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1

Ocean General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1. Definition of Subject The purpose of this text is to provide an introduction to aspects of oceanic general circulation models (OGCMs), an important component of Climate System or Earth System Model (ESM). The role of the ocean in ESMs is described in Chapter XX (EDITOR: PLEASE FIND THE COUPLED CLIMATE or EARTH SYSTEM MODELING CHAPTERS). The emerging need for understanding the Earth’s climate system and especially projecting its future evolution has encouraged scientists to explore the dynamical, physical, and biogeochemical processes in the ocean. Understanding the role of these processes in the climate system is an interesting and challenging scientific subject. For example, a research question how much extra heat or CO2 generated by anthropogenic activities can be stored in the deep ocean is not only scientifically interesting but also important in projecting future climate of the earth. Thus, OGCMs have been developed and applied to investigate the various oceanic processes and their role in the climate system.

Yoon, Jin-Ho; Ma, Po-Lun

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

2

Spatial Correlations in General Circulation Models and Observation Reanalysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set CCSM4 Community Climate System Model Version 4 CM3 Climate Model Version 3 Mk3 Mark 3.0 CM5A Climate Model Version 5A ESM Earth System Model OBS Observations REA Reanalysis picontrol Pre-Industrial Control Run GCM General... ESM 1.9? × 1.9? 1000 IPSL CM5A 1.9? × 3.75? 1000 CSIRO MK3 3.2? × 5.6? 1000 NCDC OBS 5? × 5? - NCEP REA 2.5? × 2.5? 65 3.1 General Circulation Models GCMs are useful tools for understanding the roles of the major climate system components. Analyses...

Sansom, Taylor Lee

2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

3

Application of Improved Radiation Modeling to General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research has accomplished its primary objectives of developing accurate and efficient radiation codes, validating them with measurements and higher resolution models, and providing these advancements to the global modeling community to enhance the treatment of cloud and radiative processes in weather and climate prediction models. A critical component of this research has been the development of the longwave and shortwave broadband radiative transfer code for general circulation model (GCM) applications, RRTMG, which is based on the single-column reference code, RRTM, also developed at AER. RRTMG is a rigorously tested radiation model that retains a considerable level of accuracy relative to higher resolution models and measurements despite the performance enhancements that have made it possible to apply this radiation code successfully to global dynamical models. This model includes the radiative effects of all significant atmospheric gases, and it treats the absorption and scattering from liquid and ice clouds and aerosols. RRTMG also includes a statistical technique for representing small-scale cloud variability, such as cloud fraction and the vertical overlap of clouds, which has been shown to improve cloud radiative forcing in global models. This development approach has provided a direct link from observations to the enhanced radiative transfer provided by RRTMG for application to GCMs. Recent comparison of existing climate model radiation codes with high resolution models has documented the improved radiative forcing capability provided by RRTMG, especially at the surface, relative to other GCM radiation models. Due to its high accuracy, its connection to observations, and its computational efficiency, RRTMG has been implemented operationally in many national and international dynamical models to provide validated radiative transfer for improving weather forecasts and enhancing the prediction of global climate change.

Michael J Iacono

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

4

Modeling of Antarctic sea ice in a general circulation model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dynamic-thermodynamic sea ice model is developed and coupled with the Melbourne University general circulation model to simulate the seasonal cycle of the Antarctic sea ice distributions The model is efficient, rapid to compute, and useful for a range of climate studies. The thermodynamic part of the sea ice model is similar to that developed by Parkinson and Washington, the dynamics contain a simplified ice rheology that resists compression. The thermodynamics is based on energy conservation at the top surface of the ice/snow, the ice/water interface, and the open water area to determine the ice formation, accretion, and ablation. A lead parameterization is introduced with an effective partitioning scheme for freezing between and under the ice floes. The dynamic calculation determines the motion of ice, which is forced with the atmospheric wind, taking account of ice resistance and rafting. The simulated sea ice distribution compares reasonably well with observations. The seasonal cycle of ice extent is well simulated in phase as well as in magnitude. Simulated sea ice thickness and concentration are also in good agreement with observations over most regions and serve to indicate the importance of advection and ocean drift in the determination of the sea ice distribution. 64 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

Wu, Xingren; Budd, W.F. [Antarctic Cooperative Research Centre, Tasmania (Australia)] [Antarctic Cooperative Research Centre, Tasmania (Australia); Simmonds, I. [School of Earth Sciences, Victoria (Australia)] [School of Earth Sciences, Victoria (Australia)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Annular mode-like responses to external forcings in a simple atmospheric general circulation model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I investigate the response of a simple atmospheric general circulation model to applied forcings to learn whether the annular mode patterns are a preferred model response to the forcings. The thesis is ...

Ring, Michael J., 1979-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Estimation of OTEC Global Resources with an Ocean General Circulation Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) relies on the availability of temperature differencesEstimation of OTEC Global Resources with an Ocean General Circulation Model Krishnakumar Rajagopalan Postdoctoral Fellow Department of Ocean and Resources Engineering University of Hawai'i Abstract

Frandsen, Jannette B.

7

GENERAL CIRCULATION Energy Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

process. PE is useful for global energy balance. Solar radiant energy does not reach the Earth equally everywhere. On average, the tropics receive and absorb far more solar energy annually than the polar regionsGENERAL CIRCULATION Contents Energy Cycle Mean Characteristics Momentum Budget Overview Energy

Grotjahn, Richard

8

Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications. 4: General circulation models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents English-translated abstracts of important Russian-language literature concerning general circulation models as they relate to climate change. Into addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

Burtis, M.D. [comp.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Razuvaev, V.N.; Sivachok, S.G. [All-Russian Research Inst. of Hydrometeorological Information--World Data Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Idealized test cases for the dynamical cores of Atmospheric General Circulation Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Idealized test cases for the dynamical cores of Atmospheric General Circulation Models: A proposal) Ram Nair (NCAR) Mark Taylor (Sandia National Laboratory) May/29/2008 1 Idealized test cases for 3D dynamical cores This document describes the idealized dynamical core test cases that are proposed

Jablonowski, Christiane

10

Enhancing the resolution of sea ice in long-term global ocean general circulation model (gcm) integrations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open water in sea ice, such as leads and polynyas, plays a crucial role in determining the formation of deep- and bottom-water, as well as their long-term global properties and circulation. Ocean general circulation models (GCMs) designed...

Kim, Joong Tae

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

11

Hydrological Cycles over the Congo and Upper Blue Nile Basins: Evaluation of General Circulation Model Simulations and Reanalysis Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The simulations and predictions of the hydrological cycle by general circulation models (GCMs) are characterized by a significant degree of uncertainty. This uncertainty is reflected in the range of Intergovernmental Panel ...

Demory, Marie-Estelle

12

Simulated climatology of a general circulation model with a hydrological cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thermal and dynamical structure of the tropical atmosphere which emerged from the numerical integration of our general circulation model with a simple hydrologic cycle is analyzed in detail. According to the results of our analysis, the lapse rate of zonal mean temperature in the model Tropics is supermoist-adiabatic in the lower troposphere, and is sub-moist-adiabatic above the 400-mb. level in qualitative agreement with thc observed features in the actual Tropics. The flow field in the model Tropics also displays interesting features. For example, a zone of strong convergence and a belt of heavy rain develops around the equator. Synoptic-scale disturbances such as weak tropical cyclones and shear lines with strong convergence develop and are reminiscent of disturbances in the actual tropical atmosphere. The humid towers, which result from moist convective adjustment and condensation, develop in the central core of the regions of strong upward motion, sometimes reaching the level of the tropical tropopause and thus heating the upper tropical troposphere. This heating compensates for thc cooling due to radiation and the meridional circulation. According to the analysis of the energy budget of the model Tropics, the release of eddy available potential energy, which is mainly generated by the heat of condensation, constitutes the major source of eddy kinetic energy of disturbances prevailing in the model Tropics.

Syukuro Manabe; Joseph Smagorinsky

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Short ensembles: An Efficient Method for Discerning Climate-relevant Sensitivities in Atmospheric General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper explores the feasibility of an experimentation strategy for investigating sensitivities in fast components of atmospheric general circulation models. The basic idea is to replace the traditional serial-in-time long-term climate integrations by representative ensembles of shorter simulations. The key advantage of the proposed method lies in its efficiency: since fewer days of simulation are needed, the computational cost is less, and because individual realizations are independent and can be integrated simultaneously, the new dimension of parallelism can dramatically reduce the turnaround time in benchmark tests, sensitivities studies, and model tuning exercises. The strategy is not appropriate for exploring sensitivity of all model features, but it is very effective in many situations. Two examples are presented using the Community Atmosphere Model version 5. The first example demonstrates that the method is capable of characterizing the model cloud and precipitation sensitivity to time step length. A nudging technique is also applied to an additional set of simulations to help understand the contribution of physics-dynamics interaction to the detected time step sensitivity. In the second example, multiple empirical parameters related to cloud microphysics and aerosol lifecycle are perturbed simultaneously in order to explore which parameters have the largest impact on the simulated global mean top-of-atmosphere radiation balance. Results show that in both examples, short ensembles are able to correctly reproduce the main signals of model sensitivities revealed by traditional long-term climate simulations for fast processes in the climate system. The efficiency of the ensemble method makes it particularly useful for the development of high-resolution, costly and complex climate models.

Wan, Hui; Rasch, Philip J.; Zhang, Kai; Qian, Yun; Yan, Huiping; Zhao, Chun

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

14

Aerosol indirect effects -- general circulation model intercomparison and evaluation with satellite data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aerosol indirect effects continue to constitute one of the most important uncertainties for anthropogenic climate perturbations. Within the international AEROCOM initiative, the representation of aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions in ten different general circulation models (GCMs) is evaluated using three satellite datasets. The focus is on stratiform liquid water clouds since most GCMs do not include ice nucleation effects, and none of the model explicitly parameterizes aerosol effects on convective clouds. We compute statistical relationships between aerosol optical depth (Ta) and various cloud and radiation quantities in a manner that is consistent between the models and the satellite data. It is found that the model-simulated influence of aerosols on cloud droplet number concentration (Nd) compares relatively well to the satellite data at least over the ocean. The relationship between Ta and liquid water path is simulated much too strongly by the models. It is shown that this is partly related to the representation of the second aerosol indirect effect in terms of autoconversion. A positive relationship between total cloud fraction (fcld) and Ta as found in the satellite data is simulated by the majority of the models, albeit less strongly than that in the satellite data in most of them. In a discussion of the hypotheses proposed in the literature to explain the satellite-derived strong fcld - Ta relationship, our results indicate that none can be identified as unique explanation. Relationships similar to the ones found in satellite data between Ta and cloud top temperature or outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) are simulated by only a few GCMs. The GCMs that simulate a negative OLR - Ta relationship show a strong positive correlation between Ta and fcld The short-wave total aerosol radiative forcing as simulated by the GCMs is strongly influenced by the simulated anthropogenic fraction of Ta, and parameterisation assumptions such as a lower bound on Nd. Nevertheless, the strengths of the statistical relationships are good predictors for the aerosol forcings in the models. An estimate of the total short-wave aerosol forcing inferred from the combination of these predictors for the modelled forcings with the satellite-derived statistical relationships yields a global annual mean value of -1.5+-0.5 Wm-2. An alternative estimate obtained by scaling the simulated clear- and cloudy-sky forcings with estimates of anthropogenic Ta and satellite-retrieved Nd - Ta regression slopes, respectively, yields a global annual mean clear-sky (aerosol direct effect) estimate of -0.4+-0.2 Wm-2 and a cloudy-sky (aerosol indirect effect) estimate of -0.7+-0.5 Wm-2, with a total estimate of -1.2+-0.4 Wm-2.

Quaas, Johannes; Ming, Yi; Menon, Surabi; Takemura, Toshihiko; Wang, Minghuai; Penner, Joyce E.; Gettelman, Andrew; Lohmann, Ulrike; Bellouin, Nicolas; Boucher, Olivier; Sayer, Andrew M.; Thomas, Gareth E.; McComiskey, Allison; Feingold, Graham; Hoose, Corinna; Kristjansson, Jon Egill; Liu, Xiaohong; Balkanski, Yves; Donner, Leo J.; Ginoux, Paul A.; Stier, Philip; Feichter, Johann; Sednev, Igor; Bauer, Susanne E.; Koch, Dorothy; Grainger, Roy G.; Kirkevag, Alf; Iversen, Trond; Seland, Oyvind; Easter, Richard; Ghan, Steven J.; Rasch, Philip J.; Morrison, Hugh; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Iacono, Michael J.; Kinne, Stefan; Schulz, Michael

2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

15

Solving Problems with GCMs: General Circulation Models and Their Role in the Climate Modeling Hierarchy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­Southern Oscillation, from the Devil's Staircase to prediction 16 A. ENSO's regularity and irregularity 16 B. The Devil's Staircase across the modeling hierarchy 18 C. Regularity and prediction 22 IV. Interdecadal oscillations

Robertson, Andrew W.

16

A GENERAL CIRCULATION MODEL FOR GASEOUS EXOPLANETS WITH DOUBLE-GRAY RADIATIVE TRANSFER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new version of our code for modeling the atmospheric circulation on gaseous exoplanets, now employing a 'double-gray' radiative transfer scheme, which self-consistently solves for fluxes and heating throughout the atmosphere, including the emerging (observable) infrared flux. We separate the radiation into infrared and optical components, each with its own absorption coefficient, and solve standard two-stream radiative transfer equations. We use a constant optical absorption coefficient, while the infrared coefficient can scale as a power law with pressure; however, for simplicity, the results shown in this paper use a constant infrared coefficient. Here we describe our new code in detail and demonstrate its utility by presenting a generic hot Jupiter model. We discuss issues related to modeling the deepest pressures of the atmosphere and describe our use of the diffusion approximation for radiative fluxes at high optical depths. In addition, we present new models using a simple form for magnetic drag on the atmosphere. We calculate emitted thermal phase curves and find that our drag-free model has the brightest region of the atmosphere offset by {approx}12 Degree-Sign from the substellar point and a minimum flux that is 17% of the maximum, while the model with the strongest magnetic drag has an offset of only {approx}2 Degree-Sign and a ratio of 13%. Finally, we calculate rates of numerical loss of kinetic energy at {approx}15% for every model except for our strong-drag model, where there is no measurable loss; we speculate that this is due to the much decreased wind speeds in that model.

Rauscher, Emily [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1629 East University Boulevard, Tucson, AZ 85721-0092 (United States); Menou, Kristen [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

17

Impact Assessment of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index Datasets Using a General Circulation Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYUN-SUK KANG Department of Geography, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California G. JAMES COLLATZ NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt and composition, ocean circulation, and solar orbit perturbations (Pielke et al. 1998). In most bio- physical land

Xue, Yongkang

18

A Study of Longwave Radiation Codes for Climate Studies: Validation with ARM Observations and Tests in General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One specific goal of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM) program is to improve the treatment of radiative transfer in General Circulation Models (GCMs) under clear-sky, general overcast and broken cloud conditions. Our project was geared to contribute to this goal by attacking major problems associated with one of the dominant radiation components of the problem --longwave radiation. The primary long-term project objectives were to: (1) develop an optimum longwave radiation model for use in GCMs that has been calibrated with state-of-the-art observations for clear and cloudy conditions, and (2) determine how the longwave radiative forcing with an improved algorithm contributes relatively in a GCM when compared to shortwave radiative forcing, sensible heating, thermal advection and convection. The approach has been to build upon existing models in an iterative, predictive fashion. We focused on comparing calculations from a set of models with operationally observed data for clear, overcast and broken cloud conditions. The differences found through the comparisons and physical insights have been used to develop new models, most of which have been tested with new data. Our initial GCM studies used existing GCMs to study the climate model-radiation sensitivity problem. Although this portion of our initial plans was curtailed midway through the project, we anticipate that the eventual outcome of this approach will provide both a better longwave radiative forcing algorithm and from our better understanding of how longwave radiative forcing influences the model equilibrium climate, how improvements in climate prediction using this algorithm can be achieved.

Robert G. Ellingson

2004-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

19

Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many features of the general circulation of the atmosphere shift upward in response to warming in simulations of climate change with both general circulation models (GCMs) and cloud-system-resolving models. The importance ...

Singh, Martin Simran

20

The martian mesosphere as revealed by CO2 cloud observations and General Circulation Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a rare dataset of mesospheric winds. We compare the mesospheric zonal winds pre- dicted by the model by the model. Ã? 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction While the formation of CO2 clouds observations on board Mars Global Surveyor (Clancy et al., 2004, 2007), and later confirmed by THEMIS-VIS (Mc

Spiga, Aymeric

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Cloud/Aerosol Parameterizations: Application and Improvement of General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the biggest uncertainties associated with climate models and climate forcing is the treatment of aerosols and their effects on clouds. The effect of aerosols on clouds can be divided into two components: The first indirect effect is the forcing associated with increases in droplet concentrations; the second indirect effect is the forcing associated with changes in liquid water path, cloud morphology, and cloud lifetime. Both are highly uncertain. This project applied a cloud-resolving model to understand the response of clouds under a variety of conditions to changes in aerosols. These responses are categorized according to the large-scale meteorological conditions that lead to the response. Meteorological conditions were sampled from various fields, which, together with a global aerosol model determination of the change in aerosols from present day to pre-industrial conditions, was used to determine a first order estimate of the response of global cloud fields to changes in aerosols. The response of the clouds in the NCAR CAM3 GCM coupled to our global aerosol model were tested by examining whether the response is similar to that of the cloud resolving model and methods for improving the representation of clouds and cloud/aerosol interactions were examined.

Penner, Joyce

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

22

Multiple sea-ice states and abrupt MOC transitions in a general circulation ocean model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

represent present-day and cold-climate conditions. In each case the ocean model is initiated with both ice of about three degrees in latitude between the different runs is observed. The cold climate runs lead. Mirzayof Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, BIDR, Ben-Gurion University, 84990 Midreshet

Ashkenazy, Yossi "Yosef"

23

Habitability of Earth-like planets with high obliquity and eccentric orbits: results from a general circulation model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the implications of seasonal variability for the habitability of Earth-like planets as determined by the two parameters polar obliquity and orbital eccentricity. Commonly, the outer boundary of the habitable zone (HZ) is set by a completely frozen planet, or snowball state. Using a general circulation model coupled to a thermodynamic sea-ice model, our results show that seasonal variability can extend this outer limit of the HZ from 1.03 AU (no seasonal variability) to a maximum of 1.69 AU. Also the multistability property of planets close to the outer edge of the HZ is influenced by seasonal variability. Cold states extend far into the HZ for non-oblique planets. On highly oblique planets, cold states can also allow for habitable regions, which highlights the sufficient but not necessary condition of a warm climate state for habitability. While the effect of obliquity on the extent of the HZ is comparatively small on circular orbits, it becomes highly relevant on eccentric orbits. Our experiments ...

Linsenmeier, Manuel; Lucarini, Valerio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Comparison of mid-Pliocene climate predictions produced by the HadAM3 and GCMAM3 General Circulation Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Circulation Models Alan M. Haywood a, , Mark A. Chandler b , Paul J. Valdes c , Ulrich Salzmann d , Daniel J set of Piacenzian Stage land cover [Salzmann, U., Haywood, A.M., Lunt, D.J., Valdes, P.J., Hill, D intervals in Earth History (e.g. Kutzbach and Otto-Bliesner, 1982; Barron and Washington, 1982; Valdes

25

On testing the significance of atmospheric response to smoke from the Kuwaiti oil fires using the Los Alamos general circulation model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The response of the Los Alamos atmospheric general circulation model to the smoke from the Kuwaiti oil fires set in 1991 is examined. The model has an interactive soot transport module that uses a Lagrangian tracer particle scheme. The statistical significance of the results is evaluated using a methodology based on the classic Student`s t test. Among various estimated smoke emission rates and associated visible absorption coefficients, the worst- and best-case scenarios are selected. In each of the scenarios, an ensemble of 10, 30-day June simulations are conducted with the smoke, and are compared to the same 10 June simulations without the smoke. The results of the worst-case scenario show that a statistically significant wave train pattern propagates eastward-poleward downstream from the source. The signals favorably compare with the observed climate anomalies in summer 1991, albeit some possible El Nino-Southern Oscillation effects were involved in the actual climate. The results of the best-case (i.e., least-impact) scenario show that the significance is rather small but that its general pattern is quite similar to that in the worst-case scenario. 24 refs., 5 figs.

Chih-Yue Jim Kao; Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1994-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

26

On the Wind Power Input to the Ocean General Circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The wind power input to the ocean general circulation is usually calculated from the time-averaged wind products. Here, this wind power input is reexamined using available observations, focusing on the role of the synoptically ...

Zhai, Xiaoming

27

Carbon-nitrogen interactions regulate climate-carbon cycle feedbacks: results from an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forests indi- cates that the model representation of competition between plants and microbes for new mineral nitrogen resources is reasonable. Our results suggest a weaker dependence of net land carbon flux on soil moisture changes in tropical regions... National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6335, USA 2Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543-1543, USA 3Climate and Global Dynamics Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research...

Thornton, P. E.; Doney, S. C.; Lindsay, Keith; Moore, J. K.; Mahowald, N. M.; Randerson, J. T.; Fung, I.; Lamarque, J. F.; Feddema, Johannes J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Use of ARM observations and numerical models to determine radiative and latent heating profiles of mesoscale convective systems for general circulation models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This three-year project, in cooperation with Professor Bob Houze at University of Washington, has been successfully finished as planned. Both ARM (the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program) data and cloud-resolving model (CRM) simulations were used to identify the water budgets of clouds observed in two international field campaigns. The research results achieved shed light on several key processes of clouds in climate change (or general circulation models), which are summarized below. 1. Revealed the effect of mineral dust on mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) Two international field campaigns near a desert and a tropical coast provided unique data to drive and evaluate CRM simulations, which are TWP-ICE (the Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment) and AMMA (the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis). Studies of the two campaign data were contrasted, revealing that much mineral dust can bring about large MCSs via ice nucleation and clouds. This result was reported as a PI presentation in the 3rd ASR Science Team meeting held in Arlington, Virginia in March 2012. A paper on the studies was published in the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences (Zeng et al. 2013). 2. Identified the effect of convective downdrafts on ice crystal concentration Using the large-scale forcing data from TWP-ICE, ARM-SGP (the Southern Great Plains) and other field campaigns, Goddard CRM simulations were carried out in comparison with radar and satellite observations. The comparison between model and observations revealed that convective downdrafts could increase ice crystal concentration by up to three or four orders, which is a key to quantitatively represent the indirect effects of ice nuclei, a kind of aerosol, on clouds and radiation in the Tropics. This result was published in the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences (Zeng et al. 2011) and summarized in the DOE/ASR Research Highlights Summaries (see http://www.arm.gov/science/highlights/RMjY5/view). 3. Used radar observations to evaluate model simulations In cooperation with Profs. Bob Houze at University of Washington and Steven Rutledge at Colorado State University, numerical model results were evaluated with observations from W- and C-band radars and CloudSat/TRMM satellites. These studies exhibited some shortcomings of current numerical models, such as too little of thin anvil clouds, directing the future improvement of cloud microphysics parameterization in CRMs. Two papers of Powell et al (2012) and Zeng et al. (2013), summarizing these studies, were published in the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 4. Analyzed the water budgets of MCSs Using ARM data from TWP-ICE, ARM-SGP and other field campaigns, the Goddard CRM simulations were carried out to analyze the water budgets of clouds from TWP-ICE and AMMA. The simulations generated a set of datasets on clouds and radiation, which are available http://cloud.gsfc.nasa.gov/. The cloud datasets were available for modelers and other researchers aiming to improve the representation of cloud processes in multi-scale modeling frameworks, GCMs and climate models. Special datasets, such as 3D cloud distributions every six minutes for TWP-ICE, were requested and generated for ARM/ASR investigators. Data server records show that 86,206 datasets were downloaded by 120 users between April of 2010 and January of 2012. 5. MMF simulations The Goddard MMF (multi-scale modeling framework) has been improved by coupling with the Goddard Land Information System (LIS) and the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GOES5). It has also been optimized on NASA HEC supercomputers and can be run over 4000 CPUs. The improved MMF with high horizontal resolution (1 x 1 degree) is currently being applied to cases covering 2005 and 2006. The results show that the spatial distribution pattern of precipitation rate is well simulated by the MMF through comparisons with satellite retrievals from the CMOPRH and GPCP data sets. In addition, the MMF results were compared with three reanalyses (MERRA, ERA-Interim and CFSR). Although the MMF tends

Tao, Wei-Kuo; Houze, Robert, A., Jr.; Zeng, Xiping

2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

29

Thermohaline circulation stability : a box model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A thorough analysis of the stability of uncoupled and coupled versions of an inter-hemispheric 3-box model of Thermohaline Circulation (THC) is presented. The model consists of a northern high latitudes box, a tropical ...

Lucarini, Valerio

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Integration of Different Wave Forcing Formulations with Nearshore Circulation Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave-induced circulation in general coastal environments is simulated by coupling two widely-used finite-element models, namely, a refraction-diffraction-reflection model based on the elliptic mild-slope equation, and a two-dimensional (depth...

Sharma, Abhishek

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

31

Ice shelf-ocean interactions in a general circulation model : melt-rate modulation due to mean flow and tidal currents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactions between the ocean circulation in sub-ice shelf cavities and the overlying ice shelf have received considerable attention in the context of observed changes in flow speeds of marine ice sheets around Antarctica. ...

Dansereau, Véronique

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Use of ARM observations and numerical models to determine radiative and latent heating profiles of mesoscale convective systems for general circulation models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examined cloud radar data in monsoon climates, using cloud radars at Darwin in the Australian monsoon, on a ship in the Bay of Bengal in the South Asian monsoon, and at Niamey in the West African monsoon. We followed on with a more in-depth study of the continental MCSs over West Africa. We investigated whether the West African anvil clouds connected with squall line MCSs passing over the Niamey ARM site could be simulated in a numerical model by comparing the observed anvil clouds to anvil structures generated by the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) mesoscale model at high resolution using six different ice-phase microphysical schemes. We carried out further simulations with a cloud-resolving model forced by sounding network budgets over the Niamey region and over the northern Australian region. We have devoted some of the effort of this project to examining how well satellite data can determine the global breadth of the anvil cloud measurements obtained at the ARM ground sites. We next considered whether satellite data could be objectively analyzed to so that their large global measurement sets can be systematically related to the ARM measurements. Further differences were detailed between the land and ocean MCS anvil clouds by examining the interior structure of the anvils with the satellite-detected the CloudSat Cloud Profiling Radar (CPR). The satellite survey of anvil clouds in the Indo-Pacific region was continued to determine the role of MCSs in producing the cloud pattern associated with the MJO.

Houze, Jr., Robert A. [University of Washington Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

33

Observed Characteristics of Clouds and Precipitating Systems Associated with the Tropical Circulation in Global Models and Reanalyses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation presents a series of work related to the representation of the Hadley circulation (HC) in atmospheric reanalyses and general circulation models (GCMs), with connections to the underlying tropical and subtropical cloud systems...

Stachnik, Justin Paul

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

34

Turbulent convection in the anelastic rotating sphere : a model for the circulation on the giant planets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis studies the dynamics of a rotating compressible gas sphere, driven by internal convection, as a model for the dynamics on the giant planets. We develop a new general circulation model for the Jovian atmosphere, ...

Kaspi, Yohai

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

On the Wind Power Input to the Ocean General Circulation XIAOMING ZHAI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Wind Power Input to the Ocean General Circulation XIAOMING ZHAI Atmospheric, Oceanic January 2012, in final form 3 May 2012) ABSTRACT The wind power input to the ocean general circulation is usually calculated from the time-averaged wind products. Here, this wind power input is reexamined using

Johnson, Helen

36

GFDL ARM Project Technical Report: Using ARM Observations to Evaluate Cloud and Convection Parameterizations & Cloud-Convection-Radiation Interactions in the GFDL Atmospheric General Circulation Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report briefly summarizes the progress made by ARM postdoctoral fellow, Yanluan Lin, at GFDL during the period from October 2008 to present. Several ARM datasets have been used for GFDL model evaluation, understanding, and improvement. This includes a new ice fall speed parameterization with riming impact and its test in GFDL AM3, evaluation of model cloud and radiation diurnal and seasonal variation using ARM CMBE data, model ice water content evaluation using ARM cirrus data, and coordination of the TWPICE global model intercomparison. The work illustrates the potential and importance of ARM data for GCM evaluation, understanding, and ultimately, improvement of GCM cloud and radiation parameterizations. Future work includes evaluation and improvement of the new dynamicsPDF cloud scheme and aerosol activation in the GFDL model.

V. Ramaswamy; L. J. Donner; J-C. Golaz; S. A. Klein

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

37

Power-Law and Long-Memory Characteristics of the Atmospheric General Circulation DMITRY I. VYUSHIN AND PAUL J. KUSHNER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power-Law and Long-Memory Characteristics of the Atmospheric General Circulation DMITRY I. VYUSHIN memory'' or ``power-law'' model. Such a model fits a temporal spectrum to a single power-law function, which thereby accumulates more power at lower frequencies than an AR1 fit. In this study, several power

38

COMPUTATIONAL MODELING OF CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED REACTORS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Details of numerical simulations of two-phase gas-solid turbulent flow in the riser section of Circulating Fluidized Bed Reactor (CFBR) using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) technique are reported. Two CFBR riser configurations are considered and modeled. Each of these two riser models consist of inlet, exit, connecting elbows and a main pipe. Both riser configurations are cylindrical and have the same diameter but differ in their inlet lengths and main pipe height to enable investigation of riser geometrical scaling effects. In addition, two types of solid particles are exploited in the solid phase of the two-phase gas-solid riser flow simulations to study the influence of solid loading ratio on flow patterns. The gaseous phase in the two-phase flow is represented by standard atmospheric air. The CFD-based FLUENT software is employed to obtain steady state and transient solutions for flow modulations in the riser. The physical dimensions, types and numbers of computation meshes, and solution methodology utilized in the present work are stated. Flow parameters, such as static and dynamic pressure, species velocity, and volume fractions are monitored and analyzed. The differences in the computational results between the two models, under steady and transient conditions, are compared, contrasted, and discussed.

Ibrahim, Essam A

2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

39

Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including upward shifts in the ver- tical velocities and distributions of cloud water and ice as the seaUpward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations circulation of the atmosphere shift upward in response to warming in simu- lations of climate change with both

O'Gorman, Paul

40

Circulation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A frequency domain finite element model for tidal circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A highly efficient finite element model has been developed for the numerical prediction of depth average circulation within small scale embayments which are often characterized by irregular boundaries and bottom topography.

Westerink, Joannes J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

1950 B i M d l 1960 General Circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AFA 2001 TAR 2000 Earth System Models (ESMs) 2014 ARS Climate Research Meteo- rology Climate Change Atmosphere Ocean Models (AOGCMs) 1979 Charney Report 1990 FAR 1995 SAR 2007 AFA 2001 TAR 2000 Earth System Models (ESMs) 2014 ARS Climate Research Meteo- rology Climate Change Science and Policy 1 Cl Re Meteo

Rannacher, Rolf

43

Testing Components of New Community Isopycnal Ocean Circulation Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ocean and atmosphere are both governed by the same physical laws and models of the two media have many similarities. However, there are critical differences that call for special methods to provide the best simulation. One of the most important difference is that the ocean is nearly opaque to radiation in the visible and infra-red part of the spectrum. For this reason water mass properties in the ocean are conserved along trajectories for long distances and for long periods of time. For this reason isopycnal coordinate models would seem to have a distinct advantage in simulating ocean circulation. In such a model the coordinate surfaces are aligned with the natural paths of near adiabatic, density conserving flow in the main thermocline. The difficulty with this approach is at the upper and lower boundaries of the ocean, which in general do not coincide with density surfaces. For this reason hybrid coordinate models were proposed by Bleck and Boudra (1981) in which Cartesian coordinates were used near the ocean surface and isopycnal coordinates were used in the main thermocline. This feature is now part of the HICOM model (Bleck, 2002).

Bryan, Kirk

2008-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

44

Demonstration of an advanced circulation fludized bed coal combustor phase 1: Cold model study. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It was found that there was a strong dependence of the density profile on the secondary air injection location and that there was a pronounced solid separation from the conveying gas, due to the swirl motion. Furthermore, the swirl motion generated strong internal circulation patterns and higher slip velocities than in the case of nonswirl motion as in an ordinary circulating fluidized bed. Radial solids flux profiles were measured at different axial locations. The general radial profile in a swirling circulating fluidized bed indicated an increased downward flow of solids near the bed walls, and strong variations in radial profiles along the axial height. For swirl numbers less than 0.9, which is typical for swirling circulating fluidized beds, there is no significant increase in erosion due to swirl motion inside the bed. Pending further investigation of swirl motion with combustion, at least from our cold model studies, no disadvantages due to the introduction of swirl motion were discovered.

Govind, R. [Cincinnati Univ., OH (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1993-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

45

Optimal control of CPR procedure using hemodynamic circulation model  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for determining a chest pressure profile for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) includes the steps of representing a hemodynamic circulation model based on a plurality of difference equations for a patient, applying an optimal control (OC) algorithm to the circulation model, and determining a chest pressure profile. The chest pressure profile defines a timing pattern of externally applied pressure to a chest of the patient to maximize blood flow through the patient. A CPR device includes a chest compressor, a controller communicably connected to the chest compressor, and a computer communicably connected to the controller. The computer determines the chest pressure profile by applying an OC algorithm to a hemodynamic circulation model based on the plurality of difference equations.

Lenhart, Suzanne M. (Knoxville, TN); Protopopescu, Vladimir A. (Knoxville, TN); Jung, Eunok (Seoul, KR)

2007-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

46

The Atmospheric General Circulation in Thermodynamical Coordinates JOAKIM KJELLSSON AND KRISTOFER DO O S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the cycle has a peak transport of 428 Sv (Sv [ 109 kg s21 ). The thermodynamic cycle encapsulates a globally. Introduction The atmospheric general circulation forms as a re- sponse to differential solar heating (solar heating and ocean heat fluxes) vary. El Ni~no­Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is one of the dominant

Döös, Kristofer

47

Arctic sea ice velocity field: General circulation and turbulent-like fluctuations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arctic sea ice velocity field: General circulation and turbulent-like fluctuations P. Rampal,1,2 J the Arctic sea ice velocity field as the superposition of a mean field and fluctuations. We study how subtracting the mean field, are analyzed in terms of diffusion properties. Although the Arctic sea ice cover

Boyer, Edmond

48

Mercury exosphere I. Global circulation model of its sodium component  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mercury exosphere I. Global circulation model of its sodium component Francois Leblanc a,*, R 2010 Accepted 27 April 2010 Available online 5 May 2010 Keywords: Mercury, Atmosphere Aeronomy a b s t r a c t Our understanding of Mercury's sodium exosphere has improved considerably in the last 5

Johnson, Robert E.

49

Seasonal Mean Circulation on the Irish Shelf { A Model-Generated Climatology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Mean Circulation on the Irish Shelf { A Model-Generated Climatology Daniel R. Lynch and interpret the climatological mean circulation in these waters, with emphasis on the Irish Shelf

50

Modeling of a coal-fired natural circulation boiler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modeling of a natural circulation boiler for a coal-fired thermal power station is presented here. The boiler system is divided into seven subcomponents, and for each section, models based on conservation of mass, momentum, and energy are formulated. The pressure drop at various sections and the heat transfer coefficients are computed using empirical correlations. Solutions are obtained by using SIMULINK. The model is validated by comparing its steady state and dynamic responses with the actual plant data. Open loop responses of the model to the step changes in the operating parameters, such as pressure, temperature, steam flow, feed water flow, are also analyzed. The present model can be used for the development and design of effective boiler control systems.

Bhambare, K.S.; Mitra, S.K.; Gaitonde, U.N. [Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (India). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Decadal changes in the equatorial Pacific circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An ocean general circulation model with data assimilation is used to analyze the decadal changes in the tropical Pacific Ocean circulation. Results indicate that the variability in the Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) and subtropical cells (STC) have...

Urizar, S. Cristina

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

RHP: HOW CLIMATE MODELS GAIN AND EXERCISE How Climate Models Gain and Exercise Authority  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dimensional models, intermediate complexity models, general circulation models, and Earth system models. 2 www

Hulme, Mike

53

The impact of methane thermodynamics on seasonal convection and circulation in a model Titan atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of methane thermodynamics on seasonal convection and circulation in a model Titan mechanisms controlling the distribution of methane convection and large-scale circulation in a simplified, axisymmetric model atmosphere of Titan forced by gray radiation and moist (methane) con- vection. The large

Caballero, Rodrigo

54

Seasonal Mean Circulation in the Yellow Sea A ModelGenerated Climatology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Mean Circulation in the Yellow Sea ­ A Model­Generated Climatology Christopher E. Naimie 1://www­nml.dartmouth.edu/Publications/external publications/PUB­00­1 email: d.r.lynch@dartmouth.edu Abstract The three­dimensional climatological circulation

55

A numerical ocean circulation model of the Norwegian and Greenland Seas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A numerical ocean circulation model of the Norwegian and Greenland Seas DAVID P STEVENS School of the Norwegian and Greenland Seas are investigated using a three-dimensional primitive equation ocean circulation and seasonally varying wind and thermohalme forcing. The connections of the Norwegian and Greenland Seas

Stevens, David

56

Posters A Stratiform Cloud Parameterization for General Circulation Models  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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57

Posters Comparison Between General Circulation Model Simulation and Central Equatorial  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006PhotovoltaicSeptember 22, 2014SocietyJ. Dudhia51 Posters A59417361

58

Posters Treatment of Cloud Radiative Effects in General Circulation Models  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006PhotovoltaicSeptember 22, 2014SocietyJ. Dudhia51

59

Evaluation of cirrus statistics produced by general circulation models  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicy and Assistance100 tonusing ARM data cirrus statistics

60

Thermodynamics of the General Diffusion Process: Equilibrium Supercurrent and Nonequilibrium Driven Circulation with Dissipation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unbalanced probability circulation, which yields cyclic motions in phase space, is the defining characteristics of a stationary diffusion process without detailed balance. In over-damped soft matter systems, such behavior is a hallmark of the presence of a sustained external driving force accompanied with dissipations. In an under-damped and strongly correlated system, however, cyclic motions are often the consequences of a conservative dynamics. In the present paper, we give a novel interpretation of a class of diffusion processes with stationary circulation in terms of a Maxwell-Boltzmann equilibrium in which cyclic motions are on the level set of stationary probability density function thus non-dissipative, e.g., a supercurrent. This implies an orthogonality between stationary circulation $J^{ss}(x)$ and the gradient of stationary probability density $f^{ss}(x)>0$. A sufficient and necessary condition for the orthogonality is a decomposition of the drift $b(x)=j(x)+ D(x)\

Hong Qian

2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Testing Linear Diagnostics of Ensemble Performance on a Simplified Global Circulation Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is inherently flow dependent and that the ensemble predicts potential patterns of forecast errors more reliably than the magnitudes of the errors. A low-resolution global circulation model is implemented to calculate linear diagnostics in the vector space...

Nelson, Ethan

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

62

Solution of the multiple traveling salesman problem with a circulation network model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOLUTION OF THE MULTIPLE TRAVELING SALESMAN PROBLEM WITH A CIRCULATION NETWORK MODEL A Thesis by RONALD RAY FORESTER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1983 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering SOLUTION OF THE MULTIPLE TRAVELING SALESMAN PROBLEM WITH A CIRCULATION NETWORK MODEL A Thesis by RONALD RAY FORESTER Approved as to style and content by: erto are&a- saz...

Forester, Ronald Ray

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Modeling bronchial circulation with application to soluble gas exchange: description and sensitivity analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling bronchial circulation with application to soluble gas exchange: description into an existing model that describes the simul- taneous exchange of heat, water, and a soluble gas in the airways and represents an avenue to understanding the ex- change process. The soluble gas used in the model simulations

George, Steven C.

64

Circulation Sensitivity to Heating in a Simple Model of Baroclinic Turbulence PABLO ZURITA-GOTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Circulation Sensitivity to Heating in a Simple Model of Baroclinic Turbulence PABLO ZURITA-level model on the form and strength of the heating, aiming to understand the qualitatively different sensitivity of the isentropic slope on differential heating reported by previous idealized studies when

Vallis, Geoff

65

COBRA-WC model and predictions for a fast-reactor natural-circulation transient. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The COBRA-WC (Whole Core) code has been used to predict the core-wide coolant and rod temperature distribution in a liquid metal fast reactor during the early part (first 220 seconds) of a natural circulation transient. Approximately one-sixth of the core was modeled including bypass flows and the pressure losses above and below the core region. Detailed temperature and flow distributions were obtained for the two test fuel assemblies. The COBRA-WC model, the approach, and predictions of core-wide transient coolant and rod temperatures during a natural circulation transient are presented in this paper.

George, T.L.; Basehore, K.L.; Prather, W.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Computable General Equilibrium Models for Sustainability Impact...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Screenshot References: Computable general equilibrium models1 Abstract "Sustainability Impact Assessment (SIA) of economic, environmental, and social effects triggered by...

67

Model-free adaptive control of supercritical circulating fluidized-bed boilers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel 3-Input-3-Output (3.times.3) Fuel-Air Ratio Model-Free Adaptive (MFA) controller is introduced, which can effectively control key process variables including Bed Temperature, Excess O2, and Furnace Negative Pressure of combustion processes of advanced boilers. A novel 7-input-7-output (7.times.7) MFA control system is also described for controlling a combined 3-Input-3-Output (3.times.3) process of Boiler-Turbine-Generator (BTG) units and a 5.times.5 CFB combustion process of advanced boilers. Those boilers include Circulating Fluidized-Bed (CFB) Boilers and Once-Through Supercritical Circulating Fluidized-Bed (OTSC CFB) Boilers.

Cheng, George Shu-Xing; Mulkey, Steven L

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

68

Development of the Great Lakes Ice-circulation Model (GLIM): Application to Lake Erie in 20032004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

due to strong cooling and wind mixing. Prediction of the lake's ice extent (i.e., ice coverDevelopment of the Great Lakes Ice-circulation Model (GLIM): Application to Lake Erie in 2003: Received 4 May 2009 Accepted 30 November 2009 Communicated by Dr. Ram Yerubandi Index words: Coupled Ice

69

Evaluating carbon sequestration efficiency in an ocean circulation model by adjoint sensitivity analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating carbon sequestration efficiency in an ocean circulation model by adjoint sensitivity the application of the adjoint method to develop three-dimensional maps of carbon sequestration efficiency. Sequestration efficiency (the percentage of carbon injected at a continuous point source that remains

Follows, Mick

70

The temporal cascade structure of reanalyses and Global Circulation models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and stochastic forecasting. 1. Introduction "Weather prediction by Numerical Process" (Richardson, 1922 equations. While these equations are deterministic, numerical weather prediction has been increasingly of the deterministic models. Interestingly, Richardson is not only the father of numerical weather forecasting, he

Lovejoy, Shaun

71

February 2002 Modelling The Conveyor Belt Circulation using MICOM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thknss. consistent with cooling #12;Large heat loss in Antarctic winter ameliorated (Too much?) #12;Grid Project · Oceans transport about half the heat from Tropics to Polar Regions · Wind Driven ocean/Xie-Arkin: Precipitation · Model SST + Bulk Forcing (Large et al.) Surface Flux of Heat and Freshwater #12;· NO RESTORING

Nadiga, Balasubramanya T. "Balu"

72

Central South Pacific thermocline water circulation from a high-resolution ocean model validated against satellite data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Central South Pacific thermocline water circulation from a high-resolution ocean model validated. Introduction [2] Most South Pacific Ocean studies have been focused on its western or eastern part, leaving 12 January 2009; accepted 28 January 2009; published 13 May 2009. [1] The oceanic circulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

73

A Simplified Model of the Walker Circulation with an Interactive Ocean Mixed Layer and Cloud-Radiative Feedbacks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Simplified Model of the Walker Circulation with an Interactive Ocean Mixed Layer and Cloud-Radiative, to leading order, these are set by the horizontally varying ocean heat transport and clear-sky radiative on the radiation budget, are strongly coupled to the large-scale circulation of both the atmosphere and ocean

Bretherton, Chris

74

MODELING STRATEGIES TO COMPUTE NATURAL CIRCULATION USING CFD IN A VHTR AFTER A LOFA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prismatic gas-cooled very high temperature reactor (VHTR) is being developed under the next generation nuclear plant program (NGNP) of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy. In the design of the prismatic VHTR, hexagonal shaped graphite blocks are drilled to allow insertion of fuel pins, made of compacted TRISO fuel particles, and coolant channels for the helium coolant. One of the concerns for the reactor design is the effects of a loss of flow accident (LOFA) where the coolant circulators are lost for some reason, causing a loss of forced coolant flow through the core. In such an event, it is desired to know what happens to the (reduced) heat still being generated in the core and if it represents a problem for the fuel compacts, the graphite core or the reactor vessel (RV) walls. One of the mechanisms for the transport of heat out of the core is by the natural circulation of the coolant, which is still present. That is, how much heat may be transported by natural circulation through the core and upwards to the top of the upper plenum? It is beyond current capability for a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analysis to perform a calculation on the whole RV with a sufficiently refined mesh to examine the full potential of natural circulation in the vessel. The present paper reports the investigation of several strategies to model the flow and heat transfer in the RV. It is found that it is necessary to employ representative geometries of the core to estimate the heat transfer. However, by taking advantage of global and local symmetries, a detailed estimate of the strength of the resulting natural circulation and the level of heat transfer to the top of the upper plenum is obtained.

Yu-Hsin Tung; Richard W. Johnson; Ching-Chang Chieng; Yuh-Ming Ferng

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Study of natural circulation in a VHTR after a LOFA using different turbulence models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural convection currents in the core are anticipated in the event of the failure of the gas circulator in a prismatic gas-cooled very high temperature reactor (VHTR). The paths that the helium coolant takes in forming natural circulation loops and the effective heat transport are of interest. The heated flow in the reactor core is turbulent during normal operating conditions and at the beginning of the LOFA with forced convection, but the flow may significantly be slowed down after the event and laminarized with mixed convection. In the present study, the potential occurrence and effective heat transport of natural circulation are demonstrated using computational fluid dynamic (CFD) calculations with different turbulence models as well as laminar flow. Validations and recommendation on turbulence model selection are conducted. The study concludes that large loop natural convection is formed due to the enhanced turbulence levels by the buoyancy effect and the turbulent regime near the interface of upper plenum and flow channels increases the flow resistance for channel flows entering upper plenum and thus less heat can be removed from the core than the prediction by laminar flow assumption.

Yu-Hsin Tung; Yuh-Ming Ferng; Richard W. Johnson; Ching-Chang Chieng

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Impact of the Southern ocean winds on sea-ice - ocean interaction and its associated global ocean circulation in a warming world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation discusses a linkage between the Southern Ocean (SO) winds and the global ocean circulation in the framework of a coarse-resolution global ocean general circulation model coupled to a sea-ice model. In addition to reexamination...

Cheon, Woo Geunn

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

A Transient Model of Induced Natural Circulation Thermal Cycling for Hydrogen Isotope Separation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The property of selective temperature dependence of adsorption and desorption of hydrogen isotopes by palladium is used for isotope separation. A proposal to use natural circulation of nitrogen to alternately heat and cool a packed bed of palladium coated beads is under active investigation, and a device consisting of two interlocking natural convection loops is being designed. A transient numerical model of the device has been developed to aid the design process. It is a one-dimensional finite-difference model, using the Boussinesq approximation. The thermal inertia of the pipe walls and other heat structures as well as the heater control logic is included in the model. Two system configurations were modeled and results are compared.

SHADDAY, MARTIN

2005-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

78

Ocean Circulation During the Last Glacial Maximum Simulated by PMIP3 Climate Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the intensity of the Atlantic Overturning Circulation (distinguished by the local maximum at approximately 30 N %. In the plot corresponding to the World Ocean Circulation, an increase in the Deep Circulation, associated of the water masses as well as the impact on ocean carbon storage. References: [1] Godfrey J. S., Geophysics

Schmittner, Andreas

79

Modelling anisotropic fluid spheres in general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue that an arbitrary general relativistic anisotropic fluid sphere, (spherically symmetric but with transverse pressure not equal to radial pressure), can nevertheless be successfully modelled by suitable linear combinations of quite ordinary classical matter: an isotropic perfect fluid, a classical electromagnetic field, and a classical (minimally coupled) scalar field. While the most general decomposition is not unique, a preferred minimal decomposition can be constructed that is unique. We show how the classical energy conditions for the anisotropic fluid sphere can be related to energy conditions for the isotropic perfect fluid, electromagnetic field, and scalar field components of the model. Furthermore we show how this decomposition relates to the distribution of electric charge density and scalar charge density throughout the model that is used to mimic the anisotropic fluid sphere. Consequently, we can build physically reasonable matter models for almost any spherically symmetric spacetime.

Boonserm, Petarpa; Visser, Matt

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Single-Column Modeling A Stratiform Cloud Parameterization for General Circulation Models  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2)Sharing Smart GridShiftMethodSimwYpes(tm)Single microbeC.J.A

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Quasi-steady model for predicting temperature of aqueous foams circulating in geothermal wellbores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A quasi-steady model has been developed for predicting the temperature profiles of aqueous foams circulating in geothermal wellbores. The model assumes steady one-dimensional incompressible flow in the wellbore; heat transfer by conduction from the geologic formation to the foam is one-dimensional radially and time-dependent. The vertical temperature distribution in the undisturbed geologic formation is assumed to be composed of two linear segments. For constant values of the convective heat-transfer coefficient, a closed-form analytical solution is obtained. It is demonstrated that the Prandtl number of aqueous foams is large (1000 to 5000); hence, a fully developed temperature profile may not exist for representative drilling applications. Existing convective heat-transfer-coefficient solutions are adapted to aqueous foams. The simplified quasi-steady model is successfully compared with a more-sophisticated finite-difference computer code. Sample temperature-profile calculations are presented for representative values of the primary parameters. For a 5000-ft wellbore with a bottom hole temperature of 375{sup 0}F, the maximum foam temperature can be as high as 300{sup 0}F.

Blackwell, B.F.; Ortega, A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Sensitivities of zonal mean atmospheric circulation to SST warming in an aquaplanet model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] What causes these circulation changes is not fully understood. Since global warming and El Niño, storm tracks, or the boundaries of Hadley cell circulations under global warming [e.g., Yin, 2005 and the latitude of surface westerlies in response to El Niño versus global warming [Lu et al., 2008; Chen et al

Chen, Gang

83

Modeling Wind-Driven Circulation and Landfast Ice-Edge Processes during Polynya Events in Northern Baffin Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

attached to the ice edge that is generated during strong northerly wind events. Primary production heat polynyas. In the former case, sea ice is continuously advected by winds and/or currents away fromModeling Wind-Driven Circulation and Landfast Ice-Edge Processes during Polynya Events in Northern

84

Model for Energy Supply System Alternatives and their General...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

System Alternatives and their General Environmental Impacts (MESSAGE) (Redirected from Model for Energy Supply System Alternatives and their General Environmental Impacts) Jump to:...

85

A Babcock-Leighton solar dynamo model with multi-cellular meridional circulation in advection- and diffusion-dominated regimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Babcock-Leighton type solar dynamo models with single-celled meridional circulation are successful in reproducing many solar cycle features. Recent observations and theoretical models of meridional circulation do not indicate a single-celled flow pattern. We examine the role of complex multi-cellular circulation patterns in a Babcock-Leighton solar dynamo in advection- and diffusion-dominated regimes. We show from simulations that presence of a weak, second, high-latitude reverse cell speeds up the cycle and slightly enhances the poleward branch in butterfly diagram, whereas the presence of a second cell in depth reverses the tilt of butterfly wing to an anti-solar type. A butterfly diagram constructed from middle of convection zone yields a solar-like pattern, but this may be difficult to realize in the Sun because of magnetic buoyancy effects. Each of the above cases behaves similarly in higher and lower magnetic diffusivity regimes. However, our dynamo with a meridional circulation containing four cells in...

Belucz, Bernadett; Forgacs-Dajka, Emese

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Atlantic Ocean circulation at the last glacial maximum : inferences from data and models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis focuses on ocean circulation and atmospheric forcing in the Atlantic Ocean at the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 18-21 thousand years before present). Relative to the pre-industrial climate, LGM atmospheric CO? ...

Dail, Holly Janine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

New model for nucleon generalized parton distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a new type of models for nucleon generalized parton distributions (GPDs) H and E. They are heavily based on the fact nucleon GPDs require to use two forms of double distribution (DD) representations. The outcome of the new treatment is that the usual DD+D-term construction should be amended by an extra term, {xi} E{sub +}{sup 1} (x,{xi}) which has the DD structure {alpha}/{beta} e({beta},{alpha}, with e({beta},{alpha}) being the DD that generates GPD E(x,{xi}). We found that this function, unlike the D-term, has support in the whole -1 <= x <= 1 region. Furthermore, it does not vanish at the border points |x|={xi}.

Radyushkin, Anatoly V. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Interactions between the Indonesian Throughflow and circulations in the Indian and Pacific Oceans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactions between the Indonesian Throughflow and circulations in the Indian and Pacific Oceans with the Indonesian Throughflow (IT), particularly concerning subsurface currents in the Pacific Ocean, are studied model (LOM), both confined to the Indo-Pacific basin; and a global, ocean general circulation model

Jensen, Tommy

89

Mechanisms for Tropical Tropospheric Circulation Change in Response to Global Warming*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanisms for Tropical Tropospheric Circulation Change in Response to Global Warming* JIAN MA change in global warming is studied by comparing the response of an atmospheric general circulation model globally in response to SST warming. A diagnostic framework is developed based on a linear baroclinic model

Xie, Shang-Ping

90

Interacting holographic generalized Chaplygin gas model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we consider a correspondence between the holographic dark energy density and interacting generalized Chaplygin gas energy density in FRW universe. Then we reconstruct the potential of the scalar field which describe the generalized Chaplygin cosmology.

M. R. Setare

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Modeling International Relationships in Applied General Equilibrium...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Relationships in Applied General Equilibrium (MIRAGE) AgencyCompany Organization: International Food Policy Research Institute, Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations...

92

antigen circulating anodic: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

introduced to study the role of ocean circulation on the mean climate of the coupled ... Marshall, John C. 409 Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global...

93

Use of a 3D liver microreactor as an in vitro model for the study of bile acid synthesis and hepatobiliary circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The liver regulates a myriad of vital functions including bile acid synthesis, hepatobiliary circulation, cholesterol homeostasis, drug metabolism, etc. This thesis focuses on the use of a 3D in vitro model of liver to ...

Llamas Vidales, Jose Ricardo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Comparative Evaluation of Generalized River/Reservoir System Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report reviews user-oriented generalized reservoir/river system models. The terms reservoir/river system, reservoir system, reservoir operation, or river basin management "model" or "modeling system" are used synonymously to refer to computer...

Wurbs, Ralph A.

95

Aluminium in an ocean general circulation model compared with the West Atlantic Geotraces cruises  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Duce, 1987; Measures et al., 2005; Orians and Bruland, 1986). When dust enters the ocean, a part of its

Stoffelen, Ad

96

Multiple sea-ice states and abrupt MOC transitions in a general circulation ocean model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

different land ice distributions represent present-day and cold-climate conditions. In each case the ocean is observed. The cold climate runs lead to meridional sea-ice extents that are different by up to four degrees. Y. Ashkenazy (&) Á D. Mirzayof Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, BIDR, Ben

Tziperman, Eli

97

Flying the TRMM Satellite in a general circulation model Laura D. Fowler, and David A. Randall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Randall Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA Received

Randall, David A.

98

Lakes in General Circulation Models Primary Investigator: Brent Lofgren -NOAA GLERL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Investigators: Chris Milly, Isaac Held, Bruce Wyman - NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Overview The use

99

Towards explaining the Nd paradox using reversible scavenging in an ocean general circulation model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the rare earth element neodymium (Nd) has the potential to serve as water-mass tracer, because a,b , Sidney Hemming a,b , Robert F. Anderson a,b a Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9W, Palisades, NY 10964, USA b Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Columbia

Khatiwala, Samar

100

Discriminating robust and non-robust atmospheric circulation responses to global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discriminating robust and non-robust atmospheric circulation responses to global warming Michael response to global warming in a set of atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs) is investigated. The global-warmed climate is forced by a global pattern of warmed ocean surface temperatures

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

HOMOGENEOUS MODELS IN GENERAL RELATIVITY AND GAS DYNAMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HOMOGENEOUS MODELS IN GENERAL RELATIVITY AND GAS DYNAMICS O. I. BOGOYAVLENSKII AND S. P. NOVIKOV analytically) in general relativity and gas dynamics. The investigation of these models is carried out begins with a short survey of results on non-trivial models (that is, those that are not integrable

Novikov, Sergei Petrovich

102

The southern ocean meridional overturning circulation as diagnosed from an eddy permitting state estimate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A modern general circulation model of the Southern Ocean with one-sixth of a degree resolution is optimized to the observed ocean in a weighted least squares sense. Convergence to the state estimate solution is carried out ...

Mazloff, Matthew R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A Generalized Pyrolysis Model for Combustible Solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

processes such as flash pyrolysis [187], but it has not yetreaction model for flash wood pyrolysis,” Fuel 68: 1408–

Lautenberger, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Generalized Terminal Modeling of Electromagnetic Interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Terminal models have been used for various applications. In this paper, a three-terminal model is proposed for electromagnetic-interference (EMI) characterization. The model starts with a power electronic system at a particular operating condition and creates a unique linearized equivalent circuit. Impedances and current/voltage sources define the noise throughout the entire EMI frequency spectrum. All parameters needed to create the model are clearly defined to ensure convergence and maximize accuracy. In addition, the accuracy of the model is confirmed up to 100 MHz for a dc-dc boost converter using both simulation and experimental validation.

Baisden, Andrew Carson [IEEE Industrial Applications Society; Boroyevich, Dushan [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Wang, Fei [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A Generalized Pyrolysis Model for Combustible Solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model. ?H c is the heat of combustion, and the ratio ?H c /?may have widely varying heats of combustion (CO vs. gaseous

Lautenberger, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

A General Model for Epistemic State Revision using Plausibility Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A General Model for Epistemic State Revision using Plausibility Measures Jianbing Ma 1 and Weiru Liu1 Abstract. In this paper, we present a general revision model on epistemic states based on plausibility measures proposed by Fried- man and Halpern. We propose our revision strategy and give some

Liu, Weiru

107

A single model of interacting dark energy: generalized phantom energy or generalized Chaplygin gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present a model in which dark energy interacts with matter. The former is represented by a variable equation of state. It is shown that the phantom crossing takes place at zero redshift, moreover, stable scaling solution of the Friedmann equations is obtained. I show that dark energy is most probably be either generalized phantom energy or the generalized Chaplygin gas.

Mubasher Jamil

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

108

Efficient inference in general semiparametric regression models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conclusions ................. 33 II.5.3.1. Can Semiparametric Methods Improve Upon the Sample Mean? .......... 34 II.5.3.2. How Critical Are Our Assumptions on Z?35 III TESTING IN SEMIPARAMETRIC MODELS WITH IN- TERACTION ............................ 38 III.1... ........................................ 134 x LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1. Significance levels (p-values) of the test for genetic e?ects in a regression model in which Z is years since stopped smoking. ..... 68 2. Mean, empirical standard errors (emp s.e.), root mean squared error (RMSE...

Maity, Arnab

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

109

INVESTIGATION A General Mechanistic Model for Admixture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model of admixture that mechanistically accounts for complex historical admixture processes. We consider about the historical admixture processes contributing to the genetic diversity of hybrid populations; Tang et al. 2006; Sankararaman et al. 2008; Bercovici and Geiger 2009; Price et al. 2009). Admixed

Rosenberg, Noah

110

Generalized models and benchmarks for channel coordination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model.? The vendor orders in bulk and dispatches to the buyer in smaller quantities. Hence, the number of buyer re- plenishments within one replenishment cycle of the vendor is an integer variable. Due to the stepwise structure of the replenishment cost...- patch policy to the buyer significantly effects the profits of the system. In Chapter V, we discuss seven major dispatch policies that have been proposed in the previous literature. Some of these policies exhibit easily implementable structures; others...

Toptal, Aysegul

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

111

Double Generalized Linear Models: Approximate REML and Diagnostics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

added com­ plication in a generalized linear model setting by adjusting the working vector and working the dispersion will be of direct interest in its own right, to identify the sources of variability

Smyth, Gordon K.

112

Estimating Probability Distributions from Complex Models with Bifurcations: The Case of Ocean Circulation Collapse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studying the uncertainty in computationally expensive models has required the development of specialized methods, including alternative sampling techniques and response surface approaches. However, existing techniques for ...

Webster, Mort David.

113

Overturning and wind driven circulation in a low-order ocean-atmosphere model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

july 2002 Abstract A low-order ocean-atmosphere model is presented which combines coupling through heat exchange at the interface and wind stress forcing. The coupling terms are derived from the boundary conditions and the forcing terms of the constituents. Both the ocean and the atmosphere model are based

van Veen, Lennaert

114

Random Item Modeling: An Extension and Generalization of MIRID models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be seen in both the RF- and the RR-MIRD models and meets ourthe FR- MIRID and the RR-MIRD show the better fit than thestudy shows how various RI-MIRD models fit verbal aggression

Lee, Yongsang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Chinese Journal of Polar Science, Vol. 19, No.2, 168 -184, December 2008 Modeling seasonal variations of ocean and sea ice circulation in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(CILER) , School of Natural Resources and Envi- ronment, University of Michigan, 4840 S State Road, Ann variations of ocean and sea ice circulation in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas: A model-data fusion study Wang, M148108 USA 2 Department of Ocean Sciences, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4

116

Dealing with big circulation flow, small temperature difference based on verified dynamic model simulations of a hot water district heating system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEALING WITH “BIG CIRCULATION FLOW RATE, SMALL TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE” BASED ON VERIFIED DYNAMIC MODEL SIMULATIONS OF A HOT WATER DISTRICT HEATING SYSTEM Li Lian Zhong, Senior Sales Consultant, Danfoss Automatic Controls Management (Shanghai...) Co.,Ltd, Anshan, China ABSTRACT Dynamic models of an indirect hot water district heating system were developed based on the first principle of thermodynamics. The ideal model was verified by using measured operational data. The ideal...

Zhong, L.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Generalized Chaplygin gas model: Cosmological consequences and statefinder diagnosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The generalized Chaplygin gas (GCG) model in spatially flat universe is investigated. The cosmological consequences led by GCG model including the evolution of EoS parameter, deceleration parameter and dimensionless Hubble parameter are calculated. We show that the GCG model behaves as a general quintessence model. The GCG model can also represent the pressureless CDM model at the early time and cosmological constant model at the late time. The dependency of transition from decelerated expansion to accelerated expansion on the parameters of model is investigated. The statefinder parameters $r$ and $s$ in this model are derived and the evolutionary trajectories in $s-r$ plane are plotted. Finally, based on current observational data, we plot the evolutionary trajectories in $s-r$ and $q-r$ planes for best fit values of the parameters of GCG model. It has been shown that although, there are similarities between GCG model and other forms of chaplygin gas in statefinder plane, but the distance of this model from the $\\Lambda$CDM fixed point in $s-r$ diagram is shorter compare with standard chaplygin gas model.

M. Malekjani; A. Khodam-Mohammadi; N. Nazari-Pooya

2011-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

118

Correlation Effects in a Simple Stochastic Model of the Thermohaline Circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. monahana@uvic.ca August 8, 2002 Present Address: School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055 STN CSC, Victoria BC, Canada, V8P 5C2 1 #12;Abstract A simple model

Monahan, Adam Hugh

119

Lyapunov Exponents of a Simple Stochastic Model of the Thermally and Wind-Driven Ocean Circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

August 8, 2002 Present Address: School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055 STN CSC,Victoria BC, Canada, V8P 5C2 0 #12;Abstract A reformulation of the simple model

Monahan, Adam Hugh

120

Virasoro representations and fusion for general augmented minimal models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present explicit results for the fusion of irreducible and higher rank representations in two logarithmically conformal models, the augmented c_{2,3} = 0 model as well as the augmented Yang-Lee model at c_{2,5} = -22/5. We analyse their spectrum of representations which is consistent with the symmetry and associativity of the fusion algebra. We also describe the first few higher rank representations in detail. In particular, we present the first examples of consistent rank 3 indecomposable representations and describe their embedding structure. Knowing these two generic models we also conjecture the general representation content and fusion rules for general augmented c_{p,q} models.

Holger Eberle; Michael Flohr

2006-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Transition-Zone Water Filter Model for Global Material Circulation: Where Do We Stand?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a small melt fraction, highly incompatible elements including hydro- gen, helium and argon are sequestered the fraction of water is small. Models have been developed to understand the structure of a melt layer Hilst, et al., 1997]), then the whole mantle is depleted with only a small volume (~10%) of relatively

122

Locomotion of articulated bodies in an ideal fluid: 2d model with buoyancy, circulation and collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) is a basic model for the study of shape- changing underwater vehicles made of rigid parts linked together, stealthier and more maneuverable than if propeller-driven. So-called autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV) or unmanned undersea vehicles (UUV) have been used extensively to carry out varied missions: for instance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

123

Generalized holographic dark energy model described at the Hubble length  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We generalize the holographic dark energy model described in Hubble length IR cutoff by assuming a slowly time varying function for holographic parameter $c^2$. We calculate the evolution of EoS parameter and the deceleration parameter as well as the evolution of dark energy density in this generalized model. We show that the phantom line is crossed from quintessence regime to phantom regime which is in agreement with observation. The evolution of deceleration parameter indicates the transition from decelerated to accelerated expansion. Eventually, we show that the GHDE with HIR cutoff can interpret the pressureless dark matter era at the early time and dark energy dominated phase later.

M. Malekjani

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

124

Modeling Smart Grid using Generalized Stochastic Petri Net  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building smart grid for power system is a major challenge for safe, automated and energy efficient usage of electricity. The full implementation of the smart grid will evolve over time. However, before a new set of infrastructures are invested to build the smart grid, proper modeling and analysis is needed to avoid wastage of resources. Modeling also helps to identify and prioritize appropriate systems parameters. In this paper, an all comprehensive model of smart grid have been proposed using Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets (GSPN). The model is used to analyze the constraints and deliverables of the smart power grid of future.

Dey, Amrita; Sanyal, Sugata

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

A preliminary model of the circulating blood for use in radiation dose calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Advisory Committee: Dr. John W. Poston Currently, there is a need for a dosimetric model to describe the circulatory system in an adult human. This need exists because of the increasing number of radiopharmaceuticals used in nuclear medicine which... Administered Activity for Indium-113m-labeled Blood Platelets for Selected Organs biological data on blood volume and distribution in the circulatory system (A163, Ba61, Co71, Fo71, Sm84, Mc74) . Only major organs that contain large amounts of blood were...

Hui, Tsz-Yik Edmond

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

New agegraphic dark energy model with generalized uncertainty principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the new agegraphic dark energy models with generalized uncertainty principle (GUP). It turns out that although the GUP affects the early universe, it does not change the current and future dark energy-dominated universe significantly. Furthermore, this model could describe the matter-dominated universe in the past only when the parameter $n$ is chosen to be $n>n_c$, where the critical value determined to be $n_c=2.799531478$.

Yong-Wan Kim; Hyung Won Lee; Yun Soo Myung; Mu-In Park

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

127

Pseudo supersymmetric partners for the generalized Swanson model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New non Hermitian Hamiltonians are generated, as isospectral partners of the generalized Swanson model, viz., $ H_- = {\\cal{A}}^{\\dagger} {\\cal{A}} + \\alpha {\\cal{A}} ^2 + \\beta {\\cal{A}}^{\\dagger 2} $, where $ \\alpha \\beta $ are real constants, with $ \\alpha \

A. Sinha; P. Roy

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

128

Holographic entanglement entropy in general holographic superconductor models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the entanglement entropy of general holographic dual models both in AdS soliton and AdS black hole backgrounds with full backreaction. We find that the entanglement entropy is a good probe to explore the properties of the holographic superconductors and provides richer physics in the phase transition. We obtain the effects of the scalar mass, model parameter and backreaction on the entropy, and argue that the jump of the entanglement entropy may be a quite general feature for the first order phase transition. In strong contrast to the insulator/superconductor system, we note that the backreaction coupled with the scalar mass can not be used to trigger the first order phase transition if the model parameter is below its bottom bound in the metal/superconductor system.

Yan Peng; Qiyuan Pan

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

129

A general holographic metal/superconductor phase transition model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the scalar condensation of a general holographic superconductor model in AdS black hole background away from the probe limit. We find the model parameters together with the scalar mass and backreaction can determine the order of phase transitions completely. In addition, we observe two types of discontinuities of the scalar operator in the case of first order phase transitions. We analyze in detail the effects of the scalar mass and backreaction on the formation of discontinuities and arrive at an approximate relation between the threshold model parameters. Furthermore, we obtain superconductor solutions corresponding to higher energy states and examine the stability of these superconductor solutions.

Yan Peng; Yunqi Liu

2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

130

A general holographic metal/superconductor phase transition model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the scalar condensation of a general holographic superconductor model in AdS black hole background away from the probe limit. We find the model parameters together with the scalar mass and backreaction can determine the order of phase transitions completely. In addition, we observe two types of discontinuities of the scalar operator in the case of first order phase transitions. We analyze in detail the effects of the scalar mass and backreaction on the formation of discontinuities and arrive at an approximate relation between the threshold model parameters. Furthermore, we obtain superconductor solutions corresponding to higher energy states and examine the stability of these superconductor solutions.

Yan Peng; Yunqi Liu

2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

131

Holographic Dark Energy Model with Modified Generalized Chaplygin Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a holographic dark energy model of the universe considering modified generalized Chaplygin gas (GCG). The modified GCG behaves as an ordinary barotropic fluid in the early epoch when the universe was tiny but behaves subsequently as a $\\Lambda$CDM model at late epoch. An equivalent model with scalar field is obtained here by constructing the corresponding potential. The holographic dark energy is identified with the modified GCG and we determine the corresponding holographic dark energy field and its potential. The stability of the holographic dark energy in this case is also discussed.

B. C. Paul; P. Thakur; A. Saha

2007-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

132

Design of a General Plasma Simulation Model, Fundamental Aspects and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of a General Plasma Simulation Model, Fundamental Aspects and Applications PROEFONTWERP ter, Gerard Maria Design of a General Plasma Simulation Model, Fundamental Aspects and Applications

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

133

Global Ocean Circulation Modeling with an Isopycnic Coordinate Model. Final Report for May 1, 1998 - April 30, 2002  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall aim of this project was to continue development of a global version of the Miami Isopycnic Coordinate Ocean Model (MICOM) with the intent of turning it into a full-fledged oceanic component of an earth system model.

Bleck, R.

2004-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

134

Thick brane models in generalized theories of gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work deals with thick braneworld models, in an environment where the Ricci scalar is changed to accommodate the addition of two extra terms, one depending on the Ricci scalar itself, and the other, which takes into account the trace of the energy-momentum tensor of the scalar field that sources the braneworld scenario. We suppose that the scalar field engenders standard kinematics, and we show explicitly that the gravity sector of this new braneworld scenario is linearly stable. We illustrate the general results investigating two distinct models, focusing on how the brane profile is changed in the modified theories.

Bazeia, D; Menezes, R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

General properties of cosmological models with an Isotropic Singularity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Much of the published work regarding the Isotropic Singularity is performed under the assumption that the matter source for the cosmological model is a barotropic perfect fluid, or even a perfect fluid with a $\\gamma$-law equation of state. There are, however, some general properties of cosmological models which admit an Isotropic Singularity, irrespective of the matter source. In particular, we show that the Isotropic Singularity is a point-like singularity and that vacuum space-times cannot admit an Isotropic Singularity. The relationships between the Isotropic Singularity, and the energy conditions, and the Hubble parameter is explored. A review of work by the authors, regarding the Isotropic Singularity, is presented.

Geoffery Ericksson; Susan M. Scott

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

136

Generalized Cosmic Chaplygin Gas Model with or without Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently developed Generalized Cosmic Chaplygin gas (GCCG) is studied as an unified model of dark matter and dark energy. To explain the recent accelerating phase, the Universe is assumed to have a mixture of radiation and GCCG. The mixture is considered for without or with interaction. Solutions are obtained for various choices of the parameters and trajectories in the plane of the statefinder parameters and presented graphically. For particular choice of interaction parameter, we have shown the role of statefinder parameters in various cases for the evolution of the Universe.

Writambhara Chakraborty; Ujjal Debnath; Subenoy Chakraborty

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Generalized lepton number and dark left-right gauge model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a left-right gauge model of particle interactions, the left-handed fermion doublet ({nu},e){sub L} is connected to its right-handed counterpart (n,e){sub R} through a scalar bidoublet so that e{sub L} pairs with e{sub R}, and {nu}{sub L} with n{sub R} to form mass terms. Suppose the latter link is severed without affecting the former, then n{sub R} is not the mass partner of {nu}{sub L}, and as we show in this paper, becomes a candidate for dark matter which is relevant for the recent PAMELA and ATIC observations. We accomplish this in a specific nonsupersymmetric model, where a generalized lepton number can be defined, so that n{sub R} and W{sub R}{sup {+-}} are odd under R{identical_to}(-1){sup 3B+L+2j}. Fermionic leptoquarks are also predicted.

Khalil, Shaaban [Center for Theoretical Physics, British University in Egypt, El Sherouk City, Postal No. 11837, P.O. Box 43 (Egypt); Department of Mathematics, Ain Shams University, Faculty of Science, Cairo 11566 (Egypt); Lee, Hye-Sung; Ma, Ernest [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 (United States)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Electromagnetic Mass Models in General Theory of Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Electromagnetic mass" where gravitational mass and other physical quantities originate from the electromagnetic field alone has a century long distinguished history. In the introductory chapter we have divided this history into three broad categories -- classical, quantum mechanical and general relativistic. Each of the categories has been described at a length to get the detailed picture of the physical background. Recent developments on Repulsive Electromagnetic Mass Models are of special interest in this introductory part of the thesis. In this context we have also stated motivation of our work. In the subsequent chapters we have presented our results and their physical significances. It is concluded that the electromagnetic mass models which are the sources of purely electromagnetic origin ``have not only heuristic flavor associated with the conjecture of Lorentz but even a physics having unconventional yet novel features characterizing their own contributions independent of the rest of the physics".

Sumana Bhadra

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

139

A general stochastic model for sporophytic self-incompatibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Disentangling the processes leading populations to extinction is a major topic in ecology and conservation biology. The difficulty to find a mate in many species is one of these processes. Here, we investigate the impact, on the extinction probability, of self-incompatibility in flowering plants, where several inter-compatible classes of individuals exist but individuals of the same class cannot mate. We model pollen limitation through different relationships between mate availability and fertilization success. After deriving a general stochastic model, we focus on the simple case of distylous plant species where only two classes of individuals exist. We first investigate the dynamics of such a species in a large population limit and then, we look for an approximation of the extinction probability in small populations. This leads us to consider inhomogeneous random walks on the positive quadrant. We compare the dynamics of distylous species to self-fertile species with and without inbreeding depression, to in...

Billiard, Sylvain

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Simple ocean carbon cycle models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Simple ocean carbon cycle models can be used to calculate the rate at which the oceans are likely to absorb CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere. For problems involving steady-state ocean circulation, well calibrated ocean models produce results that are very similar to results obtained using general circulation models. Hence, simple ocean carbon cycle models may be appropriate for use in studies in which the time or expense of running large scale general circulation models would be prohibitive. Simple ocean models have the advantage of being based on a small number of explicit assumptions. The simplicity of these ocean models facilitates the understanding of model results.

Caldeira, K. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Hoffert, M.I. [New York Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Earth System Sciences; Siegenthaler, U. [Bern Univ. (Switzerland). Inst. fuer Physik

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Long-term effects of anthropogenic CO2 emissions simulated with a complex earth system model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long-term effects of anthropogenic CO2 emissions simulated with a complex earth system model Uwe earth system model con- sisting of an atmospheric general circulation model, an ocean general

Winguth, Arne

142

Convective Precipitation Variability as a Tool for General Circulation Model Analysis CHARLOTTE A. DEMOTT, DAVID A. RANDALL, AND MARAT KHAIROUTDINOV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. DEMOTT, DAVID A. RANDALL, AND MARAT KHAIROUTDINOV Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State

Randall, David A.

143

Carbon-nitrogen interactions regulate climate-carbon cycle feedbacks: results from an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 P. E. Thornton et al. : Carbon-nitrogen interactionsregulate climate-carbon cycle feedbacks Monfray, P. ,T. H. : A global ocean carbon climatology: Results from

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Proton radioactivity within a generalized liquid drop model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The proton radioactivity half-lives of spherical proton emitters are investigated theoretically. The potential barriers preventing the emission of protons are determined in the quasimolecular shape path within a generalized liquid drop model (GLDM) including the proximity effects between nuclei in a neck and the mass and charge asymmetry. The penetrability is calculated with the WKB approximation. The spectroscopic factor has been taken into account in half-life calculation, which is obtained by employing the relativistic mean field (RMF) theory combined with the BCS method with the force NL3. The half-lives within the GLDM are compared with the experimental data and other theoretical values. The GLDM works quite well for spherical proton emitters when the spectroscopic factors are considered, indicating the necessity of introducing the spectroscopic factor and the success of the GLDM for proton emission. Finally, we present two formulas for proton emission half-life calculation similar to the Viola-Seaborg formulas and Royer's formulas of alpha decay.

J. M. Dong; H. F. Zhang; G. Royer

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

145

Model for Energy Supply System Alternatives and their General...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

their General Environmental Impacts AgencyCompany Organization: International Atomic Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Pathways...

146

Interacting generalized Chaplygin gas model in non-flat universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We employ the generalized Chaplygin gas of interacting dark energy to obtain the equation of state for the generalized Chaplygin gas energy density in non-flat universe. By choosing a negative value for $B$ we see that $w_{\\rm \\Lambda}^{eff}< -1$, that corresponds to a universe dominated by phantom dark energy.

M R Setare

2007-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

147

A single model of traversable wormholes supported by generalized phantom energy or Chaplygin gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper discusses a new variable equation of state parameter leading to exact solutions of the Einstein field equations describing traversable wormholes. In addition to generalizing the notion of phantom energy, the equation of state generates a mathematical model that combines the generalized phantom energy and the generalized Chaplygin gas models.

Peter K. F. Kuhfittig

2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

148

Water isotopes and the general circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is depleted. #12;Distillation: vapor and condensate Isotopic fractionation -35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 0 0 of idealized isotopic fractionation Expression of isotopic fractionation in nature Attributing signals" 18 = (R/Rstandard-1)x1000 R = moles of H2 18O/moles of H2 16O #12;Isotopic fractionation Isotopic

Noone, David

149

A Generalized Notion of Platforms for Model Driven Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany kuehne@informatik.tu-darmstadt.de 1 Introduction Model driven development (MDD

Kühne, Thomas

150

Generalized charge-screening in relativistic Thomas–Fermi model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the charge shielding within the relativistic Thomas-Fermi model for a wide range of electron number-densities and the atomic-number of screened ions. A generalized energy-density relation is obtained using the force-balance equation and taking into account the Chandrasekhar's relativistic electron degeneracy pressure. By numerically solving a second-order nonlinear differential equation, the Thomas-Fermi screening length is investigated, and the results are compared for three distinct regimes of the solid-density, warm-dense-matter, and white-dwarfs (WDs). It is revealed that our nonlinear screening theory is compatible with the exponentially decaying Thomas-Fermi-type shielding predicted by the linear response theory. Moreover, the variation of relative Thomas-Fermi screening length shows that extremely dense quantum electron fluids are relatively poor charge shielders. Calculation of the total number of screening electrons around a nucleus shows that there is a position of maximum number of screening localized electrons around the screened nucleus, which moves closer to the point-like nucleus by increase in the plasma number density but is unaffected due to increase in the atomic-number value. It is discovered that the total number of screening electrons, (N{sub s}?r{sub TF}{sup 3}/r{sub d}{sup 3} where r{sub TF} and r{sub d} are the Thomas-Fermi and interparticle distance, respectively) has a distinct limit for extremely dense plasmas such as WD-cores and neutron star crusts, which is unique for all given values of the atomic-number. This is equal to saying that in an ultrarelativistic degeneracy limit of electron-ion plasma, the screening length couples with the system dimensionality and the plasma becomes spherically self-similar. Current analysis can provide useful information on the effects of relativistic correction to the charge screening for a wide range of plasma density, such as the inertial-confined plasmas and compact stellar objects.

Akbari-Moghanjoughi, M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, 51745-406 Tabriz, Iran and International Centre for Advanced Studies in Physical Sciences and Institute for Theoretical Physics, Ruhr University Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Generalizing the running vacuum energy model and comparing with the entropic-force models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We generalize the previously proposed running vacuum energy model by including a term proportional to \\dot{H}, in addition to the existing H^2 term. We show that the added degree of freedom is very constrained if both low redshift and high redshift data are taken into account. Best-fit models are undistinguishable from LCDM at the present time, but could be distinguished in the future with very accurate data at both low and high redshifts. We stress the formal analogy at the phenomenological level of the running vacuum models with recently proposed dark energy models based on the holographic or entropic point of view, where a combination of \\dot{H} and H^2 term is also present. However those particular entropic formulations which do not have a constant term in the Friedmann equations are not viable. The presence of this term is necessary in order to allow for a transition from a decelerated to an accelerated expansion. In contrast, the running vacuum models, both the original and the generalized one introduced here contain this constant term in a more natural way. Finally, important conceptual issues common to all these models are emphasized.

Spyros Basilakos; David Polarski; Joan Sola

2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

152

PERSPECTIVE Patterns and causes of species richness: a general simulation model for macroecology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDEA AND PERSPECTIVE Patterns and causes of species richness: a general simulation model. The output from such a general simulation model (GSM) would, at a minimum, consist of the simulated forces. As an alternative, we propose a mechanistic modelling approach. We describe computer simulation

Arita, Héctor T.

153

Introduction to (Generalized) Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Models in Time Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 4 ARCH/GARCH models 8 4.1 Sample Application and application of the ARCH/GARCH models proposed in the 1980's by econometricians such as Robert Engle (who won at the time). In particular, we focus on the paper, "GARCH 101: The Use of ARCH/GARCH Models in Applied Econo

Morrow, James A.

154

Circulating Fluid Bed Combustor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The circulating bed combustor represents an alternative concept of burning coal in fluid bed technology, which offers distinct advantages over both the current conventional fluidized bed combustion system and the pulverized coal boilers equipped...

Fraley, L. D.; Do, L. N.; Hsiao, K. H.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Generalized Electric Polarizability of the Proton from Skyrme Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the electric polarizability $\\alpha(q^2)$ of the proton in virtual Compton scattering using the Skyrme model. The $q^2$ dependence of the polarizability is comparable with the predictions obtained from the non-relativistic quark model and the linear sigma model. The chiral behaviors of our $\\alpha(0)$ and $d^2\\alpha(0)/d^2q^2$ agree with the results of the chiral perturbation theory. The discrepancy can be traced back to the contribution of the intermediate $\\Delta$ state degenerate with the $N$ which is a characteristic of a large-$N_C$ model.

Myunggyu Kim; Dong-Pil Min

1997-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

156

Assessment of the ocean circulation in the Azores region as predicted by a numerical model assimilating altimeter data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) on the new perspectives in data assimilation). In the SIMAN project (SIMulation de l'Atlantique Nord Stream area (Blayo et al., 1996). It has been shown that the model is able to reproduce

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

157

Hospital Readmission in General Medicine Patients: A Prediction Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J Med. 1985;313: JGIM Hasan et al. : Hospital ReadmissionA Prediction Model Omar Hasan, MBBS, MPH 1,2 , David O.online December 15, 2009 Hasan et al. : Hospital Readmission

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

STATISTICAL MODELS FOR MULTIPLE SEQUENCE ALIGNMENT: UNIFICATIONS AND GENERALIZATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Stanford University; Charles E. Lawrence, NYS­DOH Jun S. Liu, Department of Statistics, Stanford University and our main point of interest. We believe that building explicit statistical model is an important

Liu, Jun

159

Augmented Lagrangian method for generalized TV-Stokes model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reducing stair-case effect. Keyword: TV-Stokes model, Augmented Lagrangian method, Image inpainting, Image and stair-case effect [6­10]. The authors [9] showed that the TV-L2 model never recover the same contrast-010 and MOE (Ministry of Education) Tier II project T207N2202. jyhahn@ntu.edu.sg CLWU@ntu.edu.sg §xctai@ntu

Soatto, Stefano

160

Global circulation as the main source of cloud activity on Titan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clouds on Titan result from the condensation of methane and ethane and, as on other planets, are primarily structured by circulation of the atmosphere. At present, cloud activity mainly occurs in the southern (summer) hemisphere, arising near the pole and at mid-latitudes from cumulus updrafts triggered by surface heating and/or local methane sources, and at the north (winter) pole, resulting from the subsidence and condensation of ethane-rich air into the colder troposphere. General circulation models predict that this distribution should change with the seasons on a 15-year timescale, and that clouds should develop under certain circumstances at temperate latitudes (~40\\degree) in the winter hemisphere. The models, however, have hitherto been poorly constrained and their long-term predictions have not yet been observationally verified. Here we report that the global spatial cloud coverage on Titan is in general agreement with the models, confirming that cloud activity is mainly controlled by the global circ...

Rodriguez, Sébastien; Rannou, Pascal; Tobie, Gabriel; Baines, Kevin H; Barnes, Jason W; Griffith, Caitlin A; Hirtzig, Mathieu; Pitman, Karly M; Sotin, Christophe; Brown, Robert H; Buratti, Bonnie J; Clark, Roger N; Nicholson, Phil D; 10.1038/NATURE08014

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

From residue matching patterns to protein folding topographies: General model and bovine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From residue matching patterns to protein folding topographies: General model and bovine pancreatic-grained model for protein-folding dynamics is introduced based on a discretized representation of torsional, pattern recognition, and general characteristics of protein folding kinetics. Topology here implies

Berry, R. Stephen

162

Dark Energy - Dark Matter Unification: Generalized Chaplygin Gas Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the main features of the generalized Chaplygin gas (GCG) proposal for unification of dark energy and dark matter and discuss how it admits an unique decomposition into dark energy and dark matter components once phantom-like dark energy is excluded. In the context of this approach we consider structure formation and show that unphysical oscillations or blow-up in the matter power spectrum are not present. Moreover, we demonstrate that the dominance of dark energy occurs about the time when energy density fluctuations start evolving away from the linear regime.

Orfeu Bertolami

2005-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

163

Development and Implementation of a Composite Model for Wave, Circulation, and Sediment Processes in Ibaka Deep Seaport in Nigeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for economic empowerment of both local residents and the state. This study has three segments: field experiments, numerical experiments and data analyses. NearCoM-­?TVD was chosen as the base model for this study because of its efficiency, accuracy...

Paul, Ephraim Udo

2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

164

Baryonic torii: Toroidal baryons in a generalized Skyrme model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a Skyrme-type model with a potential term motivated by Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs), which we call the BEC Skyrme model. We consider two flavors of the model, the first is the Skyrme model and the second has a sixth-order derivative term instead of the Skyrme term; both with the added BEC-motivated potential. The model contains toroidally shaped Skyrmions and they are characterized by two integers P and Q, representing the winding numbers of two complex scalar fields along the toroidal and poloidal cycles of the torus, respectively. The baryon number is B=PQ. We find stable Skyrmion solutions for P=1,2,3,4,5 with Q=1, while for P=6 and Q=1 it is only metastable. We further find that configurations with higher Q>1 are all unstable and split into Q configurations with Q=1. Finally we discover a phase transition, possibly of first order, in the mass parameter of the potential under study.

Sven Bjarke Gudnason; Muneto Nitta

2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

165

Generalized Ginzburg-Landau models for non-conventional superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review some recent extensions of the Ginzburg-Landau model able to describe several properties of non-conventional superconductors. In the first extension, s-wave superconductors endowed with two different critical temperatures are considered, their main thermodynamical and magnetic properties being calculated and discussed. Instead in the second extension we describe spin-triplet superconductivity (with a single critical temperature), studying in detail the main predicted physical properties. A thorough discussion of the peculiar predictions of our models and their physical consequences is as well performed.

S. Esposito; G. Salesi

2009-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

166

Boreal lakes moderate seasonal and diurnal temperature variation and perturb atmospheric circulation: Analyses in the Community Earth System Model 1 (CESM1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

remote ocean temperatures to respond, whereas a terrestrial cooling,summer cooling at 850 hPa. Significant remote changescooling due to a change in ocean circulation would imply a compensating remote

Subin, Z.M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

System Advisor Model, SAM 2014.1.14: General Description  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the capabilities of the U.S. Department of Energy and National Renewable Energy Laboratory's System Advisor Model (SAM), Version 2013.9.20, released on September 9, 2013. SAM is a computer model that calculates performance and financial metrics of renewable energy systems. Project developers, policy makers, equipment manufacturers, and researchers use graphs and tables of SAM results in the process of evaluating financial, technology, and incentive options for renewable energy projects. SAM simulates the performance of photovoltaic, concentrating solar power, solar water heating, wind, geothermal, biomass, and conventional power systems. The financial model can represent financial structures for projects that either buy and sell electricity at retail rates (residential and commercial) or sell electricity at a price determined in a power purchase agreement (utility). SAM's advanced simulation options facilitate parametric and sensitivity analyses, and statistical analysis capabilities are available for Monte Carlo simulation and weather variability (P50/P90) studies. SAM can also read input variables from Microsoft Excel worksheets. For software developers, the SAM software development kit (SDK) makes it possible to use SAM simulation modules in their applications written in C/C++, C#, Java, Python, and MATLAB. NREL provides both SAM and the SDK as free downloads at http://sam.nrel.gov. Technical support and more information about the software are available on the website.

Blair, N.; Dobos, A. P.; Freeman, J.; Neises, T.; Wagner, M.; Ferguson, T.; Gilman, P.; Janzou, S.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

System Advisor Model, SAM 2011.12.2: General Description  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the capabilities of the U.S. Department of Energy and National Renewable Energy Laboratory's System Advisor Model (SAM), Version 2011.12.2, released on December 2, 2011. SAM is software that models the cost and performance of renewable energy systems. Project developers, policy makers, equipment manufacturers, and researchers use graphs and tables of SAM results in the process of evaluating financial, technology, and incentive options for renewable energy projects. SAM simulates the performance of solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, and conventional power systems. The financial model can represent financing structures for projects that either buy and sell electricity at retail rates (residential and commercial) or sell electricity at a price determined in a power purchase agreement (utility). Advanced analysis options facilitate parametric, sensitivity, and statistical analyses, and allow for interfacing SAM with Microsoft Excel or with other computer programs. SAM is available as a free download at http://sam.nrel.gov. Technical support and more information about the software are available on the website.

Gilman, P.; Dobos, A.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Gamma-ray Burst Models: General Requirements and Predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Whatever the ultimate energy source of gamma-ray bursts turns out to be, the resulting sequence of physical events is likely to lead to a fairly generic, almost unavoidable scenario: a relativistic fireball that dissipates its energy after it has become optically thin. This is expected both for cosmological and halo distances. Here we explore the observational motivation of this scenario, and the consequences of the resulting models for the photon production in different wavebands, the energetics and the time structure of classical gamma-ray bursters.

P. Meszaros

1995-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

170

Novel Geometrical Models of Relativistic Stars. I. The General Scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a series of articles we describe a novel class of geometrical models of relativistic stars. Our approach to the static spherically symmetric solutions of Einstein equations is based on a careful physical analysis of radial gauge conditions. It brings us to a two parameter family of relativistic stars without stiff functional dependence between the stelar radius and stelar mass. It turns out that within this family there do exist relativistic stars with arbitrary large mass, which are to have arbitrary small radius and arbitrary small luminosity. In addition, point particle idealization, as a limiting case of bodies with finite dimension, becomes possible in GR, much like in Newton gravity.

P. P. Fiziev

2004-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

171

Generalized models as a universal approach to the analysis of nonlinear dynamical systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a universal approach to the investigation of the dynamics in generalized models. In these models the processes that are taken into account are not restricted to specific functional forms. Therefore a single generalized models can describe a class of systems which share a similar structure. Despite this generality, the proposed approach allows us to study the dynamical properties of generalized models efficiently in the framework of local bifurcation theory. The approach is based on a normalization procedure that is used to identify natural parameters of the system. The Jacobian in a steady state is then derived as a function of these parameters. The analytical computation of local bifurcations using computer algebra reveals conditions for the local asymptotic stability of steady states and provides certain insights on the global dynamics of the system. The proposed approach yields a close connection between modelling and nonlinear dynamics. We illustrate the investigation of generalized models by considering examples from three different disciplines of science: a socio-economic model of dynastic cycles in china, a model for a coupled laser system and a general ecological food web.

Thilo Gross; Ulrike Feudel

2006-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

172

Portable oven air circulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable air circulating apparatus for use in cooking ovens which is used to create air currents in the oven which transfer heat to cooking foodstuffs to promote more rapid and more uniform cooking or baking, the apparatus including a motor, fan blade and housing of metallic materials selected from a class of heat resistant materials.

Jorgensen, Jorgen A. (Bloomington, MN); Nygren, Donald W. (Minneapolis, MN)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Option Pricing for GARCH-type Models with Generalized Hyperbolic Innovations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Option Pricing for GARCH-type Models with Generalized Hyperbolic Innovations Christophe Chorro on equity option books. Given the historical measure, the dynamics of assets are modeled by Garch, Incomplete markets, CAC 40, SP 500, GARCH-type models. JEL classification: G13, C22. The authors

Boyer, Edmond

174

The Transient Circulation Response to Radiative Forcings and Sea Surface Warming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tropospheric circulation shifts have strong potential to impact surface climate. But the magnitude of these shifts in a changing climate, and the attending regional hydrological changes, are difficult to project. Part of this difficulty arises from our lack of understanding of the physical mechanisms behind the circulation shifts themselves. In order to better delineate circulation shifts and their respective causes, we decompose the circulation response into (1) the "direct" response to radiative forcings themselves, and (2) the "indirect" response to changing sea surface temperatures. Using ensembles of 90-day climate model simulations with immediate switch-on forcings, including perturbed greenhouse gas concentrations, stratospheric ozone concentrations, and sea surface temperatures, we document the direct and indirect transient responses of the zonal mean general circulation, and investigate the roles of previously proposed mechanisms in shifting the midlatitude jet. We find that both the direct and indirect wind responses often begin in the lower stratosphere. Changes in midlatitude eddies are ubiquitous and synchronous with the midlatitude zonal wind response. Shifts in the critical latitude of wave absorption on either flank of the jet are not indicted as primary factors for the poleward shifting jet, although we see some evidence for increasing equatorward wave reflection over the southern hemisphere in response to sea surface warming. Mechanisms for the northern hemisphere jet shift are less clear.

Staten, Paul; Reichler, Thomas; Lu, Jian

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

IWWWFB, Plitvice, Croatia 2007 Some aspects of a generalized Wagner model.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

22nd IWWWFB, Plitvice, Croatia 2007 Some aspects of a generalized Wagner model. Malleron N and Floating Bodies, Plitvice : Croatia (2007)" #12; 22nd IWWWFB, Plitvice, Croatia 2007 The last condition

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

176

Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle Transport in a Computable General Equilibrium Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A well-known challenge in computable general equilibrium (CGE) models is to maintain correspondence between the forecasted economic and physical quantities over time. Maintaining such a correspondence is necessary to ...

Karplus, V.J.

177

Parallel Simulation for a Fish Schooling Model on a General-Purpose Graphics Processing Unit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model on a General-Purpose Graphics Processing Unit Hong LiThe current generation of graphics processing units is well-we will describe how a Graphics Pro- cessor Unit (GPU) can

Li, Hong; Kolpas, Allison; Petzold, Linda; Moehlis, J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Lost circulation in geothermal wells: survey and evaluation of industry experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lost circulation during drilling and completion of geothermal wells can be a severe problem, particularly in naturally fractured and/or vugular formations. Geothermal and petroleum operators, drilling service companies, and independent consultants were interviewed to assess the lost circulation problem in geothermal wells and to determine general practices for preventing lost circulation. This report documents the results and conclusions from the interviews and presents recommendations for needed research. In addition, a survey was also made of the lost circulation literature, of currently available lost circulation materials, and of existing lost circulation test equipment.

Goodman, M.A.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Fourier analysis for generalized cylinders with polar models of cross-sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOURIER ANALYSIS FOR GENERALIZED CYLINDERS WITH POLAR MODELS OF CROSS-SECTIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CLARENCE FORSYTHE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1990 Major Subject: Computer Science FOURIER ANALYSIS FOR GENERALIZED CYLINDERS WITH POLAR MODELS OF CROSS-SECTIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CLARENCE FORSYTHE Approved as to style and content by: Amitabha Mukerjee (Chair...

Forsythe, William Clarence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

180

Microsoft Word - 911138_0_SSC-6 Helium Circulator Test Plan_rel...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 Revision 0 ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR THE NEXT GENERATION NUCLEAR PLANT (NGNP) WITH HYDROGEN PRODUCTION Test Plan for Helium Circulators (PHTS, SCS, SHTS) Prepared by General...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

General Relativistic Shock Waves that Extend the Oppenheimer-Snyder Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

General Relativistic Shock Waves that Extend the Oppenheimer-Snyder Model JOELOEL SMOLLERMOLLER. These shock waves extend the celebrated Oppenheimer-Snyder result to the case of non-zero pressure. Our shock of a Friedmann- Robertson-Walker metric (a cosmological model for the expanding universe) to an Oppenheimer

Temple, Blake

182

A generalized 3D inverted pendulum model to represent human normal walking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A generalized 3D inverted pendulum model to represent human normal walking Sophie Sakka IRCCy,lacouture}@univ-poitiers.fr Abstract-- This paper compares different inverted pendulum models to represent the stance phase of human adapted to pathological walking as the walking symmetry hypothesis -needed to build classical inverted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

183

A General Method for Conserving Energy and Potential Enstrophy in Shallow-Water Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A General Method for Conserving Energy and Potential Enstrophy in Shallow-Water Models RICK SALMON numerical models that conserve analogs of the energy and potential enstrophy; one need only discretize, in the inviscid limit, conserve energy and an arbitrary ad- ditional invariant related to the potential vorticity

Salmon, Rick

184

USING MODEL CHECKING TO DERIVE LOOP BOUNDS OF GENERAL LOOPS WITHIN ANSI-C APPLICATIONS FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USING MODEL CHECKING TO DERIVE LOOP BOUNDS OF GENERAL LOOPS WITHIN ANSI-C APPLICATIONS for applications written in ANSI-C. The described method uses a model checker and a binary search algorithm with little pro- gramming effort for applications written in ANSI-C. The performance is probably inferior

185

Kinetic Modeling Of Solid-Gas Reactions At Reactor Scale: A General Approach Loc Favergeon1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the knowledge of the kinetic model for the calculation of the speed of reaction in one part of the reactorKinetic Modeling Of Solid-Gas Reactions At Reactor Scale: A General Approach Loïc Favergeon1 favergeon@emse.fr ABSTRACT A rigorous simulation of industrial reactors in the case of solid-gas reacting

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

186

Generalized Stoner-Wohlfarth model accurately describing the switching processes in pseudo-single ferromagnetic particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a generalized Stoner-Wohlfarth (SW) type model to describe various experimentally observed angular dependencies of the switching field in non-single-domain magnetic particles. Because the nonuniform magnetic states are generally characterized by complicated spin configurations with no simple analytical description, we maintain the macrospin hypothesis and we phenomenologically include the effects of nonuniformities only in the anisotropy energy, preserving as much as possible the elegance of SW model, the concept of critical curve and its geometric interpretation. We compare the results obtained with our model with full micromagnetic simulations in order to evaluate the performance and limits of our approach.

Cimpoesu, Dorin, E-mail: cdorin@uaic.ro; Stoleriu, Laurentiu; Stancu, Alexandru [Department of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Iasi 700506 (Romania)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

187

Numerical Simulation of a Natural Circulation Steam Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Simulation of a Natural Circulation Steam Generator W. Linzer \\Lambda , K. Ponweiser circulation steam generator. We focus on a model with a simple geometry consisting of two vertical pipes properties of water and steam. We present a numerical algorithm based on an explicit upwind discretization

Weinmüller, Ewa B.

188

Large scale oceanic circulation and fluxes of freshwater, heat, nutrients and oxygen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new, global inversion is used to estimate the large scale oceanic circulation based on the World Ocean Circulation Experiment and Java Australia Dynamic Experiment hydrographic data. A linear inverse "box" model is used ...

Ganachaud, Alexandre Similien, 1970-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

3.12 Competition models, Mutualism or Symbiosis The general n -species competition model is decribed by the following systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: 122 )1( 2 2 xK x =0 (i) Extinction case: species y wins Figure 12.1 In this case ),0( 22 KE())(),((lim 221 Ktxtx t . #12;(ii) Extinction case: species 1x win, Figure 12.2 In this case )0,( 11 KE§3.12 Competition models, Mutualism or Symbiosis The general n -species competition model

Hsu, Sze-Bi

190

b quark Electric Dipole moment in the general two Higgs Doublet and three Higgs Doublet models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the Electric Dipole moment of b quark in the general two Higgs Doublet model (model III) and three Higgs Doublet model with O(2) symmetry in the Higgs sector. We analyse the dependency of this quantity to the new phase coming from the complex Yukawa couplings and masses of charged and neutral Higgs bosons. We see that the Electric Dipole moment of b quark is at the order of 10^{-20} e cm, which is an extremely large value compared to one calculated in the SM and also two Higgs Doublet model (model II) with real Yukawa couplings.

E. O. Iltan

2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

191

Climate Determinism Revisited: Multiple Equilibria in a Complex Climate Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple equilibria in a coupled ocean–atmosphere–sea ice general circulation model (GCM) of an aquaplanet with many degrees of freedom are studied. Three different stable states are found for exactly the same set of ...

Ferreira, David

192

A model independent approach towards resource count and precision limits in a general measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A formulation towards quantifying resource count used in a measurement, that is independent of the model of the measurement dynamics(Quantum/Classical), is considered. For any general measurement with $(M+1)$ discrete outcomes, it is found that there is a unique probability distribution that minimizes the measurement error, with the error scaling as $1/M$. For a measurement with a finite resource$(R)$, this absolute bound implies the resource count to be equal to the possible outcomes i.e. $R=M$. This formulation therefore provides a model independent route towards estimating resource count used in any general measurement scheme.

H. M. Bharath; Saikat Ghosh

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

193

E-Print Network 3.0 - air circulation wall Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Prerequisites: Control Systems I & II, System Modeling, MATLABSimulink Summary: Incorporation of a Suction Model in a Mock Circulation...

194

Matter Power Spectrum for the Generalized Chaplygin Gas Model: The Newtonian Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We model the cosmic medium as the mixture of a generalized Chaplygin gas and a pressureless matter component. Within a neo-Newtonian approach (in which, different from standard Newtonian cosmology, the pressure enters the homogeneous and isotropic background dynamics) we compute the matter power spectrum. The 2dFGRS data are used to discriminate between unified models of the dark sector (a purely baryonic matter component of roughly 5 percent of the total energy content and roughly 95 percent generalized Chaplygin gas) and different models, for which there is separate dark matter, in addition to that accounted for by the generalized Chaplygin gas. Leaving the corresponding density parameters free, we find that the unified models are strongly disfavored. On the other hand, using unified model priors, the observational data are also well described, in particular for small and large values of the generalized Chaplygin gas parameter $\\alpha$. The latter result is in agreement with a recent, more qualitative but fully relativistic, perturbation analysis in Gorini et al.

J. C. Fabris; S. V. B. Goncalves; H. E. S. Velten; W. Zimdahl

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

195

Reconstructing generalized ghost condensate model with dynamical dark energy parametrizations and observational datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations of high-redshift supernovae indicate that the universe is accelerating at the present stage, and we refer to the cause for this cosmic acceleration as ``dark energy''. In particular, the analysis of current data of type Ia supernovae (SNIa), cosmic large-scale structure (LSS), and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy implies that, with some possibility, the equation-of-state parameter of dark energy may cross the cosmological-constant boundary ($w=-1$) during the recent evolution stage. The model of ``quintom'' has been proposed to describe this $w=-1$ crossing behavior for dark energy. As a single-real-scalar-field model of dark energy, the generalized ghost condensate model provides us with a successful mechanism for realizing the quintom-like behavior. In this paper, we reconstruct the generalized ghost condensate model in the light of three forms of parametrization for dynamical dark energy, with the best-fit results of up-to-date observational data.

Jingfei Zhang; Xin Zhang; Hongya Liu

2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

196

B. TRANSPORTATION, CIRCULATION AND PARKING B. TRANSPORTATION, CIRCULATION AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B. TRANSPORTATION, CIRCULATION AND PARKING 231 B. TRANSPORTATION, CIRCULATION AND PARKING on transportation and connectivity issues common to UCSF as a whole. Please refer to Chapter 5, Plans for Existing characteristics specific to each individual UCSF site. DETERMINANTS OF THE 1996 LRDP The transportation

Mullins, Dyche

197

Tree-level unitarity constraints in the most general two Higgs doublet model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We obtain tree-level unitarity constraints for the most general Two-Higgs-Doublet Model (2HDM) with explicit CP-violation. We briefly discuss correspondence between possible violation of tree-level unitarity limitation and physical content of the theory.

Ginzburg, I.F. [Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, acad. Koptyug avenue 4, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Ivanov, I.P. [Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, acad. Koptyug avenue 4, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); INFN, Gruppo Collegato di Cosenza, Ponte Bucci, 31C, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita della Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende (Serbia and Montenegro), 87036 (Italy)

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Erratum to "Nonlinear Unmixing of Hyperspectral Images Using a Generalized Bilinear Model"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Erratum to "Nonlinear Unmixing of Hyperspectral Images Using a Generalized Bilinear Model for the four images. TABLE I UNMIXING ALGORITHM PERFORMANCES WITH ACTUAL AND ESTIMATED ENDMEMBERS (1ST AND 2ND SCENARIOS): RE AND SAM. 1st scenario 2nd scenario RE (×10-2 ) SAM (×10-2 ) RE (×10-2 ) SAM (×10-2 ) LMM FM

Dobigeon, Nicolas

199

Computable General Equilibrium Models for the Analysis of Energy and Climate Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computable General Equilibrium Models for the Analysis of Energy and Climate Policies Ian Sue Wing of energy and environmental policies. Perhaps the most important of these applications is the analysis Change, MIT Prepared for the International Handbook of Energy Economics Abstract This chapter is a simple

Wing, Ian Sue

200

A general stochastic model for sporophytic self-incompatibility Sylvain Billiard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A general stochastic model for sporophytic self-incompatibility Sylvain Billiard and Viet Chi Tran. Here, we investigate the impact of self-incompatibility in flowering plants, where several inter to self-fertile species with and without inbreeding depression, to obtain the conditions under which self-incompatible

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The biogeochemistry and residual mean circulation of the southern ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I develop conceptual models of the biogeochemistry and physical circulation of the Southern Ocean in order to study the air-sea fluxes of trace gases and biological productivity and their potential changes over ...

Ito, Takamitsu, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Buoyancy-driven circulation in the Red Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the buoyancy-driven circulation in the Red Sea, using a combination of observations, as well as numerical modeling and analytical method. The first part of the thesis investigates the formation mechanism ...

Zhai, Ping, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Generalized Jackiw-Rebbi Model and Topological Classification of Free Fermion Insulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new perspective to the classification of topological phases in free fermion insulators by generalizing the Jackiw-Rebbi model to arbitrary dimensions. We show that a generalized Jackiw-Rebbi model where the Dirac mass ($m$) satisfies $m(x)=-m(-x)$ is invariant under a parity transformation ($P$) that relates the $x>0$ half to the $xtopological classification of free fermion insulators. Gapless edge states are a natural consequence of our construction and their topological nature can be understood from the fact that all gapless edge states at a given interface transform similarly under $P$ (all odd or all even). A naive non-topological model for states confined to the interface will allow both even and odd states.

O. Nganba Meetei; Archana Anandakrishnan

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

204

Top quark electric and chromo electric dipole moments in the general two Higgs Doublet model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the electric and chromo electric dipole moment of top quark in the general two Higgs Doublet model (model III). We analyse the dependency of this quantity to the new phases coming from the complex Yukawa couplings and masses of charged and neutral Higgs bosons. We observe that the electric and chromo elecric dipole moments of top quark are at the order of 10^{-21} e cm and 10^{-20} g_s cm, which are extremely large values compared to ones calculated in the SM and also two Higgs Doublet model with real Yukawa couplings.

E. O. Iltan

2002-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

205

Solution of lattice gas models in the generalized ensemble on the Bethe lattice Emilia La Nave,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solution of lattice gas models in the generalized ensemble on the Bethe lattice Emilia La Nave,1 for a lattice gas Potts model defined in the generalized ensemble which was previously studied in elucidating, such as geometric aspects via percolation. In this paper, we consider a lattice gas Potts model stud- ied previously

Sciortino, Francesco

206

A grid of MARCS model atmospheres for late-type stars I. Methods and general properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have constructed a grid of about 10,000 spherically symmetric and plane-parallel models with the MARCS program, and make it available for public use. Parameter ranges are: Teff=2500 to 8000 K, log g =log(GM/R2)= -1 to 5 (cgs) with various masses and radii, [Me/H]=-5 to +1, with [Alpha/Fe] = 0.0 and 0.4 and different choices of C and N abundances to also represent stars of types R, S and N, and with microturbulence parameters from 1 to 5 km/s. We also list fluxes in approximately 108,000 wavelength points. Underlying assumptions in addition to 1D stratification include hydrostatic equilibrium, MLT convection and LTE. A number of general properties of the models are discussed, in relation to the effects of changing blanketing and sphericity. Models are compared with other available grids and excellent agreement is found with plane-parallel models of Castelli and Kurucz within the overlapping parameter range. Although there are departures from the spherically symmetric NextGen models, the agreement with more recent PHOENIX models is gratifying. The models of the grid show regularities, but some interesting departures from general patterns occur for the coolest models due to the molecular opacities. We have tested rules of thumb concerning effects of blanketing and sphericity and found them to often be astonishingly accurate. Some interesting new phenomena have been discovered, such as the intricate coupling between blanketing and sphericity, and the strong effects of carbon enhancement on metal-poor models. We give further details of models and comparisons with observations in subsequent papers.

Bengt Gustafsson; Bengt Edvardsson; Kjell Eriksson; Uffe Graae Jorgensen; Aake Nordlund; Bertrand Plez

2008-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

207

Local rules for protein folding on a triangular lattice and generalized hydrophobicity in the HP model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the problem of determining the three-dimensional folding of a protein given its one-dimensional amino acid sequence. We use the HP model for protein folding proposed by Dill, which models protein as a chain of amino acid residues that are either hydrophobic or polar, and hydrophobic interactions are the dominant initial driving force for the protein folding. Hart and Istrail gave approximation algorithms for folding proteins on the cubic lattice under HP model. In this paper, we examine the choice of a lattice by considering its algorithmic and geometric implications and argue that triangular lattice is a more reasonable choice. We present a set of folding rules for a triangular lattice and analyze the approximation ratio which they achieve. In addition, we introduce a generalization of the HP model to account for residues having different levels of hydrophobicity. After describing the biological foundation for this generalization, we show that in the new model we are able to achieve similar constant factor approximation guarantees on the triangular lattice as were achieved in the standard HP model. While the structures derived from our folding rules are probably still far from biological reality, we hope that having a set of folding rules with different properties will yield more interesting folds when combined.

Agarwala, R. [National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States); Batzoglou, S. [MIT, Cambridge, MA (United States); Dancik, V. [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)] [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Model Parameterization, Prior Distributions, and the General Time-Reversible Model in Bayesian Phylogenetics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bayesian phylogenetic methods require the selection of prior probability distributions for all parameters of the model of evolution. These distributions allow one to incorporate prior information into a Bayesian analysis, ...

Zwickl, Derrick J.; Holder, Mark T.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Factorial tests on process operating conditions and bed fines on the circulating fluid bed performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cold-flow circulating fluid bed (CFB) was operated using coke breeze with a packed-bed standpipe over a range of riser and standpipe air flows. The bed materials were selected to simulate solids flow in a CFB gasifier (carbonizer) but are generally relevant to most CFB processes. CFB tests were conducted primarily in the transport mode with sufficient gas velocity to achieve a uniform axial riser pressure profiles over most of the riser height. The independent variables tested included the riser gas velocity, aeration at the base of the standpipe, and concentration of fines (average particle size). The solids inventory and riser outlet pressure were maintained constant. Factorial tests were conducted in randomized order and in duplicate to provide and an unbiased estimate of the error. Fines were tested as a blocked variable. The gas velocity, standpipe aeration, and relative amount of fine particles were all found to be significant factors affecting both the riser solids holdup and solids flux. The riser pressure drop and mass circulation increased at the higher level of fines contrary to some earlier reports in the literature. The riser pressure drop was fitted using the general linear model (GLM), which explained more than 98% of the variation within the data, while a GLM for the mass circulation rate explained over 90%. The uncertainty of process operating variables was characterized independently through a series of duplicated flow proving experiments.

Shadle, L.J.; Spenik, James; Sarra, Angela; Ontko, J.S.

2004-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

210

Precipitation over South America during the Last Glacial Maximum: An analysis of the "amount effect" with a water isotope-enabled general circulation model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF THE ‘‘AMOUNT EFFECT’’ Hoffmann, G. , M. Werner, and M.A. , A. N. LeGrande, and G. Hoffmann (2007), Water isotopeare prescribed as 0.5 [Hoffmann et al. , 1998] and 1.7% [

Lee, Jung-Eun; Johnson, Kathleen; Fung, Inez

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Journal of Geophysical Research-Planet, vol 104, pages 24,155-24,176, 1999 Improved general circulation models of the martian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, subgrid-scale topography parameterization, etc.) and at high altitude (gravity wave drag). In addition accurately in the absence of observations. ¢ Now at Laboratoire d'Energie Solaire et Thermique de l Spectrometer (TES) and Pressure Modulated Infrared Radiometer (PMIRR) instru- ments of the Mars Global Surveyor

Forget, François

212

Precipitation over South America during the Last Glacial Maximum: An analysis of the "amount effect" with a water isotope-enabled general circulation model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Precipitation over South America during the Last GlacialPrecipitation over South America during the Last Glacialand subtropical regions of South America also suggest

Lee, Jung-Eun; Johnson, Kathleen; Fung, Inez

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A generalized multi-dimensional mathematical model for charging and discharging processes in a supercapacitor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A generalized three dimensional computational model based on unied formulation of electrode- electrolyte-electrode system of a electric double layer supercapacitor has been developed. The model accounts for charge transport across the solid-liquid system. This formulation based on volume averaging process is a widely used concept for the multiphase ow equations ([28] [36]) and is analogous to porous media theory typically employed for electrochemical systems [22] [39] [12]. This formulation is extended to the electrochemical equations for a supercapacitor in a consistent fashion, which allows for a single-domain approach with no need for explicit interfacial boundary conditions as previously employed ([38]). In this model it is easy to introduce the spatio-temporal variations, anisotropies of physical properties and it is also conducive for introducing any upscaled parameters from lower length{scale simulations and experiments. Due to the irregular geometric congurations including porous electrode, the charge transport and subsequent performance characteristics of the super-capacitor can be easily captured in higher dimensions. A generalized model of this nature also provides insight into the applicability of 1D models ([38]) and where multidimensional eects need to be considered. In addition, simple sensitivity analysis on key input parameters is performed in order to ascertain the dependence of the charge and discharge processes on these parameters. Finally, we demonstarted how this new formulation can be applied to non-planar supercapacitors

Allu, Srikanth [ORNL] [ORNL; Velamur Asokan, Badri [Exxon Mobil Research and Engineering] [Exxon Mobil Research and Engineering; Shelton, William A [Louisiana State University] [Louisiana State University; Philip, Bobby [ORNL] [ORNL; Pannala, Sreekanth [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Ecosystem carbon storage capacity as affected by disturbance regimes: A general theoretical model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Disturbances have been recognized as a key factor shaping terrestrial ecosystem states and dynamics. A general model that quantitatively describes the relationship between carbon storage and disturbance regime is critical for better understanding large scale terrestrial ecosystem carbon dynamics. We developed a model (REGIME) to quantify ecosystem carbon storage capacities (E[x]) under varying disturbance regimes with an analytical solution E[x] = U {center_dot} {tau}{sub E} {center_dot} {lambda}{lambda} + s {tau} 1, where U is ecosystem carbon influx, {tau}{sub E} is ecosystem carbon residence time, and {tau}{sub 1} is the residence time of the carbon pool affected by disturbances (biomass pool in this study). The disturbance regime is characterized by the mean disturbance interval ({lambda}) and the mean disturbance severity (s). It is a Michaelis-Menten-type equation illustrating the saturation of carbon content with mean disturbance interval. This model analytically integrates the deterministic ecosystem carbon processes with stochastic disturbance events to reveal a general pattern of terrestrial carbon dynamics at large scales. The model allows us to get a sense of the sensitivity of ecosystems to future environmental changes just by a few calculations. According to the REGIME model, for example, approximately 1.8 Pg C will be lost in the high-latitude regions of North America (>45{sup o} N) if fire disturbance intensity increases around 5.7 time the current intensity to the end of the twenty-first century, which will require around 12% increases in net primary productivity (NPP) to maintain stable carbon stocks. If the residence time decreased 10% at the same time additional 12.5% increases in NPP are required to keep current C stocks. The REGIME model also lays the foundation for analytically modeling the interactions between deterministic biogeochemical processes and stochastic disturbance events.

Weng, Ensheng [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Luo, Yiqi [University of Oklahoma; Wang, Weile [NASA Ames Research Center; Wang, Han [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Hayes, Daniel J [ORNL; McGuire, A. David [University of Alaska; Hastings, Alan [University of California, Davis; Schimel, David [NEON Inc.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Quantifying and Generalizing Hydrologic Responses to Dam Regulation using a Statistical Modeling Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite the ubiquitous existence of dams within riverscapes, much of our knowledge about dams and their environmental effects remains context-specific. Hydrology, more than any other environmental variable, has been studied in great detail with regard to dam regulation. While much progress has been made in generalizing the hydrologic effects of regulation by large dams, many aspects of hydrology show site-specific fidelity to dam operations, small dams (including diversions), and regional hydrologic regimes. A statistical modeling framework is presented to quantify and generalize hydrologic responses to varying degrees of dam regulation. Specifically, the objectives were to 1) compare the effects of local versus cumulative dam regulation, 2) determine the importance of different regional hydrologic regimes in influencing hydrologic responses to dams, and 3) evaluate how different regulation contexts lead to error in predicting hydrologic responses to dams. Overall, model performance was poor in quantifying the magnitude of hydrologic responses, but performance was sufficient in classifying hydrologic responses as negative or positive. Responses of some hydrologic indices to dam regulation were highly dependent upon hydrologic class membership and the purpose of the dam. The opposing coefficients between local and cumulative-dam predictors suggested that hydrologic responses to cumulative dam regulation are complex, and predicting the hydrology downstream of individual dams, as opposed to multiple dams, may be more easy accomplished using statistical approaches. Results also suggested that particular contexts, including multipurpose dams, high cumulative regulation by multiple dams, diversions, close proximity to dams, and certain hydrologic classes are all sources of increased error when predicting hydrologic responses to dams. Statistical models, such as the ones presented herein, show promise in their ability to model the effects of dam regulation effects at large spatial scales as to generalize the directionality of hydrologic responses.

McManamay, Ryan A [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Atmospheric Circulation and Tides of "51Peg b-like" Planets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the properties of the atmospheres of extrasolar giant planets at orbital distances smaller than 0.1 AU from their stars. We show that these ``51Peg b-like'' planets are rapidly synchronized by tidal interactions, but that small departures from synchronous rotation can occur because of fluid-dynamical torques within these planets. Previous radiative-transfer and evolution models of such planets assume a homogeneous atmosphere. Nevertheless, we show using simple arguments that, at the photosphere, the day-night temperature difference and characteristic wind speeds may reach ~500 K and ~2 km/s, respectively. Substantial departures from chemical equilibrium are expected. The cloud coverage depends sensitively on the dynamics; clouds could exist predominantly either on the dayside or nightside, depending on the circulation regime. Radiative-transfer models that assume homogeneous conditions are therefore inadequate in describing the atmospheric properties of 51Peg b-like planets. We present preliminary three-dimensional, nonlinear simulations of the atmospheric circulation of HD209458b that indicate plausible patterns for the circulation and generally agree with our simpler estimates. Furthermore, we show that kinetic energy production in the atmosphere can lead to the deposition of substantial energy in the interior, with crucial consequences for the evolution of these planets. Future measurements of reflected and thermally-emitted radiation from these planets will help test our ideas.

Adam P. Showman; Tristan Guillot

2002-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

217

Matter power spectrum for the generalized Chaplygin gas model: The relativistic case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The generalized Chaplygin gas (GCG) model is the prototype of a unified model of dark energy (DE) and dark matter (DM). It is characterized by equation-of-state (EoS) parameters $A$ and $\\alpha$. We use a statistical analysis of the 2dFGRS data to constrain these parameters. In particular, we find that very small (close to zero) and very large values ($\\alpha\\gg 1$) of the equation-of-state parameter $\\alpha$ are preferred. To test the validity of this type of unification of the dark sector we admit the existence of a separate DM component in addition to the Chaplygin gas and calculate the probability distribution for the fractional contributions of both components to the total energy density. This analysis favors a model for which the Universe is nearly entirely made up of the separate DM component with an almost negligible Chaplygin gas part. This confirms the results of a previous Newtonian analysis.

J. C. Fabris; H. E. S. Velten; W. Zimdahl

2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

218

Generalized spherically symmetric gravitational model: Hamiltonian dynamics in extended phase space and BRST charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct Hamiltonian dynamics of the generalized spherically symmetric gravitational model in extended phase space. We start from the Faddeev - Popov effective action with gauge-fixing and ghost terms, making use of gauge conditions in differential form. It enables us to introduce missing velocities into the Lagrangian and then construct a Hamiltonian function according a usual rule which is applied for systems without constraints. The main feature of Hamiltonian dynamics in extended phase space is that it can be proved to be completely equivalent to Lagrangian dynamics derived from the effective action. We find a BRST invariant form of the effective action by adding terms not affecting Lagrangian equations. After all, we construct the BRST charge according to the Noether theorem. Our algorithm differs from that by Batalin, Fradkin and Vilkovisky, but the resulting BRST charge generates correct transformations for all gravitational degrees of freedom including gauge ones. Generalized spherically symmetric model imitates the full gravitational theory much better then models with finite number of degrees of freedom, so that one can expect appropriate results in the case of the full theory.

T. P. Shestakova

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

219

Inference for Clustered Mixed Outcomes from a Multivariate Generalized Linear Mixed Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Gueorguieva, 2001). 2.3 Assessing Correlation in Generalized Linear Mixed Model A number of measurements of agreement among multiple measurements taken by several observers or methods have been proposed. Cohen?s kappa statistics (Cohen, 1960) and weighted... gives ?inter,i = Ti? t=1 Ti? t?=1 Cov(?i1t, ?i2t?) ???? [ Ti? t=1 E{?1h1(?i1t)} + Var ( Ti? t=1 ?i1t )] [ Ti? t?=1 E{?2h2(?i2t?)} + Var ( Ti? t?=1 ?i2t? )] . It can be shown that the inter-CC is a ratio of functions of Ti? t=1 E(?i...

Chen, Hsiang-Chun

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Parametric resonance as a model for QPO sources -- I. A general approach to multiple scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the resonance model, high-frequency quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) are supposed to be a consequence of nonlinear resonance between modes of oscillations occurring within the innermost parts of an accretion disk. Several models with a prescribed mode--mode interaction were proposed in order to explain the characteristic properties of the resonance in QPO sources. In this paper, we examine nonlinear oscillations of a system having a quadratic nonlinearity and we show that this case is particularly relevant for QPOs. We present a very convenient way how to study internal resonances of a fully general system using the method of multiple scales. Finally, we concentrate to conservative systems and discuss their behavior near the 3:2 resonance.

J. Horak

2004-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Generalized Chaplygin gas model: constraints from Hubble parameter versus Redshift Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine observational constraints on the generalized Chaplygin gas (GCG) model for dark energy from the 9 Hubble parameter data points, the 115 SNLS Sne Ia data and the size of baryonic acoustic oscillation peak at redshift, $z=0.35$. At a 95.4% confidence level, a combination of three data sets gives $0.67\\leq A_s\\leq 0.83$ and $-0.21\\leq \\alpha\\leq 0.42$, which is within the allowed parameters ranges of the GCG as a candidate of the unified dark matter and dark energy. It is found that the standard Chaplygin gas model ($\\alpha=1$) is ruled out by these data at the 99.7% confidence level.

Puxun Wu; Hongwei Yu

2006-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

222

Dilute gas of ultracold two-level atoms inside a cavity; generalized Dicke model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a gas of ultracold two-level atoms confined in a cavity, taking into account for atomic center-of-mass motion and cavity mode variations. We use the generalized Dicke model, and analyze separately the cases of a Gaussian, and a standing wave mode shape. Owing to the interplay between external motional energies of the atoms and internal atomic and field energies, the phase-diagrams exhibit novel features not encountered in the standard Dicke model, such as the existence of first and second order phase transitions between normal and superradiant phases. Due to the quantum description of atomic motion, internal and external atomic degrees of freedom are highly correlated leading to modified normal and superradiant phases.

Jonas Larson; Maciej Lewenstein

2009-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

223

Generalized CP symmetries and special regions of parameter space in the two-Higgs-doublet model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the impact of imposing generalized CP symmetries on the Higgs sector of the two-Higgs-doublet model, and identify three classes of symmetries. Two of these classes constrain the scalar potential parameters to an exceptional region of parameter space, which respects either a Z{sub 2} discrete flavor symmetry or a U(1) symmetry. We exhibit a basis-invariant quantity that distinguishes between these two possible symmetries. We also show that the consequences of imposing these two classes of CP symmetry can be achieved by combining Higgs family symmetries, and that this is not possible for the usual CP symmetry. We comment on the vacuum structure and on renormalization in the presence of these symmetries. Finally, we demonstrate that the standard CP symmetry can be used to build all the models we identify, including those based on Higgs family symmetries.

Ferreira, P. M. [Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Rua Conselheiro Emidio Navarro, 1900 Lisboa (Portugal); Centro de Fisica Teorica e Computacional, Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto 2, 1649-003 Lisboa (Portugal); Haber, Howard E. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064 (United States); Silva, Joao P. [Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Rua Conselheiro Emidio Navarro, 1900 Lisboa (Portugal); Centro de Fisica Teorica de Particulas, Instituto Superior Tecnico, P-1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Oilgopoly: a general equilibrium model of the oil-macroeconomy nexus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Arabia is the largest player in the world oil market. It maintains ample spare capacity, restricts investment in developing reserves, and its output is negatively correlated with other OPEC producers. While this behavior does not …t into the perfect competition paradigm, we show that it can be rationalized as that of a dominant producer with competitive fringe. We build a quantitative general equilibrium model along these lines which is capable of matching the historical volatility of the oil price, competitive and non-competitive oil output, and of generating the observed comovement among the oil price, oil quantities, and U.S. GDP. We use our framework to answer questions on which available models are silent: (1) What are the proximate determinants of the oil price and how do they vary over the cycle? (2) How large are oil pro…ts and what losses do they imply for oil-importers? (3) What do di¤erent fundamental shocks imply for the comovement of oil prices and GDP? (4) What are the general equilibrium e¤ects of taxes on oil consumption or oil production? We …nd, in particular, that the existence of an oil production distortion does not necessarily justify an oil consumption tax di¤erent from zero. 1

Anton Nakov Y; Banco De España; Galo Nuño; Banco De España

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Degeneracies and scaling relations in general power-law models for gravitational lenses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The time delay in gravitational lenses can be used to derive the Hubble constant in a relatively simple way. The results of this method are less dependent on astrophysical assumptions than in many other methods. The most important uncertainty is related to the mass model used. We discuss a family of models with a separable radial power-law and an arbitrary angular dependence for the potential psi = r^beta * F(theta). Isothermal potentials are a special case of these models with beta=1. An additional external shear is used to take into account perturbations from other galaxies. Using a simple linear formalism for quadruple lenses, we can derive H0 as a function of the observables and the shear. If the latter is fixed, the result depends on the assumed power-law exponent according to H0 proportional to (2-beta)/beta. The effect of external shear is quantified by introducing a `critical shear' gamma_c as a measure for the amount of shear that changes the result significantly. The analysis shows, that in the general case H0 and gamma_c do not depend on the position of the lens galaxy. We discuss these results and compare with numerical models for a number of real lens systems.

Olaf Wucknitz

2002-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

226

One-skeleton galleries, the path model and a generalization of Macdonald's formula for Hall-Littlewood polynomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One-skeleton galleries, the path model and a generalization of Macdonald's formula for Hall to Macdonald's formula. Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Preliminaries 5 2.1 Schubert varieties in the affine and the associated Weyl group combinatorics [20]. As a consequence, we get a generalization of Macdonald's formula

Boyer, Edmond

227

Shelf circulation patterns off Nigeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. An oil spill occurred in January of 1998, the slick drifted in the opposite direction at twice the speed as was anticipated. It was believed that the heavy discharge from the Niger River Delta would have a strong influence on the near-shore circulation...

Rider, Kelly Elizabeth

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

228

On the Patterns of Wind-Power Input to the Ocean Circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pathways of wind-power input into the ocean general circulation are analyzed using Ekman theory. Direct rates of wind work can be calculated through the wind stress acting on the surface geostrophic flow. However, because ...

Roquet, Fabien

229

Analog models of computations \\& Effective Church Turing Thesis: Efficient simulation of Turing machines by the General Purpose Analog Computer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

\\emph{Are analog models of computations more powerful than classical models of computations?} From a series of recent papers, it is now clear that many realistic analog models of computations are provably equivalent to classical digital models of computations from a \\emph{computability} point of view. Take, for example, the probably most realistic model of analog computation, the General Purpose Analog Computer (GPAC) model from Claude Shannon, a model for Differential Analyzers, which are analog machines used from 1930s to early 1960s to solve various problems. It is now known that functions computable by Turing machines are provably exactly those that are computable by GPAC. This paper is about next step: understanding if this equivalence also holds at the \\emph{complexity} level. In this paper we show that the realistic models of analog computation -- namely the General Purpose Analog Computer (GPAC) -- can simulate Turing machines in a computationally efficient manner. More concretely we show that, modulo...

Pouly, Amaury; Graça, Daniel S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Generally covariant model of a scalar field with high frequency dispersion and the cosmological horizon problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short distance structure of spacetime may show up in the form of high freqency dispersion. Although such dispersion is not locally Lorentz invariant, we show in a scalar field model how it can nevertheless be incorporated into a generally covariant metric theory of gravity provided the locally preferred frame is dynamical. We evaluate the resulting energy-momentum tensor and compute its expectation value for a quantum field in a thermal state. The equation of state differs at high temperatures from the usual one, but not by enough to impact the problems of a hot big bang cosmology. We show that a superluminal dispersion relation can solve the horizon problem via superluminal equilibration, however it cannot do so while remaining outside the Planck regime unless the dispersion relation is artificially chosen to have a rather steep dependence on wavevector.

Ted Jacobson; David Mattingly

2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

231

Effect of atomic spontaneous decay on entanglement in the generalized Jaynes-Cummings model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some aspects of the irreversible dynamics of a generalized Jaynes-Cummings model are addressed. By working in the dressed-state representation, it is possible to split the dynamics of the entanglement and coherence. The exact solution of the master equation in the case of a high-Q cavity with atomic decay is found. Effects of the atomic spontaneous decay on the temporal evolution of partial entropies of the atom or the field and the total entropy as a quantitative measure entanglement are elucidated. The degree of entanglement, through the sum of the negative eigenvalues of the partially transposed density matrix and the negative mutual information has been studied and compared with other measures.

Hessian, H.A. [Faculty of Science Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo (Egypt)], E-mail: ammar_67@yahoo.com; Obada, A.-S.F. [Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut (Egypt); Mohamed, A.-B.A. [Faculty of Science Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo (Egypt)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Hartle's model within the general theory of perturbative matchings: the change in mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hartle's model provides the most widely used analytic framework to describe isolated compact bodies rotating slowly in equilibrium up to second order in perturbations in the context of General Relativity. Apart from some explicit assumptions, there are some implicit, like the "continuity" of the functions in the perturbed metric across the surface of the body. In this work we sketch the basics for the analysis of the second order problem using the modern theory of perturbed matchings. In particular, the result we present is that when the energy density of the fluid in the static configuration does not vanish at the boundary, one of the functions of the second order perturbation in the setting of the original work by Hartle is not continuous. This discrepancy affects the calculation of the change in mass of the rotating star with respect to the static configuration needed to keep the central energy density unchanged.

Borja Reina; Raül Vera

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

233

Remarks on monopole charge properties within the Generalized Coherent State Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Generalized Coherent State Model, proposed previously for a unified description of magnetic and electric collective properties of nuclear systems, is used to study the ground state band charge density as well as the E0 transitions from $0^+_{\\beta}$ to $0^+_g$. The influence of the nuclear deformation and of angular momentum projection on the charge density is investigated. The monopole transition amplitude has been calculated for ten nuclei. The results are compared with some previous theoretical studies and with the available experimental data. Our results concerning angular momentum projection are consistent with those of previous microscopic calculations for the ground state density. The calculations for the E0 transitions agree quite well with the experimental data. Issues like how the shape transitions or shape coexistence are reflected in the $\\rho(E0)$ behavior are also addressed.

Raduta, A A; de Guerra, E Moya; Sarriguren, P; 10.1088/0954-3899/36/1/015114

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Generalized parton distribution functions and the nucleon spin sum rules in the chiral quark soliton model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theoretical predictions are given for the forward limit of the unpolarized spin-flip isovector generalized parton distribution function (E{sup u}-E{sup d})(x,{xi},t) within the framework of the chiral quark soliton model, with full inclusion of the polarization of Dirac sea quarks. We observe that [(H{sup u}-H{sup d})+(E{sup u}-E{sup d})](x,0,0) has a sharp peak around x=0, which we interpret as a signal of the importance of the pionic qq excitation with large spatial extension in the transverse direction. Another interesting indication given by the predicted distribution in combination with Ji's angular momentum sum rule is that the d quark carries more angular momentum than the u quark in the proton, which may have some relation with the physics of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule.

Wakamatsu, M.; Tsujimoto, H. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Nonlinear generalized source method for modeling second-harmonic generation in diffraction gratings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a versatile numerical method for modeling light diffraction in periodically patterned photonic structures containing quadratically nonlinear non-centrosymmetric optical materials. Our approach extends the generalized source method to nonlinear optical interactions by incorporating the contribution of nonlinear polarization sources to the diffracted field in the algorithm. We derive the mathematical formalism underlying the numerical method and introduce the Fourier-factorization suitable for nonlinear calculations. The numerical efficiency and runtime characteristics of the method are investigated in a set of benchmark calculations: the results corresponding to the fundamental frequency are compared to those obtained from a reference method and the beneficial effects of the modified Fourier-factorization rule on the accuracy of the nonlinear computations is demonstrated. In order to illustrate the capabilities of our method, we employ it to demonstrate strong enhancement of second-harmonic genera...

Weismann, Martin; Panoiu, Nicolae C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Predicting oropharyngeal tumor volume throughout the course of radiation therapy from pretreatment computed tomography data using general linear models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The purpose of this work was to develop and evaluate the accuracy of several predictive models of variation in tumor volume throughout the course of radiation therapy. Methods: Nineteen patients with oropharyngeal cancers were imaged daily with CT-on-rails for image-guided alignment per an institutional protocol. The daily volumes of 35 tumors in these 19 patients were determined and used to generate (1) a linear model in which tumor volume changed at a constant rate, (2) a general linear model that utilized the power fit relationship between the daily and initial tumor volumes, and (3) a functional general linear model that identified and exploited the primary modes of variation between time series describing the changing tumor volumes. Primary and nodal tumor volumes were examined separately. The accuracy of these models in predicting daily tumor volumes were compared with those of static and linear reference models using leave-one-out cross-validation. Results: In predicting the daily volume of primary tumors, the general linear model and the functional general linear model were more accurate than the static reference model by 9.9% (range: ?11.6%–23.8%) and 14.6% (range: ?7.3%–27.5%), respectively, and were more accurate than the linear reference model by 14.2% (range: ?6.8%–40.3%) and 13.1% (range: ?1.5%–52.5%), respectively. In predicting the daily volume of nodal tumors, only the 14.4% (range: ?11.1%–20.5%) improvement in accuracy of the functional general linear model compared to the static reference model was statistically significant. Conclusions: A general linear model and a functional general linear model trained on data from a small population of patients can predict the primary tumor volume throughout the course of radiation therapy with greater accuracy than standard reference models. These more accurate models may increase the prognostic value of information about the tumor garnered from pretreatment computed tomography images and facilitate improved treatment management.

Yock, Adam D., E-mail: ADYock@mdanderson.org; Kudchadker, Rajat J. [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Rao, Arvind [Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Dong, Lei [Scripps Proton Therapy Center, San Diego, California 92121 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Scripps Proton Therapy Center, San Diego, California 92121 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Beadle, Beth M.; Garden, Adam S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Court, Laurence E. [Department of Radiation Physics and Department of Imaging Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Physics and Department of Imaging Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 and The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

Entanglement Entropy of the Early Universe in Generalized Chaplygin Gas Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide an explicit calculation of the evolution of the cosmic entanglement entropy in the early universe before the matter dominant era. This is made possible by invoking the generalized Chaplygin gas (GCG) model, which has the advantage of preserving unitarity and providing a smooth transition between the inflation epoch and the radiation dominant era. The dynamics of the universe is described by the quantization in the minisuperspace of the GCG model, following the prescription proposed by Wheeler and DeWitt. Two sources of contribution to the cosmic entanglement entropy are considered: one from the homogeneous background where the observable and the unobservable regions of the universe are entangled and the other from the inhomogeneous cosmological perturbations where different modes are entangled. We find that the homogeneous contribution grows exponentially at the very beginning of the inflation, but decreases during the radiation dominant era. Conversely, that from the cosmological perturbation is found to decrease at first and then increase after reaching a minimum value. The net result is that the total entanglement entropy reaches a minimum at an early stage of the inflation and then increases throughout most of the inflation and the entire radiation dominant era.

Pisin Chen; Yuezhen Niu

2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

238

Model-Based Testing with a General Purpose Keyword-Driven Test Automation Tuomas Pajunen, Tommi Takala, and Mika Katara  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The tests are built as sequences of keywords, and keywords are automatically translated into concrete lowModel-Based Testing with a General Purpose Keyword-Driven Test Automation Framework Tuomas Pajunen mika.katara@tut.fi Abstract--Model-based testing (MBT) is a relatively new approach to software testing

Memon, Atif M.

239

atmospheric general circulation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

II. THE CLIMATIC SYSTEM Climate is defined is the basic engine which transforms solar heating into the energy of the atmospheric motions and determines Lucarini, Valerio...

240

The generalized non-conservative model of a 1-planet system - revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the long-term dynamics of a planetary system composed of a star and a planet. Both bodies are considered as extended, non-spherical, rotating objects. There are no assumptions made on the relative angles between the orbital angular momentum and the spin vectors of the bodies. Thus, we analyze full, spatial model of the planetary system. Both objects are assumed to be deformed due to their own rotations, as well as due to the mutual tidal interactions. The general relativity corrections are considered in terms of the post-Newtonian approximation. Besides the conservative contributions to the perturbing forces, there are also taken into account non-conservative effects, i.e., the dissipation of the mechanical energy. This dissipation is a result of the tidal perturbation on the velocity field in the internal zones with non-zero turbulent viscosity (convective zones). Our main goal is to derive the equations of the orbital motion as well as the equations governing time-evolution of the spin vectors (ang...

Migaszewski, Cezary

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Axisymmetric equilibrium models for magnetized neutron stars in General Relativity under the Conformally Flat Condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extremely magnetized neutron stars with magnetic fields as strong as $\\sim 10^{15-16}$ G, or magnetars, have received considerable attention in the last decade due to their identification as a plausible source for Soft Gamma Repeaters and Anomalous X-ray Pulsars. Moreover, this class of compact objects has been proposed as a possible engine capable of powering both Long and Short Gamma-Ray Bursts, if the rotation period in their formation stage is short enough (~1 ms). Such strong fields are expected to induce substantial deformations of the star and thus to produce the emission of gravitational waves. Here we investigate, by means of numerical modeling, axisymmetric static equilibria of polytropic and strongly magnetized stars in full general relativity, within the ideal magneto-hydrodynamic regime. The eXtended Conformally Flat Condition (XCFC) for the metric is assumed, allowing us to employ the techniques introduced for the X-ECHO code [Bucciantini & Del Zanna, 2011, Astron. Astrophys. 528, A101], pro...

Pili, A G; Del Zanna, L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Climate change impact on the Mediterranean Sea circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate change impact on the Mediterranean Sea circulation: a regional modelling approach Samuel number of studies about the stability of the THC in climate change scenario. A large range of climate Sea (Artegiani et al., 1997) which is the main source of the Eastern Mediterranean Deep Water. Past-climate

Ribes, Aurélien

243

Introduction Large-scale circulation Clouds Conclusions European temperature extremes in CMIP5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Large-scale circulation Clouds Conclusions European temperature extremes in CMIP5 extremes in CMIP5 EUCLIPSE ­ May 2012 ­ Paris #12;Introduction Large-scale circulation Clouds Conclusions Introduction Objectives European temperature extremes: understand model biases & uncertainties under future

Ribes, Aurélien

244

An energetic perspective on hydrological cycle changes in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An energetic perspective on hydrological cycle changes in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison-ocean general circulation models simulating experiment G1 of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project perspective on hydrological cycle changes in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project, J. Geophys. Res

Robock, Alan

245

Meso-scale eects of tropical deforestation in Amazonia: preparatory LBA modelling studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meso-scale eects of tropical deforestation in Amazonia: preparatory LBA modelling studies A. J forest is good, above deforested areas (pasture) poor. The models' underestimate of the temperature Modelling studies with general circulation models have shown that large-scale deforestation of the Amazon

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

246

The Role of Subtropical Irreversible PV Mixing in the Zonal Mean Circulation Response to Global Warming-like Thermal Forcing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The atmospheric circulation response to the global warming-like tropical upper tropospheric heating is revisited using a dry atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) in light of a new diagnostics based on the concept of finite-amplitude wave activity (FAWA) on equivalent latitude. For a given tropical heating profile, the linear Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) wave refraction analysis sometimes gives a very different and even opposite prediction of the eddy momentum flux response to that of the actual full model simulation, exposing the limitation of the traditional linear approach in understanding the full dynamics of the atmospheric response under global warming. The implementation of the FAWA diagnostics reveals that in response to the upper tropospheric heating, effective diffusivity, a measure of the mixing efficiency, increases and advances upward and poleward in the subtropics and the resultant enhancement and the poleward encroachment of eddy potential vorticity mixing leads to a poleward displaced potential vorticity (PV) gradient peak in the upper troposphere. The anomalous eddy PV flux, in balance with the PV dissipation, gives rise to a poleward shift in the eddy-driven jet and eddy-driven mean meridional circulation. Sensitivity experiments show that these irreversible dissipation processes in the upper troposphere are robust, regardless of the width of the tropical heating.

Lu, Jian; Sun, Lantao; Wu, Yutian; Chen, Gang

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

A generalized model of active media with a set of interacting pacemakers: Application to the heart beat analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a quite general model of active media by consideration of the interaction between pacemakers via their phase response curves. This model describes a network of pulse oscillators coupled by their response to the internal depolarization of mutual stimulations. First, a macroscopic level corresponding to an arbitrary large number of oscillatory elements coupled globally is considered. As a specific and important case of the proposed model, the bidirectional interaction of two cardiac nodes is described. This case is generalized by means of an additional pacemaker, which can be expounded as an external stimulater. The behavior of such a system is analyzed. Second, the microscopic level corresponding to the representation of cardiac nodes by one-- and two--dimensional lattices of pulse oscillators coupled via the nearest neighbors is described. The model is a universal one in the sense that on its basis one can easily construct discrete distributed media of active elements, which interact via phase response curves.

Sergei Rybalko; Ekaterina Zhuchkova

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

Severe accident natural circulation studies at the INEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Severe accident natural circulation flows have been investigated at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory to better understand these flows and their potential impacts on the progression of a pressurized water reactor severe accident. Parameters affecting natural circulation in the reactor vessel and hot legs were identified and ranked based on their perceived importance. Reviews of the scaling of the 1/7-scale experiments performed by Westinghouse were undertaken. RELAP5/MOD3 calculations of two of the experiments showed generally good agreement between the calculated and observed behavior. Analyses of hydrogen behavior in the reactor vessel showed that hydrogen stratification is not likely to occur, and that an initially stratified layer of hydrogen would quickly mix with a recirculating steam flow. An analysis of the upper plenum behavior in the Three Mile Island, Unit 2 reactor concluded that vapor temperatures could have been significantly higher than the temperatures seen by the control rod drive lead screws, supporting the premise that a strong natural circulation flow was likely present during the accident. SCDAP/RELAP5 calculations of a commercial pressurized water reactor severe accident without operator actions showed that the natural circulation flows enhance the likelihood of ex-vessel piping failures long before failure of the reactor vessel lower head.

Bayless, P.D.; Brownson, D.A.; Dobbe, C.A.; Jones, K.R.; O`Brien, J.E.; Pafford, D.J.; Schlenker, L.D.; Tung, V.X.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

A generalized self consistent model for effective elastic moduli of human dentine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consistent Model for cell model of fiber-reinforced composites is extended to the case of hollow cylinder model and the corresponding cell model is chosen to consist of a circular hollow cylinder filled from other models such as nano-indentation method. Ã? 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords

Qin, Qinghua

250

Biophysical Journal Volume 85 August 2003 11351144 1135 A General Model for Amyloid Fibril Assembly Based on Morphological  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to form amyloid fibrils in vitro including acylphosphatase (Chiti et al., 2000), cold-shock proteinBiophysical Journal Volume 85 August 2003 1135­1144 1135 A General Model for Amyloid Fibril of fibrillar species formed during fibrillation of a-synuclein, insulin, and the B1 domain of protein G

Mochrie, Simon

251

Solvation Free Energy of Biomacromolecules: Parameters for a Modified Generalized Born Model Consistent with the AMBER Force Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solvation Free Energy of Biomacromolecules: Parameters for a Modified Generalized Born Model provides rapid estimates of the electrostatic free energies of solvation for diverse molecules of parameters compatible with the AMBER force field is described. The method is used to estimate free energies

Jayaram, Bhyravabotla

252

Intestinal circulation during inhalation anesthesia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was designed to evaluate the influence of inhalational agents on the intestinal circulation in an isolated loop preparation. Sixty dogs were studied, using three intestinal segments from each dog. Selected intestinal segments were pumped with aortic blood at a constant pressure of 100 mmHg. A mixture of /sub 86/Rb and 9-microns spheres labeled with /sup 141/Ce was injected into the arterial cannula supplying the intestinal loop, while mesenteric venous blood was collected for activity counting. A very strong and significant correlation was found between rubidium clearance and microsphere entrapment (r = 0.97, P less than 0.0001). Nitrous oxide anesthesia was accompanied by a higher vascular resistance (VR), lower flow (F), rubidium clearance (Cl-Rb), and microspheres entrapment (Cl-Sph) than pentobarbital anesthesia, indicating that the vascular bed in the intestinal segment was constricted and flow (total and nutritive) decreased. Halothane, enflurane, and isoflurane anesthesia were accompanied by a much lower arteriovenous oxygen content difference (AVDO/sub 2/) and oxygen uptake than pentobarbital or nitrous oxide. Compared with pentobarbital, enflurane anesthesia was not accompanied by marked differences in VR, F, Cl-Rb, and Cl-Sph; halothane at 2 MAC decreased VR and increased F and Cl-Rb while isoflurane increased VR and decreased F. alpha-Adrenoceptor blockade with phentolamine (1 mg . kg-1) abolished isoflurane-induced vasoconstriction, suggesting that the increase in VR was mediated via circulating catecholamines.

Tverskoy, M.; Gelman, S.; Fowler, K.C.; Bradley, E.L.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Examining the Generalized Waring Model for the Analysis of Traffic Crashes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

external factors that have not been included as covariates in the model. To evaluate these models, GW models were examined using both simulated and empirical crash datasets, and the results were compared to the most commonly used NB model and the recently...

Peng, Yichuan

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

254

A Grid of 3D Stellar Atmosphere Models of Solar Metallicity: I. General Properties, Granulation and Atmospheric Expansion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present grids of stellar atmosphere models are the workhorses in interpreting stellar observations, and determining their fundamental parameters. These models rely on greatly simplified models of convection, however, lending less predictive power to such models of late type stars. We present a grid of improved and more reliable stellar atmosphere models of late type stars, based on deep, 3D, convective, stellar atmosphere simulations. This grid is to be used in general for interpreting observations, and improve stellar and asteroseismic modeling. We solve the Navier Stokes equations in 3D and concurrent with the radiative transfer equation, for a range of atmospheric parameters, covering most of stellar evolution with convection at the surface. We emphasize use of the best available atomic physics for quantitative predictions and comparisons with observations. We present granulation size, convective expansion of the acoustic cavity, asymptotic adiabat, as function of atmospheric parameters. These and other re...

Trampedach, Regner; Collet, Remo; Nordlund, Åke; Stein, Robert F

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Holographic Dark Energy Models and Higher Order Generalizations in Dynamical Chern-Simons Modified Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dark Energy models are here investigated and studied in the framework of the Chern-Simons modified gravity model. We bring into focus the Holographic Dark Energy (HDE) model with Granda-Oliveros cut-off, the Modified Holographic Ricci Dark Energy (MHRDE) model and, moreover, a model with higher derivatives of the Hubble parameter as well. The relevant expressions of the scale factor a(t) for a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe are derived and studied, and in this context, the evolution of the scale factor is shown to be similar to that one displayed by the modified Chaplygin gas in two of the above models.

Antonio Pasqua; Roldao da Rocha; Surajit Chattopadhyay

2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

256

Relative Roles of Climate Sensitivity and Forcing in Defining the Ocean Circulation Response to Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The response of the ocean’s meridional overturning circulation (MOC) to increased greenhouse gas forcing is examined using a coupled model of intermediate complexity, including a dynamic 3D ocean subcomponent. Parameters ...

Scott, Jeffery R.

257

A Mechanistic Study of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Changes on Tropical Atlantic Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Using this new 2-1/2-layer RGO model as a dynamical tool, a systematic investigation of the role of oceanic processes in controlling tropical Atlantic sea-surface temperature (SST) response to Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) changes...

Wen, Caihong

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

258

Electrochimica Acta 51 (2006) 20122022 A generalized cycle life model of rechargeable Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­discharge model to simulate the cycle life behavior of rechargeable Li-ion batteries has been developed. The model and Newman [4] made a first attempt to model the parasitic reaction in Li-ion batteries by assuming a solvent and reversible capacity loss due to the growth and dissolution of SEI film in Li-ion batteries. Ramadass et al

Popov, Branko N.

259

Technical report on the General Electric model #1 electrostatic electron microscope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

screen Vacuum Chamber' Figi 5. Sectionalized View of the Lens System of the General Electric Electron microscope. which is held in place with the micalex insulatoz s is a source of many difficulties. Ii' the combination of the insulators and central..., or if desired to give the beam a diverging angle with the optical axis. The filament of the General Electric Electron Gun is heated with 60 cycle alternating current. This gives rise to an alternat1ng field about the f1lament which will deflect...

Druce, Albert J

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

A general formulation of Bead Models applied to flexible fibers and active filaments at low Reynolds number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This contribution provides a general framework to use Lagrange multipliers for the simulation of low Reynolds number fiber dynamics based on Bead Models (BM). This formalism provides an efficient method to account for kinematic constraints. We illustrate, with several examples, to which extent the proposed formulation offers a flexible and versatile framework for the quantitative modeling of flexible fibers deformation and rotation in shear flow, the dynamics of actuated filaments and the propulsion of active swimmers. Furthermore, a new contact model called Gears Model is proposed and successfully tested. It avoids the use of numerical artifices such as repulsive forces between adjacent beads, a source of numerical difficulties in the temporal integration of previous Bead Models.

Delmotte, Blaise; Plouraboue, Franck

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Separating expansion from contraction in spherically symmetric models with a perfect fluid: Generalization of the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff condition and application to models with a cosmological constant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate spherically symmetric perfect-fluid spacetimes and discuss the existence and stability of a dividing shell separating expanding and collapsing regions. We perform a 3+1 splitting and obtain gauge invariant conditions relating the intrinsic spatial curvature of the shells to the Misner-Sharp mass and to a function of the pressure that we introduce and that generalizes the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equilibrium condition. We find that surfaces fulfilling those two conditions fit, locally, the requirements of a dividing shell, and we argue that cosmological initial conditions should allow its global validity. We analyze the particular cases of the Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi dust models with a cosmological constant as an example of a cold dark matter model with a cosmological constant ({Lambda}-CDM model) and its generalization to contain a central perfect-fluid core. These models provide simple but physically interesting illustrations of our results.

Mimoso, Jose P.; Le Delliou, Morgan; Mena, Filipe C. [Departamento de Fisica, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, Centro de Astronomia e Astrofisica, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Gama Pinto 2, 1649-003 Lisboa (Portugal); Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Facultad de Ciencias, C-XI, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Centro de Matematica, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga (Portugal)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

Intelligent Allocation of Network Bandwidth: A Comparison of Two Generalized Particle Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the allocation is not changed until the price reaches equilibrium. The other one is the economic generalized and further development of the OGPM, which comprises two major components: (1) dynamic allocation of network bandwidth based on GPM; and (2) dynamic modulation of price and demands of network bandwidth. The two

Lau, Francis C.M.

263

Downhole material injector for lost circulation control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is comprised of an apparatus and method for simultaneously and separately emplacing two streams of different materials through a drillstring in a borehole to a downhole location for lost circulation control. The two streams are mixed outside the drillstring at the desired downhole location and harden only after mixing for control of a lost circulation zone.

Glowka, D.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Microfluidic Platforms for Capturing Circulating Tumor Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfluidic Platforms for Capturing Circulating Tumor Cells Sweta Gupta, Allison C. Baker-cost microfluidic device that can be used to isolate and capture circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from whole blood. The device was made from polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) consisting of a microfluidic channel with microposts

Tang, William C

265

Downhole material injector for lost circulation control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and method are disclosed for simultaneously and separately emplacing two streams of different materials through a drill string in a borehole to a downhole location for lost circulation control. The two streams are mixed outside the drill string at the desired downhole location and harden only after mixing for control of a lost circulation zone. 6 figs.

Glowka, D.A.

1994-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

266

Anatomy of an transparent optical circulator.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An optical circulator is a multi-port, nonreciprocal device that routes light from one specific port to another. Optical circulators have at least 3 or 4 ports, up to 6 port possible (JDS Uniphase, Huihong Fiber) Circulators do not disregard backward propagating light, but direct it to another port. Optical circulators are commonly found in bi-directional transmission systems, WDM networks, fiber amplifiers, and optical time domain reflectometers (OTDRs). 3-Port optical circulators are commonly used in PDV systems. 1550 nm laser light is launched into Port 1 and will exit out of Port 2 to the target. Doppler-shifted light off the moving surface is reflected back into Port 2 and exits out of Port 3. Surprisingly, a circulator requires a large number of parts to operate efficiently. Transparent circulators offer higher isolation than those of the reflective style using PBSs. A lower PMD is obtained using birefringent crystals rather than PBSs due to the similar path lengths between e and o rays. Many various circulator designs exist, but all achieve the same non-reciprocal results.

Podsednik, Jason W.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Wave Energy Converter (WEC) Array Effects on Wave Current and Sediment Circulation: Monterey Bay CA.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal s of this study were to develop tools to quantitatively characterize environments where wave energy converter ( WEC ) devices may be installed and to assess e ffects on hydrodynamics and lo cal sediment transport. A large hypothetical WEC array was investigated using wave, hydrodynamic, and sediment transport models and site - specific average and storm conditions as input. The results indicated that there were significant changes in sediment s izes adjacent to and in the lee of the WEC array due to reduced wave energy. The circulation in the lee of the array was also altered; more intense onshore currents were generated in the lee of the WECs . In general, the storm case and the average case show ed the same qualitative patterns suggesting that these trends would be maintained throughout the year. The framework developed here can be used to design more efficient arrays while minimizing impacts on nearshore environmen ts.

Roberts, Jesse D.; Jones, Craig; Magalen, Jason

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

The Non-Autonomous Chiral Model and the Ernst Equation of General Relativity in the Bidifferential Calculus Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The non-autonomous chiral model equation for an $m \\times m$ matrix function on a two-dimensional space appears in particular in general relativity, where for $m=2$ a certain reduction of it determines stationary, axially symmetric solutions of Einstein's vacuum equations, and for $m=3$ solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations. Using a very simple and general result of the bidifferential calculus approach to integrable partial differential and difference equations, we generate a large class of exact solutions of this chiral model. The solutions are parametrized by a set of matrices, the size of which can be arbitrarily large. The matrices are subject to a Sylvester equation that has to be solved and generically admits a unique solution. By imposing the aforementioned reductions on the matrix data, we recover the Ernst potentials of multi-Kerr-NUT and multi-Demianski-Newman metrics.

Aristophanes Dimakis; Nils Kanning; Folkert Müller-Hoissen

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

269

Electric and Weak Electric Dipole Form Factors for Heavy Fermions in a General Two Higgs Doublet Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electric and weak electric dipole form factors for heavy fermions are calculated in the context of the most general two-Higgs-doublet model (2HDM). We find that the large top mass can produce a significant enhancement of the electric dipole form factor in the case of the b and c quarks. This effect can be used to distinguish between different 2HDM scenarios.

Daniel Gomez-Dumm; G. A. Gonzalez-Sprinberg

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

270

The higher spin generalization of the 6-vertex model with domain wall boundary conditions and Macdonald polynomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The determinantal form of the partition function of the 6-vertex model with domain wall boundary conditions was given by Izergin. It is known that for a special value of the crossing parameter the partition function reduces to a Schur polynomial. Caradoc, Foda and Kitanine computed the partition function of the higher spin generalization of the 6-vertex model. In the present work it is shown that for a special value of the crossing parameter, referred to as the combinatorial point, the partition function reduces to a Macdonald polynomial.

Tiago Fonseca; Ferenc Balogh

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

271

Mott Insulator-Superfluid Transition in a Generalized Bose-Hubbard Model with Topologically Non-trivial Flat-Band  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we studied a generalized Bose-Hubbard model on a checkerboard lattice with topologically nontrivial flat-band. We used mean-field method to decouple the model Hamiltonian and obtained phase diagram by Landau theory of second-order phase transition. We further calculate the energy gap and the dispersion of quasi-particle or quasi-hole in Mott insulator state and found that in strong interaction limit the quasi-particles or the quasi-holes also have flat bands.

Xing-Hai Zhang; Su-Peng Kou

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

272

An integrated life cycle quality model for general public market software products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The requirements are built upon existing industry standards, including ISO 9001. The TL 9000 Quality System quality view of TL9000 Handbook and detailed view from ISO/IEC 1926 in the process of defining, measuring by TL9000-ISO complement model as well as by application process walk-through. #12;1. Complement model

Laporte, Claude Y.

273

RF power recovery feedback circulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device and method for improving the efficiency of RF systems having a Reflective Load. In the preferred embodiment, Reflected Energy from a superconducting resonator of a particle accelerator is reintroduced to the resonator after the phase of the Reflected Energy is aligned with the phase of the Supply Energy from a RF Energy Source. In one embodiment, a Circulator is used to transfer Reflected Energy from the Reflective Load into a Phase Adjuster which aligns the phase of the Reflected Energy with that of the Supply Energy. The phase-aligned energy is then combined with the Supply Energy, and reintroduced into the Reflective Load. In systems having a constant phase shift, the Phase Adjuster may be designed to shift the phase of the Reflected Energy by a constant amount using a Phase Shifter. In systems having a variety (variable) phase shifts, a Phase Shifter controlled by a phase feedback loop comprising a Phase Detector and a Feedback Controller to account for the various phase shifts is preferable.

Sharamentov, Sergey I. (Bolingbrook, IL)

2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

274

Adapting a Beam-Based Rotordynamics Model to Accept a General Three-Dimensional Finite-Element Casing Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dimensional axisymmetric beam-element code. ANSYS is used as a code to build three-dimensional non-axisymmetric solid-element casing models. The work done in this thesis opens the scope to incorporate complex non-axisymmetric casing models with XLTRC2....

James, Stephen M.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

275

A generalized nutrition model for Odocoileus deer and its application in a natural environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model of protein and energy balance was created for Odocoileus deer [white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), mule deer (O. hemionus), and black-tailed deer (O. h. columbianus, O. h. sitkensis)] capable of predicting changes in body weight...

Applegath, Matthew Thomas

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

A general model of resource production and exchange in systems of interdependent specialists.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Infrastructures are networks of dynamically interacting systems designed for the flow of information, energy, and materials. Under certain circumstances, disturbances from a targeted attack or natural disasters can cause cascading failures within and between infrastructures that result in significant service losses and long recovery times. Reliable interdependency models that can capture such multi-network cascading do not exist. The research reported here has extended Sandia's infrastructure modeling capabilities by: (1) addressing interdependencies among networks, (2) incorporating adaptive behavioral models into the network models, and (3) providing mechanisms for evaluating vulnerability to targeted attack and unforeseen disruptions. We have applied these capabilities to evaluate the robustness of various systems, and to identify factors that control the scale and duration of disruption. This capability lays the foundation for developing advanced system security solutions that encompass both external shocks and internal dynamics.

Conrad, Stephen Hamilton; Finley, Patrick D.; Beyeler, Walter Eugene; Brown, Theresa Jean; Glass, Robert John, Jr.; Breen, Peter; Kuypers, Marshall; Norton, Matthew David; Quach, Tu-Thach; Antognoli, Matthew; Mitchell, Michael David

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Goodness-of-Fit Test Issues in Generalized Linear Mixed Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. However, in the mixed-effects logistic model, the violation of the assumption of normally distributed random effects may result in inconsistency for estimates of some fixed effects and the variance component of random effects when the variance...

Chen, Nai-Wei

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

278

Cosmological Imprints of a Generalized Chaplygin Gas Model for the Early Universe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a phenomenological model for the early universe where there is a smooth transition between an early quintessence phase and a radiation-dominated era. The matter content is modeled by an appropriately modified Chaplygin gas for the early universe. We constrain the model observationally by mapping the primordial power spectrum of the scalar perturbations to the latest data of WMAP7. We compute as well the spectrum of the primordial gravitational waves as would be measured today. We show that the high frequencies region of the spectrum depends on the free parameter of the model and most importantly this region of the spectrum can be within the reach of future gravitational waves detectors.

Bouhmadi-Lopez, Mariam; /Lisbon, CENTRA; Chen, Pisin; /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Liu, Yen-Wei; /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U.

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

279

Testing Lack-of-Fit of Generalized Linear Models via Laplace Approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coefficients used in (5.6) to evaluate power to detect the omission of a interaction term. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 12 Performance of the Bayes sum test in detecting an omitted dichoto- mous variable and its interaction... was obtained using a smoothing spline fit. The parametric model was obtained by modeling the log odds with the parametric linear predictor: ?0 + ?3(x ? 12)? I(x > 12) where x denotes the start variable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 4...

Glab, Daniel Laurence

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

280

CIRCULATING MOVING BED COMBUSTION PROOF OF CONCEPT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Circulating Moving Bed (CMB) combustion technology has its roots in traditional circulating fluidized bed technology and involves a novel method of solid fuel combustion and heat transfer. CMB technology represents a step change in improved performance and cost relative to conventional PC and FBC boilers. The CMB heat exchanger preheats the energy cycle working fluid, steam or air, to the high temperature levels required in systems for advanced power generation. Unique features of the CMB are the reduction of the heat transfer surfaces by about 60% as a result of the enhanced heat transfer rates, flexibility of operation, and about 30% lower cost over existing technology. The CMB Phase I project ran from July 2001 through March 2003. Its objective was to continue development of the CMB technology with a series of proof of concept tests. The tests were conducted at a scale that provided design data for scale up to a demonstration plant. These objectives were met by conducting a series of experiments in ALSTOM Power’s Multi-use Test Facility (MTF). The MTF was modified to operate under CMB conditions of commercial interest. The objective of the tests were to evaluate gas-to-solids heat transfer in the upper furnace, assess agglomeration in the high temperature CMB bubbling bed, and evaluate solids-to-tube heat transfer in the moving bed heat exchanger. The Phase I program results showed that there are still some significant technical uncertainties that needed to be resolved before the technology can be confidently scaled up for a successful demonstration plant design. Work remained in three primary areas: • scale up of gas to solid heat transfer • high temperature finned surface design • the overall requirements of mechanical and process design. The CMB Phase II workscope built upon the results of Phase I and specifically addressed the remaining technical uncertainties. It included a scaled MTF heat transfer test to provide the necessary data to scale up gas-to-solids heat transfer. A stress test rig was built and tested to provide validation data for a stress model needed to support high temperature finned surface design. Additional cold flow model tests and MTF tests were conducted to address mechanical and process design issues. This information was then used to design and cost a commercial CMB design concept. Finally, the MBHE was reconfigured into a slice arrangement and tested for an extended duration at a commercial CFB plant.

Jukkola, Glen

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

General model of phospholipid bilayers in fluid phase within the single chain mean field theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coarse-grained model for saturated phospholipids: 1,2-didecanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DCPC), 1,2-dilauroyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DLPC), 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC) and unsaturated phospholipids: 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC), 1,2- dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) is introduced within the single chain mean field theory. A single set of parameters adjusted for DMPC bilayers gives an adequate description of equilibrium and mechanical properties of a range of saturated lipid molecules that differ only in length of their hydrophobic tails and unsaturated (POPC, DOPC) phospholipids which have double bonds in the tails. A double bond is modeled with a fixed angle of 120°, while the rest of the parameters are kept the same as saturated lipids. The thickness of the bilayer and its hydrophobic core, the compressibility, and the equilibrium area per lipid correspond to experimentally measured values for each lipid, changing linearly with the length of the tail. The model for unsaturated phospholipids also fetches main thermodynamical properties of the bilayers. This model is used for an accurate estimation of the free energies of the compressed or stretched bilayers in stacks or multilayers and gives reasonable estimates for free energies. The proposed model may further be used for studies of mixtures of lipids, small molecule inclusions, interactions of bilayers with embedded proteins.

Guo, Yachong; Baulin, Vladimir A. [Departament d’Enginyeria Química, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. dels Paisos Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona (Spain)] [Departament d’Enginyeria Química, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. dels Paisos Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona (Spain); Pogodin, Sergey [Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia, ICIQ, Av. Paisos Catalans 16, 43007 Tarragona (Spain)] [Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia, ICIQ, Av. Paisos Catalans 16, 43007 Tarragona (Spain)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

282

anterior circulation aneurysms: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

97 Circulation (Cont) Means of Transferring Heat Physics Websites Summary: h 12;Earth Global Circulation (Cont.) Note: When a cold air mass and a warm air mass...

283

anterior circulation strokes: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

53 Circulation (Cont) Means of Transferring Heat Physics Websites Summary: h 12;Earth Global Circulation (Cont.) Note: When a cold air mass and a warm air mass...

284

arterial coronary circulation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

119 Circulation (Cont) Means of Transferring Heat Physics Websites Summary: h 12;Earth Global Circulation (Cont.) Note: When a cold air mass and a warm air mass...

285

anterior circulation revascularization: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A 20 Circulation (Cont) Means of Transferring Heat Physics Websites Summary: h 12;Earth Global Circulation (Cont.) Note: When a cold air mass and a warm air mass...

286

Brain insulin lowers circulating BCAA levels by inducing hepatic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brain insulin lowers circulating BCAA levels by inducing hepatic BCAA catabolism. Brain insulin lowers circulating BCAA levels by inducing hepatic BCAA catabolism. Abstract:...

287

A general relativistic model for the light propagation in the gravitational field of the Solar System: the dynamical case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modern astrometry is based on angular measurements at the micro-arcsecond level. At this accuracy a fully general relativistic treatment of the data reduction is required. This paper concludes a series of articles dedicated to the problem of relativistic light propagation, presenting the final microarcsecond version of a relativistic astrometric model which enable us to trace back the light path to its emitting source throughout the non-stationary gravity field of the moving bodies in the Solar System. The previous model is used as test-bed for numerical comparisons to the present one. Here we also test different versions of the computer code implementing the model at different levels of complexity to start exploring the best trade-off between numerical efficiency and the micro-arcsecond accuracy needed to be reached.

Fernando de Felice; Alberto Vecchiato; Maria Teresa Crosta; Mario G. Lattanzi; Beatrice Bucciarelli

2006-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

288

Local rules for protein folding on a triangular lattice and generalized hydrophobicity in the HP model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A long standing problem in molecular biology is to determine the three-dimensional structure of a protein, given its amino acid sequence. A variety of simplifying models have been proposed abstracting only the {open_quotes}essential physical properties{close_quotes} of real proteins. In these models, the three dimensional space is often represented by a lattice. Residues which are adjacent in the primary sequence (i.e. covalently linked) must be placed at adjacent points in the lattice. A conformation of a protein is simply a self-avoiding walk along the lattice. The protein folding problem STRING-FOLD is that of finding a conformation of the protein sequence on the lattice such that the overall energy is minimized, for some reasonable definition of energy. This formulation leaves open the choices of a lattice and an energy function. Once these choices are made, one may then address the algorithmic complexity of optimizing the energy function for the lattice. For a variety of such simple models, this minimization problem is in fact NP-hard. In this paper, we consider the Hydrophobic-Polar (HP) Model introduced by Dill. The HP model abstracts the problem by grouping the 20 amino acids into two classes: hydrophobic (or non-polar) residues and hydrophilic (or polar) residues. For concreteness, we will take our input to be a string from (H,P){sup +}, where P represents polar residues, and H represents hydrophobic residues. Dill et.al. survey the literature analyzing this model. 8 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Agarwala, R. [National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States); Batzoglou, S. [MIT Lab. for Computer Science, Cambridge, MA (United States); Dancik, V. [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)] [and others

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Description of FLIPSIM V: a General Firm Level Policy Simulation Model.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) determined by a OP which maximizes expected utility~ Expected net returns are ca1culated using a weighted average of past yields and prices, modified for relevant loan rates, target prices, expected disaster or crop insurance payments , and acreage set... in this section of the model are being planned. 5 The farm programs in the model are activated separately by options specified by the analyst. When the net loan rate (price support) for a crop is greater than its market price, the operator's share of the crop...

Richardson, James W.; Nixon, Clair J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Internal noise driven generalized Langevin equation from a nonlocal continuum model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting with a micropolar formulation, known to account for nonlocal microstructural effects at the continuum level, a generalized Langevin equation (GLE) for a particle, describing the predominant motion of a localized region through a single displacement degree-of-freedom (DOF), is derived. The GLE features a memory dependent multiplicative or internal noise, which appears upon recognising that the micro-rotation variables possess randomness owing to an uncertainty principle. Unlike its classical version, the new GLE qualitatively reproduces the experimentally measured fluctuations in the steady-state mean square displacement of scattering centers in a polyvinyl alcohol slab. The origin of the fluctuations is traced to nonlocal spatial interactions within the continuum. A constraint equation, similar to a fluctuation dissipation theorem (FDT), is shown to statistically relate the internal noise to the other parameters in the GLE.

Saikat Sarkar; Shubhankar Roy Chowdhury; Debasish Roy; Ram Mohan Vasu

2015-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

291

An integrated life cycle quality model for general public market software products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The requirements are built upon existing industry standards, including ISO 9001. The TL 9000 Quality System quality view of TL9000 Handbook and detailed view from ISO/IEC 1926 in the process of defining, measuring by TL9000-ISO complement model as well as by application process walk-through. Proceedings of Software

Suryn, Witold

292

Generalized model for ultrafast laser induced electron emission from a metal tip  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we will present a brief review of the recently developed non-equilibrium heating and time dependent tunneling model to study the dynamic processes in using an ultrafast laser to induce electron emission from a metallic tip ranging from the multiphoton to the optical tunneling regime. Due to the short time scale of the ultrafast laser pulse, the lattice is found to be in a non-equilibrium condition and a single temperature model is no longer valid. The ultrafast laser heating enhances the electron emission through both the multiphoton and optical tunneling processes rather than over-barrier emission due to thermal heating. The paper is focused on the methodology of how these two effects (non-equilibrium heating and time-dependent tunneling) are combined in a self-consistent model. The model shows a smooth transition of the emitted charge as a function of laser field, ranging from the multiphoton emission regime at low laser field to the optical tunneling regime at high laser field. The paper will conclude with some discussion of future work.

Ang, L. K. [Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore) [Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore); School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Pant, M. [Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore)] [Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

A GENERALIZED ARRAY MANIFOLD MODEL FOR LOGAL SCATTERING IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, S-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden 'Dept. of Elec. & Comp. Engineering, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT the conventional plane wave model. 1. INTRODUCTION The use of antenna arrays as a tool for improving coverage reduce radiated power require- ments, allow for multiple mobile co-channel users, and re- duce signal

Swindlehurst, A. Lee

294

A Generalizing Fuzzy Model for Shallow Cavity Flows Under Different Mach Regimes1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exploiting the fuzzy inference mechanisms. Fuzzy logic is a practical tool for expressing human expertise of the critically essential behavior observed at the cavity floor. I. INTRODUCTION Fuzzy Logic (FL) is a practical shedding model. The fuzzy system in [7] has been used to scale a control signal produced by a PID

Debiasi, Marco

295

Generalisation of Levine's prediction for the distribution of freezing temperatures of droplets: A general singular model for ice nucleation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models without an explicit time dependence, called singular models, are widely used for fitting the distribution of temperatures at which water droplets freeze. In 1950 Levine developed the original singular model. His key assumption was that each droplet contained many nucleation sites, and that freezing occurred due to the nucleation site with the highest freezing temperature. The fact that freezing occurs due to the maximum value out of large number of nucleation temperatures, means that we can apply the results of what is called extreme-value statistics. This is the statistics of the extreme, i.e., maximum or minimum, value of a large number of random variables. Here we use the results of extreme-value statistics to show that we can generalise Levine's model to produce the most general singular model possible. We show that when a singular model is a good approximation, the distribution of freezing temperatures should always be given by what is called the generalised extreme-value distribution. In addition...

Sear, Richard P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Dynamic simulation of a circulating fluidized bed boiler of low circulating ratio with wide particle size distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A steady state model of a coal fired CFB boiler considering the hydrodynamics, heat transfer and combustion is presented. This model predicts the flue gas temperature, the chemical gas species (O{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, CO, CO{sub 2} and SO{sub 2}) and char concentration distributions in both the axial and radial location along the furnace including the bottom and upper portion. The model was validated against experimental data generated in a 35 t/h commercial CFB boiler with low circulating ratio.

Lu Huilin; Yang Lidan; Bie Rushan; Zhao Guangbo

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Circulation and convection in the Irminger Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aspects of the circulation and convection in the Irminger Sea are investigated using a variety of in-situ, satellite, and atmospheric reanalysis products. Westerly Greenland tip jet events are intense, small-scale wind ...

Våge, Kjetil

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

ISO-SWS calibration and the accurate modelling of cool-star atmospheres - II. General results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fine calibration of the ISO-SWS detectors (Infrared Space Observatory - Short Wavelength Spectrometer) has proven to be a delicate problem. We therefore present a detailed spectroscopic study in the 2.38 -- 12 micron wavelength range of a sample of 16 A0 -- M2 stars used for the calibration of ISO-SWS. By investigating the discrepancies between the ISO-SWS data of these sources, the theoretical predictions of their spectra, the high-resolution FTS-KP (Kitt Peak) spectrum of Alpha Boo and the solar FTS-ATMOS (Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy) spectrum, both calibration problems and problems in computing the theoretical models and the synthetic spectra are revealed. The underlying reasons for these problems are sought for and the impact on the further calibration of ISO-SWS and on the theoretical modelling is discussed extensively.

L. Decin; B. Vandenbussche; C. Waelkens; K. Eriksson; B. Gustafsson; B. Plez; A. J. Sauval; K. Hinkle

2002-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

299

General models of Einstein gravity with a non-Newtonian weak-field limit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate Einstein theories of gravity, coupled to a scalar field \\vphi and point-like matter, which are characterized by a scalar field-dependent matter coupling function e^{H(\\vphi)}. We show that under mild constraints on the form of the potential for the scalar field, there are a broad class of Einstein-like gravity models -characterized by the asymptotic behavior of H- which allow for a non-Newtonian weak-field limit with the gravitational potential behaving for large distances as ln r. The Newtonian term GM/r appears only as sub-leading. We point out that this behavior is also shared by gravity models described by f(R) Lagrangians. The relevance of our results for the building of infrared modified theories of gravity and for modified Newtonian dynamics is also discussed.

M. Cadoni; M. Casula

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

300

Probing Quantum General Relativity Through Exactly Soluble Midi-Superspaces II: Polarized Gowdy Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Canonical quantization of the polarized Gowdy midi-superspace with a 3-torus spatial topology is carried out. As in an earlier work on the Einstein-Rosen cylindrical waves, symmetry reduction is used to cast the original problem in 4-dimensional space-times to a 3-dimensional setting. To our knowledge, this is the first complete, systematic treatment of the Gowdy model in the geometrodynamical setting.

M. Pierri

2001-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The general QCD parametrization and the hierarchy of its parameters. (Why some simple models of hadrons work so well)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After summarizing the basic points of the general QCD parametrization (GP) we discuss systematically its applications to the properties of the lowest families of baryons and mesons. We show how the hierarchy of the parameters in the GP emerges clearly in the properties of hadrons. Among other things, it explains why simple models can work reasonably well and clarifies the relationship between current and constituent quarks. More details on the hadron properties discussed with the GP appear from the list of secrions at the beginning of the paper.

G. Dillon; G. Morpurgo

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

302

Electric Dipole moments of charged leptons and lepton flavor violating interactions in the general two Higgs Doublet model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the electric dipole moment of electron using the experimental result of muon electric dipole moment and upper limit of the BR(\\mu --> e\\gamma) in the framework of the general two Higgs doublet model. Our prediction is 10^{-32} e-cm, which lies in the experimental current limits. Further, we obtain constraints for the Yukawa couplings \\bar{\\xi}^{D}_{N,\\tau e} and \\bar{\\xi}^{D}_{N,\\tau\\mu}. Finally we present an expression which connects the BR(\\tau\\to \\mu\\gamma) and the electric dipole moment of \\tau-lepton and study the relation between these physical quantities.

E. O. Iltan

2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

303

Identifying and quantifying nonconservative energy production/destruction terms in hydrostatic Boussinesq primitive equation models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identifying and quantifying nonconservative energy production/destruction terms in hydrostatic Boussinesq primitive equation models R´emi Tailleux Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Earley/destruction terms in the local total energy balance equation in numerical ocean general circulation models (OGCMs

Tailleux, Remi

304

Power/knowledge in an age of reform| General education teachers and discourses of disability.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In this qualitative study, comprised of interviews and observations, I explore how discourses of disability circulating within the epistemologies and practices of four general… (more)

Lightman, Timohty

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Competing Pairing Symmetries in a Generalized Two-Orbital Model for the Pnictide Superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We introduce and study an extended t-U-J two-orbital model for the pnictides that includes Heisenberg terms deduced from the strong coupling expansion. Including these J terms explicitly allows us to enhance the strength of the %;0 - 0;% spin order which favors the presence of tightly bound pairing states even in the small clusters that are here exactly diagonalized. The A1g and B2g pairing symmetries are found to compete in the realistic spin-ordered and metallic regime. The dynamical pairing susceptibility additionally unveils low-lying B1g states, suggesting that small changes in parameters may render any of the three channels stable.

Nicholson, Andrew D [ORNL; Ge, Weihao [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Zhang, Xiaotian [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Riera, J. A. [Universidad Nacional de Rosario; Daghofer, M. [IFW Dresden; Olés, Andrzej M. [Max-Planck-Institut fur Feskorperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany; Martins, G. B. [Oakland University, Rochester, MI; Moreo, Adriana [ORNL; Dagotto, Elbio R [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

A cell model for homogenization of fiber-reinforced composites: General theory and nonlinear elasticity effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theoretical basis of the homogenization technique developed by Aboudi is presented and assessed. Given the constitutive relations of the constituents, this technique provides an equivalent, homogeneous, constitutive model of unidirectional, continuous-fiber-reinforced composites. The expressions that comprise the first-order version of the technique are given special attention as this treatment has considerable practical value. Nonlinear elasticity effects are added to it. This extension increases the accuracy of numerical simulations of high strain-rate loadings. It is particularly important for any dynamic loading in which shock waves might be produced, including crash safety, armor, and munitions applications. Examples illustrate that elastic nonlinearity can make substantial contributions at strains of only a few per cent. These contributions are greatest during post-yield inelastic deformation. The micromechanics-based homogenization technique is shown to facilitate use of an efficient approximate treatment of elastic nonlinearity in composites with isotropic matrix materials.

Aidun, J.B.; Addessio, F.L.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

A General Relativistic Model for Magnetic Monopole-Infused Compact Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emergent concepts from astroparticle physics are incorporated into a classical solution of the Einstein-Maxwell equations for a binary magnetohydrodynamic fluid, in order to describe the final equilibrium state of compact objects infused with magnetic monopoles produced by proton-proton collisions within the intense dipolar magnetic fields generated by these objects during their collapse. It is found that the effective mass of such an object's acquired monopolar magnetic field is three times greater than the mass of its native fluid and monopoles combined, necessitating that the interior matter undergo a transition to a state of negative pressure in order to attain equilibrium. Assuming full symmetry between the electric and magnetic Maxwell equations yields expressions for the monopole charge density and magnetic field by direct analogy with their electrostatic equivalents; inserting these into the Einstein equations then leads to an interior metric which is well-behaved from the origin to the surface, where it matches smoothly to an exterior magnetic Reissner-Nordstr\\"om metric free of any coordinate pathologies. The source fields comprising the model are all described by simple, well-behaved polynomial functions of the radial coordinate, and are combined with straightforward regularity conditions to yield expressions delimiting several fundamental physical parameters pertaining to this hypothetical astrophysical object.

Zoran Pazameta

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

308

Meridional circulation dynamics from 3D MHD global simulations of solar convection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The form of the solar meridional circulation is a very important ingredient for mean field flux transport dynamo models. Yet a shroud of mystery still surrounds this large-scale flow, given that its measurement using current helioseismic techniques is challenging. In this work we use results from 3D global simulations of solar convection to infer the dynamical behavior of the established meridional circulation. We make a direct comparison between the meridional circulation that arises in these simulations and the latest observations. Based on our results we argue that there should be an equatorward flow at the base of the convection zone at mid latitudes, below the current maximum depth helioseismic measures can probe (0.75 R). We also provide physical arguments to justify this behaviour. The simulations indicate that the meridional circulation undergoes substantial changes in morphology as the magnetic cycle unfolds. We close by discussing the importance of these dynamical changes for current methods of obse...

Passos, Dario; Miesch, Mark

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Cryogenic hydrogen circulation system of neutron source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cold neutron sources of reactors and spallation neutron sources are classic high flux neutron sources in operation all over the world. Cryogenic fluids such as supercritical or supercooled hydrogen are commonly selected as a moderator to absorb the nuclear heating from proton beams. By comparing supercritical hydrogen circulation systems and supercooled hydrogen circulation systems, the merits and drawbacks in both systems are summarized. When supercritical hydrogen circulates as the moderator, severe pressure fluctuations caused by temperature changes will occur. The pressure control system used to balance the system pressure, which consists of a heater as an active controller for thermal compensation and an accumulator as a passive volume controller, is preliminarily studied. The results may provide guidelines for design and operation of other cryogenic hydrogen system for neutron sources under construction.

Qiu, Y. N. [Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, BJ100190 China and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, BJ100049 (China); Hu, Z. J.; Wu, J. H.; Li, Q.; Zhang, Y. [Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, BJ100190 (China); Zhang, P. [School of Energy and Power Engineering, HuaZhong University of Science and Technology, WH430074 (China); Wang, G. P. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, BJ100049 (China)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

310

The generalized parton distribution functions and the nucleon spin sum rules in the chiral quark soliton model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The theoretical predictions are given for the forward limit of the unpolarized spin-flip isovector generalized parton distribution function $(E^u - E^d)(x, \\xi, t)$ within the framework of the chiral quark soliton model, with full inclusion of the polarization of Dirac sea quarks. We observe that $[(H^u - H^d) + (E^u - E^d)](x,0,0)$ has a sharp peak around $x=0$, which we interpret as a signal of the importance of the pionic $q \\bar{q}$ excitation with large spatial extension in the transverse direction. Another interesting indication given by the predicted distribution in combination with Ji's angular momentum sum rule is that the $\\bar{d}$-quark carries more angular momentum than the $\\bar{u}$-quark in the proton, which may have some relation with the physics of the violation of the Gottfried sum rule.

M. Wakamatsu; H. Tsujimoto

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

311

Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion Boiler Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or turndown so we delayed consideration of installation of a FBC boil r. CIRCULATING FBC In early 1980 we became aware of the work by the Ahlstrom Company of Helsinki, Finland in the development of the circulating FBC boiler design. The PYROFLOW... layer is a lightweight insulating refractory. In 1979, Ahlstrom started up a 45,000 pound per hour PYROFLOW unIt at Pihlava, Finland. In 1981, 200,000 pound per hour boiler was started up 1 Kauttua, Finland as le b se load steam supply for paper...

Farbstein, S. B.; Moreland, T.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Greenland's Island Rule and the Arctic Ocean circulation by Terrence M. Joyce1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Greenland's Island Rule and the Arctic Ocean circulation by Terrence M. Joyce1,2 and Andrey made for the flow around Greenland. Godfrey's theory has been extended to permit inclusion of Bering Archipelago in the modeled flow west of Greenland. In both models, the forcing has been applied in a quasi

Joyce, Terrence M.

313

The Impact of Wind Stress Feedback on the Stability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a circulation in the opposite sense. Clearly, it is the dif- ferent nature of the heat and freshwater coupling April 2010) ABSTRACT Recent results based on models using prescribed surface wind stress forcing have) into the Atlantic basin is a good indicator of the multiple-equilibria regime. By means of a coupled climate model

Arzel, Olivier

314

Statistical mechanics and ocean circulation Rick Salmon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical mechanics and ocean circulation Rick Salmon Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD equilibrium statistical mechanics based upon the conservation of energy and potential enstrophy to the mass. The equilibrium state resembles the buoyancy structure actually observed. Key words: statistical mechanics, ocean

Salmon, Rick

315

DOPPLER SIGNATURES OF THE ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION ON HOT JUPITERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The meteorology of hot Jupiters has been characterized primarily with thermal measurements, but recent observations suggest the possibility of directly detecting the winds by observing the Doppler shift of spectral lines seen during transit. Motivated by these observations, we show how Doppler measurements can place powerful constraints on the meteorology. We show that the atmospheric circulation-and Doppler signature-of hot Jupiters splits into two regimes. Under weak stellar insolation, the day-night thermal forcing generates fast zonal jet streams from the interaction of atmospheric waves with the mean flow. In this regime, air along the terminator (as seen during transit) flows toward Earth in some regions and away from Earth in others, leading to a Doppler signature exhibiting superposed blueshifted and redshifted components. Under intense stellar insolation, however, the strong thermal forcing damps these planetary-scale waves, inhibiting their ability to generate jets. Strong frictional drag likewise damps these waves and inhibits jet formation. As a result, this second regime exhibits a circulation dominated by high-altitude, day-to-night airflow, leading to a predominantly blueshifted Doppler signature during transit. We present state-of-the-art circulation models including non-gray radiative transfer to quantify this regime shift and the resulting Doppler signatures; these models suggest that cool planets like GJ 436b lie in the first regime, HD 189733b is transitional, while planets hotter than HD 209458b lie in the second regime. Moreover, we show how the amplitude of the Doppler shifts constrains the strength of frictional drag in the upper atmospheres of hot Jupiters. If due to winds, the {approx}2 km s{sup -1} blueshift inferred on HD 209458b may require drag time constants as short as 10{sup 4}-10{sup 6} s, possibly the result of Lorentz-force braking on this planet's hot dayside.

Showman, Adam P.; Lewis, Nikole K. [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, 1629 University Boulevard, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, 1629 University Boulevard, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Fortney, Jonathan J. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Shabram, Megan, E-mail: showman@lpl.arizona.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Transient Climate Response in a Two-Layer Energy-Balance Model. Part I: Analytical Solution and Parameter Calibration Using CMIP5 AOGCM Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analyzing the global thermal properties of atmosphere­ocean coupled general circulation models (AOGCMs perturbation, some EBMs assume that the thermal energy balance of the climate system is only expressedTransient Climate Response in a Two-Layer Energy-Balance Model. Part I: Analytical Solution

Ribes, Aurélien

317

Escape from washing out of baryon number in a two-zero-texture general Zee model compatible with the large mixing angle MSW solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a two-zero-texture general Zee model, compatible with the large mixing angle Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein solution. The washing out of the baryon number does not occur in this model for an adequate parameter range. We check the consistency of a model with the constraints coming from flavor changing neutral current processes, the recent cosmic microwave background observation, and the Z-burst scenario.

K. Hasegawa; C. S. Lim; K. Ogure

2003-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

318

Hamiltonian dynamics in extended phase space for gravity and its consistency with Lagrangian formalism: a generalized spherically symmetric model as an example  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Among theoretical issues in General Relativity the problem of constructing its Hamiltonian formulation is still of interest. The most of attempts to quantize Gravity are based upon Dirac generalization of Hamiltonian dynamics for system with constraints. At the same time there exists another way to formulate Hamiltonian dynamics for constrained systems guided by the idea of extended phase space. We have already considered some features of this approach in the previous MG12 Meeting by the example of a simple isotropic model. Now we apply the approach to a generalized spherically symmetric model which imitates the structure of General Relativity much better. In particular, making use of a global BRST symmetry and the Noether theorem, we construct the BRST charge that generates correct gauge transformations for all gravitational degrees of freedom.

T. P. Shestakova

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

319

Natural circulation in simulated LMFBR fuel assemblies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural circulation experiments have been performed using simulated liquid metal fast breeder reactor fuel assemblies in the Thermal-Hydraulic Out-of-Reactor Safety (THORS) facility, an engineering-scale sodium loop. Objective of these tests has been to provide experimental data under conditions that might be encountered during a partial or total loss of the shutdown heat removal system (SHRS) in a reactor. The experiments have included single- and two-phase tests under quasi-steady and transient conditions, at both nominal and non-nominal system conditions. Results from these test indicate that the potential for reactor damage during degraded SHRS operation is extremely slight, and that natural circulation can be a major contributor to safe operation of the system in both single- and two-phase flow during such operation.

Levin, A.E.; Carbajo, J.J.; Lloyd, D.B.; Montgomery, B.H.; Rose, S.D.; Wantland, J.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Dynamic analysis of a circulating fluidized bed riser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A linear state model is proposed to analyze dynamic behavior of a circulating fluidized bed riser. Different operating regimes were attained with high density polyethylene beads at low and high system inventories. The riser was operated between the classical choking velocity and the upper transport velocity demarcating fast fluidized and transport regimes. At a given riser superficial gas velocity, the aerations fed at the standpipe were modulated resulting in a sinusoidal solids circulation rate that goes into the riser via L-valve. The state model was derived based on the mass balance equation in the riser. It treats the average solids fraction across the entire riser as a state variable. The total riser pressure drop was modeled using Newton’s second law of motion. The momentum balance equation involves contribution from the weight of solids and the wall friction caused by the solids to the riser pressure drop. The weight of solids utilizes the state variable and hence, the riser inventory could be easily calculated. The modeling problem boils down to estimating two parameters including solids friction coefficient and time constant of the riser. It has been shown that the wall friction force acts in the upward direction in fast fluidized regime which indicates that the solids were moving downwards on the average with respect to the riser wall. In transport regimes, the friction acts in the opposite direction. This behavior was quantified based on a sign of Fanning friction factor in the momentum balance equation. The time constant of the riser appears to be much higher in fast fluidized regime than in transport conditions.

Panday, Rupen [REM Engineering PLLC; Shadle, Lawrence J. [U.S. DOE; Guenther, Chris [U.S. DOE

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A numerical study of circulation and mixing in a macrotidal estuary: Cobscook Bay, Maine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A numerical, three-dimensional coastal ocean model was ics. used to study the circulation and subsequent mixing of Cobscook Bay by the lunar semi-diurnal tide. The results showed strong ebbing and flooding currents along a main channel connected...

Baca, Michael William

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

On the vertical structure of adiabatic wave forcing for the ocean circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: wave-current coupling, radiation stresses, MARS3D, WAVEWATCH III Three-dimensional oceanic flows canOn the vertical structure of adiabatic wave forcing for the ocean circulation Part I: Theory submitted to Ocean Modelling October 5, 2010 hal-00523388,version2-5Oct2010 #12;can be developed. Keywords

323

Jet-like circulations occur in the `simple' geometries of gas planets and Earth's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Jet-like circulations occur in the `simple' geometries of gas planets and Earth's liquid stratification and boundary topography are both essential elements in structuring energy-containing eddies-slope waveguide) in a model basin, here driven by a compact cooling region at high latitude (Hallberg & Rhines JPO

324

On the non-linear response of the ocean thermohaline circulation to global deforestation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the non-linear response of the ocean thermohaline circulation to global deforestation H. Renssen-dimensional coupled atmosphere-sea-ice- ocean-vegetation model to study the transient effect of global deforestation deforestation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(2), 1061, doi:10.1029/ 2002GL016155, 2003. 1. Introduction [2] It has

Renssen, Hans

325

Spring temperatures in the Sagehen Basin, Sierra Nevada, CA: implications for heat flow and groundwater circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on groundwater flow depths within the basin. An analytical model based on these constraints indicates@berkeley.edu. Tel: +1 510 642 2288. Fax: +1 510 643 9980. Geofluids (2009) 9, 195­207 INTRODUCTION Groundwater and groundwater circulation MARIA BRUMM, CHI-YUEN WANG AND MICHAEL MANGA Earth and Planetary Science, University

Manga, Michael

326

Validity of the Generalized Second Law of Thermodynamics of the Universe Bounded by the Event Horizon in Holographic Dark Energy Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this letter, we investigate the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics of the universe bounded by the event horizon in the holographic dark energy model. The universe is chosen to be homogeneous and isotropic and the validity of the first law has been assumed here. The matter in the universe is taken in the form of non-interacting two fluid system- one component is the holographic dark energy model and the other component is in the form of dust.

Nairwita Mazumder; Subenoy Chakraborty

2010-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

327

THREE-DIMENSIONAL ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION OF HOT JUPITERS ON HIGHLY ECCENTRIC ORBITS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Of the over 800 exoplanets detected to date, over half are on non-circular orbits, with eccentricities as high as 0.93. Such orbits lead to time-variable stellar heating, which has major implications for the planet's atmospheric dynamical regime. However, little is known about the fundamental dynamical regime of such planetary atmospheres, and how it may influence the observations of these planets. Therefore, we present a systematic study of hot Jupiters on highly eccentric orbits using the SPARC/MITgcm, a model which couples a three-dimensional general circulation model (the MITgcm) with a plane-parallel, two-stream, non-gray radiative transfer model. In our study, we vary the eccentricity and orbit-average stellar flux over a wide range. We demonstrate that the eccentric hot Jupiter regime is qualitatively similar to that of planets on circular orbits; the planets possess a superrotating equatorial jet and exhibit large day-night temperature variations. As in Showman and Polvani, we show that the day-night heating variations induce momentum fluxes equatorward to maintain the superrotating jet throughout its orbit. We find that as the eccentricity and/or stellar flux is increased (corresponding to shorter orbital periods), the superrotating jet strengthens and narrows, due to a smaller Rossby deformation radius. For a select number of model integrations, we generate full-orbit light curves and find that the timing of transit and secondary eclipse viewed from Earth with respect to periapse and apoapse can greatly affect what we see in infrared (IR) light curves; the peak in IR flux can lead or lag secondary eclipse depending on the geometry. For those planets that have large temperature differences from dayside to nightside and rapid rotation rates, we find that the light curves can exhibit 'ringing' as the planet's hottest region rotates in and out of view from Earth. These results can be used to explain future observations of eccentric transiting exoplanets.

Kataria, T.; Showman, A. P.; Lewis, N. K. [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Fortney, J. J. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Marley, M. S.; Freedman, R. S., E-mail: tkataria@lpl.arizona.edu [NASA Ames Research Center 245-3, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

328

NUCLA Circulating Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Demonstration Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Annual Report on Colorado-Ute Electric Association's NUCLA Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) Demonstration Program covers the period from February 1987 through December 1988. The outline for presentation in this report includes a summary of unit operations along with individual sections covering progress in study plan areas that commenced during this reporting period. These include cold-mode shakedown and calibration, plant commercial performance statistics, unit start-up (cold), coal and limestone preparation and handling, ash handling system performance and operating experience, tubular air heater, baghouse operation and performance, materials monitoring, and reliability monitoring. During this reporting period, the coal-mode shakedown and calibration plan was completed. (VC)

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Carderock Circulating Water Channel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan DivideCannonCirculating Water Channel Jump to:

330

Reversing the Circulation of Magnetic Vortices  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 Resource Program September 2010 B O N NReversing the Circulation

331

Generalized Galilean Genesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The galilean genesis scenario is an alternative to inflation in which the universe starts expanding from Minkowski in the asymptotic past by violating the null energy condition stably. Several concrete models of galilean genesis have been constructed so far within the context of galileon-type scalar-field theories. We give a generic, unified description of the galilean genesis scenario in terms of the Horndeski theory, i.e., the most general scalar-tensor theory with second-order field equations. In doing so we generalize the previous models to have a new parameter (denoted by {\\alpha}) which results in controlling the evolution of the Hubble rate. The background dynamics is investigated to show that the generalized galilean genesis solution is an attractor, similarly to the original model. We also study the nature of primordial perturbations in the generalized galilean genesis scenario. In all the models described by our generalized genesis Lagrangian, amplification of tensor perturbations does not occur as ...

Nishi, Sakine

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

altered circulating levels: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

decadal oscillations of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in a cold climate oscillations and North Atlantic Oscil- lation (NAO)-like sea level pressure...

333

Fluid Circulation and Heat Extraction from Engineered Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from Engineered Geothermal Reservoirs Abstract A large amount of fluid circulation and heat extraction (i.e., thermal power production) research and testing has been conducted...

334

Progress in The Lost Circulation Technology Development Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lost circulation is the loss of drilling fluid from the wellbore to fractures or pores in the rock formation. In geothermal drilling, lost circulation is often a serious problem that contributes greatly to the cost of the average geothermal well. The Lost Circulation Technology Development Program is sponsored at Sandia National Laboratories by the US Department of Energy. The goal of the program is to reduce lost circulation costs by 30--50{percent} through the development of mitigation and characterization technology. This paper describes the technical progress made in this program during the period April, 1990--March, 1991. 4 refs., 15 figs., 1 tab.

Glowka, D.A.; Schafer, D.M.; Loeppke, G.E.; Wright, E.K.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Comparing the effects of various fuel alcohols on the natural attenuation of Benzene Plumes using a general substrate interaction model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Environmental Engineering, Rice University, MS-317, 6100 Main St., Houston, TX 77005, USA a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Article history: Received 30 October 2009 Received in revised form 26 January 2010 generalizations about the level of impact of specific fuel alcohols on benzene plume dynamics. © 2010 Elsevier B

Alvarez, Pedro J.

336

Thermodynamics of atmospheric circulation on hot Jupiters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atmospheric circulation on tidally-locked exoplanets is driven by the absorption and reradiation of heat from the host star. They are natural heat engines, converting heat into mechanical energy. A steady state is possible only if there is a mechanism to dissipate mechanical energy, or if the redistribution of heat is so effective that the Carnot efficiency is driven to zero. Simulations based on primitive, equivalent-barotropic, or shallow-water equations without explicit provision for dissipation of kinetic energy and for recovery of that energy as heat, violate energy conservation. More seriously perhaps, neglect of physical sources of drag may overestimate wind speeds and rates of advection of heat from the day to the night side.

J. Goodman

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

337

Nucla circulating atmospheric fluidized bed demonstration project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Colorado-Ute Electric Association began a study to evaluate options for upgrading and extending the life of its Nucla power station in 1982. Located in southwestern Colorado near the town of Nucla, this station was commissioned in 1959 with a local bituminous coal as its design fuel for three identical stoker-fired units, each rated at 12.6 MW(e). Poor station efficiency, high fuel costs, and spiraling boiler maintenance costs forced the Nucla Station into low priority in the CUEA dispatch order as early as 1981. Among the options CUEA considered was to serve as a host utility to demonstrate Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion (AFBC) technology. The anticipated environmental benefits and apparent attractive economics of a circulating AFBC led to Colorado-Ute's decision to proceed with the design and construction of a demonstration project in 1984 at the Nucla facility.

Keith, Raymond E.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

A Dark Energy Model with Generalized Uncertainty Principle in the Emergent, Intermediate and Logamediate Scenarios of the Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work is motivated by the work of Kim et al (2008), which considered the equation of state parameter for the new agegraphic dark energy based on generalized uncertainty principle coexisting with dark matter without interaction. In this work, we have considered the same dark energy inter- acting with dark matter in emergent, intermediate and logamediate scenarios of the universe. Also, we have investigated the statefinder, kerk and lerk parameters in all three scenarios under this inter- action. The energy density and pressure for the new agegraphic dark energy based on generalized uncertainty principle have been calculated and their behaviors have been investigated. The evolu- tion of the equation of state parameter has been analyzed in the interacting and non-interacting situations in all the three scenarios. The graphical analysis shows that the dark energy behaves like quintessence era for logamediate expansion and phantom era for emergent and intermediate expansions of the universe.

Rahul Ghosh; Surajit Chattopadhyay; Ujjal Debnath

2011-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

339

Uncertainty quantification for large-scale ocean circulation predictions.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uncertainty quantificatio in climate models is challenged by the sparsity of the available climate data due to the high computational cost of the model runs. Another feature that prevents classical uncertainty analyses from being easily applicable is the bifurcative behavior in the climate data with respect to certain parameters. A typical example is the Meridional Overturning Circulation in the Atlantic Ocean. The maximum overturning stream function exhibits discontinuity across a curve in the space of two uncertain parameters, namely climate sensitivity and CO{sub 2} forcing. We develop a methodology that performs uncertainty quantificatio in the presence of limited data that have discontinuous character. Our approach is two-fold. First we detect the discontinuity location with a Bayesian inference, thus obtaining a probabilistic representation of the discontinuity curve location in presence of arbitrarily distributed input parameter values. Furthermore, we developed a spectral approach that relies on Polynomial Chaos (PC) expansions on each sides of the discontinuity curve leading to an averaged-PC representation of the forward model that allows efficient uncertainty quantification and propagation. The methodology is tested on synthetic examples of discontinuous data with adjustable sharpness and structure.

Safta, Cosmin; Debusschere, Bert J.; Najm, Habib N.; Sargsyan, Khachik

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

CRYOGENIC SYSTEM FOR CONTINUOUS ULTRAHIGH HYDROGEN PURIFICATION IN CIRCULATION MODE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CRYOGENIC SYSTEM FOR CONTINUOUS ULTRAHIGH HYDROGEN PURIFICATION IN CIRCULATION MODE A. Vasilyev1 (Circulation Hydrogen Ultrahigh Purification System) is designed to solve these two tasks: providing, the total level of all contaminants (water, nitrogen, oxygen etc.) has to be lower than 0.01 ppm. Hydrogen

Kammel, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Development of a general purpose subgrid wall boiling model from improved physical understanding for use in computational fluid dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced modeling capabilities were developed for application to subcooled flow boiling through this work. The target was to introduce, and demonstrate, all necessary mechanisms required to accurately predict the temperature ...

Gilman, Lindsey Anne

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

A general model for estimating the economic and production effects of specified pesticide withdrawals: a cotton application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

available does not have quantitative esti- mates of social costs of present levels of pesticide use. However, the economists have developed several hypothetical models whereby an evaluation could be done. Unfortunately, many of the variables...

Casey, James Elmer

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

U.S. Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Proposals: Application of a Forward-Looking Computable General Equilibrium Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a forward-looking version of the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, and apply it to examine the economic implications of proposals in the U.S. Congress to limit greenhouse gas (GHG) ...

Gurgel, Angelo C.

344

Do Coupled Climate Models Correctly SImulate the Upward Branch of the Deept Ocean Global Conveyor?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The large-scale meridional overturning circulation (MOC) connects the deep ocean, a major reservoir of carbon, to the other components of the climate system and must therefore be accurately represented in Earth System Models. Our project aims to address the specific question of the pathways and mechanisms controlling the upwelling branch of the MOC, a subject of significant disagreement between models and observational syntheses, and among general circulation models. Observations of these pathways are limited, particularly in regions of complex hydrography such as the Southern Ocean. As such, we rely on models to examine theories of the overturning circulation, both physically and biogeochemically. This grant focused on a particular aspect of the meridional overturning circulation (MOC) where there is currently significant disagreement between models and observationally based analyses of the MOC, and amongst general circulation models. In particular, the research focused on addressing the following questions: 1. Where does the deep water that sinks in the polar regions rise to the surface? 2. What processes are responsible for this rise? 3. Do state-of-the-art coupled GCMs capture these processes? Our research had three key components: observational synthesis, model development and model analysis. In this final report we outline the key results from these areas of research for the 2007 to 2012 grant period. The research described here was carried out primarily by graduate student, Daniele Bianchi (now a Postdoc at McGill University, Canada), and Postdoc Stephanie Downes (now a Research Fellow at The Australian national University, Australia). Additional support was provided for programmers Jennifer Simeon as well as Rick Slater.

Sarmiento, Jorge L; Downes, Stephanie; Bianchi, Daniele

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

345

A general purpose Fortran 90 electronic structure program for conjugated systems using Pariser-Parr-Pople model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pariser-Parr-Pople (P-P-P) model Hamiltonian has been used extensively over the years to perform calculations of electronic structure and optical properties of $\\pi$-conjugated systems successfully. In spite of tremendous successes of \\emph{ab initio} theory of electronic structure of large systems, the P-P-P model continues to be a popular one because of a recent resurgence in interest in the physics of $\\pi$-conjugated polymers, fullerenes and other carbon based materials. In this paper, we describe a Fortran 90 computer program developed by us, which uses P-P-P model Hamiltonian to not only solve Hartree-Fock (HF) equation for closed- and open-shell systems, but also for performing correlation calculations at the level of single configuration interactions (SCI) for molecular systems. Moreover, the code is capable of computing linear optical absorption spectrum at various levels, such as, tight binding (TB) Hueckel model, HF, SCI, and also of calculating the band structure using the Hueckel model. The code ...

Sony, Priya

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Electronic structure of the dioxygen to transition metal bond: generalized molecular orbital calculations on models of manganese, iron, and cobalt porphyrins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are reported for FeP where P = porphinato(2-) ~ (NH2)4 , (NHCH2)4 , (N4C2H10) , (N4CBH6) and for Fe(02)PL where P = porphi nato(2-), (NH2)4 , (N4C2H6) and L = imidazole, NH3. The MO calculations indicate that (N4C2H6) is a better model for the porphyri n... ring in metal-dioxygen porphyrin complexes than the model (NH ) . This model was employed in generalized molecular orbital-confi guration interaction calculations of Fe(02)P(NH3), Co(02)P(NH3), and Mn(02)P where P = (N4C2H6) The ozone...

Newton, James Edward

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Optimization Under Generalized Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 Optimization Under Generalized Uncertainty Optimization Modeling Math 4794/5794: Spring 2013 Weldon A. Lodwick Weldon.Lodwick@ucdenver.edu 2/14/2013 Optimization Modeling - Spring 2013 #12 in the context of optimization problems. The theoretical frame-work for these notes is interval analysis. From

Lodwick, Weldon

348

Loading capability of HVDC transformer bushings with restricted oil circulation for use in HVDC valve halls  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The loading capability of a 500 kV HVDC transformer bushing is calculated with some unusual conditions: the internal oil circulation in the bushing is blocked at the flange level and the ambient air temperature is raised to 60 C. The theoretical model was verified with a full-scale heat run test on a 7.8 m long bushing. A 220 m[sup 3] insulated test chamber was required to enclose the test set-up.

Johansson, L.; Magnuson, B. (ABB Components AB, Ludvika (Sweden)); Riffon, P. (Hydro-Quebec, Montreal, Quebec (Canada))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Separating expansion from contraction in spherically symmetric models with a perfect-fluid: Generalization of the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff condition and application to models with a cosmological constant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate spherically symmetric perfect-fluid spacetimes and discuss the existence and stability of a dividing shell separating expanding and collapsing regions. We perform a 3+1 splitting and obtain gauge invariant conditions relating the intrinsic spatial curvature of the shells to the Misner-Sharp mass and to a function of the pressure that we introduce and that generalizes the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equilibrium condition. We find that surfaces fulfilling those two conditions fit, locally, the requirements of a dividing shell and we argue that cosmological initial conditions should allow its global validity. We analyze the particular cases of the Lema\\^itre-Tolman-Bondi dust models with a cosmological constant as an example of a cold dark matter model with a cosmological constant (\\Lambda-CDM) and its generalization to contain a central perfect-fluid core. These models provide simple, but physically interesting illustrations of our results.

José Pedro Mimoso; Morgan Le Delliou; Filipe C. Mena

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

350

Instability of single-phase natural circulation under multiple loops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural circulation loop passively conveys heat from heat sources to heat sinks without mechanical pump. Various plants have natural circulation systems, e.g., solar heaters, Light Water Reactor (LWR) and Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR). The core of LMFBR is cooled by forced convection of single-phase liquid sodium in normal operation. After the accident, the decay heat of the core is designed to be cooled by the natural circulation of the liquid sodium. The natural circulation cooling is very important from a viewpoint of passive safety concept. Here, the natural circulation in single loop system had been studied by many researchers. In a multiple loop system, the instability of natural circulation was more complicated because of the interaction between the loops. In this study, the effects of the multiple loop on the natural circulation instability were investigated numerically. The multiple loops system with one heating tube and two cooling tubes were evaluated. The one-dimensional energy and momentum equations were solved using Finite Difference Method. The flow regimes of the instability were evaluated with varying the heat flux. In multiple loop system, the observed flow was classified into five regimes including chaotic regime. The flow regimes were qualitatively explained by the stability of the attractor in the phase space.

Satoh, A.; Okamoto, K.; Madarame, H. [Univ. of Tokyo, Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Nuclear Engineering Research Lab.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

A reaction-based paradigm to model reactive chemical transport in groundwater with general kinetic and equilibrium reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a reaction-based water quality transport model in subsurface flow systems. Transport of chemical species with a variety of chemical and physical processes is mathematically described by M partial differential equations (PDEs). Decomposition via Gauss-Jordan column reduction of the reaction network transforms M species reactive transport equations into two sets of equations: a set of thermodynamic equilibrium equations representing NE equilibrium reactions and a set of reactive transport equations of M-NE kinetic-variables involving no equilibrium reactions (a kinetic-variable is a linear combination of species). The elimination of equilibrium reactions from reactive transport equations allows robust and efficient numerical integration. The model solves the PDEs of kinetic-variables rather than individual chemical species, which reduces the number of reactive transport equations and simplifies the reaction terms in the equations. A variety of numerical methods are investigated for solving the coupled transport and reaction equations. Simulation comparisons with exact solutions were performed to verify numerical accuracy and assess the effectiveness of various numerical strategies to deal with different application circumstances. Two validation examples involving simulations of uranium transport in soil columns are presented to evaluate the ability of the model to simulate reactive transport with complex reaction networks involving both kinetic and equilibrium reactions.

Zhang, Fan [ORNL; Yeh, Gour-Tsyh [University of Central Florida, Orlando; Parker, Jack C [ORNL; Brooks, Scott C [ORNL; Pace, Molly [ORNL; Kim, Young Jin [ORNL; Jardine, Philip M [ORNL; Watson, David B [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

The Role of Eddy-Tansport in the Thermohaline Circulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several research themes were developed during the course of this project. (1) Low-frequency oceanic varibility; (2) The role of eddies in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) region; (3) Deep stratification and the overturning circulation. The key findings were as follows: (1) The stratification below the main thermocline (at about 500m) is determined in the circumpolar region and then communicated to the enclosed portions of the oceans through the overturning circulation. (2) An Atlantic pole-to-pole overturning circulation can be maintained with very small interior mixing as long as surface buoyancy values are shared between the northern North Atlantic and the ACC region.

Dr. Paola Cessi

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

353

General Tables  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr Flickr Editor'sshort version) ThelongEmailStatusGeneralGeneral

354

On the World-wide Circulation of the Deeper Waters of the World Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

circulation of the Pacific Ocean: Flow patterns, tracers,in preparing the figures. Fig. 1 Pacific Ocean winds Fig.2 Pacific Ocean circulation Fig. 4 Pacific Ocean potential

Reid, Joseph L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

E-Print Network 3.0 - activating blood circulation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

System: The Heart Objectives Summary: . Systemic circulation left side of heart pumps blood through body: - left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood... Circulation 14-26 Blood...

356

Update of waste fuel firing experience in Foster Wheeler circulating fluidized bed boilers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the costs and availability of more conventional fuels continue to escalate, more and more customers are investigating and choosing operation with lower cost waste or alternative fuels. Details of units firing waste or alternative fuels which have been in active service for many years are summarized, and the fuel analyses are given. This chapter gives a general overview of the projects that are or will be firing waste or alternative fuels, namely, the Mt. Carmel Manitowoc, NISCO and HUNOSA units. The experience of the four operating units has demonstrated that waste and alternative fuels can be successfully and economically burned in an atmosphere circulating fluidized bed unit while meeting permitted emission requirements.

Abdulally, I.F.; Reed, K.A.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

357

Improving Heating System Operations Using Water Re-Circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to solve the imbalance problem of a heating system, brought about by consumer demand and regulation, and save the electricity energy consumed by a circulation pump, a water mixing and pressure difference control heating system is proposed...

Li, F.; Han, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

SURFACE CIRCULATION AND VENTILATION Lynne D. Talley(1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of autonomous subsurface profiling to include oxygen and turbulence profiling, and implementation of local of subsurface circulation in the wind-driven gyres (section 2), and (2) ventilation/upwelling processes

Talley, Lynne D.

359

Gas phase hydrodynamics inside a circulating fluidized bed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Circulating Fluidized Beds (CFB's) offer many advantages over traditional pulverized coal burners in the power generation industry. They operate at lower temperatures, have better environmental emissions and better fuel ...

Moran, James C. (James Christopher)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

atlantic thermohaline circulation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pacific at least as far as the paleolocation of Fe-Mn Crust CLD01 (5N Thomas, Debbie 235 Thermohaline circulation induced by bottom friction in sloping-boundary basins...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Research in lost circulation control for geothermal wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews recent progress at Sandia National Laboratories in the area of lost circulation control for geothermal wells. The Lost Circulation Program has three major elements: (1) Detection and characterization of loss zones, (2) Development of new techniques and materials for control of loss zones, and (3) Integration of the first two items for wellsite application. Most of our work to date has been in the area of developing new techniques and materials. We report here on progress that has been made in the past two years in the development of new, pumpable cementitious muds, in situ mixing and placement of polyurethane foams, and fundamental analysis of and materials development for particulate lost circulation materials. Plans for work in the area of zone detection and characterization, including development of a transient, lost circulation hydraulics simulator and field zone characterization using an advanced wellbore televiewer, are discussed.

Ortega, A.; Loeppke, G.E.; Givler, R.C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The decadal mean ocean circulation and Sverdrup balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elementary Sverdrup balance is tested in the context of the time-average of a 16-year duration time-varying ocean circulation estimate employing the great majority of global-scale data available between 1992 and 2007. The ...

Wunsch, Carl

363

Thermal drawdown analysis of the Hijiori HDR 90-day circulation test  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hijiori 90-day circulation test is unique in the development of HDR technology in that it was the first (and thus far the only) multiproduction well test run for a sufficient production period to obtain observed cooldown curves at multiple production horizons in the stimulated reservoir volume. The experimental data have been analyzed by the SGP 1-D linear heat sweep model to examine the extent of thermal cooldown in this relatively small, multi-well, multi-zone reservoir. Although changes in production flow were carried out in specific wells at specific times during the 90 days of circulation, matching of the observed cooldown curves in conjunction with the structural and temperature logging data allows estimation of the reservoir volume and the mean fracture spacing between rock blocks for heat extraction during the 90-day test.

Kruger, Paul; Yamaguchi, Tsutomu

1993-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

364

Modeling upwelling circulation off the Oregon coast Jianping Gan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-resolution curvilinear grid is utilized. The response of the coastal ocean to forcing by observed wind stress and heat fields. Over the bank the alongshore coastal jet is displaced offshore, and colder upwelled water extends-rich surface waters near the coast. Along the north central part of the Oregon coast between 45°N and 45.5°N

Gan, Jian-Ping

365

Modeling Atmospheric Circulation Changes over the North Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

density function (SDF) . essential di#erence between processes -- AR(1) ACVS dies down quickly and variance # 2 # 3. |#| SDF given by s X,# # cov{X t , X t noise; LM if # > 0) . ACVS and SDF given by s Y,# = # 2 # sin(##)#(1 - 2#)#(# + #) ##(# + 1 - #) & S Y

Percival, Don

366

Modeling Atmospheric Circulation Changes over the North Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

function (SDF) · essential difference between processes ­ AR(1) ACVS dies down quickly (exponentially), so) · ACVS and SDF given by sX, cov{Xt, Xt+ } = 2 || 1 - 2 & SX(f) = 2 1 + 2 - 2 cos(2f) , where = 0, Yt is white noise; LM if > 0) · ACVS and SDF given by sY, = 2 sin()(1 - 2)( + ) ( + 1 - ) & SY

Percival, Don

367

Modeling Atmospheric Circulation Changes over the North Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

density function (SDF) · essential difference between processes ­ AR(1) ACVS dies down quickly, then Xt is white noise) · ACVS and SDF given by sX, cov{Xt, Xt+ } = 2 || 1 - 2 & SX(f) = 2 1 + 2 - 2 cos; LM if > 0) · ACVS and SDF given by sY, = 2 sin()(1 - 2)( + ) ( + 1 - ) & SY (f) = 2 |2 sin(f)|2

Percival, Don

368

On the circulation and stratification of the Weddell Gyre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE CIRCULATION AND STRATIFICATION OF THE WEDDELL GYRE A Thesis by ALEIANDRO H. ORSI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1990 Major Subject: Oceanography ON THE CIRCULATION AND STRATIFICATION OF THE WEDDELL GYRE A Thesis by ALE JANDRO H. ORSI Approved as to style and content by: Worth D. No in, Jr. (Chair of Committee) Thomas Whitworth III (Member...

Orsi, Alejandro H.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Kick circulation analysis for extended reach and horizontal wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KICK CIRCULATION ANALYSIS FOR EXTENDED-REACH AND HORIZONTAL WELLS A Thesis by MAXIMILIAN M. LONG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2004 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering KICK CIRCULATION ANALYSIS FOR EXTENDED-REACH AND HORIZONTAL WELLS A Thesis by MAXIMILIAN M. LONG Submitted...

Long, Maximilian Mark

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

370

The influence of midlatitude and tropical overturning circulation on the isotopic composition of atmospheric water vapor and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coordinates. In this depiction, poleward transport of air and water vapor is non-diffusive, in a way for an open distillation. Model experiments that simulate a wide range of circulation strengths show to the polar region exceeds the rate at which surface sources replenish the poleward moving air stream. Across

Noone, David

371

Thorium isotopes as tracers of particles dynamics and deep water circulation in the Indian sector of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thorium isotopes as tracers of particles dynamics and deep water circulation in the Indian sector to study the distribution of thorium isotopes (234 Th, 232 Th and 230 Th) in the water column of the Indian in surface water (0­100 m) and a model was applied to estimate a residence time relative to the thorium

Coppola, Laurent

372

A general mechanism for producing scale-invariant perturbations and small non-Gaussianity in ekpyrotic models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore a new type of entropic mechanism for generating density perturbations in a contracting phase in which there are two scalar fields, but only one has a steep negative potential. This first field dominates the energy density and is the source of the ekpyrotic equation of state. The second field has a negligible potential, but its kinetic energy density is coupled to the first field with a non-linear sigma-model type interaction. We show that for any ekpyrotic equation of state it is possible to choose the potential and the kinetic coupling such that exactly scale-invariant (or nearly scale-invariant) entropy perturbations are produced. The corresponding background solutions are stable, and the bispectrum of the entropy perturbations vanishes as no non-Gaussianity is produced during the ekpyrotic phase. Hence, the only contribution to non-Gaussianity comes from the non-linearity of the conversion process during which entropic perturbations are turned into adiabatic ones, resulting in a local non-Gaussianity parameter $f_{NL} \\sim 5$.

Anna Ijjas; Jean-Luc Lehners; Paul J. Steinhardt

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

373

Multi-scale modeling of Puget Sound using an unstructured-grid coastal ocean model: from tide flats to estuaries and coastal waters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water circulation in Puget Sound, a large complex estuary system in the Pacific Northwest coastal ocean of the United States, is governed by multiple spatially and temporally varying forcings from tides, atmosphere (wind, heating/cooling, precipitation/evaporation, pressure), and river inflows. In addition, the hydrodynamic response is affected strongly by geomorphic features, such as fjord-like bathymetry and complex shoreline features, resulting in many distinguishing characteristics in its main and sub-basins. To better understand the details of circulation features in Puget Sound and to assist with proposed nearshore restoration actions for improving water quality and the ecological health of Puget Sound, a high-resolution (around 50 m in estuaries and tide flats) hydrodynamic model for the entire Puget Sound was needed. Here, a threedimensional circulation model of Puget Sound using an unstructured-grid finite volume coastal ocean model is presented. The model was constructed with sufficient resolution in the nearshore region to address the complex coastline, multi-tidal channels, and tide flats. Model open boundaries were extended to the entrance of the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the northern end of the Strait of Georgia to account for the influences of ocean water intrusion from the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the Fraser River plume from the Strait of Georgia, respectively. Comparisons of model results, observed data, and associated error statistics for tidal elevation, velocity, temperature, and salinity indicate that the model is capable of simulating the general circulation patterns on the scale of a large estuarine system as well as detailed hydrodynamics in the nearshore tide flats. Tidal characteristics, temperature/salinity stratification, mean circulation, and river plumes in estuaries with tide flats are discussed.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang

2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

374

Studies of the General Circulation of the Atmosphere with a Simplified Moist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is whether these can build up and rapidly release convectively available potential energy. The formulation of moisture on midlatitude static stability, eddy scales, and energy transports (this section to be remarkably neutral with respect to moist convection. Despite the large changes in dry stability

Frierson, Dargan

375

WORK IN PROGRESS --NOT FOR GENERAL CIRCULATION Animal Spirits: Affective and Deliberative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the limbic system. This is the powerhouse of the brain -- generator of the appetites, urges, emotions

376

Atmospheric model intercomparison project: Monsoon simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The simulation of monsoons, in particular the Indian summer monsoon, has proven to be a critical test of a general circulation model`s ability to simulate tropical climate and variability. The Monsoon Numerical Experimentation Group has begun to address questions regarding the predictability of monsoon extremes, in particular conditions associated with El Nino and La Nina conditions that tend to be associated with drought and flood conditions over the Indian subcontinent, through a series of seasonal integrations using analyzed initial conditions from successive days in 1987 and 1988. In this paper the authors present an analysis of simulations associated with the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP), a coordinated effort to simulate the 1979--1988 decade using standardized boundary conditions with approximately 30 atmospheric general circulation models. The 13 models analyzed to date are listed. Using monthly mean data from these simulations they have calculated indices of precipitation and wind shear in an effort to access the performance of the models over the course of the AMIP decade.

Sperber, K.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States). Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison; Palmer, T.N. [European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading (United Kingdom)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

General Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun withGenepool QuarterlyGeneraland Ernest O.General

378

General Publications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area. TheEPSCIResearch to sponsorGeneral Atomics

379

General Publications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr Flickr Editor'sshort version) ThelongEmailStatusGeneral Publications

380

DRILLING MACHINES GENERAL INFORMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TC 9-524 Chapter 4 DRILLING MACHINES GENERAL INFORMATION PURPOSE This chapter contains basic information pertaining to drilling machines. A drilling machine comes in many shapes and sizes, from small hand-held power drills to bench mounted and finally floor-mounted models. They can perform operations

Gellman, Andrew J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Mechanism of Interaction Between the General Anesthetic Halothane and a Model Ion Channel Protein, I: Structural Investigations via X-Ray Reflectivity from Langmuir Monolayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We previously reported the synthesis and structural characterization of a model membrane protein comprised of an amphiphilic 4-helix bundle peptide with a hydrophobic domain based on a synthetic ion channel and a hydrophilic domain with designed cavities for binding the general anesthetic halothane. In this work, we synthesized an improved version of this halothane-binding amphiphilic peptide with only a single cavity and an otherwise identical control peptide with no such cavity, and applied x-ray reflectivity to monolayers of these peptides to probe the distribution of halothane along the length of the core of the 4-helix bundle as a function of the concentration of halothane. At the moderate concentrations achieved in this study, approximately three molecules of halothane were found to be localized within a broad symmetric unimodal distribution centered about the designed cavity. At the lowest concentration achieved, of approximately one molecule per bundle, the halothane distribution became narrower and more peaked due to a component of {approx}19Angstroms width centered about the designed cavity. At higher concentrations, approximately six to seven molecules were found to be uniformly distributed along the length of the bundle, corresponding to approximately one molecule per heptad. Monolayers of the control peptide showed only the latter behavior, namely a uniform distribution along the length of the bundle irrespective of the halothane concentration over this range. The results provide insight into the nature of such weak binding when the dissociation constant is in the mM regime, relevant for clinical applications of anesthesia. They also demonstrate the suitability of both the model system and the experimental technique for additional work on the mechanism of general anesthesia, some of it presented in the companion parts II and III under this title.

Strzalka, J.; Liu, J; Tronin, A; Churbanova, I; Johansson, J; Blasie, J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Comparative Study of summer, Winter and Quinox Sky Type of India Using Daylight Coefficient Method and Cie Standard General Sky Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract:- Energy efficiency provided by daylight requires an accurate estimation of the amount of daylight entering a building. The actual daylight illuminance of a room is mainly influenced by the luminance levels and patterns of the sky in the direction of view of the window at that time. The daylight coefficient concept, which considers the changes in the luminance of the sky elements, offers a more effective way of computing indoor daylight illuminances. Recently, Kittler et al. have proposed a new range of 15 standard sky luminance distributions including the CIE (International Commission onIllumination) standard clear sky. Lately, these 15 sky luminance models have been adopted as the CIE Standard General Skies.This paper aims to find out representative CIE (International Commission on Illumination) Standard Clear Sky model(s) for three different seasons-winter solstice, equinox, and summer solstice applicable for prevailing clear sky climatic conditions in India [Roorkee]. Indian measured sky luminance distribution database is available only for Roorkee[29 0 51 ' N; 77 0 53 ' E]. To find out the best match between Indian measured sky luminance distribution and each of five CIE Standard Clear sky models, only sky component of spatial illuminance distribution over the working plane of a room was simulated by MATLABfor three different seasons. Daylight Coefficient method has been applied for the simulation using Indian sky luminance database.The simulation has been done for the room with eight different window orientations ranging from 0 0 to 315 0 with an interval of 45 0 to generate data for the entire sky vault. To find out the

Sutapa Mukherjee M. Tech

383

Methods of forming a fluidized bed of circulating particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

There is disclosed an apparatus for forming a fluidized bed of circulating particles. In an embodiment, the apparatus includes a bottom portion having a sidewall, the sidewall defining a curvilinear profile, and the bottom portion configured to contain a bed of particles; and a gas inlet configured to produce a column of gas to carry entrained particles therein. There is disclosed a method of forming a fluidized bed of circulating particles. In an embodiment, the method includes positioning particles within a bottom portion having a sidewall, the sidewall defining a curvilinear profile; producing a column of gas directed upwardly through a gas inlet; carrying entrained particles in the column of gas to produce a fountain of particles over the fluidized bed of circulating particles and subside in the particle bed until being directed inwardly into the column of gas within the curvilinear profile.

Marshall, Douglas W. (Blackfoot, ID)

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

384

Environmental Impact and Sustainability Applied General Equilibrium...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equilibrium Model (ENVISAGE) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Environmental Impact and Sustainability Applied General Equilibrium Model (ENVISAGE)...

385

Feasibility of natural circulation heat transport in the ENHS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis has been carried out of natural circulation thermal hydraulics in both the primary and intermediate circuits of the Encapsulated Nuclear Heat Source (ENHS). It is established that natural circulation enhanced by gas injection into the primary coolant above the core, or the intermediate coolant above the heat exchange zone, is effective in transporting the nominal core power to the steam generators without the attainment of excessive system temperatures. Uncertainties in thermophysical properties and wall friction have a relatively small effect upon the calculated best estimate primary and intermediate coolant system temperature rises.

Sienicki, J.J.

2002-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

386

Feasibility of Natural Circulation Heat Transport in the ENHS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis has been carried out of natural circulation thermal hydraulics in both the primary and intermediate circuits of the Encapsulated Nuclear Heat Source (ENHS). It is established that natural circulation enhanced by gas injection into the primary coolant above the core, or the intermediate coolant above the heat exchange zone, is effective in transporting the nominal core power to the steam generators without the attainment of excessive system temperatures. Uncertainties in thermophysical properties and wall friction have a relatively small effect upon the calculated best estimate primary and intermediate coolant system temperature rises. (authors)

Sienicki, James J. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Refractory experience in circulating fluidized bed combustors, Task 7  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the results of an investigation into the status of the design and selection of refractory materials for coal-fueled circulating fluidized-bed combustors. The survey concentrated on operating units in the United States manufactured by six different boiler vendors: Babcock and Wilcox, Combustion Engineering, Foster Wheeler, Keeler Dorr-Oliver, Pyropower, and Riley Stoker. Information was obtained from the boiler vendors, refractory suppliers and installers, and the owners/operators of over forty units. This work is in support of DOE's Clean Coal Technology program, which includes circulating fluidized-bed technology as one of the selected concepts being evaluated.

Vincent, R.Q.

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Assessing the performance of thermospheric modelling with data assimilation throughout solar cycles 23 and 24  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data assimilation procedures have been developed for thermospheric models using satellite density measurements as part of the EU Framework Package 7 ATMOP Project. Two models were studied; one a general circulation model, TIEGCM, and the other a semi-empirical drag temperature model, DTM. Results of runs using data assimilation with these models were compared with independent density observations from CHAMP and GRACE satellites throughout solar cycles 23 and 24. Time periods of 60 days were examined at solar minimum and maximum, including the 2003 Hallowe'en storms. The differences between the physical and the semi-empirical models have been characterised. Results indicate that both models tend to show similar behaviour; underestimating densities at solar maximum, and overestimating them at solar minimum. DTM performed better at solar minimum, with both models less accurate at solar maximum. A mean improvement of ~4% was found using data assimilation with TIEGCM. With further improvements, the use of general ...

Murray, Sophie A; Jackson, David R; Bruinsma, Sean L

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Viscosity of liquid {sup 4}He and quantum of circulation: Are they related?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the vicinity of the superfluid transition in liquid {sup 4}He, we explore the relation between two apparently unrelated physical quantities—the kinematic viscosity, ?, in the normal state and the quantum of circulation, ?, in the superfluid state. The model developed here leads to the simple relationship ? ? ?/6, and links the classical and quantum flow properties of liquid {sup 4}He. We critically examine available data relevant to this relation and find that the prediction holds well at the saturated vapor pressure. Additionally, we predict the kinematic viscosity for liquid {sup 4}He along the ?-line at negative pressures.

L’vov, Victor S., E-mail: victor.lvov@gmail.com, E-mail: skrbek@fzu.cz, E-mail: krs3@nyu.edu [Department of Chemical Physics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); Skrbek, Ladislav, E-mail: victor.lvov@gmail.com, E-mail: skrbek@fzu.cz, E-mail: krs3@nyu.edu [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 3, 12116 Prague (Czech Republic)] [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 3, 12116 Prague (Czech Republic); Sreenivasan, Katepalli R., E-mail: victor.lvov@gmail.com, E-mail: skrbek@fzu.cz, E-mail: krs3@nyu.edu [Departments of Physics and Mechanical Engineering, and Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

RADIOGENIC ISOTOPES: TRACERS OF PAST OCEAN CIRCULATION AND EROSIONAL INPUT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the ocean has varied as a function of changes in paleocircu- lation, source provenances, style and intensity-established paleoceano- graphic tracers such as carbon isotopes. INDEX TERMS: 1040 Geochemistry: Isotopic composition Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) according to latest estimates based on results of the World Ocean Circulation

Jellinek, Mark

391

Performance of Liquid Metals in Natural Circulation Cooled Nuclear Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The inherent safety capability of natural circulation makes reactor design more reliable. Additionally, the construction and operation of a nuclear power plant with natural circulation in the primary cooling circuit is an interesting alternative for nuclear plant designers, due to their lower operational and investment costs obtained by simplifying systems and controls. This paper deals with the feasibility of application of natural circulation in the primary cooling circuit of a liquid metal fast reactor. The methodology employed is a non-dimensional analysis, which describes the relationship between the physical properties and system variables. The performance criterion is bounded by a safety argument, referring to the maximum cladding temperature allowed during operation. The study considers several coolants, which can play a part in reactor cooling systems, such as lead, lead-bismuth and sodium. Bismuth and gallium are included in this analysis, in order to extend the range of properties for reference purposes. The results present a characterization of natural circulation flow in a reactor and compare the cooling capabilities from different liquid metals coolants. (authors)

Ceballos, Carlos; Lathouwers, Danny; Verkooijen, Adrian [Interfacultair Reactor Instituut, Technische Universiteit Delft, Mekelweg 15, Delft (Netherlands)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Scattering past a cylinder with weak circulation August 25, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the two dimensional velocity vector of the fluid, and h is the density of the gas, or the height as a function of the velocity potential . 158 #12;3 Small amplitude waves 3.1 Time averaged equations WhenScattering past a cylinder with weak circulation John Rudge August 25, 2005 1 Introduction Wave

Rudge, John

393

Innovative Cooling Design Traditional data centers circulate mechanically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be circulated through piping under walkways to keep pedestrian areas free of dangerous ice and snow in cold and lower costs for important technologies including solar photovoltaics, wind energy, energy storage and uncertainty that are often barriers to industry adopting new and innovative technologies, thereby accelerating

394

DMEC-1 Pressurized Circulating Fluidized-Bed Demonstration Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DMEC-1 project will demonstrate the use of Pyropower`s PYROFLOW pressurized circulating fluidized bed technology to repower an existing coal fired generating station. This will be the first commercial application of this technology in the world. The project is now in budget period 1, the preliminary design phase.

Kruempel, G.E.; Ambrose, S.J. [Midwest Power, Des Moines, IA (United States); Provol, S.J. [Pyropower Corp., San Diego, CA (United States)

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Traditional and novel approaches to palaeoclimate modelling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Palaeoclimate archives contain information on climate variability, trends and mechanisms. Models are developed to explain observations and predict the response of the climate system to perturbations, in particular perturbations associated with the anthropogenic influence. Here, we review three classical frameworks of climate modelling: conceptual, simulator-based (including general circulation models and Earth system models of intermediate complexity), and statistical. The conceptual framework aims at a parsimonious representation of a given climate phenomenon; the simulator-based framework connects physical and biogeochemical principles with phenomena at different spatial and temporal scales; and statistical modelling is a framework for inference from observations, given hypotheses on systematic and random effects. Recently, solutions have been proposed in the literature to combine these frameworks, and new concepts have emerged: the emulator (a statistical, computing efficient surrogate for the simulator) a...

Crucifix, Michel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

MFIX simulation of NETL/PSRI challenge problem of circulating fluidized bed  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

In this paper, numerical simulations of NETL/PSRI challenge problem of circulating fluidized bed (CFB) using the open-source code Multiphase Flow with Interphase eXchange (MFIX) are reported. Two rounds of simulation results are reported including the first-round blind test and the second-round modeling refinement. Three-dimensional high fidelity simulations are conducted to model a 12-inch diameter pilot-scale CFB riser. Detailed comparisons between numerical results and experimental data are made with respect to axial pressure gradient profile, radial profiles of solids velocity and solids mass flux along different radial directions at various elevations for operating conditions covering different fluidization regimes. Overall, the numerical results show that CFD can predict the complex gas–solids flow behavior in the CFB riser reasonably well. In addition, lessons learnt from modeling this challenge problem are presented.

Li, Tingwen; Dietiker, Jean-Francois; Shahnam, Mehrdad

2012-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

397

Journal of Climate How ocean circulation can decouple sea surface temperature from global radiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Climate How ocean circulation can decouple sea surface temperature from global radiative net radiation. The positively- correlated regime is associated with increased Southern Ocean balance and sea surface height --Manuscript Draft-- Manuscript Number: Full Title: How ocean circulation

Gnanadesikan, Anand

398

Experimental Study of the Circulation Air Volume of Recirculation Evaporative Cooling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper introduces the technology of re-circulation evaporative cooling (REC), which uses a portion of supply air as secondary air to make cool water used to indirectly cool outside air through a heat exchanger. The circulation volume...

Xiong, J.; Liu, Z.; Wang, C.; Chen, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

EVALUATION OF INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE ARCHITECTURES USING A COMPUTABLE GENERAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EVALUATION OF INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE ARCHITECTURES USING A COMPUTABLE GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM of Thesis: Evaluation of International Climate Change Architectures Using a Computable General Equilibrium change architecture; computable general equilibrium model; energy-economy model; cap-and-trade system #12

400

A review of existing gas-cooled reactor circulators with application of the lessons learned to the new production reactor circulators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a study of the lessons learned during the design, testing, and operation of gas-cooled reactor coolant circulators. The intent of this study is to identify failure modes and problem areas of the existing circulators so this information can be incorporated into the design of the circulators for the New Production Reactor (NPR)-Modular High-Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor (MHTGR). The information for this study was obtained primarily from open literature and includes data on high-pressure, high-temperature helium test loop circulators as well as the existing gas cooled reactors worldwide. This investigation indicates that trouble free circulator performance can only be expected when the design program includes a comprehensive prototypical test program, with the results of this test program factored into the final circulator design. 43 refs., 7 tabs.

White, L.S.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Deterministic treatment of model error in geophysical data assimilation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This chapter describes a novel approach for the treatment of model error in geophysical data assimilation. In this method, model error is treated as a deterministic process fully correlated in time. This allows for the derivation of the evolution equations for the relevant moments of the model error statistics required in data assimilation procedures, along with an approximation suitable for application to large numerical models typical of environmental science. In this contribution we first derive the equations for the model error dynamics in the general case, and then for the particular situation of parametric error. We show how this deterministic description of the model error can be incorporated in sequential and variational data assimilation procedures. A numerical comparison with standard methods is given using low-order dynamical systems, prototypes of atmospheric circulation, and a realistic soil model. The deterministic approach proves to be very competitive with only minor additional computational c...

Carrassi, Alberto

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Meridional Circulation in Solar and Stellar Convection Zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a series of 3-D nonlinear simulations of solar-like convection, carried out using the Anelastic Spherical Harmonic (ASH) code, that are designed to isolate those processes that drive and shape meridional circulations within stellar convection zones. These simulations have been constructed so as to span the transition between solar-like differential rotation (fast equator/slow poles) and ``anti-solar' differential rotation (slow equator/fast poles). Solar-like states of differential rotation, arising when convection is rotationally constrained, are characterized by a very different convective Reynolds stress than anti-solar regimes, wherein convection only weakly senses the Coriolis force. We find that the angular momentum transport by convective Reynolds stress plays a central role in establishing the meridional flow profiles in these simulations. We find that the transition from single-celled to multi-celled meridional circulation profiles in strong and weak regimes of rotational constraint is lin...

Featherstone, Nicholas A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Apparatus and method for determining solids circulation rate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention relates to a method of determining bed velocity and solids circulation rate in a standpipe experiencing a moving packed bed flow, such as the in the standpipe section of a circulating bed fluidized reactor The method utilizes in-situ measurement of differential pressure over known axial lengths of the standpipe in conjunction with in-situ gas velocity measurement for a novel application of Ergun equations allowing determination of standpipe void fraction and moving packed bed velocity. The method takes advantage of the moving packed bed property of constant void fraction in order to integrate measured parameters into simultaneous solution of Ergun-based equations and conservation of mass equations across multiple sections of the standpipe.

Ludlow, J. Christopher (Morgantown, WV); Spenik, James L. (Morgantown, WV)

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

404

Four Rivers second generation Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Air Products has been selected in the DOE Clean Coal Technology Round V program to build, own, and operate the first commercial power plant using second generation Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed (PCFB) combustion technology. The four Rivers Energy Project (Four Rivers) will produce up to 400,000 lb/hr steam, or an equivalent gross capacity of 95 MWe. The unit will be used to repower an Air Products chemicals manufacturing facility in Calvert City, Kentucky.

Holley, E.P.; Lewnard, J.J. [Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (United States); von Wedel, G. [LLB Lurgi Lentjes Babcock Energietechnik (GmbH); Richardson, K.W. [Foster Wheeler Energy Corp. (United States); Morehead, H.T. [Westinghouse Electric Corp. (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The mean-field solar dynamo with double cell meridional circulation pattern  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper addresses the question whether the dynamo remains of the solar type if it is coupled with the two-cell in radius meridional circulation pattern. The answer is positive for a wide class of dynamo models that take into account the subsurface rotational shear. We show that the Gleisberg-type cycles, representing variations of 11-year on the centure time scale, can be generated due to a nonlinear resonance between the dynamo wave, and the large-scale magnetic field amplification in the middle of the convection zone as a result of the convergent meridional shearing flows. The conditions of such resonant interaction depends on the speed of the meridional flow and other details of the model.

Pipin, V V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Stability Analysis on Single-Phase Natural Circulation in Argonne Lead Loop Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One-dimensional linear stability analysis was performed for single-phase lead-bismuth eutectic natural circulation. The Nyquist criterion and a root search method were employed to find the linear stability boundary of both forward and backward circulations. It was found that the natural circulations could be linearly unstable in a high Reynolds number region. Increasing loop friction makes a forward circulation more stable, but destabilizes the corresponding backward circulation under the same heating/cooling conditions. The characteristic wavelength of an unstable disturbance is roughly equal to the entire loop length. (authors)

Wu, Qiao [Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-4501 (United States); Sienicki, James J. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

"What Controls the Structure and Stability of the Ocean Meridional Overturning Circulation: Implications for Abrupt Climate Change?"  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The central goal of this research project is to understand the properties of the ocean meridional overturning circulation (MOC) – a topic critical for understanding climate variability and stability on a variety of timescales (from decadal to centennial and longer). Specifically, we have explored various factors that control the MOC stability and decadal variability in the Atlantic and the ocean thermal structure in general, including the possibility abrupt climate change. We have also continued efforts on improving the performance of coupled ocean-atmosphere GCMs.

Fedorov, Alexey [Yale University] [Yale University

2013-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

408

A toolkit for building earth system models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An earth system model is a computer code designed to simulate the interrelated processes that determine the earth`s weather and climate, such as atmospheric circulation, atmospheric physics, atmospheric chemistry, oceanic circulation, and biosphere. I propose a toolkit that would support a modular, or object-oriented, approach to the implementation of such models.

Foster, I.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

A toolkit for building earth system models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An earth system model is a computer code designed to simulate the interrelated processes that determine the earth's weather and climate, such as atmospheric circulation, atmospheric physics, atmospheric chemistry, oceanic circulation, and biosphere. I propose a toolkit that would support a modular, or object-oriented, approach to the implementation of such models.

Foster, I.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Interacting new generalized Chaplygin gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have presented a model in which the new generalized Chaplygin gas interacts with matter. We find that there exists a stable scaling solution at late times in the evolution of the universe. Moreover, the phantom crossing scenario is observed in this model.

Mubasher Jamil

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

411

An experimental study of the hydrodynamics and cluster formation in a circulating fluidized bed. Topical report, January 1, 1991--June 30, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research program involves two major aspects. First, to evaluate techniques to effectively probe the polydisperse gas-solid flows and second, to apply these techniques to study the gas-solid flow structure and clusters in the riser of a circulating fluidized bed riser. Amongst the non-intrusive techniques a modified laser Doppler technique based on the fluorescence-emission concept has been adopted and the other techniques involve pitot-static pressure probes. A circulating fluidized bed (CFB) facility has been designed, built and is currently operational at West Virginia University. The design provides for maximum versatility in investigating the hydrodynamics of the CFB riser. Two stage cyclones are employed to capture the particles exhausted from the riser. Measurements of gas velocity distribution were carried out in the circulating fluidized bed riser. with particles having a mean diameter of 112 {mu}m and a density of 2305 kg/m{sup 3} and another set of particles with a mean diameter of 145 {mu}m and a density of 2245 kg/m{sup 3}. The experimental results showed that the local gas velocity varied with the radial position, elevation, solids circulation rate, superficial velocity and particle size. A general formula for gas velocity distribution in the circulating fluidized bed riser was obtained based on the particle circulation, superficial velocity and particle diameter. The pressure drops across the L-valve were also studied for different particle sizes, L-valve diameters and aeration. The solids flowrate was found to be a function of the L-valve geometry, operating parameters and solids properties. Pressure drop of L-valve increases with increasing solids diameter and decreasing diameter of the L-valve. Pressure drop across standpipe increases as the solids diameter and diameter of the standpipe decrease.

Gautam, M.; Jurewicz, J.; Heping, Y.; Clifton, K.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Predictive Understanding of the Oceans' Wind-Driven Circulation on Interdecadal Time Scales  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to obtain a predictive understanding of a major component of the climate systemâ??s interdecadal variability: the oceansâ?? wind-driven circulation. To do so, we developed and applied advanced computational and statistical methods to the problem of climate variability and climate change. The methodology was developed first for models of intermediate complexity, such as the quasi-geostrophic and the primitive equations, which describe the wind-driven, near-surface flow in mid-latitude ocean basins. Our computational work consisted in developing efficient multi-level methods to simulate this flow and study its dependence on physically relevant parameters. Our oceanographic and climate work consisted in applying these methods to study the bifurcations in the wind-driven circulation and their relevance to the flows observed at present and those that might occur in a warmer climate. Both aspects of the work are crucial for the efficient treatment of large-scale, eddy-resolving numerical simulations of the oceans and an increased understanding and better prediction of climate change. Considerable progress has been achieved in understanding ocean-atmosphere interaction in the mid-latitudes. An important by-product of this research is a novel approach to explaining the North Atlantic Oscillation.

Michael Ghil, P.I., Dept. of Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences and IGPP, UCLA; Roger Temam, Co-P.I., Dept. of Mathematics, Indiana University; Y. Feliks, IIBR; E. Simonnet, INLN; and T.Tachim-Medjo, FIU, collaborators

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

413

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 104,NO. C1, PAGES 1393-1404,JANUARY 15, 1999 The time-mean circulation in the Agulhas region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

high resolution radiometer infrared satellite data, confirming the northward meander of the Agulhas in the Agulhas Retroflection area is deter- minedby combiningTOPEX/POSEIDON data and a two-layerquasi-geostrophic model usingthe ensemblesmoother. By taking the time-mean circulation as the unknown in the data

van Leeuwen, Peter Jan

414

Non-adiabatic pumping in an oscillating-piston model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the prototypical "piston pump" operating on a ring, where a circulating current is induced by means of an AC driving. This can be regarded as a generalized Fermi-Ulam model, incorporating a finite-height moving wall (piston) and non trivial topology (ring). The amount of particles transported per cycle is determined by a layered structure of phase-space. Each layer is characterized by a different drift velocity. We discuss the differences compared with the adiabatic and Boltzmann pictures, and highlight the significance of the "diabatic" contribution that might lead to a counter-stirring effect.

Maya Chuchem; Thomas Dittrich; Doron Cohen

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

415

Regional Climate Modeling: Progress, Challenges, and Prospects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Regional climate modeling with regional climate models (RCMs) has matured over the past decade and allows for meaningful utilization in a broad spectrum of applications. In this paper, latest progresses in regional climate modeling studies are reviewed, including RCM development, applications of RCMs to dynamical downscaling for climate change assessment, seasonal climate predictions and climate process studies, and the study of regional climate predictability. Challenges and potential directions of future research in this important area are discussed, with the focus on those to which less attention has been given previously, such as the importance of ensemble simulations, further development and improvement of regional climate modeling approach, modeling extreme climate events and sub-daily variation of clouds and precipitation, model evaluation and diagnostics, applications of RCMs to climate process studies and seasonal predictions, and development of regional earth system models. It is believed that with both the demonstrated credibility of RCMs’ capability in reproducing not only monthly to seasonal mean climate and interannual variability but also the extreme climate events when driven by good quality reanalysis and the continuous improvements in the skill of global general circulation models (GCMs) in simulating large-scale atmospheric circulation, regional climate modeling will remain an important dynamical downscaling tool for providing the needed information for assessing climate change impacts and seasonal climate predictions, and a powerful tool for improving our understanding of regional climate processes. An internationally coordinated effort can be developed with different focuses by different groups to advance regional climate modeling studies. It is also recognized that since the final quality of the results from nested RCMs depends in part on the realism of the large-scale forcing provided by GCMs, the reduction of errors and improvement in physics parameterizations in both GCMs and RCMs remain a priority for climate modeling community.

Wang, Yuqing; Leung, Lai R.; McGregor, John L.; Lee, Dong-Kyou; Wang, Wei-Chyung; Ding, Yihui; Kimura, Fujio

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Four Rivers second generation pressurized circulating fluidized bed combustion project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Air Products has been selected in the DOE Clean Coal Technology Round 5 program to build, own, and operate the first commercial power plant using second generation Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed (PCFB) combustion technology. The Four Rivers Energy Project (Four Rivers) will produce approximately 70 MW electricity, and will produce up to 400,000 lb/hr steam, or an equivalent gross capacity of 95 MWe. The unit will be used to repower an Air Products chemicals manufacturing facility in Calvert City, Kentucky.

Holley, E.P.; Lewnard, J.J. [Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, PA (United States); Wedel, G. von; Richardson, K.W.; Morehead, H.T.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

417

Pressurized circulating fluidized-bed combustion for power generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Second-generation Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion (PCFBC) is the culmination of years of effort in the development of a new generation of power plants which can operate on lower-quality fuels with substantially improved efficiencies, meet environmental requirements, and provide a lower cost of electricity. Air Products was selected in the DOE Clean Coal Technology Round V program to build, own, and operate the first commercial power plant using second-generation PCFBC technology, to be located at an Air Products chemicals manufacturing facility in Calvert City, Kentucky. This paper describes the second-generation PCFBC concept and its critical technology components.

Weimer, R.F.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

NUCLA Circulating Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Demonstration Project. Annual report, 1988  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Annual Report on Colorado-Ute Electric Association`s NUCLA Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) Demonstration Program covers the period from February 1987 through December 1988. The outline for presentation in this report includes a summary of unit operations along with individual sections covering progress in study plan areas that commenced during this reporting period. These include cold-mode shakedown and calibration, plant commercial performance statistics, unit start-up (cold), coal and limestone preparation and handling, ash handling system performance and operating experience, tubular air heater, baghouse operation and performance, materials monitoring, and reliability monitoring. During this reporting period, the coal-mode shakedown and calibration plan was completed. (VC)

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Regional forecasting with global atmospheric models; Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the project was to conduct model simulations for past and future climate change with respect to the proposed Yucca Mtn. repository. The authors report on three main topics, one of which is boundary conditions for paleo-hindcast studies. These conditions are necessary for the conduction of three to four model simulations. The boundary conditions have been prepared for future runs. The second topic is (a) comparing the atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) with observations and other GCMs; and (b) development of a better precipitation data base for the Yucca Mtn. region for comparisons with models. These tasks have been completed. The third topic is preliminary assessments of future climate change. Energy balance model (EBM) simulations suggest that the greenhouse effect will likely dominate climate change at Yucca Mtn. for the next 10,000 years. The EBM study should improve rational choice of GCM CO{sub 2} scenarios for future climate change.

Crowley, T.J.; Smith, N.R. [Applied Research Corp., College Station, TX (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fundamental demonstration of natural circulation feasibility for an HLMC reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concepts are being developed and evaluated at Argonne National Laboratory for a smaller nuclear steam supply system with proliferation-resistant features targeted for export to developing countries. Specific features of interest here include low reactor power [300 MW(thermal)]; utilization of inert heavy-liquid-metal coolant (HLMC), namely, lead-bismuth eutectic (T{sub mp} = 125 C), eliminating concerns over metal-water reactions; 15-yr core lifetime, enabling access to fissile materials to be restricted by design; and reliance on purely natural-circulation coolant heat transport, eliminating primary system coolant pumps. Evaluation of this concept is being carried out in stages. The stage 1 investigations to which the results presented in this paper belong are directed at establishing the basic feasibility of the concept through the application of first-principles analyses. This approach is warranted while detailed aspects of the core design are yet to be determined. The objective of the present work is to demonstrate at a fundamental level the feasibility of utilizing natural-circulation coolant heat transport with the HLMC.

Sienicki, J.J.; Spencer, B.W.; Farmer, M.T.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Feedbacks in a simple prognostic tropical climate model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple four-cell model of the tropical atmosphere in equilibrium with its boundaries is introduced, which can support a variable diabatic circulation and prognostic temperature and humidity profiles. The model is used to predict atmospheric perturbations away from the observed base state. Prognostic variables include radiation, surface fluxes, and dynamic transports, with temperature and water vapor levels determined by conservation constraints. The model includes a specially developed water vapor scheme that performs favorably compared with observations. The model is used to simulate the local and nonlocal sensitivity of the tropical maritime atmosphere to changes in surface temperature and other boundary conditions at very large horizontal scales. The main findings are as follows: (i) The sensitivity of boundary layer convergence to sea surface temperature (SST) variations depends on the behavior of convective heating over cooler regions and may be overestimated by heuristic models that ignore or oversimplify thermodynamic and radiative constraints; (ii) The maintenance of humidity equilibrium over weakly convective areas is modulated by local radiative feedback; (iii) Evaporation feedbacks on SST may be overestimated by heuristic arguments that do not carefully treat atmospheric water transport. An explanation for the constant-relative humidity behavior of general circulation models under climate changes is also offered based on the results.

Sherwood, S.C. (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA (United States))

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

E-Print Network 3.0 - assisted circulation Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of symmetric instability formed by the Delta... -M adjustment process. The numerical simulation shows the coexistence of two pairs of slantwise circulations Source: Reading,...

423

Distribution of bed material in a Horizontal Circulating Fluidised Bed boiler.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A conventional circulating fluidised bed (CFB) boiler has a limitation due to the height of the furnace, when implemented in smaller industrial facilities. The design… (more)

Ekvall, Thomas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

FLUID FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OF A HEADER FOR A SINGLE-PASS, CIRCULATING...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

of a header for a circulating fuel reactor are presented. Description of test equipment and graphical and tabular representation of results are included. (auth) ...

425

FLUID FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OF A HEADER FOR A SINGLE-PASS, CIRCULATING...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

of a header for a circulating fuel reactor are presented. Description of test equipment and graphical and tabular representation of results are included. (auth)...

426

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzing naturally circulating Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science & Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Collection: Engineering ; Physics 4 DECADAL CHANGES IN THE HADLEY CIRCULATION...

427

Long-run Implications of a Forest-based Carbon Sequestration Policy on the United States Economy: A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Modeling Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The economic impacts of a government-funded, forest-based sequestration program were analyzed under two different payment schemes. The impacts were obtained by developing a regional, static CGE model built to accommodate a modified IMPLAN SAM for a...

Monge, Juan

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

428

Wind Turbine Blockset General Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Turbine Blockset in Saber General Overview and Description of the Models Florin Iov, Adrian Turbine Blockset in Saber Abstract. This report presents a new developed Saber Toolbox for wind turbine, optimize and design wind turbines". The report provides a quick overview of the Saber and then explains

429

Options for Cryogenic Load Cooling with Forced Flow Helium Circulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cryogenic pumps designed to circulate super-critical helium are commonly deemed necessary in many super-conducting magnet and other cooling applications. Acknowledging that these pumps are often located at the coldest temperature levels, their use introduces risks associated with the reliability of additional rotating machinery and an additional load on the refrigeration system. However, as it has been successfully demonstrated, this objective can be accomplished without using these pumps by the refrigeration system, resulting in lower system input power and improved reliability to the overall cryogenic system operations. In this paper we examine some trade-offs between using these pumps vs. using the refrigeration system directly with examples of processes that have used these concepts successfully and eliminated using such pumps

Peter Knudsen, Venkatarao Ganni, Roberto Than

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Nucla circulating atmospheric fluidized bed demonstration project. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Colorado-Ute Electric Association began a study to evaluate options for upgrading and extending the life of its Nucla power station in 1982. Located in southwestern Colorado near the town of Nucla, this station was commissioned in 1959 with a local bituminous coal as its design fuel for three identical stoker-fired units, each rated at 12.6 MW(e). Poor station efficiency, high fuel costs, and spiraling boiler maintenance costs forced the Nucla Station into low priority in the CUEA dispatch order as early as 1981. Among the options CUEA considered was to serve as a host utility to demonstrate Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion (AFBC) technology. The anticipated environmental benefits and apparent attractive economics of a circulating AFBC led to Colorado-Ute`s decision to proceed with the design and construction of a demonstration project in 1984 at the Nucla facility.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Computer support to run models of the atmosphere. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research is focused on a better quantification of the variations in CO{sub 2} exchanges between the atmosphere and biosphere and the factors responsible for these exchangers. The principal approach is to infer the variations in the exchanges from variations in the atmospheric CO{sub 2} distribution. The principal tool involves using a global three-dimensional tracer transport model to advect and convect CO{sub 2} in the atmosphere. The tracer model the authors used was developed at the Goddard institute for Space Studies (GISS) and is derived from the GISS atmospheric general circulation model. A special run of the GCM is made to save high-frequency winds and mixing statistics for the tracer model.

Fung, I.

1996-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

432

Comment on ''Interacting holographic dark energy model and generalized second law of thermodynamics in a non-flat universe{sup ,} by M.R. Setare (JCAP 01 (2007) 023)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Author of ref. 1, M.R. Setare (JCAP 01 (2007) 023), by redefining the event horizon measured from the sphere of the horizon as the system's IR cut-off for an interacting holographic dark energy model in a non-flat universe, showed that the generalized second law of thermodynamics is satisfied for the special range of the deceleration parameter. His paper includes an erroneous calculation of the entropy of the cold dark matter. Also there are some missing terms and some misprints in the equations of his paper. Here we present that his conclusion is not true and the generalized second law is violated for the present time independently of the deceleration parameter.

Karami, K., E-mail: kkarami@uok.ac.ir [Department of Physics, University of Kurdistan, Pasdaran St., Sanandaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Determining circulating fluid temperature in drilling, workover, and well-control operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Estimation of fluid temperature in both flow conduits (drillpipe or tubing and the annulus) is required to ascertain the fluid density and viscosity and, in turn, to calculate the pressure drop or the maximum allowable pumping rate for a number of operations. These operations include drilling, workover, and well control. The fluid temperature estimation becomes critical for high-temperature or geothermal reservoirs where significant heat exchange occurs or when fluid properties are temperature sensitive, such as for a non-Newtonian fluid. In this work, the authors present an analytical model for the flowing fluid temperature in the drillpipe/tubing and in the annulus as a function of well depth and circulation time. The model is based on an energy balance between the formation and the fluid in the drillpipe.tubing and annulus. Steady-state heat transfer is assumed in the wellbore while transient heat transfer takes place in the formation. solutions are obtained for two possible scenarios: (1) the fluid flows down the annulus and up the drillpipe/tubing, and (2) the fluid flows down the tubing and up the annulus. The analytic model developed is cast in a set of simple algebraic equations for rapid implementation. The authors also show that the maximum temperature occurs not at the well bottom, but at some distance higher from the bottom for flow up the annulus.

Kabir, C.S. [Chevron Overseas Petroleum Technology Co. (Kuwait); Hasan, A.R.; Ameen, M.M. [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States); Kouba, G.E.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

PECS 2004 MRIDA -MXICO Simulations of the Influence of the West Caribbean Sea Circulation and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PECS 2004 ­ M�RIDA - M�XICO Simulations of the Influence of the West Caribbean Sea Circulation of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. email: bjorn@msci.sc.edu Keywords: Caribbean Sea; Meso by variations of the flow near the reef and the transports between the MBRS and the Caribbean Sea circulation

Ezer,Tal

435

Wind- and Buoyancy-modulated Along-shore Circulation over the Texas-Louisiana Shelf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical experiments are used to study the wind- and buoyancy-modulated along-shore circulation over the Texas-Louisiana continental shelf inshore of 50-m water depth. Most attention is given to circulation in the non-summer flow regime. A major...

Zhang, Zhaoru

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

436

Design of quantum Fourier transforms and quantum algorithms by using circulant Hamiltonians  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a technique for design of quantum Fourier transforms, and ensuing quantum algorithms, in a single interaction step by engineered Hamiltonians of circulant symmetry. The method uses adiabatic evolution and is robust against fluctuations of the interaction parameters as long as the Hamiltonian retains a circulant symmetry.

B. T. Torosov; N. V. Vitanov

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

437

Vertical Heat Transport by Ocean Circulation and the Role of Mechanical and Haline Forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

suggest that heat can be pumped downward by the upper limb of the meridional overturning circulation the earth's climate, with the upper 2.5 m of the ocean able to store as much heat as the entire atmosphereVertical Heat Transport by Ocean Circulation and the Role of Mechanical and Haline Forcing JAN D

England, Matthew

438

1 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean 2 equatorial circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean 2 equatorial circulation 3 A. Sen Gupta,1 A), 29 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean equatorial 30 circulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, LXXXXX, doi:10.1029/ 31 2012GL051447. 32 1. Introduction 33 [2] The equatorial Pacific Ocean

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

439

SEASONAL V A R IA TIONS IN STRUCTURE AND CIRCULATION IN THE RED SEA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEASONAL V A R IA TIONS IN STRUCTURE AND CIRCULATION IN THE RED SEA A DISSERTATION SUBMITTE D and surface circulation in the Red Sea, occur r ing along the north-south axis of the Sea and extending fr om on in the northern Red Sea is frorn the nor th-northwest throughout the year' during the winter ( fr om October

Luther, Douglas S.

440

Evaluation of the effect of progesterone CIDR Devices on circulating levels of progesterone in cyclic ewes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF PROGESTERONE CIDR DEVICES ON CIRCULATING LEVELS... CIDR DEVICES ON CIRCULATING LEVELS OF PROGESTERONE IN CYCLIC EWES A Thesis by MICHAEL CAREY SATTERFIELD Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved...

Satterfield, Michael Carey

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Intermediate-depth Circulation of the Indian and South Pacific Oceans Measured by Autonomous Floats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intermediate-depth Circulation of the Indian and South Pacific Oceans Measured by Autonomous Floats of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment, 306 autonomous floats were deployed in the tropical and South autonomous floats that are not acoustically tracked, but rather surface at regular intervals to be located by

Davis, Russ

442

Monetary circulation, the paradox of profits, and the velocity of money1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monetary circulation, the paradox of profits, and the velocity of money1 Olivier ALLAIN Université of money is higher than one because some monetary units are used in several transactions of goods. Key words: paradox of profits, circulation, endogenous money, velocity of money, stock-flow consistent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

443

Ocean Heat Transport , Overturning Circulations, and some fine-resolution ASOF dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thermal agitation -internal energy of the fluid is typically 10 orders of magnitude greater thanOcean Heat Transport , Overturning Circulations, and some fine-resolution ASOF dynamics P.B. Rhines & S. Häkkinen #12;· Many basic tenets of ocean circulation are being challenged, and they relate

444

Generalized concatenated quantum codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the concept of generalized concatenated quantum codes. This generalized concatenation method provides a systematical way for constructing good quantum codes, both stabilizer codes and nonadditive codes. Using ...

Grassl, Markus

445

The generalized Schrödinger–Langevin equation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, for a Brownian particle interacting with a heat bath, we derive a generalization of the so-called Schrödinger–Langevin or Kostin equation. This generalization is based on a nonlinear interaction model providing a state-dependent dissipation process exhibiting multiplicative noise. Two straightforward applications to the measurement process are then analyzed, continuous and weak measurements in terms of the quantum Bohmian trajectory formalism. Finally, it is also shown that the generalized uncertainty principle, which appears in some approaches to quantum gravity, can be expressed in terms of this generalized equation. -- Highlights: •We generalize the Kostin equation for arbitrary system–bath coupling. •This generalization is developed both in the Schrödinger and Bohmian formalisms. •We write the generalized Kostin equation for two measurement problems. •We reformulate the generalized uncertainty principle in terms of this equation.

Bargueño, Pedro, E-mail: p.bargueno@uniandes.edu.co [Departamento de Física, Universidad de los Andes, Apartado Aéreo 4976, Bogotá, Distrito Capital (Colombia); Miret-Artés, Salvador, E-mail: s.miret@iff.csic.es [Instituto de Física Fundamental, CSIC, Serrano 123, 28006, Madrid (Spain)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

Cielo Computational Environment Usage Model With Mappings to ACE Requirements for the General Availability User Environment Capabilities Release Version 1.1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cielo is a massively parallel supercomputer funded by the DOE/NNSA Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) program, and operated by the Alliance for Computing at Extreme Scale (ACES), a partnership between Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). The primary Cielo compute platform is physically located at Los Alamos National Laboratory. This Cielo Computational Environment Usage Model documents the capabilities and the environment to be provided for the Q1 FY12 Level 2 Cielo Capability Computing (CCC) Platform Production Readiness Milestone. This document describes specific capabilities, tools, and procedures to support both local and remote users. The model is focused on the needs of the ASC user working in the secure computing environments at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory, or Sandia National Laboratories, but also addresses the needs of users working in the unclassified environment. The Cielo Computational Environment Usage Model maps the provided capabilities to the tri-Lab ASC Computing Environment (ACE) Version 8.0 requirements. The ACE requirements reflect the high performance computing requirements for the Production Readiness Milestone user environment capabilities of the ASC community. A description of ACE requirements met, and those requirements that are not met, are included in each section of this document. The Cielo Computing Environment, along with the ACE mappings, has been issued and reviewed throughout the tri-Lab community.

Vigil,Benny Manuel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ballance, Robert [SNL; Haskell, Karen [SNL

2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

447

Modelling the stratospheric polar vortex and its changes for GHGs increase and ozone depletion.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

general circulation model (Manzini et al JGR 1997). Top: 0.01 hPa (80 km) Parameterization of a gravity boundary conditions, specified SSTs and ICE. 20 (or 30)-year simulations. The focus is on the Arctic. #12-HadGISS-HadGISS-HadSST & ICE 3.7 ppbv3.4 ppbv0.8 ppbvOrg. CL m. r. 372 ppmv353 ppmv317 ppmvCO2 m. r. 320 ppbv310 ppbv295 ppbvN2

Greatbatch, Richard

448

Isomorphism testing for circulant graphs Cn(a, b)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 10, 2010 ... Page 1 ... and define a simple combinatorial model, which is new for the topic. Building on such a model, we derive a necessary and sufficient ...

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

449

Potential alteration of fjordal circulation due to a large floating structure—Numerical investigation with application to Hood Canal basin in Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Circulation in typical fjords is characterized by a shallow brackish layer at the surface over a deep long and narrow saltwater column. This surface layer is responsible for the outflow of water from the fjord, is easily disrupted by external forces, such as wind, and is influenced by freshwater inflow. In this paper, we postulate that the stability of fjordal circulation may also be vulnerable to impacts from anthropogenic alterations, such as floating structures, that could constrict the mixing and transport in the upper layers of the water column. The potential for alteration of circulation in Hood Canal, a silled-fjord located inside Puget Sound, Washington, has been examined. Using classical analytical treatments along the lines formulated by Hansen and Rattray [1965], Rattray [1967], Dyer [1973] and more recently, MacCready [2004], we develop a solution applicable to a range of estuary classifications varying from a partially mixed estuary regime to classical fjord conditions. Both estuary types exist in the Puget Sound system, and we compare our analytical solution with observed data. The analysis is based on an exponential variation of eddy viscosity with depth, and it has been extended further with modifications of the free surface boundary conditions to develop a solution representing the presence of a floating bridge at the estuary/fjord entrance. The model results show that tidally averaged mean circulation under the influence of such a constraint could reduce by as much as 30 to 50 percent. The overall water quality of fjords and narrow estuaries is dependent on net circulation and flushing. A potential decrease in residual flow or a corresponding increase in residence time of this magnitude merits further study.

Khangaonkar, Tarang; Wang, Taiping

2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

450

Design of Complex Systems to Achieve Passive Safety: Natural Circulation Cooling of Liquid Salt Pebble Bed Reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geothermal reservoir. Greif provides a review of the use of applications of natural circulation to the cooling

Scarlat, Raluca Olga

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Circulating fluidized-bed boiler makes inroads for waste recycling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Circulating fluidized-bed (CFB) boilers have ben used for years in Scandinavia to burn refuse-derived fuel (RDF). Now, Foster Wheeler Power Systems, Inc., (Clinton, N.J.) is bringing the technology to the US. Touted as the world`s largest waste-to-energy plant to use CFB technology, the Robbins (III.) Resource Recovery Facility will have the capacity to process 1,600 tons/d of municipal solid waste (MSW) when it begins operation in early 1997. The facility will have two materials-separation and RDF-processing trains, each with dual trommel screens, magnetic and eddy current separators, and shredders. About 25% of the incoming MSW will be sorted and removed for recycling, while 75% of it will be turned into fuel, with a heat value of roughly 6,170 btu/lb. Once burned in the twin CFB boilers the resulting steam will be routed through a single turbine generator to produce 50,000 mW of electric power.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

General Restaurant Equipment: Order (2013-CE-5344)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered General Restaurant Equipment Co. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding General Restaurant Equipment had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

453

Generalized discoid lupus erythematosus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was diagnostic of discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE).A minority of patients with DLE progress to develop systemicalthough generalized DLE is more frequently associated with

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Polarized 3He Gas Circulating Technologies for Neutron Analyzers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the development of an integrated system for quasi-continuous operation of a large volume neutron analyzer. The system consists of a non-magnetic diaphragm compressor, a prototype large volume helium polarizer, a surrogate neutron analyzer, a non-depolarizing gas storage reservoir, a non-ferrous valve manifold for handling gas distribution, a custom rubidium-vapor gas return purifier, and wire-wound transfer lines, all of which are immersed in a two-meter external magnetic field. Over the Phase II period we focused on three major tasks required for the successful deployment of these types of systems: 1) design and implementation of gas handling hardware, 2) automation for long-term operation, and 3) improvements in polarizer performance, specifically fabrication of aluminosilicate optical pumping cells. In this report we describe the design, implementation, and testing of the gas handling hardware. We describe improved polarizer performance resulting from improved cell materials and fabrication methods. These improvements yielded valved 8.5 liter cells with relaxation times greater than 12 hours. Pumping this cell with 1500W laser power with 1.25nm linewidth yielded peak polarizations of 60%, measured both inside and outside the polarizer. Fully narrowing this laser to 0.25nm, demonstrated separately on one stack of the four, would have allowed 70% polarization with this cell. We demonstrated the removal of 5 liters of polarized helium from the polarizer with no measured loss of polarization. We circulated the gas through a titanium-clad compressor with polarization loss below 3% per pass. We also prepared for the next phase of development by refining the design of the polarizer so that it can be engineer-certified for pressurized operation. The performance of our system far exceeds comparable efforts elsewhere.

Watt, David; Hersman, Bill

2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

455

Slip stream apparatus and method for treating water in a circulating water system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus is described for treating water in a circulating water system that has a cooling water basin which includes a slip stream conduit in flow communication with the circulating water system, a source of acid solution in flow communication with the slip stream conduit, and a decarbonator in flow communication with the slip stream conduit and the cooling water basin. In use, a slip stream of circulating water is drawn from the circulating water system into the slip stream conduit of the apparatus. The slip stream pH is lowered by contact with an acid solution provided from the source thereof. The slip stream is then passed through a decarbonator to form a treated slip stream, and the treated slip stream is returned to the cooling water basin. 4 figs.

Cleveland, J.R.

1997-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

456

Intermediate-depth circulation of the Indian and South Pacific Oceans measured by autonomous floats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

circulation of the Pacific Ocean: Flow patterns, tracers,runs in the Indian and Pacific Oceans using the EstimatingIndian and (right) Pacific Oceans from the JPL–ECCO data-

Davis, Russ E

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Dis/locating audience : transnational media flows and the online circulation of East Asian television drama  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is commonly accepted that media and communication technologies play pivotal roles in the complex processes of what is broadly termed "globalization." The increasing speed, volume, and scale of transnational circulation ...

Li, Xiaochang, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Mixing energy analysis of Bingham plastic fluids for severe lost circulation prevention using similitude  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the demand for oil and gas resources increases, the need to venture into more hostile environments becomes a dynamic focus in the petroleum industry. One problem associated with certain high risk formations is lost circulation. As a result...

Massingill, Robert Derryl, Jr.

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

459

Effect of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Changes on Tropical Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) changes on tropical coupled ocean-atmosphere system via oceanic and atmospheric processes. A suite of numerical simulations have been...

Wan, Xiuquan

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

460

Stability analysis of natural circulation in BWRs at high pressure conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At rated conditions, a natural circulation boiling water reactor (NCBWR) depends completely on buoyancy to remove heat from the reactor core. This raises the issue of potential unstable flow. oscillations. The objective ...

Hu, Rui, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Ocean circulation and properties in Petermann Fjord, Greenland H. L. Johnson,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean circulation and properties in Petermann Fjord, Greenland H. L. Johnson,1 A. Münchow,2 K. K of oceanic heat entering the fjord. Citation: Johnson, H. L., A. Münchow, K. K. Falkner, and H. Melling (2011

Johnson, Helen

462

NESTED HIGH RESOLUTION SIMULATION AND LIDAR VALIDATION OF A LAND BREEZE CIRCULATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NESTED HIGH RESOLUTION SIMULATION AND LIDAR VALIDATION OF A LAND BREEZE CIRCULATION by GIJS DE BOER local forcing. A wide range of scales is simulated using the nesting capability of the University

Eloranta, Edwin W.

463

The Full Water Disposal Ways and Study on Central Air-conditioning Circulation Cooling Water System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with automatic inspection, control the condense times and installing toroidal swirl type filtering water purifier. We have solved the water quality fundamentally of the circulation cooling water. This way will make the chem..with medicine more reliable...

Zhang, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Integrated immunoisolation and protein analysis of circulating exosomes using microfluidic technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

new microfluidic approach to streamline and expedite the exosome analysis pipeline by integrating specific immunoisolation and targeted protein analysis of circulating exosomes. Compared to the conventional methods, our approach enables selective...

He, Mei; Crow, Jennifer; Roth, Marc; Zeng, Yong; Godwin, Andrew K.

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

465

The role of the geothermal heat flux in driving the abyssal ocean circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The results presented in this paper demonstrate that the geothermal heat flux (GHF) from the solid Earth into the ocean plays a non-negligible role in determining both abyssal stratification and circulation strength. Based ...

Mashayek, A.

466

Bed-inventory Overturn Mechanism for Pant-leg Circulating Fluidized Bed Boilers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A numerical model was established to investigate the lateral mass transfer as well as the mechanism of bed-inventory overturn inside a pant-leg circulating fluidized bed (CFB), which are of great importance to maintain safe and efficient operation of the CFB. Results show that the special flow structure in which the solid particle volume fraction along the central line of the pant-leg CFB is relative high enlarges the lateral mass transfer rate and make it more possible for bed inventory overturn. Although the lateral pressure difference generated from lateral mass transfer inhibits continuing lateral mass transfer, providing the pant-leg CFB with self-balancing ability to some extent, the primary flow rate change due to the outlet pressure change often disable the self-balancing ability by continually enhancing the flow rate difference. As the flow rate of the primary air fan is more sensitive to its outlet pressure, it is easier to lead to bed inventory overturn. While when the solid particle is easier to c...

Wang, Zhe; Yang, Zhiwei; West, Logan; Li, Zheng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Experimental study of the hydrodynamics and cluster formation in a Circulating Fluidized Bed. Annual report, 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel non-invasive gas-solid flow measuring technique being developed and tested for studying the hydrodynamics inside the riser of a Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB). First of the two aims of the overall program, namely, design, development and testing of the technique to characterize the particle and gas velocities in two-phase flows was accomplished in the past year. The ``fringe-model`` laser Doppler anemometry concept has been modified and extended by using particles coated with a fluorescent dye and introducing a narrow band pass filter in the receiving optics. The technique permits optical discrimination between the scattered light (laser wavelength from undyed particles) and the fluorescence emission (longer wavelength). Results from extensive testing of various dye-solvent combinations, counter processor settings, signal-to noise optimization and subsequent flow measurements in the test section have shown that the technique can effectively discriminate between two classes of particles--the smaller seed particles for the gas phase data and the larger bed particles. Use of a two-watt Argon-Ion laser assisted in the non-intrusive probing of the gas-solid flow and in enhancing the signal-to-noise ratio. An uncertainty analysis of LDA measurements is presented. Design of the cold flow CFB model, presently under fabrication, is outlined in this report. The Plexiglas CFB model will be employed for the riser core-annular flow studies using the fluorescence-emission based laser-Doppler anemometry. The results from this study will present a unique detailed description of the complex gas-solid behavior in the CFB riser.

Gautam, M.; Johnson, E.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Experimental study of the hydrodynamics and cluster formation in a Circulating Fluidized Bed  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel non-invasive gas-solid flow measuring technique being developed and tested for studying the hydrodynamics inside the riser of a Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB). First of the two aims of the overall program, namely, design, development and testing of the technique to characterize the particle and gas velocities in two-phase flows was accomplished in the past year. The fringe-model'' laser Doppler anemometry concept has been modified and extended by using particles coated with a fluorescent dye and introducing a narrow band pass filter in the receiving optics. The technique permits optical discrimination between the scattered light (laser wavelength from undyed particles) and the fluorescence emission (longer wavelength). Results from extensive testing of various dye-solvent combinations, counter processor settings, signal-to noise optimization and subsequent flow measurements in the test section have shown that the technique can effectively discriminate between two classes of particles--the smaller seed particles for the gas phase data and the larger bed particles. Use of a two-watt Argon-Ion laser assisted in the non-intrusive probing of the gas-solid flow and in enhancing the signal-to-noise ratio. An uncertainty analysis of LDA measurements is presented. Design of the cold flow CFB model, presently under fabrication, is outlined in this report. The Plexiglas CFB model will be employed for the riser core-annular flow studies using the fluorescence-emission based laser-Doppler anemometry. The results from this study will present a unique detailed description of the complex gas-solid behavior in the CFB riser.

Gautam, M.; Johnson, E.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Evaluation of equipment and methods to map lost circulation zones in geothermal wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study and evaluation of methods to locate, characterize, and quantify lost circulation zones are described. Twenty-five methods of mapping and quantifying lost circulation zones were evaluated, including electrical, acoustical, mechanical, radioactive, and optical systems. Each tool studied is described. The structured, numerical evaluation plan, used as the basis for comparing the 25 tools, and the resulting ranking among the tools is presented.

McDonald, W.J.; Leon, P.A.; Pittard, G.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

A numerical study of the baroclinic circulation in the Gulf of Maine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A NUMERICAL STUDY OF THE BAROCLINIC CIRCULATION IN THE GULF OF MAINE A Thesis JOSEPH CLAYTON BOGUSKY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... AUGUST 1985 Major Subject: Oceanography A NUMERICAL STUDY OF THE BAROCLINIC CIRCULATION IN THE GULF OF MAINE A Thesis by JOSEPH CLAYTON BOGUSXY Approved as to style and content by: David A. Brooks (Chairman) David C. Smith IV (Member) John M...

Bogusky, Joseph Clayton

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

A PC simulation of heat transfer and temperature distribution in a circulating wellbore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A PC SIMULATION OF HEAT TRANSFER AND TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION IN A CIRCULATING WELLBORE A Thesis by ROBERT DUANE PIERCE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering A PC SIMULATION OF HEAT TRANSFER AND TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION IN A CIRCULATING WELLBORE A Thesis by ROBERT DUANE PIERCE Approved as to style and content by; Hans C . Juvkam...

Pierce, Robert Duane

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

A numerical study of seasonal circulation in the Gulf of Cariaco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A NUMERICAL STUDY OF SEASONAL CIRCULATION ZN THE GULF OF CARIACO A Thesis ANNICX JEAN LOPEZ-GARCIA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1984 Major Subject: Oceanography A NUMERICAL STUDY OF SEASONAL CIRCULATION IN THE GULF OF CARIACO A Thesis by ANNICK JEAN LOPEZ-GARCIA approved as to style and content by: JOHN M. KLINCK (Chairman of Committee) ANDREW C. VA ANO (Member...

Lopez-Garcia, Annick Jean

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Intermediate- to Deep-Water Circulation Changes on Short and Long Time Scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Deborah Thomas Oceanic circulation remains one of the poorly understood elements of the global climate system, despite its importance to planetary heat redistribution and carbon cycling. The nature of deep...INTERMEDIATE- TO DEEP-WATER CIRCULATION CHANGES ON SHORT AND LONG TIME SCALES A Dissertation by DANIEL PATRICK MURPHY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Murphy, Daniel Patrick

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

474

Sensitivity of the Ocean's Meridional Overturning Circulation to Surface Conditions in the Paleogene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SENSITIVITY OF THE OCEAN’S MERIDIONAL OVERTURNING CIRCULATION TO SURFACE CONDITIONS IN THE PALEOGENE A Thesis by BRIAN ANDREW HAINES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... in the Paleogene Copyright 2012 Brian Andrew Haines SENSITIVITY OF THE OCEAN’S MERIDIONAL OVERTURNING CIRCULATION TO SURFACE CONDITIONS IN THE PALEOGENE A Thesis by BRIAN ANDREW HAINES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

Haines, Brian Andrew

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

475

Establishment of an Environmental Control Technology Laboratory with a Circulating Fluidized-Bed Combustion System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is to present the progress made on the project ''Establishment of an Environmental Control Technology Laboratory (ECTL) with a Circulating Fluidized-Bed Combustion (CFBC) System'' during the period April 1, 2006 through June 30, 2006. Substantial progress was made on the development and application of software for the effective operation and safe control of the Circulating Fluidized-Bed (CFB) Combustor, as well as for the display and logging of acquired data and operating parameters.

Wei-Ping Pan; Yan Cao; John Smith

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Self-Similarity in General Relativity \\endtitle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The different kinds of self-similarity in general relativity are discussed, with special emphasis on similarity of the ``first'' kind, corresponding to spacetimes admitting a homothetic vector. We then survey the various classes of self-similar solutions to Einstein's field equations and the different mathematical approaches used in studying them. We focus mainly on spatially homogenous and spherically symmetric self-similar solutions, emphasizing their possible roles as asymptotic states for more general models. Perfect fluid spherically symmetric similarity solutions have recently been completely classified, and we discuss various astrophysical and cosmological applications of such solutions. Finally we consider more general types of self-similar models.

B. J. Carr; A. A. Coley

1998-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

477

Tracer measurements during long-term circulation of the Rosemanowes HDR geothermal system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Circulation experiments have been in operation for over two years in the artificially stimulated hot dry rock (HDR) doublet of the Camborne School of Mines (CSM) research facility in Cornwall, England. During that period tracer tests have been run at intervals using inert and reactive compounds. Initially, the results of the inert tracer investigations showed that the active volume (indicated by modal and median volumes) of the circulating system was dormant. Then, after a period of sustained oscillation, notable increases in active volume were observed which depended on both the subsequent flow rate changes and circulation time. these dynamic changes had almost reached optimum values when a downhole pump was introduced in the production well. The drawdown in the production well caused a reduction of the modal volume, whilst the median volume remained almost the same. Since then, the active volume has remained unchanged and irresponsive to circulation time and flow rate. The results of the reactive tracer tests confirm increasing chemical reaction with increasing circulation time and correlate qualitatively with the opening of newer and hotter pathways within the reservoir. However, repeated production logs throughout the circulation have identified flow paths that have depleted thermally; a discrepancy that can be explained by the geometry of the system and the preferential downward reservoir growth.

Kwakwa, K.A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Construction of Generalized Connections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a construction method for mappings between generalized connections, comprising, e.g., the action of gauge transformations, diffeomorphisms and Weyl transformations. Moreover, criteria for continuity and measure preservation are stated.

Christian Fleischhack

2006-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

479

General relativity and experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The confrontation between Einstein's theory of gravitation and experiment is summarized. Although all current experimental data are compatible with general relativity, the importance of pursuing the quest for possible deviations from Einstein's theory is emphasized.

T. Damour

1994-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

480

Use of Advanced Meteorological Model Output for Coastal Ocean Modeling in Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is a great challenge to specify meteorological forcing in estuarine and coastal circulation modeling using observed data because of the lack of complete datasets. As a result of this limitation, water temperature is often not simulated in estuarine and coastal modeling, with the assumption that density-induced currents are generally dominated by salinity gradients. However, in many situations, temperature gradients could be sufficiently large to influence the baroclinic motion. In this paper, we present an approach to simulate water temperature using outputs from advanced meteorological models. This modeling approach was applied to simulate annual variations of water temperatures of Puget Sound, a fjordal estuary in the Pacific Northwest of USA. Meteorological parameters from North American Region Re-analysis (NARR) model outputs were evaluated with comparisons to observed data at real-time meteorological stations. Model results demonstrated that NARR outputs can be used to drive coastal ocean models for realistic simulations of long-term water-temperature distributions in Puget Sound. Model results indicated that the net flux from NARR can be further improved with the additional information from real-time observations.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Wang, Taiping

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general circulation models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Generalized Fusion Potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, DiFrancesco and Zuber have characterized the RCFTs which have a description in terms of a fusion potential in one variable, and proposed a generalized potential to describe other theories. In this note we give a simple criterion to determine when such a generalized description is possible. We also determine which RCFTs can be described by a fusion potential in more than one variable, finding that in fact all RCFTs can be described in such a way, as conjectured by Gepner.

Ofer Aharony

1993-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

482

Generalized Concatenated Quantum Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce the concept of generalized concatenated quantum codes. This generalized concatenation method provides a systematical way for constructing good quantum codes, both stabilizer codes and nonadditive codes. Using this method, we construct families of new single-error-correcting nonadditive quantum codes, in both binary and nonbinary cases, which not only outperform any stabilizer codes for finite block length, but also asymptotically achieve the quantum Hamming bound for large block length.

Markus Grassl; Peter Shor; Graeme Smith; John Smolin; Bei Zeng

2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

483

Climate Change Impacts for Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment Part 2. Models and Validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As CO{sub 2} and other greenhouse gases accumulate in the atmosphere and contribute to rising global temperatures, it is important to examine how a changing climate may affect natural and managed ecosystems. In this series of papers, we study the impacts of climate change on agriculture, water resources and natural ecosystems in the conterminous United States using a suite of climate change predictions from General Circulation Models (GCMs) as described in Part 1. Here we describe the agriculture model EPIC and the HUMUS water model and validate them with historical crop yields and streamflow data. We compare EPIC simulated grain and forage crop yields with historical crop yields from the US Department of Agriculture and find an acceptable level of agreement for this study. The validation of HUMUS simulated streamflow with estimates of natural streamflow from the US Geological Survey shows that the model is able to reproduce significant relationships and capture major trends.

Thomson, Allison M.; Rosenberg, Norman J.; Izaurralde, R Cesar C.; Brown, Robert A.

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

A Generalized Pyrolysis Model for Combustible Solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

processes of wood and biomass pyrolysis,” to appear ineffect during biomass pyrolysis,” Industrial & Engineeringprocesses during pyrolysis of a large biomass particle,”

Lautenberger, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

A Generalized Pyrolysis Model for Combustible Solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oxygen concentration on gasification rates of PMMA 20effects on the endothermic gasification and piloted ignitiondescribing the steady–state gasification of bubble– forming

Lautenberger, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Prediction Intervals in Generalized Linear Mixed Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3.1. BLP Based Prediction Intervals………………………………………..……3.2. BP Based Prediction Intervals………………..………………………..……4.1.1. BLP Based Prediction Interval………………………………………. 4.1.2.

Yang, Cheng-Hsueh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Generalized Swanson models and their solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze a class of non-Hermitian quadratic Hamiltonians, which are of the form $ H = {\\cal{A}}^{\\dagger} {\\cal{A}} + \\alpha {\\cal{A}} ^2 + \\beta {\\cal{A}}^{\\dagger 2} $, where $ \\alpha, \\beta $ are real constants, with $ \\alpha \

A. Sinha; P. Roy

2007-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

488

Continuum states in generalized Swanson models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A one-to-one correspondence is known to exist between the spectra of the discrete states of the non Hermitian Swanson-type Hamiltonian $ H = {\\cal{A}}^{\\dagger} {\\cal{A}} + \\alpha {\\cal{A}} ^2 + \\beta {\\cal{A}}^{\\dagger 2} $, ($\\alpha \

A. Sinha; P. Roy

2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

489

A generalized simulation model for corporate planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Head of the Department of Industrial Engineering, at Texas ASM University, a" quoted by Hilton (24): "It /corporate pianning7 should serve as the roadmap of tomorrow. We see it as an azzalysis of all the activities that influ- ence ozr business...

Viswanathan, Krishnan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

490

Modeling International Relationships in Applied General Equilibrium  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte GmbHMilo, Maine:Energy Information23.Energy Demand

491

Transport by meridional circulations in solar-type stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transport by meridional flows has significant consequences for stellar evolution, but is difficult to capture in global-scale numerical simulations because of the wide range of timescales involved. Stellar evolution models therefore usually adopt parameterizations for such transport based on idealized laminar or mean-field models. Unfortunately, recent attempts to model this transport in global simulations have produced results that are not consistent with any of these idealized models. In an effort to explain the discrepancies between global simulations and idealized models, we here use three-dimensional local Cartesian simulations of compressible convection to study the efficiency of transport by meridional flows below a convection zone in several parameter regimes of relevance to the Sun and solar-type stars. In these local simulations we are able to establish the correct ordering of dynamical timescales, although the separation of the timescales remains unrealistic. We find that, even though the generatio...

Wood, Toby S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

The thermodynamics of general anesthesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is known that the action of general anesthetics is proportional to their partition coefficient in lipid membranes (Meyer-Overton rule). This solubility is, however, directly related to the depression of the temperature of the melting transition found close to body temperature in biomembranes. We propose a thermodynamic extension of the Meyer-Overton rule which is based on free energy changes in the system and thus automatically incorporates the effects of melting point depression. This model provides a quantitative explanation of the pressure reversal of anesthesia. Further, it explains why inflammation and the addition of divalent cations reduce the effectiveness of anesthesia.

Heimburg, T; Heimburg, Thomas; Jackson, Andrew D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Control mechanism for attenuation of thermal energy pulses using cold circulators in the cryogenic distribution system of fusion devices in tokamak configuration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Operation and control of superconducting (SC) magnets in the fusion devices having tokamak configuration opens up the domain of varying peak thermal energy environment as a function of time, commensurate with the plasma pulses. The varied thermal energy environment, thus propagated to upstream of the cooling system, is responsible for the system level instability of the overall cryogenic system. The cryogenic distribution system, the regime of first impact point, therefore, has to be tuned so as to stay at the nearly stable zone of operation. The configuration of the cryogenic distribution system, considered in the present study, involves a liquid helium (LHe) bath as a thermal buffer, LHe submerged heat exchangers and cold circulator apart from the valves for implementations of the precise controls. The cold circulator supplies the forced flow supercritical helium, used for the cooling of SC magnets. The transients of the thermal energy pulses can be attenuated in the cryogenic distribution system by various methodologies. One of the adopted methodologies in the present study is with the precise speed control of the cold circulators. The adopted methodology is applied to various configurations of arrangements of internal components in the distribution system for obtaining system responses with superior attenuation of energy pulses. The process simulation approach, assumptions, considered inputs and constraints, process modeling with different configuration as well as results to accomplish the control scheme for the attenuation of the thermal energy pulses are described.

Bhattacharya, R.; Sarkar, B.; Vaghela, H.; Shah, N. [ITER-India, Institute for Plasma Research, Near Indira Bridge, Bhat, Gandhinagar-382-428 (India)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

494

Gas Kick Mechanistic Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-gain and temperature profile in the annulus. This research focuses on these changes in these parameters to be able to detect the occurrence of gas kick and the circulation of the gas kick out from the well. In this thesis, we have developed a model that incorporates...

Zubairy, Raheel

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

495

Combustion of municipal solid wastes with oil shale in a circulating fluidized bed. Quarterly report, quarter ending 31 December 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The test plan is designed to demonstrate that oil shale co-combusted with municipal solid waste (MSW) can reduce gaseous pollutants (SO{sub 2}, CO) to acceptable levels (90%+ reduction) and produce a cementitious ash which will, at a minimum, be acceptable in normal land fills. The small-scale combustion testing will be accomplished in a 6-in. circulating fluid bed combustor (CFBC) at Hazen Research Laboratories. This work will be patterned after the study the authors conducted in 1988 when coal and oil shale were co-combusted in a program sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute. The specific purpose of the test program will be to: determine the required ratio of oil shale to MSW by determining the ratio of absorbent to pollutant (A/P); determine the effect of temperature and resident time in the reactor; and determine if kinetic model developed for coal/oil shale mixture is applicable.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Wind-driven circulation on a shallow, stratified shelf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A detailed examination of the development of a deep convection event observed in the Greenland Sea in 1988-89 is carried out through a combination of modeling, scale estimates, and data analysis. We develop a prognostic ...

Austin, Jay Alan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Heating of Oil Well by Hot Water Circulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When highly viscous oil is produced at low temperatures, large pressure drops will significantly decrease production rate. One of possible solutions to this problem is heating of oil well by hot water recycling. We construct and analyze a mathematical model of oil-well heating composed of three linear parabolic PDE coupled with one Volterra integral equation. Further on we construct numerical method for the model and present some simulation results.

Mladen Jurak; Zarko Prnic

2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

498

8Be General Tables  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β- DecayBe General Tables The General

499

8C General Tables  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β- DecayBe General Tables The GeneralCC

500

9B General Tables  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β- DecayBe General Tables8 2BB General