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1

Emission of forward neutrons by 158A GeV indium nuclei in collisions with Al, Cu, Sn and Pb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cross sections of forward emission of one, two and three neutrons by 158A GeV 115In nuclei in collisions with Al, Cu, Sn and Pb targets are reported. The measurements were performed in the framework of the ALICE-LUMI experiment at the SPS facility at CERN. Various corrections accounting for the absorption of beam nuclei and produced neutrons in target material and surrounding air were introduced. The corrected cross section data are compared with the predictions of the RELDIS model for electromagnetic fragmentation of 115In in ultraperipheral collisions, as well as with the results of the abrasion-ablation model for neutron emission in hadronic interactions. The measured neutron emission cross sections well agree with the RELDIS results, with the exception of In-Al collisions where the measured cross sections are larger compared to RELDIS. This is attributed to a relatively large contribution of hadronic fragmentation of In on Al target with respect to electromagnetic fragmentation, on the contrary to similar measurements performed earlier with 30A GeV 208Pb colliding with Al.

E. V. Karpechev; I. A. Pshenichnov; T. L. Karavicheva; A. B. Kurepin; M. B. Golubeva; F. F. Guber; A. I. Maevskaia; A. I. Reshetin; V. V. Tiflov; N. S. Topilskaya; P. Cortese; G. Dellacasa; R. Arnaldi; N. DeMarco; A. Ferretti; M. Gallio; A. Musso; C. Oppedisano; A. Piccotti; E. Scomparin; E. Vercellin; C. Cicalo; G. Puddu; E. Siddi; P. Szymanski; I. Efthymiopoulos

2013-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

2

Growth and Characterization of Ge 1-x Sn x Layers for High Mobility ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tensile-strained Ge and GeSn layers are attractive for high mobility channel materials of future CMOS devices, because both electron and hole mobilities of...

3

Pb-free Sn-Ag-Cu ternary eutectic solder  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Pb-free solder includes a ternary eutectic composition consisting essentially of about 93.6 weight % Sn-about 4.7 weight % Ag-about 1.7 weight % Cu having a eutectic melting temperature of about 217.degree. C. and variants of the ternary composition wherein the relative concentrations of Sn, Ag, and Cu deviate from the ternary eutectic composition to provide a controlled melting temperature range (liquid-solid "mushy" zone) relative to the eutectic melting temperature (e.g. up to 15.degree. C. above the eutectic melting temperature).

Anderson, Iver E. (Ames, IA); Yost, Frederick G. (Cedar Crest, NM); Smith, John F. (Ames, IA); Miller, Chad M. (Ames, IA); Terpstra, Robert L. (Ames, IA)

1996-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

4

Development of a new Pb-free solder: Sn-Ag-Cu  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the ever increasing awareness of the toxicity of Pb, significant pressure has been put on the electronics industry to get the Pb out of solder. This work pertains to the development and characterization of an alloy which is Pb-free, yet retains the proven positive qualities of current Sn-Pb solders while enhancing the shortcomings of Sn-Pb solder. The solder studied is the Sn-4.7Ag-1.7Cu wt% alloy. By utilizing a variety of experimental techniques the alloy was characterized. The alloy has a melting temperature of 217{degrees}C and exhibits eutectic melting behavior. The solder was examined by subjecting to different annealing schedules and examining the microstructural stability. The effect of cooling rate on the microstructure of the solder was also examined. Overall, this solder alloy shows great promise as a viable alternative to Pb-bearing solders and, as such, an application for a patent has been filed.

Miller, C.M.

1995-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

5

Pb-free Sn-Ag-Cu ternary eutectic solder - Energy ...  

A Pb-free solder includes a ternary eutectic composition consisting essentially of about 93.6 weight % Sn-about 4.7 weight % Ag-about 1.7 weight % Cu ...

6

{Xi} ({Omega}) production in Pb + Pb collisions at 158 GeV/c  

SciTech Connect

Using the NA49 main TPC, the central production of ({Xi} + {bar {Xi}}) hyperons has been measured in CERN SPS Pb on Pb collisions at 158 GeV/c. The preliminary ({Xi} + {bar {Xi}})/ ({Lambda} + {bar {Lambda}}) ratio, studied at 2.0 < y < 2.6 and 1 < p{sub T} < 3 GeV/c, equals {approximately} (13 {+-} 4)% (systematic error only). It is compatible, within errors, with the previously obtained ratios for central S+S, S+W, and S+Au collisions. The fit to the transferse momentum distribution resulted in an inverse slope parameter T of 297 MeV. At this level of statistics we do not see any noticeable enhancement of hyperon production with the increased volume (and, possibly, degree of equilibration) of the system from S+S to Pb+Pb. This result is unexpected and counterintuitive, and should be further investigated. If confirmed, it will have a significant impact on our understanding of mechanisms leading to the enhanced strangeness production in heavy ion collisions.

Odyniec, G.; Cooper, G.E.; Jacobs, P. [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Effects of electromigration on microstructural evolution of eutectic SnPb flip chip solder bumps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flip chip solder bump was investigated in situ with current stressing in an ambient temperature of 423K. For the in situ investigation of the solder joints, a single flip chip package was examined during whole investigation time. Cross-sectional ... Keywords: Electromigration, Flip chip, Reliability, Sn-37Pb

Dae-Gon Kim; Won-Chul Moon; Seung-Boo Jung

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Fragmentation studies of 158 A GeV Pb ions using CR39 nuclear track detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Six stacks of CR39 nuclear track detectors with different targets were exposed to a lead ion beam of 158 A GeV at the CERN-SPS, at normal incidence, in order to study the fragmentation properties of ultra-relativistic lead nuclei. Measurements of the total, break-up and pick-up charge-changing cross sections of 158 A GeV Pb ions have been made for the first time.

Dekhissi, H; Giorgini, M; Mandrioli, G; Manzoor, S; Patrizii, L; Popa, V; Serra, P; Togo, V

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Spontaneous Domain Switching during Phase Separation of Pb on Ge(111) and S. Chiang1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spontaneous Domain Switching during Phase Separation of Pb on Ge(111) Y. Sato1,2 and S. Chiang1 1, and S. Chiang, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 96, 215 (2002). [13] Y. Sato and S. Chiang (to be published). [14] See

Chiang, Shirley

10

Alkaline earth lead and tin compounds Ae2Pb, Ae2Sn, Ae=Ca,Sr,Ba, as thermoelectric materials  

SciTech Connect

We present a detailed theoretical study of three alkaline earth compounds Ca2Pb, Sr2Pb and Ba2Pb, which have undergone little previous study, calculating electronic band structures and Boltzmann transport and bulk moduli using density functional theory. We also study the corresponding tin compounds Ca2 Sn, Sr2 Sn and Ba2 Sn. We find that these are all narrow band gap semiconductors with an electronic structure favorable for thermoelectric performance, with substantial thermopowers for the lead compounds at temperature ranges from 300 to 800 K. For the lead compounds, we further find very low calculated bulk moduli - roughly half of the values for the lead chalcogenides, suggestive of soft phonons and hence low lattice thermal conductivity. All these facts indicate that these materials merit experimental investigation as potential high performance thermoelectrics. We find good potential for thermoelectric performance in the environmentally friendly stannide materials, particularly at high temperature.

Parker, David S [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Energy dependence of transverse momentum fluctuations in Pb[plus]Pb collisions at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) at 20A to 158A GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results are presented on event-by-event fluctuations of transverse momenta pT in central Pb[plus]Pb interactions at 20A, 30A, 40A, 80A, and 158A GeV. The analysis was performed for charged particles at forward center-of-mass ...

Veres, Gabor

12

Cubic Form of Pb[subscript 2?x]Sn[subscript x]S[subscript 2] Stabilized through Size Reduction to the Nanoscale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate the synthesis of semiconductor Pb{sub 2-x}Sn{sub x}S{sub 2} nanocrystals with a cubic rock salt crystal structure in a composition range where this structure is unstable in the bulk. The cubic Pb{sub 2-x}Sn{sub x}S{sub 2} nanocrystals were prepared using a modified hot injection colloidal synthetic route. The x value is in the range 0.40 SnS phase diagram where no single phase exists, and despite the fact that PbSnS{sub 2} is a distorted orthorhombic phase, the Pb{sub 2-x}Sn{sub x}S{sub 2} nanocrystals are single phase solid solutions with cubic NaCl-type structure. Experimental evidence for this derives from powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), electron diffraction, and pair distribution function (PDF) analysis. Elemental compositions determined using scanning transmission electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy (STEM/EDS), inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) reveal a composition close to the nominal ones. The band gaps of the Pb{sub 2-x}Sn{sub x}S{sub 2} nanocrystals (0.52-0.57 eV) are blue-shifted by quantum confinement relative to that of the hypothetical cubic PbSnS2 phase which density functional theory (DFT) calculations show to be much narrower (0.2 eV) than in the case of orthorhombic PbSnS{sub 2} (1.1 eV). The Pb{sub 2-x}Sn{sub x}S{sub 2} nanocrystals exhibit a well-defined band gap in the near-IR region and are stable up to 300 C above which they phase separate into cubic PbS and orthorhombic {alpha}-SnS.

Soriano, Ronald B.; Malliakas, Christos D.; Wu, Jinsong; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. (NWU)

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

13

Optimization of annealing conditions for controlling composition of (Pb{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}){sub 1-{delta}}Te{sub 1+{delta}} crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One common way of controlling the composition of semiconductor materials is by two- or three-zone annealing. Compared to doping during growth, such anneals ensure more uniform distribution of impurities and better reproducibility of galvanomagnetic and photoelectric properties. For (A{sub 1{minus}x}B{sub x}){sub 1{minus}{delta}}C{sub 1+{delta}} chalcogenide solid solutions, the A/B ratio can be controlled by introducing an additional source of B or A, whereas off-stoichiometry {Delta} can be varied using a source of chalcocren C. The purpose of this work was to optimize the conditions for preparing homogeneous crystals of (Pb{sub 1{minus}}x Ge{sub x}){sub 1{minus}{delta}}Te{sub 1+{delta}} (0Pb{sub 0.93}Sn{sub 0.07}{sub 1{minus}{delta}} solid solution showed that, under conditions commonly used for annealing IV-VI materials, mass transport to the cold zone is insignificant. This information is, however, insufficient for choosing optimal process parameters since the minimum annealing time remains to be determined. In this work, we calculated the optimal annealing parameters for preparing homogeneous crystals of Pb{sub 1{minus}x}Ge{sub x}Te (O < x <{le}0.05). In calculations we used kinetic equations describing mass transport in the solid and vapor phases and the measured temperature dependence of the diffusion coefficient for germanium in PbTe.

Yahsina, L.V.; Bobruiko, V.B.; Zlomanov, V.P. [Moscow State Univ. (Russian Federation)] [and others

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

In search of high performance anode materials for Mg batteries: computational studies of Mg in Ge, Si, and Sn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present ab initio studies of structures, energetics, and diffusion properties of Mg in Si, Ge, and Sn diamond structures to evaluate their potential as insertion type anode materials for Mg batteries. We show that Si could provide the highest specific capacities (3817 mAh g-1) and the lowest average insertion voltage (~0.15 eV vs. Mg) for Mg storage. Nevertheless, due to its significant percent lattice expansion (~216%) and slow Mg diffusion, Sn and Ge are more attractive; both anodes have lower lattice expansions (~120 % and ~178 %, respectively) and diffusion barriers (~0.50 and ~0.70 eV, respectively for single-Mg diffusion) than Si. We show that Mg-Mg interactions at different stages of charging can decrease significantly the diffusion barrier compared to the single atom diffusion, by up to 0.55 eV.

Malyi, Oleksandr I; Manzhos, Sergei; 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.01.114

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Photon and Eta Production in p+Pb and p+C Collisions at sqrt{sNN} = 17.4 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of direct photon production in p+Pb and p+C collisions at $\\sqrt{s_\\mathrm{NN}} = 17.4\\mathrm{GeV}$ are presented. Upper limits on the direct photon yield as a function of $p_\\mathrm{T}$ are derived and compared to the results for Pb+Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_\\mathrm{NN}} = 17.3$ GeV. The production of the $\\eta$ meson, which is an important input to the direct photon signal extraction, has been determined in the $\\eta \\rightarrow 2\\gamma$ channel for p+C collisions at $\\sqrt{s_\\mathrm{NN}} = 17.4\\mathrm{GeV}$.

WA98 Collaboration

2011-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

16

Search for direct photons in p+Pb and p+C collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 17.4 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Upper limits on direct photon production were determined as a function of the transverse momentum for 0.7 direct photon measurements in Pb+Pb collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 17.3 GeV by WA98. Implications for a possible thermal direct photon contribution are discussed.

Christoph Baumann; for the WA98 collaboration

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

17

Coarsening of the Sn-Pb Solder Microstructure in Constitutive Model-Based Predictions of Solder Joint Thermal Mechanical Fatigue  

SciTech Connect

Thermal mechanical fatigue (TMF) is an important damage mechanism for solder joints exposed to cyclic temperature environments. Predicting the service reliability of solder joints exposed to such conditions requires two knowledge bases: first, the extent of fatigue damage incurred by the solder microstructure leading up to fatigue crack initiation, must be quantified in both time and space domains. Secondly, fatigue crack initiation and growth must be predicted since this metric determines, explicitly, the loss of solder joint functionality as it pertains to its mechanical fastening as well as electrical continuity roles. This paper will describe recent progress in a research effort to establish a microstructurally-based, constitutive model that predicts TMF deformation to 63Sn-37Pb solder in electronic solder joints up to the crack initiation step. The model is implemented using a finite element setting; therefore, the effects of both global and local thermal expansion mismatch conditions in the joint that would arise from temperature cycling.

Vianco, P.T.; Burchett, S.N.; Neilsen, M.K.; Rejent, J.A.; Frear, D.R.

1999-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

18

SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} - two new Ae-Zn-Sn polar intermetallic compounds (Ae: alkaline earth metal)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}, two closely related new polar intermetallic compounds, were obtained by high temperature reactions of the elements. Their crystal structures were determined with single crystal XRD methods, and their electronic structures were analyzed by means of DFT calculations. The Zn-Sn structure part of SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} comprises (anti-)PbO-like {l_brace}ZnSn{sub 4/4}{r_brace} and {l_brace}SnZn{sub 4/4}{r_brace} layers. Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} shows similar {l_brace}ZnSn{sub 4/4}{r_brace} layers and {l_brace}Sn{sub 4}Zn{r_brace} slabs constructed of a covalently bonded Sn scaffold capped by Zn atoms. For both phases, the two types of layers are alternatingly stacked and interconnected via Zn-Sn bonds. SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} adopts the SrPd{sub 2}Bi{sub 2} structure type, and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} is isotypic to the R{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Ge{sub 6} compounds (R=La, Ce, Pr, Nd). Band structure calculations indicate that both SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} are metallic. Analyses of the chemical bonding with the electron localization function (ELF) show lone pair like basins at Sn atoms and Zn-Sn bonding interactions between the layers for both title phases, and covalent Sn-Sn bonding within the {l_brace}Sn{sub 4}Zn{r_brace} layers of Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}. - Graphical abstract: Crystal structures of the new Ae-Zn-Sn polar intermetallic phases SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New polar intermetallic phases SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Obtained by high temperature reactions of the elements. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Single crystal XRD structure determination and DFT electronic structure calculations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Closely related crystal and electronic structures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Metallic conductivity coexisting with lone pairs and covalent bonding features.

Stegmaier, Saskia [Department Chemie, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747 Garching (Germany); Faessler, Thomas F., E-mail: Thomas.Faessler@lrz.tum.de [Department Chemie, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747 Garching (Germany)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Process for production of solution-derived (Pb,La)(Nb,Sn,Zr,Ti)O.sub.3 thin films and powders  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and rapid process for synthesizing (Pb,La)(Nb,Sn,Zr,Ti)O.sub.3 precursor solutions and subsequent ferroelectric thin films and powders of the perovskite phase of these materials has been developed. This process offers advantages over standard methods, including: rapid solution synthesis (<10 minutes), use of commercially available materials, film production under ambient conditions, ease of lanthanum dissolution at high concentrations, and no heating requirements during solution synthesis. For lanthanum-doped ferroelectric materials, the lanthanum source can be added with total synthesis time less than 10 minutes. Films and powders are crystallized at approximately 650.degree. C. and exhibit ferroelectric properties comparable to films and powders produced by other techniques which require higher crystallization temperatures.

Boyle, Timothy J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Process for production of solution-derived (Pb,La)(Nb,Sn,Zr,Ti)O{sub 3} thin films and powders  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and rapid process for synthesizing (Pb,La)(Nb,Sn,Zr,Ti)O{sub 3} precursor solutions and subsequent ferroelectric thin films and powders of the perovskite phase of these materials has been developed. This process offers advantages over standard methods, including: rapid solution synthesis (<10 minutes), use of commercially available materials, film production under ambient conditions, ease of lanthanum dissolution at high concentrations, and no heating requirements during solution synthesis. For lanthanum-doped ferroelectric materials, the lanthanum source can be added with total synthesis time less than 10 minutes. Films and powders are crystallized at approximately 650 C and exhibit ferroelectric properties comparable to films and powders produced by other techniques which require higher crystallization temperatures. 2 figs.

Boyle, T.J.

1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Phase stability, electrochemical stability and ionic conductivity of the Li[subscript 101]MP[subscript 2]X[subscript 12] (M = Ge, Si, Sn, Al or P, and X = O, S or Se) family of superionic conductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an investigation of the phase stability, electrochemical stability and Li[superscript +] conductivity of the Li[subscript 101]MP[subscript 2]X[subscript 12] (M = Ge, Si, Sn, Al or P, and X = O, S or Se) family ...

Ong, Shyue Ping

22

Heavy fragment production cross sections from 1.05 GeV/nucleon{sup 56}Fe in C, Al, Cu, Pb and CH{sub 2} targets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have obtained charge-changing cross sections and partial cross sections for fragmentation of 1.05 GeV/nucleon Fe projectiles incident on H, C, Al, Cu, and Pb nuclei. The energy region covered by this experiment is critical for an understanding of galactic cosmic ray propagation and space radiation biophysics. Surviving primary beam particles and fragments with charges from 12 to 25 produced within a forward cone of half-angle 61 milliradians were detected using a silicon detector telescope to identify their charge, and the cross sections were calculated after correction of the measured yields for finite target thickness effects. The cross sections are compared to model calculations and to previous measurements. Cross sections for the production of fragments with even-numbered nuclear charges are seen to be enhanced in almost all cases.

Zeitlin, C.; Heilbronn, L.; Miller, J.; Rademacher, S.; Borak,T.; Carter, T.; Frankel, K.; Schimmerling, W.; Stronach, C.

1997-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

23

High-energy threshold reaction rates on 0.8 GeV proton-irradiated thick Pb-target  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This works presents results of activation-aided determination of threshold reaction rates in 92 209Bi, natPb, 197Au, 181Ta, 169Tm, natIn, 93Nb, 64Zn, 65Cu, 63Cu, 59Co, 19F, and 12C samples and in 121 27Al samples. All the samples were aligned with the proton beam axis inside and outside the demountable 92-cm thick Pb target of 15-cm diameter assembled of 23 4-cm thick discs. The samples were placed on 12 target disks to reproduce the long axis distribution of protons and neutrons. In June 2006, the target was exposed for 18 hours to a 800-MeV proton beam extracted from the ITEP U-10 accelerator. The proton fluence and the proton beam shape were determined using the 27Al(p,x)7Be monitor reaction. The reaction rates were determined by the direct gamma-spectrometry techniques. In total, 1196 gamma-spectra have been measured, and about 1500 reaction rates determined. The measured reaction rates were simulated by the MCNPX code using the following databases: ENDF/B6 for neutrons below 20 MeV, MENDL2 for 20-100 MeV neutrons, and MENDL2P for proton cross sections up to 200 MeV. An acceptable agreement of simulations with experimental data has been found.

Yu. E. Titarenko; V. F. Batyaev; A. Yu. Titarenko; M. A. Butko; K. V. Pavlov; R. S. Tikhonov; S. N. Florya; S. G. Mashnik; W. Gudowski

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

24

Conventional and Stuffed Bergman-Type Phases in the Na-Au-T (T=Ga, Ge, Sn) Systems: Synthesis, Structures, Coloring of Cluster Centers, and Fermi Sphere - Brillouin Zone Interactions  

SciTech Connect

Bergman-type phases in the Na?Au?T (T = Ga, Ge, and Sn) systems were synthesized by solid-state means and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Two structurally related (1/1) Bergman phases were found in the Na? Au?Ga system: (a) a conventional Bergman-type (CB) structure, Na26AuxGa54?x, which features empty innermost icosahedra, as refined with x = 18.1 (3), Im3?, a = 14.512(2) , and Z = 2; (b) a stuffed Bergman-type (SB) structure, Na26AuyGa55?y, which contains Gacentered innermost icosahedra, as refined with y = 36.0 (1), Im3?, a = 14.597(2) , and Z = 2. Although these two subtypes have considerable phase widths along with respective tie lines at Na ? 32.5 and 32.1 atom %, they do not merge into a continuous solid solution. Rather, a quasicrystalline phase close to the Au-poor CB phase and an orthorhombic derivative near the Au-rich SB phase lie between them. In contrast, only Au-rich SB phases exist in the Ge and Sn systems, in which the innermost icosahedra are centered by Au rather than Ge or Sn. These were refined for Na26Au40.93(5)Ge14.07(5) (Im3?, a = 14.581(2) , and Z = 2) and Na26Au39.83(6)Sn15.17(6) (Im3?, a = 15.009(2) , and Z = 2), respectively. Occupations of the centers of Bergman clusters are rare. Such centering and coloring correlate with the sizes of the neighboring icosahedra, the size ratios between electropositive and electronegative components, and the values of the average valence electron count per atom (e/a). Theoretical calculations revealed that all of these phases are Hume?Rothery phases, with evident pseudogaps in the density of states curves that arise from the interactions between Fermi surface and Brillouin zone boundaries corresponding to a strong diffraction intensity.

Lin, Qisheng; Smetana, Volodymur; Miller, Gordon J.; Corbett, John D

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

25

Effect of Plastic Deformation on Sn Whisker Growth in Electroplated ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Pb-free Solders and Emerging Interconnect and Packaging Technologies. Presentation Title, Effect of Plastic Deformation on Sn Whisker Growth in...

26

Pb-free Solders and Advanced Interconnecting Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Pb-free solders and interconnects for automotive and power electronics ... and Orientation Evolution in Sn-Ag-Cu Solder Joints in Ball Grid Array Packages.

27

2D and 3D Numerical Modeling of Solidification Benchmark of Sn-3 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The benchmark experiment consists in solidifying a rectangular ingot of Sn-3% wt . Pb alloys, by using two lateral heat exchangers which allow extracting heat...

28

Wave soldering with Pb-free solders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The manufacturing feasibility and attachment reliability of a series of newly developed lead-free solders were investigated for wave soldering applications. Some of the key assembly aspects addressed included: wettability as a function of board surface finish, flux activation and surface tension of the molten solder, solder joint fillet quality and optimization of soldering thermal profiles. Generally, all new solder formulations exhibited adequate wave soldering performance and can be considered as possible alternatives to eutectic SnPb for wave soldering applications. Further process optimization and flux development is necessary to achieve the defect levels associated with the conventional SnPb process.

Artaki, I.; Finley, D.W.; Jackson, A.M.; Ray, U. [AT and T Bell Labs., Princeton, NJ (United States); Vianco, P.T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

HD1: Design and Fabrication of a 16 Tesla Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Fabrication of a 16 Tesla Nb 3 Sn Dipole Magnet A .R.ge nerating fields above 16 Tesla in practical acceleratordesign fields above 10 Tesla. In a series of magnet tests,

Hafalia, A.R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Beta Decay of the Proton-Rich Nuclei 102Sn and 104Sn  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The {beta} decays of {sup 102}Sn and {sup 104}Sn were studied by using high-resolution germanium detectors as well as a Total Absorption Spectrometer (TAS). For {sup 104}Sn, with three new {beta}-delayed {gamma}-rays identified, the total Gamow-Teller strength (BGT) value of 2.7(3) was obtained. For {sup 102}Sn, the {gamma}-{gamma} coincidence data were collected for the first time, allowing us to considerably extend the decay scheme. This scheme was used to unfold the TAS data and to deduce a BGT value of 4.2(8) for this decay. This result is compared to shell model predictions, yielding a hindrance factor of 3.6(7) in agreement with those obtained previously for {sup 98}Cd and {sup 100}In. Together with the latter two, {sup 102}Sn completes the triplet of Z {le} 50, N {ge} 50 nuclei with two proton holes, one proton hole and one neutron particle, and two neutron particles with respect to the doubly magic {sup 100}Sn core.

Karny, M. [University of Warsaw; Batist, L. [St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute; Banu, A. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Becker, F. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Blazhev, A. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Brown, B. A. [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Bruchle, W. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Doring, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Faestermann, T. [Technische Universitat Munchen; Gorska, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Grawe, H. [GSI-Hemholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany; Janas, Z. [University of Warsaw; Jungclaus, A. [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid; Kavatsyuk, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kavatsyuk, O. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kirchner, R. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; La Commara, M. [Universita Federico II and INFN Napoli; Mandal, S. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Mazzocchi, C. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Miernik, K. [University of Warsaw; Mukha, I. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Muralithar, S. [University of Warsaw; Plettner, C. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Plochocki, A. [University of Warsaw; Roeckl, E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Romoli, M. [Universita Federico II and INFN Napoli; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr [ORNL; Schadel, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Schmidt, K. [University of Warsaw; Schwengner, R. [University of Warsaw; Zylicz, J. [University of Warsaw

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Solderability of environmentally exposed Sn-plated surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solderability of Class II environmentally exposed Ni-Sn plated Cu substrates was evaluated with 60Sn-40Pb solder. Tin thickness were 10, 50, and 150 {mu}in. The 10 {mu}in. plating gave the smallest solder meniscus rise. A general decrease in contact angle, or increase in wettability, was observed with increasing Sn plating. The environmental exposures retarded the wetting rate and increased the time to maximum wetting, particularly with only 10 {mu}in. of Sn. Although the solderability of the 50 and 150 {mu}in. surfaces were not significantly affected by the test conditions, an intermediate plating thickness of 100 {mu}in. is preferred for processing flexibility. 13 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Hosking, F.M.; Sorensen, N.R.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Solderability and environmental testing of Sn-plated surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of atmospheric corrosion on the solderability of Sn plated surfaces was evaluated with 60Sn-40Pb solder. Tin thicknesses of 10, 50, and 150 {mu}in on Ni plated Cu were studied. The 10 {mu}in. plating gave the smallest solder meniscus rise. A general decrease in contact angle, or increase in wettability, was observed with increasing Sn plating. The environmental exposures retarded the wetting rate and increased the time to maximum wetting, particularly with only 10 {mu}in. of Sn. Although the solderability of the 50 and 150 {mu}in. surfaces wee not significantly affected by the test conditions, an intermediate plating thickness of 100 {mu}in. is preferred for processing flexibility. 13 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Sorensen, N.R.; Hosking, F.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Jet structure in 2.76 TeV Pb Pb collisions at ALICE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the analysis of the semi-inclusive distribution of reconstructed charged particle jets recoiling from a high pT hadron trigger in central Pb Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV. We measure, subtract and unfold the large underlying event background in such collisions, utilizing a novel technique that does not impose fragmentation bias on the measured jet population. The Pb Pb measurements are compared to a pp PYTHIA reference distribution generated at the same $\\sqrt{s}$. Modification of jet structure due to quenching is explored by varying the cone radius $R$ (0.2, 0.4) and the lower pT cutoff of charged particle constituents (0.15, 2.0 GeV/$c$).

ALICE Collaboration

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

34

S-Sn (Sulfur - Tin)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

S-Sn crystallographic data...29 ? ? βSn 2 S 3 29 ? ? αSn 2 S 3 29 oP 20 Pnma SnS 2 35.1 hP * hP 3 P 6 3 mc P m 1 Metastable phases SnS (thin film) 21.3 cF 8 Fm m Sn 4 S 5 25.3 ? ? Sn 3 S 4 26.4 t ** ?...

35

Interfacial reaction between eutectic SnPb solder and electroplated ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

consumption rate of the electroplated Ni ?lm, as well as the activation energy of IMC ... The Ni consumption rate, IMC growth rate, and activation energy.

36

In-Sn (Indium - Tin)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-Sn crystallographic data...In-Sn crystallographic data Phase Composition, wt% Sn Pearson symbol Space group (In) 0 to 12.4 tI 2 I 4/ mmm β 12.4 to 44.8 tI 2 I 4/ mmm γ 73 to ? hP 5 P 6/ mmm (βSn) ? to 100 tI 4 I 4 1 / amd (αSn) 100 cF 8 Fd m...

37

Photon-tagged jet measurements in Pb+Pb collisions with the CMS detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presented are the results of a detailed study for a complete simulation of the CMS detectors at the LHC in view of the expected modification of jet fragmentation functions in central Pb+Pb collisions at (s_NN)**0.5=5.5 TeV compared to the vacuum (p+p) case. The study is based on photon-jet events, using the correlation between isolated high-transverse energy (E_T>70 GeV) photons and fully reconstructed jets, based on the information provided by the CMS calorimeters and silicon tracker.

C Loizides; for the CMS Collaboration

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

38

Ge-S (Germanium - Sulfur)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ge-S crystallographic data...Ge-S crystallographic data Phase Composition, wt% S Pearson symbol Space group (Ge) 0 cF 8 Fd m βGeS 30.6 h ** ? αGeS 30.6 oP 8 Pnma GeS 2 46.9 oF 72 Fdd 2...

39

Reaction mechanism and reaction rate of Sn evaporation from liquid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although Sn is not easily removed by oxidation, Sn can be evaporated as Sn(g) and SnS(g), respectively. Increasing [%S] thus accelerates detinning rate.

40

In-Pb (Indium - Lead)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-Pb crystallographic data...In-Pb crystallographic data Phase Composition, wt% Pb Pearson symbol Space group (In) 0 to ? tI 2 I 4/ mmm α ~24 to ~44 tI 2 I 4/ mmm (Pb) ? to 100 cF 4 Fm m...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Baryon Number and Electric Charge Fluctuations in Pb+Pb Collisions at SPS energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Event-by-event fluctuations of the net baryon number and electric charge in nucleus-nucleus collisions are studied in Pb+Pb at SPS energies within the HSD transport model. We reveal an important role of the fluctuations in the number of target nucleon participants. They strongly influence all measured fluctuations even in the samples of events with rather rigid centrality trigger. This fact can be used to check different scenarios of nucleus-nucleus collisions by measuring the multiplicity fluctuations as a function of collision centrality in fixed kinematical regions of the projectile and target hemispheres. The HSD results for the event-by-event fluctuations of electric charge in central Pb+Pb collisions at 20, 30, 40, 80 and 158 A GeV are in a good agreement with the NA49 experimental data and considerably larger than expected in a quark-gluon plasma. This demonstrate that the distortions of the initial fluctuations by the hadronization phase and, in particular, by the final resonance decays dominate the observable fluctuations.

V. P. Konchakovski; M. I. Gorenstein; E. L. Bratkovskaya; H. Stocker

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

42

Ge-In (Germanium - Indium)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ge-In crystallographic data...Ge-In crystallographic data Phase Composition, wt% In Pearson symbol Space group (Ge) 0 cF 8 Fd m (In) 100 tI 2 I 4/ mmm...

43

Chemical equilibrium study at SPS 158A GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A detailed study of chemical freeze-out in nucleus-nucleus collisions at beam energy 158A GeV is presented. By analyzing hadronic multiplicities within the statistical hadronization approach, the chemical equilibration of p-p, C-C, Si-Si and Pb-Pb systems is studied as a function of the number of participating nucleons in the system. Additionally, Two Component statistical hadronization model is applied to the data and is found to be able to explain the observed strangeness hadronic phase space under-saturation.

Jaakko Manninen

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

44

SN Environmental Review (NEPA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates Rates You are here: SN Home page > Environment Environmental Review-NEPA Major Initiatives are the large projects that SNR is currently involved in. As new projects are added, and existing ones completed, you will find current information and updates in this area. Environmental Impact Statement-EIS Sacramento Area Voltage Support Trinity PUD Interconnection Projects Alternative Intake Project Transmission Line and Interconnection Delta-Mendota Canal / California Aqueduct Intertie (PDF - 17MB) Sutter Power Project San Luis Transmission Project Environmental Assessment-EA San Joaquin Valley Right-of-Way Maintenance Project North Area Right-of-Way Maintenance Project Sacramento Valley Right-of-Way Maintenance Project Categorical Exclusions-CX Cottonwood - Roseville OPGW Project CX (PDF - 6787KB)

45

Structural studies of two novel La-Sn compounds: La30Sn30 and La32Ni2Sn35  

SciTech Connect

Two novel intermetallic compounds containing lanthanum and tin have been obtained for the first time. Single crystal structures of these two phases, La{sub 30}Sn{sub 30} and La{sub 32}Ni{sub 2}Sn{sub 35} have been studied by X-ray crystallography. La{sub 30}Sn{sub 30} is a new 1:1 binary containing La and Sn and has been refined in the Cmmm space group. This phase was made at high temperatures (<1200 C) from a loaded composition of La{sub 68}Sn{sub 70}. Unlike the reported 1:1 binary, LaSn which crystallizes in the Cmcm space group (only powder X-ray diffraction studies reported), La{sub 30}Sn{sub 30} forms good crystals for structural determination. The crystal structure of La{sub 30}Sn{sub 30} show Sn-Sn dimers and Sn-centered, face-sharing biaugmented triangular prisms composed of La atoms. La{sub 30}Sn{sub 30} does not belong to any known structure-type. La{sub 32}Ni{sub 2}Sn{sub 35} was obtained in high yields at high temperatures (> 1200 C) and refined in the 14/mmm space group. It belongs to the USi structure type in which the Ni/Sn atoms occupy the Si sites, and La/Sn atoms occupy the U sites. The crystal structure of La{sub 32}Ni{sub 2}Sn{sub 35} consists of buckled sheets made from La-centered, corner-shared octahedra of Sn. These sheets are intraconnected through Ni-Sn-Ni bonds along the c-axis. The crystals are not air sensitive, unlike La{sub 30}Sn{sub 30}, which can be attributed to the presence of Ni in the crystal structure.

Yang, Amie S.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Measurement of the Inclusive Charm Cross Section at 4.03 GeV and 4.14 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cross section for charmed meson production at $\\sqrt{s} = 4.03 $ and 4.14 GeV has been measured with the Beijing Spectrometer. The measurement was made using 22.3 $pb^{-1}$ of $e^+e^-$ data collected at 4.03 GeV and 1.5 $pb^{-1}$ of $e^+e^-$ data collected at 4.14 GeV. Inclusive observed cross sections for the production of charged and neutral D mesons and momentum spectra are presented. Observed cross sections were radiatively corrected to obtain tree level cross sections. Measurements of the total hadronic cross section are obtained from the charmed meson cross section and an extrapolation of results from below the charm threshold.

Bai, J Z; Bian, J G; Blum, I; Chen, G P; Chen, H F; Chen, J; Chen, J C; Chen, Y; Chen, Y B; Chen, Y Q; Cheng Bao Sen; Cui, X Z; Ding, H L; Dong, L Y; Du, Z Z; Dunwoodie, W M; Gao, C S; Gao, M L; Gao, S Q; Gratton, P; Gu, J H; Gu, S D; Gu, W X; Gu, Y F; Guo, Y N; Guo, Z J; Han, S W; Han, Y; Harris, F A; He, J; He, J T; He, K L; He, M; Heng, Y K; Hitlin, D G; Hu, G Y; Hu, H M; Hu, J L; Hu, Q H; Hu, T; Hu, X Q; Huang, Y Z; Huang, G S; Izen, J M; Jiang, C H; Jin, Y; Jones, B D; Ju, X; Ke, Z J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, B K; Kong, D; Lai, Y F; Lang, P F; Lankford, A; Li, C G; Li, D; Li, H B; Li, J; Li, J C; Li, P Q; Li, R B; Li, W; Li, W G; Li, X H; Li, X N; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, R G; Liu, Y; Lou, X C; Lowery, B; Lu, F; Lu, J G; Luo, X L; Ma, E C; Ma, J M; Malchow, R; Mandelkern, M A; Mao, H S; Mao, Z P; Meng, X C; Nie, J; Olsen, S L; Oyang, J; Paluselli, D; Pan, L J; Panetta, J; Porter, F; Qi, N D; Qi, X R; Qian, C D; Qiu, J F; Qu, Y H; Que, Y K; Rong, G; Schernau, M; Schmid, B; Schultz, J; Shao, Y Y; Shen, B W; Shen, D L; Shen, H; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Shi, H Z; Song, X F; Standifird, J; Stoker, D; Sun, F; Sun, H S; Sun, Y; Sun, Y Z; Tang, S Q; Toki, W; Tong, G L; Varner, G S; Wang, F; Wang, L S; Wang, L Z; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, S M; Wang, T J; Wang, Y Y; Weaver, M; Wei, C L; Wu, N; Wu, Y G; Xi, D M; Xia, X M; Xie, P P; Xie, Y; Xie, Y H; Xu, G F; Xue, S T; Yan, J; Yan, W G; Yang, C M; Yang, C Y; Yang, H X; Yang, J; Yang, W; Yang, X F; Ye, M H; Ye, S W; Ye, Y X; Yu, C S; Yu, C X; Yu, G W; Yu, Y H; Yu, Z Q; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, Y; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H L; Zhang, J; Zhang, J W; Zhang, L; Zhang, L S; Zhang, P; Zhang, Q J; Zhang, S Q; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y Y; Zhao, D X; Zhao, H W; Zhao, J W; Zhao, M; Zhao, W R; Zhao, Z G; Zheng, J P; Zheng, L S; Zheng, Z P; Zhou, B Q; Zhou, G P; Zhou, H S; Zhou, L; Zhu, K J; Zhu, Q M; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhuang, B A

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Ge-Y (Germanium - Yttrium)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ge-Y crystallographic data...αY 2 Ge 3 55 hP 3 P 6/ mmm βY 3 Ge 5 57.6 oF 72 Fdd 2 αY 3 Ge 5 57.6 tI 12 I 4 1 / amd YGe 2 62.03 oC 12 Cmcm Y 2 Ge 7 74.09 ? C 222 1 (a) (Ge) 0 to ~0.4 cF 8 Fd m (a) Tentative...

48

Thermoelectric properties of nanoporous Ge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We computed thermoelectric properties of nanoporous Ge (np-Ge) with aligned pores along the [001] direction through a combined classical molecular dynamics and first-principles electronic structure approach. A significant ...

Lee, Joo-Hyoung

49

GE | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GE Home Jessi3bl's picture Submitted by Jessi3bl(15) Member 16 December, 2012 - 19:18 GE, Clean Energy Fuels Partner to Expand Natural Gas Highway clean energy Clean Energy Fuels...

50

? cross section in p+p collisions at ?s=200??GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a measurement of the ?(1S+2S+3S)?e+e- cross section at midrapidity in p+p collisions at ?s=200??GeV. We find the cross section to be 11438(stat+fit)-24+23(syst)??pb. Perturbative QCD calculations at next-to-leading ...

Balewski, Jan T.

51

Development of Superalloy GTD262 at GE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in GE power generation gas turbines. By integrating computational thermodynamic predictions of phase equilibria with GE's property models and databases,...

52

Structural studies of two novel La-Sn compounds: La30Sn30 and La32Ni2Sn35  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two novel intermetallic compounds containing lanthanum and tin have been obtained for the first time. Single crystal structures of these two phases, La{sub 30}Sn{sub 30} and La{sub 32}Ni{sub 2}Sn{sub 35} have been studied by X-ray crystallography. La{sub 30}Sn{sub 30} is a new 1:1 binary containing La and Sn and has been refined in the Cmmm space group. This phase was made at high temperatures ( 1200 C) and refined in the 14/mmm space group. It belongs to the USi structure type in which the Ni/Sn atoms occupy the Si sites, and La/Sn atoms occupy the U sites. The crystal structure of La{sub 32}Ni{sub 2}Sn{sub 35} consists of buckled sheets made from La-centered, corner-shared octahedra of Sn. These sheets are intraconnected through Ni-Sn-Ni bonds along the c-axis. The crystals are not air sensitive, unlike La{sub 30}Sn{sub 30}, which can be attributed to the presence of Ni in the crystal structure.

Yang, Amie S.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

OpenEI Community - GE  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

en.openei.orgcommunitytaxonomyterm2030 en GE, Clean Energy Fuels Partner to Expand Natural Gas Highway http:en.openei.orgcommunityblogge-clean-energy-fuels-partner-expa...

54

Evolution of Anthropogenic Pb and Pb isotopes in the deep North Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pb and Pb isotopes in the ocean have varied on decadal to centennial time scales due to anthropogenic Pb inputs. Thus, tracing the temporal variation of Pb and Pb isotopes in the ocean provides information on the major ...

Lee, Jong-Mi, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

SN2002bu -- Another SN2008S-like Transient  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We observed SN2002bu in the near-IR with the Hubble Space Telescope, the mid-IR with the Spitzer Space Telescope and in X-rays with Swift 10 years after the explosion. If the faint L_H\\sim100 Lsun HST near-IR source at the transient position is the near-IR counterpart of SN2002bu, then the source has dramatically faded between 2004 and 2012, from L\\sim10^6.0 Lsun to L\\sim10^4.5 Lsun. It is still heavily obscured, tau_V\\sim5 in graphitic dust models, with almost all the energy radiated in the mid-IR. The radius of the dust emission is increasing as R\\simt^(0.7+/-0.4) and the optical depth is dropping as tau_V\\simt^(-1.3+/-0.4). The evolution expected for an expanding shell of material, tau_V\\sim1/t^2, is ruled out at approximately 2 sigma while the tau_V\\simt^(-0.8) to t^(-1) optical depth scaling for a shock passing through a pre-existing wind is consistent with the data. If the near-IR source is a chance superposition, the present day source can be moderately more luminous, significantly more obscured and ev...

Szczygiel, D M; Dai, X

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Experimental limits on massive neutrinos from e/sup +/e/sup /minus// annihilations at 29 GeV  

SciTech Connect

A search was made in 29 GeV e/sup +/e/sup /minus// annihilations for massive neutrinos decaying to e/sup +-/X/sup /minus plus//(..nu..) where X is a muon or meson. A 300 pb/sup /minus/1/ data sample yielded just one candidate event with a mass m/sub ex/ > 1.8 GeV. Significant limits are found for new neutrinos with masses from 1.8 to 6.7 GeV and with mixing parameters in the range 10/sup /minus/6/ < chemically bondUchemically bond/sup 2/ < 1. 12 refs., 4 figs.

Akerlof, C.; Chapman, J.; Errede, D.; Ken, M.T.; Meyer, D.I.; Neal, H.; Nitz, D.; Thun, R.; Tschirhart, R.; Derrick, M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Multilayer nanoassembly of Sn-nanopillar arrays sandwiched between...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multilayer nanoassembly of Sn-nanopillar arrays sandwiched between graphene layers for high-capacity lithium storage Title Multilayer nanoassembly of Sn-nanopillar arrays...

58

GE Solar Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon GE Solar Power Jump to: navigation, search Name GE Solar Power Place Delaware Sector Solar...

59

Effect of Sn and Ca doping on the corrosion of Pb anodes in lead acid batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Routes bloodRoutes blood Heart separates pulmonary and systemic circulationHeart separates pulmonary; Separated bySeparated by The ChambersThe Chambers Separated bySeparated by InteratrialInteratrial Septum fillingfilling resistanceresistancegg 52PASI 2011 - A. Bandoni #12;Ql a Ql vRla Lla Llv pas E plv pla M V AV

Popov, Branko N.

60

Pb-Free Sn-Ag-Cu-Mn Solder - Energy Innovation Portal  

Anderson, Iver E. (Ames, IA), Harringa, Joel (Ames, IA), Walleser, Jason K. (Idaho Falls, IA) Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Pb-free Solders and Emerging Interconnect and Packaging ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this Symposium, emerging interconnect and packaging technologies and insights into existing materials and technologies, including Pb-free, Pb-

62

Predictions for p+Pb at 5.02A TeV to test initial state nuclear shadowing at the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collinear factorized perturbative QCD model predictions are compared for $p+{\\rm Pb}$ at 5.02$A$ TeV to test nuclear shadowing of parton distribution at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The pseudorapidity distribution and the nuclear modification factor (NMF), $R_{p{\\rm Pb}}(y=0,p_T<20\\;{\\rm GeV}/{\\it c}) = dn_{p{\\rm Pb}} /(N_{\\rm coll}(b)dn_{pp})$, is computed within {\\small HIJING/\\=B v2.0 model}. These results are updated calculations of those presented in Ref. Phys. Rev C85, 024903 (2012).

Barnafoldi, G G; Gyulassy, M; Levai, P; Petrovici, M; Pop, V Topor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

GE PowerPoint Template  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Steels for Steels for Accident Tolera nt Fuel Cla ddings Ferritic Ma rtensitic Alloys a s Accident Tolera nt Fuel (ATF) Cla dding Ma teria l for Light Wa ter Rea ctors Ra ul B. Reba k, GE Globa l Resea rch DOE Integra tion Meeting, Sa lt La ke City 27-August-2013 DE NE 568 2 / GE Reba k - DOE Integra tion Meeting, Sa lt La ke City, 27-August-2013/ GE Project Tea m 3 / GE Reba k - DOE Integra tion Meeting, Sa lt La ke City, 27-August-2013/ Approa ch of GE Resea rch Proposa l * Demonstra te tha t sta inless iron ba sed bulk a lloys or Adva nced Steels ca n be used a s fuel cla dding ma teria ls in commercia l nuclea r rea ctors * The proposed ma teria l should be a s good a s Zr a lloys (or better tha n Zr a lloys) under norma l opera tion conditions 1. Resista nt to genera l corrosion a nd environmenta l cra

64

Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GE to GE to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on AddThis.com... Goals & Accomplishments Partnerships National Clean Fleets Partnership National Parks Initiative Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Training Program Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Natural Gas Transit & School Bus Users Group Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum Hall of Fame Contacts National Clean Fleets Partner: GE

65

Effective suppression of Sn-58Bi/Cu interfacial reactions with minor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On-Site Speaker (Planned), Trong Lan Nguyen. Abstract Scope, Overgrowth of the ?-Cu6Sn5 layer between Sn-58 wt.%Bi (Sn-58Bi)...

66

ALICE results on quarkonium production in pp, p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of quarkonia, bound states of heavy (charm or bottom) quark-antiquark pairs such as the J/psi or the Upsilon?, provides insight into the earliest and hottest stages of high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions where the formation of a Quark-Gluon Plasma is expected. High-precision data from proton-proton collisions represent an essential baseline for the measurement of nuclear modi?cations in nucleus-nucleus collisions and serve also as a crucial test for models of quarkonium hadroproduction. Another fundamental tool to understand the quarkonium production in nucleus-nucleus collisions is the the study of proton-nucleus interactions, which allows one to investigate cold nuclear matter e?ects, such as parton shadowing or gluon saturation. The ALICE detector provides excellent capabilities to study quarkonium production at the Large Hadron Collider at both central and forward rapidity. An overview on ALICE results on quarkonium production in pp, p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions is presented. Results are compared to theoretical model predictions.

Giuseppe Eugenio Bruno for the ALICE Collaboration

2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

67

GE Energy Formerly GE Power Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GE Power Systems GE Power Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name GE Energy (Formerly GE Power Systems) Place Atlanta, Georgia Zip 30339 Sector Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product Atlanta-based supplier of power generation and energy delivery technologies in all areas of the energy industry including renewable resources such as water, wind, solar and alternative fuels. Coordinates 33.748315°, -84.391109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.748315,"lon":-84.391109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

68

Phonon conduction in PbSe, PbTe, and PbTe1?xSex from first-principles calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply first-principles calculations to lead selenide (PbSe) and lead telluride (PbTe) and their alloys (PbTe[subscript 1?x]Se[subscript x]), which are potentially good thermoelectric materials, to investigate their ...

Tian, Zhiting

69

Characterisation of Sm-Co-Sn alloys  

SciTech Connect

Cast SmCo{sub 5-x}Sn{sub x} (x = 0.00, 0.01, 0.06 and 0.12) alloys were prepared by arc melting with subsequent thermal homogenisation. Microstructural and x-ray diffraction studies revealed that the alloys were constituted of three phases i.e. SmCo{sub 5}, Sm{sub 2}Co{sub 7} and Sm{sub 2}Co{sub 17}. The addition of Sn caused grain refinement of the alloys. It was found that the Sn addition promoted nucleation of Sm{sub 2}Co{sub 17}, segregation of solute atoms and increase in unit cell volume; consequently, significant augmentation in remanence to maximum magnetization ratios was achieved. - Research Highlights: 1. Tin up to 0.12% was added in a Samarium cobalt-SmCo5 system; discernable changes in the microstructure and phase distribution were achieved; {yields} the nucleation of Sm2Co17 phase, {yields} segregation of Sn and samarium rich Sm2Co7 phase on the grain boundaries {yields} refinement of the microstructure in term of grain size 2. Moreover, addition of Sn caused twofold increase in magnetic properties (Remanence-Mr) of the Sm-Co alloy as compared to the binary SmCo5 system.

Zaigham, Hamid, E-mail: zaigham44@hotmail.com; Khalid, F. Ahmad

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Demand Response Enabled Appliance Development at GE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response Enabled Appliance Development at GE Speaker(s): David Najewicz Date: June 12, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Dave Najewicz of GE Consumer and Appliances will...

71

Stable, free-standing Ge nanocrystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stable, free-standing Ge nanocrystals I.D. Sharp, a,b) Q.Berkeley, CA 94720 ABSTRACT Free-standing Ge nanocrystalsin diluted HF to obtain free-standing nanocrystals on a Si

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

A Pb isotope record of mid-Atlantic US atmospheric Pb emissions in Chesapeake Bay sediments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Pb isotope record of mid-Atlantic US atmospheric Pb emissions in Chesapeake Bay sediments Franco Marcantonio a,*, Andrew Zimmerman b,1 , Yingfeng Xu a , Elizabeth Canuel b a Department of Geology, Institute analyzed sediments from three sites in the mesohaline portion of Chesapeake Bay (CB) for Pb isotopes

73

Valley splitting theory of SiGe/Si/SiGe quantum wells Mark Friesen,1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Valley splitting theory of SiGe/Si/SiGe quantum wells Mark Friesen,1, * Sucismita Chutia,1 Charles an effective mass theory for SiGe/Si/SiGe quantum wells, with an emphasis on calculating the valley splitting. The theory introduces a valley coupling parameter vv which encapsulates the physics of the quantum well

Sheridan, Jennifer

74

Aluminum-stabilized NB3SN superconductor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An aluminum-stabilized Nb.sub.3 Sn superconductor and process for producing same, utilizing ultrapure aluminum. Ductile components are co-drawn with aluminum to produce a conductor suitable for winding magnets. After winding, the conductor is heated to convert it to the brittle Nb.sub.3 Sn superconductor phase, using a temperature high enough to perform the transformation but still below the melting point of the aluminum. This results in reaction of substantially all of the niobium, while providing stabilization and react-in-place features which are beneficial in the fabrication of magnets utilizing superconducting materials.

Scanlan, Ronald M. (Livermore, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

On the Sn loss from thin films of the material system Cu-Zn-Sn-S in high vacuum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the Sn loss from thin films of the material system Cu-Zn-Sn-S and the subsystems Cu-Sn-S and Sn-S in high vacuum is investigated. A combination of in situ x-ray diffractometry and x-ray fluorescence (XRF) at a synchrotron light source allowed identifying phases, which tend to decompose and evaporate a Sn-containing compound. On the basis of the XRF results a quantification of the Sn loss from the films during annealing experiments is presented. It can be shown that the evaporation rate from the different phases decreases according to the order SnS{yields}Cu{sub 2}SnS{sub 3}{yields}Cu{sub 4}SnS{sub 4}{yields}Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4}. The phase SnS is assigned as the evaporating compound. The influence of an additional inert gas component on the Sn loss and on the formation of Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4} thin films is discussed.

Weber, A.; Mainz, R.; Schock, H. W. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie, Glienicker Str. 100, D-14109 Berlin (Germany)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

Shell model calculation for Te and Sn isotopes in the vicinity of {sup 100}Sn  

SciTech Connect

New Shell Model calculations for even-even isotopes {sup 104-108}Sn and {sup 106,108}Te, in the vicinity of {sup 100}Sn have been performed. The calculations have been carried out using the windows version of NuShell-MSU. The two body matrix elements TBMEs of the effective interaction between valence nucleons are obtained from the renormalized two body effective interaction based on G-matrix derived from the CD-bonn nucleon-nucleon potential. The single particle energies of the proton and neutron valence spaces orbitals are defined from the available spectra of lightest odd isotopes of Sb and Sn respectively.

Yakhelef, A.; Bouldjedri, A. [Physics Department, Farhat abbas University, Setif (Algeria); Physics Department, Hadj Lakhdar University, Batna (Algeria)

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

77

Spectrum of electron-hole states of the Si/Ge structure with Ge quantum dots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lateral photoconductivity spectra of Si/Ge multilayer structures with Ge quantum dots of various sizes are investigated. We observed optical transition lines between the hole levels of quantum dots and electronic states of Si. This enabled us to construct a detailed energy level diagram of the electron-hole spectrum of the Si/Ge structures. It is shown that the hole levels of Ge quantum dots are successfully described by the 'quantum box' model using the actual sizes of Ge islands. It I found that the position of the longwavelength photosensitivity boundary of Si/Ge structures with Ge quantum dots can be controlled by changing the growth parameters.

Talochkin, A. B., E-mail: tal@thermo.isp.nsc.ru; Chistokhin, I. B., E-mail: igor@thermo.isp.nsc.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

Microstructural Evolution of SnS Thin Films Grown by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Energy Nanomaterials. Presentation Title, Microstructural Evolution of SnS...

79

YPdSn and YPd{sub 2}Sn: Structure, {sup 89}Y solid state NMR and {sup 119}Sn Moessbauer spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The stannides YPdSn and YPd{sub 2}Sn were synthesized by high-frequency melting of the elements in sealed tantalum tubes. Both structures were refined on the basis of single crystal X-ray diffractometer data: TiNiSi type, Pnma, a=715.4(1), b=458.8(1), c=789.1(1) pm, wR2=0.0461, 510 F{sup 2} values, 20 variables for YPdSn and MnCu{sub 2}Al type, Fm3 Macron m, a=671.44(8), wR2=0.0740, 55 F{sup 2} values, 5 parameters for YPd{sub 2}Sn. The yttrium atoms in the new stannide YPdSn are coordinated by two tilted Pd{sub 3}Sn{sub 3} hexagons (ordered AlB{sub 2} superstructure). In the Heusler phase YPd{sub 2}Sn each yttrium atom has octahedral tin coordination and additionally eight palladium neighbors. The cubic site symmetry of yttrium is reflected in the {sup 119}Sn Moessbauer spectrum which shows no quadrupole splitting. In contrast, YPdSn shows a single signal at {delta}=1.82(1) mm/s subjected to quadrupole splitting of {Delta}E{sub Q}=0.93(1) mm/s. Both compounds have been characterized by high-resolution {sup 89}Y solid state NMR spectroscopy, which indicates the presence of strong Knight shifts. The spectrum of YPd{sub 2}Sn is characterized by an unusually large linewidth, suggesting the presence of a Knight shift distribution reflecting local disordering effects. The range of {sup 89}Y Knight shifts of several binary and ternary intermetallic yttrium compounds is briefly discussed. - Graphical abstract: YPdSn and YPd{sub 2}Sn: Structure, {sup 89}Y solid state NMR and {sup 119}Sn Moessbauer spectroscopy. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Synthesis and structure of ternary stannides YPdSn and YPd{sub 2}Sn. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer {sup 119}Sn Moessbauer spectroscopic investigation of YPdSn and YPd{sub 2}Sn. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer {sup 89}Y solid state NMR of intermetallics.

Hoeting, Christoph [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Eckert, Hellmut [Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie, Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Langer, Thorsten; Schellenberg, Inga [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Poettgen, Rainer, E-mail: pottgen@uni-muenster.de [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

GE Appliances and Lighting Home Energy Solutions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GE Appliances and Lighting GE Appliances and Lighting Home Energy Solutions Introduction to Devices with Brillion(tm) Technology Portfolio of Products 3 GE Appliances and Lighting All Rights Reserved Brillion(tm) Suite of Home Energy Solutions Nucleus(tm) Smart Meter Other Devices Internet IHD Other Devices PCT Non-Meter Solution GE DRMS GEA Server 4 GE Appliances and Lighting All Rights Reserved Nucleus(tm) energy manager with Brillion(tm) technology Consumers can reduce electric usage by an average of 5% per year. 5 GE Appliances and Lighting All Rights Reserved GE Profile Appliances enabled with Brillion(tm) technology Delayed defrost during peak Delayed starts and temperature adjustments during peak Delayed start until off- peak Reduced energy usage 60%, DR- enabled Reduced wattage during peak When coupled with the Nucleus and a TOU

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Fusion of radioactive $^{132}$Sn with $^{64}$Ni  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaporation residue and fission cross sections of radioactive $^{132}$Sn on $^{64}$Ni were measured near the Coulomb barrier. A large sub-barrier fusion enhancement was observed. Coupled-channel calculations including inelastic excitation of the projectile and target, and neutron transfer are in good agreement with the measured fusion excitation function. When the change in nuclear size and shift in barrier height are accounted for, there is no extra fusion enhancement in $^{132}$Sn+$^{64}$Ni with respect to stable Sn+$^{64}$Ni. A systematic comparison of evaporation residue cross sections for the fusion of even $^{112-124}$Sn and $^{132}$Sn with $^{64}$Ni is presented.

J. F. Liang; D. Shapira; J. R. Beene; C. J. Gross; R. L. Varner; A. Galindo-Uribarri; J. Gomez del Campo; P. A. Hausladen; P. E. Mueller; D. W. Stracener; H. Amro; J. J. Kolata; J. D. Bierman; A. L. Caraley; K. L. Jones; Y. Larochelle; W. Loveland; D. Peterson

2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

82

Photoconductivity of Si/Ge multilayer structures with Ge quantum dots pseudomorphic to the Si matrix  

SciTech Connect

Longitudinal photoconductivity spectra of Si/Ge multilayer structures with Ge quantum dots grown pseudomorphically to the Si matrix are studied. Lines of optical transitions between hole levels of quantum dots and Si electronic states are observed. This allowed us to construct a detailed energy-level diagram of electron-hole levels of the structure. It is shown that hole levels of pseudomorphic Ge quantum dots are well described by the simplest 'quantum box' model using actual sizes of Ge islands. The possibility of controlling the position of the long-wavelength photosensitivity edge by varying the growth parameters of Si/Ge structures with Ge quantum dots is determined.

Talochkin, A. B., E-mail: tal@thermo.isp.nsc.ru; Chistokhin, I. B. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

A neutron powder diffraction study of. cap alpha. - and. beta. -PbO/sub 2/ in the positive electrode material of lead-acid batteries  

SciTech Connect

A neutron powder diffraction study of ..cap alpha..- and ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/, both chemically prepared and electrochemically formed in cycled battery plates, was carried out to correlate the electrochemical activity of the lead-acid battery with the atomic arrangement of the electrode constituents. Our results are consistent with the presence of hydrogen in the structure of ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/, but the departure of the occupancy factors from stoichiometric values are not large enough to unambiguously establish whether there are lead or oxygen deficiencies. If the Pb:O ratio corresponds to exact stoichiometry, any hydrogen which is present must be accompanied by a reduction of Pb/sup +4/. There is a significant increase in the lattice parameter ..cap alpha.. of ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/ in cycled battery electrodes relative to the value found in chemically prepared ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/. No change in the c parameter, however, was detected. These dimensional changes are consistent with a configuration for hydrogen similar to that observed in the rutile type structure of SnO/sub 2/, in which there are OH-ions oriented perpendicular to the c axis. The profile parameters obtained in this analysis show that the crystallites of ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/ in the positive plate material of a battery cycled three times (Y3) are smaller than those in the chemically prepared compound (about 450A vs. 800A), while there are no significant differences between the latter and ..beta..-PbO/sub 2/ in the positive plate material of a battery cycled 36 times (Y36). The average structure of ..cap alpha..-PbO/sub 2/ cannot be accurately determined by profile analysis, at the present time. The difficulties encountered in the refinement may be due to extensive defects, nonspherical crystallites of small size, and/or small departures of the structure from orthorhombic symmetry.

Santoro, A.; Caulder, S.M.; D' Antonio, P.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Growth and structure of photosensitive Pb{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}Te(Ga) epitaxial films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth and structure of (1-1.5)-{mu}m-thick Pb{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}Te(Ga)(x = 0.06) films with 0.4-0.9 at % of gallium, grown on BaF{sub 2}(111) and Pb{sub 1-x}Sn{sub x}Te (x = 0.2) (100) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy, have been investigated. It is established that the films are crystallized into an fcc structure, and their growth planes are (111) and (100), according to the substrate orientation. The optimal conditions for obtaining high-resistivity photosensitive p-and n-type films with a perfect crystal structure (W{sub 1/2} = 80''-100'') have been determined.

Nuriev, I. R.; Sadygov, R. M.; Nazarov, A. M., E-mail: afinnazarov@yahoo.com [Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

A neutron dose detector with REM response to 1 GeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The limitation of current remmeters, which do not measure neutron dose equivalents above about 15 MeV, is a serious problem at high-energy accelerator facilities, where a much wider range of neutron energies exist. The purpose of this work was to measure the response of a modified Anderson-Braun (A-B) remmeter to neutron energies up to 1 GeV. The modifications to the standard A-B remmeter were based on the experimental results of Pb(n,xn) reactions.

Sun, R.K.; Krebs, G.F.; Smith, A.R. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Hsu, H.H. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

GE Upgrades Top Selling Advanced Gas Turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 30, 2009 ... According to GE, a typical power plant operating two new 7FA gas turbines with a single steam turbine in combined cycle configuration would...

87

Project Brief: General Electric, GE Global Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for rapidly routing electrical energy to customers from diverse sources such as wind and solar powered devices. RECIPIENT: General Electric, GE ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

88

Ge/SiGe quantum well devices for light modulation, detection, and emission.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This PhD thesis is devoted to study electro-optic properties of Gemanium/Silicon-Germanium (Ge/SiGe) multiple quantum wells (MQWs) for light modulation, detection, and emission on Si platform. (more)

Chaisakul, Papichaya

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

GE Appliances: Order (2012-SE-1403)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered GE Appliances, a Division of General Electric Company to pay a $63,000 civil penalty after finding GE had privately labeled and distributed in commerce in the U.S. the 4-cubic-foot capacity refrigerator basic model SMR04GAZCS, which includes models SMR04GAZACS and SMR04GAZBCS.

90

Modeling of GE Appliances: Final Presentation  

SciTech Connect

This report is the final in a series of three reports funded by U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE-OE) in collaboration with GE Appliances through a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to describe the potential of GE Appliances DR-enabled appliances to provide benefits to the utility grid.

Fuller, Jason C.; Vyakaranam, Bharat; Leistritz, Sean M.; Parker, Graham B.

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

91

M1, Material and Electronic Properties of CVD Graphene Grown on ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GG6, Thermomagnetic Transport Properties of (AgxSbTex/2+1)15(GeTe)85 Thermoelectric Materials GG7, Thermoelectric Properties of Sn-Rich Pb1?xSnx

92

AA2, O-H-Li-Complex in Hydrothermally Grown Single Crystalline ZnO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GG6, Thermomagnetic Transport Properties of (AgxSbTex/2+1)15(GeTe)85 Thermoelectric Materials GG7, Thermoelectric Properties of Sn-Rich Pb1?xSnx

93

Physical properties of single crystalline BaSn{sub 5}  

SciTech Connect

We present a comprehensive study of the binary intermetallic superconductor, BaSn{sub 5}. High-quality single crystalline BaSn{sub 5} was grown out of a Sn flux. Detailed thermodynamic and transport measurements were performed to study BaSn{sub 5}'s normal and superconducting state properties. This material appears to be a strongly coupled, multiband superconductor. H{sub c2}(T) is almost isotropic. De Haasvan Alphen oscillations were observed and two effective masses were estimated from the FFT spectra. Hydrostatic pressure causes a decrease in the superconducting transition temperature at the rate of ??0.053??0.001?K/kbar.

Lin, Xiao; Budko, Sergey; Canfield, Paul

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

94

Liquidus Projection of Thermoelectric Ag-Sn-Te Ternary System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Liquidus Projection of Thermoelectric Ag-Sn-Te Ternary ... Ag Decorated Al Nanoparticles as Novel Ink Materials for Printed Electronics...

95

Process for the manufacture of 117Sn diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acids  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Novel methods are provided for the manufacture of .sup.117m Sn(Sn.sup.4+) DTPA. The method allows the use of DTPA, a toxic chelating agent, in an approximately 1:1 ratio to .sup.117m Sn(Sn.sup.4+) via either aqueous conditions, or using various organic solvents, such as methylene chloride. A pharmaceutical composition manufactured by the novel method is also provided, as well as methods for treatment of bone tumors and pain associated with bone cancer using the pharmaceutical composition of the invention.

Srivastava, Suresh C. (Setauket, NY); Li, Zizhong (Upton, NY); Meinken, George (Middle Island, NY)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

TEE-0077 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting TEE-0077 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting The Decision and Order considers and Application for Exception filed by GE...

97

Monolithic Ge-on-Si lasers for integrated photonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report room temperature Ge-on-Si lasers with direct gap emission at 1590-1610 nm. Modeling of Ge/Si double heterojunction structures, which is supported by experimental results of Ge/Si LEDs, indicates the feasibility ...

Liu, Jifeng

98

Ge-on-Si laser for silicon photonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ge-on-Si devices are explored for photonic integration. Importance of Ge in photonics has grown and through techniques developed in our group we demonstrated low density of dislocations (<1x109cm-2) and point defects Ge ...

Camacho-Aguilera, Rodolfo Ernesto

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

General Electric in India GE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

General Electric in India GE Jump to: navigation, search Name General Electric in India (GE) Place New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip 110015 Sector Services, Wind energy Product...

100

Performance analysis of HD1: a 16 Tesla Nb3Sn dipole Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of HD1: A 16 Tesla Nb 3 Sn Dipole Magnet S.of HD1b, an Upgraded 16 Tesla Nb 3 Sn Dipole Magnet, This

Mattafirri, S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

N-1: Use of Nanostructured Sn Thin Film Anodes for Lithium Ion ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

XRD analyses proved that the thin film was made of nano crystalline Sn particles. The galvanostatic charge discharge results showed that the nano porous Sn...

102

Nanostructures boost the thermoelectric performance of PbS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In situ nanostructuring in bulk thermoelectric materials through thermo-dynamic phase segregation has established itself as an effective paradigm for optimizing the performance of thermoelectric materials. In bulk PbTe small compositional variations create coherent and semicoherent nanometer sized precipitates embedded in a PbTe matrix, where they can impede phonon propagation at little or no expense to the electronic properties. In this paper the nanostructuring paradigm is for the first time extended to a bulk PbS based system, which despite obvious advantages of price and abundancy, so far has been largely disregarded in thermoelectric research due to inferior room temperature thermoelectric properties relative to the pristine fellow chalcogenides, PbSe and PbTe. Herein we report on the synthesis, microstructural morphology and thermoelectric properties of two phase (PbS){sub 1-x}(PbTe){sub x}x = 0-0.16 samples. We have found that the addition of only a few percent PbTe to PbS results in a highly nanostructured material, where PbTe precipitates are coherently and semicoherently embedded in a PbS matrix. The present (PbS){sub 1-x}(PbTe){sub x} nanostructured samples show substantial decreases in lattice thermal conductivity relative to pristine PbS, while the electronic properties are left largely unaltered. This in turn leads to a marked increase in the thermoelectric figure of merit. This study underlines the efficiency of the nanostructuring approach and strongly supports its generality and applicability to other material systems. We demonstrate that these PbS-based materials, which are made primarily from abundant Pb and S, outperform optimally n-type doped pristine PbTe above 770 K.

Johnsen, S.; Androulakis, J.; He, J. Q.; Dravid, V. P.; Todorov, I.; Chung, D. Y.; Kanatzidis, M. G. (Materials Science Division); (Northwestern Univ.)

2011-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

103

GE_Order_and_Compromise_Agreement.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GE Appliances, a Division of GE Appliances, a Division of General Electric Company, Respondent ) ) ) ) ) ) ORDER By the General Counsel, U.S. Department of Energy: Case Number: 2012-SE-1403 1. In this Order, I adopt the attached Compromise Agreement entered into between the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") and GE Appliances, a Division of General Electric Company ("Respondent"). The Compromise Agreement resolves the case initiated after DOE was informed, based on test results made available as a result of verification testing by the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers ("AHAM"), that aGE refrigerator basic model may not meet the energy conservation standard set forth in 10 C.F.R. § 430.32(a). 2. DOE and Respondent have negotiated the terms of the Compromise Agreement that

104

12 GeV Upgrade | Jefferson Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites

Science Science A Schematic of the 12 GeV Upgrade The 12 GeV Upgrade will greatly expand the research capabilities of Jefferson Lab, adding a fourth experimental hall, upgrading existing halls and doubling the power of the lab's accelerator. A D D I T I O N A L L I N K S: 12 GeV Home Public Interest Scientific Opportunities Hall D Status Updates Contacts Three-Year Accelerator Schedule 2014 - 2016 top-right bottom-left-corner bottom-right-corner 12 GeV Upgrade Physicists at Jefferson Lab are trying to find answers to some of nature's most perplexing questions about the universe by exploring the nucleus of the atom. Their goal is to answer such questions as: "What is the universe made of?" and "What holds everyday matter together?" In their search for answers, physicists smash electrons into atoms using

105

The greening of GE [alternative energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

General Electric (GE) Co., is now focused on alternative energy resources as it has begun manufacturing wind turbines and photovoltaics, invested in hydrogen fuel cells, and become a leader in the development of gasification equipment that could double ...

P. Fairley

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Synthesis of N=127 isotones through (p,n) charge-exchange reactions induced by relativistic {sup 208}Pb projectiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The production cross sections of four N=127 isotones ({sup 207}Hg, {sup 206}Au, {sup 205}Pt, and {sup 204}Ir) have been measured using (p,n) charge-exchange reactions, induced in collisions of a {sup 208}Pb primary beam at 1 A GeV with a Be target. These data allow one to investigate the use of a reaction mechanism to extend the limits of the chart of nuclides toward the important r-process nuclei in the region of the third peak of elemental abundance distribution.

Morales, A. I.; Benlliure, J.; Alvarez-Pol, H.; Casarejos, E.; Dragosavac, D.; Perez-Loureiro, D.; Verma, S. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Agramunt, J.; Molina, F.; Rubio, B. [IFIC, CSIC-Universidad de Valencia, E-46071 Valencia (Spain); Algora, A. [IFIC, CSIC-Universidad de Valencia, E-46071 Valencia (Spain); Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-4001 Debrecen (Hungary); Alkhomashi, N.; Farrelly, G.; Gelletly, W.; Pietri, S.; Podolyak, Z.; Regan, P. H.; Steer, S. J. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Boutachkov, P.; Caceres, L. S. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

Engineering cyber infrastructure for U-Pb geochronology: Tripoli and U-Pb_Redux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past decade, major advancements in precision and accuracy of U-Pb geochronology, which stem from improved sample pretreatment and refined measurement techniques, have revealed previously unresolvable discrepancies ...

Bowring, J. F.

108

STM Survey of As/Ge(mnn) and P/Ge(mnn) Surfaces  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper contains a few representative results of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) survey of Ge surfaces after exposure to arsenic and phosphorous.

McMahon, W. E.; Olson, J. M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Host Galaxy Spectra and Consequences for SN Typing From The SDSS SN Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the spectroscopy from 5254 galaxies that hosted supernovae (SNe) or other transient events in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey II (SDSS-II). Obtained during SDSS-I, SDSS-II, and the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), this sample represents the largest systematic, unbiased, magnitude limited spectroscopic survey of supernova (SN) host galaxies. Using the host galaxy redshifts, we test the impact of photometric SN classification based on SDSS imaging data with and without using spectroscopic redshifts of the host galaxies. Following our suggested scheme, there are a total of 1166 photometrically classified SNe Ia when using a flat redshift prior and 1126 SNe Ia when the host spectroscopic redshift is assumed. For 1024 (87.8%) candidates classified as likely SNe Ia without redshift information, we find that the classification is unchanged when adding the host galaxy redshift. Using photometry from SDSS imaging data and the host galaxy spectra, we also report host galaxy properties for use in ...

Olmstead, Matthew D; Sako, Masao; Bassett, Bruce; Brinkmann, J; Brownstein, Joel R; Brewington, Howard; Campbell, Heather; D'Andrea, Chris B; Dawson, Kyle S; Ebelke, Garrett L; Frieman, Joshua A; Galbany, Llus; Garnavich, Peter; Gupta, Ravi R; Hlozek, Renee; Jha, Saurabh W; Kunz, Martin; Lampeitl, Hubert; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Marriner, John; Miquel, Ramon; Montero-Dorta, Antonio D; Nichol, Robert C; Oravetz, Daniel J; Pan, Kaike; Schneider, Donald P; Simmons, Audrey E; Smith, Mathew; Snedden, Stephanie A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Consistent dark matter interpretation for CoGeNT and DAMA/LIBRA  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we study the recent excess of low-energy events observed by the CoGeNT Collaboration and the annual modulation reported by the DAMA/LIBRA Collaboration, and discuss whether these signals could both be the result of the same elastically scattering dark matter particle. We find that, without channeling but when taking into account uncertainties in the relevant quenching factors, a dark matter candidate with a mass of approximately 7 GeV and a cross section with nucleons of {sigma}{sub DM-N{approx}}2x10{sup -4} pb (2x10{sup -40} cm{sup 2}) could account for both of these observations. We also comment on the events recently observed in the oxygen band of the CRESST experiment and point out that these could potentially be explained by such a particle. Lastly, we compare the region of parameter space favored by DAMA/LIBRA and CoGeNT to the constraints from XENON10, XENON100, and CDMS (Si) and find that these experiments cannot at this time rule out a dark matter interpretation of these signals.

Hooper, Dan [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States); Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Collar, J. I. [Enrico Fermi Institute, KICP and Department of Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Hall, Jeter [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States); McKinsey, Dan [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Kelso, Christopher M. [Department of Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

111

SN 2002bu-ANOTHER SN 2008S-LIKE TRANSIENT  

SciTech Connect

We observed supernova (SN) 2002bu in the near-IR with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), the mid-IR with the Spitzer Space Telescope, and in X-rays with Swift 10 years after the explosion. If the faint L {sub H} {approx} 10{sup 2} L {sub Sun} HST near-IR source at the transient position is the near-IR counterpart of SN 2002bu, then the source has dramatically faded between 2004 and 2012, from L {approx_equal} 10{sup 6.0} L {sub Sun} to L {approx_equal} 10{sup 4.5} L {sub Sun }. It is still heavily obscured, {tau} {sub V} {approx_equal} 5 in graphitic dust models, with almost all the energy radiated in the mid-IR. The radius of the dust emission is increasing as R{proportional_to}t {sup 0.7{+-}0.4} and the optical depth is dropping as {tau} {sub V}{proportional_to}t {sup -1.3{+-}0.4}. The evolution expected for an expanding shell of material, {tau} {sub V}{proportional_to}t {sup -2}, is ruled out at approximately 2{sigma}, while the {tau} {sub V}{proportional_to}t {sup -0.8} to t {sup -1} optical depth scaling for a shock passing through a pre-existing wind is consistent with the data. If the near-IR source is a chance superposition, the present-day source can be moderately more luminous, significantly more obscured and evolving more slowly. While we failed to detect X-ray emission, the X-ray flux limits are consistent with the present-day emissions being powered by an expanding shock wave. SN 2002bu is clearly a member of the SN 2008S class of transients, but continued monitoring of the evolution of the spectral energy distribution is needed to conclusively determine the nature of the transient.

Szczygiel, D. M.; Kochanek, C. S. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Dai, X. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks Street, Norman, OK 73019 (United States)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

112

Valence Band Structure of Highly Efficient p-type Thermoelectric PbTe-PbS Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New experimental evidence is given relevant to the temperature-dependence of valence band structure of PbTe and PbTe1-xSx alloys (0.04 x 0.12), and its effect on the thermoelectric figure of merit zT. The x = 0.08 sample has zT ~ 1.55 at 773K. The magnetic field dependence of the high-temperature Hall resistivity of heavily p-type (> 1019 cm-3) Na-doped PbTe1-xSx reveals the presence of high-mobility electrons. This put in question prior analyses of the Hall coefficient and the conclusion that PbTe would be an indirect gap semiconductor at temperatures where its zT is optimal. Possible origins for these electrons are discussed: they can be induced by photoconductivity, or by the topology of the Fermi surface when the L and -bands merge. Negative values for the low-temperature thermopower are also observed. Our data show that PbTe continues to be a direct gap semiconductor at temperatures where the zT and S2 of p-type PbTe are optimal e.g. 700-900K. The previously suggested temperature induced rapid rise in energy of the heavy hole LVB relative to the light hole UVB is not supported by the experimental data.

Jaworski, C. M. [Ohio State University; Nielsen, Mechele [Ohio State University; Wang, Hsin [ORNL; Girard, Steven N. [Northwestern University, Evanston; Cai, Wei [ORNL; Porter, Wallace D [ORNL; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. [Northwestern University, Evanston; Heremans, J. P. [Ohio State University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Jet Results in pp and Pb-Pb Collisions at ALICE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report results on jet production in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC from the ALICE collaboration. The jet cross section in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=2.76 TeV is presented, as well as the charged particle jet production cross section and measurements of the jet fragmentation and jet shape in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=7 TeV. NLO pQCD calculations and simulations from MC event generators agree well with the data. Measurements of jets with a resolution parameter $R$=0.2 in Pb-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s}_{NN}$=2.76 TeV show a strong, momentum dependent suppression in central events with respect to pp collisions. The centrality dependence of the suppression of charged particle jets relative to peripheral events is presented. The ratio of jet spectra with $R$=0.2 and $R$=0.3 is found to be similar in pp and Pb-Pb events. The analysis of the semi-inclusive distribution of charged particle jets recoiling from a high-$p_{\\rm T}$ trigger hadron allows an unbiased measurement of the jet structure for larger cone radii.

Oliver Busch for the ALICE collaboration

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

114

Life Prediction of Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu/ENIG and OSP Pb-Free Solder ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Therefore, in this study, we have predicted solder joints life of chip scale package (CSP) for automotive cabin electronics. For the experiment, 84 ball CSP was...

115

Aging Effects on the Microstructure, Surface Characteristics and Wettability of Cu Pretinned with Sn-Pb Solders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chairman, "Accelerated Aging for Solderability EvaluationsA Survey of Accelerated Aging Techniques for SolderableJ. K. ,andG. J. Davis,"Aging Solder hickness Solder lloy T

Linch, H.S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Measurements of the Electron-Helicity Dependent Cross Sections of Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering with CEBAF at 12 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose precision measurements of the helicity-dependent and helicity independent cross sections for the ep->epg reaction in Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) kinematics. DVCS scaling is obtained in the limits Q^2>>Lambda_{QCD}^2, x_Bj fixed, and -\\Delta^2=-(q-q')^22 GeV^2, W>2 GeV, and -\\Delta^21 GeV^2. We will use our successful technique from the 5.75 GeV Hall A DVCS experiment (E00-110). With polarized 6.6, 8.8, and 11 GeV beams incident on the liquid hydrogen target, we will detect the scattered electron in the Hall A HRS-L spectrometer (maximum central momentum 4.3 GeV/c) and the emitted photon in a slightly expanded PbF_2 calorimeter. In general, we will not detect the recoil proton. The H(e,e'g)X missing mass resolution is sufficient to isolate the exclusive channel with 3% systematic precision.

J. Roche; C. E. Hyde-Wright; B. Michel; C. Munoz Camacho

2006-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

117

Measurements of the Electron-Helicity Dependent Cross Sections of Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering with CEBAF at 12 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose precision measurements of the helicity-dependent and helicity independent cross sections for the ep->epg reaction in Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) kinematics. DVCS scaling is obtained in the limits Q^2>>Lambda_{QCD}^2, x_Bj fixed, and -\\Delta^2=-(q-q')^22 GeV^2, W>2 GeV, and -\\Delta^21 GeV^2. We will use our successful technique from the 5.75 GeV Hall A DVCS experiment (E00-110). With polarized 6.6, 8.8, and 11 GeV beams incident on the liquid hydrogen target, we will detect the scattered electron in the Hall A HRS-L spectrometer (maximum central momentum 4.3 GeV/c) and the emitted photon in a slightly expanded PbF_2 calorimeter. In general, we will not detect the recoil proton. The H(e,e'g)X missing mass resolution is sufficient to isolate the exclusive channel with 3% systematic precision.

Roche, J; Hyde-Wright, E; Gavalian, G; Amarian, M; Bltmann, S; Dodge, G E; Juengst, H; Lachniet, J; Radyushkin, A; Ulmer, P E; Weinstein, L B; Ball, J; Bertin, P Y; Brossard, M; De Masi, R; Garon, M; Girod, F X; Guidal, M; MacCormick, M; Mazouz, M; Niccolai, S; Pire, B; Procureur, S; Sabatie, F; Voutier, E; Wallon, S; Muoz Camacho, C; Camsonne, A; Chen, J P; Chudakov, E; Deur, A; Gaskell, D; Higinbotham, D; De Jager, C; Le Rose, J; Hansen, O; Michaels, R; Nanda, S; Saha, A; Stepanyan, S; Wojtsekhowski, B; Markowitz, P E C; Zheng, X; Gilman, R; Jiang, X; Kuchina, E; Ransome, R; Deshpande, Abhay A; Liyanage, N; Choi, S; Kang, H; Lee, B; Yumin, Oh; Jongsog, S; Sirca, S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Measurements of the Electron-Helicity Dependent Cross Sections of Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering with CEBAF at 12 GeV  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We propose precision measurements of the helicity-dependent and helicity independent cross sections for the ep {yields} ep{gamma} reaction in Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) kinematics. DVCS scaling is obtained in the limits Q{sup 2} >> {Lambda}{sub QCD}{sup 2}, x{sub Bj} fixed, and -{Delta}{sup 2} = -(q-q{prime}){sup 2} << Q{sup 2}. We consider the specific kinematic range Q{sup 2} > 2 GeV{sup 2}, W > 2 GeV, and -{Delta}{sup 2} {le} 1 GeV{sup 2}. We will use our successful technique from the 5.75 GeV Hall A DVCS experiment (E00-110). With polarized 6.6, 8.8, and 11 GeV beams incident on the liquid hydrogen target, we will detect the scattered electron in the Hall A HRS-L spectrometer (maximum central momentum 4.3 GeV/c) and the emitted photon in a slightly expanded PbF{sub 2} calorimeter. In general, we will not detect the recoil proton. The H(e,e{prime}{gamma})X missing mass resolution is sufficient to isolate the exclusive channel with 3% systematic precision.

J. Roche; C. E. Hyde-Wright; B. Michel; C. Munoz Camacho; et al. (The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration)

2006-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

119

Waveguide Electroabsorption Modulator on Si Employing Ge/SiGe Quantum Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waveguide Electroabsorption Modulator on Si Employing Ge/SiGe Quantum Wells Onur Fidaner, Ali K. 2007 Optical Society of America OCIS codes: (230.4110) Modulators ; (230.5590) Quantum-well devices Low wells opened up the possibility of realizing small and power-efficient electroabsorption modulators

Miller, David A. B.

120

Pb-Free Solders for Flip-Chip Interconnections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the Sn-3.5Ag solder theCu6Sn5 is present due to the dissolution of some of the .... Silicon wafers with aluminum daisy chain test structures were bumped with ... 4 parts glycerol +1 part acetic acid +1part nitric acid at 80C for a few seconds...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

Temperature dependent band offsets in PbSe/PbEuSe quantum well heterostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The band offsets of PbSe/Pb{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}Se multi-quantum wells grown by molecular beam epitaxy are determined as a function of temperature and europium content using temperature-modulated differential transmission spectroscopy. The confined quantum well states in the valence and conduction bands are analyzed using a k{center_dot}p model with envelope function approximation. From the fit of the experimental data, the normalized conduction band offset is determined as 0.45{+-}0.15 of the band gap difference, independently of Eu content up to 14% and temperature from 20 to 300 K.

Simma, M.; Bauer, G.; Springholz, G. [Institut fuer Halbleiter und Festkoerperphysik, Johannes Kepler Universitaet, A-4040 Linz (Austria)

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

122

GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Place Wilmington, North Carolina Zip 28402 Sector Efficiency, Services Product GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy develops advanced light water reactors and offers products and services used by operators of boiling water reactor (BWR) nuclear power plants to improve efficiency and boost output. Coordinates 42.866922°, -72.868494° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.866922,"lon":-72.868494,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

123

GE Lighting Solutions: Order (2013-SE-4901) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Order (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Order (2013-SE-4901) April 4, 2013 DOE ordered General Electric Lighting Solutions, LLC to pay a 5,360 civil penalty after finding GE...

124

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GE CORPORATE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (GE-CRD)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CORPORATE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (GE-CRD) CORPORATE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (GE-CRD) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC07- 96ID13406; W(A)-96-004; CH-0894 The Petitioner, GE Corporate Research & Development (GE-CRD) has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above referenced cooperative agreement entitled "Electric Vehicle Program - Ultracapacitor/Battery Electronic Interface Project." The objective of the cooperative agreement is to develop prototype electronic interface hardware to verify the design of the power electronics and basic control strategy for an advanced electric vehicle drive line that uses ultracapacitors to load level the main storage battery. The

125

AQUEOUS Pb REDUCTION IN Pb-CONTAMINATED SOILS BY FLORIDA PHOSPHATE ROCKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

battery-cracking site in situ using a phosphate additive costs as little as $55 Mg-1 soil (Showdhury et al and kinetics of reactions between PR and soils. Our results demonstrate that PR has a potential to cost sample, obtained from a former battery-cracking site in Florida, had Pb concentra- tions up to 135 000 mg

Ma, Lena

126

Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects. Sponsorship. Organizer(s), Thomas R. Bieler ,...

127

Biosorption Characteristics of Pb(II) from Aqueous Solution onto ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Poplar cotton, a cellulosic material, was found to adsorb the metals ions effectively. In present study, the biosorption characteristics of Pb(II) onto...

128

Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Pb-Free Solders and Next Generation Interconnects. Sponsorship, MS&T...

129

Studies of nuclei close to {sup 132}Sn using single-neutron transfer reactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutron transfer reactions were performed in inverse kinematics using radioactive ion beams of {sup 132}Sn, {sup 130}Sn, and {sup 134}Te and deuterated polyethylene targets. Preliminary results are presented. The Q-value spectra for {sup 133}Sn, {sup 131}Sn and {sup 135}Te reveal a number of previously unobserved peaks. The angular distributions are compatible with the expected lf{sub 7/2} nature of the ground state of {sup 133}Sn, and 2p{sub 3/2} for the 3.4 MeV state in {sup 131}Sn.

Jones, K. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 (United States); Pain, S. D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 (United States); Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Kozub, R. L.; Howard, J. A.; O'Malley, P. D.; Paulauskas, S. V.; Shriner, J. F.; Sissom, D. J. [Department of Physics, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, TN 38505 (United States); Adekola, A. S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Bardayan, D. W.; Blackmon, J. C.; Liang, J. F.; Nesaraja, C. D.; Shapira, D.; Smith, M. S. [Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Catford, W. N.; Harlin, C.; Patterson, N. P.; Swan, T. P.; Wilson, G. L. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH (United Kingdom)] (and others)

2009-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

130

Observation of beta decay of In-115 to the first excited level of Sn-115  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the context of the LENS R&D solar neutrino project, the gamma spectrum of a sample of metallic indium was measured using a single experimental setup of 4 HP-Ge detectors located underground at the Gran Sasso National Laboratories (LNGS), Italy. A gamma line at the energy (497.48 +/- 0.21) keV was found that is not present in the background spectrum and that can be identified as a gamma quantum following the beta decay of In-115 to the first excited state of Sn-115 (9/2+ --> 3/2+). This decay channel of In-115, which is reported here for the first time, has an extremely low Q-value, Q = (2 +/- 4) keV, and has a much lower probability than the well-known ground state-ground state transition, being the branching ratio b = (1.18 +/- 0.31) 10^-6. This could be the beta decay with the lowest known Q-value. The limit on charge non-conserving beta decay of In-115 is set at 90% C.L. as tau > 4.1 10^20 y.

C. M. Cattadori; M. De Deo; M. Laubenstein; L. Pandola; V. I. Tretyak

2004-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

131

Amorphous Hierarchical Porous GeOx as High-Capacity Anodes for LiIon Batteries with Very Long Cycling Life  

SciTech Connect

Many researchers have focused in recent years on resolving the crucial problem of capacity fading in Li ion batteries when carbon anodes are replaced by other group-IV elements (Si, Ge, Sn) with much higher capacities. Some progress was achieved by using different nanostructures (mainly carbon coatings), with which the cycle numbers reached 100-200. However, obtaining longer stability via a simple process remains challenging. Here we demonstrate that a nanostructure of amorphous hierarchical porous GeO{sub x} whose primary particles are {approx}3.7 nm diameter has a very stable capacity of {approx}1250 mA h g{sup -1} for 600 cycles. Furthermore, we show that a full cell coupled with a Li(NiCoMn){sub 1/3}O{sub 2} cathode exhibits high performance.

Wang, X.L.; Han, W.-Q.; Chen, H.; Bai, J.; Tyson, T.A.; Yu, X.-Q.; Wang, X.-J.; Yang, X.-Q.

2011-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

132

Sn/SnOx Core-Shell Nanospheres: Synthesis, Anode Performance in Li Ion Batteries, and Superconductivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sn/SnO{sub x} core?shell nanospheres have been synthesized via a modified polyol process. Their size can be readily controlled by tuning the usage of surface stabilizers and the temperature. Anode performance in Li ion batteries and their superconducting properties is detailed. As anode materials, 45 nm nanospheres outperform both larger and smaller ones. Thus, they exhibit a capacity of about 3443 mAh cm{sup -3} and retain about 88% of after 10 cycles. We propose a model based on the microstructural evolution to explain the size impact on nanosphere performance. Magnetic measurements indicate that the nanospheres become superconducting below the transition temperature T{sub C} = 3.7 K, which is similar to the value obtained in bulk tin. Although T{sub C} does not significantly change with the size of the Sn core, we determined that the critical field H{sub C} of nanospheres can be as much as a factor of 30 larger compared to the bulk value. Alternating current measurements demonstrated that a transition from conventional to filamentary superconducting structure occurs in Sn/SnO{sub x} particles as their size increases. The transition is determined by the relationship between the particle size and the magnetic field penetration depth.

Wang, X.L.; Feygenson, M.; Aronson, M.C.; Han, W.-Q.

2010-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

133

GE Wind Energy Germany | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name GE Wind Energy Germany Place Salzbergen, Germany Zip 48499 Sector Wind energy Product Germany-based, division of GE Wind Energy wind turbine manufacturer and supplier. Coordinates 52.323136°, 7.347278° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":52.323136,"lon":7.347278,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

134

The 115 GeV Higgs Odyssey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On his way home from Troy, Odysseus had arrived within reach of Ithaca when a great storm blew up. He was swept away, and only several years later was he able to return to reclaim his rights from the rapacious suitors, with the aid of his son Telemachus. Some wonder whether this epic is repeating itself, if the Higgs weighs 115 GeV. If so, are CMS and ATLAS cast in the role of Telemachus? In this paper, I first discuss how close to Ithaca LEP may have been, the fact that a 115 GeV Higgs boson would disfavour technicolour, its potential implications for supersymmetry, and finally the prospects for completing the Higgs Odyssey.

John Ellis

2000-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

135

The 115 GeV Higgs Odyssey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On his way home from Troy, Odysseus had arrived within reach of Ithaca when a great storm blew up. He was swept away, and only several years later was he able to return to reclaim his rights from the rapacious suitors, with the aid of his son Telemachus. Some wonder whether this epic is repeating itself, if the Higgs weighs 115 GeV. If so, are CMS and ATLAS cast in the role of Telemachus? In this paper, I first discuss how close to Ithaca LEP may have been, the fact that a 115 GeV Higgs boson would disfavour technicolour, its potential implications for supersymmetry, and finally the prospects for completing the Higgs Odyssey.

Ellis, Jonathan Richard

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Booster 6-GeV study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since a wider aperture has been obtained along the Booster beam line, this opens the opportunity for Booster running a higher intensity beam than ever before. Sooner or later, the available RF accelerating voltage will become a new limit for the beam intensity. Either by increasing the RFSUM or by reducing the accelerating rate can achieve the similar goal. The motivation for the 6-GeV study is to gain the relative accelerating voltage via a slower acceleration.

Yang, Xi; Ankenbrandt, Charles M.; Pellico, William A.; Lackey, James; Padilla, Rene; /Fermilab; Norem, J.; /Argonne

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Booster 6-GeV study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wider aperture, which has been obtained along the Booster beam line recently, brings the opportunity to run beams with the intensity higher than ever before. Sooner or later, the available RF accelerating voltage will become a new limit for the beam intensity. Extra accelerating voltages can be achieved either by increasing the RFSUM or by reducing the accelerating rate via a slower acceleration, and this motivates the 6-GeV study.

Yang, Xi; Ankenbrandt, Charles M.; Pellico, William A.; Lackey, James; Padilla, Rene; /Fermilab; Norem, James; /Argonne

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A Second UV "Light Bulb" behind the SN 1006 Remnant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A point X-ray source located 9 arcmin northeast of the center of SN~1006 has been spectroscopically identified as a background QSO, with a redshift of 0.335. The object is moderately bright, with magnitude V=18.3. If its ultraviolet spectrum is typical of low-z quasars, this object will be a second (after the Schweizer-Middleditch star) source to use for absorption spectroscopy of material within SN 1006. Absorption spectra provide a unique probe for unshocked ejecta within this supernova remnant, and can possibly solve the long-standing problem of "missing" iron in the remnants of Type Ia supernovae.

Winkler, P F; Long, Knox S.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

A Second UV "Light Bulb" behind the SN 1006 Remnant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A point X-ray source located 9 arcmin northeast of the center of SN~1006 has been spectroscopically identified as a background QSO, with a redshift of 0.335. The object is moderately bright, with magnitude V=18.3. If its ultraviolet spectrum is typical of low-z quasars, this object will be a second (after the Schweizer-Middleditch star) source to use for absorption spectroscopy of material within SN 1006. Absorption spectra provide a unique probe for unshocked ejecta within this supernova remnant, and can possibly solve the long-standing problem of "missing" iron in the remnants of Type Ia supernovae.

P. Frank Winkler; Knox S. Long

1997-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

140

Aluminum-stabilized Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent discloses an aluminum-stabilized Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductor and process for producing same, utilizing ultrapure aluminum. Ductile components are co-drawn with aluminum to produce a conductor suitable for winding magnets. After winding, the conductor is heated to convert it to the brittle Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductor phase, using a temperature high enough to perform the transformation but still below the melting point of the aluminum. This results in reaction of substantially all of the niobium, while providing stabilization and react-in-place features which are beneficial in the fabrication of magnets utilizing superconducting materials.

Scanlan, R.M.

1984-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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141

Aluminum-stabilized Nb[sub 3]Sn superconductor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are an aluminum-stabilized Nb[sub 3]Sn superconductor and process for producing same, utilizing ultrapure aluminum. Ductile components are co-drawn with aluminum to produce a conductor suitable for winding magnets. After winding, the conductor is heated to convert it to the brittle Nb[sub 3]Sn superconductor phase, using a temperature high enough to perform the transformation but still below the melting point of the aluminum. This results in reaction of substantially all of the niobium, while providing stabilization and react-in-place features which are beneficial in the fabrication of magnets utilizing superconducting materials. 4 figs.

Scanlan, R.M.

1988-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

142

Chapter 6: Chronology Pb Sources and Pathways...............................................................48  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

catchment, the first part of this chapter gives a brief account of the origins of 210 Pb fallout and its Fallout 210 Pb derives from the radioactive decay (Fig. 6.1) of gaseous radon-222 (222 Rn) (t1/2 = 3.8 d of fallout may however vary from place to place by an order of magnitude, depending on factors

Short, Daniel

143

Test Results for HD1, a 16 Tesla Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design and Fabrication ofa 16 Tesla Nb 3 Sn Dipole Magnet",Test Results for HD 1, a 16 Tesla Nb 3 Sn Dipole Magnet A.F.and bore fields above 16 Tesla. II. MAGNET FEATURES AND TEST

Lietzke, A.F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Dilute magnetic semiconductor Cu2FeSnS4 nanocrystals with a novel zincblende structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diluted magnetic semiconductor Cu2FeSnS4 nanocrystals with a novel zincblende structure have been successfully synthesized by a hot-injection approach. Cu+, Fe2+, and Sn4+ ions occupy the same position in the ...

Xiaolu Liang; Xianhua Wei; Daocheng Pan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

An optimistic CoGeNT analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inspired by a recently proposed model of millicharged atomic dark matter (MADM), we analyze several classes of light dark matter models with respect to CoGeNT modulated and unmodulated data, and constraints from CDMS, XENON10 and XENON100. After removing the surface contaminated events from the original CoGeNT data set, we find an acceptable fit to all these data (but with the modulating part of the signal making a statistically small contribution), using somewhat relaxed assumptions about the response of the null experiments at low recoil energies, and postulating an unknown modulating background in the CoGeNT data at recoil energies above 1.5 keVee. We compare the fits of MADM---an example of inelastic magnetic dark matter---to those of standard elastically and inelastically scattering light WIMPs (eDM and iDM). The iDM model gives the best fit, with MADM close behind. The dark matter interpretation of the DAMA annual modulation cannot be made compatible with these results however. We find that the inclusion of a tidal debris component in the dark matter phase space distribution improves the fits or helps to relieve tension with XENON constraints.

James M. Cline; Zuowei Liu; Wei Xue

2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

146

Thermoelectric properties of n-type PbSe revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It was recently predicted \\cite{parker} and experimentally confirmed \\cite{sny_PbSe} that $p$-type PbSe would be a good thermoelectric material. Recent experimental work \\cite{pers2} now suggests that $n$-type PbSe can also be a good thermoelectric material. We now re-examine the thermoelectric performance of PbSe with a revised approximation which improves band gap accuracy. We now find that $n$-type PbSe {\\it can} be a high performance material, with thermopowers as high in magnitude as 250 $\\mu$V/K at 1000 K and 300 $\\mu$V/K at 800 K. Optimal 1000 K $n$-type doping ranges are between 2 $\\times 10^{19}$cm$^{-3}$ and 8 $\\times 10^{19}$cm$^{-3}$, while at 800 K the corresponding range is from 7 $\\times$10$^{18}$ to 4 $\\times $10$^{19}$ cm$^{-3}$.

Parker, David S [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL; Ren, Zhifeng [Boston College, Chestnut Hill; Zhang, Qinyong [Xihua University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Prompt Gamma Rays in {sup 77}Ge after Neutron Capture on {sup 76}Ge  

SciTech Connect

The observation of neutrinoless double beta decay would be proof of the Majorana nature of the neutrino. Half-lives for these decays are very long (for {sup 76}Ge:>10{sup 25} y), so background reduction and rejection is the major task for double beta experiments. The GERDA (GERmanium Detector Array) experiment at the Gran Sasso Laboratory of the INFN (LNGS) searches for neutrinoless double beta decay of {sup 76}Ge. The isotope {sup 76}Ge is an ideal candidate because it can be used as source and detector at the same time. A large remaining contribution to the background arises from the prompt gamma cascade after neutron capture by {sup 76}Ge followed by {beta}{sup -}-decay of {sup 77}Ge. Since the prompt gamma decay scheme is poorly known, measurements with isotopically enriched Germanium samples were carried out at the PGAA facility at the research reactor FRM II (Munich). With the known prompt gamma spectrum it will be possible to improve the overall veto efficiency of the GERDA experiment.

Meierhofer, Georg; Grabmayr, Peter; Jochum, Josef [Physikalisches Institut, Eberhard Karls Universitaet Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Canella, Lea [Institut fuer Radiochemie, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Walther-Meissner-Str. 3, 85748 Garching (Germany); Jolie, Jan; Kudejova, Petra; Warr, Nigel [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, 50937 Cologne (Germany)

2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

148

Thermodynamic Model for SnO2(cr) and SnO2(am) Solubility in the Aqueous Na+-H+ -OH- -Cl- -H2O System  

SciTech Connect

The solubility of SnO2(cassiterite) was studied at 23 ? 2?C as functions of time (7 49 days) and pH value (0-14.5). Steady state concentrations were reached in < 7 days. The data were interpreted using the SIT model. The data shows that SnO2(cassiterite) is the stable phase at pH values of < ~11.7. These extensive data provided a log10 K0 value of -64.39 0.30 for the reaction (SnO2(cassiterite) + 2H2O = Sn4+ + 4OH-) and values of 1.86 0.30, ? -0.62, -9.20 0.34, and -20.28 0.34 for the reaction (Sn4+ + nH2O = Sn(OH)n4-n + nH+) with values of n equal to 1, 4, 5, and 6 respectively. These thermodynamic hydrolysis constants were used to reinterpret the extensive literature data for SnO2(am) solubility, which provided a log10 K0 value of -61.80 0.29 for the reaction (SnO2(am) + 2H2O = Sn4+ + 4OH-). SnO2(cassiterite) is unstable under highly alkaline conditions (NaOH concentrations > 0.003 mol.dm-3) and transforms to a double salt of SnO2 and NaOH. Although additional well-focused studies will be required for confirmation, the experimental data in the highly alkaline region (0.003 to 3.5 mol.dm-3 NaOH) can be well described with log10 K0 of -5.29 0.35 for the reaction (Na2Sn(OH)6(s) = Na2Sn(OH)6(aq)).

Rai, Dhanpat; Yui, Mikazu; Schaef, Herbert T.; Kitamura, Akira

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Outer Sphere Adsorption of Pb(II)EDTA on Goethite  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

FTIR and EXAFS spectroscopic measurements were performed on Pb(II)EDTA adsorbed on goethite as functions of pH (4-6), Pb(II)EDTA concentration (0.11 {micro}M - 72 {micro}M), and ionic strength (16 {micro}M - 0.5M). FTIR measurements show no evidence for carboxylate-Fe(III) bonding or protonation of EDTA at Pb:EDTA = 1:1. Both FTIR and EXAFS measurements suggest that EDTA acts as a hexadentate ligand, with all four of its carboxylate and both amine groups bonded to Pb(II). No evidence was observed for inner-sphere Pb(II)-goethite bonding at Pb:EDTA = 1:1. Hence, the adsorbed complexes should have composition Pb(II)EDTA{sup 2{minus}}. Since substantial uptake of PbEDTA(II){sup 2{minus}} occurred in the samples, we infer that Pb(II)EDTA{sup 2{minus}} adsorbed as outer-sphere complexes and/or as complexes that lose part of their solvation shells and hydrogen bond directly to goethite surface sites. We propose the term ''hydration-sphere'' for the latter type of complexes because they should occupy space in the primary hydration spheres of goethite surface functional groups, and to distinguish this mode of sorption from common structural definitions of inner- and outer-sphere complexes. The similarity of Pb(II) uptake isotherms to those of other divalent metal ions complexed by EDTA suggests that they too adsorb by these mechanisms. The lack of evidence for inner-sphere EDTA-Fe(III) bonding suggests that previously proposed metal-ligand - promoted dissolution mechanisms should be modified, specifically to account for the presence of outer-sphere precursor species.

Bargar, John R

1999-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

150

Enhanced photoluminescence from free-standing microstructures fabricated on MBE grown PbSe-PbSrSe MQW structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fabrication of microrods from multi-quantum well (MQW) PbSe-PbSrSe structure grown in molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) followed by its morphological as well as optical characterizations are described. Pulsed PL intensity is increased by 64 times per unit ... Keywords: MBE, MQW microrod, MQW microtube, Photoluminescence, SEM

S. Mukherjee; S. Jain; F. Zhao; J. P. Kar; D. Li; Z. Shi

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Reactive dc magnetron sputtering of (GeO{sub x}-SiO{sub 2}) superlattices for Ge nanocrystal formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The motivation of this work is the tailored growth of Ge nanocrystals for photovoltaic applications. The use of superlattices provides a reliable method to control the Ge nanocrystal size after phase separation. In this paper, we report on the deposition of (GeO{sub x}-SiO{sub 2}) superlattices via reactive dc magnetron sputtering and the self-ordered Ge nanocrystal formation during subsequent annealing. Attention is directed mainly to define proper deposition conditions for tuning the GeO{sub x} composition between elemental Ge (x=0) and GeO{sub 2} (x=2) by the variation in the deposition temperature and the oxygen partial pressure. A convenient process window has been found which allows sequential GeO{sub x}-SiO{sub 2} deposition without changing the oxygen partial pressure during deposition. The phase separation and Ge nanocrystal formation after subsequent annealing were investigated with in situ x-ray scattering, Raman spectroscopy, and electron microscopy. By these methods the existence of 2-5 nm Ge nanocrystals at annealing temperatures of 600-750 deg. C has been confirmed which is within the superlattice stability range. The technique used allows the fabrication of superlattice stacks with very smooth interfaces (roughnessnanocrystal layers could be separated by very thin SiO{sub 2} films (d<3 nm) which offers interesting possibilities for charge transport via direct tunneling.

Zschintzsch, M.; Jeutter, N. M.; Borany, J. von; Krause, M.; Muecklich, A. [Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Forschungszentrum Dresden Rossendorf e.V., P.O. Box 51 01 19, 01314 Dresden (Germany)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy Americas LLC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This letter provides information concerning the evaluation now completed by GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy (GEH) regarding a potential non-conservatism in the calculation of Main Steam Line (MSL) choked flow rates. As stated herein, GEH has concluded that this is not a Reportable Condition for all U.S. BWR/2-6 plants in accordance with the requirements of 10 CFR 21.21(d). This letter closes the supplemental 60-Day Interim Report Notification (MFN 12-111 R1), provided on December 12, 2102, per 21.21(a)(2). If you have any questions, please call me at (910) 819-4491. Sincerely,

Dale E. Porter; Dale E. Porter; S. S. Philpott; S. J. Pannier

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Muon interactions at 490 GeV  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

E665 is a new, high-energy muon scattering experiment at Fermilab. Data were taken with a 490 GeV muon beam incident on deuterium, hydrogen, and xenon targets during the 1987--88 fixed target run. These data are being analyzed with various physics objectives in mind, and a number of preliminary results have been obtained. This paper presents four of results, specifically the small {chi}{sub Bj} ratio of xenon and deuterium cross sections, inclusive hadron distributions, two jet signals, and exclusive {rho}{sup 0} production.

Schmitt, M. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA) Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (USA))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

GE Uses DOE Advanced Light Sources to Develop Revolutionary Battery  

Office of Science (SC) Website

GE Uses DOE Advanced Light Sources to Develop GE Uses DOE Advanced Light Sources to Develop Revolutionary Battery Technology Discovery & Innovation Stories of Discovery & Innovation Brief Science Highlights SBIR/STTR Highlights Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 06.13.11 GE Uses DOE Advanced Light Sources to Develop Revolutionary Battery Technology Company is constructing a new battery factory in Upstate New York that is expected to create 300+ jobs. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo GE's new Image courtesy of GE GE's new "Durathon(tm)" sodium metal halide battery. The story of American manufacturing over the past two decades has too often been a tale of outsourcing, off-shoring, and downsizing-not least in

155

Large-Scale Calculations of the Double-Beta Decay of 76Ge, 130Te, 136Xe, and 150Nd in the Deformed Self-Consistent Skyrme Quasiparticle Random-Phase Approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the axially-deformed Skyrme Quasiparticle Random-Phase Approximation (QRPA) together with the SkM* energy-density functional, both as originally presented and with the time-odd part adjusted to reproduce the Gamow-Teller resonance energy in 208Pb, to calculate the matrix elements governing the neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge, 130Te, 136Xe, and 150Nd. Our matrix elements in 130Te and 136Xe are significantly smaller than those of previous QRPA calculations, primarily because of the difference in pairing or deformation between the initial and final nuclei. In 76Ge and 150Nd our results are similar to those of less computationally intensive QRPA calculations. We suspect the 76Ge result, however, because we are forced to use a spherical ground-state, even though the HFB indicates a deformed minimum.

M. T. Mustonen; J. Engel

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

156

Formation of NiGe through germanium oxide on Ge(001) substrate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Germanium based devices are of interest due to their performance potential. The use of germanium as source and drain requires low resistance access achieved by the formation of germanide (metal-germanium compound). The nickel mono-germanide (NiGe) is ...

F. Nemouchi, V. Carron, J. L. LBR, L. Vandroux, Y. Morand, T. Morel, J. P. Barnes

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Charged-particle multiplicities in e sup + e sup minus annihilations at radical s =50--61. 4 GeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the charged-particle multiplicity distributions for {ital e}{sup +}{ital e}{sup {minus}} annihilation at center-of-mass energies from 50 to 61.4 GeV. The results are based on a data sample corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 30 pb{sup {minus}1} obtained with the AMY detector at the KEK storage ring TRISTAN. The charged-particle multiplicity distributions deviate significantly from the modified Poisson and pair Poisson distributions, but follow Koba-Nielsen-Olesen scaling and are well reproduced by the LUND parton-shower model.

Zheng, H.W.; Perez, P.; Auchincloss, P.; Blanis, D.; Bodek, A.; Budd, H.; Eno, S.; Fry, C.A.; Harada, H.; Ho, Y.H.; Kim, Y.K.; Kumita, T.; Mori, T.; Olsen, S.L.; Shaw, N.M.; Sill, A.; Thorndike, E.H.; Ueno, K.; Imlay, R.; Kirk, P.; Lim, J.; McNeil, R.R.; Metcalf, W.; Myung, S.S.; Cheng, C.P.; Gu, P.; Li, J.; Li, Y.K.; Ye, M.H.; Zhu, Y.C.; Abashian, A.; Gotow, K.; Hu, K.P.; Low, E.H.; Mattson, M.E.; Piilonen, L.; Sterner, K.L.; Lusin, S.; Rosenfeld, C.; Wang, A.T.M.; Wilson, S.; Frautschi, M.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Trahern, C.G.; Breedon, R.E.; Kim, G.N.; Ko, W.; Lander, R.L.; Maeshima, K.; Malchow, R.L.; Smith, J.R.; Stuart, D.; Abe, K.; Fujii, Y.; Higashi, Y.; Kim, S.K.; Kurihara, Y.; Maki, A.; Nozaki, T.; Omori, T.; Sagawa, H.; Sakai, Y.; Sugimoto, Y.; Takaiwa, Y.; Terada, S.; Walker, R.; Kajino, F.; Perticone, D.; Poling, R.; Thomas, T.; Ishi, Y.; Miyano, K.; Miyata, H.; Sasaki, T.; Yamashita, Y.; Bacala, A.; Liu, J.; Park, I.H.; Sannes, F.; Schnetzer, S.; Stone, R.; Vinson, J.; Koba; The AMY Collaboration

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Electroactive complex in thermally treated Ge-Si crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown by Hall measurements that quenching complexly doped Ge{sub 1-x}Si{sub x} (0 { crystals with copper.

Azhdarov, G. Kh., E-mail: zangi@physics.ab.az [Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan); Zeynalov, Z. M. [Ganja State University (Azerbaijan); Zakhrabekova, Z. M. [Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan); Kyazimova, A. I. [Ganja State University (Azerbaijan)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

159

Titan Propels GE Wind Turbine Research into New Territory | ornl...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(ALCC) award, GE is using the hybrid CPUGPU Cray XK7 Titan supercomputer managed by the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to...

160

GE Appliances: Order (2010-CE-2113) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Order (2010-CE-2113) GE Appliances: Order (2010-CE-2113) September 27, 2010 DOE issued an Order after entering into a Compromise Agreement with General Electric Appliances after...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

GE Wind Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Energy Wind Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name GE Wind Energy Place Atlanta, Georgia Zip GA 30339 Sector Wind energy Product GE's wind energy division, formed as a result of the purchase of almost all of Enron Wind Corporation's assets. Provides power plant design, engineering and site selection, as well as operation and maintenance. Coordinates 33.748315°, -84.391109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.748315,"lon":-84.391109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

162

Directed flow of charged particles at mid-rapidity relative to the spectator plane in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt{s_NN}=2.76 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The directed flow of charged particles at mid-rapidity is measured in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt{s_NN}=2.76 TeV relative to the collision plane defined by the spectator nucleons. Both, the rapidity odd (v_1^odd) and even (v_1^even) directed flow components are reported. The v_1^odd component has a negative slope as a function of pseudorapidity similar to that observed at the highest RHIC energy, but with about a three times smaller magnitude. The v^even component is found to be non-zero and independent of pseudorapidity. Both components show little dependence on the collision centrality and change sign at transverse momenta around 1.2-1.7 GeV/c for midcentral collisions. The shape of v_1^even as a function of transverse momentum and a vanishing transverse momentum shift along the spectator deflection for v_1^even are consistent with dipole-like initial density fluctuations in the overlap zone of the nuclei.

ALICE Collaboration

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

163

Performance Comparison of Nb3Sn Magnets at LBNL  

SciTech Connect

The Superconducting Magnet group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has been successfully developing Nb{sub 3}Sn high-field dipole magnet technology for the last ten years. Noteworthy magnet tests include D20 (50mm bore, 4-layer cos{theta}, 12.8 T, accelerator quality dipole), and recent racetrack dipoles: (1) RTI (2-layer, 12 T, no bore, no training), (2) RD3b (3-layer, 14.7 T, 10mm bore), (3) RD3c (3-layer, 10 T, low-harmonics 35mm bore), and (4) some small Nb{sub 3}Sn magnets that utilized new technology. The performance of these magnets is summarized, comparing (1) cable and magnet geometry parameters, (2) training behavior, (3) ramp rate sensitivity, (4) RRR measurements, (5) peak temperatures and voltages, and (6) fast flux adjustments that occur during ramping.

Chiesa, L.; Caspi, S.; Coccoli, M.; Dietderich, D.R.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S.A.; Hafalia, R.r.; Lietzke, A.F.; McInturff, A.D.; Sabbi, G.; Scanlan, R.M.

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Synthesis of SnO{sub 2} Nanoparticles Using Ultrasonication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of ultrasonic energy for chemical synthesis has recently become an interesting and growing area of research. Using this form of energy, we have synthesized nanoparticles of SnO{sub 2}(8-30 nm) at room temperature by a sonication assisted precipitation technique. In order to understand the effect of ultrasonic energy on particle size and their distribution, the precipitation time was varied during the preparation. A sonication time of 3 h was found to be optimum to produce SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles having size below 10 nm. We found that a gradual increase of the sonication time gradually decreases the particle size with interesting morphology and increased surface area. The butane sensing properties of the synthesized powders exhibited a direct influence of the sonication time on the sensing properties. A 3 h sonicated sample, exhibited a maximum response of around 98.88% towards 5000 ppm butane at 450 deg. C with a fast recovery time.

Majumdar, Sanhita; Devi, P. Sujatha [Nano-Structured Materials Division, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 196 Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700032 (India)

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

165

Suppression of bottomonia states in finite size quark gluon plasma in PbPb collisions at Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The bottomonium states due to their varying binding energies dissolve at different temperatures and thus their nuclear modification factors and relative yields have potential to map the properties of Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP). We estimate the suppression of bottomonia states due to color screening in an expanding QGP of finite lifetime and size with the conditions relevant for PbPb collisions at LHC. The properties of $\\Upsilon$ states and recent results on their dissociation temperatures have been used as ingredient in the study. The nuclear modification factors and the ratios of yields of $\\Upsilon$ states are then obtained as a function of transverse momentum and centrality. We compare our theoretical calculations with the bottomonia yields measured with CMS in PbPb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV. The model calculations explain the data very well.

A. Abdulsalam; Prashant Shukla

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

166

Novel approaches to low temperature transient liquid phase bonding in the In-Sn/Cu and In-Sn-Bi/Cu systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fluxless low temperature transient liquid phase (LTTLP) bonding process was studied as a method of producing Cu/Cu joints below 125C and 75C using interlayer alloys from the In-Sn and In-Sn-Bi systems. Using thermodynamic ...

Fischer, David S., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

THIRTY YEARS OF SN 1980K: EVIDENCE FOR LIGHT ECHOES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report optical and mid-infrared photometry of SN 1980K between 2004 and 2010, which shows slow monotonic fading consistent with previous spectroscopic and photometric observations made 8-17 yr after outburst. The slow rate of change over two decades suggests that this evolution may result from scattered and thermal light echoes off of extended circumstellar material. We present a semi-analytic dust radiative-transfer model that uses an empirically corrected effective optical depth to provide a fast and robust alternative to full Monte Carlo radiative-transfer modeling for homogenous dust at low to intermediate optical depths. We find that unresolved echoes from a thin circumstellar shell 14-15 lt-yr from the progenitor, and containing {approx}< 0.02 M{sub Sun} of carbon-rich dust, can explain the broadband spectral and temporal evolution. The size, mass, and dust composition are in good agreement with the contact discontinuity observed in scattered echoes around SN 1987A. The origin of slowly changing high-velocity [O I] and H{alpha} lines is also considered. We propose an origin in shocked high-velocity metal-rich clumps of ejecta, rather than arising in the impact of ejecta on slowly moving circumstellar material, as is the case with hot spots in SN 1987A.

Sugerman, Ben E. K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Goucher College, 1021 Dulaney Valley Road, Baltimore, MD 21208 (United States); Andrews, Jennifer E. [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, 710 North Pleasant Street, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Barlow, Michael J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Clayton, Geoffrey C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lousiana State University, 202 Nicholson Hall, Baton Roughe, LA 70803 (United States); Ercolano, Barbara [Excellence Cluster 'Universe', Universitaets-Sternwarte Muenchen, Scheinerstr. 1, 81679 Muenchen (Germany); Ghavamian, Parviz [Department of Physics, Astronomy and Geosciences, Towson University, Smith Hall, Towson, MD 21252 (United States); Kennicutt, Robert C. Jr. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CM3 0HA (United Kingdom); Krause, Oliver [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Meixner, Margaret [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Otsuka, Masaaki, E-mail: ben.sugerman@goucher.edu [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

168

H2S molecular beam passivation of Ge(001)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fundamental issue regarding the introduction of high-mobility Ge channels in CMOS circuits is the electrical passivation of the interface with the high-k gate dielectric. In this paper, we investigate the passivation of p-Ge(001) using molecular H"2S. ... Keywords: H2S, High- semiconductors, Molecular beam epitaxy, Passivation

C. Merckling; Y. C. Chang; C. Y. Lu; J. Penaud; M. El-Kazzi; F. Bellenger; G. Brammertz; M. Hong; J. Kwo; M. Meuris; J. Dekoster; M. M. Heyns; M. Caymax

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Ge epitaxial refill deposition techniques for fabricating pedestal transistor structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An etch-epitaxial refill technique is described for the fabrication of integrated high-speed Ge transistor structures having a pedestal configuration. The device areas surrounding 0.1 ohm-cm mesa structures were refilled with Ge having a resistivity ...

V. J. Silvestri; T. B. Light; H. N. Yu; A. Reisman

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Highly Active Pt(3)Pb and Core-Shell Pt(3)Pb-Pt Electrocatalysts for Formic Acid Oxidation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Formic acid is a promising chemical fuel for fuel cell applications. However, due to the dominance of the indirect reaction pathway and strong poisoning effects, the development of direct formic acid fuel cells has been impeded by the low activity of existing electrocatalysts at desirable operating voltage. We report the first synthesis of Pt{sub 3}Pb nanocrystals through solution phase synthesis and show they are highly efficient formic acid oxidation electrocatalysts. The activity can be further improved by manipulating the Pt{sub 3}Pb-Pt core-shell structure. Combined experimental and theoretical studies suggest that the high activity from Pt{sub 3}Pb and the Pt-Pb core-shell nanocrystals results from the elimination of CO poisoning and decreased barriers for the dehydrogenation steps. Therefore, the Pt{sub 3}Pb and Pt-Pb core-shell nanocrystals can improve the performance of direct formic acid fuel cells at desired operating voltage to enable their practical application.

Kang Y.; Stach E.; Qi L.; Li M.; Diaz R.E.; Su D.; Adzic R.R.; Li J.; Murray C.B.

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

171

Comparison Between Research-Grade SnO2 and Commercial Available SnO2 for Thin-Film CdTe Solar Cell (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A comparison between research-grade, tin-oxide (SnO{sub 2}) thin films and those available from commercial sources is performed. The research-grade SnO{sub 2} film is fabricated at NREL by low-pressure metal-organic chemical vapor deposition. The commercial SnO{sub 2} films are Pilkington Tec 8 and Tec 15 fabricated by atmospheric-pressure chemical vapor deposition. Optical, structural, and compositional analyses are performed. From the optical analysis, an estimation of the current losses due to the SnO{sub 2} layer and glass is provided. Our analysis indicates that the optical properties of commercial SnO{sub 2} could be improved for PV usage.

Li, X.; Pankow, J.; To, B.; Gessert, T.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Experimental determination of band offsets at the SnS/CdS and SnS/InS{sub x}O{sub y} heterojunctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The semidirect x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy technique was used to measure the band alignments at the interface of heterostructures based on SnS. The layers were deposited by electrochemical deposition (ECD), chemical bath deposition (CBD), or photochemical deposition (PCD). The following four kinds of heterojunctions were characterized. (1) ECD-SnS/PCD-CdS. (2) CBD-SnS/PCD-CdS. (3) ECD-SnS/ECD-InS{sub x}O{sub y}. (4) CBD-SnS/ECD-InS{sub x}O{sub y}. The valence band offsets {Delta}E{sub V} of those four heterojunctions are determined to be 1.34, 1.59, 0.77, and 0.74{+-}0.3 eV, respectively.

Abdel Haleem, A. M.; Ichimura, M. [Department of Engineering Physics, Electronics and Mechanics, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso, Showa, Nagoya 466-8555 (Japan)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

MU(& Ge-+v,  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

fil fil MU(& Ge-+v, . !d R&arch & Development b This document consists of 6 Contract Ho. pages and - . --------------_____---. figures No.--~--of.--~~-_-copies, Series,&,, This subcontract entered into this 20 day 0fSepte~ber , 1943, by and between the University of Cliicago, a corporation not for pecuniary profit organized under the ICVS of the Stnto of Illinois, of Chicago, Illinois (hereinafter called "the Contractor") and Yiolverine Tube Divisionof Caluzet 2 Eecla Consolidated Co;-,er co, . a cor?orntion organized under the laws cf the State of l~lch~;an - of Detroit, I:ichigan --- (hersinnftcr called "the Subcontractoi"). WIEHEAS, tho Contractor has heretofore onterod into a contract v;ith the United States of America (rcprcse;!tcd by its dtlly designated

174

3 GeV Injector Design Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Design Handbook is intended to be the main reference book for the specifications of the 3 GeV SPEAR booster synchrotron project. It is intended to be a consistent description of the project including design criteria, key technical specifications as well as current design approaches. Since a project is not complete till it's complete changes and modifications of early conceptual designs must be expected during the duration of the construction. Therefore, this Design Handbook is issued as a loose leaf binder so that individual sections can be replaced as needed. Each page will be dated to ease identification with respect to latest revisions. At the end of the project this Design Handbook will have become the 'as built' reference book of the injector for operations and maintenance personnel.

Wiedemann, H.; /SLAC, SSRL

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

175

GE Lighting Solutions: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-4901) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-4901) Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-4901) January 11, 2013 DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to General Electric Lighting Solutions finding that various models of traffic signal modules do not comport with the energy conservation standards. DOE determined the products were noncompliant based on the company's own testing. GE Lighting Solutions must immediately notify each person (or company) to whom GE Lighting Solutions distributed the noncompliant products that the products do not meet Federal standards. In addition, GE Lighting Solutions must provide to DOE documents and records showing the number of units GE Lighting Solutions distributed and to whom. The manufacturer

176

Secretary Chu Speaks at GE Solar Facility | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chu Speaks at GE Solar Facility Chu Speaks at GE Solar Facility Secretary Chu Speaks at GE Solar Facility November 18, 2011 - 1:19pm Addthis Secretary Steven Chu's remarks, as prepared for delivery, at the General Electric Solar Facility in Arvada, Colorado. Thank you, Fred [Seymour], for the introduction. GE is a leader in energy innovation. Thomas Edison, the father of GE, once said, "I'd put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power!" I imagine he would be amazed by the solar technology that is tested here. It's great to be in Colorado, a state that is at the forefront of the clean energy economy and has more solar jobs per capita than any other state[i]. I'm here at a critical time for America's energy future. It's a time of challenge, but it's also a time of opportunity.

177

GE Nucleus for Residential Energy Use Education, Home Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GE Nucleus for Residential Energy Use Education, Home Energy GE Nucleus for Residential Energy Use Education, Home Energy Management/Control, Residential Energy Integration Speaker(s): William Watts Date: August 4, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page Home Energy Gateways offer a single point of access to the AMI Smart Meter into the home. The Nucleus is GE's home energy management gateway. The GE Nucleus securely communicates to a Smart Meter and delivers real-time whole home energy consumption data for display to the Consumer. The Consumer is able to visualize their energy usage habits on a Client that is connected via TLS encryption to the WiFi or Ethernet interface of the Nucleus. The Nucleus records history of the consumer's usage and cost data for tracking of energy consumption habits. GE has a suite of Smart Appliances that

178

Polarized Proton Collisions at 205 GeV at RHIC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Brookhaven Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) has been providing collisions of polarized protons at a beam energy of 100 GeV since 2001. Equipped with two full Siberian snakes in each ring, polarization is preserved during acceleration from injection to 100 GeV. However, the intrinsic spin resonances beyond 100 GeV are about a factor of 2 stronger than those below 100 GeV making it important to examine the impact of these strong intrinsic spin resonances on polarization survival and the tolerance for vertical orbit distortions. Polarized protons were first accelerated to the record energy of 205 GeV in RHIC with a significant polarization measured at top energy in 2005. This Letter presents the results and discusses the sensitivity of the polarization survival to orbit distortions.

Bai, M.; Roser, T.; Ahrens, L.; Alessi, J.; Beebe-Wang, J.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Bravar, A.; Brennan, J.M.; Bruno, D.; Courant, E.; Drees, A.; Fischer, W.; Gardner, C.; Gill, R.; Glenn, J.; Huang, H.; Kewisch, J.; Luccio, A.; Luo, Y.; Pilat, F. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)] (and others)

2006-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

179

Black Ge Based on Crystalline/Amorphous Core/Shell Nanoneedle ...  

transmission electron microscope (TEM) image of a Ge NN ... are distinctly observed. (e) The EDS line pro?le reveals that the NN structure is pure Ge.

180

Superheating and supercooling of Ge nanocrystals embedded in SiO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and liquid Ge/matrix interface free energies govern thematrix, however, alters the interface free energy ofenergy, whereas the relative values of the solid Ge/matrix

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Ternary Phase Diagram of the Zn-Sn-P System for Fabrication of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First, we establish the phase diagram by equilibrium experiments using zinc, tin and their phosphides. At 700 C, ZnSnP2 is almost stoichiometry,...

182

Driving Force of EM-Induced Cu Dissolution in Cu-Sn Compound  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both forces would simultaneously result in Cu dissolution fluxes from the Cu-Sn ... Method of Selective Electroplating having Strong Adhesion and Exceptional...

183

High Energy Density Anode Materials Based on SiO-SnCo/FeC for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, High energy density anode material SiO-SnCoC is synthesized by mechanical alloying method and tested for lithium battery applications.

184

Neutron capture on 130Sn during r-process freeze-out  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the role of neutron capture on 130Sn during r-process freeze-out in the neutrino-driven wind environment of the core-collapse supernova. We find that the global r-process abundance pattern is sensitive to the magnitude of the neutron capture cross section of 130Sn. The changes to the abundance pattern include not only a relative decrease in the abundance of 130Sn and an increase in the abundance of 131Sn, but also a shift in the distribution of material in the rare earth and third peak regions.

J. Beun; J. C. Blackmon; W. R. Hix; G. C. McLaughlin; M. S. Smith; R. Surman

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

185

Low temperature epitaxial growth of Ge on cube- textured Ni  

SciTech Connect

Quasi- single crystal Ge films were grown on [001]<010> textured Ni substrate at a temperature of 350 oC using an insulating buffer layer of CaF2. A direct deposition of Ge on Ni at 350 oC was shown to alloy with Ni. From x- ray pole figure analysis, it was shown that Ge grew epitaxially with the same orientation as CaF2 and the dispersions in the out- of- plane and in- plane directions were found to be 1.7 0.1o and 6 1o, respectively. In the out- of- plane direction, Ge[111]||CaF2[111]||Ni[001]. In addition, the Ge consisted of four equivalent in- plane oriented domains such that two mutually orthogonal directions: Ge 211 and Ge 011 are parallel to mutually orthogonal directions: Ni 110 and Ni 110 , respectively of the Ni(001) surface. This was shown to be originated from the four equivalent in- plane oriented domains of CaF2 created to minimize the mismatch strain between CaF2 and Ni in those directions.

GIARE, C [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); Palazzo, J [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); Goyal, Amit [ORNL; WANG, G [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); LU, T [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

UThPbREE systematics of organic-rich shales from the ca. 2.15 Ga Sengoma Argillite Formation, Botswana: Evidence for oxidative continental weathering during  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U­Th­Pb­REE systematics of organic-rich shales from the ca. 2.15 Ga Sengoma Argillite Formation contains organic-rich shales deposited during the Great Oxidation Event. The slope of the 207 Pb/204 Pb­206 Pb/204 Pb array of shales from the Sengoma Argillite Formation corresponds to a Pb­Pb age

Bekker, Andrey

187

The Source of Airborne Lead: Recycling Pb-Contaminated Soils  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Source of Airborne Lead: Recycling The Source of Airborne Lead: Recycling Pb-Contaminated Soils Starting in the 1970s, federal regulatory control and eventual elimination of lead-based "anti-knock" additives in gasoline decreased the level of airborne Pb in the USA by two orders-of-magnitude [1]. Blood lead levels of the USA figure 1 Figure 1. The good, the bad, and the ugly. Ambient airborne particulate matter captured on filters of woven silica fiber (large strips) and TeflonTM (round). Clean fiber filter at bottom for comparison. Take a deep breath? population decreased correspondingly [2,3]. Despite this dramatic improvement in both exposure risk and body burden of Pb, the sources and health threat of the low levels of lead in our "unleaded" air remain topics

188

GeV Emission from Collisional Magnetized Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic fields may play a dominant role in gamma-ray bursts, and recent observations by the Fermi satellite indicate that GeV radiation, when detected, arrives delayed by seconds from the onset of the MeV component. Motivated by this, we discuss a magnetically dominated jet model where both magnetic dissipation and nuclear collisions are important. We show that, for parameters typical of the observed bursts, such a model involving a realistic jet structure can reproduce the general features of the MeV and a separate GeV radiation component, including the time delay between the two. The model also predicts a multi-GeV neutrino component.

P. Mszros; M. J. Rees

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

189

Search for Charged Higgs Bosons in e+e- Collisions at sqrts(s) = 189-209 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A search is made for charged Higgs bosons predicted by Two-Higgs-Doublet extensions of the Standard Model (2HDM) using electron-positron collision data collected by the OPAL experiment at sqrt(s)=189-209 GeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 600 pb-1. Charged Higgs bosons are assumed to be pair-produced and to decay into q qbar, tau nu or A W+-. No signal is observed. Model-independent limits on the charged Higgs-boson production cross section are derived by combining these results with previous searches at lower energies. Under the assumption BR(H+- -> tau nu) + BR(H+- -> qq)=1, motivated by general 2HDM type II models, excluded areas on the [m(H+-), BR(H+- -> tau nu)] plane are presented and charged Higgs bosons are excluded up to a mass of 76.3 GeV at 95% confidence level, independent of the branching ratio BR(H+- -> tau nu). A scan of the 2HDM type I model parameter space is performed and limits on the Higgs-boson masses m(H+-) and m(A) are presented for different choices of tan(beta).

The OPAL collaboration

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Probing the Failure Mechanism of SnO2 Nanowires for Sodium-ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect

Non-lithium metals such as sodium have attracted wide attention as a potential charge carrying ion for rechargeable batteries, performing the same role as lithium in lithium- ion batteries. As sodium and lithium have the same +1 charge, it is assumed that what has been learnt about the operation of lithium ion batteries can be transferred directly to sodium batteries. Using in-situ TEM, in combination with DFT calculations, we probed the structural and chemical evolution of SnO2 nanowire anodes in Na-ion batteries and compared them quantitatively with results from Li-ion batteries [Science 330 (2010) 1515]. Upon Na insertion into SnO2, a displacement reaction occurs, leading to the formation of amorphous NaxSn nanoparticles covered by crystalline Na2O shell. With further Na insertion, the NaxSn core crystallized into Na15Sn4 (x=3.75). Upon extraction of Na (desodiation), the NaxSn core transforms to Sn nanoparticles. Associated with a volume shrinkage, nanopores appear and metallic Sn particles are confined in hollow shells of Na2O, mimicking a peapod structure. These pores greatly increase electrical impedance, therefore naturally accounting for the poor cyclability of SnO2. DFT calculations indicate that Na+ diffuses 30 times slower than Li+ in SnO2, in agreement with in-situ TEM measurement. Insertion of Na can chemo-mechanically soften the reaction product to greater extent than in lithiation. Therefore, in contrast to the lithiation of SnO2, no dislocation plasticity was seen ahead of the sodiation front. This direct comparison of the results from Na and Li highlights the critical role of ionic size and electronic structure of different ionic species on the charge/discharge rate and failure mechanisms in these batteries.

Gu, Meng; Kushima, Akihiro; Shao, Yuyan; Zhang, Jiguang; Liu, Jun; Browning, Nigel D.; Li, Ju; Wang, Chong M.

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

191

ORNL Partners with GE on New Hybrid | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORNL Partners with GE on New Hybrid ORNL Partners with GE on New Hybrid September 02, 2011 Water Heater About 400 jobs will soon be created at a Louisville General Electric plant at which a new electric water heater will be built. The technology was developed through a collaboration between ORNL and GE. The appliance will meet the new Energy Star water heater program criteria, which require future heaters to be twice as efficient as an electric storage water heater, positioning GE to be the first company to meet the energy-saving standard. According to DOE, using devices that meet these criteria should save American households approximately $780 million. ORNL's Patrick Hughes said the water heater will benefit consumers with its energy efficiency as well as its cost savings. "It will give you as much hot water and have the same recovery times so you

192

GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Electric Appliances failed to certify a variety of dehumidifiers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) More Documents & Publications De'Longhi USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2114)

193

GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) March 5, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Electric Lighting Solutions manufactured and distributed noncompliant traffic signal modules in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) More Documents & Publications Act One: NPCP (2013-CE-49001) Excellence Opto: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-49002)

194

Crystal Lake - GE Energy Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GE Energy Wind Farm GE Energy Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Crystal Lake - GE Energy Wind Farm Facility Crystal Lake - GE Energy Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer NextEra Energy Resources Location IA Coordinates 43.194201°, -93.860521° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.194201,"lon":-93.860521,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

195

Northern Colorado Wind Energy Center (GE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Center (GE) Center (GE) Jump to: navigation, search Name Northern Colorado Wind Energy Center (GE) Facility Northern Colorado Wind Energy Center (GE) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Developer NextEra Energy Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Logan County CO Coordinates 40.974539°, -103.025336° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.974539,"lon":-103.025336,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

196

GE Nucleus for Residential Energy Use Education, Home Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GE Nucleus for Residential Energy Use Education, Home Energy ManagementControl, Residential Energy Integration Speaker(s): William Watts Date: August 4, 2011 - 12:00pm Location:...

197

Ge-on-Si laser operating at room temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monolithic lasers on Si are ideal for high-volume and large-scale electronicphotonic integration. Ge is an interesting candidate owing to its pseudodirect gap properties and compatibility with Si complementary metal oxide ...

Liu, Jifeng

198

Notrees 1B (GE Energy) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B (GE Energy) Wind Farm B (GE Energy) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Notrees 1B (GE Energy) Wind Farm Facility Notrees 1B (GE Energy) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Duke Energy Carolinas LLC Developer Duke Energy Carolinas LLC Location TX Coordinates 31.9685988°, -99.9018131° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.9685988,"lon":-99.9018131,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

199

Electric charge fluctuations in central Pb+Pb collisions at 20, 30, 40, 80 and 158 AGeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results are presented on event-by-event electric charge fluctuations in central Pb+Pb collisions at 20, 30, 40, 80 and 158 AGeV. The observed fluctuations are close to those expected for a gas of pions correlated by global charge conservation only. These fluctuations are considerably larger than those calculated for an ideal gas of deconfined quarks and gluons. The present measurements do not necessarily exclude reduced fluctuations from a quark-gluon plasma because these might be masked by contributions from resonance decays.

NA49 Collaboration

2004-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

200

Evidence for nuclear gluon shadowing from the ALICE measurements of PbPb ultraperipheral exclusive J/{\\psi} production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the recent ALICE measurements of exclusive J/{\\psi} production in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at 2.76 TeV provide the first direct experimental evidence for the strong nuclear gluon shadowing in lead at $x \\sim 10^{-3}$. The evidence is based on the comparison of the nuclear suppression factor S(x\\approx 0.001)=0.61^{+0.05}_{-0.04} found in the analysis of the coherent J/{\\psi} photoproduction cross sections measured by ALICE with the nuclear gluon shadowing predicted by the global fits of nuclear parton distributions and by the leading twist theory of nuclear shadowing.

Guzey, V; Strikman, M; Zhalov, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Multimuon production in 280 GeV ?+ iron interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented on dimuon and trimuon final states in 280 GeV ?+ iron interactions. Both dimuon and trimuon data show clear evidence for open charm production and suggest strongly that the dominant production process is photon?gluon fusion. Similar amounts of elastic and inelastic (shower energy ?5 GeV) J/? production are measured in the trimuon sample. Elastic J/? production is consistent with photon?gluon fusion plus naive assumptions. Inelastic J/? production is inconsistent with this simple model

The European Muon Collaboration

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Probing the Structure of {sup 74}Ge Nucleus with Coupled-channels Analysis of {sup 74}Ge+{sup 74}Ge Fusion Reaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the fusion reaction of the {sup 74}Ge+{sup 74}Ge system in term of the full order coupled-channels formalism. We especially calculated the fusion cross section as well as the fusion barrier distribution of this reaction using transition matrix suggested by recent Coulomb excitation experiment. We compare the results with the one obtained by coupling matrix based on pure vibrational and rotational models. The present coupled-channels calculations for the barrier distributions obtained using experiment coupling matrix is in good agreement with the one obtained with vibrational model, in contrast to the rotational model. This is indicates that {sup 74}Ge nucleus favor a spherical shape than a deformed shape in its ground state. Our results will resolve the debates concerning the structure of this nucleus.

Zamrun F, Muhammad [Deparment of Physics University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603 (Malaysia); Jurusan Fisika FMIPA, Universitas Haluoleo, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, 93232 (Indonesia); Kasim, Hasan Abu [Deparment of Physics University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603 (Malaysia)

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

203

Fabrication and thermoelectric properties of fine-grained TiNiSn compounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nearly single-phased TiNiSn half-Heusler compound thermoelectric materials were synthesized by combining mechanical alloying (MA) and spark plasma sintering (SPS) in order to reduce its thermal conductivity by refining the grain sizes. Although TiNiSn compound powders were not synthesized directly via MA, dense bulk samples of TiNiSn compound were obtained by the subsequent SPS treatment. It was found that an excessive Ti addition relative to the TiNiSn stoichiometry is effective in increasing the phase purity of TiNiSn half-Heusler phase in the bulk samples, by compensating for the Ti loss caused by the oxidation of Ti powders and MA processing. The maximum power factor value obtained in the Ti-compensated sample is 1720 muW m{sup -1} K{sup -2} at 685 K. A relatively high ZT value of 0.32 is achieved at 785 K for the present undoped TiNiSn compound polycrystals. - Graphical abstract: Nearly single-phased TiNiSn-based half-Heusler compound polycrystalline materials with fine grains were fabricated by combining mechanical alloying (MA) and spark plasma sintering (SPS). A high ZT value for undoped TiNiSn was obtained because of the reduced thermal conductivity.

Zou Minmin [State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Li Jingfeng, E-mail: jingfeng@mail.tsinghua.edu.c [State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Du Bing; Liu Dawei [State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Kita, Takuji [Advanced Material Engineering Division, Vehicle Engineering Group, Higashifuji Technical Center, Toyota Motor Corporation, 1200, Mishuku, Susono, Shizuoka 410-1193 (Japan)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

204

Thermal and electrical stabilities of solid nitrogen (SN2) cooled YBCO coated conductors for HTS magnet applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, a cooling system using a solid cryogen such as solid nitrogen (SN2), was introduced for high temperature superconducting (HTS) magnet applications. In order to apply the SN2 cooling system successfully to HTS ...

Song, J. B.

205

Kinetic Controls on Cu and Pb Sorption by Ferrihydrite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nd ed.; Cambridge University Press: New York, 1993. (51) Sparks, D. L. Kinetics of Soil Chemical Processes; Academic Press: New York, 1989. (52) Espenson, J. H. Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Mechanisms, 2Kinetic Controls on Cu and Pb Sorption by Ferrihydrite A N D R E A S C . S C H E I N O

Sparks, Donald L.

206

Production of .sup.203 Pb-tris-hydroxymethyl amino methane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

.sup.203 Pb-tris complex injected for use in the detection and localization of tumors. The lead-203 is produced from the deuteron bombardment of a thallium target and chemically separated from the thallium. The tris is added which complexes with the lead-203.

Lambrecht, Richard M. (East Quogue, NY); Packer, Samuel (Manhasset, NY); Merrill, Jerald C. (Salt Lake City, UT); Atkins, Harold L. (Setauket, NY); Wolf, Alfred P. (Setauket, NY); Bradley-Moore, Patrick R. (New York, NY)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Thermally oxidized formation of new Ge dots over as-grown Ge dots in the Si capping layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Si-capped Ge quantum dot sample was self-assembly grown via Stranski-Krastanov mode in a molecular beam epitaxy system with the Si capping layer deposited at 300 deg. C. After annealing the sample in an oxygen atmosphere at 1000 deg. C, a structure, namely two layers of quantum dots, was formed with the newly formed Ge-rich quantum dots embedded in the oxidized matrix with the position accurately located upon the as-grown quantum dots. It has been found that the formation of such nanostructures strongly depends upon the growth temperature and oxygen atmosphere. A growth mechanism was proposed to explain the formation of the nanostructure based on the Ge diffusion from the as-grown quantum dots, Ge segregation from the growing oxide, and subsequent migration/agglomeration.

Nie Tianxiao [State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Materials Engineering, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia); Lin Jinhui; Shao Yuanmin; Wu Yueqin; Yang Xinju; Fan Yongliang; Jiang Zuimin [State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Chen Zhigang [Materials Engineering, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia); Zou Jin [Materials Engineering, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia); Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

154 Optical Constant of Zinc Blend SnS and Cubic In2S3(Al) Thin ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, SnS and In2S3 thin film have been deposited by low cost chemical ... Optical properties of this hetero-junction SnS/In2S3(Al)/SnO2:F/glass have...

209

TEM Study on the Evolution of Ge Nanocrystals in Si Oxide Matrix as a Function of Ge Concentration and the Si Reduction Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growth and evolution of germanium (Ge) nanocrystals embedded into a silicon oxide (SiO?) system have been studied based on the Ge content of co-sputtered Ge-SiO? films using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray ...

Chew, Han Guan

210

Alternative Mechanical Structure for LARP Nb3Sn Quadrupoles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An alternative structure for the 120 mm Nb{sub 3}Sn quadrupole magnet presently under development for use in the upgrade for LHC at CERN is presented. The goals of this structure are to build on the existing technology developed in LARP with the LQ and HQ series magnets and to further optimize the features required for operation in the accelerator. These features include mechanical alignment needed for field quality and provisions for cold mass cooling with 1.9 K helium in a helium pressure vessel. The structure will also optimize coil azimuthal and axial pre-load for high gradient operation, and will incorporate features intended to improve manufacturability, thereby improving reliability and reducing cost.

Anerella, M.; Cozzolino, J.; Ambrosio, G.; Caspi, S.; Felice, H.; Kovach, P.; Lamm, M.; Sabbi, G.; Schmalzle, J.; Wanderer, P.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Slow Temperature Equilibration Behind the Shock Front of SN 1006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the observation of OVII Doppler line broadening in a compact knot at the edge of SN 1006 detected with the Reflective Grating Spectrometer on board XMM-Newton. The observed line width of sigma = 3.4+/-0.5 eV at a line energy of 574 eV indicates an oxygen temperature of kT = 528+/-150 keV. Combined with the observed electron temperature of 1.5 keV the observed broadening is direct evidence for temperature non-equilibration in high Mach number shocks, and slow subsequent equilibration. The OVII line emission allows an accurate determination of the ionization state of the plasma, which is characterized by a relatively high forbidden line contribution, indicating log(n_e t) ~ 9.2.

Vink, Jeroen C; Gu, M F; Rasmussen, A; Kaastra, J S; Vink, Jacco; Gu, Ming Feng; Rasmussen, Andrew; Kaastra, Jelle S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Slow Temperature Equilibration Behind the Shock Front of SN 1006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the observation of OVII Doppler line broadening in a compact knot at the edge of SN 1006 detected with the Reflective Grating Spectrometer on board XMM-Newton. The observed line width of sigma = 3.4+/-0.5 eV at a line energy of 574 eV indicates an oxygen temperature of kT = 528+/-150 keV. Combined with the observed electron temperature of 1.5 keV the observed broadening is direct evidence for temperature non-equilibration in high Mach number shocks, and slow subsequent equilibration. The OVII line emission allows an accurate determination of the ionization state of the plasma, which is characterized by a relatively high forbidden line contribution, indicating log(n_e t) ~ 9.2.

Jacco Vink; J. Martin Laming; Ming Feng Gu; Andrew Rasmussen; Jelle S. Kaastra

2003-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

213

Band-Structure, Optical Properties, and Defect Physics of the Photovoltaic Semiconductor SnS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SnS is a potential earth-abundant photovoltaic (PV) material. Employing both theory and experiment to assess the PV relevant properties of SnS, we clarify on whether SnS has an indirect or direct band gap and what is the minority carrier effective mass as a function of the film orientation. SnS has a 1.07 eV indirect band gap with an effective absorption onset located 0.4 eV higher. The effective mass of minority carrier ranges from 0.5 m{sub 0} perpendicular to the van der Waals layers to 0.2 m{sub 0} into the van der Waals layers. The positive characteristics of SnS feature a desirable p-type carrier concentration due to the easy formation of acceptor-like intrinsic Sn vacancy defects. Potentially detrimental deep levels due to SnS antisite or S vacancy defects can be suppressed by suitable adjustment of the growth condition towards S-rich.

Vidal, J.; Lany, S.; d'Avezac, M.; Zunger, A.; Zakutayev, A.; Francis, J.; Tate, J.

2012-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

214

Synthesis and Structure Determination of Ferromagnetic Semiconductors LaAMnSnO6 (A = Sr Ba)  

SciTech Connect

LaAMnSnO{sub 6} (A = Sr, Ba) have been synthesized by high temperature solid-state reactions under dynamic 1% H{sub 2}/Ar flow. Rietveld refinements on room temperature powder X-ray diffraction data indicate that LaSrMnSnO{sub 6} crystallizes in the GdFeO{sub 3}-structure, with space group Pnma and, combined with transmission electron microscopy, LaBaMnSnO{sub 6} in Imma. Both space groups are common in disordered double-perovskites. The Mn{sup 3+} and Sn{sup 4+} ions whose valence states were confirmed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, are completely disordered over the B-sites and the BO{sub 6} octahedra are slightly distorted. LaAMnSnO{sub 6} are ferromagnetic semiconductors with a T{sub C} = 83 K for the Sr- and 66 K for the Ba-compound. The title compounds, together with the previously reported LaCaMnSnO{sub 6} provide an interesting example of progression from Pnma to Imma as the tolerance factor increases. An analysis of the relationship between space group and tolerance factor for the series LaAMnMO{sub 6} (A = Ca, Sr, Ba; M = Sn, Ru) provides a better understanding of the symmetry determination for double perovskites.

T Yang; T Perkisas; J Hadermann; M Croft; A Ignatov; M Greenblatt

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

Solderability study of 63Sn-37Pb on zinc-plated and cadmium-plated stainless steel for the MC4636 lightning arrestor connector.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cadmium plating on metal surfaces is commonly used for corrosion protection and to achieve good solderability on the 304L stainless steel shell of the MC4636 lightning arrestor connector (LAC) for the W76-1 system. This study examined the use of zinc as a potential substitute for the cadmium protective surface finish. Tests were performed with an R and RMA flux and test temperatures of 230 C, 245 C, and 260 C. Contact angle, {theta}{sub c}, served as the generalized solderability metric. The wetting rate and wetting time parameters were also collected. The solderability ({theta}{sub c}) of the Erie Plating Cd/Ni coatings was better than that of similar Amphenol coatings. Although the {theta}{sub c} data indicated that both Cd/Ni platings would provide adequate solderability, the wetting rate and wetting time data showed the Amphenol coatings to have better performance. The Zn/Ni coatings exhibited non-wetting under all flux and temperature conditions. Based on the results of these tests, it has been demonstrated that zinc plating is not a viable alternate to cadmium plating for the LAC connectors.

Lopez, Edwin Paul; Vianco, Paul Thomas; Rejent, Jerome Andrew; Martin, Joseph J.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Stretched two-nucleon configurations in [sup 210]Pb  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The [sup 208]Pb([alpha],[sup 2]He)[sup 210]Pb reaction has been investigated at about 55 MeV incident energy. The angular distributions of prominent transitions were analyzed with the distorted-wave Born approximation. At low excitation energies, states built on 2[ital g][sub 9/2] single-particle strength are found, while at higher energies configurations including 1[ital j][sub 15/2] strength dominate. Together with the predictions of the crude shell model the main configurations of most observed transitions were identified. The results are compared to shell-model calculations with the Kuo-Herling residual interaction modified by Warburton and Brown.

von Neumann-Cosel, P.; Schenk, P.; Fister, U.; Trelle, T.K.; Jahn, R. (Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, DW-6100 Darmstadt (Germany) Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Universitaet Bonn, DW-5300 Bonn (Germany))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

High-spin level scheme of {sup 194}Pb  

SciTech Connect

High-spin states in {sup 194}Pb have been populated in the {sup 168}Er({sup 30}Si,4n) reaction at 142 MeV. The emitted {gamma} rays were detected by the EUROBALL III multidetector array. The level scheme was considerably extended and many previously observed {gamma}-ray transitions were reordered. Four new magnetic rotational bands were observed. The energies and spins of the bandheads of all previously observed magnetic rotational bands were corrected based on the observation of new transitions. From nine observed bands, only one could not be connected to the lower lying states. Based on comparison systematics with neighboring Pb isotopes and tilted-axis cranking model calculations previously reported, configuration assignments to the observed bands have been made.

Kutsarova, T.; Stefanova, E. A.; Minkova, A.; Lalkovski, S.; Korichi, A.; Lopez-Martens, A.; Hannachi, F.; Huebel, H.; Goergen, A.; Jansen, A.; Schoenwasser, G.; Khoo, T. L.; Herskind, B.; Bergstroem, M.; Bazzacco, D.; Podolyak, Z. [Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, BAS, BG-1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Faculty of Physics, University of Sofia 'St. Kliment Ohridski', BG-1164 Sofia (Bulgaria); CSNSM Orsay, IN2P3/CNRS, F-91405 (France); HISKP, Helmholtz-Institute fuer Strahlen-und Kernphysik, Nussallee 14-16, D-53115 (Germany); ISKP, Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 14-16, D-53115 (Germany); Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); The Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Padova and INFN Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Laboratori Nationali di Legnaro (Italy)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

NETL: News Release - GE Sets Benchmarks for Fuel Cell Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 8, 2005 August 8, 2005 GE Sets Benchmarks for Fuel Cell Performance Achievements Move Efficient, Clean SOFC Technology Closer to Mainstream Energy Markets TORRANCE, CA - In the race to speed solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology out of niche markets and into widespread commercial use, GE Hybrid Power Generation Systems has kicked fuel cell performance into high gear. Recent advancements have dramatically improved baseline cell performance and accelerate GE's prospects for achieving the system efficiency and cost objectives of DOE's Solid State Energy Alliance (SECA) program. Packing more power into smaller volumes is one of the breakthroughs needed to reduce the cost and expand the use of efficient, environmentally friendly fuel cells. But increasing power density isn't the only goal; as power density increases, fuel cells must continue to efficiently and reliably convert fuel to electric power.

219

Cedar Creek Wind Farm I (GE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GE) GE) Jump to: navigation, search Name Cedar Creek Wind Farm I (GE) Facility Cedar Creek Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Babcock & Brown/BP America Developer Babcock & Brown/BP America Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Weld County east of Grover CO Coordinates 40.873578°, -104.07825° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.873578,"lon":-104.07825,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

220

Greenhouse Gas Services AES GE EFS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Services AES GE EFS Greenhouse Gas Services AES GE EFS Jump to: navigation, search Name Greenhouse Gas Services (AES/GE EFS) Place Arlington, Virginia Zip 22203-4168 Product Develop and invest in a range of projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions that produce verified GHG credits. Coordinates 43.337585°, -89.379449° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.337585,"lon":-89.379449,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

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221

Top of the World (GE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Top of the World (GE) Top of the World (GE) Facility Top of the World (GE) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Duke Energy Carolinas LLC Developer Duke Energy Carolinas LLC Energy Purchaser PacifiCorp Location 4 miles northeast of Glenrock WY Coordinates 42.914132°, -105.691223° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.914132,"lon":-105.691223,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

222

Spin Structure with JLab 6 and 12 GeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights of JLab 6 GeV results on spin structure study and plan for 12 GeV program. Spin structure study is full of surprises and puzzles. A decade of experiments from JLab yield these exciting results: (1) valence spin structure; (2) precision measurements of g{sub 2}/d{sub 2} - high-twist; (3) spin sum rules and polarizabilities; and (4) first neutron transversity. There is a bright future as the 12 GeV Upgrade will greatly enhance our capability: (1) Precision determination of the valence quark spin structure flavor separation; (2) Precision measurements of g{sub 2}/d{sub 2}; and (3) Precision extraction of transversity/tensor charge.

Jian-Ping Chen

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Jefferson Lab 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The existing continuous electron beam accelerator facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) is a 5-pass, recirculating cw electron Linac operating at ~6 GeV and is devoted to basic research in nuclear physics. The 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade is a $310 M project, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Physics, that will expand its research capabilities substantially by doubling the maximum energy and adding major new experimental apparatus. The project received construction approval in September 2008 and has started the major procurement process. The cryogenic aspects of the 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade includes: doubling the accelerating voltages of the Linacs by adding ten new high-performance, superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cryomodules (CMs) to the existing 42 1/4 cryomodules; doubling of the 2 K cryogenics plant; and the addition of eight superconducting magnets.

Claus Rode

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Reducing 68Ge Background in Dark Matter Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Experimental searches for dark matter include experiments with sub-0.5 keV-energy threshold high purity germanium detectors. Experimental efforts, in partnership with the CoGeNT Collaboration operating at the Soudan Underground Laboratory, are focusing on energy threshold reduction via noise abatement, reduction of backgrounds from cosmic ray generated isotopes, and ubiquitous environmental radioactive sources. The most significant cosmic ray produced radionuclide is 68Ge. This paper evaluates reducing this background by freshly mining and processing germanium ore. The most probable outcome is a reduction of the background by a factor of two, and at most a factor of four. A very cost effective alternative is to obtain processed Ge as soon as possible and store it underground for 18 months.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Orrell, John L.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Comparison Between Research-Grade and Commercially Available SnO2 for Thin-Film CdTe Solar Cells: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Compared to commercial SnO2 (with similar film thickness and sheet resistance), research-grade SnO2 has higher optical transmittance and higher electron mobility. Based on our study, changing the glass substrate and improving the SnO2 quality could improve the optical properties of commercial SnO2.

Li, X.; Pankow, J.; To, B.; Gessert, T.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Single and Double Photonuclear Excitations in Pb+Pb Collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 2.76 TeV at the CERN Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cross sections are calculated for single and double photon exchange in ultraperipheral Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC. The particle production is simulated with the DPMJET event generator. Large cross sections are found for particle production around mid-rapidity making these processes an important background to hadronic nuclear interactions at both the trigger and analysis levels.

Oystein Djuvsland; Joakim Nystrand

2010-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

227

Single and double photonuclear excitations in Pb+Pb collisions at {radical}(s{sub NN})=2.76 TeV at the CERN Large Hadron Collider  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cross sections are calculated for single and double photon exchange in ultraperipheral Pb+Pb collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The particle production is simulated with the DPMJET event generator. Large cross sections are found for particle production around midrapidity, making these processes an important background to hadronic nuclear interactions at both the trigger and analysis levels.

Djuvsland, Oystein; Nystrand, Joakim [Department of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen, Bergen (Norway)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Effects of Cu-Bearing Flux on Sn-3.5Ag Soldering with Electroless Ni ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The content of the Cu compound in a flux varies from 0 wt. ... Electromigration Behavior of Sn-In Lead-Free Solder Alloy Under High Current Stress ... Phase-

229

Test Results of HD1b, an upgraded 16 Tesla Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of HD1b, an Upgraded 16 Tesla Nb 3 Sn Dipole Magnet A. F.a peak bore-field of 16 Tesla, using two, flat-racetrack,

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Establish Electromigration-induced Failure Map for Flip-chip Sn/Cu ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we will talk about two kinds of EM-induced failures would occur in a flip-chip Cu/Sn/Cu solder joint under EM test first. Then, we calculated the...

231

An Overview of ASC Efforts in Parallel First-Order Sn Methods  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

First-Order Sn Methods Shawn D. Pautz Simulation Research Technology Department Sandia National Laboratories Five Lab Conference Vienna, Austria June 19-23, 2005 SAND 2005-3154C...

232

Neutron single particle structure in 131Sn and the r-process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent calculations suggest that, at late times in the r-process, the rate of neutron capture by {sup 130}Sn has a significant impact on nucleosynthesis. Direct capture into low-lying bound states is likely the dominant reaction in the r-process near the N=82 closed shell, so reaction rates are strongly impacted by the properties of neutron single particle states in this region. In order to investigate these properties, we have acquired (d,p) reaction data in the A{approx}132 region in inverse kinematics using {approx}630 MeV beams (4.85 MeV/u for {sup 130}Sn) and CD{sub 2} targets. An array of Si strip detectors, including SIDAR and an early implementation of the new Oak Ridge Rutgers University Barrel Array (ORRUBA), was used to detect reaction products. Preliminary results for the {sup 130}Sn(d,p){sup 131}Sn experiment are reported.

Kozub, R. L. [Tennessee Technological University; Bardayan, Daniel W [ORNL; Adekola, Aderemi S [ORNL; Blackmon, Jeff C [ORNL; Chae, K. Y. [University of Tennessee; Chipps, K. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Cizewski, J. A. [Rutgers University; Erikson, Luke [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Hatarik, Robert [Rutgers University; Jones, K. L. [University of Tennessee; Krolas, W. [University of Warsaw; Liang, J Felix [ORNL; Ma, Zhanwen [ORNL; Matei, Catalin [Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU); Moazen, Brian [University of Tennessee; Nesaraja, Caroline D [ORNL; Pain, Steven D [ORNL; Shapira, Dan [ORNL; ShrinerJr., J. F. [Tennessee Technological University; Smith, Michael Scott [ORNL; Swan, T. P. [University of Surrey, UK

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Gas Sensing Properties of Platinum Doped Nanocrystalline SnO2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensors dip coated for 5 minutes and sintered at 750oC show the highest sensitivity towards H2, Co and LPG which is ten times higher than undoped SnO2...

234

Nonclassical hydrodynamic behavior of Sn plasma irradiated withalong duration CO2 laser pulse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a long duration CO 2 laser pulse Y. Tao M.S. Tillackwith a long duration CO 2 laser pulse is much shorter thanmass and makes a CO 2 -laser-produced Sn plasma suitable as

Tao, Y.; Tillack, M. S.; Yuseph, S.; Burdt, R.; Najmabadi, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

High performance thin film transistor with cosputtered amorphous Zn-In-Sn-O channel: Combinatorial approach  

SciTech Connect

Thin film transistors with a channel of Zn-In-Sn-O were fabricated via a combinatorial rf sputtering method. It was found that the role of the In atoms is to enhance the mobility and to shift the threshold voltage (V{sub th}) negatively. On the other hand, the Sn fraction is critical for improving the overall trap density including the density-of-states of the bulk channel layer and the interfacial trap density at the ZnInSnO interface. The optimized transistor was obtained at a compositional ratio of Zn:In:Sn=40:20:40, which exhibited an excellent subthreshold gate swing of 0.12 V/decade, V{sub th} of -0.4 V, and high I{sub on/off} ratio of >10{sup 9} as well as a high field-effect mobility of 24.6 cm{sup 2}/V s.

Ryu, Min Ki; Yang, Shinhyuk; Park, Sang-Hee Ko; Hwang, Chi-Sun [Transparent Electronics Team, ETRI, Daejeon 305-700 (Korea, Republic of); Jeong, Jae Kyeong [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Inha University, 253 Yonghyun-Dong, Nam-Gu, Incheon 402-751 (Korea, Republic of)

2009-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

236

Multiple-Stripe Lithiation of Individual SnO2 Nanowires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The atomic scale lithiation mechanism of individual SnO2 nanowires in a flooding ... Multinuclear Solid and Liquid State NMR Studies of Battery Materials ... Novel Design of Nanostructured Si Anode on Nanohair Array Polymer...

237

Design and Test of a Nb3Sn Subscale Dipole Magnet for Training Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subscale Dipole Magnet for Training Studies Helene Felice,lateral and axial preload on training. On the other hand, ithas been developed to study training in Nb 3 Sn coils under

Caspi, Shlomo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY OF HEAVY ATOMS AND MOLECULES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1120 (1962). pressure data for SnS. Vapor C. Sirayama, Y.Molecule Geo GeS GeSe GeTe Sns SnSe SnTe v"(cm ) a T(C) N lobtained the GeS, GeSe, SnS, and SnSe samples from Research

White, M.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Synthesis, structure, and bonding in K12Au21Sn4. A polar intermetallic compound with dense Au20 and open AuSn4 layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The new phase K{sub 12}Au{sub 21}Sn{sub 4} has been synthesized by direct reaction of the elements at elevated temperatures. Single crystal X-ray diffraction established its orthorhombic structure, space group Pmmn (No. 59), a = 12.162(2); b = 18.058(4); c = 8.657(2) {angstrom}, V = 1901.3(7) {angstrom}{sup 3}, and Z = 2. The structure consists of infinite puckered sheets of vertex-sharing gold tetrahedra (Au{sub 20}) that are tied together by thin layers of alternating four-bonded-Sn and -Au atoms (AuSn{sub 4}). Remarkably, the dense but electron-poorer blocks of Au tetrahedra coexist with more open and saturated Au-Sn layers, which are fragments of a zinc blende type structure that maximize tetrahedral heteroatomic bonding outside of the network of gold tetrahedra. LMTO band structure calculations reveal metallic properties and a pseudogap at 256 valence electrons per formula unit, only three electrons fewer than in the title compound and at a point at which strong Au-Sn bonding is optimized. Additionally, the tight coordination of the Au framework atoms by K plays an important bonding role: each Au tetrahedra has 10 K neighbors and each K atom has 8-12 Au contacts. The appreciably different role of the p element Sn in this structure from that in the triel members in K{sub 3}Au{sub 5}In and Rb{sub 2}Au{sub 3}Tl appears to arise from its higher electron count which leads to better p-bonding (valence electron concentrations = 1.32 versus 1.22).

Li, Bin; Kim, Sung-Jin; Miller, Gordon J.; and Corbett, John D.

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

240

Low-energy electric dipole response of Sn isotopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the low-energy dipole (LED) strength distribution along the Sn isotopic chain in both the isoscalar (IS) and the isovector (IV, or E1) electric channels, in order to provide testable predictions and guidance for new experiments with stable targets and radioactive beams. We use the self-consistent Quasi-particle Random-Phase Approximation (QRPA) with finite-range interactions and mainly the Gogny D1S force. We analyze also the performance of a realistic two-body interaction supplemented by a phenomenological three-body contact term. We find that from N=50 and up to the N=82 shell closure (132Sn) the lowest-energy part of the IS-LED spectrum is dominated by a collective transition whose properties vary smoothly with neutron number and which cannot be interpreted as a neutron-skin oscillation. For the neutron-rich species this state contributes to the E1 strength below particle threshold, but much more E1 strength is carried by other, weak but numerous transitions around or above threshold. These are interpreted as incoherent within QRPA. We find that strong structural changes in the spectrum take effect beyond N=82, namely increased LED strength and lower excitation energies. Our results with the Gogny interaction are compatible with existing data. On this basis we predict that a) the summed IS strength below particle threshold shall be of the same order of magnitude for N=50-82, b) the summed E1 strength up to approximately 12 MeV shall be similar for N=50-82 MeV, while c) the summed E1 strength below threshold shall be of the same order of magnitude for N ~ 64 - 82 and much weaker for the lighter, more-symmetric isotopes. We point out a general agreement of our results with other non-relativistic studies, the absence of a collective IS mode in some of those studies, and a possibly radical disagreement with relativistic models.

P. Papakonstantinou; H. Hergert; V. Yu. Ponomarev; R. Roth

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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241

Photometric Observations of the Type Ia SN 2002er in UGC 10743  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extensive light and colour curves for the Type Ia supernova SN 2002er are presented as part of the European Supernova Collaboration. We have collected UBVRI photometry from ten different telescopes covering the phases from 7 days before until 619 days after maximum light. Corrections for the different instrumental systems and the non-thermal spectrum of the supernova (S-corrections) have been applied. With the densely sampled light curves we can make detailed comparisons to other well-observed objects. SN 2002er most closely resembles SN 1996X after maximum, but clearly shows a different colour evolution before peak light and a stronger shoulder in V and R bands compared to other well-observed SNe Ia. In particular, the rise time appears to be longer than what is expected from rise-time vs.decline-rate relation. We use several methods to determine the reddening towards SN 2002er based on the colour evolution at near peak and at late phases. The uvoir (bolometric) light curve shows great similarity with SN 1996X, but also indications of a higher luminosity, longer rise time and a more pronounced shoulder 25 days past maximum. The interpretation of the light curves was done with two independent light curve codes. Both find that given the luminosity of SN 2002er the 56Ni mass exceeds 0.6 Msun with prefered values near 0.7 Msun. Uncertainties in the exact distance to SN 2002er are the most serious limitation of this measurement. The light curve modelling also indicates a high level of mixing of the nickel in the explosion of SN 2002er.

G. Pignata; F. Patat; S. Benetti; S. Blinnikov; W. Hillebrandt; R. Kotak; B. Leibundgut; P. A. Mazzali; P. Meikle; Y. Qiu; P. Ruiz-Lapuente; S. Smartt; E. Sorokina; M. Stritzinger; M. Stehle; M. Turatto; T. Marsh; F. Martin-Luis; N. McBride; J. Mendez; L. Morales-Rueda; D. Narbutis; R. Street

2004-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

242

Electronic and Optical Properties of Spinel TCOs: Cd2SnO4, Zn2SnO4, and CdIn2O4  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Using the band-structure method, we have studied the electronic and optical properties of the transparent conducting oxides SnZn2O4, SnCd2O4, and CdIn2O4. We analyzed the atomic and orbital characters of the band edge states and explained the general trends observed in the fundamental band gap, the optical band gap, the energy difference between the first and the second conduction bands, and the electron effective mass. General rules for designing more efficient transparent conducting oxides are proposed.

Wei, S. H.; Segev, D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

7-GeV Advanced Photon Source Conceptual Design Report  

SciTech Connect

During the past decade, synchrotron radiation emitted by circulating electron beams has come into wide use as a powerful, versatile source of x-rays for probing the structure of matter and for studying various physical processes. Several synchrotron radiation facilities with different designs and characteristics are now in regular operation throughout the world, with recent additions in this country being the 0.8-GeV and 2.5-GeV rings of NSLS at Brookhaven National Laboratory. However, none of the operating facilities has been designed to use a low-emittance, high-energy stored beam, together with modern undulator devices, to produce a large number of hard x-ray beams of extremely high brilliance. This document is a proposal to the Department of Energy to construct and operate high-energy synchrotron radiation facility at Argonne National Laboratory. We have now chosen to set the design energy of this facility at 7.0 GeV, with the capability to operate at up to 7.5 GeV.

Not Available

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Cedar Creek Wind Farm II (GE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cedar Creek Wind Farm II (GE) Cedar Creek Wind Farm II (GE) Jump to: navigation, search Name Cedar Creek Wind Farm II (GE) Facility Cedar Creek II (GE) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner BP Wind Energy Developer BP Wind Energy Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Weld County CO Coordinates 40.868652°, -104.092398° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.868652,"lon":-104.092398,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

245

Demand Response Performance of GE Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heater  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a project to evaluate and document the DR performance of HPWH as compared to ERWH for two primary types of DR events: peak curtailments and balancing reserves. The experiments were conducted with GE second-generation Brillion-enabled GeoSpring hybrid water heaters in the PNNL Lab Homes, with one GE GeoSpring water heater operating in Standard electric resistance mode to represent the baseline and one GE GeoSpring water heater operating in Heat Pump mode to provide the comparison to heat pump-only demand response. It is expected that Hybrid DR performance, which would engage both the heat pump and electric elements, could be interpolated from these two experimental extremes. Signals were sent simultaneously to the two water heaters in the side-by-side PNNL Lab Homes under highly controlled, simulated occupancy conditions. This report presents the results of the evaluation, which documents the demand-response capability of the GE GeoSpring HPWH for peak load reduction and regulation services. The sections describe the experimental protocol and test apparatus used to collect data, present the baselining procedure, discuss the results of the simulated DR events for the HPWH and ERWH, and synthesize key conclusions based on the collected data.

Widder, Sarah H.; Parker, Graham B.; Petersen, Joseph M.; Baechler, Michael C.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Long-range angular correlations of pi, K and p in p--Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 5.02 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Angular correlations between unidentified charged trigger particles and various species of charged associated particles (unidentified particles, pions, kaons, protons and antiprotons) are measured by the ALICE detector in p-Pb collisions at a nucleon--nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV in the transverse-momentum range 0.3 trigger particle are obtained in the pseudorapidity range |eta_lab|event multiplicity. In high-multiplicity events, the second-order coefficient for protons, v_2^p, is observed to be smaller than that for pions, v_2^pi, up to about p_T = 2 GeV/c. To reduce correlations due to jets, the per-trigger yield measured in low-multiplicity events is subtracted from that in high-multiplicity events. A two-ridge structure is obtained for all particle species. The Fourier decomposition of this structure shows that the second-order coefficients for pions and kaons are similar. The v_2^p is found to be smaller at low p_T and larger at higher p_T than v_2^pi, with a crossing occurring at about 2 GeV. This is qualitatively similar to the elliptic-flow pattern observed in heavy-ion collisions. A mass ordering effect at low transverse momenta is consistent with expectations from hydrodynamic model calculations assuming a collectively expanding system.

ALICE Collaboration

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

247

A Comparison of Molten Sn and Bi for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Molten Sn and Bi were examined at 973 and 1073 K for use as anodes in solid oxide fuel cells with yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolytes. Cells were operated under battery conditions, with dry He flow in the anode compartment, to characterize the electrochemical oxidation of the metals at the YSZ interface. For both metals, the open-circuit voltages (OCVs) were close to that expected based on their oxidation thermodynamics, ~0.93 V for Sn and ~0.48 V for Bi. With Sn, the cell performance degraded rapidly after the transfer of approximately 0.5-1.5 Ccm{sup 2} of charge due to the formation of a SnO{sub 2} layer at the YSZ interface. At 973 K, the anode impedance at OCV for freshly reduced Sn was approximately 3 {ohm}cm{sup 2} but this increased to well over 250 {ohm}cm{sup 2} after the transfer of of charge. Following the transfer of 8.2 Ccm{sup 2} at 1073 K, the formation of a 10{micro}m thick SnO{sub 2} layer was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. With Bi, the OCV anode impedance at 973 K was less than 0.25 {ohm}cm{sup 2} and remained constant until essentially all of the Bi had been oxidized to BiO{sub 2}. Some implications of these results for direct carbon fuel cells are discussed.

Jayakumar, A.; Lee, Sang Bok; Horns, A.; Vohs, J. M.; Gorte, R. J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

SN 2009js AT THE CROSSROADS BETWEEN NORMAL AND SUBLUMINOUS TYPE IIP SUPERNOVAE: OPTICAL AND MID-INFRARED EVOLUTION  

SciTech Connect

We present a study of SN 2009js in NGC 918. Multi-band Kanata optical photometry covering the first {approx}120 days shows the source to be a Type IIP SN. Reddening is dominated by that due to our Galaxy. One-year-post-explosion photometry with the New Technology Telescope and a Subaru optical spectrum 16 days post-discovery both imply a good match with the well-studied subluminous SN 2005cs. The plateau-phase luminosity of SN 2009js and its plateau duration are more similar to the intermediate luminosity IIP SN 2008in. Thus, SN 2009js shares characteristics with both subluminous and intermediate luminosity supernovae (SNe). Its radioactive tail luminosity lies between SN 2005cs and SN 2008in, whereas its quasi-bolometric luminosity decline from peak to plateau (quantified by a newly defined parameter {Delta}logL, which measures adiabatic cooling following shock breakout) is much smaller than both the others'. We estimate the ejected mass of {sup 56}Ni to be low ({approx}0.007 M{sub Sun }). The SN explosion energy appears to have been small, similar to that of SN 2005cs. SN 2009js is the first subluminous SN IIP to be studied in the mid-infrared. It was serendipitously caught by Spitzer at very early times. In addition, it was detected by WISE 105 days later with a significant 4.6 {mu}m flux excess above the photosphere. The infrared excess luminosity relative to the photosphere is clearly smaller than that of SN 2004dj, which has been extensively studied in the mid-infrared. The excess may be tentatively assigned to heated dust with mass {approx}3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} M{sub Sun }, or to CO fundamental emission as a precursor to dust formation.

Gandhi, P. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Yamanaka, M.; Itoh, R. [Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama 1-3-1, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Tanaka, M. [National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Tokyo (Japan); Nozawa, T.; Maeda, K.; Moriya, T. J. [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa (Japan); Kawabata, K. S. [Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Saviane, I. [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Santiago 19 (Chile); Hattori, T. [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Sasada, M. [Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

249

Hadron production in p+p, p+Pb, and Pb+Pb collisions with the HIJING 2.0 model at energies available at the CERN Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The HIJING (Heavy-ion Jet Interaction Generator) Monte Carlo model is updated with the latest parton distributions functions (PDF) and new set of the parameters in the two-component mini-jet model that controls total $p+p$ cross section and the central pseudorapity density. We study hadron spectra and multiplicity distributions using the HIJING 2.0 model and compare to recent experimental data from $p+p$ collisions at the LHC energies. We also give predictions of hadron production in $p+p$, $p+Pb$ and $Pb+Pb$ collisions at the full LHC energy.

Wei-Tian Deng; Xin-Nian Wang; Rong Xu

2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

250

Recovery Act Helps GE in-source Manufacturing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recovery Act Helps GE in-source Manufacturing Recovery Act Helps GE in-source Manufacturing Recovery Act Helps GE in-source Manufacturing September 30, 2010 - 2:21pm Addthis The Geospring Hybrid Water Heater will be produced at GE's Appliance Park in Louisville. | Photo courtesy of GE The Geospring Hybrid Water Heater will be produced at GE's Appliance Park in Louisville. | Photo courtesy of GE Lindsay Gsell GE has a long history in Louisville, Ky. The company's appliance and lighting facility in Louisville has been manufacturing appliances for more than 50 years. Like many facilities, it has seen its share of ups-and-downs. Now, after a tough couple of years, the "Appliance Park" facility is making a "manufacturing" comeback -- with the help of the Recovery Act. The plant retooling project, partially funded through a 48C Advanced Energy

251

TEE-0074 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

74 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting 74 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting TEE-0074 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by GE Appliances & Lighting (GE) seeking exception relief from the provision of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers (Refrigerator Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, GE asserts that the firm would suffer a gross inequity if required to adhere to the Refrigerator Efficiency Standards codified at 10 C.F.R. § 430.32. If GE's Application for Exception were granted, GE would receive exception relief from the energy efficiency standard applicable to a new

252

Large inherent optical gain from the direct gap transition of Ge thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent demonstration of Ge-on-Si diode lasers renews the interest in the unique carrier dynamics of Ge involving both direct (?) and indirect (L) valleys. Here, we report a large inherent direct gap optical gain ...

Wang, Xiaoxin

253

Commercialization potential of compositionally graded Ge - Si??x?Gex? - Si substrates for solar applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project considers the potential of Ge - Si??x?Gex? - Si substrates for solar applications. The use of compositionally graded substrates to achieve heterointegration across different materials platforms such as Si, Ge ...

Goh, Johnathan Jian Ming

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

The BErkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA): A 10 GeV Laser Plasma Accelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The BErkeley Lab Laser Accelerator (BELLA):A 10 GeV Laser Plasma Accelerator W.P. Leemans ' , R.of the design of a 10 GeV laser plasma accelerator (LPA)

Leemans, W.P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

EA-0389: Proposed 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, Illinois  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for construction and operation of a 6- to 7-GeV synchrotron radiation source known as the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source atDOE's Argonne...

256

THE MAGNET LATTICE OF THE LBL 1-2 GeV SYNCHROTRON RADIATION SOURCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Chasman- Green TBA Lattices," LBL-21279, to be published19, 1987 THE MAGNET LATTICE OF THE LBL 1-2 GeV SYNCHROTRONLBL- 22193 THE MAGNET LATTICE OF THE LBL 1-2 GeV SYNCHROTRON

Jackson, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Epitaxial Ge/Il-V Heterostructures : MOCVD growth, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Epitaxial Ge thin films are being investigated for many important roles in next generation microelectronics. Metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) utilizing Ge channels have demonstrated dramatic ...

Bai, Yu, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

FF4, SiGe/Si Selective Etch Structures for Nanowire Release and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

1 To attain Ge-rich SiGe nanowire segment at temperatures above 400C, which is more compatible with SiNW growth conditions, disilane (1% in...

259

GE to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

GE urges the department engage in rulmaking to amend the clothes washer test procedure to reflect efficiency standards of large-capacity residential clothes washer machines. GE also urges the DOE...

260

EA-1890: Reedsport PB150 Deployment and Ocean Test Project, Oregon |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Reedsport PB150 Deployment and Ocean Test Project, Oregon 0: Reedsport PB150 Deployment and Ocean Test Project, Oregon EA-1890: Reedsport PB150 Deployment and Ocean Test Project, Oregon Overview The U.S. Department of Energy has selected Ocean Power Technologies (OPT) for approximately $2.4 million in financial assistance and proposes to authorize the expenditure of federal funding to OPT for the construction, deployment, and ocean testing of a single, full scale 150kW PB150 PowerBuoy. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download August 24, 2011 EA-1890: Finding of No Significant Impact Reedsport PB150 Deployment and Ocean Test Project, Oregon August 24, 2011 EA-1890: DOE Notice of Availability of the Finding of No Significant Impact Ocean Power Technologies, Inc. (OPT), Reedsport PB150 Deployment and Ocean

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Si/SiGe Quantum Devices and Quantum Wells: Electron Spin Coherence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Si/SiGe Quantum Devices and Quantum Wells: Electron Spin Coherence J. L. Truitt1 , K. A. Slinker1 quantum wells are clad by SiGe barriers, and therefore intrinsically strained, leading to growth the current status of ESR experiments in Si/SiGe quantum wells. Many factors can effect transport in silicon

Sheridan, Jennifer

262

High mobility CMOS transistors on Si/SiGe heterostructure channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have demonstrated high mobility CMOS transistors on Si/SiGe heterostructure channels selectively grown on a Si (100) substrate. Electron and hole mobility is enhanced simultaneously on a single Si/SiGe heterostructure channel by confining electrons ... Keywords: Hetero-epitaxy, Hetero-structure, High mobility channel, SiGe CMOS

Jungwoo Oh; Kanghoon Jeon; Se-Hoon Lee; Jeff Huang; P. Y. Hung; Injo Ok; Barry Sassman; Dae-Hong Ko; Paul Kirsch; Raj Jammy

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Photovoltaic Devices Employing Ternary PbSxSe1-x Nanocrystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report solar cells based on highly confined nanocrystals of the ternary compound PbSxSe1-x. Crystalline, monodisperse alloyed nanocrystals are obtained using a one-pot, hot injection reaction. Rutherford back scattering and energy filtered transmission electron microscopy suggest that the S and Se anions are uniformly distributed in the alloy nanoparticles. Photovoltaic devices made using ternary nanoparticles are more efficient than either pure PbS or pure PbSe based nanocrystal devices.

Ma, Wanli; Luther, Joseph; Zheng, Haimei; Wu, Yue; Alivisatos, A. Paul

2009-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

264

High performance Na-doped PbTe-PbS thermoelectric materials: electronic density of states modification and shaped-controlled nanostructures.  

SciTech Connect

Thermoelectric heat-to-power generation is an attractive option for robust and environmentally friendly renewable energy production. Historically, the performance of thermoelectric materials has been limited by low efficiencies, related to the thermoelectric figure-of-merit ZT. Nanostructuring thermoelectric materials have shown to enhance ZT primarily via increasing phonon scattering, beneficially reducing lattice thermal conductivity. Conversely, density-of-states (DOS) engineering has also enhanced electronic transport properties. However, successfully joining the two approaches has proved elusive. Herein, we report a thermoelectric materials system whereby we can control both nanostructure formations to effectively reduce thermal conductivity, while concurrently modifying the electronic structure to significantly enhance thermoelectric power factor. We report that the thermoelectric system PbTe-PbS 12% doped with 2% Na produces shape-controlled cubic PbS nanostructures, which help reduce lattice thermal conductivity, while altering the solubility of PbS within the PbTe matrix beneficially modifies the DOS that allow for enhancements in thermoelectric power factor. These concomitant and synergistic effects result in a maximum ZT for 2% Na-doped PbTe-PbS 12% of 1.8 at 800 K.

Girard, S. N.; He, J.; Zhou, X.; Shoemaker, D.; Jaworski, C. M.; Uher, C.; Dravid, V. P.; Heremans, J. P.; Kanatzidis, M. G. (Materials Science Division); (Northwestern Univ.); (Univ. Michigan-Ann Arbor); (Ohio State Univ.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Growth of an {alpha}-Sn film on an InSb(111) A-(2x2) surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have investigated the initial growth process of {alpha}-Sn films on the In-terminated InSb(111)A-(2x2) surface using low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) and high-resolution core-level photoelectron spectroscopy. Taking the LEED observation and the Sn coverage-dependent integrated intensities of the In 4d, Sb 4d, and Sn 4d core-level spectra into account, we conclude that the {alpha}-Sn film grows epitaxially by a bilayer mode and that there is no interdiffusion of the substrate atoms as suggested in the literature. Furthermore, the coverage-dependent In 4d and Sn 4d core levels indicate that the In vacancy site of InSb(111)A-(2x2) surface is not the preferable Sn absorption site.

Kondo, Daiyu; Sakamoto, Kazuyuki; Shima, Masahide; Takeyama, Wakaba [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Nakamura, Kenya; Ono, Kanta; Oshima, Masaharu [Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Kasukabe, Yoshitaka [Department of Electronic Engineering/International Student Center, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)

2004-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

Thermal fuse for high-temperature batteries  

SciTech Connect

A thermal fuse, preferably for a high-temperature battery, comprising leads and a body therebetween having a melting point between approximately 400.degree. C. and 500.degree. C. The body is preferably an alloy of Ag--Mg, Ag--Sb, Al--Ge, Au--In, Bi--Te, Cd--Sb, Cu--Mg, In--Sb, Mg--Pb, Pb--Pd, Sb--Zn, Sn--Te, or Mg--Al.

Jungst, Rudolph G. (Albuquerque, NM); Armijo, James R. (Albuquerque, NM); Frear, Darrel R. (Austin, TX)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Measurement of the 208Pb(52Cr, n)259Sg Excitation Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of other measured cold fusion excitation functions (see Fig.in agreement with other cold fusion excitation functions,+b I. INTRODUCTION Cold nuclear fusion reactions, using Pb

Folden III, C.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Electrodeposition of PbTe Thermoelectric Materials in NaOH Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dissolution Kinetics of Steelmaking Slag and Its Promotion for the Growth of Algae Electrodeposition of PbTe Thermoelectric Materials in NaOH Solutions.

269

Effect of Solder Bump Heights on Cu Dissolution Rate in Pb-Free ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Effect of Solder Bump Heights on Cu Dissolution Rate in Pb- Free ... Effect of Zn Content on the Electrification-Fusion and Failure Behaviors of ...

270

Leaching Toxicity of Pb and Ba Containing in Cathode Ray Tube ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Leaching Toxicity of Pb and Ba Containing in Cathode Ray Tube Glasses by SEP-TCLP. Author(s), Mengjun Chen, Fu-Shen Zhang, Jianxin ...

271

Single-Crystal Intermetallic M-Sn (M ) Fe, Cu, Co, Ni) Nanospheres as Negative Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

FeSn{sub 2}, Cu{sub 6}Sn{sub 5}, CoSn{sub 3}, and Ni{sub 3}Sn{sub 4} single-crystalline nanospheres with a characteristic uniform particle size of 40 nm have been synthesized via a modified polyol process, aiming at determining and understanding their intrinsic cycling performance as negative electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries. We find that, in this morphologically controlled condition, the reversible capacities follow FeSn{sub 2} > Cu{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} {approx} CoSn{sub 3} > Ni{sub 3}Sn{sub 4}, which is not directly decided by their theoretical capacities or lithium-driven volume changes. FeSn{sub 2} exhibits the best electrochemical activity among these intermetallic nanospheres and an effective solid electrolyte interface, which explains its superior cycling performance. The small particle dimension also improves cycling stability and Li{sup +} diffusion.

Wang, X.; Han, W; Chen, J; Graetz, J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Bond angles for O-H defects in SnO2 from polarization properties of their vibrational modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Infrared absorption experiments along with a mass-and-spring model and detailed quantum-mechanical calculations using CRYSTAL06 are used to assign structures of trapped H in SnO2. We conclude that the evidence for H trapped at a Sn vacancy is weak at best, and that along with isolated interstitial H and H trapped at an O vacancy, there is evidence that one or two H atoms can be trapped at a Sn interstitial.

FOWLER, W B [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA; BEKISLI, F [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA; Stavola, M. [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA; Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Spahr, E. J. [College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA; Lpke, G. [Vanderbilt University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Measurement of the J/psi meson and b-hadron production cross sections in p anti-p collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 1960-GeV  

SciTech Connect

We present a new measurement of the inclusive and differential production cross sections of J/{psi} mesons and b-hadrons in proton-antiproton collisions at {radical}s = 1960 GeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 39.7 pb{sup -1} collected by the CDF Run II detector. We find the integrated cross section for inclusive J/{psi} production for all transverse momenta from 0 to 20 GeV/c in the rapidity range |y| < 0.6 to be 4.08 {+-} 0.02(stat){sub -0.33}{sup +0.36}(syst) {mu}b. We separate the fraction of J/{psi} events from the decay of the long-lived b-hadrons using the lifetime distribution in all events with p{sub T} (J/{psi}) > 1.25 GeV/c. We find the total cross section for b-hadrons, including both hadrons and anti-hadrons, decaying to J/{psi} with transverse momenta greater than 1.25 GeV/c in the rapidity range |y(J/{psi})| < 0.6, is 0.330 {+-} 0.005(stat){sub -0.033}{sup +0.036}(syst) {mu}b. Using a Monte Carlo simulation of the decay kinematics of b-hadrons to all final states containing a J/{psi}, we extract the first measurement of the total single b-hadron cross section down to zero transverse momentum at {radical}s = 1960 GeV. We find the total single b-hadron cross section integrated over all transverse momenta for b-hadrons in the rapidity range |y| < 0.6 to be 17.6 {+-} 0.4(stat){sub -2.3}{sup +2.5}(syst) {mu}b.

Acosta, D.; Adelman, J.; Affolder, T.; Akimoto, T.; Albrow, M.G.; Ambrose, D.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Anikeev, K.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Aoki, M.; Apollinari, G.; Arisawa, T.; Arguin, J.-F.; Artikov, A.; Ashmanskas, W.; Attal, A.; Azfar, F.; Azzi-Bacchetta, P.; /Barcelona, Autonoma U. /Bologna U. /Brandeis U. /UC, Davis /UCLA /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /Cantabria U., Santander /Carnegie Mellon U. /Chicago U. /Duke U. /Florida U. /Geneva U. /Glasgow U. /Harvard U. /Helsinki U. /Hiroshima U. /Illinois U., Urbana /Johns Hopkins U. /Karlsruhe U. /SungKyunKwan U.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Measurement of the J/psi meson and b-hadron production cross sections in p anti-p collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 1960-GeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new measurement of the inclusive and differential production cross sections of J/{psi} mesons and b-hadrons in proton-antiproton collisions at {radical}s = 1960 GeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 39.7 pb{sup -1} collected by the CDF Run II detector. We find the integrated cross section for inclusive J/{psi} production for all transverse momenta from 0 to 20 GeV/c in the rapidity range |y| 1.25 GeV/c. We find the total cross section for b-hadrons, including both hadrons and anti-hadrons, decaying to J/{psi} with transverse momenta greater than 1.25 GeV/c in the rapidity range |y(J/{psi})| < 0.6, is 0.330 {+-} 0.005(stat){sub -0.033}{sup +0.036}(syst) {mu}b. Using a Monte Carlo simulation of the decay kinematics of b-hadrons to all final states containing a J/{psi}, we extract the first measurement of the total single b-hadron cross section down to zero transverse momentum at {radical}s = 1960 GeV. We find the total single b-hadron cross section integrated over all transverse momenta for b-hadrons in the rapidity range |y| < 0.6 to be 17.6 {+-} 0.4(stat){sub -2.3}{sup +2.5}(syst) {mu}b.

Acosta, D.; Adelman, J.; Affolder, T.; Akimoto, T.; Albrow, M.G.; Ambrose, D.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Anikeev, K.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Aoki, M.; Apollinari, G.; Arisawa, T.; Arguin, J.-F.; Artikov, A.; Ashmanskas, W.; Attal, A.; Azfar, F.; Azzi-Bacchetta, P.; /Barcelona, Autonoma U. /Bologna U. /Brandeis U. /UC, Davis /UCLA /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /Cantabria U., Santander /Carnegie Mellon U. /Chicago U. /Duke U. /Florida U. /Geneva U. /Glasgow U. /Harvard U. /Helsinki U. /Hiroshima U. /Illinois U., Urbana /Johns Hopkins U. /Karlsruhe U. /SungKyunKwan U.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Flexible Zn2SnO4/MnO2 Core/Shell Nanocable-Carbon Microfiber ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Flexible Zn2SnO4/MnO2 Core/Shell Nanocable-Carbon Microfiber Hybrid Composites for High-Performance Supercapacitor Electrodes.

276

The effect of Ru and Sn additions to Pt on the electrocatalysis of methanol oxidation: An in situ XAS investigation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Elements such as Ru and Sn used as ad-atoms or as alloying elements are known to enhance methanol oxidation reaction (MOR). Ru, both as alloying element as well as upd deposited on Pt/C is widely acknowledged for enhancing MOR. Sn on the other hand is more controversial, with evidence indicating enhancements for MOR when present as upd layer and marginally effective when present as an alloying element. In situ XAS is used to investigate some of these inconsistencies in the electrocatalysis of MOR. Results indicate that alloying Sn with Pt (Pt{sub 3}Sn primary phase) causes partial filling of the Pt 5 d-band vacancies and increase in the Pt-Pt bond distances which is directly opposite to a similar situation with Ru. Upd Sn however does not perturb Pt structurally or electronically. Ru and Sn (both as alloying element and as upd ad-layer) are associated with oxygenated species, the nature and strength of the Ru. and Sn - oxygen interactions are potential dependent. Hence alloying with Sn renders Pt surface unfavorable for methanol adsorption in contrast to alloying with Ru. Both Ru and Sn however promote MOR via their ability to nucleate oxygenated species on their surface at lower potentials as compared to pure Pt.

Mukerjee, S.; McBreen, J.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) March 5, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Electric Lighting Solutions manufactured and distributed noncompliant traffic signal modules in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) More Documents & Publications Watermark: Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2908) Act One: NPCP (2013-CE-49001)

278

Capricorn Ridge (GE Energy) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy) Wind Farm Energy) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Capricorn Ridge (GE Energy) Wind Farm Facility Capricorn Ridge (GE Energy) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer NextEra Energy Resources Location TX Coordinates 31.838061°, -100.923965° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.838061,"lon":-100.923965,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

279

Multi-GeV Electron Generation Using Texas Petawatt Laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present simulation results and experimental setup for multi-GeV electron generation by a laser plasma wake field accelerator (LWFA) driven by the Texas Petawatt (TPW) laser. Simulations show that, in plasma of density n{sub e} = 2-4x10{sup 17} cm{sup -3}, the TPW laser pulse (1.1 PW, 170 fs) can self-guide over 5 Rayleigh ranges, while electrons self-injected into the LWFA can accelerate up to 7 GeV. Optical diagnostic methods employed to observe the laser beam self-guiding, electron trapping and plasma bubble formation and evolution are discussed. Electron beam diagnostics, including optical transition radiation (OTR) and electron gamma ray shower (EGS) generation, are discussed as well.

Wang, X.; Du, D.; Yi, S. A.; Kalmykov, S.; D'avignon, E.; Fazel, N.; Zagdzaj, R.; Reed, S.; Dong, P.; Henderson, W.; Dyer, G.; Bernstein, A.; Gaul, E.; Martinez, M.; Shvets, G.; Ditmire, T.; Downer, M. [Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

280

The 12 GeV Energy Upgrade at Jefferson Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Two new cryomodules and an extensive upgrade of the bending magnets at Jefferson Lab has been recently completed in preparation for the full energy upgrade in about one year. Jefferson Laboratory has undertaken a major upgrade of its flagship facility, the CW re-circulating CEBAF linac, with the goal of doubling the linac energy to 12 GeV. I will discuss here the main scope and timeline of the upgrade and report on recent accomplishments and the present status. I will then discuss in more detail the core of the upgrade, the new additional C100 cryomodules, their production, tests and recent successful performance. I will then conclude by looking at the future plans of Jefferson Laboratory, from the commissioning and operations of the 12 GeV CEBAF to the design of the MEIC electron ion collider.

Pilat, Fulvia C. [JLAB

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

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281

The Dielectric Properties and Phase Transitions of [Pb(Zn{sub 1/3}Nb{sub 2/3})O{sub 3}]{sub 0.905} (PbTiO{sub 3}){sub 0.095}: Influence of Pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies of the influences of temperature, hydrostatic pressure, dc biasing field and frequency on the dielectric constant ({epsilon}{prime}) and loss (tan {delta}) of single crystal [pb (Zn{sub 1/3}Nb{sub 2/3})O{sub 3}]{sub 0.905} (PbTiO{sub 3}){sub 0.095}, or PZN-9.5PT for short, have provided a detailed view of the ferroelectric (FE) response and phase transitions of this technologically important material. While at 1 bar, the crystal exhibits on cooling a cubic-to-tetragonal FE transition followed by a second transition to a rhombohedral phase, pressure induces a FE-to-relaxer crossover, the relaxer phase becoming the ground state at pressures {ge}5 kbar. Analogy with earlier results suggests that this crossover is a common feature of compositionally-disordered soft mode ferroelectrics and can be understood in terms of a decrease in the correlation length among polar domains with increasing pressure. Application of a dc biasing electric field at 1 bar strengthens FE correlations, and can at high pressure re-stabilize the FE response. The pressure-temperature-electric field phase diagram was established. In the absence of dc bias the tetragonal phase vanishes at high pressure, the crystal exhibiting classic relaxor behavior. The dynamics of dipolar motion and the strong deviation from Curie-Weiss behavior of the susceptibility in the high temperature cubic phase are discussed.

SAMARA,GEORGE A.; VENTURINI,EUGENE L.; SCHMIDT,V. HUGO

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

InGaAs and Ge MOSFETs with high ? dielectrics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

InGaAs and Ge MOSFETs with high @k's are now the leading candidates for technology beyond the 15nm node CMOS. The UHV-Al"2O"3/Ga"2O"3(Gd"2O"3) [GGO]/InGaAs has low electrical leakage current densities, C-V characteristics with low interfacial densities ... Keywords: Atomic layer deposition, Germanium, High ? dielectrics, III-V Compound semiconductor, MOSFETs, Molecular beam epitaxy

W. C. Lee; P. Chang; T. D. Lin; L. K. Chu; H. C. Chiu; J. Kwo; M. Hong

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Photometric Observations of the Type Ia SN 2002er in UGC 10743  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extensive light and colour curves for the Type Ia supernova SN 2002er are presented as part of the European Supernova Collaboration. We have collected UBVRI photometry from ten different telescopes covering the phases from 7 days before until 619 days after maximum light. Corrections for the different instrumental systems and the non-thermal spectrum of the supernova (S-corrections) have been applied. With the densely sampled light curves we can make detailed comparisons to other well-observed objects. SN 2002er most closely resembles SN 1996X after maximum, but clearly shows a different colour evolution before peak light and a stronger shoulder in V and R bands compared to other well-observed SNe Ia. In particular, the rise time appears to be longer than what is expected from rise-time vs.decline-rate relation. We use several methods to determine the reddening towards SN 2002er based on the colour evolution at near peak and at late phases. The uvoir (bolometric) light curve shows great similarity with SN 199...

Pignata, G; Benetti, S; Blinnikov, S; Hillebrandt, W; Kotak, R; Leibundgut, B; Mazzali, P A; Meikle, P; Qiu, Y; Ruiz-Lapuente, P; Smartt, S; Sorokina, E; Stritzinger, M; Stehle, M; Turatto, M; Marsh, T; Martin-Luis, F; McBride, N; Mndez, J; Morales-Rueda, L; Narbutis, D; Street, R

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

ANALYSIS OF THE EARLY-TIME OPTICAL SPECTRA OF SN 2011fe IN M101  

SciTech Connect

The nearby Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) SN 2011fe in M101 (cz = 241 km s{sup -1}) provides a unique opportunity to study the early evolution of a 'normal' SN Ia, its compositional structure, and its elusive progenitor system. We present 18 high signal-to-noise spectra of SN 2011fe during its first month beginning 1.2 days post-explosion and with an average cadence of 1.8 days. This gives a clear picture of how various line-forming species are distributed within the outer layers of the ejecta, including that of unburned material (C+O). We follow the evolution of C II absorption features until they diminish near maximum light, showing overlapping regions of burned and unburned material between ejection velocities of 10,000 and 16,000 km s{sup -1}. This supports the notion that incomplete burning, in addition to progenitor scenarios, is a relevant source of spectroscopic diversity among SNe Ia. The observed evolution of the highly Doppler-shifted O I {lambda}7774 absorption features detected within 5 days post-explosion indicates the presence of O I with expansion velocities from 11,500 to 21,000 km s{sup -1}. The fact that some O I is present above C II suggests that SN 2011fe may have had an appreciable amount of unburned oxygen within the outer layers of the ejecta.

Parrent, J. T.; Fesen, R. A. [6127 Wilder Lab, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States); Howell, D. A.; Dilday, B. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Friesen, B.; Baron, E. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W Brooks, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Thomas, R. C.; Nugent, P. [Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Milisavljevic, D. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Bianco, F. B.; Bildsten, L. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93117 (United States); Arcavi, I.; Ben-Ami, S.; Gal-Yam, A. [Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); Bersier, D. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Birkenhead CH41 1LD (United Kingdom); Bloom, J.; Cenko, S. B.; Filippenko, A. V. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Cao, Y. [Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Kasliwal, M. M. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); and others

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

285

Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (GE Energy) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (GE Energy) Jump to: navigation, search Name Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (GE Energy) Facility Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (GE Energy) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner First Wind Developer First Wind Energy Purchaser Southern California Public Power Authority Location Milford UT Coordinates 38.52227°, -112.935262° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.52227,"lon":-112.935262,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

286

NMSSM Higgs Benchmarks Near 125 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent LHC indications of a SM-like Higgs boson near 125 GeV are consistent not only with the Standard Model (SM) but also with Supersymmetry (SUSY). However naturalness arguments disfavour the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). We consider the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) with a SM-like Higgs boson near 125 GeV involving relatively light stops and gluinos below 1 TeV in order to satisfy naturalness requirements. We are careful to ensure that the chosen values of couplings do not become non perturbative below the grand unification (GUT) scale, although we also examine how these limits may be extended by the addition of extra matter to the NMSSM at the two-loop level. We then propose four sets of benchmark points corresponding to the SM-like Higgs boson being the lightest or the second lightest Higgs state in the NMSSM or the NMSSM-with-extra-matter. With the aid of these benchmark points we discuss how the NMSSM Higgs boson near 125 GeV may be distinguished from the SM Higgs boson in future LHC searches.

S. F. King; M. Muhlleitner; R. Nevzorov

2012-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

287

Gamma-Ray Bursts Above 1 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the principal results obtained by the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory relating to the study of gamma-ray bursts was the detection by the EGRET instrument of energetic ($>$100 MeV) photons from a handful of bright bursts. The most extreme of these was the single 18 GeV photon from the GRB940217 source. Given EGRET's sensitivity and limited field of view, the detection rate implies that such high energy emission may be ubiquitous in bursts. Hence expectations that bursts emit out to at least TeV energies are quite realistic, and the associated target-of-opportunity activity of the TeV gamma-ray community is well-founded. This review summarizes the observations and a handful of theoretical models for generating GeV--TeV emission in bursts sources, outlining possible ways that future positive detections could discriminate between different scenarios. The power of observations in the GeV--TeV range to distinguish between spectral structure intrinsic to bursts and that due to the intervening medium between source and observer is also discussed.

Matthew G. Baring

1997-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

288

Kinetics of Ge-Se-In Film Growth  

SciTech Connect

The processes of vacuum evaporation and condensation in the Ge-Se-In system were investigated. Thin amorphous films were deposited by modified thermal evaporation from previously synthesized non-crystalline (GeSe{sub y}){sub 1-x}In{sub x} ingots, where x = 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and y = 4, 5 and 6. The specific evaporation rate was determined by measuring of the mass of evaporator before evaporation and the mass of empty evaporator after evaporation in temperature range of evaporation (500-800) K. The substrate temperature was varied in the range (300-430) K to study the condensation process and specific condensation rate was determined by measuring of the substrate mass before and after condensation. The condensation energy of the (GeSe{sub y}){sub 1-x}In{sub x} layers steady increases at indium addition.The thin films studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron microdiffraction (EMD) reveal homogeneous and amorphous structure. The layer composition determined by Auger electron spectroscopy is close to that of the corresponded bulk samples.

Stoilova, A.; Petkov, P.; Nedeva, Y. [Department of Physics, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 1756 Sofia (Bulgaria); Monchev, B. [Institute of Electrochemistry and Energy Systems, BAS, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria)

2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

289

Phase Equilibria and Transformation of the Pb-Free Solders and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 3, 2011... of the Ag-Sb-Sn System: Simona Delsante1; Dajian Li1; Gabriella Borzone1; Andy Watson2; 1University of Genoa; 2University of Leeds

290

Studies of azimuthal anisotropy harmonics in ultra-central PbPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Azimuthal dihadron correlations of charged particles have been measured in PbPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV by the CMS collaboration, using data from the 2011 LHC heavy-ion run. The data set includes a sample of ultra-central (0-0.2% centrality) PbPb events collected using a trigger based on total transverse energy in the hadron forward calorimeters and the total multiplicity of pixel clusters in the silicon pixel tracker. A total of about 1.8 million ultra-central events were recorded, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 120 inverse microbarns. The observed correlations in ultra-central PbPb events are expected to be particularly sensitive to initial-state fluctuations. The single-particle anisotropy Fourier harmonics, from v[2] to v[6], are extracted as a function of particle transverse momentum. At higher transverse momentum, the v[2] harmonic becomes significantly smaller than the higher-order v[n] (n greater than or equal to 3). The pt-averaged v[2] and v[3] are found to be equal within 2%, while higher-order v[n] decrease as n increases. The breakdown of factorization of dihadron correlations into single-particle azimuthal anisotropies is observed. This effect is found to be most prominent in the ultra-central PbPb collisions, where the initial-state fluctuations play a dominant role. A comparison of the factorization data to hydrodynamic predictions with event-by-event fluctuating initial conditions is also presented.

CMS Collaboration

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

291

Skeletal sup 210 Pb from inhalation of sup 222 Rn and its decay products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concern about health effects of radon and its decay products has recently broadened to include the potential role of radon in the causation of myeloid leukemia, multiple myeloma, and melanoma, kidney cancer, and certain childhood cancers. Description of the distribution of radon and its daughters in the skeleton and the marrow, and the dose delivered to red marrow, are of particular relevance. Our interest in a metabolic model for inhaled radon and radon decay products originated with an interest in the use of radioactivity measurement techniques in vivo to quantify the {sup 210}Pb activity of bone. In this paper we estimate the rates of transfer to body fluids of {sup 210}Pb originating from inhaled radon and radon decay products and the quantity of {sup 210}Pb deposited in compact and in cancellous bone for the ideal case of continuous exposure to a constant level of radon and its daughters. We review the contributions of ambient airborne {sup 210}Pb, diet, and active and passive smoking to skeletal levels of {sup 210}Pb, and finally, from the magnitude and the variability of the natural {sup 210}Pb content of the skeleton, we estimate the minimal rate of exposure to airborne radon and its decay products that is required to elevate the skeletal {sup 210}Pb content of an individual to a statistically significant level above the population mean skeletal {sup 210}Pb content derived from all the other environmental sources combined. 55 refs., 4 tabs.

Keane, A.T.; Schlenker, R.A.; Stebbings, J.H.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Suppression of high-p{sub T} hadrons in Pb+Pb collisions at energies available at the CERN Large Hadron Collider  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear modification factor R{sub AA}(p{sub T}) for large transverse momentum pion spectra in Pb+Pb collisions at {radical}(s)=2.76 TeV is predicted within the next-to-leading order perturbative QCD parton model. The effect of jet quenching is incorporated through medium-modified fragmentation functions within the higher-twist approach. The jet transport parameter that controls medium modification is proportional to the initial parton density, and the coefficient is fixed by data on the suppression of large-p{sub T} hadron spectra obtained at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Data on charged hadron multiplicity dN{sub ch}/d{eta}=1584{+-}80 in central Pb+Pb collisions from the ALICE experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider are used to constrain the initial parton density both for determining the jet transport parameter and the 3 + 1 dimensional (3 + 1D) ideal hydrodynamic evolution of the bulk matter that is employed for the calculation of R{sub PbPb}(p{sub T}) for neutral pions.

Chen Xiaofang; Wang Enke; Zhang Hanzhong [Institute of Particle Physics, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan 430079 (China); Hirano, Tetsufumi [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Nuclear Science Division, MS 70R0319, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Wang Xinnian [Institute of Particle Physics, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan 430079 (China); Nuclear Science Division, MS 70R0319, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Operational Experience with the Nb/Pb SRF Photoelectron Gun  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SRF photoelectron guns offer the promise of high brightness, high average current beam production for the next generation of accelerator driven light sources such as free electron lasers, THz radiation sources or energy-recovery linac driven synchrotron radiation sources. In a first step a fully superconducting RF (SRF) photoelectron gun is under development by a collaboration between HZB, DESY, JLAB, BNL and NCBJ. The aim of the experiment is to understand and improve the performance of a Nb SRF gun cavity coated with a small metallic Pb cathode film on the cavity backplane. This paper describes the highlights from the commissioning and beam parameter measurements. The main focus is on lessons learned from operation of the SRF gun.

Kamps, T; Barday, R; Jankowiak, A; Knoblock, J; Kugeler, O; Matveenko, A N; Neumann, A; Quast, T; Rudolph, J; Schubert, S G; Volker, J; Kneisel, P; Nietubyc, R; Sekutowicz, J K; Smedley, J; Teichert, J; Volkov, V

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Large scale Li17Pb83/water interaction studies  

SciTech Connect

One current concept in fusion blanket design is to utilize water as the coolant and liquid lithium-lead as the breeding/neutron-multiplier material. Considering the possibility of certain off-normal events it is conceivable that water leakage into the liquid metal may occur due to a tube rupture. The BLAnket Safety Test facility (BLAST) simulates this transient event by injecting sub-cooled water, under high pressure, into a stagnant loop of liquid lithium-lead (Li17Pb83). In this paper the BLAST facility will be described, such as the various mechanical components and the measurement devices. The current results of the data analyses from the first three experiments are also presented.

Kranert, O.; Kottowski, H.M.; Savatteri, C.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Two-phonon 1- state in 112Sn observed in resonant photon scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results of a photon scattering experiment on 112Sn using bremsstrahlung with an endpoint energy of E_0 = 3.8 MeV are reported. A J = 1 state at E_x = 3434(1) keV has been excited. Its decay width into the ground state amounts to Gamma_0 = 151(17) meV, making it a candidate for a [2+ x 3-]1- two-phonon state. The results for 112Sn are compared with quasiparticle-phonon model calculations as well as the systematics of the lowest-lying 1- states established in other even-mass tin isotopes. Contrary to findings in the heavier stable even-mass Sn isotopes, no 2+ states between 2 and 3.5 MeV excitation energy have been detected in the present experiment.

I. Pysmenetska; S. Walter; J. Enders; H. von Garrel; O. Karg; U. Kneissl; C. Kohstall; P. von Neumann-Cosel; H. H. Pitz; V. Yu. Ponomarev; M. Scheck; F. Stedile; S. Volz

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

296

Measurements of Nb3Sn conductor dimension changes during heat treatment  

SciTech Connect

During the heat treatment of Nb{sub 3}Sn coils the conductor material properties change significantly. These effects together with the changes of the conductor dimensions during heat treatment may introduce large strain in the coils for accelerator magnets. The US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) has initiated a study aiming at understanding the thermal expansion and contraction of Nb3Sn strands, cables and coils during heat treatment. Several measurements on strands and cables were performed in order to have sufficient inputs for finite element simulation of the dimensional changes during heat treatment. In this paper the results of measurements of OST-RRP Nb{sub 3}Sn conductor used in the LARP magnet program are discussed.

Bocian, D.; Ambrosio, G.; Whitson, G.M.; /Fermilab

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Chemical nature of the passivation layer depending on the oxidizing agent in Gd2O3/GeO2/Ge stacks grown by molecular beam deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Ge-based metal oxide semiconductor technology, the insertion of a passivation layer seems to be crucial in unpinning the Fermi level at the interface and in reducing the amount of interface defects. GeO"2 was obtained by atomic oxygen (AO), molecular ... Keywords: Gadolinium oxide, Germanium, Molecular beam deposition, Passivation layer, Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry

A. Lamperti; S. Baldovino; A. Molle; M. Fanciulli

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Magneto-Electric Response in Semi-Monolithic CoFe2O4/Pb(Mg,Nb)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Magneto-Electric Response in Semi-Monolithic CoFe2O4/Pb( Mg,Nb)O3-PbTiO3 Heterostructures. Author(s), Zhiguang Wang, Jaydip Das,...

299

Tin Whisker and Hillock Growth Mechanism Via Grain Boundary ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Pb-free Solders and Emerging Interconnect and Packaging ... Effect of Plastic Deformation on Sn Whisker Growth in Electroplated Sn and Sn-Ag.

300

Chemical Bonding, Interfaces and Defects in Hafnium Oxide/Germanium Oxynitride Gate Stacks on Ge (100)  

SciTech Connect

Correlations among interface properties and chemical bonding characteristics in HfO{sub 2}/GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge MIS stacks were investigated using in-situ remote nitridation of the Ge (100) surface prior to HfO{sub 2} atomic layer deposition (ALD). Ultra thin ({approx}1.1 nm), thermally stable and aqueous etch-resistant GeO{sub x}N{sub y} interfaces layers that exhibited Ge core level photoelectron spectra (PES) similar to stoichiometric Ge{sub 3}N{sub 4} were synthesized. To evaluate GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge interface defects, the density of interface states (D{sub it}) was extracted by the conductance method across the band gap. Forming gas annealed (FGA) samples exhibited substantially lower D{sub it} ({approx} 1 x 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} eV{sup -1}) than did high vacuum annealed (HVA) and inert gas anneal (IGA) samples ({approx} 1x 10{sup 13} cm{sup -2} eV{sup -1}). Germanium core level photoelectron spectra from similar FGA-treated samples detected out-diffusion of germanium oxide to the HfO{sub 2} film surface and apparent modification of chemical bonding at the GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge interface, which is related to the reduced D{sub it}.

Oshima, Yasuhiro; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.; Sun, Yun; /SLAC, SSRL; Kuzum, Duygu; /Stanford U.; Sugawara, Takuya; Saraswat, Krishna C.; Pianetta, Piero; /SLAC, SSRL; McIntyre, Paul C.; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Relaxation of optically stimulated resistance of thin SnO{sub 2} films  

SciTech Connect

The results of investigation of the effect of irradiation with photons from an L5013VC violet light-emitting diode (LED) with the wavelength of 400 nm and power of 76 mW on the resistance of the sensitive layer of SnO{sub 2}-based test structures of gas sensors in air before and after the high-temperature stabilizing annealing are presented. The features in the variation of the SnO{sub 2}-layer resistance in time are established when the LED is switched on and off.

Russkih, D. V., E-mail: russcience@mail.ru; Rembeza, S. I. [Voronezh State Technical University (Russian Federation)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Anodic dissolution characteristics and electrochemical migration lifetimes of Sn solder in NaCl and Na2SO4 solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In situ water drop tests and anodic polarization tests of pure Sn solder were carried out in deaerated 0.001% NaCl and Na"2SO"4 solutions to determine the correlation between anodic dissolution characteristics and the electrochemical migration lifetime. ... Keywords: Anodic dissolution, Electrochemical migration, Life time, Na2SO4, NaCl, Sn solder

Ja-Young Jung; Shin-Bok Lee; Young-Chang Joo; Ho-Young Lee; Young-Bae Park

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Ibn S?n? on analysis: 1. proof search. or: abstract state machines as a tool for history of logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 11th century Arabic-Persian logician Ibn S?n? (Avicenna) in Sect. 9.6 of his book Qiy?s gives what appears to be a proof search algorithm for syllogisms. We confirm that it is indeed a proof search algorithm, by extracting all the ... Keywords: Ibn S?n?, abstract state machine, avicenna, proof search, syllogism

Wilfrid Hodges

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

THE SPECTROSCOPIC CLASSIFICATION AND EXPLOSION PROPERTIES OF SN 2009nz ASSOCIATED WITH GRB 091127 AT z = 0.490  

SciTech Connect

We present spectroscopic observations of GRB 091127 (z = 0.490) at the peak of the putative associated supernova SN 2009nz. Subtracting a late-time spectrum of the host galaxy, we isolate the contribution of SN 2009nz and uncover broad features typical of nearby gamma-ray-burst-supernovae (GRB-SNe). This establishes unambiguously that GRB 091127 was accompanied by a broad-lined Type Ic SN, and links a cosmological long burst with a standard energy release (E{sub {gamma},iso} Almost-Equal-To 1.1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 52} erg) to a massive star progenitor. The spectrum of SN 2009nz closely resembles that of SN 2006aj, with SN 2003dh also providing an acceptable match, but has significantly narrower features than SNe 1998bw and 2010bh, indicative of a lower expansion velocity. The photospheric velocity inferred from the Si II {lambda}6355 absorption feature, v{sub ph} Almost-Equal-To 17, 000 km s{sup -1}, is indeed closer to that of SNe 2006aj and 2003dh than to the other GRB-SNe. Combining the measured velocity with the light curve peak brightness and width, we estimate the following nominal (maximal) explosion parameters: M{sub Ni} Almost-Equal-To 0.35 (0.6) M{sub Sun }, E{sub K} Almost-Equal-To 2.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 51} (8.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 51}) erg, and M{sub ej} Almost-Equal-To 1.4 (3.5) M{sub Sun }, similar to those of SN 2006aj. These properties indicate that SN 2009nz follows a trend of lower M{sub Ni} for GRB-SNe with lower E{sub K} and M{sub ej}. Equally important, since GRB 091127 is a typical cosmological burst, the similarity of SN 2009nz to SN 2006aj either casts doubt on the claim that XRF 060218/SN 2006aj was powered by a neutron star or indicates that the nature of the central engine is encoded in the SN properties but not in the prompt emission. Future spectra of GRB-SNe at z {approx}> 0.3 will shed light on the full dispersion of SN properties for standard long GRBs, on the relation between SNe associated with sub-energetic and standard GRBs, and on a potential dispersion in the associated SN types.

Berger, E.; Chornock, R.; Holmes, T. R.; Foley, R. J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Cucchiara, A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, M.S. 50-F, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Wolf, C.; Podsiadlowski, Ph. [Department of Astrophysics, Denys Wilkinson Building, University of Oxford, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Fox, D. B. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Roth, K. C. [Gemini Observatory, 670 N. Aohoku Place Hilo, HI 96720 (United States)

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

305

The metamorphosis of Supernova SN2008D/XRF080109: a link between Supernovae and GRBs/Hypernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The only supernovae (SNe) to have shown early gamma-ray or X-ray emission thus far are overenergetic, broad-lined Type Ic SNe (Hypernovae - HNe). Recently, SN 2008D shows several novel features: (i) weak XRF, (ii) an early, narrow optical peak, (iii) disappearance of the broad lines typical of SNIc HNe, (iv) development of He lines as in SNeIb. Detailed analysis shows that SN 2008D was not a normal SN: its explosion energy (KE ~ 6*10^{51} erg) and ejected mass (~7 Msun) are intermediate between normal SNeIbc and HNe. We derive that SN 2008D was originally a ~30Msun star. When it collapsed a black hole formed and a weak, mildly relativistic jet was produced, which caused the XRF. SN 2008D is probably among the weakest explosions that produce relativistic jets. Inner engine activity appears to be present whenever massive stars collapse to black holes.

Paolo A. Mazzali; Stefano Valenti; Massimo Della Valle; Guido Chincarini; Daniel N. Sauer; Stefano Benetti; Elena Pian; Tsvi Piran; Valerio D'Elia; Nancy Elias-Rosa; Raffaella Margutti; Francesco Pasotti; L. Angelo Antonelli; Filomena Bufano; Sergio Campana; Enrico Cappellaro; Stefano Covino; Paolo D'Avanzo; Fabrizio Fiore; Dino Fugazza; Roberto Gilmozzi; Deborah Hunter; Kate Maguire; Elisabetta Maiorano; Paola Marziani; Nicola Masetti; Felix Mirabel; Hripsime Navasardyan; Ken'ichi Nomoto; Eliana Palazzi; Andrea Pastorello; Nino Panagia; Leonardo J. Pellizza; Re'em Sari; Stephen Smartt; Gianpiero Tagliaferri; Masaomi Tanaka; Stefan Taubenberger; Nozomu Tominaga; Carrie Trundle; Massimo Turatto

2008-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

306

SnO2-gated AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors based oxygen sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrothermally grown SnO2 was integrated with AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) sensor as the gate electrode for oxygen detection. The crystalline of the SnO2 was improved after annealing at 400 C. The grain growth kinetics of the SnO2 nanomaterials, together with the O2 gas sensing properties and sensing mechanism of the SnO2 gated HEMT sensors were investigated. Detection of 1% oxygen in nitrogen at 100 C was possible. A low operation temperature and low power consumption oxygen sensor can be achieved by combining the SnO2 films with the AlGaN/GaN HEMT structure

Hung, S.T. [Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan; Chung, Chi-Jung [Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan; Chen, Chin Ching [University of Florida, Gainesville; Lo, C. F. [University of Florida; Ren, F. [University of Florida; Pearton, S. J. [University of Florida; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Photovoltaic properties of n-type SnS contact on the unpolished p-type Si surfaces with and without sulfide treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fabrication and detailed electrical properties of heterojunction diodes based on n-type SnS (n-SnS) and p-type Si (p-Si) were reported. The effect of sulfide treatment of p-Si on the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the n-SnS/unpolished p-Si ... Keywords: Si, SnS, Solar cells, Surface treatment

Chung-Cheng Huang, Yow-Jon Lin, Chia-Jyi Liu, Yao-Wei Yang

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

PTF 10bzf (SN 2010ah): A BROAD-LINE Ic SUPERNOVA DISCOVERED BY THE PALOMAR TRANSIENT FACTORY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the discovery and follow-up observations of a broad-line Type Ic supernova (SN), PTF 10bzf (SN 2010ah), detected by the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF) on 2010 February 23. The SN distance is {approx_equal}218 Mpc, greater than GRB 980425/SN 1998bw and GRB 060218/SN 2006aj, but smaller than the other SNe firmly associated with gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). We conducted a multi-wavelength follow-up campaign with Palomar 48 inch, Palomar 60 inch, Gemini-N, Keck, Wise, Swift, the Allen Telescope Array, Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy, Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope, and Expanded Very Large Array. Here we compare the properties of PTF 10bzf with those of SN 1998bw and other broad-line SNe. The optical luminosity and spectral properties of PTF 10bzf suggest that this SN is intermediate, in kinetic energy and amount of {sup 56}Ni, between non-GRB-associated SNe like 2002ap or 1997ef, and GRB-associated SNe like 1998bw. No X-ray or radio counterpart to PTF 10bzf was detected. X-ray upper limits allow us to exclude the presence of an underlying X-ray afterglow as luminous as that of other SN-associated GRBs such as GRB 030329 or GRB 031203. Early-time radio upper limits do not show evidence for mildly relativistic ejecta. Late-time radio upper limits rule out the presence of an underlying off-axis GRB, with energy and wind density similar to the SN-associated GRB 030329 and GRB 031203. Finally, by performing a search for a GRB in the time window and at the position of PTF 10bzf, we find that no GRB in the interplanetary network catalog could be associated with this SN.

Corsi, A. [LIGO Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, MS 100-36, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Ofek, E. O.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Kasliwal, M. M. [Cahill Center for Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Frail, D. A. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 0, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Poznanski, D.; Nugent, P. [Computational Cosmology Center, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Arcavi, I.; Gal-Yam, A.; Green, Y.; Xu, D.; Ben-ami, S. [Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); Hurley, K. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California Berkeley, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Mazzali, P. A. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico, vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy); Howell, D. A.; Murray, D. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Inc., Santa Barbara, CA 93117 (United States); Sullivan, M. [Department of Physics (Astrophysics), University of Oxford, DWB, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Bloom, J. S.; Cenko, S. B. [Department of Astronomy, 601 Campbell Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Law, N. M., E-mail: corsi@caltech.edu [Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto M5S 3H4, Ontario (Canada)

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

309

Microwave-assisted hydrothermal synthesis of porous SnO{sub 2} nanotubes and their lithium ion storage properties  

SciTech Connect

Porous SnO{sub 2} nanotubes have been synthesized by a rapid microwave-assisted hydrothermal process followed by annealing in air. The detailed morphological and structural studies indicate that the SnO{sub 2} tubes typically have diameters from 200 to 400 nm, lengths from 0.5 to 1.5 {mu}m and wall thicknesses from 50 to 100 nm. The SnO{sub 2} nanotubes are self-assembled by interconnected nanocrystals with sizes {approx}8 nm resulting in a specific surface area of {approx}54 m{sup 2} g{sup -1}. The pristine SnO{sub 2} nanotubes are used to fabricate lithium half cells to evaluate their lithium ion storage properties. The porous SnO{sub 2} nanotubes are characteristic with high lithium ion storage capacity, that is found to be 1258, 951, 757, 603, 458, and 288 mAh g{sup -1}, at 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2, and 4C, respectively. The enhanced electrochemical properties of the SnO{sub 2} nanotubes can be ascribed to their unique geometry and porous structures. - Graphical abstract: Porous SnO{sub 2} nanotubes are synthesized by a fast microwave-assisted hydrothermal process and exhibit high lithium ion storage properties due to their unique geometry and porous characteristics. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A microwave-assisted hydrothermal method was used to prepare porous SnO{sub 2} nanotubes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The porous SnO{sub 2} nanotubes have abundant mesopores on their tube walls. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The porous SnO{sub 2} nanotubes possess high lithium ion storage properties. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Our results may promote the development of high-performance anode materials.

Wang, H.E., E-mail: hongen.wang@gmail.com [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Center of Super-Diamond and Advanced Films (COSDAF), City University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Xi, L.J.; Ma, R.G. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Lu, Z.G. [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Chung, C.Y. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Bello, I. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Center of Super-Diamond and Advanced Films (COSDAF), City University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Zapien, J.A., E-mail: apjazs@cityu.edu.hk [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Center of Super-Diamond and Advanced Films (COSDAF), City University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

How is the blazar GeV emission really produced?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the external Compton (EC) model for the production of the GeV emission in blazars makes specific predictions for the spectrum and variability of those blazars characterized by a high Compton dominance (Compton to synchrotron luminosity ratio). These unavoidable features have not been observed, casting doubt on the validity of this popular model. We argue that synchrotron-self Compton (SSC) models including the higher orders of Compton scattering are more promising, and we briefly discuss the implications of our findings for the geometry of the broad line region (BLR).

Markos Georganopoulos; Eric Perlman; Demosthenes Kazanas; Brian Wingert

2005-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

311

The Jefferson Lab 12 GeV Upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major upgrade of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is in progress. Construction began in 2008 and the project should be completed in 2015. The upgrade includes doubling the energy of the electron beam to 12 GeV, the addition of a new fourth experimental hall, and new experimental equipment in three of the experimental halls. A brief overview of this upgrade project is presented along with some highlights of the anticipated experimental program.

R.D. McKeown

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

8 GeV H- ions: Transport and injection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fermilab is working on the design of an 8 GeV superconducting RF H{sup -} linac called the Proton Driver. The energy of H{sup -} beam will be an order of magnitude higher than the existing ones. This brings up a number of technical challenges to transport and injection of H{sup -} ions. This paper will focus on the subjects of stripping losses (including stripping by blackbody radiation, field and residual gas) and carbon foil stripping efficiency, along with a brief discussion on other issues such as Stark states lifetime of hydrogen atoms, single and multiple Coulomb scattering, foil heating and stress, radiation activation, collimation and jitter correction, etc.

Chou, W.; Bryant, H.; Drozhdin, A.; Hill, C.; Kostin, M.; Macek, R.; Ostiguy, J.-F.; Rees, G.H.; Tang, Z.; Yoon, P.; /Fermilab /New Mexico U. /Los Alamos /Rutherford

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Vermont Yankee's benefits and concerns operating with Axially zoned GE9 fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vermont Yankee (VY) is a 368-assembly, D-lattice, boiling water reactor (BWR)/4. The current cycle 16 contains 252 GE9 assemblies with axial zoning of gadolinium and enrichment, 112 GE8 assemblies with axially zoned gadolinium, and 4 Siemens 9 x 9-IX lead qualification assemblies. In this paper, the performance of the GE9-dominated core is evaluated against previous cores containing less sophisticated fuel designs.

Woehlke, R.A. (Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Bolton, MA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

SnO2 nanoparticle-based passive capacitive sensor for ethylene detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A passive capacitor-based ethylene sensor using SnO2 nanoparticles is presented for the detection of ethylene gas. The nanoscale particle size (10 nm to 15 nm) and film thickness (1300 nm) of the sensing dielectric layer in the capacitor model ...

Mangilal Agarwal; Mercyma D. Balachandran; Sudhir Shrestha; Kody Varahramyan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Microstructure and electrical mechanism of Sn-xAg-Cu PV-ribbon for solar cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microstructure, fusion current, and series resistance of photovoltaic (PV) ribbon containing SAC105 and SAC305 alloys are investigated. After reflow, the interfacial microstructures of solder/Cu and solder/Ag were observed and an electrical current ... Keywords: Electrical properties, Photovoltaic ribbon, Sn-Ag-Cu

Kuan-Jen Chen, Fei-Yi Hung, Truan-Sheng Lui, Li-Hui Chen, Dai-Wen Qiu, Ta-Lung Chou

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Fueled viking generator S/N 106 acceptance vibration test report  

SciTech Connect

The Viking Generator S/N 106 was vibrated to the Teledyne Isotope Flight Acceptance Schedule (Random Only) with no deviation from normal generator functional output. Radiographic analysis and power tests before and after the vibration test indicated no change in the condition of the generator. The work was conducted in the Alpha Fuels Environmental Test Facility at Mound Laboratory.

Anderson, C.; Brewer, C.O.; Abrahamson, S.G.

1976-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

317

G Ge Get Get E Get El Get Ele Get Elec Get Elect Get Electr Get ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

G. Ge. Get. Get E. Get El. Get Ele. Get Elec. Get Elect. Get Electr. Get Electri. Get Electrif. Get Electrifi. Get Electrifie. Get Electrified. Get Electrified Electronic...

318

Application of Alloy 718 in GE Aircraft Engines: Past, Present and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Robert E. Schafrik, Douglas D. Ward, Jon R. Groh. GE Aircraft Engines. Materials and Process Engineering Department. Cincinnati. Ohio 452 15. ABSTRACT.

319

EE3, Molecular Beam Epitaxy of Very Thin Fluoride Films on Ge(111)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RTDs were fabricated on Ge substrates by using the initial fluoride layer grown under the optimized condition. The various fluoride layers grown by the single...

320

Molten salt cooling//sup 17/Li-/sup 83/Pb breeding blanket concept  

SciTech Connect

A description of a fusion breeding blanket concept using draw salt coolant and static /sup 17/Li-/sup 83/Pb is presented. /sup 17/Li-/sup 83/Pb has high breeding capability and low tritium solubility. Draw salt operates at low pressure and is inert to water. Corrosion, MHD, and tritium containment problems associated with the MARS design are alleviated because of the use of a static LiPb blanket. Blanket tritium recovery is by permeation toward the plasma. A direct contact steam generator is proposed to eliminate some generic problems associated with a tube shell steam generator.

Sze, D.K.; Cheng, E.T.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Laboratory studies of PbS scale formation in steel pipes  

SciTech Connect

Experimental results are reported on the deposition rates and the morphology of scales. The data are obtained under conditions that resemble the rather sudden PbS supersaturation occurring in geothermal brines. It is concluded that PbS scale formation is strongly influenced by both pH and concentration, in the range of very small concentrations of practical interest. For a fixed PbS concentration, appreciable scale formation takes place within a limited pH range of about two units. Based on data interpretation, possible mechanisms of sulfide scale formation are suggested.

Andritsos, N.; Karabelas, A.J. (Thessaloniki Univ. (Greece). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

The Jefferson Lab program: From 6 GeV operations to the 12 GeV upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory and the CEBAF accelerator operated for more than a decade, running a comprehensive scientific program that improved our understanding of the strong interaction. The facility is now moving toward an upgrade of the machine, from 6 to 12 GeV; a new experimental hall will be added and the equipment of the three existing halls will be enhanced. In this contribution some selected results from the rich physics program run at JLab, as well as the prospects for the near future, will be presented.

Marco Battaglieri

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Radiation microscope for SEE testing using GeV ions.  

SciTech Connect

Radiation Effects Microscopy is an extremely useful technique in failure analysis of electronic parts used in radiation environment. It also provides much needed support for development of radiation hard components used in spacecraft and nuclear weapons. As the IC manufacturing technology progresses, more and more overlayers are used; therefore, the sensitive region of the part is getting farther and farther from the surface. The thickness of these overlayers is so large today that the traditional microbeams, which are used for REM are unable to reach the sensitive regions. As a result, higher ion beam energies have to be used (> GeV), which are available only at cyclotrons. Since it is extremely complicated to focus these GeV ion beams, a new method has to be developed to perform REM at cyclotrons. We developed a new technique, Ion Photon Emission Microscopy, where instead of focusing the ion beam we use secondary photons emitted from a fluorescence layer on top of the devices being tested to determine the position of the ion hit. By recording this position information in coincidence with an SEE signal we will be able to indentify radiation sensitive regions of modern electronic parts, which will increase the efficiency of radiation hard circuits.

Doyle, Barney Lee; Knapp, James Arthur; Rossi, Paolo; Hattar, Khalid M.; Vizkelethy, Gyorgy; Brice, David Kenneth; Branson, Janelle V.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

12 GeV Upgrade Project - Cryomodule Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) is producing ten 100+MV SRF cryomodules (C100) as part of the CEBAF 12 GeV Upgrade Project. Once installed, these cryomodules will become part of an integrated accelerator system upgrade that will result in doubling the energy of the CEBAF machine from 6 to 12 GeV. This paper will present a complete overview of the C100 cryomodule production process. The C100 cryomodule was designed to have the major components procured from private industry and assembled together at Jefferson Lab. In addition to measuring the integrated component performance, the performance of the individual components is verified prior to being released for production and assembly into a cryomodule. Following a comprehensive cold acceptance test of all subsystems, the completed C100 cryomodules are installed and commissioned in the CEBAF machine in preparation of accelerator operations. This overview of the cryomodule production process will include all principal performance measurements, acceptance criterion and up to date status of current activities.

J. Hogan, A. Burrill, G.K. Davis, M.A. Drury, M. Wiseman

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Hotcell Examination of GE11 and GE13 BWR Fuel Exposed to 52 and 65 GWd/MTU at the Limerick 1 and 2 Reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BWR fuel components of the GE11 and GE13 (9x9) designs that operated to either 51-53 or 65 GWd/MTU average exposure in the Limerick 1 and Limerick 2 reactors were examined in the GE Vallecitos hotcells. The irradiation of the components and their examination are part of a program to quantify operating margins, to improve fuel-cycle economics by increasing exposure to which BWR fuel can operate, and to evaluate the effects of cladding process and operation in NobleChemTM water chemistry. The post-irradiat...

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

326

Strong enhancement of superconductivity in a nanosized Pb bridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent experiments with a superconducting nanosized Pb bridge formed between a scanning tunneling microscope tip and a substrate, superconductivity has been detected at magnetic fields, which are few times larger than the third (surface) critical field. We describe the observed phenomenon on the basis of a numerical solution of the Ginzburg-Landau equations in a model structure consisting of six conoids. The spatial distribution of the superconducting phase is shown to be strongly inhomogeneous, with concentration of the superconducting phase near the narrowest part (the neck) of the bridge. We show that suppression of superconductivity in the bridge by applied magnetic field or by temperature first occurs near the bases and then in the neck region, what leads to a continuous superconducting-to-normal resistive transition. A position of the transition midpoint depends on temperature and, typically, is by one order of magnitude higher than the second critical field Hc2. We find that the vortex states can be realized in the bridge at low temperatures T/Tc ? 0.6. The vortex states lead to a fine structure of the superconducting-to-normal resistive transition. We also analyze vortex states in the bridge, which are characterized by a varying vorticity as a function of the bridges height.

V. R. Misko; V. M. Fomin; J. T. Devreese

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

The spinal muscular atrophy disease gene product, SMN: a link between snRNP biogenesis and the Cajal (coiled) body  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The spliceosomal snRNAs U1, U2, U4, and U5 are synthesized in the nucleus, exported to the cytoplasm to assemble with Sm proteins, and reimported to the nucleus as ribonucleoprotein particles. Recently, two novel proteins involved in biogenesis of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) were identified, the Spinal muscular atrophy disease gene product (SMN) and its associated protein SIP1. It was previously reported that in HeLa cells, SMN and SIP1 form discrete foci located next to Cajal (coiled) bodies, the so-called gemini of coiled bodies or gems. An intriguing feature of gems is that they do not appear to contain sn-RNPs. Here we show that gems are present in a variable but small proportion of rapidly proliferating cells in culture. In the vast majority of cultured cells and in all primary neurons analyzed, SMN and SIP1 colocalize precisely with snRNPs in the Cajal body. The presence of SMN and SIP1 in Cajal bodies is confirmed by immunoelectron microscopy and by microinjection of antibodies that interfere with the integrity of the structure. The association of SMN with snRNPs and coilin persists during cell division, but at the end of mitosis there is a lag period between assembly of new Cajal bodies in the nucleus and detection of SMN in these structures, suggesting that SMN is targeted to preformed Cajal bodies. Finally, treatment of cells with leptomycin B (a drug that blocks export of U snRNAs to the cytoplasm and consequently import of new snRNPs into the nucleus) is shown to deplete snRNPs (but not SMN or SIP1) from the Cajal body. This suggests that snRNPs flow through the Cajal body during their biogenesis pathway.

Teresa Carvalho; Ftima Almeida; Re Calapez; Miguel Lafarga; Maria T. Berciano; Maria Carmo-fonseca

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Controlling atomistic processes on Pb films via quantum size effects and lattice rotation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two main techniques used to record the data in this dissertation were Spot Profile Analysis - Low Energy Electron Diffraction (SPA-LEED) and Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM). A specific data analysis technique for LEED data called G(S) curves is described in depth. G(S) curves can provide a great deal of structural information about the surface; including step heights, island size, and island separation. The effects of quantum size effects (QSE) on the diffusion and critical island sizes of Pb and In on Pb #12;films are reported. Pb depositions on the 2D In phases {radical}3 and {radical}31 to see how the phases affect the Pb growth and its strong QSE are reported.

Binz, Steven

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

329

Simulation of Atmospheric Circulation over Tahiti and of Local Effects on the Transport of 210Pb  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric transport of the natural radionuclide 210Pb is simulated by a general circulation model (GCM) and calculated surface concentrations are compared with those recorded at the Tahiti station on a daily scale. Numerical results for 2006 ...

P. Heinrich; X. Blanchard

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Improving PbS Quantum Dot Solar Cell Power Conversion Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

research team developed a new process that improves the efficiency of PbS quantum dot solar power conversion. Key Result By using a transition metal oxide in the quantum dot...

331

Hadron production and QGP Hadronization in Pb--Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that all central rapidity hadron yields measured in Pb--Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV are well described by the chemical non-equilibrium statistical hadronization model (SHM), where the chemically equilibrated QGP source breaks up directly into hadrons. SHM parameters are obtained as a function of centrality of colliding ions, and we compare CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) with Brookhaven National Laboratory Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) results. We predict yields of unobserved hadrons and address anti-matter production. The physical properties of the quark--gluon plasma fireball particle source show universality of hadronization conditions at LHC and RHIC.

Michal Petran; Jean Letessier; Vojtech Petracek; Johann Rafelski

2013-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

332

J$?$ nuclear modification factor at mid-rapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$2.76 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the J$\\psi$ nuclear modification factor $R_{\\rm AA}$ at mid-rapidity ($|y|<0.9$) in Pb-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$2.76 TeV measured by ALICE. J$\\psi$ candidates are reconstructed using their $e^+e^-$ decay channel. The kinematical coverage extends to zero transverse momentum allowing the measurement of integrated cross sections. We show the centrality dependence of the J$\\psi$ $R_{\\rm AA}$ at mid-rapidity compared to the results from PHENIX at mid-rapidity and ALICE results at forward-rapidity. We also discuss comparisons to calculations from theoretical models.

Ionut-Cristian Arsene; for the ALICE Collaboration

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

333

Effect of 1918 PB1-F2 expression on influenza A virus infection kinetics  

SciTech Connect

Relatively little is known about the viral factors contributing to the lethality of the 1918 pandemic, although its unparalleled virulence was likely due in part to the newly discovered PB1-F2 protein. This protein, while unnecessary for replication, increases apoptosis in monocytes, alters viral polymerase activity in vitro, and produces enhanced inflammation and increased secondary pneumonia in vivo. However, the effects the PB1-F2 protein have in vivo remain unclear. To address the mechanisms involved, we intranasally infected groups of mice with either influenza A virus PR8 or a genetically engineered virus that expresses the 1918 PB1-F2 protein on a PR8 background, PR8-PB1-F2(1918). Mice inoculated with PR8 had viral concentrations peaking at 72 hours, while those infected with PR8-PB1-F2(1918) reached peak concentrations earlier, 48 hours. Mice given PR8-PB1-F2(1918) also showed a faster decline in viral loads. We fit a mathematical model to these data to estimate parameter values and select the best model. This model supports a lower viral clearance rate and higher infected cell death rate with the PR8-PB1-F2(1918) virus, although the viral production rate may also be higher. We hypothesize that the higher PR8-PB1-F2(1918) viral titers early in an infection are due to both an increase in viral production with decreased viral clearance, and that the faster decline in the later stages of infection result from elevated cell death rates. We discuss the implications these mechanisms have during an infection with a virus expressing a virulent PBI-F2 on the possibility of a pandemic and on the importance of antiviral treatments.

Ribeiro, Ruy [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Perelson, Alan S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Amber M [UNIV OF UTAH; Adler, Frederick R [UNIV OF UTAH; Mcauley, Julie L [ST. JUDES CHILDREN RESEARCH; Mccullers, Jonathan A [ST. JUDES CHILDREN RESEARCH

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Gluon saturation in dijet production in p-Pb collisions at Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study saturation effects in the production of dijets in p-p and p-Pb collisions using the framework of high energy factorization. We focus on central-forward jet configurations, which allow for probing gluon density at low longitudinal momentum fraction. We find significant suppression of the central-forward jet decorrelations in p-Pb compared to p-p, which we attribute to saturation of gluon density in nuclei.

Krzysztof Kutak; Sebastian Sapeta

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

335

Observation of the polarization in reaction ????n at 40 GeV/c  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The preliminary results of polarization measurements in reaction ??+p??+n at 40 GeV/c for the 4?momentum transfers up to 1 (GeV/c)2 are presented. Averaged blue of the polarization in the t?range 0

V. D. Apokin; I. A. Avvakumov; N. S. Borisov; B. V. Chuiko; Yu. M. Goncharenko; Yu. M. Kazarinov; B. A. Khachaturov; G. G. G. Macharashvili; V. N. Matafonov; Yu. A. Matulenko; A. P. Meschanin; A. I. Mysnik; A. B. Neganov; S. B. Nurushev; L. B. Parfenov; A. F. Prudkogliad; A. I. Saraykin; E. V. Smirnov; V. L. Solovyanov; L. F. Solovyev; Yu. A. Usov; A. N. Vasilyev

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Ge integration on Si via rare earth oxide buffers: From MBE to CVD (Invited Paper)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single crystalline rare earth oxide heterostructures are flexible buffer systems to achieve the monolithic integration of Ge thin film structures on Si. The development of engineered oxide systems suitable for mass-production compatible CVD processes ... Keywords: Engineered Si wafers, Ge integration, Heteroepitaxy, Rare earth oxides, X-ray diffraction

T. Schroeder; A. Giussani; H. -J. Muessig; G. Weidner; I. Costina; Ch. Wenger; M. Lukosius; P. Storck; P. Zaumseil

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Gamma-ray energies for calibration of Ge(Li) spectrometers  

SciTech Connect

Gamma-ray energies are compared for bent-crystal measurements, Ge(Li) measurements, and other measurements. 150 gamma-ray energies below 3450 keV from 35 isotopes are being calibrated for calibration of Ge(Li) spectrometers. (WHK)

Helmer, R.G.; Greenwood, R.C.; Gehrke, R.J.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Axial Ge/Si nanowire heterostructure tunnel FETs  

SciTech Connect

The vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth of semiconductor nanowires allows doping and composition modulation along their axis and the realization of axial 1 D heterostructures. This provides additional flexibility in energy band-edge engineering along the transport direction which is difficult to attain by planar materials growth and processing techniques. We report here on the design, growth, fabrication, and characterization of asymmetric heterostructure tunnel field-effect transistors (HTFETs) based on 100% compositionally modulated Si/Ge axial NWs for high on-current operation and low ambipolar transport behavior. We discuss the optimization of band-offsets and Schottky barrier heights for high performance HTFETs and issues surrounding their experimental realization. Our HTFET devices with 10 nm PECVD SiN{sub x} gate dielectric resulted in a measured current drive exceeding 100 {mu}A/{mu}m (I/{pi}D) and 10{sup 5} I{sub on}/I{sub off} ratios.

Picraux, Sanuel T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Daych, Shadi A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Microsoft Word - Poster Abstract_2010_GE Global Reserach.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

current collector geometry on ohmic resistance current collector geometry on ohmic resistance H. Cao, S. Gaunt, T. Striker and M.J. Alinger* GE Global Research, One Research Circle, Niskayuna, NY 12309 In order to directly measure the cathode current collector ohmic resistance contribution to the total cell resistance, contact resistance measurements are typically made. In addition to starting cell resistance contributions, these tests provide data regarding resistance changes over time for interpretation of performance degradation. However, the geometries of the current collection used during this testing are often not directly representative of operational fuel cells. Thus, an experimental study was initiated to investigate the effect of various interconnect geometries and their influence on Area

340

Direct Detection of Sub-GeV Dark Matter  

SciTech Connect

Direct detection strategies are proposed for dark matter particles with MeV to GeV mass. In this largely unexplored mass range, dark matter scattering with electrons can cause single-electron ionization signals, which are detectable with current technology. Ultraviolet photons, individual ions, and heat are interesting alternative signals. Focusing on ionization, we calculate the expected dark matter scattering rates and estimate the sensitivity of possible experiments. Backgrounds that may be relevant are discussed. Theoretically interesting models can be probed with existing technologies, and may even be within reach using ongoing direct detection experiments. Significant improvements in sensitivity should be possible with dedicated experiments, opening up a window to new regions in dark matter parameter space.

Essig, Rouven; Mardon, Jeremy; Volansky, Tomer

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

200-GeV ISA with room temperature magnets  

SciTech Connect

A conceptual design study of 200-GeV proton intersecting storage accclerators with room temperature magnets is presented. The key to this study was thc desire to keep the electric power consumptiom to an acceptable level (40 MW). The design has been optimized by choosing small-gap (4 cm) aluminum coil dipoles operating at about 15 kG. The luminosity of this machine is limited to about 10/sup 32/ cm-/sup -2/ sec/sup -1/ by transverse space-charg e effects. An order of magnitude higher luminositics can be obtained by adding a booster of modest cost. A novel vacuum system using distributed Ti-sublimation pumps results in considerable savings. A cost comparison with a high-luminosity superconducting machine is given. (auth)

Willis, W.J.; Danby, G.T.; Hahn, H.; Halama, H.J.; Maschke, A.W.; Month, M.; Parzen, G.; Polk, I.

1974-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

342

Activation and thermal stability of ultra-shallow B{sup +}-implants in Ge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The activation and thermal stability of ultra-shallow B{sup +} implants in crystalline (c-Ge) and preamorphized Ge (PA-Ge) following rapid thermal annealing was investigated using micro Hall effect and ion beam analysis techniques. The residual implanted dose of ultra-shallow B{sup +} implants in Ge was characterized using elastic recoil detection and was determined to correlate well with simulations with a dose loss of 23.2%, 21.4%, and 17.6% due to ion backscattering for 2, 4, and 6 keV implants in Ge, respectively. The electrical activation of ultra-shallow B{sup +} implants at 2, 4, and 6 keV to fluences ranging from 5.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13} to 5.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} cm{sup -2} was studied using micro Hall effect measurements after annealing at 400-600 Degree-Sign C for 60 s. For both c-Ge and PA-Ge, a large fraction of the implanted dose is rendered inactive due to the formation of a presumable B-Ge cluster. The B lattice location in samples annealed at 400 Degree-Sign C for 60 s was characterized by channeling analysis with a 650 keV H{sup +} beam by utilizing the {sup 11}B(p, {alpha})2{alpha} nuclear reaction and confirmed the large fraction of off-lattice B for both c-Ge and PA-Ge. Within the investigated annealing range, no significant change in activation was observed. An increase in the fraction of activated dopant was observed with increasing energy which suggests that the surface proximity and the local point defect environment has a strong impact on B activation in Ge. The results suggest the presence of an inactive B-Ge cluster for ultra-shallow implants in both c-Ge and PA-Ge that remains stable upon annealing for temperatures up to 600 Degree-Sign C.

Yates, B. R.; Darby, B. L.; Jones, K. S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Petersen, D. H. [DTU Nanotech, Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Hansen, O. [DTU Nanotech, Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); CINF, Center for Individual Nanoparticle Functionality, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Lin, R.; Nielsen, P. F. [CAPRES A/S, Scion-DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Romano, L. [IMM-CNR MATIS and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Doyle, B. L. [Sandia National Laboratories, MS-1056, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Kontos, A. [Applied Materials, Gloucester, Massachusetts 01930 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

343

Titan Propels GE Wind Turbine Research into New Territory | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features Features 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 News Home | ORNL | News | Features | 2013 SHARE Titan Propels GE Wind Turbine Research into New Territory Simulations of freezing water can help engineers design better blades GE simulated hundreds of water droplets, each including one million molecules. Simulations accelerated at least 200 times over pre-GPU estimates permitting GE to study the nucleation of individual ice molecules.Vizualization by M. Matheson (ORNL) GE simulated hundreds of water droplets, each including one million molecules. Simulations accelerated at least 200 times over pre-GPU estimates permitting GE to study the nucleation of individual ice molecules.Vizualization by M. Matheson (ORNL) (hi-res image) The amount of global electricity supplied by wind, the world's fastest

344

VEA-0016 - In the Matter of GE Appliances | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 - In the Matter of GE Appliances 6 - In the Matter of GE Appliances VEA-0016 - In the Matter of GE Appliances Sub-Zero Freezer Co. (Sub-Zero), GE Appliances (GE), and Whirlpool Corporation (Whirlpool) filed appeals of our November 3, 2000 decision, granting Viking Range Corporation (Viking) a six-month exception from the 2001 energy appliance efficiency standards for built-in refrigerators. Viking Range Corp., 28 DOE ¶ 81,002 (2000). As discussed below, we have granted the appeals in part. As a result, the six-month exception will be limited to 475 refrigerators per month and will be subject to a monthly reporting requirement. vea0015-16-17.pdf More Documents & Publications VEH-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. VEA-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. VEA-0017 - In the Matter of Whirlpool Corporation

345

BTATEMENT OF CONBZDRUATIOHN REQUEST BY GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY(GE) FOR AN ADVANCED WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DEC. -15' 97(MON) 00:19 IPL DO DEC. -15' 97(MON) 00:19 IPL DO TEL:I 630 5 2779 P. 002 BTATEMENT OF CONBZDRUATIOHN REQUEST BY GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY(GE) FOR AN ADVANCED WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC36-97GO10236, W(A)-97-024, CH-0929 The Petitioner, General Electric Company (GE), was awarded this cooperative agreement in response to a proposal for an affordable compact fluorescent lamp (CFL). The initial phase of this work is being performed under DOE Contract No. DE-FC36-97G010236. GE has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions under this agreement. As brought out in GE's response to questions 2& 3, the total estimated cost of the project is $1,117,342 with GE paying 25% and DOE providing the balance.

346

GE, Clean Energy Fuels Partner to Expand Natural Gas Highway | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GE, Clean Energy Fuels Partner to Expand Natural Gas Highway GE, Clean Energy Fuels Partner to Expand Natural Gas Highway Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy Jessi3bl's picture Submitted by Jessi3bl(15) Member 16 December, 2012 - 19:18 clean energy Clean Energy Fuels energy Environment Fuel GE Innovation Partnerships Technology Innovation & Solutions Transportation Trucking GE, Clean Energy Fuels Partner to Expand 'Natural Gas Highway' GE and Clean Energy Fuels announced a collaboration to expand the infrastructure for natural gas transportation in the United States. The agreement supports Clean Energy's efforts in developing America's Natural Gas Highway, a fueling network that will enable trucks to operate on liquefied natural gas coast to coast and border to border. Clean Energy Fuels will initially purchase two ecomagination-qualified

347

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GE ENERGY (USA) LLC, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

902; W(A)-2012-019; CH-1662 902; W(A)-2012-019; CH-1662 GE Energy (USA) LLC (GE), requests an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above cooperative agreement for work entitled, "Seeping Studies to Evaluate the Benefits of an Advanced Dry Feed System on the Use of Low-Rank Coal". Under this agreement, GE will demonstrate the advantage of using GE's new, advanced dry feed system (Posimetric Feed System-PFS) for converting low rank coal to electrical power in an IGCC plant configured for 90% Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS). The PFS is centered on GE's proprietary Posimetric Feeder, a mechanical device that behaves like a particulate solids pump and is capable of pressurizing dry, ground coal to over 100 psi

348

An ultra-thin buffer layer for Ge epitaxial layers on Si  

SciTech Connect

Using an Fe{sub 3}Si insertion layer, we study epitaxial growth of Ge layers on a Si substrate by a low-temperature molecular beam epitaxy technique. When we insert only a 10-nm-thick Fe{sub 3}Si layer in between Si and Ge, epitaxial Ge layers can be obtained on Si. The detailed structural characterizations reveal that a large lattice mismatch of {approx}4% is completely relaxed in the Fe{sub 3}Si layer. This means that the Fe{sub 3}Si layers can become ultra-thin buffer layers for Ge on Si. This method will give a way to realize a universal buffer layer for Ge, GaAs, and related devices on a Si platform.

Kawano, M.; Yamada, S.; Tanikawa, K.; Miyao, M.; Hamaya, K. [Department of Electronics, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan)] [Department of Electronics, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan); Sawano, K. [Advanced Research Laboratories, Tokyo City University, 8-15-1 Todoroki, Tokyo 158-0082 (Japan)] [Advanced Research Laboratories, Tokyo City University, 8-15-1 Todoroki, Tokyo 158-0082 (Japan)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

349

Mn solid solutions in self-assembled Ge/Si (001) quantum dot heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

Heteroepitaxial Ge{sub 0.98}Mn{sub 0.02} quantum dots (QDs) on Si (001) were grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The standard Ge wetting layer-hut-dome-superdome sequence was observed, with no indicators of second phase formation in the surface morphology. We show that Mn forms a dilute solid solution in the Ge quantum dot layer, and a significant fraction of the Mn partitions into a sparse array of buried, Mn-enriched silicide precipitates directly underneath a fraction of the Ge superdomes. The magnetic response from the ultra-thin film indicates the absence of robust room temperature ferromagnetism, perhaps due to anomalous intermixing of Si into the Ge quantum dots.

Kassim, J.; Nolph, C.; Reinke, P.; Floro, J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States); Jamet, M. [Institut Nanosciences et Cryogenie/SP2M, CEA-UJF, F-38054 Grenoble (France)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

350

Preparation of Mn{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} nanoparticles as the anode material for lithium secondary battery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ultrafine Mn{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} nanoparticles with diameters of 5-10 nm have been prepared by thermal decomposition of precursor MnSn(OH){sub 6}. The MnSn(OH){sub 6} nanoparticles precursor was synthesized by a hydrothermal microemulsion method. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction have been employed to characterize the crystal structures and morphologies of the as-prepared samples. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy observations revealed that the as-synthesized nanoparticles were single crystals. The thermal characterization was studied by differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetry analysis measurements. Electrochemical test showed that the Mn{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} nanoparticles exhibited a high initial charge-discharge capacity of 1320 mAh/g.

Lei Shuijin [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanchang University, No. 999, Xuefu Avenue Honggutan New District, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330031 (China)], E-mail: shjlei@ncu.edu.cn; Tang Kaibin [Nanomaterial and Nanochemistry, Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Micro-scale, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)], E-mail: kbtang@ustc.edu.cn; Chen Chunhua; Jin Yi [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Zhou Lang [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanchang University, No. 999, Xuefu Avenue Honggutan New District, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330031 (China)

2009-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

351

A three-dimensional Macroporous Cu/SnO2 composite anode sheet prepared via a novel method  

SciTech Connect

Macroporous Cu/SnO2 composite anode sheets were prepared by a novel method which is based on slurry blending, tape casting, sintering, and reducing of metal oxides. Such composite Cu/SnO2 anode sheets have no conducting carbons and binders, and show improved discharge capacity and cycle life than the SnO2 electrode from conventional tape-casting method on Cu foil. This methodology produces limited wastes and is also adaptable to many other materials. It is easy for industrial scale production. With the optimization of particle size of the metal oxide, pore size, pore volume and other factors, this kind of macroporous Cu/SnO2 composite anode sheets could give significantly improved capacity and cycle life.

Xu, Wu; Canfield, Nathan L.; Wang, Deyu; Xiao, Jie; Nie, Zimin; Zhang, Jiguang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Growth of a Au-Ni-Sn intermetallic compound on the solder-substrate interface after aging (thesis)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chan and J.K.L. Lai, Aging Studies of Cu-Sn Intermetallicfound that after extensive aging (150 C for two weeks inDarveaux, Effect of the Aging on the Strenght and Ductility

Minor, A.M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Effect of bonding and aging temperatures on bond strengths of Cu with 75Sn25In solders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present study, the interaction between thin film Cu and non-eutectic Sn-In is studied. The effects of the bonding and aging temperature on microstructure, IMC formation and also shear strength are investigated by ...

Thompson, Carl V.

354

The Effect of High-Resistance SnO2 on CdS/CdTe Device Performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, we have studied the effect of high-resistance SnO2 buffer layers, deposited by low-pressure chemical-vapor deposition, on CdS/CdTe device performance. Our results indicate that when CdS/CdTe devices have a very thin layer of CdS or no CdS at all, the i-SnO2 buffer layer helps to increase device efficiency. When the CdS layer is thicker than 600{angstrom}, the device performance is dominated by CdS thickness, not the i-SnO2 layer. If a very thin CdS layer is to be used to enhance device performance, we conclude that a better SnO2 buffer layer is needed.

Li, W.; Ribelin, R.; Mahathongdy, Y.; Albin, D.; Dhere, R.; Rose, D.; Asher, S.; Moutinho, H.; Sheldon, P.

1998-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

355

Tuning Band Gap Energies in Pb3(C6X6) Extended Solid-State Structures  

SciTech Connect

A detailed plane-wave density functional theory investigation of the solid-state properties of the extended organometallic system Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}X{sub 6} for X = O, S, Se, and Te has been performed. Initial geometry parameters for the Pb-X and C-X bond distances were obtained from optimized calculations on molecular fragment models. The Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}X{sub 6} extended solid molecular structures were constructed in the space group P6/mmm on the basis of the known structure for X = S. Ground-state geometries, band gap energies, densities of states, and charge densities were calculated with the PBE-generalized gradient exchange-correlation functional and the HSE06 hybrid exchange-correlation functional. The PBE band gap energies were found to be lower than the HSE06 values by >0.7 eV. The band energies at points of high symmetry along the first Brillouin zone in the crystal were larger than the overall band gap of the system. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}O{sub 6} was predicted to be a direct semiconductor ({Lambda} point) with a PBE band gap of 0.28 eV and an HSE06 band gap of 1.06 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}S{sub 6} and Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Se{sub 6} were predicted to have indirect band gaps. The PBE band gap for Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}S{sub 6} was 0.98 eV, and the HSE06 band gap was 1.91 eV. The HSE06 value is in good agreement with the experimentally observed band gap of 1.7 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Se{sub 6} has a PBE band gap of 0.56 eV and a HSE06 band gap of 1.41 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Te{sub 6} was predicted to be metallic with both of the PBE and HSE06 functionals. A detailed analysis of the PBE band structure and partial density of states at two points before and after the metallic behavior reveals a change in orbital character indicative of band crossing in Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Te{sub 6}. These results show that the band gap energies can be fine-tuned by changing the substituent X atom.

Stott, Amanda C.; Vaid, Thomas P.; Bylaska, Eric J.; Dixon, David A.

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

356

Sn-Li, a new coolant/breeding material for fusion applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new breeding material, Sn-Li has been proposed for the APEX and ALPS programs. The key reason for proposing this material is that it has very low vapor pressure. Since both APEX and ALPS are investigating free surface flow for the blanket and divertor, respectively, low vapor pressure is a big advantage. This paper summarizes the results from a preliminary investigation. The early conclusion is that Sn-Li can be used as the coolant/breeding material for the APEX and ALPS applications. It has several attractive features, such as low vapor pressure and high thermal conductivity, but it also has some potential issues, such as material compatibility and activation. Further investigation will be required to assess the potential advantages of this material compared to other breeding materials.

Sze, D.-K.; Mattas, R.; Wang, Z.; Cheng, E. T.; Sawan, M.; Zinkle, S.; McCarthy, K. A.

1999-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

357

Improvement of thermoelectric properties for half-Heusler TiNiSn by interstitial Ni defects  

SciTech Connect

We have synthesized off-stoichiometric Ti-Ni-Sn half-Heusler thermoelectrics in order to investigate the relation between randomly distributed defects and thermoelectric properties. A small change in the composition of Ti-Ni-Sn causes a remarkable change in the thermal conductivity. An excess content of Ni realizes a low thermal conductivity of 2.93 W/mK at room temperature while keeping a high power factor. The low thermal conductivity originates in the defects generated by an excess content of Ni. To investigate the detailed defect structure, we have performed first-principles calculations and compared with x ray photoemission spectroscopy measurement. Based on these analyses, we conclude that the excess Ni atoms randomly occupy the vacant sites in the half-Heusler structure, which play as phonon scattering centers, resulting in significant improvement of the figure of merit without any substitutions of expensive heavy elements, such as Zr and Hf.

Hazama, Hirofumi; Matsubara, Masato; Asahi, Ryoji [Toyota Central R and D Labs., Inc., Nagakute, Aichi 480-1192 (Japan); Takeuchi, Tsunehiro [Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Low energy spin dynamics in the spin ice, Ho2Sn2O7  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic properties of Ho{sub 2}Sn{sub 2}O{sub 7} have been investigated and compared to other spin ice compounds. Although the lattice has expanded by 3% relative to the better studied Ho{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} spin ice, no significant changes were observed in the high temperature properties, T {approx}> 20 K. As the temperature is lowered and correlations develop, Ho{sub 2}Sn{sub 2}O{sub 7} enters its quantum phase at a slightly higher temperature than Ho{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} and is more antiferromagnetic in character. Below 80 K a weak inelastic mode associated with the holmium nuclear spin system has been measured. The hyperfine field at the holmium nucleus was found to be {approx}700 T.

Ehlers, Georg [ORNL; Huq, Ashfia [ORNL; Diallo, Souleymane Omar [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Adriano, Cris [ORNL; Rule, K [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin; Cornelius, A. L. [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Fouquet, Peter [Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL); Pagliuso, P G [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Unicamp, Brazil; Gardner, Jason [Indiana University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

On Absorption by Circumstellar Dust, With the Progenitor of SN2012aw as a Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the progenitor of SN2012aw to illustrate the consequences of modeling circumstellar dust using Galactic (interstellar) extinction laws that (1) ignore dust emission in the near-IR and beyond; (2) average over dust compositions, and (3) mis-characterize the optical/UV absorption by assuming that scattered photons are lost to the observer. The primary consequences for the progenitor of SN2012aw are that both the luminosity and the absorption are significantly over-estimated. In particular, the stellar luminosity is most likely in the range 10^4.8 0.3 micron) and total (absorption plus scattering) V-band optical depth (tau < 20). These do not include the contributions of dust emission, but provide a simple, physical alternative to incorrectly using interstellar extinction laws.

Kochanek, C S; Dai, X

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Heat capacity of low temperature Ge- and Si-calorimeters and optimization of As-implanted silicon thermistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat capacity of low temperature Ge- and Si-calorimeters and optimization of As-implanted silicon thermistors

Alessandrello, A; Cerofolini, G F; Fiorini, Ettore; Giuliani, A; Liguori, C; Meda, L; Niinikoski, T O; Rijllart, A

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

First Measurements of the Longitudinal Bunch Profile at SLAC Using Coherent Smith-Purcell Radiation at 28GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First Measurements of the Longitudinal Bunch Profile at SLAC Using Coherent Smith-Purcell Radiation at 28GeV

Blackmore, V; Doucas, G; Kimmitt, M F; Molloy, S; Ottewell, B; Perry, C; Woods, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Hot-Wire Deposition of Hydrogenated Nanocrystalline SiGe Films for Thin-Film Si Based Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hot-Wire Deposition of Hydrogenated Nanocrystalline SiGe Films for Thin-Film Si Based Solar Cells bandgap absorber in an a-Si/a-SiGe/nc-SiGe(nc- Si) triple-junction solar cell due to its higher optical investigations of nc-SiGe:H thin films made by hot-wire chemical vapor deposition (HWCVD) with a coil

Deng, Xunming

363

Depth Profiles of Radionuclides Induced in Shielding Concrete of the 12 GeV Proton Accelerator Facility at KEK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Depth Profiles of Radionuclides Induced in Shielding Concrete of the 12 GeV Proton Accelerator Facility at KEK

Miura, T; Ishihama, S; Ohotsuka, N; Kunifuda, T

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

A COMPACT DEGENERATE PRIMARY-STAR PROGENITOR OF SN 2011fe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While a white dwarf (WD) is, from a theoretical perspective, the most plausible primary star of a Type Ia supernova (SN Ia), many other candidates have not been formally ruled out. Shock energy deposited in the envelope of any exploding primary contributes to the early SN brightness and, since this radiation energy is degraded by expansion after the explosion, the diffusive luminosity depends on the initial primary radius. We present a new non-detection limit of the nearby SN Ia 2011fe, obtained at a time that appears to be just 4 hr after explosion, allowing us to directly constrain the initial primary radius (R{sub p} ). Coupled with the non-detection of a quiescent X-ray counterpart and the inferred synthesized {sup 56}Ni mass, we show that R{sub p} {approx} 10{sup 4} g cm{sup -3}, and that the effective temperature must be less than a few Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} K. This rules out hydrogen-burning main-sequence stars and giants. Constructing the helium-burning and carbon-burning main sequences, we find that such objects are also excluded. By process of elimination, we find that only degeneracy-supported compact objects-WDs and neutron stars-are viable as the primary star of SN 2011fe. With few caveats, we also restrict the companion (secondary) star radius to R{sub c} {approx}< 0.1 R{sub Sun }, excluding Roche-lobe overflowing red giant and main-sequence companions to high significance.

Bloom, Joshua S.; Kasen, Daniel; Shen, Ken J.; Nugent, Peter E. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley CA, 94720-3411 (United States); Butler, Nathaniel R. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 871404, Tempe, AZ 85287-1404 (United States); Graham, Melissa L.; Andrew Howell, D. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Dr., Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Kolb, Ulrich; Holmes, Stefan; Haswell, Carole A. [Department of Physical Sciences, Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA (United Kingdom); Burwitz, Vadim [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, 85748 Garching (Germany); Rodriguez, Juan [Observatori Astronomic de Mallorca, Cami de l'Observatori, 07144 Costitx, Mallorca (Spain); Sullivan, Mark, E-mail: jbloom@astro.berkeley.edu [Department of Physics (Astrophysics), University of Oxford, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

365

Electromechanical properties of freestanding graphene functionalized with tin oxide (SnO{sub 2}) nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

Freestanding graphene membranes were functionalized with SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles. A detailed procedure providing uniform coverage and chemical synthesis is presented. Elemental composition was determined using scanning electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive x-ray analysis. A technique called electrostatic-manipulation scanning tunneling microscopy was used to probe the electromechanical properties of functionalized freestanding graphene samples. We found ten times larger movement perpendicular to the plane compared to pristine freestanding graphene and propose a nanoparticle encapsulation model.

Dong, L. [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042 (China); Department of Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science, Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri 65897 (United States); Hansen, J. [Department of Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science, Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri 65897 (United States); Xu, P.; Ackerman, M. L.; Barber, S. D.; Schoelz, J. K.; Qi, D.; Thibado, P. M. [Department of Physics, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States)

2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

366

High strength Sn-Mo-Nb-Zr alloy tubes and method of making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Tubes for use in nuclear reactors fabricated from a quaternary alloy comprising 2.5-4.0 wt% Sn, 0.5-1.5 wt% Mo, 0.5-1.5 wt% Nb, balance essentially Zr. The tubes are fabricated by a process of hot extrusion, heat treatment, cold working to size and age hardening, so as to produce a microstructure comprising elongated .alpha. grains with an acicular transformed .beta. grain boundary phase.

Cheadle, Brian A. (Deep River, CA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

An in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy investigation of the effect of Sn additions to carbon-supported Pt electrocatalysts: Part 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon-supported platinum (Pt/C) with an adsorbed layer of underpotential deposited (upd) Sn is a much better catalyst for the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) than a carbon-supported platinum-tin (PtSn/C) alloy. In situ X-ray absorption (XAS) was used to determine the differences in the effects that the two methods of Sn addition have on the electronic properties and the structural properties of the catalyst. X-ray diffraction and XAS at the Pt L{sub 3} and L{sub 2} edges indicate that the PtSn/C catalyst has a Pt{sub 3}Sn L1{sub 2} structure, and alloying with Sn causes partial filling of the Pt d band vacancies and an increase in the Pt-Pt bond distance from 2.77 to 2.8 {angstrom}. However, upd Sn does not perturb Pt structurally or electronically. XAS at the Sn K edge indicates that both the upd Sn on Pt/C and the surface Sn on PtSn/C are associated with oxygenated species at all potentials, and that the nature and strength of the Sn-O bonds are potential dependent. The differences in the activity of the two catalysts for the MOR are due to the effects of alloying on the Pt electronic structure that inhibit the ability of the Pt to adsorb methanol and dissociate C-H bonds. The ability of PtSn/C to adsorb oxygen at low potentials enhances its activity for CO oxidation.

Mukerjee, S.; McBreen, J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Applied Science

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Preparation and photocatalytic activity of high-efficiency visible-light-responsive photocatalyst SnS{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Visible-light-responsive composite photocatalysts SnS{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} and SnS/TiO{sub 2} with different mass ratios were prepared by in-situ synthesis technology in solution with commercial TiO{sub 2}. The junction-based materials SnS{sub x} (x=1, 2)/TiO{sub 2} were found to have high visible-light photocatalytic performance and possess much better activity than the single-phase SnS{sub x} or TiO{sub 2}. The greatly enhanced photocatalytic activity of the SnS{sub x}/TiO{sub 2} composites was mainly attributed to the matching band potentials and efficient charge transfer and separation at the tight-bonding interface between SnS{sub x} and TiO{sub 2}. The fact was confirmed by the comparison of photocatalytic activities of the SnS{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} samples prepared by physical mixing method and in-situ synthesis technique. - Graphical Abstract: Visible-light-responsive composite photocatalysts SnS{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2} and SnS/TiO{sub 2} with different mass ratios were prepared by in-situ synthesis technology in solution with commercial TiO{sub 2}. The photocatalysts SnS{sub x} (x=1, 2) and SnS{sub x}/TiO{sub 2} possess excellent photocatalytic activities. The greatly enhanced photocatalytic activity of the SnS{sub x}/TiO{sub 2} composites was mainly attributed to the matching band potentials and efficient charge transfer and separation at the tight-bonding interface between SnS{sub x} and TiO{sub 2}.

Yang Chongyin; Wang Wendeng; Shan Zhichao [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructures, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Huang Fuqiang, E-mail: huangfq@mail.sic.ac.c [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructures, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Shell Structure from 100Sn to 78Ni: Implications for Nuclear Astrophysics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The single-particle structure and shell gap of {sup 100}Sn is inferred from prompt in-beam and delayed {gamma}-ray spectroscopy of seniority and spin-gap isomers. Recent results in {sup 94, 95}Ag and {sup 98}Cd stress the importance of large-scale shell model calculations employing realistic interactions for the isomerism, np-nh excitations and E2 polarization of the {sup 100}Sn core. The strong monopole interaction of the {Delta}l = 0 spin-flip partners {pi}g{sub 9/2-} {nu}g{sub 7/2} in N = 51 isotones below {sup 100}Sn is echoed in the {Delta}l = 1 pf5/2- ?g9/2 pair of nucleons, which is decisive for the persistence of the N = 50 shell gap in {sup 78}Ni. This is corroborated by recent experimental data on {sup 70, 76}Ni, {sup 78}Zn. The importance of monopole driven shell evolution for the appearance of new shell closures in neutron-rich nuclei and implications for r-process abundances near the N = 82 shell is discussed.

Grawe, Hubert H [ORNL; Blazhev, A. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Gorska, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Mukha, I. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Plettner, C. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Roeckl, E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Nowacki, F. [IReS, Strasbourg, Cedex, France; Grzywacz, Robert Kazimierz [ORNL; Sawicka, M. [University of Warsaw

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A LUMINOUS AND FAST-EXPANDING TYPE Ib SUPERNOVA SN 2012au  

SciTech Connect

We present a set of photometric and spectroscopic observations of a bright Type Ib supernova SN 2012au from -6 days until {approx} + 150 days after maximum. The shape of its early R-band light curve is similar to that of an average Type Ib/c supernova. The peak absolute magnitude is M{sub R} = -18.7 {+-} 0.2 mag, which suggests that this supernova belongs to a very luminous group among Type Ib supernovae. The line velocity of He I {lambda}5876 is about 15,000 km s{sup -1} around maximum, which is much faster than that in a typical Type Ib supernova. From the quasi-bolometric peak luminosity of (6.7 {+-} 1.3) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 42} erg s{sup -1}, we estimate the {sup 56}Ni mass produced during the explosion as {approx}0.30 M{sub Sun }. We also give a rough constraint to the ejecta mass 5-7 M{sub Sun} and the kinetic energy (7-18) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 51} erg. We find a weak correlation between the peak absolute magnitude and He I velocity among Type Ib SNe. The similarities to SN 1998bw in the density structure inferred from the light-curve model as well as the large peak bolometric luminosity suggest that SN 2012au had properties similar to energetic Type Ic supernovae.

Takaki, Katsutoshi; Fukazawa, Yasushi; Itoh, Ryosuke; Ueno, Issei; Ui, Takahiro; Urano, Takeshi [Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Kawabata, Koji S.; Akitaya, Hiroshi; Moritani, Yuki; Ohsugi, Takashi; Uemura, Makoto; Yoshida, Michitoshi [Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Yamanaka, Masayuki [Kwasan Observatory, Kyoto University, Ohmine-cho Kita Kazan, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8471 (Japan); Maeda, Keiichi; Nomoto, Ken'ichi [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), Todai Institutes for Advanced Study, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Tanaka, Masaomi [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Kinugasa, Kenzo [Nobeyama Radio Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 462-2 Nobeyama, Minamimaki, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Sasada, Mahito, E-mail: takaki@hep01.hepl.hiroshima-u.ac.jp [Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Increase Jc by Improving the Array of Nb3Sn strands for Fusion Application  

SciTech Connect

During Phase I, our efforts were focusing on improving the array of subelement in the tube type strands by hardening the Sn core and the subelement matrix to effectively increase the Jc of the strands. Below is a summary of the results. 1) We were unsuccessful in improving the array using a Cu-Sn matrix approach. 2) We slightly improved the array using Sn with 1.5at%Ti doped core, and a 217-subelement restacked strand was made and drawn down without any breakage. 3) We greatly improved the array using the Glidcop Al-15 to replace the pure Cu sheath in the subelement, and a 217-subelement restacked strand was made and drawn down. Both strands have very good drawability and the array showed good improvement. 4) We also improved the array using improved wire drawing techniques using Hyper Tech?¢????s new caterpillar wire drawing machines to enable straight wire drawing for the entire wire drawing process. 5) The 919-subelement restack strand shows its non-Cu Jc over 2100 A/mm2 at 12 T/4.2 K and AC loss of 508 mJ/cm3.

Dr. Xuan Peng

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

372

In Situ Observation of the Electrochemical Lithiation of a Single SnO2 Nanowire Electrode  

SciTech Connect

We report the first real-time transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations of the structural evolution and phase transformation of lithium-ion battery anode during the battery charging process. A nanobattery consisting of a single SnO2 nanowire anode and an ionic liquid electrolyte was successfully constructed in a TEM. We observed that during the charging process, the SnO2 crystal was converted to Li2O glass with LixSn nanocrystalline precipitates as the reaction front propagated progressively along the nanowire. After the reaction front passed, the nanowire showed swelling, elongation, and large off-axis distortion (spiraling). Upon completion of the electrochemical charging, the nanowire showed up to 120% elongation and a 30% increase in diameter with a volume expansion of about 272%. The charging front, which separates the reacted and unreacted sections of the nanowire, contains a high density of mobile dislocations, which are continuously nucleated and annihilated at the moving reaction front. This dislocation cloud indicates large in-plane misfit stresses, and serves as structural precursor to the eventual complete solid-state amorphization. The rate of charging in our nanobatteries is found to be proportional to the inverse square root of nanowire length, indicating that a standalone nanobattery or integrated arrays of nanobatteries should have kinetic advantage over conventional battery design. The present observations also provide important mechanistic insights for the design of advanced batteries with improved performance and lifetime for broad electrical energy storage applications.

Huang, J. Y.; Zhong, Li; Wang, Chong M.; Sullivan, John P.; Xu, Wu; Zhang, Li Q.; Mao, Scott; Hudak, N.; Liu, Xiao H.; Subramanian, Arun Kumar; Fan, Hongyou; Qi, Liang; Kushima, Akihiro; Li, Ju

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

373

THE ULTIMATE LIGHT CURVE OF SN 1998bw/GRB 980425  

SciTech Connect

We present multicolor light curves of SN 1998bw which appeared in ESO184-G82 in close temporal and spatial association with GRB 980425. The light curves are based on observations conducted at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) and data from the literature. The CTIO photometry reaches {approx}86 days after the gamma-ray burst (GRB) in U and {approx}160 days after the GRB in BV(RI){sub C}. The observations in U extend the previously known coverage by about 30 days and determine the slope of the early exponential tail. We calibrate a large set of local standards in common with those of previous studies and use them to transform published observations of the supernova (SN) to our realization of the standard photometric system. We show that the photometry from different sources merges smoothly and we provide a unified set of 300 observations of the SN in five bands. Using the extensive set of spectra in the public domain, we compute extinction and K-corrections and build quasi-bolometric unreddened rest-frame light curves. We provide low-degree piecewise spline fits to these light curves with daily sampling. They reach {approx}86 rest-frame days after the GRB with U-band coverage and {approx}498 rest-frame days after the GRB without U.

Clocchiatti, Alejandro [Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago 22 (Chile); Suntzeff, Nicholas B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Covarrubias, Ricardo [Australian Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 296, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Candia, Pablo, E-mail: aclocchi@astro.puc.cl, E-mail: nsuntzeff@tamu.edu, E-mail: ricardo@aao.gov.au, E-mail: pcandia@gemini.edu [Gemini Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena (Chile)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

Increasing the Jc of Tube-Type Nb3Sn Strands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this Phase I, we successfully made strands with better Cu/Sn ratio to reduce the coarse Nb3Sn grain region, thereby providing the potential of increasing the non-Cu Jc in the Phase II and scaling up to 2?¢??? billets with 331 subelements. In order to improve the strand?¢????s high field properties, we successfully doped low amount of Ti in the subelements and made a 217-subelement wire which has been drawn down to 0.7 mm without any breakage. This strand gave subelement size of 35 ???µm. We will scale up the Ti-doped billet to 271-subelement in 1.5?¢??? billet in this proposed Phase II. The hexagonal shaped subelements with round Nb-Sn have been developed for a 61-subelement restack. Thus the results indicated that for 217-subelement restack in a 2?¢??? billet we have the potential to draw down this type of construction without problems while maintaining a good array to react more Nb to get higher non-Cu Jc in the Phase II.

Dr. Xuan Peng

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

375

Hydrogen impurities and shallow donors in SnO2 studied by infrared spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen has been found to be an important source of n-type conductivity in the transparent conducting oxide SnO2. We have studied the properties of H in SnO2 single crystals with infrared spectroscopy. When H or D is introduced into SnO2 by annealing in an H2 or D2 ambient at elevated temperature, several O-H and O-D vibrational lines are produced along with the low-frequency absorption that is characteristic of free carriers. To probe the relationship between H and the free carriers it introduces, the thermal stability of the free carrier absorption, and its relationship to the thermal stabilities of the O-H lines have been examined. Two H-related donors are found, one that is stable at room temperature on a time scale of weeks and a second that is stable up to 600 C. These electrically active defects are found to interact with other O-H centers and can be converted from one to another by thermal treatments. The vibrational modes have been found to have distinctive polarization properties that provide an important test of microscopic defect models for the several O-H and (O-H)2 centers that we have observed.

BEKISLI, F [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA; Stavola, M. [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA; FOWLER, W B [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA; Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Spahr, E. J. [College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA; Lpke, G. [Vanderbilt University

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Reliability of Sn-3.5Ag Solder Joints in High Temperature Packaging Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a significant need for next generation, high performance power electronic packages and systems with wide band gap devices to operate at high temperatures in automotive and electricity transmission applications. Sn-3.5Ag solder is a candidate for use in such packages with potential operating temperatures up to 200oC. However, there is a need to understand thermal cycling reliability of Sn-3.5Ag solders subject to such operating conditions. The results of a study on the damage evolution occurring in large area Sn-3.5Ag solders joints between silicon dies and DBC substrates subject to thermal cycling between 200oC and 5oC is presented in this paper. Damage accumulation was followed using high resolution X-ray radiography techniques while nonlinear finite element models were developed based on the mechanical property data available in literature to understand the relationship between the stress state within the solder joint and the damage evolution occurring under thermal cycling conditions. It was observed that regions of damage observed in the experiments do not correspond to the finite element predictions of the location of regions of maximum plastic work.

Muralidharan, Govindarajan [ORNL; Kurumaddali, Nalini Kanth [ORNL; Kercher, Andrew K [ORNL; Leslie, Dr Scott [Powerex Inc

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Detection of an outburst one year prior to the explosion of SN 2011ht  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using imaging from the Pan-STARRS1 survey, we identify a precursor outburst at epochs 287 and 170 days prior to the reported explosion of the purported Type IIn supernova (SN) 2011ht. In the Pan-STARRS data, a source coincident with SN 2011ht is detected exclusively in the \\zps\\ and \\yps-bands. An absolute magnitude of M$_z\\simeq$-11.8 suggests that this was an outburst of the progenitor star. Unfiltered, archival Catalina Real Time Transient survey images also reveal a coincident source from at least 258 to 138 days before the main event. We suggest that the outburst is likely to be an intrinsically red eruption, although we cannot conclusively exclude a series of erratic outbursts which were observed only in the redder bands by chance. This is only the fourth detection of an outburst prior to a claimed SN, and lends credence to the possibility that many more interacting transients have pre-explosion outbursts, which have been missed by current surveys.

Fraser, M; Kotak, R; Smartt, S J; Smith, K W; Polshaw, J; Drake, A J; Boles, T; Lee, C -H; Burgett, W S; Chambers, K C; Draper, P W; Flewelling, H; Hodapp, K W; Kaiser, N; Kudritzki, R -P; Magnier, E A; Price, P A; Tonry, J L; Wainscoat, R J; Waters, C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Microscopic description of isoscalar giant resonance excitations in ??Ca and ?SN nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a microscopic description of isoscalar giant resonance excitations in ??Ca and ? Sn nuclei within the self-consistent Skyrme-Hartree-Fock-Random-Phase-Approximation (HF-RPA) theory. Such characteristic features of the Isoscalar Giant Resonance as strength function, transition density and cross-sections for ??Ca and ?Sn nuclei are obtained. In this analysis, the SL1 Skyrme interaction associated with 230 MeV for the value of nuclear matter incompressibility coefficient K is chosen. The selection of nuclei is based on the availability of recent experimental results from Texas A&M University. The coordinate space formulation of the RPA in terms of Green's function is employed to obtain isoscalar monopole and dipole transition strength distributions for ??Ca and ?Sn nuclei. Calculations are performed with the discretized single-particle continuum. Theoretical transition strength distributions are used to find quantities of interest such as energy positions of resonance states, sum rules and average resonance energies. The cross-section of 240 MeV ?-particle scattering on the above nuclei are analysed within the Distorted Wave Born Approximation (DWBA) using transition densities obtained from the HF-RPA calculations. From this analysis the cross-sections for ISGDR excitations are obtained and compared with the recent experimental data obtained at the Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University.

Karki, Bhishma

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Search for Heavy Majorana Neutrinos in Same-Sign mumu+jets and ee+jets Events in pp Collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cut (GeV) Predicted MC truth Ratio Table 6.6: Predicted andcut (GeV) Predicted MC truth Ratio Table 6.7: Predicted and

Giordano, Ferdinando

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Hydrogen Sensor Based on Pd/GeO{sub 2} Using a Low Cost Electrochemical Deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work reports on a synthesis of sub micron germanium dioxide (GeO{sub 2}) on porous silicon (PS) by electrochemical deposition. n-type Si (100) wafer was used to fabricate (PS) using conventional method of electrochemical etching in HF based solution. A GeCl{sub 4} was directly hydrolyzed by hydrogen peroxide to produce pure GeO{sub 2}, and then electrochemically deposited on PS. Followed by palladium (Pd) contact on GeO{sub 2} /PS was achieved by using RF sputtering technique. The grown GeO{sub 2} crystals were characterized using SEM and EDX. I-V characteristics of Pd/ GeO{sub 2} were recorded before and after hydrogen gas exposure as well as with different H{sub 2} concentrations and different applied temperatures. The sensitivity of Pd/ GeO{sub 2} also has been investigated it could be seen to increase significantly with increased hydrogen concentration while it decreased with increase temperature.

Jawad, M. J.; Hashim, M. R. [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800-Penang (Malaysia); Ali, N. K. [Material Innovations and Nanoelectronics Research Group, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Department of electronic engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor (Malaysia)

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Tuning the properties of Ge-quantum dots superlattices in amorphous silica matrix through deposition conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we investigate the structural properties of Ge quantum dot lattices in amorphous silica matrix, prepared by low-temperature magnetron sputtering deposition of (Ge+SiO{sub 2})/SiO{sub 2} multilayers. The dependence of quantum dot shape, size, separation, and arrangement type on the Ge-rich (Ge + SiO{sub 2}) layer thickness is studied. We show that the quantum dots are elongated along the growth direction, perpendicular to the multilayer surface. The size of the quantum dots and their separation along the growth direction can be tuned by changing the Ge-rich layer thickness. The average value of the quantum dots size along the lateral (in-plane) direction along with their lateral separation is not affected by the thickness of the Ge-rich layer. However, the thickness of the Ge-rich layer significantly affects the quantum dot ordering. In addition, we investigate the dependence of the multilayer average atomic composition and also the quantum dot crystalline quality on the deposition parameters.

Pinto, S. R. C.; Ramos, M. M. D.; Gomes, M. J. M. [University of Minho, Centre of Physics and Physics Department, Braga 4710-057 (Portugal); Buljan, M. [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka cesta 54, Zagreb 10000 (Croatia); Chahboun, A. [University of Minho, Centre of Physics and Physics Department, Braga 4710-057 (Portugal); Physics Department, FST Tanger, Tanger BP 416 (Morocco); Roldan, M. A.; Molina, S. I. [Departamento de Ciencia de los Materiales e Ing. Metalurgica y Q. I., Universidad de Cadiz, Cadiz (Spain); Bernstorff, S. [Sincrotrone Trieste, SS 14 km163, 5, Basovizza 34012 (Italy); Varela, M.; Pennycook, S. J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Barradas, N. P.; Alves, E. [Instituto Superior Tecnico e Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear-, EN10, Sacavem 2686-953 (Portugal)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Tuning the properties of Ge-quantum dots superlattices in amorphous silica matrix through deposition conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we investigate the structural properties of Ge quantum dot lattices in amorphous silica matrix, prepared by low-temperature magnetron sputtering deposition of (Ge+SiO{sub 2})/SiO{sub 2} multilayers. The dependence of quantum dot shape, size, separation, and arrangement type on the Ge-rich (Ge + SiO{sub 2}) layer thickness is studied. We show that the quantum dots are elongated along the growth direction, perpendicular to the multilayer surface. The size of the quantum dots and their separation along the growth direction can be tuned by changing the Ge-rich layer thickness. The average value of the quantum dots size along the lateral (in-plane) direction along with their lateral separation is not affected by the thickness of the Ge-rich layer. However, the thickness of the Ge-rich layer significantly affects the quantum dot ordering. In addition, we investigate the dependence of the multilayer average atomic composition and also the quantum dot crystalline quality on the deposition parameters.

Pinto, S. [University of Minho, Portugal; Roldan Gutierrez, Manuel A [ORNL; Ramos, M. M.D. [University of Minho, Portugal; Gomes, M.J.M. [University of Minho, Portugal; Molina, S. I. [Universidad de Cadiz, Spain; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Buljan, M. [R. Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia; Barradas, N. [Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear (ITN), Lisbon, Portugal; Alves, E. [Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear (ITN), Lisbon, Portugal; Chahboun, A. [FST Tanger, Morocco; Bernstorff, S. [Sincrotrone Trieste, Basovizza, Italy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Electric Dipole Polarizability in ${}^{208}$Pb: insights from the Droplet Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the electric dipole polarizability $\\alpha_D$ in ${}^{208}$Pb based on the predictions of a large and representative set of relativistic and non-relativistic nuclear mean field models. We adopt the droplet model as a guide to better understand the correlations between $\\alpha_D$ and other isovector observables. Insights from the droplet model suggest that the product of $\\alpha_D$ and the nuclear symmetry energy at saturation density $J$ is much better correlated with the neutron skin thickness $\\Delta r_{np}$ of ${}^{208}$Pb than the polarizability alone. Correlations of $\\alpha_D J$ with $\\Delta r_{np}$ and with the symmetry energy slope parameter $L$ suggest that $\\alpha_D J$ is a strong isovector indicator. Hence, we explore the possibility of constraining the isovector sector of thenuclear energy density functional by comparing our theoretical predictions against measurements of both $\\alpha_D$ and the parity-violating asymmetry in ${}^{208}$Pb. We find that the recent experimental determination of $\\alpha_D$ in ${}^{208}$Pb in combination with the range for the symmetry energy at saturation density $J=[31\\pm (2)_{\\rm est.}]$\\,MeV suggests $\\Delta r_{np}({}^{208}{\\rm Pb}) = 0.165 \\pm (0.009)_{\\rm exp.} \\pm (0.013)_{\\rm theo.} \\pm (0.021)_{\\rm est.} {\\rm fm}$ and $L= 43 \\pm(6)_{\\rm exp.} \\pm (8)_{\\rm theo.}\\pm(12)_{\\rm est.}$ MeV.

X. Roca-Maza; M. Centelles; X. Vias; M. Brenna; G. Col; B. K. Agrawal; N. Paar; J. Piekarewicz; D. Vretenar

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

384

GeV EMISSION FROM COLLISIONAL MAGNETIZED GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetic fields may play a dominant role in gamma-ray bursts, and recent observations by Fermi indicate that GeV radiation, when detected, arrives delayed by seconds from the onset of the MeV component. Motivated by this, we discuss a magnetically dominated jet model where both magnetic dissipation and nuclear collisions are important. We show that, for parameters typical of the observed bursts, such a model involving a realistic jet structure can reproduce the general features of the MeV and a separate GeV radiation component, including the time delay between the two. The model also predicts a multi-GeV neutrino component.

Meszaros, P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Department of Physics and Center for Particle Astrophysics, 525 Davey Lab., Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Rees, M. J. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

In situ control of As dimer orientation on Ge(100) surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigated the preparation of single domain Ge(100):As surfaces in a metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy reactor. In situ reflection anisotropy spectra (RAS) of vicinal substrates change when arsenic is supplied either by tertiarybutylarsine or by background As{sub 4} during annealing. Low energy electron diffraction shows mutually perpendicular orientations of dimers, scanning tunneling microscopy reveals distinct differences in the step structure, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirms differences in the As coverage of the Ge(100):As samples. Their RAS signals consist of contributions related to As dimer orientation and to step structure, enabling precise in situ control over preparation of single domain Ge(100):As surfaces.

Brueckner, Sebastian; Doescher, Henning [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin (Germany); Technische Universitaet Ilmenau, Institut fuer Physik, Postfach 10 05 65, 98684 Ilmenau (Germany); Supplie, Oliver; Luczak, Johannes [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin (Germany); Barrigon, Enrique; Rey-Stolle, Ignacio [Instituto de Energia Solar, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Avda. Complutense s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Kleinschmidt, Peter [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin (Germany); CiS Forschungsinstitut fuer Mikrosensorik und Photovoltaik GmbH, Konrad-Zuse-Strasse 14, 99099 Erfurt (Germany); Hannappel, Thomas [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin (Germany); Technische Universitaet Ilmenau, Institut fuer Physik, Postfach 10 05 65, 98684 Ilmenau (Germany); CiS Forschungsinstitut fuer Mikrosensorik und Photovoltaik GmbH, Konrad-Zuse-Strasse 14, 99099 Erfurt (Germany)

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

386

Electroluminescence from Strained Ge membranes and Implications for an Efficient Si-Compatible Laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate room-temperature electroluminescence (EL) from light-emitting diodes (LED) on highly strained germanium (Ge) membranes. An external stressor technique was employed to introduce a 0.76% bi-axial tensile strain in the active region of a vertical PN junction. Electrical measurements show an on-off ratio increase of one order of magnitude in membrane LEDs compared to bulk. The EL spectrum from the 0.76% strained Ge LED shows a 100nm redshift of the center wavelength because of the strain-induced direct band gap reduction. Finally, using tight-binding and FDTD simulations, we discuss the implications for highly efficient Ge lasers.

Nam, Donguk; Cheng, Szu-Lin; Roy, Arunanshu; Huang, Kevin Chih-Yao; Brongersma, Mark; Nishi, Yoshio; Saraswat, Krishna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

GE power generation technology challenges for advanced gas turbines  

SciTech Connect

The GE Utility ATS is a large gas turbine, derived from proven GEPG designs and integrated GEAE technology, that utilizes a new turbine cooling system and incorporates advanced materials. This system has the potential to achieve ATS objectives for a utility sized machine. Combined with use of advanced Thermal Barrier Coatings (TBC`s), the new cooling system will allow higher firing temperatures and improved cycle efficiency that represents a significant improvement over currently available machines. Developing advances in gas turbine efficiency and emissions is an ongoing process at GEPG. The third generation, ``F`` class, of utility gas turbines offers net combined cycle efficiencies in the 55% range, with NO{sub x} programs in place to reduce emissions to less than 10 ppM. The gas turbines have firing temperatures of 2350{degree}F, and pressure ratios of 15 to 1. The turbine components are cooled by air extracted from the cycle at various stages of the compressor. The heat recovery cycle is a three pressure steam system, with reheat. Throttle conditions are nominally 1400 psi and 1000{degree}F reheat. As part of GEPG`s ongoing advanced power generation system development program, it is expected that a gas fired advanced turbine system providing 300 MW power output greater than 58% net efficiency and < 10 ppM NO{sub x} will be defined. The new turbine cooling system developed with technology support from the ATS program will achieve system net efficiency levels in excess of 60%.

Cook, C.S.; Nourse, J.G.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

APPROACHING CRYOGENIC GE PERFORMANCE WITH PELTIER COOLED CDTE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new class of hand-held, portable spectrometers based on large area (lcm2) CdTe detectors of thickness up to 3mm has been demonstrated to produce energy resolution of between 0.3 and 0.5% FWHM at 662 keV. The system uses a charge loss correction circuit for improved efficiency, and detector temperature stabilization to ensure consistent operation of the detector during field measurements over a wide range of ambient temperature. The system can operate continuously for up to 8hrs on rechargeable batteries. The signal output from the charge loss corrector is compatible with most analog and digital spectroscopy amplifiers and multi channel analyzers. Using a detector measuring 11.2 by 9.1 by 2.13 mm3, we have recently been able to obtain the first wide-range plutonium gamma-ray isotopic analysis with other than a cryogenically cooled germanium spectrometer. The CdTe spectrometer is capable of measuring small plutonium reference samples in about one hour, covering the range from low to high burnup. The isotopic analysis software used to obtain these results was FRAM, Version 4 from LANL. The new spectrometer is expected to be useful for low-grade assay, as well as for some in-situ plutonium gamma-ray isotopics in lieu of cryogenically cooled Ge.

Khusainov, A. K. (A. Kh.); Iwanczyk, J. S. (Jan S.); Patt, B. E. (Bradley E.); Prirogov, A. M. (Alexandre M.); Vo, Duc T.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Corrosion Study of Fe in a Stagnant Liquid Pb by Molecular Dynamics Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been investigated theoretically the corrosion phenomena of iron (Fe) in liquid lead (Pb) by molecular dynamics methods. The corrosion phenomena was regarded as a diffusion process in which the Fe atoms of bulk material spreading into a liquid Pb. The D diffusion coefficient of the corrosion was calculated. We reported the self-diffusion coefficient of Fe in liquid Pb is D{sub MD} (750 deg.) = 2.59x10{sup -9}m{sup 2}/s. This is in the range of (1.31-5.75)x10{sup -9} m{sup 2}/s from literature and also closed to D{sub Robertson}(750 deg. C) = 2.74x10{sup -9} m{sup 2}/s based on the Robertson curve.

Arkundato, A. [Physics Dept, Faculty of Math. And Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia Jl.Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Physics Dept, Faculty of Math. And Natural Sciences, Universitas Jember (Indonesia); Suud, Zaki; Abdullah, Mikrajudin [Physics Dept, Faculty of Math. And Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia Jl.Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

390

Atomic scale control of catalytic process in oxidation of Pb thin films  

SciTech Connect

Using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), we demonstrate that oxidation on Pb films is greatly enhanced by atomic Cs catalysts. With only a minute concentration of isolated Cs substitutional atoms in the surface layer (0.004 ML coverage), surface oxidation rates are greatly enhanced. First-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that a substitutional Cs atom strongly increases O2 binding on the surface. Then, with additional oxygen exposure this substitutional Cs-initiated oxidation process results in growth of PbO layers in an auto-catalytic manner. Furthermore, we investigate the role of temperature in the oxidation of the Pb films with and without Cs, and we explore the overall morphology of the resultant oxide layers.

Kim, Jisun [University of Texas, Austin; Khajetoorians, Alexander Ako [University of Texas, Austin; Zhu, Wenguang [ORNL; Zhang, Zhenyu [ICQD, University of S& T, Hefei, China; Shih, Chih-Kang [University of Texas, Austin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Predictions of particle size and lattice diffusion pathway requirements for sodium-ion anodes using eta-Cu6Sn5 thin films as a model system  

SciTech Connect

Geometrically well-defined Cu6Sn5 thin films were used as model systems to estimate the diffusion depth and diffusion pathway requirements of Li and Na ions in alloy anodes. eta-Cu6Sn5 anodes have an initial reversible capacity towards Li of 545 mAh g-1 (Li3.96Sn or 19.8 Li/Cu6Sn5) and a very low initial irreversible capacity of 1.6 Li/Cu6Sn5. In contrast, the reaction with Na is limited with a reversible capacity of 160 mAh g-1 compared to the expected 516 mAh g-1. The potential profile is analogous to that of pure Sn with an average potential of 0.3 V. X-ray diffraction and 119Sn-M ssbauer measurements show that this limited capacity is likely resulting from the limited diffusion of Na into the anode particles not the formation of a low Na-content phase. This is substantiated by the analysis of the structure of eta-Cu6Sn5 which revealed zig-zag and tunnel diffusion pathways with spherical voids with a diameter very close to that of Na+. Moreover, our results also indicate that an alloy of eta-Cu6Sn5 should have optimized particle sizes of about 10 nm in diameter to increase the Na-capacity significantly. An alternative system consisting of a mixture of Cu6Sn5 and Sn of nominal composition Cu6Sn10 has been studied as possible Na-ion anode material possessing higher storage capacity than pure Cu6Sn5. Indeed this mixture of phase delivers a larger initial reversible storage capacity up to 400 mAh g-1. Finally, we have evidenced that the presence of Cu in Cu6Sn5 and in Cu6Sn10 suppresses the anomalous electrolyte decomposition normally measured for pure Sn at 1.2 V during discharge.

Baggetto, Loic [ORNL; Jumas, Dr. Jean-Claude [Institut Charles Gerhardt, University of Montpellier II, FRANCE; Gorka, Joanna [ORNL; Bridges, Craig A [ORNL; Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

New GE Plant to Produce Thin Film PV Solar Panels Based on NREL Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New GE Plant to Produce Thin Film PV Solar Panels Based on NREL New GE Plant to Produce Thin Film PV Solar Panels Based on NREL Technology New GE Plant to Produce Thin Film PV Solar Panels Based on NREL Technology April 22, 2011 - 10:17am Addthis Photo courtesy of General Electric Photo courtesy of General Electric Minh Le Minh Le Program Manager, Solar Program Earlier this month, General Electric announced plans to enter the global marketplace for solar photovoltaic (PV) panels in a big way - and to do it, they will be using technology pioneered at the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL). The record-breaking Cadmium-Telluride (CdTe) thin film photovoltaic technology GE has chosen for its solar panels was originally developed more than a decade ago by a team of scientists led by NREL's Xuanzhi Wu, and

393

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY (GE) FOR AN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(GE) FOR AN (GE) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NUMBER DE-FC04-2002AL68080, DOE WAIVER NO. W(A) 03-003. The Petitioner, GE, has requested a waiver of all domestic and foreign patent rights to inventions that may be conceived or first actually reduced to practice in the course of GE's work under Cooperative Agreement Number DE-FC04-2002AL68080 entitled "Advanced Hybrid Propulsion and Energy Management System for High Efficiency, Off- Highway, 320 Ton Class, Diesel Electric Haul Trucks." The work to be done under the cooperative agreement will be the design, fabrication and demonstration of a hybrid propulsion and energy management system for off-highway vehicles used in mining applications. The hybrid propulsion system would allow for an

394

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS PETITION FOR ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS BY GE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

181 BETWEEN GE GLOBAL AND 181 BETWEEN GE GLOBAL AND DOE; W(A)-09-016; CH-1485 The Petitioner, GE GLOBAL, has requested a waiver of domestic and certain foreign patent rights for all subject inventions that may be conceived or first actually reduced to practice by GE GLOBAL arising from its participation under the above referenced cooperative agreement entitled "300°c Capable Electronics Platform and Temperature Sensor System for Enhanced Geothermal Systems." The objective of the project is development of geothermal well bore monitoring applications, through the development of SiC based electronics and ceramic packaging capable of sustained operation at temperatures up to 300°C and 10km depth. The total cost of the project is approximately $2 million with the Petitioner

395

Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration | U.S.  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » July 2013 Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration Scientists at University of Texas, Austin, accelerate electrons to 2 GeV in table top apparatus. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of Neil Fazel The inside of the University of Texas, Austin, vacuum chamber where

396

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GE ENERGY (USA) LLC, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

859; W(A)-2012-018 859; W(A)-2012-018 ; CH-1661 GE Energy (USA) LLC (GE), requests an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above cooperative agreement for work entitled , "Feasibility Studies to Improve Plant Availability and Reduce Total Installed Cost in IGCC Plants". Under this agreement, GE will evaluate several factors that make the cost of implementing integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power production challenging . Specifically, GE will evaluate the effects on total installed cost and availability through deployment of a multi-faceted approach in three areas: Technology Evaluation ; Constructability; and , Design methodology. The end result is to reduce the time to technologica l maturity and enable plants to reach higher

397

Energy Secretary Chu to Tour GE Global Research Advanced Manufacturing Lab  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Chu to Tour GE Global Research Advanced Secretary Chu to Tour GE Global Research Advanced Manufacturing Lab Energy Secretary Chu to Tour GE Global Research Advanced Manufacturing Lab May 24, 2012 - 10:54am Addthis WASHINGTON - On Friday, May 25, 2012, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu will visit GE Global Research in Niskayuna, New York, where he will tour the company's advanced manufacturing lab. Secretary Chu will highlight the economic opportunities in the clean energy economy as well as advanced manufacturing's potential to save American companies time and money while supporting efficient innovative product engineering and development. Following his tour, Secretary Chu will speak at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute's Commencement Colloquy. On Saturday, May 26, Secretary Chu will participate in the university's commencement ceremonies as an

398

Energy Secretary Chu to Tour GE Global Research Advanced Manufacturing Lab  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tour GE Global Research Advanced Tour GE Global Research Advanced Manufacturing Lab Energy Secretary Chu to Tour GE Global Research Advanced Manufacturing Lab May 24, 2012 - 10:54am Addthis WASHINGTON - On Friday, May 25, 2012, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu will visit GE Global Research in Niskayuna, New York, where he will tour the company's advanced manufacturing lab. Secretary Chu will highlight the economic opportunities in the clean energy economy as well as advanced manufacturing's potential to save American companies time and money while supporting efficient innovative product engineering and development. Following his tour, Secretary Chu will speak at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute's Commencement Colloquy. On Saturday, May 26, Secretary Chu will participate in the university's commencement ceremonies as an

399

Another SunShot Success: GE to Make PrimeStar Solar Panels at New Colorado  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Another SunShot Success: GE to Make PrimeStar Solar Panels at New Another SunShot Success: GE to Make PrimeStar Solar Panels at New Colorado Plant Another SunShot Success: GE to Make PrimeStar Solar Panels at New Colorado Plant October 14, 2011 - 4:03pm Addthis Thin film solar panels produced by General Electric’s PrimeStar in Arvada, Colorado | Image courtesy of Edelman. Thin film solar panels produced by General Electric's PrimeStar in Arvada, Colorado | Image courtesy of Edelman. Minh Le Minh Le Program Manager, Solar Program Yesterday, General Electric (GE) announced that it will build a new thin-film photovoltaic (PV) solar panel manufacturing facility in Aurora, Colorado, to produce highly-efficient, low-cost panels that are based on innovative technology originally developed at the Energy Department's

400

SiGe-On-Insulator (SGOI): Two Structures for CMOS Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two SiGe-on-insulator (SGOI) structures for CMOS application are presented: surface-channel strained-Si on SGOI (SSOI) and dual-channel SGOI structures. Comparisons between two structures are made from both device performance ...

Cheng, Zhiyuan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

e+e- pair production from 10 GeV to 10 ZeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

e + e ? Pair Production from 10 GeV to 10 ZeV Spencer R.very high energies, pair production (? ? e + e ? ) exhibitsatoms reduces the pair production cross section considerably

Klein, Spencer R.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

GE, Berkeley Lab-EETD Explore Possible Key to Energy Storage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GE, Berkeley Lab-EETD Explore Possible Key to Energy Storage for Electric Vehicles August 2013 From a General Electric press release: It's a little more complex than making instant...

403

Ge-on-Si Integrated Photonics: New Tricks from an Old Semiconductor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent progress in Ge active photonic devices for electronic-photonic integration on Si, demonstrating new tricks in optoelectronics from this old semiconductor material used for the first transistor more than ...

Jifeng, Liu

404

Thermal interface conductance in Si/Ge superlattices by equilibrium molecular dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a derivation allowing the calculation of thermal conductance at interfaces by equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations and illustrate our approach by studying thermal conduction mechanisms in Si/Ge superlattices. ...

Esfarjani, Keivan

405

Structural and magnetic properties of MBE grown GeMnN2 thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Epitaxial GeMnN{sub 2} thin films are synthesized by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction measurements confirm that it is the orthorhombic variant, consistent with the predictions of first-principles calculations. The magnetic properties of the films are related to defects, with samples grown under Ge-rich conditions exhibiting a net magnetic moment above room temperature. These results are explained by first-principles calculations, indicating that the preferential substitution of one magnetic sublattice of GeMnN{sub 2} by impurities and/or intrinsic defects such as Ge antisites produces a net magnetic moment in an antiferromagnetic background, and also introduces spin-polarized carriers near the Fermi level.

Liu, Y [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Lazarov, V. K. [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Cheung, S.H. [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Keavney, D.J. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Gai, Zheng [ORNL; Gajdardziska-Josifovska, M [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Weinert, M [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Li, Lian [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Microsoft Word - 41889_GE_IGCC Syst Study_FactSheet_012405.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GE Energy 1 December 2004 Project No. DE-FC26-03NT41889 System Study For Improved Gas Turbine Performance For Coal IGCC Application Fact Sheet I Project Participants: A. Prime...

407

LS-35 6 GeV Light Source Storage Ring Quadrupole and Sextupole...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 6 GeV Light Source Storage Ring Quadrupole and Sextupole Magnet Field Calculations Robert J. Lari September 23, 1985 Quadrupole Magnet Figure 1 shows the cross section of...

408

Design of 10 GeV laser wakefield accelerator stages with shaped laser modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESIGN OF 10 GEV LASER WAKEFIELD ACCELERATORSTAGES WITH SHAPED LASER MODES ? E. Cormier-Michel, E.PAL framework, of 10 GeV laser plasma wake?eld ac- celerator

Cormier-Michel, Estelle

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Direct gap photoluminescence of n-type tensile-strained Ge-on-Si  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Room temperature direct gap photoluminescence (PL) was observed from n-type tensile-strained epitaxial Ge-on-Si. The PL intensity increases with n-type doping due to a higher electron population in the direct ? valley as ...

Sun, Xiaochen

410

Optical gain and lasing from band-engineered Ge-on-Si at room temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present theoretical modeling and experimental results of optical gain and lasing from tensile-strained, n[superscript +] Ge-on-Si at room temperature. Compatible with silicon CMOS, these devices are ideal for large-scale ...

Liu, Jifeng

411

High active carrier concentration in n-type, thin film Ge using delta-doping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate CVD in situ doping of Ge by utilizing phosphorus delta-doping for the creation of a high dopant diffusion source. Multiple monolayer delta doping creates source phosphorous concentrations above 1 10[superscript ...

Cai, Yan

412

Room-temperature direct bandgap electroluminesence from Ge-on-Si light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report what we believe to be the first demonstration of direct bandgap electroluminescence (EL) from Ge/Si heterojunction light-emitting diodes (LEDs) at room temperature. In-plane biaxial tensile strain is used to ...

Sun, Xiaochen

413

A market analysis for high efficiency multi-junction solar cells grown on SiGe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applications, markets and a cost model are presented for III-V multi-junction solar cells built on compositionally graded SiGe buffer layers currently being developed by professors Steven Ringell of Ohio State University ...

Judkins, Zachara Steele

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

XRY{*?C**kL,x*SGH]??*?*COLyc**? (rP??*0Ge ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

XRY{*?C**kL,x*SGH]??*?*COLyc**? (rP??*0Ge

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

415

Confinement in PbSe wires grown by rf magnetron sputtering  

SciTech Connect

Lead selenide (PbSe) nanowires were grown by magnetron sputtering on silicon with silicon dioxide (SiO{sub 2}/Si) substrates, and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, photoluminescence, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Closely packed PbSe nanowires of approximately 100 nm diameter grew in the <111> rock-salt cubic structure orientation. These large wires showed a large blueshift in the luminescence and absorption compared to the bulk crystal, demonstrating quantum confinement. This is attributed to a strong built-in field due to surface states, band bending, and a depletion layer which confines the carrier states.

Jung, Hyeson; Kuljic, Rade [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States); Stroscio, Michael A. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States); Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States); Dutta, Mitra [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States); Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States)

2010-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

416

Surface Termination and Roughness of Ge(100) Cleaned by HF and HCl Solutions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Oxide removal from Ge(100) surfaces treated by HCl and HF solutions with different concentrations are systematically studied by synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy (SR-PES). SR-PES results show that clean surfaces without any oxide can be obtained after wet chemical cleaning followed by vacuum annealing with a residual carbon contamination of less than 0.02 monolayer. HF etching leads to a hydrogen terminated Ge surface whose hydrogen coverage is a function of the HF concentration. In contrast, HCl etching yields a chlorine terminated surface. Possible etching mechanisms are discussed. Surface roughness after HF and HCl treatments is also investigated by AFM, which shows that HF treatment leaves a rougher surface than HCl. Germanium (Ge) is increasingly being studied for MOSFET applications to take advantage of its high intrinsic electron and hole mobility. To fabricate high performance devices on Ge, it is essential to understand Ge surface chemistry and find an effective way to clean and passivate its surface. Although Si surface cleaning and passivation have been extensively studied, only recently has some research been done on Ge surfaces. Conventional XPS results show that HF etching removes Ge oxide and carbon contamination significantly, and HCl etching leads to a chlorine terminated Ge(111) surface, which only forms Ge monochloride. However, it is difficult to probe the details of the chemical nature of treated surfaces and quantify the surface termination and cleanness with conventional XPS, because of its limited surface sensitivity and resolution. In addition, little attention has been paid to the HF concentration, which turns out to be an important factor in the surface hydrogen passivation. In this work, we study the Ge(100) surfaces treated by aqueous HCl and HF solutions with three different concentrations by synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy (SR-PES) at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL). Using SR-PES, we can tune the photon energy to achieve very high surface sensitivity and good resolution, so the chemical states of treated surfaces can be resolved unambiguously, and the surface termination and cleanness can be quantified. We find that HF treatment results in a hydrogen terminated surface, and the hydrogen coverage depends on the HF concentration. In contrast, a Cl terminated Ge(100) surface is achieved after HCl treatment. Both monochloride and dichloride are formed on the surface. The termination difference between HF etching and HCl etching can be explained by the etching mechanism. In both cases, the residual carbon and oxygen after chemical etching can be removed by vacuum annealing.

Sun, Shiyu; /SLAC, SSRL

2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

417

Nanostructured ion beam-modified Ge films for high capacity Li ion battery anodes  

SciTech Connect

Nanostructured ion beam-modified Ge electrodes fabricated directly on Ni current collector substrates were found to exhibit excellent specific capacities during electrochemical cycling in half-cell configuration with Li metal for a wide range of cycling rates. Structural characterization revealed that the nanostructured electrodes lose porosity during cycling but maintain excellent electrical contact with the metallic current collector substrate. These results suggest that nanostructured Ge electrodes have great promise for use as high performance Li ion battery anodes.

Rudawski, N. G.; Darby, B. L.; Yates, B. R.; Jones, K. S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-6400 (United States); Elliman, R. G. [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia); Volinsky, A. A. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa Florida 33620 (United States)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

418

Early and late time VLT spectroscopy of SN 2001el - progenitor constraints for a type Ia supernova  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present early time high-resolution (VLT/UVES) and late time low-resolution (VLT/FORS) optical spectra of the normal type Ia supernova, SN 2001el. The high-resolution spectra were obtained at -9 and -2 days to allow the detection of narrow hydrogen and/or helium emission lines from the circumstellar medium of the SN. No such lines were detected, and we therefore use photoionisation models to derive upper limits of 9x10^-6 Msun/yr and 5x10^-5 Msun/yr for the mass loss rate from the progenitor system assuming velocities of 10 km/s and 50 km/s, respectively, for a wind extending to outside at least a few x 10^15 cm away from the SN explosion site. These limits exclude a symbiotic star in the upper mass loss rate regime from being the progenitor of SN 2001el. The low resolution spectrum was obtained in the nebular phase of the SN, 400 days after the maximum light, to search for any hydrogen rich gas originating from the SN progenitor system. However, we see no signs of Balmer lines in our spectrum. Therefore, we model the late time spectra to derive an upper limit of ~0.03 Msun for solar abundance material present at velocities lower than 1000 km/s within the SN explosion site. According to simulations of Marietta et al. (2000) this is less than the expected mass lost by a subgiant, red giant or main sequence secondary star at a small binary separation as a result of the SN explosion. Finally, we discuss the origin of high velocity Ca II lines. We see both the CaII IR triplet and the H&K lines in the -9 days spectrum at a very high velocity of up to 34000 km/s. The spectrum also shows a flat-bottomed Si II `6150 A' feature similar to the one previously observed in SN 1990N at -14 days. We compare these spectral features to those observed in SNe 1984A and 1990N at even higher velocities.

S. Mattila; P. Lundqvist; J. Sollerman; C. Kozma; E. Baron; C. Fransson; B. Leibundgut; K. Nomoto

2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

419

Distinct local electronic structure and magnetism for Mn in amorphous Si and Ge  

SciTech Connect

Transition metals such as Mn generally have large local moments in covalent semiconductors due to their partially filled d shells. However, Mn magnetization in group-IV semiconductors is more complicated than often recognized. Here we report a striking crossover from a quenched Mn moment (<0.1 {mu}{sub B}) in amorphous Si (a-Si) to a large distinct local Mn moment ({ge}3{mu}{sub B}) in amorphous Ge (a-Ge) over a wide range of Mn concentrations (0.005-0.20). Corresponding differences are observed in d-shell electronic structure and the sign of the Hall effect. Density-functional-theory calculations show distinct local structures, consistent with different atomic density measured for a-Si and a-Ge, respectively, and the Mn coordination number N{sub c} is found to be the key factor. Despite the amorphous structure, Mn in a-Si is in a relatively well-defined high coordination interstitial type site with broadened d bands, low moment, and electron (n-type) carriers, while Mn in a-Ge is in a low coordination substitutional type site with large local moment and holes (p-type) carriers. Moreover, the correlation between N{sub c} and the magnitude of the local moment is essentially independent of the matrix; the local Mn moments approach zero when N{sub c} > 7 for both a-Si and a-Ge.

Zeng, Li; Cao, J. X.; Helgren, E.; Karel, J.; Arenholz, E.; Ouyang, Lu; Smith, David J.; Wu, R. Q.; Hellman, F.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

One-Step Growth of Ge doped ZnO Tubes by Thermal Evaporation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we report a simple thermal evaporation technique (horizontal tube furnace) to grow the bulk-quantity of germanium (Ge) doped zinc oxide (ZnO) tubes on the Si substrate by using one-step thermal evaporation of a mixed powder of Ge and ZnO. The microstructure and optical properties of the Ge doped ZnO tubes have been investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence (PL) spectrometer and Raman spectrometer. The investigation of structural properties indicated that the structures consist of bulk quantities of cylindrical rod and tube with diameter around 1micron. EDX reveals that the tube structures have Ge, Zn and O{sub 2} compositions and XRD analysis indicated the product is mainly composed of Ge, zinc germanium oxide (Zn{sub 2}GeO{sub 4}) and small proportion of ZnO. Room temperature photoluminescence (PL) spectrum shows broad emission peaks around 400 nm, opening up a route to potential applications in future optoelectronic devices. Raman measurement also measured at room temperature for these tubes.

Jumidali, M. M. [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800 Minden, Penang (Malaysia); Faculty of Applied Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 13500 Penang (Malaysia); Hashim, M. R. [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800 Minden, Penang (Malaysia); Sulieman, K. M. [Faculty of Applied Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 13500 Penang (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

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421

Ferromagnetism in Mn-Implanted Epitaxially Grown Ge on Si(100)  

SciTech Connect

We have studied ferromagnetism of Mn-implanted epitaxial Ge films on silicon. The Ge films were grown by ultrahigh vacuum chemical vapor deposition using a mixture of germane (GeH{sub 4}) and methylgermane (CH{sub 3}GeH{sub 3}) gases with a carbon concentration of less than 1 at. %, and observed surface rms roughness of 0.5 nm, as measured by atomic force microscopy. Manganese ions were implanted in epitaxial Ge films grown on Si (100) wafers to an effective concentration of 16, 12, 6, and 2 at. %. Superconducting quantum interference device measurements showed that only the three highest Mn concentration samples are ferromagnetic, while the fourth sample, with [Mn] = 2 at. %, is paramagnetic. X-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements indicate that localized Mn moments are ferromagnetically coupled below the Curie temperature. Isothermal annealing of Mn-implanted Ge films with [Mn] = 16 at. % at 300 C for up to 1200 s decreases the magnetization but does not change the Curie temperature, suggesting that the amount of the magnetic phase slowly decreases with time at this anneal temperature. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy and synchrotron grazing incidence x-ray diffraction experiments show that the Mn-implanted region is amorphous, and we believe that it is this phase that is responsible for the ferromagnetism. This is supported by our observation that high-temperature annealing leads to recrystallization and transformation of the material into a paramagnetic phase.

Guchhait, S.; Jamil, M.; Ohldag, H.; Mehta, A.; Arenholz, E.; Lian, G.; Li Fatou, A.; Ferrer, D. A.; Markert, J. T.; Colombo, L.; Banerjee, S. K.

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

422

Early and late time VLT spectroscopy of SN 2001el - progenitor constraints for a type Ia supernova  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present early time high-resolution (VLT/UVES) and late time low-resolution (VLT/FORS) optical spectra of the normal type Ia supernova, SN 2001el. The high-resolution spectra were obtained 9 and 2 days before (B-band) maximum light in order to detect narrow hydrogen and/or helium emission lines from the SN CSM. No such lines were detected in our data. We therefore use photoionisation models to derive upper limits of 1x10^-5 and 6x10^-5 Msol/yr, assuming wind velocities of 10 and 50 km/s, respectively, for the mass loss rate from the progenitor system of SN 2001el. This excludes a symbiotic star in the upper mass loss rate regime from being the progenitor of SN 2001el. The low-resolution spectrum was obtained in the nebular phase of the supernova, \\~400 days after the maximum light, to search for any hydrogen rich gas originating from the SN progenitor system. However, we see no signs of Balmer lines in our spectrum. Therefore, we model the late time spectra to derive an upper limit of ~0.03 Msol for solar a...

Mattila, S; Sollerman, J; Kozma, C; Baron, E; Fransson, C; Leibundgut, B; Nomoto, K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Microstructure study of the rare-earth intermetallic compounds R5(SixGe1-x)4 and R5(SixGe1-x)3  

SciTech Connect

The unique combination of magnetic properties and structural transitions exhibited by many members of the R{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} family (R = rare earths, 0 ? x ? 1) presents numerous opportunities for these materials in advanced energy transformation applications. Past research has proven that the crystal structure and magnetic ordering of the R{sub 5(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} compounds can be altered by temperature, magnetic field, pressure and the Si/Ge ratio. Results of this thesis study on the crystal structure of the Er{sub 5}Si{sub 4} compound have for the first time shown that the application of mechanical forces (i.e. shear stress introduced during the mechanical grinding) can also result in a structural transition from Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-type orthorhombic to Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}-type monoclinic. This structural transition is reversible, moving in the opposite direction when the material is subjected to low-temperature annealing at 500 ?C. Successful future utilization of the R{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} family in novel devices depends on a fundamental understanding of the structure-property interplay on the nanoscale level, which makes a complete understanding of the microstructure of this family especially important. Past scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation has shown that nanometer-thin plates exist in every R{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} (5:4) phase studied, independent of initial parent crystal structure and composition. A comprehensive electron microscopy study including SEM, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), selected area diffraction (SAD), and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) of a selected complex 5:4 compound based on Er rather than Gd, (Er{sub 0.9Lu{sub 0.1}){sub 5}Si{sub 4}, has produced data supporting the assumption that all the platelet-like features present in the R{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} family are hexagonal R{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 3} (5:3) phase and possess the same reported orientation relationship that exists for the Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} and Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} compounds, i.e. [010](102?){sub m} || [101?0](12?11){sub p}. Additionally, the phase identification in (Er{sub 0.9}Lu{sub 0.1}){sub 5}Si{sub 4} carried out using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) techniques revealed that the low amount of 5:3 phase is undetectable in a conventional laboratory Cu K? diffractometer due to detection limitations, but that extremely low amounts of the 5:3 phase can be detected using high resolution powder diffraction (HRPD) employing a synchrotron source. These results suggest that use of synchrotron radiation for the study of R{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} compounds should be favored over conventional XRD for future investigations. The phase stability of the thin 5:3 plates in a Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} sample was examined by performing long-term annealing at very high temperature. The experimental results indicate the plates are thermally unstable above 1200?C. While phase transformation of 5:3 to 5:4 occurs during the annealing, the phase transition is still fairly sluggish, being incomplete even after 24 hours annealing at this elevated temperature. Additional experiments using laser surface melting performed on the surface of a Ho{sub 5}(Si{sub 0.8}Ge{sub 0.}2){sub 4} sample showed that rapid cooling will suppress the precipitation of 5:3 plates. Bulk microstructure studies of polycrystalline and monocrystalline Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} compounds examined using optical microscopy, SEM and TEM also show a series of linear features present in the Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} matrix, similar in appearance in many ways to the 5:3 plates observed in R{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} compounds. A systematic microscopy analysis of these linear features revealed they also are thin plates with a stoichiometric composition of Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} with an orthorhombic structure. The orientation relationship between the 5:3 matrix and the precipitate 5:4 thin plates was determined as [101?0] (12?11){s

Cao, Qing

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

424

Microhydration Effects on the Intermediates of the SN2 Reacation of Iodide Anion with Methyl Iodine  

SciTech Connect

Reactions of halide anions with methyl halides (X- + CH3Y ? XCH3 + Y-) are bimolecular nucleophilic substitution (SN2) reactions that have been well investigated in the last few decades.[1] Figure 1 shows typical potential energy surfaces (PESs) proposed for symmetric (X- + CH3X ? XCH3 + X-) SN2 reactions along the reaction coordinate. In the gas phase, the PES has two minima corresponding to the stable X-(CH3X) complexes.[2] The PES is substantially distorted by the solvation. Since the negative charge is delocalized over the [XCH3X]- moiety at the transition state the stabilization energy gained by the solvation is smaller for the transition state than that for the (X- + CH3X) reactants or the X- (CH3X) complexes. In solution, a large potential barrier exists between the reactants and products. The rate constants of these reactions in protic solvents were reported to be a few orders of magnitude smaller than those in aprotic solvents; this trend was explained by the formation of solvation shells of protic molecules around the halide anions.[1,3] Morokuma has previously reported a theoretical study on the PES of the (Cl- + CH3Cl ? ClCH3 + Cl-) SN2 reaction with a few H2O molecules. The attachment of H2O molecules to the Cl-(CH3Cl) reactive system produces metastable isomers, which affect the reaction mechanism.[4] Johnson and coworkers extensively investigated the structure and reactions of halide anion complexes in the gas phase using photodissociation spectroscopy.

Doi, Keisuke; Togano, Eijiro; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Nakanishi, Ryuzo; Nagata, Takashi; Ebata, Takayuki; Inokuchi, Yoshiya

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

ON ABSORPTION BY CIRCUMSTELLAR DUST, WITH THE PROGENITOR OF SN 2012aw AS A CASE STUDY  

SciTech Connect

We use the progenitor of SN 2012aw to illustrate the consequences of modeling circumstellar dust using Galactic (interstellar) extinction laws that (1) ignore dust emission in the near-IR and beyond, (2) average over dust compositions, and (3) mischaracterize the optical/UV absorption by assuming that scattered photons are lost to the observer. The primary consequences for the progenitor of SN 2012aw are that both the luminosity and the absorption are significantly overestimated. In particular, the stellar luminosity is most likely in the range 10{sup 4.8} < L {sub *}/L {sub Sun} < 10{sup 5.0} and the star was not extremely massive for a Type IIP progenitor, with M {sub *} < 15 M {sub Sun }. Given the properties of the circumstellar dust and the early X-ray/radio detections of SN 2012aw, the star was probably obscured by an ongoing wind with M-dot {approx}10{sup -5.5} to 10{sup -5.0} M {sub Sun} yr{sup -1} at the time of the explosion, roughly consistent with the expected mass-loss rates for a star of its temperature (T{sub *} {approx_equal} 3600{sup +300} {sub -200} K) and luminosity. In the spirit of Galactic extinction laws, we supply simple interpolation formulae for circumstellar extinction by dusty graphitic and silicate shells as a function of wavelength ({lambda} {>=} 0.3 {mu}m) and total (absorption plus scattering) V-band optical depth ({tau}{sub V} {<=} 20). These do not include the contributions of dust emission, but provide a simple, physical alternative to incorrectly using interstellar extinction laws.

Kochanek, C. S.; Khan, R. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Dai, X. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks Street, Norman, OK 73019 (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Modeling uptake and translocation of lead (Pb) in maize for the purposes of phyutoextraction. Master`s Thesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phytoextraction is a remediation technology that uses plants to remove heavy metals from soil. This technology has the potential to decrease the costs of remediating contaminated sites by several orders of magnitude compared to traditional technologies. To effectively implement this technology requires an understanding of the plant processes that control uptake and translocation of metals from the soil. Currently these processes are poorly understood, and especially so for Pb. The purpose of this thesis was to gain insights concerning the plant mechanisms that control uptake and translocation of Pb and how these mechanisms interact to control levels of Pb accumulation in the plant. This was accomplished by developing, testing, and implementing a system dynamics model that simulated a maize plant taking up and translocating Pb. As a result of a rigorous process of conceptualization, formulation, and testing, it appears that this model is a valid tool for studying uptake, translocation, and accumulation of Pb. The results suggest that precipitation of Pb as a Pb-phosphate at the root surface and throughout the plant is one of the most important mechanisms in this system. The maximal uptake rate of Pb (Vmax) and effective root mass may also be key plant parameters in this process. The model may also be used to test various phytoextraction management scenarios, two of which were tested in this study.

Brennan, M.A.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

O and Pb isotopic analyses of uranium minerals by ion microprobe and UPb ages from the Cigar Lake deposit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

O and Pb isotopic analyses of uranium minerals by ion microprobe and U­Pb ages from the Cigar Lake intergrown uranium minerals and oxygen isotopic analyes of uraninite from the unconformity-type Cigar Lake uranium deposit. Secondary uranium minerals intergrown with uraninite, such as coffinite, USiO4ÁnH2O

Fayek, Mostafa

428

Transcriptomic Analysis of Host Immune and Cell Death Responses Associated with the Influenza A Virus PB1-F2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-apoptotic properties of PB1-F2. Using a NF-kB luciferase adenoviral vector, we were able to quantify in vivo the implication of NF-kB in the inflammation mediated by the influenza virus infection; we found that PB1-F2 expression intensifies the NF-kB activity. Finally, we quantified the neutrophil recruitment within

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

429

Workshop on effects of chromium coating on Nb{sub 3}Sn superconductor strand: Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the following topics: Chromium coating on superconductor strand -- an overview; technology of chromium plating; comparison of wires plated by different platers; search for chromium in copper; strand manufactures` presentations; chromium plating at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; a first look at a chromium plating process development project tailored for T.P.X. and I.T.E.R. strand; and influence of chromium diffusion and related phenomena on the reference ratios of bare and chromium plated Nb{sub 3}Sn strand.

Not Available

1994-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

430

ITER Model Coil Tests Overview: Nb3Sn Strand Properties in Cable-in-Conduit-Conductors  

SciTech Connect

During the ITER Model Coil Program two large coils and three Insert coils were built and tested. The test campaigns provided very valuable data on the Conductor in Conduit Cable (CICC) properties. The tests showed that the Nb3Sn strands in CICC behave differently than so-called witness strands, which underwent the same heat treatment. The paper describes Volt-temperature characteristics (VTC) and Volt-Ampere characteristics (VAC) measured in the tests, presents comparisons with the witness strands, and interprets the test results.

Martovetsky, N N

2003-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

431

Circuit Breaker Maintenance; Volume 1: Low-Voltage Circuit Breakers; Part 2: GE AK Models: Volume 1: Low-Voltage Circuit Breakers Pa rt 2: GE AK Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This comprehensive guide will help utilities improve their maintenance of GE model AK circuit breakers. It consolidates industry guidelines, applicable standards, original equipment manufacturer recommendations, and hands-on experience relative to these circuit breakers. Ultimately, improved maintenance will increase reliability and reduce costs associated with corrective maintenance and equipment downtime.

1992-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

432

Importance of non-parabolic band effects in the thermoelectric properties of semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

We present an analysis of the thermoelectric properties of of n-type GeTe and SnTe in relation to the lead chalcogenides PbTe and PbSe. We find that the singly degenerate conduction bands of semiconducting GeTe and SnTe are highly non-parabolic, even very close to the band edges. This leads to isoenergy surfaces with a strongly corrugated shape that is clearly evident at carrier concentrations well below 0.005 e per formula unit. Analysis within Boltzmann theory shows that this corrugation is favorable for the thermoelectric transport. As a result these materials may exhibit n-type performance exceeding that of the lead chalcogenides.

Singh, David J [ORNL] [ORNL; Parker, David S [ORNL] [ORNL; Chen, Xin [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Intro Pb Model Gibbs Simus Multi Bayes Gibbs Simus Change-point Detection in Astronomical Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The Poisson rate parameter varies as determined by the actual changes in brightness of the Gamma Ray Burst, Bordeaux, '05 #12;Intro Pb Model Gibbs Simus Multi Bayes Gibbs Simus Introduction BATSE module Burst And Transient Source Experiment The Compton -Ray Observatory N. Dobigeon, J.-Y. Tourneret, J.D. Scargle IEEE

Tourneret, Jean-Yves

434

Room-temperature oxygen sensitization in highly textured, nanocrystalline PbTe films: A mechanistic study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we report large mid-wave infrared photoconductivity in highly textured, nanocrystalline PbTe films thermally evaporated on Si at room temperature. Responsivity as high as 25 V/W is measured at the 3.5 ?m ...

Wang, Jianfei

435

Pb Isotopes as an Indicator of the Asian Contribution to Particulate Air Pollution in Urban California  

SciTech Connect

During the last two decades, expanding industrial activity in east Asia has led to increased production of airborne pollutants that can be transported to North America. Previous efforts to detect this trans-Pacific pollution have relied upon remote sensing and remote sample locations. We tested whether Pb isotope ratios in airborne particles can be used to directly evaluate the Asian contribution to airborne particles of anthropogenic origin in western North America, using a time series of samples from a pair of sites upwind and downwind of the San Francisco Bay Area. Our results for airborne Pb at these sites indicate a median value of 29 Asian origin, based on mixing relations between distinct regional sample groups. This trans-Pacific Pb is present in small quantities but serves as a tracer for airborne particles within the growing Asian industrial plume. We then applied this analysis to archived samples from urban sites in central California. Taken together, our results suggest that the analysis of Pb isotopes can reveal the distribution of airborne particles affected by Asian industrial pollution at urban sites in northern California. Under suitable circumstances, this analysis can improve understanding of the global transport of pollution, independent of transport models.

Ewing, Stephanie A.; Christensen, John N.; Brown, Shaun T.; Vancuren, Richard A.; Cliff, Steven S.; DePaolo, Donald J.

2010-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

436

Mobile Pb-isotopes in Proterozoic sedimentary basins as guides for exploration of uranium deposits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile Pb-isotopes in Proterozoic sedimentary basins as guides for exploration of uranium deposits of sedimentary basins hosting unconformity-type uranium deposits. In addition, these techniques have great potential as a guide for exploration of uranium and other types of deposits in basins of any age. Isotope

Hiatt, Eric E.

437

Measurements of 7Be and 210Pb in Rain, Snow, and Hail  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the levels of 7Be and 210Pb are reported for rain, snow, and hail samples taken at Argonne, Illinois, and Socorro, New Mexico. These natural radioisotopes are indicators of the sources of the aerosols contributing materials to the ...

Jeffrey S. Gaffney; Kent A. Orlandini; Nancy A. Marley; Carl J. Popp

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Statistical considerations in high precision U-Pb geochronology, with an application to the tectonic evolution of the North Cascades, Washington  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The range of geologic problems that may be addressed by U-Pb geochronology is governed by the precision to which U-Pb dates can be measured, expressed as their estimated uncertainties. Accurate and precise knowledge of ...

McLean, Noah Morgan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

SnO{sub 2}/ZnO composite structure for the lithium-ion battery electrode  

SciTech Connect

In this article, SnO{sub 2}/ZnO composite structures have been synthesized by two steps hydrothermal method and investigated their lithium storage capacity as compared with pure ZnO. It has been found that these composite structures combining the large specific surface area, stability and catalytic activity of SnO{sub 2} micro-crystals, demonstrate the higher initial discharge capacity of 1540 mA h g{sup -1} with a Coulombic efficiency of 68% at a rate of 120 mA h g{sup -1} between 0.02 and 2 V and found much better than that of any previously reported ZnO based composite anodes. In addition, a significantly enhanced cycling performance, i.e., a reversible capacity of 497 mA h g{sup -1} is retained after 40 cycles. The improved lithium storage capacity and cycle life is attributed to the addition of SnO{sub 2} structure, which act as good electronic conductors and better accommodation of the large volume change during lithiation/delithiation process. - Graphical abstract: SnO{sub 2}/ZnO composite structures demonstrate the improved lithium storage capacity and cycle life as compared with pure ZnO nanostructure. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Synthesis of SnO{sub 2}/ZnO composite structures by two steps hydrothermal approach. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Investigation of lithium storage capacity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Excellent lithium storage capacity and cycle life of SnO{sub 2}/ZnO composite structures.

Ahmad, Mashkoor, E-mail: mashkoorahmad2003@yahoo.com [Beijing National Center for Electron Microscopy, The State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Laboratory of Advanced Material, China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China) [Beijing National Center for Electron Microscopy, The State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Laboratory of Advanced Material, China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Nanomaterial Research Group, Physics Division, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); Yingying, Shi [Laboratory of Advanced Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)] [Laboratory of Advanced Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Sun, Hongyu [Beijing National Center for Electron Microscopy, The State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Laboratory of Advanced Material, China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)] [Beijing National Center for Electron Microscopy, The State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Laboratory of Advanced Material, China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Shen, Wanci [Laboratory of Advanced Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)] [Laboratory of Advanced Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhu, Jing, E-mail: jzhu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn [Beijing National Center for Electron Microscopy, The State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Laboratory of Advanced Material, China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)] [Beijing National Center for Electron Microscopy, The State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Laboratory of Advanced Material, China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Structural disorder and magnetism in rare-earth (R) R117Co54+xSn112 +/- y  

SciTech Connect

The cubic R117Co54+xSn112y compounds (R = LaLu, except Pm, Eu, and Yb) have been synthesized and characterized using X-ray diffraction and magnetization measurements. The existence of the compounds with R = Ce, Pr, Sm, Gd, Tb, and Dy has been confirmed, while new compounds with R = Y, La, Nd, Ho, Er, Tm, and Lu have been discovered. All of the studied phases adopt the Dy117Co57Sn112-type crystal structures with a giant cubic cell (a ? 30 ) when the proper heat treatment regime was selected. The lattice parameter decreases from La to Lu, in accordance with the lanthanide contraction and indicating the trivalent state for Ce in Ce117Co54.5Sn115.2. The Co/Sn compositional ratio increases when the size of the R atoms decreases. A single crystal investigation of Gd117Co56.4Sn114.3 confirms extensive structural disorder, particularly around the (1/2, 1/2, 1/2) location of the unit cell (4b site). Such disorder leads to an elongation of the thermal ellipsoids for the atoms surrounding this location. The magnetic measurements of the compounds with R = Ce, Gd and Tb indicate weak magnetic interactions and non-collinear alignment of magnetic moments in the ordered state. The electrical resistivity of Gd117Co56.4Sn114.3 shows interesting behavior with a change of sign at TC for the d?/dT parameter.

Mudryk, Y. [Ames Laboratory; Manfrinetti, P. [University of Genova; Smetana, V. [Ames Laboratory; Liu, J. [Ames Laboratory; Fornasini, M. L. [University of Genova; Provino, A. [University of Genova; Pecharsky, V. K. [University of Genova; Miller, Gordon J. [Ames Laboratory; Gschneidner Jr., Karl A. [Ames Laboratory

2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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441

Structural and electronic studies of a-SiGe:H alloys  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes work to produce alloys of a-Si[sub 1-x]Ge[sub x]:H of improved photoelectronic quality by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). The goal was to discover optimum preparation conditions for the end-component, a-Ge:H, to establish whether modification of the usual practice of starting from a-Si:H preparation conditions was advisable. Such modification, found to be necessary, gave films of a-Ge:H with efficiency-mobility-lifetime products ([eta][mu][tau]) 10[sup 2] to 10[sup 3] higher than were earlier available, in homogeneous environmentally stable material. Both a-Ge:H and a-Si[sub 1-x]Ge[sub x]:H of large x were studied in detail. Alloy material was shown to have [eta][mu][tau] 10[sup 2] larger than found earlier. However, just as the [eta][mu][tau] of a-Si:H decreases when Ge is added, so also the [eta][mu][tau] of these alloys with Si addition. By contrast, the ambipolar diffusion lengths, L[sub o] which are governed by the hole mobility, vary by only a factor of two over the whole alloy series. Using the experimental finding of a small valence band offset between a-Si:H and a-Ge:H compositional fluctuations on a 10-mm scale are suggested to explain the behavior of [eta][mu][tau] and L[sub o] The implications for eventual improvement of the alloys are profound, but require direct experimental tests of the postulated compositional fluctuations.

Paul, W. (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Tin (Sn)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Tin phase Interatomic distance, nm Number of neighbors α tin 0.279 4 0.456 8 β tin 0.302 4 0.318 2 0.376 4 Liquid tin (250 °C) 0.338 10 Source: Ref 433...

443

Electronic structure of fully epitaxial Co2TiSn thin films  

SciTech Connect

In this article we report on the properties of thin films of the full Heusler compound Co{sub 2}TiSn prepared by DC magnetron co-sputtering. Fully epitaxial, stoichiometric films were obtained by deposition on MgO (001) substrates at substrate temperatures above 600 C. The films are well ordered in the L2{sub 1} structure, and the Curie temperature exceeds slightly the bulk value. They show a significant, isotropic magnetoresistance and the resistivity becomes strongly anomalous in the paramagnetic state. The films are weakly ferrimagnetic, with nearly 1 {mu}{sub B} on the Co atoms, and a small antiparallel Ti moment, in agreement with theoretical expectations. From comparison of x-ray absorption spectra on the Co L{sub 3,2} edges, including circular and linear magnetic dichroism, with ab initio calculations of the x-ray absorption and circular dichroism spectra we infer that the electronic structure of Co{sub 2}TiSn has essentially non-localized character. Spectral features that have not been explained in detail before, are explained here in terms of the final state band structure.

Meinert, Markus; Schmalhorst, Jan; Wulfmeier, Hendrik; Reiss, Gunter; Arenholz, Elke; Graf, Tanja; Felser, Claudia

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

444

Structure and Stability of SnO2 Nanocrystals and Surface-Bound  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: The structure of SnO2 nanoparticles (avg. 5 nm) with a few layers of water on the surface has been elucidated by atomic pair distribution function (PDF) methods using in situ neutron total scattering data and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Analysis of PDF, neutron prompt gamma, and thermogravimetric data, coupled with MD-generated surface D2O/OD configurations demonstrates that the minimum concentration of OD groups required to prevent rapid growth of nanoparticles during thermal dehydration corresponds to 0.7 monolayer coverage. Surface hydration layers not only stabilize the SnO2 nanoparticles but also induce particle-size-dependent structural modifications and are likely to promote interfacial reactions through hydrogen bonds between adjacent particles. Upon heating/dehydration under vacuum above 250 C, nanoparticles start to grow with low activation energies, rapid increase of nanoparticle size, and a reduction in the a lattice dimension. This study underscores the value of neutron diffraction and prompt-gamma analysis, coupled with molecular modeling, in elucidating the influence of surface hydration on the structure and metastable persistence of oxide nanomaterials.

Wang, Hsiu-Wen [ORNL; Wesolowski, David J [ORNL; Proffen, Thomas E [ORNL; Vlcek, Lukas [ORNL; Wang, Wei [ORNL; Allard Jr, Lawrence Frederick [ORNL; Kolesnikov, Alexander I [ORNL; Feygenson, Mikhail [ORNL; Anovitz, Lawrence {Larry} M [ORNL; Paul, Dr. Rick L. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

TiNiSn: A gateway to the (1,1,1) intermetallic compounds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent awareness of the transport properties of Skutterudite pnictides has stimulated an interest in numerous other intermetallic compounds having a gap in the density of states at the Fermi level including the MNiSn compounds where M = (Ti, Zr, Hf). These intermetallic half-Heusler compounds are characterized by high Seebeck coefficients ({minus}150 to {minus}300 {micro}V/deg.) and reasonable carrier mobilities (30 to 50 cm{sup 2}/V-s) at room temperature which make them attractive candidates for intermediate temperature thermoelectric applications. Samples of TiNiSn were prepared by arc melting and homogenized by heat treatment. The temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity, Seebeck coefficient, and thermal diffusivity of these samples was characterized between 22 C and 900 C. The electrical resistivity and thermopower both decrease with temperature although the resistivity decreases at a faster rate. Electrical power factors in excess of 25 {micro}W/cm-C{sup 2} were observed in nearly single phase alloys within a 300 to 600 C temperature range. A brief survey of other selected ternary intermetallic compounds is also presented.

Cook, B.A.; Harringa, J.L. [Ames Lab., IA (United States); Tan, Z.S.; Jesser, W.A. [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

ON THE NATURE OF THE PROGENITOR OF THE Type Ia SN2011fe IN M101  

SciTech Connect

The explosion of a Type Ia supernova, SN2011fe, in the nearby Pinwheel galaxy (M101 at 6.4 Mpc) provides an opportunity to study pre-explosion images and search for the progenitor, which should consist of a white dwarf (WD), possibly surrounded by an accretion disk, in orbit with another star. We report on our use of deep Chandra observations and Hubble Space Telescope observations to limit the luminosity and temperature of the pre-explosion WD. It is found that if the spectrum was a blackbody, then pre-SN WDs with steady nuclear burning of the highest possible temperatures and luminosities are excluded assuming moderate n{sub H} values, but values of kT between roughly 10 eV and 60 eV are permitted even if the WD was emitting at the Eddington luminosity. This allows the progenitor to be an accreting nuclear-burning WD with an expanded photosphere 4-100 times the WD itself, or a super-critically accreting WD blowing off an optically thick strong wind, or possibly a recurrent nova with luminosities an order of magnitude lower than Eddington. The observations are also consistent with a double degenerate scenario, or a spinning down WD that has been spun up by accretion from the donor.

Liu Jifeng [National Astronomical Observatory of China, Beijing 100012 (China); Di Stefano, Rosanne; Wang Tao; Moe, Maxwell [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

447

Design of a Nb3Sn Magnet for a 4th Generation ECR Ion Source  

SciTech Connect

The next generation of Electron Cyclotron Resonant (ECR) ion sources are expected to operate at a heating radio frequency greater than 40 GHz. The existing 3rd generation systems, exemplified by the state of the art system VENUS, operate in the 10-28 GHz range, and use NbTi superconductors for the confinement coils. The magnetic field needed to confine the plasma scales with the rf frequency, resulting in peak fields on the magnets of the 4th generation system in excess of 10 T. High field superconductors such as Nb{sub 3}Sn must therefore be considered. The magnetic design of a 4th. generation ECR ion source operating at an rf frequency of 56 GHz is considered. The analysis considers both internal and external sextupole configurations, assuming commercially available Nb{sub 3}Sn material properties. Preliminary structural design issues are discussed based on the forces and margins associated with the coils in the different configurations, leading to quantitative data for the determination of a final magnet design.

Prestemon, S,; Trillaud, F.; Caspi, S.; Ferracin, P.; Sabbi, G. L.; Lyneis, C. M.; Leitner, D.; Todd, D. S.; Hafalia, R.

2008-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

448

Light cluster production in E/A = 61 MeV 36Ar + 112,124Sn reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental kinetic energy distributions and small-angle two-particle correlation functions involving deuterons and tritons are compared for 36Ar+ 112,124Sn collisions at E/A = 61 MeV (i.e. for systems similar in size, but with different isospin content). A larger triton yield is observed from the more neutron-rich system, as predicted by IBUU simulations, while the emission times of the light clusters are found to be the same for the two Sn-target systems. For both systems, the time sequence tau_{d} < tau_{p} < tau_{t}, is deduced for charged particles emitted from the intermediate velocity source.

R. Ghetti; J. Helgesson; V. Avdeichikov; B. Jakobsson; N. Colonna; G. Tagliente; H. W. Wilschut; V. L. Kravchuk

2005-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

449

Ethanol Sensitivity of Cu{sub 1-x}Sn{sub x}O(x = 0.00, 0.03, and 0.05) Nanoflakes  

SciTech Connect

Cu{sub 1-x}Sn{sub x}O(x = 0.00, 0.03, and 0.05) nanoflakes were synthesized by a simple wet chemical method and X-Ray diffraction (XRD) result confirms the monoclinic structure of CuO with no secondary phases due to Sn doping. The scanning electron microscopic images indicate the formation of nanoflakes. The fundamental Raman modes were observed at 273, 318, 610, and 1084 cm{sup -1} for undoped CuO sample and theses modes were slightly shifted towards lower frequency side for Sn-doped samples, which indicates the inclusion of Sn in CuO. In addition, XRD and Raman studies infer the decrease of crystallinity in doped samples, which is reflected in the sensitivity towards ethanol. The ethanol sensitivity (resistivity measurement) increases with ethanol gas concentration and decreases with Sn-doping in CuO nanoflakes.

Mariammal, R. N.; Ramachandran, K. [School of Physics, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai-21 (India)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Investigations of the R5(SixGe1-x)4 Intermetallic Compounds by X-Ray Resonant Magnetic Scattering  

SciTech Connect

The XRMS experiment on the Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} system has shown that, below the Neel temperature, T{sub N} = 127 K, the magnetic unit cells is the same as the chemical unit cell. From azimuth scans and the Q dependence of the magnetic scattering, all three Gd sites in the structure were determined to be in the same magnetic space group Pnma. The magnetic moments are aligned along the c-axis and the c-components of the magnetic moments at the three different sites are equal. The ferromagnetic slabs are stacked antiferromagnetically along the b-direction. They found an unusual order parameter curve in Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}. A spin-reorientation transition is a possibility in Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}, which is similar to the Tb{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} case. Tb{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} possesses the same Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type crystallographic structure and the same magnetic space group as Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} does. The difference in magnetic structure is that Tb{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} has a canted one but Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} has nearly a collinear one in the low temperature antiferromagnetic phase. The competition between the magneto-crystalline anisotropy and the nearest-neighbor magnetic exchange interactions may allow a 3-dimensional canted antiferromagnetic structure in Tb{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}. The spin-reorientation transition in both Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} and Tb{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} may arise from the competition between the magnetic anisotropy from the spin-orbit coupling of the conduction electrons and the dipolar interactions anisotropy.

Lizhi Tan

2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

451

Epitaxial growth of Dy2O3 thin films on epitaxial Dy-germanide films on Ge(001) substrates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultra-thin films of Dy are grown on Ge(001) substrates by molecular beam deposition near room temperature and immediately annealed for solid phase epitaxy at higher temperatures, leading to the formation of DyGe"x films. Thin films of Dy"2O"3 are grown ... Keywords: Dy2O3 film, Ge(001) substrate, High-? oxide, Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), Structural characterization, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)

Md. Nurul Kabir Bhuiyan; Mariela Menghini; Jin Won Seo; Jean-Pierre Locquet

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-13-005 GE Hitachi EC B3-6.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 SECTION A. Project Title: Next Generation Electromagnetic Pump: Analysis Tools and Insulation Materials Development - GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Americas LLC SECTION B. Project Description GE Hitachi, teaming with Argonne National Laboratory, proposes to improve electromagnetic (EM) pump analysis model and EM design and analysis tools for next-generation EM pumps. Additionally, GE Hitachi proposes to develop, produce, and evaluate samples of new pump insulation materials. SECTION C. Environmental Aspects / Potential Sources of Impact Chemical Use/Storage - Mica flake, ceramic fibers, glass fibers, and ceramic binders will be used. Chemical Waste Disposal - Approximately 1 lb of mica flake, 1 lb of ceramic fibers, 1 lb of glass fibers, and 20 lbs of ceramic binders

453

Suzanne G.E. te Velthuis - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NXRS > Suzanne G.E. te Velthuis NXRS > Suzanne G.E. te Velthuis Suzanne G.E. te Velthuis Physicist Bldg. 223, B-205 Phone 630-252-1075 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Quick Links Selected Publications Selected Invited Talks Present Position Physicist, Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory (2005-Present). Education Ph.D. Degree, Deft University of Technology, The Netherlands (1999). Masters Degree in Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands (1993). Professional Expirence Assistant Scientist, Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, (2001-2005). Post-doctoral Scientist, Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, Argonne National Laboratory (1999-2001). Researcher in training (leading to PhD degree), Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands (1994 -1998).

454

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-13-005 GE Hitachi EC B3-6.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 SECTION A. Project Title: Next Generation Electromagnetic Pump: Analysis Tools and Insulation Materials Development - GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Americas LLC SECTION B. Project Description GE Hitachi, teaming with Argonne National Laboratory, proposes to improve electromagnetic (EM) pump analysis model and EM design and analysis tools for next-generation EM pumps. Additionally, GE Hitachi proposes to develop, produce, and evaluate samples of new pump insulation materials. SECTION C. Environmental Aspects / Potential Sources of Impact Chemical Use/Storage - Mica flake, ceramic fibers, glass fibers, and ceramic binders will be used. Chemical Waste Disposal - Approximately 1 lb of mica flake, 1 lb of ceramic fibers, 1 lb of glass fibers, and 20 lbs of ceramic binders

455

Hybrid model of GeV-TeV gamma ray emission from Galactic Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The observations of high energy $\\gamma$-ray emission from the Galactic center (GC) by HESS, and recently by Fermi, suggest the cosmic ray acceleration in the GC and possibly around the supermassive black hole. In this work we propose a lepton-hadron hybrid model to explain simultaneously the GeV-TeV $\\gamma$-ray emission. Both electrons and hadronic cosmic rays were accelerated during the past activity of the GC. Then these particles would diffuse outwards and interact with the interstellar gas and background radiation field. The collisions between hadronic cosmic rays with gas is responsible to the TeV $\\gamma$-ray emission detected by HESS. With fast cooling in the strong radiation field, the electrons would cool down and radiate GeV photons through inverse Compton scattering off the soft background photons. This scenario provides a natural explanation of the observed GeV-TeV spectral shape of $\\gamma$-rays.

Yi-Qing Guo; Qiang Yuan; Cheng Liu; Ai-Feng Li

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

456

6 GeV LIGHT SOURCE PROJECT COST ESTIMATING PROCEDURE LS-34  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GeV LIGHT SOURCE PROJECT GeV LIGHT SOURCE PROJECT COST ESTIMATING PROCEDURE LS-34 October 23, 1985 YC/AVR To maintain uniformity in estimating the cost requirements of the various components of the 6 GeV Light Source, the following procedure will be used by all the task groups. The procedure uses a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) to break down the project into manageable, easy to estimate, components. The project is first broken down into major tasks or categories. Then each major division is continuously subdivided until the desired level of detail is achieved. This can be shown best by using the example of the WBS of the Aladdin Upgrade Project, excerpts of which are included in Appendix A. As shown in the example, the project is first divided into: 1.1 Project Management and Administration

457

The Linac Injector For The ANL 7 Ge V Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Injector For The ANL 7 Ge V Injector For The ANL 7 Ge V Advanced Photon Source A. Nassiri, W. Wesolowski, and G. Mavrogenes Argonne National Laboratory Submitted to the 1990 LINAC Conferece Albuquerque, New Mexico LS-154 9/28/90 TEE LINAC INJECTOR FOR TEE ANL 7 G<.iJ,V ADVANCED PHOTON SOORCE* A. Nassiri, W. Wesolowski, and G. Mavrogenes Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 USA Abstract The Argonne Advanced Photon Source (APS) linac system consists of a 200 MeV electron linac, a positron converter, and a 450 MeV positron linac. Design parameters and computer simulations of the two linac systems are presented. Introduction The Argonne Advanced Photon Source is a 7 GeV synchrotron X-Ray facility. The APS machine parameters have been described.

458

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GENERAL ELECTRIC GLOBAL RESEARCH, INC (GE) FOR AN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RESEARCH, INC (GE) FOR AN RESEARCH, INC (GE) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE AWARD NO. DE-EE0005344; W(A) 2011-072 GE has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights of the United States of America in all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above referenced cooperative agreement entitled "Module Embedded Microinverter Smart Grid Ready Residential Solar Electric System." The cooperative agreement was made under the Solar Energy Grid Integration Systems - Advanced Concepts (SEGIS-AC) Funding Opportunity Announcement (DE-FOA-0000479). The objectives of SEGIS-AC are to support the development and demonstration of technologies in power electronics that reduce the overall PV system costs, allow high penetrations of solar

459

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY THE GE CORPORATE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 0 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY THE GE CORPORATE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (GE) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE- FC07-011D14093; W(A)-01-031; CH-1078 The Petitioner, GE, has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above referenced cooperative agreement entitled "Microanalysis Techniques for Accelerated Characterization of Polymer Properties." This waiver will not impact the rights of those parties subject to Public Law 96-517, as amended, nor shall it grant any rights in inventions made by employees of the National Laboratories. The objective of the cooperative agreement is to develop techniques and

460

MaGe - a Geant4-based Monte Carlo framework for low-background experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Monte Carlo framework, MaGe, has been developed based on the Geant4 simulation toolkit. Its purpose is to simulate physics processes in low-energy and low-background radiation detectors, specifically for the Majorana and Gerda $^{76}$Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments. This jointly-developed tool is also used to verify the simulation of physics processes relevant to other low-background experiments in Geant4. The MaGe framework contains simulations of prototype experiments and test stands, and is easily extended to incorporate new geometries and configurations while still using the same verified physics processes, tunings, and code framework. This reduces duplication of efforts and improves the robustness of and confidence in the simulation output.

Yuen-Dat Chan; Jason A. Detwiler; Reyco Henning; Victor M. Gehman; Rob A. Johnson; David V. Jordan; Kareem Kazkaz; Markus Knapp; Kevin Kroninger; Daniel Lenz; Jing Liu; Xiang Liu; Michael G. Marino; Akbar Mokhtarani; Luciano Pandola; Alexis G. Schubert; Claudia Tomei

2008-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge sn pb" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

New Measurement of the Cosmic-Ray Positron Fraction from 5 to 15 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new measurement of the cosmic-ray positron fraction at energies between 5 and 15 GeV with the balloon-borne HEAT-pbar instrument in the spring of 2000. The data presented here are compatible with our previous measurements, obtained with a different instrument. The combined data from the three HEAT flights indicate a small positron flux of non-standard origin above 5 GeV. We compare the new measurement with earlier data obtained with the HEAT-e+- instrument, during the opposite epoch of the solar cycle, and conclude that our measurements do not support predic