary Safeguarding

Colton, Jonathan S.

94

Us-Japan cooperation on safeguards  

SciTech Connect

There is a long history of collaborative safeguards development between the United States and Japan. Japan has built, and continues to expand, the largest civil nuclear fuel cycle under full-scope IAEA safeguards in world. This development has posed unique challenges to the international safeguards system. Safeguards developments made through the US-Japan cooperation to address these unique challenges have significantly impacted the technologies deployed for international safeguards applications around the world.

Beddingfield, David H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hori, Masato [JAEA; Kawakubo, Yoko [JAEA; Mcclelland - Kerr, J [NNSA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

IAEA safeguards: some pros and cons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A former UK representative on the IAEA Governing Board gives a personal view of IAEA safeguards. He suggests that criticism of the International Atomic Energy Agency Safeguards System some of it appearing in Phys. Tech., often reflects a misunderstanding of the role of IAEA safeguards and an underestimation of what safeguards have achieved. The limitations and strengths of IAEA safeguards are assessed and the balance in their favour is found

P. Kelly

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Integrated Safeguards and Security Management Self-Assessment 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

provided. Appendix A. Safeguards and Security Plan AppendixLBNL/PUB-3183 Integrated Safeguards and Security Management76SF00098. Integrated Safeguards and Security Management

Lunford, Dan; Ramsey, Dwayne

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Master Safeguards and Security Agreements  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish the Department of Energy policy, requirements, responsibilities, and authorities for the development and implementation of Master Safeguards and Security Agreements (MSSA's). Does not cancel another directive. Canceled by DOE O 5630.13A

1988-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

98

Overview of enrichment plant safeguards  

SciTech Connect

The relationship of enrichment plant safeguards to US nonproliferation objectives and to the operation and management of enrichment facilities is reviewed. During the review, the major components of both domestic and international safeguards systems for enrichment plants are discussed. In discussing domestic safeguards systems, examples of the technology currently in use to support nuclear materials accountability are described including the measurement methods, procedures and equipment used for weighing, sampling, chemical and isotopic analyses and nondestructive assay techniques. Also discussed is how the information obtained as part of the nuclear material accountancy task is useful to enrichment plant operations. International material accountancy verification and containment/surveillance concepts for enrichment plants are discussed, and the technologies presently being developed for international safeguards in enrichment plants are identified and the current development status is reported.

Swindle, D.W. Jr.; Wheeler, L.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Safeguards and Security Program  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Ensures appropriate levels of protection against unauthorized access; theft, diversion, loss of custody, or destruction of nuclear weapons, or weapons components; espionage; loss or theft of classified matter or Government property; and other hostile acts that may cause unacceptable adverse impacts on national security or on the health and safety of Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor employees, the public, or the environment. DOE O 470.1 Extended until 5-11-06 by DOE N 251.63, dated 5-11-05. Chg 1, Safeguards and Security Program, dated 9/28/95, extended by DOE N 251.57, dated 4/28/2004. Change 1, 5/21/96, revises Chapter IV. Cancels: DOE 5630.11B, DOE 5630.13A, DOE 5630.14A, DOE 5630.15, DOE 5630.16A, DOE 5630.17, DOE 5631.1C, DOE 5631.4A, DOE 5634.1B, DOE 5634.3, DOE 5639.3, DOE M 5632.1C-1 in part.

1995-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

100

IAEA safeguards equipment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) operates a large diversity of equipment to verify nuclear materials, contributing to the confirmation of the states' compliance with their respective nonproliferation obligations. The variety of physical and chemical properties of nuclear materials, as well as their storage environment, requires an arsenal of instruments. Additionally, the IAEA applies various containment and surveillance measures to maintain the continuity of knowledge on nuclear materials. The IAEA need ongoing equipment development to provide its inspectorate with the state-of-the-art tools for performing various safeguards activities. These activities include the measurement of declared nuclear material inventories and flows, the application of enhanced containment and surveillance measures and the search for the indicators of undeclared nuclear material and clandestine nuclear activities. The IAEA is facing increasing demands to perform remote verification of nuclear material flows utilising unattended monitoring systems. Additional analytical capabilities and effective non-destructive assay methods will be indispensable in the future for reinforcing the IAEA's ability to detect undeclared nuclear materials and activities.

M. Zendel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Safety, security and safeguard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A physical protection system (PPS) integrates people, procedures, and equipment for the protection of assets or facilities against theft, sabotage and terrorist attacks. Therefore, this paper proposes the use of a systematic and measurable approach to the design of PPS and its emphases on the concept of detection, delay and response. The proposed performance based PPS has the capability of defeating adversaries thereby achieving its targets. Therefore, timely detection of intrusion – based on the use of sensors, signal lines and alarm systems – is a major principle in the proposed system. Also the need for deterrence such as barriers in form of guards, access control, close circuit television (CCTV), strong policy and procedures, then the security culture amongst the facility workers was appropriately discussed. Since nuclear power is considered the only source that can provide large scale electricity with comparatively minimal impact on the environment, the paper also considered base guidelines for the application of PPS in any nuclear and radioactive facilities, followed with the necessity to incorporate inherent safety, security and safeguard (3S) synergy innovation in the physical protection system design and other characteristics that will enhance to reduce the vulnerability of nuclear facilities and materials to theft sabotage and terrorist attacks.

Nasiru Imam Zakariya; M.T.E. Kahn

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

SAFEGUARDS EXPERIENCE ON THE DUPIC FUEL CYCLE PROCESS  

SciTech Connect

Safeguards have been applied to the R and D process for directly fabricating CANDU fuel with PWR spent fuel material. Safeguards issues to be resolved were identified in the areas such as international cooperation on handling foreign origin nuclear material, technology development of operator's measurement system of the bulk handling process of spent fuel material, and a built-in C/S system for independent verification of material flow. The fuel cycle concept (Direct Use of PWR spent fuel in CANDU, DUPIC) was developed in consideration of reutilization of over-flowing spent fuel resources at PWR sites and a reduction of generated high level wastes. All those safeguards issues have been finally resolved, and the first batch of PWR spent fuel material was successfully introduced in the DUPIC lab facility and has been in use for routine process development.

J. HONG; H. KIM; ET AL

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A framework for nuclear facility safeguard evaluation using probabilistic methods and expert elicitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the advancement of the next generation of nuclear fuel cycle facilities, concerns of the effectiveness of nuclear facility safeguards have been increasing due to the inclusion of highly enriched material and reprocessing ...

Iamsumang, Chonlagarn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Adjustable Measures for the Safeguard of Monuments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The widespread obsessive furore of safeguarding urgently relicts of every kind at any...selection of those actual values worth to be safeguarded. This more reasonable attitude is expressed by...respect of the mon...

Ruggiero Jappelli

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Safeguards and Security Program, acronyms and abbereviations...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Program, acronyms and abbereviations - DOE M 470.4-7 Safeguards and Security Program, acronyms and abbereviations - DOE M 470.4-7 August 26, 2005 Canceled Safeguards and Security...

106

Process: (international) safeguards interface at the Portsmouth GCEP from the safeguards technology developer's viewpoint  

SciTech Connect

The design of a major portion of a safeguards system for possible use by IAEA at the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant is described from the viewpoint of the safeguards technology developer. The process-safeguards interface is reviewed, including safeguards, process, and operational constraints on the safeguards system. The conflicting requirements of the IAEA and the plant operator are minimized through the use of advanced technology that allows safeguards data to be acquired, analyzed, and reported in an automated, unattended mode. The proposed safeguards system will reduce the impact of the inspections on both the operator and the IAEA.

Tape, J.W.; Strittmatter, R.B.; Baker, A.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

UNCLASSIFIED Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System CONTACT INFORMATION UPDATE REPORTING IDENTIFICATION SYMBOL (RIS) RIS: Address: Facility Name: CONTACTS Name Email:...

108

Safeguarding Animal Health AQUATIC INVASIVE SPECIES &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safeguarding Animal Health AQUATIC INVASIVE SPECIES & VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC SEPTICEMIA Teresa L. Dudis;Safeguarding Animal Health AQUATIC INVASIVE SPECIES An aquatic invasive species (AIS) is an aquatic parasite%20White%20Paper% 20%20-%20FINAL%20VERSION.pdf #12;Safeguarding Animal Health AIS ­ Parasites

109

Workshop-based Multiobjective Security Safeguard Selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Workshop-based Multiobjective Security Safeguard Selection Thomas Neubauer Institute of Software/or are not aware whether their investments are effective. While security safeguards traditionally are evaluated, there is a demand for decision support tools that assist decision makers in allocating security safeguards

110

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY CONTENTS: Guidelines on Criminal Records #12;POLICY ON SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY 1 with University staff, students or contractors. 1.2 This Policy sets out the University's approach to safeguarding

Birmingham, University of

111

A COMPARISON OF SECURITY SAFEGUARD SELECTION METHODS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A COMPARISON OF SECURITY SAFEGUARD SELECTION METHODS Thomas Neubauer Secure Business Austria of security safeguards is often a result of current needs or influ- enced by security problems that may go decision makers with an overview of common methods for the evaluation and selection of security safeguards

112

Long-term proliferation and safeguards issues in future technologies  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the task was to assess the effect of potential new technologies, nuclear and non-nuclear, on safeguards needs and non-proliferation policies, and to explore possible solutions to some of the problems envisaged. Eight subdivisions were considered: New Enrichment Technologies; Non-Aqueous Reprocessing Technologies; Fusion; Accelerator-Driven Reactor Systems; New Reactor Types; Heavy Water and Deuterium; Long-Term Storage of Spent Fuel; and Other Future Technologies (Non-Nuclear). For each of these subdivisions, a careful review of the current world-wide effort in the field provided a means of subjectively estimating the viability and qualitative probability of fruition of promising technologies. Technologies for which safeguards and non-proliferation requirements have been thoroughly considered by others were not restudied here (e.g., the Fast Breeder Reactor). The time scale considered was 5 to 40 years for possible initial demonstration although, in some cases, a somewhat optimistic viewpoint was embraced. Conventional nuclear-material safeguards are only part of the overall non-proliferation regime. Other aspects are international agreements, export controls on sensitive technologies, classification of information, intelligence gathering, and diplomatic initiatives. The focus here is on safeguards, export controls, and classification.

Keisch, B.; Auerbach, C.; Fainberg, A.; Fiarman, S.; Fishbone, L.G.; Higinbotham, W.A.; Lemley, J.R.; O'Brien, J.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Generation and focusing of electron beams with initial transverse-longitudinal correlation  

SciTech Connect

In charged particle beams, one of the roles played by space charge is to couple the transverse and longitudinal dynamics of the beam. This can lead to very complex phenomena which are generally studied using computer simulations. However, in some cases models based on phenomenological or analytic approximations can provide valuable insight into the system behavior. In this paper, we employ such approximations to investigate the conditions under which all the slices of a space charge dominated electron beam with slowly varying current could be focused to a waist with the same radius and at the same location, independent of slice current, and show that this can be accomplished approximately if the initial transverse-longitudinal correlation introduced onto the beam by the electron gun is chosen to compensate for the transverse-longitudinal correlation introduced onto the beam in the drift section. The validity of our approximations is assessed by use of progressively more realistic calculations. We also consider several design elements of electron guns that affect the initial correlations in the beams they generate.

Harris, J. R., E-mail: john.harris@colostate.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States); Lewellen, J. W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Poole, B. R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

114

Facility Safeguardability Assessment Report  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Methodology for Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection of Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems, Revision 6, September 15, 2011 IAEA, (1972) The Structure and Content of...

115

Safeguards instrumentation: a computer-based catalog  

SciTech Connect

The information contained in this catalog is needed to provide a data base for safeguards studies and to help establish criteria and procedures for international safeguards for nuclear materials and facilities. The catalog primarily presents information on new safeguards equipment. It also describes entire safeguards systems for certain facilities, but it does not describe the inspection procedures. Because IAEA safeguards do not include physical security, devices for physical protection (as opposed to containment and surveillance) are not included. An attempt has been made to list capital costs, annual maintenance costs, replacement costs, and useful lifetime for the equipment. For equipment which is commercially available, representative sources have been listed whenever available.

Fishbone, L.G.; Keisch, B.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Determining Plutonium Mass in Spent Fuel with Nondestructive Assay Techniques NGSI Research Overview and Update on NDA Techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

under the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative considersfor Action: The Next Generation Safeguards Initiative,” TheTechniques for Nuclear Safeguards,” Advances in Nuclear Fuel

A., V. Mozin, S.J. Tobin, L.W. Cambell, J.R. Cheatham, C.R. Freeman, C.J. Gesh,

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Assessment of Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence for Spent Nuclear Fuel Assay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative to develop anIn 2009, the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) ofcurrently unattainable safeguards capabilities, i.e. ,

Quiter, Brian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Modeling and Simulation for Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this talk is to give an overview of the role of modeling and simulation in Safeguards R&D and introduce you to (some of) the tools used. Some definitions are: (1) Modeling - the representation, often mathematical, of a process, concept, or operation of a system, often implemented by a computer program; (2) Simulation - the representation of the behavior or characteristics of one system through the use of another system, especially a computer program designed for the purpose; and (3) Safeguards - the timely detection of diversion of significant quantities of nuclear material. The role of modeling and simulation are: (1) Calculate amounts of material (plant modeling); (2) Calculate signatures of nuclear material etc. (source terms); and (3) Detector performance (radiation transport and detection). Plant modeling software (e.g. FACSIM) gives the flows and amount of material stored at all parts of the process. In safeguards this allow us to calculate the expected uncertainty of the mass and evaluate the expected MUF. We can determine the measurement accuracy required to achieve a certain performance.

Swinhoe, Martyn T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

119

International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards  

SciTech Connect

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is unique among international organizations in its use of on-site inspections to verify that States are in compliance with the terms of a negotiated agreement. The legal basis for the inspections is agreements between the IAEA and the State, concluded in the framework of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, for full scope safeguards on all nuclear materials. In addition, other more limited agreements for safeguards on a portion of a State's nuclear material are also concluded with States not party to the Treaty. In either case, the role of the IAEA is to verify compliance with the terms of these agreements by auditing facility operating records and reports submitted to the IAEA by the State; by independent measurement of nuclear materials by IAEA inspectors; and by emplacement of surveillance devices to monitor facility operations in the inspector's absence. Although IAEA safeguards are applied only to peaceful nuclear activities and do not attempt to control or reduce the numbers of nuclear weapons, there are aspects of the IAEA methods and technology that may be applicable to treaty verification for arms control. Among these aspects are: (1) the form of the IAEA's agreements with States; (2) the IAEA approach to inspection planning; and (3) the instrumentation employed by the IAEA for monitoring facility activities and for measuring nuclear material.

Avenhaus, R.; Markin, J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Examining 239Pu and 240Pu Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence Measurements on Spent Fuel for Nuclear Safeguards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Spent Fuel for Nuclear Safeguards Brian J. Quiter, ?resonances on nuclear safeguards measurements will be

Quiter, Brian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

FAQS Reference Guide – Safeguards and Security  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the May 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1171-2009, Safeguards and Security Functional Area Qualification Standard.

122

UNCLASSIFIED Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System CHANGE OF PROJECT NUMBER UPDATE PROJECT Project Number: Title: Date Valid: Date Deactivated: Classification Codes: Project Number:...

123

SAFEGUARD AND SECURE CONTROL VERIFY POLICY  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Fall 2014 National Nuclear Security Administration ENERGY U.S. DEPARTMENT OF NIS Leads International Workshop to Strengthen Nuclear Safeguards Regime By Jessica WilBourne and sean...

124

ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor Control System PIA, Oak Ridge Operations Office ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System...

125

Audit of the Department of Energy's Site Safeguards and Security...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy's Site Safeguards and Security Plans TO: The Secretary BACKGROUND: The Department's Safeguards and Security program is designed to provide appropriate, efficient, and...

126

Some NDA Techniques Applied to International Safeguards Projects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent attention to international safeguards has stimulated interest in nondestructive analysis techniques. ... describes several NDA applications in support of international safeguards projects, all involving in...

R.N. Ceo; K.A. Thompson

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Delegation of Authority for Safeguards and Security (EM) - DOE...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Authority for Safeguards and Security (EM) by goodwin Delegation-AuthorityforSafeguards-SecurityEM.pdf -- PDF Document, 63 KB ID: NA Type: Organizations' Assignment of...

128

Innovative cement helps DOE safeguard nuclear facilities | Argonne National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovative cement helps DOE safeguard nuclear facilities Innovative cement helps DOE safeguard nuclear facilities By Jared Sagoff * April 25, 2008 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, Ill. - When Argonne materials scientists Arun Wagh and Dileep Singh initially developed Ceramicrete®, a novel phosphate cement that stabilizes radioactive waste streams, they did not immediately recognize that with one or two extra ingredients, the cement could solve another problem in the nuclear complex. In the course of the development of the Ceramicrete technology, Wagh and Singh formed a multilayered collaboration among Argonne, the Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF) in Sarov, Russia, and Ceradyne Boron Products LLC. This international scientific partnership created an unusually efficient nuclear shield that blocks the neutrons and gamma rays

129

SunShot Initiative: Baseload CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based Thermochemical Heat Storage CSP Generation Integrated with Sulfur-Based Thermochemical Heat Storage General Atomics logo Graphic of a diagram of squares and circles connected by arrows. Sulfur-based TES can compensate for diurnal and seasonal insolation fluctuations. General Atomics, under the Baseload CSP FOA, is demonstrating the engineering feasibility of using a sulfur-based thermochemical cycle to store heat from a CSP plant and support baseload power generation. Approach There are three main project objectives under this award: Study the sulfur generating disproportionation reaction and develop it into a practical engineering process step. Carry out preliminary process components design and experimental validation. The engineering data will be used for process integration between the CSP plant, the sulfur processing and storage plant, and the electricity generation unit.

130

Improving the Transparency of IAEA Safeguards Reporting  

SciTech Connect

In 2008, the Standing Advisory Group on Safeguards Implementation (SAGSI) indicated that the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Safeguards Implementation Report (SIR) has not kept pace with the evolution of safeguards and provided the IAEA with a set of recommendations for improvement. The SIR is the primary mechanism for providing an overview of safeguards implementation in a given year and reporting on the annual safeguards findings and conclusions drawn by the Secretariat. As the IAEA transitions to State-level safeguards approaches, SIR reporting must adapt to reflect these evolutionary changes. This evolved report will better reflect the IAEA's transition to a more qualitative and information-driven approach, based upon State-as-a-whole considerations. This paper applies SAGSI's recommendations to the development of multiple models for an evolved SIR and finds that an SIR repurposed as a 'safeguards portal' could significantly enhance information delivery, clarity, and transparency. In addition, this paper finds that the 'portal concept' also appears to have value as a standardized information presentation and analysis platform for use by Country Officers, for continuity of knowledge purposes, and the IAEA Secretariat in the safeguards conclusion process. Accompanying this paper is a fully functional prototype of the 'portal' concept, built using commercial software and IAEA Annual Report data.

Toomey, Christopher; Hayman, Aaron M.; Wyse, Evan T.; Odlaug, Christopher S.

2011-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

131

Safeguards and Security Independent Oversight Program  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Establishes the DOE Safeguards and Security Independent Oversight Program that provides DOE and contractor managers, Congress, and other stakeholders with an independent evaluation of the effectiveness of DOE safeguards and security policy and programs, and the implementation of those policies and programs. Cancels DOE 5630.12A.

1998-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

132

Consequence Management, Safeguards & Non-Proliferation Tools | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consequence Consequence Management, Safeguards, and Non-Proliferation Tools SHARE Consequence Management, Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Tools UF 6 Enrichment Facility Visualization of the gamma radiation field in a mock-up of a UF-6 enrichment facility. The solution was generated on a desktop computer using ORNL's Denovo SN transport code and ADVANTG interface, using geometry and material descriptions from an NRL SWORD input file. ORNL is a leader in developing state-of-the-art radiation transport modeling and simulation tools and in applying these tools to solve challenging problems in national and global nuclear security. Recent developments in high-performance, high-fidelity, deterministic Monte Carlo, and hybrid Monte Carlo/deterministic radiation transport codes within

133

World Bank Safeguard Policies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Safeguard Policies World Bank Safeguard Policies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: World Bank Safeguard Policies Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/PROJECTS/EXTPOLICIES/EXTSAFEPOL/0,,m References: World Bank Safeguard Policies [1] Overview "The World Bank's environmental and social safeguard policies are a cornerstone of its support to sustainable poverty reduction. The objective of these policies is to prevent and mitigate undue harm to people and their environment in the development process. These policies provide guidelines for bank and borrower staffs in the identification, preparation, and

134

Determining information management needs for enhanced international safeguards  

SciTech Connect

The Safeguards Information Management System initiative is a program of the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation aimed at supporting the International Atomic Energy Agency`s (IAEA) efforts to strengthen safeguards through the enhancement of information management capabilities. The DOE hopes to provide the IAEA with the ability to correlate and analyze data from existing and new sources of information, including publicly available information, information on imports and exports, design information, environmental monitoring data, and non-safeguards information. The first step in this effort is to identify and define IAEA requirements. In support of this, we have created a users` requirements document based on interviews with IAEA staff that describes the information management needs of the end user projected by the IAEA, including needs for storage, retrieval, analysis, communication, and visualization of data. Also included are characteristics of the end user and attributes of the current environment. This paper describes our efforts to obtain the required information. We discuss how to accurately represent user needs and involve users for an international organization with a multi-cultural user population. We describe our approach, our experience in setting up and conducting the interviews and brainstorming sessions, and a brief discussion of what we learned.

Badalamente, R.V. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); DeLand, S.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Whiteson, R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Anzelon, G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

What do Argentine shoes, Indian tire rubber, Korean garlic and American wheat gluten have in common? Although some are final consumer goods while others are intermediate inputs and they differ in terms of their m...

Chad P. Bown; Meredith A. Crowley

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Safeguards for spent fuels: Verification problems  

SciTech Connect

The accumulation of large quantities of spent nuclear fuels world-wide is a serious problem for international safeguards. A number of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) member states, including the US, consider spent fuel to be a material form for which safeguards cannot be terminated, even after permanent disposal in a geologic repository. Because safeguards requirements for spent fuels are different from those of conventional bulk-handling and item-accounting facilities, there is room for innovation to design a unique safeguards regime for spent fuels that satisfies the goals of the nuclear nonproliferation treaty at a reasonable cost to both the facility and the IAEA. Various strategies being pursued for long-term management of spent fuels are examined with a realistic example to illustrate the problems of verifying safeguards under the present regime. Verification of a safeguards regime for spent fuels requires a mix of standard safeguards approaches, such as quantitative verification and use of seals, with other measures that are unique to spent fuels. 17 refs.

Pillay, K.K.S.; Picard, R.R.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Safeguarding and Protecting the Nuclear Fuel Cycle  

SciTech Connect

International safeguards as applied by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) are a vital cornerstone of the global nuclear nonproliferation regime - they protect against the peaceful nuclear fuel cycle becoming the undetected vehicle for nuclear weapons proliferation by States. Likewise, domestic safeguards and nuclear security are essential to combating theft, sabotage, and nuclear terrorism by non-State actors. While current approaches to safeguarding and protecting the nuclear fuel cycle have been very successful, there is significant, active interest to further improve the efficiency and effectiveness of safeguards and security, particularly in light of the anticipated growth of nuclear energy and the increase in the global threat environment. This article will address two recent developments called Safeguards-by-Design and Security-by-Design, which are receiving increasing broad international attention and support. Expected benefits include facilities that are inherently more economical to effectively safeguard and protect. However, the technical measures of safeguards and security alone are not enough - they must continue to be broadly supported by dynamic and adaptive nonproliferation and security regimes. To this end, at the level of the global fuel cycle architecture, 'nonproliferation and security by design' remains a worthy objective that is also the subject of very active, international focus.

Trond Bjornard; Humberto Garcia; William Desmond; Scott Demuth

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safeguards and Security General Technical Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies. FAQS JTA - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base More Documents & Publications FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security

139

SAFEGUARDS CULTURE: WHAT IS IT AND DOES IT MATTER?  

SciTech Connect

The concepts of safety and security culture are well established; however, a common understanding of safeguards culture is not internationally recognized. With the support of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) the authors have attempted a rigorous analysis of the concept of safeguards culture, with the goal of determining its value to the international safeguards community, and to provide recommendations as to whether the concept deserves further development. As part of this analysis, the authors explore the distinctions between safeguards culture, safeguards compliance, and safeguards performance. The authors also discuss synergies and differences between safeguards culture and safety/security culture.

Mladineo, Stephen V.; Frazar, Sarah L.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Research Initiative Will Demonstrate Low Temperature Geothermal Electrical Power Generation Systems Using Oilfield Fluids  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) is announcing a new collaboration with the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) to demonstrate the versatility, reliability, and deployment capabilities of low-temperature geothermal electrical power generation systems using co-produced water from oilfield operations at the Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) in Wyoming.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Overview of the Facility Safeguardability Analysis (FSA) Process  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary The safeguards system of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is intended to provide the international community with credible assurance that a State is fulfilling its safeguards obligations. Effective and cost-efficient IAEA safeguards at the facility level are, and will remain, an important element of IAEA safeguards as those safeguards evolve towards a “State-Level approach.” The Safeguards by Design (SBD) concept can facilitate the implementation of these effective and cost-efficient facility-level safeguards (Bjornard, et al. 2009a, 2009b; IAEA, 1998; Wonder & Hockert, 2011). This report, sponsored by the National Nuclear Security Administration’s Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security, introduces a methodology intended to ensure that the diverse approaches to Safeguards by Design can be effectively integrated and consistently used to cost effectively enhance the application of international safeguards.

Bari, Robert A.; Hockert, John; Wonder, Edward F.; Johnson, Scott J.; Wigeland, Roald; Zentner, Michael D.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Generation of Initial Kinetic Distributions for Simulation of Long-Pulse Charged Particle Beams with High Space-Charge intensity  

SciTech Connect

Self-consistent Vlasov-Poisson simulations of beams with high space-charge intensity often require specification of initial phase-space distributions that reflect properties of a beam that is well adapted to the transport channel--both in terms of low-order rms (envelope) properties as well as the higher-order phase-space structure. Here, we first review broad classes of kinetic distributions commonly in use as initial Vlasov distributions in simulations of unbunched or weakly bunched beams with intense space-charge fields including: the Kapchinskij-Vladimirskij (KV) equilibrium, continuous-focusing equilibria with specific detailed examples, and various non-equilibrium distributions, such as the semi-Gaussian distribution and distributions formed from specified functions of linear-field Courant-Snyder invariants. Important practical details necessary to specify these distributions in terms of usual accelerator inputs are presented in a unified format. Building on this presentation, a new class of approximate initial kinetic distributions are constructed using transformations that preserve linear-focusing single-particle Courant-Snyder invariants to map initial continuous-focusing equilibrium distributions to a form more appropriate for non-continuous focusing channels. Self-consistent particle-in-cell simulations are employed to show that the approximate initial distributions generated in this manner are better adapted to the focusing channels for beams with high space-charge intensity. This improved capability enables simulation applications that more precisely probe intrinsic stability properties and machine performance.

Lund, Steven M.; Kikuchi, Takashi; Davidson, Ronald C.

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

143

Generation of initial Vlasov distributions for simulation of charged particle beams with high space-charge intensity  

SciTech Connect

Self-consistent Vlasov simulations of beams with high space-charge intensity often require specification of initial phase-space distributions that reflect properties of a beam that is well adapted to the transport channel, both in terms of low-order rms (envelope) properties as well as the higher-order phase-space structure. Here, we first review broad classes of distributions commonly in use as initial Vlasov distributions in simulations of beams with intense space-charge fields including: the Kapchinskij-Vladimirskij (KV) equilibrium, continuous-focusing equilibria with specific detailed examples, and various non-equilibrium distributions, such as the semi-Gaussian distribution and distributions formed from specified functions of linear-field Courant-Snyder invariants. Important practical details necessary to specify these distributions in terms of usual accelerator inputs are presented in a unified format. Building on this presentation, a new class of approximate initial distributions are constructed using transformations that preserve linear-focusing single-particle Courant-Snyder invariants to map initial continuous-focusing equilibrium distributions to a form more appropriate for non-continuous focusing channels. Self-consistent particle-in-cell simulations are employed to show that the approximate initial distributions generated in this manner are better adapted to the focusing channels for beams with high space-charge intensity. This improved capability enables simulation applications that more precisely probe intrinsic stability properties and machine performance.

Lund, S M; Kikuchi, T; Davidson, R C

2007-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

144

IAEA Safeguards: Past, Present, and Future  

SciTech Connect

This talk will present an overview of the International Atomic Energy Agency with a specific focus on its international safeguards mission and activities. The talk will first present a brief history of the IAEA and discuss its current governing structure. It will then focus on the Safeguards Department and its role in providing assurance that nuclear materials are being used for peaceful purposes. It will then look at how the IAEA is currently evolving the way in which it executes its safeguards mission with a focus on the idea of a state-level approach.

Santi, Peter A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hypes, Philip A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

145

Pharmacokinetic calculator program for generation of initial parameter estimates from a three-compartment infusion model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A polyexponential curve-stripping program, kin, is described for use on the HP-41CV programmable calculator. The program may be used in the analysis of plasma-concentration-time curves for a three-compartment intravenous bolus or infusion model with linear elimination processes. The coefficients and hybrid rate constants of the exponential function are then used to compute pharmacokinetic parameters (volume of the central compartment, intercompartmental rate transfer constants), which may be used as initial estimates of model parameters in non-linear regression curve-fitting procedures.

James D. Henderson; Richard D. Olson; William R. Ravis

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

International Nuclear Safeguards Inspection Support Tool  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is committed to developing technologies to meet escalating requirements for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) monitoring and associated inspections. This commitment involves the customization and transfer of existing remote monitoring/information management technologies for use by the IAEA. This paper describes an information management system called INSIST International Nuclear Safeguards Inspection Support Tool, which was developed by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to support the IAEA Action Team in its role of monitoring and verifying compliance under United Nations Special Commission (UNSC) Resolutions 687, 707, and 715. Initial emphasis was placed on developing and deploying functionality and databases customized to support the Action Team. Throughout the design and customization of INSIST, emphasis was placed on information storage and retrieval capabilities for data gathered by the Action Team. In addition, PNL provided the Action Team with maps and satellite images and other relevant Iraqi databases to further facilitate the following activities: monitoring nuclear activities, facility operations, and nuclear material inventories assisting in inspection planning and training providing post inspection analysis providing onsite inspection support reporting on inspection findings.

Steinmaus, K.L.; Wukelic, G.E.; Beal, O.M.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Development of Superconducting High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometers for Nuclear Safeguards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2.3 Isotope Correlation for Safeguards . . . . . .1.3 Safeguards and Nuclear Forensics . . . 1.4 CurrentApplication Guide to Safeguards Calorimetry. LA-13867-M,

Dreyer, Jonathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Safeguards, China, and the Price of Steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The economic health of the US steel industry has fluctuated enormously over the last ten years. The implementation of steel safeguard tariffs in 2002 brought intense scrutiny by ... March 2005 to test the importa...

Benjamin H. Liebman

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Implementing Safeguards in Countries Under Suspicion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After the detection of Iraq’s clandestine nuclear weapon acquisition program and North Koreas’s noncompliance with its safeguards obligations, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) undertook a substantial...

Annette Schaper

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Safeguards and the problem of VERs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most complex problems facing GATT during the current Uruguay round of trade talks is the reform of Article XIX on temporary protection measures, commonly known as safeguards. Our author argues that, pr...

Phedon Nicolaides

151

Application of Sof ‘Fair Trial’ Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The inclusion of explicit “fair trial” safeguards in the 13 nation NATO SOF Agreement...customary...international law contains no demonstrable standards, no reliable criteria, for determination of what are the mi...

Robert B. Ellert

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Application of SOF ‘Fair Trial’ Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The inclusion of explicit “fair trial” safeguards in the 13 nation NATO SOF Agreement...customary...international law contains no demonstrable standards, no reliable criteria, for determination of what are the mi...

…

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Safeguards and Security Program Planning and Management  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Establishes program planning and management requirements for the Departments Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program. Cancels: DOE N 473.9 and DOE M 470.1-1

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

154

Safeguards and Security Program Planning and Management  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The manual establishes program planning and management requirements for the Departments Safeguards and Security. Chg 1, dated 3-7-06 Cancels DOE N 473.9, DOE M 470.1-1 Chg 2.

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

155

Safeguards and Security Program - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

O 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program by Mary Gallion Functional areas: Safety, Safety and Security, Security, Work Processes, To establish responsibilities for the U.S....

156

UNCLASSIFIED Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System CHANGE OF PROJECT NUMBER UPDATE PROJECT Project Number: Title: Date Valid: Date Deactivated: Classification Codes: Project Number: Project Title: Associated Materials: Programmatic RIS Previous Project Number(s) Status Code Allotment Code (S=Supplier, U=User) I authorize that the information listed above is for the NMMSS Program to use as part of the project number conversion process for this facility.

157

Integrated Safeguards and Security Management (ISSM) Policy  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The purpose of this Policy is to formalize an Integrated Safeguards and Security Management (ISSM) framework. Safeguards and security management systems provide a formal, organized process for planning, performing, assessing, and improving the secure conduct of work in accordance with risk-based protection strategies. These systems are institutionalized through Department of Energy (DOE) directives and contracts. Does not cancel other directives. Canceled by DOE P 470.1A.

2001-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

158

Advanced Safeguards Approaches for New Reprocessing Facilities  

SciTech Connect

U.S. efforts to promote the international expansion of nuclear energy through the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) will result in a dramatic expansion of nuclear fuel cycle facilities in the United States. New demonstration facilities, such as the Advanced Fuel Cycle Facility (AFCF), the Advanced Burner Reactor (ABR), and the Consolidated Fuel Treatment Center (CFTC) will use advanced nuclear and chemical process technologies that must incorporate increased proliferation resistance to enhance nuclear safeguards. The ASA-100 Project, “Advanced Safeguards Approaches for New Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities,” commissioned by the NA-243 Office of NNSA, has been tasked with reviewing and developing advanced safeguards approaches for these demonstration facilities. Because one goal of GNEP is developing and sharing proliferation-resistant nuclear technology and services with partner nations, the safeguards approaches considered are consistent with international safeguards as currently implemented by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This first report reviews possible safeguards approaches for the new fuel reprocessing processes to be deployed at the AFCF and CFTC facilities. Similar analyses addressing the ABR and transuranic (TRU) fuel fabrication lines at AFCF and CFTC will be presented in subsequent reports.

Durst, Philip C.; Therios, Ike; Bean, Robert; Dougan, A.; Boyer, Brian; Wallace, Richard; Ehinger, Michael H.; Kovacic, Don N.; Tolk, K.

2007-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

159

Coupling a Transient Solvent Extraction Module with the Separations and Safeguards Performance Model  

SciTech Connect

A past difficulty in safeguards design for reprocessing plants is that no code existed for analysis and evaluation of the design. A number of codes have been developed in the past, but many are dated, and no single code is able to cover all aspects of materials accountancy, process monitoring, and diversion scenario analysis. The purpose of this work was to integrate a transient solvent extraction simulation module developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with the SSPM Separations and Safeguards Performance Model, developed at Sandia National Laboratory, as a first step toward creating a more versatile design and evaluation tool. The SSPM was designed for materials accountancy and process monitoring analyses, but previous versions of the code have included limited detail on the chemical processes, including chemical separations. The transient solvent extraction model is based on the ORNL SEPHIS code approach to consider solute build up in a bank of contactors in the PUREX process. Combined, these capabilities yield a much more robust transient separations and safeguards model for evaluating safeguards system design. This coupling and the initial results are presented. In addition, some observations toward further enhancement of separations and safeguards modeling based on this effort are provided, including: items to be addressed in integrating legacy codes, additional improvements needed for a fully functional solvent extraction module, and recommendations for future integration of other chemical process modules.

de Almeida, Valmor F [ORNL; Birdwell Jr, Joseph F [ORNL; DePaoli, David W [ORNL; Gauld, Ian C [ORNL

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Coupling a transient solvent extraction module with the separations and safeguards performance model.  

SciTech Connect

A number of codes have been developed in the past for safeguards analysis, but many are dated, and no single code is able to cover all aspects of materials accountancy, process monitoring, and diversion scenario analysis. The purpose of this work was to integrate a transient solvent extraction simulation module developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with the Separations and Safeguards Performance Model (SSPM), developed at Sandia National Laboratory, as a first step toward creating a more versatile design and evaluation tool. The SSPM was designed for materials accountancy and process monitoring analyses, but previous versions of the code have included limited detail on the chemical processes, including chemical separations. The transient solvent extraction model is based on the ORNL SEPHIS code approach to consider solute build up in a bank of contactors in the PUREX process. Combined, these capabilities yield a more robust transient separations and safeguards model for evaluating safeguards system design. This coupling and initial results are presented. In addition, some observations toward further enhancement of separations and safeguards modeling based on this effort are provided, including: items to be addressed in integrating legacy codes, additional improvements needed for a fully functional solvent extraction module, and recommendations for future integration of other chemical process modules.

DePaoli, David W. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Birdwell, Joseph F. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Gauld, Ian C. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Cipiti, Benjamin B.; de Almeida, Valmor F. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN)

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Safeguards and Security Glossary - DOE M 470.4-7 | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Safeguards and Security Glossary - DOE M 470.4-7 Safeguards and Security Glossary - DOE M 470.4-7 August 26, 2005 Cancelled Safeguards and Security Glossary The Safeguards and...

162

Office of Safeguards, Security & Emergency Preparedness | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Safeguards, Security & Office of Safeguards, Security & Emergency Preparedness Office of Safeguards, Security & Emergency Preparedness Office of Safeguards, Security & Emergency Preparedness Mission Develop and oversee the implementation of policy and guidance with respect to security and emergency management. Foster continuous improvement across the Environmental Management (EM) complex through application of Integrated Safeguards and Security Management principles. Serve as a liaison with sites and other agencies on security and emergency management issues. Major Responsibilities Ensure the mandatory level of safeguards and security protection, with managed risk, for EM's nuclear materials, facilities, classified material, documents and other government assets. Apply the Graded Security Protection (GSP) Policy and other

163

The state-level approach: moving beyond integrated safeguards  

SciTech Connect

The concept of a State-Level Approach (SLA) for international safeguards planning, implementation, and evaluation was contained in the Conceptual Framework for Integrated Safeguards (IS) agreed in 2002. This paper describes briefly the key elements of the SLA, including State-level factors and high-level safeguards objectives, and considers different cases in which application of the SLA methodology could address safeguards for 'suspect' States, 'good' States, and Nuclear Weapons States hosting fuel cycle centers. The continued use and further development of the SLA to customize safeguards for each State, including for States already under IS, is seen as central to effective and efficient safeguards for an expanding nuclear world.

Tape, James W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Fundamentals of materials accounting for nuclear safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Materials accounting is essential to providing the necessary assurance for verifying the effectiveness of a safeguards system. The use of measurements, analyses, records, and reports to maintain knowledge of the quantities of nuclear material present in a defined area of a facility and the use of physical inventories and materials balances to verify the presence of special nuclear materials are collectively known as materials accounting for nuclear safeguards. This manual, prepared as part of the resource materials for the Safeguards Technology Training Program of the US Department of Energy, addresses fundamental aspects of materials accounting, enriching and complementing them with the first-hand experiences of authors from varied disciplines. The topics range from highly technical subjects to site-specific system designs and policy discussions. This collection of papers is prepared by more than 25 professionals from the nuclear safeguards field. Representing research institutions, industries, and regulatory agencies, the authors create a unique resource for the annual course titled ''Materials Accounting for Nuclear Safeguards,'' which is offered at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Pillay, K.K.S. (comp.)

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Safeguards Policy and Implementation | Global and Regional Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safeguards Policy and Implementation Group Safeguards Policy and Implementation Group This group seeks to support the international safeguards capability of the US government and its objective to strengthen the International Atomic Energy Agency's safeguards through project management of key US programs, training in international safeguards, and the analysis, formulation and development of safeguards policy and technical analyses. This group brings the NNSD capabilities in international safeguards into one cohesive group. A major aspect of the work in this group is to support the safeguards activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This is critical because the IAEA faces many challenges such as essentially flat budgets, increasing work load as more nuclear facilities come on-line,

166

Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF) Oak Ridge National Laboratory approved ORNL's plan to conduct a Phase II Pilot Test titled Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale

167

Selection of Safeguards for Fuzzified Risk Management in Information Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the selection of failure transmission, preventive and palliative safeguards that minimize the maximum risk caused by ... the threats, and the effect induced by safeguards, can be valuated us...

Eloy Vicente; Alfonso Mateos…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Code of Conduct for Safeguarding Good Academic Practice and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Code of Conduct for Safeguarding Good Academic Practice and Procedures in Cases of Academic Misconduct Effective from 20 December 2013 This Code of Conduct is based on the Memorandum for Safeguarding

Heiz, Ulrich

169

Abstract 5089: Survivin safeguards chromosome numbers and protects from aneuploidy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...April 5-9, 2014; San Diego, CA Abstract 5089: Survivin safeguards chromosome numbers and protects from aneuploidy Ralf Wiedemuth...Evelin Schroeck, Gabriele Schackert, Achim Temme. Survivin safeguards chromosome numbers and protects from aneuploidy. [abstract...

Ralf Wiedemuth; Barbara Klink; Evelin Schroeck; Gabriele Schackert; Achim Temme

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Nondestructive Spent Fuel Assay Using Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Techniques for Nuclear Safeguards," LA-UR 09-01188, ANSessential for many nuclear safeguards applications, such asof the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative, NA-241 has

Quiter, Brian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Nuclear Materials Safeguards and Security Upgrade Project Completed...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safeguards and Security Upgrade Project Completed Under Budget | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering...

172

Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Safeguards and Security- October 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Evaluation to determine whether Safeguards and Security is continuing to perform at a level deserving DOE-VPP Star recognition.

173

Integrated international safeguards concepts for fuel reprocessing  

SciTech Connect

This report is the fourth in a series of efforts by the Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, to identify problems and propose solutions for international safeguarding of light-water reactor spent-fuel reprocessing plants. Problem areas for international safeguards were identified in a previous Problem Statement (LA-7551-MS/SAND79-0108). Accounting concepts that could be verified internationally were presented in a subsequent study (LA-8042). Concepts for containment/surveillance were presented, conceptual designs were developed, and the effectiveness of these designs was evaluated in a companion study (SAND80-0160). The report discusses the coordination of nuclear materials accounting and containment/surveillance concepts in an effort to define an effective integrated safeguards system. The Allied-General Nuclear Services fuels reprocessing plant at Barnwell, South Carolina, was used as the reference facility.

Hakkila, E.A.; Gutmacher, R.G.; Markin, J.T.; Shipley, J.P.; Whitty, W.J.; Camp, A.L.; Cameron, C.P.; Bleck, M.E.; Ellwein, L.B.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Policy Purpose of this Document  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Policy Purpose of this Document This document contains guidelines in university activities or visiting university premises. Author: Students in Classrooms & Safeguarding Children.0 Jamie Marshall January 2014 Added contents Amended e-safety Updated Safeguarding Officer Details Andy

Evans, Paul

175

Boston University Gramm-Leach-Bliley Safeguarding Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boston University Gramm-Leach-Bliley Safeguarding Program May 2003 Statement of Purpose The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act requires that the University implement a Safeguarding Program to (1) insure the security-Leach-Bliley Act covers the securing and safeguarding of data. Its requirements are additional to those

Xia, Yu "Brandon"

176

China in the World Trade Organization: Antidumping and Safeguards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China in the World Trade Organization: Antidumping and Safeguards Patrick A. Messerlin China finds itself in a unique situation on antidumping and safeguard issues. It is by far the main target Organization (WTO) accession protocol includes stringent antidumping and safeguard provisions that its trading

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

177

Lifetime-Aware Intrusion Detection under Safeguarding Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lifetime-Aware Intrusion Detection under Safeguarding Constraints Ali Iranli, Hanif Fatemi, Massoud in whereby first the safeguarding constraints are satisfied and then the scheduling problem is solved Detection under Safeguarding constraint (IDS) is the version of the problem that we are interested to extend

Pedram, Massoud

178

Safeguarding Animal Health FEDERAL RULES FOR THE CONTROL OF VHS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safeguarding Animal Health FEDERAL RULES FOR THE CONTROL OF VHS: WHERE ARE WE NOW AND WHERE ARE WE;Safeguarding Animal Health VHS Interim Rule · Interim Rule published September 9, 2008. · Open for comments to be addressed. · On January 2nd, 2009, implementation of the Rule was delayed indefinitely. #12;Safeguarding

179

NIH POLICY MANUAL 1345 -HANDLING AND SAFEGUARDING OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NIH POLICY MANUAL 1345 - HANDLING AND SAFEGUARDING OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES FOR NONHUMAN USE: This Chapter describes NIH policies and procedures for handling and safeguarding controlled substances and Safeguarding of Controlled Substances for Nonhuman Use A. Purpose This policy describes policies and procedures

Bandettini, Peter A.

180

Workshop-based Security Safeguard Selection with AURUM Thomas Neubauer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Workshop-based Security Safeguard Selection with AURUM Thomas Neubauer Vienna University functionality by introducing the AURUM Workshop, which allows the selection of efficient safeguards based approach is used for selecting safeguards. This paper extends the functionality of AURUM by introducing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Reactor monitoring and safeguards using antineutrino detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear reactors have served as the antineutrino source for many fundamental physics experiments. The techniques developed by these experiments make it possible to use these very weakly interacting particles for a practical purpose. The large flux of antineutrinos that leaves a reactor carries information about two quantities of interest for safeguards: the reactor power and fissile inventory. Measurements made with antineutrino detectors could therefore orer an alternative means for verifying the power history and fissile inventory of a reactors, as part of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and other reactor safeguards regimes. Several erorts to develop this monitoring technique are underway across the globe.

N S Bowden

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Allocation of inspection resources for international safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Increasing numbers and complexity of facilities inspected by the International Atomic Energy Agency will require difficult decisions about the levels of safeguards to be assigned to materials and facilities should limitations on inspection resources continue. This paper examines some alternative strategies for assigning inspection effort that could improve effectiveness and efficiency of safeguards compared with current inspection practice. These allocation concepts are: (1) extension of inspection planning to include material strata and accounting areas that encompass multiple facilities and (2) the use of randomization of the quality and frequency of inspections and inspection activities.

Markin, J.T.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Safeguards and Security Program Planning and Management  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The manual establishes program planning and management requirements for the Department’s Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program. Change 2 is a revision to Section M of both the Manual and the CRD to realign the process for establishing deviations from DOE directives containing safeguards and security requirements to reflect established Departmental policy as set forth in DOE O 251.1C. Original publication, 8-26-05; Chg 1, 3-7-06. Canceled by DOE O 470.4B

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

184

FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safeguards and Security Safeguards and Security FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-SafeguardsandSecurity.docx Description Safeguards and Security Qualification Card More Documents & Publications FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security

185

International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards after Iraq - some Austrailian perceptions  

SciTech Connect

Iraq`s nuclear weapons development program used facilities and nuclear material separate from its safeguarded activities. To detect such a strategy the IAEA`s safeguards inspectors need access to locations and information beyond that foreseen in NPT safeguards agreements. But the IAEA is short of money. And detecting undeclared activities could be expensive. If the IAEA can establish a capability to detect undeclared activities, then it might be able to save on regular safeguards. But it`s important not to put the cart before the horse - effective safeguards must come first, savings second.

Bardsley, J.; Carlson, J.; Hill, J.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

The Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Safeguards and Security | National Nuclear Security Safeguards and Security | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security Home > About Us > Our Programs > Nonproliferation > Nonproliferation & International Security > The Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security The Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security

187

Antineutrino reactor safeguards - a case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Antineutrinos have been proposed as a means of reactor safeguards for more than 30 years and there has been impressive experimental progress in neutrino detection. In this paper we conduct, for the first time, a case study of the application of antineutrino safeguards to a real-world scenario - the North Korean nuclear crisis in 1994. We derive detection limits to a partial or full core discharge in 1989 based on actual IAEA safeguards access and find that two independent methods would have yielded positive evidence for a second core with very high confidence. To generalize our results, we provide detailed estimates for the sensitivity to the plutonium content of various types of reactors, including most types of plutonium production reactors, based on detailed reactor simulations. A key finding of this study is that a wide class of reactors with a thermal power of less than 0.1-1 GWth can be safeguarded achieving IAEA goals for quantitative sensitivity and timeliness with detectors right outside the reactor ...

Christensen, Eric; Jaffke, Patrick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Advanced Safeguards Approaches for New Fast Reactors  

SciTech Connect

This third report in the series reviews possible safeguards approaches for new fast reactors in general, and the ABR in particular. Fast-neutron spectrum reactors have been used since the early 1960s on an experimental and developmental level, generally with fertile blanket fuels to “breed” nuclear fuel such as plutonium. Whether the reactor is designed to breed plutonium, or transmute and “burn” actinides depends mainly on the design of the reactor neutron reflector and the whether the blanket fuel is “fertile” or suitable for transmutation. However, the safeguards issues are very similar, since they pertain mainly to the receipt, shipment and storage of fresh and spent plutonium and actinide-bearing “TRU”-fuel. For these reasons, the design of existing fast reactors and details concerning how they have been safeguarded were studied in developing advanced safeguards approaches for the new fast reactors. In this regard, the design of the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II “EBR-II” at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) was of interest, because it was designed as a collocated fast reactor with a pyrometallurgical reprocessing and fuel fabrication line – a design option being considered for the ABR. Similarly, the design of the Fast Flux Facility (FFTF) on the Hanford Site was studied, because it was a successful prototype fast reactor that ran for two decades to evaluate fuels and the design for commercial-scale fast reactors.

Durst, Philip C.; Therios, Ike; Bean, Robert; Dougan, A.; Boyer, Brian; Wallace, Rick L.; Ehinger, Michael H.; Kovacic, Don N.; Tolk, K.

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

IBM Software Solution Brief Safeguarding the cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IBM Software Solution Brief Safeguarding the cloud with IBM Security solutions Maintain visibility and control with proven security solutions for public, private and hybrid clouds Highlights Address cloud internal and external users, data, applications and workloads as they move to and from the cloud Regain

190

New Measures to Safeguard Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect

As Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants (GCEPs) increase in separative work unit (SWU) capacity, the current International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) model safeguards approach needs to be strengthened. New measures to increase the effectiveness of the safeguards approach are being investigated that will be mutually beneficial to the facility operators and the IAEA. One of the key concepts being studied for application at future GCEPs is embracing joint use equipment for process monitoring of load cells at feed and withdrawal (F/W) stations. A mock F/W system was built at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to generate and collect F/W data from an analogous system. The ORNL system has been used to collect data representing several realistic normal process and off-normal (including diversion) scenarios. Emphasis is placed on the novelty of the analysis of data from the sensors as well as the ability to build information out of raw data, which facilitates a more effective and efficient verification process. This paper will provide a progress report on recent accomplishments and next steps.

Whitaker, Jr., James [ORNL; Garner, James R [ORNL; Whitaker, Michael [ORNL; Lockwood, Dunbar [U.S. Department of Energy, NNSA; Gilligan, Kimberly V [ORNL; Younkin, James R [ORNL; Hooper, David A [ORNL; Henkel, James J [ORNL; Krichinsky, Alan M [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Implications for advanced safeguards derived from PR&PP case study results  

SciTech Connect

The proliferation resistance and physical protection (PR and PP) working group produced a case study on the Example Sodium Fast Reactor (ESFR). The ESFR is a hypothetical nuclear energy system consisting of four sodium-cooled fast reactors of medium size collocated with an on-site dry fuel storage facility and a spent fuel reprocessing facility using pyroprocessing technology. This study revealed how safeguards would be applied at such site consisting of integrated multiple fuel cycle facilities and the implications of what safeguards technology and safeguards concepts would need to be adapted and developed to safeguard successfully this Generation IV nuclear energy system concept. The major safeguards concepts driving our safeguards analysis are timeliness goals and material quantity goals. Because the fresh transuranic (TRU) fuel to be produced in the ESFR fuel fabrication facility contains plutonium, the ESFR will be reprocessing, using in the reactor, and storing material on site that will have IAEA defined 'direct-use material' in it with stringent timeliness goals and material quantity goals that drive the safeguards implementation. Specifically, the TRU fresh fuel, pyroprocessing in process material, LWR spent fuel sent to the ESFR, and TRU spent fuel will contain plutonium. This material will need to be verified at interim intervals four times per year because the irradiated direct-use material, as defined previously, has three-month timeliness goals and 8 kg material quantity goals for plutonium. The TRU in-process material is, of course, irradiated direct-use material as defined by the IAEA. Keeping the plutonium and uranium together with TRu products should provide a radiation barrier. this radiation barrier slows down the ability to reprocess the fuel. Furthermore, the reprocessing technique, if it has some intrinsic proliferation resistance, will need major modifications to be able to separate plutonium from the uranium and TRU mixture. The ESFR design should have such features in it if it is seen to have intrinsic proliferation resistance. The technical difficulty in diverting material from the ESFR is at least as strongly impacted by the adversaries overall technical capabilities as it is by the effort required to overcome those barriers intrinsic to the nuclear fuel cycle. The intrinsic proliferation resistance of the ESFR will affect how extrinsic measures in the safeguards approach for the ESFR will provide overall proliferation resistance.

Boyer, Brian D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The Federal Endangered Species Act: Is Judicial Review Available to Safeguard against Agency Decisions Not To Enforce?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Available to Safeguard Against Agency Decisions NotUnlike persons who can safeguard their own rights throughupon judicial review as a safeguard against irrational and

Pham, Brandon L.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Overview of the Facility Safeguardability Analysis (FSA) Process  

SciTech Connect

The safeguards system of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) provides the international community with credible assurance that a State is fulfilling its nonproliferation obligations. The IAEA draws such conclusions from the evaluation of all available information. Effective and cost-efficient IAEA safeguards at the facility level are, and will remain, an important element of this “State-level” approach. Efficiently used, the Safeguards by Design (SBD) methodologies , , , now being developed can contribute to effective and cost-efficient facility-level safeguards. The Facility Safeguardability Assessment (FSA) introduced here supports SBD in three areas. 1. It describes necessary interactions between the IAEA, the State regulator, and the owner / designer of a new or modified facility to determine where SBD efforts can be productively applied, 2. It presents a screening approach intended to identify potential safeguard issues for; a) design changes to existing facilities; b) new facilities similar to existing facilities with approved safeguards approaches, and c) new designs, 3. It identifies resources (the FSA toolkit), such as good practice guides, design guidance, and safeguardability evaluation methods that can be used by the owner/designer to develop solutions for potential safeguards issues during the interactions with the State regulator and IAEA. FSA presents a structured framework for the application of the SBD tools developed in other efforts. The more a design evolves, the greater the probability that new safeguards issues could be introduced. Likewise, for first-of-a-kind facilities or research facilities that involve previously unused processes or technologies, it is reasonable to expect that a number of possible safeguards issues might exist. Accordingly, FSA is intended to help the designer and its safeguards experts identify early in the design process: • Areas where elements of previous accepted safeguards approach(es) may be applied to facility modifications or new designs • Modifications of the design that could mitigate a potential safeguards issue or facilitate a more efficient application of the safeguards approach • Possible innovative ideas for more efficient application of safeguards • The potential for changes in elements of the safeguard approach that may be required by IAEA as a result of facility design features and characteristics • Other potential concerns These issues will then be presented to the IAEA and the state regulator to be resolved in a timely manner, ensuring that the planned safeguards approach is acceptable and compatible with the facility design. The proposed approach should be validated by application to suitable facilities to assess its utility, comprehensiveness, and cost-effectiveness. The approach and example application should also be reviewed by industry to confirm the conclusions reached in the DOE review.

Bari, Robert A.; Hockert, John; Wonder, Edward F.; Johnson, Shirley J.; Wigeland, Roald; Zentner, Michael D.

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

194

Education in Safeguards and Security Technology Meeting Challenges with Technology and Experience  

SciTech Connect

Education and hands-on experience are crucial to ensuring a workforce of safeguards and security professionals who can meet the challenges currently faced in global nuclear safeguards and security. Global demand for nuclear energy and technology, the new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), and the cleanup of Cold War facilities have resulted in an increased need for trained safeguards and security personnel. At the same time, the global community is facing a growing shortage of experienced workers with hands-on knowledge of nuclear material processing. Limited access to operating facilities has dramatically reduced the opportunities for next-generation practitioners to obtain hands-on training experience. To address these needs, the Safeguards Technology Integration Center (STIC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory was created as a Department of Energy User Facility to provide access both to the latest technology and to field-experienced professionals. The STIC provides real-world conditions, process equipment mock-ups, and controlled access to encapsulated radioactive materials (including highly enriched uranium and plutonium) for training and technology evaluation encompassing various techniques and skills, such as Radiation Inspection Systems, Containment and Surveillance Systems, Nondestructive Assay, Security System Performance Testing, and System Design and Analysis. The STIC facilities, laboratories, test beds, and training facilities are described along with the more notable aspects of the training program, which has included more than 1000 participants in the last four years.

Paschal, Linda J [ORNL; Chapman, Jeffrey Allen [ORNL; Rowe, Nathan C [ORNL; Stinson, Brad J [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Implementation of Safeguards and Security Policy Panels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5,2008 5,2008 MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION FROM URITY OFFICER AND SECURITY SUBJECT: Implementation of Safeguards and Security Policy Panels The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) recognizes the importance of well- conceived strategies and policies to support and communicate the security posture of the Department. In order for our security policies to properly reflect and enable Department of Energy corporate strategies, early and frequent communication between policy makers and end users is essential. As outlined in the attached HSS memo, dated December 3,2007, subject: Safeguards and Security Policy Panels, the HSS Office of Security Policy is establishing several new policy panels that will create new opportunities for communication and will include those

196

Safeguards and Security and Cyber Security RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safeguards and Security and Safeguards and Security and Cyber Security Review Module March 2010 CD- -0 OFFICE O S CD-1 OF ENVIRO Standard Safeguar and Cy Rev Critical D CD-2 M ONMENTA Review Pla rds and S yber Secu view Modul Decision (CD CD March 2010 AL MANAG an (SRP) Security urity le D) Applicabili D-3 GEMENT ity CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-

197

Disability rights: the need for safeguard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Persons with disabilities have since suffered so much violation of their human rights due to various reasons one of which is the tardy response of the Nigerian federal legislature in enacting a disability law. These most vulnerable groups are currently exposed to frequent abuses from different quarters because of the absence of a specific legal framework to safeguard their human rights. The Nigerian constitution which is the only domestic law guaranteeing its citizens' fundamental rights is however limited in scope as it does not address disability rights specifically. Considering the above, this paper will take an in-depth look at the common forms of violations or barriers faced by disabled persons in the society and the grave effect of such violations. Practicable and concrete recommendations that will help safeguard the inherent dignity of these vulnerable groups will then be proffered.

Barnabas Chinaedu Diala

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT ON THE DUPIC SAFEGUARDS SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

A safeguards system has been developed since 1993 in the course of supporting a fuel cycle process to fabricate CANDU fuel with spent PWR fuel (known as Direct Use of PWR spent fuel In CANDU, DUPIC). The major safeguards technology involved here was to design and fabricate a neutron coincidence counting system for process accountability, and also an unattended continuous monitoring system in association with independent verification by the IAEA. This combined technology was to produce information of nuclear material content and to maintain knowledge of the continuity of nuclear material flow. In addition to hardware development, diagnosis software is being developed to assist data acquisition, data review, and data evaluation based on a neural network system on the IAEA C/S system.

H. KIM; H. CHA; ET AL

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Safeguarding Children — Pediatric Research on Medical Countermeasures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...children from unnecessary risks. Medical countermeasure research warrants an ongoing national conversation to ensure an unwavering commitment to safeguard all children both from unacceptable risks in research and through research promoting their health and well-being. The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues has concluded that before pediatric trials of anthrax vaccine can be considered in the absence of an outbreak or attack, further steps must be taken, including additional research in adults, to reduce risks to participating children.

Gutmann A.

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

200

Use of curium spontaneous fission neutrons for safeguardability of remotely-handled nuclear facilities: Fuel fabrication in pyroprocessing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Advanced nuclear reactor systems (NESs) will utilize remotely-handled facilities in which batch-type processing will occur in hot cells. There are no current formalized criteria for International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards for these systems. This creates new challenges to develop methodologies for demonstrating the safeguardability of these facilities. A High Reliability Safeguards (HRS) approach therefore has been proposed to enhance intrinsic proliferation resistance by establishing an envelope of adaptable functional components as part of a facility design strategy. Additionally, system assessment can be modeled concurrently with safety and physical security by a risk-informed approach. The HRS approach is currently applied to a commercial pyroprocessing facility as an example system. A scoping study is presented as the first in a series of quantitative modeling efforts to extend the HRS approach. These efforts currently focus on investigating the magnitude of neutron fluxes due to spontaneous fission of curium for commercial batch sizes and held up materials for important processes in the system. Here, the fuel fabrication process is studied. The intent of these initial studies is to learn how the intrinsic properties of materials in the pyroprocessing system will affect facility design and safeguards. The model presented in this paper is intended to be adaptable to more practical and complex scenarios in order to evaluate the safeguardability of remotely-handled nuclear facilities.

R.A. Borrelli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Information Technology Requirement NASA Rules and Consequences Policy Relative to Safeguarding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Technology Requirement NASA Rules and Consequences Policy Relative to Safeguarding Rules and Consequences Policy Relative to Safeguarding Personally Identifiable Information (PII) 1 procedures for handling PII are trained and are compliant with policies and procedures for safeguarding PII

Christian, Eric

202

FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safeguards and Security General Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-SafeguardsandSecurityGTB.docx Description Safeguards and Security General Technical Base Qualification Card

203

Comprehensive safeguards evaluation methods and societal risk analysis  

SciTech Connect

Essential capabilities of an integrated evaluation methodology for analyzing safeguards systems are discussed. Such a methodology must be conceptually meaningful, technically defensible, discriminating and consistent. A decompostion of safeguards systems by function is mentioned as a possible starting point for methodology development. The application of a societal risk equation to safeguards systems analysis is addressed. Conceptual problems with this approach are discussed. Technical difficulties in applying this equation to safeguards systems are illustrated through the use of confidence intervals, information content, hypothesis testing and ranking and selection procedures.

Richardson, J.M.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Safeguards and Security for Program and Project Management  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The Guide provides a methodology for implementing the safeguards and security requirements of DOE O 413.3B. Cancels DOE G 413.3-3.

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

FAQS Reference Guide – Safeguards and Security General Technical Base  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the July 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1123-2009, Safeguards and Security General Technical Base Qualification Standard.

206

MEMORANDUM FOR KARL E. GOODWIN DIRECTOR SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 April9 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR KARL E. GOODWIN DIRECTOR SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY * FROM: . INES R. TRIAY ) ASSISTANTSECRETARYFOR -(:r"' ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SUBJECT:...

207

Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Safeguards and Security- August 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Evaluation to determine whether Safeguards and Security at Hanford is continuing to perform at a level deserving DOE-VPP Star recognition.

208

Safeguards and Security for Program and Project Management -...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3A, Safeguards and Security for Program and Project Management by Ruben Sanchez Functional areas: Program Management, Property Management, Safety and Security The Guide provides a...

209

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Security FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of:...

210

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification...

211

Mission Support Alliance LLC Safeguards and Security Hanford...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mission Support Alliance, LLC Safeguards and Security Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program Merit Review August 23, 2012 Background: Located in Richland, Washington,...

212

Promising start, bleak outlook: The role of Ghana's modified taungya system as a social safeguard in timber legality processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Modified Taungya System (MTS) is a strategy employed by the Ghana Government to restore forest cover, address timber deficits and contribute to rural livelihoods. Under the scheme, farmers combine tree planting and maintenance with the cultivation of food crops until tree canopy closure. This paper aims to generate lessons from the MTS with respect to its role as a social safeguard against the likely adverse impacts of the implementation of the Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) between Ghana and the EU to combat illegal logging, using the six social safeguard dimensions identified by the IoI Project Team (2010). It addresses the question of what the major dimensions of social safeguards are and how the MTS does relate to these characteristics. Based on a survey of 146 MTS farmers and qualitative methods, results revealed that the MTS potentially meets several of the social safeguard mechanisms distinguished by the IoI Project Team (legal security for forest users, soft law enforcement by creating incentives for adaptation, benefit sharing, capacity building, alternative livelihoods/employment and expanding the resource base). The most promising of these is based on the expansion of areas with planted trees that will become available as legal timber in the future. However, the potential safeguards will only materialise if several institutional and management challenges are addressed.

Mirjam A.F. Ros-Tonen; Thomas F.G. Insaidoo; Emmanuel Acheampong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A SAFEGUARDED DUAL WEIGHTED RESIDUAL METHOD RICARDO H. NOCHETTO, ANDREAS VEESER, AND MARCO VERANI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SAFEGUARDED DUAL WEIGHTED RESIDUAL METHOD RICARDO H. NOCHETTO, ANDREAS VEESER, AND MARCO VERANI safeguarded by additional asymptotically higher order a posteriori terms. In particular, the enhanced

Nochetto, Ricardo H.

214

Safeguards Guidance Document for Designers of Commercial Nuclear Facilities: International Nuclear Safeguards Requirements and Practices For Uranium Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect

This report is the second in a series of guidelines on international safeguards requirements and practices, prepared expressly for the designers of nuclear facilities. The first document in this series is the description of generic international nuclear safeguards requirements pertaining to all types of facilities. These requirements should be understood and considered at the earliest stages of facility design as part of a new process called “Safeguards-by-Design.” This will help eliminate the costly retrofit of facilities that has occurred in the past to accommodate nuclear safeguards verification activities. The following summarizes the requirements for international nuclear safeguards implementation at enrichment plants, prepared under the Safeguards by Design project, and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of NA-243. The purpose of this is to provide designers of nuclear facilities around the world with a simplified set of design requirements and the most common practices for meeting them. The foundation for these requirements is the international safeguards agreement between the country and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pursuant to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Relevant safeguards requirements are also cited from the Safeguards Criteria for inspecting enrichment plants, found in the IAEA Safeguards Manual, Part SMC-8. IAEA definitions and terms are based on the IAEA Safeguards Glossary, published in 2002. The most current specification for safeguards measurement accuracy is found in the IAEA document STR-327, “International Target Values 2000 for Measurement Uncertainties in Safeguarding Nuclear Materials,” published in 2001. For this guide to be easier for the designer to use, the requirements have been restated in plainer language per expert interpretation using the source documents noted. The safeguards agreement is fundamentally a legal document. As such, it is written in a legalese that is understood by specialists in international law and treaties, but not by most outside of this field, including designers of nuclear facilities. For this reason, many of the requirements have been simplified and restated. However, in all cases, the relevant source document and passage is noted so that readers may trace the requirement to the source. This is a helpful living guide, since some of these requirements are subject to revision over time. More importantly, the practices by which the requirements are met are continuously modernized by the IAEA and nuclear facility operators to improve not only the effectiveness of international nuclear safeguards, but also the efficiency. As these improvements are made, the following guidelines should be updated and revised accordingly.

Robert Bean; Casey Durst

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Nexus of technologies : international safeguards, physical protection and arms control.  

SciTech Connect

New technologies have been, and are continuing to be, developed for Safeguards, Arms Control, and Physical Protection. Application spaces and technical requirements are evolving - Overlaps are developing. Lessons learned from IAEA's extensive experience could benefit other communities. Technologies developed for other applications may benefit Safeguards - Inherent cost benefits and improvements in procurement security processes.

Jordan, Sabina Erteza; Blair, Dianna Sue; Smartt, Heidi Anne

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

International Gathering Plans Ways To Safeguard Atmospheric Ozone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

International Gathering Plans Ways To Safeguard Atmospheric Ozone ... Everyone's for it, as was evidenced in Helsinki recently where senior government officials from more than 80 countries, together with delegates representing many interested groups and organizations, attended a week-long meeting to seek ways of safeguarding it. ...

DERMOT A. O'SULLIVAN

1989-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

217

Safeguards and security status report, August 1981-January 1982  

SciTech Connect

From August 1981 through January 1982, the Los Alamos Safeguards and Security Program was involved in many activities that are described in the four parts of this report: Nuclear Facility Safeguards Support, Security Development and Support, Safeguards Technology Development, and International Support. Part 1 covers those efforts of direct assistance to the Department of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensee facilities. This assistance varies from consultation on materials accounting problems, through development of specialized techniques and devices, to comprehensive participation in the design and implementation of advanced safeguards systems. In addition, a series of training courses in various aspects of safeguards helps make the technology more accessible to those who must apply it. Part 2 concerns a relatively new set of activities at Los Alamos aimed at the security of information and computer systems. The focus this period has been on furthering the development of the Computer Security Center, which provides the basis for encouraging and disseminating the emerging technology. Part 3 describes the development efforts that are essential to continued improvements in the practice of safeguards. Although these projects are properly classified as developmental, in every case they are directed ultimately at recognized problems that commonly occur in operating facilities. Finally, Part 4 covers international safeguards activities, including both support to the International Atomic Energy Agency and bilateral exchanges. In addition, enrichment plant safeguards, especially those concerning the Gaseous Centrifuge Enrichment Plant, required a significant portion of our resources. These efforts are beginning to provide substantial returns on our investment in technology transfer.

Shipley, J.P. (comp.)

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor Control System PIA, Oak Ridge Operations Office ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor Control System PIA, Oak Ridge Operations Office ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor Control System PIA, Oak Ridge Operations Office ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor Control System PIA, Oak Ridge Operations Office More Documents & Publications Occupational Medicine - Assistant PIA, Idaho National Laboratory ORO Verification of Employment Tracking System(VETS) PIA, Oak ridge Operations Office iManage Strategic Integrated Procurement Enterprise System (STRIPES) PIA, Office of Procurement and Assistance Management

219

Safeguards and nonproliferation aspects of a dry fuel recycling technology  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory undertook an independent assessment of the proliferation potentials and safeguardability of a dry fuel recycling technology, whereby spent pressurized-water reactor (PWR) fuels are used to fuel canadian deuterium uranium (CANDU) reactors. Objectives of this study included (1) the evaluation of presently available technologies that may be useful to safeguard technology options for dry fuel recycling (2) and identification of near-term and long-term research needs to develop process-specific safeguards requirements. The primary conclusion of this assessment is that like all other fuel cycle alternatives proposed in the past, the dry fuel recycle entails prolfferation risks and that there are no absolute technical fixes to eliminate such risks. This study further concludes that the proliferation risks of dry fuel recycling options are relatively minimal and presently known safeguards systems and technologies can be modified and/or adapted to meet the requirements of safeguarding such fuel recycle facilities.

Pillay, K.K.S.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Safeguards and security progress report, January-December 1985  

SciTech Connect

From January to December 1985, the Los Alamos Safeguards and Security Program was involved in the activities described in the first four parts of this report: Safeguards Operations, Security Development and Support, Safeguards Technology Development, and International Support. Part 1 covers efforts of direct assistance to the Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensee facilities. This assistance includes consultation on materials accounting problems, development and demonstration of specialized techniques and instruments, and comprehensive participation in the design and evaluation of advanced safeguards systems. In addition, a series of training courses in various aspects of safeguards makes the technology more accessible to those who must apply it. Part 2 treats activities aimed at the security of information and computer systems. Our focus this period was on continuing the activities of the Center for Computer Security, which provides the basis for encouraging and disseminating this emerging technology, and on the development and demonstration of secure computer systems. Part 3 describes the broad development efforts essential to continuing improvements in the practice of safeguards. Although these projects are properly classified as developmental, they address recognized problems that commonly occur in operating facilities. Finally, Part 4 covers international safeguards activities, including both support to the International Atomic Energy Agency and bilateral exchanges. Enrichment plant safeguards and international safeguards for reprocessing plants required a significant portion of our resources. All of these efforts are beginning to provide substantial returns on our investment in technology transfer, not only in raising the level of safeguards effectiveness but also in our benefiting from field experiences in operating environments.

Not Available

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A colalborative environment for information driven safeguards  

SciTech Connect

For two decades, the IAEA has recognized the need for a comprehensive and strongly integrated Knowledge Management system to support its Information Driven Safeguards activities. In the past, plans for the development of such a system have progressed slowly due to concerns over costs and feasibility. In recent years, Los Alamos National Laboratory has developed a knowledge management system that could serve as the basis for an IAEA Collaborative Environment (ICE). The ICE derivative knowledge management system described in this paper addresses the challenge of living in an era of information overload coupled with certain knowledge shortfalls. The paper describes and defines a system that is flexible, yet ensures coordinated and focused collaboration, broad data evaluation capabilities, architected and organized work flows, and improved communications. The paper and demonstration of ICE will utilize a hypothetical scenario to highlight the functional features that facilitate collaboration amongst and between information analysts and inspectors. The scenario will place these two groups into a simulated planning exercise for a safeguards inspection drawing upon past data acquisitions, inspection reports, analyst conclusions, and a coordinated walk-through of a 3-D model of the facility. Subsequent to the conduct of the simulated facility inspection, the detection of an anomaly and pursuit of follow up activities will illustrate the event notification, information sharing, and collaborative capabilities of the system. The use of a collaborative environment such as ICE to fulfill the complicated knowledge management demands of the Agency and facilitate the completion of annual State Evaluation Reports will also be addressed.

Scott, Mark R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Michel, Kelly D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

222

Electrochemically Modulated Separation for Plutonium Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Accurate and timely analysis of plutonium in spent nuclear fuel is critical in nuclear safeguards for detection of both protracted and rapid plutonium diversions. Gamma spectroscopy is a viable method for accurate and timely measurements of plutonium provided that the plutonium is well separated from the interfering fission and activation products present in spent nuclear fuel. Electrochemically modulated separation (EMS) is a method that has been used successfully to isolate picogram amounts of Pu from nitric acid matrices. With EMS, Pu adsorption may be turned "on" and "off" depending on the applied voltage, allowing for collection and stripping of Pu without the addition of chemical reagents. In this work, we have scaled up the EMS process to isolate microgram quantities of Pu from matrices encountered in spent nuclear fuel during reprocessing. Several challenges have been addressed including surface area limitations, radiolysis effects, electrochemical cell performance stability, and chemical interferences. After these challenges were resolved, 6 µg Pu was deposited in the electrochemical cell with approximately an 800-fold reduction of fission and activation product levels from a spent nuclear fuel sample. Modeling showed that these levels of Pu collection and interference reduction may not be sufficient for Pu detection by gamma spectroscopy. The main remaining challenges are to achieve a more complete Pu isolation and to deposit larger quantities of Pu for successful gamma analysis of Pu. If gamma analyses of Pu are successful, EMS will allow for accurate and timely on-site analysis for enhanced Pu safeguards.

Pratt, Sandra H.; Breshears, Andrew T.; Arrigo, Leah M.; Schwantes, Jon M.; Duckworth, Douglas C.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

223

Terminating Safeguards on Excess Special Nuclear Material: Defense TRU Waste Clean-up and Nonproliferation - 12426  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) manages defense nuclear material that has been determined to be excess to programmatic needs and declared waste. When these wastes contain plutonium, they almost always meet the definition of defense transuranic (TRU) waste and are thus eligible for disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The DOE operates the WIPP in a manner that physical protections for attractiveness level D or higher special nuclear material (SNM) are not the normal operating condition. Therefore, there is currently a requirement to terminate safeguards before disposal of these wastes at the WIPP. Presented are the processes used to terminate safeguards, lessons learned during the termination process, and how these approaches might be useful for future defense TRU waste needing safeguards termination prior to shipment and disposal at the WIPP. Also described is a new criticality control container, which will increase the amount of fissile material that can be loaded per container, and how it will save significant taxpayer dollars. Retrieval, compliant packaging and shipment of retrievably stored legacy TRU waste has dominated disposal operations at WIPP since it began operations 12 years ago. But because most of this legacy waste has successfully been emplaced in WIPP, the TRU waste clean-up focus is turning to newly-generated TRU materials. A major component will be transuranic SNM, currently managed in safeguards-protected vaults around the weapons complex. As DOE and NNSA continue to consolidate and shrink the weapons complex footprint, it is expected that significant quantities of transuranic SNM will be declared surplus to the nation's needs. Safeguards termination of SNM varies due to the wide range of attractiveness level of the potential material that may be directly discarded as waste. To enhance the efficiency of shipping waste with high TRU fissile content to WIPP, DOE designed an over-pack container, similar to the pipe component, called the criticality control over-pack, which will significantly enhance the efficiency of disposal. Hundreds of shipments of transuranic SNM, suitably packaged to meet WIPP waste acceptance criteria and with safeguards terminated have been successfully emplaced at WIPP (primarily from the Rocky Flats site clean-up) since WIPP opened. DOE expects that thousands more may eventually result from SNM consolidation efforts throughout the weapons complex. (authors)

Hayes, Timothy [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Carlsbad Operations Group (United States); Nelson, Roger [Department Of Energy, Carlsbad Operations Office (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Safeguards and security progress report, January-December 1984  

SciTech Connect

From January to December 1984, the Los Alamos Safeguards and Security Program was involved in the activities described in the first four parts of this report: Nuclear Facility Support, Security Development and Support, Safeguards Technology Development, and International Safeguards. Part 1 covers efforts of direct assistance to the Department of Energy (DOE) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensee facilities. Part 2 treats activities aimed at the security of information and computer systems. was Part 3 describes the broad development efforts essential to continuing improvements in the practice of safeguards. Although these projects are properly classified as developmental, they address recognized problems that commonly occur in operating facilities. Finally, Part 4 covers international safeguards activities, including both support to the International Atomic Energy Agency and bilateral exchanges. Enrichment plant safeguards, especially those concerning the Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant, required a significant portion of our resources. These efforts are beginning to provide substantial returns on our investment in technology transfer, not only in raising the level of safeguards effectiveness but also in benefiting from field experiences in operating environments.

Smith, D.B. (comp.)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

The European Safeguards Research and Development Association Addresses Safeguards and Nonproliferation  

SciTech Connect

The renaissance of efforts to expand the use of nuclear energy requires the parallel development of a renewed and more sophisticated work force. Growth in the nuclear sector with high standard of safety, safeguards and security requires skilled staff for design, operations, inspections etc. High-quality nuclear technology educational programs are diminished from past years, and the ability of universities to attract students and to meet future staffing requirements of the nuclear industry is becoming seriously compromised. Thus, education and training in nuclear engineering and sciences is one of the cornerstones for the nuclear sector. Teaching in the nuclear field still seems strongly influenced by national history but it is time to strengthen resources and collaborate. Moreover with the current nuclear security threats it becomes critical that nuclear technology experts master the basic principles not only of safety, but also of nuclear safeguards, nonproliferation and nuclear security. In Europe the European Nuclear Education Network (ENEN) Association has established the certificate 'European Master of Science in Nuclear Engineering (EMSNE)' as the classic nuclear engineering program covering reactor operation and nuclear safety. However, it does not include courses on nonproliferation, safeguards, or dual-use technologies. The lack of education in nuclear safeguards was tackled by the European Safeguards Research and Development Association (ESARDA), through development and implementation of safeguards course modules. Since 2005 the ESARDA Working Group, called the Training and Knowledge Management Working Group, (TKMWG) has worked with the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in Ispra, Italy to organize a Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation course. This five-day course is held each spring at the JRC, and continues to show increasing interest as evidenced by the positive responses of international lecturers and students. The standard set of lectures covers a broad range of subjects, including nuclear material accountancy principles, legal definitions and the regulatory base and inspection tools and techniques. This 60% core part is given by representatives from regulatory bodies (The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety, Directorate General for Nuclear Energy and Transport), industry (AREVA, British Nuclear Group), and research (Stockholm University, Hamburg University, Joint Research Centre-Institute of Transuranic Elements, and Joint Research Centre-Institute for the Protection of the Citizen). The remaining part is completed with topical lectures addressed by invited lecturers, such as from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the IAEA addressing topics of physical protection, illicit trafficking, the Iraq case study, exercises, including satellite imagery interpretation etc. With this structure of a stable core plus a variable set of invited lectures, the course will remain sustainable and up-to-date. A syllabus provides the students a homogeneous set of information material in nuclear safeguards and nonproliferation matters at the European and international level. In this way, the ESARDA TKMWG aims to contribute to a two-fold scientific-technical and political-juridical education and training.

Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Kusumi, R.; Daures, Pascal A.; Janssens, Willem; Dickman, Deborah A.

2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

226

Safeguards Approaches for Black Box Processes or Facilities  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to determine whether a safeguards approach can be developed for “black box” processes or facilities. These are facilities where a State or operator may limit IAEA access to specific processes or portions of a facility; in other cases, the IAEA may be prohibited access to the entire facility. The determination of whether a black box process or facility is safeguardable is dependent upon the details of the process type, design, and layout; the specific limitations on inspector access; and the restrictions placed upon the design information that can be provided to the IAEA. This analysis identified the necessary conditions for safeguardability of black box processes and facilities.

Diaz-Marcano, Helly; Gitau, Ernest TN; Hockert, John; Miller, Erin; Wylie, Joann

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

227

Safeguards and Security Functional Area Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-2009 1-2009 May 2009 DOE STANDARD SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1171-2009 ii This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-STD-1171-2009 iii APPROVAL The Federal Technical Capability Panel consists of senior U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) managers responsible for overseeing the Federal Technical Capability Program. This Panel is responsible for reviewing and approving the qualification standard for Department-wide

228

Apparatus for safeguarding a radiological source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tamper detector is provided for safeguarding a radiological source that is moved into and out of a storage location through an access porthole for storage and use. The radiological source is presumed to have an associated shipping container approved by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission for transporting the radiological source. The tamper detector typically includes a network of sealed tubing that spans at least a portion of the access porthole. There is an opening in the network of sealed tubing that is large enough for passage therethrough of the radiological source and small enough to prevent passage therethrough of the associated shipping cask. Generally a gas source connector is provided for establishing a gas pressure in the network of sealed tubing, and a pressure drop sensor is provided for detecting a drop in the gas pressure below a preset value.

Bzorgi, Fariborz M

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

229

Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS)  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS) which is sponsored by the Department of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The system serves national security and program management interests, and international interests in the programs for the peaceful application of nuclear energy and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Within the scope of the NMMSS are found all nuclear materials applied and controlled under United States law and related international agreements, including U.S. nuclear materials production programs and US private nuclear industrial activities. In addition, its national and international scope enables it to provide services to other organizations such as the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, the Department of State, and the US Congress.

Jacobsen, S.E.; Matthews, W.B. III; McKamy, E.D.; Pedigo, R.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-STD-1171 DOE-STD-1171 Safeguards and Security FAQ Step 1 Identify and evaluate tasks - Develop a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job. o A great starting point is the list of Duties and Responsibilities from the FAQS. o Give careful thought to additional tasks that could be considered. o Don't worry about deleting tasks at this point - that is a part of the process further down. - List the tasks (and their sources, e.g., Duties and Responsibilities #1) in the chart below. - Discuss each task as a group and come to a consensus pertaining to Importance and Frequency of the task (i.e., each team member can consent to the assigned value, even if they don't exactly agree with it). - When all values have been assigned, consider as a group deleting tasks that receive

231

Safeguards for nuclear material transparency monitoring  

SciTech Connect

The US and the Russian Federation are currently engaged in negotiating or implementing several nuclear arms and nuclear material control agreements. These involve placing nuclear material in specially designed containers within controlled facilities. Some of the agreements require the removal of nuclear components from stockpile weapons. These components are placed in steel containers that are then sealed and tagged. Current strategies for monitoring the agreements involve taking neutron and gamma radiation measurements of components in their containers to monitor the presence, mass, and composition of plutonium or highly enriched uranium, as well as other attributes that indicate the use of the material in a weapon. If accurate enough to be useful, these measurements will yield data containing information about the design of the weapon being monitored. In each case, the design data are considered sensitive by one or both parties to the agreement. To prevent the disclosure of this information in a bilateral or trilateral inspection scenario, so-called information barriers have evolved. These barriers combine hardware, software, and procedural safeguards to contain the sensitive data within a protected volume, presenting to the inspector only the processed results needed for verification. Interlocks and volatile memory guard against disclosure in case of failure. Implementing these safeguards requires innovation in radiation measurement instruments and data security. Demonstrating their reliability requires independent testing to uncover any flaws in design. This study discusses the general problem and gives a proposed solution for a high resolution gamma ray detection system. It uses historical examples to illustrate the evolution of other successful systems.

MacArthur, D A; Wolford, J K

1999-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

232

"Against the real dangers of modern life the home is no safeguard": Examining Spheres of Affect and Coercion in the Home in Nineteenth Century California Literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modern life the home is no safeguard”: Examining Spheres ofmodern life the home is no safeguard”: Examining Spheres ofmodern life the home is no safeguard,” expresses a sentiment

Tejeda, Carla Alicia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Characterization of the neutron source term and multiplicity of a spent fuel assembly in support of NSDA safeguards of spent nuclear fuel  

SciTech Connect

The gross neutron signal (GNS) is being considered as part of a fingerprinting or neutron balance approach to safeguards of spent nuclear fuel (SNF). Because the GNS is composed of many derivative components, understanding the time-dependent contribution of these derivative components is crucial to gauging the limitations of these approaches. The major components of the GNS are ({alpha}, n), spontaneous fission (SF), and multiplication neutrons. A methodology was developed to link MCNPX burnup output files to SOURCES4C input files for the purpose of automatically generating both the ({alpha}, n) and SF signals. Additional linking capabilities were developed to write MCNPX multiplication input files using the data obtained from the SOURCES4C output files. In this paper, the following are presented: (1) the relative contributions by source nuclide to the ({alpha}, n) signal as a function of initial enrichment/burnup/cooling time; (2) the relative contributions by source nuclide to the SF signal as a function of initial enrichment/burnup/cooling time; (3) the relative contributions by reaction type ({alpha},n vs. SF) to the GNS; and (4) the multiplication of the GNS as a function of initial enrichment/burnup/cooling time/counting environment. By developing these technologies to characterize the GNS, we can better evaluate the viability of the GNS fingerprint and neutron balance concepts for SNF.

Richard, Joshua G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fensin, Michael L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tobin, Stephen J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Baciak, James [UNIV OF FL.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Memorandum, Safeguards & Security Policy Panels - February 15, 2008 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum, Safeguards & Security Policy Panels - February 15, 2008 Memorandum, Safeguards & Security Policy Panels - February 15, 2008 Memorandum, Safeguards & Security Policy Panels - February 15, 2008 February 15, 2008 As outlined in the attached HSS memo, dated December 3,2007, subject: Safeguards and Security Policy Panels, the HSS Office of Security Policy is establishing several new policy panels that will create new opportunities for communication and will include those current active groups that are now effectively promoting cominunications in theirsafeguards and security topical areas. The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) recognizes the importance of well conceived strategies and policies to support and communicate the security posture of the Department. In order for our security policies to

235

FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-SafeguardsandSecurityGTB.docx Description Safeguards and Security General Technical Base Qualification Card

236

Denial of ‘Fair Trial’ Safeguards and United States Forces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this chapter is to consider what redress a United States serviceman may have under international law and United States domestic law if he is denied a “fair trial” safeguard by a NATO country. Its t...

Robert B. Ellert

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Legal safeguards for privacy and data protection in ambient intelligence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To get the maximum benefit from ambient intelligence (AmI), we need to anticipate and react to possible drawbacks and threats emerging from the new technologies in order to devise appropriate safeguards. The SWAM...

Paul De Hert; Serge Gutwirth; Anna Moscibroda…

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

US Safeguards on Steel and the Markups of European Producers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is among the first to explore the microeconomic impacts of a trade policy on foreign firms. We empirically investigate the effects of the US safeguard protection of steel imports in 2002 on ... conside...

Hylke Vandenbussche; Ziga Zarnic

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Advanced integrated safeguards using front-end-triggering devices  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses potential uses of front-end-triggering devices for enhanced safeguards. Such systems incorporate video surveillance as well as radiation and other sensors. Also covered in the report are integration issues and analysis techniques.

Howell, J.A.; Whitty, W.J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Automotive high-voltage electrical system with integrated safeguard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For several years the use of higher system voltages has been a topic in the automotive industry. Whether for hybrid or conventional vehicles, safeguards are required which protect both the vehicle...

Thomas Flottmann

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Support for new US bill to safeguard country's drug supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The proposed 'Drug Safety and Accountability Act' would establish quality standards for the FDA, pharmaceutical firms and their contractors, who are increasingly based overseas where safeguards may be lower than ...

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Safeguards for Uranium Extraction (UREX) +1a Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and safeguard measures to be implemented were established. Diversion and acquisition pathways were considered; however, the analysis focuses mainly on diversion paths. The detection systems used in the design have the ability to provide near real...

Feener, Jessica S.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

243

Review of selected dynamic material control functions for international safeguards  

SciTech Connect

With the development of Dynamic Special Nuclear Material Accounting and Control systems used in nuclear manufacturing and reprocessing plants, there arises the question as to how these systems affect the IAEA inspection capabilities. The systems in being and under development provide information and control for a variety of purposes important to the plant operator, the safeguards purpose being one of them. This report attempts to judge the usefulness of these dynamic systems to the IAEA and have defined 12 functions that provide essential information to it. If the information acquired by these dynamic systems is to be useful to the IAEA, the inspectors must be able to independently verify it. Some suggestions are made as to how this might be done. But, even if it should not be possible to verify all the data, the availability to the IAEA of detailed, simultaneous, and plant-wide information would tend to inhibit a plant operator from attempting to generate a floating or fictitious inventory. Suggestions are made that might be helpful in the design of future software systems, an area which has proved to be fatally deficient in some systems and difficult in all.

Lowry, L.L.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Enhanced AFCI Sampling, Analysis, and Safeguards Technology Review  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this study includes the investigation of sampling technologies used in industry and their potential application to nuclear fuel processing. The goal is to identify innovative sampling methods using state of the art techniques that could evolve into the next generation sampling and analysis system for metallic elements. Sampling and analysis of nuclear fuel recycling plant processes is required both to monitor the operations and ensure Safeguards and Security goals are met. In addition, environmental regulations lead to additional samples and analysis to meet licensing requirements. The volume of samples taken by conventional means, can restrain productivity while results samples are analyzed, require process holding tanks that are sized to meet analytical issues rather than process issues (and that create a larger facility footprint), or, in some cases, simply overwhelm analytical laboratory capabilities. These issues only grow when process flowsheets propose new separations systems and new byproduct material for transmutation purposes. Novel means of streamlining both sampling and analysis are being evaluated to increase the efficiency while meeting all requirements for information. This report addresses just a part of the effort to develop and study novel methods by focusing on the sampling and analysis of aqueous samples for metallic elements. It presents an overview of the sampling requirements, including frequency, sensitivity, accuracy, and programmatic drivers, to demonstrate the magnitude of the task. The sampling and analysis system needed for metallic element measurements is then discussed, and novel options being applied to other industrial analytical needs are presented. Inductively coupled mass spectrometry instruments are the most versatile for metallic element analyses and are thus chosen as the focus for the study. Candidate novel means of process sampling, as well as modifications that are necessary to couple such instruments to introduce these samples, are discussed. A suggested path forward based on an automated microchip capillary based sampling system interfaced to the analysis spectrometer is presented. The ability to obtain micro liter volume samples coupled with remote automated means of sample tracking and transport to the instrument would greatly improve analytical efficiency while reducing both personnel exposure and radioactive waste. Application of this sampling technique to new types of mass spectrometers for selective elemental isotopic analysis could also provide significant improvements in safeguards and security analyses.

John Svoboda

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

FY09 Advanced Instrumentation and Active Interrogation Research for Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Multiple small-scale projects have been undertaken to investigate advanced instrumentation solutions for safeguard measurement challenges associated with advanced fuel cycle facilities and next-generation fuel reprocessing installations. These activities are in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cycle Research and Development program and its Materials Protection, Accounting, and Control for Transmutation (MPACT) campaign. 1) Work was performed in a collaboration with the University of Michigan (Prof. Sara Pozzi, co-PI) to investigate the use of liquid-scintillator radiation detectors for assaying mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel, to characterize its composition and to develop advanced digital pulse-shape discrimination algorithms for performing time-correlation measurements in the MOX fuel environment. This work included both simulations and experiments and has shown that these techniques may provide a valuable approach for use within advanced safeguard measurement scenarios. 2) Work was conducted in a collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Dr. Paul Hausladen, co-PI) to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the fast-neutron coded-aperture imaging technique for locating and characterizing fissile material, and as a tool for performing hold-up measurements in fissile material handling facilities. This work involved experiments at Idaho National Laboratory, using MOX fuel and uranium metal, in both passive and active interrogation configurations. A complete analysis has not yet been completed but preliminary results suggest several potential uses for the fast neutron imaging technique. 3) Work was carried out to identify measurement approaches for determining nitric acid concentration in the range of 1 – 4 M and beyond. This work included laboratory measurements to investigate the suitability of prompt-gamma neutron activation analysis for this measurement and product reviews of other commercial solutions. Ultrasonic density analysis appears to be the best candidate technology for determining nitric acid concentrations but the PGNAA approach may also be applicable. 4) Work was also carried out to begin investigating the use of remote UV imaging to detect air-ionization induced by alpha particle emission from plutonium. This approach has been shown elsewhere as a useful tool for detecting and quantifying plutonium contamination and has the potential of providing a unique and powerful approach for quantifying hold-up in reprocessing facilities. Based on these simple scoping experiments the potential far-reaching capabilities of the measurement are clear.

D. L. Chichester; S. A. Pozzi; E. H. Seabury; J. L. Dolan; M. Flaska; J. T. Johnson; S. M. Watson; J. Wharton

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Computer safeguards system for the IAEA inspectors at GCEP  

SciTech Connect

The Safeguards Data System (SDS), which is being developed to provide improved safeguards for the Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant at Portsmouth, Ohio, is described. The SDS is an automated, integrated computer data acquisition and data management system. It is designed to operate in a continuous unattended mode to provide attributes measurements, summary materials accounting data, and on-site data analysis capability to the IAEA inspectors at the GCEP facility.

Baker, A.L.; Harris, P.W.; Fienning, W.C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

IAEA safeguards and detection of undeclared nuclear activities  

SciTech Connect

Verification of State declarations is an essential feature of IAEA safeguards. The issue of completeness of the declaration of all nuclear material, nuclear activities and nuclear facilities arises only in full scope safeguards, like those pursuant to NPT. Concentrating on the accountability aspect of nuclear material the NPT safeguards system has achieved a high level of objective and quantified performance. Some of the basic ideas of the drafters of INFCIRC/153(corrected) have been stalled. Non-proliferation concerns demand also for a detection probability for undeclared nuclear activities. Following the example of the Chemical Weapon Convention, advanced detection techniques are proposed, which go beyond the classical nuclear material accountability approach. Recent proposals for additional measures to strengthen IAEA safeguards conform to rules of NPT and related safeguards. Some proposals have been agreed generally, others can only be implemented on a voluntary basis between the State and the IAEA. The implementation will require additional resources and support for the IAEA. Great care is required to maintain the existing capability of the IAEA for a technically sound, independent, objective, and internationally acceptable judgment with available resources, and at the same time to change emphasis on certain elements of the existing safeguards system.

Harry, R.J.S. [Netherlands Energy Research Foundation ECN, Petten (Netherlands)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

248

Termination of Safeguards on ULWBR Material  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Management, has approved the disposition of 31 metric tons of Unirradiated Light Water Breeder Reactor (ULWBR) material in canisters stored within dry wells of the Underground Fuel Storage Facility at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC). This unirradiated material consists primarily of ceramic pellets of thorium oxide in stainless steel cladding, but it also contains 300 kilograms of uranium that is 98 wt% U-233. The ULWBR material was not processed at the INTEC because it was incompatible with prior chemical separation schemes. Other economical recovery options have not been identified, and expressions of interest for consolidating the material with existing projects at other DOE sites have not been received. The U-233 could be used for producing the medical isotope Actinium-225, but the proof-of-principle demonstration and follow-on pilot program have not been developed to the point of requiring production quantities of U-233. Consequently, the selected disposition of the ULWBR material was burial as Low Level Waste at the Nevada Test Site (NTS), which required terminating safeguards controls for the contained Category II quantity of Attractiveness Level D special nuclear material (SNM). The requested termination followed the twelve point evaluation criteria of the Historical Defense Program Discard Guidance and included a security analysis for evaluating the risks of theft, diversion, and radiological sabotage associated with the material. Continuity of knowledge in the book inventory was assured by documenting that the original shipper’s measurements accurately reflected the quantities of materials received and that the ULWBR materials had remained under adequate physical protection and had been subject to periodic physical inventories. The method selected for substantiating the book values as the basis for terminating safeguards was the nondestructive assay used during physical inventories. Shipping arrangements included refurbishing a licensed cask to be reused over the duration of the termination process. An accompanying batching plan and shipping schedule were developed to accommodate multiple commercial shipments of Category III quantities of SNM in the selected cask, such that all canisters would be received at NTS prior to the expiration of the nonrenewable cask license.

Ivan R. Thomas; Ernest L. Laible

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

NDA safeguards techniques for LMFBR assemblies  

SciTech Connect

The significant safeguards concerns for liquid-metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBRs), and for the LMFBR fuel handling systems are the accountability, surveillance, and identification of fuel and blanket assemblies. The introduction of fuel assemblies with a high content of Pu into the receiving and shipping areas of the LMFBR fuel cycle does allow a more direct near-real-time assay profile of the disposition of Pu. Isotope correlations and neutron assay methods have been investigated and implemented for determining plutonium and burnup in fresh and spent LMFBR fuel assemblies. The methods are based on active and passive neutron coincidence counting (NCC) techniques. Preliminary studies on neutron yield rates from the spontaneous fission of plutonium and curium isotopes have indicated that the NCC system is a most effective measure in the verification of nuclear material flow in assembly form for the entire reactor fuel handling cycle, i.e., from the fresh- to the spent-fuel stage. A consequence of the high plutonium concentration level throughout the fuel irradiation period in an LMFBR, is that the spontaneous fission neutron yield from the 242-curium and 244-curium does not dominate the spontaneous fission neutron yield from the plutonium isotopes in the spent fuel stage.

Persiani, P.J.; Gundy, M.L.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Lessons Learned in International Safeguards - Implementation of Safeguards at the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this report is lessons learned at the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant (RRP). However, the subject of lessons learned for application of international safeguards at reprocessing plants includes a cumulative history of inspections starting at the West Valley (New York, U.S.A.) reprocessing plant in 1969 and proceeding through all of the efforts over the years. The RRP is the latest and most challenging application the International Atomic Energy Agency has faced. In many ways the challenges have remained the same, timely inspection and evaluation with limited inspector resources, with the continuing realization that planning and preparations can never start early enough in the life cycle of a facility. Lessons learned over the years have involved the challenges of using ongoing advances in technology and dealing with facilities with increased throughput and continuous operation. This report will begin with a review of historical developments and lessons learned. This will provide a basis for a discussion of the experiences and lessons learned from the implementation of international safeguards at RRP.

Ehinger, Michael H [ORNL; Johnson, Shirley [Tucker Creek Consulting

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Microsoft Word - Final Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System Users Guide 2 4-3-13.docx  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Materials Management and Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards Users Guide National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Nuclear Materials Integration Office of Nuclear Materials Integration Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS) Users Guide-Rev. 2.0 Prepared by: Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Nuclear Materials Integration - NA-73 April 2013 Xavier Ascanio Office of Nuclear Materials Integration Nuclear Materials Management and 73 NMMSS User Guide 2.0 April 1, 2013 Revision History Date Revision Description October 2008 1.0 Initial release April 2013 2.0 New release NMMSS User Guide 2.0 i April 1, 2013 Table of Contents Section 1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 1-1

252

Advanced Safeguards Approaches for New TRU Fuel Fabrication Facilities  

SciTech Connect

This second report in a series of three reviews possible safeguards approaches for the new transuranic (TRU) fuel fabrication processes to be deployed at AFCF – specifically, the ceramic TRU (MOX) fuel fabrication line and the metallic (pyroprocessing) line. The most common TRU fuel has been fuel composed of mixed plutonium and uranium dioxide, referred to as “MOX”. However, under the Advanced Fuel Cycle projects custom-made fuels with higher contents of neptunium, americium, and curium may also be produced to evaluate if these “minor actinides” can be effectively burned and transmuted through irradiation in the ABR. A third and final report in this series will evaluate and review the advanced safeguards approach options for the ABR. In reviewing and developing the advanced safeguards approach for the new TRU fuel fabrication processes envisioned for AFCF, the existing international (IAEA) safeguards approach at the Plutonium Fuel Production Facility (PFPF) and the conceptual approach planned for the new J-MOX facility in Japan have been considered as a starting point of reference. The pyro-metallurgical reprocessing and fuel fabrication process at EBR-II near Idaho Falls also provided insight for safeguarding the additional metallic pyroprocessing fuel fabrication line planned for AFCF.

Durst, Philip C.; Ehinger, Michael H.; Boyer, Brian; Therios, Ike; Bean, Robert; Dougan, A.; Tolk, K.

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

Safeguards and security research and development progress report, October 1993--September 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the activities carried out by the Los Alamos Safeguards and Security Research and Development (R&D) program from October 1993 through September 1994. The activities presented in the first part of the report were directed primarily to domestic US safeguards applications and were, for the most part, sponsored by the Department of Energy`s Office of Safeguards and Security (DOE/OSS, NN-50). The activities described in Part 2, International Safeguards, were supported by the International Safeguards Division of the Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation (DOE/OACN, NN-40). Part 3 describes several safeguards or safeguards-related activities that have other sponsors. The final part of the report lists titles and abstracts of Los Alamos safeguards R&D reports, technical journal articles, and conference papers that were published or presented in 1994.

Smith, D.B.; Jaramillo, G.R. [comp.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

CASH FLOW MATCHING PROBLEM WITH CVaR CONSTRAINTS: A CASE STUDY WITH PORTFOLIO SAFEGUARD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CASH FLOW MATCHING PROBLEM WITH CVaR CONSTRAINTS: A CASE STUDY WITH PORTFOLIO SAFEGUARD Danjue problem is minimized. We use Portfolio Safeguard (PSG) decision support tool to solve the optimization

Uryasev, Stanislav

255

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Here is a partial list of safeguards for explosive actuated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Here is a partial list of safeguards for explosive actuated welding equipment. · If you are a tool operator or assistant, safeguard your eyes with eye protection

Minnesota, University of

256

Designing and Operating for Safeguards: Lessons Learned From the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant (RRP)  

SciTech Connect

This paper will address the lessons learned during the implementation of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards at the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant (RRP) which are relevant to the issue of ‘safeguards by design’. However, those lessons are a result of a cumulative history of international safeguards experiences starting with the West Valley reprocessing plant in 1969, continuing with the Barnwell plant, and then with the implementation of international safeguards at WAK in Germany and TRP in Japan. The design and implementation of safeguards at RRP in Japan is the latest and most challenging that the IAEA has faced. This paper will discuss the work leading up to the development of a safeguards approach, the design and operating features that were introduced to improve or aid in implementing the safeguards approach, and the resulting recommendations for future facilities. It will provide an overview of how ‘safeguardability’ was introduced into RRP.

Johnson, Shirley J.; Ehinger, Michael

2010-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

257

Human rights safeguards and international cooperation in extradition: Striking the balance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is necessary to strike the correct balance between safeguarding the rights of the individual and engendering ... rights enforcement mechanisms, many of the traditional safeguards still have a real role to play...

Sharon A. Williams

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Proceedings of the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards Safety Culture Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

NUREG/CP-0183, Proceedings of the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards Safety Culture Workshop, June 12, 2003 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards Washington, DC 20555-0001.

259

An analysis of ITC decisions in antidumping, countervailing duty and safeguard cases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An Analysis of ITC Decisions in Antidumping, Countervailing Duty and Safeguard Cases. — This paper investigates the economic ... U.S. antidumping, countervailing duty, and safeguard laws during the 1980s. Utilizi...

Robert E. Baldwin; Jeffrey W. Steagall

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

An Inspector's Assessment of the New Model Safeguards Approach for Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect

This conference paper assesses the changes that are being made to the Model Safeguards Approach for Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants.

Curtis, Michael M.

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Nuclear safeguards research and development. Program status report, October 1980-January 1981  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the status of the Nuclear Safeguards Research and Development Program pursued by the Energy, Chemistry-Materials Science, and Operational Security/Safeguards Divisions of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Topics include nondestructive assay technology development and applications, international safeguards systems. Also discussed are training courses, technology transfer, analytical chemistry methods for fissionable materials safeguards, the Department of Energy Computer Security Technical Center, and operational security.

Henry, C.N. (comp.)

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

E-Print Network 3.0 - acp safeguards neutron Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PRJ... SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY CONSTRUCTION PRJ NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMIN PIT DISASSEMBLY AND CONVERSION... MANAGEMENT PROGRAM NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMIN...

263

Office of Security Policy - Safeguards and Security Frequently Asked  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safeguards and Security Safeguards and Security New Frequently Asked Questions The following frequently asked questions (FAQs) are organized by the topical areas and offer answers to recurring questions or policy clarification requests. These entries represent the newest additions to the collection of S&S FAQs. 1. General 2. Program Planning and Management 3. Protection Program Operations 4. Information Security 5. Nuclear Material Control and Accountability General Q: Where can I find the national policies that may affect security programs I am responsible for? A: The national policies affecting DOE's safeguards and security programs are located on the Policy Information Resource tool at http://pir.pnl.gov. This collection is comprised of the most current version of each policy

264

Considerations for Possible Light Impact of Spent Nuclear Fuel for Safeguards Measurements  

SciTech Connect

This effort is designed to be a preliminary study to determine the appropriateness of lightly contacting SNF with zirconium-based cladding, in wet storage, for the purpose of taking safeguards measurements. Contact will likely consist of an initial impact followed by a light tensile load on the exterior surface of the SNF cladding. In the past, concerns have been raised that contacting SNF cladding could result in a loss of long-term mechanical integrity due to crack initiation, uncontrolled crack propagation, and a mechanical exfoliation of the protective oxide layer. The mechanical integrity concerns are addressed with an analytic model that evaluates the threshold impact limits for degraded, but undamaged SNF cladding. Aqueous corrosion concerns, associated with exfoliation of the protective oxide layer, are addressed with a qualitative argument, focusing on the possible corrosion mechanisms of zirconium-based cladding.

Brian K. Castle; Kelly D. Ellis

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults Policy and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15 Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults been drafted by considering law and government policies and procedures on safeguarding. A list has been as being safe and protected from harm. For the purposes of this Safeguarding policy the terms `child

266

Satisficing Approach to Human-in-the-Loop Safeguarded Control Wei Ren and Randal W. Beard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Satisficing Approach to Human-in-the-Loop Safeguarded Control Wei Ren and Randal W. Beard Abstract stability. This paper falls into the cat- egory of safeguarded shared control. While most current approaches a rigorous analytic approach to ana- lyzing safeguarded shared control problems using Lyapunov techniques

Ren, Wei

267

Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults Policy and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15 Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults drafted by considering law and government policies and procedures on safeguarding. A list has been as being safe and protected from harm. For the purposes of this Safeguarding policy the terms `child

268

Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Armagh Observatory Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

40 Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Armagh Observatory Safeguarding Children the procedures in place at the Observatory in order to achieve this aim. For the purposes of this Safeguarding on the legislative context and best practice for the protection of children: "Guidance on Safeguarding Children

269

SafeGuard: Safe Forwarding during Route Changes Dept. of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SafeGuard: Safe Forwarding during Route Changes Ang Li Dept. of Computer Science Duke University the design and evaluation of SafeGuard, an intra-domain routing system that can safely forward packets to their destinations even when routes are changing. SafeGuard is based on the simple idea that packets carry

Yang, Xiaowei

270

Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Armagh Observatory Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

35 Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Armagh Observatory Safeguarding Children the procedures in place at the Observatory in order to achieve this aim. For the purposes of this Safeguarding on the legislative context and best practice for the protection of children: "Guidance on Safeguarding Children

271

Privacy Collection Statement InvestSMART Financial Services Pty Ltd (`we, `us', `our') are committed to safeguarding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

') are committed to safeguarding your personal information. We collect your personal information and will use

Peters, Richard

272

Clean Electricity Initiatives in California  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

* Customer Renewable Generation - California Solar Initiative - Net Energy Metering - Green Tariffs - Energy Efficiency - Demand Response - Rate Reform - Storage - Retirement...

273

The Los Alamos nuclear safeguards and nonproliferation technology development program  

SciTech Connect

For nearly three decades, Los Alamos National Laboratory has developed and implemented nuclear measurement technology and training in support of national and international nuclear safeguards. This paper outlines the major elements of those technologies and highlights some of the latest developments.

Smith, H.A. Jr.; Menlove, H.O.; Reilly, T.D.; Bosler, G.E.; Hakkila, E.A.; Eccleston, G.W.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Safeguards Issues at Nuclear Reactors and Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect

The Agency's safeguards technical objective is the timely detection of diversion of significant quantities of nuclear material from peaceful nuclear activities to the manufacture of nuclear weapons or of other nuclear explosive devices or for purposes unknown, and deterrence of such diversion by the risk of early detection.

Boyer, Brian D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Project Report on Development of a Safeguards Approach for Pyroprocessing  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory has undertaken an effort to develop a standard safeguards approach for international commercial pyroprocessing facilities. This report details progress for the fiscal year 2010 effort. A component by component diversion pathway analysis has been performed, and has led to insight on the mitigation needs and equipment development needed for a valid safeguards approach. The effort to develop an in-hot cell detection capability led to the digital cloud chamber, and more importantly, the significant potential scientific breakthrough of the inverse spectroscopy algorithm, including the ability to identify energy and spatial location of gamma ray emitting sources with a single, non-complex, stationary radiation detector system. Curium measurements were performed on historical and current samples at the FCF to attempt to determine the utility of using gross neutron counting for accountancy measurements. A solid cost estimate of equipment installation at FCF has been developed to guide proposals and cost allocations to use FCF as a test bed for safeguards measurement demonstrations. A combined MATLAB and MCNPX model has been developed to perform detector placement calculations around the electrorefiner. Early harvesting has occurred wherein the project team has been requested to provide pyroprocessing technology and safeguards short courses.

Robert Bean

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System Reporting and Data Submission  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The manual provides clear and detailed instructions and procedures for documenting and reporting data submissions for nuclear materials transactions, inventories, and material balances to the Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS). Cancels DOE 5633.3B. Canceled by DOE M 474.1-2A.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

277

Safeguards Agreement and Protocol with the International Atomic Energy Agency  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To ensure that DOE complies with the Agreement Between the United States of America and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in the United States, the Protocol to the Agreement, and the subsidiary arrangements to the Agreement. Canceled by DOE O 142.2A. Cancels DOE 1270.2B.

2004-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

278

The US Support program to IAEA Safeguards - 2008  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards (USSP) was established in 1977 to provide technical assistance to the IAEA Department of Safeguards. Since that time the U.S. Department of State has provided funding of over $200 million and over 900 tasks have been completed by USSP contractors on behalf of the KEA. The USSP is directed by a U.S. interagency subcommittee known as the Subgroup on Safeguards Technical Support (SSTS) and is managed by the International Safeguards Project Office (ISPO) at Brookhaven National Laboratory. In recent years, the SSTS and ISPO have identified priorities to guide the process of determining which IAEA requests are aligned with US. policy and will be funded. The USSP priorities are reviewed and updated prior to the USSP Annual Review Meeting which is hosted by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) each spring in Vienna, Austria. This paper will report on the 2008 USSP priorities and be an introduction for a session which will consist of four papers on USSP priorities and four other papers related to USSP activities.

Pepper,S.

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

279

The US Support Program to IAEA Safeguards Priority of Containment and Surveillance  

SciTech Connect

The United States Support Program (USSP) priority for containment and surveillance (US) focuses on maintaining or improving the reliability and cost-effectiveness of C/S systems for IAEA safeguards, expanding the number of systems that are unattended and remotely monitored, and developing verification methods that help streamline the on-site inspection process. Existing IAEA C/S systems have evolved to become complex, integrated systems, which may include active seals, nondestructive assay (NDA) instruments, video cameras, and other sensors. These systems operate autonomously. They send analytical data to IAEA headquarters where it can be reviewed. These systems present challenges to the goals of improved system performance, standardization, reliability, maintainability, documentation, and cost effectiveness. One critical lesson from past experiences is the need for cooperation and common objectives among the IAEA, the developer, and the facility operator, to create a successful, cost effective system. Recent USSP C/S activities include Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant safeguard systems, production of a new shift register, numerous vulnerability assessments of C/S systems, a conduit monitoring system which identifies tampering of IAEA conduit deployed in the field, fiber optic seal upgrades, unattended monitoring system software upgrades, next generation surveillance system which will upgrade existing camera systems, and support of the IAEA's development of the universal nondestructive assay data acquisition platform.

Diaz,R.A.

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

280

Recommended observational skills training for IAEA safeguards inspections. Final report: Recommended observational skills training for IAEA safeguards inspections  

SciTech Connect

This is the second of two reports prepared to assist the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA or Agency) in enhancing the effectiveness of its international safeguards inspections through inspector training in {open_quotes}Observational Skills{close_quotes}. The first (Phase 1) report was essentially exploratory. It defined Observational Skills broadly to include all appropriate cognitive, communications, and interpersonal techniques that have the potential to help IAEA safeguards inspectors function more effectively. It identified 10 specific Observational Skills components, analyzed their relevance to IAEA safeguards inspections, and reviewed a variety of inspection programs in the public and private sectors that provide training in one or more of these components. The report concluded that while it should be possible to draw upon these other programs in developing Observational Skills training for IAEA inspectors, the approaches utilized in these programs will likely require significant adaption to support the specific job requirements, policies, and practices that define the IAEA inspector`s job. The overall objective of this second (Phase 2) report is to provide a basis for the actual design and delivery of Observational Skills training to IAEA inspectors. The more specific purposes of this report are to convey a fuller understanding of the potential application of Observational Skills to the inspector`s job, describe inspector perspectives on the relevance and importance of particular Observational Skills, identify the specific Observational Skill components that are most important and relevant to enhancing safeguards inspections, and make recommendations as to Observational Skills training for the IAEA`s consideration in further developing its Safeguards training program.

Toquam, J.L.; Morris, F.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence to Measure Plutonium Mass in Spent Nuclear Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Techniques for Nuclear Safeguards,” LA-UR 09-01188, ANSProgramme to IAEA Safeguards. STUK-YTO-TR 170. Helsinki [75]by the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), O?ce of

Ludewigt, Bernhard A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Safeguards ad Security General Technical Base FAQS for Safeguards ad Security General Technical Base FAQS August 2012 STEP 1: Job Task Analysis Worksheet for Tasks Task Source Importance Frequency #1 Understand the relationship of law (Federal and State), regulations and Departmental Directives S&S GTB FAQ 4 4 #2 Understand basic nuclear fundamentals S&S GTB FAQ 2 2 #3 Understand basic Environmental hazards, environmental laws, regulations and Departmental Directives S&S GTB FAQ 2 2 #4 Understand Safety/Health/Quality Requirements, Laws, Management Systems and Worker Safety Departmental Directives S&S GTB FAQ 2 2 #5 Understand CONOPS and Emergency Management System laws, regulations and Departmental Directives S&S GTB FAQ 3 1 #6 Understand facility safety and safety, design

283

Research helps safeguard nuclear workers worldwide - Argonne's Historical  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research helps safeguard nuclear workers Research helps safeguard nuclear workers worldwide About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

284

Appropriability mechanisms in internationalisation: possibilities to safeguard innovations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The internationalisation of innovation has become increasingly common. With this change, the significance of managing and safeguarding innovations and intellectual property in international environment has risen to new levels, yet challenges are notable as well. Firms face the pressure to find, obtain, and use tools and mechanisms that would enable them to protect their innovations and intangibles against undesirable imitation and, consequently, create better appropriation conditions for themselves. This study examines appropriation of innovations in respect to internationalisation. The objective of the article is to find out: a) how individual safeguarding/appropriability mechanisms are perceived by internationalising and internationalised firms; b) how these mechanisms relate to succeeding in international markets. The findings from the examination of 299 Finnish firms indicate that not all mechanisms are equally relevant considering the tendency of the firm to internationalise, and that different mechanisms yield different results in terms of international performance.

Pia Hurmelinna-Laukkanen; Kaisu Puumalainen; Sami Saarenketo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

A flexible safeguarding system for experimental set-ups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modular safeguarding system is described. It has only two elements, a sensor module and a command module. It is assumed that the sensors have a normal output state corresponding to a closed switch contact. Each sensor module passes on the state of a sensor by multiple (electrically independent) relay contacts. Each device is activated by a command module with two sensing circuits which are wired through the appropriate sensor modules. Overruling of the output of a sensor module in an 'unsafe' state is possible by means of a front panel switch. This is indicated by a panel light, and the input, i.e. the state of the sensor, is still indicated. Designing and wiring a safeguarding system is very simple and the experimenter need only design the system logic, i.e. decide for each command module the sensor modules on which the operation of the device depends.

H C W Beijerinck; A H M Habets; B W L M Sessink; N F Verster

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Safeguards instrumentation: a computer-based catalog. Second edition  

SciTech Connect

This catalog contains entries on new developments and on items listed in BNL 51450, which have either been carried over unchanged or been updated. More than 70 entries were deleted because of either obsolescence, insufficient interest in terms of safeguards, or lack of documentable development activities in recent years. Some old listings as well as new material was consolidated into more generic entries. As in the earlier document, the emphasis is on devices and instruments that are either in field use at this time or under active development. A few items such as NDA reference materials, instrument vans and certain shipping containers are included because they are important adjuncts to optimum utilization of safeguards instrumentation. This catalog does not include devices for physical protection. As was the case with its predecessor, most of the material in this catalog originated in the US and Canada; a few contributions came from member states of the European Community.

Auerbach, C.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Protection and Control of Safeguards and Security Interests  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish policy, responsibilities, and authorities for the protection and control of safeguards and security interests. Cancels DOE O 5632.1B, DOE O 5632.2A, DOE O 5632.5, DOE O 5632.6, DOE O 5632.9A, DOE O 5632.11, DOE O 5635.1A, DOE O 5635.2B, DOE O 5635.3. Canceled by DOE O 473.1

1994-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

SAFEGUARD AND SECURE CONTROL VERIFY POLICY  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Summer 2013 Summer 2013 National Nuclear Security Administration ENERGY U.S. DEPARTMENT OF Mendelsohn at the NIS Helm BY ELAINE SPECHT In November 2012, Kasia Mendelsohn was formally named assistant deputy administrator (ADA) of NNSA's Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NIS). Highlights interviewed her on May 9, 2013, to discuss some of her recent activities and near-term initiatives for NIS. K asia Mendelsohn has come up through the ranks at NNSA, starting out as a contractor in NIS, where she spent five years as an

289

The ESA's Climate Change Initiative is reprocessing and reassessing over 40 years of multi-sensor satellite records to generate consistent, traceable, long-term datasets of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ESA's Climate Change Initiative is reprocessing and reassessing over 40 years of multi" for the climate modeling and research communities. THE ESA CLIMATE CHANGE INITIATIVE Satellite Data Records to our understanding of Earth's climate and how it is changing--one of the major challenges of the twenty

Boyer, Edmond

290

The interim REDD + Partnership: Boost for biodiversity safeguards?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite the unsatisfactory progress under the UNFCCC, the REDD + debate has raised hopes for successfully tackling the unsustainable use of forests in developing countries. However, its approach of focusing on the sequestration capacity of forests is potentially at odds with other environmental objectives. In order to cope with the risk of unintended impacts on biodiversity, the UNFCCC agreed on environmental safeguards that have yet to be specified and implemented through national REDD + strategies. Employing theoretical considerations regarding non-binding institutions and transparency, we investigate whether and how the voluntary setting of the REDD + Partnership can support the development of effective environmental safeguards. The analysis shows that the Partnership, despite its non-binding features, represents a promising complementary policy approach to the UNFCCC. Consisting of public and private actors it has laid the foundation for a more comprehensive view on REDD + by focusing on information exchange on practical implementation issues, e.g. on the specification of the safeguards agreed under the UNFCCC. If efforts to ensure accountability through transparency and stakeholder inclusiveness can be further improved, the setting may significantly contribute to establishing horizontal accountability, and hence, trigger a ‘race to the top’ on environmental standards.

Till Pistorius; Sabine Reinecke

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Production and Characterization of Plutonium Dioxide Particles as a Quality Control Material for Safeguards Purposes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production and Characterization of Plutonium Dioxide Particles as a Quality Control Material for Safeguards Purposes ... Although U particles are of major interest in swipe samples from enrichment facilities, Pu particles are of high interest for safeguarding reactors with hot cells, reprocessing, and research and development facilities. ... The environmental sampling for safeguard (ESS) system is presented, that was useful to monitor trace radioactive pollution in the environment and to detect nuclear activities. ...

Taeko Shinonaga; David Donohue; Helmut Aigner; Stefan Bürger; Dilani Klose; Teemu Kärkelä; Riitta Zilliacus; Ari Auvinen; Olivier Marie; Fabien Pointurier

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

292

Making it My IDEA: Notice of Procedural Safeguards Designed for Increased Readability.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Procedural safeguards have been in place for years with the intention of protecting the rights of parents and their children with disabilities. Despite the promises… (more)

Dinnesen, Megan S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Social Safeguards for REDD+ in Mexico’s Watershed Management Program.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Case studies on environmental governance are essential to improve comprehension on howto implement international agreements. This study focuses on seven social safeguards relevant toREDD+.… (more)

Garduño Diaz, Philippe Youssef

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Safeguard dilemmas: The need for practical special and differential treatment for developing countries .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Safeguards are among the most controversial of all trade remedies, due to the fact that they are contrary to the general principles of international fair… (more)

Lebero, Karugarama Richard.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - agency iaea safeguards Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: in Nuclear Nonproliferation, Safeguards, and Security International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)- Located... in Vienna, Austria, the IAEA is the interna- tional...

296

The political economy of emergency safeguard measures in trade in services agreements.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Although escape clauses and safeguard measures found in most international agreements are theoretically deemed as uncertainty management devices that help to facilitate cooperation among states,… (more)

Mohamed Khalid, Nor Arlinda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Assessing the Impacts of a Special Safeguard Mechanism for Agriculture in the Doha Development Agenda.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The agricultural negotiations in the World Trade Organizationâs (WTO) Doha Development Agenda (DDA) are calling for a specific Special Safeguard Mechanism (SSM) for developing countries… (more)

Weeks, Heather Ashley

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated safeguards system Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Contact: Division Director: Alan S. Icenhour, Ph.D. Summary: areas. Leadership Areas: Nuclear Radiation Detection Safeguards Systems Development, Testing... Transportation...

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced safeguards technology Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurements with Three-Dimensional Laser Scanning System and Coded-Aperture Gamma-Ray Imaging Systems for International Safeguards Applications Summary: -Ray Imaging...

300

Development of Superconducting High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometers for Nuclear Safeguards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of smuggling. Today, nuclear security is significantly morecritical importance of nuclear security, stating that thereJ. Doyle. Nuclear Safeguards, Security and Nonproliferation:

Dreyer, Jonathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Emerging forest regimes and livelihoods in the Tano Offin Forest Reserve, Ghana: Implications for social safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Greater attention for law enforcement resulting from new forest governance initiatives may make livelihoods of people living in or near protected areas in the tropics more vulnerable due to restricted access and competing claims. This paper aims to provide a deeper insight into the livelihoods of inhabitants of the Tano Offin Globally Significant Biodiversity Area (GSBA) in Ghana's high forest zone and how these are becoming under greater pressure. It assesses the governance implications of the implementation of the Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) under the Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan of the European Union and projects within the framework of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation plus (REDD +), with a focus on the need for social safeguards. The study shows that the inhabitants of admitted villages in \\{GSBAs\\} already have few legal livelihood options due to restricted access to the forest, which results in competing claims among resource users and with forest managers. Stronger law enforcement resulting from the FLEGT/VPA to combat illegal logging and the Ghana Forestry Commission's consideration to include \\{GSBAs\\} in its REDD+ programme is likely to further restrict inhabitants' access to forest resources, with the result being increasing competition for scarce resources. Social safeguards therefore need serious consideration when implementing new forest governance regimes. The authors argue that the politics of protected areas need to reconsider the position of the inhabitants by creating space to build a livelihood, paying them for taking care of nature or relocating them beyond the protected area. This might involve hard choices. What eventually is needed is a change towards interactive governance and adaptive co-management.

Mercy Derkyi; Mirjam A.F. Ros-Tonen; Boateng Kyereh; Ton Dietz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Draft Avian Conservation Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bioregion: Conservation priorities and strategies for safeguarding Sierra bird populations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and strategies for safeguarding Sierra bird populations A Project of California Partners in Flight and Institute priorities and strategies for safeguarding Sierra bird populations. Institute for Bird Populations report

DeSante, David F.

303

Defining the needs for gas centrifuge enrichment plants advanced safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Current safeguards approaches used by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at gas centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs) need enhancement in order to verify declared low-enriched (LEU) production, detect undeclared LEU production and detect highly enriched uranium (HEU) production with adequate detection probability using nondestructive assay (NDA) techniques. At present inspectors use attended systems, systems needing the presence of an inspector for operation, during inspections to verify the mass and {sup 235}U enrichment of declared UF{sub 6} containers used in the process of enrichment at GCEPs. In verifying declared LEU production, the inspectors also take samples for off-site destructive assay (DA) which provide accurate data, with 0.1% to 0.5% measurement uncertainty, on the enrichment of the UF{sub 6} feed, tails, and product. However, taking samples of UF{sub 6} for off-site analysis is a much more labor and resource intensive exercise for the operator and inspector. Furthermore, the operator must ship the samples off-site to the IAEA laboratory which delays the timeliness of results and interruptions to the continuity of knowledge (CofK) of the samples during their storage and transit. This paper contains an analysis of possible improvements in unattended and attended NDA systems such as process monitoring and possible on-site analysis of DA samples that could reduce the uncertainty of the inspector's measurements and provide more effective and efficient IAEA GCEPs safeguards. We also introduce examples advanced safeguards systems that could be assembled for unattended operation.

Boyer, Brian David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Erpenbeck, Heather H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Miller, Karen A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ianakiev, Kiril [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Marlowe, Johnna B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Notice of Intent to Develop an Information Sharing and Safeguarding Program Notice  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This memorandum provides justification for establishing a Directive that sets forth requirements and responsibilities for the Department of Energy's (DOE) Information Sharing and Safeguarding (ISS) Program for the responsible sharing and safeguarding of Agency information to enhance national security, protect the safety of the American people, and encourage sustained collaboration between Federal, state, local, tribal, territorial, private sector, and foreign partners,

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

305

Improving Transparency in the Reporting of Safeguards Implementation: FY11 Update  

SciTech Connect

In 2008, the Standing Advisory Group on Safeguards Implementation (SAGSI) indicated that the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Safeguards Implementation Report (SIR) has not kept pace with the evolution of safeguards and provided the IAEA with a set of recommendations for improvement. The SIR is the primary mechanism for providing an overview of safeguards implementation in a given year and reporting on the annual safeguards findings and conclusions drawn by the Secretariat. As the IAEA transitions to State-level safeguards approaches, SIR reporting must adapt to reflect these evolutionary changes. This evolved report will better reflect the IAEA's transition to a more qualitative and information-driven approach, based upon State-as-a-whole considerations. This paper applies SAGSI's recommendations to the development of multiple models for an evolved SIR and finds that an SIR repurposed as a 'safeguards portal' could significantly enhance information delivery, clarity, and transparency. In addition, this paper finds that the 'portal concept' also appears to have value as a standardized information presentation and analysis platform for use by Country Officers, for continuity of knowledge purposes, and the IAEA Secretariat in the safeguards conclusion process. Accompanying this paper is a fully functional prototype of the 'portal' concept, built using commercial software and IAEA Annual Report data and available for viewing at http://safeguardsportal.pnnl.gov.

Toomey, Christopher; Odlaug, Christopher S.; Wyse, Evan T.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

306

Selenoproteins act as a safeguard against selenium-induced cytotoxicity in prostate cancer cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2011; San Francisco, CA Abstract A26: Autophagy acts as a safeguard mechanism against G-quadruplex ligand-mediated telomere...response and provide the first evidence of autophagy as a safeguard mechanism activated by melanoma cells to counteract drug-mediated...

Rayudu Gopalakrishna; Jason Schiffman; Usha Gundimeda

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System Working Group Charter  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

DRAFT 2011 DRAFT 2011 DRAFT 2011 Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System Working Group Charter VERSION: 0 REVISION DATE: May 2011 Approver Name Title Signature Date DRAFT 2011 DRAFT 2011 NMMSS Working Group Charter PURPOSE The NMMSS Working Group (NWG) serves as an open forum for discussion of issues and concerns from the NMMSS User community. The Committee will provide an interface between NMMSS users, NMMSS sponsors and the NMMSS project staff. Activities may include: Identifying user needs Identifying deficiencies in reporting capabilities Recommending upgrades to software capabilities Recommending priorities for modifications Recommending enhancements to data Minimizing the reporting burden on the reporting community

308

Initial Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Before we can run a transient analysis, we must find the appropriate set of initial conditions for the variables. The most important requirement of initial conditions is that they do not contradict any of the ...

Michael Tiller Ph.D.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Safeguarding Children We promote children's rights to be strong, resilient and to develop a positive self image, which  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safeguarding Children We promote children's rights to be strong, resilient and to develop regular training to ensure good knowledge of safeguarding children. · All staff, parents, volunteers and students are aware of our safeguarding policies and procedures · Before any post is offered two references

Anderson, Jim

310

Policy ReseaRch WoRking PaPeR 4680 Safeguards and Antidumping in Latin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy ReseaRch WoRking PaPeR 4680 Safeguards and Antidumping in Latin American Trade Agreement on Tariffs and Trade/World Trade Organization-sanctioned safeguards and antidumping mechanisms supported liberalization; the economic content did not. #12;Safeguards and Antidumping in Latin American

311

Obstacle Avoidance and Safeguarding for a Lunar Rover Reid Simmons, Lars Henriksen, Lonnie Chrisman and Greg Whelan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Obstacle Avoidance and Safeguarding for a Lunar Rover Reid Simmons, Lars Henriksen, Lonnie Chrisman 15213 Abstract We are developing techniques for safeguarding the remote operation of lunar rovers and dependably. The idea, which we call "safeguarded teleoperation," [9] is to let the humans guide the rover

Simmons, Reid

312

Development and Evaluation of a Safeguards System Concept for a Pebble-Fueled High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................................... 24 8 Flow diagram for an Advanced CANDU reactor ..................................... 27 9 Implementation of safeguards measures at a CANDU facility using video surveillance and radiation monitors... ................................................ 28 10 Implementation of safeguards measures at a CANDU facility using core discharge monitor.............................................................................. 28 11 Primary safeguards measures at MONJU Fast Reactor in Japan...

Gitau, Ernest Travis Ngure

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

313

Development of nuclear materials accounting for international safeguards: The past, the present, the future  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear materials accountancy was introduced as a primary safeguards measure in international safeguards from the inception of the EURATOM safeguards directorate in 1959 and IAEA safeguards in 1961 with the issuance of INFCIRC 26. As measurement technology evolved and safeguarded facilities increased in both number and size, measurement methodology requirements increased as reflected in INFCIRC 66 (Rev 2.) in 1968 and later in INFCIRC 153 in 1972. Early measurements relied heavily on chemical analysis, but in the 1960s it evolved more and more toward nondestructive assay. Future nuclear materials accountancy systems will increase in complexity, driven by larger and more complex facilities; more stringent health, safety, and environmental considerations; and unattended automation in facility operations. 15 refs.

Markin, J.T.; Augustson, R.H.; Eccleston, G.W.; Hakkila, E.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Clean Coal Power Initiative | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Coal Power Initiative Clean Coal Power Initiative "Clean coal technology" describes a new generation of energy processes that sharply reduce air emissions and other...

315

Marine & Hydrokinetic Technology Readiness Initiative TIDAL ENERGY...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Marine & Hydrokinetic Technology Readiness Initiative TIDAL ENERGY SYSTEM FOR ON-SHORE POWER GENERATION Marine & Hydrokinetic Technology Readiness Initiative DE-EE0003636 TIDAL...

316

Implementation of remove monitoring in facilities under safeguards with unattended systems  

SciTech Connect

Remote monitoring is being applied by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at nuclear facilities around the world. At the Monju Reactor in Japan we have designed, developed and implemented a remote monitoring approach that can serve as a model for applying remote monitoring to facilities that are already under full-scope safeguards using unattended instrumentation. Remote monitoring implementations have historically relied upon the use of specialized data collection hardware and system design features that integrate remote monitoring into the safeguards data collection system. The integration of remote monitoring and unattended data collection increases the complexity of safeguards data collection systems. This increase in complexity necessarily produces a corresponding reduction of system reliability compared to less-complex unattended monitoring systems. At the Monju facility we have implemented a remote monitoring system that is decoupled from the activity of safeguards data collection. In the completed system the function of remote data transfer is separated from the function of safeguards data collection. As such, a failure of the remote monitoring function cannot produce an associated loss of safeguards data, as is possible with integrated remote-monitoring implementations. Currently, all safeguards data from this facility is available to the IAEA on a 24/7 basis. This facility employs five radiation-based unattended systems, video surveillance and numerous optical seal systems. The implementation of remote monitoring at this facility, while increasing the complexity of the safeguards system, is designed to avoid any corresponding reduction in reliability of the safeguards data collection systems by having decoupled these functions. This design and implementation can serve as a model for implementation of remote monitoring at nuclear facilities that currently employ unattended safeguards systems.

Beddingfield, David H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nordquist, Heather A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Umebayaashi, Eiji [JAEA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Fully integrated safeguards and security for reprocessing plant monitoring.  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear fuel reprocessing plants contain a wealth of plant monitoring data including material measurements, process monitoring, administrative procedures, and physical protection elements. Future facilities are moving in the direction of highly-integrated plant monitoring systems that make efficient use of the plant data to improve monitoring and reduce costs. The Separations and Safeguards Performance Model (SSPM) is an analysis tool that is used for modeling advanced monitoring systems and to determine system response under diversion scenarios. This report both describes the architecture for such a future monitoring system and present results under various diversion scenarios. Improvements made in the past year include the development of statistical tests for detecting material loss, the integration of material balance alarms to improve physical protection, and the integration of administrative procedures. The SSPM has been used to demonstrate how advanced instrumentation (as developed in the Material Protection, Accounting, and Control Technologies campaign) can benefit the overall safeguards system as well as how all instrumentation is tied into the physical protection system. This concept has the potential to greatly improve the probability of detection for both abrupt and protracted diversion of nuclear material.

Duran, Felicia Angelica; Ward, Rebecca; Cipiti, Benjamin B.; Middleton, Bobby D.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Application of safeguards technology in DOE's environmental restoration program  

SciTech Connect

During the last two decades, the Department of Energy's Office of Safeguards and Security (DOE/OSS) has supported the research and development of safeguards systems analysis methodologies and nondestructive assay (NDS) technology for characterizing, monitoring, and accounting nuclear materials. This paper discusses methodologies and NDA instrumentation developed by the DOE/OSS program that could be applied in the Environmental Restoration Program. NDA instrumentation could be used for field measurements during site characterization and to monitor nuclear materials, heavy metals, and other hazardous materials during site remediation. Systems methodologies can minimize the expenditure of resources and help specify appropriate combinations of NDA instrumentation and chemical analyses to characterize a variety of materials quickly and reduce personnel exposure in hazardous environments. A training program is available to teach fundamental and advanced principles and approaches to characterize and quantify nuclear materials properly and to organize and analyze measurement information for decision making. The ability to characterize the overall volume and distribution of materials at a waste site is difficult because of the inhomogeneous distribution of materials, the requirement for extreme sensitivity, and the lack of resources to collect and chemically analyze a sufficient number of samples. Using a systems study approach based on statistical sampling, the resources necessary to characterize a site can be enhanced by appropriately combining in situ and field NDA measurements with laboratory analyses. 35 refs., 1 figs., 2 tabs.

Eccleston, G.W.; Baker, M.P.; Hansen, W.R.; Lucas, M.C.; Markin, J.T.; Phillips, J.R.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

DOE/DHS INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEM CYBER SECURITY PROGRAMS: A MODEL FOR USE IN NUCLEAR FACILITY SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY  

SciTech Connect

Many critical infrastructure sectors have been investigating cyber security issues for several years especially with the help of two primary government programs. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National SCADA Test Bed and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Control Systems Security Program have both implemented activities aimed at securing the industrial control systems that operate the North American electric grid along with several other critical infrastructure sectors (ICS). These programs have spent the last seven years working with industry including asset owners, educational institutions, standards and regulating bodies, and control system vendors. The programs common mission is to provide outreach, identification of cyber vulnerabilities to ICS and mitigation strategies to enhance security postures. The success of these programs indicates that a similar approach can be successfully translated into other sectors including nuclear operations, safeguards, and security. The industry regulating bodies have included cyber security requirements and in some cases, have incorporated sets of standards with penalties for non-compliance such as the North American Electric Reliability Corporation Critical Infrastructure Protection standards. These DOE and DHS programs that address security improvements by both suppliers and end users provide an excellent model for nuclear facility personnel concerned with safeguards and security cyber vulnerabilities and countermeasures. It is not a stretch to imagine complete surreptitious collapse of protection against the removal of nuclear material or even initiation of a criticality event as witnessed at Three Mile Island or Chernobyl in a nuclear ICS inadequately protected against the cyber threat.

Robert S. Anderson; Mark Schanfein; Trond Bjornard; Paul Moskowitz

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The US Support Program to IAEA Safeguards Priority of Training and Human Resources  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards (USSP) priority of training and human resources is aimed at providing the Department of Safeguards with an appropriate mixture of regular staff and extrabudgetary experts who are qualified to meet the IAEA's technical needs and to provide personnel with appropriate instruction to improve the technical basis and specific skills needed to perform their job functions. The equipment and methods used in inspection activities are unique, complex, and evolving. New and experienced safeguards inspectors need timely and effective training to perform required tasks and to learn new skills prescribed by new safeguards policies or agreements. The role of the inspector has changed from that of strictly an accountant to include that of a detective. New safeguards procedures are being instituted, and therefore, experienced inspectors must be educated on these new procedures. The USSP also recognizes the need for training safeguards support staff, particularly those who maintain and service safeguards equipment (SGTS), and those who perform information collection and analysis (SGIM). The USSP is committed to supporting the IAEA with training to ensure the effectiveness of all staff members and will continue to offer its assistance in the development and delivery of basic, refresher, and advanced training courses. This paper will discuss the USSP ongoing support in the area of training and IAEA staffing.

Queirolo,A.

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Termination of Safeguards for Accountable Nuclear Materials at the Idaho National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Termination of safeguards ends requirements of Nuclear Material Control and Accountability (MC&A) and thereby removes the safeguards basis for applying physical protection requirements for theft and diversion of nuclear material, providing termination requirements are met as described. Department of Energy (DOE) M 470.4 6 (Nuclear Material Control and Accountability [8/26/05]) stipulates: 1. Section A, Chapter I (1)( q) (1): Safeguards can be terminated on nuclear materials provided the following conditions are met: (a) 'If the material is special nuclear material (SNM) or protected as SNM, it must be attractiveness level E and have a measured value.' (b) 'The material has been determined by DOE line management to be of no programmatic value to DOE.' (c) 'The material is transferred to the control of a waste management organization where the material is accounted for and protected in accordance with waste management regulations. The material must not be collocated with other accountable nuclear materials.' Requirements for safeguards termination depend on the safeguards attractiveness levels of the material. For attractiveness level E, approval has been granted from the DOE Idaho Operations Office (DOE ID) to Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (BEA) Safeguards and Security (S&S). In some cases, it may be necessary to dispose of nuclear materials of attractiveness level D or higher. Termination of safeguards for such materials must be approved by the Departmental Element (this is the DOE Headquarters Office of Nuclear Energy) after consultation with the Office of Security.

Michael Holzemer; Alan Carvo

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Safeguards-by-Design: Guidance for Independent Spent Fuel Dry Storage Installations (ISFSI)  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the requirements and best practices for implementing international nuclear safeguards at independent spent fuel storage installations (ISFSIs), also known as Away-from- Reactor (AFR) storage facilities. These installations may provide wet or dry storage of spent fuel, although the safeguards guidance herein focuses on dry storage facilities. In principle, the safeguards guidance applies to both wet and dry storage. The reason for focusing on dry independent spent fuel storage installations is that this is one of the fastest growing nuclear installations worldwide. Independent spent fuel storage installations are typically outside of the safeguards nuclear material balance area (MBA) of the reactor. They may be located on the reactor site, but are generally considered by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the State Regulator/SSAC to be a separate facility. The need for this guidance is becoming increasingly urgent as more and more nuclear power plants move their spent fuel from resident spent fuel ponds to independent spent fuel storage installations. The safeguards requirements and best practices described herein are also relevant to the design and construction of regional independent spent fuel storage installations that nuclear power plant operators are starting to consider in the absence of a national long-term geological spent fuel repository. The following document has been prepared in support of two of the three foundational pillars for implementing Safeguards-by-Design (SBD). These are: i) defining the relevant safeguards requirements, and ii) defining the best practices for meeting the requirements. This document was prepared with the design of the latest independent dry spent fuel storage installations in mind and was prepared specifically as an aid for designers of commercial nuclear facilities to help them understand the relevant international requirements that follow from a country’s safeguards agreement with the IAEA. If these requirements are understood at the earliest stages of facility design, it will help eliminate the costly retrofit of facilities that has occurred in the past to accommodate nuclear safeguards, and will help the IAEA implement nuclear safeguards worldwide, especially in countries building their first nuclear facilities. It is also hoped that this guidance document will promote discussion between the IAEA, State Regulator/SSAC, Project Design Team, and Facility Owner/Operator at an early stage to ensure that new ISFSIs will be effectively and efficiently safeguarded. This is intended to be a living document, since the international nuclear safeguards requirements may be subject to revision over time. More importantly, the practices by which the requirements are met are continuously modernized by the IAEA and facility operators for greater efficiency and cost effectiveness. As these improvements are made, it is recommended that the subject guidance document be updated and revised accordingly.

Trond Bjornard; Philip C. Durst

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Safeguards Guidance for Prismatic Fueled High Temperature Gas Reactors (HTGR)  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

5) 5) August 2012 Guidance for High Temperature Gas Reactors (HTGRs) with Prismatic Fuel INL/CON-12-26130 Revision 0 Safeguards-by-Design: Guidance for High Temperature Gas Reactors (HTGRs) With Prismatic Fuel Philip Casey Durst (INL Consultant) August 2012 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product,

324

Safeguards and Security General Technical Base Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

23-2009 23-2009 July 2009 DOE STANDARD SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY GENERAL TECHNICAL BASE QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1123-2009 ii This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-STD-1123-2009 iii APPROVAL The Federal Technical Capability Panel consists of senior U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) managers responsible for overseeing the Federal Technical Capability Program. This Panel is responsible for reviewing and approving the qualification standard for Department-wide

325

Safeguards Education and Training: Short Term Supply vs. Demand  

SciTech Connect

Much has been written and discussed in the past several years about the effect of the aging nuclear workforce on the sustainability of the U.S. safeguards and security infrastructure. This paper discusses the 10-15 year supply and demand forecast for nuclear material control and accounting specialists. The demand side of the review includes control and accounting of the materials at U.S. DOE and NRC facilities, and the federal oversight of those MC&A programs. The cadre of experts referred to as 'MC&A Specialists' available to meet the demand goes beyond domestic MC&A to include international programs, regulatory and inspection support, and so on.

Mathews, Carrie E.; Crawford, Cary E.

2004-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

326

The uranium cylinder assay system for enrichment plant safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Safeguarding sensitive fuel cycle technology such as uranium enrichment is a critical component in preventing the spread of nuclear weapons. A useful tool for the nuclear materials accountancy of such a plant would be an instrument that measured the uranium content of UF{sub 6} cylinders. The Uranium Cylinder Assay System (UCAS) was designed for Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited (JNFL) for use in the Rokkasho Enrichment Plant in Japan for this purpose. It uses total neutron counting to determine uranium mass in UF{sub 6} cylinders given a known enrichment. This paper describes the design of UCAS, which includes features to allow for unattended operation. It can be used on 30B and 48Y cylinders to measure depleted, natural, and enriched uranium. It can also be used to assess the amount of uranium in decommissioned equipment and waste containers. Experimental measurements have been carried out in the laboratory and these are in good agreement with the Monte Carlo modeling results.

Miller, Karen A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Marlow, Johnna B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rael, Carlos D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Iwamoto, Tomonori [JNFL; Tamura, Takayuki [JNFL; Aiuchi, Syun [JNFL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

The new geospatial tools: global transparency enhancing safeguards verification  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on the importance and potential role of the new, freely available, geospatial tools for enhancing IAEA safeguards and how, together with commercial satellite imagery, they can be used to promote 'all-source synergy'. As additional 'open sources', these new geospatial tools have heralded a new era of 'global transparency' and they can be used to substantially augment existing information-driven safeguards gathering techniques, procedures, and analyses in the remote detection of undeclared facilities, as well as support ongoing monitoring and verification of various treaty (e.g., NPT, FMCT) relevant activities and programs. As an illustration of how these new geospatial tools may be applied, an original exemplar case study provides how it is possible to derive value-added follow-up information on some recent public media reporting of a former clandestine underground plutonium production complex (now being converted to a 'Tourist Attraction' given the site's abandonment by China in the early 1980s). That open source media reporting, when combined with subsequent commentary found in various Internet-based Blogs and Wikis, led to independent verification of the reporting with additional ground truth via 'crowdsourcing' (tourist photos as found on 'social networking' venues like Google Earth's Panoramio layer and Twitter). Confirmation of the precise geospatial location of the site (along with a more complete facility characterization incorporating 3-D Modeling and visualization) was only made possible following the acquisition of higher resolution commercial satellite imagery that could be correlated with the reporting, ground photos, and an interior diagram, through original imagery analysis of the overhead imagery.

Pabian, Frank Vincent [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

328

Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials Program Measurement Evaluation Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support Measurement Services Measurement Development Training Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training Categorical Exclusion Determinations News Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439-4899 P: (630) 252-2442 (NBL) P: (630) 252-2767 (CRM sales) F: (630) 252-6256 E: usdoe.nbl@ch.doe.gov Programs Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) is owned and operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). NBL is the U.S. Government's Certifying Authority for

329

DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy Infrastructure from Cyber Attacks DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy Infrastructure from Cyber Attacks U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Kevin M. Kolevar today announced five projects that have been selected for negotiation of awards of up to $7.9 million in DOE funding to develop and integrate technologically- advanced controls and cyber-security devices into our electric grid and energy infrastructure. DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy Infrastructure from Cyber Attacks More Documents & Publications "Cybersecurity for State Regulators" - NARUC Primer (June 2012)

330

ADMINISTRATIVE CHANGE TO DOE O 470.4B, Safeguards and Security...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

70.4B Chg 1 1 2-15-2013 ADMINISTRATIVE CHANGE TO DOE O 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program Locations of Changes: Page Paragraph Changed To p. 5 5.c.(1) Responsible for the...

331

Bulk analysis of a simulated environmental sample in natural abundance performed in KAERI for nuclear safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A highly accurate and precise analysis of ultra-trace amounts of nuclear materials contained in environmental samples plays an essential role in monitoring undeclared nuclear activities for nuclear safeguards pur...

Jong-Ho Park; Sunyoung Lee; Young-Geun Ha…

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Feasibility Study of Implementing a Mobile Collaborative Information Platform for International Safeguards Inspections  

SciTech Connect

In response to the growing pervasiveness of mobile technologies such as tablets and smartphones, the International Atomic Energy Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratories have been exploring the potential use of these platforms for international safeguards activities. Specifically of interest are information systems (software, and accompanying servers and architecture) deployed on mobile devices to increase the situational awareness and productivity of an IAEA safeguards inspector in the field, while simultaneously reducing paperwork and pack weight of safeguards equipment. Exploratory development in this area has been met with skepticism regarding the ability to overcome technology deployment challenges for IAEA safeguards equipment. This report documents research conducted to identify potential challenges for the deployment of a mobile collaborative information system to the IAEA, and proposes strategies to mitigate those challenges.

Gastelum, Zoe N.; Gitau, Ernest TN; Doehle, Joel R.; Toomey, Christopher M.

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

333

Safeguarding Nuclear Fuel Processing | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

(FCF) has been developed to guide proposals and cost allocations to use the FCF as a test bed for safeguards measurement demonstrations. A combined MATLAB and MCNPX model has...

334

SIA: A Safeguard Inspector Assistant to Plutonium Isotopic Composition Measurements by Means of Gamma Ray Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we describe the design of a knowledge-based supporting system for Non Destructive Analysis of Plutonium isotopic composition, which fits into an integrated data evaluation scheme for safeguards. Thi...

Biancamaria Carniel; Gianfranco De Grandi…

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Design of a Safeguards Instrument for Plutonium Quantification in an Electrochemical Refining System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There has been a strong international interest in using pyroprocessing to close the fast nuclear reactor fuel cycle and reprocess spent fuel efficiently. To commercialize pyroprocessing, safeguards technologies are required to be developed...

Le Coq, Annabelle G

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

336

JOINT UNITED STATES/IAEA PROPOSED APPROACH FOR SAFEGUARDS DURING PLUTONIUM STABILIZATION, PACKAGING, AND SHIPMENT  

SciTech Connect

For safety reasons, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is preparing to stabilize and package plutonium oxide currently subject to International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) beginning in the year 2001. The Hanford Site will also stabilize and package plutonium materials under IAEA safeguards. The U.S. and the IAEA began consultations in late 1996 to develop an approach to the application of safeguards during stabilization and packaging. With the plans to ship RFETS plutonium to Savannah River for interim storage prior to final disposition, this work has been extended to include safeguards during shipment. This paper will discuss the elements of a joint U.S./IAEA proposal for this task.

L. KWEI; B. SMITH; ET AL

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Lessons from post-war Iraq for the international full-scope safeguards regime  

SciTech Connect

The discovery after the Gulf War of the extensive Iraqi nuclear weapon program severely shook public confidence in the nuclear non-proliferation regime in general, and the safeguards program of the IAEA under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, in particular. Iraq provided the justification for evaluating the safeguards regime under new political circumstances, so that appropriate corrective measures could be taken when necessary. It is now up to the individual states within the international system to take advantage of this opportunity.

Scheinman, L.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION DEVICES: EFFECTIVENESS IN IMPROVING SAFEGUARDS AT GAS-CENTRIFUGE URANIUM-ENRICHMENT PLANTS.  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in radio frequency identification devices (RFIDs) have engendered a growing interest among international safeguards experts. Potentially, RFIDs could reduce inspection work, viz. the number of inspections, number of samples, and duration of the visits, and thus improve the efficiency and effectiveness of international safeguards. This study systematically examined the applications of RFIDs for IAEA safeguards at large gas-centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs). These analyses are expected to help identify the requirements and desirable properties for RFIDs, to provide insights into which vulnerabilities matter most, and help formulate the required assurance tests. This work, specifically assesses the application of RFIDs for the ''Option 4'' safeguards approach, proposed by Bruce Moran, U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), for large gas-centrifuge uranium-enrichment plants. The features of ''Option 4'' safeguards include placing RFIDs on all feed, product and tails (F/P/T) cylinders, along with WID readers in all FP/T stations and accountability scales. Other features of Moran's ''Option 4'' are Mailbox declarations, monitoring of load-cell-based weighing systems at the F/P/T stations and accountability scales, and continuous enrichment monitors. Relevant diversion paths were explored to evaluate how RFIDs improve the efficiency and effectiveness of safeguards. Additionally, the analysis addresses the use of RFIDs in conjunction with video monitoring and neutron detectors in a perimeter-monitoring approach to show that RFIDs can help to detect unidentified cylinders.

JOE,J.

2007-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

339

Gas centrifuge enrichment plants inspection frequency and remote monitoring issues for advanced safeguards implementation  

SciTech Connect

Current safeguards approaches used by the IAEA at gas centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs) need enhancement in order to verify declared low enriched uranium (LEU) production, detect undeclared LEU production and detect high enriched uranium (BEU) production with adequate probability using non destructive assay (NDA) techniques. At present inspectors use attended systems, systems needing the presence of an inspector for operation, during inspections to verify the mass and {sup 235}U enrichment of declared cylinders of uranium hexafluoride that are used in the process of enrichment at GCEPs. This paper contains an analysis of how possible improvements in unattended and attended NDA systems including process monitoring and possible on-site destructive analysis (DA) of samples could reduce the uncertainty of the inspector's measurements providing more effective and efficient IAEA GCEPs safeguards. We have also studied a few advanced safeguards systems that could be assembled for unattended operation and the level of performance needed from these systems to provide more effective safeguards. The analysis also considers how short notice random inspections, unannounced inspections (UIs), and the concept of information-driven inspections can affect probability of detection of the diversion of nuclear material when coupled to new GCEPs safeguards regimes augmented with unattended systems. We also explore the effects of system failures and operator tampering on meeting safeguards goals for quantity and timeliness and the measures needed to recover from such failures and anomalies.

Boyer, Brian David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Erpenbeck, Heather H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Miller, Karen A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ianakiev, Kiril D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reimold, Benjamin A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ward, Steven L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Howell, John [GLASGOW UNIV.

2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

340

DEVELOPMENT OF A CANDLE FILTER FAILURE SAFEGUARD DEVICE  

SciTech Connect

The full-flow mechanical safeguard device (FFMSGD) has been developed under contract to the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to address problems with the reliability of ceramic candle filter elements installed on high-temperature, high-pressure (HTHP) Hot Gas Cleanup (HGCU) filters. Although systems candle filters are expected to perform satisfactorily when in good operating condition, the failure of even a single filter element can increase the filter system outlet dust loading enough to potentially damage gas turbine blades, contaminate other downstream processes, and limit the availability of the power system. Filter failure safeguard devices that are installed on each individual candle filter element are envisioned as a guarantee of a candle filter system's ability to withstand some number of element failures and continue operation without these negative consequences. The intention of the FFMSGD is to provide this guarantee without incurring any significant pressure drop penalty or constraining the filter system's reverse-pulse cleaning procedures. The FFMSGD provides a clear flow path for filtered and reverse-flow cleaning gases when its filter element is intact, and activates to provide a positive mechanical seal against gas flow in either direction when its filter element breaks or fails. This activation is induced by the increase in the flow rate of gas through the device in event of filter failure. The FFMSGD is designed to be easily removed and reconditioned when the filter system is taken off line for routine maintenance. This report is intended to be issued with a companion appendix. As instructed in Section J.12 of Contract No. DE-AC26-99FT40678, all the restricted, proprietary, and patentable information (not yet disclosed through the patent application process) related to the FFMSGD and its evaluation under this contract has been included only in the appendix. This Final Report, which is available to the public, contains background information and general descriptions of the operating principles of the FFMSGD. This report also describes the results of various evaluations of the device at room temperature and in HTHP environments. This Final Report also includes discussions of commercialization issues. For clarity and completeness, all of the information contained in this Final Report has also been included in the appendix.

Todd R. Snyder

2002-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Protecting Vulnerable Research Subjects in Critical Care Trials: Enhancing the Informed Consent Process and Recommendations for Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although critically ill patients represent a vulnerable group of individuals, guidelines in research ethics assert that ethically acceptable research may proceed with such vulnerable subjects if additional safeguards

Henry Silverman

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Integrated neutron/gamma-ray portal monitors for nuclear safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Radiation monitoring is one nuclear-safeguards measure used to protect against the theft of special nuclear materials (SNM) by pedestrians departing from SNM access areas. The integrated neutron/gamma-ray portal monitor is an ideal radiation monitor for the task when the SNM is plutonium. It achieves high sensitivity for detecting both bare and shielded plutonium by combining two types of radiation detector. One type is a neutron-chamber detector, comprising a large, hollow, neutron moderator that contains a single thermal-neutron proportional counter. The entrance wall of each chamber is thin to admit slow neutrons from plutonium contained in a moderating shield, while the other walls are thick to moderate fast neutrons from bare or lead-shielded plutonium so that they can be detected. The other type of detector is a plastic scintillator that is primarily for detecting gamma rays from small amounts of unshielded plutonium. The two types of detector are easily integrated by making scintillators part of the thick back wall of each neutron chamber or by inserting them into each chamber void. We compared the influence of the two methods of integration on detecting neutrons and gamma rays, and we examined the effectiveness of other design factors and the methods for signal detection as well.

Fehlau, P.E.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

SCB initiator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A detonator for high explosives initiated by mechanical impact includes a cylindrical barrel, a layer of flyer material mechanically covering the barrel at one end, and a semiconductor bridge ignitor including a pair of electrically conductive pads connected by a semiconductor bridge. The bridge is in operational contact with the layer, whereby ignition of said bridge forces a portion of the layer through the barrel to detonate the explosive. Input means are provided for igniting the semiconductor bridge ignitor.

Bickes, Jr., Robert W. (Albuquerque, NM); Renlund, Anita M. (Albuquerque, NM); Stanton, Philip L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Initial CTBT international monitoring system security findings and recommendations  

SciTech Connect

An initial security evaluation of the proposed International Monitoring System (IMS) suggests safeguards at various points in the IMS to provide reliable information to the user community. Modeling the IMS as a network of information processing nodes provides a suitable architecture for assessing data surety needs of the system. The recommendations in this paper include the use of public-key authentication for data from monitoring stations and for commands issued to monitoring stations. Other monitoring station safeguards include tamper protection of sensor subsystems, preservation of data (i.e. short-term archival), and limiting the station`s network services. The recommendations for NDCs focus on the need to provide a backup to the IDC for data archival and data routing. Safeguards suggested for the IDC center on issues of reliability. The production of event bulletins should employ {open_quotes}two-man{close_quotes} procedures. As long as the data maintains its integrity, event bulletins can be produced by NDCs as well. The effective use of data authentication requires a sound key management system. Key management systems must be developed for the authentication of data, commands, and event bulletins if necessary. It is recommended that the trust placed in key management be distributed among multiple parties. The recommendations found in this paper offer safeguards for identified vulnerabilities in the IMS with regard to data surety. However, several outstanding security issues still exist. These issues include the need to formalize and obtain a consensus on a threat model and a trust model for the IMS. The final outstanding security issue that requires in-depth analysis concerns the IDC as a potential single point of failure in the current IMS design.

Craft, R.L.; Draelos, T.J.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Uranium-233 waste definition: Disposal options, safeguards, criticality control, and arms control  

SciTech Connect

The US investigated the use of {sup 233}U for weapons, reactors, and other purposes from the 1950s into the 1970s. Based on the results of these investigations, it was decided not to use {sup 233}U on a large scale. Most of the {sup 233}U-containing materials were placed in long-term storage. At the end of the cold war, the US initiated, as part of its arms control policies, a disposition program for excess fissile materials. Other programs were accelerated for disposal of radioactive wastes placed in storage during the cold war. Last, potential safety issues were identified related to the storage of some {sup 233}U-containing materials. Because of these changes, significant activities associated with {sup 233}U-containing materials are expected. This report is one of a series of reports to provide the technical bases for future decisions on how to manage this material. A basis for defining when {sup 233}U-containing materials can be managed as waste and when they must be managed as concentrated fissile materials has been developed. The requirements for storage, transport, and disposal of radioactive wastes are significantly different than those for fissile materials. Because of these differences, it is important to classify material in its appropriate category. The establishment of a definition of what is waste and what is fissile material will provide the guidance for appropriate management of these materials. Wastes are defined in this report as materials containing sufficiently small masses or low concentrations of fissile materials such that they can be managed as typical radioactive waste. Concentrated fissile materials are defined herein as materials containing sufficient fissile content such as to warrant special handling to address nuclear criticality, safeguards, and arms control concerns.

Forsberg, C.W.; Storch, S.N. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Lewis, L.C. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technology Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab.

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

346

RECRUITMENT OF U.S. CITIZENS FOR VACANCIES IN IAEA SAFEGUARDS  

SciTech Connect

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) relies on its member states to assist with recruiting qualified individuals for positions within the IAEA's secretariat. It is important that persons within and outside the US nuclear and safeguards industries become aware of career opportunities available at the IAEA, and informed about important vacancies. The IAEA has established an impressive web page to advertise opportunities for employment. However, additional effort is necessary to ensure that there is sufficient awareness in the US of these opportunities, and assistance for persons interested in taking positions at the IAEA. In 1998, the Subgroup on Safeguards Technical Support (SSTS) approved a special task under the US Support Program to IAEA Safeguards (USSP) for improving US efforts to identify qualified candidates for vacancies in IAEA's Department of Safeguards. The International Safeguards Project Office (ISPO) developed a plan that includes increased advertising, development of a web page to support US recruitment efforts, feedback from the US Mission in Vienna, and interaction with other recruitment services provided by US professional organizations. The main purpose of this effort is to educate US citizens about opportunities at the IAEA so that qualified candidates can be identified for the IAEA's consideration.

PEPPER,S.E.; DECARO,D.; WILLIAMS,G.; CARELLI,J.; ASSUR,M.

1999-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

347

Behavior of 241Am in fast reactor systems - a safeguards perspective  

SciTech Connect

Advanced fuel-cycle developments around the world currently under development are exploring the possibility of disposing of {sup 241}Am from spent fuel recycle processes by burning this material in fast reactors. For safeguards practitioners, this approach could potentially complicate both fresh- and spent-fuel safeguards measurements. The increased ({alpha},n) production in oxide fuels from the {sup 241}Am increases the uncertainty in coincidence assay of Pu in MOX assemblies and will require additional information to make use of totals-based neutron assay of these assemblies. We have studied the behavior of {sup 241}Am-bearing MOX fuel in the fast reactor system and the effect on neutron and gamma-ray source-terms for safeguards measurements. In this paper, we will present the results of simulations of the behavior of {sup 241}Am in a fast breeder reactor system. Because of the increased use of MOX fuel in thermal reactors and advances in fuel-cycle designs aimed at americium disposal in fast reactors, we have undertaken a brief study of the behavior of americium in these systems to better understand the safeguards impacts of these new approaches. In this paper we will examine the behavior of {sup 241}Am in a variety of nuclear systems to provide insight into the safeguards implications of proposed Am disposition schemes.

Beddingfield, David H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lafleur, Adrienne M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Alternative materials to cadmium for neutron absorbers in safeguards applications  

SciTech Connect

Cadmium is increasingly difficult to use in safeguards applications because of rising cost and increased safety regulations. This work examines the properties of two materials produced by Ceradyne, inc. that present alternatives to cadmium for neutron shielding. The first is an aluminum metal doped with boron and the second is a boron carbide powder, compressed into a ceramic. Both are enriched in the {sup 10}B isotope. Two sheets of boron doped aluminum (1.1 mm and 5.2mm thick) and one sheet of boron carbide (8.5mm thick) were provided by Ceradyne for testing. An experiment was designed to test the neutron absorption capabilities of these three sheets against two different thicknesses of cadmium (0.6mm and 1.6mm thick). The thinner piece of aluminum boron alloy (1.1mm) performed as well as the cadmium pieces at absorbing neutrons. The thicker aluminum-boron plate provided more shielding than the cadmium sheets and the boron carbide performed best by a relatively large margin. Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended (MCNPX) transport code modeling of the experiment was performed to provide validaLed computational tools for predicting the behavior of systems in which these materials may be incorporated as alternatives to cadmium. MCNPX calculations predict that approximately 0.17mm of the boron carbide is equivalent to 0.6mm of cadmium. There are drawbacks to these materials that need to be noted when considering using them as replacements for cadmium. Notably, they may need to be thicker than cadmium, and are not malleable, requiring machining to fit any curved forms.

Freeman, Corey R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Geist, William H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; West, James D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Characterization and performance evaluation of a new passive neutron albedo reactivity counter for safeguards measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A prototype 3He-based Passive Neutron Albedo Reactivity (PNAR) counter was developed and tested at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in collaboration with the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) to measure the fissile content in electrochemical recycling (ER) product materials. The counter consists of 16 3He cylindrical gas-filled proportional counters at 4 atm of pressure embedded in high-density polyethylene. In this work, experimental measurements were performed at LANL to characterize the performance of the PNAR counter using surrogate materials for the uranium metal ingot. The purpose of these experiments was to: 1) measure the operating and calibration parameters of the PNAR counter (e.g. efficiency profiles, coincidence gate fractions, die-away time) and 2) evaluate the accuracy and sensitivity of the PNAR method and the time correlated induced fission (TCIF) method for quantifying the 235U mass in PWR fresh LEU fuel rods and Materials Testing Reactor (MTR) HEU fuel plates. A small 244Cm reference source (13,373 n/s) was placed in the center of the fuel rods and fuel plates to simulate spontaneous fission from sub-ppm (parts per million) levels of Cm contamination in the U ingot. In order to compare the relative accuracy of the PNAR and TCIF methods for quantifying 235U mass, calibration curves were generated for the net doubles rate and the doubles Cd ratio using the Deming software. The results from this experiment will be used to obtain a better understanding of the sensitivity of the PNAR and TCIF methods for samples with low neutron multiplication. Furthermore, this experimental measurement data will also help inform safeguards research and development (R&D) efforts on the viability of nondestructive assay (NDA) techniques and detector designs for quantifying fissile content in ER product materials. Future work will include performing measurements with the PNAR counter on small samples of U/TRU materials.

Adrienne M. LaFleur; Seong-Kyu Ahn; Howard O. Menlove; Michael C. Browne; Ho-Dong Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Abstract A26: Autophagy acts as a safeguard mechanism against G-quadruplex ligand-mediated telomere damage.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2011; San Francisco, CA Abstract A26: Autophagy acts as a safeguard mechanism against G-quadruplex ligand-mediated telomere...response and provide the first evidence of autophagy as a safeguard mechanism activated by melanoma cells to counteract drug-mediated...

Marco Folini; Nicola I. Orlotti; Graziella Cimino-Reale; Erika Borghini; Maria Grazia Daidone; Manlio Palumbo; Claudia Sissi; Nadia Zaffaroni

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Production and Characterization of Monodisperse Plutonium, Uranium, and Mixed Uranium?Plutonium Particles for Nuclear Safeguard Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production and Characterization of Monodisperse Plutonium, Uranium, and Mixed Uranium?Plutonium Particles for Nuclear Safeguard Applications ... In order to prevent nuclear proliferation, the isotopic analysis of uranium and plutonium microparticles has strengthened the means in international safeguards for detecting undeclared nuclear activities. ...

Y. Ranebo; N. Niagolova; N. Erdmann; M. Eriksson; G. Tamborini; M. Betti

2010-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

352

Safeguarding Nuclear Fuel Processing | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Safeguarding Nuclear Safeguarding Nuclear Fuel Processing Laboratory Policy and Evaluation (LPE) LPE Home Staff M&O Contracts SC Laboratory Appraisal Process Laboratory Planning Process Work for Others in the Office of Science Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) DOE's Philosophy on LDRD Frequently Asked Questions Success Stories Brochures Additional Information LDRD Program Contacts Technology Transfer DOE National Laboratories Contact Information Laboratory Policy and Evaluation U.S. Department of Energy SC-32/Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5447 F: (202) 586-3119 Success Stories Safeguarding Nuclear Fuel Processing Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Idaho National Laboratory Develops International Nonproliferation

353

Safeguards & Security | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safeguards & Security Safeguards & Security Integrated Support Center (ISC) ISC Home About Services Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Privacy Act Categorical Exclusion Determinations Contact Information Integrated Support Center Roxanne Purucker U.S. Department of Energy 9800 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 P: (630) 252-2110 Larry Kelly U.S. Department of Energy 200 Administration Road Oak Ridge, TN 37830 P: (865) 576-0885 Services Safeguards & Security Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Security and Emergency Management staff ensures the people, materials, and information at DOE sites remain safe and secure. The Office of Science complex contains some of the U.S. Department of Energy's most important assets, and these organizations ensure the security of these crucial and

354

DOE/CX-00007 CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY ENHANCED ASSESSMENT SYSTEM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

07 07 CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY ENHANCED ASSESSMENT SYSTEM (PROJECT S-221) HANFORD SITE, RICHLAND, WASHINGTON PROPOSED ACTION The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to install six wooden utility poles to support the safeguards and security enhanced assessment system. LOCATION OF ACTION The locations of the proposed action are generally within and around 200 East Area of the Hanford Site. The specific locations cannot be disclosed due to their safeguards and security related nature, and the locations have been designated Official Use Only. It is the policy of the DOE to make records available to the public to the greatest extent possible, in keeping with the spirit of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), while at the same time

355

DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy Infrastructure from Cyber Attacks DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy Infrastructure from Cyber Attacks October 18, 2007 - 3:21pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Kevin M. Kolevar today announced five projects that have been selected for negotiation of awards of up to $7.9 million in DOE funding to develop and integrate technologically- advanced controls and cyber-security devices into our electric grid and energy infrastructure. These projects aim to protect our Nation's energy infrastructure from cyber attacks and seek to modernize our electricity grid, advancing the President's efforts to increase energy and economic security. These

356

Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL), January 1, 1990--December 31, 1996, Vol. 2, Rev. 5  

SciTech Connect

The Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL), Vol. 2, Rev. 5, provides brief summaries of several hundred safeguards-related events involving nuclear material or facilities regulated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) which occurred and were reported from January 1, 1990, through December 31, 1996. Because of public interest, the Miscellaneous category includes a few events which involve either source material, byproduct material, or natural uranium which are exempt from safeguards requirements. Events are described under the categories of Bomb-related, Intrusion, Missing and/or Allegedly Stolen, Transportation-related, Tampering/Vandalism, Arson, Firearms, Radiological Sabotage, Nonradiological Sabotage, and Miscellaneous. The information contained in the event descriptions is derived primarily from official NRC reporting channels.

NONE

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Safeguards summary event list (SSEL), January 1, 1990--December 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Safeguards Summary Event List (SSEL), Vol. 2, Rev. 4, provides brief summaries of several hundred safeguards-related events involving nuclear material or facilities regulated by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) which occurred and were reported from January 1, 1990, rough December 31, 1995. Because of public interest, the Miscellaneous category includes a few events which involve either source material, byproduct material, or natural uranium which are exempt from safeguards requirements. Events are described under the categories of Bomb-related, Intrusion, Missing and/or Allegedly Stolen, Transportation-related, Tampering/Vandalism, Arson, Firearms, Radiological Sabotage, Nonradiological Sabotage, and Miscellaneous. The information contained in the event descriptions is derived primarily from official NRC reporting channels.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Nuclear fuel reprocessing and the problems of safeguarding against the spread of nuclear weapons  

SciTech Connect

In 1977, the executive branch reversed its long-standing support for nuclear fuel reprocessing, primarily because of the rick of spreading nuclear weapons. GAO reviewed safeguards technology designed to reduce such risks in Federal reprocessing facilities and found that concerns are warranted. Material in sufficient quantities to construct a nuclear weapon could be diverted and go undetected for a long time. Effective international control and safeguards over the production, storage, and use of separated plutonium are lacking. The United States should increase its efforts to: develop and ensure the use of effective safeguards for reprocessing facilities; and establish, in conjunction with major nuclear fuel users, suppliers, and reprocessors, an international system to control the storage and use of excess plutonium.

Staats, E.B.

1980-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

359

DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy 8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy Infrastructure from Cyber Attacks DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy Infrastructure from Cyber Attacks October 18, 2007 - 3:21pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Kevin M. Kolevar today announced five projects that have been selected for negotiation of awards of up to $7.9 million in DOE funding to develop and integrate technologically- advanced controls and cyber-security devices into our electric grid and energy infrastructure. These projects aim to protect our Nation's energy infrastructure from cyber attacks and seek to modernize our electricity grid, advancing the President's efforts to increase energy and economic security. These

360

Safeguarding Health Information: Building Assurance through HIPAA Security Hosted by the HHS Office for Civil Rights (OCR) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Safeguarding Health Information: Building Assurance through HIPAA Security Hosted by the HHS:20-10:00 Keynote: Safeguarding Patient Information: Real Life Experience Darren Dworkin Senior Vice President, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration 2:15-3:00 Panel: Safeguarding

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

An Asia-Pacific Perspective Social and environmental safeguards are essential for the success of REDD+. This was a key message from the Copenhagen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Asia-Pacific Perspective Social and environmental safeguards are essential for the success for such safeguards are already in place for forest certification schemes. This experience can provide valuable emissions and enhance forest carbon stocks. DECODING REDD Effective REDD+ Safeguards: Lessons from Forest

362

Implementation of IAEA safeguards at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

SciTech Connect

When President Clinton spoke to the United Nations General Assembly in September 1993, he offered to place US excess defense nuclear material under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards, before the next Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) Extension Conference. This set in motion a flurry of activities at three DOE facilities, including Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Site). With general guidance from DOE Headquarters, the facility selected a suitable storage area, identified appropriate materials, and acquired the necessary instrumentation to implement full-scale IAEA safeguards on excess plutonium oxide.

Giacomini, J.J.; Finleon, C.A.; Larsen, R.K. [EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Plant; Lucas, M.; Langner, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

7-GeV advanced photon source beamline initiative: Conceptual design report  

SciTech Connect

The DOE is building a new generation 6-7 GeV Synchrotron Radiation Source known as the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory. This facility, to be completed in FY 1996, can provide 70 x-ray sources of unprecedented brightness to meet the research needs of virtually all scientific disciplines and numerous technologies. The technological research capability of the APS in the areas of energy, communications and health will enable a new partnership between the DOE and US industry. Current funding for the APS will complete the current phase of construction so that scientists can begin their applications in FY 1996. Comprehensive utilization of the unique properties of APS beams will enable cutting-edge research not currently possible. It is now appropriate to plan to construct additional radiation sources and beamline standard components to meet the excess demands of the APS users. In this APS Beamline Initiative, 2.5-m-long insertion-device x-ray sources will be built on four straight sections of the APS storage ring, and an additional four bending-magnet sources will also be put in use. The front ends for these eight x-ray sources will be built to contain and safeguard access to these bright x-ray beams. In addition, funds will be provided to build standard beamline components to meet scientific and technological research demands of the Collaborative Access Teams. The Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for the APS Beamline Initiative describes the scope of all the above technical and conventional construction and provides a detailed cost and schedule for these activities. The document also describes the preconstruction R&D plans for the Beamline Initiative activities and provides the cost estimates for the required R&D.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

DEVELOPMENT OF AN ADHESIVE CANDLE FILTER SAFEGUARD DEVICE  

SciTech Connect

In order to reach the highest possible efficiencies in a coal-fired turbine-based power system, the turbine should be directly fired with the products of coal conversion. Two main types of systems employ these turbines: those based on pressurized fluidized-bed combustors and those based on integrated gasification combined cycles. In both systems, suspended particulates must be cleaned from the gas stream before it enters the turbine so as to prevent fouling and erosion of the turbine blades. To produce the cleanest gas, barrier filters are being developed and are in use in several facilities. Barrier filters are composed of porous, high-temperature materials that allow the hot gas to pass but collect the particulates on the surface. The three main configurations of the barrier filters are candle, cross-flow, and tube filters. Both candle and tube filters have been tested extensively. They are composed of coarsely porous ceramic that serves as a structural support, overlain with a thin, microporous ceramic layer on the dirty gas side that serves as the primary filter surface. They are highly efficient at removing particulate matter from the gas stream and, because of their ceramic construction, are resistant to gas and ash corrosion. However, ceramics are brittle and individual elements can fail, allowing particulates to pass through the hole left by the filter element and erode the turbine. Preventing all failure of individual ceramic filter elements is not possible at the present state of development of the technology. Therefore, safeguard devices (SGDs) must be employed to prevent the particulates streaming through occasional broken filters from reaching the turbine. However, the SGD must allow for the free passage of gas when it is not activated. Upon breaking of a filter, the SGD must either mechanically close or quickly plug with filter dust to prevent additional dust from reaching the turbine. Production of a dependable rapidly closing autonomous mechanical device at high temperatures in a dusty gas stream is difficult because of problems with materials corrosion, dust leakage, and detection of filter failure. Therefore, the Energy & Environmental Research Center is using its knowledge of the factors that make filter dust sticky at gas filtration temperatures to make a simple and inexpensive SGD that employs an adhesive yet thermodynamically stable coating on a highly porous ceramic substrate. The SGDs are placed on top of individual candle filters at the filtered gas exit. Upon failure of the filter, the dirty gas flows through the SGD where the adhesive surface rapidly and permanently traps dust particles, causing the device to plug and prevent the dust from reaching the turbine.

John P. Hurley; Ann K. Henderson; Jan W. Nowok; Michael L. Swanson

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Regulations The purpose of these regulations is to safeguard the common interests of all Library users.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

staff. 2. Code of conduct 2.1 The Library is intended to be a silent space for study. Clearly designated.5 In the interests of other Library users study spaces and group study rooms must be left clean and tidy and all1 Library Regulations The purpose of these regulations is to safeguard the common interests of all

Sussex, University of

367

56647Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 187 / Wednesday, September 28, 2005 / Notices SAFEGUARDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(PEIS) entitled, ``Designation of Energy Corridors on Federal Land in the 11 Western States'' (DOE56647Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 187 / Wednesday, September 28, 2005 / Notices SAFEGUARDS FOR THE SYSTEM: None. [FR Doc. 05­19326 Filed 9­27­05; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 5001­06­M DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

368

Manual for Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System Reporting and Data Submission  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The manual provides detailed instructions for documenting and reporting data submissions for nuclear materials transactions, inventories, and material balances to the Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS). Cancels DOE M 474.1-2. Canceled by DOE M 470.4-6.

2003-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

369

Reactor antineutrino monitoring with a plastic scintillator array as a new safeguards method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We developed a segmented reactor-antineutrino detector made of plastic scintillators for application as a tool in nuclear safeguards inspection and performed mostly unmanned field operations at a commercial power plant reactor. At a position outside the reactor building, we measured the difference in reactor antineutrino flux above the ground when the reactor was active and inactive.

S. Oguri; Y. Kuroda; Y. Kato; R. Nakata; Y. Inoue; C. Ito; M. Minowa

2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

370

NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

In-Born Radio Frequency Identification Devices for Safeguards Use at Gas-Centrifuge Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect

Global expansion of nuclear power has made the need for improved safeguards measures at Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants (GCEPs) imperative. One technology under consideration for safeguards applications is Radio Frequency Identification Devices (RFIDs). RFIDs have the potential to increase IAEA inspector"s efficiency and effectiveness either by reducing the number of inspection visits necessary or by reducing inspection effort at those visits. This study assesses the use of RFIDs as an integral component of the "Option 4" safeguards approach developed by Bruce Moran, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), for a model GCEP [1]. A previous analysis of RFIDs was conducted by Jae Jo, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), which evaluated the effectiveness of an RFID tag applied by the facility operator [2]. This paper presents a similar evaluation carried out in the framework of Jo’s paper, but it is predicated on the assumption that the RFID tag is applied by the manufacturer at the birth of the cylinder, rather than by the operator. Relevant diversion scenarios are examined to determine if RFIDs increase the effectiveness and/ or efficiency of safeguards in these scenarios. Conclusions on the benefits offered to inspectors by using in-born RFID tagging are presented.

Ward,R.; Rosenthal,M.

2009-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

372

Analysis of the effectiveness of gas centrifuge enrichment plants advanced safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Current safeguards approaches used by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at gas centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs) need enhancement in order to verify declared low-enriched uranium (LEU) production, detect undeclared LEU production and detect highly enriched uranium (HEU) production with adequate detection probability using non destructive assay (NDA) techniques. At present inspectors use attended systems, systems needing the presence of an inspector for operation, during inspections to verify the mass and 235U enrichment of declared UF6 containers used in the process of enrichment at GCEPs. This paper contains an analysis of possible improvements in unattended and attended NDA systems including process monitoring and possible on-site destructive assay (DA) of samples that could reduce the uncertainty of the inspector's measurements. These improvements could reduce the difference between the operator's and inspector's measurements providing more effective and efficient IAEA GCEPs safeguards. We also explore how a few advanced safeguards systems could be assembled for unattended operation. The analysis will focus on how unannounced inspections (UIs), and the concept of information-driven inspections (IDS) can affect probability of detection of the diversion of nuclear materials when coupled to new GCEPs safeguards regimes augmented with unattended systems.

Boyer, Brian David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Erpenbeck, Heather H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Miller, Karen A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinjoe, Martyn T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ianakiev, Kiril D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Marlow, Johnna B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Reactor antineutrino monitoring with a plastic scintillator array as a new safeguards method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We developed a segmented reactor-antineutrino detector made of plastic scintillators for application as a tool in nuclear safeguards inspection and performed mostly unmanned field operations at a commercial power plant reactor. At a position outside the reactor building, we measured the difference in reactor antineutrino flux above the ground when the reactor was active and inactive.

S. Oguri; Y. Kuroda; Y. Kato; R. Nakata; Y. Inoue; C. Ito; M. Minowa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Analysis of measures to enhance safeguards, and proliferation resistance in thorium based fuel fabrication plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The presence of high energy gamma rays emitted by U232, which is always associated in ppm quantities with reprocessed U233, lends robustness or physical protection to the thorium fuel cycle. India is currently setting up a thorium based fuel cycle for its Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR). Identification and deployment of suitable extrinsic measures for fuel fabrication facilities would help in strengthening overall proliferation resistance. The extrinsic measures proposed in this paper include several measures which have been identified for the first time. A quantitative assessment of the contribution of these measures to overall safeguardability of the fuel fabrication plant has been carried out. Multi Attribute Utility Analysis (MAUA) has been used to evaluate the Proliferation Resistance (PR) value for two hypothetical facilities, one employing none of these measures and the other employing some or all of these measures. The analysis is based on the expert opinion of designers, operators, quality control managers and implementers of safeguards in fuel cycle facilities. Sensitivity analysis for all the proposed measures has also been carried out to study the effect of the influence of individual measures on the overall proliferation resistance of the fuel fabrication plant. The analysis ranks various safeguards measures based on the importance factor of a measure which is defined as the ratio of overall proliferation resistance with and without the measure. Important measures identified based on ranking are near real time monitoring, automation, safeguards-by-design, dynamic nuclear material accounting, and plant imaging.

Suresh Gangotra; R.B. Grover; K.L. Ramakumar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation  

SciTech Connect

On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

376

Development of a Safeguards Approach for a Small Graphite Moderated Reactor and Associated Fuel Cycle Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in it and how nuclear material flows between facilities. The goals of the safeguards system were established next, using the normal IAEA standards for the non-detection and false alarm probabilities. The 5 MWe Reactor was modeled for both plutonium production...

Rauch, Eric B.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

377

The U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards - Destructive Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Support Program (USSP) to IAEA Safeguards priority of destructive analysis is aimed at strengthening the IAEA's ability to use destructive analysis as a safeguards tool. IAEA inspectors bring back nuclear and environmental samples from inspections, which are first cataloged by the IAEA and then analyzed by a network of laboratories located in many Member States and the IAEA's own Safeguards Analytical Laboratory in Seibersdorf, Austria. Historically, the USSP was instrumental in introducing environmental sampling techniques to the IAEA in order to enhance its understanding of material processing activities conducted at nuclear facilities. The USSP has also worked with the IAEA to improve understanding of measurement uncertainty and measurement quality, incorporate new and improved analytical methods, and purchase analytical and computer equipment. Recent activities include a temporary increase in analysis of environmental samples using secondary ion mass spectrometry and provision of a cost-free expert to restore secondary ion mass spectroscopy laboratory functionality and to modernize the IAEA's Safeguards Analytical Laboratory Information System.

Hoffheins,B.

2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

378

Plutonium assay for safeguards purposes: material heterogeneity and the application of calorimetry  

SciTech Connect

A variety of nuclear materials measurement techniques have been employed by the facility operator (WHC) and the IAEA during the two physical inventory verifications (PIVs) and at other items to determine and verify the quantities of plutonium present in the safeguarded inventory. Results of these analyses were statistically evaluated and are presented in this report.

Welsh, T.I., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Van Parijs's «Safeguard» : One-Nation Pareto-ism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the previous chapter I concluded that inequality-generating incentives can only be justified on the basis of an explicit compromise between agent- centred prerogatives and the demands of equality, a comprom...

Prof. Frank Vandenbroucke

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Explosive laser light initiation of propellants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A improved initiator for artillery shell using an explosively generated laser light to uniformly initiate the propellent. A small quantity of a high explosive, when detonated, creates a high pressure and temperature, causing the surrounding noble gas to fluoresce. This fluorescence is directed into a lasing material, which lases, and directs laser light into a cavity in the propellant, uniformly initiating the propellant.

Piltch, M.S.

1993-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Development of a Safeguards Verification Method and Instrument to Detect Pin Diversion from Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Spent Fuel Assemblies  

SciTech Connect

A technical safeguards challenge has remained for decades for the IAEA to identify possible diversion of nuclear fuel pins from Light Water Reactor (LWR) spent fuel assemblies. In fact, as modern nuclear power plants are pushed to higher power levels and longer fuel cycles, fuel failures (i.e., ''leakers'') as well as the corresponding fuel assembly repairs (i.e., ''reconstitutions'') are commonplace occurrences within the industry. Fuel vendors have performed hundreds of reconstitutions in the past two decades, thus, an evolved know-how and sophisticated tools exist to disassemble irradiated fuel assemblies and replace damaged pins with dummy stainless steel or other type rods. Various attempts have been made in the past two decades to develop a technology to identify a possible diversion of pin(s) and to determine whether some pins are missing or replaced with dummy or fresh fuel pins. However, to date, there are no safeguards instruments that can detect a possible pin diversion scenario to the requirements of the IAEA. The FORK detector system [1-2] can characterize spent fuel assemblies using operator declared data, but it is not sensitive enough to detect missing pins from spent fuel assemblies. Likewise, an emission computed tomography system [3] has been used to try to detect missing pins from a spent fuel assembly, which has shown some potential for identifying possible missing pins but this capability has not yet been fully demonstrated. The use of such a device in the future would not be envisaged, especially in an inexpensive, easy to handle setting for field applications. In this article, we describe a concept and ongoing research to help develop a new safeguards instrument for the detection of pin diversions in a PWR spent fuel assembly. The proposed instrument is based on one or more very thin radiation detectors that could be inserted within the guide tubes of a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) assembly. Ultimately, this work could lead to the development of a detector cluster and corresponding high-precision driving system to collect radiation signatures inside PWR spent fuel assemblies. The data obtained would provide the spatial distribution of the neutron and gamma flux fields within the spent fuel assembly, while the data analysis would be used to help identify missing or replaced pins. Monte Carlo simulations have been performed to help validate this concept using a realistic 17 x 17 PWR spent fuel assembly [4-5]. The initial results of this study show that neutron profile in the guide tubes, when obtained in the presence of missing pins, can be identifiably different from the profiles obtained without missing pins, Our latest simulations have focused upon a specific type of fission chamber that could be tested for this application.

Ham, Y S; Maldonado, G I; Burdo, J; He, T

2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

382

"Order Module--DOE O 470.4B, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY PROGRAM, DOE O 471.6,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Order Module--DOE O 470.4B, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY PROGRAM, DOE O "Order Module--DOE O 470.4B, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY PROGRAM, DOE O 471.6, INFORMATION SECURITY, DOE O 473.3 "Order Module--DOE O 470.4B, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY PROGRAM, DOE O 471.6, INFORMATION SECURITY, DOE O 473.3 The familiar level of this module is divided into four sections. In the first section, we will discuss the DOE security programs and design basis threat included in DOE O 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program. In the second section, we will discuss information security programs, including control of classified materials and the responsibilities of field elements and contractor employees in identifying classified information as covered in DOE O 471.6, Information Security. In section three, we will discuss the security programs to include security areas, intrusion detection, and

383

"Order Module--DOE O 470.4B, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY PROGRAM, DOE O 471.6,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Order Module--DOE O 470.4B, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY PROGRAM, DOE O "Order Module--DOE O 470.4B, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY PROGRAM, DOE O 471.6, INFORMATION SECURITY, DOE O 473.3 "Order Module--DOE O 470.4B, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY PROGRAM, DOE O 471.6, INFORMATION SECURITY, DOE O 473.3 The familiar level of this module is divided into four sections. In the first section, we will discuss the DOE security programs and design basis threat included in DOE O 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program. In the second section, we will discuss information security programs, including control of classified materials and the responsibilities of field elements and contractor employees in identifying classified information as covered in DOE O 471.6, Information Security. In section three, we will discuss the security programs to include security areas, intrusion detection, and

384

Use of curium neutron flux from head-end pyroprocessing subsystems for the High Reliability Safeguards methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The deployment of nuclear energy systems (NESs) is expanding around the world. Nations are investing in \\{NESs\\} as a means to establish energy independence, grow national economies, and address climate change. Transitioning to the advanced nuclear fuel cycle can meet growing energy demands and ensure resource sustainability. However, nuclear facilities in all phases of the advanced fuel cycle must be ‘safeguardable,’ where safety, safeguards, and security are integrated into a practical design strategy. To this end, the High Reliability Safeguards (HRS) approach is a continually developing safeguardability methodology that applies intrinsic design features and employs a risk-informed approach for systems assessment that is safeguards-motivated. Currently, a commercial pyroprocessing facility is used as the example system. This paper presents a modeling study that investigates the neutron flux associated with processed materials. The intent of these studies is to determine if the neutron flux will affect facility design, and subsequently, safeguardability. The results presented in this paper are for the head-end subsystems in a pyroprocessing facility. The collective results from these studies will then be used to further develop the HRS methodology.

R.A. Borrelli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

All Other Editions Are Obsolete U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY SURVEY REPORT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4.1 4.1 (05-94) All Other Editions Are Obsolete U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY SURVEY REPORT OMB Control No. 1910-1800 1. Survey Type: 3. Facility Name: 4. A. Facility Code: B. RIS Code: 5. Survey Date(s): 8. Previous Survey Date(s): 6. Findings: 9. Unresolved Findings: 7. Composite Rating: 10. Previous Rating: 11. Ratings: Rate Each Item: S = SATISFACTORY M = MARGINAL U = UNSATISFACTORY DNA = DOES NOT APPLY A) PROGRAM MANAGEMENT Program Management and Administration Program Planning Personnel Development and Training Facility Approval and Registration of Activities Foreign Ownership, Control, or Influence Safeguards and Security Plans Surveys and Self Assessment Resolution of Findings Incident Reporting and Management

386

New Prototype Safeguards Technology Offers Improved Confidence and Automation for Uranium Enrichment Facilities  

SciTech Connect

An important requirement for the international safeguards community is the ability to determine the enrichment level of uranium in gas centrifuge enrichment plants and nuclear fuel fabrication facilities. This is essential to ensure that countries with nuclear nonproliferation commitments, such as States Party to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, are adhering to their obligations. However, current technologies to verify the uranium enrichment level in gas centrifuge enrichment plants or nuclear fuel fabrication facilities are technically challenging and resource-intensive. NNSA’s Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NIS) supports the development, testing, and evaluation of future systems that will strengthen and sustain U.S. safeguards and security capabilities—in this case, by automating the monitoring of uranium enrichment in the entire inventory of a fuel fabrication facility. One such system is HEVA—hybrid enrichment verification array. This prototype was developed to provide an automated, nondestructive assay verification technology for uranium hexafluoride (UF6) cylinders at enrichment plants.

Brim, Cornelia P.

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

387

Boron-10 ABUNCL Prototype Initial Testing  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security (NA-241) is supporting the project Coincidence Counting With Boron-Based Alternative Neutron Detection Technology at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the development of a 3He proportional counter alternative neutron coincidence counter. The goal of this project is to design, build and demonstrate a system based upon 10B-lined proportional tubes in a configuration typical for 3He-based coincidence counter applications. This report provides results of initial testing of an Alternative Boron-Based Uranium Neutron Coincidence Collar (ABUNCL) design built by General Electric Reuter-Stokes. Several configurations of the ABUNCL models, which use 10B-lined proportional counters in place of 3He proportional counters for the neutron detection elements, were previously reported. The ABUNCL tested is of a different design than previously modeled. Initial experimental testing of the as-delivered passive ABUNCL was performed, and modeling will be conducted. Testing of the system reconfigured for active testing will be performed in the near future, followed by testing with nuclear fuel.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Ely, James H.; Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Plutonium Measurements with a Fast-Neutron Multiplicity Counter for Nuclear Safeguards Applications  

SciTech Connect

Measurements were performed at the Joint Research Centre in Ispra, Italy to field test a fast-neutron multiplicity counter developed at the University of Michigan. The measurements allowed the illustration of the system’s photon discrimination abilities, efficiency when measuring neutron multiplicity, ability to characterize 240Pueff mass, and performance relative to a currently deployed neutron coincidence counter. This work is motivated by the need to replace and improve upon 3He neutron detection systems for nuclear safeguards applications.

Jennifer L. Dolan; Marek Flaska; Alexis Poitrasson-Riviere; Andreas Enqvist; Paolo Peerani; David L. Chichester; Sara A. Pozzi

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEM CYBER SECURITY: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS RELEVANT TO NUCLEAR FACILITIES, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY  

SciTech Connect

Typical questions surrounding industrial control system (ICS) cyber security always lead back to: What could a cyber attack do to my system(s) and; how much should I worry about it? These two leading questions represent only a fraction of questions asked when discussing cyber security as it applies to any program, company, business, or organization. The intent of this paper is to open a dialog of important pertinent questions and answers that managers of nuclear facilities engaged in nuclear facility security and safeguards should examine, i.e., what questions should be asked; and how do the answers affect an organization's ability to effectively safeguard and secure nuclear material. When a cyber intrusion is reported, what does that mean? Can an intrusion be detected or go un-noticed? Are nuclear security or safeguards systems potentially vulnerable? What about the digital systems employed in process monitoring, and international safeguards? Organizations expend considerable efforts to ensure that their facilities can maintain continuity of operations against physical threats. However, cyber threats particularly on ICSs may not be well known or understood, and often do not receive adequate attention. With the disclosure of the Stuxnet virus that has recently attacked nuclear infrastructure, many organizations have recognized the need for an urgent interest in cyber attacks and defenses against them. Several questions arise including discussions about the insider threat, adequate cyber protections, program readiness, encryption, and many more. These questions, among others, are discussed so as to raise the awareness and shed light on ways to protect nuclear facilities and materials against such attacks.

Robert S. Anderson; Mark Schanfein; Trond Bjornard; Paul Moskowitz

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Electric Power: Resources and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Federal/State Programs Federal/State Programs Biomass Research & Development Initiative The Biomass Research & Development Initiative is a multi-agency effort to coordinate and accelerate all Federal biobased products and bioenergy research and development. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) EPA's mission is to protect human health and to safeguard the natural environment—air, water, and land—upon which life depends. EPA Climate Leaders Climate Leaders is a voluntary industry-government partnership that encourages companies to develop long-term, comprehensive climate change strategies and set greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction goals. EPA Climate Protection Partnerships Division The division works with businesses, organizations, governments, and consumers to reduce emissions of the greenhouse gases that contribute to

391

Boron-10 ABUNCL Prototype Models And Initial Active Testing  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security (NA-241) is supporting the project Coincidence Counting With Boron-Based Alternative Neutron Detection Technology at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the development of a 3He proportional counter alternative neutron coincidence counter. The goal of this project is to design, build and demonstrate a system based upon 10B-lined proportional tubes in a configuration typical for 3He-based coincidence counter applications. This report provides results from MCNPX model simulations and initial testing of the active mode variation of the Alternative Boron-Based Uranium Neutron Coincidence Collar (ABUNCL) design built by General Electric Reuter-Stokes. Initial experimental testing of the as-delivered passive ABUNCL was previously reported.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Ely, James H.; Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

392

3S (Safeguards, Security, Safety) based pyroprocessing facility safety evaluation plan  

SciTech Connect

The big advantage of pyroprocessing for the management of spent fuels against the conventional reprocessing technologies lies in its proliferation resistance since the pure plutonium cannot be separated from the spent fuel. The extracted materials can be directly used as metal fuel in a fast reactor, and pyroprocessing reduces drastically the volume and heat load of the spent fuel. KAERI has implemented the SBD (Safeguards-By-Design) concept in nuclear fuel cycle facilities. The goal of SBD is to integrate international safeguards into the entire facility design process since the very beginning of the design phase. This paper presents a safety evaluation plan using a conceptual design of a reference pyroprocessing facility, in which 3S (Safeguards, Security, Safety)-By-Design (3SBD) concept is integrated from early conceptual design phase. The purpose of this paper is to establish an advanced pyroprocessing hot cell facility design concept based on 3SBD for the successful realization of pyroprocessing technology with enhanced safety and proliferation resistance.

Ku, J.H.; Choung, W.M.; You, G.S.; Moon, S.I.; Park, S.H.; Kim, H.D. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute - KAERI, 989-111 Daeduk-daero, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The deployment of three prototype detectors for reactor monitoring and safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fission reactors emit large numbers of antineutrinos and this flux may be useful for the measurement of two quantities of interest for reactor safeguards: the reactor's power and plutonium inventory throughout its cycle. The high antineutrino flux and relatively low background rates means that simple cubic meter scale detectors at tens of meters standoff can record hundreds or thousands of antineutrino events per day. Such antineutrino detectors would add online, quasi-real-time bulk material accountancy to the set of reactor monitoring tools available to the IAEA and other safeguards agencies with minimal impact on reactor operations. Our LLNL/SNL collaboration has deployed a total of three prototype safeguards detectors at a reactor in Southern California in order to test both the method and the practicality of its implementation in the field. Results from these detectors will be presented, and their respective advantages and disadvantages described. LLNL-POST-404014 This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in part under Contract W-7405-Eng-48 and in part under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. Sandia National Laboratories is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

N S Bowden; A Bernstein; S Dazeley; J Lund; D Reyna; L Sadler; R Svoboda

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Knowledge Generation  

SciTech Connect

Unattended monitoring systems are being studied as a means of reducing both the cost and intrusiveness of present nuclear safeguards approaches. Such systems present the classic information overload problem to anyone trying to interpret the resulting data not only because of the sheer quantity of data but also because of the problems inherent in trying to correlate information from more than one source. As a consequence, analysis efforts to date have mostly concentrated on checking thresholds or diagnosing failures. Clearly more sophisticated analysis techniques are required to enable automated verification of expected activities level concepts in order to make automated judgments about safety, sensor system integrity, sensor data quality, diversion, and accountancy.

BRABSON,JOHN M.; DELAND,SHARON M.

2000-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

395

Salt Waste Processing Initiatives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Patricia Suggs Patricia Suggs Salt Processing Team Lead Assistant Manager for Waste Disposition Project Office of Environmental Management Savannah River Site Salt Waste Processing Initiatives 2 Overview * Current SRS Liquid Waste System status * Opportunity to accelerate salt processing - transformational technologies - Rotary Microfiltration (RMF) and Small Column Ion Exchange (SCIX) - Actinide Removal Process/Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (ARP/MCU) extension with next generation extractant - Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF) performance enhancement - Saltstone enhancements * Life-cycle impacts and benefits 3 SRS Liquid Waste Total Volume >37 Million Gallons (Mgal) Total Curies 183 MCi (51% ) 175 MCi (49% ) >358 Million Curies (MCi) Sludge 34.3 Mgal (92% ) 3.0 Mgal (8%)

396

Safeguards and security concept for the Secure Automated Fabrication (SAF) and Liquid Metal Reactor (LMR) fuel cycle, SAF line technical support  

SciTech Connect

This report is a safeguards and security concept system review for the secure automated fabrication (SAF) and national liquid metal reactor (LMR) fuel programs.

Schaubert, V.J.; Remley, M.E.; Grantham, L.F.

1986-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

397

Preliminary study: isotopic safeguards techniques (IST) LMFBR fuel cycles  

SciTech Connect

This memorandum presents the preliminary results of the effort to investigate the applicability of isotope correlation techniques (ICT), formulated for the LWR system, to the LMFBR fuel cycle. The detailed isotopic compositional changes with burnup developed for the CRBR was utilized as the reference case. This differs from the usual LMFBR design studies in that the core uranium is natural uranium rather than depleted. Nevertheless, the general isotopic behavior should not differ significantly and does allow an initial insight into the expected behavior of isotopic correlations for the LMFBR power systems such as: the U.K. PFR and reprocessing plant; the French Phenix and Superphenix; and the US reference conceptual design studies (CDS) of homogeneous and heterogeneous LMFBR systems as they are developed.

Persiani, P.J.; Kroc, T.K.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Development of neutron multiplicity counters for safeguards assay  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the development of a new generation of neutron multiplicity counters for assaying impure plutonium. The new counters will be able to obtain three measured parameters from the neutron multiplicity distribution and will be able to determine sample mass, multiplication, and (..cap alpha..,n) reaction rate, making it possible to obtain a more matrix-independent assay of moist or impure materials. This paper describes the existing prototype multiplicity counters and evaluates their performance using assay variance as a figure of merit. The best performance to date is obtained with a high-efficiency, low die-away-time thermal neutron counter with shift-register electronics. 10 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Ensslin, N.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) is an unprecedented effort to transform the entire Hawaii economy from getting 95% of its energy, including most electricity, from imported oil today, to meeting the state’s energy needs from 70% clean energy (primarily indigenous renewables and efficiency) by 2030. DOE’s work on the HCEI was initiated and coordinated through OE’s then Deputy Assistant Secretary William Parks, an expert in renewable energy and fossil generation technologies and electricity system integration serving as a loaned executive to the State of Hawaii.

400

HARVARD Humanitarian Initiative & Humanitarian Academy at HARVARD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, social science, management, and other disciplines to promote evidence- based approaches to humanitarianHARVARD Humanitarian Initiative & Humanitarian Academy at HARVARD Advancing the Science to the world's most vulnerable populations. The Humanitarian Academy at Harvard has generated new approaches

Goodrich, Lisa V.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Lake Michigan Corridor Alternative Fuel Implementation Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fleet Program (Indiana) 2.4: Document Success and Quantify Impact 2.5: Generation of Smart Green Purchasing Policy Task 3: Barrier Reduction Initiatives 3.1: Weights and...

402

North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information Summary of the Transmission Reliability program's North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) activity area. NASPI supports industry adoption of next-generation monitoring equipment to increase reliability and reduce costs for consumers through the development of secure, highspeed, time-synchronized data about bulk power system conditions. North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Factsheet.pdf More Documents & Publications Synchrophasor Technologies and their Deployment in the Recovery Act Smart Grid Programs (August 2013) 2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 1 Presentations

403

SunShot Initiative: Key Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Key Activities Key Activities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to SunShot Initiative: Key Activities to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Key Activities on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Key Activities on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Key Activities on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Key Activities on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Key Activities on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Key Activities on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics Systems Integration Balance of Systems Key Activities Under the SunShot Initiative, the DOE Solar Office issues competitive solicitations that fund selective research projects aimed at transforming the ways the United States generates, stores, and utilizes solar energy.

404

In 2008, the Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

In 2008, the Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE NNSA) established the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) to develop the policies,...

405

Measures of Safeguard and Rehabilitation for landscape protection planning: A qualitative approach based on diversity indicators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Maintaining existing levels of landscape diversity is becoming more and more important for planning considering the increasing pressures on agricultural ecosystems due to soil sealing, sprawl processes and intensive agriculture. Norms for land-use regulation and measures for landscape Safeguard and Rehabilitation have to take into consideration these threats in landscape planning. Evaluating the diversity of agricultural ecosystems is a fundamental step for proposing sound approaches to planning and managing both soil and landscape, as well as maintaining the related ecosystem services. The paper proposes a method aimed at the qualitative evaluation of spatial diversity of agricultural landscapes using a reduced set of ecological indicators based on land-use vector data. Indicators are calculated for defined landscape units characterized by landscape homogeneity. GIS geoprocessing and spatial analysis functions are employed. The study area is the Province of Enna in Sicily (Italy), which is characterized by cultivation mosaics in its southern region, cereal cultivation in the central region and prevailing natural environments in the northern region. Results from the indicator calculations are used to define measures to be included in a Landscape Protection Plan. Safeguard and Rehabilitation measures are introduced, which link indicator scores to planning protection aims. The results highlight the relevance of some agricultural mosaics in proximity to streams and seasonal fluvial environments, where some undamaged natural environments are still present. For these areas, specific landscape safeguard measures are proposed to preserve their diversity features together with their original agricultural functions. The work shows that even with a reduced number of indicators, a differentiated set of measures can be proposed for a Landscape Protection Plan.

Daniele La Rosa; Riccardo Privitera; Francesco Martinico; Paolo La Greca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Evaluating Safeguards Benefits of Process Monitoring as compared with Nuclear Material Accountancy  

SciTech Connect

This paper illustrates potential safeguards benefits that process monitoring (PM) may have as a diversion deterrent and as a complementary safeguards measure to nuclear material accountancy (NMA). This benefit is illustrated by quantifying the standard deviation associated with detecting a considered material diversion scenario using either an NMA-based method or a PM-based approach. To illustrate the benefits of PM for effective safeguards, we consider a reprocessing facility. We assume that the diversion of interest for detection manifests itself as a loss of Pu caused by abnormally operating a dissolver for an extended period to accomplish protracted diversion (or misdirection) of Pu to a retained (unconditioned) waste stream. For detecting the occurrence of this diversion (which involves anomalous operation of the dissolver), we consider two different data evaluation and integration (DEI) approaches, one based on NMA and the other based on PM. The approach based on PM does not directly do mass balance calculations, but rather monitors for the possible occurrence of anomaly patterns related to potential loss of nuclear material. It is thus assumed that the loss of a given mass amount of nuclear material can be directly associated with the execution of proliferation-driven activities that trigger the occurrence of an anomaly pattern consisting of series of events or signatures occurring at different unit operations and time instances. By effectively assessing these events over time and space, the PM-based DEI approach tries to infer whether this specific pattern of events has occurred and how many times within a given time period. To evaluate the goodness of PM, the 3 Sigma of the estimated mass loss is computed under both DEI approaches as function of the number of input batches processed. Simulation results are discussed.

Humberto Garcia; Wen-Chiao Lin; Reed Carlson

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Passive Measurement of Organic-Scintillator Neutron Signatures for Nuclear Safeguards Applications  

SciTech Connect

At nuclear facilities, domestically and internationally, most measurement systems used for nuclear materials’ control and accountability rely on He-3 detectors. Due to resource shortages, alternatives to He-3 systems are needed. This paper presents preliminary simulation and experimental efforts to develop a fast-neutron-multiplicity counter based on liquid organic scintillators. This mission also provides the opportunity to broaden the capabilities of such safeguards measurement systems to improve current neutron-multiplicity techniques and expand the scope to encompass advanced nuclear fuels.

Jennfier L. Dolan; Eric C. Miller; Alexis C. Kaplan; Andreas Enqvist; Marek Flaska; Alice Tomanin; Paolo Peerani; David L. Chichester; Sara A. Pozzi

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Dynamic safeguard assessment of terror attacks using system dynamics method for nuclear power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the minimisation of the damage in possible terror attacks on the nuclear power plants and other nuclear facilities, a dynamic assessment is performed in the aspects of nuclear safeguard. The incidents against nuclear facilities are modelled by the time-step scenario. Several cases are explained for the illicit trafficking of radioactive material. The dynamic simulation is examined by the system dynamics method. In the modelling, there are three major models that include the nuclear insider terror, the reaction control and the nuclear forensic steps. The risk increases slowly and decreases rapidly in the result. This is the similar pattern of the September 2001 terror where many lives were lost.

Tae-Ho Woo; Un-Chul Lee; Yun-Il Kim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Manual for Implementation of the Voluntary Offer Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol with the International Atomic Energy Agency  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Manual provides detailed information for implementing the requirements of DOE O 142.2A, dated 12-15-06; the Agreement Between the United States of America and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for the Application of Safeguards in the United States; the Original Protocol to the Agreement; the Additional Protocol to the Agreement signed by the United States and the IAEA on June 12, 1998; and the Interagency Procedures for the Implementation of the U.S.-IAEA Safeguards Agreement. No cancellation. Admin Chg 1, dated 6-27-13, cancels DOE M 142.2-1. Certified 12-3-14.

1998-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

410

Manual for Implementation of the Voluntary Offer Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol with the International Atomic Energy Agency  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Manual provides detailed information for implementing the requirements of DOE O 142.2A, dated 12-15-06; the Agreement Between the United States of America and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for the Application of Safeguards in the United States; the Original Protocol to the Agreement; the Additional Protocol to the Agreement signed by the United States and the IAEA on June 12, 1998; and the Interagency Procedures for the Implementation of the U.S.-IAEA Safeguards Agreement. No cancellation. Admin Chg 1, 6-27-13

1998-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

411

Diophantine Generation,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diophantine Generation, Horizontal and Vertical Problems, and the Weak Vertical Method Alexandra Shlapentokh Diophantine Sets, Definitions and Generation Diophantine Sets Diophantine Generation Properties of Diophantine Generation Diophantine Family of Z Diophantine Family of a Polynomial Ring Going Down Horizontal

Shlapentokh, Alexandra

412

SunShot Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The SunShot Initiative homepage. The DOE SunShot Initiative is a national collaborative effort to make solar energy cost-competitive with other forms of electricity by the end of the decade.

413

Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Nuclear Research Advanced Nuclear Research Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology FY 2003 Programmatic Overview Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology Henderson/2003 Hydrogen Initiative.ppt 2 Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative Program Goal * Demonstrate the economic commercial-scale production of hydrogen using nuclear energy by 2015 Need for Nuclear Hydrogen * Hydrogen offers significant promise for reduced environmental impact of energy use, specifically in the transportation sector * The use of domestic energy sources to produce hydrogen reduces U.S. dependence on foreign oil and enhances national security * Existing hydrogen production methods are either inefficient or produce

414

Safeguard subjects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the available literature on ecobalances, relatively little attention has until now been devoted to the discussion of the ultimate objectives of ecocontrolling, i.e. to the determination of those elements of na...

Guido Beltrani

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Initial Radionuclide Inventories  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis is to provide an initial radionuclide inventory (in grams per waste package) and associated uncertainty distributions for use in the Total System Performance Assessment for the License Application (TSPA-LA) in support of the license application for the repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This document is intended for use in postclosure analysis only. Bounding waste stream information and data were collected that capture probable limits. For commercially generated waste, this analysis considers alternative waste stream projections to bound the characteristics of wastes likely to be encountered using arrival scenarios that potentially impact the commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) waste stream. For TSPA-LA, this radionuclide inventory analysis considers U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) high-level radioactive waste (DHLW) glass and two types of spent nuclear fuel (SNF): CSNF and DOE-owned (DSNF). These wastes are placed in two groups of waste packages: the CSNF waste package and the codisposal waste package (CDSP), which are designated to contain DHLW glass and DSNF, or DHLW glass only. The radionuclide inventory for naval SNF is provided separately in the classified ''Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program Technical Support Document'' for the License Application. As noted previously, the radionuclide inventory data presented here is intended only for TSPA-LA postclosure calculations. It is not applicable to preclosure safety calculations. Safe storage, transportation, and ultimate disposal of these wastes require safety analyses to support the design and licensing of repository equipment and facilities. These analyses will require radionuclide inventories to represent the radioactive source term that must be accommodated during handling, storage and disposition of these wastes. This analysis uses the best available information to identify the radionuclide inventory that is expected at the last year of last emplacement, currently identified as 2030 and 2033, depending on the type of waste. TSPA-LA uses the results of this analysis to decay the inventory to the year of repository closure projected for the year of 2060.

H. Miller

2004-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

416

Scram signal generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A scram signal generating circuit for nuclear reactor installations monitors a flow signal representing the flow rate of the liquid sodium coolant which is circulated through the reactor, and initiates reactor shutdown for a rapid variation in the flow signal, indicative of fuel motion. The scram signal generating circuit includes a long-term drift compensation circuit which processes the flow signal and generates an output signal representing the flow rate of the coolant. The output signal remains substantially unchanged for small variations in the flow signal, attributable to long term drift in the flow rate, but a rapid change in the flow signal, indicative of a fast flow variation, causes a corresponding change in the output signal. A comparator circuit compares the output signal with a reference signal, representing a given percentage of the steady state flow rate of the coolant, and generates a scram signal to initiate reactor shutdown when the output signal equals the reference signal.

Johanson, Edward W. (New Lenox, IL); Simms, Richard (Westmont, IL)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

RECRUITMENT OF U.S. CITIZENS FOR VACANCIES IN IAEA SAFEGUARDS.  

SciTech Connect

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) relies on its member states to assist with recruiting qualified individuals for positions within the IAEA's secretariat. It is likewise important to the U.S. government for U.S. citizens to take positions with the IAEA to contribute to its success. It is important for persons within and outside the U.S. nuclear and safeguards industries to become aware of the job opportunities available at the IAEA and to be informed of important vacancies as they arise. The International Safeguards Project Office (ISPO) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is tasked by the U.S. government with recruiting candidates for positions within the Department of Safeguards at the IAEA and since 1998, has been actively seeking methods for improving outreach. In addition, ISPO has been working more closely with the IAEA Division of Personnel. ISPO staff members attend trade shows to distribute information about IAEA opportunities. The shows target the nuclear industry as well as shows that are unrelated to the nuclear industry. ISPO developed a web site that provides information for prospective candidates. They have worked with the IAEA to understand its recruitment processes, to make suggestions for improvements, and to understand employment benefits so they can be communicated to potential U.S. applicants. ISPO is also collaborating with a State Department working group that is focused on increasing U.S. representation within the United Nations as a whole. Most recently Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice issued a letter to all Federal Agency heads encouraging details and transfers of their employees to international organizations to the maximum extent feasible and with due regard to their manpower requirements. She urged all federal agencies to review their detail and transfer policies and practices to ensure that employment in international organizations is promoted in a positive and active manner. In addition, she wrote that it is important that agencies examine their policies and practices for returning employees from details and transfer to ensure that reintegration procedures result in both the agency and such employees receiving optimal benefit from the international organization experience. This paper follows a 1999 paper on the same topic.

OCCHIOGROSSO, D.; PEPPER, S.

2006-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

418

DOE-STD-1171-2003; Safeguards and Security Functional Area Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-STD-1171-2003 December 2003 DOE STANDARD SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY FUNCTIONAL AREA STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1171-2003 This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000.

419

Evaluation methodology for fixed-site physical protection systems. [Safeguards Upgrade Rule  

SciTech Connect

A system performance evaluation methodology has been developed to aid the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in the implementation of new regulations designed to upgrade the physical protection of nuclear fuel cycle facilities. The evaluation methodology, called Safeguards Upgrade Rule Evaluation (SURE), provides a means of explicitly incorporating measures for highly important and often difficult to quantify performance factors, e.g., installation, maintenance, training and proficiency levels, compatibility of components in subsystems, etc. This is achieved by aggregating responses to component and system questionaires through successive levels of a functional hierarchy developed for each primary performance capability specified in the regulations, 10 CFR 73.45. An overall measure of performance for each capability is the result of this aggregation process. This paper provides a descripton of SURE.

Bennett, H.A.; Olascoaga, M.T.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Novelty detection and management to safeguard information-intensive critical infrastructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the complexity of a system increases, the number of possible faults and anomalous working conditions becomes very high; on the contrary, the number of 'normal' behaviours is generally low and often well determined by rules and constraints defined by the characteristics of the furnished services. In this paper, after a general overview of the SAFEGUARD system, a more detailed description of the agents, dedicated to early detection of anomalies and failures inside a Supervisory and Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system of an electricity transmission network is given. The paper also describes how it is possible to correlate the detected novelty events and to decide the right recovery policies avoiding inappropriate reactions caused by false alarms. A test benchmark of the novelty detection agents will be executed inside a simulated SCADA electricity transmission system and the layout of the utilised testing environment is described in the paper.

Claudio Balducelli; Luisa Lavalle; Giordano Vicoli

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Ultra-high-resolution alpha spectrometry for nuclear forensics and safeguards applications  

SciTech Connect

We will present our work on the development of ultra-high-resolution detectors for alpha particle spectrometry. These detectors, based on superconducting transition-edge sensors, offer energy resolution that is five to ten times better than conventional silicon detectors. Using these microcalorimeter detectors, the isotopic composition of mixed-actinide samples can be determined rapidly without the need for actinide separation chemistry to isolate each element, or mass spectrometry to separate isotopic signatures that can not be resolved using traditional alpha spectrometry (e.g. Pu-239/Pu-240, or Pu-238/Am-241). This paper will cover the detector and measurement system, actinide source preparation, and the quantitative isotopic analysis of a number of forensics- and safeguards-relevant radioactive sources.

Bacrania, Minesh K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Croce, Mark [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bond, Evelyn [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dry, Donald [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Moody, W. Allen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lamont, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rabin, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rim, Jung [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Audrey [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Beall, James [NIST-BOULDER; Bennett, Douglas [NIST-BOULDER; Kotsubo, Vincent [NIST-BOULDER; Horansky, Robert [NIST-BOULDER; Hilton, Gene [NIST-BOULDER; Schmidt, Daniel [NIST-BOULDER; Ullom, Joel [NIST-BOULDER; Cantor, Robin [STAR CRYOELECTRONICS

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Initiating Business with INL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Initiating Business with INL The INL Small Business Program Office (SBPO) serves as the advocate and point of contact for businesses seeking contracting opportunities. We ask you...

423

Energy Security Initiatives Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation—given at the Spring 2009 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—lists Federal government energy security initiatives.

424

2025 Power Marketing Initiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Allocations Rates 2025 Power Marketing Initiative The Loveland Area Projects (LAP) Firm Electric Service (FES) contracts expire September 30, 2024. Western Area Power...

425

1. Generation 1 1. Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Generation 1 _________________________________________________________________________ 1. Generation Sound and vibrations or, in more general terms, oscillations of matter (solids or fluids) are generated in many different dynamic processes. The basic mechanisms which underlie these oscillations

Berlin,Technische Universität

426

SunShot Initiative: Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative: High  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multidisciplinary University Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative: High Operating Temperature Fluids to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative: High Operating Temperature Fluids on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative: High Operating Temperature Fluids on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative: High Operating Temperature Fluids on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative: High Operating Temperature Fluids on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative: High Operating Temperature Fluids on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Multidisciplinary

427

Energy Security Initiatives Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Make Energy A Consideration in All We DoTM Make Energy A Consideration in All We DoTM ENERGY SECURITY INITIATIVES UPDATE Ms Karen White AFFEC On behalf of Mr Mike Aimone 1 Make Energy A Consideration in All We DoTM 2 Energy Security Initiatives AFCESA ETL 09-10 -- Aurora Electrical System Vulnerability Assessment and Mitigation Actions FUPWG-EEI CA Net Zero Energy Initiative (Vandenberg AFB, CA) Energy Security Tiger Team Visit (Ft Bliss, TX) National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL) Net Zero Pilot at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar and Naval Base Ventura County (San Nicolas Island) Smart Grid Initiatives: Maxwell AFB AL, Army BAAs (3 each); Naval Base Ventura County (San Nicholas Island) National Defense University sponsored Electric Grid War Game (Jul) Task Force on Grid Vulnerability (Gaps/Seams in S&T ) initiative (Joint

428

LOCKOUT/TAGOUT PROGRAM The purpose of the Lockout/Tagout program is to safeguard employees from unexpected start-up of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LOCKOUT/TAGOUT PROGRAM The purpose of the Lockout/Tagout program is to safeguard employees from the Lockout/Tagout Program, please contact the EH&S Occupational Health and Safety Program at 725-3209. #12;

429

A new fast neutron collar for safeguards inspection measurements of fresh low enriched uranium fuel assemblies containing burnable poison rods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Safeguards inspection measurements must be performed in a timely manner in order to detect the diversion of significant quantities of nuclear material. A shorter measurement time can increase the number of items that a nuclear safeguards inspector can reliably measure during a period of access to a nuclear facility. In turn, this improves the reliability of the acquired statistical sample, which is used to inform decisions regarding compliance. Safeguards inspection measurements should also maintain independence from facility operator declarations. Existing neutron collars employ thermal neutron interrogation for safeguards inspection measurements of fresh fuel assemblies. A new fast neutron collar has been developed for safeguards inspection measurements of fresh low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel assemblies containing gadolinia (Gd2O3) burnable poison rods. The Euratom Fast Collar (EFC) was designed with high neutron detection efficiency to make a fast (Cd) mode measurement viable whilst meeting the high counting precision and short assay time requirements of the Euratom safeguards inspectorate. A fast mode measurement reduces the instrument sensitivity to burnable poison rod content and therefore reduces the applied poison correction, consequently reducing the dependence on the operator declaration of the poison content within an assembly. The EFC non-destructive assay (NDA) of typical modern European pressurized water reactor (PWR) fresh fuel assembly designs have been simulated using Monte Carlo N-particle extended transport code (MCNPX) simulations. Simulations predict that the EFC can achieve 2% relative statistical uncertainty on the doubles neutron counting rate for a fast mode measurement in an assay time of 600 s (10 min) with the available 241AmLi (?,n) interrogation source strength of 5.7×104 s?1. Furthermore, the calibration range of the new collar has been extended to verify 235U content in variable PWR fuel designs in the presence of up to 32 gadolinia burnable poison rods with Gd concentrations of up to 12 wt%. Monte Carlo calculations predict that the EFC has a lower statistical uncertainty for measurements performed in the fast neutron mode than its predecessor neutron collar design. This paper describes the physics design and calculated performance characteristics of the EFC. The Gd response is presented over a realistic range for modern PWR fuel designs.

Louise G. Evans; Martyn T. Swinhoe; Howard O. Menlove; Peter Schwalbach; Paul De Baere; Michael C. Browne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Clean Coal Power Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

"Clean coal technology" describes a new generation of energy processes that sharply reduce air emissions and other pollutants from coal-burning power plants.

431

Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Manufacturing technologies for cleaner energy generation, distribution, and use represents an important opportunity for U.S. economic growth, energy security, and accelerated innovation. Likewise,...

432

National Nanotechnology Initiative  

Office of Science (SC) Website

National National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Materials Sciences & Engineering (MSE) Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences (CSGB) Accelerator and Detector Research Research Conduct Policies DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Energy Frontier Research Centers National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Nanomaterials ES&H Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » Research National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI)

433

Distributed Generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Untapped Value of Backup Generation Untapped Value of Backup Generation While new guidelines and regulations such as IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 1547 have come a long way in addressing interconnection standards for distributed generation, utilities have largely overlooked the untapped potential of these resources. Under certain conditions, these units (primarily backup generators) represent a significant source of power that can deliver utility services at lower costs than traditional centralized solutions. These backup generators exist today in large numbers and provide utilities with another option to reduce peak load, relieve transmission congestion, and improve power reliability. Backup generation is widely deployed across the United States. Carnegie Mellon's Electricity

434

Nuclear Workforce Initiative - SRSCRO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nuclear Nuclear Workforce Initiative The United States stands on the brink of a nuclear renaissance - a resurging confidence in the power of the clean, safe atom to finally conquer...

435

Strategic Initiatives Work Group  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Work Group, comprised of members representing DOE, contractor and worker representatives, provides a forum for information sharing; data collection and analysis; as well as, identifying best practices and initiatives to enhance safety performance and safety culture across the Complex.

436

Design and development of a 3He replacement safeguards neutron counter based on 10B-lined proportional detector technology  

SciTech Connect

This presentation represents an overview of the experimental evaluation of a boron-lined proportional technology performed within an NA-241 sponsored project on testing of boron-lined proportional counters for the purpose of replacement of {sup 3}He technologies. The presented boron-lined technology will be utilized in a design of a full scale safeguards neutron coincidence counter. The design considerations and the Monte Carlo performance predictions for the counter are also presented.

Henzlova, Daniela [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Evans, Louise [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rael, Carlos D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Isaac P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Marlow, Johnna B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

437

SunShot Initiative: SunShot Initiative Fellowships  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About About Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to SunShot Initiative: SunShot Initiative Fellowships to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: SunShot Initiative Fellowships on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: SunShot Initiative Fellowships on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: SunShot Initiative Fellowships on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: SunShot Initiative Fellowships on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: SunShot Initiative Fellowships on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: SunShot Initiative Fellowships on AddThis.com... Accomplishments Visiting the SunShot Office Fellowships Postdoctoral Research Contacts SunShot Initiative Fellowships SunShot fellowships provide an opportunity for scientists, engineers, and researchers to lead and improve projects to meet the goals of the SunShot

438

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

18-year phase-outs, with safeguard restrictions. Beef andwith the sizable initial safeguard quantity, the within-restrictive. The initial safeguard quantity for apples is

Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

FEMO, A FLOW AND ENRICHMENT MONITOR FOR VERIFYING COMPLIANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL SAFEGUARDS REQUIREMENTS AT A GAS CENTRIFUGE ENRICHMENT FACILITY  

SciTech Connect

A number of countries have received construction licenses or are contemplating the construction of large-capacity gas centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs). The capability to independently verify nuclear material flows is a key component of international safeguards approaches, and the IAEA does not currently have an approved method to continuously monitor the mass flow of 235U in uranium hexafluoride (UF6) gas streams. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is investigating the development of a flow and enrichment monitor, or FEMO, based on an existing blend-down monitoring system (BDMS). The BDMS was designed to continuously monitor both 235U mass flow and enrichment of UF6 streams at the low pressures similar to those which exists at GCEPs. BDMSs have been installed at three sites-the first unit has operated successfully in an unattended environment for approximately 10 years. To be acceptable to GCEP operators, it is essential that the instrument be installed and maintained without interrupting operations. A means to continuously verify flow as is proposed by FEMO will likely be needed to monitor safeguards at large-capacity plants. This will enable the safeguards effectiveness that currently exists at smaller plants to be maintained at the larger facilities and also has the potential to reduce labor costs associated with inspections at current and future plants. This paper describes the FEMO design requirements, operating capabilities, and development work required before field demonstration.

Gunning, John E [ORNL; Laughter, Mark D [ORNL; March-Leuba, Jose A [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Ways & Means PRIME: Probabilistic Initial 3D Model Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google Inc., 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA *Correspondence: hael University Medical School, Fairchild Building, 1st Floor, 299 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305-5126, USA 2- dividual biomolecules (single-particle cryo-EM) is a powerful tool for obtaining information about

Tomkins, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation safeguards initiative" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Generation Planning (pbl/generation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation Hydro Power Wind Power Monthly GSP BPA White Book Dry Year Tools Firstgov Generation Planning Thumbnail image of BPA White Book BPA White Book (1998 - 2011) Draft Dry...

442

Opening Remarks At The Third International Meeting On Next Generation  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Remarks At The Third International Meeting On Next Generation Remarks At The Third International Meeting On Next Generation Safeguards | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Speeches > Opening Remarks At The Third International Meeting ... Speech Opening Remarks At The Third International Meeting On Next Generation

443

Safeguards Verification Measurements using Laser Ablation, Absorbance Ratio Spectrometry in Gaseous Centrifuge Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect

Laser Ablation Absorbance Ratio Spectrometry (LAARS) is a new verification measurement technology under development at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). LAARS uses three lasers to ablate and then measure the relative isotopic abundance of uranium compounds. An ablation laser is tightly focused on uranium-bearing solids, producing a small atomic uranium vapor plume. Two collinear wavelength-tuned spectrometry lasers transit through the plume and the absorbance of U-235 and U-238 isotopes are measured to determine U-235 enrichment. The measurement is independent of chemical form and degree of dilution with nuisance dust and other materials. LAARS has high relative precision and detection limits approaching the femtogram range for U-235. The sample is scanned and assayed point-by-point at rates reaching 1 million measurements/hour, enabling LAARS to detect and analyze uranium in trace samples. The spectrometer is assembled using primarily commercially available components and features a compact design and automated analysis.Two specific gaseous centrifuge enrichment plant (GCEP) applications of the spectrometer are currently under development: 1) LAARS-Environmental Sampling (ES), which collects and analyzes aerosol particles for GCEP misuse detection and 2) LAARS-Destructive Assay (DA), which enables onsite enrichment DA sample collection and analysis for protracted diversion detection. The two applications propose game-changing technological advances in GCEP safeguards verification.

Anheier, Norman C.; Cannon, Bret D.; Kulkarni, Gourihar R.; Munley, John T.; Nelson, Danny A.; Qiao, Hong (Amy) [Amy; Phillips, Jon R.

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

444

Inspector General audit report on Transportation Safeguards Division courier work schedules and escort vehicle replacements  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Inspector General`s (OIG) April 1995 report found that couriers received too much overtime and incurred too much unproductive time. This finding occurred because the Transportation Safeguards Division (TSD) employed a traditional work schedule that did not meet the demands of the job. The report recommended implementing an alternative work schedule that corresponded more closely to the couriers` actual work requirements. Management agreed to conduct a comparative analysis of work schedules to evaluate potential savings. The objectives of this audit were to (1) follow up on actions taken as a result of the OIG`s previous report, (2) determine if courier work schedules are cost effective, and (3) determine the cost effectiveness of escort vehicle replacements. The authors recommend: (1) implementing an alternative work schedule for courier which would achieve savings in overtime and unproductive time, while efficiently and cost effectively fulfilling TSD`s mission; (2) reexamining and adjusting the staffing level of each courier section in relation to the workload requirements in the area; and (3) discontinuing payment for travel time between courier lodging and temporary duty stations. The Albuquerque Operations Office agreed with the auditor`s findings and recommendations.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

SAFEGUARD seat/compartment evaluation methodology for vehicles with suspended seats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Back pain is observed in a high percentage of professional drivers of heavy-duty vehicles and trucks. It was found that whole-body vibrations, prolonged sitting and posture, because of task handling and seating system, are the main factors in the development of back pain. The attenuation of vibrations and the provision of a good ergonomic posture at all times are therefore becoming more important. To achieve this a better knowledge of human behaviour towards vibrations and when seated on suspended seats is required using more appropriate evaluation techniques. The EC project SAFEGUARD aims at developing a new seat evaluation methodology where with controlled vibration tests and virtual reality simulations as many features as possible of human behaviour when seated on suspended seats are combined. The results of this combined methodology will lead to better understanding of the driver–seat–cabin system and the relation to comfort and health. They will also provide a more accurate way to interpret the efficiency of new seat features in improving comfort and health.

I Hostens; A Amditis; O Stefani; M Dangelmaier; E Bekiaris; H Schaerli; A Bullinger; H Ramon

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

SunShot Initiative: SunShot Photovoltaic Manufacturing Initiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SunShot Photovoltaic SunShot Photovoltaic Manufacturing Initiative to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: SunShot Photovoltaic Manufacturing Initiative on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: SunShot Photovoltaic Manufacturing Initiative on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: SunShot Photovoltaic Manufacturing Initiative on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: SunShot Photovoltaic Manufacturing Initiative on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: SunShot Photovoltaic Manufacturing Initiative on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: SunShot Photovoltaic Manufacturing Initiative on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics Research & Development Competitive Awards Diversity in Science and Technology Advances National Clean Energy in Solar Grid Engineering for Accelerated Renewable Energy Deployment

447

Innovation Ecosystem Development Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovation Ecosystem Development Initiative Innovation Ecosystem Development Initiative Funding Opportunity Number DE-FOA-0000356 Applicant (Legal Name) University of Utah Technology Commercialization Office Location: Salt Lake City, UT Project Title Energy Innovation Commercialization Center Proposed Action or Project Description The project proposes to create an Energy Innovation Commercialization Center at the University of Utah. The scope of work for this project is in two phases: tasks necessary to create the Center and actual commercialization and outreach to other institutions. Specific activities for Phase I for the Center startup include 1) negotiating contract, prepare correspondence, establishing website, meetings, scheduling activities, developing metrics, and designing and creating a database. Phase 2 activities for Center

448

The President's Manufacturing Initiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The President's The President's Manufacturing Initiative Manufacturing Initiative Roadmap Workshop on Roadmap Workshop on Manufacturing R&D for Manufacturing R&D for the Hydrogen Economy the Hydrogen Economy Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. July 13, 2005 July 13, 2005 Dale Hall Dale Hall Acting Chair, Interagency Working Group on Acting Chair, Interagency Working Group on Manufacturing Research and Development Manufacturing Research and Development National Science and Technology Council National Science and Technology Council and and Director, Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory Director, Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology U.S. Department of Commerce U.S. Department of Commerce

449

RCRA facility stabilization initiative  

SciTech Connect

The RCRA Facility Stabilization Initiative was developed as a means of implementing the Corrective Action Program`s management goals recommended by the RIS for stabilizing actual or imminent releases from solid waste management units that threaten human health and the environment. The overall goal of stabilization is to, as situations warrant, control or abate threats to human health and/or the environment from releases at RCRA facilities, and/or to prevent or minimize the further spread of contamination while long-term remedies are pursued. The Stabilization initiative is a management philosophy and should not be confused with stabilization technologies.

Not Available

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Clean Coal Power Initiative  

SciTech Connect

This report is the fifth quarterly Technical Progress Report submitted by NeuCo, Incorporated, under Award Identification Number, DE-FC26-04NT41768. This award is part of the Clean Coal Power Initiative (''CCPI''), the ten-year, $2B initiative to demonstrate new clean coal technologies in the field. This report is one of the required reports listed in Attachment B Federal Assistance Reporting Checklist, part of the Cooperative Agreement. The report covers the award period January 1, 2006 - March 31, 2006 and NeuCo's efforts within design, development, and deployment of on-line optimization systems during that period.

Doug Bartlett; Rob James; John McDermott; Neel Parikh; Sanjay Patnaik; Camilla Podowski

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

451

LA-UR-10-05336  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

3) 3) September 2012 Guidance for Research Reactors and Critical Assemblies 1 LA-UR-12-26349 Safeguards by Design (SBD): Safeguards Guidance for Research Reactors and Critical Assemblies September 2012 Paul Pan Brian Boyer Chantell Murphy Los Alamos National Laboratory Sponsored by the NNSA-NA-241 Office of Nuclear Safeguards & Security: Safeguards Policy 2 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The United States Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Agency Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security: Safeguards Policy (NA-241), under the Safeguards-by-Design Project, provided the funding from the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative to sponsor this endeavor. The authors wish to thank NA-241 for its input, support, and guidance in preparing this final

452

Mississippi Clean Energy Initiative | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mississippi Clean Energy Initiative Mississippi Clean Energy Initiative Mississippi Clean Energy Initiative < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 07/01/2010 State Mississippi Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount 100% exemption from income, franchise, and sales and use tax for 10 years Provider Mississippi Development Authority In April 2010, the Mississippi Legislature enacted [http://billstatus.ls.state.ms.us/documents/2010/pdf/HB/1700-1799/HB1701S... HB 1701], establishing the Mississippi Clean Energy Initiative. This program provides an incentive for companies that manufacture systems or components used to generate renewable energy, including biomass, solar,

453

Innovation Ecosystem Development Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Program or Field Office: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: Innovation Ecosystem Development Initiative Funding Opportunity Number DE-FOA-0000356 Applicant (Legal Name) Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems Location: Cambridge, MA Project Title TechBridge Energy Innovation Acceleration Program

454

INITIATIVES and CAMPAIGN LAUNCH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to develop a culture of safety for all our community members · To achieve this, York U has been working1 SAFETY INITIATIVES and CAMPAIGN LAUNCH COMMUNITY SAFETY COUNCIL COMMUNITY UPDATE 30 January 2013 the person per thousand compared to Toronto #12;4 University's Safety Plan · In June 2010, the Metropolitan

455

Sustainability Initiative Executive Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UW­Madison Sustainability Initiative Executive Summary October 2010 #12;2 We are pleased to present the final report of the campus Sustainability Task Force. This report fulfills the charge we gave to sustainability for consideration by UW­Madison's leadership and campus community. There are many reasons why

Sheridan, Jennifer

456

Solar America Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Amonix, Inc. Amonix, Inc. Low Cost High Concentration PV Systems for Utility Power Generation Project Description: The principal objective of the project is to transition Amonix's concentrating photovoltaic (PV) systems from low-volume to high-volume production. Significance: Utility scale mainstream power generation will be achieved using concentrating MegaModules. Amonix will take advantage of high-volume production (previously non-existent in the concentrating PV sector) to significantly reduce costs associated with the current low-volume concentrating PV market. Location: Leadership of the project will be based out of Torrance California. The following Amonix team members will perform additional work in the following states: New Jersey - CYRO

457

Diversity Initiatives | Careers | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

View Open Positions View Open Positions View Open Positions Create A Profile Internal applicants please apply here View or update your current application or profile. External applicants Internal applicants Internet Explorer Browser preferred for ORNL applicants. Chrome is not currently supported. For more information about browser compatibility please refer to the FAQs. If you have difficulty using the online application system or need an accommodation to apply due to a disability, please email ORNLRecruiting@ornl.gov or phone 1-866-963-9545 Careers Home | ORNL | Careers | Diversity | Diversity Initiatives SHARE Diversity Initiatives Diversity Events and Observances An important part of diversity is providing activities that promote cultural understanding and awareness. There are a broad array of events on

458

DOE Exascale Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Exascale Initiative Dimitri Kusnezov, Senior Advisor to the Secretary, US DOE Steve Binkley, Senior Advisor, Office of Science, US DOE Bill Harrod, Office of Science/ASCR Bob Meisner, Defense Programs/ASC Briefing to the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board, September 13, 2013 The Department of Energy is planning for a major computer and computational science initiative anchored in our mission challenges. We use the term 'exascale' to capture the successful transition to the next era of computing in the 2020 timeframe. Change is coming in many ways, not just technology. For instance: World we were in World we are going to Processing/ Processing expensive/ Processing free/ Memory: memory free memory expensive Ecosystem US micro-electronics Globalization of supply chain

459

Innovation Ecosystem Development Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovation Ecosystem Development Initiative Innovation Ecosystem Development Initiative Funding Opportunity Number DE-FOA-0000356 Applicant (Legal Name) The Regents of the University of California, UC San Diego Location: La Jolla, CA Project Title Regional Energy Innovation and Commercialization Proposed Action or Project Description The University of California San Diego and San Diego State University are partnering to address deficiencies in the process for translation of research discoveries to the private sector in the clean energy space in the greater San Diego region and accelerate the movement of clean energy innovation from the university laboratory into the marketplace. The Phase I objective for launching the Regional Energy Innovation Challenge includes tasks such as: 1) project management and planning (organizing advisory

460

President's Hydrogen Fuel Initiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Fuel Initiative Hydrogen Fuel Initiative Workshop on Manufacturing R&D for the Hydrogen Economy Washington, DC July 13, 2005 JoAnn Milliken DOE Hydrogen Program Planning U.S. Energy Dependence is Driven By Transportation * The U.S. imports 55% of its oil; expected to grow to 68% by 2025 under the status quo. * Transportation accounts for 2/3 of the 20 million barrels of oil our nation uses each day. * Gasoline hybrid electric vehicles will help in the near -mid term; a replacement for petroleum is needed for the long-term. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 Million barrels per day Marine Rail Actual Projection Cars Air Light Trucks Heavy Vehicles U.S. Production Off-Road Projection Hydrogen Provides a Solution Producing hydrogen from domestic resources, including renewable, nuclear, and coal

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461

Asset Revitalization Initiative ARI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Asset Revitalization Initiative Asset Revitalization Initiative ( ARI ) Mission * Community * Reuse ARI is a DOE-wide effort to advance the beneficial reuse of the agency's unique and diverse mix of assets, including land, facilities, infrastructure, equipment, technologies, natural resources, and highly skilled workforce. ARI promotes an efficient business environment to encourage collaboration between public and private resources. ARI integrates DOE missions with community interests. ARI is... Our Vision By 2020: Operations are conducted in a sustainable manner; facilities and transit are powered by clean energy. Site infrastructure is modern, adaptable, and efficient. Public-private partnerships thrive and are creating new jobs while helping meet future workforce needs. Local communities are connected to the site, and site activities

462

ARI Asset Revitalization Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

( ( ARI ) Asset Revitalization Initiative Mission * Community * Reuse Highlights continue on Page 2 The Business Incubator Center Wins the NBIA Dinah Atkins Incubator of the Year Award april �, ���� - One of 7,000 incubators in the world and located on the Department of Energy's Grand Junction campus, The Business Incubator Center won the National Business Incubator Association Dinah Atkins Incubator of the Year award in the General and Special Focus category. For

463

Innovation Ecosystem Development Initiative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Program or Field Office: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: Innovation Ecosystem Development Initiative Funding Opportunity Number DE-FOA-0000356 Applicant (Legal Name) University of Central Florida Location: Orlando, FL Project Title MegaWatt Ventures Proposed Action or Project Description The University of Central Florida is dedicated to creating innovative programs that accelerate the

464

MPhil initiatives summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Sustainable development for large infrastructure projects (50% input from CU, 50% from MIT) Planning for sustainable development (MIT course tailored for CU) Sustainable energy (MIT course tailored for CU) Design for developing countries (MIT course tailored... CMI Summary of MPhil Initiatives M.Phil in BioScience Enterprise (launched October 2002). Aimed at bio-entrepreneurs, this programme offers teaching on the latest advances in biomedical science, business management, and ethical, legal...

2009-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

465

Modeling of UF{sub 6} enrichment with gas centrifuges for nuclear safeguards activities  

SciTech Connect

The physical modeling of uranium isotopes ({sup 235}U, {sup 238}U) separation process by centrifugation of is a key aspect for predicting the nuclear fuel enrichment plant performances under surveillance by the Nuclear Safeguards Authorities. In this paper are illustrated some aspects of the modeling of fast centrifuges for UF{sub 6} gas enrichment and of a typical cascade enrichment plant with the Theoretical Centrifuge and Cascade Simulator (TCCS). The background theory for reproducing the flow field characteristics of a centrifuge is derived from the work of Cohen where the separation parameters are calculated using the solution of a differential enrichment equation. In our case we chose to solve the hydrodynamic equations for the motion of a compressible fluid in a centrifugal field using the Berman - Olander vertical velocity radial distribution and the solution was obtained using the Matlab software tool. The importance of a correct estimation of the centrifuge separation parameters at different flow regimes, lies in the possibility to estimate in a reliable way the U enrichment plant performances, once the separation external parameters are set (feed flow rate and feed, product and tails assays). Using the separation parameters of a single centrifuge allow to determine the performances of an entire cascade and, for this purpose; the software Simulink was used. The outputs of the calculation are the concentrations (assays) and the flow rates of the enriched (product) and depleted (tails) gas mixture. These models represent a valid additional tool, in order to verify the compliance of the U enrichment plant operator declarations with the 'on site' inspectors' measurements.

Mercurio, G.; Peerani, P.; Richir, P.; Janssens, W.; Eklund, G. [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements Via Fermi, 2749-TP181,20127 Ispra (Italy)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

466

Cloud Initialization in the Rapid Update Cycle of HIRLAM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Nowcasting Satellite Application Facility (NWC SAF) cloud mask from the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite is introduced in the initialization step of an hourly Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) of the High Resolution Limited Area Model (HIRLAM)...

Siebren de Haan; Siebe H. van der Veen

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Thermoelectric Generators 1. Thermoelectric generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Cold Hot I - -- - - - - -- Figure 1 Electron concentration in a thermoelectric material. #12;2 A large1 Thermoelectric Generators HoSung Lee 1. Thermoelectric generator 1.1 Basic Equations In 1821 on the direction of current and material [3]. This is called the Thomson effect (or Thomson heat). These three

Lee, Ho Sung

468

Improved Method of Fission Track Sample Preparation for Detecting Particles Containing Fissile Materials in Safeguards Environmental Samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed an effective method for fission track (FT) sample preparation to perform particle analysis of the safeguards environmental samples by the FT-thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) method. In this method, a FT detector and the layer containing particles are separated. The main feature of the developed FT sample is that the detection of a particle from the corresponding FT can be performed correctly and in a simple manner by fixing each one end of the detector and the particle layer and by using an etching tool. It is expected that this method will enhance the effectiveness of particle analysis.

Chi-Gyu Lee; Kazunari Iguchi; Fumitaka Esaka; Masaaki Magara; Satoshi Sakurai; Kazuo Watanabe; Shigekazu Usuda

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Implications of Export/Import Reporting Requirements in the United States - International Atomic Energy Agency Safeguards Additional Protocol  

SciTech Connect

The United States has signed but not ratified the US/IAEA Safeguards Additional Protocol. If ratified, the Additional Protocol will require the US to report to the IAEA certain nuclear-related exports and imports to the IAEA. This document identifies and assesses the issues associated with the US making those reports. For example, some regulatory changes appear to be necessary. The document also attempts to predict the impact on the DOE Complex by assessing the historical flow of exports and imports that would be reportable if the Additional Protocol were in force.

Killinger, Mark H.; Benjamin, Eugene L.; McNair, Gary W.

2001-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

470

Through bulkhead initiator studies  

SciTech Connect

This report describes recent work done to demonstrate feasibility of a fail-safe Through Bulkhead Initiator with minimum dimensions and suitable for use in cyclical thermal environments. Much of the ground work for a fail-safe TBI was previously done by A.C. Schwartz. This study is an expansion of Schwartz`s work to evaluate devices with bulkheads of 304 stainless steel and Inconel 718; explosive donors of PETN, BNCP, and a 0.005 inch thick steel flying plate donor traveling at 2.6 mm/{micro}s; and explosive acceptors of PETN and BNCP. Bulkhead thickness were evaluated in the range of 0.040 to 0.180 inch. The explosive acceptors initiated a small HMX pellet to drive a 0.005 inch thick steel flying plate, and VISAR histories of the HMX-driven flying plates were the measure of acceptable performance. A companion set of samples used a PMMA acceptor to measure the particle velocities at the bulkhead/PMMA interface with VISAR. These data were used to compute the input pressure to the acceptor explosives in an attempt to measure initiation threshold. Unfortunately, the range of bulkhead thicknesses tested did not give any failures, thus the threshold was not determined. It was found that either explosive or the flying plate would perform as a TBI in the bulkhead thickness range tested. The optimum TBI is about 0.060 inches thick, and steel bulkheads seem to be more structurally sound than those made of Inconel. That is, cross section views of the Inconel bulkheads showed it to be more prone to stress cracking than was the 304 stainless steel. Both PETN and BNCP showed good performance when tested at {minus}65 F following thermal cycling of {minus}65 F to +165 F. Analysis of the TBI function times showed that BNCP acceptor explosives were undergoing the classical deflagration to detonation process. The PETN acceptors were undergoing prompt detonation.

Begeal, D.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Explosive Subsystems and Materials Dept.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

NETL: Educational Initiatives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 FLUIDIZED BED Created by Teachers, Engineers, and Scientists Lesson Plan Created By: Nancy Hazuka (Grades 9 - 12) Mary Jane Glitz (Grades 9 - 12) David L. Herring (Grades 9 - 12) David L. Murray (Grades 6 - 8) In Collaboration With: J. Christopher Ludlow, Ph.D., Chemical Engineer United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory BACKGROUND /INFORMATION FOR FLUIDIZED BEDS Fluidized-bed combustion provides a highly efficient means of generating low-cost electricity from coal and other fuels with minimal impact on the environment. This promising new technology will enable our Nation to continue to rely on coal to help meet our growing energy needs in the future, and at the same time, help solve environmental problems. It is also expected to capture a share of the emerging global market for cleaner power generation technologies. Power Magazine has called the development of fluidized-bed coal combustors "the commercial success story of the last decade in the power generation business." U.S. Department of Energy - National Energy Technology Laboratory Fluidizied-Bed Combustion [April 1998]

472

Green Initiatives and Contracting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GSA Is Now Training Contracting GSA Is Now Training Contracting Officers In Green Purchasing Green Purchasing for the Federal Acquisition Work Force * introduction to the federal green purchasing program * assists learners with identifying green products * discusses factors that shape federal green purchasing initiatives https://cae.gsa.gov 2 "There's some challenges here" "Environmental Aisle" in the GSA Advantage electronic-purchasing website for federal buyers to find green products Environmental Protection Agency provides regular updates on EPA- approved "environmentally preferable" products. 3 GSA Designations for Green Products * Building Construction * Traffic Control * Landscaping * Roadway Construction * Building Interior *

473

Feedback stabilization initiative  

SciTech Connect

Much progress has been made in attaining high confinement regimes in magnetic confinement devices. These operating modes tend to be transient, however, due to the onset of MHD instabilities, and their stabilization is critical for improved performance at steady state. This report describes the Feedback Stabilization Initiative (FSI), a broad-based, multi-institutional effort to develop and implement methods for raising the achievable plasma betas through active MHD feedback stabilization. A key element in this proposed effort is the Feedback Stabilization Experiment (FSX), a medium-sized, national facility that would be specifically dedicated to demonstrating beta improvement in reactor relevant plasmas by using a variety of MHD feedback stabilization schemes.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

UNLV Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative  

SciTech Connect

Evaluation of the Crack growth rate (CGR) of Alloy 617 and Alloy 276 under constant K at ambient temperature has been completed. Creep deformation of Alloy 230 at different temperature range and load level has been completed and heat to heat variation has been noticed. Creep deformation study of Alloy 276 has been completed under an applied initial stress level of 10% of yield stress at 950ºC. The grain size evaluation of the tested creep specimens of Alloy 276 has been completed.

Hechanova, Anthony E.; Allen Johnson; Brendan O'Toole; Mohamed Trabia; Per Peterson

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

475

Quasiseparable Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is clear from the preceding chapter that any matrix has quasiseparable representations. By padding given quasiseparable generators with zero matrices of large sizes one ... large orders. However, one is lookin...

Yuli Eidelman; Israel Gohberg…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The `Policy of Hannover Medical School (MHH) on the safeguarding of good scientific practice and procedural rules for dealing with scientific misconduct' set out below was approved by the MHH Senate in its meeting on 10 February 1999, and updated both on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The `Policy of Hannover Medical School (MHH) on the safeguarding of good scientific practice School on the safeguarding of good scientific practice and procedural rules for dealing with scientific of Marburg on the same issues. The `Proposals for Safeguarding Good Scientific Practice', issued by the DFG

Manstein, Dietmar J.

477

NNSAs Management of the $245 million Nuclear Materials Safeguards and Security Upgrades Project Phase II at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NNSA's Management of the $245 NNSA's Management of the $245 Million Nuclear Materials Safeguards and Security Upgrades Project Phase II DOE/IG-0901 January 2014 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General Office of Audits and Inspections Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 January 2, 2014 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Special Report on "NNSA's Management of the $245