Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Power Generation Loading Optimization using a Multi-Objective Constraint-Handling Method via  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

results of the power generation loading optimization based on a coal-fired power plant demonstrates algorithm in solving significant industrial problems. I. INTRODUCTION Most power generation plants have.e., heat rate/NOx vs. load, for a given plant condition. There are two objectives for the power generation

Li, Xiaodong

2

Optimization Online - Dynamic Generation of Scenario Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 3, 2014 ... Abstract: We present new algorithms for the dynamic generation of scenario trees for multistage stochastic optimization. The different methods ...

G. Ch. Pflug

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

3

Derivative Free Optimization Methods for Optimizing Stirrer ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It also gives a comparison of the two optimization algorithms. Key words: Energy, Numerical Optimization, Derivative-Free Optimization,. Computational Fluid ... numerical simulations are needed for the computation of the fluid flow inside the stirrer for ..... Optimization Methods and Software, 20 (2005) 493-508. [6] A. R. Conn ...

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Method of grid generation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a method of grid generation that uses the geometry of the problem space and the governing relations to generate a grid. The method can generate a grid with minimized discretization errors, and with minimal user interaction. The method of the present invention comprises assigning grid cell locations so that, when the governing relations are discretized using the grid, at least some of the discretization errors are substantially zero. Conventional grid generation is driven by the problem space geometry; grid generation according to the present invention is driven by problem space geometry and by governing relations. The present invention accordingly can provide two significant benefits: more efficient and accurate modeling since discretization errors are minimized, and reduced cost grid generation since less human interaction is required.

Barnette, Daniel W. (Veguita, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Optimization Online - Conjugate gradient methods based on secant ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 28, 2011 ... Conjugate gradient methods based on secant conditions that generate descent search directions for unconstrained optimization.

Y Narushima

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

6

NEWTON'S METHOD FOR MULTIOBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The method does not scalarize the original vector optimization problem, ... for an optimization problem with an objective function with a partially ordered vector ...

7

The optimal prediction method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mathematics. In optimal prediction. Communications press,and R. Kupferman. On the prediction of large- scale dynamicsand D. Levy. Optimal prediction and pertur- bation theory.

Burin des Roziers, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Optimization Online - Cut Generation for Optimization Problems with ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 26, 2014 ... Cut Generation for Optimization Problems with Multivariate Risk Constraints. Simge Küçükyavuz (kucukyavuz.2 ***at*** osu.edu) Nilay Noyan ...

Simge Küçükyavuz

2014-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

9

Toward optimized code generation through model-based optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward optimized code generation through model- based optimization Asma Charfi, Chokri Mraidha.gerard, francois.terrier}@cea.fr Pierre Boulet LIFL, CNRS/INRIA, Université de Lille 1, Parc de la Haute Borne, Bât tools like synthesis of system's application by automatic code generation. Real-Time and Embedded

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

10

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-54447. Distributed Generation Dispatch OptimizationA Business Case for On-Site Generation: The BD Biosciencesrelated work. Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Optimal Integrated Code Generation for Clustered VLIW Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

allows us to describe and optimize for irregular register and memory structures. In order to obtain or the power consumption, or by an efficient utilization of registers. Generating code consists in solving scheduling, and register allocation. We describe a method for fully integrated optimal code genera- tion

Kessler, Christoph

12

Optimal Integrated Code Generation for Clustered VLIW Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

allows us to describe and optimize for irregular register and memory structures. In order to obtain or the power consumption, or by an efficient utilization of registers. Generating code consists in solving scheduling, and register allocation. We describe a method for fully integrated optimal code genera­ tion

Kessler, Christoph

13

The EXODUS Optimizer Generator Goetz Graefe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Algebraic transformation rules are translated into an execut- able query optimizer, which transforms query for an existing operator in the query language. To achieve this, the EXODUS design consists of a powerful, highlyThe EXODUS Optimizer Generator Goetz Graefe David J. DeWitt Computer Sciences Department University

Liblit, Ben

14

Model-Based Transient Calibration Optimization for Next Generation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Model-Based Transient Calibration Optimization for Next Generation Diesel Engines Model-Based Transient Calibration Optimization for Next Generation Diesel Engines 2005 Diesel...

15

NERSC Leads Next-Generation Code Optimization Effort  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Leads Next-Generation Code Optimization Effort NERSC Launches Next-Generation Code Optimization Effort NERSC, Intel, Cray team up to prepare users for transition to exascale...

16

Optimization Online - Level methods uniformly optimal for composite ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apr 19, 2011 ... Level methods uniformly optimal for composite and structured nonsmooth convex optimization. Guanghui Lan (glan ***at*** ise.ufl.edu).

Guanghui Lan

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

17

Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building America Top Innovation Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building America Top Innovation House graphic...

18

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time of use United States Postal Service v Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization Under Various Electricity Tariffs

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Optimization Online - Newton's Method for Multiobjective Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 1, 2008 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

Joerg Fliege

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Bismuth generator method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for separating .sup.213 Bi from a solution of radionuclides wherein the solution contains a concentration of the chloride ions and hydrogen ions adjusted to allow the formation of a chloride complex. The solution is then brought into contact with an anion exchange resin, whereupon .sup.213 Bi is absorbed from the solution and adhered onto the anion exchange resin in the chloride complex. Other non-absorbing radionuclides such as .sup.225 Ra, .sup.225 Ac, and .sup.221 Fr, along with HCl are removed from the anion exchange resin with a scrub solution. The .sup.213 Bi is removed from the anion exchange resin by washing the anion exchange resin with a stripping solution free of chloride ions and with a reduced hydrogen ion concentration which breaks the chloride anionic complex, releasing the .sup.213 Bi as a cation. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the anion exchange resin is provided as a thin membrane, allowing for extremely rapid adherence and stripping of the .sup.213 Bi. A preferred stripping solution for purification of .sup.213 Bi for use in medical applications includes sodium acetate, pH 5.5. A protein conjugated with bifunctional chelating agents in vivo with the NaOAc, to receive the .sup.213 Bi as it is being released from the anion exchange resin.

Bray, Lane Allan (Richland, WA); DesChane, Jaquetta R. (Pasco, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Optimal generation of entanglement under local control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the optimal generation of entanglement between two qubits subject to local unitary control. With the only assumptions of linear control and unitary dynamics, by means of a numerical protocol based on the variational approach (Pontryagin's Minimum Principle), we evaluate the optimal control strategy leading to the maximal achievable entanglement in an arbitrary interaction time, taking into account the energy cost associated to the controls. In our model we can arbitrarily choose the relative weight between a large entanglement and a small energy cost.

Raffaele Romano; Alessio Del Fabbro

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

22

Optimization of Water Consumption in Second Generation Bioethanol Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimization of Water Consumption in Second Generation Bioethanol Plants Mariano Martína optimization of second generation bioethanol production plants from lignocellulosic switchgrass when using/gal and with no or low water discharge. Keywords: Energy, Biofuels, Alternative fuels, Water, Ethanol

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

23

Fast Quantum Methods for Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discrete combinatorial optimization consists in finding the optimal configuration that minimizes a given discrete objective function. An interpretation of such a function as the energy of a classical system allows us to reduce the optimization problem into the preparation of a low-temperature thermal state of the system. Motivated by the quantum annealing method, we present three strategies to prepare the low-temperature state that exploit quantum mechanics in remarkable ways. We focus on implementations without uncontrolled errors induced by the environment. This allows us to rigorously prove a quantum advantage. The first strategy uses a classical-to-quantum mapping, where the equilibrium properties of a classical system in $d$ spatial dimensions can be determined from the ground state properties of a quantum system also in $d$ spatial dimensions. We show how such a ground state can be prepared by means of quantum annealing, including quantum adiabatic evolutions. This mapping also allows us to unveil some fundamental relations between simulated and quantum annealing. The second strategy builds upon the first one and introduces a technique called spectral gap amplification to reduce the time required to prepare the same quantum state adiabatically. If implemented on a quantum device that exploits quantum coherence, this strategy leads to a quadratic improvement in complexity over the well-known bound of the classical simulated annealing method. The third strategy is not purely adiabatic; instead, it exploits diabatic processes between the low-energy states of the corresponding quantum system. For some problems it results in an exponential speedup (in the oracle model) over the best classical algorithms.

Sergio Boixo; Gerardo Ortiz; Rolando Somma

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

24

Utility Solar Generation Valuation Methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tucson Electric Power (TEP) developed, tested and verified the results of a new and appropriate method for accurately evaluating the capacity credit of time variant solar generating sources and reviewed new methods to appropriately and fairly evaluate the value of solar generation to electric utilities. The project also reviewed general integrated approaches for adequately compensating owners of solar generation for their benefits to utilities. However, given the limited funding support and time duration of this project combined with the significant differences between utilities regarding rate structures, solar resource availability and coincidence of solar generation with peak load periods, it is well beyond the scope of this project to develop specific rate, rebate, and interconnection approaches to capture utility benefits for all possible utilities. The project developed computer software based evaluation method models to compare solar generation production data measured in very short term time increments called Sample Intervals over a typical utility Dispatch Cycle during an Evaluation Period against utility system load data. Ten second resolution generation production data from the SGSSS and actual one minute resolution TEP system load data for 2006 and 2007, along with data from the Pennington Street Garage 60 kW DC capacity solar unit installed in downtown Tucson will be applied to the model for testing and verification of the evaluation method. Data was provided by other utilities, but critical time periods of data were missing making results derived from that data inaccurate. The algorithms are based on previous analysis and review of specific 2005 and 2006 SGSSS production data. The model was built, tested and verified by in house TEP personnel. For this phase of the project, TEP communicated with, shared solar production data with and collaborated on the development of solar generation valuation tools with other utilities, including Arizona Public Service, Salt River Project, Xcel and Nevada Power Company as well as the Arizona electric cooperatives. In the second phase of the project, three years of 10 second power output data of the SGSSS was used to evaluate the effectiveness of frequency domain analysis, normal statistical distribution analysis and finally maximum/minimum differential output analysis to test the applicability of these mathematic methods in accurately modeling the output variations produced by clouds passing over the SGSSS array.

Hansen, Thomas N.; Dion, Phillip J.

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

25

Fast Methods for Bimolecular Charge Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a Hessian-implicit optimization method to quickly solve the charge optimization problem over protein molecules: given a ligand and its complex with a receptor, determine the ligand charge distribution that minimizes ...

Bardhan, Jaydeep P.

26

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under VariousElectricity Tariffs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The on-site generation of electricity can offer buildingowners and occupiers financial benefits as well as social benefits suchas reduced grid congestion, improved energy efficiency, and reducedgreenhouse gas emissions. Combined heat and power (CHP), or cogeneration,systems make use of the waste heat from the generator for site heatingneeds. Real-time optimal dispatch of CHP systems is difficult todetermine because of complicated electricity tariffs and uncertainty inCHP equipment availability, energy prices, and system loads. Typically,CHP systems use simple heuristic control strategies. This paper describesa method of determining optimal control in real-time and applies it to alight industrial site in San Diego, California, to examine: 1) the addedbenefit of optimal over heuristic controls, 2) the price elasticity ofthe system, and 3) the site-attributable greenhouse gas emissions, allunder three different tariff structures. Results suggest that heuristiccontrols are adequate under the current tariff structure and relativelyhigh electricity prices, capturing 97 percent of the value of thedistributed generation system. Even more value could be captured bysimply not running the CHP system during times of unusually high naturalgas prices. Under hypothetical real-time pricing of electricity,heuristic controls would capture only 70 percent of the value ofdistributed generation.

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Optimization Online - Splitting methods for nonconvex composite ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 2, 2014 ... Splitting methods for nonconvex composite optimization. Guoyin Li (g.li ***at*** unsw.edu.au) Ting Kei Pong (tkpong ***at*** cs.ubc.ca).

Guoyin Li

2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

28

Hybrid robust predictive optimization method of power system dispatch  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of power system dispatch control solves power system dispatch problems by integrating a larger variety of generation, load and storage assets, including without limitation, combined heat and power (CHP) units, renewable generation with forecasting, controllable loads, electric, thermal and water energy storage. The method employs a predictive algorithm to dynamically schedule different assets in order to achieve global optimization and maintain the system normal operation.

Chandra, Ramu Sharat (Niskayuna, NY); Liu, Yan (Ballston Lake, NY); Bose, Sumit (Niskayuna, NY); de Bedout, Juan Manuel (West Glenville, NY)

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

29

Stochastic Co-optimization for Hydro-Electric Power Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Stochastic Co-optimization for Hydro-Electric Power Generation Shi-Jie Deng, Senior Member, IEEE the optimal scheduling problem faced by a hydro-electric power producer that simultaneously participates in multiple markets. Specifically, the hydro-generator participates in both the electricity spot market

30

ENERGY PAYBACK OPTIMIZATION OF THERMOELECTRIC POWER GENERATOR SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the thermoelectric module should be performed. Active cooling and the design of the heat sink are customized to findENERGY PAYBACK OPTIMIZATION OF THERMOELECTRIC POWER GENERATOR SYSTEMS Kazuaki Yazawa Dept model for optimizing thermoelectric power generation system is developed and utilized for parametric

31

Apparatuses and methods for generating electric fields  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatuses and methods relating to generating an electric field are disclosed. An electric field generator may include a semiconductive material configured in a physical shape substantially different from a shape of an electric field to be generated thereby. The electric field is generated when a voltage drop exists across the semiconductive material. A method for generating an electric field may include applying a voltage to a shaped semiconductive material to generate a complex, substantially nonlinear electric field. The shape of the complex, substantially nonlinear electric field may be configured for directing charged particles to a desired location. Other apparatuses and methods are disclosed.

Scott, Jill R; McJunkin, Timothy R; Tremblay, Paul L

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

32

Method for protecting an electric generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for protecting an electrical generator which includes providing an electrical generator which is normally synchronously operated with an electrical power grid; providing a synchronizing signal from the electrical generator; establishing a reference signal; and electrically isolating the electrical generator from the electrical power grid if the synchronizing signal is not in phase with the reference signal.

Kuehnle, Barry W. (Ammon, ID); Roberts, Jeffrey B. (Ammon, ID); Folkers, Ralph W. (Ammon, ID)

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

33

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

purchase abs. cooling offset electric supply (kW) hourTariffs electric supply (kW) abs. cooling offset purchasecooling offset Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization Under Various Electricity Tariffs electric supply (

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Optimizing Marshalling by Run-Time Program Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimizing Marshalling by Run-Time Program Generation Bari¸s Aktemur1 , Joel Jones2 , Samuel Kamin1. Saving the internal data of an application in an external form is called marshalling. A generic marshaller is difficult to optimize because the format of the data that will be marshalled is unknown

Kamin, Sam

35

Advanced Methods Approach to Hybrid Powertrain Systems Optimization...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Methods Approach to Hybrid Powertrain Systems Optimization of a Transit Bus Application Advanced Methods Approach to Hybrid Powertrain Systems Optimization of a Transit Bus...

36

Method of generating a surface mesh  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and machine-readable medium provide a technique to generate and modify a quadrilateral finite element surface mesh using dual creation and modification. After generating a dual of a surface (mesh), a predetermined algorithm may be followed to generate and modify a surface mesh of quadrilateral elements. The predetermined algorithm may include the steps of generating two-dimensional cell regions in dual space, determining existing nodes in primal space, generating new nodes in the dual space, and connecting nodes to form the quadrilateral elements (faces) for the generated and modifiable surface mesh.

Shepherd, Jason F. (Albuquerque, NM); Benzley, Steven (Provo, UT); Grover, Benjamin T. (Tracy, CA)

2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

37

Thermoelectric generator apparatus and operation method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of operating a thermoelectric generator includes: cyclically producing increasing then decreasing temperature differences in the thermoelectric material of the generator; and generating a cyclically increasing then decreasing electrical generator output signal, in response to such temperature differences, to transmit electrical power generated by the generator from the generator. Part of the thermoelectric material reaches temperatures substantially above the melting temperature of the material. The thermoelectric material of the generator forms a part of a closed electrical loop about a transformer core so that the inductor voltage for the loop serves as the output signal of the generator. A thermoelectric generator, which can be driven by the described method of operation, incorporates fins into a thermopile to conduct heat toward or away from the alternating spaces between adjacent layers of different types of thermoelectric material. The fins extend from between adjacent layers, so that they can also conduct electrical current between such layers, perpendicularly to the direction of stacking of the layers. The exhaust from an internal combustion engine can be employed to drive the thermoelectric generator, and, also, to act as a driver for a thermoelectric generator in accordance with the method of operation initially described.

Lowther, F.E.

1984-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

38

Projected-search methods for box-constrained optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Search Methods for Unconstrained Optimization 2.1 Newton’s3 Active-Set Methods for Box-Constrained Optimization 3.1for Box-Constrained Optimization . 5.1 Converting to a

Ferry, Michael William

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Probabilistic Methods in Combinatorial and Stochastic Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problem that we investigate is the minimum spanning tree. Our essential result regarding this problem is that for every graph with edge weights, there is a set of O(n log n) edges which contains the minimum spanningProbabilistic Methods in Combinatorial and Stochastic Optimization by Jan Vondr´ak Submitted

Vondrak, Jan

40

Power generation method including membrane separation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for generating electric power, such as at, or close to, natural gas fields. The method includes conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas by means of a membrane separation step. This step creates a leaner, sweeter, drier gas, which is then used as combustion fuel to run a turbine, which is in turn used for power generation.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Methods for PDE-constrained optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

constrained optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.16.5 Testing the optimization algorithm . . . . . . .6.5.1 The optimization algorithm in PLTMG 6.6 The proposed

Reed, Joseph Robert

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Hybrid methods for interplanetary low-thrust trajectory optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid methods for interplanetary low-thrust trajectory optimization are proposed. These methods are combinations of selected, existing methods for trajectory optimization. The focus of this thesis is to obtain solutions to a class of trajectories...

Aroonwilairut, Krisada

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Optimization Algorithm for the Generation of ONCV Pseudopotentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an optimization algorithm to construct pseudopotentials and use it to generate a set of Optimized Norm-Conserving Vanderbilt (ONCV) pseudopotentials for elements up to Z=83 (Bi) (excluding Lanthanides). We introduce a quality function that assesses the agreement of a pseudopotential calculation with all-electron FLAPW results, and the necessary plane-wave energy cutoff. This quality function allows us to use a Nelder-Mead optimization algorithm on a training set of materials to optimize the input parameters of the pseudopotential construction for most of the periodic table. We control the accuracy of the resulting pseudopotentials on a test set of materials independent of the training set. We find that the automatically constructed pseudopotentials provide a good agreement with the all-electron results obtained using the FLEUR code with a plane-wave energy cutoff of approximately 60 Ry.

Schlipf, Martin

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

A fast ascent trajectory optimization method for hypersonic air-breathing vehicles.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The objective of this dissertation is to investigate a fast and reliable method to generate three-dimensional optimal ascent trajectories for hypersonic air-breathing vehicles. The problem… (more)

Murillo, Oscar Jaime

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Method of operating a thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for operating a thermoelectric generator supplying a variable-load component includes commanding the variable-load component to operate at a first output and determining a first load current and a first load voltage to the variable-load component while operating at the commanded first output. The method also includes commanding the variable-load component to operate at a second output and determining a second load current and a second load voltage to the variable-load component while operating at the commanded second output. The method includes calculating a maximum power output of the thermoelectric generator from the determined first load current and voltage and the determined second load current and voltage, and commanding the variable-load component to operate at a third output. The commanded third output is configured to draw the calculated maximum power output from the thermoelectric generator.

Reynolds, Michael G; Cowgill, Joshua D

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

46

Plasma plume MHD power generator and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described of generating power at a situs exposed to the solar wind which comprises creating at separate sources at the situs discrete plasma plumes extending in opposed directions, providing electrical communication between the plumes at their source and interposing a desired electrical load in the said electrical communication between the plumes.

Hammer, J.H.

1993-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

47

Lexicon generation methods, lexicon generation devices, and lexicon generation articles of manufacture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Lexicon generation methods, computer implemented lexicon editing methods, lexicon generation devices, lexicon editors, and articles of manufacture are described according to some aspects. In one aspect, a lexicon generation method includes providing a seed vector indicative of occurrences of a plurality of seed terms within a plurality of text items, providing a plurality of content vectors indicative of occurrences of respective ones of a plurality of content terms within the text items, comparing individual ones of the content vectors with respect to the seed vector, and responsive to the comparing, selecting at least one of the content terms as a term of a lexicon usable in sentiment analysis of text.

Carter, Richard J [Richland, WA; McCall, Jonathon D [West Richland, WA; Whitney, Paul D [Richland, WA; Gregory, Michelle L [Richland, WA; Turner, Alan E [Kennewick, WA; Hetzler, Elizabeth G [Kennewick, WA; White, Amanda M [Kennewick, WA; Posse, Christian [Seattle, WA; Nakamura, Grant C [Kennewick, WA

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

48

Electrical motor/generator drive apparatus and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present disclosure includes electrical motor/generator drive systems and methods that significantly reduce inverter direct-current (DC) bus ripple currents and thus the volume and cost of a capacitor. The drive methodology is based on a segmented drive system that does not add switches or passive components but involves reconfiguring inverter switches and motor stator winding connections in a way that allows the formation of multiple, independent drive units and the use of simple alternated switching and optimized Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) schemes to eliminate or significantly reduce the capacitor ripple current.

Su, Gui Jia

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

49

Method for generating a plasma wave to accelerate electrons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides a method and apparatus for generating large amplitude nonlinear plasma waves, driven by an optimized train of independently adjustable, intense laser pulses. In the method, optimal pulse widths, interpulse spacing, and intensity profiles of each pulse are determined for each pulse in a series of pulses. A resonant region of the plasma wave phase space is found where the plasma wave is driven most efficiently by the laser pulses. The accelerator system of the invention comprises several parts: the laser system, with its pulse-shaping subsystem; the electron gun system, also called beam source, which preferably comprises photo cathode electron source and RF-LINAC accelerator; electron photo-cathode triggering system; the electron diagnostics; and the feedback system between the electron diagnostics and the laser system. The system also includes plasma source including vacuum chamber, magnetic lens, and magnetic field means. The laser system produces a train of pulses that has been optimized to maximize the axial electric field amplitude of the plasma wave, and thus the electron acceleration, using the method of the invention.

Umstadter, Donald (Ann Arbor, MI); Esarey, Eric (Chevy Chase, MD); Kim, Joon K. (Ann Arbor, MI)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Method for generating a plasma wave to accelerate electrons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides a method and apparatus for generating large amplitude nonlinear plasma waves, driven by an optimized train of independently adjustable, intense laser pulses. In the method, optimal pulse widths, interpulse spacing, and intensity profiles of each pulse are determined for each pulse in a series of pulses. A resonant region of the plasma wave phase space is found where the plasma wave is driven most efficiently by the laser pulses. The accelerator system of the invention comprises several parts: the laser system, with its pulse-shaping subsystem; the electron gun system, also called beam source, which preferably comprises photo cathode electron source and RF-LINAC accelerator; electron photo-cathode triggering system; the electron diagnostics; and the feedback system between the electron diagnostics and the laser system. The system also includes plasma source including vacuum chamber, magnetic lens, and magnetic field means. The laser system produces a train of pulses that has been optimized to maximize the axial electric field amplitude of the plasma wave, and thus the electron acceleration, using the method of the invention. 21 figs.

Umstadter, D.; Esarey, E.; Kim, J.K.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

51

Hybrid method for aerodynamic shape optimization in automotive industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid method for aerodynamic shape optimization in automotive industry Freedeerique Muyl April 2003; accepted 4 June 2003 Abstract An aerodynamic shape optimization tool for complex industrial reasons, concerns car manufacturers. Consequently, the improvement of the aerodynamics of car shapes, more

Dumas, Laurent

52

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Under Various Electricity Tariffs Firestone,Optimization Under Various Electricity Tariffs Table of3 2.1 Electricity Tariff

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Plasma generators, reactor systems and related methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A plasma generator, reactor and associated systems and methods are provided in accordance with the present invention. A plasma reactor may include multiple sections or modules which are removably coupled together to form a chamber. Associated with each section is an electrode set including three electrodes with each electrode being coupled to a single phase of a three-phase alternating current (AC) power supply. The electrodes are disposed about a longitudinal centerline of the chamber and are arranged to provide and extended arc and generate an extended body of plasma. The electrodes are displaceable relative to the longitudinal centerline of the chamber. A control system may be utilized so as to automatically displace the electrodes and define an electrode gap responsive to measure voltage or current levels of the associated power supply.

Kong, Peter C. (Idaho Falls, ID); Pink, Robert J. (Pocatello, ID); Lee, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

54

Optimal Solar PV Arrays Integration for Distributed Generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems hold great potential for distributed energy generation by installing PV panels on rooftops of residential and commercial buildings. Yet challenges arise along with the variability and non-dispatchability of the PV systems that affect the stability of the grid and the economics of the PV system. This paper investigates the integration of PV arrays for distributed generation applications by identifying a combination of buildings that will maximize solar energy output and minimize system variability. Particularly, we propose mean-variance optimization models to choose suitable rooftops for PV integration based on Markowitz mean-variance portfolio selection model. We further introduce quantity and cardinality constraints to result in a mixed integer quadratic programming problem. Case studies based on real data are presented. An efficient frontier is obtained for sample data that allows decision makers to choose a desired solar energy generation level with a comfortable variability tolerance level. Sensitivity analysis is conducted to show the tradeoffs between solar PV energy generation potential and variability.

Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL; Li, Xueping [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Advanced numerical methods in mesh generation and mesh adaptation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Numerical solution of partial differential equations requires appropriate meshes, efficient solvers and robust and reliable error estimates. Generation of high-quality meshes for complex engineering models is a non-trivial task. This task is made more difficult when the mesh has to be adapted to a problem solution. This article is focused on a synergistic approach to the mesh generation and mesh adaptation, where best properties of various mesh generation methods are combined to build efficiently simplicial meshes. First, the advancing front technique (AFT) is combined with the incremental Delaunay triangulation (DT) to build an initial mesh. Second, the metric-based mesh adaptation (MBA) method is employed to improve quality of the generated mesh and/or to adapt it to a problem solution. We demonstrate with numerical experiments that combination of all three methods is required for robust meshing of complex engineering models. The key to successful mesh generation is the high-quality of the triangles in the initial front. We use a black-box technique to improve surface meshes exported from an unattainable CAD system. The initial surface mesh is refined into a shape-regular triangulation which approximates the boundary with the same accuracy as the CAD mesh. The DT method adds robustness to the AFT. The resulting mesh is topologically correct but may contain a few slivers. The MBA uses seven local operations to modify the mesh topology. It improves significantly the mesh quality. The MBA method is also used to adapt the mesh to a problem solution to minimize computational resources required for solving the problem. The MBA has a solid theoretical background. In the first two experiments, we consider the convection-diffusion and elasticity problems. We demonstrate the optimal reduction rate of the discretization error on a sequence of adaptive strongly anisotropic meshes. The key element of the MBA method is construction of a tensor metric from hierarchical edge-based error estimates. We conclude that the quasi-optimal mesh must be quasi-uniform in this metric. All numerical experiments are based on the publicly available Ani3D package, the collection of advanced numerical instruments.

Lipnikov, Konstantine [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Danilov, A [MOSCOW, RUSSIA; Vassilevski, Y [MOSCOW, RUSSIA; Agonzal, A [UNIV OF LYON

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Distributed Optimization Methods for Large Scale Optimal Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.5 DMS - Parallel simulation, centralized optimization . . . . . . . . 21 xi .... manufacturing units, power and chemical plants become more and more complex and are composed of ... decomposition in order to speed up the integration process. ...... programming languages such as Matlab, C/C++ 1, and Python 2 . Several QPs ...

Attila Kozma

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

57

Aerodynamic Shape Design of Nozzles Using a Hybrid Optimization Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A hybrid design optimization method combining the stochastic method based on simultaneous perturbation stochastic approximation (SPSA) and the deterministic method of Broydon-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno (BFGS) is developed ...

Xing, X.Q.

58

Method for nonlinear optimization for gas tagging and other systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system for providing nuclear fuel rods with a configuration of isotopic gas tags. The method includes selecting a true location of a first gas tag node, selecting initial locations for the remaining n-1 nodes using target gas tag compositions, generating a set of random gene pools with L nodes, applying a Hopfield network for computing on energy, or cost, for each of the L gene pools and using selected constraints to establish minimum energy states to identify optimal gas tag nodes with each energy compared to a convergence threshold and then upon identifying the gas tag node continuing this procedure until establishing the next gas tag node until all remaining n nodes have been established.

Chen, Ting (Chicago, IL); Gross, Kenny C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Wegerich, Stephan (Glendale Heights, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Method for nonlinear optimization for gas tagging and other systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system are disclosed for providing nuclear fuel rods with a configuration of isotopic gas tags. The method includes selecting a true location of a first gas tag node, selecting initial locations for the remaining n-1 nodes using target gas tag compositions, generating a set of random gene pools with L nodes, applying a Hopfield network for computing on energy, or cost, for each of the L gene pools and using selected constraints to establish minimum energy states to identify optimal gas tag nodes with each energy compared to a convergence threshold and then upon identifying the gas tag node continuing this procedure until establishing the next gas tag node until all remaining n nodes have been established. 6 figs.

Chen, T.; Gross, K.C.; Wegerich, S.

1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

60

survey of trust-region derivative free optimization methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

result of large and expensive computer simulation for which the source code is either not ... The main criterion for assessment and comparison of DFO algorithms is the number ..... a black-box optimization routine in optimizing energy systems [17] and for the .... Optimization Methods and Software, 20 (2005)

2007-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Tutorial: Bayesian Methods for Global and Simulation Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tutorial: Bayesian Methods for Global and Simulation Optimization Peter I. Frazier Operations Charlotte, NC #12;Outline 1 Introduction 2 Gaussian Process Regression 3 Noise-Free Global Optimization Expected Improvement Where is it Useful? Knowledge-Gradient 4 Noisy Global Optimization 5 Case Studies

Keinan, Alon

62

Optimization Methods for Binary Sequences The Merit Factor Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Methods for Binary Sequences ­ The Merit Factor Problem Ron Ferguson, Joshua Knauer SFU MOCAA Project Leader: Peter Borwein MITACS 6th Annual Conference, May, 2005 Abstract Optimization of much interest in combinatorial optimization, communications engineering, and analytic number theory

63

Gradient-based Methods for Production Optimization of Oil Reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gradient-based Methods for Production Optimization of Oil Reservoirs Eka Suwartadi Doctoral Thesis oil reservoirs. Gradient- based optimization, which utilizes adjoint-based gradient computation optimization for water flooding in the secondary phase of oil recovery is the main topic in this thesis

Foss, Bjarne A.

64

Optimization Online - A three-term conjugate gradient method with ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 3, 2009 ... A three-term conjugate gradient method with sufficient descent property for unconstrained optimization. Y Narushima(narusima ***at*** ...

Y Narushima

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

65

Optimization Online - Derivative-free Methods for Mixed-Integer ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 7, 2014 ... Derivative-free Methods for Mixed-Integer Constrained Optimization Problems. G. Liuzzi(giampaolo.liuzzi ***at*** iasi.cnr.it) S. Lucidi(lucidi ...

G. Liuzzi

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

66

An adaptive accelerated first-order method for convex optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 3, 2012 ... Abstract: This paper presents a new accelerated variant of Nesterov's method for solving composite convex optimization problems in which ...

Renato D. C. Monteiro

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

67

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity optimization method Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

optimization method Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activity optimization method Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Optimization 1-1...

68

Second-generation-heliostat optimization studies. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to define and quantify cost reductions in the Martin Marietta Denver Aerospace Second Generation Heliostat resulting from design and cost optimization. These cost reductions were based on optimizing the heliostat performance vs. cost and engineering design, and reviewing the design specification in selected technological areas with a goal of removing nonrealistic requirements and eliminating or minimizing overdesign. Specific technological areas investigated were: (1) designing the heliostat for survival strength rather than stiffness and reducing the operational wind requirements as dictated by this design approach; (2) reducing the pointing accuracy and/or beam quality required for some fraction or all of the heliostat field; (3) modifying the operational temperature range; (4) relaxing the rate at which the heliostat must move in the slew mode; (5) using alternate beam safety strategies; (6) analyzing actual wind data for selected sites in the southwest United States vs. the heliostat design specification survival wind requirements; (7) estimating heliostat damage for winds in excess of the design specification over a 30 year period; (8) evaluating the impact of designing the heliostat for higher wind loads; and (9) investigating the applicability to heliostat design of the standard engineering practices for designing buildings.

Not Available

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Hydrofoil shape optimization by gradient methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study was carried out to develop and test techniques for the computational optimization of hydrofoil sections and lifting surfaces advancing under a free surface. A mathematical model was developed based on the extension ...

Tozzi, Gregory Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Biomedical signal processing --application of optimization methods for machine learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomedical signal processing -- application of optimization methods for machine learning problems Helmholtz Zentrum M¨unchen http://cmb.helmholtz-muenchen.de Grenoble, 16-Sep-2008 F. Theis Biomedical signal Biomedical signal processing -- application of optimization methods for machi #12;Data mining cocktail

Absil, Pierre-Antoine

71

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Common DG devices are reciprocating engines, gas turbines, microturbines, and fuel cells.

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

MULTI-START METHODS FOR COMBINATORIAL OPTIMIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

not used to address problems in the realm of optimization as we view it today. More recently, Glover (1977 #12;2 RAFAEL MART´I, MAURICIO G.C. RESENDE, AND CELSO C. RIBEIRO framework are given in Glover (1986), Glover (1989), and Glover (2000), addressing controlled randomization, learning strategies, induced

Resende, Mauricio G. C.

73

Methods for PDE-constrained optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3.3.1 Conjugate-gradient method . . . . . . . . . . .3.3.2 The preconditioned conjugate-gradient method 3.3.3The Lanczos conjugate-gradient method . . . . 3.4 The

Reed, Joseph Robert

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Optimization Online - Composite Proximal Bundle Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 30, 2009 ... Composite Proximal Bundle Method. Claudia Sagastizabal (sagastiz ***at*** impa.br). Abstract: We consider minimization of nonsmooth ...

Claudia Sagastizabal

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

75

Optimization of sequential attractor-based movement for compact behaviour generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of sequential attractor-based movement for compact behaviour generation Marc Toussaint optimal robot motion based on a sequence of attractor dynamics in task space. This is motivated] ­ and by the need for compact movement representations on which efficient optimization can be performed. We

Toussaint, Marc

76

Optimal and Robust Saturated Control for a Clock Generator C. Albea S. Lesecq and D. Puschini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,i] [7]. If the clock is generated for the whole circuit, and distributed in each VFI, the maximumOptimal and Robust Saturated Control for a Clock Generator C. Albea S. Lesecq and D. Puschini control engines in each volt- age/frequency island must be taken into account to optimize the circuit

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

77

Centrifugal compressor return channel shape optimization using adjoint method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the construction of an automated gradient-based optimization process using the adjoint method and its application to centrifugal compressor return channel loss reduction. A proper objective function ...

Guo, Wei, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

An Improved Lagrangian Relaxation Method for VLSI Combinational Circuit Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gate sizing and threshold voltage (Vt) assignment are very popular and useful techniques in current very large scale integration (VLSI) design flow for timing and power optimization. Lagrangian relaxation (LR) is a common method for handling multi...

Huang, Yi-Le

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

79

Control #15421 In this paper we present a method of optimally scheduling trips travelling down  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control #15421 SUMMARY In this paper we present a method of optimally scheduling trips travelling of trips as parameters and generates a schedule that maximizes the number of trips and determines when each schedule in which human interactions are minimized. Starting with a mathematically derived upper bound

Morrow, James A.

80

A multilevel, level-set method for optimizing eigenvalues in shape design problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) where L is a self adjoint differential elliptic operator and S is a space such that can have values with respect to the parameters we seek and this generates a considerable complication that had lead to semi for the model problem we solve here. All the methods known to us for eigenvalue optimization use the eigen

Soatto, Stefano

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

utility experience with RTP tariffs is described in 3. Distributed GenerationUtilities Commission, Division of Ratepayer Advocates have also provided support on related work. Distributed Generation

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Apparatus and method for generating mechanical waves  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Mechanical waves are generated in a medium by subjecting an electromechanical element to an alternating electric field having a frequency which induces mechanical resonance therein and is below any electrical resonance frequency thereof.

Allensworth, D.L.; Chen, P.J.

1982-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

83

Apparatus and method for generating mechanical waves  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Mechanical waves are generated in a medium by subjecting an electromechanical element to an alternating electric field having a frequency which induces mechanical resonance therein and is below any electrical resonance frequency thereof.

Allensworth, Dwight L. (Albuquerque, NM); Chen, Peter J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

A Parallel Inertial Proximal Optimization Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Douglas-Rachford algorithm is a popular iterative method for finding a zero of a ... algorithm, parallel proximal algorithms are proposed to minimize over a ...

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Optimization Online - Accelerated Linearized Bregman Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 27, 2011 ... Abstract: In this paper, we propose and analyze an accelerated linearized Bregman (ALB) method for solving the basis pursuit and related ...

Bo Huang

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

86

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Optimization of Cogeneration Dispatch in a Deregulatedheat and power (CHP), or cogeneration, systems make use ofheat and power (CHP), or cogeneration, systems make use of

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Method for Determining Optimal Residential Energy Efficiency Retrofit Packages  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Businesses, government agencies, consumers, policy makers, and utilities currently have limited access to occupant-, building-, and location-specific recommendations for optimal energy retrofit packages, as defined by estimated costs and energy savings. This report describes an analysis method for determining optimal residential energy efficiency retrofit packages and, as an illustrative example, applies the analysis method to a 1960s-era home in eight U.S. cities covering a range of International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) climate regions. The method uses an optimization scheme that considers average energy use (determined from building energy simulations) and equivalent annual cost to recommend optimal retrofit packages specific to the building, occupants, and location. Energy savings and incremental costs are calculated relative to a minimum upgrade reference scenario, which accounts for efficiency upgrades that would occur in the absence of a retrofit because of equipment wear-out and replacement with current minimum standards.

Polly, B.; Gestwick, M.; Bianchi, M.; Anderson, R.; Horowitz, S.; Christensen, C.; Judkoff, R.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Composite Proximal Bundle Method - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[Ous00], [MS05], [Nes07], and the V-space identification method in [DSS09]. ...... bulk of BFGS too much (at least when compared to applying directly CBun).

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

89

Optimal command generation for maneuvering the space station  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It was shown that the optimal solution is a bang-bang type of control. Compared to an eigen- axis rotation, the optimal conhols were found to be very different and had a quite complex geometric nature. The controls also have a significant nutational component...-free modified Rodrigues parameters. A cubic spline was used to smooth the bang-bang optimal control torque resulting in large- angle approximately near minimum-time rest-to-rest maneuvers. Parameter convergence, in general, was shown not be guaranteed...

Bryson, Amy Louise

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Falcon: automated optimization method for arbitrary assessment criteria  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

FALCON is a method for automatic multivariable optimization for arbitrary assessment criteria that can be applied to numerous fields where outcome simulation is combined with optimization and assessment criteria. A specific implementation of FALCON is for automatic radiation therapy treatment planning. In this application, FALCON implements dose calculations into the planning process and optimizes available beam delivery modifier parameters to determine the treatment plan that best meets clinical decision-making criteria. FALCON is described in the context of the optimization of external-beam radiation therapy and intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), but the concepts could also be applied to internal (brachytherapy) radiotherapy. The radiation beams could consist of photons or any charged or uncharged particles. The concept of optimizing source distributions can be applied to complex radiography (e.g. flash x-ray or proton) to improve the imaging capabilities of facilities proposed for science-based stockpile stewardship.

Yang, Tser-Yuan (Livermore, CA); Moses, Edward I. (Livermore, CA); Hartmann-Siantar, Christine (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Plasma plume MHD power generator and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Highly-conducting plasma plumes are ejected across the interplanetary magnetic field from a situs that is moving relative to the solar wind, such as a spacecraft or an astral body, such as the moon, having no magnetosphere that excludes the solar wind. Discrete plasma plumes are generated by plasma guns at the situs extending in opposite directions to one another and at an angle, preferably orthogonal, to the magnetic field direction of the solar wind plasma. The opposed plumes are separately electrically connected to their source by a low impedance connection. The relative movement between the plasma plumes and the solar wind plasma creates a voltage drop across the plumes which is tapped by placing the desired electrical load between the electrical connections of the plumes to their sources. A portion of the energy produced may be used in generating the plasma plumes for sustained operation.

Hammer, James H. (Livermore, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

A simple method for generating rational triangles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the early part of the paper, various geometrical formulas are derived. Then, at some point in the paper, the concept of a Pythagorean rational is introduced. A Pythagorean rational is a rational number which is the ratio of two integers which are the leglengths of a Pythagorean triangle. Using the idea of Pythagorean rationals, we generate two families of rational triangles. We define a rational triangle to be a triangle with rational sidelengths and area.

Konstantine Zelator

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

93

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are nearly identical to the load-follow results; i.e. , theare lower than under either load-follow or no-DG, suggestingcost (k$/month) no DG load follow optimal month Figure 7.

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CPP tariffs is simply load-following. Optimal control underThe system uses a load-following control; i.e. , theefficiency of this load-following control strategy by

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Network Reliability Optimization via the Cross-Entropy Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Network Reliability Optimization via the Cross-Entropy Method Dirk P. Kroese, Kin-Ping Hui and reliability. Given a fixed budget, which links should be purchased in order to maximize the system's reliability? We introduce a new approach, based on the Cross-Entropy method, which can deal effectively

Kroese, Dirk P.

96

Method and system for radioisotope generation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and a process for producing selected isotopic daughter products from parent materials characterized by the steps of loading the parent material upon a sorbent having a functional group configured to selectively bind the parent material under designated conditions, generating the selected isotopic daughter products, and eluting said selected isotopic daughter products from the sorbent. In one embodiment, the process also includes the step of passing an eluent formed by the elution step through a second sorbent material that is configured to remove a preselected material from said eluent. In some applications a passage of the material through a third sorbent material after passage through the second sorbent material is also performed.

Toth, James J.; Soderquist, Chuck Z.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Mattigod, Shas V.; Fryxell, Glen E.; O'Hara, Matthew J.

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Method and system for SCR optimization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and systems are provided for controlling SCR performance in a boiler. The boiler includes one or more generally cross sectional areas. Each cross sectional area can be characterized by one or more profiles of one or more conditions affecting SCR performance and be associated with one or more adjustable desired profiles of the one or more conditions during the operation of the boiler. The performance of the boiler can be characterized by boiler performance parameters. A system in accordance with one or more embodiments of the invention can include a controller input for receiving a performance goal for the boiler corresponding to at least one of the boiler performance parameters and for receiving data values corresponding to boiler control variables and to the boiler performance parameters. The boiler control variables include one or more current profiles of the one or more conditions. The system also includes a system model that relates one or more profiles of the one or more conditions in the boiler to the boiler performance parameters. The system also includes an indirect controller that determines one or more desired profiles of the one or more conditions to satisfy the performance goal for the boiler. The indirect controller uses the system model, the received data values and the received performance goal to determine the one or more desired profiles of the one or more conditions. The system model also includes a controller output that outputs the one or more desired profiles of the one or more conditions.

Lefebvre, Wesley Curt (Boston, MA); Kohn, Daniel W. (Cambridge, MA)

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

98

Derivative-Free Optimization Proximal Point Methods Derivative-Free Proximal Point Conclusion Derivative-Free Optimization via Proximal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Derivative-Free Optimization Proximal Point Methods Derivative-Free Proximal Point Conclusion Derivative-Free Optimization via Proximal Point Methods Yves Lucet & Warren Hare July 24, 2013 1 / 26 #12;Derivative-Free Optimization Proximal Point Methods Derivative-Free Proximal Point Conclusion Outline 1

99

Genetic algorithm applied to the optimization of quantum cascade lasers with second harmonic generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computational model for the optimization of the second order optical nonlinearities in GaInAs/AlInAs quantum cascade laser structures is presented. The set of structure parameters that lead to improved device performance was obtained through the implementation of the Genetic Algorithm. In the following step, the linear and second harmonic generation power were calculated by self-consistently solving the system of rate equations for carriers and photons. This rate equation system included both stimulated and simultaneous double photon absorption processes that occur between the levels relevant for second harmonic generation, and material-dependent effective mass, as well as band nonparabolicity, were taken into account. The developed method is general, in the sense that it can be applied to any higher order effect, which requires the photon density equation to be included. Specifically, we have addressed the optimization of the active region of a double quantum well In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As/Al{sub 0.48}In{sub 0.52}As structure and presented its output characteristics.

Gaji?, A. [School of Electrical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Bulevar kralja Aleksandra 73, 11120 Belgrade (Serbia); Telekom Srbija, a.d., Takovska 2, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia); Radovanovi?, J., E-mail: radovanovic@etf.bg.ac.rs; Milanovi?, V. [School of Electrical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Bulevar kralja Aleksandra 73, 11120 Belgrade (Serbia); Indjin, D.; Ikoni?, Z. [School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

100

Design, integration schemes, and optimization of conventional and pressurized oxy-coal power generation processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient and clean electricity generation is a major challenge for today's world. Multivariable optimization is shown to be essential in unveiling the true potential and the high efficiency of pressurized oxy-coal combustion ...

Zebian, Hussam

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Stochastic Programming and its Application to Optimal Generation Planning Stochastic Programming and its  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Optimal Generation Planning 4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Xraw1 Xraw

McCalley, James D.

102

Stresa, Italy, 26-28 April 2006 OPTIMIZATION OF PIEZOELECTRIC ELECTRICAL GENERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stresa, Italy, 26-28 April 2006 OPTIMIZATION OF PIEZOELECTRIC ELECTRICAL GENERATORS POWERED the PEG output power [2,3]. Although the power electronic interface used for optimization induces Villeurbanne Cedex, France ABSTRACT This paper compares the performances of a vibration- powered electrical

Boyer, Edmond

103

Method for using global optimization to the estimation of surface-consistent residual statics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An efficient method for generating residual statics corrections to compensate for surface-consistent static time shifts in stacked seismic traces. The method includes a step of framing the residual static corrections as a global optimization problem in a parameter space. The method also includes decoupling the global optimization problem involving all seismic traces into several one-dimensional problems. The method further utilizes a Stochastic Pijavskij Tunneling search to eliminate regions in the parameter space where a global minimum is unlikely to exist so that the global minimum may be quickly discovered. The method finds the residual statics corrections by maximizing the total stack power. The stack power is a measure of seismic energy transferred from energy sources to receivers.

Reister, David B. (Knoxville, TN); Barhen, Jacob (Oak Ridge, TN); Oblow, Edward M. (Knoxville, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Optimization Online - Simultaneous Column-and-Row Generation ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 14, 2010 ... Abstract: In this paper, we develop a simultaneous column-and-row generation algorithm that could be applied to a general class of large-scale ...

Ibrahim Muter

2010-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

105

Fossil fuel combined cycle power generation method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for converting fuel energy to electricity includes the steps of converting a higher molecular weight gas into at least one mixed gas stream of lower average molecular weight including at least a first lower molecular weight gas and a second gas, the first and second gases being different gases, wherein the first lower molecular weight gas comprises H.sub.2 and the second gas comprises CO. The mixed gas is supplied to at least one turbine to produce electricity. The mixed gas stream is divided after the turbine into a first gas stream mainly comprising H.sub.2 and a second gas stream mainly comprising CO. The first and second gas streams are then electrochemically oxidized in separate fuel cells to produce electricity. A nuclear reactor can be used to supply at least a portion of the heat the required for the chemical conversion process.

Labinov, Solomon D [Knoxville, TN; Armstrong, Timothy R [Clinton, TN; Judkins, Roddie R [Knoxville, TN

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

106

A Method for Evaluating Volt-VAR Optimization Field Demonstrations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a regulated business environment a utility must be able to validate that deployed technologies provide quantifiable benefits to the end-use customers. For traditional technologies there are well established procedures for determining what benefits will be derived from the deployment. But for many emerging technologies procedures for determining benefits are less clear and completely absent in some cases. Volt-VAR Optimization is a technology that is being deployed across the nation, but there are still numerous discussions about potential benefits and how they are achieved. This paper will present a method for the evaluation, and quantification of benefits, for field deployments of Volt-VAR Optimization technologies. In addition to the basic methodology, the paper will present a summary of results, and observations, from two separate Volt-VAR Optimization field evaluations using the proposed method.

Schneider, Kevin P.; Weaver, T. F.

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

107

Design method of dynamical decoupling sequences integrated with optimal control theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method for synthesizing dynamical decoupling (DD) sequences is presented, which can tailor these sequences to a given set of qubits, environments, instruments, and available resources using partial information of the system. The key concept behind the generation of the DD sequences involves not only extricating the strong dependence on the coupling strengths according to the "optimal control," but also exploiting the "refocus" technique used conventionally to obtain DD sequences. The concept is a generalized one that integrates optimal control and designing of DD sequences.

Yutaka Tabuchi; Masahiro Kitagawa

2012-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

108

Laser: a Tool for Optimization and Enhancement of Analytical Methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we use lasers to enhance possibilities of laser desorption methods and to optimize coating procedure for capillary electrophoresis (CE). We use several different instrumental arrangements to characterize matrix-assisted laser desorption (MALD) at atmospheric pressure and in vacuum. In imaging mode, 488-nm argon-ion laser beam is deflected by two acousto-optic deflectors to scan plumes desorbed at atmospheric pressure via absorption. All absorbing species, including neutral molecules, are monitored. Interesting features, e.g. differences between the initial plume and subsequent plumes desorbed from the same spot, or the formation of two plumes from one laser shot are observed. Total plume absorbance can be correlated with the acoustic signal generated by the desorption event. A model equation for the plume velocity as a function of time is proposed. Alternatively, the use of a static laser beam for observation enables reliable determination of plume velocities even when they are very high. Static scattering detection reveals negative influence of particle spallation on MS signal. Ion formation during MALD was monitored using 193-nm light to photodissociate a portion of insulin ion plume. These results define the optimal conditions for desorbing analytes from matrices, as opposed to achieving a compromise between efficient desorption and efficient ionization as is practiced in mass spectrometry. In CE experiment, we examined changes in a poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) coating by continuously monitoring the electroosmotic flow (EOF) in a fused-silica capillary during electrophoresis. An imaging CCD camera was used to follow the motion of a fluorescent neutral marker zone along the length of the capillary excited by 488-nm Ar-ion laser. The PEO coating was shown to reduce the velocity of EOF by more than an order of magnitude compared to a bare capillary at pH 7.0. The coating protocol was important, especially at an intermediate pH of 7.7. The increase of pH in the cathodic (detection-end) buffer reservoir beyond pH {approx}8.0, e.g. as a result of electrolysis, had a large impact on the stability of the coating. This phenomenon may be used for the efficient and reliable fast regeneration of the column surface.

Preisler, Jan

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

A Surface Reconstruction Method Using Global Graph Cut Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAR (China) 1 sparis@csail.mit.edu -- Sylvain Paris has worked on this project during his PhD at ARTIS calibrated images mainly has been approached using local methods, either as a continuous optimization problem of a pixel. Index Terms Graph flow, graph cut, 3D reconstruction from calibrated cameras, discontinuities

Paris, Sylvain

110

A Surface Reconstruction Method Using Global Graph Cut Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAR (China) 1sparis@csail.mit.edu ­ Sylvain Paris has worked on this project during his PhD at ARTIS calibrated images mainly has been approached using local methods, either as a continuous optimization problem of a pixel. Index Terms Graph flow, graph cut, 3D reconstruction from calibrated cameras, discontinuities

Paris, Sylvain

111

Biological optimization systems for enhancing photosynthetic efficiency and methods of use  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present disclosure relates to biological optimization systems for enhancing photosynthetic efficiency and methods of use.

Hunt, Ryan W; Chinnasamy, Senthil; Das, Keshav C; Rolim de Mattos, Erico

2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

112

Computational Research Challenges and Opportunities for the Optimization of Fossil Energy Power Generation System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emerging fossil energy power generation systems must operate with unprecedented efficiency and near-zero emissions, while optimizing profitably amid cost fluctuations for raw materials, finished products, and energy. To help address these challenges, the fossil energy industry will have to rely increasingly on the use advanced computational tools for modeling and simulating complex process systems. In this paper, we present the computational research challenges and opportunities for the optimization of fossil energy power generation systems across the plant lifecycle from process synthesis and design to plant operations. We also look beyond the plant gates to discuss research challenges and opportunities for enterprise-wide optimization, including planning, scheduling, and supply chain technologies.

Zitney, S.E.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Generating optimal states for a homodyne Bell test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a protocol that produces a conditionally prepared state that can be used for a Bell test based on homodyne detection. Based on the results of Munro [PRA 1999], the state is near-optimal for Bell-inequality violations based on quadrature-phase homodyne measurements that use correlated photon-number states. The scheme utilizes the Gaussian entanglement distillation protocol of Eisert et. al. [Annals of Phys. 2004] and uses only beam splitters and photodetection to conditionally prepare a non-Gaussian state from a source of two-mode squeezed states with low squeezing parameter, permitting a loophole-free test of Bell inequalities.

Sonja Daffer; Peter L. Knight

2005-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

114

Optimal control of aeroacoustic noise generated by cylinder vortex interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the blade resulting in a strong dipole type acoustic source. The noise generated by BVI is particularly severe, leading to environmental noise pollution in commercial applications and increased observability the fluid dynamics and acoustic mechanisms that result from BVI as well as to validate predictive techniques

Heinkenschloss, Matthias

115

Design and Optimization of Compatible, Segmented Thermoelectric Generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to rationally select materials for a segmented thermoelectric generator. The thermoelectric potential is used for the exact analytic expressions for materials with temperature dependent thermoelectric properties C H T T = . The thermoelectric material governs how close the efficiency can be to Carnot primarily

116

OPTIMAL DISTRIBUTED POWER GENERATION UNDER NETWORK LOAD CONSTRAINTS,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-producers. Decentralized Power Generation (DPG) refers to an electric power source such as solar, wind or combined heat (the approach used in the traditional electric power paradigm), DPG systems employ numerous, but small¨EL BLOEMHOF, JOOST BOSMAN§, DAAN CROMMELIN¶, JASON FRANK , AND GUANGYUAN YANG Abstract. In electrical power

Frank, Jason

117

MULTIOBJECTIVE OPTIMAL DESIGN OF SUPERCONDUCTING GENERATOR USING GENETIC ALGORITHM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project(Super-GM) and successfully completed to verify electrical features in an electric power system, Itsuya Muta, Tsutomu Hoshino and Taketsune Nakamura Department of Electrical Engineering, Graduate School in this paper. In consideration of electrical and mechanical characteristics of superconducting generator

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

118

Optimal distributed power generation under network load constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind turbines and heat pumps). This gives rise to the question how many units of each type (solar panel, mainly because of the development of novel components for decentral power generation (solar panels, small (DPG) refers to an electric power source such as solar, wind or combined heat power (CHP) connected

Utrecht, Universiteit

119

Optimal Placement and Sizing of Distributed Generator Units using Genetic Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale production units (e.g. fuel cells, micro-CHPs, photovoltaic panels) and the liberalization of the energy reliability, etc. This optimization problem can be solved in different ways like exhaustive searches [14

120

15.053 Optimization Methods in Management Science, Spring 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15.053 introduces students to the theory, algorithms, and applications of optimization. Optimization methodologies include linear programming, network optimization, integer programming, decision trees, and dynamic programming. ...

Mamani, Hamed

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A Spectral Conjugate Gradient Method for Unconstrained Optimization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A family of scaled conjugate gradient algorithms for large-scale unconstrained minimization is defined. The Perry, the Polak-Ribiere and the Fletcher-Reeves formulae are compared using a spectral scaling derived from Raydan's spectral gradient optimization method. The best combination of formula, scaling and initial choice of step-length is compared against well known algorithms using a classical set of problems. An additional comparison involving an ill-conditioned estimation problem in Optics is presented.

Birgin, E. G. [Department of Computer Science, IME-USP, University of Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao, 1010 - Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900 Sao Paulo SP (Brazil)], E-mail: egbirgin@ime.usp.br; Martinez, J. M. [Department of Applied Mathematics, IMECC-UNICAMP, University of Campinas, CP 6065, 13081-970 Campinas SP (Brazil)], E-mail: martinez@ime.unicamp.br

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Control and optimization system and method for chemical looping processes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A control system for optimizing a chemical loop system includes one or more sensors for measuring one or more parameters in a chemical loop. The sensors are disposed on or in a conduit positioned in the chemical loop. The sensors generate one or more data signals representative of an amount of solids in the conduit. The control system includes a data acquisition system in communication with the sensors and a controller in communication with the data acquisition system. The data acquisition system receives the data signals and the controller generates the control signals. The controller is in communication with one or more valves positioned in the chemical loop. The valves are configured to regulate a flow of the solids through the chemical loop.

Lou, Xinsheng; Joshi, Abhinaya; Lei, Hao

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

123

Optimal working conditions for thermoelectric generators with realistic thermal coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study how maximum output power can be obtained from a thermoelectric generator(TEG) with nonideal heat exchangers. We demonstrate with an analytic approach based on a force-flux formalism that the sole improvement of the intrinsic characteristics of thermoelectric modules including the enhancement of the figure of merit is of limited interest: the constraints imposed by the working conditions of the TEG must be considered on the same footing. Introducing an effective thermal conductance we derive the conditions which permit maximization of both efficiency and power production of the TEG dissipatively coupled to heat reservoirs. Thermal impedance matching must be accounted for as well as electrical impedance matching in order to maximize the output power. Our calculations also show that the thermal impedance does not only depend on the thermal conductivity at zero electrical current: it also depends on the TEG figure of merit. Our analysis thus yields both electrical and thermal conditions permitting optima...

Apertet, Y; Glavatskaya, O; Goupil, C; Lecoeur, P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Model predictive control system and method for integrated gasification combined cycle power generation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Control system and method for controlling an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant are provided. The system may include a controller coupled to a dynamic model of the plant to process a prediction of plant performance and determine a control strategy for the IGCC plant over a time horizon subject to plant constraints. The control strategy may include control functionality to meet a tracking objective and control functionality to meet an optimization objective. The control strategy may be configured to prioritize the tracking objective over the optimization objective based on a coordinate transformation, such as an orthogonal or quasi-orthogonal projection. A plurality of plant control knobs may be set in accordance with the control strategy to generate a sequence of coordinated multivariable control inputs to meet the tracking objective and the optimization objective subject to the prioritization resulting from the coordinate transformation.

Kumar, Aditya; Shi, Ruijie; Kumar, Rajeeva; Dokucu, Mustafa

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

125

Iterative optimizing quantization method for reconstructing three-dimensional images from a limited number of views  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A three-dimensional image reconstruction method comprises treating the object of interest as a group of elements with a size that is determined by the resolution of the projection data, e.g., as determined by the size of each pixel. One of the projections is used as a reference projection. A fictitious object is arbitrarily defined that is constrained by such reference projection. The method modifies the known structure of the fictitious object by comparing and optimizing its four projections to those of the unknown structure of the real object and continues to iterate until the optimization is limited by the residual sum of background noise. The method is composed of several sub-processes that acquire four projections from the real data and the fictitious object: generate an arbitrary distribution to define the fictitious object, optimize the four projections, generate a new distribution for the fictitious object, and enhance the reconstructed image. The sub-process for the acquisition of the four projections from the input real data is simply the function of acquiring the four projections from the data of the transmitted intensity. The transmitted intensity represents the density distribution, that is, the distribution of absorption coefficients through the object. 5 figs.

Lee, H.R.

1997-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

126

Iterative optimizing quantization method for reconstructing three-dimensional images from a limited number of views  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A three-dimensional image reconstruction method comprises treating the object of interest as a group of elements with a size that is determined by the resolution of the projection data, e.g., as determined by the size of each pixel. One of the projections is used as a reference projection. A fictitious object is arbitrarily defined that is constrained by such reference projection. The method modifies the known structure of the fictitious object by comparing and optimizing its four projections to those of the unknown structure of the real object and continues to iterate until the optimization is limited by the residual sum of background noise. The method is composed of several sub-processes that acquire four projections from the real data and the fictitious object: generate an arbitrary distribution to define the fictitious object, optimize the four projections, generate a new distribution for the fictitious object, and enhance the reconstructed image. The sub-process for the acquisition of the four projections from the input real data is simply the function of acquiring the four projections from the data of the transmitted intensity. The transmitted intensity represents the density distribution, that is, the distribution of absorption coefficients through the object.

Lee, Heung-Rae (Dublin, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Method and apparatus for generating a natural crack  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for generating a measurable natural crack includes forming a primary notch in the surface of a solid material. A nonsustained single pressure pulse is then generated in the vicinity of the primary notch, reuslting in the formation of a shock wave which travels through the material. The shock wave creates a measurable natural crack within the material which extends from the primary notch. The natural crack formed possesses predictable geometry, location and orientation.

Fulton, F.J.; Honodel, C.A.; Holman, W.R.; Weingart, R.C.

1982-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

128

Guided wave methods and apparatus for nonlinear frequency generation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus are disclosed for the nonlinear generation of sum and difference frequencies of electromagnetic radiation propagating in a nonlinear material. A waveguide having a waveguide cavity contains the nonlinear material. Phase matching of the nonlinear generation is obtained by adjusting a waveguide propagation constant, the refractive index of the nonlinear material, or the waveguide mode in which the radiation propagates. Phase matching can be achieved even in isotropic nonlinear materials. A short-wavelength radiation source uses phase-matched nonlinear generation in a waveguide to produce high harmonics of a pulsed laser.

Durfee, III, Charles G. (Ann Arbor, MI); Rundquist, Andrew (Austin, TX); Kapteyn, Henry C. (Ann Arbor, MI); Murnane, Margaret M. (Ann Arbor, MI)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Geometry Optimization with QM/MM, ONIOM, and Other Combined Methods. I. Microiterations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geometry Optimization with QM/MM, ONIOM, and Other Combined Methods. I. Microiterations calculation, have been very successful in describing large systems. Geometry optimization methods can take). A series of microit- erations can be employed to fully optimize the MM region for each optimization step

Schlegel, H. Bernhard

130

Optimal Integration of Renewable Energy Resources in Data Centers with Behind-the-Meter Renewable Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimal Integration of Renewable Energy Resources in Data Centers with Behind-the-Meter Renewable-- Renewable energy resources, such as wind and solar power, are rapidly becoming generation technologies-temporal variations, the integration of renewable energy resources is usually very challenging. Some of the previously

Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

131

EV3 : Traction drives and generators A: Electric machine design and optimization 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EV3 : Traction drives and generators A: Electric machine design and optimization 1 Influence Electrical Machine Type B. Aslan1 , J. Korecki1 , T. Vigier1 , E. Semail1 bassel.aslan@yahoo.com, korecki according to the electrical angle e (angle between current and back-EMF vector), for different values

Boyer, Edmond

132

Optimization of a Small Passive Wind Turbine Generator with Multiobjective Genetic Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Multiobjective Optimization, Genetic Algorithms, Wind Energy, Vertical Axis Wind Turbine hal-00763673,version1 achieved by controlling the speed of a Wind Turbine Generator (WTG). In particular, the rotor speed should vary in accordance with the wind speed by maintaining the tip speed ratio to the value that maximizes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

133

Generator Coordinate Method framework for Double Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a consistent prescription for the derivation of the particle number and angular momentum projected QRPA (PQRPA) equation in the Generator Coordinate Method (GCM) framework for calculation of NME's of double-beta decay of axially deformed nuclei. We derive closed formulae for the calculation of excitation energies and wave functions of the intermediate nucleus.

Andrzej Bobyk; Wies?aw A. Kami?ski

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

134

Geometry optimization methods for modeling large molecules O don Farkasa,*, H. Bernhard Schlegelb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geometry optimization methods for modeling large molecules O¨ do¨n Farkasa,*, H. Bernhard Schlegelb, Wayne State University, Detroit, USA Abstract Geometry optimization is an essential part of quantum that there are different requirements for a chosen optimization method. The proposed method aims to meet two requirements

Schlegel, H. Bernhard

135

Isovector pairing collective motion: Generator-coordinate-method approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Isovector pairing collective motion is treated by means of the generator coordinate method. In this scheme, the isospin and number projection is performed analytically by the recognition of symmetry properties in the generalized Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer wave functions. Among the results obtained, our generator-coordinate-method values of energy and spectroscopic amplitude are shown to be comparable to those of shell model calculations. This is indeed encouraging, especially in view of the fact that they were reached using a simple approximation. The great simplicity of the present method, as compared with earlier complicated versions, suggests that they might prove useful in the study of isovector pairing collective states which are strongly populated by pair transfer reactions in medium weight nuclei.

Kyotoku, M.; Chen, H.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A new database generation method combining maximin method and kriging prediction for eddy-current testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new database generation method combining maximin method and kriging prediction for eddy in the domain of ECT ­ of using databases appeared recently. The database consists of well-chosen pairs of input the database instead of recoursing to the complicated and expensive-to-run simulation methods. How- ever

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

137

Seismic wave generation systems and methods for cased wells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A vibration source (10) includes an armature bar (12) having a major length dimension, and a driver (20A) positioned about the armature bar. The driver (20A) is movably coupled to the armature bar (12), and includes an electromagnet (40). During operation the electromagnet (40) is activated such that the driver (20A) moves with respect to the armature bar (12) and a vibratory signal is generated in the armature bar. A described method for generating a vibratory signal in an object includes positioning the vibration source (10) in an opening of the object, coupling the armature bar (12) to a surface of the object within the opening, and activating the electromagnet (40) of the driver (20A) such that the driver moves with respect to the armature bar (12) and a vibratory signal is generated in the armature bar and the object.

Minto, James (Houston, TX); Sorrells, Martin H (Huffman, TX); Owen, Thomas E. (Helotes, TX); Schroeder, Edgar C. (San Antonio, TX)

2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

138

Design of a Lithium-ion Battery Pack for PHEV Using a Hybrid Optimization Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of a Lithium-ion Battery Pack for PHEV Using a Hybrid Optimization Method Nansi Xue1 Abstract This paper outlines a method for optimizing the design of a lithium-ion battery pack for hy- brid, volume or material cost. Keywords: Lithium-ion, Optimization, Hybrid vehicle, Battery pack design

Papalambros, Panos

139

Shape optimized headers and methods of manufacture thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed herein is a shape optimized header comprising a shell that is operative for collecting a fluid; wherein an internal diameter and/or a wall thickness of the shell vary with a change in pressure and/or a change in a fluid flow rate in the shell; and tubes; wherein the tubes are in communication with the shell and are operative to transfer fluid into the shell. Disclosed herein is a method comprising fixedly attaching tubes to a shell; wherein the shell is operative for collecting a fluid; wherein an internal diameter and/or a wall thickness of the shell vary with a change in pressure and/or a change in a fluid flow rate in the shell; and wherein the tubes are in communication with the shell and are operative to transfer fluid into the shell.

Perrin, Ian James

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

140

Optimizing Geographic Allotment of Photovoltaic Capacity in a Distributed Generation Setting: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multi-objective optimization was performed to allocate 2MW of PV among four candidate sites on the island of Lanai such that energy was maximized and variability in the form of ramp rates was minimized. This resulted in an optimal solution set which provides a range of geographic allotment alternatives for the fixed PV capacity. Within the optimal set, a tradeoff between energy produced and variability experienced was found, whereby a decrease in variability always necessitates a simultaneous decrease in energy. A design point within the optimal set was selected for study which decreased extreme ramp rates by over 50% while only decreasing annual energy generation by 3% over the maximum generation allocation. To quantify the allotment mix selected, a metric was developed, called the ramp ratio, which compares ramping magnitude when all capacity is allotted to a single location to the aggregate ramping magnitude in a distributed scenario. The ramp ratio quantifies simultaneously how much smoothing a distributed scenario would experience over single site allotment and how much a single site is being under-utilized for its ability to reduce aggregate variability. This paper creates a framework for use by cities and municipal utilities to reduce variability impacts while planning for high penetration of PV on the distribution grid.

Urquhart, B.; Sengupta, M.; Keller, J.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Optimal energy-harvesting cycles for load-driven dielectric generators in plane strain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The performances of energy harvesting generators based on dielectric elastomers are investigated. The configuration is of a thin dielectric film coated by stretchable electrodes at both sides. The film is first stretched, then charged and subsequently, afterwards it is released, and finally the charge is harvested at a higher electric potential. The amount of energy extracted by this cycle is bounded by the electric breakdown and the ultimate stretch ratio of the film as well as by structural instabilities due to loss of tension. To identify the optimal cycle that complies with these limits we formulate a constraint optimization problem and solve it with a dedicated solver for two typical classes of elastic dielectrics. As anticipated, we find that the performance of the generator depends critically on the ultimate stretch ratio of the film. However, more surprising is our finding of a universal limit on the dielectric strength of the film beyond which the optimal cycle is independent of this parameter. Thus, we reveal that, regardless of how large the dielectric strength of the material is, there is an upper bound on the amount of harvested energy that depends only on the ultimate stretch ratio. We conclude the work with detailed calculations of the optimal cycles for two commercially available elastic dielectrics.

R. Springhetti; E. Bortot; G. deBotton; M. Gei

2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

142

Evaluating and developing parameter optimization and uncertainty analysis methods for a computationally intensive distributed hydrological model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study focuses on developing and evaluating efficient and effective parameter calibration and uncertainty methods for hydrologic modeling. Five single objective optimization algorithms and six multi-objective optimization algorithms were tested...

Zhang, Xuesong

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Optimization Online - Discrete gradient method: a derivative free ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 1, 2006 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

Adil Bagirov

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Method and apparatus for automated, modular, biomass power generation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method and apparatus for generating a low tar, renewable fuel gas from biomass and using it in other energy conversion devices, many of which were designed for use with gaseous and liquid fossil fuels. An automated, downdraft gasifier incorporates extensive air injection into the char bed to maintain the conditions that promote the destruction of residual tars. The resulting fuel gas and entrained char and ash are cooled in a special heat exchanger, and then continuously cleaned in a filter prior to usage in standalone as well as networked power systems.

Diebold, James P. (Lakewood, CO); Lilley, Arthur (Finleyville, PA); Browne, Kingsbury III (Golden, CO); Walt, Robb Ray (Aurora, CO); Duncan, Dustin (Littleton, CO); Walker, Michael (Longmont, CO); Steele, John (Aurora, CO); Fields, Michael (Arvada, CO); Smith, Trevor (Lakewood, CO)

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

145

Method and apparatus for automated, modular, biomass power generation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method and apparatus for generating a low tar, renewable fuel gas from biomass and using it in other energy conversion devices, many of which were designed for use with gaseous and liquid fossil fuels. An automated, downdraft gasifier incorporates extensive air injection into the char bed to maintain the conditions that promote the destruction of residual tars. The resulting fuel gas and entrained char and ash are cooled in a special heat exchanger, and then continuously cleaned in a filter prior to usage in standalone as well as networked power systems.

Diebold, James P; Lilley, Arthur; Browne, III, Kingsbury; Walt, Robb Ray; Duncan, Dustin; Walker, Michael; Steele, John; Fields, Michael; Smith, Trevor

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

146

Fuel processor and method for generating hydrogen for fuel cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of producing a H.sub.2 rich gas stream includes supplying an O.sub.2 rich gas, steam, and fuel to an inner reforming zone of a fuel processor that includes a partial oxidation catalyst and a steam reforming catalyst or a combined partial oxidation and stream reforming catalyst. The method also includes contacting the O.sub.2 rich gas, steam, and fuel with the partial oxidation catalyst and the steam reforming catalyst or the combined partial oxidation and stream reforming catalyst in the inner reforming zone to generate a hot reformate stream. The method still further includes cooling the hot reformate stream in a cooling zone to produce a cooled reformate stream. Additionally, the method includes removing sulfur-containing compounds from the cooled reformate stream by contacting the cooled reformate stream with a sulfur removal agent. The method still further includes contacting the cooled reformate stream with a catalyst that converts water and carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide and H.sub.2 in a water-gas-shift zone to produce a final reformate stream in the fuel processor.

Ahmed, Shabbir (Naperville, IL); Lee, Sheldon H. D. (Willowbrook, IL); Carter, John David (Bolingbrook, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL); Myers, Deborah J. (Lisle, IL)

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

147

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Methods Technical Program Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the great challenges of designing and licensing the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) is to confirm that the intended VHTR analysis tools can be used confidently to make decisions and to assure all that the reactor systems are safe and meet the performance objectives of the Generation IV Program. The research and development (R&D) projects defined in the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Design Methods Development and Validation Program will ensure that the tools used to perform the required calculations and analyses can be trusted. The Methods R&D tasks are designed to ensure that the calculational envelope of the tools used to analyze the VHTR reactor systems encompasses, or is larger than, the operational and transient envelope of the VHTR itself. The Methods R&D focuses on the development of tools to assess the neutronic and thermal fluid behavior of the plant. The fuel behavior and fission product transport models are discussed in the Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) program plan. Various stress analysis and mechanical design tools will also need to be developed and validated and will ultimately also be included in the Methods R&D Program Plan. The calculational envelope of the neutronics and thermal-fluids software tools intended to be used on the NGNP is defined by the scenarios and phenomena that these tools can calculate with confidence. The software tools can only be used confidently when the results they produce have been shown to be in reasonable agreement with first-principle results, thought-problems, and data that describe the “highly ranked” phenomena inherent in all operational conditions and important accident scenarios for the VHTR.

Richard R. Schultz; Abderrafi M. Ougouag; David W. Nigg; Hans D. Gougar; Richard W. Johnson; William K. Terry; Chang H. Oh; Donald W. McEligot; Gary W. Johnsen; Glenn E. McCreery; Woo Y. Yoon; James W. Sterbentz; J. Steve Herring; Temitope A. Taiwo; Thomas Y. C. Wei; William D. Pointer; Won S. Yang; Michael T. Farmer; Hussein S. Khalil; Madeline A. Feltus

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Methods Technical Program Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the great challenges of designing and licensing the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) is to confirm that the intended VHTR analysis tools can be used confidently to make decisions and to assure all that the reactor systems are safe and meet the performance objectives of the Generation IV Program. The research and development (R&D) projects defined in the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Design Methods Development and Validation Program will ensure that the tools used to perform the required calculations and analyses can be trusted. The Methods R&D tasks are designed to ensure that the calculational envelope of the tools used to analyze the VHTR reactor systems encompasses, or is larger than, the operational and transient envelope of the VHTR itself. The Methods R&D focuses on the development of tools to assess the neutronic and thermal fluid behavior of the plant. The fuel behavior and fission product transport models are discussed in the Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) program plan. Various stress analysis and mechanical design tools will also need to be developed and validated and will ultimately also be included in the Methods R&D Program Plan. The calculational envelope of the neutronics and thermal-fluids software tools intended to be used on the NGNP is defined by the scenarios and phenomena that these tools can calculate with confidence. The software tools can only be used confidently when the results they produce have been shown to be in reasonable agreement with first-principle results, thought-problems, and data that describe the “highly ranked” phenomena inherent in all operational conditions and important accident scenarios for the VHTR.

Richard R. Schultz; Abderrafi M. Ougouag; David W. Nigg; Hans D. Gougar; Richard W. Johnson; William K. Terry; Chang H. Oh; Donald W. McEligot; Gary W. Johnsen; Glenn E. McCreery; Woo Y. Yoon; James W. Sterbentz; J. Steve Herring; Temitope A. Taiwo; Thomas Y. C. Wei; William D. Pointer; Won S. Yang; Michael T. Farmer; Hussein S. Khalil; Madeline A. Feltus

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Methods Technical Program Plan -- PLN-2498  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the great challenges of designing and licensing the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) is to confirm that the intended VHTR analysis tools can be used confidently to make decisions and to assure all that the reactor systems are safe and meet the performance objectives of the Generation IV Program. The research and development (R&D) projects defined in the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Design Methods Development and Validation Program will ensure that the tools used to perform the required calculations and analyses can be trusted. The Methods R&D tasks are designed to ensure that the calculational envelope of the tools used to analyze the VHTR reactor systems encompasses, or is larger than, the operational and transient envelope of the VHTR itself. The Methods R&D focuses on the development of tools to assess the neutronic and thermal fluid behavior of the plant. The fuel behavior and fission product transport models are discussed in the Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) program plan. Various stress analysis and mechanical design tools will also need to be developed and validated and will ultimately also be included in the Methods R&D Program Plan. The calculational envelope of the neutronics and thermal-fluids software tools intended to be used on the NGNP is defined by the scenarios and phenomena that these tools can calculate with confidence. The software tools can only be used confidently when the results they produce have been shown to be in reasonable agreement with first-principle results, thought-problems, and data that describe the “highly ranked” phenomena inherent in all operational conditions and important accident scenarios for the VHTR.

Richard R. Schultz; Abderrafi M. Ougouag; David W. Nigg; Hans D. Gougar; Richard W. Johnson; William K. Terry; Chang H. Oh; Donald W. McEligot; Gary W. Johnsen; Glenn E. McCreery; Woo Y. Yoon; James W. Sterbentz; J. Steve Herring; Temitope A. Taiwo; Thomas Y. C. Wei; William D. Pointer; Won S. Yang; Michael T. Farmer; Hussein S. Khalil; Madeline A. Feltus

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Derivative-free Methods for Mixed-Integer Constrained Optimization ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and composition of heat intercepts in a thermal insulation system. Optimization and. Engineering 2(1) ... constant-power region operation. IEEE Transaction on ...

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

151

A comparison of sample-based Stochastic Optimal Control methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 10, 2010 ... Abstract: In this paper, we compare the performance of two ... algorithm and the optimal strategy, as a performance indicator for the two models.

Pierre Girardeau

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

152

An integrated optimal design method for utility power distribution systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation presents a comprehensive and integrated design methodology to optimize both the electrical and the economic performance of a utility power distribution system. The… (more)

Fehr, Ralph E

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Optimization Online - Active-set prediction for interior point methods ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 18, 2014 ... Abstract: We propose the use of controlled perturbations to address the challenging question of optimal active-set prediction for interior point ...

Coralia Cartis

2014-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

154

Sample Size Selection in Optimization Methods for Machine Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 18, 2011 ... optimization algorithms for machine learning and stochastic ..... stochastic nature of the problem, we could try to derive conditions of the sam-.

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

155

Optimization Online - Interior-point method for nonlinear ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 25, 2009 ... The algorithm was implemented in the interactive system for universal functional optimization UFO. Results of extensive numerical experiments ...

Ladislav Luksan

2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

156

Optimization Online - A Proximal Multiplier Method for Convex ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 29, 2014 ... Abstract: This work is devoted to the study of a proximal decomposition algorithm for solving convex symmetric cone optimization with ...

Julio López

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

157

Parallel Coordinate Descent Methods for Big Data Optimization ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 4, 2012 ... Abstract. In this work we show that randomized (block) coordinate ... and this work is aimed at developing optimization algorithms suitable for.

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

158

Proximal-ACCPM: a versatile oracle based optimization method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 26, 2004 ... problem (TSP) library [28] is solved. Instances of the ..... computing time (SUN Ultra-80, Ultrasparc driver) whereas an optimality cut. (call to the ...

2004-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

159

Collocation Methods for Optimization in a Modelica Environment Fredrik Magnussona Johan kessona,b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collocation Methods for Optimization in a Modelica Environment Fredrik Magnussona Johan Åkessona The solution of generic dynamic optimization prob- lems described by Modelica, and its extension Opti- mica dynamics are de- scribed using Modelica, and the optimization formu- lation is done with the use

160

Method of generating electricity using an endothermic coal gasifier and MHD generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method of generating electrical power wherein a mixture of carbonaceous material and water is heated to initiate and sustain the endothermic reaction of carbon and water thereby providing a gasified stream containing carbon monoxide, hydrogen and nitrogen and waste streams of hydrogen sulfide and ash. The gasified stream and an ionizing seed material and pressurized air from a preheater go to a burner for producing ionized combustion gases having a temperature of about 5000.degree. to about 6000.degree. F. which are accelerated to a velocity of about 1000 meters per second and passed through an MHD generator to generate DC power and thereafter through a diffuser to reduce the velocity. The gases from the diffuser go to an afterburner and from there in heat exchange relationship with the gasifier to provide heat to sustain the endothermic reaction of carbon and water and with the preheater to preheat the air prior to combustion with the gasified stream. Energy from the afterburner can also be used to energize other parts of the system.

Marchant, David D. (Richland, WA); Lytle, John M. (Richland, WA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A new method to generate dust with astrophysical properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In interstellar and interplanetary space, the size distribution and composition of dust grains play an important role. For example, dust grains determine optical and ultraviolet extinction levels in astronomical observations, dominate the cooling rate of our Galaxy, and sets the thermal balance and radiative cooling rates in molecular clouds, which are the birth place of stars. Dust grains are also a source of damage and failure to space hardware and thus present a hazard to space flight. To model the size distribution and composition of dust grains, and their effect in the above scenarios, it is vital to understand the mechanism of dust-shock interaction. We demonstrate a new experiment which employs a laser to subject dust grains to pressure spikes similar to those of colliding astrophysical dust, and which accelerates the grains to astrophysical velocities. The new method generates much larger data sets than earlier methods; we show how large quantities (thousands) of grains are accelerated at once, rather than accelerating individual grains, as is the case of earlier methods using electric fields.

Hansen, J F; van Breugel, W; Bringa, E M; Graham, G A; Remington, B A; Taylor, E A; Tielens, A G

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

162

Development of Combinatorial Methods for Alloy Design and Optimization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary goal of this research was to develop a comprehensive methodology for designing and optimizing metallic alloys by combinatorial principles. Because conventional techniques for alloy preparation are unavoidably restrictive in the range of alloy composition that can be examined, combinatorial methods promise to significantly reduce the time, energy, and expense needed for alloy design. Combinatorial methods can be developed not only to optimize existing alloys, but to explore and develop new ones as well. The scientific approach involved fabricating an alloy specimen with a continuous distribution of binary and ternary alloy compositions across its surface--an ''alloy library''--and then using spatially resolved probing techniques to characterize its structure, composition, and relevant properties. The three specific objectives of the project were: (1) to devise means by which simple test specimens with a library of alloy compositions spanning the range interest can be produced; (2) to assess how well the properties of the combinatorial specimen reproduce those of the conventionally processed alloys; and (3) to devise screening tools which can be used to rapidly assess the important properties of the alloys. As proof of principle, the methodology was applied to the Fe-Ni-Cr ternary alloy system that constitutes many commercially important materials such as stainless steels and the H-series and C-series heat and corrosion resistant casting alloys. Three different techniques were developed for making alloy libraries: (1) vapor deposition of discrete thin films on an appropriate substrate and then alloying them together by solid-state diffusion; (2) co-deposition of the alloying elements from three separate magnetron sputtering sources onto an inert substrate; and (3) localized melting of thin films with a focused electron-beam welding system. Each of the techniques was found to have its own advantages and disadvantages. A new and very powerful technique for rapid structural and chemical characterization of alloy libraries was developed based on high intensity x-radiation available at synchrotron sources such as the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). With the technique, structural and chemical characterization of up to 2500 discrete positions on a library can made in a period of less than 4 hours. Among the parameters that can be measured are the chemical composition, crystal structure, lattice parameters, texture, and grain size. From these, one can also deduce isothermal sections of ternary phase diagrams. The equipment and techniques needed to do this are now in place for use in future combinatorial studies at the ORNL beam line at the APS. In conjunction with the chemical and structural investigations, nanoindentation techniques were developed to investigate the mechanical properties of the combinatorial libraries. The two primary mechanical properties of interest were the elastic modulus, E, and hardness, H, both of which were measured on alloy library surfaces with spatial resolutions of better than 1 m. A nanoindentation testing system at ORNL was programmed to make a series of indentations at specified locations on the library surface and automatically collect and store all the data needed to obtain hardness and modulus as a function of position. Approximately 200 indentations can be made during an overnight run, which allows for mechanical property measurement over a wide range of chemical composition in a relatively short time. Since the materials based on the Fe-Ni-Cr system often find application in highly carburizing and harsh chemical environments, simple techniques were developed to assess the resistance of Fe-Ni-Cr alloy libraries to carburization and corrosion. Alloy libraries were carburized by standard techniques, and the effectiveness of the carburization at various points along the sample surface was assessed by nanoindentation hardness measurement. Corrosion tests were conducted by placing library specimens in highly corrosive aqueous environments, with the corr

Pharr, George M.; George, Easo P.; Santella, Michael L

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Coordinate and Subspace Optimization Methods for Linear Least ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 8, 2006 ... signal is a linear combination of these atoms, i.e. x = ?z. (1.2) is the .... Assume that within an iterative optimization process of minimizing (1.1),.

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

164

Solving the Unit Commitment Problem in Power Generation by Primal and Dual Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- storage hydro plants a large-scale mixed integer optimization model for unit commitment is developed optimal scheduling of on/o decisions and output levels for generating units in a power system over on the shares of nuclear, conventional thermal, hydro and pumped-storage hydro power in the underlying

Römisch, Werner

165

Optimal energy conserving local discontinuous Galerkin methods for second-order wave equation in heterogeneous media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal energy conserving local discontinuous Galerkin methods for second-order wave equation property and accuracy. Compatible high order energy conserving time integrators are also proposed. The optimal error estimates and the energy conserving property are proved for the semi-discrete methods. Our

Shu, Chi-Wang

166

Generation and Optimization of Test cases for Object-Oriented Software Using State Chart Diagram  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The process of testing any software system is an enormous task which is time consuming and costly. The time and required effort to do sufficient testing grow, as the size and complexity of the software grows, which may cause overrun of the project budget, delay in the development of software system or some test cases may not be covered. During SDLC (software development life cycle), generally the software testing phase takes around 40-70% of the time and cost. State-based testing is frequently used in software testing. Test data generation is one of the key issues in software testing. A properly generated test suite may not only locate the errors in a software system, but also help in reducing the high cost associated with software testing. It is often desired that test data in the form of test sequences within a test suite can be automatically generated to achieve required test coverage. This paper proposes an optimization approach to test data generation for the state-based software testing. In this paper, ...

Swain, Ranjita Kumari; Mohapatra, Durga Prasad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

ANALYSIS AND OPTIMIZATION USING NUMERICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION METHODS FOR MULTIDISCIPLINARY DESIGN PROBLEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, vibration/noise control, and fluid mechanics, simultaneously. Higher product quality, less developing time and lower manufacturing cost will be achieved through a balanced and organic MDO method. In this paper, numerical stress analysis, optimization method...

Oh, Bong T.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

168

Method of generating hydrogen by catalytic decomposition of water  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for producing hydrogen includes providing a feed stream comprising water; contacting at least one proton conducting membrane adapted to interact with the feed stream; splitting the water into hydrogen and oxygen at a predetermined temperature; and separating the hydrogen from the oxygen. Preferably the proton conducting membrane comprises a proton conductor and a second phase material. Preferable proton conductors suitable for use in a proton conducting membrane include a lanthanide element, a Group VIA element and a Group IA or Group IIA element such as barium, strontium, or combinations of these elements. More preferred proton conductors include yttrium. Preferable second phase materials include platinum, palladium, nickel, cobalt, chromium, manganese, vanadium, silver, gold, copper, rhodium, ruthenium, niobium, zirconium, tantalum, and combinations of these. More preferably second phase materials suitable for use in a proton conducting membrane include nickel, palladium, and combinations of these. The method for generating hydrogen is preferably preformed in the range between about 600.degree. C. and 1,700.degree. C.

Balachandran, Uthamalingam (Hinsdale, IL); Dorris, Stephen E. (LaGrange Park, IL); Bose, Arun C. (Pittsburgh, PA); Stiegel, Gary J. (Library, PA); Lee, Tae-Hyun (Naperville, IL)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Iterative methods for large-scale unconstrained optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T. Steihaug. The conjugate gradient method and trust regionsCholesky-conjugate gradient method for the iterativemethod. A vanilla conjugate-gradient method for minimizing q

Erway, Jennifer B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

TO BE PRESENTED AT 2006 POWERCON, CHONGQING, CHINA, OCT 2006 A Hybrid Method for Multi-Area Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Area Generation Expansion using Tabu-search and Dynamic Programming Panida Jirutitijaroen, Student Member, IEEE using dynamic programming for the solution of generation expansion and placement considering reliability, Reliability, Tabu Search, Power System Optimization, Global Decomposition, Generation Adequacy, Dynamic

171

Methods and apparatus for cooling wind turbine generators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine generator includes a stator having a core and a plurality of stator windings circumferentially spaced about a generator longitudinal axis. A rotor is rotatable about the generator longitudinal axis, and the rotor includes a plurality of magnetic elements coupled to the rotor and cooperating with the stator windings. The magnetic elements are configured to generate a magnetic field and the stator windings are configured to interact with the magnetic field to generate a voltage in the stator windings. A heat pipe assembly thermally engaging one of the stator and the rotor to dissipate heat generated in the stator or rotor.

Salamah, Samir A. (Niskayuna, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha Dattatraya (Rexford, NY); Garg, Jivtesh (Schenectady, NY); Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran (Niskayuna, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Alplaus, NY); Carl, Jr., Ralph James (Clifton Park, NY)

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

172

Projected-search methods for box-constrained optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

method, such as the conjugate-gradient method, to minimize aobtained from a conjugate-gradient method, the line search1 when using a conjugate-gradient method. Roughly speaking,

Ferry, Michael William

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Optimal selection of on-site generation with combined heat andpower applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While demand for electricity continues to grow, expansion of the traditional electricity supply system, or macrogrid, is constrained and is unlikely to keep pace with the growing thirst western economies have for electricity. Furthermore, no compelling case has been made that perpetual improvement in the overall power quality and reliability (PQR)delivered is technically possible or economically desirable. An alternative path to providing high PQR for sensitive loads would generate close to them in microgrids, such as the Consortium for Electricity Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) Microgrid. Distributed generation would alleviate the pressure for endless improvement in macrogrid PQR and might allow the establishment of a sounder economically based level of universal grid service. Energy conversion from available fuels to electricity close to loads can also provide combined heat and power (CHP) opportunities that can significantly improve the economics of small-scale on-site power generation, especially in hot climates when the waste heat serves absorption cycle cooling equipment that displaces expensive on-peak electricity. An optimization model, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM), developed at Berkeley Lab identifies the energy bill minimizing combination of on-site generation and heat recovery equipment for sites, given their electricity and heat requirements, the tariffs they face, and a menu of available equipment. DER-CAM is used to conduct a systemic energy analysis of a southern California naval base building and demonstrates atypical current economic on-site power opportunity. Results achieve cost reductions of about 15 percent with DER, depending on the tariff.Furthermore, almost all of the energy is provided on-site, indicating that modest cost savings can be achieved when the microgrid is free to select distributed generation and heat recovery equipment in order to minimize its over all costs.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Bailey, Owen; HamachiLaCommare, Kristina

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

Body Fitted Grid Generation Method with Moving Boundaries and Its Application for analysis of MEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Body Fitted Grid Generation Method with Moving Boundaries and Its Application for analysis of MEMS these MEMS devices using body fitted grid generation method with moving boundaries is proposed. This technique is based on the finite-difference time-domain (FD-TD) method and a kind of grid generation

Tentzeris, Manos

175

A SURVEY OF MULTI-START METHODS FOR COMBINATORIAL OPTIMIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

not used to address problems in the realm of optimization as we view it today. More recently, Glover (1977;2 RAFAEL MART´I, MAURICIO G.C. RESENDE, AND CELSO C. RIBEIRO this framework are given in (Glover (1986), Glover (1989), and Glover (2000)) ad- dressing controlled randomization, learning strategies, induced

Fisher, Kathleen

176

DYNAMIC EMBEDDED OPTIMIZATION AND SHOOTING METHODS FOR POWER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is usually undesirable, and tends to be induced by inter- actions between generator controllers. In many cases, linear techniques can be used to identify contributing factors, and to retune controls ac

177

Apparatus and method for generating partially coherent illumination for photolithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates an apparatus and method for creating a bright, uniform source of partially coherent radiation for illuminating a pattern, in order to replicate an image of said pattern with a high degree of acuity. The present invention introduces a novel scatter plate into the optical path of source light used for illuminating a replicated object. The scatter plate has been designed to interrupt a focused, incoming light beam by introducing between about 8 to 24 diffraction zones blazed onto the surface of the scatter plate which intercept the light and redirect it to a like number of different positions in the condenser entrance pupil each of which is determined by the relative orientation and the spatial frequency of the diffraction grating in each of the several zones. Light falling onto the scatter plate, therefore, generates a plurality of unphased sources of illumination as seen by the back half of the optical system. The system includes a high brightness source, such as a laser, creating light which is taken up by a beam forming optic which focuses the incoming light into a condenser which in turn, focuses light into a field lens creating Kohler illumination image of the source in a camera entrance pupil. The light passing through the field lens illuminates a mask which interrupts the source light as either a positive or negative image of the object to be replicated. Light passing by the mask is focused into the entrance pupil of the lithographic camera creating an image of the mask onto a receptive media. 7 figs.

Sweatt, W.C.

1999-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

178

Apparatus and method for generating partially coherent illumination for photolithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates an apparatus and method for creating a bright, uniform source of partially coherent radiation for illuminating a pattern, in order to replicate an image of said pattern with a high degree of acuity. The present invention introduces a novel scatter plate into the optical path of source light used for illuminating a replicated object. The scatter plate has been designed to interrupt a focused, incoming light beam by introducing between about 8 to 24 diffraction zones blazed onto the surface of the scatter plate which intercept the light and redirect it to a like number of different positions in the condenser entrance pupil each of which is determined by the relative orientation and the spatial frequency of the diffraction grating in each of the several zones. Light falling onto the scatter plate, therefore, generates a plurality of unphased sources of illumination as seen by the back half of the optical system. The system includes a high brightness source, such as a laser, creating light which is taken up by a beam forming optic which focuses the incoming light into a condenser which in turn, focuses light into a field lens creating Kohler illumination image of the source in a camera entrance pupil. The light passing through the field lens illuminates a mask which interrupts the source light as either a positive or negative image of the object to be replicated. Light passing by the mask is focused into the entrance pupil of the lithographic camera creating an image of the mask onto a receptive media.

Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Global Optimization Methods for the Aerodynamic Shape Design of Transonic Cascades  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Optimization Methods for the Aerodynamic Shape Design of Transonic Cascades T. Mengistu algorithms, namely Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Simulated Annealing (SA), have been applied to the aerodynamic reduction in total pressure loss by eliminating the passage shock. 1. INTRODUCTION Aerodynamic optimization

Neumaier, Arnold

180

A Global Optimization Method, ffBB, for General TwiceDifferentiable Constrained  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Global Optimization Method, ffBB, for General Twice­Differentiable Constrained NLPs: II et al., 1997) described the theoretical foundations of a global optimization algorithm, the ff problems, of small and medium size chemical engineering problems in the areas of reactor network design

Neumaier, Arnold

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Optimal crystal surface for efficient channeling in the new generation of hadron machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The new generation of hadron machines may profitably take advantage of channeling for steering and collimation of high-energy particle beams. In that case, the requirements on the quality of the crystal surface are rather stringent in terms of both lattice perfection and roughness. Here, the authors show the structural and morphological characterizations of crystals fabricated through a method to achieve a surface that fulfills all needed specifications for application in hadron machines.

Baricordi, S.; Guidi, V.; Mazzolari, A.; Martinelli, G.; Carnera, A.; De Salvador, D.; Sambo, A.; Della Mea, G.; Milan, R.; Vomiero, A.; Scandale, W. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Ferrara and INFN sezione di Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, Ferrara 44100 (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Padova and INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Viale dell' Universita 2, Legnaro, 35020 Padova (Italy); Dipartimento dei Materiali e Tecnologie Industriali, Universita di Trento, Via Mesiano 77, Trento 1-38100, Italy and INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Viale dell' Universita 2, Legnaro, 35020 Padova (Italy); INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Viale dell' Universita 2, Legnaro, 35020 Padova (Italy); INFM-CNR Sensor Laboratory, Brescia University, Via Valotti 9, Brescia 25133, Italy and INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Viale dell' Universita 2, Legnaro, 35020 Padova (Italy); European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), CH-1211 Geneva (Switzerland)

2007-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

182

Optimization Online - On fast trust region methods for quadratic ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 29, 2014 ... Trust region methods include a bound of the form ||x_{k+1}-x_k|| .leq. ... Conjugate gradient and Krylov subspace methods are addressed for ...

M.J.D. Powell

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

183

Method and apparatus for generating low energy nuclear particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A particle accelerator (12) generates an input particle beam having an initial energy level above a threshold for generating secondary nuclear particles. A thin target (14) is rotated in the path of the input beam for undergoing nuclear reactions to generate the secondary particles and correspondingly decrease energy of the input beam to about the threshold. The target (14) produces low energy secondary particles and is effectively cooled by radiation and conduction. A neutron scatterer (44) and a neutron filter (42) are also used for preferentially degrading the secondary particles into a lower energy range if desired.

Powell, James R. (Shoreham, NY); Reich, Morris (Flushing, NY); Ludewig, Hans (Brookhaven, NY); Todosow, Michael (Miller Place, NY)

1999-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

184

Method and apparatus for generating low energy nuclear particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A particle accelerator generates an input particle beam having an initial energy level above a threshold for generating secondary nuclear particles. A thin target is rotated in the path of the input beam for undergoing nuclear reactions to generate the secondary particles and correspondingly decrease energy of the input beam to about the threshold. The target produces low energy secondary particles and is effectively cooled by radiation and conduction. A neutron scatterer and a neutron filter are also used for preferentially degrading the secondary particles into a lower energy range if desired. 18 figs.

Powell, J.R.; Reich, M.; Ludewig, H.; Todosow, M.

1999-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

185

Global Optimization: Examples, Methods and July 5, 2011 1 --5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy E0 n(r) Matrices generation Ak = Bk = 40% time usage Generalized, next to Aachen University main building. More information can be found here: http://www.aices.rwth-aachen.de/find-us Initialization: non-interacting spherical V0(r) Calculation of full-potential V (r)[n] usage Charge

186

The Trust Region Sequential Quadratic Programming method applied to two-aircraft acoustic optimal control problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Trust Region Sequential Quadratic Programming method applied to two-aircraft acoustic optimal of the environmental pollution and noise impact, ACARE requires a 50% reduction of perceived noise for 2020. This goal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

187

Successive Backward Sweep Methods for Optimal Control of Nonlinear Systems with Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Continuous and discrete-time Successive Backward Sweep (SBS) methods for solving nonlinear optimal control problems involving terminal and control constraints are proposed in this dissertation. They closely resemble the Neighboring Extremals...

Cho, Donghyurn

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

188

Techniques for solving Nonlinear Programming Problems with Emphasis on Interior Point Methods and Optimal Control Problems   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary focus of this work is a thorough research into the current available techniques for solving nonlinear programming problems. Emphasis is placed on interior-point methods and the connection between optimal ...

Buchanan, Catherine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Beyond parallax barriers: applying formal optimization methods to multilayer automultiscopic displays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper focuses on resolving long-standing limitations of parallax barriers by applying formal optimization methods. We consider two generalizations of conventional parallax barriers. First, we consider general two-layer ...

Lanman, Douglas

190

Thermoelectric generator and method for the fabrication thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoelectric generator using semiconductor elements for responding to a temperature gradient to produce electrical energy with all of the semiconductor elements being of the same type is disclosed. A continuous process for forming substrates on which the semiconductor elements and superstrates are deposited and a process for forming the semiconductor elements on the substrates are also disclosed. The substrates with the semiconductor elements thereon are combined with superstrates to form modules for use thermoelectric generators.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Thermoelectric generator and method for the fabrication thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoelectric generator using semiconductor elements for responding to a temperature gradient to produce electrical energy with all of the semiconductor elements being of the same type is disclosed. A continuous process for forming substrates on which the semiconductor elements and superstrates are deposited and a process for forming the semiconductor elements on the substrates are also disclosed. The substrates with the semiconductor elements thereon are combined with superstrates to form modules for use as thermoelectric generators.

Benson, D.K.; Tracy, C.E.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Cold weather hydrogen generation system and method of operation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for providing hydrogen gas is provided. The system includes a hydrogen generator that produces gas from water. One or more heat generation devices are arranged to provide heating of the enclosure during different modes of operation to prevent freezing of components. A plurality of temperature sensors are arranged and coupled to a controller to selectively activate a heat source if the temperature of the component is less than a predetermined temperature.

Dreier, Ken Wayne (Madison, CT); Kowalski, Michael Thomas (Seymour, CT); Porter, Stephen Charles (Burlington, CT); Chow, Oscar Ken (Simsbury, CT); Borland, Nicholas Paul (Montpelier, VT); Goyette, Stephen Arthur (New Hartford, CT)

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

193

Optimization Online - The Inexact Spectral Bundle Method for ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 2, 2010 ... e.ntu.edu.sg) ... with matrices of order up to 3000 are performed and the computational results establish the effectiveness of this method.

Lin Huiling

2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

194

Optimization Online - Linearizing the Method of Conjugate Gradients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 9, 2012 ... Abstract: The method of conjugate gradients (CG) is widely used for the iterative solution of large sparse systems of equations $Ax=b$, where ...

Serge Gratton

2012-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

195

Subgradient methods for huge-scale optimization problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... paper was partially supported by the Laboratory of Structural Methods of Data Analysis in Predictive Modeling, MIPT, through the RF government grant, ag.11.

2012-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

196

An acceleration procedure for optimal first-order methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 16, 2012 ... In Section 3, we apply these methods to the eigenvalue ...... results that we present in this section are averaged over ten runs and obtained.

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

197

Optimization Online - A Power Penalty Method for Second-order ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apr 26, 2014 ... A Power Penalty Method for Second-order Cone Nonlinear Complementarity Problems. Zijun Hao(haozijun ***at*** whu.edu.cn) Zhongping ...

Zijun Hao

2014-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

198

Optimized analysis method for indirect dark matter searches with imaging air Cherenkov telescopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a dedicated analysis approach for indirect Dark Matter searches with Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescopes. By using the full likelihood analysis, we take complete advantage of the distinct features expected in the gamma ray spectrum of Dark Matter origin, achieving better sensitivity with respect to the standard analysis chains. We describe the method and characterize its general performance. We also compare its sensitivity with that of the current standards for several Dark Matter annihilation models, obtaining gains of up to factors of order of 10. We compute the improved limits that can be reached using this new approach, taking as an example existing estimates for several benchmark models as well as the recent results from VERITAS on observations of the dwarf spheroidal galaxy Segue 1. Furthermore, we estimate the sensitivity of Cherenkov Telescopes for monochromatic line signals. Predictions are made on improvement that can be achieved for MAGIC and CTA. Lastly, we discuss how this method can be applied in a global, sensitivity-optimized indirect Dark Matter search that combines the results of all Cherenkov observatories of the present generation.

Aleksi?, J.; Martinez, M. [Institut de Física d'Altes Energies (IFAE), Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Rico, J., E-mail: jelena@ifae.es, E-mail: jrico@ifae.es, E-mail: martinez@ifae.es [Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), E-08010 Barcelona (Spain)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Inverse-design and optimization methods for centrifugal pump impellers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be incompressible. As such, these methods are applicable to pumps, fans and hydraulic turbines. Furthermore details can lead to large changes in performance, like resulting head, efficiency and cavitation

Twente, Universiteit

200

Randomized coordinate descent methods for big data optimization   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis consists of 5 chapters. We develop new serial (Chapter 2), parallel (Chapter 3), distributed (Chapter 4) and primal-dual (Chapter 5) stochastic (randomized) coordinate descent methods, analyze their complexity ...

Takac, Martin

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Compensating Customer-Generators: A taxonomy describing methods of compensating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their electricity demands (loads) (IEA, 2003; Lovins, 2003). This trend can be attributed to factors, investment in grid-connected generation capacity is growing at a faster rate than off-grid applications (IEA of Canadian utilities, utility review boards, and provincial governments showed that there is no consensus

Hughes, Larry

202

Method and apparatus for automobile actuated power generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A plurality of cylindrical rollers are embedded in a roadway over which wheeled vehicles move such that the vehicle wheels rotate the contacted rollers. A shaft transverse to the roadway supports the rollers and turns with them to transfer power from vehicle contact to an electrical generating apparatus. Power accumulating apparatus, such as a water or hydraulic fluid reservoir, may intervene between the shaft and the generator to smooth the power flow when vehicle travel is intermittent. Alternate apparatus may directly link the shaft to an electrical generator which may, in turn, charge batteries or pump water upwardly to accumulate power for response to later demand. The rollers may be housed in a metal or concrete trough and cross one or more lanes of traffic to a median power collector such as a spider and bevel gear arrangement that is capable of receiving rotating motion from four right angle directions at once. In its simplest form, power is taken from auto wheels to turn the rollers and their shaft or shafts, and shaft rotation is communicated directly to an electrical generator to supply demand.

Rosenblum, J.

1984-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

203

Epsilon-net method for optimizations over separable states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give algorithms for the optimization problem: $\\max_\\rho \\ip{Q}{\\rho}$, where $Q$ is a Hermitian matrix, and the variable $\\rho$ is a bipartite {\\em separable} quantum state. This problem lies at the heart of several problems in quantum computation and information, such as the complexity of QMA(2). While the problem is NP-hard, our algorithms are better than brute force for several instances of interest. In particular, they give PSPACE upper bounds on promise problems admitting a QMA(2) protocol in which the verifier performs only logarithmic number of elementary gate on both proofs, as well as the promise problem of deciding if a bipartite local Hamiltonian has large or small ground energy. For $Q\\ge0$, our algorithm runs in time exponential in $\\|Q\\|_F$. While the existence of such an algorithm was first proved recently by Brand{\\~a}o, Christandl and Yard [{\\em Proceedings of the 43rd annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computation}, 343--352, 2011], our algorithm is conceptually simpler.

Yaoyun Shi; Xiaodi Wu

2011-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

204

Methods for generating or increasing revenues from crops  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides methods of doing business and providing services. For example, methods of increasing the revenue of crops are provided. To this end, the method includes the use of a nucleic acid sequences of plant centromeres. This will permit construction of stably inherited recombinant DNA constructs and mini chromosomes which can serve as vectors for the construction of transgenic plant and animal cells.

Copenhaver, Gregory P.; Keith, Kevin; Preuss, Daphne

2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

205

Method for changing removable bearing for a wind turbine generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind generator having removable change-out bearings includes a rotor and a stator, locking bolts configured to lock the rotor and stator, a removable bearing sub-assembly having at least one shrunk-on bearing installed, and removable mounting bolts configured to engage the bearing sub-assembly and to allow the removable bearing sub-assembly to be removed when the removable mounting bolts are removed.

Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran (Niskayuna, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Scotia, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha Dattatraya (Rexford, NY)

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

206

Variational and Optimization Methods in Meteorology: A Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tinuous in time, but localized in space (satellite data for instance)? (Data assimilation problem) iii processes and parametrization of subgrid phenomena. b) Data: New sources of data such as satellite data a view of the state of art in the field. Variational methods attempt to achieve a best fit between data

Navon, Michael

207

A Surface Reconstruction Method Using Global Graph Cut Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAR (China) 1sparis@csail.mit.edu ­ Sylvain Paris has worked on this project during his PhD at ARTIS reconstruction from multiple calibrated images mainly has been approached using local methods, either to 1/10th of a pixel. Index Terms Graph flow, graph cut, 3D reconstruction from calibrated cameras

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

208

Method of optimizing performance of Rankine cycle power plants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for efficiently operating a Rankine cycle power plant (10) to maximize fuel utilization efficiency or energy conversion efficiency or minimize costs by selecting a turbine (22) fluid inlet state which is substantially in the area adjacent and including the transposed critical temperature line (46).

Pope, William L. (Walnut Creek, CA); Pines, Howard S. (El Cerrito, CA); Doyle, Padraic A. (Oakland, CA); Silvester, Lenard F. (Richmond, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Method for measuring energy generation and efficiency of dielectric elastomer generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and elastomer membranes make DEGs a promising candidate for off-shore wave energy har- vesting. Devices avoiding gait to wind and ocean waves.5 Theoretical estimates show a huge specific electrical energy generated for energy harvesting from walking. Durability in sea water environment and impedance matching of ocean waves

Suo, Zhigang

210

Intergenerational mobility in earnings in Brazil spanning three generations and optimal investment in electricity generation in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation contains three essays. The first and second essays examine intergenerational mobility in earnings in Brazil using a data set spanning three generations. I use data from PNAD{a nationally representative household survey in Brazil. I...

Marchon, Cassia Helena

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

211

Comparison of Global Optimization Methods for Drag Reduction in the Automotive Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of Global Optimization Methods for Drag Reduction in the Automotive Industry Laurent reduction problems in the automotive industry. All the methods consist in improving classical genetic of a GA is reduced by a factor up to 7. 1 Introduction The topic of drag reduction in the automotive

Dumas, Laurent

212

Methods, systems, and computer program products for network firewall policy optimization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, systems, and computer program products for firewall policy optimization are disclosed. According to one method, a firewall policy including an ordered list of firewall rules is defined. For each rule, a probability indicating a likelihood of receiving a packet matching the rule is determined. The rules are sorted in order of non-increasing probability in a manner that preserves the firewall policy.

Fulp, Errin W. (Winston-Salem, NC); Tarsa, Stephen J. (Duxbury, MA)

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

213

Adaptive finite element methods for PDE-constrained optimal control problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive finite element methods for PDE-constrained optimal control problems R. Becker1 , M. Braack is discretized by a finite element Galerkin method. The accuracy of the discretization is controlled by residual of heat transfer, fluid flow and parameter estimation. The contents of this article is as follows

214

Phase field method to optimize dielectric devices for electromagnetic wave propagation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss a phase field method for shape optimization in the context of electromagnetic wave propagation. The proposed method has the same functional capabilities as the level set method for shape optimization. The first advantage of the method is the simplicity of computation, since extra operations such as re-initialization of functions are not required. The second is compatibility with the topology optimization method due to the similar domain representation and the sensitivity analysis. Structural shapes are represented by the phase field function defined in the design domain, and this function is optimized by solving a time-dependent reaction diffusion equation. The artificial double-well potential function used in the equation is derived from sensitivity analysis. We study four types of 2D or 2.5D (axisymmetric) optimization problems. Two are the classical problems of photonic crystal design based on the Bloch theory and photonic crystal wave guide design, and two are the recent topics of designing dielectric left-handed metamaterials and dielectric ring resonators.

Takezawa, Akihiro, E-mail: akihiro@hiroshima-u.ac.jp; Kitamura, Mitsuru, E-mail: kitamura@naoe.hiroshima-u.ac.jp

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Generation IV PR and PP Methods and Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an evaluation methodology for proliferation resistance and physical protection (PR&PP) of Generation IV nuclear energy systems (NESs). For a proposed NES design, the methodology defines a set of challenges, analyzes system response to these challenges, and assesses outcomes. The challenges to the NES are the threats posed by potential actors (proliferant States or sub-national adversaries). The characteristics of Generation IV systems, both technical and institutional, are used to evaluate the response of the system and determine its resistance against proliferation threats and robustness against sabotage and terrorism threats. The outcomes of the system response are expressed in terms of six measures for PR and three measures for PP, which are the high-level PR&PP characteristics of the NES. The methodology is organized to allow evaluations to be performed at the earliest stages of system design and to become more detailed and more representative as design progresses. Uncertainty of results are recognized and incorporated into the evaluation at all stages. The results are intended for three types of users: system designers, program policy makers, and external stakeholders. Particular current relevant activities will be discussed in this regard. The methodology has been illustrated in a series of demonstration and case studies and these will be summarized in the paper.

Bari,R.A.

2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

216

Method of generating hydrogen gas from sodium borohydride  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact solid source of hydrogen gas, where the gas is generated by contacting water with micro-disperse particles of sodium borohydride in the presence of a catalyst, such as cobalt or ruthenium. The micro-disperse particles can have a substantially uniform diameter of 1-10 microns, and preferably about 3-5 microns. Ruthenium or cobalt catalytic nanoparticles can be incorporated in the micro-disperse particles of sodium borohydride, which allows a rapid and complete reaction to occur without the problems associated with caking and scaling of the surface by the reactant product sodium metaborate. A closed loop water management system can be used to recycle wastewater from a PEM fuel cell to supply water for reacting with the micro-disperse particles of sodium borohydride in a compact hydrogen gas generator. Capillary forces can wick water from a water reservoir into a packed bed of micro-disperse fuel particles, eliminating the need for using an active pump.

Kravitz, Stanley H. (Placitas, NM); Hecht, Andrew M. (Sandia Park, NM); Sylwester, Alan P. (Albuquerque, NM); Bell, Nelson S. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

217

System and method for generating current by selective electron heating  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for the generation of toroidal current in a plasma which is prepared in a toroidal magnetic field. The system utilizes the injection of high-frequency waves into the plasma by means of waveguides. The wave frequency and polarization are chosen such that when the waveguides are tilted in a predetermined fashion, the wave energy is absorbed preferentially by electrons traveling in one toroidal direction. The absorption of energy in this manner produces a toroidal electric current even when the injected waves themselves do not have substantial toroidal momentum. This current can be continuously maintained at modest cost in power and may be used to confine the plasma. The system can operate efficiently on fusion grade tokamak plasmas.

Fisch, Nathaniel J. (Princeton, NJ); Boozer, Allen H. (Rocky Hill, NJ)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Method of inhibiting dislocation generation in silicon dendritic webs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of tailoring the heat balance of the outer edge of the dendrites adjacent the meniscus to produce thinner, smoother dendrites, which have substantially less dislocation sources contiguous with the dendrites, by changing the view factor to reduce radiation cooling or by irradiating the dendrites with light from a quartz lamp or a laser to raise the temperature of the dendrites.

Spitznagel, John A. (Export, PA); Seidensticker, Raymond G. (Forest Hills, PA); McHugh, James P. (Wilkins Township, Allegheny County, PA)

1990-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

219

A Pliant Method for Anisotropic Mesh Generation Frank J. Bossen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

elements conform well to the requested shape metric. The method appears particularly well suited to surface- ysis, heat transfer, fluid flow, electromagnetics, computer graphics, and other applications. It should interface that allows it to be used inside an adaptive finite element solver or in other contexts. allows

California at Berkeley, University of

220

Systems and methods for generation of hydrogen peroxide vapor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system according to one embodiment includes a moisture trap for drying air; at least one of a first container and a second container; and a mechanism for at least one of: bubbling dried air from the moisture trap through a hydrogen peroxide solution in the first container for producing a hydrogen peroxide vapor, and passing dried air from the moisture trap into a headspace above a hydrogen peroxide solution in the second container for producing a hydrogen peroxide vapor. A method according one embodiment includes at least one of bubbling dried air through a hydrogen peroxide solution in a container for producing a first hydrogen peroxide vapor, and passing dried air from the moisture trap into a headspace above the hydrogen peroxide solution in a container for producing a second hydrogen peroxide vapor. Additional systems and methods are also presented.

Love, Adam H; Eckels, Joel Del; Vu, Alexander K; Alcaraz, Armando; Reynolds, John G

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Apparatus and method for generating partially coherent illumination for photolithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention introduces a novel scatter plate into the optical path of source light used for illuminating a replicated object. The scatter plate has been designed to interrupt a focused, incoming light beam by introducing between about 8 to 24 diffraction zones blazed onto the surface of the scatter plate which intercept the light and redirect it to a like number of different positions in the condenser entrance pupil each of which is determined by the relative orientation and the spatial frequency of the diffraction grating in each of the several zones. Light falling onto the scatter plate, therefore, generates a plurality of unphased sources of illumination as seen by the back half of the optical system. The system comprises a high brightness source, such as a laser, creating light which is taken up by a beam forming optic which focuses the incoming light into a condenser which in turn, focuses light into a field lens creating Kohler illumination image of the source in a camera entrance pupil. The light passing through the field lens illuminates a mask which interrupts the source light as either a positive or negative image of the object to be replicated. Light passing by the mask is focused into the entrance pupil of the lithographic camera creating an image of the mask onto a receptive media.

Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Biological optimization systems for enhancing photosynthetic efficiency and methods of use  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Biological optimization systems for enhancing photosynthetic efficiency and methods of use. Specifically, methods for enhancing photosynthetic efficiency including applying pulsed light to a photosynthetic organism, using a chlorophyll fluorescence feedback control system to determine one or more photosynthetic efficiency parameters, and adjusting one or more of the photosynthetic efficiency parameters to drive the photosynthesis by the delivery of an amount of light to optimize light absorption of the photosynthetic organism while providing enough dark time between light pulses to prevent oversaturation of the chlorophyll reaction centers are disclosed.

Hunt, Ryan W.; Chinnasamy, Senthil; Das, Keshav C.; de Mattos, Erico Rolim

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

223

System and method of cylinder deactivation for optimal engine torque-speed map operation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This disclosure provides a system and method for determining cylinder deactivation in a vehicle engine to optimize fuel consumption while providing the desired or demanded power. In one aspect, data indicative of terrain variation is utilized in determining a vehicle target operating state. An optimal active cylinder distribution and corresponding fueling is determined from a recommendation from a supervisory agent monitoring the operating state of the vehicle of a subset of the total number of cylinders, and a determination as to which number of cylinders provides the optimal fuel consumption. Once the optimal cylinder number is determined, a transmission gear shift recommendation is provided in view of the determined active cylinder distribution and target operating state.

Sujan, Vivek A; Frazier, Timothy R; Follen, Kenneth; Moon, Suk-Min

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

224

Electrochemical methods for generation of a biological proton motive force  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are methods using neutral red to mediate the interconversion of chemical and electrical energy. Electrically reduced neutral red has been found to promote cell growth and formation of reduced products by reversibly increasing the ratio of the reduced:oxidized forms of NAD(H) or NADP(H). Electrically reduced neutral red is able to serve as the sole source of reducing power for microbial cell growth. Neutral red is also able to promote conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy by facilitating the transfer of electrons from microbial reducing power to a fuel cell cathode.

Zeikus, Joseph Gregory (Okemos, MI); Shin, Hyoun S. (Lansing, MI); Jain, Mahendra K. (Lexington, KY)

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

225

A derivative-free optimization method to compute scalar perturbation of AdS black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we describe an interesting application of a simple derivative-free optimization method to extract the quasinormal modes (QNM's) of a massive scalar field propagating in a 4-dimensional Schwarzschild anti-de Sitter black hole (Sch-AdS$_4$). In this approach, the problem to find the QNM's is reduced to minimize a real valued function of two variables and does not require any information about derivatives. In fact, our strategy requires only evaluations of the objective function to search global minimizers of the optimization problem. Firstly, numerical experiments were performed to find the QNM's of a massless scalar field propagating in intermediate and large Sch-AdS$_4$ black holes. The performance of this optimization algorithm was compared with other numerical methods used in previous works. Our results showed to be in good agreement with those obtained previously. Finally, the massive scalar field case and its QNM's were also obtained and discussed.

Rodrigo S. Lima; Alan B. Pavan

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

226

Direct optimization of the atomic-orbital density matrix using the conjugate-gradient method with a multilevel preconditioner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct optimization of the atomic-orbital density matrix using the conjugate-gradient method. The optimization of the density matrix is carried out by the conjugate-gradient method with a multilevel-functional methods that are able to treat large systems such as proteins and other mol- ecules of biological interest

Helgaker, Trygve

227

Concurrent Aerodynamic Optimization of Rotor Blades Using a Nash Game Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concurrent Aerodynamic Optimization of Rotor Blades Using a Nash Game Method Enric Roca Le´on Ph Aerodynamics Leader, Airbus Helicopter, Marignane, France Michel Costes Research Engineer, ONERA, Meudon OF THE AMERICAN HELICOPTER SOCIETY Abstract A multi-objective strategy adapted to the aerodynamic concurrent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

228

Optimized Waveform Relaxation Methods for the Longitudinal Partitioning of Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimized Waveform Relaxation Methods for the Longitudinal Partitioning of Transmission Lines convergence. Here we consider transmission line circuits since they represent an important part of a Spice type circuit solver. For transmission lines, the coupling between different lines is relatively weak

Gander, Martin J.

229

Optimal drive of electric vehicles using an inversion-based trajectory generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, radar ranging devices, GPS, inertial measurement units (IMU), navigation and cartographic systems is the one of energy management by means of high-level vehicle driving optimization. This is true

230

SOLVING GENERATION EXPANSION PLANNING PROBLEMS WITH ENVIRONMENTAL CONSTRAINTS BY A BUNDLE METHOD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the construction of new power plants, while ensuring economic and reliable supply to the future electricity demandSOLVING GENERATION EXPANSION PLANNING PROBLEMS WITH ENVIRONMENTAL CONSTRAINTS BY A BUNDLE METHOD discuss the energy generation expansion planning with environmental constraints, formulated as a nonsmooth

Solodov, Mikhail V.

231

Improved method for calculating the radiation heat generation in the BOR-60 reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of theoretical and experimental studies aimed at determining the radiation heat generation in the BOR-60 reactor reveal the drawbacks of the computational methods used at present. An algorithm that is free from these drawbacks and allows one to determine the radiation heat generation computationally is proposed.

Varivtsev, A. V., E-mail: vav3@niiar.ru; Zhemkov, I. Yu. [JSC “SSC RIAR,” Dimitrovgrad-10 (Russian Federation)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Method for generating a highly reactive plasma for exhaust gas aftertreatment and enhanced catalyst reactivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for non-thermal plasma aftertreatment of exhaust gases the method comprising the steps of providing short risetime (about 40 ps), high frequency (about 5G hz), high power bursts of low-duty factor microwaves sufficient to generate a dielectric barrier discharge and passing a gas to treated through the discharge so as to cause dissociative reduction of the exhaust gases. The invention also includes a reactor for generating the non-thermal plasma.

Whealton, John H. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hanson, Gregory R. (Clinton, TN); Storey, John M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Raridon, Richard J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Armfield, Jeffrey S. (Upsilanti, MI); Bigelow, Timothy S. (Knoxville, TN); Graves, Ronald L. (Knoxville, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

A Conformal Mapping Grid Generation Method for Modeling High-Fidelity Aeroelastic Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A CONFORMAL MAPPING GRID GENERATION METHOD FOR MODELING HIGH-FIDELITY AEROELASTIC SIMULATIONS A Thesis by GREGORY DORWAY WORLEY Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2010 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering A CONFORMAL MAPPING GRID GENERATION METHOD FOR MODELING HIGH-FIDELITY AEROELASTIC SIMULATIONS A Thesis by GREGORY DORWAY WORLEY Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

Worley, Gregory

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

234

The Optimal Power Tracking Control Strategy of Grid-Connected Excited Synchronous Wind Power Generator.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis, the wind power system is a coaxial coupling structure between servo motor and excited synchronous wind power generator. By using the excited… (more)

Cheng, Wen-kai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Optimal selection of on-site generation with combined heat and power applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling with Combined Heat and Power Applications. LBNL-Tax on Microgrid Combined Heat and Power Adoption. JournalGeneration with Combined Heat and Power Applications Afzal

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Bailey, Owen; Hamachi LaCommare, Kristina

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

OPTIMAL OPERATION OF AN INTEGRATED ENERGY PARK INCLUDING FOSSIL FUEL POWER GENERATION,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

combustion turbine, and wind generation. Energy park com- ponents are modeled using energy and mass balances with daily electricity price variability and mean wind generation. Taken in total, this study quantifies components to maximize operating profit given fuel prices, hourly electricity price, and hourly wind

Stanford University

237

Optimized Generation of Data-Path from C Codes for FPGAs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FPGAs, as computing devices, offer significant speedup over microprocessors. Furthermore, their configurability offers an advantage over traditional ASICs. However, they do not yet enjoy high-level language programmability, as microprocessors do. This has become the main obstacle for their wider acceptance by application designers. ROCCC is a compiler designed to generate circuits from C source code to execute on FPGAs, more specifically on CSoCs. It generates RTL level HDLs from frequently executing kernels in an application. In this paper, we describe ROCCC's system overview and focus on its data path generation. We compare the performance of ROCCC-generated VHDL code with that of Xilinx IPs. The synthesis result shows that ROCCC-generated circuit takes around 2x ~ 3x area and runs at comparable clock rate.

Guo, Zhi; Najjar, Walid; Vissers, Kees

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Preliminary verification of online optimization of the luminosity of BEPCII by using the robust conjugate direction search method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The robust conjugate direction search (RCDS) method has high tolerance to noise in beam experiments, and it is an efficient experimental technique for online optimization with multi-dimensional variables. In our study, this method is applied on BEPC-II, an electron-position collider, to optimize the luminosity, which can be considered as a multivariable function. Several variables are considered, including horizontal displacement, horizontal angular deviation, vertical displacement and vertical angular deviation at the interaction point. To verify the feasibility and practicability of the online optimization at the collider, the objective function, optimization time and experimental applications require careful consideration. Results from numerical simulation and online optimization experiments with RCDS are presented. The effectiveness of this method in online optimization at a collider is preliminarily verified.

Ji, Hong-Fei; Wang, Sheng; Ji, Da-Heng; Yu, Cheng-Hui; Zhang, Yuan; Huang, Xiao-Biao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Contacts to WTE operators in Austria using the Balance-Method to label the electricity generated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Balance-Method is based on the mathemati- cal solution of theoretical balance equations (material,...). In particular the following balance equations are used: - Mass balance; - Ash-balance; - Carbon-balanceContacts to WTE operators in Austria using the Balance-Method to label the electricity generated

Szmolyan, Peter

240

Generator-Absorber heat exchange transfer apparatus and method using an intermediate liquor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Numerous embodiments and related methods for generator-absorber heat exchange (GAX) are disclosed, particularly for absorption heat pump systems. Such embodiments and related methods use the working solution of the absorption system for the heat transfer medium where the working solution has an intermediate liquor concentration.

Phillips, Benjamin A. (Benton Harbor, MI); Zawacki, Thomas S. (St. Joseph, MI)

1996-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Method for generating high-energy and high repetition rate laser pulses from CW amplifiers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for obtaining high-energy, high repetition rate laser pulses simultaneously using continuous wave (CW) amplifiers is described. The method provides for generating micro-joule level energy in pico-second laser pulses at Mega-hertz repetition rates.

Zhang, Shukui

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

242

Evaluation Of Methods To Measure Hydrogen Generation Rate In A Shielded Cell Environment And A Method Recommendation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to describe the current state of the art for determination of hydrogen generation rates of radioactive slurries and solutions to provide a basis for design, fabrication, testing, and implementation of a measurement method for Hydrogen Generation Rate (HGR) during qualification of waste feeds for the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The HGR measurement will be performed on samples of the Low Activity Waste (LAW) and High Level Waste (HLW) staged waste feeds for the WTP as well as on samples from selected unit operations testing during the qualification program. SRNL has performed a review of techniques utilized to measure HGR of high level radioactive waste slurries, evaluated the Hanford 222-S Laboratory method for measurement of hydrogen, and reviewed the hydrogen generation rate models for Hanford waste.Based on the literature review, method evaluation, and SRNL experience with measuring hydrogen generation rate, SRNL recommends that a continuous flow system with online gas analysis be used as the HGR measurement method during waste qualification.

Stone, M. E.

2012-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

243

Optimization of accelerator parameters using normal form methods on high-order transfer maps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods of analysis of the dynamics of ensembles of charged particles in collider rings are developed. The following problems are posed and solved using normal form transformations and other methods of perturbative nonlinear dynamics: (1) Optimization of the Tevatron dynamics: (a) Skew quadrupole correction of the dynamics of particles in the Tevatron in the presence of the systematic skew quadrupole errors in dipoles; (b) Calculation of the nonlinear tune shift with amplitude based on the results of measurements and the linear lattice information; (2) Optimization of the Muon Collider storage ring: (a) Computation and optimization of the dynamic aperture of the Muon Collider 50 x 50 GeV storage ring using higher order correctors; (b) 750 x 750 GeV Muon Collider storage ring lattice design matching the Tevatron footprint. The normal form coordinates have a very important advantage over the particle optical coordinates: if the transformation can be carried out successfully (general restrictions for that are not much stronger than the typical restrictions imposed on the behavior of the particles in the accelerator) then the motion in the new coordinates has a very clean representation allowing to extract more information about the dynamics of particles, and they are very convenient for the purposes of visualization. All the problem formulations include the derivation of the objective functions, which are later used in the optimization process using various optimization algorithms. Algorithms used to solve the problems are specific to collider rings, and applicable to similar problems arising on other machines of the same type. The details of the long-term behavior of the systems are studied to ensure the their stability for the desired number of turns. The algorithm of the normal form transformation is of great value for such problems as it gives much extra information about the disturbing factors. In addition to the fact that the dynamics of particles is represented in a way that is easy to understand, such important characteristics as the strengths of the resonances and the tune shifts with amplitude and various parameters of the system are calculated. Each major section is supplied with the results of applying various numerical optimization methods to the problems stated. The emphasis is made on the efficiency comparison of various approaches and methods. The main simulation tool is the arbitrary order code COSY INFINITY written by M. Berz, K. Makino, et al. at Michigan State University. Also, the code MAD is utilized to design the 750 x 750 GeV Muon Collider storage ring baseline lattice.

Snopok, Pavel; /Michigan State U.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Tensor product methods and entanglement optimization for ab initio quantum chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The treatment of high-dimensional problems such as the Schr\\"odinger equation can be approached by concepts of tensor product approximation. We present general techniques that can be used for the treatment of high-dimensional optimization tasks and time-dependent equations, and connect them to concepts already used in many-body quantum physics. Based on achievements from the past decade, entanglement-based methods, -- developed from different perspectives for different purposes in distinct communities already matured to provide a variety of tools -- can be combined to attack highly challenging problems in quantum chemistry. The aim of the present paper is to give a pedagogical introduction to the theoretical background of this novel field and demonstrate the underlying benefits through numerical applications on a text book example. Among the various optimization tasks we will discuss only those which are connected to a controlled manipulation of the entanglement which is in fact the key ingredient of the methods considered in the paper. The selected topics will be covered according to a series of lectures given on the topic "New wavefunction methods and entanglement optimizations in quantum chemistry" at the Workshop on Theoretical Chemistry, 18 - 21 February 2014, Mariapfarr, Austria.

Szilárd Szalay; Max Pfeffer; Valentin Murg; Gergely Barcza; Frank Verstraete; Reinhold Schneider; Örs Legeza

2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

245

Device and method for generating a beam of acoustic energy from a borehole, and applications thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In some aspects of the invention, a method of generating a beam of acoustic energy in a borehole is disclosed. The method includes generating a first acoustic wave at a first frequency; generating a second acoustic wave at a second frequency different than the first frequency, wherein the first acoustic wave and second acoustic wave are generated by at least one transducer carried by a tool located within the borehole; transmitting the first and the second acoustic waves into an acoustically non-linear medium, wherein the composition of the non-linear medium produces a collimated beam by a non-linear mixing of the first and second acoustic waves, wherein the collimated beam has a frequency based upon a difference between the first frequency and the second frequency; and transmitting the collimated beam through a diverging acoustic lens to compensate for a refractive effect caused by the curvature of the borehole.

Vu, Cung Khac; Sinha, Dipen N; Pantea, Cristian; Nihei, Kurt T; Schmitt, Denis P; Skelt, Christopher

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Electrode assemblies, plasma apparatuses and systems including electrode assemblies, and methods for generating plasma  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrode assemblies for plasma reactors include a structure or device for constraining an arc endpoint to a selected area or region on an electrode. In some embodiments, the structure or device may comprise one or more insulating members covering a portion of an electrode. In additional embodiments, the structure or device may provide a magnetic field configured to control a location of an arc endpoint on the electrode. Plasma generating modules, apparatus, and systems include such electrode assemblies. Methods for generating a plasma include covering at least a portion of a surface of an electrode with an electrically insulating member to constrain a location of an arc endpoint on the electrode. Additional methods for generating a plasma include generating a magnetic field to constrain a location of an arc endpoint on an electrode.

Kong, Peter C; Grandy, Jon D; Detering, Brent A; Zuck, Larry D

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

247

Computational method and system for modeling, analyzing, and optimizing DNA amplification and synthesis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A computational method and computer-based system of modeling DNA synthesis for the design and interpretation of PCR amplification, parallel DNA synthesis, and microarray chip analysis. The method and system include modules that address the bioinformatics, kinetics, and thermodynamics of DNA amplification and synthesis. Specifically, the steps of DNA selection, as well as the kinetics and thermodynamics of DNA hybridization and extensions, are addressed, which enable the optimization of the processing and the prediction of the products as a function of DNA sequence, mixing protocol, time, temperature and concentration of species.

Vandersall, Jennifer A.; Gardner, Shea N.; Clague, David S.

2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

248

Fusion rules and the Patera-Sharp generating-function method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review some contributions on fusion rules that were inspired by the work of Sharp, in particular, the generating-function method for tensor-product coefficients that he developed with Patera. We also review the Kac-Walton formula, the concepts of threshold level, fusion elementary couplings, fusion generating functions and fusion bases. We try to keep the presentation elementary and exemplify each concept with the simple $\\su(2)_k$ case.

L. Begin; C. Cummins; P. Mathieu; M. A. Walton

2002-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

249

Appeared in Proceedings of First International ACM/IEEE Symposium on Code Generation and Optimization, 2003 Optimizing Memory Accesses For Spatial Computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

many efficient and powerful optimizations it cannot be easily applied in the presence of pointers and Optimization, 2003 Optimizing Memory Accesses For Spatial Computation Mihai Budiu and Seth C. Goldstein present the internal representation and optimizations used by the CASH compiler for improving the memory

Budiu, Mihai

250

Communication systems, transceivers, and methods for generating data based on channel characteristics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Examples of methods for generating data based on a communications channel are described. In one such example, a processing unit may generate a first vector representation based in part on at least two characteristics of a communications channel. A constellation having at least two dimensions may be addressed with the first vector representation to identify a first symbol associated with the first vector representation. The constellation represents a plurality of regions, each region associated with a respective symbol. The symbol may be used to generate data, which may stored in an electronic storage medium and used as a cryptographic key or a spreading code or hopping sequence in a modulation technique.

Forman, Michael A; Young, Derek

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

251

Abstract--A bi-objective optimization model of power and power changes generated by a wind turbine is discussed in this  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operating a variable-speed wind turbine with pitch control to maximize power while minimizing the loads prediction, power ramp rate, data mining, wind turbine operation strategy, generator torque, blade pitch1 Abstract--A bi-objective optimization model of power and power changes generated by a wind

Kusiak, Andrew

252

Optimal sizing study of hybrid wind/PV/diesel power generation unit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a methodology of sizing optimization of a stand-alone hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system is presented. This approach makes use of a deterministic algorithm to suggest, among a list of commercially available system devices, the optimal number and type of units ensuring that the total cost of the system is minimized while guaranteeing the availability of the energy. The collection of 6 months of data of wind speed, solar radiation and ambient temperature recorded for every hour of the day were used. The mathematical modeling of the main elements of the hybrid wind/PV/diesel system is exposed showing the more relevant sizing variables. A deterministic algorithm is used to minimize the total cost of the system while guaranteeing the satisfaction of the load demand. A comparison between the total cost of the hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system with batteries and the hybrid wind/PV/diesel energy system without batteries is presented. The reached results demonstrate the practical utility of the used sizing methodology and show the influence of the battery storage on the total cost of the hybrid system. (author)

Belfkira, Rachid; Zhang, Lu; Barakat, Georges [Groupe de Recherche en Electrotechnique et Automatique du Havre, University of Le Havre, 25 rue Philippe Lebon, BP 1123, 76063 Le Havre (France)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINING SUPPRESSOR CONCENTRATION IN THE MCU NEXT GENERATION SOLVENT (NGS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was tasked with identifying and developing at least one, but preferably two methods for quantifying the suppressor in the Next Generation Solvent (NGS) system. The suppressor is a guanidine derivative, N,N',N"-tris(3,7-dimethyloctyl)guanidine (TiDG). A list of 10 possible methods was generated, and screening experiments were performed for 8 of the 10 methods. After completion of the screening experiments, the non-aqueous acid-base titration was determined to be the most promising, and was selected for further development as the primary method. {sup 1}H NMR also showed promising results from the screening experiments, and this method was selected for further development as the secondary method. Other methods, including {sup 36}Cl radiocounting and ion chromatography, also showed promise; however, due to the similarity to the primary method (titration) and the inability to differentiate between TiDG and TOA (tri-n-ocytlamine) in the blended solvent, {sup 1}H NMR was selected over these methods. Analysis of radioactive samples obtained from real waste ESS (extraction, scrub, strip) testing using the titration method showed good results. Based on these results, the titration method was selected as the method of choice for TiDG measurement. {sup 1}H NMR has been selected as the secondary (back-up) method, and additional work is planned to further develop this method and to verify the method using radioactive samples. Procedures for analyzing radioactive samples of both pure NGS and blended solvent were developed and issued for the both methods.

Taylor-Pashow, K.; Fondeur, F.; White, T.; Diprete, D.; Milliken, C.

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

254

Liquid chromatographic method for determination of water in soils and the optimization of anion separations by capillary zone electrophoresis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A liquid chromatographic method for the determination of water in soil or clay samples is presented. In a separate study, the optimization of electrophoretic separation of alkylated phenolate ions was optimized by varying the pH and acetonitrile concentration of the buffer solutions.

Benz, N.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Method and apparatus for generating radiation utilizing DC to AC conversion with a conductive front  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method and apparatus for generating radiation of high power, variable duration and broad tunability over several orders of magnitude from a laser-ionized gas-filled capacitor array. The method and apparatus convert a DC electric field pattern into a coherent electromagnetic wave train when a relativistic ionization front passes between the capacitor plates. The frequency and duration of the radiation is controlled by the gas pressure and capacitor spacing.

Dawson, John M. (Pacific Palisades, CA); Mori, Warren B. (Hermosa Beach, CA); Lai, Chih-Hsiang (So. Pasadena, CA); Katsouleas, Thomas C. (Malibu, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Method and apparatus for generating radiation utilizing DC to AC conversion with a conductive front  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method and apparatus ar disclosed for generating radiation of high power, variable duration and broad tunability over several orders of magnitude from a laser-ionized gas-filled capacitor array. The method and apparatus convert a DC electric field pattern into a coherent electromagnetic wave train when a relativistic ionization front passes between the capacitor plates. The frequency and duration of the radiation is controlled by the gas pressure and capacitor spacing. 4 figs.

Dawson, J.M.; Mori, W.B.; Lai, C.H.; Katsouleas, T.C.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

257

Revised methods for few-group cross sections generation in the Serpent Monte Carlo code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents new calculation methods, recently implemented in the Serpent Monte Carlo code, and related to the production of homogenized few-group constants for deterministic 3D core analysis. The new methods fall under three topics: 1) Improved treatment of neutron-multiplying scattering reactions, 2) Group constant generation in reflectors and other non-fissile regions and 3) Homogenization in leakage-corrected criticality spectrum. The methodology is demonstrated by a numerical example, comparing a deterministic nodal diffusion calculation using Serpent-generated cross sections to a reference full-core Monte Carlo simulation. It is concluded that the new methodology improves the results of the deterministic calculation, and paves the way for Monte Carlo based group constant generation. (authors)

Fridman, E. [Reactor Safety Div., Helmholz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, POB 51 01 19, Dresden, 01314 (Germany); Leppaenen, J. [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, POB 1000, FI-02044 VTT (Finland)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Concurrent Optimization of Consumer's Electrical Energy Bill and Producer's Power Generation Cost under a Dynamic Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

grid technologies. This is a particularly interesting problem with the use of dynamic energy pricing method to solve this problem is dynamic energy pricing [2]-[10]. Dynamic changes in energy prices provide the customers' peak-hour demands. So, dynamic energy pricing can benefit both the consumer and the producer

Pedram, Massoud

259

Discretization error estimation and exact solution generation using the method of nearby problems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Method of Nearby Problems (MNP), a form of defect correction, is examined as a method for generating exact solutions to partial differential equations and as a discretization error estimator. For generating exact solutions, four-dimensional spline fitting procedures were developed and implemented into a MATLAB code for generating spline fits on structured domains with arbitrary levels of continuity between spline zones. For discretization error estimation, MNP/defect correction only requires a single additional numerical solution on the same grid (as compared to Richardson extrapolation which requires additional numerical solutions on systematically-refined grids). When used for error estimation, it was found that continuity between spline zones was not required. A number of cases were examined including 1D and 2D Burgers equation, the 2D compressible Euler equations, and the 2D incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The discretization error estimation results compared favorably to Richardson extrapolation and had the advantage of only requiring a single grid to be generated.

Sinclair, Andrew J. (Auburn University Auburn, AL); Raju, Anil (Auburn University Auburn, AL); Kurzen, Matthew J. (Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA); Roy, Christopher John (Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA); Phillips, Tyrone S. (Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Device and method for generating a beam of acoustic energy from a borehole, and applications thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In some aspects of the invention, a method of generating a beam of acoustic energy in a borehole is disclosed. The method includes generating a first broad-band acoustic pulse at a first broad-band frequency range having a first central frequency and a first bandwidth spread; generating a second broad-band acoustic pulse at a second broad-band frequency range different than the first frequency range having a second central frequency and a second bandwidth spread, wherein the first acoustic pulse and second acoustic pulse are generated by at least one transducer arranged on a tool located within the borehole; and transmitting the first and the second broad-band acoustic pulses into an acoustically non-linear medium, wherein the composition of the non-linear medium produces a collimated pulse by a non-linear mixing of the first and second acoustic pulses, wherein the collimated pulse has a frequency equal to the difference in frequencies between the first central frequency and the second central frequency and a bandwidth spread equal to the sum of the first bandwidth spread and the second bandwidth spread.

Vu, Cung Khac; Sinha, Dipen N; Pantea, Cristian; Nihei, Kurt T; Schmitt, Denis P; Skelt, Christopher

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Generator-absorber-heat exchange heat transfer apparatus and method and use thereof in a heat pump  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Numerous embodiments and related methods for generator-absorber heat exchange (GAX) are disclosed, particularly for absorption heat pump systems. Such embodiments and related methods use the working solution of the absorption system for the heat transfer medium.

Phillips, Benjamin A. (Benton Harbor, MI); Zawacki, Thomas S. (St. Joseph, MI); Marsala, Joseph (Glen Ellyn, IL)

1994-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

262

Concentration solar power optimization system and method of using the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for optimizing at least one mirror of at least one CSP system is provided. The system has a screen for displaying light patterns for reflection by the mirror, a camera for receiving a reflection of the light patterns from the mirror, and a solar characterization tool. The solar characterization tool has a characterizing unit for determining at least one mirror parameter of the mirror based on an initial position of the camera and the screen, and a refinement unit for refining the determined parameter(s) based on an adjusted position of the camera and screen whereby the mirror is characterized. The system may also be provided with a solar alignment tool for comparing at least one mirror parameter of the mirror to a design geometry whereby an alignment error is defined, and at least one alignment unit for adjusting the mirror to reduce the alignment error.

Andraka, Charles E

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

263

Method for optimizing output in ultrashort-pulse multipass laser amplifiers with selective use of a spectral filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for optimizing multipass laser amplifier output utilizes a spectral filter in early passes but not in later passes. The pulses shift position slightly for each pass through the amplifier, and the filter is placed such that early passes intersect the filter while later passes bypass it. The filter position may be adjust offline in order to adjust the number of passes in each category. The filter may be optimized for use in a cryogenic amplifier.

Backus, Sterling J. (Erie, CO); Kapteyn, Henry C. (Boulder, CO)

2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

264

Method and apparatus for steam mixing a nuclear fueled electricity generation system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for improving the efficiency and performance of a nuclear electrical generation system that comprises the addition of steam handling equipment to an existing plant that results in a surprising increase in plant performance. More particularly, a gas turbine electrical generation system with heat recovery boiler is installed along with a micro-jet high pressure and a low pressure mixer superheater. Depending upon plant characteristics, the existing moisture separator reheater (MSR) can be either augmented or done away with. The instant invention enables a reduction in T.sub.hot without a derating of the reactor unit, and improves efficiency of the plant's electrical conversion cycle. Coupled with this advantage is a possible extension of the plant's fuel cycle length due to an increased electrical conversion efficiency. The reduction in T.sub.hot further allows for a surprising extension of steam generator life. An additional advantage is the reduction in erosion/corrosion of secondary system components including turbine blades and diaphragms. The gas turbine generator used in the instant invention can also replace or augment existing peak or emergency power needs. Another benefit of the instant invention is the extension of plant life and the reduction of downtime due to refueling.

Tsiklauri, Georgi V. (Richland, WA); Durst, Bruce M. (Kennewick, WA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Method and apparatus for improving the performance of a nuclear power electrical generation system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for improving the efficiency and performance a of nuclear electrical generation system that comprises the addition of steam handling equipment to an existing plant that results in a surprising increase in plant performance. More particularly, a gas turbine electrical generation system with heat recovery boiler is installed along with a high pressure and a low pressure mixer superheater. Depending upon plant characteristics, the existing moisture separator reheater (MSR) can be either augmented or done away with. The instant invention enables a reduction in T.sub.hot without a derating of the reactor unit, and improves efficiency of the plant's electrical conversion cycle. Coupled with this advantage is a possible extension of the plant's fuel cycle length due to an increased electrical conversion efficiency. The reduction in T.sub.hot further allows for a surprising extension of steam generator life. An additional advantage is the reduction in erosion/corrosion of secondary system components including turbine blades and diaphragms. The gas turbine generator used in the instant invention can also replace or augment existing peak or emergency power needs.

Tsiklauri, Georgi V. (Richland, WA); Durst, Bruce M. (Kennewick, WA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

CONTINUOUS GRASP WITH A LOCAL ACTIVE-SET METHOD FOR BOUND-CONSTRAINED GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. BIRGIN, ERICO M. GOZZI, MAURICIO G.C. RESENDE, AND RICARDO M. A. SILVA Abstract. Global optimization

Resende, Mauricio G. C.

267

Generator-absorber-heat exchange heat transfer apparatus and method and use thereof in a heat pump  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Numerous embodiments and related methods for generator-absorber heat exchange (GAX) are disclosed, particularly for absorption heat pump systems. Such embodiments and related methods use, as the heat transfer medium, the working fluid of the absorption system taken from the generator at a location where the working fluid has a rich liquor concentration. 5 figs.

Phillips, B.A.; Zawacki, T.S.

1998-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

268

Generator-absorber-heat exchange heat transfer apparatus and method and use thereof in a heat pump  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Numerous embodiments and related methods for generator-absorber heat exchange (GAX) are disclosed, particularly for absorption heat pump systems. Such embodiments and related methods use, as the heat transfer medium, the working fluid of the absorption system taken from the generator at a location where the working fluid has a rich liquor concentration.

Phillips, Benjamin A. (Benton Harbor, MI); Zawacki, Thomas S. (St. Joseph, MI)

1998-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

269

The null space method for selecting optimal measurement combinations as controlled  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is used to obtain temperature combinations for control of a Petlyuk distillation column. Keywords: Process control, Control structure selection, Optimizing control, Un- certainty, Temperature control distillation when using advanced control (e.g. MPC) or real-time optimization (RTO). This paper focuses Optimizer

Skogestad, Sigurd

270

[SIAM conference on optimization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstracts are presented of 63 papers on the following topics: large-scale optimization, interior-point methods, algorithms for optimization, problems in control, network optimization methods, and parallel algorithms for optimization problems.

Not Available

1992-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

271

The Adjoint Method for The Optimization of Brachytherapy and Radiotherapy Patient Treatment Planning Procedures Using Monte Carlo Calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to investigate the use of the adjoint method, commonly used in the reactor physics community, for the optimization of radiation therapy patient treatment plans. Two different types of radiation therapy are being examined, interstitial brachytherapy and radiotherapy. In brachytherapy radioactive sources are surgically implanted within the diseased organ such as the prostate to treat the cancerous tissue. With radiotherapy, the x-ray source is usually located at a distance of about 1-metere from the patient and focused on the treatment area. For brachytherapy the optimization phase of the treatment plan consists of determining the optimal placement of the radioactive sources, which delivers the prescribed dose to the disease tissue while simultaneously sparing (reducing) the dose to sensitive tissue and organs. For external beam radiation therapy the optimization phase of the treatment plan consists of determining the optimal direction and intensity of beam, which provides complete coverage of the tumor region with the prescribed dose while simultaneously avoiding sensitive tissue areas. For both therapy methods, the optimal treatment plan is one in which the diseased tissue has been treated with the prescribed dose and dose to the sensitive tissue and organs has been kept to a minimum.

D.L. Henderson; S. Yoo; M. Kowalok; T.R. Mackie; B.R. Thomadsen

2001-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

272

Magnetic filter apparatus and method for generating cold plasma in semiconductor processing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed herein is a system and method for providing a plasma flood having a low electron temperature to a semiconductor target region during an ion implantation process. The plasma generator providing the plasma is coupled to a magnetic filter which allows ions and low energy electrons to pass therethrough while retaining captive the primary or high energy electrons. The ions and low energy electrons form a ``cold plasma`` which is diffused in the region of the process surface while the ion implantation process takes place. 15 figs.

Vella, M.C.

1996-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

273

Magnetic filter apparatus and method for generating cold plasma in semicoductor processing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed herein is a system and method for providing a plasma flood having a low electron temperature to a semiconductor target region during an ion implantation process. The plasma generator providing the plasma is coupled to a magnetic filter which allows ions and low energy electrons to pass therethrough while retaining captive the primary or high energy electrons. The ions and low energy electrons form a "cold plasma" which is diffused in the region of the process surface while the ion implantation process takes place.

Vella, Michael C. (San Leandro, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Optimization and geophysical inverse problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Unconstrained Optimization and Nonlinear Equations,equality constrained optimization, SIAM J. Optim. , 7, 28.R. , Practical Methods of Optimization, Wiley, New York, 436

Barhen, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Optimization Online - All Areas Submissions - March 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... a semidefinite programming solver based on CSDP on a distributed memory cluster ... Tractable Robust Expected Utility and Risk Models for Portfolio Optimization ... Epi-convergent Scenario Generation Method for Stochastic Problems via ...

276

System and method for generating a deselect mapping for a focal plane array  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for generating a deselect mapping for a focal plane array according to one embodiment includes gathering a data set for a focal plane array when exposed to light or radiation from a first known target; analyzing the data set for determining which pixels or subpixels of the focal plane array to add to a deselect mapping; adding the pixels or subpixels to the deselect mapping based on the analysis; and storing the deselect mapping. A method for gathering data using a focal plane array according to another embodiment includes deselecting pixels or subpixels based on a deselect mapping; gathering a data set using pixels or subpixels in a focal plane array that are not deselected upon exposure thereof to light or radiation from a target of interest; and outputting the data set.

Bixler, Jay V; Brandt, Timothy G; Conger, James L; Lawson, Janice K

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

277

Method of controlling temperature of a thermoelectric generator in an exhaust system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of controlling the temperature of a thermoelectric generator (TEG) in an exhaust system of an engine is provided. The method includes determining the temperature of the heated side of the TEG, determining exhaust gas flow rate through the TEG, and determining the exhaust gas temperature through the TEG. A rate of change in temperature of the heated side of the TEG is predicted based on the determined temperature, the determined exhaust gas flow rate, and the determined exhaust gas temperature through the TEG. Using the predicted rate of change of temperature of the heated side, exhaust gas flow rate through the TEG is calculated that will result in a maximum temperature of the heated side of the TEG less than a predetermined critical temperature given the predicted rate of change in temperature of the heated side of the TEG. A corresponding apparatus is provided.

Prior, Gregory P; Reynolds, Michael G; Cowgill, Joshua D

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

278

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Methods Research and Development Technical Program Plan -- PLN-2498  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the great challenges of designing and licensing the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) is to confirm that the intended VHTR analysis tools can be used confidently to make decisions and to assure all that the reactor systems are safe and meet the performance objectives of the Generation IV Program. The research and development (R&D) projects defined in the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Design Methods Development and Validation Program will ensure that the tools used to perform the required calculations and analyses can be trusted. The Methods R&D tasks are designed to ensure that the calculational envelope of the tools used to analyze the VHTR reactor systems encompasses, or is larger than, the operational and transient envelope of the VHTR itself. The Methods R&D focuses on the development of tools to assess the neutronic and thermal fluid behavior of the plant. The fuel behavior and fission product transport models are discussed in the Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) program plan. Various stress analysis and mechanical design tools will also need to be developed and validated and will ultimately also be included in the Methods R&D Program Plan. The calculational envelope of the neutronics and thermal-fluids software tools intended to be used on the NGNP is defined by the scenarios and phenomena that these tools can calculate with confidence. The software tools can only be used confidently when the results they produce have been shown to be in reasonable agreement with first-principle results, thought-problems, and data that describe the “highly ranked” phenomena inherent in all operational conditions and important accident scenarios for the VHTR.

Richard R. Schultz; Abderrafi M. Ougouag; David W. Nigg; Hans D. Gougar; Richard W. Johnson; William K. Terry; Chang H. Oh; Donald W. McEligot; Gary W. Johnsen; Glenn E. McCreery; Woo Y. Yoon; James W. Sterbentz; J. Steve Herring; Temitope A. Taiwo; Thomas Y. C. Wei; William D. Pointer; Won S. Yang; Michael T. Farmer; Hussein S. Khalil; Madeline A. Feltus

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Optimization Online - Certificates of Optimality and Sensitivity ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 9, 2014 ... Certificates of Optimality and Sensitivity Analysis using Generalized Subadditive Generator Functions: A test study on Knapsack Problems.

Babak Moazzez

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

280

A New Coarsening Operator for the Optimal Preconditioning of the Dual and Primal Domain Decomposition Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatiales Universit'e de Li`ege Rue Ernest Solvay, 21, B­4000 Li`ege, Belgium Abstract We present an optimal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Domain Decomposition Methods in Optimal Flow Control for High Performance Computing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis is concerned with linear and non-linear optimal flow control problems which are modeled by systems of partial differential equations. The numerical treatment of… (more)

Ketelaer, Eva

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Abstract--This paper proposes an optimization based method of planning reactive power control for electric transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract--This paper proposes an optimization based method of planning reactive power control for electric transmission systems to endow them with the capability of being reconfigured to a secure planning, reactive power control, reconfiguration, voltage stability. I. INTRODUCTION PPROPRIATE long

Kumar, Ratnesh

283

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 474 (2001) 273284 Optimal coded aperture patterns for improved SNR in nuclear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 474 (2001) 273­284 Optimal coded aperture patterns for improved SNR in nuclear medicine imaging Roberto Accorsia , Francesca Gasparinib , Richard C. Lanzaa, * a Nuclear Engineering Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Room NW13-221, 77

Schettini, Raimondo

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

NEW METHOD AND SOFTWARE FOR MULTI-VARIABLE TECHNO-ECONOMIC DESIGN OPTIMIZATION OF CSP PLANTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for design optimization of solar thermal power plants. Thereby, optimization potential can be discovered to a 50 MWel parabolic trough power plant using thermal oil as heat transfer fluid (HTF), a molten salt, parabolic trough 1. Motivation (Introduction) Today, designs of solar thermal power plants are developed

Ábrahám, Erika

285

Regenerative Heater Optimization for Steam Turbo-Generation Cycles of Generation IV Nuclear Power Plants with a Comparison of Two Concepts for the Westinghouse International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intent of this study is to discuss some of the many factors involved in the development of the design and layout of a steam turbo-generation unit as part of a modular Generation IV nuclear power plant. Of the many factors involved in the design and layout, this research will cover feed water system layout and optimization issues. The research is arranged in hopes that it can be generalized to any Generation IV system which uses a steam powered turbo-generation unit. The research is done using the ORCENT-II heat balance codes and the Salisbury methodology to be reviewed herein. The Salisbury methodology is used on an original cycle design by Famiani for the Westinghouse IRIS and the effects due to parameter variation are studied. The vital parameters of the Salisbury methodology are the incremental heater surface capital cost (S) in $/ft{sup 2}, the value of incremental power (I) in $/kW, and the overall heat transfer coefficient (U) in Btu/ft{sup 2}-degrees Fahrenheit-hr. Each is varied in order to determine the effects on the cycles overall heat rate, output, as well as, the heater surface areas. The effects of each are shown. Then the methodology is then used to compare the optimized original Famiani design consisting of seven regenerative feedwater heaters with an optimized new cycle concept, INRC8, containing four regenerative heaters. The results are shown. It can be seen that a trade between the complexity of the seven stage regenerative Famiani cycle and the simplicity of the INRC8 cycle can be made. It is desired that this methodology can be used to show the ability to evaluate modularity through the value of size a complexity of the system as well as the performance. It also shows the effectiveness of the Salisbury methodology in the optimization of regenerative cycles for such an evaluation.

Williams, W.C.

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Relaying and Controls for Generator Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for optimizing generator performance. Additionally, methods of providing electrical protection and control for generators are discussed for small and large generator applications at low and medium voltages. Note: The views expressed in this paper do... this transfer. The following pages outline the options available for Federal Bureau ofPrisons Kansas City, Kansas generator selection and operation, the common relays used for generator protection and control, and the minimum recommended control...

Massey, G. W.

287

CCCG 2014, Halifax, Nova Scotia, August 1113, 2014 An improved method for generating triangle-mesh models of images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CCCG 2014, Halifax, Nova Scotia, August 11­13, 2014 An improved method for generating triangle of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada, {xiaom,mdadams}@ece.uvic.ca triangulated were chosen. Since

Adams, Michael D.

288

High temperature adhesive silicone foam composition, foam generating system and method of generating foam. [For access denial  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Access to a space is impeded by generation of a sticky foam from a silicone polymer and a low boiling solvent such as a halogenated hydrocarbon. In a preferred aspect, the formulation is polydimethylsiloxane gel mixed with F502 Freon as a solvent and blowing agent, and pressurized with CO/sub 2/ in a vessel to about 250 PSI, whereby when the vessel is opened, a sticky and solvent resistant foam is deployed. The foam is deployable, over a wide range of temperatures, adhering to wet surfaces as well as dry, is stable over long periods of time and does not propagate flame or lose adhesive properties during an externally supported burn.

Mead, J.W.; Montoya, O.J.; Rand, P.B.; Willan, V.O.

1983-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

289

Diophantine Generation,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diophantine Generation, Horizontal and Vertical Problems, and the Weak Vertical Method Alexandra Shlapentokh Diophantine Sets, Definitions and Generation Diophantine Sets Diophantine Generation Properties of Diophantine Generation Diophantine Family of Z Diophantine Family of a Polynomial Ring Going Down Horizontal

Shlapentokh, Alexandra

290

System and method for generating and/or screening potential metal-organic frameworks  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for systematically generating potential metal-organic framework (MOFs) structures given an input library of building blocks is provided herein. One or more material properties of the potential MOFs are evaluated using computational simulations. A range of material properties (surface area, pore volume, pore size distribution, powder x-ray diffraction pattern, methane adsorption capability, and the like) can be estimated, and in doing so, illuminate unidentified structure-property relationships that may only have been recognized by taking a global view of MOF structures. In addition to identifying structure-property relationships, this systematic approach to identify the MOFs of interest is used to identify one or more MOFs that may be useful for high pressure methane storage.

Wilmer, Christopher E; Leaf, Michael; Snurr, Randall Q; Farha, Omar K; Hupp, Joseph T

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

291

Variable cooling circuit for thermoelectric generator and engine and method of control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus is provided that includes an engine, an exhaust system, and a thermoelectric generator (TEG) operatively connected to the exhaust system and configured to allow exhaust gas flow therethrough. A first radiator is operatively connected to the engine. An openable and closable engine valve is configured to open to permit coolant to circulate through the engine and the first radiator when coolant temperature is greater than a predetermined minimum coolant temperature. A first and a second valve are controllable to route cooling fluid from the TEG to the engine through coolant passages under a first set of operating conditions to establish a first cooling circuit, and from the TEG to a second radiator through at least some other coolant passages under a second set of operating conditions to establish a second cooling circuit. A method of controlling a cooling circuit is also provided.

Prior, Gregory P

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

System and method for investigating sub-surface features of a rock formation with acoustic sources generating coded signals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and a method for investigating rock formations includes generating, by a first acoustic source, a first acoustic signal comprising a first plurality of pulses, each pulse including a first modulated signal at a central frequency; and generating, by a second acoustic source, a second acoustic signal comprising a second plurality of pulses. A receiver arranged within the borehole receives a detected signal including a signal being generated by a non-linear mixing process from the first-and-second acoustic signal in a non-linear mixing zone within the intersection volume. The method also includes-processing the received signal to extract the signal generated by the non-linear mixing process over noise or over signals generated by a linear interaction process, or both.

Vu, Cung Khac; Nihei, Kurt; Johnson, Paul A; Guyer, Robert; Ten Cate, James A; Le Bas, Pierre-Yves; Larmat, Carene S

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

293

Advanced Review Geometry optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Review Geometry optimization H. Bernhard Schlegel Geometry optimization is an important part of most quantum chemical calcu- lations. This article surveys methods for optimizing equilibrium geometries, lo- cating transition structures, and following reaction paths. The emphasis is on optimizations

Schlegel, H. Bernhard

294

Conceptual design and optimization of a 1-1/2 generation PFBC plant task 14. Topical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The economics and performance of advanced pressurized fluidized bed (PFBC) cycles developed for utility applications during the last 10 years (especially the 2nd-Generation PFBC cycle) are projected to be favorable compared to conventional pulverized coal power plants. However, the improved economics of 2nd-Generation PFBC cycles are accompanied by the perception of increased technological risk related to the pressurized carbonizer and its associated gas cleanup systems. A PFBC cycle that removed the uncertainties of the carbonizer while retaining the high efficiency and low cost of a 2nd-Generation PFBC cycle could improve the prospects for early commercialization and pave the way for the introduction of the complete 2nd-Generation PFBC cycle at some later date. One such arrangement is a PFBC cycle with natural gas topping combustion, referred to as the 1.5-Generation PFBC cycle. This cycle combines the advantages of the 2nd-Generation PFBC plant with the reduced risk associated with a gas turbine burning natural gas, and can potentially be part of a phased approach leading to the commercialization of utility 2nd-Generation PFBC cycles. The 1.5-Generation PFBC may also introduce other advantages over the more complicated 2nd-Generation PFBC system. This report describes the technical and economic evaluation of 1.5-Generation PFBC cycles for utility or industrial power generation.

White, J.S.; Witman, P.M.; Harbaugh, L.; Rubow, L.N.; Horazak, D.A.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

General method for simultaneous optimization of light trapping and carrier collection in an ultra-thin film organic photovoltaic cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a general method for maximizing the short-circuit current in thin planar organic photovoltaic (OPV) heterojunction cells by simultaneous optimization of light absorption and carrier collection. Based on the experimentally obtained complex refractive indices of the OPV materials and the thickness-dependence of the internal quantum efficiency of the OPV active layer, we analyze the potential benefits of light trapping strategies for maximizing the overall power conversion efficiency of the cell. This approach provides a general strategy for optimizing the power conversion efficiency of a wide range of OPV structures. In particular, as an experimental trial system, the approach is applied here to a ultra-thin film solar cell with a SubPc/C{sub 60} photovoltaic structure. Using a patterned indium tin oxide (ITO) top contact, the numerically optimized designs achieve short-circuit currents of 0.790 and 0.980?mA/cm{sup 2} for 30?nm and 45?nm SubPc/C{sub 60} heterojunction layer thicknesses, respectively. These values correspond to a power conversion efficiency enhancement of 78% for the 30?nm thick cell, but only of 32% for a 45?nm thick cell, for which the overall photocurrent is actually higher. Applied to other material systems, the general optimization method can elucidate if light trapping strategies can improve a given cell architecture.

Tsai, Cheng-Chia, E-mail: ct2443@columbia.edu; Grote, Richard R.; Beck, Jonathan H.; Kymissis, Ioannis [Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Osgood, Richard M. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Englund, Dirk [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

296

Optimized Energy Management for Large Organizations Utilizing an On-Site PHEV fleet, Storage Devices and Renewable Electricity Generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract This paper focuses on the daily electricity management problem for organizations with a large number of employees working within a relatively small geographic location. The organization manages its electric grid including limited on-site energy generation facilities, energy storage facilities, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) charging stations installed in the parking lots. A mixed integer linear program (MILP) is modeled and implemented to assist the organization in determining the temporal allocation of available resources that will minimize energy costs. We consider two cost compensation strategies for PHEV owners: (1) cost equivalent battery replacement reimbursement for utilizing vehicle to grid (V2G) services from PHEVs; (2) gasoline equivalent cost for undercharging of PHEV batteries. Our case study, based on the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) campus, produced encouraging results and substantiates the importance of controlled PHEV fleet charging as opposed to uncontrolled charging methods. We further established the importance of realizing V2G capabilities provided by PHEVs in terms of significantly reducing energy costs for the organization.

Dashora, Yogesh [University of Texas, Austin; Barnes, J. Wesley [University of Texas, Austin; Pillai, Rekha S [ORNL; Combs, Todd E [ORNL; Hilliard, Michael R [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Method for generating a mesh representation of a region characterized by a trunk and a branch thereon  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a meshing method, called grafting, that lifts the prior art constraint on abutting surfaces, including surfaces that are linking, source/target, or other types of surfaces of the trunk volume. The grafting method locally modifies the structured mesh of the linking surfaces allowing the mesh to conform to additional surface features. Thus, the grafting method can provide a transition between multiple sweep directions extending sweeping algorithms to 23/4-D solids. The method is also suitable for use with non-sweepable volumes; the method provides a transition between meshes generated by methods other than sweeping as well.

Shepherd, Jason (Albuquerque, NM); Mitchell, Scott A. (Albuquerque, NM); Jankovich, Steven R. (Anaheim, CA); Benzley, Steven E. (Provo, UT)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Testing the improved method for calculating the radiation heat generation at the periphery of the BOR-60 reactor core  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The application of the improved method for calculating the radiation heat generation in the elements of an experimental device located at the periphery of the BOR-60 reactor core results in a significant reduction in the discrepancies between the calculated and the experimental data. This allows us to conclude that the improved method has an advantage over the one used earlier.

Varivtsev, A. V., E-mail: vav3@niiar.ru; Zhemkov, I. Yu. [JSC “SSC RIAR,” Dimitrovgrad-10 (Russian Federation)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

299

Automatic Test Case Generation Using Multi-protocol Test Method Soo-in Lee, Yongbum Park, and Myungchul Kim  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Test Case Generation Using Multi-protocol Test Method Soo-in Lee, Yongbum Park, mckim}@icu.ac.kr Abstract - A method for testing multi-protocol implementation under test (IUT) with a single test suite has been proposed in the literature. It tests a multi-protocol IUT in an integrated way

Lee, Ben

300

Generator-absorber-heat exchange heat transfer apparatus and method and use thereof in a heat pump  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Numerous embodiments and related methods for generator-absorber heat exchange (GAX) are disclosed, particularly for absorption heat pump systems. Such embodiments and related methods use the working solution of the absorption system for the heat transfer medium. A combination of weak and rich liquor working solution is used as the heat transfer medium.

Phillips, Benjamin A. (Benton Harbor, MI); Zawacki, Thomas S. (St. Joseph, MI)

1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A comparison of taxonomy generation techniques using bibliometric methods : applied to research strategy formulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates the modeling of research landscapes through the automatic generation of hierarchical structures (taxonomies) comprised of terms related to a given research field. Several different taxonomy generation ...

Camiña, Steven L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

System and method to improve the power output and longetivity of a radioisotope thermoelectric generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By using the helium generated by the alpha emissions of a thermoelectric generator during space travel for cooling, the thermal degradation of the thermoelectric generator can be slowed. Slowing degradation allows missions to be longer with little additional expense or payload.

Mowery, Jr., Alfred L. (Potomac, MD)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

System and method to improve the power output and longevity of a radioisotope thermoelectric generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By using the helium generated by the alpha emissions of a thermoelectric generator during space travel for cooling, the thermal degradation of the thermoelectric generator can be slowed. Slowing degradation allows missions to be longer with little additional expense or payload. 1 figures.

Mowery, A.L. Jr.

1993-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

304

System and method to improve the power output and longetivity of a radioisotope thermoelectric generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By using the helium generated by the alpha emissions of a thermoelectric generator during space travel for cooling the thermal degradation of the thermoelectric generator can be slowed. Slowing degradation allows missions to be longer with little additional expense or payload.

Mowery, A.L. Jr.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

305

Methods, systems and apparatus for optimization of third harmonic current injection in a multi-phase machine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, system and apparatus are provided for increasing voltage utilization in a five-phase vector controlled machine drive system that employs third harmonic current injection to increase torque and power output by a five-phase machine. To do so, a fundamental current angle of a fundamental current vector is optimized for each particular torque-speed of operating point of the five-phase machine.

Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

306

Method and apparatus for anti-islanding protection of distributed generations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for anti-islanding protection of a distributed generation with respect to a feeder connected to an electrical grid is disclosed. The apparatus includes a sensor adapted to generate a voltage signal representative of an output voltage and/or a current signal representative of an output current at the distributed generation, and a controller responsive to the signals from the sensor. The controller is productive of a control signal directed to the distributed generation to drive an operating characteristic of the distributed generation out of a nominal range in response to the electrical grid being disconnected from the feeder.

Ye, Zhihong; John, Vinod; Wang, Changyong; Garces, Luis Jose; Zhou, Rui; Li, Lei; Walling, Reigh Allen; Premerlani, William James; Sanza, Peter Claudius; Liu, Yan; Dame, Mark Edward

2006-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

307

A Weighted Residual Framework for Formulation and Analysis of Direct Transcription Methods for Optimal Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. First condition in Eqn. (2.2) provides n number of equations which can theoretically solve for n number of unknown components of x . Next, we look at a constrained optimization problem in the form, min x J = (x) : Rn ! R; subject to (x) = 0 2 Rm... with inequality constraints as fol- lowing: min x J = (x) : Rn ! R; subject to (x) 0 2 Rm; m < n: (2.8) For this problem, we derive the conditions for optimality using slack variables and Lagrange multipliers. Slack variables are used to convert...

Singh, Baljeet

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

308

An enhanced algorithm for protocol conformance test sequence generation based on the UIO method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

specification. This checking procedure is called conformance testing. There are four methods for protocols conformance testing namely, the T-Method, D-Method, U-Method, and W-Method. Except for the T-Method, all the other methods follow the same pattern...

Allada, Ravindra

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A NEW METHOD FOR PERCEPTUALLY OPTIMIZED VISUALIZATION OF TWO LAYERED FLOW FIELDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:...........................................................................................16 2.2 Step 1: Generating a parameterization: ...........................................................17 2.3 Step 2: Developing a streaklet generation algorithm:......................................19 2 is present here to hide the page number. Nothing in white shows up when printed. #12;iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I

New Hampshire, University of

310

Method and means for a spatial and temporal probe for laser-generated plumes based on density gradients  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and means are disclosed for a spatial and temporal probe for laser generated plumes based on density gradients includes generation of a plume of vaporized material from a surface by an energy source. The probe laser beam is positioned so that the plume passes through the probe laser beam. Movement of the probe laser beam caused by refraction from the density gradient of the plume is monitored. Spatial and temporal information, correlated to one another, is then derived. 15 figs.

Yeung, E.S.; Chen, G.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Synthesis method based on optimization techniques for designing piecewise-uniform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 373-1 Kusong-dong, Yusong-gu, Taejon 305-descent optimization techniques. We describe how a piecewise-uniform LPFG can be constructed by utilizing the inverted the LPFG with thermal changes, we propose the kernel function17 used to calcu- late the coupling

Park, Namkyoo

312

Analysis and optimization of the Graz cycle : a coal fired power generation scheme with near-zero carbon dioxide emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Humans are releasing record amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere through the combustion of fossil fuels in power generation plants. With mounting evidence that this carbon dioxide is a leading cause of global ...

Alexander, Brentan R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Optimization Online - Multistage Adaptive Robust Optimization for ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 5, 2014 ... ... with the increasing penetration of wind and solar power generation has ... Keywords: Electric energy systems, multistage robust optimization, ... Multistage Adaptive Robust Optimization for the Unit Commitment Problem.

Alvaro Lorca

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

314

Preprint of the paper submitted to CMWR XVI 2006, Copenhagen, Denmark, 19-22 June, 2006 DERIVATIVE-FREE OPTIMIZATION METHODS FOR HANDLING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-FREE OPTIMIZATION METHODS FOR HANDLING FIXED COSTS IN OPTIMAL GROUNDWATER REMEDIATION DESIGN T. HEMKER1 , K-integer problem formulation and use an iterative stochastic modeling technique to build surrogate functions on the benchmarking problem and point the way towards improvement and future work. 1. INTRODUCTION AND MOTIVATION

Stryk, Oskar von

315

Optimization Online - A derivative-free trust-funnel method for ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 27, 2014 ... Abstract: In this work, we look into new derivative-free methods to solve equality-

Phillipe Sampaio

2014-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

316

A conjugate Rosen's gradient projection method with global line search for piecewise linear optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A conjugate Rosen's gradient projection method with global line search for piecewise linear cutting plane method, simplex method, Rosen's gradient projection, conjugate gradient. 1 Introduction the zig-zagging of the gradient projection, we propose a conjugate gradient version of the face simplex

Beltran-Royo, Cesar

317

Design, Analysis, and Optimization of a Radioisotope Thermophotovoltaic (RTPV) Generator, and its Applicability to an Illustrative Space Mission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Paper presented at the 45th Congress of the IAF in Jerusalem, Israel, October 1994. The paper describes the results of a DOE-sponsored design study of a radioisotope thermophotovoltaic generator (RTPV), to complement similar studies of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) and Stirling Generators (RSGs) previously published by the authors. To focus the design effort, it was decided to direct it at a specific illustrative space mission, Pluto Fast Flyby (PFF). That mission, under study by the JPL, envisages a direct eight to nine-year flight to Pluto (the only unexplored planet in the solar system), followed by comprehensive mapping, surface composition, and atmospheric structure measurements during a brief flyby of the planet and its moon Charon, and transmission of the recorded science data to Earth during a six-week post-encounter cruise.

Schock, Alfred; Mukunda, Meera; Or, Chuen T; Kumar, Vasanth; Summers, G.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Device and method for generating a beam of acoustic energy from a borehole, and applications thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In some aspects of the invention, a device, positioned within a well bore, configured to generate and direct an acoustic beam into a rock formation around a borehole is disclosed. The device comprises a source configured to generate a first signal at a first frequency and a second signal at a second frequency; a transducer configured to receive the generated first and the second signals and produce acoustic waves at the first frequency and the second frequency; and a non-linear material, coupled to the transducer, configured to generate a collimated beam with a frequency equal to the difference between the first frequency and the second frequency by a non-linear mixing process, wherein the non-linear material includes one or more of a mixture of liquids, a solid, a granular material, embedded microspheres, or an emulsion.

Vu, Cung Khac (Houston, TX); Sinha, Dipen N. (Los Alamos, NM); Pantea, Cristian (Los Alamos, NM); Nihei, Kurt (Oakland, CA); Schmitt, Denis P. (Katy, TX); Skelt, Christopher (Houston, TX)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

319

A LINEARIZATION METHOD FOR A UWB VCO-BASED CHIRP GENERATOR USING DUAL COMPENSATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultra-Wideband (UWB) chirp generators are used on Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) radar systems for high-resolution and high-accuracy range measurements. At the Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS), ...

Gomez-Garcia Alvestegui, Daniel

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

320

Riemannian Optimization Method on the Flag Manifold for Independent Subspace Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Central2, 1-1-1, Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 , the components si are generated from statistically independent sources, and A Rn×n is an invertible matrix. Most, and curvature. Therefore, by replacing, for instance, an or- dinary gradient vector of a cost function

Plumbley, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Evaluating shortfalls in mixed-integer programming approaches for the optimal design and dispatch of distributed generation systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with volatile utility pricing and potentially high system capital costs. Energy technology and boilers), and/or thermal energy storage (e.g., hot water). For some markets, volatile utility pricing heat and power Fuel cells Building energy a b s t r a c t The distributed generation (DG) of combined

322

Optimized Generation of Data-path from C Codes for FPGAs Zhi Guo Betul Buyukkurt Walid Najjar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on FPGAs, more specifically on CSoCs. It generates RTL level HDLs from frequently executing kernels System- on-a-Chip (CSoC), which has one or more microprocessors integrated with a field-programmable gate in the way of wider acceptance of CSoC platforms is their programmability. Application developers must have

Najjar, Walid A.

323

Wind turbine generators having wind assisted cooling systems and cooling methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind generator includes: a nacelle; a hub carried by the nacelle and including at least a pair of wind turbine blades; and an electricity producing generator including a stator and a rotor carried by the nacelle. The rotor is connected to the hub and rotatable in response to wind acting on the blades to rotate the rotor relative to the stator to generate electricity. A cooling system is carried by the nacelle and includes at least one ambient air inlet port opening through a surface of the nacelle downstream of the hub and blades, and a duct for flowing air from the inlet port in a generally upstream direction toward the hub and in cooling relation to the stator.

Bagepalli, Bharat (Niskayuna, NY); Barnes, Gary R. (Delanson, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha D. (Rexford, NY); Jansen, Patrick L. (Scotia, NY); Bouchard, Jr., Charles G. (Schenectady, NY); Jarczynski, Emil D. (Scotia, NY); Garg, Jivtesh (Cambridge, MA)

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

324

Method and apparatus for enhanced heat recovery from steam generators and water heaters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heating system having a steam generator or water heater, at least one economizer, at least one condenser and at least one oxidant heater arranged in a manner so as to reduce the temperature and humidity of the exhaust gas (flue gas) stream and recover a major portion of the associated sensible and latent heat. The recovered heat is returned to the steam generator or water heater so as to increase the quantity of steam generated or water heated per quantity of fuel consumed. In addition, a portion of the water vapor produced by combustion of fuel is reclaimed for use as feed water, thereby reducing the make-up water requirement for the system.

Knight, Richard A.; Rabovitser, Iosif K.; Wang, Dexin

2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

325

Comparison of heuristic methods for reliability optimization of series-parallel systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three heuristics, the max-min approach, Nakagawa and Nakashima method, and Kim and Yum method, are considered for the redundancy allocation problem with series-parallel structures. The max-min approach can formulate the problem as an integer linear...

Lee, Hsiang

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Method for generating extreme ultraviolet with mather-type plasma accelerators for use in Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device and method for generating extremely short-wave ultraviolet electromagnetic wave uses two intersecting plasma beams generated by two plasma accelerators. The intersection of the two plasma beams emits electromagnetic radiation and in particular radiation in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength. In the preferred orientation two axially aligned counter streaming plasmas collide to produce an intense source of electromagnetic radiation at the 13.5 nm wavelength. The Mather type plasma accelerators can utilize tin, or lithium covered electrodes. Tin, lithium or xenon can be used as the photon emitting gas source.

Hassanein, Ahmed (Bolingbrook, IL); Konkashbaev, Isak (Bolingbrook, IL)

2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

327

System and method for determining an ammonia generation rate in a three-way catalyst  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system according to the principles of the present disclosure includes a rate determination module, a storage level determination module, and an air/fuel ratio control module. The rate determination module determines an ammonia generation rate in a three-way catalyst based on a reaction efficiency and a reactant level. The storage level determination module determines an ammonia storage level in a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst positioned downstream from the three-way catalyst based on the ammonia generation rate. The air/fuel ratio control module controls an air/fuel ratio of an engine based on the ammonia storage level.

Sun, Min; Perry, Kevin L; Kim, Chang H

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

328

An Advanced Integrated Diffusion/Transport Method for the Design, Analysis and Optimization of the Very-High-Temperature Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objective of this research is to develop an integrated diffusion/transport (IDT) method to substantially improve the accuracy of nodal diffusion methods for the design and analysis of Very High Temperature Reactors (VHTR). Because of the presence of control rods in the reflector regions in the Pebble Bed Reactor (PBR-VHTR), traditional nodal diffusion methods do not accurately model these regions, within which diffusion theory breaks down in the vicinity of high neutron absorption and steep flux gradients. The IDT method uses a local transport solver based on a new incident flux response expansion method in the controlled nodes. Diffusion theory is used in the rest of the core. This approach improves the accuracy of the core solution by generating transport solutions of controlled nodes while maintaining computational efficiency by using diffusion solutions in nodes where such a treatment is sufficient. The transport method is initially developed and coupled to the reformulated 3-D nodal diffusion model in the CYNOD code for PBR core design and fuel cycle analysis. This method is also extended to the prismatic VHTR. The new method accurately captures transport effects in highly heterogeneous regions with steep flux gradients. The calculations of these nodes with transport theory avoid errors associated with spatial homogenization commonly used in diffusion methods in reactor core simulators

Farzad Rahnema; Dingkang Zhang; Abderrafi Ougouag; Frederick Gleicher

2011-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

329

IMPROVING INTELLIGIBILITY IN NOISE OF HMM-GENERATED SPEECH VIA NOISE-DEPENDENT AND -INDEPENDENT METHODS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the intelligibility of HMM-generated Text-to- Speech (TTS) in noise, this work evaluates several speech enhance- ment in noise. Accordingly, there is great interest in speech in- telligibility enhancement algorithms for both] and the insertion of small pauses [14]. Statistical approaches to speech enhancement using recordings of speech

Edinburgh, University of

330

Contribution of ion beam analysis methods to the development of 2nd generation high temperature superconducting (HTS) wires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the crucial steps in the second generation high temperature superconducting wire program was development of the buffer layer architecture. The architecture designed at the Superconductivity Technology Center at Los Alamos National Laboratory consists of several oxide layers wherein each layer plays a specific role, namely: nucleation layer, diffusion barrier, biaxially textured template, and an intermediate layer with a good match to the lattice parameter of superconducting Y{sub 1}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} (YBCO) compound. This report demonstrates how a wide range of ion beam analysis techniques (SIMS, RBS, channeling, PIXE, PIGE, NRA, ERD) was employed for analysis of each buffer layer and the YBCO films. These results assisted in understanding of a variety of physical processes occurring during the buffet layer fabrication and helped to optimize the buffer layer architecture as a whole.

Usov, Igor O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Arendt, Paul N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stan, Liliana [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Holesinger, Terry G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Foltyn, Steven R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Depaula, Raymond F [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Integrated method to create optimal dynamic strategic plans for corporate technology start-ups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents an innovative method for evaluating and dynamically planning the development of uncertain technology investments. Its crux centers on a paradigm shift in the way managers assess investments, toward an ...

Mikati, Samir Omar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A computational method and software development for make-to-order pricing optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High variability of demand and inflexible capacity are inevitable in a make-to-order production despite its cost savings. A computational method is proposed in this thesis to exploit pricing opportunities in the price ...

Wang, Zhiyong, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Global convergence of the Heavy-ball method for convex optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

iterates converges to the optimum at a rate of O(1/k) where k is the number of ...... M. R. Hestenes and E. Stiefel, Methods of conjugate gradients for solving linear ...

2014-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

334

A manual procedure for assembly sequence planning based on the exploded view method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis covers the development of a manual planning procedure based on the computerized method of exploded views to generate an optimal or near-optimal assembly sequence. Care has been taken to minimize iterative and tedious operations and make...

Rivero, Andres R

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Nonlinear generalized source method for modeling second-harmonic generation in diffraction gratings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a versatile numerical method for modeling light diffraction in periodically patterned photonic structures containing quadratically nonlinear non-centrosymmetric optical materials. Our approach extends the generalized source method to nonlinear optical interactions by incorporating the contribution of nonlinear polarization sources to the diffracted field in the algorithm. We derive the mathematical formalism underlying the numerical method and introduce the Fourier-factorization suitable for nonlinear calculations. The numerical efficiency and runtime characteristics of the method are investigated in a set of benchmark calculations: the results corresponding to the fundamental frequency are compared to those obtained from a reference method and the beneficial effects of the modified Fourier-factorization rule on the accuracy of the nonlinear computations is demonstrated. In order to illustrate the capabilities of our method, we employ it to demonstrate strong enhancement of second-harmonic genera...

Weismann, Martin; Panoiu, Nicolae C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Optimization of high-order harmonic generation by genetic algorithm and wavelet time-frequency analysis of quantum dipole emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-order har- monic generation ~HHG! of orders as high as 300 has been observed @5,6#, with photon energies in excess of 500 eV. A novel concept of ‘‘intra-atomic’’ phase matching has been recently introduced, allowing the enhancement of the inten- sity of a..., as shown in Fig. 2, the major time domain contributing to the total har- monic intensity is the central part of the laser pulse with significant field intensity ~for example, between 24 to 14 optical cycles!. Beyond this central time regime, the har- monic...

Chu, Xi; Chu, Shih-I

2001-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

337

Method and apparatus for optimizing the efficiency and quality of laser material processing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The efficiency of laser welding and other laser material processing is optimized according to this invention by rotating the plane of polarization of a linearly polarized laser beam in relation to a work piece of the material being processed simultaneously and in synchronization with steering the laser beam over the work piece so as to keep the plane of polarization parallel to either the plane of incidence or the direction of travel of the beam in relation to the work piece. Also, depending to some extent on the particular processing being accomplished, such as welding or fusing, the angle of incidence of the laser beam on the work piece is kept at or near the polarizing or Brewster's angle. The combination of maintaining the plane of polarization parallel to plane of incidence while also maintaining the angle of incidence at or near the polarizing or Brewster's angle results in only minimal, if any, reflection losses during laser welding. Also, coordinating rotation of the plane of polarization with the translation or steering of a work piece under a laser cutting beam maximizes efficiency and kerf geometry, regardless of the direction of cut.

Susemihl, Ingo (Norderstedt, DE)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Method and apparatus for optimizing the efficiency and quality of laser material processing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The efficiency of laser welding and other laser material processing is optimized according to this invention by rotating the plane of polarization of a linearly polarized laser beam in relation to a work piece of the material being processed simultaneously and in synchronization with steering the laser beam over the work piece so as to keep the plane of polarization parallel to either the plane of incidence or the direction of travel of the beam in relation to the work piece. Also, depending to some extent on the particular processing being accomplished, such as welding or fusing, the angle of incidence of the laser beam on the work piece is kept at or near the polarizing or Brewster's angle. The combination of maintaining the plane of polarization parallel to plane of incidence while also maintaining the angle of incidence at or near the polarizing or Brewster's angle results in only minimal, if any, reflection losses during laser welding. Also, coordinating rotation of the plane of polarization with the translation or steering of a work piece under a laser cutting beam maximizes efficiency and kerf geometry, regardless of the direction of cut. 7 figs.

Susemihl, I.

1990-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

339

Method and split cavity oscillator/modulator to generate pulsed particle beams and electromagnetic fields  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact device called the split cavity modulator whose self-generated oscillating electromagnetic field converts a steady particle beam into a modulated particle beam. The particle beam experiences both signs of the oscillating electric field during the transit through the split cavity modulator. The modulated particle beam can then be used to generate microwaves at that frequency and through the use of extractors, high efficiency extraction of microwave power is enabled. The modulated beam and the microwave frequency can be varied by the placement of resistive wires at nodes of oscillation within the cavity. The short beam travel length through the cavity permit higher currents because both space charge and pinching limitations are reduced. The need for an applied magnetic field to control the beam has been eliminated.

Clark, M.C.; Coleman, P.D.; Marder, B.M.

1993-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

340

Resonantly enhanced method for generation of tunable, coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Carbon Monoxide vapor is used to generate coherent, tunable vacuum ultraviolet radiation by third-harmonic generation using a single tunable dye laser. The presence of a nearby electronic level resonantly enhances the nonlinear susceptibility of this molecule allowing efficient generation of the vuv light at modest pump laser intensities, thereby reducing the importance of a six-photon multiple-photon ionization process which is also resonantly enhanced by the same electronic level but to higher order. By choosing the pump radiation wavelength to be of shorter wavelength than individual vibronic levels used to extend tunability stepwise from 154.4 to 124.6 nm, and the intensity to be low enough, multiple-photon ionization can be eliminated. Excitation spectra of the third-harmonic emission output exhibit shifts to shorter wavelength and broadening with increasing CO pressure due to phase matching effects. Increasing the carbon monoxide pressure, therefore, allows the substantial filling in of gaps arising from the stepwise tuning thereby providing almost continuous tunability over the quoted range of wavelength emitted.

Glownia, James H. (Los Alamos, NM); Sander, Robert K. (Los Alamos, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Resonantly enhanced method for generation of tunable, coherent vacuum-ultraviolet radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Carbon Monoxide vapor is used to generate coherent, tunable vacuum ultraviolet radiation by third-harmonic generation using a single tunable dye laser. The presence of a nearby electronic level resonantly enhances the nonlinear susceptibility of this molecule allowing efficient generation of the vuv light at modest pump laser intensities, thereby reducing the importance of a six-photon multiple-photon ionization process which is also resonantly enhanced by the same electronic level but no higher order. By choosing the pump radiation wavelength to be of shorter wavelength than individual vibronic levels used to extend tunability stepwise from 154.4 to 124.6 nm, and the intensity to be low enough, multiple-photon ionization can be eliminated. Excitation spectra of the third-harmonic emission output exhibit shifts to shorter wavelength and broadening with increasing CO pressure due to phase matching effects. Increasing the carbon monoxide pressure, therefore, allows the substantial filling in of gaps arising from the stepwise tuning thereby providing almost continuous tunability over the quoted range of wavelength emitted.

Glownia, J.H.; Sander, R.K.

1982-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

342

System and method for generating steady state confining current for a toroidal plasma fusion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for generating steady state confining current for a toroidal plasma fusion reactor providing steady-state generation of the thermonuclear power. A dense, hot toroidal plasma is initially prepared with a confining magnetic field with toroidal and poloidal components. Continuous wave RF energy is injected into said plasma to establish a spectrum of traveling waves in the plasma, where the traveling waves have momentum components substantially either all parallel, or all anti-parallel to the confining magnetic field. The injected RF energy is phased to couple to said traveling waves with both a phase velocity component and a wave momentum component in the direction of the plasma traveling wave components. The injected RF energy has a predetermined spectrum selected so that said traveling waves couple to plasma electrons having velocities in a predetermined range .DELTA.. The velocities in the range are substantially greater than the thermal electron velocity of the plasma. In addition, the range is sufficiently broad to produce a raised plateau having width .DELTA. in the plasma electron velocity distribution so that the plateau electrons provide steady-state current to generate a poloidal magnetic field component sufficient for confining the plasma. In steady state operation of the fusion reactor, the fusion power density in the plasma exceeds the power dissipated in the plasma.

Fisch, Nathaniel J. (Cambridge, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

System and method for generating steady state confining current for a toroidal plasma fusion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for generating steady state confining current for a toroidal plasma fusion reactor providing steady-state generation of the thermonuclear power. A dense, hot toroidal plasma is initially prepared with a confining magnetic field with toroidal and poloidal components. Continuous wave RF energy is injected into said plasma to estalish a spectrum of traveling waves in the plasma, where the traveling waves have momentum components substantially either all parallel, or all anti-parallel to the confining magnetic field. The injected RF energy is phased to couple to said traveling waves with both a phase velocity component and a wave momentum component in the direction of the plasma traveling wave components. The injected RF energy has a predetermined spectrum selected so that said traveling waves couple to plasma electrons having velocities in a predetermined range .DELTA.. The velocities in the range are substantially greater than the thermal electron velocity of the plasma. In addition, the range is sufficiently broad to produce a raised plateau having width .DELTA. in the plasma electron velocity distribution so that the plateau electrons provide steady-state current to generate a poloidal magnetic field component sufficient for confining the plasma. In steady state operation of the fusion reactor, the fusion power density in the plasma exceeds the power dissipated inthe plasma.

Bers, Abraham (Arlington, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Method, system and computer program product for monitoring and optimizing fluid extraction from geologic strata  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An arrangement which utilizes an inexpensive flap valve/flow transducer combination and a simple local supervisory control system to monitor and/or control the operation of a positive displacement pump used to extract petroleum from geologic strata. The local supervisory control system controls the operation of an electric motor which drives a reciprocating positive displacement pump so as to maximize the volume of petroleum extracted from the well per pump stroke while minimizing electricity usage and pump-off situations. By reducing the electrical demand and pump-off (i.e., "pounding" or "fluid pound") occurrences, operating and maintenance costs should be reduced sufficiently to allow petroleum recovery from marginally productive petroleum fields. The local supervisory control system includes one or more applications to at least collect flow signal data generated during operation of the positive displacement pump. No flow, low flow and flow duration are easily evaluated using the flap valve/flow transducer arrangement.

Medizade, Masoud (San Luis Obispo, CA); Ridgely, John Robert (Los Osos, CA)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

345

Higher-Order Methods for Determining Optimal Controls and Their Sensitivities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

derivatives of the cost-to-go function, and successive higher-order differentiations of the HJB equation. Natural byproducts of the proposed method provide sensitivities of the controls to changes in the initial states, which can be used to approximate...

McCrate, Christopher M.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

346

Method of optimizing performance of Rankine cycle power plants. [US DOE Patent  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for efficiently operating a Rankine cycle power plant to maximize fuel utilization efficiency or energy conversion efficiency or minimize costs by selecting a turbine fluid inlet state which is substantially on the area adjacent and including the transposed critical temperature line.

Pope, W.L.; Pines, H.S.; Doyle, P.A.; Silvester, L.F.

1980-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

347

Optimizing Motion Estimation with Linear Programming and Detail-Preserving Variational Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-preserving variational method to upgrade the result into a dense motion field. The proposed scheme is much faster thanD scene reconstruction. Optical flow based meth- ods have been intensively studied for the small scale mo- tion estimation problem, e.g. the motion analysis of succes- sive frames in a high frame

Drew, Mark S.

348

Efficiency and accuracy of the perturbation response coefficient generation method for whole core comet calculations in BWR and CANDU configurations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The coarse mesh transport method (COMET) is a highly accurate and efficient computational tool which predicts whole-core neutronics behaviors for heterogeneous reactor cores via a pre-computed eigenvalue-dependent response coefficient (function) library. Recently, a high order perturbation method was developed to significantly improve the efficiency of the library generation method. In that work, the method's accuracy and efficiency was tested in a small PWR benchmark problem. This paper extends the application of the perturbation method to include problems typical of the other water reactor cores such as BWR and CANDU bundles. It is found that the response coefficients predicted by the perturbation method for typical BWR bundles agree very well with those directly computed by the Monte Carlo method. The average and maximum relative errors in the surface-to-surface response coefficients are 0.02%-0.05% and 0.06%-0.25%, respectively. For CANDU bundles, the corresponding quantities are 0.01%-0.05% and 0.04% -0.15%. It is concluded that the perturbation method is highly accurate and efficient with a wide range of applicability. (authors)

Zhang, D.; Rahnema, F. [Georgia Institute of Technology, 770 State Street NW, Atlanta, GA 30332-0745 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Generation of pseudostates for the Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian using the variational method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~r-state (K=+1) with Z= 92. 4. 16 Convergence of the variational method for Ds~s-state (a ? +2) with Z= 92. CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION ln non-relativistic quantum mechanics, the variational methods provide a pow- erful technique for the construction... with nuclear charge Z 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3. 1 Variational eigenvalues for Sr~s-state (n = ? 1) for a hydrogenic ion with nuclear charge Z = 92 using Goldman's basis set...

Kim, Yong-Dal

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Double sweep preconditioner for optimized Schwarz methods applied to the Helmholtz problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a preconditioner for non-overlapping Schwarz methods applied to the Helmholtz problem. Starting from a simple analytic example, we show how such a preconditioner can be designed by approximating the inverse of the iteration operator for a layered partitioning of the domain. The preconditioner works by propagating information globally by concurrently sweeping in both directions over the subdomains, and can be interpreted as a coarse grid for the domain decomposition method. The resulting algorithm is shown to converge very fast, independently of the number of subdomains and frequency. The preconditioner has the advantage that, like the original Schwarz algorithm, it can be implemented as a matrix-free routine, with no additional preprocessing.

Vion, A., E-mail: a.vion@ulg.ac.be; Geuzaine, C., E-mail: cgeuzaine@ulg.ac.be

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Apparatus and method for characterizing thin film and interfaces using an optical heat generator and detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical heat generation and detection system generates a first non-destructive pulsed beam of electromagnetic radiation that is directed upon a sample containing at least one interface between similar or dissimilar materials. The first pulsed beam of electromagnetic radiation, a pump beam (21a), produces a non-uniform temperature change within the sample. A second non-destructive pulsed beam of electromagnetic radiation, a probe beam (21b), is also directed upon the sample. Physical and chemical properties of the materials, and of the interface, are measured by observing changes in a transient optical response of the sample to the probe beam, as revealed by a time dependence of changes in, by example, beam intensity, direction, or state of polarization. The system has increased sensitivity to interfacial properties including defects, contaminants, chemical reactions and delaminations, as compared to conventional non-destructive, non-contact techniques. One feature of this invention is a determination of a Kapitza resistance at the interface, and the correlation of the determined Kapitza resistance with a characteristic of the interface, such as roughness, delamination, the presence of contaminants, etc.

Maris, Humphrey J (Barrington, RI); Stoner, Robert J (Duxbury, MA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Method and system for generating a beam of acoustic energy from a borehole, and applications thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact array of transducers is employed as a downhole instrument for acoustic investigation of the surrounding rock formation. The array is operable to generate simultaneously a first acoustic beam signal at a first frequency and a second acoustic beam signal at a second frequency different than the first frequency. These two signals can be oriented through an azimuthal rotation of the array and an inclination rotation using control of the relative phases of the signals from the transmitter elements or electromechanical linkage. Due to the non-linearity of the formation, the first and the second acoustic beam signal mix into the rock formation where they combine into a collimated third signal that propagates in the formation along the same direction than the first and second signals and has a frequency equal to the difference of the first and the second acoustic signals. The third signal is received either within the same borehole, after reflection, or another borehole, after transmission, and analyzed to determine information about rock formation. Recording of the third signal generated along several azimuthal and inclination directions also provides 3D images of the formation, information about 3D distribution of rock formation and fluid properties and an indication of the dynamic acoustic non-linearity of the formation.

Johnson Paul A. (Santa Fe, NM); Ten Cate, James A. (Los Alamos, NM); Guyer, Robert (Reno, NV); Le Bas, Pierre-Yves (Los Alamos, NM); Vu, Cung (Houston, TX); Nihei, Kurt (Oakland, CA); Schmitt, Denis P. (Katy, TX); Skelt, Christopher (Houston, TX)

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

353

Composition-optimized TiO{sub 2}/CdS{sub x}Se{sub 1-x} core/shell nanowire arrays for photoelectrochemical hydrogen generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Core/shell heterostructured TiO{sub 2}/CdS{sub x}Se{sub 1-x} nanowire arrays (NWAs) were prepared via physical vapor deposition of CdS{sub x}Se{sub 1-x} layer onto the hydrothermal pre-grown TiO{sub 2} NWAs with FTO as conductive substrate. By change the sulfur content (x) in the TiO{sub 2}/CdS{sub x}Se{sub 1-x} nano-composites, it was observed that the light absorption edge can be gradually tuned within a broad wavelength from 540 to 710?nm. When used as photoanodes for hydrogen generation, the as-prepared TiO{sub 2}/CdS{sub x}Se{sub 1-x} NWAs show much higher photoelectroncatalytic activity than the pristine TiO{sub 2} NWAs. Moreover, the TiO{sub 2}/CdS{sub x}Se{sub 1-x} photoelectrode with x?=?0.52 exhibited the highest photocurrent level and outstanding stability, which is more suitable for long-time hydrogen generation. This study may be useful in the design of alloy hetrostructure photoelectrodes with optimal chemical composition toward the more efficient solar conversion devices.

Ai, Guanjie; Mo, Rong; Xu, Hang; Chen, Qian; Yang, Sui; Li, Hongxing, E-mail: hongxinglee@xtu.edu.cn; Zhong, Jianxin [Hunan Key Laboratory for Micro-Nano Energy Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Optoelectronics, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China)

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

354

Method and apparatus for generating motor current spectra to enhance motor system fault detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and circuitry for sampling periodic amplitude modulations in a nonstationary periodic carrier wave to determine frequencies in the amplitude modulations. The method and circuit are described in terms of an improved motor current signature analysis. The method insures that the sampled data set contains an exact whole number of carrier wave cycles by defining the rate at which samples of motor current data are collected. The circuitry insures that a sampled data set containing stationary carrier waves is recreated from the analog motor current signal containing nonstationary carrier waves by conditioning the actual sampling rate to adjust with the frequency variations in the carrier wave. After the sampled data is transformed to the frequency domain via the Discrete Fourier Transform, the frequency distribution in the discrete spectra of those components due to the carrier wave and its harmonics will be minimized so that signals of interest are more easily analyzed.

Linehan, Daniel J. (Knoxville, TN); Bunch, Stanley L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Lyster, Carl T. (Knoxville, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Method and apparatus for generating motor current spectra to enhance motor system fault detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and circuitry are disclosed for sampling periodic amplitude modulations in a nonstationary periodic carrier wave to determine frequencies in the amplitude modulations. The method and circuit are described in terms of an improved motor current signature analysis. The method insures that the sampled data set contains an exact whole number of carrier wave cycles by defining the rate at which samples of motor current data are collected. The circuitry insures that a sampled data set containing stationary carrier waves is recreated from the analog motor current signal containing nonstationary carrier waves by conditioning the actual sampling rate to adjust with the frequency variations in the carrier wave. After the sampled data is transformed to the frequency domain via the Discrete Fourier Transform, the frequency distribution in the discrete spectra of those components due to the carrier wave and its harmonics will be minimized so that signals of interest are more easily analyzed. 29 figs.

Linehan, D.J.; Bunch, S.L.; Lyster, C.T.

1995-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

356

Method for the generation of variable density metal vapors which bypasses the liquidus phase  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a method for producing a metal vapor that includes the steps of combining a metal and graphite in a vessel to form a mixture; heating the mixture to a first temperature in an argon gas atmosphere to form a metal carbide; maintaining the first temperature for a period of time; heating the metal carbide to a second temperature to form a metal vapor; withdrawing the metal vapor and the argon gas from the vessel; and separating the metal vapor from the argon gas. Metal vapors made using this method can be used to produce uniform powders of the metal oxide that have narrow size distribution and high purity.

Kunnmann, Walter (Stony Brook, NY); Larese, John Z. (Rocky Point, NY)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Deriving Optimal Operational Rules for Mitigating Inter-area Oscillations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new method to mitigate inter-area oscillations of a large scale interconnected power system by means of generation re-dispatch. The optimal operational control procedures are derived as the shortest distance from the current operating condition to a desired damping ratio of the oscillation mode by adjusting generator outputs. A sensitivity based method is used to select the most effective generators for generation re-dispatch and decision tree is trained to approximate the security boundary in a space characterized by the selected generators. The optimal operational rules can be found by solving an optimization problem where the boundary constraints are provided by the decision tree rules. This method is tested on a Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) 179-bus simplified network model and simulation results have demonstrated the proof of concept and shown promising application in real time operation.

Diao, Ruisheng; Huang, Zhenyu; Zhou, Ning; Chen, Yousu; Tuffner, Francis K.; Fuller, Jason C.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Dagle, Jeffery E.

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

358

Web-Based Method to Generate Specific Energy Consumption Data for the Evaluation and Optimization of Building Operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

about energy consumptionand specific data especially in large building stocks?user complaints and energy consumption arerarely considered in building operation?reduction of energy consumption and operation costsas well as ensuring a high work space... consumption specific heating energy consumption buildings with additional technical usage (control room)without arithmetic mean consumption related to the heated net floor area; data measured one full year: 02-2001 to 02-2002 specific yearly energy...

Wagner, A.; Wambsgan, M.; Froehlich, S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

System and method for generating current by selective minority species heating  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for the generation of toroidal current in a plasma which is prepared in a toroidal magnetic field. The system utilizes the injection of low-frequency waves into the plasma by means of phased antenna arrays or phased waveguide arrays. The plasma is prepared with a minority ion species of different charge state and different gyrofrequency from the majority ion species. The wave frequency and wave phasing are chosen such that the wave energy is absorbed preferentially by minority species ions traveling in one toroidal direction. The absorption of energy in this manner produces a toroidal electric current even when the injected waves themselves do not have substantial toroidal momentum. This current can be continuously maintained at modest cost in power and may be used to confine the plasma. The system can operate efficiently on fusion grade tokamak plasmas.

Fisch, Nathaniel J. (Princeton, NJ)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Connectivity-based, all-hexahedral mesh generation method and apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a computer-based method and apparatus for constructing all-hexahedral finite element meshes for finite element analysis. The present invention begins with a three-dimensional geometry and an all-quadrilateral surface mesh, then constructs hexahedral element connectivity from the outer boundary inward, and then resolves invalid connectivity. The result of the present invention is a complete representation of hex mesh connectivity only; actual mesh node locations are determined later. The basic method of the present invention comprises the step of forming hexahedral elements by making crossings of entities referred to as ``whisker chords.`` This step, combined with a seaming operation in space, is shown to be sufficient for meshing simple block problems. Entities that appear when meshing more complex geometries, namely blind chords, merged sheets, and self-intersecting chords, are described. A method for detecting invalid connectivity in space, based on repeated edges, is also described, along with its application to various cases of invalid connectivity introduced and resolved by the method. 79 figs.

Tautges, T.J.; Mitchell, S.A.; Blacker, T.D.; Murdoch, P.

1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Directed evolution methods for improving polypeptide folding and solubility and superfolder fluorescent proteins generated thereby  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The current invention provides methods of improving folding of polypeptides using a poorly folding domain as a component of a fusion protein comprising the poorly folding domain and a polypeptide of interest to be improved. The invention also provides novel green fluorescent proteins (GFPs) and red fluorescent proteins that have enhanced folding properties.

Waldo, Geoffrey S. (Santa Fe, NM)

2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

362

Connectivity-based, all-hexahedral mesh generation method and apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a computer-based method and apparatus for constructing all-hexahedral finite element meshes for finite element analysis. The present invention begins with a three-dimensional geometry and an all-quadrilateral surface mesh, then constructs hexahedral element connectivity from the outer boundary inward, and then resolves invalid connectivity. The result of the present invention is a complete representation of hex mesh connectivity only; actual mesh node locations are determined later. The basic method of the present invention comprises the step of forming hexahedral elements by making crossings of entities referred to as "whisker chords." This step, combined with a seaming operation in space, is shown to be sufficient for meshing simple block problems. Entities that appear when meshing more complex geometries, namely blind chords, merged sheets, and self-intersecting chords, are described. A method for detecting invalid connectivity in space, based on repeated edges, is also described, along with its application to various cases of invalid connectivity introduced and resolved by the method.

Tautges, Timothy James (Albuquerque, NM); Mitchell, Scott A. (Albuquerque, NM); Blacker, Ted D. (Green Oaks, IL); Murdoch, Peter (Salt Lake City, UT)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

A Pliant Method for Anisotropic Mesh Generation Frank J. Bossen # Paul S. Heckbert +  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

elements conform well to the requested shape metric. The method appears particularly well suited to surface­ ysis, heat transfer, fluid flow, electromagnetics, computer graphics, and other applications. It should interface that allows it to be used inside an adaptive finite element solver or in other contexts. allows

California at Berkeley, University of

364

Method of synthesizing enriched decaborane for use in generating boron neutron capture therapy pharmaceuticals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for synthesizing decaborane wherein at least about 90% of the boron atoms in the decaborane are the .sup.10 B isotope, comprising the steps of: (a) reacting boric acid with a C.sub.1 to C.sub.10 alkanol to form a .sup.10 B-alkyl borate wherein at least about 90% of the boron atoms in the boric acid are the .sup.10 B isotope; (b) reducing the .sup.10 B-alkyl borate to form an alkali metal .sup.10 B-borohydride; (c) converting the alkali metal .sup.10 B-borohydride to a .sup.10 B-tetradecahydroundecaborate ion; and (d) converting the .sup.10 B-tetradecahydroundecaborate ion to .sup.10 B-decaborane. Methods of preparing tetradecahydroundecaborate ions and decaborane from alkali metal borohydrides are also described.

Cowan, Robert L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Ginosar, Daniel M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Dunks, Gary B. (Upland, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Apparatus and method for generating a magnetic field by rotation of a charge holding object  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device and a method for the production of a magnetic field using a Charge Holding Object that is mechanically rotated. In a preferred embodiment, a Charge Holding Object surrounding a sample rotates and subjects the sample to one or more magnetic fields. The one or more magnetic fields are used by NMR Electronics connected to an NMR Conductor positioned within the Charge Holding Object to perform NMR analysis of the sample.

Gerald, II, Rex E. (Brookfield, IL); Vukovic, Lela (Westchester, IL); Rathke, Jerome W. (Homer Glenn, IL)

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

366

Method for generating small and ultra small apertures, slits, nozzles and orifices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and device for one or more small apertures, slits, nozzles and orifices, preferably having a high aspect ratio. In one embodiment, one or more alternating layers of sacrificial layers and blocking layers are deposited onto a substrate. Each sacrificial layer is made of a material which preferably allows a radiation to substantially pass through. Each blocking layer is made of a material which substantially blocks the radiation.

Khounsary, Ali M. (Hinsdale, IL)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

367

Process metallurgy simulation for metal drawing process optimization by using two-scale finite element method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We developed two-scale FE analysis procedure based on the crystallographic homogenization method by considering the hierarchical structure of poly-crystal aluminium alloy metal. It can be characterized as the combination of two-scale structure, such as the microscopic polycrystal structure and the macroscopic elastic plastic continuum. Micro polycrystal structure can be modeled as a three dimensional representative volume element (RVE). RVE is featured as by 3×3×3 eight-nodes solid finite elements, which has 216 crystal orientations. This FE analysis code can predict the deformation, strain and stress evolutions in the wire drawing processes in the macro- scales, and further the crystal texture and hardening evolutions in the micro-scale. In this study, we analyzed the texture evolution in the wire drawing processes by our two-scale FE analysis code under conditions of various drawing angles of dice. We evaluates the texture evolution in the surface and center regions of the wire cross section, and to clarify the effects of processing conditions on the texture evolution.

Nakamachi, Eiji; Yoshida, Takashi; Yamaguchi, Toshihiko; Morita, Yusuke [Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Doshisha Univ., Kyotanabe, Kyoto, 610-0394 (Japan); Kuramae, Hiroyuki [Dept. of Technol. Management, Osaka Institute of Technol., Asahiku, Osaka, 535-8585 (Japan); Morimoto, Hideo [Furukawa Electric Co. Ltd., Okano, Nishiku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 220-0073 (Japan)

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

368

Electrochemical methods for generation of a biological proton motive force and pyridine nucleotide cofactor regeneration  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are methods using neutral red to mediate the interconversion of chemical and electrical energy. Electrically reduced neutral red has been found to promote cell growth and formation of reduced products by reversibly increasing the ratio of the reduced:oxidized forms of NAD(H) or NADP(H). Electrically reduced neutral red is able to serve as the sole source of reducing power for microbial, cell growth. Neutral red is also able to promote conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy by facilitating the transfer of electrons from microbial reducing power to a fuel cell cathode.

Zeikus, Gregory J. (Okemos, MI); Shin, Hyoun S. (Lansing, MI); Jain, Mahendra K. (Lexington, KY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Electrochemical methods for generation of a biological proton motive force and pyridine nucleotide cofactor regeneration  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are methods using neutral red to mediate the interconversion of chemical and electrical energy. Electrically reduced neutral red has been found to promote cell growth and formation of reduced products by reversibly increasing the ratio of the reduced:oxidized forms of NAD(H) or NADP(H). Electrically reduced neutral red is able to serve as the sole source of reducing power for microbial cell growth. Neutral red is also able to promote conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy by facilitating the transfer of electrons from microbial reducing power to a fuel cell cathode.

Zeikus, Joseph G. (Okemas, MI); Park, Doo (Seoul, KR)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Method and apparatus for transferring and injecting rf energy from a generator to a resonant load  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Improved apparatus and method are provided for the coherent amplification and injection of radio-frequency (rf) energy into a load cavity using a plurality of amplifier tubes. A plurality of strip line cavities (30, 32, 34, 36, 40, 42, 44) are laterally joined to define a continuous closed cavity (48), with an amplifier tube (50, 52, 54, 56, 58, 60, 62, 64) mounted within each resonant strip cavity. Rf energy is injected into the continuous cavity (48) from a single input (70) for coherent coupling to all of the amplifier tubes for amplification and injection into the load cavity (76).

Hoffert, William J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Method and apparatus for the simultaneous display and correlation of independently generated images  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for location by location correlation of multiple images from Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) and other sources. Multiple images of a material specimen are displayed on one or more monitors of an interactive graphics system. Specimen landmarks are located in each image and mapping functions from a reference image to each other image are calcuated using the landmark locations. A location selected by positioning a cursor in the reference image is mapped to the other images and location identifiers are simultaneously displayed in those images. Movement of the cursor in the reference image causes simultaneous movement of the location identifiers in the other images to positions corresponding to the location of the reference image cursor.

Vaitekunas, Jeffrey J. (Chicago, IL); Roberts, Ronald A. (Crown Point, IN)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

A comparison of small-field tissue phantom ratio data generation methods for an Elekta Agility 6 MV photon beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tissue-phantom ratios (TPRs) are a common dosimetric quantity used to describe the change in dose with depth in tissue. These can be challenging and time consuming to measure. The conversion of percentage depth dose (PDD) data using standard formulae is widely employed as an alternative method in generating TPR. However, the applicability of these formulae for small fields has been questioned in the literature. Functional representation has also been proposed for small-field TPR production. This article compares measured TPR data for small 6 MV photon fields against that generated by conversion of PDD using standard formulae to assess the efficacy of the conversion data. By functionally fitting the measured TPR data for square fields greater than 4 cm in length, the TPR curves for smaller fields are generated and compared with measurements. TPRs and PDDs were measured in a water tank for a range of square field sizes. The PDDs were converted to TPRs using standard formulae. TPRs for fields of 4 × 4 cm{sup 2} and larger were used to create functional fits. The parameterization coefficients were used to construct extrapolated TPR curves for 1 × 1 cm{sup 2}, 2 × 2-cm{sup 2}, and 3 × 3-cm{sup 2} fields. The TPR data generated using standard formulae were in excellent agreement with direct TPR measurements. The TPR data for 1 × 1-cm{sup 2}, 2 × 2-cm{sup 2}, and 3 × 3-cm{sup 2} fields created by extrapolation of the larger field functional fits gave inaccurate initial results. The corresponding mean differences for the 3 fields were 4.0%, 2.0%, and 0.9%. Generation of TPR data using a standard PDD-conversion methodology has been shown to give good agreement with our directly measured data for small fields. However, extrapolation of TPR data using the functional fit to fields of 4 × 4 cm{sup 2} or larger resulted in generation of TPR curves that did not compare well with the measured data.

Richmond, Neil, E-mail: neil.richmond@stees.nhs.uk; Brackenridge, Robert

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Method and apparatus for electrokinetic co-generation of hydrogen and electric power from liquid water microjets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for producing both a gas and electrical power from a flowing liquid, the method comprising: a) providing a source liquid containing ions that when neutralized form a gas; b) providing a velocity to the source liquid relative to a solid material to form a charged liquid microjet, which subsequently breaks up into a droplet spay, the solid material forming a liquid-solid interface; and c) supplying electrons to the charged liquid by contacting a spray stream of the charged liquid with an electron source. In one embodiment, where the liquid is water, hydrogen gas is formed and a streaming current is generated. The apparatus comprises a source of pressurized liquid, a microjet nozzle, a conduit for delivering said liquid to said microjet nozzle, and a conductive metal target sufficiently spaced from said nozzle such that the jet stream produced by said microjet is discontinuous at said target. In one arrangement, with the metal nozzle and target electrically connected to ground, both hydrogen gas and a streaming current are generated at the target as it is impinged by the streaming, liquid spray microjet.

Saykally, Richard J; Duffin, Andrew M; Wilson, Kevin R; Rude, Bruce S

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

374

A mathematical method for boiling water reactor control rod programming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new mathematical programming method has been developed and utilized in OPROD, an existing computer code for automatic generation of control rod programs as an alternative inner-loop routine for the method of approximate programming. The new routine is constructed of a dual feasible direction algorithm, and consists essentially of two stages of iterative optimization procedures Optimization Procedures I and II. Both follow almost the same algorithm; Optimization Procedure I searches for feasible solutions and Optimization Procedure II optimizes the objective function. Optimization theory and computer simulations have demonstrated that the new routine could find optimum solutions, even if deteriorated initial control rod patterns were given.

Tokumasu, S.; Hiranuma, H.; Ozawa, M.; Yokomi, M.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Cleanroom Energy Optimization Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in many parts of the country. The purpose of this article is to inform the reader. Whereas, the obvious benefits for energy conservation policies are mainly ecological; corporations with vision can implement policies that also contribute... significantly to the bottom line. Semiconductor Cleanroom Energy Based upon surveys the Semiconductor industry has over 12,800,000 ft2 (1,190,000 m2) of cleanroom space in the United States varying in cleanliness from Class M1 (ISO Class 3) to Class M6...

Naughton, P.; Schrecengost, R.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Relay Optimization Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 2, 2014 ... enables us to add boundary attraction potential to GA-MPC's repair operator, among other ...... Volume 3, Issue 4, 2012, 535-560. Available:.

nzhang

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

377

Methods for Analyzing the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Photovoltaic Generation to the U.S. Electric Utility System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report outlines the methods, data, and tools that could be used at different levels of sophistication and effort to estimate the benefits and costs of DGPV. In so doing, we identify the gaps in current benefit-cost-analysis methods, which we hope will inform the ongoing research agenda in this area. The focus of this report is primarily on benefits and costs from the utility or electricity generation system perspective. It is intended to provide useful background information to utility and regulatory decision makers and their staff, who are often being asked to use or evaluate estimates of the benefits and cost of DGPV in regulatory proceedings. Understanding the technical rigor of the range of methods and how they might need to evolve as DGPV becomes a more significant contributor of energy to the electricity system will help them be better consumers of this type of information. This report is also intended to provide information to utilities, policy makers, PV technology developers, and other stakeholders, which might help them maximize the benefits and minimize the costs of integrating DGPV into a changing electricity system.

Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.; Palmintier, B.; Barrows, C.; Ibanez, E.; Bird, L.; Zuboy, J.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Generating expansion model incorporating compact DC power flow equations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a compact method of incorporating the spatial dimension into the generation expansion problem. Compact DC power flow equations are used to provide real-power flow coordination equations. Using these equations the marginal contribution of a generator to th total system loss is formulated as a function of that generator`s output. Incorporating these flow equations directly into the MIP formulation of the generator expansion problem results in a model that captures a generator`s true net marginal cost, one that includes both the cost of generation and the cost of transport. This method contrasts with other methods that iterate between a generator expansion model and an optimal power flow model. The proposed model is very compact and has very good convergence performance. A case study with data from Kenya is used to provide a practical application to the model.

Nderitu, D.G.; Sparrow, F.T.; Yu, Z. [Purdue Inst. for Interdisciplinary Engineering Studies, West Lafayette, IN (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

379

Apparatus and method for heterodyne-generated two-dimensional detector array using a single element detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and method for heterodyne-generated, two-dimensional detector array using a single detector. Synthetic-array heterodyne detection, permits a single-element optical detector to behave as though it were divided into an array of separate heterodyne detector elements. A fifteen-element synthetic array has successfully been experimentally realized on a single-element detector, permitting all of the array elements to be read out continuously and in parallel from one electrical connection. A CO.sub.2 laser and a single-element HgCdTe photodiode are employed. A different heterodyne local oscillator frequency is incident upon the spatially resolvable regions of the detector surface. Thus, different regions are mapped to different heterodyne beat frequencies. One can determine where the photons were incident on the detector surface even though a single electrical connection to the detector is used. This also prevents the destructive interference that occurs when multiple speckles are imaged (similar to spatial diversity), In coherent LIDAR this permits a larger field of view. An acoustooptic modulator generates the local oscillator frequencies and can achieve adequate spatial separation of optical frequencies of the order of a megahertz apart.

Strauss, Charlie E. (Santa Fe, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Apparatus and method for heterodyne-generated two-dimensional detector array using a single element detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and method are disclosed for heterodyne-generated, two-dimensional detector array using a single detector. Synthetic-array heterodyne detection, permits a single-element optical detector to behave as though it were divided into an array of separate heterodyne detector elements. A fifteen-element synthetic array has successfully been experimentally realized on a single-element detector, permitting all of the array elements to be read out continuously and in parallel from one electrical connection. A CO{sub 2} laser and a single-element HgCdTe photodiode are employed. A different heterodyne local oscillator frequency is incident upon the spatially resolvable regions of the detector surface. Thus, different regions are mapped to different heterodyne beat frequencies. One can determine where the photons were incident on the detector surface even though a single electrical connection to the detector is used. This also prevents the destructive interference that occurs when multiple speckles are imaged (similar to spatial diversity), In coherent LIDAR this permits a larger field of view. An acoustooptic modulator generates the local oscillator frequencies and can achieve adequate spatial separation of optical frequencies of the order of a megahertz apart. 4 figs.

Strauss, C.E.

1997-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Optimization of the Fin Heat Pipe for Ventilating and Air Conditioning with a Genetic Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

method, Termination generation T is 300, and the parameter D is 2.0 which could be selected after repeated software operation testing. 4.2 Optimization Results ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China HVAC Technologies for Energy...

Qian, J.; Sun, D.; Li, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Optimal trajectory design under uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reference trajectory design for atmospheric reentry vehicles can be accomplished through trajectory optimization using optimal control techniques. However, this method generally focuses on nominal vehicle performance and ...

Saunders, Benjamin R. (Benjamin Robert)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Heat exchanger design for thermoelectric electricity generation from low temperature flue gas streams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An air-to-oil heat exchanger was modeled and optimized for use in a system utilizing a thermoelectric generator to convert low grade waste heat in flue gas streams to electricity. The NTU-effectiveness method, exergy, and ...

Latcham, Jacob G. (Jacob Greco)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

The Next Generation Virgo cluster Survey. V. modelling the dynamics of M87 with the Made-to-Measure method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the dynamics of the giant elliptical galaxy M87 from the central to the outermost regions with the made-to-measure (M2M) method. We use a new catalogue of 922 globular cluster line-of- sight velocities extending to a projected radius of 180 kpc (equivalent to 25 M87 effective radii), and SAURON integral field unit data within the central 2.4 kpc. 263 globular clusters, mainly located beyond 40 kpc, are newly observed by the Next Generation Virgo Survey (NGVS). For the M2M modelling, the gravitational potential is taken as a combination of a luminous matter potential with a constant stellar mass-to-light ratio and a dark matter potential modelled as a logarithmic potential. Our best dynamical model returns a stellar mass-to-light ratio in the I band of M/LI = 6.0(+ -0.3) M_sun/L_sun with a dark matter potential scale velocity of 591(+ -50) km/s and scale radius of 42(+ -10) kpc. We determine the total mass of M87 within 180 kpc to be (1.5 + - 0.2) 10^13 M_sun. The mass within 40 kpc is smaller than pr...

Zhu, Ling; Mao, Shude; Peng, Eric W; Liu, Chengze; Caldwell, Nelson; Li, Biao; Blakeslee, John P; Cote, Patrick; Cuillandre, Jean-Charles; Durrell, Patrick; Emsellem, Eric; Ferrarese, Laura; Gwyn, Stephen; Jordan, Andres; Lancon, Ariane; Mei, Simona; Munoz, Roberto; Puzi, Thomas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Practical Experiences from the USE of a Method for Active Functional Tests and Optimization of Coil Energy Recovery Loop Systems in AHUs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRACTICAL EXPERIENCES FROM THE USE OF A METHOD FOR ACTIVE FUNCTIONAL TESTS AND OPTIMIZATION OF COIL ENERGY RECOVERY LOOP SYSTEMS IN AHUS. J?rgen Eriksson* * ?F-Installation AB, Box 1551 SE 401 51 G?teborg, Sweden. Summary A method...-commissioning, ventilation, energy, efficiency, EES INTRODUCTION The reason to study coil energy recovery loop systems is that they are very common in Sweden and mainly used in cases with high air flow rates such as in hospitals and pharmaceutical industries. The heat...

Eriksson, J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

General Methodology Combining Engineering Optimization of Primary HVAC & R Plants with Decision Analysis Methods--Part I: Deterministic Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is the first of a two-part sequence that proposes a general methodology for dynamic scheduling and optimal control of complex primary HVAC&R plants, which combines engineering analyses within a practical decision analysis framework by modeling risk attitudes of the operator. The paper was based on work done prior to employment by Battelle.

Jiang, Wei; Reddy, T. A.

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

Partially Adaptive Stochastic Optimization for Electric Power ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jan 3, 2015 ... Abstract: Electric Power Generation Expansion Planning (GEP) is the problem of determining an optimal construction and generation plan of ...

Jikai Zou

2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

388

Optimization Online - Optimal Job Scheduling with Day-ahead Price ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 17, 2011 ... Optimal Job Scheduling with Day-ahead Price and Random Local Distributed Generation: A Two-stage Robust Approach.

Anna Danandeh

2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

389

Optimization of the Cathode Catalyst Layer Composition of a PEM Fuel Cell Using a Novel 2-Step Preparation Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For good performance and high durability PEM fuel cells run at high water saturation levels. However, excess liquid water generated by the oxygen reduction reaction at the cathode can block pores in the catalyst layer so ...

Friedmann, Roland

2009-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

390

Optimization Online - All Areas Submissions - October 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas Network Optimization: A comparison of Piecewise Linear Models CARLOS ... PSMG-A Parallel Structured Model Generator for Mathematical Programming

391

The cost of geothermal energy in the western US region:a portfolio-based approach a mean-variance portfolio optimization of the regions' generating mix to 2013.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy planning represents an investment-decision problem. Investors commonly evaluate such problems using portfolio theory to manage risk and maximize portfolio performance under a variety of unpredictable economic outcomes. Energy planners need to similarly abandon their reliance on traditional, ''least-cost'' stand-alone technology cost estimates and instead evaluate conventional and renewable energy sources on the basis of their portfolio cost--their cost contribution relative to their risk contribution to a mix of generating assets. This report describes essential portfolio-theory ideas and discusses their application in the Western US region. The memo illustrates how electricity-generating mixes can benefit from additional shares of geothermal and other renewables. Compared to fossil-dominated mixes, efficient portfolios reduce generating cost while including greater renewables shares in the mix. This enhances energy security. Though counter-intuitive, the idea that adding more costly geothermal can actually reduce portfolio-generating cost is consistent with basic finance theory. An important implication is that in dynamic and uncertain environments, the relative value of generating technologies must be determined not by evaluating alternative resources, but by evaluating alternative resource portfolios. The optimal results for the Western US Region indicate that compared to the EIA target mixes, there exist generating mixes with larger geothermal shares at equal-or-lower expected cost and risk.

Beurskens, Luuk (ECN-Energy Research Centre of the Netherland); Jansen, Jaap C. (ECN-Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands); Awerbuch, Shimon Ph.D. (.University of Sussex, Brighton, UK); Drennen, Thomas E.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Metallic cobalt and iron particles in large and medium pore zeolites. Methods of generation and ferromagnetic resonance characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spectroscopic studies utilizing photoacoustic electronic spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance, and ferromagnetic resonance have been made on the formation of (1) Co metal particles from CO(NH/sub 3/)/sub 6//sup 3 +/ exchanged into Y zeolite and (2) Fe metal particles from nonframework Fe/sup 3 +/ ions in an aluminoferrisilicate analogue of ZSM-5 zeolite. Decomposition of the Co(NH/sub 3/)/sub 6//sup 3 +/ complex is accompanied by autoreduction to the Co/sup 2 +/ state, observed by EPR at 7/sup 0/K, but no Co metal is formed. The Co/sup 2 +/ ions migrate from the supercage locations of the parent complexes into the hexagonal prisms and are subsequently very difficult to reduce, even with H/sub 2/ at 823/sup 0/K. High-temperature FMR data suggest that the small amount of Co metal particles which are formed exist with the fcc crystal structure yielding g = 2.17 at 508/sup 0/K, consistent with an empirically calculated value for fcc Co. Hexagonal close packed Co particles are expected to exhibit much larger magnetic anisotropy than was observed. The Fe/sup 3 +/ ions in the medium pore pentasil aluminoferrisilicate zeolite can be reduced to the metallic state following either (a) precipitation of the inclusion compound, Fe/sup III/(Fe/sup II/(CN)/sub 5/(NO)), in the zeolite, or (b) generation of superparamagnetic oxidic ferric ion clusters. High-temperature FMR data establish that smaller Fe particles can be obtained by the latter method.

Iton, L.E.; Beal, R.B.; Hamot, P.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Optimal Cloning and No Signaling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that no signaling constraint generates the whole class of 1 $\\rightarrow$ 2 optimal quantum cloning machines of single qubits.

Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Anirban Roy

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Optimization Online  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Online is a repository of e-prints about optimization and related topics. Submissions to Optimization Online are moderated by a team of volunteer

395

Public Service Commission Authorization to Utilize an Alternative Method of Cost Recovery for Certain Base Load Generation (Mississippi)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Senate Bill 2793 authorizes the Public Service Commission (PSC) to utilize an alternative cost recovery for certain base load generation. The PSC is authorized to include in an electric...

396

Space-based solar power generation using a distributed network of satellites and methods for efficient space power transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Space-based solar power (SSP) generation is being touted as a solution to our ever-increasing energy consumption and dependence on fossil fuels. Satellites in Earth's orbit can capture solar energy through photovoltaic ...

McLinko, Ryan M.

397

JOURNAL OF OPTIMIZATION THEORY AND APPLICATIONS: Vol. 66, No. 1, JULY 1990 Vectorization of Conjugate-Gradient Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Conjugate-Gradient Methods for Large-Scale Minimization in Meteorology' Io M. NAVON, 2 P. K. H. PHUA, 3 conjugate-gradient methods designed to solve symmetric linear systems of algebraic equations, arising mainly or parallel processing, no such effort was undertaken for the nonlinear conjugate-gradient method for large

Navon, Michael

398

Particle Swarm Optimization Based Reactive Power Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reactive power plays an important role in supporting the real power transfer by maintaining voltage stability and system reliability. It is a critical element for a transmission operator to ensure the reliability of an electric system while minimizing the cost associated with it. The traditional objectives of reactive power dispatch are focused on the technical side of reactive support such as minimization of transmission losses. Reactive power cost compensation to a generator is based on the incurred cost of its reactive power contribution less the cost of its obligation to support the active power delivery. In this paper an efficient Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) based reactive power optimization approach is presented. The optimal reactive power dispatch problem is a nonlinear optimization problem with several constraints. The objective of the proposed PSO is to minimize the total support cost from generators and reactive compensators. It is achieved by maintaining the whole system power loss as minimum...

Sujin, P R; Linda, M Mary

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

EEL6614 Modern Control Theory 1. Catalog Description -Optimization of systems using the calculus of variations,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5182 3. Course Objectives - Optimization methods and optimal control 4. Instructor Dr. Jacob Hammer a

Fang, Yuguang "Michael"

400

Optimal power flow in microgrids using event-triggered optimization Pu Wan and Michael D. Lemmon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal power flow in microgrids using event-triggered optimization Pu Wan and Michael D. Lemmon Abstract-- Microgrids are power generation and distribution systems in which users and generators-triggered distributed optimization algorithm to solve the optimal power flow (OPF) problem in microgrids. Under event

Lemmon, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Method for generation of THz frequency radiation and sensing of large amplitude material strain waves in piezoelectric materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strain waves of THz frequencies can coherently generate radiation when they propagate past an interface between materials with different piezoelectric coefficients. Such radiation is of detectable amplitude and contains sufficient information to determine the time-dependence of the strain wave with unprecedented subpicosecond, nearly atomic time and space resolution.

Reed, Evan J. (Pine Island, MN); Armstrong, Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

402

Journal of Power Sources 126 (2004) 193202 Li-ion microbatteries generated by a laser direct-write method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to fabricate Li-ion microbatteries. The battery electrodes are made by the laser-induced forward transfer. Keywords: Microbattery; Battery; Li-ion; Direct-write; Laser 1. Introduction A current trend in technologyJournal of Power Sources 126 (2004) 193­202 Li-ion microbatteries generated by a laser direct

Arnold, Craig B.

403

Optimization Journals, Sites, Societies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Online Links. Optimization related societies. Mathematical Optimization Society · SIAM · INFORMS. Optimization related journals. Mathematical ...

404

Non-ambipolar radio-frequency plasma electron source and systems and methods for generating electron beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electron generating device extracts electrons, through an electron sheath, from plasma produced using RF fields. The electron sheath is located near a grounded ring at one end of a negatively biased conducting surface, which is normally a cylinder. Extracted electrons pass through the grounded ring in the presence of a steady state axial magnetic field. Sufficiently large magnetic fields and/or RF power into the plasma allow for helicon plasma generation. The ion loss area is sufficiently large compared to the electron loss area to allow for total non-ambipolar extraction of all electrons leaving the plasma. Voids in the negatively-biased conducting surface allow the time-varying magnetic fields provided by the antenna to inductively couple to the plasma within the conducting surface. The conducting surface acts as a Faraday shield, which reduces any time-varying electric fields from entering the conductive surface, i.e. blocks capacitive coupling between the antenna and the plasma.

Hershkowitz, Noah (Madison, WI); Longmier, Benjamin (Madison, WI); Baalrud, Scott (Madison, WI)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

405

Energy optimization system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for optimizing customer utility usage in a utility network of customer sites, each having one or more utility devices, where customer site is communicated between each of the customer sites and an optimization server having software for optimizing customer utility usage over one or more networks, including private and public networks. A customer site model for each of the customer sites is generated based upon the customer site information, and the customer utility usage is optimized based upon the customer site information and the customer site model. The optimization server can be hosted by an external source or within the customer site. In addition, the optimization processing can be partitioned between the customer site and an external source.

Zhou, Zhi; de Bedout, Juan Manuel; Kern, John Michael; Biyik, Emrah; Chandra, Ramu Sharat

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

406

Participatory learning and knowledge assessment with a game-based method relying on student-generated questions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A game based on student-generated multiple-choice questions (MCQs) was used to promote participatory learning and as a knowledge assessment tool in the framework of an elementary course in Photonics. Under the instructor's guidance, students were asked to author MCQs, including both question stems and four possible answers (three distractors and one correct answer). They were told that good enough questions would enter a repository from which MCQs for the final exam could be drawn. The student-generated MCQs were then reviewed by the instructor, who discarded unsuitable questions and made amendments to ensure quality standards. The resulting repository (with the key to the correct answers) was made available to the students, whereupon a subset of questions were selected by the instructor to set the MCQ test for the final exam (consisting of a MCQ test based on student-generated questions and a problem-solving part set entirely by the instructor). The MCQ repository was large enough to ensure that rote learnin...

Abad, Enrique; Gil, Julia

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Concerted unimolecular triple dissociation of s-tetrazine: Transition-state structural optimizations using configuration interaction and coupled cluster methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High level ab initio quantum mechanical methods have been applied to the reaction s-tetrazine {yields} 2HCN + N{sub 2}. Basis sets as large as triple-{zeta} plus double polarization (TZ2P) were used in conjunction with configuration interaction and coupled cluster methods including in some cases all triple excitations (CCSDT-1). The result is an enormous decrease in the predicted triple dissociation barrier height from 79.4 kcal (double-{zeta} plus polarization basis set, self-consistent-field method) to the final barrier of 38.3 kcal. After correction for zero-point vibrational energies, the predicted activation energy is only 33.1 kcal. Since this prediction falls well below the threshold for photodissociation (51.8 kcal), new experiments are called for.

Scuseria, G.E. (Rice Univ., Houston, TX (USA)); Schaefer, H.F. III (Univ. of Georgia, Athens (USA))

1990-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

408

Sensitivity to constraints in blackbox optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

method performing biobjective optimization on the minimization of the objective ... Optimization aims at identifying an argument that minimizes a given objective ...

Audet and Le Digabel

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

409

Estimation of Absolute Free Energies of Hydration using Continuum Methods: Accuracy of Partial Charge Models and Optimization of Nonpolar Contributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of Absolute Free Energies of Hydration using Continuum Methods: Accuracy of Partial, and Irwin D. Kuntz Supporting Information Table S1. Experimental Free Energies of Hydration (Ghyd) in kcal,2-dimethylcyclohexane 1.58 36 trans-1,4-dimethylcyclohexane 2.11 37 ethene 1.28 38 propene 1.32 39 but-1-ene 1.38 40

Rizzo, Robert C.

410

HYPERBOLIC DIFFERENTIAL The classical Bubnov-Galerkin finite element method is optimal in the sense of the best ap-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Galerkin method and subsequently discretize the resulting equations by N + 1 equally-sized finite elementsDRAFT Chapter 9 HYPERBOLIC DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS The classical Bubnov-Galerkin finite element equations. In many problems of mechan- ics and convective heat transfer where convection dominates diffusion

California at Berkeley, University of

411

Robust optimization based self scheduling of hydro-thermal Genco ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 29, 2013 ... Abstract: This paper proposes a robust optimization model for optimal self scheduling of a hydro-thermal generating company. The proposed ...

Alireza Soroudi

2013-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

412

Optimization Online Digest -- November 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient high-precision dense matrix algebra on parallel architectures for nonlinear discrete optimization ... Incremental-like Bundle Methods with Application to Energy Planning ... Global Optimization for the Design of Space Trajectories

413

Optimization of fracture treatment designs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

length and fracture conductivity, and well spacing to optimize methane recovery and project economics of coalbed methane reservoirs. Anderson and Philflps g examined several methods of optimizing proppant selection. Proppant selection is very important...

Rueda, Jose Ignacio

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

414

Global optimization in reduced space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization is a key activity in any engineering discipline. Global optimization methods, in particular, strive to solve nonconvex problems, which often arise in chemical engineering, and deterministic algorithms such as ...

Wechsung, Achim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Stochastic Optimization of Complex Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project focused on methodologies for the solution of stochastic optimization problems based on relaxation and penalty methods, Monte Carlo simulation, parallel processing, and inverse optimization. The main results of the project were the development of a convergent method for the solution of models that include expectation constraints as in equilibrium models, improvement of Monte Carlo convergence through the use of a new method of sample batch optimization, the development of new parallel processing methods for stochastic unit commitment models, and the development of improved methods in combination with parallel processing for incorporating automatic differentiation methods into optimization.

Birge, John R. [University of Chicago

2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

416

Verification, optimization and refinement of a direct-inverse transonic wing design method including weak viscous interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Refinement of a. Direct-Inverse Transonic Wing Design Method Including Weak Viscous Interaction. (August 1989) Robert R. Ratcliff, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chair oi' Advisory Committee: Dr. Leland A. Carlson New developments in the direct-inverse wing... AND DISCUSSION . 92 VI V. 1 Bound&ary L&iyer and Wake Effects . . V. 2 Spanwise Grid Skewness V. 3 Wing Planform Effects V. 4 Initial Profile Efi'ects V. 5 Pressure Distribution Compatibility V. 6 Grid Refinement Effects . . V. 7 Fixed Trailing Edge...

Ratcliff, Robert R.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

417

Optimized 3D simulation method for modeling of out-of-plane radiation in silicon photonic integrated circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an accurate and fast 3D simulation scheme for out-of-plane grating couplers, based on two dimensional rigorous (finite difference time domain) grating simulations, the effective index method (EIM), and the Rayleigh-Sommerfeld diffraction formula. In comparison with full 3D FDTD simulations, the rms difference in electric field is below 5% and the difference in power flux is below 3%. A grating coupler for coupling from a silicon-on-insulator photonic integrated circuit to an optical fiber positioned 0.1 mm above the circuit is designed as example.

Westerveld, W J; Yousefi, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

LS Note 336 - A Method of Optimizing Field Roll-Off and the Peak Field of Hybrid Planar Undulators  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LOS ALAMOS, NewattractsDamping of PlasmaMethod

419

Design-by-Analogy Using the WordTree Method and an Automated WordTree Generating Tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................................... 44 Tutorial for the WordTree Express ........................................................... 45 IV EXPERIMENT: WORDTREE DESIGN METHOD...????????... 46 Overview... for the development of the WTE program. The topics covered are as follows: ? Goals of the WTE program ? WTE user interface layout ? WTE program code layout ? Challenges of the design ? Benefits of the design ? Tutorial Goals of the WordTree Express Program...

Oriakhi, Edgar Velazquez

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

420

General Methodology Combining Engineering Optimization of Primary HVAC and R Plants with Decision Analysis Methods--Part II: Uncertainty and Decision Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A companion paper to Jiang and Reddy that presents a general and computationally efficient methodology for dyanmic scheduling and optimal control of complex primary HVAC&R plants using a deterministic engineering optimization approach.

Jiang, Wei; Reddy, T. A.; Gurian, Patrick

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Optimization Neuroimaging'',  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Canonical Ridge Analysis with Ridge Parameter Optimization F. �. Nielsen, L. K. Hansen and S. C - PLS 1 = k 0 = k optimal k k = optimal k k £ £ 0 #12; Canonical Ridge Analysis with Ridge Parameter Optimization F. �. Nielsen, L. K. Hansen and S. C. Strother The Human Brain Project, P20 MH57180 ``Spatial

Nielsen, Finn Ã?rup

422

Method and apparatus for directing ions and other charged particles generated at near atmospheric pressures into a region under vacuum  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for focusing dispersed charged particles. More specifically, a series of elements within a region maintained at a pressure between 10.sup.-1 millibar and 1 bar, each having successively larger apertures forming an ion funnel, wherein RF voltages are applied to the elements so that the RF voltage on any element has phase, amplitude and frequency necessary to define a confinement zone for charged particles of appropriate charge and mass in the interior of the ion funnel, wherein the confinement zone has an acceptance region and an emmitance region and where the acceptance region area is larger than the emmitance region area.

Smith, Richard D. (Richland, WA); Shaffer, Scott A. (Seattle, WA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Polyethylene fiber drawing optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymer fiber drawing creates fibers with enhanced thermal conductivity and strength compared to bulk polymer because drawing aligns the molecular chains. I optimize the polymer fiber drawing method in order to achieve ...

Chiloyan, Vazrik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Final Submission to Optimization and Engineering (Paper Number: OPTE 279 NA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), and Automobile Design (Bennet 1997). However, the traditional MDO generates deterministic optimal designs, which

Chen, Wei

425

PRIMAL AND DUAL METHODS FOR UNIT COMMITMENT IN A HYDRO-THERMAL POWER SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRIMAL AND DUAL METHODS FOR UNIT COMMITMENT IN A HYDRO-THERMAL POWER SYSTEM R. Gollmer1 , A. Moller comprising thermal and pumped-storage hydro units a large-scale mixed-integer optimization model is developed aims at the cost optimal scheduling of on/o decisions and output levels for generating units. The power

Römisch, Werner

426

Optimization as an Internet Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HIRON, developed by the Russian VasBo (or Practical Optimization) Club, solves nonlinear problems by means of a hybrid strategy of local and global methods.

2000-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

427

Investigation of a Novel NDE Method for Monitoring Thermomechanical Damage and Microstructure Evolution in Ferritic-Martensitic Steels for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal of the proposed project is the development of validated nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques for in situ monitoring of ferritic-martensitic steels like Grade 91 9Cr-1Mo, which are candidate materials for Generation IV nuclear energy structural components operating at temperatures up to ~650{degree}C and for steam-generator tubing for sodium-cooled fast reactors. Full assessment of thermomechanical damage requires a clear separation between thermally activated microstructural evolution and creep damage caused by simultaneous mechanical stress. Creep damage can be classified as "negligible" creep without significant plastic strain and "ordinary" creep of the primary, secondary, and tertiary kind that is accompanied by significant plastic deformation and/or cavity nucleation and growth. Under negligible creep conditions of interest in this project, minimal or no plastic strain occurs, and the accumulation of creep damage does not significantly reduce the fatigue life of a structural component so that low-temperature design rules, such as the ASME Section III, Subsection NB, can be applied with confidence. The proposed research project will utilize a multifaceted approach in which the feasibility of electrical conductivity and thermo-electric monitoring methods is researched and coupled with detailed post-thermal/creep exposure characterization of microstructural changes and damage processes using state-of-the-art electron microscopy techniques, with the aim of establishing the most effective nondestructive materials evaluation technique for particular degradation modes in high-temperature alloys that are candidates for use in the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) as well as providing the necessary mechanism-based underpinnings for relating the two. Only techniques suitable for practical application in situ will be considered. As the project evolves and results accumulate, we will also study the use of this technique for monitoring other GEN IV materials. Through the results obtained from this integrated materials behavior and NDE study, new insight will be gained into the best nondestructive creep and microstructure monitoring methods for the particular mechanisms identified in these materials. The proposed project includes collaboration with a national laboratory partner and the results will also serve as a foundation to guide the efforts of scientists in the DOE laboratory, university, and industrial communities concerned with the technological challenges of monitoring creep and microstructural evolution in materials planned to be used in Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems.

Nagy, Peter

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

428

Optimization methods for protein folding.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Diese Diplomarbeit beschäftigt sich mit der mathematische Vorhersage von der tertiär Struktur Proteinen. Das Hauptteil ist eine Selbstversuch, Proteinstruktur mittels Optimierung zu vorhersagen. Nach einer… (more)

Burger, Virginia Margaret

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Projection methods in conic optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supposed to be a correlation matrix but for a variety of reasons is not. For example ..... A simple Matlab implementation has been made publicly available together ..... the stable number ?(G) of a graph G and the chromatic number ?( ¯G

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

430

Optimal Filtering, Methods AUTOMATIC CONTROL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SYSTEMS 7Updating Pi By use of the generalized Stoke's identity the update can be done as Ki+1 = Ki - FLiR

Gustafsson, Fredrik

431

NUMERICAL OPTIMIZATION METHODS FOR BLIND ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data fusion) [6, 16], cryo-EM microscopy imaging [9, 10, 15, 22, 25, 28], and in seismic imaging applications [13]. Given the data b and the mapping A(·), the aim

2012-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

432

APPLICATION OF A DAMPED LOCALLY OPTIMIZED COMBINATION OF IMAGES METHOD TO THE SPECTRAL CHARACTERIZATION OF FAINT COMPANIONS USING AN INTEGRAL FIELD SPECTROGRAPH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-contrast imaging instruments are now being equipped with integral field spectrographs (IFSs) to facilitate the detection and characterization of faint substellar companions. Algorithms currently envisioned to handle IFS data, such as the Locally Optimized Combination of Images (LOCI) algorithm, rely on aggressive point-spread function (PSF) subtraction, which is ideal for initially identifying companions but results in significantly biased photometry and spectroscopy owing to unwanted mixing with residual starlight. This spectrophotometric issue is further complicated by the fact that algorithmic color response is a function of the companion's spectrum, making it difficult to calibrate the effects of the reduction without using iterations involving a series of injected synthetic companions. In this paper, we introduce a new PSF calibration method, which we call 'damped LOCI', that seeks to alleviate these concerns. By modifying the cost function that determines the weighting coefficients used to construct PSF reference images, and also forcing those coefficients to be positive, it is possible to extract companion spectra with a precision that is set by calibration of the instrument response and transmission of the atmosphere, and not by post-processing. We demonstrate the utility of this approach using on-sky data obtained with the Project 1640 IFS at Palomar. Damped LOCI does not require any iterations on the underlying spectral type of the companion, nor does it rely on priors involving the chromatic and statistical properties of speckles. It is a general technique that can readily be applied to other current and planned instruments that employ IFSs.

Pueyo, Laurent [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 366 Bloomberg Center, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Crepp, Justin R.; Hinkley, Sasha; Hillenbrand, Lynne; Dekany, Richard; Bouchez, Antonin; Roberts, Jenny [California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Vasisht, Gautam; Roberts, Lewis C.; Shao, Mike; Burruss, Rick [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Brenner, Douglas; Oppenheimer, Ben R.; Zimmerman, Neil [American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 (United States); Parry, Ian [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Rd., Cambridge, CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Beichman, Charles [NASA Exoplanet Science Institute, 770 S. Wilson Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91225 (United States); Soummer, Remi, E-mail: lap@pha.jhu.edu [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Marin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Double Smoothing Technique for Constrained Convex Optimization ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction. In large-scale convex optimization, first-order methods are the .... our work, the function that we optimize using a first-order method and that has the.

2011-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

434

Parametric optimization of hybrid car engines (Final version, published in Optimization and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parametric optimization of hybrid car engines (Final version, published in Optimization the problem of optimal design of hybrid car engines which combine thermal and electric power. The optimal a nonconvex nonsmooth optimization problem with a bundle method. Keywords: Hybrid car engines, bilevel

Bonnans, Frédéric

435

Chopped random-basis quantum optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we describe in detail the "Chopped RAndom Basis" (CRAB) optimal control technique recently introduced to optimize t-DMRG simulations [arXiv:1003.3750]. Here we study the efficiency of this control technique in optimizing different quantum processes and we show that in the considered cases we obtain results equivalent to those obtained via different optimal control methods while using less resources. We propose the CRAB optimization as a general and versatile optimal control technique.

Tommaso Caneva; Tommaso Calarco; Simone Montangero

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

436

Application of linear programming redispatch technique to dynamic generation allocation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper considers dispatch problems that involve the allocation of system generation optimally among generating units while tracking a load curve and observing power rate limits of the units, system spinning reserve requirements and other security constraints. Two methods are used in the solution of the problem. The first method is quadratic programming technique combined with a linear programming redispatch technique. The latter utilizes a linear programming formulation of the dynamic dispatch problem about the base case static economic dispatch solution. Tests and computer results on 4 systems of different combinations of units and intervals are given to show the advantages of the techniques proposed.

Somuah, C.B. (Dept. of Electrical Engr., KFUPM, Dhahran 31261 (SA)); Khunaizi, N. (Saudi Consolidated Electric Co., In the Eastern Province, Dammam (SA))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Method for generating a crystalline .sup.99 MoO.sub.3 product and the isolation .sup.99m Tc compositions therefrom  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved method for producing .sup.99m Tc compositions. .sup.100 Mo metal is irradiated with photons in a particle (electron) accelerator to produce .sup.99 Mo metal which is dissolved in a solvent. A solvated .sup.99 Mo product is then dried to generate a supply of .sup.99 MoO.sub.3 crystals. The crystals are thereafter heated at a temperature which will sublimate the crystals and form a gaseous mixture containing vaporized .sup.99m TcO.sub.3 and vaporized .sup.99m TcO.sub.2 but will not cause the production of vaporized .sup.99 MoO.sub.3. The mixture is then combined with an oxidizing gas to generate a gaseous stream containing vaporized .sup.99m Tc.sub.2 O.sub.7. Next, the gaseous stream is cooled to a temperature sufficient to convert the vaporized .sup.99m Tc.sub.2 O.sub.7 into a condensed .sup.99m Tc-containing product. The product has high purity levels resulting from the use of reduced temperature conditions and ultrafine crystalline .sup.99 MoO.sub.3 starting materials with segregated .sup.99m Tc compositions therein which avoid the production of vaporized .sup.99 MoO.sub.3 contaminants.

Bennett, Ralph G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Christian, Jerry D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kirkham, Robert J. (Blackfoot, ID); Tranter, Troy J. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Method for generating a crystalline {sup 99}MoO{sub 3} product and the isolation {sup 99m}Tc compositions therefrom  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved method is described for producing {sup 99m}Tc compositions. {sup 100}Mo metal is irradiated with photons in a particle (electron) accelerator to produce {sup 99}Mo metal which is dissolved in a solvent. A solvated {sup 99}Mo product is then dried to generate a supply of {sup 99}MoO{sub 3} crystals. The crystals are thereafter heated at a temperature which will sublimate the crystals and form a gaseous mixture containing vaporized {sup 99m}TcO{sub 3} and vaporized {sup 99m}TcO{sub 2} but will not cause the production of vaporized {sup 99}MoO{sub 3}. The mixture is then combined with an oxidizing gas to generate a gaseous stream containing vaporized {sup 99m}Tc{sub 2}O{sub 7}. Next, the gaseous stream is cooled to a temperature sufficient to convert the vaporized {sup 99m}Tc{sub 2}O{sub 7} into a condensed {sup 99m}Tc-containing product. The product has high purity levels resulting from the use of reduced temperature conditions and ultrafine crystalline {sup 99}MoO{sub 3} starting materials with segregated {sup 99m}Tc compositions therein which avoid the production of vaporized {sup 99}MoO{sub 3} contaminants. 1 fig.

Bennett, R.G.; Christian, J.D.; Kirkham, R.J.; Tranter, T.J.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Vector Quantization Codebook Generation Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cockshott,P. Lambert,R.B. US patent 6438268 International Patent Application publication no wo 98/18262 Publication date 30 april 1998; Application no pct/gb97/02841

Cockshott, P.; Lambert, R.B.; US patent 6438268 International Patent Application publication no wo 98/18262 Publication date 30 april 1998; Application no pct/gb97/02841 [More Details

440

Optimization 1-1 Convex Optimization & Duality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimization 1-1 Convex Optimization & Duality EEN634, Spring 2007 BASED ON LECTURES GIVEN AT MIT and Princeton Department of ECE, UMiami Optimization 1-2 #12;2 Optimization 1-3 Optimization 1-4 #12;3 Optimization 1-5 Optimization 1-6 #12;4 Optimization 1-7 Optimization 1-8 #12;5 Optimization 1-9 Optimization 1

Fan, Xingzhe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Nuclear Energy Density Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We carry out state-of-the-art optimization of a nuclear energy density of Skyrme type in the framework of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) theory. The particle-hole and particle-particle channels are optimized simultaneously, and the experimental data set includes both spherical and deformed nuclei. The new model-based, derivative-free optimization algorithm used in this work has been found to be significantly better than standard optimization methods in terms of reliability, speed, accuracy, and precision. The resulting parameter set UNEDFpre results in good agreement with experimental masses, radii, and deformations and seems to be free of finite-size instabilities. An estimate of the reliability of the obtained parameterization is given, based on standard statistical methods. We discuss new physics insights offered by the advanced covariance analysis.

M. Kortelainen; T. Lesinski; J. Moré; W. Nazarewicz; J. Sarich; N. Schunck; M. V. Stoitsov; S. Wild

2010-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

442

Assessment of Distributed Generation Potential in JapaneseBuildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To meet growing energy demands, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and on-site generation coupled with effective utilization of exhaust heat will all be required. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems (or microgrids). This research investigates a method of choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installed equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads can be served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, and cooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined and DER-CAM applied to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation is presented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were most noticeable in the sports facility (a very favourable CHP site), followed by the hospital, hotel, and office building.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

443

Optimizing Control- A Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

timation Int. J. of Sy,tems Science, 17,No 8, (1986), 1220 C ; Sec comments to Brdys et al. 10 Cutler C.R. & Perry ILT. Rea.l Time Optimization with Multivll.riable Control is Required to Maximize Profits Computcr.! and Chemical Enginccring, 1, No 5....) the constraints .s (K ,11. ,E.) ~ Q where In geneml, the solution to this problem is an optimal control problem since the inputs.ll would be calculated llll a function of time. Optimizing control methods make~ some simplifying 1.18 sumptions about...

Preisig, H. A.

444

A matrix generation approach for eigenvalue optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1: Graph of the maximum eigenvalue of the affine combination of. symmetric ...... “C++” to compute the Gram matrix and then imported it to MATLAB by.

445

Column Generation for Extended Formulations - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 8, 2011 ... reformulation in order to define a good quality outer approximation of the .... extends to the case where one only has a good reformulation in an ..... by inspection. ..... the formulation is kept under control by way of managing its variables .... ming solution as a hyper-path (associated to a unit flow incoming to

2011-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

446

Optimal Power Dispatch via Multistage Stochastic Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mathematical models for cost-optimal power scheduling in hydro-thermal systems often combine several di cultiesOptimal Power Dispatch via Multistage Stochastic Programming M.P. Nowak1 and W. Romisch1 Abstract. The short-term cost-optimal dispatch of electric power in a generation sys- tem under uncertain electricity

Römisch, Werner

447

Optimization Online - Optimal Design of Electrical Machines ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 8, 2011 ... Optimal Design of Electrical Machines: Mathematical Programming ... Science and Engineering (Multidisciplinary Design Optimization ).

Sonia Cafieri

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

448

OPTIMIZATION TOPICS LIST Revised April 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 OPTIMIZATION TOPICS LIST Revised April 2012 For Fall 2012 and Spring 2013 we will adopt. Bertsimas and J. Tsitsiklis, Introduction to Linear Optimization, Athena Scientific, 1997 2. M. C. Ferris, O and mixed integer models · Existence of optimal solutions, optimality conditions · Branch and bound methods

Radeloff, Volker C.

449

March 23, 1997 GEOMETRY OPTIMIZATION \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 23, 1997 GEOMETRY OPTIMIZATION \\Lambda Tamar Schlick The Howard Hughes Medical Institute algorithm, large­scale optimization, line search, Newton's method, nonlinear optimization, quasi; Contents 1 Introduction 5 2 Basic Definitions of Optimization Problems 6 2.1 Problem Formulation

Schlick, Tamar

450

Direct optimization overly optimizes data Kazunori Yoshizawa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPINION Direct optimization overly optimizes data Kazunori Yoshizawa Systematic Entomology optimization is a criterion that recognizes sequence alignment and tree search as a single epistemological optimization criterion, all data partitions are combined and optimized simultaneously along with the same tree

Yoshizawa, Kazunori

451

Optimal Motion Planning for Humanoid Robots Antonio El Khoury, Florent Lamiraux and Michel Taix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is an ubiquitous task in both industrial and humanoid robotics. Numerous examples of successful roboticOptimal Motion Planning for Humanoid Robots Antonio El Khoury, Florent Lamiraux and Michel Ta method to automatically generate minimum bounding capsules around exact robot body geometries represented

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

452

E-Print Network 3.0 - algorithmic decision optimization Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

numerical optimization, SQP filter algorithms... decisions, and the numerical simulation and optimization methods used for solving the problem. The paper... ....

453

Euler's fluid equations: Optimal Control vs Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An optimization method used in image-processing (metamorphosis) is found to imply Euler's equations for incompressible flow of an inviscid fluid, without requiring that the Lagrangian particle labels exactly follow the flow lines of the Eulerian velocity vector field. Thus, an optimal control problem and an optimization problem for incompressible ideal fluid flow both yield the \\emph {same} Euler fluid equations, although their Lagrangian parcel dynamics are \\emph{different}. This is a result of the \\emph{gauge freedom} in the definition of the fluid pressure for an incompressible flow, in combination with the symmetry of fluid dynamics under relabeling of their Lagrangian coordinates. Similar ideas are also illustrated for SO(N) rigid body motion.

Darryl D. Holm

2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

454

Performing aggressive code optimization with an ability to rollback changes made by the aggressive optimizations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Mechanisms for aggressively optimizing computer code are provided. With these mechanisms, a compiler determines an optimization to apply to a portion of source code and determines if the optimization as applied to the portion of source code will result in unsafe optimized code that introduces a new source of exceptions being generated by the optimized code. In response to a determination that the optimization is an unsafe optimization, the compiler generates an aggressively compiled code version, in which the unsafe optimization is applied, and a conservatively compiled code version in which the unsafe optimization is not applied. The compiler stores both versions and provides them for execution. Mechanisms are provided for switching between these versions during execution in the event of a failure of the aggressively compiled code version. Moreover, predictive mechanisms are provided for predicting whether such a failure is likely.

Gschwind, Michael K

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

455

Engineering Optimization Vol. 36, No. 4, August 2004, 419438  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering Optimization Vol. 36, No. 4, August 2004, 419­438 MODE-PURSUING SAMPLING METHOD FOR GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION ON EXPENSIVE BLACK-BOX FUNCTIONS LIQUN WANGa , SONGQING SHANb and G. GARY WANGb efficient global optimization methods. This article proposes a new global optimization method for black

Wang,Liqun

456

Typed Self-Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 and 26. APPENDIX B Optimizations Included in thisappendix are the three optimization steps which together

Brown, Matt

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Optimal quantum multi-parameter estimation and application to dipole- and exchange-coupled qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of quantum multi-parameter estimation with experimental constraints and formulate the solution in terms of a convex optimization. Specifically, we outline an efficient method to identify the optimal strategy for estimating multiple unknown parameters of a quantum process and apply this method to a realistic example. The example is two electron spin qubits coupled through the dipole and exchange interactions with unknown coupling parameters -- explicitly, the position vector relating the two qubits and the magnitude of the exchange interaction are unknown. This coupling Hamiltonian generates a unitary evolution which, when combined with arbitrary single-qubit operations, produces a universal set of quantum gates. However, the unknown parameters must be known precisely to generate high-fidelity gates. We use the Cram\\'er-Rao bound on the variance of a point estimator to construct the optimal series of experiments to estimate these free parameters, and present a complete analysis of the optimal experimental configuration. Our method of transforming the constrained optimal parameter estimation problem into a convex optimization is powerful and widely applicable to other systems.

Kevin C. Young; Mohan Sarovar; Robert Kosut; K. Birgitta Whaley

2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

458

Jrgen Bauck Jensen Optimal Operation of Refrigera-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and compared with the Tmin-method. Considering the large amount of work that goes into the design of LNG LNG process is used as an example for optimal design and optimal operation of LNG processes

Skogestad, Sigurd

459

Optimization Online - Applications — Science and Engineering ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applications — Science and Engineering Submissions - 2012 ... Victor M Zavala, Antonio Flores-Tlacuahuac. Statistics Interior Point Methods for Optimal ... A new Search via Probability Algorithm for solving Engineering Optimization Problems

460

1. Generation 1 1. Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Generation 1 _________________________________________________________________________ 1. Generation Sound and vibrations or, in more general terms, oscillations of matter (solids or fluids) are generated in many different dynamic processes. The basic mechanisms which underlie these oscillations

Berlin,Technische Universität

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

MIME 6740/8740 Optimization Theory and Applications Fall 2014 Description: The course will cover fundamental concepts of optimization and numerical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIME 6740/8740 Optimization Theory and Applications Fall 2014 ________________________________________________________________________________________ Description: The course will cover fundamental concepts of optimization and numerical methods for solving optimization problems. It will present applications of optimization in mechanical and industrial engineering

Nikolaidis, Efstratios

462

Fighting dephasing noise with robust optimal control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address the experimentally relevant problem of robust mitigation of dephasing noise acting on a qubit. We first present an extension of a method for representing $1/\\omega^{\\alpha}$ noise developed by Kuopanportti et al. to the efficient representation of arbitrary Markovian noise. We then add qubit control pulses to enable the design of numerically optimized, two-dimensional control functions with bounded amplitude, that are capable of decoupling the qubit from the dephasing effects of a broad variety of Markovian noise spectral densities during arbitrary one qubit quantum operations. We illustrate the method with development of numerically optimized control pulse sequences that minimize decoherence due to a combination of $1/\\omega$ and constant offset noise sources. Comparison with the performance of standard dynamical decoupling protocols shows that the numerically optimized pulse sequences are considerably more robust with respect to the noise offset, rendering them attractive for application to situations where homogeneous dephasing noise sources are accompanied by some extent of heterogeneous dephasing. Application to the mitigation of dephasing noise on spin qubits in silicon indicates that high fidelity single qubit gates are possible with current pulse generation technology.

Kevin C. Young; Dylan J Gorman; K. Birgitta Whaley

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

463

A probabilistic evolutionary optimization approach to compute quasiparticle braids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Topological quantum computing is an alternative framework for avoiding the quantum decoherence problem in quantum computation. The problem of executing a gate in this framework can be posed as the problem of braiding quasiparticles. Because these are not Abelian, the problem can be reduced to finding an optimal product of braid generators where the optimality is defined in terms of the gate approximation and the braid's length. In this paper we propose the use of different variants of estimation of distribution algorithms to deal with the problem. Furthermore, we investigate how the regularities of the braid optimization problem can be translated into statistical regularities by means of the Boltzmann distribution. We show that our best algorithm is able to produce many solutions that approximates the target gate with an accuracy in the order of $10^{-6}$, and have lengths up to 9 times shorter than those expected from braids of the same accuracy obtained with other methods.

Roberto Santana; Ross B. McDonald; Helmut G. Katzgraber

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

464

Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

465

Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

466

Optimization Online - Global Optimization Submissions - 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

467

Optimization Online - Global Optimization Submissions - 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

468

Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

469

Optimization Online - Combinatorial Optimization Submissions - 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.

470

Fuel cell generator energy dissipator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method are disclosed for eliminating the chemical energy of fuel remaining in a fuel cell generator when the electrical power output of the fuel cell generator is terminated. During a generator shut down condition, electrically resistive elements are automatically connected across the fuel cell generator terminals in order to draw current, thereby depleting the fuel

Veyo, Stephen Emery (Murrysville, PA); Dederer, Jeffrey Todd (Valencia, PA); Gordon, John Thomas (Ambridge, PA); Shockling, Larry Anthony (Pittsburgh, PA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Distributed Optimization System  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A search system and method for controlling multiple agents to optimize an objective using distributed sensing and cooperative control. The search agent can be one or more physical agents, such as a robot, and can be software agents for searching cyberspace. The objective can be: chemical sources, temperature sources, radiation sources, light sources, evaders, trespassers, explosive sources, time dependent sources, time independent sources, function surfaces, maximization points, minimization points, and optimal control of a system such as a communication system, an economy, a crane, and a multi-processor computer.

Hurtado, John E. (Albuquerque, NM); Dohrmann, Clark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Robinett, III, Rush D. (Tijeras, NM)

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

472

Ortho n+1 - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 12, 2012 ... method produces a limit point that satisfies some necessary optimality conditions, and that these conditions ...... 6.2 A pump-and-treat groundwater remediation problem .... Advances in Water Resources, 31(5):743–757, 2008.

Andrea Ianni

2012-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

473

Optimization of Air Conditioning Cycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on a 3-ton residential air conditioner are then presented to intuitively understand the effect of expansion valve and evaporator fan cycling in a real system. A real time optimization method is explored and the feasibility, recommendations for a...

Seshadri, Swarooph

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

474

Wind power generating system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Normally feathered propeller blades of a wind power generating system unfeather in response to the actuation of a power cylinder that responds to actuating signals. Once operational, the propellers generate power over a large range of wind velocities. A maximum power generation design point signals a feather response of the propellers so that once the design point is reached no increase in power results, but the system still generates power. At wind speeds below this maximum point, propeller speed and power output optimize to preset values. The propellers drive a positive displacement pump that in turn drives a positive displacement motor of the swash plate type. The displacement of the motor varies depending on the load on the system, with increasing displacement resulting in increasing propeller speeds, and the converse. In the event of dangerous but not clandestine problems developing in the system, a control circuit dumps hydraulic pressure from the unfeathering cylinder resulting in a predetermined, lower operating pressure produced by the pump. In the event that a problem of potentially cladestine consequence arises, the propeller unfeathering cylinder immediately unloads. Upon startup, a bypass around the motor is blocked, applying a pressure across the motor. The motor drives the generator until the generator reaches a predetermined speed whereupon the generator is placed in circuit with a utility grid and permitted to motor up to synchronous speed.

Schachle, Ch.; Schachle, E. C.; Schachle, J. R.; Schachle, P. J.

1985-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

475

ONLINE OPTIMIZATION AND SELECTION OF MEASUREMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

117 Chapter 7 ON­LINE OPTIMIZATION AND SELECTION OF MEASUREMENTS This is the last of three chapters that discuss optimal operation of a general heat exchanger network. A method that combines the use of steady state optimization and decentralized feedback control is proposed. A general steady state model

Skogestad, Sigurd

476

Design of Optimal Regulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current research suggests the use of a liner quadratic performance index for optimal control of regulators in various applications. Some examples include correcting the trajectory of rocket and air vehicles, vibration suppression of flexible structures, and airplane stability. In all these cases, the focus is in suppressing/decreasing system deviations rapidly. However, if one compares the Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) solution with optimal solutions (minimum time), it is seen that the LQR solution is less than optimal in some cases indeed (3-6) times that obtained using a minimum time solution. Moreover, the LQR solution is sometimes unacceptable in practice due to the fact that values of control extend beyond admissible limits and thus the designer must choose coefficients in the linear quadratic form, which are unknown. The authors suggest methods which allow finding a quasi-optimal LQR solution with bounded control which is closed to the minimum time solution. They also remand the process of the minimum time decision. Keywords: Optimal regulator, minimum time controller, Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR). -- This paper is declared a work of the U.S. Government and not subject to copyright protection in the USA. The manuscript is accepted as paper AIAA-2003-6638 by 2nd AIAA Unmanned Unlimited Systems, Technologies, and Operations-Aerospace, Land, and See Conference and Workshop - Exhibit, San Diego, California, USA, 15-18 Sep. 2003.

Alexander Bolonkin; Robert Sierakowski

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

477

Relaxing the Optimality Conditions of Box QP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 23, 2007 ... Proof. The argument is based on examining an optimal solution for the dual of ..... Numerical methods for large-scale non-convex quadratic pro-.

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

478

Tensor Principal Component Analysis via Convex Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 9, 2012 ... optimization under a rank-one constraint, for which we propose two solution methods: (1) imposing a nuclear norm penalty in the objective to ...

2012-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

479

Optimization Online - Stochastic Programming Submissions - 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Suvrajeet Sen, Yifan Liu. A Stochastic Quasi-Newton Method for Large-Scale Optimization Richard Byrd, Samantha Hansen, Jorge Nocedal, Yoram Singer.

480

Stochastic Topology Design Optimization for Continuous Elastic ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and genetic algorithms for global optimization of microfluidic protein- folding devices, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engi- neering 66 (2) (

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generation optimization methods" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Matlab-based Optimization: Optimization Toolbox  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Matlab-based Optimization: the Optimization Toolbox Gene Cliff (AOE/ICAM - ecliff@vt.edu ) 3:00pm Engineering ICAM: Interdisciplinary Center for Applied Mathematics 1 / 37 #12;Matlab's Optimization Toolbox;Matlab's Optimization Toolbox Classifying Optimization Problems A Soup Can Example Intermezzo

Crawford, T. Daniel

482

Fuzzy Optimality and Evolutionary Multiobjective Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy Optimality and Evolutionary Multiobjective Optimization M. Farina and P. Amato. Pareto optimality is someway ineffective for optimization problems with several (more than three) objectives. In fact the Pareto optimal set tends to become a wide portion of the whole design domain search

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

483

Steam System Optimization : A Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The steam system optimization (generation, distribution, use and condensate return) offers a large opportunity for action to comply with the new levels of energy efficiency standards. Superior design and improved maintenance practices are the two...

Iordanova, N.; Venkatesan, V. V.; Calogero, M.

484

Optimization Online - All Areas Submissions - May 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Windy Prize-Collecting Rural Postman Problem: An Ant-Colony Based Heuristic ... Toward Scalable Stochastic Unit Commitment - Part 1: Load Scenario Generation ... An Optimization Approach to the Design of Multi-Size Heliostat fields

485

Dynamic Portfolio Optimization with Transaction Costs: Heuristics ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 10, 2010 ... With no transaction costs, the optimal investments typically depend on the investor's ... new gradient-based approach for generating penalties that exploits the ..... If the investor has a power utility function, the frictionless model ...

2011-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

486

Interconnection networks synthesis and optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesis and Optimization . . . . . . . . . . .1.Wire Style Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . B. PowerSynthesis and Optimization . 1. Overview . . . . . . . . . .

Zhu, Yi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 562 (2006) 401406 Generating a multi-line neutron beam using an electron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180, USA Received 3 January 2006; received in revised form 20 February discrete energy lines in the range 34­6200 eV is produced by using a 238 U filter in conjunction beams of discrete energies can be generated by using an electron linear accelerator in combination

Danon, Yaron

488

Optimization of neural network feedback control systems using automatic differentiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal control problems can be challenging to solve, whether using analytic or numerical methods. This thesis examines the application of an adjoint method for optimal feedback control, which combines various algorithmic ...

Rollins, Elizabeth, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

NET - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Online An E-Print Site for the Optimization Community. Network Optimization submissions; 2001 · 2003 · 2004 · 2005 · 2006 · 2007 · 2008 · 2009

490

FTN4 OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 1st Edition FTN4 OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES November 1979O. INTRODUCTION 1. COt1PILER OPTIMIZATIONS 2. SOURCE CODEcode. Most of these optimizations decrease central processor

Authors, Various

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Distributed Generation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

come a long way in addressing interconnection standards for distributed generation, utilities have largely overlooked the untapped potential of these resources. Under certain...

492

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L, editor. 11 th Annual Real Options Conference, Berkeley,from its utility. Using the real options approach, we find aDistributed Generation; Real Options; Optimal Investment;

Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

utility. Using the real options approach, we find naturalDistributed Generation; Real Options; Optimal Investment. 1.based microgrid via the real options approach to determine

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

New developments in the primal-dual column generation technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jan 25, 2011 ... Abstract: The classical column generation is based on optimal solutions of the restricted master problems. This strategy frequently results in an ...

Jacek Gondzio

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

495

Global Optimization of Generalized Semi-Infinite Programs via ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interval methods for generalized semi-infinite programs. International. Conference on Parametric Optimization and Related Topics (PARAOPT VIII), Cairo, Egypt, ...

Alexander Mitsos

2014-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

496

Manufacture of thermoelectric generator structures by fiber drawing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of manufacturing a thermoelectric generator via fiber drawing and corresponding or associated thermoelectric generator devices are provided.

McIntyre, Timothy J; Simpson, John T; West, David L

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

497

Apparatus and methods of reheating gas turbine cooling steam and high pressure steam turbine exhaust in a combined cycle power generating system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a combined cycle system having a multi-pressure heat recovery steam generator, a gas turbine and steam turbine, steam for cooling gas turbine components is supplied from the intermediate pressure section of the heat recovery steam generator supplemented by a portion of the steam exhausting from the HP section of the steam turbine, steam from the gas turbine cooling cycle and the exhaust from the HP section of the steam turbine are combined for flow through a reheat section of the HRSG. The reheated steam is supplied to the IP section inlet of the steam turbine. Thus, where gas turbine cooling steam temperature is lower than optimum, a net improvement in performance is achieved by flowing the cooling steam exhausting from the gas turbine and the exhaust steam from the high pressure section of the steam turbine in series through the reheater of the HRSG for applying steam at optimum temperature to the IP section of the steam turbine.

Tomlinson, Leroy Omar (Niskayuna, NY); Smith, Raub Warfield (Ballston Lake, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Optimization of carbon capture systems using surrogate models of simulated processes.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With increasing demand placed on power generation plants to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, processes to separate and capture CO2 for eventual sequestration are highly sought after. Carbon capture processes impart a parasitic load on the power plants; it is estimated that this would increase the cost of electricity from existing pulverized coal plants anywhere from 71-85 percent [1]. The National Energy and Technology Lab (NETL) is working to lower this to below a 30 percent increase. To reach this goal, work is being done not only to accurately simulate these processes, but also to leverage those accurate and detailed simulations to design optimal carbon capture processes. The major challenges include the lack of accurate algebraic models of the processes, computationally costly simulations, and insufficiently robust simulations. The first challenge bars the use of provable derivative-based optimization algorithms. The latter two can either lead to difficult or impossible direct derivative-free optimization. To overcome these difficulties, we take a more indirect method to solving this problem by, first, generating an accurate set of algebraic surrogate models from the simulation then using derivative-based solvers to optimize the surrogate models. We developed a method that uses derivative-based and derivative-free optimization alongside machine learning and statistical techniques to generate the set of low-complexity surrogate models using data sampled from detailed simulations. The models are validated and improved through the use of derivative-free solvers to adaptively sample new simulation points. The resulting surrogate models can then be used in a superstructure-based process synthesis and solved using derivative-based methods to optimize carbon capture processes.

Cozad, A.; Chang, Y.; Sahinidis, N.; Miller, D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Development and Testing of Manufacturing Methods for a Piezoelectric Composite Stacked Generator to Improve the Success Rate of Interbody Spinal Fusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the transverse processes. The current is supplied by an implantable battery pack placed in the soft tissue 5-10 cm away from the electrodes [8, 9]. While these devices have been clinically shown to increase fusion success, there are drawbacks to using such a... proven to be successful, but require the use of a battery to provide power. Removing the battery after fusion has occurred requires a second surgery. A piezoelectric composite stacked generator has been developed to provide electrical stimulation...

Tobaben, Eric

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

500

Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 2014. Constrained Nonlinear Optimization New active set identification for general constrained optimization and minimax problems. Jin-bao Jian, Yi Liu.