Sample records for general linear model

  1. GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELS WITH REGULARIZATION A DISSERTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hastie, Trevor

    GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELS WITH REGULARIZATION A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT Park 2006 All Rights Reserved ii #12;I certify that I have read this dissertation and that, in my opinion, it is fully adequate in scope and quality as a dissertation for the degree of Doctor

  2. EXTENSIONS OF GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELING APPROACH TO STOCHASTIC WEATHER GENERATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    weather) -- Software R open source statistical programming language: Function glm "Family;(2) Generalized Linear Models Statistical Framework -- Multiple Regression Analysis (Linear model or LM) Response

  3. Double Generalized Linear Models: Approximate REML and Diagnostics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smyth, Gordon K.

    added com­ plication in a generalized linear model setting by adjusting the working vector and working the dispersion will be of direct interest in its own right, to identify the sources of variability

  4. GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELING APPROACH TO STOCHASTIC WEATHER GENERATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    ) Multisites (Spatial dependence of daily weather) -- Software R open source statistical programming language (Capable of "reproducing" any desired statistic) -- Disadvantages Synthetic weather looks too much like") Not amenable to uncertainty analysis #12;#12;#12;(2) Generalized Linear Models · Statistical Framework

  5. Dirichlet Process Mixtures of Generalized Linear Models Lauren A. Hannah David M. Blei Warren B. Powell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blei, David M.

    a linear transformation of co- variates through a possibly non-linear link function to generate a response of generalized linear models (DP-GLMs), a Bayesian nonparametric regression model that combines the advantages of gen- eralized linear models with the flexibility of nonpara- metric regression. A DP-GLM produces

  6. Efficient Learning of Generalized Linear and Single Index Models with Isotonic Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Efficient Learning of Generalized Linear and Single Index Models with Isotonic Regression Sham M) provide powerful generalizations of linear regression, where the target variable is assumed to be a (possibly unknown) 1-dimensional function of a linear predictor. In gen- eral, these problems entail non

  7. Reduced-rank Vector Generalized Linear Models Thomas W. Yee,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hastie, Trevor

    . Keywords: Canonical correspondence analysis; Linear discriminant analysis; Neural networks; Non- parametric the reduced-rank regression idea has been applied to non-Gaussian errors is the MLM. This was proposed such as neural networks, projection pursuit regression, linear discriminant analysis, canonical correspondence

  8. Inference for Clustered Mixed Outcomes from a Multivariate Generalized Linear Mixed Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Hsiang-Chun

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and E(?i2t?) with their marginal expectations over X, ??1 = EX {E(?i1t)} and ??2 = EX {E(?i2t)}, which are shown in the previous subsections. In other words, the overall total-CC is ?total = KtotalN,1,2 (??1, ??2) KtotalD,1,2 (??1, ??2) . 3.2.4....2 Multivariate Generalized Linear Mixed Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.3 Assessing Correlation in Generalized Linear Mixed Model . . . . . . . 8 2.4 Bayesian Method for the Generalized Linear Mixed Model . . . . . . 10 3. ASSESSING CORRELATION...

  9. Generalized Linear Quadratic Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gattami, Ather Said

    We consider the problem of stochastic finite- and infinite-horizon linear quadratic control under power constraints. The calculations of the optimal control law can be done off-line as in the classical linear quadratic ...

  10. Predicting oropharyngeal tumor volume throughout the course of radiation therapy from pretreatment computed tomography data using general linear models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yock, Adam D., E-mail: ADYock@mdanderson.org; Kudchadker, Rajat J. [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Rao, Arvind [Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Dong, Lei [Scripps Proton Therapy Center, San Diego, California 92121 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Scripps Proton Therapy Center, San Diego, California 92121 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Beadle, Beth M.; Garden, Adam S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Court, Laurence E. [Department of Radiation Physics and Department of Imaging Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Physics and Department of Imaging Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The purpose of this work was to develop and evaluate the accuracy of several predictive models of variation in tumor volume throughout the course of radiation therapy. Methods: Nineteen patients with oropharyngeal cancers were imaged daily with CT-on-rails for image-guided alignment per an institutional protocol. The daily volumes of 35 tumors in these 19 patients were determined and used to generate (1) a linear model in which tumor volume changed at a constant rate, (2) a general linear model that utilized the power fit relationship between the daily and initial tumor volumes, and (3) a functional general linear model that identified and exploited the primary modes of variation between time series describing the changing tumor volumes. Primary and nodal tumor volumes were examined separately. The accuracy of these models in predicting daily tumor volumes were compared with those of static and linear reference models using leave-one-out cross-validation. Results: In predicting the daily volume of primary tumors, the general linear model and the functional general linear model were more accurate than the static reference model by 9.9% (range: ?11.6%–23.8%) and 14.6% (range: ?7.3%–27.5%), respectively, and were more accurate than the linear reference model by 14.2% (range: ?6.8%–40.3%) and 13.1% (range: ?1.5%–52.5%), respectively. In predicting the daily volume of nodal tumors, only the 14.4% (range: ?11.1%–20.5%) improvement in accuracy of the functional general linear model compared to the static reference model was statistically significant. Conclusions: A general linear model and a functional general linear model trained on data from a small population of patients can predict the primary tumor volume throughout the course of radiation therapy with greater accuracy than standard reference models. These more accurate models may increase the prognostic value of information about the tumor garnered from pretreatment computed tomography images and facilitate improved treatment management.

  11. Quantization of general linear electrodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rivera, Sergio; Schuller, Frederic P. [Albert Einstein Institute, Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Am Muehlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam (Germany)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    General linear electrodynamics allow for an arbitrary linear constitutive relation between the field strength 2-form and induction 2-form density if crucial hyperbolicity and energy conditions are satisfied, which render the theory predictive and physically interpretable. Taking into account the higher-order polynomial dispersion relation and associated causal structure of general linear electrodynamics, we carefully develop its Hamiltonian formulation from first principles. Canonical quantization of the resulting constrained system then results in a quantum vacuum which is sensitive to the constitutive tensor of the classical theory. As an application we calculate the Casimir effect in a birefringent linear optical medium.

  12. A Generalized Linear Transport Model for Spatially-Correlated Stochastic Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anthony B. Davis; Feng Xu

    2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We formulate a new model for transport in stochastic media with long-range spatial correlations where exponential attenuation (controlling the propagation part of the transport) becomes power law. Direct transmission over optical distance $\\tau(s)$, for fixed physical distance $s$, thus becomes $(1+\\tau(s)/a)^{-a}$, with standard exponential decay recovered when $a\\to\\infty$. Atmospheric turbulence phenomenology for fluctuating optical properties rationalizes this switch. Foundational equations for this generalized transport model are stated in integral form for $d=1,2,3$ spatial dimensions. A deterministic numerical solution is developed in $d=1$ using Markov Chain formalism, verified with Monte Carlo, and used to investigate internal radiation fields. Standard two-stream theory, where diffusion is exact, is recovered when $a=\\infty$. Differential diffusion equations are not presently known when $a<\\infty$, nor is the integro-differential form of the generalized transport equation. Monte Carlo simulations are performed in $d=2$, as a model for transport on random surfaces, to explore scaling behavior of transmittance $T$ when transport optical thickness $\\tau_\\text{t} \\gg 1$. Random walk theory correctly predicts $T \\propto \\tau_\\text{t}^{-\\min\\{1,a/2\\}}$ in the absence of absorption. Finally, single scattering theory in $d=3$ highlights the model's violation of angular reciprocity when $a<\\infty$, a desirable property at least in atmospheric applications. This violation is traced back to a key trait of generalized transport theory, namely, that we must distinguish more carefully between two kinds of propagation: one that ends in a virtual or actual detection, the other in a transition from one position to another in the medium.

  13. Optimal linear Glauber model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaon Sahoo; Soumya Kanti Ganguly

    2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contrary to the actual nonlinear Glauber model (NLGM), the linear Glauber model (LGM) is exactly solvable, although the detailed balance condition is not generally satisfied. This motivates us to address the issue of writing the transition rate ($w_j$) in a best possible linear form such that the mean squared error in satisfying the detailed balance condition is least. The advantage of this work is that, by studying the LGM analytically, we will be able to anticipate how the kinetic properties of an arbitrary Ising system depend on the temperature and the coupling constants. The analytical expressions for the optimal values of the parameters involved in the linear $w_j$ are obtained using a simple Moore-Penrose pseudoinverse matrix. This approach is quite general, in principle applicable to any system and can reproduce the exact results for one dimensional Ising system. In the continuum limit, we get a linear time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) equation from the Glauber's microscopic model of non-conservative dynamics. We analyze the critical and dynamic properties of the model, and show that most of the important results obtained in different studies can be reproduced by our new mathematical approach. We will also show in this paper that the effect of magnetic field can easily be studied within our approach; in particular, we show that the inverse of relaxation time changes quadratically with (weak) magnetic field and that the fluctuation-dissipation theorem is valid for our model.

  14. Journal of Machine Learning Research 1 (2011) 1-33 Submitted 9/09, Revised 7/10, 1/11; Published 5/11 Dirichlet Process Mixtures of Generalized Linear Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blei, David M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    characterizes the deviation of the response from its conditional mean. The simplest example is linear regression. Generalized linear models (GLMs) extend linear regression to many types of response variables (Mc a linear function; a non-linear function may be applied to the output of the linear function, but only one

  15. Testing Lack-of-Fit of Generalized Linear Models via Laplace Approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glab, Daniel Laurence

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    , the use of noninformative priors produces a new omnibus lack-of-fit statistic. iv We present a thorough numerical study of the proposed test and the various exist- ing orthogonal series-based tests in the context of the logistic regression model. Simula... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1.4.1 The Lack-of-Fit Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 1.4.2 Smoothing-based Tests of Fit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 1.5 Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 II TESTS OF FIT FOR LOGISTIC...

  16. Goodness-of-Fit Test Issues in Generalized Linear Mixed Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Nai-Wei

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    checking of Case 1 for (1)ZSm and (2)cS tran m . . . 58 13 Results of the type I error rate of Sm by using local polynomial smoothed residuals are computed based on the scaled chi-squared distribution cSm...-cluster interaction term of fixed effects between two con- tinuous covariates when the alternative model (4.6) is assumed. . . . 64 17 Results of controlling type I error rate of Sm by using local poly- nomial smoothed residuals are computed based on cSm when...

  17. Varying-Coefficient Functional Linear Regression Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardot, Hervé

    Varying-Coefficient Functional Linear Regression Models Herv´e Cardot1 and Pascal Sarda2 1, the ability of such non linear functional approaches to produce competitive estimations. Short title : Varying monograph. We propose here another generalization of the functional linear regression model in which

  18. GENERALIZED DUAL FACE ALGORITHM FOR LINEAR ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    1991 Mathematics Subject Classification. Primary 90C05; Secondary 65K05. Key words and phrases. linear programming, dual level face, dual optimal face .

  19. Higher-Order Partial Least Squares (HOPLS): A Generalized Multi-Linear Regression Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cichocki, Andrzej

    1 Higher-Order Partial Least Squares (HOPLS): A Generalized Multi-Linear Regression Method Qibin Regression (PLSR) - a multivariate method which, in contrast to Multiple Linear Regression (MLR. A standard way to optimize the model parameters is the Non- linear Iterative Partial Least Squares (NIPALS

  20. High dimensional linear inverse modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Fenwick C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce and demonstrate two linear inverse modelling methods for systems of stochastic ODE's with accuracy that is independent of the dimensionality (number of elements) of the state vector representing the system in question. Truncation of the state space is not required. Instead we rely on the principle that perturbations decay with distance or the fact that for many systems, the state of each data point is only determined at an instant by itself and its neighbours. We further show that all necessary calculations, as well as numerical integration of the resulting linear stochastic system, require computational time and memory proportional to the dimensionality of the state vector.

  1. Linear Supply Function Equilibrium: Generalizations, Application, and Limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    reforms in England and Wales (E&W). Green (1996) used a linear version of this model and applied in the electricity industry. Recent reforms of the electricity industry around the world have stimulated numerous

  2. Ocean General Circulation Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoon, Jin-Ho; Ma, Po-Lun

    2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    1. Definition of Subject The purpose of this text is to provide an introduction to aspects of oceanic general circulation models (OGCMs), an important component of Climate System or Earth System Model (ESM). The role of the ocean in ESMs is described in Chapter XX (EDITOR: PLEASE FIND THE COUPLED CLIMATE or EARTH SYSTEM MODELING CHAPTERS). The emerging need for understanding the Earth’s climate system and especially projecting its future evolution has encouraged scientists to explore the dynamical, physical, and biogeochemical processes in the ocean. Understanding the role of these processes in the climate system is an interesting and challenging scientific subject. For example, a research question how much extra heat or CO2 generated by anthropogenic activities can be stored in the deep ocean is not only scientifically interesting but also important in projecting future climate of the earth. Thus, OGCMs have been developed and applied to investigate the various oceanic processes and their role in the climate system.

  3. Testing Linear Properties: Some general themes Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Testing Linear Properties: Some general themes Madhu Sudan January 20, 2011 Abstract The last two] and Babai, Fortnow and Lund [3]. The formal definition appeared later in the work of Rubinfeld and Sudan [43 as locally testable codes (defined in [43], studied systematically by Goldreich and Sudan [25

  4. Error Control of Iterative Linear Solvers for Integrated Groundwater Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bai, Zhaojun

    gradient method or Generalized Minimum RESidual (GMRES) method, is how to choose the residual tolerance for integrated groundwater models, which are implicitly coupled to another model, such as surface water models the correspondence between the residual error in the preconditioned linear system and the solution error. Using

  5. Reformulations, Relaxations and Cutting Planes for Linear Generalized Disjunctive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    model allows for a combination of algebraic and logical equations through disjunctions and logic by Raman and Grossmann [1994], is an extension of the well-known disjunctive programming paradigm developed the underlying logical structure of the problem, in both the linear [Raman & Grossmann, 1994] and nonlinear cases

  6. Generalized linear Boltzmann equations for particle transport in polycrystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jens Marklof; Andreas Strömbergsson

    2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The linear Boltzmann equation describes the macroscopic transport of a gas of non-interacting point particles in low-density matter. It has wide-ranging applications, including neutron transport, radiative transfer, semiconductors and ocean wave scattering. Recent research shows that the equation fails in highly-correlated media, where the distribution of free path lengths is non-exponential. We investigate this phenomenon in the case of polycrystals whose typical grain size is comparable to the mean free path length. Our principal result is a new generalized linear Boltzmann equation that captures the long-range memory effects in this setting. A key feature is that the distribution of free path lengths has an exponential decay rate, as opposed to a power-law distribution observed in a single crystal.

  7. Photon emission within the linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Wunderlich; B. Kampfer

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Soft-photon emission rates are calculated within the linear sigma model. The investigation is aimed at answering the question to which extent the emissivities map out the phase structure of this particular effective model of strongly interacting matter.

  8. Generalized space and linear momentum operators in quantum mechanics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Costa, Bruno G. da, E-mail: bruno.costa@ifsertao-pe.edu.br [Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Sertão Pernambucano, Campus Petrolina, BR 407, km 08, 56314-520 Petrolina, Pernambuco (Brazil); Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal da Bahia, R. Barão de Jeremoabo s/n, 40170-115 Salvador, Bahia (Brazil); Borges, Ernesto P., E-mail: ernesto@ufba.br [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal da Bahia, R. Barão de Jeremoabo s/n, 40170-115 Salvador, Bahia (Brazil)

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a modification of a recently introduced generalized translation operator, by including a q-exponential factor, which implies in the definition of a Hermitian deformed linear momentum operator p{sup ^}{sub q}, and its canonically conjugate deformed position operator x{sup ^}{sub q}. A canonical transformation leads the Hamiltonian of a position-dependent mass particle to another Hamiltonian of a particle with constant mass in a conservative force field of a deformed phase space. The equation of motion for the classical phase space may be expressed in terms of the generalized dual q-derivative. A position-dependent mass confined in an infinite square potential well is shown as an instance. Uncertainty and correspondence principles are analyzed.

  9. STATISTICAL MODEL OF SYSTEMATIC ERRORS: LINEAR ERROR MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudnyi, Evgenii B.

    to apply. The algorithm to maximize a likelihood function in the case of a non-linear physico - the same variances of errors 3.1. One-way classification 3.2. Linear regression 4. Real case (vaporizationSTATISTICAL MODEL OF SYSTEMATIC ERRORS: LINEAR ERROR MODEL E.B. Rudnyi Department of Chemistry

  10. Prediction Intervals in Generalized Linear Mixed Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Cheng-Hsueh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3.1. BLP Based Prediction Intervals………………………………………..……3.2. BP Based Prediction Intervals………………..………………………..……4.1.1. BLP Based Prediction Interval………………………………………. 4.1.2.

  11. Rao-Blackwellization for Bayesian Variable Selection and Model Averaging in Linear and Binary Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Mike

    of covariates to use in regression or generalized linear models is a ubiquitous problem. The Bayesian paradigm regression and binary re- gression with non-orthogonal design matrices in conjunction with independent "spike and kernel regression (Clyde and George 2004). The generalization of the Gaussian linear model to other

  12. Robust Linearization of RF Amplifiers Using NonLinear Internal Model Control Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Robust Linearization of RF Amplifiers Using NonLinear Internal Model Control Method Smail Bachir #1, the nonlinear Internal Model Control (IMC) method is introduced and applied to linearize high frequency Power to be controlled [8]. If the model is a perfect representation of the non linear system, the controller can

  13. The cone condition and nonsmoothness in linear generalized Nash ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 13, 2015 ... ?Institute of Operations Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), ... In the present paper we shall assume linearity of the cost functions ...

  14. Introduction to Statistical Linear Models Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of multivariate data and in the language of matrices and vectors. Broad introduction to MATLAB/Octave, R (SSyllabus Introduction to Statistical Linear Models 960:577:01 Spring 2005 Instructor: Farid Statistical Analysis" Fifth edition, Prentice Hall, 2002. Other sources may be required and will be posted

  15. Estimation of linear autoregressive models with Markov-switching, the E.M. algorithm revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rynkiewicz, Joseph

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work concerns estimation of linear autoregressive models with Markov-switching using expectation maximisation (E.M.) algorithm. Our method generalise the method introduced by Elliot for general hidden Markov models and avoid to use backward recursion.

  16. Attracted to de Sitter: cosmology of the linear Horndeski models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin-Moruno, Prado; Lobo, Francisco S N

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider Horndeski cosmological models, with a minisuperspace Lagrangian linear in the field derivative, that are able to screen any vacuum energy and material content leading to a spatially flat de Sitter vacuum fixed by the theory itself. Furthermore, we investigate particular models with a cosmic evolution independent of the material content and use them to understand the general characteristics of this framework. We also consider more realistic models, which we denote the "term-by-term" and "tripod" models, focusing attention on cases in which the critical point is indeed an attractor solution and the cosmological history is of particular interest.

  17. Attracted to de Sitter: cosmology of the linear Horndeski models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prado Martin-Moruno; Nelson J. Nunes; Francisco S. N. Lobo

    2015-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider Horndeski cosmological models, with a minisuperspace Lagrangian linear in the field derivative, that are able to screen any vacuum energy and material content leading to a spatially flat de Sitter vacuum fixed by the theory itself. Furthermore, we investigate particular models with a cosmic evolution independent of the material content and use them to understand the general characteristics of this framework. We also consider more realistic models, which we denote the "term-by-term" and "tripod" models, focusing attention on cases in which the critical point is indeed an attractor solution and the cosmological history is of particular interest.

  18. Trajectory Free Linear Model Predictive Control for Stable Walking in the Presence of Strong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Trajectory Free Linear Model Predictive Control for Stable Walking in the Presence of Strong of the dynamics of the robot and propose a new Linear Model Predictive Control scheme which is an improvement are unfortunately severely limited. Model Predictive Control, also known as Receding Horizon Control, is a general

  19. A General Result on the Stabilization of Linear Systems Using Bounded Controls 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    A General Result on the Stabilization of Linear Systems Using Bounded Controls 1 H'ector J of controllers that globally stabilize linear systems subject to control saturation. We allow essentially words: linear systems, saturated actuators, bounded controls, neural nets October, 1992. Revised

  20. A General Result on the Stabilization of Linear Systems Using Bounded Controls1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    A General Result on the Stabilization of Linear Systems Using Bounded Controls1 H´ector J. Sussmann that globally stabilize linear systems subject to control saturation. We allow essentially arbitrary saturation- braic) linear control theory, but are ubiquitous in control applications. To quote the recent textbook

  1. Partially linear models with unit roots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juhl, Ted P.; Xiao, Z. J.

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~y tH110021 * H11002 [y tH110021 * !~e t H11002 [e t H11001g~x t !H11002 [g~x t !! Zf t 2 H11001o p ~1!+ PARTIALLY LINEAR MODELS WITH UNIT ROOTS 897 The theorem holds because 1 N 2 ( tH110051 N ~y tH110021 * H11002 [y tH110021 * ! 2 Zf t 2 nE~f 2 !s v... in econometrics+ One type of these models is the following partially linear regression: y t H11005g ' z t H11001g~x t !H11001e t , tH110051,+++,N, (1.1) where g~{! is an unknown real function and g is the vector of unknown param- eters that we want to estimate...

  2. Generalized Ultrametric Semilattices of Linear Signals Eleftherios Matsikoudis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foundation (NSF awards \\#0720882 (CSR-EHS: PRET), \\#0931843 (CPS: Large: ActionWebs), and \\#1035672 (CPS as the points at which the signal is defined. Such signals are essential to the mathematical modelling of timed

  3. Chaos synchronization of the master-slave generalized Lorenz systems via linear state error feedback control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiaofeng Wu; Guanrong Chen; Jianping Cai

    2008-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a unified method for analyzing chaos synchronization of the generalized Lorenz systems. The considered synchronization scheme consists of identical master and slave generalized Lorenz systems coupled by linear state error variables. A sufficient synchronization criterion for a general linear state error feedback controller is rigorously proven by means of linearization and Lyapunov's direct methods. When a simple linear controller is used in the scheme, some easily implemented algebraic synchronization conditions are derived based on the upper and lower bounds of the master chaotic system. These criteria are further optimized to improve their sharpness. The optimized criteria are then applied to four typical generalized Lorenz systems, i.e. the classical Lorenz system, the Chen system, the Lv system and a unified chaotic system, obtaining precise corresponding synchronization conditions. The advantages of the new criteria are revealed by analytically and numerically comparing their sharpness with that of the known criteria existing in the literature.

  4. Solving the quadratic assignment problem by means of general purpose mixed integer linear programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beltran-Royo, Cesar

    integer linear programming. 1. Introduction In 1957, the Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP) was introducedSolving the quadratic assignment problem by means of general purpose mixed integer linear programming solvers Huizhen Zhang Cesar Beltran-Royo Liang Ma 19/04/2010 Abstract The Quadratic Assignment

  5. On Some Models in Linear Thermo-Elasticity with Rational Material Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santwana Mukhopadhyay; Rainer Picard; Sascha Trostorff; Marcus Waurick

    2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We shall consider some common models in linear thermo-elasticity within a common structural framework. Due to the flexibility of the structural perspective we will obtain well-posedness results for a large class of generalized models allowing for more general material properties such as anisotropies, inhomogeneities, etc.

  6. Modeling Timed Concurrent Systems using Generalized Ultrametrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling Timed Concurrent Systems using Generalized Ultrametrics Xiaojun Liu Eleftherios Matsikoudis Edward A. Lee Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California at Berkeley to lists, requires prior specific permission. #12;Modeling Timed Concurrent Systems using Generalized

  7. The left invariant metric in the general linear group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andruchow, Esteban; Recht, Lazaro; Varela, Alejandro

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Left invariant metrics induced by the p-norms of the trace in the matrix algebra are studied on the general lineal group. By means of the Euler-Lagrange equations, existence and uniqueness of extremal paths for the length functional are established, and regularity properties of these extremal paths are obtained. Minimizing paths in the group are shown to have a velocity with constant singular values and multiplicity. In several special cases, these geodesic paths are computed explicitly. In particular the Riemannian geodesics, corresponding to the case p=2, are characterized as the product of two one-parameter groups. It is also shown that geodesics are one-parameter groups if and only if the initial velocity is a normal matrix. These results are further extended to the context of compact operators with p-summable spectrum, where a differential equation for the spectral projections of the velocity vector of an extremal path is obtained.

  8. Non-linear regression models for Approximate Bayesian Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert, Christian P.

    Non-linear regression models for Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) Michael Blum Olivier ABC #12;Blum and OF (2009) suggest the use of non-linear conditional heteroscedastic regression models) Linear regression-based ABC can sometimes be improved #12;abc of ABC Using stochastic simulations

  9. PD Dr. Martin Stetter, Siemens AG 1 Das lineare Modell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popeea, Corneliu - Chair for Foundations of Software Reliability and Theoretical Computer Science

    PD Dr. Martin Stetter, Siemens AG 1 Das lineare Modell · Ausgangspunkt: Lineares Perceptron vorgegeben, werden nicht gelernt #12;PD Dr. Martin Stetter, Siemens AG 2 · Geschrieben als Regressionsmodell Regression: Lineares Modell #12;PD Dr. Martin Stetter, Siemens AG 3 · ML-Parameterschätzung des linearen

  10. PROBABILISTIC AUTO-ASSOCIATIVE MODELS AND SEMI-LINEAR PCA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to this family of approaches, non-linear transformation of the original data set [7, 3] too. The auto-associative neural networks can also be view as a non-linear PCA model [2, 27, 4, 19]. In [13] we propose the auto that the projection function is linear and let the regression function be arbitrary. We call the resulting AAM

  11. Maximal freedom at minimum cost: linear large-scale structure in general modifications of gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emilio Bellini; Ignacy Sawicki

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a turnkey solution, ready for implementation in numerical codes, for the study of linear structure formation in general scalar-tensor models involving a single universally coupled scalar field. We show that the totality of cosmological information on the gravitational sector can be compressed - without any redundancy - into five independent and arbitrary functions of time only and one constant. These describe physical properties of the universe: the observable background expansion history, fractional matter density today, and four functions of time describing the properties of the dark energy. We show that two of those dark-energy property functions control the existence of anisotropic stress, the other two - dark-energy clustering, both of which are can be scale-dependent. All these properties can in principle be measured, but no information on the underlying theory of acceleration beyond this can be obtained. We present a translation between popular models of late-time acceleration (e.g. perfect fluids, f (R), kinetic gravity braiding, galileons), as well as the effective field theory framework, and our formulation. In this way, implementing this formulation numerically would give a single tool which could consistently test the majority of models of late-time acceleration heretofore proposed.

  12. Factoring Gaussian Precision Matrices for Linear Dynamic Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frankel, Joe; King, Simon

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The linear dynamic model (LDM), also known as the Kalman filter model, has been the subject of research in the engineering, control, and more recently, machine learning and speech technology communities. The Gaussian noise processes are usually...

  13. A FAMILY OF STEADY TWO-PHASE GENERALIZED FORCHHEIMER FLOWS AND THEIR LINEAR STABILITY ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the additional nonlinearity in the momentum equation. For example, unlike the Darcy flows, there is no Kruzkov in porous media using generalized Forchheimer equations and the capillary pressure. Firstly, we find stability of those steady states. The linearized system is derived and reduced to a parabolic equation

  14. Evolution Operators for Linearly Polarized Two-Killing Cosmological Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Fernando Barbero G.; Daniel Gómez Vergel; Eduardo J. S. Villaseñor

    2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a general procedure to obtain non perturbative evolution operators in closed form for quantized linearly polarized two Killing vector reductions of general relativity with a cosmological interpretation. We study the representation of these operators in Fock spaces and discuss in detail the conditions leading to unitary evolutions.

  15. Generalization of neuron network model with delay feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanjeet Maisnam; R. K. Brojen Singh

    2015-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We present generalized delayed neural network (DNN) model with positive delay feedback and neuron history. The local stability analysis around trivial local equilibria of delayed neural networks has applied and determine the conditions for the existence of zero root. We develop few innovative delayed neural network models in different dimensions through transformation and extension of some existing models. We found that zero root can have multiplicity two under certain conditions. We further show how the characteristic equation can have zero root and its multiplicity is dependent on the conditions undertaken. Finally, we generalize the neural network of $N$ neurons through which we determine the general form of Jacobian of the linear form and corresponding characteristic equation of the system.

  16. Recurrence and non-ergodicity in generalized wind-tree models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krzysztof Fr?czek; Pascal Hubert

    2015-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we consider generalized wind-tree models and $\\Z^d$-covers over compact translation surfaces. Under suitable hypothesis, we prove recurrence of the linear flow in a generic direction and non-ergodicity of Lebesgue measure.

  17. Lineales: Algebraic Models of Linear Logic from a Categorical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Paiva, Valeria

    Lineales: Algebraic Models of Linear Logic from a Categorical Perspective Valeria de Paiva with category theory. A secondary aim is to argue for the virtues of Lineales as algebraic structures supporting This paper describes algebraic semantics for (intuitionistic and classical) propositional linear logic, using

  18. Characteristics of identifying linear dynamic models from impulse response data using Prony analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trudnowski, D.J.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the characteristics of fitting linear dynamic models to the impulse response of oscillatory dynamic systems using Prony analysis. Many dynamic systems exhibit oscillatory responses with multiple modes of oscillations. Although the underlying dynamics of such systems are often nonlinear, it is frequently possible and very useful to represent the system operating about some set point with a linear model. Derivation of such linear models can be done using two basic approaches: model the system using theoretical derivations and some linearization method such as a Taylor series expansion; or use a curve-fitting technique to optimally fit a linear model to specified system response data. Prony analysis belongs to the second class of system modeling because it is a method of fitting a linear model to the impulse response of a dynamic system. Its parallel formulation inherently makes it well suited for fitting models to oscillatory system data. Such oscillatory dynamic effects occur in large synchronous-generator-based power systems in the form of electromechanical oscillations. To study and characterize these oscillatory dynamics, BPA has developed computer codes to analyze system data using Prony analysis. The objective of this study was to develop a highly detailed understanding of the properties of using Prony analysis to fit models to systems with characteristics often encountered in power systems. This understanding was then extended to develop general ``rules-of-thumb`` for using Prony analysis. The general characteristics were investigated by performing fits to data from known linear models under controlled conditions. The conditions studied include various mathematical solution techniques; different parent system configurations; and a large variety of underlying noise characteristics.

  19. Characteristics of identifying linear dynamic models from impulse response data using Prony analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trudnowski, D.J.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the characteristics of fitting linear dynamic models to the impulse response of oscillatory dynamic systems using Prony analysis. Many dynamic systems exhibit oscillatory responses with multiple modes of oscillations. Although the underlying dynamics of such systems are often nonlinear, it is frequently possible and very useful to represent the system operating about some set point with a linear model. Derivation of such linear models can be done using two basic approaches: model the system using theoretical derivations and some linearization method such as a Taylor series expansion; or use a curve-fitting technique to optimally fit a linear model to specified system response data. Prony analysis belongs to the second class of system modeling because it is a method of fitting a linear model to the impulse response of a dynamic system. Its parallel formulation inherently makes it well suited for fitting models to oscillatory system data. Such oscillatory dynamic effects occur in large synchronous-generator-based power systems in the form of electromechanical oscillations. To study and characterize these oscillatory dynamics, BPA has developed computer codes to analyze system data using Prony analysis. The objective of this study was to develop a highly detailed understanding of the properties of using Prony analysis to fit models to systems with characteristics often encountered in power systems. This understanding was then extended to develop general rules-of-thumb'' for using Prony analysis. The general characteristics were investigated by performing fits to data from known linear models under controlled conditions. The conditions studied include various mathematical solution techniques; different parent system configurations; and a large variety of underlying noise characteristics.

  20. A Linear Parabolic Trough Solar Collector Performance Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, M.; Archer, D.; Masson, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A performance model has been programmed for solar thermal collector based on a linear, tracking parabolic trough reflector focused on a surface-treated metallic pipe receiver enclosed in an evacuated transparent tube: a Parabolic Trough Solar...

  1. Model Error Correction for Linear Methods in PET Neuroreceptor Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renaut, Rosemary

    Model Error Correction for Linear Methods in PET Neuroreceptor Measurements Hongbin Guo address: hguo1@asu.edu (Hongbin Guo) Preprint submitted to NeuroImage December 11, 2008 #12;reached. A new

  2. Generalized second law at linear order for actions that are functions of Lovelock densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudipta Sarkar; Aron C. Wall

    2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article we consider the second law of black holes (and other causal horizons) in theories where the gravitational action is an arbitrary function of the Lovelock densities. We show that there exists an entropy which increases locally, for linearized perturbations to regular Killing horizons. In addition to a classical increase theorem, we also prove a generalized second law for semiclassical, minimally-coupled matter fields.

  3. Superconformal generalizations of the Starobinsky model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kallosh, Renata; Linde, Andrei, E-mail: kallosh@stanford.edu, E-mail: alinde@stanford.edu [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We find a way to represent the Starobinsky model in terms of a simple conformally invariant theory with spontaneous symmetry breaking. We also present a superconformal theory, which, upon spontaneous breaking of the superconformal symmetry, provides a consistent supergravity generalization of the Starobinsky model.

  4. Assessing the reliability of linear dynamic transformer thermal modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessing the reliability of linear dynamic transformer thermal modelling X. Mao, D.J. Tylavsky and G.A. McCulla Abstract: Improving the utilisation of transformers requires that the hot-spot and top. An alternative method for assessing transformer model reliability is provided. 1 Introduction The maximally

  5. First Order Linear Differential Equations The general first-order linear ordinary differential operator may be written*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boardman, J. Michael

    JMB File: linde, Revision A; 30 Aug 2001; Page 1 #12;2 First Order Linear: linde, Revision A; 30 Aug 2001; Page 2

  6. Non-linear approximations for solving 3D-packing MIP models: a ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manlio.Parisch

    2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    MIP models: a heuristic approach ... three-dimensional packing, MIP/MINLP models, linear/non-linear ..... Springer Science + Business Media, New York.

  7. Dynamical models with a general anisotropy profile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Baes; E. Van Hese

    2007-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Both numerical simulations and observational evidence indicate that the outer regions of galaxies and dark matter haloes are typically mildly to significantly radially anisotropic. The inner regions can be significantly non-isotropic, depending on the dynamical formation and evolution processes. In an attempt to break the lack of simple dynamical models that can reproduce this behaviour, we explore a technique to construct dynamical models with an arbitrary density and an arbitrary anisotropy profile. We outline a general construction method and propose a more practical approach based on a parameterized anisotropy profile. This approach consists of fitting the density of the model with a set of dynamical components, each of which have the same anisotropy profile. Using this approach we avoid the delicate fine-tuning difficulties other fitting techniques typically encounter when constructing radially anisotropic models. We present a model anisotropy profile that generalizes the Osipkov-Merritt profile, and that can represent any smooth monotonic anisotropy profile. Based on this model anisotropy profile, we construct a very general seven-parameter set of dynamical components for which the most important dynamical properties can be calculated analytically. We use the results to look for simple one-component dynamical models that generate simple potential-density pairs while still supporting a flexible anisotropy profile. We present families of Plummer and Hernquist models in which the anisotropy at small and large radii can be chosen as free parameters. We also generalize these two families to a three-parameter family that self-consistently generates the set of Veltmann potential-density pairs. (Abridged...)

  8. Abstract polymer models with general pair interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldo Procacci

    2008-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A convergence criterion of cluster expansion is presented in the case of an abstract polymer system with general pair interactions (i.e. not necessarily hard core or repulsive). As a concrete example, the low temperature disordered phase of the BEG model with infinite range interactions, decaying polynomially as $1/r^{d+\\lambda}$ with $\\lambda>0$, is studied.

  9. Modeling spray impingement using linear stability theories for droplet shattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DesJardin, Paul Edward; Yoon, Sam Sukgoo

    2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper compares several linear-theory-based models for droplet shattering employed for simulations of spray impingement on flat wall surface or a circular cylinder. Numerical simulations are conducted using a stochastic separated flow (SSF) technique that includes sub-models for droplet dynamics and impact. Results for spray impingement over a flat wall indicate that the linear theory applicable for a single droplet impact over-predicts the number of satellite (or secondary) droplets upon shattering when compared to experimental data. The causes for the observed discrepancies are discussed. Numerical simulation results for spray impingement over for a circular cylinder in cross flow are obtained and discussed.

  10. Integer linear programming models for a cement delivery problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hertz, Alain

    Integer linear programming models for a cement delivery problem Alain Hertz D´epartement de math.uldry@unifr.ch and marino.widmer@unifr.ch April 4, 2011 Abstract We consider a cement delivery problem with an heterogeneous in [14], [15] and [16] and are reviewed in [4]. In this paper, we study a cement delivery problem which

  11. Bootstrap for model selection: linear approximation of the optimism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    Bootstrap for model selection: linear approximation of the optimism G. Simon1 , A. Lendasse2 , M. Lemaître 4, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, lendasse@auto.ucl.ac.be Abstract. The bootstrap resampling, as artificial neural networks. Nevertheless, the use of the bootstrap implies a high computational load

  12. Bootstrap Tests for Overidentification in Linear Regression Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spino, Claude

    Bootstrap Tests for Overidentification in Linear Regression Models Russell Davidson Department it impossible to perform reliable inference near the point at which the limit is ill-defined. Several bootstrap are not too weak. We also study the power properties of the bootstrap tests. JEL codes: C10, C12, C15, C30

  13. absorption models linear: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    absorption models linear First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 A Simulation of Ly-alpha...

  14. Multi-Anticipative Piecewise-Linear Car-Following Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadir Farhi; Habib Haj-Salem; Jean-Patrick Lebacque

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose in this article an extension of the piecewise linear car-following model to multi-anticipative driving. As in the one-car-anticipative model, the stability and the stationary regimes are characterized thanks to a variational formulation of the car-dynamics. We study the homogeneous driving case. We show that in term of the stationary regime, the multi-anticipative model guarantees the same macroscopic behavior as for the one-car-anticipative one. Nevertheless, in the transient traffic, the variance in car-velocities and accelerations is mitigated by the multi-anticipative driving, and the car-trajectories are smoothed. A parameter identification of the model is made basing on NGSIM data and using a piecewise linear regression approach.

  15. Phase transition in linear sigma model and disoriented chiral condensate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2000-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investigated the phase transition and disoriented chiral condensate domain formation in linear sigma model. Solving the equation of motion for the sigma model fields in contact with a heat bath, we have shown that the fields undergo phase transition above a certain critical temperature(T_c). It was also shown that when the fields thermalised at temperature above T_c are cooled down sufficiently rapidly, disoriented chiral condensate domains are formed quite late in the evolution.

  16. $so(N)_1$ criticality in generalized cluster models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ville Lahtinen; Eddy Ardonne

    2015-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that $so(N)_1$ universality class quantum criticality emerges when one-dimensional generalized cluster models -- the N-cluster models -- are perturbed with Ising or Zeeman terms. Each critical point is described by a low-energy theory of N linearly dispersing fermions, whose spectrum we show to precisely match the prediction by $so(N)_1$ conformal field theory. Furthermore, by an explicit construction we show that the N-cluster models are dual to N non-locally coupled transverse field Ising chains, which enables to identify local representations for the primary fields and shows that the N-cluster models provide the simplest representation of the recently introduced hierarchy of $so(N)_1$ critical spin models. For the experimentally most realistic case of N=3, that corresponds to the original one-dimensional cluster model, our results show that $su(2)_2 \\simeq so(3)_1$ Wess-Zumino-Witten model can emerge in a local, translationally invariant and Jordan-Wigner solvable spin-1/2 model.

  17. Poisson loglinear modeling with linear constraints on the expected cell frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Nirian

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we consider Poisson loglinear models with linear constraints (LMLC) on the expected table counts. Multinomial and product multinomial loglinear models can be obtained by considering that some marginal totals (linear constraints on the expected table counts) have been prefixed in a Poisson loglinear model. Therefore with the theory developed in this paper, multinomial and product multinomial loglinear models can be considered as a particular case. To carry out inferences on the parameters in the LMLC an information-theoretic approach is followed from which the classical maximum likelihood estimators and Pearson chi-square statistics for goodness-of fit are obtained. In addition, nested hypotheses are proposed as a general procedure for hypothesis testing. Through a simulation study the appropriateness of proposed inference tools is illustrated.

  18. Efficient inference in general semiparametric regression models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maity, Arnab

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Note that (2.17) means that the non-zero Y-data within an indi- vidual marginally have the same mean R T i ? 2 + ?(Z i ), variance ? 2 + ? 2 u2 and common covariance ? 2 u2 . II.4.2.3. Likelihood Function The collection of parameters is B, consisting... .............................. 4 II.1. Introduction ......................... 4 II.2. Semiparametric Models with a Single Component ..... 8 II.2.1. Main Results .................... 8 II.2.2. General Functions of the Response and Double- Robustness ..................... 11 II.3...

  19. Developing a gas purchasing strategy using a linear model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alst, K.M. Van [Midland Cogeneration Venture Limited Partnership, Midland, MI (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper outlines the process of developing a gas purchasing strategy with the use of a linear programming model. The linear model is used to determine the least cost approach regarding the acquisition of natural gas which has a considerable impact on the company`s financial performance. The author discusses the importance of optimizing gas costs from an end-user`s perspective. The Midland Cogeneration Venture (MCV) is the country`s largest cogeneration facility. The Facility has been certified by FERC (Federal Energy Regulatory Commission) as a Q.F. (Qualifying Facility) under PURPA (Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978). Unlike utilities, who have the ability to pass costs through to customers, MCV`s revenues are based on long-term contracts with its utility and industrial customers. Therefore, MCV cannot pass costs through to its customers. As such, effectively managing costs is vital to the success of the company.

  20. Model for Energy Supply System Alternatives and their General...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    System Alternatives and their General Environmental Impacts (MESSAGE) (Redirected from Model for Energy Supply System Alternatives and their General Environmental Impacts) Jump to:...

  1. A comparative study on a non-linear turbulent heat transfer model for separating and reattaching flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jia, S.; Chung, B.T.F. [Univ. of Akron, OH (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on a previously proposed non-linear turbulence model, a turbulent heat transfer model is formulated in the present study using the concept of Generalized Gradient Diffusion (GGD) hypothesis. Under this hypothesis, an anisotropic thermal diffusivity can be obtained through the proposed non-linear turbulent model which is applied to the turbulent flow and heat transfer in a sudden expansion pipe with a constant heat flux through the pipe wall. The numerical results are compared with the available experimental data for both turbulent and thermal quantities, with an emphasis on the non-linear heat transfer predictions. The improved results are obtained for the bulk temperature distribution showing that the present non-linear heat transfer model is capable of predicting the anisotropic turbulent heat transfer for the pipe expansion flow. Some limits of the proposed model are also identified and discussed.

  2. Holographic transports and stability in anisotropic linear axion model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xian-Hui Ge; Yi Ling; Chao Niu; Sang-Jin Sin

    2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study thermoelectric conductivities and shear viscosities in a holographically anisotropic model. Momentum relaxation is realized through perturbing the linear axion field. AC conductivity exhibits a conherent/incoherent metal transition. The longitudinal shear viscosity for prolate anisotropy violates the bound conjectured by Kovtun-Son-Starinets. We also find that thermodynamic and dynamical instabilities are not always equivalent, which provides a counter example of the Gubser-Mitra conjecture.

  3. A Linear Circuit Model For Social Influence Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiang, Biao; Liu, Qi; Xiong, Hui

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the behaviors of information propagation is essential for the effective exploitation of social influence in social networks. However, few existing influence models are both tractable and efficient for describing the information propagation process and quantitatively measuring social influence. To this end, in this paper, we develop a linear social influence model, named Circuit due to its close relation to the circuit network. Based on the predefined four axioms of social influence, we first demonstrate that our model can efficiently measure the influence strength between any pair of nodes. Along this line, an upper bound of the node(s)' influence is identified for potential use, e.g., reducing the search space. Furthermore, we provide the physical implication of the Circuit model and also a deep analysis of its relationships with the existing methods, such as PageRank. Then, we propose that the Circuit model provides a natural solution to the problems of computing each single node's authority a...

  4. Functional Coefficient Regression Models for Non-linear Time Series: A Polynomial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Haipeng

    Functional Coefficient Regression Models for Non-linear Time Series: A Polynomial Spline Approach of functional coefficient regression models for non-linear time series. Consistency and rate of convergence regression model extends several familiar non-linear time series models such as the exponential

  5. New model for nucleon generalized parton distributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radyushkin, Anatoly V. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a new type of models for nucleon generalized parton distributions (GPDs) H and E. They are heavily based on the fact nucleon GPDs require to use two forms of double distribution (DD) representations. The outcome of the new treatment is that the usual DD+D-term construction should be amended by an extra term, {xi} E{sub +}{sup 1} (x,{xi}) which has the DD structure {alpha}/{beta} e({beta},{alpha}, with e({beta},{alpha}) being the DD that generates GPD E(x,{xi}). We found that this function, unlike the D-term, has support in the whole -1 <= x <= 1 region. Furthermore, it does not vanish at the border points |x|={xi}.

  6. Performance Assessment of Different Control Structures for Generic Reactive Distillation Using Linear and Nonlinear Process Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Arfaj, Muhammad A.

    compares the closed-loop performance of three control structures using an approximate linear model. Responses based on the linear model for various control structures show a good agreement when compared of the linear model is shown to be better in a single-end control system than in a dual-end control system

  7. Calculation of probabilities of transfer, recurrence intervals, and positional indices for linear compartment models. Environmental Sciences Division Publication no. 1544

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carney, J.H.; DeAngelis, D.L.; Gardner, R.H.; Mankin, J.B.; Post, W.M.

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Six indices are presented for linear compartment systems that quantify the probable pathways of matter or energy transfer, the likelihood of recurrence if the model contains feedback loops, and the number of steps (transfers) through the system. General examples are used to illustrate how these indices can simplify the comparison of complex systems or organisms in unrelated systems.

  8. Generalized Uncertainty Quantification for Linear Inverse Problems in X-ray Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fowler, Michael James

    2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In industrial and engineering applications, X-ray radiography has attained wide use as a data collection protocol for the assessment of material properties in cases where direct observation is not possible. The direct measurement of nuclear materials, particularly when they are under explosive or implosive loading, is not feasible, and radiography can serve as a useful tool for obtaining indirect measurements. In such experiments, high energy X-rays are pulsed through a scene containing material of interest, and a detector records a radiograph by measuring the radiation that is not attenuated in the scene. One approach to the analysis of these radiographs is to model the imaging system as an operator that acts upon the object being imaged to produce a radiograph. In this model, the goal is to solve an inverse problem to reconstruct the values of interest in the object, which are typically material properties such as density or areal density. The primary objective in this work is to provide quantitative solutions with uncertainty estimates for three separate applications in X-ray radiography: deconvolution, Abel inversion, and radiation spot shape reconstruction. For each problem, we introduce a new hierarchical Bayesian model for determining a posterior distribution on the unknowns and develop efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods for sampling from the posterior. A Poisson likelihood, based on a noise model for photon counts at the detector, is combined with a prior tailored to each application: an edge-localizing prior for deconvolution; a smoothing prior with non-negativity constraints for spot reconstruction; and a full covariance sampling prior based on a Wishart hyperprior for Abel inversion. After developing our methods in a general setting, we demonstrate each model on both synthetically generated datasets, including those from a well known radiation transport code, and real high energy radiographs taken at two U. S. Department of Energy laboratories.

  9. Application of Improved Radiation Modeling to General Circulation Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael J Iacono

    2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This research has accomplished its primary objectives of developing accurate and efficient radiation codes, validating them with measurements and higher resolution models, and providing these advancements to the global modeling community to enhance the treatment of cloud and radiative processes in weather and climate prediction models. A critical component of this research has been the development of the longwave and shortwave broadband radiative transfer code for general circulation model (GCM) applications, RRTMG, which is based on the single-column reference code, RRTM, also developed at AER. RRTMG is a rigorously tested radiation model that retains a considerable level of accuracy relative to higher resolution models and measurements despite the performance enhancements that have made it possible to apply this radiation code successfully to global dynamical models. This model includes the radiative effects of all significant atmospheric gases, and it treats the absorption and scattering from liquid and ice clouds and aerosols. RRTMG also includes a statistical technique for representing small-scale cloud variability, such as cloud fraction and the vertical overlap of clouds, which has been shown to improve cloud radiative forcing in global models. This development approach has provided a direct link from observations to the enhanced radiative transfer provided by RRTMG for application to GCMs. Recent comparison of existing climate model radiation codes with high resolution models has documented the improved radiative forcing capability provided by RRTMG, especially at the surface, relative to other GCM radiation models. Due to its high accuracy, its connection to observations, and its computational efficiency, RRTMG has been implemented operationally in many national and international dynamical models to provide validated radiative transfer for improving weather forecasts and enhancing the prediction of global climate change.

  10. Steam-circuit Model for the Compact Linear Fresnel Reflector , G. L. Morrison1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steam-circuit Model for the Compact Linear Fresnel Reflector Prototype J. D. Pye1 , G. L. Morrison1.pye@student.unsw.edu.au Abstract The Compact Linear Fresnel Reflector (CLFR) is a linear-concentrating solar thermal energy system The Compact Linear Fresnel Reflector (CLFR) was first conceived of in 1992-1993 and was patented in 1995

  11. Comparative Evaluation of Generalized River/Reservoir System Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurbs, Ralph A.

    This report reviews user-oriented generalized reservoir/river system models. The terms reservoir/river system, reservoir system, reservoir operation, or river basin management "model" or "modeling system" are used synonymously to refer to computer...

  12. Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Controller Systematic Design Methodology: A Comparison of Non-Linear and Linear Model-Based Designs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, M. M.

    1999-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Variable-speed, horizontal axis wind turbines use blade-pitch control to meet specified objectives for three regions of operation. This paper focuses on controller design for the constant power production regime. A simple, rigid, non-linear turbine model was used to systematically perform trade-off studies between two performance metrics. Minimization of both the deviation of the rotor speed from the desired speed and the motion of the actuator is desired. The robust nature of the proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller is illustrated, and optimal operating conditions are determined. Because numerous simulation runs may be completed in a short time, the relationship of the two opposing metrics is easily visualized. Traditional controller design generally consists of linearizing a model about an operating point. This step was taken for two different operating points, and the systematic design approach was used. A comparison of the optimal regions selected using the n on-linear model and the two linear models shows similarities. The linearization point selection does, however, affect the turbine performance slightly. Exploitation of the simplicity of the model allows surfaces consisting of operation under a wide range of gain values to be created. This methodology provides a means of visually observing turbine performance based upon the two metrics chosen for this study. Design of a PID controller is simplified, and it is possible to ascertain the best possible combination of controller parameters. The wide, flat surfaces indicate that a PID controller is very robust in this variable-speed wind turbine application.

  13. Generalized models and benchmarks for channel coordination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toptal, Aysegul

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 III INTEGRATED PURE INVENTORY PROBLEM WITH DE- TERMINISTIC AND CONSTANT DEMAND . . . . . . . . . . 41 III.1. Notation and Problem Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 III.2. Model I: A Model with Explicit Inbound Costs . . . . . . 45 III.3. Model... WITH DETERMINISTIC AND CONSTANT DEMAND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 IV.1. A Comparative Analysis of Centralized and Decentral- ized Models in Goyal (1976) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 IV.2. Decentralized Solutions for Model I and Model II...

  14. General coarse-grained red blood cell models: I. Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedosov, Dmitry A; Karniadakis, George E

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a rigorous procedure to derive coarse-grained red blood cell (RBC) models, which lead to accurate mechanical properties of realistic RBCs. Based on a semi-analytic theory linear and non-linear elastic properties of the RBC membrane can be matched with those obtained in optical tweezers stretching experiments. In addition, we develop a nearly stress-free model which avoids a number of pitfalls of existing RBC models, such as non-biconcave equilibrium shape and dependence of RBC mechanical properties on the triangulation quality. The proposed RBC model is suitable for use in many existing numerical methods, such as Lattice Boltzmann, Multiparticle Collision Dynamics, Immersed Boundary, etc.

  15. General coarse-grained red blood cell models: I. Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry A. Fedosov; Bruce Caswell; George E. Karniadakis

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a rigorous procedure to derive coarse-grained red blood cell (RBC) models, which lead to accurate mechanical properties of realistic RBCs. Based on a semi-analytic theory linear and non-linear elastic properties of the RBC membrane can be matched with those obtained in optical tweezers stretching experiments. In addition, we develop a nearly stress-free model which avoids a number of pitfalls of existing RBC models, such as non-biconcave equilibrium shape and dependence of RBC mechanical properties on the triangulation quality. The proposed RBC model is suitable for use in many existing numerical methods, such as Lattice Boltzmann, Multiparticle Collision Dynamics, Immersed Boundary, etc.

  16. Limited Model Information Control Design for Linear Discrete-Time Systems with Stochastic Parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    Limited Model Information Control Design for Linear Discrete-Time Systems with Stochastic systems with stochastically varying parameters. Recently, there have been studies in optimal control subsystems' parameters. There have been many studies in optimal control design for linear discrete

  17. Examination of temporal DDT trends in Lake Erie fish communities using dynamic linear modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arhonditsis, George B.

    Examination of temporal DDT trends in Lake Erie fish communities using dynamic linear modeling 25 July 2013 Communicated by Dr. Erik Christensen Keywords: DDT Bayesian inference Dynamic linear (DDT) was initially heralded for its effectiveness against malaria and agricultural pests

  18. Modelling the e#ects of air pollution on health using Bayesian Dynamic Generalised Linear Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bath, University of

    Modelling the e#ects of air pollution on health using Bayesian Dynamic Generalised Linear Models 1 Introduction The potential detrimental e#ects of ambient air pollution is a major issue in public (2004)). Large multi­city studies such as `Air pollution and health: a European approach' (APHEA

  19. Model for Energy Supply System Alternatives and their General...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Energy Supply System Alternatives and their General Environmental Impacts (MESSAGE) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Model for Energy Supply System...

  20. Hospital Readmission in General Medicine Patients: A Prediction Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the department of medicine as a screening tool forquality of care problems. Medicine. 2008;87:294–300. 3.Readmission in General Medicine Patients: A Prediction Model

  1. Statistical physics of a model binary genetic switch with linear feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Visco; Rosalind J. Allen; Martin R. Evans

    2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the statistical properties of a simple genetic regulatory network that provides heterogeneity within a population of cells. This network consists of a binary genetic switch in which stochastic flipping between the two switch states is mediated by a "flipping" enzyme. Feedback between the switch state and the flipping rate is provided by a linear feedback mechanism: the flipping enzyme is only produced in the on switch state and the switching rate depends linearly on the copy number of the enzyme. This work generalises the model of [Phys. Rev. Lett., 101, 118104] to a broader class of linear feedback systems. We present a complete analytical solution for the steady-state statistics of the number of enzyme molecules in the on and off states, for the general case where the enzyme can mediate flipping in either direction. For this general case we also solve for the flip time distribution, making a connection to first passage and persistence problems in statistical physics. We show that the statistics of the model are non-Poissonian, leading to a peak in the flip time distribution. The occurrence of such a peak is analysed as a function of the parameter space. We present a new relation between the flip time distributions measured for two relevant choices of initial condition. We also introduce a new correlation measure to show that this model can exhibit long-lived temporal correlations, thus providing a primitive form of cellular memory. Motivated by DNA replication as well as by evolutionary mechanisms involving gene duplication, we study the case of two switches in the same cell. This results in correlations between the two switches; these can either positive or negative depending on the parameter regime.

  2. Modeling of Antarctic sea ice in a general circulation model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Xingren; Budd, W.F. [Antarctic Cooperative Research Centre, Tasmania (Australia)] [Antarctic Cooperative Research Centre, Tasmania (Australia); Simmonds, I. [School of Earth Sciences, Victoria (Australia)] [School of Earth Sciences, Victoria (Australia)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A dynamic-thermodynamic sea ice model is developed and coupled with the Melbourne University general circulation model to simulate the seasonal cycle of the Antarctic sea ice distributions The model is efficient, rapid to compute, and useful for a range of climate studies. The thermodynamic part of the sea ice model is similar to that developed by Parkinson and Washington, the dynamics contain a simplified ice rheology that resists compression. The thermodynamics is based on energy conservation at the top surface of the ice/snow, the ice/water interface, and the open water area to determine the ice formation, accretion, and ablation. A lead parameterization is introduced with an effective partitioning scheme for freezing between and under the ice floes. The dynamic calculation determines the motion of ice, which is forced with the atmospheric wind, taking account of ice resistance and rafting. The simulated sea ice distribution compares reasonably well with observations. The seasonal cycle of ice extent is well simulated in phase as well as in magnitude. Simulated sea ice thickness and concentration are also in good agreement with observations over most regions and serve to indicate the importance of advection and ocean drift in the determination of the sea ice distribution. 64 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Fourth standard model family neutrino at future linear colliders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ciftci, A.K.; Ciftci, R.; Sultansoy, S. [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, Ankara University, 06100 Tandogan, Ankara (Turkey); Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Gazi University, 06500 Teknikokullar, Ankara (Turkey)

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is known that flavor democracy favors the existence of the fourth standard model (SM) family. In order to give nonzero masses for the first three-family fermions flavor democracy has to be slightly broken. A parametrization for democracy breaking, which gives the correct values for fundamental fermion masses and, at the same time, predicts quark and lepton Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrices in a good agreement with the experimental data, is proposed. The pair productions of the fourth SM family Dirac ({nu}{sub 4}) and Majorana (N{sub 1}) neutrinos at future linear colliders with {radical}(s)=500 GeV, 1 TeV, and 3 TeV are considered. The cross section for the process e{sup +}e{sup -}{yields}{nu}{sub 4}{nu}{sub 4}(N{sub 1}N{sub 1}) and the branching ratios for possible decay modes of the both neutrinos are determined. The decays of the fourth family neutrinos into muon channels ({nu}{sub 4}(N{sub 1}){yields}{mu}{sup {+-}}W{sup {+-}}) provide cleanest signature at e{sup +}e{sup -} colliders. Meanwhile, in our parametrization this channel is dominant. W bosons produced in decays of the fourth family neutrinos will be seen in detector as either di-jets or isolated leptons. As an example, we consider the production of 200 GeV mass fourth family neutrinos at {radical}(s)=500 GeV linear colliders by taking into account di-muon plus four jet events as signatures.

  4. PROBABILITY DENSITY ESTIMATION BY LINEAR COMBINATIONS OF GAUSSIAN KERNELS GENERALIZATIONS AND ALGORITHMIC EVALUATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farag, Aly A.

    by information theoretic approach, using the Akiake Information Criterion (AIC). This paper provides empirical the weights may take positive and negative values. Various statistical properties of the estimator are studied evaluation of the estimator with respect to window-based estimators and the classical linear combinations

  5. Individual-level space-time analyses of emergency department data using generalized additive modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vieira, Veronica M.; Weinberg, Janice M.; Webster, Thomas F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    data using generalized additive modeling. BMC Public HealthTibshirani R: Generalized Additive Models. London: Chapmanapplication using generalized additive models. Int J Health

  6. A General Model for Epistemic State Revision using Plausibility Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Weiru

    A General Model for Epistemic State Revision using Plausibility Measures Jianbing Ma 1 and Weiru Liu1 Abstract. In this paper, we present a general revision model on epistemic states based on plausibility measures proposed by Fried- man and Halpern. We propose our revision strategy and give some

  7. II MODEL AND FEEDBACK LINEARIZING CONTROLLER 1 A Multilayer Perceptron Replaces a Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amaral, José Nelson

    II MODEL AND FEEDBACK LINEARIZING CONTROLLER 1 A Multilayer Perceptron Replaces a Feedback Linearization Controller in a Nonlinear Servomechanism Jos'e F. Haffner, Ney T. Meyrer, Jos'e N. Amaral and Lu'is F. A. Pereira Abstract--- A Feedback Linearizing Controller (FLC) is used to train a multilayer

  8. Non-asymptotic Adaptive Prediction in Functional Linear Models Elodie Brunel, Andre Mas, and Angelina Roche

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Non-asymptotic Adaptive Prediction in Functional Linear Models ´Elodie Brunel, Andr´e Mas, and Angelina Roche I3M, Universit´e Montpellier II Abstract Functional linear regression has recently attracted. Functional linear regression, functional principal components analysis, mean squared prediction error

  9. MODELLING OF CAVITY RECEIVER HEAT TRANSFER COMPACT LINEAR FRESNEL REFLECTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . This approach allows an affordable entry into renewable energy for existing coal-power producers, and allows them to meet the mandatory renewable energy targets set by the government of New South Wales . (Hu et) linear absorbers, achieving higher ground area efficiency. · Receiver is an inverted, trapezoidal, linear

  10. Effects of the Tsallis distribution in the linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masamichi Ishihara

    2015-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of the Tsallis distribution which has two parameters, $q$ and $T$,on physical quantities are studied using the linear sigma model in chiral phase transitions.The parameter $T$ dependences of the condensate and mass for various $q$ are shown, where $T$ is called temperature. The Tsallis distribution approaches the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution as $q$ approaches $1$. The critical temperature and energy density are described with digamma function, and the $q$ dependences of these quantities and the extension of Stefan-Boltzmann limit of the energy density are shown. The following facts are clarified. The chiral symmetry restoration for $q>1$ occurs at low temperature, compared with the restoration at $q=1$. The sigma mass and pion mass reflect the restoration. The critical temperature decreases monotonically as $q$ increases. The small deviation from the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution results in the large deviations of physical quantities, especially the energy density. It is displayed from the energetic point of view that the small deviation from the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution is realized for $q>1$. The physical quantities are affected by the Tsallis distribution even when $|q-1|$ is small.

  11. On the existence of affine Landau-Ginzburg phases in gauged linear sigma models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Clarke; Josh Guffin

    2010-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove a simple criterion for the existence of an affine Landau-Ginzburg point in the K\\"ahler moduli space of a gauged linear sigma model.

  12. Results and Comparison from the SAM Linear Fresnel Technology Performance Model: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, M. J.

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the new Linear Fresnel technology performance model in NREL's System Advisor Model. The model predicts the financial and technical performance of direct-steam-generation Linear Fresnel power plants, and can be used to analyze a range of system configurations. This paper presents a brief discussion of the model formulation and motivation, and provides extensive discussion of the model performance and financial results. The Linear Fresnel technology is also compared to other concentrating solar power technologies in both qualitative and quantitative measures. The Linear Fresnel model - developed in conjunction with the Electric Power Research Institute - provides users with the ability to model a variety of solar field layouts, fossil backup configurations, thermal receiver designs, and steam generation conditions. This flexibility aims to encompass current market solutions for the DSG Linear Fresnel technology, which is seeing increasing exposure in fossil plant augmentation and stand-alone power generation applications.

  13. Intermediate-Generalized Chaplygin Gas inflationary universe model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Ramon; Videla, Nelson

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An intermediate inflationary universe model in the context of a generalized Chaplygin gas is considered. For the matter we consider two different energy densities; a standard scalar field and a tachyon field, respectively. In general, we discuss the conditions of an inflationary epoch for these models. We also, use recent astronomical observations from Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe seven year data for constraining the parameters appearing in our models.

  14. E-model for Transportation Problem of Linear Stochastic Fractional ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dr.V.Charles

    2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract: This paper deals with the so-called transportation problem of linear stochastic fractional programming, and ... sophisticated analysis. Stochastic ... circuit board of multi-objective LSFP, algorithm to identify redundant fractional objective ...

  15. Orthogonal Forward Regression based on Directly Maximizing Model Generalization Capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    for costly model evaluation. Index Terms -- orthogonal forward regression, structure identification, cross struc- ture construction process as a cost function in order to op- timize the model generalization introduces a construction algorithm for sparse kernel modelling using the leave-one-out test score also known

  16. Finite-element discretization of a linearized 2 -D model for lubricated oil transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Pascal

    Finite-element discretization of a linearized 2 - D model for lubricated oil transportation V acts as a lubricant by coating the wall of the pipeline, thus preventing the oil from adhering is devoted to the numerical simulation of a linearized model for the lubricated trans- portation of heavy

  17. On the Parameter Estimation of Linear Models of Aggregate Power System Loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cañizares, Claudio A.

    1 On the Parameter Estimation of Linear Models of Aggregate Power System Loads Valery Knyazkin-- This paper addressed some theoretical and practical issues relevant to the problem of power system load, and the corresponding results are used to validate a commonly used linear model of aggre- gate power system load

  18. Summer 2013 Introduction to Statistical Linear Models 26:960:577

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    and Hall/CRC, 2005 An R Companion to Linear Statistical Models, Christopher Hay-Jahans, ISBN 9781439873656-0-387-40270-3 Linear Models with R (Texts in Statistical Science) | Edition: 1, Julian J. Faraway ISBN: 9781584884255 Publications, 2002 R is primarily a command-line language. While usage of R is extremely straightforward, you

  19. Generalized Electric Polarizability of the Proton from Skyrme Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myunggyu Kim; Dong-Pil Min

    1997-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the electric polarizability $\\alpha(q^2)$ of the proton in virtual Compton scattering using the Skyrme model. The $q^2$ dependence of the polarizability is comparable with the predictions obtained from the non-relativistic quark model and the linear sigma model. The chiral behaviors of our $\\alpha(0)$ and $d^2\\alpha(0)/d^2q^2$ agree with the results of the chiral perturbation theory. The discrepancy can be traced back to the contribution of the intermediate $\\Delta$ state degenerate with the $N$ which is a characteristic of a large-$N_C$ model.

  20. Optimisation and comparison of integrated models of direct-drive linear machines for wave energy conversion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crozier, Richard Carson

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Combined electrical and structural models of five types of permanent magnet linear electrical machines suitable for direct-drive power take-off on wave energy applications are presented. Electromagnetic models were ...

  1. Functional dependence of axial anomaly via mesonic fluctuations in the three flavor linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fejos, G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Temperature dependence of the $U_A(1)$ anomaly is investigated by taking into account mesonic fluctuations in the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ linear sigma model. A field dependent anomaly coefficient function of the effective potential is calculated within the finite temperature functional renormalization group approach. The applied approximation scheme is a generalization of the chiral invariant expansion technique developed in [G. Fej\\H{o}s, Phys. Rev. D 90, 096011 (2014)]. We provide an analytic expression and also numerical evidence that depending on the relationship between the two quartic couplings, mesonic fluctuations can either strengthen of weaken the anomaly as a function of the temperature. Role of the six-point invariant of the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ group, and therefore the stability of the chiral expansion is also discussed in detail.

  2. Functional dependence of axial anomaly via mesonic fluctuations in the three flavor linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fejos

    2015-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Temperature dependence of the $U_A(1)$ anomaly is investigated by taking into account mesonic fluctuations in the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ linear sigma model. A field dependent anomaly coefficient function of the effective potential is calculated within the finite temperature functional renormalization group approach. The applied approximation scheme is a generalization of the chiral invariant expansion technique developed in [G. Fejos, Phys. Rev. D 90, 096011 (2014)]. We provide an analytic expression and also numerical evidence that depending on the relationship between the two quartic couplings, mesonic fluctuations can either strengthen of weaken the anomaly as a function of the temperature. Role of the six-point invariant of the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ group, and therefore the stability of the chiral expansion is also discussed in detail.

  3. First principles approach to the Abraham-Minkowski controversy for the momentum of light in general linear non-dispersive media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomás Ramos; Guillermo F. Rubilar; Yuri N. Obukhov

    2015-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the problem of the definition of the energy-momentum tensor of light in general moving non-dispersive media with linear constitutive law. Using the basic principles of classical field theory, we show that for the correct understanding of the problem, one needs to carefully distinguish situations when the material medium is modeled either as a background on which light propagates or as a dynamical part of the total system. In the former case, we prove that the (generalized) Belinfante-Rosenfeld (BR) tensor for the electromagnetic field coincides with the Minkowski tensor. We derive a complete set of balance equations for this open system and show that the symmetries of the background medium are directly related to the conservation of the Minkowski quantities. In particular, for isotropic media, the angular momentum of light is conserved despite of the fact that the Minkowski tensor is non-symmetric. For the closed system of light interacting with matter, we model the material medium as a relativistic non-dissipative fluid and we prove that it is always possible to express the total BR tensor of the closed system either in the Abraham or in the Minkowski separation. However, in the case of dynamical media, the balance equations have a particularly convenient form in terms of the Abraham tensor. Our results generalize previous attempts and provide a first principles basis for a unified understanding of the long-standing Abraham-Minkowski controversy without ad hoc arguments.

  4. Early Warning Signals for Critical Transitions: A Generalized Modeling Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for early warning signals that integrates multiple sources of information and data about the system throughEarly Warning Signals for Critical Transitions: A Generalized Modeling Approach Steven J. Lade a previously published fisheries model. We regard our method as complementary to existing early warning signals

  5. Dark Energy - Dark Matter Unification: Generalized Chaplygin Gas Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orfeu Bertolami

    2005-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the main features of the generalized Chaplygin gas (GCG) proposal for unification of dark energy and dark matter and discuss how it admits an unique decomposition into dark energy and dark matter components once phantom-like dark energy is excluded. In the context of this approach we consider structure formation and show that unphysical oscillations or blow-up in the matter power spectrum are not present. Moreover, we demonstrate that the dominance of dark energy occurs about the time when energy density fluctuations start evolving away from the linear regime.

  6. Direct-Steam Linear Fresnel Performance Model for NREL's System Advisor Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, M. J.; Zhu, G.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the technical formulation and demonstrated model performance results of a new direct-steam-generation (DSG) model in NREL's System Advisor Model (SAM). The model predicts the annual electricity production of a wide range of system configurations within the DSG Linear Fresnel technology by modeling hourly performance of the plant in detail. The quasi-steady-state formulation allows users to investigate energy and mass flows, operating temperatures, and pressure drops for geometries and solar field configurations of interest. The model includes tools for heat loss calculation using either empirical polynomial heat loss curves as a function of steam temperature, ambient temperature, and wind velocity, or a detailed evacuated tube receiver heat loss model. Thermal losses are evaluated using a computationally efficient nodal approach, where the solar field and headers are discretized into multiple nodes where heat losses, thermal inertia, steam conditions (including pressure, temperature, enthalpy, etc.) are individually evaluated during each time step of the simulation. This paper discusses the mathematical formulation for the solar field model and describes how the solar field is integrated with the other subsystem models, including the power cycle and optional auxiliary fossil system. Model results are also presented to demonstrate plant behavior in the various operating modes.

  7. Controller synthesis with very simplified linear constraints in PN model Dideban A. * Zareiee M. * Alla H. **

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Controller synthesis with very simplified linear constraints in PN model Dideban A. * Zareiee M a controller. A set of linear constraints allow forbidding the reachability of specific states. The number number of control places. A systematic method for constructing very simplified controller is offered

  8. Process Modeling of Ti-6Al-4V Linear Friction Welding (LFW)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    Process Modeling of Ti-6Al-4V Linear Friction Welding (LFW) Mica Grujicic, G. Arakere, B finite-element analysis of the linear friction welding (LFW) process is combined with the basic physical in the open literature revealed that the weld region consists of a thermo- mechanically affected zone (TMAZ

  9. Generalized charge-screening in relativistic Thomas–Fermi model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari-Moghanjoughi, M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, 51745-406 Tabriz, Iran and International Centre for Advanced Studies in Physical Sciences and Institute for Theoretical Physics, Ruhr University Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we study the charge shielding within the relativistic Thomas-Fermi model for a wide range of electron number-densities and the atomic-number of screened ions. A generalized energy-density relation is obtained using the force-balance equation and taking into account the Chandrasekhar's relativistic electron degeneracy pressure. By numerically solving a second-order nonlinear differential equation, the Thomas-Fermi screening length is investigated, and the results are compared for three distinct regimes of the solid-density, warm-dense-matter, and white-dwarfs (WDs). It is revealed that our nonlinear screening theory is compatible with the exponentially decaying Thomas-Fermi-type shielding predicted by the linear response theory. Moreover, the variation of relative Thomas-Fermi screening length shows that extremely dense quantum electron fluids are relatively poor charge shielders. Calculation of the total number of screening electrons around a nucleus shows that there is a position of maximum number of screening localized electrons around the screened nucleus, which moves closer to the point-like nucleus by increase in the plasma number density but is unaffected due to increase in the atomic-number value. It is discovered that the total number of screening electrons, (N{sub s}?r{sub TF}{sup 3}/r{sub d}{sup 3} where r{sub TF} and r{sub d} are the Thomas-Fermi and interparticle distance, respectively) has a distinct limit for extremely dense plasmas such as WD-cores and neutron star crusts, which is unique for all given values of the atomic-number. This is equal to saying that in an ultrarelativistic degeneracy limit of electron-ion plasma, the screening length couples with the system dimensionality and the plasma becomes spherically self-similar. Current analysis can provide useful information on the effects of relativistic correction to the charge screening for a wide range of plasma density, such as the inertial-confined plasmas and compact stellar objects.

  10. Virasoro representations and fusion for general augmented minimal models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holger Eberle; Michael Flohr

    2006-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present explicit results for the fusion of irreducible and higher rank representations in two logarithmically conformal models, the augmented c_{2,3} = 0 model as well as the augmented Yang-Lee model at c_{2,5} = -22/5. We analyse their spectrum of representations which is consistent with the symmetry and associativity of the fusion algebra. We also describe the first few higher rank representations in detail. In particular, we present the first examples of consistent rank 3 indecomposable representations and describe their embedding structure. Knowing these two generic models we also conjecture the general representation content and fusion rules for general augmented c_{p,q} models.

  11. General Treatment of All 2d Covariant Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Kummer

    1996-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    General matterless models of gravity include dilaton gravity, arbitrary powers in curvature, but also dynamical torsion. They are a special class of "Poisson-sigma-models" whose solutions are known completely, together with their general global structure. Beside the ordinary black hole, arbitrary singularity structures can be studied. It is also possible to derive an action "backwards", starting from a given manifold. The role of conservation laws, Noether charge and the quantization have been investigated. Scalar and fermionic matter fields may be included as well.

  12. Open source software maturity model based on linear regression and Bayesian analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Dongmin

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    based on Bayesian statistics. More importantly, an updating rule is established through Bayesian analysis to improve the joint distribution, and thus the objectivity of the coefficients in the linear multiple-regression model, according to new incoming...

  13. Testing Linear Diagnostics of Ensemble Performance on a Simplified Global Circulation Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Ethan

    2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    is inherently flow dependent and that the ensemble predicts potential patterns of forecast errors more reliably than the magnitudes of the errors. A low-resolution global circulation model is implemented to calculate linear diagnostics in the vector space...

  14. Non-linear inversion modeling for Ultrasound Computer Tomography: transition from soft to hard tissues imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Non-linear inversion modeling for Ultrasound Computer Tomography: transition from soft to hard Marseille cedex 20, France ABSTRACT Ultrasound Computer Tomography (UCT) is an imaging technique which has experiments. Keyword: Ultrasound Computer Tomography, Inverse Born Approximation, Elliptical Projection

  15. Modeling Smart Grid using Generalized Stochastic Petri Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dey, Amrita; Sanyal, Sugata

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building smart grid for power system is a major challenge for safe, automated and energy efficient usage of electricity. The full implementation of the smart grid will evolve over time. However, before a new set of infrastructures are invested to build the smart grid, proper modeling and analysis is needed to avoid wastage of resources. Modeling also helps to identify and prioritize appropriate systems parameters. In this paper, an all comprehensive model of smart grid have been proposed using Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets (GSPN). The model is used to analyze the constraints and deliverables of the smart power grid of future.

  16. Microgrid Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic Linear Programming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cardoso, Goncalo; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris; DeForest, Nicholas; Barbosa-Povoa, Ana; Ferrao, Paulo

    2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the introduction of stochastic linear programming into Operations DER-CAM, a tool used to obtain optimal operating schedules for a given microgrid under local economic and environmental conditions. This application follows previous work on optimal scheduling of a lithium-iron-phosphate battery given the output uncertainty of a 1 MW molten carbonate fuel cell. Both are in the Santa Rita Jail microgrid, located in Dublin, California. This fuel cell has proven unreliable, partially justifying the consideration of storage options. Several stochastic DER-CAM runs are executed to compare different scenarios to values obtained by a deterministic approach. Results indicate that using a stochastic approach provides a conservative yet more lucrative battery schedule. Lower expected energy bills result, given fuel cell outages, in potential savings exceeding 6percent.

  17. Interacting holographic dark energy models: A general approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Som; A. Sil

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dark energy models inspired by the cosmological holographic principle are studied in homogeneous isotropic spacetime with a general choice for the dark energy density $\\rho_d=3(\\alpha H^2+\\beta\\dot{H})$. Special choices of the parameters enable us to obtain three different holographic models, including the holographic Ricci dark energy(RDE) model. Effect of interaction between dark matter and dark energy on the dynamics of those models are investigated for different popular forms of interaction. It is found that crossing of phantom divide can be avoided in RDE models for $\\beta>0.5$ irrespective of the presence of interaction. A choice of $\\alpha=1$ and $\\beta=2/3$ leads to a varying $\\Lambda$-like model introducing an IR cutoff length $\\Lambda^{-1/2}$. It is concluded that among the popular choices an interaction of the form $Q\\propto H\\rho_m$ suits the best in avoiding the coincidence problem in this model.

  18. Nonparametric Stochastic Modeling Of Linear Systems With Pre-scribed Variance Of Several Natural Frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nonparametric Stochastic Modeling Of Linear Systems With Pre- scribed Variance Of Several Natural of the inverse of the random matrix. The efficient simulation of sam- ples of random matrices according matrices, maximum entropy, probabilistic model 1 INTRODUCTION The stochastic modeling and simulation

  19. Learning Multiple Models of Non-Linear Dynamics for Control under Varying Contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vijayakumar, Sethu

    Learning Multiple Models of Non-Linear Dynamics for Control under Varying Contexts Georgios Petkos for adaptive motor control exist which learn the system's inverse dynamics online and use this single model;II Command Context 1 Context 2 Dynamics models Context n Control Learning Commands Switch / Mix

  20. Learning Multiple Models of Non-Linear Dynamics for Control under Varying Contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toussaint, Marc

    Learning Multiple Models of Non-Linear Dynamics for Control under Varying Contexts Georgios Petkos for adaptive motor control exist which learn the system's inverse dynamics online and use this single model version - to appear in ICANN 2006 #12;II Command Context 1 Context 2 Dynamics models Context n Control

  1. Control-Oriented Linear Parameter-Varying Modelling of a Turbocharged Diesel Engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Control-Oriented Linear Parameter-Varying Modelling of a Turbocharged Diesel Engine Merten Jung-- In this paper, a third order nonlinear model of the airpath of a turbocharged diesel engine is derived, which and to a higher order nonlinear model suggests the validity of this approach. I. INTRODUCTION Modern diesel

  2. Alternative mixed-integer linear programming models of a maritime inventory routing problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Alternative mixed-integer linear programming models of a maritime inventory routing problem Jiang is enhanced by reformulating the time assignment constraints. Next, we present a model based on event points. Sherali et al (1999) formulated a mixed-integer programming model based on a discrete time representation

  3. Linearity Improvement ofHBT-based Doherty Power Amplifiers Based on a Simple Analytical Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asbeck, Peter M.

    model is based on linear and nonlinear components extracted from a VBIC model for Skyworks InGaP values were extracted from a device model for a Skyworks advanced InGaP/GaAs HBT, using ADS in harmonic

  4. New agegraphic dark energy model with generalized uncertainty principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong-Wan Kim; Hyung Won Lee; Yun Soo Myung; Mu-In Park

    2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the new agegraphic dark energy models with generalized uncertainty principle (GUP). It turns out that although the GUP affects the early universe, it does not change the current and future dark energy-dominated universe significantly. Furthermore, this model could describe the matter-dominated universe in the past only when the parameter $n$ is chosen to be $n>n_c$, where the critical value determined to be $n_c=2.799531478$.

  5. Revising Regulatory Networks: From Expression Data to Linear Causal Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langley, Pat

    network structure. However, this ignores much ex- isting knowledge because for a given organism and system under study, a biologist may already have a partial model of gene regulation. We propose a method, with expression data. We demonstrate our approach by revising a model of photosynthesis regulation proposed

  6. NONLINEAR CONTROL OF POWER NETWORK MODELS USING FEEDBACK LINEARIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedeward, Kevin

    network can affect each other. We consider a simple model of a power system derived from singular analysis of large electric power networks is in- creasingly important as power systems become larger construct minimally complicated dynamical models of power networks as affine nonlinear control systems

  7. General Network Lifetime and Cost Models for Evaluating Sensor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinzelman, Wendi

    General Network Lifetime and Cost Models for Evaluating Sensor Network Deployment Strategies Zhao Cheng, Mark Perillo, and Wendi B. Heinzelman, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--In multihop wireless sensor to energy imbalance among sensors often appear. Sensors closer to a data sink are usually required

  8. Abstract polymer models with general pair interactions Aldo Procacci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Procacci, Aldo

    Abstract polymer models with general pair interactions Aldo Procacci Dep. Matem´atica-ICEx, UFMG (i.e. not necessarily hard core or repulsive). A concrete example is given in which polymers are r0 (possibly attractive), of the type 1/rd+ with > 0. 1. Introduction The abstract polymer gas is an important

  9. Pseudo supersymmetric partners for the generalized Swanson model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Sinha; P. Roy

    2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    New non Hermitian Hamiltonians are generated, as isospectral partners of the generalized Swanson model, viz., $ H_- = {\\cal{A}}^{\\dagger} {\\cal{A}} + \\alpha {\\cal{A}} ^2 + \\beta {\\cal{A}}^{\\dagger 2} $, where $ \\alpha \\beta $ are real constants, with $ \\alpha \

  10. GENERALIZED STIRLING PERMUTATIONS, FAMILIES OF INCREASING TREES AND URN MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janson, Svante

    GENERALIZED STIRLING PERMUTATIONS, FAMILIES OF INCREASING TREES AND URN MODELS SVANTE JANSON and descents in the class of Stirling permutations, introduced by Gessel and Stanley [14]. Recently, Janson [18] showed the connection between Stirling permutations and plane recursive trees and proved a joint nor- mal

  11. An Analytic Linear Accelerator Source Model for Monte Carlo Dose Calculations. I. Model Representation and Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Zhen; Folkerts, Michael; Shi, Feng; Jiang, Steve B; Jia, Xun

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monte Carlo (MC) simulation is considered as the most accurate method for radiation dose calculations. Accuracy of a source model for a linear accelerator is critical for the overall dose calculation accuracy. In this paper, we presented an analytical source model that we recently developed for GPU-based MC dose calculations. A key concept called phase-space-ring (PSR) was proposed. It contained a group of particles that are of the same type and close in energy and radial distance to the center of the phase-space plane. The model parameterized probability densities of particle location, direction and energy for each primary photon PSR, scattered photon PSR and electron PSR. For a primary photon PSRs, the particle direction is assumed to be from the beam spot. A finite spot size is modeled with a 2D Gaussian distribution. For a scattered photon PSR, multiple Gaussian components were used to model the particle direction. The direction distribution of an electron PSRs was also modeled as a 2D Gaussian distributi...

  12. Lattice and off-lattice side chain models of protein folding: Linear time structure prediction better than 86% of optimal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, W.E.; Istrail, S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Algorithms and Discrete Mathematics Dept.

    1996-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers the protein structure prediction problem for lattice and off-lattice protein folding models that explicitly represent side chains. Lattice models of proteins have proven extremely useful tools for reasoning about protein folding in unrestricted continuous space through analogy. This paper provides the first illustration of how rigorous algorithmic analyses of lattice models can lead to rigorous algorithmic analyses of off-lattice models. The authors consider two side chain models: a lattice model that generalizes the HP model (Dill 85) to explicitly represent side chains on the cubic lattice, and a new off-lattice model, the HP Tangent Spheres Side Chain model (HP-TSSC), that generalizes this model further by representing the backbone and side chains of proteins with tangent spheres. They describe algorithms for both of these models with mathematically guaranteed error bounds. In particular, the authors describe a linear time performance guaranteed approximation algorithm for the HP side chain model that constructs conformations whose energy is better than 865 of optimal in a face centered cubic lattice, and they demonstrate how this provides a 70% performance guarantee for the HP-TSSC model. This is the first algorithm in the literature for off-lattice protein structure prediction that has a rigorous performance guarantee. The analysis of the HP-TSSC model builds off of the work of Dancik and Hannenhalli who have developed a 16/30 approximation algorithm for the HP model on the hexagonal close packed lattice. Further, the analysis provides a mathematical methodology for transferring performance guarantees on lattices to off-lattice models. These results partially answer the open question of Karplus et al. concerning the complexity of protein folding models that include side chains.

  13. Robust Constrained Model Predictive Control using Linear Matrix Inequalities \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishnan, Venkataramanan "Ragu"

    dynamical systems, such as those encountered in chemical process control in the petrochemical, pulp process models as well as many performance criteria of significance to the process industries can

  14. Robust Constrained Model Predictive Control using Linear Matrix Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishnan, Venkataramanan "Ragu"

    , such as those encountered in chemical process control in the petrochemical, pulp and paper industries, several process models as well as many performance criteria of significance to the process industries can

  15. Modelling general relativistic perfect fluids in field theoretic language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolai V. Mitskievich

    1998-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Skew-symmetric massless fields, their potentials being $r$-forms, are close analogues of Maxwell's field (though the non-linear cases also should be considered). We observe that only two of them ($r=$2 and 3) automatically yield stress-energy tensors characteristic to normal perfect fluids. It is shown that they naturally describe both non-rotating ($r=2$) and rotating (then a combination of $r=2$ and $r=3$ fields is indispensable) general relativistic perfect fluids possessing every type of equations of state. Meanwile, a free $r=3$ field is completely equivalent to appearance of the cosmological term in Einstein's equations. Sound waves represent perturbations propagating on the background of the $r=2$ field. Some exotic properties of these two fields are outlined.

  16. Holographic entanglement entropy in general holographic superconductor models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan Peng; Qiyuan Pan

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the entanglement entropy of general holographic dual models both in AdS soliton and AdS black hole backgrounds with full backreaction. We find that the entanglement entropy is a good probe to explore the properties of the holographic superconductors and provides richer physics in the phase transition. We obtain the effects of the scalar mass, model parameter and backreaction on the entropy, and argue that the jump of the entanglement entropy may be a quite general feature for the first order phase transition. In strong contrast to the insulator/superconductor system, we note that the backreaction coupled with the scalar mass can not be used to trigger the first order phase transition if the model parameter is below its bottom bound in the metal/superconductor system.

  17. A general holographic metal/superconductor phase transition model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan Peng; Yunqi Liu

    2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the scalar condensation of a general holographic superconductor model in AdS black hole background away from the probe limit. We find the model parameters together with the scalar mass and backreaction can determine the order of phase transitions completely. In addition, we observe two types of discontinuities of the scalar operator in the case of first order phase transitions. We analyze in detail the effects of the scalar mass and backreaction on the formation of discontinuities and arrive at an approximate relation between the threshold model parameters. Furthermore, we obtain superconductor solutions corresponding to higher energy states and examine the stability of these superconductor solutions.

  18. A general holographic metal/superconductor phase transition model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan Peng; Yunqi Liu

    2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the scalar condensation of a general holographic superconductor model in AdS black hole background away from the probe limit. We find the model parameters together with the scalar mass and backreaction can determine the order of phase transitions completely. In addition, we observe two types of discontinuities of the scalar operator in the case of first order phase transitions. We analyze in detail the effects of the scalar mass and backreaction on the formation of discontinuities and arrive at an approximate relation between the threshold model parameters. Furthermore, we obtain superconductor solutions corresponding to higher energy states and examine the stability of these superconductor solutions.

  19. Two Species of Vortices in a massive Gauged Non-linear Sigma Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberto Alonso-Izquierdo; Wifredo Garcia Fuertes; Juan Mateos Guilarte

    2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-linear sigma models with scalar fields taking values on $\\mathbb{C}\\mathbb{P}^n$ complex manifolds are addressed. In the simplest $n=1$ case, where the target manifold is the $\\mathbb{S}^2$ sphere, we describe the scalar fields by means of stereographic maps. In this case when the $\\mathbb{U}(1)$ symmetry is gauged and Maxwell and mass terms are allowed, the model accommodates stable self-dual vortices of two kinds with different energies per unit length and where the Higgs field winds at the cores around the two opposite poles of the sphere. Allowing for dielectric functions in the magnetic field, similar and richer self-dual vortices of different species in the south and north charts can be found by slightly modifying the potential. Two different situations are envisaged: either the vacuum orbit lies on a parallel in the sphere, or one pole and the same parallel form the vacuum orbit. Besides the self-dual vortices of two species, there exist BPS domain walls in the second case. Replacing the Maxwell contribution of the gauge field to the action by the second Chern-Simons secondary class, only possible in $(2+1)$-dimensional Minkowski space-time, new BPS topological defects of two species appear. Namely, both BPS vortices and domain ribbons in the south and the north charts exist because the vacuum orbit consits of the two poles and one parallel. Formulation of the gauged $\\mathbb{C}\\mathbb{P}^2$ model in a Reference chart shows a self-dual structure such that BPS semi-local vortices exist. The transition functions to the second or third charts break the $\\mathbb{U}(1)\\times\\mathbb{S}\\mathbb{U}(2)$ semi-local symmetry, but there is still room for standard self-dual vortices of the second species. The same structures encompassing $N$ complex scalar fields are easily generalized to gauged $\\mathbb{C}\\mathbb{P}^N$ models.

  20. Reading list for ST 755 Topic 1: Linear mixed models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Daowen

    problems. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 72, 320­340. 5. Laird, N.M. and Ware, J.H. (1982 models. Journal of the American Statistical Association 88, 9­25. 3. Breslow, N.E. and Lin, X. (1995 with multiple components of dispersion. Journal of the American Statistical Associ- ation 91, 1007­1016. 5

  1. A Linear Parabolic Trough Solar Collector Performance Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, M.; Archer, D.; Masson, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    through a 6m by 2.3m PTSC with 900 w/m^2 solar insulation and 0 incident angle, the estimated collector efficiency is about 55% The model predictions will be confirmed by the operation of PTSCs now being installed at Carnegie Mellon....

  2. Spontaneous symmetry breaking in a generalized orbital compass model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lukasz Cincio; Jacek Dziarmaga; Andrzej M. Oles

    2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a generalized two-dimensional orbital compass model, which interpolates continuously from the classical Ising model to the orbital compass model with frustrated quantum interactions, and investigate it using the multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA). The results demonstrate that increasing frustration of exchange interactions triggers a second order quantum phase transition to a degenerate symmetry broken state which minimizes one of the interactions in the orbital compass model. Using boson expansion within the spin-wave theory we unravel the physical mechanism of the symmetry breaking transition as promoted by weak quantum fluctuations and explain why this transition occurs only surprisingly close to the maximally frustrated interactions of the orbital compass model. The spin waves remain gapful at the critical point, and both the boson expansion and MERA do not find any algebraically decaying spin-spin correlations in the critical ground state.

  3. 8. Neural Networks Over the years, linear regression models have attempted to characterise the 0.2% proof stress and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    30 8. Neural Networks Over the years, linear regression models have attempted to characterise the 0 interact. A more powerful alternative is the use of neural networks [40,42], a non-linear modelling prediction uncertainties. #12;31 In linear regression, the sum of each input xi multiplied with a weight wi

  4. TIME-VARYING LINEAR MODEL APPROXIMATION: APPLICATION TO THERMAL AND AIRFLOW BUILDING SIMULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TIME-VARYING LINEAR MODEL APPROXIMATION: APPLICATION TO THERMAL AND AIRFLOW BUILDING SIMULATION Nowadays, most of the numerical tools dedicated to simulating the thermal behavior of buildings, consider is demonstrated by its application to the simulation of a multi-zones building. THERMAL AND AIRFLOW MODELS

  5. Distributed state estimation and model predictive control of linear interconnected system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    requirements, modern control systems are becoming more and more complex. For these processes, different controlDistributed state estimation and model predictive control of linear interconnected system: In this paper, a distributed and networked control system architecture based on independent Model Predictive

  6. Plug-and-play decentralized model predictive control for linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari-Trecate, Giancarlo

    1 Plug-and-play decentralized model predictive control for linear systems Stefano Riverso, Graduate to automatize the design of local controllers so that it can be carried out in parallel by smart actuators. In particular, local controllers exploit tube-based Model Predictive Control (MPC) in order to guarantee

  7. Local Genealogies in a Linear Mixed Model for Genome-Wide Association Mapping in Complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schierup, Mikkel Heide

    Local Genealogies in a Linear Mixed Model for Genome-Wide Association Mapping in Complex Pedigreed fashion. Here, we present a complementary approach, called `GENMIX (genealogy based mixed model)' which combines advantages from two powerful GWAS methods: genealogy-based haplotype grouping and MMA. Subjects

  8. Energy and agriculture in the Haitian economy: A computable general equilibrium model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, D.W.; Wu, M.T.C.; Das, S.; Cohn, S.M.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the economy of Haiti, emphasizing energy use in agriculture. CGE models compare favorably with econometric models for developing countries in terms of their ability to take advantage of available data. The model of Haiti contains ten production sectors: manufacturing, services, transportation, electricity, rice, coffee, sugar cane, sugar refining, general agriculture, and fuelwood and charcoal. All production functions use functional forms which permit factor substitution. Consumption is specified for three income categories of consumers and a government sector with a linear expenditure system (LES) of demand equations. The economy exports four categories of products and imports six. Balanced trade and capital accounts are required for equilibrium. Total sectoral allocations of land, labor and capital are constrained to equal the quantities of these inputs in the Haitian economy as of the early 1980s. The model can be used to study the consequences of fiscal and trade policies and sectorally oriented productivity improvement policies. Guidance is offered regarding how to use the model to study economic growth and technological change. Limitations of the mode are also pointed out as well as user strategies which can lessen or work around some of those limitations. 19 refs.

  9. Non-linear sigma-models and string theories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sen, A.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The connection between sigma-models and string theories is discussed, as well as how the sigma-models can be used as tools to prove various results in string theories. Closed bosonic string theory in the light cone gauge is very briefly introduced. Then, closed bosonic string theory in the presence of massless background fields is discussed. The light cone gauge is used, and it is shown that in order to obtain a Lorentz invariant theory, the string theory in the presence of background fields must be described by a two-dimensional conformally invariant theory. The resulting constraints on the background fields are found to be the equations of motion of the string theory. The analysis is extended to the case of the heterotic string theory and the superstring theory in the presence of the massless background fields. It is then shown how to use these results to obtain nontrivial solutions to the string field equations. Another application of these results is shown, namely to prove that the effective cosmological constant after compactification vanishes as a consequence of the classical equations of motion of the string theory. 34 refs. (LEW)

  10. B Decays in a General Left-Right Symmetric Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Mariana; Turan, Ismail

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by recently observed disagreements with the SM predictions in B decays, we study $b \\to d, s$ transitions in a general class of $SU(2)_L \\times SU(2)_R \\times U(1)_{B-L}$ models, with a simple one-parameter structure of the right handed mixing matrix for the quarks, which obeys the constraints from kaon physics. We use experimental constraints on the branching ratios of $b \\to s \\gamma$, $b \\to c e {\\bar \

  11. Exceptional and regular spectra of a generalized Rabi model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Tomka; Omar El Araby; Mikhail Pletyukhov; Vladimir Gritsev

    2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the spectrum of the generalized Rabi model in which co- and counter-rotating terms have different coupling strengths. It is also equivalent to the model of a two-dimensional electron gas in a magnetic field with Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit couplings. Like in case of the Rabi model, the spectrum of the generalized Rabi model consists of the regular and the exceptional parts. The latter is represented by the energy levels which cross at certain parameters' values which we determine explicitly. The wave functions of these exceptional states are given by finite order polynomials in the Bargmann representation. The roots of these polynomials satisfy a Bethe ansatz equation of the Gaudin type. At the exceptional points the model is therefore quasi-exactly solvable. An analytical approximation is derived for the regular part of the spectrum in the weak- and strong-coupling limits. In particular, in the strong-coupling limit the spectrum consists of two quasi-degenerate equidistant ladders.

  12. A dark energy model alternative to generalized Chaplygin gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoavo Hova; Huanxiong Yang

    2010-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new fluid model of dark energy for $-1 \\leq \\omega_{\\text{eff}} \\leq 0$ as an alternative to the generalized Chaplygin gas models. The energy density of dark energy fluid is severely suppressed during barotropic matter dominant epochs, and it dominates the universe evolution only for eras of small redshift. From the perspective of fundamental physics, the fluid is a tachyon field with a scalar potential flatter than that of power-law decelerated expansion. Different from the standard $\\Lambda\\text{CDM}$ model, the suggested dark energy model claims that the cosmic acceleration at present epoch can not continue forever but will cease in the near future and a decelerated cosmic expansion will recover afterwards.

  13. A dark energy model alternative to generalized Chaplygin gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hova, Hoavo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new fluid model of dark energy for $-1 \\leq \\omega_{\\text{eff}} \\leq 0$ as an alternative to the generalized Chaplygin gas models. The energy density of dark energy fluid is severely suppressed during barotropic matter dominant epochs, and it dominates the universe evolution only for eras of small redshift. From the perspective of fundamental physics, the fluid is a tachyon field with a scalar potential flatter than that of power-law decelerated expansion. Different from the standard $\\Lambda\\text{CDM}$ model, the suggested dark energy model claims that the cosmic acceleration at present epoch can not continue forever but will cease in the near future and a decelerated cosmic expansion will recover afterwards.

  14. Three-dimensional finite-difference modeling of non-linear ground notion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, E.M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Olsen, K.B. [California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA (United States). Inst. for Crustal Studies

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a hybrid finite-difference technique capable of modeling non-linear soil amplification from the 3-D finite-fault radiation pattern for earthquakes in arbitrary earth models. The method is applied to model non-linear effects in the soils of the San Fernando Valley (SFV) from the 17 January 1994 M 6.7 Northridge earthquake. 0-7 Hz particle velocities are computed for an area of 17 km by 19 km immediately above the causative fault and 5 km below the surface where peak strike-parallel, strike-perpendicular, vertical, and total velocities reach values of 71 cm/s, 145 cm/s, 152 cm/s, and 180 cm/s, respectively. Selected Green`s functions and a soil model for the SFV are used to compute the approximate stress level during the earthquake, and comparison to the values for near-surface alluvium at the U.S. Nevada Test Site suggests that the non-linear regime may have been entered. We use selected values from the simulated particle velocity distribution at 5 km depth to compute the non-linear response in a soil column below a site within the Van Norman Complex in SFV, where the strongest ground motion was recorded. Since site-specific non- linear material parameters from the SFV are currently unavailable, values are taken from analyses of observed Test Site ground motions. Preliminary results show significant reduction of spectral velocities at the surface normalized to the peak source velocity due to non-linear effects when the peak velocity increases from 32 cm/s (approximately linear case) to 64 cm/s (30-92%), 93 cm/s (7-83%), and 124 cm/s (2-70%). The largest reduction occurs for frequencies above 1 Hz.

  15. Reshocks, rarefactions, and the generalized Layzer model for hydrodynamic instabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mikaelian, K O

    2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We report numerical simulations and analytic modeling of shock tube experiments on Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities. We examine single interfaces of the type A/B where the incident shock is initiated in A and the transmitted shock proceeds into B. Examples are He/air and air/He. In addition, we study finite-thickness or double-interface A/B/A configurations like air/SF{sub 6}/air gas-curtain experiments. We first consider conventional shock tubes that have a 'fixed' boundary: A solid endwall which reflects the transmitted shock and reshocks the interface(s). Then we focus on new experiments with a 'free' boundary--a membrane disrupted mechanically or by the transmitted shock, sending back a rarefaction towards the interface(s). Complex acceleration histories are achieved, relevant for Inertial Confinement Fusion implosions. We compare our simulation results with a generalized Layzer model for two fluids with time-dependent densities, and derive a new freeze-out condition whereby accelerating and compressive forces cancel each other out. Except for the recently reported failures of the Layzer model, the generalized Layzer model and hydrocode simulations for reshocks and rarefactions agree well with each other, and remain to be verified experimentally.

  16. Perturbations in Bouncing and Cyclic Models, a General Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswas, Tirthabir; Lattyak, Colleen

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Being able to reliably track perturbations across bounces and turnarounds in cyclic and bouncing cosmology lies at the heart of being able to compare the predictions of these models with the Cosmic Microwave Background observations. This has been a challenging task due to the unknown nature of the physics involved during the bounce as well as the technical challenge of matching perturbations precisely between the expansion and contraction phases. In this paper, we will present general techniques (analytical and numerical) that can be applied to understand the physics of the fluctuations, especially those with "long" wavelengths, and test its validity in some simple bouncing/cyclic toy models where the physics is well understood. We will then apply our techniques to more interesting cosmological models such as the bounce inflation and cyclic inflation.

  17. Perturbations in Bouncing and Cyclic Models, a General Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tirthabir Biswas; Riley Mayes; Colleen Lattyak

    2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Being able to reliably track perturbations across bounces and turnarounds in cyclic and bouncing cosmology lies at the heart of being able to compare the predictions of these models with the Cosmic Microwave Background observations. This has been a challenging task due to the unknown nature of the physics involved during the bounce as well as the technical challenge of matching perturbations precisely between the expansion and contraction phases. In this paper, we will present general techniques (analytical and numerical) that can be applied to understand the physics of the fluctuations, especially those with "long" wavelengths, and test its validity in some simple bouncing/cyclic toy models where the physics is well understood. We will then apply our techniques to more interesting cosmological models such as the bounce inflation and cyclic inflation.

  18. Generalized Uncertainty Relations and Long Time Limits for Quantum Brownian Motion Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Anastopoulos; J. J. Halliwell

    1994-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the time evolution of the reduced Wigner function for a class of quantum Brownian motion models. We derive two generalized uncertainty relations. The first consists of a sharp lower bound on the uncertainty function, $U = (\\Delta p)^2 (\\Delta q)^2 $, after evolution for time $t$ in the presence of an environment. The second, a stronger and simpler result, consists of a lower bound at time $t$ on a modified uncertainty function, essentially the area enclosed by the $1-\\sigma$ contour of the Wigner function. In both cases the minimizing initial state is a non-minimal Gaussian pure state. These generalized uncertainty relations supply a measure of the comparative size of quantum and thermal fluctuations. We prove two simple inequalites, relating uncertainty to von Neumann entropy, and the von Neumann entropy to linear entropy. We also prove some results on the long-time limit of the Wigner function for arbitrary initial states. For the harmonic oscillator the Wigner function for all initial states becomes a Gaussian at large times (often, but not always, a thermal state). We derive the explicit forms of the long-time limit for the free particle (which does not in general go to a Gaussian), and also for more general potentials in the approximation of high temperature.

  19. Control-relevant Modelling and Linear Analysis of Instabilities in Oxy-fuel Combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foss, Bjarne A.

    Control-relevant Modelling and Linear Analysis of Instabilities in Oxy-fuel Combustion Dagfinn combustion have been proposed as an alternative to conventional gas turbine cycles for achieving CO2-capture for CO2 sequestration purposes. While combustion instabilities is a problem in modern conventional gas

  20. Mathematical and numerical analysis of a transient non-linear axisymmetric eddy current model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Rodolfo

    Mathematical and numerical analysis of a transient non-linear axisymmetric eddy current model the theoretically predicted behavior of the method, are reported. Keywords transient eddy current · axisymmetric is the accurate computation of power losses in the ferromagnetic components of the core due to hysteresis and eddy-current

  1. NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF A TRANSIENT NON-LINEAR AXISYMMETRIC EDDY CURRENT MODEL WITH NON-LOCAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Rodolfo

    NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF A TRANSIENT NON-LINEAR AXISYMMETRIC EDDY CURRENT MODEL WITH NON@ing-mat.udec.cl This paper deals with an axisymmetric transient eddy current problem in conductive nonlinear magnetic media of the proposed scheme. Keywords: transient eddy current problem; electromagnetic losses; nonlinear magnetic

  2. A non linear model for combustion instability : analysis and quenching of the oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    - ing the oscillations. 1 Introduction Combustion instabilities phenomena in gas turbine are the focusA non linear model for combustion instability : analysis and quenching of the oscillations Ioan D are reflected by physical boundaries into the combustion process. In term of system interpretation

  3. Large Scale Approximate Inference and Experimental Design for Sparse Linear Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seeger, Matthias

    Large Scale Approximate Inference and Experimental Design for Sparse Linear Models Matthias W.kyb.tuebingen.mpg.de/bs/people/seeger/ 27 June 2008 Matthias W. Seeger (MPI BioCyb) Large Scale Bayesian Experimental Design 27/6/08 1 / 27 Algorithms 4 Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences Matthias W. Seeger (MPI BioCyb) Large Scale Bayesian

  4. ON THE LINEAR GROWTH OF THE SPLITANDMERGE SIMULATION TREE FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vázquez-Abad, Felisa J.

    ON THE LINEAR GROWTH OF THE SPLIT­AND­MERGE SIMULATION TREE FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT Functional estimation, split­and­merge tree, opti­ mization, maintenance models, age replacement poli­ cies Abstract We a consider a replacement policy based on age thresholds, for a multicomponent system. We want

  5. Land cover time profiles from linear mixture models applied to MODIS images P. Oliveira a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonçalves, Paulo

    the coarse spatial resolution of satellites such as the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) (e and AQUA launched on December 18, 1999 and on May 4, 2002, respectively. MODIS images correspond to high the pixel. In linear models (LMM) the electromagnetic energy interacts with a single component before being

  6. Neural Modeling of Non-Linear Processes: Relevance of the Takens-Ma~ne Theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masulli, Francesco

    coupled to a 150 MW steam turbine. 1 Introduction The problem of controlling systems characterized by non to be managed (on a typical steam turbine they are about 576,000/hour). Moreover, so far, there are no availableNeural Modeling of Non-Linear Processes: Relevance of the Takens-Ma~n´e Theorem Francesco Masulli

  7. Linear Free Energy Relationships between Dissolution Rates and Molecular Modeling Energies of Rhombohedral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linear Free Energy Relationships between Dissolution Rates and Molecular Modeling Energies, and Geochemistry Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-0750 Received July 24, 2003. In Final Form: December 18, 2003 Bulk and surface energies are calculated for endmembers

  8. OFS model-based adaptive control for block-oriented non-linear Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    ) and a heavy oil distillation column (Zhang et al., 2004b). Meanwhile, he has also made some theoretical processes such as distillation, pH neutralization control, hydro-control and chemical reactions linear model predictive control (MPC) based on a Laguerre series and successfully applied the scheme to p

  9. Collinearity in Linear Structural Models of Market Power Jeffrey M. Perloff*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    if the marginal cost and demand equations are linear. Key Words: collinearity, estimation, market power. JEL that the marginal cost curve is cMC = + w+ r + Q + , (1) where w is the wage, r is the rental rate on capital, Q The well-known structural model used to estimate market power suffers from a severe collinearity problem

  10. Linear Compositional Delay Model for the Timing Analysis of Sub-Powered Combinational Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linear Compositional Delay Model for the Timing Analysis of Sub-Powered Combinational Circuits the propagation delay through nanometer CMOS circuits is highly desirable. Statistical Static Timing Analysis to accurately capture the circuit behaviour. In view of this we introduce an Inverse Gaussian Distribution (IGD

  11. Job Scheduling Using successive Linear Programming Approximations of a Sparse Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Job Scheduling Using successive Linear Programming Approximations of a Sparse Model Stephane of parallel jobs on a set of processors either in a cluster or in a multiprocessor computer. For the makespan objective, i.e., the comple- tion time of the last job, this problem has been shown to be NP

  12. Generalized lepton number and dark left-right gauge model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalil, Shaaban [Center for Theoretical Physics, British University in Egypt, El Sherouk City, Postal No. 11837, P.O. Box 43 (Egypt); Department of Mathematics, Ain Shams University, Faculty of Science, Cairo 11566 (Egypt); Lee, Hye-Sung; Ma, Ernest [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 (United States)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In a left-right gauge model of particle interactions, the left-handed fermion doublet ({nu},e){sub L} is connected to its right-handed counterpart (n,e){sub R} through a scalar bidoublet so that e{sub L} pairs with e{sub R}, and {nu}{sub L} with n{sub R} to form mass terms. Suppose the latter link is severed without affecting the former, then n{sub R} is not the mass partner of {nu}{sub L}, and as we show in this paper, becomes a candidate for dark matter which is relevant for the recent PAMELA and ATIC observations. We accomplish this in a specific nonsupersymmetric model, where a generalized lepton number can be defined, so that n{sub R} and W{sub R}{sup {+-}} are odd under R{identical_to}(-1){sup 3B+L+2j}. Fermionic leptoquarks are also predicted.

  13. Lattice spacing dependence of phase transition temperature in the classical linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2001-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investigated the phase transition properties of classical linear sigma model. The fields were kept in contact with a heat bath for sufficiently long time such that fields are equilibrated at the temperature of the heat bath. It was shown that the sigma model fields undergoes phase transition, but the transition temperature depend crucially on the lattice spacing. In the continuum limit, the transition temperature tends to zero or at least to a very low value.

  14. Non-linear Langevin model for the early-stage dynamics of electrospinning jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauricella, Marco; Pisignano, Dario; Succi, Sauro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a non-linear Langevin model to investigate the early-stage dynamics of electrified polymer jets in electrospinning experiments. In particular, we study the effects of air drag force on the uniaxial elongation of the charged jet, right after ejection from the nozzle. Numerical simulations show that the elongation of the jet filament close to the injection point is significantly affected by the non-linear drag exerted by the surrounding air. These result provide useful insights for the optimal design of current and future electrospinning experiments.

  15. Linear-optical generation of eigenstates of the two-site XY model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanie Barz; Borivoje Dakic; Yannick Ole Lipp; Frank Verstraete; James D. Whitfield; Philip Walther

    2014-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Much of the anticipation accompanying the development of a quantum computer relates to its application to simulating dynamics of another quantum system of interest. Here we study the building blocks for simulating quantum spin systems with linear optics. We experimentally generate the eigenstates of the XY Hamiltonian under an external magnetic field. The implemented quantum circuit consists of two CNOT gates, which are realized experimentally by harnessing entanglement from a photon source and by applying a CPhase gate. We tune the ratio of coupling constants and magnetic field by changing local parameters. This implementation of the XY model using linear quantum optics might open the door to the future studies of quenching dynamics using linear optics.

  16. Lattice model of linear telechelic polymer melts. II. Influence of chain stiffness on basic thermodynamic properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen-Sheng Xu; Karl F. Freed

    2015-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The lattice cluster theory (LCT) for semiflexible linear telechelic melts, developed in paper I, is applied to examine the influence of chain stiffness on the average degree of self-assembly and the basic thermodynamic properties of linear telechelic polymer melts. Our calculations imply that chain stiffness promotes self-assembly of linear telechelic polymer melts that assemble on cooling when either polymer volume fraction $\\phi$ or temperature $T$ is high, but opposes self-assembly when both $\\phi$ and $T$ are sufficiently low. This allows us to identify a boundary line in the $\\phi$-$T$ plane that separates two regions of qualitatively different influence of chain stiffness on self-assembly. The enthalpy and entropy of self-assembly are usually treated as adjustable parameters in classical Flory-Huggins type theories for the equilibrium self-assembly of polymers, but they are demonstrated here to strongly depend on chain stiffness. Moreover, illustrative calculations for the dependence of the entropy density of linear telechelic polymer melts on chain stiffness demonstrate the importance of including semiflexibility within the LCT when exploring the nature of glass formation in models of linear telechelic polymer melts.

  17. ''Nuclear Winter'': A diagnosis of atmospheric general circulation model simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Covey, C.; Thompson, S.L.; Schneider, S.H.

    1985-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the adiabatic and diabatic thermal balance of an atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) under two conditions: the control case, representing today's atmosphere, and a ''nuclear winter'' scenario in which virtually all sunlight in northern hemisphere and mid-latitudes is absorbed in the upper troposphere by prescribed dense smoke clouds hypothesized to result from the burning of many cities in a nuclear war. We also examine the changes in moisture and cloudiness simulated by the model. Our object is to examine the reliability of existing simulations of the climatic response to assumed dense, widespread, high-altitude smoke and to identify improvements needed in model parameterizations. We find that in the smoke-perturbed case our model simulation of land surface temperature is particularly influenced (i.e., warmed) by parameterized diffusion of heat downward from the lower troposphere. In turn the lower troposphere over land is supplied with heat transported from the relatively warm oceans. Thermal balance in the perturbed atmosphere as a whole is dominated by intense solar heating of the upper troposphere smoke layer in mid-latitudes balanced by parameterized dry convection and large-scale dynamical heat transport. Clouds largely disappear in the mid to upper troposphere in smoke-affected regions as a consequence of a decrease in local relative humidity that results from temperature increases and, to a smaller extent, from a reduction of vertical moisture transport. The computation of substantial downward vertical heat diffusion into the lowest model layer is almost certainly an overestimate for the smoke-perturbed conditions of high vertical stability.

  18. A finite element approach to study cavitation instabilities in non-linear elastic solids under general loading conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Pamies, Oscar

    A finite element approach to study cavitation instabilities in non-linear elastic solids under a b s t r a c t This paper proposes an effective numerical method to study cavitation instabilities a single infinitesimal defect at its center. The occurrence of cavitation is identified as the event when

  19. POWER ELECTRONICS HARMONIC ANALYSIS BASED ON THE LINEAR TIME PERIODIC MODELING. APPLICATIONS FOR AC/DC/AC POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    /Simulink simulations. Key words: power system harmonics, power electronic, linear time periodic modeling, PWM, control1 POWER ELECTRONICS HARMONIC ANALYSIS BASED ON THE LINEAR TIME PERIODIC MODELING. APPLICATIONS in power electronic systems. The considered system is described by a set of differential equations, which

  20. Generalized Modeling of Enrichment Cascades That Include Minor Isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, Charles F [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The monitoring of enrichment operations may require innovative analysis to allow for imperfect or missing data. The presence of minor isotopes may help or hurt - they can complicate a calculation or provide additional data to corroborate a calculation. However, they must be considered in a rigorous analysis, especially in cases involving reuse. This study considers matched-abundanceratio cascades that involve at least three isotopes and allows generalized input that does not require all feed assays or the enrichment factor to be specified. Calculations are based on the equations developed for the MSTAR code but are generalized to allow input of various combinations of assays, flows, and other cascade properties. Traditional cascade models have required specification of the enrichment factor, all feed assays, and the product and waste assays of the primary enriched component. The calculation would then produce the numbers of stages in the enriching and stripping sections and the remaining assays in waste and product streams. In cases where the enrichment factor or feed assays were not known, analysis was difficult or impossible. However, if other quantities are known (e.g., additional assays in waste or product streams), a reliable calculation is still possible with the new code, but such nonstandard input may introduce additional numerical difficulties into the calculation. Thus, the minimum input requirements for a stable solution are discussed, and a sample problem with a non-unique solution is described. Both heuristic and mathematically required guidelines are given to assist the application of cascade modeling to situations involving such non-standard input. As a result, this work provides both a calculational tool and specific guidance for evaluation of enrichment cascades in which traditional input data are either flawed or unknown. It is useful for cases involving minor isotopes, especially if the minor isotope assays are desired (or required) to be important contributors to the overall analysis.

  1. Degeneracies and scaling relations in general power-law models for gravitational lenses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olaf Wucknitz

    2002-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The time delay in gravitational lenses can be used to derive the Hubble constant in a relatively simple way. The results of this method are less dependent on astrophysical assumptions than in many other methods. The most important uncertainty is related to the mass model used. We discuss a family of models with a separable radial power-law and an arbitrary angular dependence for the potential psi = r^beta * F(theta). Isothermal potentials are a special case of these models with beta=1. An additional external shear is used to take into account perturbations from other galaxies. Using a simple linear formalism for quadruple lenses, we can derive H0 as a function of the observables and the shear. If the latter is fixed, the result depends on the assumed power-law exponent according to H0 proportional to (2-beta)/beta. The effect of external shear is quantified by introducing a `critical shear' gamma_c as a measure for the amount of shear that changes the result significantly. The analysis shows, that in the general case H0 and gamma_c do not depend on the position of the lens galaxy. We discuss these results and compare with numerical models for a number of real lens systems.

  2. The linear model and experimentally observed resonant field amplification in tokamaks and reversed field pinches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pustovitov, V. D. [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Institute of Tokamak Physics (Russian Federation)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A review is given of the experimentally observed effects related to the resonant field amplification (RFA) and the Resistive Wall Mode (RWM) instability in tokamaks and reversed field pinches (RFPs). This includes the feedback rotation of RWM in RFX-mod RFP, dependence of the RWM growth rate on the plasma-wall separation observed in JT-60U, appearance of the slowly growing RWM precursors in JT-60U and similar phenomena in other devices. The experimental results are compared with theoretical predictions based on the model comprising the Maxwell equations, Ohm's law for the conducting wall, the boundary conditions and assumption of linear plasma response to the external magnetic perturbations. The model describes the plasma reaction to the error field as essentially depending on two factors: the plasma proximity to the RWM stability threshold and the natural rotation frequency of the plasma mode. The linear response means that these characteristics are determined by the plasma equilibrium parameters only. It is shown that the mentioned effects in different devices under different conditions can be described on a common basis with only assumption that the plasma behaves as a linear system. To extend the range of the model validation, some predictions are derived with proposals for experimental studies of the RFA dynamics.

  3. On linear stability and dispersion for crystals in the Schroedinger-Poisson model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Komech; Elena Kopylova

    2015-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the Schr\\"odinger-Poisson-Newton equations as a model of crystals. Our main results are the well posedness and dispersion decay for the linearized dynamics at the ground state. This linearization is a Hamilton system with nonselfadjoint (and even nonsymmetric) generator. We diagonalize this Hamilton generator using our theory of spectral resolution of the Hamilton operators with positive definite energy which is a special version of the M. Krein - H. Langer theory of selfadjoint operators in the Hilbert spaces with indefinite metric. Using this spectral resolution, we establish the well posedness and the dispersion decay of the linearized dynamics with positive energy. The key result of present paper is the energy positivity for the linearized dynamics with small elementary charge $e>0$ under a novel Wiener-type condition on the ions positions and their charge densitities. We give examples of the crystals satisfying this condition. The main difficulty in the proof ofr the positivity is due to the fact that for $e=0$ the minimal spectral point $E_0=0$ is an eigenvalue of infinite multiplicity for the energy operator. To prove the positivity we study the asymptotics of the ground state as $e\\to 0$ and show that the zero eigenvalue $E_0=0$ bifurcates into $E_e\\sim e^2$.

  4. Fracture permeability and seismic wave scattering--Poroelastic linear-slip interface model for heterogeneous fractures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakagawa, S.; Myer, L.R.

    2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Schoenberg's Linear-slip Interface (LSI) model for single, compliant, viscoelastic fractures has been extended to poroelastic fractures for predicting seismic wave scattering. However, this extended model results in no impact of the in-plane fracture permeability on the scattering. Recently, we proposed a variant of the LSI model considering the heterogeneity in the in-plane fracture properties. This modified model considers wave-induced, fracture-parallel fluid flow induced by passing seismic waves. The research discussed in this paper applies this new LSI model to heterogeneous fractures to examine when and how the permeability of a fracture is reflected in the scattering of seismic waves. From numerical simulations, we conclude that the heterogeneity in the fracture properties is essential for the scattering of seismic waves to be sensitive to the permeability of a fracture.

  5. A reduced order model for the study of asymmetries in linear gas chromatography for homogeneous tubular columns.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whiting, Joshua J.; Romero, Louis Anthony; Parks, Michael L.

    2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In gas chromatography, a chemical sample separates into its constituent components as it travels along a long thin column. As the component chemicals exit the column they are detected and identified, allowing the chemical makeup of the sample to be determined. For correct identification of the component chemicals, the distribution of the concentration of each chemical along the length of the column must be nearly symmetric. The prediction and control of asymmetries in gas chromatography has been an active research area since the advent of the technique. In this paper, we develop from first principles a general model for isothermal linear chromatography. We use this model to develop closed-form expressions for terms related to the first, second, and third moments of the distribution of the concentration, which determines the velocity, diffusion rate, and asymmetry of the distribution. We show that for all practical experimental situations, only fronting peaks are predicted by this model, suggesting that a nonlinear chromatography model is required to predict tailing peaks. For situations where asymmetries arise, we analyze the rate at which the concentration distribution returns to a normal distribution. Numerical examples are also provided.

  6. Proton radioactivity within a generalized liquid drop model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. M. Dong; H. F. Zhang; G. Royer

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The proton radioactivity half-lives of spherical proton emitters are investigated theoretically. The potential barriers preventing the emission of protons are determined in the quasimolecular shape path within a generalized liquid drop model (GLDM) including the proximity effects between nuclei in a neck and the mass and charge asymmetry. The penetrability is calculated with the WKB approximation. The spectroscopic factor has been taken into account in half-life calculation, which is obtained by employing the relativistic mean field (RMF) theory combined with the BCS method with the force NL3. The half-lives within the GLDM are compared with the experimental data and other theoretical values. The GLDM works quite well for spherical proton emitters when the spectroscopic factors are considered, indicating the necessity of introducing the spectroscopic factor and the success of the GLDM for proton emission. Finally, we present two formulas for proton emission half-life calculation similar to the Viola-Seaborg formulas and Royer's formulas of alpha decay.

  7. applying generalized stochastic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GENERATORS Rick Katz Institute for Study Weather Generators (2) Generalized Linear Models (GLMs) (3) GLM Weather Generator (4) Application to Daily ("Covariates") Not...

  8. A Mixed-Integer Linear Programming Model for Optimizing the Scheduling and Assignment of Tank Farm Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    1 A Mixed-Integer Linear Programming Model for Optimizing the Scheduling and Assignment of Tank, Midland, MI 48674, USA Abstract This paper presents a novel mixed-integer linear programming (MILP multi-product processing lines and the assignment of dedicated storage tanks to finished products

  9. Dirichlet Process Mixtures of Generalized Linear Models Lauren A. Hannah lhannah@princeton.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    David M. Blei blei@cs.princeton.edu Department of Computer Science Princeton University Princeton, NJ

  10. Dirichlet Process Mixtures of Generalized Linear Models Lauren Hannah lhannah@princeton.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    David Blei blei@cs.princeton.edu Department of Computer Science Princeton University Princeton, NJ 08544

  11. Hybrid Finite Volume Discretization of Linear Elasticity Models on General Meshes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    or Bachaquero) induces a deformation of the pore volume which (i) modi- fies significantly the production in order to assess the mechanical integrity of the storage in the injection phase. D.A. Di Pietro, S a structured hexahedral grid, vertical edges of the cells may typically collapse to account for the erosion

  12. Angular momentum transport modeling: achievements of a gyrokinetic quasi-linear approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cottier, P; Camenen, Y; Gurcan, O D; Casson, F J; Garbet, X; Hennequin, P; Tala, T

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    QuaLiKiz, a model based on a local gyrokinetic eigenvalue solver is expanded to include momentum flux modeling in addition to heat and particle fluxes. Essential for accurate momentum flux predictions, the parallel asymmetrization of the eigenfunctions is successfully recovered by an analytical fluid model. This is tested against self-consistent gyrokinetic calculations and allows for a correct prediction of the ExB shear impact on the saturated potential amplitude by means of a mixing length rule. Hence, the effect of the ExB shear is recovered on all the transport channels including the induced residual stress. Including these additions, QuaLiKiz remains ~10 000 faster than non-linear gyrokinetic codes allowing for comparisons with experiments without resorting to high performance computing. The example is given of momentum pinch calculations in NBI modulation experiments.

  13. Non-linear Dynamics, Emergent Behaviors and Controlled Expansions: Towards Effective Modeling of the Congested Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bo Yang; Xihua Xu; John Z. F. Pang; Christopher Monterola

    2015-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a framework for constructing microscopic traffic models from microscopic acceleration patterns that can in principle be experimental measured and proper averaged. The exact model thus obtained can be used to justify the consistency of various popular models in the literature. Assuming analyticity of the exact model, we suggest that a controlled expansion around the constant velocity, uniform headway "ground state" is the proper way of constructing various different effective models. Assuming a unique ground state for any fixed average density, we discuss the universal properties of the resulting effective model, focusing on the emergent quantities of the coupled non-linear ODEs. These include the maximum and minimum headway that give the coexistence curve in the phase diagram, as well as an emergent intrinsic scale that characterizes the strength of interaction between clusters, leading to non-trivial cluster statistics when the unstable ground state is randomly perturbed. Utilizing the universal properties of the emergent quantities, a simple algorithm for constructing an effective traffic model is also presented. The algorithm tunes the model with statistically well-defined quantities extracted from the flow-density plot, and the resulting effective model naturally captures and predicts many quantitative and qualitative empirical features of the highway traffic, especially in the presence of an on-ramp bottleneck. The simplicity of the effective model provides strong evidence that stochasticity, diversity of vehicle types and modeling of complicated individual driving behaviors are \\emph{not} fundamental to many observations of the complex spatiotemporal patterns in the real traffic dynamics. We also propose the nature of the congested phase can be well characterized by the long lasting transient states of the effective model, from which the wide moving jams evolve.

  14. The 2-dimensional non-linear sigma-model on a random latice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Alles; M. Beccaria

    1995-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The O(n) non-linear $\\sigma$-model is simulated on 2-dimensional regular and random lattices. We use two different levels of randomness in the construction of the random lattices and give a detailed explanation of the geometry of such lattices. In the simulations, we calculate the mass gap for $n=3, 4$ and 8, analysing the asymptotic scaling of the data and computing the ratio of Lambda parameters $\\Lambda_{\\rm random}/\\Lambda_{\\rm regular}$. These ratios are in agreement with previous semi-analytical calculations. We also numerically calculate the topological susceptibility by using the cooling method.

  15. On the generalization of linear least mean squares estimation to quantum systems with non-commutative outputs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nina H. Amini; Zibo Miao; Yu Pan; Matthew R. James; Hideo Mabuchi

    2015-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this paper is to study the problem of generalizing the Belavkin-Kalman filter to the case where the classical measurement signal is replaced by a fully quantum non-commutative output signal. We formulate a least mean squares estimation problem that involves a non-commutative system as the filter processing the non-commutative output signal. We solve this estimation problem within the framework of non-commutative probability. Also, we find the necessary and sufficient conditions which make these non-commutative estimators physically realizable.

  16. Generally covariant Fresnel equation and the emergence of the light cone structure in linear pre-metric electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillermo F. Rubilar; Yuri N. Obukhov; Friedrich W. Hehl

    2002-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the {\\em propagation of electromagnetic waves} in a spacetime devoid of a metric but equipped with a {\\em linear} electromagnetic spacetime relation $H\\sim\\chi\\cdot F$. Here $H$ is the electromagnetic excitation $({\\cal D},{\\cal H})$ and $F$ the field strength $(E,B)$, whereas $\\chi$ (36 independent components) characterizes the electromagnetic permittivity/permeability of spacetime. We derive analytically the corresponding Fresnel equation and show that it is always quartic in the wave covectors. We study the `Fresnel tensor density' ${\\cal G}^{ijkl}$ as (cubic) function of $\\chi$ and identify the leading part of $\\chi$ (20 components) as indispensable for light propagation. Upon requiring electric/magnetic reciprocity of the spacetime relation, the leading part of $\\chi$ induces the {\\em light cone} structure of spacetime (9 components), i.e., the spacetime metric up to a function. The possible existence of an Abelian {\\em axion} field (1 component of $\\chi$) and/or of a {\\em skewon} field (15 components) and their effect on light propagation is discussed in some detail. The newly introduced skewon field is expected to be T-odd and related to dissipation.

  17. A Generalized Notion of Platforms for Model Driven Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kühne, Thomas

    , 64289 Darmstadt, Germany kuehne@informatik.tu-darmstadt.de 1 Introduction Model driven development (MDD

  18. Application of bi-linear loglog SN model to strain-controlled fatigue data of aluminum alloys and its effect on life predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fatemi, Ali

    Application of bi-linear log­log S­N model to strain-controlled fatigue data of aluminum alloys­log model is applied to stress amplitude versus fatigue life data of 14 aluminum alloys. It is shown-life curves are discussed. Life predictions of aluminum alloys based on linear and bi-linear models are also

  19. Modeling and experiments on differential pumping in linear plasma generators operating at high gas flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eck, H. J. N. van; Koppers, W. R.; Rooij, G. J. van; Goedheer, W. J.; Cardozo, N. J. Lopes; Kleyn, A. W. [FOM-Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen, Association EURATOM-FOM, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, P.O. Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Engeln, R.; Schram, D. C. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method was used to investigate the efficiency of differential pumping in linear plasma generators operating at high gas flows. Skimmers are used to separate the neutrals from the plasma beam, which is guided from the source to the target by a strong axial magnetic field. In this way, the neutrals are prevented to reach the target region. The neutral flux to the target must be lower than the plasma flux to enable ITER relevant plasma-surface interaction (PSI) studies. It is therefore essential to control the neutral gas dynamics. The DSMC method was used to model the expansion of a hot gas in a low pressure vessel where a small discrepancy in shock position was found between the simulations and a well-established empirical formula. Two stage differential pumping was modeled and applied in the linear plasma devices Pilot-PSI and PLEXIS. In Pilot-PSI a factor of 4.5 pressure reduction for H{sub 2} has been demonstrated. Both simulations and experiments showed that the optimum skimmer position depends on the position of the shock and therefore shifts for different gas parameters. The shape of the skimmer has to be designed such that it has a minimum impact on the shock structure. A too large angle between the skimmer and the forward direction of the gas flow leads to an influence on the expansion structure. A pressure increase in front of the skimmer is formed and the flow of the plasma beam becomes obstructed. It has been shown that a skimmer with an angle around 53 deg. gives the best performance. The use of skimmers is implemented in the design of the large linear plasma generator Magnum-PSI. Here, a three stage differentially pumped vacuum system is used to reach low enough neutral pressures near the target, opening a door to PSI research in the ITER relevant regime.

  20. Modelling and Linear Control of a Buoyancy-Driven Airship Xiaotao WU Claude H. MOOG and Yueming HU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Modelling and Linear Control of a Buoyancy-Driven Airship Xiaotao WU Claude H. MOOG and Yueming HU Abstract-- We describe the modelling and control of a new- kind airship which is propelled by buoyancy gliders and aircraft, a 6DOF nonlinear mathematical model of a buoyancy-driven airship is derived

  1. Experimental characterization and modeling of non-linear coupling of the LHCD power on Tore Supra

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Preynas, M. [Max Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany); Goniche, M.; Hillairet, J.; Litaudon, X.; Ekedahl, A. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint Paul lez Durance (France)

    2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    To achieve steady state operation on future tokamaks, in particular on ITER, the unique capability of a LHCD system to efficiently drive off-axis non-inductive current is needed. In this context, it is of prime importance to study and master the coupling of LH wave to the core plasma at high power density (tens of MW/m{sup 2}). In some specific conditions, deleterious effects on the LHCD coupling are sometimes observed on Tore Supra. At high power the waves may modify the edge parameters that change the wave coupling properties in a non-linear manner. In this way, dedicated LHCD experiments have been performed using the LHCD system of Tore Supra, composed of two different conceptual designs of launcher: the Fully Active Multijunction (FAM) and the new Passive Active Multijunction (PAM) antennas. A nonlinear interaction between the electron density and the electric field has been characterized in a thin plasma layer in front of the two LHCD antennas. The resulting dependence of the power reflection coefficient with the LHCD power, leading occasionally to trips in the output power, is not predicted by the standard linear theory of the LH wave coupling. Therefore, it is important to investigate and understand the possible origin of such non-linear effects in order to avoid their possible deleterious consequences. The PICCOLO-2D code, which self-consistently treats the wave propagation in the antenna vicinity and its interaction with the local edge plasma density, is used to simulate Tore Supra discharges. The simulation reproduces very well the occurrence of a non-linear behavior in the coupling observed in the LHCD experiments. The important differences and trends between the FAM and the PAM antennas, especially a larger increase in RC for the FAM, are also reproduced by the PICCOLO-2D simulation. The working hypothesis of the contribution of the ponderomotive effect in the non-linear observations of LHCD coupling is therefore validated through this comprehensive modeling for the first time on the FAM and PAM antennas on Tore Supra.

  2. Non-linear model of particle acceleration at colliding shock flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bykov, A M; Osipov, S M

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Powerful stellar winds and supernova explosions with intense energy release in the form of strong shock waves can convert a sizeable part of the kinetic energy release into energetic particles. The starforming regions are argued as a favorable site of energetic particle acceleration and could be efficient sources of nonthermal emission. We present here a non-linear time-dependent model of particle acceleration in the vicinity of two closely approaching fast magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) shocks. Such MHD flows are expected to occur in rich young stellar cluster where a supernova is exploding in the vicinity of a strong stellar wind of a nearby massive star. We find that the spectrum of the high energy particles accelerated at the stage of two closely approaching shocks can be harder than that formed at a forward shock of an isolated supernova remnant. The presented method can be applied to model particle acceleration in a variety of systems with colliding MHD flows.

  3. Non-Linear Poisson-Boltzmann Theory of a Wigner-Seitz Model for Swollen Clays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. J. F. Leote de Carvalho; E. Trizac; J. -P. Hansen

    1999-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Swollen stacks of finite-size disc-like Laponite clay platelets are investigated within a Wigner-Seitz cell model. Each cell is a cylinder containing a coaxial platelet at its centre, together with an overall charge-neutral distribution of microscopic co and counterions, within a primitive model description. The non-linear Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) equation for the electrostatic potential profile is solved numerically within a highly efficient Green's function formulation. Previous predictions of linearised Poisson-Boltzmann (LPB) theory are confirmed at a qualitative level, but large quantitative differences between PB and LPB theories are found at physically relevant values of the charge carried by the platelets. A hybrid theory treating edge effect at the linearised level yields good potential profiles. The force between two coaxial platelets, calculated within PB theory, is an order of magnitude smaller than predicted by LPB theory

  4. Neutral Higgs boson pair production at the linear collider in the noncommutative standard model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Prasanta Kumar; Prakash, Abhishodh; Mitra, Anupam [Birla Institute of Technology and Science-Pilani, K.K. Birla Goa Campus, NH-17B, Zuarinagar, Goa-403726 (India)

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the Higgs boson pair production at the linear collider in the noncommutative extension of the standard model using the Seiberg-Witten map of this to the first order of the noncommutative parameter {Theta}{sub {mu}{nu}}. Unlike the standard model (where the process is forbidden) here the Higgs boson pair directly interacts with the photon. We find that the pair production cross section can be quite significant for the noncommutative scale {Lambda} lying in the range 0.5 TeV to 1.0 TeV. Using the experimental (LEP 2, Tevatron, and global electroweak fit) bound on the Higgs mass, we obtain 626 GeV{<=}{Lambda}{<=}974 GeV.

  5. Introduction to (Generalized) Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Models in Time Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrow, James A.

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 4 ARCH/GARCH models 8 4.1 Sample Application and application of the ARCH/GARCH models proposed in the 1980's by econometricians such as Robert Engle (who won at the time). In particular, we focus on the paper, "GARCH 101: The Use of ARCH/GARCH Models in Applied Econo

  6. Adjoint-based linear analysis in reduced order thermo-acoustic models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magri, Luca; Juniper, Matthew P.

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    is reported in the supplementary material of Luchini and Bottaro [37]. To find the adjoint operator with the CA approach we have to perform integration by parts of (7). The above relation is an elaboration of the generalized Green’s identity [30, 38... Instabilities in Gas Turbine Engines: Operational Experience, Fundamental Mechanisms, and Modeling. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc., 2005. [3] F. E. C. Culick. Unsteady motions in combustion chambers for propulsion systems. RTO...

  7. ab initio Electronic Transport Model with Explicit Solution to the Linearized Boltzmann Transport Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faghaninia, Alireza; Lo, Cynthia S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accurate models of carrier transport are essential for describing the electronic properties of semiconductor materials. To the best of our knowledge, the current models following the framework of the Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) either rely heavily on experimental data (i.e., semi-empirical), or utilize simplifying assumptions, such as the constant relaxation time approximation (BTE-cRTA). While these models offer valuable physical insights and accurate calculations of transport properties in some cases, they often lack sufficient accuracy -- particularly in capturing the correct trends with temperature and carrier concentration. We present here a general transport model for calculating low-field electrical drift mobility and Seebeck coefficient of n-type semiconductors, by explicitly considering all relevant physical phenomena (i.e. elastic and inelastic scattering mechanisms). We first rewrite expressions for the rates of elastic scattering mechanisms, in terms of ab initio properties, such as the ban...

  8. Annular mode-like responses to external forcings in a simple atmospheric general circulation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ring, Michael J., 1979-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I investigate the response of a simple atmospheric general circulation model to applied forcings to learn whether the annular mode patterns are a preferred model response to the forcings. The thesis is ...

  9. Abstract--In order to design a model based controller availability of a linear model of the system to be controlled is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -elastic simulators. The use of such linearized models describing the WT dynamics was a real breakthrough, since of the resulting models is unnecessarily high for describing the plant dynamics, including non- observable modes, mechanical modelling, electrical models, etc. Based on these researches, some advanced WT simulation tools

  10. Steady state and transient model of a linear solar concentrator with cylindrical absorber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ecevit, A.

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A linear parabolic collector with integrated absorber pipe assembly is one of the main elements of a solar energy collection system that produces electricity or process heat. This kind of a system must geometrically and thermally be optimized so that a reasonable operating efficiency can be reached. A linear parabolic collector having an absorber, encircled with a cylindrical cavity, has been studied and the geometrical parameters of the system have been optimized before the collector was built and put into operation. The collector having dimensions of 200X95 sq.cm and having a focal length of 60 cm. is built under the view of the optimization procedure. The collector is oriented EW horizontal in the NS tracking mode and the longitudinal deviations of the focal line is examined. The energy distribution along the focal line of the collector is measured using a laser together with a wattmeter. The effects of the thermal and optical parameters on the performance of the system is studied by the use of a theoretical model that is built for the collector absorber system. The value of each parameter is changed from a minimum to a maximum, keeping the other parameters at their average values.

  11. A GENERALIZED SURVEILLANCE MODEL WITH APPLICATIONS TO SYSTEMS SAFETY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Minge

    performing satisfactorily. For example, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) [3] is the regulatory a development of this model is an FAA project, where we were asked to develop a surveillance model to better agency for aviation safety in the Unites States. Their aviation safety inspectors need to quickly

  12. General Methodology for developing UML models from UI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Ch Ram Mohan; Srinivasa, K G; Kumar, T V Suresh; Kanth, K Rajani

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent past every discipline and every industry have their own methods of developing products. It may be software development, mechanics, construction, psychology and so on. These demarcations work fine as long as the requirements are within one discipline. However, if the project extends over several disciplines, interfaces have to be created and coordinated between the methods of these disciplines. Performance is an important quality aspect of Web Services because of their distributed nature. Predicting the performance of web services during early stages of software development is significant. In Industry, Prototype of these applications is developed during analysis phase of Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). However, Performance models are generated from UML models. Methodologies for predicting the performance from UML models is available. Hence, In this paper, a methodology for developing Use Case model and Activity model from User Interface is presented. The methodology is illustrated with a case...

  13. A generalized logistic model of individual tree mortality for aspen, white spruce, and lodgepole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macdonald, Ellen

    A generalized logistic model of individual tree mortality for aspen, white spruce, and lodgepole: A generalized logistic model of individual tree mortality was developed for trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx), white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss), and lodgepole pine (Pinus

  14. From residue matching patterns to protein folding topographies: General model and bovine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    From residue matching patterns to protein folding topographies: General model and bovine pancreatic-grained model for protein-folding dynamics is introduced based on a discretized representation of torsional, pattern recognition, and general characteristics of protein folding kinetics. Topology here implies

  15. The Component Slope Linear Model for Calculating Intensive Partial Molar Properties: Application to Waste Glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynolds, Jacob G. [Washington River Protection Solutions, Richland, WA (United States)

    2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Partial molar properties are the changes occurring when the fraction of one component is varied while the fractions of all other component mole fractions change proportionally. They have many practical and theoretical applications in chemical thermodynamics. Partial molar properties of chemical mixtures are difficult to measure because the component mole fractions must sum to one, so a change in fraction of one component must be offset with a change in one or more other components. Given that more than one component fraction is changing at a time, it is difficult to assign a change in measured response to a change in a single component. In this study, the Component Slope Linear Model (CSLM), a model previously published in the statistics literature, is shown to have coefficients that correspond to the intensive partial molar properties. If a measured property is plotted against the mole fraction of a component while keeping the proportions of all other components constant, the slope at any given point on a graph of this curve is the partial molar property for that constituent. Actually plotting this graph has been used to determine partial molar properties for many years. The CSLM directly includes this slope in a model that predicts properties as a function of the component mole fractions. This model is demonstrated by applying it to the constant pressure heat capacity data from the NaOH-NaAl(OH{sub 4}H{sub 2}O system, a system that simplifies Hanford nuclear waste. The partial molar properties of H{sub 2}O, NaOH, and NaAl(OH){sub 4} are determined. The equivalence of the CSLM and the graphical method is verified by comparing results detennined by the two methods. The CSLM model has been previously used to predict the liquidus temperature of spinel crystals precipitated from Hanford waste glass. Those model coefficients are re-interpreted here as the partial molar spinel liquidus temperature of the glass components.

  16. STATISTICAL MODELS FOR MULTIPLE SEQUENCE ALIGNMENT: UNIFICATIONS AND GENERALIZATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jun

    , Stanford University; Charles E. Lawrence, NYS­DOH Jun S. Liu, Department of Statistics, Stanford University and our main point of interest. We believe that building explicit statistical model is an important

  17. General Equilibrium Modeling Package (GEMPACK) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown,Jump to: navigation, search Name:General

  18. Chemometric calibration of infrared spectrometers: selection and validation of variables by non-linear models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verleysen, Michel

    regression (PCR) and partial least squares regression (PLSR). Then, we will propose to incorporate non-linearChemometric calibration of infrared spectrometers: selection and validation of variables by non-linear (step by step) for the selection of spectral variables, using linear regression or neural networks

  19. How to calculate linear absorption spectra with lifetime broadening using fewest switches surface hopping trajectories: A simple generalization of ground-state Kubo theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petit, Andrew S.; Subotnik, Joseph E. [Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, 231 S. 34th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States)

    2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we develop a surface hopping approach for calculating linear absorption spectra using ensembles of classical trajectories propagated on both the ground and excited potential energy surfaces. We demonstrate that our method allows the dipole-dipole correlation function to be determined exactly for the model problem of two shifted, uncoupled harmonic potentials with the same harmonic frequency. For systems where nonadiabatic dynamics and electronic relaxation are present, preliminary results show that our method produces spectra in better agreement with the results of exact quantum dynamics calculations than spectra obtained using the standard ground-state Kubo formalism. As such, our proposed surface hopping approach should find immediate use for modeling condensed phase spectra, especially for expensive calculations using ab initio potential energy surfaces.

  20. N=(4,4) Gauged Linear Sigma Models for Defect Five-branes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimura, Tetsuji

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study two-dimensional ${\\cal N}=(4,4)$ gauged linear sigma model (GLSM). Its low energy effective theory is a nonlinear sigma model whose target space gives rise to a configuration of five-branes in string theory. In this article we focus on sigma models for NS5-branes, KK5-branes and an exotic $5^2_2$-brane. In particular, we carefully analyze the GLSM for an exotic $5^2_2$-brane whose background configuration is multi-valued. The exotic $5^2_2$-brane is a concrete example of nongeometric configuration in string theory. We find that the exotic feature originates from the string winding coordinate in a very clear way. In order to complete this analysis, we propose a duality transformation formula which converts an ${\\cal N}=(2,2)$ chiral superfield in F-term to a twisted chiral superfield coupled to an unconstrained complex superfield. This article is a short review based on arXiv:1304.4061 in collaboration with Shin Sasaki.

  1. Linear and Nonlinear Modeling of a Traveling-Wave Thermoacoustic Heat Engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scalo, Carlo; Hesselink, Lambertus

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have carried out three-dimensional Navier-Stokes simulations, from quiescent conditions to the limit cycle, of a traveling-wave thermoacoustic heat engine (TAE) composed of a long variable-area resonator shrouding a smaller annular tube, which encloses the hot (HHX) and ambient (AHX) heat-exchangers, and the regenerator (REG). Simulations are wall-resolved, with no-slip and adiabatic conditions enforced at all boundaries, while the heat transfer and drag due to the REG and HXs are modeled. HHX temperatures have been investigated in the range 440K - 500K with AHX temperature fixed at 300K. The initial exponential growth of acoustic energy is due to a network of traveling waves amplified by looping around the REG/HX unit in the direction of the imposed temperature gradient. A simple analytical model demonstrates that such thermoacoustic instability is a Lagrangian thermodynamic process resembling a Stirling cycle. A system-wide linear stability model based on Rott's theory is able to accurately predict the f...

  2. Baryonic torii: Toroidal baryons in a generalized Skyrme model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sven Bjarke Gudnason; Muneto Nitta

    2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a Skyrme-type model with a potential term motivated by Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs), which we call the BEC Skyrme model. We consider two flavors of the model, the first is the Skyrme model and the second has a sixth-order derivative term instead of the Skyrme term; both with the added BEC-motivated potential. The model contains toroidally shaped Skyrmions and they are characterized by two integers P and Q, representing the winding numbers of two complex scalar fields along the toroidal and poloidal cycles of the torus, respectively. The baryon number is B=PQ. We find stable Skyrmion solutions for P=1,2,3,4,5 with Q=1, while for P=6 and Q=1 it is only metastable. We further find that configurations with higher Q>1 are all unstable and split into Q configurations with Q=1. Finally we discover a phase transition, possibly of first order, in the mass parameter of the potential under study.

  3. QPOs: Einstein's gravity non-linear resonances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paola Rebusco; Marek A. Abramowicz

    2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    There is strong evidence that the observed kHz Quasi Periodic Oscillations (QPOs) in the X-ray flux of neutron star and black hole sources in LMXRBs are linked to Einstein's General Relativity. Abramowicz&Klu\\'zniak (2001) suggested a non-linear resonance model to explain the QPOs origin: here we summarize their idea and the development of a mathematical toy-model which begins to throw light on the nature of Einstein's gravity non-linear oscillations.

  4. Generalized Ginzburg-Landau models for non-conventional superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Esposito; G. Salesi

    2009-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We review some recent extensions of the Ginzburg-Landau model able to describe several properties of non-conventional superconductors. In the first extension, s-wave superconductors endowed with two different critical temperatures are considered, their main thermodynamical and magnetic properties being calculated and discussed. Instead in the second extension we describe spin-triplet superconductivity (with a single critical temperature), studying in detail the main predicted physical properties. A thorough discussion of the peculiar predictions of our models and their physical consequences is as well performed.

  5. On generalized probabilities: correlation polytopes for automaton logic and generalized urn models, extensions of quantum mechanics and parameter cheats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl Svozil

    2001-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Three extensions and reinterpretations of nonclassical probabilities are reviewed. (i) We propose to generalize the probability axiom of quantum mechanics to self-adjoint positive operators of trace one. Furthermore, we discuss the Cartesian and polar decomposition of arbitrary normal operators and the possibility to operationalize the corresponding observables. Thereby we review and emphasize the use of observables which maximally represent the context. (ii) In the second part, we discuss Pitowsky polytopes for automaton logic as well as for generalized urn models and evaluate methods to find the resulting Boole-Bell type (in)equalities. (iii) Finally, so-called ``parameter cheats'' are introduced, whereby parameters are transformed bijectively and nonlinearly in such a way that classical systems mimic quantum correlations and vice versa. It is even possible to introduce parameter cheats which violate the Boole-Bell type inequalities stronger than quantum ones, thereby trespassing the Tsirelson limit. The price to be paid is nonuniformity.

  6. Modeling the Non-linear Viscoelastic Response of High Temperature Polyimides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karra, Satish

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A constitutive model is developed to predict the viscoelastic response of polyimide resins that are used in high temperature applications. This model is based on a thermodynamic framework that uses the notion that the `natural configuration' of a body evolves as the body undergoes a process and the evolution is determined by maximizing the rate of entropy production in general and the rate of dissipation within purely mechanical considerations. We constitutively prescribe forms for the specific Helmholtz potential and the rate of dissipation (which is the product of density, temperature and the rate of entropy production), and the model is derived by maximizing the rate of dissipation with the constraint of incompressibility, and the reduced energy dissipation equation is also regarded as a constraint in that it is required to be met in every process that the body undergoes. The efficacy of the model is ascertained by comparing the predictions of the model with the experimental data for PMR-15 and HFPE-II-52 ...

  7. Modeling the Non-linear Viscoelastic Response of High Temperature Polyimides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satish Karra; K. R. Rajagopal

    2010-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A constitutive model is developed to predict the viscoelastic response of polyimide resins that are used in high temperature applications. This model is based on a thermodynamic framework that uses the notion that the `natural configuration' of a body evolves as the body undergoes a process and the evolution is determined by maximizing the rate of entropy production in general and the rate of dissipation within purely mechanical considerations. We constitutively prescribe forms for the specific Helmholtz potential and the rate of dissipation (which is the product of density, temperature and the rate of entropy production), and the model is derived by maximizing the rate of dissipation with the constraint of incompressibility, and the reduced energy dissipation equation is also regarded as a constraint in that it is required to be met in every process that the body undergoes. The efficacy of the model is ascertained by comparing the predictions of the model with the experimental data for PMR-15 and HFPE-II-52 polyimide resins.

  8. Bulk viscosity and the phase transition of the linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonio Dobado; Juan M. Torres-Rincon

    2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we deal with the critical behavior of the bulk viscosity in the linear sigma model (LSM) as an example of a system which can be treated by using different techniques. Starting from the Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck equation we compute the bulk viscosity over entropy density of the LSM in the large-N limit. We search for a possible maximum of the bulk viscosity over entropy density at the critical temperature of the chiral phase transition. The information about this critical temperature, as well as the effective masses, is obtained from the effective potential. We find that the expected maximum (as a measure of the conformality loss) is absent in the large N in agreement with other models in the same limit. However, this maximum appears when, instead of the large-N limit, the Hartree approximation within the Cornwall-Jackiw-Tomboulis (CJT) formalism is used. Nevertheless, this last approach to the LSM does not give rise to the Goldstone theorem and also predicts a first order phase transition instead of the expected second order one. Therefore both, the large-N limit and the CJT-Hartree approximations, should be considered as complementary for the study of the critical behavior of the bulk viscosity in the LSM.

  9. System Advisor Model, SAM 2014.1.14: General Description

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blair, N.; Dobos, A. P.; Freeman, J.; Neises, T.; Wagner, M.; Ferguson, T.; Gilman, P.; Janzou, S.

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the capabilities of the U.S. Department of Energy and National Renewable Energy Laboratory's System Advisor Model (SAM), Version 2013.9.20, released on September 9, 2013. SAM is a computer model that calculates performance and financial metrics of renewable energy systems. Project developers, policy makers, equipment manufacturers, and researchers use graphs and tables of SAM results in the process of evaluating financial, technology, and incentive options for renewable energy projects. SAM simulates the performance of photovoltaic, concentrating solar power, solar water heating, wind, geothermal, biomass, and conventional power systems. The financial model can represent financial structures for projects that either buy and sell electricity at retail rates (residential and commercial) or sell electricity at a price determined in a power purchase agreement (utility). SAM's advanced simulation options facilitate parametric and sensitivity analyses, and statistical analysis capabilities are available for Monte Carlo simulation and weather variability (P50/P90) studies. SAM can also read input variables from Microsoft Excel worksheets. For software developers, the SAM software development kit (SDK) makes it possible to use SAM simulation modules in their applications written in C/C++, C#, Java, Python, and MATLAB. NREL provides both SAM and the SDK as free downloads at http://sam.nrel.gov. Technical support and more information about the software are available on the website.

  10. System Advisor Model, SAM 2011.12.2: General Description

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilman, P.; Dobos, A.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the capabilities of the U.S. Department of Energy and National Renewable Energy Laboratory's System Advisor Model (SAM), Version 2011.12.2, released on December 2, 2011. SAM is software that models the cost and performance of renewable energy systems. Project developers, policy makers, equipment manufacturers, and researchers use graphs and tables of SAM results in the process of evaluating financial, technology, and incentive options for renewable energy projects. SAM simulates the performance of solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, and conventional power systems. The financial model can represent financing structures for projects that either buy and sell electricity at retail rates (residential and commercial) or sell electricity at a price determined in a power purchase agreement (utility). Advanced analysis options facilitate parametric, sensitivity, and statistical analyses, and allow for interfacing SAM with Microsoft Excel or with other computer programs. SAM is available as a free download at http://sam.nrel.gov. Technical support and more information about the software are available on the website.

  11. The two-phase issue in the O(n) non-linear $?$-model: A Monte Carlo study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Alles; A. Buonanno; G. Cella

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have performed a high statistics Monte Carlo simulation to investigate whether the two-dimensional O(n) non-linear sigma models are asymptotically free or they show a Kosterlitz- Thouless-like phase transition. We have calculated the mass gap and the magnetic susceptibility in the O(8) model with standard action and the O(3) model with Symanzik action. Our results for O(8) support the asymptotic freedom scenario.

  12. Gamma-ray Burst Models: General Requirements and Predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Meszaros

    1995-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Whatever the ultimate energy source of gamma-ray bursts turns out to be, the resulting sequence of physical events is likely to lead to a fairly generic, almost unavoidable scenario: a relativistic fireball that dissipates its energy after it has become optically thin. This is expected both for cosmological and halo distances. Here we explore the observational motivation of this scenario, and the consequences of the resulting models for the photon production in different wavebands, the energetics and the time structure of classical gamma-ray bursters.

  13. Novel Geometrical Models of Relativistic Stars. I. The General Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. P. Fiziev

    2004-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In a series of articles we describe a novel class of geometrical models of relativistic stars. Our approach to the static spherically symmetric solutions of Einstein equations is based on a careful physical analysis of radial gauge conditions. It brings us to a two parameter family of relativistic stars without stiff functional dependence between the stelar radius and stelar mass. It turns out that within this family there do exist relativistic stars with arbitrary large mass, which are to have arbitrary small radius and arbitrary small luminosity. In addition, point particle idealization, as a limiting case of bodies with finite dimension, becomes possible in GR, much like in Newton gravity.

  14. Environmental Impact and Sustainability Applied General Equilibrium Model

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest,EnergySerranopolisEnviroMission Ltd JumpFund Place:

  15. Generalized models as a universal approach to the analysis of nonlinear dynamical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thilo Gross; Ulrike Feudel

    2006-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a universal approach to the investigation of the dynamics in generalized models. In these models the processes that are taken into account are not restricted to specific functional forms. Therefore a single generalized models can describe a class of systems which share a similar structure. Despite this generality, the proposed approach allows us to study the dynamical properties of generalized models efficiently in the framework of local bifurcation theory. The approach is based on a normalization procedure that is used to identify natural parameters of the system. The Jacobian in a steady state is then derived as a function of these parameters. The analytical computation of local bifurcations using computer algebra reveals conditions for the local asymptotic stability of steady states and provides certain insights on the global dynamics of the system. The proposed approach yields a close connection between modelling and nonlinear dynamics. We illustrate the investigation of generalized models by considering examples from three different disciplines of science: a socio-economic model of dynastic cycles in china, a model for a coupled laser system and a general ecological food web.

  16. Efficient modelling of particle collisions using a non-linear viscoelastic contact force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shouryya Ray; Tobias Kempe; Jochen Fröhlich

    2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper the normal collision of spherical particles is investigated. The particle interaction is modelled in a macroscopic way using the Hertzian contact force with additional linear damping. The goal of the work is to develop an efficient approximate solution of sufficient accuracy for this problem which can be used in soft-sphere collision models for Discrete Element Methods and for particle transport in viscous fluids. First, by the choice of appropriate units, the number of governing parameters of the collision process is reduced to one, thus providing a dimensionless parameter that characterizes all such collisions up to dynamic similitude. It is a simple combination of known material parameters as well as initial conditions. A rigorous calculation of the collision time and restitution coefficient from the governing equations, in the form of a series expansion in this parameter is provided. Such a first principles calculation is particularly interesting from a theoretical perspective. Since the governing equations present some technical difficulties, the methods employed are also of interest from the point of view of the analytical technique. Using further approximations, compact expressions for the restitution coefficient and the collision time are then provided. These are used to implement an approximate algebraic rule for computing the desired stiffness and damping in the framework of the adaptive collision model (Kempe & Fr\\"ohlich, J. Fluid Mech., 709: 445-489, 2012). Numerical tests with binary as well as multiple particle collisions are included that illustrate the accuracy of the proposed method and its superiority in terms of numerical efficiency.

  17. Option Pricing for GARCH-type Models with Generalized Hyperbolic Innovations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Option Pricing for GARCH-type Models with Generalized Hyperbolic Innovations Christophe Chorro on equity option books. Given the historical measure, the dynamics of assets are modeled by Garch, Incomplete markets, CAC 40, SP 500, GARCH-type models. JEL classification: G13, C22. The authors

  18. 3-D Model of Broadband Emission from Supernova Remnants Undergoing Non-linear Diffusive Shock Acceleration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Shiu-Hang; Kamae, Tuneyoshi; Ellison, Donald C.

    2008-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a 3-dimensional model of supernova remnants (SNRs) where the hydrodynamical evolution of the remnant is modeled consistently with nonlinear diffusive shock acceleration occurring at the outer blast wave. The model includes particle escape and diffusion outside of the forward shock, and particle interactions with arbitrary distributions of external ambient material, such as molecular clouds. We include synchrotron emission and cooling, bremsstrahlung radiation, neutral pion production, inverse-Compton (IC), and Coulomb energy-loss. Boardband spectra have been calculated for typical parameters including dense regions of gas external to a 1000 year old SNR. In this paper, we describe the details of our model but do not attempt a detailed fit to any specific remnant. We also do not include magnetic field amplification (MFA), even though this effect may be important in some young remnants. In this first presentation of the model we don't attempt a detailed fit to any specific remnant. Our aim is to develop a flexible platform, which can be generalized to include effects such as MFA, and which can be easily adapted to various SNR environments, including Type Ia SNRs, which explode in a constant density medium, and Type II SNRs, which explode in a pre-supernova wind. When applied to a specific SNR, our model will predict cosmic-ray spectra and multi-wavelength morphology in projected images for instruments with varying spatial and spectral resolutions. We show examples of these spectra and images and emphasize the importance of measurements in the hard X-ray, GeV, and TeV gamma-ray bands for investigating key ingredients in the acceleration mechanism, and for deducing whether or not TeV emission is produced by IC from electrons or pion-decay from protons.

  19. IWWWFB, Plitvice, Croatia 2007 Some aspects of a generalized Wagner model.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    22nd IWWWFB, Plitvice, Croatia 2007 Some aspects of a generalized Wagner model. Malleron N and Floating Bodies, Plitvice : Croatia (2007)" #12; 22nd IWWWFB, Plitvice, Croatia 2007 The last condition

  20. Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle Transport in a Computable General Equilibrium Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karplus, V.J.

    A well-known challenge in computable general equilibrium (CGE) models is to maintain correspondence between the forecasted economic and physical quantities over time. Maintaining such a correspondence is necessary to ...

  1. Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory general circulation model investigation of the indirect radiative effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory general circulation model investigation of the indirect Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey, USA V. Ramaswamy, Paul A. Ginoux, and Larry W. Horowitz Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, New

  2. Parallel Simulation for a Fish Schooling Model on a General-Purpose Graphics Processing Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Hong; Kolpas, Allison; Petzold, Linda; Moehlis, J

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model on a General-Purpose Graphics Processing Unit Hong LiThe current generation of graphics processing units is well-we will describe how a Graphics Pro- cessor Unit (GPU) can

  3. Estimation of OTEC Global Resources with an Ocean General Circulation Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Jannette B.

    Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) relies on the availability of temperature differencesEstimation of OTEC Global Resources with an Ocean General Circulation Model Krishnakumar Rajagopalan Postdoctoral Fellow Department of Ocean and Resources Engineering University of Hawai'i Abstract

  4. Gauged Linear Sigma Model with F-term for A-type ALE Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tetsuji Kimura; Masaya Yata

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct yet another ${\\mathcal N}=(4,4)$ gauged linear sigma model for the $A_N$-type ALE space. In our construction the toric data of the ALE space are manifest. Due to the $SU(2)_R$ symmetry, the F-term is automatically determined. The toric data, which govern the K\\"{a}hler structures of the ALE space, are embedded into $U(1)$ charges of charged hypermultiplets. The F-term is also inevitable to determine the complex structures of the ALE space. In the IR limit, we obtain the K\\"{a}hler potential of the $A_N$-type ALE space. We also find the origin of the ${\\mathbb Z}_{N+1}$ orbifold symmetry in the singular limit of the $A_N$-type ALE space. In a special case, we reproduce an explicit form of the K\\"{a}hler potential of the $A_1$-type ALE space, i.e., the Eguchi-Hanson space.

  5. A O(n^8) X O(n^7) Linear Programming Model of the Quadratic Assignment Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaby, Moustapha

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we propose a linear programming (LP) formulation of the Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP) with O(n^8) variables and O(n^7) constraints, where n is the number of assignments. A small experimentation that was undertaken in order to gain some rough indications about the computational performance of the model is discussed.

  6. Stochastic bridges of linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yongxin Chen; Tryphon Georgiou

    2014-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a generalization of the Brownian bridge as a stochastic process that models the position and velocity of inertial particles between the two end-points of a time interval. The particles experience random acceleration and are assumed to have known states at the boundary. Thus, the movement of the particles can be modeled as an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process conditioned on position and velocity measurements at the two end-points. It is shown that optimal stochastic control provides a stochastic differential equation (SDE) that generates such a bridge as a degenerate diffusion process. Generalizations to higher order linear diffusions are considered.

  7. Lagrangian theory of gravitational instability of Friedman-Lemaitre cosmologies - generic third-order model for non-linear clustering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Buchert

    1993-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lagrangian perturbation theory on Friedman-Lemaitre cosmologies investigated and solved up to the second order in earlier papers (Buchert 1992, Buchert \\& Ehlers 1993) is evaluated up to the third order. On its basis a model for non-linear clustering applicable to the modeling of large-scale structure in the Universe for generic initial conditions is formulated. A truncated model is proposed which represents the ``main body'' of the perturbation sequence in the early non-linear regime by neglecting all gravitational sources which describe interaction of the perturbations. However, I also give the irrotational solutions generated by the interaction terms to the third order, which induce vorticity in Lagrangian space. The consequences and applicability of the solutions are put into perspective. In particular, the model presented enables the study of previrialization effects in gravitational clustering and the onset of non-dissipative gravitational turbulence within the cluster environment.

  8. On a three-layer Hele-Shaw model of enhanced oil recovery with a linear viscous profile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daripa, Prabir; Meneses, Rodrigo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a non-standard eigenvalue problem that arises in the linear stability of a three-layer Hele-Shaw model of enhanced oil recovery. A nonlinear transformation is introduced which allows reformulation of the non-standard eigenvalue problem as a boundary value problem for Kummer's equation when the viscous profile of the middle layer is linear. Using the existing body of works on Kummer's equation, we construct an exact solution of the eigenvalue problem and provide the dispersion relation implicitly through the existence criterion for the non-trivial solution. We also discuss the convergence of the series solution. It is shown that this solution reduces to the physically relevant solutions in two asymptotic limits: (i) when the linear viscous profile approaches a constant viscous profile; or (ii) when the length of the middle layer approaches zero.

  9. Kinetic Modeling Of Solid-Gas Reactions At Reactor Scale: A General Approach Loc Favergeon1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the knowledge of the kinetic model for the calculation of the speed of reaction in one part of the reactorKinetic Modeling Of Solid-Gas Reactions At Reactor Scale: A General Approach Loïc Favergeon1 favergeon@emse.fr ABSTRACT A rigorous simulation of industrial reactors in the case of solid-gas reacting

  10. General Behavioral Thermal Modeling and Characterization for Multi-core Microprocessor Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Sheldon X.-D.

    General Behavioral Thermal Modeling and Characterization for Multi-core Microprocessor Design Thom-performance multi-core microprocessor design. The new approach builds the thermal behavioral models from ability. Experimental results on a real quad-core microprocessor show that ThermSID is more accurate than

  11. Modeling benzene plume elongation mechanisms exerted by ethanol using RT3D with a general

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    Modeling benzene plume elongation mechanisms exerted by ethanol using RT3D with a general substrate ethanol on benzene fate and transport in fuel-contaminated groundwater and to discern the most influential benzene plume elongation mechanisms. The model, developed as a module for the Reactive Transport in 3

  12. 3.12 Competition models, Mutualism or Symbiosis The general n -species competition model is decribed by the following systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Sze-Bi

    : 122 )1( 2 2 xK x =0 (i) Extinction case: species y wins Figure 12.1 In this case ),0( 22 KE())(),((lim 221 Ktxtx t . #12;(ii) Extinction case: species 1x win, Figure 12.2 In this case )0,( 11 KE§3.12 Competition models, Mutualism or Symbiosis The general n -species competition model

  13. 5-loop Konishi from linearized TBA and the XXX magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janos Balog; Arpad Hegedus

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the linearized TBA equations recently obtained in [arXiv:1002.1711] we show analytically that the 5-loop anomalous dimension of the Konishi operator agrees with the result obtained previously from the generalized Luscher formulae. The proof is based on the relation between this linear system and the XXX model TBA equations.

  14. Kalman filtering and smoothing for linear wave equations with model error This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Andrew

    Kalman filtering and smoothing for linear wave equations with model error This article has been:10.1088/0266-5611/27/9/095008 Kalman filtering and smoothing for linear wave equations with model an online approach to state estimation inverse problems when data are acquired sequentially. The Kalman

  15. b quark Electric Dipole moment in the general two Higgs Doublet and three Higgs Doublet models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. O. Iltan

    2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the Electric Dipole moment of b quark in the general two Higgs Doublet model (model III) and three Higgs Doublet model with O(2) symmetry in the Higgs sector. We analyse the dependency of this quantity to the new phase coming from the complex Yukawa couplings and masses of charged and neutral Higgs bosons. We see that the Electric Dipole moment of b quark is at the order of 10^{-20} e cm, which is an extremely large value compared to one calculated in the SM and also two Higgs Doublet model (model II) with real Yukawa couplings.

  16. Vacuum models with a linear and a quadratic term in H: structure formation and number counts analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adria Gomez-Valent; Joan Sola

    2015-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We focus on the class of cosmological models with a time-evolving vacuum energy density of the form $\\rho_\\Lambda=C_0+C_1 H+C_2 H^2$, where $H$ is the Hubble rate. Higher powers of $H$ could be important for the early inflationary epoch, but are irrelevant afterwards. We study these models at the background level and at the perturbations level, both at the linear and at the nonlinear regime. We find that those with $C_0=0$ are seriously hampered, as they are unable to fit simultaneously the current observational data on Hubble expansion and the linear growth rate of clustering. This is in contrast to the $C_0\

  17. Exclusive $B \\to PV $ Decays and CP Violation in the General two-Higgs-doublet Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. L. Wu; C. Zhuang

    2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate all the branching ratios and direct CP violations of $B \\to PV$ decays in a most general two-Higgs-doublet model with spontaneous CP violation. As the model has rich CP-violating sources, it is shown that the new physics effects to direct CP violations and branching ratios in some channels can be significant when adopting the generalized factorization approach to evaluate the hadronic matrix elements, which provides good signals for probing new physics beyond the SM in the future B experiments.

  18. A General Nonlinear Fluid Model for Reacting Plasma-Neutral Mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, E T; Shumlak, U

    2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A generalized, computationally tractable fluid model for capturing the effects of neutral particles in plasmas is derived. The model derivation begins with Boltzmann equations for singly charged ions, electrons, and a single neutral species. Electron-impact ionization, radiative recombination, and resonant charge exchange reactions are included. Moments of the reaction collision terms are detailed. Moments of the Boltzmann equations for electron, ion, and neutral species are combined to yield a two-component plasma-neutral fluid model. Separate density, momentum, and energy equations, each including reaction transfer terms, are produced for the plasma and neutral equations. The required closures for the plasma-neutral model are discussed.

  19. Inclusion of Building Envelope Thermal Lag Effects in Linear Regression Models of Daily Basis Building Energy Use Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Claridge, D. E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inclusion?of?Building?Envelope?Thermal?Lag? Effects?in?Linear?Regression?Models?of?Daily? Basis?Building?Energy?Use?Data The?12th International?Conference?for?Enhanced?Building?Operations October?22nd?26th,?2012 Manchester,?UK Hiroko...?enhanced?building?operations. October?18?20,?2011,? Brooklyn,?NY. Rabl,?A.?and?Rialhe,?A.?(1992).?Energy?Signature?Models?for?Commercial?Buildings:?Test?with?Measured?Data?and?Interpretation. Energy?and?Buildings,?19,?143?154. Shao,?X.?and?Claridge,?D.E.?(2006).?Use?of?first?law...

  20. Inclusion of Building Envelope Thermal Lag Effects in Linear Regression Models of Daily Basis Building Energy Use Data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Claridge, D. E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inclusion?of?Building?Envelope?Thermal?Lag? Effects?in?Linear?Regression?Models?of?Daily? Basis?Building?Energy?Use?Data The?12th International?Conference?for?Enhanced?Building?Operations October?22nd?26th,?2012 Manchester,?UK Hiroko...?enhanced?building?operations. October?18?20,?2011,? Brooklyn,?NY. Rabl,?A.?and?Rialhe,?A.?(1992).?Energy?Signature?Models?for?Commercial?Buildings:?Test?with?Measured?Data?and?Interpretation. Energy?and?Buildings,?19,?143?154. Shao,?X.?and?Claridge,?D.E.?(2006).?Use?of?first?law?energy?balance?as?a?screening?tool?for?building?energy...

  1. Dilaton-scalar models in context of generalized affine gravity theories: their properties and integrability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davydov, E A

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nowadays it is widely accepted that the evolution of the universe was driven by some scalar degrees of freedom both on its early stage and at present. The corresponding cosmological models often involve some scalar fields introduced ad hoc. In this paper we cultivate a different approach, which is based on a derivation of new scalar degrees of freedom from fundamental modifications of Einstein's gravity. In elaboration of our previous work, we here investigate properties of the dilaton-scalar gravity obtained by dimensional reductions of a recently proposed affine generalized gravity theory. We show that these models possess the same symmetries as related models of GR with ordinary scalar fields. As a result, for a rather general class of dilaton-scalar gravity models we construct additional first integrals and formulate an integral equation well suited for solving by iterations.

  2. Phase synchronization of coupled bursting neurons and the generalized Kuramoto model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabiano A. S. Ferrari; Ricardo L. Viana; Sérgio R. Lopes; Ruedi Stoop

    2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Bursting neurons fire rapid sequences of action potential spikes followed by a quiescent period. The basic dynamical mechanism of bursting is the slow currents that modulate a fast spiking activity caused by rapid ionic currents. Minimal models of bursting neurons must include both effects. We considered one of these models and its relation with a generalized Kuramoto model, thanks to the definition of a geometrical phase for bursting and a corresponding frequency. We considered neuronal networks with different connection topologies and investigated the transition from a non-synchronized to a partially phase-synchronized state as the coupling strength is varied. The numerically determined critical coupling strength value for this transition to occur is compared with theoretical results valid for the generalized Kuramoto model.

  3. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS, VOL. 26, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2010 837 Modeling Deformations of General Parametric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Yan-Bin

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS, VOL. 26, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2010 837 Modeling Deformations of General Parametric Shells Grasped by a Robot Hand Jiang Tian and Yan-Bin Jia, Member, IEEE Abstract--The robot hand and normal of the contact area. Design and analysis of a manipulation strategy thus depend on reliable

  4. Generalized Disjunctive Programming as a Systematic Modeling Framework to Derive Scheduling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    variables and constraints, but it may compromise computational performance. On the other hand, the convex hull reformulation is tighter, which generally helps to speed up the search procedure. GDP formulations. The best performer is, however, a multiple time grid model which can be derived from the convex hull

  5. Idealized test cases for the dynamical cores of Atmospheric General Circulation Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jablonowski, Christiane

    Idealized test cases for the dynamical cores of Atmospheric General Circulation Models: A proposal) Ram Nair (NCAR) Mark Taylor (Sandia National Laboratory) May/29/2008 1 Idealized test cases for 3D dynamical cores This document describes the idealized dynamical core test cases that are proposed

  6. Towards a Generalized Regression Model for On-body Energy Prediction from Treadmill Walking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukhatme, Gaurav S.

    Towards a Generalized Regression Model for On-body Energy Prediction from Treadmill Walking sensor data to energy expenditure is the ques- tion of normalizating across physiological parameters. Common approaches such as weight scaling require validation for each new population. An alternative

  7. Calibration of CDO Tranches with the Dynamical Generalized-Poisson Loss Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brigo, Damiano

    Calibration of CDO Tranches with the Dynamical Generalized-Poisson Loss Model (updated shortened, and consistent calibration to quoted index CDO tranches and tranchelets for several maturities is feasible, as we dynamics, investigating calibration improve- ments and stability. JEL classification code: G13. AMS

  8. Impact Assessment of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index Datasets Using a General Circulation Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Yongkang

    source (i.e., Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer measurements) on a general circulation model: 10.1175/JCLI4054.1 © 2007 American Meteorological Society #12;Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR radiative energy into latent and sensible heat fluxes, which results in discernable warming and decrease

  9. Tree-level unitarity constraints in the most general two Higgs doublet model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ginzburg, I.F. [Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, acad. Koptyug avenue 4, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Ivanov, I.P. [Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, acad. Koptyug avenue 4, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); INFN, Gruppo Collegato di Cosenza, Ponte Bucci, 31C, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita della Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende (Serbia and Montenegro), 87036 (Italy)

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain tree-level unitarity constraints for the most general Two-Higgs-Doublet Model (2HDM) with explicit CP-violation. We briefly discuss correspondence between possible violation of tree-level unitarity limitation and physical content of the theory.

  10. Erratum to "Nonlinear Unmixing of Hyperspectral Images Using a Generalized Bilinear Model"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobigeon, Nicolas

    1 Erratum to "Nonlinear Unmixing of Hyperspectral Images Using a Generalized Bilinear Model for the four images. TABLE I UNMIXING ALGORITHM PERFORMANCES WITH ACTUAL AND ESTIMATED ENDMEMBERS (1ST AND 2ND SCENARIOS): RE AND SAM. 1st scenario 2nd scenario RE (×10-2 ) SAM (×10-2 ) RE (×10-2 ) SAM (×10-2 ) LMM FM

  11. Proton radioactivity within a generalized liquid drop model J. M. Dong,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Proton radioactivity within a generalized liquid drop model J. M. Dong,1 H. F. Zhang,1 and G. Royer) The proton radioactivity half-lives of spherical proton emitters are investigated theoretically. The potential barriers preventing the emission of proton are determined in the quasimolecular shape path within

  12. Tighter Relaxations for Higher-Order Models based on Generalized Roof Duality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunds Universitet

    Tighter Relaxations for Higher-Order Models based on Generalized Roof Duality Johan Fredriksson one of the most successful approaches, namely roof duality, for approximately solving such problems cone. In the sec- ond method, it is shown that the roof dual bound can be applied in an iterated way

  13. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications. 4: General circulation models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Razuvaev, V.N.; Sivachok, S.G. [All-Russian Research Inst. of Hydrometeorological Information--World Data Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents English-translated abstracts of important Russian-language literature concerning general circulation models as they relate to climate change. Into addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  14. Computable General Equilibrium Models for the Analysis of Energy and Climate Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wing, Ian Sue

    Computable General Equilibrium Models for the Analysis of Energy and Climate Policies Ian Sue Wing of energy and environmental policies. Perhaps the most important of these applications is the analysis Change, MIT Prepared for the International Handbook of Energy Economics Abstract This chapter is a simple

  15. Towards Analytic Solutions of Step-Wise Safe Switching for Known Affine-Linear Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koumboulis, Fotis N.; Tzamtzi, Maria P. [Department of Automation, Halkis Institute of Technology, 34400 Psahna, Evia (Greece)

    2008-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present work we establish conditions which guarantee safe transitions for the closed-loop system produced by the application of the Step-Wise Safe Switching control approach to an affine linear system when the nonlinear description of the plant is known. These conditions are based on the local Input to State Stability (ISS) properties of the nonlinear system around the plant's nominal operating points.

  16. A Modeling and Filtering Framework for Linear Differential-Algebraic Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schön, Thomas

    , Dymola, the SimMechanics toolbox for MATLAB, and Modelica [14], [20]. Such modeling software makes

  17. Generalized Jackiw-Rebbi Model and Topological Classification of Free Fermion Insulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Nganba Meetei; Archana Anandakrishnan

    2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new perspective to the classification of topological phases in free fermion insulators by generalizing the Jackiw-Rebbi model to arbitrary dimensions. We show that a generalized Jackiw-Rebbi model where the Dirac mass ($m$) satisfies $m(x)=-m(-x)$ is invariant under a parity transformation ($P$) that relates the $x>0$ half to the $xtopological classification of free fermion insulators. Gapless edge states are a natural consequence of our construction and their topological nature can be understood from the fact that all gapless edge states at a given interface transform similarly under $P$ (all odd or all even). A naive non-topological model for states confined to the interface will allow both even and odd states.

  18. Examining the Generalized Waring Model for the Analysis of Traffic Crashes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Yichuan

    2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    characterized by heavy long tail (Guo and Trivedi, 2002). Third, many empirical crash data exhibit more zero observations than would be allowed by a NB regression model, which causes the low mean issue of traffic crash datasets. It is often difficult.... This kind of model has been extensively used in many areas (e.g. Ramaswamy et al., 1994; Wang et al., 1998; Guo & Trivedi, 2002)and has been proposed and applied in the traffic safety context recently (Park & Lord, 2010). The general model structure of a...

  19. Top quark electric and chromo electric dipole moments in the general two Higgs Doublet model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. O. Iltan

    2002-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the electric and chromo electric dipole moment of top quark in the general two Higgs Doublet model (model III). We analyse the dependency of this quantity to the new phases coming from the complex Yukawa couplings and masses of charged and neutral Higgs bosons. We observe that the electric and chromo elecric dipole moments of top quark are at the order of 10^{-21} e cm and 10^{-20} g_s cm, which are extremely large values compared to ones calculated in the SM and also two Higgs Doublet model with real Yukawa couplings.

  20. Longitudinal Control Of A Platoon Of Vehicles. I, Linear Model (ucb/erl M89/106)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheikholeslam, Shahab; Desoer, Charles A.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose the following linear control law for longitudinalgoing to use the proposed linear control law for the firstgoing to use the proposed linear control law for the second

  1. Theoretical and practical aspects of linear and nonlinear model order reduction techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasilyev, Dmitry Missiuro

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model order reduction methods have proved to be an important technique for accelerating time-domain simulation in a variety of computer-aided design tools. In this study we present several new techniques for model reduction ...

  2. A trajectory piecewise-linear approach to model order reduction of nonlinear dynamical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rewień ski, Michał Jerzy, 1975-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (cont.) Finally, we present projection schemes which result in improved accuracy of the reduced order TPWL models, as well as discuss approaches leading to guaranteed stable and passive TPWL reduced-order models.

  3. In-situ prediction on sensor networks using distributed multiple linear regression models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basha, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Ann)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within sensor networks for environmental monitoring, a class of problems exists that requires in-situ control and modeling. In this thesis, we provide a solution to these problems, enabling model-driven computation where ...

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLE A Constitutive Model For the Warp-Weft Coupled Non-linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Batmanathan Dayanand "Daya"

    ) on the development of airship fabrics. However, the first real model for fabric forces was presented by Peirce (1937

  5. Nonparametric Identification of Linearizations and Uncertainty using Gaussian Process Models Application to Robust Wheel Slip Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, John

    models, taking into account their uncertainty. The approach is applied to a simulated wheel slip control task illustrating controller development based on a nonparametric model of the unknown friction of the nonlinear models' derivatives. I. INTRODUCTION Robust control is a fairly mature field, in particular

  6. Transformer procurement and relocation at a large electric utility: A mixed 0-1 linear programming model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leung, L.C. [Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin (Hong Kong). Decision Science and Managerial Economics] [Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin (Hong Kong). Decision Science and Managerial Economics; Khator, S.K. [Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States). Industrial and Management Systems Engineering] [Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States). Industrial and Management Systems Engineering

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Power Delivery Substation Division at Florida Power and Light (FPL) must plan and provide logistical support for about 2,000 transformers located at roughly 400 substations. Each year, to meet new transformer requirements, the Division must make the decision of procuring and/or relocating transformers. Due to the large number of transformers and substations involved, there is a strong need for a systematic approach to determine optimally the decisions for transformer procurement and relocation, as well as their schedules. In this paper, a mixed 0-1 linear programming model is developed for that purpose.

  7. A grid of MARCS model atmospheres for late-type stars I. Methods and general properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bengt Gustafsson; Bengt Edvardsson; Kjell Eriksson; Uffe Graae Jorgensen; Aake Nordlund; Bertrand Plez

    2008-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We have constructed a grid of about 10,000 spherically symmetric and plane-parallel models with the MARCS program, and make it available for public use. Parameter ranges are: Teff=2500 to 8000 K, log g =log(GM/R2)= -1 to 5 (cgs) with various masses and radii, [Me/H]=-5 to +1, with [Alpha/Fe] = 0.0 and 0.4 and different choices of C and N abundances to also represent stars of types R, S and N, and with microturbulence parameters from 1 to 5 km/s. We also list fluxes in approximately 108,000 wavelength points. Underlying assumptions in addition to 1D stratification include hydrostatic equilibrium, MLT convection and LTE. A number of general properties of the models are discussed, in relation to the effects of changing blanketing and sphericity. Models are compared with other available grids and excellent agreement is found with plane-parallel models of Castelli and Kurucz within the overlapping parameter range. Although there are departures from the spherically symmetric NextGen models, the agreement with more recent PHOENIX models is gratifying. The models of the grid show regularities, but some interesting departures from general patterns occur for the coolest models due to the molecular opacities. We have tested rules of thumb concerning effects of blanketing and sphericity and found them to often be astonishingly accurate. Some interesting new phenomena have been discovered, such as the intricate coupling between blanketing and sphericity, and the strong effects of carbon enhancement on metal-poor models. We give further details of models and comparisons with observations in subsequent papers.

  8. Computers and Chemical Engineering 30 (2005) 147157 Development and application of linear process model in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Arfaj, Muhammad A.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to measure the concentration in a reactive distillation column is unsatisfactory because of its economic of internal composition profiles in order to design an effective control for reactive distillation (Al balance the reaction stoichiometry (Al-Arfaj & Luyben, 2000). Reactive distillation columns are generally

  9. Local rules for protein folding on a triangular lattice and generalized hydrophobicity in the HP model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwala, R. [National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States); Batzoglou, S. [MIT, Cambridge, MA (United States); Dancik, V. [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)] [and others

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the problem of determining the three-dimensional folding of a protein given its one-dimensional amino acid sequence. We use the HP model for protein folding proposed by Dill, which models protein as a chain of amino acid residues that are either hydrophobic or polar, and hydrophobic interactions are the dominant initial driving force for the protein folding. Hart and Istrail gave approximation algorithms for folding proteins on the cubic lattice under HP model. In this paper, we examine the choice of a lattice by considering its algorithmic and geometric implications and argue that triangular lattice is a more reasonable choice. We present a set of folding rules for a triangular lattice and analyze the approximation ratio which they achieve. In addition, we introduce a generalization of the HP model to account for residues having different levels of hydrophobicity. After describing the biological foundation for this generalization, we show that in the new model we are able to achieve similar constant factor approximation guarantees on the triangular lattice as were achieved in the standard HP model. While the structures derived from our folding rules are probably still far from biological reality, we hope that having a set of folding rules with different properties will yield more interesting folds when combined.

  10. Energy-Momentum of the Friedmann Models in General Relativity and Teleparallel Theory of Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Sharif; M. Jamil Amir

    2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is devoted to the evaluation of the energy-momentum density components for the Friedmann models. For this purpose, we have used M${\\o}$ller's pseudotensor prescription in General Relativity and a certain energy-momentum density developed from his teleparallel formulation. It is shown that the energy density of the closed Friedmann universe vanishes on the spherical shell at the radius $\\rho=2\\sqrt{3}$. This coincides with the earlier results available in the literature. We also discuss the energy of the flat and open models. A comparison shows a partial consistency between the M${\\o}$ller's pseudotensor for General Relativity and teleparallel theory. Further, it is shown that the results are independent of the free dimensionless coupling constant of the teleparallel gravity.

  11. General model of phospholipid bilayers in fluid phase within the single chain mean field theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Yachong; Baulin, Vladimir A. [Departament d’Enginyeria Química, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. dels Paisos Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona (Spain)] [Departament d’Enginyeria Química, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. dels Paisos Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona (Spain); Pogodin, Sergey [Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia, ICIQ, Av. Paisos Catalans 16, 43007 Tarragona (Spain)] [Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia, ICIQ, Av. Paisos Catalans 16, 43007 Tarragona (Spain)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Coarse-grained model for saturated phospholipids: 1,2-didecanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DCPC), 1,2-dilauroyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DLPC), 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC) and unsaturated phospholipids: 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC), 1,2- dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) is introduced within the single chain mean field theory. A single set of parameters adjusted for DMPC bilayers gives an adequate description of equilibrium and mechanical properties of a range of saturated lipid molecules that differ only in length of their hydrophobic tails and unsaturated (POPC, DOPC) phospholipids which have double bonds in the tails. A double bond is modeled with a fixed angle of 120°, while the rest of the parameters are kept the same as saturated lipids. The thickness of the bilayer and its hydrophobic core, the compressibility, and the equilibrium area per lipid correspond to experimentally measured values for each lipid, changing linearly with the length of the tail. The model for unsaturated phospholipids also fetches main thermodynamical properties of the bilayers. This model is used for an accurate estimation of the free energies of the compressed or stretched bilayers in stacks or multilayers and gives reasonable estimates for free energies. The proposed model may further be used for studies of mixtures of lipids, small molecule inclusions, interactions of bilayers with embedded proteins.

  12. Fourier analysis for generalized cylinders with polar models of cross-sections 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forsythe, William Clarence

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Background 1. 2. Modeling Criteria 1. 3. Modeling Methods 1. 3. 1. Voxel Methods 1. 3. 2. Constructive Solid Geometry 1. 3. 3. Boundary Representation 1. 3. 4. Superquadrics 1. 4. Generalized Cylinder 1. 4. 1. GC Definition 1. 4. 2. GC Research 1. 4. 3. GC... such as spheres, cuboids, and tetrahedrons. This method works well with man-made objects. For instance, a table may be represented with five cuboids, using one cuboid for the top of the table, and one cuboid each, positioned appropriately, for the four legs...

  13. A generalized multi-dimensional mathematical model for charging and discharging processes in a supercapacitor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allu, Srikanth [ORNL] [ORNL; Velamur Asokan, Badri [Exxon Mobil Research and Engineering] [Exxon Mobil Research and Engineering; Shelton, William A [Louisiana State University] [Louisiana State University; Philip, Bobby [ORNL] [ORNL; Pannala, Sreekanth [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A generalized three dimensional computational model based on unied formulation of electrode- electrolyte-electrode system of a electric double layer supercapacitor has been developed. The model accounts for charge transport across the solid-liquid system. This formulation based on volume averaging process is a widely used concept for the multiphase ow equations ([28] [36]) and is analogous to porous media theory typically employed for electrochemical systems [22] [39] [12]. This formulation is extended to the electrochemical equations for a supercapacitor in a consistent fashion, which allows for a single-domain approach with no need for explicit interfacial boundary conditions as previously employed ([38]). In this model it is easy to introduce the spatio-temporal variations, anisotropies of physical properties and it is also conducive for introducing any upscaled parameters from lower length{scale simulations and experiments. Due to the irregular geometric congurations including porous electrode, the charge transport and subsequent performance characteristics of the super-capacitor can be easily captured in higher dimensions. A generalized model of this nature also provides insight into the applicability of 1D models ([38]) and where multidimensional eects need to be considered. In addition, simple sensitivity analysis on key input parameters is performed in order to ascertain the dependence of the charge and discharge processes on these parameters. Finally, we demonstarted how this new formulation can be applied to non-planar supercapacitors

  14. Bounding A Protein's Free Energy In Lattice Models Via Linear Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Alantha

    in understanding protein structure prediction. In these models, a protein folds to maximize H-H contacts (minimize [4], abstracts the dominant force in protein folding: the hydrophobic interaction. The hydrophobicity of protein folding in the Hydro- phobic-Hydrophilic (HP) model. We formulate several di#11;erent integer

  15. A non-linear behavior model for SiC/SiC composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kibler, J.J.; Jones, M.L.; Yen, C.F. [Materials Sciences Corp., Fort Washington, PA (United States)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An interactive analytical model has been developed for modeling the behavior of Continuous Fiber reinforced Ceramic matrix Composites (CFCC). The model integrates a large number of micromechanics solution to problems associated with the microstructure of CFCC materials into an easy to use tool for predicting properties, strengths, and stress states for these materials in unidirectional and laminated forms. Particulate reinforcement and voids can be included in the material description. Inherent in the code is a model for handling the accumulation of micro cracks within the matrix as loading is increased, resulting in a nonlinear stress-strain response of the composite. Sufficient material characteristics are retained within the model to enable sensitivity studies to identify principal causes for material behavior.

  16. Spectral learning of linear dynamics from generalised-linear observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a non-linear and non-Gaussian observation process. We use this approach to obtain estimates to the generalised-linear regression model [8]), where the expected value of an observation is given by a monotonicSpectral learning of linear dynamics from generalised-linear observations with application

  17. Least-Order Torsion-Gravity for Fermion Fields, and the Non-Linear Potentials in the Standard Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Fabbri

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We will consider the least-order torsional completion of gravity for a spacetime filled with fermionic Dirac matter fields, and we study the effects of the background-induced non-linear potentials for the matter field themselves in view of their effects for both standard models of physics: from the one of cosmology to that of particles, we will discuss the mechanisms of generation of the cosmological constant and particle masses as well as the phenomenology of leptonic weak-like forces and neutrino oscillations, the problem of zero-point energy, how there can be neutral massive fields as candidates for dark matter, and avoidance of gravitational singularity formation; we will show the way in which all these different effects can nevertheless be altogether described in terms of just a single model, which will be thoroughly discussed in the end.

  18. Non-linear load-deflection models for seafloor interaction with steel catenary risers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiao, Yaguang

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    or attached to the riser would be washed away. 10 2.1.4 Model Tests of Steel Catenary Riser A full scale mode test of a steel catenary riser was conducted as part of the STRIDE III JIP, by 2H Offshore Engineering Ltd to investigate the effects of fluid...) developed advanced soil stiffness and soil suction models using STRIDE and CARISIMA JIP test data and other published literature data. This newer model describes the load-deflection response of the soil-pipe interaction associated with the riser vertical...

  19. Learning Multiple Models of Non-Linear Dynamics for Control under Varying Contexts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petkos, Georgios; Toussaint, Marc; Vijayakumar, Sethu

    For stationary systems, efficient techniques for adaptive motor control exist which learn the system’s inverse dynamics online and use this single model for control. However, in realistic domains the system dynamics often ...

  20. A Linear Discrete Dynamic System Model for Temporal Gene Interaction and Regulatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Joe

    Influence in Response to Bioethanol Conversion Inhibitor HMF for Ethanologenic Yeast Mingzhou (Joe) Song1 significantly expressed genes in response to bioethanol conversion inhibitor 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in detoxification for bioethanol conversion by yeast. 1 Introduction Computational modeling of gene regulatory

  1. Non-Linear Drying Diffusion and Viscoelastic Drying Shrinkage Modeling in Hardened Cement Pastes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Chin K.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    modeling with an average diffusion coefficient and with determined viscoelastic parameters from creep tests agreed well compared to the shrinkage data from experiments, indicating that drying shrinkage of cement paste may be considered as a poroviscoelastic...

  2. TEA - a linear frequency domain finite element model for tidal embayment analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westerink, Joannes J.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A frequency domain (harmonic) finite element model is developed for the numerical prediction of depth average circulation within small embayments. Such embayments are often characterized by irregular boundaries and bottom ...

  3. Comparison of Single, Double, and Triple Linear Flow Models for Shale Gas/Oil Reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tivayanonda, Vartit

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    reservoirs effectively. Verification and derivation of asymptotic and associated equations from the Laplace space for dual porosity and triple porosity models are performed in order to generate analysis equations. Theories and practical applications...

  4. Effect of Fractionation in Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Using the Linear Quadratic Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Jun, E-mail: JunBME@yahoo.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Philadelphia Cyberknife, Havertown, Pennsylvania (United States); Lamond, John [Department of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Philadelphia Cyberknife, Havertown, Pennsylvania (United States); Fowler, Jack [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin (United States); Lanciano, Rachelle [Department of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Philadelphia Cyberknife, Havertown, Pennsylvania (United States); Feng, Jing [Department of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Brady, Luther [Department of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Philadelphia Cyberknife, Havertown, Pennsylvania (United States)

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To examine the fractionation effect of stereotactic body radiation therapy with a heterogeneous dose distribution. Methods: Derived from the linear quadratic formula with measurements from a hypothetical 2-cm radiosurgical tumor, the threshold percentage was defined as (?/?{sub tissue}/?/?{sub tumor}), the balance ?/? ratio was defined as (prescription dose/tissue tolerance*?/?{sub tumor}), and the balance dose was defined as (tissue tolerance/threshold percentage). Results: With increasing fractions and equivalent peripheral dose to the target, the biological equivalent dose of “hot spots” in a target decreases. The relative biological equivalent doses of serial organs decrease only when the relative percentage of its dose to the prescription dose is above the threshold percentage. The volume of parallel organs at risk decreases only when the tumor's ?/? ratio is above the balance ?/? ratio and the prescription dose is lower than balance dose. Conclusions: The potential benefits of fractionation in stereotactic body radiation therapy depend on the complex interplay between the total dose, ?/? ratios, and dose differences between the target and the surrounding normal tissues.

  5. Quantifying and Generalizing Hydrologic Responses to Dam Regulation using a Statistical Modeling Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McManamay, Ryan A [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the ubiquitous existence of dams within riverscapes, much of our knowledge about dams and their environmental effects remains context-specific. Hydrology, more than any other environmental variable, has been studied in great detail with regard to dam regulation. While much progress has been made in generalizing the hydrologic effects of regulation by large dams, many aspects of hydrology show site-specific fidelity to dam operations, small dams (including diversions), and regional hydrologic regimes. A statistical modeling framework is presented to quantify and generalize hydrologic responses to varying degrees of dam regulation. Specifically, the objectives were to 1) compare the effects of local versus cumulative dam regulation, 2) determine the importance of different regional hydrologic regimes in influencing hydrologic responses to dams, and 3) evaluate how different regulation contexts lead to error in predicting hydrologic responses to dams. Overall, model performance was poor in quantifying the magnitude of hydrologic responses, but performance was sufficient in classifying hydrologic responses as negative or positive. Responses of some hydrologic indices to dam regulation were highly dependent upon hydrologic class membership and the purpose of the dam. The opposing coefficients between local and cumulative-dam predictors suggested that hydrologic responses to cumulative dam regulation are complex, and predicting the hydrology downstream of individual dams, as opposed to multiple dams, may be more easy accomplished using statistical approaches. Results also suggested that particular contexts, including multipurpose dams, high cumulative regulation by multiple dams, diversions, close proximity to dams, and certain hydrologic classes are all sources of increased error when predicting hydrologic responses to dams. Statistical models, such as the ones presented herein, show promise in their ability to model the effects of dam regulation effects at large spatial scales as to generalize the directionality of hydrologic responses.

  6. General model selection estimation of a periodic regression with a Gaussian noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konev, Victor; 10.1007/s10463-008-0193-1

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers the problem of estimating a periodic function in a continuous time regression model with an additive stationary gaussian noise having unknown correlation function. A general model selection procedure on the basis of arbitrary projective estimates, which does not need the knowledge of the noise correlation function, is proposed. A non-asymptotic upper bound for quadratic risk (oracle inequality) has been derived under mild conditions on the noise. For the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck noise the risk upper bound is shown to be uniform in the nuisance parameter. In the case of gaussian white noise the constructed procedure has some advantages as compared with the procedure based on the least squares estimates (LSE). The asymptotic minimaxity of the estimates has been proved. The proposed model selection scheme is extended also to the estimation problem based on the discrete data applicably to the situation when high frequency sampling can not be provided.

  7. Inferring State Sequences for Non-linear Systems with Embedded Hidden Markov Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roweis, Sam

    , Matthew J. Beal, and Sam T. Roweis Department of Computer Science University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario, . . . , xn-1), is generated according to some stochastic transition model. We observe y = (y0, . . . , yn-1), with each yt being generated from the corresponding xt according to some stochastic ob- servation process

  8. Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Probit-Linear Mixed Models with Correlated Random Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Jie

    Jennifer S. K. Chan and Anthony Y. C. Kuk Department of Statistics, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia The probit-normal model for binary data (McCulloch, 1994, Journal of the American function, one has to integrate out the random effects, which, except for a few special cases, cannot

  9. Some Useful Matlab and Control Systems Toolbox Functions Creating and converting linear models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abate, Alessandro

    ). step - Step response. impulse - Impulse response. lsim - Response to arbitrary inputs. bode - Bode-zero map. damp - Natural frequency and damping of system poles. ltiview - Response analysis GUI (LTI Viewer diagrams of the frequency response. ctrb - Controllability matrix (for ss models). obsv - Observability

  10. Integrated Dynamic Optimization and Control in Reservoir Engineering using Locally Identified Linear Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van den Hof, Paul

    on dynamic real-time optimization (D- RTO) of waterflooding strategies in petroleum reservoirs haveIntegrated Dynamic Optimization and Control in Reservoir Engineering using Locally Identified, the used large-scale, nonlinear, physics-based reservoir models suffer from vast parametric uncertainty

  11. Linear and Quasilinear Model for Pressure-Driven Interchange and Entropy Modes in a !

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauel, Michael E.

    , the quasilinear particle and heat flux are calculated and show turbulent self-organization that drives profiles that Regulate Interchange Motion Vasyliunas, "Mathematical Models of Magnetospheric Convection and Its Coupling at times of an active magnetospheric dynamo (e.g. during substorms). Figure 3. Dynamo forces, auroral

  12. Accurate coarse-grained models for mixtures of colloids and linear polymers under good-solvent conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giuseppe D'Adamo; Andrea Pelissetto; Carlo Pierleoni

    2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A coarse-graining strategy, previously developed for polymer solutions, is extended here to mixtures of linear polymers and hard-sphere colloids. In this approach groups of monomers are mapped onto a single pseudoatom (a blob) and the effective blob-blob interactions are obtained by requiring the model to reproduce some large-scale structural properties in the zero-density limit. We show that an accurate parametrization of the polymer-colloid interactions is obtained by simply introducing pair potentials between blobs and colloids. For the coarse-grained model in which polymers are modelled as four-blob chains (tetramers), the pair potentials are determined by means of the iterative Boltzmann inversion scheme, taking full-monomer pair correlation functions at zero-density as targets. For a larger number $n$ of blobs, pair potentials are determined by using a simple transferability assumption based on the polymer self-similarity. We validate the model by comparing its predictions with full-monomer results for the interfacial properties of polymer solutions in the presence of a single colloid and for thermodynamic and structural properties in the homogeneous phase at finite polymer and colloid density. The tetramer model is quite accurate for $q\\lesssim 1$ ($q=\\hat{R}_g/R_c$, where $\\hat{R}_g$ is the zero-density polymer radius of gyration and $R_c$ is the colloid radius) and reasonably good also for $q=2$. For $q=2$ an accurate coarse-grained description is obtained by using the $n=10$ blob model. We also compare our results with those obtained by using single-blob models with state-dependent potentials.

  13. Generalized spherically symmetric gravitational model: Hamiltonian dynamics in extended phase space and BRST charge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. P. Shestakova

    2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct Hamiltonian dynamics of the generalized spherically symmetric gravitational model in extended phase space. We start from the Faddeev - Popov effective action with gauge-fixing and ghost terms, making use of gauge conditions in differential form. It enables us to introduce missing velocities into the Lagrangian and then construct a Hamiltonian function according a usual rule which is applied for systems without constraints. The main feature of Hamiltonian dynamics in extended phase space is that it can be proved to be completely equivalent to Lagrangian dynamics derived from the effective action. We find a BRST invariant form of the effective action by adding terms not affecting Lagrangian equations. After all, we construct the BRST charge according to the Noether theorem. Our algorithm differs from that by Batalin, Fradkin and Vilkovisky, but the resulting BRST charge generates correct transformations for all gravitational degrees of freedom including gauge ones. Generalized spherically symmetric model imitates the full gravitational theory much better then models with finite number of degrees of freedom, so that one can expect appropriate results in the case of the full theory.

  14. The component slope linear model for calculating intensive partial molar properties /application to waste glasses and aluminate solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynolds, Jacob G. [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC, Richland, WA (United States)

    2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Partial molar properties are the changes occurring when the fraction of one component is varied while the fractions of all other component mole fractions change proportionally. They have many practical and theoretical applications in chemical thermodynamics. Partial molar properties of chemical mixtures are difficult to measure because the component mole fractions must sum to one, so a change in fraction of one component must be offset with a change in one or more other components. Given that more than one component fraction is changing at a time, it is difficult to assign a change in measured response to a change in a single component. In this study, the Component Slope Linear Model (CSLM), a model previously published in the statistics literature, is shown to have coefficients that correspond to the intensive partial molar properties. If a measured property is plotted against the mole fraction of a component while keeping the proportions of all other components constant, the slope at any given point on a graph of this curve is the partial molar property for that constituent. Actually plotting this graph has been used to determine partial molar properties for many years. The CSLM directly includes this slope in a model that predicts properties as a function of the component mole fractions. This model is demonstrated by applying it to the constant pressure heat capacity data from the NaOH-NaAl(OH){sub 4}-H{sub 2}O system, a system that simplifies Hanford nuclear waste. The partial molar properties of H{sub 2}O, NaOH, and NaAl(OH){sub 4} are determined. The equivalence of the CSLM and the graphical method is verified by comparing results determined by the two methods. The CSLM model has been previously used to predict the liquidus temperature of spinel crystals precipitated from Hanford waste glass. Those model coefficients are re-interpreted here as the partial molar spinel liquidus temperature of the glass components.

  15. A Generalized Model of Nonlinear Diffusive Shock Acceleration Coupled to an Evolving Supernova Remnant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Shiu-Hang; Nagataki, Shigehiro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To better model the efficient production of cosmic rays (CRs) in supernova remnants (SNRs) with the associated coupling between CR production and SNR dynamics, we have generalized an existing cr-hydro-NEI code (i.e., Ellison et al. 2012) to include the following processes: (1) an explicit calculation of the upstream precursor structure including the position dependent flow speed, density, temperature, and magnetic field strength; (2) a momentum and space dependent CR diffusion coefficient; (3) an explicit calculation of magnetic field amplification (MFA); (4) calculation of the maximum CR momentum using the amplified magnetic field; (5) a finite Alfven speed for the particle scattering centers; and (6) the ability to accelerate a superthermal seed population of CRs as well as the ambient thermal plasma. While a great deal of work has been done modeling SNRs, most work has concentrated on either the continuum emission from relativistic electrons or ions, or the thermal emission from the shock heated plasma. Ou...

  16. General solution of a cosmological model induced from higher dimensions using a kinematical constraint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozgur Akarsu; Tekin Dereli; Nihan Katirci; Mikhail B. Sheftel

    2015-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In a recent study Akarsu and Dereli (Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 45:1211, 2013) discussed the dynamical reduction of a higher dimensional cosmological model which is augmented by a kinematical constraint characterized by a single real parameter, correlating and controlling the expansion of both the external (physical) and internal spaces. In that paper explicit solutions were found only for the case of three dimensional internal space ($n=3$). Here we derive a general solution of the system using Lie group symmetry properties, in parametric form for arbitrary number $n=1,2,3,\\dots$ of internal dimensions. We also investigate the dynamical reduction of the model as a function of cosmic time $t$ for various values of $n$ and generate parametric plots to discuss cosmologically relevant results.

  17. Data Assimilation by Artificial Neural Networks for an Atmospheric General Circulation Model: Conventional Observation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cintra, Rosangela S

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an approach for employing artificial neural networks (NN) to emulate an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) as a method of data assimilation. The assimilation methods are tested in the Simplified Parameterizations PrimitivE-Equation Dynamics (SPEEDY) model, an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM), using synthetic observational data simulating localization of balloon soundings. For the data assimilation scheme, the supervised NN, the multilayer perceptrons (MLP-NN), is applied. The MLP-NN are able to emulate the analysis from the local ensemble transform Kalman filter (LETKF). After the training process, the method using the MLP-NN is seen as a function of data assimilation. The NN were trained with data from first three months of 1982, 1983, and 1984. A hind-casting experiment for the 1985 data assimilation cycle using MLP-NN were performed with synthetic observations for January 1985. The numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the NN technique for atmospheric data assimilati...

  18. Quantum Analogical Modeling: A General Quantum Computing Algorithm for Predicting Language Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Skousen

    2005-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes a general quantum algorithm that can be applied to any classical computer program. Each computational step is written using reversible operators, but the operators remain classical in that the qubits take on values of only zero and one. This classical restriction on the quantum states allows the copying of qubits, a necessary requirement for doing general classical computation. Parallel processing of the quantum algorithm proceeds because of the superpositioning of qubits, the only aspect of the algorithm that is strictly quantum mechanical. Measurement of the system collapses the superposition, leaving only one state that can be observed. In most instances, the loss of information as a result of measurement would be unacceptable. But the linguistically motivated theory of Analogical Modeling (AM) proposes that the probabilistic nature of language behavior can be accurately modeled in terms of the simultaneous analysis of all possible contexts (referred to as supracontexts) providing one selects a single supracontext from those supracontexts that are homogeneous in behavior (namely, supracontexts that allow no increase in uncertainty). The amplitude for each homogeneous supracontext is proportional to its frequency of occurrence, with the result that the probability of selecting one particular supracontext to predict the behavior of the system is proportional to the square of its frequency.

  19. Bond length and electric current oscillation of long linear carbon chains: Density functional theory, MpB model, and quantum spin transport studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oeiras, R. Y.; Silva, E. Z. da [Institute of Physics “Gleb Wataghin”, University of Campinas-Unicamp, 13083-859 Campinas, SP (Brazil)] [Institute of Physics “Gleb Wataghin”, University of Campinas-Unicamp, 13083-859 Campinas, SP (Brazil)

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon linear atomic chains attached to graphene have experimentally been produced. Motivated by these results, we study the nature of the carbon bonds in these nanowires and how it affects their electrical properties. In the present study we investigate chains with different numbers of atoms and we observe that nanowires with odd number of atoms present a distinct behavior than the ones with even numbers. Using graphene nanoribbons as leads, we identify differences in the quantum transport of the chains with the consequence that even and odd numbered chains have low and high electrical conduction, respectively. We also noted a dependence of current with the wire size. We study this unexpected behavior using a combination of first principles calculations and simple models based on chemical bond theory. From our studies, the electrons of carbon nanowires present a quasi-free electron behavior and this explains qualitatively the high electrical conduction and the bond lengths with unexpected values for the case of odd nanowires. Our study also allows the understanding of the electric conduction dependence with the number of atoms and their parity in the chain. In the case of odd number chains a proposed ?-bond (MpB) model describes unsaturated carbons that introduce a mobile ?-bond that changes dramatically the structure and transport properties of these wires. Our results indicate that the nature of bonds plays the main role in the oscillation of quantum electrical conduction for chains with even and odd number of atoms and also that nanowires bonded to graphene nanoribbons behave as a quasi-free electron system, suggesting that this behavior is general and it could also remain if the chains are bonded to other materials.

  20. An Analytic Linear Accelerator Source Model for Monte Carlo dose calculations. II. Model Utilization in a GPU-based Monte Carlo Package and Automatic Source Commissioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Zhen; Li, Yongbao; Shi, Feng; Jiang, Steve B; Jia, Xun

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We recently built an analytical source model for GPU-based MC dose engine. In this paper, we present a sampling strategy to efficiently utilize this source model in GPU-based dose calculation. Our source model was based on a concept of phase-space-ring (PSR). This ring structure makes it effective to account for beam rotational symmetry, but not suitable for dose calculations due to rectangular jaw settings. Hence, we first convert PSR source model to its phase-space let (PSL) representation. Then in dose calculation, different types of sub-sources were separately sampled. Source sampling and particle transport were iterated. So that the particles being sampled and transported simultaneously are of same type and close in energy to alleviate GPU thread divergence. We also present an automatic commissioning approach to adjust the model for a good representation of a clinical linear accelerator . Weighting factors were introduced to adjust relative weights of PSRs, determined by solving a quadratic minimization ...

  1. Global environmental effects of impact-generated aerosols: Results from a general circulation model: Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Covey, C.; Ghan, S.J.; Walton, J.J.; Weissman, P.R.

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interception of sunlight by the high altitude worldwide dust cloud generated by impact of a large asteroid or comet would lead to substantial land surface cooling, according to our three-dimensional atmospheric general circulation model (GCM). This result is qualitatively similar to conclusions drawn from an earlier study that employed a one-dimensional atmospheric model, but in the GCM simulation the heat capacity of the oceans substantially mitigates land surface cooling, an effect that one-dimensional models cannot quantify. On the other hand, the low heat capacity of the GCM's land surface allows temperatures to drop more rapidly in the initial stage of cooling than in the one-dimensional model study. These two differences between three-dimensional and one-dimensional model simulations were noted previously in studies of ''nuclear winter; '' GCM-simulated climatic changes in the Alvarez-inspired scenario of ''asteroid/comet winter,'' however, are more severe than in ''nuclear winter'' because the assumed aerosol amount is large enough to intercept all sunlight falling on earth. Impacts of smaller objects -- which would occur much more frequently than the Cretaceous/Tertiary event deduced by Alvarez and coworkers -- could also lead to dramatic, though less severe, climatic changes, according to our GCM. Our conclusion is that it is difficult to imagine an asteroid or comet impact leading to anything approaching complete global freezing, but quite reasonable to assume that impacts at the Alvarez level, or even smaller, dramatically alter the climate in at least a ''patchy'' sense. 30 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  2. Analog models of computations \\& Effective Church Turing Thesis: Efficient simulation of Turing machines by the General Purpose Analog Computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouly, Amaury; Graça, Daniel S

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    \\emph{Are analog models of computations more powerful than classical models of computations?} From a series of recent papers, it is now clear that many realistic analog models of computations are provably equivalent to classical digital models of computations from a \\emph{computability} point of view. Take, for example, the probably most realistic model of analog computation, the General Purpose Analog Computer (GPAC) model from Claude Shannon, a model for Differential Analyzers, which are analog machines used from 1930s to early 1960s to solve various problems. It is now known that functions computable by Turing machines are provably exactly those that are computable by GPAC. This paper is about next step: understanding if this equivalence also holds at the \\emph{complexity} level. In this paper we show that the realistic models of analog computation -- namely the General Purpose Analog Computer (GPAC) -- can simulate Turing machines in a computationally efficient manner. More concretely we show that, modulo...

  3. analysis model tsam: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    words Krzysztof Radzicki; Stphane Bonelli 2012-01-01 293 Generalized Impulse Response Analysis in Linear Multivariate Models CiteSeer Summary: Building on Koop, Pesaran and...

  4. Aerosol indirect effects -- general circulation model intercomparison and evaluation with satellite data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quaas, Johannes; Ming, Yi; Menon, Surabi; Takemura, Toshihiko; Wang, Minghuai; Penner, Joyce E.; Gettelman, Andrew; Lohmann, Ulrike; Bellouin, Nicolas; Boucher, Olivier; Sayer, Andrew M.; Thomas, Gareth E.; McComiskey, Allison; Feingold, Graham; Hoose, Corinna; Kristjansson, Jon Egill; Liu, Xiaohong; Balkanski, Yves; Donner, Leo J.; Ginoux, Paul A.; Stier, Philip; Feichter, Johann; Sednev, Igor; Bauer, Susanne E.; Koch, Dorothy; Grainger, Roy G.; Kirkevag, Alf; Iversen, Trond; Seland, Oyvind; Easter, Richard; Ghan, Steven J.; Rasch, Philip J.; Morrison, Hugh; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Iacono, Michael J.; Kinne, Stefan; Schulz, Michael

    2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Aerosol indirect effects continue to constitute one of the most important uncertainties for anthropogenic climate perturbations. Within the international AEROCOM initiative, the representation of aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions in ten different general circulation models (GCMs) is evaluated using three satellite datasets. The focus is on stratiform liquid water clouds since most GCMs do not include ice nucleation effects, and none of the model explicitly parameterizes aerosol effects on convective clouds. We compute statistical relationships between aerosol optical depth (Ta) and various cloud and radiation quantities in a manner that is consistent between the models and the satellite data. It is found that the model-simulated influence of aerosols on cloud droplet number concentration (Nd) compares relatively well to the satellite data at least over the ocean. The relationship between Ta and liquid water path is simulated much too strongly by the models. It is shown that this is partly related to the representation of the second aerosol indirect effect in terms of autoconversion. A positive relationship between total cloud fraction (fcld) and Ta as found in the satellite data is simulated by the majority of the models, albeit less strongly than that in the satellite data in most of them. In a discussion of the hypotheses proposed in the literature to explain the satellite-derived strong fcld - Ta relationship, our results indicate that none can be identified as unique explanation. Relationships similar to the ones found in satellite data between Ta and cloud top temperature or outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) are simulated by only a few GCMs. The GCMs that simulate a negative OLR - Ta relationship show a strong positive correlation between Ta and fcld The short-wave total aerosol radiative forcing as simulated by the GCMs is strongly influenced by the simulated anthropogenic fraction of Ta, and parameterisation assumptions such as a lower bound on Nd. Nevertheless, the strengths of the statistical relationships are good predictors for the aerosol forcings in the models. An estimate of the total short-wave aerosol forcing inferred from the combination of these predictors for the modelled forcings with the satellite-derived statistical relationships yields a global annual mean value of -1.5+-0.5 Wm-2. An alternative estimate obtained by scaling the simulated clear- and cloudy-sky forcings with estimates of anthropogenic Ta and satellite-retrieved Nd - Ta regression slopes, respectively, yields a global annual mean clear-sky (aerosol direct effect) estimate of -0.4+-0.2 Wm-2 and a cloudy-sky (aerosol indirect effect) estimate of -0.7+-0.5 Wm-2, with a total estimate of -1.2+-0.4 Wm-2.

  5. WAXS fat subtraction model to estimate differential linear scattering coefficients of fatless breast tissue: Phantom materials evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tang, Robert Y., E-mail: rx-tang@laurentian.ca [Biomolecular Sciences Program, Laurentian University, 935 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 2C6 (Canada); Laamanen, Curtis, E-mail: cx-laamanen@laurentian.ca; McDonald, Nancy, E-mail: mcdnancye@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Laurentian University, 935 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 2C6 (Canada)] [Department of Physics, Laurentian University, 935 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 2C6 (Canada); LeClair, Robert J., E-mail: rleclair@laurentian.ca [Department of Physics, Laurentian University, 935 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 2C6, Canada and Biomolecular Sciences Program, Laurentian University, 935 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3E 2C6 (Canada)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Develop a method to subtract fat tissue contributions to wide-angle x-ray scatter (WAXS) signals of breast biopsies in order to estimate the differential linear scattering coefficients ?{sub s} of fatless tissue. Cancerous and fibroglandular tissue can then be compared independent of fat content. In this work phantom materials with known compositions were used to test the efficacy of the WAXS subtraction model. Methods: Each sample 5 mm in diameter and 5 mm thick was interrogated by a 50 kV 2.7 mm diameter beam for 3 min. A 25 mm{sup 2} by 1 mm thick CdTe detector allowed measurements of a portion of the ? = 6° scattered field. A scatter technique provided means to estimate the incident spectrum N{sub 0}(E) needed in the calculations of ?{sub s}[x(E, ?)] where x is the momentum transfer argument. Values of ?{sup ¯}{sub s} for composite phantoms consisting of three plastic layers were estimated and compared to the values obtained via the sum ?{sup ¯}{sub s}{sup ?}(x)=?{sub 1}?{sub s1}(x)+?{sub 2}?{sub s2}(x)+?{sub 3}?{sub s3}(x), where ?{sub i} is the fractional volume of the ith plastic component. Water, polystyrene, and a volume mixture of 0.6 water + 0.4 polystyrene labelled as fibphan were chosen to mimic cancer, fat, and fibroglandular tissue, respectively. A WAXS subtraction model was used to remove the polystyrene signal from tissue composite phantoms so that the ?{sub s} of water and fibphan could be estimated. Although the composite samples were layered, simulations were performed to test the models under nonlayered conditions. Results: The well known ?{sub s} signal of water was reproduced effectively between 0.5 < x < 1.6 nm{sup ?1}. The ?{sup ¯}{sub s} obtained for the heterogeneous samples agreed with ?{sup ¯}{sub s}{sup ?}. Polystyrene signals were subtracted successfully from composite phantoms. The simulations validated the usefulness of the WAXS models for nonlayered biopsies. Conclusions: The methodology to measure ?{sub s} of homogeneous samples was quantitatively accurate. Simple WAXS models predicted the probabilities for specific x-ray scattering to occur from heterogeneous biopsies. The fat subtraction model can allow ?{sub s} signals of breast cancer and fibroglandular tissue to be compared without the effects of fat provided there is an independent measurement of the fat volume fraction ?{sub f}. Future work will consist of devising a quantitative x-ray digital imaging method to estimate ?{sub f} in ex vivo breast samples.

  6. Generalized parton distribution functions and the nucleon spin sum rules in the chiral quark soliton model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wakamatsu, M.; Tsujimoto, H. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The theoretical predictions are given for the forward limit of the unpolarized spin-flip isovector generalized parton distribution function (E{sup u}-E{sup d})(x,{xi},t) within the framework of the chiral quark soliton model, with full inclusion of the polarization of Dirac sea quarks. We observe that [(H{sup u}-H{sup d})+(E{sup u}-E{sup d})](x,0,0) has a sharp peak around x=0, which we interpret as a signal of the importance of the pionic qq excitation with large spatial extension in the transverse direction. Another interesting indication given by the predicted distribution in combination with Ji's angular momentum sum rule is that the d quark carries more angular momentum than the u quark in the proton, which may have some relation with the physics of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule.

  7. Effect of atomic spontaneous decay on entanglement in the generalized Jaynes-Cummings model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hessian, H.A. [Faculty of Science Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo (Egypt)], E-mail: ammar_67@yahoo.com; Obada, A.-S.F. [Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut (Egypt); Mohamed, A.-B.A. [Faculty of Science Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo (Egypt)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Some aspects of the irreversible dynamics of a generalized Jaynes-Cummings model are addressed. By working in the dressed-state representation, it is possible to split the dynamics of the entanglement and coherence. The exact solution of the master equation in the case of a high-Q cavity with atomic decay is found. Effects of the atomic spontaneous decay on the temporal evolution of partial entropies of the atom or the field and the total entropy as a quantitative measure entanglement are elucidated. The degree of entanglement, through the sum of the negative eigenvalues of the partially transposed density matrix and the negative mutual information has been studied and compared with other measures.

  8. Parsimonious additive logistic models Logistic regression is a standard tool in statistics for binary classification. The logistic model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    a linear regression model. A generalization is the additive logistic model, which replaces each linear term, removes irrelevant variables, and identifies non linear trends. The estimates are computed via the usualParsimonious additive logistic models Logistic regression is a standard tool in statistics

  9. Model-Based Testing with a General Purpose Keyword-Driven Test Automation Tuomas Pajunen, Tommi Takala, and Mika Katara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Memon, Atif M.

    . The tests are built as sequences of keywords, and keywords are automatically translated into concrete lowModel-Based Testing with a General Purpose Keyword-Driven Test Automation Framework Tuomas Pajunen mika.katara@tut.fi Abstract--Model-based testing (MBT) is a relatively new approach to software testing

  10. Super Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

    2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In this book, the authors introduce the notion of Super linear algebra and super vector spaces using the definition of super matrices defined by Horst (1963). This book expects the readers to be well-versed in linear algebra. Many theorems on super linear algebra and its properties are proved. Some theorems are left as exercises for the reader. These new class of super linear algebras which can be thought of as a set of linear algebras, following a stipulated condition, will find applications in several fields using computers. The authors feel that such a paradigm shift is essential in this computerized world. Some other structures ought to replace linear algebras which are over a century old. Super linear algebras that use super matrices can store data not only in a block but in multiple blocks so it is certainly more powerful than the usual matrices. This book has 3 chapters. Chapter one introduces the notion of super vector spaces and enumerates a number of properties. Chapter two defines the notion of super linear algebra, super inner product spaces and super bilinear forms. Several interesting properties are derived. The main application of these new structures in Markov chains and Leontief economic models are also given in this chapter. The final chapter suggests 161 problems mainly to make the reader understand this new concept and apply them.

  11. Construction of reduced order models for the non-linear Navier-Stokes equations using the proper orthogonal fecomposition (POD)/Galerkin method.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fike, Jeffrey A.

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The construction of stable reduced order models using Galerkin projection for the Euler or Navier-Stokes equations requires a suitable choice for the inner product. The standard L2 inner product is expected to produce unstable ROMs. For the non-linear Navier-Stokes equations this means the use of an energy inner product. In this report, Galerkin projection for the non-linear Navier-Stokes equations using the L2 inner product is implemented as a first step toward constructing stable ROMs for this set of physics.

  12. Design of active suspension control based upon use of tubular linear motor and quarter-car model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Justin Aaron

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The design, fabrication, and testing of a quarter-car facility coupled with various control algorithms are presented in this thesis. An experimental linear tubular motor, capable of producing a 52-N force, provides control ...

  13. Linear Quantum Feedback Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Gough; R. Gohm; M. Yanagisawa

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The mathematical theory of quantum feedback networks has recently been developed for general open quantum dynamical systems interacting with bosonic input fields. In this article we show, for the special case of linear dynamical systems Markovian systems with instantaneous feedback connections, that the transfer functions can be deduced and agree with the algebraic rules obtained in the nonlinear case. Using these rules, we derive the the transfer functions for linear quantum systems in series, in cascade, and in feedback arrangements mediated by beam splitter devices.

  14. Atmospheric effects of nuclar war aerosols in general circulation model simulations: Influence of smoke optical properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, S.L.; Ramaswamy, V.; Covey, C.

    1987-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A global atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) is modified to include radiative transfer parameterizations for the absorption and scattering of solar radiation and the absorption of thermal infrared (IR) radiation by smoke aerosols. The solar scattering modifications include a parameterization for diagnosing smoke optical properties as a function of the time- and space-dependent smoke particle radii. The aerosol IR modifications allow for both the ''grey'' absorber approximation and a broadband approximation that resolves the aerosol absorption in four spectral intervals. We examine the sensitivity of some GCM-simulated atmospheric and climatic effects to the optical properties and radiative transfer parameterizations used in studies of massive injections of smoke. Specifically, we test the model response to solar scattering versus nonscattering smoke, variations in prescribed smoke single scattering albedo and IR specific absorption, and interactive versus fixed smoke optical properties. Hypothetical nuclear war created smoke scenarios assume the July injection of 60 or 180 Tg of smoke over portions of the mid-latitude land areas of the northern hemisphere. Atmospheric transport and scavenging of the smoke are included. Nonscattering smoke cases produce roughly 40 Wm/sup -2/ more Earth-atmosphere solar irradiance absorption over the northern hemisphere, when compared to scattering smoke cases having equivalent specific absorption efficiencies. Varying the elemental carbon content of smoke over a plausible range produces a 4/sup 0/--6 /sup 0/C change in average mid-latitude land surface temperature, and a variation of about 0.1 in zonally averaged planetary albedo in the northern hemisphere.

  15. The generalized non-conservative model of a 1-planet system - revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Migaszewski, Cezary

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the long-term dynamics of a planetary system composed of a star and a planet. Both bodies are considered as extended, non-spherical, rotating objects. There are no assumptions made on the relative angles between the orbital angular momentum and the spin vectors of the bodies. Thus, we analyze full, spatial model of the planetary system. Both objects are assumed to be deformed due to their own rotations, as well as due to the mutual tidal interactions. The general relativity corrections are considered in terms of the post-Newtonian approximation. Besides the conservative contributions to the perturbing forces, there are also taken into account non-conservative effects, i.e., the dissipation of the mechanical energy. This dissipation is a result of the tidal perturbation on the velocity field in the internal zones with non-zero turbulent viscosity (convective zones). Our main goal is to derive the equations of the orbital motion as well as the equations governing time-evolution of the spin vectors (ang...

  16. Elements of fractal generalization of dual-porosity model for solute transport in unsaturated fractured rocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolshov, L.; Kondratenko, P.; Matveev, L.; Pruess, K.

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, new elements were developed to generalize the dual-porosity model for moisture infiltration on and solute transport in unsaturated rocks, taking into account fractal aspects of the percolation process. Random advection was considered as a basic mechanism of solute transport in self-similar fracture systems. In addition to spatial variations in the infiltration velocity field, temporal fluctuations were also taken into account. The rock matrix, a low-permeability component of the heterogeneous geologic medium, acts as a trap for solute particles and moisture. Scaling relations were derived for the moisture infiltration flux, the velocity correlation length, the average velocity of infiltration, and the velocity correlation function. The effect of temporal variations in precipitation intensity on the infiltration processes was analyzed. It showed that the mode of solute transport is determined by the power exponent in the advection velocity correlation function and the dimensionality of the trapping system, both of which may change with time. Therefore, depending on time, various transport regimes may be realized: superdiffusion, subdiffusion, or classical diffusion. The complex structure of breakthrough curves from changes in the transport regimes was also examined. A renormalization of the solute source strength due to characteristic fluctuations of highly disordered media was established.

  17. On Stable Piecewise Linearization and Generalized Algorithmic ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 30, 2012 ... in the control flow. The situation where there are branches in the form of conditional gotos remains to be investigated. The data dependence ...

  18. Modelling, Measurement and Control Vol. 83 | Issue3 | 2010 A General Physics and Electrical Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Applications 1 Design of a Modified Ultra-Wide Band Low-Noise Amplifier (UWB.LNA) Topology with Good Linearity@ensa.ac.ma Abstract The Low-Noise Amplifier (LNA) is the first and the important building block in a radiofrequency.8 GHz to 2.4 GHz which includes a large number of standards and RF applications. The designed UWB LNA

  19. A generalized model of active media with a set of interacting pacemakers: Application to the heart beat analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei Rybalko; Ekaterina Zhuchkova

    2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a quite general model of active media by consideration of the interaction between pacemakers via their phase response curves. This model describes a network of pulse oscillators coupled by their response to the internal depolarization of mutual stimulations. First, a macroscopic level corresponding to an arbitrary large number of oscillatory elements coupled globally is considered. As a specific and important case of the proposed model, the bidirectional interaction of two cardiac nodes is described. This case is generalized by means of an additional pacemaker, which can be expounded as an external stimulater. The behavior of such a system is analyzed. Second, the microscopic level corresponding to the representation of cardiac nodes by one-- and two--dimensional lattices of pulse oscillators coupled via the nearest neighbors is described. The model is a universal one in the sense that on its basis one can easily construct discrete distributed media of active elements, which interact via phase response curves.

  20. Analyzing generalized Stirling permutations via relations to families of increasing trees and urn models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janson, Svante

    Analyzing generalized Stirling permutations via relations to families of increasing trees and urn-mail: kuba@geometrie.tuwien.ac.at, Alois.Panholzer@tuwien.ac.at) Abstract. Stirling permutations are a class of multipermutations introduced by Gessel and Stanley. We consider Stirling permutations and generalizations

  1. A generalized self consistent model for effective elastic moduli of human dentine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Qinghua

    Consistent Model for cell model of fiber-reinforced composites is extended to the case of hollow cylinder model and the corresponding cell model is chosen to consist of a circular hollow cylinder filled from other models such as nano-indentation method. Ã? 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords

  2. Adaptive Generalized Estimation Equation with Bayes Classifier for the Job Assignment Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, King-Ip "David"

    or linear programming do not work well for data with high level of noise. Moreover, our model aims at beingAdaptive Generalized Estimation Equation with Bayes Classifier for the Job Assignment Problem Yulan classifiers to enhance decision­making models for the job assignment problem. Adaptive Generalized Estimation

  3. Enhancing the resolution of sea ice in long-term global ocean general circulation model (gcm) integrations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Joong Tae

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Open water in sea ice, such as leads and polynyas, plays a crucial role in determining the formation of deep- and bottom-water, as well as their long-term global properties and circulation. Ocean general circulation models (GCMs) designed...

  4. Solvation Free Energy of Biomacromolecules: Parameters for a Modified Generalized Born Model Consistent with the AMBER Force Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaram, Bhyravabotla

    Solvation Free Energy of Biomacromolecules: Parameters for a Modified Generalized Born Model provides rapid estimates of the electrostatic free energies of solvation for diverse molecules of parameters compatible with the AMBER force field is described. The method is used to estimate free energies

  5. Biophysical Journal Volume 85 August 2003 11351144 1135 A General Model for Amyloid Fibril Assembly Based on Morphological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mochrie, Simon

    to form amyloid fibrils in vitro including acylphosphatase (Chiti et al., 2000), cold-shock proteinBiophysical Journal Volume 85 August 2003 1135­1144 1135 A General Model for Amyloid Fibril of fibrillar species formed during fibrillation of a-synuclein, insulin, and the B1 domain of protein G

  6. Ocean Water Clarity and the Ocean General Circulation in a Coupled Climate Model ANAND GNANADESIKAN AND WHIT G. ANDERSON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gnanadesikan, Anand

    shortwave penetration in the high-latitude Southern Ocean causes an increase in the formation of mode waterOcean Water Clarity and the Ocean General Circulation in a Coupled Climate Model ANAND GNANADESIKAN Jersey (Manuscript received 11 October 2007, in final form 17 July 2008) ABSTRACT Ocean water clarity

  7. STA 6246 Linear Models Instructor James Hobert, 221 Griffin-Floyd Hall; Office Hours: Monday & Wednesday 4th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobert, James P.

    Statistics with S (4th edition, 2002), Springer. We will use the statistical computing language R (which can at Chapter 4. If you prefer to use other statistical languages or statistical packages and do not intend level; · a one-year sequence in theoretical statistics at the graduate level; · a course in linear

  8. Special set linear algebra and special set fuzzy linear algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral

    2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors in this book introduce the notion of special set linear algebra and special set fuzzy Linear algebra, which is an extension of the notion set linear algebra and set fuzzy linear algebra. These concepts are best suited in the application of multi expert models and cryptology. This book has five chapters. In chapter one the basic concepts about set linear algebra is given in order to make this book a self contained one. The notion of special set linear algebra and their fuzzy analogue is introduced in chapter two. In chapter three the notion of special set semigroup linear algebra is introduced. The concept of special set n-vector spaces, n greater than or equal to three is defined and their fuzzy analogue is their fuzzy analogue is given in chapter four. The probable applications are also mentioned. The final chapter suggests 66 problems.

  9. A Grid of 3D Stellar Atmosphere Models of Solar Metallicity: I. General Properties, Granulation and Atmospheric Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trampedach, Regner; Collet, Remo; Nordlund, Åke; Stein, Robert F

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Present grids of stellar atmosphere models are the workhorses in interpreting stellar observations, and determining their fundamental parameters. These models rely on greatly simplified models of convection, however, lending less predictive power to such models of late type stars. We present a grid of improved and more reliable stellar atmosphere models of late type stars, based on deep, 3D, convective, stellar atmosphere simulations. This grid is to be used in general for interpreting observations, and improve stellar and asteroseismic modeling. We solve the Navier Stokes equations in 3D and concurrent with the radiative transfer equation, for a range of atmospheric parameters, covering most of stellar evolution with convection at the surface. We emphasize use of the best available atomic physics for quantitative predictions and comparisons with observations. We present granulation size, convective expansion of the acoustic cavity, asymptotic adiabat, as function of atmospheric parameters. These and other re...

  10. Thermodynamical description of modified generalized Chaplygin gas model of dark energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Ebadi; H. Moradpour

    2015-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a universe filled by a modified generalized Chaplygin gas together with a pressureless dark matter component. We get a thermodynamical interpretation for the modified generalized Chaplygin gas confined to the apparent horizon of FRW universe, whiles dark sectors do not interact with each other. Thereinafter, by taking into account a mutual interaction between the dark sectors of the cosmos, we find a thermodynamical interpretation for interacting modified generalized Chaplygin gas. Additionally, probable relation between the thermal fluctuations of the system and the assumed mutual interaction is investigated. Finally, we show that if one wants to solve the coincidence problem by using this mutual interaction, then the coupling constants of the interaction will be constrained. The corresponding constraint is also addressed. Moreover, the thermodynamic interpretation of using either a generalized Chaplygin gas or a Chaplygin gas to describe dark energy is also addressed throughout the paper.

  11. Improving Groundwater Predictions Utilizing Seasonal Precipitation Forecasts from General Circulation Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arumugam, Sankar

    Improving Groundwater Predictions Utilizing Seasonal Precipitation Forecasts from General. The research reported in this paper evaluates the potential in developing 6-month-ahead groundwater Surface Temperature forecasts. Ten groundwater wells and nine streamgauges from the USGS Groundwater

  12. A General Model of Concurrency and its Implementation as Many-core Dynamic RISC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jesshope, Chris

    scaling, good energy efficiency and tolerance to large latencies in asynchronous operations. This is true. This paper describes general-purpose solutions and builds on the premise that what is missing is a coherent

  13. Improved Indoor Tracking Based on Generalized t-Distribution Noise Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuo, Liu; Le, Yin; Khuen, Ho Weng; Voon, Ling Keck

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    objective function. Industrial & engineering chemistryfunction approac. Industrial & Engineering Chem- istrynoise model. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research,

  14. Plant Heterogeneity and Applied General Equilibrium Models of Trade: Lessons from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoiciu, Mihai

    sector. I introduce these features by adapting a Hopenhayn (1992) model of plant entry and exit and embed a Hopenhayn (1992) model of firm entry and exit and embed this in a static multisector trade model with monop) develops a model with plant dynamics to match entry and exit rates in US manufacturing. I do

  15. Fitting Tweedie's Compound Poisson Model to Insurance Claims Data: Dispersion Modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smyth, Gordon K.

    . Smyth Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Australia Bent Jørgensen, dispersion modelling, double generalized linear models, power variance function, REML, risk theory of Medical Research, Post Office, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, VIC 3050, Australia 1 #12

  16. Linear Accelerator

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your HomeLatestCenter (LMI-EFRC) -Choices toLeeLinear Accelerator

  17. Petascale Atmospheric General Circulation Models R. D. Nair and H. M. Tufo#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Ramachandran D.

    ) into an Earth system model will require a highly scalable and accurate flux-form formulation of the dynamics

  18. Heisenberg XXX Model with General Boundaries: Eigenvectors from Algebraic Bethe Ansatz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuel Belliard; Nicolas Crampé

    2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a generalization of the algebraic Bethe ansatz to obtain the eigenvectors of the Heisenberg spin chain with general boundaries associated to the eigenvalues and the Bethe equations found recently by Cao et al. The ansatz takes the usual form of a product of operators acting on a particular vector except that the number of operators is equal to the length of the chain. We prove this result for the chains with small length. We obtain also an off-shell equation (i.e. satisfied without the Bethe equations) formally similar to the ones obtained in the periodic case or with diagonal boundaries.

  19. Heisenberg XXX model with general boundaries: Eigenvectors from Algebraic Bethe ansatz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belliard, S

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a generalization of the algebraic Bethe ansatz to obtain the eigenvectors of the Heisenberg spin chain with general boundaries associated to the eigenvalues and the Bethe equations found recently by Cao et al. The ansatz takes the usual form of a product of operators acting on a particular vector except that the number of operators is equal to the length of the chain. We prove this result for the chains with small length. We obtain also an off-shell equation (i.e. satisfied without the Bethe equations) formally similar to the ones obtained in the periodic case or with diagonal boundaries.

  20. Technical report on the General Electric model #1 electrostatic electron microscope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Druce, Albert J

    1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    screen Vacuum Chamber' Figi 5. Sectionalized View of the Lens System of the General Electric Electron microscope. which is held in place with the micalex insulatoz s is a source of many difficulties. Ii' the combination of the insulators and central..., or if desired to give the beam a diverging angle with the optical axis. The filament of the General Electric Electron Gun is heated with 60 cycle alternating current. This gives rise to an alternat1ng field about the f1lament which will deflect...

  1. Intelligent Allocation of Network Bandwidth: A Comparison of Two Generalized Particle Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Francis C.M.

    the allocation is not changed until the price reaches equilibrium. The other one is the economic generalized and further development of the OGPM, which comprises two major components: (1) dynamic allocation of network bandwidth based on GPM; and (2) dynamic modulation of price and demands of network bandwidth. The two

  2. A general purpose Fortran 90 electronic structure program for conjugated systems using Pariser-Parr-Pople model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sony, Priya

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pariser-Parr-Pople (P-P-P) model Hamiltonian has been used extensively over the years to perform calculations of electronic structure and optical properties of $\\pi$-conjugated systems successfully. In spite of tremendous successes of \\emph{ab initio} theory of electronic structure of large systems, the P-P-P model continues to be a popular one because of a recent resurgence in interest in the physics of $\\pi$-conjugated polymers, fullerenes and other carbon based materials. In this paper, we describe a Fortran 90 computer program developed by us, which uses P-P-P model Hamiltonian to not only solve Hartree-Fock (HF) equation for closed- and open-shell systems, but also for performing correlation calculations at the level of single configuration interactions (SCI) for molecular systems. Moreover, the code is capable of computing linear optical absorption spectrum at various levels, such as, tight binding (TB) Hueckel model, HF, SCI, and also of calculating the band structure using the Hueckel model. The code ...

  3. Electric and Weak Electric Dipole Form Factors for Heavy Fermions in a General Two Higgs Doublet Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Gomez-Dumm; G. A. Gonzalez-Sprinberg

    1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The electric and weak electric dipole form factors for heavy fermions are calculated in the context of the most general two-Higgs-doublet model (2HDM). We find that the large top mass can produce a significant enhancement of the electric dipole form factor in the case of the b and c quarks. This effect can be used to distinguish between different 2HDM scenarios.

  4. Carbon-nitrogen interactions regulate climate-carbon cycle feedbacks: results from an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, P. E.; Doney, S. C.; Lindsay, Keith; Moore, J. K.; Mahowald, N. M.; Randerson, J. T.; Fung, I.; Lamarque, J. F.; Feddema, Johannes J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biogeosciences, 6, 2099–2120, 2009 www.biogeosciences.net/6/2099/2009/ © Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Biogeosciences Carbon-nitrogen interactions regulate climate-carbon cycle feedbacks.... Inclusion of fundamental ecological interactions between carbon and nitrogen cycles in the land component of an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model (AOGCM) leads to decreased carbon uptake associated with CO2 fertil- ization, and increased carbon...

  5. Mott Insulator-Superfluid Transition in a Generalized Bose-Hubbard Model with Topologically Non-trivial Flat-Band

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing-Hai Zhang; Su-Peng Kou

    2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we studied a generalized Bose-Hubbard model on a checkerboard lattice with topologically nontrivial flat-band. We used mean-field method to decouple the model Hamiltonian and obtained phase diagram by Landau theory of second-order phase transition. We further calculate the energy gap and the dispersion of quasi-particle or quasi-hole in Mott insulator state and found that in strong interaction limit the quasi-particles or the quasi-holes also have flat bands.

  6. Warped DGP model in warm intermediate inflation with a general dissipative coefficient in light of BICEP2 and Planck results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramon Herrera; Nelson Videla; Marco Olivares

    2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A warm inflationary universe scenario on a warped Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati brane during intermediate inflation is studied. We consider a general form for the dissipative coefficient $\\Gamma(T,\\phi)\\propto T^{m}/\\phi^{m-1}$, and also study this model in the weak and strong dissipative regimes. We analyze the evolution of the universe in the slow-roll approximation, and find the exact solutions to the equations of motion. In both regimes, we utilize recent data from the BICEP2 experiment and also from the Planck satellite to constrain the parameters in our model in accordance with the theory of cosmological perturbations.

  7. Improved Indoor Tracking Based on Generalized t-Distribution Noise Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuo, Liu; Le, Yin; Khuen, Ho Weng; Voon, Ling Keck

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    log-distance path loss model (PLM) is commonly used [20]. Itclustered near the fitted PLM curve. B. Tracking of A Moving

  8. Integration of D-dimensional 2-factor spaces cosmological models by reducing to the generalized Emden-Fowler equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. R. Gavrilov; V. N. Melnikov

    1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The D-dimensional cosmological model on the manifold $M = R \\times M_{1} \\times M_{2}$ describing the evolution of 2 Einsteinian factor spaces, $M_1$ and $M_2$, in the presence of multicomponent perfect fluid source is considered. The barotropic equation of state for mass-energy densities and the pressures of the components is assumed in each space. When the number of the non Ricci-flat factor spaces and the number of the perfect fluid components are both equal to 2, the Einstein equations for the model are reduced to the generalized Emden-Fowler (second-order ordinary differential) equation, which has been recently investigated by Zaitsev and Polyanin within discrete-group analysis. Using the integrable classes of this equation one generates the integrable cosmological models. The corresponding metrics are presented. The method is demonstrated for the special model with Ricci-flat spaces $M_1,M_2$ and the 2-component perfect fluid source.

  9. Non-linear Poisson-Boltzmann Theory for Swollen Clays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. J. F. Leote de Carvalho; E. Trizac; J. P Hansen

    1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The non-linear Poisson-Boltzmann equation for a circular, uniformly charged platelet, confined together with co- and counter-ions to a cylindrical cell, is solved semi-analytically by transforming it into an integral equation and solving the latter iteratively. This method proves efficient, robust, and can be readily generalized to other problems based on cell models, treated within non-linear Poisson-like theory. The solution to the PB equation is computed over a wide range of physical conditions, and the resulting osmotic equation of state is shown to be in fair agreement with recent experimental data for Laponite clay suspensions, in the concentrated gel phase.

  10. A new general model with non-spherical interactions for dense polymer systems and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heermann, Dieter W.

    parametrization for Bisphenol-A-Polycarbonate Klaus M. Zimmer, Andreas Linke and Dieter W. Heermann Institut fur modeling of the monomer units. We apply the model to the special case of Bisphenol-A-Polycarbonate BPA on the thermodynamic properties of polycarbonate systems. We will also present properties and e ciency considerations

  11. The martian mesosphere as revealed by CO2 cloud observations and General Circulation Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spiga, Aymeric

    a rare dataset of mesospheric winds. We compare the mesospheric zonal winds pre- dicted by the model by the model. Ã? 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction While the formation of CO2 clouds observations on board Mars Global Surveyor (Clancy et al., 2004, 2007), and later confirmed by THEMIS-VIS (Mc

  12. A GENERAL CIRCULATION MODEL FOR GASEOUS EXOPLANETS WITH DOUBLE-GRAY RADIATIVE TRANSFER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rauscher, Emily [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1629 East University Boulevard, Tucson, AZ 85721-0092 (United States); Menou, Kristen [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

    2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new version of our code for modeling the atmospheric circulation on gaseous exoplanets, now employing a 'double-gray' radiative transfer scheme, which self-consistently solves for fluxes and heating throughout the atmosphere, including the emerging (observable) infrared flux. We separate the radiation into infrared and optical components, each with its own absorption coefficient, and solve standard two-stream radiative transfer equations. We use a constant optical absorption coefficient, while the infrared coefficient can scale as a power law with pressure; however, for simplicity, the results shown in this paper use a constant infrared coefficient. Here we describe our new code in detail and demonstrate its utility by presenting a generic hot Jupiter model. We discuss issues related to modeling the deepest pressures of the atmosphere and describe our use of the diffusion approximation for radiative fluxes at high optical depths. In addition, we present new models using a simple form for magnetic drag on the atmosphere. We calculate emitted thermal phase curves and find that our drag-free model has the brightest region of the atmosphere offset by {approx}12 Degree-Sign from the substellar point and a minimum flux that is 17% of the maximum, while the model with the strongest magnetic drag has an offset of only {approx}2 Degree-Sign and a ratio of 13%. Finally, we calculate rates of numerical loss of kinetic energy at {approx}15% for every model except for our strong-drag model, where there is no measurable loss; we speculate that this is due to the much decreased wind speeds in that model.

  13. Superconformal generalization of the chaotic inflation model ?/4?{sup 4} - ?/2?{sup 2}R

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kallosh, Renata; Linde, Andrei, E-mail: kallosh@stanford.edu, E-mail: alinde@stanford.edu [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A model of chaotic inflation based on the theory of a scalar field with potential ??{sup 4} perfectly matches the observational data if one adds to it a tiny non-minimal coupling to gravity -?/2?{sup 2} R with ??>0.002. We describe embedding of this model into the superconformal theory with spontaneous breaking of superconformal symmetry, and into supergravity. A model with small ? is technically natural: setting the small parameter ? to zero leads to a point of enhanced symmetry in the underlying superconformal theory.

  14. Competing mechanisms of chiral symmetry breaking in a generalized Gross-Neveu model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boehmer, Christian; Thies, Michael [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik III, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Chiral symmetry of the 2-dimensional chiral Gross-Neveu model is broken explicitly by a bare mass term as well as a splitting of scalar and pseudoscalar coupling constants. The vacuum and light hadrons--mesons and baryons which become massless in the chiral limit--are explored analytically in leading order of the derivative expansion by means of a double sine-Gordon equation. Depending on the parameters, this model features new phenomena as compared to previously investigated 4-fermion models: spontaneous breaking of parity, a nontrivial chiral vacuum angle, twisted kinklike baryons whose baryon number reflects the vacuum angle, crystals with alternating baryons, and appearance of a false vacuum.

  15. Adapting a Beam-Based Rotordynamics Model to Accept a General Three-Dimensional Finite-Element Casing Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Stephen M.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    -dimensional axisymmetric beam-element code. ANSYS is used as a code to build three-dimensional non-axisymmetric solid-element casing models. The work done in this thesis opens the scope to incorporate complex non-axisymmetric casing models with XLTRC2....

  16. Adapting a Beam-Based Rotordynamics Model to Accept a General Three-Dimensional Finite-Element Casing Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Stephen M.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The subject of this thesis is an extension of a two-dimensional, axisymmetric, Timoshenko-beam finite-element rotordynamic code to include a three-dimensional non-axisymmetric solid-element casing model. Axisymmetric beams are sufficient to model...

  17. Cosmological Imprints of a Generalized Chaplygin Gas Model for the Early Universe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bouhmadi-Lopez, Mariam; /Lisbon, CENTRA; Chen, Pisin; /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Liu, Yen-Wei; /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U.

    2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a phenomenological model for the early universe where there is a smooth transition between an early quintessence phase and a radiation-dominated era. The matter content is modeled by an appropriately modified Chaplygin gas for the early universe. We constrain the model observationally by mapping the primordial power spectrum of the scalar perturbations to the latest data of WMAP7. We compute as well the spectrum of the primordial gravitational waves as would be measured today. We show that the high frequencies region of the spectrum depends on the free parameter of the model and most importantly this region of the spectrum can be within the reach of future gravitational waves detectors.

  18. OLAF _ A General Modeling System to Evaluate and Optimize the Location of an Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fliege, Jörg

    ........................17 3.1.1The Standard Model ....................17 3.1.2Metabolism.1.2The Objective Function ..................40 5.1.3The Gradient of the Objective Function

  19. A general model of resource production and exchange in systems of interdependent specialists.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conrad, Stephen Hamilton; Finley, Patrick D.; Beyeler, Walter Eugene; Brown, Theresa Jean; Glass, Robert John, Jr.; Breen, Peter; Kuypers, Marshall; Norton, Matthew David; Quach, Tu-Thach; Antognoli, Matthew; Mitchell, Michael David

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Infrastructures are networks of dynamically interacting systems designed for the flow of information, energy, and materials. Under certain circumstances, disturbances from a targeted attack or natural disasters can cause cascading failures within and between infrastructures that result in significant service losses and long recovery times. Reliable interdependency models that can capture such multi-network cascading do not exist. The research reported here has extended Sandia's infrastructure modeling capabilities by: (1) addressing interdependencies among networks, (2) incorporating adaptive behavioral models into the network models, and (3) providing mechanisms for evaluating vulnerability to targeted attack and unforeseen disruptions. We have applied these capabilities to evaluate the robustness of various systems, and to identify factors that control the scale and duration of disruption. This capability lays the foundation for developing advanced system security solutions that encompass both external shocks and internal dynamics.

  20. Self-repelling fractional Brownian motion - a generalized Edwards model for chain polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jinky Bornales; Maria João Oliveira; Ludwig Streit

    2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an extension of the Edwards model for conformations of individual chain molecules in solvents in terms of fractional Brownian motion, and discuss the excluded volume effect on the end-to-end length of such trajectories or molecules.

  1. General calculation model for reflection and transmission matrices of nanowire end facets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svendsen, Guro K; Skaar, Johannes

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanowires show a large potential for various electrooptical devices, such as light emitting diodes, solar cells and nanowire lasers. We present a direct method developed to calculate the modal reflection and transmission matrix at the end facets of a waveguide of arbitrary cross section, resulting in a generalized version of the Fresnel equations. The reflection can be conveniently computed using Fast Fourier Transforms. We demonstrate that the reflection is qualitatively described by two main parameters, the modal field confinement and the average Fresnel reflection of the plane waves constituting the waveguide mode.

  2. Enabling Differentiated Services Using Generalized Power Control Model in Optical Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Quanyan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers a generalized framework to study OSNR optimization-based end-to-end link level power control problems in optical networks. We combine favorable features of game-theoretical approach and central cost approach to allow different service groups within the network. We develop solutions concepts for both cases of empty and nonempty feasible sets. In addition, we derive and prove the convergence of a distributed iterative algorithm for different classes of users. In the end, we use numerical examples to illustrate the novel framework.

  3. Using Linear Genetic Programming to Develop a C/C++ Simulation Model of a Waste Incinerator. Larry M Deschaine PE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    /C++ computer simulation model that mimics the performance of the concentrations of carbon dioxide. It #12;involves variable input material properties (solids, liquids and gaseous), high temperature, large

  4. Planning under uncertainty solving large-scale stochastic linear programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Infanger, G. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Operations Research Technische Univ., Vienna (Austria). Inst. fuer Energiewirtschaft)

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For many practical problems, solutions obtained from deterministic models are unsatisfactory because they fail to hedge against certain contingencies that may occur in the future. Stochastic models address this shortcoming, but up to recently seemed to be intractable due to their size. Recent advances both in solution algorithms and in computer technology now allow us to solve important and general classes of practical stochastic problems. We show how large-scale stochastic linear programs can be efficiently solved by combining classical decomposition and Monte Carlo (importance) sampling techniques. We discuss the methodology for solving two-stage stochastic linear programs with recourse, present numerical results of large problems with numerous stochastic parameters, show how to efficiently implement the methodology on a parallel multi-computer and derive the theory for solving a general class of multi-stage problems with dependency of the stochastic parameters within a stage and between different stages.

  5. Democratic neutrino mass matrix from generalized Fridberg-Lee model with the perturbative solar mass splitting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Razzaghi, N

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a phenomenological model of the Dirac neutrino mass matrix based on the Fridberg-Lee neutrino mass model at a special point. In this case, the Fridberg-Lee model reduces to the Democratic mass matrix with the $S_3$ permutation family symmetry. The Democratic mass matrix has an experimentally unfavored degenerate mass spectrum on the base of tribimaximal mixing matrix. We rescue the model to find a nondegenerate mass spectrum by adding the breaking mass term as preserving the twisted Fridberg-Lee symmetry. The tribimaximal mixing matrix can be also realized. Exact tribimaximal mixing leads to $\\theta_{13}=0$. However, the results from Daya Bay and RENO experiments have established a nonzero value for $\\theta_{13}$. Keeping the leading behavior of $U$ as tribimaximal, we use Broken Democratic neutrino mass model. We characterize a perturbation mass matrix which is responsible for a nonzero $\\theta_{13}$ along with CP violation, besides the solar neutrino mass splitting has been resulted from it. We c...

  6. Cloud/Aerosol Parameterizations: Application and Improvement of General Circulation Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Penner, Joyce

    2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the biggest uncertainties associated with climate models and climate forcing is the treatment of aerosols and their effects on clouds. The effect of aerosols on clouds can be divided into two components: The first indirect effect is the forcing associated with increases in droplet concentrations; the second indirect effect is the forcing associated with changes in liquid water path, cloud morphology, and cloud lifetime. Both are highly uncertain. This project applied a cloud-resolving model to understand the response of clouds under a variety of conditions to changes in aerosols. These responses are categorized according to the large-scale meteorological conditions that lead to the response. Meteorological conditions were sampled from various fields, which, together with a global aerosol model determination of the change in aerosols from present day to pre-industrial conditions, was used to determine a first order estimate of the response of global cloud fields to changes in aerosols. The response of the clouds in the NCAR CAM3 GCM coupled to our global aerosol model were tested by examining whether the response is similar to that of the cloud resolving model and methods for improving the representation of clouds and cloud/aerosol interactions were examined.

  7. Local rules for protein folding on a triangular lattice and generalized hydrophobicity in the HP model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwala, R. [National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States); Batzoglou, S. [MIT Lab. for Computer Science, Cambridge, MA (United States); Dancik, V. [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)] [and others

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A long standing problem in molecular biology is to determine the three-dimensional structure of a protein, given its amino acid sequence. A variety of simplifying models have been proposed abstracting only the {open_quotes}essential physical properties{close_quotes} of real proteins. In these models, the three dimensional space is often represented by a lattice. Residues which are adjacent in the primary sequence (i.e. covalently linked) must be placed at adjacent points in the lattice. A conformation of a protein is simply a self-avoiding walk along the lattice. The protein folding problem STRING-FOLD is that of finding a conformation of the protein sequence on the lattice such that the overall energy is minimized, for some reasonable definition of energy. This formulation leaves open the choices of a lattice and an energy function. Once these choices are made, one may then address the algorithmic complexity of optimizing the energy function for the lattice. For a variety of such simple models, this minimization problem is in fact NP-hard. In this paper, we consider the Hydrophobic-Polar (HP) Model introduced by Dill. The HP model abstracts the problem by grouping the 20 amino acids into two classes: hydrophobic (or non-polar) residues and hydrophilic (or polar) residues. For concreteness, we will take our input to be a string from (H,P){sup +}, where P represents polar residues, and H represents hydrophobic residues. Dill et.al. survey the literature analyzing this model. 8 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  8. ENGI 3423 Simple Linear Regression Page 12-01 Simple Linear Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Glyn

    for dealing with non-linear regression are available in the course text, but are beyond the scopeENGI 3423 Simple Linear Regression Page 12-01 Simple Linear Regression Sometimes an experiment predict the value of Y for that value of x . The simple linear regression model is that the predicted

  9. Internal noise driven generalized Langevin equation from a nonlocal continuum model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saikat Sarkar; Shubhankar Roy Chowdhury; Debasish Roy; Ram Mohan Vasu

    2015-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Starting with a micropolar formulation, known to account for nonlocal microstructural effects at the continuum level, a generalized Langevin equation (GLE) for a particle, describing the predominant motion of a localized region through a single displacement degree-of-freedom (DOF), is derived. The GLE features a memory dependent multiplicative or internal noise, which appears upon recognising that the micro-rotation variables possess randomness owing to an uncertainty principle. Unlike its classical version, the new GLE qualitatively reproduces the experimentally measured fluctuations in the steady-state mean square displacement of scattering centers in a polyvinyl alcohol slab. The origin of the fluctuations is traced to nonlocal spatial interactions within the continuum. A constraint equation, similar to a fluctuation dissipation theorem (FDT), is shown to statistically relate the internal noise to the other parameters in the GLE.

  10. Separating expansion from contraction: generalized TOV condition, LTB models with pressure and CDM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , we adopt the Generalised Painlevé-Gullstrand (hereafter GPG) formalism used in Lasky & Lun [6], which TO LTB MODELS IN GPG SYSTEM We consider a spherically symmetric Generalised Lemaître-Tolman-Bondi metric to include pressure. Performing an ADM 3+1 splitting in the GPG coordinates [6] , the metric reads ds2 = -(t

  11. Description of FLIPSIM V: a General Firm Level Policy Simulation Model.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, James W.; Nixon, Clair J.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ................................................ 25 Subroutine FINAN .. .. ............................ . ................ 26 Subroutine LANDVL ............................................... 26 Subroutine DEPREC .............. . ................................. 27 Subroutine LEASE... the flexibility to lease farm machinery, and (g) adding a quadratic programming algorithm to determine crop mix. The model was .developed to allow analysis of the probable consequences of' alternative farm policies and income tax developments on typical...

  12. Multiple sea-ice states and abrupt MOC transitions in a general circulation ocean model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashkenazy, Yossi "Yosef"

    represent present-day and cold-climate conditions. In each case the ocean model is initiated with both ice of about three degrees in latitude between the different runs is observed. The cold climate runs lead. Mirzayof Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, BIDR, Ben-Gurion University, 84990 Midreshet

  13. A Generalized Cohesive Zone Model of Peel Test for Pressure Sensitive Adhesives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Liang

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    study, the mechanics of the peel test is analyzed based on a cohesive zone model. Cohesive failure is assumed to prevail in the vicinity of the peel front, that is, the adhesive fails not by debonding from the adherends but by splitting of the adhesive...

  14. General Auction Mechanism for Search Advertising Gagan Aggarwal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    -optimal stable matching exists as well. We give an algo- rithm to find such matching in polynomial time, and use of the Generalized Second Price (GSP) being widely used in practice. There is a rich body of work on bipartite- signment model with linear utilities, extended with bidder and item specific maximum and minimum prices

  15. CALCULATED THERMALLY INDUCED DISPLACEMENTS AND STRESSES FOR HEATER EXPERIMENTS AT STRIPA, SWEDEN. LINEAR THEFMOELASTIC MODELS USING CONSTANT MATERIAL PROPERTIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, T.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modeling for variable rock properties and discontinuities5.2.1. Laboratory rock properties 5.2.2. Discontinuities andand Board, M. 1980. "Rock Properties and Their on Thermally

  16. Models of thin discs and spheroidal haloes with masses in a linear relationship: mass estimates for NGC4389 and UGC6969

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillermo A. González; J. Ibáñez; Jerson I. Reina

    2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A family of models of thin discs and spheroidal haloes with masses in a linear relationship is presented. The models are obtained by considering the gravitational potential as the superposition of two independent components, a potential generated by the thin galactic disc and a potential generated by the spheroidal halo. The models leads to an expression for the circular velocity that can be adjusted very accurately to the observed rotation curves of some specific galaxies, in such a way that the models are stable against radial and vertical perturbations. Two particular models for galaxies NGC4389 and UGC6969 are obtained by adjusting the circular velocity with data taken from the recent paper by Verheijen & Sancici (2001). The values of the halo mass, the disc mass and the total mass for these two galaxies are computed in such a way that we obtain a very narrow interval of values for these quantities. Furthermore, the values of masses here obtained are in perfect agreement with the expected order of magnitude and with the relative order of magnitude between the halo mass and the disc mass.

  17. The general QCD parametrization and the hierarchy of its parameters. (Why some simple models of hadrons work so well)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Dillon; G. Morpurgo

    2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    After summarizing the basic points of the general QCD parametrization (GP) we discuss systematically its applications to the properties of the lowest families of baryons and mesons. We show how the hierarchy of the parameters in the GP emerges clearly in the properties of hadrons. Among other things, it explains why simple models can work reasonably well and clarifies the relationship between current and constituent quarks. More details on the hadron properties discussed with the GP appear from the list of secrions at the beginning of the paper.

  18. Electric Dipole moments of charged leptons and lepton flavor violating interactions in the general two Higgs Doublet model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. O. Iltan

    2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the electric dipole moment of electron using the experimental result of muon electric dipole moment and upper limit of the BR(\\mu --> e\\gamma) in the framework of the general two Higgs doublet model. Our prediction is 10^{-32} e-cm, which lies in the experimental current limits. Further, we obtain constraints for the Yukawa couplings \\bar{\\xi}^{D}_{N,\\tau e} and \\bar{\\xi}^{D}_{N,\\tau\\mu}. Finally we present an expression which connects the BR(\\tau\\to \\mu\\gamma) and the electric dipole moment of \\tau-lepton and study the relation between these physical quantities.

  19. ISO-SWS calibration and the accurate modelling of cool-star atmospheres - II. General results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Decin; B. Vandenbussche; C. Waelkens; K. Eriksson; B. Gustafsson; B. Plez; A. J. Sauval; K. Hinkle

    2002-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The fine calibration of the ISO-SWS detectors (Infrared Space Observatory - Short Wavelength Spectrometer) has proven to be a delicate problem. We therefore present a detailed spectroscopic study in the 2.38 -- 12 micron wavelength range of a sample of 16 A0 -- M2 stars used for the calibration of ISO-SWS. By investigating the discrepancies between the ISO-SWS data of these sources, the theoretical predictions of their spectra, the high-resolution FTS-KP (Kitt Peak) spectrum of Alpha Boo and the solar FTS-ATMOS (Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy) spectrum, both calibration problems and problems in computing the theoretical models and the synthetic spectra are revealed. The underlying reasons for these problems are sought for and the impact on the further calibration of ISO-SWS and on the theoretical modelling is discussed extensively.

  20. Towards a general analysis of LHC data within two-Higgs-doublet models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Celis, Alejandro; Pich, Antonio

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The data accumulated so far confirm the Higgs-like nature of the new boson discovered at the LHC. The Standard Model Higgs hypothesis is compatible with the collider results and no significant deviations from the Standard Model have been observed neither in the flavour sector nor in electroweak precision observables. We update the LHC and Tevatron constraints on CP-conserving two-Higgs-doublet models without tree-level flavour-changing neutral currents. While the relative sign between the top Yukawa and the gauge coupling of the $126$ GeV Higgs is found be the same as in the SM, at $90%$ CL, there is a sign degeneracy in the determination of its bottom and tau Yukawa couplings. This results in several disjoint allowed regions in the parameter space. We show how generic sum rules governing the scalar couplings determine the properties of the additional Higgs bosons in the different allowed regions. The role of electroweak precision observables, low-energy flavour constraints and LHC searches for additional sca...

  1. A spherically symmetric and stationary universe from a weak modification of general relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Corda; Herman J. Mosquera Cuesta

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that a weak modification of general relativity, in the linearized approach, renders a spherically symmetric and stationary model of the universe. This is due to the presence of a third mode of polarization in the linearized gravity in which a "curvature" energy term is present. Such an energy can, in principle, be identified as the Dark Energy. The model can also help to a better understanding of the framework of the Einstein-Vlasov system.

  2. Competing Pairing Symmetries in a Generalized Two-Orbital Model for the Pnictide Superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicholson, Andrew D [ORNL; Ge, Weihao [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Zhang, Xiaotian [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Riera, J. A. [Universidad Nacional de Rosario; Daghofer, M. [IFW Dresden; Olés, Andrzej M. [Max-Planck-Institut fur Feskorperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany; Martins, G. B. [Oakland University, Rochester, MI; Moreo, Adriana [ORNL; Dagotto, Elbio R [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce and study an extended t-U-J two-orbital model for the pnictides that includes Heisenberg terms deduced from the strong coupling expansion. Including these J terms explicitly allows us to enhance the strength of the %;0 - 0;% spin order which favors the presence of tightly bound pairing states even in the small clusters that are here exactly diagonalized. The A1g and B2g pairing symmetries are found to compete in the realistic spin-ordered and metallic regime. The dynamical pairing susceptibility additionally unveils low-lying B1g states, suggesting that small changes in parameters may render any of the three channels stable.

  3. The International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory 00 (2013) 119 Linear-Quadratic Model Predictive Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazarathy, Yoni

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    al., 1996). The more recent works on traffic control systems have adopted results of modern control responsibility of Delft University of Technology Keywords: Model Predictive Control, Intelligent Transport System, Congestion Control 1. Introduction Increasing population and economic activities in modern societies have led

  4. Set Linear Algebra and Set Fuzzy Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral

    2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In this book, the authors define the new notion of set vector spaces which is the most generalized form of vector spaces. Set vector spaces make use of the least number of algebraic operations, therefore, even a non-mathematician is comfortable working with it. It is with the passage of time, that we can think of set linear algebras as a paradigm shift from linear algebras. Here, the authors have also given the fuzzy parallels of these new classes of set linear algebras. This book is divided into seven chapters. The first chapter briefly recalls some of the basic concepts in order to make this book self-contained. Chapter two introduces the notion of set vector spaces which is the most generalized concept of vector spaces. Set vector spaces lends itself to define new classes of vector spaces like semigroup vector spaces and group vector spaces. These are also generalization of vector spaces. The fuzzy analogue of these concepts are given in Chapter three. In Chapter four, set vector spaces are generalized to biset bivector spaces and not set vector spaces. This is done taking into account the advanced information technology age in which we live. As mathematicians, we have to realize that our computer-dominated world needs special types of sets and algebraic structures. Set n-vector spaces and their generalizations are carried out in Chapter five. Fuzzy n-set vector spaces are introduced in the sixth chapter. The seventh chapter suggests more than three hundred problems.

  5. A general methodology for quantum modeling of free-energy profile of reactions in solution: An application to the Menshutkin NH3 CH3Cl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truong, Thanh N.

    A general methodology for quantum modeling of free-energy profile of reactions in solution methodology for calculating free-energy profile of reaction in solution using quantum mechanical methods screening model GCOSMO was employed in this study, though any continuum model with existing free-energy

  6. A cell model for homogenization of fiber-reinforced composites: General theory and nonlinear elasticity effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aidun, J.B.; Addessio, F.L.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The theoretical basis of the homogenization technique developed by Aboudi is presented and assessed. Given the constitutive relations of the constituents, this technique provides an equivalent, homogeneous, constitutive model of unidirectional, continuous-fiber-reinforced composites. The expressions that comprise the first-order version of the technique are given special attention as this treatment has considerable practical value. Nonlinear elasticity effects are added to it. This extension increases the accuracy of numerical simulations of high strain-rate loadings. It is particularly important for any dynamic loading in which shock waves might be produced, including crash safety, armor, and munitions applications. Examples illustrate that elastic nonlinearity can make substantial contributions at strains of only a few per cent. These contributions are greatest during post-yield inelastic deformation. The micromechanics-based homogenization technique is shown to facilitate use of an efficient approximate treatment of elastic nonlinearity in composites with isotropic matrix materials.

  7. Computational Reality XIII Non-linear regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    Computational Reality XIII Non-linear regression Inverse analysis II B. Emek Abali @ LKM - TU Berlin Abstract Linear regression to fit and determine parameters, shown in the last tutorial, is quite useful and widely implemented, however, there are material models where parameters are coupled non-linearly

  8. Spin-chain with PSU(2|2)xU(1)^3 and Non-linear Sigma-model with D(2,1;gamma)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shogo Aoyama; Yuco Honda

    2015-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose that the spin-chain with the PSU(2|2)xU(1)^3 symmetry is equivalent to the non-linear sigma-model on PSU(2|2)xU(1)^3/{HxU(1)} with a certain subgroup. To this end we show that the spin-variable of the former theory is identified as the Killing scalar of the latter and their correlation functions can have the same integrability. It is crucial to think that the respective theory gets the PSU(2|2)xU(1)^3 symmetry by a symmetry reduction the exceptional supergroup D(2,1;gamma), rather than by an extension of PSU(2|2).

  9. LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH SIGNOBSERVATIONS \\Lambda EE SCHWARZSCHILD AND EDUARDO D. SONTAG y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    of symbolic processing. Classical control techniques, especially for linear systems, have proved spec for the resulting models. Successful approaches will eventually allow the interplay of modern control theory into areas such as discrete­event systems, supervisory control, and more generally ``intelligent control

  10. A General Relativistic Model for Magnetic Monopole-Infused Compact Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zoran Pazameta

    2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Emergent concepts from astroparticle physics are incorporated into a classical solution of the Einstein-Maxwell equations for a binary magnetohydrodynamic fluid, in order to describe the final equilibrium state of compact objects infused with magnetic monopoles produced by proton-proton collisions within the intense dipolar magnetic fields generated by these objects during their collapse. It is found that the effective mass of such an object's acquired monopolar magnetic field is three times greater than the mass of its native fluid and monopoles combined, necessitating that the interior matter undergo a transition to a state of negative pressure in order to attain equilibrium. Assuming full symmetry between the electric and magnetic Maxwell equations yields expressions for the monopole charge density and magnetic field by direct analogy with their electrostatic equivalents; inserting these into the Einstein equations then leads to an interior metric which is well-behaved from the origin to the surface, where it matches smoothly to an exterior magnetic Reissner-Nordstr\\"om metric free of any coordinate pathologies. The source fields comprising the model are all described by simple, well-behaved polynomial functions of the radial coordinate, and are combined with straightforward regularity conditions to yield expressions delimiting several fundamental physical parameters pertaining to this hypothetical astrophysical object.

  11. Application of linear multiple model predictive control (MMPC) framework towards dynamic maximazation of oxygen yield in an elevated-pressure air separation unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahapatra, P.; Zitney, S.; Bequette, B. Wayne

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a typical air separation unit (ASU) utilizing either a simple gaseous oxygen (GOX) cycle or a pumped liquid oxygen (PLOX) cycle, the flowrate of liquid nitrogen (LN2) stream connecting high-pressure and low-pressure ASU columns plays an important role in the total oxygen yield. It has been observed that this yield reaches a maximum at a certain optimal flowrate of LN2 stream. At nominal full-load operation, the flowrate of LN2 stream is maintained near this optimum value, whereas at part-load conditions this flowrate is typically modified in proportion with the load-change (oxygen demand) through a ratio/feed-forward controller. Due to nonlinearity in the entire ASU process, the ratio-modified LN2 flowrate does not guarantee an optimal oxygen yield at part-load conditions. This is further exacerbated when process disturbances in form of “cold-box” heat-leaks enter the system. To address this problem of dynamically maximizing the oxygen yield while the ASU undergoes a load-change and/or a process disturbance, a multiple model predictive control (MMPC) algorithm is proposed. This approach has been used in previous studies to handle large ramp-rates of oxygen demand posed by the gasifier in an IGCC plant. In this study, the proposed algorithm uses linear step-response “blackbox” models surrounding the operating points corresponding to maximum oxygen yield points at different loads. It has been shown that at any operating point of the ASU, the MMPC algorithm, through model-weight calculation based on plant measurements, naturally and continuously selects the dominant model(s) corresponding to the current plant state, while making control-move decisions that approach the maximum oxygen yield point. This dynamically facilitates less energy consumption in form of compressed feed-air compared to a simple ratio control during load-swings. In addition, since a linear optimization problem is solved at each time step, the approach involves much less computational cost compared to a firstprinciple based nonlinear MPC. Introduction

  12. n-Linear Algebra of type I and its applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

    2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    With the advent of computers, one needs algebraic structures that can simultaneously work with bulk data. One such algebraic structure, namely, n-linear algebras of type I are introduced in this book and its applications to n-Markov chains and n-Leontief models are given. These structures can be thought of as the generalization of bilinear algebras and bivector spaces. Several interesting n-linear algebra properties are proved. This book has four chapters. The first chapter just introduces n-group which is essential for the definition of n-vector spaces and n-linear algebras of type I. Chapter two gives the notion of n-vector spaces and several related results which are analogues of the classical linear algebra theorems. In case of n-vector spaces, we can define several types of linear transformations. The notion of n-best approximations can be used for error correction in coding theory. The notion of n-eigen values can be used in deterministic modal superposition principle for undamped structures, which can find its applications in finite element analysis of mechanical structures with uncertain parameters. Further, it is suggested that the concept of n-matrices can be used in real world problems which adopts fuzzy models like Fuzzy Cognitive Maps, Fuzzy Relational Equations and Bidirectional Associative Memories. The applications of these algebraic structures are given in the third chapter. The fourth chapter suggests problems to further a reader's understanding of the subject.

  13. The generalized parton distribution functions and the nucleon spin sum rules in the chiral quark soliton model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Wakamatsu; H. Tsujimoto

    2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The theoretical predictions are given for the forward limit of the unpolarized spin-flip isovector generalized parton distribution function $(E^u - E^d)(x, \\xi, t)$ within the framework of the chiral quark soliton model, with full inclusion of the polarization of Dirac sea quarks. We observe that $[(H^u - H^d) + (E^u - E^d)](x,0,0)$ has a sharp peak around $x=0$, which we interpret as a signal of the importance of the pionic $q \\bar{q}$ excitation with large spatial extension in the transverse direction. Another interesting indication given by the predicted distribution in combination with Ji's angular momentum sum rule is that the $\\bar{d}$-quark carries more angular momentum than the $\\bar{u}$-quark in the proton, which may have some relation with the physics of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule.

  14. MATH 511: Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. T. Moh

    2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    goal of this course is to enable you to recognize linear algebra problems ... descriptions of other people's solutions to problems that use linear algebra and to

  15. Constraining H{sub 0} in general dark energy models from Sunyaev-Zeldovich/X-ray technique and complementary probes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holanda, R.F.L.; Lima, J.A.S. [Departamento de Astronomia (IAGUSP), Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão 1226, 05508-900, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Cunha, J.V. [Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, Rua Santa Adélia 166, 09210-170, Santo André, SP (Brazil); Marassi, L., E-mail: holanda@astro.iag.usp.br, E-mail: jvcunha@ufpa.br, E-mail: luciomarassi@ect.ufrn.br, E-mail: limajas@astro.iag.usp.br [Escola de Ciência e Tecnologia, UFRN, 59072-970, Natal, RN (Brazil)

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In accelerating dark energy models, the estimates of the Hubble constant, H{sub 0}, from Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) and X-ray surface brightness of galaxy clusters may depend on the matter content (?{sub M}), the curvature (?{sub K}) and the equation of state parameter (?). In this article, by using a sample of 25 angular diameter distances of galaxy clusters described by the elliptical ? model obtained through the SZE/X-ray technique, we constrain H{sub 0} in the framework of a general ?CDM model (arbitrary curvature) and a flat XCDM model with a constant equation of state parameter ? = p{sub x}/?{sub x}. In order to avoid the use of priors in the cosmological parameters, we apply a joint analysis involving the baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) and the CMB Shift Parameter signature. By taking into account the statistical and systematic errors of the SZE/X-ray technique we obtain for nonflat ?CDM model H{sub 0} = 74{sup +5.0}{sub ?4.0} km s{sup ?1} Mpc{sup ?1}(1?) whereas for a flat universe with constant equation of state parameter we find H{sub 0} = 72{sup +5.5}{sub ?4.0} km s{sup ?1} Mpc{sup ?1}(1?). By assuming that galaxy clusters are described by a spherical ? model these results change to H{sub 0} = 62{sup +8.0}{sub ?7.0} and H{sub 0} = 59{sup +9.0}{sub ?6.0} km s{sup ?1} Mpc{sup ?1}(1?), respectively. The results from elliptical description are in good agreement with independent studies from the Hubble Space Telescope key project and recent estimates based on the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe, thereby suggesting that the combination of these three independent phenomena provides an interesting method to constrain the Hubble constant. As an extra bonus, the adoption of the elliptical description is revealed to be a quite realistic assumption. Finally, by comparing these results with a recent determination for a flat ?CDM model using only the SZE/X-ray technique and BAO, we see that the geometry has a very weak influence on H{sub 0} estimates for this combination of data.

  16. Generalized Concatenation for Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grassl, Markus

    We show how good quantum error-correcting codes can be constructed using generalized concatenation. The inner codes are quantum codes, the outer codes can be linear or nonlinear classical codes. Many new good codes are ...

  17. Discrete generalized multigroup theory and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Lei, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study develops a fundamentally new discrete generalized multigroup energy expansion theory for the linear Boltzmann transport equation. Discrete orthogonal polynomials are used, in conjunction with the traditional ...

  18. Habitability of Earth-like planets with high obliquity and eccentric orbits: results from a general circulation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linsenmeier, Manuel; Lucarini, Valerio

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the implications of seasonal variability for the habitability of Earth-like planets as determined by the two parameters polar obliquity and orbital eccentricity. Commonly, the outer boundary of the habitable zone (HZ) is set by a completely frozen planet, or snowball state. Using a general circulation model coupled to a thermodynamic sea-ice model, our results show that seasonal variability can extend this outer limit of the HZ from 1.03 AU (no seasonal variability) to a maximum of 1.69 AU. Also the multistability property of planets close to the outer edge of the HZ is influenced by seasonal variability. Cold states extend far into the HZ for non-oblique planets. On highly oblique planets, cold states can also allow for habitable regions, which highlights the sufficient but not necessary condition of a warm climate state for habitability. While the effect of obliquity on the extent of the HZ is comparatively small on circular orbits, it becomes highly relevant on eccentric orbits. Our experiments ...

  19. Non-linear force-free field modeling of a solar active region around the time of a major flare and coronal mass ejection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. J. Schrijver; M. L. DeRosa; T. Metcalf; G. Barnes; B. Lites; T. Tarbell; J. McTiernan; G. Valori; T. Wiegelmann; M. S. Wheatland; T. Amari; G. Aulanier; P. Demoulin; M. Fuhrmann; K. Kusano; S. Regnier; J. K. Thalmann

    2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar flares and coronal mass ejections are associated with rapid changes in field connectivity and powered by the partial dissipation of electrical currents in the solar atmosphere. A critical unanswered question is whether the currents involved are induced by the motion of pre-existing atmospheric magnetic flux subject to surface plasma flows, or whether these currents are associated with the emergence of flux from within the solar convective zone. We address this problem by applying state-of-the-art nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) modeling to the highest resolution and quality vector-magnetographic data observed by the recently launched Hinode satellite on NOAA Active Region 10930 around the time of a powerful X3.4 flare. We compute 14 NLFFF models with 4 different codes and a variety of boundary conditions. We find that the model fields differ markedly in geometry, energy content, and force-freeness. We discuss the relative merits of these models in a general critique of present abilities to model the coronal magnetic field based on surface vector field measurements. For our application in particular, we find a fair agreement of the best-fit model field with the observed coronal configuration, and argue (1) that strong electrical currents emerge together with magnetic flux preceding the flare, (2) that these currents are carried in an ensemble of thin strands, (3) that the global pattern of these currents and of field lines are compatible with a large-scale twisted flux rope topology, and (4) that the ~10^32 erg change in energy associated with the coronal electrical currents suffices to power the flare and its associated coronal mass ejection.

  20. Introduction Improved Model Alternative Statistical Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regression Linear "Linear" is for the parameter(s) e.g. yi = 0 +1xi +i Non-linear "Non-linear Square Regression Linear "Linear" is for the parameter(s) e.g. yi = 0 +1xi +i #12;Introduction Improved Model Recall of Ordinary Least-Square Regression Least Square Regression Linear "Linear

  1. Hamiltonian dynamics in extended phase space for gravity and its consistency with Lagrangian formalism: a generalized spherically symmetric model as an example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. P. Shestakova

    2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Among theoretical issues in General Relativity the problem of constructing its Hamiltonian formulation is still of interest. The most of attempts to quantize Gravity are based upon Dirac generalization of Hamiltonian dynamics for system with constraints. At the same time there exists another way to formulate Hamiltonian dynamics for constrained systems guided by the idea of extended phase space. We have already considered some features of this approach in the previous MG12 Meeting by the example of a simple isotropic model. Now we apply the approach to a generalized spherically symmetric model which imitates the structure of General Relativity much better. In particular, making use of a global BRST symmetry and the Noether theorem, we construct the BRST charge that generates correct gauge transformations for all gravitational degrees of freedom.

  2. Stochastic dynamics of active swimmers in linear flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Sandoval; Navaneeth K. M.; Ganesh Subramanian; Eric Lauga

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Most classical work on the hydrodynamics of low-Reynolds-number swimming addresses deterministic locomotion in quiescent environments. Thermal fluctuations in fluids are known to lead to a Brownian loss of the swimming direction. As most cells or synthetic swimmers are immersed in external flows, we consider theoretically in this paper the stochastic dynamics of a model active particle (a self-propelled sphere) in a steady general linear flow. The stochasticity arises both from translational diffusion in physical space, and from a combination of rotary diffusion and run-and-tumble dynamics in orientation space. We begin by deriving a general formulation for all components of the long-time mean square displacement tensor for a swimmer with a time-dependent swimming velocity and whose orientation decorrelates due to rotary diffusion alone. This general framework is applied to obtain the convectively enhanced mean-squared displacements of a steadily-swimming particle in three canonical linear flows (extension, simple shear, and solid-body rotation). We then show how to extend our results to the case where the swimmer orientation also decorrelates on account of run-and-tumble dynamics. Self-propulsion in general leads to the same long-time temporal scalings as for passive particles in linear flows but with increased coefficients. In the particular case of solid-body rotation, the effective long-time diffusion is the same as that in a quiescent fluid, and we clarify the lack of flow-dependence by briefly examining the dynamics in elliptic linear flows. By comparing the new active terms with those obtained for passive particles we see that swimming can lead to an enhancement of the mean-square displacements by orders of magnitude, and could be relevant for biological organisms or synthetic swimming devices in fluctuating environmental or biological flows.

  3. Math 261A -Spring 2012 M. Bremer Multiple Linear Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    called non-linear regression models or polynomial regression models, as the regression curveMath 261A - Spring 2012 M. Bremer Multiple Linear Regression So far, we have seen the concept of simple linear regression where a single predictor variable X was used to model the response variable Y

  4. Limited Dependent Variable Correlated Random Coefficient Panel Data Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Zhongwen

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    for the average slopes of a linear CRC model with a general nonparametric correlation between regressors and random coefficients. I construct a sqrt(n) consistent estimator for the average slopes via varying coefficient regression. The identification of binary...

  5. Generalized interaction in multigravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duplij, Steven

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A general approach to description of multigravity models in D-dimensional space-time is presented. Different possibilities of generalization of the invariant volume are given. Then a most general form of the interaction potential is constructed, which for bigravity coincides with the Pauli-Fierz model. A thorough analysis of the model along the 3+1 expansion formalism is done. It is shown that the absence of ghosts the considered bigravity model is equivalent in the weak field limit to the massive gravity (the Pauli-Fierz model). Thus, on the concrete example it is shown, that the interaction between metrics leads to nonvanishing mass of graviton.

  6. Governance of the International Linear Collider Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foster, B.; /Oxford U.; Barish, B.; /Caltech; Delahaye, J.P.; /CERN; Dosselli, U.; /INFN, Padua; Elsen, E.; /DESY; Harrison, M.; /Brookhaven; Mnich, J.; /DESY; Paterson, J.M.; /SLAC; Richard, F.; /Orsay, LAL; Stapnes, S.; /CERN; Suzuki, A.; /KEK, Tsukuba; Wormser, G.; /Orsay, LAL; Yamada, S.; /KEK, Tsukuba

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Governance models for the International Linear Collider Project are examined in the light of experience from similar international projects around the world. Recommendations for one path which could be followed to realize the ILC successfully are outlined. The International Linear Collider (ILC) is a unique endeavour in particle physics; fully international from the outset, it has no 'host laboratory' to provide infrastructure and support. The realization of this project therefore presents unique challenges, in scientific, technical and political arenas. This document outlines the main questions that need to be answered if the ILC is to become a reality. It describes the methodology used to harness the wisdom displayed and lessons learned from current and previous large international projects. From this basis, it suggests both general principles and outlines a specific model to realize the ILC. It recognizes that there is no unique model for such a laboratory and that there are often several solutions to a particular problem. Nevertheless it proposes concrete solutions that the authors believe are currently the best choices in order to stimulate discussion and catalyze proposals as to how to bring the ILC project to fruition. The ILC Laboratory would be set up by international treaty and be governed by a strong Council to whom a Director General and an associated Directorate would report. Council would empower the Director General to give strong management to the project. It would take its decisions in a timely manner, giving appropriate weight to the financial contributions of the member states. The ILC Laboratory would be set up for a fixed term, capable of extension by agreement of all the partners. The construction of the machine would be based on a Work Breakdown Structure and value engineering and would have a common cash fund sufficiently large to allow the management flexibility to optimize the project's construction. Appropriate contingency, clearly apportioned at both a national and global level, is essential if the project is to be realised. Finally, models for running costs and decommissioning at the conclusion of the ILC project are proposed. This document represents an interim report of the bodies and individuals studying these questions inside the structure set up and supervised by the International Committee for Future Accelerators (ICFA). It represents a request for comment to the international community in all relevant disciplines, scientific, technical and most importantly, political. Many areas require further study and some, in particular the site selection process, have not yet progressed sufficiently to be addressed in detail in this document. Discussion raised by this document will be vital in framing the final proposals due to be published in 2012 in the Technical Design Report being prepared by the Global Design Effort of the ILC.

  7. Datadriven calibration of linear estimators with minimal penalties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This paper tackles the problem of selecting among several linear estimators in non­ parametric regression; this includes model selection for linear regression, the choice of a regularization parameter in kernel ridge classification, with linear and non­ linear predictors [37, 36]. A central issue common to all regularization

  8. Data-driven calibration of linear estimators with minimal penalties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    This paper tackles the problem of selecting among several linear estimators in non- parametric regression; this includes model selection for linear regression, the choice of a regularization parameter in kernel ridge classification, with linear and non- linear predictors [37, 36]. A central issue common to all regularization

  9. The Microscopic Linear Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    The Microscopic Brain Will Penny Linear Dynamics Exponentials Matrix Exponential Eigendecomposition Dynamical Modes Nodes State Space Saddles Oscillations Spirals Centres Offsets Retinal Circuit Nullclines Stability Spiking Neurons Fitzhugh-Nagumo Nonlinear Dynamics Linearization Nonlinear Oscillation Excitable

  10. Introduction Linear Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeghib, Abdelghani

    Introduction Results Linear Dynamics Lorentz Dynamics Actions of discrete groups on stationary Piccione) Geodeycos Meeting, Lyon, 28-30 April 2010 Abdelghani Zeghib Dynamics on Lorentz manifolds #12;Introduction Results Linear Dynamics Lorentz Dynamics Motivations and questions Examples 1 Introduction

  11. Introduction to Linear Relaxations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Introduction to Linear Relaxations by R. Baker Kearfott Department of Mathematics University relaxations; . discuss validation of linear relaxations. Intro. Linear Relaxations December, 2003 Taylor, . . . , m 2 , where # : R n # R and c i , g i : R n # R are guaranteed to be within one of the x # that has

  12. ARTICLE IN PRESS EJMFLU:2254 Please cite this article as: Y. Zheng, H. Struchtrup, A linearization of Mieussens's discrete velocity model for kinetic equations, European

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Struchtrup, Henning

    , University of Victoria, Victoria, V8W 3P6, Canada Received 14 September 2005; received in revised form 23 March 2006; accepted 31 August 2006 Abstract A linearization is developed for Mieussens's discrete

  13. Linearized theory of peridynamic states.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silling, Stewart Andrew

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A state-based peridynamic material model describes internal forces acting on a point in terms of the collective deformation of all the material within a neighborhood of the point. In this paper, the response of a state-based peridynamic material is investigated for a small deformation superposed on a large deformation. The appropriate notion of a small deformation restricts the relative displacement between points, but it does not involve the deformation gradient (which would be undefined on a crack). The material properties that govern the linearized material response are expressed in terms of a new quantity called the modulus state. This determines the force in each bond resulting from an incremental deformation of itself or of other bonds. Conditions are derived for a linearized material model to be elastic, objective, and to satisfy balance of angular momentum. If the material is elastic, then the modulus state is obtainable from the second Frechet derivative of the strain energy density function. The equation of equilibrium with a linearized material model is a linear Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. An analogue of Poincare's theorem is proved that applies to the infinite dimensional space of all peridynamic vector states, providing a condition similar to irrotationality in vector calculus.

  14. Non-linearities in the quantum multiverse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orfeu Bertolami; Victor Herdeiro

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been recently proposed that the multiverse of eternal inflation and the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics can be identified, yielding a new view on the measure and measurement problems. In the present note, we argue that a non-linear evolution of observables in the quantum multiverse would be an obstacle for such a description and that these non-linearities are expected from quite general arguments.

  15. Best Linear Unbiased Estimate Motivation for BLUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Mark

    1 Chapter 6 Best Linear Unbiased Estimate (BLUE) #12;2 Motivation for BLUE Except for Linear Model to a sub-optimal estimate BLUE is one such sub-optimal estimate Idea for BLUE: 1. Restrict estimate) Advantage of BLUE:Needs only 1st and 2nd moments of PDF Mean & Covariance Disadvantages of BLUE: 1. Sub

  16. Hierarchical Linear Discriminant Analysis for Beamforming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Haesun

    model of h-LDA by relating it to the two-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), which fits well dimension reduction, hierarchical linear discriminant analysis (h-LDA) to a well-known spatial localization1 Hierarchical Linear Discriminant Analysis for Beamforming Jaegul Choo , Barry L. Drake

  17. LOCAL LINEAR PID CONTROLLERS FOR NONLINEAR CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    1 LOCAL LINEAR PID CONTROLLERS FOR NONLINEAR CONTROL Jing Lan1, Jeongho Cho1, Deniz Erdogmus2, Jos}@cnel.ufl.edu, derdogmus@ieee.org, m.a.motter@larc.nasa.gov Abstract Nonlinear PID design is difficult if one approaches modeling approach with traditional linear PID controller design techniques to arrive at a principled

  18. Generalized Galilean Genesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishi, Sakine

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The galilean genesis scenario is an alternative to inflation in which the universe starts expanding from Minkowski in the asymptotic past by violating the null energy condition stably. Several concrete models of galilean genesis have been constructed so far within the context of galileon-type scalar-field theories. We give a generic, unified description of the galilean genesis scenario in terms of the Horndeski theory, i.e., the most general scalar-tensor theory with second-order field equations. In doing so we generalize the previous models to have a new parameter (denoted by {\\alpha}) which results in controlling the evolution of the Hubble rate. The background dynamics is investigated to show that the generalized galilean genesis solution is an attractor, similarly to the original model. We also study the nature of primordial perturbations in the generalized galilean genesis scenario. In all the models described by our generalized genesis Lagrangian, amplification of tensor perturbations does not occur as ...

  19. Application of convolution theory for solving non-linear flow problems: gas flow systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mireles, Thomas Joseph

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3. 2. 1 Generalized Analytical Solution for Real Gas Systems . . . . . . . . 15 3. 2. 2 Dry Gas Material Balance Relations: P(tn) - g(u) Identity. . . . . . 16 3. 3 Functional and Numerical Data Models for the Non-Linear CHAPTER IV Component... of the functions. " By applying this theorem and taking the Laplace transform of the right hand side of Eq. 3. 1 (expressed by Eq. 3. 3), we obtain Eq. 3. 4. Q(ft * fj)(t)) = ft(u) g(u) . where the non-linear transform function is given as g(u) = X(g(t)) . (3...

  20. Tower systems for Linearly repetitive Delone sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    José Aliste-Prieto; Daniel Coronel

    2010-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study linearly repetitive Delone sets and prove, following the work of Bellissard, Benedetti and Gambaudo, that the hull of a linearly repetitive Delone set admits a properly nested sequence of box decompositions (tower system) with strictly positive and uniformly bounded (in size and norm) transition matrices. This generalizes a result of Durand for linearly recurrent symbolic systems. Furthermore, we apply this result to give a new proof of a classic estimation of Lagarias and Pleasants on the rate of convergence of patch-frequencies.

  1. Fast linear algebra is stable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demmel, James; Holtz, Olga; Dumitriu, Ioana

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    than other basic linear algebra subroutines. AcknowledgmentsApplied Numerical Linear Algebra. SIAM, 1997. [23] J.algorithms in numerical linear algebra. SIAM Review, 20:740–

  2. Computers and Operations Research (2013), to appear. Achieving MILP Feasibility Quickly Using General Disjunctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinneck, J.W.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    node to explore or the variable to branch on. These heuristics can greatly affect the speed on a single variable to create disjunctions. General linear expressions involving multiple variables provide speed improvements for hard MILP models. The speed-up is due to new and efficient ways to (i

  3. Response to “Comment on ‘General rotating quantum vortex filaments in the low-temperature Svistunov model of the local induction approximation’” [Phys. Fluids 26, 119101 (2014)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Gorder, Robert A., E-mail: rav@knights.ucf.edu [Department of Mathematics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816-1364 (United States)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In R. A. Van Gorder, “General rotating quantum vortex filaments in the low-temperature Svistunov model of the local induction approximation,” Phys. Fluids 26, 065105 (2014) I discussed properties of generalized vortex filaments exhibiting purely rotational motion under the low-temperature Svistunov model of the local induction approximation. Such solutions are stationary in terms of translational motion. In the Comment [N. Hietala, “Comment on ‘General rotating quantum vortex filaments in the low-temperature Svistunov model of the local induction approximation’ [Phys. Fluids 26, 065105 (2014)],” Phys. Fluids 26, 119101 (2014)], the author criticizes my paper for not including translational motion (although it was clearly stated that the filament motion was assumed rotational). As it turns out, if one is interested in studying the geometric structure of solutions (which was the point of my paper), one obtains the needed qualitative results on the structure of such solutions by studying the purely rotational case. Nevertheless, in this Response I shall discuss the vortex filaments that have both rotational and translational motions. I then briefly discuss why one might want to study such generalized rotating filament solutions, in contrast to simple the standard helical or planar examples (which are really special cases). I also discuss how one can study the time evolution of filaments which exhibit more complicated dynamics than pure translation and rotation. Doing this, one can study non-stationary solutions which initially appear purely rotational and gradually display other dynamics as the filaments evolve.

  4. Why quantum dynamics is linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas F. Jordan

    2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum dynamics is linear. How do we know? From theory or experiment? The history of this question is reviewed. Nonlinear generalizations of quantum mechanics have been proposed. They predict small but clear nonlinear effects, which very accurate experiments have not seen. Is there a reason in principle why nonlinearity is not found? Is it impossible? Does quantum dynamics have to be linear? Attempts to prove this have not been decisive, because either their assumptions are not compelling or their arguments are not conclusive. The question has been left unsettled. There is a simple answer, based on a simple assumption. It was found in two steps separated by 44 years. They are steps back to simpler and more compelling assumptions. A proof of the assumptions of the Wigner-Bargmann proof has been known since 1962. It assumes that the maps of density matrices in time are linear. For this step, it is also assumed that density matrices are mapped one-to-one onto density matrices. An alternative is to assume that pure states are mapped one-to-one onto pure states and that entropy does not decrease. In a step taken in 2006, it is proved that the maps of density matrices in time are linear. It is assumed, as in the earlier step, that at each time the physical quantities and states are described by the usual linear structures of quantum mechanics, so the question is only about how things change in time. Beyond that, the proof assumes only that the dynamics does not depend on anything outside the system, but must allow the system to be described as part of a larger system.

  5. GROUP SPARSITY VIA LINEAR-TIME PROJECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 31, 2008 ... linear regression model subject to a bound on the l1-norm of the coefficients; .... this strategy scales poorly with the number of non-zero groups.

  6. The Computational Complexity of Linear Optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aaronson, Scott

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We give new evidence that quantum computers---moreover, rudimentary quantum computers built entirely out of linear-optical elements---cannot be efficiently simulated by classical computers. In particular, we define a model ...

  7. Fault tolerant linear actuator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tesar, Delbert

    2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In varying embodiments, the fault tolerant linear actuator of the present invention is a new and improved linear actuator with fault tolerance and positional control that may incorporate velocity summing, force summing, or a combination of the two. In one embodiment, the invention offers a velocity summing arrangement with a differential gear between two prime movers driving a cage, which then drives a linear spindle screw transmission. Other embodiments feature two prime movers driving separate linear spindle screw transmissions, one internal and one external, in a totally concentric and compact integrated module.

  8. Emergent Universe with Interacting fluids and Generalized Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul, B C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the emergent universe scenario in the presence of interacting fluids. The non-linear equation of state (EoS) considered in the general theory of relativity for obtaining emergent universe is effectively a cosmological model with a composition of three fluids. In this paper we consider two models to realize viable cosmological scenarios, {\\it viz.}, (i) a two-fluid model with interaction of a pressureless fluid with the fluid having the non-linear EoS needed for the emergent universe, and (ii) a three-fluid model with interaction among the three fluids which originate from the EoS of the emergent universe. It is found that realistic cosmological models in accordance with observations are not ruled out for both the above cases. We further show that the generalized second law of thermodynamics is found to hold good in the emergent universe with interacting fluids.

  9. Using Linearity Web Copyright 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Carlos

    Using Linearity Web Rev. 2.0 May 2007 Copyright © 2007 #12;Using Linearity Web i Contents Introduction to Linearity Web.............................................................................1 Features, Benefits, and Value of Linearity Web..............................................1 Before You

  10. Comparing the effects of various fuel alcohols on the natural attenuation of Benzene Plumes using a general substrate interaction model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    and Environmental Engineering, Rice University, MS-317, 6100 Main St., Houston, TX 77005, USA a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Article history: Received 30 October 2009 Received in revised form 26 January 2010 generalizations about the level of impact of specific fuel alcohols on benzene plume dynamics. © 2010 Elsevier B

  11. Shaping state and time-dependent convergence rates in non-linear control and observer design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winfried Lohmiller; Jean-Jacques E. Slotine

    2010-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper derives for non-linear, time-varying and feedback linearizable systems simple controller designs to achieve specified state-and timedependent complex convergence rates. This approach can be regarded as a general gain-scheduling technique with global exponential stability guarantee. Typical applications include the transonic control of an aircraft with strongly Mach or time-dependent eigenvalues or the state-dependent complex eigenvalue placement of the inverted pendulum. As a generalization of the LTI Luenberger observer a dual observer design technique is derived for a broad set of non-linear and time-varying systems, where so far straightforward observer techniques were not known. The resulting observer design is illustrated for non-linear chemical plants, the Van-der-Pol oscillator, the discrete logarithmic map series prediction and the lighthouse navigation problem. These results [23] allow one to shape globally the state- and time-dependent convergence behaviour ideally suited to the non-linear or time-varying system. The technique can also be used to provide analytic robustness guarantees against modelling uncertainties. The derivations are based on non-linear contraction theory [18], a comparatively recent dynamic system analysis tool whose results will be reviewed and extended.

  12. A Dark Energy Model with Generalized Uncertainty Principle in the Emergent, Intermediate and Logamediate Scenarios of the Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahul Ghosh; Surajit Chattopadhyay; Ujjal Debnath

    2011-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This work is motivated by the work of Kim et al (2008), which considered the equation of state parameter for the new agegraphic dark energy based on generalized uncertainty principle coexisting with dark matter without interaction. In this work, we have considered the same dark energy inter- acting with dark matter in emergent, intermediate and logamediate scenarios of the universe. Also, we have investigated the statefinder, kerk and lerk parameters in all three scenarios under this inter- action. The energy density and pressure for the new agegraphic dark energy based on generalized uncertainty principle have been calculated and their behaviors have been investigated. The evolu- tion of the equation of state parameter has been analyzed in the interacting and non-interacting situations in all the three scenarios. The graphical analysis shows that the dark energy behaves like quintessence era for logamediate expansion and phantom era for emergent and intermediate expansions of the universe.

  13. U.S. Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Proposals: Application of a Forward-Looking Computable General Equilibrium Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurgel, Angelo C.

    We develop a forward-looking version of the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, and apply it to examine the economic implications of proposals in the U.S. Congress to limit greenhouse gas (GHG) ...

  14. Development of a general purpose subgrid wall boiling model from improved physical understanding for use in computational fluid dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilman, Lindsey Anne

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced modeling capabilities were developed for application to subcooled flow boiling through this work. The target was to introduce, and demonstrate, all necessary mechanisms required to accurately predict the temperature ...

  15. OPTIMAL CONTROL OF LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH STATE EQUALITY CONSTRAINTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitmead, Bob

    , a number of modern model-based control design methods sought to deal with system constraints directlyOPTIMAL CONTROL OF LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH STATE EQUALITY CONSTRAINTS Sangho Ko , Robert R. Bitmead 1 with the optimal control problem for systems with state linear equality constraints. For deterministic linear

  16. Kernel Density Based Linear Regression Estimate and Zhibiao Zhao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Zhibiao

    Kernel Density Based Linear Regression Estimate Weixin Yao and Zhibiao Zhao Abstract For linear regression models with non-normally distributed errors, the least squares estimate (LSE) will lose some words: EM algorithm, Kernel density estimate, Least squares estimate, Linear regression, Maximum

  17. Linear Clearing Prices in Non-Convex European Day-Ahead Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alexander; Pokutta, Sebastian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The European power grid can be divided into several market areas where the price of electricity is determined in a day-ahead auction. Market participants can provide continuous hourly bid curves and combinatorial bids with associated quantities given the prices. The goal of our auction is to maximize the economic surplus of all participants subject to transmission constraints and the existence of linear prices. In general strict linear prices do not exist in non-convex markets. Therefore we enforce the existence of linear prices where no one incurs a loss and only combinatorial bids might see a not realized gain. The resulting optimization problem is an MPEC that can not be solved efficiently by a standard solver. We present an exact algorithm and a fast heuristic for this type of problem. Both algorithms decompose the MPEC into a master MIP and price subproblems (LPs). The modeling technique and the algorithms are applicable to all MIP based combinatorial auctions.

  18. Linear Motor Powered Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Richard D.

    This special issue on linear-motor powered transportation covers both supporting technologies and innovative transport systems in various parts of the World, as this technology moves from the lab to commercial operations. ...

  19. Electronic structure of the dioxygen to transition metal bond: generalized molecular orbital calculations on models of manganese, iron, and cobalt porphyrins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, James Edward

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are reported for FeP where P = porphinato(2-) ~ (NH2)4 , (NHCH2)4 , (N4C2H10) , (N4CBH6) and for Fe(02)PL where P = porphi nato(2-), (NH2)4 , (N4C2H6) and L = imidazole, NH3. The MO calculations indicate that (N4C2H6) is a better model for the porphyri n... ring in metal-dioxygen porphyrin complexes than the model (NH ) . This model was employed in generalized molecular orbital-confi guration interaction calculations of Fe(02)P(NH3), Co(02)P(NH3), and Mn(02)P where P = (N4C2H6) The ozone...

  20. Warm intermediate inflation in the Randall-Sundrum II model in the light of Planck 2015 and BICEP2 results: A general dissipative coefficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Ramón; Olivares, Marco

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A warm inflationary Universe in the Randall-Sundrum II model during intermediate inflation is studied. For this purpose, we consider a general form for the dissipative coefficient $\\Gamma(T,\\phi)=C_{\\phi}\\,\\frac{T^{m}}{\\phi^{m-1}}$, and also analyze this inflationary model in the weak and strong dissipative regimes. We study the evolution of the Universe under the slow-roll approximation and find solutions to the full effective Friedmann equation in the brane-world framework. In order to constrain the parameters in our model, we consider the recent data from the BICEP2-Planck 2015 data together with the necessary condition for warm inflation $T>H$, and also the condition from the weak (or strong) dissipative regime.

  1. Warm intermediate inflation in the Randall-Sundrum II model in the light of Planck 2015 and BICEP2 results: A general dissipative coefficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramón Herrera; Nelson Videla; Marco Olivares

    2015-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A warm inflationary Universe in the Randall-Sundrum II model during intermediate inflation is studied. For this purpose, we consider a general form for the dissipative coefficient $\\Gamma(T,\\phi)=C_{\\phi}\\,\\frac{T^{m}}{\\phi^{m-1}}$, and also analyze this inflationary model in the weak and strong dissipative regimes. We study the evolution of the Universe under the slow-roll approximation and find solutions to the full effective Friedmann equation in the brane-world framework. In order to constrain the parameters in our model, we consider the recent data from the BICEP2-Planck 2015 data together with the necessary condition for warm inflation $T>H$, and also the condition from the weak (or strong) dissipative regime.

  2. Optimization Under Generalized Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lodwick, Weldon

    11 Optimization Under Generalized Uncertainty Optimization Modeling Math 4794/5794: Spring 2013 Weldon A. Lodwick Weldon.Lodwick@ucdenver.edu 2/14/2013 Optimization Modeling - Spring 2013 #12 in the context of optimization problems. The theoretical frame-work for these notes is interval analysis. From

  3. automata linear rules: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the same Sontag, Eduardo 25 CHARACTERIZATION OF NON-LINEAR CELLULAR AUTOMATA MODEL FOR PATTERN RECOGNITION Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary:...

  4. New Semidefinite Programming Relaxations for the Linear Ordering ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Her model is based on the observation that linear orderings can be fully described by a series of cuts. .... [48] and input-output analysis [39]), sociology (

  5. Generalized Concatenation for Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Grassl; Peter W. Shor; Bei Zeng

    2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how good quantum error-correcting codes can be constructed using generalized concatenation. The inner codes are quantum codes, the outer codes can be linear or nonlinear classical codes. Many new good codes are found, including both stabilizer codes as well as so-called nonadditive codes.

  6. The impact of misspecifying cross-classified random effects models in cross-sectional and longitudinal multilevel data: a Monte Carlo study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Wen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    as a special case of mixed linear models. The general mixed linear model is written as e?u??y ++= (2.14) 00 ? j0 ? 01 ? Occasion 1 Occasion 2 Occasion 3 j110 ?? + 0102 ?? ? 0203 ?? ? j110 ?? + 14 where y denotes the vector...

  7. Generalized Spectral Decomposition for Stochastic Non Linear Problems 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .nouy@univ-nantes.fr (Anthony Nouy), olm@limsi.fr (Olivier P. Le Maître). URLs: http://www.univ-nantes.fr/nouy-a (Anthony Nouy), http://www.limsi.fr/Individu/olm (Olivier P. Le Maître). 1 This work is supported by the French

  8. A general Krylov method for solving symmetric systems of linear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    327 of Pitman Research. Notes in Mathematics Series. Longman Scientific & Technical, Harlow, 1995. [9] Hestenes, M. R., and Stiefel, E. Methods of conjugate ...

  9. General Realization Algorithm for Modal Identification of Linear Dynamic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Callafon, Raymond A.; Moaveni, Babak; Conte, Joel P; He, Xianfei; Udd, Eric

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    depends only on step response data yields significantlydifferentiating the step response measurements (de Callafonstep process that includes a state reconstruction followed by a least squares optimization yielding a minimum prediction error for the response.

  10. Interior-Point Algorithms for a Generalization of Linear Programming ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 23, 2011 ... Acknowledgement. I am grateful to Eric Denardo for a series of conversations that stimulated my interest in the topic of this paper. 11 ...

  11. General Realization Algorithm for Modal Identification of Linear Dynamic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Callafon, Raymond A.; Moaveni, Babak; Conte, Joel P; He, Xianfei; Udd, Eric

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Veletsos, A. S. , and Ventura, C. E. (1986). “Modal analysisdamping matrix C (Veletsos and Ventura 1986). The latter wasfrequencies (Veletsos and Ventura 1986), differ from the

  12. A development of MOS linear active load schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallett, Robert Alan

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    resistor. A solution to this problem is to use a single or multiply interconnected MOS transistors to simulate resistors. These simulated resistors are termed "active loads". The advantages of using MOSFETs over passive monolithic resistors are the high...'s inverted parallel load . General description of the fully linear active block Fully linear active block Three transistor fully linear block Cktl Ckt2 Ckt3 Ckt4 Complex single transistor loads IPL DEPR FLAB I ? V measuring system THD measuring...

  13. Series evaluation of Tweedie exponential dispersion model densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smyth, Gordon K.

    of Mathematics and Computing University of Southern Queensland Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia Gordon K. Smyth 3052, Australia smyth@wehi.edu.au 23 February 2005 Abstract Exponential dispersion models, which for generalized linear models. The Tweedie families are those exponential dispersion models with power mean

  14. Optimization Online - Linear-quadratic control problem with a linear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L Faybusovich

    2003-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 19, 2003 ... Abstract: We describe a complete solution of the linear-quaratic control problem with the linear term in the objective function on a semiinfinite ...

  15. A new general model with non-spherical interactions for dense polymer systems and a potential parametrization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heermann, Dieter W.

    parametrization for Bisphenol-A-Polycarbonate Klaus M. Zimmer, Andreas Linke and Dieter W. Heermann Institut fur of the monomer units. We apply the model to the special case of Bisphenol-A-Polycarbonate (BPA- PC) and present properties of polycarbonate systems. We will also present properties and e ciency considerations

  16. A general model for estimating the economic and production effects of specified pesticide withdrawals: a cotton application

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    Casey, James Elmer

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Hypothetical Factor-Pactor Model indicating profit maximizing conditions with limited capital and with a variab1e input limitation 24 P2 units, then other inputs would be added until their marginal value poduct was equal to their price. This would...

  17. Comparison of mid-Pliocene climate predictions produced by the HadAM3 and GCMAM3 General Circulation Models

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    Circulation Models Alan M. Haywood a, , Mark A. Chandler b , Paul J. Valdes c , Ulrich Salzmann d , Daniel J set of Piacenzian Stage land cover [Salzmann, U., Haywood, A.M., Lunt, D.J., Valdes, P.J., Hill, D intervals in Earth History (e.g. Kutzbach and Otto-Bliesner, 1982; Barron and Washington, 1982; Valdes

  18. Adaptive robust motion control of linear motors for precision manufacturing

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    Yao, Bin

    for widespread use in high-speed/high-accuracy positioning systems [1­3]. In general, the linear motor hasAdaptive robust motion control of linear motors for precision manufacturing Bin Yao *, Li Xu School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA Received 6 October 1999; accepted 11

  19. Asymptotically minimum BER linear block precoders for MMSE equalisation

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    Davidson, Tim

    ) [3]. For a general block transmission scheme, optimal detection requires a joint decisionAsymptotically minimum BER linear block precoders for MMSE equalisation S.S. Chan, T.N. Davidson and K.M. Wong Abstract: An asymptotically minimum bit error rate (BER) linear block precoder

  20. 6, 74277469, 2006 Linear ozone

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    Boyer, Edmond

    ACPD 6, 7427­7469, 2006 Linear ozone photochemistry parametrizations A. J. Geer et al. Title Page Chemistry and Physics Discussions Evaluation of linear ozone photochemistry parametrizations Linear ozone photochemistry parametrizations A. J. Geer et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction