National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for gender males females

  1. Balancing Male and Female Principles: Teaching About Gender in Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achebe, Nwando

    2002-01-01

    Fall Apart.lhe female goddess Ani. for instance. has a malesuch as Ihe Earth Goddess Ani. The IgOO World view and thephenomena. like the eanh (Ani).lhe sun (AllyanwlI). the

  2. Bringing men in: an analysis of male and female fertility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Li 1976-

    2009-05-15

    Prior research has focused on studying female fertility, but male fertility remains overlooked. Using data from the 2001 Demographic Yearbook, the 1964 to 2002 Taiwan-Fukien Demographic Yearbooks, the 2004 National Statistics ...

  3. Influence of female 2D:4D ratio on attractiveness of male vocal and facial masculinity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Fionna

    2009-01-01

    When females are judging attractiveness of a potential mate, research indicates that degree of masculinity and femininity of a male signals his suitability for a short- or longterm relationship. Masculine males are of ...

  4. LARYNGEAL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN MALE-TO-FEMALE TRANSSEXUAL PERSONS: ENDOSCOPIC AND STROBOSCOPIC PRESENTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Derek

    2009-07-22

    Data are lacking regarding the physical correlates that accompany the methods used by male-to-female transsexual (MFT) persons to feminize their voices. Visual study of these alterations is needed to better understand the ...

  5. The evolution and frequency of female color morphs in Holarctic Odonata: why are male-like females

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fincke, Ola M.

    response by females to sexual conflict of interest over mating that favors males mating more often than and green pigmentations. Of the poly- morphic species surveyed, 13% had more than two morphs, 4% had sexual conflict or mutual benefit, as distinct from sexual selection per se, could lead to sexual di

  6. Male and Female Parental Roles in the Western Gull under Different Environmental Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierotti, Raymond

    1981-07-01

    sexed correctly using this method, and there was no overlap between males and females in weight or in the width or depth of the bill at the nares. There was also significant sexual dimorphism in all other dimen- sions (Table 2). In capturing birds... sexed correctly using this method, and there was no overlap between males and females in weight or in the width or depth of the bill at the nares. There was also significant sexual dimorphism in all other dimen- sions (Table 2). In capturing birds...

  7. Vitamin E Supplementation Increases the Attractiveness of Males' Scent for Female European Green Lizards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clifton, Ken

    Vitamin E Supplementation Increases the Attractiveness of Males' Scent for Female European Green-tocopherol ( = vitamin E) in their femoral secretions. Because vitamin E is metabolically important and can only lizards that received a dietary supplement of vitamin E increased proportions of vitamin E

  8. ERK Signaling in the Pituitary Is Required for Female But Not Male Fertility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ERK Signaling in the Pituitary Is Required for Female But Not Male Fertility Stuart P. Bliss. Several studies suggest that ERK1 and -2 are essential modulators of hypothalamic GnRH-mediated regulation-specific depletion of ERK1 and 2 and examined a range of physiological parameters including fertility. We find

  9. Male Female

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia NationalSecurityNuclearH-canyon |I6 Page 2 of

  10. Head black woman in charge: An investigation of how black female athletic directors negotiate their race, gender, and class identities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDowell, Jacqueline

    2009-05-15

    Framed as an instrumental case study, the purpose of this investigation was to understand how a select group of women, Black female athletic directors, define and negotiate their race, gender, and class identities. Data ...

  11. Gender, Lies and Video Games: the Truth about Females and Computing

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Klawe, Maria M. [Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States

    2009-09-01

    This talk explores how girls and women differ from boys and men in their uses of and attitudes towards computers and computing. From playing computer games to pursuing computing careers, the participation of females tends to be very low compared to that of males. Why is this? Opinions range from girls wanting to avoid the math and/or the geek image of programming to girls having better things to do with their lives. We discuss research findings on this issue, as well as initiatives designed to increase the participation of females in computing.

  12. Exploring the Behavioral and Psychological Differences between Male and Female Youth with a History of Fire Involvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Ed M.

    2014-08-31

    Study objectives were to explore a sample of fire-involved youth by 1) describing their overall psychological characteristics, thoughts, and behaviors, 2) comparing the psychological characteristics, thoughts, and behaviors of their male and female...

  13. Divergence in male and female manipulative behaviors with the intensification of metallurgy in Central Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macintosh, Alison A.; Pinhasi, Ron; Stock, Jay T.

    2014-11-12

    3. Schwetzingen 4. Stuttgart-Mu¨hlhausen 5. Polga´r-Ferenci-ha´t 6. Hrtkovci-Gomolava 7. Brno-Tur?any 8. Polga´r Kenderfo¨ld 9. Ostojic´evo 10. Brno- Malome?r?ice 11. Ta´pio´szele. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0112116.g001 Manipulative Behavior... found when 0%, 0.5%, or 1% DA was used as a cut-off distinguishing handedness from fluctuating asymmetry. However, three individuals with very low asymmetry (one Iron Age Brno- Malome?r?ice male, and two Bronze Age females from Ostojic´evo and Brno...

  14. Supplementary Methods Fifteen subjects between the ages of 23 and 33 (6 male, 9 female, mean age = 27) were

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucci, David J.

    Supplementary Methods Subjects Fifteen subjects between the ages of 23 and 33 (6 male, 9 female, mean age = 27) were recruited from the local Dartmouth community. Subjects reported no significant abnormal neurological history and all had normal or corrected-to-normal visual acuity. Subjects were paid

  15. http://www.jstor.org Male and Female Pollination Success in a Deceptive Orchid, a Selection Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnston, Mark

    , available at http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use the discovery and use of these resources. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support-pollination, but only 5% and 13% did so under natural circumstances in the two populations. Male and female reproductive

  16. The Relationship Between Resource Control, Association with Females and Male Weapon Size in a Male Dominance Insect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwynne, Darryl T.

    in the laboratory using the sexually dimorphic Wellington tree weta, Hemideina crassidens (Blanchard) (Orthoptera scheme). Several studies in diverse taxa (e.g. mam- mals, Carranza 1995; birds, Go¨ransson et al. 1990 attributes of the resource (or territory) and the number of sexually receptive females visiting the resource

  17. Male Ant-mimicking Salticid Spiders Discriminate Between Retreat Silks of Sympatric Females

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borges, Renee M

    and of five different color forms to retreat and dragline silks of sympatric females of six color forms

  18. Males showed no response to air-borne female Experimental Protocol: Prior to the first trial, the first female was placed in the cube on the left maze arm.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaffin, Doug

    to the first trial, the first female was placed in the cube on the left maze arm. Each trial was initiated by dropping a male scorpion into the end of the long arm. Males were allowed five minutes to move into the left or right arm of the arena. We considered a trial complete when the male scorpion entered either

  19. Female-biased sex ratios and the proportion of cryptic male morphs of migrant juvenile Ruffs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - sons, such as biased primary ratio and differential juvenile or adult mortality of sexes. Global bias, we report the sex ratios among juvenile Ruffs on their southward migration in Finland during 1985, and examine migration tim- ing by sex. We found a strong female bias in juvenile populations; across the study

  20. Complex interactions with females and rival males limit the evolution of sperm offence and defence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitnick, Scott

    multiple sperm competition bouts using an outbred D. melanogaster population exhibiting continuous genetic, 1984). Sperm offence is typically quantified experimentally as P2, the proportion of progeny sired, the proportion of first-male progeny (Boorman & Parker 1976). As sperm offence and defence abilities contribute

  1. Agents of change or cogs in the machine? Reexamining the influence of female managers on the gender wage gap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, SB; Sherman, EL

    2015-01-01

    of Organizations and Inequality. ” Social PsychologyGender Segregation and Wage Inequality Among Managers, 1980-Conservation of Gender Inequality: Considering Employment. ”

  2. Anita. Behav.,1991,41, 367-369 Large male crests, an honest indicator of condition, are preferredby female

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Andy J.

    - cal tail extension. Darwin (1871) proposed that the crest functions to attract females, but this has, newts were collected from seven Oxfordshire ponds, and the sexes kept separately in tanks of 62 · 31 x later transcribed to the nearest 0.1 s. I removed the newts and measured their snout-vent length, tail

  3. Toxicokinetics of ?-thujone following intravenous and gavage administration of ?-thujone or ?- and ?-thujone mixture in male and female F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waidyanatha, Suramya, E-mail: waidyanathas@niehs.nih.gov [Division of National Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Johnson, Jerry D.; Hong, S. Peter [Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH 43201 (United States); Robinson, Veronica Godfrey [Division of National Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Gibbs, Seth; Graves, Steven W. [Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH 43201 (United States); Hooth, Michelle J.; Smith, Cynthia S. [Division of National Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Plants containing thujone have widespread use and hence have significant human exposure. ?-Thujone caused seizures in rodents following gavage administration. We investigated the toxicokinetics of ?-thujone in male and female F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice following intravenous and gavage administration of ?-thujone or a mixture of ?- and ?-thujone (which will be referred to as ?,?-thujone). Absorption of ?-thujone following gavage administration was rapid without any dose-, species-, sex- or test article-related effect. Absolute bioavailability of ?-thujone following administration of ?-thujone or ?,?-thujone was generally higher in rats than in mice. In rats, females had higher bioavailability than males following administration of either test article although a sex difference was not observed in mice. C{sub max} and AUC{sub ?} increased greater than proportional to the dose in female rats following administration of ?-thujone and in male and female mice following administration of ?,?-thujone suggesting possible saturation of elimination kinetics with increasing dose. Dose-adjusted AUC{sub ?} for male and female rats was 5- to 15-fold and 3- to 24-fold higher than mice counterparts following administration of ?-thujone and ?,?-thujone, respectively (p-value < 0.0001 for all comparisons). Following both intravenous and gavage administration, ?-thujone was distributed to the brains of rats and mice with females, in general, having higher brain:plasma ratios than males. These data are in support of the observed toxicity of ?-thujone and ?,?-thujone where females were more sensitive than males of both species to ?-thujone-induced neurotoxicity. In general there was no difference in toxicokinetics between test articles when normalized to ?-thujone concentration. - Highlights: • Absorption of ?-thujone following gavage administration was rapid in rats and mice. • Rats undergo higher exposure to ?-thujone than mice. • ?-Thujone brain:plasma ratios were greater than 1 in both rats and mice. • Brain:plasma ratio in females was higher than in males. • These data are in support of the observed neurotoxicity of ?-thujone.

  4. Cue reactivity to appetitive and aversive cues among female smokers and non-smokers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Susabda, Agnes

    2011-02-22

    to gender differences in factors such as nicotine sensitivity, the likelihood of initiating quitting, effectiveness of nicotine replacement programs, and experience of withdrawal. For example, comparisons between male and female smokers have found...-affect motive system codes information that includes withdrawal-associated physiological and behavioral responses, cues previously associated with withdrawal, expectations regarding withdrawal, the consequences of possible response options, and stimuli...

  5. Impact of Gender, Partner Status, and Race on Locoregional Failure and Overall Survival in Head and Neck Cancer Patients in Three Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Trials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dilling, Thomas J., E-mail: Thomas.Dilling@moffitt.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida (United States); Bae, Kyounghwa; Paulus, Rebecca [Department of Statistics, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Watkins-Bruner, Deborah [School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Garden, Adam S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Forastiere, Arlene [Departments of Oncology, Radiation Oncology, and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Kian Ang, K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Movsas, Benjamin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Purpose: We investigated the impact of race, in conjunction with gender and partner status, on locoregional control (LRC) and overall survival (OS) in three head and neck trials conducted by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG). Methods and Materials: Patients from RTOG studies 9003, 9111, and 9703 were included. Patients were stratified by treatment arms. Covariates of interest were partner status (partnered vs. non-partnered), race (white vs. non-white), and sex (female vs. male). Chi-square testing demonstrated homogeneity across treatment arms. Hazards ratio (HR) was used to estimate time to event outcome. Unadjusted and adjusted HRs were calculated for all covariates with associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and p values. Results: A total of 1,736 patients were analyzed. Unpartnered males had inferior OS rates compared to partnered females (adjusted HR = 1.22, 95% CI, 1.09-1.36), partnered males (adjusted HR = 1.20, 95% CI, 1.09-1.28), and unpartnered females (adjusted HR = 1.20, 95% CI, 1.09-1.32). White females had superior OS compared with white males, non-white females, and non-white males. Non-white males had inferior OS compared to white males. Partnered whites had improved OS relative to partnered non-white, unpartnered white, and unpartnered non-white patients. Unpartnered males had inferior LRC compared to partnered males (adjusted HR = 1.26, 95% CI, 1.09-1.46) and unpartnered females (adjusted HR = 1.30, 95% CI, 1.05-1.62). White females had LRC superior to non-white males and females. White males had improved LRC compared to non-white males. Partnered whites had improved LRC compared to partnered and unpartnered non-white patients. Unpartnered whites had improved LRC compared to unpartnered non-whites. Conclusions: Race, gender, and partner status had impacts on both OS and locoregional failure, both singly and in combination.

  6. The Impact a Diversity Culture Has on the "Think Manager, Think Male" Stereotype: A Social Identity Theory of Leadership Perspective on Gender Stereotypes in Sport Organizations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aicher, Thomas Joseph

    2010-10-12

    to be evaluated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the impact a diversity culture may or may not have on gendered leadership stereotypes. Utilizing the social identity theory of leadership and the expectations of gender stereotypes, I predicted...

  7. FROM: E. Thomas Sullivan, Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs and Provost RE: Gender Equity in Salaries Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    in Salaries Study I received today a report from an independent consultant regarding a statistical analysis of faculty salaries by gender on the Twin Cities campus. The report is the result of a process begun the existence of a gap between male and female faculty salaries on the Twin Cities campus. I shared the WFC

  8. Documenting Gender

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spade, Dean

    2008-01-01

    Treatment of gender dysphoria including gender reassignment surgeries and reversal of voluntarily induced infertility (

  9. sHOrT COMMUniCATiOns 3838 SEX-ROLE REVERSAL IN SONG? FEMALES SING MORE FREQUENTLY THAN MALES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Troy G.

    not be unique. Key words: Bird song, female song, Icterus pustulatus, trop- ical songbird, sexual selection Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 6, anada Abstract. Birds in which both sexes female song in other sexu- ally monomorphic or weakly dimorphic species, so such patterns might

  10. Voices of Four African American Female Clergy and Their Perceptions of Gender, Equity, and Leadership Styles in the African American Urban Church 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogletree, Evelyn 1954-

    2012-11-30

    pastors for a span of four decades. This dissertation shares the challenges, barriers, and support to female pastors. This study examined personal characteristics, acts of leadership, and acts of negotiating the system within the African American church...

  11. Reclaimed Experience: Gendering Trauma in Slavery, Holocaust, and Madness Narratives.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segeral, Nathalie

    2012-01-01

    suppressed in dominating discourses, and as a means to gendering these stories belonging to male-dominated areas of knowledge.

  12. Effects of estrogen and gender on cataractogenesis induced by high-LET radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henderson, M.A.; Rusek, A.; Valluri, S.; Garrett, J.; Lopez, J.; Caperell-Grant, A.; Mendonca, M.; Bigsby, R.; Dynlacht, J.

    2010-02-01

    Planning for long-duration manned lunar and interplanetary missions requires an understanding of radiation-induced cataractogenesis. Previously, it was demonstrated that low-linear energy transfer (LET) irradiation with 10 Gy of {sup 60}Co {gamma} rays resulted in an increased incidence of cataracts in male rats compared to female rats. This gender difference was not due to differences in estrogen, since male rats treated with the major secreted estrogen 17-{beta}-estradiol (E2) showed an identical increase compared to untreated males. We now compare the incidence and rate of progression of cataracts induced by high-LET radiation in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats received a single dose of 1 Gy of 600 MeV {sup 56}Fe ions. Lens opacification was measured at 2-4 week intervals with a slit lamp. The incidence and rate of progression of radiation-induced cataracts was significantly increased in the animals in which estrogen was available from endogenous or exogenous sources. Male rats with E2 capsules implanted had significantly higher rates of progression compared to male rats with empty capsules implanted (P = 0.025) but not compared to the intact female rats. These results contrast with data obtained after low-LET irradiation and suggest the possibility that the different types of damage caused by high- and low-LET radiation may be influenced differentially by steroid sex hormones.

  13. Expressive Writing and Male Rape Victims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleamoutua, Patiola; Silverman, Savannah

    2014-01-01

    King B. M. Male victims of rape and sexual abuse. (2010).posttraumatic stress disorder in rape victims: A comparisontherapy for female rape victims with posttraumatic stress

  14. Gender, Math, and the FCI Laura McCullough

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Mingshen

    level and FCI score Avg. % score (N) Males/ GFCI Females/ GFCI Males/ FCI Females/ FCI Pre- algebra 22 Highestlevelmathcoursetaken #12;PERC Boise Aug02 7 High school math and FCI score Avg. % score (N) Males/ GFCI Females/ GFCI Males/ FCI Females/ FCI 1 13 (1) 7 (1) 2 28 (6) 14 (2) 27 (2) 19 (6) 2.5 10 (1) 3 26 (30) 24 (24

  15. Gender Equality and Female Empowerment Policy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy Services »Information ResourcesHeat &DepartmentGena E.

  16. Gender and snow crab occupational asthma in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howse, Dana; Gautrin, Denyse; Neis, Barbara . E-mail: bneis@mun.ca; Cartier, Andre; Horth-Susin, Lise; Jong, Michael; Swanson, Mark C.

    2006-06-15

    Fish and shellfish processing employs many thousands of people globally, with shellfish processing becoming more important in recent years. Shellfish processing is associated with multiple occupational health and safety (OHS) risks. Snow crab occupational asthma (OA) is work-related asthma associated with processing snow crab. We present a gender analysis of findings from a 3-year multifaceted study of snow crab OA in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The study was carried out in four snow crab processing communities between 2001 and 2004. An anonymous survey questionnaire on knowledge, beliefs, and concerns related to processing snow crab administered to 158 workers attending community meetings at the start of the research found that women were significantly more likely than men to associate certain health problems, especially chest tightness, difficulty breathing, and cough, with crab processing (P<0.001). Worker health assessments carried out with 215 processing workers (187 current/28 former; 120 female/95 male) found that female participants were more likely to be diagnosed as almost certain/highly probable snow crab OA and allergy (P=0.001) and to be sensitized to snow crab (P=0.01) than male participants. Work histories from the health assessments were used to classify processing jobs as male or female. Allergen sampling (211 allergen samples: 115 area, 96 personal breathing zone) indicated that the plant areas where these male jobs were concentrated were associated with lower levels of aerosolized crab allergens (the agents responsible for OA to snow crab) than areas associated with female jobs. This difference was statistically significant in the two plants with poor ventilation (p<0.001 and P=0.017 for these plants). A gender analysis of work history data showed that female health assessment participants were likely to have worked longer processing snow crab than males (5 years versus 3.5 years, respectively). Cross-referencing of work history results with allergen sampling data for male and female job areas showed a gender difference in median cumulative exposures (duration of exposurexlevel of exposures) for health assessment participants. Health assessment participants with estimated higher median cumulative exposures were more likely to receive a diagnosis of almost certain/highly probable OA and allergy. Semistructured interviews with 27 health assessment participants (24 female/ 3 male) with a diagnosis of almost certain/highly probable or possible snow crab OA indicated that these workers can experience substantial quality of life impacts while working and that they seek to reduce the economic impact of their illness by remaining at their jobs as long as possible. Indications of selection bias and other study limitations point to the need for more research exploring the relationship between the gender division of labor and knowledge, beliefs, and concerns about snow crab processing, as well as gender differences in prevalence, quality of life, and socioeconomic impact.

  17. Guidance on the Use of Hand-Held Survey Meters for radiological Triage: Time-Dependent Detector Count Rates Corresponding to 50, 250, and 500 mSv Effective Dose for Adult Males and Adult Females

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolch, W.E. [University of Florida; Hurtado, J.L. [University of Florida; Lee, C. [University of Florida; Manger, Ryan P [ORNL; Hertel, Nolan [Georgia Institute of Technology; Burgett, E. [Georgia Institute of Technology; Dickerson, W. [Armed Force Radiobiological Research Institute

    2012-01-01

    In June 2006, the Radiation Studies Branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention held a workshop to explore rapid methods of facilitating radiological triage of large numbers of potentially contaminated individuals following detonation of a radiological dispersal device. Two options were discussed. The first was the use of traditional gamma cameras in nuclear medicine departments operated as makeshift wholebody counters. Guidance on this approach is currently available from the CDC. This approach would be feasible if a manageable number of individuals were involved, transportation to the relevant hospitals was quickly provided, and the medical staff at each facility had been previously trained in this non-traditional use of their radiopharmaceutical imaging devices. If, however, substantially larger numbers of individuals (100 s to 1,000 s) needed radiological screening, other options must be given to first responders, first receivers, and health physicists providing medical management. In this study, the second option of the workshop was investigated by the use of commercially available portable survey meters (either NaI or GM based) for assessing potential ranges of effective dose (G50, 50Y250, 250Y500, and 9500 mSv). Two hybrid computational phantoms were used to model an adult male and an adult female subject internally contaminated with 241Am, 60Cs, 137Cs, 131I, or 192Ir following an acute inhalation or ingestion intake. As a function of time following the exposure, the net count rates corresponding to committed effective doses of 50, 250, and 500 mSv were estimated via Monte Carlo radiation transport simulation for each of four different detector types, positions, and screening distances. Measured net count rates can be compared to these values, and an assignment of one of four possible effective dose ranges could be made. The method implicitly assumes that all external contamination has been removed prior to screening and that the measurements be conducted in a low background, and possibly mobile, facility positioned at the triage location. Net count rate data are provided in both tabular and graphical format within a series of eight handbooks available at the CDC website (http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/clinicians/evaluation).

  18. The Cost of Male Aggression and Polygyny in California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    The Cost of Male Aggression and Polygyny in California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus) Leah R territory sizes were associated with lower estimates of female fecundity within the same year. Female growth rate by lowering female fecundity. Females may attempt to offset male-related reductions in female

  19. Subsequent Malignancies in Children Treated for Hodgkin's Disease: Associations With Gender and Radiation Dose

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Constine, Louis S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Department of Pediatrics, James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)], E-mail: louis_constine@urmc.rochester.edu; Tarbell, Nancy [Department of Pediatric Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Hudson, Melissa M. [Department of Hematology-Oncology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Schwartz, Cindy [Department of Hematology-Oncology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Fisher, Susan G. [Department of Community and Preventative Medicine, James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Muhs, Ann G. B.A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Basu, Swati K. [Department of Community and Preventative Medicine, James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Kun, Larry E. [Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Ng, Andrea; Mauch, Peter [Department of Radiation Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Sandhu, Ajay [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Medical Center-San Diego, San Diego, CA (United States); Culakova, Eva [Department of Community and Preventative Medicine, James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Lyman, Gary [Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Mendenhall, Nancy [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida Medical Center, Gainesville, FL (United States)

    2008-09-01

    Purpose: Subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs) are a dominant cause of morbidity and mortality in children treated for Hodgkin's disease (HD). We evaluated select demographic and therapeutic factors associated with SMNs, specifically gender and radiation dose. Methods and Materials: A total of 930 children treated for HD at five institutions between 1960 and 1990 were studied. Mean age at diagnosis was 13.6 years, and mean follow-up was 16.8 years (maximum, 39.4 years). Treatment included radiation alone (43%), chemotherapy alone (9%), or both (48%). Results: We found that SMNs occurred in 102 (11%) patients, with a 25-year actuarial rate of 19%. With 15,154 patient years of follow-up, only 7.18 cancers were expected (standardized incidence ratio [SIR] = 14.2; absolute excess risk [AER] = 63 cases/10,000 years). The SIR for female subjects, 19.93, was significantly greater than for males, 8.41 (p < 0.0001). After excluding breast cancer, the SIR for female patients was 15.4, still significantly greater than for male patients (p = 0.0012). Increasing radiation dose was associated with an increasing SIR (p = 0.0085). On univariate analysis, an increased risk was associated with female gender, increasing radiation dose, and age at treatment (12-16 years). Using logistic regression, mantle radiation dose increased risk, and this was 2.5-fold for female patients treated with more than 35 Gy primarily because of breast cancer. Conclusions: Survivors of childhood HD are at risk for SMNs, and this risk is greater for female individuals even after accounting for breast cancer. Although SMNs occur in the absence of radiation therapy, the risk increases with RT dose.

  20. Mechanical properties of normotensive and hypertensive female rat carotid arteries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Katherine Elizabeth

    2002-01-01

    female rat carotid arteries to applied loads considering active and passive responses in the longitudinal and circumferential directions, and (3) to compare the female response in both groups to data available for males. The first objective provides...

  1. Attachment theory as a predictor of female aggression 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckner, Helen Minette

    2005-11-01

    A large body of research exists relative to male aggression. Studies over the past 30 years, especially as related to male-to-female intimacy violence in a domestic context, have contributed greatly to a better understanding ...

  2. Male body image: critical measurement issues 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Joshua Daniel

    2002-01-01

    , attractive) were asked. Also, the importance attributed to attainment of the identified ideal body did not moderate the relationship between the current-ideal discrepancy and affective body satisfaction, for either males or females. The attitudes towards...

  3. Female Biology Professor: Jennifer Dever

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dever, Jennifer A.

    grandmother did not & vice versa? n What are the most pressing issues for women today? (locally & globally's philosophy on women Hysteria - - - hysterectomy #12;8/15/12 3 n Females and males ARE different... more than to keep in mind for the Health field NOW - Re-defining women's roles, the feminist perspective science

  4. AAPT Boise Aug02 The FCI and Context: Gender

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Mingshen

    Female/ GFCI Male/ FCI Male/ GFCI Stout non- physics 22 (106) 22 (79) 34 (56) 28 (71) SIUE non- physics Female/ GFCI Male/ FCI Male/ GFCI Iowa (alg.) 33 (41) 35 (44) 39 (72) 42 (65) Iowa (alg.) 26 (63) 27 (69 Questions #12/#17 % getting correct F/FCI F/GFCI M/FCI M/GFCI Stout non- physics 34 51 66 66 Stout physics

  5. Communication Standards for the Female Technical Sales Professional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macke, Brenda

    2005-12-16

    , a female technical sales professional can use certain techniques with her entire client base, and focus on gender refined differences that will improve her communication. The FTSP can use some communication standards with all of her clients...

  6. The Disguised Mask of Race, Gender, and Class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz, Genesis

    2014-01-01

    of Race, Gender, and Class By Genesis Diaz I | IntroductionIrene is a black middle class female who is proud of wherepeople. III | Race and Social Class The environment of the

  7. Deserting Gender: A Feminist Rhetorical Approach to Vietnam War Novels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Womack, Anne-Marie

    2012-07-16

    Female characters and references to femininity throughout American war literature disrupt discursive and biological divisions of the masculine and feminine. In examining gender and war literature over the twentieth century, ...

  8. Costs influence male mate choice in a freshwater fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keogh, Scott

    Costs influence male mate choice in a freshwater fish Bob B. M. Wong* and Michael D. Jennions that female mate choice decisions depend on the direct costs of choosing (either because of search costs or male-imposed costs). Far less is known about how direct fitness costs affect male mate choice. We

  9. Gender and Desire: Uncursing Pandora 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young-Eisendrath, Polly

    1997-01-01

    ----------------------- OCD (Fontenelle, Marques, & Versiani, 2002; Lochner et al., 2004; Pigott, 1999; Pigott, 2003; Yonkers & Kidner, 2002) 1.5:1 - Males display more aggressive obsessions and compulsions and checking rituals - Females display more... & Silverman, 2000). Instead, adults and children reporting lower levels of masculine characteristics (i.e., assertiveness, aggression, dominance) also report the highest levels of state anxiety, agoraphobic symptoms, and fear, including social, bodily...

  10. Osteopontin-mediated neutrophilic infiltration and higher liver injury in a female rodent alcoholic steatohepatitis model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Atrayee

    2009-05-15

    the increased susceptibility of females to alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH). Female rats in ASH model were found to have significantly higher neutrophilic infiltration in the liver as compared to the males. Osteopontin (OPN), a member of the SIBLING family...

  11. Pollicy Reforms and the Gender Dynamics of Rural Mexico-to-U.S. Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richter, Susan M.; Taylor, J. Edward

    2005-01-01

    is the focus of Mexico Migration Project (MMP) surveys (for female and male migration from rural Mexico to farm andfemale and male migration from rural Mexico to the U.S. it

  12. Sex/Gender Differences and Autism: Setting the Scene for Future Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Meng-Chuan; Lombardo, Michael V.; Auyeung, Bonnie; Chakrabarti, Bhismadev; Baron-Cohen, Simon

    2014-10-16

    ) than males with autism. At the high- functioning end, findings across cognition, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, anthropometry, and proteomics mostly suggest that females are different, rather than more severe, compared to males with autism...

  13. Selection on females can create `larger males' Jordan Karubian1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karubian, Jordan

    dimorphism within the clade. We conclude that it is incor- rect to assume sexual dimorphism results from that the selective forces leading to sexual dimorphism may vary between species and should be tested on a case-by-case basis using a phylogenetic approach. Keywords: Aves; niche-partitioning hypothesis; sexual dimorphism

  14. Cognition in Males and Females with Autism: Similarities and Differences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Competing Auyeung1 , Carrie Allison1 , MRC AIMS Consortium" , Simon Baron-Cohen1 1 Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2 Centre for Integrative

  15. Organizational Task Performance in Male and Female Groups 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, Anne M; Barchas, Patricia; Cohen, Elizabeth; Hildebrand, Poll; Fennell, Mary

    2015-08-15

    ........................................................ 3 Argument ........................................................ 5 The Research....................................................11 Operationalizing the Task Procedure: Division of Labor . . . 12 The Task.......................l6 Results..........................................................l6 The Division of Labor: Sharply Differentiated..............17 Undifferentiated Division of Labor.......................... 18 Weakly Differentiated Division of Labor with a...

  16. Are Female Workers Less Productive Than Male Workers?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersen, Trond; Snartland, Vermund; Meyersson Milgrom, Eva M.

    2006-01-01

    defects from small metal die castings, performing simpleheavy (die casting) Polishers and buffers, metal T EXTILE Dcastings into alignment, using mallets, and remove excess metals

  17. The social determinants of female employment in Brazil: an analysis of the service sector in 1950 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simao, Andrea Branco

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the social determinants of female employment distribution within the Brazilian Service sector in 1950. This study tests the usefulness of human capital, part-time, gender role, dual ...

  18. The Color of Self-Love: Exposing Racism in Black Female Masturbation Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Elena

    2010-01-01

    Americans, Gender, and the New Racism. New York: Routledge,of Self-Love: Exposing Racism in Black Female Masturbationsexual deviance and construct racism and sexism. BLACK/WHITE

  19. Tactics for male reproductive success in plants: contrasting insights of sex allocation theory and pollen presentation theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomson, James D.

    allocation theory is that an organism's reproductive success, through either male or female function, can in that function. The shapes of these curves determine what patterns of resource allocation can be evolutionarily and female pathways, to the amount of resources it invested in male and female function. Sex allocation

  20. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis for gender selection in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colls, P.; Silver, L.; Olivera, G.; Weier, J.; Escudero, T.; Goodall, N.; Tomkin, G.; Munne, S.

    2009-08-20

    Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of gender selection for non medical reasons has been considered an unethical procedure by several authors and agencies in the Western society on the basis of disrupting the sex ratio, being discriminatory againsts women and disposal of normal embryos of the non desired gender. In this study, the analysis of a large series of PGD procedures for gender selection from a wide geographical area in the United States, shows that in general there is no deviation in preference towards any specific gender except for a preference of males in some ethnic populations of Chinese, Indian and Middle Eastern origin that represent a small percentage of the US population. In cases where only normal embryos of the non-desired gender are available, 45.5% of the couples elect to cancel the transfer, while 54.5% of them are open to have transferred embryos of the non-desired gender, this fact being strongly linked to cultural and ethnical background of the parents. In addition this study adds some evidence to the proposition that in couples with previous children of a given gender there is no biological predisposition towards producing embryos of that same gender. Based on these facts, it seems that objections to gender selection formulated by ethics committees and scientific societies are not well-founded.

  1. Ethnic and gender differences in boredom proneness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibson, G.S.; Morales,

    1996-02-01

    Although boredom may exhibit many shared elements, culturally specific attitudes have also been found to exist. The present paper investigated boredom proneness among African-American college students. Data from 120 participants on the Boredom Proneness (BP) Scale was analyzed and compared to cross-cultural participants. African-American females scored significantly higher than African-American males. Scores were presented from two other studies to show a comparative look at boredom proneness in five other ethnic groups. African-American females are the only female ethnic group to score higher on the BP Scale than their male counterparts. Additionally, overall African-Americans, were found to have higher BP scores than their Western counterparts.

  2. Gendering Representation: Parties, Institutions, and the Under-Representation Of Women In Brazil's State Legislatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dos Santos, Pedro G.

    2012-12-31

    This dissertation provides insights on what influences women's descriptive representation in state legislatures in Brazil. The study of female representation in Brazil provides for a good case study as the country uses a gender quota system...

  3. Female Figurines (Pharaonic Period)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waraksa, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    be translated “clay figure (of Isis). ” A spell to relieve arpyt Ast or “female figure of Isis. ” The term rpyt may ben sDt , a “female figure of Isis in firewood” (BM EA 9997 +

  4. Gender-specific modulation of cocaine-induced place preference by 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diller, Anna Jean

    2013-02-22

    to the case where each drug was administered alone, and it was predicted this effect would be amplified in females relative to males. Adult male and female rats received one of three doses of cocaine (0 mg/kg, 2.5 mg/kg, 5 mg/kg) followed by MDMA (0 mg/kg, 5...

  5. Measuring sexual selection on females in sex-role-reversed Mormon crickets (Anabrus simplex, Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwynne, Darryl T.

    Measuring sexual selection on females in sex-role-reversed Mormon crickets (Anabrus simplex). In this study, we quantify the strength and form of selection on females of the sex-role-reversed Mormon cricket on females is predicted for sex-role-reversed Mormon crickets, Anabrus simplex, where males are choosy

  6. Situating Male Fertility: A Demographic Analysis of Male and Female Fertility in the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cherry, Robert Christopher

    2012-02-14

    also go to my friends and colleagues in the Department of Anthropology at Texas A&M, particularly Dr. Mike Alvard, who chaired my MA committee and helped me learn what it was to ?do science.? Thanks also to the Sociology department faculty, staff... of these reasons has little to do with science or data, but is instead based on socialization. Researchers have tended to consider men to be ancillary to the fertility process, simply contributors of biological material and earners of income. Women were assumed...

  7. ABILITY OF MALE KING CRAB, PARALITHODES CAMTSCHATICA, TO MATE REPEATEDLY, KODIAK, ALASKA, 1973

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : VOL. 72, NO. I, 1974 Several authors have reported old-shell males congregated with adult females. At this point egg fertility and relative fullness of hrood chamber of the females mated to the small old spines) was observed. In recent years, we observed that the propor- tion of adult females without eggs

  8. The Population Dynamical Implications of Male-Biased Parasitism in Different Mating Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Andrew

    to parasitism. Sexual size dimorphism in mammals is often strongly correlated with higher male mortality levels of infection with blood parasites have been observed in female birds [5]. Males may be more; a comparative study identified positive correlations between male- biased parasitism and the degree of sexual

  9. Gender and Criminality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duley, Kolleen

    2012-01-01

    See, e.g. , TRANSGENDER RIGHTS (Paisley Currah et al. eds. ,gender congruence. 22 The trans 17. Paisley Currah et al. ,RIGHTs at xiii, xiv (Paisley Currah et al. eds. , 2006) 18.

  10. The Nature of Gender: work, gender and environment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nightingale, Andrea J

    2006-01-01

    Gender has long been recognised as important within environmental issues, but exactly how and in what contexts it is relevant has been hotly debated. As feminist theorising around women and gender has changed, so ...

  11. Sex and Gender

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweeney, Deborah

    2011-01-01

    Power on their own: Gender and social roles in provincial New Kingdom Egypt.Egypt on bowls and figurines, ritually broken to neutralize the enemies’ power)powers of both Horus and Seth. Royal masculinity was strongly adversarial, opposing the enemies of Egypt

  12. I Am a Chameleon In Pearls: How Three Select Female Superintendents Perceive Their Professional Lives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Catherine

    2012-10-19

    The public school superintendent is the least progressive position in education at integrating women and balancing the scales of equitable representation. Statistical data indicates there are far fewer females than males serving as superintendents...

  13. Sex Differences in Stress Response Circuitry Activation Dependent on Female Hormonal Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbs, Brandon

    Understanding sex differences in stress regulation has important implications for understanding basic physiological differences in the male and female brain and their impact on vulnerability to sex differences in chronic ...

  14. Gender differences in office occupant perception of indoor environmental quality (IEQ)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jungsoo; de Dear, Richard; Candido, Christhina; Zhang, Hui; Arens, Edward

    2013-01-01

    and potential improvements. Ergonomics. 2005;48:25-37. [8]and sensations. Applied Ergonomics. 1981;12:29-33. [21]males and females at rest. Ergonomics. 1991;34:365-78. [28

  15. Vocal Control Region Sizes of an Adult Female Songbird Change Seasonally in the Absence of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deviche, Pierre

    ­211, 2000 Keywords: junco; androgen; HVc; sexual dimorphism; plasticity In oscine birds, song is a learned birds, brain areas [vocal control regions (VCRs)] that control vocal behavior learning and expression. In behaviorally dimorphic species, VCRs are larger in males than females and change seasonally also in females

  16. Bower paint removal leads to reduced female visits, suggesting bower paint functions as a chemical signal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgia, Gerald

    Bower paint removal leads to reduced female visits, suggesting bower paint functions as a chemical unique display elements, bower painting, has received relatively little attention despite males' large of masticated vegetation and male saliva or `bower paint' to a chest-high band inside their bower walls

  17. Special Colloquium : Looking at High Energy Physics from a gender studies perspective

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Human actors, workplace cultures and knowledge production: Gender studies analyse the social constructions and cultural representations of gender. Using methods and tools from the humanities and social science, we look at all areas, including the natural sciences and technology, science education and research labs. After a short introduction to gender studies, the main focus of my talk will be the presentation of selected research findings on gender and high energy physics. You will hear about an ongoing research project on women in neutrino physics and learn about a study on the world of high energy physicists characterised by "rites of passage" and "male tales" told during a life in physics. I will also present a study on how the HEP community communicates, and research findings on the naming culture in HEP. Getting to know findings from another field on your own might contribute to create a high energy physics culture that is fair and welcoming to all genders.

  18. OFFICE OF EQUITY AND INCLUSION ANNUAL REPORT STUDENTS BY DEPARTMENT, GENDER AND PRIMARY ETHNICITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Agriculture & Natural Resources Agriculture & Nat Resources Female 15 0 0 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Male 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Male 4 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total-Agriculture & Natural Resources 622 22 13 38 1 60 and Info Sciences Female 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 Male 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 0 4 Entomology & Wildlife

  19. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY5 Females

  20. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 290 Females

  1. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 290 Females8

  2. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 290 Females84

  3. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 290 Females844

  4. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 290 Females8446

  5. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 2904 Females

  6. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 2904 Females76

  7. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29043 Females

  8. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29043 Females2

  9. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29043 Females25

  10. Gender and Sexuality in the Parthenon Frieze

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1997-01-01

    This study examines the gendered roles of people in the Parthenon frieze against the background of idealized gender and sexual roles in 5th century BCE Athens....

  11. Discovery and identification of a male-killing agent in the Japanese ladybird Propylea japonica (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majerus, Tamsin MO; Majerus, Michael EN

    2010-02-11

    Lond B Bio 1999, 266:735-740. 13. Dyson EA, Kamath MK, Hurst GD: Wolbachia infection associated with all- female broods in Hypolimnas bolina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): evidence for horizontal transmission of a butterfly male killer. Heredity 2002, 88...

  12. The Possible Role of Resource Requirements and Academic Career-Choice Risk on Gender Differences in Publication Rate and Impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duch, Jordi; Sales-Pardo, Marta; Radicchi, Filippo; Otis, Shayna; Woodruff, Teresa K; Amaral, Luis A Nunes; 10.1371/journal.pone.0051332

    2012-01-01

    Many studies demonstrate that there is still a significant gender bias, especially at higher career levels, in many areas including science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). We investigated field-dependent, gender-specific effects of the selective pressures individuals experience as they pursue a career in academia within seven STEM disciplines. We built a unique database that comprises 437,787 publications authored by 4,292 faculty members at top United States research universities. Our analyses reveal that gender differences in publication rate and impact are discipline-specific. Our results also support two hypotheses. First, the widely-reported lower publication rates of female faculty are correlated with the amount of research resources typically needed in the discipline considered, and thus may be explained by the lower level of institutional support historically received by females. Second, in disciplines where pursuing an academic position incurs greater career risk, female faculty ten...

  13. Gender Equity in Academic Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Gender Equity in Academic Medicine Molly Carnes, MD, MS Professor of Medicine, Psychiatry equity and why it is important for academic medicine? · How social science research helps us understand

  14. Gender determination of avian embryo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daum, Keith A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Atkinson, David A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2002-01-01

    Disclosed is a method for gender determination of avian embryos. During the embryo incubation process, the outer hard shells of eggs are drilled and samples of allantoic fluid are removed. The allantoic fluids are directly introduced into an ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) for analysis. The resulting spectra contain the relevant marker peaks in the positive or negative mode which correlate with unique mobilities which are sex-specific. This way, the gender of the embryo can be determined.

  15. Effects of social cues on GnRH-I, GnRH-II, and reproductive physiology in female house

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Troy G.

    Effects of social cues on GnRH-I, GnRH-II, and reproductive physiology in female house sparrows Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, USA c Department of Animal Physiology(s) of male social cues on the peripheral and neural responses of female house sparrows (Passer domesticus

  16. Sex-Specific Signaling in the BloodBrain Barrier Is Required for Male Courtship in Drosophila

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dauwalder, Brigitte

    .1371/journal.pgen.1003217 Editor: Claude Desplan, New York University, United States of America Received March-specific alternative splicing results in males that express the transcription factors DSXM and FRUM, and females it functions in metabolism, energy storage, immune function and yolk protein synthesis in females. It also

  17. Tactics for male reproductive success in plants: contrasting insights of sex allocation theory and pollen presentation theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomson, James D.

    allocation theory is that an organism's reproductive success, through either male or female function, can in that function. The shapes of these curves determine what patterns of resource allocation can be evolutionarily and female function. Sex allocation theory matured rapidly through the efforts of Charnov 55(1979, 1982

  18. 2-(Undecyloxy)-ethanol is a major component of the male-produced aggregation pheromone of Monochamus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanks, Lawrence M.

    2-(Undecyloxy)-ethanol is a major component of the male-produced aggregation pheromone and identified as 2-(undecyloxy)-ethanol. In analyses by GC coupled to electroantennography the only consistent, Sweden, and China. 2-(Undecyl- oxy)-ethanol was attractive to both male and female M. sutor beetles

  19. Gender stereotypes in Canadian picture books 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berthelot, Jennifer Gail

    1997-01-01

    This research sought to quantify gender representation in a sample of award winning Canadian picture books. A reliable content analysis was used to collect data pertaining to the visibility of genders in titles, main roles, ...

  20. Leptin acts centrally to induce the prepubertal secretion of luteinizing hormone in the female rat: a potential early role in the pubertal process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dearth, Robert Keith

    1999-01-01

    Recent data generated from adult male and female rats indicates that lepton is capable of stimulating luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion via a hypothalamic action. Consequently, we hypothesized that this peptide may similarly play a role...

  1. Difference as a means of defiance: a study of female subjectivity in six Jacobean plays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Mary Grace

    1995-01-01

    betterment. 5 The isolation of Beatrice results from living in the house of a megalomaniac and becoming the victim of incest. As types, Shelley' s Beatrice and Shakespeare's Ophelia offer two models of female response to male containment: a sane response...

  2. Sex allocation in a species with paternal genome elimination: the roles of crowding and female age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuker, David

    Sex allocation in a species with paternal genome elimination: the roles of crowding and female age with paternal genome elimination, both sexes are diploid. However, in males the chromosomes inherited from the father are deactivated during early development and eliminated from the germ line. Sex allocation theory

  3. A New Mutation Causing Male-Male Courtship in Drosophila 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanlon, Stacey LaRae

    2007-09-17

    stream_source_info Stacey Hanlon Thesis 2.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 56136 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Stacey Hanlon Thesis 2.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 A NEW... MUTATION CAUSING MALE-MALE COURTSHIP IN Drosophila A Senior Scholars Thesis by STACEY LARAE HANLON Submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the designation...

  4. Seeing Stars: Female Film Stars and Female Audiences in Post-Colonial Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, JaeYoon

    2008-07-29

    , particularly in relation to such gendered processes as decolonization (and re-colonization), modernization, democratization, and globalization....

  5. Testing vs. Code Inspection vs. ... What Else? Male and Female End Users' Debugging Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fern, Xiaoli Zhang

    Narayanan, Karin Bucht, Russell Drummond, and Xiaoli Fern Oregon State University Corvallis, OR, USA-user programmers to debug spreadsheets and to describe their debugging strategies. Using mixed methods, we analyzed.2 [Information Systems]: User/Machine Systems-- Human factors; H.4.1 [Information Systems Applications]: Office

  6. Incidence-Males Incidence-Females All sites but skin (All ages)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    .0 172.7 11.6 117 3870 *Comoros 73.6 137.7 7.6 75 277 90.9 148.2 10.0 97 339 *Djibouti 89.9 147.6 8.3 79

  7. Courtesy of the M iami Seaquarium Male (left) and female (right) s ea horses (Hippocampus hudsonius)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , it matures and reproduces when about 1 inch lo~. The largest species, !!. ingens, occurs on the coast ot

  8. Making Sense of Male-Female & Husband-Wife Equalities & Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.; Truex, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    Wife Equalities and Inequalities. Wiley Companion to Cross-Wife Equalities & Inequalities Douglas R. White, U.C.wife equalities and inequalities. The first example is by an

  9. The Autoimmune Regulator (AIRE) preserves fertility in male and female Balb/c mice.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Bryce

    2014-12-31

    The Autoimmune Regulator (AIRE) contributes to central immune tolerance through the induction of self-antigen expression within the thymus. In humans, a defect in AIRE results in a multi-organ autoimmune disorder known as ...

  10. Female mating preferences and male signal variation in iridescent Hypolimnas butterflies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macedonia, Joseph

    . Kemp a,b,*, David Jones a , Joseph M. Macedonia c , Andrew K. Krockenberger a,d a School of Marine

  11. The Female of the Species is More Deadly than the Male 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Meg

    1982-01-01

    took here eyes off tho delicate: HlrlnG for a moment and eyed him.ruefully. "It'd be a lot oasior if I could lift tho Hho18 suction (Jut, but those old Ac4ll models aren r t dos ignod to come a,part." He tried. to nod, found it impossibln. "Easters.... In my u~1iv(:rsc, Or climol1S:L0n, or whcrovcr,'l .').Iil the Captain of the Ento:cprise." uIn you:-c imaGination, maybo. In your H ishcs, I \\.iarosay. In realit.y,? never. 11 HHoY! aTC you Going to link with Urock?" She stood ,:tncl facod hiii1p...

  12. YEAR

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    of Employees 14 GENDER YEAR 2012 Males 9 Females 5 YEAR 2012 SES 2 EJEK 2 NN (Engineering) 4 NQ (ProfTechAdmin) 6 YEAR 2012 American Indian Male 0 American Indian Female 0...

  13. Death Penalty: How Newspaper Coverage Has Perpetuated Negative Stereotypes about Female Violence & Gender Roles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraybill, Jeanine E.

    2009-01-01

    commuted, died Paid for the murder of her daughter-in-law toWas charged for two murders. (Case Summaries for Currentto death in the state murder of Corinna Novis (Wride, since

  14. Manipulation of Female Slaves Through Rape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Charlene

    2015-01-01

    of Female Slaves Through Rape By Charlene Xu This projectconcepts of both the rape of female slaves in the antebellumthe definitions of identity and rape. Hence, there are no

  15. A review of "‘A moving Rhetoricke’: Gender and Silence in Early Modern England. Review" by Christina Luckyj 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elisa Oh

    2003-01-01

    , wisdom, plenitude, lack, open rebellion or defiance, bestiality, chaos, ignorance, androgyny (i.e., containing both traditionally male and female qualities), and, for women, an ?inscrutable? space of private subjectivity that is beyond the definition..., effeminate defeat, and stoic masculinity, while Volumnia?s equally complex and indeterminate silence can be seen as feigned submission, pride, and/or self-suffi- ciency. For male writers, the overdetermined silence of women characters came to stand for a...

  16. The effect of individualized self-paced single-gender classrooms on reading and math scores at the mclennan county challenge academy in Waco, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Marilyn Ann

    2009-05-15

    The intent of this study is to determine the effects on the reading and math scores of females segregated into single-gender alternative classrooms that had the benefit of an individualized, self-paced curriculum. The Challenge Academy testing clerk...

  17. A review of "Learning and Literacy in Female Hands, 1520-1698" by Elizabeth Mazzola 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malay, Jessica L.

    2014-01-01

    to decode these. Chapter Three examines the relationship between women and their writing masters, scribes, and secretaries, considering the ways in which mes- sages were transmitted, the metaphorical resonances found in the use of an amanuensis... and resistance in this relationship. Here, she also mentions the role of male scribes in the transcribing or recording of female voices, as in the case of Anne Southwell. And she discusses the proliferation of legal instruments that recorded and transmitted...

  18. Inhalation reproductive toxicology studies: Male dominant lethal study of n-hexane in Swiss (CD-1) mice: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mast, T.J.; Rommereim, R.L.; Evanoff, J.J.; Sasser, L.B.; Decker, J.R.; Stoney, K.H.; Weigel, R.J.; Westerberg, R.B.

    1988-08-01

    The straight-chain hydrocarbon, n-hexane, is a volatile, ubiquitous solvent routinely used in industrial environments; consequently, the opportunity for industrial, environmental or accidental exposure to hexane vapors is significant. Although myelinated nerve tissue is the primary target organ of hexane, the testes have also been identified as being sensitive to hexacarbon exposure. The objective of this study was to evaluate male dominant lethal effects in Swiss (CD-1) mice after exposure to 0, 200, 1000, or 5000 ppM n-hexane, 20 h/day for 5 consecutive days. Each exposure concentration consisted of 30 randomly selected, proven male breeders; 4 groups. The mice were weighed just prior to the first day of exposure and at weekly intervals until sacrifice. Ten males in each dose group were sacrificed one day after the cessation of exposure, and their testes and epididymides were removed for evaluation of the germinal epithelium. The remaining male mice, 20 per group, were individually housed in hanging wire-mesh breeding cages where they were mated with unexposed, virgin females for eight weekly intervals; new females were provided each week. The mated females were sacrificed 12 days after the last day of cohabitation and their reproductive status and the number and viability of the implants were recorded. The appearance and behavior of the male mice were unremarkable throughout the study period and no evidence of n-hexane toxicity was observed. 18 refs., 3 figs., 11 tabs.

  19. Hysterectomies and gender identity among Serbian women 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukovic, Masa

    2009-05-15

    In this qualitative study, I explore the impact of national culture on the gender identity of Serbian women with hysterectomies, with special emphasis on traditional motherhood discourse and its implications for women who ...

  20. University of Oxford Gender Equality Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Mark

    is championing an application for an Athena SWAN award at the same time as the University is seeking renewal of gender equality in Oxford remain models to us all. Dr Sally Mapstone Pro-Vice Chancellor (Personnel

  1. Name Law and Gender in Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willson, Kendra

    2009-01-01

    in early nineteenth-century Iceland. ” History of the FamilyMA thesis, University of Iceland. Guðrún Kvaran and SigurðurName Law and Gender in Iceland by Kendra Willson CSW JUN09

  2. Bride Price and Female Education Nava Ashraf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jack

    Bride Price and Female Education Nava Ashraf Natalie Bau Nathan Nunn§ Alessandra Voena¶ November 1 also inspire condemnation. The custom of bride price, prevalent throughout sub-Saharan Africa that previously found small eects on female enrollment mask heterogeneity by bride price tradition. Ethnic groups

  3. www.livestrong.org Female Infertility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brent, Roger

    to have children due to the effects of cancer treatment. By identifying your risk for infertility, you can treatment, there are other options for having children. Female Infertility Some female cancer survivors find that they are not able to have children due to the effects of cancer treatment. By identifying your risk for infertility

  4. The Gendering of Film and Television Casting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Erin

    2011-01-01

    by Erin Hill contents Why did casting, which in its presentbecame interested in casting, a female- dominated professionindustry, after observing the casting process carried out at

  5. Participants 60 undergraduate students (30 male)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    Long Term Goals Feature Term Pilot Study Results · possible to reverse engineer a body similarity space descriptions when physical measurements are known Future · test perceptual validity of body space using, proporDoned gender terms · masculine, feminine "Weight" More heavy More skinny

  6. The relationship of male socialization and personality pathology in male batterer subtypes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shefferman, Lee

    2007-09-17

    clusters. Four variables were theorized to best represent Jennings and Murphy'Ã?Â?s (2000) model, including: the Masculine-Feminine (MF) clinical scale, Social Introversion (Si) clinical scale, Gender-Masculine (GM) supplementary scale and Low Self...

  7. Hepatic injury induces contrasting response in liver and kidney to chemicals that are metabolically activated: Role of male sex hormone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Young C. [College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, San 56-1 Shinrim-Dong, Kwanak-Ku, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: youckim@snu.ac.kr; Yim, Hye K.; Jung, Young S. [College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, San 56-1 Shinrim-Dong, Kwanak-Ku, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Jae H. [College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, San 56-1 Shinrim-Dong, Kwanak-Ku, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sung Y. [College of Pharmacy, Wonkwang University, 344-2 Shinyong-Dong, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-08-15

    Injury to liver, resulting in loss of its normal physiological/biochemical functions, may adversely affect a secondary organ. We examined the response of the liver and kidney to chemical substances that require metabolic activation for their toxicities in mice with a preceding liver injury. Carbon tetrachloride treatment 24 h prior to a challenging dose of carbon tetrachloride or acetaminophen decreased the resulting hepatotoxicity both in male and female mice as determined by histopathological examination and increases in serum enzyme activities. In contrast, the renal toxicity of the challenging toxicants was elevated markedly in male, but not in female mice. Partial hepatectomy also induced similar changes in the hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity of a challenging toxicant, suggesting that the contrasting response of male liver and kidney was associated with the reduction of the hepatic metabolizing capacity. Carbon tetrachloride pretreatment or partial hepatectomy decreased the hepatic xenobiotic-metabolizing enzyme activities in both sexes but elevated the renal p-nitrophenol hydroxylase, p-nitroanisole O-demethylase and aminopyrine N-demethylase activities significantly only in male mice. Increases in Cyp2e1 and Cyp2b expression were also evident in male kidney. Castration of males or testosterone administration to females diminished the sex-related differences in the renal response to an acute liver injury. The results indicate that reduction of the hepatic metabolizing capacity induced by liver injury may render secondary target organs susceptible to chemical substances activated in these organs. This effect may be sex-specific. It is also suggested that an integrated approach should be taken for proper assessment of chemical hazards.

  8. Evolution of Surname Distribution under Gender-Equality Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toral, Raúl

    Evolution of Surname Distribution under Gender- Equality Measures Luis F. Lafuerza, Raul Toral Mallorca, Spain Abstract We consider a model for the evolution of surname distribution under a gender, Toral R (2011) Evolution of Surname Distribution under Gender-Equality Measures. PLoS ONE 6(4): e18105

  9. AAPT Philadelphia 1/02 Gender, Educational Reform,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Mingshen

    AAPT Philadelphia 1/02 Gender, Educational Reform, and Instructional Assessment: Part I Laura McCullough, UW-Stout Catherine H. Crouch, Harvard Univ. #12;AAPT Philadelphia 1/02 Is there a gender problem, 1999) found gender difference on FCI pretest, little difference on post-test #12;AAPT Philadelphia 1

  10. Feminism and the (Trans)gender Entrapment of Gender Nonconforming Prisoners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oparah, Julia C.

    2012-01-01

    See, e.g. , TRANSGENDER RIGHTS (Paisley Currah et al. eds. ,gender congruence. 22 The trans 17. Paisley Currah et al. ,RIGHTs at xiii, xiv (Paisley Currah et al. eds. , 2006) 18.

  11. Gender Balance Action Plan Gender imbalance in the mathematical sciences at all levels of seniority has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    advisor. Require programme proposals and final reports to contain summary statistics on gender. Director· Emerging Technologies Make imaginative use of web and audio-visual technologies to facilitate virtual

  12. "Gender Fund" : creating a virtual mutual fund investing in firms with gender diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomic, Maria

    2015-01-01

    "Companies with more women board directors experience higher financial performance" (Bottom Line report from Catalyst). This shows that gender diversity at the board level is a hot topic. In October 2014, Credit Suisse ...

  13. Progress on linking gender and sustainable energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farhar, B.

    2000-04-05

    The field of gender and energy has been identified as critical in global sustainable energy development and is increasingly important to decision makers. The theme of women and energy was of significance at the 1998 World Renewable Energy Congress in Florence, Italy. This paper traces further developments in this field by summarizing selected programmatic initiatives, meetings, and publications over the past 18 months.

  14. SHORT COMMUNICATION A rare fight in female plains zebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubenstein, Daniel I.

    SHORT COMMUNICATION A rare fight in female plains zebra Ilya R. Fischhoff · Siva R. Sundaresan and Springer 2009 Abstract We describe a fight between two female plains zebra (Equus burchelli). Plains zebra observed. The fight immediately followed the birth of a foal to one of the females. The initiating female

  15. NOTE / NOTE Effects of constrained females on offspring sex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Bethia H.

    NOTE / NOTE Effects of constrained females on offspring sex ratios of Nasonia vitripennis constrained females affect sex ratio are few. Constrained females are those that can produce only sons (e the probability of a female being constrained and thus affected sex ratio directly. Local mate competition theory

  16. Interventional Radiology of Male Varicocele: Current Status

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iaccarino, Vittorio Venetucci, Pietro

    2012-12-15

    Varicocele is a fairly common condition in male individuals. Although a minor disease, it may cause infertility and testicular pain. Consequently, it has high health and social impact. Here we review the current status of interventional radiology of male varicocele. We describe the radiological anatomy of gonadal veins and the clinical aspects of male varicocele, particularly the physical examination, which includes a new clinical and ultrasound Doppler maneuver. The surgical and radiological treatment options are also described with the focus on retrograde and antegrade sclerotherapy, together with our long experience with these procedures. Last, we compare the outcomes, recurrence and persistence rates, complications, procedure time and cost-effectiveness of each method. It clearly emerges from this analysis that there is a need for randomized multicentre trials designed to compare the various surgical and percutaneous techniques, all of which are aimed at occlusion of the anterior pampiniform plexus.

  17. .Female Pupils Perception of Electrical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tal, Ayellet

    1 .Female Pupils Perception of Electrical Engineering OrzitHazzan Technion--Israel Institute. BACKGROUND The Department of Electrical Engineering at Technion1 TheDepartmentofElectricalEngineeringatTechnion is ranked among the top-10 electrical engineering and computer science departments in the world

  18. INCREASING REPRESENTATION, MAINTAINING HIERARCHY: AN ASSESSMENT OF GENDER AND MEDICAL SPECIALIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Georgiann; Allison, Rachel

    2013-01-01

    , it is important to use multiple data sources throughout time to explore the nature of male and female medical students’ residency choices. We use data from the Association of American Medical College’s (AAMC) 2004 Graduation Questionnaire (GQ) to examine our... to previous GQ’s, no study that we are aware of has used the 2004 GQ to look at the question of medical specialization. This is a unique dataset of all graduating medical students in the United States in 2004, which contains an array of standard demographic...

  19. Is Female to Male as Nature Is to Culture? Medicine, Myth and Matriarchy in the Thera Frescoes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehak, Paul; Snihurowych, Roman R.

    1997-01-01

    This unpublished presentation examines the frescoes in Xeste 3, Akrotiri, Thera, identifies the presence of saffron in the frescoes, and correlates the effects of consuming large amounts of saffron (and thereby large amounts ...

  20. Is Female to Male as Nature Is to Culture? Medicine, Myth and Matriarchy in the Thera Frescoes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehak, Paul; Snihurowych, Roman R.

    1997-01-01

    This abstract is of a paper given at the 1997 American Philological Association meetings; it describes how saffron is rich in vitamin A and vitamin A's beneficial and deleterious effects as a pharmaceutical.

  1. The effects of two situational variables on the self-confidence of males and females in achievement settings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Susan Marilyn Hartman

    1977-01-01

    - ~uivocal feedback on individuals' abilities, women do not have lower self-confidence than men. Feather and. Simon (1971) found no sex differences in conf1dence of passing a subsequent anagruns test when the subjects had been given feedback in the form oi..., 94 ) I ? 5. 28, yg . 01. A Scheffe's comparison of means revealed that subjects who were given clear feedback were significantly more conf1dent in same-sex competition (X= 4. 26) and less confident in oppos1te-sex competition (X= 2. 71), g g . 05...

  2. The role of constrictor prostanoids in the development of aortic coarctation-induced hypertension in male and female rats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltzer, Wendy Irene

    2005-02-17

    function and arterial blood pressure (MAP) during development of aortic coarctation-induced hypertension (HT). M and F rats, (15-18 wks.) in four groups: normotensive (NT), hypertensive (HT), ovariectomized (OVX), and OVX estrogen-replaced (OE), underwent...

  3. TAKE AND AVERfI.GE VALUE OF PRIBILOF ISLANDS FUR SEP~ SKINS, 1956-1960 Year Male Female Total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breeding grounds of the northern fur seals: Robben Island (Kaihyoto or Tyuleniy Island) off Sakhalin

  4. Taylor, P.D. and Smith, S.M. 1989. Activities and physiological states of male and female Tabanus sackeni.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Phil

    seasonal ponds (sloughs). Most of our work was carried out along a dirt road leading to a small clearing a beach (UTM: 17 MS 305 815; `the cottage'). About 400 white-tailed deer (Cervidae; Odocoileus virginianus

  5. First male sperm precedence in multiply-mated females of the cooperative spider Anelosimus studiosus (Araneae, Theridiidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Thomas C.

    University, Johnson City, Tennessee 37614, USA. E-mail: jonestc@etsu.edu Patricia G. Parker: Department

  6. The Role of Androgens in Male Pregnancy and Female Competitive Behavior in a Sex Role Reversed Pipefish 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scobell, Sunny Kay

    2012-02-14

    and otherwise, the logistical support in the vii field, the lab, and the fish room, the constructive criticism, the laughs, the lunches, and most of all, your friendship. Thanks to all of my undergraduate research assistants at Texas A&M University... to the University of Texas Marine Science Institute, Rick Kline, and Dr. Izhar Khan for allowing me to use your centrifuge for my field-collected blood samples. I also want to thank Dr. Ingo Schlupp from the University of Oklahoma for introducing me to Gil...

  7. O Que Não Dá Chupa: The Male-to-Female ‘Homosexual’ As Star of Brazil’s Economic Boom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costa, Diego

    2012-01-01

    Homosexual” As The Star of Brazil’s Economic Boom (earlyof Southern California Two of Brazil’s most re-occurringabout itself are that Brazil is the country of the future,

  8. Refined understanding of sulfur amino acid nutrition in hybrid striped bass, Morone chrysops (male symbol) x M. saxatilis (female symbol) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Mark Christopher

    2005-08-29

    of mortality and vulnerability to fungal disease compared to bass fed diets containing higher levels of methionine. In contrast, Griffin et al. (1994) estimated the requirement of hybrid striped bass for TSAA to be 0.7% of diet which is considerably lower... fed a diet containing L-methionine. Feed efficiency, expressed as g gain/g dry feed, for fish fed MHA was 0.66 compared to 0.77 for fish fed L- methionine. Thus, MHA was not as efficiently used as L-methionine by hybrid striped bass. In channel...

  9. O Que Não Dá Chupa: The Male-to-Female ‘Homosexual’ As Star of Brazil’s Economic Boom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costa, Diego

    2012-01-01

    pulled out of poverty in the Lula years (2002-2010); thewhen those 20 million people Lula pulled out of poverty were

  10. Gender Equity in Materials Science and Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Angus Rockett

    2008-12-01

    At the request of the University Materials Council, a national workshop was convened to examine 'Gender Equity Issues in Materials Science and Engineering.' The workshop considered causes of the historic underrepresentation of women in materials science and engineering (MSE), with a goal of developing strategies to increase the gender diversity of the discipline in universities and national laboratories. Specific workshop objectives were to examine efforts to level the playing field, understand implicit biases, develop methods to minimize bias in all aspects of training and employment, and create the means to implement a broadly inclusive, family-friendly work environment in MSE departments. Held May 18-20, 2008, at the Conference Center at the University of Maryland, the workshop included heads and chairs of university MSE departments and representatives of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the Department of Energy (DOE-BES), and the national laboratories. The following recommendations are made based on the outcomes of the discussions at the workshop. Many or all of these apply equally well to universities and national laboratories and should be considered in context of industrial environments as well. First, there should be a follow-up process by which the University Materials Council (UMC) reviews the status of women in the field of MSE on a periodic basis and determines what additional changes should be made to accelerate progress in gender equity. Second, all departments should strengthen documentation and enforcement of departmental procedures such that hiring, promotion, compensation, and tenure decisions are more transparent, that the reasons why a candidate was not selected or promoted are clear, and that faculty are less able to apply their biases to personnel decisions. Third, all departments should strengthen mentoring of junior faculty. Fourth, all departments must raise awareness of gender biases and work to eliminate hostile attitudes and environments that can make academic and national laboratory careers unattractive to women. Fifth, with respect to raising awareness among faculty, staff and students, a new type of training session should be developed that would be more effective in conveying the facts and consequences of gender bias than the conventional presentations typically available, which seem not to be highly effective in changing attitudes or behaviors. Sixth, it is proposed that the UMC establish a certification of 'family-friendly' or 'gender equivalent' institutions that would encourage organizations to meet standards for minimizing gender bias and promoting supportive work environments. Seventh, novel approaches to adjusting job responsibilities of faculty, staff, and students to permit them to deal with family/life issues are needed that do not carry stigmas. Finally, faculty and national laboratory staff need to promote the benefits of their careers to women so that a more positive image of the job of materials scientist or materials engineer is presented.

  11. Socioecology of Marmots: Female Reproductive Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersen, Douglas C.; Armitage, Kenneth; Hoffmann, Robert S.

    1976-05-01

    of behavioral profiles (Svendsen and Armitage 1973). Females may be social or solitary; individual reproductive success varies ac- cording to the social situation (Downhower and Armitage 1971, Svendsen 1974). All members of the genus Marmota hibernate...-bellied marmot populations. Ecology 55:1233-1245. Armitage, K. B., J. F. Downhower and G. E. Svendsen. 1976. (In press) Seasonal changes in weights of marmots. Am. Midl. Nat. Barash, D. P. 1973a. The social biology of the Olym- pic marmot. Anim. Behav...

  12. Domestic Violations in Spanish Cinema: Reframing Gendered Violence Onscreen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saenz, Noelia

    2009-01-01

    Feminist Discourse and Spanish Cinema: Sight Unseen (Oxford:DVD. Marsha Kinder. Blood Cinema: The Reconstruction ofViolations in Spanish Cinema: Reframing Gendered Violence

  13. Gender Trends in Radiation Oncology in the United States: A 30-Year Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmed, Awad A.; Egleston, Brian; Holliday, Emma; Eastwick, Gary; Takita, Cristiane; Jagsi, Reshma

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Although considerable research exists regarding the role of women in the medical profession in the United States, little work has described the participation of women in academic radiation oncology. We examined women's participation in authorship of radiation oncology literature, a visible and influential activity that merits specific attention. Methods and Materials: We examined the gender of first and senior US physician-authors of articles published in the Red Journal in 1980, 1990, 2000, 2004, 2010, and 2012. The significance of trends over time was evaluated using logistic regression. Results were compared with female representation in journals of general medicine and other major medical specialties. Findings were also placed in the context of trends in the representation of women among radiation oncology faculty and residents over the past 3 decades, using Association of American Medical Colleges data. Results: The proportion of women among Red Journal first authors increased from 13.4% in 1980 to 29.7% in 2012, and the proportion among senior authors increased from 3.2% to 22.6%. The proportion of women among radiation oncology full-time faculty increased from 11% to 26.7% from 1980 to 2012. The proportion of women among radiation oncology residents increased from 27.1% to 33.3% from 1980 to 2010. Conclusions: Female first and senior authorship in the Red Journal has increased significantly, as has women's participation among full-time faculty, but women remain underrepresented among radiation oncology residents compared with their representation in the medical student body. Understanding such trends is necessary to develop appropriately targeted interventions to improve gender equity in radiation oncology.

  14. Gender Studies Graduate Student Library Orientation, Fall 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Nick

    collection based on Library of Congress Classification. Depending on your research focus you may require1 Gender Studies Graduate Student Library Orientation, Fall 2012 Research Resources Librarian for Gender Studies: Sylvia Andrychuk andrychs@queensu.ca Office: Stauffer Library, room 107C Queen

  15. Playing and Passing: Expressions of Identity and the Destabilization of Gender Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmore, Kim J.

    2010-01-01

    one to mess with’: The Construction of the Butch Role in thethe Destabilization of Gender Construction A Dissertationthe Destabilization of Gender Construction by Kim J. Palmore

  16. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in South Dakota

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad

    2015-01-01

    Offensive’ Nametag Files Discrimination Complaint, M AD Wand Gender Identity Discrimination 1998-2008, 84 C HI . -Kand Gender Identity Discrimination 1998-2008, 84 C HI . -K

  17. Drowning out the Silence: Nigerian Civil War Literature and the Politics of Gender-Based Violence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    Civil War are rare and rape, abuse, and gender-selectivewar suggest that incidents of rape, sexual Hancock | 2regards to accounts of rape, sexual exploitation, gender-

  18. Male painted gobies (Pomatoschistus pictus) vocalise to defend territories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Male painted gobies (Pomatoschistus pictus) vocalise to defend territories M.C.P. Amorim1,3) & A painted gobies, Pomatoschistus pictus, and related acoustic parameters with male traits and the date

  19. Courses: Women's and Gender Studies (WGS) Page 381Sonoma State University 2015-2016 Catalog Women's and Gender Studies (WGS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    in the social construction of modern gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and queer (GLBTQ) identities. StudentsS 280 WoMen'S BodieS: HeALtH And iMAge (4) This course examines research and theory about the health. This includes health advocacy, gendered representations, women's health movements, the gender politics

  20. www.livestrong.org.livestrong.org Male InfertilityMale Infertility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brent, Roger

    that they are not able to have children due to the effects of cancer treatment. By identifying your risk for infertility that they are not able to have children due to the effects of cancer treatment. By identifying your risk for infertility completed treatment, there are other options for having children. Male Infertility: Detailed Information

  1. Impact of El Nino on the foraging behavior of female northern elephant seals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crocker, D E; Costa, Daniel P; Le Boeuf, B J; Webb, P M; Houser, D S

    2006-01-01

    females foraging in non-El Niño years; s : females foraginggain. M : females from non-El Niño years; s : females fromFEATURE ARTICLE Impact of El Niño on the foraging behavior

  2. The Role of Vitamin E in the Treatment of Male Infertility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen, Joanne C

    2006-01-01

    be recommended as a treatment for male infertility. However,F (2005) Treatment of male infertility. Contraception. 72:in the treatment of male infertility A handful of studies

  3. SP.406 / WGS.406 Sexual and Gender Identities, Fall 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surkan, Kim

    This course introduces scholarly debates about sexual identities, gender identities and expressions, and sexual orientation and its representation in various media. We begin with an investigation of the theoretical ...

  4. SP.406 / WGS.406 Sexual and Gender Identities, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surkan, Kim

    This course introduces scholarly debates about sexual identities, gender identities and expressions, and sexual orientation and its representation in various media. We begin with an investigation of the theoretical ...

  5. SP.406 / WMN.406 Sexual and Gender Identities, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surkan, Kim

    This course introduces scholarly debates about sexual identities, gender identities and expressions, and sexual orientation and its representation in various media. We begin with an investigation of the theoretical ...

  6. Flirty Fishing – Gender Ethics and the Jesus Revolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Julianne

    2014-01-01

    1971. Raine, Susan. " Flirty Fishing in the Children of God:PhD student Flirty Fishing – Gender Ethics and the Jesusthe movement known as “flirty fishing. ” Who Were the Jesus

  7. Professional Role Confidence and Gendered Persistence in Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cech, Erin

    Social psychological research on gendered persistence in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professions is dominated by two explanations: women leave because they perceive their family plans to be at ...

  8. SWORDTAIL MATE CHOICE AND REPRODUCTIVE ALLOCATION: EFFECTS OF MALE CONDITION 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Suzanne

    2011-04-26

    linear mixed model HF High-food LF Low-food R Statistical program used for data analysis vi TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT... were placed on a ?High-food? (HF) or ?Low-food? (LF) diet with 30 HF and 30 LF. Within each group (HF or LF) the males were then divided into tanks with 5 males per tank. Thus we had 6 HF replicates and 6 LF replicates. The males were consistently fed...

  9. Assessing Personality Across 13 Countries Using the California Adult Q-Sort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanes, Esther

    2015-01-01

    Male:South  Africa   Male:Switzerland-­?Female:South  Korea   Male:Switzerland-­?Male:South  Korea   Male:UK-­?Female:US-­?Male:Switzerland   Male:US-­?Male:Switzerland  

  10. A Female Homo erectus Pelvis from Gona, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    fossil hom- inid adult pelves are from small-bodied females (such as the 3.2-million-year-old describe a nearly complete early Pleistocene adult female H. erectus pelvis from the Busidima Formation Australopithecus afarensis specimen A.L. 288-1an/ao and the ~2.5- to 2.8-million-year-old Au. africanus specimen

  11. Management of Male Breast Cancer in the United States: A Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fields, Emma C.; DeWitt, Peter; Fisher, Christine M.; Rabinovitch, Rachel

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: To analyze the stage-specific management of male breast cancer (MBC) with surgery and radiation therapy (RT) and relate them to outcomes and to female breast cancer (FBC). Methods and Materials: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was queried for all primary invasive MBC and FBC diagnosed from 1973 to 2008. Analyzable data included age, race, registry, grade, stage, estrogen and progesterone receptor status, type of surgery, and use of RT. Stage was defined as localized (LocD): confined to the breast; regional (RegD): involving skin, chest wall, and/or regional lymph nodes; and distant: M1. The primary endpoint was cause-specific survival (CSS). Results: A total of 4276 cases of MBC and 718,587 cases of FBC were identified. Male breast cancer constituted 0.6% of all breast cancer. Comparing MBC with FBC, mastectomy (M) was used in 87.4% versus 38.3%, and breast-conserving surgery in 12.6% versus 52.6% (P<10{sup ?4}). For males with LocD, CSS was not significantly different for the 4.6% treated with lumpectomy/RT versus the 70% treated with M alone (hazard ratio [HR] 1.33; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.49-3.61; P=.57). Postmastectomy RT was delivered in 33% of males with RegD and was not associated with an improvement in CSS (HR 1.11; 95% CI 0.88-1.41; P=.37). There was a significant increase in the use of postmastectomy RT in MBC over time: 24.3%, 27.2%, and 36.8% for 1973-1987, 1988-1997, and 1998-2008, respectively (P<.0001). Cause-specific survival for MBC has improved: the largest significant change was identified for men diagnosed in 1998-2008 compared with 1973-1987 (HR 0.73; 95% CI 0.60-0.88; P=.0004). Conclusions: Surgical management of MBC is dramatically different than for FBC. The majority of males with LocD receive M despite equivalent CSS with lumpectomy/RT. Postmastectomy RT is greatly underutilized in MBC with RegD, although a CSS benefit was not demonstrated. Outcomes for MBC are improving, attributable to improved therapy and its use in this unscreened population.

  12. Regulation and Execution of Meiosis in Drosophh Males

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9 Regulation and Execution of Meiosis in Drosophh Males lean Maines and Steven Wasserm. Identification of Male Meiotic Mutant\\ IT. Regulation of the Meiotic Cell Divisions A. Entry into Meiosis B. Regulation of the Cell Cycle Machinery C. Coordination of Meio\\i\\ with Diflerentiation D. Regulation

  13. Male Weaponry in a Fighting Cricket Kevin A. Judge1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwynne, Darryl T.

    Male Weaponry in a Fighting Cricket Kevin A. Judge1 *, Vanessa L. Bonanno1,2 1 Department fights in Chinese culture, field crickets (Orthoptera, Gryllidae, Gryllinae) are not known to possess weaponry won more fights and increasing differences in weaponry size between males increased the fighting

  14. Muteness in Organizational Computer-Mediated Communication: A Critical Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissack, Heather

    2012-07-16

    to analyze 18 discussion forums from three voluntary professional associations representing highly male-populated (mechanical engineering), gender neutral (training and development), and highly female-populated (nursing) industries. Discussion posting...

  15. Perception Based Character Modeling and Animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higa, Mitsutoshi

    1999-01-01

    This thesis explores how humans identify sex (male or female) and judge gender (masculine or feminine) and attractiveness of a computer animated walker. Hip and shoulder movements during the walk cycle and waist-to-hip ...

  16. LGBT Asian and Pacific Islander Individuals and Same-Sex Couples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gates, Gary; Kastanis, Angel

    2013-01-01

    gender matters. Female same-sex couples report a meanthan $25,000 less than male same-sex couples ($88,500 vs. $children. Overall, API same-sex couples are more likely than

  17. An Analysis of Three White Male High School Assistant Principal Perceptions of Black Males Students in a Suburban District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ragsdale, Laura Anne

    2013-05-09

    thinking, but there is no research on assistant principals, who are arguably one of the most influential persons for at-risk students, therefore, as in the case of this study, for Black males. Perceptions of Black males inside and outside of school may...

  18. Differential regulation of apoptosis in slow and fast twitch muscles of aged female F344BN rats

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rice, Kevin M.; Manne, Nandini D. P. K.; Gadde, Murali K.; Paturi, Satyanarayana; Arvapalli, Ravikumar; Blough, Eric

    2015-03-28

    Age-related muscle atrophy is characterized by decreases in muscle mass and is thought be mediated, at least in part, by increases in myocyte apoptosis. Recent data has demonstrated that the degree of muscle loss with aging may differ between males and females while other work has suggested that apoptosis as indicated by DNA fragmentation may be regulated differently in fast- and slow-twitch muscles. Herein, we investigate how aging affects the regulation of muscle apoptosis in the fast-twitch extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and slow-twitch soleus muscles of young (6-month), aged (26-month), and very aged (30-month) female Fischer 344/NNiaHSD × Brown Norway/BiNiamore »(F344BN) rats. Tissue sections were stained with hydroethidium for ROS and protein extract was subjected to immunoblotting for assessing apoptotic markers. Our data suggest that decreases in muscle mass were associated with increased DNA fragmentation (TUNEL positive) and increases in reactive oxygen species (ROS) as determined by hydroethidium staining in both the EDL and soleus. Similar to our previous work using aged male animals, we observed that the time course and magnitude of changes in Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3, caspase-9, and cleavage of ?-fodrin protein were regulated differently between muscles. As a result, These data suggest that aging in the female F344BN rat is associated with decreases in muscle mass, elevations in ROS level, increased muscle cell DNA fragmentation, and alterations in cell membrane integrity and that apoptotic mechanisms may differ between fiber types.« less

  19. Diet composition and performance of female collegiate soccer players 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Mandy Michele

    2001-01-01

    Optimal nutrition for soccer athletes facilitates adaptation to the metabolic and energy demands of training and competition. Limited data have examined habitual dietary practices of female players, especially at the ...

  20. Adult Female English Language Learners: Investment, Identity and Benefits 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wharton, Anna

    2013-07-31

    ELLs are a growing community in the United States and their learning needs are significantly different from younger learners, collegiate ELLs or Adult Basic Education students. Additionally, adult female ELLs have their ...

  1. Fertility, Female Participation in Employment and Reconciliation Policies in Spain 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibanez, Marta

    2010-01-01

    Different aspects of decisions regarding parenthood are analysed. From an institutional perspective, reconciliation policies and features of the female labour market are studied, as well as the values and life views that ...

  2. Gender Equity and Fertility in European Below-Replacement Fertility Countries: Poland and Estonia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iwinska-Nowak, Anna Malgorzata

    2012-02-14

    Poland and Estonia. Additionally, it tests the relative importance of gender equity at the societal level and the level of the family, contrasts the results of using different operationalizations of gender equity in the family, and compares the effects...

  3. SEXUAL MISCONDUCT = Sexual harassment, gender discrimination or bias, sexual assault, rape, stalking or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    SEXUAL MISCONDUCT = Sexual harassment, gender discrimination or bias, sexual assault, rape. SEXUAL MISCONDUCT = Sexual harassment, gender discrimination or bias, sexual assault, rape, stalking inappropriate sexual materials in a location where others can view them. Sexual assault, rape, or attempted

  4. EVALUATION OF THE GENDER PAY EQUITY STUDY AND EQUITY OF FACULTY SALARIES POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    EVALUATION OF THE GENDER PAY EQUITY STUDY AND EQUITY OF FACULTY SALARIES POLICY AT THE UNIVERSITY............................................................................................................. 4 Equity in Faculty Salaries policy the salaries of women faculty and establishing a precedent for regular reviews of faculty gender pay equity (UW

  5. Gendering Insiders and Outsiders. Labour Market Status and Preferences for Job Security. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmenegger, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the role of gender in the relationship between labour market status and preferences for job security. We hypothesize that the insider/outsider theory of employment and unemployment suffers from a gender ...

  6. Finding a Voice: An approach to the human voice from the perspective of singing, speaking Shakespeare, and gender studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navaille, Grace Maye

    2015-01-01

    dressed: Cross-gender Casting in Contemporary Performance.and spirit. I also argue that cross-gender casting – andungendered casting – is a viable casting option; and that,

  7. The Expression of Gender in Synthetic Actors: Modeling and Motion Control Over Invariant Perceptual Cues Leading to Gender Recognition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaughlin, Timothy David

    1994-01-01

    -1 THE EXPRESSION OF GENDER IN SYNTHETIC ACTORS: MODELING AND MOTION CONTROL OVER INVARIANT PERCEPTUAL CUES LEADING TO GENDER RECOGNITION A Thesis by TIMOTHY DAVID MCLAUGHLIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: 7fa //Ik Louis G. Tassinary (Co-Chair of Committee) Tarek Alameldin (Member) Susan Van Baerle (Co...

  8. Achieving gender equality in learning outcomes: Evidence from a non-formal education program in Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gee, Kevin A

    2015-01-01

    education on girls’ achievement and only one examines gender differences in the context of Yemen’s early childhood

  9. Phylogenetic constraint on male parental care in the dabbling ducks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Kevin P.

    Phylogenetic constraint on male parental care in the dabbling ducks Kevin P. Johnson1 {, Frank Mc as being constrained (Gould & Lewontin 1979; Bell 1987; Wagner 1995; Podos 1997). Good empirical examples

  10. Male body image: testosterone's response to body comparisons 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Joshua D.

    2006-08-16

    Although there have been only a few etiological studies that have examined the development and maintenance of body image in males, research fairly consistently reports that exposure and presumed comparison to images of ...

  11. Marine Fisheries On the cover: An adult male

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marine Fisheries ~@\\YJD@W On the cover: An adult male northern fur seal, Callorhinus ursinus., in San Francisco Bay Impact of U.S. Wholesale Demand for Canned Sardines on Market Accessibility

  12. Secondary sex ratios and male lifespan: Damaged or culled cohorts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catalano, Ralph; Bruckner, Tim

    2006-01-01

    9. Lazarus, J. (2002) in Sex Ratios: Concepts and ResearchSecondary sex ratios and male lifespan: Damaged or culledreduce the human secondary sex ratio (i.e. , the odds of a

  13. Supervision Agreement for Faculty of Humanities Centre for Gender Research,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerhardy, Philipp

    Supervision Agreement for Faculty of Humanities Centre for Gender Research, P.O. 1040 Blindern thesis title (or working title of the thesis): Period of agreement: Percentage distribution for master thesis RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS IN THE SUPERVISORY RELATIONSHIP The supervisor and the student

  14. Weird Bodily Noises: Improvising Race, Gender, and Jazz History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Peter

    2013-08-31

    This dissertation explores avant-garde jazz in Kansas City in the late 20th and early 21st centuries to find out how they both reproduce and complicate narratives of jazz history and norms of race and gender. Working in a ...

  15. Exploration of pathways related to the decline in female circumcision in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modrek, Sepideh; Liu, Jenny X

    2013-01-01

    decline in female circumcision in Egypt. BMC Public HealthFemale circumcision in Egypt: social implications, currentfemale circumcision in Egypt: evidence and interpretation.

  16. Latinas Straddling the Prison Pipeline through Gender (Non) Conformity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caraves, Jacqueline

    2014-01-01

    Things: How Female Ex-Prisoners Negotiate Their Neighborhood2007). Golden Gulag: Prisons, Surplus, Crisis and Opposition2009). Latino/as and US Prisons. Behind Bars: Latino/as and

  17. Strategic Male Calling Behavior in an Australian Terrestrial Toadlet (Pseudophryne bibronii)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keogh, Scott

    Strategic Male Calling Behavior in an Australian Terrestrial Toadlet (Pseudophryne bibronii behavior in response to fluctuating social conditions. Within a species, it is not known whether males Pseudophryne bibronii, males construct terrestrial nests and call to advertise territory occupation

  18. Beyond "Pink" and "Blue": Gendered Attitudes towards Robots in Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the microwave oven was originally targeted primarily at men for re-warming simple foods (e.g., pies success: for example, male-dominated "smart house" project teams focused more on centrally networking

  19. Fairer Trade, Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Lori L.; Dar, Jawad

    2015-01-01

    Fairer Trade Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes LORI L. TAYLOR AND JAWAD DAR Mosbacher Institute VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 3 | 2015 There are many inequalities in US tariff policy. Products imported from certain countries enter duty free, while... in 2009 to honor Robert A. Mosbacher, Secretary of Commerce from 1989- 1992 and key architect of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Through our three core programs–Integration of Global Markets, Energy in a Global Economy, and Governance and Public...

  20. RESEARCH Open Access A global assembly of adult female mosquito

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lloyd, Alun

    malaria, dengue, filariasis, chikungunya fever, Rift Valley fever and the arboviral encephalitidesRESEARCH Open Access A global assembly of adult female mosquito mark-release-recapture data to inform the control of mosquito-borne pathogens Carlos A Guerra1,2* , Robert C Reiner Jr1,3 , T Alex

  1. Floral oil collection by male Tetrapedia bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Tetrapediini)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floral oil collection by male Tetrapedia bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Tetrapediini) Simone C 2011 ­ Accepted 23 June 2011 Abstract ­ Several groups of solitary bees, known as oil-collecting bees, oil-collecting bees belong to the tribes Centridini, Tapinotaspidini, and Tetrapediini (Apidae: Apinae

  2. Seasonal migrations of morphometrically mature male snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for specific reproductive stages. Depth variation associated with this migration was examined to deter- mine in cara- pace width (CW), this migration is assumed to culminate on the outer shelf (depths of 100­200 m313 Seasonal migrations of morphometrically mature male snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio

  3. UNCORRECTEDPROOF Winter Plumage Coloration in Male American Goldfinches: Do

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    . Corresponding author: Kevin J. McGraw, Department of Animal Science, University of California-Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. E-mail: kjmcgraw@ucdavis.edu E T H 1 0 1 1 B Dispatch: 21.7.04 Journal: ETH examples in North American birds). At this time, males display striking carotenoid-based orange bill

  4. TRIUMAH 2012 RESULTS MALES BY AGE * distance measured in miles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    TRIUMAH 2012 RESULTS MALES BY AGE * distance measured in miles Last Name First Name Swim Bike Run+ Ferber Warren 0.364 7.390 2.300 10.054 50+ Luther Richard 0.500 6.900 2.420 9.820 Ages Other Strom Thad 0

  5. Brain oxidative stress: Detection and mapping of anti-oxidant marker `Glutathione' in different brain regions of healthy male/female, MCI and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandal, Pravat K.

    Laboratory, National Brain Research Centre, Gurgaon, India b Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 4 November 2011 and AD Statistical significance a b s t r a c t Glutathione (GSH) serves as an important anti

  6. PRE-MATING COMMUNICATION AND HYBRIDIZATION BETWEEN TWO MEADOW KATYDIDS, ORCHELIMUM NIGRIPES AND O. PULCHELLUM (ORTHOPTERA: TETTIGONIIDAE): MALE CALLING SONG AND ASYMMETRIC FEMALE PREFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Ginger

    2010-12-06

    with several savvy and delightful post-doctoral researchers at KU that provided insightful feedback on my research in addition to encouragement and support: Leanna Birge, Anne Danielson- Francois, Gary Miller, and Yihong Zhou. Johannes Schul kindly opened...

  7. Are Virtual Teams More Just? An Investigation of How Reducing Social Categorization Can Increase Female Participation in Male-Dominated Teams. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Triana, Mary C.

    2010-01-14

    Organizations use work teams to solve complex problems in innovative ways. As such, an abundance of diverse ideas, suggestions, and information should help organizations generate quality products and remain competitive. Yet, there is research which...

  8. Quantitative genetics of growth, carcass-quality traits, and disease resistance in hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops [female] x Morone saxatilis [male]) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaoxue

    2009-05-15

    (REML) algorithm were used to estimate variance components associated with dam, sire, and dam x sire interaction effects. Dam and sire effect on juvenile growth (weight, length and growth rates) were significant, whereas dam by sire interaction effect...

  9. Do women represent women? : gender and policy in Argentina and Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piscopo, Jennifer M.

    2011-01-01

    and Gender Quotas in Mexico. ? Electoral Studies 22: 101-of Decentralization: Lessons from Mexico, ed. Marcelo M.Federalismo Fiscal en México. ? MPRA Paper 10572, Munich,

  10. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Alaska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad

    2015-01-01

    and Gender Identity Discrimination 1998-2008, 84 C HI . -KPrejudice: Employment Discrimination against Openly Gay MenExpression to Non-Discrimination Policy, LGBTQNation.com,

  11. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Arizona

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad

    2015-01-01

    and Gender Identity Discrimination 1998-2008, 84 C HI . -KCity Council Votes to Amend Discrimination Law, A RIZ . Rarticles/20130226phoenix-discrimination-law- amend.html?

  12. Gendered perspectives in archaeological narratives of the Danish Bronze Age: deconstructing the binary approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Megan Elizabeth

    2011-11-22

    Utilising a gender critical perspective augmented by statistical analysis, this thesis examines the binary approach customarily employed throughout archaeological narratives pertaining to the Danish Bronze Age. In respect ...

  13. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Montana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad

    2015-01-01

    Benefits) (last visited Dec. Walmart Adds Gender Identity,Clinic, HK Contractors, and Walmart. In addition, both theHK Contractors, 46 and Walmart. 47 Additionally, both public

  14. Excerpt from Domestic Subjects: Gender, Citizenship, and Law in Native American Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piatote, Beth H.

    2013-01-01

    Beth H. Piatote, Domestic Subjects: Gender, Citizenship, andperspective of the indigenous subject there exist not oneand imagination—the very subjects of INTRODUCTION 5 the

  15. Male gender, increased blood viscosity, body mass index and triglyceride levels are independently associated with systemic relative hypertension in sickle cell anemia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Pointe-à-Pitre, Pointe- à-Pitre, Guadeloupe; 2 Université des'Iinvestigation Clinique - Epidémiologie Clinique 802 Inserm Antilles-Guyane, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Pointe-à-Pitre, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe; 5 Unité Transversale de la Drépanocytose, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de

  16. Humor in Castellanos's El eterno femenino: The Fractured Female Image

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNab, Pamela J.

    2000-04-01

    twilight years, when her belated recovery of her self-image reveals a deeply bitter woman. "Luna de miel" focuses on the transition between adolescence and adulthood: the marriage day. The custom of showing blood as evidence of the new wife's loss..., le quita el maquillaje, la deja hecha un desastre" (41). Thus, in both "Luna de miel" and "La anunciación," women perpetuate female misery by adhering to the stereotypes. The newlywed Lupita's hypocrisy incites Juan's clichéd macho response...

  17. Sexual Function in Males After Radiotherapy for Rectal Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruheim, Kjersti, E-mail: Kjersti.bruheim@medisin.uio.n [Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval Cancer Centre, Oslo (Norway); Guren, Marianne G. [Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval Cancer Centre, Oslo (Norway); Dahl, Alv A. [Oslo University Hospital, Department of Clinical Cancer Research, the Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo (Norway); Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway); Skovlund, Eva [School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway); Balteskard, Lise [University Hospital of Northern Norway, Tromso (Norway); Carlsen, Erik [Oslo University Hospital, Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Ulleval, Oslo (Norway); Fossa, Sophie D. [Oslo University Hospital, Department of Clinical Cancer Research, the Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo (Norway); Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway); Tveit, Kjell Magne [Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval Cancer Centre, Oslo (Norway); Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway)

    2010-03-15

    Purpose: Knowledge of sexual problems after pre- or postoperative radiotherapy (RT) with 50 Gy for rectal cancer is limited. In this study, we aimed to compare self-rated sexual functioning in irradiated (RT+) and nonirradiated (RT-) male patients at least 2 years after surgery for rectal cancer. Methods and Materials: Patients diagnosed with rectal cancer from 1993 to 2003 were identified from the Norwegian Rectal Cancer Registry. Male patients without recurrence at the time of the study. The International Index of Erectile Function, a self-rated instrument, was used to assess sexual functioning, and serum levels of serum testosterone were measured. Results: Questionnaires were returned from 241 patients a median of 4.5 years after surgery. The median age was 67 years at survey. RT+ patients (n = 108) had significantly poorer scores for erectile function, orgasmic function, intercourse satisfaction, and overall satisfaction with sex life compared with RT- patients (n = 133). In multiple age-adjusted analysis, the odds ratio for moderate-severe erectile dysfunction in RT+ patients was 7.3 compared with RT- patients (p <0.001). Furthermore, erectile dysfunction of this degree was associated with low serum testosterone (p = 0.01). Conclusion: RT for rectal cancer is associated with significant long-term effects on sexual function in males.

  18. Reproductive Termination in Female Japanese Monkeys: A Comparative Life History Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedigan, Linda M.

    Reproductive Termination in Female Japanese Monkeys: A Comparative Life History Perspective MARY S; reproductive termination ABSTRACT This study explores the question of reproductive termination (loss used a large sample of completed lives to identify reproductively terminated female Japanese macaques

  19. Age and gender specific biokinetic model for strontium in humans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shagina, N. B.; Tolstykh, E. I.; Degteva, M. O.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Napier, Bruce A.

    2015-03-01

    A biokinetic model for strontium in humans is necessary for quantification of internal doses due to strontium radioisotopes. The ICRP-recommended biokinetic model for strontium has limitation for use in a population study, because it is not gender specific and does not cover all age ranges. The extensive Techa River data set on 90Sr in humans (tens of thousands of measurements) is a unique source of data on long-term strontium retention for men and women of all ages at intake. These, as well as published data, were used for evaluation of age- and gender-specific parameters for a new compartment biokinetic model for strontium (Sr-AGe model). The Sr-AGe model has similar structure as the ICRP model for the alkaline earth elements. The following parameters were mainly reevaluated: gastro-intestinal absorption and parameters related to the processes of bone formation and resorption defining calcium and strontium transfers in skeletal compartments. The Sr-AGe model satisfactorily describes available data sets on strontium retention for different kinds of intake (dietary and intravenous) at different ages (0–80 years old) and demonstrates good agreement with data sets for different ethnic groups. The Sr-AGe model can be used for dose assessment in epidemiological studies of general population exposed to ingested strontium radioisotopes.

  20. The Gender Ideological Clash in Globalization: Women, Migration, and the Modernization Building Project of the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parreñ as, Rhacel Salazar

    2007-01-01

    . This clash emerges from the economic dependency of the Philippines on women s work outside the home on the one hand, and a longstanding gender ideology that continues to locate women s gender responsibilities inside the home on the other hand. The dependence...

  1. SEXUAL MISCONDUCT = Sexual harassment, gender discrimination or bias, sexual assault, rape, stalking or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    SEXUAL MISCONDUCT = Sexual harassment, gender discrimination or bias, sexual assault, rape. SEXUAL MISCONDUCT = Sexual harassment, gender discrimination or bias, sexual assault, rape, stalking materials in a location where others can view them. Sexual assault, rape, or attempted rape. 3 #12;4 Sexual

  2. Institutional Research and Analysis Page 1 An Analysis of Gender Equity in MUFA Faculty Salaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    Institutional Research and Analysis Page 1 An Analysis of Gender Equity in MUFA Faculty Salaries a preliminary study in summer 2013 to investigate whether there is a gender pay gap in salaries of full positions. Salary dollar amounts used in the analysis were annualized and excluded all stipends

  3. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Exploring gender factors related to PISA 2003 results in Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sriraman, Bharath

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Exploring gender factors related to PISA 2003 results in Iceland: a youth August 2008 Ã? FIZ Karlsruhe 2008 Abstract Students' mathematical achievement in Iceland, as reported in PISA 2003, showed significant and (by comparison) unusual gender differences in mathematics: Iceland

  4. J. Mamm., 72(3):624-626, 1991 FACTORS INFLUENCING FEMALE-PUP SCENT RECOGNITION IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loughry, Jim

    , we use the term female rather than mother in referring to the adult members of nursing pairs, upon returning to the creche, females nurse selectively, evidently relocating their own pup (Mc experimental design and equipment of Gustin and McCracken (1987). Nursing pairs consisting of a female and pup

  5. Polydrug Use among IDUs in Tijuana, Mexico: Correlates of Methamphetamine Use and Route of Administration by Gender

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    a function of route of administration. Addiction. 2002; 97(Use and Route of Administration by Gender Melanie L. Rusch,use and routes of administration by gender among injection

  6. The female protagonists in the novels of Romulo Gallegos 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Susan Elizabeth

    1972-01-01

    viento (1952) ~ Each of the women in these novels has a mission or duty to accomplish. Por various ones such as Rosaura, Adelalda, and tuisanaP their goal becomes that of trying to eave the men they love. An elevated social position is Victoria's aim... play the role of civilisers. Whether they are trying to save the men they love or atoning for the deeds of others, they symbolise the type that Gallegos admires and wants for his country. The importance Gallegos gives to his female protagonists...

  7. How women organize social networks different from men

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szell, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Superpositions of social networks, such as communication, friendship, or trade networks, are called multiplex networks, forming the structural backbone of human societies. Novel datasets now allow quantification and exploration of multiplex networks. Here we study gender-specific differences of a multiplex network from a complete behavioral dataset of an online game society of about 300,000 players. On the individual level females perform better economically and are less risk-taking than males. Males reciprocate friendship requests from females faster than vice versa and hesitate to reciprocate hostile actions of females. On the network level females have more communication partners, who themselves are less connected than partners of males. We find a strong homophily effect for females and higher clustering coefficients of females in trade and attack networks. Cooperative links between males are under-represented, reflecting competition for resources among males. These results confirm quantitatively that fema...

  8. Research Article Male Rio Grande Turkey Survival and Movements in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Mark C.

    Research Article Male Rio Grande Turkey Survival and Movements in the Texas Panhandle, USA Abstract Wildlife managers depend on accurate information regarding wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) survival patterns to properly manage turkey populations. Survival patterns of male Rio Grande

  9. Understanding Black Male Athlete Social Responsibility (BMASR): A Case Study of an NBA Franchise 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agyemang, Kwame Jesse Asamoah

    2012-07-16

    While there is voluminous research on the Black male athlete, the literature does not touch on the notion of social responsibility. Thus, the purpose of this study was to garner perceptions of Black male athlete social ...

  10. Ultrastructure and Histochemistry of the Adhesive Breeding Glands in Male Gastrophryne carolinensis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sever, David M.

    Ultrastructure and Histochemistry of the Adhesive Breeding Glands in Male Gastrophryne carolinensis. Chabarria2 The histology, histochemistry, and ultrastructure of the adhesive breeding glands of male Gastrophryne carolinensis are described. Adhesive glands are mutlicellular exocrine glands in the dermis

  11. Repeated in utero and lactational 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin exposure affects male gonads in offspring, leading to sex ratio changes in F{sub 2} progeny

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ikeda, Masahiko [University of Shizuoka, Graduate School of Nutritional and Environmental Sciences, 52-1, Yada, Shizuoka, 422 8526 (Japan) and CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Kawaguchi, 332-0012 (Japan)]. E-mail: ikedam@ys2.u-shizuoka-ken.ac.jp; Tamura, Masashi [University of Shizuoka, Graduate School of Nutritional and Environmental Sciences, 52-1, Yada, Shizuoka, 422 8526 (Japan); Yamashita, Junko [University of Shizuoka, Graduate School of Nutritional and Environmental Sciences, 52-1, Yada, Shizuoka, 422 8526 (Japan); Suzuki, Chinatsu [University of Shizuoka, Graduate School of Nutritional and Environmental Sciences, 52-1, Yada, Shizuoka, 422 8526 (Japan); Tomita, Takako [University of Shizuoka, Graduate School of Nutritional and Environmental Sciences, 52-1, Yada, Shizuoka, 422 8526 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Kawaguchi, 332-0012 (Japan)

    2005-08-15

    The effects of in utero and lactational 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on the reproductive system of male rat offspring (F{sub 1}) and the sex ratio of the subsequent generation (F{sub 2}) were examined. Female Holtzman rats were gavaged with an initial loading dose of 400 ng/kg TCDD prior to mating, followed by weekly maintenance doses of 80 ng/kg during mating, pregnancy, and the lactation period. Maternal exposure to TCDD had no significant effects on fetus/pup (F{sub 1}) mortality, litter size, or sex ratio on gestation day (GD) 20 or postnatal day (PND) 2. The TCDD concentration in maternal livers and adipose tissue on GD20 was 1.21 and 1.81 ng/kg, respectively, and decreased at weaning to 0.72 in the liver and 0.84 in the adipose tissue. In contrast, the TCDD concentration in pup livers was 1.32 ng/kg on PND2 and increased to 1.80 ng/kg at weaning. Ventral prostate weight of male offspring was significantly decreased by TCDD exposure on PND28 and 120 compared with that of controls. Weight of the testes, cauda epididymides, and seminal vesicle, and sperm number in the cauda epididymis were not changed by TCDD exposure at PND120. TCDD- or vehicle-exposed male offspring were mated with unexposed females. The sex ratio (percentage of male pups) of F{sub 2} offspring was significantly reduced in the TCDD-exposed group compared with controls. These results suggest that in utero and lactational TCDD exposures affect the development of male gonads in offspring (F{sub 1}), leading to changes in the sex ratio of the subsequent generation (F{sub 2})

  12. Physiological Entomology (1987) 12, 263-279 Manoeuvres used by flying male oriental fruit moths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1987-01-01

    in pheromone concentration by males was to change their course angle to more upwind or more crosswind

  13. Distribution of the internal iliac artery of the male cat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bratton, Gerald Roy

    1970-01-01

    1970 Major Subject: Veterinary Anatomy DISTRIBUTION OE THL" iNTE1VlAL ILZAC ARTERy GF THE AiALE CAT A Thesis by (xERALD ROY BRATTON Approved as to style and content ny; Member) Tt 1 *f D " 'tj M . R !'rlember) Deoember 1970 ABSTFACT...DISTRIBUTION OZ THE INTEP~iAL ILIAC ARTERY OF THE MALE CAT Thesis by GERALD ROY BRATTON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A E: M Un versity in partial fur f1 llment of tne reouirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December...

  14. The cost of males in non-equilibrium populations Curtis M. Lively

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lively, Curt

    . Mathematical methods: The cost of males per reproductive time step was calculated as the ratio of the per-capita population. This reduction in the per-capita growth rate has been called the `cost of males' (Maynard SmithThe cost of males in non-equilibrium populations Curtis M. Lively Department of Biology, Indiana

  15. male baboon intervened in a fight. By analysing DNA from faecal and blood sam-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Bryan D.

    male baboon intervened in a fight. By analysing DNA from faecal and blood sam- ples the authors be uncertain. But male savannah baboons are seldom confused: when intervening in fights between youngsters 179 of this issue, reveals that when male savannah baboons (Papio cynocephalus) intervene in fights

  16. High-dose radioiodine treatment for differentiated thyroid carcinoma is not associated with change in female fertility or any genetic risk to the offspring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bal, Chandrasekhar . E-mail: csbal@hotmail.com; Kumar, Ajay; Tripathi, Madhavi; Chandrashekar, Narayana; Phom, Hentok; Murali, Nadig R.; Chandra, Prem; Pant, Gauri S.

    2005-10-01

    Background: We tried to evaluate the female fertility and genetic risk to the offspring from the exposure to high-dose {sup 131}I by assessing the pregnancy outcomes and health status of the children of female patients with differentiated thyroid cancer who had received therapeutic doses of {sup 131}I. Materials and Methods: From 1967 to 2002, a total of 1,282 women had been treated with {sup 131}I. Of these patients, 692 (54%) were in the reproductive age group (18-45 years). Forty women had a total of 50 pregnancies after high-dose {sup 131}I. Age at presentation ranged from 16 to 36 years (mean, 23 {+-} 4 years). Histopathology was papillary thyroid cancer in 32 cases and follicular thyroid cancer in 8 cases. Results: Single high-dose therapy was given in 30 cases, 2 doses were given in 7 cases, 3 doses were given in 2 cases, and four doses were given in 1 case in which lung metastases had occurred. In 37 patients (92%), disease was successfully ablated before pregnancy. Ovarian absorbed-radiation dose calculated by the MIRD method ranged from 3.5 to 60 cGy (mean, 12 {+-} 11 cGy). The interval between {sup 131}I therapy and pregnancy varied from 7 to 120 months (37.4 {+-} 28.2 months). Three spontaneous abortions occurred in 2 women. Forty-seven babies (20 females and 27 males) were born. Forty-four babies were healthy with normal birth weight and normal developmental milestones. Twenty women delivered their first baby after {sup 131}I therapy. The youngest child in our series is 11 months of age, and the oldest is 8.5 years of age. Conclusions: Female fertility is not affected by high-dose radioiodine treatment, and the therapy does not appear to be associated with any genetic risks to the offspring.

  17. Enriching gender in PER: A binary past and a complex future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traxler, Adrienne L; Blue, Jennifer; Barthelemy, Ramón

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we draw on previous reports from physics, science education, and women's studies to propose a more nuanced treatment of gender in physics education research (PER). A growing body of PER examines gender differences in participation, performance, and attitudes toward physics. We have three critiques of this work: (1) it does not question whether the achievements of men are the most appropriate standard, (2) individual experiences and student identities are undervalued, and (3) the binary model of gender is not questioned. Driven by these critiques, we propose a conception of gender that is more up-to-date with other fields and discuss gender-as-performance as an extended example. We also discuss work on the intersection of identities [e.g., gender with race and ethnicity, socioeconomic status, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) status], much of which has been conducted outside of physics. Within PER, some studies examine the intersection of gender and race, and identify the lack of ...

  18. THE NATIVE AND NONNATIVE PROCESSING OF NUMBER AND GENDER AGREEMENT IN SPANISH: AN ERP INVESTIGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleman Banon, Jose

    2012-08-31

    The present study utilizes EEG to examine the processing of number and gender agreement in Spanish by native speakers and adult English-speaking learners. With respect to native processing, the study focuses on how different ...

  19. Gender ideology: impact on dual-career couples' role strain, marital satisfaction, and life satisfaction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Jennifer Jean

    2006-04-12

    -career couples. The literature clearly supports the importance of egalitarian roles for marital satisfaction and life satisfaction of dual-career couples. While researchers have studied social role strain, gender role strain, marital satisfaction, and life...

  20. GENDER MAINSTREAMING IN THE UNITED STATES: A New Vision of Equality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellitto, Melissa

    2015-01-01

    the substance of gender inequality is Town of Castle Rock v.men ben- efit equally and inequality is not perpetuated” byin that it both reflects inequality and perpetuates it. 12

  1. Communal Formations: Development of Gendered Identities in Early Twentieth-Century Women’s Periodicals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Emily Anne Janda

    2013-05-03

    Women’s periodicals at the start of the twentieth-century were not just recorders but also producers of social and cultural change. They can be considered to both represent and construct gender codes, offering readers ...

  2. Asian American Sexual Politics: The Construction of Race, Gender, and Sexuality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, Rosalind Sue

    2011-08-08

    Why study Asian American sexual politics? There is a major lack of critical analysis of Asian Americans and their issues surrounding their place in the United States as racialized, gendered, and sexualized bodies. There ...

  3. A Gender Audit of Statistics: Comparing the Position of Women and men in Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasoff, Fran; Breitenbach, Esther

    Independent research was commissioned by the Scottish Executive to provide a review of statistics on gender differences and inequalities in Scotland across a range of key areas of social and economic life: demographic ...

  4. Title IX Discrimination Complaint Form (including gender equity/sexual harassment/sexual violence)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    Title IX Discrimination Complaint Form (including gender equity/sexual harassment/sexual violence. Although the university cannot commit to keeping a complaint of discrimination confidential the process for filing or investigating complaints of discrimination (including sexual harassment). Note

  5. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad

    2015-01-01

    U.S.C. § 630(b) (Age Discrimination in Employment Act). Seeand Gender Identity Discrimination 1998-2008, 84 C HI . -KVa. Military Inst. , Non-Discrimination Statement, http://

  6. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Arkansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad

    2015-01-01

    Pine Bluff, Non-Discrimination Policy, http://www.uapb.edu/O RIENTATION A NTI - DISCRIMINATION P OLICIES ON THE W AGESand Gender Identity Discrimination 1998-2008, 84 C HI . -K

  7. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad

    2015-01-01

    tit. 25, § 1307 (the non-discrimination requirements also doO RIENTATION A NTI - DISCRIMINATION P OLICIES ON THE W AGESand Gender Identity Discrimination 1998-2008, 84 C HI . -K

  8. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Montana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad

    2015-01-01

    Labor & Ind. , Discrimination, http://dev2.erd.dli.mt.gov/uploads/Sears-Mallory-Discrimination-July- 20111.pdf. J AMIEand Gender Identity Discrimination 1998-2008, 84 C HI . -K

  9. Gender differences in undergraduate students' performance, perception and participation in physics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donnelly, Robyn Claire Annabel

    2014-11-27

    Research has been undertaken to obtain a thorough understanding of the existence and degree of gender disparity in students' participation and performance in introductory university physics courses at the University ...

  10. Overturning of Michael M.: Statutory Rape Law becomes Gender-Neutral in California, The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Susannah

    1994-01-01

    OF MICHAEL M. : STATUTORY RAPE LAW BECOMES GENDER-NEUTRAL INI. TIlE DEVELOPMENT OF CALIFORNIA'S STATUTORY RAPE LAW A.History American statutory rape law draws its origins from

  11. Changes in Support Networks in Late Middle Age: The Extension of Gender and Educational Differences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, CS; Beresford, L

    2015-01-01

    OUP CHANGES IN NETWORK INEQUALITY Suitor, J. J. , & Keeton,Key Words: Education—Gender—Inequality—Middle age—Networks—add a particular focus: inequalities in net- work change. We

  12. Redesigning work for gender equity and work-personal life integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailyn, Lotte

    This paper describes a series of intervention projects in the conditions and design of work geared to increasing gender equity in organizations and the ability of employees to integrate their working lives with their ...

  13. New women, new technologies : the interrelation between gender and technology at the Victorian fin de siècle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wanggren, Lena Elisabet

    2012-06-28

    This thesis treats the interrelation between gender and technology at the Victorian fin de siècle, focusing on the figure of the New Woman. It aims to offer a reexamination of this figure of early feminism in relation ...

  14. Gender and the Reality of Cities: embodied identities,social relations and performativities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bondi, Liz

    2005-01-01

    Gender is an integral, ubiquitous and taken-for-granted aspect of urban life. It is an influential dimension of urban identities, an axis of urban inequalities, and it animates the everyday practices that characterise ...

  15. The global landscape of gender quotas on corporate boards : contexts for adoption and opposition in 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Jacqueline, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    There has been an acceleration in the adoption of gender quotas on boards since Norway pioneered legislation in 2003. Countries that have made parallel reforms have primarily been in the western European bloc, while other ...

  16. Does Gender Matter? Women Business Angels and the Supply of Entrepreneurial Finance in the United Kingdom 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Richard T; Mason, Colin

    2005-01-01

    There is a substantial literature on the relationship between gender and access to finance, without any definite conclusions having been reached. Most of this research has been into access to debt finance. More recently, ...

  17. An evaluation of gender-based weighting factors for internal dosimetry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spiars, Joanna Hamilton

    1994-01-01

    This study assesses gender effects on radiation dose weighting factors used in internal dosimetry. A weighting factor represents the relative contribution of a particular organ or tissue to the total detriment due to the effects from uniform whole...

  18. A review of "Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery" by Jennifer L. Morgan. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elisa Oh

    2004-01-01

    be educated for the sake of society. All in all, Women Philosophers of the Seventeenth Century is pleas- ant to read, because it is lucidly written, and highly informative. Jennifer L. Morgan. Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery.... Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004. xi + 279 pp. + 16 illus. $55.00. Review by ELISA OH, BOSTON UNIVERSITY. In Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Sla- very, Jennifer L. Morgan explores how early modern English trav- elers...

  19. Food site residence time and female competitive relationships in wild gray-cheeked mangabeys (Lophocebus albigena)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chancellor, Rebecca L.; Isbell, Lynne A.

    2009-01-01

    times. However, bark, a food with a long site residence timeranking females may benefit from higher food and energyintake rates when food site residence times are long. These

  20. Condom use and its correlates among female sex workers in Hanoi, Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tran, Trung Nam; Detels, Roger; Lan, Hoang Phuong

    2006-01-01

    Surveillance Report. Hanoi, Vietnam: Ministry of Health.female sex workers in Hanoi, Vietnam - A qualitative study.transitional economy of Vietnam. FAO Vietnam, Hanoi. Ghys,

  1. A Forgotten Dimension: The Significance of Power Dynamics in Assessing Female Employment and Empowerment in Urban Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrams, Carolyn; Luna, Ana

    2014-01-01

    Gender and Class in Bangladesh. ” Culture & Agriculture 13,Purdah Trap in Rural Bangladesh: Implications for Women’sand Change in Rural Bangladesh. ” Population Studies 52, no.

  2. The Role of Vitamin E in the Treatment of Male Infertility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen, Joanne C

    2006-01-01

    sufficient amounts of vitamin E (19), it is reasonable todietary intakes of vitamin E through diet or supplements.2002) The controversial efficacy of vitamin E for human male

  3. Parental Education and the Gender Gap in University Completion in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDaniel, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Parent, Sec. Ed. Constant N Switzerland Female Parent, Post-Slovenia, Spain, and Switzerland. http://www.demographic-Slovakia Slovenia Spain Switzerland 1965-1974 Cohort Belgium

  4. The effects of capital on an income breeder: evidence from female Columbian ground squirrels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broussard, David

    The effects of capital on an income breeder: evidence from female Columbian ground squirrels David R. Broussard, F. Stephen Dobson, and J.O. Murie Abstract: To maximize fitness, organisms must and daily resource income on the reproductive investments of females. We predicted that because yearling fe

  5. Sublethal Effects of Chlorpyrifos-Methyl on Reproduction in Female German Cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    [1969] and Haynes [1988]). The German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.), is a major pest of economic of organophosphate or carbamate insecticides to female cockroaches before they produce oothecae have not been studied of female German cockroaches. Materials and Methods Insects used in this study were from an estab- lished

  6. Achieving population-level immunity to rabies in free-roaming dogs in Africa and Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morters, Michelle K.; McKinley, Trevelyan J.; Horton, Daniel L.; Cleaveland, Sarah; Schoeman, Johan P.; Restif, Olivier; Whay, Helen R.; Goddard, Amelia; Fooks, Anthony R.; Damriyasa, I. Made; Wood, James L. N.

    2014-11-13

    categorical and measured by direct observation and questionnaire at the time of vaccination (gender, age class, pregnancy, lactation, sterilisation status [Bali only], intestinal parasites [Zenzele only]) or within 6 weeks of vaccination (body condition... . There was an approximately even ratio of male to female dogs in Zenzele, but the ratio was skewed towards males (approximately 75%) in Bali. Less than 2% of dogs were sterilised in Zenzele, but castration of juvenile male dogs by community members was common in Bali...

  7. Remembering Bodies: Gender, Race, and Nationality in the French-Algerian War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinan, Christine

    2010-01-01

    After she finds out that Saidi, another local revolutionary,the male character of Saïdi, who, after having a three-day

  8. A NEURAL NETWORK UNDERLYING INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN EMOTION AND AGGRESSION IN MALE GOLDEN HAMSTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delville, Yvon

    A NEURAL NETWORK UNDERLYING INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN EMOTION AND AGGRESSION IN MALE GOLDEN, Austin, TX 78712, USA Abstract--In rodents, aggressive behavior can be altered by experimental a common neural network. Male golden hamsters were first screened for offensive aggression. Then

  9. Are the Factors Impacting Women's Success in Avionics Industry Different from Other Male Dominated Industries?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jubie

    2010-05-14

    The purpose of this paper is to determine if the factors impacting women’s success in the Avionics Industry are different from those in other male dominated industries. This paper is written in order to help women in male dominated industries...

  10. Mechanisms of Mating-Behavior Deterioration in Early Aging Male C. elegans 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Xiaoyan

    2014-08-06

    adulthood, as the mating potency of 3-day-old wild-type males is significantly lower than 1-day-old males. Meanwhile, using both pharmacological tests and calcium imaging, I showed that the excitability of the mating circuit increased during early adulthood...

  11. Fluorochemicals used in food packaging inhibit male sex hormone synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosenmai, A.K.; Nielsen, F.K.; Pedersen, M.; Hadrup, N.; Trier, X.; Christensen, J.H.; Vinggaard, A.M.

    2013-01-01

    Polyfluoroalkyl phosphate surfactants (PAPS) are widely used in food contact materials (FCMs) of paper and board and have recently been detected in 57% of investigated materials. Human exposure occurs as PAPS have been measured in blood; however knowledge is lacking on the toxicology of PAPS. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of six fluorochemicals on sex hormone synthesis and androgen receptor (AR) activation in vitro. Four PAPS and two metabolites, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and 8:2 fluorotelomer alcohol (8:2 FTOH) were tested. Hormone profiles, including eight steroid hormones, generally showed that 8:2 diPAPS, 8:2 monoPAPS and 8:2 FTOH led to decreases in androgens (testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, and androstenedione) in the H295R steroidogenesis assay. Decreases were observed for progesterone and 17-OH-progesterone as well. These observations indicated that a step prior to progestagen and androgen synthesis had been affected. Gene expression analysis of StAR, Bzrp, CYP11A, CYP17, CYP21 and CYP19 mRNA showed a decrease in Bzrp mRNA levels for 8:2 monoPAPS and 8:2 FTOH indicating interference with cholesterol transport to the inner mitochondria. Cortisol, estrone and 17?-estradiol levels were in several cases increased with exposure. In accordance with these data CYP19 gene expression increased with 8:2 diPAPS, 8:2 monoPAPS and 8:2 FTOH exposures indicating that this is a contributing factor to the decreased androgen and the increased estrogen levels. Overall, these results demonstrate that fluorochemicals present in food packaging materials and their metabolites can affect steroidogenesis through decreased Bzrp and increased CYP19 gene expression leading to lower androgen and higher estrogen levels. -- Highlights: ? Fluorochemicals found in 57% of paper and board food packaging were tested. ? Collectively six fluorochemicals were tested for antiandrogenic potential in vitro. ? Three out of six tested fluorochemicals inhibited synthesis of male sex hormones. ? Generally, levels of estrogens and cortisol stayed unaffected or increased. ? The effect on steroid synthesis was specific on gene expression of Bzrp and CYP19.

  12. This Is “Ladies’ Night”: A Case Study of a Grassroots Golf Program for Black Females 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosselli, Anthony C

    2014-07-24

    While there is a growing body of literature concerning the experiences of racial minorities in the mainstream sports of basketball and football, less is known of the experiences of Black females in non-traditional sports ...

  13. Risky Business: The Discourse of Credit and Early Modern Female Playwrights Before Defoe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beggs, Courtney Beth

    2011-10-21

    This dissertation shows that early modern female playwrights were shaped by and helped to shape commercial literary marketplaces that were increasingly affected by the rise of credit, shifting exchange values, and unstable notions of trust, interest...

  14. Holy Mother of Chiri Mountain: A Female Mountain Spirit in Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stiller, Maya

    2011-01-01

    pilgrimage route in Chiri mountain. The images have informedCSW upda te OCTOBER 2011 The Holy Mother of Chiri Mountain aFemale Mountain Spirit in Korea by Maya Stiller UCLA Center

  15. On the same team? a qualitative study of female sportswriters' attitudes on covering women's athletics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Bryan Christopher

    2008-10-10

    Women's athletics regularly receives less media coverage than men's athletics, and female athletes are often portrayed in ways that de-emphasize their athletic abilities. Previous researchers have suggested that increasing ...

  16. The effect of continuous infusion of human parathyroid hormone on bone architecture in female mice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisenberg, Rahel E. (Rahel Esther)

    2009-01-01

    This research sought to create an animal model of secondary hyperparathyroidism through continuous infusion of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in adult female mice, and to subsequently study the catabolic effects of PTH. Osmotic ...

  17. Heterozygosity for a Bub1 mutation causes female-specific germ cell aneuploidy in mice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leland, Shawn

    2010-01-01

    al. (2004) BubR1 insufficiency causes early onset of aging-FOR A BUB1 MUTATION CAUSES FEMALE-SPECIFIC GERM CELLwe know little about the causes and factors that predispose

  18. Identifying the Predictors of Female Project Managers' Salaries in the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamranzadeh, Amineh

    2012-11-30

    This study seeks to explore the predictors of female project managers’ salary in the construction industry, and to analyze their impacts on determining the salary. Experience, age, marital status, motherhood, having children at home, and the number...

  19. Where Are the Voices? Moving Beyond HIV in the Lives of Female Sex Workers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choudhury, Shonali M.

    2009-01-01

    working in the commercial sex industry in Tijuana, Mexico.Establish- ment-Based Female Sex Workers in Tijuana. toc CSWwe find women working in the sex industry in order to give

  20. They look at it as dirty: Components of female exotic dancers 'dirty work' stigma 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chalkley, Katherine Marie

    2005-08-29

    The present study explored the stigmatization experiences of dirty workers in one dirty work job-female exotic dancers-in an effort to understand the components of dirty work stigma. The framework presented here is based ...

  1. Introduction Occupational attainment is a central issue in discussions of female migration in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Youqin

    access only limited resources and opportunities (Greenhalgh, 1985; Jacka, 1992). Economic reform has, and the occupational attainment of female migrants in China (1985 ^ 1990) Youqin Huang Department of Geography

  2. A cross-sectional survey of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in female veterinary students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Laura Elizabeth

    1991-01-01

    . Slater (Chair of Committee) hn M. Quarles, Jr. (Member) Leon H, Russell (Member) Gerald R. Bratton (Head of Department) December 1991 ABSTRACT A Cross-Sectional Survey of Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies in Female Veterinary Students. (December... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Epidemiology A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY OF TOXOPLASMA GONDII ANTIBODIES IN FEMALE VETERINARY STUDENTS A Thesis by LAURA ELIZABETH ROBINSON Approved as to style and content by: Margaret R...

  3. The effectiveness of visual evaluation scores as predictors of growth and fertility in Brangus females 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harkey, Gary Don

    1990-01-01

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1990 Major Subject: Animal Science The Effectiveness Of Visual Evaluation Scores As Predictors Of Growth And Fertility In Brangus Females A Thesis By Gary Don Harkey Approved as to style and content by: G. T.... King (Chair of Committ e) ) J. O. Sanders (Member) B. E. Conrad (Member) G. C. Smith (Head of Department) ABSTRACT The Effectiveness Of Visual Evaluation Scores As Predictors Of Growth And Fertility In Brangus Females. (May 1990) Gary Don...

  4. Factors Influencing a Female’s Selection of a Construction Management Degree: A Study of Junior- and Senior-Level Undergraduate Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritter, Lisa M

    2014-07-24

    ) degree. This study provides a mixed-method study on what the most positive influential factors for females in selecting and remaining in a CM undergraduate degree program for Junior- and Senior-level students. The research was completed through a self...

  5. Approved Module Information for LK3010, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Racism, Class and Gender Module Code: LK3010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for LK3010, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Racism, Class and Gender Module engage with racism, class and gender: a) as socially shaped forms of inequality; b) as intersecting lines critically upon various theoretical approaches to the study of racism, class and gender ? create linkages

  6. Why flighty female swallows play away By Roger Highfield, Science Editor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    erythrogaster ) males have a wash of reddish-chestnut plumage from their throats to their bellies is thought to be a signal of "quality," with rich dark plumage the equivalent of a sports car or powerful job

  7. Computer-game Construction: A Gender-neutral Attractor to Computing Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szafron, Duane

    1 Computer-game Construction: A Gender- neutral Attractor to Computing Science MIKE CARBONARO of Computing Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E8, Canada MARIA CUTUMISU Department of Computing Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E8, Canada JONATHAN SCHAEFFER Department

  8. Centre for Gender & Equality in Research and Daniela Falcinelli Politecnico 21-4-2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Valian, 1999)? Why so few? Why so low? Centre for Women and Gender Differences #12;LEAKY PIPELINE Centre of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, Coordinator ASDO - The Assembly of Women for Development different leadership levels and the many stakeholders directly or indirectly involved in change

  9. Sex, Size and Gender Roles evolutionary studies of sexual size dimorphism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saltzman, Wendy

    , John L. Gittleman and Kate E. Jones 3. Sexual Size Dimorphism in Birds , Tamás Székely, Terje Lislevand in the Hartebeest, Isabella Capellini 13. Sexual Size Dimorphism and Offspring Vulnerability in Birds, EllenSex, Size and Gender Roles evolutionary studies of sexual size dimorphism Edited by Daphne J

  10. Evidential Fusion for Gender Profiling Jianbing Ma and Weiru Liu and Paul Miller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Weiru

    [16] us- ing Dempster-Shafer theory. In particular, Denoeux's cautious rule is applied for fusion mass03,w.liu}@qub.ac.uk, p.miller@ecit.qub.ac.uk Abstract. Gender profiling is a fundamental task shape information. In addition, there are some drawbacks for normal profiling algorithms considered

  11. An Extended Local Binary Pattern for Gender Classification Abbas Roayaei Ardakany, Mircea Nicolescu, Monica Nicolescu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolescu, Monica

    allows many applications in human computer interaction, psychology, and security [1]. Prior research has, and human­computer interfaces (adjusting the software behavior with respect to the user's gender) [5 is to simply use gray-scale or color pixel vectors as features [6]. Second, many methods use approaches

  12. Gender Equity in the Brazilian Physics Community at Present Day Elisa Maria Baggio Saitovitch1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    Gender Equity in the Brazilian Physics Community at Present Day Elisa Maria Baggio Saitovitch1 physics community in present days. Women in Brazil are underrepresented in the field of science and in particular in physics. One example of this unbalance is that at the Brazilian Academy of Science women

  13. A Muslim Feminist Interpretation of Women's Empowerment and Gender Parity: Case Studies of Morocco and Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feather, Ginger Reeves

    2012-05-31

    This research focuses on changes in women's empowerment and gender parity during the reigns of Mohammed VI in Morocco (1999-present) and Hosni Mubarak in Egypt (1981-11 February 2011). Despite the absence of regime change in Morocco, the social...

  14. Neuroanatomy of individual differences in language in adult males with autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Meng-Chuan; Lombardo, Michael V.; Ecker, Christine; Chakrabarti, Bhismadev; Suckling, John; Bullmore, Edward T.; Happé, Francesca; MRC AIMS Consortium; Murphy, Declan G. M.; Baron-Cohen, Simon

    2014-09-23

    One potential source of heterogeneity within autism spectrum conditions (ASC) is language development and ability. In 80 high-functioning male adults with ASC, we tested if variations in developmental and current structural language are associated...

  15. Genomics and Transcriptomics of Hybrid Male Sterility Assessed in Multiple Interspecies Feline Breeds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Brian W

    2013-05-13

    Hybrid male sterility (HMS) is typically the first mechanism fortifying reproductive isolation resulting from genomic incompatibilities. Three interspecies feline breeds derived from domestic cat crosses to wild cat species (Asian leopard cat...

  16. THE NA,K-ATPASE ?4 ISOFORM: MECHANISMS OF ACTION, REGULATION AND RELEVANCE TO MALE FERTILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jimenez Alarcon, Tamara

    2011-08-31

    Ion movement across the plasma membrane is essential for the function of spermatozoa and defects in the mechanisms that drive ion transport between the environment and cell cytoplasm can affect male fertility. The active ...

  17. The Leadership Perspectives of African American Males after Participation in a Leadership Development Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preston, Tammie M

    2014-10-14

    This study investigated the perceptions of African American undergraduate males who attend a predominately White institution in the southwest as they concern leadership after participation in a leadership development program and the influence...

  18. Beyond 'Looking for My Penis': Reflections on Asian Gay Male Video Porn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsang, Daniel C

    1999-01-01

    eroticized Asian in gay video porn, in· Bad Object-Choices,Island . Men of Tokyo PORN 101 Pacific Rim The Penetratoron Asian Gay Male Video Porn." In Porn 101: Eroticism, kee,

  19. Investigating the influence of media on male body image: in search of a potential moderator 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mignogna, Joseph

    2013-02-22

    . Materials and Measures. Stimulus images. Figure-rating measures. Affective measures. Attitudinal measures. Behavioral measures. Demirgraphic measures. Designs and Procedures. 10 10 10 11 12 13 13 14 14 RFSULTS. 16 Randomization Effect... and depersonalized" (p. 14). Their research found that the males seen in print are "not ordinary, average guys, " but rather "have the physique of the traditional male icon? strong and muscular" (p. 17). Gross (1985) reported that even mcn's fashion followed...

  20. Discrimination against Law Enforcement Officers on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: 2000 to 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sears, Brad; Hasenbush, Amira; Mallory, Christy

    2013-01-01

    2012) (finding that discrimination against a male plaintiffwould prohibit employment discrimination based on sexualgender identity discrimination under sex discrimination. In

  1. Being a female engineer: identity construction and resistance of women in engineering schools 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Hyejin

    2006-10-30

    identities in this specific setting. However, in her research on women geeks in high school, Bucholtz (1996) suggests an argument for women?s strategic identity construction. In her research, girls draw upon linguistic practices associated with nerdiness... intellectual ability) nerds construct alternative femininities and masculinities that critique normative gender identities (Bucholtz, 1996: 128). So, for girls, being nerdy is a strategy to subvert traditional feminine practices. Bucholtz?s research about...

  2. Dominance in Academic Writing Tutorials: Gender, Language, and the Offering of Suggestions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thonus, Terese

    1999-01-01

    of interactant dominance. Pragmatic measures of tutor dominance selected are frequency of directives, directive type, and mitigation strategies. Analysis indicates that these features of tutors' speech remain relatively constant in interactions with male...

  3. The Role of Impulsivity in the Relationship of Body Dissatisfaction and Disordered Eating 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lange, Krista Leigh

    2013-11-27

    to be thinner (Carlat & Camargo, 1991; A. Furnham, Badmin, & Sneade, 2002; Adrian Furnham & Calnan, 1998). It appears that body dissatisfaction is linked to a variety of negative behaviors for both genders, and understanding factors which lead to behaviors... and females for age (F (1,102) =2.558, p = .113), grade (F (1,102) =1.929, p = .168), ethnicity (F (1,102) = .613, p = .435), or BMI (F (1,102) =.029, p = .864). Demographic information for males and females combined, females alone, and males alone...

  4. Athletic behavior and achievement orientations of female adolescents: a black-white comparative analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, James A

    1976-01-01

    Cha1rman of Advisory Comm1ttee: Dr. J. Steven Picou The primary objective of th1s thesis was to determine the rela- tionsh1p between athletic participation and female ach1evement orien- tations. Spec1f1cally, the study focused on the relat1onship... was that black females, both athletes and nonathletes, had stronger materialist1c orientations and were more willing to defer grat1f1cation for future career achievements than the1r white counter- parts. The theoretical implications of these results...

  5. Do female yellow bellied marmots adjust the sex ratios of their offspring?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armitage, Kenneth

    1987-01-01

    the analyses. The effect of stress on annual reproductive output was measured for 2 yr in two ways. First, animals were tested by mirror-image stimulation (MIS; Svendsen and Armitage 1973; Svendsen 1974). The behavioral data were analyzed by factor analysis... stable group; repeated MIS testing over several years revealed that these females do not change their social status (Svendsen 1974). Lifetime reproductive output was obtained for each of the 19 females. S E X - R A T I O A D J U S T M E N T I N M A R...

  6. 21H.153J / SP.421J / WGS.421J Race and Gender in Asian America, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous

    An interdisciplinary examination of the Asian-American experience with particular emphasis on gender and race from mid-nineteenth century to present. Topics include: Asian American women's history, Asian American feminisms, ...

  7. American dream and German nightmare? identity, gender, and memory in the autobiographic work of Esmeralda Santiago and Emine Sevgi Ozdamar 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwalen, Anja Margarethe

    2009-06-02

    This thesis compares the autobiographic work of Esmeralda Santiago and Emine Sevgi Özdamar focusing on the aspects of ethnic identity, gender, as well as history and memory. The argument is that both authors' work not only ...

  8. From Motherhood Penalties to Husband Premia: The New Challenge for Gender Equality and Family Policy, Lessons from Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersen, Trond; Penner, Andrew M; Høgsnes, Geir

    2014-01-01

    Policies: The Case of Norway. ” Applied Economics 40 ð22Þ:2001. “Cohabitation in Norway: An Accepted and Graduallythe overall gender wage gap in Norway. The impact of having

  9. A review of "Dramatic Difference: Gender, Class, and Genre in the Early Modern Closet Drama." by Karen Raber 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julie D. Campbell

    2002-01-01

    . Karen Raber. Dramatic Difference: Gender, Class, and Genre in the Early Modern Closet Drama. Newark: University of Delaware Press; London: Associated University Presses, 2001. 338 pp. $49.50 cloth. Review by JULIE D. CAMPBELL, EASTERN ILLINOIS...

  10. The Evolution of the American Teacher Labor Force in the Latter 20th Century: Dimensions of Gender, Race, and Salary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bajaj, Aarti

    2011-07-27

    This dissertation examines three dimensions - gender, race, and salary -- of the national teacher labor force that emerged in the post-World War II period. First, teaching became increasingly feminized; it became a stable occupation for college...

  11. Women in engineering at the undergraduate level 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lagoudas, Natasha Christina

    2009-01-01

    revealed experiences of sexist treatment by male professors and peers towards female students along with a more subtle form of sexism through gender roles formed in engineering teams. These results, while specific to Texas A&M University and the departments...

  12. Signature required APPLICANT'S NAME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Ben Term date Effective date Bill month Code Send this completed form to: Employee Benefits Human Resources YearFirst name Birthdate SPOUSE/DOMESTIC PARTNER Gender MALE FEMALE Children NATURAL or ADOPTED STEP OTHER NATURAL or ADOPTED STEP OTHER NATURAL or ADOPTED STEP OTHER NATURAL or ADOPTED STEP OTHER NATURAL

  13. A review of "Milton and Gender." by Catherine Gimelli Martin ed. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Julia M.

    2006-01-01

    of the individual discussed leaves a rich agenda to be pursued in clarifying the emerging conception of the En- lightenment in the seventeenth century. Catherine Gimelli Martin, ed. Milton and Gender. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. xiii + 277 pp.... + 12 illus. $75.00. Review by JULIA M. WALKER, STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AT GENESEO. As Catherine Gimelli Martin introduces her outstanding collection, she positions the essays in relation to the ?wave? theory of twentieth-century feminism...

  14. Male song structure predicts reproductive success in a wild zebra finch population Joseph L. Woodgate a,b,*, Mylene M. Mariette c,d

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    as signals of quality (Gil & Gahr 2002; Catchpole & Slater 2008). Female preferences have been demonstrated

  15. Self-perceived attractiveness in uences human female preferences for sexual dimorphism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Tony

    Self-perceived attractiveness in uences human female preferences for sexual dimorphism and symmetry, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JU, UK Exaggerated sexual dimorphism and symmetry in human in several diverse genera (e.g. beetles, Thomas et al. 1999; amphipods, Thomas et al. 1996; and birds, MÖller

  16. Can sexual selection drive female life histories? A comparative study on Galliform birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mooers, Arne

    Can sexual selection drive female life histories? A comparative study on Galliform birds N. KOLM to both the evolution of life histories and sexual selection. As birds show high variation in these traits system; sexual size dimorphism; supertree phylogeny; trade-off. Abstract Sexual selection has been

  17. Reproductive Seasonality in Female Capuchins (Cebus capucinus) in Santa Rosa (Area de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedigan, Linda M.

    The income-capital breeding model was developed to explain birth seasonality and reproductive strategies in female animals in relation to the abundance of food energy in the environment. An income breeder uses currently available energy and acts so as to maximize either maternal survival or weanling survival

  18. Effects of wind energy development on survival of female greater prairie-chickens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandercock, Brett K.

    Effects of wind energy development on survival of female greater prairie-chickens Virginia L of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA Summary 1. The potential effects of wind energy development on wildlife have received increased attention over the past decade. In Kansas, optimal sites for wind energy

  19. Space use by female Greater Prairie-Chickens in response to wind energy development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandercock, Brett K.

    Space use by female Greater Prairie-Chickens in response to wind energy development V. L. WINDER,1-Chickens in response to wind energy development. Ecosphere 5(1):3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ ES13-00206.1 Abstract. Wind energy development is targeted to meet 20% of U.S. energy demand by 2030. In Kansas, optimal sites

  20. Plant-based lipid blends can completely replace menhaden fish oil in female white

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    survival () Ova n-3 LC-PUFA () Embryonic survival () Larval survival #12;Diet formulation 100% Fish Coconut DPH Survival (%) 5 DPH Survival (%) #12;Broodstock production 0 10 20 30 Fish Coconut Flax % increase Weight gain P=0.3949 0 200 400 600 800 1000 Fish Coconut Flax grams Spawned female weights a b ab #12;Egg

  1. Daily movements of female white-tailed deer relative to parturition and breeding.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gino J. D'Angelo; Christopher E. Comer; John C. Kilgo; Cory D. Drennan; David A. Osborn; Karl V. Miller

    2005-10-01

    Abstract: To assess how white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) herd demographics influence reproductive behaviors, we examined 24-h diel movements of female whitetailed deer relative to parturition and breeding in a low-density population with a near even sex ratio at the Savannah River Site (SRS), South Carolina. We conducted a series of intensive, 24-h radio-tracking periods of 13 females during spring and fall 2002. We compared daily range (ha), rate of travel (m/h), and distance between extreme daily locations (m), among the periods of pre-parturition and post-parturition and pre-, peak-, and post-rut. From pre-parturition to post-parturition, we observed decreases in diel range size (�¢����38.2%), distance between extreme diel locations (�¢����17.0%), and diel rate of travel (�¢����18.2%). Diel range size, distance between extreme diel locations, and diel rate of travel during the pre-rut and rut exceeded those observed during post-rut. We further identified substantial increases in mobility during 12 24-h diel periods for eight females during our fall monitoring. Our data suggest that female white-tailed deer reduce mobility post-fawning following exaggerated movements during pre-parturition. Furthermore, despite a near equal sex ratio, estrous does may be required to actively seek potential mates due to low population density.

  2. Early Decline in Glucose Transport and Metabolism Precedes Shift to Ketogenic System in Female Aging and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinton, Roberta Diaz

    Early Decline in Glucose Transport and Metabolism Precedes Shift to Ketogenic System in Female and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, 2 Department of Neurology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California

  3. The Development of Stimulus-Specific Auditory Responses Requires Song Exposure in Male But

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    But Not Female Zebra Finches Kristen K. Maul,1 Henning U. Voss,2 Lucas C. Parra,3 Delanthi Salgado-Commissariat,4 of this article. Kristen K. Maul and Henning U. Voss contributed equally to this study. Correspondence to: K, in contrast to normal birds (Pytte and Suthers, 1999). Does the shaping of auditory responses to vocal sounds

  4. High-prevalence male-killing Wolbachia in the buttery Acraea encedana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiggins, Francis

    , the trait has proved to be curable by either heat or antibiotics. The advent of PCR-based techniques has imperfect vertical transmission (Hurst & Majerus, 1993) which can lead to the estab- lishment of stable transmission ef®ciency were used to calculate that this high prevalence is the result of infected females

  5. Anim. Behav., 1997, 54, 13831392 Ultraviolet vision and band-colour preferences in female zebra finches,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaddle, John

    making (Cuthill & Bennett 1993; Bennett et al. 1994). Zebra finches are monogamous, sexually dimorphic leg bands to orange-banded and unbanded birds and rejected light green-banded males. In other studies appearance of the bird, rather than the change in appearance of the rings themselves. This work highlights

  6. The Costs of Reproductive Success in Male Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta) on Cayo Santiago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maestripieri, Dario

    # Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014 Abstract Sexual selection acts to increase the success dimorphism, and exhibit large testes, suggesting reduced direct competition and strong indirect competition of behavior and of sexually selected signals (male red facial coloration). We here review these studies

  7. ORIGINAL PAPER The genetic mating system of a sea spider with male-biased

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avise, John

    ORIGINAL PAPER The genetic mating system of a sea spider with male-biased sexual size dimorphism, suggesting the direction of size dimorphism may not be a reliable predictor of the intensity of sexual . Opportunity for selection . Paternity analysis . Polygynandry. Sexual size dimorphism Introduction Sex

  8. THE VOMERONASAL ORGAN IS REQUIRED FOR THE MALE MOUSE MEDIAL AMYGDALA RESPONSE TO CHEMICAL-COMMUNICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    , FL 32306-4295, USA Abstract--Many species use chemical signals to convey in- formation relevantTHE VOMERONASAL ORGAN IS REQUIRED FOR THE MALE MOUSE MEDIAL AMYGDALA RESPONSE TO CHEMICAL chemical signals may be detected by the vomeronasal organ, which sends projections to the accessory

  9. Pheromone-mediated optomotor anemotaxis and altitude control exhibited by male oriental fruit moths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Pheromone-mediated optomotor anemotaxis and altitude control exhibited by male oriental fruit),flyingunder high windspeeds tended to steer coursesmore a intothewind and to increasetheir airspeedscomparedwith angles and to maintain an upwind progress of between c 50-100 c d s despite variable wind velocities

  10. The Effects of Leptin Antagonist on Hypothalamic Neuropeptide Y Circuitry in Infantile Male Lambs. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedenbaugh, Michelle

    2012-04-16

    that disruption of leptin signaling alters the NPY circuitry in the hypothalamus of infantile lambs. Twelve neonatal Dorset X Finn male lambs were assigned randomly to one of three experimental groups (n = 4/group): 1) Early Antagonist (EA), 2) Late Antagonist (LA...

  11. Mutation analysis of BRCA1 and BRCA2 in a male breast cancer population

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman, L.S.; Gayther, S.A.; Ponder, B.A.J.

    1997-02-01

    A population-based series of 54 male breast cancer cases from Southern California were analyzed for germ-line mutations in the inherited breast/ovarian cancer genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2. Nine (17%) of the patients had a family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer in at least one first-degree relative. A further seven (13%) of the patients reported breast/ovarian cancer in at least one second-degree relative and in no first-degree relatives. No germ-line BRCA1 mutations were found. Two male breast cancer patients (4% of the total) were found to carry novel truncating mutations in the BRCA2 gene. Only one of the two male breast cancer patients carrying a BRCA2 mutation had a family history of cancer, with one case of ovarian cancer in a first-degree relative. The remaining eight cases (89%) of male breast cancer with a family history of breast/ovarian cancer in first-degree relatives remain unaccounted for by mutations in either the BRCA1 gene or the BRCA2 gene. 23 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

  12. Painted gobies sing their quality out loud: acoustic rather than visual signals advertise male quality and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painted gobies sing their quality out loud: acoustic rather than visual signals advertise male success in the painted goby (Pomatoschistus pictus), a highly visual and vocal fish species with paternal care. Painted gobies make conspicuous courtship visual displays such as body quivering and eight

  13. Seismic signals are crucial for male mating success in a visual specialist jumping spider (Araneae: Salticidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elias, Damian Octavio

    Seismic signals are crucial for male mating success in a visual specialist jumping spider (Araneae of multicomponent seismic courtship signals in addition to and produced in concert with its multiple visual ornaments and movement displays. Here, we demonstrate the importance of these seismic signals

  14. Measuring autistic traits in the general population: a systematic review of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) in a nonclinical population sample of 6,900 typical adult males and females

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruzich, E.; Allison, Carrie; Smith, Paula; Watson, Peter; Auyeung, Bonnie; Ring, Howard; Baron-Cohen, Simon

    2015-01-14

    . White, Coniston, Rogers, & Frith, 2011 Zwickel, White, Coniston, Senju, & Frith, 2011 Allison et al., 2012 Bakhtiari et al., 2012 F. D. C. C. Beacher et al., 2012 F. D. Beacher et al., 2012 Bejerot et al., 2012 Benson, Castelhano, Au?Yeung, & Rayner... . 2012;201:116–23. 49. Benson V, Castelhano MS, Au-Yeung SK, Rayner K. Eye movements reveal no immediate “WOW” (“which one’s weird”) effect in autism spectrum disorder. Q J Exp Psychol. 2012;65:1139–50. 50. Crane L, Pring L, Jukes K, Goddard L. Patterns...

  15. Bodily Renderings of the Jarabe Tapatio in Early Twentieth-Century Mexico and the Millennial United States: Race, Nation, Class, and Gender

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendoza-Garcia, Gabriela

    2013-01-01

    2011. Cockcroft, James D. Mexico: Class Formation, Capital2011. Tomko, Linda. Dancing Class: Gender, Ethnicity, andThe State, Education, and Social Class in Mexico, 1820-1928.

  16. 2,3-Hexanediols as Sex Attractants and a Female-produced Sex Pheromone for Cerambycid Beetles in the Prionine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanks, Lawrence M.

    ceramby- cid species often share pheromone components, or even pro- duce pheromone blends of identical,3- hexanediols, common components of male-produced aggrega- tion pheromones of beetles in the subfamily components, or even apparently using pheromones of identical composition. For example, males of many species

  17. Gender-specific differences and the impact of family integration on time trends in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zurich, University of

    -stratified Swiss suicide rates Andrea Riebler11 , Leonhard Held1 , H°avard Rue2 and Matthias Bopp1 1 Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Hirschengraben 84, 8001 Zurich.rue@math.ntnu.no Suicide has become one of the leading causes of death of Swiss males aged between 15 and 44 years, whose

  18. The Construction of Gender in Late Bronze Age Aegean Art. A Prolegomenon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehak, Paul

    1999-01-01

    - cq; )Ul- competitions), buil-leaprng. DrocessiLais. Ht \\\\* # \\r\\- ritual activities (at shrines o, peaL ianci;- ,,,..,Y@1 \\ "tt ; anest, archicectural representst:onj. t.'j ,.,,,,* V * e... 'picture book without text, Q.iiisson 19,.0:;). One aspect of that'picture book, that has been iicie explored is the consnuction of gender and sexualiqv rThomas 19"-1. llannatos 198.1, 1987. lgg3lKoehl 1986: , V afke are hard to identiry- (lv{orris 19g9...

  19. Proximate Causes of Natal Dispersal in Female Yellow-bellied Marmots, Marmota flaviventris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armitage, Kenneth; Van Vuren, Dirk H.; Ozgul, Arpat; Oli, Madan K.

    2011-01-01

    interactions are strongly affected by individual behavioral phenotypes (Armitage and Van Vuren 2003) and familiarity (Armitage 1977), they do not reflect social integration as well as does space- sharing. In effect, individuals are not integrated into a group.... T., T. W. Wey, and K. Tang. 2009. A test of the social cohesion hypothesis: interactive female marmots remain at home. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 276:3007–3012. Bollinger, E. K., S. J. Harper, and G. W. Barrett. 1993. Inbreeding...

  20. Anim. Behav., 1998, 55, 473483 Sexual selection and the fitness consequences of male body size in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savalli, Udo M.

    for the Study of Animal Behaviour Sexual size dimorphism is common and wide- spread among animals, but there is considerable variation in the nature and degree of dimorphism (Andersson 1994). In birds and mammals, malesAnim. Behav., 1998, 55, 473­483 Sexual selection and the fitness consequences of male body size

  1. The adhesive strength of the palettes of males of a boreal water beetle, Dytiscus alaskanus J. Balfour Browne (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aiken, Ron

    The adhesive strength of the palettes of males of a boreal water beetle, Dytiscus alaskanus J., and KHAN,A. 1992. The adhesive strength of the palettes of males of a boreal water beetle, Dytiscus alaskanus J. Balfour Browne (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Can. J. Zool. 70: 1321- 1324. The adhesive strength

  2. A new species of the bee genus Eoanthidium with extraordinary male femoral organs from the Arabian Peninsula (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.

    2004-10-06

    and is particularly noteworthy for the presence of a large, possibly glandular opening on the anterior-facing surface of the metafemur in males. The organ resembles in some respects the metatibial glands found in male orchid bees (Euglossini) of the New World tropics...

  3. Documenting Gender

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spade, Dean

    2008-01-01

    note 12, at 722; see also Paisley Currah & Shannon Minter,in Transgender Rights 217, 229 (Paisley Currah et al. eds. ,2007). 214. E-mail from Paisley Currah, Assoc. Professor,

  4. The Neural and Molecular Mechanisms Regulating Male Locomotion during Caenorhabditis elegans Mating Behavior 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherlekar, Amrita Laxman

    2015-05-12

    ). The dopaminergic system along with the serotonergic system plays a role in impulsivity. More impulsive behavior leads to risky decisions where the individual is highly likely to make uninformed, random decisions rather than correct one (Cools et al., 2011... to reach the other side. Exposure of worms to endogenous serotonin or dopamine induces a deep ventral curling of male tail similar to the turning posture suggesting that these neurotransmitters are involved in inducing or modulating turning posture (Loer...

  5. Exploring Risk and Protective Factors Among African American Males in Alternative and General Education Settings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crossley, Tia Billy

    2012-02-14

    to African American males. African American Youth The African American community as a whole has experienced both racism and discrimination. Many African American youth have been vulnerable to academic problems. Adolescence tends to be marked... Youth Risk factors have been characterized as variables that increase the chances of maladaptive outcomes both emotionally and behaviorally (Gutman, Sameroff, & Eccles, 2002; Hanlon et al., 2004). They have been researched throughout the literature...

  6. Negotiating Worlds, Managing Subjectivities, and Redefining Selves: The Lived Experiences of African American Undergraduate Females at Predominately White Institutions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Ayana Ma-El

    2011-02-22

    A narrative analysis of the lived experiences of seven undergraduate African American females at Predominately White Institutions (PWIs) is presented in this study. The purpose of the study was to explore the ways the ...

  7. Effects of the Master Gardener program on the self-development of female inmates of a Federal Prison Camp 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Migura, Melanie Marie

    1996-01-01

    were to determine the effects of participation in the Master Gardener program on the internal-external locus of control, self-esteem, and life satisfaction of female inmates. Approximately 60 inmates were administered a pretest prior to the Master...

  8. Insights into a researcher's attempt to study the mentoring needs of first-year, white, female teachers in diverse schools 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attaway, Kathy Ann

    2008-10-10

    While schools in America are becoming more culturally diverse, the majority of first-year teachers continue to be white females. Although mentoring has proven to be an effective means of supporting first-year teachers, ...

  9. Ovariectomy Induces a Shift in Fuel Availability and Metabolism in the Hippocampus of the Female Transgenic Model of Familial Alzheimer's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Fan; Yao, Jia; Zhao, Liqin; Mao, Zisu; Chen, Shuhua; Brinton, Roberta Diaz

    2013-03-26

    Previously, we demonstrated that reproductive senescence in female triple transgenic Alzheimer's (3×TgAD) mice was paralleled by a shift towards a ketogenic profile with a concomitant decline in mitochondrial activity in ...

  10. African American Urban Female Students' Perceptions of Social Factors Impacting Their Academic Achievement in One Public School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shelby-King, Rhonda Evette

    2011-08-08

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of social factors affecting the academic achievement of secondary African American urban (AAU) female students in an urban school district. This study determined ...

  11. Activity Budget, Field Metabolic Rate, and Foraging Ecology of Female Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) with Dependent Pups in Alaska 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolt, Ryan C.

    2014-04-30

    Sea otter (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) foraging behavior and prey preference (2001- 2004) and the behavior and activity budgets of females with dependent pups (2005- 2010) were studied during the summer (June-August) in Simpson ...

  12. Effects of Family-Related Facotrs on Female Project Managers' Salaries in the Construction Industry in the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilbo, David; Bigelow, Ben F.; Rybkowski, Zofia; Kamranzadeh, Amineh

    2014-07-31

    This study explores predictors of female project managers’ salary in the construction industry and analyzes the relationship between salaries and specific variables. Although prior research indicates a relationship does ...

  13. Gender Roles and Activities Among the Rural Poor Households: Case Studies from Hill Villages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pokharel, Binod

    2001-01-01

    , human societies are stratified into men and women dichotomies. All the known societies are unequally distributed. In small food producing societies, the inequality is limited to dyadic and non-categorical prestige bases (pathy, 1987). There is some sort... , wages are not the same for all workers and works. Adolescent and women receive lower wages than adult men. Carrying big load, ploughing, roofing and mason work generate high wages than digging, rice planting and harvesting. Males charge more wages than...

  14. Is the angel still in the house?: changes in female ideals in nineteenth-and twentieth-century literature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Cynthia

    2013-02-22

    -1 IS THEAWGEL STILL IN THEHOUSEP I CHANGES IN FEMALE IDEALS IN NINETEENTH- AND TrYENTIETH- CENTURY L ITERA TURE A Senior Thesis By Cynthia Griffin 1997-98 University Undergraduate Research Fellow Texas ASSAM University Group: Humanities Is the Angel... Still in the House?: Changes in Female Ideals in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Literature by Cynthia Griffin Submitted to the Once of Honors Programs and Academic Scholarships Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  15. An Investigation of the Factors that can Predict Philantrhopic Support for Former Female Student-Athletes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drummond, Jason S.

    2010-01-10

    – you have provided me with the time, the energy and the encouragement to fulfill this dream. Even when this became a less achievable goal through some of the circumstances over the past few years, you have continued to remind me how close I am..., 2002; Suggs, 2003) Between 1971-1972 and 2003-2004, female participation in intercollegiate competition increased from just under 30,000 to almost 151,000 (Bray 2004). The California State University system reported that participation in women...

  16. Protection of the female reproductive system from natural and artificial insults

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tilly, Jonathan L. (Windham, NH); Kolesnick, Richard N. (New York, NY)

    2010-12-14

    Described are methods for protecting the female reproductive system against natural and artificial insults by administering to women a composition comprising an agent that antagonizes one or more acid sphingomyelinase (ASMase) gene products. Specifically, methods disclosed herein serve to protect women's germline from damage resulting from cancer therapy regimens including chemotherapy or radiotherapy. In one aspect, the method preserves, enhances, or revives ovarian function in women, by administering to women a composition containing sphingosine-1-phosphate, or an analog thereof. Also disclosed are methods to prevent or ameliorate menopausal syndromes and to improve in vitro fertilization techniques.

  17. Percieved influence of societal dissonance, self-efficacy, African American male mentorship, and institutional support on the success of African American Males in a predominantly whie insitution of higher education 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Ronald William

    2009-05-15

    For the past decade the attainment gap in college admission and graduation rates between Black males and their White counterparts has continued to grow. A growing body of research has held that there is a negative correlation ...

  18. ROADS -Purdie-Vaughns & Muresan 1 Reducing Racial and Gender Achievement Gaps in STEM: Use of Natural Language Processing to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    of the intervention's effectiveness. The proposed work will be done by a team of researchers from the Graduate School approximately 1,400 middle school and college students, who vary in race and gender, among other characteristics Opportunity. Over the last several years, our team has successfully developed and implemented a novel "values

  19. Boys are like Girls: Insights in the Gender Digital Divide in Higher Education in Switzerland and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boys are like Girls: Insights in the Gender Digital Divide in Higher Education in Switzerland Switzerland, Locarno, Switzerland luca.botturi@supsi.ch) Chiara Bramani (New Media in Education Laboratory, University of Lugano, Switzerland chiara.bramani@usi.ch) Sean McCusker (School of Education, Durham

  20. PSY/WGS 506 Psychology of Gender Spring 2013, MW 4:307:15, 736 Poe Hall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    PSY/WGS 506 ­ Psychology of Gender Spring 2013, MW 4:307:15, 736 Poe Hall Dr. Mary Wyer Poe 732 relations from a psychological perspective. The course focuses on cultural meanings attached to being readings and class discussions. 3. Applying critical thinking skills and a psychological perspective

  1. This paper presents ethnographic research on the relationship between gender differences in the expression of traumatic stress and emic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Quintana Roo, Mexico had the greatest impact on gender differences in the expression in the expression of traumatic stress and emic constructions of social power relating to the humoral categories hot (q'ix) and cold (ke) in a Q'eqchi' refugee community in Campeche, Mexico. Women disproportionately

  2. Female community leaders in Houston, Texas: a study of the education of Ima Hogg and Christia Daniels Adair 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Linda L.

    2009-05-15

    Houston, Texas, the fourth largest metropolitan area in the United States, has several structures named after historically male leaders of the city?George R. Brown Convention Center, Mickey Leland Federal Building, William ...

  3. Increased bile acids in enterohepatic circulation by short-term calorie restriction in male mice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, Zidong Donna; Klaassen, Curtis D.

    2013-12-15

    Previous studies showed glucose and insulin signaling can regulate bile acid (BA) metabolism during fasting or feeding. However, limited knowledge is available on the effect of calorie restriction (CR), a well-known anti-aging intervention, on BA homeostasis. To address this, the present study utilized a “dose–response” model of CR, where male C57BL/6 mice were fed 0, 15, 30, or 40% CR diets for one month, followed by BA profiling in various compartments of the enterohepatic circulation by UPLC-MS/MS technique. This study showed that 40% CR increased the BA pool size (162%) as well as total BAs in serum, gallbladder, and small intestinal contents. In addition, CR “dose-dependently” increased the concentrations of tauro-cholic acid (TCA) and many secondary BAs (produced by intestinal bacteria) in serum, such as tauro-deoxycholic acid (TDCA), DCA, lithocholic acid, ?-muricholic acid (?MCA), and hyodeoxycholic acid. Notably, 40% CR increased TDCA by over 1000% (serum, liver, and gallbladder). Interestingly, 40% CR increased the proportion of 12?-hydroxylated BAs (CA and DCA), which correlated with improved glucose tolerance and lipid parameters. The CR-induced increase in BAs correlated with increased expression of BA-synthetic (Cyp7a1) and conjugating enzymes (BAL), and the ileal BA-binding protein (Ibabp). These results suggest that CR increases BAs in male mice possibly through orchestrated increases in BA synthesis and conjugation in liver as well as intracellular transport in ileum. - Highlights: • Dose response effects of short-term CR on BA homeostasis in male mice. • CR increased the BA pool size and many individual BAs. • CR altered BA composition (increased proportion of 12?-hydroxylated BAs). • Increased mRNAs of BA enzymes in liver (Cyp7a1 and BAL) and ileal BA binding protein.

  4. The Effect of Cues of Parental Investment on Attractiveness Ratings of Males: The Impact of Child Presence and Age 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Went, Hannah

    2007-01-01

    According to evolutionary theories of mate choice, male parental investment is a desired characteristic of long term mates. Brase (2006) found that cues of a positive disposition towards parental investment increased ...

  5. An Investigation of the Perceptions of Latino High School Males Who Were in Danger of Dropping Out but Persevered 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nell, Jan Elizabeth

    2012-02-14

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate perceptions and experiences of four Latino male students who obtained their high school diploma despite considerable adversity. An in-depth examination of the ...

  6. The Effect of Music Therapy on Executive Function Skills in Male, Incarcerated Adults in a Correctional Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Elisha

    2014-05-31

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of participation in a music therapy group on the executive function skills of male, incarcerated adults in a county correctional facility. Participants (N=16) were recruited from the medium...

  7. Impact of Radiotherapy on Fertility, Pregnancy, and Neonatal Outcomes in Female Cancer Patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wo, Jennifer Y.; Viswanathan, Akila N.

    2009-04-01

    Purpose: Radiation has many potential long-term effects on cancer survivors. Female cancer patients may experience decreased fertility depending on the site irradiated. Oncologists should be aware of these consequences and discuss options for fertility preservation before initiating therapy. Methods and Materials: A comprehensive review of the existing literature was conducted. Studies reporting the outcomes for female patients treated with cranio-spinal, abdominal, or pelvic radiation reporting fertility, pregnancy, or neonatal-related outcomes were reviewed. Results: Cranio-spinal irradiation elicited significant hormonal changes in women that affected their ability to become pregnant later in life. Women treated with abdomino-pelvic radiation have an increased rate of uterine dysfunction leading to miscarriage, preterm labor, low birth weight, and placental abnormalities. Early menopause results from low-dose ovarian radiation. Ovarian transposition may decrease the rates of ovarian dysfunction. Conclusions: There is a dose-dependent relationship between ovarian radiation therapy (RT) and premature menopause. Patients treated with RT must be aware of the impact of treatment on fertility and explore appropriate options.

  8. Atrazine-induced reproductive tract alterations after transplacental and/or lactational exposure in male Long-Evans rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, Jennifer L.; Enoch, Rolondo R.; Wolf, Douglas C.; Fenton, Suzanne E. . E-mail: fenton.suzanne@epa.gov

    2007-02-01

    Studies showed that early postnatal exposure to the herbicide atrazine (ATR) delayed preputial separation (PPS) and increased incidence of prostate inflammation in adult Wistar rats. A cross-fostering paradigm was used in this study to determine if gestational exposure to ATR would also result in altered puberty and reproductive tissue effects in the male rat. Timed-pregnant Long-Evans (LE) rats were dosed by gavage on gestational days (GD) 15-19 with 100 mg ATR/kg body weight (BW) or 1% methylcellulose (controls, C). On postnatal day (PND)1, half litters were cross-fostered, creating 4 treatment groups; C-C, ATR-C, C-ATR, and ATR-ATR (transplacental-milk as source, respectively). On PND4, male offspring in the ATR-ATR group weighed significantly less than the C-C males. ATR-ATR male pups had significantly delayed preputial separation (PPS). BWs at PPS for C-ATR and ATR-ATR males were reduced by 6% and 9%, respectively, from that of C-C. On PND120, lateral prostate weights of males in the ATR-ATR group were significantly increased over C-C. Histological examination of lateral and ventral prostates identified an increased distribution of inflammation in the lateral prostates of C-ATR males. By PND220, lateral prostate weights were significantly increased for ATR-C and ATR-ATR, but there were no significant changes in inflammation in either the lateral or ventral prostate. These results suggest that in LE rats, gestational ATR exposure delays PPS when male offspring suckle an ATR dam, but leads to increased lateral prostate weight via transplacental exposure alone. Inflammation present at PND120 does not increase in severity with time.

  9. Circuits attenuating seizures under well-fed and food-deprived conditions in C. elegans male sex muscles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leboeuf, Brigitte L.

    2010-07-14

    allele rg4..................................... 21 Identification of the molecular lesion in unc-43(n904).................. 21 Assay for abnormal spicule protraction......................................... 22 Mating behavior assay... spicule protraction in 82% of males, while hermaphrodites display no gross abnormalities (Table 1). A deletion allele, n1213, hereafter referred to as unc-103(0), induces spicule protraction in 42% of males (Table 1). In addition to causing abnormal...

  10. The Effects of Age at Infection and Gender on the Pathogenesis of Theiler’s Virus Induced Disease – A Model of Human Multiple Sclerosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Propst, Matthew Stephen

    2008-09-10

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) affecting 1 in 2000 of the US population. Susceptibility to MS is influenced by environmental, gender, genetic and pathogenic factors...

  11. A Critical Examination of Texas Mathematics Achievement in Grades Three through Eight by Mathematical Objective across Race/Ethnicity, Gender, and Socioeconomic Status 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Brandon

    2012-02-14

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to identify performance differences on the TAKS mathematics assessments in grades three through eight across race/ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status in the years 2004, ...

  12. The impact of mathematics anxiety, gender, and mathematics achievement on ontogenetic indicators for Hispanic/Latino students in higher education mathematics classes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Armando Isaac

    2006-10-30

    A convenience sample of 123 Hispanic/Latino students from a predominantly Hispanic/Latino South Texas community college was used to determine if gender and/or journal-writing had any effects on mathematics anxiety or ...

  13. Correlation between induction of meiotic delay and aneuploidy in male mouse germ cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adler, I.D.; Gassner, P.; Schriever-Schwemmer, G.; Min, Zhou Ru [Institut fuer Sauugetiergenetik, Neuherberg (Germany)

    1993-12-31

    No aneuploidy assays are prescribed in any international guidelines for chemical safety testing up to now. The CEC-sponsored Aneuploidy Project has the aim to validate test methods for aneuploidy induction which could be used as screening tests. Furthermore, one of the major goals is to develop an understanding of mechanisms by which aneuploidy is induced. The present paper describes the investigation of meiotic delay and aneuploidy induction with the drug diazepam (DZ), the environmentally important mutagen acrylamide (AA) and the spindle poison colchicine (COL), which is used as a positive control. The time course of events was investigated. It is concluded that the assessment of meiotic delay can be used to preselect chemicals which require evaluation of aneuploidy induction during MMI in male germ cells.

  14. A review of "Autobiography and Gender in Early Modern Literature: Reading Women's Lives, 1600-1680" by Sharon Cadman Seelig 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Julie D.

    2007-01-01

    Seelig. Autobiography and Gender in Early Modern Literature: Reading Women?s Lives, 1600-1680. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 214pp. 75.00 cloth; Review by JULIE D. CAMPBELL, EASTERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY. In this study on autobiography... making or the author?s?? (11). Seelig then provides close readings of the texts based on her responses to such questions. She summarizes her intentions by stating, ?My goal is not to arrive at an absolute definition of these forms [of autobiography...

  15. Performing Arts Management 306 Hinkley Center Provo, UT 84602-8500 (801) 422-3576 Fax: (801) 422-0546 Email: perform@byu.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Tony R.

    by BYU) Phone Number Single or Dble beds 1. Married Single Male Female Couple Any Pets? Yes No 2. Married Single Male Female Couple Any Pets? Yes No 3. Married Single Male Female Couple Any Pets? Yes No 4. Married Single Male Female Couple Any Pets? Yes No 5. Married Single Male Female Couple Any Pets? Yes No 6

  16. Long-term effects on reproductive parameters in female rats after translactational exposure to PCBs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sager, D.B.; Girard, D.M. (Univ. of Wisconsin, Green Bay, WI (United States))

    1994-07-01

    In an integrated series of experiments, we assessed effects of translactational exposure to Aroclor 1254 at three different ages: As young adults (2-4.5 months), as mature adults (5-8 months), and as older adults (8.5-13 months). Developing female rats were exposed postnatally to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) via oral treatment of the dams on Days 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 of lactation at the following doses: 8 [mu]g/g (PCBI), 32 [mu]g/g (PCBII), and 64 [mu]g/g (PCBIII) in peanut oil. Puberty, both vaginal opening and first estrus, was delayed in PCBII and PCBIII offspring. PCB exposure at all doses had a pronounced and consistent effect on uterine response. In mature PCBII and PCBIII adults, uterine wet weights were reduced at all stages of the estrous cycle and in light-induced persistent vaginal estrus (PVE). PCBI offspring exhibited a decreased uterine weight in proestrus and in light-induced PVE. Analysis of estrous cycles for 40 days at all ages indicated increases in diestrus. Fertility in young adults and mature adults was affected, with PCBIII young adults exhibiting less success with preimplantation stages, and PCBII and PCBIII mature adults showing an effect at pre- and/or postimplantation stages. As determined by patterns in estrous cycling and rate of development of PVE in 64 days of constant light, exposure to PCBs did not hasten reproductive aging at any of the ages examined. Instead, PCBIII young adults and PCBII and PCBIII older adults exhibited a delay in onset of light-induced PVE. This study demonstrates that translactational exposure to a PCB mixture that has little notable effect on the dams, not only delays puberty in the female offspring, but also several months later results in decreased uterine response, impairment of fertility, and irregular cycle patterns. Reproductive aging, however, is not hastened, and even may be delayed. Many of these effects could be explained, in part, by interference with estrogen. 67 refs., 10 figs., 7 tabs.

  17. vol. 161, no. 2 the american naturalist february 2003 Timing Games in the Reproductive Phenology of Female

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    later. Later-breeding females may reuse previous nest sites, and their digging behavior is thought in longevity, a well-known phenomenon in the salmonid literature, and a seasonal decline in wait duration. Both% of territories being reused, dig-up is likely an im- portant selective force in this population. Keywords

  18. Neuropeptidase activity is down-regulated by estradiol in steroid-sensitive regions of the hypothalamus in female mice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the hypothalamus in female mice Lisa A. Bruce a , Nicole E. Cyr a,1 , Jana W. Qiao a , Christa C. DeFries a , Marc Hypothalamus GnRH Prolyl endopeptidase Ventromedial nucleus a b s t r a c t Thimet oligopeptidase (TOP of the ventrolmedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMHvl) when animals are treated with estradiol (Cyr et al., 2010

  19. Effects of obesity and metabolic syndrome on steroidogenesis and folliculogenesis in the female Ossabaw mini-pig 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newell-Fugate, Annie; Taibl, Jessica; Alloosh, Mouhamad; Sturek, Michael; Bahr, Janice; Nowak, Romana; Krisher, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    mini-pigs. Nineteen nulliparous, sexually mature female Ossabaw pigs were fed a high fat/cholesterol/fructose diet (n=10) or a control diet (n=9) for eight months. After a three-month diet-induction period, pigs remained on their respective diets...

  20. The Effects of Surrogate Caregivers on The Relationship Between Fatherless/Fatherloss African American Male Youths and Their Level of Delinquent Behavior 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter-Haith, James A., Jr.

    2010-01-14

    behaviors in the youth. Other researchers, Mackey & Mackey (2003), seem to agree that the total absence of a male role model has a direct affect on the aggression level of the African American male youths. 8 8 This review will focus on developmental... on the delinquency of African American male youths than previously indicated (Mackey & Mackey, 2003). Research reports a positive correlation between the quality of the father-child relationship and self-esteem, but does not solely identify fatherloss...

  1. 2,3-Hexanediols as Sex Attractants and a Female-produced Sex Pheromone for Cerambycid Beetles in the Prionine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanks, Lawrence M.

    ceramby- cid species often share pheromone components, or even pro- duce pheromone blends of identical,3- hexanediols, common components of male-produced aggrega- tion pheromones of beetles in the subfamily sharing pheromone components, or even apparently using pheromones of identical composition. For example

  2. Colourful male guppies produce faster and more viable sperm L. LOCATELLO,* M. B. RASOTTO,*, J. P. EVANS & A. PILASTRO*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilastro, Andrea

    ). Guppies are live-bearing, sexually dimorphic fish with internal fertil- ization and a polyandrous studies have reported no significant association between male ornaments and sperm traits (birds: Birkhead sexually selected characteristics positively covaries with ejaculate traits (see also Malo et al., 2005b

  3. Marine Turtle Newsletter No. 134, 2012 -Page 21 Natal homing by an adult male green turtle at Tortuguero, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    . SALMON and D.K. PEDERSON. 1988. Egg failure in natural and relocated turtle nests. Journal of Herpetology) sampled in the Greater Caribbean region carries just three common 490-base pair (bp) control region grounds (FitzSimmons et al. 1997); however the extent to which male natal homing occurs at other green

  4. Toxic hydrogen sulphide and dark caves: pronounced male life-history divergence among locally adapted Poecilia mexicana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlupp, Ingo

    Toxic hydrogen sulphide and dark caves: pronounced male life-history divergence among locally-mail: ruedigerriesch@web.de ª 2 0 1 0 T H E A U T H O R S . J . E V O L . B I O L . 2 4 ( 2 0 1 1 ) 5 9 6 ­ 6 0 6 596 J

  5. Toxic hydrogen sulphide and dark caves: pronounced male life-history divergence among locally adapted Poecilia mexicana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    Toxic hydrogen sulphide and dark caves: pronounced male life-history divergence among locally-mail: ruedigerriesch@web.de ª 2 0 1 0 T H E A U T H O R S . J . E V O L . B I O L . J O U R N A L O F E V O L U T I O N

  6. Future Male Birth Control May Zap Sperm with Sound Waves1 by Jennifer Welsh, LiveScience2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Bohemia, University of

    males infertile. "Our5 noninvasive ultrasound treatment reduced sperm reserves in rats far below levels at the University of Missouri-Columbia, who published several studies of ultrasound treatments that killed15 germ cells and caused infertility, even testing the theory in humans. The machinery Fahim used is no longer

  7. Cloning, Immunolocalization and Functional Analyses of Calcitonin Receptor 1 (AedaeGPRCAL1; Diuretic Hormone 31 Receptor) in Females of Mosquito Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Hyeog Sun

    2013-04-26

    and hindgut muscle contraction in female A. aegypti mosquito. The full length cDNA encoding AedaeGPRCAL1 was cloned and sequenced. The receptor expression in the MTs and hindgut from female mosquito was analyzed by western blot and immunohistochemistry using...

  8. How do low-quality females know they're low-quality and do they always prefer low-quality mates?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorenson, Michael

    1 How do low-quality females know they're low-quality and do they always prefer low-quality mates-dependent variation in the direction of female mate preferences; women who consider themselves to be of low phenotypic quality (i.e. low attractiveness) prefer to date less attractive men whereas women who perceive themselves

  9. An Examination of the Role of Health Behaviors in the Relation between Neighborhood Disadvantage and Internalizing Symptoms among Latino Adolescents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubens, Sonia Lynne

    2014-08-31

    in Latino adolescents despite the fact that symptoms of internalizing disorders increase during adolescence across ethnic and racial groups (Canino et al., 2004; Costello, Mustillo, Erkanli, Keeler, & Angold, 2003). Therefore, this study examines... internalizing symptoms than younger adolescents, and since females are more likely to report these symptoms than males, age and gender were controlled for in the analysis (Costello, Mustillo, Erkanli, Keeler, & Angold, 2003). Analyses also controlled...

  10. Elite Theban Women of the Eighth-Sixth Centuries BCE in Egypt: Identity, Status and Mortuary Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jean

    2010-01-01

    wet nurses of Khonsu the Child Male Female Age Adult ChildTitles nurse, Lady of the House Male Female Age Adult Childnurse of a daughter of Taharqa Titles Male Female Age Adult

  11. A measure of experiences with violence and post-traumatic stress disorder 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Krista Nicole

    2013-02-22

    &. 0126], hypervigilance [F (1, 154) = 5 65, p&. 0187], Table 7 PTSD-SR, Sexuality Scale, and Substance Use scores by Gender Male Female N =68 N=194 Mean Mean PTSD-SR Reexperiencing* Avoidance Hyperarousal* 2. 35 1. 97 2 71 245 2 23...BSTANCE USE . . 14 EXPOSURE TO VIOLENT EVENTS. . . INTERNAL CONSISTENCY 18 PTSD-SR, SEXUALITY SCALE, AND SUBSTANCE USE SCORES BY SELF RATED TRAUMA. . . . . . 19 PTSD-SR, SEXUALITY SCALE, AND SUBSTANCE USE SCORES BY GENDER . . . . . 21 PTSD-SR, SEXUALITY...

  12. Prenatal ethanol exposure programs an increased susceptibility of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in female adult offspring rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Lang; Liu, Zhongfen; Gong, Jun; Zhang, Li; Wang, Linlong; Magdalou, Jacques; Chen, Liaobin; Wang, Hui

    2014-01-15

    Prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) induces dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia in fetus and adult offspring. However, whether PEE increases the susceptibility to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in offspring and its underlying mechanism remain unknown. This study aimed to demonstrate an increased susceptibility to high-fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD and its intrauterine programming mechanisms in female rat offspring with PEE. Rat model of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) was established by PEE, the female fetus and adult offspring that fed normal diet (ND) or HFD were sacrificed. The results showed that, in PEE + ND group, serum corticosterone (CORT) slightly decreased and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and glucose increased with partial catch-up growth; In PEE + HFD group, serum CORT decreased, while serum IGF-1, glucose and triglyceride (TG) increased, with notable catch-up growth, higher metabolic status and NAFLD formation. Enhanced liver expression of the IGF-1 pathway, gluconeogenesis, and lipid synthesis as well as reduced expression of lipid output were accompanied in PEE + HFD group. In PEE fetus, serum CORT increased while IGF-1 decreased, with low body weight, hyperglycemia, and hepatocyte ultrastructural changes. Hepatic IGF-1 expression as well as lipid output was down-regulated, while lipid synthesis significantly increased. Based on these findings, we propose a “two-programming” hypothesis for an increased susceptibility to HFD-induced NAFLD in female offspring of PEE. That is, the intrauterine programming of liver glucose and lipid metabolic function is “the first programming”, and postnatal adaptive catch-up growth triggered by intrauterine programming of GC-IGF1 axis acts as “the second programming”. - Highlights: • Prenatal ethanol exposure increase the susceptibility of NAFLD in female offspring. • Prenatal ethanol exposure reprograms fetal liver’s glucose and lipid metabolism . • Prenatal ethanol exposure cause the adaptive change of glucocorticoid-IGF1 axis.

  13. Exposure to monocrotophos pesticide during sexual development causes the feminization/demasculinization of the reproductive traits and a reduction in the reproductive success of male guppies (Poecilia reticulata)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tian, Hua; Li, Yun; Wang, Wei; Wu, Peng; Ru, Shaoguo, E-mail: rusg@ouc.edu.cn

    2012-09-01

    Monocrotophos is a highly toxic organophosphorus pesticide that has been confirmed to be an endocrine?disrupting chemical. To evaluate the influence of this pollutant on the reproductive system of male fish, we studied the sex steroid levels, reproductive traits, sex ratio, and reproductive success in male guppies (Poecilia reticulata) exposed to 40% monocrotophos pesticide at the nominal concentrations of 0.01, 0.10, and 1.00 mg/L for 90 days from birth to adulthood in a semi?static exposure system. Radioimmunoassay and western blot analyses demonstrated that the long?term exposure to monocrotophos pesticide during the sexual development of male guppies caused a significant increase in 17??estradiol levels and consequently induced vitellogenin synthesis, suggesting the feminization of the males. Monocrotophos pesticide also caused a significant decrease in testosterone levels, which consequently inhibited testis growth and reduced the sperm count and the area and intensity of their sexually attractive orange spots, which collectively indicated the significant demasculinization of the male sexual characteristics. Furthermore, these changes in the sexual characteristics at the cellular and organ levels translated into ecologically important effects on the reproductive success at the individual level, as measured by a decrease in offspring production and survival rate. The present study provides the first evidence that monocrotophos pesticide can cause severe reproductive abnormalities in fish due to its endocrine?disrupting action. -- Highlights: ? Monocrotophos pesticide caused an increase in 17??estradiol levels of male guppies. ? Monocrotophos pesticide induced vitellogenin synthesis of male guppies. ? Monocrotophos pesticide caused a decrease in testosterone levels of male guppies. ? Monocrotophos pesticide caused demasculinization of male sexual characteristics. ? Monocrotophos pesticide caused a reduction in reproductive success of male guppies.

  14. Title: Gender differences in presentation, management and in-hospital outcome in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Data from 5,000 patients included in the ORBI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Title: Gender differences in presentation, management and in-hospital outcome in patients with ST. Titre: Différences liées au genre dans la présentation, la gestion et le devenir intra hospitalier des: Background: Gender differences in presentation, management and outcome in patients with ST

  15. A review of "Literary Circles and Gender in Early Modern Europe: A Cross-Cultural Approach" by Julie Campbell 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Lissa Beauchamp

    2007-01-01

    Lab? indicate how the late medieval Querelle des femmes extends into the Querelle des amyes, drawing the intellectual discourse of the woman question to bear on the behaviour of both men and women in love. As well, the ?liminality between [French... widen to include the behaviour of men as well as women in love, but also the notion of female virtue as chastity shifts to incorporate that of constancy, which had previously been identified as a masculine virtue in querelle rhetoric. Again, too...

  16. A review of "Gender, Race and Religion in the Colonization of the Americas" edited by Nora E. Jaffary 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindman, Janet

    2009-01-01

    involved in both the ideology and praxis of colonialism? (2). By providing a variety of historical narratives from diverse colonial sites, i.e., Brazil, Peru, Mexico, North America and the Caribbean, this volume seeks to ?unite? two subfields: ?the... that the Georgian migration mirrored the New England experience, but that once settled English women faced a demographic regime similar to the Chesapeake. Though some female settlers commandeered signifi- cant power in colonial Georgia, the ?elasticity...

  17. Architectural Design Factors Of Domestic Violence Shelters That Affect Outcomes For Female Domestic Violence Victims: A Naturalistic Inquiry To Establish Grounded Theory For Future Research 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prestwood, Laura E.

    2011-08-08

    Designing domestic violence shelters for women must be considered from a feminist perspective, inclusive of theories of embodiment, as the female victim's emotional state (mind) is a critical component in determining her overall state (i.e., level...

  18. Changes in androgen receptor mRNA expression in the forebrain and oviduct during the reproductive cycle of female leopard geckos,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crews, David

    was observed in the medial preoptic area, anterior hypothalamus, external nucleus of the amygdala, dorsolateral aspect of the ventromedial hypothalamus, lateral septum, and periventricular hypothalamus. There were rights reserved. Keywords: Androgen receptor; Female; Hypothalamus; Neuroendocrinology; Reproductive

  19. Immunolocalization and in vivo Functional Analysis by RNAi of the Aedes Kinin Receptor in Female Mosquitoes of Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera, Culicidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kersch, Cymon

    2012-02-14

    and vectorial capacity of Anopheline mosquitoes. Beyond their use as model organisms, female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are vectors of the causative pathogens for both yellow fever and dengue fever diseases. Worldwide, there are an estimated 200,000 cases...

  20. Examining Mechanisms Contributing to the Biological Variation of Residual Feed Intake in Growing Heifers and Bulls and in Mid-Gestation Females 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hafla, Aimee

    2012-10-19

    The objectives of this study were to characterize residual feed intake (RFI) in growing bulls and heifers and in mid-gestation females to examine relationships with performance, body composition, feeding behavior, digestibility ...

  1. Sexual assault is broadly defined in Canada as sexual touching without consent. In comparison, Japanese rape laws are gender-specific, relativize the significance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magyar, Akos

    , Japanese rape laws are gender-specific, relativize the significance of lack of consent and do not include interpretation of Japanese rape law, including recent reformation efforts, will be introduced and analyzed), "Rape in Railways and Public Indecency" (Keio Law Journal, 2015), and "Sexual Offenses in Canada

  2. Report to the UTK Faculty Senate Budget and Planning Committee on Analysis of Faculty Salary Data based upon Gender using Data from Fall 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, Louis J.

    Report to the UTK Faculty Senate Budget and Planning Committee on Analysis of Faculty Salary Data://www.tiem.utk.edu/~gross/facpres.html under the Gender and Faculty Salary Report section. The objective of this supplementary report) for a later data set of faculty salaries, those as of October 2007 which included merit and equity raises

  3. Photo Identification, Summer Activity Pattern, Estimated Field Metabolic Rate and Territory Quality of Adult Male Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris) in Simpson Bay, Prince William Sound, Alaska 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finerty, Shannon E.

    2010-07-14

    . Six behaviors (foraging, grooming, interacting with other otters, patrolling, resting, and surface swimming) were observed during four time periods (dawn, day, dusk, night) to create 24-hr activity budgets. Male sea otters spent 27% of their time...

  4. Effects of feeding stimulant and insecticide mixtures on feeding response and morality of adult male corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie)(Lepidoptera:Noctuidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemens, Christopher Glen

    1996-01-01

    stimulants on feeding behavior and mortality of pheromone trap captured adult male corn earworms, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), to screen and evaluate toxicants for use in an attracticide formulation. Commercially-available formulations of acephate, boric acid...

  5. The Relationship Between Teachers' Preparation and Perceived Level of Technology Use in Mathematics With Middle School African American Males 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mason, Sherrie Dee

    2012-10-19

    , multistep problems, U.S. students are still stuck in arithmetic, moving onto algebra and other topics only in the 8th or 9th grades if they do so at all. (p. 308) According to NAEP data, the math scores for urban inner city school districts fall below... AMERICAN MALES A Dissertation by SHERRIE DEE MASON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Norvella P...

  6. Importance of protamine phosphorylation to histone displacement in spermatids: can the disruption of this process be used for male contraception

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balhorn, R.; Hud, N.V.; Corzett, M.; Mazrimas, J.

    1995-06-01

    Protamine is a small protein that packages DNA in the sperm of most vertebrates. Shortly after its synthesis, the serine and threonine residues in each protamine are phosphorylated and the modified proteins are deposited onto DNA, displacing the histones and other chromatin proteins. We have hypothesized that the phosphorylation of protamine 1 induces protamine dimerization and these dimers are required for efficient histone displacement. Histone displacement by protamines in late-step spermatids appears to be essential for the production of fertile sperm in man and other mammals, and the disruption of this process could provide a new approach for male contraception. As a first step towards testing this theory, we have initiated a set of in vitro experiments to determine whether of not protamine phosphorylation is essential for histone displacement. Thee results of these experiments, although incomplete, confirm that unphosphorylated protamine cannot effectively displace histone from DNA. Polyarginine molecules twice the size of a protamine molecule and salmine dimer were found to be more effective. These results are consistent with the theory that the disruption of protamine phosphorylation may prove to be a useful new approach for male contraception if it can be shown to facilitate or induce protamine dimerization.

  7. Detection of eight BRCA1 mutations in 10 breast/ovarian cancer families, including 1 family with male breast cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sruewing, J.P.; Brody, L.C.; Erdos, M.R.

    1995-07-01

    Genetic epidemiological evidence suggests that mutations in BRCA1 may be responsible for approximately one half of early onset familial breast cancer and the majority of familial breast/ovarian cancer. The recent cloning of BRCA1 allows for the direct detection of mutations, but the feasibility of presymptomatic screening for cancer susceptibility is unknown. We analyzed genomic DNA from one affected individual from each of 24 families with at least three cases of ovarian or breast cancer, using SSCP assays. Variant SSCP bands were subcloned and sequenced. Allele-specific oligonucleotide hybridization was used to verify sequence changes and to screen DNA from control individuals. Six frameshift and two missense mutations were detected in 10 different families. A frameshift mutation was detected in a male proband affected with both breast and prostate cancer. A 40-bp deletion was detected in a patient who developed intra-abdominal carcinomatosis 1 year after prophylactic oophorectomy. Mutations were detected throughout the gene, and only one was detected in more than a single family. These results provide further evidence that inherited breast and ovarian cancer can occur as a consequence of a wide array of BRCA1 mutations. These results suggests that development of a screening test for BRCA1 mutations will be technically challenging. The finding of a mutation in a family with male breast cancer, not previously thought to be related to BRCA1, also illustrates the potential difficulties of genetic counseling for individuals known to carry mutations. 37 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  8. A review of "Gender and Song in Early Modern England" edited by Leslie C. Dunn and Katherine R. Larson 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Victoria E.

    2015-01-01

    was captured in song is Nora Corrigan’s “Song, Political Resistance, and Masculinity in Thomas Heywood’s The Rape of Luc- rece.” Unusually, most of the songs in this play are sung by lords, most notably Valerius and Brutus, who subvert masculine expectations... by turning away from responsibility and towards pleasure with male social equals and inferiors. Corrigan demonstrates that Lucrece’s rape is not the focal point of the play, and indeed that she is not given a voice. Instead the play’s message of resistance...

  9. Tracheal resonance database.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speech Communication Group (Massachusetts Institute of Technology); Sonderegger, Morgan A.; Chi, Xuemin, 1979-

    2006-02-08

    Syllables recorded from seven male and seven female speakers. Includes simultaneously recorded microphone and accelerometer signals.

  10. Forest Health: Texas Leaf-Cutting Ant http://tfsweb.tamu.edu Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    castes are comprised of the winged reproductives, or "alates, (female queens and male drones having wings

  11. The use of labeled leucine in establishing the time of allanto-chorionic fusion in the female albino rat with reference to implantation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, James Edward

    1966-01-01

    THE USE OF LABELED LEUCINE IN ESTABLISHING THE TIME OF ALLANTO-CHORIONIC FUSION IN THE FEMALE ALBINO RA T WIT H RE FERE NC E T 0 IM PLANTA T I ON A Thesis By JAMES EDWARD RUTLEDGE Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASSAM... University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1966 Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction THE USE OF LABELED LEUCINE IN ESTABLISHING THE TIME OF ALLANTO- CHORIONIC FUSION IN THE FEMALE ALBINO RAT...

  12. The Influence of Running on Patellar Water Content and Bone Marrow Edema in Females with and without Patellofemoral , H. H. Hu2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    The Influence of Running on Patellar Water Content and Bone Marrow Edema in Females marrow water content changes in individuals with and without PFP. To accomplish this goal, we used the water content of the images measured. Equation 2 was used to estimate the water volume of local BME. Eq

  13. Wasp sex ratios when females on a patch are related DAVID M. SHUKER*, SARAH E. REECE*, JON A. L. TAYLOR* & STUART A. WEST*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    Wasp sex ratios when females on a patch are related DAVID M. SHUKER*, SARAH E. REECE*, JON A. L 12 November 2003; final acceptance 4 December 2003; MS. number: 7865) Optimality theory of sex sex ratio behaviour in numerous species. Extensions to the basic theory have included more specific

  14. Rigid overlay of volume sonography and MR image data of the female pelvic floor using a fiducial based alignment--feasibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the authors [1], advances in 3D sonographical imaging as well as in data acquisition techniques allowRigid overlay of volume sonography and MR image data of the female pelvic floor using a fiducial with enhanced informative content. In this paper, we present an overlay technique of magnetic resonance (MR

  15. Seasonal Patterns of Melatonin, Cortisol, and Progesterone Secretion in Female Lambs Raised Beneath a 500-kV Transmission Line.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jack M.

    1992-06-01

    Although several kinds of biological effects of electric and magnetic fields have been reported from laboratory studies, few have been independently replicated. When this study was being planned, the suppression of nighttime melatonin in rodents was thought to represent one of the strongest known effects of these fields. The effect had been replicated by a single laboratory for 60-Hz electric fields, and by multiple laboratories for d-c magnetic fields. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the effect of electric and magnetic fields on melatonin would also occur in sheep exposed to a high voltage transmission line. The specific hypothesis tested by this experiment was as follows: The electrical environment produced by a 60-Hz, 500-kV transmission line causes a depression in nocturnal melatonin in chronically exposed female lambs. This may mimic effects of pinealectomy or constant long-day photoperiods, thus delaying the onset of reproductive cycles. Results of the study do not provide evidence to support the hypothesis. Melatonin concentrations in the sheep exposed to the transmission line showed the normal pattern of low daytime and high nighttime serum levels. As compared to the control group, there were no statistically significant group differences in the mean amplitude, phase, or duration of the nighttime melatonin elevation.

  16. Gestational exposure to diethylstilbestrol alters cardiac structure/function, protein expression and DNA methylation in adult male mice progeny

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haddad, Rami, E-mail: rami.haddad@mail.mcgill.ca [Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, 3755 chemin Cote Ste Catherine, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3T 1E2 (Canada) [Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, 3755 chemin Cote Ste Catherine, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3T 1E2 (Canada); Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, McGill University, 850 Sherbrooke Street, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3A 1A2 (Canada); Kasneci, Amanda, E-mail: amanda.kasneci@mail.mcgill.ca [Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, 3755 chemin Cote Ste Catherine, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3T 1E2 (Canada)] [Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, 3755 chemin Cote Ste Catherine, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3T 1E2 (Canada); Mepham, Kathryn, E-mail: katherine.mepham@mail.mcgill.ca [Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, 3755 chemin Cote Ste Catherine, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3T 1E2 (Canada) [Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, 3755 chemin Cote Ste Catherine, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3T 1E2 (Canada); Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, McGill University, 850 Sherbrooke Street, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3A 1A2 (Canada); Sebag, Igal A., E-mail: igal.sebag@mcgill.ca [Division of Cardiology, Jewish General Hospital, 3755 chemin Cote Ste Catherine, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3T 1E2 (Canada); and others

    2013-01-01

    Pregnant women, and thus their fetuses, are exposed to many endocrine disruptor compounds (EDCs). Fetal cardiomyocytes express sex hormone receptors making them potentially susceptible to re-programming by estrogenizing EDCs. Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a proto-typical, non-steroidal estrogen. We hypothesized that changes in adult cardiac structure/function after gestational exposure to the test compound DES would be a proof in principle for the possibility of estrogenizing environmental EDCs to also alter the fetal heart. Vehicle (peanut oil) or DES (0.1, 1.0 and 10.0 ?g/kg/da.) was orally delivered to pregnant C57bl/6n dams on gestation days 11.5–14.5. At 3 months, male progeny were left sedentary or were swim trained for 4 weeks. Echocardiography of isoflurane anesthetized mice revealed similar cardiac structure/function in all sedentary mice, but evidence of systolic dysfunction and increased diastolic relaxation after swim training at higher DES doses. The calcium homeostasis proteins, SERCA2a, phospholamban, phospho-serine 16 phospholamban and calsequestrin 2, are important for cardiac contraction and relaxation. Immunoblot analyses of ventricle homogenates showed increased expression of SERCA2a and calsequestrin 2 in DES mice and greater molecular remodeling of these proteins and phospho-serine 16 phospholamban in swim trained DES mice. DES increased cardiac DNA methyltransferase 3a expression and DNA methylation in the CpG island within the calsequestrin 2 promoter in heart. Thus, gestational DES epigenetically altered ventricular DNA, altered cardiac function and expression, and reduced the ability of adult progeny to cardiac remodel when physically challenged. We conclude that gestational exposure to estrogenizing EDCs may impact cardiac structure/function in adult males. -- Highlights: ? Gestational DES changes cardiac SERCA2a and CASQ2 expression. ? Echocardiography identified systolic dysfunction and increased diastolic relaxation. ? DES increased DNMT3a expression and increased CpG DNA methylation. ? DES impacts fetal heart reducing cardiac reserve on challenge in adulthood. ? Fetal heart can be re-programmed by a non-steroidal estrogen.

  17. The obscure events contributing to the evolution of an incipient sex chromosome in Populus A retrospective working hypothesis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Chen, Jay [ORNL; Labbe, Jessy L [ORNL; Ranjan, Priya [ORNL; DiFazio, Steven P [West Virginia University; Slavov, Goncho T. [West Virginia University; Yin, Tongming [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Genetic determination of gender is a fundamental developmental and evolutionary process in plants. Although it appears that dioecy in Populus is partially genetically controlled, the precise gender-determining systems remain unclear. The recently-released second draft assembly and annotated gene set of the Populus genome provided an opportunity to re-visit this topic. We hypothesized that over evolutionary time, selective pressure has reformed the genome structure and gene composition in the peritelomeric region of the chromosome XIX which has resulted in a distinctive genome structure and cluster of genes contributing to gender determination in Populus. Multiple lines of evidence support this working hypothesis. First, the peritelomeric region of the chromosome XIX contains significantly fewer single nucleotide polymorphisms than the rest of Populus genome and has a distinct evolutionary history. Second, the peritelomeric end of chromosome XIX contains the largest cluster of the nucleotide-binding site-leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) class of disease resistances genes in the entire Populus genome. Third, there is a high occurrence of small microRNAs on chromosome XIX coincident to the region containing the putative gender-determining locus and the major cluster of NBS-LRR genes. Further, by analyzing the metabolomic profiles of floral bud in male and female Populus trees using a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, we found there are gender-specific accumulations of phenolic glycosides. Taken together, these findings provide new insights into the genetic control of gender determination in Populus.

  18. Effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on main olfactory input to the medial amygdala in male hamsters. Blake, CB, Meredith, M. Florida State University,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meredith, Michael

    Effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on main olfactory input to the medial amygdala mating behavior is dependent on chemosensory input from the main olfactory and vomeronasal systems, whose. In sexually-naïve males, vomeronasal organ removal (VNX), but not main olfactory lesion, impairs mating

  19. Effects of prenatal exposure to a low dose atrazine metabolite mixture on pubertal timing and prostate development of male Long-Evans rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stanko, Jason; Enoch, Rolondo; Rayner, Jennifer L; Davis, Christine; Wolf, Douglas; Malarkey, David; Fenton, Suzanne

    2010-12-01

    The present study examines the postnatal reproductive development of male rats following prenatal exposure to an atrazine metabolite mixture (AMM) consisting of the herbicide atrazine and its environmental metabolites diaminochlorotriazine, hydroxyatrazine, deethylatrazine, and deisopropylatrazine. Pregnant Long-Evans rats were treated by gavage with 0.09, 0.87, or 8.73 mg AMM/kg body weight (BW), vehicle, or 100 mg ATR/kg BW positive control, on gestation days 15 19. Preputial separation was significantly delayed in 0.87 mg and 8.73 mg AMM-exposed males. AMM-exposed males demonstrated a significant treatment-related increase in incidence and severity of inflammation in the prostate on postnatal day (PND) 120. A dose-dependent increase in epididymal fat masses and prostate foci were grossly visible in AMM-exposed offspring. These results indicate that a short, late prenatal exposure to mixture of chlorotriazine metabolites can cause chronic prostatitis in male LE rats. The mode of action for these effects is presently unclear.

  20. Classifying sex biased congenital anomalies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lubinsky, M.S. [Medical College of Wisconsin and Children`s Hospital, Milwaukee, WI (United States)] [Medical College of Wisconsin and Children`s Hospital, Milwaukee, WI (United States)

    1997-03-31

    The reasons for sex biases in congenital anomalies that arise before structural or hormonal dimorphisms are established has long been unclear. A review of such disorders shows that patterning and tissue anomalies are female biased, and structural findings are more common in males. This suggests different gender dependent susceptibilities to developmental disturbances, with female vulnerabilities focused on early blastogenesis/determination, while males are more likely to involve later organogenesis/morphogenesis. A dual origin for some anomalies explains paradoxical reductions of sex biases with greater severity (i.e., multiple rather than single malformations), presumably as more severe events increase the involvement of an otherwise minor process with opposite biases to those of the primary mechanism. The cause for these sex differences is unknown, but early dimorphisms, such as differences in growth or presence of H-Y antigen, may be responsible. This model provides a useful rationale for understanding and classifying sex-biased congenital anomalies. 42 refs., 7 tabs.

  1. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN SES

  2. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN

  3. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN2 4

  4. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN2 40

  5. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN2 40

  6. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN2 40

  7. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN2

  8. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN27

  9. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN27

  10. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN27

  11. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN279

  12. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY PLAN2799

  13. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY

  14. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY5

  15. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY531

  16. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY5311 3 0

  17. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY5311 3 02

  18. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY5311 3

  19. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY5311 35

  20. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY5311 350

  1. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY5311 3501

  2. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY5311

  3. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY53114

  4. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY531149

  5. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY5311491

  6. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29 PAY531149191

  7. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29

  8. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 290

  9. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 2904

  10. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 29043

  11. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 290432 4 1 0 0

  12. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 290432 4 1 0 00

  13. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 290432 4 1 0

  14. TOTAL WORKFORCE Males

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 290432 4 1 09

  15. INFORMATION ABOUT RECENT APPLIED MATH PH.D.'S Student Advisor Thesis Title Completed Placement Period of Study Previous Degrees Received Gender Ethnicity Citizenship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, Scott

    Garber J. Glimm Parallel Computation of Radiative Heat Transfer in an Axisymmetric Closed Chamber 8/96 ­ 8/02 Master of Science ­ Long Island University Female Asian Korea Charles Ju B. Plohr Magnetically Fluid Mixing: Rayleigh-Taylor Mixing Rate and Diesel Fuel Injection Spray 12/02 Asst. Prof., Calif

  16. The making and selling of an illusion: an examination of racial and gender diversity in post-civil rights U.S. corporations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Embrick, David Geronimo Truc-Thanh

    2009-05-15

    spent and the increased amount of research that corporations have done on the issue of diversity, we should expect some progress in terms of equality or equal rights for minority and female workers. However, while there has been a substantial increase...

  17. 12/11/2014 13:21Bees Wage Surprisingly Violent Wars--And Females Do the Fighting Page 1 of 11http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/11/141110-bees-warfare-hives-australia-insects-animals-science/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    12/11/2014 13:21Bees Wage Surprisingly Violent Wars--And Females Do the Fighting Page 1 of 11http Surprisingly Violent Wars-- And Females Do the Fighting Scientists are puzzled as to why bees fight when the Fighting Page 2 of 11http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/11/141110-bees

  18. A review of "Law, Crime and English Society, 1660-1830" by Norma Landau and "Crime, Gender and Social Order in Early Modern England" by Garthine Walker 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherman, Donovan

    2010-01-01

    with the Mosaic distinction? in that he moves away from allegory that Spenser uses as his defense and is thus left exposed (316). Norma Landau, ed. Law, Crime and English Society, 1660-1830. Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press, 2002. xii + 264 pp. $60... and historical analysis energizes Law, Crime and English Society, 1660-1830, edited by Norma Landau, and Crime, Gender and Social Order in Early Modern England by Garthine Walker. While only the latter acknowledges its reviews 17 debt to modern critical...

  19. Sex differences in social focus across the lifecycle in humans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharya, Kunal; Monsivais, Daniel; Dunbar, Robin I M; Kaski, Kimmo

    2015-01-01

    Age and gender are two important factors that play crucial roles in the way organisms allocate their social effort. In this study, we analyse a large mobile phone dataset to explore the way lifehistory influences human sociality and the way social networks are structured. Our results indicate that these aspects of human behaviour are strongly related to the age and gender such that younger individuals have more contacts and, among them, males more than females. However, the rate of decrease in the number of contacts with age differs between males and females, such that there is a reversal in the number of contacts around the late 30s. We suggest that this pattern can be attributed to the difference in reproductive investments that are made by the two sexes. We analyse the inequality in social investment patterns and suggest that the age and gender-related differences that we find reflect the constraints imposed by reproduction in a context where time (a form of social capital) is limited.

  20. GENDER AND CULTURE HER_10.indd 231HER_10.indd 231 11/29/2006 5:55:43 PM11/29/2006 5:55:43 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herring, Susan

    flirtatious conversations with females than vice versa (Bruckman, 1993). We find that females participate more with how appropriate it is for women to speak and be heard in public, as well as attitudes toward AND CULTURE Q1 dominance reproduced from offline Thai culture--in which women are socialized to be docile

  1. The Impact of Post-Mastectomy Radiation Therapy on Male Breast Cancer Patients-A Case Series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Edward; Suzuki, Hiromichi; Younus, Jawaid; Elfiki, Tarek; Stitt, Larry; Yau, Gary; Vujovic, Olga; Perera, Francisco; Lock, Michael; Tai, Patricia

    2012-02-01

    Objective: To assess the impact of radiation management on male breast cancer (MBC) at London Regional Cancer Program (LRCP). Methods and Materials: Men with a diagnosis of breast cancer referred to LRCP were reviewed. The seventh American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system was used. Patients treated with and without post-mastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) were analyzed. Disease-free survival (DFS) was defined as time duration from diagnosis to first recurrence. Overall survival (OS) was defined as time duration from pathologic diagnosis to death or last follow-up with any death defined as an event. Survival estimates were obtained using Kaplan-Meier methodology. Results: From January 1977 to December 2006, 81 men had invasive ductal carcinoma. The median age was 65 (range, 35-87 years). There were 15 Stage I, 40 Stage II, 20 Stage III, and 6 Stage IV patients. Median follow-up time was 46 months (range, 1-225 months). Of the 75 patients treated with curative intent, 29 did not receive PMRT and 46 completed PMRT. Patients who received PMRT demonstrated no benefit in overall survival (p = 0.872) but significantly better local recurrence free survival (p < 0.001) compared with those who did not receive RT. There was trend toward improving locoregional recurrence with PMRT in patients with high-risk features (node-positive, advanced stage, and {<=}2 mm or unknown surgical margin). The median, 5-year, and 10-year disease-free survival and overall survival for the 75 patients were 77.7 months, 66.3%, 32.7%, and 91.2 months, 73.9%, and 36.6%, respectively. Conclusion: The experience at LRCP suggests that high-risk MBC patients should consider PMRT to improve their chance of local recurrence-free survival.

  2. Effects of stress on serum triglycerides, nonsterified fatty acids, and total cholesterol levels in male rats after ethanol administration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hershock, D.; Vogel, W.H. (Thomas Jefferson Univ., Philadelphia, PA (USA))

    1989-02-09

    Serum triglycerides, nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), and total cholesterol were determined during one hour immobilization stress in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats after ethanol administration (2g/kg, i.p.). Stress and ethanol effects were evaluated in two experiments: (1) rats maintained on Purina Rodent Chow for six weeks and fasted for 24 hours; and (2) rats maintained on the same diet supplemented with 1% cholesterol and 10% peanut oil for six weeks and nonfasted prior to experimentation. Blood was obtained from indwelling jugular catheters. In each experiment, differences were seen in triglyceride and NEFA levels but not in total cholesterol. In the regular diet-fed rats (1), serum triglyceride levels were not affected by either stress or ethanol. However, NEFA levels did show differences in the response to ethanol and stress. A 63% decrease from baseline after 5{prime} of stress was partially abolished by ethanol; instead, a 24% increase was observed. Also, a stress-induced increase in NEFA which occurred after 15{prime} was not observed in the ethanol treated rats; rather, a decrease in NEFA was noted. Total cholesterol did not change in response to stress or ethanol. In the high cholesterol diet-fed rats (2), ethanol did not suppress a stress-induced increase in triglyceride levels. NEFA levels in ethanol-treated rats were higher during the first 15{prime} of stress as compared to stress alone. A decrease in NEFA was however seen in the ethanol-treated rats after 30{prime} of stress and these levels remained lower than the stress alone group. A diet-induced increase in total cholesterol levels was observed; however, no changes were seen due to either or ethanol. Thus, ethanol administration prior to acute immobilization stress did affect serum triglyceride and NEFA levels but did not change total cholesterol.

  3. Gender and Criminality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duley, Kolleen

    2012-01-01

    public housing authorities to examine criminal records andThe stigma of a criminal record interacts with existingrecords in screening appli- cants, and to terminate a resident's tenancy for any criminal

  4. Thinking Gender 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chien-Ling

    2015-01-01

    Colloquium in History of Science, Technology, and Medicinethe post- History of Science, Technology, and on exploring

  5. Use of genomic data in risk assessment case study: I. Evaluation of the dibutyl phthalate male reproductive development toxicity data set

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makris, Susan L.; Euling, Susan Y.; Gray, L. Earl; Benson, Robert; Foster, Paul M.D.

    2013-09-15

    A case study was conducted, using dibutyl phthalate (DBP), to explore an approach to using toxicogenomic data in risk assessment. The toxicity and toxicogenomic data sets relative to DBP-related male reproductive developmental outcomes were considered conjointly to derive information about mode and mechanism of action. In this manuscript, we describe the case study evaluation of the toxicological database for DBP, focusing on identifying the full spectrum of male reproductive developmental effects. The data were assessed to 1) evaluate low dose and low incidence findings and 2) identify male reproductive toxicity endpoints without well-established modes of action (MOAs). These efforts led to the characterization of data gaps and research needs for the toxicity and toxicogenomic studies in a risk assessment context. Further, the identification of endpoints with unexplained MOAs in the toxicity data set was useful in the subsequent evaluation of the mechanistic information that the toxicogenomic data set evaluation could provide. The extensive analysis of the toxicology data set within the MOA context provided a resource of information for DBP in attempts to hypothesize MOAs (for endpoints without a well-established MOA) and to phenotypically anchor toxicogenomic and other mechanistic data both to toxicity endpoints and to available toxicogenomic data. This case study serves as an example of the steps that can be taken to develop a toxicological data source for a risk assessment, both in general and especially for risk assessments that include toxicogenomic data.

  6. Potomac State College of West Virginia University Fall Enrollment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    2014 Fall 2014 Fall 2013 # Difference % Change Total Headcount 1,540 1,660 -120 -7.2% Status Full-time 1,235 1,289 -54 -4.2% Part-time 305 371 -66 -17.8% Residency In-State 1,194 1,144 50 4.4% Out-of-State 346 516 -170 -32.9% Gender Male 697 767 -70 -9.1% Female 843 893 -50 -5.6% Level Undergraduate 1,540 1

  7. 10/11/2014 10:39:33 AMLast modified:Top 10 Employer for Staff of Diverse Sexualities and GendersEmployer of Choice for Women Title of Visiting Appointment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    Employer of Choice for Women Title of Visiting Appointment (refer to section 2 of Policy) Project Title (if they will collaborate with Please ensure these documents are submitted to Human Resources (tick boxes to indicate. Is the appointee an Australian citizen? Yes No If no, country of citizenship Title Family Name Given Names Gender

  8. Testing the ‘extreme female brain’ theory of psychosis in adults with autism spectrum disorder with or without co-morbid psychosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Felicity V.; Lai, Meng-Chuan; Wagner, Adam P.; MRC AIMS Consortium; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Holland, Anthony J.

    2015-06-12

    Testing the ‘Extreme Female Brain’ Theory of Psychosis in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder with or without Co-Morbid Psychosis Felicity V. Larson1, Meng-Chuan Lai2,3, Adam P. Wagner1,4, MRC AIMS Consortium¶, Simon Baron-Cohen2,4,5, Anthony J. Holland1... (Cambridge), Peter Jezzard (Oxford), Patrick Johnston (IoP), Derek K. Jones (IoP), Meng-Chuan Lai (Cambridge), Michael V. Lombardo (Cambridge), Anya Madden (IoP), Diane Mullins (IoP), Clodagh M. Murphy (IoP), Declan G. M. Murphy (IoP), Greg Pasco (Cambridge...

  9. The UV-absorber benzophenone-4 alters transcripts of genes involved in hormonal pathways in zebrafish (Danio rerio) eleuthero-embryos and adult males

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zucchi, Sara [University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, School of Life Sciences, Gruendenstrasse 40, CH-4132 Muttenz (Switzerland); Bluethgen, Nancy [University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, School of Life Sciences, Gruendenstrasse 40, CH-4132 Muttenz (Switzerland); University of Basel, Division of Molecular and Systems Toxicology, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Klingelbergstrasse 50, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Ieronimo, Andrea [University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, School of Life Sciences, Gruendenstrasse 40, CH-4132 Muttenz (Switzerland); Fent, Karl, E-mail: karl.fent@fhnw.ch [University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, School of Life Sciences, Gruendenstrasse 40, CH-4132 Muttenz (Switzerland); Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETHZ), Department of Environmental Sciences, CH-8092 Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2011-01-15

    Benzophenone-4 (BP-4) is frequently used as UV-absorber in cosmetics and materials protection. Despite its frequent detection in the aquatic environment potential effects on aquatic life are unknown. In this study, we evaluate the effects of BP-4 in eleuthero-embryos and in the liver, testis and brain of adult male fish on the transcriptional level by focusing on target genes involved in hormonal pathways to provide a more complete toxicological profile of this important UV-absorber. Eleuthero-embryos and males of zebrafish were exposed up to 3 days after hatching and for 14 days, respectively, to BP-4 concentrations between 30 and 3000 {mu}g/L. In eleuthero-embryos transcripts of vtg1, vtg3, esr1, esr2b, hsd17ss3, cyp19b cyp19a, hhex and pax8 were induced at 3000 {mu}g/L BP-4, which points to a low estrogenic activity and interference with early thyroid development, respectively. In adult males BP-4 displayed multiple effects on gene expression in different tissues. In the liver vtg1, vtg3, esr1 and esr2b were down-regulated, while in the brain, vtg1, vtg3 and cyp19b transcripts were up-regulated. In conclusion, the transcription profile revealed that BP-4 interferes with the expression of genes involved in hormonal pathways and steroidogenesis. The effects of BP-4 differ in life stages and adult tissues and point to an estrogenic activity in eleuthero-embryos and adult brain, and an antiestrogenic activity in the liver. The results indicate that BP-4 interferes with the sex hormone system of fish, which is important for the risk assessment of this UV-absorber.

  10. 3rd Survey on the Situation of PhD Students in the Max Planck Society Open from the 25th of May until the 21th of June

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    insurance I don't have such an insurance other insurance G8 Are you male or female? Variables: G8 1 Female 2

  11. International Symposium Women as Visionaries, Healers and Poisoners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Achim

    International Symposium Women as Visionaries, Healers and Poisoners ­ Autonomous Female Religious:45 Dinner SUNDAY 05.05.2013 CONTESTED GENDER AND SOCIAL ROLES: FEMALE HEALERS AND POISONERS 09:30 Anna) -- The gender of the poisoner: containership, analogic kinship and female poisoning lineages (dug rgyud) among

  12. Sequence of the chicken sex chromosomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellott, Daniel Winston

    2010-01-01

    In birds, as in mammals, the chromosome complement determines sex. Male birds are designated ZZ, female ZW. Mammals have the opposite system; males are XY and females XX. Both the avian ZW and mammalian XY pair are believed ...

  13. The contribution of tympanic transmission to fine temporal signal evaluation in an ultrasonic moth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, R. L.; Schul, J.; Cocroft, R. B.; Greenfield, Michael D.

    2005-11-01

    In lesser waxmoths Achroia grisella, pair formation and female mate choice involve very fine discrimination of male ultrasonic signals. Female A. grisella prefer male signals with longer pulses and longer 'asynchrony ...

  14. YEAR

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    34 YEAR 2012 Males 66 Females 68 YEAR 2012 SES 6 NN (Engineering) 15 NQ (ProfTechAdmin) 110 NU (TechAdmin Support) 3 YEAR 2012 American Indian Male 1 American Indian Female 2...

  15. Ploughing behaviour of the babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa) suggests a scent marking function 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leus, Kristin; Bland, K P; Dhondt, A A; Macdonald, Alastair A

    1996-01-01

    A unique form of behaviour, 'ploughing behaviour', was studied in experiments carried out on 13 babirusa, three adult males, two sub-adult males, five adult females and three sub-adult females. Ploughingbehaviour was ...

  16. Genome structure and emerging evidence of an incipient sex chromosome in Populus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin, Tongming [ORNL; DiFazio, Stephen P [West Virginia University; Gunter, Lee E [ORNL; Zhang, Xinye [ORNL; Sewell, Mitchell [ORNL; Woolbright, Dr. Scott [North Arizona University; Allan, Dr. Gery [North Arizona University; Kelleher, Colin [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Douglas, Carl [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Wang, Prof. Mingxiu [Nanjing Forestry University, China; Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL

    2008-01-01

    The genus Populus consists of dioecious woody species with largely unknown genetic mechanisms for gender determination. We have discovered genetic and genomic features in the peritelomeric region of chromosome XIX that suggest this region of the Populus genome is in the process of developing characteristics of a sex chromosome. We have identified a gender-associated locus that consistently maps to this region. Furthermore, comparison of genetic maps across multiple Populus families reveals consistently distorted segregation within this region. We have intensively characterized this region using an F1 interspecific cross involving the female genotype that was used for genome sequencing. This region shows suppressed recombination and high divergence between the alternate haplotypes, as revealed by dense map-based genome assembly using microsatellite markers. The suppressed recombination, distorted segregation, and haplotype divergence were observed only for the maternal parent in this cross. Furthermore, the progeny of this cross showed a strongly male-biased sex ratio, in agreement with Haldane's rule that postulates that the heterogametic sex is more likely to be absent, rare, or sterile in interspecific crosses. Together, these results support the role of chromosome XIX in sex determination and suggest that sex determination in Populus occurs through a ZW system in which the female is the heterogametic gender.

  17. Differential cardiotoxicity in response to chronic doxorubicin treatment in male spontaneous hypertension-heart failure (SHHF), spontaneously hypertensive (SHR), and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharkey, Leslie C.; Radin, M. Judith; Heller, Lois; Rogers, Lynette K.; Tobias, Anthony; Matise, Ilze; Wang, Qi; Apple, Fred S.; McCune, Sylvia A.

    2013-11-15

    Life threatening complications from chemotherapy occur frequently in cancer survivors, however little is known about genetic risk factors. We treated male normotensive rats (WKY) and strains with hypertension (SHR) and hypertension with cardiomyopathy (SHHF) with 8 weekly doses of doxorubicin (DOX) followed by 12 weeks of observation to test the hypothesis that genetic cardiovascular disease would worsen delayed cardiotoxicity. Compared with WKY, SHR demonstrated weight loss, decreased systolic blood pressure, increased kidney weights, greater cardiac and renal histopathologic lesions and greater mortality. SHHF showed growth restriction, increased kidney weights and renal histopathology but no effect on systolic blood pressure or mortality. SHHF had less severe cardiac lesions than SHR. We evaluated cardiac soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) content and arachidonic acid metabolites after acute DOX exposure as potential mediators of genetic risk. Before DOX, SHHF and SHR had significantly greater cardiac sEH and decreased epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) (4 of 4 isomers in SHHF and 2 of 4 isomers in SHR) than WKY. After DOX, sEH was unchanged in all strains, but SHHF and SHR rats increased EETs to a level similar to WKY. Leukotriene D4 increased after treatment in SHR. Genetic predisposition to heart failure superimposed on genetic hypertension failed to generate greater toxicity compared with hypertension alone. The relative resistance of DOX-treated SHHF males to the cardiotoxic effects of DOX in the delayed phase despite progression of genetic disease was unexpected and a key finding. Strain differences in arachidonic acid metabolism may contribute to variation in response to DOX toxicity. - Highlights: • Late doxorubicin toxicity evaluated in normal, hypertensive, and cardiomyopathic rats. • Hypertension enhances the delayed toxicity of doxorubicin. • Genetic predisposition to cardiomyopathy did not further enhance toxicity. • Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids increased in response to doxorubicin in SHR and SHHF. • Altered leukotriene metabolism may contribute greater toxicity in SHR vs. SHHF rats.

  18. Improving in vitro Sertoli cell/gonocyte co-culture model for assessing male reproductive toxicity: Lessons learned from comparisons of cytotoxicity versus genomic responses to phthalates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu Xiaozhong; Hong, Sung Woo; Moreira, Estefania G.; Faustman, Elaine M.

    2009-09-15

    Gonocytes exist in the neonatal testis and represent a transient population of male germ-line stem cells. It has been shown that stem cell self-renewal and progeny production is probably controlled by the neighboring differentiated cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) in vivo known as niches. Recently, we developed an in vitro three-dimensional (3D) Sertoli cell/gonocyte co-culture (SGC) model with ECM overlay, which creates an in vivo-like niche and supports germ-line stem cell functioning within a 3D environment. In this study, we applied morphological and cytotoxicity evaluations, as well as microarray-based gene expression to examine the effects of different phthalate esters (PE) on this model. Known in vivo male developmentally toxic PEs (DTPE) and developmentally non-toxic PEs (DNTPE) were evaluated. We observed that DTPE induced significantly greater dose-dependent morphological changes, a decrease in cell viability and an increase in cytotoxicity compared to those treated with DNTPE. Moreover, the gene expression was more greatly altered by DTPE than by DNTPE and non-supervised cluster analysis allowed the discrimination of DTPE from the DNTPE. Our systems-based GO-Quant analysis showed significant alterations in the gene pathways involved in cell cycle, phosphate transport and apoptosis regulation with DTPE but not with DNTPE treatment. Disruptions of steroidogenesis related-gene expression such as Star, Cyp19a1, Hsd17b8, and Nr4a3 were observed in the DTPE group, but not in the DNTPE group. In summary, our observation on cell viability, cytotoxicity, and microarray-based gene expression analysis induced by PEs demonstrate that our in vitro 3D-SGC system mimicked in vivo responses for PEs and suggests that the 3D-SGC system might be useful in identifying developmental reproductive toxicants.

  19. Spring 10 Spring 11 Spring 12 Spring 13 Overall 20,402 21,091 21,354 20,642

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Memphis, University of

    -time Freshmen Cohorts Female Male Average online 16% on-ground 84% Spring 2013 Credit Hour Generation 0 500 1

  20. The Population Policy Pendulum: Needs to Settle Near the Middle--And Acknowledge the Importance of Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potts, Malcolm

    1999-01-01

    and male and female sterilisation account for 98% of allflirted with coercive sterilisation. In 1984 in Mexico City

  1. The pulmonary response of white and black adults to six concentrations of ozone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seal, E. Jr.; McDonnell, W.F.; House, D.E.; Salaam, S.A.; Dewitt, P.J.; Butler, S.O.; Green, J.; Raggio, L. )

    1993-04-01

    Many early studies of respiratory responsiveness to ozone (O3) were done on healthy, young, white males. The purpose of this study was to determine whether gender or race differences in O3 response exist among white and black, males and females, and to develop concentration-response curves for each of the gender-race groups. Three hundred seventy-two subjects (n > 90 in each gender-race group), ages 18 to 35 yr, were exposed once for 2.33 h to 0.0 (purified air), 0.12, 0.18, 0.24, 0.30, or 0.40 ppm O3. Each exposure was preceded by baseline pulmonary function tests and a symptom questionnaire. The first 2 h of exposure included alternating 15-min periods of rest and exercise on a motorized treadmill producing a minute ventilation (VE) of 25 L/min/m2 body surface area (BSA). After exposure, subjects completed a set of pulmonary function tests and a symptom questionnaire. Lung function and symptom responses were expressed as percent change from baseline and analyzed using a nonparametric two factor analysis of variance. Three primary variables were analyzed: FEV1, specific airway resistance (SRaw), and cough. Statistical analysis demonstrated no significant differences in response to O3 among the individual gender-race groups. For the group as a whole, changes in the variables FEV1, SRaw, and cough were first noted at 0.12, 0.18, and 0.18 ppm O3, respectively. Adjusted for exercise difference, concentration-response curves for FEV1 and cough among white males were consistent with previous reports (1).

  2. Sex ratios, bill deformities, and PCBs in nestling double-crested cormorants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stromborg, K.L. [Fish and Wildlife Service, Green Bay, WI (United States); Sileo, L. [National Biological Service, Madison, WI (United States); Tuinen, P. van [Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Deformed double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) nestlings examined from 1988--1992 had a sex ratio highly skewed toward females (66 of 81) compared to normal nestlings (43 of 80) (P < 0.005). The collection site, Green Bay, WI, is heavily contaminated with PCBs and the possibility of gender alteration was investigated in a designed study by comparing the sex of nestling birds determined using three techniques. These nestlings were collected at five sites, both contaminated and uncontaminated. Genetic sex was determined by cytogenetic techniques and phenotypic sex was determined by macroscopic and histologic examination of gonads. Differences between techniques resulted in a few instances of classifying genetic males as females by one or the other gonadal examinations. Sex ratios of the nestlings from the five sites were compared to binomial distributions assuming equal probabilities of males and females. Sex ratios of normal nestlings were not different from expected regardless of sex determination technique (P > 0.10). Deformed nestlings sexed cytogenetically or histologically did not differ from expected (P > 0.40), but deformed nestlings tended to be classified , macroscopically as females at a higher rate than expected (P = 0.092). The observed sex ratios obtained by macroscopic techniques did not differ between the 1968--1992 observational study and the designed study (P > 0.50). Histologic examination suggested two explanations for the skewed sex ratio: nestlings with undeterminable macroscopic sex usually had testes and, some gonads which grossly resembled ovaries were, in fact, testes. If phenotypic gender alteration is present in these birds, it is more evident at the gross structural level than at the histologic level.

  3. MAPK-ERK activation in kidney of male rats chronically fed ochratoxin A at a dose causing a significant incidence of renal carcinoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marin-Kuan, M. [Nestle Research Center, PO Box 44, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, CH-1000 Lausanne 26 (Switzerland)], E-mail: maricel.marin-kuan@rdls.nestle.com; Nestler, S. [Nephro-Urology Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1E 1EH (United Kingdom); Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Verguet, C.; Bezencon, C.; Piguet, D.; Delatour, T. [Nestle Research Center, PO Box 44, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, CH-1000 Lausanne 26 (Switzerland); Mantle, P. [Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Cavin, C.; Schilter, B. [Nestle Research Center, PO Box 44, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, CH-1000 Lausanne 26 (Switzerland)

    2007-10-15

    Kidney samples of male Fischer 344 (F-344) rats fed a carcinogenic dose of OTA over 7 days, 21 days and 12 months were analysed for various cell signalling proteins known to be potentially involved in chemical carcinogenicity. OTA was found to increase the phosphorylation of atypical-PKC. This was correlated with a selective downstream activation of the MAP-kinase extracellular regulated kinases isoforms 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) and of their substrates ELK1/2 and p90RSK. Moreover, analysis of effectors acting upstream of PKC indicated a possible mobilisation of the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (lGFr) and phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1) system. An increased histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymatic activity associated with enhanced HDAC3 protein expression was also observed. These findings are potentially relevant with respect to the understanding of OTA nephrocarcinogenicity. HDAC-induced gene silencing has previously been shown to play a role in tumour development. Furthermore, PKC and the MEK-ERK MAP-kinase pathways are known to play important roles in cell proliferation, cell survival, anti-apoptotic activity and renal cancer development.

  4. Survivorship Clinic Male Health Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brent, Roger

    radiation to the testicles at doses of 3 to 6 Gy (300 to 600 cGy/rads) or higher will be infertile radiation was given in doses of 20 Gy (2000 cGy/rads) or higher, the Leydig cells may stop functioning in the brain. Brain radiation can result in damage to the pituitary gland, leading to low levels

  5. Jonathan Male | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFinancialInvesting in Minority Banks Investing inLushetsky About

  6. Reactive oxygen species on bone mineral density and mechanics in Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (Sod1) knockout mice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smietana, Michael J. [Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2025 BSRB, 109 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2200 (United States)] [Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2025 BSRB, 109 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2200 (United States); Arruda, Ellen M. [Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2025 BSRB, 109 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2200 (United States) [Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2025 BSRB, 109 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2200 (United States); Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2250 GG Brown, 2350 Hayward, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Program in Macromolecular Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, 2250 GG Brown, 2350 Hayward, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Faulkner, John A.; Brooks, Susan V. [Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2025 BSRB, 109 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2200 (United States) [Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2025 BSRB, 109 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2200 (United States); Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan, 2025 BSRB, 109 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2200 (United States); Larkin, Lisa M., E-mail: llarkin@umich.edu [Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2025 BSRB, 109 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2200 (United States); Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan, 2025 BSRB, 109 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2200 (United States)

    2010-12-03

    Research highlights: {yields} Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are considered to be a factor in the onset of a number of age-associated conditions, including loss of BMD. {yields} Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (Sod1) deficient mice have increased ROS, reduced bone mineral density, decreased bending stiffness, and decreased strength compared to WT controls. {yields} Increased ROS caused by the deficiency of Sod1, may be responsible for the changes in BMD and bone mechanics and therefore represent an appropriate model for studying mechanisms of age-associated bone loss. -- Abstract: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a role in a number of degenerative conditions including osteoporosis. Mice deficient in Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (Sod1) (Sod1{sup -/-} mice) have elevated oxidative stress and decreased muscle mass and strength compared to wild-type mice (WT) and appear to have an accelerated muscular aging phenotype. Thus, Sod1{sup -/-} mice may be a good model for evaluating the effects of free radical generation on diseases associated with aging. In this experiment, we tested the hypothesis that the structural integrity of bone as measured by bending stiffness (EI; N/mm{sup 2}) and strength (MPa) is diminished in Sod1{sup -/-} compared to WT mice. Femurs were obtained from male and female WT and Sod1{sup -/-} mice at 8 months of age and three-point bending tests were used to determine bending stiffness and strength. Bones were also analyzed for bone mineral density (BMD; mg/cc) using micro-computed tomography. Femurs were approximately equal in length across all groups, and there were no significant differences in BMD or EI with respect to gender in either genotype. Although male and female mice demonstrated similar properties within each genotype, Sod1{sup -/-} mice exhibited lower BMD and EI of femurs from both males and females compared with gender matched WT mice. Strength of femurs was also lower in Sod1{sup -/-} mice compared to WT as well as between genders. These data indicate that increased oxidative stress, due to the deficiency of Sod1 is associated with decreased bone stiffness and strength and Sod1{sup -/-} mice may represent an appropriate model for studying disease processes in aging bone.

  7. A UNITED STATES OEPARTMENI Of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that were older than pups Living adult male seals counted Reproductive condition of female seals Living pups seals Quantitative comparisons for 3- and 4-year-old male seals Forecast of the kill of 4-year-old male seals Regression of the kill of 4-year-old male seals on the kill of 3-year-old male seals and the mean

  8. Place Last Name First Name Gender Age Category Swim Yards Swim Distance Bike Distance Run Distance Overall Distance 1 Dykstra Andy M 18-24 1775.0 yards 1.009 miles 15.600 miles 3.790 miles 20.399 miles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Place Last Name First Name Gender Age Category Swim Yards Swim Distance Bike Distance Run Distance.597 miles 12.300 miles 2.230 miles 15.127 miles 20 Strom Thad M 30-39 1150.0 yards 0.653 miles 12.000 miles

  9. Life history studies on a newly-colonized strain of Psorophora columbiae (Diptera: Culicidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradley, Lisa Anne

    1990-01-01

    . Approximately 30% of the females remained unmated after being caged with males for 17 days. Biting experiments showed that most mosquitoes fed on blood between 19 and 24 h after emergence. The average blood meal was 7. 0 mg per female. Eggs required about 3... days after the blood meal to reach maturity. No evidence of autogenous reproduction was detected in the colony females. Females lived twice as long as males. Maximum longevity of females was 42 days. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Special thanks is extended...

  10. High power connection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Christopher E. (Warren, OH); Beer, Robert C. (Noblesville, IN); McCall, Mark D. (Youngstown, OH)

    2000-01-01

    A high power connection system adapted for automotive environments which provides environmental and EMI shielding includes a female connector, a male connector, and a panel mount. The female connector includes a female connector base and a snap fitted female connector cover. The male connector includes a male connector base and a snap fitted male connector cover. The female connector base has at least one female power terminal cavity for seatably receiving a respective female power terminal. The male connector base has at least one male power terminal cavity for seatably receiving a respective male power terminal. The female connector is covered by a cover seal and a conductive shroud. A pair of lock arms protrude outward from the front end of the male connector base, pass through the panel mount and interface with a lever of a lever rotatably connected to the shroud to thereby mechanically assist mating of the male and female connectors. Safety terminals in the male and female connectors provide a last-to-connect-first-to-break connection with an HVIL circuit.

  11. Developmental Cell, Vol. 6, 791800, June, 2004, Copyright 2004 by Cell Press Major Molecular Differences between Mammalian Sexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the adult male andSummary female transcriptomes. The hypothalamus, kidney, liver, and reproductive tissues of behavior (hypothalamus), physi-females; these are manifested on a molecular level ology (kidney and liver observed in the adult male and female hypothalamus.and liver. The differentially expressed genes are in

  12. Evaluating sustainability of endangered species via simulation: a case study of the Attwater's prairie chicken (Tympanuchus cupido attwateri) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Defex Cuervo, Tulia Ines

    2009-05-15

    estimates (SE) were 0.76 (0.03) for females and 0.82 (0.04) for males. Approximately 50% of the females and 33% of the males died within the first 60 days post-release. Survivorship during the breeding season showed that male survival (0.36) was higher than...

  13. Pathways, Networks and Systems Medicine Conferences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nadeau, Joseph H.

    2013-11-25

    The 6th Pathways, Networks and Systems Medicine Conference was held at the Minoa Palace Conference Center, Chania, Crete, Greece (16-21 June 2008). The Organizing Committee was composed of Joe Nadeau (CWRU, Cleveland), Rudi Balling (German Research Centre, Brauschweig), David Galas (Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle), Lee Hood (Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle), Diane Isonaka (Seattle), Fotis Kafatos (Imperial College, London), John Lambris (Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia),Harris Lewin (Univ. of Indiana, Urbana-Champaign), Edison Liu (Genome Institute of Singapore, Singapore), and Shankar Subramaniam (Univ. California, San Diego). A total of 101 individuals from 21 countries participated in the conference: USA (48), Canada (5), France (5), Austria (4), Germany (3), Italy (3), UK (3), Greece (2), New Zealand (2), Singapore (2), Argentina (1), Australia (1), Cuba (1), Denmark (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), Netherlands (1), Spain (1), Sweden (1), Switzerland (1). With respect to speakers, 29 were established faculty members and 13 were graduate students or postdoctoral fellows. With respect to gender representation, among speakers, 13 were female and 28 were male, and among all participants 43 were female and 58 were male. Program these included the following topics: Cancer Pathways and Networks (Day 1), Metabolic Disease Networks (Day 2), Day 3 ? Organs, Pathways and Stem Cells (Day 3), and Day 4 ? Inflammation, Immunity, Microbes and the Environment (Day 4). Proceedings of the Conference were not published.

  14. Analysis of Gulf of Mexico marine mammals for organochlorine pesticides and PCBs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salata, Gregory Glen

    1993-01-01

    925f . 16 Distribution of a) QCL3 through QCL7 and b) QCL8 through QCL10 for all immature and mature females. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Comparison of a) QCL5 through QCL8 and b) QCL9 through XCL10 for all immature and mature males...261 C607-GA232 C740-GA278 C885-GA315 C681-PO070 FL9014 Gender F M F M F F F F F F M M M M F F F F F' F F M F M M e gears) 0&1 0&1 0&1 0&1 0&1 0&1 1 0&1 2 3 3 3 4 7 18 17 22 10 23 22 17 15 26 33...

  15. Subsurface drill string

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Casper, William L. (Rigby, ID); Clark, Don T. (Idaho Falls, ID); Grover, Blair K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mathewson, Rodney O. (Idaho Falls, ID); Seymour, Craig A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2008-10-07

    A drill string comprises a first drill string member having a male end; and a second drill string member having a female end configured to be joined to the male end of the first drill string member, the male end having a threaded portion including generally square threads, the male end having a non-threaded extension portion coaxial with the threaded portion, and the male end further having a bearing surface, the female end having a female threaded portion having corresponding female threads, the female end having a non-threaded extension portion coaxial with the female threaded portion, and the female end having a bearing surface. Installation methods, including methods of installing instrumented probes are also provided.

  16. Insertion tube methods and apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Casper, William L.; Clark, Don T.; Grover, Blair K.; Mathewson, Rodney O.; Seymour, Craig A.

    2007-02-20

    A drill string comprises a first drill string member having a male end; and a second drill string member having a female end configured to be joined to the male end of the first drill string member, the male end having a threaded portion including generally square threads, the male end having a non-threaded extension portion coaxial with the threaded portion, and the male end further having a bearing surface, the female end having a female threaded portion having corresponding female threads, the female end having a non-threaded extension portion coaxial with the female threaded portion, and the female end having a bearing surface. Installation methods, including methods of installing instrumented probes are also provided.

  17. Equity.doc 1. Equity Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Table 4. Undergraduate Honours Honors Female % Male % Minority % Total 2nd Year 7 35% 13 75% 3 15% 20 3. Undergraduate Majors Majors Female % Male % Minority % Total 2nd Year 5 22% 18 78% 2 9% 23 3rd Year 19 46% 22 54 Majors. EOS Majors Female % Male % Minority % Total 2nd Year 3 20% 12 80% 1 7% 15 3rd Year 14 48% 15 52

  18. Biology of Aprostocetus Hagenowii (Ratzeburg), a parasitoid of cockroaches, and insect community composition in an interiorscape 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Elizabrth N.M

    1999-01-01

    of offspring given different . . . 15 parental numbers of A. hag enowii (I: 1 ratio) . . . . . 19 LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page Adult and immature insects trapped in the rainforest pyramid at Moody Gardens for nine weeks. . . . . 16 Outcome of oothecae used... & Frankie 1975). Fig. 4. Male Aprostocetus hag enowii. The wasps mate almost immediately after emerging from the oothecae with the males actively seeking out the females (Cameron 1955). After finding the female, the male will grasp the female's antennae...

  19. Hybrid Zones: Representations of Race in Late Nineteenth-Century French Visual Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stringer, Rozanne McGrew

    2011-04-26

    In this study, I examine images of the black female and black male body and the female Spanish Gypsy by four artists ??_?? Edgar Degas, ?_??douard Manet, Fr?_??d?_??ric Bazille, and Henri de Toulouse??_???Lautrec ??_?? ...

  20. Monotherapy versus Dual Therapy for the Initial Tre atment of Hypertension (PATHWAY-1): A Randomised Double-Blind Controlled Trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Thomas M.; Williams, Bryan; Caulfield, Mark; Cruickshank, J. Kennedy; McInnes, Gordon; Sever, Peter; Webb, David J.; Mackenzie, Isla S.; Salsbury, Jackie; Morant, Steve; Ford, Ian; Brown, Morris J.

    2015-01-01

    For peer review only 4. Male subjects or female subjects taking adequate contraception such as the oral contraceptive pill, an intra uterine device or who are surgically sterilised or postmenopausal females. Exclusion criteria are shown in Box 1...