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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......dosimeter: An improved cathode ray determination...Stopping Powers of Materials (1989) Gaithersburg...of the physically active ultraviolet (which...Standard Reference Materials: Accuracy in Analytical...dosimeter: An improved cathode ray determination...Stopping Powers of Materials, NIST Standard......

References

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis Analysis Analysis - Home Analytical Dashboards Computerized Accident Incident Reporting and Recordkeeping System (CAIRS) Corporate Safety Analysis Trends Daily Occurrence Reports Electrical Safety Occurrences Final Occurrence Reports Access System Login Lessons Learned and Best Practices Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS) Operating Experience Committee Operating Experience Level 1, 2, and 3 Documents Operating Experience Summaries Radiation Exposure Monitoring Systems (REMS) Safety Bulletins Safety and Health Alerts Safety Basis Information System (SBIS) Suspect/Counterfeit Items and Defective Items (SCI/DI) References HSS Logo References DOE O 210.2A, DOE Corporate Operating Experience Program (Apr 08, 2011) DOE O 210.2 Crosswalk DOE O 231.1B, Environment, Safety and Health Reporting (Jun 27, 2011)

3

REFERENCES  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

205.1B 205.1B Approved 05-16-2011 Page 1 REFERENCES 1. INTRODUCTION 2. . Includes a list of sources cited in the directive and additional information sources to assist in implementing DOE Order 205.1B, Cyber Security Program. FEDERAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS a. Public Law (P.L.) 93-579, Privacy Act of 1974, as amended [Title 5 United States Code (U.S.C.) Section 552a]. . b. P.L. 104-106, Division E, Clinger Cohen Act (CCA) (formerly Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996. c. P.L. 106-65, "National Defense Authorization Act [Section 3212(d)], enacted October 1999. d. P.L. 107-347, Title III, Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA), enacted December 2002. 3. OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET (OMB) CIRCULARS. Located at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars_default/.

4

Reference Material  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reference Materials There are a variety of reference materials the NSSAB utilizes and have been made available on its website. Documents Fact Sheets - links to Department of Energy...

5

Building | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Scientists at GE Global Research get into the holiday spirit by bringing high-tech additive manufacturing techniques to Christmas... Read More Global Research and GE...

6

GE Research and Development | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a decade of innovation Closing the Culture Gap Between Academia and Industry Additive Manufacturing Demonstration at GE Global Research innovate Latest News U.S....

7

Reference Shelf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Find reference sources Questions? 505-667-5809 Email Biography Biographies of Women in Science Biography.com Marquis Who's Who NobelPrize.org Nobel Prize Internet Archive Calculators Currency Converter OnlineConversion.com Wolfram|Alpha Computational Knowledge Engine Dictionaries Oxford English Dictionary Merriam-Webster Dictionary DOD Dictionary of Military Terms Encyclopedias Britannica Online Columbia Encyclopedia Wikipedia Grants & Funding DOE Office of Science Grants & Contracts National Science Foundation National Institutes of Health Grants.Gov FedBizOpps.gov Los Alamos Info Los Alamos County Los Alamos Historical Society University of New Mexico - Los Alamos Campus Maps Atlapedia Online Perry-Casteneda Library Map Collection U.S. Gazetteer

8

Working at GE Global Research | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

> Why GE Why GE Fostering curiosity and work that makes a big impact on the world. That's how GE helps keep talented researchers motivated. Inspire For our scientists,...

9

6.3.2 Ge spinels and substituted Ge spinels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Al-Ge-Li-O: LiGeAlO4 (Sp). Co-Ga-Ge-O: Co1+xGa2-2xGexO4 (Sp). Co-Ge-L-Li-O: Co0.5LiGeL5O4 (Sp). Co-Ge-Mg-O: Co2-xMgxGeO4 (Sp). Co-Ge-Ni-O: CoNiGeO4 (Sp). Co-Ge-O-Zn: Co2-xZnxGeO4 (Sp). Co-Ge-O: C...

D. Bonnenberg; H.P.J. Wijn

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Chevron, GE form Technology Alliance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chevron, GE form Technology Alliance Chevron, GE form Technology Alliance The Chevron GE Technology Alliance will develop and commercialize valuable technologies to solve critical...

11

Curing | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

this paper-based instrument, the size of a deck of playing cards, enables... Read More Additive Manufacturing Demonstration at GE Global Research See how GE Global Research is...

12

GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

geglobalresearch.com Fri, 30 Jan 2015 17:46:29 +0000 en-US hourly 1 GE Researcher: Putting GE Beliefs into Action http:www.geglobalresearch.comblogcutting-edge-technology-peopl...

13

GE Healthcare Antibody Purification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.....................................................................................................................4 Chapter 3. Small-scale purification by affinity chromatography......................43 GeneralGE Healthcare Antibody Purification Handbook GE Healthcare imagination at work agination at work Purification Handbook Principles and Methods 18-1142-75 Isolation of mononuclear cells Methodology

Lebendiker, Mario

14

Poroelastic references  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This file contains a list of relevant references on the Biot theory (forward and inverse approaches), the double-porosity and dual-permeability theory, and seismic wave propagation in fracture porous media, in RIS format, to approach seismic monitoring in a complex fractured porous medium such as Brady?s Geothermal Field.

Christina Morency

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

15

Poroelastic references  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This file contains a list of relevant references on the Biot theory (forward and inverse approaches), the double-porosity and dual-permeability theory, and seismic wave propagation in fracture porous media, in RIS format, to approach seismic monitoring in a complex fractured porous medium such as Brady?s Geothermal Field.

Christina Morency

16

GE and Quirky | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a partnership that introduces a whole new way of inventing. We teamed up with Quirky, the social product development company, to give everyday inventors access to GE's patents to...

17

Powering | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trials GE Global Research is advancing technology that will make the inspection of wind turbines faster and more reliable for customers.... Read More Brilliant(tm) Wind...

18

Predix | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

developed over the last three years and was first announced publicly at GE's Minds+Machines conference in Chicago, Illinois, in October 2013. Predix enables asset and operations...

19

Subject: References:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Subject: Subject: References: DEAR 970.3102-2 Compensation for personal services DEAR 970.5204-13 Allowable costs and fixed-fee (Management and operating contracts) DEAR 970.5204-14 Allowable costs and fixed-fee (support contracts) When is this ~\.cquisition Letter (AL) Effective? This AL is effective 10 days from the date of issuance. This gui~ce supersedes any previous statutory cap on executive compensation. Existing contracts need to be reviewed to determine whether contract terms and conditions are consistent with the guidance in this AL, or whether contract modifications are necessary. When Does this AL Expire? This AL remain;; in effect until superseded or canceled. Whom do you Contact for More Information? Contact the Office of Procurement and Assistance Policy, for questions pertaining to the

20

GE, Sandia National Lab Improve Wind Turbines | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GE, Sandia National Lab Discover Pathway to Quieter, More Productive Wind Turbines GE, Sandia National Lab Discover Pathway to Quieter, More Productive Wind Turbines Use of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Chevron, GE form Technology Alliance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chevron, GE form Technology Alliance February 3, 2014 HOUSTON, TX, Feb. 3, 2014-Chevron Energy Technology Company and GE Oil & Gas announced today the creation of the Chevron GE...

22

Carousolar | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fun Carousolar Uses Solar Power for Fun This amazing all-white carousel is powered by 100 solar panels and lit up by GE's colorful TETRA Countour LED lights. You Might Also Like...

23

Ge-Au eutectic bonding of Ge {100} single crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present preliminary results on the eutectic bonding between two {100} Ge single crystal surfaces using thin films of ... Au sample show epitaxial growth of Ge. In sections of the bond, lattice continuity...

W. B. Knowlton; K. M. Itoh; J. W. Beeman; J. H. Emes…

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Colon Cancer Mapping | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vanderbilt, GE Team Seek Deeper Understanding of Colon Cancer Vanderbilt, GE Team Seek Deeper Understanding of Colon Cancer Vanderbilt University has partnered with GE Global...

25

GE | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by Jessi3bl(15) Member 16 December, 2012 - 19:18 GE, Clean Energy Fuels Partner to Expand Natural Gas Highway clean energy Clean Energy Fuels energy Environment Fuel GE Innovation...

26

(La0.3Ge0.7)(Ni0.85Ge0.15)2Ge2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It contains the standardized crystallographic data set of (La0.3Ge0.7)(Ni0.85Ge0.15)2Ge2 representing the structure type (La0.30Ge0.70)(Ni0.85Ge0.15)2Ge2.

P. Villars; K. Cenzual; J. Daams…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Frequency response and bandwidth enhancement in Ge/Si avalanche photodiodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frequency response and bandwidth enhancement in Ge/Si avalanche photodiodes with over 840GHz gain-absorption-charge- multiplication Ge/Si avalanche photodiode with an enhanced gain- bandwidth-product of 845GHz at a wavelength photodiodes (APDs) References and links 1. R. B. Emmons, "Avalanche photodiode frequency response," J. Appl

Bowers, John

28

Changing quantum reference frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the process of changing reference frames in the case where the reference frames are quantum systems. We find that, as part of this process, decoherence is necessarily induced on any quantum system described relative to these frames. We explore this process with examples involving reference frames for phase and orientation. Quantifying the effect of changing quantum reference frames serves as a first step in developing a relativity principle for theories in which all objects including reference frames are necessarily quantum.

Matthew C. Palmer; Florian Girelli; Stephen D. Bartlett

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

29

3 GeV Injector Design Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Design Handbook is intended to be the main reference book for the specifications of the 3 GeV SPEAR booster synchrotron project. It is intended to be a consistent description of the project including design criteria, key technical specifications as well as current design approaches. Since a project is not complete till it's complete changes and modifications of early conceptual designs must be expected during the duration of the construction. Therefore, this Design Handbook is issued as a loose leaf binder so that individual sections can be replaced as needed. Each page will be dated to ease identification with respect to latest revisions. At the end of the project this Design Handbook will have become the 'as built' reference book of the injector for operations and maintenance personnel.

Wiedemann, H.; /SLAC, SSRL

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

30

High frequency reference electrode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high frequency reference electrode for electrochemical experiments comprises a mercury-calomel or silver-silver chloride reference electrode with a layer of platinum around it and a layer of a chemically and electrically resistant material such as TEFLON around the platinum covering all but a small ring or halo' at the tip of the reference electrode, adjacent to the active portion of the reference electrode. The voltage output of the platinum layer, which serves as a redox electrode, and that of the reference electrode are coupled by a capacitor or a set of capacitors and the coupled output transmitted to a standard laboratory potentiostat. The platinum may be applied by thermal decomposition to the surface of the reference electrode. The electrode provides superior high-frequency response over conventional electrodes. 4 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.

1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

31

Optical voltage reference  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical voltage reference for providing an alternative to a battery source is described. The optical reference apparatus provides a temperature stable, high precision, isolated voltage reference through the use of optical isolation techniques to eliminate current and impedance coupling errors. Pulse rate frequency modulation is employed to eliminate errors in the optical transmission link while phase-lock feedback is employed to stabilize the frequency to voltage transfer function. 2 figures.

Rankin, R.; Kotter, D.

1994-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

32

Natural Gas Locomotive | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

government. GE engineers are currently testing a fuel mixture that is 80% LNG, and 20% diesel using existing engine hardware. GE engineers continue to address several challenges...

33

New Medical Technology | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of care and expanding medical treatment boundaries. Home > Innovation > Healthcare Additive Manufacturing Demonstration at GE Global Research See how GE Global Research is...

34

Hospital Sterile Processing | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Researches Use of Robots for Hospital Sterile Processing GE Researches Use of Robots for Hospital Sterile Processing GE principal investigator Lynn DeRose discusses the robotic...

35

Oil & Gas Technology Center | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Research Oil & Gas Technology Center GE Global Research Oil & Gas Technology Center Mark Little, SVP and chief technology officer for GE, and Eric Gebhardt, vice president...

36

GE Innovation and Manufacturing in Europe | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wins Award 1-2-38-v-software-reliability-engineering A Stochastic Process-Based Look at Software Reliability 2-1-10-v-working-at-ge-research The Dirt on the Cleanroom...

37

GE Global Research Europe, Munich, Germany | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Munich, Germany Munich, Germany With a hand in nearly all GE research fields, this center is a hub of commercial and industrial science and technology innovation. Visit the Careers...

38

4.3.2 Ge spinels and Ge spinels with substitutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Al-Ge-Li-O-Zn: Li5Al5Zn8Ge9O36 (Sp). Al-Ge-Li-O: Li0.5+0.5xGexAl2.5-1.5xO4 (Sp). Al-Ge-O-Zn: Zn2GeO4: Al (Sp). Co-Fe-Ge-O: Co2-2xFe2xGeO4 (Sp). Co-Ge-L-Li-O: Co0.5LiGeL5O4 (Sp). Co-Ge-Mg-O: Co2-x

D. Bonnenberg; K. A. Hempel

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Sample References Business Student  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and provide them with the job description/your resume Brand Yourself- the heading should be the same as your resume and cover letter Be Consistent- use the same fonts/sizes as your resume and cover letter Pay/advice-tools/resume-cover-letter/how-to-make-the-best-use-of-references Obtaining References http

40

Wilderness Preservation : a Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preservation: A Reference Handbook By Kenneth A. RossenbergPreservation: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO,Preservation: A Reference Handbook is a comprehensive

Zimmer, Peter

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Application Protocol Reference Architecture Application Protocol Reference Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application Protocol Reference Architecture 165 Chapter 7 Application Protocol Reference Architecture This chapter proposes an alternative reference architecture for application protocols. The proposed reference architecture consists of the set of possible architectures for application protocols

van Sinderen, Marten

42

NEWTON's Botany References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Botany References Botany References Do you have a great botany reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Dave's Garden - Plant Database Dave's Garden - Plant Database Visit Dave's Garden with information and photos for 185,359 different plants! United States Department of Agriculture Plant Database USDA PLANTS Database The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. Search over 40,000 plant images of US plants. Botany.com Botany.com Botany.com offers an encyclopedia of flowers and plants and resources to help people learn how to identify any different kinds of plants. Plant Kingdom This is a good reference for looking at the plant kingdom.

43

NEWTON's General Science References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General Science References General Science References Do you have a great general science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: First.gov Science and Technology First.gov Science and Technology This site, sponsered by the US Government provides reference links to topics on science, telecommunications, computers, research agencies, and news. NASA Science NASA Science NASA Science, is a website sponsered by NASA, that supplies resources for understanding our world and the world above. Topics include earth science, heliophysics, the planets, astrophysics and much more. There is also an educator page! Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories See the official site for the Nobel Prize, and read biographies about all of the Nobel Laureates, and there life changing discoveries and accomplishments.

44

MEMS Relays | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MEMS Technology 2-1-7-v-metal-mems-devices MEMS: Inside the Global Research Cleanroom 2-3-11-v Carousolar Uses Solar Power for Fun 2-2-6-v GE Scientists Demonstrate...

45

Laser Additive Manufacturing in GE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There has been an increasing interest given to laser additive manufacturing (LAM) in recent years from across the global. GE has been one of the leading industries engaging in this...

Peng, Henry; Li, Yanmin; Guo, Rui; Wu, Zhiwei

46

GE computer move in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

GE computer move in Japan ... General Electric is moving ahead with plans to set up a joint computer venture in Japan with Tokyo Shibaura Electric (Toshiba) and Mitsubishi Electric. ... Later, possibly in about three years, it will manufacture in Japan. ...

1967-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

47

References to Astrophysics Papers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

References to Astrophysics Papers References to Astrophysics Papers References to Astrophysics Papers Edward Tufte claims the most common number of references to scientific papers is zero. My five papers in astrophysics published from 1992 to 1996 continue to receive citations. Major ones are listed below. Mineo, S.; Rappaport, S.; Steinhorn, B.; Levine, A.; Gilfanov, M.; Pooley, D., 2013, The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 771, Issue 2, article id. 133, 12 pp. Spatially Resolved Star Formation Image and the Ultraluminous X-Ray Source Population in NGC 2207/IC 2163 Junqueira, T. C.; Lépine, J. R. D.; Braga, C. A. S.; Barros, D. A 2013, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 550, id.A91. A new model for gravitational potential perturbations in disks of spiral galaxies. An application to our Galaxy.

48

NEWTON's References About Mathematics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Math References Math References Do you have a great math reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Steve Marsden's Chemistry Resources Discovery Education's Mathematics Guide Discovery Educators have provided a Mathematics Guide for Educators. Included are numerous links to sites that touch on almost every mathematic topic that you are interested in. The Ultimate Math Portal The Ultimate Math Portal Whether you are confused by multiplication, need extra practice with geometry proofs, find yourself struggling to understand logarithms, or you just want to know more about pi, you are sure to find what you need with this great list of math facts and resources. MathIsFun.com MathIsFun.com Here, math is explained in easy language, for your students to understand. Plus, there are puzzles, games, quizzes, worksheets and a forum for more exploration. This site is designed for K-12 kids, teachers and parents to enjoy.

49

NEWTON's Material Science References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Material Science References Material Science References Do you have a great material science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Materials Research Society Materials Research Society The Materials Research Society has assembled many resources in its Materials Science Enthusiasts site. This site has information for the K-12 audience, general public, and materials science professionals. Material Science nanoHUB nanHUB.org is the place for nanotechnology research, education, and collaboration. There are Simulation Programs, Online Presentations, Courses, Learning Modules, Podcasts, Animations, Teaching Materials, and more. (Intened for high school and up) Materials Science Resources on the Web Materials Science Resources on the Web This site gives a good general introduction into material science. Sponsered by Iowa State, it talks about what material science is, ceramics and composites, and other topics.

50

NEWTON's Molecular Biology References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Molecular Biology References Molecular Biology References Do you have a great reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: The Vitual Museum of Bacteria The Vitual Museum of Bacteria Visit the virtual museum of bacteria to learn more about bacteria and germs! This site brings together many links on bacteria, bacteriology, and related topics available on the web. It also provides crystal-clear information about many aspects of bacteria. The American Society of Cell Biology Cell Biology Educational Resources This site, sponsered by the American Society of Cell Biology, provides additional web links to everything from, general educational sites, to biology course materials, to teaching tools and more. National Center for Biotechnology Information National Center for Biotechnology Information

51

REFERENCES Baines, W. D.  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

was performed at Sandia National Laboratories, supported by the U. S. Department of Energy under contract number DE-AC04-76DP00789. REFERENCES Baines, W. D. a, Jd Peterson,...

52

Value of Information References  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

Morency, Christina

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

53

Value of Information References  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

Morency, Christina

54

Precision displacement reference system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A precision displacement reference system is described, which enables real time accountability over the applied displacement feedback system to precision machine tools, positioning mechanisms, motion devices, and related operations. As independent measurements of tool location is taken by a displacement feedback system, a rotating reference disk compares feedback counts with performed motion. These measurements are compared to characterize and analyze real time mechanical and control performance during operation.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Dubois, Robert R. (Albuquerque, NM); Strother, Jerry D. (Edgewood, NM)

2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

55

Kinetic study of GeO disproportionation into a GeO{sub 2}/Ge system using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GeO disproportionation into GeO{sub 2} and Ge is studied through x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Direct evidence for the reaction 2GeO {yields} GeO{sub 2} + Ge after annealing in ultra-high vacuum is presented. Activation energy for GeO disproportionation is found to be about 0.7 {+-} 0.2 eV through kinetic and thermodynamic calculations. A kinetic model of GeO disproportionation is established by considering oxygen transfer in the GeO network. The relationship between GeO disproportionation and GeO desorption induced by GeO{sub 2}/Ge interfacial reaction is discussed, and the apparent contradiction between GeO desorption via interfacial redox reaction and GeO disproportionation into Ge and GeO{sub 2} is explained by considering the oxygen vacancy.

Wang Shengkai [Micorowave Devices and Integrated Circuits Department, Institute of Microelectronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3 Bei-Tu-Cheng West Road, Beijing 100029 (China); Department of Materials Engineering, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Liu Honggang [Microwave Devices and Integrated Circuits Department, Institute of Microelectronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3 Bei-Tu-Cheng West Road, Beijing 100029 (China); Toriumi, Akira [Department of Materials Engineering, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

56

GE PowerPoint Template  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Steels for Steels for Accident Tolera nt Fuel Cla ddings Ferritic Ma rtensitic Alloys a s Accident Tolera nt Fuel (ATF) Cla dding Ma teria l for Light Wa ter Rea ctors Ra ul B. Reba k, GE Globa l Resea rch DOE Integra tion Meeting, Sa lt La ke City 27-August-2013 DE NE 568 2 / GE Reba k - DOE Integra tion Meeting, Sa lt La ke City, 27-August-2013/ GE Project Tea m 3 / GE Reba k - DOE Integra tion Meeting, Sa lt La ke City, 27-August-2013/ Approa ch of GE Resea rch Proposa l * Demonstra te tha t sta inless iron ba sed bulk a lloys or Adva nced Steels ca n be used a s fuel cla dding ma teria ls in commercia l nuclea r rea ctors * The proposed ma teria l should be a s good a s Zr a lloys (or better tha n Zr a lloys) under norma l opera tion conditions 1. Resista nt to genera l corrosion a nd environmenta l cra

57

GE Teams with NY College to Pilot SOFC Technology |GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hudson Valley Community College to Pilot GE Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Hudson Valley Community College to Pilot GE Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology GE - Fuel Cells to install...

58

Cs4(In0.27Ge0.73)15Ge8  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It contains the standardized crystallographic data set of Cs8In8Ge38 representing the structure type Cs4(In0.27Ge0.73)15Ge8.

P. Villars; K. Cenzual; J. Daams…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Ba6(In0.36Ge0.64)11Ge14  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It contains the standardized crystallographic data set of Ba6In4Ge21 representing the structure type Ba6(In0.36Ge0.64)11Ge14.

P. Villars; K. Cenzual; J. Daams…

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GE to GE to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partner: GE on AddThis.com... Goals & Accomplishments Partnerships National Clean Fleets Partnership National Parks Initiative Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Training Program Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Natural Gas Transit & School Bus Users Group Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum Hall of Fame Contacts National Clean Fleets Partner: GE

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

GE Energy Formerly GE Power Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GE Power Systems GE Power Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name GE Energy (Formerly GE Power Systems) Place Atlanta, Georgia Zip 30339 Sector Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product Atlanta-based supplier of power generation and energy delivery technologies in all areas of the energy industry including renewable resources such as water, wind, solar and alternative fuels. Coordinates 33.748315°, -84.391109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.748315,"lon":-84.391109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

62

Quality Assurance REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Quality Assurance Quality Assurance Qualification Standard DOE-STD-1150-2002 July 2012 Reference Guide The Functional Area Qualification Standard References Guides are developed to assist operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff in the acquisition of technical competence and qualification within the Technical Qualification Program. Please direct your questions or comments related to this document to the Office of Leadership and Career Management, Technical Qualification Program (TQP) Manager, Albuquerque Complex. This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ....................................................................................................................................... ii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iii

63

Hot Hole p-Ge Lasers and Masers for Spectroscopy of MultiQuantum-Well Heterostructures Ge/Ge1-xSix  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hot hole p-Ge masers and lasers operating in millimiter and ... of the tunable spectrometer with hote hole p-Ge emitter is demostrated by its application to ... multi-quantum-well (MQW) heterostructures (HS) Ge/Ge

V. V. Nikonorov; V. I. Gavrilenko…

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Ge-nanocluster formation in Ge-doped polysilicon films under oxidation and heat treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental investigation is conducted into the formation Ge nanoclusters by heat treatment of germanosilicate-glass... x Ge y O ...

A. A. Kovalevsky; A. S. Strogova; D. V. Plyakin

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Nonresident Alien Reference Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - Nonresident Alien Reference Guide #12;- 2 - Definition Nonresident Alien (NRA) is defined as any employee who is NOT a United States Citizen or a Permanent Resident (Resident Alien or Green Card status. These are NOT Immigration categories. United States Citizen Permanent Resident Alien Resident

Adali, Tulay

66

(Nonresident Alien) Reference Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - NRA (Nonresident Alien) Reference Guide #12;- 2 - UMBC'S OFFICES ASSISTING THE NONRESIDENT ALIEN (NRA) Office of International Education Administration Building 2nd floor Arlene Wergin Ext: 5 - Definition Nonresident Alien (NRA) is defined as any employee who is NOT a United States Citizen

Adali, Tulay

67

Grant Reference Lead / Sole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rank Overall Score Grant Reference Lead / Sole Grant Grant Holder Research Organisation Project sediment-concentration and velocity data for submarine turbidity currents Standard Grant DEC12 1 9 NE-concentration and velocity data for submarine turbidity currents Standard Grant DEC12 2 8 NE/K015184/1 Y Alistair Pike

68

References: Elmasri/Navathe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2. Disks and the Bu#er Cache 2­1 Part 2: Disks and Caching References: . Elmasri Implementierung. . Mark Gurry , Peter Corrigan: Oracle Performance Tuning, 2nd Edition (with disk). . Oracle 8i.com/] . Wikipedia (RAID systems): [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redundant Array of Independent Disks] . The PC Guide

Brass, Stefan

69

Diesel engine reference book  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book is a reference on the design, operation, and maintenance of all types of diesel engines, ranging from the smallest automotive and ancillary engines to the largest marine diesels. Nearly 900 line drawings, graphs and photos illustrate the book. Major Sections: Theory; Engine Design Practice; Lubrication; Environmental Pollution; Crankcase Explosions; Engine Types; Engine Testing; Maintenance; Index.

Lilly, I.R.C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Technology "Relay Race" Against Cancer | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GE Scientists in Technology "Relay Race" Against Cancer GE Scientists in Technology "Relay Race" Against Cancer GE technologies being developed to impact every stage of cancer...

71

Crowdsourcing Software Award | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GE Unveils High-Tech Superhero, GENIUS MAN MunichinteriorV 10 Years ON: From the Lab to the Real World in 10 Years 2-1-10-v-working-at-ge-research The Dirt on the Cleanroom...

72

Work and Life Balance | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Achieving worklife balance is a much-talked-about topic. According to GE Healthcare's Kelly Piacsek, "GE hires people for what's inside their head-what they know-and the specific...

73

Hauptbewässerungs(ge)rinne f, (n)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hauptbewässerungs(ge)rinne f, (n) ? supply (irrigation) channel [The main channel supplying water to the irrigation area

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

NEWTON's Botany References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Botany References Botany References Do you have a great botany video? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Videos: AOL News AOL News - Botany Videos AOL news provides hundreds of botany videos from around the world. View informational and instructional videos as well as interviews about the latest botany topics and discoveries. NeoK12 Plant Videos NeoK12 - Every Plant Topic Imaginable Explore videos encompassing every category dealing with plants. Learn about photosynthesis, plant evolution, reproduction, and many more plant related videos. Fungus Image Fungi Videos BBC Nature provides informational videos about fugni and other organisms. Learn and explore a wide variety of topics concerning the fungus kingdom. Other Botany Videos: Botany Videos for Kids Look at various botany videos geared towards a younger audience.

75

OSH technical reference manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In an evaluation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Occupational Safety and Health programs for government-owned contractor-operated (GOCO) activities, the Department of Labor`s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recommended a technical information exchange program. The intent was to share written safety and health programs, plans, training manuals, and materials within the entire DOE community. The OSH Technical Reference (OTR) helps support the secretary`s response to the OSHA finding by providing a one-stop resource and referral for technical information that relates to safe operations and practice. It also serves as a technical information exchange tool to reference DOE-wide materials pertinent to specific safety topics and, with some modification, as a training aid. The OTR bridges the gap between general safety documents and very specific requirements documents. It is tailored to the DOE community and incorporates DOE field experience.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Spectrum of electron-hole states of the Si/Ge structure with Ge quantum dots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The lateral photoconductivity spectra of Si/Ge multilayer structures with Ge quantum dots of various sizes are investigated. We observed optical transition lines between the hole levels of quantum dots and electronic states of Si. This enabled us to construct a detailed energy level diagram of the electron-hole spectrum of the Si/Ge structures. It is shown that the hole levels of Ge quantum dots are successfully described by the 'quantum box' model using the actual sizes of Ge islands. It I found that the position of the longwavelength photosensitivity boundary of Si/Ge structures with Ge quantum dots can be controlled by changing the growth parameters.

Talochkin, A. B., E-mail: tal@thermo.isp.nsc.ru; Chistokhin, I. B., E-mail: igor@thermo.isp.nsc.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

Headquarters Security Quick Reference Book  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This quick reference book provides an overview of Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters (HQ) security programs.

78

GE Appliances and Lighting Home Energy Solutions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

GE Appliances and Lighting GE Appliances and Lighting Home Energy Solutions Introduction to Devices with Brillion(tm) Technology Portfolio of Products 3 GE Appliances and Lighting All Rights Reserved Brillion(tm) Suite of Home Energy Solutions Nucleus(tm) Smart Meter Other Devices Internet IHD Other Devices PCT Non-Meter Solution GE DRMS GEA Server 4 GE Appliances and Lighting All Rights Reserved Nucleus(tm) energy manager with Brillion(tm) technology Consumers can reduce electric usage by an average of 5% per year. 5 GE Appliances and Lighting All Rights Reserved GE Profile Appliances enabled with Brillion(tm) technology Delayed defrost during peak Delayed starts and temperature adjustments during peak Delayed start until off- peak Reduced energy usage 60%, DR- enabled Reduced wattage during peak When coupled with the Nucleus and a TOU

79

Reference Handbook: Pressure detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this handbook is to provide Rocky Flats personnel with the information necessary to understand pressure detection. Upon completion of this handbook you should be able to do the following: Define pressure in terms of force and area. Describe the basic operating principles of the U-Tube Manometer. Demonstrate proper techniques for reading Manometers. Describe the basic operating principles of the three types of Bourdon Tubes. Explain the difference between diaphragm. and bellows-type pressure measurement devices. This handbook is designed for use by experienced Rocky Flats operators to reinforce and improve their current knowledge level, and by entry-level operators to ensure that they possess a minimum level of fundamental knowledge. Pressure Detectors is applicable to many job classifications and can be used as a reference for classroom work or for self-study. Although this reference handbook is by no means all-encompassing, you will gain enough information about this subject area to assist you in contributing to the safe operations of Rocky Flats Plant.

Not Available

1990-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

80

Energy and American Society : a Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American Society: A Reference Handbook By E. Willard MillerSOCIETY: A REFERENCE HANDBOOK (Contemporary World IssuesSOCIETY: A REFERENCE HANDBOOK is an important reference work

Li, Haipeng

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Technical Reference OVERVIEW  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Page 1 Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Page 1 Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Technical Reference OVERVIEW The ENERGY STAR score provides a fair assessment of the energy performance of a property relative to its peers, taking into account the climate, weather, and business activities at the property. Parking areas are not eligible to earn the ENERGY STAR score. However, because parking is a common amenity at other commercial building types (i.e., office and hotels), the ENERGY STAR score does make adjustments to accommodate for the presence of parking.

82

Nuclear Science References Database  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

B. Pritychenko; E. B?ták; B. Singh; J. Totans

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

83

Tank characterization reference guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Characterization of the Hanford Site high-level waste storage tanks supports safety issue resolution; operations and maintenance requirements; and retrieval, pretreatment, vitrification, and disposal technology development. Technical, historical, and programmatic information about the waste tanks is often scattered among many sources, if it is documented at all. This Tank Characterization Reference Guide, therefore, serves as a common location for much of the generic tank information that is otherwise contained in many documents. The report is intended to be an introduction to the issues and history surrounding the generation, storage, and management of the liquid process wastes, and a presentation of the sampling, analysis, and modeling activities that support the current waste characterization. This report should provide a basis upon which those unfamiliar with the Hanford Site tank farms can start their research.

De Lorenzo, D.S.; DiCenso, A.T.; Hiller, D.B.; Johnson, K.W.; Rutherford, J.H.; Smith, D.J. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Kennewick, WA (United States); Simpson, B.C. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Long life reference electrode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An external, reference electrode is provided for long term use with a high temperature, high pressure system. The electrode is arranged in a vertical, electrically insulative tube with an upper portion serving as an electrolyte reservoir and a lower portion in electrolytic communication with the system to be monitored. The lower end portion includes a flow restriction such as a porous plug to limit the electrolyte release into the system. A piston equalized to the system pressure is fitted into the upper portion of the tube to impart a small incremental pressure to the electrolyte. The piston is selected of suitable size and weight to cause only a slight flow of electrolyte through the porous plug into the high pressure system. This prevents contamination of the electrolyte but is of such small flow rate that operating intervals of a month or more can be achieved. 2 figs.

Yonco, R.M.; Nagy, Z.

1987-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

85

Photoconductivity of Si/Ge multilayer structures with Ge quantum dots pseudomorphic to the Si matrix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Longitudinal photoconductivity spectra of Si/Ge multilayer structures with Ge quantum dots grown pseudomorphically to the Si matrix are studied. Lines of optical transitions between hole levels of quantum dots and Si electronic states are observed. This allowed us to construct a detailed energy-level diagram of electron-hole levels of the structure. It is shown that hole levels of pseudomorphic Ge quantum dots are well described by the simplest 'quantum box' model using actual sizes of Ge islands. The possibility of controlling the position of the long-wavelength photosensitivity edge by varying the growth parameters of Si/Ge structures with Ge quantum dots is determined.

Talochkin, A. B., E-mail: tal@thermo.isp.nsc.ru; Chistokhin, I. B. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

ENRAF gauge reference level calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the method for calculating reference levels for Enraf Series 854 Level Detectors as installed in the tank farms. The reference level calculation for each installed level gauge is contained herein.

Huber, J.H., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

87

Ge atom distribution in buried dome islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser-assisted atom probe tomography microscopy is used to provide direct and quantitative compositional measurements of tri-dimensional Ge distribution in Ge dome islands buried by Si. Sub-nanometer spatial resolution 3D imaging shows that islands keep their facets after deposition of the Si cap, and that the island/substrate/Si cap interfaces are abrupt. The core of the domes contains 55% of Ge, while the island shell exhibits a constant composition of 15% of Ge. The {l_brace}113{r_brace} facets of the islands present a Ge enrichment up to 35%. The wetting layer composition is not homogeneous, varying from 9.5% to 30% of Ge.

Portavoce, A.; Berbezier, I.; Ronda, A.; Mangelinck, D. [CNRS, IM2NP, Case 142, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20 (France); Hoummada, K. [Aix-Marseille Universite, IM2NP, Case 142, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20 (France)

2012-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

88

LAI References and Summaries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball No JAVASCRIPT Capabilities. This site will not function without JavaScript. Please use the Web Product Tree. or anonymous FTP at ftp://daac.ornl.gov/data. Global Leaf Area Index Data from Field Measurements, 1932-2000 References and summaries for literature on leaf area index (reviews, methodology, etc.) Barclay, H. J. (1998) Conversion of total leaf area to projcted leaf area in lodgepole pine and Douglas-fir. Tree PHysiology 18, 185-193. Summary It is noted that three distinct definitions of leaf area index (LAI) in the literature have no predictable relationship with each other. Conversion factors were derived, from total LAI to projected LAI of horizontal leaves and to projected LAI for inclined leaves of lodgepole pine and coastal Douglas-fir, enabling comparison of results from different studies. An algorithm was derived to allow determination of these factors based on twig angles and the angles that the foliage subtends with the twig. The conversion factor was more sensitive to differences in vertical angles of the twigs than to twig rotation or foliar arrangement on the twig.

89

Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Buildings Technologies Office (BTO), within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), is initiating a new program in Sensor and Controls. The vision of this program is: • Buildings operating automatically and continuously at peak energy efficiency over their lifetimes and interoperating effectively with the electric power grid. • Buildings that are self-configuring, self-commissioning, self-learning, self-diagnosing, self-healing, and self-transacting to enable continuous peak performance. • Lower overall building operating costs and higher asset valuation. The overarching goal is to capture 30% energy savings by enhanced management of energy consuming assets and systems through development of cost-effective sensors and controls. One step in achieving this vision is the publication of this Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide. The purpose of the guide is to inform building owners and operators of the current status, capabilities, and limitations of sensor technologies. It is hoped that this guide will aid in the design and procurement process and result in successful implementation of building sensor and control systems. DOE will also use this guide to identify research priorities, develop future specifications for potential market adoption, and provide market clarity through unbiased information

Cree, Johnathan V.; Dansu, A.; Fuhr, P.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; McIntyre, T.; Muehleisen, Ralph T.; Starke, M.; Banerjee, Pranab; Kuruganti, T.; Castello, C.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

membrane-ge | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High-Performance Thin Film Composite Hollow Fiber Membranes for Post-Combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Project No.: DE-FE0007514 GE Global Research is developing high...

91

Robotic Wind Turbine Inspection | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Trials GE Global Research is advancing technology that will make the inspection of wind turbines faster and more reliable for customers. Currently, an inspector examines the...

92

Advanced Propulsion Systems | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

primusenginefeaturedimage3 GE Innovation and Manufacturing in Europe 2-7-7-v-laser-additive-manufacturing Revolutionizing the Age-Old Rules of Manufacturing ...

93

One Young World Summit |GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

photo of Valentina Bisio. About the Author Valentina Bisio EEDP Graduate GE O&G - Turbomachinery Solutions Valentina is an EEDP graduate. She completed job rotations in TMS...

94

Nanoscale Material Properties | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology Drives New Levels of Performance Nanotechnology Drives New Levels of Performance GE scientists are discovering new material properties at the nanoscale that drive...

95

Happy Pi Day! | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is an area where GE researchers are intensifying their efforts. 3-D printing, an area of additive manufacturing, is providing new manufacturing freedom that was not possible with...

96

Patricia C. Irwin | Inventors | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

50 years as they seem now." -Patricia Irwin Creating a nonradioactive tracer for use in nuclear turbine testing. Re-establishing the dielectrics team to support GE businesses....

97

Ge/SiGe quantum well devices for light modulation, detection, and emission.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This PhD thesis is devoted to study electro-optic properties of Gemanium/Silicon-Germanium (Ge/SiGe) multiple quantum wells (MQWs) for light modulation, detection, and emission on Si platform.… (more)

Chaisakul, Papichaya

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Ge–Si–O phase separation and Ge nanocrystal growth in  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ge:SiOx/SiO2 multilayers are fabricated using a new reactive dc magnetron sputtering approach. The influence of the multilayer stoichiometry on the ternary Ge–Si–O phase separation and the subsequent size-controlled Ge nanocrystal formation is explored by means of x-ray absorption spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy. The ternary system Ge–Si–O reveals complete Ge–O phase separation at 400?°C which does not differ significantly to the binary Ge–O system. Ge nanocrystals of 2 is present after annealing. Thus, the Ge nanocrystals become completely embedded in a stoichiometric silica matrix favouring the use for photovoltaic applications.

Manuel Zschintzsch; Christoph J Sahle; Johannes von Borany; Christian Sternemann; Arndt Mücklich; Alexander Nyrow; Alexander Schwamberger; Metin Tolan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Hot Hole Effects in Strained Mqw Heterostructures Ge/Ge1?xSix  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper deals with the first investigations of the 2D hot hole effects in multilayer heterostructures Ge/Ge1?xSix...aimed at the realization of dynamical heating and intraband population inversion of carriers i...

V. Ya. Aleshkin; A. A. Andronov; N. A. Bekin…

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Surface Properties and Collective Modes of Electron-Hole Droplets in Ge, Si and Strained Ge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The surface structure, surface energy, and dipole barrier are obtained for condensed electron-hole droplets in Ge, Si, and strained Ge at zero temperature. The surface tension is...

T. L. Reinecke; F. Crowne; S. C. Ying

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Capillary reference half-cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a reference half-cell electrode wherein intermingling of test fluid with reference fluid does not affect the performance of the reference half-cell over a long time. This intermingling reference half-cell may be used as a single or double junction submersible or surface reference electrode. The intermingling reference half-cell relies on a capillary tube having a first end open to reference fluid and a second end open to test fluid wherein the small diameter of the capillary tube limits free motion of fluid within the capillary to diffusion. The electrode is placed near the first end of the capillary in contact with the reference fluid. The method of operation of the present invention begins with filling the capillary tube with a reference solution. After closing the first end of the capillary, the capillary tube may be fully submerged or partially submerged with the second open end inserted into test fluid. Since the electrode is placed near the first end of the capillary, and since the test fluid may intermingle with the reference fluid through the second open end only by diffusion, this intermingling capillary reference half-cell provides a stable voltage potential for long time periods. 11 figs.

Hall, S.H.

1996-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

102

reference | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

98 98 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142235098 Varnish cache server reference Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 New Robust References! citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki wiki Check out the new Reference Form. Adding a reference object to OpenEI using this form is the most complete way to cite a reference. After providing the name of your reference, the form will ask for your document

103

GE Turbine Parts www.edisonmachine.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vehicle: Has the code for a hydrogen car been cracked? World-first working eukaryotic cell mad from get swanky with the Equus Bass770 Zenos reveals details of the E10 roadster The Toyota FCV fuel cellGE Turbine Parts www.edisonmachine.com New authentic GE and Westinghouse Turbine Parts Muscle cars

Chiao, Jung-Chih

104

Modeling of GE Appliances: Final Presentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the final in a series of three reports funded by U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE-OE) in collaboration with GE Appliances’ through a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to describe the potential of GE Appliances’ DR-enabled appliances to provide benefits to the utility grid.

Fuller, Jason C.; Vyakaranam, Bharat; Leistritz, Sean M.; Parker, Graham B.

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

105

Tips: References | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

References References Tips: References April 11, 2012 - 9:03am Addthis Tips: References The following resources were used to develop the Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home: Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Cool Roof Rating Council Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) DOE Building America DOE Building Technologies Program DOE Building Technologies Program, 2010 Buildings Energy Databook DOE Energy Information Administration Residential Energy Consumption Survey DOE/EPA Fuel Economy Guide DOE Federal Energy Management Program DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability ENERGY STAR® Green Roofs for Healthy Cities National Renewable Energy Laboratory

106

FAQS Reference Guide- Aviation Manager  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1164-2003 Chg 1, Aviation Safety Officer Functional Area Qualification Standard.

107

FAQS Reference Guide – Criticality Safety  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the April 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1173-2009, Criticality Safety Functional Area Qualification Standard.

108

FAQS Reference Guide- Chemical Processing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1176-2010, Chemical Processing Functional Area Qualification Standard.

109

FAQS Reference Guide – Emergency Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1177-2004, Emergency Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

110

FAQS Reference Guide – Industrial Hygiene  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the November 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1138-2007, Industrial Hygiene Functional Area Qualification Standard.

111

FAQS Reference Guide – Facility Representative  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the October 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1151-2010, Facility Representative Functional Area Qualification Standard.

112

Ris Energy Report 6 References Reference list for Chapter 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. European Commission. (2006). Action plan for energy efficiency: Real- ising the potential. Brussels. 2Risø Energy Report 6 References Reference list for Chapter 3 1. European Commission. (2007. Review Report FutuRES-E. Energy Economics group, university of Vienna. 5. European Commission. (2007

113

Growth and characterization of isotopically enriched {sup 70}Ge and {sup 74}Ge single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Isotopically enriched {sup 70}Ge and {sup 74}Ge single crystals were successfully gown by a newly developed vertical Bridgman method. The system allows us to reliably grow high purity Ge single crystals of approximately 1 cm{sup 3} volume. To our knowledge, we have grown the first {sup 70}Ge single crystal. The electrically active chemical impurity concentration for both crystals was found to be {approximately}2 {times} cm{sup {minus}3} which is two order of magnitude better that of {sup 74}Ge crystals previously grown by two different groups. Isotopic enrichment of the {sup 70}Ge and the {sup 74}Ge crystals is 96.3% and 96.8%, respectively. The residual chemical impurities present in both crystals were identified as phosphorus, copper, aluminum, and indium. A wide variety of experiments which take advantage of the isotopic purity of our crystals are discussed.

Itoh, K.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Growth and characterization of isotopically enriched [sup 70]Ge and [sup 74]Ge single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Isotopically enriched [sup 70]Ge and [sup 74]Ge single crystals were successfully gown by a newly developed vertical Bridgman method. The system allows us to reliably grow high purity Ge single crystals of approximately 1 cm[sup 3] volume. To our knowledge, we have grown the first [sup 70]Ge single crystal. The electrically active chemical impurity concentration for both crystals was found to be [approximately]2 [times] cm[sup [minus]3] which is two order of magnitude better that of [sup 74]Ge crystals previously grown by two different groups. Isotopic enrichment of the [sup 70]Ge and the [sup 74]Ge crystals is 96.3% and 96.8%, respectively. The residual chemical impurities present in both crystals were identified as phosphorus, copper, aluminum, and indium. A wide variety of experiments which take advantage of the isotopic purity of our crystals are discussed.

Itoh, K.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Pseudomorphic GeSn/Ge(001) quantum wells: Examining indirect band gap bowing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of the bandgap character of compressively strained GeSn{sub 0.060-0.091}/Ge(001) quantum wells grown by molecular beam epitaxy is reported. The built-in strain in GeSn wells leads to an increased separation between L and {Gamma} conduction band minima. The prevalent indirect interband transitions in GeSn were probed by photoluminescence spectroscopy. As a result we could simulate the L-valley bowing parameter in GeSn alloys, b{sub L} = 0.80 {+-} 0.06 eV at 10 K. From this we conclude that even compressively strained GeSn/Ge(001) alloys could become direct band gap semiconductors at the Sn-fraction higher than 17.0 at. %.

Tonkikh, Alexander A. [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2 D-06120, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Institute for Physics of Microstructures RAS, GSP-105, Nizhniy Novgorod (Russian Federation); Eisenschmidt, Christian; Schmidt, Georg [Institute of Physics, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Von-Danckelmann-Platz 3 D-01620, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Talalaev, Vadim G. [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2 D-06120, Halle (Saale) (Germany); ZIK SiLi-Nano, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Karl-Freiherr-von-Fritsch-Str. 3 D-06120, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Zakharov, Nikolay D.; Werner, Peter [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2 D-06120, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Schilling, Joerg [ZIK SiLi-Nano, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Karl-Freiherr-von-Fritsch-Str. 3 D-06120, Halle (Saale) (Germany)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Ge-on-Si laser for silicon photonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ge-on-Si devices are explored for photonic integration. Importance of Ge in photonics has grown and through techniques developed in our group we demonstrated low density of dislocations (<1x109cm-2) and point defects Ge ...

Camacho-Aguilera, Rodolfo Ernesto

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Science as Art: Jet Engine Airflow | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

used heavily by GE Aviation, GE Power & Water, and GE Oil & Gas for the design of turbomachinery, e.g. jet engines, gas turbines, etc. I had the chance to talk with Brian to...

118

Understanding of interface structures and reaction mechanisms induced by Ge or GeO diffusion in Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ge structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reaction mechanisms at Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ge interfaces with thermal oxidation through the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer have been investigated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals that an Al{sub 6}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 13} layer is formed near the interface, and a GeO{sub 2} layer is formed on the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} surface, suggesting Ge or GeO diffusion from the Ge surface. It is also clarified that the Al{sub 6}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 13} layer is formed by the different mechanism with a small activation energy of 0.2 eV, compared with the GeO{sub 2} formation limited by oxygen diffusion. Formation of Al-O-Ge bonds due to the AlGeO formation could lead appropriate interface structures with high interface qualities.

Shibayama, Shigehisa [Department of Crystalline Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan) [Department of Crystalline Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan); JSPS, 5-3-1 Kojimachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0083 (Japan); Kato, Kimihiko; Sakashita, Mitsuo; Takeuchi, Wakana; Taoka, Noriyuki; Nakatsuka, Osamu; Zaima, Shigeaki [Department of Crystalline Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan)] [Department of Crystalline Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan)

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

119

Archived Reference Building Type: Hospital  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

120

Archived Reference Building Type: Hospital  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Archived Reference Building Type: Warehouse  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

122

Archived Reference Building Type: Warehouse  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

123

NPS Quick Reference Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference GuideLegal Abstract NPS Quick Reference Guide, current through August 13, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2014 Legal Citation NPS Quick Reference Guide...

124

reference case | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

reference case reference case Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 1, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses quadrillion BTUs, and quantifies the energy prices using U.S. dollars. The data is broken down into total production, imports, exports, consumption, and prices for energy types. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO consumption EIA export import production reference case total energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary - Reference Case (xls, 112.8 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

125

Engineer Receives UMass "Salute To Service" Award | GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GE Engineer Honored by Alma Mater With Prestigious UMass "Salute To Service" Award GE Engineer Honored by Alma Mater With Prestigious UMass "Salute To Service" Award Dr. Marshall...

126

Energy band alignment of atomic layer deposited HfO{sub 2} oxide film on epitaxial (100)Ge, (110)Ge, and (111)Ge layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystallographically oriented epitaxial Ge layers were grown on (100), (110), and (111)A GaAs substrates by in situ growth process using two separate molecular beam epitaxy chambers. The band alignment properties of atomic layer hafnium oxide (HfO{sub 2}) film deposited on crystallographically oriented epitaxial Ge were investigated using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Valence band offset, {Delta}E{sub v} values of HfO{sub 2} relative to (100)Ge, (110)Ge, and (111)Ge orientations were 2.8 eV, 2.28 eV, and 2.5 eV, respectively. Using XPS data, variation in valence band offset, {Delta}E{sub V}(100)Ge>{Delta}E{sub V}(111)Ge>{Delta}E{sub V}(110)Ge, was obtained related to Ge orientation. Also, the conduction band offset, {Delta}E{sub c} relation, {Delta}E{sub c}(110)Ge>{Delta}E{sub c}(111)Ge>{Delta}E{sub c}(100)Ge related to Ge orientations was obtained using the measured bandgap of HfO{sub 2} on each orientation and with the Ge bandgap of 0.67 eV. These band offset parameters for carrier confinement would offer an important guidance to design Ge-based p- and n-channel metal-oxide field-effect transistor for low-power application.

Hudait, Mantu K.; Zhu Yan [Advanced Devices and Sustainable Energy Laboratory (ADSEL), Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

127

Das Mischungsverhalten von Nb3Sn mit Mo3Si, Mo3Ge und Nb3Ge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mittels homogenisierter Sinter-und Schmelzproben wird die Bildung von lückenlosen Mischreihen zwischen Nb3Sn mit Mo3Si, Mo3Ge und Nb3Ge nachgewiesen.

H. Holleck; F. Benesovsky; H. Nowotny

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Modeling of 10 GeV-1 TeV laser-plasma accelerators using Lorentz boosted simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling of 10 GeV-1 TeV laser-plasma accelerators using Lorentz boosted simulations J.-L. Vay,1,a-plasma wakefield accelerators in an optimal frame of reference [J.-L. Vay, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 130405 (2007 of plasma accelerators to very high energies and accurately models the laser evolution and the accelerated

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

129

GE_Order_and_Compromise_Agreement.pdf  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

GE Appliances, a Division of GE Appliances, a Division of General Electric Company, Respondent ) ) ) ) ) ) ORDER By the General Counsel, U.S. Department of Energy: Case Number: 2012-SE-1403 1. In this Order, I adopt the attached Compromise Agreement entered into between the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") and GE Appliances, a Division of General Electric Company ("Respondent"). The Compromise Agreement resolves the case initiated after DOE was informed, based on test results made available as a result of verification testing by the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers ("AHAM"), that aGE refrigerator basic model may not meet the energy conservation standard set forth in 10 C.F.R. § 430.32(a). 2. DOE and Respondent have negotiated the terms of the Compromise Agreement that

130

12 GeV Upgrade | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages

Science Science A Schematic of the 12 GeV Upgrade The 12 GeV Upgrade will greatly expand the research capabilities of Jefferson Lab, adding a fourth experimental hall, upgrading existing halls and doubling the power of the lab's accelerator. A D D I T I O N A L L I N K S: 12 GeV Home Public Interest Scientific Opportunities Hall D Status Updates Contacts Three-Year Accelerator Schedule 2014 - 2016 top-right bottom-left-corner bottom-right-corner 12 GeV Upgrade Physicists at Jefferson Lab are trying to find answers to some of nature's most perplexing questions about the universe by exploring the nucleus of the atom. Their goal is to answer such questions as: "What is the universe made of?" and "What holds everyday matter together?" In their search for answers, physicists smash electrons into atoms using

131

Working in the Cleanroom | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Dirt on the Cleanroom The Dirt on the Cleanroom In this short video, take a look inside the GE Global Research cleanroom and meet the team working in this 28,000-square-foot...

132

Metal MEMS Devices | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MEMS: Inside the Global Research Cleanroom MEMS: Inside the Global Research Cleanroom This follow-up to our introduction to MEMS takes you inside the GE Global Research cleanroom...

133

Adam Rasheed | Inventors | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A GE-NASA effort that developed the world's first and largest multi-tube pulse detonation engine that fires into a large-scale turbine-along with its deafening whine and...

134

Air Traffic Operations | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Manufacturing in Europe LucasMaltaairplaneV Green Skies of Brazil 2-7-7-v-laser-additive-manufacturing Revolutionizing the Age-Old Rules of Manufacturing 3-4-4-v GE...

135

MEXICO: GE Lets Mexicans Buy In  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

MEXICO: GE Lets Mexicans Buy In ... General Electric de Mexico, the country's biggest manufacturer of electrical products, had been one of the major Mexican firms still wholly owned by a foreign parent. ...

1968-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

Andrew Gorton | Inventors | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"My goal is to make the world a better place by reducing the amount of water used during hydraulic fracturing, as well as continue to make GE products quieter, thereby reducing...

137

GE's Christine Furstoss Named to NACIE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

companies like GE will need workers with new and advanced skills in areas like 3D printing and virtual design. It's all about growing a new generation of workforce skills,...

138

Jie Shen | Inventors | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GE Power Conversion in developing the novel medium-voltage drive MV6 series, from NTI (new technology introduction) to NPI (new product introduction) to product release and to...

139

Mess(ge)rinne f, (n)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mess(ge)rinne f, (n), Messkanal m ? flume, sluice, measuring flume, measuring sluice, meter flume, measurement flume, launder, measurement sluice, meter sluice [A channel in which water i...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Technical Reference | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Reference Dataset Summary Description Technical Reference for Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials Source Sandia National Laboratories Date Released June 03rd, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated September 27th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords Compatibility of Materials hydrogen NREL Sandia Technical Database Technical Reference Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_cia85_ten_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 60.9 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san10_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 58.5 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san10b_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 59.4 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san11_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 48.4 KiB)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

NETL: Carbon Storage - Reference Shelf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage Reference Shelf Below are links to Carbon Storage Program documents and reference materials. Each of the 10 categories has a variety of documents posted for easy access to current information - just click on the category link to view all related materials. RSS Icon Subscribe to the Carbon Storage RSS Feed. Carbon Storage Collage 2012 Carbon Utilization and Storage Atlas IV Carbon Sequestration Project Portfolio DOE/NETL Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage RD&D Roadmap Public Outreach and Education for Carbon Storage Projects Carbon Storage Technology Program Plan Carbon Storage Newsletter Archive Impact of the Marcellus Shale Gas Play on Current and Future CCS Activities Site Screening, Selection, and Initial Characterization for Storage of CO2 in Deep Geologic Formations Carbon Storage Systems and Well Management Activities Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting of CO2 Stored in Deep Geologic Formations

142

FAQS Reference Guide –Radiation Protection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the December 2003 edition of DOE-STD-1174-2003, Radiation Protection Functional Area Qualification Standard.

143

Appendix A. Reference case projections  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

U.S. Energy Information Administration | International Energy Outlook 2014 26 Appendix A Table A2. World liquids consumption by region, Reference case, 2009-40 (million barrels per...

144

FAQS Reference Guide – Occupational Safety  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the July 2011 version of DOE-STD-1160-2011, Occupational Safety Functional Area Qualification Standard.

145

Tips: References | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tips: References Tips: References Tips: References April 11, 2012 - 9:03am Addthis Tips: References The following resources were used to develop the Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home: Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Cool Roof Rating Council Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) DOE Building America DOE Building Technologies Program DOE Building Technologies Program, 2010 Buildings Energy Databook DOE Energy Information Administration Residential Energy Consumption Survey DOE/EPA Fuel Economy Guide DOE Federal Energy Management Program DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability ENERGY STAR® Green Roofs for Healthy Cities National Renewable Energy Laboratory

146

FAQS Reference Guide – Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the April 2002 edition of DOE-Standard (STD)-1150-2002, Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

147

GE Scientists Source Best Ideas at hackMIT | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Manufacturing Platform DirectWriteV Building More Intelligent GE Products with Additive Manufacturing MEMSVertical Next-gen RF MEMS Switch for a Smarter, Faster...

148

GE partners with Matthew Dear to create "Drop Science" | GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to Create "Drop Science" GE Partners with Matthew Dear to Create "Drop Science" Every machine has its own acoustic signature - a precise frequency that indicates whether that...

149

GE Opens New Global R&D Center in Brazil - GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Center to focus on subsea oil and gas research, capitalizing on 1.2 trillion offshore market opportunity Site will include "Crotonville" GE leadership facility to help...

150

Safeguards and Security Program References  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes definitions for terms related to the Department of Energy Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program and includes lists of references and acronyms/abbreviations applicable to S&S Program directives. Cancels the Safeguards and Security Glossary of Terms, dated 12-18-95. Current Safeguards and Security Program References can also be found at Safeguards and Security Policy Information Resource (http://pir.pnl.gov/)

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

151

REFERENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 3. Turbulent diffusion and interactions with the surface Chapter 4. Subgrid-scale orographic drag Chapter 5. Convection Chapter 6. Clouds and large-scale precipitation

Chapter Overview; Chapter Radiation; Chapter Land Suface Parametrization; Chapter Climatological Data

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Anderson-Sprecher, R, Flatman, G. T. and...and Marriott, J. V. R. (1999) Radiocaesium...331-336. Brisbin, I. L., Jr., Staton, M. A...E. III and Geiger, R. A. (1974) Radiocesium...Designs for Research (R. McNally: Chicago, IL). Chappell......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......905-911. Dickinson H. C. Combustion calorimetry and the heats of combustion of cane sugar, benzoic...Contemporary Radiation Chemistry-Teply J., ed. (1971...149-155. Fay I. W. The Chemistry of Coal-Tar Dyes (1911) New......

References

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Shapiro D. E. Estimating the accuracy of screening...T. Mammography grid performance. Radiology...7:395-405. Smart C. R. , Hendrick...III, Smith R. A. Benefit of mammograpy screening...Radiol. 7, 395405. Smart, C. R., Hendrick...A. (1995). "Benefit of mammograpy screen......

References

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......T. Mammography grid performance. Radiology...7:395-405. Smart C. R. , Hendrick...III, Smith R. A. Benefit of mammograpy screening...J. Contrast and grid performance in mammography...Radiol. 7, 395405. Smart, C. R., Hendrick...A. (1995). "Benefit of mammograpy screen......

References

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

REFERENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Matri.x Iterative Analysis. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 322 pp. Watts, J.W., 1971. An Iterative Matrix Solution Method Suitable for Anisotropic Prob- lems.

2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

157

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for breast cancer...analysis," pp. 771798 in Handbook of Medical Imaging. Vol...Metz, C. E. (2000). "Fundamental ROC analysis," pp. 751770 in Handbook of Medical Imaging, Volume......

References

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......A. (2003) Spatial scales of 137Cs-derived soil flux by wind in a 25 km2 arable area of eastern England. Catena 52 , 209-234...strontium-90 accumulation in white-tailed deer mandibles, J. Wildlife Manage. 29 , 39-43. Scott, D. E., Whicker, F. W......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Impact of micro- and nano-grazers on phytoplankton assessed by standard and size-fractionated dilution grazing experiments. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 50: 145-156.

160

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Collisions-Dalgarno A., Freound R. S., Koch P. M., Lubell M. S., Lucatorto T. B., eds. (1990) AIP Conference...205, Dalgarno, A., Freound, R. S., Koch, P. M., Lubell, M. S. and Lucatorto, T. B. Eds. (American Institute......

REFERENCES

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......industrial radiation sterilization process control. Radiat. Phys. Chem...MOSFET dosimetry. Proc. Ann. Mtg. Health Physics Society (1988...Processing (Trans. First Int. Mtg Puerto Rico, 1976). 567-573...Ed. (1968). Fundamental Processes in Radiation Chemistry (Interscience......

References

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......239,240Pu in soils around the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site...Plutonium in Soil around the Rocky Flats Plant. HASL-235 (U.S. Atomic...appraisal of 241Am in soils around Rocky Flats, Colorado, Health Phys. 71......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Soil around the Rocky Flats Plant. HASL-235...Commission, Health and Safety Laboratory: New...in soils around Rocky Flats, Colorado, Health...plutonium particles in Rocky Flats soil, Health Phys...on Radiological Safety in the Marshall......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Characterization of interim reference shales  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements have been made on the chemical and physical properties of two oil shales designated as interim reference oil shales by the Department of Energy. One oil shale is a Green River Formation, Parachute Creek Member, Mahogany Zone Colorado oil shale from the Anvil Points mine and the other is a Clegg Creek Member, New Albany shale from Kentucky. Material balance Fischer assays, kerogen concentrates, carbon aromaticities, thermal properties, and bulk mineralogic properties have been determined for the oil shales. The measured properties of the interim reference shales are comparable to results obtained from previous studies on similar shales. The western interim reference shale has a low carbon aromaticity, high Fischer assay conversion to oil, and a dominant carbonate mineralogy. The eastern interim reference shale has a high carbon aromaticity, low Fischer assay conversion to oil, and a dominant silicate mineralogy. Chemical and physical properties, including ASTM distillations, have been determined for shale oils produced from the interim reference shales. The distillation data were used in conjunction with API correlations to calculate a large number of shale oil properties that are required for computer models such as ASPEN. The experimental determination of many of the shale oil properties was beyond the scope of this study. Therefore, direct comparison between calculated and measured values of many properties could not be made. However, molecular weights of the shale oils were measured. In this case, there was poor agreement between measured molecular weights and those calculated from API and other published correlations. 23 refs., 12 figs., 15 tabs.

Miknis, F.P.; Sullivan, S.; Mason, G.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Relaxation and recombination processes in Ge/SiGe multiple quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The carrier dynamics that occurs in Ge/SiGe QWs when electrons are excited to confined states at ? is studied by means of optical spectroscopy at different lattice temperatures. The typical times for the different relaxation and recombination processes are given and discussed.

Gatti, E., E-mail: gatti@mater.unimib.it; Giorgioni, A., E-mail: gatti@mater.unimib.it; Grilli, E., E-mail: gatti@mater.unimib.it; Guzzi, M., E-mail: gatti@mater.unimib.it [L-NESS and Università di Milano-Bicocca, Dip. di Scienza dei Materiali, via Cozzi 53, 20125 Milano (Italy); Chrastina, D.; Isella, G. [L-NESS and Politecnico di Milano, Dip. di Fisica, via Anzani 42, 22100 Como (Italy); Chernikov, A.; Kolata, K.; Bornwasser, V.; Köster, N. S.; Woscholski, R.; Chatterjee, S. [Faculty of Physics and Materials Sciences Center, Philipps-Universität, Renthof 5, 35032 Marburg (Germany)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

166

Document Number Q0029500 References  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

References References 7.0 References 10 CFR 1021. U.S. Department of Energy, "National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures," Code of Federal Regzilations, January 1,2003. 10 CFR 1022. U.S. Department of Energy, "Compliance with Floodplain/Wetlands Environmental Review Requirements," Code ofFederal Regulations, January 1,2003. 33 CFR 323. Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, "Permits for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Material Into Waters of the United States," Code ofFederal Reglllations, July 1,2002. 40 CFR 192. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings," Code of FederalReglrlations, July 1,2002. 40 CFR 230. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Section 404(b)(l) Guidelines for

167

Microsoft Word - references.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

References May 2005 References May 2005 2004 Site Environmental Report R-1 References Facemire, D. F., S. I. Guttman, D. R. Osborne, and R. H. Sperger, 1990, "Biological and Ecological Site Characterization of the Feed Materials Production Center," FMPC-SUB 018, prepared for Westinghouse Materials Co. of Ohio, Cincinnati, OH. GeoSyntec, 1996, "Impacted Material Placement Plan, On-site Disposal Facility," 20100-PL-007, Revision 3, PCN 2, Prepared for the Fernald Environmental Management Project, DOE, Fernald Area Office, Cincinnati, OH, March. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), 1994a, "Human Respiratory Tract Model for Radiation Protection," ICRP Publication 66. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), 1994b, "Protection Against Radon-222

168

Chassis Dynamometer Testing Reference Document  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chassis Dynamometer Testing Chassis Dynamometer Testing Reference Document Downloadable Dynamometer Database www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/ Argonne, IL July, 2013 Henning Lohse-Busch, Ph.D. Kevin Stutenberg, Mike Duoba, Eric Rask, Forrest Jehlik and Glenn Keller Advanced Powertrain Research Facility Overview  This is a reference document explaining the facility and processes used to generate the data available from Argonne National Laboratory's (ANL) Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D 3 ).  Content - Advanced Powertrain Research Facility (APRF) - Chassis Dynamometer Testing Basics - Overview of Classic Drive Cycles - Test Condition and Test Sequences - Data Acquisition System and General Instrumentation Overview

169

Kohlenstoffhaltige ternäre Verbindungen (V-Ge-C, Nb-Ga-C, Ta-Ga-C, Ta-Ge-C, Cr-Ga-C und Cr-Ge-C)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Die ternären Phasen V2GeC, Cr2GaC und Cr2GeC werden aus den Komponenten hergestellt und als H-Phasen identifiziert. Ferner dürften auch die H-Phasen Ti2GaC, und Ti2GeC existieren. In gleicher Weise hergestellte L...

W. Jeitschko; H. Nowotny; F. Benesovsky

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Influence of C on Ge incorporation in the growth of Ge-rich Ge1?x?ySixCy alloys on Si (100)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ge-rich Ge1?x?ySixCy...alloys have been grown on Si (100) substrates by plasma-enhanced rapid thermal chemical vapor deposition. It is found that there is a strong suppressive effect of C on the Ge composition an...

X.B. Liu; L. Zang; S.M. Zhu; X.M. Cheng; P. Han; Z.Y. Luo; Y.D. Zheng

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Modeling of 10 GeV-1 TeV laser-plasma accelerators using Lorentz booster simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modeling of laser-plasma wakefield accelerators in an optimal frame of reference [J.-L. Vay, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 130405 (2007)] allows direct and e#14;fficient full-scale modeling of deeply depleted and beam loaded laser-plasma stages of 10 GeV-1 TeV (parameters not computationally accessible otherwise). This verifies the scaling of plasma accelerators to very high energies and accurately models the laser evolution and the accelerated electron beam transverse dynamics and energy spread. Over 4, 5 and 6 orders of magnitude speedup is achieved for the modeling of 10 GeV, 100 GeV and 1 TeV class stages, respectively. Agreement at the percentage level is demonstrated between simulations using different frames of reference for a 0.1 GeV class stage. Obtaining these speedups and levels of accuracy was permitted by solutions for handling data input (in particular particle and laser beams injection) and output in a relativistically boosted frame of reference, as well as mitigation of a high-frequency instability that otherwise limits effectiveness.

Vay, J.-L.; Geddes, C.G.R.; Esarey, E.; Esarey, E.; Leemans, W.P.; Cormier-Michel, E.; Grote, D.P.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Polar Explorer References Raold Amundsen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-15, 2003, 1 h 19 min. * National Geographic May 2009, concerning claims of Arctic Ocean oil and gasPolar Explorer References Raold Amundsen My Life as an Explorer, Raold Amundsen The Red Tent.L. Berens [This book includes other historic polar explorers] * National Geographic Jan. 2009 (2 articles

Fabrikant, Sara Irina

173

REFERENCE AND BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REFERENCE AND BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS Workforce Planning | 408-924-2250 classcomp process. Workforce Planning will arrange this directly with the finalist(s) once the hiring manager has provided the finalist(s) name(s) to Workforce Planning. An exception to this process is for any candidates

Su, Xiao

174

Effective Scientific Posters Quick Reference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective Scientific Posters Quick Reference George R. Hess An effective poster will help you. A poster is a visual communication tool. Posters serve as ... » a source of information » a conversation starter » a summary of your work » an advertisement of your work Resources for Poster Presenters George

Movileanu, Liviu

175

New York–Presbyterian and GE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...originate. Our collaboration with GE Medical Systems is based on having access to business skills and cutting-edge equipment that, in our judgment, will benefit our patients and increase our ability to provide cost-effective, high-quality care. We purchase from GE only technology that the hospital deems... To the Editor: In his Perspective article, Dr. Garber (Oct. 14 issue)1 appropriately alerts us to the potential for conflicts of interest when an academic medical center forms a relationship with a business company. New York–Presbyterian Hospital is very ...

2005-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

176

Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reference Materials to Reference Materials to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on AddThis.com... Coordinator Basics Clean Cities Program Structure Reference Materials Technical Support Fundraising Redesignation Outreach Education & Webinars Meetings Reporting Contacts Clean Cities Reference Materials Use these reference materials-including quick-reference documents, publications, websites, and the Clean Cities Coalition Wiki-to develop

177

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Reference Commercial Reference Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score

178

DOE Commercial Reference Buildings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings DOE Commercial Reference Buildings DOE Commercial Reference Buildings refbldgseuitables1-47-0.pdf More Documents & Publications Energy Information Agency's 2003...

179

GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Place Wilmington, North Carolina Zip 28402 Sector Efficiency, Services Product GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy develops advanced light water reactors and offers products and services used by operators of boiling water reactor (BWR) nuclear power plants to improve efficiency and boost output. Coordinates 42.866922°, -72.868494° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.866922,"lon":-72.868494,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

180

Viscosity Measurement G.E. Leblanc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

30 Viscosity Measurement G.E. Leblanc McMaster University R.A. Secco The University of Western Ontario 30.1 Shear Viscosity ............................................................. 30-l Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids l Dimensions and Units of Viscosity l Viscometer Types l Capillary M. Kostic

Kostic, Milivoje M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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181

NETL: Reference Shelf - Techline Archive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf Archive Reports 2012: December, 2012 Final Project Report DE-NT0006554 GIS- and Web-based Water Resource Geospatial Infrastructure for Oil Shale Development [PDF-14.6MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 08121-2902-02 Technologies of the Future for Pipeline Monitoring and Inspection [PDF-2.47MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 07122-22 Petrophysical Studies of Unconventional Gas Reservoirs Using High-resolution Rock Imaging [PDF-27.7MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 08122-35 The Environmentally Friendly Drilling Systems Program [PDF-4.33] October, 2012 Final Project Report DE-FE0003537 Next Generation Surfactants for Improved Chemical Flooding Technology [PDF-1.91MB] October, 2012 Final Project Report 08123-02 Field Demonstration of Alkaline Surfactant Polymer Floods in Mature Oil Reservoirs Brookshire Dome, Texas [PDF-5.06MB]

182

The Consumption of Reference Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under the operational restriction of the U(1)-superselection rule, states that contain coherences between eigenstates of particle number constitute a resource. Such resources can be used to facilitate operations upon systems that otherwise cannot be performed. However, the process of doing this consumes reference resources. We show this explicitly for an example of a unitary operation that is forbidden by the U(1)-superselection rule.

G. A. White; J. A. Vaccaro; H. M. Wiseman

2008-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

183

International Energy Outlook - Chapter References  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Chapter References Chapter References International Energy Outlook 2004 Chapter References World Energy and Economic Outlook 1. D.F. Barnes et al., “Tackling the Rural Energy Problem in Developing Countries,” Finance & Development, Vol. 34, No. 2 (June 1997), pp. 11-15. 2. A. Kirby, “Russia’s Climate Tussle Spins On,” BBC News Online (December 4, 2003). 3. A.C. Revkin, “Into Thin Air: Kyoto Accord May Not Die (or Matter),” The New York Times (December 4, 2003), p. A6. 4. The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, “President Announces Clear Skies & Global Climate Change Initiatives” (Press Release, February 14, 2002), web site www.whitehouse.gov/news/ releases/2002/02/20020214-5.html. 5. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2004, DOE/EIA-0383(2004) (Washington, DC, January 2004); and Global Insight, Inc., World Overview (Lexington, MA, September 2003). India’s GDP growth rates were adjusted downward, based on the judgment of EIA analysts.

184

Microgrid cyber security reference architecture.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes a microgrid cyber security reference architecture. First, we present a high-level concept of operations for a microgrid, including operational modes, necessary power actors, and the communication protocols typically employed. We then describe our motivation for designing a secure microgrid; in particular, we provide general network and industrial control system (ICS)-speci c vulnerabilities, a threat model, information assurance compliance concerns, and design criteria for a microgrid control system network. Our design approach addresses these concerns by segmenting the microgrid control system network into enclaves, grouping enclaves into functional domains, and describing actor communication using data exchange attributes. We describe cyber actors that can help mitigate potential vulnerabilities, in addition to performance bene ts and vulnerability mitigation that may be realized using this reference architecture. To illustrate our design approach, we present a notional a microgrid control system network implementation, including types of communica- tion occurring on that network, example data exchange attributes for actors in the network, an example of how the network can be segmented to create enclaves and functional domains, and how cyber actors can be used to enforce network segmentation and provide the neces- sary level of security. Finally, we describe areas of focus for the further development of the reference architecture.

Veitch, Cynthia K.; Henry, Jordan M.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Hart, Derek H.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GE CORPORATE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (GE-CRD)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CORPORATE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (GE-CRD) CORPORATE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (GE-CRD) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC07- 96ID13406; W(A)-96-004; CH-0894 The Petitioner, GE Corporate Research & Development (GE-CRD) has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above referenced cooperative agreement entitled "Electric Vehicle Program - Ultracapacitor/Battery Electronic Interface Project." The objective of the cooperative agreement is to develop prototype electronic interface hardware to verify the design of the power electronics and basic control strategy for an advanced electric vehicle drive line that uses ultracapacitors to load level the main storage battery. The

186

Defect luminescence in films containing Ge and GeO{sub 2} nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Amorphous SiO{sub x} alloys containing Ge or GeO{sub 2} nanocrystals are produced by dc-magnetron sputtering and controlled crystallization. The samples are investigated by Raman scattering, transmission electron microscopy, photoluminescence and excitation spectroscopy. Under UV excitation, both types of films luminesce around 3.1 eV, with identical PL line shapes and subnanosecond PL dynamics. The strongest PL intensity is found for the films containing FeO{sub 2} crystals and for the largest nanocrystals. These results are a clear indication that although the blue luminescence is without a doubt correlated with the formation of Ge (or GeO{sub 2}) nanocrystals, it is not produced by the radiative recombination of excitons confined in the nanocrystals. Possible mechanisms for the luminescence are discussed, including defects at the nanocrystal/matric interface or in the matrix itself.

Zacharias, M.; Atherton, S.J.; Fauchet, P.M.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Silicon Carbides in the Cleanroom | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Clean Room: Silicon Carbides GE Global Research is working on nanoscale silicon carbide devices. Find out what we're doing. You Might Also Like 2-1-10-v-working-at-ge-resear...

188

The Majorana Ge-76 double-beta decay project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The MAJORANA Project is a research and development activity set up to establish the feasibility and cost of a doublebetadecay experiment comprising a one-ton array of Ge detectors fabricated from germanium enriched to about 86% in Ge-76.

Avignone, Frank Titus [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Conservation of bond lengths in strained Ge-Si layers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The combined techniques of x-ray-absorption fine structure and x-ray diffraction have been used to study the strain and bond distortions in epitaxial Ge-Si on Si(001). In a 31% Ge, 340-Å pseudomorphic Ge-Si film, the Ge-Ge and Ge-Si first-neighbor bond lengths have been found to be 2.44±0.02 and 2.38±0.02 Å, respectively. The lattice parameter perpendicular to the Ge-Si/Si(001) interface has been found to be a?=5.552±0.002 Å, in agreement with the predictions of macroscopic elastic theory. These results show that the bond-length strain in the epitaxial layer appears in the second and higher coordination shells, rather than in the nearest-neighbor bond lengths, which remain the same as in unstrained Ge-Si. A microscopic model is presented that accounts for these findings.

J. C. Woicik; C. E. Bouldin; M. I. Bell; J. O. Cross; D. J. Tweet; B. D. Swanson; T. M. Zhang; L. B. Sorensen; C. A. King; J. L. Hoyt; P. Pianetta; J. F. Gibbons

1991-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

Tailoring the spin polarization in Ge/SiGe multiple quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We performed spin-resolved photoluminescence measurements on Ge/SiGe multiple quantum wells with different well thickness and using different exciting power densities. The polarization of the direct emission strongly depends on the relative weight of electrons photoexcited from the light and the heavy hole subbands. The study of the polarization as a function of the exciting power highlights the role of the carrier-carrier interactions in determining spin depolarization.

Giorgioni, Anna; Pezzoli, Fabio; Gatti, Eleonora; Grilli, Emanuele; Guzzi, Mario [LNESS-Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, I-20125 Milano (Italy); Bottegoni, Federico; Cecchi, Stefano; Ciccacci, Franco; Isella, Giovanni [LNESS-Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Trivedi, Dhara; Song, Yang [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester (United States); Li, Pengki [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester (United States); Dery, Hanan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester (United States)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

191

Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page The below listing provides additional references related to Subsurface & Groundwater Remediation. The references are categorized by documents types (e.g., Strategic Plans, Groundwater Plume Map Booklets, etc.) and under each "document type", there is a list of documents and/or hyperlinks to a reference. The Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page will continue to reflect additional information as it is identified. Strategic Plans Scientific Opportunities to Reduce Risk in Groundwater and Soil Remediation Scientific Opportunities for Monitoring at Environmental Remediation Sites (SOMERS) Groundwater Plume Map Booklets Groundwater Contamination and Treatment at Department of Energy Sites -

192

New Robust References! | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New Robust References! New Robust References! Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki wiki Check out the new Reference Form. Adding a reference object to OpenEI using this form is the most complete way to cite a reference. After providing the name of your reference, the form will ask for your document type. Depending on what you choose, it will ask for the information necessary to build the proper MLA citation for the reference. This citation is then available semantically as a property of the reference and can be embedded in other pages! The Cite template was developed to help with this. You can site a reference by including {{Cite|Asimov's Story|I,_Robot}}, where I,_Robot

193

Monolithic Ge/Si Avalanche Photodiodes Yimin Kanga*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monolithic Ge/Si Avalanche Photodiodes Yimin Kanga* , Mike Morsea , Mario J. Panicciaa , Moshe, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA Abstract: We demonstrate mesa-type and waveguide-type Ge/Si avalanche photodiodes. Research on the Ge/Si photodiodes, one of the fundamental components needed for building integrated silicon

Bowers, John

194

Discussion on the Low Temperature Magnetothermal Conductivity in Lightly Doped Ge(Sb) and Ge(As)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some time ago we reported1) measurements of magnetothermal conductivity in n-type Ge in the temperature range 1.3?T?...1): For Ge(Sb) with the field Bll ...o, is negative, increases in magnitude approximatel...

Leif Halbo

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Ferromagnetic Mn5Ge3C0.8 contacts on Ge: work function and specific contact resistivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the study of the electrical and magnetic properties of Mn5Ge3C0.8 contacts deposited on highly doped n-Ge (1?0?0) as a potentially complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible material system for spin injection into Ge. Mn5Ge3C0.8 is a ferromagnet with a Curie temperature of 445 K and with a resistivity that is comparable to highly doped Ge. We extract the work function of Mn5Ge3C0.8 from metal–oxide–semiconductor capacitance measurements and obtain a specific contact resistivity rC = 5.0 ? cm2 from transmission-line measurements. We discuss possible origins of the large specific contact resistivity of Mn5Ge3C0.8 on Ge.

I A Fischer; J Gebauer; E Rolseth; P Winkel; L-T Chang; K L Wang; C Sürgers; J Schulze

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Reference electrode for electrolytic cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reference electrode device is provided for a high temperature electrolytic cell used to electrolytically recover uranium from spent reactor fuel dissolved in an anode pool, the device having a glass tube to enclose the electrode and electrolyte and serve as a conductive membrane with the cell electrolyte, and an outer metal tube about the glass tube to serve as a shield and basket for any glass sections broken by handling of the tube to prevent their contact with the anode pool, the metal tube having perforations to provide access between the bulk of the cell electrolyte and glass membrane. 4 figs.

Kessie, R.W.

1988-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

197

PVWatts Version 1 Technical Reference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NREL PVWatts(TM) calculator is a web application developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that estimates the electricity production of a grid-connected photovoltaic system based on a few simple inputs. PVWatts combines a number of sub-models to predict overall system performance, and makes several hidden assumptions about performance parameters. This technical reference details the individual sub-models, documents assumptions and hidden parameters, and explains the sequence of calculations that yield the final system performance estimation.

Dobos, A. P.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

GE Wind Energy Germany | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name GE Wind Energy Germany Place Salzbergen, Germany Zip 48499 Sector Wind energy Product Germany-based, division of GE Wind Energy wind turbine manufacturer and supplier. Coordinates 52.323136°, 7.347278° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":52.323136,"lon":7.347278,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

199

Stable, free-standing Ge nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Free-standing Ge nanocrystals that are stable under ambient conditions have been synthesized in a two-step process. First, nanocrystals with a mean diameter of 5 nm are grown in amorphous SiO{sub 2} by ion implantation followed by thermal annealing. The oxide matrix is then removed by selective etching in diluted HF to obtain free-standing nanocrystals on a Si wafer. After etching, nanocrystals are retained on the surface and the size distribution is not significantly altered. Free-standing nanocrystals are stable under ambient atmospheric conditions, suggesting formation of a self-limiting native oxide layer. For free-standing as opposed to embedded Ge nanocrystals, an additional amorphous-like contribution to the Raman spectrum is observed and is assigned to surface reconstruction-induced disordering of near-surface atoms.

Sharp, I.D.; Xu, Q.; Liao, C.Y.; Yi, D.O.; Beeman, J.W.; Liliental-Weber, Z.; Yu, K.M.; Zakharov, D.N.; Ager III, J.W.; Chrzan,D.C.; Haller, E.E.

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

200

Role of nucleation sites on the formation of nanoporous Ge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of nucleation sites on the formation of nanoporous Ge was investigated. Three Ge films with different spherical or columnar pore morphologies to act as inherent nucleation sites were sputtered on (001) Ge. Samples were implanted 90 Degree-Sign from incidence at 300 keV with fluences ranging from 3.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} to 3.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 16} Ge{sup +}/cm{sup 2}. Electron microscopy investigations revealed varying thresholds for nanoporous Ge formation and exhibited a stark difference in the evolution of the Ge layers based on the microstructure of the initial film. The results suggest that the presence of inherent nucleation sites significantly alters the onset and evolution of nanoporous Ge.

Yates, B. R.; Darby, B. L.; Jones, K. S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-6400 (United States); Elliman, R. G. [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia)

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

APPROACHING CRYOGENIC GE PERFORMANCE WITH PELTIER COOLED CDTE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new class of hand-held, portable spectrometers based on large area (lcm2) CdTe detectors of thickness up to 3mm has been demonstrated to produce energy resolution of between 0.3 and 0.5% FWHM at 662 keV. The system uses a charge loss correction circuit for improved efficiency, and detector temperature stabilization to ensure consistent operation of the detector during field measurements over a wide range of ambient temperature. The system can operate continuously for up to 8hrs on rechargeable batteries. The signal output from the charge loss corrector is compatible with most analog and digital spectroscopy amplifiers and multi channel analyzers. Using a detector measuring 11.2 by 9.1 by 2.13 mm3, we have recently been able to obtain the first wide-range plutonium gamma-ray isotopic analysis with other than a cryogenically cooled germanium spectrometer. The CdTe spectrometer is capable of measuring small plutonium reference samples in about one hour, covering the range from low to high burnup. The isotopic analysis software used to obtain these results was FRAM, Version 4 from LANL. The new spectrometer is expected to be useful for low-grade assay, as well as for some in-situ plutonium gamma-ray isotopics in lieu of cryogenically cooled Ge.

Khusainov, A. K. (A. Kh.); Iwanczyk, J. S. (Jan S.); Patt, B. E. (Bradley E.); Prirogov, A. M. (Alexandre M.); Vo, Duc T.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

NETL: Gasification Systems Reference Shelf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Shelf Shelf Gasification Systems Reference Shelf TABLE OF CONTENTS Brochures Conferences and Workshops Gasification Systems Projects National Map Gasification Systems Projects and Performers Gasification Systems Project Portfolio Gasifipedia Multi-phase Flow with Interphase eXchange (MFIX) Patents Program Presentations Project Information Projects Summary Table by State Solicitations Systems and Industry Analyses Studies Technical Presentations & Papers Technology Readiness Assessment (Comprehensive Report | Overview Report) Video, Images & Photos Gasification Plant Databases CD Icon Request Gasification Technologies Information on a CD. Gasification RSS Feed Subscribe to the Gasification RSS Feed to follow website updates. LinkedIn DOE Gasification Program Group Subscribe to the LinkedIn DOE Gasification Program group for more information and discussion.

203

Suppression of Ge-O And Ge-N Bonding at Ge-HfO(2) And Ge-TiO(2) Interfaces By Deposition Onto Plasma-Nitrided Passivated Ge Substrates: Integration Issues Ge Gate Stacks Into Advanced Devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of changes in nano-scale morphology of thin films of nano-crystalline transition metal (TM) elemental oxides, HfO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2}, on plasma-nitrided Ge(100) substrates, and Si(100) substrates with ultra-thin (-0.8 nm) plasma-nitrided Si suboxide, SiO{sub x}, x < 2, or SiON interfacial layers is presented. Near edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAS) has been used to determine nano-scale morphology of these films by Jahn-Teller distortion removal of band edge d-state degeneracies. These results identify a new and novel application for NEXAS based on the resonant character of the respective O K{sub 1} and N K{sub 1} edge absorptions. This paper also includes a brief discussion of the integration issues for the introduction of this Ge breakthrough into advanced semiconductor circuits and systems. This includes a comparison of nano-crystalline and non-crystalline dielectrics, as well as issues relative to metal gates.

Lee, S.; Long, J.P.; Lucovsky, G.; Whitten, J.; Seo, H.; Luning, J.

2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

204

National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture Consultation Draft Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture: Consultation Draft Environmental Information Contributing to the Australian Government National Plan for Environmental Information initiative #12;National

Greenslade, Diana

205

Functional Area Qualification Standard Reference Guides  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The reference guides have been developed to address the competency statements in DOE Functional Area Qualification Standard.

206

Appendix E References | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

E References | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing...

207

Generic Argillite/Shale Disposal Reference Case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of eastern Devonian gas shale: Society of PetroleumShale Disposal Reference Case August 2014 Borehole activity: Oil and gas

Zheng, Liange

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Interface and nanostructure evolution of cobalt germanides on Ge(001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cobalt germanide (Co{sub x}Ge{sub y}) is a candidate system for low resistance contact modules in future Ge devices in Si-based micro and nanoelectronics. In this paper, we present a detailed structural, morphological, and compositional study on Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} formation on Ge(001) at room temperature metal deposition and subsequent annealing. Scanning tunneling microscopy and low energy electron diffraction clearly demonstrate that room temperature deposition of approximately four monolayers of Co on Ge(001) results in the Volmer Weber growth mode, while subsequent thermal annealing leads to the formation of a Co-germanide continuous wetting layer which evolves gradually towards the growth of elongated Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} nanostructures. Two types of Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} nanostructures, namely, flattop- and ridge-type, were observed and a systematic study on their evolution as a function of temperature is presented. Additional transmission electron microscopy and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy measurements allowed us to monitor the reaction between Co and Ge in the formation process of the Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} continuous wetting layer as well as the Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} nanostructures.

Grzela, T., E-mail: grzela@ihp-microelectronics.com; Schubert, M. A. [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); Koczorowski, W. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London, WC1H 0AH,United Kingdom (United Kingdom); Institute of Physics, Poznan University of Technology, Nieszawska 13A, 60-965 Poznan (Poland); Capellini, G. [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); Dipartimento di Scienze, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, I-00146 Roma (Italy); Czajka, R. [Institute of Physics, Poznan University of Technology, Nieszawska 13A, 60-965 Poznan (Poland); Radny, M. W. [Institute of Physics, Poznan University of Technology, Nieszawska 13A, 60-965 Poznan (Poland); School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan NSW, 2308 (Australia); Curson, N.; Schofield, S. R. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London, WC1H 0AH,United Kingdom (United Kingdom); Schroeder, T. [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); BTU Cottbus, Konrad-Zuse Str. 1, 03046 Cottbus (Germany)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

209

Elimination of GeO(2) And Ge(3)N(4) Interfacial Transition Regions And Defects at N-Type Ge Interfaces: a Pathway for Formation of N-MOS Devices on Ge Substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The contribution from relatively low-K SiON interfacial transition regions (ITRs) between Si and transition metal (TM) gate dielectrics places a significant limitation on equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) scaling for Si complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) devices. This limitation is equally significant and limiting for Ge CMOS devices. Low-K Ge-based ITRs in Ge devices have also been shown to limit performance and reliability, particular for n-MOS field effect transistors. This article identifies the source of significant electron trapping at interfaces between n-Ge or inverted p-Ge, and Ge oxide, nitride and oxynitride ITRs. This is shown to be an interfacial band alignment issue in which native Ge ITRs have conduction band offset energies smaller than those of TM dielectrics, and trap electrons for negative Ge substrate bias. This article also describes a novel remote plasma processing approach for effectively eliminating any significant native Ge ITRs and using a plasma-processing/annealing process sequence for bonding TM gate dielectrics directly to the Ge substrate surface.

Lucovsky, G.; Lee, S.; Long, J.P.; Seo, H.; Luning, J.

2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

210

Reference site selection report for the advanced liquid metal reactor at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Reference Site Selection Report was prepared by EG G, Idaho Inc., for General Electric (GE) to provide information for use by the Department of Energy (DOE) in selecting a Safety Test Site for an Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor. Similar Evaluation studies are planned to be conducted at other potential DOE sites. The Power Reactor Innovative Small Module (PRISM) Concept was developed for ALMR by GE. A ALMR Safety Test is planned to be performed on a DOE site to demonstrate features and meet Nuclear Regulatory Commission Requirements. This study considered possible locations at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory that met the ALMR Prototype Site Selection Methodology and Criteria. Four sites were identified, after further evaluation one site was eliminated. Each of the remaining three sites satisfied the criteria and was graded. The results were relatively close. Thus concluding that the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory is a suitable location for an Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor Safety Test. 23 refs., 13 figs., 9 tabs.

Sivill, R.L.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Commercial Reference Buildings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Commercial Reference Buildings Jump to: navigation, search DOE developed Commercial Reference Buildings which provide descriptions for whole building analysis using EnergyPlus. There are 16 building types and three categories that apply to all building types. The commercial reference buildings were developed across 16 reference locations. Contents 1 Building Types 2 Construction Categories 3 Climate Zones Used to Create Reference Buildings 4 References Building Types DOE developed 16 Commercial Reference Building Types[1] , which represent approximately 70% of the commercial buildings in the U.S. [2]. Whole

212

Template:Reference | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Template Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Template:Reference Jump to: navigation, search This is the Reference template. To define/cite a new reference using CSE citation format, please use the Reference form. Parameters Name - The name or title of the reference material Document_type - The type of reference material (allowable values) InfographicType - The type of infographic if Info Grahpic/Map/Chart is the selected Document_type ThesisDissertation - Determines thesis or dissertation (Thesis/Dissertation) Authors - Comma delimited list of people who authored the reference material (required for Books, Conference Papers and Proceedings, Journal

213

Form:Reference | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Form Form Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Form:Reference Jump to: navigation, search Input the title of a Reference below. If the reference already exists, you will be able to edit its information. Add/Edit Reference The text entered into this field will be used as the name of the reference; for example, the title of a book or name of the journal article. Example references Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? An Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions In Variably Saturated Subsurface Flow Systems True-Temperature Determination Of Geothermal Reservoirs ... further results This form and reference requirements are based on the Council of Science Editors (CSE) (author-date) citation style. For more details about this

214

GE Uses DOE Advanced Light Sources to Develop Revolutionary Battery  

Office of Science (SC) Website

GE Uses DOE Advanced Light Sources to Develop GE Uses DOE Advanced Light Sources to Develop Revolutionary Battery Technology Discovery & Innovation Stories of Discovery & Innovation Brief Science Highlights SBIR/STTR Highlights Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 06.13.11 GE Uses DOE Advanced Light Sources to Develop Revolutionary Battery Technology Company is constructing a new battery factory in Upstate New York that is expected to create 300+ jobs. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo GE's new Image courtesy of GE GE's new "Durathon(tm)" sodium metal halide battery. The story of American manufacturing over the past two decades has too often been a tale of outsourcing, off-shoring, and downsizing-not least in

215

Über die Thalliumgermanate Tl2Ge4O9 und Tl2Ge6O13  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nach Dehydratation des Germanat-Zeoliths Tl3HGe7O16· · 4 H2O bildet sich bei 650°C das zu Me2Ge4O9 (Me=Na, K, Rb) isotype Thalliumtetragermanat. Durch Entwässerung bei 700°C entsteht aus dem Zeolith ein stabiles ...

Penelope Papamantellos; A. Wittmann

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

GE Wind Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Energy Wind Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name GE Wind Energy Place Atlanta, Georgia Zip GA 30339 Sector Wind energy Product GE's wind energy division, formed as a result of the purchase of almost all of Enron Wind Corporation's assets. Provides power plant design, engineering and site selection, as well as operation and maintenance. Coordinates 33.748315°, -84.391109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.748315,"lon":-84.391109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

217

Messungen derK-Konversionskoeffizienten und der Aktivierungsquerschnitte der isomeren Atomkerne Se77m , Se79m , Ge75m und Ge77m  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TheK-conversion coefficients ? K of the nuclear isomers Se77m , Se79m , Ge75m and Ge77m have been measured by d...

Hermann Weigmann

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Structural and phonon transmission study of Ge-Au-Ge eutectically bonded interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis presents a structural analysis and phonon transparency investigation of the Ge-Au-Ge eutectic bond interface. Interface development was intended to maximize the interfacial ballistic phonon transparency to enhance the detection of the dark matter candidate WIMPs. The process which was developed provides an interface which produces minimal stress, low amounts of impurities, and insures Ge lattice continuity through the interface. For initial Au thicknesses of greater than 1,000 {angstrom} Au per substrate side, eutectic epitaxial growth resulted in a Au dendritic structure with 95% cross sectional and 90% planar Au interfacial area coverages. In sections in which Ge bridged the interface, lattice continuity across the interface was apparent. Epitaxial solidification of the eutectic interface with initial Au thicknesses < 500 A per substrate side produced Au agglomerations thereby reducing the Au planar interfacial area coverage to as little as 30%. The mechanism for Au coalescence was attributed to lateral diffusion of Ge and Au in the liquid phase during solidification. Phonon transmission studies were performed on eutectic interfaces with initial Au thicknesses of 1,000 {angstrom}, 500 {angstrom}, and 300 {angstrom} per substrate side. Phonon imaging of eutectically bonded samples with initial Au thicknesses of 300 {angstrom}/side revealed reproducible interfacial percent phonon transmissions from 60% to 70%. Line scan phonon imaging verified the results. Phonon propagation TOF spectra distinctly showed the predominant phonon propagation mode was ballistic. This was substantiated by phonon focusing effects apparent in the phonon imaging data. The degree of interface transparency to phonons and resulting phonon propagation modes correlate with the structure of the interface following eutectic solidification. Structural studies of samples with initial Au thickness of 1,000 {angstrom}/side appear to correspond with the phonon transmission study.

Knowlton, W.B. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Materials Sciences Div.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Biofuel Research at Brazil Center of Excellence | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

do texto. Aproveitem. A misso do centro de excelncia de biocombustves da GE do Brasil aumentar a capacidade local de fornecer tecnologia na produo de biocombustves...

220

Meeting Energy Needs in Brazil |GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brazil Looking a Decade Ahead: Electrical Power Generation in Brazil Ricardo Hernandez Pereira 2014.11.03 In the Bioenergy Systems Organization at GE Global Research - Rio de...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

GE Technology to Help Canada Province Meet Growing Energy Needs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

funding and collaboration models at its European Global Research Center near Munich, Germany. Mark Little, GE's Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer, and thought...

222

Governor Cuomo, GE Announce Power Electronics Manufacturing Consortium  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Governor Cuomo Announces 100 Businesses Led by GE to Join 500 Million Partnership with State to Develop Next-Generation Power Electronics, Creating Thousands of Jobs in Capital...

223

Technology makes reds "pop" in LED displays | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Televisions Research breakthrough will vastly improve color and crispness of images on LED devices NISKAYUNA, NY, July, 24, 2014 - GE announced today a research breakthrough that...

224

Titan propels GE wind turbine research into new territory | ornl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Titan propels GE wind turbine research into new territory January 17, 2014 The amount of global electricity supplied by wind, the world's fastest growing energy source, is expected...

225

Heteroepitaxial Ge-on-Si by DC magnetron sputtering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth of Ge on Si(100) by DC Magnetron Sputtering at various temperatures is studied by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry and Transmission Electron Microscopy. Smooth heteroepitaxial Ge films are prepared at relatively low temperatures of 380°C. Typical Stransky-Krastanov growth is observed at 410°C. At lower temperatures (320°C), films are essentially amorphous with isolated nanocrystallites at the Si-Ge interface. A minor oxygen contamination at the interface, developing after ex-situ oxide removal, is not seen to hinder epitaxy. Compensation of dislocation-induced acceptors in Ge by sputtering from n-doped targets is proposed.

Steglich, Martin; Schrempel, Frank; Füchsel, Kevin; Kley, Ernst-Bernhard [Institute of Applied Physics, Abbe Center of Photonics, Friedrich Schiller University, Albert-Einstein-Straße 15, 07745 Jena (Germany)] [Institute of Applied Physics, Abbe Center of Photonics, Friedrich Schiller University, Albert-Einstein-Straße 15, 07745 Jena (Germany); Patzig, Christian; Berthold, Lutz; Höche, Thomas [Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM, Walter-Hülse-Straße 1, 06120 Halle (Germany)] [Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM, Walter-Hülse-Straße 1, 06120 Halle (Germany); Tünnermann, Andreas [Institute of Applied Physics, Abbe Center of Photonics, Friedrich Schiller University, Albert-Einstein-Straße 15, 07745 Jena (Germany) [Institute of Applied Physics, Abbe Center of Photonics, Friedrich Schiller University, Albert-Einstein-Straße 15, 07745 Jena (Germany); Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering IOF, Albert-Einstein-Str. 7, 07745 Jena (Germany)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Is the 130 GeV line real? A search for systematics in the Fermi-LAT data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our recent claims of a Galactic center feature in Fermi-LAT data at approximately 130 GeV have motivated a large number of papers proposing explanations ranging from dark matter annihilation to monoenergetic pulsar winds. Because of the importance of such interpretations for physics and astrophysics, a discovery will require not only additional data, but a thorough investigation of possible LAT systematics. While we do not have access to the details of each event reconstruction, we do have information about each event from the public event lists and spacecraft parameter files. These data allow us to search for suspicious trends that could indicate a spurious signal. We consider several hypotheses that might make an instrumental artifact more apparent at the Galactic center, and find them implausible. We also search for an instrumental signature in the Earth limb photons, which provide a smooth reference spectrum for null tests. We find no significant 130 GeV feature in the Earth limb sample. However, we do find a marginally significant 130 GeV feature in Earth limb photons with a limited range of detector incidence angles. This raises concerns about the 130 GeV Galactic center feature, even though we can think of no plausible model of instrumental behavior that connects the two. A modest amount of additional limb data would tell us if the limb feature is a statistical fluke. If the limb feature persists, it would raise doubts about the Pass 7 processing of E > 100 GeV events. At present we find no instrumental systematics that could plausibly explain the excess Galactic center emission at 130 GeV.

Finkbeiner, Douglas P.; Su, Meng [Institute for Theory and Computation, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-51, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Weniger, Christoph, E-mail: dfinkbeiner@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: mengsu@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: weniger@mpp.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Föhringer Ring 6, 80805 München (Germany)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Structural and optical properties of GaAs-based heterostructures with Ge and Ge/InGaAs quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GaAs-based heterostructures with Ge and Ge/InGaAs quantum wells are grown by laser-assisted sputtering. Structural and optical studies of the heterostructures are carried out. A broad photoluminescence line is observed in the wavelength range from 1300 to 1650 nm. The line corresponds to indirect transitions in the momentum space of the Ge quantum wells and to transitions between the In{sub 0.28}Ga{sub 0.72}As and Ge layers, indirect in coordinate space, but direct in momentum space.

Aleshkin, V. Ya.; Dubinov, A. A., E-mail: sanya@ipm.sci-nnov.ru; Drozdov, M. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Zvonkov, B. N. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Research Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Kudryavtsev, K. E.; Tonkikh, A. A.; Yablonskiy, A. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Werner, P. [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics (Germany)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Effect of Ge-composition on the Gain of a Thin Layer Si 1-y Ge y Avalanche Photodiode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gain calculation of Si 1-y Ge y n+-i-p+...avalanche photodiode (APD) is described for multiplication layer down to tens of nanometers c...

Kanishka Majumder; N. R. Das

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Commercial Reference Buildings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings » Research Projects » Commercial Reference Buildings » Research Projects » Commercial Reference Buildings Commercial Reference Buildings The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories, developed commercial reference buildings, formerly known as commercial building benchmark models. These reference buildings play a critical role in the program's energy modeling software research by providing complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. There are 16 building types that represent approximately 70% of the commercial buildings in the U.S., according to the report published by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory titled U.S. Department of Energy Commercial Reference Building Models of the National Building Stock. These

230

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 The files on this page contain commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. These U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reference buildings are complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis. You can also return to a summary of building types and climate zones and information about other building vintages. These files are updated regularly. There are two versions of these files on this page. Version 1.3_5.0 was updated September 27, 2010 and Version 1.4_7.2 was updated November 13, 2012. You can also view related resources: an archive of past reference buildings files

231

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emergency Emergency Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide JUNE 2009 Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS .................................................................................................................................. i PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

232

FACILITY MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Facility Facility Maintenance Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide NOVEMBER 2009 Table of Contents i FIGURES...................................................................................................................................... iv TABLES........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

233

ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Environmental Environmental Compliance Qualification Standard Reference Guide DECEMBER 2011 Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

234

ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Restoration Qualification Standard Reference Guide NOVEMBER 2009 i Table of Contents i FIGURES...................................................................................................................................... iv TABLES........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

235

CRITICALITY SAFETY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Criticality Criticality Safety Qualification Standard Reference Guide APRIL 2011 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1 PREFACE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ......................................................................................................... 2

236

FAQS Reference Guide – Safeguards and Security  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the May 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1171-2009, Safeguards and Security Functional Area Qualification Standard.

237

FAQS Reference Guide – Technical Program Manager  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1178-2004, Technical Program Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard.

238

FAQS Reference Guide – NNSA Package Certification Engineer  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1026-2009, NNSA Package Certification Engineer Functional Area Qualification Standard.

239

FAQS Reference Guide – General Technical Base  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the December 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1146-2007, General Technical Base Functional Area Qualification Standard.

240

FAQS Reference Guide – Facility Maintenance Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the April 2014 edition of DOE Standard DOE-STD-1181-2014, Facility Maintenance Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

FAQS Reference Guide – Transportation and Traffic Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the September 2002 edition of DOE-STD-1155-2002, Transportation and Traffic Functional Area Qualification Standard.

242

Recycling in America: A Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and academic libraries, the handbook presents a nontechnicalRecycling in America: A Reference Handbook Patricia Murphy Handbook (Contemporary World Issues

Murphy, Patricia

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

FAQS Reference Guide – Weapon Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the August 2008 edition of DOE-STD-1025-2008, Weapon Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

244

Sandia National Laboratories: Reference Model Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is a partnered effort to develop marine hydrokinetic (MHK) reference models (RMs) for wave energy converters and tidal, ocean, and river current energy converters. The RMP team...

245

MU(& Ge-+v,  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

fil fil MU(& Ge-+v, . !d R&arch & Development b This document consists of 6 Contract Ho. pages and - . --------------_____---. figures No.--~--of.--~~-_-copies, Series,&,, This subcontract entered into this 20 day 0fSepte~ber , 1943, by and between the University of Cliicago, a corporation not for pecuniary profit organized under the ICVS of the Stnto of Illinois, of Chicago, Illinois (hereinafter called "the Contractor") and Yiolverine Tube Divisionof Caluzet 2 Eecla Consolidated Co;-,er co, . a cor?orntion organized under the laws cf the State of l~lch~;an - of Detroit, I:ichigan --- (hersinnftcr called "the Subcontractoi"). WIEHEAS, tho Contractor has heretofore onterod into a contract v;ith the United States of America (rcprcse;!tcd by its dtlly designated

246

Charm photoproduction at 20 GeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sixty-two charm events have been observed in an exposure of the SLAC Hybrid Facility toa backward sacttered laser beam. Based on 22 neutral and 21 charged decays we have measured the charmed-meson lifetimes to be ?D0=(6.8-1.8+2.3)×10-13 sec, ?D±=(7.4-2.0+2.3)×10-13 sec and their ratio ?D±?D0=1.1-0.3+0.6. The inclusive charm cross section at a photon energy of 20 GeV has been measured to be 56-23+24 nb. Evidence is presented for a non-DD¯ component to charm production, consistent with (35±20)% ?c+ production and some D*± production. We have found no unambiguous F decays.

K. Abe et al. ((SLAC Hybrid Facility Photon Collaboration))

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Photoemission study of Si(111)-Ge(5×5) surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photoemission spectroscopy was used to study Si(111)-Ge(5×5) surfaces prepared by annealing Ge films deposited onto Si(111)-(7×7) substrates. The Si 2p core-level line shape was modified in going from (7×7) to (5×5) systems. By decomposing the spectra into bulk- and surface-shifted components the changes in line shape were identified as due to selective replacement of Si by Ge in different layers of the substrate, without any drastic change in the surface structure. The Ge 3d core-level line shape for the Si(111)-Ge(5×5) surface was also measured and compared with that for the Ge(111)-c(2×8) surface. These results are discussed in terms of models for the Si(111)-(7×7) structure. A surface state was observed on the Si(111)-Ge(5×5) surface, which gave rise to a metalliclike Fermi edge in the angle-integrated spectra; a similar surface state was observed on the Si(111)-(7×7) surface but not on the Ge(111)-c(2×8) surface.

T. Miller; T. C. Hsieh; T. -C. Chiang

1986-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

Vibrational dynamics in isotopically substituted vitreous GeO2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the polarized Raman spectra of vitreous Ge O216, Ge O218, Ge70O2, and Ge74O2. This yields the O16?O18 and Ge70?Ge74 isotopic shifts for nearly all vibrational modes of the pure glassy material. The shifts of the broad high-frequency (infrared-active) modes are as predicted by a nearest-neighbor central-force ideal continuous—random-network model. The shift of the broad dominant Raman line indicates a small but significant dependence on the Ge mass, and this suggests an effect of disorder not included in the central-force theory. The narrow "defect" line at 530 cm-1 appears to be all oxygen motion, and is tentatively identified with a regular ring of bonds. The narrow line at 345 cm-1 is unique in that it exhibits very little oxygen shift; it seems to consist largely of Ge motion, for which we have no firm explanation.

F. L. Galeener; A. E. Geissberger; G. W. Ogar; Jr.; R. E. Loehman

1983-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Secretary Chu Speaks at GE Solar Facility | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chu Speaks at GE Solar Facility Chu Speaks at GE Solar Facility Secretary Chu Speaks at GE Solar Facility November 18, 2011 - 1:19pm Addthis Secretary Steven Chu's remarks, as prepared for delivery, at the General Electric Solar Facility in Arvada, Colorado. Thank you, Fred [Seymour], for the introduction. GE is a leader in energy innovation. Thomas Edison, the father of GE, once said, "I'd put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power!" I imagine he would be amazed by the solar technology that is tested here. It's great to be in Colorado, a state that is at the forefront of the clean energy economy and has more solar jobs per capita than any other state[i]. I'm here at a critical time for America's energy future. It's a time of challenge, but it's also a time of opportunity.

250

GE Nucleus for Residential Energy Use Education, Home Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GE Nucleus for Residential Energy Use Education, Home Energy GE Nucleus for Residential Energy Use Education, Home Energy Management/Control, Residential Energy Integration Speaker(s): William Watts Date: August 4, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page Home Energy Gateways offer a single point of access to the AMI Smart Meter into the home. The Nucleus is GE's home energy management gateway. The GE Nucleus securely communicates to a Smart Meter and delivers real-time whole home energy consumption data for display to the Consumer. The Consumer is able to visualize their energy usage habits on a Client that is connected via TLS encryption to the WiFi or Ethernet interface of the Nucleus. The Nucleus records history of the consumer's usage and cost data for tracking of energy consumption habits. GE has a suite of Smart Appliances that

251

GE Lighting Solutions: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-4901) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-4901) Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-4901) January 11, 2013 DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to General Electric Lighting Solutions finding that various models of traffic signal modules do not comport with the energy conservation standards. DOE determined the products were noncompliant based on the company's own testing. GE Lighting Solutions must immediately notify each person (or company) to whom GE Lighting Solutions distributed the noncompliant products that the products do not meet Federal standards. In addition, GE Lighting Solutions must provide to DOE documents and records showing the number of units GE Lighting Solutions distributed and to whom. The manufacturer

252

TEM studies of Ge nanocrystal formation in PECVD grown  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the effect of annealing on the Ge nanocrystal formation in multilayered germanosilicate–oxide films grown on Si substrates by plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition (PECVD). The multilayered samples were annealed at temperatures ranging from 750 to 900?°C for 5 min under nitrogen atmosphere. The onset of formation of Ge nanocrystals, at 750?°C, can be observed via high resolution TEM micrographs. The diameters of Ge nanocrystals were observed to be between 5 and 14 nm. As the annealing temperature is raised to 850?°C, a second layer of Ge nanocrystals forms next to the original precipitation band, positioning itself closer to the substrate SiO2 interface. High resolution cross section TEM images, electron diffraction and electron energy-loss spectroscopy as well as energy-dispersive x-ray analysis (EDAX) data all indicate that Ge nanocrystals are present in each layer.

S A?an; A Dana; A Aydinli

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

On atomic structure of Ge huts growing on the Ge/Si(001) wetting layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Structural models of growing Ge hut clusters—pyramids and wedges—are proposed on the basis of data of recent STM investigations of nucleation and growth of Ge huts on the Si(001) surface in the process of molecular beam epitaxy. It is shown that extension of a hut base along <110> directions goes non-uniformly during the cluster growth regardless of its shape. Growing pyramids, starting from the second monolayer, pass through cyclic formation of slightly asymmetrical and symmetrical clusters, with symmetrical ones appearing after addition of every fourth monolayer. We suppose that pyramids of symmetrical configurations composed by 2, 6, 10, etc., monolayers over the wetting layer are more stable than asymmetrical ones. This might explain less stability of pyramids in comparison with wedges in dense arrays forming at low temperatures of Ge deposition. Possible nucleation processes of pyramids and wedges on wetting layer patches from identical embryos composed by 8 dimers through formation of 1 monolayer high 16-dimer nuclei different only in their symmetry is discussed. Schematics of these processes are presented. It is concluded from precise STM measurements that top layers of wetting layer patches are relaxed when huts nucleate on them.

Arapkina, Larisa V.; Yuryev, Vladimir A. [A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 38 Vavilov Street, Moscow, 119991 (Russian Federation)] [A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 38 Vavilov Street, Moscow, 119991 (Russian Federation)

2013-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

254

FUNDAMENTALS OF ENGINEERING SUPPLIED-REFERENCE HANDBOOK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUNDAMENTALS OF ENGINEERING SUPPLIED-REFERENCE HANDBOOK National Council of Examiners-1-932613-37-7 Printed in the United States of America April 2010 Revised #12;PREFACE The Fundamentals of Engineering (FE NQRZOHGJH FRYHULQJ WKH UHPDLQGHU RI UHTXLUHG GHJUHH FRXUVHZRUN The FE Supplied-Reference Handbook LV WKH RQO

Ahmad, Sajjad

255

Milli-Q Reference Water Purification System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Milli-Q® Reference Water Purification System The reference for ultrapure water systems EMD the requirements of the most demanding norms. We've achieved all this with a new purification strategy. Water. This water is sent through a small recirculation loop to the POD pak, where a final purification step

Woodall, Jerry M.

256

User Manual Milli-Q Reference System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is intended for use with a Milli-Q® Reference Water Purification System. This User Manual is a guide for use during the installation, normal operation and maintenance of a Milli-Q Reference Water Purification before attempting installation, normal operation or maintenance of the Water Purification System

Woodall, Jerry M.

257

TEMPLATE-BASED HIRE QUICK REFERENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

above, contact the HR Help Desk at 220-5932. Other Job Aids and Quick Reference Guides (QRG) Refer to the following job aids and QRGs on the HR website under Administrators --> Tools and Resources for extra help the Template-Based Hire for approval. If you need help with editing your Template-Based Hire or with the steps

Calgary, University of

258

Archived Reference Building Type: Medium office  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

259

Archived Reference Building Type: Medium office  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

260

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 7 Duluth, Minnesota  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

262

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 7 Duluth, Minnesota  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

263

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

264

Archived Reference Building Type: Midrise Apartment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

265

Archived Reference Building Type: Midrise Apartment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

266

Health physics research reactor reference dosimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reference neutron dosimetry is developed for the Health Physics Research Reactor (HPRR) in the new operational configuration directly above its storage pit. This operational change was physically made early in CY 1985. The new reference dosimetry considered in this document is referred to as the 1986 HPRR reference dosimetry and it replaces any and all HPRR reference documents or papers issued prior to 1986. Reference dosimetry is developed for the unshielded HPRR as well as for the reactor with each of five different shield types and configurations. The reference dosimetry is presented in terms of three different dose and six different dose equivalent reporting conventions. These reporting conventions cover most of those in current use by dosimetrists worldwide. In addition to the reference neutron dosimetry, this document contains other useful dosimetry-related data for the HPRR in its new configuration. These data include dose-distance measurements and calculations, gamma dose measurements, neutron-to-gamma ratios, ''9-to-3 inch'' ratios, threshold detector unit measurements, 56-group neutron energy spectra, sulfur fluence measurements, and details concerning HPRR shields. 26 refs., 11 figs., 31 tabs.

Sims, C.S.; Ragan, G.E.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

268

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

269

Variability viewpoint to describe reference architectures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reference architectures have emerged as a special type of software architecture that achieves well-recognized understanding of specific domains. Their purpose is therefore to be a guidance for the development, standardization, and evolution of systems ... Keywords: architecture description, reference architecture, variability

Milena Guessi; Flavio Oquendo; Elisa Yumi Nakagawa

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Low-temperature microwave magnetoresistance of lightly doped p-Ge and p-Ge1?x Six  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetoresistance of a lightly doped p-Ge1?x Six alloy is studied in the range of compositions x = 1–2 at %. The results are compared with the available data for lightly doped p-Ge. The studie...

A. I. Veinger; A. G. Zabrodskii; T. V. Tisnek

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Category:Reference Materials | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Category Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Reference Materials (Redirected from Reference Materials) Jump to: navigation, search This is a deprecated subcategory. All Reference Materials will be converted to References. Pages in category "Reference Materials" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 2,265 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 1 10 CFR § 1021 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits 238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc 2D Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Evaluation Of Low Enthalpy Geothermal Fields

272

Property:Reference material | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference material Reference material Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Reference material Property Type Page Description The reference material used or cited in the work, activity or concept which is the subject of the page. Pages using the property "Reference material" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe At Alum Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) + Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse Wells, Hawthorne Army Depot, Terraced Hills, And Other Areas In Nevada + 2-M Probe At Astor Pass Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) + Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse Wells, Hawthorne Army Depot, Terraced Hills, And Other Areas In Nevada + 2-M Probe At Black Warrior Area (DOE GTP) + GTP ARRA Spreadsheet +

273

Formation of Nanocrystalline Germanium via Oxidation of Si?.??Ge?.?? for Memory Device Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we studied the possibility of synthesizing nanocrystalline germanium (Ge) via dry and wet oxidation of both amorphous and polycrystalline Si?.??Ge?.?? films. In dry oxidation, Ge was rejected from the growing ...

Kan, Eric Win Hong

274

Origins of low resistivity and Ge donor level in Ge ion-implanted ZnO bulk single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy level of Ge in Ge-ion implanted ZnO single crystals is studied by Hall-effect and photoluminescence (PL) methods. The variations in resistivity from ?10{sup 3} ?cm for un-implanted samples to ?10{sup ?2} ?cm for as-implanted ones are observed. The resistivity is further decreased to ?10{sup ?3} ?cm by annealing. The origins of the low resistivity are attributed to both the zinc interstitial (Zn{sub i}) related defects and the electrical activated Ge donor. An activation energy of Ge donors estimated from the temperature dependence of carrier concentration is 102 meV. In PL studies, the new peak at 372 nm (3.33 eV) related to the Ge donor is observed in 1000 °C annealed samples.

Kamioka, K.; Oga, T.; Izawa, Y.; Kuriyama, K. [College of Engineering and Research Center of Ion Beam Technology, Hosei University Koganei, Tokyo 184-8584 (Japan); Kushida, K. [Departments of Arts and Sciences, Osaka Kyoiku University Kashiwara, Osaka 582-8582 (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

275

Low temperature epitaxial growth of Ge on cube- textured Ni  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quasi- single crystal Ge films were grown on [001]<010> textured Ni substrate at a temperature of 350 oC using an insulating buffer layer of CaF2. A direct deposition of Ge on Ni at 350 oC was shown to alloy with Ni. From x- ray pole figure analysis, it was shown that Ge grew epitaxially with the same orientation as CaF2 and the dispersions in the out- of- plane and in- plane directions were found to be 1.7 0.1o and 6 1o, respectively. In the out- of- plane direction, Ge[111]||CaF2[111]||Ni[001]. In addition, the Ge consisted of four equivalent in- plane oriented domains such that two mutually orthogonal directions: Ge 211 and Ge 011 are parallel to mutually orthogonal directions: Ni 110 and Ni 110 , respectively of the Ni(001) surface. This was shown to be originated from the four equivalent in- plane oriented domains of CaF2 created to minimize the mismatch strain between CaF2 and Ni in those directions.

GIARE, C [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); Palazzo, J [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); Goyal, Amit [ORNL; WANG, G [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); LU, T [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

The possibility of improving the structural perfection of the new heterojunctions GaAs-(Ge2)1? x (ZnSe)x, Ge-(Ge2)1?x (ZnSe)x, GaP-(Ge2)1?x (ZnSe)x, and Si-(Ge2)1?x (ZnSe)x  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on morphological investigations, as well as on a study of the scanning patterns and diffraction spectra of the heterostructures GaAs-(Ge2)1?x (ZnSe)x, Ge-(Ge2)1?x (ZnSe)x, Ga...

A. S. Saidov; É. A. Koshchanov; A. Sh. Razzakov

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

References, Canceled-7 Section B- April 16 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Section contains S&S references arranged as general references and by topical S&S programmatic areas

278

GeV Emission from Collisional Magnetized Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic fields may play a dominant role in gamma-ray bursts, and recent observations by the Fermi satellite indicate that GeV radiation, when detected, arrives delayed by seconds from the onset of the MeV component. Motivated by this, we discuss a magnetically dominated jet model where both magnetic dissipation and nuclear collisions are important. We show that, for parameters typical of the observed bursts, such a model involving a realistic jet structure can reproduce the general features of the MeV and a separate GeV radiation component, including the time delay between the two. The model also predicts a multi-GeV neutrino component.

P. Mészáros; M. J. Rees

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

279

GENERAL TECHNICAL BASE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

General General Technical Base Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2012 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

280

NUCLEAR SAFETY SPECIALIST QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nuclear Nuclear Safety Specialist Qualification Standard Reference Guide AUGUST 2008 This page is intentionally blank. i Table of Contents LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Fire Protection Engineering Qualification Standard Reference Guide  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fire Protection Fire Protection Engineering Qualification Standard Reference Guide SEPTEMBER 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. ii PURPOSE.......................................................................................................................................1 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................................1 PREFACE.......................................................................................................................................1 TECHNICAL COMPETENCIES................................................................................................3

282

WASTE MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Qualification Standard Qualification Standard Reference Guide August 2010 Waste Management This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents iii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

283

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Qualification Standard Qualification Standard Reference Guide JULY 2011 Occupational Safety This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

284

NEWTON's Environmental and Earth Science References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Environmental and Earth Science References Environmental and Earth Science References Do you have a great reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: >NASA's Earth Science Division NASA's Earth Science Division Find the answers to the big questions of Earth Science such as "How is the World Changing?" The information and articles are provided by NASA's Earth Science Division Geology.com Resources Teaching Earth Science - Geology.com Geology.com provides news and information about Geology and Earth Science. It has a teacher resource section as well, which provides a collection of classroom activities and lesson plans, for earth science in the classroom. IRIS's Seismographs in Schools Program IRIS's Seismographs in Schools Program Discover tools to share seismic data in real-time, classroom activities, and technical support documents for seismic instruments.

285

INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Industrial Industrial Hygiene Qualification Standard Reference Guide DECEMBER 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

286

Category:Reference Materials | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Reference Materials Jump to: navigation, search This is a deprecated subcategory. All Reference Materials will be converted to References. Pages in category "Reference Materials" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 2,265 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 1 10 CFR § 1021 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits 238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc

287

CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Construction Construction Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide August 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

288

RADIATION PROTECTION QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Radiation Radiation Protection Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2009 ii This page intentionally left blank iii Table of Contents LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iv ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS and SYMBOLS ................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

289

Category:References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:References Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Reference. Subcategories This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total. B [×] Buildings References‎ G [×] Geothermal References‎ 290 pages H [×] Hydrogen References‎ R [×] Reference Materials‎ 2265 pages S [×] Smart Grid References‎ [×] Solar References‎ 1 pages U [×] Utilities References‎ W [×] Water References‎ 2 pages [×] Wind References‎ 1 pages Pages in category "References" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 295 total. (previous 200) (next 200)

290

AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safety Safety Officer Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2010 i This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents ii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS ............................................................................................................................... iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

291

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Methane Hydrate Reference Shelf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf The Methane Hydrate Reference Shelf was created to provide a repository for information collected from projects funded as part of the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program. As output from the projects is received, it will be reviewed and then placed onto the reference shelf to be available to other methane hydrate researchers. Projects: DOE/NETL Projects : These pages contain detailed information on methane hydrate projects funded through the National Energy Technology Laboratory. Publications: Newsletter | Bibliography | Software | Reports | Program Publications | Photo Gallery Newsletter: Fire in the Ice: A publication highlighting the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program Bibliography: "Project Reports Bibliography"[PDF]: The bibliography lists publications resulting from DOE/NETL-sponsored

292

FAQS Reference Guide – Instrumentation and Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the June 2013 edition of DOE-Standard (STD)-1162-2013, Instrumentation and Control Functional Area Qualification Standard.

293

Emergency Responder Radioactive Material Quick Reference Sheet  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This job aid is a quick reference to assist emergency responders in identifying preliminary safety precautions that should be taken during the initial response phase after arrival at the scene of...

294

FAQS Reference Guide – Senior Technical Safety Manager  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the March 2013 edition of DOE-Standard (STD)-1175-2013, Senior Technical Safety Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard.

295

Red Band Needle Blight TERMS OF REFERENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Red Band Needle Blight TERMS OF REFERENCE Purpose 1. The Programme Board has been formed to have an overview of the administration and science of Red Band Needle Blight (RBNB), to underpin decisions made

296

Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference is designed to provide the framework, in conjunction, with the DOE O 329.1 (Excepted Service Authorities for EJ and EK Pay Plans). Specifically, the...

297

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

298

FAQS Reference Guide – Nuclear Safety Specialist  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the November 2007 edition of DOE Standard DOE-STD-1183-2007, Nuclear Safety Specialist Functional Area Qualification Standard.

299

FAQS Reference Guide – Safety Software Quality Assurance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the (March 2011) edition of DOE-STD-1172-2011, Safety Software Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

300

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

New Construction Commercial Reference Buildings — Archive  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

302

Widget:ReferenceEdit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

corrects fields not appearing when an existing reference is edited with the form. This patch overrides the form's built in show on select feature, which has an issue displaying...

303

FAQS Reference Guide – Civil/ Structural Engineering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the March 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1182-2004, Civil/Structural Engineering Functional Area Qualification Standard.

304

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith Software Verification Research Centre, University of Queensland, Australia smith@svrc.uq.edu.au Abstract. Two types of semantics have been given

Smith, Graeme

305

Generating and interpreting referring expressions in context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Referring expressions with vague and ambiguous modifiers, such as "a quick visit" and "the big meeting," are difficult for computers to interpret because their meanings are defined in part by context. For the hearer to ...

Smith, Dustin Arthur

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Electromagnetic Radiation REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CHAPTER 2: Electromagnetic Radiation Principles REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of the Environment John;2 Electromagnetic Energy Interactions Energy recorded by remote sensing systems undergoes fundamental interactions, creating convectional currents in the atmosphere. c) Electromagnetic energy in the form of electromagnetic

Gilbes, Fernando

307

TECHNICAL TRAINING QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Technical Technical Training Qualification Standard Reference Guide December 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iii PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

308

WEAPONS QUALITY ASSURANCE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Weapon Weapon Quality Assurance Qualification Standard Reference Guide AUGUST 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

309

SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Security Qualification Standard Reference Guide OCTOBER 2010 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1 PREFACE ...................................................................................................................................... 1

310

Intermixing between HfO{sub 2} and GeO{sub 2} films deposited on Ge(001) and Si(001): Role of the substrate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermally driven atomic transport in HfO{sub 2}/GeO{sub 2}/substrate structures on Ge(001) and Si(001) was investigated in N{sub 2} ambient as function of annealing temperature and time. As-deposited stacks showed no detectable intermixing and no instabilities were observed on Si. On Ge, loss of O and Ge was detected in all annealed samples, presumably due to evolution of GeO from the GeO{sub 2}/Ge interface. In addition, hafnium germanate is formed at 600 deg. C. Our data indicate that at 500 deg. C and above HfO{sub 2}/GeO{sub 2} stacks are stable only if isolated from the Ge substrate.

Soares, G. V.; Krug, C. [Instituto de Fisica, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul 91509-900 (Brazil); Miotti, L.; Bastos, K. P.; Lucovsky, G. [Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States); Baumvol, I. J. R. [Instituto de Fisica, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul 91509-900 (Brazil); Universidade de Caxias do Sul, Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul 95070-560 (Brazil); Radtke, C. [Instituto de Quimica, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul 91509-900 (Brazil)

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

311

Atomic layer-by-layer oxidation of Ge (100) and (111) surfaces by plasma post oxidation of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ge structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ultrathin GeO{sub x}/Ge interfaces formed on Ge (100) and (111) surfaces by applying plasma post oxidation to thin Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ge structures are characterized in detail using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and transmission electron microscopy. It is found that the XPS signals assigned to Ge 1+ and the 2+ states in the GeO{sub x} layers by post plasma oxidation have oscillating behaviors on Ge (100) surfaces in a period of {approx}0.3 nm with an increase in the GeO{sub x} thickness. Additionally, the oscillations of the signals assigned to Ge 1+ and 2+ states show opposite phase to each other. The similar oscillation behaviors are also confirmed on Ge (111) surfaces for Ge 1+ and 3+ states in a period of {approx}0.5 nm. These phenomena can be strongly regarded as an evidence of the atomic layer-by-layer oxidation of GeO{sub x}/Ge interfaces on Ge (100) and (111) surfaces.

Zhang, Rui [School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan) [School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, 22 Hankou Road, Nanjing 210093 (China); Huang, Po-Chin; Lin, Ju-Chin; Takenaka, Mitsuru; Takagi, Shinichi [School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)] [School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

312

GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Electric Appliances failed to certify a variety of dehumidifiers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) More Documents & Publications De'Longhi USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2114)

313

GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) March 5, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Electric Lighting Solutions manufactured and distributed noncompliant traffic signal modules in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) More Documents & Publications Act One: NPCP (2013-CE-49001) Excellence Opto: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-49002)

314

Crystal Lake - GE Energy Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GE Energy Wind Farm GE Energy Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Crystal Lake - GE Energy Wind Farm Facility Crystal Lake - GE Energy Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer NextEra Energy Resources Location IA Coordinates 43.194201°, -93.860521° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.194201,"lon":-93.860521,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

315

Northern Colorado Wind Energy Center (GE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Center (GE) Center (GE) Jump to: navigation, search Name Northern Colorado Wind Energy Center (GE) Facility Northern Colorado Wind Energy Center (GE) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Developer NextEra Energy Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Logan County CO Coordinates 40.974539°, -103.025336° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.974539,"lon":-103.025336,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

316

ORNL Partners with GE on New Hybrid | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ORNL Partners with GE on New Hybrid ORNL Partners with GE on New Hybrid September 02, 2011 Water Heater About 400 jobs will soon be created at a Louisville General Electric plant at which a new electric water heater will be built. The technology was developed through a collaboration between ORNL and GE. The appliance will meet the new Energy Star water heater program criteria, which require future heaters to be twice as efficient as an electric storage water heater, positioning GE to be the first company to meet the energy-saving standard. According to DOE, using devices that meet these criteria should save American households approximately $780 million. ORNL's Patrick Hughes said the water heater will benefit consumers with its energy efficiency as well as its cost savings. "It will give you as much hot water and have the same recovery times so you

317

Intern Shares Insight Into Researchers' Minds |GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rest of the year, I am a Ph.D. candidate at Virginia Tech, where my research is in aerodynamics and instrumentation development. At school, my work is supported by GE Power and...

318

A Deep Dive into the Subsea Environment | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

every step must be carried out in a safe manner to assure the risk of any serious accident is kept low, with very tight and conservative control. Filling the need GE...

319

Laser Guiding for GeV Laser-Plasma Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts. IEEE Trans.using laser wake?eld accelerators. Meas. Sci. Technol. 12,for GeV laser-plasma accelerators. In Advanced Accelerator

Leemans, Wim; Esarey, Eric; Geddes, Cameron; Schroeder, C.B.; Toth, Csaba

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Making Silicon Carbide Devices in the Cleanroom | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Silicon Carbide Devices in the Cleanroom Making Silicon Carbide Devices in the Cleanroom Ron Olson 2012.08.23 As the Wide Bandgap Process and Fab manager for the GE Global Research...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Ge-on-Si laser operating at room temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monolithic lasers on Si are ideal for high-volume and large-scale electronic–photonic integration. Ge is an interesting candidate owing to its pseudodirect gap properties and compatibility with Si complementary metal oxide ...

Liu, Jifeng

322

Helping Astronauts Back on Earth | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Helping Astronauts Back on Earth Helping Astronauts Back on Earth Vikas Revanna Shivaprabhu 2014.09.11 I received an email in early May from GE Global Research regarding a summer...

323

Take a Closer Look at the Brain | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Take a Closer Look at the Brain Take a Closer Look at the Brain Worldwide, more than 450 million people are living with compromised brain health. GE Global Research scientists,...

324

Be a part of something bigger than yourself GE Healthcare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, reliability, cost and manufacturability. Work is done using 3D CAD systems. Leading engineering tasks external covers, packaging, mechanisms, cables & harnesses, labelling, and packaging. Knowledge Healthcare, a $17 billion division of General Electric Company. GE Healthcare's broad range of products

Rimon, Elon

325

Cloud-Based Air Traffic Management Announcement | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Works to Bring Air Traffic Management Into "The Cloud" GE Works to Bring Air Traffic Management Into "The Cloud" A global leader in avionics and software development, the General...

326

Sandia National Laboratories: Northrop-Grumman, GE Partnerships...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experience Northrop-Grumman, GE Partnerships Tap a Wide Range of Sandia Labs Experience Solar Energy Research Institute for India and the United States Kick-Off American Chemical...

327

Steve Duclos, Chief Scientist, GE Global Research, Research Priorities...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

essionC3Duclos-GE.pdf More Documents & Publications Trans-Atlantic Workshop on Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future Iowa lab gets critical...

328

Wind Turbine Transportation in Toyland | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Edison's Desk > Wind Turbine Transportation in Toyland Wind Turbine Transportation in Toyland Charles (Burt) Theurer 2011.05.27 GE doesn't just make wind turbines. We also deliver...

329

LNG Technology Is in the News | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LNG Technology Is in the News LNG Technology Is in the News Laura Hudy 2013.02.07 My name is Laura Hudy, and I lead the Thermal Energy Systems team at GE Global Research. One of...

330

Ge quantum dots structural peculiarities depending on the preparation conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

EXAFS and XANES spectroscopy methods have been applied in a study of the influence of the preparation conditions on the spatial and electronic structure of Ge/Si heterostructures.

Erenburg, S.

2003-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

331

Notrees 1B (GE Energy) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B (GE Energy) Wind Farm B (GE Energy) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Notrees 1B (GE Energy) Wind Farm Facility Notrees 1B (GE Energy) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Duke Energy Carolinas LLC Developer Duke Energy Carolinas LLC Location TX Coordinates 31.9685988°, -99.9018131° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.9685988,"lon":-99.9018131,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

332

Enhanced Oil Recovery to Fuel Future Oil Demands | GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to Fuel Future Oil Demands Enhanced Oil Recovery to Fuel Future Oil Demands Trevor Kirsten 2013.10.02 I'm Trevor Kirsten and I lead a team of GE researchers that investigate a...

333

Pushing Super Materials to the Limit | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to the Limit this Spring Break SpringBreakIt - Pushing Super Materials to the Limit this Spring Break Joseph Vinciquerra 2014.04.23 I lead GE's Materials Processing and Testing...

334

Probing the Structure of {sup 74}Ge Nucleus with Coupled-channels Analysis of {sup 74}Ge+{sup 74}Ge Fusion Reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the fusion reaction of the {sup 74}Ge+{sup 74}Ge system in term of the full order coupled-channels formalism. We especially calculated the fusion cross section as well as the fusion barrier distribution of this reaction using transition matrix suggested by recent Coulomb excitation experiment. We compare the results with the one obtained by coupling matrix based on pure vibrational and rotational models. The present coupled-channels calculations for the barrier distributions obtained using experiment coupling matrix is in good agreement with the one obtained with vibrational model, in contrast to the rotational model. This is indicates that {sup 74}Ge nucleus favor a spherical shape than a deformed shape in its ground state. Our results will resolve the debates concerning the structure of this nucleus.

Zamrun F, Muhammad [Deparment of Physics University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603 (Malaysia); Jurusan Fisika FMIPA, Universitas Haluoleo, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, 93232 (Indonesia); Kasim, Hasan Abu [Deparment of Physics University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603 (Malaysia)

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

335

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GE WIND ENERGY, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

WIND ENERGY, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF WIND ENERGY, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER NREL SUBCONTRACT NO. ZAM-3-31235-05 UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-AC36-98GO10337; W(A)-03-033; CH-1159 As set out in the attached waiver petition and in subsequent discussions with DOE Patent Counsel, GE Wind Energy, LLC (GEWE) has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above-identified subcontract by its employees and its subcontractors' employees, regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517, as amended, and National Laboratories. Referring to item 2 of GEWE's waiver petition, the purpose of this agreement encompasses the design, development, and testing of a 5.0 megawatt (MW) low wind speed

336

1 to 2 GeV/c beam line for hypernuclear and kaon research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A kaon beam line operating in the range from 1.0 to 2.0 GeV/c is proposed. The line is meant for kaon and pion research in a region hitherto inaccessible to experimenters. Topics in hypernuclear and kaon physics of high current interest include the investigation of doubly strange nuclear systems with the K/sup -/,K/sup +/ reaction, searching for dibaryon resonances, hyperon-nucleon interactions, hypernuclear ..gamma.. rays, and associated production of excited hypernuclei. The beam line would provide separated beams of momentum analyzed kaons at intensities greater than 10/sup 6/ particles per spill with a momentum determined to one part in a thousand. This intensity is an order of magnitude greater than that currently available. 63 references.

Chrien, R.E.

1985-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Thermally oxidized formation of new Ge dots over as-grown Ge dots in the Si capping layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Si-capped Ge quantum dot sample was self-assembly grown via Stranski-Krastanov mode in a molecular beam epitaxy system with the Si capping layer deposited at 300 deg. C. After annealing the sample in an oxygen atmosphere at 1000 deg. C, a structure, namely two layers of quantum dots, was formed with the newly formed Ge-rich quantum dots embedded in the oxidized matrix with the position accurately located upon the as-grown quantum dots. It has been found that the formation of such nanostructures strongly depends upon the growth temperature and oxygen atmosphere. A growth mechanism was proposed to explain the formation of the nanostructure based on the Ge diffusion from the as-grown quantum dots, Ge segregation from the growing oxide, and subsequent migration/agglomeration.

Nie Tianxiao [State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Materials Engineering, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia); Lin Jinhui; Shao Yuanmin; Wu Yueqin; Yang Xinju; Fan Yongliang; Jiang Zuimin [State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Chen Zhigang [Materials Engineering, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia); Zou Jin [Materials Engineering, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia); Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland QLD 4072 (Australia)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Commercial Reference Building: Hospital | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

09 09 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278309 Varnish cache server Commercial Reference Building: Hospital Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Hospital for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

339

Ge interactions on HfO{sub 2} surfaces and kinetically driven patterning of Ge nanocrystals on HfO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Germanium interactions are studied on HfO{sub 2} surfaces, which are prepared through physical vapor deposition (PVD) and by atomic layer deposition. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and temperature-programed desorption are used to follow the reactions of germanium on HfO{sub 2}. Germanium chemical vapor deposition at 870 K on HfO{sub 2} produces a GeO{sub x} adhesion layer, followed by growth of semiconducting Ge{sup 0}. PVD of 0.7 ML Ge (accomplished by thermally cracking GeH{sub 4} over a hot filament) also produces an initial GeO{sub x} layer, which is stable up to 800 K. PVD above 2.0 ML deposits semiconducting Ge{sup 0}. Temperature programed desorption experiments of {approx}1.0 ML Ge from HfO{sub 2} at 400-1100 K show GeH{sub 4} desorption below 600 K and GeO desorption above 850 K. These results are compared to Ge on SiO{sub 2} where GeO desorption is seen at 550 K. Exploiting the different reactivity of Ge on HfO{sub 2} and SiO{sub 2} allows a kinetically driven patterning scheme for high-density Ge nanoparticle growth on HfO{sub 2} surfaces that is demonstrated.

Stanley, Scott K.; Joshi, Sachin V.; Banerjee, Sanjay K.; Ekerdt, John G. [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-0231 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-0240 (United States); Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-0231 (United States)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

340

16 - Microcavities and quantum cascade laser structures based on silicon–germanium (SiGe) nanostructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter discusses two types of Si-based light-emitting devices based on Ge quantum dots in optical microcavities and SiGe quantum cascade (QC) structures. After reviewing various solutions for Si-based light-emitting devices, the chapter describes the method to enhance light emission from Ge dots through embedding them into optical microcavities. It then reviews SiGe quantum cascade laser (QCL) structures on issues of material growth, electroluminescence from SiGe QC structures, n-type SiGe QC structures, and waveguides for SiGe QCLs.

J. Xia; Y. Shiraki; J. Yu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Category:Geothermal References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Geothermal References Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Reference Pages in category "Geothermal References" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 323 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2007 Annual Report A A Case History of Injection Through 1991 at Dixie Valley, Nevada A Coordinated Exploration Program for Geothermal Sources on the Island of Hawaii A geochemical model of the Kilauea east rift zone A model for the shallow thermal regime at Dixie Valley geothermal field

342

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

343

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

344

NETL: Innovations for Existing Plants - Reference Shelf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Innovations for Existing Plants Reference Shelf Program Overview Overview Publications: IEP, Recent Accomplishments Report - [PDF-1.3MB] (Oct 2007) IEP Roadmap & Program Plan [PDF-1.2MB] (May 2006) DOE/NETL'S Innovations for Existing Plants R&D Program [PDF-42KB] (Feb 2005) Improving the Environmental Performance of Today's Coal-Fired Power Plants This paper provides an overview of the Innovations for Existing Plants (IEP) Program, managed by the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory. IEP develops advanced low-cost environmental control technologies for the existing fleet of coal-fired power plants, specifically focusing on the development of advanced mercury, NOx, PM, and acid gas emission control technology. Research is also directed at the characterization and beneficial use of coal utilization byproducts as well as at emerging electric-utility and water issues.

345

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

346

EIA - Appendix A - Reference Case Projection Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tables (2005-2035) Tables (2005-2035) International Energy Outlook 2010 Reference Case Projections Tables (2005-2035) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Appendix A. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

347

DOE_EVMS_CROSS_REFERENCE_CHECKLIST.pdf  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EVMS CROSS REFERENCE CHECKLIST EVMS CROSS REFERENCE CHECKLIST The purpose of this checklist is to evaluate a contractor's EVMS procedures to the ANSI/EIA-748 Guidelines. This process is typically done during a certification review, evaluation of changes to procedures, and when questions arise during subsequent surveillances. This checklist is just one tool. Other references may assist in the evaluation process. A recommended guide to be used in conjunction with this checklist is the NDIA PMSC, Earned Value Management Systems Intent Guide, 2006, http://www.ndia.org/Divisions/Divisions/Procurement/Pages/Program_Management_Systems_Committee.aspx GUIDELINE and QUESTIONS Y/N SD Ref ASSESSMENT NOTES DOCUMENTS I. ORGANIZATION 1. Define the authorized work elements for program. A work breakdown structure (WBS), tailored for effective internal management

348

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

349

Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1] 1] U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer 2012 Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference E X E C U T I V E R E S O U R C E S D I V I S I O N [2] Executive Summary The Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference is designed to provide the framework, in conjunction, with the DOE O 329.1 (Excepted Service Authorities for EJ and EK Pay Plans). Specifically, the desk reference addresses the requirements for the Excepted Service EJ and EK positions, to include: * Description of the EJ and EK authorities; * Policy of utilizing merit system principles and the Department's commitment to diversity; * The use of collective bargaining agreements applying to some EJ and EK positions; * The types of positions that the EJ and EK authorities apply and prohibited types of

350

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

351

Property:References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References References Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Text. Subproperties This property has the following 43 subproperties: A Active Seismic Techniques Aeromagnetic Survey Airborne Gravity Survey Audio-Magnetotellurics C Chemical Logging Compound and Elemental Analysis Controlled Source Audio MT Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics D DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) DC Resistivity Survey (Mise-Á-La-Masse) DC Resistivity Survey (Pole-Dipole Array) DC Resistivity Survey (Schlumberger Array) DC Resistivity Survey (Wenner Array) Direct-Current Resistivity Survey D cont. Downhole Techniques E Electrical Profiling Configurations Electrical Techniques Electromagnetic Techniques F Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey G Geodetic Survey Geophysical Techniques

352

A study of an Al-Ge3N4-Ge structure by the method of photo-capacitance-voltage characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results are reported of a study of a Ge-Ge3N4...interface by the method of capacitance-voltage characteristics, with the structure irradiated with photons of varied energy. The employed technique revealed trap le...

R. B. Dzhanelidze; M. B. Dzhanelidze; M. R. Katsiashvili

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

On the Al-Si, Al-Ge, and Al-Ge-Si systems and their application to brazing in high power semiconductor devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results of the Smith thermal analysis studies13 of the Al-Si, Al-Ge, and Al-Ge-Si systems are presented and compared with ... . Isothermal and vertical sections for the Al-Ge-Si system, computed from thermodynami...

F. H. Hayes; R. D. Longbottom; E. Ahmad; G. Chen

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Commercial Reference Building: Warehouse | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warehouse Warehouse Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Warehouse for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for three categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

355

Commercial Reference Building: Supermarket | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Supermarket Supermarket Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Supermarket for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

356

Reference Modeling for Inter-organizational Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to gain efficiency in the modeling process and a higher quality of inter-organizational solutions. 1Reference Modeling for Inter-organizational Systems Dieter Mayrhofer Institute of Software@big.tuwien.ac.at Abstract. Inter-organizational business process models are created and used by different partner networks

357

REFERENCE GUIDE ENERGY CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE ACT (ECAA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with this requirement. Waste management guidance and plan template can be downloaded at http://www.energy that generate waste. Attachments: Energy Commission Waste Management Plan Guidance Waste Management Plan1 REFERENCE GUIDE ENERGY CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE ACT (ECAA) STATE ENERGY PROGRAM (SEP) AMERICAN

358

VI. References V. Realistic Learning (Rate Based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VI. References V. Realistic Learning (Rate Based III. Mean Field Model IV. Spike Timing Depended Results Batch Learning ber of pattern stored patterns Low pass filtering: Presynaptic Adaptation ( ):see Christian Albers and Klaus Pawelzik University of Bremen -- Institute for Theoretical Physics -- Department

Kreiter, Andreas K.

359

Xyce parallel electronic simulator : reference guide.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a reference guide to the Xyce Parallel Electronic Simulator, and is a companion document to the Xyce Users Guide. The focus of this document is (to the extent possible) exhaustively list device parameters, solver options, parser options, and other usage details of Xyce. This document is not intended to be a tutorial. Users who are new to circuit simulation are better served by the Xyce Users Guide. The Xyce Parallel Electronic Simulator has been written to support, in a rigorous manner, the simulation needs of the Sandia National Laboratories electrical designers. It is targeted specifically to run on large-scale parallel computing platforms but also runs well on a variety of architectures including single processor workstations. It also aims to support a variety of devices and models specific to Sandia needs. This document is intended to complement the Xyce Users Guide. It contains comprehensive, detailed information about a number of topics pertinent to the usage of Xyce. Included in this document is a netlist reference for the input-file commands and elements supported within Xyce; a command line reference, which describes the available command line arguments for Xyce; and quick-references for users of other circuit codes, such as Orcad's PSpice and Sandia's ChileSPICE.

Mei, Ting; Rankin, Eric Lamont; Thornquist, Heidi K.; Santarelli, Keith R.; Fixel, Deborah A.; Coffey, Todd Stirling; Russo, Thomas V.; Schiek, Richard Louis; Warrender, Christina E.; Keiter, Eric Richard; Pawlowski, Roger Patrick

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Reference Manual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Reference Manual #12;#12;Retrofit Energy Savings commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does from the Department of Energy. Any conclusions or opinions expressed in this manual represent solely

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The National Standard Reference Data System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...from Thermal Conductivity of Selected Materials (12). 760 reau's Office of Standard...on behalf of the United States as au-thor or proprietor, in standard refer-ence...Liley, Thermal Conductivity of Selected Materials. NSRDS-NBS-8 (Superintendent of...

Edward L. Brady; Merrill B. Wallenstein

1967-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

362

MATLAB Reference Sheet If you want to...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATLAB Reference Sheet Variables If you want to... MATLAB Command Comment Create a variable called a and set it equal to 1 a = 1 Anytime you use a from now on, unless you change its value or clear it, MATLAB knows you mean 1. Note that MATLAB is case sensitive, so the variables a and A are not the same. Find

Crawford, T. Daniel

363

MATLAB Quick Reference Author: Jialong He  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATLAB Quick Reference Author: Jialong He Jialong_he@bigfoot.com http://www.bigfoot.com/~jialong_he General Purpose Commands Managing Commands and Functions addpath Add directories to MATLAB's search path platforms genpath Generate a path string help Display M-file help for MATLAB functions in the Command Window

Mitchell, Tom

364

The Mathematics of the Models of Reference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Mathematics of the Models of Reference is a detailed exposition of the modeling of physical and informational reality pursued by iLabs Milan ( www.ilabs.it ), a private research lab in applied Artificial Intelligence. Based on an original approach ...

Francesco Berto; Gabriele Rossi; Jacopo Tagliabue

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

To A Continent A Reference Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Headwaters To A Continent A Reference Guide to Montana's Water Produced by Susan Higgins-Headwaters To A Continent A Place in the Hydrologic Cycle The Historical Significance of Water in Montana Water Availability In A Nutshell Surface Water Ground Water Ways That We Use Water Irrigation and Livestock Public and Rural

Dyer, Bill

366

Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

1 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer 2012 Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference E X E C U T I V E R E S O U R C E S D I V I S I O N 2...

367

Positional reference system for ultraprecision machining  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stable positional reference system for use in improving the cutting tool-to-part contour position in numerical controlled-multiaxis metal turning machines is provided. The reference system employs a plurality of interferometers referenced to orthogonally disposed metering bars which are substantially isolated from machine strain induced position errors for monitoring the part and tool positions relative to the metering bars. A microprocessor-based control system is employed in conjunction with the plurality of positions interferometers and part contour description data input to calculate error components for each axis of movement and output them to corresponding axis driven with appropriate scaling and error compensation. Real-time position control, operating in combination with the reference system, makes possible the positioning of the cutting points of a tool along a part locus with a substantially greater degree of accuracy than has been attained previously in the art by referencing and then monitoring only the tool motion relative to a reference position located on the machine base.

Arnold, J.B.; Burleson, R.R.; Pardue, R.M.

1980-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

368

Population Reference Bureau Kenneth W. Wachter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Deaths, Medicare Enrollments · National Only; No Geography · Age, Sex, and Race; No Hispanics · Despite of 300,000 Households · August to October 2010 to avoid contamination. · E-Sample and P-Sample · EE,000 households · American Community Survey: Reverse Record Check KWW ­ p. 20/2 #12;References Bell, Robert and M

Wachter, Kenneth W.

369

Improving the Boeing Quick Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving the Boeing Quick Reference Handbook Barbara E. Holder Aviation System Safety Boeing they know? Crew opens the QRH #12;Checklist verification #12;Attempt to restore power by following these steps #12;Condition 1 Are there more? It says "continued" Power was not restored #12;Condition 2

370

Reference: RGL 82-02 Subject: WETLANDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reference: RGL 82-02 Subject: WETLANDS Title: CLARIFICATION OF "NORMAL CIRCUMSTANCES" IN THE WETLAND DEFINITION Issued: 02/11/82 Expires: 12/31/84 Originator: DAEN-CWO-N Description: DEFINES NORMAL CIRCUMSTANCES, CONVERTED WETLANDS, AND ABNORMAL PRESENCE OF AQUATIC VEGETATION 1. This letter will serve

US Army Corps of Engineers

371

Electron spin resonance observation of an interfacial Ge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using electron spin resonance (ESR), we report on the observation of a first Ge dangling bond (DB)-type interface defect in the SiO2/(100)GexSi1?x/SiO2/(100)Si heterostructure manufactured by the condensation technique. The center, exhibiting monoclinic-I (C2v) symmetry with principal g values g1 = 2.0338 ± 0.0003, g2 = 2.0386 ± 0.0006, g3 = 2.0054 is observed in maximum densities of ~6.8 ? 1012 cm?2 of the GexSi1?x/SiO2 interface for x~0.7, the signal disappearing for x outside the 0.45–0.93 range. The notable absence of interfering Si Pb-type centers enables unequivocal spectral analysis. Collectively, the combination of all data leads to depicting the defect as a Ge Pb 1-type center, i.e. not a trigonal basic Ge Pb(0)-type center (). Understanding the modalities of the defect's occurrence may provide an insight into the thus far elusive role of Ge DB defects at Ge/insulator interfaces, and widen our understanding of interfacial DB centers in general.

A Stesmans; P Somers; V V Afanas'ev

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The Ozone Dilemma: a reference handbook (Contemporary World Issues Series)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dilemma: a reference handbook By David E. Newton Reviewed byDilemma: a reference handbook (Contemporary World IssuesThe Ozone Dilemma: a reference handbook is targeted at both

Li, Haipeng

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Cedar Creek Wind Farm I (GE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GE) GE) Jump to: navigation, search Name Cedar Creek Wind Farm I (GE) Facility Cedar Creek Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Babcock & Brown/BP America Developer Babcock & Brown/BP America Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Weld County east of Grover CO Coordinates 40.873578°, -104.07825° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.873578,"lon":-104.07825,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

374

Greenhouse Gas Services AES GE EFS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Services AES GE EFS Greenhouse Gas Services AES GE EFS Jump to: navigation, search Name Greenhouse Gas Services (AES/GE EFS) Place Arlington, Virginia Zip 22203-4168 Product Develop and invest in a range of projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions that produce verified GHG credits. Coordinates 43.337585°, -89.379449° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.337585,"lon":-89.379449,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

375

Top of the World (GE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Top of the World (GE) Top of the World (GE) Facility Top of the World (GE) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Duke Energy Carolinas LLC Developer Duke Energy Carolinas LLC Energy Purchaser PacifiCorp Location 4 miles northeast of Glenrock WY Coordinates 42.914132°, -105.691223° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.914132,"lon":-105.691223,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

376

NETL: News Release - GE Sets Benchmarks for Fuel Cell Performance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

August 8, 2005 August 8, 2005 GE Sets Benchmarks for Fuel Cell Performance Achievements Move Efficient, Clean SOFC Technology Closer to Mainstream Energy Markets TORRANCE, CA - In the race to speed solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology out of niche markets and into widespread commercial use, GE Hybrid Power Generation Systems has kicked fuel cell performance into high gear. Recent advancements have dramatically improved baseline cell performance and accelerate GE's prospects for achieving the system efficiency and cost objectives of DOE's Solid State Energy Alliance (SECA) program. Packing more power into smaller volumes is one of the breakthroughs needed to reduce the cost and expand the use of efficient, environmentally friendly fuel cells. But increasing power density isn't the only goal; as power density increases, fuel cells must continue to efficiently and reliably convert fuel to electric power.

377

Tunneling states in vitreous GeO2s  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ultrasonic measurements of the attenuation and the velocity variation have been carried out in amorphous GeO2 at low temperature (0.3–10 K) and high frequencies (80–210 MHz). From numerical fits to the tunneling model, the typical parameters of the tunneling states (TS) were determined and compared to those found for vitreous SiO2 . The study reveals that in a-GeO2 , which is considered as a close structural analog to a-SiO2 , although the density of states is found to be very similar in both materials, the coupling between the TS and the phonons is significantly smaller. In the model of coupled tetrahedra as the origin of the TS, this difference can be understood in view of the fact that numerical calculations about the vibrational characteristics of network amorphous solids indicate that the tetrahedra are more decoupled in vitreous GeO2 than in vitreous silica.

Christiane Laermans; Veerle Keppens; Robert Weeks

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

2014 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Cross-reference of...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Cross-reference of Project Investigators, Projects, and Organizations 2014 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Cross-reference of Project Investigators, Projects, and...

379

Surface Temperature Humidity Reference System Handbook - November 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference (SURTHREF) system is intended to provide accurate reference values of ambient temperature and relative humidity for comparison with radiosonde prelaunch values.

MT Ritsche

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

380

IBM References | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Transfer Data Transfer Debugging & Profiling Performance Tools & APIs Software & Libraries IBM References Intrepid/Challenger/Surveyor Tukey Eureka / Gadzooks Policies Documentation Feedback Please provide feedback to help guide us as we continue to build documentation for our new computing resource. [Feedback Form] IBM References Contents IBM Redbooks A2 Processor Manual QPX Vector Instruction Set Architecture XL Compiler Documentation MASS Documentation Back to top IBM Redbooks IBM System Blue Gene Solution: Blue Gene/Q Application Development Manual - Application and library developers wants this one. This documents options for MPI, OpenMP, and other features of interest to most users. IBM System Blue Gene Solution: Blue Gene/Q Code Development and Tools Interface - Low-level tools; developers may find this useful.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

REScheck Residnetial Plan Review Quick Reference Guide  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RESIDENTIAL PLAN REVIEW RESIDENTIAL PLAN REVIEW QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE Plan review for energy code compliance can be conducted quickly and efficiently. The U.S. Department of Energy's REScheck Compliance Software is designed to create simplified compliance certificates that can be easily reviewed by enforcement personnel. This Quick Reference Guide will guide you, step-by-step, through a typical plan review process. There are three basic steps for conducting a building energy code plan review: Step 1: Verify the documentation has been correctly prepared. Step 2: Verify the levels of efficiency shown on the plans meet or exceed that shown in the documentation. Step 3: Verify all of the information to conduct a field inspection is included in the plans or documentation for the inspector to use on site.

382

to refer your readers to any other  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

refer your readers to any other refer your readers to any other forms of communication that you've created for your organization. You can also use this space to remind readers to mark their calendars for a regular event, such as a breakfast meeting for vendors every third Tuesday of the month, or a biannual charity auction. If space is available, this is a good place to insert a clip art image or some other graphic. This story can fit 175-225 words. If your newsletter is folded and mailed, this story will appear on the back. So, it's a good idea to make it easy to read at a glance. A question and answer session is a good way to quickly capture the at- tention of readers. You can either compile questions that you've re-

383

EERE Program Management Quick Reference Guide  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

a companion to the Office of Energy Efficiency and a companion to the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Program Management Reference Guide. It provides an overall description of the EERE program management structure, defines EERE program and project management roles and responsibilities, lays out the general sequence of activities in the program management cycle, and introduces the EERE Strategic Management System (SMS) and the EERE Information and Business Management Systems - Corporate Planning System (CPS), EERE Information System (EIS), and the Systems Approach to Grants Administration for Windows (WinSAGA). Quick references to the Guide and other sources of information of related program management information are provided throughout in information boxes associated within the text.

384

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AEO2012 Early Release Rollout Presentation AEO2012 Early Release Rollout Presentation Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies John Hopkins University January 23, 2012 | Washington, DC Howard Gruenspecht, Acting Administrator Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release Reference Case Key results from the AEO2012 Reference case, which assumes current laws remain unchanged 2 Howard Gruenspecht AEO2012, January 23, 2012 * Projected growth of energy use slows over the projection period reflecting an extended economic recovery and increasing energy efficiency in end-use applications * Domestic crude oil production increases, reaching levels not experienced since 1994 by 2020 * With modest economic growth, increased efficiency, growing domestic production, and continued adoption of nonpetroleum liquids, net

385

Ocean - Quick Reference | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Quick Reference - Quick Reference Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov » Communities » Ocean Quick Ref 1) Q: How do I upload metadata into Data.gov? A: Federal Agencies: Data.gov is organized into separate catalogs to provide access to three classes of published, publicly accessible federal data and related access tools and services: "raw" data, geodata and applications, each with specific distinguishing characteristics. Although the selection criteria, approval, and submission process differ by department and agency, the following highlights the Data.gov submission process. Nomination of data or application Although any individual or organization may suggest a dataset or application for promotion to Data.gov, primary responsibility rests with

386

Reference electrode for strong oxidizing acid solutions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reference electrode for the measurement of the oxidation-reduction potentials of solutions is especially suitable for oxidizing solutions such as highly concentrated and fuming nitric acids, the solutions of nitrogen oxides, N.sub.2 O.sub.4 and N.sub.2 O.sub.5, in nitric acids. The reference electrode is fabricated of entirely inert materials, has a half cell of Pt/Ce(IV)/Ce(III)/70 wt. % HNO.sub.3, and includes a double-junction design with an intermediate solution of 70 wt. % HNO.sub.3. The liquid junctions are made from Corning No. 7930 glass for low resistance and negligible solution leakage.

Rigdon, Lester P. (Livermore, CA); Harrar, Jackson E. (Castro Valley, CA); Bullock, Sr., Jack C. (Pleasanton, CA); McGuire, Raymond R. (Brentwood, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Quantum reference frames and deformed symmetries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the context of constrained quantum mechanics, reference systems are used to construct relational observables that are invariant under the action of the symmetry group. Upon measurement of a relational observable, the reference system undergoes an unavoidable measurement 'back-action' that modifies its properties. In a quantum-gravitational setting, it has been argued that such a back-action may produce effects that are described at an effective level as a form of deformed (or doubly) special relativity. We examine this possibility using a simple constrained system that has been extensively studied in the context of quantum information. While our conclusions support the idea of a symmetry deformation, they also reveal a host of other effects that may be relevant to the context of quantum gravity, and could potentially conceal the symmetry deformation.

Girelli, Florian [SISSA, Via Beirut 2-4, 34014 Trieste (Italy) and INFN, Sezione di Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Poulin, David [Center for the Physics of Information, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Quantum reference frames and deformed symmetries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the context of constrained quantum mechanics, reference systems are used to construct relational observables that are invariant under the action of the symmetry group. Upon measurement of a relational observable, the reference system undergoes an unavoidable measurement “back-action” that modifies its properties. In a quantum-gravitational setting, it has been argued that such a back-action may produce effects that are described at an effective level as a form of deformed (or doubly) special relativity. We examine this possibility using a simple constrained system that has been extensively studied in the context of quantum information. While our conclusions support the idea of a symmetry deformation, they also reveal a host of other effects that may be relevant to the context of quantum gravity, and could potentially conceal the symmetry deformation.

Florian Girelli and David Poulin

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

389

CRITICALITY SAFETY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9, 2010 Page 1 of 47 9, 2010 Page 1 of 47 Criticality Safety Qualification Standard Reference Guide 2010 For use with DOE-STD 1173-2009, CRITICALITY SAFETY FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD September 9, 2010 Page 2 of 47 PURPOSE....................................................................................................................... 5 SCOPE............................................................................................................................ 5 1. Criticality safety personnel must demonstrate a working-level knowledge of the fission process. .......................................................................................................... 6 2. Criticality safety personnel must demonstrate a working-level knowledge of the

390

Full Abstraction for Nominal General References  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

}. For each m (MA \\ IA): iA A m1 A · · · A mi A m Initial moves are P-Answers,and whenever m1 A m2, m1, m2 The -calculus is a functional calculus with nominal references. TY A, B ::= ½ | � | [A] | A B | A B TE M, N ::= x | x.M | M N -term | skip return | n | pred M | succ N arithmetic | if0 M then N1 else N2

391

SAFT-UT utilities: Reference manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This manual is intended to give the user a complete command and operation reference for using the SAFT-UT utilities in the VMS environment. It augments two additional documents, the Guide to SAFT-UT Principles and Conventions and the Interface and Installation Guide. An understanding of the contents of the Guide to SAFT-UT Principles and Conventions is a recommended prerequisite to the use of the SAFT-UT utility programs.

Hall, T.E.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Time-resolved photoluminescence from self-assembled Ge(Si) islands in multilayer SiGe/Si and SiGe/SOI structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of a study of the spectral and temporal characteristics of the photoluminescence (PL) from multilayer structures with self-assembled Ge(Si) islands grown on silicon and 'silicon-on-insulator' substrates in relation to temperature and the excitation-light wavelength are presented. A substantial increase in island-related PL intensity is observed for structures with Ge(Si) islands grown on silicon substrates upon an increase in temperature from 4 to 70 K. This increase is due to the diffusion of nonequilibrium carriers from the silicon substrate into the active layer with the islands. In this case, a slow component with a characteristic time of {approx}100 ns appears in the PL rise kinetics. At the same time, no slow component in the PL rise kinetics and no rise in the PL intensity with increasing temperature are observed for structures grown on 'silicon-on-insulator' substrates, in which the active layer with the islands is insulated from the silicon substrate. It is found that absorption of the excitation light in the islands and SiGe wetting layers mainly contributes to the excitation of the PL signal from the islands under sub-bandgap optical pump conditions.

Yablonskiy, A. N., E-mail: yablonsk@ipm.sci-nnov.ru; Baidakova, N. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Novikov, A. V. [Lobachevskyi University of Nizhni Novgorod, Physical-Technical Research Institute (Russian Federation)] [Lobachevskyi University of Nizhni Novgorod, Physical-Technical Research Institute (Russian Federation); Lobanov, D. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

Cedar Creek Wind Farm II (GE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cedar Creek Wind Farm II (GE) Cedar Creek Wind Farm II (GE) Jump to: navigation, search Name Cedar Creek Wind Farm II (GE) Facility Cedar Creek II (GE) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner BP Wind Energy Developer BP Wind Energy Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Weld County CO Coordinates 40.868652°, -104.092398° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.868652,"lon":-104.092398,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

394

7-GeV Advanced Photon Source Conceptual Design Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past decade, synchrotron radiation emitted by circulating electron beams has come into wide use as a powerful, versatile source of x-rays for probing the structure of matter and for studying various physical processes. Several synchrotron radiation facilities with different designs and characteristics are now in regular operation throughout the world, with recent additions in this country being the 0.8-GeV and 2.5-GeV rings of NSLS at Brookhaven National Laboratory. However, none of the operating facilities has been designed to use a low-emittance, high-energy stored beam, together with modern undulator devices, to produce a large number of hard x-ray beams of extremely high brilliance. This document is a proposal to the Department of Energy to construct and operate high-energy synchrotron radiation facility at Argonne National Laboratory. We have now chosen to set the design energy of this facility at 7.0 GeV, with the capability to operate at up to 7.5 GeV.

Not Available

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

12 GeV detector technology at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) is presently in the middle of an upgrade to increase the energy of its CW electron beam from 6 GeV to 12 GeV along with the addition of a fourth experimental hall. Driven both by necessity and availability, novel detectors and electronics modules have been used in the upgrade. One such sensor is the Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM), specifically a Multi-Pixel Photon Counter (MPPC), which is an array of avalanche photodiode pixels operating in Geiger mode that are used to sense photons. The SiPMs replace conventional photomultiplier tubes and have several distinct advantages including the safe operation in a magnetic field and the lack of need for high voltage. Another key to 12 GeV success is advanced fast electronics. Jlab will use custom 250 MHz and 125 MHz 12-bit analog to digital converters (ADCs) and time to digital converters (TDCs) all of which take advantage of VME Switched Serial (VXS) bus with its GB/s high bandwidth readout capability. These new technologies will be used to readout drift chambers, calorimeters, spectrometers and other particle detectors at Jlab once the 12 GeV upgrade is complete. The largest experiment at Jlab utilizing these components is GlueX - an experiment in the newly constructed Hall D that will study the photoproduction of light mesons in the search for hybrid mesons. The performance of these components and their respective detectors will be presented.

Leckey, John P. [Indiana U.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

12 GeV detector technology at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) is presently in the middle of an upgrade to increase the energy of its CW electron beam from 6 GeV to 12 GeV along with the addition of a fourth experimental hall. Driven both by necessity and availability, novel detectors and electronics modules have been used in the upgrade. One such sensor is the Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM), specifically a Multi-Pixel Photon Counter (MPPC), which is an array of avalanche photodiode pixels operating in Geiger mode that are used to sense photons. The SiPMs replace conventional photomultiplier tubes and have several distinct advantages including the safe operation in a magnetic field and the lack of need for high voltage. Another key to 12 GeV success is advanced fast electronics. Jlab will use custom 250 MHz and 125 MHz 12-bit analog to digital converters (ADCs) and time to digital converters (TDCs) all of which take advantage of VME Switched Serial (VXS) bus with its GB/s high bandwidth readout capability. These new technologies will be used to readout drift chambers, calorimeters, spectrometers and other particle detectors at Jlab once the 12 GeV upgrade is complete. The largest experiment at Jlab utilizing these components is GlueX - an experiment in the newly constructed Hall D that will study the photoproduction of light mesons in the search for hybrid mesons. The performance of these components and their respective detectors will be presented.

Leckey, John P. [Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Collaboration: GlueX Collaboration

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

397

Charm Photoproduction Cross Section at 20 GeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Forty-seven charm events have been observed in an exposure of the SLAC Hybrid Facility bubble chamber to a 20-GeV backward-scattered laser beam. Thirty-seven events survive all the necessary cuts imposed. Based on this number the total charm cross section is calculated to be 63-28+33 nb.

K. Abe et al. ((Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Hybrid Facility Photon Collaboration))

1983-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

398

SiGeCSi superlattice microcoolers Xiaofeng Fan,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stabilization of microelectronic and optoelectronic devices. SiGeC can be lattice matched to Si and optoelectronic devices, but their pro- cessing is a bulk technology and is incompatible with inte- grated circuit fabrication process. Solid-state coolers mono- lithically integrated with microelectronic and optoelectronic

399

Radiation effects in Si-Ge quantum size structure (Review)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The article is dedicated to the review and analysis of the effects and processes occurring in Si-Ge quantum size semiconductor structures upon particle irradiation including ion implantation. Comparisons to bulk materials are drawn. The reasons of the enhanced radiation hardness of superlattices and quantum dots are elucidated. Some technological applications of the radiation treatment are reviewed.

Sobolev, N. A., E-mail: sobolev@ua.pt [Universidade de Aveiro, Departamento de Fisica and I3N (Portugal)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

APPENDIX Q RULE IMPACT STATEMENT Subchapter 2. Incorporation By Reference 252:100-2-3. Incorporation by reference [AMENDED] APPENDIX Q. INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE [REVOKED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reference, and Appendix Q, to update the federal regulations incorporated by reference. As required by the Administrative Rules on Rulemaking, the existing Appendix Q will be revoked and a new Appendix Q will be adopted. These proposals are part of the annual review of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR) incorporations by reference. 2. CLASSES OF PERSONS AFFECTED: The classes of persons affected are the owners and operators of facilities that are subject to the regulations incorporated by reference.

unknown authors

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Template:ReferenceForValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ReferenceForValue ReferenceForValue Jump to: navigation, search This is the ReferenceForValue template. It is used by forms to assign a references to values supplied in the form. This template will generate the additional form field necessary to collect the reference information for the provided form field. Parameters Fieldname - The name of the form field containing the value to be referenced. Note: Parameters can be called in numerical order, or using parameter name. Dependencies Widget:ShowRefFieldsButton - Necessary to toggle the display of the reference fields, which are hidden by default. Usage Use within a form construct like this: {{ReferenceForValue|MyField}} to create a field called "Reference for MyField" which will collect a reference and apply it to the form's template as |ReferenceForMyField=

402

Self-assembling of Ge quantum dots in the CaF2/Ge/CaF2/Si heteroepitaxial system and the development of tunnel-resonance diode on its basis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A CaF2/Ge/CaF2/Si(111) heteroepitaxial structure with Ge quantum dots was grown by molecular-beam ... , is 40–50 meV depending on the Ge dot size.

L. V. Sokolov; A. S. Deryabin; A. I. Yakimov…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Reference Radiation for Cosmic Rays in RBE Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When astronauts travel in space, they are exposed to high energy cosmic radiations. The cosmic ray spectrum contains very high energy particles, generally up to several GeV per nucleon. Currently NASA is funding research on the effects...

Feng, Shaoyong

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

404

The polygallides: Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} and YbGa{sub 4}Ge{sub2}.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} and YbGa{sub 4}Ge{sub 2} were obtained from reactions of Yb and Ge in excess liquid gallium. The crystal structure of Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} was refined using X-ray and neutron diffraction data on selected single crystals. Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with lattice constants a = 12.2261(20) {angstrom}, b = 10.7447(20) {angstrom}, c = 8.4754(17) {angstrom} and {beta} = 110.288(30){sup o} (neutron diffraction data). The crystal structure of Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} is an intergrowth of planar layers of YbGa{sub x}Ge{sub y} and puckered layers of (Ge)n. YbGa{sub 4}Ge{sub 2} crystallizes in a modified PuGa{sub 6} structure type in the tetragonal polar space group I4cm with lattice constants a = b = 5.9874(6) {angstrom} and c = 15.1178(19) {angstrom}. The structure of YbGa{sub 4}Ge{sub 2} is an intergrowth of puckered Ga layers and puckered Ga{sub x}Ge{sub y} layers with Yb atoms residing within the channels formed by the connection of the two layers. Physical properties, resistivity ({rho}), magnetic susceptibility ({chi}) and specific heat (C) were measured for Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3}. No magnetic ordering was observed. It was found that at low temperatures, {rho} varied as T{sup 2} and C{alpha}T, indicating Fermi-liquid regime in Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} at low temperatures.

Peter, S. C.; Malliakas, C. D.; Nakotte, H.; Kothapilli, K.; Rayaprol, S.; Schultz, A. J.; Kanatzidis, M. G. (Materials Science Division); ( XSD); (Northwestern Univ.); (Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Adv. Sci. Res.); (New Mexico State Univ.); (Los Alamos Nat. Lab.); (UGC-DAE Consortium for Sci. Res.)

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Recovery Act Helps GE in-source Manufacturing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Recovery Act Helps GE in-source Manufacturing Recovery Act Helps GE in-source Manufacturing Recovery Act Helps GE in-source Manufacturing September 30, 2010 - 2:21pm Addthis The Geospring Hybrid Water Heater will be produced at GE's Appliance Park in Louisville. | Photo courtesy of GE The Geospring Hybrid Water Heater will be produced at GE's Appliance Park in Louisville. | Photo courtesy of GE Lindsay Gsell GE has a long history in Louisville, Ky. The company's appliance and lighting facility in Louisville has been manufacturing appliances for more than 50 years. Like many facilities, it has seen its share of ups-and-downs. Now, after a tough couple of years, the "Appliance Park" facility is making a "manufacturing" comeback -- with the help of the Recovery Act. The plant retooling project, partially funded through a 48C Advanced Energy

406

TEE-0074 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

74 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting 74 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting TEE-0074 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by GE Appliances & Lighting (GE) seeking exception relief from the provision of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers (Refrigerator Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, GE asserts that the firm would suffer a gross inequity if required to adhere to the Refrigerator Efficiency Standards codified at 10 C.F.R. § 430.32. If GE's Application for Exception were granted, GE would receive exception relief from the energy efficiency standard applicable to a new

407

10 Years ON: From the Lab to the Real World in 10 Years | GE...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biofuels Research at GE's Brazil Technology Center 2-3-10-v Crowdsourcing Software Platform Wins Award 2-1-10-v-working-at-ge-research The Dirt on the Cleanroom...

408

Characterization of the properties for phase-change material GeSb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Te-free environmentally friendly GeSb phase-change material has been investigated. Eutectic Ge15Sb85...composition, which has a proper high crystallization temperature of 230°C, is a good candidate for the applic...

Yifeng Gu; Ting Zhang; Zhitang Song; Yanbo Liu; Bo Liu; Songlin Feng

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Large inherent optical gain from the direct gap transition of Ge thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent demonstration of Ge-on-Si diode lasers renews the interest in the unique carrier dynamics of Ge involving both direct (?) and indirect (L) valleys. Here, we report a large inherent direct gap optical gain ...

Wang, Xiaoxin

410

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous ge-sb-te films Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

times in GeSbTe films irradiated... commercial phase-change optical recording systems, such as those based on GeSbTe Ref. 3 or AglnSbTe,4 use... the crystalline and...

411

AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

412

Phase and Shape Evolutions of Ion Beam Synthesized Ge Based Nanostructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ion beam synthesized Ge nanocrystals," in Department of materials science and engineering:nanoscale engineering. In Chapter 5, ion beam and electronIon Beam Synthesized Ge Based Nanostructures by Swanee Shin Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering –

Shin, Swanee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

GE to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

GE urges the department engage in rulmaking to amend the clothes washer test procedure to reflect efficiency standards of large-capacity residential clothes washer machines. GE also urges the DOE...

414

EA-0389: Proposed 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, Illinois  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for construction and operation of a 6- to 7-GeV synchrotron radiation source known as the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source at DOE's Argonne...

415

Department of Energy Construction Safety Reference Guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOE has adopted the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1926 ``Safety and Health Regulations for Construction,`` and related parts of 29 CFR 1910, ``Occupational Safety and Health Standards.`` This nonmandatory reference guide is based on these OSHA regulations and, where appropriate, incorporates additional standards, codes, directives, and work practices that are recognized and accepted by DOE and the construction industry. It covers excavation, scaffolding, electricity, fire, signs/barricades, cranes/hoists/conveyors, hand and power tools, concrete/masonry, stairways/ladders, welding/cutting, motor vehicles/mechanical equipment, demolition, materials, blasting, steel erection, etc.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

1993 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report, which updates WHC-EP-0567, 1992 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary, (WHC 1992) forecasts the volumes of solid wastes to be generated or received at the US Department of Energy Hanford Site during the 30-year period from FY 1993 through FY 2022. The data used in this document were collected from Westinghouse Hanford Company forecasts as well as from surveys of waste generators at other US Department of Energy sites who are now shipping or plan to ship solid wastes to the Hanford Site for disposal. These wastes include low-level and low-level mixed waste, transuranic and transuranic mixed waste, and nonradioactive hazardous waste.

Valero, O.J.; Blackburn, C.L. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Kaae, P.S.; Armacost, L.L.; Garrett, S.M.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Molecular beam deposition of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} on p-Ge(001)/Ge{sub 0.95}Sn{sub 0.05} heterostructure and impact of a Ge-cap interfacial layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the molecular beam deposition of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} on Ge{sub 0.95}Sn{sub 0.05} surface with and without an ultra thin Ge cap layer in between. We first studied the atomic configuration of both Ge{sub 1-x}Sn{sub x} and Ge/Ge{sub 1-x}Sn{sub x} surfaces after deoxidation by reflection high-energy electron diffraction and resulted, respectively, in a c(4x2) and (2x1) surface reconstructions. After in situ deposition of an Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} high-{kappa} gate dielectric we evidenced using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy analyses that Sn diffusion was at the origin of high leakage current densities in the Ge{sub 1-x}Sn{sub x}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} gate stack. This damage could be avoided by inserting a thin 5-nm-thick Ge cap between the oxide and the Ge{sub 1-x}Sn{sub x} layer. Finally, metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors on the Ge capped sample showed well-behaved capacitance-voltage (C-V) characteristics with interface trap density (D{sub it}) in the range of 10{sup 12} eV{sup -1} cm{sup -2} in mid gap and higher close to the valence band edge.

Merckling, C.; Franquet, A.; Vincent, B.; Vandervorst, W.; Loo, R.; Caymax, M. [Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC vzw), Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Sun, X. [Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnelaan 200D, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Department of Electrical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8284 (United States); Shimura, Y.; Takeuchi, S.; Nakatsuka, O.; Zaima, S. [Department of Crystalline Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan)

2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

418

Sb surface segregation during epitaxial growth of SiGe heterostructures: The effects of Ge composition and biaxial stress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Antimony is the most widely used n-type dopant for Si molecular-beam epitaxy (MBE). However, because of surface segregation during growth, the control of doping profiles remains difficult. The case of Si/Si1-xGex heterostructures is complicated by the existence of stresses, which may affect both the thermodynamics and kinetics of segregation. In this study, we analyze the segregation of Sb resulting from the MBE growth of Si1-xGex/Si(100) heterostructures using secondary ion mass spectrometry as a function of (i) growth temperature (200 °C<~T°<~550 °C), (ii) germanium content (0<~x<~0.2), and (iii) stresses (compressively strained and relaxed layers). We show that Sb segregation: (i) increases with temperature, (ii) increases with Ge content in biaxially compressed layers, (iii) decreases with Ge content in relaxed layers. The temperature variation indicates that Sb surface segregation during growth is kinetically controlled. The contrasting behaviors observed as a function of Ge content in stressed and relaxed layers can thus be explained by a decrease of the segregation enthalpy induced by Ge addition and an increase of near-surface diffusion in stressed layers.

A. Portavoce; I. Berbezier; P. Gas; A. Ronda

2004-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

169Tm Mössbauer investigation of the compounds TmFe2Ge2 and TmCu2Ge2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temperature-dependent169Tm Mössbauer measurements are reported for the ternary intermetallic compounds TmT2Ge2 (T=Fe, Cu). Based on comparison with results for their TmT2Si2 counterparts, it is verified that the ...

G. A. Stewart; P. W. Thompson; J. M. Cadogan; Hong-Shuo Li

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Event-by-event hexb pt hexb fluctuations in Au-Au collisions atsqrt(sNN) = 130 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first large-acceptance measurement of event-wise fluctuations in Au-Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 130 GeV. Significant nonstatistical fluctuations are observed. The measured fractional r.m.s. width excess of the event-wise distribution for the 15% most-central events for charged hadrons within |{eta}| < 1 and 0.15 {le} p{sub t} {le} 2 GeV/c is 13.7 {+-} 0.1(stat) {+-}1.3(syst)% relative to a statistical reference. The variation of charge-independent fluctuation excess with centrality is non-monotonic but smooth. Charge-dependent nonstatistical fluctuations are also observed.

Adams, J.; Adler, C.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, B.D.; Anderson, M; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Badyal,S.K.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele,S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, B.I.; Bhardwaj,S.; Bhaskar, P.; Bhati, A.K.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, C.O.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.; Bravar,A.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai, X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de la Barca Sanchez,M.; Carroll, J.; Castillo, J.; Castro, M.; Cebra, D.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, Y.; Chernenko, S.P.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, B.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford, H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dubey, A.K.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Efimov,L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Faine, V.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi, R.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Flierl, D.; Foley, K.J.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Ganti, M.S.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Gagunashvili, N.; Gans, J.; Gaudichet, L.; Germain, M.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez, J.E.; Grachov, O.; Grigoriev, V.; Cronstal, S.; Grosnick, D.; Guedon, M.; Guertin, S.M.; Gupta, A.; Gushin, E.; Hallman, T.J.; Hardtke, D.; Harris,J.W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Heppelmann, S.; Herston, T.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Horsley, M.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang,S.L.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Janik, M.; Johnson, I.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kaneta, M.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klay, J.; Klein, S.R.; Klyachko, A.; Koetke, D.D.; Kollegger, T.; Konstantinov, A.S.; Kopytine,S.M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kovalenko, A.D.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger,K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A.I.; Kumar, A.; et al.

2003-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Atomic structure of amorphous and crystallized Ge{sub 15}Sb{sub 85}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ge{sub 15}Sb{sub 85} is a promising material for phase-change memory applications owing to its very short crystallization times. As deposited amorphous samples of sputter deposited Ge{sub 15}Sb{sub 85} have been investigated by extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements on both, Sb and Ge K absorption edges. After crystallizing the specimen, x-ray diffraction (XRD) and EXAFS measurements have been performed to analyze the atomic structure at different annealing conditions. Thus, experimental techniques focusing on the long range order as well as on the local order have been combined. Sb atoms have on average 3.2(2) nearest neighbors, while Ge atoms have 4.0(3). The Ge-Ge and Ge-Sb bond lengths are determined to 2.46(2) and 2.66(1) A, respectively and agree well with those observed in the amorphous phase of the common phase-change material Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5}. After crystallizing the sample at 250 deg. C, very different EXAFS spectra with modified Ge-Sb bond lengths are observed. The higher concentration of Ge neighbors at the Ge edge as compared to the as-deposited sample is indicative for phase separation. For the corresponding sample, XRD does not show reflections of Ge, which indicates that the agglomeration of Ge is amorphous or below the coherence length of the x-radiation. The EXAFS spectrum shows a superposition of two phases: one with bond lengths which agree with sp{sup 3}-hybridized Ge [2.43(1) A] and another one with longer Ge-Ge bond lengths [2.79(8) A]. This result can be explained by phase separation in the material.

Zalden, Peter; Eijk, Julia van; Wuttig, Matthias [I. Physikalisches Institut (IA), RWTH Aachen, 52056 Aachen (Germany); Bichara, Christophe [CiNaM-Centre Interdisciplinaire de Nanoscience de Marseille, Campus de Luminy, 13288 Marseille (France); Braun, Carolin; Bensch, Wolfgang [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Universitaet Kiel, Max-Eyth Str. 2, 24118 Kiel (Germany)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

Generic Argillite/Shale Disposal Reference Case  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radioactive waste disposal in a deep subsurface repository hosted in clay/shale/argillite is a subject of widespread interest given the desirable isolation properties, geochemically reduced conditions, and widespread geologic occurrence of this rock type (Hansen 2010; Bianchi et al. 2013). Bianchi et al. (2013) provides a description of diffusion in a clay-hosted repository based on single-phase flow and full saturation using parametric data from documented studies in Europe (e.g., ANDRA 2005). The predominance of diffusive transport and sorption phenomena in this clay media are key attributes to impede radionuclide mobility making clay rock formations target sites for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The reports by Hansen et al. (2010) and those from numerous studies in clay-hosted underground research laboratories (URLs) in Belgium, France and Switzerland outline the extensive scientific knowledge obtained to assess long-term clay/shale/argillite repository isolation performance of nuclear waste. In the past several years under the UFDC, various kinds of models have been developed for argillite repository to demonstrate the model capability, understand the spatial and temporal alteration of the repository, and evaluate different scenarios. These models include the coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical (THM) and Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) models (e.g. Liu et al. 2013; Rutqvist et al. 2014a, Zheng et al. 2014a) that focus on THMC processes in the Engineered Barrier System (EBS) bentonite and argillite host hock, the large scale hydrogeologic model (Bianchi et al. 2014) that investigates the hydraulic connection between an emplacement drift and surrounding hydrogeological units, and Disposal Systems Evaluation Framework (DSEF) models (Greenberg et al. 2013) that evaluate thermal evolution in the host rock approximated as a thermal conduction process to facilitate the analysis of design options. However, the assumptions and the properties (parameters) used in these models are different, which not only make inter-model comparisons difficult, but also compromise the applicability of the lessons learned from one model to another model. The establishment of a reference case would therefore be helpful to set up a baseline for model development. A generic salt repository reference case was developed in Freeze et al. (2013) and the generic argillite repository reference case is presented in this report. The definition of a reference case requires the characterization of the waste inventory, waste form, waste package, repository layout, EBS backfill, host rock, and biosphere. This report mainly documents the processes in EBS bentonite and host rock that are potentially important for performance assessment and properties that are needed to describe these processes, with brief description other components such as waste inventory, waste form, waste package, repository layout, aquifer, and biosphere. A thorough description of the generic argillite repository reference case will be given in Jové Colon et al. (2014).

Zheng, Liange; Jov& #233; Colon, Carlos; Bianchi, Marco; Birkholzer, Jens

2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

423

physica status solidi, 19 June 2012 Amorphous structures of Ge/Sb/Te  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

physica status solidi, 19 June 2012 Amorphous structures of Ge/Sb/Te alloys: Density functional functional simulations, Ge/Sb/Te alloys. Corresponding author: e-mail r.jones@fz-juelich.de, Phone: +49 discussed the alloy As30Ge10Si12Te48, and Te-based alloys have been well represented ever since. Alloys

424

Superlattice-like Ge8Sb92/Ge thin films for high speed and low power consumption phase change memory application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The amorphous-to-crystalline transitions of superlattice-like Ge8Sb92/Ge thin films were investigated through in situ film resistance measurement. X-ray reflectivity was used to measure the density change before and after phase change. The superlattice-like structure of the thin films was confirmed by using transmission electron microscopy. A picosecond laser pump–probe system was used to study the phase change speed. Phase change memory cells based on the SLL [Ge8Sb92(4 nm)/Ge(3 nm)]7 thin films were fabricated to test and verify the switching speed and operation consumption.

Yifeng Hu; Xiaoyi Feng; Jiwei Zhai; Ting Wen; Tianshu Lai; Sannian Song; Zhitang Song

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) March 5, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Electric Lighting Solutions manufactured and distributed noncompliant traffic signal modules in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) More Documents & Publications Watermark: Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2908) Act One: NPCP (2013-CE-49001)

426

Capricorn Ridge (GE Energy) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy) Wind Farm Energy) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Capricorn Ridge (GE Energy) Wind Farm Facility Capricorn Ridge (GE Energy) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer NextEra Energy Resources Location TX Coordinates 31.838061°, -100.923965° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.838061,"lon":-100.923965,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

427

Dynamics of growth roughening and smoothening on Ge (001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present reflection high-energy electron diffraction measurements of the evolution of surface morphology during molecular-beam epitaxy of Ge on Ge(001) and subsequent annealing. We find that there is a critical ''kinetic roughening'' temperature (375 /sup 0/C) above which a smooth surface remains smooth during growth, but below which it roughens during growth. Surprisingly, smooth starting surfaces never appear to roughen without bound, but reach steady-state roughnesses which depend on temperature and deposition rate. The results can be fit empirically with simple phenomenological equations based on a competition between growth roughening and growth smoothening of a ''pseudo-statistical'' surface. Furthermore, growth-roughened surfaces tend to smoothen, after growth, at a rate consistent with a third-order power-law ripening mechanism.

Chason, E.; Tsao, J.Y.; Horn, K.M.; Picraux, S.T.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Dynamics of growth roughening and smoothening on Ge (001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present reflection high-energy electron diffraction measurements of the evolution of surface morphology during molecular beam epitaxy of Ge on Ge (001) and subsequent annealing. We find that there is a critical ''growth roughening'' temperature (375 C) above which a smooth surface remains smooth during growth, but below which it roughens during growth. Surprisingly, smooth starting surfaces never appear to roughen without bound, but reach steady-state roughnesses which depend on temperature and deposition rate. The results can be fit empirically with simple phenomenological equations based on a competition between growth roughening and growth smoothening of a ''pseudo-statistical'' surface. Furthermore, growth-roughened surfaces tend to smoothen, after growth, at a rate consistent with an Ostwald-like ripening mechanism. 4 figs.

Chason, E.; Tsao, J.Y.; Horn, K.M.; Picraux, S.T.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Proton-proton Scattering Above 3 GeV/c  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A large set of data on proton-proton differential cross sections, analyzing powers and the double-polarization parameter A{sub NN} is analyzed employing the Regge formalism. We find that the data available at proton beam momenta from 3 GeV/c to 50 GeV/c exhibit features that are very well in line with the general characteristics of Regge phenomenology and can be described with a model that includes the {rho}, {omega}, f{sub 2}, and a{sub 2} trajectories and single-Pomeron exchange. Additional data, specifically for spin-dependent observables at forward angles, would be very helpful for testing and refining our Regge model.

A. Sibirtsev, J. Haidenbauer, H.-W. Hammer S. Krewald ,Ulf-G. Meissner

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Meson Spectroscopy at JLab@12 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Meson, being the simplest hadronic bound system, is the ideal "laboratory" to study the interaction between quarks, to understand the role of the gluons inside hadrons and to investigate the origin of color confinement. To perform such studies it is important to measure the meson spectrum, with precise determination of resonance masses and properties, looking for rare qbar q states and for unconventional mesons with exotic quantum numbers (i.e. mesons with quantum numbers that are not compatible with a qbar q structure). With the imminent advent of the 12 GeV upgrade of Jefferson Lab a new generation of meson spectroscopy experiments will start: "Meson-Ex" in Hall B and "GLUEX" in Hall D. Both will use photo-production to explore the spectrum of mesons in the light-quark sector, in the energy range of few GeVs.

Celentano, Andrea [INFN-GENOVA

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Inclusive photoproduction of strange baryons at 20 GeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cross sections are presented for the inclusive photoproduction of KS0, ?, ?¯, ?-, ?¯ -, ?0, and ?*±(1385) at 20 GeV. An upper limit to ?- production is also given. The data come from 284 000 hadronic events photoproduced in the SLAC 1-m hydrogen-bubble-chamber hybrid facility exposed to a nearly monochromatic, polarized 20-GeV backscattered photon beam. A comparison of the KS0, ?, ?¯, and ?- rates per inelastic event to ?±p data show that ?p rates are consistent with being higher than the ?±p rates, providing evidence of an ss¯ component of the photon. The pair cross sections for KS0KS0, KS0?, KSo?¯, and ??¯ are presented. The xF distributions of the ?, ?¯, and ?- are compared to a quark-diquark fusion model, giving information on strange-baryon photoproduction mechanisms.

K. Abe et al.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Ge/Si core/multi shell heterostructure FETs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concentric heterostructured materials provide numerous design opportunities for engineering strain and interfaces, as well as tailoring energy band-edge combinations for optimal device performance. Key to the realization of such novel device concepts is the complete understanding and full control over their growth, crystal structure, and hetero-epitaxy. We report here on a new route for synthesizing Ge/Si core/multi-shell heterostructure nanowires that eliminate Au seed diffusion on the nanowire sidewalls by engineering the interface energy density difference. We show that such control over core/shell synthesis enable experimental realization of heterostructure FET devices beyond those available in the literature with enhanced transport characteristics. We provide a side-by-side comparison on the transport properties of Ge/Si core/multi-shell nanowires grown with and without Au diffusion and demonstrate heterostructure FETs with drive currents that are {approx} 2X higher than record results for p-type FETs.

Picraux, Samuel T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dayeh, Shadi A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Structure of odd Ge isotopes with 40 < N < 50  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have interpreted recentlymeasured experimental data of {sup 77}Ge, and also for {sup 73,75,79,81}Ge isotopes in terms of state-of-the-art shell-model calculations. Excitation energies, B(2) values, quadrupole moments and magnetic moments are compared with experimental data when available. The calculations have been performed with the recently derived interactions, namely with JUN45 and jj44b for f{sub 5/2pg9/2} space. We have also performed calculation for fpg{sub 9/2} valence space using an fpg effective interaction with {sup 48}Ca core and imposing a truncation to study the importance of the proton excitations across the Z = 28 shell in this region. The predicted results of jj44b interaction are in good agreement with experimental data.

Srivastava, P. C., E-mail: praveen.srivastava@nucleares.unam.mx; Ermamatov, M. J. [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares (Mexico)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Evaporation-based Ge/.sup.68 Ga Separation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Micro concentrations of .sup.68 Ga in secular equilibrium with .sup.68 Ge in strong aqueous HCl solution may readily be separated in ionic form from the .sup.68 Ge for biomedical use by evaporating the solution to dryness and then leaching the .sup.68 Ga from the container walls with dilute aqueous solutions of HCl or NaCl. The chloro-germanide produced during the evaporation may be quantitatively recovered to be used again as a source of .sup.68 Ga. If the solution is distilled to remove any oxidizing agents which may be present as impurities, the separation factor may easily exceed 10.sup.5. The separation is easily completed and the .sup.68 Ga made available in ionic form in 30 minutes or less.

Mirzadeh, Saed (Albuquerque, NM); Whipple, Richard E. (Los Alamos, NM); Grant, Patrick M. (Los Alamos, NM); O'Brien, Jr., Harold A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Partners for progress in HVDC: GE and EPRI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the first solid-state HVDC system was installed at Eel River in 1971, there have been enormous strides in component capability and control algorithm sophistication. Benefits include reduction in cost and power losses, smaller size and improved system stability - all achieved with the same high reliability. These improvements have been achieved through development programs which required a commitment of considerable resources made possible because GE considers HVDC an important area of growth and because EPRI has consistently supported HVDC projects. Some developments from the GE-EPRI partnership for progress in HVDC technology are already being offered and others are in the process of commercialization. These on-going programs assure that future improvements will continue to make HVDC a more attractive alternative for meeting the utility industry's needs.

Damsky, B.L. (HVDC Projects Operation, Collingdale, PA); Ladden, J.M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Center for Strategic and International Studies Center for Strategic and International Studies Howard Gruenspecht, Acting Administrator September 19, 2011 | Washington, DC International Energy Outlook 2011 Key findings in the IEO2011 Reference case 2 Howard Gruenspecht CSIS, September 19, 2011 * World energy consumption increases by 53% between 2008 and 2035 with half of the increase attributed to China and India * Renewables are the world's fastest-growing energy source, at 2.8% per year; renewables share of world energy grows to roughly 15% in 2035 * Fossil fuels continue to supply almost 80% of world energy use in 2035 * Liquid fuels remain the largest energy source worldwide through 2035, but the oil share of total energy declines to 28% in 2035, as sustained high oil prices dampen demand and encourage fuel

437

ACAA fly ash basics: quick reference card  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fly ash is a fine powdery material created when coal is burned to generate electricity. Before escaping into the environment via the utility stacks, the ash is collected and may be stored for beneficial uses or disposed of, if necessary. The use of fly ash provides environmental benefits, such as the conservation of natural resources, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and eliminating the needed for ash disposal in landfills. It is also a valuable mineral resource that is used in construction and manufacturing. Fly ash is used in the production of Portland cement, concrete, mortars and stuccos, manufactured aggregates along with various agricultural applications. As mineral filler, fly ash can be used for paints, shingles, carpet backing, plastics, metal castings and other purposes. This quick reference card is intended to provide the reader basic source, identification and composition, information specifically related to fly ash.

NONE

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (GE Energy) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (GE Energy) Jump to: navigation, search Name Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (GE Energy) Facility Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (GE Energy) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner First Wind Developer First Wind Energy Purchaser Southern California Public Power Authority Location Milford UT Coordinates 38.52227°, -112.935262° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.52227,"lon":-112.935262,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

439

GeV emission from Gamma-Ray Burst afterglows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the GeV afterglow emission expected from a few mechanisms related to GRBs and their afterglows. Given the brightness of the early X-ray afterglow emission measured by Swift/XRT, GLAST/LAT should detect the self-Compton emission from the forward-shock driven by the GRB ejecta into the circumburst medium. Novel features discovered by Swift in X-ray afterglows (plateaus and chromatic light-curve breaks) indicate the existence of a pair-enriched, relativistic outflow located behind the forward shock. Bulk and inverse-Compton upscattering of the prompt GRB emission by such outflows provide another source of GeV afterglow emission detectable by LAT. The large-angle burst emission and synchrotron forward-shock emission are, most likely, too dim at high photon energy to be observed by LAT. The spectral slope of the high-energy afterglow emission and its decay rate (if it can be measured) allow the identification of the mechanism producing the GeV transient emission following GRBs.

A. Panaitescu

2008-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

440

Axial Ge/Si nanowire heterostructure tunnel FETs.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Axial Ge/Si heterostructure nanowires (NWs) allow energy band-edge engineering along the axis of the NW, which is the charge transport direction, and the realization of asymmetric devices for novel device architectures. This work reports on two significant advances in the area of heterostructure NWs and tunnel FETs: (i) the realization of 100% compositionally modulated Si/Ge axial heterostructure NWs with lengths suitable for device fabrication and (ii) the design and implementation of Schottky barrier tunnel FETs on these NWs for high-on currents and suppressed ambipolar behavior. Initial prototype devices with 10 nm PECVD SiN{sub x} gate dielectric resulted in a very high current drive in excess of 100 {micro}A/{micro}m (I/{pi}D) and 10{sup 5} I{sub on}/I{sub off} ratios. Prior work on the synthesis of Ge/Si axial NW heterostructures through the VLS mechanism have resulted in axial Si/Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x} NW heterostructures with x{sub max} {approx} 0.3, and more recently 100% composition modulation was achieved with a solid growth catalyst. In this latter case, the thickness of the heterostructure cannot exceed few atomic layers due to the slow axial growth rate and concurrent radial deposition on the NW sidewalls leading to a mixture of axial and radial deposition, which imposes a big challenge for fabricating useful devices form these NWs in the near future. Here, we report the VLS growth of 100% doping and composition modulated axial Ge/Si heterostructure NWs with lengths appropriate for device fabrication by devising a growth procedure that eliminates Au diffusion on the NW sidewalls and minimizes random kinking in the heterostructure NWs as deduced from detailed microscopy analysis. Fig. 1 a shows a cross-sectional SEM image of epitaxial Ge/Si axial NW heterostructures grown on a Ge(111) surface. The interface abruptness in these Ge/Si heterostructure NWs is of the order of the NW diameter. Some of these NWs develop a crystallographic kink that is {approx}20{sup o} off the <111> axis at about 300 nm away from the Ge/Si interface. This provides a natural marker for placing the gate contact electrodes and gate metal at appropriate location for desired high-on current and reduced ambipolarity as shown in Fig. 2. The 1D heterostructures allow band-edge engineering in the transport direction, not easily accessible in planar devices, providing an additional degree of freedom for designing tunnel FETs (TFETs). For instance, a Ge tunnel source can be used for efficient electron/hole tunneling and a Si drain can be used for reduced back-tunneling and ambipolar behavior. Interface abruptness on the other hand (particularly for doping) imposes challenges in these structures and others for realizing high performance TFETs in p-i-n junctions. Since the metal-semiconductor contacts provide a sharp interface with band-edge control, we use properly designed Schottky contacts (aided by 3D Silvaco simulations) as the tunnel barriers both at the source and drain and utilize the asymmetry in the Ge/Si channel bandgap to reduce ambipolar transport behavior generally observed in TFETs. Fig. 3 shows the room-temperature transfer curves of a Ge/Si heterostructure TFET (H-TFET) for different V{sub DS} values showing a maximum on-current of {approx}7 {micro}A, {approx}170 mV/decade inverse subthreshold slope and 5 orders of magnitude I{sub on}/I{sub off} ratios for all V{sub DS} biases considered here. This high on-current value is {approx}1750 X higher than that obtained with Si p-i-n{sup +} NW TFETs and {approx}35 X higher than that obtained with CNT TFET. The I{sub on}/I{sub off} ratio and inverse subthreshold slope compare favorably to that of Si {approx} 10{sup 3} I{sub on}/I{sub off} and {approx} 800 mV/decade SS{sup -1} but lags behind those of CNT TFET due to poor PECVD nitride gate oxide quality ({var_epsilon}{sub r} {approx} 3-4). The asymmetry in the Schottky barrier heights used here eliminates the stringent requirements of abrupt doped interfaces used in p-i-n based TFETs, which is hard to achieve both in thin-film and

Dayeh, Shadi A. (Los Alamos National Laboratory); Gin, Aaron V.; Huang, Jian Yu; Picraux, Samuel Thomas (Los Alamos National Laboratory)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference[1] Resources Design of a Monitoring and Evaluation Plan Audit of Solar Home Systems Project Mid-term Review Panel for Solar Home Systems Project Socio-Economic Survey of the Photovoltaic Pilot Project References ↑ "Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Renewable_Energy_Monitoring_Evaluation_Terms_of_Reference&oldid=329154"

442

EIA - Reference Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tables (1990-2030) Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, Reference Case Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Reference Case Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

443

FAQS Reference Guide - Aviation Safety Officer | Department of...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Safety Officer FAQS Reference Guide - Aviation Safety Officer This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1164-2003 Chg 1,...

444

Enhanced Ge/Si(001) island areal density and self-organization due to P predeposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The predeposition of P, with coverages {theta}{sub P} ranging from 0 to 1 ML, on Si(001) significantly increases both the areal density and spatial self-organization of Ge islands grown by gas-source molecular beam epitaxy from hydride precursors. The Ge island density {rho}{sub Ge} initially increases with {theta}{sub P}, reaching a maximum of 1.4 x 10{sup 10} cm{sup -2} at {theta}{sub P} = 0.7 ML, a factor of four times higher than on bare Si(001) under the same deposition conditions, before decreasing at higher P coverages. The increase in {rho}{sub Ge}({theta}{sub P}) is due to a corresponding decrease in Ge adatom mean free paths resulting from passivation of surface dangling bonds by adsorbed pentavalent P atoms which, in addition, leads to surface roughening and, therefore, higher Ge coverages at constant Ge{sub 2}H{sub 6} dose. As {theta}{sub P} (and hence, {rho}{sub Ge}) increases, so does the degree of Ge island ordering along <100> directions due to the anisotropic strain field surrounding individual islands. Similar results are obtained for Ge island growth on P-doped Si(001) layers where strong P surface segregation provides partial monolayer coverage prior to Ge deposition.

Cho, B.; Bareno, J.; Petrov, I.; Greene, J. E. [Materials Science Department and the Frederick-Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, 104 South Goodwin Ave., Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Aqueous germanate ion solution promoted synthesis of worm-like crystallized Ge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work demonstrates that it is possible to synthesize crystallized Ge nanostructures directly in an aqueous medium under ambient conditions by using widely available GeO2 (in the form of germanate ions) as a precursor. The reaction of germanate ions with NaBH4 in an aqueous medium resulted in highly hydrogenated Ge that could be transformed into crystallized Ge after an air-drying treatment. The NaBH4/GeO2 molar ratio, reaction time and drying temperature were optimized for the synthesis of crystallized Ge products. Furthermore, the reaction time has an influence on the size and shape of the final crystallized Ge products. A reaction time of 12 h could result in crystallized Ge powder samples that contain ultra-small (5–20 nm) particles and larger (50–100 nm) particles. By controlling the reaction time to 24 h, a Ge powder product consisting of worm-like crystallized Ge nanostructures with diameters of 10–80 nm and lengths up to 1000 nm was obtained. The possible reaction and growth mechanisms involved in this method were investigated. This new synthetic route may be a good candidate for synthesizing a wide variety of crystallized Ge nanomaterials and devices due to its low cost, low safety risk, facileness, high yield (above 70% and in gram scale) and convenience for adding other chemicals (i.e. dopants or morphology modifying agents) into the reaction system.

Chengbin Jing; Xiaodan Zang; Wei Bai; Junhao Chu; Aiyun Liu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Reference A. Khosla, N. Jayadevaprakash, B. Yao and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

similar appearance Reference image: Chihuahua Chihuahua Chihuahua Chihuahua Whippet Toy Terrier West Highland Terrier Different Appearance Chihuahua Toy Terrier

Oliva, Aude

447

C Reference Card (ANSI) Program Structure/Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C Reference Card (ANSI) Program Structure/Functions type fnc(type1,. . . ) function declarations: statement } ANSI Standard Libraries

Glykos, Nikolaos

448

Inclusive lepton production in hadronic events from e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation at 29 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the production rates of prompt electrons and muons in hadronic events from e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation at 29 GeV. The inclusive rate per hadronic event for leptons with total momenta greater than 2 GeV/c is determined to be (0.033 +- 0.003 +- 0.012) for electrons and (0.037 +- 0.005 +- 0.008) for muons. We measure the longitudinal and transverse momentum spectra of these leptons. The harder transverse momentum spectrum of leptons from bottom and charm quark relative to charm decays allows us to separate the bottom and charm quark contributions to the prompt lepton signal. The longitudinal momentum distributions allow us to study the fragmentation properties of these heavy quarks. For charm quarks we find average semileptonic branching ratios of (6.4 +- 1.3 +- 2.8)% into electrons and (8.1 +- 1.6 +- 1.8)% into muons. For bottom quarks we find average branching ratios of (12.9 +- 2.5 +- 2.0)% into electrons and (12.2 +- 5.0 +- 3.0)% into muons. The fragmentation function for bottom quarks is determined to be peaked at large z with /sub b/ approx. = 0.75. 46 references.

Nelson, M.E.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Observation of a Charged Charmoniumlike Structure in e+e-??+?-J/? at ?s=4.26??GeV  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We study the process e+e???+??J/? at a center-of-mass energy of 4.260 GeV using a 525??pb?1 data sample collected with the BESIII detector operating at the Beijing Electron Positron Collider. The Born cross section is measured to be (62.9±1.9±3.7)??pb, consistent with the production of the Y(4260). We observe a structure at around 3.9??GeV/c2 in the ?±J/? mass spectrum, which we refer to as the Zc(3900). If interpreted as a new particle, it is unusual in that it carries an electric charge and couples to charmonium. A fit to the ?±J/? invariant mass spectrum, neglecting interference, results in a mass of (3899.0±3.6±4.9)??MeV/c2 and a width of (46±10±20)??MeV. Its production ratio is measured to be R=(?(e+e???±Zc(3900)???+??J/?)/?(e+e???+??J/?))=(21.5±3.3±7.5)%. In all measurements the first errors are statistical and the second are systematic.

Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; Ai, X. C.; Albayrak, O.; Ambrose, D. J.; An, F. F.; An, Q.; Bai, J. Z.; Baldini Ferroli, R.; Ban, Y.; Becker, J.; Bennett, J. V.; Bertani, M.; Bian, J. M.; Boger, E.; Bondarenko, O.; Boyko, I.; Briere, R. A.; Bytev, V.; Cai, H.; Cai, X.; Cakir, O.; Calcaterra, A.; Cao, G. F.; Cetin, S. A.; Chang, J. F.; Chelkov, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, M. L.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, X.; Chen, Y. B.; Cheng, H. P.; Chu, Y. P.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, J. P.; Dedovich, D.; Deng, Z. Y.; Denig, A.; Denysenko, I.; Destefanis, M.; Ding, W. M.; Ding, Y.; Dong, L. Y.; Dong, M. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Fava, L.; Feng, C. Q.; Friedel, P.; Fu, C. D.; Fu, J. L.; Fuks, O.; Gao, Q.; Gao, Y.; Geng, C.; Goetzen, K.; Gong, W. X.; Gradl, W.; Greco, M.; Gu, M. H.; Gu, Y. T.; Guan, Y. H.; Guo, A. Q.; Guo, L. B.; Guo, T.; Guo, Y. P.; Han, Y. L.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; He, Z. Y.; Held, T.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, Z. L.; Hu, C.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, J. F.; Hu, T.; Huang, G. M.; Huang, G. S.; Huang, J. S.; Huang, L.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y.; Huang, Y. P.; Hussain, T.; Ji, C. S.; Ji, Q.; Ji, Q. P.; Ji, X. B.; Ji, X. L.; Jiang, L. L.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiao, J. B.; Jiao, Z.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Jing, F. F.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Kopf, B.; Kornicer, M.; Kühn, W.; Lai, W.; Lange, J. S.; Lara, M.; Larin, P.; Leyhe, M.; Li, C. H.; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D. M.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J. C.; Li, K.; Li, Lei; Li, Q. J.; Li, S. L.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, X. R.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Liang, Y. F.; Liang, Y. T.; Liao, G. R.; Liao, X. T.; Lin, D.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. L.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, F. H.; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H.; Liu, H. B.; Liu, H. H.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, H. W.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, K.; Liu, K. Y.; Liu, Kai; Liu, P. L.; Liu, Q.; Liu, S. B.; Liu, X.; Liu, Y. B.; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H.; Lou, X. C.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, H. J.; Lu, J. G.; Lu, Q. W.; Lu, X. R.; Lu, Y. P.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, M. X.; Luo, T.; Luo, X. L.; Lv, M.; Ma, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, S.; Ma, T.; Ma, X. Y.; Maas, F. E.; Maggiora, M.; Malik, Q. A.; Mao, Y. J.; Mao, Z. P.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Min, J.; Min, T. J.; Mitchell, R. E.; Mo, X. H.; Mo, Y. J.; Moeini, H.; Morales Morales, C.; Moriya, K.; Muchnoi, N. Yu.; Muramatsu, H.; Nefedov, Y.; Nicholson, C.; Nikolaev, I. B.; Ning, Z.; Olsen, S. L.; Ouyang, Q.; Pacetti, S.; Park, J. W.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peng, H. P.; Peters, K.; Ping, J. L.; Ping, R. G.; Poling, R.; Prencipe, E.; Qi, M.; Qian, S.; Qiao, C. F.; Qin, L. Q.; Qin, X. S.; Qin, Y.; Qin, Z. H.; Qiu, J. F.; Rashid, K. H.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Sarantsev, A.; Schaefer, B. D.; Shao, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Shepherd, M. R.; Song, W. M.; Song, X. Y.; Spataro, S.; Spruck, B.; Sun, D. H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. F.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, Y. J.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Sun, Z. T.; Tang, C. J.; Tang, X.; Tapan, I.; Thorndike, E. H.; Toth, D.; Ullrich, M.; Uman, I.; Varner, G. S.; Wang, B. Q.; Wang, D.; Wang, D. Y.; Wang, K.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, Q. J.; Wang, S. G.; Wang, X. F.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y. D.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Y. Q.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. G.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wei, D. H.; Wei, J. B.; Weidenkaff, P.; Wen, Q. G.; Wen, S. P.; Werner, M.; Wiedner, U.; Wu, L. H.; Wu, N.; Wu, S. X.; Wu, W.; Wu, Z.; Xia, L. G.; Xia, Y. X.; Xiao, Z. J.; Xie, Y. G.; Xiu, Q. L.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, G. M.; Xu, Q. J.; Xu, Q. N.; Xu, X. P.; Xu, Z. R.; Xue, F.; Xue, Z.; Yan, L.; Yan, W. B.; Yan, Y. H.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, H.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Yu, B. X.; Yu, C. X.; Yu, H. W.; Yu, J. S.; Yu, S. P.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, Y.; Zafar, A. A.; Zallo, A.; Zang, S. L.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J. Q.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang, LiLi; Zhang, R.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, X. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhang, Zhenghao; Zhao, G.; Zhao, H. S.; Zhao, J. W.; Zhao, K. X.; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, Q.; Zhao, S. J.; Zhao, T. C.; Zhao, X. H.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zhemchugov, A.; Zheng, B.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, Y. H.; Zhong, B.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, X.; Zhou, X. K.; Zhou, X. R.; Zhu, C.; Zhu, K.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, S. H.; Zhu, X. L.; Zhu, Y. C.; Zhu, Y. M.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, J.; Zou, B. S.; Zou, J. H.; BESIII Collaboration

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Search for the associated production of charmed baryon and meson states by a 9.3-GeV photon beam  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report a search for narrow (? 15 MeV) resonances decaying into one strange particle and other hadrons, and produced in 9.3-GeV ?p interactions in the SLAC-LBL 82-in. bubble chamber. A search for the exclusive reactions ?p?B++M- (?p?B+M0), where B and M refer to narrow baryon and meson resonances decaying into any of a large number of specific channels, yielded upper limits at the 95% confidence level of 110 nb (120 nb). An independent search for the inclusive production of narrow states decaying into a ? or K0 with charged pions was made, also with negative results.

D. J. Quinn and R. H. Milburn

1976-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Generating and Interpreting Referring Expressions in Dustin Arthur Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generating and Interpreting Referring Expressions in Context by Dustin Arthur Smith B.S., Wake Referring Expressions in Context by Dustin Arthur Smith Submitted to the Program of Media Arts and Sciences, MIT Media Lab #12;Generating and Interpreting Referring Expressions in Context by Dustin Arthur Smith

452

On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams Rodrigo Fonseca Virg´ilio Almeida in the study of Web reference streams: sequences of requests for Web objects. In particular, many studies have into the nature of reference stream transformations in the Web. I. INTRODUCTION Considerable effort has gone

Keinan, Alon

453

RECENT REFERENCES: JANUARY 1, 2005 TO DECEMBER 31, 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document lists experimental references added to Nuclear Science References (NSR) during the period January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2005. The first section lists keynumbers and keywords sorted by mass and nuclide. The second section lists all references, ordered by keynumber.

WINCHELL, D.F.

2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

454

Band-structure calculations for Ba6Ge25 and Ba4Na2Ge25 clathrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electronic band structures for Ba6Ge25 and Ba4Na2Ge25 clathrates are calculated using linear muffin-tin orbital method within the local-density approximation. It is found that barium states strongly contribute to the density of states at the Fermi level and thus can influence the transport properties of the compounds. A sharp peak of the density of states is found just at the Fermi level. It is also shown that the shifting of barium atoms toward experimentally deduced split positions in Ba6Ge25 produces a splitting of this peak which may be interpreted as a band Jahn-Teller effect. If the locking of the barium atoms at the observed structural phase transition is assumed, this reduction of the density of states at the Fermi level can account for the experimentally observed decrease of the magnetic susceptibility and electrical resistivity at the phase transition, and the values of density of states are in agreement with low-temperature specific-heat measurements and variation of superconducting transition temperature with pressure.

Ivica Zerec; Alexander Yaresko; Peter Thalmeier; Yuri Grin

2002-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

455

Determination of70Ge(n,p)70Ga and74Ge(n,p)74Ga reaction cross sections for a fission neutron spectrum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fission neutron spectrum averaged cross-sections for the reactions70Ge(n,p)70Ga and74Ge(n,p)74Ga have been determined. The averages of four determinations are, respectively, (3.10±0.30) mb and (0.00938±0.0005...

I. M. Cohen; A. J. Kestelman; J. C. Furnari…

1996-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

456

Thermoelectric standardisation - Reference materials and characterisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermoelectric materials for working temperatures between 300 K and 1000 K become continuously more important for energy recuperation applications. The efficiency is determined by the transport properties (electrical and thermal conductivity and Seebeck coefficient) which form the known thermoelectric figure of merit ZT. The thorough determination of ZT represents the basis for the assessment of thermoelectric materials research. Due to different continuing difficulties measurement errors distinctly higher than 15% can be observed repeatedly which is still too high for an industrial benchmark and deficient for many scientific investigations and technological developments. Against this background a project was launched in 2011 together with the Fraunhofer Institute of Physical Measurement Techniques (IPM Freiburg) the Department Temperature of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB Berlin) and the company Netzsch Gerätebau GbmH (Selb). The aim of the project "Thermoelectric Standardisation" (TEST) is to minimise the measurement uncertainties and to develop traceable high-accurate thermoelectric characterisation techniques and thermoelectric reference materials for the mentioned temperature range. Here we initially present the project to the thermoelectric society and want to give a survey on the planned activities and the current status of the contributions of the German Aerospace Center (DLR Cologne).

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Surface passivation of p-type Ge substrate with high-quality GeN{sub x} layer formed by electron-cyclotron-resonance plasma nitridation at low temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the effects of the formation temperature and postmetallization annealing (PMA) on the interface properties of GeN{sub x}/p-Ge fabricated by the plasma nitridation of Ge substrates using an electron-cyclotron-resonance-generated nitrogen plasma. The nitridation temperature is found to be a critical parameter in improving the finally obtained GeN{sub x}/Ge interface properties. The GeN{sub x}/Ge formed at room temperature and treated by PMA at 400 deg. C exhibits the best interface properties with an interface trap density of 1 x 10{sup 11 }cm{sup -2 }eV{sup -1}. The GeN{sub x}/Ge interface is unpinned and the Fermi level at the Ge surface can move from the valence band edge to the conduction band edge.

Fukuda, Yukio; Otani, Yohei [Tokyo University of Science, Suwa, 5000-1 Toyohira, Chino, Nagano 391-0292 (Japan); Okamoto, Hiroshi; Iwasaki, Takuro; Ono, Toshiro [Hirosaki University, 3 Bunkyo-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8561 (Japan)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

458

Electrical, optical, and thermal properties of Sn-doped phase change material Ge2Sb2Te5  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article, effect of Sn on the electrical, optical, and thermal properties of Ge2Sb2Te5 is studied. Ge2Sb2Te5, Ge1.55Sb2Te5Sn0.45, and Ge1.1Sb2Te5Sn0.9...alloys are prepared by melt quenching technique and ...

Gurinder Singh; Aman Kaura; Monika Mukul; S. K. Tripathi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Correlation Between Optical Properties And Chemical Composition Of Sputter-deposited Germanium Cxide (GeOx) Films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Germanium oxide (GeOx) films were grown on (1 0 0) Si substrates by reactive Direct-Current (DC) magnetron sputter-deposition using an elemental Ge target. The effects of oxygen gas fraction, ? = O2/(Ar + O2), on the deposition rate, structure, chemical composition and optical properties of GeOx films have been investigated. The chemistry of the films exhibits an evolution from pure Ge to mixed Ge + GeO + GeO2 and then finally to GeO2 upon increasing ? from 0.00 to 1.00. Grazing incidence X-ray analysis indicates that the GeOx films grown were amorphous. The optical properties probed by spectroscopic ellipsometry indicate that the effect of ? is significant on the optical constants of the GeOx films. The measured index of refraction (n) at a wavelength (?) of 550 nm is 4.67 for films grown without any oxygen, indicating behavior characteristic of semiconducting Ge. The transition from germanium to mixed Ge + GeO + GeO2 composition is associated with a characteristic decrease in n (? = 550 nm) to 2.62 and occurs at ? = 0.25. Finally n drops to 1.60 for ? = 0.50–1.00, where the films become GeO2. A detailed correlation between ?, n, k and stoichiometry in DC sputtered GeOx films is presented and discussed.

Murphy, Neil R.; Grant, J. T.; Sun, L.; Jones, J. G.; Jakubiak, R.; Shutthanandan, V.; Ramana, Chintalapalle V.

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

460

Structural characterization of SiGe/Si single wells grown by disilane and solid-Ge molecular beam epitaxy with varied disilane cracking temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural properties of SiGe/Si single wells are studied by double-crystal X-ray diffraction. Four SiGe/Si single wells have been grown on Si (0 0 1) at 750°C by disilane and solid-Ge molecular beam epitaxy with varied disilane cracking temperature. Using dynamic theory, together with kinematic theory and the specific growth procedure adopted, structural parameters in the multilayer structure are determined precisely. The results are compared with those obtained from PL and XTEM as well as AES measurements. It is found that disilane adsorption is dependent on cracking temperature as well as Ge incorporation. Disilane adsorption is increased by cracking disilane while it decreased with Ge incorporation

J.P. Liu; M.Y. Kong; D.D. Huang; J.P. Li; D.Z. Sun

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference The DOE Federal Employee Training Desk Reference provides guidance on what is considered a training request, the approval and authorization for a training request and the allowable costs for training. The desk references also discusses the individual development plans (IDP) and the resposibilities the supervisor and employees have regarding the IDPs. Guidance on long-term and extended training is also provided. Computing the length and recording training time is also discussed. Also included in the desk reference is the integrated training management which discusses the need for a training needs assessment, the annual training plan and the annual training summary report. The desk reference also defines the

462

Desk Reference on DOE-Flex | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Desk Reference on DOE-Flex Desk Reference on DOE-Flex Desk Reference on DOE-Flex The information in this desk reference supplements DOE N 314.1, DOE-Flex: DOE's Telework Program, and the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM's) Guide to Telework in the Federal Government. The format of this desk reference follows the structure of the OPM guide, with the following exceptions: It describes one additional type of telework arrangement that applies in DOE It contains a frequently asked question section as additional guidance It contains sample forms that may be used or modified by a Departmental element as needed This desk reference replaces the Handbook on DOE-Flex, DOE's Flexiplace Program dated March 2000. The information in this desk reference should be further supplemented by a Departmental element to address local procedures.

463

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference The DOE Federal Employee Training Desk Reference provides guidance on what is considered a training request, the approval and authorization for a training request and the allowable costs for training. The desk references also discusses the individual development plans (IDP) and the resposibilities the supervisor and employees have regarding the IDPs. Guidance on long-term and extended training is also provided. Computing the length and recording training time is also discussed. Also included in the desk reference is the integrated training management which discusses the need for a training needs assessment, the annual training plan and the annual training summary report. The desk reference also defines the

464

Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Market analysis Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference[1] Resources Techno-Economic Comparison of Off-grid Options -- Assessment of Household, Battery Charging and Isolated Micro-Grid Systems Economic Analysis of Solar PV Systems Component References ↑ "Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference" Retrieved from

465

Chemical Bonding, Interfaces and Defects in Hafnium Oxide/Germanium Oxynitride Gate Stacks on Ge (100)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Correlations among interface properties and chemical bonding characteristics in HfO{sub 2}/GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge MIS stacks were investigated using in-situ remote nitridation of the Ge (100) surface prior to HfO{sub 2} atomic layer deposition (ALD). Ultra thin ({approx}1.1 nm), thermally stable and aqueous etch-resistant GeO{sub x}N{sub y} interfaces layers that exhibited Ge core level photoelectron spectra (PES) similar to stoichiometric Ge{sub 3}N{sub 4} were synthesized. To evaluate GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge interface defects, the density of interface states (D{sub it}) was extracted by the conductance method across the band gap. Forming gas annealed (FGA) samples exhibited substantially lower D{sub it} ({approx} 1 x 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} eV{sup -1}) than did high vacuum annealed (HVA) and inert gas anneal (IGA) samples ({approx} 1x 10{sup 13} cm{sup -2} eV{sup -1}). Germanium core level photoelectron spectra from similar FGA-treated samples detected out-diffusion of germanium oxide to the HfO{sub 2} film surface and apparent modification of chemical bonding at the GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge interface, which is related to the reduced D{sub it}.

Oshima, Yasuhiro; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.; Sun, Yun; /SLAC, SSRL; Kuzum, Duygu; /Stanford U.; Sugawara, Takuya; Saraswat, Krishna C.; Pianetta, Piero; /SLAC, SSRL; McIntyre, Paul C.; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

466

Synthesis, crystal structure and properties of [(dien){sub 2}Mn]Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4} with mixed-valent Ge centers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One new manganese thiogermanate, [(dien){sub 2}Mn]Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4} (dien=diethylenetriamine), was prepared under mild solvothermal conditions and structurally and spectroscopically characterized. The title compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, chiral space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1} (no. 19) with a=9.113(4) Å, b=12.475(5) Å, c=17.077(7) Å, V=1941.5(15) Å{sup 3} and Z=4. Its structure features a three-dimensional (3D) network composed of a one-dimensional (1D) [Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4}]{sup 2?} anionic chain and a [(dien){sub 2}Mn]{sup 2+} complex interconnected via various hydrogen bonds. The most interesting structural feature of the compound is the presence of two different oxidation states of germanium centers in the 1D [Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4}]{sup 2?} chain, which is also supported by the result of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurement. The optical property of the title compound has also been studied by UV–vis spectra. - Graphical abstract: One new thiogermanate, [(dien){sub 2}Mn]Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4}, contains a one-dimensional [Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4}]{sup 2?} anionic chain with two different oxidation states of germanium centers. Display Omitted - Highlights: • One new manganese thiogermanate [(dien){sub 2}Mn]Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4} was prepared. • The compound features 1D [Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4}]{sup 2?} chain composed of [Ge{sup II}S{sub 4}] and [Ge{sup IV}S{sub 4}] tetrahedra. • The first example of inorganic–organic hybrid thiogermanates with mixed valent Ge centers.

Yue, Cheng-Yang; Yuan, Zhuang-Dong; Zhang, Lu-Ge; Wang, Ya-Bai; Liu, Guo-Dong; Gong, Liao-Kuo [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry in Universities of Shandong, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jining University, Qufu, Shandong 273155 (China); Lei, Xiao-Wu, E-mail: xwlei_jnu@163.com [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry in Universities of Shandong, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jining University, Qufu, Shandong 273155 (China); State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Institute of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250100 (China)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Formation of nickel germanide on SiO{sub 2}-capped n-Ge to lower its Schottky barrier height  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this Letter, NiGe/SiO{sub 2}/n-Ge ohmic contacts were demonstrated with Ge, rather than Ni, diffusion through the ion-implanted SiO{sub 2} films to form NiGe. The equivalent Schottky barrier height reduced from 0.58?eV for NiGe/n-Ge to ohmic contact. The anomalous diffusion behavior and accumulation of Ge in the SiO{sub 2} near the NiGe/SiO{sub 2} interface can be explained by vacancy-enhanced Ge diffusion. It is proposed that the presence of vacancies and Ge atoms embedded in the SiO{sub 2} layer play a significant role in the current enhancement by generation of multiple levels in the SiO{sub 2} band gap.

Lin, Guangyang; Tang, Mengrao; Li, Cheng, E-mail: lich@xmu.edu.cn; Huang, Shihao; Lu, Weifang; Wang, Chen; Yan, Guangming; Chen, Songyan [Semiconductor Photonics Research Center, Department of Physics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)] [Semiconductor Photonics Research Center, Department of Physics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

468

Reference Design Description for a Geologic Repository  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the current major national environmental problems is the safe disposal of large quantities of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste materials, which are rapidly accumulating throughout the country. These radioactive byproducts are generated as the result of national defense activities and from the generation of electricity by commercial nuclear power plants. At present, spent nuclear fuel is accumulating at over 70 power plant sites distributed throughout 33 states. The safe disposal of these high-level radioactive materials at a central disposal facility is a high national priority. This Reference Design Description explains the current design for a potential geologic repository that may be located at Yucca Mountain in Nevada for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste materials. This document describes a possible design for the three fundamental parts of a repository: a surface facility, subsurface repository, and waste packaging. It also presents the current conceptual design of the key engineering systems for the final four phases of repository processes: operations, monitoring, closure, and postclosure. In accordance with current law, this design does not include an interim storage option. In addition, this Reference Design Description reviews the expected long-term performance of the potential repository. It describes the natural barrier system which, together with the engineered systems, achieves the repository objectives. This design will protect the public and the environment by allowing the safe disposal of radioactive waste received from government-owned custodial spent fuel sites, high-level radioactive waste sites, and commercial power reactor sites. All design elements meet or exceed applicable regulations governing the disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The design will provide safe disposal of waste materials for at least a 10,000 year period. During this time interval, natural radioactive decay of the waste materials will result in fission products that pose a minimal radiological hazard to the public afterward. For example, after 100 years, the relative hazard from the waste fission products will have diminished approximately 90 percent. After 1,000 years, the hazard will have diminished 99 percent, and after 10,000 years it will have diminished 99.9 percent. The resulting radiological hazard after 10,000 years is minimal, being of the same order of magnitude as that posed by 0.2 percent uranium ore, which is equivalent to that which was used to originally produce the nuclear fuel. Because developing such a repository is extremely complex, the design will move forward in three stages: Site Recommendation, License Application, and Construction. This document presents the design as it will be submitted in the Site Recommendation Consideration Report; the design will be updated as the design process moves forward. As more cost-effective solutions, technical advancements, or changes to requirements occur, the design may evolve. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management is developing a system that includes this potential repository. This waste management system integrates acceptance, transportation, storage, and disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. Acceptance and transportation will be handled by regional servicing contractors under contract to the DOE. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission will conduct an in-depth and thorough licensing review to determine the acceptability of the proposed waste management system. Eight sections of this document follow. Section 2 discusses the design requirements for the proposed repository. Section 3 describes the physical layout of the proposed repository. Section 4 describes the evolutionary phases of the development of the proposed repository. Section 5 describes the receipt of waste. Section 6 details the various systems that will package the waste and move it below ground, as well as safety monitoring and closure. Section 7 describes the syst

NA

2000-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

469

Forward charge asymmetry in 20-GeV gammap reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fast forward particles photoproduced in 20-GeV interactions on a hydrogen target are shown to be preferentially positive, the asymmetry increasing with transverse momentum and Feynman x. Evidence is given that this effect is not due to forward-going target fragments. A model in which production from the photon of a forward-going spectator u is preferred over a ?, due to a higher probability for interactions of antiquarks with the proton constituents, is shown to be qualitatively consistent with the data.

V. R. O’Dell et al.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Diamond turning of Si and Ge single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-point diamond turning studies have been completed on Si and Ge crystals. A new process model was developed for diamond turning which is based on a critical depth of cut for plastic flow-to-brittle fracture transitions. This concept, when combined with the actual machining geometry for single-point turning, predicts that {open_quotes}ductile{close_quotes} machining is a combined action of plasticity and fracture. Interrupted cutting experiments also provide a meant to directly measure the critical depth parameter for given machining conditions.

Blake, P.; Scattergood, R.O.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

6 GeV light source project cost estimating procedure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To maintain uniformity in estimating the cost requirements of the various components of the 6 GeV Light Source, the following procedure will be used by all the task groups. The procedure uses a Work Breakdown Structure (VBS) to break down the project into manageable, easy to estimate, components. The project is first broken down into major tasks or categories. Then each major division is continuously subdivided until the desired level of detail is achieved. This can be shown best by using the example of the WBS of the Aladdin Upgrade Project, excerpts of which are included in Appendix A.

NONE

1985-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

472

An 8-GeV Synchrotron-Based Proton Driver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In January 2002, the Fermilab Director initiated a design study for a high average power, modest energy proton facility. Such a facility is a possible candidate for a construction project in the U.S. starting in the middle of this decade. The key technical element is a new machine, dubbed the ''Proton Driver,'' as a replacement of the present Booster. The study of an 8-GeV synchrotron-based proton driver has been completed and published. This paper will give a summary report, including machine layout and performance, optics, beam dynamics issues, technical systems design, civil construction, cost estimate and schedule.

Weiren Chou

2003-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

473

Surface passivation of the Ge substrate by novel nitrogen plasma immersion treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel nitrogen plasma immersion treatment (NNPIT) with accelerating power for Ge surface passivation is presented and compared with conventional nitrogen plasma immersion treatment (NPIT). Results show that the Ge–N bond formed at a surface by NPIT can suppress the growth of Ge suboxide during high-K dielectric deposition. As for NNPIT, more nitrogen plasma drifts to the Ge surface, which is induced by the accelerating electric field, to enhance the dangling bond passivation, and thus the NNPIT method can further suppress Ge suboxide growth during high-K dielectric deposition. As a result, the C–V characteristics in terms of a flat-band voltage, hysteresis and interface state density can be significantly improved, which is promising for high performance Ge MOSFETs fabrication.

Meng Lin; Ming Li; Xia An; Quanxin Yun; Min Li; Zhiqiang Li; Pengqiang Liu; Xing Zhang; Ru Huang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Germanium diffusion during HfO{sub 2} growth on Ge by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors study the Ge diffusion during HfO{sub 2} growth by molecular beam epitaxy on differently in situ prepared germanium substrates and at different growth temperatures. While HfO{sub 2} layers grown directly on Ge do not show any germanium contamination, oxygen rich interfacial layers such as GeO{sub x} or GeO{sub x}N{sub y} partly dissolve into the HfO{sub 2} layer, giving rise to high Ge contamination (from 1% to 10%). The use of nitridated interfacial layers does not prevent Ge diffusion into the HfO{sub 2} during the growth process because of the high oxygen content present in the nitridated germanium layer.

Ferrari, S.; Spiga, S.; Wiemer, C.; Fanciulli, M.; Dimoulas, A. [Laboratorio MDM-INFM-CNR, Via Olivetti, 2 Agrate Brianza, Milano 20041 (Italy); MBE Laboratory, Institute of Materials Science, DEMOKRITOS National Center for Scientific Research, 153 10 Athens (Greece)

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

475

Ge doped HfO{sub 2} thin films investigated by x-ray absorption spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The stability of the tetragonal phase of Ge doped HfO{sub 2} thin films on Si(100) was investigated. Hf(Ge)O{sub 2} films with Ge atomic concentrations varying from 0% to 15% were deposited by remote plasma chemical vapor deposition. The atomic structure on the oxide after rapid thermal annealing was investigated by x-ray absorption spectroscopy of the O and Ge K edges and by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. The authors found that Ge concentrations as low as 5 at. % effectively stabilize the tetragonal phase of 5 nm thick Hf(Ge)O{sub 2} on Si and that higher concentrations are not stable to rapid thermal annealing at temperatures above 750 deg. C.

Miotti, Leonardo; Bastos, Karen P.; Lucovsky, Gerald; Radtke, Claudio; Nordlund, Dennis [Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Box 8202, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8202 (United States); Instituto de Quimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 91509-900 Porto Alegre (Brazil); Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

Observation of optical spin injection into Ge-based structures at room temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-zero spin polarization induced by optical orientation was clearly observed at room temperature in a Ge/Ge{sub 0.8}Si{sub 0.2} quantum well grown on Ge and a Ge layer grown on Si by molecular beam epitaxy, whereas it was absent in bulk Ge. This occurred because indirect-gap photoluminescence (PL), which can obscure the spin-polarization information carried by the direct-gap PL, was quenched by unintentional growth-related defects in the epitaxial layers. Such interpretation was confirmed by applying time gating that effectively removed the indirect-gap PL characterized by a slower rise time, which allowed us to demonstrate the existence of room-temperature spin polarization in bulk Ge.

Yasutake, Yuhsuke; Hayashi, Shuhei; Fukatsu, Susumu [Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153-8902 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153-8902 (Japan); Yaguchi, Hiroyuki [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, Shimo-Okubo 255, Sakura, Saitama 338-8570 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, Shimo-Okubo 255, Sakura, Saitama 338-8570 (Japan)

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

477

Structural and magnetic properties of Ge{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x} thin films grown on Ge (001) substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the structural and magneto-optical properties of Mn-doped Ge (Ge{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}) films with self-organized nanocolumns, grown on Ge (001) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), in which the substrate temperature (T{sub S}) and growth rate (R{sub G}) are varied. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations and magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) measurements reveal that Mn-rich nanocolumnar precipitation is formed in the Ge{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x} films grown at T{sub S} {<=} 100 deg. C, with keeping the size and spacing. At higher T{sub S} ({>=}150 deg. C), ferromagnetic Mn{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} clusters are formed. It is also found that the Mn distribution in the Ge{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x} films can be controlled: By lowering T{sub S} or increasing R{sub G}, the Mn content x{sub nc} in the nanocolumns decreases and Mn atoms are more distributed into the Ge matrix, and eventually the magnetic properties are changed. The formation of the nanocolumns is explained by the spinodal decomposition in the layer-by-layer growth mode. We analyzed the periodicity and Mn content x{sub nc} of nanocolumns by using the Cahn-Hilliard equation.

Yada, Shinsuke; Nam Hai, Pham; Tanaka, Masaaki [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Sugahara, Satoshi [Imaging Science and Engineering Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259-G2-14 Nagatsuta, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8502 (Japan)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Tensile-strain and doping enhanced direct bandgap optical transition of n{sup +} doped Ge/GeSi quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Band structures of tensile strained and n{sup +} doped Ge/GeSi quantum wells (QWs) are calculated by multiple-band k·p method. The energy dispersion curves of the ? and L conduction subbands are obtained. The effects of tensile strain and n{sup +} doping in Ge on direct bandgap optical gain and spontaneous radiative recombination rate spectra are investigated including the electron leakage from ? to L conduction subbands. Our results show that the optical gain and spontaneous radiative recombination rate can be significantly increased with the tensile strain, n-type doping concentration, and injection carrier density in the Ge QW. The free carrier absorption is calculated and cannot be ignored because of the heavily doped Ge. The pure TM mode polarized net optical gain up to 1153?cm{sup ?1} can be achieved for the Ge/Ge{sub 0.986}Si{sub 0.014} QW with tensile strain of 1.61% and n-type doping concentration of 30?×?10{sup 18}?cm{sup ?3}.

Fan, W. J., E-mail: ewjfan@ntu.edu.sg [NOVITAS, Nanoelectronics Centre of Excellence, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

479

Vermont Yankee's benefits and concerns operating with Axially zoned GE9 fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vermont Yankee (VY) is a 368-assembly, D-lattice, boiling water reactor (BWR)/4. The current cycle 16 contains 252 GE9 assemblies with axial zoning of gadolinium and enrichment, 112 GE8 assemblies with axially zoned gadolinium, and 4 Siemens 9 x 9-IX lead qualification assemblies. In this paper, the performance of the GE9-dominated core is evaluated against previous cores containing less sophisticated fuel designs.

Woehlke, R.A. (Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Bolton, MA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Results on neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge from Gerda Phase I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results on neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge from Gerda Phase I M. Agostini,14 M. Allardt,3 E and a lower limit is derived for the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge, T0 1/2> 2.1 · 1025 double beta decay of the isotope 76 Ge. Data con- sidered in the present analysis have been collected

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge nerators referred" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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481

12 GeV Upgrade Project - Cryomodule Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) is producing ten 100+MV SRF cryomodules (C100) as part of the CEBAF 12 GeV Upgrade Project. Once installed, these cryomodules will become part of an integrated accelerator system upgrade that will result in doubling the energy of the CEBAF machine from 6 to 12 GeV. This paper will present a complete overview of the C100 cryomodule production process. The C100 cryomodule was designed to have the major components procured from private industry and assembled together at Jefferson Lab. In addition to measuring the integrated component performance, the performance of the individual components is verified prior to being released for production and assembly into a cryomodule. Following a comprehensive cold acceptance test of all subsystems, the completed C100 cryomodules are installed and commissioned in the CEBAF machine in preparation of accelerator operations. This overview of the cryomodule production process will include all principal performance measurements, acceptance criterion and up to date status of current activities.

J. Hogan, A. Burrill, G.K. Davis, M.A. Drury, M. Wiseman

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 The files on this page contain commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. These U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reference buildings are complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis. You can also return to a summary of building types and climate zones and information about other building vintages. These files are updated regularly. There are two versions of these files on this page. Version 1.3_5.0 was updated September 27, 2010 and Version 1.4_7.2 was updated November 13, 2012. You can also view related resources: an archive of past reference buildings files

483

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. Archived Reference Buildings Building Type Version 1.2_4.0 updated 3/12/10 Large office (ZIP 2.3 MB) Medium office (ZIP 2.2 MB) Small office (ZIP 1.4 MB) Warehouse (ZIP 980 KB) Stand-alone retail (ZIP 2 MB) Strip mall (ZIP 2.3 MB) Primary school (ZIP 2.7 MB) Secondary school (ZIP 3.9 MB) Supermarket (ZIP 2.2 MB) Quick service restaurant (ZIP 1.1 MB) Full service restaurant

484

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 - Archive Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 - Archive Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. Archived Reference Buildings Building Type Version 1.2_4.0 updated 3/12/10 Large office (ZIP 2.3 MB) Medium office (ZIP 2.2 MB) Small office (ZIP 1.4 MB) Warehouse (ZIP 980 KB) Stand-alone retail (ZIP 2 MB) Strip mall (ZIP 2.3 MB) Primary school (ZIP 2.7 MB) Secondary school (ZIP 3.9 MB) Supermarket (ZIP 2.2 MB) Quick service restaurant (ZIP 1.1 MB)

485

Phase-change optical recording materials based on GeSb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

GeSb based materials are investigated for phase-change optical recording. Physical properties and amorphization / crystallization behavior are determined. Recording characteristics are...

Dimitrov, Dimitre

486

€18.5 Million in New Research Program Funding Announced, GE...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

funding and collaboration models at its European Global Research Center near Munich, Germany. Mark Little, GE's Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer, and thought...

487

Using 3D Painting to Build and Repair Parts | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a part or add material to repair an existing part. Cold spray is part of GE's expanded additive manufacturing toolkit. nteneh Kebbede, Manager of the Coating and Surface...

488

Photo-oxidation of Ge Nanocrystals: Kinetic Measurements by In Situ Raman Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photo-oxidation of Ge Nanocrystals: Kinetic Measurements byrate enhancement is due to a photo-chemical process. Thenanocrystals can be rapidly photo-oxidized. This oxidation

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Nano scale phase separation in Au-Ge system on ultra clean Si(100) surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the phase separation in Au-Ge system leading to the formation of lobe-lobe (bi-lobed) Au-Ge nanostructures under ultra high vacuum (UHV) conditions ({approx_equal}3 x 10{sup -10} mbar) on clean Si(100) surfaces. For this study, {approx_equal}2.0 nm thick Au samples were grown on the substrate surface by molecular beam epitaxy. Thermal annealing was carried out inside the UHV chamber at temperature {approx_equal}500 deg. C and following this, nearly square shaped Au{sub x}Si{sub 1-x} nano structures of average length {approx_equal}48 nm were formed. A {approx_equal}2 nm Ge film was further deposited on the above surface while the substrate was kept at a temperature of {approx_equal}500 deg. C. Well ordered Au-Ge nanostructures where Au and Ge residing side by side (lobe-lobe structures) were formed. In our systematic studies, we show that, gold-silicide nanoalloy formation at the substrate (Si) surface is necessary for forming phase separated Au-Ge bilobed nanostructures. These results show that the Au-Ge bonding is unstable in nature. Electron microscopy (TEM, STEM-EDS, SEM) studies were carried out to determine the structure of Au-Ge nano systems. Rutherford backscattering spectrometry measurements show gold inter-diffusion into substrate while it is absent for Ge.

Rath, A.; Dash, J. K.; Juluri, R. R.; Satyam, P. V. [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar-751005 (India); Schowalter, Marco; Mueller, Knut; Rosenauer, A. [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Bremen, D-28359 Bremen (Germany)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Chemical states and electronic structure of a HfO(-2) / Ge(001) interface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the chemical bonding structure and valence band alignment at the HfO{sub 2}/Ge (001) interface by systematically probing various core level spectra as well as valence band spectra using soft x-rays at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory. We investigated the chemical bonding changes as a function of depth through the dielectric stack by taking a series of synchrotron photoemission spectra as we etched through the HfO{sub 2} film using a dilute HF-solution. We found that a very non-stoichiometric GeO{sub x} layer exists at the HfO{sub 2}/Ge interface. The valence band spectra near the Fermi level in each different film structure were carefully analyzed, and as a result, the valence band offset between Ge and GeO{sub x} was determined to be {Delta}E{sub v} (Ge-GeO{sub x}) = 2.2 {+-} 0.15 eV, and that between Ge and HfO{sub 2}, {Delta}E{sub v} (Ge-HfO{sub 2}) = 2.7 {+-} 0.15 eV.

Seo, Kang-ill; McIntyre, Paul C.; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.; Sun, Shiyu; Lee, Dong-Ick; Pianetta, Piero; /SLAC, SSRL; Saraswat, Krishna C.; /Stanford U., Elect.

2005-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

491

GE to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Clothes Washers GE urges the department engage in rulmaking to amend the clothes washer test procedure to reflect efficiency standards of large-capacity residential clothes washer...

492

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous ge bipolar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at Stony Brook, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering, Optoelectronics Research Group Collection: Engineering 10 A New SiGe Base Lateral PNM Schottky...

493

Positron-annihilation measurements of vacancy formation in Ni and Ni(Ge)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vacancy formation in Ni and in dilute Ni(Ge) alloys was studied under thermal equilibrium conditions using positron-annihilation Doppler broadening. A monovacancy formation enthalpy of 1.8 +- 0.1 eV was determined for pure Ni; combining this result with that from previous tracer self-diffusion measurements, a monovacancy migration enthalpy of 1.1 +- 0.1 eV was also deduced. Analysis of the vacancy formation measurements in Ni(0.3 at.% Ge) and Ni(1 at.% Ge) yielded a value for the vacancy-Ge binding enthalpy of 0.20 +- 0.04 eV.

Smedskjaer, L.C.; Fluss, M.J.; Legnini, D.G.; Chason, M.K.; Siegel, R.W.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Sr{sub 7}Ge{sub 6}, Ba{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} and Ba{sub 3}Sn{sub 2} -Three new binary compounds containing dumbbells and four-membered chains of tetrel atoms with considerable Ge-Ge {pi}-bonding character  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The germanides Sr{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} and Ba{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} as well as the stannide Ba{sub 3}Sn{sub 2} were prepared by arc melting and annealing in welded tantalum ampoules using induction as well as resistance furnaces. The compounds were investigated by powder and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Sr{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} and Ba{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} crystallize in the Ca{sub 7}Sn{sub 6} structure type (space group Pmna, Z=4: a=7.777(2) A, b=23.595(4) A, c=8.563(2) A, wR{sub 2}=0.081 (all data), 2175 independent reflections, 64 variable parameters for Sr{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} and a=8.0853(6) A, b=24.545(2) A, c=8.9782(8) A, wR{sub 2}=0.085 (all data), 2307 independent reflections, 64 variable parameters for Ba{sub 7}Ge{sub 6}). Ba{sub 3}Sn{sub 2} crystallizes in an own structure type with the space group P4{sub 3}2{sub 1}2, Z=4, a=6.6854(2) A, c=17.842(2) A, wR{sub 2}=0.037 (all data), 1163 independent reflections, 25 variable parameters. In Sr{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} and Ba{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} the Ge atoms are arranged as Ge{sub 2} dumbbells and Ge{sub 4} four-membered atom chains. Their crystal structures cannot be rationalized according to the (8-N) rule. In contrast, Ba{sub 3}Sn{sub 2} presents Sn{sub 2} dumbbells as a main structural motif and thereby can be described as an electron precise Zintl phase. The chemical bonding situation in these structures is discussed on the basis of partial and total Density Of States (DOS) curves, band structures including fatbands, topological analysis of the Electron Localization Function (ELF) as well as Bader analysis of the bond critical points using the programs TB-LMTO-ASA and WIEN2K. While Ba{sub 3}Sn{sub 2} reveals semiconducting behaviour, all germanides Ae{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} (Ae=Ca, Sr, and Ba) show metallic properties and a considerable {pi}-bonding character between the Ge atoms of the four-membered chains and the dumbbells. The {pi}-bonding character of the germanides is best reflected by the resonance hybrid structures {l_brace}[Ge-Ge]{sup 6-}/[Ge-{sup ....}Ge-{sup ....}Ge-{sup ....}Ge]{sup 8-}{r_brace}{r_reversible}{l_brace}[Ge=Ge]{sup 4-}/[Ge-Ge-Ge-Ge]{sup 10-}{r_brace}. - Graphical abstract: The structure of Ba{sub 3}Sn{sub 2} contains Sn{sub 2} dumbbells as a main structural motif and thereby can be described as an electron precise Zintl phase. Ge{sub 2} dumbbells and Ge{sub 4} four-membered atom chains are the predominant features in Sr{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} and Ba{sub 7}Ge{sub 6}. Their crystal structures cannot be rationalized according to the (8-N) rule. While Ba{sub 3}Sn{sub 2} reveals semiconducting behaviour, the germanides Ae{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} (Ae=Ca, Sr, and Ba) show metallic properties and a considerable {pi}-bonding character between the Ge atoms of the four-membered chains and the dumbbells. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The germanides Sr{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} and Ba{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} as well as the stannide Ba{sub 3}Sn{sub 2} have been synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer In Sr{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} and Ba{sub 7}Ge{sub 6} the Ge atoms are arranged as dumbbells and four-membered atom chains. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ba{sub 3}Sn{sub 2} presents Sn{sub 2} dumbbells as a main structural motif. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The chemical bonding situation within these structures is discussed.

Siggelkow, Lisa; Hlukhyy, Viktor [Department Chemie, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Lichtenbergstr. 4, D-85747 Garching (Germany); Faessler, Thomas F., E-mail: thomas.faessler@lrz.tum.de [Department Chemie, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Lichtenbergstr. 4, D-85747 Garching (Germany)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Effect of the growth rate on the morphology and structural properties of hut-shaped Ge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of Ge deposition rate on the morphology and structural properties of self-assembled Ge/Si(001) islands was studied. Ge/Si(001) layers were grown by solid-source molecular-beam epitaxy at 500?°C. We adjusted the Ge coverage, 6 monolayers (ML), and varied the Ge growth rate by a factor of 100, R = 0.02–2 ML s?1, to produce films consisting of hut-shaped Ge islands. The samples were characterized by scanning tunnelling microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and Rutherford backscattering measurements. The mean lateral size of Ge nanoclusters decreases from 14.1 nm at R = 0.02 ML s?1 to 9.8 nm at R = 2 ML s?1. The normalized width of the size distribution shows non-monotonic behaviour as a function of R and has a minimum value of 19% at R = 2 ML s?1. Ge nanoclusters fabricated at the highest deposition rate demonstrate the best structural quality and the highest Ge content (~0.9).

A I Yakimov; A I Nikiforov; A V Dvurechenskii; V V Ulyanov; V A Volodin; R Groetzschel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference (Redirected from Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Market analysis Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms[1] Resources Design of Micro-hydro Funding Facility and Community Mobilization Support Design of Institutional and Financial Intermediation Scheme for a Micro hydro Power Development Program Design of a Rural Energy Fund References ↑ "Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms"

497

Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations[1] Resources Sustainable Service Delivery Model Through Distributed Renewable

498

October 2010, Facility Representative Qualification Standard Reference Guide  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Facility Facility Representative Qualification Standard Reference Guide OCTOBER 2010 Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

499

The Quebec secession reference: The constitutionalization of Quebec secession .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this thesis is to explain why the government of Canada decided to refer three questions related to whether or not the government… (more)

Morrison, Alec

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Strip mall | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strip mall Reference Buildings by Building Type: Strip mall In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes...