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1

Gender Equality and Female Empowerment Policy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GENDER EQUALITY GENDER EQUALITY AND FEMALE EMPOWERMENT POLICY USAID POLICY MARCH 2012 "Achieving our objectives for global development will demand accelerated efforts to achieve gender equality and women's empowerment. Otherwise, peace and prosperity will have their own glass ceiling." Hillary Clinton JANUARY 2012 USAID GENDER EQUALITY AND FEMALE EMPOWERMENT POLICY MARCH 2012 WASHINGTON, DC i Photo credits: Cover (clockwise from top left): Erwin Rose/USAID;The Hunger Project; Unilever Tea Tanzania, Limited (UTTL); page 5,The Hunger Project; page 18, Erwwin Rose/USAID; page 20, Karen Homer/AWARD. ii USAID Policy on Gender Equality and Female Empowerment Table of Contents TABLE OF CONTENTS Message from the Administrator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv

2

Gender Identity in Action: Chinese Female Activists’ Gender Repertoires in a Globalizing Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sociology, UCSD 2008 Thinking Gender Conference ReferencesMarie Goetz. 1997. “Who Needs [Sex] When You have [Gender]?Conflicting Discourse on Gender in Beijing. ” Feminist

Han, Ling

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

A Case Study of Gender Bias at the Postdoctoral Level in Physics, and its Resulting Impact on the Academic Career Advancement of Females  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This case study of a typical U.S. particle physics experiment explores the issues of gender bias and how it affects the academic career advancement prospects of women in the field of physics beyond the postdoctoral level; we use public databases to study the career paths of the full cohort of 57 former postdoctoral researchers on the Run II Dzero experiment to examine if males and females were treated in a gender-blind fashion on the experiment. The study finds that the female researchers were on average significantly more productive compared to their male peers, yet were allocated only 1/3 the amount of conference presentations based on their productivity. The study also finds that the dramatic gender bias in allocation of conference presentations appeared to have significant negative impact on the academic career advancement of the females.

Towers, S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

A Case Study of Gender Bias at the Postdoctoral Level in Physics, and its Resulting Impact on the Academic Career Advancement of Females  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This case study of a typical U.S. particle physics experiment explores the issues of gender bias and how it affects the academic career advancement prospects of women in the field of physics beyond the postdoctoral level; we use public databases to study the career paths of the full cohort of 57 former postdoctoral researchers on the Run II Dzero experiment to examine if males and females were treated in a gender-blind fashion on the experiment. The study finds that the female researchers were on average significantly more productive compared to their male peers, yet were allocated only 1/3 the amount of conference presentations based on their productivity. The study also finds that the dramatic gender bias in allocation of conference presentations appeared to have significant negative impact on the academic career advancement of the females. The author has a PhD in particle physics and worked for six years as a postdoctoral research scientist, five of which were spent collaborating at Fermilab. She is currently completing a graduate degree in statistics.

S. Towers

2008-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

5

Gender determination in populus  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Gender, the expression of maleness or femaleness, in dioecious plants has been associated with changes in morphology, physiology, ecological position, and commercial importance of several species, including members of the Salicaceae family. Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the expression of gender in Salicaceae, including sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian genes, quantitative genes, environment, and genotype-by-environment interactions. Published reports would favor a genetic basis for gender. The objective of this study was to identify molecular markers associated with gender in a segregating family of hybrid poplars. Bulked segregant analysis and chi-squared analysis were used to test for the occurrence of sex chromosomes, individual loci, and chromosome ratios (i.e., ploidy levels) as the mechanisms for gender determination. Examination of 2488 PCR based RAPD markers from 1219 primers revealed nine polymorphic bands between male and female bulked samples. However, linkage analysis indicated that none of these markers were significantly associated with gender. Chisquared results for difference in male-to-female ratios between diploid and triploid genotypes also revealed no significant differences. These findings suggest gender is not controlled via sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian loci or ratios of autosome to gender-determining loci. It is possible that gender is determined genetically by regions of the genome not sampled by the tested markers or by a complex of loci operating in an additive threshold manner or in an epistatic manner. It is also possible that gender is determined environmentally at an early zygote stage, canalizing gender expression.

McLetchie, D.N. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences; Tuskan, G.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

6

DEPENDENT CHILD NAME (LAST) (FIRST) (M.I.) SUFFIX SEX MALE FEMALE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or their account to any unaffiliated company, group, or individual without our Customer's permission. Our SecurityDEPENDENT CHILD NAME (LAST) (FIRST) (M.I.) SUFFIX SEX MALE FEMALE SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER BIRTH DATE SECURITY NUMBER BIRTH DATE FULL-TIME HIRE DATE COVERAGE EFFECTIVE DATE STATUS Active COBRA Retiree

Reynolds, Albert C.

7

Death Penalty: How Newspaper Coverage Has Perpetuated Negative Stereotypes about Female Violence & Gender Roles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

calmly…”(Hicks, 1989). Gender Stereotypes (12Total): A)3). Demeanor Total: 4). Gender Stereotypes a). Feminine b).System. ” Columbia Journal of Gender and the Law, 11, 38.

Kraybill, Jeanine E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Head black woman in charge: An investigation of how black female athletic directors negotiate their race, gender, and class identities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Framed as an instrumental case study, the purpose of this investigation was to understand how a select group of women, Black female athletic directors, define and negotiate their race, gender, and class identities. Data was collected via a qualitative indepth semi-structured interview methodology. The women who were chosen for this research are Black female athletic directors of NCAA Division I, II, and III intercollegiate athletic departments. The data analysis consisted of coding the data at two levels: first-level coding and pattern coding, and following the coding process, the emergent findings were compared with the identity negotiation theory (i.e. selfverification and behavioral confirmation processes) in order to understand how the Black female athletic directors negotiated their race, gender, and class identities. This investigation found that Black women athletic directors used two different denotations (i.e. African American and Black) to reference their racial identity, and race was the most salient identity because of their upbringings, childhood experiences, and dealings with racism. All of the women are heterosexual, but insufficient data did not allow a full understanding how they define their gender identity. In describing their class status, the majority of the women came from a traditionally defined lower socioeconomic class background, but as a result of their athletic director appointment they now reside in the middle or upper middle economic class status. In understanding how Black female athletic directors negotiate their identities within and outside the athletic department, and what factors are associated with the negotiation of their identities, this investigation found that the Black women athletic directors had to establish, maintain, and change their race, gender, and class identities with the utilization of various self-verification and behavioral confirmation strategies. These negotiations were conducted in response to the expectations that ensued as a result of their role in a leadership position, lesbian, intra- and inter-racial interactions, and exposure to lesbian, Mammy, and Sapphire stereotypes.

McDowell, Jacqueline

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Medical Waiver Male participants over 45 years of age and female participants over 55 years of age are required  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medical Waiver Male participants over 45 years of age and female participants over 55 years of age are required to submit a Medical Waiver signed by their physician before participation in the Recreation of heart disease) are required to submit the Medical Waiver signed by their physician regardless

Spence, Harlan Ernest

10

Male 6Female Interaction for a Pre-Copulatory Trait, but Not a Post-Copulatory Trait, among Cosmopolitan Populations of Drosophila melanogaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sexual coevolution occurs when changes in the phenotype of one sex select for changes in the other sex. We can identify the ‘‘footprint’ ’ of this coevolution by mating males and females from different populations and testing for a male-female genotype interaction for a trait associated with male (or female) performance. Here we mated male Drosophila melanogaster from five different continents with females from their own and different continents to test for a male-female interaction for mating speed, a pre-copulatory trait, and female reproductive investment, a post-copulatory trait. We found a strong malefemale interaction for mating speed, consistent with previous studies using different populations, suggesting that the potential for sexual coevolution for this trait is present in this species. In contrast, we did not detect a male-female interaction for female reproductive investment. Although a male-female interaction for mating speed is compatible with the hypothesis of ongoing sexual coevolution, the nature of our experimental design is unable to exclude alternate explanations. Thus, the evolutionary mechanisms promoting male-female genotype interactions for pre-copulatory mating

Alison Pischedda; Andrew D. Stewart; Monica K. Little

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

The Impact a Diversity Culture Has on the "Think Manager, Think Male" Stereotype: A Social Identity Theory of Leadership Perspective on Gender Stereotypes in Sport Organizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Women in intercollegiate athletics have faced numerous challenges in breaking through the "glass ceiling." This issue has received a plethora of attention in the literature; however, the impact of culture on leadership stereotypes has yet to be evaluated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the impact a diversity culture may or may not have on gendered leadership stereotypes. Utilizing the social identity theory of leadership and the expectations of gender stereotypes, I predicted men would be considered more prototypical of a sport organization than would women. Moving forward, I argued culture would moderate this relationship. Specifically, women would be considered more prototypical in a proactive culture (diversity viewed as an asset), whereas men would be perceived as more prototypical in compliant cultures (diversity viewed as a liability). Finally, when a leader was determined as prototypical, then (s)he would be rated as more effective than nonprototypical leaders. A 2 (culture: compliant, proactive) by 2 (leader's sex: male, female) design was employed to determine the relationship between culture, sex and leadership prototypicality. Respondents to this research experiment included students participating in activity classes at a major Southwest University (N = 278). Respondents were first asked to read through two scenarios: one describing culture and the other manipulating the leader. Next, they were asked to complete a series of items to measure prototypicality and leadership effectiveness. Results indicated the manipulation in the scenarios was successful. A majority of the respondents correctly identified the leader?s sex (N = 241), and a proactive culture was viewed as supporting diversity when compared to a compliant culture (F [1, 274] = 120.83, p .05, n2 =.001), and culture did not affect prototypicality ratings (b = -.04, p greater than .05). However, culture did have a significant positive relationship with leadership effectiveness (b = 21, p less than .01). Prototypicality was significantly positively related to leadership effectiveness (b = .54, p less than .001), thus supporting the third hypothesis.

Aicher, Thomas Joseph

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Flaxseed in Human Nutrition, 2nd EditionChapter 19 Effect of Flaxseed Consumption on Male and Female Reproductive Function and Fetal Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flaxseed in Human Nutrition, 2nd Edition Chapter 19 Effect of Flaxseed Consumption on Male and Female Reproductive Function and Fetal Development Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - N

13

Gender Diversity in Corporate Leadership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Female Lead- ership and Gender Equity: Evidence from PlantCSW upda te NOVEMBER 2011 Gender Diversity in CorporateF emale Leadership and Gender Equity: Evi- dence from Plant

McLean, Lindsey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Pesticide use knowledge and practices: A gender differences in Nepal  

SciTech Connect

It is important to understand gender difference on pesticide use knowledge, attitude and practices for identifying pesticide risks by gender and to recommend more gender-sensitive programs. However, very few studies have been conducted so far in Nepal. This study, thus, interviewed a total of 325 males and 109 females during 2005 to assess gender differences on pesticide use knowledge, attitude and practices. More than 50% females had never been to school and only <8% individuals were found trained in Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Almost all males and females did not smoke, drink and eat during pesticides application and also believed that pesticides are harmful to human health, livestock, plant diversity and their environment. However, there were gender differences on household decision on pesticides to be used (p<0.001), care of wind direction during spraying (p=0.032), prior knowledge on safety measures (p=0.016), reading and understanding of pesticides labels (p<0.001), awareness of the labels (p<0.001) and protective covers. Almost all respondents were aware of negative impacts of pesticide use on human health and environment irrespective of gender; however, females were at higher risk due to lower level of pesticide use safety and awareness. It is strongly recommended to initiate gender-sensitive educational and awareness activities, especially on pesticide use practices and safety precautions.

Atreya, Kishor [Alternative Development and Research Center (ADRC), GPO BOX 20078, Kathmandu (Nepal)]. E-mail: k.atreya@gmail.com

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

15

Perceived Gender Atypicality on High and Low Gender Role Rigidity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research was to study the physiological, emotional, and cognitive response to gender role threats in individuals with high and low gender role rigidity. Participants were selected based on their responses to the Masculine and Feminine Gender Role Stress scale (MGRS &FGRS) completed during a pre-screening session. At the test session, participants (41 men and 45 women) completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) and a mating preferences questionnaire using the 13 criteria from Buss and Barnes that measured the strength of self-identification with traditionally masculine and feminine gender roles, levels of stress with their reported gender role, and preferences for prospective partners? gender-related traits and behaviors. After completing the questionnaire measures, participants viewed 20 pictures presented on a computer monitor depicting typical and atypical female gender role job professions (e.g. nurse and a construction worker), as well as typical and atypical male gender role job professions (e.g. businessman and a receptionist). During the 20-minute presentation of pictures, an eye tracker recorded visual attention and a heart rate activity watch monitored physiological response. At the end of the session, automatic cognitive responses were measured by having participants recall the content of the pictures they had viewed. Results suggest a difference in visual attention and emotional response between atypical and typical pictures, as well as a difference between the high and low gender role rigidity groups, such that compared to the low gender role rigidity group, the high gender role rigidity group showed an increase in correct responses of gender typical pictures on the memory task. Gender role rigidity influenced masculinity and femininity as well as certain mate preferences. Preliminary analyses of physiological responses to the pictures show a difference between men and women, and between high and low gender role stress groups. The results of this study will further our understanding of how learned stereotypes shape automatic cognitive processes, such as visual attention and memory, and how the rigidity of an individual?s gender role influences emotional and physiological reactions to the various situations.

Howarth, Aimee M.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Reduced Metabolsim in Brain 'Control Networks' Following Cocaine-Cues Exposure in Female Cocaine Abusers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gender differences in vulnerability for cocaine addiction have been reported. Though the mechanisms are not understood, here we hypothesize that gender differences in reactivity to conditioned-cues, which contributes to relapse, are involved. To test this we compared brain metabolism (using PET and {sup 18}FDG) between female (n = 10) and male (n = 16) active cocaine abusers when they watched a neutral video (nature scenes) versus a cocaine-cues video. Self-reports of craving increased with the cocaine-cue video but responses did not differ between genders. In contrast, changes in whole brain metabolism with cocaine-cues differed by gender (p<0.05); females significantly decreased metabolism (-8.6% {+-} 10) whereas males tended to increase it (+5.5% {+-} 18). SPM analysis (Cocaine-cues vs Neutral) in females revealed decreases in frontal, cingulate and parietal cortices, thalamus and midbrain (p<0.001) whereas males showed increases in right inferior frontal gyrus (BA 44/45) (only at p<0.005). The gender-cue interaction showed greater decrements with Cocaine-cues in females than males (p<0.001) in frontal (BA 8, 9, 10), anterior cingulate (BA 24, 32), posterior cingulate (BA 23, 31), inferior parietal (BA 40) and thalamus (dorsomedial nucleus). Females showed greater brain reactivity to cocaine-cues than males but no differences in craving, suggesting that there may be gender differences in response to cues that are not linked with craving but could affect subsequent drug use. Specifically deactivation of brain regions from 'control networks' (prefrontal, cingulate, inferior parietal, thalamus) in females could increase their vulnerability to relapse since it would interfere with executive function (cognitive inhibition). This highlights the importance of gender tailored interventions for cocaine addiction.

Volkow, N.D.; Wang, G.; Volkow, N.D.; Tomasi, D.; Wang, G.-J.; Fowler, J.S.; Telang, F.; Goldstein, R.Z.; Alia-Klein, N.; Wong, C.T.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Gender-specific blood?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gender-specific blood? Name: Charlie Fuentes Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Is a female human's blood thinner than a man's? What is the average temperature...

18

Documenting Gender  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programs covered a range of gender confirmation health carewho had begun receiving gender- reassignment services priorMinnesota Public Benefits and Gender Reassignment, http://

Spade, Dean

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Gender differences in methionine accumulation and metabolism in freshly isolated mouse hepatocytes: Potential roles in toxicity  

SciTech Connect

L-Methionine (Met) is hepatotoxic at high concentrations. Because Met toxicity in freshly isolated mouse hepatocytes is gender-dependent, the goal of this study was to assess the roles of Met accumulation and metabolism in the increased sensitivity of male hepatocytes to Met toxicity compared with female hepatocytes. Male hepatocytes incubated with Met (30 mM) at 37 {sup o}C exhibited higher levels of intracellular Met at 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 h, respectively, compared to female hepatocytes. Conversely, female hepatocytes had higher levels of S-adenosyl-L-methionine compared to male hepatocytes. Female hepatocytes also exhibited higher L-methionine-L-sulfoxide levels relative to control hepatocytes, whereas the increases in L-methionine-D-sulfoxide (Met-D-O) levels were similar in hepatocytes of both genders. Addition of aminooxyacetic acid (AOAA), an inhibitor of Met transamination, significantly increased Met levels at 1.5 h and increased Met-D-O levels at 1.0 and 1.5 h only in Met-exposed male hepatocytes. No gender differences in cytosolic Met transamination activity by glutamine transaminase K were detected. However, female mouse liver cytosol exhibited higher methionine-DL-sulfoxide (MetO) reductase activity than male mouse liver cytosol at low (0.25 and 0.5 mM) MetO concentrations. Collectively, these results suggest that increased cellular Met accumulation, decreased Met transmethylation, and increased Met and MetO transamination in male mouse hepatocytes may be contributing to the higher sensitivity of the male mouse hepatocytes to Met toxicity in comparison with female mouse hepatocytes.

Dever, Joseph T. [Department of Comparative Biosciences and Molecular and Environmental Toxicology Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin (United States); Elfarra, Adnan A. [Department of Comparative Biosciences and Molecular and Environmental Toxicology Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin (United States)], E-mail: aelfarra@wisc.edu

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Impact of Gender, Partner Status, and Race on Locoregional Failure and Overall Survival in Head and Neck Cancer Patients in Three Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Trials  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: We investigated the impact of race, in conjunction with gender and partner status, on locoregional control (LRC) and overall survival (OS) in three head and neck trials conducted by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG). Methods and Materials: Patients from RTOG studies 9003, 9111, and 9703 were included. Patients were stratified by treatment arms. Covariates of interest were partner status (partnered vs. non-partnered), race (white vs. non-white), and sex (female vs. male). Chi-square testing demonstrated homogeneity across treatment arms. Hazards ratio (HR) was used to estimate time to event outcome. Unadjusted and adjusted HRs were calculated for all covariates with associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and p values. Results: A total of 1,736 patients were analyzed. Unpartnered males had inferior OS rates compared to partnered females (adjusted HR = 1.22, 95% CI, 1.09-1.36), partnered males (adjusted HR = 1.20, 95% CI, 1.09-1.28), and unpartnered females (adjusted HR = 1.20, 95% CI, 1.09-1.32). White females had superior OS compared with white males, non-white females, and non-white males. Non-white males had inferior OS compared to white males. Partnered whites had improved OS relative to partnered non-white, unpartnered white, and unpartnered non-white patients. Unpartnered males had inferior LRC compared to partnered males (adjusted HR = 1.26, 95% CI, 1.09-1.46) and unpartnered females (adjusted HR = 1.30, 95% CI, 1.05-1.62). White females had LRC superior to non-white males and females. White males had improved LRC compared to non-white males. Partnered whites had improved LRC compared to partnered and unpartnered non-white patients. Unpartnered whites had improved LRC compared to unpartnered non-whites. Conclusions: Race, gender, and partner status had impacts on both OS and locoregional failure, both singly and in combination.

Dilling, Thomas J., E-mail: Thomas.Dilling@moffitt.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida (United States); Bae, Kyounghwa; Paulus, Rebecca [Department of Statistics, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Watkins-Bruner, Deborah [School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Garden, Adam S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Forastiere, Arlene [Departments of Oncology, Radiation Oncology, and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Kian Ang, K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Movsas, Benjamin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan (United States)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Gender Recognition Based on Sift Features  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper proposes a robust approach for face detection and gender classification in color images. Previous researches about gender recognition suppose an expensive computational and time-consuming pre-processing step in order to alignment in which face images are aligned so that facial landmarks like eyes, nose, lips, chin are placed in uniform locations in image. In this paper, a novel technique based on mathematical analysis is represented in three stages that eliminates alignment step. First, a new color based face detection method is represented with a better result and more robustness in complex backgrounds. Next, the features which are invariant to affine transformations are extracted from each face using scale invariant feature transform (SIFT) method. To evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm, experiments have been conducted by employing a SVM classifier on a database of face images which contains 500 images from distinct people with equal ratio of male and female.

Yousefi, Sahar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Fighting with Gender: Understanding the Contemporary Combat Experiences of Servicewomen and Servicemen in the United States Military  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the integration of women into the United States armed forces, servicemen have been expected to be the fighters while servicewomen largely occupied safe or nurturing support roles as dictated by American society at large. The ground combat exclusion policy, which officially barred women from all positions involving ground fighting, limited women to support units which, in theory, were strategically located in the rear and far removed from the dangers of the front lines. As we experienced in the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, the differentiation of gender roles became irrelevant in asymmetrical wars with no established front lines. Female soldiers found themselves in a variety of combat situations of indirect and direct nature, as I learned through the qualitative interviews that I conducted at Fort Hood, Texas, and Fort Bragg, North Carolina. In this dissertation, I examined the narratives of female and male soldiers who experienced combat in Afghanistan and Iraq, to discern: 1) whether females and males discussed their scenarios differently; 2) whether experiencing combat affected soldiers’ ideas about their various gender roles; 3) whether perceptions on servicewomen’s combat participation differed by sex; and 4) whether soldiers’ opinions on women’s inclusion in combat arms military occupation specialties differed by sex. What I found in my study was that: 1) female and male soldiers largely discussed their combat experiences in similar ways; 2) while familial gender roles were largely unchanged as a result of combat deployment, the majority of female and male soldiers perceived changes in their roles as women and men – where women often discussed feeling stronger, empowered, and independent, and men often identified their changes in terms of maturity and personal growth; 3) that exposure to women’s roles in combat deployments had a more positive effect on the perceptions of male soldiers than those of female soldiers; and 4) that both female and male participants largely disagreed with the ground combat exclusion policy for women.

Serrato, Margie

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

A novel mutation in the putative DNA helicase XH2 is responsible for male-to-female sex reversal associated with an atypical form of the ATR-X syndrome  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a pedigree presenting X-linked severe mental retardation associated with multiple congenital abnormalities and 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis, leading in one family member to female gender assignment. Female carriers are unaffected. The dysmorphic features are similar to those described in the {alpha}-thalassemia and mental retardation (ATR-X) syndrome, although there is no clinical evidence of {alpha}-thalassemia in this family. In addition, the family had other clinical features not previously observed in the ATR-X syndrome, including partial optic-nerve atrophy and partial ocular albinism. Mutations in a putative DNA helicase, termed XH2, have been reported to give rise to the ATR-X syndrome. We screened the YCH2 gene for mutations in affected members of the family and identified a 4-bp deletion at an intron/exon boundary that removes an invariant 3{prime} splice-acceptor site. The mutation cosegregates with the syndrome. The genomic deletion causes missplicing of the pre-mRNA, which results in the loss of 8 bp of coding sequence, thereby generating a frameshift and a downstream premature stop codon. Our finding increases the range of clinical features associated with mutations in the XH2 gene. 17 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Ion, A.; Telvi, L.; Galacteros, F.; McElreavey, K. [Institut Pasteur, Paris (France)] [and others

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Are Virtual Teams More Just? An Investigation of How Reducing Social Categorization Can Increase Female Participation in Male-Dominated Teams.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organizations use work teams to solve complex problems in innovative ways. As such, an abundance of diverse ideas, suggestions, and information should help organizations generate quality products and remain competitive. Yet, there is research which shows that women do not participate as much as men in face-to-face team interactions. Women often get fewer speaking turns than men, they speak for shorter lengths of time, and they are interrupted more often than men. As a result, women?s ideas may often be overlooked in work settings. This is problematic, because women make up 46 percent of the United States workforce, and not being active participants in meetings could results in underutilization of roughly half of the firm?s human capital. This study investigated whether the order of face-to-face and virtual communication used by virtual teams could be used as one means of increasing inclusion and participation of women in male-dominated teams. Results from 82 teams confirmed that women felt more included in the team when they communicated virtually first and then face-to-face as opposed to face-to-face first and then virtually. Findings supported a four-stage model where the medium of communication influences feelings of inclusion which influences participation (both self-reported and objective). Participation, in turn, influences perceptions of interpersonal justice, satisfaction with the team, and ratings received from team members. An objective measure of participation and team performance ratings from five independent raters also show that the more equally team members participate and the higher the team?s total communication volume, in both total speaking turns and words spoken, the higher the team?s ratings and the more creative the team?s output was judged to be.

Triana, Mary C.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Effects of estrogen and gender on cataractogenesis induced by high-LET radiation  

SciTech Connect

Planning for long-duration manned lunar and interplanetary missions requires an understanding of radiation-induced cataractogenesis. Previously, it was demonstrated that low-linear energy transfer (LET) irradiation with 10 Gy of {sup 60}Co {gamma} rays resulted in an increased incidence of cataracts in male rats compared to female rats. This gender difference was not due to differences in estrogen, since male rats treated with the major secreted estrogen 17-{beta}-estradiol (E2) showed an identical increase compared to untreated males. We now compare the incidence and rate of progression of cataracts induced by high-LET radiation in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats received a single dose of 1 Gy of 600 MeV {sup 56}Fe ions. Lens opacification was measured at 2-4 week intervals with a slit lamp. The incidence and rate of progression of radiation-induced cataracts was significantly increased in the animals in which estrogen was available from endogenous or exogenous sources. Male rats with E2 capsules implanted had significantly higher rates of progression compared to male rats with empty capsules implanted (P = 0.025) but not compared to the intact female rats. These results contrast with data obtained after low-LET irradiation and suggest the possibility that the different types of damage caused by high- and low-LET radiation may be influenced differentially by steroid sex hormones.

Henderson, M.A.; Rusek, A.; Valluri, S.; Garrett, J.; Lopez, J.; Caperell-Grant, A.; Mendonca, M.; Bigsby, R.; Dynlacht, J.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Gender and lexical access in Bulgarian  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two procedures were used to explore the effects of semantic and grammatical gender on the recognition and processing of Bulgarian nouns, in relation to other factors that are known to affect lexical access. This study in a three-gender language was modeled on previous work in Italian, a two-gender language (Bates, Devescovi, Pizzamiglio, D’Amico, & Hernandez, 1995). Words were presented auditorily in randomized lists in two tasks: (1) repeat the word as quickly as possible and (2) determine the grammatical gender of the noun as soon as possible and indicate the decision by pressing a button. Reaction times in both tasks were influenced by phonological factors, word frequency, and irregularity of gender marking, but semantic and grammatical gender affected only gender monitoring. The significant contribution of semantic gender to processing in Bulgarian contrasts with previous findings for Italian. Also, we obtained an interaction between sex of the subject and noun gender, reflecting a bias toward one’s own grammatical gender “counterpart ” (especially for females). Reanalysis of the prior study in Italian showed a similar interaction but confirmed no effects of the semantic gender of the noun, suggesting that these two natural gender effects can dissociate. Possible reasons for cross-linguistic differences are discussed, with implications for comparative studies of gender and lexical access. Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the nature

Elena Andonova; Antonella Devescovi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Not a One-Way Street: Exploring the Role of Intersectional Representation on African American Male Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Representation is an enduring area of research in Political Science. While there has been an extensive amount of research in the area of minority representation, there is substantially less work considering multiple identities. Using the concept of intersectionality, this dissertation explores the role of multiple identities in representation. I argue that intersectional representation, that is, representation based on multiple identities provides a thorough interpretation of real world phenomena. To test my arguments, I utilize quantitative methods to empirically assess the role of intersectional representation on public policy outcomes. The goal of this dissertation is three-fold. First, I incorporate the concept of intersectionality of race and gender into the public policy and public management literature. Second, I explore intersectionality and representation with gender from a perspective that has not been extensively addressed in the political science literature—namely, a concentration on males, instead of females. Third, I develop a theory of intersectional representation which links to public policy outcomes. In order to test my theory, I explore the role of Black male representation in the bureaucracy and in local political bodies on Black male student outcomes. I find that representation based on both race and gender is associated with both positive and negative public policy outcomes for Black male students. Specifically, in Chapter I, the results indicate that Black male teachers are associated with a decreased presence of Black male students in low tracked courses and upper level honors courses. The following chapter shows that intersectional political representation, that is, Black male school board representation, is also associated with positive outcomes for Black male students. The last empirical chapter indicates that intersectional stability is associated with an increase of Black male students in low track courses. In general, the findings indicate that intersectional representation is consequential for public policy outcomes, both in negative and positive ways. The dissertation challenges the way representation is conceptualized, as to capture the simultaneous effect of both race and gender on public policy outcomes of represented groups.

Walker, Meredith Brooke Loudd

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Un-Thinking Gender?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is to illuminate the role Thinking Gender plays and might belaboratory conceit because Thinking Gender interdisciplinaryFEBRUARY 2013 Un-Thinking Gender? incubator of rigorous

Lee, Rachel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Gender and Criminality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Documents to Match your Gender Identity 16, 40, 27 (2009).at 237. 119. Id. at 250. GENDER NONCONFORMING PRISONERS ble.FEMINISM AND THE (TRANS)GENDER ENTRAPMENT OF GENDER

Duley, Kolleen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Gender Equity and Fertility in European Below-Replacement Fertility Countries: Poland and Estonia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Much of the recent scholarly attention has been devoted to the low fertility situation experienced by a growing number of developed countries. In this context, the theoretical framework explicitly incorporating the issues of gender in explanations of low fertility has been gaining notable popularity. This dissertation is focused primarily on the application of McDonald's theory of gender equity to the fertility context of two post-communist "low" and "very low" fertility countries, namely Poland and Estonia. Additionally, it tests the relative importance of gender equity at the societal level and the level of the family, contrasts the results of using different operationalizations of gender equity in the family, and compares the effects of gender equity on male and female fertility. I estimate two sex-specific models for Poland and two-sex specific models for Estonia, which respectively use three and two independent variables capturing gender equity in different institutions as well as in the family. All the models use intended fertility as the dependent variable operationalized as either the intention to have the second or higher order birth or the number of additional children intended. The main findings of this dissertation support the gendered explanation of low fertility in Poland and Estonia. More specifically, they indicate that gender equity in the family significantly increases fertility intentions of Polish men and women and Estonian women but not men. However, in none of the models there is evidence that gender equity in institutions outside the family matters to fertility. All in all, the findings support the gendered approach to fertility. The results of my dissertation indicate that it is important to pay attention to how we measure gender equity. I observe some variation in the findings depending on how stringent definition of equity is used. Finally, my research suggests that the importance of gender equity for women's fertility might be more universal but it is also not completely irrelevant to the fertility of men. I conclude this dissertation with a discussion of the implications of my findings and the potential for future development of research in this area.

Iwinska-Nowak, Anna Malgorzata

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Laying Eggs without Males  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laying Eggs without Males Laying Eggs without Males Name: brian Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I have two fenches one is a spice the other is a social. I have them in a pretty big cage were they can fly around. I thought the pet store gave me two girls. But in thier nest is two eggs. Can a girl lay eggs without a male? And if there is a chance one is a male how long should I wait for the babies? If there is no babies how long should I wait to threw out the egg so they don't smell. And if i move them to diiiferent cages will they die because they are alone? Replies: Females of many species are known to lay eggs without copulation. However, you may have a pair [I'm not familiar with this species]. See if the female is sitting on the eggs. If so, it probably means that the eggs are fertile or at least could be. When the nesting behavior stops, that is a good indication that the eggs are not viable. Remove them at that time.

32

Sex and Gender  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigating ethnic and gender identities as expressed onYork: Routledge. 2010 Gender in ancient Egypt. In EgyptianCompton et al. 1997 Women and gender in ancient Egypt: From

Sweeney, Deborah

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

How gender, age, and geography influence the utilization of radiation therapy in the management of malignant melanoma  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Comparing radiation therapy utilization rates (RTUR) to those predicted by best evidence is a useful measure of the equity and accessibility of service delivery. In this study the RTUR for melanoma was established for British Columbia, Canada, and compared with the rate suggested by the evidence. Demographic variables, specifically age, gender, and geography that influenced the RTUR were examined with a view to identifying methods of improving underutilization. Methods and Materials: The RTUR in the management of malignant melanoma was taken from British Columbia Cancer registry data for 1986 to 1998. Variations in utilization based on age, gender, health authority, stage of disease, and referral patterns were analyzed. Results: An RTUR of 11% was identified. This was consistent over time. Referral rates decreased between 1986 and 1998. RT is used mostly for later stage disease. Males were more likely to receive RT than females, related to later stage of disease in men. Referral rates decreased, but RTUR for referred cases increased, in health authorities that did not have a cancer center. Conclusions: Use of RT is influenced by age and by stage of disease. Overall RTUR in British Columbia is lower than suggested by best evidence. Referral patterns are influenced by geography. RTUR was higher in males, consistent with a different pattern of disease in males compared with females.

French, John [Radiation Therapy, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)]. E-mail: jfrench@bccancer.bc.ca; McGahan, Colleen [Population and Preventive Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Duncan, Graeme [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Lengoc, Sonca [Radiation Therapy, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Soo, Jenny [Radiation Therapy, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Cannon, Jerry [Radiation Therapy, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

Coordinator's Notes: Thinking Gender 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forward to attending Thinking Gender on February 5, 2010, asUntil then… Thinking Gender 2009 Conference Coordinator, TGCOORDINATOR’s NOTES Thinking Gender 2009 Usually, when I

Riojas, Mirasol

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Gender Diversity in Corporate Leadership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

te NOVEMBER 2011 Gender Diversity in Corporate Leadershipin that greater gender diversity in top leadership positions23). GREATER GENDER DIVERSITY IN TOP LEADERSHIP POSITIONS OF

McLean, Lindsey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Mill, Gender Ideal and Gender Oppression: Do Feminists Need to Abolish Gender Roles?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equivocal beings. Politics, Gender and Sentimentality in the1989). Justice, Gender, and The Family. New York: Basicequality. Instead of abolishing gender norms, a focus on how

Popa, Bogdan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Development of Novel High-Resolution Melting (HRM) Assays for Gender Identification of Caribbean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber ruber) and other Birds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unambiguous gender identification (ID) is needed to assess parameters in studies of population dynamics, behavior, and evolutionary biology of Caribbean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber ruber) and other birds. Due to its importance for management and conservation, molecular (DNA-based) avian gender ID assays targeting intron-size differences of the Chromosome Helicase ATPase DNA Binding (CHD) gene of males (CHD-Z) and females (CHD-W) have been developed. Male (ZZ) and female (WZ) genotypes are usually scored as size polymorphisms through agarose or acrylamide gels. For certain species, W-specific restriction sites or multiplex polymerase chain-reaction (PCR) involving CHD-W specific primers are needed. These approaches involve a minimum of three steps following DNA isolation: PCR, gel electrophoresis, and photo-documentation, which limit high throughput scoring and automation potential. In here, a short amplicon (SA) High-resolution Melting Analysis (HRMA) assay for avian gender ID is developed. SA-HRMA of an 81-Base Pair (bp) segment differentiates heteroduplex female (WZ) from homoduplex male (ZZ) genotypes by targeting Single-nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) instead of intron-size differences between CHD-Z and CHD-W genes. To demonstrate the utility of the approach, the gender of Caribbean Flamingo (P. ruber ruber) (17 captive from the Dallas Zoo and 359 wild from Ria Lagartos, Yucatan, Mexico) was determined. The assay was also tested on specimens of Lesser Flamingo (P. minor), Chilean Flamingo (P. chilensis), Saddle-billed Stork (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis), Scarlet Ibis (Eudocimus ruber), White-bellied Stork (Ciconia abdimii), Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja), Marabou Stork (Leptoptilos crumeniferus), Greater Roadrunner (Geococcyx californianus), and Attwater's Prairie Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido attwateri). Although the orthologous 81 bp segments of Z and W are highly conserved, sequence alignments with 50 avian species across 15 families revealed mismatches affecting one or more nucleotides within the SA-HRMA forward or reverse primers. Most mismatches were located along the CHD-Z gene that may generate heteroduplex curves and thus gender ID errors. For such cases, taxon and species-specific primer sets were designed. The SA-HRMA gender ID assay can be used in studies of avian ecology and behavior, to assess sex-associated demographics and migratory patterns, and as a proxy to determine the health of the flock and the degree by which conservation and captive breeding programs are functioning.

Chapman, Alexandra

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

About Gender Action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gender Action was established in 2002. It is the only organization dedicated to promoting gender justice and women’s rights in all International Financial Institution (IFI) investments such as those of the World Bank. Gender Action’s goal is to ensure that women and men equally participate in and benefit from all IFI investments.

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Male 2 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 3 Hispanic Female 6 White Male 50 White Female 11 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Emergency Operations (NA-40)...

40

Deep Frames, White Men's Discourse, and Black Female Bodies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this qualitative study, I examine the persistent trend of black women as an excluded relationship partner for white men. Integral to understanding the exclusion of black women as relationship partners is the construction of black female bodies, by influential white men historically and contemporarily, as the abject opposite of hegemonic femininity, which holds "middle-class, heterosexual, [w]hite femininity" as the norm (Collins 2005:193). This construction essentially places black women outside the bounds of hegemonic femininity, beauty, sexuality, and womanhood. Using the theoretical concept deep frame, which is the "conceptual infrastructure of the mind" (Lakoff 2006a:12) and representative of one's commonsense world view, I argue that the ways in which influential white men have constructed black female bodies is a critical component of the raced, gendered, and classed deep frame of white men. This deep frame undergirds how many white men perceive, interpret, understand, emote, and engage in actions where black women are concerned. Hence in this study, I qualitatively examine, through analyzing and interpreting the in-depth online questionnaires of 134 white male respondents, how the deep frame of white men affects how they perceive black women and ultimately the relationships they seek with black women. The results of the study show that many white male respondents, despite most having very limited or no personal interactions with black women, viewed black women through the one-dimensional lens of the raced, gendered, and classed deep frame. Many respondents perceived black women as unattractive unless capable of a white normative standard, as possessing a negative "black" culture, and as possessing negative and "unfeminine" attributes that make them complicit in their own rejection. These findings show how the deep frame disciplines white men to view black women as "out of bounds" as legitimate relationship partners, and disciplines the types of relationships they seek with black women. The results of this study also reveal that the conceptual approach of deep frame rooted in an understanding of the power of influential white men to control and construct society provides a theoretical alternative to the outmoded interracial marriage theories of caste and exchange.

Slatton, Brittany C.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Female Gubernatorial Candidates: Strategies for Overcoming Gendered Perceptions of Viability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002. Television Zanobini 67 Fowler, Linda L. , and Jenniferseeking political office (Fowler and Lawless 2009, 521). TheSenate and the White House (Fowler and Lawless 2009, 519).

Zanobini, Annie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Gender differences in respiratory symptoms-Does occupation matter?  

SciTech Connect

Little attention has been given to gender differences in respiratory health, particularly in occupational settings. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate gender differences in respiratory morbidity based on surveys of hospitality workers, radiographers, and respiratory therapists. Data were available from mail surveys of 850 hospitality industry workers (participation rate 73.9%; 52.6% female), 586 radiographers (participation rate 63.6%; 85% female), and 275 respiratory therapists (participation rate 64.1%; 58.6% female). Cross-tabulations by gender were evaluated by {chi}{sup 2} analysis and logistic regression with adjustment for personal and work characteristics. Women consistently had greater respiratory morbidity for symptoms associated with shortness of breath, whereas men usually had a higher prevalence of phlegm. There were few differences in work exposures apart from perception of exposure to ETS among hospitality workers. Gender differences in symptoms were often reduced after adjustment for personal and work characteristics but for respiratory therapists there were even greater gender disparities for asthma attack and breathing trouble. Population health findings of elevated symptoms among women were only partially supported by these occupational respiratory health surveys. The influence of differential exposures and personal factors should be considered when interpreting gender differences in health outcomes.

Dimich-Ward, Helen [Department of Medicine, Respiratory Division, University of British Columbia, VGH Research Pavilion, 390-828 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1L8 (Canada)]. E-mail: hward@interchange.ubc.ca; Camp, Patricia G. [Department of Medicine, Respiratory Division, University of British Columbia, VGH Research Pavilion, 390-828 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1L8 (Canada); James Hogg iCapture Center for Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6 (Canada); Kennedy, Susan M. [School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3 (Canada)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

Deserting Gender: A Feminist Rhetorical Approach to Vietnam War Novels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Female characters and references to femininity throughout American war literature disrupt discursive and biological divisions of the masculine and feminine. In examining gender and war literature over the twentieth century, I propose an alternative genealogy of American war literature in which narratives since the end of the nineteenth century initiate two related patterns of gender representation that Vietnam War literature dramatically expands: they critique aggression, camaraderie, and heroism, rejecting these traditional sites of masculinity through desertion narratives, and they harness sentimentality, domesticity, motherhood, and penetration, embracing these traditional sites of femininity in ways that disrupt gender norms. By examining these sites of cross-gender identification through psychoanalytic, rhetorical, and feminist methods, I argue that narratives by Stephen Crane, Ernest Hemingway, Kurt Vonnegut, Tim O'Brien, Stephen Wright, and Larry Heinemann reveal the power of contemporary redefinitions of gender by absorbing feminist discourse into the performance of masculinity.

Womack, Anne-Marie

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis for gender selection in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of gender selection for non medical reasons has been considered an unethical procedure by several authors and agencies in the Western society on the basis of disrupting the sex ratio, being discriminatory againsts women and disposal of normal embryos of the non desired gender. In this study, the analysis of a large series of PGD procedures for gender selection from a wide geographical area in the United States, shows that in general there is no deviation in preference towards any specific gender except for a preference of males in some ethnic populations of Chinese, Indian and Middle Eastern origin that represent a small percentage of the US population. In cases where only normal embryos of the non-desired gender are available, 45.5% of the couples elect to cancel the transfer, while 54.5% of them are open to have transferred embryos of the non-desired gender, this fact being strongly linked to cultural and ethnical background of the parents. In addition this study adds some evidence to the proposition that in couples with previous children of a given gender there is no biological predisposition towards producing embryos of that same gender. Based on these facts, it seems that objections to gender selection formulated by ethics committees and scientific societies are not well-founded.

Colls, P.; Silver, L.; Olivera, G.; Weier, J.; Escudero, T.; Goodall, N.; Tomkin, G.; Munne, S.

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

45

Gender(ed) Migrations: Shifting Gender Subjectivities in a Transnational Mexican Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sotelo, Pierrette, ed. 1999. “Gender and Contemporary U.S.Vol. 42, No. 4, January. 2003b. Gender and U.S. Immigration:in the United States. ” In “Gender and Contemporary U.S.

Boehm, Deborah A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Are Female Workers Less Productive Than Male Workers?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Only a within-job analysis can establish whether women andestablishment or job level at which our analysis isjobs, which is what we have provided, in contrast to the between- establishment analyses

Petersen, Trond; Snartland, Vermund; Meyersson Milgrom, Eva M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

ORIGINAL PAPER Males, but not females, contribute to sexual isolation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a combination of brine shrimp Artemia spp., daphnia Daphnia spp., bloodworms Chironomus spp., spirulina Natural- ist 15:459­464. Morgan, I. J., D. G. McDonald, and C. M. Wood. 2001. The cost of living

Gabor, Caitlin - Department of Biology, Texas State University

48

Male Weaponry in a Fighting Cricket  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sexually selected male weaponry is widespread in nature. Despite being model systems for the study of male aggression in Western science and for cricket fights in Chinese culture, field crickets (Orthoptera, Gryllidae, Gryllinae) are not known to possess sexually dimorphic weaponry. In a wild population of the fall field cricket, Gryllus pennsylvanicus, we report sexual dimorphism in head size as well as the size of mouthparts, both of which are used when aggressive contests between males escalate to physical combat. Male G. pennsylvanicus have larger heads, maxillae and mandibles than females when controlling for pronotum length. We conducted two experiments to test the hypothesis that relatively larger weaponry conveys an advantage to males in aggressive contests. Pairs of males were selected for differences in head size and consequently were different in the size of maxillae and mandibles. In the first experiment, males were closely matched for body size (pronotum length), and in the second, they were matched for body mass. Males with proportionately larger weaponry won more fights and increasing differences in weaponry size between males increased the fighting success of the male with the larger weaponry. This was particularly true when contests escalated to grappling, the most intense level of aggression. However, neither contest duration nor intensity was related to weaponry size as predicted by models of contest settlement. These results are the first evidence that the size of the head capsule and mouthparts are under positive

Kevin A. Judge; Vanessa L. Bonanno

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Gender and age differences in mixed metal exposure and urinary excretion  

SciTech Connect

Background: Little is known about the variation in exposure to toxic metals by age and gender and other potential modifying factors. We evaluated age and gender differences by measurements of metal/element concentrations in urine in a rural population in Matlab, Bangladesh, in three age groups: 8-12 (N=238), 14-15 (N=107) and 30-88 (N=710) years of age, living in an area with no point sources of metal exposure but where elevated water arsenic concentrations are prevalent. Results: We found marked differences in urine concentrations of metals and trace elements by gender, age, tobacco use, socioeconomic and nutritional status. Besides a clearly elevated urinary arsenic concentration in all age groups (medians 63-85 {mu}g As/L), and despite the low degree of contamination from industries and traffic, the urine concentrations of toxic metals such as cadmium and lead were clearly elevated, especially in children (median 0.31 {mu}g Cd/L and 2.9 {mu}g Pb/L, respectively). In general, women had higher urinary concentrations of toxic metals, especially Cd (median 0.81 {mu}g/L) compared to men (0.66 {mu}g/L) and U (median 10 ng/L in women, compared to 6.4 ng/L in men), while men had higher urinary concentrations of the basic and essential elements Ca (69 mg/L in men, 30-50 years, compared to 52 mg/L in women), Mg (58 mg/L in men compared to 50 mg/L in women), Zn (182 {mu}g/L in men compared to 117 {mu}g/L in women) and Se (9.9 {mu}g/L in men compared to 8.7 {mu}g/L in women). Manganese was consistently higher in females than in males in all age groups, suggesting a biological difference between females and males in Mn metabolism. Increasing socioeconomic status decreased the toxic metal exposure significantly in children and especially in men. Poor iron status was detected in 17% of children, adolescents and women, but only in 6% of men. Also zinc deficiency was more prevalent in females than in males. Conclusions: Women and children seemed to be more at risk for toxic metal exposure than men and at the same time more vulnerable to micronutrient deficiency. Higher concentrations of the toxic metals in urine in women are likely to reflect an increased gastrointestinal absorption of these metals at micronutrient deficiency, such as low body iron stores and Zn deficiency. Higher urinary concentrations of the essential elements in men likely reflect a better nutritional status. There is a need for information on exposure, lifestyle and socioeconomic factors, stratified by gender and age, for the purpose of conducting balanced risk assessment and management that considers such differences.

Berglund, Marika, E-mail: Marika.Berglund@ki.se [Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden)] [Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden); Lindberg, Anna-Lena [Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden)] [Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden); Rahman, Mahfuzar; Yunus, Mohammad [International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research (Bangladesh)] [International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research (Bangladesh); Grander, Margaretha [Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden)] [Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden); Loennerdal, Bo [Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)] [Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); Vahter, Marie [Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden)] [Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

50

Gender Bias in Negotiators’ Ethical Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small, D. , & Stayn, H. (2006). Gender differences in theSocial incentives for gender differences in the propensityCambridge University Press. Gender Bias in Ethics Buchan, N.

Kray, Laura

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Gender and Modernity in Colonial Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Jennifer J. Jung-Kim Gender & Modernity in Colonial Koreathe ongo- ing reformulation of gender identities. First, Iupdate he reconstruction of gender identities My findings

Jung-Kim, Jennifer J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Ambiguous Rights: Gender Politics and Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

csw update: special issue on Thinking Gender 2011! contents21st Ambiguous Right s Gender, Politics, and Theory Criticalhe panel, “Ambiguous Rights: Gender, panel review by Jillian

Beck, Jillian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Differential Sperm Priming by Male Sailfin Mollies (Poecilia latipinna): Effects of Female and Male Size  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- ing 0�30 g of powdered Spirulina (a blue-green alga, 10�16% N and 44�96% C, JEHM Co., Inc, 87, 185­190. Walls, M., Caswell, H. & Ketola, M. (1991) Demographic costs of Chaoborus- induced

Gabor, Caitlin - Department of Biology, Texas State University

54

Development projects in Pakistan are hiring increasing numbers of Pakistani female professionals to work on rural projects that  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development projects in Pakistan are hiring increasing numbers of Pakistani female professionals. Policy message n Pakistan is a highly gender-segregated society, and more well-qualified female field for well-educat- ed Pakistani women Pakistan has one of the lowest female labour force

Richner, Heinz

55

Chronic low-level arsenic exposure causes gender-specific alterations in locomotor activity, dopaminergic systems, and thioredoxin expression in mice  

SciTech Connect

Arsenic (As) is a toxic metalloid widely present in the environment. Human exposure to As has been associated with the development of skin and internal organ cancers and cardiovascular disorders, among other diseases. A few studies report decreases in intelligence quotient (IQ), and sensory and motor alterations after chronic As exposure in humans. On the other hand, studies of rodents exposed to high doses of As have found alterations in locomotor activity, brain neurochemistry, behavioral tasks, and oxidative stress. In the present study both male and female C57Bl/6J mice were exposed to environmentally relevant doses of As such as 0.05, 0.5, 5.0, or 50 mg As/L of drinking water for 4 months, and locomotor activity was assessed every month. Male mice presented hyperactivity in the group exposed to 0.5 mg As/L and hypoactivity in the group exposed to 50 mg As/L after 4 months of As exposure, whereas female mice exposed to 0.05, 0.5, and 5.0 mg As/L exhibited hyperactivity in every monthly test during As exposure. Furthermore, striatal and hypothalamic dopamine content was decreased only in female mice. Also decreases in tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and cytosolic thioredoxin (Trx-1) mRNA expression in striatum and nucleus accumbens were observed in male and female mice, respectively. These results indicate that chronic As exposure leads to gender-dependent alterations in dopaminergic markers and spontaneous locomotor activity, and down-regulation of the antioxidant capacity of the brain.

Bardullas, U.; Limon-Pacheco, J.H.; Giordano, M. [Departamento de Neurobiologia Conductual y Cognitiva, Instituto de Neurobiologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Boulevard Juriquilla 3001, Queretaro, Queretaro, 76230 (Mexico); Carrizales, L. [Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Av. Venustiano Carranza 2405, Col. Lomas los Filtros, San Luis Potosi, 78210, San Luis Potosi (Mexico); Mendoza-Trejo, M.S. [Departamento de Neurobiologia Conductual y Cognitiva, Instituto de Neurobiologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Boulevard Juriquilla 3001, Queretaro, Queretaro, 76230 (Mexico); Rodriguez, V.M. [Departamento de Neurobiologia Conductual y Cognitiva, Instituto de Neurobiologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Boulevard Juriquilla 3001, Queretaro, Queretaro, 76230 (Mexico)], E-mail: vermire@yahoo.com

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Impaired fertility in T-stock female mice after superovulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Superovulation of female mice with exogenous gonadotrophins is routinely used for increasing the number of eggs ovulated by each female in reproductive and developmental studies. We report an unusual effect of superovulation on fertilization in mice. In vivo matings of superovulated T-stock females with B6C3F1 males resulted in a 2-fold reduction (Pstock females had reached the metaphase stage of the first cleavage division versus 87% in B6C3F1 females (P stock males did not improve the reproductive performance of T-stock females. To investigate the possible cause(s) for the impaired fertilization and zygotic development, the experiments were repeated using in vitro fertilization. Under these conditions, the frequencies of fertilized eggs were not different in superovulated T-stock and B6C3F1 females (51.7% {+-} 6.0 and 64.5% {+-}3.8, P=0.10). There was a 7-fold increase in the frequencies of fertilized T-stock eggs that completed the first cell cycle of development after in vitro versus in vivo fertilization. These results rule out an intrinsic deficiency of the T-stock oocyte as the main reason for the impaired fertility after in vivo matings and suggest that superovulation of T-stock females induces a hostile oviductal and uterine environment with dramatic effects on fertilization and zygotic development.

Wyrobek, A J; Bishop, J B; Marchetti, F; Zudova, D

2003-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

57

Constructing Gender Through Sex Discrimination Law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for a New Conception of Gender Identity in the Law. ColumbiaMedicine, Re/modeling Gender. Berkeley Women's Law Journal,Review, 26, 1395. Kosbie, J. Gender Identity Expression as

Kosbie, Jeff

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Gender differences in the disposition and toxicity of metals  

SciTech Connect

There is increasing evidence that health effects of toxic metals differ in prevalence or are manifested differently in men and women. However, the database is small. The present work aims at evaluating gender differences in the health effects of cadmium, nickel, lead, mercury and arsenic. There is a markedly higher prevalence of nickel-induced allergy and hand eczema in women compared to men, mainly due to differences in exposure. Cadmium retention is generally higher in women than in men, and the severe cadmium-induced Itai-itai disease was mainly a woman's disease. Gender differences in susceptibility at lower exposure are uncertain, but recent data indicate that cadmium has estrogenic effects and affect female offspring. Men generally have higher blood lead levels than women. Lead accumulates in bone and increased endogenous lead exposure has been demonstrated during periods of increased bone turnover, particularly in women in pregnancy and menopause. Lead and mercury, in the form of mercury vapor and methylmercury, are easily transferred from the pregnant women to the fetus. Recent data indicate that boys are more susceptible to neurotoxic effects of lead and methylmercury following exposure early in life, while experimental data suggest that females are more susceptible to immunotoxic effects of lead. Certain gender differences in the biotransformation of arsenic by methylation have been reported, and men seem to be more affected by arsenic-related skin effect than women. Experimental studies indicate major gender differences in arsenic-induced cancer. Obviously, research on gender-related differences in health effects caused by metals needs considerable more focus in the future.

Vahter, Marie [Divisions of Metals and Health and Toxicology and Neurotoxicology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE-171 77 Stockholm (Sweden)]. E-mail: Marie.Vahter@imm.ki.se; Akesson, Agneta [Divisions of Metals and Health and Toxicology and Neurotoxicology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE-171 77 Stockholm (Sweden); Liden, Carola [Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Department of Medicine, Karolinska, Institutet and Stockholm County Council (Sweden); Ceccatelli, Sandra [Divisions of Metals and Health and Toxicology and Neurotoxicology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE-171 77 Stockholm (Sweden); Berglund, Marika [Divisions of Metals and Health and Toxicology and Neurotoxicology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE-171 77 Stockholm (Sweden)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

Gender determination of avian embryo  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method for gender determination of avian embryos. During the embryo incubation process, the outer hard shells of eggs are drilled and samples of allantoic fluid are removed. The allantoic fluids are directly introduced into an ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) for analysis. The resulting spectra contain the relevant marker peaks in the positive or negative mode which correlate with unique mobilities which are sex-specific. This way, the gender of the embryo can be determined.

Daum, Keith A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Atkinson, David A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 14 White Female 8 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity Savannah River Site Office As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Individual Variation in Male Size and Behavioral Repertoire in the Sailfin Molly Poecilia latipinna  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Freshwater Flake (60%) with Brine Shrimp Flake (38%) and Spirulina Flake (2%) mixture, Ocean Star harassment as a cost for molly females: bigger males cost less. Behaviour 138, 277--286. Shuster, S. M

Childress, Michael J.

62

Gender Perspective in Humanitarian Assistance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Policy Statement is for IASC coordination mechanisms (structures or bodies). It also sets out responsibilities for the IASC coordination mechanism at country level. The Policy describes specific actions each body or effort of the IASC should take to ensure gender equality is fully mainstreamed into humanitarian programmes 1. It calls on members of the IASC to work in an inter-agency fashion towards the goal of gender equality in all aspects of humanitarian response. It also urges individual members to strengthen their own actions to ensure that the human rights of women, girls, boys and men are equally promoted and protected, and their different needs and responsibilities addressed. The Policy builds on existing mandates as referenced in section Annex 1, as well as individual IASC members ’ gender equality policies. It does not go beyond the scope of those mandates and policies. C. RATIONALE There are a variety of international norms and standards that lay the foundation for gender equality in all areas of humanitarian action. International humanitarian, human rights, and refugee law share a common goal in aiming to prevent and relieve suffering, and to protect the rights and freedoms of women, girls, boys and men. As such, they complement and reinforce each other, thus providing a comprehensive framework for the protection of the equal rights of women, girls, boys and men. (See Annex A) While there has been emphasis by the IASC on promoting gender equality in all aspects of its work, real-time evaluations conducted in 2005-2006 of the crises in Darfur, the Tsunami and Pakistan earthquake point to clear gaps in promoting gender equality. To address this gap, the IASC issued in 2006 The IASC Gender

B. Scope

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

A study in engaging female students in computer science using role models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An effective approach to engaging young women to take computing in higher education is to provide examples of successful female computer scientists. Can a print publication that combines core computing concepts with inspiring stories of women in the ... Keywords: cs4fn., diversity, gender issues, girls, k-12, outreach, public engagement, recruitment, representation, teachers

Jonathan Black; Paul Curzon; Chrystie Myketiak; Peter W. McOwan

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Running on the Web: Online Self-Presentation Strategies in Mixed-Gender Races  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Online self-presentation strategies are critical for female candidates to develop and deliver effectively. This is because the media appear to cover male and female candidates differently in news coverage, and research-based evidence continues to suggest ... Keywords: campaign websites, candidate self-presentation strategies, women candidates

Mary Christine Banwart, Kelly L. Winfrey

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

S  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Standards Bottom Up Approach Use C ase --- C RISP 12,000 Competing Code Listsb Gender C ode L ist 1 M Male F Female U Unknown Gender C ode L ist 2 01 Male 02 Female 03...

66

Pronominal Reference in Sentences about Persons or Things: An Electrophysiological Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

German pronouns (erMALE/masculine, sieFEMALE/feminine) that refer to a person are determined by the biological gender (MALE/FEMALE) and/or syntactic gender (masculine/feminine) of the person. Pronouns (ermasculine, siefeminine) ...

Anke Hammer; Bernadette M. Jansma; Monique Lamers; Thomas F. Münte

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Equity Not Equality: The Gender Discourse of an Egyptian Activist  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

relationship between gender and cultural sovereignty.Equity Not Equality: The Gender Discourse of an EgyptianActivist 2013 UCLA Thinking Gender Conference Introduction

Lewis, Pauline

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Gender and ethnic disparities contributing to overweight in California adolescents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

009-0300-7 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Gender and ethnic disparitiesreported their weight, height, gender, ethnicity, parents’>85th percentile for age and gender). Approximately 38% of

Wilkosz, Mary Ellen; Chen, Jyu-Lin; Kennedy, Christine; Rankin, Sally

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

The School Context of Gender Disparities in Math Motivation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Where are all the women? Gender differences in participationL. A. , & Hopp, C. (1990). Gender comparisons of mathematicsWilliams, C. C. (2008). Gender similarities characterize

Branom, Christina Marie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Impaired fertility in T-stock female mice after superovulation  

SciTech Connect

Superovulation of female mice with exogenous gonadotrophins is routinely used for increasing the number of eggs ovulated by each female in reproductive and developmental studies. We report an unusual effect of superovulation on fertilization in mice. In vivo matings of superovulated T-stock females with B6C3F1 males resulted in a 2-fold reduction (P<0.001) in the frequencies of fertilized eggs compared to control B6C3F1 matings. In addition, {approx}22 hr after mating only 15% of fertilized eggs recovered in T-stock females had reached the metaphase stage of the first cleavage division versus 87% in B6C3F1 females (P < 0.0001). Matings with T-stock males did not improve the reproductive performance of T-stock females. To investigate the possible cause(s) for the impaired fertilization and zygotic development, the experiments were repeated using in vitro fertilization. Under these conditions, the frequencies of fertilized eggs were not different in superovulated T-stock and B6C3F1 females (51.7% {+-} 6.0 and 64.5% {+-}3.8, P=0.10). There was a 7-fold increase in the frequencies of fertilized T-stock eggs that completed the first cell cycle of development after in vitro versus in vivo fertilization. These results rule out an intrinsic deficiency of the T-stock oocyte as the main reason for the impaired fertility after in vivo matings and suggest that superovulation of T-stock females induces a hostile oviductal and uterine environment with dramatic effects on fertilization and zygotic development.

Wyrobek, A J; Bishop, J B; Marchetti, F; Zudova, D

2003-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

71

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book gives the reader an up-to-date view of several aspects of male fertility in relation to lipid and fatty acid metabolism. Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Health acid analysis aocs april articles chloropropanediol contaminants detergents diet

72

Invited Article Aging male  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Now a day, tremendous development of medicine, change of living environment, housing accommodation computer have led to extension of human life expectancy. The population of 60 years old up will increase from 328 millions in years 1990 to 828 millions by years 2020 (united nation, 2001). In Thailand, the aged population will reach 7.6 millions by the year 2010 (11.4 % of total population). In aging male, the incidence of many non communicable diseases is increasing such as metabolic syndrome (DM, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity), coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and disease of endothelial dysfunction. At the same time, the gradual decrease of several hormones, for instance, growth hormone, sex hormone, thyroid hormone; etc, also lead to hormonal imbalance which contributes to

Assoc Prof; Dr. Chanvit Kotheeranurak

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Gender and Modernity in Colonial Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kim Gender & Modernity in Colonial Korea T was central toprocess in colonial Korea (1910–1945). A consideration of

Jung-Kim, Jennifer J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Perspective for Female Medical Physicists  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to cultural and religious reasons, Pakistani women can be reluctant to seek medical attention for disorders affecting their genitals or breasts. As a result, in the case of cervical and breast cancers, oncological treatment is often not received until the diseases are in the late stages. Once a cancer is classified and the tumor marked, the role of the medical physicist begins. Medical physicists' responsibilities include treatment planning, supervising treatment through radiation, dosimetry, contouring, training, equipment selection, education, research, and supervising radiotherapy facilities. In brachytherapy, isotopes are placed at the tumor site in the form of wires or seeds. There are very few female medical physicists in Pakistan. This leads to further hesitation on the part of many women to seek treatment. To help female patients obtain needed medical care, female physics students should be encouraged to pursue the emerging field of medical physics. This would provide a new professional opportunity for female physics students and give comfort to female patients.

Naqvi, Syed Mansoor [Department of Radiology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi (Pakistan); Hasnain, Aziz Fatima [Center for Physics Education, Karachi (Pakistan)

2009-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

75

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Female 0 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 28 White Female 6 Workforce Diversity Kansas City Site Office As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER...

76

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Female 4 Hispanic Male 5 Hispanic Female 4 White Male 30 White Female 19 Workforce Diversity Livermore Site Office As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER DIVERSITY...

77

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Female 1 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 1 White Male 46 White Female 22 Workforce Diversity Y-12 Site Office As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE DIVERSITY GENDER 51...

78

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Female 0 Hispanic Male 5 Hispanic Female 5 White Male 44 White Female 13 Workforce Diversity Pantex Site Office As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE DIVERSITY GENDER 57...

79

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Female 0 Hispanic Male 20 Hispanic Female 11 White Male 53 White Female 17 Workforce Diversity Los Alamos Site Office As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER...

80

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Female 3 Hispanic Male 7 Hispanic Female 5 White Male 52 White Female 20 Workforce Diversity Nevada Site Office As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER DIVERSITY 64...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 7 Hispanic Female 18 White Male 40 White Female 25 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE Associate...

82

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 13 Hispanic Female 17 White Male 37 White Female 17 DIVERSITY GENDER Workforce Diversity Sandia Site Office As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN TOTAL...

83

Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies Graduate Handbook 1 Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies Graduate Handbook 1 Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies University of Kansas A Handbook for Graduate Students Department of Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies 1440://wgss.ku.edu/ Inaugurated 12 September 2010 (revised 3 November 2012, 6 November 2012) This handbook is for informational

Peterson, Blake R.

84

of LaborMentoring and Segregation: Female-Led Firms and Gender Wage Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the institute. Research disseminated by IZA may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science, politics and business. IZA is an independent nonprofit company supported by Deutsche Post World Net. The center is associated with the University of Bonn and offers a stimulating research environment through its research networks, research support, and visitors and doctoral programs. IZA engages in (i) original and internationally competitive research in all fields of labor economics, (ii) development of policy concepts, and (iii) dissemination of research results and concepts to the interested public. IZA Discussion Papers often represent preliminary work and are circulated to encourage discussion. Citation of such a paper should account for its provisional character. A revised version may be available directly from the author. IZA Discussion Paper No. 3210

Ana Rute Cardoso; Rudolf Winter-ebmer; Ana Rute Cardoso; Rudolf Winter-ebmer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Gender and Media in the Post and Cold War Era  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

csw update: special issue on Thinking Gender 2011! contentste on the 21st TG 2011 Gender and Media Panel review byn the panel entitled, “Gender & Media in the Post and Cold

Wright, Julia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Gender Equality from a Constitutional Perspective - The Case of Turkey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditions." Kantaruoglu. "Gender [.quality. '' mpra notej . ) . 1965. JCC 1966 at 10. Gender Equality m Turkey m i1991/8 in JCC(J993>ai 1S5. Gender Equality in Turkey -••is

Elver, Hilal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Networked tactics for gender representation in the news  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents research on gender disparities in online news, followed with three open source designs that attempt to address those disparities. Open Gender Tracker is a platform that applies automated gender analysis ...

Matias, J. Nathan (Jorge Nathan)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Gender variance on campus : a critical analysis of transgender voices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transgendered, transexual, and gender-variant clients.J. (1987). Postmodernism and gender relations in feministL. A. (2001). Sex versus gender. National NOW Times, 33(3),

Mintz, Lee M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Gender Dynamics within Japanese American Youth Basketball Leagues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Museum. Thorne, Barrie. Gender Play: Girls and boys inIt’s all for the kids: Gender, Family, and Youth Sports.play basketball? ” contents Gender dynamics within Japanese

Chin, Christina

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Shaping Gender: Vietnamese Nail Technicians in Northern California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

men and women enforce gender norms by stating that women Phan 1 Shaping Gender: Vietnamese Nail Technicians in and Zimmerman’s concept of ‘doing gender’ will be useful in 

Phan, Le

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

TOWARDS A GENDER-AWARE ENERGY POLICY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A women needs a man Like a fish needs a bicycle When you’re tryin ’ to throw your arms around the world ‘Tryin ’ To Throw Your Arms Around The World’, U2 Despite the efforts of South Africa and Uganda to genderize their energy policy, a clear idea what engendering energy policy is about is still lacking. There is not much knowledge on what its main characteristics are and how national governments can genderize their energy policy. Governments, civil society and development organizations, do not know how to realize gender mainstreaming in this area. The experience of South Africa in genderizing their energy policy and the attempts of the Ugandan government to integrate gender in their energy policy document could provide an example for other governments. The main objective of this study is therefore to contribute to the formulation of a gender-aware energy policy, which could help to overcome gender-inequality in national energy policy by developing and defining the main characteristics of gender-aware nation al energy policy and analyzing under which conditions such a policy can be realized.

Mariëlle Feenstra; Voor Opa

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

ORIGINAL PAPER Soft song in song sparrows: response of males and females  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), whereas in others, such as white-throated sparrows (Zonotrichia albicollis) and redwings (Turdus iliacus

Anderson, Rindy C.

93

ORIGINAL PAPER Variation in male sailfin molly, preference for female size  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the cost of assessing multiple cues (Pfennig 2000). Individuals may not only evaluate multiple traits- land, OH, USA)). Fishes were fed spirulina and fresh- water flake food (Ocean Star International Inc

Gabor, Caitlin - Department of Biology, Texas State University

94

No. of Markers, Genetic Lengths, and Female:Male Length Ratio, for Each Chromosome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) LDmap(LDU) ANT ASH AZO CAU CR ERF FIC FIK FIP NFL SAF SAR Geneticmap(cM) #12;Haploview ­ Ben Fry #12 269 331 209 1.6 3 529 228 270 190 1.4 4 457 212 264 160 1.6 5 480 198 245 151 1.6 6 465 193 254 131 1

Sabatti, Chiara

95

Potential toxicological hazard due to endocrine-disrupting chemicals on Mediterranean top predators: State of art, gender differences and methodological tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Man-made endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) range across all continents and oceans. Some geographic areas are potentially more threatened than others: one of these is the Mediterranean Sea. Levels of some xenobiotics are much higher here than in other seas and oceans. In this paper we review the final results of a project supported by the Italian Ministry of the Environment, in which the hypothesis that Mediterranean top predator species (such as large pelagic fish and marine mammals) are potentially at risk due to EDCs was investigated. We illustrate the need to develop and apply sensitive methodological tools, such as biomarkers (Vitellogenin, Zona Radiata proteins and CYP1A activities) for evaluation of toxicological risk in large pelagic fish top predators (Swordfish (Xiphias gladius), Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus thynnus)) and nondestructive biomarkers (CYP1A activities and fibroblast cell culture in skin biopsy), for the hazard assessment of threatened marine mammals species (Striped Dolphin, (Stenella coeruleoalba), Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), Common Dolphin (Delphinus delphis) and Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus))exposed to EDCs. Differential gender susceptibility to EDCs is also explored both in large pelagic fish and in cetaceans. In cetaceans, male specimens showed higher cytochrome P450 induction (BPMO in skyn biopsies, CYP2B in fibroblasts cell cultures) by xenobiotics with respect to females.

Fossi, M.C. [Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Siena, Via PA Mattioli 4, 53100 Siena (Italy)]. E-mail: fossi@unisi.it; Casini, S. [Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Siena, Via PA Mattioli 4, 53100 Siena (Italy); Marsili, L. [Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Siena, Via PA Mattioli 4, 53100 Siena (Italy)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

96

Changing her tune : how a transsexual woman claims a new identity through voice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The human voice is an important indicator of a person's gender. For male-to-female transgender individuals (or transsexuals) the voice is one of the most difficult parts of the gender transition. Males have larger and ...

Gammon, Katharine Stoel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Discriminating males alter sperm production between species  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, recent studies suggest that spermatogenesis can be energetically costly, and therefore limit male. Fish were fed O.S.I. Spirulina Flake mixed with O.S.I. Freshwater Flake food (Ocean Start International that sperm is costly and may be more costly for smaller males. Relative to larger males, smaller males have

Gabor, Caitlin - Department of Biology, Texas State University

98

Correlations Among Gender, Career Interests, Conservation Issues, And Curriculum Choice By Students In Wildlife And Fisheries Sciences At Texas A&M University From 2000 To 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is important to develop and assess student learning outcomes in order to determine whether academic department goals and standards are being reached. One aspect of this process involves alignment of learning outcomes with stakeholder criteria (expectations, beliefs) for assessment. The Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences at Texas A&M University has not previously developed a program assessment of student learning outcomes. However, a survey has been administered to undergraduate students enrolled in a mandatory class, Conservation and Management (WFSC 201). Among other questions, the survey asked students to provide information about their curriculum choice, agreement with value statements about wildlife and conservation issues, career interests, graduate school plans, and importance of issues related to wildlife and fisheries management and conservation. To evaluate alignment of student choice of curriculum with expectations and beliefs related to their choice of career, I tested the student responses to curriculum choice for relationships to responses to survey questions about career interests, gender, and graduate school plans for surveys administered in 2000 and 2008. For these same surveys, I also tested responses to value statements for relationships to responses for importance of issues, in addition to career interests, gender, and graduate school plans. Similar percentages (24%) of the total variation in curriculum choice and in agreement with value statements were explained: Career interests explained 18% of the variation related to curriculum choice and 8% of variation related to value statements. Year and gender combined explained only 2% of the variation in either dependent variable. Responses to important issues explained 11% of the variation in responses to value statements. Choice of curriculum was most strongly related to career interests and graduate school plans. Students who chose the teaching curriculum option were interested in careers in public school education and planned on attending graduate school. Students who chose curriculum options in aquaculture and fish ecology and management were interested in careers in aquaculture and as government fisheries biologists and conservation officers and planned on attending graduate school. Students who chose the curriculum options in wildlife ecology and management and other options were interested in a broad range of careers and were undecided about graduate school. Although importance of issues and career interests explained 19% of the variation in student agreement with value statements, this relationship was not statistically significant. Issues of greatest importance to females were endangered species, habitat destruction, water availability, loss of biodiversity, and water pollution. Females in 2000 tended to choose careers in public school education and as government wildlife biologists, and in 2008 chose careers in nature center education and as urban wildlife biologists. Issues of greatest importance to males were landowner rights to resources, such as high fences to enclose wildlife, access to rivers, water availability, and hunting of wildlife. Males in 2000 tended to choose careers as conservation officers, and in 2008 chose careers in ranch management, private consulting, and as government fish biologists and urban wildlife biologists. This data provides the Wildlife and Fisheries Department at Texas A&M University with information about its students and how they responded to curriculum options, career interests, value statements, and important issues.

Woldhagen, Ashley N.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Do Males Always Like War? A Critique on Francis Fukuyama and His Hyper Masculine Assertions on Feminization of World Politics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Ehrenreich, 1999). If male are really "hard-wired" it is not necessarily because of biology, but because of socialization. There are widespread taboos on female handling of weapons, but at the same time, male are encouraged to do so cross-culturally right... that male are really aggressive and violent, is there anything that their aggression and violence have contributed for human progress, other than wars, struggles, inter-tribal conflicts, and most importantly nuclear threats? May be, Y.R. LUINTEL: Do Males...

Luintel, Youba Raj

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Local Laws and Government Policies Prohibiting Discrimination Based on Gender Identity in New York  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

statutory protection from gender identity discrimination atThis report is limited to gender identity non-discriminationon sexual orientation and gender identity law and public

Mallory, Christy; Liebowitz, Sarah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Gender Differences in the Perceived Needs and Barriers of Youth Offenders Preparing for Community Reentry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. (2001). Effective gender-responsive interventions inmillennium: Modeling gender-speci?c policies and programs.9102-x ORIGINAL PAPER Gender Differences in the Perceived

Fields, Diane; Abrams, Laura S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Gender and Japanese Immigrants to Peru, 1899 through World War II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Michael. “Different Paths: Gender, Immigration and Politicalas a Negotiation of Gender: Recent Japanese Immigrant WomenCorrea, “Different Paths: Gender, Immigration and Political

Moore, Stephanie C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Intersexuality, Human Rights, and the Colombian Constitutional Court’s Notion of Gender  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designated Emphasis in Women, Gender, and Sexuality. In caseand ultimately notions of gender, both rooted in the Unitedcontrasting notions of gender. The Court’s own notion of

Sánchez, Alisa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Laughing in the Face of Femininity: A Study of Gender and Comedy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF  FEMININITY     A  STUDY  OF  GENDER  AND  COMEDY   A  associations  with  gender  roles.  She  explains  that  some  way   perpetuates  the  gender  roles  we  have  all  

Callaghan, Kendall

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Preaching Sex: Gender and Official Church Discourses in Mexico City, 1720-1875  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

his heroic resistance to same-gender sexual advances and hisaudiences accustomed to the gender-flexible discourses oftenof the Vela Perpetua: Gender, Religion, and Political

Witschorik II, Charles Arthur

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Overlooking the Gender and Sexuality of a “Woman in Science” Physicist Lise Meitner in Weimar Berlin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scott, Joan Wallach. Gender and the Politics of History.Disorderly Conduct: Visions of Gender in Victorian America.Disorderly Conduct: Visions of Gender in Victorian America,

Vogt, Elizabeth C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Black and white: a portrayal of gender roles in American women's periodicals during the Eisenhour years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines how the media portrayed gender roles in periodical articles from 1953 to 1961. Magazines researched were those most widely read by white and black women. The purpose is to compare and contrast the views of white and black females concerning domesticity, education, career, children, sex, communism, and civil rights. This research found that periodicals promoted domesticity for white women between 1953 and 1957, and then became more interested writing about education and careers outside the home. On the other hand, periodicals aimed at African American women wrote about education and careers until 1957, and then began writing more about domesticity.

McGaugh, Emily Cozette

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Gender Gaps in the Mathematical Sciences: The Creativity Factor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article presents an overview, and recent history, of studies of gender gaps in the mathematically-intensive sciences. Included are several statistics about gender differences in science, and about public resources aimed at addressing them. We then examine the role that gender differences in creativity play in explaining the recent and current gender differences in the mathematical sciences, and identify several constructive suggestions aimed at improving analytical creativity output in research institutions.

Hill, Theodore P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Gender Differences in Interface Type Task Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three pillars of usability are efficiency, effectiveness and satisfaction. Today's human-computer interface HCI, used in cellular phone, software, Internet, personal digital assistants and others should be designed to meet these three pillars. This ... Keywords: Gender, Icon, Interface, Menu, Perceived Ease of Use, Perceived Usefulness, Task Completion

Raafat George Saadé; Dennis Kira; Camille Alexandre Otrakji

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Progress on linking gender and sustainable energy  

SciTech Connect

The field of gender and energy has been identified as critical in global sustainable energy development and is increasingly important to decision makers. The theme of women and energy was of significance at the 1998 World Renewable Energy Congress in Florence, Italy. This paper traces further developments in this field by summarizing selected programmatic initiatives, meetings, and publications over the past 18 months.

Farhar, B.

2000-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

111

Male-killing Wolbachia do not protect Drosophila bifasciata against viral infection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

]. Since then (>140 generations) they have since been maintained by back- crossing infected females to males from an isofemale uninfected line present in the lab for 20 years. The two lines therefore have the same nuclear genetic back- ground. Because... , Bergen JE, Kozuch A, Kelly SE, Tabashnik BE, Chiel E, Duckworth VE, Dennehy TJ, Zchori-Fein E, Hunter MS: Rapid spread of a bacterial symbiont in an invasive whitefly is driven by fitness benefits and female bias. Science 2011, 332:254-256. 25. Caspari E...

2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

112

Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Agency/Company /Organization: ENERGIA: International Network on Gender and Sustainability Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.energia.org/fileadmin/files/media/pubs/Guide%20on%20gender%20mains Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Screenshot References: Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program[1] Overview "The Africa Biogas Partnership Programme (ABPP) is a six country initiative

113

Author Biography Form  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Author Biography Form. Title: ? Dr. ? Prof. ? Mr. ? Mrs. ? Ms. Gender: ? Male ? Female. Name: First. M.I.. Last. Current Status: Position: Company: Address:.

114

Microsoft Word - 2010 Foreign Visit Request form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to submit a Foreign Visit Request. First Name Middle Initial or "NMI" Last Name Gender Date of Birth (MMDDYYYY) City of Birth Male Female Country of Birth Country...

115

The power of the ideology of gender equality and the limitations of state bureaucracy : paradoxes in the institutionalization of gender equality policies in South Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Janet. 2006. “The Changing Gender Contract as the Engine ofThe Family as the Locus of Gender, Class, and PoliticalJones, Nicola. 2006. Gender and the Political Opportunities

Cho, Se-Hyun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Who Cares About Being Gentle? The Impact of Social Identity and the Gender of One’s Friends on Children’s Display of Same-Gender Favoritism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

social psychology of gender (pp. 207–241). Mahwah: LawrenceD. (2000). Theories of gender socialization. In T. Eckes &social psychology of gender (pp. 65–89). Mahwah: Lawrence

Robnett, Rachael D.; Susskind, Joshua E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Gender Equity in Materials Science and Engineering  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the University Materials Council, a national workshop was convened to examine 'Gender Equity Issues in Materials Science and Engineering.' The workshop considered causes of the historic underrepresentation of women in materials science and engineering (MSE), with a goal of developing strategies to increase the gender diversity of the discipline in universities and national laboratories. Specific workshop objectives were to examine efforts to level the playing field, understand implicit biases, develop methods to minimize bias in all aspects of training and employment, and create the means to implement a broadly inclusive, family-friendly work environment in MSE departments. Held May 18-20, 2008, at the Conference Center at the University of Maryland, the workshop included heads and chairs of university MSE departments and representatives of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the Department of Energy (DOE-BES), and the national laboratories. The following recommendations are made based on the outcomes of the discussions at the workshop. Many or all of these apply equally well to universities and national laboratories and should be considered in context of industrial environments as well. First, there should be a follow-up process by which the University Materials Council (UMC) reviews the status of women in the field of MSE on a periodic basis and determines what additional changes should be made to accelerate progress in gender equity. Second, all departments should strengthen documentation and enforcement of departmental procedures such that hiring, promotion, compensation, and tenure decisions are more transparent, that the reasons why a candidate was not selected or promoted are clear, and that faculty are less able to apply their biases to personnel decisions. Third, all departments should strengthen mentoring of junior faculty. Fourth, all departments must raise awareness of gender biases and work to eliminate hostile attitudes and environments that can make academic and national laboratory careers unattractive to women. Fifth, with respect to raising awareness among faculty, staff and students, a new type of training session should be developed that would be more effective in conveying the facts and consequences of gender bias than the conventional presentations typically available, which seem not to be highly effective in changing attitudes or behaviors. Sixth, it is proposed that the UMC establish a certification of 'family-friendly' or 'gender equivalent' institutions that would encourage organizations to meet standards for minimizing gender bias and promoting supportive work environments. Seventh, novel approaches to adjusting job responsibilities of faculty, staff, and students to permit them to deal with family/life issues are needed that do not carry stigmas. Finally, faculty and national laboratory staff need to promote the benefits of their careers to women so that a more positive image of the job of materials scientist or materials engineer is presented.

Angus Rockett

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Gender Equity in Materials Science and Engineering  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the University Materials Council, a national workshop was convened to examine 'Gender Equity Issues in Materials Science and Engineering.' The workshop considered causes of the historic underrepresentation of women in materials science and engineering (MSE), with a goal of developing strategies to increase the gender diversity of the discipline in universities and national laboratories. Specific workshop objectives were to examine efforts to level the playing field, understand implicit biases, develop methods to minimize bias in all aspects of training and employment, and create the means to implement a broadly inclusive, family-friendly work environment in MSE departments. Held May 18-20, 2008, at the Conference Center at the University of Maryland, the workshop included heads and chairs of university MSE departments and representatives of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the Department of Energy (DOE-BES), and the national laboratories. The following recommendations are made based on the outcomes of the discussions at the workshop. Many or all of these apply equally well to universities and national laboratories and should be considered in context of industrial environments as well. First, there should be a follow-up process by which the University Materials Council (UMC) reviews the status of women in the field of MSE on a periodic basis and determines what additional changes should be made to accelerate progress in gender equity. Second, all departments should strengthen documentation and enforcement of departmental procedures such that hiring, promotion, compensation, and tenure decisions are more transparent, that the reasons why a candidate was not selected or promoted are clear, and that faculty are less able to apply their biases to personnel decisions. Third, all departments should strengthen mentoring of junior faculty. Fourth, all departments must raise awareness of gender biases and work to eliminate hostile attitudes and environments that can make academic and national laboratory careers unattractive to women. Fifth, with respect to raising awareness among faculty, staff and students, a new type of training session should be developed that would be more effective in conveying the facts and consequences of gender bias than the conventional presentations typically available, which seem not to be highly effective in changing attitudes or behaviors. Sixth, it is proposed that the UMC establish a certification of 'family-friendly' or 'gender equivalent' institutions that would encourage organizations to meet standards for minimizing gender bias and promoting supportive work environments. Seventh, novel approaches to adjusting job responsibilities of faculty, staff, and students to permit them to deal with family/life issues are needed that do not carry stigmas. Finally, faculty and national laboratory staff need to promote the benefits of their careers to women so that a more positive image of the job of materials scientist or materials engineer is presented.

Angus Rockett

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Gender and Computing Work in the Late 1990s  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Panteli,A. Stack,J. Ramsay,H. Atkinson,M.P. Presented at The Gender, Work and Organization Conference, Manchester Metropolitan University

Panteli, A.; Stack, J.; Ramsay, H.; Atkinson, M.P.

120

Paid and Unpaid Work. Can Policy Improve Gender Inequalities?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.3: Average Annual Gross Earnings of 1995 Graduates by Gender Source: Figure from Purcell and Elias (2008). First main job after 1995 degree £0 £5,000 £10,000 £15,000 Men Women Gender gap = 11% Gender gap = 15% Gender gap = 19% £20,000 £25,000 £30,000 £35... over the last decade. The data used are from the British Household Panel Survey, which is a longitudinal survey of over 5,000 households in Britain. Here we report analysis by Harkness (2008) which concentrates on couples where the women...

Scott, Jacqueline; Dex, Shirley

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Why don’t Jordanian Women Graduate? A theoretical look at gendered experiences in Higher Education in Jordan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at gendered experiences in Higher Education in Jordan Carinelook at gendered experiences in Higher Education in Jordanat gendered experiences in Higher Education in Jordan Carine

Allaf, Carine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Book Review: Toys and Tools in Pink: Cultural Narratives of Gender, Science, and Technology by Carole Colatrella  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research interests include gender in higher education, womenPink: Cultural Narratives of Gender, Science, and TechnologyCultural Narratives of Gender, Science, and Technology,

Lehman, Kathleen J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Why don’t Jordanian Women Graduate? A theoretical look at gendered experiences in Higher Education in Jordan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Higher Education in Jordan Carine Allaf Thinking Gender,look at gendered experiences in Higher Education in Jordanin Higher Education in Jordan Carine Allaf Thinking Gender,

Allaf, Carine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Multi-view gender classification using hierarchical classifiers structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a hierarchical classifier structure for gender classification based on facial images by reducing the complexity of the original problem. In the proposed framework, we first train a classifier, which will properly divide the ... Keywords: gender classification, hierarchical classifiers, multi-view facial images

Tian-Xiang Wu; Bao-Liang Lu

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Refined understanding of sulfur amino acid nutrition in hybrid striped bass, Morone chrysops (male symbol) x M. saxatilis (female symbol)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous studies have indicated the level of total sulfur amino acids (TSAA) (methionine + cystine) is most limiting in practical diet formulations for hybrid striped bass (HSB), especially if animal feedstuffs are replaced with plant feedstuffs. Reduction of costly animal feedstuffs such as fish meal while maintaining adequate dietary levels of TSAA may enhance cost effectiveness of production. Therefore, this study, consisting of four separate feeding trials, investigated three different aspects of sulfur amino acid nutrition of HSB including: (1) the efficacy of crystalline methionine hydroxy analog (MHA) and liquid MHA (AlimetTM) relative to L-methionine in meeting the requirement for TSAA; (2) the cystine sparing value for methionine; and, (3) the influence of various sulfur amino acid supplements on ammonia excretion. During the feeding trials, juvenile HSB were fed various diets including a basal diet deficient in TSAA (0.33 or 0.51% of diet), and experimental diets supplemented on an equalsulfur basis with different levels of either L-methionine, AlimetTM or crystalline MHA. Diets containing TSAA at 1% of diet and different ratios of cystine to methionine (60:40, 55:45, 50:50, and 45:55) also were fed to re-evaluate sparing effects of cystine on methionine. During the ammonia excretion trial, HSB were fed diets containing either L-methionine,AlimetTM or crystalline MHA after which total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) excretion was determined 4 h postprandial. In trial 1, AlimetTM was 73% as effective in promoting growth as L-methionine at the same concentration while MHA was 83% as effective. In trial 3, fish fed AlimetTM at 1.25% of diet displayed similar growth performance as those fed TSAA at 1.0% of diet while weight gain of fish fed AlimetTM at 1% was only 58% of that displayed by fish fed TSAA at 1.0%. No significant differences in weight gain, feed utilization or survival were observed among fish fed diets containing various ratios of cystine to methionine although the diet with 60:40 cystine to methionine supported the lowest responses. Inclusion of MHA or AlimetTM did not affect TAN excretion of HSB. These findings will aid in refining diet formulations for HSB to ensure adequate sulfur amino acid nutrition.

Kelly, Mark Christopher

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

O Que Não Dá Chupa: The Male-to-Female ‘Homosexual’ As Star of Brazil’s Economic Boom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Homosexual” As The Star of Brazil’s Economic Boom (earlyof Southern California Two of Brazil’s most re-occurringabout itself are that Brazil is the country of the future,

Costa, Diego

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Hormone-Behavior Correlates among Male and Female Psychopathic Participants: Relationship to Gray's Model of Behavioral Inhibition and Activation Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study aimed to identify the role of hormonal substrates in relation to Gray’s (1987) model of the behavioral inhibition (BIS) and activation (BAS) systems—constructs… (more)

Ghebrial, Marian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

M) 5 Hispanic Female (H, F) 4 White Male (W, M) 25 White Female (W, F) 17 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Livermore Field Office As of March 23, 2013 1.2% 4.7% 3.5%...

129

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

M) 74 Hispanic Female (H, F) 22 White Male (W, M) 393 White Female (W, F) 19 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Assistant Deputy Administrator for Secure Transportation...

130

Male Fertility and Lipid MetabolismChapter 11 Physiological and Biophysical Properties of Male Germ CellSulfogalactosylglycerolipid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Chapter 11 Physiological and Biophysical Properties of Male Germ CellSulfogalactosylglycerolipid Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloa

131

Closing the Gender Gap in Energy Policy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Gender Gap in Energy Policy the Gender Gap in Energy Policy Closing the Gender Gap in Energy Policy April 7, 2011 - 3:07pm Addthis Melanie A. Kenderdine Melanie A. Kenderdine Director of the Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis What are the key facts? There's not just a shortage of women in technical energy-related fields, there's also a shortage of women in energy policy. Women hold only 27 percent of the science and engineering jobs in the United States. Editor's Note: Join the conversation surrounding this year's Clean Energy Ministerial on Twitter via #CEM2. There's a well-documented gender gap for women in science and engineering, or women in the "STEM" fields of science, technology, engineering and math. The numbers are stark: According to the National Science Foundation, women hold only 27 percent of the science and

132

Gender and Race Sorting at the Application Interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We document gender and race sorting of candidates into various jobs at the point of initial application to a company. At this step of the hiring process, the firm has implemented a policy whereby organizational screeners’ ...

Fernandez, Roberto M.

133

Fermilab | Women's History Month - Sandra Hanson: Gender, Race...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aquarium, WH15-SW Monday, March 8 International Women's Day Tuesday, March 9 Lecture: Gender, Race and Science Education 1-2:30 p.m. Ramsey Auditorium Speaker: Dr. Sandra Hanson,...

134

SP.406 / WGS.406 Sexual and Gender Identities, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course introduces scholarly debates about sexual identities, gender identities and expressions, and sexual orientation and its representation in various media. We begin with an investigation of the theoretical ...

Surkan, Kim

135

SP.406 / WMN.406 Sexual and Gender Identities, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course introduces scholarly debates about sexual identities, gender identities and expressions, and sexual orientation and its representation in various media. We begin with an investigation of the theoretical ...

Surkan, Kim

136

Stay at Home Fathers: the New Gender Benders.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study compared the gender roles and attitudes toward women?s and men?s social roles of stay at home fathers and employed fathers recruited on the… (more)

Fischer, Jessica

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

E(Race)ing gender: Stratified identities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the discussion that follows, I will examine, on the broadest level, Hurston's complex negotiation of identity, as manifested in Their Eyes Were Watching God. Central to this investigation is an understanding of the strategies that women, specifically African American women, have adopted, under the auspices of marriage and the patronage system, to seek an equal place within a hegemonic culture. Most importantly, I want to address the cultural and social price exacted for accepting (as seen in the appropriation of white standards, and rejecting (as seen in Janie's trial for her husband's death) those institutions as the basis of one's identity. The cultural and social price that Janie pays, furthermore, challenges her adaptive capacity to stratify her racial and gender identity. Finally, it exacts a toll on the community as a whole, a fact Hurston repeatedly suggests by illustrating the extent to which the community has absorbed hegemonic standards of value and beauty with little or no inspection of or reflection on the effects to itself or to its individual members.

Nguyen, Le Thuy Thi

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

An Archive of Shame: Gender, Embodiment, and Citizenship in Contemporary American Culture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, "An Archive of Shame: Gender, Embodiment, and Citizenship in Contemporary American Culture," I use the affect of shame in its multiple forms and manifestations as a category of analysis in order to examine complex relationships between gender, sexuality, the body, and citizenship. Through chapters on incest, gender normalization, and disease, I build an "archive" of the feeling of shame that consists of literary texts such as Sapphire's Push: A Novel, Jeffrey Eugenides?s Middlesex, Tony Kushner's Angels in America, and Katherine Dunn?s Geek Love, as well as materials from popular culture, films such as Philadelphia, court cases, and other ephemera such as pamphlets and news coverage. In order to construct this archive, I bring together seemingly disparate materials and create readings of American culture that illustrate how the category of citizen is produced by the shaming of women, the gender non-conforming, and the diseased. Using feminist theoretical models, I critique previous discussions of citizenship, the state, and the body in queer theory, which have reified the privilege of whiteness and maleness by evacuating the bodies of women, the gender non-conforming, and the diseased of their radical potential to undermine oppressive state institutions. The texts I analyze in this project interrogate normalized processes of documentation and archiving, and through their subject matter as well as their form, these texts participate in the archival process?theorizing and exploring alternative methods of documentation, collecting, and historicizing and so illustrate how the discourses produced by mainstream history are built upon the maintenance of social hierarchies. By bringing these texts together, I am developing a theory of the archive and its processes, its bodies, and its feelings. Archiving as a practice collects and documents, and in that collection, develops a coherent narrative about a particular event or history. Critical theory is also a process of making meaning through the collection of events, documents, and texts into a cohesive set of terms in order to make particular abstract claims. This process is often obscured both in archiving and in theorizing by naturalizing the selection of the materials that matter. The alternative archives in this dissertation make that process explicit in order to foreground its erasures and elisions; they register material difference and the ways in which the archive is reproductive of social relations. The transient and unstable nature of the archives produced within the texts of this project makes them difficult to pin down and make coherent, but that is what makes them powerful and transformative. I read these materials as sites where questions about the official histories of the nation, which are constructed through race, gender, and sex, might be played out. The archive of shame I compile in this project, therefore, can be read as a collection of partial sites of struggle against oppressive power relationships.

Harris, Rebecca

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

6 6 YEAR 2011 Males 7 Females 9 YEAR 2011 SES 1 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 9 GS 15 2 GS 13 2 GS 12 1 GS 11 1 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 0 American Indian Female 0 African American Male 1 African American Female 3 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 4 White Female 6 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator of External Affairs, NA-EA As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 7 43.8% 9 56.3% Gender Males Females 6.3% 56.3% 12.5% 12.5% 6.3% 6.3% Pay Plan SES NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) GS 15 GS 13 GS 12 GS 11 0.0% 0.0% 6.3% 18.8% 6.3% 0.0% 6.3% 0.0% 25.0% 37.5% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male Hispanic Female White Male White Female FY11 Workforce Diversity

140

Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the last decade, the Internet and Geographic Information System (GIS) have made changes in the relationship between governments and citizens in many developed countries. Citizens, in such countries, have been given more chances to participate in the decision making process of the spatial issues relevant to them. Such participation has helping to make urban planning more democratic and to make planners plan with the public rather than plan for the public. In Saudi Arabia (a developing country), participation of citizens in spatial decision making is very limited. Such limitation is more severe when considering women due to the circumstance of gender segregation in the Saudi society. While males may somehow muddle through ways to express their views about spatial issues to the planning authority, females have no ways unless they behave against the local norms. There is a persistent need for implementing distance participation for women in Saudi Arabia. This research examines whether developing and employing an Internet / GIS participatory approach can facilitate (without conflicting with the local conservative cultural norms) women’s participation in the municipal decision making process of the neighborhood’s outdoor recreational facilities. The goal was primarily to adapt the technology to serve the society instead of necessitating the society to change its inherited norms to be able to advance. The research involved an exploratory ethnographic case study carried out in a selected residential community in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The research was carried out in two phases where the current status of public participation in the Saudi community planning was investigated first, and then a prototype for an Internet/GIS system for female public participation was developed and evaluated. The research found that there is a legitimate enthusiasm amongst the public and officials of the research sample for adopting e-public participation. Such enthusiasm is supported by a number of political, economical, technological and religious reasons. However, the findings showed that adopting e-public participation is more promising in the near future than currently due to different reasons including the current relatively small number of Internet users in Saudi Arabia. Since such research is the first of its type to be conducted in the Saudi context, the findings can serve as a road map indicating that adopting e-public participation in Saudi Arabia is promising and worth researching.

Daghistani, Farouk

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Sexual Priming, Gender Stereotyping, and Likelihood to Sexually Harass: Examining the Cognitive Effects of Playing a Sexually-Explicit Video Game  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Categorization and Content of Gender Stereotypes. SocialAn examination of violence and gender role portrayals ingames: Implications for gender socialization and aggressive

Yao, Mike Z.; Mahood, Chad; Linz, Daniel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Bodily Renderings of the Jarabe Tapatio in Early Twentieth-Century Mexico and the Millennial United States: Race, Nation, Class, and Gender  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

George. Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the MakingFranco, Jean. Plotting Women: Gender and Representation inTemma. ”Final Reflections: Gender, Chaos, and Authority in

Mendoza-Garcia, Gabriela

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Male Fertility and Lipid MetabolismChapter 13 Significance of Oxidative Stress and Sperm Chromatin Damagein Male Infertility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Chapter 13 Significance of Oxidative Stress and Sperm Chromatin Damagein Male Infertility Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable p

144

Beyond auditions: gender discrimination in America's top orchestras.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Although women have slowly been accepted in America's top orchestras, they are still a minority. Certain instrument sections remain predominantly male in spite of… (more)

Phelps, Amy Louise

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Conducting Feminist Gender Research in the Information Systems Field1 Eileen M. Trauth, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with each other and the communities they serve. The college believes that the creative energy and insights, but are not limited to gender, ethnic, racial, cultural, age, economic, religious, sexual orientation, gender

Kvasny, Lynette

146

Gender ideology: impact on dual-career couples' role strain, marital satisfaction, and life satisfaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With dual-career couples comprising the most common family type, it is important for mental health professionals, employers, and policy makers to understand the unique challenges of this population (Haddock et al., 2001; Saginak & Saginak, 2005.) Numerous researchers have studied the consequences of family and work role strain for dual-career couples. However, when dual-career couples are able to share responsibilities and negotiate degendered roles they experience the benefits of dual-career couples. The literature clearly supports the importance of egalitarian roles for marital satisfaction and life satisfaction of dual-career couples. While researchers have studied social role strain, gender role strain, marital satisfaction, and life satisfaction and discussed the importance of degendered roles and responsibilities for dual-career couples, no studies have examined gender ideology. Saginak and Saginak (2005) called for researchers to investigate how gender ideologies and the gender socialization process perpetuate the challenges faced by dual-career couples in balancing work and family. This study investigated the associations between gender ideology and gender role strain, job-family role strain, marital satisfaction, and life satisfaction among 70 individual members of dual-career couples. A multivariate analysis of variance was utilized to investigate the relationship between gender ideology and the criterion measures. Gender ideology was partially associated with gender role strain with the androgynous gender ideology group scoring significantly lower on gender role strain than the masculine or undifferentiated gender ideology groups but not significantly lower than the feminine gender ideology group. Gender ideology was not associated with job-family role strain or marital satisfaction. In addition, gender ideology was also partially associated with life satisfaction with the androgynous gender ideology group scoring significantly higher on quality of life than the masculine or undifferentiated gender ideology groups but not significantly higher than the feminine gender ideology group. Thus, the current study indicates there are partial associations between gender ideology and gender role strain and life satisfaction for dual-career couples. Mental health professionals, employers, and policy makers working with dual-career couples should assess the socially constructed gender norms and expectations internalized by individuals into a gender ideology as the possible source of challenges experienced by the dual-career couple.

King, Jennifer Jean

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Dating deception: Gender, online dating, and exaggerated self-presentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examined how differences in expectations about meeting impacted the degree of deceptive self-presentation individuals displayed within the context of dating. Participants filled out personality measures in one of four anticipated meeting conditions: ... Keywords: Gender differences, Internet, Mate selection, Personality, Self-presentation

Rosanna E. Guadagno; Bradley M. Okdie; Sara A. Kruse

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Electroacoustic voices in vocal performance art—a gender issue?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In my dissertation Gender Perspectives in Vocal Performance Art, I examine the history and aesthetics of the genre. The core of my work is a vocal database that focuses especially on the extended vocal techniques of the natural voice. In this ...

Theda Weber-Lucks

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Gender and the homoerotic logic of torture at Abu Ghraib  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The focus of this dissertation is a social and cultural theoretical analysis of the empirical data regarding the prison abuse that occurred at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq by American forces. I provide the following: an examination of the photographs of abuse that were leaked to the press in the fall of 2003; an analysis of both Lynndie England’s and Sabrina Harman’s courts-martial (two of the “rotten apples”); a discussion of the body associated with punishment and torture, and also as marked in ways of identification; and an assessment of additional representations regarding prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib. Throughout this analysis, I use gender as a lens to understand Abu Ghraib and the subsequent courts-martial. It is important to note that I gained access to and was intimately involved as a graduate researcher for Dr. Stjepan G. Mestrovic, an expert for the defense, and experienced the events of the trials themselves, first-hand and during closed counsel and open session. The empirical data provided is drawn primarily from first-hand qualitative research that involved participant-observation of two trials, interaction with soldiers and officers, and analysis of both documents pertaining to the trial as well as the photographs of abuse themselves, among other things. I incorporate cultural studies, feminist and sociological theory (modern and postmodern), and feminist philosophy so as to provide a theoretical analysis of the abuse at Abu Ghraib and the subsequent courts-martial focused on gender and sexuality. The result of this dissertation is a social and cultural theoretical analysis of the empirical data regarding the prison abuse that occurred at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq by American forces, where women, gender, and sexuality are shown to be important criteria for examination. Specifically, the results of this project highlight areas that current analyses of the abuse at Abu Ghraib have left out: how women fit into American military politics, how gender functions as power within the military, how gender is socially constructed in the military in terms of heterosexuality, and how both gender and sexuality are used as weapons by the American military. This kind of examination is useful in future policy considerations for the military and for detainee treatment, where analyses of women, gender, sexuality, and power have been so far neglected in any serious way, and even by sociologists Phillip Zimbardo and the application of his Stanford Prison Study to the events of Abu Ghraib.

Caldwell, Ryan Ashley

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Self-concept, self-esteem, gender, race and information technology use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research addressed two fundamental questions regarding self-concept, self-esteem, gender, race and information technology use. First, is technology use related to dimensions of self-concept and/or to self-esteem? Second, are there gender and/or ... Keywords: Gender differences, Race/ethnicity differences, Self-concept, Self-esteem, Technology use

Linda A. Jackson; Alexander von Eye; Hiram E. Fitzgerald; Yong Zhao; Edward A. Witt

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

1 1 YEAR 2011 Males 18 Females 23 YEAR 2011 SES 2 EJ/EK 2 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 35 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 2 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 1 American Indian Female 2 African American Male 3 African American Female 9 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 2 Hispanic Female 6 White Male 12 White Female 6 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Information Management & Chief Information Officer, NA-IM As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 18 43.9% 23 56.1% Gender Males Females 4.9% 4.9% 85.4% 4.9% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 2.4% 4.9% 7.3% 22.0% 0.0% 0.0% 4.9% 14.6% 29.3% 14.6% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male

152

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

4 4 YEAR 2011 Males 21 Females 23 YEAR 2011 SES 3 EJ/EK 1 EN 03 1 NN (Engineering) 3 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 31 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 5 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 0 American Indian Female 0 African American Male 1 African American Female 2 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 6 Hispanic Female 10 White Male 13 White Female 10 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Office of General Counsel, NA-GC As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 21 47.7% 23 52.3% Gender Males Females 6.8% 2.3% 2.3% 6.8% 70.5% 11.4% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK EN 03 NN (Engineering) NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 0.0% 0.0% 2.3% 4.5% 2.3% 2.3% 13.6% 22.7% 29.5% 22.7% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male

153

NATIONAL CIVILIAN DATA  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Civilian Labor Force (2000) Black Female Black Male Hispanic Female Hispanic Male Asian Female Asian Male American Indian Female American Indian Male White Female White Male...

154

Gender and ethnicity referral bias for ADHD: the school's view  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In school, all children at some time have been disruptive; however, there are a select few who are continually disruptive and identified by school personnel as those who may have a disruptive behavior disorder such as ADHD. Many times these children are boys and of a minority group (Root & Resnick, 2003). Information collected from school teachers and parents most often provides the basis for diagnosing ADHD, whether reliable or objective. The purpose of the study was to investigate any differences in the way in which teachers respond to behavioral difficulties associated with ADHD for African American girls and boys as compared to White girls and boys, with control for SES and perceived school climate as potential confounds. These results are promising in that teachers� responses suggest similarity in perceptions of children�s behavior regardless of children�s socioeconomic status, gender and ethnicity. The results indicated that a significant difference exists in that teachers would talk to the counselor about the child�s behavior based on the child�s ethnicity, gender, and SES. When controlling for school climate, there was a significant difference in teacher responses to unusualness of inattention, which indicated that the better the school climate, the more unusual the inattention was perceived. Also, results indicated that the teacher�s ethnicity and/or ethnicity and gender affected how they perceived the child�s behavior.

Rollins, Dahl Annette

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

ORIGINAL PAPER Differential sperm expenditure by male sailfin mollies,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction It is increasingly evident that sperm production is costly to males (Dewsbury 1982; Nakatsuru expected outcome of costly sperm production is differential control of sperm production and expenditure strategies that reduce costs associated with spermatogenesis. This is especially true when males

Gabor, Caitlin - Department of Biology, Texas State University

156

487 SEX CHROMATIN POSITIVE METASTATIC MELANOMA 1N A MALE WITH A FAVOURABLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUMMARY.-The presence of sex chromatin in a metastatic malignant melanoma from a male patient aged 26 who showed no evidence of any constitutional chromosome anomaly is described. A possible association between the apparently " female " origin of the tumour and the good response to therapy is considered. TU.'%1OTJRS of males, apart from teratomas, do not generally show sex chromatin (Tavares,.11.466; Atkin, 1967). We found only one chromatin-positive tumour among 311 non-teratomatous malignant tumours studied by a squash techiiique; this was an oesophageal carcinoma in a patient aged 71 who proved to be an unsuspected case of Klinefelter's syndrome with a 47,XXY karyotype (Atkin and Baker, 1965). The present tumour shows the appearances of sex chromatin in the tumour cells, but studies on the patient's normal cells have revealed no evidence of a constitutional chromosome anomaly. The case is also notable for the good outcome of treatment; the patient is well 41 years after removal of the primary tumour

N. B. Atkin

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Female Scientists, Engineers Open Students' Eyes to Career Options |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Female Scientists, Engineers Open Students' Eyes to Career Options Female Scientists, Engineers Open Students' Eyes to Career Options Female Scientists, Engineers Open Students' Eyes to Career Options June 12, 2012 - 3:43pm Addthis Students practice hooking out -- or removing -- DNA from a strawberry sample at Idaho National Laboratory. | Photo courtesy of INL. Students practice hooking out -- or removing -- DNA from a strawberry sample at Idaho National Laboratory. | Photo courtesy of INL. Kortny Rolston INL Communications & Governmental Affairs What are the key facts? 76 female students from Idaho Falls and Twin Falls attended the annual event. The event was organized by Idaho Women in Nuclear (IWIN). Portage, Inc., the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and several other groups support the event. Editor's note: This article was cross-posted from Idaho National

158

Hunter College Black Male Initiative-"Brothers for Excellence"-Summer Pipeline Programs Hunter College Black Male Initiative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hunter College Black Male Initiative-"Brothers for Excellence"- Summer Pipeline Programs 1 Hunter College Black Male Initiative "Brothers for Excellence" Summer Pipeline Programs Table of Contents Page 11 Law Pipeline Programs 1 11 Graduate School, Earning a Ph.D., Conduct Research Pipeline Programs 24 16

Qiu, Weigang

159

Influence of Bull Traits and Bull to Female Ratio on Reproductive Perfromance in Beef Females and of Nutrition During Gestation on Calving Difficulty in Primiparous Beef Females  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current study involved two experiments that were conducted at the Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Uvalde, TX (semi-arid environment) from 2006 to 2008. In experiment one, Bonsmara bulls ( n = 39; 20-24 mo of age) were joined with multiparous Bonsmara and Bonsmara-influenced females (n = 1013) during a 90-day breeding season in 2006, 2007, and 2008 to quantify the effects of a reduction in bull to female ratio on reproductive performance. Bulls were also placed with primiparous beef females ( n = 142). Bulls were allotted by selected physical traits, social rank, serving capacity, and seminal traits to one of two bull to female (BFR) treatments: Low (1:30-1:45; n = 10 pastures) or Conventional (1:16-1:26; n = 12 pastures) BFR. Pregnancy rate (P = 0.36), calving date (P = 0.24), and calving rate (P = 0.25) did not differ between Conventional and Low BFR treatments. The current experiment demonstrates that Low BFR can be utilized in breeding pastures of up to 2,090 ha without negatively affecting reproductive performance. In experiment two, Bonsmara heifers (3/4, 7/8, and full bloods) were exposed to Bonsmara bulls from April 15 to July 15 during each of the two years. Heifers were weighed, rectally palpated for pregnancy, and scored for BCS (1 thin - 9 fat) and frame score (1 short - 9 tall) in December (end of second trimester) during years 1 and 2. Heifers were stratified on expected calving date and randomly allotted to one of two levels of nutrition for the remainder of gestation. In year 1, heifers were allotted to range forage (n=31, low nutrition, LN) or to non-irrigated oat pasture (n=31, high nutrition, HN). In year 2, heifers were placed onto the same range environment as in year 1 (n=31, LN) or onto irrigated ryegrass pasture (n=31,HN). Heifers in the LN groups were supplemented with 20% CP cubes at the rate of 0.9 kg/heifer/day from January 2 until calving while HN heifers were not supplemented. Within 4 hr of birth, calves were weighed, and calf vigor and calving difficulty scores were recorded. Heifers were weighed within 72 hours of parturition. From treatment initiation through calving, HN heifers gained 48.6 kg whereas the LN females lost 15 kg. Twice as many HN heifers required major assistance at calving as compared to LN heifers. Calves born to the HN females weighed 3.7 kg more at birth than those born to LN females. These differences resulted in HN heifers having (P = 0.005) more calving difficulty than LN heifers (mean calving difficutly of 2.3 for HN and 1.6 for LN). The calves of the HN females were also less vigorous (P = 0.005) after birth than the calves from LN females (calf vigor score of 2.2 for HN and 3.3 for LN). Consequently, the level of nutrition during the third trimester of gestation can affect calving difficulty, calf vigor, and female weight.

Bloomberg, Blake David

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

40 40 YEAR 2011 Males 68 Females 72 YEAR 2011 SES 5 EJ/EK 1 NN (Engineering) 16 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 115 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 3 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 1 American Indian Female 2 African American Male 3 African American Female 7 Asian Male 4 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 25 Hispanic Female 26 White Male 35 White Female 37 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Acquistion & Project Management, NA-APM As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 68 48.6% 72 51.4% Gender Males Females 3.6% 0.7% 11.4% 82.1% 2.1% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK NN (Engineering) NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 0.7% 1.4% 2.1% 5.0% 2.9% 0.0% 17.9% 18.6% 25.0% 26.4% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Gender homophily from spatial behavior in a primary school: a sociometric study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate gender homophily in the spatial proximity of children (6 to 12 years old) in a French primary school, using time-resolved data on face-to-face proximity recorded by means of wearable sensors. For strong ties, i.e., for pairs of children who interact more than a defined threshold, we find statistical evidence of gender preference that increases with grade. For weak ties, conversely, gender homophily is negatively correlated with grade for girls, and positively correlated with grade for boys. This different evolution with grade of weak and strong ties exposes a contrasted picture of gender homophily.

Stehlé, J; Picard, T; Barrat, C Cattuto A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Rehabilitating Gender Roles: Girls in Texas’ Juvenile Justice System, 1949-1958  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gender Roles: Girls in Texas’ Juvenile Justice System, 1949-established societal norms, the Texas Youth Commission, asand social systems. The Texas Youth Commission created

Hughes, Allison

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Book Review: The Aftermath of Feminism: Gender, Culture and Social Change by Angela McRobbie  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book Review 39 The Aftermath of Feminism: Gender, Cultureand Social Change. This book focuses on cultural forces thatcultural environment. This book is not an empirical work,

Tucker, Natalee D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

“Let it be a Woman’s Park”: Gender, Identity and the Battle over Mesa Verde  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Price, ms, Virginia McClurg Collection, Colorado SpringsPioneer Museum, Colorado SpringsMary Swanson, Colorado State University Thinking Gender

Swanson, Mary

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Do women represent women? : gender and policy in Argentina and Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Gender Quotas in Mexico. ? Electoral Studies 22: 101-of Decentralization: Lessons from Mexico, ed. Marcelo M.Federalismo Fiscal en México. ? MPRA Paper 10572, Munich,

Piscopo, Jennifer M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #390: September 19, 2005 Stretch...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7% 125-199 miles 6% 200+ miles 6% Mode Personal vehicle 96% Air travel 1% Other 3% Gender Male 84% Female 16% Household income Less than 25,000 13% 25,000 - 49,000 29% More...

167

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

White Male (W,M) 29 26 -10.34% White Female (W,F) 19 16 -15.79% Change DIVERSITY Change Livermore Field Office As of September 26, 2013 TOTAL WORKFORCE Change GENDER...

168

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

-8.33% White Male (W,M) 34 34 0.00% White Female (W,F) 17 16 -5.88% Change DIVERSITY Change Sandia Field Office As of September 26, 2013 TOTAL WORKFORCE Change GENDER...

169

Optimism, psychological well-being, and quality of life in females with Fibromyalgia Syndrome.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This study explored the relationship between optimism, psychological well-being and quality of life in a sample of females with Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS). Adult females… (more)

Belcher, Joseph T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Liberty Deprived: The Social and Political Determinants of Female Incarceration Rates, 1979-2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

female incarceration rate increase by 604 percent, while thethe female incarceration rate increase, on average, by 5 perof threat; incarceration rates increase in response to this

McAnnally, Linda

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Ethnicity and gender in the face of a terrorist attack: A national longitudinal study of immediate responses and outcomes two years after September 11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

19, 185-193. Ethnic and Gender Differences following 9/11 23with terrorism: Age and gender differences in effortful andR. , et al. (2005). Gender differences in posttraumatic

Chu, T Q; Seery, M D; Ence, W A; Holman, E A; Silver, Roxane Cohen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

New technologies as social fact: gender and digital divide in Spain in compared perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a comparative analysis of the effect that the new technologies has had on the social structure and on unequal access by gender in Southern European countries, particularly in Spain. I have used data from the Eurobarometer for the ... Keywords: education, gender, information technology, women studies

Almudena Moreno Minguez

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Website design in an international context: The role of gender in masculine versus feminine oriented countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous research confirms there are differences between men and women concerning website design preferences. A few researchers have further suggested website preferences based on gender (i.e. whether one is a man or a woman) differ in countries that ... Keywords: Culture, Gender, Website design, Website satisfaction, Website trust

Dianne Cyr, Milena Head

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Women & early-stage entrepreneurship : examining the impact of the venture funding crisis on male and female-led technology start-ups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Women in technology have always been a minority and the number of women who are founders of venture backed start-ups is even lower. This research empirically investigates venture capital funding received by entrepreneurs ...

Swaminathan, Shuba

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Quantitative genetics of growth, carcass-quality traits, and disease resistance in hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops [female] x Morone saxatilis [male])  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 10 x 10 factorial mating design and a ‘common-garden’ rearing approach were employed to examine genetic effects and heritability of growth, carcass-quality traits, and disease resistance, important production traits in the aquaculture of hybrid striped bass (? white bass, Morone chrysops, crossed with ?striped bass, Morone saxatilis). Genotypes at four to ten nuclear-encoded microsatellites were used for parentage assignment and a general, linear-mixed model and a Restricted Maximum Likelihood (REML) algorithm were used to estimate variance components associated with dam, sire, and dam x sire interaction effects. Dam and sire effect on juvenile growth (weight, length and growth rates) were significant, whereas dam by sire interaction effect was not. Estimates of broad-sense heritability for growth, based on family means (h2 f), in dams ranged from 0.60 ± 0.20 to 0.82 ± 0.10 and in sires ranged from 0.43 ± 0.20 to 0.75 ± 0.18. High correlations were found between growth rates measured at two time intervals. Estimates of general combining ability for growth rates differed significantly among dams and among sires, whereas estimates of specific combining ability for each dam × sire combination did not differ significantly from zero. These results suggest that additive-effect genes contributed to the differences in juvenile growth. Dam and sire effect on fillet weight were significant; dam effect on liver weight and sire effect on total viscera weight were also significant. Dam and sire effect on hepatosomatic index and viscerasomatic index were significant, as was dam and sire interaction effect on viscerasomatic index. Phenotypic and genetics correlations between body weight and carcass-quality traits were high (0.85 - 1.00). Phenotypic correlations between body weight and standardized carcass-quality traits were positive but low, ranging from 0.07 to 0.19. Resistance to S. iniae was assessed in a challenge experiment, using the 10 dam x 10 sire factorial mating design. A significant effect of sire on resistance to S. iniae was found, and offspring from one sire had a 2.4 times higher probability of dying than offspring from the ‘average’ sire. Genetic effects on the immune-response parameters and on stress-response parameters assessed were non-significant.

Wang, Xiaoxue

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Female mating preferences for male traits used in species and mate recognition in the Mexican sailfin mollies, Poecilia velifera and P. petenensis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

%) with Brine Shrimp Flake (38%) and Spirulina132 Flake (2%) mixture) (Burlingame, California, U.S.A.) (Clemson or reversed (Wiens 2001). Reversal of preferences may, for example,573 occur if choice incurs a high cost

Ptacek, Margaret B.

177

Grammatical gender effects on cognition: Implications for language learning and language use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 4 experiments, the authors addressed the mechanisms by which grammatical gender (in Italian and German) may come to affect meaning. In Experiments 1 (similarity judgments) and 2 (semantic substitution errors), the authors found Italian gender effects for animals but not for artifacts; Experiment 3 revealed no comparable effects in German. These results suggest that gender effects arise as a generalization from an established association between gender of nouns and sex of human referents, extending to nouns referring to sexuated entities. Across languages, such effects are found when the language allows for easy mapping between gender of nouns and sex of human referents (Italian) but not when the mapping is less transparent (German). A final experiment provided further constraints: These effects during processing arise at a lexical–semantic level rather than at a conceptual level.

Gabriella Vigliocco; David P. Vinson; Federica Paganelli; Katharina Dworzynski

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

The Gender Gap in Secondary School Mathematics at High Achievement Levels: Evidence from the American Mathematics Competitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper uses a new data source, American Mathematics Competitions, to examine the gender gap among high school students at very high achievement levels. The data bring out several new facts. There is a large gender gap ...

Ellison, Glenn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Girlhood Geographies: Mapping Gendered Spaces in Victorian Literature for Children  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Girlhood Geographies: Mapping Gendered Spaces in Victorian Literature for Children," analyzes Victorian literature for girls and contemporary discourses on girlhood through the lens of cultural geography in order to examine the importance of place in the Victorian girl's identity work and negotiation of social responsibilities, pressures, and anxieties. The premise of my project is that one of the pressing cultural concerns in Victorian England, which greatly valued the stability of gender and class identities, was to teach children to know their place—not simply their proper position in society but how their position in society dictated the physical spaces in which they belonged and those in which they did not. Girls' virtue, in particular, was evinced in their ability to determine and engage in behavior appropriate to the spaces in which they lived. I argue that, by portraying girls' negotiation of the spaces of the home, outdoors, school, and street, Victorian children's literature sought to organize for the girl reader both the places in which she lived and her ability to define these places in relation to her own subjectivity. Each of my chapters considers a genre or body of children's literature that centers on place, including domestic fiction such as Charlotte Yonge's The Daisy Chain and Catherine Sinclair's Holiday House, literature set in the garden and outdoors, including Christina Rossetti's Speaking Likenesses and Kate Greenaway's Under the Window, and school stories by such writers as L.T. Meade, Geraldine Mockler, and Evelyn Sharp. In analyzing these texts, this dissertation illuminates the manner in which girl characters' relationships with nuanced physical spaces affect their negotiation of personal interests and social responsibilities, and their development into Victorian women.

Fritz, Sonya Sawyer

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Temperature, but Not Available Energy, Affects the Expression of a Sexually Selected Ultraviolet (UV) Colour Trait in Male European Green Lizards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Colour signals are widely used in intraspecific communication and often linked to individual fitness. The development of some pigment-based (e.g. carotenoids) colours is often environment-dependent and costly for the signaller, however, for structural colours (e.g. ultraviolet [UV]) this topic is poorly understood, especially in terrestrial ectothermic vertebrates. Methodology/Principal Findings: In a factorial experiment, we studied how available energy and time at elevated body temperature affects the annual expression of the nuptial throat colour patch in male European green lizards (Lacerta viridis) after hibernation and before mating season. In this species, there is a female preference for males with high throat UV reflectance, and males with high UV reflectance are more likely to win fights. We found that (i) while food shortage decreased lizards ’ body condition, it did not affect colour development, and (ii) the available time for maintaining high body temperature affected the development of UV colour without affecting body condition or other colour traits. Conclusions/Significance: Our results demonstrate that the expression of a sexually selected structural colour signal depends on the time at elevated body temperature affecting physiological performance but not on available energy gained from food per se in an ectothermic vertebrate. We suggest that the effect of high ambient temperature on UV colour in male L. viridis makes it an honest signal, because success in acquiring thermally favourable territories and/or effective behavioural

Katalin Bajer; Orsolya Molnár; János Török; Gábor Herczeg

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Does having women in positions of power reduce gender inequality in organizations? : a direct test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While most research on gender inequality in organizations has focused on the "glass ceilings" barring women from obtaining high-status, or management, positions, as women continue to gain access to these organizational ...

Abraham, Mabel Lana Botelho

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

The Possibilities of Women and Men: Gender and the California Milling Stone Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Richard 1991 Archaic Milling Cultures of the Southern SanGender and the California Milling Stone Horizon KELLY R.those subsumed under the Milling Stone Horizon, that are not

McGuire, Kelly R; Hildebrandt, William R

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

SP.401 / WGS.401 Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies, Spring 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An interdisciplinary subject that draws on literature, history, psychology, philosophy, anthropology, and feminist theory to examine our cultural assumptions about gender, trace the effects of new scholarship on traditional ...

Surkan, Kim

184

Strategies and Practices of Advocacy: Gender Advocacy Against Trafficking in Women in Nepal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

partnership • • • • the perspectives of the affected COmmUl1ltles. Lobbying initiatives for policy changes should be firmly grounded in community based campaigns affected by the issue. Leadership (of an organisation, a group or an individual) with clear... working as Program Representative for Oxfam GS in Nepal. Mr. Luintel is a sociologist specialising on gender issues and teaches gender course at Central Depal1ment of Sociology/Anthropology, Tribhuvan University 60 Occasional Papers M. POl/del & Y.R. Ll...

Poudel, Meena; Luintel, Youba Raj

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Holy Mother of Chiri Mountain: A Female Mountain Spirit in Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Female Mountain Spirit in Korea by Maya Stiller UCLA Centera Female Mountain Spirit in Korea by Maya Stiller I n hisfemale mountain spirits in Korea, James Grayson argues that

Stiller, Maya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

my ability. 4. I will be available to help you  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the exploration of the texts. What to expect from me: 1. I will put as much energy and enthusiasm into this course. The course will be ex- ploring world literature through the lenses of gender, sexuality, sex, relationships For 9/3: Please define the following terms: culture, sex, sexuality, gender, male, female, man, woman

Suzuki, Masatsugu

187

TOTAL SES EK EN V EN IV EN III NN NQ NU ELIGIBLE TO RETIRE IMMEDIATELY  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

31 GRADES 1 4 1 4 RETIREMENT 2 6 12 1 GENDER AGE 48.9 YRS YEARS OF FEDERAL SERVICE DIVERSITY SPECIAL 19.8 YRS EDUCATION SUPERVISOR RATIO 6 GENDER Females 38.7% Males 61.3% AGE...

188

TOTAL SES EK EN V EN IV EN III  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

4 30 17 51.1 YRS RETIREMENT GENDER AGE SPECIAL 22.0 YRS EDUCATION SUPERVISOR RATIO 8 DIVERSITY Males 67.4% Females 32.6% GENDER 5.3% 6.3% 27.4% 41.1% 17.9% 2.1% UNDER 30 30-39...

189

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

F) 6 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Kansas City Field Office As of March 23, 2013 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY 2.6% 2.6% 28.9% 21.1% 39.5% 5.3% Pay Plan Males 71.1% Females 28.9% Gender AIAN, M...

190

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

F) 7 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Savannah River Field Office As of March 23, 2013 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY 6.5% 12.9% 38.7% 38.7% 3.2% Pay Plan Males 64.5% Females 35.5% Gender AIAN, M AIAN,...

191

Women & early-stage entrepreneurship : examining the impact of the venture funding crisis on male and female-led technology start-ups; Women and early-stage entrepreneurship; Examining the impact of the venture funding crisis on male and female-led technology start-ups.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Women in technology have always been a minority and the number of women who are founders of venture backed start-ups is even lower. This research… (more)

Swaminathan, Shuba

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Assessment of High Rates of Precocious Male Maturation in a Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Hatchery Program, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Yakima River Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Project in Washington State is currently one of the most ambitious efforts to enhance a natural salmon population in the United States. Over the past five years we have conducted research to characterize the developmental physiology of naturally- and hatchery-reared wild progeny spring chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Yakima River basin. Fish were sampled at the main hatchery in Cle Elum, at remote acclimation sites and, during smolt migration, at downstream dams. Throughout these studies the maturational state of all fish was characterized using combinations of visual and histological analysis of testes, gonadosomatic index (GSI), and measurement of plasma 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT). We established that a plasma 11-KT threshold of 0.8 ng/ml could be used to designate male fish as either immature or precociously maturing approximately 8 months prior to final maturation (1-2 months prior to release as 'smolts'). Our analyses revealed that 37-49% of the hatchery-reared males from this program undergo precocious maturation at 2 years of age and a proportion of these fish appear to residualize in the upper Yakima River basin throughout the summer. An unnaturally high incidence of precocious male maturation may result in loss of potential returning anadromous adults, skewing of female: male sex ratios, ecological, and genetic impacts on wild populations and other native species. Precocious male maturation is significantly influenced by growth rate at specific times of year and future studies will be conducted to alter maturation rates through seasonal growth rate manipulations.

Larsen, Donald; Beckman, Brian; Cooper, Kathleen

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Diet composition and performance of female collegiate soccer players  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal nutrition for soccer athletes facilitates adaptation to the metabolic and energy demands of training and competition. Limited data have examined habitual dietary practices of female players, especially at the intercollegiate level. The purpose of this investigation was: 1) To establish baseline dietary analysis, anthropometrics, and performance data; 2) To compare values between rigorous pre-season training (2 sessions/day) to that of the post-competitive season; and 3) To examine correlations between performance and nutritional parameters. Members of a NCAA, Division I soccer squad completed a 3-day diet record in combination with physical tests, including VO?[], both pre- and post-season. No significant pre- to post differences were found for body weight or body fatness (62.0 ± 4.8 kg vs. 61.6 ± 4.7 kg; 16.4 ± 2.4% vs. 16.1 ± 2.8%). Total energy, carbohydrate, protein, and fat intakes were significantly greater during the pre-season (2290 ± 312 kcal vs.1866 ± 530 kcal; 320 ± 70 g (55%) vs. 263 ± 71 g (57%); 86.5 ± 18.7 g (15%) vs. 58.2 ± 16.8 g (13%); 75.2 ± 3.3 g (29%) vs. 65.9 ± 28.7 g (31%)) compared to post-season. Pre-season energy intake met the RDA for moderate levels of activity (37 kcal/kg). While CHO intake failed to meet minimum recommendations to promote glycogen repletion (7-10 g/kg), protein and fat intakes were above the minimum recommendations. Pre-season intakes of vitamin D, vitamin E, folate, biotin, pantothenic acid, copper, and magnesium were marginal (fat, in addition to foods with low nutrient value may displace CHO-rich and nutrient-dense foods within athletes' energy requirements and satiety limits. Sport nutrition counseling may benefit female soccer athletes to enhance dietary practices, thus encouraging optimal intake of nutrients during periods of increased and decreased food intake.

Clark, Mandy Michele

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Administrative Impact of Adding Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity to Texas’s Employment Non-Discrimination Law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct. Williams Institute, Texas Census Snapshot: 2010,and Gender Identity to Texas’s Employment Non-Discriminationof these workers live in Texas. Texas law does not prohibit

Badgett, M.V. Lee; Mallory , Christy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Portraits of the Sun: Violence, Gender, and Nation in the Art of Shiraga Kazuo and Tanaka Atsuko  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Challenge the Midsummer Burning Sun." Gutai 3 (1955): 24.Dazai, Osamu. The Setting Sun. Norfolk: J. Laughlin, 1956.and Sachiko Nakajima. Rising Suns, Rising Daughters: Gender,

Kunimoto, Thalia Namiko

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Photo Identification, Summer Activity Pattern, Estimated Field Metabolic Rate and Territory Quality of Adult Male Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris) in Simpson Bay, Prince William Sound, Alaska  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project describes a portion of a long-term study of the behavioral ecology of sea otters. Sub-studies of this project include the development of an individual recognition program for sea otters, the construction of male sea otter activity and energy budgets, and the assessment of male sea otter territory quality. The Sea Otter Nose Matching Program, or "SONMaP", was developed to identify individual sea otters in Simpson Bay, Prince William Sound, Alaska, using a blotch-pattern recognition algorithm based on the shape and location of nose scars. The performance of the SONMaP program was tested using images of otters collected during the 2002-03 field seasons, and previously matched by visually comparing every image in a catalog of 1,638 animals. In 48.9% of the visually matched images, the program accurately selected the correct image in the first 10% of the catalog. Individual follows and instantaneous sampling were used during the summers of 2004-06, to observe male sea otter behavior. Six behaviors (foraging, grooming, interacting with other otters, patrolling, resting, and surface swimming) were observed during four time periods (dawn, day, dusk, night) to create 24-hr activity budgets. Male sea otters spent 27% of their time resting, 26% swimming, 19% grooming, 14% foraging, 9% patrolling and 5% interacting with other otters. Field Metabolic Rate (FMR) was estimated by combining the energetic costs for foraging, grooming, resting, and swimming behaviors of captive otters from Yeates et al. (2007) with these activity budgets. "Swimming" accounted for the greatest percentage (43%) of energy expended each day followed by grooming (23%), resting (15%), feeding (13%) and other (5%). With a peak summer sea otter density of 5.6 otters km-2, the low percentage of time spent foraging indicates that Simpson Bay is below equilibrium density. Territory quality was assessed for male sea otters using four attributes: territory size, shoreline enclosure, accessibility, and number of females observed feeding in each territory. Each attribute was coded with a score of 0-2, and total quality scores ranged from 0.14-1.96 (0.9 + 0.61 SD). High quality territories had large areas, moderate shoreline enclosure, high accessibility, and many foraging females.

Finerty, Shannon E.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

An examination of hockey: identity, gender construction, hegemonic masculinity, women's hockey, and Turkey.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to examine hockey's identity, how the game constructs identity, and how the increasing participation of females in hockey in… (more)

Bilton, Tyler

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

M) 15 Hispanic Female (H, F) 11 White Male (W, M) 49 White Female (W, F) 12 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Los Alamos Field Office As of March 23, 2013 1.0% 9.4% 28.1%...

199

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

M) 12 Hispanic Female (H, F) 11 White Male (W, M) 34 White Female (W, F) 16 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Sandia Field Office As of March 23, 2013 2.5% 8.8% 13.8% 1.3%...

200

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

M) 6 Hispanic Female (H, F) 6 White Male (W, M) 51 White Female (W, F) 14 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER Nevada Field Office As of March 23, 2013 1.1% 3.4% 1.1% 31.8%...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Gender differences in health-related quality-of-life are partly explained by sociodemographic and socioeconomic variation between adult men and women in the US: evidence from four US nationally representative data sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. A. , et al. (2002). Gender differences in anticipatedMerighi, J. R. (2002). Gender and ethnic differences inC. , & Rieker, P. P. (2008). Gender and health: The effects

Cherepanov, Dasha; Palta, Mari; Fryback, Dennis G.; Robert, Stephanie A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

How to write like Tina and Mindy: constructing persona in female celebrity memoir .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The primary goal for this project was to demonstrate that celebrity memoir, specifically female comedian memoir, examines the self in a similar manner as memoirs… (more)

Neuroth, Sarah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Frequency and duration of low back pain in female hockey players compared to two other populations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??To compare the frequency and duration of low back pain (LBP) in the past 2 years in female hockey players , with two other groups… (more)

Edwards, Fiona

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A Real Reflection of How I Write: Young Adult Female Authors Seizing Agency Through Fan Fiction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research project examines ""fan fiction"" (stories based upon existing texts such as movies, books, and video games) written by a young adult female and… (more)

Coleman, Susanna

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Female community leaders in Houston, Texas: a study of the education of Ima Hogg and Christia Daniels Adair  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Houston, Texas, the fourth largest metropolitan area in the United States, has several structures named after historically male leaders of the city?George R. Brown Convention Center, Mickey Leland Federal Building, William P. Hobby Airport, and Jesse H. Jones Hall. However, Houston women have also had a history that included positions of leadership in the community. Not only were women instrumental in creating the city’s cultural institutions such as the Houston Symphony, Alley Theater, and Houston Public Library, but female community leaders were also responsible for social and political reforms including the integration of public facilities in Houston and the campaign for women’s suffrage. These women leaders have not been recognized, and there are no public buildings in Houston that bear the names of women. This study seeks, in part, to make known the achievements of two women?one white, one black?who played an integral part in the political and cultural fabric of twentieth century Houston. The purpose of this dissertation was to analyze the relationship between educational experience and community leadership in the lives of two female community leaders in Houston, Texas, Ima Hogg and Christia Daniels Adair. Utilizing published interviews, government records, and manuscript collections, I detail the beliefs and values taught and modeled by parents and reinforced by church, school, and community, as well as the knowledge and skills developed through organizational work and self-directed study. Upon initial observation, the lives of Ima Hogg and Christia Adair seemed quite different, separated by issues of race and class. However, by examining both the formal and informal educational experiences of these two women, common patterns or themes emerged. The themes were identified as service to community, expectations of success and leadership, a belief in the value of education and lifelong learning, and the development of leadership skills. The informal educational experience, in particular, proved to be especially significant in the development of leadership skills for these women and in their eventual roles as community leaders. Using these themes, this study analyzes the education of two female community leaders as a way of understanding the relationship between women’s education and women’s achievement.

Black, Linda L.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Computer-game construction: A gender-neutral attractor to Computing Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enrollment in Computing Science university programs is at a dangerously low level. A major reason for this is the general lack of interest in Computing Science by females. In this paper, we discuss our experience with using a computer game construction ... Keywords: Computer game construction, Computing Science, Females in Science

Mike Carbonaro; Duane Szafron; Maria Cutumisu; Jonathan Schaeffer

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Design Planning in End-User Web Development: Gender, Feature Exploration and Feelings of Success  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report an empirical study of nonprogrammers who built a database-centered web application using an end-user web development tool. Half of the users spent time planning their project by creating a concept map before starting the programming; across ... Keywords: End-user programming, Gender HCI, web development

Mary Beth Rosson; Hansa Sinha; Tisha Edor

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Impact of consumer empowerment on online trust: An examination across genders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Consumer empowerment is a psychological construct related to the individual's perception of the extent to which he/she can control the distribution and use of his/her personally identifying information. It has been argued to have an impact on consumers' ... Keywords: Consumer empowerment, E-commerce, Gender differences, Privacy concerns, Trust

Vishal Midha

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Say it with Systems: Expanding Kodu's Expressive Power through Gender-Inclusive Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Say it with Systems: Expanding Kodu's Expressive Power through Gender-Inclusive Mechanics Teale@etr.org ° Microsoft FUSE Labs mattmac@microsoft.com ABSTRACT While game mechanics are a primary focus in game design and programming environments. But game mechanics are central here as well, with different tools supporting

California at Santa Cruz, University of

210

Examining IT professionals' adaptation to technological change: the influence of gender and personal attributes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the challenge of adapting to technological changes in IS departments. It develops a set of hypotheses about how two personal attributes (tolerance of ambiguity and openness to experience) will be associated with IT professionals' ... Keywords: IT professionals, burnout, gender, innovation adoption, openness to experience, software process innovations, stress, tolerance of ambiguity

Michael J. Gallivan

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Bodies of evidence, singing cyborgs and other gender issues in electrovocal music  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article is part of PhD research dealing with gender issues in electroacoustic music, focusing on the voice. The first part of the article begins with a discussion of the musical material under research. Thereafter follows an elaborate overview of ...

Hannah Bosma

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Computers work for women: Gender differences in e-supported divorce mediation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite the increasing use of e-mediated services to settle divorce, research on its effectiveness is limited. In this paper, we investigate the effectiveness of an asynchronous e-supported tool to mediate divorces in the Netherlands. In order to do ... Keywords: Computer-mediated communication, Divorce, E-supported mediation, Gender, Justice, Mediation effectiveness

Katalien N. L. Bollen, Alain-Laurent Verbeke, Martin C. Euwema

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Say it with systems: expanding Kodu's expressive power through gender-inclusive mechanics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While game mechanics are a primary focus in game design and game studies, they have been little discussed in the context of introductory game creation and programming environments. But game mechanics are central here as well, with different tools supporting ... Keywords: Kodu, children, computer science education, game design, game mechanics, gender, motivation, programming, programming environments

Teale Fristoe; Jill Denner; Matt MacLaurin; Michael Mateas; Noah Wardrip-Fruin

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

An Examination of Internet Pornography Usage Among Male Students at Evangelical Christian Colleges.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Internet pornography access among male students at Evangelical Christian colleges presents two dilemmas. First, Internet pornography access is institutionally prohibited based on a Biblical… (more)

Chelsen, Paul Olaf

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Effects of controlled dog hunting on movements of female white-tailed deer.  

SciTech Connect

D'Angelo, Gino, J., John C. Kilgo, Christopher E. Comer, Cory D. Drennan, David A. Osborn, and Karl V. Miller. 2003. Effects of controlled dog hunting on movements of female white-tailed deer. In: Proceedings of the Annu. Conf. Southeast. Assoc. Fish and Wildl. Agencies. 57:317-325. This article explores the relationship between controlled dog hunting and the movements of female white tailed deer at the Savannah River Site, South Carolina. The data suggests that short term, controlled dog hunting has little long-term effect on adult, female white-tailed deer movement on the Savannah River Site.

D' Angelo, Gino, J.; Kilgo, John, C.; Comer, Christopher, E.; Drennan, Cory, D.; Osborn, David, A.; Miller, Karl, V.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

216

LET and gender are critical factors in accelerating development of lymphoma  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and gender are critical factors in accelerating development of lymphoma and gender are critical factors in accelerating development of lymphoma in irradiated Bax transgenic C57Bl/6 mice James A. Jacobus The University of Iowa Abstract Humans are exposed to sparsely ionizing (low LET) radiation from environmental sources and radiotherapy as well as densely ionizing (high LET) radiation during radiotherapy and from cosmic radiations, particularly during space travel. To test the hypothesis that defects in mitochondrial metabolism leading to increased ROS levels could alter responses to radiation, lymphoma-prone C57Bl/6 mice over expressing the mitochondrial-acting Bax protein in thymocytes (which demonstrate increased steady-state levels of superoxide; FRBM 44: 1677-1686, 2008) were irradiated with both low and high LET radiations and the onset of tumor

217

Temporal motifs reveal homophily, gender-specific patterns and group talk in mobile communication networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electronic communication records provide detailed information about temporal aspects of human interaction. Previous studies have shown that individuals' communication patterns have complex temporal structure, and that this structure has system-wide effects. In this paper we use mobile phone records to show that interaction patterns involving multiple individuals have non-trivial temporal structure that cannot be deduced from a network presentation where only interaction frequencies are taken into account. We apply a recently introduced method, temporal motifs, to identify interaction patterns in a temporal network where nodes have additional attributes such as gender and age. We then develop a null model that allows identifying differences between various types of nodes so that these differences are independent of the network based on interaction frequencies. We find gender-related differences in communication patters, and show the existence of temporal homophily, the tendency of similar individuals to partic...

Kovanen, Lauri; Kertész, János; Saramäki, Jari

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

21H.153J / SP.421J / WGS.421J Race and Gender in Asian America, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An interdisciplinary examination of the Asian-American experience with particular emphasis on gender and race from mid-nineteenth century to present. Topics include: Asian American women's history, Asian American feminisms, ...

Anonymous

219

Together We Will: Evidence from a Field Experiment on Female Voter Turnout in Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Together We Will: Evidence from a Field Experiment on Female Voter Turnout in Pakistan Xavier Giné Akbar at the Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Program (PPAF) in Islamabad for their support

220

Male Fertility and Lipid MetabolismChapter 8 Lipid Composition of Chicken Semen and Fertility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Chapter 8 Lipid Composition of Chicken Semen and Fertility Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 8 Lipid

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Marijuana Use Among Clinic-Referred Hispanic American Adolescents with Substance Use Disorders: Gender Differences in Predictors of Growth Trajectory Parameters.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study was undertaken to evaluate gender differences in predictors of substance use in clinic-referred, Hispanic American adolescents with substance use disorders. Individual (disruptive behavior… (more)

Kaczynski, Karen Jill

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Approaches to gender equity in science education : two initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa seen through a lens derived from feminist critique of science.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, I explore whether feminist critique of science can shed new light on how gender equity in science education can be achieved. Drawing… (more)

Sinnes, Astrid T.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Gender differences in mathematics anxiety and the relation to mathematics performance while controlling for test anxiety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-efficacy in the choice of math- related majors of college women and men: a path analysis. J Couns Psychol 1985, 32:47–56. 31. Hackett G, Betz NE: An exploration of the mathematics self-efficacy /mathematics performance correspondence. J Res Math Educ 1989, 20:261–273. 32... -E): psychometric and normative data. Educ Psychol Meas 1988, 48:979–986. 51. Woodart T: The effects of math anxiety on post-secondary developmental students as related to achievement, gender, and age. Virginia Math Teacher 2004, Fall:7–9. 52. Cooper ST, Robinson...

Devine, Amy; Fawcett, Kayleigh; Sz?cs, Dénes; Dowker, Ann

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

224

WIDER Working Paper No. 2013/017 Assessing the effectiveness of World Bank investments The gender dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Today it is widely acknowledged that increasing the gender sensitivity of development aid increases its effectiveness. This report evaluates the extent to which the World Bank integrates gender concerns into its policies and investments, pointing out structural, financial and policy gaps that risk negatively impacting women in countries with Bank investments. The report evaluates Bank investments in ‘agriculture and rural development’; ‘sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS’; and ‘conflict prevention and post-conflict reconstruction’, finding that though the Bank has made important progress in recognizing gender equality as a goal in its own right, many of its investments still superficially include women’s concerns. The report concludes with recommendations for making World Bank investments responsive to women’s needs and rights.

Claire Lauterbach; Elaine Zuckerman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Tenderness of Bos indicus influenced cattle as impacted by anabolic implants and gender  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steers (n = 77) and heifers (n = 68) were assigned randomly to one of three treatment groups. Treatment groups were defined as: no implant, implanted twice with trenbolone acetate (Revalor S or H), or implanted twice with estrodial benzoate (Synovex S or H). Animals were fed to an estimated 10 mm backfat thickness and based on visual appraisal, were assigned a harvest date. Carcass characteristics, color space values, sarcomere length, fat and moisture determination, Warner-Bratzler shear force, and protein degradation were all measured. Implanted animals, as a whole, exhibited heavier hot carcass weights and larger ribeye areas than non-implanted animals. Animals implanted with Revalor displayed significantly lower marbling scores and lower yield grades than those from control or Synovex groups. The distribution of quality grades within treatment groups shifted, with implant groups displaying higher percentages of Select carcasses. Gender impacted percentage of extractable fat and marbling scores, with heifers displaying higher values than steers for both measurements. Both implant groups displayed higher (P gender groups, the non-implanted cattle displayed the greatest amount of degradation (62%), followed by Synovex (48%,) and lastly Revalor (33%), all of which were different (P < .05) from each other. These results indicate that use of anabolic implants positively impacted lean muscle growth, yet was a detriment to quality. Also, tenderness was negatively impacted by the use of these compounds. However, this study found by aging product for at least 21 days, tenderness differences between implanted and non-implanted animals were significantly mitigated.

Hudek, Jarrett F.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

When sex, drugs, and violence enter the classroom: Conversations between adolescents and a female pedagogical agent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, we investigate the discourse between a female conversational pedagogical agent and 59 adolescents in the context of a social studies lesson. We note that previous pedagogical agent research has focused on the positive effects of agents, ... Keywords: Agent abuse, Agent misuse, Computer-mediated discourse analysis, Conversational agents, Pedagogical agents, Social studies

George Veletsianos; Cassandra Scharber; Aaron Doering

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Segmentation of female pelvic organs in axial magnetic resonance images using coupled geometric deformable models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The segmentation of pelvic structures in magnetic resonance (MR) images of the female pelvic cavity is a challenging task. This paper proposes the use of three novel geometric deformable models to segment the bladder, vagina and rectum in axial MR images. ... Keywords: Bladder, Image segmentation, Imaging appearance, Level set, Prior shape knowledge, Rectum, Vagina

Zhen Ma; Renato M. Natal Jorge; Teresa Mascarenhas; JoãO Manuel R. S. Tavares

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Reimagining the nation: gender and nationalism in contemporary U.S. women's literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation discusses contemporary U.S. women’s literature in the context of women’s struggles with nation and nationalism, examining how Leslie Marmon Silko, Gloria Naylor, Maxine Hong Kingston, and Nora Okja Keller contest articulations of gender, ethnicity, and cultural affiliations in terms of the dynamics of national inclusion and exclusion. Silko’s Ceremony (1977), Naylor’s Linden Hills (1985), Kingston’s The Woman Warrior (1976), and Keller’s Comfort Woman (1997) were written at the crossroads between contemporary feminisms and nationalisms and reveal women’s centrality to national projects. Approaching these four literary texts not only as cultural narrations of nation but also as critical engagements between feminism and nationalism, this dissertation argues that postnational and/or transnational politics are manifest in these women writers’ articulation of women’s liminality between their cultural nations and the U.S. The chapters that follow analyze how women writers narrate the nation in various contexts while reinscribing women as subjects of national agency and the U.S. as a transnational and postnational site of contending memories and national narratives. Chapter II examines a possible women’s nationalist attempt to de-essentialize the nation by reading Silko’s Ceremony. Silko provides a hybrid narration of the nation that challenges the full blood subjects’ hegemonic model of Native American cultural nationalism. Silko, however, uses the gendered rhetoric of nation-as-women and denies women as national subject. Chapter III moves to a critical standpoint on cultural nationalism through reading Naylor’s Linden Hills. Tackling the unmarked status of masculinity in Silko’s project, chapter III examines how Naylor problematizes the gendered foundations of the African American cultural nation and deconstruct her contemporary African American cultural nationalism. Chapter IV discusses Kingston’s The Woman Warrior as a literary supplement to hegemonic history of the U.S. and Asian America and as a feminist corrective to masculinist narrations of the nation. The last chapter discusses the possibilities of transnational feminist coalitions through reading Keller’s Comfort Woman. In their feminist, transnational, or postnational critiques of nationalisms, women writers demonstrate that it is not possible to reimagin the nation without feminism and textually embody the significant contributions of feminism to contemporary liberatory movements.

Park, Mi Sun

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Perceived control and gender difference on the relationship between trialability and intent to play new online games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the growing number of online game players and the increasing of new online games development, it is imperative for marketers to develop a better understanding of players' new game adoption decisions. This study examines perceived control as a mediator ... Keywords: Behavioral intention, Gender difference, Massively multiplayer online gaming, Perceived control, Trialability

Edward Shih-Tse Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

The gender gap on concept inventories in physics: what is consistent, what is inconsistent, and what factors influence the gap?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the literature on the gender gap on concept inventories in physics. Across studies, men consistently score higher on pre-tests of the Force Concept Inventory (FCI) and Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation (FMCE) by about 10%, and in most cases score higher on post-tests as well, also by about 10%. The average difference in normalized gain is about 6%. This difference is much smaller than the average difference in normalized gain between traditional lecture and interactive engagement (25%), but is large enough that it could impact the results of studies comparing the effectiveness of different teaching methods. Based on our analysis of 24 published articles comparing the impact of 34 factors that could potentially influence the gender gap, no single factor is sufficient to explain the gap. Several high-profile studies that have claimed to account for or reduce the gender gap have failed to be replicated, suggesting that isolated claims of explanations of the gender gap should be interpreted with ca...

Madsen, Adrian; Sayre, Eleanor C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

The Pipeline Still Leaks and More Than You Think: A Status Report on Gender Diversity in Biomedical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pipeline Still Leaks and More Than You Think: A Status Report on Gender Diversity in Biomedical is evidence of a still leaky pipeline in our discipline. In addition, the percentage of women faculty members in the pipeline--are reviewed. Keywords--Women, Engineering, Barriers, Bias. INTRODUCTION The lack of diversity

Bhatia, Sangeeta

232

Gender differences in psychopathology examined under an expanded transactional theory of stress framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prevalence rates of many types of psychopathology are lower for men than they are for women, but the causes of these discrepancies are not known. This paper focuses on two such psychopathology groups – eating disorders and depressive disorders – and examines gender differences within a transactional theory of stress that takes into account levels of cognitive processing (an expanded transactional theory of stress). Both studies found that men are more physiologically reactive to disorder-relevant, stressful stimuli and stressful events. The study on depression also found that different cognitive processes may be depressogenic for men and women: deployment of attentional resources toward negative stimuli was associated with depression in men, while deployment of attentional resources away from positive stimuli was associated with depression in women. These findings have significant implications for choosing appropriate treatment options for men and women.

Lee, Jillian April

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Gender Based Emotion Recognition System for Telugu Rural Dialects Using Hidden Markov Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automatic emotion recognition in speech is a research area with a wide range of applications in human interactions. The basic mathematical tool used for emotion recognition is Pattern recognition which involves three operations, namely, pre-processing, feature extraction and classification. This paper introduces a procedure for emotion recognition using Hidden Markov Models (HMM), which is used to divide five emotional states: anger, surprise, happiness, sadness and neutral state. The approach is based on standard speech recognition technology using hidden continuous markov model by selection of low level features and the design of the recognition system. Emotional Speech Database from Telugu Rural Dialects of Andhra Pradesh (TRDAP) was designed using several speaker's voices comprising the emotional states. The accuracy of recognizing five different emotions for both genders of classification is 80% for anger-emotion which is achieved by using the best combination of 39-dimensioanl feature vector for every f...

D, Prasad Reddy P V G; Srinivas, Y; Brahmaiah, P

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

32 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER NNSA Production Office (NPO) As of March 23, 2013 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY 1.5% 0.7% 21.9% 21.9% 1.5% 16.8% 32.8% 2.9% Pay Plan Males 65.7% Females 34.3%...

235

TOTAL SES EK EN IV EN III  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

20.5% White Female 15 18.1% White Male 35 42.2% DISABILITY 2 2.4% VETERANS 18 21.7% DIVERSITY 26 48.5 YRS RETIREMENT GENDER AGE SPECIAL 20.8 YRS EDUCATION SUPERVISOR RATIO 10...

236

Evolution of adult male oral tract shapes for close and open vowels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe an experiment to evolve oral tract (mouth) shapes for a set of vowels for two adult males. Target vowels were recorded in an acoustically anechoic room along with the output from an electrolaryngograph, which monitors vocal ... Keywords: bio-inspired, evolution, oral tract shape, vowel synthesis

David M. Howard; Andy M. Tyrrell; Crispin Cooper

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jenkins306Diversity culturalDiversity cultural-maleDiversity genderDiversity gender-maleEnvironmentalPortraitLocationportrait720130215<111804>20130215?111804P Wes...

238

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jenkins306Diversity culturalDiversity cultural-maleDiversity genderDiversity gender-maleEnvironmentalPortraitLocationportrait720130215<113720>20130215?113720P Wes...

239

The neuromolecular mechanisms that coordinate food availability with C. elegans male sexual behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organisms must coordinate behavioral and physiological responses to changingenvironmental conditions. In the nematode C. elegans, the presence or absence of foodin the environment affects many metabolic and behavioral responses, including fathomeostasis, lifespan, and male mating. Specifically, male mating behavior normallyoccurs when a well-nourished male encounters a hermaphrodite, and is repressed if themale is under-nourished. To understand how environmental changes influence the driveto carry out specific behavioral tasks, I used C. elegans male mating as a model.Previously, mutants were isolated that display male mating behavior at inappropriatetimes, i.e. in the absence of mating cues. Loss of function mutations in the ERG K+channel, UNC-103, results in spontaneous seizures of the male sex muscles.Interestingly, I found that food deprivation can suppress unc-103(lf)-induced seizures,suggesting that pathways activated under this environmental condition can suppress theexcitability of the mating circuit.Using molecular, genetic, and behavioral assays, I identified sensory andmolecular mechanisms that reduce sex-muscle excitability under food-deprived conditions. I found that mutations that affect the muscular feeding organ, the pharynx,phenocopy the effects of food deprivation, and reduce sex-muscle excitability. Idemonstrated that mutations in the pharyngeal muscle protein, tropomyosin, cause thepharyngeal neurosecretory motor neurons (NSMs) to increase pharyngeal excitabilityand reduce sex-muscle excitability. Additionally, I found that olfactory neurons (AWCs)with sensory cilia exposed to the environment are up-regulated in the absence of foodstimuli, and also send inhibitory signals to the sex muscles. To determine howchemosensory and pharyngeal neurons in the head can signal to the genitalia, Ihypothesized that one mechanism could be via secretion of metabolic hormones. To testthis, I examined loss-of-function mutations in the insulin-like receptor, DAF-2, which isknown to regulate many behavioral and physiological responses to food. I demonstratedthat DAF-2 activity in the sex muscles is required for food-deprivation suppression ofunc-103(0)-induced seizures. I then identified components of a novel-insulin-like/DAF-2signaling pathway that reduces excitability. Specifically, I propose that ligand binding toDAF-2 activates PLC- and leads to increased cystolic Ca2+. This Ca2+ influx activatesCaMKII, which can phosphorylate/activate EAG-like K+ channels, thereby reducing cellexcitability.

Gruninger, Todd Ryan

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

LET and gender are critical factors in accelerating development of lymphoma in irradiated Bax transgenic C57Bl/6 mice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LET and gender are critical factors in accelerating development of lymphoma in LET and gender are critical factors in accelerating development of lymphoma in irradiated Bax transgenic C57Bl/6 mice James A. Jacobus 1 , Chester Duda 2 , Sean M. Martin 3 , Mitchell C. Coleman 1 , Kranti Mapuskar 2 , Nukhet Aykin-Burns 1 , C. Michael Knudson 3 , Douglas R. Spitz 1 . 1 Free Radical and Radiation Biology Program, 2 Human Toxicology Program, Departments of Radiation Oncology and 3 Pathology, The University of Iowa Humans are exposed to sparsely ionizing (low LET) radiation from environmental sources and radiotherapy as well as densely ionizing (high LET) radiation during radiotherapy and from cosmic radiations, particularly during space travel. To test the hypothesis that defects in mitochondrial metabolism leading to increased ROS levels could alter responses to radiation, lymphoma-prone C57Bl/6 mice over expressing the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Age identity, gender, and perceptions of decline: Does feeling older lead to pessimistic dispositions about cognitive aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Objectives. Drawing on past studies of age identity, this article examined whether feeling older was associated with more pessimistic views about cognitive aging. Methods. Using respondents aged 55 years and older in the Midlife Development in the United States study, we estimated a series of linear regression models to predict people ’ s dispositions toward their cognitive aging. The main comparison is whether the effects of age identity on cognitive aging differ for men and women. Results. Beyond the effects of chronological age, older age identities were associated with more pessimistic dispositions about cognitive aging. This relationship, however, was found only among women. Discussion. Age identity shapes cognitive aging dispositions, though the gendered nature of this relationship remains somewhat unclear. The findings give further evidence about the far-reaching implications of age identity for successful aging and suggest that future work can explicate how subjective aging processes may differ by gender.

Markus H. Schafer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

DIFFERENTIAL SENSITIVITY OF MALE GERM CELLS TO MAINSTREAM AND SIDESTREAM TOBACCO SMOKE IN THE MOUSE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cigarette smoking in men has been associated with increased chromosomal abnormalities in sperm and with increased risks for spontaneous abortions, birth defects and neonatal death. Little is known, however, about the reproductive consequences of paternal exposure to second-hand smoke. We used a mouse model to investigate the effects of paternal exposure to sidestream (SS) smoke, the main constituent of second-hand smoke, on the genetic integrity and function of sperm, and to determine whether male germ cells were equally sensitive to mainstream (MS) and SS smoke. A series of sperm DNA quality and reproductive endpoints were investigated after exposing male mice for two weeks to MS or SS smoke. Our results indicated that: (i) only SS smoke significantly affected sperm motility; (ii) only MS smoke induced DNA strand breaks in sperm; (iii) both MS and SS smoke increased sperm chromatin structure abnormalities; and (iv) MS smoke affected both fertilization and the rate of early embryonic development, while SS smoke affected fertilization only. These results show that MS and SS smoke have differential effects on the genetic integrity and function of sperm and provide further evidence that male exposure to second-hand smoke, as well as direct cigarette smoke, may diminish a couple's chance for a successful pregnancy and the birth of a healthy baby.

Polyzos, Aris; Schmid, Thomas Ernst; Pina-Guzman, Belem; Quintanilla-Vega, Betzabet; Marchetti, Francesco

2009-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

243

Anthropometry for WorldSID, a World-Harmonized Midsize Male Side Impact Crash Dummy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The WorldSID project is a global effort to design a new generation side impact crash test dummy under the direction of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The first WorldSID crash dummy will represent a world-harmonized mid-size adult male. This paper discusses the research and rationale undertaken to define the anthropometry of a world standard midsize male in the typical automotive seated posture. Various anthropometry databases are compared region by region and in terms of the key dimensions needed for crash dummy design. The Anthropometry for Motor Vehicle Occupants (AMVO) dataset, as established by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), is selected as the basis for the WorldSID mid-size male, updated to include revisions to the pelvis bone location. The proposed mass of the dummy is 77.3kg with full arms. The rationale for the selected mass is discussed. The joint location and surface landmark database is appended to this paper.

S. Moss; Z. Wang; M. Salloum; M. Reed; M. Van Ratingen; D. Cesari; R. Scherer; T. Uchimura; M. Beusenberg

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

244

Melatonin secretion and puberty in female lambs exposed to environmental electric and magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect

This study determined whether chronic exposure of female lambs to the electric and magnetic fields (EMF) of a high voltage transmission line can alter pineal secretion of melatonin and the normal occurrence of puberty. Twenty female Suffolk lambs were assigned randomly in equal numbers to a control and a treatment group. Treatment from 2 to 10 mo of age consisted of continuous exposure within the electrical environment of a 500-kV transmission line (mean electric field 6 kV/m, mean magnetic field 40 mG). Treated lambs were penned directly beneath the transmission line; control lambs were maintained in a pen of similar construction 229 m from the line where EMF were at ambient levels (mean electric field < 10 V/m, mean magnetic field < 0.3 mG). Melatonin was analyzed by RIA in serum of blood samples collected at 0.5-3-h intervals over eight 48-h periods. To assess attainment of puberty, serum concentrations of progesterone were determined by RIA from blood samples collected twice weekly beginning at 19 wk of age. Concentrations of circulating melatonin in control and treated lambs were low during daylight hours and increased during nighttime hours. The characteristic pattern of melatonin secretion during nighttime (amplitude, phase, and duration) did not differ between control and treatment groups. Age at puberty and number of subsequent estrous cycles also did not differ between groups. These data suggest that chronic exposure of developing female sheep to 60-Hz environmental EMF does not affect the mechanisms underlying the generation of the circadian pattern of melatonin secretion or the mechanisms involved in the onset of reproductive activity.

Lee, J.M. Jr.; Stormshak, F.; Thompson, J.M.; Thinesen, P.; Painter, L.J.; Olenchek, E.G.; Hess, D.L.; Forbes, R.; Foster, D.L. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (United States))

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Battle of the (Same) Sexes: How We Take Advantage of Presumed Trust from Same-Gender Others and Rationalize to the Contrary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

181-190. Slonim, R. , & Guillen, P. (2010). Gender selectionSutter, 2008; Slonim & Guillen, 2010). However, the latterSutter, 2008; Slonim & Guillen, 2010), it is unlikely that

Van Sant, Alex B.; Kray, Laura J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Fatty Acids in Health Promotion and Disease CausationChapter 9 Gender Differences in Gene Expression Due to Fatty Acids: Role in Atherosclerosis and Cardiovascular Disease  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fatty Acids in Health Promotion and Disease Causation Chapter 9 Gender Differences in Gene Expression Due to Fatty Acids: Role in Atherosclerosis and Cardiovascular Disease Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Bio

247

Moving beyond intentions and toward the theory of trying: effects of work environment and gender on post-adoption information technology use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grounded in the theory of trying, this study examines the influence of the work environment and gender on trying to innovate with information technology. The study extends the innovation diffusion literature by offering a theory-driven explanation for ... Keywords: IT use, adoption, autonomy, gender, information technology innovation, infusion of information technology, intentions, overload, stress, technology acceptance model, theory of trying, trying to innovate with information technology

Manju K. Ahuja; Jason Bennett Thatcher

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Gender and the Legal Profession: An Empirical Study of the University of Michigan Law Alumni Data, 1967-2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data Set The University of Michigan Law School Alumni Datasurvey of the University of Michigan Law School=s class ofto 7.2% of males. 51 The Michigan Alumni Data Set allows us

Dau-Schmidt, Kenneth G.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

“I’m not brilliant, but I’m pretty smart”: Compromises and apologies in female college athletes’ constructions of ‘self’  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a case study from ice hockey. Gender and Society, 16(1), 93-men’s lacrosse and ice hockey because it is more physical.Checking is allowed in hockey and you can’t hit somebody

Pilver, Lindsey

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

40 TRIPLE SEX CHROMATIN, AND OTHER SEX CHROMATIN ANOMALIES, IN TUMOURS OF FEMALES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IN a previous study on sex chromatin in human tumours (Atkin, 1960), one tumour (a carcinoma of the colon in a female patient) was described in which the most frequently-occurring number of sex chromatin bodies per nucleus was three. One of a series of 328 carcinomas of the cervix in a later study (Atkin, 1964) was also characterised by the presence of triple sex chromatin. In the present paper, two further tumours with triple sex chromatin, a carcinoma of the colon and a carcinoma of the cervix, will be described, and sex chromatin data on all malignant tumours, except teratomas, studied in this laboratory will be summarised. The significance of triple sex chromatin and other sex chromatin anomalies (i.e. absence or duplication) in tumours of females will be discussed. MATERIALS AND METHODS For sex chromatin determination squash preparations of pieces of tumour, stained in 2 % aceto-orcein (G. T. Gurr Ltd.) following fixation in acetic alcohol, were used. The preparations were sealed with a mixture of equal parts of Canada balsam and paraffin wax applied with a hot wire (attempts to make the preparations

N. B. Atkin

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Dietary quercetin exacerbates the development of estrogen-induced breast tumors in female ACI rats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phytoestrogens are plant compounds that structurally mimic the endogenous estrogen 17{beta}-estradiol (E{sub 2}). Despite intense investigation, the net effect of phytoestrogen exposure on the breast remains unclear. The objective of the current study was to examine the effects of quercetin on E{sub 2}-induced breast cancer in vivo. Female ACI rats were given quercetin (2.5 g/kg food) for 8 months. Animals were monitored weekly for palpable tumors, and at the end of the experiment, rats were euthanized, breast tumor and different tissues excised so that they could be examined for histopathologic changes, estrogen metabolic activity and oxidant stress. Quercetin alone did not induce mammary tumors in female ACI rats. However, in rats implanted with E{sub 2} pellets, co-exposure to quercetin did not protect rats from E{sub 2}-induced breast tumor development with 100% of the animals developing breast tumors within 8 months of treatment. No changes in serum quercetin levels were observed in quercetin and quercetin + E{sub 2}-treated groups at the end of the experiment. Tumor latency was significantly decreased among rats from the quercetin + E{sub 2} group relative to those in the E{sub 2} group. Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity was significantly downregulated in quercetin-exposed mammary tissue. Analysis of 8-isoprostane F{sub 2{alpha}} (8-iso-PGF{sub 2{alpha}}) levels as a marker of oxidant stress showed that quercetin did not decrease E{sub 2}-induced oxidant stress. These results indicate that quercetin (2.5 g/kg food) does not confer protection against breast cancer, does not inhibit E{sub 2}-induced oxidant stress and may exacerbate breast carcinogenesis in E{sub 2}-treated ACI rats. Inhibition of COMT activity by quercetin may expose breast cells chronically to E{sub 2} and catechol estrogens. This would permit longer exposure times to the carcinogenic metabolites of E{sub 2} and chronic exposure to oxidant stress as a result of metabolic redox cycling to estrogen metabolites, and thus quercetin may exacerbate E{sub 2}-induced breast tumors in female ACI rats.

Singh, Bhupendra [Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64108 (United States); Mense, Sarah M. [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032 (United States); Bhat, Nimee K. [Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64108 (United States); Putty, Sandeep; Guthiel, William A. [Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64108 (United States); Remotti, Fabrizio [Department of Pathology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032 (United States); Bhat, Hari K., E-mail: bhath@umkc.ed [Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64108 (United States)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Male Fertility and Lipid MetabolismChapter 2 Metabolism of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids inTesticular Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Chapter 2 Metabolism of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids inTesticular Cells Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf ...

253

Male Fertility and Lipid MetabolismChapter 3 Fatty Acid Remodeling During Sperm Maturation: Variation of Docosahexaenoic Acid Content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Chapter 3 Fatty Acid Remodeling During Sperm Maturation: Variation of Docosahexaenoic Acid Content Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downl

254

Male Fertility and Lipid MetabolismChapter 9 Regulation of Avian and Mammalian Sperm Production by Dietary Fatty Acids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Chapter 9 Regulation of Avian and Mammalian Sperm Production by Dietary Fatty Acids Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf ...

255

Male Fertility and Lipid MetabolismChapter 12 Regulation of Oxytocinase Activity in the Testis by Dietary Lipids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Chapter 12 Regulation of Oxytocinase Activity in the Testis by Dietary Lipids Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf

256

Male Fertility and Lipid MetabolismChapter 6 Docosahexaenoic Acid-Rich Marine Oils and Improved Reproductive Efficiency in Pigs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Chapter 6 Docosahexaenoic Acid-Rich Marine Oils and Improved Reproductive Efficiency in Pigs Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadabl

257

Male Fertility and Lipid MetabolismChapter 5 Phospholipid Composition of Human Sperm and Seminal Plasmain Relation to Sperm Fertility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Chapter 5 Phospholipid Composition of Human Sperm and Seminal Plasmain Relation to Sperm Fertility Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downl

258

Arecoline augments cellular proliferation in the prostate gland of male Wistar rats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Areca nut chewing is the fourth most popular habit in the world due to its effects as a mild stimulant, causing a feeling of euphoria and slightly heightened alertness. Areca nuts contain several alkaloids and tannins, of which arecoline is the most abundant and known to have several adverse effects in humans, specially an increased risk of oral cancer. On evaluating the effects of arecoline on the male endocrine physiology in Wistar rats, it was found that arecoline treatment led to an overall enlargement and increase in the wet weight of the prostate gland, and a two-fold increase in serum gonadotropin and testosterone levels. Since the prostate is a major target for testosterone, the consequences of arecoline consumption were studied specifically in the prostate gland. Arecoline treatment led to an increase in the number of rough endoplasmic reticulum and reduction of secretory vesicles, signifying a hyperactive state of the prostate. Increased expression of androgen receptors in response to arecoline allowed for enhanced effect of testosterone in the prostate of treated animals, which augmented cell proliferation, subsequently confirmed by an increase in the expression of Ki-67 protein. Cellular proliferation was also the outcome of concomitant over expression of the G{sub 1}-to-S cell cycle regulatory proteins, cyclin D1 and CDK4, both at the transcriptional and translational levels. Taken together, the findings provide the first evidence that regular use of arecoline may lead to prostatic hyperplasia and hypertrophy, and eventually to disorders associated with prostate enlargement. - Highlights: > Effect of arecoline was investigated on the endocrine physiology of male Wistar rats. > Increase observed in prostate size, wet weight, serum testosterone and gonadotropins. > Arecoline increased RER, expression of androgen receptor and cellular proliferation. > Upregulation of cyclin D1 and CDK4 seen at transcriptional and translational levels. > It may cause disorders associated with prostatic hyperplasia and hyperactivity.

Saha, Indraneel; Chatterjee, Aniruddha; Mondal, Anushree; Maiti, Bishwa Ranjan; Chatterji, Urmi, E-mail: urmichatterji@gmail.com

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Comparative pharmacokinetic study of the role of gender and developmental differences in occupational and environmental exposure to benzene. Master's thesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is two-fold. First, it shows that physiological differences between men and women result in gender-specific exposures with respect to benzene. Second, it assesses the potential for a lactating woman's occupational and personal benzene exposure to impact a nursing infant's exposure, highlighting the possibility of subjecting an infant to the effects of industrial chemicals via breast feeding. This study employs physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling to investigate the influence of physiological parameters and to evaluate the ability of inhaled benzene to transfer from mother to infant through breastmilk. The models are run through scenarios that simulate occupational, smoking, and background exposures. The gender comparison is facilitated by a sensitivity analysis. The blood/air partition coefficient and maximum velocity of metabolism were found to substantially impact model output. These values were both higher in women and caused an increase in the percentage of benzene metabolized in all of the exposure scenarios. The study of lactating women and infants is essentially theoretical. There is evidence that over 65% of an infant's benzene exposure can be attributed to contaminated breastmilk. A large portion of the ingested exposure can be eliminated by adjusting the mother's working or nursing schedule. Benzene, Physiologically based pharmacokinetics, PBPK.

Brown, E.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Estrogen effects on angiotensin receptors are modulated by pituitary in female rats  

SciTech Connect

The present studies were designed to test the hypothesis that changes in angiotensin II (ANG II) receptors might modulate the layered target tissue responsiveness accompanying estradiol administration. Estradiol was infused continuously in oophorectomized female rats. Aldosterone was also infused in control and experimental animals to avoid estrogen-induced changes in renin and ANG II. ANG II binding constants were determined in radioreceptor assays. Estradiol increased binding site concentration in adrenal glomerulosa by 76% and decreased binding sites of uterine myometrium and glomeruli by 45 and 24%, respectively. There was an accompanying increase in the affinity of ANG II binding to adrenal glomerulosa and uterine myometrium. Because estrogen is a potent stimulus of prolactin release from the pituitary of rodents, studies were also designed to test the hypothesis that prolactin may mediate some or all of the estrogen-induced effects observed. Hypophysectomy abolished estradiol stimulation of prolactin release and most ANG II receptor changes. Prolactin administration to pituitary intact rats was associated with a 50% increase in receptor density of adrenal glomerulosa simulating estradiol administration. However, the changes in glomeruli and uterine myometrium were opposite in that both tissues also increased receptor density, suggesting that prolactin was not the sole mediator of the estrogen-induced receptor changes. In conclusion, regulation of ANG II receptors in a number of diverse target tissues by estradiol is complex with contributions from estrogens and pituitary factors, which include but do not exclusively involve prolactin.

Douglas, J.G.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

3 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 23 Hispanic Female 24 White Male 36 White Female 35 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Acquistion & Project Management...

262

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 7 Hispanic Female 18 White Male 40 White Female 28 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Defense Nuclear Security, NA-70 As...

263

Home is where the heart is? Home-making by female Guatemalan migrants in the United States and across its borders.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis explores home-making in a context of movement and exclusion. I examine how Guatemalan female migrants make their home after migration to the United… (more)

Hattem, A. van

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Effect of cottonseed meal consumption on performance of female fallow deer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of gossypol ingestion on reproductive function and productivity of female fallow deer (Dama dama) by measuring endocrine function, pregnancy rates, and body weights of does and fawns. Sixty multiparous fallow does were randomly allotted into three groups corresponding to treatment diet that varied in respect to gossypol content. The does were then separated by treatment into pastures containing two fallow buck sires per pasture. The control group (SBMG), (containing no gossypol in diet) received 362 g soybean meal (SBM) ?animal-1?day-1. The low gossypol group (CSML) was fed 227 g cottonseed meal (CSM; 0.09% free gossypol; determined by HPLC) and 181 g SBM?animal-1?day-1. The high gossypol group (CSMH) received 454 g CSM?animal-1?day-1. Diets were fed daily from 6/16/2003 to 11/20/2003. Blood samples were collected weekly from 8/14/2003 to 11/20/2003 for progesterone and gossypol analysis. Fawns born in June and July of 2003 were weaned 9/18/2003. Bucks were fitted with marking harnesses for the duration of the breeding season and heat marks were recorded daily for estrus detection. Ultrasonography, for pregnancy detection, was performed on 11/20/2003 and 12/15/2003. All groups lost weight from 8/14/03 to 11/20/03. SBMG lost less (P.1) between treatments. The pregnancy rate for all groups was 100%. There was no difference (P>.01) in time from weaning to conception (23 d) between treatments. Does in CSMH exhibited decreased (P<.02) progesterone concentrations. Consumption of CSM (free gossypol in amounts up to 0.81 mg?kg-1BW; 0.41 g?animal-1?day-1).did not appear to affect reproductive performance of fallow deer.

Mapel, Steven Lee

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Feminization of male common tern embryos is not correlated with exposure to specific PCB congeners  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent proposals that reproductive impairment in piscivorous wildlife may be caused by exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals present in the environment require further investigation to elucidate critical exposures and cause-effect linkages. Effects reported in some wildlife species include feminization of male embryos and other gonadal pathologies arising during embryonic development. The environmental contaminants cited as possible causative agents include polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and their phenolic metabolites (OH-PCBs). Among the more potent estrogenic agents are 4{prime}-hydroxy-2,4,6-trichlorobiphenyl (4{prime}-OH-PCB30) and 4{prime}-hydroxy-2,3,4,5-tetrachlorobiphenyl (r{prime}-Oh-PCB61). However, the parent compounds of these metabolites (PCB30 and PCB61) were not present in Aroclor mixtures, are rare in environmental samples, and have not been reported in wildlife tissues. This paper reports an exploratory study of wild common terns in Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts. the authors sought to correlate gonadal pathology in embryos with tissue residues of selected chlorobiphenyls. 12 refs., 1 tab.

Nisbet, I.C.T. [I.C.T. Nisbet & Company, Inc., North Falmouth, MA (United States); Fry, D.M. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States); Hatch, J.J. [Univ. of Massachusetts, Boston, MA (United States); Lynn, B. [Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Phytoestrogens are partial estrogen agonists in the adult male mouse, Environ. Health Perspect. 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The intake, as well as serum and urinary concentrations, of phytoestrogens is high in countries where incidence of prostate cancer is low, suggesting a chemopreventive role for phytoestrogens. Their significance could be explained by the ability to antagonize the action of more potent endogenous estrogens in initiation or promotion of tumor formation. We have studied estrogenicity and antiestrogenicity of dietary soy and two phytoestrogens, coumestrol and daidzein, in our neoDES mouse model for the study of prostatic neoplasia. Soy was chosen because it is rich in phytoestrogens, is widely used in Oriental diets, and has antiestrogenic and anticarcinogenic properties in the neoDES mouse when given from fertilization onward. In short-term tests with adult animals, no evidence for estrogenicity or antiestrogenicity (capability to antagonize the action of 1 7,B-estradiol) of soy was found when development of epithelial metaplasia and expression of c-fos protooncogene in prostate were used as end points of estrogen action. Estrogenic activity of coumestrol and daidzein on c-fos expression was subtle. Coumestrol, either given alone or in combination with 17,B-estradiol, had no effect on development of epithelial metaplasia. These marginal or missing effects in adult males could be interpreted by assuming that the neonatal period is more critical for estrogenic or antiestrogenic action of soy and phytoestrogens. Once initiated, estrogen-related lesions would develop spontaneously. Alternatively, the chemopreventive action of soy is not due to antiestrogenicity of soyderived

Sari Makela; Risto Santti; Leena Salo; John A. Mclachlan

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Early social skills as a function of gender: an observational study of children between 3--8 years in Andhra Pradesh, India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Children's Social skills were observed through video filming of their interactions in school and apartment play grounds and summer camps. In all 72 video clippings of 10 minutes duration each were analyzed using Observer Behaviour Software XT 7.0., by ... Keywords: acceptance-rejection strategies, body language, conversation, early social skills, gender differences, pro social behaviours, resistance strategies, unsocial behaviours

Mayuri Kandalla; Pavitra Bhat

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Chaddars and Pink Collars in Pakistan: Gender, Work and the Global Economy A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Department of Sociology and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chaddars and Pink Collars in Pakistan: Gender, Work and the Global Economy A Dissertation Presented in Pakistan, employed in a global workplace i.e. international call centers, manage the dialectical with their local cultural imperatives. This question is of special significance in deeply patriarchal Pakistan

Fraden, Seth

269

Recruiting African American Male Teachers in K-12 Schools: A Case Study in One Urban School District  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A case study of the experiences of six African American male teachers in a southern K-12 school district is presented in this study. The purpose of this study was: 1) to hear the voices of African American male teachers in a selected urban school district; 2) to identify the factors that contribute to their job acceptance decisions; 3) to gain an in-depth understanding of why teachers chose teaching as a profession; 4) to determine and understand the nature of the professional lives of these teachers; and finally, 5) to advance our existing knowledge base in attracting African American males to our nation's classrooms. The data collection process consisted of one-on-one, open-ended interview questions with six highly qualified African American male public school teachers in a K-12 school district in the Southern region of the United States. The key themes which emerged through data analysis include: (1) nobility associated with the teaching profession; (2) compassion associated with the teaching profession; (3) stability associated with the teaching profession; (4) family and community influences; (5) life experiences and (6) I was not recruited: I chose this district. Ethic of Care and Critical Race theoretical frameworks were the foundation for the study.

Watson, Jesse

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Retrospective on the Experience of Parental Pressure and Support by Male Participants that Withdrew from Competitive Youth Hockey: A Phenomenological Investigation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding of the lived experiences of parental pressure and support for males who withdrew from… (more)

Schonewille, Daniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

The effects of concurrent training on performance variables in previously untrained males  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research has shown conflicting results involving interference of strength development with combined resistance and endurance training. Purpose: To examine if endurance training and resistance training performed concurrently would produce different performance and physiological results when compared to each type of training alone. Methods: Forty-five untrained males were recruited and randomly assigned to one of three 12 wk training groups. An endurance training (ET, N=12) group trained by running (2-3 days/week, 20-40 min, 65- 80% HRR), a resistance training (RT, N=13) group performed a resistance training program (2-3 days/week, 3 sets/8 exercises, 6-10 reps, 75-85% 1RM), and a concurrent training (CT, N=16) group performed both the endurance and resistance training programs (5 days/week, even # week 3 endurance/2 resistance workouts, odd # week 3 resistance/2 endurance workouts). All groups were tested for all the following variables prior to and following training: percent body fat, VO2max, isokinetic-maximal torque and avg. power at two speeds, 1RM leg press, 1 RM bench press, vertical jump, lower body power (as calculated by the Lewis formula) and 40-yard dash time. Results: Percent body fat was significantly (p?.05) decreased in both the ET and CT groups. Only the ET group significantly improved VO2max (+8.24%). Minimal changes were found for any of the isokinetic measurements. The ET, RT, and CT groups demonstrated significant improvements in leg press (20.4, 40.8, and 39.4%) and bench press (7.5, 30.5 and 21.2%) 1 RM. RT and CT 1 RM improvements were similar and significantly greater than the ET group. Only the RT group significantly increased power. No group showed a significant change in vertical jump or 40-yard dash time. Conclusions: Findings indicate that endurance training does not interfere with strength development, but resistance training appears to hinder development of maximal aerobic capacity.

Glowacki, Shawn Philip

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Understanding Food Stamp Program Participation Among Female-Headed Households: Has It Been Affected By Participation In The AFDC/TANF Program?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The caseloads of food stamp program and welfare program experienced sharp drops among non-metropolitan single female-headed families with children (SFHFwC) after welfare reform in 1996.… (more)

Shangguan, Zhaoyun

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Female Breast Cancer Feasibility Study: A Comparision of Magnetic Field Exposures in a Garment Manufacturing Facility and Electric U tility Work Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes research activities from the first phase of a proposed study of occupational magnetic field exposures and female breast cancer. Due to the small number of female employees in the utility industry with high magnetic field exposures, this project focused on the garment industry. Key activities included magnetic field measurement surveys at an electric utility and garment manufacturing facility, and a comparison of the exposures in these two industries. Additional activities evaluated...

2000-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

274

Male Fertility and Lipid MetabolismChapter 14 Scavenger Systems and Related Therapies AgainstLipoperoxidation Damage of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Spermatozoa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Chapter 14 Scavenger Systems and Related Therapies AgainstLipoperoxidation Damage of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Spermatozoa Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry

275

Male Fertility and Lipid MetabolismChapter 16 The Effect of Antioxidants on Nicotine and Caffeine InducedChanges in Human Sperm? An in Vitro Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Male Fertility and Lipid Metabolism Chapter 16 The Effect of Antioxidants on Nicotine and Caffeine InducedChanges in Human Sperm? An in Vitro Study Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press

276

The Effects of Relative Power on Role-Taking Accuracy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I conduct an experiment to test the impact of relative power differential on the relationship between gender and role-taking accuracy. First in an 80 subject study, and then in the current study, role-taking accuracy is conceptualized as the accuracy with which one can predict the behavior of another or others. In Study 1, I examined self-evaluative measures of role-taking ability and found that self-evaluative measures of role-taking do not correlate with actual role-taking accuracy. In addition, women were more accurate role-takers than were men in same-gender dyads regardless of the existence of a prior relationship between the two individuals. This prior experimental research showed that female friends were much more accurate role-takers than were male friends. In fact, female strangers were more accurate role-takers than were male friends. It is my conjecture however, that role taking ability is not directly connected to gender; rather I propose that it is a situationally prompted ability based on the need for individuals of relatively less power to predict the behavior of individuals with relatively more power. In other words, while women are, indeed, better role takers, this is not a general ability; rather it is prompted by their relatively low positions of power. In Study 2, I examine role-taking accuracy under conditions in which differential power is assigned to one member of a dyad and established through interaction. I predict that power position will account for variability in role-taking accuracy, but gender will not. I tested this hypothesis using power balanced and power-imbalanced, task-oriented, same and cross gender dyads. I found that power position does account for variation in role-taking accuracy while gender and gender composition of the dyad do not account for variation in role-taking accuracy.

Love, Tony

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 8 White Female 3 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE 9 64.3% 5 35.7%...

278

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Male 2 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 5 Hispanic Female 3 White Male 29 White Female 5 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Safety & Health, NA-SH As of Sep 24,...

279

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Male 3 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 76 White Female 22 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Deputy Administrator for Naval Reactors (NA-30) As of March 24,...

280

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Male 2 Asian Female 4 Hispanic Male 7 Hispanic Female 5 White Male 53 White Female 19 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Nevada Site Office As of September 25, 2010 PAY PLAN TOTAL...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Meta-analysis for deriving age- and gender-specific dose-response relationships between urinary cadmium concentration and {beta} {sub 2}-microglobulinuria under environmental exposure  

SciTech Connect

A meta-analysis was conducted to derive age- and gender-specific dose-response relationships between urinary cadmium (Cd) concentration and {beta} {sub 2}-microglobulinuria ({beta}2MG-uria) under environmental exposure. {beta}2MG-uria was defined by a cutoff point of 1000 {mu}g {beta} {sub 2}-microglobulin/g creatinine. We proposed a model for describing the relationships among the interindividual variabilities in urinary Cd concentration, the ratio of Cd concentrations in the target organ and in urine, and the threshold Cd concentration in the target organ. The parameters in the model were determined so that good agreement might be achieved between the prevalence rates of {beta}2MG-uria reported in the literature and those estimated by the model. In this analysis, only the data from the literature on populations environmentally exposed to Cd were used. Using the model and estimated parameters, the prevalence rate of {beta}2MG-uria can be estimated for an age- and gender-specific subpopulation for which the distribution of urinary Cd concentrations is known. The maximum permissible level of urinary Cd concentration was defined as the maximum geometric mean of the urinary Cd concentration in an age- and gender-specific subpopulation that would not result in a statistically significant increase in the prevalence rate of {beta}2MG-uria. This was estimated to be approximately 3 {mu}g/g creatinine for a population in a small geographical area and approximately 2 {mu}g/g creatinine for a nationwide population.

Gamo, Masashi [Research Center for Chemical Risk Management, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8569 (Japan)]. E-mail: masashi-gamo@aist.go.jp; Ono, Kyoko [Research Center for Chemical Risk Management, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8569 (Japan); Nakanishi, Junko [Research Center for Chemical Risk Management, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8569 (Japan)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

Gender, IFIs and Food  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Haiti, the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere, suffers from chronic food insecurity (World Food Program, 2010). One third of the population is food insecure, the most vulnerable of whom are women and children. International Financial

Elizabeth Arend; Lisa Vitale

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Gender, Truth & Transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

raids, theft, security forces occupying homes, people beingver, shattering the security of the home space is not anThe loss of security in the family and home is a meta- phor

Ní Aoláin, Pionnuala; Turner, Catherine

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Changing gender role attitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the Kitchen’ (Powell 2000). Using analysis based on data from the British Household Panel Study, a longitudinal study that follows over 5000 households across time, the report stated that, within just two years, one-third of women who had gone back to work...

Scott, Jacqueline

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Long-term mequindox treatment induced endocrine and reproductive toxicity via oxidative stress in male Wistar rats  

SciTech Connect

Mequindox (MEQ) is a synthetic antimicrobial chemical of quinoxaline 1, 4-dioxide group. This study was designed to investigate the hypothesis that MEQ exerts testicular toxicity by causing oxidative stress and steroidal gene expression profiles and determine mechanism of MEQ testicular toxicity. In this study, adult male Wistar rats were fed with MEQ for 180 days at five different doses as 0, 25, 55, 110 and 275 mg/kg, respectively. In comparison to control, superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced glutathione (GSH) and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels were elevated at 110 and 275 mg/kg MEQ, whereas the malondialdehyde (MDA) level was slightly increase at only 275 mg/kg. Furthermore, in LC/MS-IT-TOF analysis, one metabolite 2-isoethanol 4-desoxymequindox (M11) was found in the testis. There was significant decrease in body weight, testicular weight and testosterone at 275 mg/kg, serum follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) at 110 and 275 mg/kg, while lutinizing hormone (LH) levels were elevated at 110 mg/kg. Moreover, histopathology of testis exhibited germ cell depletion, contraction of seminiferous tubules and disorganization of the tubular contents of testis. Compared with control, mRNA expression of StAR, P450scc and 17{beta}-HSD in testis was significantly decreased after exposure of 275 mg/kg MEQ while AR and 3{beta}-HSD mRNA expression were significantly elevated at the 110 mg/kg MEQ group. Taken together, our findings provide the first and direct evidence in vivo for the formation of free radicals during the MEQ metabolism through N {yields} O group reduction, which may have implications to understand the possible mechanism of male infertility related to quinoxaline derivatives.

Ihsan, Awais, E-mail: awais.dr@gmail.com [National Reference Laboratory of Veterinary Drug Residues and MOA Key Laboratory of Food Safety Evaluation, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070 (China); Wang Xu [National Reference Laboratory of Veterinary Drug Residues and MOA Key Laboratory of Food Safety Evaluation, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070 (China); Liu Zhaoying [National Reference Laboratory of Veterinary Drug Residues and MOA Key Laboratory of Food Safety Evaluation, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070 (China); College of Veterinary Medicine, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, Hunan 410128 (China); Wang Yulian [National Reference Laboratory of Veterinary Drug Residues and MOA Key Laboratory of Food Safety Evaluation, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070 (China); Huang Xianju [National Reference Laboratory of Veterinary Drug Residues and MOA Key Laboratory of Food Safety Evaluation, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070 (China); College of Pharmacy, South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan 430074 (China); Liu Yu; Yu Huan; Zhang Hongfei; Li Tingting; Yang Chunhui [National Reference Laboratory of Veterinary Drug Residues and MOA Key Laboratory of Food Safety Evaluation, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070 (China); Yuan Zonghui, E-mail: yuan5802@mail.hzau.edu.cn [National Reference Laboratory of Veterinary Drug Residues and MOA Key Laboratory of Food Safety Evaluation, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070 (China)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

29 Hispanic Male 220 Hispanic Female 202 White Male 1340 White Female 519 Workforce Diversity National Nuclear Security Administration As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN TOTAL...

287

Seasonal Patterns of Melatonin, Cortisol, and Progesterone Secretion in Female Lambs Raised Beneath a 500-kV Transmission Line.  

SciTech Connect

Although several kinds of biological effects of electric and magnetic fields have been reported from laboratory studies, few have been independently replicated. When this study was being planned, the suppression of nighttime melatonin in rodents was thought to represent one of the strongest known effects of these fields. The effect had been replicated by a single laboratory for 60-Hz electric fields, and by multiple laboratories for d-c magnetic fields. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the effect of electric and magnetic fields on melatonin would also occur in sheep exposed to a high voltage transmission line. The specific hypothesis tested by this experiment was as follows: The electrical environment produced by a 60-Hz, 500-kV transmission line causes a depression in nocturnal melatonin in chronically exposed female lambs. This may mimic effects of pinealectomy or constant long-day photoperiods, thus delaying the onset of reproductive cycles. Results of the study do not provide evidence to support the hypothesis. Melatonin concentrations in the sheep exposed to the transmission line showed the normal pattern of low daytime and high nighttime serum levels. As compared to the control group, there were no statistically significant group differences in the mean amplitude, phase, or duration of the nighttime melatonin elevation.

Lee, Jack M.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Enhanced solid waste management by understanding the effects of gender, income, marital status, and religious convictions on attitudes and practices related to street littering in Nablus - Palestinian territory  

SciTech Connect

Litter is recognized as a form of street pollution and a key issue for solid waste managers. Nablus district (West Bank, Palestinian Territory), which has an established network of urban and rural roads, suffers from a wide-spread litter problem that is associated with these roads and is growing steadily with a well-felt negative impact on public health and the environment. The purpose of this research was to study the effects of four socio-economic characteristics (gender, income, marital status, and religious convictions) of district residents on their attitudes, practices, and behavior regarding street litter generation and to suggest possible remedial actions. All four characteristics were found to have strong correlations, not only with littering behavior and practices, but also with potential litter prevention strategies. In particular, the impact of religious convictions of the respondents on their littering habits and attitudes was very clear and interesting to observe.

Al-Khatib, Issam A. [Institute of Environmental and Water Studies (IEWS), Birzeit University, Ramallah (Palestinian Territory, Occupied); Arafat, Hassan A. [Chemical Engineering Department, An-Najah National University, Nablus (Palestinian Territory, Occupied)], E-mail: harafat@najah.edu; Daoud, Raeda; Shwahneh, Hadeel [College of Graduate Studies, An-Najah National University, Nablus (Palestinian Territory, Occupied)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

289

The relationship between the bone mineral density and urinary cadmium concentration of residents in an industrial complex  

SciTech Connect

Background: An association between cadmium exposure and bone mineral density (BMD) has been demonstrated in elderly women, but has not been well studied in youths and men. Some studies report either no or a weak association between cadmium exposure and bone damage. Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the relationship between the urinary cadmium (U-Cd) levels and BMD of females and males of all ages. Methods: A total of 804 residents near an industrial complex were surveyed in 2007. U-Cd and BMD on the heel (non-dominant calcaneus) were analyzed with AAS-GTA and Dual-Energy X-ray absorptiometry, respectively. Demographic characteristics were collected by structured questionnaires. Osteoporosis and osteopenia were defined by BMD cut-off values and T-scores set by the WHO; T score>-1, normal; -2.5females (0.64 {mu}g/g creatinine) were higher than those in males (0.48 {mu}g/g creatinine) (p<0.001). With the logistic regression model, osteopenia was associated with high U-Cd levels ({>=}1.0 {mu}g/g creatinine) in females (OR=2.92; 95% CI, 1.51-5.64) and in males (OR=3.37; 95% CI, 1.09-10.38). With the multiple linear regression model, the BMD of the adult group was negatively associated with U-Cd (<0.05), gender (female, p<0.001) and age (p<0.001). The BMD of participants who were {<=}19 years of age was negatively associated with gender (female, p<0.01), whereas it was positively associated with age and BMI (p<0.001). BMD was not associated with exercise, smoking habits, alcohol consumption, job or parental education. Conclusion: Results suggested that U-Cd might be associated with osteopenia as well as osteoporosis in both male and female adults. Age and female gender were negatively associated with BMD in the adult group, whereas age was positively associated with BMD in the youth group. Cadmium exposure may be a potential risk factor for lower-BMD and osteopenia symptoms as well as for osteoporosis symptoms. - Research Highlights: {yields} The relationship between the urinary cadmium levels and BMD was investigated. {yields} U-Cd was associated with osteopenia and osteoporosis in adults. {yields} Cadmium exposure may be a potential risk factor for lower-BMD and osteopenia.

Shin, Minah; Paek, Domyung [Institute of Health and Environment, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Gwanak-599, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)] [Institute of Health and Environment, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Gwanak-599, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Chungsik, E-mail: csyoon@snu.ac.kr [Institute of Health and Environment, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Gwanak-599, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)] [Institute of Health and Environment, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Gwanak-599, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Characterization of the Bone Loss and Recovery Response at the Distal Femur Metaphysis of the Adult Male Hindlimb Unloaded Rat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extended periods of mechanical unloading are known to be detrimental to bone health. Astronauts who spend months in microgravity aboard the International Space Station (ISS) are at particular risk. It is anticipated that NASA will not drastically increase the size of the astronaut corps, and this will mean increased likelihood of repeat missions for more astronauts. Thus, it is important to better understand the effects that prolonged, multiple bouts of unloading have on bone. This study utilized the hindlimb unloaded (HU) rat model to examine bone loss and recovery for single and double unloading bouts. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (6 months old) were randomized into the following groups: baseline (sacrificed at 6 months), 1HU7 (unloaded for 1 month, weight-bearing recovery for 3 months), 2HU10 (unloaded for 1 month, recovered for 2 months, unloaded for another month, and then recovered 2 months), 1HU10 (normal cage activity until 1 month HU ending at month 10, 2 month recovery followed), and aging controls (remained ambulatory throughout experiment). Every month (28 days), animals were terminated and the left femurs were excised, resulting in n=15 per group for each time point. Mineral and geometric properties were measured using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) at the distal femur metaphysis, and quasi-static reduced platen compression (RPC) was used to estimate the mechanical properties of cancellous bone. Strength indices based on pQCT parameters were calculated as predictors of mechanical properties. Bone mass properties decreased due to HU and recovered within 2-3 months post-HU. A combination of increased periosteal apposition and endocortical resorption also occurred during HU. The initial HU bout suppressed normal age-related increases in mechanical properties and recovered within 1-2 months. Cancellous compressive strength index (CSI) most closely matched changes in mechanical properties. A second HU bout after two months recovery had a less detrimental effect on pQCT parameters but a greater negative impact on mechanical properties, when compared to pre-HU values. The opposite is true for mechanical properties if loss is characterized relative to aging controls. Recovery after the second HU period did not appear to be significantly affected by a previous bout of HU.

Davis, Joshua Morgan

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Differential Molecular Changes in the Lung after Low and High Carcinogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Differential Molecular Changes in the Lung after Low and High Carcinogen Differential Molecular Changes in the Lung after Low and High Carcinogen Doses and Implications for Designing Molecular Epidemiology and other Studies of Radiation-Induced Lung Cancer Bobby R. Scott Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute Abstract Lung Cancer Mortality Worldwide by Gender: Lung cancer was the most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide as well as the leading cause of cancer death in males in 2008 (Jemal et al. 2011). For females, it was the fourth most commonly diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death. Lung cancer accounted for 13% of the total cases and 18% of the cancer deaths. For males, the highest lung cancer incidence rates are in Central and Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, and Northern America. For females, the highest lung cancer incidence rates are in Northern America,

292

The role of research evidence in school improvement : a case study of corrective action schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing. Yin, R. K. (Male Years of Experience School/Total ILT female AcademicLeadership Team None None School Leader Female Male Female

Salas, Minerva

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

7 Asian Female 6 Hispanic Male 8 Hispanic Female 7 White Male 128 White Female 83 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Immedidate Office of the Deputy Administrator (NA-20) As of...

294

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

3 Asian Female 4 Hispanic Male 21 Hispanic Female 47 White Male 61 White Female 92 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Management & Budget, NA-MB As of Sep...

295

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Female 0 Hispanic Male 0 Hispanic Female 3 White Male 9 White Female 1 Workforce Diversity Office of the Administrator (NA-1) As of March 24, 2012 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE...

296

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

9 Asian Female 5 Hispanic Male 18 Hispanic Female 12 White Male 101 White Female 49 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Immediate Office of the Deputy Administrator (DP) (NA-10) As of...

297

The "Life Potential": a new complex algorithm to assess "Heart Rate Variability" from Holter records for cognitive and diagnostic aims. Preliminary experimental results showing its dependence on age, gender and health conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although HRV (Heart Rate Variability) analyses have been carried out for several decades, several limiting factors still make these analyses useless from a clinical point of view. The present paper aims at overcoming some of these limits by introducing the "Life Potential" (BMP), a new mathematical algorithm which seems to exhibit surprising cognitive and predictive capabilities. BMP is defined as a linear combination of five HRV Non-Linear Variables, in turn derived from the thermodynamic formalism of chaotic dynamic systems. The paper presents experimental measurements of BMP (Average Values and Standard Deviations) derived from 1048 Holter tests, matched in age and gender, including a control group of 356 healthy subjects. The main results are: (a) BMP always decreases when the age increases, and its dependence on age and gender is well established; (b) the shape of the age dependence within "healthy people" is different from that found in the general group: this behavior provides evidence of possible illn...

Barra, Orazio A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Sexual selection of co-operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advocates of sexual selection theory have argued that various male traits, such as male co-operative behavior towards females, can evolve through female preference for mating with those males who possess that trait. This paper reports on the results ...

M. Afzal Upal

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Radiation for Hodgkin's Lymphoma in Young Female Patients: A New Technique to Avoid the Breasts and Decrease the Dose to the Heart  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To demonstrate how, in young female patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma, using an inclined board technique can further decrease the volume of breasts and heart in the treatment field. Methods and Materials: An inclined board was constructed with the ability to mount an Aquaplast face mask, a Vacu-Lock, and a hip stopper. Eight female patients with early-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma were planned and compared using the conventional flat position and the inclined board position. All patients on the inclined board were planned with 90{sup o} degree table position and 15{sup o} gantry angle rotation to compensate for the beam divergence resulting from the patient's position on the inclined board. Dose-volume histograms were generated, as well as the mean V30 and V5 of both breasts and heart using both treatment positions. Results: The mean value of V30 of the right breast, left breast, and heart decreased from 3%, 3%, and 13%, respectively, using the flat position to 0, 0.4%, and 5%, respectively, using the inclined board. The mean value of V5 of the right breast, left breast, and heart decreased from 6%, 13%, and 36%, respectively, using the flat position to 2%, 8%, and 29%, respectively, using the inclined board. Conclusions: Compared with conventional flat positioning, this simple device and technique allows better sparing of the breasts and the heart while maintaining comparable target coverage and total lung dose.

Dabaja, Bouthaina S., E-mail: bdabaja@mdanderson.or [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Rebueno, Neal C.S.; Mazloom, Ali; Thorne, Scott; Perrin, Kelly J.; Tolani, Naresh; Das, Pragnan; Delclos, Marc E.; Iyengar, Puneeth; Reed, Valerie K.; Horace, Patrecia; Salehpour, Mohammad R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Architectural Design Factors Of Domestic Violence Shelters That Affect Outcomes For Female Domestic Violence Victims: A Naturalistic Inquiry To Establish Grounded Theory For Future Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing domestic violence shelters for women must be considered from a feminist perspective, inclusive of theories of embodiment, as the female victim's emotional state (mind) is a critical component in determining her overall state (i.e., level of distress). The primary objective of this study (Specific Aim 1) was to identify the mental and emotional state of female domestic violence victims upon entry into a shelter as a means of establishing specific user needs which should directly impact the design of the shelter. The primary hypothesis (Hypothesis 1) was that upon entry into a shelter environment, victims are experiencing high levels of distress compared to normative controls. The secondary objective of this study (Specific Aim 2) was to identify shelter users? perceptions of the current shelter environment in which they lived as a foundation for matching specific design criteria with the specific needs of the female domestic violence victim (i.e., stress reduction) in an attempt to understand the relationship between user needs and individual design characteristics of the shelter. The secondary exploratory hypothesis (Hypothesis 2) was that anxiety or stress is reduced over time; therefore, the architectural design of a shelter that promotes independence will result in less distress among domestic violence victims utilizing the shelter. Thirty-three domestic violence victims in Fort Worth, Texas participated in focus groups and interviews conducted over a four-month period of time in 2009. Qualitative analysis of this data yielded four emergent themes: (1) loss of independence and control: the second layer of fear; (2) the search for security; (3) reconnecting to self; and (4) expressions of humanity. Quantitative analysis was utilized to measure participant stress levels at three intervals during their thirty day shelter program: (1) within the first twenty-four hours of shelter entry; (2) seven to ten days after shelter entry; and (3) fourteen or more days after shelter entry. Findings of this researcher have been utilized to generate design objectives that can be extrapolated to apply to other locations of shelters and could impact the design of new facilities as well as the redesign of current shelters.

Prestwood, Laura E.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Effects of conventional or low bull to female ratio and utilization of reproductive tract scores in extensively-managed, natural mating breeding groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current study involved two experiments which were conducted at the Texas A&M Agricultural Research and Extension Center in Uvalde (semi-arid environment) from 2002 to 2004. In experiment one, Bonsmara bulls (n = 19; 20-24 mo of age) were joined with multiparous, crossbred females (n =586) for 90 d in 2003 and 2004. Bulls were allotted by selected physical traits, seminal traits, social rank, and serving capacity to one of two bull to female ratio (BFR) treatments: Conventional (1:21-1:29; n = 6 pastures) or Low (1:47-1:52; n = 2 pastures) BFR. Pregnancy rate (P = 0.33), calving rate (P = 0.26), and calving date (P = 0.22) did not differ between Conventional and Low BFR treatments. Post-breeding evaluation of bulls in 2002 (n = 16) indicated that social rank, but not seminal traits, was significantly correlated with pre-breeding values (P < 0.05). The current study demonstrates that Low BFR can be utilized in single- and multisire, 90-d breeding pastures of up to 2,090 ha without adversely affecting reproductive performance. In experiment two, yearling, one-half or three-quarter Bonsmara heifers (n = 106; 11-14 mo of age) were palpated per rectum and assigned a reproductive tract score (RTS) immediately prior to the beginning of the breeding season. Reproductive performance was measured in their two subsequent breeding years in order to estimate the value of the RTS system in extensively-managed, natural mating, 90-d breeding season programs. RTS was positively correlated (p < 0.01) with frame score (r = 0.25), age (r = 0.31), weaning weight (r = 0.47), and the weight of the heifer on the day of RTS exam (r = 0.56). The RTS means by dam parity also differed (P < 0.03). A lower (P < 0.01) percentage of females conceived during each of their first two breeding seasons for heifers of RTS 1 and 2 (65.2%) than for heifers of RTS 3, 4, and 5 (91.2%). Females with a RTS of 1 had a lower pregnancy rate over each of their first two breeding seasons, conceived later during their first breeding season, weaned lighter first calves, and remained lighter each year for fall body weight and body condition score than did heifers with RTS of 2 to 5 (P < 0.05). Collectively, the results of the current study indicate that heifers with a RTS of 1 immediately prior to a 90-d breeding season should be culled. Consideration should also be given to eliminating RTS 2 heifers, but further studies will be needed to confirm the potential economic advantage of this practice.

Rathmann, Ryan James

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

--No Title--  

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140307+0000>20130626369 Blue Gene Q ComputersDiversity genderDiversity gender-femaleEmployee SpotlightLocationportrait8BIM%5Cr &127;nE8BIM:-...

303

--No Title--  

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Photoshop 3.08BIM,,8BIMZ%GMaria A. Power203ATLASDiversity genderDiversity gender-female DivisionsEmployee SpotlightLocationportrait720130327<102601>20130327?102601P Wes...

304

--No Title--  

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Photoshop 3.08BIM,,8BIMZ%GMaria A. Power203ATLASDiversity genderDiversity gender-female DivisionsEmployee SpotlightLocationportrait720130327<102238>20130327?102238P Wes...

305

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photoshop 3.08BIM,,8BIMZ%GMaria A. Power203ATLASDiversity genderDiversity gender-female DivisionsEmployee SpotlightLocationportrait720130327<110057>20130327?110057P Wes...

306

Quantitative methods and gender inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-related changes in time-use. The interesting family transitions for the purpose of studying the relationship between family conditions and individuals’ time-use are relatively rare ones. Using the British Household Panel Study, which follows more than 5000...

Scott, Jacqueline

307

Effects of 28 Days of Beta-Alanine and Creatine Monohydrate Supplementation on Muscle Carnosine, Body Composition and Exercise Performance in Recreationally Active Females  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early research with beta-alanine (beta-ALA) supplementation has shown increases in muscle carnosine as well as improvements in body composition, exercise performance and blood lactate levels. Creatine monohydrate supplementation has been extensively researched for its effects on anaerobic exercise performance. Recently, a new line of studies have examined the combined effects beta-ALA and creatine supplementation on anaerobic exercise performance and lactate threshold. The purpose of the present study is to examine the acute and chronic effects of beta-ALA supplementation with and without creatine monohydrate on body composition, aerobic and anaerobic exercise performance, and muscle carnosine and phosphagen levels in college-aged recreationally active females. Thirty-two females were randomized in a double-blind placebo controlled manner into one of four supplementation groups including beta-ALA only, creatine only, beta-ALA and creatine combined and placebo. Participants supplemented for four weeks and reported for testing at baseline, day 7 and day 28. Testing sessions consisted of a resting muscle biopsy of the vastus lateralis, body composition measurements, a graded exercise test on the cycle ergometer for VO2max and lactate threshold, and multiple Wingate tests for anaerobic exercise performance. Results showed all supplementation strategies increasing muscle carnosine levels over placebo after four weeks, but not between groups. Muscle creatine increased for all groups after four weeks, but not between groups. There were improvements for all groups with body composition after four weeks, despite the present study not including a specific training protocol. There were no group differences observed for aerobic exercise, blood lactate levels, lactate threshold, ventilatory threshold, peak power, mean power, total work or rate of fatigue. There were some trends for anaerobic exercise indicating groups supplementing with creatine may have greater improvements, however, these findings were not statistically significant. The present study failed to show any additive effects of beta-ALA and creatine supplementation for body composition, aerobic exercise, lactate threshold or anaerobic exercise measures. This could be due to the small sample size resulting in low power and effect sizes. Previous research has demonstrated that four weeks of beta-ALA and creatine supplementation was enough time to increase muscle carnosine and phosphagen levels. However, perhaps more time is needed for performance adaptations to occur, especially without the addition of an exercise training component.

Kresta, Julie Yong

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

JOM: The Member Journal of TMS - JOM Monthly  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 21, 2010 ... “But for many children, that interest hits roadblocks along an academic system that is still not blind to gender or color.” The study, Female and ...

309

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Female (W, F) 474 Total includes 2561 permanent and 21 temporary employees. PAY PLAN DIVERSITY TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER National Nuclear Security Administration As of March 23, 2013...

310

The effect of urinary cadmium on cardiovascular fitness as measured by VO{sub 2} max in white, black and Mexican Americans  

SciTech Connect

Objectives: We explored potential effects of cadmium exposure on cardiovascular fitness measures, including gender and racial/ethnic differences. Methods: Data were from the 1999 to 2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES); 1963 participating subjects were included in our analysis. Volume of oxygen consumed at sub-maximum activity (VO{sub 2} max) were recorded in a series of graded exercises; the goal was to elicit 75% of predetermined age-specific heart rates. Cadmium from urine samples was measured in the laboratory using standard methods. Multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to determine potential relationships. Results: Increased urinary cadmium concentrations were generally associated with decreased estimated VO{sub 2} max values. Gender and racial/ethnic differences were also observed. Specifically, associations were statistically significant for white males and Mexican American females. Conclusion: Inverse associations between urinary cadmium concentrations and estimated VO{sub 2} max values were observed, including racial and gender differences. The implications of such gender and racial/ethnic differences on long-term cardiovascular health and health disparities of present public health concern warrant further investigation.

Egwuogu, Heartley [Institute of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA (United States); Shendell, Derek G. [Institute of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA (United States); Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)-School of Public Health (and EOHSI), 683 Hoes Lane West, 3rd Floor, P.O. Box 9, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)], E-mail: shendedg@umdnj.edu; Okosun, Ike S. [Institute of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA (United States); Goodfellow, Lynda [School of Health Professions, College of Health and Human Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA (United States)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Author's personal copy Available online at www.sciencedirect.com  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/paid Male mate retention mediates the relationship between female sexual infidelity and female-directed violence

Farnaz Kaighobadi; Valerie G. Starratt; Todd K. Shackelford

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Combination of high-performance liquid chromatography and radioimmunoassay for the measurement of urodilatin and. alpha. -hANP in the urine of healthy males  

SciTech Connect

Urodilatin (ANP-(95-126)), a natriuretic peptide in urine, and {alpha}-hANP (ANP-(99-126)) are crossreactive in the radioimmunoassay of {alpha}-hANP (ANP-RIA). The authors therefore developed a method to separate physiological amounts of urodilatin and {alpha}-hANP in urine by high-performance liquid chromatography followed by ANP-RIA of the separated fractions. They studied urine samples of 10 healthy adult males with a plasma {alpha}-hANP level of 41 {plus minus} 21 pg/ml (mean {plus minus} SD) and a total urinary ANP-RIA reactivity of 40 {plus minus} 21 pg/ml. In all urine samples they found three peaks of ANP-RIA reactivity, the first one coeluting with synthetic urodilatin, the second one with the retention time of {alpha}-hANP and a late eluting ANP-RIA-reactive peak, possibly containing degradation products. The ratio of urodilatin/{alpha}-hANP was 0.77 {plus minus} 0.17.

Solc, J.; Bauer, K.; Timnik, A.; Doehlemann, C.; Strom, T.M.; Weil, J. (Univ. of Munich, Muenchen (West Germany)); Solcova, A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

doi:10.1093/alcalc/agl085 THE GLYCINE REUPTAKE INHIBITOR ORG 25935 DECREASES ETHANOL INTAKE AND PREFERENCE IN MALE WISTAR RATS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Previous findings from our group indicate that accumbal glycine receptors (GlyRs) are involved in mediating the dopamine (DA) activating effects of ethanol (EtOH), and that administration of glycine locally into the nucleus accumbens (nAc) reduces EtOH consumption in EtOH high-preferring rats. Aims: The present study examines the influence of a systemically administered glycine reuptake inhibitor, Org 25935, on EtOH preference and intake, in male Wistar rats with an EtOH preference>60 % (during continuous access to a bottle of EtOH, 6 % v/v, and a bottle of water), called EP>60 rats, as well as in animals with an EtOH preference 60 and EPwater. Results: Org 25935 decreased EtOH intake and EtOH preference, as compared with vehicle, whereas water intake was unaffected. This effect was dose-dependent, developed gradually and was sustained for up to 40 days, also after introduction of an alcohol deprivation period. Conclusion: It is suggested that Org 25935, and possibly also other GlyT1 inhibitors, can represent a new pharmacological treatment principle for alcohol dependence or abuse.

Anna Molander; Helga Höifödt Lidö; Elin Löf; Mia Ericson; Bo Söderpalm

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Information bias and lifetime mortality risks of radiation-induced cancer: Low LET radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Additive and multiplicative models of relative risk were used to measure the effect of cancer misclassification and DS86 random errors on lifetime risk projections in the Life Span Study (LSS) of Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bomb survivors. The true number of cancer deaths in each stratum of the cancer mortality cross-classification was estimated using sufficient statistics from the EM algorithm. Average survivor doses in the strata were corrected for DS86 random error ({sigma}=0.45) by use of reduction factors. Poisson regression was used to model the corrected and uncorrected mortality rates with risks in RERF Report 11 (Part 2) and the BEIR-V Report. Bias due to DS86 random error typically ranged from {minus}15% to {minus}30% for both sexes, and all sites and models. The total bias, including diagnostic misclassification, of excess risk of nonleukemia for exposure to 1 Sv from age 18 to 65 under the non-constant relative project model was {minus}37.1% for males and {minus}23.3% for females. Total excess risks of leukemia under the relative projection model were biased {minus}27.1% for males and {minus}43.4% for females. Thus, nonleukemia risks for 1 Sv from ages 18 to 65 (DRREF=2) increased from 1.91%/Sv to 2.68%/Sv among males and from 3.23%/Sv to 4.92%/Sv among females. Leukemia excess risk increased from 0.87%/Sv to 1.10/Sv among males and from 0.73%/Sv to 1.04/Sv among females. Bias was dependent on the gender, site, correction method, exposure profile and projection model considered. Future studies that use LSS data for US nuclear workers may be downwardly biased if lifetime risk projections are not adjusted for random and systematic errors.

Peterson, L.E.; Schull, W.J.; Davis, B.R. [Texas Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Health Science Center; Buffler, P.A. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). School of Public Health

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Pose-estimation and pose-invariant recognition with an extended hierarchical model of the ventral stream Heejung Kim, Joel Z Leibo, Tomaso Poggio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

features such as male/femaleness, fatness, muscularity, and limb proportion. We rendered each of the 40

Poggio, Tomaso

316

Human Nature, in press. Why Do the Karo Batak Prefer Women with Big Feet?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

human males and females judge attractiveness (Barber 1995; Buss 1994; Geary et al. 2004; Shackelford et on the attractiveness of potential female partners (Shackelford et al. 2005; Buss 1989). The emphasis on female

Kushnick, Geoff

317

A critical policy analysis: the impact of zero tolerance on out-of-school suspensions and expulsions of students of color in the state of Texas by gender and school level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study focused on the disciplining actions given to students of color after the implementation of the zero tolerance (ZT) policy in Texas’ schools. Out-of-school suspension and expulsion data were analyzed to depict trends and/or patterns across school levels as well as gender and race/ethnicity. More specifically, the disciplinary action of 34,047 elementary, middle and high school students of color suspended out-of-school and expelled in Texas’ public schools during the1999-2000 and 2002-2003 academic school years were statistically analyzed then evaluated via specific tenets of critical race theory (CRT). A critical policy analysis, as defined by the researcher, was discussed using the results of the data analysis. In addition, the predictive power of the variables school level, gender and race/ethnicity on the disciplinary action given to students of color were analyzed during the school terms under study. The most statistically significant finding of the study was the influence of ethnicity on out-of-school suspension and expulsion rates of students of color in the State of Texas after the implementation of the policy known as ZT during the selected school terms. Furthermore, of the students enrolled in public schools in Texas during the 1999-2000 and 2002-2003 school years, African-American students comprised 14.3 and 14.4 percent of the population; yet, they received more than one-third of all disciplining actions, second to European Americans who comprised 43 and 40 percent of the enrolled population. When compared to other students of color, African-American students received 53.6 and 53.9 percent of the out-of-school suspensions and 64.3 and 65.1 of the expulsions. Even though the data presented were aligned with previous research studies, the view of disciplinary actions for students of color from a critical race theory (CRT) lens highlights the deficiencies outlined via a critical policy analysis of the ZT policy as it is used to fortify the safety of schools.

Sullivan, Earnestyne LaShonne

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Organ doses, effective doses, and risk indices in adult CT: Comparison of four types of reference phantoms across different examination protocols  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Radiation exposure from computed tomography (CT) to the public has increased the concern among radiation protection professionals. Being able to accurately assess the radiation dose patients receive during CT procedures is a crucial step in the management of CT dose. Currently, various computational anthropomorphic phantoms are used to assess radiation dose by different research groups. It is desirable to better understand how the dose results are affected by different choices of phantoms. In this study, the authors assessed the uncertainties in CT dose and risk estimation associated with different types of computational phantoms for a selected group of representative CT protocols. Methods: Routinely used CT examinations were categorized into ten body and three neurological examination categories. Organ doses, effective doses, risk indices, and conversion coefficients to effective dose and risk index (k and q factors, respectively) were estimated for these examinations for a clinical CT system (LightSpeed VCT, GE Healthcare). Four methods were used, each employing a different type of reference phantoms. The first and second methods employed a Monte Carlo program previously developed and validated in our laboratory. In the first method, the reference male and female extended cardiac-torso (XCAT) phantoms were used, which were initially created from the Visible Human data and later adjusted to match organ masses defined in ICRP publication 89. In the second method, the reference male and female phantoms described in ICRP publication 110 were used, which were initially developed from tomographic data of two patients and later modified to match ICRP 89 organ masses. The third method employed a commercial dosimetry spreadsheet (ImPACT group, London, England) with its own hermaphrodite stylized phantom. In the fourth method, another widely used dosimetry spreadsheet (CT-Expo, Medizinische Hochschule, Hannover, Germany) was employed together with its associated male and female stylized phantoms. Results: For fully irradiated organs, average coefficients of variation (COV) ranged from 0.07 to 0.22 across the four male phantoms and from 0.06 to 0.18 across the four female phantoms; for partially irradiated organs, average COV ranged from 0.13 to 0.30 across the four male phantoms and from 0.15 to 0.30 across the four female phantoms. Doses to the testes, breasts, and esophagus showed large variations between phantoms. COV for gender-averaged effective dose and k factor ranged from 0.03 to 0.23 and from 0.06 to 0.30, respectively. COV for male risk index and q factor ranged from 0.06 to 0.30 and from 0.05 to 0.36, respectively; COV for female risk index and q factor ranged from 0.06 to 0.49 and from 0.07 to 0.54, respectively. Conclusions: Despite closely matched organ mass, total body weight, and height, large differences in organ dose exist due to variation in organ location, spatial distribution, and dose approximation method. Dose differences for fully irradiated radiosensitive organs were much smaller than those for partially irradiated organs. Weighted dosimetry quantities including effective dose, male risk indices, k factors, and male q factors agreed well across phantoms. The female risk indices and q factors varied considerably across phantoms.

Zhang Yakun; Li Xiang; Paul Segars, W.; Samei, Ehsan [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States) and Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States) and Departments of Physics, Biomedical Engineering, and Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

319

The Gendering of Film and Television Casting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

workers. In the case of the Edison stu- dios in New Jersey,staff were transferred from the Edison business headquartersto the Edison studio where, “New offices are being built

Hill, Erin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Organizing? Gender, Unions, and Effective Organizing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.....................................................................................................................................11 A. Campaign Summaries UFT/ACORN Homebased Childcare Providers Domestic Workers United Bill

Keinan, Alon

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321

U.S. CMS - U.S. CMS @ Work - Working at CERN - Relocating to CERN -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working at CERN Working at CERN Mandate Life in Geneva Map to P5 Computers Search People Relocation Visa: Long Term Invitation: Long Term Visa: Short Term Invitation: Short Term Invitation: Long Term For the long term French and Swiss invitations, the following information is needed: *Gender: (male/female) Work address: (including street address for Federal Express) *Home address: *Citizenship: *Place of birth (City and country): *Date of birth: *Passport number: *Date of passport issue: *Date of passport expiration: Professional title: Address of employing institute: Dates of visit to CERN: Email address: Your phone number: Your fax number: The fax numbers of the Swiss and French consulates where you will apply for the visas: *We also need this information for any family members traveling with you...

322

Pathways, Networks and Systems Medicine Conferences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 6th Pathways, Networks and Systems Medicine Conference was held at the Minoa Palace Conference Center, Chania, Crete, Greece (16-21 June 2008). The Organizing Committee was composed of Joe Nadeau (CWRU, Cleveland), Rudi Balling (German Research Centre, Brauschweig), David Galas (Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle), Lee Hood (Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle), Diane Isonaka (Seattle), Fotis Kafatos (Imperial College, London), John Lambris (Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia),Harris Lewin (Univ. of Indiana, Urbana-Champaign), Edison Liu (Genome Institute of Singapore, Singapore), and Shankar Subramaniam (Univ. California, San Diego). A total of 101 individuals from 21 countries participated in the conference: USA (48), Canada (5), France (5), Austria (4), Germany (3), Italy (3), UK (3), Greece (2), New Zealand (2), Singapore (2), Argentina (1), Australia (1), Cuba (1), Denmark (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), Netherlands (1), Spain (1), Sweden (1), Switzerland (1). With respect to speakers, 29 were established faculty members and 13 were graduate students or postdoctoral fellows. With respect to gender representation, among speakers, 13 were female and 28 were male, and among all participants 43 were female and 58 were male. Program these included the following topics: Cancer Pathways and Networks (Day 1), Metabolic Disease Networks (Day 2), Day 3 ? Organs, Pathways and Stem Cells (Day 3), and Day 4 ? Inflammation, Immunity, Microbes and the Environment (Day 4). Proceedings of the Conference were not published.

Nadeau, Joseph H. [Pacific Northwest Research Institute] [Pacific Northwest Research Institute

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

323

Project 2012: Increasing Female Representation in Government  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hungary Croatia Bosnia and Herzegovina Rep. of MoldovaBelize (Senate) Bosnia and Herzegovina (House of Peoples)

McLean, Lindsey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Fatty acid composition and distribution in the blubber of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) blubber is heterogeneous, and divided into sub-epidermal, middle, and deep layers. This is consistent with other studies that have shown how odontocete blubber is variable in composition, and can be separated into strata visually, histologically, and biochemically. Fatty acid signature analysis has been used in determining dietary history of marine mammals. It is also an excellent tool for examining differences in fatty acid composition of blubber between seasons, genders, and layers at various sites along the body. Foraging ecology of cetaceans has not been studied extensively, and little information exists about their body composition. The purpose of this study was to determine if differences in fatty acid composition exist between seasons, genders, and blubber layers along the body of bottlenose dolphins and to investigate the potential use of fatty acid signature analysis to discern diet of small cetaceans. Blubber samples were obtained from fresh-dead bottlenose dolphins along the Texas and Louisiana coastlines. Twenty-two animals were sampled, including males, non-lactating females, and lactating females, from summer and winter seasons. Samples from nine different sites along the body were examined. Lipids were extracted from each sample, and fatty acid methyl esters analyzed using a gas-liquid chromatograph connected to a computerized integration system. Statistical analysis consisted of multivariate techniques, including classification and regression trees (CART). Seasonal, gender, and layer-related differences were present with varying degrees of significance. Season was the strongest separating variable for all samples, followed by gender, layer, surface, and finally body site. Season, gender, and layering effects have been well documented in other studies. These changes probably result from dietary factors, as well as selective fatty acid mobilization and utilization to accommodate blubber functions such as energy storage, insulation, and streamlining. Because little variation existed between sampling sites and surfaces, it will be possible to obtain biopsy samples from any location anterior to the anus on the animal for future analysis. It may be difficult to interpret fatty acid signatures until further information is known about the feeding patterns and turnover rates in bottlenose dolphin blubber because other factors besides diet can affect fatty acid composition.

Samuel, Asha Melina

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Economy of Yak Herders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

yield) from male yaks is around I kg per year and in females around 0.3 kg from measurements made from hair shorn of 8 males and 22 females. The males are clipped of all the wool growing inside the outer layer of long hairs at the upper and lower...

Gyamtsho, Pema

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Transgenic Mice for Modeling Male Infertility  

u.s. department of energy • office of science • university of california. contact webmaster • comments • policy /privacy/security ...

327

(Molecular analysis of cytoplasmic male sterility)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have determined the actual RNA sequence of four mitochondrial genes: pcf, nad3, rps12, and coxII. Because plant mitochondrial proteins cannot be predicted from DNA sequences, the actual primary structures of the encoded proteins were unknown. We have gained information concerning the process of RNA editing. Editing can occur before splicing. Our data is consistent with the hypothesis that RNA editing is not simultaneous with transcription. Unlike other systems, the process of editing in plant does not exhibit a discernable direction. As a result of our RNA editing studies, we have produced a number of clones of the proper coding regions tube used for incorporating these mitochondrial genes into the nucleus. 6 refs., 4 figs.

Hanson, M.R.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Effect of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin administration and high-fat diet on the body weight and hepatic estrogen metabolism in female C3H/HeN mice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We studied the effect of administration of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) by i.p. injection once every 2 weeks in combination with a high-fat (HF) diet for 8 or 16 weeks on the body and organ weight changes as well as on the hepatic enzyme activity for estrogen metabolism in C3H/HeN female mice. Administration of TCDD at 100 {mu}g/kg b.w. once every 2 weeks for 8 weeks increased the body weight by 46% in the HF diet-fed animals, but not in the regular diet-fed animals. This is the first observation suggesting that TCDD at a high dose (100 {mu}g/kg b.w.), but not at lower doses (1 or 10 {mu}g/kg b.w.), may have a strong obesity-inducing effect in C3H/HeN mice fed an HF diet. While TCDD increased liver weight and decreased thymus weight in animals, these effects were enhanced by feeding animals an HF diet. Metabolism studies showed that TCDD administration for 8 or 16 weeks increased the liver microsomal activity for the 2- and 4-hydroxylation of 17{beta}-estradiol in animals fed a control diet, but surprisingly not in animals fed an HF diet. Treatment with TCDD dose-dependently increased the hepatic activity for the O-methylation of catechol estrogens in both control and HF diet-fed animals, and it also decreased the levels of liver microsomal sulfatase activity for hydrolysis of estrone-3-sulfate. TCDD did not significantly affect the hepatic enzyme activity for the glucuronidation or esterification of endogenous estrogens. It is suggested that enhanced metabolic inactivation of endogenous estrogens by hepatic estrogen-metabolizing enzymes in TCDD-treated, control diet-fed animals contributes importantly to the reduced incidence of estrogen-associated tumors in animals treated with TCDD.

Zhu Baoting [Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics, School of Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160 (United States); Susan Lehman Cullman Laboratory for Cancer Research, Department of Chemical Biology, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers-State University of New Jersey, 164 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)], E-mail: BTZhu@kumc.edu; Gallo, Michael A. [Department of Environmental and Community Medicine, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)], E-mail: magallo@eohsi.rutgers.edu; Burger, Conney W.; Meeker, Robert J. [Department of Environmental and Community Medicine, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Cai, May Xiaoxin; Xu Shiyao [Susan Lehman Cullman Laboratory for Cancer Research, Department of Chemical Biology, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers-State University of New Jersey, 164 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Conney, Allan H. [Susan Lehman Cullman Laboratory for Cancer Research, Department of Chemical Biology, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers-State University of New Jersey, 164 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)], E-mail: aconney@rci.rutgers.edu

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

The Impact of Science Notebook Writing on ELL and Low-SES Students' Science Language Development and Conceptual Understanding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This quantitative study explored the impact of literacy integration in a science inquiry classroom involving the use of science notebooks on the academic language development and conceptual understanding of students from diverse (i.e., English Language Learners, or ELLs) and low socio-economic status (low-SES) backgrounds. The study derived from a randomized, longitudinal, field-based NSF funded research project (NSF Award No. DRL - 0822343) targeting ELL and non-ELL students from low-SES backgrounds in a large urban school district in Southeast Texas. The study used a scoring rubric (modified and tested for validity and reliability) to analyze fifth-grade school students’ science notebook entries. Scores for academic language quality (or, for brevity, language) were used to compare language growth over time across three time points (i.e., beginning, middle, and end of the school year) and to compare students across categories (ELL, former ELL, non-ELL, and gender) using descriptive statistics and mixed between-within subjects analysis of variance (ANOVA). Scores for conceptual understanding (or, for brevity, concept) were used to compare students across categories (ELL, former ELL, non-ELL, and gender) in three domains using descriptive statistics and ANOVA. A correlational analysis was conducted to explore the relationship, if any, between language scores and concept scores for each group. Students demonstrated statistically significant growth over time in their academic language as reflected by science notebook scores. While ELL students scored lower than former ELL and non-ELL students at the first two time points, they caught up to their peers by the third time point. Similarly, females outperformed males in language scores in the first two time points, but males caught up to females in the third time point. In analyzing conceptual scores, ELLs had statistically significant lower scores than former-ELL and non-ELL students, and females outperformed males in the first two domains. These differences, however, were not statistically significant in the last domain. Last, correlations between language and concept scores were overall, positive, large, and significant across domains and groups. The study presents a rubric useful for quantifying diverse students’ science notebook entries, and findings add to the sparse research on the impact of writing in diverse students’ language development and conceptual understanding in science.

Huerta, Margarita

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Subsurface drill string  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drill string comprises a first drill string member having a male end; and a second drill string member having a female end configured to be joined to the male end of the first drill string member, the male end having a threaded portion including generally square threads, the male end having a non-threaded extension portion coaxial with the threaded portion, and the male end further having a bearing surface, the female end having a female threaded portion having corresponding female threads, the female end having a non-threaded extension portion coaxial with the female threaded portion, and the female end having a bearing surface. Installation methods, including methods of installing instrumented probes are also provided.

Casper, William L. (Rigby, ID); Clark, Don T. (Idaho Falls, ID); Grover, Blair K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mathewson, Rodney O. (Idaho Falls, ID); Seymour, Craig A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

331

TOTAL SES SL EJ//EK EN IV EN III  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

37 46.8% No Degrees 16 20.3% SUPERVISOR RATIO SUPERVISORS SUPERVISORS RATIO 5.6 TO 1 DIVERSITY American Indian Male 1 1.3% American Indian Female 0 0.0% African American Male 3...

332

JHU2012report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

were both male and female teachers representing Baltimore City and non- Baltimore City schools, public and private schools, single sex and regular schools, secular and religious...

333

Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint, Facial & SMT ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 18. Male Face MFACE Cats & Cat Heads CAT Female Face FFACE Dogs & Dog Heads DOG ... Boats, Ships, and Other Vessels VESSEL ...

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

334

Sex-dependent Differences in Intestinal Tumorigenesis Induced in Apc1638N/+ Mice by Exposure to {gamma} Rays  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of 1 and 5 Gy radiation doses and to investigate the interplay of gender and radiation with regard to intestinal tumorigenesis in an adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) mutant mouse model. Methods and Materials: Apc1638N/+ female and male mice were exposed whole body to either 1 Gy or 5 Gy of {gamma} rays and euthanized when most of the treated mice became moribund. Small and large intestines were processed to determine tumor burden, distribution, and grade. Expression of proliferation marker Ki-67 and estrogen receptor (ER)-{alpha} were also assessed by immunohistochemistry. Results: We observed that, with both 1 Gy and 5 Gy of {gamma} rays, females displayed reduced susceptibility to radiation-induced intestinal tumorigenesis compared with males. As for radiation effect on small intestinal tumor progression, although no substantial differences were found in the relative frequency and degree of dysplasia of adenomas in irradiated animals compared with controls, invasive carcinomas were found in 1-Gy- and 5-Gy-irradiated animals. Radiation exposure was also shown to induce an increase in protein levels of proliferation marker Ki-67 and sex-hormone receptor ER-{alpha} in both non tumor mucosa and intestinal tumors from irradiated male mice. Conclusions: We observed important sex-dependent differences in susceptibility to radiation-induced intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc1638N/+ mutants. Furthermore, our data provide evidence that exposure to radiation doses as low as 1 Gy can induce a significant increase in intestinal tumor multiplicity as well as enhance tumor progression in vivo.

Trani, Daniela [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Maastricht Radiation Oncology (MaastRO) Lab, GROW-School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, University of Maastricht (Netherlands); Moon, Bo-Hyun [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Kallakury, Bhaskar; Hartmann, Dan P. [Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States)] [Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Datta, Kamal [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Fornace, Albert J., E-mail: af294@georgetown.edu [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Center of Excellence in Genomic Medicine Research (CEGMR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

CARLINK: A SMART CARSHARING SYSTEM--A STUDY OF BEHAVIORAL ADAPTATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their destinations. Carsharing fleets might also consist of ultra-low emission, energy-efficient cars. Further are reflected in the areas of gender, in- come, and land use. In Europe, there are more male participants than adopters in Europe. Differences are reflected in the areas of gender, income, and land use. In Europe

Kammen, Daniel M.

336

Pharmacokinetic analysis of trichloroethylene metabolism in male B6C3F1 mice: Formation and disposition of trichloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)glutathione and S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine  

SciTech Connect

Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a well-known carcinogen in rodents and concerns exist regarding its potential carcinogenicity in humans. Oxidative metabolites of TCE, such as dichloroacetic acid (DCA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCA), are thought to be hepatotoxic and carcinogenic in mice. The reactive products of glutathione conjugation, such as S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC), and S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl) glutathione (DCVG), are associated with renal toxicity in rats. Recently, we developed a new analytical method for simultaneous assessment of these TCE metabolites in small-volume biological samples. Since important gaps remain in our understanding of the pharmacokinetics of TCE and its metabolites, we studied a time-course of DCA, TCA, DCVG and DCVG formation and elimination after a single oral dose of 2100 mg/kg TCE in male B6C3F1 mice. Based on systemic concentration-time data, we constructed multi-compartment models to explore the kinetic properties of the formation and disposition of TCE metabolites, as well as the source of DCA formation. We conclude that TCE-oxide is the most likely source of DCA. According to the best-fit model, bioavailability of oral TCE was {approx} 74%, and the half-life and clearance of each metabolite in the mouse were as follows: DCA: 0.6 h, 0.081 ml/h; TCA: 12 h, 3.80 ml/h; DCVG: 1.4 h, 16.8 ml/h; DCVC: 1.2 h, 176 ml/h. In B6C3F1 mice, oxidative metabolites are formed in much greater quantities ({approx} 3600 fold difference) than glutathione-conjugative metabolites. In addition, DCA is produced to a very limited extent relative to TCA, while most of DCVG is converted into DCVC. These pharmacokinetic studies provide insight into the kinetic properties of four key biomarkers of TCE toxicity in the mouse, representing novel information that can be used in risk assessment.

Kim, Sungkyoon [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (United States); Kim, David [Syngenta Crop Protection Inc, Greensboro, NC 27419 (United States); Pollack, Gary M. [Division of Pharmacotherapy and Experimental Therapeutics, Eshelmann School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (United States); Collins, Leonard B. [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (United States); Rusyn, Ivan [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (United States)], E-mail: iir@unc.edu

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Robert Van Steenwyk Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Recommendations for Sweet Cherry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robert Van Steenwyk Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Recommendations for Sweet of male and female SWD flies in each trap. Male SWD have spots on the tip of the wings and females have produced. The preferred ovipositional color was dark red for Bing fruit and red for Black Tartarian

Hammock, Bruce D.

338

Gender Classification from Unconstrained Video Sequences Meltem Demirkus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Machines McGill University, Montreal, Canada demirkus@cim.mcgill.ca Matthew Toews Department of RadiologyGill University, Montreal, Canada clark@cim.mcgill.ca Tal Arbel Centre for Intelligent Machines McGill University, Montreal, Canada arbel@cim.mcgill.ca Abstract This paper presents the first investigation into the clas

Clark, James J.

339

North Korean Literature: Margins of Writing Memory, Gender, and Sexuality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

throughout the night, street lights and other lights inIt is very late and the street lights are also turned off,conveniently turning off the street lights for them in the

Kim, Immanuel J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

PSYCHO BEACH PARTY: A VOCAL AND PHYSICAL EXPLORATION OF GENDER.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??On September 24, 2009, Theatre VCU opened its production of Psycho Beach Party, written by Charles Busch and directed by Steve Perigard. In our production,… (more)

Persinger, Megan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Gender Politics: A Case Study of Feminism in Iran.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The literature on feminism and Islam shows that there is a distinct relationship and conflict between identity groups in Iran. An alliance between Muslim and… (more)

Hoff, Sara A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Essays on Fertility, Gender Preference and Family Planning in Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Population Policy Changes in Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . .v 3.3.2 Iran’s Current Health Data . . . . . . . . . . . . .Case of Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

GHOBADI, NEGAR

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Gender and Computing Work in the Late 1990s  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Panteli,A. Stack,J. Ramsay,H. Atkinson,M.P. Proceedings of Work, Difference and Social Change: Two decades after Braverman's Labour and Monopoly Capital. Academic Press

Panteli, A.; Stack, J.; Ramsay, H.; Atkinson, M.P.

344

Department of Gender Studies Indiana University-Bloomington  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to maintain an active research and publication profile consistent with tenure at a Research One university and elective courses (typically a 2-2 course load) and advising student research at all levels, including

Indiana University

345

Back to the shed: gendered visions of technology and domesticity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the tropes of the age of ubiquitous computing is the migration of computation into new spaces. Domestic environments have been a particular focus of attention for many. However, these spaces are neither empty nor neutral. They are already populated ...

Genevieve Bell; Paul Dourish

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Wisconsin – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W IS . S TAT . § 111.397(2)(a). WISCONSIN Williams InstituteComplaint, [Redacted] v. State of Wisconsin Departmentof Corrections, Wisconsin Department of Workforce

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Gender and Mission Encounters in Korea: New Women, Old Ways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

when she attended the Quadrennial Convention of the Studentwas invited to speak at the Quadrennial Convention of the

Choi, Hyaeweol

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Gender Wage Differentials in Private and Public Sector Jobs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constant Years of Schooling Apprentice training ExperienceConstant Years of Schooling Apprentice training Experience 2Constant Years of Schooling Apprentice training Experience

Zweimuller, Jopsef; Winter- Ebmer, Rudolf

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

'Wisconsin works'?: race, gender and accountability in the workfare era.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project will offer an evaluative analysis of the Wisconsin Works (W-2) program as the model initiative within national welfare reform strategies. The purpose of… (more)

Baldwin, Bridgette

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

The School Context of Gender Disparities in Math Motivation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of teaming on students. Middle School Journal, 20, 24-27.the trajectory of children’s school outcomes through eighthHandbook of motivation at school (pp. 55-75). New York:

Branom, Christina Marie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Gender and Mission Encounters in Korea: New Women, Old Ways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Baird, William Baird of Korea (Oakland, Calif. : Baird,1899), 18 –19. 96. The Korea Methodist 1, no. 5 (1905): 50.on the West District,” The Korea Meth- odist 1 (1905): 139 –

Choi, Hyaeweol

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Sentimentality and Gender in Virginia Woolf and Laurence Sterne  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Creative Resistance to Sentiment from the Augustans to the Romantics. EssaysCreative Imagination. ” Virginia Woolf, Revaluation and Continuity: A Collection of Essays.

Barber, Keri

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

A Content Analysis of Female Body Imagery in Video Games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 10, 2009 ... the 1998 data set is the most comprehensive and the most recent anthropometric data set available to the public. Wire framing. A graduate ...

354

Studies Shed Light on Retention of Female Engineers - Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 28, 2011... career indicated they did so because of negative working conditions, too much travel, lack of advancement or low salary, the study shows.

355

Size, shape, and appearance of the normal female pituitary gland  

SciTech Connect

One hundred seven women 18-65 years old were studied who were referred for suspected central nervous system disease not related to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus. High-resolution, direct, coronal, contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) was used to examine the size; shape, and density of the normal pituitary gland. There were three major conclusions: (1) the height of the normal gland can be as much as 9 mm; (2) the superior margin of the gland may bulge in normal patients; and (3) both large size and convex contour appear to be associated with younger age. It was also found that serum prolactin levels do not appear to correlate with the CT appearances. Noise artifacts inherent in high-detail, thin-section, soft-tissue scanning may be a limiting factor in defining reproducible patterns in different parts of the normal pituitary gland.

Wolpert, S.M.; Molitch, M.E.; Goldman, J.A.; Wood, J.B.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Research Note Survival of Female Harlequin Ducks During Wing Molt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.000) during the 37-day interval over which remiges were replaced and individuals were rendered flightless. Our demands of feather synthesis can be met without significant depletion of endogenous protein or fat

357

The Bars That Bound Me: A Study of Female Parolees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W. Mullins. 2006. “Taking Stock: The Status of FeministPp. 217-249 in Taking Stock: The Status of Criminological

D'Auria, Stephanie Chauntel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Brain Activation during Human Male Ejaculation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

structures, including shale. Recent improvements with hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," a controversial

Cooper, Robin L.

359

The Russian Male Macho Register and Performances of Masculinity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

intermediate phrases “a lithium-ion battery made from coffeea difference of “A lithium-ion battery” 36 Hz. It could be

Garey, Amy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

The morbidity of urethral stricture disease among male Medicare beneficiaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Los Angeles, USA. 2 Department of Urology, Detroit MedicalCenter; Detroit, Michigan, USA. Authors’ contributions JA

Anger, Jennifer T; Santucci, Richard; Grossberg, Anna L; Saigal, Christopher S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The morbidity of urethral stricture disease among male Medicare beneficiaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

review of complications]. Arch Esp Urol 2004, 57(5):485-511.urethral stenosis]. Actas Urol Esp 1996, 20(9):786-793. 5.urethral stenosis]. Rev Clin Esp 11. Litwin MS, Saigal CS,

Anger, Jennifer T; Santucci, Richard; Grossberg, Anna L; Saigal, Christopher S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Mechanism and Behavioral Context of Male Sex Pheromone ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

were excised from host puparia 1–2 days before eclosion ... at 70·eV. Helium (1 ml/min) was used as carrier gas. Initial oven temperature was 80°C, increased at

363

FAMILY ENVIRONMENT AND SUBSTANCE USE IN ADOLESCENT MALES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between several aspects of family environment and adolescent substance use. Participants included 372 (M =… (more)

Brechting, Emily H.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Structural, histochemical, and protein analysis of male reproductive ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Willow biomass can be used to generate electricity by co- firing it with coal; it can be burned directly or converted to gas or liquid fuel (McIlveen-Wright et al. 2001 ...

365

ORIGINAL PAPER The energetic costs of alternative male reproductive strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for monitoring total suspended matter in small and intermediate sized lakes and reservoirs. Water Resources, Jan. 4-18, 2003 (team taught). Part of ASU's MARC (Minority Access to Research Careers) program;Susanne Neuer, October 2010 3 Mentoring General Mentor, Obama fellowship program, FY 2009/10 Faculty

Cummings, Molly E.

366

Aging and functional brain networks  

SciTech Connect

Aging is associated with changes in human brain anatomy and function and cognitive decline. Recent studies suggest the aging decline of major functional connectivity hubs in the 'default-mode' network (DMN). Aging effects on other networks, however, are largely unknown. We hypothesized that aging would be associated with a decline of short- and long-range functional connectivity density (FCD) hubs in the DMN. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated resting-state data sets corresponding to 913 healthy subjects from a public magnetic resonance imaging database using functional connectivity density mapping (FCDM), a voxelwise and data-driven approach, together with parallel computing. Aging was associated with pronounced long-range FCD decreases in DMN and dorsal attention network (DAN) and with increases in somatosensory and subcortical networks. Aging effects in these networks were stronger for long-range than for short-range FCD and were also detected at the level of the main functional hubs. Females had higher short- and long-range FCD in DMN and lower FCD in the somatosensory network than males, but the gender by age interaction effects were not significant for any of the networks or hubs. These findings suggest that long-range connections may be more vulnerable to aging effects than short-range connections and that, in addition to the DMN, the DAN is also sensitive to aging effects, which could underlie the deterioration of attention processes that occurs with aging.

Tomasi D.; Tomasi, D.; Volkow, N.D.

2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

367

Spot Scanning-Based Proton Therapy for Intracranial Meningioma: Long-Term Results From the Paul Scherrer Institute  

SciTech Connect

Background: To assess the long-term clinical results of spot scanning proton therapy (PT) in the treatment of intracranial meningiomas. Patients and Methods: Thirty-nine patients with meningioma (histologically proven 34/39) were treated with PT between July 1997 and January 2010. Thirty-two (82.1%) patients were treated as primary treatment (exclusive PT, n = 8; postoperative PT, n = 24). Mean age was 48.3 {+-} 17.9 years and 32 (82.1%) patients had skull base lesions. For patients undergoing surgery, 24 patients had a diagnosis of World Health Organization (WHO) Grade I and 10 of a WHO Grade II/III meningioma, respectively. The female-to-male ratio was 3.3. The median administered dose was 56.0 Gy (relative biologic effectiveness [RBE]) (range, 52.2-66.6) at 1.8-2.0 Gy (RBE) per fraction. Gross tumor volume (GTV) ranged from 0.76 to 546.5 cm{sup 3} (median, 21.5). Late toxicity was assessed according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Mean follow-up time was 62.0 months and all patients were followed for >6 months. Results: Six patients presented with tumor recurrence and 6 patients died during follow-up, of which 4 of tumor progression. Five-year actuarial local control and overall survival rates were 84.8% and 81.8%, respectively, for the entire cohort and 100% for benign histology. Cumulative 5-year Grade {>=}3 late toxicity-free survival was 84.5%. On univariate analysis, LC was negatively influenced by WHO grade (p = 0.001), GTV (p = 0.013), and male gender (p = 0.058). Conclusions: PT is a safe and effective treatment for patients with untreated, recurrent, or incompletely resected intracranial meningiomas. WHO grade and tumor volume was an adverse prognostic factor for local control.

Weber, Damien C., E-mail: damien.weber@unige.ch [Radiation Oncology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva (Switzerland); Schneider, Ralf; Goitein, Gudrun; Koch, Tamara; Ares, Carmen; Geismar, Jan H.; Schertler, Andreas; Bolsi, Alessandra; Hug, Eugen B. [Center for Proton Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institute, Viligen (Switzerland)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Sexual Vines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sexual Vines Sexual Vines Name: Terry Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I purchased two celastrus scanden vines two years ago; they have grown enormously but have not produced the berries I wanted for my winter garden. I have either two males or two females I suppose. Both produced very tiny tiny sprays of flowers ... how do I tell if these are male or female? I am trying to avoid the expense of buying another set of male and female plants. Your help will be appreciated. Replies: Dear Terry, Both male and female vines need to be grown if fruit is desired. The following may be helpful: http://www.msue.msu.edu/msue/imp/modop/00000311.html http://www.bbg.org/NYMF/encyclopedia/cel/cel0030a.htm http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/poison/Celassc.htm http://www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/celastrusspp.htm

369

VERTEBRATES OF FISH LAKE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VERTEBRATES OF FISH LAKE CAUTION! FISH LAKE SCAVANGER HUNT RED HEADED in large dead trees. Males and females both have the majestic red head the mound. Damselflies sit with their wings folded down, which differs them

Minnesota, University of

370

San Jose Scale Management in Peaches--Bill Shane, Michigan State Uni-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and entire trees if left uncon- trolled. A characteristic, red halo-like discoloration often forms around May to late June tiny 2- winged adult males emerge to mate with females still under its grey, circular

371

The Waxwings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from something not found in any other family of birds. Usually, on the tips of the inner wing feathers of both males and females, there are shiny red appendages like blobs of...

372

Costing Cairo: An Annotated Bibiliography of the Cost Literature on ICPD Programme of Action Components in Sub-Saharan Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effectiveness of Intergrating RTI/HIV Serices with Clinic-Female (Women) Male (Men) RTI STD STI CYP Reproductive TractZNFPC) on feasibility of adding RTI diagnosis & treatment to

Fraser, Ashley; Green, Russell; Dunbar, Megan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Journal of Fish Biology (2011) 79, 194204 doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2011.03009.x, available online at wileyonlinelibrary.com  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Freshwater Flake mixed with Ocean Star International Spirulina Flake food twice daily until that by exhibiting a preference for the 38-mm females, males may decrease costs associated with mating with Amazon

Upchurch, Gary - Department of Biology, Texas State University

374

Cockroaches:Fact or Fiction? /// COCKROACH COntROl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:Can female cockroaches reproduce without males? A:Cockroaches, like many other ani- mals (e.g., chicken), can common associates of cockroaches? A:Symbiotic intracellular bacteroids within bacteriocytes (fat body

375

Identification of avian W-linked contigs by short-read sequencing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: The female-specific W chromosomes and male-specific Y chromosomes have proven difficult to assemble with whole-genome shotgun methods, creating a demand for new approaches to identify sequence contigs specific ...

Chen, Nancy

376

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0.00% White Male (W,M) 15 13 -13.33% White Female (W,F) 8 6 -25.00% Change DIVERSITY Change Savannah River Field Office As of September 26, 2013 TOTAL WORKFORCE Change...

377

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0.00% White Male (W,M) 85 71 -16.47% White Female (W,F) 33 30 -9.09% Change DIVERSITY Change NNSA Production Office (NPO) As of September 26, 2013 TOTAL WORKFORCE Change...

378

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

White Male (W,M) 389 400 2.83% White Female (W,F) 21 19 -9.52% Change DIVERSITY Change Assistant Deputy Administrator for Secure Transportation (NA-15) As of...

379

Office of Civil Rights, NNSA, NA 1.2, Albuquerque Complex  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2 Snap-shot, changes from Fiscal Year 2009 to Fiscal Year 2010, 4 Personnel by Percentage, 6 Comparisons to Other Workforces and the Civilian Labor Force, 7 Male and Female...

380

Method of installing subsurface barrier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems, components, and methods relating to subterranean containment barriers. Laterally adjacent tubular casings having male interlock structures and multiple female interlock structures defining recesses for receiving a male interlock structure are used to create subterranean barriers for containing and treating buried waste and its effluents. The multiple female interlock structures enable the barriers to be varied around subsurface objects and to form barrier sidewalls. The barrier may be used for treating and monitoring a zone of interest.

Nickelson, Reva A. (Shelley, ID); Richardson, John G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kostelnik, Kevin M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Sloan, Paul A. (Rigby, ID)

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Nuclear worries of Canadian youth: Replication and extension  

SciTech Connect

A national survey of Canadian adolescents assessed concern, anxiety, and sources of information about the threat of nuclear war. Results indicated few geographical or gender differences in overall levels of concern, although females were more likely to admit fear and anxiety, and students with activist parents showed more concern. Family ranked below all media as a source of information.

Lewis, C.; Goldberg, S.; Parker, K.R. (Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton (Canada))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and multi-variable models for each survey. Results In 2006, increased net use was associated with: age 25-49 years (adjusted (a) OR = 1.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-1.7) compared to children U5; female gender (aOR = 1.4; 95% CI 1.2-1.5); fewer nets...

Graves, Patricia M; Ngondi, Jeremiah M; Hwang, Jimee; Getachew, Asefaw; Gebre, Teshome; Mosher, Aryc W; Patterson, Amy E; Shargie, Estifanos B; Tadesse, Zerihun; Wolkon, Adam; Reithinger, Richard; Emerson, Paul M; Richards, Frank O Jr

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

383

Cottony cushion scale, Icerya purchasi, can infest a number of woody orna-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of trees. The minute red-winged male is rarely seen, and females don't need to mate to reproduce young contains 600 to 800 red eggs and may become two to three times as long as the body of the female are red with black legs and antennae. They settle along leaf veins and begin to produce the white cottony

Hammock, Bruce D.

384

SETL for Internet Data Processing David Bacon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-accessing features: courtship, ornaments, and chasing. Female X. nigrensis prefer males of large or intermediate size.31 (Presens) and Loliresp (LoligoSystems) software control programs. The flush pump was used to remove. The courtship behaviors of large and intermediate sized males can include a number of behaviors including

Mohri, Mehryar

385

Influence of Diet on Performance Parameters, Intestinal Lesion Development, and Oocyst Cycling in Live Oocyst Vaccinated Replacement Broiler Breeders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two consecutive experiments were conducted to evaluate the influence of dietary composition, specifically protein and amino acid profile, on performance parameters, oocyst output, and lesion development in male and female replacement broiler breeders of two different genetic lines vaccinated with a live coccidiosis vaccine. Dietary formulations were based on either breeder specific recommendations or formulations of a broiler integrator. On day 28, males of each genetic line were added to female pens to evaluate the effect of co-mingling on male performance. Lesion assessment was performed on three separate occasions per each experiment. Fecal material was collected to determine oocyst cycling patterns. During experiment 1, flock uniformity was improved (P less than/equal to 0.05) in Line A males fed the integrator diet. Increased body weight and improved uniformity of Line B females was observed with the breeder recommended diet. Co-mingling negatively impacted (P less than/equal to 0.05) male body weight. Multiple oocyst peaks were observed in both genetic lines, with the first peak occurring at approximately 16 to 18 days post placement. This first peak tended to have the highest observed magnitude and corresponded with the highest level of intestinal lesions observed during the experiment. In experiment 2, diet impacted (P less than/equal to 0.05) average body weight in Line A males, Line B males, and Line B females. Line A males fed the breeder recommended diet had increased (P less than/equal to 0.05) body weight at the termination of the experiment. Line B males and females fed the breeder recommended diet had increased (P less than/equal to 0.05) body weights throughout the experiment beginning on day 7. Negative effects (P less than/equal to 0.05) on male body weight resulting from co-mingling were observed. Oocyst peaks were delayed and at a lower magnitude in both genetic lines compared to peaks observed in experiment 1. Dietary interactions were observed in both experiments where magnitude of peak, duration of oocyst output, and severity of lesion development was influenced by diet in both male and female genetic lines. These data indicate that co-mingling negatively impacts male performance and dietary composition can impact male and female performance, oocyst cycling, and lesion development during coccidiosis vaccination in replacement broiler breeders and should be taken into consideration when rearing replacement broiler breeders.

Oden, Leslee Ann

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Photovoltaic module kit including connector assembly for non-penetrating array installation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A PV module kit for non-penetrating rooftop installation, including a plurality of PV modules and a plurality of connectors. Each of the PV modules includes a PV laminate and a frame forming a mounting region assembled thereto. The connectors include a male connector having a male fastener extending from a head, and a female connector having a female fastener assembled within a head. The heads are entirely formed of plastic. The kit provides a mounted array state including a junction at which the mounting region of at least two of the PV modules are aligned and interconnected by engagement of the male connector with the female connector. The so-formed junction is substantially electrically insulated. The plurality of connectors can further include a spacer connector including a head forming a bore sized to slidably receive the male fastener, with all of the connector heads being identical.

Botkin, Jonathan (El Cerrito, CA); Graves, Simon (Berkeley, CA); Danning, Matt (Oakland, CA); Culligan, Matthew (Berkeley, CA)

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

387

Photovoltaic module kit including connector assembly for non-penetrating array installation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A PV module kit for non-penetrating rooftop installation, including a plurality of PV modules and a plurality of connectors. Each of the PV modules includes a PV laminate and a frame forming a mounting region assembled thereto. The connectors include a male connector having a male fastener extending from a head, and a female connector having a female fastener assembled within a head. The heads are entirely formed of plastic. The kit provides a mounted array state including a junction at which the mounting region of at least two of the PV modules are aligned and interconnected by engagement of the male connector with the female connector. The so-formed junction is substantially electrically insulated. The plurality of connectors can further include a spacer connector including a head forming a bore sized to slidably receive the male fastener, with all of the connector heads being identical.

Botkin, Jonathan; Graves, Simon; Danning, Matt; Culligan, Matthew

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

388

The power of the ideology of gender equality and the limitations of state bureaucracy : paradoxes in the institutionalization of gender equality policies in South Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1994. Women of Japan and Korea : Continuity and Changeof Democratization in South Korea. New York: PalgraveState Policy on Women in Korea (1962-79). Ph.D. dissertation

Cho, Se-Hyun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Male Development Male Development Name: Kurt Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: Brazil Date: Spring 2012 Question: I heard that the male fetus has to go through stages to definitely become a male - that all fetuses are initially female, and that only after 8 weeks does the male fetus develop testicles, and that after that, I understand there are 3 more stages of development for the fetus to go through before definitely becoming male. What are these stages? Replies: Embryos are male or female from the moment of conception because they have either XX or XY chromosomes. But they don't start to develop their sexual phenotypes for about 6-8 weeks. Embryos have two nonspecific gonads and two sets of nonspecific tubes. If there is a Y chromosome, a gene called SRY turns on around 6-8 weeks and starts male development. The nonspecific gonads become testes and the tubes become the vas deferens. It causes the second set of tubes to degenerate. It also causes the testes to begin secreting testosterone which also adds to the masculine phenotype. There is a step by step process that happens. If there is a block in the process everything stops there. So some parts could develop and others not.For instance, internal structures might develop but external not. This would result in an ambiguous phenotype which may be mistaken for a female.

390

Serum concentrations of cortisol induced by exogenous adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) are not predictive of residual feed intake (RFI) in Brahman cattle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identification of feed efficient cattle by determination of residual feed intake (RFI) of individual animals is both laborious and expensive (negative RFI value=efficient; positive RFI value=inefficient). A less costly method to predict RFI is needed. Knott et al. reported that rams with poor feed efficiency (positive RFI values) are more responsive to exogenous adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH); thus, we tested the hypothesis that response to an ACTH challenge in Brahman cattle is directly associated with RFI. Brahman bulls (n=12) (390±19 kg BW) and heifers (n=12) (334±12 kg BW), age 15±1 mon, with established RFI values were used. To establish RFI, after the calves were weaned, they were evaluated in separate 70 d test periods for each gender during which the animals were limit fed (2.65% BW/d) in a Calan gate feeding system. The 6 lowest and 6 highest ranking of each gender, males and females, respectively, were used to assess cortisol response to exogenous ACTH, total n = 24. Blood samples were taken via indwelling jugular catheter every 15 min from 3 h prior to challenge through 4 h after challenge at time 0 h with ACTH (0.1 IU/kg BW). Serum concentrations of cortisol were determined by radioimmunoassay using Coat-A-Count kits (intra-assay variation of 7.7% and inter-assay variation of 7.6%). Data were analyzed using GLM specific for repeated measures. Cortisol concentrations were affected by time (P0.10). Basal cortisol concentrations (M=7±1; F=14±2 ng/ml), peak cortisol concentrations (M=37±3; F=64±4 ng/ml), amplitude of responses (M=31±3; F=49±4 ng/ml), and area under the curves pre-challenge (M=189±30; F=414±60 ng/ml•h) differed (Pdata indicate that cortisol response to an ACTH challenge is not a useful predictor of RFI in Brahman cattle. However, a sexual dimorphism in the cortisol response to an ACTH challenge was detected in Brahman cattle.

Agado, Bryan Joseph

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

391

An analysis of factors that influence community college students' attitudes toward technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study investigated the factors that influence community college students' attitudes toward technology, particularly in teaching and learning experiences. Studies on post-secondary students' attitudes reported in the literature are limited. Factors cited previously as having an effect on attitudes towards technology and toward computers included: gender; age; presence of a computer in the home; completion of a formal technology course; and comfort with technology. The subjects in this study were 372 students in freshman level credit English classes in the five colleges of the North Harris Montgomery Community College District located in the greater metropolitan Houston area. Previous research instruments and studies to measure students' attitudes toward technology were reviewed. A modified version of the Secondary Students Attitudes' Toward Technology (SSATT) was developed for this study because of the content, reliability, and applicability to the postsecondary population. The instrument was administered in the spring of 2005. The fact that 95.4% of the participants reported having a computer at home and that 70.2% reported having had a formal technology class provided insight into the integration of technology in the lives of this community college sample. A correlation matrix of all variables and analysis of variance were performed. Factor analyses were performed to identify subcomponents of the instrument. Eight factors were identified: (1) need for technology competence, (2) technology benefits, (3) negative aspects of technology, (4) technology and the workplace, (5) impact of increased use of technology, (6) video games, (7) technology and job creation, and (8) technology and safety. A conclusion of the study was that neither age nor gender had a significant effect on the post-secondary students' attitudes toward technology, which differs from the findings in some of the previous studies. Females reported being as comfortable, if not more so, with technology in teaching and learning experiences as the males in the study. Exposure to technology, completion of a formal technology class, and the use of computers appeared to positively affect community college students' attitudes toward technology.

Fleming, Kathleen Literski

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Relationship between blood manganese and blood pressure in the Korean general population according to KNHANES 2008  

SciTech Connect

Introduction: We present data on the association of manganese (Mn) level with hypertension in a representative sample of the adult Korean population who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008. Methods: This study was based on the data obtained by KNHANES 2008, which was conducted for three years (2007-2009) using a rolling sampling design involving a complex, stratified, multistage, probability-cluster survey of a representative sample of the noninstitutionalized civilian population of South Korea. Results: Multiple regression analysis after controlling for covariates, including gender, age, regional area, education level, smoking, drinking status, hemoglobin, and serum creatinine, showed that the beta coefficients of log blood Mn were 3.514, 1.878, and 2.517 for diastolic blood pressure, and 3.593, 2.449, and 2.440 for systolic blood pressure in female, male, and all participants, respectively. Multiple regression analysis including three other blood metals, lead, mercury, and cadmium, revealed no significant effects of the three metals on blood pressure and showed no effect on the association between blood Mn and blood pressure. In addition, doubling the blood Mn increased the risk of hypertension 1.828, 1.573, and 1.567 fold in women, men, and all participants, respectively, after adjustment for covariates. The addition of blood lead, mercury, and cadmium as covariates did not affect the association between blood Mn and the prevalence of hypertension. Conclusion: Blood Mn level was associated with an increased risk of hypertension in a representative sample of the Korean adult population. - Highlights: {yields} We showed the association of manganese with hypertension in Korean population. {yields} This study was based on the data obtained by KNHANES 2008. {yields} Blood manganese level was associated with an increased risk of hypertension.

Lee, Byung-Kook [Institute of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Soonchunhyang University 646 Eupnae-ri, Shinchang-myun, Asan-si, Choongnam 336-745 (Korea, Republic of)] [Institute of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Soonchunhyang University 646 Eupnae-ri, Shinchang-myun, Asan-si, Choongnam 336-745 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yangho, E-mail: yanghokm@nuri.net [Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 290-3 Cheonha-Dong, Dong-Gu, Ulsan 682-060 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 290-3 Cheonha-Dong, Dong-Gu, Ulsan 682-060 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

An analysis of tissues for total PCB and planar PCB concentrations in marine mammals stranded along the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New methods developed in this study based upon extracting blubber by the maceration of the tissue in methylene chloride and subjecting the resulting extract to gel-permeation chromatography, provided a quick, reliable alternative to classical extraction and separation methods used for analysis of organochlorine residues in marine mammal tissues. Due to the lipophilic nature of PCBS, tissues high in lipid content, such as blubber and melon, give the best estimation of total body burden for the contaminants analyzed. Toxic Equivalents (TEQS) and baseline concentrations of total and planar PCBs in Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) which stranded along the Gulf of Mexico were determined in this study. The data suggests that concentrations of total PCBs and planar PCBs are not correlated, hence samples must be analyzed for both compounds in comprehensive studies. In the present study, PCB levels were statistically similar in 3 marine mammal species investigated (T. truncates, Stenella sp. , and Peponocephala electra). There appeared to be little correlation between PCB concentrations and stranding condition, stranding location or stranding year; however, a strong correlation was observed between the levels of PCBS, and the maturity and gender of the specimens analyzed. Male bottlenose dolphins accumulate PCBs throughout their lives as they mature, while females dolphins, once sexually mature, offload much of their body burdens of PCBs to their calves both transplacentally and through lactation. This trend would suggest that PCBs can be used as a chemical tracer in evaluating some biological and reproductive parameters of this species. Finally, preferential distribution of PCBs in different body blubber areas of T. truncatus was not observed in this study. This observation is possibly due to the homogeneous distribution of lipids in the thin blubber layer of these animals.

Davis, Joseph W.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Car Sharing within Households –  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this paper was to analyse two activities: who rents a car and why? Which households share the driving of their cars? In order to do that, the Parc-Auto (Car-Fleet) database, built from annual postal surveys conducted with a panel of 10,000 French households, has been processed. Among approximately one hundred questions in the survey, two key questions have been crossed against many social, economic, demographic, geographic or time variables. KQ1: “During the last 12 months, did you — or another person from your home — rent a car in France for personal purposes? ” KQ2: “Is this car occasionally used by other persons?” Here are the main findings. Renting households are mainly working, high income households, living in the core of big cities, and in particular in Paris. Most of them have two wage-sheets and two cars, one of which is generally a recent, high power, high quality car. Car rental is mainly an occasional practice. Yet for a minority of renters, it is a sustained habit. Households with more licence holders than cars share the most: about three quarters of them share their cars. On the contrary, single driver-single car households have less opportunity to share: only 15 % share. Household car sharing shed light on the gender role within households: while 58 % of the main users of the shared cars are male, 55 % of secondary users are female. Household car sharing is mainly a regular practice. Finally, without diminishing the merits of innovative transport solutions proposed here and there, it is not a waste of time to give some insight on self established behaviour within households. This reveals that complex patterns have been built over time by the people themselves, to cope with diverse situations that cannot be easily handled by straightforward classifications. The car cannot be reduced to a personal object. Household car sharing also carries strong links with the issue of car dependency. Sifting car availability and choice

Francis Papon; Laurent Hivert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Adult education, popular culture, and women's identity development: self-directed learning with The Avengers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of popular culture, especially prime-time television, on women learner-viewers’ identity development. More specifically, this study explores one specific television show, the 1962-64 Cathy Gale episodes of The Avengers as a portal to adult learning. It further explores the ways in which television, as a form of public pedagogy, can help facilitate the formation of a critical or feminist identity among adult learner viewers. The research questions guiding this study were: 1) How and what did women learn from watching The Avengers? 2) How did women incorporate that learning into their lives and into their identities? and 3) How did women interpret and accommodate the feminist example of Cathy Gale? Data for this study was collected over a two-and-a-half year period. Data consisted of interviews with contemporaneous viewers of the Cathy Gale Avengers episodes, interviews with scriptwriters and the actor who played Cathy Gale, Honor Blackman, numerous documents from statistics obtained at the British Film Institute, fanzines, and newspaper articles of the period. Analysis revealed that in particular historical times and situations television viewing can become a form of public pedagogy, facilitating transformational learning in adult viewers that produces lasting, life-changing effects. The investigation revealed that not only did biologically-born women incorporate Cathy Gale’s feminist example into their identities and actions, but biologically born males whose core gender identity was female did also. This dissertation is written in article format. Each of the six sections has been designed as stand-alone pieces to aid accessibility and enhance readers’ engagement with the study.

Wright, Robin Redmon

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Introduction: changing lives and new challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a quarter of a century on? Two features of the UK economy stood out in the period around 1980: the move towards mass unemployment as the economy encountered fun- damental restructuring from heavy, male-dominated labour-intensive phys- ical production... , for example, shifts in gender equal- ity have been very uneven across ethnic groups, age and geographical regions, and often far slower than many of the conventional theories of human capital would suggest. The gender wage gap has proved stubborn and new pay...

Scott, Jacqueline; Dex, Shirley; Joshi, Heather; Purcell, Kate; Elias, Peter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Stable isotope assessment of temporal and geographic differences in feeding ecology of northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The feeding ecology of northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) and their primary prey was examined by analyzing their skin tissues for stable-carbon and nitrogen isotope content. The Pribilof Island northern fur seal population was designated as depleted in 1988 because their numbers were, and continue to be, below their optimum sustainable population. The primary cause for this decline is thought to be a decrease in their prey base in the eastern Bering Sea. Determination of fur seal feeding ecology is important so that disturbances in prey availability can be further studied. This study was able to augment current northern fur seal dietary knowledge using stable-carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis. Parturient and lactating female and juvenile male skin tissue and prey items were analyzed. Female and male tissues were collected in July, August and November, and July and August, 1997, respectively, from both St. Paul and St. George Islands. July/August samples represented spring migratory diet, while November samples illustrated breeding season diet. Females were found to be more enriched isotopically in ¹?N and ¹³C over juvenile males during their migration. November females on St. Paul island were enriched in ¹?N over July/August females, while St. George females were not significantly enriched. July/August females on St. George Island were more enriched in ¹³C over November females, while St. Paul females were not significantly enriched. There were no differences in ¹?N or ¹³C enrichment for migratory animals of the some sex traveling to either island, and there was no difference in ¹?N between islands for November females. There was a significant difference in ð¹³C values between islands for November females with St. Paul being more enriched. Prey analysis showed step-wise enrichments for two species and prey stable isotope values were compared to fur seal values for an estimation of dietary content. Females appear to be feeding at a higher trophic level and feeding more coastally than males during migration. Migratory females appear to be feeding more coastally than breeding season females.

Kurle, Carolyn Mary

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Gendering Intimate Partner Violence: an Analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Springer. Goetz, A. T. , Shackelford, T. K. , Schipper, L.Insults Scale (Goetz, Shackelford, Schipper, and Stewart-

Messinger, Adam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Solar-Based Rural Electrification and Micro-Enterprise Development in Latin America: A Gender Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Worldwide, an estimated 1.5 to 2 billion people do not have access to electricity, including 100 million in the Latin America region. Depending on the country, 30 to 90% of this unelectrified Latin American population lives in rural areas where geographic remoteness and low energy consumption patterns may preclude the extension of the conventional electricity grid. Women are heavily impacted by the energy scarcity given their role as primary energy procurers and users for the household, agricultural and small industrial subsectors in developing countries. As a result, women spend disproportionately more time engaged in energy-related activities like carrying water and searching for cooking fuel. This paper describes the use of decentralized renewable energy systems as one approach to meet the energy needs of rural areas in Latin America. It outlines the advantages of a decentralized energy paradigm to achieve international development goals, especially as they relate to women. The paper studies Enersol Associates, Inc.'s Solar-Based Rural Electrification model as an example of a decentralized energy program which has merged energy and development needs through the local involvement of energy entrepreneurs, non-governmental organizations and community members.

Smith, J.

2000-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

400

Gender, Bilingualism, and the Early Occupational Careers of Second-Generation Mexicans in the South  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brian. 2009. “Closing of Pilgrim’s Pride Dalton plant leadsnews/2009/apr/14/closing-pilgrims-pride-dalton- plant -

Hernandez-Leon, Ruben; Morando, Sarah J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Overlooking the Gender and Sexuality of a “Woman in Science” Physicist Lise Meitner in Weimar Berlin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

history of physics nuclear fission Weimar Berlin ElizabethBefore identifying nuclear fission as the cause of thethe discovery of nuclear fission by more than a year. This

Vogt, Elizabeth C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

JOURNAL OF WOMEN'S HEALTH & GENDER-BASED MEDICINE Volume 10, Number 1, 2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.D.,2 DIANA TAYLOR, Ph.D., R.N., F.A.A.N.,2 YEWOUBDAR BEYENE, Ph.D.,2 JOHN NEUHAUS, Ph.D.,2 and NANNY Natl Med Assoc 1997; 89:721. 13. Gavalier JS, Bonham-Leyba M, Castro CA, Harman SE. The Oklahoma

Bogyo, Matthew

403

Mainstreaming international governance: The environment, gender, and IO performance in the European Union  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy, which had major impacts on the environment, but over which environmental policy-makers exerted little influence (Jordan

Pollack, Mark A.; Hafner-Burton, Emilie M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Smoking and Ischemic Heart Disease Disparities Between Studies, Genders, Times, and Socioeconomic Strata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

predictors of coronary heart disease among women. Americanon the risk for coronary heart disease even stronger thanx Smoking and Ischemic Heart Disease Disparities Between

Leistikow, Bruce N.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

New York – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plaintiff’s Title VII claim Brass v. Hoberman, 295 F. Supp.the trial court. 124 Brass v. Hoberman, 295 F. Supp. 358 (city employment. Plaintiff Brass was denied employment by

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

His Strike, Her Fight: Gender Roles and Identity Formation in the Massillon War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

History of America's Bloody Coal Industry. 1st ed. New York:Andrew. A History of the Coal Miners of the United StatesCommunity in the Stark County Coal Mines, Life and work in

Sampson, Jason W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Local Laws and Government Policies Prohibiting Discrimination Based on Gender Identity in New York  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the County of Albany, New York Amending the Existing “ordinances, New York City and Albany, have human rights53 Four localities, Albany, New York City, Suffolk County,

Mallory, Christy; Liebowitz, Sarah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Gender Bias and The Indonesian Financial Crisis: Were Girls Hit Hardest?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Because of limited data in Irian Jaya and the secession byexcept East Timor and Irian Jaya and is therefore slightly

Levine, David I.; Ames, Minnie

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Gender, Science, and the Modern Woman: Futurism’s Strange Concoctions of Femininity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

identity bordering on the occult reappears in Rosà’s satiricirrationality, and the occult adopts Futurist tendenciesin the examination of the occult and the exaltation of the

Gomez, Carmen M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Do women represent women? : gender and policy in Argentina and Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy Category Civil Liberties Sex Incumbency Security International AffairsPolicy Categories Table 3.5 Overview of Regression Results from the Political and International AffairsPolicy Culture and Leisure Education Environment Group Rights and Special Protections Health Social Benefits Women, Children, and Family Politics Civil Liberties International Affairs

Piscopo, Jennifer M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Arizona – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

19 The Board must conduct an investigation of all statementsinvestigation by a regulatory board in Arizona or any other state for an act that constitutes unprofessional conduct.

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Texas – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the TWC-CRD will conduct an investigation if it believesconducts a preliminary review before accepting a charge. Once a charge is accepted, an investigation

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

The Global War on Terror: Race, Gender, and Empire After 9/11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003). The FBI can conduct investigations that are proactivegovernment agencies’ conduct in investigations. The mapping

Alimahomed, Sabrina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Gender conflict in Iran| A critique of human rights and conflict resolution.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This study investigates to what extent international human rights advocates and conflict resolvers are skilled and equipped to deal with situations such as the… (more)

Sepehrrad, Ramesh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

The Wikipedia Gender Gap Revisited: Characterizing Survey Response Bias with Propensity Score Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Opt-in surveys are the most widespread method used to study participation in online communities, but produce biased results in the absence of adjustments for non-response. A 2008 survey conducted by the Wikimedia Foundation ...

Hill, Benjamin Mako

416

A gendered view of computer professionals: preliminary results of a survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The under-representation of women in the computing profession in many parts the western world has received our attention through numerous publications, the noticeable low representation of women at computer science conferences and in the lecture halls. ...

Annemieke Craig; Rose Paradis; Eva Turner

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Texas – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C ODE A NN . § 6.204. TEXAS Williams Institute Employmentprotection clauses of the Texas Constitution. 110 Bailey v.caseDocket_stephens. TEXAS Williams Institute Employment

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Asian/American Bodies in Extremis: Gendering Power, Pleasure, and Nation through "Spectacular" Excess  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Erika Lust is Occupying Feminist Porn. ” Vice http://is-occupying-feminist-porn. (22 July 2012). Stud Hunters.Television. Williams, Linda. Porn Studies. Durham: Duke UP,

Knoll, Melissa Garcia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Exile vs. Exodus: Nationalism and Gendered Migration from Ukraine to Italy and California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

medical attention as a “Chernobyl baby” before applying forthey’ll go as far back as Chernobyl because they feel sorry

Solari, Cinzia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Gender Identity: Pending? Identity Development and Health Care Experiences of Transmasculine/Genderqueer Identified Individuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

informed consent) Organizational qualities Health insurancetrans-friendly organizational qualities, health insurancemodel, absence of organizational policies, health insurance

Schulz, Sarah L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Tension in Solidarity: Race, Gender, and National Identity in Katherine Dunham’s Southland  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2005. 345-363.WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2005. 364-381. ---. “WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2005. Cole, Johnnetta

Timmons, Michele

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Cultured men, uncultured women : an exploration of the gendered hierarchy of taste governing Afghan radio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After years of strict bans on the media, local radio in post-Taliban Afghanistan is undergoing an intense period of reconstruction. This thesis uses a multi-sited ethnographic investigation to examine local Afghan radio's ...

Kamal, Sarah

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Assessing the Effects of Gender and Education on the Influence of Menu Labels Among Latino Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increased Energy Intake in a Restaurant Meal**. Obesity, 12(Energy Intake in a Restaurant Meal. Obesity Research, 12(3),Adolescent fast food and restaurant ordering behavior with

Martinez-Cardoso, Aresha Maree

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Michigan – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

affirmed. Pettway v. Detroit Jud. Council, No. 226616, 2002to the Mack v. City of Detroit, 243 Mich. App. 132 (Mich.Employees Pettway v. Detroit Jud. Council, No. 226616, 2002

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Gender Roles and Activities Among the Rural Poor Households: Case Studies from Hill Villages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Therefore, social stratification is imperative and valuable to any social system (parsons, Davis More quoted by Pathy, 1987). Dahrendorf and Bottomore severely criticized the functionalist approach for over emphasizing consensus and considering... of the households. REFERENCES Archarya, Meena and Lynn, Bennett. 1981 The Status of Women in Nepal, Kathmandn CEDA. Ember, C and Melvin Ember J990 Anthropology, Prentice-Hall, Delhi. 82 Occasional Papers Haralumbus, M, 1997 Sociology Theme and Perspectives, Oxford...

Pokharel, Binod

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Playing and Passing: Expressions of Identity and the Destabilization of Gender Construction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Space: A Statement from Michigan Womyn's Music Festival. ”Morris, Bonnie J. “At the Michigan Womyn's Music Fest. ” TheMorris, “At the Michigan”). Stages are the heart of Michigan

Palmore, Kim J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Michigan – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 (Department of Treasury, Michigan Higher Education Studentat *2. 73 Id. at *16. MICHIGAN Williams Institute Employment62-91, § 1, 11-4-91). MICHIGAN Williams Institute Employment

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Gender and Asset Dimensions of Seasonal Water Insecurity in Urban Philippines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal water insecurity is a social and climate-related problem of growing concern in many urban areas. From 2000 to 2050, the global urban population affected by seasonal water shortage is projected to increase from 312 million to 1.3 billion. ...

Lisa Reyes Mason

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Aging in Place: Smith, Media Texts and the Invisible Gendered Caregiver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Timonen. 2007. Home Care for Aging Populations. Northampton,and John A Krout. 2004. ?Aging in Place in Different HousingFederal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics. 2008.

Storelli, Elizangela

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Idaho – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cards: Owners Of Several Idaho Hallmark Stores Won't Sellv. McGriff, 99 P.3d 111 (Idaho 2004). Id. at 648. 65 Id. 66J. Kidwell, dissenting). IDAHO Williams Institute Employment

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

of LaborGender Wage-Productivity Differentials and Global Integration in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of IZA. Research published in this series may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The IZA research network is committed to the IZA Guiding Principles of Research Integrity. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science, politics and business. IZA is an independent nonprofit organization supported by Deutsche Post Foundation. The center is associated with the University of Bonn and offers a stimulating research environment through its international network, workshops and conferences, data service, project support, research visits and doctoral program. IZA engages in (i) original and internationally competitive research in all fields of labor economics, (ii) development of policy concepts, and (iii) dissemination of research results and concepts to the interested public. IZA Discussion Papers often represent preliminary work and are circulated to encourage discussion. Citation of such a paper should account for its provisional character. A revised version may be available directly from the author. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7159

Ana C. Dammert; Beyza Ural Marchand; Chi Wan; Ana C. Dammert; Beyza Ural Marchand; Chi Wan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Perceptions of quality of life: gender differences across the life course  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the purchasing power of citizens does not auto- matically increase their sense of well- being, there is new interest in how quality of life is perceived. If it is not merely money and good health that matters, then what else is important for the ‘good life... Indicators Research, 76(3), 343–466. Taylor, M.F., J. Brice, N. Buck and E. Prentice- Lane (eds) (2007), British Household Panel Survey User Manual Volume A: Introduction, Technical Report and Appendices, Colchester: University of Essex. Thomas, W.I. and D...

Scott, Jacqueline; Plagnol, Anke C.; Nolan, Jane

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

California – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oral copulation. The lower court and the appellate court upheld the school board‘board of a public school after he was arrested on a college campus for the crime of engaging in oral

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Texas – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

municipality, state agency or state instrumentality. ” See THealth Care Services, a state agency. The court found that “cases for other state agencies. 71 One of the functions of

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Connecticut – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it is unlawful for any state agency to discriminate on theorientation. Additionally, state agencies may not permitand (2) forbidding state agencies from permitting sex

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Virginia – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

court for enforcement of the Vermont order. J.R.V. v. A.O.V,in Virginia, and traveled to Vermont to enter into a civilof the civil union in Vermont family court. As part of the

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Vermont – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1204(b); Civil Unions in Vermont are defined in V.S.A. tit.V.S.A. §§ 9700- 18 V.S.A. § 5075. VERMONT Williams InstituteReport G. Parenting Vermont law permits any person,

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Gender and Japanese Immigrants to Peru, 1899 through World War II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

leave her home province of Fukushima and go to Peru with her9, 2005 Mikie Nagaoka de Fukushima, June 1, 2005 Cristinabehavior. Mikie Nagaoka de Fukushima’s 1935 'picture bride'

Moore, Stephanie C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Folia Geobotanica 42: 401410, 2007 GENDER-RELATED DEVELOPMENTAL INSTABILITY AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) is one of four in this collection made of looped wool yarn (chenille). These patches were made old stock samples. This collection serves to preserve the history of the Forest School patch. A more

Inbar, Moshe

440

Introduction: what’s new about gender inequalities in the 21st century?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.9 65.0 64.3 69.7 4.3 Norway 26.1 58.4 73.4 88.1 13.4 Sweden 38.1 67.6 72.1 76.2 12.1 Anglo- Saxon UK 43.1 54.5 65.2 79.3 5.2 Mediterranean Greece 30.7 40.4 70.2 ?19.6 Italy 28.1 33.2 39.7 68.5 ?20.3 Spain 21.0 28.4 40.3 70.3 ?19.7 Rest of Europe Austria...

Scott, Jacqueline; Crompton, Rosemary; Lyonette, Clare

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Carnaval, Samba Schools and the Negotiation of Gendered Identities in São Paulo, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bradford. A History of Brazil. New York: Columbia UniversityAlexander (orgs. ). Brazil: Portrait of Half a Continent.Bahian carnival music in Brazil. ” World of Music, Vol. 35,

Brunet, Carla Sacon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The Mythogenesis of Gender: Judicial Images of Women in Paid and Unpaid Work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LAW JOURNAL [Vol. 6:457 AFDC would not actually receivethat 87.6% of children on AFDC are living with a singlea 1936 study (one year after AFDC was enacted as part of the

Brown, Judith Olans; Williams, Lucy A.; Baumann, Phyllis Tropper

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Colorado – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

See infra Section III.A.2. COLORADO Williams Instituteof the Legislative Council of Colorado General Assembly, AnO . 369, 9-12 (1992). COLORADO Williams Institute Employment

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

'Class'ifying Ethnicity/Race and Gender: An Intersectional Critique of Bachelor's Degree Completion Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

does not) for college success: Toward a new interdisciplinary perspective. Higher Education: Handbook

Lundy-Wagner, Valerie C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Stree Mukti Sanghatana : exploring the work of an Indian NGO through gender, economy, and civil society  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learning how to use multiple tools to develop a rich and complex base of knowledge is at the core of the planning profession. While it is easy to acknowledge the importance of such integration in the development of a ...

Gross, Anna Gaffney

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Gender modifies the relationship between social networks and smoking among adults in Seoul, South Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adults in Seoul, South Korea John W. Ayers • C. Richardbehaviors in Seoul, South Korea, where smoking is commonKyonggi-Do, Republic of Korea H. -Y. Paik Department of Food

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Local Laws and Government Policies Prohibiting Discrimination Based on Gender Identity in New York  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of complaints,” but the order does not specify the remediesdoes not explicitly provide for attorney’s fees. Executive Order

Mallory, Christy; Liebowitz, Sarah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Utah – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

17 The executive order does not mention prohibition against19 The executive order does not mention prohibition againstby an executive order that does not address the issue. Local

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Florida – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General Opinions Executive Orders Florida does not have anyGovernor Crist Does Not Issue Executive Order Requested byAct. (The Final Order from the Commission does not provide

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

The Global War on Terror: Race, Gender, and Empire After 9/11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the second largest oil reserve in the world. Through anin securing control over the oil reserves in the Middle Eastglobal control over the oil reserves within the Middle East

Alimahomed, Sabrina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

New Mexico – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retirement. 100 Under the New Mexico Retiree Health CareRedacted] v. State of New Mexico Juvenile JusticeDivision, New Mexico Department of Labor, Human Rights

Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Preaching Sex: Gender and Official Church Discourses in Mexico City, 1720-1875  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

y Ex-Provincial de esta Provincia de Santiago de México (Mexico City: Imprenta de la Biblioteca Mexicana, 1774); Juande N. S. P. S. Francisco de México el dia 3 de Mayo de 1775

Witschorik II, Charles Arthur

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Textual Harassment: A New Historicist Reappraisal of the Parol Evidence With Gender in Mind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the Common Law 1. Coke’s Efforts 2. Portia’s Effortsat 281: “Traitors’ names, Coke writes in the margin of hisconfides in his kinsman. Coke examines other witnesses…[

Keren, Hila

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Holy Mother of Chiri Mountain: A Female Mountain Spirit in Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was highly popular with pilgrims throughout the Chos?n dy-su witnessed several groups of pilgrims travelling to theon the custom of local pilgrim- ages to Chiri Mountain and

Stiller, Maya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

I used to be gifted: case studies of lost potential among adolescent females  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This case study focuses on the influence of certain sociocultural factors on the ability of adolescent girls to fulfill their potentials. Specifically, the purpose of this research is to advance an alternative perspective on the relationship between the sociocultural influences of friendship, mother/daughter relationship, school experience, and body image and a loss of potential among adolescent girls from a historical, poststructural, postmodern-feminist perspective. The dissertation is presented in the form of narrative from both the authorÂ?s and girlsÂ? and womenÂ?s perspectives in order to seek a rich and thick description. Throughout the study, the author integrates moments from her own journey during adolescence with the young girls and their mothers or grandmothers encountering the oftentimes overwhelming negative sociocultural challenges existing today. The data consist of interviews with four girls and four women; interviews with two school personnel; and observations covering 7 weeks of guided discussion groups. Personal stories are closely examined with current and in-depth research to produce valuable insight and recommendations linking sociocultural factors and potentiality among adolescent girls. In general, these data contribute to an existing body of knowledge as well as advance educational theory regarding adolescent girls and potentiality. Moreover, these findings bolster the argument that, although realistic approaches to create necessary change require a certain resignation to the forces that exist within our culture, educational psychologists will increase the disciplineÂ?s impact on students by conducting comprehensive research that creates and supports genuine efforts to teach girls effective strategies on ways to not relinquish control to relentless, disingenuous sociocultural pressures. The case study indicates that, although many positive gains have been made to support young girls, there remain many obstacles as well.

McDonnell, Virginia Maurer

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Berries Bittersweet: Visual Representations of Black Female Sexuality in Contemporary American Pornography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

within the industry as the “big cock market” i.e. the blackanal series, How’s that Big Cock Gonna Fit in My Ass? “ [f]the market power of the “big cock market” of interracial

Cruz, Ariane Renee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Questions and Answers About Female Breast Cancer What is Breast Cancer?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the radiation from a mammogram? Should I worry about this? Data from the atomic bomb survivors and other groups. The single most effective way a woman can detect early breast cancer is through routine mammography medical history · Physical exam which includes palpation of the breast and nearby lymph nodes · Imaging

458

Berries Bittersweet: Visual Representations of Black Female Sexuality in Contemporary American Pornography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

so-called tube sites or DIY (do it yourself) tube sites (for amateur and do-it-yourself (DIY) pornographers enablingfor non-professional and/or DIY pornographers, while the

Cruz, Ariane Renee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Incidence of female breast cancer among atomic bomb survivors, 1950-1985  

SciTech Connect

An incidence survey among atomic bomb survivors identified 807 breast cancer cases, and 20 second breast cancers. As in earlier surveys of the Life Span Study population, a strongly linear radiation dose response was found, with the highest dose-specific excess relative risk (ERR) among survivors under 20 years old at the time of the bombings. Sixty-eight of the cases were under 10 years old at exposure, strengthening earlier reports of a marked excess risk associated with exposure during infancy and childhood. A much lower, but marginally significant, dose response was seen among women exposed at 40 years and older. It was not possible, however to discriminate statistically between age at exposure and age at observation for risk as the more important determinant of ERR per unit dose. A 13-fold ERR at 1 Sv was found for breast cancer occurring before age 35, compared to a 2-fold excess after age 35, among survivors exposed before age 20. This a posteriori finding, based on 27 exposed, known-dose, early-onset cases, suggests the possible existence of a susceptible genetics subgroup. Further studies, involving family histories of cancer and investigations at the molecular level, are suggested to determine whether such a subgroup exists. 41 refs., 5 figs., 10 tabs.

Tokunaga, Masayoshi [Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima (Japan)]|[Kagoshima Municipal Hospital (Japan); Land, C.E. [National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (United States)]|[Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima (Japan); Tokuoka, Shoji; Akiba, Suminori [Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima (Japan); Nishimori, Issei; Soda, Midori [Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Nagasaki (Japan)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

A QTL analysis of female variation contributing to refractoriness and sperm competition in Drosophila melanogaster.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

single-marker analysis. CIM results indicate a contributionSecond chromosome Fig. 5. CIM linkage groups that containThird chromosome Fig. 4. CIM linkage groups containing

Lawniczak, Mara K N; Begun, David J

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Amphetamine effects on startle gating in normal women and female rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nucleus accumbens (NAC) catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT)low activity to the enzyme catechol-O-methyl transferase (

Talledo, Jo A.; Sutherland Owens, Ashley N.; Schortinghuis, Tijmen; Swerdlow, Neal R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

17?-Estradiol Prevents Early-Stage Atherosclerosis in Estrogen Receptor-Alpha Deficient Female Mice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E 2 have been demonstrated for catechol estrogens (estrogensconverted to catechol estro- gens via oxidation) where

Villablanca, Amparo C.; Tenwolde, Amy; Lee, Michael; Huck, Melissa; Mumenthaler, Shannon; Rutledge, John C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

An updated catalogue of salivary gland transcripts in the adult female mosquito, Anopheles gambiae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1993). The salivary catechol oxidase/peroxidase activitiesof the salivary peroxidase/catechol oxidase of the mosquitoas a vasodilator by its catechol-oxidase activity (Ribeiro

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Berries Bittersweet: Visual Representations of Black Female Sexuality in Contemporary American Pornography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smith, Seth. The Big Book of Porn: A Penetrating Look at theUncensored Oral History of the Porn Film Industry. New York:Press, 1993. Alice Walker, “Porn” in You Can’t Keep a Good

Cruz, Ariane Renee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

An updated catalogue of salivary gland transcripts in the adult female mosquito, Anopheles gambiae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an epidemiologic tool in Lyme disease research. Am. J.in the saliva of the Lyme disease tick vector Ixodes

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Plant-based lipid blends can completely replace menhaden fish oil in female white  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

45 Flax Canola Corn100% Fish Dietary 18:2n-6 (% total FAME) Dietary 18:2n-6 (% total FAME) 33% Squid 66% Squid 100% Squid 0 15 30 45 0 15 30 45 Flax Canola Corn Dietary 18:2n-6 (% total FAME) Dietary 18

467

Explaining Changes in Female Labour Supply in a Life-cycle Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

frqwuryhuvldo lv xqghuvwdqglqj wkh gdwd rq zdjh sur#31;ohv/ rq ghsuhfldwlrq ri kxpdq fdslwdo dqg rq wkh xqghuo|lqj txhvwlrq ri zk| sduwlflsdwlrq kdv fkdqjhg1 Plqfhu dqg Sroodfkhn +4<:7, dqg Plqfhu dqg Roihn +4<;5, glvfxvv wkh h{whqw ri kxpdq fdslwdo ghsuhfldwlrq... shulrgv1 Vhfrqg/ zdjh jurzwk vhhpv wr kdyh ehqh#31;whg wkrvh zkr kdyh zrunhg rqo| lqwhuplwwhqwo| dv zhoo dv wkrvh zkr kdyh zrunhg ixoo wlph1 Wkhuh lv qrz d vxevwdqwldo olwhudwxuh dgguhvvlqj wkh xqghuo|lqj txhvwlrq ri zk| sduwlflsdwlrq kdv fkdqjhg1 Iru h...

Attanasio, Orazio; Low, Hamish W; Sanchez-Marcos, Virginia

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

468

Girls in Computer Science: a Female Only Introduction Class in High School .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examined the impact of an all girls’ classroom environment in a high school introductory computer science class on the student’s attitudes towards computer… (more)

Drobnis, Ann W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

"A scribbling dame" Eliza Haywood's literary reputation and the Female Spectator.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Eliza Haywood represents one of few women to sustain a long and successful career as an independent professional writer in eighteenth century London. Despite publishing… (more)

Fitzgerald, Paula Kay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Evolution of juvenile growth rates in female guppies (Poecilia reticulata): predator regime or resource level?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effect offlexible growth rates on optimal sizes and develop¬Adaptive intrinsic growth rates: an inte- gration acrossVariation in larval growth rate among striped bass stocks

Arendt, Jeffrey D.; Reznick, David N

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Liberty Deprived: The Social and Political Determinants of Female Incarceration Rates, 1979-2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White and nonwhite rates of imprisonment.   Social Problems of  Incarceration Rates.   Journal of Politics, 66(3): 925?Why Are U.S.  Incarceration Rates So High?   Crime and 

McAnnally, Linda

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

THE COMBINED EFFECT OF RADIATION AND CHEMICAL CARCINOGENS IN FEMALE A x IF MICE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary.-Groups of mice were exposed to various doses of ionizing radiation on one occasion. In two groups of animals the bladder carcinogens dibutylnitrosamine (DBNA) and 4-ethylsulphonyl-naphthalene-1-sulphonamide (ENS) were administered 48 hours after irradiation. Post mortem and histopathological examinations failed to show any significant lesion in the bladder of animals subjected to radiation per se. Furthermore, radiation did not influence the latent period or incidence of bladder tumours induced by DBNA and ENS. However, radiation shortened the latent period of mammary tumours and, in some groups, increased the incidence of such lesions. When radiation was combined with the chemical carcinogens there was a marked reduction in the incidence of mammary tumours. VARIOUS authors have shown that ionizing radiation, whether by accident or by intention, has been responsible for the induction of tumours (British Medical Bulletin, 1973). The present study was designed to examine firstly the acute and long-term effects of a single dose of ionizing radiation on the bladder and secondly the influence of radiation on the latent period and incidence of bladder tumours caused by two known bladder carcinogens, dibutylnitrosamine (DBNA) and 4-ethylsulphonylnaphthalene- 1- sulphonamide (ENS). DBNA has been reported to induce bladder tumours in the rat (Druckrey et al., 1962, 1964) and in the mouse

A. Flaks; J. M. Hamilton; D. B. Clayson; P. R. J. Burch

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

The Influence of ADHD and Adolescent Romantic Relationships on Early Adult Psychopathology in Females  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soooo excited you're on facebook now! Can't wait to keep innetworking websites (Facebook, MySpace), including commentsof personal webpages (i.e. Facebook and MySpace pages) using

Stier, Andrea Lynne

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Disciplinary Differences in Research Performance by Female Academicians: The Effect of the Proportion of Women  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

association at Western Kentucky University: testing theEd.D. Dissertation, University of Kentucky, 1976. Cited in

Rebne, Douglas

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

ABILITY OF MALE KING CRAB, PARALITHODES CAMTSCHATICA, TO MATE REPEATEDLY, KODIAK, ALASKA, 1973  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Buss'). I Alaska Dept. of Fish & Game. Commercial Fisheries Diy.. Box 686. Kodiak. AK 99615. 2 Bio Dept. of Fish & Game. Commercial Fisheries Diy.. Box 234. Homer. AK 9960l 4 Powell. Guy C. Brian J

476

Recent cadmium exposure among male partners may affect oocyte fertilization during in vitro fertilization (IVF)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University at Albany, State University of New York,University at Albany, State University of New York,Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY, USA

Kim, Keewan; Fujimoto, Victor Y.; Parsons, Patrick J.; Steuerwald, Amy J.; Browne, Richard W.; Bloom, Michael S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Male reproductive traits, semen cryopreservation, and heterologous in vitro fertilization in the bobcat (Lynx rufus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Figure 2 Procedure for the preparation of the test assembly set up inside the wind tunnel. #12 Transactions EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE AND UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS All tests were conducted with the fin sample estimated through a series of in- situ calibration tests in our laboratory. The heat transfer rate

Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales

478

Prevalence and Correlates of Hepatitis C Infection among Male Injection Drug Users in Detention, Tehran, Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Brie?ng Paper Eight, Thedrug users (IDUS) in Mashhad, Iran. International Journal ofof Hammadan prison (Iran, 1998). Journal of Research in

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Breaking and entering the male domain. Women in the IT industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interviews with Australian IT professionals (twenty-two women and two men) working in technical areas are referenced to explore how the masculinity of the IT industry is perceived by women working as IT professionals. The skills the interviewees see ...

Liisa A. von Hellens; Sue H. Nielsen; Eileen M. Trauth

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Male Middle Managers' Perceptions of Non-Work Related Internet Use.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of the current qualitative phenomenological study, which employed the constant comparison model, was to investigate employees’ perceptions of the problems associated with… (more)

Grossenbacher-Fabsits, Dawn M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gender males females" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

yet to be clarified. Two groups of six Friesian x Holstein male calves, aged 15 d,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

containing beef tallow or coconut oil. B. Graulet, D. Gruffat, D.B. Graulet D. Gruffat, D. Durand, D containing beef tallow (T) or CO. Liver slices obtained from biopsies were incu- bated for 24 h (37 °C, 95

Recanati, Catherine

482

Disseminated Lyme Borreliosis preceded by hepatitis in an African American male  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

treatment in disseminated Lyme borreliosis: a double-blind,Disseminated Lyme Borreliosis preceded by hepatitis in anNorth Carolina Abstract Lyme disease is the most common

Fathi, Ramin; Huang, William Wei-ting; Brown, Katherine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Trenches Under The Pipeline: The Educational Trajectories of Chicano Male Continuation High School Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trenches Under The Pipeline: The Educational Trajectories ofnavigate the educational pipeline, continuation high school

Malagon, Maria

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Disseminated Lyme Borreliosis preceded by hepatitis in an African American male  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cefuroxime axetil and doxycycline in the treatment of earlycefuroxime axetil and doxycycline in treatment of patientsthe patient was started on doxycycline 100 mg twice daily.

Fathi, Ramin; Huang, William Wei-ting; Brown, Katherine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

[Molecular analysis of cytoplasmic male sterility]. Progress report, June 1, 1989--June 15, 1991  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have determined the actual RNA sequence of four mitochondrial genes: pcf, nad3, rps12, and coxII. Because plant mitochondrial proteins cannot be predicted from DNA sequences, the actual primary structures of the encoded proteins were unknown. We have gained information concerning the process of RNA editing. Editing can occur before splicing. Our data is consistent with the hypothesis that RNA editing is not simultaneous with transcription. Unlike other systems, the process of editing in plant does not exhibit a discernable direction. As a result of our RNA editing studies, we have produced a number of clones of the proper coding regions tube used for incorporating these mitochondrial genes into the nucleus. 6 refs., 4 figs.

Hanson, M.R.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

486

Male Patient Visits to the Emergency Department Decline During the Play of Major Sporting Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X, no . 2 : May 2009 Western Journal of Emergency MedicineAssociate Professor of Emergency Medicine, University oftelevised sporting event on emergency department census. J

Jerrard, David A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Male carriers of the FMR1 premutation show altered hippocampal-prefrontal function during memory encoding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous functional MRI (fMRI) studies have shown that fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) fragile X premutation allele carriers (FXPCs) exhibit decreased hippocampal activation during a recall task and lower inferior ...

Wang, John M.

488

"Introduction", in The Struggle for Accountability: The World Bank, NGOs and Grassroots Movements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

poverty reduction, gender, forestry, energy efficiency, andpolicies regarding energy, forestry, gender, agricultural

Fox, Jonathan A; Brown, L. David

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Development Of User Needs And Functional Requirements For A Real-time Ridesharing System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gender, Home & Work Phone #, Social Security #, Drivershome and work telephone numbers, address, occupation, gender, social security

Kowshik, Raghu; Gard, John; Loo, Jason; Jovanis, Paul P.; Kitamura, Ryiuichi

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Comparing the Reproductive Success of Yakima River Hatchery- and Wild-Origin Spring Chinook; Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project Monitoring and Evaluation, 2005-2006 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Reproductive success in wild- and first generation hatchery-origin spring Chinook males was examined by allowing the fish to compete for spawning opportunities in two sections of an observation stream. Behavioral observations were used to characterize the frequency of aggression and courting activities. Microsatellite DNA from each male and fry collected from the observation stream were used in pedigree analyses to estimate reproductive success. The coefficient of variation in male reproductive success equaled 116 and 86% in the two populations. No differences were detected in reproductive success due to hatchery or wild origin. Nor were any behavioral differences found between hatchery and wild males. Although statistical power was low due to intrinsic variation a great deal of overlap existed in the reproductive success values of hatchery and wild males. Significant disparities existed among the males on their ability to produce offspring. Males achieving high reproductive success mated with numerous females, were socially dominant, aggressive, and tended to stay in localized areas, courting and spawning with females that were adjacent to one another.

Schroder, S.L.; Pearsons, T.N. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA); Knudsen, C.M. (Oncorh Consulting, Olympia, WA)

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Professor of Wildlife Biology March 2012 Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.87 Demographics Females (22%) 13 Males 47 Asians 8 Blacks or African Americans 2 Native Americans 3 Multiracials 5/Latinos 6 Multiracials 9 Native Americans 1 Whites 145 Internationals 5 Georgia Residents 74 Out, Inc.), Future of Breast Care, Mammographic Screening; · Greg Cefus, Ben Cross, and Jeff Jay (Savannah

Wilson, Kenneth R.

492

Colorado State University Extension. 3/95. Reviewed 2/09.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and six pairs of red dots along their back (Figure 1). A mature larva is 1 1/2 to 2 inches long. Larval short distances. Males have a wing span of 1 1/2 inches; the wing spans on females can reach 2 inches

493

Intersexual Conflict and Group Size in Alouatta palliata: A 23-year ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

males is likely to enhance a group's competitive ability in terms of access to high .... year (Milton 1982); thus our treatment of the data allows time for females to enter a ..... L. Dew, & J. P. Boubli (Eds.) Tropical fruits and frugivores: The search for ...

494

Social impact in technologically-mediated communication: An examination of online influence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study used Social Impact Theory to explore sources and functions of interpersonal influence in Computer-Mediated Communication. Participants were 43 female and 17 male graduate students ranging from 25 to 60 years of age. In each of five distinct ... Keywords: Computer-Mediated Communication, Influence, Personality, Social impact, Technologically-mediated communication

Michael D. Miller; C. Cryss Brunner

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Effect of high doses of x rays on the neurosecretion of cat's hypothalamus  

SciTech Connect

The effect of high doses of x radiation upon the hypothalamohypophyseal system was studied in 15 adult cats, both male and female. It was observed that ionizing radiations accelerate the passing of neurosecreta from cells to axons and from posterior lobe of the pituitary body to the vascular system. (auth)

Kopaczyuk, F.; Kowalski, E.; Pawlaczyk, J.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Gametic incompatibilities between races of Drosophila melanogaster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

melanogaster from Zimbabwe, Africa, do not mate readily with cosmopolitan males. This polymorphism in mate melanogaster is currently known to have two behavioural races, i.e. the cosmopolitan (M for melanogaster-female lines Two races of D. melanogaster were used in this study; these were the cosmopolitan (M lines

Palumbi, Stephen