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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Predict octane numbers using a generalized interaction method  

SciTech Connect

An interaction-based correlation using a new approach can be used to predict research and motor octane numbers of gasoline blends. An ultimately detailed analysis of the gasoline cut is not necessary. This correlation can describe blending behavior over the entire composition range of gasoline cuts. The component-oriented interaction approach is general and will accurately predict, without performing additional blending studies, blending behavior for new gasoline cuts. The proposed correlation fits the data quite closely for blends of many gasoline cuts. The regression gives realistic values for binary interaction parameters between components. A unique set of binary interaction parameters was found for the equation for predicting octane number of any gasoline blend. The binary interaction parameters between components contained in gasoline cuts have been converted to binary interaction parameters between gasoline cuts through a general equation to simplify the calculations. Because of the proposed method`s accuracy, optimum allocation of components among gasoline grades can be obtained and predicted values can be used for quality control of the octane number of marketed gasolines.

Twu, C.H.; Coon, J.E. [Simulation Sciences, Inc., Brea, CA (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

A Vehicle Manufacturer's Perspective on Higher-Octane Fuels  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of octane rating 4 EPA report 420-R-13-011 "Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through 2013" Technology is evolving rapidly...

3

Pool octanes via oxygenates  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly stringent antipollution regulations placed on automobile exhaust gases with consequent reduction or complete lead ban from motor gasoline result in octane shortage at many manufacturing sites. Attractive solutions to this problem, especially in conjunction with abundant methanol supplies, are the hydration and etherification of olefins contained in light product streams from cracking unit or produced by field gas dehydrogenation. A comparison is made between oxygenates octane-volume pool contributions and established refinery technologies. Process reviews for bulk manufacture of fuel-grade isopropanol (IPA), secondary butanol (SBA), tertiary butanol (TBA), methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) and tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME) are presented together with the characteristic investment and operating data. The implantation of these processes into a typical FCCU refinery complex with the resulting octane-pool improvement possibilities is descried.

Prezelj, M.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

The relation of octane number, compression ratio, and exhaust temperature in the gasoline engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE RELATION OF OCTANE NUMHER& COMPRESSION RATIO& AND EXHAUST TEMPERATURE IN THE GASOLINE ENGINE A Tbeaie Donald George Jentsch THE RELATION OF OCTANE NUMBER, COMHKSSION RATIO, EXHAUST TEMPERATURE IN THE GASOLINE ENGINE By Donald George... throttle settings) a. Table VI - Aviation Gasolines 22 26 b. Table VI (a) ? Automotive Gasolines . . . 33 2. Spark set for maximum power at full throttle (Speed 2000 RPH at various throttle settings) a. Table VII ? Aviation Gasolines . . . . . 34 b...

Jentsch, Donald George

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

5

Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite Structures (VMM) Libby Berger (General Motors), Omar Faruque (Ford) Co-Principal Investigators US Automotive...

6

High Octane Fuels Can Make Better Use of Renewable Transportation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High Octane Fuels Can Make Better Use of Renewable Transportation Fuels High Octane Fuels Can Make Better Use of Renewable Transportation Fuels Breakout Session 1C-Fostering...

7

Use of ethers as high-octane components of gasolines  

SciTech Connect

This article reports on a study of the possible utilization of methyl tert-amyl ether (MTAE) as an automotive gasoline component, both by itself and in combination with methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE). The naphtha used in these studies consisted of 80% reformer naphtha produced under severe conditions and 20% straight-run IBP-62/sup 0/C cut. The physicochemical properties of the MTAE, the MTBE, and the naphtha base stock are given. It is determined that MTAE, which has a slightly poorer knock resistance than MTBE, is fully equal to MTBE in all other respects and can be used as an automotive gasoline component; that a gasoline blend prepared from 89% naphtha base stock, 5.5% MTAE, and 5.5% MTBE meets all of the requirements of the standard GOST 2084-77 for Grade AI-93 gasoline; and that the use of MTAE offers a means for expanding the resources of high-octane components, lowering the toxicity of the gasolines and the exhaust gas (in comparison with organometallic antiknock agents), and bringing non-petroleum raw materials into the fuel production picture.

Gureev, A.A.; Baranova, G.N.; Korotkov, I.V.; Levinson, G.I.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

BiOctane | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Massachusetts Product: Biofuel start-up planning to design and develop a biodiesel and ethanol refinery. References: BiOctane1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

9

YOUNG STARS NEAR EARTH: THE OCTANS-NEAR ASSOCIATION AND CASTOR MOVING GROUP  

SciTech Connect

All cataloged stellar moving groups and associations with ages ?100 Myr and within 100 pc of Earth have Galactic space motions (UVW) situated in a 'good box' with dimensions ?20 km s{sup –1} on a side. Torres et al. defined the Octans Association as a group of 15 stars with age '20 Myr?' and located ?140 pc from Earth, but with average V space velocity –3.6 km s{sup –1} that is well outside of the good box. We present a list of 14 Hipparcos star systems within 100 pc of Earth that we call {sup O}ctans-Near{sup ;} these systems have UVW similar to those of the much more distant Octans Association. The Octans-Near stars have apparent ages between about 30 and 100 Myr and their relationship to the Octans Association stars is unclear. Six additional star systems have UVW similar to those of Octans-Near stars and likely ages ?200 Myr. These six systems include the late-type binary star EQ Peg—6.2 pc from Earth with likely age ?100 Myr and thus likely to be the nearest known pre-main sequence star system. The UVW of stars in a previously proposed ?200 Myr old Castor moving group are not too dissimilar from the UVW of Octans-Near stars. However, stars in the Castor group—if it exists at all—are mostly substantially older than 200 Myr and thus generally can readily be distinguished from the much younger Octans-Near stars.

Zuckerman, B.; Vican, Laura [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Song, Inseok [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-2451 (United States); Schneider, Adam, E-mail: ben@astro.ucla.edu, E-mail: lvican@ucla.edu, E-mail: song@uga.edu, E-mail: Adam.Schneider@Utoledo.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States)

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

10

Quantification of line tracking solutions for automotive applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unlike line tracking in automotive painting applications, line tracking for automotive general assembly applications requires position tracking in order to perform assembly operations to a required assembly tolerance. Line tracking quantification experiments ... Keywords: position tracking performance

Jane Shi; Rick F. Rourke; Dave Groll; Peter W. Tavora

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Quantification of Line Tracking Solutions for Automotive Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unlike the line tracking for automotive paint applications where the speed match between the robot and the vehicle body plays critical role for the paint quality, the line tracking for automotive general assembly...

Jane Shi; Rick F. Rourke; Dave Groll…

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Estimate octane numbers using an enhanced method  

SciTech Connect

An improved model, based on the Twu-Coon method, is not only internally consistent, but also retains the same level of accuracy as the previous model in predicting octanes of gasoline blends. The enhanced model applies the same binary interaction parameters to components in each gasoline cut and their blends. Thus, the enhanced model can blend gasoline cuts in any order, in any combination or from any splitting of gasoline cuts and still yield the identical value of octane number for blending the same number of gasoline cuts. Setting binary interaction parameters to zero for identical gasoline cuts during the blending process is not required. The new model changes the old model`s methodology so that the same binary interaction parameters can be applied between components inside a gasoline cut as are applied to the same components between gasoline cuts. The enhanced model is more consistent in methodology than the original model, but it has equal accuracy for predicting octane numbers of gasoline blends, and it has the same number of binary interaction parameters. The paper discusses background, enhancement of the Twu-Coon interaction model, and three examples: blend of 2 identical gasoline cuts, blend of 3 gasoline cuts, and blend of the same 3 gasoline cuts in a different order.

Twu, C.H.; Coon, J.E. [Simulation Sciences Inc., Brea, CA (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Thermoelectrics Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric Modules Application Thermoelectrics Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules with Scalable Thermo- and Electro-Mechanical Interfaces...

14

Thermoelectrics Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules with Scalable Thermo- and Electro-Mechanical Interfaces Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric...

15

Partial miscibility behavior of the ternary systems methane-propane-n-octane, methane-n-butane-n-octane, and methane-carbon dioxide-n-octane  

SciTech Connect

The phase behavior of three ternary systems (methane-propane-n-octane, methane-n-butane-n-octane, methane-carbon dioxide-n-octane) was studied in their regions of L/sub 1/-L/sub 2/-V immiscibility. Liquid-phase composition and molar volume data for both liquid phases are presented as a function of temperature and pressure in the three-phase region. The boundaries of the three-phase regions, locl of K points (L/sub 1/-L/sub 2/ = V), LCST points (L/sub 1/ = L/sub 2/-V), and Q points (S-L/sub 1/-L/sub 2/-V) are detailed. A detailed study of the immiscibility behavior of the binary system carbon dioxide-n-octane is also presented.

Hottovy, J.D.; Kohn, J.P.; Luks, K.D.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Gasoline marketing: Octane mislabeling in New York City  

SciTech Connect

The problem of octane mislabeling at gasoline stations in New York City has grown - from 46 or fewer citations in 1981 to 171 citations in 1986. No single source of octane mislabeling exists but the city has found both gasoline station operators and fuel distributors to blame. The problem does not seem to be unique to any one type of gasoline station but 57 percent of the 171 citations issued involved gasoline sold under the name of a major refiner; the rest involved unbranded gasoline. Octane cheating can be lucrative in New York City. A station intentionally mislabeling its gasoline could realize amounts many times the city's maximum $500 fine for cheating.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Automotive Fuel Cell Corporation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with AFCC, a private joint venture company in Canada, formed by combining the automotive fuel cell business of Ballard Power Systems with the fuel cell stack development...

18

Automotive Thermoelectric Generators and HVAC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides overview of DOE-supported projects in automotive thermoelectric generators and heaters/air conditioners

19

A Vehicle Manufacturer’s Perspective on Higher-Octane Fuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout Session 1C—Fostering Technology Adoption I: Building the Market for Renewables with High Octane Fuels A Vehicle Manufacturer’s Perspective on Higher-Octane Fuels Tom Leone, Technical Expert, Powertrain Evaluation and Analysis, Ford Motor Company

20

Molecular Simulation of CO2 Solubility and Its Effect on Octane Swelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Molecular Simulation of CO2 Solubility and Its Effect on Octane Swelling ... Carbon dioxide (CO2) flooding is one of the very important industrial processes for enhanced hydrocarbon recovery. ... In this study, CO2 solubility in octane and its effect on octane (n-octane) swelling are investigated by performing configurational-bias Monte Carlo simulations in the osmotic ensemble at two temperatures of 323 and 353 K and a pressure range of 2–10 MPa. ...

Junfang Zhang; Zhejun Pan; Keyu Liu; Nick Burke

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Past experiences with automotive external combustion engines  

SciTech Connect

GMR (General Motors Research Laboratories, now GM R and D Center) has a history of improving the internal combustion engine, especially as it relates to automotive use. During the quarter century from 1950--75, considerable effort was devoted to evaluating alternative powerplants based on thermodynamic cycles different from those on which the established spark-ignition and diesel engines are founded. Two of these, the steam engine and the Stirling engine, incorporated external combustion. Research on those two alternatives is reviewed. Both were judged to fall short of current needs for commercial success as prime movers for conventional automotive vehicles.

Amann, C.A.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Skutterudite Thermoelectric Generator For Automotive Waste Heat...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Skutterudite Thermoelectric Generator For Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Skutterudite Thermoelectric Generator For Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Skutterudite TE modules were...

23

Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules with Scalable Thermo- and Electro-Mechanical Interfaces Thermoelectrics Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules with...

24

Applications of color powder paint in the automotive industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Both color keyed and color specific liquid primers have been used successfully in automotive paint application, reducing the use of costly topcoat materials. Generally, color keyed primer is close in color to the topcoat ...

Barberich, Bevin, 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Review of market for octane enhancers: Final report  

SciTech Connect

Crude oil is easily separated into its principal products by simple distillation. However, neither the amounts nor the quality of these natural products matches demand. Today, octane requirements must be achieved by changing the chemical composition of the straight-run gasoline fraction.

J. E. Sinor Consultants, Inc.

2000-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

26

SRC-I naphtha octane study. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

Octane numbers were measured by the engine method (RON and MON) and were calculated from gas chromatograms for eighteen gasoline samples comprising SRC-I and petroleum-derived raw gasoline, reformates, and selected blends of these materials. Conclusions derived from this work are: (1) Research and Motor Octane Numbers for blends of SRC-I liquids and of SRC-I liquids with petroleum gasoline components closely agree with the values calculated from linear combination of the measured RON and MON of the individual blend components. Although some interactions among the blend components were observed, these are not major and in all cases the 95% confidence interval of all of the individual points fall within the 95% confidence limits of linear blend correlation; (2) On the basis of octane numbers and blending characteristics, SRC-I straight run gasoline and SRC-I reformates are useful as blending components for the motor gasoline pool. In the case of the straight run gasoline, however, other factors such as its high sulfur content will impose a limitation to its direct use in the pool; and (3) Research Octane Numbers calculated from gas chromatograms agree closely with engine RON data for SRC-I gasolines. Accordingly, the GC method may be equally applicable to coal-derived and petroleum gasoline components.

Not Available

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Virtualization in Automotive Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W / PSA / Freescale - 3 Mastering complexity of automotive Electrical and Electronics (E/E) Systems #12Virtualization in Automotive Embedded Systems : an Outlook Nicolas Navet, RTaW Bertrand Delord, PSA;© 2010 RTaW / PSA / Freescale - 2 Outline 1. Automotive E/E Systems: mastering complexity 2. Ecosystems

Navet, Nicolas

28

Progress Report for Advanced Automotive Fuels  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Energy Energy Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, DC 20585-0121 FY 1999 FY 1999 FY 1999 FY 1999 Progress Report for Advanced Automotive Fuels Progress Report for Advanced Automotive Fuels Progress Report for Advanced Automotive Fuels Progress Report for Advanced Automotive Fuels Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Transportation Technologies Office of Transportation Technologies Office of Transportation Technologies Office of Transportation Technologies Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies

29

The Impact of Low Octane Hydrocarbon Blending Streams on "E85...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Blending Streams on "E85" Engine Optimization The Impact of Low Octane Hydrocarbon Blending Streams on "E85" Engine Optimization deer12szybist.pdf More Documents &...

30

Development of Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Development of Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Overview and status of project to develop...

31

Development of Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Development of Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of...

32

Innovative Drivetrains in Electric Automotive Technology Education...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Drivetrains in Electric Automotive Technology Education (IDEATE) Innovative Drivetrains in Electric Automotive Technology Education (IDEATE) 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

33

Magnesium Research in the Automotive Lightweighting Materials...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in the Automotive Lightweighting Materials Program Magnesium Research in the Automotive Lightweighting Materials Program Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

34

HIGH INTEGRITY MAGNESIUM AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS (HIMAC) | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

HIGH INTEGRITY MAGNESIUM AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS (HIMAC) HIGH INTEGRITY MAGNESIUM AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS (HIMAC) 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual...

35

Sandia National Laboratories: Automotive Fuel Cell Cooperation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automotive Fuel Cell Cooperation ECIS-Automotive Fuel Cell Corporation: Hydrocarbon Membrane Fuels the Success of Future Generation Vehicles On February 14, 2013, in CRF, Energy,...

36

Thermoelectrics: The New Green Automotive Technology | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermoelectrics: The New Green Automotive Technology Thermoelectrics: The New Green Automotive Technology 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program...

37

Thermoelectrics: The New Green Automotive Technology | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermoelectrics: The New Green Automotive Technology Thermoelectrics: The New Green Automotive Technology 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program...

38

Automotive Stirling engine: Mod II design report  

SciTech Connect

The design of an automotive Stirling engine that achieves the superior fuel economy potential of the Stirling cycle is described. As the culmination of a 9-yr development program, this engine, designated the Mod II, also nullifies arguments that Stirling engines are heavy, expensive, unreliable, and demonstrate poor performance. Installed in a General Motors 1985 Chevrolet Celebrity car, this engine has a predicted combined fuel economy on unleaded gasoline of 17.5 km/L (41 mi/gal) - a value 50% above the current vehicle fleet average. The Mod II Stirling engine is a four-cylinder V-drive design with a single crankshaft. The engine is also equipped with all the controls and auxiliaries necessary for automotive operation. 35 figs.

Nightingale, N.P.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

High Octane Fuels Can Make Better Use of Renewable Transportation Fuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout Session 1C—Fostering Technology Adoption I: Building the Market for Renewables with High Octane Fuels High Octane Fuels Can Make Better Use of Renewable Transportation Fuels Brian West, Deputy Director, Engines and Emissions Research Center; Oak Ridge National Laboratory

40

The chemical origin of octane sensitivity in gasoline fuels containing nitroalkanes  

SciTech Connect

Experimental octane measurements are presented for a standard gasoline to which has been added various quantities of nitromethane, nitroethane and 1-nitropropane. The addition of nitroalkanes was found to suppress the Motor Octane Number to a much greater extent than the Research Octane Number. In other words addition of nitroalkanes increases the octane sensitivity of gasoline. Density Functional Theory was used to model the equilibrium thermodynamics and the barrier heights for reactions leading to the break-up of nitroethane. These results were used to develop a chemical kinetic scheme for nitroalkanes combined with a surrogate gasoline (for which a mechanism has been developed previously). Finally the chemical kinetic simulations were combined with a quasi-dimensional engine model in order to predict autoignition in octane rating tests. Our results suggest that the chemical origin of octane sensitivity in gasoline/nitroalkane blends cannot be fully explained on the conventional basis of the extent to which NTC behaviour is absent. Instead we have shown that the contribution of the two pathways leading to autoignition in gasoline containing nitroalkanes becomes much more significant under the more severe conditions of the Motor Octane method than the Research Octane method. (author)

Cracknell, R.F.; McAllister, L.J.; Norton, M.; Walmsley, H.L. [Shell Global Solutions, Shell Technology Centre Thornton, P.O. Box 1, Chester CH1 3SH (United Kingdom); Andrae, J.C.G. [Shell Global Solutions, Shell Technology Centre Thornton, P.O. Box 1, Chester CH1 3SH (United Kingdom); Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Automotive EMC Workshop Clemson Vehicular Electronics Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automotive EMC Workshop Clemson Vehicular Electronics Laboratory Reliable Automotive Electronics/O · Adequate Decoupling · Balance Control 2 In 2011, CVEL began to guarantee that the automotive products they reviewed/designed would meet all automotive EMC requirements the first time they were tested. #12;Clemson

Duchowski, Andrew T.

42

NETCARBENCH: A BENCHMARK FOR TECHNIQUES AND TOOLS USED IN THE DESIGN OF AUTOMOTIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NETCARBENCH: A BENCHMARK FOR TECHNIQUES AND TOOLS USED IN THE DESIGN OF AUTOMOTIVE COMMUNICATION and configuration of automotive communication systems. For instance, typical objectives are the minimization General Public License. 1. INTRODUCTION Context. With the extensive use of electronics, in- vehicle

Navet, Nicolas

43

High-Octane Fuel from Refinery Exhaust Gas: Upgrading Refinery Off-Gas to High-Octane Alkylate  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Exelus is developing a method to convert olefins from oil refinery exhaust gas into alkylate, a clean-burning, high-octane component of gasoline. Traditionally, olefins must be separated from exhaust before they can be converted into another source of useful fuel. Exelus’ process uses catalysts that convert the olefin to alkylate without first separating it from the exhaust. The ability to turn up to 50% of exhaust directly into gasoline blends could result in an additional 46 million gallons of gasoline in the U.S. each year.

None

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Vehicle Technologies Office: Graduate Automotive Technology Education  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deployment Deployment Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Vehicle Technologies Office: Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) on AddThis.com...

45

Automotive Stirling summary and overview  

SciTech Connect

Government-funded studies for adapting the Stirling engine to an automotive application started in 1971. The initial studies were to reduce exhaust emissions and were later broadened to include fuel economy and alternate fuels. With the passage of the Automotive Propulsion Research and Development Act of 1978, the studies matured into the current Automotive Stirling Engine (ASE) Program. After eight years of development effort, the accomplishments of the ASE Program are reviewed to assess the outlook for program success at its scheduled completion in September 1987. One important goal of the ASE program is the transfer of Stirling engine technology to the USA. The technology transfer to the ASE Program team members has been accomplished. To expand the transfer in the USA, various activities have been initiated to make available the developed automotive Stirling engine technology to other US industries, including nonautomotive.

Tabata, W.K.; Shaltens, R.K.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Automotive Thermoelectric Generator Design Issues  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Mechanical, electrical, thermal engineering, and durability issues related to use of TEGs in the challenging automotive environment need to be resolved as they affect warranty cost and customer acceptance.

47

Ceramic Automotive Stirling Engine Program  

SciTech Connect

The Ceramic Automotive Stirling Engine Program evaluated the application of advanced ceramic materials to an automotive Stirling engine. The objective of the program was to evaluate the technical feasibility of utilizing advanced ceramics to increase peak engine operating temperature, and to evaluate the performance benefits of such an increase. Manufacturing cost estimates were also developed for various ceramic engine components and compared with conventional metallic engine component costs.

Not Available

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

NSF/DOE Thermoelectics Partnership: Thermoelectrics for Automotive...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermoelectics Partnership: Thermoelectrics for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery NSFDOE Thermoelectics Partnership: Thermoelectrics for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery 2011 DOE...

49

Develop Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Documents & Publications Development of Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Development of Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery...

50

Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining | U.S. DOE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » July 2013 Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining A novel metal-organic framework (MOF) efficiently separates higher octane components from the low value ones, offering great potential for significant cost reduction in gasoline production. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page

51

Viable combined cycle design for automotive applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A relatively new approach for improving fuel economy and automotive engine performance involves the use of automotive combined cycle generation technologies. The combined cycle generation, a process widely used i...

K. -B. Kim; K. -W. Choi; K. -H. Lee

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Table II: Technical Targets for Membranes: Automotive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Technical targets for fuel cell membranes in automotive applications defined by the High Temperature Working Group (February 2003).

53

CFD-based Optimization for Automotive Aerodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1 CFD-based Optimization for Automotive Aerodynamics Laurent Dumas Abstract The car drag- ments. An overview of the main characteristics of automotive aerodynamics and a detailed presentation.dumas@upmc.fr) 1 #12;2 Laurent Dumas 1.1 Introducing Automotive Aerodynamics 1.1.1 A Major Concern for Car

Dumas, Laurent

54

Automotive friction-induced noises A. Elmaiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automotive friction-induced noises A. Elmaiana , J.-M. Duffala , F. Gautiera , C. Pezeratb and J, France 3143 #12;Friction-induced noises are numerous in the automotive field. They also involve a large friction-induced noises with simple structures and automotive materials. Qualitative sensitivity studies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

55

New UOP catalysts plus revamps to meet your octane goals  

SciTech Connect

It appears that the use of lead antiknocks will be completely banned by Congress in the near future. The lead ''phasedown'' threatens to become a lead ''crashdown.'' Light straight run and natural gasoline will require catalytic upgrading, in most refineries, to permit inclusion in the gasoline pool. The UOP Penex process is well-suited to regain much of the octane shortfall through isomerization of C/sub 5//C/sub 6/ normal paraffins in converted units as well as new unit applications. New Penex catalysts, I-8 and I-7, permit state-of-the-art processing capability. For conversions, UOP offers new catalysts capable of yielding, on a once-through basis, an 83-84 RONO Penexate at modest expenditure or, alternatively, a 78-80 RONO product with minimal revamp cost. UOP computer-assisted engineering studies can quickly identify and evaluate the process options available for a given project, so that revamp feasibility can be quickly assessed. This is important in the present climate where regulatory changes must be matched by a timely response from industry. Our studies have consistently shown that there is strong economic justification for addition of Penex isomerization to the refinery flow scheme, whether through new unit design or revamp conversions.

Krueding, A.P.; Johnson, J.A.; Pappas, S.W.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program  

SciTech Connect

The Task I accomplishments of the jointly funded Ford/DOE Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program are detailed. This task was directed at achieving 20.6 MPG (gasoline) fuel economy for a 4500 lb inertia weight Stirling engine-powered passenger car. The results of engine testing and design, power control, fuel economy projections, and component design and development are discussed.

Kitzner, E.W.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

The Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE Education Program  

SciTech Connect

The Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE Education Program conducted education and outreach activities and used the competition's technical goals and vehicle demonstrations as a means of attracting students and the public to learn more about advanced vehicle technologies, energy efficiency, climate change, alternative fuels, and the science and math behind efficient vehicle development. The Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE Education Program comprised three integrated components that were designed to educate the general public and create a multi-tiered initiative to engage students and showcase the 21st century skills students will need to compete in our global economy: teamwork, creativity, strong literacy, math and science skills, and innovative thinking. The elements included an Online Experience, a National Student Contest, and in person education events and activites. The project leveraged online connections, strategic partnerships, in-classroom, and beyond-the-classroom initiatives, as well as mainstream media. This education program supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) also funded the specification of vehicle telemetry and the full development and operation of an interactive online experience that allowed internet users to follow the Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE vehicles as they performed in real-time during the Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE competition events.

Robyn Ready

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

58

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards September 8, 2011 - 11:46am Addthis Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards DOE's Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) initiative will award $6.4 million over the course of five years to support seven Centers of Excellence at American colleges, universities, and university-affiliated research institutions. The awardees will focus on three critical automotive technology areas: hybrid propulsion, energy storage, and lightweight materials. By funding curriculum development and expansion as well as laboratory work, GATE allows higher education institutions to develop multidisciplinary training. As a result, GATE promotes the development of a

59

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards September 8, 2011 - 11:46am Addthis Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards DOE's Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) initiative will award $6.4 million over the course of five years to support seven Centers of Excellence at American colleges, universities, and university-affiliated research institutions. The awardees will focus on three critical automotive technology areas: hybrid propulsion, energy storage, and lightweight materials. By funding curriculum development and expansion as well as laboratory work, GATE allows higher education institutions to develop multidisciplinary training. As a result, GATE promotes the development of a

60

Time and event triggered communication scheduling for automotive applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

automotive electronics applications by a number of European car and heavy truck manufacturers systems within automotive electronics applications by a number of European car and heavy truckTime and event triggered communication scheduling for automotive applications ROGER JOHANSSON

Johansson, Roger

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Automotive Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) Controls | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

(TEG) Fuel Displacement Potential using Engine-in-the-Loop and Simulation Automotive Thermoelectric Generator Design Issues Benefits of Thermoelectric Technology for the Automobile...

62

Automotive Waste Heat Conversion to Power Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

or otherwise restricted information Project ID ace47lagrandeur Automotive Waste Heat Conversion to Power Program- 2009 Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program...

63

Automotive Waste Heat Conversion to Power Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Start Date: Oct '04 Program End date: Oct '10 Percent Complete: 80% 2 Automotive Waste Heat Conversion to Power Program- Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review- June...

64

AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY ANALYSIS Submitted by Team A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, increased environmental regulation, increased energy constraints, and increased operational efficiency for many years. Hyundai, Maruti Udyog, and Shanghai Automotive Industry Corp., based in Korea, India

65

W.E.T. Automotive Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Automotive Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name: W.E.T. Automotive Systems Place: Odelzhausen, Germany Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes...

66

Automotive Fuels - The Challenge for Sustainable Mobility | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Automotive Fuels - The Challenge for Sustainable Mobility Automotive Fuels - The Challenge for Sustainable Mobility Overview of challenges and future fuel options...

67

Michigan: Universities Train Next Generation of Automotive Engineers...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Michigan: Universities Train Next Generation of Automotive Engineers Michigan: Universities Train Next Generation of Automotive Engineers November 6, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis...

68

A NMOS Linear Voltage Regulator for Automotive Applications:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The electronization of automobiles is considered to be a revolution in automotive technology development progress. One trend for automotive electronics design is pursuing higher level… (more)

Li, Y.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Development of a Thermoelectric Device for an Automotive Zonal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

a Thermoelectric Device for an Automotive Zonal HVAC System Development of a Thermoelectric Device for an Automotive Zonal HVAC System Presents development of a thermoelectric...

70

Vehicle Technologies Office: Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE established the Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Centers of Excellence to provide future generations of engineers and scientists with knowledge and skills in advanced automotive...

71

Engaging the Next Generation of Automotive Engineers through...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Engaging the Next Generation of Automotive Engineers through Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition Engaging the Next Generation of Automotive Engineers through Advanced Vehicle...

72

Oxidation of automotive primary reference fuels at elevated pressures  

SciTech Connect

Automotive engine knock limits the maximum operating compression ratio and ultimate thermodynamic efficiency of spark-ignition (SI) engines. In compression-ignition (CI) or diesel cycle engines, the premixed burn phase, which occurs shortly after injection, determines the time it takes for autoignition to occur. In order to improve engine efficiency and to recommend more efficient, cleaner-burning alternative fuels, they must understand the chemical kinetic processes that lead to autoignition in both SI and CI engines. These engines burn large molecular-weight blended fuels, a class to which the primary reference fuels (PRF) n-heptane and iso-octane belong. In this study, experiments were performed under engine like conditions in a high-pressure flow reactor using both the pure PRF fuels and their mixtures in the temperature range 550-880 K and 12.5 atm pressure. These experiments not only provide information on the reactivity of each fuel but also identify the major intermediate products formed during the oxidation process. A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism is used to simulate these experiments, and comparisons of experimentally measured and model predicted profiles for O{sub 2}, CO, CO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O and temperature rise are presented. Intermediates identified in the flow reactor are compared with those present in the computations, and the kinetic pathways leading to their formation are discussed. In addition, autoignition delay times measured in a shock tube over the temperature range 690-1220 K and at 40 atm pressure were simulated. Good agreement between experiment and simulation was obtained for both the pure fuels and their mixtures. Finally, quantitative values of major intermediates measured in the exhaust gas of a cooperative fuels research engine operating under motored engine conditions are presented together with those predicted by the detailed model.

Callahan, C V; Curran, H J; Dryer, F L; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Topology of cyclo-octane energy landscape Shawn Martin,1,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. While this is a very mild assumption, we have discovered an example of an energy landscape whichTopology of cyclo-octane energy landscape Shawn Martin,1,a Aidan Thompson,2 Evangelos A. Coutsias,3 2010 Understanding energy landscapes is a major challenge in chemistry and biology. Although a wide

Coutsias, Evangelos

74

Electrohydraulic Forming of Near Net Shape Automotive Panels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Development of Advancing Automotive Panel Manufacturing for Increased Energy and Material Savings

75

Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2003 Progress Report for Automotive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Progress Report 3 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2003 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2003 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2003 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2003 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2003 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2003 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on AddThis.com...

76

Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2006 Progress Report for Automotive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Progress Report 6 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2006 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2006 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2006 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2006 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2006 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2006 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on AddThis.com...

77

Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2005 Progress Report for Automotive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Progress Report 5 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2005 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2005 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2005 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2005 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2005 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2005 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials on AddThis.com...

78

Automotive Component Measurements forAutomotive Component Measurements for Determining VehicleDetermining Vehicle--Level RadiatedLevel Radiated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Automotive Component Measurements forAutomotive Component Measurements for Determining VehicleDetermining Vehicle--Level RadiatedLevel Radiated Automotive Component Measurements forAutomotive ComponentEmissionsEmissionsEmissions Todd Hubing Mi h li P f f V hi l El t iMichelin Professor of Vehicular Electronics Clemson University

Stuart, Steven J.

79

Autonomie Automotive Simulation Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Autonomie Automotive Simulation Tool Autonomie Automotive Simulation Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Autonomie Automotive Simulation Tool Agency/Company /Organization: Argonne National Laboratory Focus Area: Economic Development, Vehicles Phase: Create a Vision Topics: Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.transportation.anl.gov/modeling_simulation/PSAT/autonomie.html OpenEI Keyword(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Tools Language: English References: Autonomie[1] Rapidly evaluate new powertrain and propulsion technologies for improving fuel economy through virtual design and analysis in a math-based simulation environment. Argonne has developed a new tool, called Autonomie, to accelerate the

80

Computer-Aided PHA, FTA and FMEA for Automotive Embedded Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The shift of the automotive industry towards powertrain electrification introduces new automotive sensors, actuators and functions that lead to an increasing complexity of automotive embedded systems. The safety-...

Roland Mader; Eric Armengaud; Andrea Leitner…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Production of high-octane automobile gasolines by the catalytic reforming of straight-run gasoline fractions from mangyshlak crude  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-octane components for AI-93 and AI-98 automobile gasolines can be obtained in 86 and 82% ... 140, 140–180, and 85–180°C gasoline fractions from Mangyshlak crude.

V. A. Kuprianov; A. A. Timofeev; V. E. Gavrun…

1971-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive electrics automotive Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is the second most energy consuming system after the electric motor. Further, HVAC... air conditioning systems used in the automotive industry are based on vapour-compression...

83

Process for producing gasoline of high octane number, in particular lead-free gasoline  

SciTech Connect

A process is described for producing gasoline of high octane number from C/sub 3/ and C/sub 4/ olefinic cuts, such as those obtained by fractional distillation of a C/sub 3/ / C/sub 4/ catalytic cracking cut. It includes the steps of: (A) oligomerizing propylene of the C/sub 3/ cut to obtain a first gasoline fraction, (B) reacting the isobutene of the C/sub 4/ cut with methanol to produce methyl tert.-butyl ether which is separated from the unreacted C/sub 4/ hydrocarbons to form a second gasoline fraction, (C) alkylating said unreacted C/sub 4/ hydrocarbons with isobutane in the presence of an alkylation catalyst such as hydrofluoric acid, to form a third gasoline fraction, and (D) admixing, at least partially, said first, second and third gasoline fractions, so as to obtain gasoline of high octane number.

Chauvin, Y.; Gaillard, J.; Hellin, M.; Torck, B.; Vu, Q.D.

1981-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

84

The Research and Motor octane numbers of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an experimental study of the Research (RON) and Motor (MON) octane numbers of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). A comprehensive set of RON and MON data for mixtures of propane, propylene (propene), n-butane and iso-butane are presented, using a method that is consistent with the currently active ASTM Research and Motor test methods for liquid fuels. Empirical models which relate LPG composition to its RON and MON are then developed, such that the simplest relationships between the constituent species’ mole fractions and the mixture octane rating are achieved. This is used to determine the degree of non-linearity between the composition and the RON and MON of different LPG mixtures. Finally, implications for LPG fuel quality standards are discussed briefly, as part of a suggested, more substantial undertaking by the community which also revisits the standard test procedures for measuring the RON and MON of LPG.

Kai J. Morganti; Tien Mun Foong; Michael J. Brear; Gabriel da Silva; Yi Yang; Frederick L. Dryer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Market Acceptance of Advanced Automotive Technologies Model ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Automotive Technologies Model (MA3T) Consumer Choice Model AgencyCompany Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory OpenEI Keyword(s): EERE tool, Market Acceptance of Advanced...

86

Structural Automotive Components from Composite Materials | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. lm08kia.pdf More Documents & Publications Structural Automotive Components from Composite...

87

Detection of arcs in automotive electrical systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the present time, there is no established method for the detection of DC electric arcing. This is a concern for forthcoming advanced automotive electrical systems which consist of higher DC electric power bus voltages, ...

Mishrikey, Matthew David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Strategic frameworks in automotive systems architecting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

More often than not, large-scale engineering concepts such as those used by creative automotive manufacturing companies require the incorporation of significant capital outlays and resources for the purposes of implementation ...

Tampi, Mahesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Oscar Automotive Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oscar Automotive Ltd Oscar Automotive Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Oscar Automotive Ltd Place London, Greater London, United Kingdom Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product OSCar Automotive is working towards the commercialisation of hydrogen fuel cells in the transport sector. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

90

Three Stages Modeling of n-Octane Reforming Assisted by a Nonthermal Arc Discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three Stages Modeling of n-Octane Reforming Assisted by a Nonthermal Arc Discharge ... After a description of the model and its main assumptions, a parametric analysis of plasma reformer performance addressing the influence of plasma volume, H2O/C ratio, O/C ratio, and input electric power is presented. ... Most of them were particularly dealt with technologies based on arc discharges. ...

José Gonzalez-Aguilar; Guillaume Petitpas; Alexandre Lebouvier; Jean-Damien Rollier; Adeline Darmon; Laurent Fulcheri

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

91

Contactless magnetic brake for automotive applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTACTLESS MAGNETIC BRAKE FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by SEBASTIEN EMMANUEL GAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY May 2005 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CONTACTLESS MAGNETIC BRAKE FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by SEBASTIEN EMMANUEL GAY Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Gay, Sebastien Emmanuel

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

CRC fuel rating program: road octane performance of oxygenates in 1982 model cars  

SciTech Connect

Because of the widespread interest in the use of alcohols and ethers as gasoline blending components, this program was conducted to evaluate the effects of several oxygenates on gasoline octane performance and to evaluate the effects of car design features such as engine and transmission type. Five oxygenates were evaluated at two nominal concentrations, 5 and 10 volume%, at both regular- and premium-grade octane levels: methanol (MeOH), ethanol (ETOH), isopropanol (IPA), tertiary butanol (TBA), and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE). A blend of 5% MeOH and 5 percent TBA was also tested at both octane levels. Twenty-eight unleaded fuels, including four hydrocarbon fuels, two hydrocarbon fuels plus toluene, and twenty-two oxygenated fuels, were rated in duplicate in thirty-eight cars using the Modified Uniontown Technique (CRC Designation F-28-75 described in Appendix C), plus some additional instructions. All testing was done on chassis dynamometers. Ratings were obtained at full throttle with all thirty-eight cars, and at the most critical part-throttle condition (occurring with manifold vacuum of 4 in. Hg (13.5 kPa) or greater above the full-throttle vacuum) with nine cars.

Not Available

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Biodiesel properties and automotive system compatibility issues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Acceptability of biodiesel by automotive sector is limited due to some of its adverse properties such as cold flow properties, oxidation stability and corrosiveness with automotive fuel system materials. Adverse cold flow properties of biodiesel lead to the problem of plugging and gumming of filters and injectors. There is a concern about the poor oxidation stability of biodiesel, which results in the formation of sediments and gums causing problem in the engine fuel injection system. Biodiesel reacts with automotive fuel system materials adversely resulting in corrosion of metals and degradation of elastomers. Beside these adverse issues, biodiesel possesses incredible inherent lubricity. This article aims to review the adverse biodiesel properties like cold flow properties, oxidation stability; corrosive and acidic nature resulting in non-compatibility with automotive fuel system materials. It also discusses the excellent lubrication behaviour of biodiesel and its positive impact. An effort has been made to present the review of 145 research papers along with the sharing of our some in-house experimental results. Additive treatment with biodiesel has been found to be suitable for improving the low temperature properties and oxidation stability. Certain metallic and elastomeric components have been reported as compatible/non-compatible with biodiesel. Although attempts have already been made by some researchers on the adverse properties of biodiesel but the scope is rather limited to the properties alone than correlating the same with automotive materials compatibility.

Kamalesh A. Sorate; Purnanand V. Bhale

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis (Text Version...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis (Text Version) Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis (Text Version) Below is the text version of the webinar titled...

95

The likelihood of lock-in in the automotive market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis studies the automotive market and the competition between the gasoline-fueled internal combustion engine car and a fuel cell-powered hydrogen car. The automotive market… (more)

Midttřmme, Kristoffer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Life cycle cost modeling of automotive paint systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicle coating is an important component of automotive manufacturing. The paint shop constitutes the plurality of initial investment in an automotive assembly plant, consumes the majority of energy used in the plant's ...

Leitz, Christopher W. (Christopher William), 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

AMD 601 High Integrity -Magnesium Automotive Components (HI-MAC...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AMD 601 High Integrity -Magnesium Automotive Components (HI-MAC) AMD 601 High Integrity -Magnesium Automotive Components (HI-MAC) Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

98

Next Generation Bipolar Plates for Automotive PEM Fuel Cells...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Next Generation Bipolar Plates for Automotive PEM Fuel Cells Next Generation Bipolar Plates for Automotive PEM Fuel Cells Part of a 100 million fuel cell award announced by DOE...

99

Develop Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Skutterudite Thermoelectric Generator For Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Thermoelectric Conversion of Exhaust Gas Waste Heat into Usable...

100

Electrocatalysts for Automotive Fuel Cells: Status and Challenges  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Nilesh Dale for the 2013 DOE Catalyst Working Group Meeting on electrocatalysts for automotive fuel cells.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Table I: Technical Targets for Catalyst Coated Membranes (CCMs): Automotive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Technical targets for fuel cell CCMs in automotive applications defined by the High Temperature Working Group (February 2003).

102

The Challenges for PEMFC Catalysts in Automotive Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Stephen Campbell for the 2013 DOE Catalysis Working Group Meeting on PEMFC catalysts in automotive applications.

103

Fisker Automotive Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fisker Automotive Inc Fisker Automotive Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Fisker Automotive Inc Place Irvine, California Zip 92606 Product Irvine-based hybrid vehicle manufacturer. Coordinates 41.837752°, -79.268594° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.837752,"lon":-79.268594,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

104

Modeling Buffers with Data Refresh Semantics in Automotive Architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

studies from the automotive electronics domain. Categories and Subject Descriptors: C.3 [SpecialModeling Buffers with Data Refresh Semantics in Automotive Architectures Linh T.X. Phan1 Reinhard,lee}@cis.upenn.edu reinhard.schneider@rcs.ei.tum.de samarjit@tum.de ABSTRACT Automotive architectures consist of multiple

Pennsylvania, University of

105

Automatic Parallelization of Hand Written Automotive Engine Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automatic Parallelization of Hand Written Automotive Engine Control Codes Using OSCAR Compiler Dan approach to realize the next- generation automobiles integrated control system. However, automotive-core processors for a long time. This paper proposes to parallelize an automotive engine crankshaft control

Kasahara, Hironori

106

Development of Sensors for Automotive PEM-based Fuel Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organization #12;4 Sensors for Automotive PEM Fuel Cells - Motivation Sensor Performance and Cost ImprovementsDevelopment of Sensors for Automotive PEM-based Fuel Cells DOE Agreement DE-FC04-02AL67616 Brian FC Series 200 - 50 kW PEM #12;2 Development of Sensors for Automotive PEM-based Fuel Cells ­ Program

107

Processing automotive shredder fluff for a blast furnace injection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Processing automotive shredder fluff for a blast furnace injection S. GUIGNOT* , M. GAMET, N. *Corresponding author: s.guignot@brgm.fr, (+33)238643485 Abstract Automotive shredder fluff is a byproduct. Keywords: automotive shredder residues, fluff, iron recovery, process, blast furnace hal-01017129

Boyer, Edmond

108

Status and Trend of Automotive Power Packaging  

SciTech Connect

Comprehensive requirements in aspects of cost, reliability, efficiency, form factor, weight, and volume for power electronics modules in modern electric drive vehicles have driven the development of automotive power packaging technology intensively. Innovation in materials, interconnections, and processing techniques is leading to enormous improvements in power modules. In this paper, the technical development of and trends in power module packaging are evaluated by examining technical details with examples of industrial products. The issues and development directions for future automotive power module packaging are also discussed.

Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Mod I automotive Stirling engine mechanical development  

SciTech Connect

The Mod I Stirling engine was the first automotive Stirling engine designed specifically for automotive application. Testing of these engines has revealed several deficiencies in engine mechanical integrity which have been corrected by redesign or upgrade. The main deficiencies uncovered during the Mod I program lie in the combustion, auxiliary, main seal, and heater head areas. This paper will address each of the major area deficiencies in detail, and describe the corrective actions taken as they apply to the Mod I and the next Stirling-engine design, the Upgraded Mod I (a redesign to incorporate new materials for cost/weight reduction and improved performance).

Simetkosky, M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

SUPPLIERS WITHIN AN ECOLOGICALLY AWARE AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 SUPPLIERS WITHIN AN ECOLOGICALLY AWARE AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR 1 Overview on the theme It is clear, materials recyclers and shredders, as represented in figure 1. Figure 1 - Automobile life cycle and the hulk are sent to shredders. The shredder reduces the hulk to small pieces, with around 10 cm each

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

111

Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program: A success  

SciTech Connect

The original 5 y Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program has been stretched to a 10 y program due to reduced annual funding levels. With an estimated completion date of April 1988, the technical achievements and the prospectives of meeting the original program objectives are reviewed. Various other applications of this developed Stirling engine technology are also discussed.

Tabata, W.K.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #352: December 27, 2004 Automotive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: December 27, 2: December 27, 2004 Automotive Industry Material Usage to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #352: December 27, 2004 Automotive Industry Material Usage on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #352: December 27, 2004 Automotive Industry Material Usage on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #352: December 27, 2004 Automotive Industry Material Usage on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #352: December 27, 2004 Automotive Industry Material Usage on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #352: December 27, 2004 Automotive Industry Material Usage on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #352: December 27, 2004 Automotive Industry Material Usage on AddThis.com...

113

Durability of polymer matrix composites for automotive structural applications: A state-of-the-art review  

SciTech Connect

A key unanswered question that must be addressed before polymeric composites will be widely used in automotive structural components is their known durability. Major durability issues are the effects that cyclic loadings, creep, automotive fluid environments, and low-energy impacts have on dimensional stability, strength, and stiffness throughout the required life of a composite component. This report reviews the current state of understanding in each of these areas. It also discusses the limited information that exists on one of the prime candidate materials for automotive structural applications--an isocyanurate reinforced with a continuous strand, swirl mat. Because of the key role that nondestructive evaluations must play in understanding damage development and progression, a chapter is included on ultrasonic techniques. A final chapter then gives conclusions and recommendations for research needed to resolve the various durability issues. These recommendations will help provide a sound basis for program planning for the Durability of Lightweight Composite Structures Project sponsored by the US Department of Energy in cooperation with the Automotive Composites Consortium of Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors.

Corum, J.M.; Simpson, W.A. Jr.; Sun, C.T.; Talreja, R.; Weitsman, Y.J.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Shape selective cracking ofn-octane and 2,2,4-trimethylpentane over an alumina-pillared clay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mixture ofn-octane (nC8...) and 2, 2, 4-trimethylpentane (224-TMP) was cracked over an alumina-pillared montmorillonite (Al-PILC) acid catalyst as a means of characterising...8...remaining)/log (fraction of 224...

Christian Doblin; Joseph F. Mathews; Terence W. Turney

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Table II: Technical Targets for Membranes: Automotive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

II: Technical Targets for Membranes: Automotive II: Technical Targets for Membranes: Automotive All targets must be achieved simultaneously Characteristics Units Calendar year 2000 status a 2005 2010 Membrane conductivity, operating temperature Ω-cm -1 0.1 0.1 0.1 Room temperature Ω-cm -1 -20 o C Ω-cm -1 Oxygen cross-over b mA/cm 2 5 5 2 Hydrogen cross-over b mA/cm 2 5 5 2 Cost $/kW 50 5 Operating Temperature o C 80 120 120 Durability Hours 1000 d >4000 e >5000 f Survivability c o C -20 -30 -40 Thermal cyclability in presence of condensed water yes yes yes Notes: a) Status is present day 80 o C unless otherwise noted; targets are for new membranes/CCMs b) Tested in CCM c) Indicates temperature from which bootstrapping stack must be achieved

116

Catalytic partial oxidation of iso-octane over rhodium catalysts: An experimental, modeling, and simulation study  

SciTech Connect

Catalytic partial oxidation of iso-octane over a rhodium/alumina coated honeycomb monolith is experimentally and numerically studied at short-contact times for varying fuel-to-oxygen ratios. A new experimental set-up with well-defined inlet and boundary conditions is presented. The conversion on the catalyst and in the gas-phase is modeled by detailed reaction mechanisms including 857 gas-phase and 17 adsorbed species. Elementary-step based heterogeneous and homogeneous reaction mechanisms are implemented into two-dimensional flow field description of a single monolith channel. Experiment and simulation provide new insights into the complex reaction network leading to varying product distribution as function of fuel-to-oxygen ratio. At fuel rich conditions, the formation of by-products that can serve as coke precursors is observed and interpreted. (author)

Hartmann, M.; Minh, H.D. [Institute for Chemical Technology and Polymer Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany); Maier, L. [Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany); Deutschmann, O. [Institute for Chemical Technology and Polymer Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany); Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

Friction of Materials for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect

This brief overview of friction-related issues in materials for automobiles is invited for a special issue on automotive materials in the ASM journal AM&P. It describes a range of areas in a ground vehicle in which friction must be controlled or minimized. Applications range from piston rings to tires, and from brakes to fuel injector components. A perspective on new materials and lubricants, and the need for validation testing is presented.

Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Thermoelectric Generators for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Systems Part II: Parametric Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelectric Generators for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Systems Part II: Parametric Evaluation been proposed to model thermoelectric generators (TEGs) for automotive waste heat recovery. Details: Thermoelectric generators, waste heat recovery, automotive exhaust, skutterudites INTRODUCTION In part I

Xu, Xianfan

119

A Systematic Investigation for Reducing Shredder Residue for Complex Automotive Seat Subassemblies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automotive shredder residue is a byproduct of the automotive recycling infrastructure and represents 15% of the ... in order to remove a large portion of automotive shredder residue before the shredding process i...

Siobhan Barakat; Jill Urbanic

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Computer-aided PHA, FTA and FMEA for automotive embedded systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The shift of the automotive industry towards powertrain electrification introduces new automotive sensors, actuators and functions that lead to an increasing complexity of automotive embedded systems. The safety-criticality of these systems demands the ...

Roland Mader; Eric Armengaud; Andrea Leitner; Christian Kreiner; Quentin Bourrouilh; Gerhard Grießnig; Christian Steger; Reinhold Weiß

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Low Cost PM Technology for Particle Reinforced Titanium Automotive...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low Cost PM Technology for Particle Reinforced Titanium Automotive Components: Manufacturing Process Feasibility StudyAMD 310 Low Cost PM Technology for Particle Reinforced...

122

US Council for Automotive Research USCAR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research USCAR Jump to: navigation, search Name: US Council for Automotive Research (USCAR) Place: Southfield, Michigan Zip: 48075 - Product: Umbrella organization of...

123

Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation slides from the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar, Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis, held April 16, 2013.

124

automotive technology related: Topics by E-print Network  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automotive Informatics: Information Technology and Enterprise Transformation in the Automobile Industry 1 CiteSeer Summary: This essay examines the role of information technology...

125

Processing Automotive Shredder Fluff for a Blast Furnace Injection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automotive shredder fluff is a by-product vacuumed during ... ELV) hulks, and further refined in post-shredder lines of treatment (PST). To date...

S. Guignot; M. Gamet; N. Menad

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric Modules Application  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presents nanostructured thermal/electrical interface Ťtape? concept involving carbon nanotube and metal nanowire films to improve thermomechanical cycling behavior of automotive TEGs

127

Low-Temperature Automotive Diesel Combustion | Department of...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

in Low Temperature Automotive Diesel Combustion Systems Mixture Formation in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments...

128

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements Presents thermal management of lithium-ion battery packs for electric vehicles cunningham.pdf More Documents & Publications...

129

Low-Temperature Automotive Diesel Combustion | Department of...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Diesel Combustion Low-Temperature Automotive Diesel Combustion 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

130

Develop Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Cost-Competitive Advanced Thermoelectric Generators for Direct Conversion of Vehicle Waste Heat into Useful Electrical Power Development...

131

NSF/DOE Thermoelectrics Partnership: Thermoelectrics for Automotive...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Waste Heat Recovery Development for commercialization of automotive thermoelectric generators from high-ZT TE materials with using low-cost, widely available materials, system...

132

Automotive Fuel Efficiency Improvement via Exhaust Gas Waste...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Waste Heat Conversion to Electricity Automotive Fuel Efficiency Improvement via Exhaust Gas Waste Heat Conversion to Electricity Working to expand the usage of thermoelectric...

133

Automotive Import Taxation : Trade from Germany to Finland.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The automotive taxation in Finland is high on international standards. Vehicles are be-ing imported to Finland daily. A significant share - over 23 000 automobiles… (more)

Lautamäki, Lassi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Automotive Waste Heat Conversion to Power Program | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-- Washington D.C. ace47lagrandeur.pdf More Documents & Publications Automotive Waste Heat Conversion to Power Program 2008 DOE FCVT Merit Review: BSST Waste Heat Recovery...

135

Develop Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Publications Engineering and Materials for Automotive Thermoelectric Applications Electrical and Thermal Transport Optimization of High Efficient n-type Skutterudites Electrical...

136

Dynamic Modelling of Battery Cooling Systems for Automotive Applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The automotive industry is currently undergoing a period of historic upheaval. Under mounting pressure from increasing fuel costs and emission legislations, the industry now faces… (more)

Hasselby, Fabian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Penn State DOE Graduate Automotive Technology Education (Gate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (Gate) Program for In-Vehicle, High-Power Energy Storage Systems 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program...

138

AMD 405: Improved Automotive Suspension Components Cast with...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Maryland. merit08mccarty5.pdf More Documents & Publications AMD 601 High Integrity -Magnesium Automotive Components (HI-MAC) Low Cost PM Technology for Particle Reinforced...

139

Powder Metal Performance Modeling of Automotive Components ?AMD...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Automotive Components: Manufacturing Process Feasibility StudyAMD 310 Structural Cast Magnesium Development (SCMD) AMD 111 Magnesium Front End Design And Development (AMD603)...

140

FY 2009 Progress Report for Lightweighting Materials - 6. Automotive...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2008 Progress Report for Lightweighting Materials - 6. Automotive Metals-Crosscutting Magnesium Front End Research and Development AMD 604 Magnesium Front End Development (AMD 603...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Develop Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Waste Heat Recovery Engineering and Materials for Automotive Thermoelectric Applications Electrical and Thermal Transport Optimization of High Efficient n-type Skutterudites...

142

Development of Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Overview and status of project to develop thermoelectric generator for automotive waste heat recovery and achieve at least 10% fuel economy improvement.

143

Xiamien King Long United Automotive Industry Suzhou | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fujian Province, China Sector: Vehicles Product: Automotive manufacturer, developing fuel cell vehicles. Coordinates: 31.3092, 120.613121 Show Map Loading map......

144

Webinar: Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Video recording and text version of the webinar titled, Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis, originally presented on April 16, 2013.

145

Final report: U.S. competitive position in automotive technologies  

SciTech Connect

Patent data are presented and analyzed to assess the U.S. competitive position in eleven advanced automotive technology categories, including automotive fuel cells, hydrogen storage, advanced batteries, hybrid electric vehicles and others. Inventive activity in most of the technologies is found to be growing at a rapid pace, particularly in advanced batteries, automotive fuel cells and ultracapacitors. The U.S. is the clear leader in automotive fuel cells, on-board hydrogen storage and light weight materials. Japan leads in advanced batteries, hybrid electric vehicles, ultracapacitors, and appears to be close to overtaking the U.S. in other areas of power electronics.

Albert, Michael B.; Cheney, Margaret; Thomas, Patrick; Kroll, Peter

2002-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

146

Experimental Engine Characterization for Spring Design of Novel Automotive Starter.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Automotive starting systems require substantial amounts of mechanical energy in a short period of time. Lead-acid batteries have historically provided that energy through a motor.… (more)

Lauden, Jonathan W.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Particle Number and Size Emissions from a Small Displacement Automotive Diesel Engine: Bioderived vs Conventional Fossil Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

§ General Motors Powertrain Europe, Corso Castelfidardo 36, 10138 Torino, Italy ... The experiments were carried out at the Politecnico di Torino on a modern small displacement, turbocharged, common-rail Euro 5 direct injection (DI) automotive diesel engine, one of the smallest engines on the market, considering unit displacement. ...

Federico Millo; Davide Simone Vezza; Theodoros Vlachos; Andrea De Filippo; Claudio Ciaravino; Nunzio Russo; Debora Fino

2012-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

148

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive vehicle sensors Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mission-critical tasks, automotive CPSes pose stringent requirements... automotive sensor networks. In IEEE ... Source: Zhang, Hongwei - Department of Computer Science, Wayne State...

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive condensed solution Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of IMECE'03 Summary: the evaporator model and seven from the condenser) for a subcritical automotive air conditioning cycle. The model... ADAPTIVE CONTROL TO AUTOMOTIVE AIR...

150

DOE Provides $4.7 Million to Support Excellence in Automotive...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Centers of Excellence. The goal of GATE is to train a future workforce of automotive engineering professionals to overcome technology...

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive quality systems Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quality Assurance of Automotive Software Jan Jrjens1 , Daniel Reiss2 , David... (Germany) 12;Jan Jrjens et al.: Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software 2 The...

152

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced automotive technologies Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

technologies Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced automotive technologies Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Automotive Engineering...

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - australian automotive door Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quality Assurance of Automotive Software Jan Jrjens1 , Daniel Reiss2 , David... (Germany) 12;Jan Jrjens et al.: Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software 2...

154

Use of a thermodynamic cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled engine and an iso-octane-fuelled engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the engine cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled and an iso-octane-fuelled engine for the same operating conditions and engine specifications. A comprehensive parametric investigation was conducted to examine the effects...

Pathak, Dushyant

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

155

Conversion of gas-condensate straight-run gasolines to high-octane gasolines over zeolite catalysts modified with metal nanopowders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acid and catalytic properties of zeolite catalysts modified with metal nanopowders (Cu, Zn, and W) were studied in the conversion of gas-condensate straight-run gasolines to high-liquid high-octane gasolines ...

V. I. Erofeev; A. S. Medvedev; I. S. Khomyakov…

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Exhaust Gas Sensor Based On Tin Dioxide For Automotive Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exhaust Gas Sensor Based On Tin Dioxide For Automotive Application Arthur VALLERON a,b , Christophe, Engineering Materials Department The aim of this paper is to investigate the potentialities of gas sensor based on semi-conductor for exhaust gas automotive application. The sensing element is a tin dioxide

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

157

Topics in Modeling, Control, and Implementation in Automotive Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on inclusion of the dynamics of load transfer, which are of importance in active yaw-control and rollTopics in Modeling, Control, and Implementation in Automotive Systems #12;#12;Topics in Modeling, Control, and Implementation in Automotive Systems Magnus Gäfvert Lund 2003 #12;To my Mother (1943 ­ 1995

158

Electrocatalyst approaches and challenges for automotive fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... catalyst development for automotive applications have been written from both an academic perspective focused on fundamentals and from a perspective focused on the requirements of the automotive companies. This review ... Fuel-cell vehicles in the test fleets monitored by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) have used 0.4?mg of Pt per square centimetre (mg?Pt?cm?2 ...

Mark K. Debe

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

159

Racing Ahead in Automotive Education | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Racing Ahead in Automotive Education Racing Ahead in Automotive Education Racing Ahead in Automotive Education February 18, 2011 - 4:52pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? Helps develop the next generation of innovative auto engineers Where will the next generation of automotive innovation come from? That's a question that's driving discussion throughout the auto industry at the moment, and many hope that the answer lies in the next generation of engineers. Unfortunately, while many young engineers are eager to put their talents to work developing breakthrough transportation technologies, not many U.S. universities have multidisciplinary instructional programs that focus on cutting-edge automotive technologies.

160

FT-IR spectroscopy of nitric acid in TBP/octane solution.  

SciTech Connect

Infrared studies for the HNO{sub 3}/0.73 M TBP n-octane system are reported. Two extracted species, TBP {center_dot} HNO{sub 3} and TBP {center_dot} 2HNO{sub 3}, were identified in the organic phase. The concentration of the individual species was determined by the analysis of the vibrational band at {approx}1650 cm{sup -1}. The band at 1648 cm{sup -1} was assigned to the monosolvate TBP {center_dot} HNO{sub 3} and the band at 1672 cm{sup -1} to the hemisolvate TBP {center_dot} 2HNO{sub 3}. The infrared spectra revealed that with respect to the P{double_bond}O bond, as well to each other, the HNO{sub 3} molecules in the hemisolvate are spectrally non-equivalent. The predominant structure of TBP {center_dot} 2HNO{sub 3} involves the chain HNO{sub 3} dimer. Some ionic NO{sub 3}{sup -} and hydronium ions were identified in this system but only during formation of the monosolvate. The analyses performed in this system can serve for the characterization of HNO{sub 3} in related systems in the presence of metal species.

Ferraro, J. R.; Borkowski, M.; Chiarizia, R.; McAlister, D. R.; Chemistry; Loyola Univ. Chicago

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Technical Assessment of Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems for Automotive Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Report on technical assessment of cyro-compressed hydrogen storage tank systems for automotive applications.

162

How Green Is your Fuel? Creation and Comparison of Automotive Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Creation and Comparison of Automotive Biofuels ... In recent years, biofuel development and use has risen significantly. ...

Eugene P. Wagner; Maura A. Koehle; Todd M. Moyle; Patrick D. Lambert

2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

163

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive shredder residue Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

residue Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automotive shredder residue...

164

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive shredder residues Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

residues Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automotive shredder residues...

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive diesel engine Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

engine Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automotive diesel engine...

166

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive emission control Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

emission control Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automotive emission...

167

Direct Hydrogen PEMFC Manufacturing Cost Estimation for Automotive Applications: Fuel Cell Tech Team Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation reports on direct hydrogen PEMFC manufacturing cost estimation for automotive applications.

168

Electromagnetic interference filter for automotive electrical systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A filter for an automotive electrical system includes a substrate having first and second conductive members. First and second input terminals are mounted to the substrate. The first input terminal is electrically connected to the first conductive member, and the second input terminal is electrically connected to the second conductive member. A plurality of capacitors are mounted to the substrate. Each of the capacitors is electrically connected to at least one of the first and second conductive members. First and second power connectors are mounted to the substrate. The first power connector is electrically connected to the first conductive member, and the second power connector is electrically connected to the second conductive member. A common mode choke is coupled to the substrate and arranged such that the common mode choke extends around at least a portion of the substrate and the first and second conductive members.

Herron, Nicholas Hayden; Carlson, Douglas S; Tang, David; Korich, Mark D

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

169

Advancing Material Models for Automotive Forming Simulations  

SciTech Connect

Simulations in automotive industry need more advanced material models to achieve highly reliable forming and springback predictions. Conventional material models implemented in the FEM-simulation models are not capable to describe the plastic material behaviour during monotonic strain paths with sufficient accuracy. Recently, ESI and Corus co-operate on the implementation of an advanced material model in the FEM-code PAMSTAMP 2G. This applies to the strain hardening model, the influence of strain rate, and the description of the yield locus in these models. A subsequent challenge is the description of the material after a change of strain path.The use of advanced high strength steels in the automotive industry requires a description of plastic material behaviour of multiphase steels. The simplest variant is dual phase steel consisting of a ferritic and a martensitic phase. Multiphase materials also contain a bainitic phase in addition to the ferritic and martensitic phase. More physical descriptions of strain hardening than simple fitted Ludwik/Nadai curves are necessary.Methods to predict plastic behaviour of single-phase materials use a simple dislocation interaction model based on the formed cells structures only. At Corus, a new method is proposed to predict plastic behaviour of multiphase materials have to take hard phases into account, which deform less easily. The resulting deformation gradients create geometrically necessary dislocations. Additional micro-structural information such as morphology and size of hard phase particles or grains is necessary to derive the strain hardening models for this type of materials.Measurements available from the Numisheet benchmarks allow these models to be validated. At Corus, additional measured values are available from cross-die tests. This laboratory test can attain critical deformations by large variations in blank size and processing conditions. The tests are a powerful tool in optimising forming simulations prior to larger scale industrial validation.

Vegter, H.; An, Y.; Horn, C.H.L.J. ten; Atzema, E.H.; Roelofsen, M.E. [Corus Research Development and Technology, PO Box 10000, 1970 CA IJmuiden (Netherlands)

2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

170

Green Racing's Impact on the Automotive World | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Racing's Impact on the Automotive World Green Racing's Impact on the Automotive World Green Racing's Impact on the Automotive World April 16, 2012 - 4:52pm Addthis One of the competitors from the Michelin Green X Challenge. | Photo courtesy of Green Racing. One of the competitors from the Michelin Green X Challenge. | Photo courtesy of Green Racing. Patrick B. Davis Patrick B. Davis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager What does this project do? Green Racing uses motorsports competition to help educate and promote alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies that can be transferred from the race track to the consumer market. The automotive racing world has a long history of moving the car industry forward through the development and use of new technology. Seeing racing's tremendous promise, the Energy Department, U.S. Environmental

171

EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to provide a financial assistance grant under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) to Delphi Automotive Systems, Limited Liability Corporation (LLC) (Delphi). Delphi proposes to construct a laboratory referred to as the "Delphi Kokomo, IN Corporate Technology Center" (Delphi CTC Project) and retrofit a manufacturing facility. The project would advance DOE's Vehicle Technology Program through manufacturing and testing of electric-drive vehicle components as well as assist in the

172

Automotive Energy Supply Corporation AESC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Automotive Energy Supply Corporation AESC Automotive Energy Supply Corporation AESC Jump to: navigation, search Name Automotive Energy Supply Corporation (AESC) Place Zama, Kanagawa, Japan Product JV formed for development and marketing of advanced lithium-ion batteries for automotive applications. Coordinates 32.974049°, -89.371101° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.974049,"lon":-89.371101,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

173

Green Racing's Impact on the Automotive World | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Racing's Impact on the Automotive World Racing's Impact on the Automotive World Green Racing's Impact on the Automotive World April 16, 2012 - 4:52pm Addthis One of the competitors from the Michelin Green X Challenge. | Photo courtesy of Green Racing. One of the competitors from the Michelin Green X Challenge. | Photo courtesy of Green Racing. Patrick B. Davis Patrick B. Davis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager What does this project do? Green Racing uses motorsports competition to help educate and promote alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies that can be transferred from the race track to the consumer market. The automotive racing world has a long history of moving the car industry forward through the development and use of new technology. Seeing racing's tremendous promise, the Energy Department, U.S. Environmental

174

Building the Next Generation of Automotive Industry Leaders | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building the Next Generation of Automotive Industry Leaders Building the Next Generation of Automotive Industry Leaders Building the Next Generation of Automotive Industry Leaders December 7, 2010 - 4:23pm Addthis Zach Heir , a recent hire in the electric vehicle field Zach Heir , a recent hire in the electric vehicle field Dennis A. Smith Director, National Clean Cities It's no secret that when it comes to advanced vehicle technologies, the Department of Energy is kicking into high gear. We're investing more than $12 billion in grants and loans for research, development and deployment of advanced technology vehicles. These investments are helping to create a clean energy workforce. If we want to continue a leadership role in the global automotive industry, it is crucial that we take the long view and invest heavily in the next generation of innovators and critical thinkers

175

10 Questions for an Automotive Engineer: Thomas Wallner | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 Questions for an Automotive Engineer: Thomas Wallner 10 Questions for an Automotive Engineer: Thomas Wallner 10 Questions for an Automotive Engineer: Thomas Wallner June 17, 2011 - 3:30pm Addthis Argonne mechanical engineer Thomas Wallner adjusts Argonne's "omnivorous engine," an automobile engine that Wallner and his colleagues have tailored to efficiently run on blends of gasoline, ethanol and butanol. | Courtesy of: Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne mechanical engineer Thomas Wallner adjusts Argonne's "omnivorous engine," an automobile engine that Wallner and his colleagues have tailored to efficiently run on blends of gasoline, ethanol and butanol. | Courtesy of: Argonne National Laboratory. Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Meet Thomas Wallner - automotive engineer extraordinaire, who hails from

176

Computational Modeling of Relevant Automotive Rotary Spray Painting Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the automotive spray painting process, metallic car shells are conveyed at ... specified constant rectilinear speed through the booth. Robot-assisted rotary atomizers spray the car shell ... path particula...

Abraham J. Salazar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Hybrid method for aerodynamic shape optimization in automotive industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid method for aerodynamic shape optimization in automotive industry Freedeerique Muyl April 2003; accepted 4 June 2003 Abstract An aerodynamic shape optimization tool for complex industrial reasons, concerns car manufacturers. Consequently, the improvement of the aerodynamics of car shapes, more

Dumas, Laurent

178

Energy Conservation Measures at an Automotive Instructional Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy consumption and costs to operate an automotive technical training facility at Texas State Technical Institute in Waco have been significantly reduced through implementation of several energy conservation measures. This paper reviews building...

Godsey, F. W.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

SCIENCE ON SATURDAY- "From Robot Soccer to Automotive Safety...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 16, 2013, 9:30am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium SCIENCE ON SATURDAY- "From Robot Soccer to Automotive Safety: An Optical Tour" Professor R. Andrew Hicks Department of...

180

The Development Status of an Automotive Stirling Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Stirling engine represents an alternative power plant with superior ... been realized through the development of an automotive Stirling engine, designated the Mod II. The Mod ... II engine represents the culm...

Noel P. Nightingale

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Automotive Waste Heat Conversion to Electric Power using Skutterudites...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Waste Heat Conversion to Electric Power using Skutterudites, TAGS, PbTe and Bi2Te3 Automotive Waste Heat Conversion to Electric Power using Skutterudites, TAGS, PbTe and Bi2Te3...

182

Low Cost PM Technology for Particle Reinforced Titanium Automotive...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Titanium Automotive Components edm2@chrysler.com February 28, 2008 Ti-6Al-4V + 10% TiC Etched Unetched RMI RMI Ti- MMC USAMP AMD 310 - Low Cost PM Technology for Particle...

183

CX: Categorical Determination-Alcoa Tennessee Automotive Sheet Expansion Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Categorical Determination Alcoa Tennessee Automotive Sheet Expansion Project CX(s) Applied: B1.31 Date: 05/06/2014 Location(s): Alcoa, Tennessee Offices(s): Loan Programs Office

184

Green automotive supply chain for an emerging market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) within the automotive industry is largely based on combining lean manufacturing with mandated supplier adoption of ISO 14001-compliant Environmental Management Systems (EMS). This ...

Fisch, Gene (Gene Joseph)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Automotive high-voltage electrical system with integrated safeguard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For several years the use of higher system voltages has been a topic in the automotive industry. Whether for hybrid or conventional vehicles, safeguards are required which protect both the vehicle...

Thomas Flottmann

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Automotive Thermoelectric Moduleswith Scalable Thermo- and Electro-Mechanical Interfaces  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interface materials based on carbon nanotubes and metallic alloys, scalable p- and n-type thermoelectrics, materials compatibility for improved reliability, and performance targets for automotive applications are discussed

187

Interim Update: Global Automotive Power Electronics R&D Relevant...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Automotive Power Electronics R&D Relevant To DOE 2015 and 2020 Cost Targets 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

188

Analysis of Automotive Turbocharger Nonlinear Response Including Bifurcations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

automotive TCs operate with variable rotational speed, predictions are conducted with shaft acceleration/deceleration. Over most of its operating speed range, TC rotor nonlinear response predictions display two subsynchronous whirl frequencies w1 and w 2...

Vistamehr, Arian

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

189

New low-mass members of the Octans stellar association and an updated 30-40 Myr lithium age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Octans association is one of several young stellar moving groups recently discovered in the Solar neighbourhood, and hence a valuable laboratory for studies of stellar, circumstellar disc and planetary evolution. However, a lack of low-mass members or any members with trigonometric parallaxes means the age, distance and space motion of the group are poorly constrained. To better determine its membership and age, we present the first spectroscopic survey for new K and M-type Octans members, resulting in the discovery of 29 UV-bright K5-M4 stars with kinematics, photometry and distances consistent with existing members. Nine new members possess strong Li I absorption, which allow us to estimate a lithium age of 30-40 Myr, similar to that of the Tucana-Horologium association and bracketed by the firm lithium depletion boundary ages of the Beta Pictoris (20 Myr) and Argus/IC 2391 (50 Myr) associations. Several stars also show hints in our medium-resolution spectra of fast rotation or spectroscopic binarity. M...

Murphy, Simon J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Washing treatment of automotive shredder residue (ASR)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Worldwide, the amount of end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) reaches 50 million units per year. Once the ELV has been processed, it may then be shredded and sorted to recover valuable metals that are recycled in iron and steelmaking processes. The residual fraction, called automotive shredder residue (ASR), represents 25% of the ELV and is usually landfilled. In order to deal with the leachable fraction of ASR that poses a potential threat to the environment, a washing treatment before landfilling was applied. To assess the potential for full-scale application of washing treatment, tests were carried out in different conditions (L/S = 3 and 5 L/kgTS; t = 3 and 6 h). Moreover, to understand whether the grain size of waste could affect the washing efficiency, the treatment was applied to ground (<4 mm) and not-ground samples. The findings obtained revealed that, on average, washing treatment achieved removal rates of more than 60% for dissolved organic carbon (DOC), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN). With regard to metals and chlorides, sulphates and fluoride leachable fraction, a removal efficiency of approximately 60% was obtained, as confirmed also by EC values. The comparison between the results for ground and not-ground samples did not highlight significant differences.

Raffaello Cossu; Tiziana Lai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Paint robotics—improving automotive painting performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Robotic painting has achieved increased popularity in recent years, due to the flexibility and enhanced performance with such systems. There is a clear trend among major automobile makers to change from hard to flexible automation, and, in that respect, paint robotics is becoming increasingly more important for future paint shop design. New programming tools offer operators and paint engineers better possibility to program and maintain robot systems. With the introduction of the laser, a powerful tool is now available for real-time, in-line control of film build and the related paint process. With the additional advances in robotic-based quality inspection systems, such as a robot-mounted quality inspection camera systems, automotive manufacturers now have the possibility to document and store literally all paint quality data for a multitude of purposes related to process control. Combining these technologies offers a glimpse of a future where true closed-loop process control and quality monitoring can be used to diminish significantly the variation in paint application systems, improve flexibility, quality, and reduce operational costs, while at the same time reduce the complexity of robotic painting systems.

Einar A. Endregaard

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Downsizing assessment of automotive Stirling engines  

SciTech Connect

A 67 kW (90 hp) Stirling engine design, sized for use in a 1984 1440 kg (3170 lb) automobile has been serving as the focal point for developing automotive Stirling engine technology under a current DOE/NASA R and D program. Since recent trends are towards lighter vehicles, an assessment was made of the appicability of the Stirling technology being developed for smaller, lower power engines. Using both the Philips scaling laws and a Lewis Research Center (Lewis) Stirling engine performance code, dimensional and performance characteristics were determined for a 26 kW (35 hp) and a 37 kW (50 hp) engine for use in a nominal 907 kg (2000 lb) vehicle. Key engine elements were sized and stressed and mechanical layouts were made to ensure mechanical fit and integrity of the engines. Fuel economy estimates indicated that the Stirling engine would maintain a 30 to 45 percent fuel economy advantage over comparable spark ignition and diesel powered vehicles in the 1984 time period. In order to maintain the performance advantage, particular attention must be paid to the Stirling engine mechanical losses and, although evaluated in this report, the cold start penalties.

Knoll, R.H.; Tew, R.C. Jr.; Klann, J.L.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

UTILIZING A SYSTEMS ENGINEERING APPROACH TO EVALUATE END-OF-LIFE OPPORTUNITIES FOR COMPLEX AUTOMOTIVE SEAT SUBASSEMBLIES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Automotive shredder residue is a byproduct of the automotive recycling infrastructure and represents 15% of the overall weight of a vehicle. The byproduct is currently… (more)

Barakat, Siobhan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Automotive Control Systems: For Engine, Driveline, and Vehicle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many engineers, working in the field of automotive control systems and mechatronics, as well as lecturing at technical universities, will welcome this book. It gives a broad insight view of the latest automotive technologies in use which have been adopted over a long period of time from research activities at universities and in industry. About twenty years ago the microcomputer started to revolutionize the possibility of introducing intelligence in systems, for example in the form of advanced control algorithms. By chance, this incredible evolution coincided with increasing environmental demands to reduce pollution and oil consumption and to contribute one of the major tools to meet those demands. This may have been one of the reasons why the automotive industry was rather early in introducing the new technique. However, it would have been interesting if the book had given a short historic review. In fact the authors do not rule out that the modern four-stroke engine in a car may work as an air-cleaning filter, and after going through the part describing the lambda-control together with the catalytic conversion, it is hard to argue against it, at least when the vehicle is running at constant speed. Reading this book you realize that the times are long gone when you could use a screwdriver and feeler gauge to adjust the ignition of your car engine. The subtitle of the book is engine, driveline and vehicle and the book is also divided in that logical order. In the first part, after describing the thermodynamic cycles of different engine types, spark ignited and diesel, the basic engine operations are presented and the reader is given a theoretical insight into what can be done to enhance the performance of the engine. If you have forgotten the basic laws of thermodynamics there is an appendix to recapitulate (however, there is no explanation of the word stoichiometric in case you are not familiar with that). You will also find information on the efficiency of different fuels as well as the efficiency of engines derived from crankshaft motions and thermodynamics. The next chapter describes how the derived models of engine management are used for advanced engine control. The chapter also presents simulation results as well as measurement results. What is especially interesting to read about is how effectively the catalytic conversion works together with lambda-control at stoichiometric combustion of the spark-ignited engine. This is thoroughly explained in the text but a curious reader will not get any information about problems or if there are ongoing activities with emission reduction concerning its competitor, the diesel engine. It is understandable that the book concentrates on the most popular automotive engines but an interested reader might miss that there is nothing in the book that covers the state-of-the-art spark-ignited two-stroke engine. The second part of the book covers the driveline, that is, the parts that transfer the torque of the engine to the wheels. The initial chapters cover the derivation of general models of driveline, basically by applying Newton's second law of motion. Those models are then applied to the modern truck for simulation of the dynamical behaviour. After validation, the appropriate simulation model is used in designing a control system for a transmission that does not need a clutch for shifting gears. Consequently, this part of the book is very interesting since, most likely, one of the authors has worked in close cooperation with the Swedish truck manufacturer Scania. He describes the development behind this unique and patented transmission system. The third and last part of the book deals with the vehicle itself. Initially, geometrical vehicle models of different complexity, the two-track and single-track, are described. They are used to derive the forces acting on the wheels due to road friction and road profile, as well as the driver's input, such as steering and braking. The book claims to have 291 illustrations. The third part of the book, however, could have benefited from more

U Kiencke and L Nielsen

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Advanced Automotive Technologies annual report to Congress, fiscal year 1996  

SciTech Connect

This annual report serves to inform the United States Congress on the progress for fiscal year 1996 of programs under the Department of Energy`s Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies (OAAT). This document complies with the legislative requirement to report on the implementation of Title III of the Automotive Propulsion Research and Development Act of 1978. Also reported are related activities performed under subsequent relevant legislation without specific reporting requirements. Furthermore, this report serves as a vital means of communication from the Department to all public and private sector participants. Specific requirements that are addressed in this report are: Discussion of how each research and development contract, grant, or project funded under the authority of this Act satisfies the requirements of each subsection; Current comprehensive program definition for implementing Title III; Evaluation of the state of automotive propulsion system research and development in the United States; Number and amount of contracts and grants awarded under Title III; Analysis of the progress made in developing advanced automotive propulsion system technology; and Suggestions for improvements in automotive propulsion system research and development, including recommendations for legislation.

NONE

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Asola Advanced and Automotive Solar Systems GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asola Advanced and Automotive Solar Systems GmbH Asola Advanced and Automotive Solar Systems GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name Asola Advanced and Automotive Solar Systems GmbH Place Erfurt, Germany Zip D-99428 Sector Solar Product German manufacturer of PV modules and spherical solar sun roofs for the automotive industry. References Asola Advanced and Automotive Solar Systems GmbH[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Asola Advanced and Automotive Solar Systems GmbH is a company located in Erfurt, Germany . References ↑ "Asola Advanced and Automotive Solar Systems GmbH" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Asola_Advanced_and_Automotive_Solar_Systems_GmbH&oldid=34237

197

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automotive and MHE Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis (Text Version) to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis (Text Version) on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis (Text Version) on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis (Text Version) on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis (Text Version) on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis (Text Version) on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Automotive and MHE Fuel Cell System Cost Analysis (Text Version) on AddThis.com...

198

Development of Cell/Pack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

CellPack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental Validation Development of CellPack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental...

199

Thermoelectric Generators for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Systems Part I: Numerical Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelectric Generators for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Systems Part I: Numerical Modeling telluride TEMs. Key words: Thermoelectric generators, waste heat recovery, automotive exhaust, skutterudites bismuth telluride are considered for thermoelectric modules (TEMs) for conversion of waste heat from

Xu, Xianfan

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive engineering Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Transport Academy Summary: 12;12;AA AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING ELECTRIC POWER ENGINEERING INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY... APPLIED MECHANICS SOUND AND VIBRATION ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive engineers preprint Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Transport Academy Summary: 12;12;AA AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING ELECTRIC POWER ENGINEERING INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY... APPLIED MECHANICS SOUND AND VIBRATION ...

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive industry current Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development Scheme, The UK... 12;12;AA AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING ELECTRIC POWER ENGINEERING INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY... APPLIED MECHANICS SOUND AND VIBRATION ...

203

NSF/DOE Thermoelectrics Partnership: Purdue ? GM Partnership on Thermoelectrics for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Reviews results in developing commercially viable thermoelectric generators for efficient conversion of automotive exhaust waste heat to electricity

204

Coated glass in the automotive industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inorganic coatings on glasses have reached the level where they will certainly be applied in the automotive industry in order to solve such glazing problems as heat load, heat loss, glare, UV adsorption, disturbed reflections, electromagnetic influence and thermal insulation. Their widespread use will depend on optimising the solution to problems of solar control and heatable glasses while the glass is also capable of the other functions required of it, thus justifying the relatively high cost that is predicted. There remain unsolved problems in optical limits and colour matching. When these are solved solar control glasses are likely to give real advantages in terms of air conditioning and comfort, and heatable glasses will be used in association with electrical power for demisting and deicing. Particular attention is being directed to a class of infrared reflecting and heatable glasses, obtained by selectively coating transparent plastic films that are embedded or bonded in laminated or tempered glasses. Fabricating this type of glasses has mainly been useful for two reasons: (I) to develop versatile techniques to make solar control IR reflecting and heatable glasses for all kinds and dimensions of vehicle glazing; and (2) to assess whether these glasses are really feasible alternatives to directly coated glasses. This paper describes results of some solar control experiments in Fiat cars: to ascertain the actual internal temperature differences found when glazing vehicles with the absorbing and reflecting IR glasses currently available; and to obtain results with a similar purpose using heatable glasses. There is also discussion of how the glasses could be used in glazing all or parts of a car's windows / especially addressing problems of glare. Suggestions are made of the directions of this research in the future.

G. Manfre

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

FY2001 Progress Report for Automotive Propulsion Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AUTOMOTIVE PROPULSION AUTOMOTIVE PROPULSION MATERIALS 2 0 0 1 A N N U A L P R O G R E S S R E P O R T U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Transportation Technologies A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T We would like to express our sincere appreciation to Argonne National Laboratory, Computer Systems Management, Inc., and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, for their artistic and technical contributions in preparing and publishing this report. In addition, we would like to thank all our program participants for their contributions to the programs and all the authors who prepared the project abstracts that comprise this report. U.S. Department of Energy Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies 1000 Independence Avenue S.W. Washington, DC 20585-0121 FY 2001 Progress Report for Propulsion Materials

206

TODAY: Secretary Chu and Senator Stabenow to Announce Advanced Automotive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TODAY: Secretary Chu and Senator Stabenow to Announce Advanced TODAY: Secretary Chu and Senator Stabenow to Announce Advanced Automotive Technology Loan for Michigan Manufacturer TODAY: Secretary Chu and Senator Stabenow to Announce Advanced Automotive Technology Loan for Michigan Manufacturer July 13, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - Today, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu will join U.S. Senators Carl Levin and Debbie Stabenow on a conference call to make an announcement regarding an advanced automotive technology loan that is expected to create jobs in Michigan, increase manufacturing, and make American automakers more competitive. WHO: Secretary of Energy Steven Chu Senator Carl Levin Senator Debbie Stabenow WHAT: Press Conference Call WHEN: Wednesday, July 13, 2011 at 11:30 AM EDT RSVP: Please contact Karissa Marcum at karissa.marcum@hq.doe.gov to receive call-in

207

Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress April 6, 2006 - 10:12am Addthis Remarks Prepared for Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman Thank you, Greg. It's always a pleasure to be in a room full of engineers. As an engineer myself, I know there is nothing our profession likes better than plain talk and solving problems. So, I'm going to serve you up some plain talk and then some assignments. Our nation faces big challenges in the energy and transportation arena. The President put it plainly in the State of the Union message when he said America is addicted to oil. To start us on the path to recovery from this addiction, he set out the Advanced Energy Initiative which calls for increasing spending on clean energy programs by 22% in next year's budget.

208

Automotive Accessibility and Efficiency Meet in the Innovative MV-1 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Automotive Accessibility and Efficiency Meet in the Innovative MV-1 Automotive Accessibility and Efficiency Meet in the Innovative MV-1 Automotive Accessibility and Efficiency Meet in the Innovative MV-1 March 11, 2011 - 4:03pm Addthis The MV-1, a new wheelchair accessible, fuel-efficient vehicle | Photo Courtesy of Vehicle Production Group The MV-1, a new wheelchair accessible, fuel-efficient vehicle | Photo Courtesy of Vehicle Production Group Daniel B. Poneman Daniel B. Poneman Deputy Secretary of Energy Yesterday, the Department of Energy announced that we've now finalized a loan for nearly $50 million to the Vehicle Production Group - or VPG. The project will support the development and manufacturing of a new wheelchair accessible, fuel-efficient car, the MV-1, that will run on compressed natural gas instead of gasoline, produce low emissions, and create 900 jobs

209

Planning of Low-Cost 77-GHz Radar Transceivers for Automotive Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Moghavvemi University ofMalaya INTRODUCTION The use of electronics in the automotive industry will reach (orPlanning of Low-Cost 77-GHz Radar Transceivers for Automotive Applications H. Ameri, A. Attaran & M the position and speed as with other components used in the automotive industry, radars will find widespread

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

210

Hierarchical Modelling of Automotive Sensor Front-Ends For Structural Diagnosis of Aging Faults  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shown [2] that 41% of failures in automotive electronics could not be identified by functional diagnosisHierarchical Modelling of Automotive Sensor Front-Ends For Structural Diagnosis of Aging Faults h.g.kerkhoff@utwente.nl Abstract: The semiconductor industry for automotive applications is growing

Wieringa, Roel

211

Verifiable Active Safety for Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems with Humans in the Loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-6925 A recent trend in the automotive industry is the rapid inclusion of electronics, computers and controlsVerifiable Active Safety for Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems with Humans in the Loop Francesco that focus entirely on improved functionality and overall system robustness. This makes the automotive sector

Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

212

FY2003 Progress Report for Automotive Propulsion Materials Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies 1000 Independence Avenue S.W. Washington, DC 20585-0121 FY 2003 Progress Report for Automotive Propulsion Materials Program Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Edward Wall Program Manager December 2003 U.S. Department of Energy Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies 1000 Independence Avenue S.W. Washington, DC 20585-0121 FY 2003 Progress Report for Automotive Propulsion Materials Program Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Edward Wall Program Manager December 2003 CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................... 1

213

Effects of fuel octane number and inlet air temperature on knock characteristics of a single cylinder engine  

SciTech Connect

A dual sample rate technique has been developed and applied to measuring in-cylinder pressure and its oscillations due to autoignition. The harmonics of in-cylinder oscillations were found in good agreement with those obtained from the solutions of wave equation in a cylindrical container. The time of knock relative to spark timing was almost independent of the knock intensity, fuel octane number, and inlet air temperature. The knock intensity was almost constant up to the spark advance when about 100% of the cycles were knocking, further spark advance resulted in higher knock intensity. The mass fraction of unburned fuel at the time of knock was about 10% and was independent of the frequency of the cycles knocking. These observations indicated that the phenomenon of knock is a single-site autoignition for intermittent knock and multi-site autoignition for severe knocking.

Haghgooie, M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

NREL: News - NREL and General Motors Announce R&D Partnership...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

914 NREL and General Motors Announce R&D Partnership to Reduce Cost of Automotive Fuel Cells June 25, 2014 The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and...

215

Ontology-based artefact management in automotive electronics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current paper presents work in progress in integrated management of artefacts inautomotive electronics with a focus on requirements. A case study on industrial requirements management was performed in a Swedish automotive supplier of software-intensive ... Keywords: Information modelling, Requirements analysis, Software tool

K. Sandkuhl; A. Billig

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Platform Based Design for Automotive Sensor Conditioning L. Fanucci1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to improve system performance while minimizing time-to-market.. The platform is composed by an analog front prototyping. A case study is presented concerning the conditioning of a Gyro yaw rate sensor for automotive the electronic system design as sequence of several abstraction layers (each one can be considered as a platform

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

217

Pyrolysis of automotive shredder residues: a lumped kinetic characterization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A lumped kinetic model for the pyrolysis of industrial wastes of unknown chemical composition is developed. The model is applied to the pyrolysis of automotive shredder residues (ASRs), studied by means of thermogravimetric and calorimetric analyses, in isothermal and non-isothermal conditions.

Oreste Patierno; Paola Cipriani; Fausto Pochetti; Massimiliano Giona

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Automotive Stirling Engine Mod I design review report. Volume III  

SciTech Connect

This volume, No. 3, of the Automotive Stirling Engine Mod 1 Design Review Report contains a preliminary parts list and detailed drawings of equipment for the basic Stirling engine and for the following systems: vehicular Stirling Engine System; external heat system; hot and cold engine systems; engine drive; controls and auxiliaries; and vehicle integration. (LCL)

Not Available

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Role of Friction in Materials Selection for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect

This is an invited article for a special issue of the ASM International monthly magazine that concerns "Automotive Materials and Applications." The article itself overviews frictional considerations in material selection for automobiles. It discusses implications for energy efficiency (engine friction) and safety (brakes) among other topics.

Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Registration General Info. Day 1 Sched. Day 2 Sched. Keynote Speaker Bios. Symposia Matrix Symposia Abstracts 15th Annual ARC Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

matrix. Symposium I 10:45 - 12:00pm Diesel Engine Combustion 12:00 - 1:30 Lunch 1:30 - 2:45 EngineRegistration General Info. Day 1 Sched. Day 2 Sched. Keynote Speaker Bios. Symposia Matrix Symposia and Engineering Center (TARDEC) National Automotive Center (NAC) Automotive Research Center 2043 W.E. Lay

Papalambros, Panos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A complex chemical kinetic mechanism for the oxidation of gasoline surrogate fuels: n heptane, iso octane and toluene - Mechanism development and validation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development and validation against experimental results of a new gasoline surrogate complex kinetic mechanism is presented in this paper. The surrogate fuel is a ternary mixture of n heptane, iso octane and toluene. The full three components mechanism is based on existing n heptane/iso octane (gasoline PRF) and toluene mechanisms which were modified and coupled for the purpose of this work. Mechanism results are compared against available experimental data from the literature. Simulations with the PRF plus toluene mechanism show that its behavior is in agreement with experimental results for most of the tested settings. These include a wide variety of thermodynamic conditions and fuel proportions in experimental configurations such as HCCI engine experiments, rapid compression machines, a shock tube and a jet stirred reactor.

Da Cruz, A Pires; Anderlohr, Jörg; Bounaceur, Roda; Battin-Leclerc, Frédérique

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Evaluation of the Benefits Attributable to Automotive Lightweight Materials Program Research and Development Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-237 -237 Evaluation of the Benefits Attributable to Automotive Lightweight Materials Program Research and Development Projects November 2001 Prepared by Sujit Das Oak Ridge National Laboratory Jean H. Peretz The University of Tennessee Bruce Tonn Oak Ridge National Laboratory DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge: Web site: http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source: National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone: 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD: 703-487-4639 Fax: 703-605-6900 E-mail: info@ntis.fedworld.gov Web site: http://www.ntis.gov/support/ordernowabout.htm

223

Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program Mod I Stirling engine development  

SciTech Connect

The Automotive Stirling Engine (ASE) Development Program was established to enable research and development of alternate propulsion systems. The program was awarded to Mechanical Technology Incorporated (MTI) for the purpose of developing an automotive Stirling engine, and transferring Stirling-engine technology to the United States. MTI has fabricated and tested four Mod I engines that have accumulated over 1900 test hours to date. The engines evaluated in the test cell have achieved an average of 34.5% efficiency at their maximum efficiency point (2000 rpm), and have developed an average maximum output power (power available to the drive train) level of 54.4 kW (73.2 bhp). All engines are still operating, and are being used to develop components and control strategy for the Upgraded Mod I engine design (predicted to increase maximum power output and efficiency while reducing total engine system weight).

Simetkosky, M.A.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

REQUEST BY MERIDIAN AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement of Considerations Statement of Considerations REQUEST BY MERIDIAN AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS IN SUBJECT INVENTIONS MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER A SUBTIER CONTRACT UNDER UT-BATTELLE, LLC SUBCONTRACT NO. 4000010928, UNDER DOE PRIME CONTRACT DE-AC05- 00OR22725; DOE WAIVER DOCKET W(A)-2003-037; [ORO-780] Meridian Automotive Systems, Inc. (Meridian) has made a request for an advance waiver to worldwide rights in Subject Inventions made in the course of or under a subtier contract under UT-Battelle, LLC Subcontract No. 4000010928 with Volvo Trucks North America under Department of Energy (DOE) Contract DE-AC05-00OR22725. The scope of work of this project is for the utilization of Carbon Fiber Sheet Molding Compound (SMC) Materials for

225

DOE Provides $4.7 Million to Support Excellence in Automotive Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4.7 Million to Support Excellence in Automotive 4.7 Million to Support Excellence in Automotive Technology Education DOE Provides $4.7 Million to Support Excellence in Automotive Technology Education August 29, 2005 - 2:47pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced the selection of eight universities that will receive $4.7 million to be Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Centers of Excellence. The goal of GATE is to train a future workforce of automotive engineering professionals to overcome technology barriers preventing the development and production of cost-effective, high-efficiency vehicles for the U.S. market. "GATE Centers of Excellence are an exciting opportunity to equip a new generation of engineers and scientists with knowledge and skills in advanced automotive technologies," said Douglas L. Faulkner, Acting

226

History of noise quality in the automotive industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper will present a brief look at the emerging philosophy of sound quality as viewed from within the automotive engineering community. A few examples of the concepts of sound quality will be discussed focusing on their relevance to noise control in vehicles. The paper will be primarily historical in content relating how the ideas of sound quality came to be recognized as an important factor in noise control for automobiles.

Earl Geddes

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program. RESD Summary report  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report compiling a summary of the information presented and discussed at the May 1983 Automotive Stirling Engine (AES) Reference Engine System Design (RESD) review held at the NASA Lewis Research Center. The design of the engine and its auxiliaries and controls is described. Manufacturing costs in production quantity are also presented. Engine system performance predictions are discussed and vehicle integration is developed, along with projected fuel economy levels.

Not Available

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Investigation of cleaner technologies to minimize automotive coolant wastes  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in cooperation with the State of New Jersey evaluated chemical filtration and distillation technologies designed to recycle automotive and heavy-duty engine coolants. These evaluations addressed the product quality, waste reduction, and economic issues. In addition, the authors examined the potential for substituting propylene glycol for ethylene glycol based engine coolant formulations. (Copyright (c) 1993 Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd.)

Randall, P.M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

The investigation of exhaust powered, automotive air cycle air conditioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pressure Ratio Net Power Test Apparatus Available Turbocompressors Turbine and Compressor Wheels Mounted to Shaft Turbocompressor Mounted. to Exhaust Line Total System Test Rig Full Throttle Performance Curves Subscript 'c' Corrected Results 13 13... an automotive air cycle unit which employed a rotary- vaned compressor. The prototype unit developed. cooling over various engine speeds because of the compressor being a positive displacement type which developed fairly high pressures on the order of 40 psia...

Holley, James Andrew

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Hydrogen storage systems for automotive applications: project StorHy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Around two thirds of world's oil usage is associated with transportation with road vehicles consuming around 40%. Also, transportation accounts for around 25% of greenhouse emissions worldwide, with around 90% coming from road vehicles. This situation is further complicated by the fact that oil reserves are running out. For this reason, the automotive industry supported by relevant governing bodies is rapidly exploring alternative propulsion solutions (such as hybrid, electric and hydrogen powered vehicle technologies). This paper presents the main objectives and progressive findings of an EU funded research project titled 'StorHy â?? Hydrogen Storage Systems for Automotive Applications'. This research project was conducted in partnership between a number of participating organisations under the auspice of the EU Thematic Priority 6 program titled 'Sustainable development, global change and ecosystems'. The integrated project, StorHy, aims to develop robust, safe and efficient on-board vehicle hydrogen storage systems suitable for use in hydrogen-fuelled fuel cell or internal combustion engine vehicles. Research work covering the whole spectrum of hydrogen storage technologies (compressed gas, cryogenic liquid and solid materials) is carried out with a focus on automotive applications. The aim is to develop economically and environmentally attractive solutions for all three storage technologies.

Joerg Wellnitz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive lubricants astm Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

standards - ISO - ASTM - CEN - Codex - ..... Other - miscellaneous... Automotive parts Tyres for cars - improving "green strength" Re-use of Teflon scrap 12;56 End of part 1...

232

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive technologies annual Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Release Submitted by Summary: technology and vehicle deployments also improve UPS's fuel efficiency. The automotive goal complements UPS... CSR Press Release Submitted by:...

233

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Automotive Low Temperature Gasoline Combustion Engine Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Sandia National Laboratories at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about automotive low...

234

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive industry Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

systems for vehicles Assigned date: Feb. 21, 2011 Due date: April 11, 2011 Summary: air conditioning systems used in the automotive industry are based on vapour-compression...

235

Reinventing the Industrial Heartland: Supply Chain Sustainability and the New Automotive Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reinventing the Industrial Heartland: Supply Chain Sustainability and the New Automotive Industry-Director, WI Electric Machines and Power Electronics Consortium, University of Wisconsin-Madison Challenge: Lee

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

236

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive vehicles uso Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering 2 watcar.uwaterloo.ca 519-888-4555I drivinginnovation Summary: Co-op Work Terms Student Team Partnerships WATERLOO CENTRE FOR AUTOMOTIVE RESEARCH 12;The...

237

Technical Assessment of Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems for Automotive Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report examines performance and cost of compressed hydrogen storage tank systems compared to the US Department of Energy (DOE) 2010, 2015, and ultimate targets for automotive applications.

238

Thermoelectric-Generator-Based DC-DC Conversion Network for Automotive Applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? As waste heat recovering techniques, especially thermoelectric generator (TEG technologies, develop during recent years?its utilization in automotive industry is attempted from many aspects. Previous… (more)

Li, Molan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Recycling waste polymers from automotive shredder residue (ASR); application in iron making.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An investigation was performed on characterisation of automotive shredder residue which resulted in application of its polymeric fraction as a substitute for coke, as reducing… (more)

Fahandej Sadi, Seyed Habib

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive vehicles energia Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automotive vehicles energia Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 PROBLEMES ENERGIES RENOVABLES. INTRODUCCIO Heu de...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive life cycle Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Selected European Automobile Manufacturers Summary: Umweltinformatik 1.3. Users of LCA in the automotive industry According to the Life Cycle Initiative launched... of the...

242

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive structural applications Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ASRANet Conference Summary: and offshore structures, tall buildings, masts and towers, pipelines, automotive, Nuclear Structures... Call for Papers 6th International...

243

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive sheet steels Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

industry. DESIGN & MANUFACTURING The estimated current global market for automotive paint is a... planning system that achieves efficient and precise machining, including...

244

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive applications final Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Many non-automotive sectors like the rubber and plastics industry, the metal... of robot sales had been registered. After two years of decreasing supplies, sales to the...

245

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive door skins Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and an organizational focus on eliminating health disparities. Small automotive... of paint spray guns and for "off label" uses. These practices Boston's more than 500...

246

E-Print Network 3.0 - axisymmetric automotive components Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

industry. DESIGN & MANUFACTURING The estimated current global market for automotive paint ... Source: Ma, Bin - Departments of Computer Science & Biochemistry, University of...

247

Advanced high temperature materials for the energy efficient automotive stirling engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Stirling engine is under investigation jointly by the Department ... internal combustion engine for automotive applications. The Stirling engine is an external combustion engine that offers ... materials rese...

R. H. Titran; J. R. Stephens

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive technology excellence Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BIBLIOGRAPHY ON INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES 1. F. Obert, Internal Combustion Engines and Air Pollution, Intext Educational Publishers, 1973 Summary: , Society of Automotive...

249

E-Print Network 3.0 - afv automotive technician Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New automotive technologies could also be a source of additional... . 12;Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFV) are vehicles that use the non-petroleum based ... Source: North...

250

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum automotive components Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department, University of New Hampshire Collection: Engineering 24 1 Introduction 1.1 Aluminum alloys Summary: 1 1 Introduction 1.1 Aluminum alloys Automotive industry demands...

251

Development of a High-Efficiency Zonal Thermoelectric HVAC System for Automotive Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Identify a technical and business approach to accelerate the deployment of light-duty automotive TE HVAC technology, maintain occupant comfort, and improve energy efficiency.

252

Technical Assessment of Organic Liquid Carrier Hydrogen Storage Systems for Automotive Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Technical report describing the US Department of Energy's (DOE) assessment of the performance and cost of organic liquid based hydrogen storage systems for automotive applications.

253

A screening model to explore planning decisions in automotive manufacturing systems under demand uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large-scale, complex engineering systems, as for automotive manufacturing, often require significant capital investment and resources for systems configuration. Furthermore, these systems operate in environments that are ...

Yang, Yingxia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Continual Energy Management Dynamics| Energy Efficiency in U.S. Automotive Manufacturing Industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Managers at automotive manufacturers are seeking ways to reduce energy consumption, costs, carbon emissions, and waste from production processes. Researchers and practitioners perceive energy… (more)

Onus, Cem O.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Abstract--The development of power electronics in the field of transportations (automotive, aeronautics) requires the use of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Abstract-- The development of power electronics in the field of transportations (automotive] INTRODUCTION HE development of electronic components and circuits, as power semiconductor modules and safety of complex systems (automotive, aeronautics, space) [15], [1]. Particularly, in the case

256

Basics of Advanced Software Systems Static cyclic scheduling on automotive Electronic Control Units (ECU)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basics of Advanced Software Systems Static cyclic scheduling on automotive Electronic Control Units Systems ­ Coursework ­ March 9, 2012. lic scheduling on automotive Electronic Control Units (ECU) (nicolas - Name, - Execution time, - Period of execution, - First activation date, also cal period. The scheduling

Navet, Nicolas

257

Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive Trains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive Trains Wilhelm Peters, Tobias Huber, Joachim Böcker Power Electronics and Electrical Drives, Paderborn automotive traction drives are a wide speed range, a wide constant-power operation range and high efficiency

Paderborn, Universität

258

2001-01-0308 FMEA-based Design for Remanufacture using Automotive-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2001-01-0308 FMEA-based Design for Remanufacture using Automotive- Remanufacturer Data A. Lam, M the development of a Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) modified to support design for remanufacture. The results of the waste- stream analysis of an automotive remanufacturer were used for this FMEA

Shu, Lily H.

259

Paper title: A practical model-based statistical approach for generating functional test cases: application in the automotive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Affiliation 2 : Johnson Controls Automotive Electronics Electronics Division Europe Parc Saint Christophe complexity of automotive software Nowadays, car electronics represent more than 30% of the total cost the design of some electronic modules to automotive electronics suppliers. The design of a module typically

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

260

Research on Calculation Method of Period and Deadline of Frame in Automotive Electronic and Information Integrated Control System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research on Calculation Method of Period and Deadline of Frame in Automotive Electronic control, it is necessary to develop AEIICS (Automotive Electronic and Information Integrated Control-Words: Automotive electronic; In-vehicle network; Networked control; Temporal characteristic; Real-time; GCRT 1

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Route-dependent operation of automotive fuel cell systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Information on energy demand and traversal times along segments of a route is used to operate a fuel cell of an automotive drive in order to minimise fuel consumption. The buffering capacity of a battery is exploited to proactively leave the fuel cell idle or run it as close as possible to its maximum efficiency power level. Additionally, recuperation energy is buffered. Shortest paths in so-called power graphs correspond to approximately optimal fuel cell operation along a given route. In principle, minimum consumption routes can be computed in the same way. The approach targets planning rather than control.

Thomas Kämpke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

An Update on Fisker Automotive and the Energy Department's Loan Portfolio  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

An Update on Fisker Automotive and the Energy Department's Loan An Update on Fisker Automotive and the Energy Department's Loan Portfolio An Update on Fisker Automotive and the Energy Department's Loan Portfolio September 17, 2013 - 5:20pm Addthis An Update on Fisker Automotive and the Energy Department’s Loan Portfolio Peter W. Davidson Peter W. Davidson Executive Director of the Loan Program Office (LPO) What are the key facts? Thanks to investments made by the Obama Administration, the U.S. auto industry has had three straight years of rapid growth after seven straight years of decline. Despite Fisker Automotive's bankruptcy setback, the DOE loan portfolio remains very strong -- and is playing a crucial role in helping America's auto industry thrive, innovate and compete. When the President took office, America's auto industry was on the brink

263

Direct Injection Compression Ignition Diesel Automotive Technology Education GATE Program  

SciTech Connect

The underlying goal of this prqject was to provide multi-disciplinary engineering training for graduate students in the area of internal combustion engines, specifically in direct injection compression ignition engines. The program was designed to educate highly qualified engineers and scientists that will seek to overcome teclmological barriers preventing the development and production of cost-effective high-efficiency vehicles for the U.S. market. Fu1iher, these highly qualified engineers and scientists will foster an educational process to train a future workforce of automotive engineering professionals who are knowledgeable about and have experience in developing and commercializing critical advanced automotive teclmologies. Eight objectives were defmed to accomplish this goal: 1. Develop an interdisciplinary internal co1nbustion engine curriculum emphasizing direct injected combustion ignited diesel engines. 2. Encourage and promote interdisciplinary interaction of the faculty. 3. Offer a Ph.D. degree in internal combustion engines based upon an interdisciplinary cuniculum. 4. Promote strong interaction with indusuy, develop a sense of responsibility with industry and pursue a self sustaining program. 5. Establish collaborative arrangements and network universities active in internal combustion engine study. 6. Further Enhance a First Class educational facility. 7. Establish 'off-campus' M.S. and Ph.D. engine programs of study at various indusuial sites. 8. Extend and Enhance the Graduate Experience.

Carl L. Anderson

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

264

Passive Two-Phase Cooling of Automotive Power Electronics: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Experiments were conducted to evaluate the use of a passive two-phase cooling strategy as a means of cooling automotive power electronics. The proposed cooling approach utilizes an indirect cooling configuration to alleviate some reliability concerns and to allow the use of conventional power modules. An inverter-scale proof-of-concept cooling system was fabricated, and tests were conducted using the refrigerants hydrofluoroolefin HFO-1234yf and hydrofluorocarbon HFC-245fa. Results demonstrated that the system can dissipate at least 3.5 kW of heat with 250 cm3 of HFC-245fa. An advanced evaporator design that incorporates features to improve performance and reduce size was conceived. Simulation results indicate its thermal resistance can be 37% to 48% lower than automotive dual side cooled power modules. Tests were also conducted to measure the thermal performance of two air-cooled condensers--plain and rifled finned tube designs. The results combined with some analysis were then used to estimate the required condenser size per operating conditions and maximum allowable system (i.e., vapor and liquid) temperatures.

Moreno, G.; Jeffers, J. R.; Narumanchi, S.; Bennion, K.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Energy and Environmental Impacts of Lithium Production for Automotive Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B. Dunn and Linda Gaines B. Dunn and Linda Gaines Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Energy and Environmental Impacts of Lithium Production for Automotive Batteries American Chemical Society New Orleans, LA April 7-11, 2013 The submitted manuscript has been created by UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. The U.S. Government retains for itself, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in said article to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly

266

Can Automotive Battery recycling Help Meet Lithium Demand?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gaines, Jennifer B. Dunn, and Christine James Gaines, Jennifer B. Dunn, and Christine James Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Can Automotive Battery Recycling Help Meet Lithium Demand? ACS Meeting New Orleans, LA April 7-11, 2013 The submitted manuscript has been created by UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. The U.S. Government retains for itself, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in said article to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly

267

Market Acceptance of Advanced Automotive Technologies Model (MA3T) Consumer  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Market Acceptance of Advanced Automotive Technologies Model (MA3T) Consumer Market Acceptance of Advanced Automotive Technologies Model (MA3T) Consumer Choice Model Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Market Acceptance of Advanced Automotive Technologies Model (MA3T) Consumer Choice Model Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory OpenEI Keyword(s): EERE tool, Market Acceptance of Advanced Automotive Technologies Model (MA3T) Consumer Choice Model, MA3T Project U.S. consumer demand for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) in competition among various light-duty vehicle technologies for hundreds of market segments based and multiple regions. For more information, contact the ORNL Energy and Transportation Science Division at http://www.ornl.gov/sci/ees/etsd/contactus.shtml References Retrieved from

268

U.S. Department of Energy and the Automotive X PRIZE Foundation to Promote  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Automotive X PRIZE Foundation to the Automotive X PRIZE Foundation to Promote Clean, Energy-Efficient Vehicles U.S. Department of Energy and the Automotive X PRIZE Foundation to Promote Clean, Energy-Efficient Vehicles March 20, 2008 - 10:52am Addthis DOE to invest $3.5 million in public outreach effort NEW YORK, NY - In an effort to engage students and the public on the significance of increasing the use of more clean, cutting-edge and energy-efficient vehicles to help transform our nation's transportation sector, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced plans to award nearly $3.5 million in a grant to the X PRIZE Foundation for the national education and outreach component of the Automotive X PRIZE (AXP) Education Program. The AXP, officially launched today, will award at least $10

269

Managing novelty at the interfaces between concept and product : case studies for the automotive industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appearance of the product is a discerning factor for the consumers purchase decisions. Time from concept to product creation is a critical factor in the competitive automotive industry. The period to develop a product is ...

Zarewych, Lara Daniv, 1972-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Experimental Verification of Deposition Models for Automotive Painting with Electrostatic Rotating Bell Atomizers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper documents the development, validation, and refinement of analytic deposition models for automotive spray painting, based largely on experimental work conducted in conjunction with the Ford Motor Com...

David C. Conner; Prasad N. Atkar; Alfred A. Rizzi…

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Benefits of Water-Fuel Emulsion on Automotive Diesel Exhaust Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water fuel emulsion is widely used to control pollutant emissions in large and medium diesel engines. The application of this fuel to small automotive engines has been limited by the emulsion stability and eco...

K. Lombaert; L. Le Moyne; P. Guibert…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Technical Assessment of Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems for Automotive Applications  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This technical report describes DOE's assessment of the performance and cost of compressed hydrogen storage tank systems for automotive applications. The on-board performance (by Argonne National Lab)

273

Technical Assessment of Organic Liquid Carrier Hydrogen Storage Systems for Automotive Applications  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

In 2007-2009, the DOE Hydrogen Program conducted a technical assessment of organic liquid carrier based hydrogen storage systems for automotive applications, consistent with the Program’s Multiyear Re

274

Multi-Domain Modeling and Simulation of Automotive Air Conditioning System Based On Modelica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The automotive air conditioning (AC) systems are complex systems where two-phase flow, pneumatic, mechanical and electrical components are coupled. Such systems coupled with various physical domains have great...

Jing Li; Yunqing Zhang…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

A design strategy applied to sulfur resistant lean NOxĚł automotive catalysts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Catalyst poisoning due to sulfur compounds derived from fuel sulfur presents a major challenge, intractable thus far, to development of many advanced technologies for automotive catalysts such as the lean NOx, trap. Under ...

Tang, Hairong

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

The impact of manufacturing offshore on technology development paths in the automotive and optoelectronics industries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents a two-case study of the impact of manufacturing offshore on the technology trajectory of the firm and the industry. It looks in particular at the automotive and optoelectronics industries. The ...

Fuchs, Erica R. H. (Erica Renee H.), 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

FMEA for the reliability of hydroformed flanged part for automotive application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tube hydroforming technology is widely used in the automotive industries due to its advantages such as weight reduction, increased strength, improved quality, and reduced tooling cost compared to conventional man...

Byeongdon Joo; Sangyun Kim; Suhee Kim…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Quenching and Partitioning Process Development to Replace Hot Stamping of High-Strength Automotive Steel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A combination of deep alloy development experience, designed experiments, computational tools, and characterization instruments will develop Quenching and Partitioning processing for Third-Generation Advanced High-Strength Steels (3GAHSS) in automotive applications.

279

Electrostatic coalescence of used automotive crankcase oil as an alternative to other separation processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents an initial investigation of using electrostatic coalescence as an alternative to conventional separation processes to purify used automotive crankcase oil. Specific emphasis of this study was the feasibility of this approach...

Dixon, John Leslie

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Progress in research on the performance and service life of batteries membrane of new energy automotive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Batteries membrane materials are widely used in new energy automotives such as hybrid vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, and pure electric vehicles. Membrane consists of two categories: fuel cell membrane (power unit)...

Yong Li; Jian Song; Jie Yang

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Parallelization of Automotive Engine Control Software On Embedded Multi-core Processor Using OSCAR Compiler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by parallel processing. To the best of our knowledge, parallel processing of the automotive control software. By this analysis, a macro-task graph (MTG) is generated for each macro-flow graph representing coarse grain task

Kasahara, Hironori

282

NSF/DOE Thermoelectrics Partnership: Thermoelectrics for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Development for commercialization of automotive thermoelectric generators from high-ZT TE materials with using low-cost, widely available materials, system design and modeling to maximize temperature differential across TE modules and maximize power output

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive absorption air Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Page 1 of 8 2011-xx-xxxx Summary: Page 1 of 8 2011-xx-xxxx Improving Compressed Air Energy Efficiency in Automotive Plants Nasr... . This paper describes typical...

284

DOE Materials-Based Hydrogen Storage Summit: Defining Pathways for Onboard Automotive Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Proceedings from the U.S. Department of Energy Materials-Based Hydrogen Storage Summit: Defining Pathways for Onboard Automotive Applications held January 27-28, 2015, at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado.

285

Experimental Investigation of Spark-Ignited Combustion with High-Octane Biofuels and EGR. 2. Fuel and EGR Effects on Knock-Limited Load and Speed  

SciTech Connect

The present study experimentally investigates spark-ignited combustion with 87 AKI E0 gasoline in its neat form and in midlevel alcohol gasoline blends with 24% vol/vol isobutanol gasoline (IB24) and 30% vol/vol ethanol gasoline (E30). A single-cylinder research engine is used with an 11.85:1 compression ratio, hydraulically actuated valves, laboratory intake air, and was capable of external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). Experiments were conducted with all fuels to full-load conditions with = 1, using both 0% and 15% external-cooled EGR. Higher octane number biofuel blends exhibited increased stoichiometric torque capability at this compression ratio, where the unique properties of ethanol enabled a doubling of the stoichiometric torque capability with E30 as compared to that of 87AKI, up to 20 bar IMEPg (indicating mean effective pressure gross) at = 1. The results demonstrate that for all fuels, EGR is a key enabler for increasing engine efficiency but is less useful for knock mitigation with E30 than for 87AKI gasoline or IB24. Under knocking conditions, 15% EGR is found to offer 1 CA of CA50 timing advance with E30, whereas up to 5 CA of CA50 advance is possible with knock-limited 87AKI gasoline. Compared to 87AKI, both E30 and IB24 are found to have reduced adiabatic flame temperature and shorter combustion durations, which reduce knocking propensity beyond that indicated by the octane number. However, E30+0% EGR is found to exhibit the better antiknock properties than either 87AKI+15% EGR or IB24+15% EGR, expanding the knock limited operating range and engine stoichiometric torque capability at high compression ratio. Furthermore, the fuel sensitivity (S) of E30 was attributed to reduced speed sensitivity of E30, expanding the low-speed stoichiometric torque capability at high compression ratio. The results illustrate that intermediate alcohol gasoline blends exhibit exceptional antiknock properties and performance beyond that indicated by the octane number tests, particularly E30.

Splitter, Derek A [ORNL] [ORNL; Szybist, James P [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Comparative thermodynamic and experimental study of some heavy metal behaviours during automotive shredder residues incineration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental and theoretical studies of the behaviour of some heavy metals were undertaken during Automotive Shredder Residues (ASR) incineration. A thermodynamic study at equilibrium was performed using a software minimizing the free Gibbs energy. The metals studied were barium, copper, lead and zinc. The studies were performed mostly at two temperatures: 1123 and 1373 K. The thermodynamic study showed that the chlorine content is the most important parameter influencing the volatility of the studied metals. It also showed that in default of chlorine in a system containing several metals, barium chloride in its condensed form is the most easily formed. Other metals remained in their metallic form or in the form of oxides. The presence of hydrogen in the system has a general limiting influence on the metal volatility because, especially at high temperatures, hydrogen chloride is more likely to be formed. In the experimental field, the behaviours of metals were studied using commercial polymers as waste models: a PVC mastic, a polyurethane mastic and a rubber powder. Copper and barium presented a non volatile behaviour during the incineration of waste matrixes as ASR, being present also in residual ash. On the other hand, lead was completely formed in the gas phase and zinc showed an equal partitioning between the two principal phases of the treatment. ©

G. Trouve; A. Kauffmann; L. Delfosse

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Retail Gasoline and Diesel Surveys Retail Gasoline and Diesel Surveys Definitions Key Terms Definition Conventional Area Any area that does not require the sale of reformulated gasoline. All types of finished motor gasoline may be sold in this area. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the reformulated gasoline category. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Note: this survey designates all motor gasoline collected within a conventional area as conventional gasoline (see conventional area). Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

288

Technology transfer effectiveness through international joint ventures (IJVs) to their component suppliers: a study of the automotive industry of Pakistan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates the important topic of technology transfer effectiveness from international joint ventures (IJVs) established in the automotive industry of Pakistan to their local… (more)

Khan, Sardar Zaheer Ahmad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Modular PM Motor Drives for Automotive Traction Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents modular permanent magnet (PM) motor drives for automotive traction applications. A partially modularized drive system consisting of a single PM motor and multiple inverters is described. The motor has multiple three-phase stator winding sets and each winding set is driven with a separate three-phase inverter module. A truly modularized inverter and motor configuration based on an axial-gap PM motor is then introduced, in which identical PM motor modules are mounted on a common shaft and each motor module is powered by a separate inverter module. The advantages of the modular approach for both inverter and motor include: (1) power rating scalability--one design meets different power requirements by simply stacking an adequate number of modules, thus avoiding redesigning and reducing the development cost, (2) increased fault tolerance, and (3) easy repairing. A prototype was constructed by using two inverters and an axial-gap PM motor with two sets of three-phase stat or windings, and it is used to assist the diesel engine in a hybrid electric vehicle converted from a Chevrolet Suburban. The effect of different pulse-width-modulation strategies for both motoring and regenerative modes on current control is analyzed. Torque and regenerative control algorithms are implemented with a digital signal processor. Analytical and initial testing results are included in the paper.

Su, G.J.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

290

Catalytic gasification of automotive shredder residues with hydrogen generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen is a clean and new energy carrier to generate power through the Proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) system. Hydrogen can be effectively turned out through the catalytic gasification of organic material such as automotive shredder residues (ASR). The main objective of this manuscript is to present an analysis of the catalytic gasification of ASR for the generation of high-purity hydrogen in a lab-scale fixed-bed downdraft gasifier using 15 wt.% NiO/Al2O3 catalysts at 760–900 K. In the catalytic gasification process, reduction of Ni(II) catalyst into Ni(0) has been confirmed through XANES spectra and consequently EXAFS data shows that the central Ni atoms have Ni–O and Ni–Ni bonds with bond distances of 2.03 ± 0.05 and 2.46 ± 0.05 Ĺ, respectively. ASR is partially oxidized and ultimately converts into hydrogen rich syngas (CO and H2) and increases of the reaction temperature are favored the generation of hydrogen with decomposition of the CO. As well, approximately 220 kg h?1 of ASR would be catalytically gasified at 760–900 K and 46.2 atm with the reactor volume 0.27 m3 to obtain approximately 3.42 × 105 kcal h?1 of thermal energy during over 87% syngas generation with the generation of 100 kW electric powers.

Kuen-Song Lin; Sujan Chowdhury; Ze-Ping Wang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Analysis of lead content in automotive shredder residue (ASR)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automotive shredder residue (ASR) is a very heterogeneous waste, which could have a very high metal content on finest fractions ?  < 6 mm produced by the shredding of end of live vehicles. The approval of Directive 2000/53/EC and its transposition to the European Union member states requires an analytical technique for in-situ checking of the content of some metals in ASR wastes. The objective of this study is the evaluation of total Pb content in the different fractions using a rapid measurement method to easily accomplish the current legislation. An experimental Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometer with tri-axial geometry was used to analyse the ASR in order to test the feasibility of this analytical technique. Likewise, a correction of the intensities by the incoherent scattering (Compton) radiation was made to compensate the matrix effects. The results show that values in the smaller fractions are bigger (11,600 mg kg?1 in the fraction <125 ?m) than in the coarser fractions (4600 mg kg?1 in the fraction between 2 and 6 mm) and that such type of instrumentation enables a fast measurement with a limit of detection of 1.1 mg kg?1 for 1000 s measurement).

Oscar Gonzalez-Fernandez; Sofia Pessanha; Ignacio Queralt; Maria Luisa Carvalho

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Valorization of automotive shredder residue in building materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Every year in EU nations, it is estimated that 3 million tonnes of automotive shredder residue (ASR) are generated. Half of the ASR is composed of rubber, textiles and plastics, which can be either transformed into alternative fuel or recycled. The second half, which is landfilled, is incombustible and has not yet been valorized. This waste contains 30% organic matter, as well as inorganic compounds such as quartz, calcite, magnetite, hematite, and anhydrite. It is also very rich in zinc (1–3.5%) and lead (0.7–3.3%). These elements are powerful retarders of ordinary Portland cement. For this reason, two ways of processing of this waste have been investigated: (1) transformation into aggregates after a thermal treatment followed by a chemical treatment or (2) directly into concrete with the use of calcium sulfoaluminate cement. This second way is especially very interesting for engineers and scientists. As established by leaching tests, zinc and lead are integrated and fixed in the structure of ettringite, the main hydration product of calcium sulfoaluminate cement. Therefore, it is possible to produce concrete for some applications including road construction from this currently landfilled “waste” (i.e., the ASR is shown to be useful recyclable material that can be converted into an environmentally friendly “green” concrete).

J. Péra; J. Ambroise; M. Chabannet

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Automotive shredder residue (ASR) characterization for a valuable management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Car fluff is the waste produced after end-of-life-vehicles (ELVs) shredding and metal recovery. It is made of plastics, rubber, glass, textiles and residual metals and it accounts for almost one-third of a vehicle mass. Due to the approaching of Directive 2000/53/EC recycling targets, 85% recycling rate and 95% recovery rate in 2015, the implementation of automotive shredder residue (ASR) sorting and recycling technologies appears strategic. The present work deals with the characterization of the shredder residue coming from an industrial plant, representative of the Italian situation, as for annual fluxes and technologies involved. The aim of this study is to characterize ASR in order to study and develop a cost effective and environmentally sustainable recycling system. Results show that almost half of the residue is made of fines and the remaining part is mainly composed of polymers. Fine fraction is the most contaminated by mineral oils and heavy metals. This fraction produces also up to 40% ashes and its LHV is lower than the plastic-rich one. Foam rubber represents around half of the polymers share in car fluff. Moreover, some chemical–physical parameters exceed the limits of some parameters fixed by law to be considered refuse derived fuel (RDF). As a consequence, ASR needs to be pre-treated in order to follow the energy recovery route.

Luciano Morselli; Alessandro Santini; Fabrizio Passarini; Ivano Vassura

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Production of aggregate from non-metallic automotive shredder residues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the results of an experimentation on the production of granules suitable to be used as aggregates in cementitious or asphalt mixes are presented and discussed. The granules were obtained by granulating the non-metallic fraction of automotive shredder residues. In a preliminary separation step the fluff fraction containing mainly inert and non-metallic materials was sieved and analyzed for the metal content. In the following granulation step, the sieved fraction was mixed with binding materials, fly ash and a densifier agent, to produce granules of 5–30 mm of diameter and up to 1400 kg/m3 of specific weight. The granulation was carried out at room temperature in a rotating tank. Concrete samples prepared using as aggregates the produced granules showed a specific weight up to 1800 kg/m3 and a compressive strength up to about 55% of reference samples prepared using a calcareous aggregate, depending on the fluff content of the mixes, and on the nature of the binder and of the other components used.

Vito Alunno Rossetti; Luca Di Palma; Franco Medici

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Fumigation of alcohol in a light duty automotive diesel engine  

SciTech Connect

A light-duty automotive diesel engine was fumigated with methanol and ethanol in amounts up to 35% and 50% of the total fuel energy respectively. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effect of alcohol (methanol and ethanol) fumigation on engine performance at various operating conditions. Engine fuel efficiency, emissions, smoke, and the occurrence of severe knock were the parameters used to evaluate performance. Raw exhaust particulate and its soluble organic extract were screened for biological activity using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium assay. Results are given for a test matrix made up of twelve steady-state operating conditions. For all conditions except the 1/4 rack (light load) condition, modest thermal efficiency gains were noted upon ethanol fumigation. Methanol showed the same increase at 3/4 and full rack (high load) conditions. However, engine roughness or the occurrence of severe knock limited the maximum amount of alcohol that could be fumigated. Brake specific NO/sub x/ concentrations were found to decrease for all ethanol conditions tested. Oxides of nitrogen emissions, on a volume basis, decreased for all alcohol conditions tested. Based on the limited particulate data analyzed, it appears as though ethanol fumigation, like methanol fumigation, while lowering the mass of particulate emitted, does enhance the biological activity of that particulate.

Broukhiyan, E.M.H.; Lestz, S.S.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Development of ceramic mixed potential sensors for automotive application  

SciTech Connect

Mixed potential sensors that utilize Gd{sub 0.2}Ce{sub 0.8}O{sub 2} electrolytes and patterned dense 1 {micro}m-thick LaMnO{sub 3} thin films were studied at 600 C and 1%O{sub 2}. The response to C{sub 3}H{sub 6} and CO of two different sensor configurations were studied continuously for 1000 hrs versus an air reference. Although two different current collection schemes and two different metal oxide electrode geometries were employed, the magnitude of the mixed potential generated by both sensors was remarkably similar. From previous work with Au-ceria-Pt mixed potential sensors, this behavior is attributed to precisely controlling the metal oxide electrode/solid electrolyte interface unlike the random interface produced when Au electrodes are used. Although doped ceria is not a suitable electrolyte for automotive exhaust gas applications, this work serves to illustrate design goals for zirconia-based sensors.

Brasha, E. (Eric); Mukundan, R. (Rangachary); Brown, D. R. (David R.); Garzon, F. H. (Fernando H.); Visser, J. (Jaco)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

User satisfaction modeling framework for automotive audio interfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Currently the research on product satisfaction is evolving to integrate pleasure and delight alongside other, more traditional needs. Pleasure and delight are emotional and hedonic benefits experienced by the user when interacting with the product. Thus, user satisfaction models have to deal with high complexity of product properties that collectively contribute to satisfaction. The formulation of these models has to include not only a proper taxonomy, but also the organization of such properties in categories and their relation to well defined satisfaction dimensions. Successful models would help to find out the most effective technical and design specifications (engineering parameters) that give shape to specific attributes of design, sometimes called “brand feelings”, defined in accordance with the business strategy. The objective of this paper is to present a user satisfaction modeling framework that deals with the complexity of an in-car user interface, namely the audio one. The proposed framework defines three distinct types of product properties: engineering parameters (P), perceived product attributes (A) and satisfaction dimensions (D) and presents a methodology to link the perceived product attributes (A) to satisfaction dimension (D). Relevance to industry Better understanding of the relationships between perceived and formal properties of automotive audio interfaces in order to contribute to better define their technical and design specifications.

José Gaspar; Mihail Fontul; Elsa Henriques; Arlindo Silva

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

The California greenhouse gas initiative and its implications to the automotive industry  

SciTech Connect

CAR undertook this investigation to better understand the costs and challenges of a local (state) regulation necessitating the implementation of alternative or advanced powertrain technology. CAR will attempt to add insight into the challenges that local regulations present to the automotive industry, and to contribute further to the discussion of how advanced powertrain technology may be used to meet such regulation. Any local law that (directly or indirectly) affects light duty motor vehicle fuel economy creates what in effect is a specialty market for powertrain technology. As such these small markets present significant challenges for automotive manufacturers. First, a small market with unique standards presents significant challenges to an industry that has sustained growth by relying on large volumes to achieve scale economies and deliver products at a cost acceptable to the consumer. Further, the challenges of the additional technology make it likely that any powertrain capable of meeting the stringent emissions standards will include costly additional components, and thus will be more costly to manufacture. It is likely that manufacturers would consider the following actions as steps to deliver products to meet the pending California regulatory requirements anticipated as a result of prior California legislation: (1) Substituting more fuel efficient vehicles: Bring in more efficient vehicles from global operations, while likely dropping existing domestic products. (2) Substituting powertrains: Add existing downsized engines (i.e. turbocharged versions, etc.) into California market-bound vehicles. (3) Powertrain enhancements: Add technology to current engine and transmission offerings to improve efficiency and reduce emissions. (4) Incorporating alternative powertrains into existing vehicle platforms: Develop a hybrid or other type of powertrain for an existing vehicle. (5) New powertrains and new platforms: Develop vehicles specifically intended to incorporate new powertrain technologies, materials and/or design (e.g. the General Motors EV1 or the Toyota Prius). These five actions represent the gamut from the least complicated solution to the most complex. They also generally represent the least expensive response to the most expensive. It is possible that the least expensive responses may be least likely to meet market demands while achieving required GHG emission limits. At the same time, the most expensive option may produce a vehicle that satisfies the GHG reduction requirements and meets some consumer requirements, but is far too costly to manufacture and sell profitably. The response of a manufacturer would certainly have to take market size, consumer acceptance, technology implication and cost, as well as internal capacities and constraints, into consideration. It is important to understand that individual companies may respond differently in the short term. However, it is probable that there would be a more consistent industry-wide response in the longer term. Options 1 and 2 present the simplest responses. A company may reach into its global portfolio to deliver vehicles that are more fuel-efficient. These vehicles are usually much smaller and significantly less powerful than current U.S. offerings. Industry respondents indicated that such a strategy may be possible but would likely be met with less than positive reaction from the buying public. A general estimate for the cost to homologize a vehicle--that is, to prepare an existing vehicle for entry into the United States provided all business conditions were met (reasonable product, capacity availability, etc.), would be approximately $50 million. Assuming an estimated cost for homologation to meet U.S. standards of $50 million and a 20,000 vehicle per year sales volume in California, the company would then incur a $2,500 per-vehicle cost to bring them into the market. A manufacturer may also choose to incorporate a more efficient powertrain into a vehicle already sold in the market. The costs associated with such a strategy would include reengineering

Smith, B. C.; Miller, R. T.; Center for Automotive Research

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

General Education GENERAL EDUCATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the pursuit of truth, the intellectual and ethical development of students, and the general well the consequences of human actions. E. Cross-Cultural Awareness Demonstrate the ability to critically compare

Stuart, Steven J.

300

A process for incorporating automotive shredder residue into thermoplastic mouldings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a process for utilising the waste that remains when all of the economically reclaimable materials have been recovered from automobiles that have reached the end of their lives. This waste material, known as automotive shredder residue (ASR), is currently disposed of in landfill sites but forthcoming environmental legislation in the European Union and elsewhere will drastically restrict the amount that can be disposed of in this way. By 2015, 80% of the ASR currently going to landfill must be recycled. The dual injection moulding process is used to mould a skin of virgin polymer over a compound containing the ASR which forms the core of a new component. Polypropylene (PP) was used as the skin material and also as the material to compound with the ASR. A 50%/50% mix by volume of PP and ASR granules was found to produce good results as the core material. Experiments were performed to vary the skin to core ratio in order to establish the effect of varying the proportion of ASR on the mechanical properties of mouldings. It was found that mouldings produced containing 25% by volume of ASR were visually excellent due to the pure PP skin. Inclusion of higher proportions of ASR by decreasing the skin:core thickness ratio was found to produce “breakthrough” of the ASR particles into the skin and test results were highly inconsistent. Using smaller proportions of ASR can be predicted to produce better mechanical properties but would have been contrary to the aim of developing a process capable of disposing of large quantities of ASR. It is concluded that recycling of ASR by using it as a core material in the dual injection moulding process is a feasible option for mouldings requiring good visual appearance but is not suited to components requiring significant strength.

S. Robson; T.C. Goodhead

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

REQUEST BY UNITED STATES AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS PARTNERSHIP (USAMP) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATES AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS STATES AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS PARTNERSHIP (USAMP) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS IN SUBJECT INVENTIONS MADE IN THE PERFORMANCE OF DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NUMBER DE-FC05-960R22363 AND FOR SUBJECT INVENTIONS MADE UNDER ITS SUBCONTRACTS WITH LARGE, FOR- PROFIT BUSINESSES; DOE WAIVER DOCKET W(A)-95-001 [ORO- 593] USAMP has made a timely request for an advance waiver to worldwide rights in Subject Inventions made in the performance of cooperative agreement DE-FC05-950R22363 and Subject Inventions made under its subcontracts with large, for-profit businesses. Background The award of this cooperative agreement has been made in response to an unsolicited proposal from USAMP entitled "Automotive Lightweight Materials Program" whose objectives are closely

302

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DELPHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DELPHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DELPHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER SUBCONTRACT QZ001 UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE-NT0003894; W(A)-09-061 ; CH1525 Delphi Automotive Systems LLC (Delphi), requests an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above subcontract. Delphi is a subcontractor to United Technologies under the referenced cooperative agreement. The purpose of the cooperative agreement is the development of solid oxide fuel (SOFC) cell and stack technology suitable for use in highly-efficient, economically-competitive central generation power plant facilities fueled by coal synthesis gas, (syngas). According to its response to question 2 of the petition, Delphi states that development of this technology will significantly advance the nation's

303

A critical review of developments in the pyrolysis of automotive shredder residue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Worldwide, automotive shredder residue (ASR) is considered an increasingly problematic mixture of materials that needs the development of a processing solution. Pyrolysis is a process that has many advantages to offer, but despite many studies and developments in recent years at various levels of commercialisation, it is still generally considered unproven for this purpose. This paper critically considers developmental work published in the field, presents new results, and suggests that a major reason for the lack of development is the complexity of the landscape created by strong, competing, economic, legislative, environmental and commercial drivers, which in turn make it unclear which products and processes are optimal. This is made doubly complex by the natural variation in the material composition of ASR, with contaminants that can critically affect its potential fate to anywhere in the range from hazardous waste, to energy source, to useful raw material for major cement or steel industries. New data on critical factors such as levels of chlorine and metals in raw and pyrolysed ASR are presented, alongside a much-needed summary of previously published values from references that are often difficult to source. The summaries emphasise the variation in the material, but also indicate rough boundaries for values, which are needed for the design of any potentially successful process. It is suggested that the heterogeneity seen across ASR types implies that specialised processing of SR on its own is unlikely. It is pointed out that small-scale processes that could be suitable for local requirements should be considered for development as they could be able to optimise a process sufficiently to make it viable, e.g. specialised local waste streams of paper pulp and a particular fraction of SR.

Marie K. Harder; Osric Tening Forton

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

The Integration of On-Line Monitoring and Reconfiguration Functions using IEEE1149.4 Into a Safety Critical Automotive Electronic Control Unit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Critical Automotive Electronic Control Unit C. Jeffrey1 , R Cutajar1 , S Prosser2 , M Lickess2 , A for the implementation of an embedded test solution for an Automotive Electronic Control Unit implemented as a fully the automotive market and physical environment puts pressure upon electronics design to ensure low cost, robust

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

305

Membrane Performance and Durability Overview for Automotive Fuel Cell Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presented by Tom Greszler of General Motors at the High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting, San Francisco, September 14, 2006.

306

Aluminum R&D for Automotive Uses And the Department of Energy's Role  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

157 157 ENERGY DIVISION Aluminum R&D for Automotive Uses And the Department of Energy's Role S.W. Hadley S. Das J.W. Miller March 2000 Prepared for the Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies Office of Transportation Technologies U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. Prepared by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6205 managed by LOCKHEED MARTIN ENERGY RESEARCH CORPORATION for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract DE-AC05-96OR22464 ii iii TABLE OF CONTENTS List of Tables................................................................................................................................... v List of Figures .................................................................................................................................

307

Status and Prospects of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Industry...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

revised version of the paper originally published in June 2013. DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department...

308

A simulation study integrated with analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in an automotive manufacturing system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A variety of circumstances, such as developing a new product, changing the design of an existing product, changing the production volume, or changing the product mix, can drive the need for a manufacturing system redesign. Simulation technology has been ... Keywords: analytic hierarchy process, automotive, manufacturing system design, simulation, transmission

Te Xu; Dug Hee Moon; Seung Geun Baek

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Use of Fault Tree Analysis for Automotive Reliability and Safety Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Fault tree analysis (FTA) evolved from the aerospace industry in the 1960's. A fault tree is deductive logic model that is generated with a top undesired event in mind. FTA answers the question, ''how can something occur?'' as opposed to failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) that is inductive and answers the question, ''what if?'' FTA is used in risk, reliability and safety assessments. FTA is currently being used by several industries such as nuclear power and chemical processing. Typically the automotive industries uses failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) such as design FMEAs and process FMEAs. The use of FTA has spread to the automotive industry. This paper discusses the use of FTA for automotive applications. With the addition automotive electronics for various applications in systems such as engine/power control, cruise control and braking/traction, FTA is well suited to address failure modes within these systems. FTA can determine the importance of these failure modes from various perspectives such as cost, reliability and safety. A fault tree analysis of a car starting system is presented as an example.

Lambert, H

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

310

AUTOMOTIVE POWERTRAIN CONTROL A SURVEY Jeffrey A. Cook, Jing Sun, Julia H. Buckland, Ilya V. Kolmanovsky,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-oriented models of gasoline and diesel engines and their aftertreatment systems are reviewed, and challenging approaches to systems engineering, aftertreatment, and control of advanced tech- nology gasoline and diesel engines, hybrid electric power- trains and automotive fuel cells. In each case, fundamental models

Peng, Huei

311

ESTIMATING THE IMPACT OF DEMOGRAPHICS AND AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIES ON GREENHOUSE GAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

McNally, MASc Candidate Bruce Hellinga, PhD, PEng Department of Civil Engineering University of Transportation Engineers to be held May 12-15, 2002 in Ottawa Ontario #12;1 Estimating the Impact of Demographics and Automotive Technologies on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Ryan McNally, MASc Candidate Bruce Hellinga, PhD, PEng

Hellinga, Bruce

312

CAE (computer aided engineering) driven durability model verification for the automotive structure development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Test/analysis correlation, in the refinement of finite element models to accord with test results of the modeled structure is an emerging field in the today's automotive industries. The accuracy of finite element analysis predictions in the linear and ... Keywords: CAE (computer aided engineering), Durability, EMBS (elastic multi body simulation), VPG (virtual proving ground), Vehicle body design

Dong-Chan Lee; Chang-Soo Han

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Fiber optic sensing technology for measuring in-cylinder pressure in automotive engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new fiber optic sensing technology for measuring in-cylinder pressure in automotive engines was investigated. The optic sensing element consists of two mirrors in an in-line single mode fiber that are separated by some distance. To withstand...

Bae, Taehan

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

314

A Consortium of the United States Council for Automotive Research Nondestructive Evaluation Steering Committee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Cover Photo: Pictured is a modern use of Nondestructive Evaluation for ensuring paint quality in an automotive assembly plant. Each of the two robots visible in the photograph is equipped with a pair to five paint layers at up to 100 points on the vehicle. This automated system provides timely feedback

Knowles, David William

315

Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program. Technical progress report for period January 1-March 29, 1980  

SciTech Connect

The activities performed on the Stirling Reference Engine System Design; components and subsystems; P-40 baseline Stirling engine installation and test; the first automotive engine to be built on the program; computer development activities; and technical assistance to the Government are summarized. The overall program philosophy is outlined, and data and results are given.

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

The Impact of Manufacturing Offshore on Technology Development Paths in the Automotive and Optoelectronics Industries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Impact of Manufacturing Offshore on Technology Development Paths in the Automotive Systems and Civil and Environmental Engineering #12;The Impact of Manufacturing Offshore on Technology of the impact of manufacturing offshore on the technology trajectory of the firm and the industry. It looks

de Weck, Olivier L.

317

Model-Driven Testing based on Markov Chain Usage Models in the Automotive Domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model-Driven Testing based on Markov Chain Usage Models in the Automotive Domain Sebastian Siegl) is employed by AUDI AG - one of the leading car manufacturers in Europe - to design and execute test cases for the purpose of component and system-testing. Test cases are specified using platform independent UML sequence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

318

4 - MEMS pressure and flow sensors for automotive engine management and aerospace applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Micromachined pressure and flow sensors for automotive and aerospace applications are covered in this chapter. MEMS design, fabrication and packaging are explored for these applications. Both new and developing MEMS sensors for high temperature, high pressure subsystems and related fuel quality sensors are included in this review.

D. Sparks

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Forecasting the Costs of Automotive PEM Fuel Cell Systems: Using Bounded Manufacturing Progress Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fuel cell stacks (Savote (1998)) Estimating manufactunng costfuel cell stacks, $20/kWfor fuel processors, and $20/kWfor "balance of plant" auxlhary components These costCosts of Automotive PEM Fuel Cell Systems (PEM)fuel cell stack

Lipman, Timonthy E.; Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

CONTROL-ORIENTED MODELING AND ANALYSIS FOR AUTOMOTIVE FUEL CELL SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTROL-ORIENTED MODELING AND ANALYSIS FOR AUTOMOTIVE FUEL CELL SYSTEMS Jay T. Pukrushpan Huei Peng of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2125 Email: pukrushp@umich.edu Abstract Fuel Cells are electrochemical regarded as a potential future stationary and mobile power source. The response of a fuel cell system

Peng, Huei

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Advanced High Energy and High Power Battery Systems for Automotive Applications Khalil Amine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geothermal 2.5 Wind 0.22 Solar 0.02 Coal 110 Natural Gas 107 Residential 50 Vehicle 39 Freight 40 Air 129.30am Advanced High Energy and High Power Battery Systems for Automotive Applications Khalil Amine electric drive Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (P-HEVs), long range electric vehi cle (EV) and sm art grid

Levi, Anthony F. J.

322

Hybrid and Hydrogen Vehicle Research Laboratory 21st Century Automotive Challenge April 17-19, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, fuel cell, or alternative fuel. And imagine that you also have the ability to buy and sell energy fromHybrid and Hydrogen Vehicle Research Laboratory 21st Century Automotive Challenge April 17-19, 2009 Contact: J.R. Anstrom, Ph.D., Director Hybrid and Hydrogen Vehicle Research Laboratory The Thomas D

Lee, Dongwon

323

5 kW Multilevel DC-DC Converter for Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Automotive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

automobile, there are many electrical loads grouped into two main categories depending on the voltages5 kW Multilevel DC-DC Converter for Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Automotive Applications Faisal H. Khan1,2 Leon M. Tolbert2 fkhan3@utk.edu tolbert@utk.edu 1 Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) 2

Tolbert, Leon M.

324

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center for Hybrid Electric Drivetrains and Control Strategies  

SciTech Connect

Beginning the fall semester of 1999, The University of Maryland, Departments of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering and the Institute for Systems Research served as a U.S. Department of Energy (USDOE) Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Center for Hybrid Electric Drivetrains and Control Strategies. A key goal was to produce a graduate level education program that educated and prepared students to address the technical challenges of designing and developing hybrid electric vehicles, as they progressed into the workforce. A second goal was to produce research that fostered the advancement of hybrid electric vehicles, their controls, and other related automotive technologies. Participation ended at the University of Maryland after the 2004 fall semester. Four graduate courses were developed and taught during the course of this time, two of which evolved into annually-taught undergraduate courses, namely Vehicle Dynamics and Control Systems Laboratory. Five faculty members from Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and the Institute for Systems Research participated. Four Ph.D. degrees (two directly supported and two indirectly supported) and seven Master's degrees in Mechanical Engineering resulted from the research conducted. Research topics included thermoelectric waste heat recovery, fuel cell modeling, pre- and post-transmission hybrid powertrain control and integration, hybrid transmission design, H{sub 2}-doped combustion, and vehicle dynamics. Many of the participating students accepted positions in the automotive industry or government laboratories involved in automotive technology work after graduation. This report discusses the participating faculty, the courses developed and taught, research conducted, the students directly and indirectly supported, and the publication list. Based on this collection of information, the University of Maryland firmly believes that the key goal of the program was met and that the majority of the participating students are now contributing to the advancement of automotive technology in this country.

David Holloway

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

325

Experimental Investigation of Spark-Ignited Combustion with High-Octane Biofuels and EGR. 1. Engine Load Range and Downsize Downspeed Opportunity  

SciTech Connect

The present study experimentally investigates spark-ignited combustion with 87 AKI E0 gasoline in its neat form and in midlevel alcohol gasoline blends with 24% vol/vol isobutanol gasoline (IB24) and 30% vol/vol ethanol gasoline (E30). A single-cylinder research engine was used with an 11.85:1 compression ratio, hydraulically actuated valves, laboratory intake air, and was capable of external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). Experiments were conducted with all fuels to full-load conditions with = 1, using both 0% and 15% external cooled EGR. Higher octane number biofuel blends exhibited increased stoichiometric torque capability at this compression ratio, where the unique properties of ethanol enabled a doubling of the stoichiometric torque capability with E30 as compared to 87 AKI, up to 20 bar IMEPg (indicated mean effective pressure gross) at = 1. EGR provided thermodynamic advantages and was a key enabler for increasing engine efficiency for all fuel types. However, with E30, EGR was less useful for knock mitigation than gasoline or IB24. Torque densities with E30 with 15% EGR at = 1 operation were similar or better than a modern EURO IV calibration turbo-diesel engine. The results of the present study suggest that it could be possible to implement a 40% downsize + downspeed configuration (1.2 L engine) into a representative midsize sedan. For example, for a midsize sedan at a 65 miles/h cruise, an estimated fuel consumption of 43.9 miles per gallon (MPG) (engine out 102 g-CO2/km) could be achieved with similar reserve power to a 2.0 L engine with 87AKI (38.6 MPG, engine out 135 g-CO2/km). Data suggest that, with midlevel alcohol gasoline blends, engine and vehicle optimization can offset the reduced fuel energy content of alcohol gasoline blends and likely reduce vehicle fuel consumption and tailpipe CO2 emissions.

Splitter, Derek A [ORNL] [ORNL; Szybist, James P [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2008 Update  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This report estimates fuel cell system cost for systems produced in the years 2006, 2010, and 2015, and is the second annual update of a comprehensive automotive fuel cell cost analysis.

327

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2008 Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Report estimates fuel cell system cost for systems produced in the years 2006, 2010, and 2015, and is the second annual update of a comprehensive automotive fuel cell cost analysis.

328

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2007 Update  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This report estimates fuel cell system cost for systems produced in the years 2007, 2010, and 2015, and is the first annual update of a comprehensive automotive fuel cell cost analysis.

329

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Application: 2009 Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report is the third annual update of a comprehensive automotive fuel cell cost analysis conducted by Directed Technologies (DTI), under contract to the US Department of Energy (DOE).

330

energy savings by the use of mtbe to replace alkylate in automotive gasolines  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents data on the differences in energy consumption in the production of leaded and unleaded AI-93 gasolines with various blend components. The authors investigate as high-octane components certain products that are more effective in use and less energy-consuming in production in comparison with alkylate. In particular, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is discussed; it is not poisonous, it has a high heat of combustion, and it does not attack materials of construction. The addition of 11% MTBE to gasoline lowers the cold start temperature of engines by 10-12 degrees. Moreover, no adjustment of the carburetor is required for the changeover to gasoline with 11% MTBE.

Englin, B.A.; Emel'yanov, V.E.; Terent'ev, G.A.; Vinogradov, A.M.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DELPHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UGCP-HO P.04,-07 UGCP-HO P.04,-07 * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DELPHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC36- 04G014319 ENTITLED "SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL DEVELOPMENT FOR AUXILLARY POWER IN HEAVY DUTY VEHICLE APPLICATIONS"; W(A)-04-082; CH-1261 As set out in the attached waiver petition and in subsequent discussions with DOE patent counsel, Delphi Automotive Systems, LLC (Delphi) has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above-identified cooperative agreement by its employees and its subcontractors' employees, regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L.

332

Technical Assessment of Organic Liquid Carrier Hydrogen Storage Systems for Automotive Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Assessment of Organic Liquid Carrier Hydrogen Storage Systems for Technical Assessment of Organic Liquid Carrier Hydrogen Storage Systems for Automotive Applications R. K. Ahluwalia, T. Q. Hua, and J-K Peng Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 M. Kromer, S. Lasher, K. McKenney, K. Law, and J. Sinha TIAX LLC, Lexington, MA 02421 June 21, 2011 Executive Summary In 2007-2009, the DOE Hydrogen Program conducted a technical assessment of organic liquid carrier based hydrogen storage systems for automotive applications, consistent with the Program's Multiyear Research, Development, and Demonstration Plan. This joint performance (ANL) and cost analysis (TIAX) report summarizes the results of this assessment. These results should be considered only in conjunction with the assumptions used in selecting, evaluating, and

333

ME EET Seminar: Real-time Predictive Control: From Automotive Systems to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real-time Predictive Control: From Automotive Systems to Real-time Predictive Control: From Automotive Systems to Energy Efficient Buildings Speaker(s): Francesco Borrelli Date: February 10, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Hybrid systems are heterogeneous systems that exhibit both continuous and discrete dynamics. Over the last eight years we have focused on the development of systematic, real-time, predictive controller synthesis techniques for hybrid systems with constraints. In this talk I will first summarize our theoretical efforts starting from constrained optimal control design for hybrid systems with constraints. Then, I will show how these results can be used in order to develop a theory for distributed predictive control for large-scale systems. The second part of the talk presents a range of applications where the proposed techniques were used with great

334

Technical Assessment of Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems for Automotive Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

09-33 09-33 Technical Assessment of Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems for Automotive Applications Nuclear Engineering Division About Argonne National Laboratory Argonne is a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357. The Laboratory's main facility is outside Chicago, at 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439. For information about Argonne

335

A Three-Phase Bidirectional DC-DC Converter for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a three-phase soft-switching, bidirectional dc-dc converter for high-power automotive applications. The converter employs dual three-phase active bridges and operates with a novel asymmetrical but fixed duty cycle for the top and bottom switches of each phase leg. Simulation and experimental data on a 6-kW prototype are included to verify the novel operating and power flow control principles.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program. Quarterly technical progress report for period June 29-October 3, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Current information on component and subsystems development activities and engine and vehicle testing during July to October 1980 in the Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program is reported. Computer code development progress is also covered. The status of the manufacture of the Mod I is given in some detail. Program engine operating hours through the end of this quarterly period reach a total of 6181 h.

Not Available

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

The Automotive X Prize rolls into Washington, DC 09/16/10 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Automotive X Prize rolls into Washington, DC 09/16/10 The Automotive X Prize rolls into Washington, DC 09/16/10 The Automotive X Prize rolls into Washington, DC 09/16/10 Addthis ProgressiveXPrizeEvent_September_16_2010_Peraves_187mpg 1 of 39 ProgressiveXPrizeEvent_September_16_2010_Peraves_187mpg IMG_8811 2 of 39 IMG_8811 IMG_8894 3 of 39 IMG_8894 IMG_8918 4 of 39 IMG_8918 X Prize 003 5 of 39 X Prize 003 X Prize 004 6 of 39 X Prize 004 X Prize 005 7 of 39 X Prize 005 X Prize 014 8 of 39 X Prize 014 X Prize 015 9 of 39 X Prize 015 X Prize 016 10 of 39 X Prize 016 X Prize 018 11 of 39 X Prize 018 X Prize 021 12 of 39 X Prize 021 X Prize 022 13 of 39 X Prize 022 X Prize 023 14 of 39 X Prize 023 X Prize 026 15 of 39 X Prize 026 X Prize 027 16 of 39 X Prize 027 X Prize 029 17 of 39 X Prize 029 X Prize 035 18 of 39 X Prize 035 X Prize 039 19 of 39 X Prize 039

338

Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program. Technical progress report, March 30-June 28, 1980  

SciTech Connect

The DOE/NASA Automotive Stirling Engine Development program has been underway for approximately 27 months. This is the ninth quarterly report to be issued, and it covers the period of March 30-June 28, 1980. The previous quarterly report presented information on the Reference Engine design and the design of the ASE Mod I (Automotive Stirling Engine Model No. I) as presented to NASA in January 1980. The report also reviewed component and subsystem development activities, the testing of the baseline P-40 engines, the progress being made on computer code developments, and its presented data on the screening of potential seals materials. This quarterly report presents updated information on the Reference Engine and the ASE Mod I as presented to NASA at the Design Review Meeting held in May. NASA has approved the updated Reference Engine and ASE Mod I designs, and manufacturing/procurement has started. The ASE Mod I is the program's first Stirling engine designed specifically for automotive use; it is a steppingstone to the program's final prototype engine, the ASE Mod II. Current information is presented on component and subsystems development activities and engine and vehicle testing. Computer code development progress is also covered. Program engine operating hours through the end of this quarterly period (through June 28, 1980) reached a total of 5095 h.

Not Available

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Advanced high temperature materials for the energy efficient automotive Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect

The Stirling engine is under investigation jointly by the Department of Energy and NASA Lewis as an alternative to the internal combustion engine for automotive applications. The Stirling engine is an external combustion engine that offers the advantage of high fuel economy, low emissions, low noise, and low vibrations compared to current internal combustion automotive engines. The most critical component from a materials viewpoint is the heater head consisting of the cylinders, heating tubes, and regenerator housing. Materials requirements for the heater head include compatibility with hydrogen, resistance to hydrogen permeation, high temperature oxidation/corrosion resistance and high temperature creep-rupture and fatigue properties. A continuing supporting materials research and technology program has identified the wrought alloys CG-27 and 12RN72 and the cast alloys XF-818 and NASAUT 4G-A1 as candidate replacements for the cobalt containing alloys used in current prototype engines. Based on the materials research program in support of the automotive Stirling engine it is concluded that manufacture of the engine is feasible from low cost iron-base alloys rather than the cobalt alloys used in prototype engines. This paper will present results of research that led to this conclusion.

Titran, R.H.; Stephens, J.R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Development of Integrated Die Casting Process for Large Thin-Wall Magnesium Applications Enabling Production of Lightweight Magnesium Parts for Near-Term Automotive Applications, April 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Development of Integrated Die Casting Process for Large Thin-Wall Magnesium Applications Enabling Production of Lightweight Magnesium Parts for Near-Term Automotive Applications

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Status and Prospects of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Industry and Plans for Deployment of Fuel Cell Vehicles and Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report by Oak Ridge National Laboratory assesses the current status of automotive fuel cell technology and the plans for the deployment of refueling infrastructure.

342

Status and Outlook for the U.S. Non-Automotive Fuel Cell Industry: Impacts of Government Policies and Assessment of Future Opportunities  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

Non-Automotive Fuel Cell Industry, Government Policy and Future Opportunities. Fuel cells (FCs)are considered essential future energy technologies by developed and developing economies alike. Several

343

Process for reforming naphthene and paraffin-containing hydrocarbons in the naphtha boiling range and isomerizing C sub 5 -C sub 6 normal paraffin feedstock to produce a high octane gasoline  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a process for reforming a naphthenic and paraffin-containing hydrocarbon feedstock to produce a reformate product having an increased octane rating by contacting the feedstock with a reforming catalyst in the presence of hydrogen at reforming conditions in a reforming zone, the reforming zone including a naphtha dehydrogenation zone and a paraffin dehydrocyclization zone wherein heated, pressurized hydrogen is added to the effluent stream from the naphtha dehydrogenation zone prior to charging the effluent stream to the paraffin dehydrocyclization zone to produce a first product stream comprising a gasoline range reformate product having an RON octane rating of at least about 90 and hydrogen wherein the reformate product is separated from the hydrogen in a reformate separation zone. It comprises: charging at least a portion of the heated, pressurized hydrogen with a C{sub 5}-C{sub 6} n-paraffin feedstock to an isomerization zone containing an isomerization catalyst at isomerization conditions to produce a second product stream containing an isomerized C{sub 5}-C{sub 6} product and passing the second product stream to the reformate separation zone and recovering at least a major portion of the isomerized C{sub 5}-C{sub 6} product with the reformate product.

Dalson, M.H.

1990-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

344

Investigation and demonstration of the durability of air plasma pre-treatment on polypropylene automotive bumpers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Higher utilisation of low-density materials such as polymers and polymer composites is a pre-requisite for the lightweight vehicle of the future. Of the commodity polymers polypropylene (PP) is by far the most attractive for the automotive industry. Additionally, PP can be utilised as a glass or mineral filled composite which may be used for semi-structural applications. A major problem is that PP (along with other polyolefins) has a non-polar surface chemistry which means the wetting characteristics of components made from this material are poor. Ultimately, this will result in poor adhesion of paints, coatings or adhesive bonding products. This problem has been overcome in the majority of instances by treating the surface of the substrate in order to alter the surface chemistry. PP has found extensive use as films and flat sheets and hence certain techniques such as flame and corona have been favoured despite both having problems of heterogeneous or patchy treatment across a surface. However, for complex 3-D automotive shapes, such as bumpers, these methods are less useful. While flame treatment for example is widely used it has several disadvantages in a commercial volume production environment which all centre around the potential for the part to undergo overtreatment, incipient melting or melting during machine stops etc., as well as the hazards associated with combustible gas. An alternative method is atmospheric plasma pre-treatment. This work has investigated the effect of a forced air plasma pre-treatment on surface chemistry and bond strength of a commercial grade polypropylene material. The plasma head was attached to a robot arm which makes it highly suited to continuous production environments and can treat complex surfaces. A range of translation speeds were investigated and the surface chemistry and topography of the treated surfaces were examined using atomic force microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The processing was further optimised by single lap-shear testing. An optimised set of parameters was used to pre-treat and bond a full size automotive bumper assembly with a polyurethane (PU) adhesive. Bumpers were then subjected to a standard automotive range of climate conditioning as well as soaking at ?20°C and 70°C before front centre impact testing. Parts pre-treated and bonded using this pre-treatment and adhesive system, successfully passed all the required standard automotive impact tests. For added benefit, it was also found that the open time of the pre-treatment was 1 week depending on storage conditions.

Rebecca Stewart; Vannessa Goodship; Felicity Guild; Martyn Green; Jeff Farrow

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Methanol fumigation of a light duty automotive diesel engine  

SciTech Connect

An Oldsmobile 5.7 l V-8 diesel engine was fumigated with methanol in amounts up to 40% of the fuel energy. The primary objectives of this study were to determine the effect of methanol fumigation on fuel efficiency, smoke, nitric oxide emission, and the occurrence of severe knock. An assessment of the biological activity for samples of the raw exhaust particulate and its soluable organic extract was also made using both the Ames Salmonella typhimurium test and the Bacillus subtilis Comptest. Results are presented for a test matrix consisting of twelve steady state operating conditions chosen to reflect over-the-road operation of a diesel engine powered automobile. Generally methanol fumigation was found to decrease NO emission for all conditions, to have a slight effect on smoke opacity, and to have a beneficial effect on fuel efficiency at higher loads. Also at higher loads the methanol was found to induce what was defined as knock limited operation. While the biological activity of the raw particulate was generally found to be lower than that of the soluble organic fraction, the fumigation of methanol appears to enhance this activity in both cases.

Houser, K.R.; Lestz, S.S.; Dukovich, M.; Yasbin, R.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

General Engineers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

General Engineers General Engineers The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) within the Department of Energy has forged a world-class information program that stresses quality, teamwork, and employee growth. In support of our program, we offer a variety of profes- sional positions, including the General Engineer, whose work is associated with analytical studies and evaluation projects pertaining to the operations of the energy industry. Responsibilities: General Engineers perform or participate in one or more of the following important functions: * Design modeling systems to represent energy markets and the physical properties of energy industries * Conceive, initiate, monitor and/or conduct planning and evaluation projects and studies of continuing and future

347

The ARPA-E Innovation Model: A Glimpse into the Future of Automotive Battery Technology  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) focuses on funding game-changing R&D aimed at reducing U.S. foreign energy dependence and emissions. ARPA-E has made a strong commitment to support breakthrough energy storage technologies that can accelerate the mass adoption of electrified vehicles. This presentation will highlight the range of ARPA-E's efforts in this area, offering a glimpse into the ARPA-E innovation model and the future of automotive battery technology.

Gur, Ilan (Program Director and Senior Advisor, ARPA-E)

2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

348

General Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... principally in the Journal of the Franklin Institute. These ideas relate to a study of thermodynamics from what the author calls a generalized point of view, which concerns itself with ... from what the author calls a generalized point of view, which concerns itself with the thermodynamics of metastable states and irreversible processes as wall as with the stable states and reversible ...

R. W. HAYWOOD

1956-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

349

Risk Profiles for the Pre-series Logistics in Automotive Ramp-up Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The increasing complexity and shortening process duration of ramp-up projects in the automotive industry causes research and industry since years to optimise the ramp-up phase and develop supporting methodologies. Risk management seems to be a promising approach to identify and analyse critical processes. This paper presents a risk survey approach, based on the knowledge of existing methodologies for the ramp-up management. The applicability of these methods and tools depends on the project-specific risks within the sub-processes of the ramp-up phase. Hence, suitable indicators are necessary to monitor the risk drivers and sources and thus to identify the risks. Nevertheless, the adoption of suitable indicators from these sets for an individual pre-series project requires the derivation of a specific risk profile. Based on a framework of pre-series logistics sub-processes a survey approach will be presented, allowing to deduce risk profiles for ramp-up projects. Following, the results of an exemplary survey, which has been conducted at a German premium automotive manufacturer and the resulting logistical risk profile are presented. The paper concludes with a summary and an outlook on further research.

Patrick Filla; Katja Klingebiel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 16(3) 416 423 (2008) Multiscale Characterization of Automotive Surface Coating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

behaviors of the material, process, and product in a wide spectrum of length and time. Case studies during manufac- turing. This has forced the current quality control practice to rely only on post-process of Automotive Surface Coating Formation for Sustainable Manufacturing* Jie XIAO, Jia LI, Cristina Piluso

Huang, Yinlun

351

Model-Based Testing of Automotive Electronic Control Units Ghmann, Clemens {clemens.guehmann@tu-berlin.de}  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model-Based Testing of Automotive Electronic Control Units Gühmann, Clemens {clemens.guehmann@tu-berlin.de} Technische Universität Berlin, Department of Electronic Measurement and Diagnostic Technology Einsteinufer 17 by networking electronic control units (ECUs), and by implementation of the functions distributed throughout

Wichmann, Felix

352

Modeling foreign economic policy in strategic setting: the automotive industry of the U.S. and Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. For this study, I examined a specific case study in which the U.S. was in a dispute with a foreign country and how the U.S. dealt with the situation. This particular dispute spans a timeline of 15 years and involves the automotive industry of Japan and the U...

Au-Young, Marie Lily

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

353

The specifics of the application of the failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) in the automotive industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Failure Mode and Effects Analysis method is one of the inductive failure analysis instruments, with a wide applicability in all industrial fields. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the current stage of the FMEA research and application in ... Keywords: FMEA software, automotive industry, failure mode and effects analysis, knowledge bases, reliability, risk management

B. S. Neagoe; I. Martinescu

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Low-power DSP system for real-time correction of fish-eye cameras in automotive driver assistance applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of an embedded system for real-time correction of fish-eye effect is presented. The fish-eye lens is applied to driver assistance video systems because of its wide-angled view. A large field of view can reduce the number of cameras needed ... Keywords: Automotive, Driver assistance, Fish-eye, Real-time video processing, Video correction

Mauro Turturici, Sergio Saponara, Luca Fanucci, Emilio Franchi

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

General Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ASD General Information ASD General Information APS Resources & Information A list of useful links for APS staff and users. APS Technical Publications Links to APS technical publications. APS Publications Database The official and comprehensive source of references for APS-related journal articles, conference papers, book chapters, dissertations, abstracts, awards, invited talks, etc. Image Library A collection of APS images. Responsibilities & Interfaces for APS Technical Systems Descriptions of the responsibilities of APS technical groups and how they interface with one another. APS Procedures Operational procedures for the APS. APS Specifications Specifications and approvals for upgrades or changes to existing APS hardware and software. APS Radiation Safety Policy & Procedures Committee Minutes

356

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Application  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H 2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2008 Update March 26, 2009 v.30.2021.052209 Prepared by: Brian D. James & Jeffrey A. Kalinoski One Virginia Square 3601 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 650 Arlington, Virginia 22201 703-243-3383 Prepared for: Contract No. GS-10F-0099J to the U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program Foreword Energy security is fundamental to the mission of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles have the potential to eliminate the need for oil in the transportation sector. Fuel cell vehicles can operate on hydrogen, which can be produced domestically, emitting less greenhouse gas and pollutants than

357

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DELPHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS (DELPHII) FOR AN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DELPHII) FOR AN DELPHII) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NUMBER DE-FC04-02AL67633, DOE WAIVER NO. W(A) 01-040. The Petitioner, Delphi, a subcontractor to Electricore, Inc (Electricore), has requested a waiver of all domestic and foreign patent rights to inventions that it may conceive or first reduce to practice in the course of work under Cooperative Agreement Number DE- FC04-02L67633 entitled "Lower Cost Wide Range Oxygen Sensor" with the U S. Department of Energy (DOE). The work to be done will be the development of a robust oxygen sensor for use in direct injection light duty diesel engines. The program goal is to create a low cost, wide range oxygen sensor compatible with high volume automotive use. Such sensors would be a

358

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DELPHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2NT41246; W(A) 03-021 ; CH-1147 2NT41246; W(A) 03-021 ; CH-1147 As set out in the attached waiver petition and in subsequent discussions with DOE Patent Counsel, Delphi Automotive Systems, L.L.C (Delphi) has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above subject cooperative agreement. The waiver will apply to inventions made by Delphi employees and its subcontractors' employees, regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517, as amended, and National Laboratories. Referring to item 2 of Delphi's petition, the purpose of this agreement is to develop 5 kW Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) power systems for a range of fuels and applications. These

359

Technical Assessment of Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems for Automotive Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ANL-10/24 ANL-10/24 Technical Assessment of Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems for Automotive Applications Nuclear Engineering Division About Argonne National Laboratory Argonne is a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357. The Laboratory's main facility is outside Chicago, at 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439. For information about Argonne and its pioneering science and technology programs, see www.anl.gov. Availability of This Report This report is available, at no cost, at http://www.osti.gov/bridge. It is also available on paper to the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, for a processing fee, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information

360

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DELPHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1NT41022; W(A)-03-022; CH-1146 1NT41022; W(A)-03-022; CH-1146 As set out in the attached waiver petition and in subsequent discussions with DOE Patent Counsel, Delphi Automotive Systems, L.L.C (Delphi) has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above subject cooperative agreement. The waiver will apply to inventions made by Delphi employees and its subcontractors' employees, regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517, as amended, and National Laboratories. Referring to item 2 of Delphi's petition, the purpose of this agreement is the development of interconnects for solid oxide fuel cell systems. Delphi will investigate materials for the metal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Power Modulation Investigation for High Temperature (175-200 degrees Celcius) Automotive Application  

SciTech Connect

Hybrid electric vehicles were re-introduced in the late 1990s after a century dominated by purely internal combustion powered engines[1]. Automotive players, such as GM, Ford, DaimlerChrysler, Honda, and Toyota, together with major energy producers, such as BPAmoco, were the major force in the development of hybrid electric vehicles. Most notable was the development by Toyota of its Prius, which was launched in Japan in 1997 and worldwide in 2001. The shift to hybrids was driven by the fact that the sheer volume of vehicles on the road had begun to tax the ability of the environment to withstand the pollution of the internal combustion engine and the ability of the fossil fuel industry to produce a sufficient amount of refined gasoline. In addition, the number of vehicles was anticipated to rise exponentially with the increasing affluence of China and India. Over the last fifteen years, major advances have been made in all the technologies essential to hybrid vehicle success, including batteries, motors, power control and conditioning electronics, regenerative braking, and power sources, including fuel cells. Current hybrid electric vehicles are gasoline internal combustion--electric motor hybrids. These hybrid electric vehicles range from micro-hybrids, where a stop/start system cuts the engine while the vehicle is stopped, and mild hybrids where the stop/start system is supplemented by regenerative braking and power assist, to full hybrids where the combustion motor is optimized for electric power production, and there is full electric drive and full regenerative braking. PSA Peugeot Citroen estimates the increased energy efficiency will range from 3-6% for the micro-hybrids to 15-25% for the full hybrids.[2] Gasoline-electric hybrids are preferred in US because they permit long distance travel with low emissions and high gasoline mileage, while still using the existing refueling infrastructure. One of the most critical areas in which technology has been advancing has been the development of electronics that can operate in the high temperature environments present in hybrid vehicles. The temperatures under the hood for a gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle are comparable to those for traditional internal combustion engines. This is known to be a difficult environment with respect to commercial-grade electronics, as there are surface and ambient temperatures ranging from 125 C to 175 C. In addition, some hybrid drive electronics are placed in even harsher environments, such as on or near the brakes, where temperatures can reach 250 C. Furthermore, number of temperature cycles experienced by electronics in a hybrid vehicle is different from that experienced in a traditional vehicle. A traditional internal combustion vehicle will have the engine running for longer periods, whereas a mild or micro-hybrid engine will experience many more starts and stops.[3] This means that hybrid automotive electronics will undergo more cycles of a potential wider temperature cycle than standard automotive electronics, which in turn see temperature cycles of 2 to 3 times the magnitude of the {Delta}T = 50 C-75 C experienced by commercial-grade electronics. This study will discuss the effects of these harsh environments on the failure mechanisms and ultimate reliability of electronic systems developed for gasoline-electric hybrid vehicles. In addition, it will suggest technologies and components that can reasonably be expected to perform well in these environments. Finally, it will suggest areas where further research is needed or desirable. Areas for further research will be highlighted in bold, italic type. It should be noted that the first area where further research is desirable is in developing a clearer understanding of the actual hybrid automotive electronics environment and how to simulate it through accelerated testing, thus: Developing specific mission profiles and accelerated testing protocols for the underhood environment for hybrid cars, as has previously been done for gasoline-powered vehicles, is an important area for further st

McCluskey, F. P.

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

362

Development of flame retarded self-reinforced composites from automotive shredder plastic waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multilayered self-reinforced composites were developed from a density-separated light fraction of automotive shredder waste of high polyolefin content, which can fulfil the current technical, safety and environmental requirements of structural materials. The significantly enhanced mechanical properties of the recycled composites were ensured by polypropylene fabric reinforcement; meanwhile, reduced flammability was obtained by modifying the matrix layers, made of secondary raw materials, with phosphorous-containing flame retardant additive. The results of the new flame retarded composite systems allowed the discussion of a novel mechanistic observation. The mechanical and flammability properties of the prepared self-reinforced composites are compared to conventional glass fabric reinforced composites and to compounds without reinforcement.

Katalin Bocz; Andrea Toldy; Ákos Kmetty; Tamás Bárány; Tamás Igricz; György Marosi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

AISI/DOE Technology Roadmap Program: Improved Surface Quality of Exposed Automotive Sheet Steels  

SciTech Connect

Surface quality of sheet steels is an important economic and technical issue for applications such as critical automotive surfaces. This project was therefore initiated to develop a more quantitative methodology for measuring surface imperfections, and to assess their response to forming and painting, particularly with respect to their visibility or invisibility after painting. The objectives were met, and included evaluation of a variety of imperfections present on commercial sheet surfaces or simulated using methods developed in the laboratory. The results are expected to have significant implications with respect to the methodology for assessing surface imperfections, development of quantitative criteria for surface inspection, and understanding and improving key painting process characteristics that influence the perceived quality of sheet steel surfaces.

John G. Speer; David K. Matlock; Noel Meyers; Young-Min Choi

2002-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

364

Automotive Stirling engine Mod I design-review report. Volume II  

SciTech Connect

Volume No. 2 of the Automotive Stirling Engine Mod I Design Review Report contains descriptions of the operating principles, performance requirements and design details of the auxiliaries and control systems for the MOD I Stirling engine system. These components and sub-systems have the following main functions: provide the required fuel and air flows for a well controlled combustion process, generating heat to the Stirling cycle; provide a driver acceptable method for controlling the power output of the engine; provide adequate lubrication and cooling water circulation; generate the electric energy required for engine and vehicle operation; provide a driver acceptable method for starting, stopping and monitoring the engine; and provide a guard system, that protects the engine at component or system malfunction.

Not Available

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

High-tech marketing communication in the automotive industry: a content analysis of print advertisements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Appropriate marketing communication is critical for the success of a product. Especially in high-tech markets, the adoption of new products is challenging, as customers' willingness to buy a product can be hindered by a lack of knowledge and experience. The choice of information content given in advertisements is, therefore, crucial. Despite its importance, research on advertising in high-tech markets is still underrepresented. The aim of this study is, hence, to examine advertising activities of high-tech products. As research object, print advertisements of OEMs from the automotive industry have been chosen, as cars are technologically advanced products, which incorporate a wide range of technologies. Based on an explorative content analysis, 708 car print advertisements, published between 2005 and 2012, are examined. The findings show, e.g., that value and user experience is the most frequently found information cue, whereas price and safety aspects are only communicated in the minority of the analysed advertisements.

Christian Vincenzo Baccarella; Christian Willi Scheiner; Timm Florian Trefzger; Kai-Ingo Voigt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Overview of DOE'S programs on aluminum and magnesium for automotive application  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy will present an update and review of its programs in aluminum and magnesium for automotive and heavy-duty vehicle applications. While the main programs focused on vehicle materials are in the Office of Transportation Technologies, contributing efforts will be described in the DOE Office of Industrial Technologies and the DOE Office of Energy Research. The presentation will discuss materials for body/chassis and power train, and will highlight the considerable synergy among the efforts. The bulk of the effort is on castings, sheet, and alloys with a smaller focus on metal matrix composites. Cost reduction and energy savings are the overriding themes of the programs.

Carpenter, J.; Diamond, S.; Dillich, S.; Fitzsimmons, T.; Milliken, J.; Sklad, P.

1999-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

367

Evaluation of asthmatic volunteers' pulmonary responses to effluents from automotive airbags  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deploying automotive airbags release potential respiratory irritants at high concentrations. We evaluated the respiratory irritancy of six contemporary prototype driver/passenger airbag systems, using a previously established USA auto industry protocol for human testing. For each system, ten volunteers with asthma were exposed individually inside an automobile passenger compartment, during deployment and for 20 minutes afterwards. Symptoms and lung function were monitored for two hours after exposure. All airbag systems fulfilled the established standard of no more than three in ten subjects with positive response (defined as clinically meaningful lung function disturbance plus increased asthma symptoms). Three systems evoked no positive responses. Statistically significant (P<0.005) differences in lung function and symptom responses between systems were not accurately predictable from measured pollutant concentrations. Conclusions: contemporary airbag designs vary appreciably in their potential to provoke asthma. Airbag testing with potentially susceptible human subjects can be useful in pre-market evaluation.

William S. Linn; Henry Gong; Kenneth W. Clark; Karen R. Anderson

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Engine coolant compatibility with the nonmetals found in automotive cooling systems  

SciTech Connect

High temperature, short term immersion testing was used to determine the impact of propylene and ethylene glycol base coolants on the physical properties of a variety of elastomeric and thermoplastic materials found in automotive cooling systems. The materials tested are typically used in cooling system hoses, radiator end tanks, and water pump seals. Traditional phosphate or borate-buffered silicated coolants as well as extended-life organic acid formulations were included. A modified ASTM protocol was used to carry out the testing both in the laboratory and at an independent testing facility. Post-test fluid chemistry including an analysis of any solids which may have formed is also reported. Coolant impact on elastomer integrity as well as elastomer-induced changes in fluid chemistry were found to be independent of the coolant`s glycol base.

Greaney, J.P.; Smith, R.A. [ARCO Chemical Co., Newtown Square, PA (United States)

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

The influence of surface topography on the forming friction of automotive aluminum sheet  

SciTech Connect

Interest in utilizing aluminum alloys in automobiles has increased in recent years as a result of the desire to lower automobile weight and, consequently, increase fuel economy. While aluminum alloy use in cast parts has increased, outer body panel applications are still being investigated. The industry is interested in improving the formability of these sheet alloys by a combination of alloy design and processing. A different avenue of improving the formability of these alloys may be through patterning of the sheet surface. Surface patterns hold the lubricant during the forming process, with a resulting decrease in the sheet-die surface contact. While it has been speculated that an optimum surface pattern would consist of discrete cavities, detailed investigation into the reduction of forming friction by utilizing discrete patterns is lacking. A series of discrete patterns were investigated to determine the dependence of the forming friction of automotive aluminum alloys on pattern lubricant carrying capacity and on material strength. Automotive aluminum alloys used in outer body panel applications were rolled on experimental rolls that had been prepared with a variety of discrete patterns. All patterns for each alloy were characterized before and after testing both optically and, to determine pattern lubricant capacity, using three dimensional laser profilometry. A draw bead simulation (DBS) friction tester was designed and fabricated to determine the forming friction of the patterned sheets. Tensile testing and frictionless DBS testing were performed to ascertain the material properties of each sheet. The most striking result of this work was the inversely linear dependence of forming friction on the lubricant carrying capacity of the discrete patterns.

Kramer, P.A. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering; [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Submission to NSF, NIST, USCAR Cyber Physical Systems Workshop, 17-18 March 2011: Workshop for Developing Dependable and Secure Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems from Components.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emissions and energy consumption - constraints to be checked during the development process. Once identified of automotive vehicle safety are within the ambit of the functional safety prescriptions which require

Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

371

The hydrogen value chain: applying the automotive role model of the hydrogen economy in the aerospace sector to increase performance and reduce costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen will assume a key role in Europe's effort to adopt its energy dependent society to satisfy its needs without releasing vast amounts of greenhouse gases. The paradigm shift is so paramount that one speaks of the “Hydrogen Economy”, as the energy in this new and ecological type of economy is to be distributed by hydrogen. However, H2 is not a primary energy source but rather an energy carrier, a means of storing, transporting and distributing energy, which has to be generated by other means. Various H2 storage methods are possible; however industries' favourite is the storage of gaseous hydrogen in high pressure tanks. The biggest promoter of this storage methodology is the automotive industry, which is currently preparing for the generation change from the fossil fuel internal combustion engines to hydrogen based fuel cells. The current roadmaps foresee a market roll-out by 2015, when the hydrogen supply infrastructure is expected to have reached a critical mass. The hydrogen economy is about to take off as being demonstrated by various national mobility strategies, which foresee several millions of electric cars driving on the road in 2020. Fuel cell cars are only one type of “electric car”, battery electric as well as hybrid cars – all featuring electric drive trains – are the others. Which type of technology is chosen for a specific application depends primarily on the involved energy storage and power requirements. These considerations are very similar to the ones in the aerospace sector, which had introduced the fuel cell already in the 1960s. The automotive sector followed only recently, but has succeeded in moving forward the technology to a level, where the aerospace sector is starting considering to spin-in terrestrial hydrogen technologies into its technology portfolio. Target areas are again high power/high energy applications like aviation, manned spaceflight and exploration missions, as well as future generation high power telecommunication satellites. Similar trends can be expected in the future for RADAR Earth Observation satellites and space infrastructure concepts of great scale. This paper examines current activities along the hydrogen value chain, both in the terrestrial and the aerospace sector. A general assessment of the synergy potential is complemented by a thorough analysis of specific applications serving as role models like a lunar manned base or pressurised rover, an aircraft APU or a high power telecommunications satellite. Potential performance improvements and cost savings serve as key performance indicators in these comparisons and trade-offs.

Norbert Frischauf; Beatriz Acosta-Iborra; Frederik Harskamp; Pietro Moretto; Thomas Malkow; Michel Honselaar; Marc Steen; Scott Hovland; Bernhard Hufenbach; Max Schautz; Manfred Wittig; Alexander Soucek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Inspector General  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of the Under Secretary for Nuclear Security Edward B. Held (Acting) Under Secretary for Nuclear Security DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of the Under Secretary for Management & Performance Vacant Under Secretary for Management and Performance Office of the Under Secretary for Science & Energy Vacant Under Secretary for Science and Energy Southwestern Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration Western Area Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration U.S. Energy Information Administration Loan Programs Office Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy General Counsel Assistant Secretary for Congressional & Intergovernmental Affairs Chief Human Capital Officer

373

General Category  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sunrise and Sunset Visual Differences Sunrise and Sunset Visual Differences Name: Joey Status: other Grade: other Country: Canada Date: Spring 2012 Question: It seems that sunrise and sunset don't look symmetric. I mean that sunsets tend to have much redder skies and sunrise is usually a bit gloomier. If you see a picture, many times you can tell if its sunrise or sunset, even though I would think they should like identical, except that the sun is either going up or going down. Why do they not appear the same but in reverse? Replies: Funny you should ask as a paper just arrived which is sure to have the answer and I will read it now....... OK, the morning sky, and the sky in general, is blue due to Rayleigh scattering [which affects short wavelengths the most] of the sun light by air molecules and other microscopic particles.

374

Sustainability assessment of industrial waste treatment processes: The case of automotive shredder residue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To date numerous environmental, economic and societal indicators have been applied to evaluate and compare the sustainability of products and processes. This study presents a set of ad hoc sustainability indicators suitable for assessing and comparing processes for the treatment of industrial waste streams and for allowing to address efficiently all aspects of sustainability. This set consists of the following indicators: energy intensity, material intensity, water consumption, land use, global warming, human toxicity and treatment cost. The application of these indicators to industrial waste treatment processes is discussed in depth. A distinction is made between direct contributions to sustainability, occurring at the process level itself, and indirect contributions related to the production of auxiliaries and the recovery of end products. The proposed sustainability assessment method is applied to treatment processes for automotive shredder residue (ASR), a complex and heterogeneous waste stream with hazardous characteristics. Although different strategies for recycling and valorization of ASR were developed, with some of them already commercialized, large quantities of ASR are still commonly landfilled. This study concludes that for ASR the most sustainable alternative to the present landfill practice, both in short and long term perspective, consists of recycling combined with energetic valorization of the residual fraction.

Isabel Vermeulen; Chantal Block; Jo Van Caneghem; Wim Dewulf; Subhas K. Sikdar; Carlo Vandecasteele

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Review of Italian experience on automotive shredder residue characterization and management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Automotive Shredder Residue (ASR) is a special waste that can be classified as either hazardous or non hazardous depending on the amount of hazardous substances and on the features of leachate gathered from EN12457/2 test. However both the strict regulation concerning landfills and the EU targets related to End-of-Life Vehicles (ELVs) recovery and recycling rate to achieve by 2015 (Directive 2000/53/EC), will limit current landfilling practice and will impose an increased efficiency of \\{ELVs\\} valorization. The present paper considers \\{ELVs\\} context in Italy, taking into account \\{ASRs\\} physical–chemical features and current processing practice, focusing on the enhancement of secondary materials recovery. The application in waste-to-energy plants, cement kilns or metallurgical processes is also analyzed, with a particular attention to the possible connected environmental impacts. Pyrolysis and gasification are considered as emerging technologies although the only use of ASR is debatable; its mixing with other waste streams is gradually being applied in commercial processes. The environmental impacts of the processes are acceptable, but more supporting data are needed and the advantage over (co-)incineration remains to be proven.

R. Cossu; S. Fiore; T. Lai; A. Luciano; G. Mancini; B. Ruffino; P. Viotti; M.C. Zanetti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Control of Two Permanent Magnet Machines Using a Five-Leg Inverter for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents digital control schemes for control of two permanent magnet (PM) machines in an integrated traction and air-conditioning compressor drive system for automotive applications. The integrated drive system employs a five-leg inverter to power a three-phase traction PM motor and a two-phase compressor PM motor by tying the common terminal of the two-phase motor to the neutral point of the three-phase motor. Compared to a three-phase or a standalone two-phase inverter, it eliminates one phase leg and shares the control electronics between the two drives, thus significantly reducing the component count of the compressor drive. To demonstrate that the speed and torque of the two PM motors can be controlled independently, a control strategy was implemented in a digital signal processor, which includes a rotor flux field orientation based control (RFOC) for the three-phase motor, a similar RFOC and a position sensorless control in the brushless dc (BLDC) mode for the two-phase motor. Control implementation issues unique to a two-phase PM motor are also discussed. Test results with the three-phase motor running in the ac synchronous (ACS) mode while the two-phase motor either in the ACS or the BLDC mode are included to verify the independent speed and torque control capability of the integrated drive.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL; Huang, Xianghui [GE Global Research

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Advanced computational simulation for design and manufacturing of lightweight material components for automotive applications  

SciTech Connect

Computational vehicle models for the analysis of lightweight material performance in automobiles have been developed through collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration, and George Washington University. The vehicle models have been verified against experimental data obtained from vehicle collisions. The crashed vehicles were analyzed, and the main impact energy dissipation mechanisms were identified and characterized. Important structural parts were extracted and digitized and directly compared with simulation results. High-performance computing played a key role in the model development because it allowed for rapid computational simulations and model modifications. The deformation of the computational model shows a very good agreement with the experiments. This report documents the modifications made to the computational model and relates them to the observations and findings on the test vehicle. Procedural guidelines are also provided that the authors believe need to be followed to create realistic models of passenger vehicles that could be used to evaluate the performance of lightweight materials in automotive structural components.

Simunovic, S.; Aramayo, G.A.; Zacharia, T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Toridis, T.G. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States); Bandak, F.; Ragland, C.L. [Dept. of Transportation, Washington, DC (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Experimental evaluation of automotive air-conditioning using HFC-134a and HC-134a  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental study to evaluate the energy consumption of an automotive air conditioning is presented. In this study these refrigerants will be tested using the experimental rig which simulated the actual cars as a cabin complete with a cooling system component of the actual car that is as the blower evaporator condenser radiators electric motor which acts as a vehicle engine and then the electric motor will operate the compressor using a belt and pulley system as well as to the alternator will recharge the battery. The compressor working with the fluids HFC-134a and HC-134a and has been tested varying the speed in the range 1000 1500 2000 and 2500 rpm. The measurements taken during the one hour experimental periods at 2-minutes interval times for temperature setpoint of 20°C with internal heat loads 0 500 700 and 1000 W. The final results of this study show an overall better energy consumption of the HFC-134a compared with the HC-134a.

Azhar Abdul Aziz

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Technical assessment of compressed hydrogen storage tank systems for automotive applications.  

SciTech Connect

The performance and cost of compressed hydrogen storage tank systems has been assessed and compared to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) 2010, 2015, and ultimate targets for automotive applications. The on-board performance and high-volume manufacturing cost were determined for compressed hydrogen tanks with design pressures of 350 bar ({approx}5000 psi) and 700 bar ({approx}10,000 psi) capable of storing 5.6 kg of usable hydrogen. The off-board performance and cost of delivering compressed hydrogen was determined for hydrogen produced by central steam methane reforming (SMR). The main conclusions of the assessment are that the 350-bar compressed storage system has the potential to meet the 2010 and 2015 targets for system gravimetric capacity but will not likely meet any of the system targets for volumetric capacity or cost, given our base case assumptions. The 700-bar compressed storage system has the potential to meet only the 2010 target for system gravimetric capacity and is not likely to meet any of the system targets for volumetric capacity or cost, despite the fact that its volumetric capacity is much higher than that of the 350-bar system. Both the 350-bar and 700-bar systems come close to meeting the Well-to-Tank (WTT) efficiency target, but fall short by about 5%. These results are summarized.

Hua, T. Q.; Ahluwalia, R. K.; Peng, J. K.; Kromer, M.; Lasher, S.; McKenney, K.; Law, K.; Sinha, J. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (TIAX, LLC)

2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

380

Exergetic analysis of a thermo-generator for automotive application: A dynamic numerical approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is well known that when using a passenger car with an ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) only a fraction of the burnt fuel energy actually contributes to drive the vehicle. Typical passenger vehicle engines run about 25% efficiency while a great part of the remaining energy (about 40%) is lost through the exhaust gases. This latter has a significant energy conversion potential since the temperature (more than 300°C) and the mass flow rate are high enough. Thus direct conversion of heat into electricity is a credible option if the overall system is optimized. This point is crucial since the heat conversion into work process is very sensible to any mismatching of the different parts of the system and very sensible significant to the possible varying working conditions. All these effects constitute irreversibility sources that degrade the overall efficiency. The exergetic analysis is known to be an efficient tool for finding the root causes of theses irreversible processes. In order to investigate the performance of our automotive thermo-generator we propose an analysis of the exergy flow through the system under dynamic conditions. Taking into account the different irreversible sources such as thermal conduction and Joule effect we are able to localize and quantify the exergy losses. Then in order to optimize the thermoelectric converter for a given vehicle correct actions in term of design and working conditions can be proposed.

C. Goupil

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Fleet test evaluations of an automotive and medium-duty truck coolant filter conditioner  

SciTech Connect

The use of coolant filtration and supplemental coolant additives (SCA) to replenish depleted protective chemistry has been applied in the heavy duty diesel arena for many years. Some filtration of coolant and SCA usage in light gasoline engine and automotive diesel engine vehicles has taken place using off-board equipment to filter and recondition coolant. As concerns about the environment have increased, disposal of spent coolant that is replaced on a scheduled basis is a burden on fleets as well as individuals. In addition, as the efforts by vehicle manufacturers to extend or eliminate routine service intervals of vehicle systems increase, the use of an on-board system has become more attractive. A number of filtration/conditioning designs have been developed for light and medium duty use and have been on field tests for over a year. These field tests are described and reported, along with background on the filter design and chemistry package used. Field testing included: low and high mileage vehicles; newer and older vehicles; well and poorly maintained vehicles; and an assessment of the possibility of overcharging of the coolant chemistry.

Wright, A.B. [AlliedSignal Filters and Spark Plugs, Perrysburg, OH (United States)

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Definitions Key Terms Definition Bulk Sales Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual transactions which exceed the size of a truckload. Dealer Tank Wagon Sales (DTW) Wholesale sales of gasoline priced on a delivered basis to a retail outlet. Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories. Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

383

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prime Supplier Sales Volume Prime Supplier Sales Volume Definitions Key Terms Definition Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Finished Aviation Gasoline A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifications are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

384

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Bulk Sales Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual transactions which exceed the size of a truckload. Dealer Tank Wagon Sales (DTW) Wholesale sales of gasoline priced on a delivered basis to a retail outlet. Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories. Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

385

Performance and cost of automotive fuel cell systems with ultra-low platinum loadings.  

SciTech Connect

An automotive polymer-electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) system with ultra-low platinum loading (0.15 mg-Pt cm{sup -2}) has been analyzed to determine the relationship between its design-point efficiency and the system efficiency at part loads, efficiency over drive cycles, stack and system costs, and heat rejection. The membrane electrode assemblies in the reference PEFC stack use nanostructured, thin-film ternary catalysts supported on organic whiskers and a modified perfluorosulfonic acid membrane. The analyses show that the stack Pt content can be reduced by 50% and the projected high-volume manufacturing cost by >45% for the stack and by 25% for the system, if the design-point system efficiency is lowered from 50% to 40%. The resulting penalties in performance are a <1% reduction in the system peak efficiency; a 2-4% decrease in the system efficiency on the urban, highway, and LA92 drive cycles; and a 6.3% decrease in the fuel economy of the modeled hybrid fuel-cell vehicle on the combined cycle used by EPA for emission and fuel economy certification. The stack heat load, however, increases by 50% at full power (80 kW{sub e}) but by only 23% at the continuous power (61.5 kW{sub e}) needed to propel the vehicle on a 6.5% grade at 55 mph. The reduced platinum and system cost advantages of further lowering the design-point efficiency from 40% to 35% are marginal. The analyses indicate that thermal management in the lower efficiency systems is very challenging and that the radiator becomes bulky if the stack temperature cannot be allowed to increase to 90-95 C under driving conditions where heat rejection is difficult.

Ahluwalia, R.; Wang, X.; Kwon, K.; Rousseau, A.; Kalinoski, J.; James, B.; Marcinkoski, J. (Energy Systems); ( NE); (Directed Technologies Inc.); (ED)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Technical assessment of cryo-compressed hydrogen storage tank systems for automotive applications.  

SciTech Connect

On-board and off-board performance and cost of cryo-compressed hydrogen storage has been assessed and compared to the DOE 2010, 2015 and ultimate targets for automotive applications. The Gen-3 prototype system of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was modeled to project the performance of a scaled-down 5.6-kg usable hydrogen storage system. The on-board performance of the system and high-volume manufacturing cost were determined for liquid hydrogen refueling with a single-flow nozzle and a pump that delivers 1.5 kg/min of liquid H{sub 2} to the insulated cryogenic tank capable of being pressurized to 272 atm (4000 psi). The off-board performance and cost of delivering liquid hydrogen were determined for two scenarios in which hydrogen is produced by central steam methane reforming (SMR) and by central electrolysis using electricity from renewable sources. The main conclusions from the assessment are that the cryo-compressed storage system has the potential of meeting the ultimate target for system gravimetric capacity and the 2015 target for system volumetric capacity (see Table I). The system compares favorably with targets for durability and operability although additional work is needed to understand failure modes for combined pressure and temperature cycling. The system may meet the targets for hydrogen loss during dormancy under certain conditions of minimum daily driving. The high-volume manufacturing cost is projected to be 2-4 times the current 2010 target of $4/kWh. For the reference conditions considered most applicable, the fuel cost for the SMR hydrogen production and liquid H{sub 2} delivery scenario is 60%-140% higher than the current target of $2-$3/gge while the well-to-tank efficiency is well short of the 60% target specified for off-board regenerable materials.

Ahluwalia, R. K.; Hua, T. Q.; Peng, J.-K.; Lasher, S.; McKenney, K.; Sinha, J.; Nuclear Engineering Division; TIAX LLC

2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

387

Investigation on combustion characteristics of crude rice bran oil methyl ester blend as a heavy duty automotive engine fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present work, an attempt was made to test the suitability of crude rice bran oil methyl ester (CRBME) blend as a heavy duty automotive engine fuel. A four stroke, six cylinder direct injection 117.6 kW turbo-charged compression ignition (CI) engine was used for the work. The operation of the engine with CRBME blend showed that the peak pressure increased with lower maximum rate of pressure rise and maximum heat release rate with shorter delay period. Burning rate of the CRBME blend was slower and required a higher crank angle to complete the combustion cycle when compared to diesel. The brake thermal efficiency of the CRBME blend was lower than that of diesel at all speeds except at 2300rpm. As the measured combustion and performance parameters for CRBME blend differs only by a smaller magnitude when compared with diesel, this investigation ensures the suitability of the CRBME blend as fuel for heavy duty automotive engine without any design modifications [Received: August 12, 2010; Accepted: August 29, 2010

S. Saravanan; G. Nagarajan; S. Sampath

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Leachability of automotive shredder residues burned in a fluidized bed system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of the study of a combustible fraction of automotive shredder residues (CASRs) and the corresponding ashes generated by combustion on a fluidized bed pilot with the aim to understand the influence of thermal treatment regarding properties for final disposal, such as landfilling. The chemical composition was evaluated and the leachability behaviour of ashes and CASR was investigated using the three more commonly used tests: the European Standard EN 12457, the US TCLP-EPA 1311 and the Dutch availability test EA NEN 7371. Different results were obtained depending on the specific conditions of the methods employed. It was found that both the CASR and the ashes contained large amounts of toxic metals and other undesirable elements, such as Cl and S. For the CASR, in addition to the leachability of organic matter above the limit set for hazardous materials, the release of heavy metals, either under alkaline and acidic conditions was significant, revealing the serious risks associated to the landfilling practices still being undertaken worldwide. Release of organic matter from ashes was insignificant, but solubility of sulphates increased and chlorides exceed the hazardous limits in the case of fly ashes. Toxic metals were found to leach from the ashes only under acidic conditions, except Pb and Cu which also leached from finer ashes at alkaline pH. Cr also leached from ashes at alkaline pH values. Both the Dutch availability and TCLP revealed much higher leaching intensities than the European Standard due to the acidity of leachants. However, it was found that ashes may be more resistant to acidification because they exhibit much higher acid neutralization capacity (ANC) than the untreated CASR. The study undertaken shows that thermal valorisation of the combustible fraction of ASR may avoid the risks associated with their landfilling; however, care has to be taken with the ashes because they also behave as hazardous residues. Although, the mass reduction provided by thermal treatment may make landfilling less expensive, a more profitable reutilization of the ashes should be developed.

M.H. Lopes; M. Freire; M. Galhetas; I. Gulyurtlu; I. Cabrita

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Influence of speed and frequency towards the automotive turbocharger turbine performance under pulsating flow conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The ever-increasing demand for low carbon applications in automotive industry has intensified the development of highly efficient engines and energy recovery devices. Even though there are significant developments in the alternative powertrains such as full electric, their full deployment is hindered by high costing and unattractive life-cycle energy and emission balance. Thus powertrain based on highly efficient internal combustion engines are still considered to be the mainstream for years to come. Traditionally, turbocharger has been an essential tool to boost the engine power, however in recent years it is seen as an enabling technology for engine downsizing. It is a well-known fact that a turbocharger turbine in an internal combustion engine operates in a highly pulsating exhaust flow. There are numerous studies looking into the complex interaction of the pulsating exhaust gas within the turbocharger turbine, however the phenomena is still not fully integrated into the design stage. Industry practice is still to design and match the turbine to an engine based on steady performance maps. The current work is undertaken with the mind to move one step closer towards fully integrating the pulsating flow performance into the turbocharger turbine design. This paper presents the development efforts and results from a full 3-D CFD model of a turbocharger turbine stage. The simulations were conducted at 30,000 rpm and 48,000 rpm (50% and 80% design speed respectively) for both 20 Hz and 80 Hz pulsating flow inlet conditions. Complete validation procedure using cold-flow experimental data is also described. The temporal and spatial resolutions of the incidence angle at the rotor leading edge suggest that the circumference variation is little (7%) as compared to its variation in time as the pulse progresses. The primary aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship of the turbine speed, as well as the pulsating flow frequency to its performance. It was found that there are no direct instantaneous relationship between the pulsating pressure at the turbine inlet and the turbine efficiency, except when one considers an additional parameter, namely the incidence angle. This paper also intends to investigate the potential loss of information if the performance parameters are simply averaged without considering the instantaneous effects.

M.H. Padzillah; S. Rajoo; R.F. Martinez-Botas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-05NT42415, W(A)-05-046, CH-1328 The Petitioner, General Motors Corporation (GM) was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Development of High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Spark Ignition and Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines." The purpose of the cooperative agreement is the improvement of the efficiency of the internal combustion engine and the development of other alternative propulsion technologies useful to the automotive market. More specifically, GM will work to further develop the homogeneous charge compression- ignition (HCCI) combustion engine. This engine combines many of the benefits of both gasoline

391

Cavitation as a complementary tool for automotive aerodynamics J.F. Beaudoin, O. Cadot, J.L. Aider, K. Gosse, P. Paranthoen, B. Hamelin,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cavitation as a complementary tool for automotive aerodynamics J.F. Beaudoin, O. Cadot, J.L. Aider consists in reducing the aerodynamic drag of the vehicles. As a matter of fact, aerodynamic forces play and Sovran 1993; Hucho 1998). Since the pioneering work of Morel (1978) and Ahmed (1983) about aerodynamics

Wesfreid, José Eduardo

392

Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Technical Paper 2006-01-1041 Paper presented at SAE 2006 World Congress & Exposition, April 5, 2006, Detroit, MI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

injection (GDI) has been the subject of research and development for a long time in the automotive industry. In a combustion system employing GDI, the fuel is injected directly into the combustion chamber instead of the air injector plays a key role in the performance of GDI engines. Compared to the conventional port fuel

Gruner, Sol M.

393

Program Final Report - Develop Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery  

SciTech Connect

We conducted a vehicle analysis to assess the feasibility of thermoelectric technology for waste heat recovery and conversion to useful electrical power and found that eliminating the 500 W of electrical power generated by the alternator corresponded to about a 7% increase in fuel economy (FE) for a small car and about 6% for a full size truck. Electric power targets of 300 W were established for city and highway driving cycles for this project. We obtained critical vehicle level information for these driving cycles that enabled a high-level design and performance analysis of radiator and exhaust gas thermoelectric subsystems for several potential vehicle platforms, and we identified the location and geometric envelopes of the radiator and exhaust gas thermoelectric subsystems. Based on this analysis, we selected the Chevrolet Suburban as the most suitable demonstration vehicle for this project. Our modeling and thermal analysis assessment of a radiator-based thermoelectric generator (TEG), however, revealed severe practical limitations. Specifically the small temperature difference of 100°C or less between the engine coolant and ambient air results in a low Carnot conversion efficiency, and thermal resistance associated with air convection would reduce this conversion efficiency even further. We therefore decided not to pursue a radiator-based waste heat recovery system and focused only on the exhaust gas. Our overall approach was to combine science and engineering: (1) existing and newly developed TE materials were carefully selected and characterized by the material researcher members of our team, and most of the material property results were validated by our research partners, and (2) system engineers worked closely with vehicle engineers to ensure that accurate vehicle-level information was used for developing subsystem models and designs, and the subsystem output was analyzed for potential fuel economy gains. We incorporated material, module, subsystem, and integration costs into the material selection criteria in order to balance various materials, module and subsystem design, and vehicle integration options. Our work on advanced TE materials development and on TEG system design, assembly, vehicle integration, and testing proceeded in parallel efforts. Results from our two preliminary prototype TEGs using only Bi-Te TE modules allowed us to solve various mechanical challenges and to finalize and fine tune aspects of the design and implementation. Our materials research effort led us to quickly abandon work on PbTe and focus on the skutterudite materials due to their superior mechanical performance and suitability at automotive exhaust gas operating temperatures. We synthesized a sufficiently large quantity of skutterudite material for module fabrication for our third and final prototype. Our TEG#3 is the first of its kind to contain state-of-the-art skutterudite-based TE modules to be installed and tested on a production vehicle. The design, which consisted of 24 skutterudite modules and 18 Bi-Te modules, attempted to optimize electrical power generation by using these two kinds of TE modules that have their peak performance temperatures matched to the actual temperature profile of the TEG during operation. The performance of TEG#3 was limited by the maximum temperature allowable for the Bi-Te TE modules located in the colder end of the TEG, resulting in the operating temperature for the skutterudite modules to be considerably below optimum. We measured the power output for (1) the complete TEG (25 Watts) and (2) an individual TE module series string (1/3 of the TEG) operated at a 60°C higher temperature (19 Watts). We estimate that under optimum operating temperature conditions, TEG#3 will generate about 235 Watts. With additional improvements in thermal and electrical interfaces, temperature homogeneity, and power conditioning, we estimate TEG#3 could deliver a power output of about 425 Watts.

Gregory Meisner

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

394

Draft General Conformity Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

I I Draft General Conformity Determination U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service MMS Cape Wind Energy Project January 2009 Final EIS Appendix I Draft General Conformity Determination Draft General Conformity Determination Cape Wind Energy Project Prepared by Minerals Management Service Herndon, VA November 2008 i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION TO THE PROPOSED ACTION............................................................... 1 2.0 GENERAL CONFORMITY REGULATORY BACKGROUND .......................................... 2 2.1 GENERAL CONFORMITY REQUIREMENTS.................................................................... 2 2.2 GENERAL CONFORMITY APPLICABILITY.....................................................................

395

General | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Volver Pgina principal General banner.jpg Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGeneral&oldid519011" What links here Related changes Special pages Printable...

396

General User Proposals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General User Proposals Print General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS or the...

397

General User Proposals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office General User Proposals Print General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS...

398

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2010 Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H 2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2010 Update September 30, 2010 Prepared by: Brian D. James, Jeffrey A. Kalinoski & Kevin N. Baum One Virginia Square 3601 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 650 Arlington, Virginia 22201 703-243-3383 Prepared under: Subcontract No. AGB-0-40628-01 to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) under Prime Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 to the U.S. Department of Energy Foreword Energy security is fundamental to the mission of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles have the potential to eliminate the need for oil in the transportation sector. Fuel cell vehicles can operate on hydrogen, which can be produced domestically, emitting less greenhouse gasses and pollutants than

399

Laboratory scale studies on gaseous emissions generated by the incineration of an artificial automotive shredder residue presenting a critical composition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Car manufacturers must eliminate automotive shredder residues (ASR). Two ways of incineration are of interest: at 850°C in municipal waste incinerators or at higher temperatures, above 1100°C in cement plants. These processes reduce the mass and the volume of waste to be disposed of in landfills and energy recovery might be possible. Regulations govern the emission of gaseous effluents to control environmental risk. To determine gaseous effluents from a pilot sacle or an industrial incineration plant, an artificial ASR was made by mixing three representative organic polymers present in the real ASR, namely polyvinylchloride, polyurethane and rubber. This mixture was incinerated at 850 and 1100°C in laboratory experiments and the analyses of the principal gaseous effluents such as carbon oxides, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, hydrochloric and hydrocyanic acids and sulphur compounds are presented and discussed. Lastly, in order to simulate artificial ASR behaviour, the composition of the combustion gases at equilibrium was calculated using a Gibbs energy minimisation code.

D. Lanoir; G. Trouvé; L. Delfosse

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Clinic: aggregating subsystem models into an automotive total plant throughput model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents problems encountered within the simulation modeling community of General Motors when they are faced with the requirement to verify all new plant designs for their entire global manufacturing enterprise. Given that the Body Shop, Paint ...

Jeffrey Scott Miller; Randy Combs; Earnest Foster; Jeffrey Tew; D. J. Medeiros; Onur Ulgen

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite Structures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by General Motors at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about validation of material models...

402

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by General Motors at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about development of computer-aided...

403

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GENERAL MOTORS LLC (GM) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GENERAL MOTORS LLC (GM) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF GENERAL MOTORS LLC (GM) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER NREL SUBCONTRACT NO. ZCI- 1-40497-01; W(A) 2011-041 GM has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights of the United States of America in all subject inventions arising from its work under subcontract number ZCI-40497-01 under the prime contract DE-AC36-08G028308, the contract between DOE and the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, as the contractor of the National Renewable Laboratory. The subcontract is entitled "Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries." The objective of the project funded through the subcontract is to develop suites of software tools that enable automobile and battery manufacturers, pack integrators, and other end-

404

DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop - Breakout Group 4: Low Temperature Fuel Cell System BOP & FUEL Processors For Stationary and Automotive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BREAKOUT GROUP 4: LOW TEMPERATURE FUEL CELL SYSTEM BOP & FUEL PROCESSORS FOR STATIONARY AND AUTOMOTIVE BREAKOUT GROUP 4: LOW TEMPERATURE FUEL CELL SYSTEM BOP & FUEL PROCESSORS FOR STATIONARY AND AUTOMOTIVE PARTICIPANTS O NAME RGANIZATION Shabbir Ahmed Argonne National Laboratory Chris Ainscough NUVERA Rod Borup Los Alamos National Laboratory Vince Contini Battelle Rick Cutright PlugPower LLC David Frank Hydrogenics Jamie Holladay Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Terry Johnson Sandia National Laboratory Sridhas Kanuri UTC Power Ted Krause Argonne National Laboratory Michael McCarthy Protonex Technology Corporation Pinakin Patel FuelCell Energy Inc. Dennis Rapodios Argonne National Laboratory Eric Simpkins IdaTech LLC Anna Stefanopoulou University of Michigan Ken Stroh Los Alamos National Laboratory Olivier Verdu HELION Doug Wheeler National Renewable Energy Laboratory

405

New initiatives, trends and dilemmas for the Brazilian automotive industry: the case of Inovar Auto and its impacts on electromobility in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the mid 2012, the Brazilian Government established the bases of a new industrial policy for the automotive sector. Under the acronym Inovar Auto, the complete name unfolds: programme for fostering technological innovation and densification of the automotive productive chain. This paper intends to detail and to analyse this programme, highlighting its weaknesses and strengths. With this, a comparison is to be made between previous initiatives and the one now starting. The authors also intend to analyse if and how the development of technologies associated to the electric car will effectively be fostered by the Inovar Auto, given that it is a technology pointing towards the future of the industry and does not yet count on leading technologies in world terms which, in theory, may pave the way for inserting Brazil in this market.

Roberto Marx; Adriana Marotti De Mello

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Mass balance for \\{POPs\\} in a real scale fluidized bed combustor co-incinerating automotive shredder residue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The European directive 2000/53/EC implies a “reuse and recovery” rate for end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) of 95% to be reached by the year 2015. One of the options to increase the actual average European “reuse and recovery” rate of approximately 78% (EU 15, 2008) is incineration of automotive shredder residue (ASR) with energy-recovery. The mass balance and the congener fingerprints for PCDD/Fs, dioxin-like PCBs, \\{PCBs\\} and \\{PAHs\\} in a real scale fluidized bed combustor (FBC) incinerating 25% ASR with 25% refuse derived fuel (RDF) and 50% waste water treatment sludge (WWT sludge) were investigated. The PCDD/F, dioxin-like PCB, PCB and PAH concentrations in this input waste mix were more than hundred times higher than in the usual waste feed of the incinerator (30% RFD and 70% WWT sludge). In the outputs of the FBC, however, the concentrations of these POP groups were comparable or only slightly higher than in the outputs generated during the incineration of the usual waste feed. The considered \\{POPs\\} in the waste were destroyed efficiently and the formation of new \\{POPs\\} during cooling of the flue gas appeared to a large extent independent of the POP concentrations in the incinerated waste.

J. Van Caneghem; C. Block; I. Vermeulen; A. Van Brecht; P. Van Royen; M. Jaspers; G. Wauters; C. Vandecasteele

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Supply Chain Performance Assessment and Supplier and Component Importance Identification General Competitive Multitiered Supply Chain Network Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disasters, and associ- ated supply chain disruptions. A classic example is the Royal Philips Electronics chips, automotive sensors, silicon wafers, and even certain colors of automotive paints, because of computer hard disk drives and also a big automotive manufacturing hub (Yang (2011)). However, not all

Nagurney, Anna

408

Automotive Composites Consortium Focal Project 4: Automotive...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

driveshaft 53.9 -14.6 -21% 33.6 -11.3 -25% 20.3 -3.3 -14% Significant Primary Secondary additive mass mass mass reduction reduction reduction Material and Process Trials Tensile...

409

DOE General Competencies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The DOE General Competencies are the personal and professional attributes that are critical to successful performance.  A competency model is a collection of competencies that together define...

410

General User Proposals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposals Print General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS or the Participating Research...

411

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ADVANCE WAIVER ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-04NT42278; W(A)-04-070, CH-1248 The Petitioner, General Motors Corporation (GM) was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Develop Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery". The project will address a wide range of crucial economic, engineering and scientific questions to bring this nascent technology from laboratory to market place. This will be a team effort focusing on utilizing the latest materials research breakthrough: incorporating these innovations into thermoelectric modules and subsystems, and integrating them into vehicles. The goal of the program is to achieve and demonstrate a 10% improvement over current brake

412

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

APP-005 APP-005 Planning for and Measuring Office of Inspector General Results FY 2002 Annual Performance Report and FY 2003 Annual Performance Plan Office of Inspector General U.S. Department of Energy Inspector General's Message We are pleased to present the Office of Inspector General's (OIG) consolidated Fiscal Year 2002 Annual Performance Report and Fiscal Year 2003 Annual Performance Plan. This document evaluates our actual Fiscal Year (FY) 2002 performance and establishes the performance goals and strategies we will pursue in FY 2003 to fulfill our mission. As mandated by the Inspector General Act, the OIG promotes the effective, efficient, and economical operation of the Department of Energy's programs and operations, including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA).

413

Generalized Galilean Genesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The galilean genesis scenario is an alternative to inflation in which the universe starts expanding from Minkowski in the asymptotic past by violating the null energy condition stably. Several concrete models of galilean genesis have been constructed so far within the context of galileon-type scalar-field theories. We give a generic, unified description of the galilean genesis scenario in terms of the Horndeski theory, i.e., the most general scalar-tensor theory with second-order field equations. In doing so we generalize the previous models to have a new parameter (denoted by {\\alpha}) which results in controlling the evolution of the Hubble rate. The background dynamics is investigated to show that the generalized galilean genesis solution is an attractor, similarly to the original model. We also study the nature of primordial perturbations in the generalized galilean genesis scenario. In all the models described by our generalized genesis Lagrangian, amplification of tensor perturbations does not occur as ...

Nishi, Sakine

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

general_atomics.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

former General former General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was constructed in 1959 and operated until 1991. The site encompassed approximately 7,400 square feet of laboratory and remote operations cells. Licensed operations at the facility included receipt, handling, and shipment of radioactive materials; remote handling, examination, and storage of previously irradiated nuclear fuel materials; pilot-scale tritium extraction operations; and development, fabrication, and inspection of uranium oxide-beryllium oxide fuel materials. General Atomics performed most of the work for the federal government. The General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was located in a 60-acre complex 13 miles northwest of downtown San Diego, 1 mile inland from the Pacific Ocean, and approximately 300 feet above sea level.

415

general_atomics.cdr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

former former General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was constructed in 1959 and operated until 1991. The site encompassed approximately 7,400 square feet of laboratory and remote operations cells. Licensed operations at the facility included receipt, handling, and shipment of radioactive materials; remote handling, examination, and storage of previously irradiated nuclear fuel materials; pilot-scale tritium extraction operations; and development, fabrication, and inspection of uranium oxide-beryllium oxide fuel materials. General Atomics performed most of the work for the federal government. The General Atomics Hot Cell Facility was located in a 60-acre complex 13 miles northwest of downtown San Diego, 1 mile inland from the Pacific Ocean, and approximately 300 feet above sea level. The General Atomics site is in the center of Torrey Mesa Science Center, a 304-acre industrial

416

MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL Page 1 of 4 HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL Position: Quality & Safety and efficacy of our practice, reporting this data out to department clinicians, senior leadership and hospital hospital and department groups, exceptional interpersonal, communication, project organization, time

Adams, Mark

417

1 General Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 General Information. 1.1 Class time / location: TTh 9-10:15, REC 114. 1.2 Office Hours: T 1:00-2:30 and Th 12:00-1:00. 1.3 Textbook: Elementary differential ...

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

418

general_atomics.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

300 feet above sea level. The General Atomics site is in the center of Torrey Mesa Science Center, a 304-acre industrial park. No ground water wells are at or near the Hot Cell...

419

General User Proposals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposals Print Tuesday, 01 June 2010 09:36 General Users are granted beam time through a peer review proposal process. They may use beamlines and endstations provided by the ALS...

420

Introduction: General Landslide Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Highlights for several papers included in the “general landslide” session for the 3rd World Landslide Forum are presented. Topics range from early warning systems and modelling to geomorphology and solid waste...

Peter Bobrowsky; Yueping Yin…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

General relativity and experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The confrontation between Einstein's theory of gravitation and experiment is summarized. Although all current experimental data are compatible with general relativity, the importance of pursuing the quest for possible deviations from Einstein's theory is emphasized.

T. Damour

1994-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

422

2011 IAEA General Conference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2011 IAEA General Conference 2011 IAEA General Conference Remarks as Prepared for Delivery Secretary Steven Chu Monday, September 19, 2011 Thank you, Ambassador Feruta. Congratulations on your election as President of this Conference. I also want to thank Director General Amano for his outstanding leadership. I am honored to represent the United States today, and I want to share a message from President Barack Obama: "On behalf of the United States, please accept my best wishes for a successful International Atomic Energy Agency General Conference. This year's meeting takes place against the backdrop of the severe earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan in March and the devastating accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station that followed. Along with

423

The Integration of On-Line Monitoring and Reconfiguration Functions using EDAA - European design and Automation Association1149.4 Into a Safety Critical Automotive Electronic Control Unit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an innovative application of EDAA - European design and Automation Association 1149.4 and the Integrated Diagnostic Reconfiguration (IDR) as tools for the implementation of an embedded test solution for an Automotive Electronic Control Unit implemented as a fully integrated mixed signal system. The paper described how the test architecture can be used for fault avoidance with results from a hardware prototype presented. The paper concludes that fault avoidance can be integrated into mixed signal electronic systems to handle key failure modes.

Jeffrey, C; Prosser, S; Lickess, M; Richardson, A; Riches, S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Symmetric generalized binomial distributions  

SciTech Connect

In two recent articles, we have examined a generalization of the binomial distribution associated with a sequence of positive numbers, involving asymmetric expressions of probabilities that break the symmetry win-loss. We present in this article another generalization (always associated with a sequence of positive numbers) that preserves the symmetry win-loss. This approach is also based on generating functions and presents constraints of non-negativeness, similar to those encountered in our previous articles.

Bergeron, H. [Univ Paris-Sud, ISMO, UMR 8214, 91405 Orsay (France)] [Univ Paris-Sud, ISMO, UMR 8214, 91405 Orsay (France); Curado, E. M. F. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Instituto Nacional de Cięncia e Tecnologia - Sistemas Complexos, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Gazeau, J. P. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); APC, UMR 7164, Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75205 Paris (France); Rodrigues, Ligia M. C. S., E-mail: herve.bergeron@u-psud.fr, E-mail: evaldo@cbpf.br, E-mail: gazeau@apc.univ-paris7.fr, E-mail: ligia@cbpf.br [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180 - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

Model based design of an automotive-scale, metal hydride hydrogen storage system.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia and General Motors have successfully designed, fabricated, and experimentally operated a vehicle-scale hydrogen storage system using the complex metal hydride sodium alanate. Over the 6 year project, the team tackled the primary barriers associated with storage and delivery of hydrogen including mass, volume, efficiency and cost. The result was the hydrogen storage demonstration system design. The key technologies developed for this hydrogen storage system include optimal heat exchange designs, thermal properties enhancement, a unique catalytic hydrogen burner and energy efficient control schemes. The prototype system designed, built, and operated to demonstrate these technologies consists of four identical hydrogen storage modules with a total hydrogen capacity of 3 kg. Each module consists of twelve stainless steel tubes that contain the enhanced sodium alanate. The tubes are arranged in a staggered, 4 x 3 array and enclosed by a steel shell to form a shell and tube heat exchanger. Temperature control during hydrogen absorption and desorption is accomplished by circulating a heat transfer fluid through each module shell. For desorption, heat is provided by the catalytic oxidation of hydrogen within a high efficiency, compact heat exchanger. The heater was designed to transfer up to 30 kW of heat from the catalytic reaction to the circulating heat transfer fluid. The demonstration system module design and the system control strategies were enabled by experiment-based, computational simulations that included heat and mass transfer coupled with chemical kinetics. Module heat exchange systems were optimized using multi-dimensional models of coupled fluid dynamics and heat transfer. Chemical kinetics models were coupled with both heat and mass transfer calculations to design the sodium alanate vessels. Fluid flow distribution was a key aspect of the design for the hydrogen storage modules and computational simulations were used to balance heat transfer with fluid pressure requirements. An overview of the hydrogen storage system will be given, and examples of these models and simulation results will be described and related to component design. In addition, comparisons of demonstration system experimental results to model predictions will be reported.

Johnson, Terry Alan; Kanouff, Michael P.; Jorgensen, Scott W. (General Motors R& D); Dedrick, Daniel E.; Evans, Gregory Herbert

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

All General Counsel Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4_082_DELPHI_AUTOMOTIVE_SYSTEMS_Waiver_of_Patent_Rights_.pdf 4_082_DELPHI_AUTOMOTIVE_SYSTEMS_Waiver_of_Patent_Rights_.pdf July 27, 2011 Public comment re Price-Anderson Act In response the Federal Register notice of December 31, 1997 requesting public comments on the Price-Anderson Act (PAA), Eureka County, Nevada is submitting these comments. Eureka County is one of the affected units of local government under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 as amended. With potential socioeconomic, environmental and transportation impacts, we have a strong interest in oversight of the DOE's Yucca Mountain project activities, including transportation impacts and consequences. July 27, 2011 WA_1994_034_AIR_PRODUCTS_AND_CHEMICALS_INC_Waiver_of_Domesti.pdf July 27, 2011 WA_03_028_SUPERPOWER_INC_Waiver_of_Patent_Rights_Under_a_DOE.pdf

427

General Employee Radiological Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Not Measurement Not Measurement Sensitive DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 December 2007_______ Change Notice 1 Reaffirmed 2013 DOE HANDBOOK GENERAL EMPLOYEE RADIOLOGICAL TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ Change 1 DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 Original Change Part 2 page 5 The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 360 millirem/year. The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 620 millirem/year. Part 2 page 5 Natural background radiation is by far the

428

General User Proposal Scores  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General User Proposal Scores General User Proposal Scores General User Proposal Scores Print Tuesday, 01 June 2010 10:34 Scoring Proposals are scored on a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being the best score and 5 the worst. Reviewers are requested to use the following ranking schema: Must do High Priority Medium Priority Low priority Don't do Beam time is assigned based on each proposal's score in relation to all other proposals for a given beamline. For beamlines where beamtime requests exceed available beamtime, a cutoff score is assigned after which no beam time is allocated. proposal scores Beam Time Cutoff Scores for the Current Cycle The table below lists the percent of beam time shifts allocated/requested for each beamline, and the cutoff scores, below which no beam time was assigned.

429

General Employee Radiological Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

_______ _______ Change Notice 1 June 2009 DOE HANDBOOK GENERAL EMPLOYEE RADIOLOGICAL TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Not Measurement Sensitive This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ Change 1 DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 Original Change Part 2 page 5 The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 360 millirem/year. The average annual radiation dose to a member of the general population is about 620 millirem/year. Part 2 page 5 Natural background radiation is by far the

430

NEWTON's General Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Science References General Science References Do you have a great general science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: First.gov Science and Technology First.gov Science and Technology This site, sponsered by the US Government provides reference links to topics on science, telecommunications, computers, research agencies, and news. NASA Science NASA Science NASA Science, is a website sponsered by NASA, that supplies resources for understanding our world and the world above. Topics include earth science, heliophysics, the planets, astrophysics and much more. There is also an educator page! Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories See the official site for the Nobel Prize, and read biographies about all of the Nobel Laureates, and there life changing discoveries and accomplishments.

431

Generalized coherent states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the coherent state of the harmonic oscillator, the probability density is that of the ground state subjected to an oscillation along a classical trajectory. Senitzky and others pointed out that there are states of the harmonic oscillator corresponding to an identical oscillatory displacement of the probability density of any energy eigenstate. These generalizations of the coherent state are rarely discussed, yet they furnish an interesting set of quantum states of light that combine features of number states and coherent states. Here we give an elementary account of the quantum optics of generalized coherent states.

T. G. Philbin

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

432

Automotive Underhood Thermal Management Analysis Using 3-D Coupled Thermal-Hydrodynamic Computer Models: Thermal Radiation Modeling  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the radiation modeling effort was to develop and implement a radiation algorithm that is fast and accurate for the underhood environment. As part of this CRADA, a net-radiation model was chosen to simulate radiative heat transfer in an underhood of a car. The assumptions (diffuse-gray and uniform radiative properties in each element) reduce the problem tremendously and all the view factors for radiation thermal calculations can be calculated once and for all at the beginning of the simulation. The cost for online integration of heat exchanges due to radiation is found to be less than 15% of the baseline CHAD code and thus very manageable. The off-line view factor calculation is constructed to be very modular and has been completely integrated to read CHAD grid files and the output from this code can be read into the latest version of CHAD. Further integration has to be performed to accomplish the same with STAR-CD. The main outcome of this effort is to obtain a highly scalable and portable simulation capability to model view factors for underhood environment (for e.g. a view factor calculation which took 14 hours on a single processor only took 14 minutes on 64 processors). The code has also been validated using a simple test case where analytical solutions are available. This simulation capability gives underhood designers in the automotive companies the ability to account for thermal radiation - which usually is critical in the underhood environment and also turns out to be one of the most computationally expensive components of underhood simulations. This report starts off with the original work plan as elucidated in the proposal in section B. This is followed by Technical work plan to accomplish the goals of the project in section C. In section D, background to the current work is provided with references to the previous efforts this project leverages on. The results are discussed in section 1E. This report ends with conclusions and future scope of work in section F.

Pannala, S.; D'Azevedo, E.; Zacharia, T.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

433

ENGINEERING General Information 436  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

great power to control their environment and, with this power, the responsibility to control it wiselySCHOOL OF ENGINEERING General Information 436 Descriptions of Fields of Study 438 Facilities 443 Information HISTORY AND AIMS OF THE SCHOOL Instruction in engineering began at Rutgers in 1864, when the state

Garfunkel, Eric

434

GENERAL CIRCULATION Mean Characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of California, Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, Davis, CA 95616-8627, USA Introduction state. The general circulation undergoes seasonal change. In many fields the seasonal change is much on an annual average. Simple geometry (see Figure 1) shows that the amount of solar radiation reaching unit

Grotjahn, Richard

435

General com Technology community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Campus IT General com m unity Technology community ITsystem owners Campus Council for Information Technology (CCFIT) · ~30 members · Advisory evaluation and review role · Input from faculty, staff, students formal representation on steering team and subcommittees Technology Support Program · Technology support

Ferrara, Katherine W.

436

Singular Value Decomposition Generalized  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Overview The singular value decomposition (SVD) is a generalization of the eigen- ferent eigenvalues are pairwise orthogonal. Let X be a positive semi-definite, its eigen containing the eigenvalues of X. The SVD uses the eigen-decomposition of a positive semi-definite matrix

Abdi, Hervé

437

Self Healing Coatings | Polymer Coatings | Automotive Paints | Hea... http://living.oneindia.in/automobiles/auto-news/2008/polymer-coati... 1 of 2 2/6/09 10:29 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self Healing Coatings | Polymer Coatings | Automotive Paints | Hea... http://living.oneindia.in/automobiles Healing Polymer Coatings Send A Wish To Your Valentine Living » Automobiles » Auto-news » Full story Photo Entertainment Hotels Jobs Living News Shopping Travel Videos Automobiles | Beauty | Celebrity | Columnists

Braun, Paul

438

Office of Inspector General  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inspector General Inspector General Office of Audits and Inspections Work Plan for FY 2013 Audits Central Audits Division  Ecotality  Funding Overlap  Follow-up on Smart Grid Investment Grant  DOE's Loan Program Office's Portfolio Management  Office of Fossil Energy's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships  Advanced Manufacturing Office's Combined Heat and Power Systems  DOE's Management of Contaminated Non-EM Facilities  Unneeded Real Estate  Review of For-Profit Grantees for selected DOE programs  Commercialization Efforts at National Laboratories  Research Misconduct at Office of Science  Public Dissemination of Research Results  BPA's Management of Borrowing Authority Construction  Controls Over PMA's Use of Hedging Instruments

439

EMSL: News: General Stories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General News General News Battery development may extend range of electric cars Battery development may extend range of electric cars New anode quadruples life of lithium-sulfur battery, could also help store renewable energy more cheaply Released: January 09, 2014 Scientists used EMSL capabilities and expertise to help develop and test a new anode design for lithium-sulfur batteries. The "hybrid" anode significantly extends the life of lithium-sulfur batteries, bringing them closer to commercial use. Read the PNNL news release. Batteries as they are meant to be seen Batteries as they are meant to be seen The search for long-lasting, inexpensive rechargeable batteries Released: December 27, 2013 Researchers working at EMSL study how a battery works under wet conditions

440

Extremal generalized quantum measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A measurement on a section K of the set of states of a finite dimensional C*-algebra is defined as an affine map from K to a probability simplex. Special cases of such sections are used in description of quantum networks, in particular quantum channels. Measurements on a section correspond to equivalence classes of so-called generalized POVMs, which are called quantum testers in the case of networks. We find extremality conditions for measurements on K and characterize generalized POVMs such that the corresponding measurement is extremal. These results are applied to the set of channels. We find explicit extremality conditions for two outcome measurements on qubit channels and give an example of an extremal qubit 1-tester such that the corresponding measurement is not extremal.

Anna Jencova

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Generalized qudit Choi maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following the linear programming prescription of Ref. \\cite{PRA72}, the $d\\otimes d$ Bell diagonal entanglement witnesses are provided. By using Jamiolkowski isomorphism, it is shown that the corresponding positive maps are the generalized qudit Choi maps. Also by manipulating particular $d\\otimes d$ Bell diagonal separable states and constructing corresponding bound entangled states, it is shown that thus obtained $d\\otimes d$ BDEW's (consequently qudit Choi maps) are non-decomposable in certain range of their parameters.

M. A. Jafarizadeh; M. Rezaeen; S. Ahadpour

2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

442

A Generalized Deletion Machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we prescribe a more generalized quantum-deleting machine (input state dependent). The fidelity of deletion is dependent on some machine parameters such that on alteration of machine parameters we get back to standard deleting machines. We also carried out a various comparative study of various kinds of quantum deleting machines. We also plotted graphs, making a comparative study of fidelity of deletion of the deletion machines, obtained as particular cases on changing the machine parameters of our machine.

Indranil Chakrabarty; Satyabrata Adhikari

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

443

General Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

General Motors Place: Detroit, MI Website: http:www.generalmotors.com References: General Motors1 Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership...

444

Generalized Adaptive A* Xiaoxun Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalized Adaptive A* Xiaoxun Sun USC Computer Science Los Angeles, California xiaoxuns spaces changes. Adaptive A* [7] is a Cite as: Generalized Adaptive A*, Xiaoxun Sun, Sven Koenig

Yeoh, William

445

Generalized utility metrics for supercomputers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007:1–12 Generalized utility metrics for supercomputers 12.ISSUE PAPER Generalized utility metrics for supercomputersproblem of ranking the utility of supercom- puter systems

Strohmaier, Erich

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Recycling Automotive Scrap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Today's automobiles contain more plastic and less metal than ever. The metal from junked vehicles is easily recovered for Today's automobiles contain more plastic and less metal than ever. The metal from junked vehicles is easily recovered for reuse, but the remaining materials, called shredder residue, is creating new challenges for the vehicle recycling industry. Argonne National Laboratory is meeting these challenges head-on with innovative, award-winning solutions. With its on-site recycling pilot plant, Argonne is able to test actual materials, benchmark technologies, and demonstrate working

447

Automotive HCCI Engine Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

448

Automotive HCCI Engine Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C.

449

Automotive HCCI Engine Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit Review 2008 on February 25, 2008 in Bethesda, Maryland.

450

Second-Use Li-Ion Batteries to Aid Automotive and Utility Industries (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights in Research & Development, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Repurposing lithium-ion batteries at the end of useful life Repurposing lithium-ion batteries at the end of useful life in electric drive vehicles could eliminate owners' disposal concerns and offer low-cost energy storage for certain applications. Increasing the number of plug-in electric drive vehicles (PEVs) is one major strategy for reduc- ing the nation's oil imports and greenhouse gas emissions. However, the high up-front cost and end-of-service disposal concerns of their lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries could impede the proliferation of such vehicles. Re-using Li-ion batteries after their useful automotive life has been proposed as a way to remedy both matters. In response, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and its partners are conducting research to identify, assess, and verify profitable

451

Mass-Production Cost Estimation for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Brian D. James (Primary Contact), Kevin Baum, Andrew B. Spisak, Whitney G. Colella Strategic Analysis, Inc. 4075 Wilson Blvd. Suite 200 Arlington VA 22203 Phone: (703) 778-7114 Email: bjames@sainc.com DOE Managers HQ: Jason Marcinkoski, Phone: (202) 586-7466 Email: Jason.Marcinkoski@ee.doe.gov GO: Gregory Kleen Phone: (720) 356-1672 Email: Gregory.Kleen@go.doe.gov Contract Number: DE-EE0005236 Project Start Date: September 30, 2011 Project End Date: September 30, 2016 Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives Update 2011 automotive fuel cell cost model to include * latest performance data and system design information. Examine costs of fuel cell systems (FCSs) for light-duty * vehicle and bus applications.

452

A systems perspective on project management : interdependencies in the execution of capital projects in the automotive industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary focus of the thesis is the analysis of a project management tool in executing capital-intensive, multi-stakeholder projects. While the example in this thesis is the result of work at General Motors (GM)' Global ...

Knight, Victoria M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

General Employee Radiological Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE HANDBOOK GENERAL EMPLOYEE RADIOLOGICAL TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Not Measurement Sensitive This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-HDBK-1131-2007 iii Foreword This Handbook describes an implementation process for core training as recommended in chapter 14, Radiation Safety Training, of Implementation Guide G44.1B, Radiation Protection Programs Guide, and as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control Standard [RCS - DOE-STD-1098-99, Ch. 1]. The Handbook is meant to assist those individuals

454

Teacher and General Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne Argonne Science Project Ideas! Our Teacher and General Resources section provides you with online aids for learning about science, such as a tutorial of science equipment, as well as guides for the metric system. Please select any item below that interests you. Also, if you have an idea for a great teacher resource that we could share, please click our Ideas page. We would love to hear from you! Science Equipment Resources: Online Basic Laboratory Equipment Information An Introduction to Basic Laboratory Equipment All students need to know and understand the function of the equipment that they will be using in the science classroom. This exercise is to help students know a beaker from a bunsen burner! TSwift MB 3200 Microscope Online Tutorial Online Microscope Tutorial

455

Ocean General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect

1. Definition of Subject The purpose of this text is to provide an introduction to aspects of oceanic general circulation models (OGCMs), an important component of Climate System or Earth System Model (ESM). The role of the ocean in ESMs is described in Chapter XX (EDITOR: PLEASE FIND THE COUPLED CLIMATE or EARTH SYSTEM MODELING CHAPTERS). The emerging need for understanding the Earth’s climate system and especially projecting its future evolution has encouraged scientists to explore the dynamical, physical, and biogeochemical processes in the ocean. Understanding the role of these processes in the climate system is an interesting and challenging scientific subject. For example, a research question how much extra heat or CO2 generated by anthropogenic activities can be stored in the deep ocean is not only scientifically interesting but also important in projecting future climate of the earth. Thus, OGCMs have been developed and applied to investigate the various oceanic processes and their role in the climate system.

Yoon, Jin-Ho; Ma, Po-Lun

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

456

United States Attorney General  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

93, 5 U.S. Op. Off. Legal Counsel 1, 1981 WL 30865 (U.S.A.G.) 93, 5 U.S. Op. Off. Legal Counsel 1, 1981 WL 30865 (U.S.A.G.) United States Attorney General ***1 *293 January 16, 1981 **1 The President The White House Washington, D.C. 20500 MY DEAR MR. PRESIDENT: You have asked my opinion concerning the scope of currently existing legal and constitutional authorities for the continuance of government functions during a temporary lapse in appropriations, such as the Government sustained on October 1, 1980. As you know, some initial determination concerning the extent of these authorities had to be made in the waning hours of the last fiscal year in order to avoid extreme administrative confusion that might have arisen from Congress' failure timely to enact 11 of the 13 anticipated regular appropriations bills, FN;B1[FN1]FN;F1 or a

457

Contact for the Assistant General Counsel for General Law (GC...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Sue Wadel, Deputy Assistant General Counsel 202-586-4040 sue.wadel@hq.doe.gov Isiah Smith Jr., Deputy Assistant General Counsel 202-586-6724 isiah.smith@hq.doe.gov Yvonne...

458

Chapter 22 - General Concepts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The term Electronic Design Automation (EDA) refers to the tools that are used to design and verify integrated circuits (ICs), printed circuit boards (PCBs), and electronic systems, in general. Over time, these early computer-aided drafting tools evolved into interactive programs that performed integrated circuit layout. Other companies like Racal-Redac, SCI-Cards, and Telesis created equivalent layout programs for printed circuit boards. These integrated circuit and circuit board layout programs became known as Computer-Aided Design (CAD) tools. The companies promoting front-end tools for schematic capture and simulation classed them as Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE). The term “automation” refers to the ability for end-users to augment, customize, and drive the capabilities of electronic design and verification tools by means of a scripting language and associated support utilities. There are a wide variety of programming languages available, but—excepting specialist application areas—the most commonly used by far are traditional C and its object-oriented offspring, C++. A gate-level netlist refers to a circuit representation at the level of individual logic gates, registers, and other simple functions. The netlist will also specify the connections (wires) between the various gates and functions. A component-level netlist refers to a circuit representation at the level of individual components. System programming languages such as C, C++, and Java™ are designed to allow programmers to build data structures, algorithms, and—ultimately—applications from the ground up.

Clive Max Maxfield

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI, April, 2006 (draft) 1 MEASURING INDUSTRIAL ENERGY SAVINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEASURING INDUSTRIAL ENERGY SAVINGS Kelly Kissock and Carl Eger Department of Mechanical and Aerospace a general method for measuring industrial energy savings and demonstrates the method using a case study from- and post retrofit periods. In these cases, it is more difficult to measure energy savings and

Kissock, Kelly

460

nasa Office Of Inspector General  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nasa Office Of Inspector General S E m I A N N u A L r E P O r T october 1, 2010­march 31, 2011 #12;#12;FROM THE INSPECTOR GENERAL In January 2011, the NASA Office of Inspector General (OIG) took the unusual step of sending a letter to the Chairs and Ranking Members of NASA's congressional oversight

Christian, Eric

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Armenia; Australia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso African convention on the conservation of nature and natural resources March 25, 1957 General Belgium

Wolf, Aaron

462

OLEDS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this program was to reduce the long term technical risks that were keeping the lighting industry from embracing and developing organic light-emitting diode (OLED) technology for general illumination. The specific goal was to develop OLEDs for lighting to the point where it was possible to demonstrate a large area white light panel with brightness and light quality comparable to a fluorescence source and with an efficacy comparable to that of an incandescent source. it was recognized that achieving this would require significant advances in three area: (1) the improvement of white light quality for illumination, (2) the improvement of OLED energy efficiency at high brightness, and (3) the development of cost-effective large area fabrication techniques. The program was organized such that, each year, a ''deliverable'' device would be fabricated which demonstrated progress in one or more of the three critical research areas. In the first year (2001), effort concentrated on developing an OLED capable of generating high illumination-quality white light. Ultimately, a down-conversion method where a blue OLED was coupled with various down-conversion layers was chosen. Various color and scattering models were developed to aid in material development and device optimization. The first year utilized this approach to deliver a 1 inch x 1 inch OLED with higher illumination-quality than available fluorescent sources. A picture of this device is shown and performance metrics are listed. To their knowledge, this was the first demonstration of true illumination-quality light from an OLED. During the second year, effort concentrated on developing a scalable approach to large area devices. A novel device architecture consisting of dividing the device area into smaller elements that are monolithically connected in series was developed. In the course of this development, it was realized that, in addition to being scalable, this approach made the device tolerant to the most common OLED defect--electrical shorts. This architecture enabled the fabrication of a 6 inch x 6 inch OLED deliverable for 2002. A picture of this deliverable is shown and the performance metrics are listed. At the time, this was the highest efficiency, highest lumen output illumination-quality OLED in existence. The third year effort concentrated on improving the fabrication yield of the 6 inch x 6 inch devices and improving the underlying blue device efficiency. An efficiency breakthrough was achieved through the invention of a new device structure such that now 15 lumen per watt devices could be fabricated. A 2 feet x 2 feet OLED panel consisting of sixteen 6 inch x 6 inch high efficiency devices tiled together was then fabricated. Pictures of this panel are shown with performance metrics listed. This panel met all project objectives and was the final deliverable for the project. It is now the highest efficiency, highest lumen output, illumination-quality OLED in existence.

Anil Duggal; Don Foust; Chris Heller; Bill Nealon; Larry Turner; Joe Shiang; Nick Baynes; Tim Butler; Nalin Patel

2004-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

463

CPFFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 20 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

464

EFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 26 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2 AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Apr 2013) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

465

EFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 39 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2 AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Apr 2013) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

466

AES Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 18 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

467

SFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 2, 6/14/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 16 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

468

A study of generalized inverses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A STUDY OF GENERALIZED INVERSES A Thesis by NANCY LEE MCKINNEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1973 Major Subject: Mathematics A... STUDY OF GENERALIZED INVERSES A Thesis by NANCY LEE MCKINNEY Approved as to style and content by: airman o ittee Hea o epartment e er Me er August 1973 ABSTRACT A Study of Generalized Inverses. (August 1973) Nancy Lee NcKinney, B. A...

McKinney, Nancy Lee

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

SFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions 1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions Page 1 of 29 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

470

Extremality conditions for generalized channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A generalized channel is a completely positive map that preserves trace on a given subspace. We find conditions under which a generalized channel with respect to a positively generated subspace J is an extreme point in the set of all such generalized channels. As a special case, this yields extremality conditions for quantum protocols. In particular, we obtain new extremality conditions for quantum 1-testers with 2 outcomes, which correspond to yes/no measurements on the set of quantum channels.

Anna Jencova

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

471

Singularities of Generalized Parton Distributions  

SciTech Connect

The basic ideas of the theory of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) are reviewed. Recent developments in the study of singularities of GPDs are discussed.

Anatoly Radyushkin

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

472

Singularities of Generalized Parton Distributions  

SciTech Connect

Progress of recent work on modeling generalized parton distributions is given. Special attention was paid to study of their singularities structure.

Radyushkin, Anatoly V. [JLAB, Old Dominion U.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Current Trends in General Psychology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE programme for the morning session on August 9 of Section J (Psychology) of the British Association consisted of three papers discussing tendencies in general ... ) of the British Association consisted of three papers discussing tendencies in general psychology. The discussion presents certain difficulties to anyone attempting to summarize it, in that the ...

J. DREVER

1951-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

474

NASA OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL SEMIANNUAL REPORT October 1, 2012­March 31, 2013 #12;A-3 Rocket 9 rocket lifts off from Cape Canaveral NASA's Curiosity rover on the Martian surface The Sun captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory #12;October 1, 2012­March 31, 2013 FROM THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

475

Generalized Transforms and Special Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the properties of different type of transforms by means of operational methods and discuss the relevant interplay with many families of special functions. We consider in particular the binomial transform and its generalizations. A general method, based on the use of the Fourier transform technique, is proposed for the study of the properties of functions of operators.

G. Dattoli; E. Sabia

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

476

An Octane-Fueled Solid Oxide Fuel Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for the adoption of fuel cells for applications...not only reduces fuel consumption but also reduces...emission. Although fuel cells can achieve efficiencies...internal combustion engine, and H 2 is more...is, gasoline and diesel, has not been successful...

Zhongliang Zhan; Scott A. Barnett

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

477

An Experimental Investigation of Low Octane Gasoline in Diesel Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given at the 16th Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference in Detroit, MI, September 27-30, 2010.

478

Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation General Motors Technical Center  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

MI. 1-q Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation General Motors Technical Center Warren, Michigan 48090 January 21, 1977 Occupational Health Standards Branch Office of Standards Development U. S. Nuclear Requlatory Commission Washington, D.C. 20555 Attention: Mr. Robert E. Alexander, Chief Dear Mr. Alexander: In 1974, General Motors Corporation acquired a manufacturing plant in Adrian, Michigan. On October 21, 1976, General Motors announced that work would begin immediately to prepare the plant for manufacturing operations (Appendix A). A news release, made by Mr. Irving Loop of ERDA and carried by radio station WABJ of Adrian, Michigan on May 11, 1976, stated that natural uranium was handled in the plant after World War II and that

479

Selective hydrocracking of light naphtha cuts  

SciTech Connect

For the production of high-quality automotive gasolines, technology has been developed for a combined ''isoreforming'' process, in which hydrocracking of a heavy straight-run naphtha cut to give a high-octane component with an octane number of 84-86 (MM) is combined with catalytic reforming of the residual fraction from hydrocracking. The ''isoreforming'' technology can be used to produce AI-93 automotive gasolines with aromatic hydrocarbon contents of 45-49% by weight, without TEL, in yields of 78-82% by weight on the original feed. The authors also discuss a catalytic upgrading process for light straight-run naphtha distillates or raffinates from catalytic reforming. The influence of the depth of reaction in hydrocracking n-paraffins in the straight-run 62-105 degrees C cut on the yield of the C5-EP cut and its octane number is investigated.

Koslov, I.T.; Khavkin, V.A.; Nefedov, B.K.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

GENERAL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...learn much of its geology and natural history, and it will also...that even the principle of natural selection lies less deep...physiological selection. He accords to natural selection a suibordinate role...within it." IN Argentina, Cyprus and many other countries the...

1897-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "general automotive octane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Generalized spin systems and ? models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generalization of the SU(2) spin systems on a lattice and their continuum limit to an arbitrary compact group G is discussed. The continuum limits are, in general, nonrelativistic ?-model-type field theories targeted on a homogeneous space G/H, where H contains the maximal torus of G. In the ferromagnetic case the equations of motion derived from our continuum Lagrangian generalize the Landau-Lifshitz equations with quadratic dispersion relation for small wave vectors. In the antiferromagnetic case the dispersion law is always linear in the long-wavelength limit. The models become relativistic only when G/H is a symmetric space. Also discussed are a generalization of the Holstein-Primakoff representation of the SU(N) algebra, the topological term, and the existence of the instanton-type solutions in the continuum limit of the antiferromagnetic systems.

S. Randjbar-Daemi; Abdus Salam; J. Strathdee

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Finsler manifolds with general symmetries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we study generalized symmetric Finsler spaces. We first study symmetry preserving diffeomorphisms, then we show that the group of symmetry preserving diffeomorphisms is a transitive Lie transformation group. Finally we give some existence theorems.

Latifi, Dariush

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

The generalized second law of thermodynamics in generalized gravity theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the generalized second law of thermodynamics (GSL) in generalized theories of gravity. We examine the total entropy evolution with time including the horizon entropy, the non-equilibrium entropy production, and the entropy of all matter, field and energy components. We derive a universal condition to protect the generalized second law and study its validity in different gravity theories. In Einstein gravity, (even in the phantom-dominated universe with a Schwarzschild black hole), Lovelock gravity, and braneworld gravity, we show that the condition to keep the GSL can always be satisfied. In $f(R)$ gravity and scalar-tensor gravity, the condition to protect the GSL can also hold because the gravity is always attractive and the effective Newton constant should be approximate constant satisfying the experimental bounds.

Shao-Feng Wu; Bin Wang; Guo-Hong Yang; Peng-Ming Zhang

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

484

The Entire General Science Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Topics Archives General Topics Archives General Topics Archives, Since November 1991 Table of Contents: What Sciences are included in Earth Science? Magnetosphere Magnetic Compasses Aftershocks vs. Earthquakes Illinois Earthquakes Center of the Earth Why is the Earth round? Project Mohole Minerals, Rocks, or not? Water Origin of Saltwater Weight of Clouds Barometers Chaos and Weather Forecasting Lightning Strikes Tornado Spinning Tornado Safety in a Building Tornadoes and High Rise Structures Tornadoes Avoiding Downtown Chicago Coldest Temperature? Thermal Inversions Fog Blue Sky Gravitational pull vs. Atmospheric pressure Weights and Measures Science Demonstrations Cyanide Gas Bermuda Triangle X-30 Flower colors Ice Cream Headaches Rubber Egg Silver Dental Fillings and Aluminum Foil Birds and Wires

485

GENERAL@ELECTtiIC COMPINY  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

GENERAL@ELECTtiIC GENERAL@ELECTtiIC COMPINY ~9013 ~APPROVAL NO. 143 Article II, Section 8(b) PICHLAND, WASHINGTON .~. "ANFORD ATOMlC PlOD"CTS O*Ert*,ION ,. u/S; Atomic Energy Comisaion Hailfbrd operations Office Richland, Washington Attention: Mr. J. E. Travis, Manager Gentlemen: EXTRUSION OF URANIUM DIOXIDE FOR GENERAL ~ED&'RIC - APED The Atoinic Power Equipment Depart!++ of ~the The uranium dioxide necess :Material License No. C-3351. for establishing the value'of the.material will be developed with appropriate representatives of your office in accordance with established procedures. A small amount of scrap will be generated in the process but, since this will be usable and is needed in waging studies at Hanford, we do not propose to charge for reprocessing.

486

Generalized Macdonald-Ruijsenaars systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the polynomial representation of Double Affine Hecke Algebras (DAHAs) and construct its submodules as ideals of functions vanishing on the special collections of affine planes. This generalizes certain results of Kasatani in types A_n, (C_n^\\vee,C_n). We obtain commutative algebras of difference operators given by the action of invariant combinations of Cherednik-Dunkl operators in the corresponding quotient modules of the polynomial representation. This gives known and new generalized Macdonald-Ruijsenaars systems. Thus in the cases of DAHAs of types A_n and (C_n^\\vee,C_n) we derive Chalykh-Sergeev-Veselov operators and a generalization of the Koornwinder operator respectively, together with complete sets of quantum integrals in the explicit form.

M. Feigin; A. Silantyev

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Where Is the Surgeon General?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...job of the Surgeon General and the Public Health Service staff, will be vital. We rely on the National Institutes of Health for advances in health science; we rely on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for epidemiologic surveillance and disease tracking; we rely on the Public Health... As an unchecked Ebola epidemic moves out of West Africa to touch the United States and the rest of the world, we should rightfully ask, “Where is the Surgeon General?” The answer is, quite simply, that we do not have one. We face a growing crisis of ...

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

488

1 - Mobile Robots: General Concepts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents the fundamental general concepts of mobile robots that can move from one place to another autonomously within a predefined workspace to achieve their desired goals. Specifically, the chapter (i) provides a list of the main historical landmarks of general robotics and mobile robots, (ii) discusses the locomotion issues of ground (wheeled, legged) mobile robots, (iii) investigates the wheel and drive types of mobile robots (nonholonomic, omnidirectional) and, (iv) introduces the concepts of mobile robot degree of mobility, degree of steerability, and maneuverability.

Spyros G. Tzafestas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Historical Information H.1 General  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

1 1 . . General Book 1 Effects Evaluation- for Project Rulison, June 1969 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. . . . . . . . . . . - ,--- ..-... . . . 0 . , . , ~ , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L . < - ....:.-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - , , - . d - i , . .. * :=.:. 5 . . .:. : - . . . . . . : -.. .. ' . . - - .- - : . 7 : P . f l - ~ . - R - t f - . . . . . . . . . .;- .. +:.7'; . : : - . . . . . - . . . ..- : . . - ' . . - . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... . . .~ ~-.-- . . : - ., > .. , . .( . > - - . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 . . . . . . . ' : -. . . . - - _ _ . . - . . . . ' * . 1 . . . . . . . . . . . 4 . . 5 . . . . -- ' . . - ,. . , . . .... . . . * , . ; ) . , . ".ii . . - . '2-io- b . / . N V O - 4 3 ( F I

490

LFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Page 1 of 31 Page 1 of 31 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012) .......................................................................................................... 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 3 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4

491

BASICS OF GENERALIZED PARTON DISTRIBUTIONS  

SciTech Connect

A brief review of the theory of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) is given. We discuss the basic concepts of the GPD theory and relationship between GPDs and simpler phenomenological functions, viz. form factors, parton densities and distribution amplitudes. A special emphasis is given to the formulation of GPDs in terms of double distributions.

Anatoly Radyushkin

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Generalized parton distributions: recent results  

SciTech Connect

I review progress on selected issues connected with generalized parton distributions. Topics range from the description of hard exclusive reactions to the spatial distribution of quarks in the nucleon and the contribution of their orbital angular momentum to the nucleon spin.

Diehl, M. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchroton DESY, 22603 Hamburg (Germany)

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

493

Wind Turbine Blockset General Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Turbine Blockset in Saber General Overview and Description of the Models Florin Iov, Adrian Turbine Blockset in Saber Abstract. This report presents a new developed Saber Toolbox for wind turbine, optimize and design wind turbines". The report provides a quick overview of the Saber and then explains

494

Generalized teleportation and entanglement recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce new teleportation protocols which are generalizations of the original teleportation protocols that use the Pauli group [Bennett, et al. Physical Review Letters, 70(13) 1895-1899] and the port-based teleportation protocols, introduced by Hiroshima and Ishizaka [Physical Review Letters, 101(24) 240501], that use the symmetric permutation group. We derive sufficient condition for a set of operations, which in general need not form a group, to give rise to a teleportation protocol and provide examples of such schemes. This generalization leads to protocols with novel properties and is needed to push forward new schemes of computation based on them. Port-based teleportation protocols and our generalizations use a large resource state consisting of N singlets to teleport only a single qubit state reliably. We provide two distinct protocols which recycle the resource state to teleport multiple states with error linearly increasing with their number. The first protocol consists of sequentially teleporting qubit states, and the second teleports them in a bulk.

Sergii Strelchuk; Micha? Horodecki; Jonathan Oppenheim

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

495

GENERAL PRINCIPLES Art. 1 (Aims)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 STATUTE GENERAL PRINCIPLES Art. 1 (Aims) 1. The University of Torino (hereinafter "the organizational criteria suitable for its institutional purposes according to principles of efficacy, efficiency to determine the advancement and the allocation of the staff. This planning is based on principles of quality

Sproston, Jeremy

496

Interacting new generalized Chaplygin gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have presented a model in which the new generalized Chaplygin gas interacts with matter. We find that there exists a stable scaling solution at late times in the evolution of the universe. Moreover, the phantom crossing scenario is observed in this model.

Mubasher Jamil

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

497

General purpose programmable accelerator board  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A general purpose accelerator board and acceleration method comprising use of: one or more programmable logic devices; a plurality of memory blocks; bus interface for communicating data between the memory blocks and devices external to the board; and dynamic programming capabilities for providing logic to the programmable logic device to be executed on data in the memory blocks.

Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Witzke, Edward L. (Edgewood, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Destruction and formation of PCDD/Fs in a fluidised bed combustor co-incinerating automotive shredder residue with refuse derived fuel and wastewater treatment sludge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During an eight day trial automotive shredder residue (ASR) was added to the usual waste feed of a Fluidized Bed Combustor (FBC) for waste-to-energy conversion; the input waste mix consisted of 25% ASR, 25% refuse-derived fuel (RDF) and 50% wastewater treatment (WWT) sludge. All inputs and outputs were sampled and the concentration of the 17 PCDD/Fs with TEF-values was determined in order to obtain “PCDD/F fingerprints”. The ASR contained approximately 9000 ng PCDD/Fs/kgDW, six times more than the RDF and 10 times more than the WWT sludge. The fingerprint of ASR and RDF was dominated by HpCDD and OCDD, which accounted for 90% of the total PDDD/F content, whereas the WWT sludge contained relatively more HpCDFs and OCDF (together 70%). The flue gas cleaning residue (FGCR) and fly and boiler ash contained approximately 30,000 and 2500 ng PCDD/Fs/kgDW, respectively. The fingerprints of these outputs were also dominated by HpCDFs and OCDF. The bottom ash contained only OCDD and OCDF, in total 8 ng PCDD/Fs/kgDW. From the comparison of the bottom ash fingerprints with the fingerprints of the other output fractions and of the inputs, it could be concluded that the PCDD/Fs in the waste were destroyed and new PCDD/Fs were formed in the post combustion process by de novo synthesis. During the ASR-co-incineration, the PCDD/F congener concentrations in the fly and boiler ash, FGCR and flue gas were 1.25–10 times higher compared to the same output fractions generated during incineration of the usual waste mix (70% RDF and 30% WWT sludge). The concentration of the higher chlorinated PCDD/Fs increased most. As these congeners have the lowest TEF-factors, the total PCDD/F output, expressed in kg TEQ/year, of the FBC did not increase significantly when ASR was co-incinerated. Due to the relatively high copper levels in the ASR, the copper concentrations in the \\{FBCs\\} outputs increased. As copper catalysis the de novo syntheses, this could explain the increase in PCDD/F concentrations in these outputs.

J. Van Caneghem; I. Vermeulen; C. Block; A. Van Brecht; P. Van Royen; M. Jaspers; G. Wauters; C. Vandecasteele

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

United States General Accounting Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington, DC 20548 Washington, DC 20548 Comptroller General of the United States Decision Matter of: The Jones/Hill Joint Venture File: B-286194.4; B-286194.5; B-286194.6 Date: December 5, 2001 William A. Roberts III, Esq., Phillip H. Harrington, Esq., William S. Lieth, Esq., and Janet L. Eichers, Esq., Wiley, Rein & Fielding, for the protester. Marvin D. Norman, Esq., Vicki E. O'Keefe, Esq., and Robert E. Little, Jr., Esq., Department of the Navy, for the agency. Louis A. Chiarella, Esq., John L. Formica, Esq., and James A. Spangenberg, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, GAO, participated in the preparation of the decision. DIGEST 1. A conflict of interest existed in an Office of Management and Budget Circular A-76 commercial activities study where a Navy employee and a private-sector consultant

500

LFS Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dated 5-20-13 Dated 5-20-13 Subcontract No. 241314 Page 1 of 19 EXHIBIT "A" GENERAL CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS GC Title Page GC-1 DEFINITIONS (Aug 2012 - Deviation) ........................................................................................ 3 GC-2A AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NOTICES (Jan 2010) ........................................................................................................................................... 4 GC-3 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR (Jun 2009) ............................................................................. 4 GC-4 SUBCONTRACT INTERPRETATION (Jun 2009) ...................................................................... 4 GC-5 NOTICE TO PROCEED (Jul 2011)............................................................................................. 4