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1

Commercial Lighting Solutions Webtool Peer Review Report, Office Solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energy’s Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the CLS webtool for offices. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed for the release of version 2.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in Las Vegas in May 2010. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 2.0 as well as appendices containing the comments and short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 2.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

Beeson, Tracy A.; Jones, Carol C.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Room temperature 1.6 m electroluminescence from Ge light emitting diode on Si substrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Room temperature 1.6 µm electroluminescence from Ge light emitting diode on Si substrate Szu n+/p light emitting diode on a Si substrate. Unlike normal electrically pumped devices, this device.4670) Optical materials; (230.3670) Light-emitting diodes. References and links 1. L. C. Kimerling, "Silicon

Vuckovic, Jelena

3

Text-Alternative Version: Evaluating LED Street Lighting Solutions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Below is the text-alternative version of the Evaluating LED Street Lighting Solutions webcast, held July 20, 2010.

4

Commercial Lighting Solutions, Webtool Peer Review Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Commercial Lighting Solutions (CLS) project directly supports the U.S. Department of Energy’s Commercial Building Energy Alliance efforts to design high performance buildings. CLS creates energy efficient best practice lighting designs for widespread use, and they are made available to users via an interactive webtool that both educates and guides the end user through the application of the Lighting Solutions. This report summarizes the peer review of the beta version of the CLS webtool, which contains retail box lighting solutions. The methodology for the peer review process included data collection (stakeholder input), analysis of the comments, and organization of the input into categories for prioritization of the comments against a set of criteria. Based on this process, recommendations were developed about which feedback should be addressed for the release of version 1.0 of the webtool at the Lightfair conference in New York City in May 2009. Due to the volume of data (~500 comments) the methodology for addressing the peer review comments was central to the success of the ultimate goal of improving the tool. The comments were first imported into a master spreadsheet, and then grouped and organized in several layers. Solutions to each comment were then rated by importance and feasibility to determine the practicality of resolving the concerns of the commenter in the short-term or long-term. The rating system was used as an analytical tool, but the results were viewed thoughtfully to ensure that they were not the sole the factor in determining which comments were recommended for near-term resolution. The report provides a list of the top ten most significant and relevant improvements that will be made within the webtool for version 1.0 as well as appendices containing the short-term priorities in additional detail. Peer review comments that are considered high priority by the reviewers and the CLS team but cannot be completed for Version 1.0 are listed as long-term recommendations.

Jones, Carol C.; Meyer, Tracy A.

2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

5

Room-temperature direct bandgap electroluminesence from Ge-on-Si light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report what we believe to be the first demonstration of direct bandgap electroluminescence (EL) from Ge/Si heterojunction light-emitting diodes (LEDs) at room temperature. In-plane biaxial tensile strain is used to ...

Sun, Xiaochen

6

Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A Rational View of LM-79 Reports, IES Files, and Product Variation Gary Steinberg, GE Lighting Solutions Solid-State Street Lighting: Calculating Light Loss Factors Dana Beckwith,...

7

Cree LED Lighting Solutions Formerly LED Lighting Fixtures LLF | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003) |Cordova39. It isEnergy Information LED Lighting

8

Green's function solution to subsurface light transport for BRDF computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of light transport (scattering and absorption). Solving the light transport equation is expensive-differential equation known as the radiative transfer equation or the RTE. Its solution is expensive. Solving the RTE transport equation and Green's function. In section 4 we detail our Green's func

Pattanaik, Sumanta N.

9

Strained-Si-on-Insulator (SSOI) and SiGe-on-Insulator (SGOI): Fabrication Obstacles and Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strained-Si-on-Insulator (SSOI) and SiGe-on-Insulator (SGOI): Fabrication Obstacles and Solutions-Si and SiGe-on-insulator were fabricated, combining both the benefits of high-mobility strained-Si and SOI) to oxidized handle wafers. Layer transfer onto insulating handle wafers can be accomplished using grind

10

A Spin-Light Polarimeter for Multi-GeV Longitudinally Polarized Electron Beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physics program at the upgraded Jefferson Lab (JLab) and the physics program envisioned for the proposed electron-ion collider (EIC) include large efforts to search for interactions beyond the Standard Model (SM) using parity violation in electroweak interactions. These experiments require precision electron polarimetry with an uncertainty of < 0.5 %. The spin dependent Synchrotron radiation, called "spin-light," can be used to monitor the electron beam polarization. In this article we develop a conceptual design for a "spin-light" polarimeter that can be used at a high intensity, multi-GeV electron accelerator. We have also built a Geant4 based simulation for a prototype device and report some of the results from these simulations.

Mohanmurthy, Prajwal [Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS (United States); Dutta, Dipangkar [Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS (United States) and Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Thin Film Packaging Solutions for High Efficiency OLED Lighting Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the 'Thin Film Packaging Solutions for High Efficiency OLED Lighting Products' project is to demonstrate thin film packaging solutions based on SiC hermetic coatings that, when applied to glass and plastic substrates, support OLED lighting devices by providing longer life with greater efficiency at lower cost than is currently available. Phase I Objective: Demonstrate thin film encapsulated working phosphorescent OLED devices on optical glass with lifetime of 1,000 hour life, CRI greater than 75, and 15 lm/W. Phase II Objective: Demonstrate thin film encapsulated working phosphorescent OLED devices on plastic or glass composite with 25 lm/W, 5,000 hours life, and CRI greater than 80. Phase III Objective: Demonstrate 2 x 2 ft{sup 2} thin film encapsulated working phosphorescent OLED with 40 lm/W, 10,000 hour life, and CRI greater than 85. This report details the efforts of Phase III (Budget Period Three), a fourteen month collaborative effort that focused on optimization of high-efficiency phosphorescent OLED devices and thin-film encapsulation of said devices. The report further details the conclusions and recommendations of the project team that have foundation in all three budget periods for the program. During the conduct of the Thin Film Packaging Solutions for High Efficiency OLED Lighting Products program, including budget period three, the project team completed and delivered the following achievements: (1) a three-year marketing effort that characterized the near-term and longer-term OLED market, identified customer and consumer lighting needs, and suggested prototype product concepts and niche OLED applications lighting that will give rise to broader market acceptance as a source for wide area illumination and energy conservation; (2) a thin film encapsulation technology with a lifetime of nearly 15,000 hours, tested by calcium coupons, while stored at 16 C and 40% relative humidity ('RH'). This encapsulation technology was characterized as having less than 10% change in transmission during the 15,000 hour test period; (3) demonstrated thin film encapsulation of a phosphorescent OLED device with 1,500 hours of lifetime at 60 C and 80% RH; (4) demonstrated that a thin film laminate encapsulation, in addition to the direct thin film deposition process, of a polymer OLED device was another feasible packaging strategy for OLED lighting. The thin film laminate strategy was developed to mitigate defects, demonstrate roll-to-roll process capability for high volume throughput (reduce costs) and to support a potential commercial pathway that is less dependent upon integrated manufacturing since the laminate could be sold as a rolled good; (5) demonstrated that low cost 'blue' glass substrates could be coated with a siloxane barrier layer for planarization and ion-protection and used in the fabrication of a polymer OLED lighting device. This study further demonstrated that the substrate cost has potential for huge cost reductions from the white borosilicate glass substrate currently used by the OLED lighting industry; (6) delivered four-square feet of white phosphorescent OLED technology, including novel high efficiency devices with 82 CRI, greater than 50 lm/W efficiency, and more than 1,000 hours lifetime in a product concept model shelf; (7) presented and or published more than twenty internal studies (for private use), three external presentations (OLED workshop-for public use), and five technology-related external presentations (industry conferences-for public use); and (8) issued five patent applications, which are in various maturity stages at time of publication. Delivery of thin film encapsulated white phosphorescent OLED lighting technology remains a challenging technical achievement, and it seems that commercial availability of thin, bright, white OLED light that meets market requirements will continue to require research and development effort. However, there will be glass encapsulated white OLED lighting products commercialized in niche markets during the 2008 calendar year. This commercializ

None

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

12

Light-Induced Passivation of Si by Iodine Ethanol Solution: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on our observations of light-activated passivation of silicon surfaces by iodine-ethanol solution.

Sopori, B.; Rupnowski, P.; Appel, J.; Guhaabiswas, D.; Anderson-Jackson, L.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Distribution of aluminum and indium impurities in crystals of Ge-Si solid solutions grown from the melt  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem regarding the distribution of aluminum and indium impurities in bulk crystals of solid solutions with a variable composition Ge{sub 1-x}Si{sub x} (0 {<=} x {<=} 0.3) is solved in order to establish regularities of the changes in the segregation coefficients of impurities with variations in the composition of the host lattice in the germanium-silicon system. Aluminum-and indium-doped crystals of Ge{sub 1-x}Si{sub x} (0 {<=} x {<=} 0.3) solid solutions with a silicon content decreasing along the crystallization axis are grown by a modified Bridgman method with the use of a silicon seed. The concentration distribution of impurities over the length of the crystals is determined from Hall measurements. It is demonstrated that the experimental data on the concentration distribution of impurities in the crystals are in good agreement with the results obtained from the theory according to which the equilibrium segregation coefficients of impurities vary linearly with a change in the composition of Ge-Si solid solution crystals.

Kyazimova, V. K. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)], E-mail: zangi@physics.ab.az; Zeynalov, Z. M. [Ganja State University (Azerbaijan); Zakhrabekova, Z. M.; Azhdarov, G. Kh. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

14

Case Study - Florida Power & Light - Smart Grid Solutions Strengthen...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on 78 substation transformer banks. Smart Grid Solutions Strengthen Electric Reliability and Customer Services in Florida With 4.6 million customers, nearly 70,000 miles of...

15

Concentration of light organic compounds from dilute aqueous solutions by adsorption on bound silicalite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONCENTRATION OF LIGHT ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM DILUTE AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY ADSORPTION ON BOUND SILICALITE A Thesis KATHRYN LOUISE FLORES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering CONCENTRATION OF LIGHT ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM DILUTE AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY ADSORPTION ON BOUND SILICALITE A Thesis by KATHRYN LOUISE FLORES Approved...

Flores, Kathryn Louise

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Progressive Lighting And Energy Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug Power IncPowderClimateMeadows,Progressive Lighting And

17

Vacuum-free lamination of low work function cathode for efficient solution-processed organic light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-coated organic light-emitting diode is transferred from a soft polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) mold by lamination, or blade coating [1,2] for organic light emitting diode (OLED) as well as solar cell. The top electrodeVacuum-free lamination of low work function cathode for efficient solution-processed organic light-emitting

Meng, Hsin-Fei

18

Dielectron Production in C+C Collisions at 1 GeV/u and the Solution to the DLS Puzzle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The production of e+e- pairs in C+C collisions at 1 GeV/u was investigated with the HADES experiment at GSI, Darmstadt. In the invariant-mass region $ 0.15\\: GeV/c^{2} \\leq M_{ee} \\leq 0.5\\: GeV/c^{2}$ the measured pair yield shows a strong excess above the contribution expected from hadron decays after freeze-out. The data are in good agreement with the results of the former DLS experiment for the same system and energy.

Y. C. Pachmayer; for the HADES collaboration

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

19

GE, Aavid Commercialize Dual Cool Jets Technology | GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

market. GE's broad array of industrial businesses requires highly advanced and reliable electronics that are increasingly driving the need for advanced cooling solutions to...

20

A solution to the baryon-DM coincidence problem in the CMSSM with a 126-GeV Higgs boson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the baryon-dark matter coincidence problem is solved in the CMSSM. The baryons and dark matter are generated simultaneously through the late-time decay of non-topological solitons, Q-balls, which are formed after the Affleck-Dine baryogenesis. A certain relation between the universal scalar mass, $m_0$, and the universal gaugino mass, $M_{1/2}$, is required to solve the coincidence problem, marginally depending on the other CMSSM parameters, and the result is consistent with the observation of the 126-GeV Higgs boson.

Kamada, Ayuki; Yamada, Masaki

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Ultrashort-period MS eclipsing systems. New observations and light curve solutions of six NSVS binaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We carried out photometric and low-resolution spectral observations of six eclipsing ultrashort-period binaries with MS components. The light curve solutions of the Rozhen observations show that all targets are overcontact systems. We found well-defined empirical relation "period -- semi-major axis" for the short-period binaries and used it for estimation of the global parameters of the targets. Our results revealed that NSVS 925605 is quite interesting target: (a) it is one of a few contact binaries with M components; (b) it exhibits high activity (emission in H$\\alpha$ line, X-ray emission, large cool spots, non-Planck energy distribution); (c) its components differ in temperature by 700 K. All appearances of high magnetic activity and huge fillout factor (0.7) of NSVS 925605 might be assumed as a precursor of the predicted merging of close magnetic binaries. Another unusual binary is NSVS 2700153 which reveals considerable long-term variability.

Dimitrov, Dinko

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Robust Lower Bounds on Intergalactic Magnetic Fields from Simultaneously Observed GeV-TeV Light Curves of the Blazar Mkn 501  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive model-independent lower bounds on intergalactic magnetic fields from upper limits on the pair echo emission from the blazar Mkn 501, that is, delayed GeV emission from secondary electron-positron pairs produced via interactions of primary TeV gamma rays with the cosmic infrared background. We utilize only simultaneously observed GeV-TeV light curves during the flaring activity in 2009 obtained by VERITAS, MAGIC and {\\it Fermi}-LAT. This leads to limits on the magnetic field strengths of $B \\gtrsim 10^{-19.5} {\\rm G}$ and $B \\gtrsim 10^{-19} {\\rm G}$, at 99% C.L. and 90% C.L., respectively, for a field coherence length of 1 kpc. Our analysis is firmly based on the observational data alone and does not depend on any assumptions concerning the primary TeV flux during unobserved periods. Thus, our evaluation of the flux of the pair echo is conservative and the deduced constraints are much more robust compared to previous studies.

Takahashi, Keitaro; Ichiki, Kiyotomo; Inoue, Susumu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Nonlinear excitation of second sound in quantum solutions He3-He4 due to light wave absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear excitation of second sound in superfluid solutions He3-He4 by light waves due to their absorption is discussed. Nonlinear wave equations that model the interaction of second-sound waves with light waves are derived, the expression for the nonlinear interaction length is obtained and an order-of-magnitude numerical estimate of the distance at which a second-sound wave could be amplified from a fluctuation level up to observable values is performed.

N. I. Pushkina

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

24

Study of Pu consumption in Advanced Light Water Reactors. Evaluation of GE Advanced Boiling Water Reactor plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Timely disposal of the weapons plutonium is of paramount importance to permanently safeguarding this material. GE`s 1300 MWe Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) has been designed to utilize fill] core loading of mixed uranium-plutonium oxide fuel. Because of its large core size, a single ABWR reactor is capable of disposing 100 metric tons of plutonium within 15 years of project inception in the spiking mode. The same amount of material could be disposed of in 25 years after the start of the project as spent fuel, again using a single reactor, while operating at 75 percent capacity factor. In either case, the design permits reuse of the stored spent fuel assemblies for electrical energy generation for the remaining life of the plant for another 40 years. Up to 40 percent of the initial plutonium can also be completely destroyed using ABWRS, without reprocessing, either by utilizing six ABWRs over 25 years or by expanding the disposition time to 60 years, the design life of the plants and using two ABWRS. More complete destruction would require the development and testing of a plutonium-base fuel with a non-fertile matrix for an ABWR or use of an Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor (ALMR). The ABWR, in addition, is fully capable of meeting the tritium target production goals with already developed target technology.

Not Available

1993-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

25

Formation of Light Isotopes by Protons and Deuterons of 3.65 GeV/nucleon on Separated Tin Isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We measure cross sections for residual nuclide formation in the mass range 6 tin isotopes (112-Sn, 118-Sn, 120-Sn, 124-Sn). The experimental data are compared with calculations by the codes FLUKA, LAHET, CEM03, and LAQGSM03. Scaling behavior is observed for the whole mass region of residual nuclei, showing a possible multifragmentation mechanism for the formation of light products (6 < A < 31). Our analysis of the isoscaling dependence also shows a possible contribution of multifragmentation to the production of heavier nuclides, in the mass region 39 < A < 81.

A. R. Balabekyan; A. S. Danagulyan; J. R. Drnoyan; G. H. Hovhannisyan; J. Adam; V. G. Kalinnikov; M. I. Krivopustov; V. S. Pronskikh; V. I. Stegailov; A. A. Solnyshkin; P. Chaloun; V. M. Tsoupko-Sitnikov; S. G. Mashnik; K. K. Gudima

2005-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

26

Solution Processed Tungsten Oxide Interfacial Layer for Efficient Hole-Injection in Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2/2014 Solution Processed Tungsten Oxide Interfacial Layer for Efficient Hole-Injection in Quantum Layer for Efficient Hole-Injection in Quantum Dot Light- Emitting Diodes Xuyong Yang, Evren Mutlugun-based devices, the organic interfacial buffer layers have inferior thermal stability. Efforts to replace PEDOT

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

27

Phenomenology of a very light scalar (100 MeV $GeV) mixing with the SM Higgs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we investigate the phenomenology of a very light scalar, $h$, with mass 100 MeV $GeV, mixing with the SM Higgs. As a benchmark model we take the real singlet scalar extension of the SM. We point out apparently unresolved uncertainties in the branching ratios and lifetime of $h$ in a crucial region of parameter space for LHC phenomenology. Bounds from LEP, meson decays and fixed target experiments are reviewed. We also examine prospects at the LHC. For $m_h \\lesssim m_B$ the dominant production mechanism is via meson decay; our main result is the calculation of the differential $p_T$ spectrum of $h$ scalars originating from B mesons and the subsequent prediction of up to thousands of moderate (triggerable) $p_T$ displaced dimuons possibly hiding in the existing dataset at ATLAS/CMS or at LHCb. We also demonstrate that the subdominant $Vh$ production channel has the best sensitivity for $m_h \\gtrsim m_B$ and that future bounds in this region could conceivably compete with those of LEP.

Jackson D. Clarke; Robert Foot; Raymond R. Volkas

2014-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

28

Updated cosmic-ray and radio constraints on light dark matter: Implications for the GeV gamma-ray excess at the Galactic center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The apparent gamma-ray excess in the Galactic center region and inner Galaxy has attracted considerable interest, notably because both its spectrum and radial distribution are consistent with an interpretation in terms of annihilating dark matter particles with a mass of about 10-40 GeV. We confront such an interpretation with an updated compilation of various indirect dark matter detection bounds, which we adapt to the specific form required by the observed signal. We find that cosmic-ray positron data strongly rule out dark matter annihilating to light leptons, or 'democratically' to all leptons, as an explanation of the signal. Cosmic-ray antiprotons, for which we present independent and significantly improved limits with respect to previous estimates, are already in considerable tension with DM annihilation to any combination of quark final states; the first set of AMS-02 data will thus be able to rule out or confirm the DM hypothesis with high confidence. For reasonable assumptions about the magnetic field in the Galactic center region, radio observations independently put very severe constraints on a DM interpretation of the excess, in particular for all leptonic annihilation channels.

Torsten Bringmann; Martin Vollmann; Christoph Weniger

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

29

Static light scattering and small-angle neutron scattering study on aggregated recombinant gelatin in aqueous solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Static Light Scattering and Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Study on Aggregated Recombinant Gelatin in Aqueous Solution A. Ramzi 1, M. Sutter 2, W.E. Hennink 1, W. Jiskoot 1,2 1 Department of Pharmaceutics, UIPS, Utrecht University, The Netherlands...-angle neutron scattering (SANS) for detecting aggregation of recombinant gelatin in aqueous solution and to obtain structural information about the aggregates. Recombinant Gelatin: RG-15-His 5.6Ser 25.2Pro 1.9Lys 3.7His 34.2Gly 15.5Gln 5.2Glu 11.8Asn 1.2Ala...

Sutter, Marc

2006-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

30

Light curve solutions of six eclipsing binaries at the lower limit of periods of the W UMa stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photometric observations in V and I bands of six eclipsing binaries at the lower limit of the orbital periods of W UMa stars are presented. Three of them are newly discovered eclipsing systems. The light curve solutions revealed that all short-period targets were contact or overcontact binaries and added new six binaries to the family of short-period systems with estimated parameters. Four binaries have equal in size components and mass ratio near 1. The phase variability of the V-I colors of all targets may be explained by lower temperatures of their back surfaces than those of their side surfaces. Five systems revealed O'Connell effect that was reproduced by cool spots on the side surfaces of their primary components. The light curves of V1067 Her in 2011 and 2012 were fitted by diametrically opposite spots. The applying of the criteria for subdivision of the W UMa stars to our targets led to ambiguous results.

Kjurkchieva, Diana P; Ibryamov, Sunay I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

olymer solutions and solids that con-tain light-sensitive molecules can  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or nanoscale applications, for example in micro- robots in medicine or optical microtweezers. We prepared of frames indi- cating how such a film can be bent along a precisely controlled direction by irradiation the film before light irradiation; counting clockwise, the second shows how the film curls up after

Lin, Xi

32

Simulation of light generation in cholesteric liquid crystals using kinetic equations: Time-independent solution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the results of calculating the conditions for light generation in cholesteric liquid crystals doped with fluorescent dyes using kinetic equations. Specific features of spectral properties of the chiral cholesteric medium as a photonic structure and spatially distributed type of the feedback in the active medium are taken into account. The expression is derived for the threshold pump radiation intensity as a function of the dye concentration and sample thickness. The importance of taking into account the distributed loss level in the active medium for calculating the optimal parameters of the medium and for matching the calculated values with the results of experiments is demonstrated.

Shtykov, N. M., E-mail: nshtykov@mail.ru; Palto, S. P.; Umanskii, B. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Study of Pu consumption in advanced light water reactors: Evaluation of GE advanced boiling water reactor plants - compilation of Phase 1B task reports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains an extensive evaluation of GE advanced boiling water reactor plants prepared for United State Department of Energy. The general areas covered in this report are: core and system performance; fuel cycle; infrastructure and deployment; and safety and environmental approval.

NONE

1993-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

Studies of solution-processed organic light-emitting diodes and their materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A hitherto unexplored approach is presented in which a small molecule is used as a host to polymer guests in solution-processed OLEDs. We find that the small molecule host results in much more efficient devices than the often-used alternative polymer host when used for the guests presented. It is likely that nano- and microstructural differences between the hosts contribute to the improvements, which highlights some interesting characteristics that can help to better understand the nature of these mixtures. A number of the guests used in this study were newly synthesized benzobisoxazole-based copolymers. New organic copolymers are presented that are based on the chemical structure of benzobisoxazoles, which have been shown in the past to have good electron transporting properties. The novel concept in this publication pertains to a change in the direction of polymerization, also known as the conjugation pathway, which we show increases the emission efficiency. This work highlights a unique and useful property of organic semiconducting materials in that they can be synthesized to create the desired characteristics. Earlier work is described that kick-started in our research group the use of small molecules in solution-processed OLEDs. Originally these devices were to be used in magnetoresistance studies, but the project took a different path when the devices were more efficient than expected. The efficient use of small molecules in solution-processed OLEDs is highlighted, which at the time was not often the case. Also, the important observation of the effect of solvent choice on the resultant film is emphasized, with discussion of the likely cause of these effects. Microcavity OLEDs are introduced in which the transparent anode ITO is replaced with semi-transparent thin silver, which creates an optical cavity within the devices. The goal was to expand a previous work that created an on-chip spectrometer covering wavelengths 493 to 639 nm. In this case, a spin-coated mixed emitting layer (EML) is used, consisting of a polymer and a small molecule that both emit in the near UV and blue. The resulting combined spectra gives a wide band that can be used to create narrow microcavity emission peaks of 373 to 469 nm, depending on the device thickness (i.e. the cavity’s optical length). In the process of this effort, the mixed EML presented interesting complexities that we attempt to explain via simulation and morphology study.

Hellerich, Emily [Ames Laboratory] [Ames Laboratory

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Synthesis and Characterization of the Mg2SixGe1-x Solid Solution Eva Ratai, Matthew P. Augustine,* and Susan M. Kauzlarich*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

germanide (Mg2Ge) are intermetallic compounds that crystallize in the antifluorite structure type in Figure 1 can be described as a Zintl compound where the electropositive Mg metal loses electrons,17 An exceptionally useful tool that has been used to characterize a number of transition metal silicides is solid

Augustine, Mathew P.

36

Robust Lower Bounds on Magnetic Fields in Intergalactic Voids from Long-Term GeV-TeV Light Curves of the Blazar Mrk 421  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lower bounds are derived on the amplitude B of intergalactic magnetic fields (IGMFs) in the region between our Galaxy and the blazar Mrk 421, from constraints on the delayed GeV flux of pair echos that are emitted by secondary electrons and positrons produced in gamma-gamma interactions between primary TeV gamma-rays and the cosmic infrared background. The distribution of galaxies mapped by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey shows that this region is dominated by a large intergalactic void. We utilize data from long-term, simultaneous GeV-TeV observations by the Fermi Large Area Telescope and the ARGO-YBJ experiment extending over 600 days. For an assumed value of B, we evaluate the daily GeV flux of the pair echo expected from the TeV data, select the dates where this exceeds the Fermi 2-sigma sensitivity, compute the probability that this flux is excluded by the Fermi data for each date, and then combine the probabilities using the inverse normal method. Consequently, we exclude B < 10^(-20.5) G for a field co...

Takahashi, Keitaro; Ichiki, Kiyotomo; Inoue, Susumu; Takami, Hajime

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The conformational evolution of elongated polymer solutions tailors the polarization of light-emission from organic nanofibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymer fibers are currently exploited in tremendously important technologies. Their innovative properties are mainly determined by the behavior of the polymer macromolecules under the elongation induced by external mechanical or electrostatic forces, characterizing the fiber drawing process. Although enhanced physical properties were observed in polymer fibers produced under strong stretching conditions, studies of the process-induced nanoscale organization of the polymer molecules are not available, and most of fiber properties are still obtained on an empirical basis. Here we reveal the orientational properties of semiflexible polymers in electrospun nanofibers, which allow the polarization properties of active fibers to be finely controlled. Modeling and simulations of the conformational evolution of the polymer chains during electrostatic elongation of semidilute solutions demonstrate that the molecules stretch almost fully within less than 1 mm from jet start, increasing polymer axial orientation at the jet center. The nanoscale mapping of the local dichroism of individual fibers by polarized near-field optical microscopy unveils for the first time the presence of an internal spatial variation of the molecular order, namely the presence of a core with axially aligned molecules and a sheath with almost radially oriented molecules. These results allow important and specific fiber properties to be manipulated and tailored, as here demonstrated for the polarization of emitted light.

Andrea Camposeo; Israel Greenfeld; Francesco Tantussi; Maria Moffa; Francesco Fuso; Maria Allegrini; Eyal Zussman; Dario Pisignano

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

38

Photocatalytic degradation of pentachlorophenol in aqueous solution by visible light sensitive N-F-codoped TiO{sub 2} photocatalyst  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Schematic representation for the visible light photocatalytic process of N and F codoped TiO{sub 2}. Highlights: ? Visible light sensitive N-F-codoped TiO{sub 2}. ? Photocatalytic degradation of pentachlorophenol. ? Effect of oxidants on photocatalytic degradation of pentachlorophenol. ? PMS is a more efficient oxidant for the photodegradation of PCP. - Abstract: In this present study, N-F-codoped titanium dioxide nanocatalyst (NFTO) has been synthesized by simple sol–gel assisted solvothermal method for the effective utilization of visible light in photocatalytic reactions. Structural characterization of the photocatalyst is analyzed by XRD, UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), SEM and TEM. Moreover the chemical statuses of NFTO are gathered by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results show that a high surface area with photoactive anatase phase crystalline is obtained. In addition, nitrogen and fluorine atoms are doped into TiO{sub 2} crystal lattice to extend the visible light absorption and higher photocatalytic activity. The photocatalytic degradation of pentachlorophenol in aqueous solution is examined under visible light irradiation, the addition of oxidants such as PMS, PDS and H{sub 2}O{sub 2} is analyzed in detail. The rate of photocatalytic degradation of pentachlorophenol is obtained in the following order: PMS > PDS > H{sub 2}O{sub 2}.

Govindan, Kadarkarai, E-mail: govindanmu@gmail.com [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, School of Chemistry, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625021 (India); Water Chemistry Lab, Water Institute, Karunya University, Coimbatore 641 114 (India); Murugesan, Sepperumal [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, School of Chemistry, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625021 (India); Maruthamuthu, Pitchai [Department of Energy (Chemistry-Interdisciplinary), University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600025 (India)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

Shedding light on LMA-Dark solar neutrino solution by medium baseline reactor experiments: JUNO and RENO-50  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the presence of Non-Standard neutral current Interactions (NSI) a new solution to solar neutrino anomaly with $\\cos 2\\theta_{12}<0$ appears. We investigate how this solution can be tested by upcoming intermediate baseline reactor experiments, JUNO and RENO-50. We point out a degeneracy between the two solutions when both hierarchy and the $\\theta_{12}$ octant are flipped. We then comment on how this degeneracy can be partially lifted by long baseline experiments sensitive to matter effects such as the NOvA experiment.

Pouya Bakhti; Yasaman Farzan

2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

40

GE Research and Development | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for the World Introducing the Brazil Technology Center What Works: Mark Little on Green Energy Innovations Words of Wisdom for Young Women innovate Latest News GE,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Hydrogen generation by visible light irradiation of ruthenium complexes and colloidal platinum stabilized by viologen polymers in aqueous solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hydrogen generation from water on the irradiation of visible light has recently attracted the attention of many investigators, because it affords one of the most promising approaches to chemical conversion of solar energy and production of renewable energy resources. In an attempt to construct efficient systems for chemical conversion of light energy, the present authors have found that photoinduced redox reactions in various molecular assemblies are very well suited for the purpose. Along this line, water-soluble polymers with pendant viologen groups and colloidal platinum have been prepared to study the electron transport properties and hydrogen generation in the polymer system. An attempt has also been made to synthesize polysoap-type viologen polymers in order to concentrate photosensitizer, electron mediator, and multielectron redox catalyst so that the hydrogen-generating efficiency is increased by the cooperation of the relevant species on the same polymer. The results are described.

Nishijima, T.; Nagamura, T.; Matsuo, T.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

GE Healthcare Antibody Purification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.....................................................................................................................4 Chapter 3. Small-scale purification by affinity chromatography......................43 GeneralGE Healthcare Antibody Purification Handbook GE Healthcare imagination at work agination at work Purification Handbook Principles and Methods 18-1142-75 Isolation of mononuclear cells Methodology

Lebendiker, Mario

43

Advanced Lighting Technologies | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformationCenterResearch Highlights MediaFuelAbout Us >

44

Smart Street Lights | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus Tom Fletcher,Future | Department of Energy New

45

High-performance solution of hierarchical equations of motions for studying energy-transfer in light-harvesting complexes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Excitonic models of light-harvesting complexes, where the vibrational degrees of freedom are treated as a bath, are commonly used to describe the motion of the electronic excitation through a molecule. Recent experiments point toward the possibility of memory effects in this process and require to consider time non-local propagation techniques. The hierarchical equations of motion (HEOM) were proposed by Ishizaki and Fleming to describe the site-dependent reorganization dynamics of protein environments (J. Chem. Phys., 130, p. 234111, 2009), which plays a significant role in photosynthetic electronic energy transfer. HEOM are often used as a reference for other approximate methods, but have been implemented only for small systems due to their adverse computational scaling with the system size. Here, we show that HEOM are also solvable for larger systems, since the underlying algorithm is ideally suited for the usage of graphics processing units (GPU). The tremendous reduction in computational time due to the GPU allows us to perform a systematic study of the energy-transfer efficiency in the Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) light-harvesting complex at physiological temperature under full consideration of memory-effects. We find that approximative methods differ qualitatively and quantitatively from the HEOM results and discuss the importance of finite temperature to achieve high energy-transfer efficiencies.

Christoph Kreisbeck; Tobias Kramer; Mirta Rodriguez; Birgit Hein

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

46

Solution synthesis of germanium nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for providing a route for the synthesis of a Ge(0) nanometer-sized material from. A Ge(II) precursor is dissolved in a ligand heated to a temperature, generally between approximately 100.degree. C. and 400.degree. C., sufficient to thermally reduce the Ge(II) to Ge(0), where the ligand is a compound that can bond to the surface of the germanium nanomaterials to subsequently prevent agglomeration of the nanomaterials. The ligand encapsulates the surface of the Ge(0) material to prevent agglomeration. The resulting solution is cooled for handling, with the cooling characteristics useful in controlling the size and size distribution of the Ge(0) materials. The characteristics of the Ge(II) precursor determine whether the Ge(0) materials that result will be nanocrystals or nanowires.

Gerung, Henry (Albuquerque, NM); Boyle, Timothy J. (Kensington, MD); Bunge, Scott D. (Cuyahoga Falls, OH)

2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

47

GE Researcher Discusses Leadership | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr Flickr Editor's note:ComputingFusionSan Ramon, USA SanOpens NewGE,GE

48

GE, Sandia National Lab Improve Wind Turbines | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GE, Sandia National Lab Discover Pathway to Quieter, More Productive Wind Turbines GE, Sandia National Lab Discover Pathway to Quieter, More Productive Wind Turbines Use of...

49

Purdue, GE Collaborate On Advanced Manufacturing | GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the production side. For manufacturing operations the size of GE's, just a 1 percent improvement in manufacturing productivity would save 500 million." GE and Purdue have been...

50

Chevron, GE form Technology Alliance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

form Technology Alliance February 3, 2014 HOUSTON, TX, Feb. 3, 2014-Chevron Energy Technology Company and GE Oil & Gas announced today the creation of the Chevron GE Technology...

51

A new endstation at the Swiss Light Source for ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements of liquid solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new liquid microjet endstation designed for ultraviolet (UPS) and X-ray (XPS) photoelectron, and partial electron yield X-ray absorption (XAS) spectroscopies at the Swiss Light Source is presented. The new endstation, which is based on a Scienta HiPP-2 R4000 electron spectrometer, is the first liquid microjet endstation capable of operating in vacuum and in ambient pressures up to the equilibrium vapor pressure of liquid water at room temperature. In addition, the Scienta HiPP-2 R4000 energy analyzer of this new endstation allows for XPS measurements up to 7000 eV electron kinetic energy that will enable electronic structure measurements of bulk solutions and buried interfaces from liquid microjet samples. The endstation is designed to operate at the soft X-ray SIM beamline and at the tender X-ray Phoenix beamline. The endstation can also be operated using a Scienta 5 K ultraviolet helium lamp for dedicated UPS measurements at the vapor-liquid interface using either He I or He II ? lines. The design concept, first results from UPS, soft X-ray XPS, and partial electron yield XAS measurements, and an outlook to the potential of this endstation are presented.

Brown, Matthew A.; Redondo, Amaia Beloqui; Duyckaerts, Nicolas; Mächler, Jean-Pierre [Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zürich, CH-8093 Zürich (Switzerland)] [Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zürich, CH-8093 Zürich (Switzerland); Jordan, Inga; Wörner, Hans Jakob [Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, ETH Zürich, CH-8093 Zürich (Switzerland)] [Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, ETH Zürich, CH-8093 Zürich (Switzerland); Lee, Ming-Tao; Ammann, Markus; Nolting, Frithjof; Kleibert, Armin; Huthwelker, Thomas; Birrer, Mario; Honegger, Juri; Wetter, Reto [Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)] [Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Bokhoven, Jeroen A. van [Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zürich, CH-8093 Zürich (Switzerland) [Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zürich, CH-8093 Zürich (Switzerland); Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Modifying the organic/electrode interface in Organic Solar Cells (OSCs) and improving the efficiency of solution-processed phosphorescent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLEDs)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Organic semiconductors devices, such as, organic solar cells (OSCs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) have drawn increasing interest in recent decades. As organic materials are flexible, light weight, and potentially low-cost, organic semiconductor devices are considered to be an alternative to their inorganic counterparts. This dissertation will focus mainly on OSCs and OLEDs. As a clean and renewable energy source, the development of OSCs is very promising. Cells with 9.2% power conversion efficiency (PCE) were reported this year, compared to < 8% two years ago. OSCs belong to the so-called third generation solar cells and are still under development. While OLEDs are a more mature and better studied field, with commercial products already launched in the market, there are still several key issues: (1) the cost of OSCs/OLEDs is still high, largely due to the costly manufacturing processes; (2) the efficiency of OSCs/OLEDs needs to be improved; (3) the lifetime of OSCs/OLEDs is not sufficient compared to their inorganic counterparts; (4) the physics models of the behavior of the devices are not satisfactory. All these limitations invoke the demand for new organic materials, improved device architectures, low-cost fabrication methods, and better understanding of device physics. For OSCs, we attempted to improve the PCE by modifying the interlayer between active layer/metal. We found that ethylene glycol (EG) treated poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): polystyrenesulfonate (PEDOT: PSS) improves hole collection at the metal/polymer interface, furthermore it also affects the growth of the poly(3- hexylthiophene) (P3HT):phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blends, making the phase segregation more favorable for charge collection. We then studied organic/inorganic tandem cells. We also investigated the effect of a thin LiF layer on the hole-collection of copper phthalocyanine (CuPc)/C70-based small molecular OSCs. A thin LiF layer serves typically as the electron injection layer in OLEDs and electron collection interlayer in the OSCs. However, several reports showed that it can also assist in holeinjection in OLEDs. Here we first demonstrate that it assists hole-collection in OSCs, which is more obvious after air-plasma treatment, and explore this intriguing dual role. For OLEDs, we focus on solution processing methods to fabricate highly efficient phosphorescent OLEDs. First, we investigated OLEDs with a polymer host matrix, and enhanced charge injection by adding hole- and electron-transport materials into the system. We also applied a hole-blocking and electron-transport material to prevent luminescence quenching by the cathode. Finally, we substituted the polymer host by a small molecule, to achieve more efficient solution processed small molecular OLEDs (SMOLEDs); this approach is cost-effective in comparison to the more common vacuum thermal evaporation. All these studies help us to better understand the underlying relationship between the organic semiconductor materials and the OSCs and OLEDs’ performance and will subsequently assist in further enhancing the efficiencies of OSCs and OLEDs. With better efficiency and longer lifetime, the OSCs and OLEDs will be competitive with their inorganic counterparts.

Xiao, Teng

2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

53

Figure 5.19. Light micrographs showing the microstructure of duplex rolled metal IC381 solution treated at 1300 C for 26 hours and then quenched into  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of duplex rolled metal IC381 solution treated at 1300 °C for 26 hours and then quenched into water the microstructure of duplex rolled metal IC373 solution treated at 1300 QC for 26 hours amI then quenched into water solution treated at 1300 QC for 26 hours and then quenched into water. The llleasured volullle fraction

Cambridge, University of

54

Robust Waste-to-Value Solution Using Advanced Monitoring and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Monitoring and Controls Introduction Waste-to-value is a promising and comprehensive wastewater processing solution being pursued by GE that recovers valuable energy and purified...

55

Quantum correlation between the selection of the problem and that of the solution sheds light on the mechanism of the quantum speed-up  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In classical problem solving, there is, of course, correlation between the selection of the problem on the part of Bob (the problem setter) and that of the solution on the part of Alice (the problem solver). In quantum problem solving, this correlation becomes quantum. This means that Alice contributes to selecting 50% of the information that specifies the problem. As the solution is a function of the problem, this gives to Alice advanced knowledge of 50% of the information that specifies the solution. Both the quadratic and exponential speed-ups are explained by the fact that quantum algorithms start from this advanced knowledge.

Castagnoli, Giuseppe [Via San Bernardo 9/A, I-16030 Pieve Ligure (Genova) (Italy)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

1-Dodecane-sulfonic-acid-sodium-salt(LAS) assisted hydrothermal synthesis of Cd{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}S solid solution as efficient photocatalysts under visible light irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With anionic surfactant LAS assisted, series of zinc cadmium sulfide semiconductor photocatalysts were synthesized by hydrothermal method. These products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis absorption spectra (UV-Vis) and scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The photocatalytic activities of as-prepared samples were evaluated by photocatalytic hydrogen production from water under visible-light irradiation. The best synthesis parameters are: Composition 0.9:0.1 (Cd:Zn molar ratio), Temperature 160 deg. C, Hydrothermal Time 48 Hour, LAS Concentration 1.7 mmol/L, the maximum visible-light-catalytic hydrogen production rate is 161.25 {mu}mol/h (lambda>430 nm) which is higher than those of by coprecipitation method. The experiment results indicate that surfactant assisted hydrothermal method is an effective way to get highly active CdZnS solid solution photocatalyst.

Jia, B.; Guo, L. J. [State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University (China)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

GE Wins Manufacturing Leadership Award |GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

secured software platform that delivers data and visualizations to all major artificial lift functions at GE Oil & Gas. Several analytic modules were built to extract meaningful...

58

GE, University of Washington Disease Detection | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

excited about this team's unique ability to combine new designs for paper-based microfluidics with new nucleic amplification methods and GE's novel paper chemistries to help...

59

The GE Store  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2 and NbSe2DifferentThe Five FastestFuturePowering|GE

60

Enhanced ferromagnetic order in Sr{sub 4}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} featuring canted [MnO{sub 4}]{sub ?} spin chains of mixed-valent Mn(III)/Mn(IV). Aliovalent substitution of the Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn{sup III}{sub 2+x}Mn{sup IV}{sub 1?x}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} solid-solution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystals of Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} (x=0; x?0.15 for Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm. Eu, Gd, Dy; x?0.3 for Ln=Gd) were isolated upon using high-temperature, solid-state methods in molten-salt media. These compounds are isostructural with the previously reported Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3} (Ln=La, Sm, Gd) series that contains the same [MnO{sub 4}]{sub ?} spin chains. The synthesis of the Sr{sub 4}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} (x=0) phase was carried out by a double aliovalent substitution with respect to the Sr{sup 2+} and Ge{sup 4+} ions that replace Na{sup +}/Ln{sup 3+} and As{sup 5+} in Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3}, respectively. The title series contains mixed-valent Mn(III)/Mn(IV) and shows a limited range of solid solution, both of which were not observed in the previously reported Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3} series. To form the Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} solid solution, one of the Sr{sup 2+} sites, i.e., the original Ln-site in Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3}, is partially substituted by Ln{sup 3+} in a statistical disorder of Sr{sub 1?x}/Ln{sub x}. Initial magnetic investigations of selected derivatives reveal higher ferromagnetic ordering temperatures than those reported for the Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3} series, presumably attributed to a lesser degree of canting as a result of introducing non-Jahn–Teller Mn{sup 4+} ions. Also intriguing is the observation of multiple anomalies at low temperatures which appear to be of electronic origins. - Graphical abstract: Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn(III){sub 2+x}Mn(IV){sub 1?x}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3}. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Double aliovalent substitution: Sr{sub 4}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} with respect to Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3}. • Solid solution with respect to statistical disorder of Sr{sub 1?x}Ln{sub x} in one of the two Sr sites. • Mn{sup 3+}/Mn{sup 4+} magnetic ions are spatially arranged in a triangular kagomé fashion. • Enhanced ferromagnetic ordering attributed to doping non-Jahn–Teller Mn{sup 4+}.

West, J. Palmer; Sulejmanovic, Dino [Department of Chemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Becht, Gregory [E. I. du Pont, Wilmington, DE 19880-0500 (United States); He, Jian; Hitchcock, Dale [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Yan, Yonggao [Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Hwu, Shiou-Jyh, E-mail: shwu@clemson.edu [Department of Chemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Evaporation-based Ge/.sup.68 Ga Separation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Micro concentrations of .sup.68 Ga in secular equilibrium with .sup.68 Ge in strong aqueous HCl solution may readily be separated in ionic form from the .sup.68 Ge for biomedical use by evaporating the solution to dryness and then leaching the .sup.68 Ga from the container walls with dilute aqueous solutions of HCl or NaCl. The chloro-germanide produced during the evaporation may be quantitatively recovered to be used again as a source of .sup.68 Ga. If the solution is distilled to remove any oxidizing agents which may be present as impurities, the separation factor may easily exceed 10.sup.5. The separation is easily completed and the .sup.68 Ga made available in ionic form in 30 minutes or less.

Mirzadeh, Saed (Albuquerque, NM); Whipple, Richard E. (Los Alamos, NM); Grant, Patrick M. (Los Alamos, NM); O'Brien, Jr., Harold A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

GE Teams with NY College to Pilot SOFC Technology |GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to the 1-10MW range and accelerate the commercialization of GE Fuel Cell's Hybrid Solid Oxide Fuel Cell System. About GE GE (NYSE: GE) works on things that matter. The best...

63

Ge{sub 1-y}Sn{sub y} (y = 0.01-0.10) alloys on Ge-buffered Si: Synthesis, microstructure, and optical properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Novel hydride chemistries are employed to deposit light-emitting Ge{sub 1-y}Sn{sub y} alloys with y???0.1 by Ultra-High Vacuum Chemical Vapor Deposition (UHV-CVD) on Ge-buffered Si wafers. The properties of the resultant materials are systematically compared with similar alloys grown directly on Si wafers. The fundamental difference between the two systems is a fivefold (and higher) decrease in lattice mismatch between film and virtual substrate, allowing direct integration of bulk-like crystals with planar surfaces and relatively low dislocation densities. For y???0.06, the CVD precursors used were digermane Ge{sub 2}H{sub 6} and deuterated stannane SnD{sub 4}. For y???0.06, the Ge precursor was changed to trigermane Ge{sub 3}H{sub 8,} whose higher reactivity enabled the fabrication of supersaturated samples with the target film parameters. In all cases, the Ge wafers were produced using tetragermane Ge{sub 4}H{sub 10} as the Ge source. The photoluminescence intensity from Ge{sub 1?y}Sn{sub y}/Ge films is expected to increase relative to Ge{sub 1?y}Sn{sub y}/Si due to the less defected interface with the virtual substrate. However, while Ge{sub 1?y}Sn{sub y}/Si films are largely relaxed, a significant amount of compressive strain may be present in the Ge{sub 1?y}Sn{sub y}/Ge case. This compressive strain can reduce the emission intensity by increasing the separation between the direct and indirect edges. In this context, it is shown here that the proposed CVD approach to Ge{sub 1?y}Sn{sub y}/Ge makes it possible to approach film thicknesses of about 1??m, for which the strain is mostly relaxed and the photoluminescence intensity increases by one order of magnitude relative to Ge{sub 1?y}Sn{sub y}/Si films. The observed strain relaxation is shown to be consistent with predictions from strain-relaxation models first developed for the Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x}/Si system. The defect structure and atomic distributions in the films are studied in detail using advanced electron-microscopy techniques, including aberration corrected STEM imaging and EELS mapping of the average diamond–cubic lattice.

Senaratne, C. L.; Kouvetakis, J. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1604 (United States); Gallagher, J. D.; Jiang, Liying; Smith, D. J.; Menéndez, J. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1504 (United States); Aoki, Toshihiro [LeRoy Eyring Center for Solid State Science, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1704 (United States)

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

64

Cold Spray and GE Technology | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

difference of the work done at GE Global Research is the development of cold spray for additive manufacturing, where we adapt this novel coating process to build 3D shapes....

65

GE, Berkeley Energy Storage for Electric Vehicles | GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Just Add Water: GE, Berkeley Lab Explore Possible Key to Energy Storage for Electric Vehicles Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new...

66

Commercial Lighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Commercial lighting accounts for more than 20 percent of total commercial building energy use. The Energy Department works to reduce lighting energy use through research and deployment.

67

GE Uses DOE Advanced Light Sources to Develop Revolutionary Battery  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadoreConnecticut Regions National Science2 FusionSCGF(SC)Technology

68

Infrared electroluminescence from GeSn heterojunction diodes grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Infrared electroluminescence was observed from GeSn/Ge p-n heterojunction diodes with 8% Sn, grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The GeSn layers were boron doped, compressively strained, and pseudomorphic on Ge substrates. Spectral measurements indicated an emission peak at 0.57 eV, about 50 meV wide, increasing in intensity with applied pulsed current, and with reducing device temperatures. The total integrated emitted power from a single edge facet was 54 {mu}W at an applied peak current of 100 mA at 100 K. These results suggest that GeSn-based materials maybe useful for practical light emitting diodes operating in the infrared wavelength range near 2 {mu}m.

Gupta, Jay Prakash; Bhargava, Nupur; Kim, Sangcheol; Kolodzey, James [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Adam, Thomas [Nanofab, University of Albany, SUNY, Albany, New York 12203 (United States)] [Nanofab, University of Albany, SUNY, Albany, New York 12203 (United States)

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

69

GE Wins Manufacturing Leadership Award |GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun with Big SkyDIII-D PerformanceGE ProgressGE

70

GE, Aavid Commercialize Dual Cool Jets Technology | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun with Big SkyDIII-D PerformanceGE ProgressGEandGE,

71

Chemical states and electronic structure of a HfO(-2) / Ge(001) interface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the chemical bonding structure and valence band alignment at the HfO{sub 2}/Ge (001) interface by systematically probing various core level spectra as well as valence band spectra using soft x-rays at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory. We investigated the chemical bonding changes as a function of depth through the dielectric stack by taking a series of synchrotron photoemission spectra as we etched through the HfO{sub 2} film using a dilute HF-solution. We found that a very non-stoichiometric GeO{sub x} layer exists at the HfO{sub 2}/Ge interface. The valence band spectra near the Fermi level in each different film structure were carefully analyzed, and as a result, the valence band offset between Ge and GeO{sub x} was determined to be {Delta}E{sub v} (Ge-GeO{sub x}) = 2.2 {+-} 0.15 eV, and that between Ge and HfO{sub 2}, {Delta}E{sub v} (Ge-HfO{sub 2}) = 2.7 {+-} 0.15 eV.

Seo, Kang-ill; McIntyre, Paul C.; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.; Sun, Shiyu; Lee, Dong-Ick; Pianetta, Piero; /SLAC, SSRL; Saraswat, Krishna C.; /Stanford U., Elect.

2005-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

72

Electroluminescence from Strained Ge membranes and Implications for an Efficient Si-Compatible Laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate room-temperature electroluminescence (EL) from light-emitting diodes (LED) on highly strained germanium (Ge) membranes. An external stressor technique was employed to introduce a 0.76% bi-axial tensile strain in the active region of a vertical PN junction. Electrical measurements show an on-off ratio increase of one order of magnitude in membrane LEDs compared to bulk. The EL spectrum from the 0.76% strained Ge LED shows a 100nm redshift of the center wavelength because of the strain-induced direct band gap reduction. Finally, using tight-binding and FDTD simulations, we discuss the implications for highly efficient Ge lasers.

Nam, Donguk; Cheng, Szu-Lin; Roy, Arunanshu; Huang, Kevin Chih-Yao; Brongersma, Mark; Nishi, Yoshio; Saraswat, Krishna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Technology "Relay Race" Against Cancer | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GE Scientists in Technology "Relay Race" Against Cancer GE Scientists in Technology "Relay Race" Against Cancer GE technologies being developed to impact every stage of cancer...

74

12 GeV detector technology at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) is presently in the middle of an upgrade to increase the energy of its CW electron beam from 6 GeV to 12 GeV along with the addition of a fourth experimental hall. Driven both by necessity and availability, novel detectors and electronics modules have been used in the upgrade. One such sensor is the Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM), specifically a Multi-Pixel Photon Counter (MPPC), which is an array of avalanche photodiode pixels operating in Geiger mode that are used to sense photons. The SiPMs replace conventional photomultiplier tubes and have several distinct advantages including the safe operation in a magnetic field and the lack of need for high voltage. Another key to 12 GeV success is advanced fast electronics. Jlab will use custom 250 MHz and 125 MHz 12-bit analog to digital converters (ADCs) and time to digital converters (TDCs) all of which take advantage of VME Switched Serial (VXS) bus with its GB/s high bandwidth readout capability. These new technologies will be used to readout drift chambers, calorimeters, spectrometers and other particle detectors at Jlab once the 12 GeV upgrade is complete. The largest experiment at Jlab utilizing these components is GlueX - an experiment in the newly constructed Hall D that will study the photoproduction of light mesons in the search for hybrid mesons. The performance of these components and their respective detectors will be presented.

Leckey, John P. [Indiana U.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

12 GeV detector technology at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) is presently in the middle of an upgrade to increase the energy of its CW electron beam from 6 GeV to 12 GeV along with the addition of a fourth experimental hall. Driven both by necessity and availability, novel detectors and electronics modules have been used in the upgrade. One such sensor is the Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM), specifically a Multi-Pixel Photon Counter (MPPC), which is an array of avalanche photodiode pixels operating in Geiger mode that are used to sense photons. The SiPMs replace conventional photomultiplier tubes and have several distinct advantages including the safe operation in a magnetic field and the lack of need for high voltage. Another key to 12 GeV success is advanced fast electronics. Jlab will use custom 250 MHz and 125 MHz 12-bit analog to digital converters (ADCs) and time to digital converters (TDCs) all of which take advantage of VME Switched Serial (VXS) bus with its GB/s high bandwidth readout capability. These new technologies will be used to readout drift chambers, calorimeters, spectrometers and other particle detectors at Jlab once the 12 GeV upgrade is complete. The largest experiment at Jlab utilizing these components is GlueX - an experiment in the newly constructed Hall D that will study the photoproduction of light mesons in the search for hybrid mesons. The performance of these components and their respective detectors will be presented.

Leckey, John P. [Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Collaboration: GlueX Collaboration

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

76

TVA- Energy Right Solutions for Business  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

TVA offers the Energy Right Solutions Program to commercial and industrial facilities. In addition to prescriptive rebates for lighting, motors, HVAC, and kitchen equipment, administrators take a...

77

TVA- Energy Right Solutions for Business (Virginia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) offers the Energy Right Solutions Program for commercial and industrial facilities. Prescriptive rebates are available for lighting, motors, HVAC, and kitchen...

78

TVA- Energy Right Solutions for Business (Georgia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

TVA offers the Energy Right Solutions Program to commercial and industrial facilities. In addition to prescriptive rebates for lighting, motors, HVAC, and kitchen equipment, administrators take a...

79

Advanced Combustion Concepts - Enabling Systems and Solutions...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Evaluation Meeting ace066yilmaz2013o.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Combustion Concepts - Enabling Systems and Solutions (ACCESS) for High Efficiency Light Duty...

80

GE Energy Formerly GE Power Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Smart Lighting Controller!! Smart lighting!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1! Smart Lighting Controller!! #12;2! Smart lighting! No need to spend energy lighting the room if://blogs.stthomas.edu/realestate/2011/01/24/residential-real-estate-professionals-how-do-you- develop feedback! There is a connection between the output and the input! Therefore forces inputs to same voltage

Anderson, Betty Lise

82

The heuristic solutions to a class of circle covering problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE HEURISTIC SOLUTIONS TO A CLASS OF CIRCLE COVERING PROBLEMS A Thesis by NENGHONG NORMAN GE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AIirM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering THE HEURITIC SOLUTIONS TO A CLASS OF CIRCLE COVERING PROBLEMS A Th'esis by NENGHONE NORMAN GE Approved as to style and content by: Mi Lu (Chair. of Commirce& Norman Grisw ld (Member) Karan...

Ge, Nenghong Norman

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Commercial Lighting and LED Lighting Incentives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Incentives for energy efficient commercial lighting equipment as well as commercial LED lighting equipment are available to businesses under the Efficiency Vermont Lighting and LED Lighting...

84

Purdue, GE Collaborate On Advanced Manufacturing | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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85

About GE Global Research Center | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformationCenterResearch Highlights MediaFuel Production ASUEMSL About EMSLAbout GE

86

Heat Transfer in GE Jet Engines | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Bigfront.jpgcommunity200cellHeat Transfer in GE Jet Engines Click to

87

GE, Berkeley Energy Storage for Electric Vehicles | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun with Big SkyDIII-D PerformanceGE

88

GE Partners on Microgrid Project | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr Flickr Editor's note:ComputingFusionSan Ramon, USA SanOpens NewGE,

89

Ars Technica Visits GE's China Technology Center | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone byDear Friend, Please,LaboratoryDecadeTechnica visits GE's

90

Lighting Renovations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

When undertaking a lighting renovation in a Federal building, daylighting is the primary renewable energy opportunity. Photovoltaics (PV) also present an excellent opportunity. While this guide...

91

Cerenkov Light  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light. Karl Slifer describes how nuclear physicists can use this phenomenon to study the nucleus of the atom.

Slifer, Karl

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

92

Cerenkov Light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light. Karl Slifer describes how nuclear physicists can use this phenomenon to study the nucleus of the atom.

Slifer, Karl

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

93

Chevron, GE form Technology Alliance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation SitesStandingtheirCheck InChemistry OxideChenChevron, GE form

94

Advanced Analytics | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUCProductstwrmrAre theAdministrator Referencesalkali metalsTiO2(110). |GE

95

GeV emission from Gamma-Ray Burst afterglows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the GeV afterglow emission expected from a few mechanisms related to GRBs and their afterglows. Given the brightness of the early X-ray afterglow emission measured by Swift/XRT, GLAST/LAT should detect the self-Compton emission from the forward-shock driven by the GRB ejecta into the circumburst medium. Novel features discovered by Swift in X-ray afterglows (plateaus and chromatic light-curve breaks) indicate the existence of a pair-enriched, relativistic outflow located behind the forward shock. Bulk and inverse-Compton upscattering of the prompt GRB emission by such outflows provide another source of GeV afterglow emission detectable by LAT. The large-angle burst emission and synchrotron forward-shock emission are, most likely, too dim at high photon energy to be observed by LAT. The spectral slope of the high-energy afterglow emission and its decay rate (if it can be measured) allow the identification of the mechanism producing the GeV transient emission following GRBs.

A. Panaitescu

2008-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

96

Thermal conductivity of the quark matter for the SU(2) light-flavor sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the thermal conductivity ($\\kappa$) of the quark matter at finite quark chemical potential $(\\mu)$ and temperature $(T)$, employing the Green-Kubo formula, for the SU(2) light-flavor sector with the finite current-quark mass $m=5$ MeV. As a theoretical framework, we construct an effective thermodynamic potential from the $(\\mu,T)$-modified liquid-instanton model (mLIM). Note that all the relevant model parameters are designated as functions of $T$, using the trivial-holonomy caloron solution. By solving the self-consistent equation of mLIM, we acquire the constituent-quark mass $M_0$ as a function of $T$ and $\\mu$, satisfying the universal-class patterns of the chiral phase transition. From the numerical results for $\\kappa$, we observe that there emerges a peak at $\\mu\\approx200$ MeV for the low-$T$ region, i.e. $T\\lesssim100$ MeV. As $T$ increase over $T\\approx100$ MeV, the curve for $\\kappa$ is almost saturated as a function of $T$ in the order of $\\sim10^{-1}\\,\\mathrm{GeV}^2$, and grows with respect to $\\mu$ smoothly. At the normal nuclear-matter density $\\rho_0=0.17\\,\\mathrm{fm}^{-3}$, $\\kappa$ shows its maximum $6.22\\,\\mathrm{GeV}^2$ at $T\\approx10$ MeV, then decreases exponentially down to $\\kappa\\approx0.2\\,\\mathrm{GeV}^2$. We also compute the ratio of $\\kappa$ and the entropy density, i.e. $\\kappa/s$ as a function of $(\\mu,T)$ which is a monotonically decreasing function for a wide range of $T$, then approaches a lower bound at very high $T$: $\\kappa/s_\\mathrm{min}\\gtrsim0.3\\,\\mathrm{GeV}^{-1}$ in the vicinity of $\\mu=0$.

Seung-il Nam

2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

97

Light-Front Holographic QCD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relation between the hadronic short-distance constituent quark and gluon particle limit and the long-range confining domain is yet one of the most challenging aspects of particle physics due to the strong coupling nature of Quantum Chromodynamics, the fundamental theory of the strong interactions. The central question is how one can compute hadronic properties from first principles; i.e., directly from the QCD Lagrangian. The most successful theoretical approach thus far has been to quantize QCD on discrete lattices in Euclidean space-time. Lattice numerical results follow from computation of frame-dependent moments of distributions in Euclidean space and dynamical observables in Minkowski spacetime, such as the time-like hadronic form factors, are not amenable to Euclidean lattice computations. The Dyson-Schwinger methods have led to many important insights, such as the infrared fixed point behavior of the strong coupling constant, but in practice, the analyses are limited to ladder approximation in Landau gauge. Baryon spectroscopy and the excitation dynamics of nucleon resonances encoded in the nucleon transition form factors can provide fundamental insight into the strong-coupling dynamics of QCD. New theoretical tools are thus of primary interest for the interpretation of the results expected at the new mass scale and kinematic regions accessible to the JLab 12 GeV Upgrade Project. The AdS/CFT correspondence between gravity or string theory on a higher-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space and conformal field theories in physical space-time has led to a semiclassical approximation for strongly-coupled QCD, which provides physical insights into its nonperturbative dynamics. The correspondence is holographic in the sense that it determines a duality between theories in different number of space-time dimensions. This geometric approach leads in fact to a simple analytical and phenomenologically compelling nonperturbative approximation to the full light-front QCD Hamiltonian 'Light-Front Holography'. Light-Front Holography is in fact one of the most remarkable features of the AdS/CFT correspondence. The Hamiltonian equation of motion in the light-front (LF) is frame independent and has a structure similar to eigenmode equations in AdS space. This makes a direct connection of QCD with AdS/CFT methods possible. Remarkably, the AdS equations correspond to the kinetic energy terms of the partons inside a hadron, whereas the interaction terms build confinement and correspond to the truncation of AdS space in an effective dual gravity approximation. One can also study the gauge/gravity duality starting from the bound-state structure of hadrons in QCD quantized in the light-front. The LF Lorentz-invariant Hamiltonian equation for the relativistic bound-state system is P{sub {mu}}P{sup {mu}}|{psi}(P)> = (P{sup +}P{sup -} - P{sub {perpendicular}}{sup 2})|{psi}(P)> = M{sup 2}|{psi}(P)>, P{sup {+-}} = P{sup 0} {+-} P{sup 3}, where the LF time evolution operator P{sup -} is determined canonically from the QCD Lagrangian. To a first semiclassical approximation, where quantum loops and quark masses are not included, this leads to a LF Hamiltonian equation which describes the bound-state dynamics of light hadrons in terms of an invariant impact variable {zeta} which measures the separation of the partons within the hadron at equal light-front time {tau} = x{sup 0} + x{sup 3}. This allows us to identify the holographic variable z in AdS space with an impact variable {zeta}. The resulting Lorentz-invariant Schroedinger equation for general spin incorporates color confinement and is systematically improvable. Light-front holographic methods were originally introduced by matching the electromagnetic current matrix elements in AdS space with the corresponding expression using LF theory in physical space time. It was also shown that one obtains identical holographic mapping using the matrix elements of the energy-momentum tensor by perturbing the AdS metric around its static solution. A gravity dual to QCD is not known, but th

Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins; de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.

2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

98

Modeling of GE Appliances: Final Presentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the final in a series of three reports funded by U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE-OE) in collaboration with GE Appliances’ through a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to describe the potential of GE Appliances’ DR-enabled appliances to provide benefits to the utility grid.

Fuller, Jason C.; Vyakaranam, Bharat; Leistritz, Sean M.; Parker, Graham B.

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

99

Monolithic Ge-on-Si lasers for integrated photonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report room temperature Ge-on-Si lasers with direct gap emission at 1590-1610 nm. Modeling of Ge/Si double heterojunction structures, which is supported by experimental results of Ge/Si LEDs, indicates the feasibility ...

Liu, Jifeng

100

Ge-on-Si laser for silicon photonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ge-on-Si devices are explored for photonic integration. Importance of Ge in photonics has grown and through techniques developed in our group we demonstrated low density of dislocations (<1x109cm-2) and point defects Ge ...

Camacho-Aguilera, Rodolfo Ernesto

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Development of Advanced Manufacturing Methods for Warm White LEDs for General Lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GE Lighting Solutions will develop precise and efficient manufacturing techniques for the “remote phosphor” platform of warm-white LED products. In volume, this will be demonstrated to drive significant materials, labor and capital productivity to achieve a maximum possible 53% reduction in overall cost. In addition, the typical total color variation for these white LEDs in production will be well within the ANSI bins and as low as a 4-step MacAdam ellipse centered on the black body curve. Achievement of both of these objectives will be demonstrated while meeting a performance target of > 75 lm/W for a warm-white LED and a reliability target of <30% lumen drop / <2-step MacAdam ellipse shift, estimated over 50,000 hrs.

Deshpande, Anirudha; Kolodin, Boris; Jacob, Cherian; Chowdhury, Ashfaqul; Kuenzler, Glenn; Sater, Karen; Aesram, Danny; Glaettli, Steven; Gallagher, Brian; Langer, Paul; Setlur, Anant; Beers, Bill

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

102

Engineer Receives UMass "Salute To Service" Award | GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

November 22, 2013 - GE Global Research, the technology development arm of the General Electric Company (NYSE: GE), is proud to announce that Dr. Marshall Jones, a world renowned...

103

Crowdsourcing Wins Manufacturing Leadership 100 | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NY, May 22, 2013 - GE Global Research, the technology development arm of the General Electric Co. (NYSE: GE) today announced that it has won a prestigious Manufacturing Leadership...

104

Nanotextured Anti-Icing Surfaces | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demonstrate Promising Anti-icing Nano Surfaces GE Scientists Demonstrate Promising Anti-icing Nano Surfaces GE Global Research today presented new research findings on its...

105

Butterfly-Inspired Thermal Imaging | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

primusenginefeaturedimage3 GE Innovation and Manufacturing in Europe 2-4-13-v-3d-printing-medical-devices Additive Manufacturing Demonstration at GE Global Research ...

106

Light Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A configuration of light pulses is generated, together with emitters and receptors, that allows computing. The computing is extraordinarily high in number of flops per second, exceeding the capability of a quantum computer for a given size and coherence region. The emitters and receptors are based on the quantum diode, which can emit and detect individual photons with high accuracy.

Gordon Chalmers

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

107

Energy band alignment of atomic layer deposited HfO{sub 2} oxide film on epitaxial (100)Ge, (110)Ge, and (111)Ge layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystallographically oriented epitaxial Ge layers were grown on (100), (110), and (111)A GaAs substrates by in situ growth process using two separate molecular beam epitaxy chambers. The band alignment properties of atomic layer hafnium oxide (HfO{sub 2}) film deposited on crystallographically oriented epitaxial Ge were investigated using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Valence band offset, {Delta}E{sub v} values of HfO{sub 2} relative to (100)Ge, (110)Ge, and (111)Ge orientations were 2.8 eV, 2.28 eV, and 2.5 eV, respectively. Using XPS data, variation in valence band offset, {Delta}E{sub V}(100)Ge>{Delta}E{sub V}(111)Ge>{Delta}E{sub V}(110)Ge, was obtained related to Ge orientation. Also, the conduction band offset, {Delta}E{sub c} relation, {Delta}E{sub c}(110)Ge>{Delta}E{sub c}(111)Ge>{Delta}E{sub c}(100)Ge related to Ge orientations was obtained using the measured bandgap of HfO{sub 2} on each orientation and with the Ge bandgap of 0.67 eV. These band offset parameters for carrier confinement would offer an important guidance to design Ge-based p- and n-channel metal-oxide field-effect transistor for low-power application.

Hudait, Mantu K.; Zhu Yan [Advanced Devices and Sustainable Energy Laboratory (ADSEL), Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

108

Ricardo's ACTION Strategy: An Enabling Light Duty Diesel Technology...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

light duty diesel solutions for the US market Technology Strategy Lowest system cost Engine technology selection Aftertreatment technology selection Control approach & OBD...

109

Light Water Reactor Sustainability Newsletter Thomas M. Rosseel  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laboratory (ORNL), through the Department of Energy's (DOE) Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program, is coordinating and contracting with Zion Solutions, LLC (a...

110

angle light scattering: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biological tissues tend Kim, Arnold D. 11 Static light scattering and small-angle neutron scattering study on aggregated recombinant gelatin in aqueous solution University...

111

Bright prospects for lighting retrofits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Great potential for energy savings can be found in the alleys, hallways and stairwells of multifamily buildings, but this potential is not always easy to realize. This article discusses the solution to common problems, retrofitting mistakes, retrofitting for savings, replacements for incandescent bulbs, better exit lights. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Hasterok, L. [Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corp., Madison, WI (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

GE's Christine Furstoss Named to NACIE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

companies like GE will need workers with new and advanced skills in areas like 3D printing and virtual design. It's all about growing a new generation of workforce skills,...

113

TVA- Energy Right Solutions for Business (North Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

TVA offers the Energy Right Solutions Program to commercial and industrial facilities. In addition to prescriptive rebates for lighting, motors, HVAC, and kitchen equipment, administrators take a...

114

Atomic scale insight into the amorphous structure of Cu doped GeTe phase-change material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GeTe shows promising application as a recording material for phase-change nonvolatile memory due to its fast crystallization speed and extraordinary amorphous stability. To further improve the performance of GeTe, various transition metals, such as copper, have been doped in GeTe in recent works. However, the effect of the doped transition metals on the stability of amorphous GeTe is not known. Here, we shed light on this problem for the system of Cu doped GeTe by means of ab initio molecular dynamics calculations. Our results show that the doped Cu atoms tend to agglomerate in amorphous GeTe. Further, base on analyzing the pair correlation functions, coordination numbers and bond angle distributions, remarkable changes in the local structure of amorphous GeTe induced by Cu are obviously seen. The present work may provide some clues for understanding the effect of early transition metals on the local structure of amorphous phase-change compounds, and hence should be helpful for optimizing the structure and performance of phase-change materials by doping transition metals.

Zhang, Linchuan; Sa, Baisheng [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Zhou, Jian; Sun, Zhimei, E-mail: zmsun@buaa.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, and Center for Integrated Computational Materials Engineering, International Research Institute for Multidisciplinary Science, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Song, Zhitang [State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Shanghai Institute of Micro-System and Information Technology, CAS, 200050 Shanghai (China)

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

115

Lighting Inventory Lighting Theatre and Drama  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lighting Inventory Lighting Theatre and Drama Description Totals R.Halls Wells- Metz Light ERS ETC SourceFour 25 25 50 degree ERS Strand Lighting 64 14 24 12 14 36 degree ERS ETC Source Four 15 15 36 degree ERS Strand Lighting 124 60 58 2 4 26 degree ERS ETC SourceFour 2 2 26 degree ERS Strand

Indiana University

116

Light Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LawrenceEfeedstocks and the climateLife a Light

117

Light' Darkness  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LawrenceEfeedstocks and the climateLifeLight to

118

Residential Lighting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared atEffectquestionnairesU.S. EnergyEnergy EfficiencyLighting

119

Cavitation and penetration in central collisions with light ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dynamical evolution of central collisions induced by GeV light-ion projectiles is examined with two different Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (BUU) calculations. For projectile energies above 1 GeV incident on heavy target nuclei, a region of depleted density develops in the core of the nucleus at times of the order of 30 fm/{ital c}, producing hot residues with significantly depleted density at longer times. The simulations predict penetration of the target by the projectile momentum front at incident energies near 4{endash}6 GeV, leading to a saturation of deposition energy. These results are examined in the context of marked changes in reaction observables reported for light-ion-induced collisions. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Wang, G.; Kwiatkowski, K.; Viola, V.E. [Department of Chemistry and IUCF, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and IUCF, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 (United States); Bauer, W.; Danielewicz, P. [Department of Physics and NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)] [Department of Physics and NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Pion Electromagnetic Form Factor up to 10 [GeV/]^2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The light-front approach is applied to calculate the electromagnetic current for quark-antiquark bound states for the pion. The pion electromagnetic form factor is obtnaide from the "+" and "-" components of the electromagnetic current in the Drell-Yan frame, with different models of the pi-q\\bar{q} vertex and the results for the pion electromagnetic form factor are compared with the experimental data up to 10 [GeV/c]^2 and anothers hadronic models. The rotational symmetry propreties of the pion electromagnetic current related with the zero-modes in the light-front are investigate.

J. P. B. C. de Melo

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Light Water Reactor Sustainability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program ACCOMPLISHMENTS REPORT 2013 Accomplishments Report | Light Water Reactor Sustainability 2 T he mission of the Light Water Reactor...

122

Light Water Reactor Sustainability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 Light Water Reactor Sustainability ACCOMPLISHMENTS REPORT 2014 Accomplishments Report | Light Water Reactor Sustainability 2 T he mission of the Light Water Reactor...

123

Sustainable Office Lighting Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Office Lighting Options Task Lighting: Task lighting is a localized method of lighting a workspace so that additional, unnecessary lighting is eliminated, decreasing energy usage and costs. Illumination levels in the targeted work areas are higher with task lighting than with the ambient levels

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

124

Lightweight Steel Solutions for Automotive Industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, improvement in fuel efficiency and safety has become the biggest issue in worldwide automotive industry. Although the regulation of environment and safety has been tightened up more and more, the majority of vehicle bodies are still manufactured from stamped steel components. This means that the optimized steel solutions enable to demonstrate its ability to reduce body weight with high crashworthiness performance instead of expensive light weight materials such as Al, Mg and composites. To provide the innovative steel solutions for automotive industry, POSCO has developed AHSS and its application technologies, which is directly connected to EVI activities. EVI is a technical cooperation program with customer covering all stages of new car project from design to mass production. Integrated light weight solutions through new forming technologies such as TWB, hydroforming and HPF are continuously developed and provided for EVI activities. This paper will discuss the detailed status of these technologies especially light weight steel solutions based on innovative technologies.

Lee, Hong Woo; Kim, Gyosung; Park, Sung Ho [Technical Research Laboratories, POSCO, 699, Gumho-dong, Gwangyang-si, Jeonnam, 545-090 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Quantum Dot Light Enhancement Substrate for OLED Solid-State Lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With DOE Award No. DE-EE00000628, QD Vision developed and demonstrated a cost-competitive solution for increasing the light extraction efficiency of OLEDs with efficient and stable color rendering index (CRI) for solid state lighting (SSL). Solution processable quantum dot (QD) films were integrated into OLED ITO-glass substrates to generate tunable white emission from blue emitting OLED) devices as well as outcouple light from the ITO film. This QD light-enhancement substrate (QD-LED) technology demonstrated a 60% increase in OLED forward light out-coupling, a value which increases to 76% when considering total increase in multi-directional light output. The objective for the first year was an 80% increase in light output. This project seeks to develop and demonstrate a cost-competitive solution for realizing increased extraction efficiency organic light emitting devices (OLEDs) with efficient and stable color rendering index (CRI) for SSL. Solution processible quantum dot (QD) films will be utilized to generate tunable white emission from blue emitting phosphorescent OLED (Ph-OLED) devices.

James Perkins; Matthew Stevenson; Gagan Mahan; Seth Coe-Sullivan; Peter Kazlas

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

126

High bandwidth Ge p-i-n photodetector integrated on Si  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present a germanium on silicon p-i-n photodiode for vertical light incidence. For a Ge p-i-n photodetector with a radius of 5 {mu}m a 3 dB bandwidth of 25 GHz is measured at an incident wavelength of 1.55 {mu}m and zero external bias. For a modest reverse bias of 2 V, the 3 dB bandwidth increases to 39 GHz. The monolithically integrated devices are grown on Si with solid source molecular beam epitaxy. The complete detector structure consisting of a highly p-doped Ge buried layer, an intrinsic absorption region, and a highly n-doped top contact layer of Ge/Si is grown in one continuous epitaxial run. A low growth temperature sequence was needed to obtain abrupt doping transitions between the highly doped regions surrounding the intrinsic layer. A theoretical consideration of the 3 dB bandwidth of the Ge detector was used to optimize the layer structure. For a photodiode with 5 {mu}m mesa radius the maximum theoretical 3 dB frequency is 62 GHz with an intrinsic region thickness of 307 nm.

Oehme, M.; Werner, J.; Kasper, E.; Jutzi, M.; Berroth, M. [Institut fuer Halbleitertechnik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 47, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Institut fuer Elektrische und Optische Nachrichtentechnik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 47, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2006-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

127

LEDs for Energy Efficient Greenhouse Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light energy is an important factor for plant growth. In regions where the natural light source, i.e. solar radiation, is not sufficient for growth optimization, additional light sources are being used. Traditional light sources such as high pressure sodium lamps and other metal halide lamps are not very efficient and generate high radiant heat. Therefore, new sustainable solutions should be developed for energy efficient greenhouse lighting. Recent developments in the field of light source technologies have opened up new perspectives for sustainable and highly efficient light sources in the form of light-emitting diodes, i.e. LEDs, for greenhouse lighting. This review focuses on the potential of LEDs to replace traditional light sources in the greenhouse. In a comparative economic analysis of traditional vs. LED lighting, we show that the introduction of LEDs allows reduction of the production cost of vegetables in the long-run of several years, due to the high energy efficiency, low maintenance cost and lon...

Singh, Devesh; Meinhardt-Wollweber, Merve; Roth, Bernhard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

The Majorana Ge-76 double-beta decay project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The MAJORANA Project is a research and development activity set up to establish the feasibility and cost of a doublebetadecay experiment comprising a one-ton array of Ge detectors fabricated from germanium enriched to about 86% in Ge-76.

Avignone, Frank Titus [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Advanced Lighting Program Development (BG9702800) Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report presents a long-range plan for a broad-based, coordinated research, development and market transformation program for reducing the lighting energy intensities in commercial and residential buildings in California without compromising lighting quality. An effective program to advance lighting energy efficiency in California must be based on an understanding that lighting is a mature field and the lighting industry has developed many specialized products that meet a wide variety of light needs for different building types. Above all else, the lighting field is diverse and there are applications for a wide range of lighting products, systems, and strategies. Given the range of existing lighting solutions, an effective energy efficient lighting research portfolio must be broad-based and diverse to match the diversity of the lighting market itself. The belief that there is one solution--a magic bullet, such as a better lamp, for example--that will propel lighting efficiency across all uses to new heights is, in the authors' opinion, an illusion. A multi-path program is the only effective means to raising lighting efficiency across all lighting applications in all building types. This report presents a list of 27 lighting technologies and concepts (key activities) that could form the basis of a coordinated research and market transformation plan for significantly reducing lighting energy intensities in California buildings. The total 27 key activities into seven broad classes as follows: Light sources; Ballasts; Luminaires; Lighting Controls; Lighting Systems in Buildings; Human Factors and Education. Each of the above technology classes is discussed in terms of background, key activities, and the energy savings potential for the state. The report concludes that there are many possibilities for targeted research, development, and market transformation activities across all sectors of the building lighting industry. A concerted investment by the state to foster efficiency improvements in lighting systems in commercial and residential buildings would have a major positive impact on energy use and environmental quality in California.

Rubinstein, Francis; Johnson, Steve

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Effect of graphene on photoluminescence properties of graphene/GeSi quantum dot hybrid structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphene has been discovered to have two effects on the photoluminescence (PL) properties of graphene/GeSi quantum dot (QD) hybrid structures, which were formed by covering monolayer graphene sheet on the multilayer ordered GeSi QDs sample surfaces. At the excitation of 488?nm laser line, the hybrid structure had a reduced PL intensity, while at the excitation of 325?nm, it had an enhanced PL intensity. The attenuation in PL intensity can be attributed to the transferring of electrons from the conducting band of GeSi QDs to the graphene sheet. The electron transfer mechanism was confirmed by the time resolved PL measurements. For the PL enhancement, a mechanism called surface-plasmon-polariton (SPP) enhanced absorption mechanism is proposed, in which the excitation of SPP in the graphene is suggested. Due to the resonant excitation of SPP by incident light, the absorption of incident light is much enhanced at the surface region, thus leading to more exciton generation and a PL enhancement in the region. The results may be helpful to provide us a way to improve optical properties of low dimensional surface structures.

Chen, Y. L.; Ma, Y. J.; Wang, W. Q.; Ding, K.; Wu, Q.; Fan, Y. L.; Yang, X. J.; Zhong, Z. Y.; Jiang, Z. M., E-mail: zmjiang@fudan.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Key Laboratory of Micro and Nano Photonic Structures (Ministry of Education) and Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Chen, D. D.; Xu, F. [SHU-SolarE R and D Lab, Department of Physics, College of Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China)

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

131

Lighting Options for Homes.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers many aspects of various lighting options for homes. Types of light sources described include natural light, artificial light, incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, and high intensity discharge lamps. A light source selection guide gives the physical characteristics of these, design considerations, and common applications. Color, strategies for efficient lighting, and types of lighting are discussed. There is one section giving tips for various situations in specific rooms. Rooms and types of fixtures are shown on a matrix with watts saved by using the recommended type lighting for that room and room location. A major emphasis of this report is saving energy by utilizing the most suitable, recommended lighting option. (BN)

Baker, W.S.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Monolithic Ge/Si Avalanche Photodiodes Yimin Kanga*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monolithic Ge/Si Avalanche Photodiodes Yimin Kanga* , Mike Morsea , Mario J. Panicciaa , Moshe, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA Abstract: We demonstrate mesa-type and waveguide-type Ge/Si avalanche photodiodes. Research on the Ge/Si photodiodes, one of the fundamental components needed for building integrated silicon

Bowers, John

133

Mobile lighting apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mobile lighting apparatus includes a portable frame such as a moveable trailer or skid having a light tower thereon. The light tower is moveable from a stowed position to a deployed position. A hydrogen-powered fuel cell is located on the portable frame to provide electrical power to an array of the energy efficient lights located on the light tower.

Roe, George Michael; Klebanoff, Leonard Elliott; Rea, Gerald W; Drake, Robert A; Johnson, Terry A; Wingert, Steven John; Damberger, Thomas A; Skradski, Thomas J; Radley, Christopher James; Oros, James M; Schuttinger, Paul G; Grupp, David J; Prey, Stephen Carl

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

134

Conduction band discontinuity and electron confinement at the Si[subscript x]Ge[subscript 1?x]/Ge interface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germanium rich heterostructures can constitute a valid alternative to Silicon for the confinement of single electron spins. The conduction band discontinuity in SiGe/Ge heterostructures grown on pure germanium substrate ...

Mazzeo, G.

135

Big Crunch-based omnidirectional light concentrators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Omnidirectional light concentration remains an unsolved problem despite such important practical applications as design of efficient mobile photovoltaic cells. Optical black hole designs developed recently offer partial solution to this problem. However, even these solutions are not truly omnidirectional since they do not exhibit a horizon, and at large enough incidence angles light may be trapped into quasi-stationary orbits around such imperfect optical black holes. Here we propose and realize experimentally another gravity-inspired design of a broadband omnidirectional light concentrator based on the cosmological Big Crunch solutions. By mimicking the Big Crunch spacetime via corresponding effective optical metric we make sure that every photon world line terminates in a single point.

Igor I. Smolyaninov; Yu-Ju Hung

2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

136

EK101 Engineering Light Smart Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EK101 Engineering Light Smart Lighting Homework for 9/10 1. Make an estimate (using if the patent is granted.) 3. What is a lumen? A lux? How are the two related? How would you use a lux meter, (Lux, Lumens/m2) Luminous Flux: Perceivable light power from a source, (Lumens) Use the lux meter

Bifano, Thomas

137

Synthesis, structural characterization and properties of SrAl{sub 4?x}Ge{sub x}, BaAl{sub 4?x}Ge{sub x}, and EuAl{sub 4?x}Ge{sub x} (x?0.3–0.4)—Rare examples of electron-rich phases with the BaAl{sub 4} structure type  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three solid solutions with the general formula AEAl{sub 4?x}Ge{sub x} (AE=Eu, Sr, Ba; 0.32(1)?x?0.41(1)) have been synthesized via the aluminum self-flux method, and their crystal structures have been established from powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. They are isotypic and crystallize with the well-known BaAl{sub 4} structure type, adopted by the three AEAl{sub 4} end members. In all structures, Ge substitutes Al only at the 4e Wyckoff site. Results from X-rays photoelectron spectroscopy on EuAl{sub 4?x}Ge{sub x} and EuAl{sub 4} indicate that the interactions between the Eu{sup 2+} cations and the polyanionic framework are enhanced in the Ge-doped structure, despite the slightly elevated Fermi level. Magnetic susceptibility measurements confirm the local moment magnetism, expected for the [Xe]4f{sup 7} electronic configuration of Eu{sup 2+} and suggest strong ferromagnetic interactions at cryogenic temperatures. Resistivity data from single-crystalline samples show differences between the title compounds, implying different bonding characteristics despite the close Debye temperatures. A brief discussion on the observed electron count and homogeneity ranges for AEAl{sub 4?x}Ge{sub x} (AE=Eu, Sr, Ba) is also presented. - Graphical abstract: AEAl{sub 4?x}Ge{sub x} (AE=Eu, Sr, Ba; 0.32(1)?x?0.41(1)), three “electron-rich” phases with BaAl{sub 4} structure type have been synthesized and characterized. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Three BaAl{sub 4}-type ternary aluminum germanides have been synthesized with Eu, Sr and Ba. • Eu, Sr and Ba cations have no apparent influence on the solubility of Ge. • The Ge atoms substitute Al on one of two framework sites, thereby strengthening the interactions between the cations and the polyanionic framework.

Zhang, Jiliang; Bobev, Svilen, E-mail: bobev@udel.edu

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

33rd International Lie`ge Colloquium on Ocean Dynamics Lie`ge, Belgium, May 711, 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preface 33rd International Lie`ge Colloquium on Ocean Dynamics Lie`ge, Belgium, May 7­11, 2001 The International Lie`ge Colloquium on Ocean Dynamics is organized annually. The topic differs from year to year. Assembling a group of active and eminent scien- tists from various countries and often different disci

Leonard, John J.

139

Specific light in sculpture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Specific light is defined as light from artificial or altered natural sources. The use and manipulation of light in three dimensional sculptural work is discussed in an historic and contemporary context. The author's work ...

Powell, John William

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Stable, free-standing Ge nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Free-standing Ge nanocrystals that are stable under ambient conditions have been synthesized in a two-step process. First, nanocrystals with a mean diameter of 5 nm are grown in amorphous SiO{sub 2} by ion implantation followed by thermal annealing. The oxide matrix is then removed by selective etching in diluted HF to obtain free-standing nanocrystals on a Si wafer. After etching, nanocrystals are retained on the surface and the size distribution is not significantly altered. Free-standing nanocrystals are stable under ambient atmospheric conditions, suggesting formation of a self-limiting native oxide layer. For free-standing as opposed to embedded Ge nanocrystals, an additional amorphous-like contribution to the Raman spectrum is observed and is assigned to surface reconstruction-induced disordering of near-surface atoms.

Sharp, I.D.; Xu, Q.; Liao, C.Y.; Yi, D.O.; Beeman, J.W.; Liliental-Weber, Z.; Yu, K.M.; Zakharov, D.N.; Ager III, J.W.; Chrzan,D.C.; Haller, E.E.

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

GE Solar Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URIFrontier,Jump to:Wilmette, ILFyreStormGDI Name: GE

142

Properties of excited states in {sup 77}Ge.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nucleus {sup 77}Ge was studied through the {sup 76}Ge({sup 13}C,{sup 12}C){sup 77}Ge reaction at a sub-Coulomb energy. The angular distributions of rays depopulating excited states in {sup 77}Ge were measured in order to constrain spin and parity assignments. Some of these assignments are of use in connection with neutrinoless double beta decay, where the population of states near the Fermi surface of {sup 76}Ge was recently explored using transfer reactions.

Kay, B. P.; Chiara, C. J.; Schiffer, J. P.; Kondev, F. G.; Zhu, S.; Carpenter, M. P.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; McCutchan, E. A.; Seweryniak, D.; Stefanescu, I.; Univ. of Maryland; Horia-Hulubei National Inst. for Physics and Nuclear Engineering

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Role of nucleation sites on the formation of nanoporous Ge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of nucleation sites on the formation of nanoporous Ge was investigated. Three Ge films with different spherical or columnar pore morphologies to act as inherent nucleation sites were sputtered on (001) Ge. Samples were implanted 90 Degree-Sign from incidence at 300 keV with fluences ranging from 3.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} to 3.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 16} Ge{sup +}/cm{sup 2}. Electron microscopy investigations revealed varying thresholds for nanoporous Ge formation and exhibited a stark difference in the evolution of the Ge layers based on the microstructure of the initial film. The results suggest that the presence of inherent nucleation sites significantly alters the onset and evolution of nanoporous Ge.

Yates, B. R.; Darby, B. L.; Jones, K. S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-6400 (United States); Elliman, R. G. [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia)

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

144

Prompt Gamma Rays in {sup 77}Ge after Neutron Capture on {sup 76}Ge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The observation of neutrinoless double beta decay would be proof of the Majorana nature of the neutrino. Half-lives for these decays are very long (for {sup 76}Ge:>10{sup 25} y), so background reduction and rejection is the major task for double beta experiments. The GERDA (GERmanium Detector Array) experiment at the Gran Sasso Laboratory of the INFN (LNGS) searches for neutrinoless double beta decay of {sup 76}Ge. The isotope {sup 76}Ge is an ideal candidate because it can be used as source and detector at the same time. A large remaining contribution to the background arises from the prompt gamma cascade after neutron capture by {sup 76}Ge followed by {beta}{sup -}-decay of {sup 77}Ge. Since the prompt gamma decay scheme is poorly known, measurements with isotopically enriched Germanium samples were carried out at the PGAA facility at the research reactor FRM II (Munich). With the known prompt gamma spectrum it will be possible to improve the overall veto efficiency of the GERDA experiment.

Meierhofer, Georg; Grabmayr, Peter; Jochum, Josef [Physikalisches Institut, Eberhard Karls Universitaet Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Canella, Lea [Institut fuer Radiochemie, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Walther-Meissner-Str. 3, 85748 Garching (Germany); Jolie, Jan; Kudejova, Petra; Warr, Nigel [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, 50937 Cologne (Germany)

2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

145

Interference between electronic lighting and other appliances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents empirical data from the laboratory and the field to provide an overview of electromagnetic interference between high-efficiency electronic lighting and certain other electronic devices, such as power-line carrier systems, security systems, and remote controls for televisions and VCRs. Reported cases involving both electronic lighting emissions and immunity in building power systems are summarized according to basic interference mechanisms. To illustrate the potential complexities of this problem, the paper describes a case where high-efficiency lighting interfered with a hearing aid. The hearing aid case includes a field survey, laboratory investigations, and recommended solutions to the problem.

Schwabe, R.J.; Zelingher, S. [New York Power Authority, New York, NY (United States); Key, T.; Phipps, K. [EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Suppression of Ge-O And Ge-N Bonding at Ge-HfO(2) And Ge-TiO(2) Interfaces By Deposition Onto Plasma-Nitrided Passivated Ge Substrates: Integration Issues Ge Gate Stacks Into Advanced Devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of changes in nano-scale morphology of thin films of nano-crystalline transition metal (TM) elemental oxides, HfO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2}, on plasma-nitrided Ge(100) substrates, and Si(100) substrates with ultra-thin (-0.8 nm) plasma-nitrided Si suboxide, SiO{sub x}, x < 2, or SiON interfacial layers is presented. Near edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAS) has been used to determine nano-scale morphology of these films by Jahn-Teller distortion removal of band edge d-state degeneracies. These results identify a new and novel application for NEXAS based on the resonant character of the respective O K{sub 1} and N K{sub 1} edge absorptions. This paper also includes a brief discussion of the integration issues for the introduction of this Ge breakthrough into advanced semiconductor circuits and systems. This includes a comparison of nano-crystalline and non-crystalline dielectrics, as well as issues relative to metal gates.

Lee, S.; Long, J.P.; Lucovsky, G.; Whitten, J.; Seo, H.; Luning, J.

2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

147

Life cycle assessment of off-grid lighting applications : kerosene vs. solar lanterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Access to electricity in developing countries is minimal and if available, often unreliable. As a result, fuel-based kerosene lighting is the most common solution to lighting necessities. However, kerosene combustion affects ...

Dave, Shreya H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

A Big Data Overview | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

diagnostics, electronic medical records, smart grid, and credit card processing. But the landscape of possible solutions is a daunting and highly fluid space, with a plethora of...

149

Upgrade of CEBAF from 6-GeV To 12-GeV: Status  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The CEBAF accelerator is being upgraded from 6 GeV to 12 GeV by the US Department of Energy. The accelerator upgrade is being done within the existing tunnel footprint. The accelerator upgrade includes: 10 new srfbased high-performance cryomodules plus RF systems, doubling the 2K helium plants capability, upgrading the existing beamlines to operate at nearly double the original performance envelope, and adding a beamline to a new experimental area. Construction is over 75% complete with final completion projected for late FY13. Details of the upgrade and status of the work will be presented.

Harwood, Leigh H.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

GE Unveils High-Tech Superhero GENIUS MAN | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun with Big SkyDIII-D PerformanceGE ProgressGE Unveils

151

({lambda}, p) Spectrum Analysis in p+A Interactions at 10 GeV/c  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental data from the 2m propane bubble chamber have been analyzed for exotic baryon states search. A number of peculiarities were found in the effective mass spectra of: {lambda}{pi}+({sigma}*+(1382),PDG), {lambda}p and {lambda}pp subsystems. A few events detected on the photographs of the propane bubble chamber exposed to a 10 GeV/c proton beam, were interpreted as S=-2 H0 light(

Aslanyan, P. Zh. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Yerevan State of University (Russian Federation); Emelyanenko, V. N. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation)

2007-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

152

Mid infrared optical properties of Ge/Si quantum dots with different doping level  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical characterization of the Ge/Si quantum dots using equilibrium and photo-induced absorption spectroscopy in the mid-infrared spectral range was performed in this work. Equilibrium absorption spectra were measured in structures with various doping levels for different light polarizations. Photo-induced absorption spectra measured in undoped structure under interband optical excitation of non-equilibrium charge carriers demonstrate the same features as doped sample in equilibrium conditions. Hole energy spectrum was determined from the analysis of experimental data.

Sofronov, A. N.; Firsov, D. A.; Vorobjev, L. E.; Shalygin, V. A.; Panevin, V. Yu.; Vinnichenko, M. Ya. [St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University, Polytechnicheskaya str. 29, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Tonkikh, A. A. [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2 D-06120, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Danilov, S. N. [University of Regensburg, Regensburg (Germany)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

153

Interface and nanostructure evolution of cobalt germanides on Ge(001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cobalt germanide (Co{sub x}Ge{sub y}) is a candidate system for low resistance contact modules in future Ge devices in Si-based micro and nanoelectronics. In this paper, we present a detailed structural, morphological, and compositional study on Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} formation on Ge(001) at room temperature metal deposition and subsequent annealing. Scanning tunneling microscopy and low energy electron diffraction clearly demonstrate that room temperature deposition of approximately four monolayers of Co on Ge(001) results in the Volmer Weber growth mode, while subsequent thermal annealing leads to the formation of a Co-germanide continuous wetting layer which evolves gradually towards the growth of elongated Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} nanostructures. Two types of Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} nanostructures, namely, flattop- and ridge-type, were observed and a systematic study on their evolution as a function of temperature is presented. Additional transmission electron microscopy and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy measurements allowed us to monitor the reaction between Co and Ge in the formation process of the Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} continuous wetting layer as well as the Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} nanostructures.

Grzela, T., E-mail: grzela@ihp-microelectronics.com; Schubert, M. A. [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); Koczorowski, W. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London, WC1H 0AH,United Kingdom (United Kingdom); Institute of Physics, Poznan University of Technology, Nieszawska 13A, 60-965 Poznan (Poland); Capellini, G. [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); Dipartimento di Scienze, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, I-00146 Roma (Italy); Czajka, R. [Institute of Physics, Poznan University of Technology, Nieszawska 13A, 60-965 Poznan (Poland); Radny, M. W. [Institute of Physics, Poznan University of Technology, Nieszawska 13A, 60-965 Poznan (Poland); School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan NSW, 2308 (Australia); Curson, N.; Schofield, S. R. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London, WC1H 0AH,United Kingdom (United Kingdom); Schroeder, T. [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); BTU Cottbus, Konrad-Zuse Str. 1, 03046 Cottbus (Germany)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

154

Radial Flow in Au+Au Collisions at E=0.25-1.15 A GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A systematic study of energy spectra for light particles emitted at midrapidity from Au+Au collisions at E=0.25-1.15 A GeV reveals a significant non-thermal component consistent with a collective radial flow. This component is evaluated as a function of bombarding energy and event centrality. Comparisons to Quantum Molecular Dynamics (QMD) and Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (BUU) models are made for different equations of state.

M. A. Lisa; S. Albergo; F. Bieser; F. P. Brady; Z. Caccia; D. A. Cebra; A. D. Chacon; J. L. Chance; Y. Choi; S. Costa; J. B. Elliott; M. L. Gilkes; J. A. Hauger; A. S. Hirsch; E. L. Hjort; A. Insolia; M. Justice; D. Keane; J. Kintner; H. S. Matis; M. McMahan; C. McParland; D. L. Olson; M. D. Partlan; N. T. Porile; R. Potenza; G. Rai; J. Rasmussen; H. G. Ritter; J. Romanski; J. L. Romero; G. V. Russo; R. Scharenberg; A. Scott; Y. Shao; B. K. Srivastava; T. J. M. Symons; M. Tincknell; C. Tuve; S. Wang; P. Warren; G. D. Westfall; H. H. Wieman; K. Wolf

1995-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

155

Midinfrared scattering and absorption in Ge powder close to the Anderson localization transition J. Gomez Rivas, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

localization (kls 1) of near infrared light was reported in GaAs (n 3.5) powder samples consisting of randomly a free electron laser we have performed midinfrared transmission and reflection measurements in strongly transition. The refractive index of Ge is very high in the near and midinfrared (n 4.0) 8

Sprik, Rudolf

156

Lighting and Daylight Harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exposing us to the latest products and technologies. Daylight Harvesting A system of controlling the direction and the quantity of light both natural and artificial within a given space. This implies: Control of fenestration in terms of size..., transmission and direction. Control of reflected light within a space. Control of electric light in terms of delivery and amount Daylight harvesting systems are typically designed to maintain a minimum recommended light level. This light level...

Bos, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Theoretical overview: Light ion lessons, heavy ion hopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments using light ion beams of atomic masses A {approximately} 30 have been underway since 1986 at the Brookhaven AGS and the CERN SPS at the respective energies {radical}s {approximately} 5 A GeV and 20 A GeV. The first truly heavy ion runs with a gold beam began this spring at the AGS. In this talk I will survey our progress towards an understanding of nuclear collision dynamics, focusing on those issues that are relevant to Au+Au at the AGS. In view of what we have already learned from the light ion data, I will argue that the prospects for producing matter at extreme density in these experiments are excellent.

Gavin, S.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

158

Theoretical overview: Light ion lessons, heavy ion hopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments using light ion beams of atomic masses A [approximately] 30 have been underway since 1986 at the Brookhaven AGS and the CERN SPS at the respective energies [radical]s [approximately] 5 A GeV and 20 A GeV. The first truly heavy ion runs with a gold beam began this spring at the AGS. In this talk I will survey our progress towards an understanding of nuclear collision dynamics, focusing on those issues that are relevant to Au+Au at the AGS. In view of what we have already learned from the light ion data, I will argue that the prospects for producing matter at extreme density in these experiments are excellent.

Gavin, S.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

New Global Research Website | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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160

3D Printed Toy | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Patent Record Announcement | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 TheSteven AshbyDepartment ofGE's E. Trifon Laskaris Receives 200th

162

GE Global Research in San Ramon, California  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr Flickr Editor's note:ComputingFusionSan Ramon, USA San Ramon, USA GE

163

DIFFUSION OF POLARIZED LIGHT* ARNOLD D. KIM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approximation is substantially easier to solve than the vector radiative transport equation because it requires, and V give the polarization state of light [1]. The vector radiative transport equation governs of boundary value problems for the vector radiative transport equation. In fact, analytical solutions

Kim, Arnold D.

164

Workshop SDF 2012 Sensor Data Fusion: Trends, Solutions, Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Thales Nederlands, NL; Michael KIEFNER, Carl Zeiss Optronics, GE; Frank EHLERS, FWG, GE; Herve FARGETON

Mihaylova, Lyudmila

165

Study of plutonium disposition using existing GE advanced Boiling Water Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The end of the cold war and the resulting dismantlement of nuclear weapons has resulted in the need for the US to dispose of 50 to 100 metric tons of excess of plutonium in a safe and proliferation resistant manner. A number of studies, including the recently released National Academy of Sciences (NAS) study, have recommended conversion of plutonium into spent nuclear fuel with its high radiation barrier as the best means of providing permanent conversion and long-term diversion resistance to this material. The NAS study ``Management and Disposition of Excess Weapons Plutonium identified Light Water Reactor spent fuel as the most readily achievable and proven form for the disposition of excess weapons plutonium. The study also stressed the need for a US disposition program which would enhance the prospects for a timely reciprocal program agreement with Russia. This summary provides the key findings of a GE study where plutonium is converted into Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel and a typical 1155 MWe GE Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) is utilized to convert the plutonium to spent fuel. A companion study of the Advanced BWR has recently been submitted. The MOX core design work that was conducted for the ABWR enabled GE to apply comparable fuel design concepts and consequently achieve full MOX core loading which optimize plutonium throughput for existing BWRs.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

LArGe - Active background suppression using argon scintillation for the GERDA $0\  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LArGe is a GERDA low-background test facility to study novel background suppression methods in a low-background environment, for future application in the GERDA experiment. Similar to GERDA, LArGe operates bare germanium detectors submersed into liquid argon (1 m$^3$, 1.4 tons), which in addition is instrumented with photomultipliers to detect argon scintillation light. The scintillation signals are used in anti-coincidence with the germanium detectors to effectively suppress background events that deposit energy in the liquid argon. The background suppression efficiency was studied in combination with a pulse shape discrimination (PSD) technique using a BEGe detector for various sources, which represent characteristic backgrounds to GERDA. Suppression factors of a few times $10^3$ have been achieved. First background data of LArGe with a coaxial HPGe detector (without PSD) yield a background index of (0.12$-$4.6)$\\cdot 10^{-2}$ cts/(keV$\\cdot$kg$\\cdot$y) (90% C.L.), which is at the level of GERDA Phase I. Fu...

Agostini, M; Budjáš, D; Cattadori, C; Gangapshev, A; Gusev, K; Heisel, M; Junker, M; Klimenko, A; Lubashevskiy, A; Pelczar, K; Schönert, S; Smolnikov, A; Zuzel, G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Structural and phonon transmission study of Ge-Au-Ge eutectically bonded interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis presents a structural analysis and phonon transparency investigation of the Ge-Au-Ge eutectic bond interface. Interface development was intended to maximize the interfacial ballistic phonon transparency to enhance the detection of the dark matter candidate WIMPs. The process which was developed provides an interface which produces minimal stress, low amounts of impurities, and insures Ge lattice continuity through the interface. For initial Au thicknesses of greater than 1,000 {angstrom} Au per substrate side, eutectic epitaxial growth resulted in a Au dendritic structure with 95% cross sectional and 90% planar Au interfacial area coverages. In sections in which Ge bridged the interface, lattice continuity across the interface was apparent. Epitaxial solidification of the eutectic interface with initial Au thicknesses < 500 A per substrate side produced Au agglomerations thereby reducing the Au planar interfacial area coverage to as little as 30%. The mechanism for Au coalescence was attributed to lateral diffusion of Ge and Au in the liquid phase during solidification. Phonon transmission studies were performed on eutectic interfaces with initial Au thicknesses of 1,000 {angstrom}, 500 {angstrom}, and 300 {angstrom} per substrate side. Phonon imaging of eutectically bonded samples with initial Au thicknesses of 300 {angstrom}/side revealed reproducible interfacial percent phonon transmissions from 60% to 70%. Line scan phonon imaging verified the results. Phonon propagation TOF spectra distinctly showed the predominant phonon propagation mode was ballistic. This was substantiated by phonon focusing effects apparent in the phonon imaging data. The degree of interface transparency to phonons and resulting phonon propagation modes correlate with the structure of the interface following eutectic solidification. Structural studies of samples with initial Au thickness of 1,000 {angstrom}/side appear to correspond with the phonon transmission study.

Knowlton, W.B. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Materials Sciences Div.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Optimized Phosphors for Warm White LED Light Engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this program is to develop phosphor systems and LED light engines that have steady-state LED efficacies (using LEDs with a 60% wall-plug efficiency) of 105–120 lm/W with correlated color temperatures (CCT) ~3000 K, color rendering indices (CRI) >85, <0.003 distance from the blackbody curve (dbb), and <2% loss in phosphor efficiency under high temperature, high humidity conditions. In order to reach these goals, this involves the composition and processing optimization of phosphors previously developed by GE in combination with light engine package modification.

Setlur, Anant; Brewster, Megan; Garcia, Florencio; Hill, M. Christine; Lyons, Robert; Murphy, James; Stecher, Tom; Stoklosa, Stan; Weaver, Stan; Happek, Uwe; Aesram, Danny; Deshpande, Anirudha

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

169

GE Technology to Help Canada Province Meet Growing Energy Needs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

funding and collaboration models at its European Global Research Center near Munich, Germany. Mark Little, GE's Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer, and thought...

170

Media Advisory - Jefferson Lab 12 GeV Upgrade Groundbreaking...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for its 310 million 12 GeV Upgrade project. When: Tuesday, April 14, 2009. Where: CEBAF Center, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, 12000 Jefferson Avenue,...

171

Titan propels GE wind turbine research into new territory | ornl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Titan propels GE wind turbine research into new territory January 17, 2014 The amount of global electricity supplied by wind, the world's fastest growing energy source, is expected...

172

Special features of the excitation spectra and kinetics of photoluminescence of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures with relaxed heterolayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Luminescent properties of heteroepitaxial Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures with relaxed heterolayers are studied. The results of combined studies of the excitation spectra and kinetics of photoluminescence (PL) are used to single out the components providing the largest contribution to the PL signal of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures in the wavelength region of 1.54 {mu}m. It is shown that relaxation of elastic stresses in the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er heterolayer affects only slightly the kinetic characteristics of erbium luminescence and manifests itself in insignificant contribution of the defects and defect-impurity complexes to the luminescent response of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures. In the excitation spectra of the erbium PL, special features related to the possibility of the rare-earth impurity excitation at energies lower than the band gap of the Si{sub 1} {sub -x}Ge{sub x} solid solution are revealed. It is shown that a peak the width of which depends on the band gap of the solid solution and the extent of its relaxation is observed in the excitation spectra of the erbium-related PL in the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures in the wavelength region of 1040-1050 nm. The observed specific features are accounted for by involvement of intermediate levels in the band gap of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er solid solution in the process of excitation of an Er{sup 3+} ion.

Krasilnikova, L. V., E-mail: Luda@ipm.sci-nnov.ru; Yablonskiy, A. N.; Stepikhova, M. V.; Drozdov, Yu. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Shengurov, V. G. [Lobachevsky State University, Physicotechnical Research Institute (Russian Federation); Krasilnik, Z. F. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Magnetic, Caloric and Crystallographic Properties of Dy5(SixGe1-x)4 Alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polycrystals of the intermetallic compound of the Dy{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} system, where x = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.625, 0.675, 0.725, 0.75, 0.775, 0.825, 0.875, and 1, have been prepared by electric-arc-melting on water-cooled copper hearth in an argon atmosphere. A study of phase relationships and crystallography in the pseudobinary system Dy{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} using X-ray powder diffraction data and optical metallography was completed. It revealed that silicides in the composition range from 0.825 to 1 crystallize in the Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-type crystal structure: germanides in the composition range from 0 to 0.625 crystallize in the Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type structure, and alloys with intermediate composition range from 0.675 to 0.775 crystallize in the monoclinic Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}-type structure. The -{Delta}S{sub m} values were determined from magnetization measurements for 7 alloys. The alloys with a monoclinic crystal structure which belong to an intermediate phase region have large MCE value, which exceeds those observed in the other two phase regions by 300 to 500%. The nature of the observed magnetic and structural transformations in the Dy{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} system seems to be similar with those reported for the Gd{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} system. However, the interval and concentration range of three different phase regions in the Dy{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} system are different from that observed in Gd-based alloys. A non-collinear ordering of magnetic moments at low temperature was observed for the alloys with monoclinic crystal structure. The Dy{sub 5}Si{sub 3}Ge alloy exhibited FM phase transition below Curie temperature. A series of magnetic transitions were observed at low temperature in the Dy{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} alloys. The number of transitions increased and the magnetization decreased with increasing germanium content in the alloys. The -{Delta}S{sub m} and -{Delta}T values were calculated from heat capacity data for Dy{sub 5}Si{sub 3.5}Ge{sub 0.5} and Dy{sub 5}Si{sub 4} alloys only, due to the fragile nature of the germanides-rich samples. Based on the MCe values, the alloys from the orthorhombic Dy{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-based solid solution and the intermediate monoclinic phase regions may be useful magnetic refrigerant materials in the temperature range {approx}50K to -160K.

Vitaliy Vladislavovich Ivchenko

2002-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

174

Light dark matter from the U(1){sub X} sector in the NMSSM with gauge mediation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cosmic ray anomalies observed by PAMELA and Fermi-LAT experiments may be interpreted by heavy (TeV-scale) dark matter annihilation enhanced by Sommerfeld effects mediated by a very light (sub-GeV) U(1){sub X} gauge boson, while the recent direct searches from CoGeNT and DAMA/LIBRA experiments may indicate a rather light ( ? 7 GeV) dark matter with weak interaction. Motivated by these apparently different scales, we consider a gauge mediated next-to-the minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM) entended with a light U(1){sub X} sector plus a heavy sector ( H-bar {sub h},H{sub h}), which can provide both a light ( ? 7 GeV) and a heavy (TeV-scale) dark matter without introducing any ad hoc new scale. Through the Yukawa coupling between H{sub h} and the messager fields, the U(1){sub X} gauge symmetry is broken around the GeV scale radiatively and a large negative m{sub S}{sup 2} is generated for the NMSSM singlet S. Furthermore, the small kinetic mixing parameter between U(1){sub X} and U(1){sub Y} is predicted to be ? ? 10{sup ?5}?10{sup ?6} after integrating out the messengers. Such a light dark matter, which can have a normal relic density from the late decay of the right-handed sneutrino (assumed to be the ordinary next-to-the lightest supersymmetric particle and thermally produced in the early Universe), can serve a good candidate to explain the recent CoGeNT and DAMA/LIBRA results.

Kang, Zhaofeng; Li, Tianjun; Liu, Tao; Tong, Chunli; Yang, Jin Min, E-mail: zhfkang@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: tli@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: tliuphy@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: piggy1983@gmail.com, E-mail: jmyang@itp.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Frontiers in Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Academia Sinica, Zhongguancun East Road, Beijing 100190 (China)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Stabilization of polyaniline solutions through additives  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stabilized non-conductive polyaniline solution comprising from about 1 to about 10 percent by weight polyaniline or a polyaniline derivative, from about 90 to about 99 percent by weight N-methylpyrrolidone, and from about 0.5 percent by weight to about 15 percent by weight of a solution stabilizing additive selected from the group consisting of hindered amine light stabilizers, polymeric amines, and dialkylamines, percent by weight of additive based on the total weight of polyaniline or polyaniline derivative is provided together with a method for stabilizing a polyaniline solution. 4 figs.

Wrobleski, D.A.; Benicewicz, B.C.

1996-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

176

Stabilization of polyaniline solutions through additives  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stabilized non-conductive polyaniline solution comprising from about 1 to bout 10 percent by weight polyaniline or a polyaniline derivative, from about 90 to about 99 percent by weight N-methylpyrrolidone, and from about 0.5 percent by weight to about 15 percent by weight of a solution stabilizing additive selected from the group consisting of hindered amine light stabilizers, polymeric amines, and dialkylamines, percent by weight of additive based on the total weight of polyaniline or polyaniline derivative is provided together with a method for stabilizing a polyaniline solution.

Wrobleski, Debra A. (Los Alamos, NM); Benicewicz, Brian C. (Los Alamos, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Functional Polymer Architectures for Solution Processed Organic Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through formation of the tetrazole from 4-bromobenzonitrile13 5-(4-Bromophenyl)tetrazole, 7 2-(4-tert- Butylphenyl)-5-(

Poulsen, Daniel Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Webcast: Evaluating LED Street Lighting Solutions | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment of Energy WhileTankless Electric -Budget(ARRA)ByofAt-A-Glance ||In

179

Eck Industries, Inc. Realizes Savings Through Smarter Lighting Solutions |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program - LibbyofThisStatement Tuesday, SeptemberofEbony Meeks -Department of

180

Eck Industries, Inc. Realizes Savings Through Smarter Lighting Solutions  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary ECM Included NotFederal4Eck Industries, Inc.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Surface Light Field Rendering for Virtual Product Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface Light Field Rendering for Virtual Product Design Jan MESETH, Gero MÃ?LLER, Reinhard KLEIN illumination solution including accurate materials, which is stored as an outgoing Surface Light Field (SLF-facto standard in manufacturing industries like the automotive industry. They are used, e.g., for performing

Behnke, Sven

182

Kyler Nelson Light Timer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

designated by the user, the Arduino board will dim the light to save energy. The user designates the time instance, the light is dimmed using pulse width modulation (PWM) in the Arduino's pin number 11

Kachroo, Pushkin

183

THE DAYLIGHTING SOLUTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1980, pp.l4-20 THE DAYLIGHTING SOLUTION Stephen SelkowitzEEB-W·-80-19 W-74 THE DAYLIGHTING SOLUTION Stephen Selkowitz

Selkowitz, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

AIRPORT LIGHTING Session Highlights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AIRPORT LIGHTING Session Highlights In May 2002, the Airport Technical Assistance Program, also known as AirTAP, sponsored three airport-lighting training sessions at different locations in Minnesota information on airport lighting and navigational aid equipment selection, funding, maintenance, and operation

Minnesota, University of

185

Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting Host: Francis Rubinstein Demand Response Research Center demand responsive lighting systems ­ Importance of dimming ­ New wireless controls technologies · Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting (commenced March 2007) #12;Objectives · Provide up-to-date information

186

Resonant Visible Light Modulation with Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast modulation and switching of light at visible and near-infrared (vis-NIR) frequencies is of utmost importance for optical signal processing and sensing technologies. No fundamental limit appears to prevent us from designing wavelength-sized devices capable of controlling the light phase and intensity at gigaherts (and even terahertz) speeds in those spectral ranges. However, this problem remains largely unsolved, despite recent advances in the use of quantum wells and phase-change materials for that purpose. Here, we explore an alternative solution based upon the remarkable electro-optical properties of graphene. In particular, we predict unity-order changes in the transmission and absorption of vis-NIR light produced upon electrical doping of graphene sheets coupled to realistically engineered optical cavities. The light intensity is enhanced at the graphene plane, and so is its absorption, which can be switched and modulated via Pauli blocking through varying the level of doping. Specifically, we explor...

Yu, Renwen; de Abajo, F Javier Garcia

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Light emitting device comprising phosphorescent materials for white light generation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to phosphors for energy downconversion of high energy light to generate a broadband light spectrum, which emit light of different emission wavelengths.

Thompson, Mark E.; Dapkus, P. Daniel

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

188

Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle...

189

3 GeV Injector Design Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Design Handbook is intended to be the main reference book for the specifications of the 3 GeV SPEAR booster synchrotron project. It is intended to be a consistent description of the project including design criteria, key technical specifications as well as current design approaches. Since a project is not complete till it's complete changes and modifications of early conceptual designs must be expected during the duration of the construction. Therefore, this Design Handbook is issued as a loose leaf binder so that individual sections can be replaced as needed. Each page will be dated to ease identification with respect to latest revisions. At the end of the project this Design Handbook will have become the 'as built' reference book of the injector for operations and maintenance personnel.

Wiedemann, H.; /SLAC, SSRL

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

190

CONCENTRATED SOLID SOLUTIONS OF NORMAL METALS By H. JONES,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

637. CONCENTRATED SOLID SOLUTIONS OF NORMAL METALS By H. JONES, Imperial College. Department and Heine [1] in the light of the new knowledge of the Fermi surface revealed by experi- ments alloys is reviewed in the light of modern work on the nature of the Fermi surfaces in the noble metals

Boyer, Edmond

191

Project-X Workshop 120 GeV Target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project-X Workshop 120 GeV Target Summary ­ Workshop # 1 N. Simos, M. Martens #12;Project-X Workshop Challenges OVERVIEW Driven by 120 GeV/170 TP-per-spill · Short Term: 170 TPs/2us-spill (materials an existing 400 kW facility ­ Constraints #12;Project-X Workshop Presentations - Discussions · Engineering

McDonald, Kirk

192

Volcanic rifting at Martian grabens Daniel Me`ge,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Volcanic rifting at Martian grabens Daniel Me`ge,1 Anthony C. Cook,2,3 Erwan Garel,4 Yves: Solar System Objects: Mars; 8121 Tectonophysics: Dynamics, convection currents and mantle plumes; 8010: Me`ge, D., A. C. Cook, E. Garel, Y. Lagabrielle, and M.-H. Cormier, Volcanic rifting at Martian

Mege, Daniel

193

Polymer OLED White Light Development Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors (OSRAM) successfully completed development, fabrication and characterization of the large area, polymer based white light OLED prototype at their OLED Research and Development (R&D) facility in San Jose, CA. The program, funded by the Department of Energy (DOE), consisted of three key objectives: (1) Develop new polymer materials and device architectures--in order to improve the performance of organic light emitters. (2) Develop processing techniques--in order to demonstrate and enable the manufacturing of large area, white light and color tunable, solid state light sources. (3) Develop new electronics and driving schemes for organic light sources, including color-tunable light sources. The key performance goals are listed. A world record efficiency of 25 lm/W was established for the solution processed white organic device from the significant improvements made during the project. However, the challenges to transfer this technology from an R&D level to a large tile format such as, the robustness of the device and the coating uniformity of large area panels, remain. In this regard, the purity and the blend nature of the materials are two factors that need to be addressed in future work. During the first year, OSRAM's Materials and Device group (M&D) worked closely with the major polymer material suppliers to develop the polymer emissive technology. M&D was successful in demonstrating a 7-8 lm/W white light source which was based on fluorescent materials. However, it became apparent that the major gains in efficiency could only be made if phosphorescent materials were utilized. Thus, in order to improve the performance of the resulting devices, the focus of the project shifted towards development of solution-processable phosphorescent light emitting diodes (PHOLEDs) and device architectures. The result is a higher efficiency than the outlined project milestone.

Homer Antoniadis; Vi-En Choong; Stelios Choulis; Brian Cumpston; Rahul Gupta; Mathew Mathai; Michael Moyer; Franky So

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

194

LS-35 6 GeV Light Source Storage Ring Quadrupole and Sextupole Magnet Field Calculations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LOS ALAMOS, NewattractsDamping s. H.34 2 Grand5

195

LS-69 DEVELOPING PULSE WIDTH MODULATED POWER SUPPLY FOR THE GeV LIGHT SOURCE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LOS ALAMOS, NewattractsDamping s. H.349

196

SHIELDING ESTIMATES FOR THE ANL 6.0 GeV SYNCHROTRON LIGHT SOURCE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 ResourceAwards SAGE Awards ,# ,Schools WhenSectionSHIELDING

197

6 GeV LIGHT SOURCE PROJECT COST ESTIMATING PROCEDURE LS-34  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICS H.CarbonMarchTHEMaterials and1663 January 2

198

Preliminary Vacuum Parameters 6 GeV Light Source J. Moenich and R. Wehrle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedles for medical point07.06 Agenda 2006Uptake Properties

199

Why Is the Speed of Light in Meters Per Second What It Is? | GE Global  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout PrintableBlenderWhat MakesEnergy

200

TEE-0074 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy StrainClient update resolve008Energy 8 - In the1 - In the24

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

TEE-0077 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy StrainClient update resolve008Energy 8 - In the1 - In7 - In

202

Transport theory for light propagation in biological tissue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the radiative transport equation. The Green's function is the fundamental solution to the radiative transport.3660, 030.5620, 000.3860. 1. INTRODUCTION The radiative transport equation governs light propaga- tion transport equation from which all other solutions can be computed. This theory for the radiative transport

Kim, Arnold D.

203

Extending LHC Coverage to Light Pseudoscalar Mediators and Coy Dark Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many dark matter models involving weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) feature new, relatively light pseudoscalars that mediate dark matter pair annihilation into Standard Model fermions. In particular, simple models of this type can explain the gamma ray excess originating in the Galactic Center as observed by the Fermi Large Area Telescope. In many cases the pseudoscalar's branching ratio into WIMPs is suppressed, making these states challenging to detect at colliders through standard dark matter searches. Here, we study the prospects for observing these light mediator states at the LHC without exploiting missing energy techniques. While existing searches effectively probe pseudoscalars with masses between 5 - 14 GeV and above 90 GeV, the LHC reach can be extended to cover much of the interesting parameter space in the intermediate 20 - 80 GeV mass range in which the mediator can have appreciable Yukawa-like couplings to Standard Model fermions but would have escaped detection by LEP and other exper...

Kozaczuk, Jonathan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Centrality dependence of the thermal excitation-energy deposition in 8-15 GeV/c hadron-Au reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The excitation energy per residue nucleon (E*/A) and fast and thermal light particle multiplicities are studied as a function of centrality defined as the number of grey tracks emitted N_grey and by the mean number of primary hadron-nucleon scatterings and mean impact parameter extracted from it. The value of E*/A and the multiplicities show an increase with centrality for all systems, 14.6 GeV p-Au and 8.0 GeV pi-Au and pbar-Au collisions, and the excitation energy per residue nucleon exhibits a uniform dependence on N_grey.

R. A. Soltz; R. J. Newby; J. L. Klay; M. Heffner; L. Beaulieu; T. Lefort; K. Kwiatkowski; V. E. Viola

2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

205

Preparation, crystallography, magnetic and magnetothermal properties of Ce5SiGe4-x alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An investigation of the crystal structure and the phase relationships in the Ce{sub 5}Si{sub 4-x}Ge{sub x} system has been carried out. The crystal structures of the single phase intermetallics were characterized using X-ray powder diffraction and subsequent refinement employing the Rietveld analysis technique was performed. The intermetallic system was found to crystallize in three distinct crystal structures. The Ce{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-based solid solution extends from x = 0 to x = 2.15 and it was found to crystallize in the well-known Zr{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-type tetragonal structure. The germanium rich alloys, where 3.1 {le} x {le} 4, crystallized in the Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type orthorhombic structure. The crystal structure of the intermediate phase, when 2.35 {le} x {le} 2.8, was found out to be of the Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}-type monoclinic structure. Microhardness tests were conducted on the samples in order to probe the trend in mechanical properties in this alloy system as a function of Ge concentration. The magnetic, thermal and magnetocaloric properties of the Ce{sub 5}Si{sub 4-x}Ge{sub x} alloy system have been investigated for x = 0, 1.0, 1.8, 2.5, 2.8, 3.5, 3.8 and 4.0. The phases with x = 0, 1.0 and 1.8 crystallize in the tetragonal Zr{sub 5}Si{sub 4} structure and those with x = 2.5, 2.8 form in the Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}-type monoclinic structure. The alloys with x = 3.5, 3.8 and 4.0 crystallize in the Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type orthorhombic structure. The Curie temperature of the tetragonal phases increases with increasing Ge content. The ordering temperatures of the monoclinic and orthorhombic phases remain nearly unaffected by the composition, with the Curie temperatures of the latter slightly higher than those of the former. All the alloys display evidence of antiferromagnetic interactions in the ground state. The orthorhombic and the monoclinic alloys behave as ferromagnets whereas the Si-rich tetragonal phase acts more like an antiferromagnet at high fields (1 T and higher). The maximum isothermal magnetic entropy change occurs at {approx}11 K in the monoclinic and orthorhombic phases with the highest value being 14.7 J/kg.K for Ce{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} for a field change of 10 T which is considered moderate.

Vijayaraghavan, Rangarajan

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Photonic crystal light source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A light source is provided by a photonic crystal having an enhanced photonic density-of-states over a band of frequencies and wherein at least one of the dielectric materials of the photonic crystal has a complex dielectric constant, thereby producing enhanced light emission at the band of frequencies when the photonic crystal is heated. The dielectric material can be a metal, such as tungsten. The spectral properties of the light source can be easily tuned by modification of the photonic crystal structure and materials. The photonic crystal light source can be heated electrically or other heating means. The light source can further include additional photonic crystals that exhibit enhanced light emission at a different band of frequencies to provide for color mixing. The photonic crystal light source may have applications in optical telecommunications, information displays, energy conversion, sensors, and other optical applications.

Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM); Bur, James A. (Corrales, NM)

2004-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

207

Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes for lighting applications by sand-blasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes for lighting applications by sand@ust.hk Abstract: Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by scattering the light is one of the effective methods for large-area lighting applications. In this paper, we present a very simple and cost

208

SMART LIGHTING SYSTEMS ULTIMATE LIGHTING The Smart Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integration (Holistic Integrated Design) · Sensors as important as LEDs · Interconnected systems (human, building, grid) · Artistic Design Freedom · Lighting is Health, Entertainment, Information and Illumination Cost at any brightness · Chip level integrated electronics THE ERC RESEARCH COVERS THE ENTIRE SUPPLY

Linhardt, Robert J.

209

Electron Beam Energy Chirp Control with a Rectangular Corrugated Structure at the Linac Coherent Light Source  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Electron beam energy chirp is an important parameter that affects the bandwidth and performance of a linac-based, free-electron laser. In this paper we study the wakefields generated by a beam passing between at metallic plates with small corrugations, and then apply such a device as a passive dechirper for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) energy chirp control with a multi-GeV and femtosecond electron beam. Similar devices have been tested in several places at relatively low energies (#24;100 MeV) and with relatively long bunches (> 1ps). In the parameter regime of the LCLS dechirper, with the corrugation size similar to the gap between the plates, the analytical solutions of the wakefields are no longer applicable, and we resort to a #12;field matching program to obtain the wakes. Based on the numerical calculations, we #12;fit the short-range, longitudinal wakes to simple formulas, valid over a large, useful parameter range. Finally, since the transverse wakefields - both dipole and quadrupole-are strong, we compute and include them in beam dynamics simulations to investigate the error tolerances when this device is introduced in the LCLS.

Zhang, Zhen; Bane, Karl; Ding, Yantao; Huang, Zhirong; Iverson, Richard; Maxwell, Timothy; Stupakov, Gennady; Wang, Lanfa

2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

210

Financing Solutions | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Solution Center Financing Solutions Financing Solutions Transitioning to a clean energy economy requires innovative financing solutions that enable state, local, and tribal...

211

Formation of Nanocrystalline Germanium via Oxidation of Si?.??Ge?.?? for Memory Device Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we studied the possibility of synthesizing nanocrystalline germanium (Ge) via dry and wet oxidation of both amorphous and polycrystalline Si?.??Ge?.?? films. In dry oxidation, Ge was rejected from the growing ...

Kan, Eric Win Hong

212

E-Print Network 3.0 - alloy-ge Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

11 IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 1997 411 A p-Ge C n-Si Heterojunction Diode Summary: -6 by altering the Ge:C ratio. The binary alloy Ge C also...

213

Arnold Schwarzenegger LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Summaries ELEMENT 2: ADVANCE LIGHTING TECHNOLOGIES PROJECT 2.1 LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED light emitting diodes (LED) technology for general lighting applications by developing a task lamp

214

Synthesis of nanocrystals in KNb(Ge,Si)O{sub 5} glasses and chemical etching of nanocrystallized glass fibers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nanocrystallization behavior of 25K{sub 2}O-25Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-(50-x)GeO{sub 2}-xSiO{sub 2} glasses with x=0,25,and50 (i.e., KNb(Ge,Si)O{sub 5} glasses) and the chemical etching behavior of transparent nanocrystallized glass fibers have been examined. All glasses show nanocrystallization, and the degree of transparency of the glasses studied depends on the heat treatment temperature. Transparent nanocrystallized glasses can be obtained if the glasses are heat treated at the first crystallization peak temperature. Transparent nanocrystallized glass fibers with a diameter of about 100{mu}m in 25K{sub 2}O-25Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-50GeO{sub 2} are fabricated, and fibers with sharpened tips (e.g., the taper length is about 450{mu}m and the tip angle is about 12{sup o}) are obtained using a meniscus chemical etching method, in which etching solutions of 10wt%-HF/hexane and 10M-NaOH/hexane are used. Although the tip (aperture size) has not a nanoscaled size, the present study suggests that KNb(Ge,Si)O{sub 5} nanocrystallized glass fibers have a potential for new near-field optical fiber probes with high refractive indices of around n=1.8 and high dielectric constants of around {epsilon}=58 (1kHz, room temperature)

Enomoto, Itaru [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Benino, Yasuhiko [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Fujiwara, Takumi [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Komatsu, Takayuki [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)]. E-mail: komatsu@chem.nagaokaut.ac.jp

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Breaking Ground for GE Oil & Gas Tech Center|GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

February, the company has recently announced a technology collaboration agreement with PEMEX and will continue focusing on key customer co-development to bring better solutions...

216

New Light Sources for Tomorrow's Lighting Designs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, pioneered for headlam~for the automotive industry, has led to the development of halo en capsule lamps for general lighting. The original90-watt family PAR 38 lamps using tungsten halogen capsules produces the sa amount of useful light in the beam as a I... quartz PAR lamps with similar benefi . Each of these tungsten halogen capsule PAR wattages are av ilable in narrow spot, spot, and flood beam patterns. The most recent developments in the PAR halogen psule family include two entirely new lamp designs...

Krailo, D. A.

217

National Synchrotron Light Source  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A tour of Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), hosted by Associate Laboratory Director for Light Sources, Stephen Dierker. The NSLS is one of the world's most widely used scientific research facilities, hosting more than 2,500 guest researchers each year. The NSLS provides intense beams of infrared, ultraviolet, and x-ray light for basic and applied research in physics, chemistry, medicine, geophysics, environmental, and materials sciences.

BNL

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

LED Lighting Retrofit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? Municipal Street Lighting Consortium ? American Public Power Association (APPA) ? Demonstration in Energy Efficiency Development (DEED) ? Source of funding and database of completed LED roadway projects 6 Rules of the Road ESL-KT-11-11-57 CATEE 2011..., 2011 ? 9 Solar-Assisted LED Case Study LaQuinta Hotel, Cedar Park, Texas ? Utilizes 18 - ActiveLED Solar-Assisted Parking Lot Lights ? Utilizes ?power management? to extend battery life while handling light output ? Reduces load which reduces PV...

Shaw-Meadow, N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

High efficiency incandescent lighting  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Incandescent lighting structure. The structure includes a thermal emitter that can, but does not have to, include a first photonic crystal on its surface to tailor thermal emission coupled to, in a high-view-factor geometry, a second photonic filter selected to reflect infrared radiation back to the emitter while passing visible light. This structure is highly efficient as compared to standard incandescent light bulbs.

Bermel, Peter; Ilic, Ognjen; Chan, Walker R.; Musabeyoglu, Ahmet; Cukierman, Aviv Ruben; Harradon, Michael Robert; Celanovic, Ivan; Soljacic, Marin

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

220

Light bullets in nonlinear periodically curved waveguide arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We predict that stable mobile spatiotemporal solitons can exist in arrays of periodically curved optical waveguides. We find two-dimensional light bullets in planar arrays with harmonic waveguide bending and three-dimensional bullets in square lattices with helical waveguide bending using variational formalism. Stability of the light-bullet solutions is confirmed by the direct numerical simulations which show that the light bullets can freely move across the curved arrays. This mobility property is a distinguishing characteristic compared to previously considered discrete light bullets which were trapped to a specific lattice site. These results suggest new possibilities for flexible spatiotemporal manipulation of optical pulses in photonic lattices.

Matuszewski, Michal; Garanovich, Ivan L. [Nonlinear Physics Centre, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Sukhorukov, Andrey A. [Nonlinear Physics Centre, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Centre for Ultra-high Bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Mrk 421, Mrk 501, and 1ES 1426+428 at 100 GeV with the CELESTE Cherenkov Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have measured the gamma-ray fluxes of the blazars Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 in the energy range between 50 and 350 GeV (1.2 to 8.3 x 10^25 Hz). The detector, called CELESTE, used first 40, then 53 heliostats of the former solar facility "Themis" in the French Pyrenees to collect Cherenkov light generated in atmospheric particle cascades. The signal from Mrk 421 is often strong. We compare its flux with previously published multi-wavelength studies and infer that we are straddling the high energy peak of the spectral energy distribution. The signal from Mrk 501 in 2000 was weak (3.4 sigma). We obtain an upper limit on the flux from 1ES 1426+428 of less than half that of the Crab flux near 100 GeV. The data analysis and understanding of systematic biases have improved compared to previous work, increasing the detector's sensitivity.

Smith, D A; Britto, R; Bruel, P; Gordo, J B; Dumora, D; Durand, E; Eschstruth, P; Espigat, P; Holder, J; Jacholkowska, A; Lavalle, J; Le Gallou, R; Lott, B; Manseri, H; Munz, F; Nuss, E; Piron, Frédéric; Reposeur, T; Sako, T

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Mrk 421, Mrk 501, and 1ES 1426+428 at 100 GeV with the CELESTE Cherenkov Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have measured the gamma-ray fluxes of the blazars Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 in the energy range between 50 and 350 GeV (1.2 to 8.3 x 10^25 Hz). The detector, called CELESTE, used first 40, then 53 heliostats of the former solar facility "Themis" in the French Pyrenees to collect Cherenkov light generated in atmospheric particle cascades. The signal from Mrk 421 is often strong. We compare its flux with previously published multi-wavelength studies and infer that we are straddling the high energy peak of the spectral energy distribution. The signal from Mrk 501 in 2000 was weak (3.4 sigma). We obtain an upper limit on the flux from 1ES 1426+428 of less than half that of the Crab flux near 100 GeV. The data analysis and understanding of systematic biases have improved compared to previous work, increasing the detector's sensitivity.

D. A. Smith; E. Brion; R. Britto; P. Bruel; J. Bussons Gordo; D. Dumora; E. Durand; P. Eschstruth; P. Espigat; J. Holder; A. Jacholkowska; J. Lavalle; R. Le Gallou; B. Lott; H. Manseri; F. Munz; E. Nuss; F. Piron; R. C. Rannot; T. Reposeur; T. Sako

2006-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

223

Structural, dynamic, and vibrational properties during heat transfer in Si/Ge superlattices: A Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural, dynamic, and vibrational properties during heat transfer process in Si/Ge superlattices are studied by analyzing the trajectories generated by the ab initio Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation. The radial distribution functions and mean square displacements are calculated and further discussions are made to explain and probe the structural changes relating to the heat transfer phenomenon. Furthermore, the vibrational density of states of the two layers (Si/Ge) are computed and plotted to analyze the contributions of phonons with different frequencies to the heat conduction. Coherent heat conduction of the low frequency phonons is found and their contributions to facilitate heat transfer are confirmed. The Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation outputs in the work show reasonable thermophysical results of the thermal energy transport process and shed light on the potential applications of treating the heat transfer in the superlattices of semiconductor materials from a quantum mechanical molecular dynamics simulation perspective.

Ji, Pengfei; Zhang, Yuwen, E-mail: zhangyu@missouri.edu [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211 (United States); Yang, Mo [College of Energy and Power Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093 (China)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

224

Fitting the Fermi-LAT GeV excess: on the importance of the propagation of electrons from dark matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An excess of gamma rays at GeV energies has been detected in the Fermi-LAT data. This signal comes from a narrow region around the Galactic Center and has been interpreted as possible evidence for light (30 GeV) dark matter particles. Focussing on the prompt gamma-ray emission, previous works found that the best fit to the data corresponds to annihilations proceeding into b quarks, with a dark matter profile going as r^{-1.2}. We show that this is not the only possible annihilation set-up. More specifically, we show how including the contributions to the gamma-ray spectrum from inverse Compton scattering and bremsstrahlung from electrons produced in dark matter annihilations, and undergoing diffusion through the Galactic magnetic field, significantly affects the spectrum for leptonic final states. This drastically changes the interpretation of the excess in terms of dark matter.

Lacroix, Thomas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Multi-GeV neutrinos due to neutro anti-neutron oscillation in Gamma-Ray Burst Fireballs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The long and short gamma-ray bursts are believed to be produced due to collapse of massive stars and merger of compact binaries respectively. All these objects are rich in neutron and the jet outflow from these objects must have a neutron component in it. By postulating the neutron anti-neutron oscillation in the gamma-ray burst fireball, we show that, 19-38 GeV neutrinos and anti-neutrinos can be produced due to annihilation of anti-neutrons with the background neutrons. These neutrinos and anti-neutrinos will be produced before the 5-10 GeV neutrinos due to dynamical decoupling of neutrons from the rest of the fireball. Observation of these neutrinos will shed more light on the nature of the GRB progenitors and also be a unique signature of physics beyond the standard model. A possible way of detecting these neutrinos in future is also discussed.

Sarira Sahu

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

226

GeV Emission from Collisional Magnetized Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic fields may play a dominant role in gamma-ray bursts, and recent observations by the Fermi satellite indicate that GeV radiation, when detected, arrives delayed by seconds from the onset of the MeV component. Motivated by this, we discuss a magnetically dominated jet model where both magnetic dissipation and nuclear collisions are important. We show that, for parameters typical of the observed bursts, such a model involving a realistic jet structure can reproduce the general features of the MeV and a separate GeV radiation component, including the time delay between the two. The model also predicts a multi-GeV neutrino component.

P. Mészáros; M. J. Rees

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

227

A partial wave analysis of the centrally produced pi0pi0 system in pp interactions at 450 GeV/c  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A partial wave analysis of the centrally produced pi0pi0 channel has been performed in pp collisions using an incident beam momentum of 450 GeV/c. An unambiguous physical solution has been found. Evidence is found for the f0(980), f0(1300) and f0(1500) in the the S-wave. and the f2(1270) is observed dominantly in the D0-wave. In addition, there is evidence for a broad enhancement in the D-wave below 1 GeV.

The WA102 Collaboration; D. Barberis et al

1999-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

228

A partial wave analysis of the centrally produced pi+pi- system in pp interactions at 450 GeV/c  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A partial wave analysis of the centrally produced pi+pi- channel has been performed in pp collisions using an incident beam momentum of 450 GeV/c. An unambiguous physical solution has been found. Evidence is found for the f0(980), f0(1300), f0(1500) and fJ(1710) with J = 0 in the the S-wave. The rho(770) is observed dominantly in the P0-wave and the f2(1270) is observed dominantly in the D0-wave. In addition, there is evidence for a broad enhancement in the D-wave below 1 GeV.

The WA102 Collaboration; D. Barberis et al

1999-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

229

Total Light Management  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers total light management, and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Providence, Rhode Island.

230

Lighting Technology Panel  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the Lighting Technology Panel for the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting, held on November 18-19, 2009. 

231

Comparing Light Bulbs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In this exercise, students will use a light to demonstrate the difference between being energy-efficient and energy-wasteful, and learn what energy efficiency means.

232

Solid-State Lighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

research and design. Quality LED luminaires require program designed to successfully move solid-state lighting precise design of several components -LED arrays, electronic into the...

233

Arrays and Cascades of Fluorescent Liquid-Liquid Waveguides: Broadband Light Sources for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arrays and Cascades of Fluorescent Liquid-Liquid Waveguides: Broadband Light Sources) microchannel waveguides with liquid cores containing fluorescent dyes, excited by incident light from an external halogen bulb. Simultaneous use of multiple fluorophores in a common solution, in a single L2 light

Prentiss, Mara

234

GE Progress Includes 140 Things We Made Yesterday | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun with Big SkyDIII-D PerformanceGE Progress Includes

235

GE and Maker Faire Are a Match Made in Nerd Heaven | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun with Big SkyDIII-D PerformanceGE ProgressGEand

236

GE Scientists Source Best Ideas at hackMIT | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area. TheEPSCI HomeTours,FrequentlyFundedWu,Newsroom OurGE

237

Study of natural spin-parity strange meson radial excitations in K/sup -/p. -->. K/sup -/. pi. /sup +/n at 11 GeV/c  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results are presented from a high statistics study of the reaction K/sup -/p ..-->.. K/sup -/..pi../sup +/n at 11 GeV/c. This data was selected offline from an approx. 1000 event/..mu..b K/sup -/p experiment run on the Large Aperture Solenoid Spectrometer (LASS) at SLAC which triggered on essentially the total inelastic cross section. This K/sup -/..pi../sup +/n sample, after cuts, contained approx. 42,000 events in the K..pi.. invariant mass region from 0.65 GeV to 2.30 GeV, and absolute value t' < 0.2 GeV/sup 2/. A spherical harmonic angular moments analysis of this data is presented, as well as an energy independent partial wave analysis (PWA) of these angular moments. The nearly uniform acceptance characteristics of this data allowed a detailed analysis, which yielded information on natural spin-parity strange meson resonances in the K..pi.. invariant mass range from 0.65 GeV to 2.30 GeV. The well established K*(895), K*(1430), and K*(1780) are observed, and clear evidence is presented for a J/sup P/ = 4/sup +/ strange meson state at a mass of 2.08 GeV. The K/sup -/..pi../sup +/ elastic scattering partial waves extracted in this PWA show unambiguous evidence for a relatively narrow S wave resonance near 1.42 GeV in the K..pi.. invariant mass. This state is a confirmation of the 0/sup +/ K(1500) seen in previous PWA's. A new higher S wave resonance is clearly seen unambiguously near 1.90 GeV. Unambiguous evidence is presented for a relatively wide P wave resonance in the 1.70 GeV region.A second new P wave resonance also is seen in two of four ambiguous partial wave solutions in the 2.10 GeV region. These resonance states are discussed within the framework of a simple harmonic oscillator quark model. In particular three of the underlying resonances are discussed as possible natural spin-parity strange meson radial excitations.

Durkin, L.S.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Intermixing between HfO{sub 2} and GeO{sub 2} films deposited on Ge(001) and Si(001): Role of the substrate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermally driven atomic transport in HfO{sub 2}/GeO{sub 2}/substrate structures on Ge(001) and Si(001) was investigated in N{sub 2} ambient as function of annealing temperature and time. As-deposited stacks showed no detectable intermixing and no instabilities were observed on Si. On Ge, loss of O and Ge was detected in all annealed samples, presumably due to evolution of GeO from the GeO{sub 2}/Ge interface. In addition, hafnium germanate is formed at 600 deg. C. Our data indicate that at 500 deg. C and above HfO{sub 2}/GeO{sub 2} stacks are stable only if isolated from the Ge substrate.

Soares, G. V.; Krug, C. [Instituto de Fisica, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul 91509-900 (Brazil); Miotti, L.; Bastos, K. P.; Lucovsky, G. [Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States); Baumvol, I. J. R. [Instituto de Fisica, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul 91509-900 (Brazil); Universidade de Caxias do Sul, Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul 95070-560 (Brazil); Radtke, C. [Instituto de Quimica, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul 91509-900 (Brazil)

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

239

OpenGL Lighting 13. OpenGL Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OpenGL Lighting 13. OpenGL Lighting · Overview of Lighting in OpenGL In order for lighting to have an effect in OpenGL, two things are required: A light An object to be lit Lights can be set to any color determine how they reflect the light which hits them. The color(s) of an object is determined

McDowell, Perry

240

Future Climate Engineering Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future Climate Engineering Solutions Joint report 13 engineering participating engeneering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Engineering Solutions ­ A Climate call from engineers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Summaries of National Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Summary of The Climate Plan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Comment on "Series solution for Richards equation under concentration boundary conditions and uniform initial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

* 1 t* . (4) Salvucci [1996, Figure 4] applied his result to Yolo light clay as done earlier by Barry (1) and (4) with 0.341 (from the property values of Yolo light clay given by Barry et al. [1995 with the numerical solution of that paper). For Yolo light clay, (4) has a maximum error of around 71 2 % as also

Walter, M.Todd

242

Ge-on-Si laser operating at room temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monolithic lasers on Si are ideal for high-volume and large-scale electronic–photonic integration. Ge is an interesting candidate owing to its pseudodirect gap properties and compatibility with Si complementary metal oxide ...

Liu, Jifeng

243

Laser Guiding for GeV Laser-Plasma Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts. IEEE Trans.using laser wake?eld accelerators. Meas. Sci. Technol. 12,for GeV laser-plasma accelerators. In Advanced Accelerator

Leemans, Wim; Esarey, Eric; Geddes, Cameron; Schroeder, C.B.; Toth, Csaba

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Sandia National Laboratories: Northrop-Grumman, GE Partnerships...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experience Northrop-Grumman, GE Partnerships Tap a Wide Range of Sandia Labs Experience Solar Energy Research Institute for India and the United States Kick-Off American Chemical...

245

Endeavour Launch 4: From Columbia to Atlantis | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

enginefeaturedimage3 GE Innovation and Manufacturing in Europe LucasMaltaairplaneV Green Skies of Brazil 2-7-7-v-laser-additive-manufacturing Revolutionizing the Age-Old...

246

Be a part of something bigger than yourself GE Healthcare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, reliability, cost and manufacturability. Work is done using 3D CAD systems. Leading engineering tasks external covers, packaging, mechanisms, cables & harnesses, labelling, and packaging. Knowledge Healthcare, a $17 billion division of General Electric Company. GE Healthcare's broad range of products

Rimon, Elon

247

"Big Picture" Process Modeling Tools |GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

window) Using process modeling tools to attain cost-effective results for GE customers Jimmy Lopez 2015.03.26 Sometimes, we need to look outside the box to realize the powerful...

248

Technology makes reds "pop" in LED displays | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reveal and Energy Smart consumer brands, and Evolve(tm), GTx(tm), Immersion(tm), Infusion(tm), Lumination(tm), Albeo(tm) and Tetra commercial brands, all trademarks of GE....

249

Light intensity compressor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a system for recording images having vastly differing light intensities over the face of the image, a light intensity compressor is provided that utilizes the properties of twisted nematic liquid crystals to compress the image intensity. A photoconductor or photodiode material that is responsive to the wavelength of radiation being recorded is placed adjacent a layer of twisted nematic liquid crystal material. An electric potential applied to a pair of electrodes that are disposed outside of the liquid crystal/photoconductor arrangement to provide an electric field in the vicinity of the liquid crystal material. The electrodes are substantially transparent to the form of radiation being recorded. A pair of crossed polarizers are provided on opposite sides of the liquid crystal. The front polarizer linearly polarizes the light, while the back polarizer cooperates with the front polarizer and the liquid crystal material to compress the intensity of a viewed scene. Light incident upon the intensity compressor activates the photoconductor in proportion to the intensity of the light, thereby varying the field applied to the liquid crystal. The increased field causes the liquid crystal to have less of a twisting effect on the incident linearly polarized light, which will cause an increased percentage of the light to be absorbed by the back polarizer. The intensity of an image may be compressed by forming an image on the light intensity compressor.

Rushford, Michael C. (Livermore, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Splayed mirror light pipes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An expression is given for the transmission of the rectangular-section mirror light pipe. The expression is used to model throughputs for simulated solar conditions over a calender year. It is found that the splaying of a mirror light pipe results in a significant increase in throughputs particularly in winter months. (author)

Swift, P.D. [School of Physical Sciences, Dublin City University, Dublin 9 (Ireland)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Explosively pumped laser light  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single shot laser pumped by detonation of an explosive in a shell casing. The shock wave from detonation of the explosive causes a rare gas to luminesce. The high intensity light from the gas enters a lasing medium, which thereafter outputs a pulse of laser light to disable optical sensors and personnel.

Piltch, Martin S. (Los Alamos, NM); Michelotti, Roy A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Reducing home lighting expenses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ways to reduce lighting expenses are summarized. These include: turning off lights when not in use; keeping fixtures and lamps clean; replacing lamps with more efficient types; using three-way bulbs; use of daylighting; buying fewer lamps and reducing lamp wattage; consider repainting rooms; replacing recessed fixtures with tracklighting; and using efficient lamps for outdoor use. (MCW)

Aimone, M.A.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Light scattering by a rough surface of human skin. 1. The luminance factor of reflected light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on the analytical solution of Maxwell's equations, we have studied the angular structure of the luminance factor of light reflected by the rough skin surface with large-scale relief elements, illuminated by a directed radiation beam incident at an arbitrary angle inside or outside the medium. The parameters of the surface inhomogeneities are typical of human skin. The calculated angular dependences are interpreted from the point of view of the angular distribution function of micro areas. The results obtained can be used for solving direct and inverse problems in biomedical optics, in particular for determining the depth of light penetration into a biological tissue, for studying the light action spectra on tissue chromophores under the in vivo conditions, for developing diagnostic methods of structural and biophysical parameters of a medium, and for optimising the mechanisms of interaction of light with biological tissues under their noninvasive irradiation through skin. (biomedical optics)

Barun, V V [Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics, Minsk (Belarus); Ivanov, A P [B.I.Stepanov Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk (Belarus)

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

254

Probing the Structure of {sup 74}Ge Nucleus with Coupled-channels Analysis of {sup 74}Ge+{sup 74}Ge Fusion Reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the fusion reaction of the {sup 74}Ge+{sup 74}Ge system in term of the full order coupled-channels formalism. We especially calculated the fusion cross section as well as the fusion barrier distribution of this reaction using transition matrix suggested by recent Coulomb excitation experiment. We compare the results with the one obtained by coupling matrix based on pure vibrational and rotational models. The present coupled-channels calculations for the barrier distributions obtained using experiment coupling matrix is in good agreement with the one obtained with vibrational model, in contrast to the rotational model. This is indicates that {sup 74}Ge nucleus favor a spherical shape than a deformed shape in its ground state. Our results will resolve the debates concerning the structure of this nucleus.

Zamrun F, Muhammad [Deparment of Physics University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603 (Malaysia); Jurusan Fisika FMIPA, Universitas Haluoleo, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, 93232 (Indonesia); Kasim, Hasan Abu [Deparment of Physics University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603 (Malaysia)

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

255

Renewable Energy Laboratory for Lighting Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nowadays, the electric lighting is an important part of our lives and also represents a significant part of the electric power consumption. Alternative solutions such as renewable energy applied in this domain are thus welcomed. This paper presents a workstation conceived for the study of photovoltaic solar energy for lighting systems by students of power engineering and civil engineering faculty. The proposed system is realized to study the generated photovoltaic solar energy parameters for lighting systems. For an easier way to study the most relevant parameters virtual instrumentation is implemented. National Instruments LabWindows CVI environment is used as a platform for virtual instrumentation. For future developments remote communication feature intends to be added on which currently remote monitoring of solar photovoltaic energy and electric energy parameters are monitored.

Dumitru Cristian; Gligor Adrian

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

256

Renewable Energy Laboratory for Lighting Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nowadays, the electric lighting is an important part of our lives and also represents a significant part of the electric power consumption. Alternative solutions such as renewable energy applied in this domain are thus welcomed. This paper presents a workstation conceived for the study of photovoltaic solar energy for lighting systems by students of power engineering and civil engineering faculty. The proposed system is realized to study the generated photovoltaic solar energy parameters for lighting systems. For an easier way to study the most relevant parameters virtual instrumentation is implemented. National Instruments LabWindows CVI environment is used as a platform for virtual instrumentation. For future developments remote communication feature intends to be added on which currently remote monitoring of solar photovoltaic energy and electric energy parameters are monitored.

Cristian, Dumitru

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Sustained water cleavage by visible light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sustained cleavage of water by 4 quanta of visible light is achieved in aqueous solutions by using a bifunctional redox catalyst composed of Pt and RuO/sub 2/ cosupported by colloidal TiO/sub 2/ particles. A photochemical model system containing Ru(bpy)/sub 3//sup 2 +/ as a sensitizer and methyl viologen (MV/sup 2 +/) as an electron relay is used to test the effect of catalyst composition, sensitizer concentration, pH, and temperature on the efficiency of light-induced water decomposition. Electron relay free systems also exhibit high photoactivity. Direct band gap irradiation by uv light leads to efficient water cleavage in the absence of sensitizer and relay.

Borgarello, E.; Kiwi, J.; Pelizzetti, E.; Visca, M.; Graetzel, M.

1981-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

258

AC transport in p-Ge/GeSi quantum well in high magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The contactless surface acoustic wave technique is implemented to probe the high-frequency conductivity of a high-mobility p-Ge/GeSi quantum well structure in the regime of integer quantum Hall effect (IQHE) at temperatures 0.3–5.8 K and magnetic fields up to 18 T. It is shown that, in the IQHE regime at the minima of conductivity, holes are localized and ac conductivity is of hopping nature and can be described within the “two-site” model. The analysis of the temperature and magnetic-field-orientation dependence of the ac conductivity at odd filing factors enables us to determine the effective hole g-factor, |g{sub zz}|?4.5. It is shown that the in-plane component of the magnetic field leads to a decrease in the g-factor as well as increase in the cyclotron mass, which is explained by orbital effects in the complex valence band of germanium.

Drichko, I. L.; Malysh, V. A.; Smirnov, I. Yu.; Golub, L. E.; Tarasenko, S. A. [A.F. Ioffe Physical Technical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, 194021 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Suslov, A. V. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, FL 32310 (United States); Mironov, O. A. [Warwick SEMINANO R and D Center, University of Warwick Science Park, Coventry CV4 7EZ (United Kingdom); Kummer, M.; Känel, H. von [Laboratorium für Festkörperphysik ETH Zürich, CH-8093 Zürich (Switzerland)

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

259

Study of plutonium disposition using the GE Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The end of the cold war and the resulting dismantlement of nuclear weapons has resulted in the need for the U.S. to disposition 50 to 100 metric tons of excess of plutonium in parallel with a similar program in Russia. A number of studies, including the recently released National Academy of Sciences (NAS) study, have recommended conversion of plutonium into spent nuclear fuel with its high radiation barrier as the best means of providing long-term diversion resistance to this material. The NAS study {open_quotes}Management and Disposition of Excess Weapons Plutonium{close_quotes} identified light water reactor spent fuel as the most readily achievable and proven form for the disposition of excess weapons plutonium. The study also stressed the need for a U.S. disposition program which would enhance the prospects for a timely reciprocal program agreement with Russia. This summary provides the key findings of a GE study where plutonium is converted into Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel and a 1350 MWe GE Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) is utilized to convert the plutonium to spent fuel. The ABWR represents the integration of over 30 years of experience gained worldwide in the design, construction and operation of BWRs. It incorporates advanced features to enhance reliability and safety, minimize waste and reduce worker exposure. For example, the core is never uncovered nor is any operator action required for 72 hours after any design basis accident. Phase 1 of this study was documented in a GE report dated May 13, 1993. DOE`s Phase 1 evaluations cited the ABWR as a proven technical approach for the disposition of plutonium. This Phase 2 study addresses specific areas which the DOE authorized as appropriate for more in-depth evaluations. A separate report addresses the findings relative to the use of existing BWRs to achieve the same goal.

NONE

1994-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

260

VIRTUAL LIGHT: DIGITALLY-GENERATED LIGHTING FOR VIDEO CONFERENCING APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VIRTUAL LIGHT: DIGITALLY-GENERATED LIGHTING FOR VIDEO CONFERENCING APPLICATIONS Andrea Basso method to improve the lighting conditions of a real scene or video sequence. In particular we concentrate on modifying real light sources intensities and inserting virtual lights into a real scene viewed from a fixed

Fisher, Kathleen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Lighting affects appearance LightSource emits photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Lighting affects appearance #12;2 LightSource emits photons Photons travel in a straight line). And then some reach the eye/camera. #12;3 Reflectance Model how objects reflect light. Model light sources Algorithms for computing Shading: computing intensities within polygons Determine what light strikes what

Jacobs, David

262

Measurement of Dynamic Light Scattering Intensity in Gels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the scientific literature little attention has been given to the use of dynamic light scattering (DLS) as a tool for extracting the thermodynamic information contained in the absolute intensity of light scattered by gels. In this article we show that DLS yields reliable measurements of the intensity of light scattered by the thermodynamic fluctuations, not only in aqueous polymer solutions, but also in hydrogels. In hydrogels, light scattered by osmotic fluctuations is heterodyned by that from static or slowly varying inhomogeneities. The two components are separable owing to their different time scales, giving good experimental agreement with macroscopic measurements of the osmotic pressure. DLS measurements in gels are, however, tributary to depolarised light scattering from the network as well as to multiple light scattering. The paper examines these effects, as well as the instrumental corrections required to determine the osmotic modulus. For guest polymers trapped in a hydrogel the measured intensity...

Rochas, Cyrille

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The distribution of Ga and Sb impurities in Ge-Si crystals grown by the Bridgman method using a feeding rod  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gallium- and antimony-doped Ge{sub 1-x}Si{sub x} crystals (0 {<=} x {<=} 0.25) have been grown by the improved Bridgman method using a silicon seed and a macrohomogeneous feeding Ge-Si rod of the corresponding composition. The impurity concentration profiles along the grown crystals were determined from Hall measurements. The mathematical problem of impurity distribution along two-component mixed crystals grown from a melt with uniform and graded composition is solved in the Pfann approximation and within the virtual-crystal model for the solid solution. It is shown that the experimental impurity distributions in Ge{sub 1-x}Si{sub x} crystals are described well by the data calculated on the assumption of linear change in the impurity segregation coefficient with the crystal composition.

Azhdarov, G. Kh., E-mail: zangi@physics.ab.az [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan); Zeynalov, Z. M. [Ganja State University (Azerbaijan); Huseynli, L. A. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Co silicide formation on SiGeC/Si and SiGe/Si layers R. A. Donatona)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the total strain energy in the layer and restricts the applications where high Ge concentrations are needed spectrometry, secondary ion mass spectroscopy SIMS , and four point probe for sheet resistance measure- ments

265

NATIONAL SYNCHROTRON LIGHT SOURCE ACTIVITY REPORT 1998.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In FY 1998, following the 50th Anniversary Year of Brookhaven National Laboratory, Brookhaven Science Associates became the new Managers of BNL. The new start is an appropriate time to take stock of past achievements and to renew or confirm future goals. During the 1998 NSLS Annual Users Meeting (described in Part 3 of this Activity Report), the DOE Laboratory Operations Board, Chaired by the Under Secretary for Energy, Ernest Moniz met at BNL. By chance all the NSLS Chairmen except Martin Blume (acting NSLS Chair 84-85) were present as recorded in the picture. Under their leadership the NSLS has improved dramatically: (1) The VUV Ring current has increased from 100 mA in October 1982 to nearly 1 A today. For the following few years 10 Ahrs of current were delivered most weeks - NSLS now exceeds that every day. (2) When the first experiments were performed on the X-ray ring during FY1985 the electron energy was 2 GeV and the current up to 100 mA - the X-Ray Ring now runs routinely at 2.5 GeV and at 2.8 GeV with up to 350 mA of current, with a very much longer beam half-life and improved reliability. (3) Starting in FY 1984 the proposal for the Phase II upgrade, mainly for a building extension and a suite of insertion devices and their associated beamlines, was pursued - the promises were delivered in full so that for some years now the NSLS has been running with two undulators in the VUV Ring and three wigglers and an undulator in the X-Ray Ring. In addition two novel insertion devices have been commissioned in the X13 straight. (4) At the start of FY 1998 the NSLS welcomed its 7000th user - attracted by the opportunity for pursuing research with high quality beams, guaranteed not to be interrupted by 'delivery failures', and welcomed by an efficient and caring user office and first class teams of PRT and NSLS staff. R & D have lead to the possibility of running the X-Ray Ring at the higher energy of 2.8 GeV. Figure 1 shows the first user beam, which was provided thereafter for half of the running time in FY 1998. In combination with the development of narrow gap undulators this mode opens the possibility of new undulators which could produce hard X-rays in the fundamental, perhaps up to 10 keV. On 27 September 1998, a low horizontal emittance lattice became operational at 2.584 GeV. This results in approximately a 50% decrease in the horizontal beam-size on dipole bending magnet beamlines, and somewhat less of a decrease on the insertion device lines. The beam lifetime is not degraded by the low emittance lattice. This represents an important achievement, enhancing for all users the x-ray ring brightness. The reduced horizontal emittance electron beam will produce brighter x-ray beams for all the beamlines, both bending magnets and insertion devices, adding to other recent increases in the X-Ray ring brightness. During FY 1999 users will gain experience of the new running mode and plans are in place to do the same at 2.8GeV during further studies sessions. Independent evidence of the reduced emittance is shown in Figure 2. This is a pinhole camera scan showing the X-ray beam profile, obtained on the diagnostic beamline X28. Finally, work has begun to update and refine the proposal of the Phase III upgrade endorsed by the Birgeneau panel and BESAC last year. With the whole NSLS facility in teenage years and with many demonstrated enhancements available, the time has come to herald in the next stage of life at the Light Source.

ROTHMAN,E.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Multiwavelength observations of GRB 110731A: GeV emission from onset to afterglow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the multiwavelength observations of the bright, long gamma-ray burst \\GRB, by the \\Fermi and \\Swift observatories, and by the MOA and GROND optical telescopes. The analysis of the prompt phase reveals that \\GRB shares many features with bright Large Area Telescope bursts observed by \\Fermi during the first 3 years on-orbit: a light curve with short time variability across the whole energy range during the prompt phase, delayed onset of the emission above 100 MeV, extra power law component and temporally extended high-energy emission. In addition, this the first GRB for which simultaneous GeV, X-ray, and optical data are available over multiple epochs beginning just after the trigger time and extending for more than 800 s, allowing temporal and spectral analysis in different epochs that favor emission from the forward shock in a wind-type medium. The observed temporally extended GeV emission is most likely part of the high-energy end of the afterglow emission. Both the single-zone pair transparenc...

,

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Novel Higgs-to-125 GeV Higgs boson decays in the complex NMSSM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) a variety of parameter configurations yields a Higgs boson consistent with the one observed at the LHC. Additionally, the Higgs sector of the model can contain explicit CP-violating phases even at the tree level, in contrast with the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). In this article we present the one-loop Higgs boson mass matrix of the complex NMSSM in the renormalisation-group-improved effective potential approach. We also present the trilinear Higgs boson self-couplings as well as various partial decay widths of a generic CP-mixed Higgs boson in the model. We then analyse a very interesting phenomenological scenario wherein the decay of a relatively light pseudoscalar-like Higgs boson into ~ 125 GeV SM-like Higgs boson(s) is induced by non-zero CP-violating phases. We discuss in detail a few benchmark cases in which such a decay can contribute significantly to the production of SM-like Higgs bosons at the LHC on top of the gluon fusion process. It can thus be partially responsible for the gamma.gamma excess near 125 GeV due to the subsequent decay of the SM-like Higgs boson. Such a scenario is extremely difficult to realize in the complex MSSM and, if probed at the LHC, it could provide an indication of the non-minimal nature of supersymmetry.

Shoaib Munir

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

268

Ge interactions on HfO{sub 2} surfaces and kinetically driven patterning of Ge nanocrystals on HfO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Germanium interactions are studied on HfO{sub 2} surfaces, which are prepared through physical vapor deposition (PVD) and by atomic layer deposition. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and temperature-programed desorption are used to follow the reactions of germanium on HfO{sub 2}. Germanium chemical vapor deposition at 870 K on HfO{sub 2} produces a GeO{sub x} adhesion layer, followed by growth of semiconducting Ge{sup 0}. PVD of 0.7 ML Ge (accomplished by thermally cracking GeH{sub 4} over a hot filament) also produces an initial GeO{sub x} layer, which is stable up to 800 K. PVD above 2.0 ML deposits semiconducting Ge{sup 0}. Temperature programed desorption experiments of {approx}1.0 ML Ge from HfO{sub 2} at 400-1100 K show GeH{sub 4} desorption below 600 K and GeO desorption above 850 K. These results are compared to Ge on SiO{sub 2} where GeO desorption is seen at 550 K. Exploiting the different reactivity of Ge on HfO{sub 2} and SiO{sub 2} allows a kinetically driven patterning scheme for high-density Ge nanoparticle growth on HfO{sub 2} surfaces that is demonstrated.

Stanley, Scott K.; Joshi, Sachin V.; Banerjee, Sanjay K.; Ekerdt, John G. [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-0231 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-0240 (United States); Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-0231 (United States)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Production and Testing Experience with the SRF Cavities for the CEBAF 12 GeV Upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The CEBAF recirculating CW electron linear accelerator at Jefferson Lab is presently undergoing a major upgrade to 12 GeV. This project includes the fabrication, preparation, and testing of 80 new 7-cell SRF cavities, followed by their incorporation into ten new cryomodules for subsequent testing and installation. In order to maximize the cavity Q over the full operable dynamic range in CEBAF (as high as 25 MV/m), the decision was taken to apply a streamlined preparation process that includes a final light temperature-controlled electropolish of the rf surface over the vendor-provided bulk BCP etch. Cavity processing work began at JLab in September 2010 and will continue through December 2011. The excellent performance results are exceeding project requirements and indicate a fabrication and preparation process that is stable and well controlled. The cavity production and performance experience to date will be summarized and lessons learned reported to the community.

A. Burrill, G.K. Davis, F. Marhauser, C.E. Reece, A.V. Reilly, M. Stirbet

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Collective flow in Ar+KCl at 1. 8 GeV/nucleon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The failure of the standard sphericity tensor analysis to detect any significant collective flow effect in Ar+KCl at 1.8A GeV is examined in light of the success of the transverse momentum analysis technique suggested by Danielewicz and Odyniec in exhibiting collective flow in the same system. It is argued, using a simple estimate which takes into consideration the main features of the data, that the failure of the sphericity analysis is attributable to the dominant contribution of the longitudinal momentum of the spectators which has nothing to do with the collective effects for which sphericity analysis is designed. The exclusion of the spectators from the sphericity tensor leads to a clear signal from the collective transverse flow of the participants whenever such a flow takes place.

Jaqaman, H.R.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Background p(450 GeV/c)-p,d (NA51)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;Background ' Open charm J / Drell-Yan #12;* p(450 GeV/c)-p,d (NA51) 208 16 p(200 Ge) 32 p(450 GeV/c)-A (A=C,Al,Cu,W) (NA38) 10101 10101010 652 3 4 B targetprojectile B(J/)/(AB)(nb) 5 4 3 Pb(208x158 GeV/c)-Pb (NA50) S(32x200 GeV/c)-U (NA38) p(200 GeV/c)-W (NA38) p(450 GeV/c)-A (A=p,d) (NA

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

272

Green Light Pulse Oximeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reflectance pulse oximeter that determines oxygen saturation of hemoglobin using two sources of electromagnetic radiation in the green optical region, which provides the maximum reflectance pulsation spectrum. The use of green light allows placement of an oximetry probe at central body sites (e.g., wrist, thigh, abdomen, forehead, scalp, and back). Preferably, the two green light sources alternately emit light at 560 nm and 577 nm, respectively, which gives the biggest difference in hemoglobin extinction coefficients between deoxyhemoglobin, RHb, and oxyhemoglobin, HbO.sub.2.

Scharf, John Edward (Oldsmar, FL)

1998-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

273

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s.

Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

Erskine, D.J.

1997-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

275

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s.

Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

Erskine, D.J.

1999-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

277

Lakeview Light and Power- Commercial Lighting Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Lakeview Light and Power offers a commercial lighting rebate program. Rebates apply to the installation of energy efficient lighting retrofits in non-residential buildings. The rebate program is...

278

Photoluminescence and positron annihilation spectroscopy investigation of (Ge, Er) codoped Si oxides deposited by magnetron sputtering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the nature of violet-blue emission from (Ge, Er) codoped Si oxides (Ge+Er+SiO{sub 2}) using photoluminescence (PL) and positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) measurements. The PL spectra and PAS analysis for a control Ge-doped SiO{sub 2} (Ge+SiO{sub 2}) indicate that Ge-associated neutral oxygen vacancies (Ge-NOV) are likely responsible for the major emission in the violet-blue band. For Ge+Er+SiO{sub 2}, both Ge-NOV and GeO color centers are believed to be responsible for the emission band. The addition of Er has a significant influence on the emission, which is discussed in terms of Er-concentration-related structural change in the Ge+Er+SiO{sub 2}.

Heng, C. L.; Chelomentsev, E.; Peng, Z. L.; Mascher, P. [Department of Engineering Physics and Centre for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1 (Canada); Simpson, P. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Expected performance of an ideal liquid argon neutrino detector with enhanced sensitivity to scintillation light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scintillation light is used in liquid argon (LAr) neutrino detectors to provide a trigger signal, veto information against cosmic rays, and absolute event timing. In this work, we discuss additional opportunities offered by detectors with enhanced sensitivity to scintillation light, that is with light collection efficiencies of about $10^{-3}$. We focus on two key detector performance indicators for neutrino oscillation physics: calorimetric neutrino energy reconstruction and neutrino/antineutrino separation in a non-magnetized detector. Our results are based on detailed simulations, with neutrino interactions modelled according to the GENIE event generator, while the charge and light responses of a large LAr ideal detector are described by the Geant4 and NEST simulation tools. A neutrino energy resolution as good as 3.3\\% RMS for 4 GeV electron neutrino charged-current interactions can in principle be obtained in a large detector of this type, by using both charge and light information. By exploiting muon capture in argon and scintillation light information to veto muon decay electrons, we also obtain muon neutrino identification efficiencies of about 50\\%, and muon antineutrino misidentification rates at the few percent level, for few-GeV neutrino interactions that are fully contained. We argue that the construction of large LAr detectors with sufficiently high light collection efficiencies is in principle possible.

M. Sorel

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

280

Quantum fluctations of coherent light in nonlinear media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of coherent light with a nonlinear medium is modeled here by a general quantum anharmonic oscillator. The model is not exactly solvable in a closed analytical form. But we need operator solutions of the equations of motion corresponding to these models in order to study the quantum fluctuations of coherent light in nonlinear media. In the present work we derive approximate operator solutions. From these solutions we observe that there exists an apparent discrepancy between the solutions obtained by different techniques. We compare different solutions and conclude that all correct solutions are equivalent and the apparent discrepancy is due to the use of different ordering of the operators. We use these solutions to investigate the possibilities of observing different optical phenomena in a nonlinear dielectric medium. To be precise, we have studied quantum phase fluctuations of coherent light in a third order inversion symmetric nonlinear medium. Fluctuations in phase space quadrature for the same system are studied and the possibility of generating squeezed state is reported. Fluctuations in photon number are studied and the nonclassical phenomenon of antibunching is predicted. We have generalized the results obtained for third order nonlinear medium and have studied the interaction of an intense laser beam with a general (m-1)-th order nonlinear medium. Aharanov Anandan nonadiabatic geometric phase is also discussed in the context of (m-1)-th order nonlinear medium.

Anirban Pathak

2002-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Colliding beams of light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The stationary gravitational field of two identical counter-moving beams of pure radiation is found in full generality. The solution depends on an arbitrary function and a parameter which sets the scale of the energy density. Some of its properties are studied. Previous particular solutions are derived as subcases.

B. V. Ivanov

2002-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

282

Light Vector Mesons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article reviews the current status of experimental results obtained in the measurement of light vector mesons produced in proton-proton and heavy ion collisions at different energies. The review is focused on two phenomena related to the light vector mesons; the modification of the spectral shape in search of Chiral symmetry restoration and suppression of the meson production in heavy ion collisions. The experimental results show that the spectral shape of light vector mesons are modified compared to the parameters measured in vacuum. The nature and the magnitude of the modification depends on the energy density of the media in which they are produced. The suppression patterns of light vector mesons are different from the measurements of other mesons and baryons. The mechanisms responsible for the suppression of the mesons are not yet understood. Systematic comparison of existing experimental results points to the missing data which may help to resolve the problem.

Alexander Milov

2008-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

283

National Synchrotron Light Source  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A tour of Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS). The NSLS is one of the world's most widely used scientific research facilities, hosting more than 2,500 guest researchers each year. The NSLS provides intense beams of infrared, ultraviole

None

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

284

Efficient Light Sources Today  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reviews new lamp and lighting technology in terms of application and economic impact. Included are the latest advances in High Intensity Discharge systems, energy saving fluorescent lamps and ballasts, and the new state of the art high...

Hart, A. L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Natural lighting and skylights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

outlined herein, the feasibility of using scale models for studying skylights is also an established fact. The method of analysis by models can be a valuable tool to any designer who is concerned about day-lighting....

Evans, Benjamin Hampton

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Reading Municipal Light Department- Business Lighting Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Reading Municipal Light Department (RMLD) offers incentives for non-residential customers to install energy efficient lights and sensors in existing facilities. In addition to rebates for the...

287

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Characteristics  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

of a light source's accuracy in rendering different colors when compared to a reference light source. The highest attainable CRI is 100. Lamps with CRIs above 70 are...

288

Columbia Water and Light- HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Columbia Water and Light (CWL) offers rebates to its commercial and industrial customers for the purchase of high efficiency HVAC installations and efficient lighting. Incentives for certain...

289

Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

around the same time that his rival, Thomas Edison, was working to improve the incandescent light bulb. In the early 1990s, several major lighting manufacturers introduced...

290

Peninsula Light Company- Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Peninsula Light Company (PLC) offers a rebate program for commercial customers who wish to upgrade to energy efficient lighting. Participating customers must be served by PLC commercial service....

291

Variable Light-Cone Theory of Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how to reformulate Variable Speed of Light Theories (VSLT) in a covariant fashion as Variable Light-Cone Theories (VLCT) by introducing two vierbein bundles each associated with a distinct metric. The basic gravitational action relates to one bundle while matter propagates relative to the other in a conventional way. The variability of the speed of light is represented by the variability of the matter light-cone relative to the gravitational light-cone. The two bundles are related locally by an element M, of SL(4,R). The dynamics of the field M is that of a SL(4,R)-sigma model gauged with respect to local (orthochronous) Lorentz transformations on each of the bundles. Only the ``massless'' version of the model with a single new coupling, F, that has the same dimensions as Newton's constant $G_N$, is considered in this paper. When F vanishes the theory reduces to standard General Relativity. We verify that the modified Bianchi identities of the model are consistent with the standard conservation law for the matter energy-momentum tensor in its own background metric. The implications of the model for some simple applications are examined, the Newtonian limit, the flat FRW universe and the spherically symmetric static solution.

I. T. Drummond

1999-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

292

Solid state lighting component  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An LED component comprising an array of LED chips mounted on a planar surface of a submount with the LED chips capable of emitting light in response to an electrical signal. The LED chips comprise respective groups emitting at different colors of light, with each of the groups interconnected in a series circuit. A lens is included over the LED chips. Other embodiments can comprise thermal spreading structures included integral to the submount and arranged to dissipate heat from the LED chips.

Yuan, Thomas; Keller, Bernd; Ibbetson, James; Tarsa, Eric; Negley, Gerald

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

293

Solid state lighting component  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An LED component comprising an array of LED chips mounted on a planar surface of a submount with the LED chips capable of emitting light in response to an electrical signal. The LED chips comprise respective groups emitting at different colors of light, with each of the groups interconnected in a series circuit. A lens is included over the LED chips. Other embodiments can comprise thermal spreading structures included integral to the submount and arranged to dissipate heat from the LED chips.

Keller, Bernd; Ibbetson, James; Tarsa, Eric; Negley, Gerald; Yuan, Thomas

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

294

Solution deposition assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and devices are provided for improved deposition systems. In one embodiment of the present invention, a deposition system is provided for use with a solution and a substrate. The system comprises of a solution deposition apparatus; at least one heating chamber, at least one assembly for holding a solution over the substrate; and a substrate curling apparatus for curling at least one edge of the substrate to define a zone capable of containing a volume of the solution over the substrate. In another embodiment of the present invention, a deposition system for use with a substrate, the system comprising a solution deposition apparatus; at heating chamber; and at least assembly for holding solution over the substrate to allow for a depth of at least about 0.5 microns to 10 mm.

Roussillon, Yann; Scholz, Jeremy H; Shelton, Addison; Green, Geoff T; Utthachoo, Piyaphant

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

295

Light and Energy -Daylight measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light and Energy - Daylight measurements #12;Light and Energy - Daylight measurements Authors: Jens;3 Title Light and Energy Subtitle Daylight measurements Authors Jens Christoffersen, Ásta Logadóttir ........................................................................................................ 5 Daylight quantity

296

Energy Conservation in Industrial Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to reduce energy use in lighting Union Carbide recently issued drastically reduced new lighting level standards. A computerized lighting cost program was also developed. Using this program a number of additional energy saving techniques...

Meharg, E.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Lighting and the Bottom Line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A discussion of the cost of light and how it relates to the cost of people. The new Illuminating Engineering Society recommended method of determining lighting levels will be explained. Also several ways of providing good lighting to increase...

Christensen, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

QCD and Light-Front Dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AdS/QCD, the correspondence between theories in a dilaton-modified five-dimensional anti-de Sitter space and confining field theories in physical space-time, provides a remarkable semiclassical model for hadron physics. Light-front holography allows hadronic amplitudes in the AdS fifth dimension to be mapped to frame-independent light-front wavefunctions of hadrons in physical space-time. The result is a single-variable light-front Schroedinger equation which determines the eigenspectrum and the light-front wavefunctions of hadrons for general spin and orbital angular momentum. The coordinate z in AdS space is uniquely identified with a Lorentz-invariant coordinate {zeta} which measures the separation of the constituents within a hadron at equal light-front time and determines the off-shell dynamics of the bound state wavefunctions as a function of the invariant mass of the constituents. The hadron eigenstates generally have components with different orbital angular momentum; e.g., the proton eigenstate in AdS/QCD with massless quarks has L = 0 and L = 1 light-front Fock components with equal probability. Higher Fock states with extra quark-anti quark pairs also arise. The soft-wall model also predicts the form of the nonperturbative effective coupling and its {beta}-function. The AdS/QCD model can be systematically improved by using its complete orthonormal solutions to diagonalize the full QCD light-front Hamiltonian or by applying the Lippmann-Schwinger method to systematically include QCD interaction terms. Some novel features of QCD are discussed, including the consequences of confinement for quark and gluon condensates. A method for computing the hadronization of quark and gluon jets at the amplitude level is outlined.

Brodsky, Stanley J.; de Teramond, Guy F.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins /Costa Rica U.

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

299

The Speed of Light as a Dilaton Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Through dimensional analysis, eliminating the physical time, we identify the speed of light as a dilaton field. This leads to a restmass zero, spin zero gauge field which we call the speedon field. The complete Lagrangian for gravitational, electromagnetic and speedon field interactions with a charged scalar field, representing matter, is given. We then find solutions for the gravitational-electromagnetic-speedon field equations. This then gives an expression for the speed of light.

Walter Wyss

1997-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

300

Light diffusing fiber optic chamber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A light diffusion system for transmitting light to a target area. The light is transmitted in a direction from a proximal end to a distal end by an optical fiber. A diffusing chamber is operatively connected to the optical fiber for transmitting the light from the proximal end to the distal end and transmitting said light to said target area. A plug is operatively connected to the diffusing chamber for increasing the light that is transmitted to the target area.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Mixed oxide solid solutions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a mixed oxide solid solution containing a tetravalent and a pentavalent cation that can be used as a support for a metal combustion catalyst. The invention is furthermore a combustion catalyst containing the mixed oxide solid solution and a method of making the mixed oxide solid solution. The tetravalent cation is zirconium(+4), hafnium(+4) or thorium(+4). In one embodiment, the pentavalent cation is tantalum(+5), niobium(+5) or bismuth(+5). Mixed oxide solid solutions of the present invention exhibit enhanced thermal stability, maintaining relatively high surface areas at high temperatures in the presence of water vapor.

Magno, Scott (Dublin, CA); Wang, Ruiping (Fremont, CA); Derouane, Eric (Liverpool, GB)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Fermi LAT Observations of LS I +61 303: First Detection of an Orbital Modulation in GeV Gamma Rays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Letter presents the first results from the observations of LS I +61{sup o}303 using Large Area Telescope data from the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope between 2008 August and 2009 March. Our results indicate variability that is consistent with the binary period, with the emission being modulated at 26.6 {+-} 0.5 days. This constitutes the first detection of orbital periodicity in high-energy gamma rays (20 MeV-100 GeV, HE). The light curve is characterized by a broad peak after periastron, as well as a smaller peak just before apastron. The spectrum is best represented by a power law with an exponential cutoff, yielding an overall flux above 100 MeV of 0.82 {+-} 0.03(stat) {+-} 0.07(syst) 10{sup -6} ph cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}, with a cutoff at 6.3 {+-} 1.1(stat) {+-} 0.4(syst) GeV and photon index {Gamma} = 2.21 {+-} 0.04(stat) {+-} 0.06(syst). There is no significant spectral change with orbital phase. The phase of maximum emission, close to periastron, hints at inverse Compton scattering as the main radiation mechanism. However, previous very high-energy gamma ray (>100 GeV, VHE) observations by MAGIC and VERITAS show peak emission close to apastron. This and the energy cutoff seen with Fermi suggest that the link between HE and VHE gamma rays is nontrivial.

Abdo, A.A.; /Federal City Coll. /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C.; Ackermann, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Ajello, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Atwood, W.B.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Axelsson, M.; /Stockholm U., OKC /Stockholm U.; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Ballet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Barbiellini, G.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bastieri, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Baughman, B.M.; /Ohio State U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Berenji, B.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Blandford, R.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bloom, E.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brez, A.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique /Washington U., Seattle /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /IASF, Milan /Milan Polytechnic /DAPNIA, Saclay /ASDC, Frascati /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /George Mason U. /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Montpellier U. /Sonoma State U. /Stockholm U., OKC /Royal Inst. Tech., Stockholm /Stockholm U. /DAPNIA, Saclay /NASA, Goddard /CSST, Baltimore /ASDC, Frascati /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /INFN, Trieste /Pavia U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /UC, Santa Cruz /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Grenoble, CEN; /more authors..

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

303

July 18, 2012 Using QECBs for Street Lighting Upgrades  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lighting technologies (e.g. light-emitting diodes, induction lighting) can reduce street light energy

304

Efficiency Maine Residential Lighting Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Efficiency Maine's Residential Lighting Program works directly with retailers and manufacturers to encourage residential customers to purchase energy-efficient lighting. Rebate amounts average $1...

305

Direct Observation of Room-Temperature Polar Ordering in Colloidal GeTe Nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ferroelectrics and other materials that exhibit spontaneous polar ordering have demonstrated immense promise for applications ranging from non-volatile memories to microelectromechanical systems. However, experimental evidence of polar ordering and effective synthetic strategies for accessing these materials are lacking for low-dimensional nanomaterials. Here, we demonstrate the synthesis of size-controlled nanocrystals of the polar material germanium telluride (GeTe) using colloidal chemistry and provide the first direct evidence of room-temperature polar ordering in nanocrystals less than 5 nm in size using aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy. Synchrotron x-ray diffraction and Raman studies demonstrate a sizeable polar distortion and a reversible size-dependent polar phase transition in these nanocrystals. The stability of polar ordering in solution-processible nanomaterials suggests an economical avenue to Tbit/in2-density non-volatile memory devices and other applications.

Polking, Mark J.; Zheng, Haimei; Urban, Jeffrey J.; Milliron, Delia J.; Chan, Emory; Caldwell, Marissa A.; Raoux, Simone; Kisielowski, Christian F.; Ager III, Joel W.; Ramesh, Ramamoorthy; Alivisatos, A.P.

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

306

Constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model spectroscopy in light of PAMELA and ATIC observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dark matter neutralinos in the constrained minimal supersymmetric model (CMSSM) may account for the recent cosmic ray electron and positron observations reported by the PAMELA and ATIC experiments either through self annihilation or via decay. However, to achieve this, both scenarios require new physics beyond the 'standard' CMSSM, and a unified explanation of the two experiments suggests a neutralino mass of order 700 GeV-2 TeV. A relatively light neutralino with mass around 100 GeV (300 GeV) can accommodate the PAMELA but not the ATIC observations based on a model of annihilating (decaying) neutralinos. We study the implications of these scenarios for Higgs and sparticle spectroscopy in the CMSSM and highlight some benchmark points. An estimate of neutrino flux expected from the annihilating and decaying neutralino scenarios is provided.

Gogoladze, Ilia; Khalid, Rizwan; Shafi, Qaisar; Yueksel, Hasan [Bartol Research Institute, Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Grating-coupled mid-infrared light emission from tensilely strained germanium nanomembranes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mechanically stressed nanomembranes are used to demonstrate mid-infrared interband light emission from Ge within the 2.1–2.5 ?m atmospheric transmission window. Large biaxial tensile strain is introduced in these samples to convert Ge into a (near-) direct-bandgap semiconductor and to red-shift its luminescence. A diffractive array of Ge pillars is used to outcouple the long-wavelength interband radiation, which is otherwise primarily emitted in the sample plane. An order-of-magnitude strain-induced enhancement in radiative efficiency is also reported, together with the observation of luminescence signatures associated with photonic-crystal cavity modes. These results are promising for the development of silicon-compatible lasers for mid-infrared optoelectronics applications.

Boztug, Cicek; Yin, Jian; Paiella, Roberto, E-mail: rpaiella@bu.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Photonics Center, Boston University, 8 Saint Mary's Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Photonics Center, Boston University, 8 Saint Mary's Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Sánchez-Pérez, José R.; Lagally, Max G., E-mail: lagally@engr.wisc.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin–Madison, 1509 University Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

308

Dark radiation from the axino solution of the gravitino problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current observations of the cosmic microwave background could confirm an increase in the radiation energy density after primordial nucleosynthesis but before photon decoupling. We show that, if the gravitino problem is solved by a light axino, dark (decoupled) radiation emerges naturally in this period leading to a new upper bound on the reheating temperature T_R < 10^{11} GeV. In turn, successful thermal leptogenesis might predict such an increase. The Large Hadron Collider could endorse this opportunity. At the same time, axion and axino can naturally form the observed dark matter.

Jasper Hasenkamp

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

309

Dispersant solutions for dispersing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dispersant solution includes a hydrocarbon dispersing solution derived from a bacterium from ATCC 75527, ATCC 75529, or ATCC 55638.

Tyndall, Richard L. (Clinton, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Dispersant solutions for dispersing hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dispersant solution includes a hydrocarbon dispersing solution derived from a bacterium from ATCC 75527, ATCC 75529, or ATCC 55638.

Tyndall, R.L.

1997-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

311

Spin Structure with JLab 6 and 12 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights of JLab 6 GeV results on spin structure study and plan for 12 GeV program. Spin structure study is full of surprises and puzzles. A decade of experiments from JLab yield these exciting results: (1) valence spin structure; (2) precision measurements of g{sub 2}/d{sub 2} - high-twist; (3) spin sum rules and polarizabilities; and (4) first neutron transversity. There is a bright future as the 12 GeV Upgrade will greatly enhance our capability: (1) Precision determination of the valence quark spin structure flavor separation; (2) Precision measurements of g{sub 2}/d{sub 2}; and (3) Precision extraction of transversity/tensor charge.

Jian-Ping Chen

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Jefferson Lab 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The existing continuous electron beam accelerator facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) is a 5-pass, recirculating cw electron Linac operating at ~6 GeV and is devoted to basic research in nuclear physics. The 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade is a $310 M project, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Physics, that will expand its research capabilities substantially by doubling the maximum energy and adding major new experimental apparatus. The project received construction approval in September 2008 and has started the major procurement process. The cryogenic aspects of the 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade includes: doubling the accelerating voltages of the Linacs by adding ten new high-performance, superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cryomodules (CMs) to the existing 42 1/4 cryomodules; doubling of the 2 K cryogenics plant; and the addition of eight superconducting magnets.

Claus Rode

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Reducing 68Ge Background in Dark Matter Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental searches for dark matter include experiments with sub-0.5 keV-energy threshold high purity germanium detectors. Experimental efforts, in partnership with the CoGeNT Collaboration operating at the Soudan Underground Laboratory, are focusing on energy threshold reduction via noise abatement, reduction of backgrounds from cosmic ray generated isotopes, and ubiquitous environmental radioactive sources. The most significant cosmic ray produced radionuclide is 68Ge. This paper evaluates reducing this background by freshly mining and processing germanium ore. The most probable outcome is a reduction of the background by a factor of two, and at most a factor of four. A very cost effective alternative is to obtain processed Ge as soon as possible and store it underground for 18 months.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Orrell, John L.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The 6 GeV TMD Program at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study of the transverse momentum dependent parton distributions (TMDs) of the nucleon in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) has emerged as one of the major physics motivations driving the experimental program using the upgraded 11 GeV electron beam at Jefferson Lab’s Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF). The accelerator construction phase of the CEBAF upgrade is essentially complete and commissioning of the accelerator has begun as of April, 2014. As the new era of CEBAF operations begins, it is appropriate to review the body of published and forthcoming results on TMDs from the 6 GeV era of CEBAF operations, discuss what has been learned, and discuss the key challenges and opportunities for the 11 GeV SIDIS program of CEBAF.

Puckett, Andrew J. [University of Connecticut, JLAB

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Production and test of isotopically modified Ge detectors for GERDA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The viability of producing BEGe-type detectors from isotopically modified germanium for the GERDA experiment is demonstrated by a complete test of the supply chain. GERDA is built to search for neutrinoless double beta (0v{beta}{beta}) decay of Ge using high-purity germanium detectors made of material enriched in {sup 76}Ge. To reach a sensitivity for 0v{beta}{beta} decay of <1.4 x 10{sup 26} years, new active background suppression techniques are necessary. BEGe detectors enable a capability to efficiently identify and reject background events, while keeping large acceptance of 0v{beta}{beta} decay signal, by using novel pulse shape discrimination (PSD) techniques. The PSD as well as spectroscopic performance of prototype BEGe detectors from isotopically modified Ge was verified by comprehensive testing. (authors)

Budjas, D. [Physik-Dept. E15, Technishe Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Strasse 1, Garching bei Muenchen, D-85748 (Germany)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Lighting affects appearance LightSource emits photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Lighting affects appearance #12;2 LightSource emits photons Photons travel in a straight line). And then some reach the eye/camera. #12;3 Basic fact: Light is linear Double intensity of sources, double photons reaching eye. Turn on two lights, and photons reaching eye are same as sum of number when each

Jacobs, David

317

ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems -Incandescent lightings rise and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

versus cost - Power Electronic Drives for CFL and LED light sources to achieve dimmable operation - Basic electric AC and DC circuits at Sophomore level or equivalents Absolutes Lighting System Requirements index as a metric of a light source - Power Electronic Energy sources driving light sources in a compact

Schumacher, Russ

318

Lighting and Surfaces 11.1 Introduction to Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-object-at-a-time. "Intrinsic" light is the light emitted by the object itself, such as the glow from a TV screen, a light-emitting diode, or a star. "Ambient" light is an illumination that seems to come from all sides. In the real

Boyd, John P.

319

Sandia National Laboratories: White Light Creation Architectures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TechnologiesWhite Light Creation Architectures White Light Creation Architectures Overview of SSL White Light Creation Architectures The entire spectral range of visible light can...

320

Light-Ion-Induced Multifragmentation: The ISiS Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An extensive study of GeV light-ion-induced multifragmentation and its possible interpretation in terms of a nuclear liquid-gas phase transition has been performed with the Indiana Silicon Sphere (ISiS)4 pi detector array. Measurements were performed with 5-15 GeV/c p, pbar, and pion beams incident on $^{197}$Au and 2-5 GeV $^3$He incident on $^{nat}$Ag and $^{197}$Au targets. Both the reaction dynamics and the subsequent decay of the heavy residues have been explored. The data provide evidence for a dramatic change in the reaction observables near an excitation energy of E*/A = 4-5 MeV per residue nucleon. In this region, fragment multiplicities and energy spectra indicate emission from an expanded/dilute source on a very short time scale (20-50 fm/c). These properties, along with caloric curve and scaling-law behavior, yield a pattern that is consistent with a nuclear liquid-gas phase transition.

V. E. Viola

2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Solar neutrino physics: Sensitivity to light dark matter particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrinos are produced in several neutrino nuclear reactions of the proton-proton chain and carbon-nitrogen-oxygen cycle that take place at different radius of the Sun's core. Hence, measurements of solar neutrino fluxes provide a precise determination of the local temperature. The accumulation of non-annihilating light dark matter particles (with masses between 5 GeV and 16 GeV in the Sun produces a change in the local solar structure, namely, a decrease in the central temperature of a few percent. This variation depends on the properties of the dark matter particles, such as the mass of the particle and its spin-independent scattering cross-section on baryon-nuclei, specifically, the scattering with helium, oxygen, and nitrogen among other heavy elements. This temperature effect can be measured in almost all solar neutrino fluxes. In particular, by comparing the neutrino fluxes generated by stellar models with current observations, namely 8B neutrino fluxes, we find that non-annihilating dark matter particles with a mass smaller than 10 GeV and a spin-independent scattering cross-section with heavy baryon-nuclei larger than 3 x 10^{-37} cm^-2 produce a variation in the 8B neutrino fluxes that would be in conflict with current measurements.

Ilidio Lopes; Joseph Silk

2013-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

322

Pupillary efficient lighting system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A lighting system having at least two independent lighting subsystems each with a different ratio of scotopic illumination to photopic illumination. The radiant energy in the visible region of the spectrum of the lighting subsystems can be adjusted relative to each other so that the total scotopic illumination of the combined system and the total photopic illumination of the combined system can be varied independently. The dilation or contraction of the pupil of an eye is controlled by the level of scotopic illumination and because the scotopic and photopic illumination can be separately controlled, the system allows the pupil size to be varied independently of the level of photopic illumination. Hence, the vision process can be improved for a given level of photopic illumination.

Berman, Samuel M. (San Francisco, CA); Jewett, Don L. (Mill Valley, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Light harvesting arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A light harvesting array useful for the manufacture of devices such as solar cells comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2, and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Light emitting ceramic device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A light-emitting ceramic based panel, hereafter termed "electroceramescent" panel, is herein claimed. The electroceramescent panel is formed on a substrate providing mechanical support as well as serving as the base electrode for the device. One or more semiconductive ceramic layers directly overlay the substrate, and electrical conductivity and ionic diffusion are controlled. Light emitting regions overlay the semiconductive ceramic layers, and said regions consist sequentially of a layer of a ceramic insulation layer and an electroluminescent layer, comprised of doped phosphors or the equivalent. One or more conductive top electrode layers having optically transmissive areas overlay the light emitting regions, and a multi-layered top barrier cover comprising one or more optically transmissive non-combustible insulation layers overlay said top electrode regions.

Valentine, Paul; Edwards, Doreen D.; Walker, Jr., William John; Slack, Lyle H.; Brown, Wayne Douglas; Osborne, Cathy; Norton, Michael; Begley, Richard

2010-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

325

DAINTREE NETWORKS PARTNERS WITH CLTC TO ADVANCE LIGHTING CONTROLS UC Davis' California Lighting Technology Center (CLTC) and Daintree team up to increase adoption with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- more - DAINTREE NETWORKS PARTNERS WITH CLTC TO ADVANCE LIGHTING CONTROLS UC Davis' California affiliate partnership with UC Davis' California Lighting Technology Center (CLTC) with the goal of advancing wireless smart building solutions for enterprise control and energy management, today announced its

California at Davis, University of

326

Broadband visible light source based on AllnGaN light emitting diodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A visible light source device is described based on a light emitting diode and a nanocluster-based film. The light emitting diode utilizes a semiconductor quantum well structure between n-type and p-type semiconductor materials on the top surface a substrate such as sapphire. The nanocluster-based film is deposited on the bottom surface of the substrate and can be derived from a solution of MoS.sub.2, MoSe.sub.2, WS.sub.2, and WSe.sub.2 particles of size greater than approximately 2 nm in diameter and less than approximately 15 nm in diameter, having an absorption wavelength greater than approximately 300 nm and less than approximately 650 nm.

Crawford, Mary H.; Nelson, Jeffrey S.

2003-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

327

Radioluminescent lighting technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The glow-in-the-dark stereotype that characterizes the popular image of nuclear materials is not accidental. When the French scientist, Henri Becquerel, first discovered radioactivity in 1896, he was interested in luminescence. Radioluminescence, the production of light from a mixture of energetic and passive materials, is probably the oldest practical application of the unstable nucleus. Tritium-based radioluminescent lighting, in spite of the biologically favorable character of the gaseous tritium isotope, was included in the general tightening of environmental and safety regulations. Tritium light manufacturers would have to meet two fundamental conditions: (1) The benefit clearly outweighed the risk, to the extent that even the perceived risk of a skeptical public would be overcome. (2) The need was significant enough that the customer/user would be willing and able to afford the cost of regulation that was imposed both in the manufacture, use and eventual disposal of nuclear materials. In 1981, researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory were investigating larger radioluminescent applications using byproduct nuclear material such as krypton-85, as well as tritium. By 1982, it appeared that large source, (100 Curies or more) tritium gas tube, lights might be useful for marking runways and drop zones for military operations and perhaps even special civilian aviation applications. The successful development of this idea depended on making the light bright enough and demonstrating that large gas tube sources could be used and maintained safely in the environment. This successful DOE program is now in the process of being completed and closed-out. Working closely with the tritium light industry, State governments and other Federal agencies, the basic program goals have been achieved. This is a detailed report of what they have learned, proven, and discovered. 91 refs., 29 figs., 5 tabs. (JF)

Not Available

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

SU4 light stop signature analysis at ATLAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A possibility to observe light stop signal above the Standard Model background was analysed for SU4 low mass SUSY model. With a production cross section of 270 pb, SU4 seems to be a promising target for SUSY searches with early ATLAS data. In order to extract a light stop signal from the decay g-tilde {yields} t-tilde{sub 1}t {yields} {chi}-tilde{sub 1}{sup {+-}}tb the final state tb invariant mass distribution was reconstructed. A kinematic endpoint was observed at a position close to the expected value for this decay chain which is 300 GeV. By establishing proper event selection criteria SM backgrounds can be suppressed to the level S/B > 4 with only 200 pb-1 of data. The analysis was performed on fully simulated ATLAS data.

Krstic, Jelena; Milosavljevic, Marija; Popovic, Dragan [Institute of Physics, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

329

Towards the Light Front Variables for High Energy Production Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scale invariant presentation of inclusive spectra in terms of light front variables is proposed. The variables introduced go over to the well-known scaling variables x_F = 2p_z/sqrt(s) and x_T=2p_T/sqrt{s} in the high p_z and high p_T limits respectively. So Some surface is found in the phase space of produced pi-mesons in the inclusive reaction anti p p -> pi+- X at 22.4 GeV/c, which separates two groups of particles with significantly different characteristics. In one of these regions a naive statistical model seems to be in a good agreement with data, whereas it fails in the second region. Key words: Light front, inclusive, hadron-hadron, electron-positron, relativistic heavy ions, deep inelastic.

N. S. Amaglobeli; S. M. Esakia; V. R. Garsevanishvili; G. O. Kuratashvili; N. K. Kutsidi; R. A. Kvatadze; Yu V. Tevzadze; T. P. Topuria

1997-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

330

Dark Sectors and New, Light, Weakly-Coupled Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dark sectors, consisting of new, light, weakly-coupled particles that do not interact with the known strong, weak, or electromagnetic forces, are a particularly compelling possibility for new physics. Nature may contain numerous dark sectors, each with their own beautiful structure, distinct particles, and forces. This review summarizes the physics motivation for dark sectors and the exciting opportunities for experimental exploration. It is the summary of the Intensity Frontier subgroup "New, Light, Weakly-coupled Particles" of the Community Summer Study 2013 (Snowmass). We discuss axions, which solve the strong CP problem and are an excellent dark matter candidate, and their generalization to axion-like particles. We also review dark photons and other dark-sector particles, including sub-GeV dark matter, which are theoretically natural, provide for dark matter candidates or new dark matter interactions, and could resolve outstanding puzzles in particle and astro-particle physics. In many cases, the explorat...

Essig, R; Wester, W; Adrian, P Hansson; Andreas, S; Averett, T; Baker, O; Batell, B; Battaglieri, M; Beacham, J; Beranek, T; Bjorken, J D; Bossi, F; Boyce, J R; Cates, G D; Celentano, A; Chou, A S; Cowan, R; Curciarello, F; Davoudiasl, H; deNiverville, P; De Vita, R; Denig, A; Dharmapalan, R; Dongwi, B; Döbrich, B; Echenard, B; Espriu, D; Fegan, S; Fisher, P; Franklin, G B; Gasparian, A; Gershtein, Y; Graham, M; Graham, P W; Haas, A; Hatzikoutelis, A; Holtrop, M; Irastorza, I; Izaguirre, E; Jaeckel, J; Kahn, Y; Kalantarians, N; Kohl, M; Krnjaic, G; Kubarovsky, V; Lee, H-S; Lindner, A; Lobanov, A; Marciano, W J; Marsh, D J E; Maruyama, T; McKeen, D; Merkel, H; Moffeit, K; Monaghan, P; Mueller, G; Nelson, T K; Neil, G R; Oriunno, M; Pavlovic, Z; Phillips, S K; Pivovaroff, M J; Poltis, R; Pospelov, M; Rajendran, S; Redondo, J; Ringwald, A; Ritz, A; Ruz, J; Saenboonruang, K; Schuster, P; Shinn, M; Slatyer, T R; Steffen, J H; Stepanyan, S; Tanner, D B; Thaler, J; Tobar, M E; Toro, N; Upadye, A; Van de Water, R; Vlahovic, B; Vogel, J K; Walker, D; Weltman, A; Wojtsekhowski, B; Zhang, S; Zioutas, K

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

The Development of the Linac Coherent Light Source RF Gun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) is the first x-ray laser user facility based upon a free electron laser (FEL). In addition to many other stringent requirements, the LCLS XFEL requires extraordinary beam quality to saturate at 1.5 angstroms within a 100 meter undulator.[1] This new light source is using the last kilometer of the three kilometer linac at SLAC to accelerate the beam to an energy as high as 13.6 GeV and required a new electron gun and injector to produce a very bright beam for acceleration. At the outset of the project it was recognized that existing RF guns had the potential to produce the desired beam but none had demonstrated it. This paper describes the analysis and design improvements of the BNL/SLAC/UCLA s-band gun leading to achievement of the LCLS performance goals.

Dowell, David H; Lewandowski, James; Limborg-Deprey, Cecile; Li, Zenghai; Schmerge, John; Vlieks, Arnold; Wang, Juwen; Xiao, Liling

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Towards the Light Front Variables for High Energy Production Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scale invariant presentation of inclusive spectra in terms of light front variables is proposed. The variables introduced go over to the well-known scaling variables x_F = 2p_z/sqrt(s) and x_T=2p_T/sqrt{s} in the high p_z and high p_T limits respectively. So Some surface is found in the phase space of produced pi-mesons in the inclusive reaction anti p p -> pi+- X at 22.4 GeV/c, which separates two groups of particles with significantly different characteristics. In one of these regions a naive statistical model seems to be in a good agreement with data, whereas it fails in the second region. Key words: Light front, inclusive, hadron-hadron, electron-positron, relativistic heavy ions, deep inelastic.

Amaglobeli, N S; Garsevanishvili, V R; Kuratashvili, G O; Kutsidi, N K; Kvatadze, R A; Tevzadze, Yu V; Topuria, T P; Tevzadze, Yu V.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

(Sr,Ba)(Si,Ge){sub 2} for thin-film solar-cell applications: First-principles study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to meet the increasing demand for electric power generation from solar energy conversion, the development of efficient light absorber materials has been awaited. To this end, the electronic and optical properties of advanced alkaline-earth-metals disilicides and digermanides (SrSi{sub 2}, BaSi{sub 2}, SrGe{sub 2}, and BaGe{sub 2}) are studied by means of the density functional theory using HSE06 exchange-correlation energy functional. Our calculations show that all these orthorhombic structured compounds have fundamental indirect band gaps in the range E{sub g} ? 0.89–1.25 eV, which is suitable for solar cell applications. The estimated lattice parameters and band gaps are in good agreement with experiments. Our calculations show that the electronic band structures of all four compounds are very similar except in the vicinity of the ?-point. The valence band of these compounds is made up by Si(Ge)-p states, whereas the conduction band is composed of Sr(Ba)-d states. Their band alignments are carefully determined by estimating the work function of each compound using slab model. The optical properties are discussed in terms of the complex dielectric function ?(?)?=??{sub 1}(?)?+?i?{sub 2}(?). The static and high-frequency dielectric constants are calculated, taking into account the ionic contribution. The absorption coefficient ?(?) demonstrates that a low energy dispersion of the conduction band, which results in a flat conduction band minimum, leads to large optical activity in these compounds. Therefore, alkaline-earth-metals disilicides and digermanides possess great potential as light absorbers for applications in thin-film solar cell technologies.

Kumar, Mukesh, E-mail: Kumar.Mukesh@nims.go.jp, E-mail: mkgarg79@gmail.com [Environmental Remediation Materials Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Umezawa, Naoto [Environmental Remediation Materials Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), 4-1-8 Honcho Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); TU-NIMS Joint Research Center, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, 92 Weijin Road, Nankai District, Tianjin (China); Imai, Motoharu [Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

334

MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS (Reference: Sub-Chapter 4, Section 130.1) #12;SECTION 4 MANDATORY LIGHTING CONTROLS 1. 130.1 (a) Area Controls: Manual controls that control lighting in each area separately 2. 130.1 (b) Multi-level Controls: Allow occupants to choose the appropriate light level for each

California at Davis, University of

335

MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS (Reference: Sub-Chapter 4, Section 130.1) #12;SECTION 3 MANDATORY LIGHTING CONTROLS 1. 130.1 (a) Area Controls: Manual controls that control lighting in each area separately 2. 130.1 (b) Multi-level Controls: "Dimmability." Allow occupants to choose the appropriate light

California at Davis, University of

336

LIGHTING 101 1. Common terminology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SECTION 3 LIGHTING 101 1. Common terminology 2. Sources & luminaires 3. Controls #12;SECTION 3SECTION 3 DISCUSSION: COMMON LIGHTING TERMINOLOGY 1. What are the definitions of the following lighting terms? 2. Do you use these terms in professional practice? 3. What other lighting terminology do you use

California at Davis, University of

337

MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS (Reference: Sub-Chapter 4, Section 130.1) #12;SECTION 5 MANDATORY LIGHTING CONTROLS 1. Area Controls: Manual controls that control lighting in each area separately 2. Multi-level Controls: Allow occupants to choose the appropriate light level for each area 3. Shut

California at Davis, University of

338

LIGHTING 101 1. Common terminology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIGHTING 101 1. Common terminology 2. Sources and luminaires 3. Controls #12;SECTION 2 DISCUSSION: COMMON LIGHTING TERMINOLOGY 1. What are the definitions of the following lighting terms? 2. Do you use these terms in professional practice? 3. What other lighting terminology do you use on the job? SLIDE 14

California at Davis, University of

339

Extreme Ultraviolet Light Chris Cosio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prospectus Extreme Ultraviolet Light Chris Cosio #12;The field of extreme ultraviolet light (XUV to the way XUV interacts with object, XUV properties are difficult to observe. Extreme ultraviolet light is absorbed by all objects it comes in contact with. Furthermore, extreme ultraviolet light also has low

Hart, Gus

340

Higgs Discovery in the Presence of Light CP-Odd Scalars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many models of electroweak symmetry breaking have an additional light pseudoscalar. If the Higgs boson can decay to a new pseudoscalar, LEP searches for the Higgs can be significantly altered and the Higgs can be as light as 86 GeV. Discovering the Higgs boson in these models is challenging when the pseudoscalar is lighter than 10 GeV because it decays dominantly into tau leptons. In this paper, we discuss discovering the Higgs in a subdominant decay mode where one of the pseudoscalars decays to a pair of muons. This search allows for potential discovery of a cascade-decaying Higgs boson with the complete Tevatron data set or early data at the LHC.

Lisanti, Mariangela; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2009-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Variable-gap selective photocells based on Ga/sub 1-x/Al/sub x/As:Ge:Te p-n structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Doping of Ga/sub 1-x/Al/sub x/As solid solutions with Ge and Te increased the steepness of the fundamental absorption edge and this reduced the width of the quantum photosensitivity spectra of variable-gap selective p-n junction photocells made by depositing epitaxial films of these solid solutions on n-type GaAs substrates. The current-voltage and load characteristics of the photocells were detemined. The efficiency of conversion of the optical into electrical energy was 0.42--0.43 for the photocells with wider photosensitivity spectra and 0.3 for those with the narrowest spectra.

Bessolov, V.N.; Danilova, T.N.; Imenkov, A.N.; Tsarenkov, B.V.; Yakovlev, Y.P.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Windows and lighting program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

More than 30% of all energy use in buildings is attributable to two sources: windows and lighting. Together they account for annual consumer energy expenditures of more than $50 billion. Each affects not only energy use by other major building systems, but also comfort and productivity -- factors that influence building economics far more than does direct energy consumption alone. Windows play a unique role in the building envelope, physically separating the conditioned space from the world outside without sacrificing vital visual contact. Throughout the indoor environment, lighting systems facilitate a variety of tasks associated with a wide range of visual requirements while defining the luminous qualities of the indoor environment. Windows and lighting are thus essential components of any comprehensive building science program. Despite important achievements in reducing building energy consumption over the past decade, significant additional savings are still possible. These will come from two complementary strategies: (1) improve building designs so that they effectively apply existing technologies and extend the market penetration of these technologies; and (2) develop advanced technologies that increase the savings potential of each application. Both the Windows and Daylighting Group and the Lighting System Research Group have made substantial contributions in each of these areas, and continue to do so through the ongoing research summarized here. 23 refs., 16 figs.

Not Available

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Radioluminescent polymer lights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The preparation of radioluminescent light sources where the tritium is located on the aryl-ring in a polymer has been demonstrated with deuterium/tritium substitution. This report discusses tests, results, and future applications of radioluminescent polymers. 10 refs. (FI)

Jensen, G.A.; Nelson, D.A.; Molton, P.M.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Sweetness and light   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Sweetness and Light. A novel. Judi lives in a nice, clean house with her seventeen year old stepson, who won’t talk to her in anything but monosyllables. His father, Nelson, and she are struggling to relate to each ...

Craig, Katie

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

345

Optical Tractor Beam with Chiral Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest a novel mechanism to induce the motion of a chiral material body towards an optical source. Our solution is based on the interference between a chiral light beam and its reflection on an opaque mirror. Surprisingly, it is theoretically shown that the electromagnetic response of the material may be tailored in such a way that independent of the specific body location with the respect to the mirror, it is always pushed upstream against the photon flow associated with the incoming wave. Moreover, it is proven that by controlling the handedness of the incoming light it may be possible to harness the sign of the optical force, switching from a pulling force to a pushing force.

Fernandes, David E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Demand Response Performance of GE Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a project to evaluate and document the DR performance of HPWH as compared to ERWH for two primary types of DR events: peak curtailments and balancing reserves. The experiments were conducted with GE second-generation “Brillion”-enabled GeoSpring hybrid water heaters in the PNNL Lab Homes, with one GE GeoSpring water heater operating in “Standard” electric resistance mode to represent the baseline and one GE GeoSpring water heater operating in “Heat Pump” mode to provide the comparison to heat pump-only demand response. It is expected that “Hybrid” DR performance, which would engage both the heat pump and electric elements, could be interpolated from these two experimental extremes. Signals were sent simultaneously to the two water heaters in the side-by-side PNNL Lab Homes under highly controlled, simulated occupancy conditions. This report presents the results of the evaluation, which documents the demand-response capability of the GE GeoSpring HPWH for peak load reduction and regulation services. The sections describe the experimental protocol and test apparatus used to collect data, present the baselining procedure, discuss the results of the simulated DR events for the HPWH and ERWH, and synthesize key conclusions based on the collected data.

Widder, Sarah H.; Parker, Graham B.; Petersen, Joseph M.; Baechler, Michael C.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

SiGeCSi superlattice microcoolers Xiaofeng Fan,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stabilization of microelectronic and optoelectronic devices. SiGeC can be lattice matched to Si and optoelectronic devices, but their pro- cessing is a bulk technology and is incompatible with inte- grated circuit fabrication process. Solid-state coolers mono- lithically integrated with microelectronic and optoelectronic

348

Structural Changes in Vitreous GeSe4 under Pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-energy X-ray diffraction experiments have been performed on GeSe{sub 4} glass up to pressures of 8.6 GPa, and the equation of state has been measured up to 10 GPa. The X-ray structure factors reveal a decrease in the first sharp diffraction peak intensity and broadening with pressure, which signifies a break-up of the intermediate range order in the glass. In contrast, the principal peak in the structure factor shows an increase in intensity and a sharpening with pressure, which is attributed to an increase in extended range order and coherence of the compacted units. The average nearest neighbor coordination number is found to remain constant in GeSe{sub 4} glass (within experimental error) over the pressure range measured. This is in contrast with the gradual increase found in GeSe{sub 2} glass. Rather, in GeSe{sub 4} glass the densification mechanism is shown to be associated with large inward shifts of the second neighbor and higher coordination shells. These features appear as additional correlations at 3.3 and 5.3 {angstrom} in the differences taken between adjacent pair distribution functions with increasing pressure.

Skinner L. B.; Parise J.; Benmore, C.J,; Antao, S.; Soignard, E.; Amin, S.A.; Bychkov, E.; Rissi, E. and Yarger, J.L.

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

349

7-GeV Advanced Photon Source Conceptual Design Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past decade, synchrotron radiation emitted by circulating electron beams has come into wide use as a powerful, versatile source of x-rays for probing the structure of matter and for studying various physical processes. Several synchrotron radiation facilities with different designs and characteristics are now in regular operation throughout the world, with recent additions in this country being the 0.8-GeV and 2.5-GeV rings of NSLS at Brookhaven National Laboratory. However, none of the operating facilities has been designed to use a low-emittance, high-energy stored beam, together with modern undulator devices, to produce a large number of hard x-ray beams of extremely high brilliance. This document is a proposal to the Department of Energy to construct and operate high-energy synchrotron radiation facility at Argonne National Laboratory. We have now chosen to set the design energy of this facility at 7.0 GeV, with the capability to operate at up to 7.5 GeV.

Not Available

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Nucleon Form Factors experiments with 12 GeV CEBAF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of precision form factor experiments at high momentum transfer will be performed with the 11 GeV electron beam of CEBAF. We review the approved proposals and the conceptual schemes of several new suggestions. Form factor data will serve as a major input for the construction of a tomographic image of the nucleon.

Wojtsekhowski, Bogdan

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

The JLAB 12 GeV Energy Upgrade of CEBAF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation should describe the progress of the 12GeV Upgrade of CEBAF at Jefferson Lab. The status of the upgrade should be presented as well as details on the construction, procurement, installation and commissioning of the magnet and SRF components of the upgrade.

Harwood, Leigh H. [JLAB

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Demonstration of 2nd Generation Ducted GE "Brillion" Hybrid Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sharing partners. #12;Project Synopsis Evaluate the performance and demand response (DR) of the Gen II GE/frequency response) in the PNW and nationwide (Lu et al, 2011; Diao et al 2012) The demand response characteristics Participants Project Sponsors: DOE Building America Program/Bonneville Power Administration Contractor: PNNL

353

Strategic Biomass Solutions (Mississippi)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Strategic Biomass Solutions (SBS) was formed by the Mississippi Technology Alliance in June 2009. The purpose of the SBS is to provide assistance to existing and potential companies, investors...

354

Solution to Quiz 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 5, 2013 ... over the next four years: Cash Flow at End of Year Amount of Cash Flow. 1. 1 Million. 2 ... project is 8%. Calculate X . Solution: By definition, the ...

jeffb_000

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

355

Solutions of Penrose's Equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The computational use of Killing potentials which satisfy Penrose's equation is discussed. Penrose's equation is presented as a conformal Killing-Yano equation and the class of possible solutions is analyzed. It is shown that solutions exist in spacetimes of Petrov type O, D or N. In the particular case of the Kerr background, it is shown that there can be no Killing potential for the axial Killing vector.

E. N. Glass; Jonathan Kress

1998-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

356

User-guided White Balance for Mixed Lighting Conditions Ivaylo Boyadzhiev  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(daylight + neon un- der the cabinets + low-energy bulbs on ceiling) ex- hibits unsightly color casts a solution to the ill-posed mixed light white balance problem, based on user guidance. Users scribble

Bala, Kavita

357

Transport Theory for Light Propagation in Tissues* Arnold D. Kim  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Stanford University, USA ABSTRACT We review the basic theory for the radiative transport equation governing of a uniform scattering and absorbing medium. 1. INTRODUCTION The radiative transport equation governs light which all other solutions can be computed. This theory for the radiative transport equation is well

Kim, Arnold D.

358

Comparison of light scattering models for diffuse optical tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

different models for light propagation in tissues: (1) the radiative transport equation, (2) the delta of the radiative transport equation that take into account forward-peaked scattering analytically. Using simulated data from the numerical solution of radiative transport equation, we solve the inverse problem

Kim, Arnold D.

359

Why is there lighting in Title 24? 1. Brief history  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OTHER CRITICAL LEGISLATION LEGISLATION DESCRIPTION Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32, 2006) Reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. Huffman Bill (AB 1109, 2007) Reduce lighting energy consumption by more than 50% from 2007 residential levels and 25% from 2007 commercial levels by 2018

California at Davis, University of

360

Hierarchical Lighting Simulation for Outdoor Scenes Katja Daubert, Hartmut Schirmacher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy exchanges in outdoor scenes for the first time, including terrain and botanical models as well algorithms, which permit efficient and elegant solutions. In particular,we show that complex geometry can algorithms for outdoor scenes suffer from the sheer geometric and lighting complexity of such environments

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Scattering of light nuclei S. Quaglioni1,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nuclear reactions. Indeed, low-energy fusion reactions represent the primary energy-generation mech- anism in the ab initio calculation of low-energy scattering of light nuclei. 1.1 Overview of reaction approaches physics. Above all nuclear scattering and reactions, which require the solution of the many-body quantum

Roth, Robert

362

Nonperturbative calculations in light-front QED  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The methods of light-front quantization and Pauli-Villars regularization are applied to a nonperturbative calculation of the dressed-electron state in quantum electrodynamics. This is intended as a test of the methods in a gauge theory, as a precursor to possible methods for the nonperturbative solution of quantum chromodynamics. The electron state is truncated to include at most two photons and no positrons in the Fock basis, and the wave functions of the dressed state are used to compute the electrons's anomalous magnetic moment. A choice of regularization that preserves the chiral symmetry of the massless limit is critical for the success of the calculation.

Chabysheva, Sophia S. [Department of Physics, University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, Minnesota 55812 (United States)

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

363

Solar Electric Light Fund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa, Mallorca:upGuidebookSolSolution JumpJumpLight

364

Anomalous Light Absorption by Small Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new type of resonant light absorption by a small particle (nanocluster) is reported. The problem cannot be described within the commonly used dipole scattering approximation and should be studied with methods based upon the exact Mie solution. It is shown that the absorption cross-section has giant maxima realized at small values of the imaginary part of the complex dielectric permittivity of the particle. The maxima are situated in the vicinity of the plasmon (polariton) resonances and correspond to the regions where the dissipative damping equals the radiative one. The case is similar to the recently introduced anomalous scattering [PRL vol. 97, 263902 (2006)] and exhibits similar peculiarities.

Michael I. Tribelsky

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

365

Near-Infrared Photoluminescence Enhancement in Ge/CdS and Ge/ZnS Core/Shell Nanocrystals: Utilizing IV/II-VI Semiconductor Epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ge nanocrystals have a large Bohr radius and a small, size-tunable band gap that may engender direct character via strain or doping. Colloidal Ge nanocrystals are particularly interesting in the development of near-infrared materials for applications in bioimaging, telecommunications and energy conversion. Epitaxial growth of a passivating shell is a common strategy employed in the synthesis of highly luminescent II–VI, III–V and IV–VI semiconductor quantum dots. Here, we use relatively unexplored IV/II–VI epitaxy as a way to enhance the photoluminescence and improve the optical stability of colloidal Ge nanocrystals. Selected on the basis of their relatively small lattice mismatch compared with crystalline Ge, we explore the growth of epitaxial CdS and ZnS shells using the successive ion layer adsorption and reaction method. Powder X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy techniques, including energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and selected area electron diffraction, clearly show the controllable growth of as many as 20 epitaxial monolayers of CdS atop Ge cores. In contrast, Ge etching and/or replacement by ZnS result in relatively small Ge/ZnS nanocrystals. The presence of an epitaxial II–VI shell greatly enhances the near-infrared photoluminescence and improves the photoluminescence stability of Ge. Ge/II–VI nanocrystals are reproducibly 1–3 orders of magnitude brighter than the brightest Ge cores. Ge/4.9CdS core/shells show the highest photoluminescence quantum yield and longest radiative recombination lifetime. Thiol ligand exchange easily results in near-infrared active, water-soluble Ge/II–VI nanocrystals. We expect this synthetic IV/II–VI epitaxial approach will lead to further studies into the optoelectronic behavior and practical applications of Si and Ge-based nanomaterials.

Guo, Yijun [Ames Laboratory; Rowland, Clare E [Argonne National Laboratory; Schaller, Richard D [Argonne National Laboratory; Vela, Javier [Ames Laboratory

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

366

Large inherent optical gain from the direct gap transition of Ge thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent demonstration of Ge-on-Si diode lasers renews the interest in the unique carrier dynamics of Ge involving both direct (?) and indirect (L) valleys. Here, we report a large inherent direct gap optical gain ...

Wang, Xiaoxin

367

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous ge-sb-te films Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

times in GeSbTe films irradiated... commercial phase-change optical recording systems, such as those based on GeSbTe Ref. 3 or AglnSbTe,4 use... the crystalline and...

368

Epitaxial Ge/Il-V Heterostructures : MOCVD growth, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Epitaxial Ge thin films are being investigated for many important roles in next generation microelectronics. Metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) utilizing Ge channels have demonstrated dramatic ...

Bai, Yu, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

$J/?$, $?(2S)$ Production in pp Collisions at E=510 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This brief report is an extension of studies of $J/\\Psi,\\Psi(2S)$ production in pp collisions at the BNL with E=$\\sqrt{s}$=200 GeV to E=510 GeV at PHENIX.

Leonard S. Kisslinger; Debasish Das

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

370

EA-0389: Proposed 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, Illinois  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for construction and operation of a 6- to 7-GeV synchrotron radiation source known as the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source at DOE's Argonne...

371

Commercialization potential of compositionally graded Ge - Si??x?Gex? - Si substrates for solar applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This project considers the potential of Ge - Si??x?Gex? - Si substrates for solar applications. The use of compositionally graded substrates to achieve heterointegration across different materials platforms such as Si, Ge ...

Goh, Johnathan Jian Ming

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

QCD and Light-Front Holography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The soft-wall AdS/QCD model, modified by a positive-sign dilaton metric, leads to a remarkable one-parameter description of nonperturbative hadron dynamics. The model predicts a zero-mass pion for zero-mass quarks and a Regge spectrum of linear trajectories with the same slope in the leading orbital angular momentum L of hadrons and the radial quantum number N. Light-Front Holography maps the amplitudes which are functions of the fifth dimension variable z of anti-de Sitter space to a corresponding hadron theory quantized on the light front. The resulting Lorentz-invariant relativistic light-front wave equations are functions of an invariant impact variable {zeta} which measures the separation of the quark and gluonic constituents within the hadron at equal light-front time. The result is to a semi-classical frame-independent first approximation to the spectra and light-front wavefunctions of meson and baryon light-quark bound states, which in turn predict the behavior of the pion and nucleon form factors. The theory implements chiral symmetry in a novel way: the effects of chiral symmetry breaking increase as one goes toward large interquark separation, consistent with spectroscopic data, and the the hadron eigenstates generally have components with different orbital angular momentum; e.g., the proton eigenstate in AdS/QCD with massless quarks has L = 0 and L = 1 light-front Fock components with equal probability. The soft-wall model also predicts the form of the non-perturbative effective coupling {alpha}{sub s}{sup AdS} (Q) and its {beta}-function which agrees with the effective coupling {alpha}{sub g1} extracted from the Bjorken sum rule. The AdS/QCD model can be systematically improved by using its complete orthonormal solutions to diagonalize the full QCD light-front Hamiltonian or by applying the Lippmann-Schwinger method in order to systematically include the QCD interaction terms. A new perspective on quark and gluon condensates is also reviewed.

Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins; de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.; ,

2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

373

Directional correlation of [gamma] transitions in [sup 72]Ge following the decay of [sup 72]Ga  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Directional correlations of coincident gamma transitions in [sup 72]Ge have been measured following the [beta][sup [minus

Landulfo, E.; Saxena, R.N.; Zamboni, C.B.; Lapolli, A.L. (Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares, IPEN-Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear de Brasil, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil))

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Liquid-phase and vapor-phase dehydration of organic/water solutions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Processes for dehydrating an organic/water solution by pervaporation or vapor separation using fluorinated membranes. The processes are particularly useful for treating mixtures containing light organic components, such as ethanol, isopropanol or acetic acid.

Huang, Yu (Palo Alto, CA); Ly, Jennifer (San Jose, CA); Aldajani, Tiem (San Jose, CA); Baker, Richard W. (Palo Alto, CA)

2011-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

375

National Synchrotron Light Source 2008 Activity Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Basic Energy Sciences, the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) is a national user facility that operates two electron storage rings: X-Ray (2.8 GeV, 300 mA) and Vacuum Ultraviolet (VUV) (800 mev, 1.0A). These two rings provide intense light spanning the electromagnetic spectrum -- from very long infrared rays to ultraviolet light and super-short x-rays -- to analyze very small or highly dilute samples. The properties of this light, and the specially designed experimental stations, called beamlines, allow scientists in many diverse disciplines of research to perform experiments not possible at their own laboratories. Each year, about 2,200 scientists from more than 400 universities and companies use the NSLS for research in such diverse fields as biology, physics, chemistry, geology, medicine, and environmental and materials sciences. For example, researchers have used the NSLS to examine the minute details of computer chips, decipher the structures of viruses, probe the density of bone, determine the chemical composition of moon rocks, and reveal countless other mysteries of science. The facility has 65 operating beamlines, with 51 beamlines on the X-Ray Ring and 14 beamlines on the VUV-Infrared Ring. It runs seven days a week, 24 hours a day throughout the year, except during periods of maintenance and studies. Researchers are not charged for beam time, provided that the research results are published in open literature. Proprietary research is conducted on a full-cost-recovery basis. With close to 1,000 publications per year, the NSLS is one of the most prolific scientific facilities in the world. Among the many accolades given to its users and staff, the NSLS has won nine R&D 100 Awards for innovations ranging from a closed orbit feedback system to the first device able to focus a large spread of high-energy x-rays. In addition, a visiting NSLS researcher shared the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work explaining how one class of proteins helps to generate nerve impulses.

Nasta,K.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Nonequilibrium lighting plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper the science of a variety of devices employing nonequilibrium lighting plasmas is reviewed. The devices include the fluorescent lamp, the low-pressure sodium lamp, the neon sign, ultraviolet lamps, glow indicators, and a variety of devices used by spectroscopists, such as the hollow cathode light source. The plasma conditions in representative commercial devices are described. Recent research on the electron gas, the role of heavy particles, spatial and temporal inhomogeneities, and new electrodeless excitation schemes is reviewed. Areas of future activity are expected to be in new applications of high-frequency electronics to commercial devices, new laser-based diagnostics of plasma conditions, and more sophisticated models requiring more reliable and extensive rate coefficient data.

Dakin, J.T. (GE Lighting, Nela Park, Cleveland, OH (US))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Light cone matrix product  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show how to combine the light-cone and matrix product algorithms to simulate quantum systems far from equilibrium for long times. For the case of the XXZ spin chain at {Delta} = 0.5, we simulate to a time of {approx} 22.5. While part of the long simulation time is due to the use of the light-cone method, we also describe a modification of the infinite time-evolving bond decimation algorithm with improved numerical stability, and we describe how to incorporate symmetry into this algorithm. While statistical sampling error means that we are not yet able to make a definite statement, the behavior of the simulation at long times indicates the appearance of either 'revivals' in the order parameter as predicted by Hastings and Levitov (e-print arXiv:0806.4283) or of a distinct shoulder in the decay of the order parameter.

Hastings, Matthew B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

OLEDS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this program was to reduce the long term technical risks that were keeping the lighting industry from embracing and developing organic light-emitting diode (OLED) technology for general illumination. The specific goal was to develop OLEDs for lighting to the point where it was possible to demonstrate a large area white light panel with brightness and light quality comparable to a fluorescence source and with an efficacy comparable to that of an incandescent source. it was recognized that achieving this would require significant advances in three area: (1) the improvement of white light quality for illumination, (2) the improvement of OLED energy efficiency at high brightness, and (3) the development of cost-effective large area fabrication techniques. The program was organized such that, each year, a ''deliverable'' device would be fabricated which demonstrated progress in one or more of the three critical research areas. In the first year (2001), effort concentrated on developing an OLED capable of generating high illumination-quality white light. Ultimately, a down-conversion method where a blue OLED was coupled with various down-conversion layers was chosen. Various color and scattering models were developed to aid in material development and device optimization. The first year utilized this approach to deliver a 1 inch x 1 inch OLED with higher illumination-quality than available fluorescent sources. A picture of this device is shown and performance metrics are listed. To their knowledge, this was the first demonstration of true illumination-quality light from an OLED. During the second year, effort concentrated on developing a scalable approach to large area devices. A novel device architecture consisting of dividing the device area into smaller elements that are monolithically connected in series was developed. In the course of this development, it was realized that, in addition to being scalable, this approach made the device tolerant to the most common OLED defect--electrical shorts. This architecture enabled the fabrication of a 6 inch x 6 inch OLED deliverable for 2002. A picture of this deliverable is shown and the performance metrics are listed. At the time, this was the highest efficiency, highest lumen output illumination-quality OLED in existence. The third year effort concentrated on improving the fabrication yield of the 6 inch x 6 inch devices and improving the underlying blue device efficiency. An efficiency breakthrough was achieved through the invention of a new device structure such that now 15 lumen per watt devices could be fabricated. A 2 feet x 2 feet OLED panel consisting of sixteen 6 inch x 6 inch high efficiency devices tiled together was then fabricated. Pictures of this panel are shown with performance metrics listed. This panel met all project objectives and was the final deliverable for the project. It is now the highest efficiency, highest lumen output, illumination-quality OLED in existence.

Anil Duggal; Don Foust; Chris Heller; Bill Nealon; Larry Turner; Joe Shiang; Nick Baynes; Tim Butler; Nalin Patel

2004-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

379

Fusion pumped light source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus is provided for generating energy in the form of light radiation. A fusion reactor is provided for generating a long, or continuous, pulse of high-energy neutrons. The neutron flux is coupled directly with the lasing medium. The lasing medium includes a first component selected from Group O of the periodic table of the elements and having a high inelastic scattering cross section. Gamma radiation from the inelastic scattering reactions interacts with the first component to excite the first component, which decays by photon emission at a first output wavelength. The first output wavelength may be shifted to a second output wavelength using a second liquid component responsive to the first output wavelength. The light outputs may be converted to a coherent laser output by incorporating conventional optics adjacent the laser medium.

Pappas, Daniel S. (Los Alamos, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

High Efficiency, Illumination Quality OLEDs for Lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the program was to demonstrate a 45 lumen per watt white light device based upon the use of multiple emission colors through the use of solution processing. This performance level is a dramatic extension of the team's previous 15 LPW large area illumination device. The fundamental material system was based upon commercial polymer materials. The team was largely able to achieve these goals, and was able to deliver to DOE a 90 lumen illumination source that had an average performance of 34 LPW a 1000 cd/m{sup 2} with peak performances near 40LPW. The average color temperature is 3200K and the calculated CRI 85. The device operated at a brightness of approximately 1000cd/m{sup 2}. The use of multiple emission colors particularly red and blue, provided additional degrees of design flexibility in achieving white light, but also required the use of a multilayered structure to separate the different recombination zones and prevent interconversion of blue emission to red emission. The use of commercial materials had the advantage that improvements by the chemical manufacturers in charge transport efficiency, operating life and material purity could be rapidly incorporated without the expenditure of additional effort. The program was designed to take maximum advantage of the known characteristics of these material and proceeded in seven steps. (1) Identify the most promising materials, (2) assemble them into multi-layer structures to control excitation and transport within the OLED, (3) identify materials development needs that would optimize performance within multilayer structures, (4) build a prototype that demonstrates the potential entitlement of the novel multilayer OLED architecture (5) integrate all of the developments to find the single best materials set to implement the novel multilayer architecture, (6) further optimize the best materials set, (7) make a large area high illumination quality white OLED. A photo of the final deliverable is shown. In 2003, a large area, OLED based illumination source was demonstrated that could provide light with a quality, quantity, and efficiency on par with what can be achieved with traditional light sources. The demonstration source was made by tiling together 16 separate 6-inch x 6-inch blue-emitting OLEDs. The efficiency, total lumen output, and lifetime of the OLED based illumination source were the same as what would be achieved with an 80 watt incandescent bulb. The devices had an average efficacy of 15 LPW and used solution-processed OLEDs. The individual 6-inch x 6-inch devices incorporated three technology strategies developed specifically for OLED lighting -- downconversion for white light generation, scattering for outcoupling efficiency enhancement, and a scalable monolithic series architecture to enable large area devices. The downconversion approach consists of optically coupling a blue-emitting OLED to a set of luminescent layers. The layers are chosen to absorb the blue OLED emission and then luminescence with high efficiency at longer wavelengths. The composition and number of layers are chosen so that the unabsorbed blue emission and the longer wavelength re-emission combine to make white light. A downconversion approach has the advantage of allowing a wide variety of colors to be made from a limited set of blue emitters. In addition, one does not have to carefully tune the emission wavelength of the individual electro-luminescent species within the OLED device in order to achieve white light. The downconversion architecture used to develop the 15LPW large area light source consisted of a polymer-based blue-emitting OLED and three downconversion layers. Two of the layers utilized perylene based dyes from BASF AG of Germany with high quantum efficiency (>98%) and one of the layers consisted of inorganic phosphor particles (Y(Gd)AG:Ce) with a quantum efficiency of {approx}85%. By independently varying the optical density of the downconversion layers, the overall emission spectrum could be adjusted to maximize performance for lighting (e.g. blackbody temp

Joseph Shiang; James Cella; Kelly Chichak; Anil Duggal; Kevin Janora; Chris Heller; Gautam Parthasarathy; Jeffery Youmans; Joseph Shiang

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Coexisting Superconductivity and Magnetism in UCoGe Gregory S. Boebinger, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coexisting Superconductivity and Magnetism in UCoGe Gregory S. Boebinger, National High Magnetic focused on the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism, including UGe2, URhGe, and UCoGe. In these materials, superconductivity develops below the ferromagnetic Curie temperature TC without destroying

Weston, Ken

382

Words of Wisdom for Young Women | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

invaluable in devising solutions to problems with which others have had trouble (even aliens). For me, the challenge of the puzzle, to be able to devise elegantly simple solutions...

383

AUTOMATIC MAPPING FROM ULTRA-LIGHT UAV IMAGERY Christoph Strecha a,b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUTOMATIC MAPPING FROM ULTRA-LIGHT UAV IMAGERY Christoph Strecha a,b , Olivier Küng a,b and Pascal.kueng@pix4d.com) KEY WORDS: UAV, mapping, ortho-image, DSM, Structure and Motion ABSTRACT: This paper presents an affordable, fully automated and accurate mapping solutions based on ultra-light UAV imagery

Fua, Pascal

384

Light Propagation in Biological Tissue* Arnold D. Kima and Joseph B. Kellerb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION Light propagation in a random medium is governed by the radiative transport equation makes computing solutions to the radiative transport equation even more difficult. Kim and Keller proposed replacing the radiative transport equation by the Fokker-Planck equation for light propagation

Kim, Arnold D.

385

Finite-difference time domain method for light scattering by small ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can be employed to produce the scattering and ab- sorption characteristics of hexagonal ice particlesFinite-difference time domain method for light scattering by small ice crystals in three for the solution of light scattering by nonspherical particles has been developed for small ice crystals

Liou, K. N.

386

Turbo-Charged Lighting Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TURBO-CHARGED LIGHTING DESIGN William H. Clark II Design Engineer O'Connell Robertson & Assoc Austin/ Texas ABSTRACT The task of the lighting designer has become very complex, involving thousands of choices for fixture types and hundreds...

Clark, W. H. II

387

Precision Studies of Light Mesons at COMPASS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The COMPASS experiment at CERN's SPS investigates the structure and excitations of strongly interacting systems. Using reactions of 190 GeV/c pions with protons and nuclear targets, mediated by the strong and electromagnetic interaction, an unprecedented statistical precision has been reached allowing new insight into the properties of light mesons. For the first time the diffractively produced 3pi final state has been analyzed simultaneously in bins of invariant mass and four-momentum transfer using a large set of 88 waves up to a total angular momentum of 6. In addition to a precise determination of the properties of known resonances and including a model-indepedent analysis of the pi pi S-wave isobar, a new narrow axial-vector state coupling strongly to f0(980)pi has been found in previously unchartered territory. By selecting reactions with very small four-momentum transfer COMPASS is able to study processes involving the exchange of quasi-real photons. These provide clean access to low-energy quantities such as radiative couplings and polarizabilities of mesons, and thus constitute a test of model predictions such as chiral perturbation theory.

Bernhard Ketzer; for the COMPASS Collaboration

2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

388

Fissile solution measurement apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for determining the content of a fissile material within a solution by detecting delayed fission neutrons emitted by the fissile material after it is temporarily irradiated by a neutron source. The apparatus comprises a container holding the solution and having a portion defining a neutron source cavity centrally disposed within the container. The neutron source cavity temporarily receives the neutron source. The container has portions defining a plurality of neutron detector ports that form an annular pattern and surround the neutron source cavity. A plurality of neutron detectors count delayed fission neutrons emitted by the fissile material. Each neutron detector is located in a separate one of the neutron detector ports.

Crane, T.W.; Collinsworth, P.R.

1984-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

389

Faster than Light Quantum Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faster than light communication might be possible using the collapse of the quantum wave-function without any accompanying paradoxes.

A. Y. Shiekh

2008-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

390

Webinar: Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Video recording of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar, Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting, originally presented on November 13, 2012.

391

Photodetector with enhanced light absorption  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photodetector including a light transmissive electrically conducting layer having a textured surface with a semiconductor body thereon. This layer traps incident light thereby enhancing the absorption of light by the semiconductor body. A photodetector comprising a textured light transmissive electrically conducting layer of SnO.sub.2 and a body of hydrogenated amorphous silicon has a conversion efficiency about fifty percent greater than that of comparative cells. The invention also includes a method of fabricating the photodetector of the invention.

Kane, James (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Driving Sensing Technology in Oil & Gas | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Author Loucas Tsakalakos Lab Manager Photonics Loucas leads a team developing advanced, micronano structure enabled sub-systems, components and devices that use light for data...

393

Proton-proton Scattering Above 3 GeV/c  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A large set of data on proton-proton differential cross sections, analyzing powers and the double-polarization parameter A{sub NN} is analyzed employing the Regge formalism. We find that the data available at proton beam momenta from 3 GeV/c to 50 GeV/c exhibit features that are very well in line with the general characteristics of Regge phenomenology and can be described with a model that includes the {rho}, {omega}, f{sub 2}, and a{sub 2} trajectories and single-Pomeron exchange. Additional data, specifically for spin-dependent observables at forward angles, would be very helpful for testing and refining our Regge model.

A. Sibirtsev, J. Haidenbauer, H.-W. Hammer S. Krewald ,Ulf-G. Meissner

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Ge/Si core/multi shell heterostructure FETs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concentric heterostructured materials provide numerous design opportunities for engineering strain and interfaces, as well as tailoring energy band-edge combinations for optimal device performance. Key to the realization of such novel device concepts is the complete understanding and full control over their growth, crystal structure, and hetero-epitaxy. We report here on a new route for synthesizing Ge/Si core/multi-shell heterostructure nanowires that eliminate Au seed diffusion on the nanowire sidewalls by engineering the interface energy density difference. We show that such control over core/shell synthesis enable experimental realization of heterostructure FET devices beyond those available in the literature with enhanced transport characteristics. We provide a side-by-side comparison on the transport properties of Ge/Si core/multi-shell nanowires grown with and without Au diffusion and demonstrate heterostructure FETs with drive currents that are {approx} 2X higher than record results for p-type FETs.

Picraux, Samuel T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dayeh, Shadi A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

The 12 GeV Energy Upgrade at Jefferson Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two new cryomodules and an extensive upgrade of the bending magnets at Jefferson Lab has been recently completed in preparation for the full energy upgrade in about one year. Jefferson Laboratory has undertaken a major upgrade of its flagship facility, the CW re-circulating CEBAF linac, with the goal of doubling the linac energy to 12 GeV. I will discuss here the main scope and timeline of the upgrade and report on recent accomplishments and the present status. I will then discuss in more detail the core of the upgrade, the new additional C100 cryomodules, their production, tests and recent successful performance. I will then conclude by looking at the future plans of Jefferson Laboratory, from the commissioning and operations of the 12 GeV CEBAF to the design of the MEIC electron ion collider.

Pilat, Fulvia C.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Partners for progress in HVDC: GE and EPRI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the first solid-state HVDC system was installed at Eel River in 1971, there have been enormous strides in component capability and control algorithm sophistication. Benefits include reduction in cost and power losses, smaller size and improved system stability - all achieved with the same high reliability. These improvements have been achieved through development programs which required a commitment of considerable resources made possible because GE considers HVDC an important area of growth and because EPRI has consistently supported HVDC projects. Some developments from the GE-EPRI partnership for progress in HVDC technology are already being offered and others are in the process of commercialization. These on-going programs assure that future improvements will continue to make HVDC a more attractive alternative for meeting the utility industry's needs.

Damsky, B.L. (HVDC Projects Operation, Collingdale, PA); Ladden, J.M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

MANDATORY MEASURES OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANDATORY MEASURES OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS (Reference: Sub-Chapter 4, Section 130.2) #12;SECTION level of each multi-tier garage. · General lighting must have occupant sensing controls with at least one control step between 20% and 50% of design lighting power · No more than 500 watts of rated

California at Davis, University of

398

MANDATORY MEASURES OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANDATORY MEASURES OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS (Reference: Sub-Chapter 4, Section 130.2) #12;SECTION 5 Additions and Alterations Any alteration that increases the connected lighting load must meet all No measures required OUTDOOR LIGHTING11/20/2014 #12;SECTION 5 BACKLIGHT, UPLIGHT, AND GLARE (BUG) RATINGS

California at Davis, University of

399

MANDATORY MEASURES OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANDATORY MEASURES OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS (Reference: Sub-Chapter 4, Section 130.2) #12;SECTION performance in relation to lighting trespass, sky glow, and high angle brightness. This is necessary in order to reduce light pollution, which has a negative effect on wildlife and the surrounding environments

California at Davis, University of

400

Arnold Schwarzenegger, LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;#12;Prepared By: Lighting Research Center Andrew Bierman, Project Lead Troy, New York 12180 Managed ByArnold Schwarzenegger, Governor LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM PROJECT 3.2 ENERGY EFFICIENT LOAD- SHEDDING LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL LIGHTING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL LIGHTING CEC-CF-6R-LTG-01 (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-LTG-01 Residential Lighting (Page 1 of 6) Site Address: Enforcement Agency: Permit Number: 2008 Residential Compliance Forms August 2009 1. Kitchen Lighting Does project

402

Axial Ge/Si nanowire heterostructure tunnel FETs.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Axial Ge/Si heterostructure nanowires (NWs) allow energy band-edge engineering along the axis of the NW, which is the charge transport direction, and the realization of asymmetric devices for novel device architectures. This work reports on two significant advances in the area of heterostructure NWs and tunnel FETs: (i) the realization of 100% compositionally modulated Si/Ge axial heterostructure NWs with lengths suitable for device fabrication and (ii) the design and implementation of Schottky barrier tunnel FETs on these NWs for high-on currents and suppressed ambipolar behavior. Initial prototype devices with 10 nm PECVD SiN{sub x} gate dielectric resulted in a very high current drive in excess of 100 {micro}A/{micro}m (I/{pi}D) and 10{sup 5} I{sub on}/I{sub off} ratios. Prior work on the synthesis of Ge/Si axial NW heterostructures through the VLS mechanism have resulted in axial Si/Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x} NW heterostructures with x{sub max} {approx} 0.3, and more recently 100% composition modulation was achieved with a solid growth catalyst. In this latter case, the thickness of the heterostructure cannot exceed few atomic layers due to the slow axial growth rate and concurrent radial deposition on the NW sidewalls leading to a mixture of axial and radial deposition, which imposes a big challenge for fabricating useful devices form these NWs in the near future. Here, we report the VLS growth of 100% doping and composition modulated axial Ge/Si heterostructure NWs with lengths appropriate for device fabrication by devising a growth procedure that eliminates Au diffusion on the NW sidewalls and minimizes random kinking in the heterostructure NWs as deduced from detailed microscopy analysis. Fig. 1 a shows a cross-sectional SEM image of epitaxial Ge/Si axial NW heterostructures grown on a Ge(111) surface. The interface abruptness in these Ge/Si heterostructure NWs is of the order of the NW diameter. Some of these NWs develop a crystallographic kink that is {approx}20{sup o} off the <111> axis at about 300 nm away from the Ge/Si interface. This provides a natural marker for placing the gate contact electrodes and gate metal at appropriate location for desired high-on current and reduced ambipolarity as shown in Fig. 2. The 1D heterostructures allow band-edge engineering in the transport direction, not easily accessible in planar devices, providing an additional degree of freedom for designing tunnel FETs (TFETs). For instance, a Ge tunnel source can be used for efficient electron/hole tunneling and a Si drain can be used for reduced back-tunneling and ambipolar behavior. Interface abruptness on the other hand (particularly for doping) imposes challenges in these structures and others for realizing high performance TFETs in p-i-n junctions. Since the metal-semiconductor contacts provide a sharp interface with band-edge control, we use properly designed Schottky contacts (aided by 3D Silvaco simulations) as the tunnel barriers both at the source and drain and utilize the asymmetry in the Ge/Si channel bandgap to reduce ambipolar transport behavior generally observed in TFETs. Fig. 3 shows the room-temperature transfer curves of a Ge/Si heterostructure TFET (H-TFET) for different V{sub DS} values showing a maximum on-current of {approx}7 {micro}A, {approx}170 mV/decade inverse subthreshold slope and 5 orders of magnitude I{sub on}/I{sub off} ratios for all V{sub DS} biases considered here. This high on-current value is {approx}1750 X higher than that obtained with Si p-i-n{sup +} NW TFETs and {approx}35 X higher than that obtained with CNT TFET. The I{sub on}/I{sub off} ratio and inverse subthreshold slope compare favorably to that of Si {approx} 10{sup 3} I{sub on}/I{sub off} and {approx} 800 mV/decade SS{sup -1} but lags behind those of CNT TFET due to poor PECVD nitride gate oxide quality ({var_epsilon}{sub r} {approx} 3-4). The asymmetry in the Schottky barrier heights used here eliminates the stringent requirements of abrupt doped interfaces used in p-i-n based TFETs, which is hard to achieve both in thin-film and

Dayeh, Shadi A. (Los Alamos National Laboratory); Gin, Aaron V.; Huang, Jian Yu; Picraux, Samuel Thomas (Los Alamos National Laboratory)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Gamma-Ray Bursts Above 1 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the principal results obtained by the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory relating to the study of gamma-ray bursts was the detection by the EGRET instrument of energetic ($>$100 MeV) photons from a handful of bright bursts. The most extreme of these was the single 18 GeV photon from the GRB940217 source. Given EGRET's sensitivity and limited field of view, the detection rate implies that such high energy emission may be ubiquitous in bursts. Hence expectations that bursts emit out to at least TeV energies are quite realistic, and the associated target-of-opportunity activity of the TeV gamma-ray community is well-founded. This review summarizes the observations and a handful of theoretical models for generating GeV--TeV emission in bursts sources, outlining possible ways that future positive detections could discriminate between different scenarios. The power of observations in the GeV--TeV range to distinguish between spectral structure intrinsic to bursts and that due to the intervening medium between source and observer is also discussed.

Matthew G. Baring

1997-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

404

Exclusive processes at JLab at 6 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deeply virtual exclusive reactions provide a unique opportunity to probe the complex internal structure of the nucleon. They allow to access information about the correlations between parton transverse spatial and longitudinal momentum distributions from experimental observables. Dedicated experiments to study Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) and Deeply Virtual Meson Production (DVMP) have been carried out at Jefferson Lab using continuous electron beam with energies up to 6 GeV. Unpolarized cross sections, beam, target and double spin asymmetries have been measured for DVCS as well as for ?0 exclusive electroproduction. The data from Hall B provide a wide kinematic coverage with Q2=1-4.5 GeV2, xB=0.1-0.5, and ?t up to 2 GeV2. Hall A data have limited kinematic range partially overlapping with Hall B kinematics but provide a high accuracy measurements. Scaling tests of the DVCS cross sections provide solid evidence of twist-2 dominance, which makes chiral-even GPDs accessible even at modest Q2. We will discuss the interpretation of these data in terms of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) model. Successful description of the recent CLAS ?0 exclusive production data within the framework of the GPD-based model provides a unique opportunity to access the chiral-odd GPDs.

Kim, Andrey [University of Connecticut, JLAB

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Offshore Renewable Energy Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power ­ to meet its target of achieving 15% of energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020. CefasOffshore Renewable Energy Solutions #12;Cefas: meeting complex requirements The Centre and maximise resource input on field and lab-based studies ­ saving you time and money.Recognised expertise

406

Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This GATEWAY report discusses the problems of pedestrian lighting that occur with all technologies with a focus on the unique optical options and opportunities offered by LEDs through the findings from two pedestrian-focused projects, one at Stanford University in California, and one at the Chautauqua Institution in upstate New York. Incorporating user feedback this report reviews the tradeoffs that must be weighed among visual comfort, color, visibility, efficacy and other factors to stimulate discussion among specifiers, users, energy specialists, and in industry in hopes that new approaches, metrics, and standards can be developed to support pedestrian-focused communities, while reducing energy use.

Miller, Naomi J.; Koltai, Rita; McGowan, Terry

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

407

Advances in Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

colour rendition. The quartz-halogen incandescent lam s operate at higher temperatures, and have a somewhat higher efficacy, but they are rarely used except for special applicati ns. 3-2 High Intensity Discharge Lamps. Mercury is the grandfather... of the H.I.D. lamps. Its blue-green light, has been used almost exclusively for streetlighti and, often with colour-improving phospho it is still being used in industrial and commercial applications. Reactor-type ballasted mercury lamps can now...

Tumber, A. J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Lights, Conformational Change... Action!  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LawrenceEfeedstocksHomesLighting the

409

Lighting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climateJuno Beach,October,Lighthouse Solar Jump to:Lighting Jump

410

Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Artificial Night Lighting Catherine Rich and Travisof artificial night lighting. This book provides editedage of modern urban lighting was ushered in. Coincidentally,

Piselli, Kathy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REFERENCES Task Report to Lighting Systems Research,Berkeley Laboratory, "Lighting Control System Market1980). Task Report to Lighting Systems Research, Lawrence

Verderber, R.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 3.0 Previous Experience with Demand Responsive Lighting11 4.3. Prevalence of Lighting13 4.4. Impact of Title 24 on Lighting

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

National Association of Energy Services Companies Calculating Light Loss Factors for Solid-State Lighting Systems Chad Stalker, Philips Lumileds Lighting Intro to MSSLC's...

414

Sandia National Laboratories: Light Creation Materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TechnologiesLight Creation Materials Light Creation Materials Overview of SSL Light Creation Materials Different families of inorganic semiconductor materials can...

415

Photon echo studies of photosynthetic light harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the B800-B820 light-harvesting complex. Proc Natl Acadphotosynthetic light harvesting Elizabeth L. Read Æ Hohjaitransfer events in light harvesting. Here, we outline the

Read, Elizabeth L.; Lee, Hohjai; Fleming, Graham R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Sandia National Laboratories: Light Creation Materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EFRCOverviewLight Creation Materials Light Creation Materials Overview of SSL Light Creation Materials Different families of inorganic semiconductor materials can contribute to...

417

Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Demonstration...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Demonstration Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Demonstration Better Buildings Residential Program Solution...

418

Ultra low-resistance palladium silicide Ohmic contacts to lightly doped n-J. D. Yearsley, J. C. Lin, E. Hwang, S. Datta, and S. E. Mohney  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultra low-resistance palladium silicide Ohmic contacts to lightly doped n- InGaAs J. D. Yearsley, J at the metal-germanium interface by the formation of epitaxial nickel digermanide NiGe2 using pulsed laser resistivity of metals on nitrogen-doped cuprous oxide (Cu2O) thin-films J. Appl. Phys. 112, 084508 (2012

Yener, Aylin

419

Solution-processed infrared photovoltaic devices with >10% monochromatic internal quantum efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, solution-cast photovoltaics are of urgent interest to realize low-cost solar cells. Polymer, polymerSolution-processed infrared photovoltaic devices with >10% monochromatic internal quantum-fullerene, and polymer-nanocrystal photovoltaics absorb light only to wavelengths as long as 750 nm, with the exception

420

Neutral Pion Production in Au+Au Collisions at sqrt sNN = 200 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of mid-rapidity (0 < y < 0.8) neutral pion spectra over an extended transverse momentum range (1 < p{sub T} < 12 GeV/c) in {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV Au+Au collisions, measured by the STAR experiment, are presented. The neutral pions are reconstructed from photons measured either by the STAR Barrel Electro-Magnetic Calorimeter (BEMC) or by the Time Projection Chamber (TPC) via tracking of conversion electron-positron pairs. Our measurements are compared to previously published {pi}{sup {+-}} and {pi}{sup 0} results. The nuclear modification factors R{sub CP} and R{sub AA} of {pi}{sup 0} are also presented as a function of p{sub T}. In the most central Au+Au collisions, the binary collision scaled {pi}{sup 0} yield at high p{sub T} is suppressed by a factor of about 5 compared to the expectation from the yield of p+p collisions. Such a large suppression is in agreement with previous observations for light quark mesons and is consistent with the scenario that partons suffer considerable energy loss in the dense medium formed in central nucleus-nucleus collisions at RHIC.

STAR Collaboration; Abelev, B. I.

2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Correlation Between Optical Properties And Chemical Composition Of Sputter-deposited Germanium Cxide (GeOx) Films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Germanium oxide (GeOx) films were grown on (1 0 0) Si substrates by reactive Direct-Current (DC) magnetron sputter-deposition using an elemental Ge target. The effects of oxygen gas fraction, ? = O2/(Ar + O2), on the deposition rate, structure, chemical composition and optical properties of GeOx films have been investigated. The chemistry of the films exhibits an evolution from pure Ge to mixed Ge + GeO + GeO2 and then finally to GeO2 upon increasing ? from 0.00 to 1.00. Grazing incidence X-ray analysis indicates that the GeOx films grown were amorphous. The optical properties probed by spectroscopic ellipsometry indicate that the effect of ? is significant on the optical constants of the GeOx films. The measured index of refraction (n) at a wavelength (?) of 550 nm is 4.67 for films grown without any oxygen, indicating behavior characteristic of semiconducting Ge. The transition from germanium to mixed Ge + GeO + GeO2 composition is associated with a characteristic decrease in n (? = 550 nm) to 2.62 and occurs at ? = 0.25. Finally n drops to 1.60 for ? = 0.50–1.00, where the films become GeO2. A detailed correlation between ?, n, k and stoichiometry in DC sputtered GeOx films is presented and discussed.

Murphy, Neil R.; Grant, J. T.; Sun, L.; Jones, J. G.; Jakubiak, R.; Shutthanandan, V.; Ramana, Chintalapalle V.

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

422

Constraining Light Dark Matter with Low-Energy e+e- Colliders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the power of low-energy, high-luminosity electron--positron colliders to probe hidden sectors with a mass below ~10 GeV that couple to Standard Model particles through a light mediator. Such sectors provide well-motivated dark matter candidates, and can give rise to distinctive mono-photon signals at B-factories and similar experiments. We use data from an existing mono-photon search by BaBar to place new constraints on this class of models, and give projections for the sensitivity of a similar search at a future B-factory such as Belle II. We find that the sensitivity of such searches are more powerful than searches at other collider or fixed-target facilities for hidden-sector mediators and particles with masses between a few hundred MeV and 10 GeV. Mediators produced on-shell and decaying invisibly to hidden-sector particles such as dark matter can be probed particularly well. Sensitivity to light dark matter produced through an off-shell mediator is more limited, but may be improved with a better control of backgrounds, allowing background estimation and a search for kinematic edges. We compare our results to existing and future direct detection experiments and show that low-energy colliders provide an indispensable and complementary avenue to search for light dark matter. The implementation of a mono-photon trigger at Belle II would provide an unparalleled window into such light hidden sectors.

Rouven Essig; Jeremy Mardon; Michele Papucci; Tomer Volansky; Yi-Ming Zhong

2015-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

423

Measuring W photon couplings in a 500 GeV e sup + e sup - collider  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Standard Model gives definite predictions for the W-photon couplings. Measuring them would test an important ingredient of the model. In this work we study the capability of a 500 GeV e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} collider to measure these couplings. We study the most general C and P conserving WW{lambda} vertex. This vertex contains two free parameters, {kappa} and {lambda}. We look at three processes: e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} {yields} W{sup +}W{sup {minus}}, e{lambda} {yields} W{nu} and {lambda}{lambda} {yields} W{sup +}W{sup {minus}}. For each process we present analytical expressions of helicity amplitudes for arbitrary values of {kappa} and {lambda}. We consider three different sources for the initial photon(s). The first two are breamsstrahlung and beamstrahlung (photon radiation induced by the collective fields of the opposite bunch). Both occur naturally in the collider environment. The third is a photon beam generated by scattering low energy laser light off a high energy electron beam. We examine potential observables for each process, calculating their sensitivity to {kappa} and {lambda}, and estimating the accuracy with which they can be measured. Assuming Standard Model values are actually measured, we present the region in the {kappa}-{lambda} plane to which the W couplings can be restricted with a given confidence level. We find that combining the three processes, one can measure {kappa} and {lambda} with accuracy of 0.01--0.02.

Yehudai, E.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Energy Savings Estimates of Light Emitting Diodes in Niche Lighting...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

in Niche Lighting Applications Prepared for: Building Technologies Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Prepared by: Navigant...

425

Occupancies of individual orbits, and the nuclear matrix element of the {sup 76}Ge neutrinoless {beta}{beta} decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the variation of the nuclear matrix element (NME) for the neutrinoless double beta (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) decay of {sup 76}Ge when the wave functions are constrained to reproduce the experimental occupancies of the two nuclei involved in the transition. In the interacting shell model description the value of the NME is enhanced about 15% compared to previous calculations, whereas in the QRPA the NME's are reduced by 20%-30%. This diminishes the discrepancies between both approaches. In addition, we discuss the effect of the short-range correlations on the NME in light of the recently proposed parametrizations based on a consistent renormalization of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta} transition operator.

Menendez, J.; Poves, A. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFT-UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Caurier, E.; Nowacki, F. [IPHC, IN2P3-CNRS/Universite Louis Pasteur BP 28, F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

GeV BREAKS IN BLAZARS AS A RESULT OF GAMMA-RAY ABSORPTION WITHIN THE BROAD-LINE REGION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spectra of the brightest blazars detected by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope Large Area Telescope cannot be described by a simple power-law model. A much better description is obtained with a broken power law, with the break energies of a few GeV. We show here that the sharpness and the position of the breaks can be well reproduced by absorption of {gamma}-rays via photon-photon pair production on He II Lyman recombination continuum and lines. This implies that the blazar zone lies inside the region of the highest ionization of the broad-line region (BLR) within a light-year from a super-massive black hole. The observations of {gamma}-ray spectral breaks open a way of studying the BLR photon field in the extreme-UV/soft X-rays, which are otherwise hidden from our view.

Poutanen, Juri; Stern, Boris, E-mail: juri.poutanen@oulu.f, E-mail: boris.stern@gmail.co [Astronomy Division, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 3000, 90014 University of Oulu, Oulu (Finland)

2010-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

427

Light modulating device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a device for transmitting light, means for controlling the transmissivity of the device, including a ceramic, reversibly electrochromic, crystalline element having a highly reflective state when injected with electrons and charge compensating ions and a highly transmissive state when the electrons and ions are removed, the crystalline element being characterized as having a reflectivity of at least 50% in the reflective state and not greater than 10% in the transmissive state, and means for modulating the crystalline element between the reflective and transmissive states by injecting ions into the crystalline element in response to an applied electrical current of a first polarity and removing the ions in response to an applied electrical current of a second polarity.

Rauh, R. David (Newton, MA); Goldner, Ronald B. (Lexington, MA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Light modulating device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a device for transmitting light, means for controlling the transmissivity of the device, including a ceramic, reversibly electrochromic, crystalline element having a highly reflective state when injected with electrons and charge compensating ions and a highly transmissive state when the electrons and ions are removed, the crystalline element being characterized as having a reflectivity of at least 50% in the reflective state and not greater than 10% in the transmissive state, and means for modulating the crystalline element between the reflective and transmissive states by injecting ions into the crystalline element in response to an applied electrical current of a first polarity and removing the ions in response to an applied electrical current of a second polarity are disclosed. 1 fig.

Rauh, R.D.; Goldner, R.B.

1989-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

429

Energy and lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advances in research for new types of lighting with increased efficacies (lumens/watt) are discussed in the following areas: (1) high-frequency, solid-state ballasts, (2) isotopic enhancement of mercury isotopes, (3) magnetic augmentation, (4) electrodeless, ultra-high frequency, (5) tuned phosphors, (6) two-photon phosphors, (7) heat mirrors, and (3) advanced control circuits to take advantage of daylight and occupancy. As of 1985, improvements in efficacy have been accomplished on an economic basis to save energy for (1) high-frequency ballasts (25%), (2) isotopic enhancement (5%), and (8) advanced control circuits (up to 50%). Most of these advances depend on a deeper understanding of the weakly ionized plasma as a radiating and diffusing medium. 3 figures, 4 tables.

Berman, S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Cost effective lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-life replacement lamps for the incandescent lamp have been evaluated with regard to their cost effectiveness. The replacements include the use of energy buttons that extend lamp life as well as an adaptive fluorescent circline lamp that will fit into existing incandescent lamp sockets. The initial, operating, and replacement costs for one million lumen-hours are determined for each lamp system. We find the most important lighting cost component is the operating cost. Using lamps that are less efficient or devices that cause lamps to operate less efficiently are not cost-effective. The adaptive fluorescent circline lamp, even at an initial cost of $15.00, is the most cost effective source of illumination compared to the incandescent lamp and lamp systems examined. 3 refs., 6 tabs.

Morse, O.; Verderber, R.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Posters | Posters --721 Exploring lighting cultures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Posters | Posters -- 721 Exploring lighting cultures Beyond light and emotions Vincent LAGANIER 1 , Jasmine van der POL 2 1. Lighting Applications Services (LiAS), Philips Lighting, France vincent.laganier@philips.com 2

Boyer, Edmond

432

Creative and Constructive Play with Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

children identify objects with these properties. Predict what materials light will pass through. Use paint and mixing light. Mixing paint creates a muddy brown or black. Mixing light creates white light

433

Visionary Solutions Contract Modifications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500IIVasudhaSurface. | EMSL Visible LightNORDUnet,1Mission

434

Chemical Bonding, Interfaces and Defects in Hafnium Oxide/Germanium Oxynitride Gate Stacks on Ge (100)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Correlations among interface properties and chemical bonding characteristics in HfO{sub 2}/GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge MIS stacks were investigated using in-situ remote nitridation of the Ge (100) surface prior to HfO{sub 2} atomic layer deposition (ALD). Ultra thin ({approx}1.1 nm), thermally stable and aqueous etch-resistant GeO{sub x}N{sub y} interfaces layers that exhibited Ge core level photoelectron spectra (PES) similar to stoichiometric Ge{sub 3}N{sub 4} were synthesized. To evaluate GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge interface defects, the density of interface states (D{sub it}) was extracted by the conductance method across the band gap. Forming gas annealed (FGA) samples exhibited substantially lower D{sub it} ({approx} 1 x 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} eV{sup -1}) than did high vacuum annealed (HVA) and inert gas anneal (IGA) samples ({approx} 1x 10{sup 13} cm{sup -2} eV{sup -1}). Germanium core level photoelectron spectra from similar FGA-treated samples detected out-diffusion of germanium oxide to the HfO{sub 2} film surface and apparent modification of chemical bonding at the GeO{sub x}N{sub y}/Ge interface, which is related to the reduced D{sub it}.

Oshima, Yasuhiro; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.; Sun, Yun; /SLAC, SSRL; Kuzum, Duygu; /Stanford U.; Sugawara, Takuya; Saraswat, Krishna C.; Pianetta, Piero; /SLAC, SSRL; McIntyre, Paul C.; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

435

Characterization of second-phase plates in a Gd5Ge3 intermetallic compound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rare-earth compounds based on the stoichiometry R5(SixGe1?x)4 (R = rare-earth elements) exhibit many unusual features, including possessing R5(SixGe1?x)3 thin plates which always precipitate from the matrix despite efforts to suppress their formation. In an effort to better understand the unique relationship between these two intermetallic alloy systems, the bulk microstructure of the compound Gd5Ge3 was examined using scanning (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and optical microscopy. Surprisingly, SEM examination revealed a series of thin plates present in the Gd5Ge3 matrix similar to what is seen in Gd5Ge4. TEM observation revealed that a role reversal had occurred, with the thin plates possessing the orthorhombic structure and composition of Gd5Ge4. The orientation relationship between Gd5Ge4 thin plates and the Gd5Ge3 matrix was determined to be Graphic the same relationship reported for Gd5Ge3 plates precipitating from a Gd5Ge4 matrix. However, by exchanging the respective roles of the phases as regards matrix vs. precipitate, the total number of precipitation variants seen can be increased from two to six. The persistence with which these two intermetallic systems co-exist is truly unique. However, understanding exactly the kinetic and thermodynamic conditions that lead to their unique relationship is hampered by the high formation temperatures at which the observed reaction occurs.

Cao, Qing [Ames Laboratory; Chumbley, Leonard S. [Ames Laboratory

2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

436

Synthesis, crystal structure and properties of [(dien){sub 2}Mn]Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4} with mixed-valent Ge centers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One new manganese thiogermanate, [(dien){sub 2}Mn]Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4} (dien=diethylenetriamine), was prepared under mild solvothermal conditions and structurally and spectroscopically characterized. The title compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, chiral space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1} (no. 19) with a=9.113(4) Å, b=12.475(5) Å, c=17.077(7) Å, V=1941.5(15) Å{sup 3} and Z=4. Its structure features a three-dimensional (3D) network composed of a one-dimensional (1D) [Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4}]{sup 2?} anionic chain and a [(dien){sub 2}Mn]{sup 2+} complex interconnected via various hydrogen bonds. The most interesting structural feature of the compound is the presence of two different oxidation states of germanium centers in the 1D [Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4}]{sup 2?} chain, which is also supported by the result of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurement. The optical property of the title compound has also been studied by UV–vis spectra. - Graphical abstract: One new thiogermanate, [(dien){sub 2}Mn]Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4}, contains a one-dimensional [Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4}]{sup 2?} anionic chain with two different oxidation states of germanium centers. Display Omitted - Highlights: • One new manganese thiogermanate [(dien){sub 2}Mn]Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4} was prepared. • The compound features 1D [Ge{sub 2}S{sub 4}]{sup 2?} chain composed of [Ge{sup II}S{sub 4}] and [Ge{sup IV}S{sub 4}] tetrahedra. • The first example of inorganic–organic hybrid thiogermanates with mixed valent Ge centers.

Yue, Cheng-Yang; Yuan, Zhuang-Dong; Zhang, Lu-Ge; Wang, Ya-Bai; Liu, Guo-Dong; Gong, Liao-Kuo [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry in Universities of Shandong, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jining University, Qufu, Shandong 273155 (China); Lei, Xiao-Wu, E-mail: xwlei_jnu@163.com [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry in Universities of Shandong, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jining University, Qufu, Shandong 273155 (China); State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Institute of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250100 (China)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Light Stau Phenomenology and the Higgs \\gamma\\gamma Rate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, an excess of events consistent with a Higgs boson with mass of about 125 GeV was reported by the CMS and ATLAS experiments. This Higgs boson mass is consistent with the values that may be obtained in minimal supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model (SM), with both stop masses less than a TeV and large mixing. The apparently enhanced photon production rate associated with this potential Higgs signal may be the result of light staus with large mixing. Large stau mixing and large coupling of the staus to the SM-like Higgs boson may be obtained for large values of tan {beta} and moderate to large values of the Higgsino mass parameter, {mu}. We study the phenomenological properties of this scenario, including precision electroweak data, the muon anomalous magnetic moment, Dark Matter, and the evolution of the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters to high energies. We also analyze the possible collider signatures of light third generation sleptons and demonstrate that it is possible to find evidence of their production at the 8 TeV and the 14 TeV LHC. The most promising channel is stau and tau sneutrino associated production, with the sneutrino decaying into a W boson plus a light stau.

Carena, Marcela; Gori, Stefania; Shah, Nausheen R.; Wagner, Carlos E.M.; Wang, Lian-Tao

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

439

3 GeV Booster Synchrotron Conceptual Design Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synchrotron light cna be produced from a relativistic particle beam circulating in a storage ring at extremely high intensity and brilliance over a large spectral region reaching from the far infrared regime to hard x-rays. The particles, either electrons or positrons, radiate as they are deflected in the fields of the storage ring bending magnets or of magnets specially optimized for the production of synchrotron light. The synchrotron light being very intense and well collimated in the forward direction has become a major tool in a large variety of research fields in physics, chemistry, material science, biology, and medicine.

Wiedemann, Helmut

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

440

Embodied Energy and Off-Grid Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a point of comparison with LED lighting product embodieda fairer comparison between off- grid LED lighting and other

Alstone, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Overcoming Common Pitfalls: Energy Efficient Lighting Projects...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Overcoming Common Pitfalls: Energy Efficient Lighting Projects Overcoming Common Pitfalls: Energy Efficient Lighting Projects Transcript Presentation More Documents & Publications...

442

Automatic Mechetronic Wheel Light Device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wheel lighting device for illuminating a wheel of a vehicle to increase safety and enhance aesthetics. The device produces the appearance of a "ring of light" on a vehicle's wheels as the vehicle moves. The "ring of light" can automatically change in color and/or brightness according to a vehicle's speed, acceleration, jerk, selection of transmission gears, and/or engine speed. The device provides auxiliary indicator lights by producing light in conjunction with a vehicle's turn signals, hazard lights, alarm systems, and etc. The device comprises a combination of mechanical and electronic components and can be placed on the outer or inner surface of a wheel or made integral to a wheel or wheel cover. The device can be configured for all vehicle types, and is electrically powered by a vehicle's electrical system and/or battery.

Khan, Mohammed John Fitzgerald (Silver Spring, MD)

2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

443

Light Quarkonium - Glueball Mixing from a Holographic QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the mixing structure of isospin-singlet scalars, the light quarkonium $(\\bar{q}q)$ and glueball $(gg)$ in two-flavor QCD, based on a holographic model of bottom-up hard-wall type. In the model the pure quarkonium and glueball states are unambiguously defined in terms of the different $U(1)_A$ charges in the restoration limit of the chiral $U(2)_L \\times U(2)_R$ symmetry, in which the quarkonium gets massless as the chiral partner of the pion. Hence the $\\bar{q}q$-$gg$ mixing arises in the presence of the nonzero chiral condensate or pion decay constant. At the realistic point where the pion decay constant and other hadron masses reach the observed amount, we predict the tiny mixing between the lightest quarkonia and glueball: The smallness of the mixing is understood by the slightly small ratio of the chiral and gluon condensate scales. The low-lying two scalar masses are calculated to be $\\simeq 1.25$ GeV and $\\simeq 1.77$ GeV, which are compared with masses of $f_0(1370)$ and $f_0(1710)$. Our resul...

Yamaguchi, Takashi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The 12 GeV JLab Upgrade Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The upgrade of the CEBAF Accelerator at Jefferson Lab to 12 GeV will deliver high luminosity and high quality beams, which will open unique opportunities for studies of the quark and gluon structure of hadrons in the valence region. Such physics will be made accessible by substantial additions to the experimental equipment in combination with the increased energy reach of the upgraded machine. The emphasis of the talk will be on the program in a new experimental Hall D designed to search for gluonic excitations.

Elton S. Smith

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

445

Diamond turning of Si and Ge single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-point diamond turning studies have been completed on Si and Ge crystals. A new process model was developed for diamond turning which is based on a critical depth of cut for plastic flow-to-brittle fracture transitions. This concept, when combined with the actual machining geometry for single-point turning, predicts that {open_quotes}ductile{close_quotes} machining is a combined action of plasticity and fracture. Interrupted cutting experiments also provide a meant to directly measure the critical depth parameter for given machining conditions.

Blake, P.; Scattergood, R.O.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The Jefferson Lab 12 GeV Upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major upgrade of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is in progress. Construction began in 2008 and the project should be completed in 2015. The upgrade includes doubling the energy of the electron beam to 12 GeV, the addition of a new fourth experimental hall, and new experimental equipment in three of the experimental halls. A brief overview of this upgrade project is presented along with some highlights of the anticipated experimental program.

R.D. McKeown

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

The 12 GeV JLab Upgrade Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The upgrade of the CEBAF Accelerator at Jefferson Lab to 12 GeV will deliver high luminosity and high quality beams, which will open unique opportunities for studies of the quark and gluon structure of hadrons in the valence region. Such physics will be made accessible by substantial additions to the experimental equipment in combination with the increased energy reach of the upgraded machine. The emphasis of the talk will be on the program in a new experimental Hall D designed to search for gluonic excitations.

Smith, Elton

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Secretary Chu Speaks at GE Solar Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September2-SCORECARD-01-24-13DiscoversGE Solar Facility Secretary Chu Speaks

449

Patriotic Sands Form the Science of Summer | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 TheSteven AshbyDepartment ofGE's E.Gilman About Us Patrick

450

Notrees 1B (GE Energy) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico:CommunityNorthwest Basin and RangeNorvento USA(TXR150000)B (GE

451

GE Technology to Help Canada Province Meet Growing Energy Needs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun with Big SkyDIII-D PerformanceGE Progress

452

Engineers Named to National Academy | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing Zirconia NanoparticlesSmart GrocerDepartment&Engineering GE Engineers

453

Extended Battery Life in Electric Vehicles | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4:Epitaxial Thin FilmEquipment SSRLExploring theExplosivesGE, Ford,

454

Global Research on On The Verge | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky LearningGet Assistance GetGiantOn The Verge Visits GE's Global

455

Manufacturing - GE Appliances, ORNL sign agreement | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and InterfacesAdministrationManufacturing - GE Appliances, ORNL sign

456

Greenhouse Gas Services AES GE EFS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio: EnergyGrasslandsGreen2V Jump506384°,AES GE EFS Jump to: navigation,

457

Microgravity and Vision in Astronauts | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping theEnergyInnovationMichaelGE Researchers Study Microgravity and

458

General Electric in India GE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6TheoreticalFuelCellGemini Solar DevelopmentCompression JumpGE

459

Utility lighting summit proves illuminating  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Utility-lighting-summit-proves-illuminating Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects...

460

Photonic crystal light emitting diode.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This master's thesis describe electromagnetic simulations of a gallium antimonide (GaSb) light emitting diode, LED. A problem for such devices is that most of… (more)

Leirset, Erlend

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Linac Coherent Light Source Overview  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Take an animated tour of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Follow the laser pulse from the injector gun all the way through to the Far Experimental Hall.

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

462

Light Water Reactor Sustainability Newsletter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and nuclear waste disposal. Dr. Corradini has extensive research experience in the phenomenology of beyond design basis Meet the New LWRS Program Pathway Lead accidents in light...

463

LED Lighting Off the Grid  

Energy Savers [EERE]

D. & Kammen, D. M. Decentralized energy systems for clean electricity access. Nature Climate Change accepted, in press, (2015). Off-Grid Status Quo : Fuel Based Lighting...

464

Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This November 19, 2013 webinar presented issues and considerations related to pedestrian-friendly nighttime lighting, such as color rendering, safety, and adaptation. When it comes to outdoor...

465

Light Water Reactor Sustainability Newsletter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hydraulics software RELAP-7 (which is under development in the Light Water Reactor Sustainability LWRS Program). A novel interaction between the probabilistic part (i.e., RAVEN)...

466

Light Water Reactor Sustainability Newsletter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

30-35, August 2012. Clayton, D. A. and M. S. Hileman, 2012, Light Water Reactor Sustainability Non-Destructive Evaluation for Concrete Research and Development Roadmap, ORNLTM-...

467

Linac Coherent Light Source Overview  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Take an animated tour of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Follow the laser pulse from the injector gun all the way through to the Far Experimental Hall.

468

Lighting with Paint FABIO PELLACINI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lighting with Paint FABIO PELLACINI Dartmouth College and FRANK BATTAGLIA, R. KEITH MORLEY, animation, rendering, optimization, painting ACM Reference Format: Pellacini, F., Battaglia, F., Morley, R

Pellacini, Fabio

469

Endeavour Launch 1: The Importance of Networking | GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

had the opportunity to work on programs involving MRIs, lighting, aircraft engines, power generation, etc. My dream was to have a job that challenges me every day, and to have...

470

Light weight phosphate cements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sealant having a specific gravity in the range of from about 0.7 to about 1.6 for heavy oil and/or coal bed methane fields is disclosed. The sealant has a binder including an oxide or hydroxide of Al or of Fe and a phosphoric acid solution. The binder may have MgO or an oxide of Fe and/or an acid phosphate. The binder is present from about 20 to about 50% by weight of the sealant with a lightweight additive present in the range of from about 1 to about 10% by weight of said sealant, a filler, and water sufficient to provide chemically bound water present in the range of from about 9 to about 36% by weight of the sealant when set. A porous ceramic is also disclosed.

Wagh, Arun S. (Naperville, IL); Natarajan, Ramkumar, (Woodridge, IL); Kahn, David (Miami, FL)

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

471

Light Dark Matter Detection Prospects at Neutrino Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the prospects for the detection of relatively light dark matter through direct annihilation to neutrinos. We specifically focus on the detection possibilities of water Cherenkov and liquid scintillator neutrino detection devices. We find in particular that liquid scintillator detectors may potentially provide excellent detection prospects for dark matter in the 4-10 GeV mass range. These experiments can provide excellent corroborative checks of the DAMA/LIBRA annual modulation signal, but may yield results for low mass dark matter in any case. We identify important tests of the ratio of electron to muon neutrino events (and neutrino versus anti-neutrino events), which discriminate against background atmospheric neutrinos. In addition, the fraction of events which arise from muon neutrinos or anti-neutrinos ($R_{\\mu}$ and $R_{\\bar \\mu}$) can potentially yield information about the branching fractions of hypothetical dark matter annihilations into different neutrino flavors. These results apply to n...

Kumar, Jason; Smith, Stefanie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Jade Sky Technologies Partners with CLTC on LED Replacement Lamp Upgrade Project UC Davis' California Lighting Technology Center will utilize Jade Sky Technologies' driver ICs to help spur  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' California Lighting Technology Center will utilize Jade Sky Technologies' driver ICs to help spur adoption of cost-effective, easy-to-use LED lighting solutions Milpitas, Calif. ­ October 15, 2013 ­ Jade Sky Technologies (JST), a clean-tech start-up manufacturer of driver ICs for LED lighting applications, announces

California at Davis, University of

473

Book review Light Scattering Reviews 4: Single Light Scattering and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-monograph on the use of space-time Green functions in the description of the diffusive radiation transport in active equation of the radiative transfer theory in the classical style of the ``Soviet'' school of radiativeBook review Light Scattering Reviews 4: Single Light Scattering and Radiative Transfer, A

474

EK101 Engineering Light Project: Evaluate Residential Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for residential lighting (LED, Compact Fluorescent, Incandescent). Develop a plan of experiments to be conducted, CF, and Incandescent bulbs for the past ten years. (try the wayback time machine if other sources fail). Discuss the key challenges associated with a transition from incandescent lighting

Bifano, Thomas

475

Nittany Lights Landscape Lighting Sept. 28-30, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nittany Lights ­ Landscape Lighting Workshop Sept. 28-30, 2012 Penn State Campus - University Park with a lecture at the Palmer Art Museum to be provided by internationally known architectural/landscape artist get a chance to think beyond budgets, maintenance, codes, etc and get back to the fun creative side

476

Bearwall Energy Efficient Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CATEE Conference November 20, 2014 ENERGY EFFICIENT SOLUTIONS ESL-KT-14-11-06 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Brief History of Bearwall… Who We Are: ? Manuel Sovero ? Luis Osorio Energy Conservation... Experience: ESL-KT-14-11-06 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Energy Programs… ESL-KT-14-11-06 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Bearwall Methodology… Introduction...

Sovero,M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Cyanide Solution | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganization FY 2012 FYCustomer-Comments SignCyanide Solution

478

Review: Greenhouse Solutions with Sustainable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solutions with Sustainable Energy By Mark DiesendorfSolutions with Sustainable Energy. Sydney, NSW: University

Hamilton-Smith, Elery

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Germanium diffusion during HfO{sub 2} growth on Ge by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors study the Ge diffusion during HfO{sub 2} growth by molecular beam epitaxy on differently in situ prepared germanium substrates and at different growth temperatures. While HfO{sub 2} layers grown directly on Ge do not show any germanium contamination, oxygen rich interfacial layers such as GeO{sub x} or GeO{sub x}N{sub y} partly dissolve into the HfO{sub 2} layer, giving rise to high Ge contamination (from 1% to 10%). The use of nitridated interfacial layers does not prevent Ge diffusion into the HfO{sub 2} during the growth process because of the high oxygen content present in the nitridated germanium layer.

Ferrari, S.; Spiga, S.; Wiemer, C.; Fanciulli, M.; Dimoulas, A. [Laboratorio MDM-INFM-CNR, Via Olivetti, 2 Agrate Brianza, Milano 20041 (Italy); MBE Laboratory, Institute of Materials Science, DEMOKRITOS National Center for Scientific Research, 153 10 Athens (Greece)

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

480

Ge doped HfO{sub 2} thin films investigated by x-ray absorption spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The stability of the tetragonal phase of Ge doped HfO{sub 2} thin films on Si(100) was investigated. Hf(Ge)O{sub 2} films with Ge atomic concentrations varying from 0% to 15% were deposited by remote plasma chemical vapor deposition. The atomic structure on the oxide after rapid thermal annealing was investigated by x-ray absorption spectroscopy of the O and Ge K edges and by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. The authors found that Ge concentrations as low as 5 at. % effectively stabilize the tetragonal phase of 5 nm thick Hf(Ge)O{sub 2} on Si and that higher concentrations are not stable to rapid thermal annealing at temperatures above 750 deg. C.

Miotti, Leonardo; Bastos, Karen P.; Lucovsky, Gerald; Radtke, Claudio; Nordlund, Dennis [Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Box 8202, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8202 (United States); Instituto de Quimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 91509-900 Porto Alegre (Brazil); Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ge lighting solutions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Light-by-Light Scattering Effect in Light-Cone Supergraphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a relatively simple explanation of the light-cone supergraph prediction for the UV properties of the maximally supersymmetric theories. It is based on the existence of a dynamical supersymmetry which is not manifest in the light-cone supergraphs. It suggests that N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory is UV finite and N=8 supergravity is UV finite at least until 7 loops whereas the $n$-point amplitudes have no UV divergences at least until $L=n+3$. Here we show that this prediction can be deduced from the properties of light-cone supergraphs analogous to the light-by-light scattering effect in QED. A technical aspect of the argument relies on the observation that the dynamical supersymmetry action is, in fact, a compensating field-dependent gauge transformation required for the retaining the light-cone gauge condition $A_+=0$.

Renata Kallosh; Pierre Ramond

2010-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

482

The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: Progress towards showing the feasibility of a tonne-scale 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR will search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the 76Ge isotope with a mixed array of enriched and natural germanium detectors. The observation of this rare decay would indicate the neutrino is its own anti-particle, demonstrate that lepton number is not conserved, and provide information on the absolute mass-scale of the neutrino. The DEMONSTRATOR is being assembled at the 4850 foot level of the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota. The array will be contained in a low-background environment and surrounded by passive and active shielding. The goals for the DEMONSTRATOR are: demonstrating a background rate less than 3 t$^{-1}$ y$^{-1}$ in the 4 keV region of interest (ROI) surrounding the 2039 keV 76Ge endpoint energy; establishing the technology required to build a tonne-scale germanium based double-beta decay experiment; testing the recent claim of observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay [H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus and I. V. Krivosheina, Mod. Phys. Lett. A21, 1547 (2006)]; and performing a direct search for light WIMPs (3-10 GeV).

P. Finnerty; E. Aguayo; M. Amman; F. T. Avignone. III; A. S. Barabash; P. J. Barton; J. R. Beene; F. E. Bertrand; M. Boswell; V. Brudanin; M. Busch; Y. -D. Chan; C. D. Christofferson; J. I. Collar; D. C. Combs; R. J. Cooper; J. A. Detwiler; P. J. Doe; Yu. Efremenko; V. Egorov; H. Ejiri; S. R. Elliott; J. Esterline; J. E. Fast; N. Fields; F. M. Fraenkle; A. Galindo-Uribarri; V. M. Gehman; G. K. Giovanetti; M. P. Green; V. E. Guiseppe; K. Gusey; A. L. Hallin; R. Hazama; R. Henning; E. W. Hoppe; M. Horton; S. Howard; M. A. Howe; R. A. Johnson; K. J. Keeter; M. F. Kidd; A. Knecht; O. Kochetov; S. I. Konovalov; R. T. Kouzes; B. D. LaFerriere; J. Leon; L. E. Leviner; J. C. Loach; P. N. Luke; S. MacMullin; M. G. Marino; R. D. Martin; J. H. Merriman; M. L. Miller; L. Mizouni; M. Nomachi; J. L. Orrell; N. R. Overman; G. Perumpilly; D. G. Phillips. II; A. W. P. Poon; D. C. Radford; K. Rielage; R. G. H. Robertson; M. C. Ronquest; A. G. Schubert; T. Shima; M. Shirchenko; K. J. Snavely; D. Steele; J. Strain; V. Timkin; W. Tornow; R. L. Varner; K. Vetter; K. Vorren; J. F. Wilkerson; E. Yakushev; H. Yaver; A. R. Young; C-H. Yu. and. V. Yumatov.

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

483

Results on neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge from Gerda Phase I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results on neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge from Gerda Phase I M. Agostini,14 M. Allardt,3 E and a lower limit is derived for the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge, T0 1/2> 2.1 · 1025 double beta decay of the isotope 76 Ge. Data con- sidered in the present analysis have been collected

484

The Jefferson Lab program: From 6 GeV operations to the 12 GeV upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory and the CEBAF accelerator operated for more than a decade, running a comprehensive scientific program that improved our understanding of the strong interaction. The facility is now moving toward an upgrade of the machine, from 6 to 12 GeV; a new experimental hall will be added and the equipment of the three existing halls will be enhanced. In this contribution some selected results from the rich physics program run at JLab, as well as the prospects for the near future, will be presented.

Marco Battaglieri

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Sideward Flow in Au + Au Collisions Between 2A GeV and 8A GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the large acceptance Time Projection Chamber of experiment E895 at Brookhaven, measurements of collective sideward flow in Au + Au collisions at beam energies of 2, 4, 6 and 8A GeV are presented in the form of in-plane transverse momentum and the first Fourier coefficient of azimuthal anisotropy v_1. These measurements indicate a smooth variation of sideward flow as a function of beam energy. The data are compared with four nuclear transport models which have an orientation towards this energy range. All four exhibit some qualitative trends similar to those found in the data, although none shows a consistent pattern of agreement within experimental uncertainties.

E895 Collaboration; H. Liu; N. N. Ajitanand; J. Alexander; M. Anderson; D. Best; F. P. Brady; T. Case; W. Caskey; D. Cebra; J. Chance; B. Cole; K. Crowe; A. Das; J. Draper; M. Gilkes; S. Gushue; M. Heffner; A. Hirsch; E. Hjort; L. Huo; M. Justice; M. Kaplan; D. Keane; J. Kintner; J. Klay; D. Krofcheck; R. Lacey; M. A. Lisa; Y. M. Liu; R. McGrath; Z. Milosevich; G. Odyniec; D. Olson; S. Y. Panitkin; N. Porile; G. Rai; H. G. Ritter; J. Romero; R. Scharenberg; L. S. Schroeder; B. Srivastava; N. T. B. Stone; T. J. M. Symons; S. Wang; J. Whitfield; T. Wienold; R. Witt; L. Wood; X. Yang; W. N. Zhang; Y. Zhang

2000-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

486

12 GeV Upgrade Project - Cryomodule Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) is producing ten 100+MV SRF cryomodules (C100) as part of the CEBAF 12 GeV Upgrade Project. Once installed, these cryomodules will become part of an integrated accelerator system upgrade that will result in doubling the energy of the CEBAF machine from 6 to 12 GeV. This paper will present a complete overview of the C100 cryomodule production process. The C100 cryomodule was designed to have the major components procured from private industry and assembled together at Jefferson Lab. In addition to measuring the integrated component performance, the performance of the individual components is verified prior to being released for production and assembly into a cryomodule. Following a comprehensive cold acceptance test of all subsystems, the completed C100 cryomodules are installed and commissioned in the CEBAF machine in preparation of accelerator operations. This overview of the cryomodule production process will include all principal performance measurements, acceptance criterion and up to date status of current activities.

J. Hogan, A. Burrill, G.K. Davis, M.A. Drury, M. Wiseman

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Search for GeV GRBs at Chacaltaya  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we present the results of a search for GeV Gamma Ray Bursts made by the INCA experiment during the first 9 months of operation. INCA, an air shower array located at Mount Chacaltaya (Bolivia) at 5200 m a.s.l., has been searching for GRBs since December 1996. Up to August, 1997, 34 GRBs detected by BATSE occurred in the field of view of the experiment. For any burst, the counting rate of the array in the 2 hours interval around the burst trigger time has been studied. No significant excess has been observed. Assuming for the bursts a power low energy spectrum extending up to 1 TeV with a slope {alpha}=-2 and a duration of 10 s, the obtained 1 GeV-1 TeV energy fluence upper limits range from 7.9 10{sup -5} erg cm{sup -2} to 3.5 10{sup -3} erg cm{sup -2} depending on the event zenith angles.

Castellina, A.; Ghia, P. L.; Morello, C.; Trinchero, G.; Vallania, P.; Vernetto, S. [Istituto di Cosmogeofisica del C.N.R., Torino (Italy); Navarra, G.; Saavedra, O. [Dipartimento di Fisica Generale dell'Universita' di Torino (Italy); Yoshii, H. [Department of Physics, Ehime University, Ehime 790 (Japan); Kaneko, T. [Department of Physics, Okayama University, Okayama 700 (Japan); Kakimoto, K. [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, Tokyo 152 (Japan); Nishi, K. [Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, Wako, Saitama 351-01 (Japan); Cabrera, R.; Urzagasti, D.; Velarde, A. [Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicas, Universidad Mayor de San Andres, La Paz (Bolivia, Plurinational State of); Barthelmy, S. D.; Butterworth, P.; Cline, T. L.; Gehrels, N. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States); Fishman, G. J. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama 35812 (United States)] (and others)

1998-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

488

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous ge bipolar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at Stony Brook, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering, Optoelectronics Research Group Collection: Engineering 10 A New SiGe Base Lateral PNM Schottky...

489

€18.5 Million in New Research Program Funding Announced, GE...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

funding and collaboration models at its European Global Research Center near Munich, Germany. Mark Little, GE's Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer, and thought...

490

GE to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Clothes Washers GE urges the department engage in rulmaking to amend the clothes washer test procedure to reflect efficiency standards of large-capacity residential clothes washer...

491

AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

2012 More Documents & Publications AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: GE Smart Grid Capable AC Level 2 Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge...

492

Light water reactor lower head failure analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents the results from a US Nuclear Regulatory Commission-sponsored research program to investigate the mode and timing of vessel lower head failure. Major objectives of the analysis were to identify plausible failure mechanisms and to develop a method for determining which failure mode would occur first in different light water reactor designs and accident conditions. Failure mechanisms, such as tube ejection, tube rupture, global vessel failure, and localized vessel creep rupture, were studied. Newly developed models and existing models were applied to predict which failure mechanism would occur first in various severe accident scenarios. So that a broader range of conditions could be considered simultaneously, calculations relied heavily on models with closed-form or simplified numerical solution techniques. Finite element techniques-were employed for analytical model verification and examining more detailed phenomena. High-temperature creep and tensile data were obtained for predicting vessel and penetration structural response.

Rempe, J.L.; Chavez, S.A.; Thinnes, G.L. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)] [and others

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Lighting and Dark Sky Regulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.........................................................................................................2 C. Cherokee County, Georgia's Outdoor Lighting and Road Glare Ordinance visited Apr. 0, 2008) (providing links to ordinances throughout the United States). 2 See, e.g. Cherokee Protection Ordinance (Dec. , 200). 5 See, e.g. Model Lighting Section for Zoning Ordinances and Cherokee

Rosemond, Amy Daum

494

Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the following: How do light-harvesting systems deliver such high efficiency in the presence of disordered:333­61 First published online as a Review in Advance on December 13, 2011 The Annual Review of Condensed Matter quantum efficiency of photosynthetic light harvesting. Further, this speculation has led to much effort

Fleming, Graham R.

495

Light beam frequency comb generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A light beam frequency comb generator uses an acousto-optic modulator to generate a plurality of light beams with frequencies which are uniformly separated and possess common noise and drift characteristics. A well collimated monochromatic input light beam is passed through this modulator to produce a set of both frequency shifted and unshifted optical beams. An optical system directs one or more frequency shifted beams along a path which is parallel to the path of the input light beam such that the frequency shifted beams are made incident on the modulator proximate to but separated from the point of incidence of the input light beam. After the beam is thus returned to and passed through the modulator repeatedly, a plurality of mutually parallel beams are generated which are frequency-shifted different numbers of times and possess common noise and drift characteristics.

Priatko, Gordon J. (Cupertino, CA); Kaskey, Jeffrey A. (Livermore, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Formation of mixed oxide powders in flames: Part II. SiO sub 2 --GeO sub 2 and Al sub 2 O sub 3 --TiO sub 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SiO{sub 2}--GeO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}--TiO{sub 2} mixed oxide powders were synthesized using a counterflow diffusion flame burner. SiCl{sub 4}, GeCl{sub 4}, Al(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}, and TiCl{sub 4} were used as source materials for the formation of oxide particles in hydrogen-oxygen flames. {ital In} {ital situ} particle sizes were determined using dynamic light-scattering. Powders were collected using two different methods, a thermophoretic method (particles are collected onto carbon coated TEM grids) and an electrophoretic method (particles are collected onto stainless steel strips). Their size, morphology, and crystalline form were examined using a transmission electron microscope and an x-ray diffractometer. A photomultiplier at 90{degree} to the argon ion laser beam was used to measure the light-scattering intensity. The formation of the mixed oxides was investigated using Si to Ge and Al to Ti ratios of 3:5 and 1:1, respectively. Heterogeneous nucleation of the SiO{sub 2} on the surface of the GeO{sub 2} was observed. In Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}--TiO{sub 2} mixtures, both oxide particles form at the same temperature. X-ray diffraction analysis of particles sampled at temperatures higher than 1553 K showed the presence of rutile, {gamma}--Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and aluminum titanate. Although the particle formation processes for SiO{sub 2}--GeO{sub 2} is very different from that for Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}--TiO{sub 2}, both mixed oxides result in very uniform mixtures.

Hung, C.; Miquel, P.F.; Katz, J.L. (Department of Chemical Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

In Wino Veritas? Indirect Searches Shed Light on Neutralino Dark Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indirect detection constraints on gamma rays (both continuum and lines) have set strong constraints on wino dark matter. By combining results from Fermi-LAT and HESS, we show that: light nonthermal wino dark matter is strongly excluded; thermal wino dark matter is allowed only if the Milky Way dark matter distribution has a significant (>~0.4 kpc) core; and for plausible NFW and Einasto distributions the entire range of wino masses from 100 GeV up to 3 TeV can be excluded. The case of light, nonthermal wino dark matter is particularly interesting in scenarios with decaying moduli that reheat the universe to a low temperature. Typically such models have been discussed for low reheating temperatures, not far above the BBN bound of a few MeV. We show that constraints on the allowed wino relic density push such models to higher reheating temperatures and hence heavier moduli. Even for a flattened halo model consisting of an NFW profile with constant-density core inside 1 kpc and a density near the sun of 0.3 GeV/cm^3, for 150 GeV winos current data constrains the reheat temperature to be above 1.4 GeV. As a result, for models in which the wino mass is a loop factor below the gravitino mass, the data favor moduli that are more than an order of magnitude heavier than the gravitino. We discuss some of the sobering implications of this result for the status of supersymmetry. We also comment on other neutralino dark matter scenarios, in particular the case of mixed bino/higgsino dark matter. We show that in this case, direct and indirect searches are complementary to each other and could potentially cover most of the parameter space.

JiJi Fan; Matthew Reece

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

498

Light-Front Holography and Non-Perturbative QCD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The combination of Anti-de Sitter space (AdS) methods with light-front holography leads to a semi-classical first approximation to the spectrum and wavefunctions of meson and baryon light-quark bound states. Starting from the bound-state Hamiltonian equation of motion in QCD, we derive relativistic light-front wave equations in terms of an invariant impact variable {zeta} which measures the separation of the quark and gluonic constituents within the hadron at equal light-front time. These equations of motion in physical space-time are equivalent to the equations of motion which describe the propagation of spin-J modes in anti-de Sitter (AdS) space. Its eigenvalues give the hadronic spectrum, and its eigenmodes represent the probability distribution of the hadronic constituents at a given scale. Applications to the light meson and baryon spectra are presented. The predicted meson spectrum has a string-theory Regge form M{sup 2} = 4{kappa}{sup 2}(n + L + S = 2); i.e., the square of the eigenmass is linear in both L and n, where n counts the number of nodes of the wavefunction in the radial variable {zeta}. The space-like pion form factor is also well reproduced. One thus obtains a remarkable connection between the description of hadronic modes in AdS space and the Hamiltonian formulation of QCD in physical space-time quantized on the light-front at fixed light-front time {tau}. The model can be systematically improved by using its complete orthonormal solutions to diagonalize the full QCD light-front Hamiltonian or by applying the Lippmann-Schwinger method in order to systematically include the QCD interaction terms.

Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC; de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.

2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

499

Magnetic X-Ray Scattering Study of GdCo2Ge2 and NdCo2Ge2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of magnetic x-ray resonant exchange scattering (XRES) experiments are important to the development of an understanding of magnetic interactions in materials. The advantages of high Q resolution, polarization analysis, and the ability to study many different types of materials make it a vital tool in the field of condensed matter physics. Though the concept of XRES was put forth by Platzman and Tzoar in 1970, the technique did not gain much attention until the work of Gibbs and McWhan et al. in 1988. Since then, the technique of XRES has grown immensely in use and applicability. Researchers continue to improve upon the procedure and detection capabilities in order to study magnetic materials of all kinds. The XRES technique is particularly well suited to studying the rare earth metals because of the energy range involved. The resonant L edges of these elements fall between 5-10 KeV. Resonant and nonresonant x-ray scattering experiments were performed in order to develop an understanding of the magnetic ordering in GdCo{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} and NdCo{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}.

William Good

2002-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

500

The CMS barrel calorimeter response to particle beams from 2-GeV/c to 350-GeV/c  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The response of the CMS barrel calorimeter (electromagnetic plus hadronic) to hadrons, electrons and muons over a wide momentum range from 2 to 350 GeV/c has been measured. To our knowledge, this is the widest range of momenta in which any calorimeter system has been studied. These tests, carried out at the H2 beam-line at CERN, provide a wealth of information, especially at low energies. The analysis of the differences in calorimeter response to charged pions, kaons, protons and antiprotons and a detailed discussion of the underlying phenomena are presented. We also show techniques that apply corrections to the signals from the considerably different electromagnetic (EB) and hadronic (HB) barrel calorimeters in reconstructing the energies of hadrons. Above 5 GeV/c, these corrections improve the energy resolution of the combined system where the stochastic term equals 84.7 {+-} 1.6% and the constant term is 7.4 {+-} 0.8%. The corrected mean response remains constant within 1.3% rms.

Abdullin, S.; /Moscow, ITEP; Abramov, V.; /Serpukhov, IHEP; Acharya, B.; /Tata Inst.; Adam, N.; /Princeton U.; Adams, M.; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adzic, P.; /Belgrade U.; Akchurin, N.; /Texas Tech.; Akgun, U.; Albayrak, E.; /Iowa U.; Alemany-Fernandez, R.; Almeida, N.; /Lisbon, LIFEP /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr. /Virginia U. /Iowa State U.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z