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1

Current Trends in General Psychology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE programme for the morning session on August 9 of Section J (Psychology) of the British Association consisted of three papers discussing tendencies in general ... ) of the British Association consisted of three papers discussing tendencies in general psychology. The discussion presents certain difficulties to anyone attempting to summarize it, in that the ...

J. DREVER

1951-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

2

General trend for pressurized superconducting hydrogen-dense materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The long-standing prediction that hydrogen can assume a metallic state under high pressure, combined with arguments put forward more recently that this state might even be superconducting up to high temperatures, continues to spur tremendous research activities toward the experimental realization of metallic hydrogen. These efforts have however so far been impeded by the enormous challenges associated with the exceedingly large required pressure. Hydrogen-dense materials, of the MH{sub 4} form (where M can be, e.g., Si, Ge, or Sn) or of the MH{sub 3} form (with M being, e.g., Al, Sc, Y, or La), allow for the rather exciting opportunity to carry out a proxy study of metallic hydrogen and associated high-temperature superconductivity at pressures within the reach of current techniques. At least one experimental report indicates that a superconducting state might have been observed already in SiH{sub 4}, and several theoretical studies have predicted superconductivity in pressurized hydrogen-rich materials; however, no systematic dependence on the applied pressure has yet been identified so far. In the present work, we have used first-principles methods in an attempt to predict the superconducting critical temperature (T{sub c}) as a function of pressure (P) for three metal-hydride systems of the MH{sub 3} form, namely ScH{sub 3}, YH{sub 3}, and LaH{sub 3}. By comparing the obtained results, we are able to point out a general trend in the T{sub c}-dependence on P. These gained insights presented here are likely to stimulate further theoretical studies of metallic phases of hydrogen-dense materials and should lead to new experimental investigations of their superconducting properties.

Kim, D. Y.; Scheicher, R. H.; Mao, Ho-kwang; Kang, T. W.; Ahuja, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Apparatus for downward transport of heat  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for the downward transport of heat by vaporization of a working fluid, usually from a collector which can be powered by the sun to a condenser which drains the condensed working fluid to a lower reservoir, is controled by a control valve which is operationally dependent upon the level of working fluid in either the lower reservoir or an upper reservoir which feeds the collector. Condensed working fluid is driven from the lower to the upper reservoir by vaporized working fluid whose flow is controled by the controll valve. The upper reservoir is in constant communication with the condenser which prevents a buildup in temperature/pressure as the apparatus goes through successive pumping cycles.

Neeper, D.A.; Hedstrom, J.C.

1985-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

4

An ubiquitous ~62 Myr periodic fluctuation superimposed on general trends in fossil biodiversity: Part I, Documentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use Fourier Analysis and related techniques to investigate the question of periodicities in fossil biodiversity. These techniques are able to identify cycles superimposed on the long-term trends of the Phanerozoic. We review prior results and analyze data previously reduced and published. Joint time series analysis of various reductions of the Sepkoski Data, Paleobiology Database, and Fossil Record 2 indicate the same periodicity in biodiversity of marine animals at 62 Myr. We have not found this periodicity in the terrestrial fossil record. We have found that the signal strength decreases with time because of the accumulation of apparently "resistant" long-lived genera. The existence of a 62 Myr periodicity despite very different treatment of systematic error, particularly sampling-strength biases, in all three major databases strongly argues for its reality in the fossil record.

Melott, Adrian L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

An ubiquitous ~62 Myr periodic fluctuation superimposed on general trends in fossil biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A 62 Myr periodicity is superimposed on other longer-term trends in fossil biodiversity. This cycle can be discerned in marine data based on the Sepkoski compendium, the Paleobiology Database, and the Fossil Record 2. The signal also exists in changes in sea level/sediment, but is much weaker than in biodiversity itself. A significant excess of 19 previously identified Phanerozoic mass extinctions occur on the declining phase of the 62 Myr cycle. appearance of the signal in sampling-standardized biodiversity data, it is likely not to be a sampling artifact, but either a consequence of sea-level changes or an additional effect of some common cause for them both. In either case, it is intriguing why both changes would have a regular pattern.

Melott, A L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Geological structures from downward continuation of gravity anomalies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operator and two grid spacings (2 and 4 km), the depth to the upper surface of the source is about 4 km, with the center of' mass located at about 8 km. Comparison of these results with those for a sphere yield a density contrast of 0. 3 g/cc . Both... km 18. Downward-continuation residual gravity map and profile at the depth of 6 km. Contours in mGals. Grid spacing 4 km by 4 km 19. Downward-continuation residual gravity map and profile at the depth of 8 km. Contours in mGals. Grid spacing 4 km...

Yao, Chia-Chi George

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

7

Wind Power Price Trends in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

should eventually help wind power regain the downward priceModern Energy Review] Wind Power Price Trends in the Unitedled the world in adding new wind power capacity in 2008, and

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Recent Trends in Crude Oil Stock Levels  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J 0 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Average Range: 1993-1995 Recent Trends in Crude Oil Stock Levels by Aileen A. Bohn Energy Information Administration (EIA) data for March 1996 primary inventories of crude oil were the lowest recorded in almost 20 years. Crude oil inventories, which were generally on a downward trend since the beginning of 1995, fell below the average range in July 1995 and have yet to recover (Figure FE1). On September 27, 1996, crude oil stocks registered 303 million barrels, compared to a normal range of nearly 311 to 332 million barrels for September. 1 Low crude oil inventories can cause price volatility in crude oil markets. 2 When inventories are low, refiners resort to

9

Shape resonances in ground-state diatomic molecules: General trends and the example of RbCs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presence of shape resonances due to tunneling through the centrifugal barrier modifies strongly the dynamics of cold atom scattering. As shown on the example of the ground and lowest triplet electronic states of the {sup 85}Rb{sup 133}Cs molecule, the crucial parameter is, as usual for cold collisions, the scattering length. A general description of shape resonances of diatomic molecules is given from three simple single channel asymptotic models, whose respective performances are discussed. The first model, which consists of a R{sup -6} potential limited at short range by a repulsive wall, positioned to reproduce the s-wave scattering length, accounts satisfactorily for the main system-independent properties of shape resonances. Introduction in the model of energy- and angular-momentum-dependent nodal lines specific to the inner part of the potential greatly improves its efficiency. When the energy and angular momentum dependence of the nodal lines cannot be deduced from full potential calculations or from experiment, a rough, but universal, estimate of these properties is obtained by extending the R{sup -6} behavior of the potential up to the origin.

Londono, B. E. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 67 No. 53-108, AA 1226, Medellin (Colombia); Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Batiment 505, Universite Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Mahecha, J. E. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 67 No. 53-108, AA 1226, Medellin (Colombia); Luc-Koenig, E.; Crubellier, A. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Batiment 505, Universite Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

Can Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Put Downward Pressure on Natural Gas Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RE and EE may also put downward pressure on coal prices, theelasticity of coal prices to altered demand conditions isthe impact of RE and EE on coal prices is probably modest

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Effect of a surface boundary layer on an intensifying, downward-propagating vortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF A SURFACE BOUNDARY LAYER ON AN INTENSIFYING, DOWNWARD-PROPAGATING VORTEX A Thesis by VINCENT TUNSTALL WOOD Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1977 Major Subject: Meteorology EFFECT OF A SURFACE BOUNDARY LAYER ON AN INTENSIFYING, DOWNWARD-PROPAGATING VORTEX A Thesis by VINCENT TUNSTALL WOOD Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department...

Wood, Vincent Tunstall

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

12

Downward current electron beam observed by Cluster and FAST Andrew N. Wright,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Downward current electron beam observed by Cluster and FAST Andrew N. Wright,1 Christopher J. Owen and 0.05 mAmĂ?2 , respectively, and j/B is conserved along a current filament. Citation: Wright, A. N., C.g., Temerin and Carlson [1998] and Cran-McGreehin and Wright [2005a, 2005b]. However, other events seem

California at Berkeley, University of

13

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption This report presents an analysis of residential natural gas consumption trends in the United States through 2009 and analyzes consumption trends for the United States as a whole (1990 through 2009) and for each Census Division (1998 through 2009). It examines a long-term downward per- customer consumption trend and analyzes whether this trend persists across Census Divisions. The report also examines some of the factors that have contributed to the decline in per-customer consumption. To provide a more meaningful measure of per-customer consumption, EIA adjusted consumption data presented in the report for weather. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to Lejla Alic at Lejla.Alic@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-0858.

14

Prices & Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. Learn about EIA and Energy Department organizations that track energy prices and trends.

15

Downward Muon Intensity at Surface dI 0 (E 0 ; cos )  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Downward Muon Intensity at Surface dI #22;0 (E #22;0 ; cos #18;) dE #22;0 = 0:14 #1; E #22;0 #1; 0, Review of Particle Physics, 2000, p.150 Track Muons Through Rock: #15; Vertical depth 6010 metres water equivalent #15; Track with Muon Simulation Code (MUSIC) Ref: P. Antonioli, C. Ghetti, E. V. Korolkova, V. A

Learned, John

16

A satellite view of the radiative impact of clouds on surface downward fluxes in the Tibetan Plateau  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using thirteen years of satellite observations for the Tibetan Plateau, we investigate and quantify the sensitivities (or partial derivatives) of daytime surface downward shortwave and longwave fluxes with respect to changes in cloud cover and ...

C. M. Naud; I. Rangwala; M. Xu; J. R. Miller

17

A ubiquitous ~62 Myr periodic fluctuation superimposed on general trends in fossil biodiversity: II, Evolutionary dynamics associated with periodic fluctuation in marine diversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate evolutionary dynamics related to periodicity fossil biodiversity. Coherent periodic fluctuation in origination/extinction of marine genera that survive 45 million years) do not participate in the periodic fluctuation in diversity and differ from those of "short-lived" genera. The difference between the evolutionary dynamics of these 2 genera classes indicates that the periodic pattern is not an artifact of variation in quality of the geologic record. The interplay of these two previously undifferentiated systems, together with the secular increase in abundance of "long-lived" genera, is probably the source of heretofore unexplained differences in evolutionary dynamics between the Paleozoic and post-Paleozoic as reported by others. Testing for cycles similar to the 62 Myr cycle in fossil biodiversity superimposed on the long-term trends of the Phanerozoic as described in Paper I, we find a significant (but weaker) signal in sedimentary rock packages, particularly carbonates, which suggests a con...

Melott, Adrian L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

TRENDS in Chemical Marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TRENDS in Chemical Marketing ... BEFORE any chemical sales organization, can meet or establish new trends in marketing, it must be completely aware of the problem it faces. ...

W. M. RUSSELL

1955-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

19

Critical heat flux (CHF) phenomenon on a downward facing curved surface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a theoretical and experimental study of the boundary layer boiling and critical heat flux phenomena on a downward facing curved heating surface, including both hemispherical and toroidal surfaces. A subscale boundary layer boiling (SBLB) test facility was developed to measure the spatial variation of the critical heat flux and observe the underlying mechanisms. Transient quenching and steady-state boiling experiments were performed in the SBLB facility under both saturated and subcooled conditions to obtain a complete database on the critical heat flux. To complement the experimental effort, an advanced hydrodynamic CHF model was developed from the conservation laws along with sound physical arguments. The model provides a clear physical explanation for the spatial variation of the CHF observed in the SBLB experiments and for the weak dependence of the CHF data on the physical size of the vessel. Based upon the CHF model, a scaling law was established for estimating the local critical heat flux on the outer surface of a heated hemispherical vessel that is fully submerged in water. The scaling law, which compares favorably with all the available local CHF data obtained for various vessel sizes, can be used to predict the local CHF limits on large commercial-size vessels. This technical information represents one of the essential elements that is needed in assessing the efficacy of external cooling of core melt by cavity flooding as a severe accident management strategy. 83 figs., 3 tabs.

Cheung, F.B.; Haddad, K.H.; Liu, Y.C. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

The self-consistent parallel electric field due to electrostatic ion-cyclotron turbulence in downward auroral-current regions of the Earth's magnetosphere. IV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physical processes that determine the self-consistent electric field (E{sub ||}) parallel to the magnetic field have been an unresolved problem in magnetospheric physics for over 40 years. Recently, a new multimoment fluid theory was developed for inhomogeneous, nonuniformly magnetized plasma in the guiding-center and gyrotropic approximation that includes the effect of electrostatic, turbulent, wave-particle interactions (see Jasperse et al. [Phys. Plasmas 13, 072903 (2006); ibid.13, 112902 (2006)]). In the present paper and its companion paper [Jasperse et al., Phys. Plasmas 17, 062903 (2010)], which are intended as sequels to the earlier work, a fundamental model for downward, magnetic field-aligned (Birkeland) currents for quasisteady conditions is presented. The model includes the production of electrostatic ion-cyclotron turbulence in the long-range potential region by an electron, bump-on-tail-driven ion-cyclotron instability. Anomalous momentum transfer (anomalous resistivity) by itself is found to produce a very small contribution to E{sub ||}; however, the presence of electrostatic, ion-cyclotron turbulence has a very large effect on the altitude dependence of the entire quasisteady solution. Anomalous energy transfer (anomalous heating and cooling) modifies the density, drift, and temperature altitude profiles and hence the generalized parallel-pressure gradients and mirror forces in the electron and ion momentum-balance equations. As a result, |E{sub ||}| is enhanced by nearly a factor of 40 compared to its value when turbulence is absent. The space-averaged potential increase associated with the strong double layer at the bottom of the downward-current sheet is estimated using the FAST satellite data and the multimoment fluid theory.

Jasperse, John R.; Basu, Bamandas [Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate, Hanscom AFB, Massachusetts 01731 (United States); Lund, Eric J. [Space Science Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824 (United States); Grossbard, Neil [Institute for Scientific Research, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 02467 (United States)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil market. Will world oil demand increase and, if so, by how much? How will world oil prices be affected

22

Dynamic modeling of a single-stage downward firing, entrained flow gasifier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gasifier is the heart of the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), a technology that has emerged as an attractive alternative to conventional coal-fired power plant technology due to its higher efficiency and cleaner environmental performance especially with the option of CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration. Understanding the optimal performance of the gasifier is therefore paramount for the efficient operation of IGCC power plants. Numerous gasifier models of varying complexity have been developed to study the various aspects of gasifier performance. These range from simple one-dimensional (1D) process-type models to rigorous higher order 2-3D models based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Whereas high-fidelity CFD models can accurately predict most key aspects of gasifier performance, they are computationally expensive and typically take hours to days to execute on high-performance computers. Therefore, faster 1D partial differential equation (PDE)-based models are required for use in dynamic simulation studies, control system analysis, and training applications. A number of 1D gasifier models can be found in the literature, but most are steady-state models that have limited application in the practical operation of the gasifier. As a result, 1D PDE-based dynamic models are needed to further study and predict gasifier performance under a wide variety of process conditions and disturbances. In the current study, a 1D transient model of a single-stage downward-fired GE/Texaco-type entrained-flow gasifier has been developed. The model comprises mass, momentum and energy balances for the gas and solid phases. The model considers the initial gasification processes of water evaporation and coal devolatilization. In addition, the key heterogeneous and homogeneous chemical reactions have been modeled. The resulting time-dependent PDE model is solved using the well-known method of lines approach in Aspen Custom Modeler®, whereby the PDEs in the spatial domain are discretized and the resulting differential algebraic equations (DAEs) are then integrated over time using a dynamic integrator. The dynamic response results of the gasifier performance parameters to certain disturbances commonly encountered during practical operation are presented. These disturbances include ramp and step changes to input variables such as coal flow rate, oxygen-to-coal ratio and water-to-coal ratio among others. Comparison of model predictions to available dynamic data will also be discussed.

Kasule, J., Turton, R., Bhattacharyya, D., Zitney, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Authoritarianism in the Netherlands: Mission Completed? Downward Trends in Authoritarianism in the Netherlands 1970-1992 with an International Comparison of World Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three basic hypotheses on authoritarianism in The Netherlands areproposed. A composite Middendorp dataset was used, that included five national random samples in The Netherlands: 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985and 1992. The first hypothesis maintains...

Meloen, Jos D.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

An Experimental Study of Upward and Downward Flow of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide in a Straight Pipe Heat Exchanger with Constant Wall Heat Flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental analysis was conducted on a single circular tube heat exchanger using supercritical carbon dioxide as the working fluid. The heat exchanger was operated in two different orientations: vertically upward and downward. The experimental...

Umrigar, Eric Dara

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Downdip Yegua trend - overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Downdip Yegua Trend of overpressured gas-condensate reservoirs has produced over 400 bcf of gas and 10 million bbl of oil and condensate since 1979. The trend has indicated reserves in the range of 1.5-2.0 tcf. The trend was opened only in the late 1970s and 1980s because its sandstone fairways are mostly separated from the updip, sandstone-rich Yegua section (which has produced since the 1930s) by a mid-dip region where sandstones are scarce. The trend is also separated from overlying Frio and Vicksburg targets by over 1,000 ft of highly overpressured Jackson shale. At present, activity is most concentrated on detecting sweet spots of a few hundred acres or less, evaluating downdip and lateral extensions of known trends, and in defining large, potentially prolific structures in frontier areas using integrated geologic and geophysical analyses.

Ewing, T.A. (Frontera Exploration Services, San Antonio, TX (USA)); Fergeson, W.G. (Venus Oil Co., San Antonio, TX (USA))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

DataTrends Water Use Tracking  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Use Tracking Use Tracking Organizations across the country are measuring and tracking the water use of over 50,000 buildings using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager. These buildings represent close to 20% of all buildings in Portfolio Manager. EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. This document presents the general trends seen in the water data. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Many different types of organizations are tracking water consumption in a wide variety of buildings located in all 50 states. The most common types of buildings with water data are

27

Occurrence Reporting Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reporting and Processing of Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (ORPS): Five Year Trends 1 * The trend of Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS) occurrences across the Complex has been steady over the past five years. The trend of occurrence reports appears to trend very closely with changes in man hours worked. * The proportion of those occurrences that are considered high consequence occurrences has decreased from approximately 30 percent in 2007 to 15 percent in 2012. High consequence occurrences are defined as occurrences that are assigned either an ORPS Significance Category 1, 2 or Operational Emergency (OE), or a 13A (HQ Significant highlighted for Management attention). 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2

28

Trends in stationary energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trends in stationary energy Trends in stationary energy Colin McCormick Senior Advisor for R&D Office of the Under Secretary US Department of Energy Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2013 April 2013 2 Under Secretary of Energy * Oversee the applied energy programs * Efficiency & Renewables * Electric grid * Fossil energy * Nuclear energy * Indian energy * Support interactions with Office of Science, ARPA-E * Support cross-cutting topics in energy systems * Energy systems interaction * Water-energy nexus * Bulk energy storage * Energy finance * International Lab engagement * Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR) 3 2013: Already a busy year for energy 4 Some notable trends in stationary energy The water-energy nexus The rise of natural gas Global trends New models for the grid

29

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Wednesday, 29 May 2013 00:00 Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

30

Trends in stationary energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Trends in stationary energy Trends in stationary energy Colin McCormick Senior Advisor for R&D Office of the Under Secretary US Department of Energy Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2013 April 2013 2 Under Secretary of Energy * Oversee the applied energy programs * Efficiency & Renewables * Electric grid * Fossil energy * Nuclear energy * Indian energy * Support interactions with Office of Science, ARPA-E * Support cross-cutting topics in energy systems * Energy systems interaction * Water-energy nexus * Bulk energy storage * Energy finance * International Lab engagement * Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR) 3 2013: Already a busy year for energy 4 Some notable trends in stationary energy The water-energy nexus The rise of natural gas Global trends New models for the grid

31

Automation Trend Continues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

IT is difficult to discern any brand new trends in chemical process equipment this year which were not evident a year ago. However, at National Chemical Exposition, David E. Pierce, Diamond Alkali Corp., in his Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Lecture,...

1954-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Biofuels Issues and Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biofuels Issues and Trends Biofuels Issues and Trends October 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. October 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends ii Table of Contents

33

Food consumption trends and drivers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...original work is properly cited. Food consumption trends and drivers John Kearney...Government policy. A picture of food consumption (availability) trends and projections...largely responsible for these observed consumption trends are the subject of this review...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Model of bubble velocity vector measurement in upward and downward bubbly two-phase flows using a four-sensor optical probe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The knowledge of bubble behaviors is of considerable significance for a proper understanding and modeling of two-phase flows. To obtain the information on the bubble motion, a novel model was developed, by which the bubble velocity vector can be directly calculated from six time intervals measured with a four-sensor probe. The measurements of local bubble velocity vector and void fraction were performed in both upward and downward bubbly flows by using a four-sensor optical probe. The area-averaged void fraction and bubble velocity obtained from the probe agree well with those measured by other cross-calibration methods, and the measurement errors are within 15% under various flow conditions. Experimental results of the bubble velocity vector reveal that the bubble lateral migration may be suppressed in upward flows, but be strengthened in downward flows as the liquid flow rate increases. Also, with an increase in gas flow rate, the bubble velocity distribution varies into the power–law profile in upward flows, but into an off-center peak profile in downward flows. In addition, the void fraction shows a core peak distribution at low void fraction for downward flows, but a wall peak distribution for upward flows. However, when the void fraction is relatively high, it displays an off-center peak distribution for downward flows but a core peak distribution for upward flows.

Daogui Tian; Changqi Yan; Licheng Sun

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

36

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

37

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

38

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

39

Persistent collective trend in stock markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Empirical evidence is given for a significant difference in the collective trend of the share prices during the stock index rising and falling periods. Data on the Dow Jones Industrial Average and its stock components are studied between 1991 and 2008. Pearson-type correlations are computed between the stocks and averaged over stock pairs and time. The results indicate a general trend: whenever the stock index is falling the stock prices are changing in a more correlated manner than in case the stock index is ascending. A thorough statistical analysis of the data shows that the observed difference is significant, suggesting a constant fear factor among stockholders.

Emeric Balogh; Ingve Simonsen; Bálint Zs. Nagy; Zoltán Néda

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

40

D10 experiment: coolability of UO/sub 2/ debris in sodium with downward heat removal. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The LMFBR Debris Coolability Program at Sandia National Laboratories investigates the coolability of particle beds which may form following a severe accident involving core disassembly in a nuclear reactor. The D series experiments utilize fission heating of fully enriched UO/sub 2/ particles submerged in sodium to realistically simulate decay heating. The D10 experiment is the first in the series to study the effects of bottom cooling of the debris that could be provided in an actual accident condition by structural materials onto which the debris might settle. Additionally, the D10 experiment was designed to achieve maximum temperatures in the debris approaching the melting point of UO/sub 2/. The experiment was successfully operated for over 50 hours and investigated downward heat removal in a packed bed at specific powers of 0.16 to 0.58 W/g. Dryout in the debris was achieved at powers from 0.42 to 0.58 W/g. Channels were induced in the bed and channeled bed dryout was achieved at powers of 1.06 to 1.77 W/g. Maximum temperatures in excess of 2500/sup 0/C were attained.

Mitchell, G.W.; Ottinger, C.A.; Meister, H.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Downward two-phase flow effects in heat-loss and pressure-drop modeling of steam injection wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modelling of the pressure drop and heat loss in steam injection wells has undergone a gradual evolution since the heavy interest in enhanced oil recovery by steam injection in the mid-60's. After briefly reviewing the evolution of steam models this paper presents a model which advances the state-of-the-art of steam modelling. The main advance presented in this paper is modelling the effects of the various flow regimens that occur during steam injection. The paper describes the formulation of a two-phase downward vertical flow pressure drop model which is not limited by the ''no-slip'' homogeneous flow assumptions in most previously published models. By using different correlations for mist, bubble, and slug flow, improved pressure drop calculations result, which in turn improve temperature predictions. The paper describes how the model handles temperature predictions differently in the single and two-phase steam flow situations. The paper also describes special features in the model to account for layered soil properties, soil dry out, cyclic injection, coupling heat losses, and reflux boiling in wet annuli. Two examples problems are presented which illustrate some of these features.

Galate, J.W.; Mitchell, R.F.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4) 4) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1994 Issues and Trends July 1994 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. ii Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends Energy Information Administration Contacts Natural Gas 1994: Issues and Trends was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, under the direction of Diane W. Lique (202/586-6401). General information concerning this report may be obtained from Joan

43

Trends in furnace control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper relates Italimpianti's experiences over the past few years in the area of control of reheat furnaces for the steel industry. The focus is on the level 1 area; specifically on the use of PLC-based systems to perform both combustion control and mechanical/hydraulic control. Some topics to be discussed are: overview of reheat furnace control system requirements; PLC only control vs separate PLC and DCS systems; PLC hardware requirements; man machine interface (MMI) requirements; purge, light-on and safety logic; implementation of more sophisticated level 1 control algorithms; furnace temperature optimization: look up tables vs full thermal modeling; and recent trends including integrated PLC/DCS system.

McDonald, T.J.; Keefe, M.D. (Italimpianti of America, Inc., Coraopolis, PA (United States). Instrumentation and Controls Dept.)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

A one-dimensional transient model of a single-stage, downward-firing entrained-flow gasifier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology has emerged as an attractive alternative to conventional coal-fired power plant technology due to its higher efficiency and cleaner environmental performance especially with the option of CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration. The core unit of this technology is the gasifier whose optimal performance must be understood for efficient operation of IGCC power plants. This need has led a number of researchers to develop gasifier models of varying complexities. Whereas high-fidelity CFD models can accurately predict most key aspects of gasifier performance, they are computationally expensive and typically take hours to days to execute on high-performance computers. Therefore, faster one-dimensional (1D) partial differential equation (PDE)-based models are required for use in dynamic simulation studies, control system analysis, and training applications. A number of 1D gasifier models can be found in the literature, but most are steady-state and have limited application in the practical operation of the gasifier. As a result, 1D PDE-based dynamic models are needed to further study and predict gasifier performance under a wide variety of process conditions and disturbances. In the present study, a 1D transient model of a single-stage downward flow GE/Texaco-type gasifier has been developed. The model comprises mass, momentum and energy balances for the gas and solid phases. The model considers the initial gasification processes of water evaporation and coal devolatilization. In addition, the key heterogeneous and homogeneous chemical reactions have been modeled. The resulting time-dependent PDE model is solved using the well-known method of lines approach in Aspen Custom Modeler®, whereby the PDEs are discretized in the spatial domain and the resulting differential algebraic equations (DAEs) are then solved to obtain the transient response. The transient response of various gasifier performance parameters to certain disturbances commonly encountered in the real world operation of commercial IGCC plants will be presented. These disturbances include ramp and step changes in input variables such as coal flow rate, oxygen-to-coal ratio and water-to-coal ratio, among others. Comparison of gasifier model predictions to available dynamic data will also be discussed.

Kasule, J.; Turton, R.; Bhattacharyya, D.; Zitney, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Trends of petroleum fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trends in properties of motor gasolines for the years 1942 through 1984; diesel fuels for the years 1950 through 1983; aviation fuels for the years 1947 through 1983; and heating oils for the years 1955 through 1984, have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys prepared and published by the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) formerly the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). The surveys for motor gasolines were conducted under a cooperative agreement with the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) and the Bureau of Mines from 1935 through 1948 and in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948 for all surveys. The motor gasoline surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines throughout the country. Other surveys prepared in cooperation with API and the Bureau of Mines, the Energy Research and Development Administration, the Department of Energy, and currently NIPER were aviation gasolines beginning in 1947, diesel fuels in 1950, aviation turbine fuels in 1951, and heating oils, formerly burner fuel oils, in 1955. Various companies throughout the country obtain samples of motor gasolines from retail outlets and refinery samples for the other surveys, and analyze the samples using American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures. The analytical data are sent to the Bartlesville Center for survey preparation and distribution. A summary report has been assembled from data in 83 semiannual surveys for motor gasolines that shows trends throughout the entire era from winter 19

Shelton, E.M.; Woodward, P.W.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Trends in Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace The addition of commercial buildings and floorspace from 1995 to 1999 continued the general trends noted since 1979 (Figures 1 and 2). The size of the commercial buildings has grown steadily over the twenty years of CBECS. Each year more buildings are added to the sector (new construction or conversion of pre-existing buildings to commercial activity) than are removed (demolition or conversion to non-commercial activity). The definition for the commercial buildings population was changed for the 1995 CBECS which resulted in a slightly smaller buildings population and accounts for the data break in both Figures 1 and 2 (see report "Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector" for complete details). Figure 1. Total Commercial Buildings, 1979 to 1999

47

Solar Pricing Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SB 2 1X SB 2 1X Category % of Retail Sales From Eligible Renewable Resources Date by Which Compliance Must Occur Category or Compliance Period 1 20% Dec. 31, 2013 Category or Compliance Period 2 25% Dec. 31, 2016 Category or Compliance Period 3 33% Dec. 31, 2020 2 Solar Pricing Trends 3 U.S. Grid-Connected PV Capacity Additions 4 U.S. Renewable Additions wind, 7537 MW biogas, 91 MW biomass, 330 MW geothermal, 910 MW ocean, 0 MW small hydro, 38 MW solar thermal, 3804 MW solar photovoltaic, 5778 MW CA IOU's Total Renewable Energy Capacity Currently Under Contract from Contracts Signed Since 2002, by Technology 5 CA IOU's Renewable Portfolio 6 CA IOU's Future Renewable Portfolio

48

4. Net Generation Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Section 1. Commentary Electric Power Data For the second straight month, near normal temperatures were observed throughout the contiguous United States in October 2008. On the regional level, temperatures did deviate above normal in the western United States while parts of the South, Southeast, and Northeast experienced below average temperatures. Accordingly, heating degree days for the contiguous United States as a whole were 1.4 percent above the average for the month of October, and 63.4 percent above a much warmer October 2007. In October 2008, retail sales of electricity decreased 4.4 percent compared to October 2007, which had warmer temperatures and subsequent higher demand for electricity. The average U.S. retail price of electricity continued to show an upward trend in October 2008, increasing 9.3

49

International Investment Trend of Photovoltaics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??What is the trend of the global solar PV industry? What is the importance of Solar Energy in Renewable Energy? Why shall we invest solar… (more)

Lin, Hsin-yu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

47 Natural Gas Market Trends NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

47 Natural Gas Market Trends Chapter 5 NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS INTRODUCTION Natural gas discusses current natural gas market conditions in California and the rest of North America, followed on the outlook for demand, supply, and price of natural gas for the forecasted 20-year horizon. It also addresses

51

Petrick Technology Trends Of Manufacturing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;323 Petrick Technology Trends chapter 9 The Future Of Manufacturing Irene Petrick Technology Trends This chapter is a story about the future of manufacturing based on three predictions: ďż˝ that firms sophisticated modeling and simulation of both new products and production processes; ďż˝ that additive

52

Mixed convection in the thermal entrance region of symmetrically and asymmetrically heated vertical flat duct with upward or downward air-flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A numerical investigation has been conducted on the effect of body force on pure forced convection of the upward or downward air-flow in the thermal entrance region between vertical parallel plates with uniform wall temperature. The governing equations based on the usual Boussinesq approximation are solved for the symmetrically and asymmetrically heated parallel plates. Numerically predicted friction factors C{sub f} and local Nusselt numbers Nu{sub x} are compared with their counterparts, C*{sub f} and Nu*{sub x}, for pure forced convection.

Naito, Etsuro; Nagano, Yasutaka

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

2 - Trends in nanomedicine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: In this chapter, I will present some general background on nanomedicine, particularly focusing on some of the investment that is being made in this emerging field. The bulk of the chapter, though, will consist of explorations of two areas in which the impacts of nanomedicine are likely to be most significant: diagnostics and medical records and treatment, including surgery and drug delivery. Under each discussion, I will survey some of the ethical and social issues that are likely to arise in these applications.

F. Allhoff

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

General Education GENERAL EDUCATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the pursuit of truth, the intellectual and ethical development of students, and the general well the consequences of human actions. E. Cross-Cultural Awareness Demonstrate the ability to critically compare

Stuart, Steven J.

55

Trends of measured climate forcing agents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reflective aerosols and soil dust (?1.4 ± 0...possible additional downward pressure caused by climate concerns...escaping from landfills, coal mining, oil and gas...product of incomplete combustion, whereas O 3 is produced...CH 4 (30). Improved combustion technologies can reduce...

James E. Hansen; Makiko Sato

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Distribution Category UC-950 Petroleum 1996 Issues and Trends September 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration / Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends iii Preface Contacts Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas, Kenneth A. Vagts, Director (202/586-6401), and the EIA Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Webster C.

57

Aquaculture: global status and trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the high level of public concern about GM technology...intervention in a high-energy environment (Sturrock...Advances in information and communications technology is benefiting...including fish), water and energy are key issues. Some...economics methods trends Conservation of Natural Resources...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

RetTrendReport1205.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Prepared by: Prepared by: Aon Consulting 111 Market Place Baltimore, MD 21202 www.aon.com Trends in Retirement Income and Retiree Medical Plans What's inside 1 Introduction 2 Defined Benefit Trends 5 Defined Contribution Plan Trends 7 Rationale Behind the Trends 9 Retiree Health Trends 11 Key Changes in Retiree Health Coverage 14 Appendix 1: DB Design Trends 16 Appendix 2: DC Design Trends 17 Appendix 3: Charts and Figures 29 Appendix 4: Recent Articles on DB Trends 30 Appendix 3: Recent Articles on Retiree Medical Trends Introduction Today, U.S. employers are finding it increasingly difficult to offer the level of retirement benefits provided to workers over the last half century. Factors impacting the changing landscape for retirement benefits include:

59

Trend dynamics : a method to improve the analysis, dissemination and forecasting of trends on the Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis provides a new perspective in trend analysis with the acknowledgement of individuals as carriers of trends and susceptible to influence simultaneously by a trend's perceived significance and by external effects ...

Strazza, Ernesto (Strazza Silva)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Current trends in the Advanced Bioindustry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Afternoon Plenary Session: Current Trends in the Advanced Bioindustry State of Technology—Michael McAdams, President, Advanced Biofuels Association

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

General Engineers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

General Engineers General Engineers The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) within the Department of Energy has forged a world-class information program that stresses quality, teamwork, and employee growth. In support of our program, we offer a variety of profes- sional positions, including the General Engineer, whose work is associated with analytical studies and evaluation projects pertaining to the operations of the energy industry. Responsibilities: General Engineers perform or participate in one or more of the following important functions: * Design modeling systems to represent energy markets and the physical properties of energy industries * Conceive, initiate, monitor and/or conduct planning and evaluation projects and studies of continuing and future

62

Nuclear Proliferation Technology Trends Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is underway to develop mature, integrated methodologies to address nonproliferation issues. A variety of methodologies (both qualitative and quantitative) are being considered. All have one thing in common, a need for a consistent set of proliferation related data that can be used as a basis for application. One approach to providing a basis for predicting and evaluating future proliferation events is to understand past proliferation events, that is, the different paths that have actually been taken to acquire or attempt to acquire special nuclear material. In order to provide this information, this report describing previous material acquisition activities (obtained from open source material) has been prepared. This report describes how, based on an evaluation of historical trends in nuclear technology development, conclusions can be reached concerning: (1) The length of time it takes to acquire a technology; (2) The length of time it takes for production of special nuclear material to begin; and (3) The type of approaches taken for acquiring the technology. In addition to examining time constants, the report is intended to provide information that could be used to support the use of the different non-proliferation analysis methodologies. Accordingly, each section includes: (1) Technology description; (2) Technology origin; (3) Basic theory; (4) Important components/materials; (5) Technology development; (6) Technological difficulties involved in use; (7) Changes/improvements in technology; (8) Countries that have used/attempted to use the technology; (9) Technology Information; (10) Acquisition approaches; (11) Time constants for technology development; and (12) Required Concurrent Technologies.

Zentner, Michael D.; Coles, Garill A.; Talbert, Robert J.

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

63

Arnold Schwarzenegger TRENDS IN SNOWFALL VERSUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California's electricity and natural gas ratepayers. The PIER Program strives to conduct the most promising Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor TRENDS IN SNOWFALL VERSUS RAINFALL FOR THE WESTERN UNITED this report as follows: Knowles, N., M. Dettinger, and D. Cayan. 2007. Trends in Snowfall Versus Rainfall

64

RECENT TRENDS IN FEDERAL LAB TECHNOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Budget Resources for Federal Lab R&D Spending, Ranked by Budget Level Table 2.2 Distribution of Active#12;RECENT TRENDS IN FEDERAL LAB TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: FY 1999­2000 BIENNIAL REPORT Report Administration U.S. Department of Commerce May 2002 #12;RECENT TRENDS IN FEDERAL LAB TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: FY

Perkins, Richard A.

65

Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Power Trends Energy Economics and Sustainability L. H. Tsoukalas Purdue University Nuclear;National Research Council of Greece, May 8, 2008 Outline · The Problem · Nuclear Energy Trends · Energy Economics · Life Cycle Analysis · Nuclear Sustainability · Nuclear Energy in Greece? #12;National Research

66

Evidence for trends in UK flooding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...flooding. | Recent major flooding in the UK has raised concern...of a long-term trend in flooding over the last 80-120 years...Gov't | Climate Computer Simulation Disasters Ecosystem Environmental...Evidence for trends in UK flooding By Alice J. Robson Centre...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

General Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... principally in the Journal of the Franklin Institute. These ideas relate to a study of thermodynamics from what the author calls a generalized point of view, which concerns itself with ... from what the author calls a generalized point of view, which concerns itself with the thermodynamics of metastable states and irreversible processes as wall as with the stable states and reversible ...

R. W. HAYWOOD

1956-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

68

Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Market Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Homepage Homepage Market Trends Economic Activity Renewables International Oil Markets Oil & Natural Gas Energy Demand Coal Electricity Emissions The projections in AEO2001 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected.

69

Future trends in environmental mercury concentrations: implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future trends in environmental mercury concentrations: implications for prevention strategies interactions among natural and human climate system components; objectively assess uncertainty in economic, monitor and verify greenhouse gas emissions and climatic impacts. This reprint is one of a series intended

70

Damped trend exponential smoothing: A modelling viewpoint  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over the past twenty years, damped trend exponential smoothing has performed well in numerous empirical studies, and it is now well established as an accurate forecasting method. The original motivation for this method was intuitively appealing, but said very little about why or when it provided an optimal approach. The aim of this paper is to provide a theoretical rationale for the damped trend method based on Brown’s original thinking about the form of underlying models for exponential smoothing. We develop a random coefficient state space model for which damped trend smoothing provides an optimal approach, and within which the damping parameter can be interpreted directly as a measure of the persistence of the linear trend.

Eddie McKenzie; Everette S. Gardner Jr.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATIONHOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W INTRODUCTION Author's...

72

Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends EETD's energy efficiency program and market trends research includes technical, economic and policy analysis to inform public and private decision-making on public-interest issues related to utility-sector energy efficiency programs and regulation, and government-funded energy efficiency initiatives. LBNL's research in this area is focused on: Energy efficiency portfolio planning and market assessment, Design and implementation of a portfolio of energy efficiency programs that achieve various policy objectives Utility sector energy efficiency business models, Options for administering energy efficiency programs, Evaluation, measurement and verification of energy efficiency impacts and ESCO industry and market trends and performance.

73

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Reports > Trends in Commercial Buildings Trends: Buildings and Floorspace Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Overview: The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector Since 1978, the Energy Information Administration has collected basic statistical information from three of the major end-use sectors— residential, and industrial— periodic energy consumption surveys. Each survey is a snapshot of how energy is used in the year of the survey; the series of surveys in each sector reveals the trends in energy use for the sector. Introduction The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects data from a sample of buildings representative of the commercial buildings

74

World Energy Use — Trends in Demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to provide adequate energy supplies in the future, trends in energy demand must be evaluated and projections of future demand developed. World energy use is far from static, and an understanding of the demand

Randy Hudson

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

General Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ASD General Information ASD General Information APS Resources & Information A list of useful links for APS staff and users. APS Technical Publications Links to APS technical publications. APS Publications Database The official and comprehensive source of references for APS-related journal articles, conference papers, book chapters, dissertations, abstracts, awards, invited talks, etc. Image Library A collection of APS images. Responsibilities & Interfaces for APS Technical Systems Descriptions of the responsibilities of APS technical groups and how they interface with one another. APS Procedures Operational procedures for the APS. APS Specifications Specifications and approvals for upgrades or changes to existing APS hardware and software. APS Radiation Safety Policy & Procedures Committee Minutes

76

Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Center Energy Data Center Energy Consumption Trends to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Greenhouse Gases Water Efficiency Data Center Energy Efficiency Energy Consumption Trends

77

Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Overview of building...

78

Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Trends: Implications for the West? Demand Response National Trends: Implications for the West? Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation. San Francisco, CA. March...

79

New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects Currently In Advanced Stages of Development New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects Currently In Advanced...

80

"Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Real GDP Growth Trend" " cumulative average percent growth in projected real GDP from first year shown...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

82

Ten Years of Genetic Fuzzy Systems: Current Framework and New Trends O. Cordon, F. Herrera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

algorithms GAs are general purpose search algorithms which use principles inspired by natural geneticsTen Years of Genetic Fuzzy Systems: Current Framework and New Trends O. Cord´on, F. Herrera Dept algorithms are search algorithms, based on natural genetics, that provide robust search capabilities in com

Hoffmann, Frank

83

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Title Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2011 Authors Bolinger, Mark, and Ryan H. Wiser Pagination 46 Date Published 10/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Berkeley Lab has gathered price data on 81 U.S. wind turbine transactions totaling 23,850 MW announced from 1997 through early 2011. Figure ES-1 depicts these reported wind turbine transaction prices (along with the associated trend line), broken out by the size of the transaction (in MW). Figure ES-1 also presents average (global) turbine prices reported by Vestas for the years 2005 through 2010, as well as a range of reported pricing (among various turbine manufacturers) for transactions signed in 2010 and so far in 2011 (with 2011 prices generally lower than 2010 prices). After hitting a low of roughly $750/kW from 2000 to 2002, average wind turbine prices doubled through 2008, rising to an average of roughly $1,500/kW. Wind turbine prices have since declined substantially, with price quotes for transactions executed in 2010 and to date in 2011 ranging from $900-$1,400/kW depending on the manufacturer and turbine model. For example, turbines designed for lower wind speed sites - deploying higher hub heights and larger rotor diameters for a given nameplate capacity - are priced at the higher end of this range. These quotes suggest price declines of as much as 33% or more since late 2008, with an average decline closer to perhaps 20% for orders announced in 2010 (as opposed to in 2011, which has seen further price declines). These two substantial and opposing wind turbine price trends over the past decade - and particularly the doubling in prices in the 2002-2008 period - run counter to the smooth, gradually declining technology cost trajectories that are often assumed by energy analysts modeling the diffusion of new technologies, including wind power. Understanding and explaining this notable discrepancy between theory and historical reality is the primary motivation for this work. Taking a bottom-up approach, this report examines seven primary drivers of wind turbine prices in the United States, with the goal of estimating the degree to which each contributed to the doubling in turbine prices from 2002 through 2008, as well as the subsequent decline in prices through 2010 (our analysis does not extend into 2011 because several of these drivers are best gauged on a full-year basis due to seasonality issues).

84

Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home Page U.S. Energy Information Administration's Residential Buildings Site, Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001. If you need assistance viewing this page, call 202-586-8800. Energy Information Adiministration Homepage Home Page U.S. Energy Information Administration's Residential Buildings Site, Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001. If you need assistance viewing this page, call 202-586-8800. Energy Information Adiministration Homepage Home > Residential > Residential Home Page > Cooking Trends from 1993 to 2001 Cooking Trends in the United States : Are We Really Becoming a Fast Food Country? Graphic of vegetables A popular perception is that Americans now spend less time in the kitchen than in the past. Has there been an identifiable trend toward cooking less in the 1990s, or have cooking habits remained relatively constant over that period? And what characteristics of American households can be seen to influence their cooking patterns? The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) collects data on household characteristics as well as on residential energy consumption. The first RECS was conducted in 1978 and the eleventh and most recent survey was conducted in 2001. This report will refer to data collected in the 1993 and 2001 RECS.

85

Exponential smoothing with a damped multiplicative trend  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multiplicative trend exponential smoothing has received very little attention in the literature. It involves modelling the local slope by smoothing successive ratios of the local level, and this leads to a forecast function that is the product of level and growth rate. By contrast, the popular Holt method uses an additive trend formulation. It has been argued that more real series have multiplicative trends than additive. However, even if this is true, it seems likely that the more conservative forecast function of the Holt method will be more robust when applied in an automated way to a large batch of series with different types of trend. In view of the improvements in accuracy seen in dampening the Holt method, in this paper we investigate a new damped multiplicative trend approach. An empirical study, using the monthly time series from the M3-Competition, gave encouraging results for the new approach at a range of forecast horizons, when compared to the established exponential smoothing methods.

James W. Taylor

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Trends in Multidisciplinary Engineering Education, MA&O 2006 Trends in Multidisciplinary Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the context in which engineering is practiced Economics (including business practice) History The environmentTrends in Multidisciplinary Engineering Education, MA&O 2006 Page 1 Trends in Multidisciplinary Engineering Education: 2006 and Beyond Awards Luncheon Olivier de Weck and Karen WillcoxOlivier de Weck

Peraire, Jaime

87

Cover Page of Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Household Vehicles Energy Use Cover Page Cover Page of Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends...

88

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trends in Utility Green Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006) Lori Bird and Marshall Kaiser Technical Report NREL/TP-670-42287 October 2007 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute â—Ź Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Technical Report NREL/TP-670-42287 October 2007 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006) Lori Bird and Marshall Kaiser Prepared under Task No. IGST.7330 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

89

Natural Gas 1995 Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5) 5) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1995 Issues and Trends November 1995 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends iii Preface Natural Gas 1995: Issues and Trends has been prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide a summary of the latest data and information relating to the natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission,

90

DataTrends Energy Use Benchmarking  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Benchmarking The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. As of December 2011, organizations have used Portfolio Manager to track and manage the energy use of over 260,000 buildings across all 50 states, representing over 28 billion square feet (nearly 40% of the commercial market). Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Many different types of organizations use Portfolio Manager to benchmark the energy use of their buildings. Office, K-12

91

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trends in Utility Green Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004) Lori Bird and Elizabeth Brown Technical Report NREL/TP-620-38800 October 2005 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004) Lori Bird and Elizabeth Brown Prepared under Task No. ASG5.1003 Technical Report NREL/TP-620-38800 October 2005 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

92

Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6) 6) Distribution Category UC-950 Natural Gas 1996 Issues and Trends December 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends iii Preface Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends provides a summary of  Chapter 1. "Overview," Mary E. Carlson (202/586-4749). the latest data and information relating to the U.S. natural gas

93

EIA - AEO2010 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Trends in Economic Activity Real gross domestic product returns to its pre-recession level by 2011 AEO2010 presents three views of economic growth (Figure 31). The rate of growth in real GDP depends on assumptions about labor force growth and productivity. In the Reference case, growth in real GDP averages 2.4 percent per year. Figure 31. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labot force, and productivity in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 32. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates in three cases, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 33. Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases, 2008-2035

94

Trends and balances: 1985-1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the seventh edition of Trends and Balances to be presented to the staff of Oak Ridge National (ORNL) and other interested parties. Each year at the end of the planning cycle the Laboratory publishes its official planning document, the Institutional Plan. Trends and Balances is brought out as a condensation of that more formal document and is intended to provide a reference to the kinds of plans that have occupied senior laboratory management over the past year. An institution as large as ORNL changes slowly, so some of the information in this document overlaps that contained in the previous edition of Trends and Balances. Much, however, is different. A new section, for example, describes what senior Laboratory management feels are five new directions for science and technology at ORNL. This document is intended to provide new insights into the programs and structure of the Laboratory.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Condensation temperature trends among stars with planets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results from detailed spectroscopic analyses of stars hosting massive planets are employed to search for trends between abundances and condensation temperatures. The elements C, S, Na, Mg, Al, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni and Zn are included in the analysis of 64 stars with planets and 33 comparison stars. No significant trends are evident in the data. This null result suggests that accretion of rocky material onto the photospheres of stars with planets is not the primary explanation for their high metallicities. However, the differences between the solar photospheric and meteoritic abundances do display a weak but significant trend with condensation temperature. This suggests that the metallicity of the sun's envelope has been enriched relative to its interior by about 0.07 dex.

Guillermo Gonzalez

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

96

Inspector General  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of the Under Secretary for Nuclear Security Edward B. Held (Acting) Under Secretary for Nuclear Security DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of the Under Secretary for Management & Performance Vacant Under Secretary for Management and Performance Office of the Under Secretary for Science & Energy Vacant Under Secretary for Science and Energy Southwestern Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration U.S. Energy Information Administration Loan Programs Office Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy General Counsel Assistant Secretary for Congressional & Intergovernmental Affairs Chief Human Capital Officer

97

Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Market Trend  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) Economic Activity International Oil Markets Energy Demand Electricity Oil & Natural Gas Coal Emissions The projections in AEO2000 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected.

98

General Category  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sunrise and Sunset Visual Differences Sunrise and Sunset Visual Differences Name: Joey Status: other Grade: other Country: Canada Date: Spring 2012 Question: It seems that sunrise and sunset don't look symmetric. I mean that sunsets tend to have much redder skies and sunrise is usually a bit gloomier. If you see a picture, many times you can tell if its sunrise or sunset, even though I would think they should like identical, except that the sun is either going up or going down. Why do they not appear the same but in reverse? Replies: Funny you should ask as a paper just arrived which is sure to have the answer and I will read it now....... OK, the morning sky, and the sky in general, is blue due to Rayleigh scattering [which affects short wavelengths the most] of the sun light by air molecules and other microscopic particles.

99

Review of trend analysis and climate change projections of extreme precipitation and floods in Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary This paper presents a review of trend analysis of extreme precipitation and hydrological floods in Europe based on observations and future climate projections. The review summaries methods and methodologies applied and key findings from a large number of studies. Reported analyses of observed extreme precipitation and flood records show that there is some evidence of a general increase in extreme precipitation, whereas there are no clear indications of significant trends at large-scale regional or national level of extreme streamflow. Several studies from regions dominated by snowmelt-induced peak flows report decreases in extreme streamflow and earlier spring snowmelt peak flows, likely caused by increasing temperature. The review of likely future changes based on climate projections indicates a general increase in extreme precipitation under a future climate, which is consistent with the observed trends. Hydrological projections of peak flows show large impacts in many areas with both positive and negative changes. A general decrease in flood magnitude and earlier spring floods are projected for catchments with snowmelt-dominated peak flows, which is consistent with the observed trends. Finally, existing guidelines in Europe on design flood and design rainfall estimation are reviewed. The review shows that only few countries have developed guidelines that incorporate a consideration of climate change impacts.

H. Madsen; D. Lawrence; M. Lang; M. Martinkova; T.R. Kjeldsen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

New trends in cometary chemistry Jacques Crovisier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New trends in cometary chemistry Jacques Crovisier Received 29th November 2005, Accepted 19th some of the implications of new comet observations for cometary chemistry: recent observations in the coma by the sublimation of nucleus ices. This technique has been in use since the beginnings

Demoulin, Pascal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Policy message Trends in the global agricultural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and entire countries, since small-scale producers are the main source of food in developing countries. Large is attracting renewed attention, mainly because of concerns over climate change. But other trends will have, often foreign- ers, are investing in agricultural land in developing countries. Threats

Richner, Heinz

102

Outdoor Recreation Participation Trends in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Outdoor recreation is a popular pastime in Texas. This publication reports on the participation and trends in outdoor recreation in the U.S. and Texas revealed in the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment conducted by the U.S. Forest...

Schuett, Michael A.; Shafer, Carl Scott; Lu, Jiaying

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

103

INEEL Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Trend Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the INEEL GHG Inventory and Trend Analysis is to establish INEEL expertise in carbon management decision making and policy analysis. This FY-99 effort is the first step toward placing the INEEL in a leadership role within the DOE laboratories to support carbon management systems and analysis.

Shropshire, David Earl; Teel, Dale Milton

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Trends in Spatial Data Shashi Shekhar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 3 Trends in Spatial Data Mining Shashi Shekhar , Pusheng Zhang , Yan Huang , Ranga Raju, Minneapolis, MN 55455 Abstract: Spatial data mining is the process of discovering interesting and previously traditional numeric and categorical data due to the complexity of spatial data types, spatial relationships

Huang, Yan

105

Look at the trends in business graphics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Imagine the possibilities of artificial intelligence combined with animated graphics. More realistically the authors examine certain trends in computer graphics and follow them through to their logical extension in about five years. Predictions include voice activated systems with Icon symbols to enhance communication with applications in production control and a number of business functions.

Jarrett, I.M.; Putnam, L.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Mobile user-experience design trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The course presents essential concepts of mobile user-experience design and reviews mobile UX trends in Asia, the US, and Europe, including case studies of developing designs for China, a near failure of user-centered mobile UX design, and cross-cultural ...

Aaron Marcus

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

This page left blank. E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATIONHOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W...

108

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the work performed during the second year of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area''. The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. To achieve this objective, in this period we concentrated our effort on characterization of Germania Unit using an analog field ET ODaniel unit and old cased hole neutron. Petrophysical Characterization of the Germania Spraberry units requires a unique approach for a number of reasons--limited core data, lack of modern log data and absence of directed studies within the unit. The need for characterization of the Germania unit has emerged as a first step in the review, understanding and enhancement of the production practices applicable within the unit and the trend area in general. In the absence or lack of the afore mentioned resources, an approach that will rely heavily on previous petrophysical work carried out in the neighboring ET O'Daniel unit (6.2 miles away), and normalization of the old log data prior to conventional interpretation techniques will be used. A log-based rock model has been able to guide successfully the prediction of pay and non-pay intervals within the ET O'Daniel unit, and will be useful if found applicable within the Germania unit. A novel multiple regression technique utilizing non-parametric transformations to achieve better correlations in predicting a dependent variable (permeability) from multiple independent variables (rock type, shale volume and porosity) will also be investigated in this study. A log data base includes digitized formats of Gamma Ray, Cased Hole Neutron, limited Resistivity and Neutron/Density/Sonic porosity logs over a considerable wide area. In addition, a progress report on GSU waterflood pilot is reported for this period. We have seen positive response of water injection on new wells. We believe by proper data acquisition and precise reservoir engineering techniques, any lack of confidence in waterflooding can be overcome. Therefore, we develop field management software to control a vast data from the pilot and to perform precise reservoir engineering techniques such as decline curve analysis, gas and oil material balances, bubble map plot and PVT analysis. The manual for this software is listed in the Appendix-A.

C. M. Sizemore; David S. Schechter

2003-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

109

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Survey Methodology Sampling Error, Standard Errors, and Relative Standard Errors The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of buildings that would not be considered “commercial” in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Excluded from the sector are the goods-producing industries: manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry and fisheries, and construction.

110

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

33 33 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003) Lori Bird and Karen Cardinal National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 September 2004 * NREL/TP-620-36833 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2003) Lori Bird and Karen Cardinal Prepared under Task No. ASG4.1003 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle

111

Annual Energy Outlook 1999 - Market Trend  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) mrktrend.gif (2686 bytes) Economic Activity International Oil Markets Energy Demand Electricity Oil & Natural Gas Coal Emissions The projections in AEO99 are not statements of what will happen but of what might happen, given the assumptions and methodologies used. The projections are business-as-usual trend forecasts, given known technology, technological and demographic trends, and current laws and regulations. Thus, they provide a policy-neutral reference case that can be used to analyze policy initiatives. EIA does not propose, advocate, or speculate on future legislative and regulatory changes. All laws are assumed to remain as currently enacted; however, the impacts of emerging regulatory changes, when defined, are reflected. Because energy markets are complex, models are simplified representations of energy production and consumption, regulations, and producer and consumer behavior. Projections are highly dependent on the data, methodologies, model structures,

112

Identifying recent trends in nanomedicine development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Medical nanotechnology is a recent emerging field with the intention to improve human health. The creation and rapid expansion of nanomedicine as a new research field in the last decade is the result of nanotechnology's convergence with biology, genetics, biochemistry, chemistry, physics, pharmacology and medicine. Within nanomedicine, two major categories have emerged: diagnostics (imaging) and therapeutics (drug delivery). Each of these branches has several nanoparticle types that are actively under research and development. While nanomedicine research and use of various nanoparticles in new applications have been categorised and reviewed for their potential utility in medicine, there has been little context of the emerging trends within nanomedicine or how the field is progressing. This article presents an overview of the trends for nanomedicine that are developing over time as measured by examining peer review research literature and patent databases.

Shalu Darshan; Michael G. Tyshenko

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Chapter 28 - Air Quality Status and Trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes the condition of air quality, based on air pollutant concentrations, i.e. criteria pollutants, in airsheds around the world, as well as certain air toxics in urban areas and hot spots. The variability of pollutant concentrations in space and time are discussed, as well as differences in air pollution between more industrialized and economically developed regions vs developing nations. The status and trends of atmospheric concentrations of tropospheric ozone, oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulfur, carbon monoxide, lead, and particulate matter are discussed. Examples of air toxics include benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, dioxins, aldehydes, and metals, e.g. mercury. Regional and global trends include acid deposition, depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer, and climate change. Indoor air quality is discussed. The chapter concludes with a description of an air quality index.

Daniel Vallero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Since the first CBECS in 1979, the commercial buildings sector has increased in size. From 1979 to 2003: The number of commercial buildings increased from 3.8 million to 4.9 million (Figure 3). The amount of commercial floorspace increased from 51 billion to 72 billion square feet (Figure 4). Total energy consumed increased from less than 5,900 trillion to more than 6,500 trillion Btu (Figure 5). Electricity and natural gas consumption, nearly equal in 1979, diverged; electricity increased to more than 3,500 trillion Btu by 2003 while natural gas declined to 2,100 trillion Btu. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003.

115

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Title Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Dale, Larry L., Camille Antinori, Michael A. McNeil, James E. McMahon, and Sydny K. Fujita Journal Energy Policy Volume 37 Issue 2 Pagination 597-605 Date Published November 20 Keywords appliance efficiency standards, price forecasts, EES-EG Abstract Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by the Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting:1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing.2. Past retail price predictions made by the DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices.3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices.4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

116

WRI-Earth Trends Data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WRI-Earth Trends Data WRI-Earth Trends Data Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: WRI-Earth Trends Data Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Sector: Energy Resource Type: Dataset, Maps Website: www.wri.org/project/earthtrends WRI-Earth Trends Data Screenshot References: Earth Trends Data[1] About "Based on the World Resources series, EarthTrends is a free on-line resource that highlights the environmental, social, and economic trends that shape our world. The site offers the public a comprehensive collection of vital statistics, maps, and graphics for more than 200 countries. Much of the environmental information on the internet is fragmented, buried, or only available at a price. EarthTrends gathers data from more than 40 of the world's leading statistical agencies, along with

117

Origin of two differentiation trends in the Emeishan flood basalts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both the Bowen and Fenner differentiation trends have been recognized in the ... , the lavas from Guizhou evolved along the Fenner trend leading to the magmas with high...2O3 (23%) and low SiO2 (44%) contents. Th...

Yigang Xu; Houjun Mei; Jifeng Xu; Xiaolong Huang; Yuejun Wang…

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

TRENDS Working Paper 05-03 1 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993-2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;TRENDS Working Paper 05-03 1 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993 Working Paper 05-03 2 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993-2002 Abstract Disability with those found in the US. Japan is an especially interesting country because its age structure

Shyy, Wei

119

UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Finance Website: sefi.unep.org/fileadmin/media/sefi/docs/publications/Global_Trends_200 References: UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report[1] TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword ................................................................................................................ 5 List of Figures ....................................................................................................... 7 Methodology and Definitions ...................................................................................

120

Trends Online: A Compendium of Data on Global Change  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Data records are presented in multipage formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables; graphs; discussions of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data, and references to literature providing further information. Instructions for citing specific data in Trends Online are provided for each compiled data set. All data appearing in Trends Online are available, on request, on digital media from CDIAC at no cost. [Copied from the Abstract to Trends Online at http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/abstract.htm

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Downward Influence of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The coupling between the stratosphere and the troposphere following two major stratospheric sudden warmings is studied in the Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model using a nudging technique by which the zonal-mean evolution of the reference sudden ...

Peter Hitchcock; Isla R. Simpson

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

The Impact of New Technologies on Radiation Oncology Events and Trends in the Past Decade: An Institutional Experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To review the type and frequency of patient events from external-beam radiotherapy over a time period sufficiently long to encompass significant technology changes. Methods and Materials: Ten years of quality assurance records from January 2001 through December 2010 were retrospectively reviewed to determine the frequency of events affecting patient treatment from four radiation oncology process steps: simulation, treatment planning, data entry/transfer, and treatment delivery. Patient events were obtained from manual records and, from May 2007 onward, from an institution-wide database and reporting system. Events were classified according to process step of origination and segregated according to the most frequently observed event types. Events from the institution-wide database were evaluated to determine time trends. Results: The overall event rate was 0.93% per course of treatment, with a downward trend over time led by a decrease in treatment delivery events. The frequency of certain event types, particularly in planning and treatment delivery, changed significantly over the course of the study, reflecting technologic and process changes. Treatments involving some form of manual intervention carried an event risk four times higher than those relying heavily on computer-aided design and delivery. Conclusions: Although the overall event rate was low, areas for improvement were identified, including manual calculations and data entry, late-day treatments, and staff overreliance on computer systems. Reducing the incidence of pretreatment events is of particular importance because these were more likely to occur several times before detection and were associated with larger dosimetric impact. Further improvements in quality assurance systems and reporting are imperative, given the advent of electronic charting, increasing reliance on computer systems, and the potentially severe consequences that can arise from mistakes involving complex intensity-modulated or image-guided treatments.

Hunt, Margie A., E-mail: huntm@mskcc.org [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Pastrana, Gerri [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Amols, Howard I. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Killen, Aileen [Quality of Care Initiative, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Quality of Care Initiative, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Alektiar, Kaled [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

Status and Trend of Automotive Power Packaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Comprehensive requirements in aspects of cost, reliability, efficiency, form factor, weight, and volume for power electronics modules in modern electric drive vehicles have driven the development of automotive power packaging technology intensively. Innovation in materials, interconnections, and processing techniques is leading to enormous improvements in power modules. In this paper, the technical development of and trends in power module packaging are evaluated by examining technical details with examples of industrial products. The issues and development directions for future automotive power module packaging are also discussed.

Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Transportation Energy Efficiency Trends, 1972--1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US transportation sector, which remains 97% dependent on petroleum, used a record 22.8 quads of energy in 1993. Though growing much more slowly than the economy from 1975 to 1985, energy use for transportation is now growing at nearly the same rate as GDP. This report describes the analysis of trends in energy use and energy intensity in transportation into components due to, (1) growth in transportation activity, (2) changes in energy intensity, and (3) changes in the modal structure of transportation activities.

Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Fan, Y. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report presents year-end 2005 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs. It is important to note that this report covers only a portion of voluntary markets for renewable energy. It does not cover green power sold by independent marketers except for cases in which the marketers work in conjunction with utilities or default electricity suppliers.

126

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0: September 13, 0: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #640: September 13, 2010 Monthly Trends in Vehicle Miles of Travel on

127

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9: November 30, 9: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales on

128

New England Wind Forum: Cost Trends  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Cost Trends Cost Trends Figure 1: Cost of Energy and Cumulative Domestic Capacity This graph shows how the cumulative domestic wind capacity (MW) has increased since 1980, while the cost of energy from wind power has declined by a factor of approximately 20 times during the same period but has increased slightly since 2001. Click on the image to view a larger version. This graph shows how the cumulative domestic wind capacity (MW) has increased since 1980, while the cost of energy from wind power has declined by a factor of approximately 20 times during the same period but has increased slightly since 2001. View a larger version of the graph. Overall, the wind industry is experiencing long-term decreases in the cost to produce wind-generated electricity (Figure 1), despite recent short-term increases in upfront equipment costs. Even in the short term, however, the effect of increases in up-front capital costs on the cost of energy from wind power projects has been dampened by improvements in energy capture from the wind and decreases in operating and maintenance costs.

129

Global Natural Gas Market Trends, 2. edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report provides an overview of major trends occurring in the natural gas industry and includes a concise look at the drivers behind recent rapid growth in gas usage and the challenges faced in meeting that growth. Topics covered include: an overview of Natural Gas including its history, the current market environment, and its future market potential; an analysis of the overarching trends that are driving a need for change in the Natural Gas industry; a description of new technologies being developed to increase production of Natural Gas; an evaluation of the potential of unconventional Natural Gas sources to supply the market; a review of new transportation methods to get Natural Gas from producing to consuming countries; a description of new storage technologies to support the increasing demand for peak gas; an analysis of the coming changes in global Natural Gas flows; an evaluation of new applications for Natural Gas and their impact on market sectors; and, an overview of Natural Gas trading concepts and recent changes in financial markets.

NONE

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Development and trends in HVOF spraying technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three actual trends in development of HVOF spraying technology are described and discussed. The trends concern application fields as well as gun and feedstock characteristics. At the example of demountable draw bars it is shown that HVOF sprayed cermet coatings are capable to protect light weight material components subject to dynamical load against wear without detraction of fatigue strength. Personnel and production time savings can be exploited. High deposition efficiency at considerable powder feed rate, high density and negligible oxygen content in corrosion protective iron or nickel based coatings is achieved for spraying with newly developed HVOF guns operating at increased combustion chamber pressures. Also spraying of highly reactive materials like titanium under atmospheric conditions becomes feasible. A major obstacle for industrial use of respective coatings is the lack of adapted characterisation methods that permit to ascertain corrosion protective function. Ultrafine powder feedstock is used in order to reduce overall costs of wear protective cermet coatings due to the possibility to finish coatings by comparatively cheap belt grinding. However, it is shown that the replacement of coatings produced with conventional powder size fractions requires careful consideration of the particular tribological system. While cermet coatings produced with ultrafine powders outperform conventional coatings for sliding wear conditions, their capability to withstand dry abrasive wear stress is poor. The benefits concerning coating production costs may be outweighed by significantly decreased component life time.

Bernhard Wielage; Andreas Wank; Hanna Pokhmurska; Thomas Grund; Christian Rupprecht; Guido Reisel; Eduard Friesen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Changing Trends: A Brief History of the US Household Consumption of Energy, Water, Food, Beverages and Tobacco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at 215 million Btu. The rate of consumption generally increased until the oil price shocks of the midChanging Trends: A Brief History of the US Household Consumption of Energy, Water, Food, Beverages understand energy conservation policies, we take a brief look at the history in the US of consumption

132

A general assessment of the conservation status and decline trends of Mexican amphibians  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In comparison with the 364 taxa listed by the IUCN red list, the Mexican list of species at risk (NOM-059-ECOL-2001, Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales 2002) only includes 197 amphibian species (Ta...

Patricia Frías-Alvarez; J. Jaime Zúńiga-Vega…

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Asymptotics of a Boundary Crossing Probability of a Brownian Bridge with General Trend  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Let us consider a signal-plus-noise model ?h(z)+B 0(z), z ? [0,1], where ? > 0, h: [0,1] ? ?, and B 0 is a Brownian bridge. We establish the asymptotics for the boundary...P (sup ...

Wolfgang Bischoff; Frank Miller…

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Biofuels Issues and Trends - Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Full report Biofuels Issues and Trends Release date: October 15, 2012 (updated October 18, 2012 for cellulosic production and October 23, 2012 for RSF2 volume clarification) Highlights Biofuels is a collective term for liquid fuels derived from renewable sources, including ethanol, biodiesel, and other renewable liquid fuels. This report focuses on ethanol and biodiesel, the most widely available biofuels. From 2009 to the middle of 2012, the U.S. biofuels industry increased its output and prepared to meet an expanded Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2),1 which requires increasing volumes of biofuels use. In 2011, the biofuels industry transitioned away from tax incentives for non-cellulosic biofuels, which expired at the end of 2011. Annual ethanol and biodiesel consumption, production, imports, and exports during 2009-11

135

NERSC HPSS Storage Trends and Summaries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summaries Summaries Storage Trends and Summaries Total Bytes Utilized The growth in NERSC's storage systems amounts to roughly 1.7x per year. Total Bytes Utilized Number of Files Stored The growth in the number of files stored is less than the growth in the number of bytes stored as the average file size has increased over time. The average file size as of August 2003 is about 30 MB. The median file size is closer to 1 MB. Number of Files Monthly I/O The growth rate of I/O is roughly the same as the growth rate of the number of bytes stored. As a rough rule of thumb, the amount of I/O per month is about 10% to 14% of the amount of data residing in the storage systems. Additional graphs show the last 30 days of activity for the amount of I/O and the number of files transferred.

136

Energy Project Incentive Funds: Updates and Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Project Incentive Funds Project Incentive Funds Updates and Trends Elizabeth Stuart Lawrence Berkeley National Lab FUPWG Spring Meeting - April 20, 2011 EE Funding Overview * Ratepayer-funded EE budget $5.3B in 2010 - Plus over $1B for DR/LM and $1.5B for renewables * Expected to reach $6B for EE in 2011 - Nearly double the 2008 figure ($3.1B) * Strong expansion expected to 2020 - Total expected to reach $7.5-12.4B (EE only) * It's not just the usual suspects anymore - Recent entrants: NM, MI, NC, AR, VA, OH, PA, IN... EE Funding - Current Picture * ~ 45 states have ratepayer-funded EE * 2010 budget (EE only) $5.3B (source: CEE) - $4.4B in 2009, $3.1B in 2008 and $0.8B in 1998 - ~ 80% on electric side ($4.3B); ~20% for gas EE

137

IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Jump to: navigation, search Name IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials Agency/Company /Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass, Transportation Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Publications Website http://www.iea.org/papers/2010 Country Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar UN Region South-Eastern Asia References IEA Renewables in Southeast Asian Countries: Trends and Potentials[1] "A main focus of the report investigates the potentials and barriers for scaling up market penetration of renewable energy technologies (RETs) in

138

Price, costs and income trends for New Zealand pastoral farms.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An investigation of inflationary adjusted historical price trends of New Zealand pastoral farmers??? income and expenses over the past thirty years was investigated . The… (more)

Aitken, Tim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

ORNL technology transfer continues strong upward trend | ornl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ron Walli Communications 865.576.0226 ORNL technology transfer continues strong upward trend Mike Paulus, director of Technology Transfer, says initiatives like SPARK have been...

140

TRENDS IN THE ORGANIZATION OF WORK IN THE UNITED STATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Explored in this paper are the potential effects on the American capitalist system of the latest trends in technology and the division of labor.

Kershenbaum, Richard

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Trending and root cause analysis of TWRS radiological problem reports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides a uniform method for trending and performing root cause analysis for radiological problem reports at Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS).

Brown, R.L.

1997-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

142

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

www.iea.orgpapers2008indicators2008.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentworldwide-trends-energy-use-and-effic Language: English Policies:...

143

SciTech Connect: Blade Testing Trends (Presentation)  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Org: Other Non-EERE Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 17 WIND ENERGY BLADE TESTING; TRENDS; BIAXIAL TESTING; NATIONAL WIND TECHNOLOGY CENTER; NWTC;...

144

Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa AgencyCompany...

145

Draft General Conformity Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

I I Draft General Conformity Determination U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service MMS Cape Wind Energy Project January 2009 Final EIS Appendix I Draft General Conformity Determination Draft General Conformity Determination Cape Wind Energy Project Prepared by Minerals Management Service Herndon, VA November 2008 i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION TO THE PROPOSED ACTION............................................................... 1 2.0 GENERAL CONFORMITY REGULATORY BACKGROUND .......................................... 2 2.1 GENERAL CONFORMITY REQUIREMENTS.................................................................... 2 2.2 GENERAL CONFORMITY APPLICABILITY.....................................................................

146

11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 California Petroleum Supply, Transportation, Refining and Marketing Trends Chapter 2 CALIFORNIA PETROLEUM SUPPLY, TRANSPORTATION, REFINING AND MARKETING TRENDS INTRODUCTION California is an integral part of the world oil market as a world-scale petroleum consumer. Historically, about 50 percent of this petroleum

147

7, 1176111796, 2007 Global H2O trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vapour is the most important natural greenhouse gas in the atmosphere and plays an essential roleACPD 7, 11761­11796, 2007 Global H2O trends from satellite measurements S. Mieruch et al. Title Chemistry and Physics Discussions Analysis of global water vapour trends from satellite measurements

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

148

Trends in Building Energy Usage in Texas State Agencies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

figures for the fiscal years 1981 to 1983. While there is considerable diversity from agency to agency, the trend is toward dramatically higher energy cost per square foot for virtually all agencies. This alarming trend can be partially explained by rising...

Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.; O'Neal, D. L.; Seshan, S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

General | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Volver Pgina principal General banner.jpg Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGeneral&oldid519011" What links here Related changes Special pages Printable...

150

General User Proposals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General User Proposals Print General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS or the...

151

General User Proposals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office General User Proposals Print General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS...

152

NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool Agency/Company /Organization: National Energy Technology Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www.netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/refshelf/results.asp?ptype=Models/Too References: NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool [1] NETL - World CO2 Emissions - Projected Trends Tool This interactive tool enables the user to look at both total and power sector CO2 emissions from the use of coal, oil, or natural gas, over the period 1990 to 2030. One can use the tool to compare five of the larger CO2 emitters to each other or to overall world emissions. The data are from the

153

Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry Section 1101 of the U.S. Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT)1 calls for a report on the current trends in the workforce of (A) skilled technical personnel that support energy technology industries, and (B) electric power and transmission engineers. It also requests that the Secretary make recommendations (as appropriate) to meet the future labor requirements. Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry More Documents & Publications Statement of Patricia A. Hoffman, Deputy Director of Research and Development and Acting Chief Operating Officer, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability, Department of Energy before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources United States

154

General Indicators: Change from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Completed in 1 business day 81% -1% 100% - 78% 100% 80% Quality Inspections Completed 95% - - - - Utilities: See Definitions Document for descriptions of performance measures and specific color code target values. Trend status color indicators ­ identifies changes from the prior month: Steam/Chilled Water

Webb, Peter

155

General Indicators: Change from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

100 4 11 2 75 Completed in 1 business day 92% -5% 100% 100% 100% 100% 91% Quality Inspections measures and specific color code target values. Trend status color indicators ­ identifies changes from the prior month: 100% 50% 70% - All Districts Combined 0 Electric 0 District Breakdown Steam/Chilled Water

Webb, Peter

156

General Indicators: Change from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

100 0 5 3 84 Completed in 1 business day 97% +16% 100% - 100% 100% 96% Quality Inspections Completed-FLS 86% -7% 70% Key: See Definitions Document for descriptions of performance measures and specific color code target values. Trend status color indicators ­ identifies changes from the prior month: Steam

Webb, Peter

157

General Indicators: Change from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

100 8 14 5 119 Completed in 1 business day 97% +17% 100% 88% 93% 100% 98% Quality Inspections measures and specific color code target values. Trend status color indicators ­ identifies changes from the prior month: All Districts Combined 0 Electric 2 District Breakdown Steam/Chilled Water - 55% 39

Webb, Peter

158

General Indicators: Change from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% 100% 100% 67% 98% Quality Inspections Completed 100% No Change 95% 100% 100% 100% 100% Utilities Definitions Document for descriptions of performance measures and specific color code target values. Trend District Breakdown Steam/Chilled Water - 76% 92% - Improvement No Change Met Target Requires Review

Webb, Peter

159

General Indicators: Change from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's): Quantity 10 No Change 100 1 1 3 5 Completed in 1 business day 70% -10% 100% 100% 0% 100% 60% Quality measures and specific color code target values. Trend status color indicators ­ identifies changes from the prior month: Steam/Chilled Water Electric 84% 84% 4 3 - - Met Target Requires ReviewMissed Target

Webb, Peter

160

Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2004TREND 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences Shew, Santiago Triana, Daniel Zimmerman, and John Rodgers #12;Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2004TREND 2004 Our Goals: u

Anlage, Steven

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2003TREND 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences, Woodrow Shew, Daniel Sisan, Santiago Triana, Daniel Zimmerman #12;Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear DynamicsTraining and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics TREND 2003TREND 2003 Our Goal: u

Anlage, Steven

162

Structural styles of the Wilcox and Frio growth-fault trends in Texas: Constraints on geopressured reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The wide variability in structural styles within the growth-faulted, geopressured trends of the Texas Gulf Coast is illustrated by detailed structural maps of selected areas of the Wilcox and Frio growth-fault trends and quantified by statistical analysis of fault compartment geometries. Structural variability is a key determinant of the size of geopressured aquifers in the deep subsurface. Two major structural styles exist in the Wilcox trend. (1) In southeast and Central Texas, the trend consists of continuous, closely spaced faults that have little associated rollover despite moderate expansion of section; the fault plane flattens little with depth. (2) By contrast, in South Texas a narrow band of growth faults having high expansion and moderate rollover lies above and downdip of a ridge of deformed, overpressured shale but updip of a deep basin formed by withdrawal of overpressured shale. Frio fault systems generally display greater rollover and wider spacing than do Wilcox fault systems; however, the Frio trend displays distinctive features in each study area. Most of the Frio growth faults, however, have a similar geometry, showing substantial rollover, expansion of section, and a moderate flattening of the fault zone with depth, possibly related to a deep decollement surface. The local variability in style is related to the magnitude of Frio sedimentation and progradation and to the presence of thick salt or shale. Finding and developing a large geopressured aquifer require recognition of a favorable combination of sand-body geometry, reservoir quality, and fault compartment size and shape.

Ewing, T.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Suicide: Value changes and current trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review, Volume 31, August 1966; Martin Gold, "Suicide, Homicide and the Socialization of Aggression," in Devi ant Behavior and Social Process, edited by William A. Rushing, (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1969); Robert Hagedorn and Sanford Labovitz, "Note..., Values, and Sanctions," in Robert E. L. Fan's, editor, Handbook of Modern Sociology, (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1964); Clyde Kluckhohn, "Values and Value Orientations, 1 in Talcott Parsons and Edward A. Shils, editors, Toward A General Theory of Action...

Savells, Jerald; Bowen, Bonnie

1975-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

RECENT TRENDS IN EMERGING TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abundance of energy can be improved both by developing new sources of fuel and by improving efficiency of energy utilization, although we really need to pursue both paths to improve energy accessibility in the future. Currently, 2.7 billion people or 38% of the world s population do not have access to modern cooking fuel and depend on wood or dung and 1.4 billion people or 20% do not have access to electricity. It is estimated that correcting these deficiencies will require an investment of $36 billion dollars annually through 2030. In growing economies, energy use and economic growth are strongly linked, but energy use generally grows at a lower rate due to increased access to modern fuels and adaptation of modern, more efficient technology. Reducing environmental impacts of increased energy consumption such as global warming or regional emissions will require improved technology, renewable fuels, and CO2 reuse or sequestration. The increase in energy utilization will probably result in increased transportation fuel diversity as fuels are shaped by availability of local resources, world trade, and governmental, environmental, and economic policies. The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the recently emerging trends, but not to suggest winners. This paper will focus on liquid transportation fuels, which provide the highest energy density and best match with existing vehicles and infrastructure. Data is taken from a variety of US, European, and other sources without an attempt to normalize or combine the various data sources. Liquid transportation fuels can be derived from conventional hydrocarbon resources (crude oil), unconventional hydrocarbon resources (oil sands or oil shale), and biological feedstocks through a variety of biochemical or thermo chemical processes, or by converting natural gas or coal to liquids.

Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

U.S. Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends Railroad Safety Statistics and Trends Robert E. Fronczak, P.E. Assistant VP- Environment & Hazmat Association of American Railroads Transportation External Coordination Working Group Meeting September 21, 2005 Railroad Safety: Topics Safety Statistics & Trends Train Safety (Train Accidents) Employee Safety Hazardous Materials Safety U.S. Railroad Safety Statistics: Main Themes Railroads have dramatically improved safety over the last two and a half decades. Railroads compare favorably with other industries & transportation modes. The most troubling railroad safety problems arise from factors largely outside railroad control. Railroads have implemented numerous and effective technological improvements and company-wide safety programs.

166

September 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends September 4 Webinar to Explore Renewable Energy Market Trends August 21, 2013 - 12:18pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy, the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Tribal Energy Program, and the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) will present the next Tribal Renewable Energy Series webinar, "Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends," on Wednesday, September 4, 2013, from 1:00 p.m. to 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. "There are many factors that will drive the growth of the renewable energy market and influence the pace of that growth," said Randy Manion, Renewable Energy Program Manager at WAPA. "Among them are growing awareness of the many benefits associated with a low-carbon economy,

167

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Focus Area: Power Plant Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.iea.org/papers/2008/indicators_2008.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/worldwide-trends-energy-use-and-effic Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Deployment Programs" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property.

168

Future Trends in Nuclear Power Generation [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Future Trends in Nuclear Power Generation [and Discussion...the Calder Hall reactors were ordered...building and operating nuclear power stations...situations, a high nuclear share of new capacity...1980s. The fast reactor, prototypes of...

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Variability of the Australian Monsoon and Precipitation Trends at Darwin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An atmospheric classification for northwestern Australia is used to define periods of monsoon activity and investigate the interannual and intraseasonal variability of the Australian monsoon, as well as long-term precipitation trends at Darwin. ...

Stuart Evans; Roger Marchand; Thomas Ackerman

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Trends in high-performance computing for engineering calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...James DeBonis Trends in high-performance computing for engineering calculations...and the environment . High-performance computing has evolved remarkably...application developers. high-performance computing|multicore|manycore...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Trends and Opportunities in Industrial Hazardous Waste Minimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes trends and opportunities in Resource Conservation and Recovery Act hazardous waste minimization. It uses U.S. Environmental Protection Agency data gathered since 1989 from over 20,000 facilities that account for almost all...

Atlas, M.

172

Recent Trends in Emerging Transportation Fuels and Energy Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several recent trends indicate current developments in energy and transportation fuels. World trade in biofuels is developing in ethanol, wood chips, and vegetable oil / biodiesel with some countries being exp...

B. G. Bunting

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Positron Computed Tomography: Current State, Clinical Results and Future Trends  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

An overview is presented of positron computed tomography: its advantages over single photon emission tomography, its use in metabolic studies of the heart and chemical investigation of the brain, and future trends. (ACR)

Schelbert, H. R.; Phelps, M. E.; Kuhl, D. E.

1980-09-00T23:59:59.000Z

174

Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with deeper, NNW conductors. These conductors are believed to repre-sent zones of saline fluids whose collection is pro-moted by opening of these structural trends with the...

175

California’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmed1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmed1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmed

Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Trends in demand for retail and wholesale cuts of meat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Approved as to style and content by: Donald E. Farris (Chair of Committee) Carl E. Shafer (Member) Rudo J...

Holloway, David Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

177

Real-time trend monitoring of gas compressor stations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors' company has developed a machinery health monitoring system (MHealth) for short-term and long-term historical trending and analysis of data from its 40 gas compressor stations. The author discusses the benefits of real-time trending in troubleshooting operations, in preventative maintenance scheduling and cites specific applications in the startup operations of several new gas compressor/centrifugal compressor units.

Van Hardeveld, T. (Nova, an Alberta Corp., AB (Canada))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Performance trends for POD as measured in the ICON project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Base line probability of detection (POD) data is often obtained under semi-ideal conditions such as laboratory diving trials. This performance may be affected by in-service complications such as deep water, corrosion, method of deployment, and also specimen material and geometry. The ICON project has included a wide range of test conditions allowing the development of performance trends to predict POD under non ideal conditions. Examples of these performance trends will be described in the paper.

Rudlin, J.; Dover, W.D. [University College London (United Kingdom). NDE Centre

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

179

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption and Energy Sources - Part 1 Energy Consumption and Energy Sources - Part 1 Part 2. Energy Intensity Data Tables Total Energy Consumption Consumption by Energy Source Background: Site and Primary Energy Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Part 1. Energy Consumption The CBECS collects energy consumption statistics from energy suppliers for four major energy sources—electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat—and collects information from the sampled buildings on the use of the four major sources and other energy sources (e.g., district chilled water, solar, wood). Energy consumed in commercial buildings is a significant fraction of that consumed in all end-use sectors. In 2000, about 17 percent of total energy was consumed in the commercial sector. Total Energy Consumption

180

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings and Floorspace  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Trends in Buildings Floorspace Data tables Commercial Buildings Trend—Detail Commercial Floorspace Trend—Detail Background: Adjustment to data Trends in Buildings and Floorspace Each year buildings are added to and removed from the commercial buildings sector. Buildings are added by new construction or conversion of existing buildings from noncommercial to commercial activity. Buildings are removed by demolition or conversion from commercial to noncommercial activity. Number of Commercial Buildings In 1979, the Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey estimated that there were 3.8 million commercial buildings in the United States; by 1992, the number increased 27 percent to 4.8 million (an average annual increase of 1.8%) (Figure 1). In 1995, the estimated number declined to 4.6 million buildings, but it is unlikely that there was an actual decline in the number of buildings. To understand the apparent decline, two factors should be considered—the change in the way that the target population of commercial buildings was defined in 1995 and the uncertainty of estimates from sample surveys:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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181

Trap types vs productivity of significant Wilcox gas fields in the south Texas, listric growth fault trend, and the divergent origin of its two largest producers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detailed mapping and analysis of 23 Wilcox fields in the subject trend indicates that gas production is related to trap type. Of total cumulative production of 3.4 TCFG, 65% is from upthrown fault blocks implying very effective fault seals due to differential pressure and/or shale smears. NE Thompsonville and Bob West fields have produced 650 and 200 BCFG, respectively, with 400 BCFG remaining reserves in the latter. The field structures are not attributed to listric growth faulting, as is suggested by their trend location. NE Thompsonville is a 9-mile-long turtle structure that originated through depositional loading of an upper slope basin, followed by tilting, and then eventual collapse of a sediment squeeze-up mound due to gravitational instability. These events provide an excellent example of basin evolution through sediment loading accompanied by withdrawal of a salt-shale substrate; the basin flanks are defined by basin-dipping listric faulting that accommodated subsidence and merge beneath its floor. Bob West Field lies along the edge of the Laramide fold belt. The 1-1/2 x 4 mile field anticline adjoins a deep-seated fault that slices over and across a buried structural ridge of probable Cretaceous age. Uplift of the latter, immediately following deposition of 20+ stacked, shelf-bar producing sands, upwarped the fault and resulted in rollover growth of the Wilcox anticline. The fault shows no downward decrease in dip typical of listric faults. NE Thompsonville and Bob West fields both produce upthrown along crestal faults. This analysis indicates that {open_quotes}high-side{close_quotes} closures, irrespective of diverse origins, have achieved head-of-the-class stature as Wilcox gas producers.

Stricklin, F.L. Jr. [Wilcox Exploration Enterprises, Woodlands, TX (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Letting The Sun Shine On Solar Costs: An Empirical Investigation Of Photovoltaic Cost Trends In California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC COST TRENDS IN CALIFORNIA RyanInvestigation of Photovoltaic Cost Trends in California”,cost of customer-sited, grid-connected solar photovoltaic (

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Cappers, Peter; Margolis, Robert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced technology trend Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

trend Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced technology trend Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GLOBAL ISSUES IN NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT...

184

DOE General Competencies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The DOE General Competencies are the personal and professional attributes that are critical to successful performance.  A competency model is a collection of competencies that together define...

185

General User Proposals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Proposals Print General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS or the Participating Research...

186

DataTrends Energy Use in Office Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office Buildings Office Buildings The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 1,000 kBtu/ft 2 across all office buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 7 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further

187

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 Trends in Economic Activity Figure 32. Average annual growth rates fo real GDP, labor force, and productivity, 2006-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 33. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates, 2006-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data AEO2008 Presents Three Views of Economic Growth AEO2008 presents three views of economic growth for the 2006-2030 projection period. Economic growth depends mainly on growth in the labor force and productivity. In the reference case, the labor force grows by an average of 0.7 percent per year; labor productivity in the nonfarm business

188

DataTrends Energy Use in K-12 Schools  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

K-12 Schools K-12 Schools The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 50 to more than 500 kBtu/ft 2 across all K-12 School buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 4 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further

189

ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager Data Trends: Energy Use In Hotels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hotels Hotels The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 800 kBtu/ft 2 across all hotel buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using almost 4 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further away from

190

Portfolio Manager DataTrends | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Portfolio Manager DataTrends Portfolio Manager DataTrends Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section How can we help you? Find out who's partnered with ENERGY STAR Become an ENERGY STAR partner Find ENERGY STAR certified buildings and plants ENERGY STAR certification Featured research and reports Portfolio Manager DataTrends ENERGY STAR Snapshot Energy strategy for the future

191

DataTrends Energy Use in Retail Stores  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Retail Stores Retail Stores The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 800 kBtu/ft 2 across all retail buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using more than 3 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further away from

192

Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends Keeping Pace with LED Lighting Trends October 23, 2013 - 10:41am Addthis This year's SSL Market Introduction Workshop will take place in Portland, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Travel Portland This year's SSL Market Introduction Workshop will take place in Portland, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Travel Portland Jim Brodrick Lighting Program Manager Rapid advances in solid-state lighting (SSL) technology are reducing the cost, improving the performance and quality, and bringing new lighting options--light emitting diodes (LEDs) to the market. But for lighting and energy efficiency industry professionals this seemingly good news can be "too much of a good thing." Imagine the challenge of making smart institutional purchasing decisions or designing

193

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Trends in Economic Activity AEO2009 Presents Three Views of Economic Growth Figure 27. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labor force, and productivity in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 28. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 29. Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

194

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Market Drivers Index (click to jump links) Trends in Economic Activity International Oil Markets Figure 38. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Trends in Economic Activity Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue The output of the Nation's economy, measured by gross domestic product (GDP), is projected to grow by 3.0 percent per year between 2002 and 2025 (with GDP based on 1996 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 38). The projected growth rate is slightly lower than the 3.1-percent rate projected in AEO2003. The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year

195

Issues and Trends: Natural Gas - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Issues and Trends: Natural Gas Issues and Trends: Natural Gas Updated: November 25, 2013 For prior report data see Natural Gas Year-in-Review archives EIA's Natural Gas Issues and Trends highlights timely information and analyses on natural gas markets. Natural gas prices reflect decreasing seasonality. Today in Energy, November 20, 2013 Increased Northeast natural gas production reduces net inflow of supply from other areas. Today in Energy, November 19, 2013 Gas pipeline expansions reduce Marcellus backup, New York gas prices. Natural Gas Weekly Update, November 13, 2013 EIA projects lower natural gas use this winter. Natural Gas Weekly Update, October 31, 2013 Northeast net imports from Canada plummet, driven by export growth at Niagara Falls. Natural Gas Weekly Update, October 10, 2013

196

Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Yellowstone National Park- Inferences From River Solute Fluxes Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Spatial And Temporal Geochemical Trends In The Hydrothermal System Of Yellowstone National Park- Inferences From River Solute Fluxes Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We present and analyze a chemical dataset that includes the concentrations and fluxes of HCO3-, SO42-, Cl-, and F- in the major rivers draining Yellowstone National Park (YNP) for the 2002-2004 water years (1 October 2001 - 30 September 2004). The total (molar) flux in all rivers decreases in the following order, HCO3- > Cl- > SO42- > F-, but each river is characterized by a distinct chemical composition, implying large-scale

197

Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends Webinar | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Market Expectations and Trends Webinar Market Expectations and Trends Webinar Renewable Energy Market Expectations and Trends Webinar September 4, 2013 11:00AM MDT Webinar The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Tribal Energy Program, and Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) are pleased to continue their sponsorship of the Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar Series. The webinar will be held from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Mountain time. The growth and pace of the renewable energy market will be driven by many factors, including awareness and concern over remaining non-renewable resources, the need for imported energy and the security issues surrounding that need, and government support and financial incentives. Participants

198

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area is one of the largest reservoirs in the domestic U.S. and is the largest reservoir in area extent in the world. Production from Spraberry sands is found over a 2,500 sq. mile area and Spraberry reservoirs can be found in an eight county area in west Texas. Over 150 operators produce 65,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) from the Spraberry Trend Area from more than 9,000 production wells. Recovery is poor, on the order of 7-10% due to the profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, yet billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain. We estimate over 15% of remaining reserves in domestic Class III reservoirs are in Spraberry Trend Area reservoirs. This tremendous domestic asset is a prime example of an endangered hydrocarbon resource in need of immediate technological advancements before thousands of wells are permanently abandoned. This report describes the final work of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area.'' The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. This objective has been accomplished through research in three areas: (1) detail historical review and extensive reservoir characterization, (2) production data management, and (3) field demonstration. This provides results of the final year of the three-year project for each of the three areas.

David S. Schechter

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

199

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

APP-005 APP-005 Planning for and Measuring Office of Inspector General Results FY 2002 Annual Performance Report and FY 2003 Annual Performance Plan Office of Inspector General U.S. Department of Energy Inspector General's Message We are pleased to present the Office of Inspector General's (OIG) consolidated Fiscal Year 2002 Annual Performance Report and Fiscal Year 2003 Annual Performance Plan. This document evaluates our actual Fiscal Year (FY) 2002 performance and establishes the performance goals and strategies we will pursue in FY 2003 to fulfill our mission. As mandated by the Inspector General Act, the OIG promotes the effective, efficient, and economical operation of the Department of Energy's programs and operations, including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA).

200

Generalized Galilean Genesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The galilean genesis scenario is an alternative to inflation in which the universe starts expanding from Minkowski in the asymptotic past by violating the null energy condition stably. Several concrete models of galilean genesis have been constructed so far within the context of galileon-type scalar-field theories. We give a generic, unified description of the galilean genesis scenario in terms of the Horndeski theory, i.e., the most general scalar-tensor theory with second-order field equations. In doing so we generalize the previous models to have a new parameter (denoted by {\\alpha}) which results in controlling the evolution of the Hubble rate. The background dynamics is investigated to show that the generalized galilean genesis solution is an attractor, similarly to the original model. We also study the nature of primordial perturbations in the generalized galilean genesis scenario. In all the models described by our generalized genesis Lagrangian, amplification of tensor perturbations does not occur as ...

Nishi, Sakine

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Long-term historical trends in gasoline properties are charted  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trends in motor gasolines between 1942 and 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in motor gasoline surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. They have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute since 1949. A typical report covers 2,400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots and properties obtained from a dozen different tests.

Shelton, E.M.; Whisman, M.L.; Woodward, P.W.

1982-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

202

Understanding the China energy market: trends and opportunities 2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report is broken up into 4 Sections: Section I - Overview of China Energy Market (historical background, market value, consumption, production, reserves, export and import, market segmentation, market forecast); Section II - Market Analysis (PEST analysis, Porter's five forces analysis, socio-economic trends, consumption trends); Section III - Market Segments (electricity, oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquid petroleum gas, nuclear power, coal, renewables, photovoltaics, wind power, hydroelectric power. Each market segment details current and planned projects, and lists participants in that sector); and Section IV - Breaking Into the Market (regulatory framework, methods of market entry, foreign investment, challenges, government agencies).

Barbara Drazga

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

Ethylene from NGL feedstocks. Part 1-Trends favoring NGL feedstocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses current trends that are making natural gas liquids (NGL) more attractive feedstocks for olefin plants than mid-distillates and heavier oils. Two of the trends examined involve motor gasoline production: that the volume consumed is decreasing and the percent of unleaded gasoline is increasing. This means that it will be difficult to blend light straight-run gasoline, natural gasoline and aromatics plant raffinate into the gasoline pool, due to the very low octane of each material. It is indicated, however, that they will make excellent feedstocks for ethylene plants.

Zack, R.S.; Skamser, R.O.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Bloomberg New Energy Finance Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Market analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: fs-unep-centre.org/publications/global-trends-renewable-energy-investm UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Screenshot References: UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011[1] The Global Trends Report 2011 offers an elaborate analysis of Trends and Issues in the financing of renewable energy. "The Global Trends Report 2011 offers an elaborate analysis of Trends and

205

DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: DOE Energy Technology Prices and Trends Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: energy.gov/prices-trends Country: United States Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

206

EIA - AEO2010 - Energy intensity trends in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

intensity trends in AEO2010 intensity trends in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Figure 17. Trends in U.S. oil prices, energy consumption, and economic output, 1950-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Energy intensity trends in AEO2010 Energy intensity—energy consumption per dollar of real GDP—indicates how much energy a country uses to produce its goods and services. From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, U.S. total primary energy consumption and real GDP increased at nearly the same annual rate (Figure 17). During that period, real oil prices remained virtually flat. In contrast, from the mid-1970s to 2008, the relationship between energy consumption and real GDP growth changed, with primary energy consumption growing at less than one-third the previous average rate and real GDP growth continuing to grow at its historical rate. The decoupling of real GDP growth from energy consumption growth led to a decline in energy intensity that averaged 2.8 percent per year from 1973 to 2008. In the AEO2010 Reference case, energy intensity continues to decline, at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent from 2008 to 2035.

207

De-trending of turbulence measurements Kurt S. Hansen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it is possible to estimate an approximate (linear) trend correction based on statistical data only. This paper, DK-2800 Lyngby; E-mail: ksh@mek.dtu.dk; Phone: +45 4525 4318 2 Risø National Laboratories - DTU, Wind Energy Department, P.O. 49, DK-4000 Roskilde; E-mail: gunner.larsen@risoe.dk; Phone: +45 4677 5056

208

29 National Statistics Population Trends 106 Winter 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provided by the Office for National Statistics on migra- tion of the employed by citizenship.They indicate29 National Statistics Population Trends 106 Winter 2001 International migration to and from the United Kingdom since 1975, with a particular focus on those in employment,and drew on many sources

Jones, Peter JS

209

Nine Charts on Recent Trends in Employment Growth in Wisconsin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics ­the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages-- enables us to assess Nine Charts on Recent Trends in Employment #12; 2 The latest release of the most comprehensive and reliable state employment data from

Saldin, Dilano

210

Status and Trends of Irrigated Agriculture in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Status and Trends of Irrigated Agriculture in Texas Irrigation is critical to our food production and food security and is a vital component of Texas' productive agricultural economy.Texas ranks third in the United States in both agricultural acres irrigated and irrigation water applied. Significant advances

211

WEB N.0, THE NEW DEVELOPMENT TREND OF INTERNET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy which can be equal to the mainstream market. The internet provides a good groundWEB N.0, THE NEW DEVELOPMENT TREND OF INTERNET Zhiguo Sun, Wensheng Wang Agricultural Information: This article analyzes the Internet basic theory, the network foundation environment and the user behavior

Boyer, Edmond

212

Structural and bonding trends in platinum-carbon clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Trends in stability, Pt+-Cx binding energy, doublet-quartet excitation energy, and Pt-C bond lengths were investigated. Explanations for these patterns are provided in terms of orbital interactions and changes imposed on the carbon-chain by the metal...

Miller, Thomas F

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

213

A Comprehensive Survey of Trends in Oracles for Software Testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

therefore find ourselves in a position where the automated generation of test inputs is increasingly being. Of course, one might hope that the software under test has been developed with respect to excellent design-for-test1 A Comprehensive Survey of Trends in Oracles for Software Testing Mark Harman, Phil Mc

McMinn, Phil

214

CONTAINERIZATION AND RELATED TRENDS AT TEXAS DEEP WATER PORTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0-5538-P2 CONTAINERIZATION AND RELATED TRENDS AT TEXAS DEEP WATER PORTS Robert Harrison Nathan. At present, four Texas deep-water ports rank in the top 10 U.S water ports by shipment weight given by the Project Director, Raul Cantu, P.E., (TPP) and Program Coordinator, Mario Medina, P.E., (LRD

Texas at Austin, University of

215

Testing for a Trend in a Partially Incomplete Hurricane Record  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The record of annual counts of basinwide North Atlantic hurricanes is incomplete prior to 1946. This has restricted efforts to identify a long-term trend in hurricane activity to the postwar period. In contrast, the complete record of U.S. ...

Andrew R. Solow; Laura Moore

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Emerging Trends in Failures Involving EPS-Block Geofoam Fills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emerging Trends in Failures Involving EPS-Block Geofoam Fills John S. Horvath, Ph.D., P.E., M.ASCE1 Abstract: Expanded polystyrene EPS is a closed-cell polymeric "plastic" foam that, in its generic block is due to the fact that block-molded EPS is unique among geofoam products for the large and diverse

Horvath, John S.

217

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies Bengt Hillring SLU SWEDEN http is the main international energy source · Climate change ­ Energy production ­ CO2 · European Union different the plans to increase #12;#12;Energy Sector Waste Sector Recovered Wood Sawdust Logging Residues Forest

218

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges Romeo Pacudan, PhD Risoe National · Prospects for electricity development · Investment requirements · Key challenges · Final remarks #12 and the transport burden in Tanzania. Source: Modi, 2004 #12;2. Energy and Human Development Access to electricity

219

Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 11:42am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Once a Federal agency has identified its most important mobile greenhouse gas (GHG) emission sources overall, it can work with individual sites to determine vehicle usage and refueling trends. Agencies can compare the results of this analysis to internal standards and requirements to identify GHG mitigation opportunities for assets that are underperforming or underutilized. Two examples of this type of analysis focus on: Alternative fuel consumption Vehicle utilization. Figure 1 - An image of a vertical, stacked bar chart titled 'Alternative Fuel Use in AFVs.' The frequency data axis is labeled 'Gallons of Gasoline Equivalent' with a scale of 0-1,400,000 in increments of 200,000. The stacked bar labeled 'CNG Dual Fuel Vehicles' shows CNG from 0-300,000 gallons and Gasoline from 300,000-800,000 gallons. The stacked bar labeled 'E-85 Flex Fuel Vehicles' shows E85 from 0-1,000,000 gallons and Gasoline from 1,000,000-1,250,000 gallons.

220

The Memory Hierarchy l Storage technologies and trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1 The Memory Hierarchy l Topics l Storage technologies and trends l Locality of reference l Caching in the memory hierarchy CS211 Computer Architecture 2 Memory until now... l We've relied on a very simple model of memory for most this class l Main Memory is a linear array of bytes that can be accessed

Badrinath, B. R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

STATISTICS OF PRECIPITATION EXTREMES: QUANTIFYING CONFIDENCE IN TRENDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 STATISTICS OF PRECIPITATION EXTREMES: QUANTIFYING CONFIDENCE IN TRENDS Rick Katz Institute of the validity of this analysis." -- Emil Gumbel #12;3 Outline (1) Introduction (2) Extreme Value Analysis under Stationarity: Classical Approach (3) Extreme Value Analysis under Stationarity: Modern Approach (4) Extreme

Katz, Richard

222

general_atomics.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

former General former General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was constructed in 1959 and operated until 1991. The site encompassed approximately 7,400 square feet of laboratory and remote operations cells. Licensed operations at the facility included receipt, handling, and shipment of radioactive materials; remote handling, examination, and storage of previously irradiated nuclear fuel materials; pilot-scale tritium extraction operations; and development, fabrication, and inspection of uranium oxide-beryllium oxide fuel materials. General Atomics performed most of the work for the federal government. The General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was located in a 60-acre complex 13 miles northwest of downtown San Diego, 1 mile inland from the Pacific Ocean, and approximately 300 feet above sea level.

223

general_atomics.cdr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

former former General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was constructed in 1959 and operated until 1991. The site encompassed approximately 7,400 square feet of laboratory and remote operations cells. Licensed operations at the facility included receipt, handling, and shipment of radioactive materials; remote handling, examination, and storage of previously irradiated nuclear fuel materials; pilot-scale tritium extraction operations; and development, fabrication, and inspection of uranium oxide-beryllium oxide fuel materials. General Atomics performed most of the work for the federal government. The General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was located in a 60-acre complex 13 miles northwest of downtown San Diego, 1 mile inland from the Pacific Ocean, and approximately 300 feet above sea level. The General Atomics site is in the center of Torrey Mesa Science Center, a 304-acre industrial

224

MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL Page 1 of 4 HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL Position: Quality & Safety and efficacy of our practice, reporting this data out to department clinicians, senior leadership and hospital hospital and department groups, exceptional interpersonal, communication, project organization, time

Adams, Mark

225

1 General Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 General Information. 1.1 Class time / location: TTh 9-10:15, REC 114. 1.2 Office Hours: T 1:00-2:30 and Th 12:00-1:00. 1.3 Textbook: Elementary differential ...

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

226

general_atomics.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

300 feet above sea level. The General Atomics site is in the center of Torrey Mesa Science Center, a 304-acre industrial park. No ground water wells are at or near the Hot Cell...

227

General User Proposals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Proposals Print Tuesday, 01 June 2010 09:36 General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS...

228

Introduction: General Landslide Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Highlights for several papers included in the “general landslide” session for the 3rd World Landslide Forum are presented. Topics range from early warning systems and modelling to geomorphology and solid waste...

Peter Bobrowsky; Yueping Yin…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

General relativity and experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The confrontation between Einstein's theory of gravitation and experiment is summarized. Although all current experimental data are compatible with general relativity, the importance of pursuing the quest for possible deviations from Einstein's theory is emphasized.

T. Damour

1994-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

230

2011 IAEA General Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2011 IAEA General Conference 2011 IAEA General Conference Remarks as Prepared for Delivery Secretary Steven Chu Monday, September 19, 2011 Thank you, Ambassador Feruta. Congratulations on your election as President of this Conference. I also want to thank Director General Amano for his outstanding leadership. I am honored to represent the United States today, and I want to share a message from President Barack Obama: "On behalf of the United States, please accept my best wishes for a successful International Atomic Energy Agency General Conference. This year's meeting takes place against the backdrop of the severe earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan in March and the devastating accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station that followed. Along with

231

Symmetric generalized binomial distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In two recent articles, we have examined a generalization of the binomial distribution associated with a sequence of positive numbers, involving asymmetric expressions of probabilities that break the symmetry win-loss. We present in this article another generalization (always associated with a sequence of positive numbers) that preserves the symmetry win-loss. This approach is also based on generating functions and presents constraints of non-negativeness, similar to those encountered in our previous articles.

Bergeron, H. [Univ Paris-Sud, ISMO, UMR 8214, 91405 Orsay (France)] [Univ Paris-Sud, ISMO, UMR 8214, 91405 Orsay (France); Curado, E. M. F. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Instituto Nacional de Cięncia e Tecnologia - Sistemas Complexos, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Gazeau, J. P. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); APC, UMR 7164, Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75205 Paris (France); Rodrigues, Ligia M. C. S., E-mail: herve.bergeron@u-psud.fr, E-mail: evaldo@cbpf.br, E-mail: gazeau@apc.univ-paris7.fr, E-mail: ligia@cbpf.br [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

World petrochemical outlook: Is the current weakness a trend or an aberration?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While the focus of this conference is methanol, a review of the general petrochemical industry might be enlightening and valuable to understanding the methanol market. Methanol is certainly a commodity with similarities to hydrocarbons such as gasoline and similarities to base petrochemicals such as ethylene. Methanol stands with one foot in the fuels market via MTBE and the other in the chemicals business for acetic acid and formaldehyde, among many others. Is the world petrochemical market moving into a new trend of weak prices and profits or is the strong growth seen in 1994 and 1995 continuing and the current situation an aberration? In order to determine whether the current market is a trend or aberration, the author looks at issues that he believes caused the current situation and then considers where the world`s economies and petrochemical markets are heading. The issues discussed are: unusually high price increase in a short period; inventory increase/decrease because of price changes; reduction in demand caused by high prices; increase in capacity caused by high prices; changes in growth of world economies; and political/economic issues in China.

Baggett, P.E. [CMAI, Houston, TX (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

233

Reply to comment by Claude Michel on ``A general power equation for predicting bed load transport rates in gravel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reply to comment by Claude Michel on ``A general power equation for predicting bed load transport Michel on ``A general power equation for predicting bed load transport rates in gravel bed rivers of our transport equation. [2] Although some bed load transport data exhibit non- linear trends in log

234

Stellar Evolution with Enriched Surface Convection Zones I. General Effects of Planet Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abundance analyses of stars with planets have revealed that their metallicities are enhanced relative to field stars. Such a trend was originally suggested to be due to accretion of iron-rich planetary material. Based on this assumption, we have developed a stellar evolution code to model stars with non-uniform metallicity distributions. We have calculated ``polluted'' stellar evolution tracks for stars with M=0.9-1.2 M_sun. Our models encompass a range of initial metal content from Z=0.01 to 0.03, and include metallicity enhancements within the stellar convection zone corresponding to Delta-Z=0.005-0.03. We find that the primary effects of metal enhancement on stellar structure and evolution are expansion of the convection zone and downward shift of effective temperature. In addition, we have computed the surface metallicities expected for stars of different mass for fixed quantities of pollution; there appears to be no correlation with present observational data on the metallicities of stars known to harbor planets.

Ann Marie Cody; Dimitar Sasselov

2004-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

235

General Employee Radiological Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Not Measurement Not Measurement Sensitive DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 December 2007_______ Change Notice 1 Reaffirmed 2013 DOE HANDBOOK GENERAL EMPLOYEE RADIOLOGICAL TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ Change 1 DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 Original Change Part 2 page 5 The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 360 millirem/year. The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 620 millirem/year. Part 2 page 5 Natural background radiation is by far the

236

General User Proposal Scores  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General User Proposal Scores General User Proposal Scores General User Proposal Scores Print Tuesday, 01 June 2010 10:34 Scoring Proposals are scored on a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being the best score and 5 the worst. Reviewers are requested to use the following ranking schema: Must do High Priority Medium Priority Low priority Don't do Beam time is assigned based on each proposal's score in relation to all other proposals for a given beamline. For beamlines where beamtime requests exceed available beamtime, a cutoff score is assigned after which no beam time is allocated. proposal scores Beam Time Cutoff Scores for the Current Cycle The table below lists the percent of beam time shifts allocated/requested for each beamline, and the cutoff scores, below which no beam time was assigned.

237

General Employee Radiological Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

_______ _______ Change Notice 1 June 2009 DOE HANDBOOK GENERAL EMPLOYEE RADIOLOGICAL TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Not Measurement Sensitive This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ Change 1 DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 Original Change Part 2 page 5 The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 360 millirem/year. The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 620 millirem/year. Part 2 page 5 Natural background radiation is by far the

238

NEWTON's General Science References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General Science References General Science References Do you have a great general science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: First.gov Science and Technology First.gov Science and Technology This site, sponsered by the US Government provides reference links to topics on science, telecommunications, computers, research agencies, and news. NASA Science NASA Science NASA Science, is a website sponsered by NASA, that supplies resources for understanding our world and the world above. Topics include earth science, heliophysics, the planets, astrophysics and much more. There is also an educator page! Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories See the official site for the Nobel Prize, and read biographies about all of the Nobel Laureates, and there life changing discoveries and accomplishments.

239

Generalized coherent states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the coherent state of the harmonic oscillator, the probability density is that of the ground state subjected to an oscillation along a classical trajectory. Senitzky and others pointed out that there are states of the harmonic oscillator corresponding to an identical oscillatory displacement of the probability density of any energy eigenstate. These generalizations of the coherent state are rarely discussed, yet they furnish an interesting set of quantum states of light that combine features of number states and coherent states. Here we give an elementary account of the quantum optics of generalized coherent states.

T. G. Philbin

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

240

Recovery of CO2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CO CO 2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends Originally presented at the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineers annual meeting October 4-6, 1999, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Authors: Dan G. Chapel (dan.chapel@fluor.com; 949-349-7530) Carl L. Mariz (carl.mariz@fluor.com; 949-349-7530) FluorDaniel One Fluor Drive Aliso Viejo CA, 92698 John Ernest (john.ernest@minimed.com; 818-576-4293) Advanced Quality Services Inc 11024 Balboa Blvd. PMB154, Granada Hills, CA 91344-5007 1 Recovery of CO 2 from Flue Gases: Commercial Trends Originally presented at the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineers annual meeting October 4-6, 1999, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Authors: Dan Chapel - Fluor Daniel Inc., Senior Vice President Technology; Oil, Gas & Power John Ernest - Advanced Quality Services Inc., Validation Engineer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: March 18, 2008 - 12:30pm Location: 90-3122 The industrial sector represents more than one third of both global primary energy use and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In developing countries, the portion of the energy supply consumed by the industrial sector is frequently in excess of 50% and can create tension between economic development goals and a constrained energy supply. Further, countries with an emerging and rapidly expanding industrial infrastructure have a particular opportunity to increase their competitiveness by applying energy-efficient best practices from the outset in new industrial

242

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Understanding Understanding Trends in Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices O Over the Past Decade Mark Bolinger and Ryan Wiser Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory October, 2011 The work described in this presentation was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division * Energy Analysis Department Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Wind & Water Power Program) under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 Motivation 1) Turbine prices in the U.S. have fallen ~20%-30% in recent years, but from elevated levels - prices had previously doubled from 2002 2008 2002-2008 2) This doubling in price contradicts standard "learning curve" theory, and requires an alternate explanation * Traditional learning curves suggest that wind project costs should fall

243

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solar Trend Analysis Ryan Hubbell, Travis Lowder, Michael Mendelsohn, and Karlynn Cory Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53531 September 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis Ryan Hubbell, Travis Lowder, Michael Mendelsohn, and Karlynn Cory Prepared under Task No. SM12.3050 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53531 September 2012

244

Energy Information Administration / Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends 49 The U.S. is heavily reliant on the world crude oil market, which has been subject to huge inter-annual volatility since 1973. Neither of these facts is likely to change. Domestic crude oil production declined over the past decade, while domestic crude oil demand increased. The difference was satisfied by increased crude oil imports. The United States' proved crude oil reserves declined more than 21 percent from 1985 to 1995. Its technically recoverable crude oil resources beyond proved reserves are estimated to be about 6 times more than the year-end 1995 proved reserves. However, excepting the Gulf of Mexico and the Alaskan offshore, many of the most promising oil-prone regions of the country are presently off-limits to exploration. Over the

245

Federal Energy Management Program: Data Center Energy Consumption Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Consumption Trends Consumption Trends Data centers can consume up to 100 times more energy than a standard office building. Often, less than 15% of original source energy is used for the information technology equipment within a data center. Figure 1 outlines typical data center energy consumption ratios. An illustration that features a graphic of a coal container representing 100 units of coal. This enters a graphic of a power plant, where those 100 units of coal are turned into 35 units of energy. The 35 units of energy are distributed by power lines, represented by a graphic of power lines, where 33 units are delivered to a pie chart representing data typical data center energy end use. The data center pie chart features 48% representing server load and computing operation consumption; 43% representing cooling equipment consumption; and 9% representing power conversion and distribution consumption.

246

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, CANCELED: Trends in Industrial Energy Efficiency - the Role of Standards, Certification, and Energy Management in Climate Change Mitigation Speaker(s): Aimee McKane Date: January 31, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 THIS SEMINAR HAS BEEN CANCELED. WE MAY RESCHEDULE IT SOON. The industrial sector represents more than one third of both global primary energy use and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In developing countries, the portion of the energy supply consumed by the industrial sector is frequently in excess of 50% and can create tension between economic development goals and a constrained energy supply. Further, countries with an emerging and rapidly expanding industrial infrastructure have a particular opportunity to increase their competitiveness by applying

247

Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 - Market Trends -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Trends - Market Drivers Market Trends - Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Through 2030 Figure 24. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labor frce, and productivity in three cases, 2004-2030 (percent per year). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data AEO2006 presents three views of economic growth for the forecast period from 2004 through 2030. Although probabilities are not assigned, the reference case reflects the most likely view of how the economy will unfold over the period. In the reference case, the NationÂ’s economic growth, measured in terms of real GDP based on 2000 chain-weighted dollars, is projected to average 3.0 percent per year (Figure 24). The labor force is

248

Efficient, Inexpensive Motors: A New Trend in The Motors Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFICIENT, INEXPENSIVE MOTORS: A NEW TREND IN THE MOTORS MARKET Ronald G. Wroblewski, P.E. Trainer and Consultant ABSTRACT The Consortiwn for Energy Efficiency (CEE) has established criteria for premium-efficiency motors above the EPACf... standard. CEE has set a wrifonn efficiency benchmark that all market players (manufacturers, utilities, and end-users) can use. Some end-users however, have been reluctant to specify these motors because they think they are too expensive...

Wroblewksi, R. G.

249

ENGINEERING General Information 436  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

great power to control their environment and, with this power, the responsibility to control it wiselySCHOOL OF ENGINEERING General Information 436 Descriptions of Fields of Study 438 Facilities 443 Information HISTORY AND AIMS OF THE SCHOOL Instruction in engineering began at Rutgers in 1864, when the state

Garfunkel, Eric

250

GENERAL CIRCULATION Mean Characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California, Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, Davis, CA 95616-8627, USA Introduction state. The general circulation undergoes seasonal change. In many fields the seasonal change is much on an annual average. Simple geometry (see Figure 1) shows that the amount of solar radiation reaching unit

Grotjahn, Richard

251

General com Technology community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Campus IT General com m unity Technology community ITsystem owners Campus Council for Information Technology (CCFIT) · ~30 members · Advisory evaluation and review role · Input from faculty, staff, students formal representation on steering team and subcommittees Technology Support Program · Technology support

Ferrara, Katherine W.

252

Singular Value Decomposition Generalized  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Overview The singular value decomposition (SVD) is a generalization of the eigen- ferent eigenvalues are pairwise orthogonal. Let X be a positive semi-definite, its eigen containing the eigenvalues of X. The SVD uses the eigen-decomposition of a positive semi-definite matrix

Abdi, Hervé

253

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Title Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Kean, Andrew J., David Littlejohn, George Ban-Weiss, Robert A. Harley, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, and Melissa M. Lunden Journal Atmospheric Environment Abstract Motor vehicle emissions of ammonia have been measured at a California highway tunnel in the San Francisco Bay area. Between 1999 and 2006, light-duty vehicle ammonia emissions decreased by 38 ± 6%, from 640 ± 40 to 400 ± 20 mg kg-1. High time resolution measurements of ammonia made in summer 2001 at the same location indicate a minimum in ammonia emissions correlated with slower-speed driving conditions. Variations in ammonia emission rates track changes in carbon monoxide more closely than changes in nitrogen oxides, especially during later evening hours when traffic speeds are highest. Analysis of remote sensing data of Burgard et al. (Environ Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 7018-7022) indicates relationships between ammonia and vehicle model year, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide. Ammonia emission rates from diesel trucks were difficult to measure in the tunnel setting due to the large contribution to ammonia concentrations in a mixed-traffic bore that were assigned to light-duty vehicle emissions. Nevertheless, it is clear that heavy-duty diesel trucks are a minor source of ammonia emissions compared to light-duty gasoline vehicles.

254

Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Released: June 4, 2010 Download Full Report (PDF) This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly. Research finds that a significant portion of data collected on EIAÂ’s primary monthly natural gas consumption survey reflects billing data that does not strictly coincide with the actual calendar month, which creates an aggregate-level discrepancy with EIAÂ’s other natural gas supply and disposition data series. This discrepancy is especially observable during the fall and spring as one transitions into and out of the winter heating season. The report also outlines improved data collection and estimation procedures that will be implemented later this year to more closely align reported and actual calendar month consumption. This discussion will be helpful to users of EIAÂ’s volumetric natural gas data. Questions about this report should be directed to Andy Hoegh at andrew.hoegh@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-9502.

255

Recent trends in automobile recycling: An energy and economic assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent and anticipated trends in the material composition of domestic and imported automobiles and the increasing cost of landfilling the non-recyclable portion of automobiles (automobile shredder residue or ASR) pose questions about the future of automobile recycling. This report documents the findings of a study sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Environmental Analysis to examine the impacts of these and other relevant trends on the life-cycle energy consumption of automobiles and on the economic viability of the domestic automobile recycling industry. More specifically, the study (1) reviewed the status of the automobile recycling industry in the United States, including the current technologies used to process scrapped automobiles and the challenges facing the automobile recycling industry; (2) examined the current status and future trends of automobile recycling in Europe and Japan, with the objectives of identifying ``lessons learned`` and pinpointing differences between those areas and the United States; (3) developed estimates of the energy system impacts of the recycling status quo and projections of the probable energy impacts of alternative technical and institutional approaches to recycling; and (4) identified the key policy questions that will determine the future economic viability of automobile shredder facilities in the United States.

Curlee, T.R.; Das, S.; Rizy, C.G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schexanyder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Trend Detection on Thin-Film Solar Cell Technology Using Cluster Analysis and Modified Data Crystallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thin-film solar cell, one of green energies, is growing ... . To detect the potential trends of this technology is essential for companies and relevant industries ... patterns, the potential trends of thin-film solar

Tzu-Fu Chiu; Chao-Fu Hong; Yu-Ting Chiu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Understanding Wind Turbine Price Trends in the U.S. Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Ryan Wiser. 2009. “Wind Power Price Trends in the UnitedCarbon Trust. 2008. Offshore wind power: big challenge, bigAndrew. 2008. “Trends in Wind Power Prices, B.O.P. , and

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Marine wind and wave height trends at different ERA-Interim forecast ranges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Trends in marine wind speed and significant wave height are investigated using the global reanalysis ERA-Interim over the period 1979-2012, based on monthly mean and maximum data. Besides the traditional reanalysis, we include trends obtained at ...

Ole Johan Aarnes; Saleh Abdalla; Jean-Raymond Bidlot; Řyvind Breivik

259

Fifty-Year Trends in the Chemical Industry: What Do They Mean for Chemical Education?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fifty-Year Trends in the Chemical Industry: What Do They Mean for Chemical Education? ... Environmental Chemistry ...

George W. Parshall; Chadwick A. Tolman

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Office of Inspector General  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Inspector General Inspector General Office of Audits and Inspections Work Plan for FY 2013 Audits Central Audits Division  Ecotality  Funding Overlap  Follow-up on Smart Grid Investment Grant  DOE's Loan Program Office's Portfolio Management  Office of Fossil Energy's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships  Advanced Manufacturing Office's Combined Heat and Power Systems  DOE's Management of Contaminated Non-EM Facilities  Unneeded Real Estate  Review of For-Profit Grantees for selected DOE programs  Commercialization Efforts at National Laboratories  Research Misconduct at Office of Science  Public Dissemination of Research Results  BPA's Management of Borrowing Authority Construction  Controls Over PMA's Use of Hedging Instruments

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

EMSL: News: General Stories  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General News General News Battery development may extend range of electric cars Battery development may extend range of electric cars New anode quadruples life of lithium-sulfur battery, could also help store renewable energy more cheaply Released: January 09, 2014 Scientists used EMSL capabilities and expertise to help develop and test a new anode design for lithium-sulfur batteries. The "hybrid" anode significantly extends the life of lithium-sulfur batteries, bringing them closer to commercial use. Read the PNNL news release. Batteries as they are meant to be seen Batteries as they are meant to be seen The search for long-lasting, inexpensive rechargeable batteries Released: December 27, 2013 Researchers working at EMSL study how a battery works under wet conditions

262

Extremal generalized quantum measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement on a section K of the set of states of a finite dimensional C*-algebra is defined as an affine map from K to a probability simplex. Special cases of such sections are used in description of quantum networks, in particular quantum channels. Measurements on a section correspond to equivalence classes of so-called generalized POVMs, which are called quantum testers in the case of networks. We find extremality conditions for measurements on K and characterize generalized POVMs such that the corresponding measurement is extremal. These results are applied to the set of channels. We find explicit extremality conditions for two outcome measurements on qubit channels and give an example of an extremal qubit 1-tester such that the corresponding measurement is not extremal.

Anna Jencova

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

263

Generalized qudit Choi maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following the linear programming prescription of Ref. \\cite{PRA72}, the $d\\otimes d$ Bell diagonal entanglement witnesses are provided. By using Jamiolkowski isomorphism, it is shown that the corresponding positive maps are the generalized qudit Choi maps. Also by manipulating particular $d\\otimes d$ Bell diagonal separable states and constructing corresponding bound entangled states, it is shown that thus obtained $d\\otimes d$ BDEW's (consequently qudit Choi maps) are non-decomposable in certain range of their parameters.

M. A. Jafarizadeh; M. Rezaeen; S. Ahadpour

2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

264

A Generalized Deletion Machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we prescribe a more generalized quantum-deleting machine (input state dependent). The fidelity of deletion is dependent on some machine parameters such that on alteration of machine parameters we get back to standard deleting machines. We also carried out a various comparative study of various kinds of quantum deleting machines. We also plotted graphs, making a comparative study of fidelity of deletion of the deletion machines, obtained as particular cases on changing the machine parameters of our machine.

Indranil Chakrabarty; Satyabrata Adhikari

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

265

General Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

General Motors Place: Detroit, MI Website: http:www.generalmotors.com References: General Motors1 Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership...

266

Generalized Adaptive A* Xiaoxun Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalized Adaptive A* Xiaoxun Sun USC Computer Science Los Angeles, California xiaoxuns spaces changes. Adaptive A* [7] is a Cite as: Generalized Adaptive A*, Xiaoxun Sun, Sven Koenig

Yeoh, William

267

Generalized utility metrics for supercomputers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007:1–12 Generalized utility metrics for supercomputers 12.ISSUE PAPER Generalized utility metrics for supercomputersproblem of ranking the utility of supercom- puter systems

Strohmaier, Erich

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Paraffin control in the Northern Michigan Niagaran reef trend  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wax deposition on downhole equipment and in chokes, flowlines, separators, dehydration and storage equipment is a costly problem in the northern Michigan area called the Niagaran Reef trend. A number of mechanical removal techniques have been used to treat for paraffin. Among these are paraffin cutters, plunger lift, rod scrapers, hot oil or water, plastic coatings, and flowline pigging. Improvements in chemical formulation, testing, and applications have resulted in a number of economically successful chemical programs for paraffin control. Examples of field problems and solutions are presented.

Newberry, M.E.; Addison, G.E.; Barker, K.M.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2: June 18, 2012 2: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #732: June 18, 2012 Days to Turn Trend by Vehicle Class on AddThis.com... Fact #732: June 18, 2012

271

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8: June 27, 2005 8: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #378: June 27, 2005 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

272

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2: August 18, 2: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #532: August 18, 2008 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

273

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4: August 27, 4: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #484: August 27, 2007 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

274

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5: August 24, 5: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #585: August 24, 2009 Trends in Vehicle Attribute Preference on AddThis.com...

275

U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc 0:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands September 28, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands PLATFORM: Control Manager - 3.0, 3.5, 5.0, 5.5, 6.0 ABSTRACT: Trend Micro has been notified of a potential product vulnerability in Control Manager. reference LINKS: Trend Micro Technical Support ID 1061043 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027584 Secunia Advisory SA50760 CVE-2012-2998 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A vulnerability has been reported in Trend Micro Control Manager, which can

276

Data Center Energy Consumption Trends | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Program Areas » Data Center Energy Efficiency » Data Center Program Areas » Data Center Energy Efficiency » Data Center Energy Consumption Trends Data Center Energy Consumption Trends October 8, 2013 - 10:09am Addthis Data centers can consume up to 100 times more energy than a standard office building. Often, less than 15% of original source energy is used for the information technology equipment within a data center. Figure 1 outlines typical data center energy consumption ratios. An illustration that features a graphic of a coal container representing 100 units of coal. This enters a graphic of a power plant, where those 100 units of coal are turned into 35 units of energy. The 35 units of energy are distributed by power lines, represented by a graphic of power lines, where 33 units are delivered to a pie chart representing data typical data center energy end use. The data center pie chart features 48% representing server load and computing operation consumption; 43% representing cooling equipment consumption; and 9% representing power conversion and distribution consumption.

277

Patient exposure trends in medical and dental radiography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Patient exposure to medical and dental x rays has long been of interest to the radiological health community. With the cooperation of state and local agencies and professional groups, the Center for Devices and Radiological Health has conducted three major surveys of patient exposure to x rays. The latest of these surveys, the Nationwide Evaluation of X-ray Trends (NEXT), collected x-ray exposure data for each year starting in 1972. Two earlier studies, the 1964 and 1970 X-ray Exposure Studies collected x-ray data during the years these surveys were conducted. Exposure trends presented are based on results of all three studies. Major improvements in beam limitation are seen for medical and dental radiography. Since 1964, when the first nationwide survey was conducted, dental exposures have decreased about 75%. Decreases of up to one-third occurred in exposures for medical examinations. The current exposure data presented continue to show a wide variation in medical exposures. Also presented are organ doses for four organs (ovaries, testes, thyroid and active bone marrow).

Johnson, D.W.; Goetz, W.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

General Employee Radiological Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE HANDBOOK GENERAL EMPLOYEE RADIOLOGICAL TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Not Measurement Sensitive This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 iii Foreword This Handbook describes an implementation process for core training as recommended in chapter 14, Radiation Safety Training, of Implementation Guide G44.1B, Radiation Protection Programs Guide, and as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control Standard [RCS - DOE-STD-1098-99, Ch. 1]. The Handbook is meant to assist those individuals

279

Teacher and General Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Argonne Argonne Science Project Ideas! Our Teacher and General Resources section provides you with online aids for learning about science, such as a tutorial of science equipment, as well as guides for the metric system. Please select any item below that interests you. Also, if you have an idea for a great teacher resource that we could share, please click our Ideas page. We would love to hear from you! Science Equipment Resources: Online Basic Laboratory Equipment Information An Introduction to Basic Laboratory Equipment All students need to know and understand the function of the equipment that they will be using in the science classroom. This exercise is to help students know a beaker from a bunsen burner! TSwift MB 3200 Microscope Online Tutorial Online Microscope Tutorial

280

Ocean General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1. Definition of Subject The purpose of this text is to provide an introduction to aspects of oceanic general circulation models (OGCMs), an important component of Climate System or Earth System Model (ESM). The role of the ocean in ESMs is described in Chapter XX (EDITOR: PLEASE FIND THE COUPLED CLIMATE or EARTH SYSTEM MODELING CHAPTERS). The emerging need for understanding the Earth’s climate system and especially projecting its future evolution has encouraged scientists to explore the dynamical, physical, and biogeochemical processes in the ocean. Understanding the role of these processes in the climate system is an interesting and challenging scientific subject. For example, a research question how much extra heat or CO2 generated by anthropogenic activities can be stored in the deep ocean is not only scientifically interesting but also important in projecting future climate of the earth. Thus, OGCMs have been developed and applied to investigate the various oceanic processes and their role in the climate system.

Yoon, Jin-Ho; Ma, Po-Lun

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

United States Attorney General  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

93, 5 U.S. Op. Off. Legal Counsel 1, 1981 WL 30865 (U.S.A.G.) 93, 5 U.S. Op. Off. Legal Counsel 1, 1981 WL 30865 (U.S.A.G.) United States Attorney General ***1 *293 January 16, 1981 **1 The President The White House Washington, D.C. 20500 MY DEAR MR. PRESIDENT: You have asked my opinion concerning the scope of currently existing legal and constitutional authorities for the continuance of government functions during a temporary lapse in appropriations, such as the Government sustained on October 1, 1980. As you know, some initial determination concerning the extent of these authorities had to be made in the waning hours of the last fiscal year in order to avoid extreme administrative confusion that might have arisen from Congress' failure timely to enact 11 of the 13 anticipated regular appropriations bills, FN;B1[FN1]FN;F1 or a

282

Using Google Flu Trends data in forecasting influenza-like–illness related ED visits in Omaha, Nebraska  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractIntroduction Emergency department (ED) visits increase during the influenza seasons. It is essential to identify statistically significant correlates in order to develop an accurate forecasting model for ED visits. Forecasting influenza-like–illness (ILI)-related ED visits can significantly help in developing robust resource management strategies at the EDs. Methods We first performed correlation analyses to understand temporal correlations between several predictors of ILI-related ED visits. We used the data available for Douglas County, the biggest county in Nebraska, for Omaha, the biggest city in the state, and for a major hospital in Omaha. The data set included total and positive influenza test results from the hospital (ie, Antigen rapid (Ag) and Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection (RSV) tests); an Internet-based influenza surveillance system data, that is, Google Flu Trends, for both Nebraska and Omaha; total ED visits in Douglas County attributable to ILI; and ILI surveillance network data for Douglas County and Nebraska as the predictors and data for the hospital's ILI-related ED visits as the dependent variable. We used Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average and Holt Winters methods with3 linear regression models to forecast ILI-related ED visits at the hospital and evaluated model performances by comparing the root means square errors (RMSEs). Results Because of strong positive correlations with ILI-related ED visits between 2008 and 2012, we validated the use of Google Flu Trends data as a predictor in an ED influenza surveillance tool. Of the 5 forecasting models we have tested, linear regression models performed significantly better when Google Flu Trends data were included as a predictor. Regression models including Google Flu Trends data as a predictor variable have lower RMSE, and the lowest is achieved when all other variables are also included in the model in our forecasting experiments for the first 5 weeks of 2013 (with RMSE = 57.61). Conclusions Google Flu Trends data statistically improve the performance of predicting ILI-related ED visits in Douglas County, and this result can be generalized to other communities. Timely and accurate estimates of ED volume during the influenza season, as well as during pandemic outbreaks, can help hospitals plan their ED resources accordingly and lower their costs by optimizing supplies and staffing and can improve service quality by decreasing ED wait times and overcrowding.

Ozgur M. Araz; Dan Bentley; Robert L. Muelleman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Contact for the Assistant General Counsel for General Law (GC...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Sue Wadel, Deputy Assistant General Counsel 202-586-4040 sue.wadel@hq.doe.gov Isiah Smith Jr., Deputy Assistant General Counsel 202-586-6724 isiah.smith@hq.doe.gov Yvonne...

284

The downward in?uence of stratospheric sudden warmings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

repeated annual cycle sea-surface temperatures and sea-ice (collectively,150 SSTs). The greenhouse gases and SSTs are held fixed at levels representative of 1990, and151 a climatological ozone field is specified, all as described in the ’DYN... . Secondly, a substantial cooling is produced over Northern Europe483 and Siberia which is of the order of 2K in the 30 days following the stratospheric events in484 both ERA-Interim and January of the CMAM nudged runs but reaches 4K in February of485...

Hitchcock, Peter; Simpson, Isla R.

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

285

Photospheric downward plasma motions in the quiet-Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze spectropolarimetric data taken with the Hinode spacecraft in quiet solar regions at the disk center. Distorted redshifted Stokes $V$ profiles are found showing a characteristic evolution that always follows the same sequence of phases. We have studied the statistical properties of these events using spectropolarimetric data from Hinode/SP. We also examined the upper photosphere and the low chromosphere using Mg i b2 and Ca ii h data from Hinode. Finally, we have applied the SIRGAUSS inversion code to the polarimetric data in order to infer the atmospheric stratification of the physical parameters. We have also obtained these physical parameters taking into account dynamical terms in the equation of motion. The Stokes V profiles display a bump that evolves in four different time steps, and the total process lasts 108 seconds. The Stokes I shows a strongly bent red wing and the continuum signal exhibits a bright point inside an intergranular lane. This bright point is correlated with a strong redshif...

Noda, Carlos Quintero; Suárez, David Orozco

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Downward causation by information control in micro-organisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...re-analyse published experiments of microbiology and synthetic biology that demonstrate...can be experimentally established in microbiology and synthetic biology. We then review...biochem.78.070507.135656 ) 45 Gilbert, S. D. , Rambo, R. P., Van Tyne...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Imaging doppler velocimeter with downward heterodyning in the optical domain  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a Doppler velocimeter, the incoming Doppler-shifted beams are heterodyned to reduce their frequencies into the bandwidth of a digital camera. This permits the digital camera to produce at every sampling interval a complete two-dimensional array of pixel values. This sequence of pixel value arrays provides a velocity image of the target.

Reu, Phillip L; Hansche, Bruce D

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

288

Chapter 22 - General Concepts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The term Electronic Design Automation (EDA) refers to the tools that are used to design and verify integrated circuits (ICs), printed circuit boards (PCBs), and electronic systems, in general. Over time, these early computer-aided drafting tools evolved into interactive programs that performed integrated circuit layout. Other companies like Racal-Redac, SCI-Cards, and Telesis created equivalent layout programs for printed circuit boards. These integrated circuit and circuit board layout programs became known as Computer-Aided Design (CAD) tools. The companies promoting front-end tools for schematic capture and simulation classed them as Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE). The term “automation” refers to the ability for end-users to augment, customize, and drive the capabilities of electronic design and verification tools by means of a scripting language and associated support utilities. There are a wide variety of programming languages available, but—excepting specialist application areas—the most commonly used by far are traditional C and its object-oriented offspring, C++. A gate-level netlist refers to a circuit representation at the level of individual logic gates, registers, and other simple functions. The netlist will also specify the connections (wires) between the various gates and functions. A component-level netlist refers to a circuit representation at the level of individual components. System programming languages such as C, C++, and Java™ are designed to allow programmers to build data structures, algorithms, and—ultimately—applications from the ground up.

Clive Max Maxfield

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Carbon  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Carbon Dioxide Emissions Carbon Dioxide Emissions Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Carbon Dioxide Emissions Higher Energy Consumption Forecast Increases Carbon Dioxide Emissions Figure 110. Carbon dioxide emissions by sector and fuel, 2003 and 2025 (million metric tons). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Carbon dioxide emissions from energy use are projected to increase on average by 1.5 percent per year from 2003 to 2025, to 8,062 million metric tons (Figure 110). Emissions per capita are projected to grow by 0.7 percent per year. New carbon dioxide mitigation programs, more rapid improvements in technology, or more rapid adoption of voluntary programs could result in lower emissions levels than projected here.

290

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Market Drivers Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Figure 35. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data The output of the NationÂ’s economy, measured by GDP, is projected to grow by 3.1 percent per year between 2003 and 2025 (with GDP based on 2000 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 35). The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year between 2003 and 2025. Labor productivity growth in the nonfarm business sector is projected at 2.2 percent per year. Compared with the second half of the 1990s, the rates of growth in GDP and nonfarm employment were lower from 2000 through 2002. Economic growth has

291

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Electricity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Demand and Supply Electricity Demand and Supply Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Electricity Demand and Supply Continued Growth in Electricity Use Is Expected in All Sectors Figure 66. Annual electricity sales by sector, 1970-2025 (billion kilowatthours). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Total electricity sales are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent in the AEO2005 reference case, from 3,481 billion kilowatthours in 2003 to 5,220 billion kilowatthours in 2025 (Figure 66). From 2003 to 2025, annual growth in electricity sales is projected to average 1.6 percent in the residential sector, 2.5 percent in the commercial sector, and 1.3 percent in the industrial sector.

292

LBNL-5268E An Examination of Temporal Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

68E 68E An Examination of Temporal Trends in Electricity Reliability Based on Reports from U.S. Electric Utilities Joseph H. Eto, Kristina Hamachi LaCommare, Peter Larsen, Annika Todd, and Emily Fisher January 2012 The work described in this report was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or

293

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Demand Energy Demand Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Energy Demand Figure 42. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product, 1970-2025 (index, 1970 = 1). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Average Energy Use per Person Increases in the Forecast Energy intensity, as measured by energy use per 2000 dollar of GDP, is projected to decline at an average annual rate of 1.6 percent, with efficiency gains and structural shifts in the economy offsetting growth in demand for energy services (Figure 42). The projected rate of decline falls between the average rate of 2.3 percent from 1970 through 1986, when energy prices increased in real terms, and the 0.7-percent rate from 1986 through

294

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Carbon  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Carbon Dioxide Emissions Carbon Dioxide Emissions Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Carbon Dioxide Emissions Index (click to jump links) Carbon Dioxide Emissions Emissions from Electricity Generation Carbon Dioxide Emissions Higher Energy Consumption Forecast Increases Carbon Dioxide Emissions Figure 115. Carbon dioxide emissions by sector and fuel, 1990-2025 (million metric tons). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Carbon dioxide emissions from energy use are projected to increase on average by 1.5 percent per year from 2002 to 2025, to 8,142 million metric tons (Figure 115). Emissions per capita are projected to grow by 0.7 percent per year from 2002 to 2025. Carbon dioxide emissions in the residential sector, including emissions

295

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

This page left blank. This page left blank. E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION/HOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W INTRODUCTION Author's Note Estimates of gallons of fuel consumed, type of fuel used, price paid for fuel, and fuel economy are based on data imputed by EIA, using vehicle characteristics and vehicle-miles traveled data collected during the interview process for the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). Rather than obtaining that information directly from fuel purchase diaries, EIA exploited its experience and expertise with modeling techniques for transportation studies, filling missing and uncollected data with information reported to other federal agencies, as described in Appendices

296

Thin-Film Reliability Trends Toward Improved Stability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-term, stable performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules will be increasingly important to their successful penetration of the power grid. This paper summarizes more than 150 thin-film and more than 1700 silicon PV degradation rates (R{sub d}) quoted in publications for locations worldwide. Partitioning the literature results by technology and date of installation statistical analysis shows an improvement in degradation rate especially for thin-film technologies in the last decade. A CIGS array deployed at NREL for more than 5 years that appears to be stable supports the literature trends. Indoor and outdoor data indicate undetectable change in performance (0.2 {+-} 0.2 %/yr). One module shows signs of slight degradation from what appears to be an initial manufacturing defect, however it has not affected the overall system performance.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Thin-Film Reliability Trends Toward Improved Stability: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-term, stable performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules will be increasingly important to their successful penetration of the power grid. This paper summarizes more than 150 thin-film and more than 1700 silicon PV degradation rates (Rd) quoted in publications for locations worldwide. Partitioning the literature results by technology and date of installation statistical analysis shows an improvement in degradation rate especially for thin-film technologies in the last decade. A CIGS array deployed at NREL for more than 5 years that appears to be stable supports the literature trends. Indoor and outdoor data indicate undetectable change in performance (0.2+/-0.2 %/yr). One module shows signs of slight degradation from what appears to be an initial manufacturing defect, however it has not affected the overall system performance.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Trends and Future Challenges in Sampling the Deep Terrestrial Biosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research in the deep terrestrial biosphere is driven by interest in novel biodiversity and metabolisms, biogeochemical cycling, and the impact of human activities on this ecosystem. As this interest continues to grow, it is important to ensure that when subsurface investigations are proposed, materials recovered from the subsurface are sampled and preserved in an appropriate manner to limit contamination and ensure preservation of accurate microbial, geochemical, and mineralogical signatures. On February 20th, 2014, a workshop on “Trends and Future Challenges in Sampling The Deep Subsurface” was coordinated in Columbus, Ohio by The Ohio State University and West Virginia University faculty, and sponsored by The Ohio State University and the Sloan Foundation’s Deep Carbon Observatory. The workshop aims were to identify and develop best practices for the collection, preservation, and analysis of terrestrial deep rock samples. This document summarizes the information shared during this workshop.

Wilkins, Michael J.; Daly, Rebecca; Mouser, Paula J.; Trexler, Ryan; Sharma, Shihka; Cole, David R.; Wrighton, Kelly C.; Biddle , Jennifer F.; Denis, Elizabeth; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Kieft, Thomas L.; Onstott, T. C.; Peterson, Lee; Pfiffner, Susan M.; Phelps, Tommy J.; Schrenk, Matthew O.

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

299

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a summary of the finance trends for small-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) projects (PV <1 MW), large-scale PV projects (PV greater than or equal to 1 MW), and concentrated solar power projects as reported in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI). The report presents REFTI data during the five quarterly periods from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first half of 2011. The REFTI project relies exclusively on the voluntary participation of industry stakeholders for its data; therefore, it does not offer a comprehensive view of the technologies it tracks. Despite this limitation, REFTI is the only publicly available resource for renewable energy project financial terms. REFTI analysis offers usable inputs into the project economic evaluations of developers and investors, as well as the policy assessments of public utility commissions and others in the renewable energy industry.

Hubbell, R.; Lowder, T.; Mendelsohn, M.; Cory, K.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

E E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION/HOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS ENERGY OVERVIEW E N E R G Y O V E RV I E W INTRODUCTION Author's Note Estimates of gallons of fuel consumed, type of fuel used, price paid for fuel, and fuel economy are based on data imputed by EIA, using vehicle characteristics and vehicle-miles traveled data collected during the interview process for the 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). Rather than obtaining that information directly from fuel purchase diaries, EIA exploited its experience and expertise with modeling techniques for transportation studies, filling missing and uncollected data with information reported to other federal agencies, as described in Appendices B and C of this report.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Impacts of Uncertainty in Energy Project Costs (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

From the late 1970s through 2002, steel, cement, and concrete prices followed a general downward trend. Since then, however, iron and steel prices have increased by 8% in 2003, 10% in 2004, and 31% in 2005. Although iron and steel prices declined in 2006, early data for 2007 show another increase. Cement and concrete prices, as well as the composite cost index for all construction commodities, have shown similar trends but with smaller increases in 2004 and 2005.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

U-263: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit 3: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks U-263: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks September 19, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks PLATFORM: 7.1-Build_Win32_1394; possibly other versions ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Trend Micro InterScan Messaging Security. reference LINKS: US CERT Vulnerability Note VU#471364 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027544 CVE-2012-2995 CVE-2012-2996 Micro Trend IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Several scripts do not properly filter HTML code from user-supplied input

303

Microsoft Word - Workforce Trends Report to Congress_090706_FINAL.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

August 2006 August 2006 A REPORT TO THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS PURSUANT TO SECTION 1101 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 WORKFORCE TRENDS IN THE ELECTRIC UTILITY INDUSTRY U.S. Department of Energy Workforce Trends in the Electric Utility Industry iii SEC. 1101. WORKFORCE TRENDS AND TRAINEESHIP GRANTS *** (b) WORKFORCE TRENDS. - (1) MONITORING. - The Secretary, in consultation with, and using data collected by, the Secretary of Labor, shall monitor trends in the workforce of- (A) skilled technical personnel that support energy technology industries; and (B) electric power and transmission engineers. (2) REPORT ON TRENDS. - Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a

304

Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and Implications of Long-Term Trends in the Energy Efficiency of Computing and Communications Speaker(s): Jonathan Koomey Date: November 14, 2012 - 4:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Alan Meier Long-standing trends in the energy efficiency of computing promise an explosion in data collected from mobile sensors, controls, and portable computing devices. This talk will describe the research that revealed those efficiency trends and the implications of those trends for our ability to understand and respond to the world around us. The talk will also summarize work in progress characterizing related trends in mobile communications, sensors, batteries, and energy harvesting. A recording of this talk will be available on the UCB Energy and Resources

305

Assessing the consistency between short-term global temperature trends in observations and climate model projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing the consistency between short-term global temperature trends in observations and climate model projections is a challenging problem. While climate models capture many processes governing short-term climate fluctuations, they are not expected to simulate the specific timing of these somewhat random phenomena - the occurrence of which may impact the realized trend. Therefore, to assess model performance, we develop distributions of projected temperature trends from a collection of climate models running the IPCC A1B emissions scenario. We evaluate where observed trends of length 5 to 15 years fall within the distribution of model trends of the same length. We find that current trends lie near the lower limits of the model distributions, with cumulative probability-of-occurrence values typically between 5 percent and 20 percent, and probabilities below 5 percent not uncommon. Our results indicate cause for concern regarding the consistency between climate model projections and observed climate behavior...

Michaels, Patrick J; Christy, John R; Herman, Chad S; Liljegren, Lucia M; Annan, James D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future Agency/Company /Organization: United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics: GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Other Website: redd-net.org/resource-library/Energy+Trends+in+Developing+Asia%3A+Prio Language: English USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future Screenshot References: USAID-Energy Trends in Developing Asia: Priorities for a Low-Carbon Future[1]

307

Research on Development Trends of Power Load Forecasting Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In practical problem, number of samples is often limited, for complex issues such as power load forecasting, generally available historical data and information of impact factor are very ... support vector mechan...

Litong Dong; Jun Xu; Haibo Liu; Ying Guo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

An LED lamp or luminaire can generally be found that matches or exceeds the efficacy of benchmark technologies in a given product category, and LED products continue to expand into ever-higher...

309

nasa Office Of Inspector General  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nasa Office Of Inspector General S E m I A N N u A L r E P O r T october 1, 2010­march 31, 2011 #12;#12;FROM THE INSPECTOR GENERAL In January 2011, the NASA Office of Inspector General (OIG) took the unusual step of sending a letter to the Chairs and Ranking Members of NASA's congressional oversight

Christian, Eric

310

Unexpected increasing AOT trends over northwest Bay of Bengal in the early postmonsoon season  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main point of our study is that aerosol trends can be created by changes in meteorology without changes in aerosol source strength. Over the 10 year period 2000–2009, in October, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) showed strong increasing aerosol optical thickness (AOT) trends of approximately 14% yr-1 over northwest Bay of Bengal (BoB) in the absence of AOT trends over the east of the Indian subcontinent. This was unexpected because sources of anthropogenic pollution were located over the Indian subcontinent and aerosol transport from the Indian subcontinent to northwest BoB was carried out by prevailing winds. In October, winds over the east of the Indian subcontinent were stronger than winds over northwest BoB, which resulted in wind convergence and accumulation of aerosol particles over northwest BoB. Moreover, there was an increasing trend in wind convergence over northwest BoB. This led to increasing trends in the accumulation of aerosol particles over northwest BoB and, consequently, to strong AOT trends over this area. In contrast to October, November showed no increasing AOT trends over northwest BoB or the nearby Indian subcontinent. The lack of AOT trends over northwest BoB corresponds to a lack of trends in wind convergence in that region. Finally, December domestic heating by the growing population resulted in positive AOT trends of similar magnitude over land and sea. Our findings illustrate that in order to explain and predict trends in regional aerosol loading, meteorological trends should be taken into consideration together with changes in aerosol source strength.

Kishcha, P.; Starobinets, B.; Long, Charles N.; Alpert, P.

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

311

Alcohol Mixed with Caffeinated Energy Drinks: Consumption Patterns and Trends Among Canadian Youth & Young Adults.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Use of caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) and alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmEDs) is a growing trend worldwide, and in Canada, youth and young adults… (more)

McCrory, Cassondra

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Trends of Wind and Wind Power Over the Coterminous United States.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The trends of wind and wind power at a typical wind turbine hub height (80 m) are analyzed using the North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR)… (more)

Holt, Eric M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Computer Graphics to Show Optimal Smoothing and Trend Adjustments for Exponential Forecasts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When simulating various demand conditions and then determining the best factors for both smoothing and trend adjustments in an exponential smoothing model, both the optimal values and the...

David B. Hoffman; Ramachandran Bharath; Carol M. Carlson

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Global warming coverage in the media: trends in a Mexico City newspaper.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Global warming and its implications have astounding consequences for the global community. Although some research has been done on the trends within environmental reporting, few… (more)

Deines, Tina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Trends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumer electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appliance Refrigerators and Freezers Room Air ConditionersPCU3352283352285 a The refrigerator and freezer price trendRefrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers (Final

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity trend estimates Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 48 Driving forces of global wildfires over the past millennium and the forthcoming century Summary: activity trends...

317

California’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends: Eureka Fishing Community Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmed12 Eureka Area Seafood Receiving, Processing andand destination of seafood landed at Eureka???????????15

Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Trends in Ln(III) Sorption to Quartz Assessed by Molecular Dynamics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ln(III) Sorption to Quartz Assessed by Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Laser Induced Flourescence Studies. Trends in Ln(III) Sorption to Quartz Assessed by Molecular Dynamics...

319

Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2013...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2013 Data) Jenny Heeter National Renewable Energy Laboratory With contributions from: Kathy Belyeu Independent...

320

E-Print Network 3.0 - air quality trends Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering Current Research Projects Summary: , to quantify the effect of transboundary pollution on air quality. Ozone trends and interannual variability... Research's Community...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

RECONNAISSANCE ASSESSMENT OF CO2 SEQUESTRATION POTENTIAL IN THE TRIASSIC AGE RIFT BASIN TREND OF SOUTH CAROLINA, GEORGIA, AND NORTHERN FLORIDA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A reconnaissance assessment of the carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) sequestration potential within the Triassic age rift trend sediments of South Carolina, Georgia and the northern Florida Rift trend was performed for the Office of Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). This rift trend also extends into eastern Alabama, and has been termed the South Georgia Rift by previous authors, but is termed the South Carolina, Georgia, northern Florida, and eastern Alabama Rift (SGFAR) trend in this report to better describe the extent of the trend. The objectives of the study were to: (1) integrate all pertinent geologic information (literature reviews, drilling logs, seismic data, etc.) to create an understanding of the structural aspects of the basin trend (basin trend location and configuration, and the thickness of the sedimentary rock fill), (2) estimate the rough CO{sub 2} storage capacity (using conservative inputs), and (3) assess the general viability of the basins as sites of large-scale CO{sub 2} sequestration (determine if additional studies are appropriate). The CO{sub 2} estimates for the trend include South Carolina, Georgia, and northern Florida only. The study determined that the basins within the SGFAR trend have sufficient sedimentary fill to have a large potential storage capacity for CO{sub 2}. The deeper basins appear to have sedimentary fill of over 15,000 feet. Much of this fill is likely to be alluvial and fluvial sedimentary rock with higher porosity and permeability. This report estimates an order of magnitude potential capacity of approximately 137 billion metric tons for supercritical CO{sub 2}. The pore space within the basins represent hundreds of years of potential storage for supercritical CO{sub 2} and CO{sub 2} stored in aqueous form. There are many sources of CO{sub 2} within the region that could use the trend for geologic storage. Thirty one coal fired power plants are located within 100 miles of the deepest portions of these basins. There are also several cement and ammonia plants near the basins. Sixteen coal fired power plants are present on or adjacent to the basins which could support a low pipeline transportation cost. The current geological information is not sufficient to quantify specific storage reservoirs, seals, or traps. There is insufficient hydrogeologic information to quantify the saline nature of the water present within all of the basins. Water data in the Dunbarton Basin of the Savannah River Site indicates dissolved solids concentrations of greater than 10,000 parts per million (not potential drinking water). Additional reservoir characterization is needed to take advantage of the SGFAR trend for anthropogenic CO{sub 2} storage. The authors of this report believe it would be appropriate to study the reservoir potential in the deeper basins that are in close proximity to the current larger coal fired power plants (Albany-Arabi, Camilla-Ocilla, Alamo-Ehrhardt, and Jedburg basin).

Blount, G.; Millings, M.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Phyto remediation groundwater trends at the DOE portsmouth gaseous  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the progress of a phyto-remediation action being performed at the Department of Energy (DOE) Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS) X-740 Waste Oil Handling Facility to remediate contaminated groundwater under a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) closure action. This action was effected by an Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) decision to use phyto-remediation as the preferred remedy for the X-740 groundwater contamination. This remedy was recognized as a cost-effective, low-maintenance, and promising method to remediate groundwater contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs), primarily trichloroethylene (TCE). During 1999, prior to the tree installation at the X-740 Phyto-remediation Area, water level measurements in the area were collected from 10 monitoring wells completed in the Gallia Formation. The Gallia is the uppermost water-bearing zone and contains most of the groundwater contamination at PORTS. During the tree installation which took place during the summer of 1999, four new Gallia monitoring wells were installed at the X-740 Area in addition to the 10 Gallia wells which had been installed in the same area during the early 1990's. Manual water level measurements were collected quarterly from these 14 Gallia monitoring wells between 1998 and 2001. These manual water level measurements were collected to monitor the combined impact of the trees on the groundwater prior to root development. Beginning in 2001, water level measurements were collected monthly during the growing season (April-September) and quarterly during the dormant season (October-March). A total of eight water level measurements were collected annually to monitor the phyto-remediation system's effect on the groundwater in the X- 740 Area. The primary function of the X-740 Phyto-remediation Area is to hydraulically prevent further spreading of the TCE plume. This process utilizes deep-rooted plants, such as poplar trees, to extract large quantities of water from the saturated zone. The focus of any phyto-remediation system is to develop a cone of depression under the entire plantation area. This cone of depression can halt migration of the contaminant plume and can create a hydraulic barrier, thereby maintaining plume capture. While a cone of depression is not yet evident at the X-740 Phyto-remediation Area, water level measurements in 2004 and 2005 differed from measurements taken in previous years, indicating that the now mature trees are influencing groundwater flow direction and gradient at the site. Water level measurements taken from 2003 through 2005 indicate a trend whereby groundwater elevations steadily decreased in the X-740 Phyto-remediation System. During this time, an average groundwater table drop of 0.30 feet was observed. Although the time for the phyto-remediation system to mature had been estimated at two to three years, these monitoring data indicate a period of four to five years for the trees to reach maturity. Although, these trends are not apparent from analysis of the potentiometric surface contours, it does appear that the head gradient across the site is higher during the spring and lower during the fall. It is not clear, however, whether this trend was initiated by the installation of the phyto-remediation system. This paper will present the groundwater data collected to date to illustrate the effects of the trees on the groundwater table. (authors)

Lewis, A.C.; Baird, D.R. [CDM, Piketon, OH (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Armenia; Australia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso African convention on the conservation of nature and natural resources March 25, 1957 General Belgium

Wolf, Aaron

324

OLEDS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this program was to reduce the long term technical risks that were keeping the lighting industry from embracing and developing organic light-emitting diode (OLED) technology for general illumination. The specific goal was to develop OLEDs for lighting to the point where it was possible to demonstrate a large area white light panel with brightness and light quality comparable to a fluorescence source and with an efficacy comparable to that of an incandescent source. it was recognized that achieving this would require significant advances in three area: (1) the improvement of white light quality for illumination, (2) the improvement of OLED energy efficiency at high brightness, and (3) the development of cost-effective large area fabrication techniques. The program was organized such that, each year, a ''deliverable'' device would be fabricated which demonstrated progress in one or more of the three critical research areas. In the first year (2001), effort concentrated on developing an OLED capable of generating high illumination-quality white light. Ultimately, a down-conversion method where a blue OLED was coupled with various down-conversion layers was chosen. Various color and scattering models were developed to aid in material development and device optimization. The first year utilized this approach to deliver a 1 inch x 1 inch OLED with higher illumination-quality than available fluorescent sources. A picture of this device is shown and performance metrics are listed. To their knowledge, this was the first demonstration of true illumination-quality light from an OLED. During the second year, effort concentrated on developing a scalable approach to large area devices. A novel device architecture consisting of dividing the device area into smaller elements that are monolithically connected in series was developed. In the course of this development, it was realized that, in addition to being scalable, this approach made the device tolerant to the most common OLED defect--electrical shorts. This architecture enabled the fabrication of a 6 inch x 6 inch OLED deliverable for 2002. A picture of this deliverable is shown and the performance metrics are listed. At the time, this was the highest efficiency, highest lumen output illumination-quality OLED in existence. The third year effort concentrated on improving the fabrication yield of the 6 inch x 6 inch devices and improving the underlying blue device efficiency. An efficiency breakthrough was achieved through the invention of a new device structure such that now 15 lumen per watt devices could be fabricated. A 2 feet x 2 feet OLED panel consisting of sixteen 6 inch x 6 inch high efficiency devices tiled together was then fabricated. Pictures of this panel are shown with performance metrics listed. This panel met all project objectives and was the final deliverable for the project. It is now the highest efficiency, highest lumen output, illumination-quality OLED in existence.

Anil Duggal; Don Foust; Chris Heller; Bill Nealon; Larry Turner; Joe Shiang; Nick Baynes; Tim Butler; Nalin Patel

2004-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

325

Analysis of SNL/MSU/DOE fatigue database trends for wind turbine blade materials.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an analysis of trends in fatigue results from the Montana State University program on the fatigue of composite materials for wind turbine blades for the period 2005-2009. Test data can be found in the SNL/MSU/DOE Fatigue of Composite Materials Database which is updated annually. This is the fifth report in this series, which summarizes progress of the overall program since its inception in 1989. The primary thrust of this program has been research and testing of a broad range of structural laminate materials of interest to blade structures. The report is focused on current types of infused and prepreg blade materials, either processed in-house or by industry partners. Trends in static and fatigue performance are analyzed for a range of materials, geometries and loading conditions. Materials include: sixteen resins of three general types, five epoxy based paste adhesives, fifteen reinforcing fabrics including three fiber types, three prepregs, many laminate lay-ups and process variations. Significant differences in static and fatigue performance and delamination resistance are quantified for particular materials and process conditions. When blades do fail, the likely cause is fatigue in the structural detail areas or at major flaws. The program is focused strongly on these issues in addition to standard laminates. Structural detail tests allow evaluation of various blade materials options in the context of more realistic representations of blade structure than do the standard test methods. Types of structural details addressed in this report include ply drops used in thickness tapering, and adhesive joints, each tested over a range of fatigue loading conditions. Ply drop studies were in two areas: (1) a combined experimental and finite element study of basic ply drop delamination parameters for glass and carbon prepreg laminates, and (2) the development of a complex structured resin-infused coupon including ply drops, for comparison studies of various resins, fabrics and pry drop thicknesses. Adhesive joint tests using typical blade adhesives included both generic testing of materials parameters using a notched-lap-shear test geometry developed in this study, and also a series of simulated blade web joint geometries fabricated by an industry partner.

Mandell, John F. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Ashwill, Thomas D.; Wilson, Timothy J. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Sears, Aaron T. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Agastra, Pancasatya (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Laird, Daniel L.; Samborsky, Daniel D. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Solar grade silicon: Technology status and industrial trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Crystalline silicon remains (all variants included) the dominant technology to manufacture solar cells. Currently (2012–2013) more than 90% of all solar cells produced are based on this vast group of technologies. The availability, the cost and the quality to the silicon feedstock is therefore a strategic issue of paramount importance for the entire photovoltaic sector. The silicon demand/supply balance has evolved from a situation of shortage with rocketing sales prices, in the years 2005–2008, to currently (2012–2013) an oversupply situation with record low price level for virgin polysilicon. Between these two extreme periods, production capacity has been multiplied by a factor of nearly 10. A better understanding of the prevailing dynamics in the polysilicon/silicon industry is needed in order for all players in the solar cell industry to make proper planning. In light of the past developments as well as the constraints imposed by a sound competition, the present article reviews the market trends for solar grade silicon including capacity, supply, demand and price. Furthermore, the article reviews the competing commercial technologies i.e. Siemens polysilicon, fluidized bed reactor/FBR polysilicon and upgraded metallurgical/UMG silicon and compares them in terms of maturity, improvement potential, product morphology, purity, applications and cost (actual vs. potential).

Gřran Bye; Bruno Ceccaroli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Trends in cobalt-60 research in nuclear science and technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper quantitatively analyses the growth and development of cobalt-60 research in nuclear science and technology in terms of publications. As per the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) database during 2000-2007, a total of 5874 publications were published. The highest number of papers in a year (896) was in 2002. The average number of publications per year was 734.25. China topped the list with 960 (14.96%) publications followed by Japan with 600 (9.35%), India with 463 (7.21%), Brazil with 339 (5.28%), and the Russian Federation with 266 (4.14%). The authorship and collaboration trend is towards multiauthored papers. Researchers in China, Japan, the Russian Federation and the USA were inclined to work in larger groups. The highly productive institutions were Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, India, with 260 publications; Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Brazil with 151 publications; and Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), Japan with 94 publications. The journals most preferred by scientists for the publication of papers were Acta Agriculturae Nucleatae Sinica with 183 publications, followed by Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection with 182 publications and Radiation Physics and Chemistry with 175 publications.

Anil Sagar; B.S. Kademani; R.G. Garg; Vijai Kumar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Trends and trade-offs in petroleum tax design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

How should tax systems be designed to account for the characteristics of the government, the oil companies and the projects in order to maximise welfare for the country's inhabitants? How should vital government characteristics reflected in parameters such as impatience to obtain tax revenue - the discount rate - and the willingness and ability to carry risk be accounted for in tax design? These basic issues in petroleum tax design are discussed by means of a tax model for a discretionary licensing regime (Norway) and a production sharing agreement regime (Angola). The analysis covers the entire life cycle of a typical petroleum project, i.e., including the exploration decision. We discuss the trade-off between progressivity on the one hand and the incentive for the oil companies and the host government to carry risk and investment on the other. Thus, we provide basic elements in a state contingent tax design. The paper also surveys trends in petroleum taxation, and discusses how tax elements vary over the business cycle.

Petter Osmundsen; Kjell Løvås

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

CPFFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 20 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

330

EFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 26 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2 AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Apr 2013) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

331

EFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 39 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2 AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Apr 2013) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

332

AES Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 18 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

333

SFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 16 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

334

A study of generalized inverses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY OF GENERALIZED INVERSES A Thesis by NANCY LEE MCKINNEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1973 Major Subject: Mathematics A... STUDY OF GENERALIZED INVERSES A Thesis by NANCY LEE MCKINNEY Approved as to style and content by: airman o ittee Hea o epartment e er Me er August 1973 ABSTRACT A Study of Generalized Inverses. (August 1973) Nancy Lee NcKinney, B. A...

McKinney, Nancy Lee

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

SFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 29 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

336

Extremality conditions for generalized channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A generalized channel is a completely positive map that preserves trace on a given subspace. We find conditions under which a generalized channel with respect to a positively generated subspace J is an extreme point in the set of all such generalized channels. As a special case, this yields extremality conditions for quantum protocols. In particular, we obtain new extremality conditions for quantum 1-testers with 2 outcomes, which correspond to yes/no measurements on the set of quantum channels.

Anna Jencova

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

337

Contributions of External Forcings to Southern Annular Mode Trends JULIE M. ARBLASTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, greenhouse gas increases, and natural variability all being possible contenders. Because it is difficultContributions of External Forcings to Southern Annular Mode Trends JULIE M. ARBLASTER National (Manuscript received 9 February 2005, in final form 17 October 2005) ABSTRACT An observed trend

338

A global single-sensor analysis of 20022011 tropospheric nitrogen dioxide trends observed from space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A global single-sensor analysis of 2002­2011 tropospheric nitrogen dioxide trends observed from nitrogen dioxide trends observed from space, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D16309, doi:10.1029/2012JD017571. 1. Introduction [2] Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is one of most prominent air pollutants and is emitted primarily

Haak, Hein

339

EXTENSION CENTER FOR COMMUNITY VITALITY Continuing the Trend: The Brain Gain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXTENSION CENTER FOR COMMUNITY VITALITY Continuing the Trend: The Brain Gain of the Newcomers Fellow, University of Minnesota Extension Center for Community Vitality #12;Brain Gain 2010 i Report Reviewers: Neil Linscheid Scott Chazdon Continuing the Trend: The Brain Gain of the Newcomers A GENERATIONAL

Minnesota, University of

340

Time-to-Detect Trends in Precipitable Water Vapor with Varying Measurement Error  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study determined the theoretical time-to-detect (TTD) global climate model (GCM) precipitable water vapor (PWV) 100-yr trends when realistic measurement errors are considered. Global trends ranged from 0.055 to 0.072 mm yr?1 and varied ...

Jacola Roman; Robert Knuteson; Steve Ackerman

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Top Trends in Tracking and Communications: 21st Century Technology...Today  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- line revenue Integrates with route optimization software 14 #12;The Trend: Real-Time Communication 15 Truck 4 Real Time Data Transmission RFID Scales Integration Onboard Computing J1708 Fleet Maintenance customer records 5 #12;Real Time Transmission Trend ­ Immediate transmission of all field data to the back

Bertini, Robert L.

342

Wind- versus Eddy-Forced Regional Sea Level Trends and Variability in the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regional sea level trend and variability in the Pacific Ocean have often been considered to be induced by low-frequency surface wind changes. In this study, we demonstrate that significant sea level trend and variability can also be generated by ...

Bo Qiu; Shuiming Chen; Lixin Wu; Shinichiro Kida

343

Singularities of Generalized Parton Distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The basic ideas of the theory of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) are reviewed. Recent developments in the study of singularities of GPDs are discussed.

Anatoly Radyushkin

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

344

Singularities of Generalized Parton Distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Progress of recent work on modeling generalized parton distributions is given. Special attention was paid to study of their singularities structure.

Radyushkin, Anatoly V. [JLAB, Old Dominion U.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Trends in the Texas Farm and Ranch Land Market.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B-1063 April 1967 Farm and Ranch LAND MARKET .t Station Service Lontents Summary 2 Introduction .--.--.---------------..----.----. -...........--......--------------- 3 Limitations of This Study... containing 20 or more acres located outside corporate limits of towns. General information was obtained from per- sons having knowledge of local land market activity. Before M~orlcl War I1 agricultural land prices and net farm and ranch income were...

Andrews, F. B.; Wooten, Alvin B.

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Trends in high-performance computing for engineering calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...as GPUs, such as video/audio streaming, graphics applications...maximizing the performance of engineering applications. There is insufficient...dynamics users Many people in engineering are in the situation of being...systems used in computational engineering are generally much smaller...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

NERSC User Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in HPC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in HPC Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in HPC NERSC User Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in HPC February 10, 2013 by Francesca Verdier (0 Comments) All members of the Berkeley Lab community, as well as those who have registered for the NERSC Users Group meeting, are welcome to join us for the NERSC User Day this February 13, 2013, in the Building 50 auditorium at Berkeley Lab. The theme of the User Day is Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in High Performance Computing: Trends 9:00 - The Future of High Performance Scientific Computing, Kathy Yelick, Berkeley Lab Associate Director of Computing Science 9:45 - NERSC Today and in the Next 10 Years, Sudip Dosanjh, NERSC Director Discovery 11:00 - Discovery of the Higgs Boson and the role of LBNL and World-Wide

348

NASA OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NASA OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL SEMIANNUAL REPORT October 1, 2012­March 31, 2013 #12;A-3 Rocket 9 rocket lifts off from Cape Canaveral NASA's Curiosity rover on the Martian surface The Sun captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory #12;October 1, 2012­March 31, 2013 FROM THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

349

Generalized Transforms and Special Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the properties of different type of transforms by means of operational methods and discuss the relevant interplay with many families of special functions. We consider in particular the binomial transform and its generalizations. A general method, based on the use of the Fourier transform technique, is proposed for the study of the properties of functions of operators.

G. Dattoli; E. Sabia

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

350

TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences Vol.5 No.1 January 2001 http://tics.trends.com 1364-6613/01/$ see front matter 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.All rights reserved. PII  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences Vol.5 No.1 January 2001 http://tics.trends.com 1364-6613/01/$ ­ see front matter © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.All rights reserved. PII: 26 ReviewReview http://tics

Bressler, Steven L.

351

Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation General Motors Technical Center  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

MI. 1-q Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation General Motors Technical Center Warren, Michigan 48090 January 21, 1977 Occupational Health Standards Branch Office of Standards Development U. S. Nuclear Requlatory Commission Washington, D.C. 20555 Attention: Mr. Robert E. Alexander, Chief Dear Mr. Alexander: In 1974, General Motors Corporation acquired a manufacturing plant in Adrian, Michigan. On October 21, 1976, General Motors announced that work would begin immediately to prepare the plant for manufacturing operations (Appendix A). A news release, made by Mr. Irving Loop of ERDA and carried by radio station WABJ of Adrian, Michigan on May 11, 1976, stated that natural uranium was handled in the plant after World War II and that

352

Task 1.5 Genomic Shift and Drift Trends of Emerging Pathogens  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Bioinformatics group has recently taken on a role in DTRA's Transformation Medical Technologies Initiative (TMTI). The high-level goal of TMTI is to accelerate the development of broad-spectrum countermeasures. To achieve those goals, TMTI has a near term need to conduct analyses of genomic shift and drift trends of emerging pathogens, with a focused eye on select agent pathogens, as well as antibiotic and virulence markers. Most emerging human pathogens are zoonotic viruses with a genome composed of RNA. The high mutation rate of the replication enzymes of RNA viruses contributes to sequence drift and provides one mechanism for these viruses to adapt to diverse hosts (interspecies transmission events) and cause new human and zoonotic diseases. Additionally, new viral pathogens frequently emerge due to genetic shift (recombination and segment reassortment) which allows for dramatic genotypic and phenotypic changes to occur rapidly. Bacterial pathogens also evolve via genetic drift and shift, although sequence drift generally occurs at a much slower rate for bacteria as compared to RNA viruses. However, genetic shift such as lateral gene transfer and inter- and intragenomic recombination enables bacteria to rapidly acquire new mechanisms of survival and antibiotic resistance. New technologies such as rapid whole genome sequencing of bacterial genomes, ultra-deep sequencing of RNA virus populations, metagenomic studies of environments rich in antibiotic resistance genes, and the use of microarrays for the detection and characterization of emerging pathogens provide mechanisms to address the challenges posed by the rapid emergence of pathogens. Bioinformatic algorithms that enable efficient analysis of the massive amounts of data generated by these technologies as well computational modeling of protein structures and evolutionary processes need to be developed to allow the technology to fulfill its potential.

Borucki, M

2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

353

GENERAL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...learn much of its geology and natural history, and it will also...that even the principle of natural selection lies less deep...physiological selection. He accords to natural selection a suibordinate role...within it." IN Argentina, Cyprus and many other countries the...

1897-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

354

Trends in electricity demand and supply in the developing countries, 1980--1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of trends concerning electricity demand and supply in the developing countries in the 1980--1990 period, with special focus on 13 major countries for which we have assembled consistent data series. We describe the linkage between electricity demand and economic growth, the changing sectoral composition of electricity consumption, and changes in the mix of energy sources for electricity generation. We also cover trends in the efficiency of utility electricity supply with respect to power plant efficiency and own-use and delivery losses, and consider the trends in carbon dioxide emissions from electricity supply.

Meyers, S.; Campbell, C.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Prediction of demand trends of coking coal in China based on grey linear regression composition model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scarce of coking coal resources in China results in its short supply. By establishing a grey linear regression composition model, this paper has greatly improved the inadequacy of grey system prediction model and regression analysis method in trend prediction and finished the prediction of demand trends of coking coal in China with this model. As result of the prediction, it is estimated that in the next decade, the demand for coking coal in China will experience a growth trend; China's demand for coking coal will reach more than 1.535 billion tons by 2015, reach the maximum of 1.639 billion tons by 2020 and drop in 2025.

Hai-Dong Zhou; Qiang Wu; Min Fang; Zhong-Bao Ren; Li-Fei Jin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Generalized spin systems and ? models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generalization of the SU(2) spin systems on a lattice and their continuum limit to an arbitrary compact group G is discussed. The continuum limits are, in general, nonrelativistic ?-model-type field theories targeted on a homogeneous space G/H, where H contains the maximal torus of G. In the ferromagnetic case the equations of motion derived from our continuum Lagrangian generalize the Landau-Lifshitz equations with quadratic dispersion relation for small wave vectors. In the antiferromagnetic case the dispersion law is always linear in the long-wavelength limit. The models become relativistic only when G/H is a symmetric space. Also discussed are a generalization of the Holstein-Primakoff representation of the SU(N) algebra, the topological term, and the existence of the instanton-type solutions in the continuum limit of the antiferromagnetic systems.

S. Randjbar-Daemi; Abdus Salam; J. Strathdee

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Finsler manifolds with general symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we study generalized symmetric Finsler spaces. We first study symmetry preserving diffeomorphisms, then we show that the group of symmetry preserving diffeomorphisms is a transitive Lie transformation group. Finally we give some existence theorems.

Latifi, Dariush

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below the Dixie  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below the Dixie Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below the Dixie Valley Geothermal Area, Nevada, Inferred from 3d Magnetotelluric Surveying Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Intersecting Fault Trends and Crustal-Scale Fluid Pathways Below the Dixie Valley Geothermal Area, Nevada, Inferred from 3d Magnetotelluric Surveying Abstract Geothermal systems may occur in zones of structural dilatency which create the crustal plumbing that al-lows concentration of high-temperature fluids from surrounding volumes. While structural orientations of the U.S. Great Basin are dominated visually by the NNE-oriented horst-graben morphology, other alignments are apparent, perhaps principally a NNW-trending grain

359

Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa Agency/Company /Organization Carbon Disclosure Project Partner Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Finance, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.google.com/url?sa=t Country Brazil, China, India, South Africa South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Africa References Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa[1] "This project was commissioned by the Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency

360

New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters October 23, 2013 - 10:52am Addthis The Energy Department today released a new report showing progress for the U.S. offshore wind energy market in 2012, including the completion of two commercial lease auctions for federal Wind Energy Areas and 11 commercial-scale U.S. projects representing over 3,800 megawatts (MW) of capacity reaching an advanced stage of development. Further, the report highlights global trends toward building offshore turbines in deeper waters and using larger, more efficient turbines in offshore wind farms, increasing the amount of electricity delivered to consumers.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Cost trends and government incentives in the California photovoltaics market, 2007-2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The focus of this thesis is to analyze cost trends and government incentives in the California PV market during 2007-2008. The data show that pre-rebate system costs increased in California during this time period and that ...

Wang Yan, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Recent trends in the intrinsic water-use efficiency of ringless rainforest trees in Borneo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Recent trends in the intrinsic water-use efficiency of ringless rainforest trees...from which the intrinsic water-use efficiency (IWUE) was calculated...dendrochronology|REDD|water-use efficiency|carbon| 1. Introduction...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

ENERGY SAVING IN OPTICAL OPERATOR NETWORKS: THE CHALLENGES, THE TREND VISION, AND SOME RESULTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract (40-Word Limit): We discuss how to save energy in IP-over-WDM networks, presenting the vision of TREND, the FP7 NoE, and the saving that can be obtained with adaptive routing...

Ajmone Marsan, Marco

364

New perspectives on observed and simulated late Antarctic sea ice extent trends using optimal fingerprinting techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using optimal fingerprinting techniques, we performed a detection analysis to determine whether observed trends in Southern Ocean sea ice extent since 1979 are outside the expected range of natural variability. Consistent with previous studies, we ...

Will Hobbs; Nathaniel L. Bindoff; Marilyn N. Raphael

365

Comment on 'Discussions on common errors in analyzing sea level accelerations, solar trends and global warming'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comment on Scafetta, Nicola. 'Discussion on Common Errors in Analyzing Sea Level Accelerations, Solar Trends and Global Warming.' arXiv:1305.2812 (May 13, 2013a). doi:10.5194/prp-1-37-2013.

Benestad, R E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

The World Conference on Marine Biodiversity: current global trends in marine biodiversity research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper contains an analysis of the communications presented at the World Conference on Marine Biodiversity in Valencia, Spain, November 2008. Our ... was to determine the current global trends in marine biodiversity

Patricia Miloslavich; Eduardo Klein

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Understanding Wind Turbine Price Trends in the U.S. Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consequent impacts on wind turbine and wind energy pricing.Bloomberg NEF”). 2011c. Wind Turbine Price Index, Issue V.Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

To Construct a Technology Roadmap for Technical Trend Recognition on Thin-Film Solar Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To recognize technical trends is essential for the interested parties to understand the development directions of a technology at the industry level. Therefore, a research design has been formed for conducting technology

Tzu-Fu Chiu; Chao-Fu Hong; Leuo-hong Wang…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Trends in Daily Temperature and Precipitation Extremes for the Southeastern United States: 1948-2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal trends in temperature and precipitation extremes were investigated for the period 1948 to 2012 across the southeastern United States using 27 previously defined indices. Results show that region-wide warming in extreme minimum ...

Emily J. Powell; Barry D. Keim

370

An Approach to the Detection of Long-Term Trends in Upper Stratospheric Ozone from Space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A central problem in the detection of long-term trends in upper stratospheric ozone from orbiting remote sensors involves the separation of instrument drifts from true geophysical changes. Periodic flights of a Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet ...

John E. Frederick; Xufeng Niu; Ernest Hilsenrath

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Precipitation and Damaging Floods: Trends in the United States, 1932–97  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The poor relationship between what climatologists, hydrologists, and other physical scientists call floods, and those floods that actually cause damage to life or property, has limited what can be reliably said about the causes of observed trends ...

Roger A. Pielke Jr.; Mary W. Downton

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The State of the Art in Microelectronics Development and Future Trends in Device Capability and Costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......consistently reducing production costs. Reducing the cost...volumes, product costs are PRICING TRENDS...reduction in device costs per se, coupled...Injection Logic First Production 1969 1973 1972 1975...Abstract Automation of gas chromatography provides......

J.E. Bass

1976-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Recent Economic Trends in Colorado's Oil and Gas Industry Martin Shields, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's Oil and Gas Industry Martin Shields, Ph.D. Regional Economics Institute Trends in Colorado's Oil and Gas Industry Summary Colorado's economy lost issues affecting its prospects in Colorado. Although the oil and gas industry

374

Southern hemisphere regional precipitation and climate variability : extremes trends and predictability.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This PhD thesis investigates the relative importance of oceanic and atmospheric influences on extremes, long-term trends, and seasonal to interannual variability of precipitation for different… (more)

Ummenhofer, Caroline C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The generalized second law of thermodynamics in generalized gravity theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the generalized second law of thermodynamics (GSL) in generalized theories of gravity. We examine the total entropy evolution with time including the horizon entropy, the non-equilibrium entropy production, and the entropy of all matter, field and energy components. We derive a universal condition to protect the generalized second law and study its validity in different gravity theories. In Einstein gravity, (even in the phantom-dominated universe with a Schwarzschild black hole), Lovelock gravity, and braneworld gravity, we show that the condition to keep the GSL can always be satisfied. In $f(R)$ gravity and scalar-tensor gravity, the condition to protect the GSL can also hold because the gravity is always attractive and the effective Newton constant should be approximate constant satisfying the experimental bounds.

Shao-Feng Wu; Bin Wang; Guo-Hong Yang; Peng-Ming Zhang

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

376

Trend Motif: A Graph Mining Approach for Analysis of Dynamic Complex Networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Complex networks have been used successfully in scientific disciplines ranging from sociology to microbiology to describe systems of interacting units. Until recently, studies of complex networks have mainly focused on their network topology. However, in many real world applications, the edges and vertices have associated attributes that are frequently represented as vertex or edge weights. Furthermore, these weights are often not static, instead changing with time and forming a time series. Hence, to fully understand the dynamics of the complex network, we have to consider both network topology and related time series data. In this work, we propose a motif mining approach to identify trend motifs for such purposes. Simply stated, a trend motif describes a recurring subgraph where each of its vertices or edges displays similar dynamics over a userdefined period. Given this, each trend motif occurrence can help reveal significant events in a complex system; frequent trend motifs may aid in uncovering dynamic rules of change for the system, and the distribution of trend motifs may characterize the global dynamics of the system. Here, we have developed efficient mining algorithms to extract trend motifs. Our experimental validation using three disparate empirical datasets, ranging from the stock market, world trade, to a protein interaction network, has demonstrated the efficiency and effectiveness of our approach.

Jin, R; McCallen, S; Almaas, E

2007-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

377

SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An LED lamp or luminaire can generally be found that matches or exceeds the efficacy of benchmark technologies in a given product category, and LED products continue to expand into ever-higher lumen output niches. However, the price premium for LED continues to pose a barrier to adoption in many applications, in spite of expected savings from reduced energy use and maintenance. Other factors—such as dimmability and quality of light—can also present challenges. The appropriate type, timing, and magnitude of energy efficiency activities will vary from organization to organization based on local variables and the method of evaluation. A number of factors merit consideration when prioritizing activities for development. Category-specific projections for pricing and efficacy are provided herein to assist in efficiency program planning efforts.

Tuenge, Jason R.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

The Entire General Science Archive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General Topics Archives General Topics Archives General Topics Archives, Since November 1991 Table of Contents: What Sciences are included in Earth Science? Magnetosphere Magnetic Compasses Aftershocks vs. Earthquakes Illinois Earthquakes Center of the Earth Why is the Earth round? Project Mohole Minerals, Rocks, or not? Water Origin of Saltwater Weight of Clouds Barometers Chaos and Weather Forecasting Lightning Strikes Tornado Spinning Tornado Safety in a Building Tornadoes and High Rise Structures Tornadoes Avoiding Downtown Chicago Coldest Temperature? Thermal Inversions Fog Blue Sky Gravitational pull vs. Atmospheric pressure Weights and Measures Science Demonstrations Cyanide Gas Bermuda Triangle X-30 Flower colors Ice Cream Headaches Rubber Egg Silver Dental Fillings and Aluminum Foil Birds and Wires

379

GENERAL@ELECTtiIC COMPINY  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

GENERAL@ELECTtiIC GENERAL@ELECTtiIC COMPINY ~9013 ~APPROVAL NO. 143 Article II, Section 8(b) PICHLAND, WASHINGTON .~. "ANFORD ATOMlC PlOD"CTS O*Ert*,ION ,. u/S; Atomic Energy Comisaion Hailfbrd operations Office Richland, Washington Attention: Mr. J. E. Travis, Manager Gentlemen: EXTRUSION OF URANIUM DIOXIDE FOR GENERAL ~ED&'RIC - APED The Atoinic Power Equipment Depart!++ of ~the The uranium dioxide necess :Material License No. C-3351. for establishing the value'of the.material will be developed with appropriate representatives of your office in accordance with established procedures. A small amount of scrap will be generated in the process but, since this will be usable and is needed in waging studies at Hanford, we do not propose to charge for reprocessing.

380

Generalized Macdonald-Ruijsenaars systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the polynomial representation of Double Affine Hecke Algebras (DAHAs) and construct its submodules as ideals of functions vanishing on the special collections of affine planes. This generalizes certain results of Kasatani in types A_n, (C_n^\\vee,C_n). We obtain commutative algebras of difference operators given by the action of invariant combinations of Cherednik-Dunkl operators in the corresponding quotient modules of the polynomial representation. This gives known and new generalized Macdonald-Ruijsenaars systems. Thus in the cases of DAHAs of types A_n and (C_n^\\vee,C_n) we derive Chalykh-Sergeev-Veselov operators and a generalization of the Koornwinder operator respectively, together with complete sets of quantum integrals in the explicit form.

M. Feigin; A. Silantyev

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Where Is the Surgeon General?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...job of the Surgeon General and the Public Health Service staff, will be vital. We rely on the National Institutes of Health for advances in health science; we rely on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for epidemiologic surveillance and disease tracking; we rely on the Public Health... As an unchecked Ebola epidemic moves out of West Africa to touch the United States and the rest of the world, we should rightfully ask, “Where is the Surgeon General?” The answer is, quite simply, that we do not have one. We face a growing crisis of ...

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

382

1 - Mobile Robots: General Concepts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents the fundamental general concepts of mobile robots that can move from one place to another autonomously within a predefined workspace to achieve their desired goals. Specifically, the chapter (i) provides a list of the main historical landmarks of general robotics and mobile robots, (ii) discusses the locomotion issues of ground (wheeled, legged) mobile robots, (iii) investigates the wheel and drive types of mobile robots (nonholonomic, omnidirectional) and, (iv) introduces the concepts of mobile robot degree of mobility, degree of steerability, and maneuverability.

Spyros G. Tzafestas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Historical Information H.1 General  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

1 1 . . General Book 1 Effects Evaluation- for Project Rulison, June 1969 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. . . . . . . . . . . - ,--- ..-... . . . 0 . , . , ~ , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L . < - ....:.-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - , , - . d - i , . .. * :=.:. 5 . . .:. : - . . . . . . : -.. .. ' . . - - .- - : . 7 : P . f l - ~ . - R - t f - . . . . . . . . . .;- .. +:.7'; . : : - . . . . . - . . . ..- : . . - ' . . - . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... . . .~ ~-.-- . . : - ., > .. , . .( . > - - . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 . . . . . . . ' : -. . . . - - _ _ . . - . . . . ' * . 1 . . . . . . . . . . . 4 . . 5 . . . . -- ' . . - ,. . , . . .... . . . * , . ; ) . , . ".ii . . - . '2-io- b . / . N V O - 4 3 ( F I

384

LFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page 1 of 31 Page 1 of 31 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

385

BASICS OF GENERALIZED PARTON DISTRIBUTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief review of the theory of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) is given. We discuss the basic concepts of the GPD theory and relationship between GPDs and simpler phenomenological functions, viz. form factors, parton densities and distribution amplitudes. A special emphasis is given to the formulation of GPDs in terms of double distributions.

Anatoly Radyushkin

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Generalized parton distributions: recent results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I review progress on selected issues connected with generalized parton distributions. Topics range from the description of hard exclusive reactions to the spatial distribution of quarks in the nucleon and the contribution of their orbital angular momentum to the nucleon spin.

Diehl, M. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchroton DESY, 22603 Hamburg (Germany)

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

387

Wind Turbine Blockset General Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Turbine Blockset in Saber General Overview and Description of the Models Florin Iov, Adrian Turbine Blockset in Saber Abstract. This report presents a new developed Saber Toolbox for wind turbine, optimize and design wind turbines". The report provides a quick overview of the Saber and then explains

388

Generalized teleportation and entanglement recycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce new teleportation protocols which are generalizations of the original teleportation protocols that use the Pauli group [Bennett, et al. Physical Review Letters, 70(13) 1895-1899] and the port-based teleportation protocols, introduced by Hiroshima and Ishizaka [Physical Review Letters, 101(24) 240501], that use the symmetric permutation group. We derive sufficient condition for a set of operations, which in general need not form a group, to give rise to a teleportation protocol and provide examples of such schemes. This generalization leads to protocols with novel properties and is needed to push forward new schemes of computation based on them. Port-based teleportation protocols and our generalizations use a large resource state consisting of N singlets to teleport only a single qubit state reliably. We provide two distinct protocols which recycle the resource state to teleport multiple states with error linearly increasing with their number. The first protocol consists of sequentially teleporting qubit states, and the second teleports them in a bulk.

Sergii Strelchuk; Micha? Horodecki; Jonathan Oppenheim

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

389

GENERAL PRINCIPLES Art. 1 (Aims)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 STATUTE GENERAL PRINCIPLES Art. 1 (Aims) 1. The University of Torino (hereinafter "the organizational criteria suitable for its institutional purposes according to principles of efficacy, efficiency to determine the advancement and the allocation of the staff. This planning is based on principles of quality

Sproston, Jeremy

390

Interacting new generalized Chaplygin gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have presented a model in which the new generalized Chaplygin gas interacts with matter. We find that there exists a stable scaling solution at late times in the evolution of the universe. Moreover, the phantom crossing scenario is observed in this model.

Mubasher Jamil

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

391

General purpose programmable accelerator board  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A general purpose accelerator board and acceleration method comprising use of: one or more programmable logic devices; a plurality of memory blocks; bus interface for communicating data between the memory blocks and devices external to the board; and dynamic programming capabilities for providing logic to the programmable logic device to be executed on data in the memory blocks.

Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Witzke, Edward L. (Edgewood, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Trends in worldwide ICT electricity consumption from 2007 to 2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Information and Communication Technology (ICT) devices and services are becoming more and more widespread in all aspects of human life. Following an increased worldwide focus on the environmental impacts of energy consumption in general, there is also a growing attention to the electricity consumption associated with ICT equipment. In this paper we assess how ICT electricity consumption in the use phase has evolved from 2007 to 2012 based on three main ICT categories: communication networks, personal computers, and data centers. We provide a detailed description of how we calculate the electricity use and evolution in these three categories. Our estimates show that the yearly growth of all three individual ICT categories (10%, 5%, and 4%, respectively) is higher than the growth of worldwide electricity consumption in the same time frame (3%). The relative share of this subset of ICT products and services in the total worldwide electricity consumption has increased from about 3.9% in 2007 to 4.6% in 2012. We find that the absolute electricity consumption of each of the three categories is still roughly equal. This highlights the need for energy-efficiency research across all these domains, rather than focusing on a single one.

Ward Van Heddeghem; Sofie Lambert; Bart Lannoo; Didier Colle; Mario Pickavet; Piet Demeester

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Methodological trends in the design of recent microenvironmental studies of personal CO exposure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the designs of three recent microenvironmental studies of personal exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) from motor vehicle exhaust. These studies were conducted sequentially, first in four California cities (Los Angeles, Mountain View, Palo Alto, and San Francisco), then in Honolulu, and, most recently, in metropolitan Washington, D.C. Though study purposes differed, each study faced common methodological issues related to personal exposure monitors (PEMs), quality assurance and data collection procedures, and the selection of microenvironments for study. Two major objectives of the California cities study were to determine the CO concentrations typically found in commercial settings and to define and classify microenvironments applicable to such settings: The Honolulu study measured merchant exposure to CO in shopping centers attached to semienclosed parking garages during business hours and commuter exposure to CO in vehicles (passenger cars and buses) on congested roadways during peak periods. The intent of the Washington study was to develop a model of commuter exposure to motor vehicle exhaust using CO as an indicator pollutant. Certain trends are discernible from reviewing the three studies. There are clearly trends in PEM development that have expanded instrument capabilities and automated data collection and storage. There are also trends towards more rigorous quality assurance procedures and more standardized protocols for collecting exposure data. Further, one can see a trend towards more elaborate indicators for identifying microenvironments for study. Finally, there is a trend towards using personal monitors in public policy review and evaluation.

Peter G. Flachsbart

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

United States General Accounting Office  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Washington, DC 20548 Washington, DC 20548 Comptroller General of the United States Decision Matter of: The Jones/Hill Joint Venture File: B-286194.4; B-286194.5; B-286194.6 Date: December 5, 2001 William A. Roberts III, Esq., Phillip H. Harrington, Esq., William S. Lieth, Esq., and Janet L. Eichers, Esq., Wiley, Rein & Fielding, for the protester. Marvin D. Norman, Esq., Vicki E. O'Keefe, Esq., and Robert E. Little, Jr., Esq., Department of the Navy, for the agency. Louis A. Chiarella, Esq., John L. Formica, Esq., and James A. Spangenberg, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, GAO, participated in the preparation of the decision. DIGEST 1. A conflict of interest existed in an Office of Management and Budget Circular A-76 commercial activities study where a Navy employee and a private-sector consultant

395

LFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dated 5-20-13 Dated 5-20-13 Subcontract No. 241314 Page 1 of 19 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012 - Deviation) ........................................................................................ 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 4 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

396

Data Center Observatory General Schematic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Center Observatory General Schematic Rack 12 critical infrastr. Rack 10 1U Rack 11 1U Rack 9 Blades Battery Battery UPS UPS PDU PDU Rack 8 mix Rack 7 1U Rack 6 1U Rack 5 1U Rack 4 3U Rack 3 1U Rack 2 1U Rack 1 3U Air FM40 Air FM40 Campuschilledwaterloop PUMP ROOM (FMS BUILDING) CICBUILDING ZONE 1

397

A Generalization of Deutsch's Example  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum parallelism is the main feature of quantum computation. In 1985 D. Deutsch showed that a single quantum computation may be sufficient to state whether a two-valued function of a two-valued variable is constant or not. Though the generalized problem with unconstrained domain and range size admits no deterministic quantum solution, a fully probabilistic quantum algorithm is presented in which quantum parallelism is harnessed to achieve a quicker exploration of the domain with respect to the classical ``sampling'' strategy.

Giovanni Costantini; Fabrizio Smeraldi

1997-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

398

Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General Services General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products

399

8.962 General Relativity, Spring 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course covers the basic principles of Einstein's general theory of relativity. Also discussed are differential geometry, experimental tests of general relativity, black holes, and cosmology.

Bertschinger, Edmund W.

400

Alaska - CPCN General Information | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CPCN General Information Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Instructions: Alaska - CPCN General...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Protein Folding: Generalized-Ensemble Algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We briefly review the development of generalized-ensemble optimization techniques and their application since publication of “Protein Folding: Generalized-Ensemble Algorithms” was published in...

Ulrich H. E. Hansmann

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

SWRCB General NPDES Permits | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SWRCB General NPDES Permits Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- Permit ApplicationPermit Application: SWRCB General NPDES...

403

" Row: General Energy-Management Activities...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Number of Establishments by Participation in General Energy-Management Activities, 2010;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: General Energy-Management Activities within NAICS...

404

Computable General Equilibrium Models for Sustainability Impact...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Computable General Equilibrium Models for Sustainability Impact Assessment: Status quo and prospects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Computable General...

405

Status and Trends in U.S. Compliance and Voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate Markets (2010 Data)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Status and Trends in U.S. Status and Trends in U.S. Compliance and Voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate Markets (2010 Data) Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-52925 October 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Status and Trends in U.S. Compliance and Voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate Markets (2010 Data) Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Prepared under Task No. SAO9.3110 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-52925 October 2011 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

406

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2010 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

October 2010 October 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

407

Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2012 Data)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Status and Trends in the U.S. Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2012 Data) J. Heeter and T. Nicholas National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-60210 October 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, CO 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2012 Data) J. Heeter and T. Nicholas National Renewable Energy Laboratory

408

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2010 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

June 2010 June 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

409

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2011 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

October 2011 October 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - October 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

410

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2011 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September 2011 September 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

411

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2011 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

June 2011 June 2011 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - June 2011 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

412

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2009 Agency/Company /Organization: European Environment Agency Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Maps Website: www.eea.europa.eu/publications/eea_report_2009_9 Country: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Ireland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom UN Region: "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

413

EIA Energy Efficiency-Manufacturing Industry Trend Data, 1998 and 2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends 1998, 2002, and 2006 Trends 1998, 2002, and 2006 Manufacturing Industry Trend Data 1998, 2002, and 2006 (NAICS) Page Last Modified: May 2010 Below are data from the 1998, 2002, and 2006 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS), and other sources by industry type. The tables provide estimates for energy consumed for all purposes, fuel consumption, offsite-produced fuel consumption, and nonfuel consumption for selected industries, as well as economic (nominal and real) and physical indicators. Site Energy Consumption 1998, 2002, and 2006 Table 1a. Consumption of Energy (Site Energy) for All Purposes (First Use) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 html Table 1 excel table 1a. pdf table 1a. Table 1b. End Uses of Fuel Consumption (Site Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006

414

Chance discovery and scenario analysis for trend exploration on solar cell technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is essential for managers and stakeholders to well understand the trends of a certain technology so that managers can enhance the performance of a company and stakeholders can make appropriate decisions for investment. Solar cell, one of renewable energies, is growing at a fast pace with its unexhausted and non-polluted natures. Meanwhile, the patent data contains plentiful technical information from which is worth exploring to extract further knowledge. Therefore, an integrated approach of chance discovery and scenario analysis has been proposed so as to analyse the patent data, to form the scenarios and to explore the trends of solar cell technology. Finally, the technical topics of solar cell have been realised, the relation patterns between topics have been identified, the scenarios and trends of each topic have been revealed and the tendency of overall situation have also been observed.

Tzu-Fu Chiu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2010 | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September 2010 September 2010 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data FHWA Traffic Volume Trend Monthly VMT Report - September 2010 Dataset Summary Description The Traffic Volume Trends montly report is a natinal data report that provides quality controlled vehicle miles traveled data for each State for all roadways Tags {"volume data",tvt,"traffic volume trends",'fhwa,AADT,VMT,"Vehicle Miles Traveled"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 02/01/2012 Publisher Federal Highway Administration, Department of Transportation Contact Name Contact Email daniel.jenkins@dot.gov

416

Regional And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range Province,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range Province, And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range Province, Western North America- Evidence For Deep Permeable Pathways Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Regional And Local Trends In Helium Isotopes, Basin And Range Province, Western North America- Evidence For Deep Permeable Pathways Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Fluids from the western margin of the Basin and Range have helium isotope ratios as high as ~6-7 Ra, indicating a strong mantle melt influence and consistent with recent and current volcanic activity. Moving away from these areas, helium isotope ratios decrease rapidly to 'background' values of around 0.6 Ra, and then gradually decrease toward the east to low values of ~0.1 Ra at the eastern margin of the Basin and

417

Structure and Origins of Trends in Hydrological Measures over the western United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study examines, at 1/8 degree spatial resolution, the geographic structure of observed trends in key hydrologically relevant variables across the western United States (U.S.) over the period 1950-1999, and investigates whether these trends are statistically significantly different from trends associated with natural climate variations. A number of variables were analyzed, including late winter and spring temperature, winter-total snowy days as a fraction of winter-total wet days, 1st April Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) as a fraction of October through March precipitation total (P{sub ONDJFM}), and seasonal (January-February-March; JFM) accumulated runoff as a fraction of water year accumulated runoff. The observed changes were compared to natural internal climate variability simulated by an 850-year control run of the CCSM3-FV climate model, statistically downscaled to a 1/8 degree grid using the method of Constructed Analogues. Both observed and downscaled temperature and precipitation data were then used to drive the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) hydrological model to obtain the hydrological variables analyzed in this study. Large trends (magnitudes found less than 5% of the time in the long control run) are common in the observations, and occupy substantial part of the area (37-42%) over the mountainous western U.S. These trends are strongly related to the large scale warming that appears over 89% of the domain. The strongest changes in the hydrologic variables, unlikely to be associated with natural variability alone, have occurred at medium elevations (750 m to 2500 m for JFM runoff fractions and 500 m-3000 m for SWE/PONDJFM) where warming has pushed temperatures from slightly below to slightly above freezing. Further analysis using the data on selected catchments across the simulation domain indicated that hydroclimatic variables must have changed significantly (at 95% confidence level) over at least 45% of the total catchment area to achieve a detectable trend in measures accumulated to the catchment scale.

Das, T; Hidalgo, H G; Dettinger, M D; Cayan, D R; Pierce, D W; Bonfils, C; Barnett, T P; Bala, G; Mirin, A

2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

418

DataTrends: Water Use Tracking | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DataTrends: Water Use Tracking DataTrends: Water Use Tracking Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

419

Low frequency deep ocean ambient noise trend in the Northeast Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concern about effects of anthropogenic noise on marine life has stimulated new studies to establish present-day oceannoise levels and compare them to noise levels from previous times. This paper reports on the trend in low-frequency (10–400 Hz) ambient noise levels and presents measurements made using a calibrated multi-element volume array at deep ocean sites in the Northeast Pacific from 1978 to 1986. The experiments provided spectral noise levels as well as horizontal and vertical noise directionality. The data presented here provide evidence that the trend derived from 1960s data extended to around 1980 but has since continued at a lower rate.

N. Ross Chapman; Andrea Price

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

II. GENERAL COMPLIANCE SUPPLEMENT INTRODUCTION  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Rather than repeat these compliance requirements, audit objectives, and suggested audit procedures for each program, they are provided once in this part. For each program in this Compliance Supplement (this Supplement), the program-specific compliance guidance section (Part III of this guidance) contains additional information about the compliance requirements that arise from laws and regulations applicable to each program, including the requirements specific to each program that should be tested using the guidance in this part. Compliance Requirements, Audit Objectives, and Suggested Audit Procedures At the end of this General Compliance Supplement is a matrix that outlines the compliance requirements, including special tests and provisions, that are applicable to programs performed under

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

SINGULARITIES OF GENERALIZED PARTON DISTRIBUTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss recent developments in building models for generalized parton distributions (GPDs) that are based on the formalism of double distributions (DDs). A special attention is given to a careful analysis of the singularity structure of DDs. The DD formalism is applied to construction of a model GPDs with a singular Regge behavior. Within the developed DD-based approach, we discuss the structure of GPD sum rules. It is shown that separation of DDs into the so-called ``plus'' part and the D-term part may be treated as a renormalization procedure for the GPD sum rules. This approach is compared with an alternative prescription based on analytic regularization.

Anatoly Radyushkin

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Accelerator experiments contradicting general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deflection of gamma-rays in Earth's gravitational field is tested in laser Compton scattering at high energy accelerators. Within a formalism connecting the bending angle to the photon's momentum it follows that detected gamma-ray spectra are inconsistent with a deflection magnitude of 2.78 nrad, predicted by Einstein's gravity theory. Moreover, preliminary results for 13-28 GeV photons from two different laboratories show opposite - away from the Earth - deflection, amounting to 33.8-0.8 prad. I conclude that general relativity, which describes gravity at low energies precisely, break down at high energies.

Vahagn Gharibyan

2014-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

423

A general purpose microprogrammable emulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/HEAD. MICRO/MACRO T IMNG DUMP. EXEC and END. Simulation Time Commands All Functions PRT Field . V CONCLUSION. REFERENCES APPENDIX A CONSOLIDATED CODING SHEET 8 NOVA EMULATION. C PROGRAM LISTING VITA PAGE 6 10 16 19 19 21 23 23 42 42 44... interconnection scheme 1. PAGE 10 6 Arbitrary interconnection scheme 2. Generalized bus structured CPU. Typical bus structured CPU. Microprogrammed control signal transfer 12 14 15 18 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Logic diagram and block...

Adams, James Monroe

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

California’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends: Crescent City Fishing Community Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmeddays. Pacific Choice Seafood, based in Portland Oregon,10 Crescent City Harbor Seafood Receiving, Processing and

Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

California’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends: Fort Bragg/Noyo Harbor Fishing Community Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998. Changing trends in seafood markets: The case of farmed11 Noyo Harbor Seafood Receiving, Processing andlocation and destination of seafood landed at Noyo Harbor

Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Traffic Trends: Drivers and Measures of Cost-Effective and Energy-Efficient Technologies and Architectures for Backbone Optical Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine trends and characteristics of the traffic, systems, and architectures of backbone optical networks to illustrate baselines, future requirements, and possible metrics to...

Korotky, Steven K

427

Office of Inspector General | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages

Inspector General Inspector General Search Search form Search Office of Inspector General Office of Inspector General Services Services Home Hotline Whistleblower Ombudsman FOIA Reports Reports Home Calendar Year Reports Recovery Act Recovery Act Home Recovery Act Reports Peer Reviews DOE Directives Performance Strategic Plan Testimony Financial Statements Semiannual Reports Work Plan Mission Mission Home Audits & Inspections Investigations Management & Administration About Us About Us Home Leadership Careers Careers Home Auditor Criminal Investigator Inspector Other Positions Vacancies Audits & Inspections Investigations Management & Administration Field Offices Contact Us Offices You are here Energy Department » Office of Inspector General Office of Inspector General Office of Inspector General

428

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (Early Release)- Energy Trends to 2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends to 2030 Trends to 2030 Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (Early Release) Energy Trends to 2030 In preparing projections for the Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (AEO2008), the Energy Information Administration (EIA) evaluated a wide range of trends and issues that could have major implications for U.S. energy markets between today and 2030.1 This overview focuses on one case, the reference case, which is presented and compared with the Annual Energy Outlook 2007 (AEO2007) reference case (see Table 1). Readers are encouraged to review the full range of alternative cases included in other sections of AEO2008. As in previous editions of the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO), the reference case assumes that current policies affecting the energy sector remain unchanged throughout the projection period. Some possible policy changes—notably, the adoption of policies to limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions—could change the reference case projections significantly.2 EIA has examined many of the proposed greenhouse gas policies at the request of Congress; the reports are available on EIA’s web site.3

429

Current performance and future trends in health care sciences and services research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Health care sciences and services research (HCSSR) has come to the fore in recent years and related research literature increased rapidly over the last few decades. The main purpose of this study is to describe the global progress and to determine the ... Keywords: Global research trends, Health care sciences and services research, Knowledge mapping, Scientometric, Web of Science

Qiang Yao, Peng-Hui Lyu, Lian-Ping Yang, Lan Yao, Zhi-Yong Liu

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Trend analysis from 1970 to 2008 and model evaluation of EDGARv4 global gridded  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trend analysis from 1970 to 2008 and model evaluation of EDGARv4 global gridded anthropogenic.J. Olivier, Diego Guizzardi, Rob Maas and Frank Dentener *Reprinted from Science of the Total Environment Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change combines cutting-edge scientific research

431

Understanding the Business Rationale Behind the Trend Towards Environmentally Friendly Manufacturing Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Green Suppliers Network B. Solvents and Solutions, Inc. C. BAE Industries D. FlexForm Technologies E and production practices, popularly known as "going green." This trend will steadily increase as input costs rise existing organizations that have adopted green manufacturing practices in order to examine the business

Lewis, Robert Michael

432

PRESENT AND FUTURE OF HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRESENT AND FUTURE OF HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities November 17 laboratories of the HPC facilities and resources. First, the EPFL high performance computing facilities of Modeling and Simulation through High Performance Computing. Leading research activities of various groups

Ceragioli, Francesca

433

Differences between near-surface equivalent temperature and temperature trends for the Eastern United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, Ft. Collins, CO, USA b NOAA/NESDIS, Camp Springs, Maryland, USA c USGS Earth Resources attention being given to the observed increase in near-surface air temperatures during the last century-averaged T trends are that T has increased by 0.3­0.6 °C over the past century (Hansen and Lebedeff, 1987; Jones

Pielke, Roger A.

434

Trends '91: A compendium of data on global change---highlights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been prompted to produce the series Trends, a concise inventory of data in response to heightened concern about global environmental issues, in particular climate changes induced by the greenhouse effect. This report contains extracts from Trends '91 to illustrate the content, style, and presentation of data contained in the full 700-page report. This report includes a listing of the investigators contributing data for Trends '91. In addition, it contains the abstract, foreword, and acknowledgments, as well as the introduction and a sample data record from each of the reports's five chapters. The chapters are Atmospheric CO[sub 2],'' Atmospheric CH[sub 4],'' Other Trace Gases,'' CO[sub 2] Emissions,'' and Temperature.'' Appendix A provides information about CDIAC and its activities related to global environmental issues. Appendix B lists the contents of the full report. An order form for obtaining a free copy of Trends '91 is found in Appendix C.

Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. (eds.)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Trends `91: A compendium of data on global change---highlights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been prompted to produce the series Trends, a concise inventory of data in response to heightened concern about global environmental issues, in particular climate changes induced by the greenhouse effect. This report contains extracts from Trends `91 to illustrate the content, style, and presentation of data contained in the full 700-page report. This report includes a listing of the investigators contributing data for Trends `91. In addition, it contains the abstract, foreword, and acknowledgments, as well as the introduction and a sample data record from each of the reports`s five chapters. The chapters are ``Atmospheric CO{sub 2},`` ``Atmospheric CH{sub 4},`` ``Other Trace Gases,`` ``CO{sub 2} Emissions,`` and ``Temperature.`` Appendix A provides information about CDIAC and its activities related to global environmental issues. Appendix B lists the contents of the full report. An order form for obtaining a free copy of Trends `91 is found in Appendix C.

Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. [eds.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

An Assessment of Trends in the Extent of Swidden in Southeast Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Assessment of Trends in the Extent of Swidden in Southeast Asia Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt & Stephen) Hum Ecol (2009) 37:269­280 DOI 10.1007/s10745-009-9239-0 D. Schmidt-Vogt School of Environment@ait.ac.th S. J. Leisz (*) Department of Anthropology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80523, USA e

Richner, Heinz

437

Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Coefficient In Minichannels Correlation and Trends Satish G. Kandlikar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Coefficient In Minichannels ­ Correlation and Trends Satish G. Kandlikar York 14623, USA The flow boiling heat transfer in small diameter passages is being applied in many boiling heat transfer coefficient with the correlations developed for conventional channels. It is found

Kandlikar, Satish

438

The SNL/MSU/DOE Fatigue of Composite Materials Database: Recent Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The SNL/MSU/DOE Fatigue of Composite Materials Database: Recent Trends Daniel D. Samborsky1 in three areas are described for wind blade materials in the SNL/MSU/DOE fatigue of composite materials failure, epoxy based blade adhesives and core materials. Comparisons of fiber dominated and resin

439

Stratospheric ozone depletion: a key driver of recent precipitation trends in South Eastern South America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In this paper we focus on South Eastern South America (SESA), a region that has exhibited one of the largest South America 1 Introduction The depletion of ozone in the polar Antarctic strato- sphere (i.e. `theStratospheric ozone depletion: a key driver of recent precipitation trends in South Eastern South

440

Surface temperature trends in Russia over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface temperature trends in Russia over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole in Russia and nearby areas to reconstruct the ground surface temperature history (GSTH) over the past five Siberia. We derive GSTHs for each region individually, and a composite ``all-Russia'' GSTH from the full

Smerdon, Jason E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Renewable energy sector development in the Caribbean: Current trends and lessons from history  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable energy sector development in the Caribbean: Current trends and lessons from history considerations for an enabling regional energy policy framework. a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received Rebekah Shirley a , Daniel Kammen a,b,n a Energy and Resources Group, University of California, 310

Kammen, Daniel M.

442

Nitrogen oxides emission trends in Monthly emission estimates of nitrogen oxides from space provide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 5 Nitrogen oxides emission trends in East Asia Abstract Monthly emission estimates present first results of a new emission estimation algorithm, specifically designed to use daily satellite observations of column concentrations for fast updates of emission estimates of short-lived atmospheric

Haak, Hein

443

The Living Planet Index: using species population time series to track trends in biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Living Planet Index: using species population time series to track trends in biodiversity of the world's biodiversity over time. It uses time-series data to calculate average rates of change in a large number of populations of terrestrial, freshwater and marine vertebrate species. The dataset contains

Vermont, University of

444

Inorganic geochemistry of Devonian shales in southern West Virginia: geographic and stratigraphic trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Samples of cuttings from twenty-one wells and a core from a single well in southern West Virginia were analyzed for major and minor elements: silicon, aluminum, iron, magnesium, calcium, sodium, titanium, phosphorus, manganese, sulfur, zinc, and strontium. Stratigraphic and geographic controls on elemental abundances were studied through canonical correlations, factor analyses, and trend surface analyses. The most abundant elements, silicon and aluminum, show gradual trends through the stratigraphic column of most wells, with silicon increasing and aluminum decreasing up-section. Other elements such as calcium, sulfur, and titanium change abruptly in abundance at certain stratigraphic boundaries. Important geographic trends run east-west: for instance, one can see an increase in sulfur and a decrease in titanium to the west; and a decrease in silicon from the east to the central part of the study area, then an increase further west. Although observed vertical trends in detrital minerals and geographic patterns in elemental abundances agree with the accepted view of a prograding delta complex during Late Devonian time, geographically-local, time restricted depositional processes influenced elemental percentages in subsets of the wells and the stratigraphic intervals studied. The black shales of lower Huron age do not represent simply a return of depositional conditions present in the earlier Rhinestreet time; nor do the gray shales of the Ohio Shale represent the same environmental conditions as the Big White Slate.

Hohn, M.E.; Neal, D.W.; Renton, J.J.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Interaction of Scaling Trends in Processor Architecture and Cooling Wei Huang1,4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Sudhanva Gurumurthi1 , Robert J. Ribando3 , and Kevin Skadron1 1 Department of Computer Science, University, Charlottesville, VA 3 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville and manycore architecture scaling trends in conjunction with conventional air cooling and advanced microchannel

Gurumurthi, Sudhanva

446

TRENDS IN DIRECT NORMAL SOLAR IRRADIANCE IN OREGON FROM 1979-2003 Laura Riihimaki  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. A better understanding of the regional climate models can be achieved by utilizing long- term solarTRENDS IN DIRECT NORMAL SOLAR IRRADIANCE IN OREGON FROM 1979-2003 Laura Riihimaki Frank Vignola To better understand the characteristics of the region's solar resource, a preliminary study was undertaken

Oregon, University of

447

Trends in Spatial Data Shashi Shekhar , Pusheng Zhang , Yan Huang , Ranga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 3 Trends in Spatial Data Mining Shashi Shekhar #3; , Pusheng Zhang #3; , Yan Huang #3-192, 200 Union ST SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 Abstract: Spatial data mining is the process of discovering patterns from traditional numeric and categorical data due to the complexity of spatial data types, spatial

Shekhar, Shashi

448

Survival on the ark: life-history trends in captive parrots A. M. Young1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demonstrate the value of the ISIS database to estimate life-history data for an at-risk taxonSurvival on the ark: life-history trends in captive parrots A. M. Young1 , E. A. Hobson1 , L 2 International Species Information System, Eagan, MN, USA Keywords captive breeding; ISIS; life-history

Wright, Timothy F.

449

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long- term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir Inflows on Wind Power in the Pacific through diversification. In hydroelectric dominated systems, like the PNW, the benefits of wind power can

Kohfeld, Karen

450

Design and Optimization of Future Aircraft for Assessing the Fuel Burn Trends of Commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aircraft R1 Maximum payload at maximum range SFC Engine specific fuel consumption Sref Reference area STADesign and Optimization of Future Aircraft for Assessing the Fuel Burn Trends of Commercial Francisco, CA 94104, U.S.A. Accurately predicting the fuel burn performance and CO2 emissions of future

Alonso, Juan J.

451

Historical trends of metal pollution recorded in the sediments of the Culiacan River Estuary, Northwestern Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Historical trends of metal pollution recorded in the sediments of the Culiacan River Estuary indicated a slight pollution by all the trace metals examined, although levels of enrichment for Ni and Pb) is strongly recommended. # 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Heavy metals

Long, Bernard

452

Testing for Trend in North Atlantic Hurricane Activity, 1900–98  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The detection of a trend in hurricane activity in the North Atlantic basin has been restricted by the incompleteness of the record prior to 1946. In an earlier paper, the complete record of U.S. landfalling hurricanes was used to extend the ...

Andrew R. Solow; Laura J. Moore

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Ris Energy Report 4 International trends and scenarios for future energy systems Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø Energy Report 4 International trends and scenarios for future energy systems 3 Introduction In evaluations of long term energy forecasts made in the past the conclusion often is that a large number on internationally recognised scientific material". One key observation in a recent evaluation of long term energy

454

Genetic Variation among Major Human Geographic Groups Supports a Peculiar Evolutionary Trend in PAX9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of genetics is to understand how heritable information encoded in the genome determines the phenotypeGenetic Variation among Major Human Geographic Groups Supports a Peculiar Evolutionary Trend in PAX, respectively) and integrated with the information available for the same genetic region from individuals

Boyer, Edmond

455

Monitoring trends in civil engineering and their effect on indoor radon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Against Radon at Home and at Work Monitoring...discussed. The effect of energy-efficient construction...high radon levels in energy-efficient new houses...level of 26 % in average. Among the various...for such trends are energy-efficient construction...the overall energy consumption. New building concepts......

W. Ringer

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

GREEN BUILDING TRENDS How Green Building Impacted the National Capital Region Between 2003 and 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the standard in sustainable building design, construction, and operations. Scale of LEED Development Through indicate that a new era of green building is emerging as green building standards shape state and localGREEN BUILDING TRENDS How Green Building Impacted the National Capital Region Between 2003 and 2009

457

White Pine Emission Trends of Monoterpenes and Sesquiterpenes After Acute Ozone Exposure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Pine Emission Trends of Monoterpenes and Sesquiterpenes After Acute Ozone Exposure Daniel M of White Pine (Pinus strobus) specimens located at the University of Michigan Biological Station (UMBS). To measure terpene production, dynamic branch enclosures were simultaneously positioned on White Pine

Collins, Gary S.

458

Meteorologically driven trends in sea level rise Alexander S. Kolker1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meteorologically driven trends in sea level rise Alexander S. Kolker1 and Sultan Hameed2 Received] Determining the rate of global sea level rise (GSLR) during the past century is critical to understanding a suite of coastal oceanographic processes. These findings reduce variability in regional sea level rise

Hameed, Sultan

459

Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a Service-Oriented Energy Market: Current state and trend Giuliano Andrea Pagani and Marco, The Netherlands {g.a.pagani,m.aiello}@rug.nl Abstract. The energy sector, which has traditionally been to produce, deal and transport energy, and energy consumers are now in the position to also produce and trade

Aiello, Marco

460

An overview of atmospheric deposition chemistry over the Alps: present status and long-term trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the major chemical variables in response to changes in the atmospheric emission of pollutants; (iii) discussAn overview of atmospheric deposition chemistry over the Alps: present status and long-term trends, Switzerland 3 Department of Hydrobiology Applied to Water Pollution, CNR Water Research Institute, 20047

Mailhes, Corinne

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "generally downward trend" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Trends in elasticity and electronic structure of transition-metal nitrides and carbides from first principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trends in elasticity and electronic structure of transition-metal nitrides and carbides from first 2005 The elastic properties of selected transition-metal TM nitrides and carbides in B1 structure the transition-metal nitrides and carbides remain unclear and a challenge for engineering hard materials

Wu, Zhigang

462

Homogeneity of precipitation series in the Netherlands and their trends in the past century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Homogeneity of precipitation series in the Netherlands and their trends in the past century T. A. Buishand, G. De Martino, J.N. Spreeuw and T. Brandsma Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, The Netherlands ABSTRACT: The historical daily precipitation observations for the Netherlands

Brandsma, Theo

463

Wetlands Status and Trends for Coastal Wetlands P. Chow-Fraser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wetlands Status and Trends ­ for Coastal Wetlands P. Chow-Fraser Background Coastal wetlands as wetlands that occur within 2 km of the 1:100 year floodline of the Great Lake/channel shoreline, and include all four wetland types identified in the Ontario Wetland Evaluation System. An estimate of current

McMaster University

464

A Wavelet Theory -Based Adaptive Trend Analysis System for Process Monitoring and Diagnosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Wavelet Theory - Based Adaptive Trend Analysis System for Process Monitoring and Diagnosis Hiranmayee Vedam Venkat Venkatasubramanian* Laboratory for Intelligent Process Systems School of Chemical-ASTRA performs process monitoring and diagnosis. The main contributions of this paper are two fold. A wavelet

Venkatasubramanian, Venkat

465

TRENDS in Ecology & Evolution Vol.16 No.7 July 2001 http://tree.trends.com 01695347/01/$ see front matter 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. PII: S0169-5347(01)02198-X  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRENDS in Ecology & Evolution Vol.16 No.7 July 2001 http://tree.trends.com 0169­5347/01/$ ­ see, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4. e-mail: schluter@zoology.ubc.ca ECOLOGICAL SPECIATION (see Glossary) occurs leads directly or indirectly to the evolution of REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION. The concept of ecological

Pfrender, Michael

466

TRENDS in Ecology & Evolution Vol.17 No.9 September 2002 http://tree.trends.com 0169-5347/02/$ see front matter 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. PII: S0169-5347(02)02571-5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRENDS in Ecology & Evolution Vol.17 No.9 September 2002 http://tree.trends.com 0169, in some cases, identify candidate genes underlying ecologically relevant traits, providing creative new tools with which to address ecological questions. Areas of inquiry that are historically ecological

Lynch, Michael

467

LLNL-JRNL-501931 Generalized  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

JRNL-501931 JRNL-501931 Generalized displacement correlation method for estimating stress intensity factors P. Fu, S. M. Johnson, R. R. Settgast, C. R. Carrigan September 29, 2011 Engineering Fracture Mechanics Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC, nor any of their employees makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or

468

Part I, General Audit Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and subrecipients of and subrecipients of federal financial assistance from the Department of Energy (DOE). Such compliance audits must be conducted in accordance with the requirements and guidance set forth in Statement on Auditing Standards No. 117, Compliance Audits (SAS 117) and generally accepted government auditing standards (GAGAS). See section C below for more detail. The audit procedures provided in this Audit Program are the minimum necessary for uniform and consistent audit coverage. Auditors conducting audits of entities subject to the requirements of Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular No. A-133, Audits of States, Local Governments and Non-Profit Organizations, should not use this Audit Program and should instead refer to the Circular and the

469

General Electric | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Electric Jump to: navigation, search Name General Electric Place Fairfield, Connecticut Zip 06828 Stock Symbol GE Year founded 1892 Number of employees 10,000+"+" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. Website http://www.ge.com/ Coordinates 41.1758333°, -73.2719444° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.1758333,"lon":-73.2719444,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

470

General Compression | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Compression Compression Jump to: navigation, search Name General Compression Place Newton, Massachusetts Zip 2458 Product Massachusetts-based developer of compressed air energy storage systems. Coordinates 43.996685°, -87.803724° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.996685,"lon":-87.803724,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

471

LA-2271 CHEMISTRY-GENERAL  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

2271 2271 CHEMISTRY-GENERAL TID-4500, 14th Ed. LOS ALAMOS SCIENTIFIC LABORATORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LOS ALAMOS NEW MEXICO REPORT WRITTEN: August 1958 REPORT DISTRIBUTED: March 17, 1959 COMPRESSIBILITY FACTORS AND FUGACITY COEFFICIENTS CALCULATED FROM THE BEATTIE-BRIDGEMAN EQUATION OF STATE FOR HYDROGEN, NITROGEN, OXYGEN, CARBON DIOXIDE, AMMONIA, METHANE, AND HELIUM by C. E. Holley, J r . W. J. Worlton R. K. Zeigler » * This report expresses the opinions of the author or authors and does not necessarily reflect the opinions or views of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. Contract W-7405-ENG. 36 with the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States

472

rmotc general letter.qxp  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Naval Petroleum Reserve No. Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 Teapot Dome Oilfield Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center T eapot Dome was the popular name for the scandal during the administration of U.S. President Warren G. Harding. The scandal, which involved the secret leasing of naval oil reserve lands to private companies, was first revealed to the general public in 1924 after findings by a committee of the U.S. Senate. The creation of the Naval Petroleum Reserves originated with the growth of federal conserva- tion policy under presidents Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson. The reserves were tracts of public land where oil should be kept in its natural reservoirs for the future use of the Navy. "Teapot Dome" originally acquired its name from a rock nearby which resembled a teapot.

473

General Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name General Biodiesel Address 4034 West Marginal Way Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98106 Sector Biofuels Product Aims to turn waste cooking oil and animal fat into feedstock for biodiesel Website http://generalbiodiesel.com/ Coordinates 47.5677317°, -122.3542271° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.5677317,"lon":-122.3542271,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

474

Analysis of major trends in U.S. commercial trucking, 1977-2002.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on various major long-range (1977-2002) and intermediate-range (1982-2002) U.S. commercial trucking trends. The primary sources of data for this period were the U.S. Bureau of the Census Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey and Truck Inventory and Use Survey. In addition, selected 1977-2002 data from the U.S. Department of Energy/Energy Information Administration and from the U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration's Highway Statistics were used. The report analyzes (1) overall gasoline and diesel fuel consumption patterns by passenger vehicles and trucks and (2) the population changes and fuels used by all commercial truck classes by selected truck type (single unit or combination), during specified time periods, with cargo-hauling commercial trucks given special emphasis. It also assesses trends in selected vehicle miles traveled, gallons per vehicle miles traveled, and gallons per cargo ton-mile traveled, as well as the effect of cargo tons per truck on fuel consumption. In addition, the report examines long-range trends for related factors (e.g., long-haul mileages driven by heavy trucks) and their impacts on reducing fuel consumption per cargo-ton-mile and the relative shares of total commercial fuel use among truck classes. It identifies the effects of these trends on U.S. petroleum consumption. The report also discusses basic engineering design and performance, national legislation on interstate highway construction, national demographic trends (e.g., suburbanization), and changes in U.S. corporate operations requirements, and it highlights their impacts on both the long-distance hauling and shorter-distance urban and suburban delivery markets of the commercial trucking industry.

Bertram, K. M.; Santini, D .J.; Vyas, A. D.

2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

475

China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects Title China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects Publication Type Journal Year of Publication 2012 Authors Ke, Jing, Lynn K. Price, Stephanie Ohshita, David Fridley, Nina Zheng Khanna, Nan Zhou, and Mark D. Levine Keywords energy saving, energy trends, industrial energy efficiency, top-1000 Abstract This study analyzes China's industrial energy consumption trends from 1996 to 2010 with a focus on the impact of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects. From 1996 to 2010, China's industrial energy consumption increased by 134%, even as the industrial economic energy intensity decreased by 46%. Decomposition analysis shows that the production effect was the dominant cause of the rapid growth in industrial energy consumption, while the efficiency effect was the major factor slowing the growth of industrial energy consumption. The structural effect had a relatively small and fluctuating influence. Analysis shows the strong association of industrial energy consumption with the growth of China's economy and changing energy policies. An assessment of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy-Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects indicates that the economic energy intensity of major energy-intensive industrial sub-sectors, as well as the physical energy intensity of major energy-intensive industrial products, decreased significantly during China's 11th Five Year Plan (FYP) period (2006-2010). This study also shows the importance and challenge of realizing structural change toward less energy-intensive activities in China during the 12th FYP period (2011-2015).

476

Salinity Trends, Variability, and Control in the Northern Reach of the San Francisco Estuary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1977). The estuarine salinity gradient is generally steepestshear dispersion of salinity gradients (Simenstad and others

Enright, Christopher; Culberson, Steven D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Evidence of trends in near-surface wind speeds over the Baltic S.C. Pryor1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Evidence of trends in near-surface wind speeds over the Baltic S.C. Pryor1,2 , R.J. Barthelmie2 and Atmospheric Physics, Risoe National Laboratory, DK4000 Roskilde, Denmark ABSTRACT Annual mean wind speeds over associated with increases in the upper quartile of the wind speed distribution and the winter season. Trends

478

Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - General Atomics (GA)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

general-atomics-ga General general-atomics-ga General Atomics en The Scorpion's Strategy: "Catch and Subdue" http://www.pppl.gov/node/1132

American Fusion News Category: 
general-atomics-ga">General Atomics (GA)
479

A generalized interval probability-based optimization method for training generalized hidden Markov model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently a generalized hidden Markov model (GHMM) was proposed for solving the information fusion problems under aleatory and epistemic uncertainties in engineering application. In GHMM, aleatory uncertainty is captured by the probability measure whereas ... Keywords: Generalized Baum-Welch algorithm, Generalized Jensen inequality, Generalized hidden Markov model, Generalized interval probability, State recognition

Fengyun Xie; Bo Wu; Youmin Hu; Yan Wang; Guangfei Jia; Yao Cheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Degenerate Extensions of General Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

General relativity has previously been extended to incorporate degenerate metrics using Ashtekar's hamiltonian formulation of the theory. In this letter, we show that a natural alternative choice for the form of the hamiltonian constraints leads to a theory which agrees with GR for non-degenerate metrics, but differs in the degenerate sector from Ashtekar's original degenerate extension. The Poisson bracket algebra of the alternative constraints closes in the non-degenerate sector, with structure functions that involve the {\\it inverse} of the spatial triad. Thus, the algebra does {\\it not} close in the degenerate sector. We find that it must be supplemented by an infinite number ofsecondary constraints, which are shown to be first class (although their explicit form is not worked out in detail). All of the constraints taken together are implied by, but do not imply, Ashtekar's original form of constraints. Thus, the alternative constraints give rise to a different degenerate extension of GR. In the corresponding quantum theory, the single loop and intersecting loop holonomy states found in the connection representation satisfy {\\it all} of the constraints. These states are therefore exact (formal) solutions to this alternative degenerate extension of quantum gravity, even though they are {\\it not} solutions to the usual vector constraint.

Ted Jacobson; Joseph D. Romano

1992-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Challenging the generalized second law  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The generalized second law (GSL) of black hole thermodynamics states that the sum of changes in black hole entropy and the ordinary entropy of matter and fields outside the hole must be non-negative. In the classical limit, the GSL reduces to Hawking's area theorem. Neither law identifies the specific effects that make it work in particular situations. Motivated by Davies' recent gedanken experiment he used to infer a bound on the size of the fine structure constant from the GSL, we study a series of variants in which an electric test charge is lowered to a finite radius and then dropped into a Schwarzschild, a near-extremal magnetic Reissner-Nordstroem or a near-extremal Kerr black hole. For a classical charge, we demonstrate that a specific 'backreaction' effect is responsible for protecting the area theorem in the near-extremal examples. For the magnetically charged Reissner-Nordstroem hole an area theorem violation is defused by taking into account a subtle source of repulsion of the charge: the spinning up of the black hole in the process of bringing the charge down to its dropping point. In Kerr hole case, the electric self-force on the charge is sufficient to right matters. However, in all experiments involving an elementary charge, the full GSL would apparently be violated were the fine structure constant greater than about order unity. We argue that in this case a quantum effect, the Unruh-Wald quantum buoyancy, may protect the GSL.

Eling, Christopher; Bekenstein, Jacob D. [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

GENERAL TECHNICAL BASE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

General General Technical Base Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2012 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

483

General Construction Company Private Development Procedure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

administration and subcontractor management in the execution of each project. General’s current operations are very conducive to private development. However, the company can no longer rely on an oral system to relay historical processes and procedures...

Eason, Scott W.

2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

484

A SMALLEST GENERALIZATION STEP STRATEGY Claire NEDELLEC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-91490 Gif, France known positive examples, just as with timid generalization [Berwick R.C., 1986 [Shapiro, 83] is a critical aspect of the more general problem of knowledge acquisition . At that time

485

General surface equations for glancing incidence telescopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generalized set of equations are derived for two mirror glancing incidence telescopes using Fermat’s principle, a differential form of the law of reflection, the generalized sine...

Saha, Timo T

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Generating trees for permutations avoiding generalized patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generating trees for permutations avoiding generalized patterns Sergi Elizalde Dartmouth College Permutation Patterns 2006, Reykjavik Permutation Patterns 2006, Reykjavik ­ p.1 #12;Generating trees patterns Generating trees Rightward generating trees Enumeration of permutations avoiding generalized

Elizalde, Sergi

487

Interacting holographic generalized Chaplygin gas model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we consider a correspondence between the holographic dark energy density and interacting generalized Chaplygin gas energy density in FRW universe. Then we reconstruct the potential of the scalar field which describe the generalized Chaplygin cosmology.

M. R. Setare

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

TRENDS: TEMPERATURE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Historical Isotopic Temperature Record from the Vostok Ice Core Historical Isotopic Temperature Record from the Vostok Ice Core Graphics Digital Data J.R. Petit, D. Raynaud, and C. Lorius Laboratoire de Glaciogie et Géophysique de l'Environnement, CNRS, Saint Martin d'Hères Cedex, France J. Jouzel and G. Delaygue Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE), CEA/CNRS, L'Orme des Merisiers, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France N.I. Barkov Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Beringa Street 38, 199397 St. Petersburg, Russia V.M. Kotlyakov Institute of Geography, Staromonetny, per 29, Moscow 109017, Russia DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.006 Period of Record 420,000 years BP-present Methods Because isotopic fractions of the heavier oxygen-18 (18O) and deuterium (D) in snowfall are temperature-dependent and a strong spatial correlation

489

General Accounting .:. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CFO U.S. Department of Energy --- Cost Accounting Standards DOE Accounting Handbook Federal Accounting Standards Generally Accepted Accounting...

490

General Electric Company Oahu Wind Integration Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

General Electric Company Oahu Wind Integration Study Final Report Delivered to: Richard Rocheleau-956-8346 e-mail: rochelea@hawaii.edu General Electric Company (in alphabetical order) Sebastian Achilles Date: December 16 2010 #12;2 Legal Notices This report was prepared by the General Electric Company (GE

491

CO2 EMISSION CALCULATIONS AND TRENDS Thomas A. Boden and Gregg Marland  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EMISSION CALCULATIONS AND TRENDS EMISSION CALCULATIONS AND TRENDS Thomas A. Boden and Gregg Marland Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830-6335 Robert J. Andres Institute of Northern Engineering School of Engineering University of Alaska-Fairbanks Fairbanks, Alaska 99775-5900 ABSTRACT FEB 05 ZS3 OSTI The submitted manuscript has been authored by a contractor of the U.S. Government under contract No. DE- ACO5-840R21400. Accordingly, the U.S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so. for U.S. Government purposes." This paper describes the compilation, calculation, and availability of the most comprehensive CO2 emissions database currently available. The database offers global, regional, and national annual

492

NUG 2013 User Day: Trends and Innovation in High Performance Computing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home » For Users » NERSC Users Group » Annual Meetings » NUG 2013 » Home » For Users » NERSC Users Group » Annual Meetings » NUG 2013 » User Day NUG 2013 User Day: Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in High Performance Computing Wednesday, Feb. 13 Berkeley Lab Building 50 Auditorium Live streaming: http://hosting.epresence.tv/LBL/1.aspx 8:45 - Welcome: Kathy Yelick, Berkeley Lab Associate Director for Computing Sciences Trends 9:00 - The Future of High Performance Scientific Computing, Kathy Yelick, Berkeley Lab Associate Director for Computing Sciences 9:45 - NERSC Today and over the Next Ten Years, Sudip Dosanjh, NERSC Director 10:30 - The 2013 NERSC Achievement Awards 10:45 - Break Discovery 11:00 - Discovery of the Higgs Boson and the role of LBNL and World-Wide Computing , Ian Hinchliffe, Berkeley Lab 11:30 - Discovery of the θ13 Weak Mixing Angle at Daya Bay using NERSC &

493

The California Solar Initiative: Cost Trends in Customer-Sited PV  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The California Solar Initiative: Cost Trends in Customer-Sited PV The California Solar Initiative: Cost Trends in Customer-Sited PV Installations and the Impact of Retail Rate Design on the Economics of PV Systems Speaker(s): Ryan Wiser Date: January 9, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Anita Estner California's new solar initiative will dedicate over $3 billion of public funds to support the installation of customer-sited solar installations in the state over the next 10 years, principally in the form of residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems. These efforts build from historical programs that have made California the third largest PV market in the world, behind Germany and Japan. This talk will summarize recent efforts at Berkeley Lab to advise the state's energy agencies in the design

494

Demand Response in the U.S. - Key trends and federal facility participation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

in the U.S. in the U.S. Key trends and federal facility participation Phil Coleman Lawrence Berkeley National Lab FUPWG Williamsburg Meeting November 19, 2008 OUTLINE * Demand response defined * Current status in U.S. * Key trends - Increasing opportunities in "economic" DR - Rise of DR in "capacity" markets - Rise of dynamic pricing - Rise of automated DR ("auto-DR") * Federal participation is small - why? * Ramping up federal participation Demand Response * Def.: A short-term decrease in electrical consumption by end-use customers due to either a) increased electricity prices, or b) incentive payments (triggered by high wholesale market prices or compromised grid reliability). * DR participation can be either through load curtailment (short-term

495

Changing Trends in the Bulk Chemicals and Pulp and Paper Industries (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Compared with the experience of the 1990s, rising energy prices in recent years have led to questions about expectations of growth in industrial output, particularly in energy-intensive industries. Given the higher price trends, a review of expected growth trends in selected industries was undertaken as part of the production of Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO). In addition, projections for the industrial value of shipments, which were based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system in AEO2004, are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) in AEO2005. The change in industrial classification leads to lower historical growth rates for many industrial sectors. The impacts of these two changes are highlighted in this section for two of the largest energy-consuming industries in the U.S. industrial sector-bulk chemicals and pulp and paper.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. wind power industry is in an era of substantial growth, with the U.S. and China likely to vie for largest-market status for years to come. With the market evolving at such a rapid pace, keeping up with current trends in the marketplace has become increasingly difficult. At the same time, limits to future growth are uncertain. This paper summarizes major trends in the U.S. wind market, and explores the technical and economic feasibility of achieving much greater levels of wind penetration. China would be well served to conduct similar analyses of the feasibility, benefits, challenges, and policy needs associated with much higher levels of wind power generation than currently expressed in national targets.

Wiser, Ryan H

2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

497

Trends in situational norms and attitudes toward drinking among whites, blacks, and hispanics: 1984–1995  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to explore trends in situational norms and attitudes toward drinking and to assess the associations of norms and attitudes with current drinking and frequent heavy drinking patterns among whites, blacks, and hispanics between 1984 and 1995. Data were obtained from two nationwide probability samples of US households. Results indicated that there were no broad trends in situational norms and attitudes toward drinking between 1984 and 1995 among whites, blacks, and hispanics in the US. The variations in norms and attitudes detected between 1984 and 1995 were ethnic and gender-specific. For all of the groups studied, situational norms and attitudes were highly predictive of both current drinking and frequent heavy drinking patterns.

Raul Caetano; Catherine L Clark

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections. 2014 Edition (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation, based on research at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, provides a high-level overview of historical, recent, and projected near-term PV pricing trends in the United States focusing on the installed price of PV systems. It also attempts to provide clarity surrounding the wide variety of potentially conflicting data available about PV system prices. This PowerPoint is the third edition from this series.

Feldman, D.; Barbose, G.; Margolis, R.; James, T.; Weaver, S.; Darghouth, N.; Fu, R.; Davidson, C.; Booth, S.; Wiser, R.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

EIA - AEO2010 - World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010 World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010 In AEO2010, the price of light, low-sulfur (or “sweet”) crude oil delivered at Cushing, Oklahoma, is tracked to represent movements in world oil prices. EIA makes projections of future supply and demand for “total liquids,” which includes conventional petroleum liquids—such as conventional crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, and refinery gain—in addition to unconventional liquids, which include biofuels, bitumen, coal-to-liquids (CTL), gas-to-liquids (GTL), extra-heavy oils, and shale oil. World oil prices can be influenced by a multitude of factors. Some tend to be short term, such as movements in exchange rates, financial markets, and weather, and some are longer term, such as expectations concerning future demand and production decisions by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In 2009, the interaction of market factors led prompt month contracts (contracts for the nearest traded month) for crude oil to rise relatively steadily from a January average of $41.68 per barrel to a December average of $74.47 per barrel [38].

500

TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six River Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name TrendSetter Solar Products Inc (aka Trendsetter Industries, formerly Six River Solar) Place Fairhaven, California Zip 95564 Sector Solar Product Manufacturer of solar hot water heating and storage systems. Coordinates 41.63548°, -70.903856° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.63548,"lon":-70.903856,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}