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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

General single phase wellbore flow model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A general wellbore flow model, which incorporates not only frictional, accelerational and gravitational pressure drops, but also the pressure drop caused by inflow, is presented in this report. The new wellbore model is readily applicable to any wellbore perforation patterns and well completions, and can be easily incorporated in reservoir simulators or analytical reservoir inflow models. Three dimensionless numbers, the accelerational to frictional pressure gradient ratio R{sub af}, the gravitational to frictional pressure gradient ratio R{sub gf}, and the inflow-directional to accelerational pressure gradient ratio R{sub da}, have been introduced to quantitatively describe the relative importance of different pressure gradient components. For fluid flow in a production well, it is expected that there may exist up to three different regions of the wellbore: the laminar flow region, the partially-developed turbulent flow region, and the fully-developed turbulent flow region. The laminar flow region is located near the well toe, the partially-turbulent flow region lies in the middle of the wellbore, while the fully-developed turbulent flow region is at the downstream end or the heel of the wellbore. Length of each region depends on fluid properties, wellbore geometry and flow rate. As the distance from the well toe increases, flow rate in the wellbore increases and the ratios R{sub af} and R{sub da} decrease. Consequently accelerational and inflow-directional pressure drops have the greatest impact in the toe region of the wellbore. Near the well heel the local wellbore flow rate becomes large and close to the total well production rate, here R{sub af} and R{sub da} are small, therefore, both the accelerational and inflow-directional pressure drops can be neglected.

Ouyang, Liang-Biao; Arbabi, S.; Aziz, K.

1997-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

2

Factors Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single- and Dual-Stage Chemistry Factors Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single- and Dual-Stage Chemistry 2004...

3

Analysis and design of some new single phase to three phase static converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

three phase ac motor. In Chapter III, four single phase to three phase converters for fixed frequency, fixed voltage operation is proposed. They are divided into two categories: (a) half-bridge converters and (b) full-bridge converters. Suitable...? Experimental results oi' the half-bridge single phase to three phase con- verter. . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . 58 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Single phase to three phase converters are widely used where three phase ac motors need to be operated from a...

Rahman, Ashek

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

4

An economical single to three phase converter for induction motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are several different types of single to three phase converters for induction motors available today. However, many of the presently available phase converters suffer from disadvantages such as high cost or low performance. An economical...

Di Zerega, Philp Van Uytandaele

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

5

Gas-Phase Synthesis of Singly and Multiply Charged Polyoxovanadate...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

oxide clusters for subsequent investigations of structure and reactivity. Citation: Al Hasan NM, GE Johnson, and J Laskin.2013."Gas-Phase Synthesis of Singly and Multiply Charged...

6

PHASE I SINGLE CELL ELECTROLYZER TEST RESULTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document reports the results of Phase I Single Cell testing of an SO{sub 2}-Depolarized Water Electrolyzer. Testing was performed primarily during the first quarter of FY 2008 at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) using an electrolyzer cell designed and built at SRNL. Other facility hardware were also designed and built at SRNL. This test further advances this technology for which work began at SRNL in 2005. This research is valuable in achieving the ultimate goal of an economical hydrogen production process based on the Hybrid Sulfur (HyS) Cycle. The focus of this work was to conduct single cell electrolyzer tests to further develop the technology of SO{sub 2}-depolarized electrolysis as part of the HyS Cycle. The HyS Cycle is a hybrid thermochemical cycle that may be used in conjunction with advanced nuclear reactors or centralized solar receivers to produce hydrogen by water-splitting. Like all other sulfur-based cycles, HyS utilizes the high temperature thermal decomposition of sulfuric acid to produce oxygen and regenerate sulfur dioxide. The unique aspect of HyS is the generation of hydrogen in a water electrolyzer that is operated under conditions where dissolved sulfur dioxide depolarizes the anodic reaction, resulting in substantial voltage reduction. Low cell voltage is essential for both thermodynamic efficiency and hydrogen cost. Sulfur dioxide is oxidized at the anode, producing sulfuric acid that is sent to the high temperature acid decomposition portion of the cycle. The electrolyzer cell uses the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) concept. The anode and cathode are formed by spraying platinum containing catalyst on both sides of a Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM). In most testing the material of the PEM was NafionR. The electrolyzer cell active area can be as large as 54.8 cm{sup 2}. Feed to the anode of the electrolyzer is a sulfuric acid solution containing sulfur dioxide. The partial pressure of sulfur dioxide could be varied in the range of 1 to 6 atm (15 to 90 psia). Temperatures could be controlled in the range from ambient to 80 C. Hydrogen generated at the cathode of the cell was collected for the purpose of flow measurement and composition analysis. The test facility proved to be easy to operate, versatile, and reliable.

Steimke, J; Timothy Steeper, T

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

7

Solution Techniques for Single-Phase Subchannel Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A steady-state, single phase subchannel solver was created for the purpose of integration into a multi-physics nuclear fuel performance code. Since applications of such a code include full nuclear reactor core flow simulation, a thorough...

Hansel, Joshua Edmund

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

8

Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization 1 Artificial Neural Networks Properties Applications Classical Examples Biological Background 2 Single Layer

Kjellström, Hedvig

9

Single particle detection: Phase control in submicron Hall sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a phase-sensitive ac-dc Hall magnetometry method which allows a clear and reliable separation of real and parasitic magnetic signals of a very small magnitude. High-sensitivity semiconductor-based Hall crosses are generally accepted as a preferential solution for non-invasive detection of superparamagnetic nanobeads used in molecular biology, nanomedicine, and nanochemistry. However, detection of such small beads is often hindered by inductive pick-up and other spurious signals. The present work demonstrates an unambiguous experimental route for detection of small magnetic moments and provides a simple theoretical background for it. The reliability of the method has been tested for a variety of InSb Hall sensors in the range 600 nm-5 {mu}m. Complete characterization of empty devices, involving Hall coefficients and noise measurements, has been performed and detection of a single FePt bead with diameter of 140 nm and magnetic moment of {mu}{approx_equal}10{sup 8} {mu}{sub B} has been achieved with a 600 nm-wide sensor.

Di Michele, Lorenzo; Shelly, Connor; Gallop, John; Kazakova, Olga [National Physical Laboratory, Teddington TW11 0LW (United Kingdom)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

Observing a Quantum Phase Transition by Measuring a Single Spin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the ground-state quantum correlations of an Ising model can be detected by monitoring the time evolution of a single spin alone, and that the critical point of a quantum phase transition is detected through a maximum of a suitably defined observable. A proposed implementation with trapped ions realizes an experimental probe of quantum phase transitions which is based on quantum correlations and scalable for large system sizes.

Manuel Gessner; Michael Ramm; Hartmut Haeffner; Andreas Buchleitner; Heinz-Peter Breuer

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

11

Nanophotonic quantum phase switch with a single atom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In analogy to transistors in classical electronic circuits, a quantum optical switch is an important element of quantum circuits and quantum networks. Operated at the fundamental limit where a single quantum of light or matter controls another field or material system, it may enable fascinating applications such as long-distance quantum communication, distributed quantum information processing and metrology, and the exploration of novel quantum states of matter. Here, by strongly coupling a photon to a single atom trapped in the near field of a nanoscale photonic crystal cavity, we realize a system where a single atom switches the phase of a photon, and a single photon modifies the atom's phase. We experimentally demonstrate an atom-induced optical phase shift that is nonlinear at the two-photon level, a photon number router that separates individual photons and photon pairs into different output modes, and a single-photon switch where a single "gate" photon controls the propagation of a subsequent probe fiel...

Tiecke, T G; de Leon, N P; Liu, L R; Vuleti?, V; Lukin, M D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

INTERGRANULAR CORROSION OF SINGLE PHASE ALUMINIUM AS A PITTING PHENOMENON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERGRANULAR CORROSION OF SINGLE PHASE ALUMINIUM AS A PITTING PHENOMENON M. METZGER Department of pitting corrosion in sulfuric acid containing sodium chloride were described. Intergranular fissuring in producing this type of attack. The intergranular corrosion phenomena which are exhibited by high purity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

13

Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks #12;Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization 1 Artificial Neural Networks Properties Applications Classical Examples Biological Background 2

Kjellström, Hedvig

14

Film boiling on spheres in single- and two-phase flows.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Film boiling on spheres in single- and two-phase flows was studied experimentally and theoretically with an emphasis on establishing the film boiling heat transfer closure law, which is useful in the analysis of nuclear reactor core melt accidents. Systematic experimentation of film boiling on spheres in single-phase water flows was carried out to investigate the effects of liquid subcooling (from 0 to 40 C), liquid velocity (from 0 to 2 m/s), sphere superheat (from 200 to 900 C), sphere diameter (from 6 to 19 mm), and sphere material (stainless steel and brass) on film boiling heat transfer. Based on the experimental data a general film boiling heat transfer correlation is developed. Utilizing a two-phase laminar boundary-layer model for the unseparated front film region and a turbulent eddy model for the separated rear region, a theoretical model was developed to predict the film boiling heat transfer in all single-phase regimes. The film boiling from a sphere in two-phase flows was investigated both in upward two-phase flows (with void fraction from 0.2 to 0.65, water velocity from 0.6 to 3.2 m/s, and steam velocity from 3.0 to 9.0 m/s) and in downward two-phase flows (with void fraction from 0.7 to 0.95, water velocity from 1.9 to 6.5 m/s, and steam velocity from 1.1 to 9.0 m/s). The saturated single-phase heat transfer correlation was found to be applicable to the two-phase film boiling data by making use of the actual water velocity (water phase velocity), and an adjustment factor of (1 - {alpha}){sup 1/4} (with a being the void fraction) for downward flow case only. Slight adjustments of the Reynolds number exponents in the correlation provided an even better interpretation of the two-phase data. Preliminary experiments were also conducted to address the influences of multi-sphere structure on the film boiling heat transfer in single- and two-phase flows.

Liu, C.; Theofanous, T. G.

2000-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

15

Investigation of single-substance horizontal two-phase flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite the abundance of work in the field of two-phase flow, it seems as though a consensus has not been reached on some of the fundamental points. Although exceptions exist, adequate physical interpretation of the flow seems to be hindered either by complexity of analysis or, in the opposite extreme, the trend toward limited-range analysis and correlations. The dissertation presents the derivation of basic conservation equations for the phases. The combined equations are used to examine the phenomenon of slip and its practical limitations, the Fanno line for single-substance flow and the effect of slip on choking. Equations for critical mass flux in the presence of slip are derived. The Mach, Reynolds and Froude numbers based on conditions at flashing are introduced as the characteristic parameters, and the importance of compressibility in single-substance two-phase flow is discussed. Experimental measurements of pressure change and void fraction for flow in the highly compressible range (.5 < Ma < 1) are presented. The working fluid is Refrigerant R-114, at room temperature, in a test section of diameter 5 cm and length 8 m. The effect of the Froude and Mach numbers is examined. The experimental facility is operated intermittently with running times of approximately two minutes and is instrumented for rapid measurements using a computer data acquisition and control system. A description of the facility and procedure is provided.

Dickinson, D.A.; Maeder, P.F.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Single phase four pole/six pole motor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single phase alternating current electric motor is provided with a main stator winding having two coil groups each including the series connection of three coils. These coil groups can be connected in series for six pole operation and in parallel for four pole operation. The coils are approximately equally spaced around the periphery of the machine but are not of equal numbers of turns. The two coil groups are identically wound and spaced 180 mechanical degrees apart. One coil of each group has more turns and a greater span than the other two coils. 10 figs.

Kirschbaum, H.S.

1984-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

17

Single phase two pole/six pole motor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single phase alternating current two pole/six pole motor is provided with a main stator winding having six coils disposed unequally around the periphery of the machine. These coils are divided into two groups. When these groups are connected such that their magnetomotive forces are additive, two pole motor operation results. When the polarity of one of the groups is then reversed, six pole motor operation results. An auxiliary stator winding which is similar to the main stator winding is displaced from the main stator winding by 90 electrical degrees on a two pole basis. 12 figs.

Kirschbaum, H.S.

1984-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

18

Single phase two pole/six pole motor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single phase alternating current two pole/six pole motor is provided with a main stator winding having six coils disposed unequally around the periphery of the machine. These coils are divided into two groups. When these groups are connected such that their magnetomotive forces are additive, two pole motor operation results. When the polarity of one of the groups is then reversed, six pole motor operation results. An auxiliary stator winding which is similar to the main stator winding is displaced from the main stator winding by 90 electrical degrees on a two pole basis.

Kirschbaum, Herbert S. (Asheville, NC)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Dynamic behavior of a single-phase self-excited induction generator using a three-phase machine feeding single-phase dynamic load  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is motivated to analyze the transient behavior of a single-phase self-excited induction generator (SEIG) using a three-phase machine due to switching of single-phase dynamic load like induction motors. The generator consists of a three-phase star connected induction machine excited with three-capacitors and a single-phase induction motor (IM) load. The developed dynamic models of the SEIG and the motor are based on stationary reference frame dq axes theory incorporating the effect of cross-saturation in the magnetic circuit of the machine and the equations of excitation capacitors are described by three-phase abc model. The system suffers from heavy transients during switching of induction motor and becomes unstable. These problems may be due to resonance caused by series capacitors and the inductive motor load. The use of damping resistors across one series capacitor is proposed to damp out the starting transients for the stable operation. The motor can be started up successfully using the damping resistor. The variation of the damping resistance with the increase in load on the motor after successful starting to maintain constant terminal voltage has been presented. The eigenvalue technique is also employed to examine the transient conditions in the studied SEIG-IM system. The simulated and experimental results are presented for both the unsuccessful and successful starting of the motor. These results are in close agreement with each other, which show the effectiveness of the approach.

S.N. Mahato; S.P. Singh; M.P. Sharma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Instability of single-phase natural circulation under multiple loops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural circulation loop passively conveys heat from heat sources to heat sinks without mechanical pump. Various plants have natural circulation systems, e.g., solar heaters, Light Water Reactor (LWR) and Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR). The core of LMFBR is cooled by forced convection of single-phase liquid sodium in normal operation. After the accident, the decay heat of the core is designed to be cooled by the natural circulation of the liquid sodium. The natural circulation cooling is very important from a viewpoint of passive safety concept. Here, the natural circulation in single loop system had been studied by many researchers. In a multiple loop system, the instability of natural circulation was more complicated because of the interaction between the loops. In this study, the effects of the multiple loop on the natural circulation instability were investigated numerically. The multiple loops system with one heating tube and two cooling tubes were evaluated. The one-dimensional energy and momentum equations were solved using Finite Difference Method. The flow regimes of the instability were evaluated with varying the heat flux. In multiple loop system, the observed flow was classified into five regimes including chaotic regime. The flow regimes were qualitatively explained by the stability of the attractor in the phase space.

Satoh, A.; Okamoto, K.; Madarame, H. [Univ. of Tokyo, Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Nuclear Engineering Research Lab.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

New Solution Approaches to the General Single Machine Earliness ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Index Terms single-machine, earliness-tardiness, branch- and-bound .... f(x, tc), the cost of job set x at completion time tc on label L l the slope of label L. L.

2006-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

22

Six pole/eight pole single-phase motor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single phase alternating current electric motor is provided with a main stator winding having two coil groups which are connected to form eight poles for eight-pole operation and to form six poles for six-pole operation. Each group contains four series connected coil elements with each element spanning approximately one-seventh of the periphery of the machine. The coil groups are spaced 180 mechanical degrees apart such that each end coil of one group overlaps one of the end coils of the other group. An auxiliary stator winding having two coil groups with the same relative angular displacement as the main stator winding coil groups is included. 10 figs.

Kirschbaum, H.S.

1984-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

23

Robust Single-Qubit Process Calibration via Robust Phase Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An important step in building a quantum computer is calibrating experimentally implemented quantum gates to produce operations that are close to ideal unitaries. The calibration step involves estimating the error in gates and then using controls to correct the implementation. Quantum process tomography is a standard technique for estimating these errors, but is both time consuming, (when one only wants to learn a few key parameters), and requires resources, like perfect state preparation and measurement, that might not be available. With the goal of efficiently estimating specific errors using minimal resources, we develop a parameter estimation technique, which can gauge two key parameters (amplitude and off-resonance errors) in a single-qubit gate with provable robustness and efficiency. In particular, our estimates achieve the optimal efficiency, Heisenberg scaling. Our main theorem making this possible is a robust version of the phase estimation procedure of Higgins et al. [B. L. Higgins, New J. Phys. 11, 073023 (2009)].

Shelby Kimmel; Guang Hao Low; Theodore J. Yoder

2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

24

Fault Current Contribution from Single-Phase PV Inverters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A significant increase in photovoltaic (PV) system installations is expected to come on line in the near future and as the penetration level of PV increases, the effect of PV may no longer be considered minimal. One of the most important attributions of additional PV is what effect this may have on protection systems. Protection engineers design protection systems to safely eliminate faults from the electric power system. One of the new technologies recently introduced into the electric power system are distributed energy resources (DER). Currently, inverter-based DER contributes very little to the power balance on all but a few utility distribution systems. As DER become prevalent in the distribution system, equipment rating capability and coordination of protection systems merit a closer investigation. A collaborative research effort between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Southern California Edison (SCE) involved laboratory short-circuit testing single-phase (240 VAC) residential type (between 1.5 and 7kW) inverters. This paper will reveal test results obtained from these short-circuit tests.

Keller, J.; Kroposki, B.; Bravo, R.; Robles, S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

A single model of interacting dark energy: generalized phantom energy or generalized Chaplygin gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present a model in which dark energy interacts with matter. The former is represented by a variable equation of state. It is shown that the phantom crossing takes place at zero redshift, moreover, stable scaling solution of the Friedmann equations is obtained. I show that dark energy is most probably be either generalized phantom energy or the generalized Chaplygin gas.

Mubasher Jamil

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

26

Compact, Light-Weight, Single-Phase, Liquid-Cooled Cold Plate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Future 4 RelevanceObjectives * Overall Objective - Develop and demonstrate inverter plastic heat exchanger based on forced convective single-phase jets in conjunction with...

27

Developement of a digitally controlled low power single phase inverter for grid connected solar panel.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The work consists in developing a power conversion unit for solar panel connected to the grid. This unit will be a single phase inverter (more)

Marguet, Raphael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Robust iterative learning control of single-phase grid-connected inverter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the single phase inductance-capacitance-inductance (LCL) grid-connected inverter in micro-grid, a kind of robust iterative learning controller...

Zhong-Qiang Wu; Chun-Hua Xu; Yang Yang

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Formation of Hydrates from Single-Phase Aqueous Solutions and Implications for Oceanic Sequestration of CO2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Formation of Hydrates from Single-Phase Aqueous Solutions Formation of Hydrates from Single-Phase Aqueous Solutions and Implications for Oceanic Sequestration of CO 2 . G. Holder (holder@engrng.pitt.edu) 412-624-9809 L. Mokka (lakshmi.mokka@netl.doe.gov) 412-386-6019 Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA 15261 R. Warzinski* (robert.warzinski@netl.doe.gov) 412-386-5863 U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 Introduction a Gas hydrates are crystalline solids formed from mixtures of water and low molecular weight compounds, referred to as hydrate formers, that typically are gases at ambient conditions (1). Generally, hydrates are formed in the laboratory from two-phase systems by contacting a hydrate former or formers in the gas or liquid phase with liquid water and increasing the pressure until

30

A single-phase grid-connected PV system with active power filter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper a single-phase active power filter based in a two stages grid-connected photovoltaic system is presented. The proposed system can not only inject PV power into utility but can act always as an active power filter to compensate the load ... Keywords: THD, grid-connected PV systems, power factor and active power filter, single-phase systems

Kleber C. A. De Souza; Denizar C. Martins

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Impossibility of large phase shifts via the giant Kerr effect with single-photon wave packets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An approximate analytical solution is presented, along with numerical calculations, for a system of two single-photon wave packets interacting via an ideal, localized Kerr medium. It is shown that, because of spontaneous emission into the initially unoccupied temporal modes, the cross-phase-modulation in the Schroedinger picture is very small as long as the spectral width of the single-photon pulses is well within the medium's bandwidth. In this limit, the Hamiltonian used can be derived from the 'giant Kerr effect' for a four-level atom, under conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency; it is shown explicitly that the linear absorption in this system increases as the pulse's spectral width approaches the medium's transparency bandwidth, and hence, as long as the absorption probability remains small, the maximum cross-phase-modulation is limited to essentially useless values. These results are in agreement with the general, causality-based, and unitarity-based arguments of Shapiro and Razavi [J. H. Shapiro, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062305 (2006); J. H. Shapiro and M. Razavi, New J. Phys. 9, 16 (2007)].

Gea-Banacloche, Julio [Department of Physics, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

A Five-Level Three-Phase Hybrid Cascade Multilevel Inverter Using a Single DC Source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Five-Level Three-Phase Hybrid Cascade Multilevel Inverter Using a Single DC Source for a PM to construct a 3-phase 5-level cascade multilevel inverter to be used as a drive for a PM traction motor. The 5-level inverter consists of a standard 3-leg inverter (one leg for each phase) and an H-bridge in series

Tolbert, Leon M.

33

Experimental Study on Heat Transfer of Single-Phase Flow and Boiling Two-Phase Flow in Vertical Narrow Annuli  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water single-phase and nucleate boiling heat transfer were experimentally investigated in vertical annuli with narrow gaps. The experimental data about water single-phase flow and boiling two-phase flow heat transfer in narrow annular channel were accumulated by two test sections with the narrow gaps of 1.0 mm and 1.5 mm. Empirical correlations to predict the heat transfer of the single-phase flow and boiling two-phase flow in the narrow annular channel were obtained, which were arranged in the forms of the Dittus-Boelter for heat transfer coefficients in a single-phase flow and the Jens-Lottes formula for a boiling two-phase flow in normal tubes, respectively. The mechanism of the difference between the normal channel and narrow annular channel were also explored. From experimental results, it was found that the turbulent heat transfer coefficients in narrow gaps are nearly the same to the normal channel in the experimental range, and the transition Reynolds number from a laminar flow to a turbulent flow in narrow annuli was much lower than that in normal channel, whereas the boiling heat transfer in narrow annular gap was greatly enhanced compared with the normal channel. (authors)

Suizheng Qiu; Guanghui Su; Dounan Jia [Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.28, Xianning West Road, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710049 (China); Minoru Takahashi [Tokyo Institute of Technology, O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152 (Japan)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Microphysical Properties of Single and Mixed-Phase Arctic Clouds...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

droplets in liquid-only and mid-phase clouds, a lack of temperature dependence in the ice fraction for temperatures above 240 K, seasonal trends in the optical depth with the...

35

A single-phase photovoltaic inverter topology with a series-connected power buffer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Module integrated converters (MICs) have been under rapid development for single-phase grid-tied photovoltaic applications. The capacitive energy storage implementation for the double-line-frequency power variation represents ...

Pierquet, Brandon J.

36

Precise detection and elimination of grid injected DC from single phase inverters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single-phase voltage source inverters are used for connecting small scale renewable energy sources to low voltage distribution networks. They operate to supply the network with sinusoidal current. If output tr...

Ashraf Ahmed; Ran Li

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Light-Weight, Single-Phase, Liquid-Cooled Cold Plate (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation, 'Light-Weight, Low-Cost, Single-Phase Liquid-Cooled Cold Plate,' directly addresses program goals of increased power density, specific power, and lower cost of power electronics components through improved thermal management.

Narumanchi, S.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Phase transition and ferrimagnetic long-range order in the mixed-spin Heisenberg model with single-ion anisotropy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present paper, we study the quantum phase transition in the mixed-spin Heisenberg model with the single-ion anisotropy on a bipartite lattice. We prove rigorously that, when the single-ion anisotropy energy D is positive, the model has a unique ground state with the total spin-z component Sz=0. On the other hand, when the single-ion anisotropy energy is negative and favors the longitudinal spin direction, the global ground state of the system becomes doubly degenerate. Therefore, D=0 is the bifurcation point for the global ground state of the system. Furthermore, we show also that, in the latter case, the global ground state of the mixed-spin Heisenberg chain has the ferrimagnetic long-range order. Our conclusions confirm and generalize the previous results derived by numerical calculations on small size samples.

Guang-Shan Tian and Hai-Qing Lin

2004-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

39

Modeling and Simulation of an Electric Scooter Driven by a Single-Phase Induction Motor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract:- An electric vehicle driven by DC motors has been widely used for several applications. In this paper, replacement of the DC motor by a single-phase induction motor on the electric vehicle is proposed. Low cost and less maintenance make the single-phase induction motor more impressive although a complicated inverter onboard the vehicle is required. This paper investigates this possibility through a whole system of electric vehicle movement simulation. The whole system simulation consists of three main parts: 1) power supply interface 2) motor performance calculation and 3) vehicle movement simulation. The electric scooter of 0.26 kW rating was employed for test. As a result, a single-phase induction motor showed ability to drive an electric scooter carrying with 80-kg load at almost constant speed of 20 kph.

C. Sukcharoen; T. Kulworawanichapong

40

Experimental Study of Single-Phase and Two-Phase Water-in-Crude-Oil Dispersed Flow Wax Deposition in a Mini Pilot-Scale Flow Loop  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental Study of Single-Phase and Two-Phase Water-in-Crude-Oil Dispersed Flow Wax Deposition in a Mini Pilot-Scale Flow Loop ... The axial length was discretized into 174 grid points (173 discretized sections). ...

Ekarit Panacharoensawad; Cem Sarica

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Elastic properties and pressure-induced phase transitions of single-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elastic properties and pressure-induced phase transitions of single-walled carbon nanotubes S-walled carbon nanotubes under hydrostatic pressure by first-princi- ples calculations. The circular tubes of carbon nanotubes has been studied with a variety of experimental techniques. Most of these studies seemed

Nabben, Reinhard

42

SINGLE-PHASE LIQUID HEAT TRANSFER IN PLAIN AND ENHANCED MICROCHANNELS Mark E. Steinke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SINGLE-PHASE LIQUID HEAT TRANSFER IN PLAIN AND ENHANCED MICROCHANNELS Mark E. Steinke Systems upon the understanding of the fundamental heat transfer processes that occur in these systems. There have been great advancements in our understanding of the heat transfer and fluid flow mechanisms

Kandlikar, Satish

43

Low-Cost Single-Phase Powered Induction Machine Drive for Residential Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and lifetime. Keywords-induction motor; harmonic elimination; power factor correction; efficiency; low cost of the motors are less than 1 hp in size, and account for approximately 10% of the electricity consumed by the electric motor population [1]. These fractional horsepower motors are primarily single- phase induction

Chapman, Patrick

44

Comparative Study of Power Factor Correction Converters For Single Phase Half-Bridge Inverters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, telecommunication systems and medical equipment to overcome disruptions in utility power such as outage, voltage sag are extremely sensitive to cost. On-line systems are preferred where a highly reliable un- interruptible powerComparative Study of Power Factor Correction Converters For Single Phase Half-Bridge Inverters Gui

Tolbert, Leon M.

45

Single-Column Modeling A Stratiform Cloud Parameterization for General Circulation Models  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Stratiform Cloud Parameterization A Stratiform Cloud Parameterization for General Circulation Models S. J. Ghan and L. R. Leung Pacific Northwest Laboratory Richland, WA 99352 C. C. Chuang and J. E. Penner Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory : Livermore. CA 94550 J. McCaa University of Washington Seattle, Washington The crude treatment of clouds in general circulation models (GCMs) is widely recognized as a major limitation in applying these models to predictions of global climate change. The purpose of this project is to develop in GCMs a stratiform cloud parameterization that expresses clouds in terms of bulk microphysical properties and their subgrid variability. Figure 1 summarizes the various cloud variables and their interactions. Precipitating cloud species are distinguished from non-precipitating species, and the liquid phase is

46

General solution of overdamped Josephson junction equation in the case of phase-lock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first order nonlinear ODE d phi(t)/d t + sin phi(t)=B+A cos(omega t), (A,B,omega are real constants) is investigated. Its general solution is derived in the case of the choice of parameters ensuring the phase-lock mode. It is represented in terms of Floquet solution of double confluent Heun equation.

S. I. Tertychniy

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

47

Initial phase zone for phase locking to the resonance, using main condition of phase stability in DC-biased single-sided multipactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present work, the concept of accurate phase stability is employed to study a DC-biased single-sided multipactor. A main condition of phase stability was introduced in our previous studies of two-sided multipactors [M. Mostajeran, J. Instrum. 8, P04024 (2013); M. Mostajeran and M. Lamehi Rachti, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 615, 15 (2010)]. Using the same condition and assuming zero initial velocity for the secondary electrons, a regime of multipactors outside the resonance zones is found. The theoretical results are then verified by numerical simulation.

Mostajeran, M., E-mail: mostajeran@yazd.ac.ir [Faculty of Physics, Yazd University, P.O. Box 89195-741, Yazd (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Single-reactor process for producing liquid-phase organic compounds from biomass  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method for preparing liquid fuel and chemical intermediates from biomass-derived oxygenated hydrocarbons. The method includes the steps of reacting in a single reactor an aqueous solution of a biomass-derived, water-soluble oxygenated hydrocarbon reactant, in the presence of a catalyst comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, W, Re, Os, Ir, Pt, and Au, at a temperature, and a pressure, and for a time sufficient to yield a self-separating, three-phase product stream comprising a vapor phase, an organic phase containing linear and/or cyclic mono-oxygenated hydrocarbons, and an aqueous phase.

Dumesic, James A. (Verona, WI); Simonetti, Dante A. (Middleton, WI); Kunkes, Edward L. (Madison, WI)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

49

The formulation of General Relativity in extended phase space as a way to its quantization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our attempts to find an explanation for quantum behavior of the Early Universe appeal, as a rule, to the Wheeler - DeWitt Quantum Geometrodynamics which relies upon Hamiltonian formulation of General Relativity proposed by Arnowitt, Deser and Misner (ADM). In spite of the fact that the basic ideas of this approach were put forward about fifty years ago, even now we do not have clear understanding what Hamiltonian formulation of General Relativity must be. An evidence for it gives a recent paper by Kiriushcheva and Kuzmin [arXiv:0809.0097], where the authors claim that the formulation by ADM and that by Dirac made in his seminal work of 1958 are not equivalent. If so, we face the question what formalism should be chosen. Another problem is that we need a well-grounded procedure of constructing a generator of transformations in phase space for all gravitational variables including gauge ones. It suggests the notion of extended phase space. After analyzing the situation, we show that Hamiltonian formulation in extended phase space is a real alternative to Dirac and ADM formulations and can be constructed to be equivalent to the original (Lagrangian) formulation of General Relativity. Quantization in extended phase space is straightforward and leads to a new description of quantum Universe in which an essential place is given to gauge degrees of freedom.

T. P. Shestakova

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

50

Scaling analysis for the ocean motions in single phase natural circulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The effects of ocean motions should be analyzed properly in order to guarantee the safety margin of facilities in the engineering design of floating nuclear reactor system. The scaling analysis for the ocean motions in single phase natural circulation is performed. The scaling criteria for both single ocean motions and compound ocean motions are obtained. The selection and optimization of scaling criteria is also analyzed. The oscillating amplitude in experiments should be kept to be identical to that in actual ocean motions. The oscillating period is determined by the time scale. The length scale, oscillating period and experimental power should be taken into consideration synthetically to obtain a reasonable experimental period.

B.H. Yan; Q.L. Wen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Phase transitions and entanglement properties in spin-1 Heisenberg clusters with single-ion anisotropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The incipient quantum phase transitions of relevance to nonzero fluctuations and entanglement in Heisenberg clusters are studied in this paper by exploiting negativity as a measure in bipartite and frustrated spin-1 anisotropic Heisenberg clusters with bilinear-biquadratic exchange, single-ion anisotropy and magnetic field. Using the exact diagonalization technique, it is shown that quantum critical points signaled by qualitative changes in behavior of magnetization and particle number are ultimately related to microscopic entanglement and collective excitations. The plateaus and peaks in spin and particle susceptibilities define the conditions for a high/low-density quantum entanglement and various ordered phases with different spin (particle) concentrations.

V S Abgaryan; N S Ananikian; L N Ananikyan; A N Kocharian

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

52

Three-dimensional general relativistic hydrodynamics II: long-term dynamics of single relativistic stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is the second in a series of papers on the construction and validation of a three-dimensional code for the solution of the coupled system of the Einstein equations and of the general relativistic hydrodynamic equations, and on the application of this code to problems in general relativistic astrophysics. In particular, we report on the accuracy of our code in the long-term dynamical evolution of relativistic stars and on some new physics results obtained in the process of code testing. The tests involve single non-rotating stars in stable equilibrium, non-rotating stars undergoing radial and quadrupolar oscillations, non-rotating stars on the unstable branch of the equilibrium configurations migrating to the stable branch, non-rotating stars undergoing gravitational collapse to a black hole, and rapidly rotating stars in stable equilibrium and undergoing quasi-radial oscillations. The numerical evolutions have been carried out in full general relativity using different types of polytropic equations of state using either the rest-mass density only, or the rest-mass density and the internal energy as independent variables. New variants of the spacetime evolution and new high resolution shock capturing (HRSC) treatments based on Riemann solvers and slope limiters have been implemented and the results compared with those obtained from previous methods. Finally, we have obtained the first eigenfrequencies of rotating stars in full general relativity and rapid rotation. A long standing problem, such frequencies have not been obtained by other methods. Overall, and to the best of our knowledge, the results presented in this paper represent the most accurate long-term three-dimensional evolutions of relativistic stars available to date.

J. Font; T. Goodale; S. Iyer; M. Miller; L. Rezzolla; E. Seidel; N. Stergioulas; W. Suen; M. Tobias

2001-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

53

Time domain single-phase reclosure scheme for transmission lines based on dual-Gaussian mixture models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The basic principle of new adaptive reclosures are to first identify whether a fault is transient or permanent and consequently to determine the reclosing moment. In this paper a novel method to enhance self-adaptive single phase autoreclosure of transmission ... Keywords: Adaptive single phase auto-reclosing (ASPAR), Gaussian mixture models, Transient and permanent faults

S. Jazebi; S. H. Hosseinian; M. Jannati; B. Vahidi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Photoluminescence Polarization Anisotropy in a Single Heterostructured III-V Nanowire with Mixed Crystal Phases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low temperature (10 K) micro-photoluminescence ({mu}-PL) of single GaAs/AlGaAs core-shell nanowires with single GaAsSb inserts were measured. The PL emission from the zinc blende GaAsSb insert is strongly polarized along the nanowire axis while the PL emission from the wurtzite GaAs nanowire is perpendiculary polarized to the nanowire axis. The result indicates that the crystal phase, through the optical selection rules, has significant effect on the polarization of the PL from NWs besides the dielectric mismatch. The analysis of the PL results based on the electronic structure of these nanowires supports the correlation between the crystal phase and the PL emission.

Moses, A. F.; Hoang, T. B.; Ahtapodov, L.; Dheeraj, D. L.; Fimland, B. O.; Weman, H. [Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO - 7491 Trondheim (Norway); Helvoort, A. T. J. van [Department of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO-7491 Trondheim (Norway)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

55

Electron-microscopy study of the triple-q to single-q phase transition in the incommensurate phase of quartz under stress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The triple-q to single-q phase transition in quartz has been studied by electron microscopy using a heating straining device, stress being applied along the x axis. The interpretation of the experimental images obtained for small values of stress is in agreement with theoretical predictions. The presence of an intermediate state between the triple-q and single-q modulated phases has been observed for higher values of stress. It can be described as a double-q state where the two wave vectors are tilted from the y direction by an angle of +cphi and -cphi that decreases to 0 in the single-q stripe phase.

E. Snoeck and C. Roucau

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Single Photons from Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions and Quark-Hadron Phase Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present status of theoretical expectations of studies of single photons from relativistic heavy ion collisions is discussed. It is argued that the upper limit of single photon radiation from S+Au collisions at CERN SPS obtained by the WA80 collaboration perhaps rules out any reasonable description of the collision process which does not involve a phase transition to quark gluon plasma. Predictions for single photons from the quark-matter likely to be created in collision of two lead nuclei at RHIC and LHC energies are given with a proper accounting of chemical equilibration and transverse expansion. Finally, it is pointed out that, contrary to the popular belief of a quadrilateral dependence of electromagnetic radiations ($N_\\gamma$) from such collisions on the number of charged particles ($N_{ch})$, we may only have $N_\\gamma \\propto N_{ch}^{1.2}$.

Dinesh Kumar Srivastava

1997-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

57

Production-data analysis of single-phase (gas) coalbed-methane wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current work illustrates how single-well production-data-analysis (PDA) techniques, such as type curve, flowing material balance (FMB), and pressure-transient (PT) analysis, may be altered to analyze single-phase CBM wells. Examples of how reservoir inputs to the PDA techniques and subsequent calculations are modified to account for CBM-reservoir behavior are given. This paper demonstrates, by simulated and field examples, that reasonable reservoir and stimulation estimates can be obtained from PDA of CBM reservoirs only if appropriate reservoir inputs (i.e., desorption compressibility, fracture porosity) are used in the analysis. As the field examples demonstrate, type-curve, FMB, and PT analysis methods for PDA are not used in isolation for reservoir-property estimation, but rather as a starting point for single-well and multiwell reservoir simulation, which is then used to history match and forecast CBM-well production (e.g., for reserves assignment). To study the effects of permeability anisotropy upon production, a 2D, single-phase, numerical CBM-reservoir simulator was constructed to simulate single-well production assuming various permeability-anisotropy ratios. Only large permeability ratios ({lt} 16:1) appear to have a significant effect upon single-well production characteristics. Multilayer reservoir characteristics may also be observed with CBM reservoirs because of vertical heterogeneity, or in cases where the coals are commingled with conventional (sandstone) reservoirs. In these cases, the type-curve, FMB, and PT analysis techniques are difficult to apply with confidence. Methods and tools for analyzing multilayer CBM (plus sand) reservoirs are presented. Using simulated and field examples, it is demonstrated that unique reservoir properties may be assigned to individual layers from commingled (multilayer) production in the simple two-layer case.

Clarkson, C.R.; Bustin, R.M.; Seidle, J.P. [ConocoPhillips Canada, Calgary, AB (Canada)

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

A Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) based Photo-Voltaic (PV) excitation control strategy for single phase operation of three phase wind-turbine coupled induction generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Three phase induction generators are widely used for single phase operation in wind based micro-generation schemes to cater single phase loads due to various advantages. This paper presents an improved control methodology for self excited three phase induction generator operating in single phase mode. The excitation is controlled through an inverter with Photo-Voltaic (PV) panels providing power to the dc bus. The proposed technique enables the generator for building up voltage from low wind speeds compared to conventional three phase machines. A capacitor connected across load terminals reduces the reactive power supplied by the inverter connected across the other two phases. Gravitational search algorithm (GSA) is used to calculate the switching angles of the inverter under various load and wind speeds for minimum Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) of the generated voltage. The proposed induction generator is aimed to be conveniently used in remote and grid isolated areas as a portable source of electrical power driving single phase loads. Simulations and experiments performed on a 3-phase 1kW, 415V, 50Hz, 1440r/min induction machine validates the proposed concept.

Arunava Chatterjee; Krishna Roy; Debashis Chatterjee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

A Design of Single Phase Induction Generator for Waterfall-hydro Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the design of the single phase induction generator for hydro turbine that driven by waterfall power. By the principle, when the water from the waterfall flows along the 1 inch pipe until to the nozzle, after that the nozzle directs water jet along a tangent to the circle through the center of the buckets. Finally, the buckets drive the rotor shaft of the single phase induction generator and generated 220V a.c. voltage for distributing electric load. The design of single phase induction generator is modified by rewiring the winding of an old 1 HP, 220V, 50Hz motor from 4 poles to 6 poles. For impulse turbine design, this paper use the information model from Baan Kiriwong waterfall, Nakhorn Sri Thammarat province, south of Thailand for designing the dimension of the components of Pelton turbine with 9 inches diameter and 18 buckets. The result in laboratory test, at on-load test, the generator can distribute the load at 115.96W, 223V, 0.52A, 0.96P.F. - lagging with 1,200rpm of shaft speed. For the applications test, the water pump are set the pressure as similar as the Baan Kiriwong waterfall and when the water jet against the bucket for moving the generator, at on-load test, the generator can distribute the load at 77.9W, 190V, 0.41A, 0.98P.F. - lagging with 1,100rpm of shaft speed. It should be suitable for light load rural area and really far from electric distribution system.

Sirichai Dangeam

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Single Photon Production in Relativisitic Heavy Ion Collisions and Quark Hadron Phase Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the recent developments in the study of single photon production in relativistic heavy ion collisions. In particular their production at SPS, RHIC, and LHC energies is re-examined in view of the results of Aurenche et al which show that the rate of photon production from quark gluon plasma, evaluated at the order of two loops far exceeds the rates evaluated at one-loop level which have formed the basis of all the estimates of photons so far. We find that the production of photons from quark matter could easily out-shine those from the hadronic matter in certain ideal conditions. We further show that the earlier results lending support to the possibility of quark-hadron phase transition from the measured yield of single photons in $S+Au$ collisions at CERN SPS remain valid when an account is made for these developments, though they leave a scope for the formation of (chemically) non-equilibrated plasma.

Dinesh Kumar Srivastava

1999-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The high-speed operation of single phase switched reluctance motor considering magnetic saturation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the high-speed operation of SRM the conventional pulse width modulation (PWM) drive method is not available because of the limitation of switching speed; therefore the single-pulse drive method is commonly employed. On the contrary the use of the single-pulse drive method cannot avoid the overcurrent in the low-speed operation because of the insufficient back emf and the difficulty of duty control. With these reasons the switching method is commonly changed from PWM at the low-speed operation to the single-pulse method at the high-speed operation. In the fan application the required load torque increases as a square of the fan speed; it requires more current for the torque generation. Therefore at the mode transition between PWM and single-pulse drive it is unavoidable that the phase current rapidly increases if the nonlinearity of inductance to the current is not considered. In this paper by using finite element method(FEM) which is considered with the nonlinearity of the inductance with respect to the current the speed of mode transition is calculated (18?000 rpm) and verified by the experiment.

JoonSeon Ahn; Sung Hong Won

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Phases of ethane adsorbed on purified HiPco single-walled carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have used adsorption isotherms to study ethane films on bundles of purified HiPco single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). We infer the existence of a possible phase transition in this system from a sudden change in the temperature dependence of the coverage interval corresponding to a feature present in the isotherms. The possible phase transition occurs near monolayer completion, at approximately 110K. We also measured isotherms at low fractional coverages and relatively high temperatures (220240K) in order to determine the binding energy of ethane on the SWNT bundles. We obtained a value of 308meV for this quantity; this is 1.76 times larger than the binding energy of ethane on graphite. We used isotherm results obtained at all measured temperatures and coverages to determine the coverage dependence of the isosteric heat of adsorption for this system.

Dinesh S. Rawat and Aldo D. Migone

2007-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

63

Sampling device for withdrawing a representative sample from single and multi-phase flows  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fluid stream sampling device has been developed for the purpose of obtaining a representative sample from a single or multi-phase fluid flow. This objective is carried out by means of a probe which may be inserted into the fluid stream. Individual samples are withdrawn from the fluid flow by sampling ports with particular spacings, and the sampling parts are coupled to various analytical systems for characterization of the physical, thermal, and chemical properties of the fluid flow as a whole and also individually.

Apley, Walter J. (Pasco, WA); Cliff, William C. (Richland, WA); Creer, James M. (Richland, WA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Modeling Single-Phase and Boiling Liquid Jet Impingement Cooling in Power Electronics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jet impingement has been an attractive cooling option in a number of industries over the past few decades. Over the past 15 years, jet impingement has been explored as a cooling option in microelectronics. Recently, interest has been expressed by the automotive industry in exploring jet impingement for cooling power electronics components. This technical report explores, from a modeling perspective, both single-phase and boiling jet impingement cooling in power electronics, primarily from a heat transfer viewpoint. The discussion is from the viewpoint of the cooling of IGBTs (insulated-gate bipolar transistors), which are found in hybrid automobile inverters.

Narumanchi, S. V. J.; Hassani, V.; Bharathan, D.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Processing and analysis of polycrystalline thin-film solar cells made from uniform single phase materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents processes for producing uniform single phase polycrystalline films of Cu(InGa)Se{sub 2} and CdTe and the analysis of the resulting films and solar cell devices. The first two sections discuss Cu(InGa)Se{sub 2} cells prepared by the selenization of Cu-In-Ga films and of elemental evaporation. The third section describes a CdCl{sub 2} vapor treatment of CdTe that results in uniform large grain films with reduced {ital S} diffusion and reproducible performance. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Birkmire, R.W.; Hichri, H.; Klenk, R.; Marudachalam, M.; McCandless, B.E.; Phillips, J.E.; Schultz, J.M.; Shafarman, W.N. [Institute of Energy Conversion, Department of Energy, University Center of Excellence for Photovoltaic, Research and Education (National Renewable Energy Laboratory), University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

ATLAS I: A GeneralPurpose, SingleChip ATM Switch with CreditBased Flow Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATLAS I: A General­Purpose, Single­Chip ATM Switch with Credit­Based Flow Control Manolis Katevenis@ics.forth.gr Tel.: +30 (81) 391664 Fax: +30 (81) 391661 URL: file://ftp.ics.forth.gr/tech­reports/1996/1996.HOTI.ATLAS_I_ATMswitchChip.ps.gz ABSTRACT: ATLAS I is a 16x16 single­chip ATM switch, featuring 20 Gbit/s aggregate I/O throughput, sub

Katevenis, Manolis G.H.

67

Free Energy and Specific Heat in Ferroelectric Phase Transition in Terms of a Single-Mode Anharmonic Oscillator Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Copyright (c) 1971 Progress of Theoretical Physics March 1971 letter Letters to the Editor Free Energy and Specific Heat in Ferroelectric Phase Transition in Terms of a Single-Mode Anharmonic Oscillator Model Yositaka Onodera Department......

Yositaka Onodera

1971-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Free Energy and Specific Heat in Ferroelectric Phase Transition in Terms of a Single-Mode Anharmonic Oscillator Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Copyright (c) 1976 Progress of Theoretical Physics March 1976 correction Errata Free Energy and Specific Heat in Ferroelectric Phase Transition in Terms of a Single-Mode Anharmonic Oscillator Model Yositaka Onodera The......

Yositaka Onodera

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Cancellation of four-wave mixing in a single-mode fiber by midway optical phase conjugation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cancellation of waves generated by four-wave mixing (FWM) in a single-mode fiber by use of midway optical phase conjugation is proposed and analyzed, and the possible power reduction...

Watanabe, Shigeki

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

14kV single-phase superconducting fault current limiter based on YBCO films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the fabrication and short circuit test results of a 14kV single-phase resistive superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) based on \\{YBa2Cu3O7\\} (YBCO) films. Individual components were processed using the 4? YBCO films and have the rated voltage and current of 600V and 35A at 77K, respectively. Twenty four components, eight components in series and three lines in parallel, make a module having the rated voltage and current of 4.8kV and 105A, respectively. Three modules were assembled in series to produce the SFCL working at 77K, a 14kV single-phase machine for the 22.9kV YY grid. short circuit tests were successfully conducted in an accredited test facility with the maximum fault currents up to 14.1kAP. All components quenched together upon faults and shared the rated voltage evenly without any supplementary device between the modules. This proves that the SFCL based on YBCO films may not only work reliably at 22.9kV, but also provide technical feasibility for higher voltage application including the transmission grids.

J. Sim; K.B. Park; H.R. Kim; J.S. Kang; B.W. Lee; H.M. Kim; I.S. Oh; O.B. Hyun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Optimization of induction motor efficiency: Volume 2, Single-phase induction motors: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The optimal design of the motor dimensions, the capacitance of the run capacitor, the winding distribution and the choice of the electrical steel are the most important sources for an improvement of the efficiency of modern single-phase induction motors for given performance and material cost constraints. The formulation of the techniques which realize this optimization is based on nonlinear programming approaches. The Method of Boundary Search Along Active Constraints is used for the optimal design of the motor dimensions of a commercially available 2 hp, 115 V single-phase induction motor. Based on the optimization results due to the above mentioned four optimization components, the relationships between efficiency, power factor, cost, active materials and the values of the capacitance of the run capacitor are studied and the limited validity of the model law is discussed. This report also explains why the Wanlass retrofit improves efficiency and details the advantages and disadvantages of such a retrofitting as compared with the operation in the standard configuration.

Fuchs, E.F.; Huang, H.; Vandenput, A.J.; Holl, J.; Appelbaum, J.; Zak, Z.; Erlicki, M.S.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Generalized spherically symmetric gravitational model: Hamiltonian dynamics in extended phase space and BRST charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct Hamiltonian dynamics of the generalized spherically symmetric gravitational model in extended phase space. We start from the Faddeev - Popov effective action with gauge-fixing and ghost terms, making use of gauge conditions in differential form. It enables us to introduce missing velocities into the Lagrangian and then construct a Hamiltonian function according a usual rule which is applied for systems without constraints. The main feature of Hamiltonian dynamics in extended phase space is that it can be proved to be completely equivalent to Lagrangian dynamics derived from the effective action. We find a BRST invariant form of the effective action by adding terms not affecting Lagrangian equations. After all, we construct the BRST charge according to the Noether theorem. Our algorithm differs from that by Batalin, Fradkin and Vilkovisky, but the resulting BRST charge generates correct transformations for all gravitational degrees of freedom including gauge ones. Generalized spherically symmetric model imitates the full gravitational theory much better then models with finite number of degrees of freedom, so that one can expect appropriate results in the case of the full theory.

T. P. Shestakova

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

73

Droop based control of parallel-connected single-phase inverters in D-Q rotating frame  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, control of parallel single-phase inverters in Direct-Quadrature(DQ) rotating frame based on droop method is proposed. For each inverter, a secondary orthogonal imaginary circuit is created to provide the second phase required for the transformation; ...

Saeed Golestan; Mahmood Joorabian; Hasan Rastegar; Arman Roshan; Josep M. Guerrero

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Oxygen self-diffusion ``fast-paths'' in titanite single crystals and a general method for deconvolving self-diffusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oxygen self-diffusion ``fast-paths'' in titanite single crystals and a general method most other minerals, titanite rarely if ever forms perfect crystals. In addition to the point defects could occur. During the course of an experimental study of oxygen lattice diffusion in titanite, we

Watson, E. Bruce

75

A single model of traversable wormholes supported by generalized phantom energy or Chaplygin gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper discusses a new variable equation of state parameter leading to exact solutions of the Einstein field equations describing traversable wormholes. In addition to generalizing the notion of phantom energy, the equation of state generates a mathematical model that combines the generalized phantom energy and the generalized Chaplygin gas models.

Peter K. F. Kuhfittig

2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

76

Calculus for Functions of Noncommuting Operators and General Phase-Space Methods in Quantum Mechanics. II. Quantum Mechanics in Phase Space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Paper I of this investigation a new calculus for functions of noncommuting operators was developed, based on the notion of mapping of operators onto c-number functions. With the help of this calculus, a general theory is formulated, in the present paper, of phase-space representation of quantum-mechanical systems. It is shown that there is a whole class of such representations, one associated with each type of mapping, the simplest one being the well-known representation due to Weyl. For each representation, the quantum-mechanical expectation value of an operator is found to be expressible in the form of a phase-space average of classical statistical mechanics. The phase-space distribution functions are, however, not true probabilities, in general. The phase-space forms of the main quantum-mechanical equations of motion are obtained and are found to have the form of a generalized Liouville equation. The phase-space form of the Bloch equation for the density operator of a quantum system in thermal equilibrium is also derived. The generalized characteristic functions of boson systems are defined and their main properties are studied. The equations of motion for the characteristic functions are also derived. As an illustration of the theory, a generalized stochastic description of a quantized electromagnetic field is obtained.

G. S. Agarwal and E. Wolf

1970-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

Light beams with general direction and polarization: global description and geometric phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct the manifold describing the family of plane monochromatic light waves with all directions, polarizations, phases and intensities. A smooth description of polarization, valid over the entire sphere S^2 of directions, is given through the construction of an orthogonal basis pair of complex polarization vectors for each direction; any light beam is then uniquely and smoothly specified by giving its direction and two complex amplitudes. This implies that the space of all light beams is the six dimensional manifold S^2 X C^2, the Cartesian product of a sphere and a two dimensional complex vector space. A Hopf map (i.e mapping the two complex amplitudes to the Stokes parameters) then leads to the four dimensional manifold S^2 X S^2 which describes beams with all directions and polarization states. This product of two spheres can be viewed as an ordered pair of two points on a single sphere, in contrast to earlier work in which the same system was represented using Majorana's mapping of the states of a spin one quantum system to an unordered pair of points on a sphere. This is a different manifold, CP^2, two dimensional complex projective space, which does not faithfully represent the full space of all directions and polarizations. Following the now-standard framework, we exhibit the fibre bundle whose total space is the set of all light beams of non-zero intensity, and base space S^2 X S^2. We give the U(1) connection which determines the geometric phase as the line integral of a one-form along a closed curve in the total space. Bases are classified as globally smooth, global but singular, and local, with the last type of basis being defined only when the curve traversed by the system is given. Existing as well as new formulae for the geometric phase are presented in this overall framework.

R. Nityananda; S. Sridhar

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

78

Experimental synchronization of chaos in a large ring of mutually coupled single-transistor oscillators: Phase, amplitude, and clustering effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper experimental evidence of multiple synchronization phenomena in a large (n?=?30) ring of chaotic oscillators is presented. Each node consists of an elementary circuit generating spikes of irregular amplitude and comprising one bipolar junction transistor one capacitor two inductors and one biasing resistor. The nodes are mutually coupled to their neighbours via additional variable resistors. As coupling resistance is decreased phase synchronization followed by complete synchronization is observed and onset of synchronization is associated with partial synchronization i.e. emergence of communities (clusters). While component tolerances affect community structure the general synchronization properties are maintained across three prototypes and in numerical simulations. The clusters are destroyed by adding long distance connections with distant notes but are otherwise relatively stable with respect to structural connectivity changes. The study provides evidence that several fundamental synchronization phenomena can be reliably observed in a network of elementary single-transistor oscillators demonstrating their generative potential and opening way to potential applications of this undemanding setup in experimental modelling of the relationship between network structure synchronization and dynamical properties.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

First order phase transition and superconductivity in BaNi2As2 single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the synthesis and physical properties of single crystals of stoichiometric BaNi{sub 2}As{sub 2} which crystallizes in the ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2} structure type with lattice parameters a = 4.112(4) {angstrom} and c = 11.54(2) {angstrom}. Resistivity and heat capacity show a first order phase transition at T{sub 0} = 130 K with a thermal hysteresis of 7 K. The Hall coefficient is weakly temperature dependent from room temperature to 2 K where it has a value of -4 x 10{sup -10} {Omega}-cm/Oe. Resist.ivity, ac-susceptibility, and heat capacity find evidence for bulk superconductivity at T{sub c} = 0.7 K. The Sommerfeld coefficient at T{sub c} is 11.6 {+-} 0.9 mJ/ molK{sup 2}. The upper critical field is anisotropic with initial slopes of dH{sub c2}{sup c}/dT = -0.19 T/K and dH{sub c2}{sup ab}/dT = -0.40 T/K, as determined by resistivity.

Ronning, F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kurita, N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bauer, E D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Scott, B L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Klimczuk, T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Movshovich, R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, J D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

DSP-based fuzzy load controller for single phase self-excited induction generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the design and implementation of a fuzzy logic-based load controller to regulate the voltage and frequency of single phase self-excited induction generator (SEIG), suitable for standalone operation. The SEIG can be used to generate constant voltage and frequency if the load is maintained constant at its terminals. Moreover, under such operation, SEIG requires constant capacitance for excitation resulting in a fixed-point operation. For this purpose, a suitable control scheme is to be developed such that the load on the SEIG remains constant despite the change in the consumer load. A DSP-based fuzzy load controller has been developed based on equal time ratio control (ETRC) AC chopper controllable load which gives non-linear control with fast response and injects minimum harmonics in the system. The transient behaviour of DSP-based SEIG-fuzzy load controller system at different operating conditions such as application and removal of static (resistive and reactive) load is investigated.

D.K. Palwalia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

NUMERICAL VERIFICATION OF THE RELAP-7 CORE CHANNEL SINGLE-PHASE MODEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The RELAP-7 code is the next generation of nuclear reactor system safety analysis code being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). All the physics in RELAP-7 are fully coupled and the errors resulted from the traditional operator-splitting approach are eliminated. By using 2nd order methods in both time and space and eliminating operator-splitting errors, the numerical error of RELAP-7 can be minimized. Numerical verification is the process to verify the orders of numerical methods. It is an important part of modern verification and validation process. The core channel component in RELAP-7 is designed to simulate coolant flow as well as the conjugated heat transfer between coolant flow and the fuel rod. A special treatment at fuel centerline to avoid numerical singularity for the cylindrical heat conduction in the continuous finite element mesh is discussed. One steady state test case and one fast power up transient test case are utilized for the verification of the core channel model with single-phase flow. Analytical solution for the fuel pin temperature and figures of merit such as peak clad temperature and peak fuel temperature are used to define numerical errors. These cases prove that the mass and energy are well conserved and 2nd order convergence rates for both time and space are achieved in the core channel model.

Haihua Zhao; Ling Zou; Hongbin Zhang; Richard Martineau

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

A single-phase model for liquid-feed \\{DMFCs\\} with non-Tafel kinetics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An isothermal single-phase 3D/1D model for liquid-feed direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC) is presented. Three-dimensional (3D) mass, momentum and species transport in the anode channels and gas diffusion layer is modeled using a commercial, finite-volume based, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software complemented with user supplied subroutines. The 3D model is locally coupled to a one-dimensional (1D) model accounting for the electrochemical reactions in both the anode and the cathode, which provides a physically sound boundary condition for the velocity and methanol concentration fields at the anode gas diffusion layer/catalyst interface. The 1D model comprising the membraneelectrode assembly, cathode gas diffusion layer, and cathode channel assumes non-Tafel kinetics to describe the complex kinetics of the multi-step methanol oxidation reaction at the anode, and accounts for the mixed potential associated with methanol crossover, induced both by diffusion and electro-osmotic drag. Polarization curves computed for various methanol feed concentrations, temperatures, and methanol feed velocities show good agreement with recent experimental results. The spatial distribution of methanol in the anode channels, together with the distributions of current density, methanol crossover and fuel utilization at the anode catalyst layer, are also presented for different opperating conditions.

Marcos Vera

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Microjet array single-phase and flow boiling heat transfer with R134a Eric A. Browne a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a submerged microjet array was conducted with R134a. The staggered array of seventeen 112-lm diameter orifices blades and quench metals. Many of these practical uses of jets employ an array of jets rather than circular microjets of diameter 112 lm on a 1 ? 1 mm heater to investigate single-phase and boiling heat

Peles, Yoav

84

Experimental and numerical study of pressure drop and heat transfer in a single-phase micro-channel heat sink  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental and numerical study of pressure drop and heat transfer in a single-phase micro Received 6 July 2001; received in revised form 26 October 2001 Abstract The pressure drop and heat transfer-dimensional heat transfer characteristics of the heat sink were analyzed numerically by solving the conjugate heat

Qu, Weilin

85

Design and Realization of Autonomous Power CMOS Single Phase Inverter and Rectifier for Low Power Conditioning Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design and Realization of Autonomous Power CMOS Single Phase Inverter and Rectifier for Low Power operate as an inverter or as a rectifier in a wide range of power flows and input voltages. Three of the inverter reaches up to 92% as a function of input voltage with these conditions. The second experimental

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

86

A single-phase, non-isothermal model for PEM fuel cells Hyunchul Ju, Hua Meng, Chao-Yang Wang *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A single-phase, non-isothermal model for PEM fuel cells Hyunchul Ju, Hua Meng, Chao-Yang Wang October 2004 Available online 8 December 2004 Abstract A proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell produces a comprehensive study of thermal and water management in PEM fuel cells. Numerical simulations reveal

87

Safe-commutation principle for direct single-phase AC-AC converters for use in audio power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safe-commutation principle for direct single-phase AC-AC converters for use in audio power-stage AC-AC audio power amplifiers. As compared with the bridge commutation with load current or source is certainly the audio power amplification. Switching-mode Class D audio power amplifiers are becoming

88

Entanglement and quantum phase transition in a mixed-spin Heisenberg chain with single-ion anisotropy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the ground-state and thermal entanglement in the mixed-spin ( S , s ) = ( 1 , 1 / 2 ) Heisenberg chain with single-ion anisotropy D using exact diagonalization of small clusters. In this system, a quantum phase transition is revealed to occur at the value D = 0 , which is the bifurcation point for the global ground state; that is, when the single-ion anisotropy energy is positive, the ground state is unique, whereas when it is negative, the ground state becomes doubly degenerate and the system has the ferrimagnetic long-range order. Using the negativity as a measure of entanglement, we find that a pronounced dip in this quantity, taking place just at the bifurcation point, serves to signal the quantum phase transition. Moreover, we show that the single-ion anisotropy helps to improve the characteristic temperatures above which the quantum behavior disappears.

E. Solano-Carrillo; R. Franco; J. Silva-Valencia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Single- and two-phase flow in microfluidic porous media analogs based on Voronoi tessellation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to create a microfluidic model of complex porous media for studying single and multiphase flows. Most experimental porous media models consist of periodic geometries that lend themselves to comparison with well-developed theoretical predictions. However, most real porous media such as geological formations and biological tissues contain a degree of randomness and complexity that is not adequately represented in periodic geometries. To design an experimental tool to study these complex geometries, we created microfluidic models of random homogeneous and heterogeneous networks based on Voronoi tessellations. These networks consisted of approximately 600 grains separated by a highly connected network of channels with an overall porosity of 0.11 0.20. We found that introducing heterogeneities in the form of large cavities within the network changed the permeability in a way that cannot be predicted by the classical porosity-permeability relationship known as the Kozeny equation. The values of permeability found in experiments were in excellent agreement with those calculated from three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann simulations. In two-phase flow experiments of oil displacement with water we found that the surface energy of channel walls determined the pattern of water invasion, while the network topology determined the residual oil saturation. These results suggest that complex network topologies lead to fluid flow behavior that is difficult to predict based solely on porosity. The microfluidic models developed in this study using a novel geometry generation algorithm based on Voronoi tessellation are a new experimental tool for studying fluid and solute transport problems within complex porous media.

Wu, Mengjie [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Xiao, Feng [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Johnson-Paben, Rebecca [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Retterer, Scott T [ORNL; Yin, Xiaolong [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Neeves, Keith B [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

PARS II Process Document Project Phasing (Multiple CD-2 from Single CD-1)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document details the process by which projects that adopted Phasing approach (different phases of the same larger project are treated as separate sub-projects, resulting in multiple CD-2...

91

Calculus for Functions of Noncommuting Operators and General Phase-Space Methods in Quantum Mechanics. III. A Generalized Wick Theorem and Multitime Mapping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The new c-number calculus for functions of noncommuting operators, developed in Paper I and employed in Paper II to formulate a general phase-space description of boson systems, deals with situations involving equal-time operators only. In the present paper extensions are presented for the treatment of problems involving boson operators at two or more instants of time. The mapping of time-ordered products onto c-number functions is studied in detail. The results make it possible to evaluate time-ordered products of boson operators by phase-space techniques. The usual Wick theorem for boson systems is obtained as a special case of a much more general theorem on time ordering. Our method of derivation appears to provide the first direct proof of Wick's theorem as well as a clear insight into its true meaning. A closed expression is also obtained for the time-evolution operator in terms of the solution of the c-number differential equation for the phase-space equivalent of this operator. The new calculus is also applied to the problem of evaluating normally ordered time-ordered, and also the antinormally ordered time-ordered, correlation functions.

G. S. Agarwal and E. Wolf

1970-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

Performance analysis of a new configuration of three-phase self-excited induction generator feeding a single-phase load  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a steady-state performance analysis for a new configuration of self-regulated self-excited three-phase squirrel cage induction generator feeding single phase loads. The proposed scheme provides the required reactive power for excitation, small voltage regulation, acceptable phase balance and large output power. Using an equivalent circuit model incorporated with the method of symmetrical components, the total impedance equation of the generator's model is derived. This non-linear equation is minimised to obtain the operating frequency and magnetising reactance. Based on the derived circuit model, the performance of the generator under different operating conditions is predicted. To confirm the validity of the proposed scheme, simulation results are compared with their corresponding test results.

Yaser N. Anagreh; Nassim Ahmad Iqteit; Sameer F. Mohammad

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Accelerated safety analyses - structural analyses Phase I - structural sensitivity evaluation of single- and double-shell waste storage tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accelerated Safety Analyses - Phase I (ASA-Phase I) have been conducted to assess the appropriateness of existing tank farm operational controls and/or limits as now stipulated in the Operational Safety Requirements (OSRs) and Operating Specification Documents, and to establish a technical basis for the waste tank operating safety envelope. Structural sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the response of the different waste tank configurations to variations in loading conditions, uncertainties in loading parameters, and uncertainties in material characteristics. Extensive documentation of the sensitivity analyses conducted and results obtained are provided in the detailed ASA-Phase I report, Structural Sensitivity Evaluation of Single- and Double-Shell Waste Tanks for Accelerated Safety Analysis - Phase I. This document provides a summary of the accelerated safety analyses sensitivity evaluations and the resulting findings.

Becker, D.L.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Entanglement spectrum and quantum phase transitions in one-dimensional XXZ model with uniaxial single-ion anisotropy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Quantum phase transitions (QPTs) in one-dimensional S = 1 XXZ model with uniaxial single-ion anisotropy are investigated. Bipartite entanglement, entanglement spectrum, and Schmidt gap are found to be capable of describing all the QPTs, even the infinite-order BerezinskiiKosterlitzThouless (BKT) transition. According to the singular behavior of the second-order derivative of ground-state energy, the QPT between XY2 and antiferromagnetic phases is a second-order but not a BKT transition. Energy level crossing, accompanied with discontinuous entanglement entropy and entanglement spectrum, is observed at the transition point between the large-D and antiferromagnetic phases, therefore it should be a first-order QPT. In addition, doubly degenerate entanglement spectrum in the Haldane phase is observed.

Guang-Hua Liu; Wei Li; Wen-Long You; Gang Su; Guang-Shan Tian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A grating-based single-shot x-ray phase contrast and diffraction method for in vivo imaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop a single-shot version of the grating-based phase contrast x-ray imaging method and demonstrate its capability of in vivo animal imaging. Here, the authors describe the principle and experimental results. They show the source of artifacts in the phase contrast signal and optimal designs that minimize them. They also discuss its current limitations and ways to overcome them. Methods: A single lead grid was inserted midway between an x-ray tube and an x-ray camera in the planar radiography setting. The grid acted as a transmission grating and cast periodic dark fringes on the camera. The camera had sufficient spatial resolution to resolve the fringes. Refraction and diffraction in the imaged object manifested as position shifts and amplitude attenuation of the fringes, respectively. In order to quantify these changes precisely without imposing a fixed geometric relationship between the camera pixel array and the fringes, a spatial harmonic method in the Fourier domain was developed. The level of the differential phase (refraction) contrast as a function of hardware specifications and device geometry was derived and used to guide the optimal placement of the grid and object. Both ex vivo and in vivo images of rodent extremities were collected to demonstrate the capability of the method. The exposure time using a 50 W tube was 28 s. Results: Differential phase contrast images of glass beads acquired at various grid and object positions confirmed theoretical predictions of how phase contrast and extraneous artifacts vary with the device geometry. In anesthetized rats, a single exposure yielded artifact-free images of absorption, differential phase contrast, and diffraction. Differential phase contrast was strongest at bone-soft tissue interfaces, while diffraction was strongest in bone. Conclusions: The spatial harmonic method allowed us to obtain absorption, differential phase contrast, and diffraction images, all from a single raw image and is feasible in live animals. Because the sensitivity of the method scales with the density of the gratings, custom microfabricated gratings should be superior to off-the-shelf lead grids.

Bennett, Eric E.; Kopace, Rael; Stein, Ashley F.; Wen Han [National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Imaging Physics Section, Translational Medicine Branch, 10 Center Drive, MSC 1061, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

96

Magnetic phase diagram of the S=1/2 triangular layered compound NaNiO2: a single crystal study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic phase diagram of the S=1/2 triangular layered compound NaNiO2: a single crystal study S de Magnetic Field Laboratory, CNRS, BP166, F-38042 Grenoble cedex 9, France Abstract. Using magnetic torque measurement on a NaNiO2 single crystal, we have established the magnetic phase diagram of this triangular

Boyer, Edmond

97

Massive parallel generation of indistinguishable single photons via polaritonic superfluid to Mott-insulator quantum phase transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose the superfluid to Mott-insulator quantum phase transition in an array of exciton-polariton traps can be utilized for massive parallel generation of indistinguishable single photons. By means of analytical and numerical methods, the device operations and system properties are studied using realistic experimental parameters. Such a deterministic, fault-tolerant, massive parallel generation may open up a new perspective in photonic quantum information processing.

Neil Na; Yoshihisa Yamamoto

2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

98

Anomalous thermal conduction characteristics of phase change composites with single walled carbon nanotube inclusions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the phase change materials, because low thermal conductivity hinders the rate of energy storage and release of the new way of improving the thermal conductivity of phase change materials by seeding nano materials way to manipulate the thermal conductivity of nano composites using one dimensional nano material

Maruyama, Shigeo

99

TNX GeoSiphon Cell (TGSC-1) Phase II Single Cell Deployment/Demonstration Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Phase II final report documents the Phase II testing conducted from June 18, 1998 through November 13, 1998, and it focuses on the application of the siphon technology as a sub-component of the overall GeoSiphon Cell technology. [Q-TPL-T-00004

Phifer, M.A.

1999-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Single and two-photon fluorescence control of Er{sup 3+} ions by phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate the control of the single and two-photon fluorescence (SPF and TPF) in Er{sup 3+} ions by shaping the femtosecond laser pulse with a ? or square phase modulation. With the low laser intensity (8.4??10{sup 10}?W/cm{sup 2}), SPF keeps a constant while TPF is effectively suppressed by the two control schemes. With the high laser intensity (1.2??10{sup 13}?W/cm{sup 2}), both SPF and TPF are simultaneously enhanced or suppressed by the ? phase modulation, and SPF is enhanced while TPF is effectively suppressed by the square phase modulation. The up/down-conversion fluorescence enhancement, suppression, or tuning by the optical control method can greatly expand its applications in various related fields.

Zhang, Shian, E-mail: sazhang@phy.ecnu.edu.cn; Ding, Jingxin; Lu, Chenhui; Jia, Tianqing; Sun, Zhenrong, E-mail: zrsun@phy.ecnu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China); Xu, Shuwu [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China) [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China); School of Science, Nantong University, Nantong 226007 (China); Qiu, Jianrong [State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, and Institute of Optical Communication Materials, South China University of Technology, Wushan Road 381, Guangzhou 510640 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, and Institute of Optical Communication Materials, South China University of Technology, Wushan Road 381, Guangzhou 510640 (China)

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Phase 1 RCRA Facility Investigation & Corrective Measures Study Work Plan for Single Shell Tank (SST) Waste Management Areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is the master work plan for the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) Corrective Action Program (RCAP) for single-shell tank (SST) farms at the US. Department of Energy's (DOE'S) Hanford Site. The DOE Office of River Protection (ORP) initiated the RCAP to address the impacts of past and potential future tank waste releases to the environment. This work plan defines RCAP activities for the four SST waste management areas (WMAs) at which releases have contaminated groundwater. Recognizing the potential need for future RCAP activities beyond those specified in this master work plan, DOE has designated the currently planned activities as ''Phase 1.'' If a second phase of activities is needed for the WMAs addressed in Phase 1, or if releases are detected at other SST WMAs, this master work plan will be updated accordingly.

MCCARTHY, M.M.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternating-phase fed single-layer Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AND GUIDED WAVE LETTERS, VOL. 10, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2000 A Single-Layer CPW-FED Active Patch Antenna Summary: 64 IEEE MICROWAVE AND GUIDED WAVE LETTERS, VOL. 10, NO. 2, FEBRUARY...

103

Phase transitions in the two-dimensional single-ion anisotropic Heisenberg model with long-range interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the present work, we investigate the effects of long-range interactions on the phase transitions of a two-dimensional Heisenberg model with single-ion anisotropy at zero and finite temperatures. The Hamiltonian is given by H = ? i ? j J ij ( S i x S j x + S i y S j y + ? S i z S j z ) + D ? i ( S i z ) 2 , where J ij = ? J | r j ? r i | ? p ( p ? 3 ) is a long-range ferromagnetic interaction ( J > 0 ) , 0 ? ? ? 1 is an anisotropic constant and D is the single-ion anisotropic constant. It is well-known that the single-ion anisotropy D creates a competition between an ordered state (favored by the exchange interaction) and a disordered state, even at zero temperature. For small values of D, the system has a spontaneous magnetization m z ? 0 , while in the large-D phase mz=0 because a state with ? S z ? ? 0 is energetically unfavorable. Therefore a phase transition takes a place in some critical value Dc due to quantum fluctuations. For systems with short-range interaction Dc?6J (depending of ? constant) but in our model we have found larger values of D due to the higher cost to flip a spin. Since low-dimensional magnetic systems with long range interaction can be ordered at finite temperature, we also have analyzed the thermal phase transitions (similar to the BKT transition). The model has been studied by using a Schwinger boson formalism as well as the self-consistent harmonic approximation (SCHA) and both methods provide according results.

A.R. Moura

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

COMMIX-1AR/P: A three-dimensional transient single-phase computer program for thermal hydraulic analysis of single and multicomponent systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The COMMIX-1AR/P computer program is designed for analyzing the steady-state and transient aspects of single-phase fluid flow and heat transfer in three spatial dimensions. This version is an extension of the modeling in COMMIX-1A to include multiple fluids in physically separate regions of the computational domain, modeling descriptions for pumps, radiation heat transfer between surfaces of the solids which are embedded in or surround the fluid, a k-[var epsilon] model for fluid turbulence, and improved numerical techniques. The porous-medium formulation in COMMIX allows the program to be applied to a wide range of problems involving both simple and complex geometrical arrangements. The input preparation and execution procedures are presented for the COMMIX-1AR/P program and several postprocessor programs which produce graphical displays of the calculated results.

Garner, P.L.; Blomquist, R.N.; Gelbard, E.M.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

COMMIX-1AR/P: A three-dimensional transient single-phase computer program for thermal hydraulic analysis of single and multicomponent systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The COMMIX-LAR/P computer program is designed for analyzing the steady-state and transient aspects of single-phase fluid flow and heat transfer in three spatial dimensions. This version is an extension of the modeling in COMMIX-lA to include multiple fluids in physically separate regions of the computational domain, modeling descriptions for pumps, radiation heat transfer between surfaces of the solids which are embedded in or surround the fluid, a keg model for fluid turbulence, and improved numerical techniques. The porous-medium formulation in COMMIX allows the program to be applied to a wide range of problems involving both simple and complex geometrical arrangements. The internal aspects of the COMMIX-LAR/P program are presented, covering descriptions of subprograms, variables, and files.

Garner, P.L.; Blomquist, R.N.; Gelbard, E.M.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Generalized minimum-phase relations for memory functions associated with wave phenomena  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......5); only the Zener model does. We applied the generalized...spectra of a memory function that does not necessarily meet the stability...Abramowitz M. , Stegun I.A. Handbook of Mathematical Functions...Universitaire Pers. de Hoop A.T. Handbook of Radiation and Scattering......

Karel N. van Dalen; Evert Slob; Christiaan Schoemaker

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Single Location Doublet Well to Reduce Salt-Water Encroachment: Phase I-Numerical Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C. E. Jacob received patents in 1965 for a single location well doublet that would produce fresh water overlying salt-water without upconing of the heavier salt-water and pollution of the fresh water zone. No known evaluation of the concept...

Reddell, D. L.

108

Phase matrix and cross sections for single scattering by circular cylinders: a comparison of ray optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optics and wave theory Yoshihide Takano and Masayuki Tanaka The phase matrix and several quantities of ray optics, which includes geometrical reflection and refraction plus Fraunhofer diffraction optics approximations for m = 1.31-O.Oi and 1.31-0.li. Results by these methods approach oneanother

Takano, Yoshihide

109

Development of a generalized correlation for phase-velocity measurements obtained from impedance-probe pairs in two-phase flow systems. [PWR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A flag type electrical impedance probe has been developed at the Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL) to measure liquid- and vapor-phase velocities in steam-water mixtures flowing through rod bundles. Measurements are made by utilizing the probes in pairs, installed in line, parallel to the flow direction, and extending out into the flow channel. The present study addresses performance difficulties by examining from a fundamental point of view the two-phase flow system which the impedance probes typically operate in. Specifically, the governing equations (continuity, momentum, energy) were formulated for both air-water and steam-water systems, and then subjected to a scaling analysis. The scaling analysis yielded the appropriate dimensionless parameters of significance in both kinds of systems. Additionally, with the aid of experimental data obtained at ORNL, those parameters of significant magnitude were established. As a result, a generalized correlation was developed for liquid and vapor phase velocities that makes it possible to employ the impedance probe velocity measurement technique in a wide variety of test configurations and fluid combinations.

Hsu, C.T.; Keshock, E.G.; McGill, R.N.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Exergy analysis of second-generation micro heat sinks under single-phase and flow boiling conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A parametric study of exergy efficiency was conducted for five micro pin fin heat sinks of different spacing and shapes. Of the four micro pin fin heat sinks tested under single-phase flow conditions, those with better heat transfer performance yielded superior exergy efficiencies. The use of R-123 in place of water as working fluid was found to enhance exergetic performance at the expense of reduced heat transfer performance. The exergy analysis was also extended to the flow boiling of R-123 in an additional hydrofoil-based micro pin fin heat sink. It was found that exergy efficiencies decreased with mass velocity.

Ali Kosar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

A Five-Level Cascade Multilevel Inverter Three-Phase Motor Drive Using a Single DC Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is presented showing that a 5-level cascade multilevel inverter for a three-phase permanent magnet sychronous motor drive can be implemented using only a single DC link to supply a standard 3-leg inverter along with three full H-bridges supplied by capacitors. It is shown that the capacitor voltages can be regulated while achieving an output voltage waveform that is 20% greater than that obained using the standard 3-leg inverter alone. Finally conditions are given in terms of the power factor and modulation index that determine when the capacitor voltage can regulated.

Chiasson, J. N. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

A Five-Level Cascade Multilever Invertor Three-Phase Motor Drive Using a Single DC Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is presented showing that a 5-level cascade multilevel inverter for a three-phase permanent magnet synchronous motor drive can be implemented using only a single DC link to supply a standard 3-leg inverter along with three full H-bridges supplied by capacitors. It is shown that the capacitor voltages can be regulated while achieving an output voltage waveform that is 20% greater than that obtained using the standard 3-leg inverter alone. Finally conditions are given in terms of the power factor and modulation index that determine when the capacitor voltage can regulated.

Chiasson, J.N. (Univ. Tennessee-Knoxville)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

On the validation of magnetic resonance velocimetry in single-phase turbulent pipe flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nuclear magnetic resonance imaging technique is used to measure velocity distributions in turbulent pipe flows up to Re = 24580. While turbulent intensity is usually determined from signal attenuation, we deduce turbulent intensity from velocity distribution with no need to suppose a Gaussian distribution for velocity fluctuations. Skewness and flatness measurements are also presented in this paper. Comparison with DNS show good agreement and we show that NMR data is sufficiently accurate to provide turbulent viscosity profile. The low field system used in this study allow the suppression of susceptibility artifacts and thus open its use for studying two-phase flows. We postulate that the method used here could be applied to two-phase flows and would thus provide valuable information on turbulent viscosity models. (authors)

Jullien, P.; Lemonnier, H. [CEA Grenoble, DTN LITA SE2T, F-38054 Grenoble 9, (France)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

General matrix ENDOR line shape model applied to the methyl radical in lithium acetate dihydrate using single crystal data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new general matrix ENDOR line shape model is tested against ENDOR data on the methyl radical in ??irradiated lithium acetate dihydrate. All parameters in the line shape model are determined or narrowly limited by experiment. These include the dipolar tensors of all protons within 5 of the methyl radical the microwave and radiofrequency magnetic fields and the electronic and nuclear spinlattice and spinspin relaxation times. The theoretical simulations agree satisfactorily with the experimental lineshape microwavemagnetic field dependence radiofrequency magnetic field dependence and angular variation of single crystalENDOR line intensities. The effective nuclear spinlattice relaxation time is ?10 ms at 77 K and seems to be dominated by an angularly independent nuclear relaxation mechanism. The angularly dependent electronnuclear dipolar interaction is found to be of much less importance for the ENDOR response. It is noted that the angular variation of ENDOR intensities is an important parameter to assess the nuclear relaxation mechanisms that control the ENDOR response. Data on cw and pulsed matrix ENDOR are compared and found to be similar. It is also shown that a model based on idealized line shape theory for disordered systems can satisfactorily reproduce matrix ENDOR line shapes. Both models allow calculation of the relative contributions from angularly independent and dependent ENDOR responses.

Larry Kevan; P. A. Narayana; K. Toriyama; M. Iwasaki

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Full-field velocity measurements of single and two phase flows using digital pulsed laser velocimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

considered to be based upon qualitative rather that quantitative foundations (Adrian & Landreth 1988). As a direct result of the limitations associated with many of the previously discussed methodologies, the technique of PLV has emerged and advanced... numbers than those currently attainable with numerical solutions and less sophisticated experimental methods (Adrian 1989). Although the PLV method generally measures two dimensional velocity vectors in two dimensional flow domains, extensions to three...

Canaan, Robert Ernst

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

116

Real Power and Reactive Power Control of a Three-Phase Single-Stage-PV System and PV voltage Stability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems with power electronic interfaces can provide both real and reactive power to meet power system needs with appropriate control algorithms. This paper presents the control algorithm design for a three-phase single-stage grid-connected PV inverter to achieve either maximum power point tracking (MPPT) or a certain amount of real power injection, as well as the voltage/var control. The switching between MPPT control mode and a certain amount of real power control mode is automatic and seamless. Without the DC-to-DC booster stage, PV DC voltage stability is an important issue in the control design especially when the PV inverter is operating at maximum power point (MPP) with voltage/var control. The PV DC voltage collapse phenomenon and its reason are discussed. The method based on dynamic correction of the PV inverter output is proposed to ensure PV DC voltage stability. Simulation results of the single-stage PV system during system disturbances and fast solar irradiation changes confirm that the proposed control algorithm for single-stage PV inverters can provide appropriate real and reactive power services and ensure PV DC voltage stability during dynamic system operation and atmospheric conditions.

Li, Huijuan [ORNL] [ORNL; Xu, Yan [ORNL] [ORNL; Adhikari, Sarina [ORNL] [ORNL; Rizy, D Tom [ORNL] [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL] [ORNL; Irminger, Philip [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Anharmonicity and isomorphic phase transition: a multi-temperature X-ray single-crystal and powder diffraction study of 1-(2'-aminophenyl)-2-methyl-4-nitroimidazole  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multi-temperature single-crystal and powder diffraction experiments on 1-(2'-aminophenyl)-2-methyl-4-nitroimidazole show that this crystal undergoes an isomorphic phase transition with the coexistence of two phase domains over a wide temperature range. The anharmonic approach was the only way to model the resulting disorder.

Poulain, A.

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

118

SAMFT1D: Single-phase and multiphase flow and transport in 1 dimension. Version 2.0, Documentation and user`s guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents a one-dimensional numerical model, SAMFT1D, developed to simulate single-phase and multiphase fluid flow and solute transport in variably saturated porous media. The formulation of the governing equations and the numerical procedures used in the code for single-phase and multiphase flow and transport are presented. The code is constructed to handle single-phase as well as two or three-phase flow conditions using two integrated sets of computational modules. The fully implicit scheme is used in the code for both single-phase and multiphase flow simulations. Either the Crank-Nicholson scheme or the fully implicit scheme may be used in the transport simulation. The single-phase modules employ the Galerkin and upstream weighted residual finite element techniques to model flow and transport of water (aqueous phase) containing dissolved single-species contaminants concurrently or sequentially, and include the treatment of various boundary conditions and physical processes. The multiphase flow modules use block-centered finite difference techniques to simulate two or three-phase flow problems, and treat different boundary conditions in terms of source/sink terms fully implicitly. Whereas the multiphase solute transport modules employ finite element schemes to handle single-species transport in multiphase fluid systems. This document has been produced as a user`s manual. It contains detailed information on the code structure along with instructions for input data preparation and sample input and printed output for selected test problems. Also included are instructions for job set up and simulation restart procedures.

Wu, Y.S.; Huyakorn, P.S.; Panday, S.; Park, N.S.; Kool, J.B. [HydroGeoLogic, Inc., Herndon, VA (United States)

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

SiC MOSFET Based Single Phase Active Boost Rectifier with Power Factor Correction for Wireless Power Transfer Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) technology is a novel research area in the charging technology that bridges the utility and the automotive industries. There are various solutions that are currently being evaluated by several research teams to find the most efficient way to manage the power flow from the grid to the vehicle energy storage system. There are different control parameters that can be utilized to compensate for the change in the impedance due to variable parameters such as battery state-of-charge, coupling factor, and coil misalignment. This paper presents the implementation of an active front-end rectifier on the grid side for power factor control and voltage boost capability for load power regulation. The proposed SiC MOSFET based single phase active front end rectifier with PFC resulted in >97% efficiency at 137mm air-gap and >95% efficiency at 160mm air-gap.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL] [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL] [ORNL; Chinthavali, Madhu Sudhan [ORNL] [ORNL; Campbell, Steven L [ORNL] [ORNL; Miller (JNJ), John M. [JNJ-Miller PLC] [JNJ-Miller PLC

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Impact of single-particle compressibility on the fluid-solid phase transition for ionic microgel suspensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study ionic microgel suspensions composed of swollen particles for various single-particle stiffnesses. We measure the osmotic pressure $\\pi$ of these suspensions and show that it is dominated by the contribution of free ions in solution. As this ionic osmotic pressure depends on the volume fraction of the suspension $\\phi$, we can determine $\\phi$ from $\\pi$, even at volume fractions so high that the microgel particles are compressed. We find that the width of the fluid-solid phase coexistence, measured using $\\phi$, is larger than its hard-sphere value for the stiffer microgels that we study and progressively decreases for softer microgels. For sufficiently soft microgels, the suspensions are fluid-like, irrespective of volume fraction. By calculating the dependence on $\\phi$ of the mean volume of a microgel particle, we show that the behavior of the phase-coexistence width correlates with whether or not the microgel particles are compressed at the volume fractions corresponding to fluid-solid coexistence.

M. Pelaez-Fernandez; Anton Souslov; L. A. Lyon; Paul M. Goldbart; A. Fernandez-Nieves

2014-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Numerical Simulation on Cooling Effect of Microcapsulated Phase Change Material Suspension in Laminar Thermal Developing Section  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The microcapsulated phase change material (MEPCM) suspension has obtained more and ... concerning MECPM suspension are generally reduced to single-phase models. In this paper, a novel two-phase model is construct...

P. Q. Liu; J. Jin; G. P. Lin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Gas-Phase Synthesis of Singly and Multiply Charged Polyoxovanadate Anions Employing Electrospray Ionization and Collision Induced Dissociation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) combined with in-source fragmentation and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) experiments were used to generate a wide range of multiply charged vanadium oxide cluster anions including VxOyn- and VxOyCln- ions (x = 1 ? 14, y= 2 ? 36, n = 1 ? 3), protonated clusters, and ligand-bound VxOyn- species. These cluster anions were produced by electrospraying a solution of tetradecavanadate, V14O36Cl(L)5 (L= Et4N+, tetraethylammonium), in acetonitrile. Under mild source conditions, ESI-MS generates a distribution of doubly and triply charged VxOyCln- and VxOyCl(L)(n-1)- clusters predominantly containing 14 vanadium atoms. Accurate mass measurement using high-resolution mass spectrometry (m/?m = 60,000 at m/z 410) enabled unambiguous assignment of the elemental composition of the majority of peaks in the ESI-MS spectrum. In addition, high-sensitivity mass spectrometry allowed the charge state of the cluster ions to be assigned based on the separation of the major from the minor isotope of vanadium. In-source fragmentation resulted in facile formation of smaller VxOyCl(1-2)- and VxOy(1-2)- anions. Collision-induced dissociation (CID) experiments enabled systematic study of the gas-phase fragmentation pathways of the cluster anions generated from solution. Surprisingly simple fragmentation patterns were obtained for all singly and doubly charged VxOyCl and VxOy species generated through multiple MS/MS experiments. In contrast, cluster ions originating directly from solution produced comparatively complex CID spectra. These results indicate that low-energy CID results in formation of stable cage-like structures of VxOyCl and VxOy anions. Furthermore, solution-phase synthesis of one precursor cluster combined with gas-phase CID is an efficient approach for the top-down synthesis of a wide range of multiply charged gas-phase metal oxide clusters for subsequent investigations of structure and reactivity.

Al Hasan, Naila M.; Johnson, Grant E.; Laskin, Julia

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Space and phase resolved ion energy and angular distributions in single- and dual-frequency capacitively coupled plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The control of ion energy and angular distributions (IEADs) is critically important for anisotropic etching or deposition in microelectronic fabrication processes. With single frequency capacitively coupled plasmas (CCPs), the narrowing in angle and spread in energy of ions as they cross the sheath are definable functions of frequency, sheath width, and mean free path. With increases in wafer size, single frequency CCPs are finding difficulty in meeting the requirement of simultaneously controlling plasma densities, ion fluxes, and ion energies. Dual-frequency CCPs are being investigated to provide this flexible control. The high frequency (HF) is intended to control the plasma density and ion fluxes, while the ion energies are intended to be controlled by the low frequency (LF). However, recent research has shown that the LF can also influence the magnitude of ion fluxes and that IEADs are determined by both frequencies. Hence, separate control of fluxes and IEADs is complex. In this paper, results from a two-dimensional computational investigation of Ar/O{sub 2} plasma properties in an industrial reactor are discussed. The IEADs are tracked as a function of height above the substrate and phase within the rf cycles from the bulk plasma to the presheath and through the sheath with the goal of providing insights to this complexity. Comparison is made to laser-induced fluorescence experiments. The authors found that the ratios of HF/LF voltage and driving frequency are critical parameters in determining the shape of the IEADs, both during the transit of the ion through the sheath and when ions are incident onto the substrate. To the degree that contributions from the HF can modify plasma density, sheath potential, and sheath thickness, this may provide additional control for the IEADs.

Zhang, Yiting; Kushner, Mark J. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States); Moore, Nathaniel; Pribyl, Patrick; Gekelman, Walter [Department of Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Phase structure of a generalized Nambu Jona-Lasinio model with Wilson fermions in the mean field or large $N$-expansion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the vacuum structure of a generalized lattice Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model with two flavors of Wilson fermions, such that its continuum action is the most general four-fermion action with 'trivial' color interactions, and having a $SU(2)_V x SU(2)_A$ symmetry in the chiral limit. The phase structure of this model in the space of the two four-fermion couplings shows, in addition to the standard Aoki phases, new phases with $ != 0$, in close analogy to similar results recently suggested by some of us for lattice QCD with two degenerate Wilson fermions. This result shows how the phase structure of an effective model for low energy QCD cannot be entirely understood from Wilson Chiral Perturbation Theory, based on the standard QCD chiral effective Lagrangian approach.

V. Azcoiti; G. Di Carlo; E. Follana; M. Giordano; A. Vaquero

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

125

Controlled Vapor Phase Growth of Single Crystalline, Two-Dimensional GaSe Crystals with High Photoresponse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract Compared with their bulk counterparts, atomically thin two-dimensional (2D) crystals exhibit new physical properties, and have the potential to enable next-generation electronic and optoelectronic devices. However, controlled synthesis of large uniform monolayer and multi-layer 2D crystals is still challenging. Here, we report the controlled synthesis of 2D GaSe crystals on SiO2/Si substrates using a vapor phase deposition method. For the first time, uniform, large (up to ~60 m in lateral size), single-crystalline, triangular monolayer GaSe crystals were obtained and their atomic resolution structure were characterized. The size, density, shape, thickness, and uniformity of the 2D GaSe crystals were shown to be controllable by growth duration, growth region, growth temperature, and argon carrier gas flow rate. The theoretical modeling of the electronic structure and Raman spectroscopy demonstrate a direct-to-indirect bandgap transition and progressive confinement-induced bandgap shifts for 2D GaSe crystals. The 2D GaSe crystals show p-type semiconductor characteristics and high photoresponsivity (~1.7 A/W under white light illumination) comparable to exfoliated GaSe nanosheets. These 2D GaSe crystals are potentially useful for next-generation electronic and optoelectronic devices such as photodetectors and field-effect transistors.

Li, Xufan [ORNL; Lin, Ming-Wei [ORNL; Zhang, Huidong [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Puretzky, Alexander A [ORNL; Idrobo Tapia, Juan C [ORNL; Ma, Cheng [ORNL; Chi, Miaofang [ORNL; Yoon, Mina [ORNL; Rouleau, Christopher M [ORNL; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL; Geohegan, David B [ORNL; Xiao, Kai [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Online estimation of wax deposition thickness in single-phase sub-sea pipelines based on acoustic chemometrics: A feasibility study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wax deposition in sub-sea oil producing pipelines is a concern to the oil producing companies. The deposition of wax in pipelines can cause serious economic implications if not monitored and controlled. Several researchers have developed models and investigated the deposition of wax in crude oil pipelines. As of today, there is no off the shelf instrument available for reliable online estimation of the wax deposition thickness in sub-sea pipelines. Acoustic chemometrics was applied to investigate the potential for online estimation of wax deposition thickness in sub-sea pipelines. This feasibility study was carried out as a so called piggy back on experiments performed at Statoil research centre in Porsgrunn, Norway with real crude oil or waxy gas condensate. The first investigations focused on the repeatability of the acoustic chemometric technique followed by online prediction of the wax deposition thickness in a single-phase oil flow pipeline. A partial least squares regression model was calibrated and validated with a totally independent data set. The calibrated model had a root mean squared error of prediction of 0.28mm with a final wax deposition thickness of 3.36mm, a slope of 0.91 and R2 of 0.83 which were satisfactory results. The effect of varying oil flow rates on the wax deposition thickness was also investigated. The preliminary results showed the need for further investigations based on a robust experimental design and sample pre-processing. The general conclusion that can be drawn from this feasibility study was that the potential of adapting the acoustic chemometric technique for online estimation of the wax deposition thickness exist and must be further investigated.

Maths Halstensen; Benjamin Kaku Arvoh; Lene Amundsen; Rainer Hoffmann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Single phase synthesis of ?-brass (Cu5Zn8) nanoparticles by electric arc discharge method and investigation of their orderdisorder transition temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Single phase ?-brass (Cu5Zn8) nanoparticles were synthesized using the electric arc discharge method. The effect of various arc currents and pressures on the size and phase purity of the CuZn alloy was studied. The arc currents of 200, 300 and 400A and chamber pressures of 1, 2 and 3atm of Ar were examined. The samples were characterized using XRD and SEM measurements. The results showed that the spherical nanoparticles of Cu5Zn8 with a mean particle size of 21nm were produced at a pressure of 1atm and an arc current of 300A. Post annealing and quenching of the samples were used to investigate the order disorder phase transformation temperature of Cu5Zn8 in the nanosized form. The XRD analyses showed that the disorder phase starts at 400C and completes at 480C which is different from the bulk brasses.

Mansoor Farbod; Alireza Mohammadian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Single-shot visualization of evolving, light-speed structures by multiobject-plane phase-contrast imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate a single-shot method of visualizing the evolution of light-speed, laser-generated structures as they propagate over hundreds of Rayleigh lengths (typically...

Li, Zhengyan; Pai, Chih-Hao; Chang, Yen-Yu; Zgadzaj, Rafal; Wang, Xiaoming; Downer, M C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

3 - Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Many types of phase diagram sections involving temperature, composition, pressure, chemical potentials, partial pressures, volume and enthalpy as axis variables or constants are described for binary, ternary and multicomponent systems. The theme is the relationship between thermodynamics and phase diagrams. A review of the fundamentals of thermodynamics as required for the interpretation and calculation of phase diagrams is presented. One set of general geometrical rules which governs all types of single-valued phase diagram sections is derived. The computer calculation of phase diagrams from large critically assessed databases of model parameters is discussed.

Arthur D. Pelton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Hamiltonian dynamics in extended phase space for gravity and its consistency with Lagrangian formalism: a generalized spherically symmetric model as an example  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Among theoretical issues in General Relativity the problem of constructing its Hamiltonian formulation is still of interest. The most of attempts to quantize Gravity are based upon Dirac generalization of Hamiltonian dynamics for system with constraints. At the same time there exists another way to formulate Hamiltonian dynamics for constrained systems guided by the idea of extended phase space. We have already considered some features of this approach in the previous MG12 Meeting by the example of a simple isotropic model. Now we apply the approach to a generalized spherically symmetric model which imitates the structure of General Relativity much better. In particular, making use of a global BRST symmetry and the Noether theorem, we construct the BRST charge that generates correct gauge transformations for all gravitational degrees of freedom.

T. P. Shestakova

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

131

Lowering of L10 phase transition temperature of FePt thin films by single shot H+ ion exposure using plasma focus device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

FePt thin films are exposed to pulsed energetic H+ ion beam from plasma focus. In irradiated films, the phase transition from the low Ku disordered face-centered-cubic structure to high Ku ordered face-centered-tetragonal phase was achieved at 400C with the order parameter S ranging from 0.73 to 0.83, high coercivity of about 5356kA/m, high negative nucleation field of about 7700kA/m and high squareness ratio ranging from 0.73 to 0.79. The advantage of using plasma focus device is that it can lower phase transition temperature and significantly enhance the magnetic properties by a pulsed single shot exposure.

Z.Y. Pan; J.J. Lin; T. Zhang; S. Karamat; T.L. Tan; P. Lee; S.V. Springham; R.V. Ramanujan; R.S. Rawat

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Possible phase separation and weak localization in the absence of a charge-density wave in single-phase 1T-VS2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on a systematic study of the structural, magnetic, and transport properties of high-purity 1T-VS2 powder samples prepared under high pressure. The results differ notably from those previously obtained by deintercalating Li from LiVS2. First, no charge-density wave (CDW) is found by transmission electron microscopy down to 94 K, though ab initio phonon calculations unveil a latent CDW instability driven by an acoustic phonon softening at the wave vector qCDW?(0.21,0.21,0) previously reported in deintercalated samples. A further indication of latent lattice instability is given by an anomalous expansion of the V-S bond distance at low temperature. Second, infrared optical absorption and electrical resistivity measurements give evidence of nonmetallic properties, consistent with the observation of no CDW phase. On the other hand, magnetic susceptibility and NMR data suggest the coexistence of localized moments with metallic carriers, in agreement with ab initio band structure calculations. This discrepancy is reconciled by a picture of electron localization induced by disorder or electronic correlations leading to a phase separation of metallic and nonmetallic domains in the nm scale. We conclude that 1T-VS2 is at the verge of a CDW transition and suggest that residual electronic doping in Li deintercalated samples stabilizes a uniform CDW phase with metallic properties.

A. Gauzzi; A. Sellam; G. Rousse; Y. Klein; D. Taverna; P. Giura; M. Calandra; G. Loupias; F. Gozzo; E. Gilioli; F. Bolzoni; G. Allodi; R. De Renzi; G. L. Calestani; P. Roy

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

133

OPTIMIZATION AND DESIGN GUIDELINES FOR HIGH FLUX MICRO-CHANNEL HEAT SINKS FOR LIQUID AND GASEOUS SINGLE-PHASE FLOW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

orders of magnitude, especially for high heat flux devices. Using water and air as coolants, designs with the optimization tool are generalized and optimum configurations are illustrated on design charts. Physical trends

Müller, Norbert

134

Phase 1 RCRA Facility Investigation and Corrective Measures Study Work Plan for Single Shell Tank Waste Management Areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is the master work plan for the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) for single-shell tank (SST) farms at the Hanford Site. Evidence indicates that releases at four of the seven SST waste management areas have impacted.

ROGERS, P.M.

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Contact-mediated cell-assisted cell proliferation in a model eukaryotic single-cell organism: An explanation for the lag phase in shaken cell culture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In cell culture, when cells are inoculated into fresh media, there can be a period of slow (or lag phase) growth followed by a transition to exponential growth. This period of slow growth is usually attributed to the cells adaptation to a new environment. However, we argue that, based on observations of shaken suspension culture of Dictyostelium discoideum, a model single-cell eukaryote, this transition is due to a density effect. Attempts to demonstrate the existence of implicit cell signaling via long-range diffusible messengers (i.e., soluble growth factors) through cell-medium separation and microfluidic flow perturbation experiments produced negative results. This, in turn, led to the development of a signaling model based on direct cell-to-cell contacts. Employing a scaling argument for the collision rate due to fluid shear, we reasonably estimate the crossover density for the transition into the exponential phase and fit the observed growth kinetics.

Carl Franck; Wui Ip; Albert Bae; Nathan Franck; Elijah Bogart; Thanhbinh Thi Le

2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

136

Advances in Reduced-Order Modeling Based on Proper Orthogonal Decomposition for Single and Two-Phase Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dimensions, (x; y; z). R(x;x0) can then be written as: R(x;x0) = 1 M MX i=1 u(x; ti)uT (x0; ti): (2.6) C. General Scheme for Reduced-Order Modeling Based on Proper Or- thogonal Decomposition Reduced-order models utilizing proper orthogonal... dimensions, (x; y; z). R(x;x0) can then be written as: R(x;x0) = 1 M MX i=1 u(x; ti)uT (x0; ti): (2.6) C. General Scheme for Reduced-Order Modeling Based on Proper Or- thogonal Decomposition Reduced-order models utilizing proper orthogonal...

Fontenot, Raymond Lee

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

137

COMMIX-1AR/P: A three-dimensional transient single-phase computer program for thermal hydraulic analysis of single and multicomponent systems. Volume 2, User`s guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The COMMIX-1AR/P computer program is designed for analyzing the steady-state and transient aspects of single-phase fluid flow and heat transfer in three spatial dimensions. This version is an extension of the modeling in COMMIX-1A to include multiple fluids in physically separate regions of the computational domain, modeling descriptions for pumps, radiation heat transfer between surfaces of the solids which are embedded in or surround the fluid, a k-{var_epsilon} model for fluid turbulence, and improved numerical techniques. The porous-medium formulation in COMMIX allows the program to be applied to a wide range of problems involving both simple and complex geometrical arrangements. The input preparation and execution procedures are presented for the COMMIX-1AR/P program and several postprocessor programs which produce graphical displays of the calculated results.

Garner, P.L.; Blomquist, R.N.; Gelbard, E.M.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

COMMIX-1AR/P: A three-dimensional transient single-phase computer program for thermal hydraulic analysis of single and multicomponent systems. Volume 3, Programmer`s guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The COMMIX-LAR/P computer program is designed for analyzing the steady-state and transient aspects of single-phase fluid flow and heat transfer in three spatial dimensions. This version is an extension of the modeling in COMMIX-lA to include multiple fluids in physically separate regions of the computational domain, modeling descriptions for pumps, radiation heat transfer between surfaces of the solids which are embedded in or surround the fluid, a keg model for fluid turbulence, and improved numerical techniques. The porous-medium formulation in COMMIX allows the program to be applied to a wide range of problems involving both simple and complex geometrical arrangements. The internal aspects of the COMMIX-LAR/P program are presented, covering descriptions of subprograms, variables, and files.

Garner, P.L.; Blomquist, R.N.; Gelbard, E.M.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

COBRA-WC: a version of COBRA for single-phase multiassembly thermal hydraulic transient analysis. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to provide the user of the COBRA-WC (Whole Core) code a basic understanding of the code operation and capabilities. Included in this manual are the equations solved and the assumptions made in their derivations, a general description of the code capabilities, an explanation of the numerical algorithms used to solve the equations, and input instructions for using the code. Also, the auxiliary programs GEOM and SPECSET are described and input instructions for each are given. Input for COBRA-WC sample problems and the corresponding output are given in the appendices. The COBRA-WC code has been developed from the COBRA-IV-I code to analyze liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) assembly transients. It was specifically developed to analyze a core flow coastdown to natural circulation cooling.

George, T.L.; Basehore, K.L.; Wheeler, C.L.; Prather, W.A.; Masterson, R.E.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A comparative study of optical absorption and photocatalytic properties of nanocrystalline single-phase anatase and rutile TiO{sub 2} doped with transition metal cations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of nanocrystalline TiO{sub 2} doping with transition metal cations (Cu{sup 2+}, Fe{sup 3+}, Co{sup 2+}, Cr{sup 3+}) on their optical absorption and photocatalytic properties was investigated. The obtained metal-doped TiO{sub 2} samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy. It is shown that doping effect on anatase (A) and rutile (R) properties is quite different, being much stronger and complicated on A than on R. Contrary to doped R, doped A revealed a significant red shift of the absorption edge along with the band gap narrowing. Photocatalytic activity of anatase increases upon doping in the order: AR/Co>R/Cu>R/Fe>R/Cr, indicating the inhibitory effect of impurity cations. This fact correlates with the decrease in the UV absorption of the doped rutile in the region of the Hg-lamp irradiation at 4.88 eV. - Graphical abstract: A red shift of the absorption edge of nanocrystalline single-phase anatase after doping with transition metal cations. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Single-phase anatase and rutile powders surface-doped with transition metal cations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Absorption edge and band gap of rutile do not change with surface doping. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Band gap of surface-doped anatase reduces being the lowest for A/Fe. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The surface-doping improves photocatalytic activity of anatase. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The surface-doping inhibits photocatalytic activity of rutile.

Kernazhitsky, L., E-mail: kern@iop.kiev.ua [Department of Photoactivity, Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Prospect Nauki 46, Kiev 03650 (Ukraine); Shymanovska, V.; Gavrilko, T.; Naumov, V. [Department of Photoactivity, Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Prospect Nauki 46, Kiev 03650 (Ukraine)] [Department of Photoactivity, Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Prospect Nauki 46, Kiev 03650 (Ukraine); Kshnyakin, V. [Department of Physics, Sumy State University, Rymsky-Korsakov Str. 2, Sumy 40007 (Ukraine)] [Department of Physics, Sumy State University, Rymsky-Korsakov Str. 2, Sumy 40007 (Ukraine); Khalyavka, T. [Laboratory of Photochemistry of Disperse Materials, Institute for Sorption and Problems of Endoecology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Gen. Naumov Str. 13, Kiev 03164 (Ukraine)] [Laboratory of Photochemistry of Disperse Materials, Institute for Sorption and Problems of Endoecology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Gen. Naumov Str. 13, Kiev 03164 (Ukraine)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Results of Phase I groundwater quality assessment for single-shell tank waste management areas T and TX-TY at the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted a Phase I, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) groundwater quality assessment for the Richland Field Office of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE-RL) under the requirements of the Federal Facility Compliance Agreement. The purpose of the investigation was to determine if the Single-Shell Tank Waste Management Areas (WMAs) T and TX-TY have impacted groundwater quality. Waste Management Areas T and TX-TY, located in the northern part of the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site, contain the 241-T, 241-TX, and 241-TY tank farms and ancillary waste systems. These two units are regulated under RCRA interim-status regulations (under 40 CFR 265.93) and were placed in assessment groundwater monitoring because of elevated specific conductance in downgradient wells. Anomalous concentrations of technetium-99, chromium, nitrate, iodine-129, and cobalt-60 also were observed in some downgradient wells. Phase I assessment, allowed under 40 CFR 265, provides the owner-operator of a facility with the opportunity to show that the observed contamination has a source other than the regulated unit. For this Phase I assessment, PNNL evaluated available information on groundwater chemistry and past waste management practices in the vicinity of WMAs T and TX-TY. Background contaminant concentrations in the vicinity of WMAs T and TX-TY are the result of several overlapping contaminant plumes resulting from past-practice waste disposal operations. This background has been used as baseline for determining potential WMA impacts on groundwater.

Hodges, F.N.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Research on high-efficiency, single-junction, monolithic, thin-film amorphous silicon solar cells: Phase II annual subcontract report, 1 January 1985--31 January 1986  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents results of the second phase of research on high-efficiency, single-junction, monolithic, thin-film a-Si solar cells. Five glow-discharge deposition systems, including a new in-line, multichamber system, were used to grow both doped and undoped a-Si:H. A large number of silane and disilane gas cylinders were analyzed with a gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy system. Strong correlations were found between the breakdown voltage, the deposition rate, the diffusion length, and the conversion efficiency for varying cathode-anode separations in a DC glow-discharge deposition mode. Tin oxide films were grown by chemical vapor deposition with either tetramethyl tin (TMT) or tin tetrachloride (TTC). The best were grown with TMT, but TTC films had a more controlled texture for light trapping and provided a better contact to the p-layer. The best results were obtained with 7059 glass substrates. Efficiencies as high as 10.86% were obtained in p-i-n cells with superlattice p-layers and as high as 10.74% in cells with both superlattice p- and n-layers. Measurements showed that the boron-doping level in the p-layer can strongly affect transport in the i-layer, which can be minimized by reactive flushing before i-layer deposition. Stability of a-Si:H cells is improved by light doping. 51 refs., 64 figs., 21 tabs.

Carlson, D.E.; Ayra, R.R.; Bennett, M.S.; Catalano, A.; D'Aiello, R.V.; Dickson, C.R.; McVeigh, J.; Newton, J.; O'Dowd, J.; Oswald, R.S.; Rajan, K.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Advanced Power Electronic Interfaces for Distributed Energy Systems, Part 2: Modeling, Development, and Experimental Evaluation of Advanced Control Functions for Single-Phase Utility-Connected Inverter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Integrating renewable energy and distributed generations into the Smart Grid architecture requires power electronic (PE) for energy conversion. The key to reaching successful Smart Grid implementation is to develop interoperable, intelligent, and advanced PE technology that improves and accelerates the use of distributed energy resource systems. This report describes the simulation, design, and testing of a single-phase DC-to-AC inverter developed to operate in both islanded and utility-connected mode. It provides results on both the simulations and the experiments conducted, demonstrating the ability of the inverter to provide advanced control functions such as power flow and VAR/voltage regulation. This report also analyzes two different techniques used for digital signal processor (DSP) code generation. Initially, the DSP code was written in C programming language using Texas Instrument's Code Composer Studio. In a later stage of the research, the Simulink DSP toolbox was used to self-generate code for the DSP. The successful tests using Simulink self-generated DSP codes show promise for fast prototyping of PE controls.

Chakraborty, S.; Kroposki, B.; Kramer, W.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Coherent Perfect Absorption of Single Photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the question of coherent perfect absorption (CPA) of single photons, and more generally, of the quantum fields. We show the CPA of path entangled single photons in a Fabry-Perot interferometer containing an absorptive medium. The frequency of perfect absorption can be controlled by changing the interferometer parameters like the reflectivity and the complex dielectric constant of the material. We exhibit similar results for path entangled photons in micro-ring resonators. For entangled fields like the ones produced by a down converter the CPA aspect is evident in phase sensitive detection schemes such as in measurements of the squeezing spectrum.

Huang, Sumei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Porosity, single-phase permeability, and capillary pressure data from preliminary laboratory experiments on selected samples from Marker Bed 139 at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Volume 1 of 3: Main report, appendix A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three groups of core samples from Marker Bed 139 of the Salado Formation at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) were analyzed to provide data to support the development of numerical models used to predict the long-term hydrologic and structural response of the WIPP repository. These laboratory experiments, part of the FY93 Experimental Scoping Activities of the Salado Two-Phase Flow Laboratory Program, were designed to (1) generate WIPP-specific porosity and single-phase permeability data, (2) provide information needed to design and implement planned tests to measure two-phase flow properties, including threshold pressure, capillary pressure, and relative permeability, and (3) evaluate the suitability of using analog correlations for the Salado Formation to assess the long-term performance of the WIPP. This report contains a description of the boreholes core samples, the core preparation techniques used, sample sizes, testing procedures, test conditions, and results of porosity and single-phase permeability tests performed at three laboratories: TerraTek, Inc. (Salt Lake City, UT), RE/SPEC, Inc. (Rapid City, SD), and Core Laboratories-Special Core Analysis Laboratory (Carrollton, TX) for Rock Physics Associates. In addition, this report contains the only WIPP-specific two-phase-flow capillary-pressure data for twelve core samples. The WIPP-specific data generated in this laboratory study and in WIPP field-test programs and information from suitable analogs will form the basis for specification of single- and two-phase flow parameters for anhydrite markers beds for WIPP performance assessment calculations.

Howarth, S.M.; Christian-Frear, T.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Simultaneous Suppression of Third-Order Dispersion and Sideband Instability in Single-Channel Optical Fiber Transmission by Midway Optical Phase Conjugation Employing Higher Order Dispersion Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In optical phase conjugation (OPC) systems, the third-order dispersion (TOD) of optical fibers and the nonlinear resonance at well-defined signal sideband frequencies called sideband...

Kaewplung, Pasu; Angkaew, Tuptim; Kikuchi, Kazuro

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

General Education GENERAL EDUCATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the pursuit of truth, the intellectual and ethical development of students, and the general well the consequences of human actions. E. Cross-Cultural Awareness Demonstrate the ability to critically compare

Stuart, Steven J.

148

A Phase 1 Escalating Single-Dose and Weekly Fixed-Dose Study of Cetuximab: Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Rationale for Dosing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the Institutional Review Boards at the participating...institutions. Treatment plan This phase 1 pharmacokinetic...independent methods. Standard histologic analysis...level to ease data mining, data analysis...for their critical review of the manuscript...

Paula M. Fracasso; Howard Burris III; Matthew A. Arquette; Ramaswamy Govindan; Feng Gao; Lisa P. Wright; Sherry A. Goodner; F. Anthony Greco; Suzanne F. Jones; Noel Willcut; Catherine Chodkiewicz; Amit Pathak; Gregory M. Springett; George R. Simon; Daniel M. Sullivan; Raphal Marcelpoil; Shelley D. Mayfield; David Mauro; and Christopher R. Garrett

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

NMR relaxation study of the phase transitions and relaxation mechanisms of the alums MCr(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O (M=Rb and Cs) single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physical properties and phase transition mechanisms of MCr(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O (M=Rb and Cs) single crystals have been investigated. The phase transition temperatures, NMR spectra, and the spin-lattice relaxation times T{sub 1} of the {sup 87}Rb and {sup 133}Cs nuclei in the two crystals were determined using DSC and FT NMR spectroscopy. The resonance lines and relaxation times of the {sup 87}Rb and {sup 133}Cs nuclei undergo significant changes at the phase transition temperatures. The sudden changes in the splitting of the Rb and Cs resonance lines are attributed to changes in the local symmetry of their sites, and the changes in the temperature dependences of T{sub 1} are related to variations in the symmetry of the octahedra of water molecules surrounding Rb{sup +} and Cs{sup +}. We also compared these {sup 87}Rb and {sup 133}Cs NMR results with those obtained for the trivalent cations Cr and Al in MCr(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O and MAl(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O crystals. - Graphical Abstract: The physical properties and phase transition mechanisms of MCr(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O (M=Rb, Cs, and NH{sub 4}) single crystals have been investigated. Highlights: > The physical properties and phase transition mechanisms of MCr(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O (M=Rb and Cs) crystals {yields} The NMR spectra and the spin-lattice relaxation times T{sub 1} of the {sup 87}Rb and {sup 133}Cs nuclei in the two crystals {yields} The variations in the symmetry of the octahedra of water molecules surrounding Rb{sup +} and Cs{sup +}.

Lim, Ae Ran, E-mail: aeranlim@hanmail.net [Department of Science Education, Jeonju University, Jeonju 560-759 (Korea, Republic of); Paik, Younkee [Solid State Analysis Team, Korea Basic Science Institute, Daegu 702-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Kye-Young [Department of Energy and Electrical Engineering, Korea Polytechnic University, Siheung 429-793 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

Universal and phase-covariant superbroadcasting for mixed qubit states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a general framework to study covariant symmetric broadcasting maps for mixed qubit states. We explicitly derive the optimal N{yields}M superbroadcasting maps, achieving optimal purification of the single-site output copy, in both the universal and phase-covariant cases. We also study the bipartite entanglement properties of the superbroadcast states.

Buscemi, Francesco; D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro; Macchiavello, Chiara; Perinotti, Paolo [QUIT Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', Universita di Pavia, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Coherent perfect absorption of path entangled single photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the question of coherent perfect absorption (CPA) of single photons, and more generally, of the quantum fields by a {\\it macroscopic} medium. We show the CPA of path entangled single photons in a Fabry-Perot interferometer containing an absorptive medium. The frequency of perfect absorption can be controlled by changing the interferometer parameters like the reflectivity and the complex dielectric constant of the material. We exhibit similar results for path entangled photons in micro-ring resonators. For entangled fields like the ones produced by a down converter the CPA aspect is evident in phase sensitive detection schemes such as in measurements of the squeezing spectrum.

Sumei Huang; G. S. Agarwal

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

152

Single-crystal studies of the Chevrel-phase superconductor La{sub x}Mo{sub 6}Se{sub 8}. 2: Physical and superconducting properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single crystals of La{sub x}Mo{sub 6}Se{sub 8} have been grown and some of their magnetic, transport, and superconducting properties studied. The electrical resistivity is characterized by its high value at room temperature, its low residual resistivity ratio, and a pronounced negative curvature at high temperatures. Comparison with the isostructural compounds Mo{sub 3}Se{sub 4} (Mo{sub 6}Se{sub 8}) and LaMo{sub 6}S{sub 8} shows that this behavior is due to structural as well as to extrinsic features (e.g., brittleness due to weak intercluster bondings). The position of the Fermi level near a peak of the density of states plays an important role in the normal-state physical properties, fixing the functional forms of both resistivity and magnetic susceptibility. The superconducting state is mainly characterized by a strong lanthanum concentration dependence of the critical temperature {Tc}, by quite definite granular effects, and by a very high critical field (H{sub c2}(0) {approximately} 55 T). The intragrain critical current density, as estimated by magnetic measurements, is relatively high (4 {times} 10{sup 4} A/cm{sup 2} at zero field and 1.7 K), three times larger than the one obtained for the void compound Mo{sub 3}Se{sub 4}. The fact is due to a higher density of pinning centers in the ternary compound because of microstructural features such as microcracks or crystal defects caused by the extreme brittleness of the crystals.

Pena, O.; Le Berre, F.; Padiou, J.; Marchand, T. [Univ. de Rennes I (France). Chimie du Solide et Inorganique Moleculaire] [Univ. de Rennes I (France). Chimie du Solide et Inorganique Moleculaire; Horyn, R.; Wojakowski, A. [Polish Academy of Sciences, Wroclaw (Poland). Inst. of Low Temperature and Structure Research] [Polish Academy of Sciences, Wroclaw (Poland). Inst. of Low Temperature and Structure Research

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Toward single-cycle optical pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single-cycle optical pulses, the never-before-achieved regime, have a great potential for attosecond science and phase-sensitive nonlinear optics. To achieve single-cycle optical pulses by active synchronization, three ...

Kim, Jung-Won, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor Print Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor Print Superconductivity-conceptually remarkable and practically revolutionary-is a quantum phenomenon in which bound electron pairs flow through a material in perfect synchrony, without friction. Conventional superconducting materials reach this state via a single thermal phase transition at a critical temperature (Tc). It was generally believed that such a picture also applied to the copper oxide (cuprate) superconductors-first discovered 25 years ago and the current record holders for highest Tc. However, three groups of researchers who performed measurements on the same cuprate material recently joined forces to prove that this view is inaccurate. Their work showed that another phase transition actually exists at a higher temperature in the cuprate phase diagram, below which electrons, instead of pairing up, organize themselves in a drastically different way.

155

Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor Print Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor Print Superconductivity-conceptually remarkable and practically revolutionary-is a quantum phenomenon in which bound electron pairs flow through a material in perfect synchrony, without friction. Conventional superconducting materials reach this state via a single thermal phase transition at a critical temperature (Tc). It was generally believed that such a picture also applied to the copper oxide (cuprate) superconductors-first discovered 25 years ago and the current record holders for highest Tc. However, three groups of researchers who performed measurements on the same cuprate material recently joined forces to prove that this view is inaccurate. Their work showed that another phase transition actually exists at a higher temperature in the cuprate phase diagram, below which electrons, instead of pairing up, organize themselves in a drastically different way.

156

Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor Print Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor Print Superconductivity-conceptually remarkable and practically revolutionary-is a quantum phenomenon in which bound electron pairs flow through a material in perfect synchrony, without friction. Conventional superconducting materials reach this state via a single thermal phase transition at a critical temperature (Tc). It was generally believed that such a picture also applied to the copper oxide (cuprate) superconductors-first discovered 25 years ago and the current record holders for highest Tc. However, three groups of researchers who performed measurements on the same cuprate material recently joined forces to prove that this view is inaccurate. Their work showed that another phase transition actually exists at a higher temperature in the cuprate phase diagram, below which electrons, instead of pairing up, organize themselves in a drastically different way.

157

Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor Print Two Phase Transitions Make a High-Temperature Superconductor Print Superconductivity-conceptually remarkable and practically revolutionary-is a quantum phenomenon in which bound electron pairs flow through a material in perfect synchrony, without friction. Conventional superconducting materials reach this state via a single thermal phase transition at a critical temperature (Tc). It was generally believed that such a picture also applied to the copper oxide (cuprate) superconductors-first discovered 25 years ago and the current record holders for highest Tc. However, three groups of researchers who performed measurements on the same cuprate material recently joined forces to prove that this view is inaccurate. Their work showed that another phase transition actually exists at a higher temperature in the cuprate phase diagram, below which electrons, instead of pairing up, organize themselves in a drastically different way.

158

General Engineers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

General Engineers General Engineers The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) within the Department of Energy has forged a world-class information program that stresses quality, teamwork, and employee growth. In support of our program, we offer a variety of profes- sional positions, including the General Engineer, whose work is associated with analytical studies and evaluation projects pertaining to the operations of the energy industry. Responsibilities: General Engineers perform or participate in one or more of the following important functions: * Design modeling systems to represent energy markets and the physical properties of energy industries * Conceive, initiate, monitor and/or conduct planning and evaluation projects and studies of continuing and future

159

General Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... principally in the Journal of the Franklin Institute. These ideas relate to a study of thermodynamics from what the author calls a generalized point of view, which concerns itself with ... from what the author calls a generalized point of view, which concerns itself with the thermodynamics of metastable states and irreversible processes as wall as with the stable states and reversible ...

R. W. HAYWOOD

1956-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

160

Single spin asymmetries in QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of single transverse spin asymmetries in high energy inclusive processes have always shown unexpected and challenging results. Several cases are considered and discussed within a QCD approach which couples perturbative dynamics to new non perturbative partonic information; the aim is that of developing a consistent phenomenological description of these unusual single spin phenomena, based on a generalized QCD factorization scheme.

Mauro Anselmino

2002-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Implementation of optimal phase-covariant cloning machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The optimal phase covariant cloning machine (PQCM) broadcasts the information associated to an input qubit into a multi-qubit systems, exploiting a partial a-priori knowledge of the input state. This additional a priori information leads to a higher fidelity than for the universal cloning. The present article first analyzes different experimental schemes to implement the 1->3 PQCM. The method is then generalized to any 1->M machine for odd value of M by a theoretical approach based on the general angular momentum formalism. Finally different experimental schemes based either on linear or non-linear methods and valid for single photon polarization encoded qubits are discussed.

Fabio Sciarrino; Francesco De Martini

2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

162

General Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ASD General Information ASD General Information APS Resources & Information A list of useful links for APS staff and users. APS Technical Publications Links to APS technical publications. APS Publications Database The official and comprehensive source of references for APS-related journal articles, conference papers, book chapters, dissertations, abstracts, awards, invited talks, etc. Image Library A collection of APS images. Responsibilities & Interfaces for APS Technical Systems Descriptions of the responsibilities of APS technical groups and how they interface with one another. APS Procedures Operational procedures for the APS. APS Specifications Specifications and approvals for upgrades or changes to existing APS hardware and software. APS Radiation Safety Policy & Procedures Committee Minutes

163

Diffraction Phase Cytometry: blood on a CD-ROM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate Diffraction Phase Cytometry (DPC) as a single shot, full-field, high throughput quantitative phase imaging modality, dedicated to analyzing whole blood smears. Utilizing...

Mir, Mustafa; Wang, Zhuo; Tangella, Krishnarao; Popescu, Gabriel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Temperature-induced and electric-field-induced phase transitions in rhombohedral Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3?Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3?PbTiO3 ternary single crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temperature and electric field effects on rhombohedral (R) ternary Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3?Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3?PbTiO3 (PIN-PMN-PT) ferroelectric single crystals were comprehensively studied by x-ray diffraction. We have focused on how the individual phase transitions as well as the phase transition sequences depend on thermal and electrical history. Electric field-temperature phase diagrams have been constructed under [001] field-cooling and field-heating conditions. As happens to the R phase of binary PMN-PT crystals [H. Cao, J. F. Li, D. Viehland, and G. Y. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 73, 184110 (2006)], the R phase of the zero-field-cooled (ZFC) state is replaced by a monoclinic A (M) phase in the field-cooled (FC) diagram. In particular, reciprocal-space mesh scans demonstrated that the M phase was stable for crystals poled along the [001] crystallographic direction rather than the initial R phase of the ZFC state. Furthermore, an E-field-induced phase transformational sequence of R?M? tetragonal (T) was observed at constant temperature, revealing a gradual increase in the c lattice parameter. These findings demonstrate that the ternary PIN-PMN-PT crystals exhibit common phase transition features with binary PMN-PT and Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3?PbTiO3 (PZN-PT) ones for compositions in the low PT side of the morphotropic phase boundary.

Yaojin Wang (???); Zhiguang Wang; Wenwei Ge; Chengtao Luo; Jiefang Li; D. Viehland; Jianwei Chen; Haosu Luo

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

165

Single-Photon Spectroscopy of a Single Molecule  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient interaction of light and matter at the ultimate limit of single photons and single emitters is of great interest from a fundamental point of view and for emerging applications in quantum engineering. However, the difficulty of generating single-photon streams with specific wavelengths, bandwidths, and power as well as the weak interaction probability of a single photon with an optical emitter pose a formidable challenge toward this goal. Here, we demonstrate a general approach based on the creation of single photons from a single emitter and their use for performing spectroscopy on a second emitter situated at a distance. While this first proof of principle realization uses organic molecules as emitters, the scheme is readily extendable to quantum dots and color centers. Our work ushers in a new line of experiments that provide access to the coherent and nonlinear couplings of few emitters and few propagating photons.

Y. L. A. Rezus; S. G. Walt; R. Lettow; A. Renn; G. Zumofen; S. Gtzinger; V. Sandoghdar

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

166

Common non-Fermi liquid phases in quantum impurity physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study correlated quantum impurity models that undergo a local quantum phase transition (QPT) from a strong coupling, Fermi liquid phase to a non-Fermi liquid phase with a globally doubly degenerate ground state. Our aim is to establish what can be shown exactly about such local moment (LM) phases, of which the permanent (zero-field) local magnetization is a hallmark, and an order parameter for the QPT. A description of the zero-field LM phase is shown to require two distinct self-energies, which reflect the broken symmetry nature of the phase and together determine the single self-energy of standard field theory. Distinct Friedel sum rules for each phase are obtained, via a Luttinger theorem embodied in the vanishing of appropriate Luttinger integrals. By contrast, the standard Luttinger integral is nonzero in the LM phase but found to have universal magnitude. A range of spin susceptibilites are also considered, including that corresponding to the local order parameter, whose exact form is shown to be RPA-like, and to diverge as the QPT is approached. Particular attention is given to the pseudogap Anderson model, including the basic physical picture of the transition, the low-energy behavior of single-particle dynamics, the quantum critical point itself, and the rather subtle effect of an applied local field. A two-level impurity model that undergoes a QPT (singlet-triplet) to an underscreened LM phase is also considered, for which we derive on general grounds some key results for the zero-bias conductance in both phases.

David E. Logan; Adam P. Tucker; Martin R. Galpin

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

167

Phase five  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Phase five Phase five 1663 Los Alamos science and technology magazine Latest Issue:November 2013 All Issues » submit Phase five Los Alamos physicists have conclusively demonstrated the existence of a new phase of matter. November 25, 2013 Phase five Scientists still have more to learn about the exotic physics of specialty materials. What makes the cuprates special? How about a new phase of matter. Ceramic metals known as cuprates have mystified physicists for decades. They exhibit a variety of distinct phases of matter, each with its own specific properties, including a phase bearing an exotic type of magnetism, a high-temperature superconducting phase, an ordinary metal phase, a poorly understood and weird metallic phase simply called a strange metal, and an equally poorly understood metallic phase known as the pseudogap. The

168

Inspector General  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of the Under Secretary for Nuclear Security Edward B. Held (Acting) Under Secretary for Nuclear Security DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of the Under Secretary for Management & Performance Vacant Under Secretary for Management and Performance Office of the Under Secretary for Science & Energy Vacant Under Secretary for Science and Energy Southwestern Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration U.S. Energy Information Administration Loan Programs Office Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy General Counsel Assistant Secretary for Congressional & Intergovernmental Affairs Chief Human Capital Officer

169

PHONON DISPERSION CURVES OF ORDERED PHASES OF T.B.B.A. Abstract. --The lattice dynamics of a deuterated single crystal of T.B.B.A. have been measured  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a deuterated single crystal of T.B.B.A. have been measured by mean of inelastic neutron scattering of the molecules. Previous neutron inelastic scattering measurements have been done on non-deuterated single of a melting of the terminal aliphatic chains. So neutron coherent inelastic scattering measure- ments have

Boyer, Edmond

170

General Category  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electrical Transmission and Grounding Electrical Transmission and Grounding Name: Jose Status: educator Grade: 12+ Country: Portuga Date: Spring 2012 Question/Answers: Q. I have the following electric Power grid questions: Before getting to your questions, let's take a quick look at of some of the concepts we have to deal with. Transmission of electricity from a generator to a location near your home is usually accomplished using potentials of hundreds of thousands of volts. For a variety of reasons the use of high voltage is more economical, but it means that the voltage must be reduced before it's connected to your house. That's done with a transformer. A very versatile means of connecting electric power to a house involves the connection of two power phases, each of which are 120Vac. Since the power to your house has to come through a transformer anyway, a good way to get the other needed connection, neutral, is to use a transformer with an

171

SINGLE CRYSTAL NEUTRON DIFFRACTION.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-crystal neutron diffraction measures the elastic Bragg reflection intensities from crystals of a material, the structure of which is the subject of investigation. A single crystal is placed in a beam of neutrons produced at a nuclear reactor or at a proton accelerator-based spallation source. Single-crystal diffraction measurements are commonly made at thermal neutron beam energies, which correspond to neutron wavelengths in the neighborhood of 1 Angstrom. For high-resolution studies requiring shorter wavelengths (ca. 0.3-0.8 Angstroms), a pulsed spallation source or a high-temperature moderator (a ''hot source'') at a reactor may be used. When complex structures with large unit-cell repeats are under investigation, as is the case in structural biology, a cryogenic-temperature moderator (a ''cold source'') may be employed to obtain longer neutron wavelengths (ca. 4-10 Angstroms). A single-crystal neutron diffraction analysis will determine the crystal structure of the material, typically including its unit cell and space group, the positions of the atomic nuclei and their mean-square displacements, and relevant site occupancies. Because the neutron possesses a magnetic moment, the magnetic structure of the material can be determined as well, from the magnetic contribution to the Bragg intensities. This latter aspect falls beyond the scope of the present unit; for information on magnetic scattering of neutrons see Unit 14.3. Instruments for single-crystal diffraction (single-crystal diffractometers or SCDs) are generally available at the major neutron scattering center facilities. Beam time on many of these instruments is available through a proposal mechanism. A listing of neutron SCD instruments and their corresponding facility contacts is included in an appendix accompanying this unit.

KOETZLE,T.F.

2001-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

172

General Category  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sunrise and Sunset Visual Differences Sunrise and Sunset Visual Differences Name: Joey Status: other Grade: other Country: Canada Date: Spring 2012 Question: It seems that sunrise and sunset don't look symmetric. I mean that sunsets tend to have much redder skies and sunrise is usually a bit gloomier. If you see a picture, many times you can tell if its sunrise or sunset, even though I would think they should like identical, except that the sun is either going up or going down. Why do they not appear the same but in reverse? Replies: Funny you should ask as a paper just arrived which is sure to have the answer and I will read it now....... OK, the morning sky, and the sky in general, is blue due to Rayleigh scattering [which affects short wavelengths the most] of the sun light by air molecules and other microscopic particles.

173

General Category  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Banana and Human Genetics Banana and Human Genetics Name: Robert Status: other Grade: n/a Location: Outside U.S. Country: Australia Date: Spring 2012 Question: We share 50% of the genes with a banana so that means we share a common ancestor with a banana? Replies: That is exactly what it means. That common ancestor was probably a single-celled thing quite a long time ago. Richard E. Barrans Jr., Ph.D., M.Ed. Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Wyoming http://genecuisine.blogspot.com/2011/03/human-dna-similarities-to-chimps-and.html -- Yes. That's what it means. Tim Mooney Indeed we do share a very distant common ancestor with the banana. Plants are descended from a primitive form of algae that diverged from other eukaryotic organisms approximately 1.5 billion years ago (or 1500 millioni years ago). Since both humans and plants are eukaryotic (meaning they have cellular organelles), humans are much more closely related to plants than to bacteria, though all share a common ancestor. Isn't it remarkable that with fundamentally the same building blocks life has created so much diversity?

174

Germination of Single Bacterial Spores  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...i--: - 1.-- I tI - I -- VOL.98,1969SINGLE-SPORE GERMINATION 11 I- il4 ZIM ............. NPR w dFIG. 3. Time-lapse phase-contrast micrographs of a germinating spore of B. cereus T. Each frame represents the change in...

Tadayo Hashimoto; W. R. Frieben; S. F. Conti

1969-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Testing general relativity with gravitational waves: a reality check  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The observations of gravitational-wave signals from astrophysical sources such as binary inspirals will be used to test General Relativity for self consistency and against alternative theories of gravity. I describe a simple formula that can be used to characterize the prospects of such tests, by estimating the matched-filtering signal-to-noise ratio required to detect non-General-Relativistic corrections of a given magnitude. The formula is valid for sufficiently strong signals; it requires the computation of a single number, the fitting factor between the General-Relativistic and corrected waveform families; and it can be applied to all tests that embed General Relativity in a larger theory, including tests of individual theories such as Brans-Dicke gravity, as well as the phenomenological schemes that introduce corrections and extra terms in the post-Newtonian phasing expressions of inspiral waveforms. The formula suggests that the volume-limited gravitational-wave searches performed with second-generation ground-based detectors would detect alternative-gravity corrections to General-Relativistic waveforms no smaller than 1-10% (corresponding to fitting factors of 0.9 to 0.99).

Michele Vallisneri

2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

176

Single-molecule orientation measurements with a quadrated pupil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This Letter presents a means of measuring the dipole orientation of a fluorescent, orientationally fixed single molecule, which uses a specially designed phase mask, termed a...

Backer, Adam S; Backlund, Mikael P; Lew, Matthew D; Moerner, W E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

phase coherence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The state in which two signals, such as electronic or optical signals, maintain (a) a fixed phase relationship with each other or (b) a fixed phase relationship with a third signal that can serve as a referenc...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Phase behavior of polymers and monomers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

perspective. Objective The objective of this study is to investigate the phase behavior of monomer- solvent and copolymer-solvent mixtures at elevated pressures. Supercritical ethylene will be the solvent used throughout the experiment to simulate... phase region within the reactor. The transition of the polymers from a single phase solution in the ethylene supercritical fluid solvent into two phases is referred to as the "cloud point. " Phase diagrams produced from the pressure and temperature...

Purifoy, Jonathan Patrick

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Heralded single photon absorption by a single atom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emission and absorption of single photons by single atomic particles is a fundamental limit of matter-light interaction, manifesting its quantum mechanical nature. At the same time, as a controlled process it is a key enabling tool for quantum technologies, such as quantum optical information technology [1, 2] and quantum metrology [3, 4, 5, 6]. Controlling both emission and absorption will allow implementing quantum networking scenarios [1, 7, 8, 9], where photonic communication of quantum information is interfaced with its local processing in atoms. In studies of single-photon emission, recent progress includes control of the shape, bandwidth, frequency, and polarization of single-photon sources [10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17], and the demonstration of atom-photon entanglement [18, 19, 20]. Controlled absorption of a single photon by a single atom is much less investigated; proposals exist but only very preliminary steps have been taken experimentally such as detecting the attenuation and phase shift of a weak laser beam by a single atom [21, 22], and designing an optical system that covers a large fraction of the full solid angle [23, 24, 25]. Here we report the interaction of single heralded photons with a single trapped atom. We find strong correlations of the detection of a heralding photon with a change in the quantum state of the atom marking absorption of the quantum-correlated heralded photon. In coupling a single absorber with a quantum light source, our experiment demonstrates previously unexplored matter-light interaction, while opening up new avenues towards photon-atom entanglement conversion in quantum technology.

Nicolas Piro; Felix Rohde; Carsten Schuck; Marc Almendros; Jan Huwer; Joyee Ghosh; Albrecht Haase; Markus Hennrich; Francois Dubin; Jrgen Eschner

2010-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

180

Roles of chemically inequivalent N(CH3)4 ions in phase transition temperatures in [N(CH3)4]2CoCl4 by single-crystal NMR and MAS NMR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The temperature dependences of the 1H and 13C spinlattice relaxation time in the laboratory frame, T1, and in the rotating frame, T1?, in [N(CH3)4]2CoCl4 were measured by static nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR. In the ferroelastic phase, 1H T1? underwent molecular motion according to the BloembergenPurcellPound theory. Two inequivalent ions, a-N(CH3)4 and b-N(CH3)4, were identified by 13C cross polarization (CP)/MAS NMR. On the basis of the 13C NMR results, the existence of two chemically inequivalent a-N(CH3)4 and b-N(CH3)4 ions in the ferroelectric phase and the existence of the ferroelastic twin structure of the N(CH3)4 ions in the ferroelastic phase were discussed.

Ae Ran Lim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A real two-phase submarine debris flow and tsunami  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The general two-phase debris flow model proposed by Pudasaini is employed to study subaerial and submarine debris flows, and the tsunami generated by the debris impact at lakes and oceans. The model, which includes three fundamentally new and dominant physical aspects such as enhanced viscous stress, virtual mass, and generalized drag (in addition to buoyancy), constitutes the most generalized two-phase flow model to date. The advantage of this two-phase debris flow model over classical single-phase, or quasi-two-phase models, is that the initial mass can be divided into several parts by appropriately considering the solid volume fraction. These parts include a dry (landslide or rock slide), a fluid (water or muddy water; e.g., dams, rivers), and a general debris mixture material as needed in real flow simulations. This innovative formulation provides an opportunity, within a single framework, to simultaneously simulate the sliding debris (or landslide), the water lake or ocean, the debris impact at the lake or ocean, the tsunami generation and propagation, the mixing and separation between the solid and fluid phases, and the sediment transport and deposition process in the bathymetric surface. Applications of this model include (a) sediment transport on hill slopes, river streams, hydraulic channels (e.g., hydropower dams and plants); lakes, fjords, coastal lines, and aquatic ecology; and (b) submarine debris impact and the rupture of fiber optic, submarine cables and pipelines along the ocean floor, and damage to offshore drilling platforms. Numerical simulations reveal that the dynamics of debris impact induced tsunamis in mountain lakes or oceans are fundamentally different than the tsunami generated by pure rock avalanches and landslides. The analysis includes the generation, amplification and propagation of super tsunami waves and run-ups along coastlines, debris slide and deposition at the bottom floor, and debris shock waves. It is observed that the submarine debris speed can be faster than the tsunami speed. This information can be useful for early warning strategies in the coastal regions. These findings substantially increase our understanding of complex multi-phase systems and multi-physics and flows, and allows for the proper modeling of landslide and debris induced tsunami, the dynamics of turbidity currents and sediment transport, and the associated applications to hazard mitigation, geomorphology and sedimentology.

Pudasaini, Shiva P.; Miller, Stephen A. [Department of Geodynamics and Geophysics, Steinmann Institute, University of Bonn Nussallee 8, D-53115, Bonn (Germany)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

182

Microcellular foams via phase separation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of wide variety of processes for making plastic foams shows that phase separation processes for polymers from solutions offers the most viable methods for obtaining rigid plastic foams which met the physical requirements for fusion target designs. Four general phase separation methods have been shown to give polymer foams with densities less than 0.1 g/cm/sup 3/ and cell sizes of 30..mu..m or less. These methods involve the utilization of non-solvent, chemical or thermal cooling processes to achieve a controlled phase separation wherein either two distinct phases are obtained where the polymer phase is a continuous phase or two bicontinuous phases are obtained where both the polymer and solvent are interpenetrating, continuous, labyrinthine phases. Subsequent removal of the solvent gives the final foam structure.

Young, A.T.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Single-Use Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single-use recycling is specially used oil treatment, generating recycled product for a single finite reuse.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Multiple phase estimation in quantum cloning machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the initial discovery of the Wootters-Zurek no-cloning theorem, a wide variety of quantum cloning machines have been proposed aiming at imperfect but optimal cloning of quantum states within its own context. Remarkably, most previous studies have employed the Bures fidelity or the Hilbert-Schmidt norm as the figure of merit to characterize the quality of the corresponding cloning scenarios. However, in many situations, what we truly care about is the relevant information about certain parameters encoded in quantum states. In this work, we investigate the multiple phase estimation problem in the framework of quantum cloning machines, from the perspective of quantum Fisher information matrix (QFIM). Focusing on the generalized d-dimensional equatorial states, we obtain the analytical formulas of QFIM for both universal quantum cloning machine (UQCM) and phase-covariant quantum cloning machine (PQCM), and prove that PQCM indeed performs better than UQCM in terms of QFIM. We highlight that our method can be generalized to arbitrary cloning schemes where the fidelity between the single-copy input and output states is input-state independent. Furthermore, the attainability of the quantum Cramer-Rao bound is also explicitly discussed.

Yao Yao; Li Ge; Xing Xiao; Xiao-guang Wang; Chang-pu Sun

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

185

Policy Flash 2013-29 Leveraging the General Services Administration...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

General Services Administration's SmartPay2 Program and its Single Use Account Feature Policy Flash 2013-29 Leveraging the General Services Administration's SmartPay2 Program and...

186

Single Assessment Pass Rate South Carolina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single Assessment Pass Rate South Carolina Academic Year 2004 - 2005 ETS Type of Assessment Test in Cohort 2,218 in Cohort #12;Single Assessment Pass Rate South Carolina Academic Year 2004 - 2005 ETS Type, Part 0063 Middle School Mathematics 0069 Chemistry, Physics and General Science 0070 Social Studies

Kasman, Alex

187

Single-Column Modeling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

C.J. Somerville and S. F. lacobellis C.J. Somerville and S. F. lacobellis Climate Research Division Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0224 Our project is centered around a computationally efficient and economical one-dimensional (vertical) model, resembling a single column of a general circulation model (GCM) grid, applied to the experimental site of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. The model contains a full set of modern GCM parameterizations of subgrid physical processes. To force the model, the advective terms in the budget equations are specified observationally from operational numerical weather prediction analyses. These analyses, based on four-dimensional data assimilation techniques, provide dynamically consistent wind fields and horizontal gradients

188

Single molecule laser spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this article, we discussed some single molecule spectroscopy techniques and methods. We have chosen the simplicity in this survey based on our laboratory experience in this field. We concentrated on the imaging by both techniques the wide field and the scanning microscopes. Other imaging enhancements on the technique like extended resolution wide field, the total internal reflection imaging, and its derivatives are also reviewed. In addition to the imaging techniques, some diffusion techniques also are discussed like fluorescence correlation spectroscopy. The related methods like Forester resonance transfer, photo-induced electron transfer and anisotropy (steady state and time decay) are also discussed. In addition, we elucidated some simple details about the theory behind the FCS and its resulting curve fitting. This review is preceded by general introduction and ended with the conclusion.

Diaa Atta; Ali Okasha

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

A Generalization of Deutsch's Example  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum parallelism is the main feature of quantum computation. In 1985 D. Deutsch showed that a single quantum computation may be sufficient to state whether a two-valued function of a two-valued variable is constant or not. Though the generalized problem with unconstrained domain and range size admits no deterministic quantum solution, a fully probabilistic quantum algorithm is presented in which quantum parallelism is harnessed to achieve a quicker exploration of the domain with respect to the classical ``sampling'' strategy.

Giovanni Costantini; Fabrizio Smeraldi

1997-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

190

Generating set for general multipartite entangled states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a entanglement generating set for a general multipartite state based on the of concurrence. In particular, we show that concurrence for general multipartite states can be constructed by different classes of local operators which are defined by complement of positive operator valued measure on quantum phases. The entanglement generating set consists of different classes of entanglement that are detected by these classes of operators and contributes to the degree of entanglement for a general multipartite state.

Hoshang Heydari

2006-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

191

Beyond chemical accuracy: The pseudopotential approximation in diffusion Monte Carlo calculations of the HCP to BCC phase transition in beryllium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by the disagreement between recent diffusion Monte Carlo calculations and experiments on the phase transition pressure between the ambient and beta-Sn phases of silicon, we present a study of the HCP to BCC phase transition in beryllium. This lighter element provides an oppor- tunity for directly testing many of the approximations required for calculations on silicon and may suggest a path towards increasing the practical accuracy of diffusion Monte Carlo calculations of solids in general. We demonstrate that the single largest approximation in these calculations is the pseudopotential approximation. After removing this we find excellent agreement with experiment for the ambient HCP phase and results similar to careful calculations using density functional theory for the phase transition pressure.

Shulenburger, Luke; Desjarlais, M P

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Magnetic-resonance and thermophysical studies of the magnetic phase diagram for a GdFe{sub 2.1}Ga{sub 0.9}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} single crystal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The antiferromagnetic resonance, heat capacity, magnetic properties, and magnetic phase diagram of a GdFe{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} crystal in which some of the iron ions were substituted by diamagnetic gallium ions have been investigated. It has been found that the Neel temperature upon diamagnetic substitution decreased to 17 K compared to 38 K in the unsubstituted crystal. The effective exchange and anisotropy fields for GdFe{sub 2.1}Ga{sub 0.9}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} have been estimated from the field dependences of magnetization and resonance measurements. The magnetic phase diagram of the crystal has been constructed from magnetic and resonance measurements. In GdFe{sub 2.1}Ga{sub 0.9}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4}, there is no spontaneous reorientation and, in the absence of a magnetic field, the crystal remains an easy-axis one in the entire domain of magnetic ordering. The critical field of the reorientation transition to an induced easy-plane state in a magnetic field along the trigonal axis has been found to increase compared to that in the unsubstituted crystal.

Pankrats, A. I.; Petrakovskii, G. A.; Tugarinov, V. I., E-mail: vit@iph.krasn.ru; Kartashev, A. V.; Temerov, V. L. [Russian Academy of Science, Siberian Branch, Kirensky Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

193

Novel 3-Phase Inductive Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper describes the inductive three-phase fault current limiter. In this work I examine the novel arrangements of the perfect closed superconducting loop made of HTS wire. I applied one iron core with 3 limbs and special loops for uniform temperature of the superconducting wire. In this work I present the results of my experiments with this device. I present the static and dynamic measured results of this solution. It has got several advantages e. g. fast switching and less fault power for high-power electric machines. The advantage of the equipment is that in the case of single-phase short circuit the current will decrease in all the three phases. This can be an appropriate solution for high power machines. For example, in the case of high-power electric motor if there is a single-phase breaking or a single phase short circuit, we can decrease the current in the three phases.

Janos Kosa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Tobacco Smoking, Motor Exhaust Fumes, and General Air Pollution in Relation to Lung Cancer Incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...patients to represent the general populations from which...urban motor traffic or to general urban air pollution...Particulate Phase of Gaso line Engine Exhaust and the Carcinogenicity...Particulate Phase of Diesel Engine Exhausts and the Carcinogenicity...

Clarence A. Mills and Marjorie Mills Porter

1957-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Single molecule pulling with large time steps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently, we presented a generalization of the Jarzynski nonequilibrium work theorem for phase space mappings. The formalism shows that one can determine free energy differences from approximate trajectories obtained from molecular dynamics simulations in which very large time steps are used. In this work we test the method by simulating the force-induced unfolding of a deca-alanine helix in vacuum. The excellent agreement between results obtained with a small, conservative time step of 0.5fs and results obtained with a time step of 3.2fs (i.e., close to the stability limit) indicates that the large-time-step approach is practical for such complex biomolecules. We further adapt the method of Hummer and Szabo for the simulation of single molecule force spectroscopy experiments to the large-time-step method. While trajectories generated with large steps are approximate and may be unphysicalin the simulations presented here we observe a violation of the equipartition theoremthe computed free energies are exact in principle. In terms of efficiency, the optimum time step for the unfolding simulations lies in the range 13fs.

Harald Oberhofer; Christoph Dellago; Stefan Boresch

2007-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

196

Spectroscopic Studies of the Phase Transition in Ammonia Borane...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Studies of the Phase Transition in Ammonia Borane: Raman spectroscopy of single crystal NH3BH3 as a function of Spectroscopic Studies of the Phase Transition in Ammonia Borane:...

197

Direct Observation of Tunneling and Nonlinear Self-Trapping in a Single Bosonic Josephson Junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the first realization of a single bosonic Josephson junction, implemented by two weakly linked Bose-Einstein condensates in a double-well potential. In order to fully investigate the nonlinear tunneling dynamics we measure the density distribution in situ and deduce the evolution of the relative phase between the two condensates from interference fringes. Our results verify the predicted nonlinear generalization of tunneling oscillations in superconducting and superfluid Josephson junctions. Additionally, we confirm a novel nonlinear effect known as macroscopic quantum self-trapping, which leads to the inhibition of large amplitude tunneling oscillations.

Albiez, Michael; Gati, Rudolf; Foelling, Jonas; Hunsmann, Stefan; Oberthaler, Markus K. [Kirchhoff-Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 227, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Cristiani, Matteo [CNR-INFM, Dipartimento di Fisica E. Fermi, Universita di Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, I-56127 Pisa (Italy)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Glauber coherence of single-electron sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently demonstrated solid-state single-electron sources generate different quantum states depending on their operation condition. For adiabatic and nonadiabatic sources, we determine the Glauber correlation function in terms of the Floquet scattering matrix of the source. The correlation function provides full information on the shape of the state and on its time-dependent amplitude and phase. The coherence properties of single-electron states are therefore essential for the production of quantum multiparticle states.

G. Haack; M. Moskalets; M. Bttiker

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

199

Draft General Conformity Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

I I Draft General Conformity Determination U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service MMS Cape Wind Energy Project January 2009 Final EIS Appendix I Draft General Conformity Determination Draft General Conformity Determination Cape Wind Energy Project Prepared by Minerals Management Service Herndon, VA November 2008 i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION TO THE PROPOSED ACTION............................................................... 1 2.0 GENERAL CONFORMITY REGULATORY BACKGROUND .......................................... 2 2.1 GENERAL CONFORMITY REQUIREMENTS.................................................................... 2 2.2 GENERAL CONFORMITY APPLICABILITY.....................................................................

200

General | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Volver Pgina principal General banner.jpg Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGeneral&oldid519011" What links here Related changes Special pages Printable...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

General User Proposals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General User Proposals Print General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS or the...

202

General User Proposals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office General User Proposals Print General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS...

203

Thermophysical properties of coexistent phases of plutonium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plutonium is the element with the greatest number of allotropic phases. Thermally induced transformations between these phases are typically characterized by thermal hysteresis and incomplete phase reversion. With Ga substitutal in the lattice, low symmetry phases are replaced by a higher symmetry phase. However, the low temperature Martensitic phase transformation ({delta} {yields} {alpha}{prime}) in Ga stabilized {delta}-phase Pu is characterized by a region of thermal hysteresis which can reach 200 C in extent. These regions of thermal hysteresis offer a unique opportunity to study thermodynamics in inhomogeneous systems of coexistent phases. The results of thermophysical properties measured for samples of inhomogeneous unalloyed and Ga alloyed Pu will be discussed and compared with similar measurements of their single phase constituents.

Freibert, Franz J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mitchell, Jeremy N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Saleh, Tarik A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schwartz, Dan S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Identifying the Bose glass phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introducing disorder into the Bose-Hubbard model at integer fillings leads to a Bose glass phase, along with the Mott insulator and superfluid phases. We suggest a new order parameter: the determinant of the one body density matrix, which is nonzero only within the Mott-insulator phase. Alongside the superfluid fraction, it is then possible to distinguish the three phases. The Bose glass phase is the only phase which has vanishing determinant and superfluid fraction. The vanishing of the determinant in the Bose glass phase occurs due to the partial fragmentation of the condensate into localized fragments, each with zero superfluid response, which implies the presence of unoccupied sites and hence the presence of lines of zeros in the one body density matrix. In the superfluid phase, the determinant vanish for another reason - due to the macroscopic occupation of a single particle state. Finally, we suggest the enhancement of the three body decay rate in the Bose glass phase, as an experimental indicator for the presence of localized fragments.

R. Pugatch; N. Bar-gill; N. Katz; E. Rowen; N. Davidson

2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

205

Quantum Algorithm for Generalized Deutsch-Jozsa Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We generalize the Deutsch-Jozsa problem and present a quantum algorithm that can solve the generalized Deutsch-Jozsa problem by a single evaluation of a given function. We discuss the initialization of an auxiliary register and present a generalized Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm that requires no initialization of an auxiliary register.

Dong Pyo Chi; Jinsoo Kim; Soojoon Lee

2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

206

Two-phase flow studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two-phase flow program is directed at understanding the hydrodynamics of two-phase flows. The two-phase flow regime is characterized by a series of flow patterns that are designated as bubble, slug, churn, and annular flow. Churn flow has received very little scientific attention. This lack of attention cannot be justified because calculations predict that the churn flow pattern will exist over a substantial portion of the two-phase flow zone in producing geothermal wells. The University of Houston is experimentally investigating the dynamics of churn flow and is measuring the holdup over the full range of flow space for which churn flow exists. These experiments are being conducted in an air/water vertical two-phase flow loop. Brown University has constructed and is operating a unique two-phase flow research facility specifically designed to address flow problems of relevance to the geothermal industry. An important feature of the facility is that it is dedicated to two-phase flow of a single substance (including evaporation and condensation) as opposed to the case of a two-component two-phase flow. This facility can be operated with horizontal or vertical test sections of constant diameter or with step changes in diameter to simulate a geothermal well profile.

Hanold, R.J.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Generalized teleportation and entanglement recycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce new teleportation protocols which are generalizations of the original teleportation protocols that use the Pauli group [Bennett, et al. Physical Review Letters, 70(13) 1895-1899] and the port-based teleportation protocols, introduced by Hiroshima and Ishizaka [Physical Review Letters, 101(24) 240501], that use the symmetric permutation group. We derive sufficient condition for a set of operations, which in general need not form a group, to give rise to a teleportation protocol and provide examples of such schemes. This generalization leads to protocols with novel properties and is needed to push forward new schemes of computation based on them. Port-based teleportation protocols and our generalizations use a large resource state consisting of N singlets to teleport only a single qubit state reliably. We provide two distinct protocols which recycle the resource state to teleport multiple states with error linearly increasing with their number. The first protocol consists of sequentially teleporting qubit states, and the second teleports them in a bulk.

Sergii Strelchuk; Micha? Horodecki; Jonathan Oppenheim

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

208

Phase II Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SkyTrough DSP will advance the state-of-the-art in parabolic troughs for utility applications, with a larger aperture, higher operating temperature, and lower cost. The goal of this project was to develop a parabolic trough collector that enables solar electricity generation in the 2020 marketplace for a 216MWe nameplate baseload power plant. This plant requires an LCOE of 9/kWhe, given a capacity factor of 75%, a fossil fuel limit of 15%, a fossil fuel cost of $6.75/MMBtu, $25.00/kWht thermal storage cost, and a domestic installation corresponding to Daggett, CA. The result of our optimization was a trough design of larger aperture and operating temperature than has been fielded in large, utility scale parabolic trough applications: 7.6m width x 150m SCA length (1,118m2 aperture), with four 90mm diameter 4.7m receivers per mirror module and an operating temperature of 500C. The results from physical modeling in the System Advisory Model indicate that, for a capacity factor of 75%: The LCOE will be 8.87/kWhe. SkyFuel examined the design of almost every parabolic trough component from a perspective of load and performance at aperture areas from 500 to 2,900m2. Aperture-dependent design was combined with fixed quotations for similar parts from the commercialized SkyTrough product, and established an installed cost of $130/m2 in 2020. This project was conducted in two phases. Phase I was a preliminary design, culminating in an optimum trough size and further improvement of an advanced polymeric reflective material. This phase was completed in October of 2011. Phase II has been the detailed engineering design and component testing, which culminated in the fabrication and testing of a single mirror module. Phase II is complete, and this document presents a summary of the comprehensive work.

Schuknecht, Nate [Project Manager; White, David [Principle Investigator; Hoste, Graeme [Research Engineer

2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

209

Environmental Effects on the Geometric Phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The behavior of the geometric phase gained by a single spin-1/2 nucleus immersed into a thermal or a squeezed environment is investigated. Both the time dependence of the phase and its value at infinity are examined against several physical parameters. It is observed that for some intermediate ranges of the temperature and the coupling strength, the presence of squeezing enhances the geometric phase.

A. C. Gnhan; S. Turgut; N. K. Pak

2009-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

210

Single-Molecule Detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Detection of single molecules represents the ultimate level of sensitivity and ... background, fluorescence is one obvious choice for single-molecule detection (SMD). However, SMD using ... first report on SMD us...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Electro-Optic Modulation of Single Photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the Stokes photon of a biphoton pair to set the time origin for electro-optic modulation of the wave function of the anti-Stokes photon thereby allowing arbitrary phase and amplitude modulation. We demonstrate conditional single-photon wave functions composed of several pulses, or instead, having gaussian or exponential shapes.

Pavel Kolchin; Chinmay Belthangady; Shengwang Du; G. Y. Yin; S. E. Harris

2008-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

212

Policy Flash 2013-29 Leveraging the General Services Administration's  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 Leveraging the General Services 9 Leveraging the General Services Administration's SmartPay2 Program and its Single Use Account Feature Policy Flash 2013-29 Leveraging the General Services Administration's SmartPay2 Program and its Single Use Account Feature Attached is Policy Flash 2013-29: Leveraging the General Services Administration's SmartPay2 Program and its Single Use Account Feature Questions concerning this policy flash should be directed to Denise T. Clarke of the Office of Acquisition and Project Management, Strategic Programs Division at (202) 287-1748 or at DeniseT.Clarke@hq.doe.gov. POLICY_FLASH_2013_28 Leveraging GSA SmartPay2.pdf Signed_Memo with_ attachments.pdf More Documents & Publications Policy Flash 2013-50 Leveraging the General Services Administration's SmartPay2 Program and its Single Use Account Feature

213

Synchronization of coupled single-electron circuits based on nanoparticles and tunneling junctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explore theoretically the synchronization properties of a device composed of coupled single-electron circuits whose building blocks are nanoparticles interconnected with tunneling junctions. Elementary nanoscillators can be achieved by a single-electron tunneling cell where the relaxation oscillation is induced by the tunneling. We develop a model to describe the synchronization of the nanoscillators and present sample calculations to demonstrate that the idea is feasible and could readily find applications. Instead of considering a particular system we analyze the general properties of the device making use of an ideal model that emphasizes the essential characteristics of the concept. We define an order parameter for the system as a whole and demonstrate phase synchronization for sufficiently high values of the coupling resistance.

Javier Cervera; Jos A. Manzanares; Salvador Maf

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Aging and Phase Stability of Waste Package Outer Barrier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was prepared in accordance with ''Technical Work Plan for: Regulatory Integration Modeling and Analysis of the Waste Form and Waste Package'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171583]). This report provides information on the phase stability of Alloy 22, the current waste package outer barrier material. The goal of this model is to determine whether the single-phase solid solution is stable under repository conditions and, if not, how fast other phases may precipitate. The aging and phase stability model, which is based on fundamental thermodynamic and kinetic concepts and principles, will be used to provide predictive insight into the long-term metallurgical stability of Alloy 22 under relevant repository conditions. The results of this model are used by ''General Corrosion and Localized Corrosion of Waste Package Outer Barrier'' as reference-only information. These phase stability studies are currently divided into three general areas: Tetrahedrally close-packed (TCP) phase and carbide precipitation in the base metal; TCP and carbide precipitation in welded samples; and Long-range ordering reactions. TCP-phase and carbide precipitates that form in Alloy 22 are generally rich in chromium (Cr) and/or molybdenum (Mo) (Raghavan et al. 1984 [DIRS 154707]). Because these elements are responsible for the high corrosion resistance of Alloy 22, precipitation of TCP phases and carbides, especially at grain boundaries, can lead to an increased susceptibility to localized corrosion in the alloy. These phases are brittle and also tend to embrittle the alloy (Summers et al. 1999 [DIRS 146915]). They are known to form in Alloy 22 at temperatures greater than approximately 600 C. Whether these phases also form at the lower temperatures expected in the repository during the 10,000-year regulatory period must be determined. The kinetics of this precipitation will be determined for both the base metal and the weld heat-affected zone (HAZ). The TCP phases (P, {mu}, and {sigma}) are present in the weld metal in the as-welded condition. It may be possible to eliminate these phases through a solution anneal heat treatment, but that may not be possible for the closure weld because the spent nuclear fuel cladding cannot be heated to more than 350 C. The effects of any stress mitigation techniques (such as laser peening or solution heat treating) that may be used to reduce the tensile stresses on the closure welds must also be determined. Cold-work will cause an increase in dislocation density, and such an increase in dislocation density may cause an increase in diffusion rates that control precipitation kinetics (Porter et al. 1992 [DIRS 161265]; Tawancy et al. 1983 [DIRS 104991]). Long-range order (LRO) occurs in nickel (Ni)-Cr-Mo alloys (such as Alloy 22) at temperatures less than approximately 600 C. This ordering has been linked to an increased susceptibility of Ni-Cr-Mo alloys to stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement (Tawancy et al. 1983 [DIRS 104991]). These analyses provide information on the rate at which LRO may occur in Alloy 22 under repository conditions. Determination of the kinetics of transformations through experimental techniques requires that the transformations being investigated be accelerated due to the fact that the expected service life is at least 10,000 years. Phase transformations are typically accelerated through an increase in temperature. The rate of transformation is determined at the higher temperature and is extrapolated to the lower temperatures of interest.

F. Wong

2004-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

215

mathematics single cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

47 mathematics education single cycle master's study programme #12;48 single cycle master's study program in Mathematics Education #12;49 single cycle master's study program in Mathematics Education MATHEMATICS EDUCATION The program is in tune with the principles of the Bologna Declaration. · Academic title

?umer, Slobodan

216

Chiral tunneling in single and bilayer graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review chiral (Klein) tunneling in single-layer and bilayer graphene and present its semiclassical theory, including the Berry phase and the Maslov index. Peculiarities of the chiral tunneling are naturally explained in terms of classical phase space. In a one-dimensional geometry we reduced the original Dirac equation, describing the dynamics of charge carriers in the single layer graphene, to an effective Schr\\"odinger equation with a complex potential. This allowed us to study tunneling in details and obtain analytic formulas. Our predictions are compared with numerical results. We have also demonstrated that, for the case of asymmetric n-p-n junction in single layer graphene, there is total transmission for normal incidence only, side resonances are suppressed.

T. Tudorovskiy; K. J. A. Reijnders; M. I. Katsnelson

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Finite Element Analysis of Three-Phase Piezoelectric Nanocomposites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on performance. The nanocomposite consisted of a polyimide matrix, beta-CN APB/ODPA, enhanced with single wall carbon nanotubes and PZT-5A particles. The polyimide and nan- otube phases were modeled as a single homogenized phase. This results in a two...

Maxwell, Kevin S.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

218

Phase Transformations in Confined Nanosystems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project discovered that non-equilibrium structures, including chemically ordered structures not observed in bulk systems, form in isolated nanoscale systems. Further, a generalized model was developed that effectively explained the suppression of equilibrium phase transformations. This thermodynamic model considered the free energy decrease associated with the phase transformation was less than the increase in energy associated with the formation of an interphase interface, therefore inhibiting the phase transformation. A critical diameter exists where the system transitions to bulk behavior, and a generalized equation was formulated that successfully predicted this transition in the Fe-Au system. This provided and explains a new route to novel structures not possible in bulk systems. The structural characterization was accomplished using transmission electron microscopy in collaboration with Matthew Kramer of Ames Laboratory. The PI and graduate student visited Ames Laboratory several times a year to conduct the experiments.

Shield, Jeffrey E. [Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering] [Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering; Belashchenko, Kirill [Department of Physics & Astronomy] [Department of Physics & Astronomy

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

219

Bixbyite- and anatase-type phases in the system Sc-Ta-O-N  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of our study was to modify the basis compound ss-TaON, which crystallizes in the monoclinic baddeleyite-type, by incorporation of appropriate dopant ions, in order to obtain anion-deficient cubic fluorite-type phases, which are of interest as solids with mobile nitrogen ions. For this purpose, scandium-doped tantalum oxide nitrides were prepared by ammonolysis of amorphous oxide precursors. An unexpected variety of phases with different structural features was observed: bixbyite-type phases of general composition Sc{sub x}Ta{sub 1-x}(O,N){sub y} with 0.33{<=}x{<=}1 and 1.7{<=}y{<=}1.9, yellow colored metastable anatase-type phases such as Sc{sub 0.1}Ta{sub 0.9}O{sub 1.2}N{sub 0.8} or Sc{sub 0.15}Ta{sub 0.85}O{sub 1.3}N{sub 0.7} and, additionally, anosovite-type phases Sc{sub x}Ta{sub 3-x}O{sub 2x}N{sub 5-2x} with 0{<=}x{<=}1.05. Selected phases were investigated by UV/vis spectroscopy. Anatase- and anosovite-type compounds show brilliant colors. In the anatase-type phase, a possible anion ordering was examined by theoretical methods. Additionally, energy calculations on phase stability were performed for Sc{sub x}Ta{sub 1-x}O{sub 1+2x}N{sub 1-2x} in the baddeleyite, rutile, and anatase structure types with varying amounts of dopants. - Graphical abstract: New anatase- and bixbyite-type phases obtained as single-phase samples in the system Sc-Ta-O-N.

Stork, A.; Schilling, H. [Institut fuer Chemie, TU Berlin, Strasse des 17. Juni 135, D-10623 Berlin (Germany); Wessel, C.; Wolff, H. [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, RWTH Aachen, Landoltweg 1, D-52056 Aachen (Germany); Boerger, A. [Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, TU Braunschweig, Hans-Sommer-Str. 10, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany); Baehtz, C. [HASYLAB at DESY, Netkestr. 85, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany); Becker, K.-D. [Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, TU Braunschweig, Hans-Sommer-Str. 10, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany); Dronskowski, R. [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, RWTH Aachen, Landoltweg 1, D-52056 Aachen (Germany); Lerch, M., E-mail: lerch@chem.tu-berlin.d [Institut fuer Chemie, TU Berlin, Strasse des 17. Juni 135, D-10623 Berlin (Germany)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Numerical analysis of thermal-hydrological conditions in the single heater test at Yucca Mountain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single Heater Test at Yucca Mountain, LBNL-39789, E.O. LawSingle Heater Test at Yucca Mountain Jens T. Birkholzer andwaste repository at Yucca Mountain. The heating phase of the

Birkholzer, Jens T.; Tsang, Yvonne W.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Subcritical inhomogeneous percolation on general Yilun Shang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subcritical inhomogeneous percolation on general graphs Yilun Shang Institute for Cyber Security 2000: 60K35, 05C80, 82B43 Keywords: percolation, inhomogeneous, subcritical phase. 1. Introduction percolation transition is called subcritical and that after transition is referred to as supercritical

222

Single Assessment Pass Rate South Carolina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single Assessment Pass Rate South Carolina Academic Year 2000 - 2001 ETS Type of Assessment Test Code Total Pass % Pass Total Pass % Pass Academic Content Area Education in the Elementary School 0010., & Comp.: Essays 0042 Mathematics 0060 1 1 100% 47 45 96% Chemistry, Physics and General Science 0070 5 3

Kasman, Alex

223

Nonlinear Dynamics of Single Bunch Instability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nonlinear equation is derived that governs the evolution of the amplitude of unstable oscillations with account of quantum diffusion effects due to the synchrotron radiation. Numerical solutions to this equation predict a variety of possible scenarios of nonlinear evolution of the instability some of which are in good qualitative agreement with experimental observations. Microwave single bunch instability in circular accelerators has been observed in many machines. The instability usually arises when the number of particles in the bunch exceeds some critical value, Nc, which varies depending on the parameters of the accelerating regime. Recent observations on the SLC damping rings at SLAC with a new low-impedance vacuum chamber revealed new interesting features of the instability. In some cases, after initial exponential growth, the instability eventually saturated at a level that remained constant through the accumulation cycle. In other regimes, relaxation-type oscillations were measured in nonlinear phase of the instability. In many cases, the instability was characterized by a frequency close to the second harmonic of the synchrotron oscillations. Several attempts have been made to address the nonlinear stage of the instability based on either computer simulations or some specific assumptions regarding the structure of the unstable mode. An attempt of a more general consideration of the problem is carried out in this paper. We adopt an approach recently developed in plasma physics for analysis of nonlinear behavior of weakly unstable modes in dynamic systems. Assuming that the growth rate of the instability is much smaller than its frequency, we find a time dependent solution to Vlasov equation and derive an equation for the complex amplitude of the oscillations valid in the nonlinear regime. Numerical solutions to this equation predict a variety of possible scenarios of nonlinear evolution of the instability some of which are in good qualitative agreement with experimental observations.

Stupakov, G.V.; /SLAC; Breizman, B.N.; Pekker, M.S.; /Texas U.

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

224

SINGLE PHASE FLOW IN PARTIALLY FISSURED MEDIA J ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of recovery in the initial stages of reservoir production in fractured media often ..... jYf j. jY j. @ f;0. @t. (x; t) r x ( f r x f;0) = qmf (x; t); x 2 ;. t 2 I;. (2.8). qmf (x; t) = 1.

225

Modeling wax thickness in single-phase turbulent flow.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Oil and gas transport is today a vital part of the industry. Oil cooled during transport in pipelines may precipitate paraffin wax. Precipitated wax (more)

Botne, Kjetil Kandal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Single phase flow visualization using Digital Pulsed Laser Velocimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Implementation . VII. 4 The Decompression Pmgram 53 53 55 58 VIII. THE FIND-SPOTS AND FIND-SPOTS-CMP PROGRAMS VIII. 1 Description of the Code VHI. 2 Find-Spots Algorithm VIII. 3 Find-Spots-CMP Algorithm 60 61 65 IX, THE TRACK-PARTICLES PROGRAM . . 70..., RESULTS TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONTINUED) PAGE X. l Results 95 XI. CONCLUSIONS 103 XL I Conclusions. XL2 Recommendations . 103 104 REFERENCES. . . . . 105 APPENDIX A. MULTIPLE FRAME IMAGE CAPTURE SOURCE CODE . . 108 APPENDIX B. PICTURES OF PARTICLE...

Hild, Robert David

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

227

Formation of single-phase BaO nanoclusters. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instruments: Variable Temperature Scanning Probe Microscope Tags: ultra-high vacuum UHV VT SPM atomic-resolution imaging Volume: 519 Issue: 16 Pages: 5335-5338 Publication...

228

Contingency Simulation Using Single Phase Quadratized Power Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a hybrid contingency selection technique is applied first to categorize system contingencies into two reliability test systems. Index Terms -- Compensation method, contingency simulation, hybrid contingency

229

DOE General Competencies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The DOE General Competencies are the personal and professional attributes that are critical to successful performance. A competency model is a collection of competencies that together define...

230

General User Proposals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Proposals Print General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS or the Participating Research...

231

Ising model: secondary phase transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lttice-spin phonons are considered, which make the heat capacity at the critical temperature satisfy experimental observations better. There is a BEC phase transition in an Ising model attributable to the lattice-spin phonons. We proved that the spin-wave theory only is available after BEC transition, and the magnons have the same characteristics as the lattice-spin phonons', resulting from quantum effect. Energy-level overlap effect at ultralow temperature is found. A prediction of BEC phase transition in a crystal is put forward as our theory generalization.

You-gang Feng

2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

232

SINGLE CRYSTAL SURFACE ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] ~ 310 [GPa] Phase g - Siebörger et al. [001] [111] #12;EPFL LASER CLADDING PROCESS Substrate Clad Remelted zone Vb Deposit G,VS LASER CLADDING PROCESS #12;EPFL b primary phaseg primary phase EPITAXY MCr CLADDING OF MCrAlY ON CMSX 4 #12;EPFL DENDRITE BRANCH SELECTION [100] [001] [010] [001] [010] [100] Laser

Cambridge, University of

233

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

APP-005 APP-005 Planning for and Measuring Office of Inspector General Results FY 2002 Annual Performance Report and FY 2003 Annual Performance Plan Office of Inspector General U.S. Department of Energy Inspector General's Message We are pleased to present the Office of Inspector General's (OIG) consolidated Fiscal Year 2002 Annual Performance Report and Fiscal Year 2003 Annual Performance Plan. This document evaluates our actual Fiscal Year (FY) 2002 performance and establishes the performance goals and strategies we will pursue in FY 2003 to fulfill our mission. As mandated by the Inspector General Act, the OIG promotes the effective, efficient, and economical operation of the Department of Energy's programs and operations, including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA).

234

Generalized Galilean Genesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The galilean genesis scenario is an alternative to inflation in which the universe starts expanding from Minkowski in the asymptotic past by violating the null energy condition stably. Several concrete models of galilean genesis have been constructed so far within the context of galileon-type scalar-field theories. We give a generic, unified description of the galilean genesis scenario in terms of the Horndeski theory, i.e., the most general scalar-tensor theory with second-order field equations. In doing so we generalize the previous models to have a new parameter (denoted by {\\alpha}) which results in controlling the evolution of the Hubble rate. The background dynamics is investigated to show that the generalized galilean genesis solution is an attractor, similarly to the original model. We also study the nature of primordial perturbations in the generalized galilean genesis scenario. In all the models described by our generalized genesis Lagrangian, amplification of tensor perturbations does not occur as ...

Nishi, Sakine

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Symmetry, Defects, and Gauging of Topological Phases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the interplay of symmetry and topological order in $2+1$ dimensional topological phases of matter. We present a definition of the \\it topological symmetry \\rm group, which characterizes the symmetry of the emergent topological quantum numbers of a topological phase $\\mathcal{C}$, and describe its relation with the microscopic symmetry of the underlying physical system. We derive a general framework to classify symmetry fractionalization in topological phases, including non-Abelian phases and the possibility that the symmetries permute the quasiparticle types. We develop a theory of extrinsic defects (fluxes) associated with elements of the symmetry group, which provides a general classification of symmetry-enriched topological phases derived from a topological phase of matter $\\mathcal{C}$ with (on-site) symmetry group $G$. The algebraic theory of the defects, known as a $G$-crossed braided tensory category $\\mathcal{C}_{G}^{\\times}$, allows one to compute many properties, such as the number of topologically distinct types of defects associated with each group element, their fusion rules, quantum dimensions, zero modes, braiding exchange transformations, a generalized Verlinde formula for the defects, and modular transformations of the $G$-crossed extensions of topological phases. We also examine the promotion of the global symmetry to a local gauge invariance, wherein the extrinsic $G$-defects are turned into deconfined quasiparticle excitations, which results in a different topological phase $\\mathcal{C}/G$. A number of instructive and/or physically relevant examples are studied in detail.

Maissam Barkeshli; Parsa Bonderson; Meng Cheng; Zhenghan Wang

2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

236

Office of Inspector General | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Department » Office of Inspector General Energy Department » Office of Inspector General Office of Inspector General Office of Inspector General Latest Reports January 2, 2014 Special Report: DOE/IG-0901 NNSA's Management of the $245 million Nuclear Materials Safeguards and Security Upgrades Project Phase II at Los Alamos National Laboratory December 20, 2013 Audit Report: OAS-FS-14-04 Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Fiscal Year 2013 Financial Statement Audit December 12, 2013 Audit Report: OAS-FS-14-03 Department of Energy's Fiscal Year 2013 Consolidated Financial Statements December 11, 2013 Audit Report: OAS-FS-14-02 Department of Energy's Nuclear Waste Fund's Fiscal Year 2013 Financial Statement Audit More Reports > Contact the Hotline BY PHONE D.C. Metro Area: (202) 586-4073 Toll free: (800) 541-1625

237

General Chemistry Collection for Students on CD-ROM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

General Chemistry Collection for Students on CD-ROM ... The JCE: Software General Chemistry Collection CD-ROM contains software intended for use by introductory level chemistry students. ... All of this popular, previously published, peer-reviewed software is now available on a single CD-ROM for convenient access by students. ...

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Low-temperature structural phase transition in synthetic libethenite Cu2PO4OH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-temperature structural properties of the synthetic mineral libethenite Cu2PO4OH were investigated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, specific heat measurements, and Raman spectroscopy. A second-order structural phase transition from the Pnnm symmetry (a=8.0553(8), b=8.3750(9), c=5.8818(6) at 180K) to the P21/n symmetry (a=8.0545(8), b=8.3622(9), c=5.8755(6), ?=90.0012(15) at 120K) was found at 160K during cooling. At 120K, the monoclinic angle is 90.0012(15) from single crystal X-ray data vs 90.083(1) from powder X-ray diffraction data. The P21/ntoPnnm transition may be a general feature of the adamite-type compounds, M2XO4OH.

Alexei A. Belik; Pan?e Naumov; Jungeun Kim; Shunsuke Tsuda

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Single-Molecule Chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the currently available optical facilities, it is now possible to observe the dynamic behavior of single biomolecules and to study their kinetics. Within a group of molecules (e.g., in an enzyme), ... static...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

general_atomics.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

former General former General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was constructed in 1959 and operated until 1991. The site encompassed approximately 7,400 square feet of laboratory and remote operations cells. Licensed operations at the facility included receipt, handling, and shipment of radioactive materials; remote handling, examination, and storage of previously irradiated nuclear fuel materials; pilot-scale tritium extraction operations; and development, fabrication, and inspection of uranium oxide-beryllium oxide fuel materials. General Atomics performed most of the work for the federal government. The General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was located in a 60-acre complex 13 miles northwest of downtown San Diego, 1 mile inland from the Pacific Ocean, and approximately 300 feet above sea level.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

general_atomics.cdr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

former former General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was constructed in 1959 and operated until 1991. The site encompassed approximately 7,400 square feet of laboratory and remote operations cells. Licensed operations at the facility included receipt, handling, and shipment of radioactive materials; remote handling, examination, and storage of previously irradiated nuclear fuel materials; pilot-scale tritium extraction operations; and development, fabrication, and inspection of uranium oxide-beryllium oxide fuel materials. General Atomics performed most of the work for the federal government. The General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was located in a 60-acre complex 13 miles northwest of downtown San Diego, 1 mile inland from the Pacific Ocean, and approximately 300 feet above sea level. The General Atomics site is in the center of Torrey Mesa Science Center, a 304-acre industrial

242

MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL Page 1 of 4 HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL Position: Quality & Safety and efficacy of our practice, reporting this data out to department clinicians, senior leadership and hospital hospital and department groups, exceptional interpersonal, communication, project organization, time

Adams, Mark

243

1 General Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 General Information. 1.1 Class time / location: TTh 9-10:15, REC 114. 1.2 Office Hours: T 1:00-2:30 and Th 12:00-1:00. 1.3 Textbook: Elementary differential...

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

244

general_atomics.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

300 feet above sea level. The General Atomics site is in the center of Torrey Mesa Science Center, a 304-acre industrial park. No ground water wells are at or near the Hot Cell...

245

General User Proposals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Proposals Print Tuesday, 01 June 2010 09:36 General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS...

246

Introduction: General Landslide Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Highlights for several papers included in the general landslide session for the 3rd World Landslide Forum are presented. Topics range from early warning systems and modelling to geomorphology and solid waste...

Peter Bobrowsky; Yueping Yin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

General relativity and experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The confrontation between Einstein's theory of gravitation and experiment is summarized. Although all current experimental data are compatible with general relativity, the importance of pursuing the quest for possible deviations from Einstein's theory is emphasized.

T. Damour

1994-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

248

2011 IAEA General Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2011 IAEA General Conference 2011 IAEA General Conference Remarks as Prepared for Delivery Secretary Steven Chu Monday, September 19, 2011 Thank you, Ambassador Feruta. Congratulations on your election as President of this Conference. I also want to thank Director General Amano for his outstanding leadership. I am honored to represent the United States today, and I want to share a message from President Barack Obama: "On behalf of the United States, please accept my best wishes for a successful International Atomic Energy Agency General Conference. This year's meeting takes place against the backdrop of the severe earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan in March and the devastating accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station that followed. Along with

249

DOE/SC-ARM-P-07-006 Evaluation of Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 6 Evaluation of Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysics Parameterizations with the NCAR Single Column Climate Model (SCAM) and ARM Observations Second Quarter 2007 ARM Metric Report April 2007 Xiaohong Liu and Steven J. Ghan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Shaocheng Xie Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, California Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research X. Lui, S.J. Ghan, and S. Xie, DOE/SC-ARM/P-07-006 Summary Mixed-phase stratus clouds are ubiquitous in the Arctic and play an important role in climate in this region. However, climate models have generally proven unsuccessful at simulating the partitioning of condensed water

250

Symmetric generalized binomial distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In two recent articles, we have examined a generalization of the binomial distribution associated with a sequence of positive numbers, involving asymmetric expressions of probabilities that break the symmetry win-loss. We present in this article another generalization (always associated with a sequence of positive numbers) that preserves the symmetry win-loss. This approach is also based on generating functions and presents constraints of non-negativeness, similar to those encountered in our previous articles.

Bergeron, H. [Univ Paris-Sud, ISMO, UMR 8214, 91405 Orsay (France)] [Univ Paris-Sud, ISMO, UMR 8214, 91405 Orsay (France); Curado, E. M. F. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Instituto Nacional de Cincia e Tecnologia - Sistemas Complexos, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Gazeau, J. P. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); APC, UMR 7164, Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cit, 75205 Paris (France); Rodrigues, Ligia M. C. S., E-mail: herve.bergeron@u-psud.fr, E-mail: evaldo@cbpf.br, E-mail: gazeau@apc.univ-paris7.fr, E-mail: ligia@cbpf.br [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Single tensionless transition in the Laplacian roughening model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report large scale Monte Carlo simulations of the equilibrium discrete Laplacian roughening (dLr) model, originally introduced as the simplest one accommodating the hexatic phase in two-dimensional melting. The dLr model is also relevant to surface roughening in molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Our data suggest a single phase transition, possibly of the Kosterlitz-Thouless type, between a flat low-temperature phase and a rough, tensionless, high-temperature phase. Thus, earlier conclusions on the order of the phase transition and on the existence of a hexatic phase are seen as due to finite size effects, the phase diagram of the dLr model being similar to that of a continuum analog previously formulated in the context of surface growth by MBE.

Juan Jesus Ruiz-Lorenzo; Esteban Moro; Rodolfo Cuerno

2006-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

252

CrowdPhase: crowdsourcing the phase problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The idea of attacking the phase problem by crowdsourcing is introduced. Using an interactive, multi-player, web-based system, participants work simultaneously to select phase sets that correspond to better electron-density maps in order to solve low-resolution phasing problems.

Jorda, J.

2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

253

Z3 generalization of the Kitaev's spin-1/2 model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We generalize the Kitaev's spin-1/2 model on the honeycomb by introducing a two-dimensional Z3 clock model on the triangular lattice with three-body interaction. We discuss various properties of this model and show that the low energy theory of the Z3 generalized Kitaev model (GKM) is described by a single Z3 parafermion per lattice site coupled to a Z3 gauge field. We also introduce a slave-fermion approach for this GKM, treat the resulting fermionic Hamiltonian at the mean-field level, solve the mean-field parameters self-consistently, and obtain the low energy effective Chern-Simons (CS) gauge theory. The resulting CS gauge theory is identical to that of a (221) fractional quantum Hall state. We then go beyond the mean-field approximation and demonstrate that fluctuations generate a uniform interlayer pairing for the dual (221) bilayer state. We argue that this perturbed system can undergo a phase transition to the Fibonacci phase by tuning the interlayer pairing strength.

Abolhassan Vaezi

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

254

Quantum Phase Extraction in Isospectral Electronic Nanostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum phase is not a direct observable and is usually determined by interferometric methods. We present a method to map complete electron wave functions, including internal quantum phase information, from measured single-state probability densities. We harness the mathematical discovery of drum-like manifolds bearing different shapes but identical resonances, and construct quantum isospectral nanostructures possessing matching electronic structure but divergent physical structure. Quantum measurement (scanning tunneling microscopy) of these 'quantum drums' [degenerate two-dimensional electron states on the Cu(111) surface confined by individually positioned CO molecules] reveals that isospectrality provides an extra topological degree of freedom enabling robust quantum state transplantation and phase extraction.

Moon, Christopher

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

255

Measurement of Condensed-Phase Reaction Kinetics in the Aerosol Phase Using Single Particle Mass Spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thermogravimetric analysis, and a comparison revealed significant differences in measured reaction rates between containing precursors are injected into a thermal reactor, with resulting evaporation of solvent and reaction the reliability of these methods.3 The literature is rife with examples indicating that traditional thermal a

Zachariah, Michael R.

256

General Employee Radiological Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Not Measurement Not Measurement Sensitive DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 December 2007_______ Change Notice 1 Reaffirmed 2013 DOE HANDBOOK GENERAL EMPLOYEE RADIOLOGICAL TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ Change 1 DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 Original Change Part 2 page 5 The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 360 millirem/year. The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 620 millirem/year. Part 2 page 5 Natural background radiation is by far the

257

General User Proposal Scores  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General User Proposal Scores General User Proposal Scores General User Proposal Scores Print Tuesday, 01 June 2010 10:34 Scoring Proposals are scored on a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being the best score and 5 the worst. Reviewers are requested to use the following ranking schema: Must do High Priority Medium Priority Low priority Don't do Beam time is assigned based on each proposal's score in relation to all other proposals for a given beamline. For beamlines where beamtime requests exceed available beamtime, a cutoff score is assigned after which no beam time is allocated. proposal scores Beam Time Cutoff Scores for the Current Cycle The table below lists the percent of beam time shifts allocated/requested for each beamline, and the cutoff scores, below which no beam time was assigned.

258

General Employee Radiological Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

_______ _______ Change Notice 1 June 2009 DOE HANDBOOK GENERAL EMPLOYEE RADIOLOGICAL TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Not Measurement Sensitive This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ Change 1 DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 Original Change Part 2 page 5 The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 360 millirem/year. The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 620 millirem/year. Part 2 page 5 Natural background radiation is by far the

259

NEWTON's General Science References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General Science References General Science References Do you have a great general science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: First.gov Science and Technology First.gov Science and Technology This site, sponsered by the US Government provides reference links to topics on science, telecommunications, computers, research agencies, and news. NASA Science NASA Science NASA Science, is a website sponsered by NASA, that supplies resources for understanding our world and the world above. Topics include earth science, heliophysics, the planets, astrophysics and much more. There is also an educator page! Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories See the official site for the Nobel Prize, and read biographies about all of the Nobel Laureates, and there life changing discoveries and accomplishments.

260

E-Print Network 3.0 - annular two-phase flow Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Collection: Engineering 54 Boiling heat transfer in a hydrofoil-based micro pin fin heat sink Summary: single-phase heat transfer coefficient at...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Generalized coherent states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the coherent state of the harmonic oscillator, the probability density is that of the ground state subjected to an oscillation along a classical trajectory. Senitzky and others pointed out that there are states of the harmonic oscillator corresponding to an identical oscillatory displacement of the probability density of any energy eigenstate. These generalizations of the coherent state are rarely discussed, yet they furnish an interesting set of quantum states of light that combine features of number states and coherent states. Here we give an elementary account of the quantum optics of generalized coherent states.

T. G. Philbin

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

262

Single Particle Laser Ablation | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Single Particle Laser Ablation Single Particle Laser Ablation Leads No leads are available at this time. Effect of Solar Radiation on the Optical Properties and Molecular...

263

Single-exciton nanocrystal laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser system employing amplification via a single exciton regime and to optical gain media having single exciton amplification is provided.

Klimov, Victor I. (Los Alamos, NM); Ivanov, Sergei A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

264

Nonlinear interaction between two heralded single photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harnessing nonlinearities strong enough to allow two single photons to interact with one another is not only a fascinating challenge but is central to numerous advanced applications in quantum information science. Currently, all known approaches are extremely challenging although a few have led to experimental realisations with attenuated classical laser light. This has included cross-phase modulation with weak classical light in atomic ensembles and optical fibres, converting incident laser light into a non-classical stream of photon or Rydberg blockades as well as all-optical switches with attenuated classical light in various atomic systems. Here we report the observation of a nonlinear parametric interaction between two true single photons. Single photons are initially generated by heralding one photon from each of two independent spontaneous parametric downconversion sources. The two heralded single photons are subsequently combined in a nonlinear waveguide where they are converted into a single photon with a higher energy. Our approach highlights the potential for quantum nonlinear optics with integrated devices, and as the photons are at telecom wavelengths, it is well adapted to applications in quantum communication.

T. Guerreiro; A. Martin; B. Sanguinetti; J. S. Pelc; C. Langrock; M. M. Fejer; N. Gisin; H. Zbinden; N. Sangouard; R. T. Thew

2014-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

265

General Relativistic Effects in Atom Interferometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atom interferometry is now reaching sufficient precision to motivate laboratory tests of general relativity. We begin by explaining the non-relativistic calculation of the phase shift in an atom interferometer and deriving its range of validity. From this we develop a method for calculating the phase shift in general relativity. This formalism is then used to find the relativistic effects in an atom interferometer in a weak gravitational field for application to laboratory tests of general relativity. The potentially testable relativistic effects include the non-linear three-graviton coupling, the gravity of kinetic energy, and the falling of light. We propose experiments, one currently under construction, that could provide a test of the principle of equivalence to 1 part in 10{sup 15} (300 times better than the present limit), and general relativity at the 10% level, with many potential future improvements. We also consider applications to other metrics including the Lense-Thirring effect, the expansion of the universe, and preferred frame and location effects.

Dimopoulos, Savas; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Graham, Peter W.; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Hogan, Jason M.; Kasevich, Mark A.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

266

ENGINEERING General Information 436  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

great power to control their environment and, with this power, the responsibility to control it wiselySCHOOL OF ENGINEERING General Information 436 Descriptions of Fields of Study 438 Facilities 443 Information HISTORY AND AIMS OF THE SCHOOL Instruction in engineering began at Rutgers in 1864, when the state

Garfunkel, Eric

267

GENERAL CIRCULATION Mean Characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California, Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, Davis, CA 95616-8627, USA Introduction state. The general circulation undergoes seasonal change. In many fields the seasonal change is much on an annual average. Simple geometry (see Figure 1) shows that the amount of solar radiation reaching unit

Grotjahn, Richard

268

General com Technology community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Campus IT General com m unity Technology community ITsystem owners Campus Council for Information Technology (CCFIT) · ~30 members · Advisory evaluation and review role · Input from faculty, staff, students formal representation on steering team and subcommittees Technology Support Program · Technology support

Ferrara, Katherine W.

269

Singular Value Decomposition Generalized  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Overview The singular value decomposition (SVD) is a generalization of the eigen- ferent eigenvalues are pairwise orthogonal. Let X be a positive semi-definite, its eigen containing the eigenvalues of X. The SVD uses the eigen-decomposition of a positive semi-definite matrix

Abdi, Hervé

270

Instantons in the Higgs phase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When instantons are put into the Higgs phase, vortices are attached to instantons. We construct such composite solitons as 1/4 BPS states in five-dimensional supersymmetric U(N{sub C}) gauge theory with N{sub F}({>=}N{sub C}) fundamental hypermultiplets. We solve the hypermultiplet BPS equation and show that all 1/4 BPS solutions are generated by an N{sub C}xN{sub F} matrix which is holomorphic in two complex variables, assuming the vector multiplet BPS equation does not give additional moduli. We determine the total moduli space formed by topological sectors patched together and work out the multi-instanton solution inside a single vortex with complete moduli. Small instanton singularities are interpreted as small sigma-model lump singularities inside the vortex. The relation between monopoles and instantons in the Higgs phase is also clarified as limits of calorons in the Higgs phase. Another type of instantons stuck at an intersection of two vortices and dyonic instantons in the Higgs phase are also discussed.

Eto, Minoru; Isozumi, Youichi; Nitta, Muneto; Ohashi, Keisuke; Sakai, Norisuke [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Quantum Spin Hall Phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......even it is called the weak topological in- sulator (WTI). The STI and WTI correspond to the QSH and I phases, respectively...are used to distinguish various phases in the STI or WTI phases, and each phase can be associated with a mod......

Shuichi Murakami

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Method for thermal processing alumina-enriched spinel single crystals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for age-hardening alumina-rich magnesium aluminum spinel to obtain the desired combination of characteristics of hardness, clarity, flexural strength and toughness comprises selection of the time-temperature pair for isothermal heating followed by quenching. The time-temperature pair is selected from the region wherein the precipitate groups have the characteristics sought. The single crystal spinel is isothermally heated and will, if heated long enough pass from its single phase through two pre-precipitates and two metastable precipitates to a stable secondary phase precipitate within the spinel matrix. Quenching is done slowly at first to avoid thermal shock, then rapidly. 12 figs.

Jantzen, C.M.

1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

273

Degenerate Extensions of General Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

General relativity has previously been extended to incorporate degenerate metrics using Ashtekar's hamiltonian formulation of the theory. In this letter, we show that a natural alternative choice for the form of the hamiltonian constraints leads to a theory which agrees with GR for non-degenerate metrics, but differs in the degenerate sector from Ashtekar's original degenerate extension. The Poisson bracket algebra of the alternative constraints closes in the non-degenerate sector, with structure functions that involve the {\\it inverse} of the spatial triad. Thus, the algebra does {\\it not} close in the degenerate sector. We find that it must be supplemented by an infinite number ofsecondary constraints, which are shown to be first class (although their explicit form is not worked out in detail). All of the constraints taken together are implied by, but do not imply, Ashtekar's original form of constraints. Thus, the alternative constraints give rise to a different degenerate extension of GR. In the corresponding quantum theory, the single loop and intersecting loop holonomy states found in the connection representation satisfy {\\it all} of the constraints. These states are therefore exact (formal) solutions to this alternative degenerate extension of quantum gravity, even though they are {\\it not} solutions to the usual vector constraint.

Ted Jacobson; Joseph D. Romano

1992-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

274

Office of Inspector General  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Inspector General Inspector General Office of Audits and Inspections Work Plan for FY 2013 Audits Central Audits Division  Ecotality  Funding Overlap  Follow-up on Smart Grid Investment Grant  DOE's Loan Program Office's Portfolio Management  Office of Fossil Energy's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships  Advanced Manufacturing Office's Combined Heat and Power Systems  DOE's Management of Contaminated Non-EM Facilities  Unneeded Real Estate  Review of For-Profit Grantees for selected DOE programs  Commercialization Efforts at National Laboratories  Research Misconduct at Office of Science  Public Dissemination of Research Results  BPA's Management of Borrowing Authority Construction  Controls Over PMA's Use of Hedging Instruments

275

EMSL: News: General Stories  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General News General News Battery development may extend range of electric cars Battery development may extend range of electric cars New anode quadruples life of lithium-sulfur battery, could also help store renewable energy more cheaply Released: January 09, 2014 Scientists used EMSL capabilities and expertise to help develop and test a new anode design for lithium-sulfur batteries. The "hybrid" anode significantly extends the life of lithium-sulfur batteries, bringing them closer to commercial use. Read the PNNL news release. Batteries as they are meant to be seen Batteries as they are meant to be seen The search for long-lasting, inexpensive rechargeable batteries Released: December 27, 2013 Researchers working at EMSL study how a battery works under wet conditions

276

Extremal generalized quantum measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement on a section K of the set of states of a finite dimensional C*-algebra is defined as an affine map from K to a probability simplex. Special cases of such sections are used in description of quantum networks, in particular quantum channels. Measurements on a section correspond to equivalence classes of so-called generalized POVMs, which are called quantum testers in the case of networks. We find extremality conditions for measurements on K and characterize generalized POVMs such that the corresponding measurement is extremal. These results are applied to the set of channels. We find explicit extremality conditions for two outcome measurements on qubit channels and give an example of an extremal qubit 1-tester such that the corresponding measurement is not extremal.

Anna Jencova

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

277

Generalized qudit Choi maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following the linear programming prescription of Ref. \\cite{PRA72}, the $d\\otimes d$ Bell diagonal entanglement witnesses are provided. By using Jamiolkowski isomorphism, it is shown that the corresponding positive maps are the generalized qudit Choi maps. Also by manipulating particular $d\\otimes d$ Bell diagonal separable states and constructing corresponding bound entangled states, it is shown that thus obtained $d\\otimes d$ BDEW's (consequently qudit Choi maps) are non-decomposable in certain range of their parameters.

M. A. Jafarizadeh; M. Rezaeen; S. Ahadpour

2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

278

A Generalized Deletion Machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we prescribe a more generalized quantum-deleting machine (input state dependent). The fidelity of deletion is dependent on some machine parameters such that on alteration of machine parameters we get back to standard deleting machines. We also carried out a various comparative study of various kinds of quantum deleting machines. We also plotted graphs, making a comparative study of fidelity of deletion of the deletion machines, obtained as particular cases on changing the machine parameters of our machine.

Indranil Chakrabarty; Satyabrata Adhikari

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

279

Generalized Covariant Gyrokinetic Dynamics of Magnetoplasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A basic prerequisite for the investigation of relativistic astrophysical magnetoplasmas, occurring typically in the vicinity of massive stellar objects (black holes, neutron stars, active galactic nuclei, etc.), is the accurate description of single-particle covariant dynamics, based on gyrokinetic theory (Beklemishev et al., 1999-2005). Provided radiation-reaction effects are negligible, this is usually based on the assumption that both the space-time metric and the EM fields (in particular the magnetic field) are suitably prescribed and are considered independent of single-particle dynamics, while allowing for the possible presence of gravitational/EM perturbations driven by plasma collective interactions which may naturally arise in such systems. The purpose of this work is the formulation of a generalized gyrokinetic theory based on the synchronous variational principle recently pointed out (Tessarotto et al., 2007) which permits to satisfy exactly the physical realizability condition for the four-velocity. The theory here developed includes the treatment of nonlinear perturbations (gravitational and/or EM) characterized locally, i.e., in the rest frame of a test particle, by short wavelength and high frequency. Basic feature of the approach is to ensure the validity of the theory both for large and vanishing parallel electric field. It is shown that the correct treatment of EM perturbations occurring in the presence of an intense background magnetic field generally implies the appearance of appropriate four-velocity corrections, which are essential for the description of single-particle gyrokinetic dynamics.

Cremaschini, C. [Department of Astronomy, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Tessarotto, M. [Department of Mathematics and Informatics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Consortium of Magneto-fluid-dynamics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Nicolini, P. [Department of Mathematics and Informatics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Beklemishev, A. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

280

Generalized entanglement distillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a way for the entanglement distillation of genuine mixed state. Different from the conventional mixed state in entanglement purification protocol, each components of the mixed state in our protocol is a less-entangled state, while it is always a maximally entangled state. With the help of the weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity, this entanglement distillation protocol does not require the sophisticated single-photon detectors. Moreover, the distilled high quality entangled state can be retained to perform the further distillation. These properties make it more convenient in practical applications.

Yu-Bo Sheng; Lan Zhou

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

General Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

General Motors Place: Detroit, MI Website: http:www.generalmotors.com References: General Motors1 Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership...

282

Generalized Adaptive A* Xiaoxun Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalized Adaptive A* Xiaoxun Sun USC Computer Science Los Angeles, California xiaoxuns spaces changes. Adaptive A* [7] is a Cite as: Generalized Adaptive A*, Xiaoxun Sun, Sven Koenig

Yeoh, William

283

Generalized utility metrics for supercomputers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007:112 Generalized utility metrics for supercomputers 12.ISSUE PAPER Generalized utility metrics for supercomputersproblem of ranking the utility of supercom- puter systems

Strohmaier, Erich

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Number-phase uncertainty relations: Verification by balanced homodyne measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that fundamental uncertainty relations between photon number and canonical phase of a single-mode optical field can be verified by means of a balanced homodyne measurement. All the relevant quantities can be sampled directly from the measured phase-dependent quadrature distribution.

T. Opatrn; M. Dakna; D.-G. Welsch

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Single rotor turbine engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

There has been invented a turbine engine with a single rotor which cools the engine, functions as a radial compressor, pushes air through the engine to the ignition point, and acts as an axial turbine for powering the compressor. The invention engine is designed to use a simple scheme of conventional passage shapes to provide both a radial and axial flow pattern through the single rotor, thereby allowing the radial intake air flow to cool the turbine blades and turbine exhaust gases in an axial flow to be used for energy transfer. In an alternative embodiment, an electric generator is incorporated in the engine to specifically adapt the invention for power generation. Magnets are embedded in the exhaust face of the single rotor proximate to a ring of stationary magnetic cores with windings to provide for the generation of electricity. In this alternative embodiment, the turbine is a radial inflow turbine rather than an axial turbine as used in the first embodiment. Radial inflow passages of conventional design are interleaved with radial compressor passages to allow the intake air to cool the turbine blades.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Gas: A Neglected Phase in Remediation of Metals and Radionuclides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gas phase is generally ignored in remediation of metals and radionuclides because it is assumed that there is no efficient way to exploit it. In the literal sense, all remediations involve the gas phase because this phase is linked to the liquid and solid phases by vapor pressure and thermodynamic relationships. Remediation methods that specifically use the gas phase as a central feature have primarily targeted volatile organic contaminants, not metals and radionuclides. Unlike many organic contaminants, the vapor pressure and Henry's Law constants of metals and radionuclides are not generally conducive to direct air stripping of dissolved contaminants. Nevertheless, the gas phase can play an important role in remediation of inorganic contaminants and provide opportunities for efficient, cost effective remediation. The objective here is to explore ways in which manipulation of the gas phase can be used to facilitate remediation of metals and radionuclides.

Denham, Miles E.; Looney, Brian B

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

287

Phase transformations in engineering materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase transformations in engineering materials are inevitably related to mechanical behavior and are often precursors to residual stress and distortion. Neutron scattering in general is a valuable tool for studying their effects, and pulsed neutrons are of special value, because of the inherently comprehensive crystallographic coverage they provide in each measurement. At the Manuel Lujan neutron scattering center several different research programs have addressed the relationships between phase transformation/mechanical behavior and residual strains. Three disparate examples are presented; (1) stress induced transformation in a NiTi shape memory alloy, (2) cryogenically induced transformation in a quenched 5180 steel, and (3) time resolved evolution of strain induced martensite in 304 stainless steel. In each case a brief description of the principle result will be discussed in the context of using neutrons for the measurement.

Bourke, M.A.M.; Lawson, A.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Dunand, D.C. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Priesmeyer, H.G. [GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Formation of binary phase gratings in photopolymer-liquid crystal composites by a surface-controlled anisotropic phase separation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on formation of binary phase gratings in photopolymer-liquid crystal (PLC) composites using a surface-controlled phase separation method. The binary nature of the PLC phase gratings is produced by employing a single step photo-ablation through an amplitude photomask which precisely controls the interfacial interactions between the LC and the photopolymer on the alignment layer. A subsequent illumination of the ultraviolet light onto the whole PLC promotes an anisotropic phase separation resulting in the formation of distinct binary patterns for the PLC structure. The electrically tunable diffraction properties of the binary phase gratings are presented.

Park, Jae-Hong; Khoo, Iam Choon; Yu, Chang-Jae; Jung, Min-Sik; Lee, Sin-Doo [216 Electrical Engineering East, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); School of Electrical Engineering no. 32, Seoul National University, Kwanak P.O. Box 34, Seoul 151-600 (Korea, Republic of)

2005-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

289

Single atom as a macroscopic entanglement source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by many authors including the generation of entangled coherent state #3;1?3#4;, single photon and vacuum entanglement #3;4#4;, and two-atom entanglement #3;5#4;. More recently, generation of macroscopic entangled states via phase sensitive... cascade configuration crossing or trapped in a two-mode field cavity. The atomic level configuration is depicted in Fig. 1. The two atomic transitions #5;a#6;? #5;b#6; and #5;b#6;? #5;c#6; interact with the two cavity modes with detunings #1...

Zhou, Ling; Xiong, Han; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Phase Contours and Bootstraps. I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous work on phase contours is extended to include reaction amplitudes that have Regge behavior at high energies. General results are obtained on relations between resonance poles and surfaces of zeros of the collision amplitudes. These results depend on the symmetry properties of the amplitudes and on the nature of the dominant Regge trajectories and the dominant resonances. They are also affected by the spin of the colliding particles. Zeros of collision amplitudes can be located asymptotically from Regge formulas, and along certain symmetry lines they can be located at finite values of the energy variables by means of a narrow-resonance approximation. We relate the asymptotic zeros and these "symmetry" zeros by making a unitarity hypothesis. This leads to bootstrap conditions which are generalizations of the linear constraints contained in the Veneziano model.

Charles B. Chiu, Richard J. Eden, Michael B. Green, and Francoise Gurin

1969-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

291

Cover #3 Single Sheet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE/IG-0034 DOE/IG-0034 OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL SEMIANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS OCTOBER 1, 2003 - MARCH 31, 2004 April 29, 2004 The Honorable Spencer Abraham Secretary U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Dear Secretary Abraham: I am pleased to submit the Office of Inspector General's (OIG) Semiannual Report to Congress. This Report summarizes significant OIG activities and accomplishments during the 6-month period ending March 31, 2004. The Report reflects our continuing commitment to focus OIG efforts on the issues and concerns most critical to you, the Administration, and the Congress. In particular, it describes OIG accomplishments in identifying the most significant management challenges facing the Department. We look forward to working with you on matters of mutual interest.

292

Synthesis of alloys with controlled phase structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for preparing controlled phase alloys useful for engineering and hydrogen storage applications. This novel method avoids melting the constituents by employing vapor transport, in a hydrogen atmosphere, of an active metal constituent, having a high vapor pressure at temperatures .apprxeq.300 C. and its subsequent condensation on and reaction with the other constituent (substrate) of an alloy thereby forming a controlled phase alloy and preferably a single phase alloy. It is preferred that the substrate material be a metal powder such that diffusion of the active metal constituent, preferably magnesium, and reaction therewith can be completed within a reasonable time and at temperatures .apprxeq.300 C. thereby avoiding undesirable effects such as sintering, local compositional inhomogeneities, segregation, and formation of unwanted second phases such as intermetallic compounds.

Guthrie, Stephen Everett (Livermore, CA); Thomas, George John (Livermore, CA); Bauer, Walter (Livermore, CA); Yang, Nancy Yuan Chi (Lafayette, CA)

1999-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

293

Synthesis of alloys with controlled phase structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for preparing controlled phase alloys useful for engineering and hydrogen storage applications. This novel method avoids melting the constituents by employing vapor transport, in a hydrogen atmosphere, of an active metal constituent, having a high vapor pressure at temperatures {approx_equal}300 C and its subsequent condensation on and reaction with the other constituent (substrate) of an alloy thereby forming a controlled phase alloy and preferably a single phase alloy. It is preferred that the substrate material be a metal powder such that diffusion of the active metal constituent, preferably magnesium, and reaction therewith can be completed within a reasonable time and at temperatures {approx_equal}300 C thereby avoiding undesirable effects such as sintering, local compositional inhomogeneities, segregation, and formation of unwanted second phases such as intermetallic compounds. 4 figs.

Guthrie, S.E.; Thomas, G.J.; Bauer, W.; Yang, N.Y.C.

1999-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

294

Generalized Holographic Superconductors with Higher Derivative Couplings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce and study generalized holographic superconductors with higher derivative couplings between the field strength tensor and a complex scalar field, in four dimensional AdS black hole backgrounds. We study this theory in the probe limit, as well as with backreaction. There are multiple tuning parameters in the theory, and with two non-zero parameters, we show that the theory has a rich phase structure, and in particular, the transition from the normal to the superconducting phase can be tuned to be of first order or of second order within a window of one of these. This is established numerically as well as by computing the free energy of the boundary theory. We further present analytical results for the critical temperature of the model, and compare these with numerical analysis. Optical properties of this system are also studied numerically in the probe limit, and our results show evidence for negative refraction at low frequencies.

Anshuman Dey; Subhash Mahapatra; Tapobrata Sarkar

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

295

Single-Walle 4. Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications, carbon nanotube research is ac- tively being pursued in diverse areas including energy storage105 Single-Walle 4. Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Sebastien Nanot, Nicholas A. Thompson, Ji Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are hol- low, long cylinders with extremely large aspect ratios

Kono, Junichiro

296

The General Theory of Relativity - A  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Einstein's special theory of relativity addressed the problem of the invariant speed of light in vacuum by showing the interrelationship of space and time. The general theory of relativity showed how the shape of spacetime could explain the mechanism of gravity. A B C D E F A. Special Theory, General Theory Albert Einstein's most noted accomplishment is his theory of relativity. This theory was developed in two major stages. The first stage is known as the special theory of relativity. Its essential idea is that neither space nor time are absolute things, but relative things that depend on one's frame of reference, while the combination of space and time is a single, nonrelative entity, which remains the same regardless of one's frame of reference.

297

Phase-Transfer Catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In previous chapters we learned that a phase-transfer catalyst must have two particular chemical functions to be successful, that is, it must rapidly transfer one of the reactant species into the normal phase ...

Charles M. Starks; Charles L. Liotta; Marc E. Halpern

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Piecewise Linear Phase Transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown how simple assumptions lead to piecewise linear behavior, which is observed in certain phase transitions.

Joseph B. Keller

2007-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

299

General Employee Radiological Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE HANDBOOK GENERAL EMPLOYEE RADIOLOGICAL TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Not Measurement Sensitive This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 iii Foreword This Handbook describes an implementation process for core training as recommended in chapter 14, Radiation Safety Training, of Implementation Guide G44.1B, Radiation Protection Programs Guide, and as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control Standard [RCS - DOE-STD-1098-99, Ch. 1]. The Handbook is meant to assist those individuals

300

Teacher and General Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Argonne Argonne Science Project Ideas! Our Teacher and General Resources section provides you with online aids for learning about science, such as a tutorial of science equipment, as well as guides for the metric system. Please select any item below that interests you. Also, if you have an idea for a great teacher resource that we could share, please click our Ideas page. We would love to hear from you! Science Equipment Resources: Online Basic Laboratory Equipment Information An Introduction to Basic Laboratory Equipment All students need to know and understand the function of the equipment that they will be using in the science classroom. This exercise is to help students know a beaker from a bunsen burner! TSwift MB 3200 Microscope Online Tutorial Online Microscope Tutorial

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Ocean General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1. Definition of Subject The purpose of this text is to provide an introduction to aspects of oceanic general circulation models (OGCMs), an important component of Climate System or Earth System Model (ESM). The role of the ocean in ESMs is described in Chapter XX (EDITOR: PLEASE FIND THE COUPLED CLIMATE or EARTH SYSTEM MODELING CHAPTERS). The emerging need for understanding the Earths climate system and especially projecting its future evolution has encouraged scientists to explore the dynamical, physical, and biogeochemical processes in the ocean. Understanding the role of these processes in the climate system is an interesting and challenging scientific subject. For example, a research question how much extra heat or CO2 generated by anthropogenic activities can be stored in the deep ocean is not only scientifically interesting but also important in projecting future climate of the earth. Thus, OGCMs have been developed and applied to investigate the various oceanic processes and their role in the climate system.

Yoon, Jin-Ho; Ma, Po-Lun

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

302

United States Attorney General  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

93, 5 U.S. Op. Off. Legal Counsel 1, 1981 WL 30865 (U.S.A.G.) 93, 5 U.S. Op. Off. Legal Counsel 1, 1981 WL 30865 (U.S.A.G.) United States Attorney General ***1 *293 January 16, 1981 **1 The President The White House Washington, D.C. 20500 MY DEAR MR. PRESIDENT: You have asked my opinion concerning the scope of currently existing legal and constitutional authorities for the continuance of government functions during a temporary lapse in appropriations, such as the Government sustained on October 1, 1980. As you know, some initial determination concerning the extent of these authorities had to be made in the waning hours of the last fiscal year in order to avoid extreme administrative confusion that might have arisen from Congress' failure timely to enact 11 of the 13 anticipated regular appropriations bills, FN;B1[FN1]FN;F1 or a

303

Low temperature magnetic transitions of single crystal HoBi  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present resistivity, specific heat and magnetization measurements in high quality single crystals of HoBi, with a residual resistivity ratio of 126. We find, from the temperature and field dependence of the magnetization, an antiferromagnetic transition at 5.7 K, which evolves, under magnetic fields, into a series of up to five metamagnetic phases.

Fente, A. [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid; Suderow, H. [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid; Vieira, S. [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid; Nemes, N. M. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid; Garcia-Hernandez, M. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid; Budko, Sergei L. [Ames Laboratory; Canfield, Paul C. [Ames Laboratory

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

304

Hybrid Multilevel Inverter with Single DC Haiwen Liu1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Multilevel Inverter with Single DC Source Haiwen Liu1 , Leon M. Tolbert1, 2 , Burak Ozpineci Knoxville, TN 37932 3. Parker-Hannifin Corp. Olive Branch, MI 38654 Abstract- A hybrid multilevel inverter inverter (one leg for each phase) and H-bridge in series with each inverter leg. The inverter can be used

Tolbert, Leon M.

305

Strong extinction of a laser beam by a single molecule  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an experiment where a single molecule strongly affects the amplitude and phase of a laser field emerging from a subwavelength aperture. We achieve a visibility of -6% in direct and +10% in cross-polarized detection schemes. Our analysis shows that a close to full extinction should be possible using near-field excitation.

I. Gerhardt; G. Wrigge; P. Bushev; G. Zumofen; R. Pfab; V. Sandoghdar

2006-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

306

Generalized entropies in a turbulent dynamo simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simulation of hydromagnetic turbulence exhibiting dynamo action is employed to estimate the generalized entropies, Hq, from the distribution of moments of local expansion factors of material line elements. These generalized entropies can be used to characterize the dynamics of turbulence and of nonlinear dynamo action. The value of the metric entropy, H1, is comparable to the largest Lyapunov exponent describing the divergence of trajectories in phase space, which in turn is somewhat larger than the growth rate of the magnetic energy. The value of the topological entropy, H0, is similar to the conversion rate of kinetic to magnetic energy, but larger than the growth rate of the dynamo. This is in agreement with results stating that the growth rate of the kinematic dynamo is limited by the topological entropy. The dependence of Hq on q leads to a criterion from which we infer that the degree of intermittency in our particular system is weak.

Axel Brandenburg; Isaac Klapper; Jrgen Kurths

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Multimedia Phase-Spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamic phase-spaces are suggested as a way of designing and implementing interactive multimedia systems. A dynamic phase-space is a space of properties overlayed with dynamics. The space is decorated with multimedia resources such ... Keywords: catastrophe theory, dynamics, installation, interactive narrative, museums, phase-space

Peter Bgh Andersen

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Microsoft Word - 911160_0 CPA Phase 1 report _FINAL__rel.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 Revision 0 ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR THE NEXT GENERATION NUCLEAR PLANT (NGNP) WITH HYDROGEN PRODUCTION Final Report - NGNP Core Performance Analysis, Phase 1 Prepared by General...

309

Contact for the Assistant General Counsel for General Law (GC...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Sue Wadel, Deputy Assistant General Counsel 202-586-4040 sue.wadel@hq.doe.gov Isiah Smith Jr., Deputy Assistant General Counsel 202-586-6724 isiah.smith@hq.doe.gov Yvonne...

310

Single molecule fluorescence (the basics)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single molecule fluorescence (the basics) #12;light time light time No averaging, no need;knrkr S0 S1 Iph . . Iexc #12;Single molecule emitters #12;K. Brejc et.al., PNAS 94 (1997) 2306 1 nm glass, notch holographic, multidielectric,... #12;Optical schemes to detect single molecules Excitation

Ritort, Felix

311

Single-Nucleon Densities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Densities Densities This web page presents single-nucleon densities calculated for a variety of nuclei in the range A=2-10 with some preliminary results for A=11,12. These are from variational Monte Carlo calculations (VMC) using the Argonne v18 two-nucleon and Urbana X three-nucleon potentials (AV18+UX). (Urbana X is intermediate between the Urbana IX and Illinois-7 models; it has the form of UIX supplemented with a two-pion S-wave piece, while the strengths of its terms are taken from the IL7 model. It does NOT have the three-pion-ring term of IL7.) These VMC wave functions are the starting trial functions for a number of recent Green's function Monte Carlo (GFMC) calculations: Brida, et al., Phys. Rev. C 84, 024319 (2011); McCutchan, et al., Phys. Rev. C 86, 024315 (2012);

312

Fig. 1: (a) Conventional dual-pump degenerate PSA using a straight HNLF: phase regeneration effect varies with polarization alignment between BPSK signal and two phase-locked pumps. (b) Polarization-diversity PSA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fig. 1: (a) Conventional dual-pump degenerate PSA using a straight HNLF: phase regeneration effect varies with polarization alignment between BPSK signal and two phase-locked pumps. (b) Polarization. Pump 2Signal Pump 1 HNLF Impaired by phase noise I Q Single-polarization BPSK signal Pump1 (Phase

Touch, Joe

313

Generalized Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi solutions with pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilizing the ADM equations, we derive a metric and reduced field equations describing a general, spherically symmetric perfect fluid. The metric describes both the interior perfect fluid region and exterior vacuum Schwarzschild spacetime in a single coordinate patch. The exterior spacetime is in generalized Painleve-Gullstrand coordinates which is an infinite class of coordinate systems. In the static limit the system reduces to a Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation on the interior with the exterior in Schwarzschild coordinates. We show the coordinate transformation for the nonstatic cases to comoving coordinates, where the metric is seen to be a direct generalization of the Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi spacetime to include pressures.

Lasky, P. D.; Lun, A. W. C. [Centre for Stellar and Planetary Astrophysics School of Mathematical Sciences, Monash University Wellington Rd, Melbourne 3800 (Australia)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

SIC (MUltiple SIgnal Classification) CSP (Cross-power Spectrum Phase)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2ch CSP ( ) 1 MU- SIC (MUltiple SIgnal Classification) CSP (Cross- power Spectrum Phase) [1, 2, 3, 4] [5, 6] [7, 8, 9, 10] [7] CSP CSP [8] [9] CSP [10] Estimation of talker's head orientation based (Kobe univ.) [11] 2ch CSP CSP CSP CSP 2 CSP GCC-PHAT (Generalized Cross- Correlation PHAse Transform

Takiguchi, Tetsuya

315

Biobjective optimization for general oil field development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The optimization of oil field development and production planning typically requires the consideration of multiple, possibly conflicting, objectives. For example, in a waterflooding project, we might seek to maximize oil recovery and minimize water injection. It is therefore important to devise and test optimization procedures that consider two or more objectives in the determination of optimal development and production plans. In this work we present an approach for field development optimization with two objectives. A single-objective product formulation, which systematically combines the two objectives in a sequence of single-objective optimization problems, is applied. The method, called BiPSOMADS, utilizes at its core our recently developed PSOMADS (Particle Swarm OptimizationMesh Adaptive Direct Search) hybrid optimization algorithm. This derivative-free procedure has been shown to be effective for the solution of generalized field development and well control problems that include categorical, discrete and continuous variables along with general (nonlinear) constraints. Four biobjective field development and well control examples are solved using BiPSOMADS. These examples include problems that consider the maximization of both net present value and cumulative oil production, and the maximization of both long-term and short-term reservoir performance. An example that highlights the applicability of biobjective optimization for field development under geological uncertainty is also presented. This usage of BiPSOMADS enables us to maximize expected reservoir performance while reducing the risk associated with the worst-case scenario.

Obiajulu J. Isebor; Louis J. Durlofsky

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Chapter 22 - General Concepts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The term Electronic Design Automation (EDA) refers to the tools that are used to design and verify integrated circuits (ICs), printed circuit boards (PCBs), and electronic systems, in general. Over time, these early computer-aided drafting tools evolved into interactive programs that performed integrated circuit layout. Other companies like Racal-Redac, SCI-Cards, and Telesis created equivalent layout programs for printed circuit boards. These integrated circuit and circuit board layout programs became known as Computer-Aided Design (CAD) tools. The companies promoting front-end tools for schematic capture and simulation classed them as Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE). The term automation refers to the ability for end-users to augment, customize, and drive the capabilities of electronic design and verification tools by means of a scripting language and associated support utilities. There are a wide variety of programming languages available, butexcepting specialist application areasthe most commonly used by far are traditional C and its object-oriented offspring, C++. A gate-level netlist refers to a circuit representation at the level of individual logic gates, registers, and other simple functions. The netlist will also specify the connections (wires) between the various gates and functions. A component-level netlist refers to a circuit representation at the level of individual components. System programming languages such as C, C++, and Java are designed to allow programmers to build data structures, algorithms, andultimatelyapplications from the ground up.

Clive Max Maxfield

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

QCD Phase Transitions, Volume 15  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The title of the workshop, ''The QCD Phase Transitions'', in fact happened to be too narrow for its real contents. It would be more accurate to say that it was devoted to different phases of QCD and QCD-related gauge theories, with strong emphasis on discussion of the underlying non-perturbative mechanisms which manifest themselves as all those phases. Before we go to specifics, let us emphasize one important aspect of the present status of non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory in general. It remains true that its studies do not get attention proportional to the intellectual challenge they deserve, and that the theorists working on it remain very fragmented. The efforts to create Theory of Everything including Quantum Gravity have attracted the lion share of attention and young talent. Nevertheless, in the last few years there was also a tremendous progress and even some shift of attention toward emphasis on the unity of non-perturbative phenomena. For example, we have seen some efforts to connect the lessons from recent progress in Supersymmetric theories with that in QCD, as derived from phenomenology and lattice. Another example is Maldacena conjecture and related development, which connect three things together, string theory, super-gravity and the (N=4) supersymmetric gauge theory. Although the progress mentioned is remarkable by itself, if we would listen to each other more we may have chance to strengthen the field and reach better understanding of the spectacular non-perturbative physics.

Schaefer, T.; Shuryak, E.

1999-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

318

How to generalize an information technology case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Case studies are a valuable way to look at the world around us and have been gaining special importance in the last years in the information technology area. However, some problems, as for example the lack of rigor or the dependency of a single case ... Keywords: IS, IT, cast study, generalization, organizational context, patterns

Rben Pereira; Rafael Almeida; Miguel Mira da Silva

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

nasa Office Of Inspector General  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nasa Office Of Inspector General S E m I A N N u A L r E P O r T october 1, 2010­march 31, 2011 #12;#12;FROM THE INSPECTOR GENERAL In January 2011, the NASA Office of Inspector General (OIG) took the unusual step of sending a letter to the Chairs and Ranking Members of NASA's congressional oversight

Christian, Eric

320

Decoherence effects in Bose-Einstein condensate interferometry. I General Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present paper outlines a basic theoretical treatment of decoherence and dephasing effects in interferometry based on single component BEC in double potential wells, where two condensate modes may be involved. Results for both two mode condensates and the simpler single mode condensate case are presented. A hybrid phase space distribution functional method is used where the condensate modes are described via a truncated Wigner representation, and the basically unoccupied non-condensate modes are described via a positive P representation. The Hamiltonian for the system is described in terms of quantum field operators for the condensate and non-condensate modes. The functional Fokker-Planck equation for the double phase space distribution functional is derived. Equivalent Ito stochastic equations for the condensate and non-condensate fields that replace the field operators are obtained, and stochastic averages of products of these fields give the quantum correlation functions used to interpret interferometry experiments. The stochastic field equations are the sum of a deterministic term obtained from the drift vector in the functional Fokker-Planck equation, and a noise field whose stochastic properties are determined from the diffusion matrix in the functional Fokker-Planck equation. The noise field stochastic properties are similar to those for Gaussian-Markov processes in that the stochastic averages of odd numbers of noise fields are zero and those for even numbers of noise field terms are sums of products of stochastic averages associated with pairs of noise fields. However each pair is represented by an element of the diffusion matrix rather than products of the noise fields themselves. The treatment starts from a generalised mean field theory for two condensate mode. The generalized mean field theory solutions are needed for calculations using the Ito stochastic field equations.

B. J. Dalton

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A Network Model for The Genesis and Migration of Gas Phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Network Model for The Genesis and Migration of Gas Phase Koukung Alex Chang and W. Brent, of a compositional fluid consisting of water with a dissolved hydrocarbon gas. The model captures both single phase 99% of the (effectively) stored CO2 resides in the liquid phase. Key Words: network model, gas

New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

322

Structure of high-temperature nickel alloy ZhS36VI for single-crystal blades of high-pressure turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fine structure, phase composition, and segregation inhomogeneity of carbonless single-crystal rhenium-alloyed alloy ZhS36VI in cast and heat-treated conditions are studied. The structural and phase stabili...

V. P. Kuznetsov; V. P. Lesnikov; E. V. Moroz

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Generalization of Some Algebras in the Bosonic String Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We assume that the total target phase space is non-commutative. This leads to the generalization of the oscillator-algebra of the string, and the corresponding Virasoso algebra. The effects of this non-commutativity on some string states will be studied.

Seyed Sina ShahidZadeh Mousavi

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

324

NGNP PHASE I REVIEW  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REVIEW REVIEW NEAC REACTOR TECHNOLOGY SUBCOMMITTEE FINAL REPORT JUNE 15, 2011 EPACT 2005 REQUIREMENTS * FIRST PROJECT PHASE REVIEW-On a determination by the Secretary that the appropriate activities under the first project phase under subsection (b)(1) are nearly complete, the Secretary shall request the NERAC to conduct a comprehensive review of the Project and to report to the Secretary the recommendation of the NERAC concerning whether the Project is ready to proceed to the second project phase under subsection (b)(2) NGNP PROJECT PHASES (1) FIRST PHASE.-A first project phase shall be conducted to- (A) select and validate the appropriate technology under subsection (a)(1); (B) carry out enabling research, development, and demonstration activities on technologies and components under

325

Static Single Information Form C. Scott Ananian and Martin Rinard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Static Single Information Form C. Scott Ananian and Martin Rinard Laboratory for Computer Science#12;cantly optimize the program. Furthermore, we be- lieve that SSI form signi#12;cantly simpli#12;ed data ow analyses as a at, uni#12;ed system of constraints. This formulation allows us to generalize

Ananian, C. Scott

326

Insights from first principles molecular dynamics studies toward infrared multiple-photon and single-photon action spectroscopy: Case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­35 condensed phase,43­46 and gas-phase cluster chemistry.1,6,8­11,21,22,24­26 Experimental studies techniques accurately capture the effects of conformational sampling, adequately reproduce both spectra11,30 and the infrared multiple-photon dissocia- tion7,10,47­50 IRMPD approach. Both gas phase single

Iyengar, Srinivasan S.

327

hal-00831721,version1-7Jun2013 ent material phases is an appropriate and convenient tool for modelling the phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the general nonlinear theory of shells with an account of occurence of phase transformation in the shell for modelling the phase interface in thin-walled shell structures. It is surprising, however, that we are not aware of any complete theoretical model of phase transitions in shells proposed in the literature

Boyer, Edmond

328

Holographic Magnetic Phase Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study four-dimensional interacting fermions in a strong magnetic field, using the holographic Sakai-Sugimoto model of intersecting D4 and D8 branes in the deconfined, chiral-symmetric parallel phase. We find that as the magnetic field is varied, while staying in the parallel phase, the fermions exhibit a first-order phase transition in which their magnetization jumps discontinuously. Properties of this transition are consistent with a picture in which some of the fermions jump to the lowest Landau level. Similarities to known magnetic phase transitions are discussed.

Gilad Lifschytz; Matthew Lippert

2009-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

329

Degenerate Metric Phase Boundaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The structure of boundaries between degenerate and nondegenerate solutions of Ashtekar's canonical reformulation of Einstein's equations is studied. Several examples are given of such "phase boundaries" in which the metric is degenerate on one side of a null hypersurface and non-degenerate on the other side. These include portions of flat space, Schwarzschild, and plane wave solutions joined to degenerate regions. In the last case, the wave collides with a planar phase boundary and continues on with the same curvature but degenerate triad, while the phase boundary continues in the opposite direction. We conjecture that degenerate phase boundaries are always null.

Ingemar Bengtsson; Ted Jacobson

1999-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

330

During Phase 3, WIPP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

UPDATE: April 14, 2014 Phase 3 activities begin Two teams re-entered the WIPP underground facility on Saturday, moving closer to suspected location of the February 14...

331

NGNP PHASE I REVIEW  

Energy Savers [EERE]

and start up operations of the prototype nuclear reactor and its associated hydrogen or electricity production facilities. Scope of Work for Review * Review Phase I reports in...

332

Kinetics of phase transitions in weakly segregated block copolymers: Pseudostable and transient states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the kinetics of order-disorder and order-order transitions in weakly segregated diblock copolymers using a time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) approach. In particular, we investigate the microstructural change as well as the order-parameter evolution after a sudden temperature jump from one phase to another. Direct numerical simulation of the TDGL equations shows that depending on the extent of the temperature jump, these transitions often occur in several stages and can involve nontrivial intermediate states. For example, we find that transition from the lamellar phase to the hexagonal cylinder phase goes through a perforated lamellar state within a certain temperature range. The numerical results are elucidated by a multimode analysis under the single-wave-number approximation. The analysis reveals that the geometric characteristics of the free energy surface, particularly saddle points and ridgelike features, are responsible for the nontrivial intermediate states on the kinetic pathways. On the basis of this analysis, a generalized kinetic ``phase diagram'' is constructed, which is able to account for all the different scenarios observed in the numerical simulation. Our results are discussed in connection with available experimental observations. In particular, we suggest the possibility that the perforated-modulated lamellar structures obtained by Bates and co-workers [I. W. Hamley, K. A. Koppi, J. H. Rosedale, F. S. Bates, K. Almdal, and K. Mortensen, Macromolecules 26, 5959 (1993); S. Frster, A. K. Khandpur, J. Zhao, F. S. Bates, I. W. Hamley, A. J. Ryan, and W. Bras, Macromolecules 27, 6922 (1994)] may be kinetic, intermediate states rather than new equilibrium phases.

Shuyan Qi and Zhen-Gang Wang

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Single-Molecule Studies of Gene Expression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

material for the single-molecule transcription experimentsGeometry for the single-molecule assay of bare DNAgeometry for the single-molecule translation assay .

Hodges, Hamilton Courtney

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Fluorescence, Single-Molecule Microscope | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Single-Molecule Microscope Fluorescence, Single-Molecule Microscope The single-molecule optical microscope is designed to study complex reaction dynamics such as enzymatic...

335

Nanometer Resolution Imaging by SIngle Molecule Switching. |...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nanometer Resolution Imaging by SIngle Molecule Switching. Nanometer Resolution Imaging by SIngle Molecule Switching. Abstract: The fluorescence intensity of single molecules can...

336

High Throughput Single Molecule Investigation of Transcription  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

genomic DNA based on single-molecule detection. Analyticalmapping: a novel, single- molecule approach to genomic2011). High-throughput single-molecule optofluidic analysis.

Kim, Soohong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Single Top production at LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Production of single top quarks at LHC provides an ideal framework to investigate the properties of electroweak interaction, in particular of the {\\it tWb} coupling. Moreover, single top is a powerful mean to identify physics beyond the standard model. All three different production mechanisms of single top are expected to be observed at LHC. Recent studies from ATLAS and CMS are presented.

M. Mohammadi Najafabadi

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

338

PHASE BEHAVIOR OF LIGHT GASES IN HYDROGEN AND AQUEOUS SOLVENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under previous support from the US Department of Energy, an experimental facility has been established and operated to measure valuable vapor-liquid equilibrium data for systems of interest in the production and processing of coal fluids. To facilitate the development and testing of models for prediction of the phase behavior for such systems, we have acquired substantial amounts of data on the equilibrium phase compositions for binary mixtures of heavy hydrocarbon solvents with a variety of supercritical solutes, including hydrogen, methane, ethane, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide. The present project focuses on measuring the phase behavior of light gases and water in Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) type solvents at conditions encountered in indirect liquefaction processes and evaluating and developing theoretically-based correlating frameworks to predict the phase behavior of such systems. Specific goals of the proposed work include (a) developing a state-of-the-art experimental facility to permit highly accurate measurements of equilibrium phase compositions (solubilities) of challenging F-T systems, (b) measuring these properties for systematically-selected binary, ternary and molten F-T wax mixtures to provide critically needed input data for correlation development, (c) developing and testing models suitable for describing the phase behavior of such mixtures, and (d) presenting the modeling results in generalized, practical formats suitable for use in process engineering calculations. During the present reporting period, the solubilities of hydrogen in n-hexane, carbon monoxide in cyclohexane, and nitrogen in phenanthrene and pyrene were measured using a static equilibrium cell over the temperature range from 344.3 to 433.2 K and pressures to 22.8 MPa. The uncertainty in these new solubility measurements is estimated to be less than 0.001 in mole fraction. The data were analyzed using the Peng-Robinson (PR) equation of state (EOS). In general, the PR EOS represents the experimental data well when a single interaction parameter (C{sub ij}) is used for each isotherm. In addition, the predictive capability of the modified Park-Gasem-Robinson (PGR) equation of state (EOS) was evaluated for selected carbon dioxide + normal paraffins, ethane + normal paraffins, and hydrogen + normal paraffins. A set of mixing rules was proposed for the modified EOS to extend its predictive capabilities to mixtures. The predicted bubble point pressures for the ethane + n-paraffin and carbon dioxide + n-paraffin binaries were compared to those of the Peng-Robinson (PR), simplified-perturbed-hard-chain theory (SPHCT) and original PGR equations. The predictive capability of the proposed equation is better or comparable to the PR, SPHCT and original PGR equations of state for the ethane binaries (%AAD of 1.9) and carbon dioxide binaries (%AAD of 2.0). For the hydrogen binaries, the modified PGR EOS showed much better performance (%AAD of 1.7) than the original PGR equation and comparable to the PR equation.

KHALED A.M. GASEM; ROBERT L. ROBINSON, JR.

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

339

BCS-BEC crossovers and unconventional phases in dilute nuclear matter. II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the phase diagram of isospin-asymmetrical nuclear matter in the density-temperature plane, allowing for four competing phases of nuclear matter: (i) the unpaired phase, (ii) the translationally and rotationally symmetric, but isospin-asymmetrical BCS condensate, (iii) the current-carrying Larkin-Ovchinnikov-Fulde-Ferrell phase, and (iv) the heterogeneous phase-separated phase. The phase diagram of nuclear matter composed of these phases features two tri-critical points in general, as well as crossovers from the asymmetrical BCS phase to a BEC of deuterons plus a neutron gas, both for the homogeneous superfluid phase (at high temperatures) and for the heterogeneous phase (at low temperatures). The BCS-BEC type crossover in the condensate occurs as the density is reduced. We analyze in detail some intrinsic properties of these phases, including the Cooper-pair wave function, the coherence length, the occupation numbers of majority and minority nucleonic components, and the dispersion relations of quasi...

Stein, Martin; Huang, Xu-Guang; Clark, John W

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Armenia; Australia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso African convention on the conservation of nature and natural resources March 25, 1957 General Belgium

Wolf, Aaron

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

OLEDS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this program was to reduce the long term technical risks that were keeping the lighting industry from embracing and developing organic light-emitting diode (OLED) technology for general illumination. The specific goal was to develop OLEDs for lighting to the point where it was possible to demonstrate a large area white light panel with brightness and light quality comparable to a fluorescence source and with an efficacy comparable to that of an incandescent source. it was recognized that achieving this would require significant advances in three area: (1) the improvement of white light quality for illumination, (2) the improvement of OLED energy efficiency at high brightness, and (3) the development of cost-effective large area fabrication techniques. The program was organized such that, each year, a ''deliverable'' device would be fabricated which demonstrated progress in one or more of the three critical research areas. In the first year (2001), effort concentrated on developing an OLED capable of generating high illumination-quality white light. Ultimately, a down-conversion method where a blue OLED was coupled with various down-conversion layers was chosen. Various color and scattering models were developed to aid in material development and device optimization. The first year utilized this approach to deliver a 1 inch x 1 inch OLED with higher illumination-quality than available fluorescent sources. A picture of this device is shown and performance metrics are listed. To their knowledge, this was the first demonstration of true illumination-quality light from an OLED. During the second year, effort concentrated on developing a scalable approach to large area devices. A novel device architecture consisting of dividing the device area into smaller elements that are monolithically connected in series was developed. In the course of this development, it was realized that, in addition to being scalable, this approach made the device tolerant to the most common OLED defect--electrical shorts. This architecture enabled the fabrication of a 6 inch x 6 inch OLED deliverable for 2002. A picture of this deliverable is shown and the performance metrics are listed. At the time, this was the highest efficiency, highest lumen output illumination-quality OLED in existence. The third year effort concentrated on improving the fabrication yield of the 6 inch x 6 inch devices and improving the underlying blue device efficiency. An efficiency breakthrough was achieved through the invention of a new device structure such that now 15 lumen per watt devices could be fabricated. A 2 feet x 2 feet OLED panel consisting of sixteen 6 inch x 6 inch high efficiency devices tiled together was then fabricated. Pictures of this panel are shown with performance metrics listed. This panel met all project objectives and was the final deliverable for the project. It is now the highest efficiency, highest lumen output, illumination-quality OLED in existence.

Anil Duggal; Don Foust; Chris Heller; Bill Nealon; Larry Turner; Joe Shiang; Nick Baynes; Tim Butler; Nalin Patel

2004-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

342

EMSL - Single Particle Laser Ablation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

single-particle-laser-ablation en Effect of Solar Radiation on the Optical Properties and Molecular Composition of Laboratory Proxies of Atmospheric Brown Carbon http:...

343

Nanochannel based single molecule recycling.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Single molecule fluorescence measurements provide detailed information about sub-populations, transition intermediates and kinetic data for systems that are not able to be synchronized by removing (more)

Lesoine, John Frederick (1980 - )

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Three phase AC motor controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A motor controller for a three phase AC motor (10) which is adapted to operate bidirectionally from signals received either from a computer (30) or a manual control (32). The controller is comprised of digital logic circuit means which implement a forward and reverse command signal channel (27, 29) for the application of power through the forward and reverse power switching relays (16, 18, 20, 22). The digital logic elements are cross coupled to prevent activation of both channels simultaneously and each includes a plugging circuit (65, 67) for stopping the motor upon the removal of control signal applied to one of the two channels (27, 29) for a direction of rotation desired. Each plugging circuit (65, 67) includes a one-shot pulse signal generator (88, 102) which outputs a single pulse signal of predetermined pulsewidth which is adapted to inhibit further operation of the application of power in the channel which is being activated and to apply a reversal command signal to the other channel which provides a reversed phase application of power to the motor for a period defined by the pulse-width output of the one-shot signal generator to plug the motor (10) which will then be inoperative until another rotational command signal is applied to either of the two channels.

Vuckovich, Michael (Elizabeth, PA); Wright, Maynard K. (Bethel Park, PA); Burkett, John P. (South Huntington Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

1984-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

345

A Phase Odyssey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We are introduced to the effects of phase from the earliest days of our childhood, from the nursery rhyme above (or its less verbose for 'Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star') to the shimmer over a hot road and the network of bright lines at the bottom of a swimming pool. These are all manifestations of phase. And there are many more.

Nugent, K.A.; Paganin, D.; Gureyev, T.E. (Melbourne)

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

346

Electrical heating of soils using high efficiency electrode patterns and power phases  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Powerline-frequency electrical (joule) heating of soils using a high efficiency electrode configuration and power phase arrangement. The electrode configuration consists of several heating or current injection electrodes around the periphery of a volume of soil to be heated, all electrodes being connected to one phase of a multi-phase or a single-phase power system, and a return or extraction electrode or electrodes located inside the volume to be heated being connected to the remaining phases of the multi-phase power system or to the neutral side of the single-phase power source. This electrode configuration and power phase arrangement can be utilized anywhere where powerline frequency soil heating is applicable and thus has many potential uses including removal of volatile organic compounds such as gasoline and tricholorethylene (TCE) from contaminated areas.

Buettner, Harley M. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

CPFFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 20 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

348

EFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 26 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2 AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Apr 2013) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

349

EFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 39 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2 AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Apr 2013) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

350

AES Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 18 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

351

SFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 16 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

352

A study of generalized inverses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY OF GENERALIZED INVERSES A Thesis by NANCY LEE MCKINNEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1973 Major Subject: Mathematics A... STUDY OF GENERALIZED INVERSES A Thesis by NANCY LEE MCKINNEY Approved as to style and content by: airman o ittee Hea o epartment e er Me er August 1973 ABSTRACT A Study of Generalized Inverses. (August 1973) Nancy Lee NcKinney, B. A...

McKinney, Nancy Lee

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

SFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 29 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

354

Extremality conditions for generalized channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A generalized channel is a completely positive map that preserves trace on a given subspace. We find conditions under which a generalized channel with respect to a positively generated subspace J is an extreme point in the set of all such generalized channels. As a special case, this yields extremality conditions for quantum protocols. In particular, we obtain new extremality conditions for quantum 1-testers with 2 outcomes, which correspond to yes/no measurements on the set of quantum channels.

Anna Jencova

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

355

ARM - Measurement - Hydrometeor phase  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

phase phase ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hydrometeor phase Hydrometeor phase such as liquid ice or mixed phase Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Value-Added Products VISST : Minnis Cloud Products Using Visst Algorithm (Process) VISSTPX04G08V2MINNIS : VISST-derived pixel-level products from satellite GOES8, version 2 VISSTPX04G08V3MINNIS : VISST-derived pixel-level products from satellite GOES8, version 3

356

Phase Separation Dynamics in Isotropic Ion-Intercalation Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithium-ion batteries exhibit complex nonlinear dynamics, resulting from diffusion and phase transformations coupled to ion intercalation reactions. Using the recently developed Cahn-Hilliard reaction (CHR) theory, we investigate a simple mathematical model of ion intercalation in a spherical solid nanoparticle, which predicts transitions from solid-solution radial diffusion to two-phase shrinking-core dynamics. This general approach extends previous Li-ion battery models, which either neglect phase separation or postulate a spherical shrinking-core phase boundary, by predicting phase separation only under appropriate circumstances. The effect of the applied current is captured by generalized Butler-Volmer kinetics, formulated in terms of diffusional chemical potentials, and the model consistently links the evolving concentration profile to the battery voltage. We examine sources of charge/discharge asymmetry, such as asymmetric charge transfer and surface "wetting" by ions within the solid, which can lead to...

Zeng, Yi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Singularities of Generalized Parton Distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The basic ideas of the theory of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) are reviewed. Recent developments in the study of singularities of GPDs are discussed.

Anatoly Radyushkin

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

358

Singularities of Generalized Parton Distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Progress of recent work on modeling generalized parton distributions is given. Special attention was paid to study of their singularities structure.

Radyushkin, Anatoly V. [JLAB, Old Dominion U.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Ensemble Single Column  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ensemble Single Column Modelling (ESCM) in the Tropical Western Pacific Ensemble Single Column Modelling (ESCM) in the Tropical Western Pacific Hume, Timothy Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre Jakob, Christian BMRC Single column models (SCMs) are useful tools for the evaluation of parameterisations of radiative and moist processes used in general circulation models. Most SCM studies to date have concentrated on regions where there is a sufficiently dense observational network to derive the required forcing data, such as the Southern Great Plains. This poster describes an ensemble single column modelling (ESCM) approach, where an ensemble of SCM forcing data sets are derived from numerical weather prediction (NWP) analyses. The technique is applied to SCM runs at the Manus Island and Nauru ARM sites in the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP). It

360

Phase Contours and Bootstraps. II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phase-contour method is applied to reactions of the types PP?PP, PP?PV, and PP?PT, where P, V, and T denote, respectively, the pseudoscalar mesons ?, ?, K; the vector mesons ?, ?, K*; and the tensor mesons A2, f0, K**. Relations are obtained between zeros of the collision amplitudes and the resonance poles associated with the appropriate Regge trajectories. In a narrow-resonance approximation, and with a unitarity hypothesis that relates certain residue zeros and symmetry zeros of a collision amplitude, bootstrap constraints, which are generalizations of the Veneziano constraint, are obtained on the trajectory functions. A number of other ways of deriving these constraints are discussed. These constraints are then studied for all allowed meson reactions of the types noted above, and are compared with data on the Regge parameters that have been obtained from experiment.

Charles B. Chiu, Richard J. Eden, and Michael B. Green

1969-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Quantitative biology of single neurons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1930-1931. 25 Pawley, J. B. 2006 Handbook of biological confocal microscopy. New...NY: Springer. 26 Grupen, C. 2011 Handbook of particle detection and imaging. New...biological systems are single cells. Fundamental insights gained from single-cell analysis...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Fermi-Energy-Dependent Structural Deformation of Chiral Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we use an extended tight-binding approach for calculating the Fermi-energy dependence of the structural deformation of chiral single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). We show that, in general, nanotube strains ...

Vieira, Bruno G.?M.

363

Wind Speed Dependence of Single-Site Wave-Height Retrievals from High-Frequency Radars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wave-height observations derived from single-site high-frequency (HF) radar backscattered Doppler spectra are generally recognized to be less accurate than overlapping radar techniques but can provide significantly larger sampling regions. The ...

Brian K. Haus; Lynn K. Shay; Paul A. Work; George Voulgaris; Rafael J. Ramos; Jorge Martinez-Pedraja

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

A practical guide to single-molecule FRET Rahul Roy1,2, Sungchul Hohng3 & Taekjip Ha1,2,4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A practical guide to single-molecule FRET Rahul Roy1,2, Sungchul Hohng3 & Taekjip Ha1,2,4 Single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) is one of the most general and adaptable single-molecule to using smFRET, focusing on the study of immobilized molecules that allow measurements of single-molecule

Hohng, Sung Chul

365

Electrochemical Quantification of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quantification of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Using Nanoparticle Probes. Electrochemical Quantification of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Using Nanoparticle Probes. Abstract:...

366

Free Energy Functionals for Efficient Phase Field Crystal Modeling of Structural Phase Transformations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phase field crystal (PFC) method is a promising technique for modeling materials with atomic resolution on mesoscopic time scales. While numerically more efficient than classical density functional theory (CDFT), its single mode free energy limits the complexity of structural transformations that can be simulated. We introduce a new PFC model inspired by CDFT, which uses a systematic construction of two-particle correlation functions that allows for a broad class of structural transformations. Our approach considers planar spacings, lattice symmetries, planar atomic densities, and atomic vibrational amplitudes in the unit cell, and parameterizes temperature and anisotropic surface energies. The power of our approach is demonstrated by two examples of structural phase transformations.

Michael Greenwood; Nikolas Provatas; Jrg Rottler

2010-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

367

Implementation of controlled phase shift gates and Collins version of Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm on a quadrupolar spin-7/2 nucleus using non-adiabatic geometric phases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work Controlled phase shift gates are implemented on a qaudrupolar system, by using non-adiabatic geometric phases. A general procedure is given, for implementing controlled phase shift gates in an 'N' level system. The utility of such controlled phase shift gates, is demonstrated here by implementing 3-qubit Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm on a 7/2 quadrupolar nucleus oriented in a liquid crystal matrix.

T. Gopinath; Anil Kumar

2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

368

Generalized Superconductors and Holographic Optics - II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using linear response theory, we analyze optical response properties of generalized holographic superconductors, in AdS-Schwarzschild and single R-charged black hole backgrounds in four dimensions. By introducing momentum dependent vector mode perturbations, the response functions for these systems are studied numerically, including the effects of backreaction. This complements and completes the probe limit analysis for these backgrounds initiated in our previous work ({\\tt arXiv : 1305.6273}). Our numerical analysis indicates a negative Depine-Lakhtakia index for both the backgrounds studied, at low enough frequencies. The dependence of the response functions on the backreaction parameter and the model parameters are established and analyzed with respect to similar backgrounds in five dimensions.

Subhash Mahapatra

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

369

Current Trends in General Psychology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE programme for the morning session on August 9 of Section J (Psychology) of the British Association consisted of three papers discussing tendencies in general ... ) of the British Association consisted of three papers discussing tendencies in general psychology. The discussion presents certain difficulties to anyone attempting to summarize it, in that the ...

J. DREVER

1951-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

370

NASA OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NASA OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL SEMIANNUAL REPORT October 1, 2012­March 31, 2013 #12;A-3 Rocket 9 rocket lifts off from Cape Canaveral NASA's Curiosity rover on the Martian surface The Sun captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory #12;October 1, 2012­March 31, 2013 FROM THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

371

Generalized Transforms and Special Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the properties of different type of transforms by means of operational methods and discuss the relevant interplay with many families of special functions. We consider in particular the binomial transform and its generalizations. A general method, based on the use of the Fourier transform technique, is proposed for the study of the properties of functions of operators.

G. Dattoli; E. Sabia

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

372

Friction forces on phase transition fronts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In cosmological first-order phase transitions, the microscopic interaction of the phase transition fronts with non-equilibrium plasma particles manifests itself macroscopically as friction forces. In general, it is a nontrivial problem to compute these forces, and only two limits have been studied, namely, that of very slow walls and, more recently, ultra-relativistic walls which run away. In this paper we consider ultra-relativistic velocities and show that stationary solutions still exist when the parameters allow the existence of runaway walls. Hence, we discuss the necessary and sufficient conditions for the fronts to actually run away. We also propose a phenomenological model for the friction, which interpolates between the non-relativistic and ultra-relativistic values. Thus, the friction depends on two friction coefficients which can be calculated for specific models. We then study the velocity of phase transition fronts as a function of the friction parameters, the thermodynamic parameters, and the amount of supercooling.

Mgevand, Ariel, E-mail: megevand@mdp.edu.ar [IFIMAR (CONICETUNMdP), Departamento de Fsica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, UNMdP, Den Funes 3350, (7600) Mar del Plata (Argentina)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Program predicts two-phase pressure gradients  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The calculator program discussed, ORK, was designed for the HP-41CV hand-held calculator and uses the Orkiszewski correlation for predicting 2-phase pressure gradients in vertical tubulars. Accurate predictions of pressure gradients in flowing and gas lift wells over a wide range of well conditions can be obtained with this method, which was developed based on data from 148 wells. The correlation is one of the best generalized 2-phase pressure gradient prediction methods developed to date for vertical flow. It is unique in that hold-up is derived from observed physical phenomena, and the pressure gradient is related to the geometrical distribution of the liquid and gas phase (flow regime).

Jacks, D.C.; Hill, A.D.

1983-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

374

Comparison of Statistical Analysis Plans in Randomize-All Phase III Trials with a Predictive Biomarker  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...statistical analysis plans in randomize-all phase...case where established standard treatments are already...generally advisable to plan for randomize-all phase...T. Nonaka Writing, review, and/or revision of...statistical analysis plans for randomize-all phase...

Shigeyuki Matsui; Yuki Choai; and Takahiro Nonaka

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Journal of Statistical Physics, VoL 33, No. 1, 1983 Surface Tension and Phase Coexistence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Statistical Physics, VoL 33, No. 1, 1983 Surface Tension and Phase Coexistence investigate the surface tension between coexisting phases of general discrete lattice systems. In particular the different phases need not be connected by any symmetry, We prove the positivity of the surface tension

Lebowitz, Joel

376

General conditions for quantum adiabatic evolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Adiabaticity occurs when, during its evolution, a physical system remains in the instantaneous eigenstate of the Hamiltonian. Unfortunately, existing results, such as the quantum adiabatic theorem based on a slow down evolution [H({epsilon}t),{epsilon}{yields}0], are insufficient to describe an evolution driven by the Hamiltonian H(t) itself. Here we derive general criteria and exact bounds, for the state and its phase, ensuring an adiabatic evolution for any Hamiltonian H(t). As a corollary, we demonstrate that the commonly used condition of a slow Hamiltonian variation rate, compared to the spectral gap, is indeed sufficient to ensure adiabaticity but only when the Hamiltonian is real and nonoscillating (for instance, containing exponential or polynomial but no sinusoidal functions)

Comparat, Daniel [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Universite Paris-Sud, Batiment 505, 91405 Orsay (France)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

377

Effects of a dilute gas of fermions on the superfluid-insulator phase diagram of the Bose-Hubbard model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building on the work of Fisher et al. (Phys. Rev. B 40, 546 (1989)), we develop a framework for perturbation theory in the Bose-Hubbard model and apply it to calculate the effects of a degenerate gas of spin-polarized fermions interacting by contact interactions with the constituent bosons. For the single-band Bose-Hubbard model, the only non-trivial effect of the fermions is to induce an effective space- and time-dependent density-density interaction among the bosons. Using a path integral formulation, we develop the appropriate theory describing the perturbative effects of this fermion-mediated interaction (fermionic screening) on the generic superfluid-insulator phase diagram. For the single-band Bose-Hubbard model, we find that the net effect of the fermions is to inherently suppress the Mott-insulating lobes and enhance the area occupied by the superfluid phase in the phase diagram. For the more general multi-band Bose-Hubbard model, we find that, in addition to the fermion screening of the boson interactions, the virtual excitations of the bosons to the higher Bloch bands coupled with the contact interactions with the fermions result in an effective increase of the boson on-site repulsion. If this renormalization of the boson on-site potential is dominant over the fermion screening of the boson interactions, the area of the Mott insulating lobes of the Bose-Hubbard phase diagram will be enhanced for either sign of the boson-fermion interactions, as seen in recent experiments.

Sumanta Tewari; Roman M. Lutchyn; S. Das Sarma

2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

378

Single Cell Whole Genome Amplification  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Single Cell Whole Genome Amplification Single Cell Whole Genome Amplification of Uncultivated Organisms Mircea Podar , Martin Keller , and Philip Hugenholtz (* ü ) Abstract Whole genome amplification of single cells is emerging as a powerful technique for accessing the genomes of individual members of microbial communi- ties without the complication of identifying the source of sequence data posed by shotgun sequencing of environmental samples (metagenomics). This method holds particular promise for the molecular unveiling of uncultivated organisms that com- prise the bulk of the microbial diversity and functionality on our planet. 1 Introduction Over the last two decades, it has become increasingly apparent that microbial diversity

379

Phasing tiny crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For tiny crystals, their diffraction intensities at and between the Bragg peaks become measurable due to the limited number of the unit cells, which can in principle be used to directly phase the crystal structures.

Miao, J.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

380

Sliding Luttinger liquid phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study systems of coupled spin-gapped and gapless Luttinger liquids. First, we establish the existence of a sliding Luttinger liquid phase for a system of weakly coupled parallel quantum wires, with and without disorder. It is shown that the coupling can stabilize a Luttinger liquid phase in the presence of disorder. We then extend our analysis to a system of crossed Luttinger liquids and establish the stability of a non-Fermi-liquid state: the crossed sliding Luttinger liquid phase. In this phase the system exhibits a finite-temperature, long-wavelength, isotropic electric conductivity that diverges as a power law in temperature T as T?0. This two-dimensional system has many properties of a true isotropic Luttinger liquid, though at zero temperature it becomes anisotropic. An extension of this model to a three-dimensional stack exhibits a much higher in-plane conductivity than the conductivity in a perpendicular direction.

Ranjan Mukhopadhyay; C. L. Kane; T. C. Lubensky

2001-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation General Motors Technical Center  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

MI. 1-q Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation General Motors Technical Center Warren, Michigan 48090 January 21, 1977 Occupational Health Standards Branch Office of Standards Development U. S. Nuclear Requlatory Commission Washington, D.C. 20555 Attention: Mr. Robert E. Alexander, Chief Dear Mr. Alexander: In 1974, General Motors Corporation acquired a manufacturing plant in Adrian, Michigan. On October 21, 1976, General Motors announced that work would begin immediately to prepare the plant for manufacturing operations (Appendix A). A news release, made by Mr. Irving Loop of ERDA and carried by radio station WABJ of Adrian, Michigan on May 11, 1976, stated that natural uranium was handled in the plant after World War II and that

382

QCD Viscosity to Entropy Density Ratio in the Hadronic Phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shear viscosity (eta) of QCD in the hadronic phase is computed by the coupled Boltzmann equations of pions and nucleons in low temperatures and low baryon number densities. The eta to entropy density ratio eta/s maps out the nuclear gas-liquid phase transition by forming a valley tracing the phase transition line in the temperature-chemical potential plane. When the phase transition turns into a crossover, the eta/s valley gradually disappears. We suspect the general feature for a first-order phase transition is that eta/s has a discontinuity in the bottom of the eta/s valley. The discontinuity coincides with the phase transition line and ends at the critical point. Beyond the critical point, a smooth eta/s valley is seen. However, the valley could disappear further away from the critical point. The eta/s measurements might provide an alternative to identify the critical points.

Jiunn-Wei Chen; Yen-Han Li; Yen-Fu Liu; Eiji Nakano

2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

383

Single nanoparticle tracking spectroscopic microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system that can maintain and track the position of a single nanoparticle in three dimensions for a prolonged period has been disclosed. The system allows for continuously imaging the particle to observe any interactions it may have. The system also enables the acquisition of real-time sequential spectroscopic information from the particle. The apparatus holds great promise in performing single molecule spectroscopy and imaging on a non-stationary target.

Yang, Haw (Moraga, CA); Cang, Hu (Berkeley, CA); Xu, Cangshan (Berkeley, CA); Wong, Chung M. (San Gabriel, CA)

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

384

Single axioms for Boolean algebra.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Explicit single axioms are presented for Boolean algebra in terms of (1) the Sheffer stroke; (2) disjunction and negation; (3) disjunction, conjunction, and negation; and (4) disjunction, conjunction, negation, 0, and 1. It was previously known that single axioms exist for these systems, but the procedures to generate them are exponential, producing huge equations. Automated deduction techniques were applied to find axioms of lengths 105, 131, 111, and 127, respectively, each with six variables.

McCune, W.

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

385

GENERAL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...learn much of its geology and natural history, and it will also...that even the principle of natural selection lies less deep...physiological selection. He accords to natural selection a suibordinate role...within it." IN Argentina, Cyprus and many other countries the...

1897-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

386

Generalized spin systems and ? models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generalization of the SU(2) spin systems on a lattice and their continuum limit to an arbitrary compact group G is discussed. The continuum limits are, in general, nonrelativistic ?-model-type field theories targeted on a homogeneous space G/H, where H contains the maximal torus of G. In the ferromagnetic case the equations of motion derived from our continuum Lagrangian generalize the Landau-Lifshitz equations with quadratic dispersion relation for small wave vectors. In the antiferromagnetic case the dispersion law is always linear in the long-wavelength limit. The models become relativistic only when G/H is a symmetric space. Also discussed are a generalization of the Holstein-Primakoff representation of the SU(N) algebra, the topological term, and the existence of the instanton-type solutions in the continuum limit of the antiferromagnetic systems.

S. Randjbar-Daemi; Abdus Salam; J. Strathdee

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Finsler manifolds with general symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we study generalized symmetric Finsler spaces. We first study symmetry preserving diffeomorphisms, then we show that the group of symmetry preserving diffeomorphisms is a transitive Lie transformation group. Finally we give some existence theorems.

Latifi, Dariush

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

The Hamilton-Jacobi Theory, Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hamilton-Jacobi theory of Classical Mechanics can be extended in a novel manner to systems which are fuzzy in the sense that they can be represented by wave functions. A constructive interference of the phases of the wave functions then gives us back Classical systems. In a suitable description this includes both Quantum Theory and General Relativity in the well known superspace formulation. However, there are several nuances which provide insight into these latter systems. All this is considered in this paper together with suitable generalization, to cascades of super universes.

B. G. Sidharth

2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

389

NETL: Gasification - Single-Crystal Sapphire Optical Fiber Sensor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gasifier Optimization and Plant Supporting Systems Gasifier Optimization and Plant Supporting Systems Single-Crystal Sapphire Optical Fiber Sensor Instrumentation Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Center for Photonics Technology Project Number: DE-FC26-99FT40685 Project Description Phase I - The Photonics Laboratory at Virginia Tech has successfully developed a novel temperature sensor capable of operating at temperatures up to 1600 °C and in harsh conditions. The sensor uses single-crystal sapphire to make an optically-based measurement and will fulfill the need for the real-time monitoring of high temperatures created in gasification processes. Phase II - Based on a successful Phase I laboratory demonstration of a Broadband Polarimetric Differential Interferometric (BPDI) temperature sensor, Virginia Tech's Phase II development objective is to further the development of the sensor for industrial use in slagging coal gasifiers. This will include ruggedizing the design of the sensor and creation of a suitable protective housing such that it can be placed into existing ports of coal gasifiers. The potential industrial use of the sensor will be determined through full-scale testing and development. The sensor design and fabrication has been completed and is undergoing testing. Overall performance and survivability of the sensor will be determined.

390

Phase Insensitive Frequency Modulation Sensor for Long Distance CO2 Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report a long distance CO2 monitoring LIDAR using phase insensitive Two-Tone Frequency Modulation (TTFM) over 1.4km. We could detect 1ppm single pass CO2...

Wu, Sheng; Deev, Andrei

391

Variables in Reaction Design for Laboratory and Industrial Applications of Phase-Transfer Catalysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many factors, known and unknown, contribute to the effective selection of a catalyst and other conditions for a given phase-transfer catalysis (PTC) application. Therefore, no simple single guideline exists fo...

Charles M. Starks; Charles L. Liotta; Marc E. Halpern

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by General Electric Corporate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by General Electric Corporate Research and Development (GE-CRD) for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Rights under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-AC26-01NT41188 W(A)-01-038, CH-1082 The Petitioner, General Electric Corporate Research and Development (GE-CRD) was awarded this cost plus fixed fee contract for the performance of work entitled, "GE/Nomadics In- Well Monitoring System for Vertical Profiling of DNAPL Contaminants." The purpose of the contract is the development and validation of an in-well monitoring system to characterize vapor- and dissolved-phase dense nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPL), such as carbon tetrachloride and trichloroethylene (TCE), in the groundwater and vadose zones. As described in the Statement of

393

Generalized space and linear momentum operators in quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a modification of a recently introduced generalized translation operator, by including a q-exponential factor, which implies in the definition of a Hermitian deformed linear momentum operator p{sup ^}{sub q}, and its canonically conjugate deformed position operator x{sup ^}{sub q}. A canonical transformation leads the Hamiltonian of a position-dependent mass particle to another Hamiltonian of a particle with constant mass in a conservative force field of a deformed phase space. The equation of motion for the classical phase space may be expressed in terms of the generalized dual q-derivative. A position-dependent mass confined in an infinite square potential well is shown as an instance. Uncertainty and correspondence principles are analyzed.

Costa, Bruno G. da, E-mail: bruno.costa@ifsertao-pe.edu.br [Instituto Federal de Educao, Cincia e Tecnologia do Serto Pernambucano, Campus Petrolina, BR 407, km 08, 56314-520 Petrolina, Pernambuco (Brazil); Instituto de Fsica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, R. Baro de Jeremoabo s/n, 40170-115 Salvador, Bahia (Brazil); Borges, Ernesto P., E-mail: ernesto@ufba.br [Instituto de Fsica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, R. Baro de Jeremoabo s/n, 40170-115 Salvador, Bahia (Brazil)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

Quantum phase gate for optical qubits with cavity quantum optomechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that a cavity optomechanical system formed by a mechanical resonator simultaneously coupled to two modes of an optical cavity can be used for the implementation of quantum phase gate between optical qubits associated with the two intracavity modes. The scheme is realizable for sufficiently strong single-photon optomechanical coupling in the resolved sideband regime, and is robust against cavity losses.

Muhammad Asjad; Paolo Tombesi; David Vitali

2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

395

Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTERS Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating I. J. SOLA the signature of a single return of the electron wavepacket over a large range of energies. This temporally (low energy) and cut-off (high energy) harmonics, specific focusing conditions ensure that only

Loss, Daniel

396

The generalized second law of thermodynamics in generalized gravity theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the generalized second law of thermodynamics (GSL) in generalized theories of gravity. We examine the total entropy evolution with time including the horizon entropy, the non-equilibrium entropy production, and the entropy of all matter, field and energy components. We derive a universal condition to protect the generalized second law and study its validity in different gravity theories. In Einstein gravity, (even in the phantom-dominated universe with a Schwarzschild black hole), Lovelock gravity, and braneworld gravity, we show that the condition to keep the GSL can always be satisfied. In $f(R)$ gravity and scalar-tensor gravity, the condition to protect the GSL can also hold because the gravity is always attractive and the effective Newton constant should be approximate constant satisfying the experimental bounds.

Shao-Feng Wu; Bin Wang; Guo-Hong Yang; Peng-Ming Zhang

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

397

Atomic Structure and Phase Transformations in Pu Alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plutonium and plutonium-based alloys containing Al or Ga exhibit numerous phases with crystal structures ranging from simple monoclinic to face-centered cubic. Only recently, however, has there been increased convergence in the actinides community on the details of the equilibrium form of the phase diagrams. Practically speaking, while the phase diagrams that represent the stability of the fcc {delta}-phase field at room temperature are generally applicable, it is also recognized that Pu and its alloys are never truly in thermodynamic equilibrium because of self-irradiation effects, primarily from the alpha decay of Pu isotopes. This article covers past and current research on several properties of Pu and Pu-(Al or Ga) alloys and their connections to the crystal structure and the microstructure. We review the consequences of radioactive decay, the recent advances in understanding the electronic structure, the current research on phase transformations and their relations to phase diagrams and phase stability, the nature of the isothermal martensitic {delta} {yields} {alpha}{prime} transformation, and the pressure-induced transformations in the {delta}-phase alloys. New data are also presented on the structures and phase transformations observed in these materials following the application of pressure, including the formation of transition phases.

Schwartz, A J; Cynn, H; Blobaum, K M; Wall, M A; Moore, K T; Evans, W J; Farber, D L; Jeffries, J R; Massalski, T B

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

398

Single-particle structure determination by correlations of snapshot X-ray diffraction patterns (CXIDB ID 20)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This deposition includes the diffraction images generated by the paired polystyrene spheres in random orientations. These images were used to determine and phase the single particle diffraction volume from their autocorrelation functions.

Starodub, D.

399

Mechanisms of Disease: General Anesthesia, Sleep, and Coma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...partially due to cholinergic activation of pontomedullary networks, resulting in glycine-mediated inhibition of alpha motor neurons in the spinal cord, whereas during paradoxical excitation, motor tone is preserved. There is similarity between the EEG patterns seen in slow-wave sleep and those seen in phase... This review discusses the clinical and neurophysiological features of general anesthesia and their relationships to sleep and coma, focusing on the neural mechanisms of unconsciousness induced by selected intravenous anesthetic drugs.

Brown E.N.Lydic R.Schiff N.D.

2010-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

400

A Generalized Pyrolysis Model for Combustible Solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intumescent material as a phase change process, but with anmaterial [5868], analogous to the Stefan problem where phase changechange, either due to material consumption (surface regression) or swelling (attributed to intumescence or a condensed phase

Lautenberger, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Viscosity near phase transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probably the most enticing observation in theoretical physics during the last decade was the discovery of the great amount of consequences obtained from the AdS/CFT conjecture put forward by Maldacena. In this work we review how this correspondence can be used to address hydrodynamic properties such as the viscosity of some strongly interacting systems. We also employ the Boltzmann equation for those systems closer to low-energy QCD, and argue that this kind of transport coefficients can be related to phase transitions, in particular the QGP/hadronic phase transition studied in heavy ion collisions.

Antonio Dobado; Felipe J. Llanes-Estrada; Juan M. Torres-Rincon

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

402

Linear phase compressive filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A phase linear filter for soliton suppression is in the form of a laddered series of stages of non-commensurate low pass filters with each low pass filter having a series coupled inductance (L) and a reverse biased, voltage dependent varactor diode, to ground which acts as a variable capacitance (C). L and C values are set to levels which correspond to a linear or conventional phase linear filter. Inductance is mapped directly from that of an equivalent nonlinear transmission line and capacitance is mapped from the linear case using a large signal equivalent of a nonlinear transmission line.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Nonextensive effects on the phase structure of QHD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate nonextensive effects on phase transition in nuclear matter in the context Walecka many-body field theory. Changes in the general behavior are observed when the results calculated for the nuclear matter at vanishing baryon density are compared to those obtained through the standard Fermi-Dirac distribution. It is observed a dependence between the nonextensive parameter $q$ and the coupling constants $C_S^2$ of the phase transition. A numerical relation for this thermodynamical dependence is also proposed.

F. I. M. Pereira; R. Silva; J. S. Alcaniz

2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

404

Bubble Over-Potential During Two-Phase Alkaline Water Electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During two-phase water electrolysis production of bubbles at one or both electrodes is observed. This leads to a change in the electrolyser electrical and hydrodynamic properties. When gravity is present, the production of bubbles at the electrodes induces a macro-convection in the electrolyser. This leads to a local distribution of the bubbles determining the local gas void fraction and current density at the electrodes. The absence of gravity eliminates the natural convection and buoyancy forces and consequently the frictional forces. It is generally difficult to estimate the quantitative influence of each of these single phenomena due to strong coupling. In the present work, alkaline water electrolysis is performed. The formation of gas bubbles at the anode is observed using four cameras. The aim of this study is to establish the quantitative evolution laws for the electrochemical cell potential, the bubble diameter and population density during alkaline (NaOH) two-phase electrolysis in function of the two explored inputs current density and gravity.

Philippe Mandin; Zine Derhoumi; Herv Roustan; Wthrich Rolf

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Single molecule measurements and molecular motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Hideyuki Okano and Atsushi Iriki Single molecule measurements and molecular motors...Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan Single molecule imaging and manipulation are...machines like molecular motors. The single molecule measurements allow a dynamic...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Entire General Science Archive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General Topics Archives General Topics Archives General Topics Archives, Since November 1991 Table of Contents: What Sciences are included in Earth Science? Magnetosphere Magnetic Compasses Aftershocks vs. Earthquakes Illinois Earthquakes Center of the Earth Why is the Earth round? Project Mohole Minerals, Rocks, or not? Water Origin of Saltwater Weight of Clouds Barometers Chaos and Weather Forecasting Lightning Strikes Tornado Spinning Tornado Safety in a Building Tornadoes and High Rise Structures Tornadoes Avoiding Downtown Chicago Coldest Temperature? Thermal Inversions Fog Blue Sky Gravitational pull vs. Atmospheric pressure Weights and Measures Science Demonstrations Cyanide Gas Bermuda Triangle X-30 Flower colors Ice Cream Headaches Rubber Egg Silver Dental Fillings and Aluminum Foil Birds and Wires

407

GENERAL@ELECTtiIC COMPINY  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

GENERAL@ELECTtiIC GENERAL@ELECTtiIC COMPINY ~9013 ~APPROVAL NO. 143 Article II, Section 8(b) PICHLAND, WASHINGTON .~. "ANFORD ATOMlC PlOD"CTS O*Ert*,ION ,. u/S; Atomic Energy Comisaion Hailfbrd operations Office Richland, Washington Attention: Mr. J. E. Travis, Manager Gentlemen: EXTRUSION OF URANIUM DIOXIDE FOR GENERAL ~ED&'RIC - APED The Atoinic Power Equipment Depart!++ of ~the The uranium dioxide necess :Material License No. C-3351. for establishing the value'of the.material will be developed with appropriate representatives of your office in accordance with established procedures. A small amount of scrap will be generated in the process but, since this will be usable and is needed in waging studies at Hanford, we do not propose to charge for reprocessing.

408

Generalized Macdonald-Ruijsenaars systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the polynomial representation of Double Affine Hecke Algebras (DAHAs) and construct its submodules as ideals of functions vanishing on the special collections of affine planes. This generalizes certain results of Kasatani in types A_n, (C_n^\\vee,C_n). We obtain commutative algebras of difference operators given by the action of invariant combinations of Cherednik-Dunkl operators in the corresponding quotient modules of the polynomial representation. This gives known and new generalized Macdonald-Ruijsenaars systems. Thus in the cases of DAHAs of types A_n and (C_n^\\vee,C_n) we derive Chalykh-Sergeev-Veselov operators and a generalization of the Koornwinder operator respectively, together with complete sets of quantum integrals in the explicit form.

M. Feigin; A. Silantyev

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

SINGLE CELL PROTEIN | The Algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Algae, as source of single-cell protein (SCP), is a term that refers to either microscopic single-cell true algae or prokaryotic cyanobacteria, and their growth is based on the use of carbon dioxide and light energy (autotrophic growth). In contrast with other SCP-producing organisms, algae are grown in many cases by processes resembling traditional agriculture, because they depend on large areas and sunlight radiation; on the other hand, modern production techniques include growth inside photobioreactors. Moreover, macroscopic algae are used widely as source of food, but they hardly can fit the SCP definition because of their multicellular nature and low protein content.

M. Garca-Garibay; L. Gmez-Ruiz; A.E. Cruz-Guerrero; E. Brzana

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Single particle-induced latchup  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an up-to-date overview of the single-event latchup (SEL) hard failure mode encountered in electronic device applications involving heavy ion environment. This phenomenon is specific to CMOS technology. Single-event latchup is discussed after a short description of the effects induced by the interaction of a heavy ion with silicon. Understanding these effects is necessary to understand the different failures. This paper includes a description of the latchup phenomenon and the different triggering modes, reviews of models and hardening solutions, and finally presents new developments in simulation approaches.

Bruguier, G.; Palau, J.M. [Univ. Montpellier II (France). Centre d`Electronique de Montpellier] [Univ. Montpellier II (France). Centre d`Electronique de Montpellier

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Berry Phase Quantum Thermometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how Berry phase can be used to construct an ultra-high precision quantum thermometer. An important advantage of our scheme is that there is no need for the thermometer to acquire thermal equilibrium with the sample. This reduces measurement times and avoids precision limitations.

Martin-Martinez, E; Mann, R B; Fuentes, I

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Berry Phase Quantum Thermometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how Berry phase can be used to construct an ultra-high precision quantum thermometer. An important advantage of our scheme is that there is no need for the thermometer to acquire thermal equilibrium with the sample. This reduces measurement times and avoids precision limitations.

E. Martin-Martinez; A. Dragan; R. B. Mann; I. Fuentes

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

413

Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in this report).

Hays, C.B.

1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

414

Single Molecule Analysis Research Tool (SMART): An Integrated Approach for Analyzing Single Molecule Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single Molecule Analysis Research Tool (SMART): An Integrated Approach for Analyzing Single, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America Abstract Single molecule studies have approach for analyzing these data in the freely available software package SMART: Single Molecule Analysis

Herschlag, Dan

415

Where Is the Surgeon General?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...job of the Surgeon General and the Public Health Service staff, will be vital. We rely on the National Institutes of Health for advances in health science; we rely on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for epidemiologic surveillance and disease tracking; we rely on the Public Health... As an unchecked Ebola epidemic moves out of West Africa to touch the United States and the rest of the world, we should rightfully ask, Where is the Surgeon General? The answer is, quite simply, that we do not have one. We face a growing crisis of ...

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

416

1 - Mobile Robots: General Concepts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents the fundamental general concepts of mobile robots that can move from one place to another autonomously within a predefined workspace to achieve their desired goals. Specifically, the chapter (i) provides a list of the main historical landmarks of general robotics and mobile robots, (ii) discusses the locomotion issues of ground (wheeled, legged) mobile robots, (iii) investigates the wheel and drive types of mobile robots (nonholonomic, omnidirectional) and, (iv) introduces the concepts of mobile robot degree of mobility, degree of steerability, and maneuverability.

Spyros G. Tzafestas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The `Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application` is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit- Specific Portion. The scope of the General Information Portion includes information that could be used to discuss operating units, units undergoing closure, or units being dispositioned through other options. Documentation included in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the General Information Portion, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance documentation, is located in the Contents Section. The intent of the General Information Portion is: (1) to provide an overview of the Hanford Facility; and (2) to assist in streamlining efforts associated with treatment, storage, and/or disposal unit-specific Part B permit application, preclosure work plan, closure work plan, closure plan, closure/postclosure plan, or postclosure permit application documentation development, and the `Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit` modification process. Revision 2 of the General Information Portion of the `Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application` contains information current as of May 1, 1996. This document is a complete submittal and supersedes Revision 1.

Price, S.M., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

418

Phase-stabilized 167 MHz Repetition Frequency Carbon Nanotube Fiber Laser Frequency Comb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phase-stabilized 167 MHz Repetition Frequency Carbon Nanotube Fiber Laser Frequency Comb Jinkang [2, 3]. Mode-locked fiber lasers using single-walled carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber have-referenced frequency comb from a fiber laser passively modelocked by single walled carbon nanotubes. The carbon

Washburn, Brian

419

TWRS phase I privatization site environmental baseline and characterization plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides a plan to characterize and develop an environmental baseline for the TWRS Phase I Privatization Site before construction begins. A site evaluation study selected the former Grout Disposal Area of the Grout Treatment Facility in the 200 East Area as the TWRS Phase I Demonstration Site. The site is generally clean and has not been used for previous activities other than the GTF. A DQO process was used to develop a Sampling and Analysis Plan that would allow comparison of site conditions during operations and after Phase I ends to the presently existing conditions and provide data for the development of a preoperational monitoring plan.

Shade, J.W.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Non minimally coupled condensate cosmologies: a phase space analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an analysis of the phase space of cosmological models based on a non minimal coupling between the geometry and a fermionic condensate. We obtain that the strong constraint coming from the Dirac equations allows a detailed design of the cosmology of these models and at the same time guarantees an evolution towards a state indistinguishable from General Relativistic cosmological models. In this light, we show how the use of some specific potentials is able to reproduce naturally two de Sitter phases separated by a power law expansion which could be an interesting model for the unification of an inflationary phase and a dark energy era.

Sante Carloni; Stefano Vignolo; Roberto Cianci

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Geometric phase for collinear conical intersections. I. Geometric phase angle and vector potentials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a method for properly treating collinear conical intersections in triatomic systems. The general vector potential (gauge theory) approach for including the geometric phase effects associated with collinear conical intersections in hyperspherical coordinates is presented. The current study develops an introductory method in the treatment of collinear conical intersections by using the phase angle method. The geometric phase angle, {eta}, in terms of purely internal coordinates is derived using the example of a spin-aligned quartet lithium triatomic system. A numerical fit and thus an analytical form for the associated vector potentials are explicitly derived for this triatomic A{sub 3} system. The application of this methodology to AB{sub 2} and ABC systems is also discussed.

Li Xuan [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Department of Chemistry, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Brue, Daniel A.; Blandon, Juan D.; Parker, Gregory A. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Kendrick, Brian K. [Theoretical Division (T-1, MS B268), Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

422

Quantitative biology of single neurons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...micropipette of the soma (b) and dendrites (c). Figure-4. Live single-cell mRNA translation...cell.2008.10.028 ) 117 Sugino, K. , C. M. Hempel, M. N. Miller, A. M. Hattox, P. Shapiro, C. Wu, Z. J. Huang, and S. B. Nelson...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Single element laser beam shaper  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single lens laser beam shaper for converting laser beams from any spatial profile to a flat-top or uniform spatial profile. The laser beam shaper includes a lens having two aspheric surfaces. The beam shaper significantly simplifies the overall structure in comparison with conventional 2-element systems and therefore provides great ease in alignment and reduction of cost.

Zhang, Shukui (Yorktown, VA); Michelle D. Shinn (Newport News, VA)

2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

424

Ionic field effect and memristive phenomena in single-point ferroelectric domain switching  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric field induced polarization switching underpins most functional applications of ferroelectric materials in information technology, materials science, and optoelectronics. In the last 20 years, much attention has been focused on the switching of individual domains using scanning probe microscopy, both as model of ferroelectric data storage and approach to explore fundamental physics of ferroelectric switching. The classical picture of tip induced switching includes formation of cylindrical domain oriented along the tip field, with the domain size is largely determined by the tip-induced field distribution and domain wall motion kinetics. The polarization screening is recognized as a necessary precondition to the stability of ferroelectric phase; however, screening processes are generally considered to be uniformly efficient and not leading to changes in switching behavior. Here, we demonstrate that single-point tip-induced polarization switching can give rise to a surprisingly broad range of domain morphologies, including radial and angular instabilities. These behaviors are traced to the surface screening charge dynamics, which in some cases can even give rise to anomalous switching against the electric field (ionic field effect). The implications of these behaviors for ferroelectric materials and devices are discussed.

Ievlev, Anton [ORNL] [ORNL; Morozovska, A. N. [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine] [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; Eliseev, E. A. [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine] [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; Shur, Vladimir Ya. [Ural Federal University, Russia] [Ural Federal University, Russia; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Historical Information H.1 General  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

1 1 . . General Book 1 Effects Evaluation- for Project Rulison, June 1969 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. . . . . . . . . . . - ,--- ..-... . . . 0 . , . , ~ , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L . < - ....:.-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - , , - . d - i , . .. * :=.:. 5 . . .:. : - . . . . . . : -.. .. ' . . - - .- - : . 7 : P . f l - ~ . - R - t f - . . . . . . . . . .;- .. +:.7'; . : : - . . . . . - . . . ..- : . . - ' . . - . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... . . .~ ~-.-- . . : - ., > .. , . .( . > - - . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 . . . . . . . ' : -. . . . - - _ _ . . - . . . . ' * . 1 . . . . . . . . . . . 4 . . 5 . . . . -- ' . . - ,. . , . . .... . . . * , . ; ) . , . ".ii . . - . '2-io- b . / . N V O - 4 3 ( F I

426

LFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page 1 of 31 Page 1 of 31 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

427

BASICS OF GENERALIZED PARTON DISTRIBUTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief review of the theory of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) is given. We discuss the basic concepts of the GPD theory and relationship between GPDs and simpler phenomenological functions, viz. form factors, parton densities and distribution amplitudes. A special emphasis is given to the formulation of GPDs in terms of double distributions.

Anatoly Radyushkin

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Generalized parton distributions: recent results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I review progress on selected issues connected with generalized parton distributions. Topics range from the description of hard exclusive reactions to the spatial distribution of quarks in the nucleon and the contribution of their orbital angular momentum to the nucleon spin.

Diehl, M. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchroton DESY, 22603 Hamburg (Germany)

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

429

Wind Turbine Blockset General Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Turbine Blockset in Saber General Overview and Description of the Models Florin Iov, Adrian Turbine Blockset in Saber Abstract. This report presents a new developed Saber Toolbox for wind turbine, optimize and design wind turbines". The report provides a quick overview of the Saber and then explains

430

GENERAL PRINCIPLES Art. 1 (Aims)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 STATUTE GENERAL PRINCIPLES Art. 1 (Aims) 1. The University of Torino (hereinafter "the organizational criteria suitable for its institutional purposes according to principles of efficacy, efficiency to determine the advancement and the allocation of the staff. This planning is based on principles of quality

Sproston, Jeremy

431

Interacting new generalized Chaplygin gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have presented a model in which the new generalized Chaplygin gas interacts with matter. We find that there exists a stable scaling solution at late times in the evolution of the universe. Moreover, the phantom crossing scenario is observed in this model.

Mubasher Jamil

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

432

General purpose programmable accelerator board  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A general purpose accelerator board and acceleration method comprising use of: one or more programmable logic devices; a plurality of memory blocks; bus interface for communicating data between the memory blocks and devices external to the board; and dynamic programming capabilities for providing logic to the programmable logic device to be executed on data in the memory blocks.

Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Witzke, Edward L. (Edgewood, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

ANALYSIS OF DETONATION STATES WHEN SHOCKING TWO-PHASE REACTIVE SOLIDS*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' ANALYSIS OF DETONATION STATES WHEN SHOCKING TWO-PHASE REACTIVE SOLIDS* J. M. Powers, D. S the hypothesis that observed deviations from Chapman-Jouguet detonation states inporous solid propellants for a minimum detonation wave speed analogous to a Chapman-Jouguet detonation for a single phase is given

434

Title: Decomposition of ethanol and dimethyl-ether during CVD synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of ethanol and dimethyl-ether during CVD synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes Author list: Bo Hou (single-walled carbon nanotubes) was investigated. Gas-phase thermal decomposition of ethanol and DME ethanol and DME decomposition, confirming expected reaction trends and primary byproducts. Peak

Maruyama, Shigeo

435

Phase 2 microwave concrete decontamination results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report on the results of the second phase of a four-phase program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to develop a system to decontaminate concrete using microwave energy. The microwave energy is directed at the concrete surface through the use of an optimized wave guide antenna, or applicator, and this energy rapidly heats the free water present in the interstitial spaces of the concrete matrix. The resulting steam pressure causes the surface to burst in much the same way popcorn pops in a home microwave oven. Each steam explosion removes several square centimeters of concrete surface that are collected by a highly integrated wave guide and vacuum system. The authors call this process the microwave concrete decontamination, or MCD, process. In the first phase of the program the principle of microwaves concrete removal concrete surfaces was demonstrated. In these experiments, concrete slabs were placed on a translator and moved beneath a stationary microwave system. The second phase demonstrated the ability to mobilize the technology to remove the surfaces from concrete floors. Area and volume concrete removal rates of 10.4 cm{sup 2}/s and 4.9 cm{sup 3}/S, respectively, at 18 GHz were demonstrated. These rates are more than double those obtained in Phase 1 of the program. Deeper contamination can be removed by using a longer residence time under the applicator to create multiple explosions in the same area or by taking multiple passes over previously removed areas. Both techniques have been successfully demonstrated. Small test sections of painted and oil-soaked concrete have also been removed in a single pass. Concrete with embedded metal anchors on the surface has also been removed, although with some increased variability of removal depth. Microwave leakage should not pose any operational hazard to personnel, since the observed leakage was much less than the regulatory standard.

White, T.L.; Foster, D. Jr.; Wilson, C.T.; Schaich, C.R.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Fundamental Study of Single Biomass Particle Combustion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fundamental Study of Single Biomass Particle Combustion Maryam Momeni #12;Fundamental Study of Single Biomass Particle Combustion Maryam Momeni Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Engineering Fundamental Study of Single Biomass Particle Combustion This thesis is a comprehensive study of single biomass

Berning, Torsten

437

Phase-change radiative thermal diode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermal diode transports heat mainly in one preferential direction rather than in the opposite direction. This behavior is generally due to the non-linear dependence of certain physical properties with respect to the temperature. Here we introduce a radiative thermal diode which rectifies heat transport thanks to the phase transitions of materials. Rectification coefficients greater than 70% and up to 90% are shown, even for small temperature differences. This result could have important applications in the development of future contactless thermal circuits or in the conception of radiative coatings for thermal management.

Ben-Abdallah, Philippe, E-mail: pba@institutoptique.fr [Laboratoire Charles Fabry, UMR 8501, Institut d'Optique, CNRS, Universit Paris-Sud 11, 2, Avenue Augustin Fresnel, 91127 Palaiseau Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire Charles Fabry, UMR 8501, Institut d'Optique, CNRS, Universit Paris-Sud 11, 2, Avenue Augustin Fresnel, 91127 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Biehs, Svend-Age, E-mail: s.age.biehs@uni-oldenburg.de [Institut fr Physik, Carl von Ossietzky Universitt, D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany)] [Institut fr Physik, Carl von Ossietzky Universitt, D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany)

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

438

NETL: Carbon Storage - Regional Partnership Validation Phase (Phase II)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Validation Phase (Phase II) Projects Validation Phase (Phase II) Projects The Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships' (RCSP) Validation Phase focuses on validating the most promising regional opportunities to deploy CCS technologies by building upon the accomplishments of the Characterization Phase. Two different CO2 storage approaches are being pursued in this phase: geologic and terrestrial carbon storage. The Validation Phase includes 20 geologic and 11 terrestrial CO2 storage projects. Efforts are being conducted to: Validate and refine current reservoir simulations for CO2 storage projects. Collect physical data to confirm CO2 storage potential and injectivity estimates. Demonstrate the effectiveness of monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA) technologies. Develop guidelines for well completion, operations, and abandonment.

439

Strong antibunching in a generalized Rabi model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a generalized version of the Rabi model that includes a nonlinear, dispersive-type atom-field interaction in addition to the usual linear dipole coupling, as well as cavity dissipation. An effective system of this sort arises, for example, in a quantum simulation of the Rabi model based upon Raman transitions in an optical cavity QED setting [A. L. Grimsmo and S. Parkins, Phys. Rev. A {\\bf87}, 033814 (2013)]. For a suitable choice of the nonlinear interaction strength, near degeneracies of the states in the cavity-mode vacuum and single-photon subspaces, in combination with cavity loss, gives rise to an essentially closed cycle of excitations and photon emissions within these subspaces. Consequently, the cavity output field is strongly antibunched. We develop a quantum-trajectory-based description of the system that models its key properties very well, and use a simple dressed-state picture to explain the novel structure of the cavity fluorescence spectrum. We also present numerical results for a potential realization of the system using a rubidium atom coupled strongly to a high-finesse optical cavity mode.

Arne L. Grimsmo; Scott Parkins

2013-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

440

United States General Accounting Office  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Washington, DC 20548 Washington, DC 20548 Comptroller General of the United States Decision Matter of: The Jones/Hill Joint Venture File: B-286194.4; B-286194.5; B-286194.6 Date: December 5, 2001 William A. Roberts III, Esq., Phillip H. Harrington, Esq., William S. Lieth, Esq., and Janet L. Eichers, Esq., Wiley, Rein & Fielding, for the protester. Marvin D. Norman, Esq., Vicki E. O'Keefe, Esq., and Robert E. Little, Jr., Esq., Department of the Navy, for the agency. Louis A. Chiarella, Esq., John L. Formica, Esq., and James A. Spangenberg, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, GAO, participated in the preparation of the decision. DIGEST 1. A conflict of interest existed in an Office of Management and Budget Circular A-76 commercial activities study where a Navy employee and a private-sector consultant

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Single crystal growth and superconductivity of Ca(Fe1-xCox)2As2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the single crystal growth of Ca(Fe1-xCox)2As2 (0 <= x <= 0.082) from Sn flux. The temperature-composition phase diagram is mapped out based on the magnetic susceptibility and electrical transport measurements. Phase diagram of Ca(Fe1-xCox)2As2 is qualitatively different from those of Sr and Ba, it could be due to both the charge doping and structural tuning effects associated with Co substitution.

Hu, Rongwei; Ran, Sheng; Budko, Serguei; Straszheim, Warren E.; Canfield, Paul C.

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

442

LFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dated 5-20-13 Dated 5-20-13 Subcontract No. 241314 Page 1 of 19 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012 - Deviation) ........................................................................................ 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 4 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

443

Data Center Observatory General Schematic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Center Observatory General Schematic Rack 12 critical infrastr. Rack 10 1U Rack 11 1U Rack 9 Blades Battery Battery UPS UPS PDU PDU Rack 8 mix Rack 7 1U Rack 6 1U Rack 5 1U Rack 4 3U Rack 3 1U Rack 2 1U Rack 1 3U Air FM40 Air FM40 Campuschilledwaterloop PUMP ROOM (FMS BUILDING) CICBUILDING ZONE 1

444

Theory of Nucleation in Phase-separating Nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The basic physics of nucleation in solid \\hl{single-crystal} nanoparticles is revealed by a phase-field theory that includes surface energy, chemical reactions and coherency strain. In contrast to binary fluids, which form arbitrary contact angles at surfaces, complete "wetting" by one phase is favored at binary solid surfaces. Nucleation occurs when surface wetting becomes unstable, as the chemical energy gain (scaling with area) overcomes the elastic energy penalty (scaling with volume). The nucleation barrier thus decreases with the area-to-volume ratio and vanishes below a critical size, and nanoparticles tend to transform in order of increasing size, leaving the smallest particles homogeneous (in the phase of lowest surface energy). The model is used to simulate phase separation in realistic nanoparticle geometries for \\ce{Li_XFePO4}, a popular cathode material for Li-ion batteries, and collapses disparate experimental data for the nucleation barrier, with no adjustable parameters. Beyond energy storage,...

Cogswell, Daniel A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Two Phase Spectrum Sharing for Frequency-Agile Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Two Phase Spectrum Sharing for Frequency-Agile Radio Networks Zhenhua Feng and Yaling Yang of modern radios. We solve a joint spectrum sharing and end-to-end rate control problems for general technologies (e.g. software defined radio and cognitive radios) enable more flexible spectrum access through

Ha, Dong S.

446

Multiple copy distillation and purification of phase diffused squeezed states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide a detailed theoretical analysis of multiple copy purification and distillation protocols for phase diffused squeezed states of light. The standard iterative distillation protocol is generalized to a collective purification of an arbitrary number of N copies. We also derive a semi-analytical expression for the asymptotic limit of the iterative distillation and purification protocol and discuss its properties.

Petr Marek; Jaromir Fiurasek; Boris Hage; Alexander Franzen; James DiGugliemo; Roman Schnabel

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

447

Magnetic field-induced phase transformation and variant reorientation in Ni2MnGa and NiMnCoIn magnetic shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to reveal the governing mechanisms responsible for the magnetic field-induced i) martensite reorientation in Ni2MnGa single crystals, ii) stress-assisted phase transformation in Ni2MnGa single crystals and iii) phase...

Karaca, Haluk Ersin

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General Services General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: General Services Administration - Suitland, Maryland on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products

449

8.962 General Relativity, Spring 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course covers the basic principles of Einstein's general theory of relativity. Also discussed are differential geometry, experimental tests of general relativity, black holes, and cosmology.

Bertschinger, Edmund W.

450

Alaska - CPCN General Information | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CPCN General Information Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Instructions: Alaska - CPCN General...

451

Protein Folding: Generalized-Ensemble Algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We briefly review the development of generalized-ensemble optimization techniques and their application since publication of Protein Folding: Generalized-Ensemble Algorithms was published in...

Ulrich H. E. Hansmann

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

SWRCB General NPDES Permits | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SWRCB General NPDES Permits Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- Permit ApplicationPermit Application: SWRCB General NPDES...

453

" Row: General Energy-Management Activities...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Number of Establishments by Participation in General Energy-Management Activities, 2010;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: General Energy-Management Activities within NAICS...

454

Computable General Equilibrium Models for Sustainability Impact...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Computable General Equilibrium Models for Sustainability Impact Assessment: Status quo and prospects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Computable General...

455

Scaffolding Carbon Nanotubes into Single-Molecule Circuitry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Nanotubes into Single-Molecule Circuitry Brett R.to a single binding site, single molecule precision can beto directly transduce single-molecule interactions such as

Collins, Philip G

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Phase 1 -- 2  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2 Revised 8/7/02 " "Sample Statement of Work - Standard Service Offerings for Contractor-Identified Project" "Task #","Task Title","Work Scope","Deliverable","Agency Requirements" " " "Phase Two - Initial Project Development" "2-1","DO RFP Development - Direct Support","Based upon interviews Agency/site staff and consultation support, FEMP Services will prepare DO RFP for Agency/site. FEMP Services will provide onsite or telecon review of draft DO RFP with agency staff. FEMP Services will prepare 2nd draft DO RFP based on telecon and written agency review comments and recommendations. ","Draft DO RFP Document. On-site review of draft DO RFP.

457

Neutron phase echo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The coherent overlap of the waves traversing the two legs of a perfect-crystal neutron interferometer is altered by a material with a neutron-nuclear optical potential. The fringe visibility is limited by the longitudinal coherence length. The loss of interference contrast caused by a slab of material of positive optical potential can be restored by placing another slab of material with a negative optical potential in the same leg of the interferometer. This paper describes the observation and detailed characterization of this quantum-mechanical phenomenon, which we call the phase-echo effect.

R. Clothier; H. Kaiser; S. A. Werner; H. Rauch; H. Wlwitsch

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Phase 1 --2  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2 Rev 4-01-05 " "Statement of Work - Standard Service Offerings for Contractor-Identified Project at (insert project site)" "Task #","Task Title","Work Scope","Deliverable","Agency Requirements" " " "Phase Two - Initial Project Development" "2-1","DO RFP Development - Direct Support","Based upon interviews Agency/site staff and consultation support, FEMP Services will prepare DO RFP for Agency/site. FEMP Services will provide onsite or telecon review of draft DO RFP with agency staff. FEMP Services will prepare 2nd draft DO RFP based on telecon and written agency review comments and recommendations. ","Draft DO RFP Document. On-site review of draft DO RFP.

459

Single-molecule kinetic energy of condensed normal deuterium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inelastic scattering of 300-meV neutrons allows the study of the liquid (T=20 and 30 K, saturated vapor pressure) and solid (T=4.2 K, saturated vapor pressure) phases of the normal deuterium mixture (2/3 o-D2+1/3 p-D2) in the region of momentum transfer where a single-molecule response is expected. The spectra are analyzed within the impulse approximation and assuming Gaussian momentum distributions for the translation of the molecules. For the solid, the estimated value of the single-molecule average kinetic energy does not compare unfavorably with those obtained scaling experimental results in parahydrogen solids. In the liquid state, substantial departures seem to exist from the classical liquid behavior, even if up to second-order quantum corrections are taken into account. 1996 The American Physical Society.

F. J. Mompen; M. Garca-Hernndez; F. J. Bermejo; S. M. Bennington

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Deterministic single soliton generation and compression in microring resonators avoiding the chaotic region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A path within the parameter space of phase detuning and pump power is demonstrated in order to obtain a single cavity soliton (CS) with certainty in SiN microring resonators in the anomalous dispersion regime. Once the single CS state is reached, it is possible to continue a path to compress it, broadening the corresponding single FSR frequency Kerr comb. This behavior is first obtained by identifying the regions in the parameter space via numerical simulations of the Lugiato-Lefever equation (LLE), and second, defining a path from the stable modulation instability (SMI) region to the stable cavity solitons (SCS) region avoiding the chaotic and unstable regions.

Jaramillo-Villegas, Jose A; Wang, Pei-Hsun; Leaird, Daniel E; Weiner, Andrew M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general single phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Property:Project Phase | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase Phase Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Project Phase Property Type Text This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "Project Phase" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Projects/40MW Lewis project + Phase 2 + MHK Projects/ADM 3 + Phase ? + MHK Projects/ADM 4 + Phase ? + MHK Projects/ADM 5 + Phase 2 + MHK Projects/AW Energy EMEC + Phase 3 + MHK Projects/AWS II + Phase 1 + MHK Projects/Admirality Inlet Tidal Energy Project + Phase 1 + MHK Projects/Agucadoura + Phase 3 + MHK Projects/Alaska 1 + Phase 0 + MHK Projects/Alaska 13 + Phase ? + MHK Projects/Alaska 17 + Phase 0 + MHK Projects/Alaska 18 + Phase 0 + MHK Projects/Alaska 24 + Phase 0 + MHK Projects/Alaska 25 + Phase 0 + MHK Projects/Alaska 28 + Phase 0 +

462

Single-Bubble Sonoluminescence as Dicke Superradiance at Finite Temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sonoluminescence is a process in which a strong sound field is used to produce light in liquids. We explain sonoluminescence as a phase transition from ordinary fluorescence to a superradiant phase. We consider a spin-boson model composed of a single bosonic mode and an ensemble of $N$ identical two-level atoms. We assume that the whole system is in thermal equilibrium with a reservoir at temperature $\\beta^{-1}$. We show that, in a ultrastrong-coupling regime, between the two-level atoms and the electromagnetic field it is possible to have a cooperative interaction of the molecules of the gas in the interior of the bubble with the field, generating sonoluminescence.

M. Aparicio Alcalde; Hernando Quevedo; Nami Fux Svaiter

2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

463

How Does a Single Pt Nanocatalyst Behave in Two Different Reactions? A Single-Molecule Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How Does a Single Pt Nanocatalyst Behave in Two Different Reactions? A Single-Molecule Study Kyu ABSTRACT: Using single-molecule microscopy of fluoro- genic reactions we studied Pt nanoparticle catalysis. KEYWORDS: Single-particle catalysis, platinum nanoparticles, single-molecule imaging, deacetylation

Chen, Peng

464

Theory of single photon on demand from a single molecule sourcew and Eli Barkaib  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory of single photon on demand from a single molecule sourcew Yong Hea and Eli Barkaib Received for the description of cryogenic temperature single molecules, and that experiments were conducted very close single molecules,7­9 single quantum dots,10­12 or nitrogen vacancy color centers,13 are nowadays

Barkai, Eli

465

II. GENERAL COMPLIANCE SUPPLEMENT INTRODUCTION  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Rather than repeat these compliance requirements, audit objectives, and suggested audit procedures for each program, they are provided once in this part. For each program in this Compliance Supplement (this Supplement), the program-specific compliance guidance section (Part III of this guidance) contains additional information about the compliance requirements that arise from laws and regulations applicable to each program, including the requirements specific to each program that should be tested using the guidance in this part. Compliance Requirements, Audit Objectives, and Suggested Audit Procedures At the end of this General Compliance Supplement is a matrix that outlines the compliance requirements, including special tests and provisions, that are applicable to programs performed under

466

SINGULARITIES OF GENERALIZED PARTON DISTRIBUTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss recent developments in building models for generalized parton distributions (GPDs) that are based on the formalism of double distributions (DDs). A special attention is given to a careful analysis of the singularity structure of DDs. The DD formalism is applied to construction of a model GPDs with a singular Regge behavior. Within the developed DD-based approach, we discuss the structure of GPD sum rules. It is shown that separation of DDs into the so-called ``plus'' part and the D-term part may be treated as a renormalization procedure for the GPD sum rules. This approach is compared with an alternative prescription based on analytic regularization.

Anatoly Radyushkin

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Accelerator experiments contradicting general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deflection of gamma-rays in Earth's gravitational field is tested in laser Compton scattering at high energy accelerators. Within a formalism connecting the bending angle to the photon's momentum it follows that detected gamma-ray spectra are inconsistent with a deflection magnitude of 2.78 nrad, predicted by Einstein's gravity theory. Moreover, preliminary results for 13-28 GeV photons from two different laboratories show opposite - away from the Earth - deflection, amounting to 33.8-0.8 prad. I conclude that general relativity, which describes gravity at low energies precisely, break down at high energies.

Vahagn Gharibyan

2014-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

468

A general purpose microprogrammable emulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/HEAD. MICRO/MACRO T IMNG DUMP. EXEC and END. Simulation Time Commands All Functions PRT Field . V CONCLUSION. REFERENCES APPENDIX A CONSOLIDATED CODING SHEET 8 NOVA EMULATION. C PROGRAM LISTING VITA PAGE 6 10 16 19 19 21 23 23 42 42 44... interconnection scheme 1. PAGE 10 6 Arbitrary interconnection scheme 2. Generalized bus structured CPU. Typical bus structured CPU. Microprogrammed control signal transfer 12 14 15 18 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Logic diagram and block...

Adams, James Monroe

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

469

Phase 1 -- 4  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4" 4" "Statement of Work - Optional Service Offerings for Contractor-Identified Project" "Task #","Task Title","Work Scope","Deliverable","Agency Requirements" " " "Phase Two - Initial Project Development" "Replace Std Task# 2-1","DO RFP Development - On Site Consultation","FEMP Services will provide technical consultation resources at the Agency's site to assist in the integration of the site's requirements into the DO RFP template.","Oral Comments","Agency staff will draft DO RFP. Provide copies to FEMP Services staff for review." "Phase Three - Negotiations and Award" "Replace Std Task# 3-4","Final Proposal Review - Direct Support","FEMP Services will provide direct technical resources to review final proposal. Review will include assessment of ESPC-unique data such as markups, performance period expenses, and financing interest rates. FEMP Services will assure that price schedules have been filled out correctly. ESCO specified equipment will be evaluated for its appropriateness and installation expense (labor and material). FEMP Services will coordinate and assemble agency and FEMP Services questions and issues for Agency CO to be presented to ESCO for discussions and negotiations. ","Telecon Advice and Written comments and recommendations","Agency will provide FEMP Services staff copies of final proposal with emphasis on selected equipment compatibility with agency performance requirements. Agency shall ensure applicable acquisition team members review final proposal. Agency will generate site questions or issues prior to scheduled telecons with FEMP Services staff. Agency will review questions and issues for ESCO discussions. Agency CO will submit questions and issues to ESCO."

470

Design and Performance of an InGaAs-InP Single-Photon Avalanche Diode Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the design, fabrication, and performance of planar-geometry InGaAs-InP devices which were specifically developed for single-photon detection at a wavelength of 1550 nm. General performance issues such as dark count rate, single-photon detection efficiency, afterpulsing, and jitter are described.

Sara Pellegrini; Ryan E. Warburton; Lionel J. J. Tan; Jo Shien Ng; Andrey B. Krysa; Kristian Groom; John P. R. David; Sergio Cova; Michael J. Robertson; Gerald S. Buller

2006-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

471

Effective phase locking of an array of lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase locking of a 61-tube 8.5-mm-period honeycomb array of 100-ms-pulsed CO2 waveguide lasers (Glova et al., 1985) is achieved experimentally by varying the distance between an external coupling mirror and the laser aperture. The theoretical basis of the technique is explained, and the experimental results are presented graphically. Complete phase locking with lasing at single P and R-branch rotational transitions is obtained, in the 10-micron region at mirror distance 4.5-6 m and in the 9-micron region at mirror distance 6-7.0 m. 7 references.

Antiukhov, V.V.; Glova, A.F.; Kachurin, O.R.; Lebedev, F.V.; Likhanskii, V.V.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Single crystal to single crystal transition in (10, 3)-d framework with pyrazine-2-carboxylate ligand: Synthesis, structures and magnetism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Assembling of pyrazine-2-carboxylate (Pzc) acid with nickel chlorine under solvothermal condition with MeOH as solvent gave a porous complex 1 {l_brace}[Ni(Pzc)ClH{sub 2}O]{center_dot}MeOH{r_brace}{sub n} with 1D channels. In 1 the ligands and metal ions are connected by three of each other and a rare (10,3)-d topology net is gained. The MeOH molecules filled in the 1D channels as guests. It is interesting that 1 undergoes a single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation to another complex 2 when the guest MeOH molecules in the channels are exchanged by water molecules. Magnetic study indicates anti-ferromagnetic couplings exist in the two complexes and the guest exchange in the complex has little influence on the magnetism. - Graphical abstract: A porous complex 1 with rare (10,3)-d net was gained, and 1 underwent a single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation to another phase 2. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New (10,3)-d net was obtained with pyrazine-2-carboxylate ligands as a triangular node. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The complex 1 has a 1D channel filled with methanol molecules as guests. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 1 could undergo SCSC structural transition to 2 after guests exchanged. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Antiferromagnetic interactions were found in 1 and 2.

Yang, Qian [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China) [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Department of Chemistry, Tianjin Key Lab on Metal and Molecule-based Material Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Zhao, Jiong-Peng, E-mail: horryzhao@yahoo.com [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China)] [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Liu, Zhong-Yi [College of Chemistry, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Structure and Performance for Functional Molecules, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387 (China)] [College of Chemistry, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Structure and Performance for Functional Molecules, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Office of Inspector General | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages

Inspector General Inspector General Search Search form Search Office of Inspector General Office of Inspector General Services Services Home Hotline Whistleblower Ombudsman FOIA Reports Reports Home Calendar Year Reports Recovery Act Recovery Act Home Recovery Act Reports Peer Reviews DOE Directives Performance Strategic Plan Testimony Financial Statements Semiannual Reports Work Plan Mission Mission Home Audits & Inspections Investigations Management & Administration About Us About Us Home Leadership Careers Careers Home Auditor Criminal Investigator Inspector Other Positions Vacancies Audits & Inspections Investigations Management & Administration Field Offices Contact Us Offices You are here Energy Department » Office of Inspector General Office of Inspector General Office of Inspector General

474

Two-phase air-water stratified flow measurement using ultrasonic techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a time resolved ultrasound system was developed for investigating two-phase air-water stratified flow. The hardware of the system includes a pulsed wave transducer, a pulser/receiver, and a digital oscilloscope. The time domain cross correlation method is used to calculate the velocity profile along ultrasonic beam. The system is able to provide velocities with spatial resolution of around 1mm and the temporal resolution of 200?s. Experiments were carried out on single phase water flow and two-phase air-water stratified flow. For single phase water flow, the flow rates from ultrasound system were compared with those from electromagnetic flow (EM) meter, which showed good agreement. Then, the experiments were conducted on two-phase air-water stratified flow and the results were given. Compared with liquid height measurement from conductance probe, it indicated that the measured velocities were explainable.

Fan, Shiwei; Yan, Tinghu; Yeung, Hoi [School of Engineering, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL (United Kingdom)

2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

475

A Generalized Maximal Abelian Gauge in SU(3) Lattice Gauge Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a generalized Maximum Abelian Gauge (MAG). We work with this new gauge on 12^4 lattices for beta=5.7,5.8 and 16^4 lattices for beta=5.9,6.0. We also introduce a form of abelian projection related to the generalized MAG. We measure U(1)xU(1) wilson loops and single color magnetic current densities.

William W. Tucker; John D. Stack

2002-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

476

Direct, physically motivated derivation of triggering probabilities for spreading processes on generalized random networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a general expression for the probability of global spreading starting from a single infected seed for contagion processes acting on generalized, correlated random networks. We employ a simple probabilistic argument that encodes the spreading mechanism in an intuitive, physical fashion. We use our approach to directly and systematically obtain triggering probabilities for contagion processes acting on a series of interrelated random network families.

Dodds, Peter Sheridan; Payne, Joshua L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

A General Derivation of Pointer States: Decoherence and Classicality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of the present study is to derive the pointer states of a macroscopic system interacting with its environment, under the general assumptions, i.e., without assuming any form of the interaction Hamiltonian. The lowest order perturbation leads that the interaction energy shifts the phase factors of the state vectors. For a macroscopic system, these factors are the macroscopic quantities even for the very weak interaction. When we group the state vector of the total system by the view point of environmental side, the destructive interference occurs and the stationary phase approximation can be adopted. Only the pointer states then survive and the decoherence also occurs. The present approach is within the standard quantum mechanics as same as the standard decoherence theory, but the meaning of the classical state is much clear.

Kentaro Urasaki

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

478

An extremely sharp phase transition threshold for the slow growing hierarchy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

threshold point'. An everyday life example of this is the change from one material state to a different oneAn extremely sharp phase transition threshold for the slow growing hierarchy Andreas Weiermann of. This article is part of our general research program on phase transitions in logic

Weiermann, Andreas

479

Invariant color calculus and generalized Balitsky-Kovchegov hierarchy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We derive generalization of the Balitsky-Kovchegov (BK) equation for a dipole, which consists of a parton and an antiparton of arbitrary charge. At first, we develop one method of indexless transformation of color expressions. The method is based on an evaluation of the Casimir operator on a tensor product. From the Jalilian-MarianIancuMcLerranWeigertLeonidovKovner equation, we derive the evolution equation for a single parton and prove gluon Reggeization in an arbitrary color channel. We show that there is a color duplication of such Regge poles. Higher t-channel color exchange has its own Regge pole, which residue is proportional to the quadratic Casimir. Taking a fundamental representation, we derive the usual BK equation and shed new light on the meaning of linear and nonlinear terms. Finally, we discuss a linearized version of the generalized BK equation.

Alexey V. Popov

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

480

Generalized-Ensemble Algorithms for Protein Folding Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conventional simulations of complex systems in the canonical ensemble suffer from the quasi-ergodicity problem. A simulation in generalized ensemble overcomes this difficulty by performing a random walk in potential energy space and other parameter space. From only one simulation run, one can obtain canonical-ensemble averages of physical quantities as functions of temperature by the single-histogram and/or multiple-histogram reweighting techniques. In this article we review the generalized-ensemble algorithms. Three well-known methods, namely, multicanonical algorithm, simulated tempering, and replica-exchange method, are described first. Both Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics versions of the algorithms are given. We then present further extensions of the above three methods.

Yuji Sugita; Ayori Mitsutake; Yuko Okamoto

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

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481

QCD PHASE TRANSITIONS-VOLUME 15.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The title of the workshop, ''The QCD Phase Transitions'', in fact happened to be too narrow for its real contents. It would be more accurate to say that it was devoted to different phases of QCD and QCD-related gauge theories, with strong emphasis on discussion of the underlying non-perturbative mechanisms which manifest themselves as all those phases. Before we go to specifics, let us emphasize one important aspect of the present status of non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory in general. It remains true that its studies do not get attention proportional to the intellectual challenge they deserve, and that the theorists working on it remain very fragmented. The efforts to create Theory of Everything including Quantum Gravity have attracted the lion share of attention and young talent. Nevertheless, in the last few years there was also a tremendous progress and even some shift of attention toward emphasis on the unity of non-perturbative phenomena. For example, we have seen some. efforts to connect the lessons from recent progress in Supersymmetric theories with that in QCD, as derived from phenomenology and lattice. Another example is Maldacena conjecture and related development, which connect three things together, string theory, super-gravity and the (N=4) supersymmetric gauge theory. Although the progress mentioned is remarkable by itself, if we would listen to each other more we may have chance to strengthen the field and reach better understanding of the spectacular non-perturbative physics.

SCHAFER,T.

1998-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

482

Better Randomness with Single Photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Randomness is one of the most important resources in modern information science, since encryption founds upon the trust in random numbers. Since it is impossible to prove if an existing random bit string is truly random, it is relevant that they be generated in a trust worthy process. This requires specialized hardware for random numbers, for example a die or a tossed coin. But when all input parameters are known, their outcome might still be predicted. A quantum mechanical superposition allows for provably true random bit generation. In the past decade many quantum random number generators (QRNGs) were realized. A photonic implementation is described as a photon which impinges on a beam splitter, but such a protocol is rarely realized with non-classical light or anti-bunched single photons. Instead, laser sources or light emitting diodes are used. Here we analyze the difference in generating a true random bit string with a laser and with anti-bunched light. We show that a single photon source provides more r...

Oberreiter, Lukas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Single-Molecule Stochastic Resonance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stochastic resonance (SR) is a well-known phenomenon in dynamical systems. It consists of the amplification and optimization of the response of a system assisted by stochastic (random or probabilistic) noise. Here we carry out the first experimental study of SR in single DNA hairpins which exhibit cooperatively transitions from folded to unfolded configurations under the action of an oscillating mechanical force applied with optical tweezers. By varying the frequency of the force oscillation, we investigate the folding and unfolding kinetics of DNA hairpins in a periodically driven bistable free-energy potential. We measure several SR quantifiers under varied conditions of the experimental setup such as trap stiffness and length of the molecular handles used for single-molecule manipulation. We find that a good quantifier of the SR is the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the spectral density of measured fluctuations in molecular extension of the DNA hairpins. The frequency dependence of the SNR exhibits a peak at a frequency value given by the resonance-matching condition. Finally, we carry out experiments on short hairpins that show how SR might be useful for enhancing the detection of conformational molecular transitions of low SNR.

K. Hayashi; S. de Lorenzo; M. Manosas; J. M. Huguet; F. Ritort

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

484

Phase equilibrium data for development of correlations for coal fluids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of the authors' work is to develop accurate predictive methods for representations of vapor-liquid equilibria in systems encountered in coal-conversion processes. The objectives pursued in the present project include: (1) Measurements of binary vapor-liquid phase behavior data for selected solute gases (e.g., C{sub 2}H{sub 6}, CH{sub 4}) in a series of paraffinic, naphthenic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solvents to permit evaluations of interaction parameters in models for phase behavior. Solubilities of the gases in the liquid phase have been determined. (2) Evaluation of existing equations of state and other models for representations of phase behavior in systems of the type studied experimentally; development of new correlation frameworks as needed. (3) Generalization of the interaction parameters for the solutes studied to a wide spectrum of heavy solvents; presentation of final results in formats useful in the design/optimization of coal liquefaction processes.

Robinson, R.L. Jr.; Gasem, K.A.M.; Darwish, N.A.; Raff, A.M.

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Mutual Chern-Simons gauge theory of spontaneous vortex phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We apply the mutual Chern-Simons effective theory [Kou, Qi, and Weng, Phys. Rev. B 71, 235102 (2005)] of the doped Mott insulator to the study of the so-called spontaneous vortex phase in the low-temperature pseudogap region, which is characterized by strong unconventional superconducting fluctuations. An effective description for the spontaneous vortex phase is derived from the general mutual Chern-Simons Lagrangian, based on which the physical properties including the diamagnetism, spin paramagnetism, magnetoresistance, and the Nernst coefficient, have been quantitatively calculated. The phase boundaries of the spontaneous vortex phase, which sits between the onset temperature Tv and the superconducting transition temperature Tc, are also determined within the same framework. The results are consistent with the experimental measurements of the cuprates.

Xiao-Liang Qi and Zheng-Yu Weng

2007-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

486

PARS II Phased Project Reporting Process, V-2013-03-14 Page 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Phased Project Reporting Process, V-2013-03-14 Page 1 Phased Project Reporting Process, V-2013-03-14 Page 1 PARS II Process Document PROJECT PHASING (MULTIPLE CD-2 FROM SINGLE CD-1) PURPOSE The purpose of this document is to describe the process of entering, managing, and reporting projects in PARS II that adopted Phasing approach. SCOPE This process applies to projects that are managed as a larger program through CD1 but are executed in phases with parts of the projects reaching CD2 approvals earlier than the main project. PROCESS The main goal of the process is to ensure that as new projects are created for various phases of the original CD1 program, DOE portfolio is not overstated in portfolio reports and to ensure that linking is retained in PARS II between original CD1 program and resulting CD2 project phases.

487

Phase equilibrium studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A phase equilibrium model has been developed for the SRC-I process, as well as the other coal liquefaction processes. It is applicable to both vapor/liquid and liquid/liquid equilibria; it also provides an approximate but adequate description of aqueous mixtures where the volatile electrolyte components dissociate to form ionic species. This report completes the description of the model presented in an earlier report (Mathias and Stein, 1983a). Comparisons of the model to previously published data on coal-fluid mixtures are presented. Further, a preliminary analysis of new data on SRC-I coal fluids is presented. Finally, the current capabilities and deficiencies of the model are discussed. 25 references, 17 figures, 30 tables.

Mathias, P.M.; Stein, F.P.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Commensurate phases, incommensurate phases and the devils staircase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modulated structures with periods which are incommensurable (or high-order com-mensurable) with the basic lattice are quite common in condensed-matter physics. The structure may be another lattice, a periodic lattice distortion, a helical or sinusoidal magnetic structure, or a charge density wave in one, two or three dimensions. This review surveys recent theories on the transition between commensurate (C) and incommensurate (I) phases, and on the properties of the incommensurate phase. The predictions of theories will be compared with experiments. The CI transition is usually described in terms of wall, or soliton, formation. The nature of the transition and the structure of the I phase are quite different in two and three dimensions. In three dimensions the I phase seems to consist of an infinity of high-order locked C phases, which may or may not be separated by an infinity of truly incommensurate phases. This behaviour is known as the devils staircase. In two dimensions the incommensurate phase (at T # 0) is a floating phase without complete long-range order, and it does not lock-in at high-order commensurate phases. Phase diagrams are determined by the stability of two types of topological defects: walls, which destabilise the C phase with respect to I phases, and dislocations or vortices which generate paramagnetic or fluid phases. A consequence of this competition is that for sufficiently low order of commensurability the C and I phases are separated by a fluid phase. The properties of modulated systems can be studied by iterating certain area-preserving two-dimensional maps. Very recent studies indicate that, in addition to C and I phases, there are chaotic structures which are at least metastable. The chaotic regimes separate C and I phases and may be described as randomly pinned solitons. The relevance of the chaotic regimes to adsorbed monolayers, pinning of charge density waves, Peierls transitions and spin glasses is briefly discussed. This review was received in July 1981.

Per Bak

489

Free-energy power expansion for orientationally ordered phases: Energy and entropy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose an approach to the description of orientational phase transitions that utilizes the specific features of orientational energy and entropy. The approach is applied to building a model for nematic phases in materials with nonpolar parallelepiped-type molecules with symmetry D2h. The model operates with complex order parameters, generalizes the Landaude Gennes theory, and predicts the existence of a biaxial nematic phase for the fourth-order expansion of free energy.

Sergij V. Shiyanovskii

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

490

Photon tunnelling microscopy of polyethylene single crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photon tunnelling microscopy of polyethylene single crystals Mohan Srinivasarao* and Richard S:photon tunnellingmicroscopy;single crystals; polyethylene) INTRODUCTION The study of morphology of polymers is an area

Srinivasarao, Mohan

491

Single-Molecule Imaging in Live Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of how single-molecule imaging is achieved in live cells. The ... with a particular focus on how they influence single-molecule imaging in live cells. A few fluoresc...

Jie Xiao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Martensitic transformation in NiMnGa single crystals: Numerical simulation and experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is based on a detailed description of the stored energy. Furthermore, the energy dissipation due to phase microstructures in single crystals and the related energy dissipation can be predicted to some extent for SMAs. Let us name, without any ambitions for completeness, the models of Artemev et al. (2000), Falk

Arndt, Marcel

493

Single tensionless transition in the Laplacian roughening model Juan Jess Ruiz-Lorenzo,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single tensionless transition in the Laplacian roughening model Juan Jesús Ruiz-Lorenzo,1 Esteban Laplacian roughening dLr model, originally introduced as the simplest one accommodating the hexatic phase in two-dimensional melting. The dLr model is also relevant to surface roughening in molecular beam

Cuerno, Rodolfo

494

Self-Assembly in Chains, Rings, and Branches: A Single Component System with Two Critical Points  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-Assembly in Chains, Rings, and Branches: A Single Component System with Two Critical Points October 2013) We study the interplay between phase separation and self-assembly in chains, rings. The emergence of the lower critical point is caused by the self-assembly of rings taking place in the vapor

Sciortino, Francesco