National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for ge company proprietary

  1. Informao Confidencial e Proprietria Confidential and Proprietary Information Company Profile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Informação Confidencial e Proprietária Confidential and Proprietary Information Company Profile Information 2 Summary (I) Company Facts (II) Company Capabilities (III) Projects & Products (IV) On Information (I) Company Facts #12;26-Aug-2010 4 Informação Confidencial e Proprietária Confidential

  2. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only03.0)(C.W/m12()( 22 aveplate,loss q¸ ¹ · ¨ © § q fTThAQ Energy balance on the plate can to be uniform at all times, we need to calculate the Biot number, 1.0

  3. Construction proprietary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2. Construction a. The composite mirrors The mirror was made of a graphite #12;ber backing, coated An aerogel radiator can in principle pro- vide hadron separation throughout the full momentum range. However proton aerogel gas GeV mrad 0 50 100 150 200 250 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 track parameters Direct Ray Tracing

  4. A New Kind of Industrial Company: Read GE's 2014 Annual Report...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    grid sector. Alstom will benefit from GE's strength in technology, service and in growth markets. In July, we began the spinoff of Synchrony Financial, our Retail Finance...

  5. GE's Digital Marketplace to Revolutionize Manufacturing | GE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an open online space for companies to collaborate and transform how they design and manufacture their products in the future NISKAYUNA, NY, June 2, 2015 - GE (NYSE:GE), a leading...

  6. STUDENT ENTERPRISE PATENT, RESEARCH, AND PROPRIETARY RIGHTS AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STUDENT ENTERPRISE PATENT, RESEARCH, AND PROPRIETARY RIGHTS AGREEMENT I understand that for the purposes of this agreement "Proprietary Information" means, collectively and individually, (1) patentable with any such patentable or unpatentable inventions which are reduced to practice, conceived, or created

  7. NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission) staff evaluation of the General Electric Company Nuclear Reactor Study (''Reed Report'')

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1987-07-01

    In 1975, the General Electric Company (GE) published a Nuclear Reactor Study, also referred to as ''the Reed Report,'' an internal product-improvement study. GE considered the document ''proprietary'' and thus, under the regulations of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), exempt from mandatory public disclosure. Nonetheless, members of the NRC staff reviewed the document in 1976 and determined that it did not raise any significant new safety issues. The staff also reached the same conclusion in subsequent reviews. However, in response to recent inquiries about the report, the staff reevaluated the Reed Report from a 1987 perspective. This re-evaluation, documented in this staff report, concluded that: (1) there are no issues raised in the Reed Report that support a need to curtail the operation of any GE boiling water reactor (BWR); (2) there are no new safety issues raised in the Reed Report of which the staff was unaware; and (3) although certain issues addressed by the Reed Report are still being studied by the NRC and the industry, there is no basis for suspending licensing and operation of GE BWR plants while these issues are being resolved.

  8. GE Announces Vic Abate as New Chief Technology Officer | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Industrial Internet and Brilliant Factory. This transition marks another chapter in GE's transformation to become the world's premiere Digital Industrial company. Enabled by a...

  9. Montana State University Proprietary 1 Summary of Gun Shot Acoustics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maher, Robert C.

    Montana State University Proprietary 1 Summary of Gun Shot Acoustics Robert C. Maher, Montana State University 4 April 2006 Audio recordings of gun shots can provide information about the gun location interpreting such recordings arises from reverberation (overlapping acoustic signal reflections) due to the gun

  10. Nolij Corporation Proprietary & Confidential Information Release Notes for Nolij Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Nolij Corporation Proprietary & Confidential Information Release Notes for Nolij Web Release 6.3.x Web Release 6.3.x Copyright © 2010 - 2011, Nolij Corporation. All rights reserved. Revised 02Release Notes for Nolij Web Release 6.3.x Introduction These release notes provide information about new

  11. EXC-13-0001 - In the Matter of Feit Electric Company, Inc. |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    decision in which OHA granted exception relief to Philips Lighting Company (Philips), GE Lighting (GE) and Osram Sylvania, Inc. (OSI), as well as several subsequent cases...

  12. Commercial Building Energy Baseline Modeling Software: Performance Metrics and Method Testing with Open Source Models and Implications for Proprietary Software Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Phillip N

    2014-01-01

    for Proprietary Software Testing Philip N Price, Ph.D. ,for Proprietary Software Testing Final Report ET Projectfor the development of software testing protocols. These

  13. Converting the Sun's Heat to Gasoline Solar Fuel Corporation is a clean tech company transforming the way gasoline, diesel and hydrogen fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    million barrels, and nearly 9 million of that is gasoline. With fuel prices rising, consumers are lookingConverting the Sun's Heat to Gasoline Solar Fuel Corporation is a clean tech company transforming the way gasoline, diesel and hydrogen fuels are created and produced. The company has a proprietary

  14. Occlusal Contacts of Milled Polyurethane Casts Mounted in a Proprietary and Semi-adjustable Articulator 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Sarah Parker

    2015-04-07

    relationship. This information is transferred to a milling machine that carves casts from a solid polyurethane block using a subtractive process. The completed arches can be ‘snapmounted’ in a proprietary articulator for restoration fabrication at a lab...

  15. Diffusion in SiGe and Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liao, Christopher Yuan Ting

    2010-01-01

    Claeys, et al. , "Si versus Ge for future microelectronics,"in Selectively Doped Si/Si x Ge 1-x Superlattices," PhysicalA. Fitzgerald, et al. , "Relaxed Ge x Si 1-x structures for

  16. Proprietary & Confidential Information NextEra Energy Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    power from energy capture to your home 1 Turbine powers about 300 homes #12;7 Wind turbines produce power on a design power curve #12;8 ·Underperformance Example · Callahan Divide: Parameter change caused Overview November 15, 2013 #12;2 NextEra Energy is a premier U.S. power company primarily comprised of two

  17. ORNL Partners with GE on New Hybrid | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    electric storage water heater, positioning GE to be the first company to meet the energy-saving standard. According to DOE, using devices that meet these criteria should save...

  18. MSA MAP Goals for 2H FY03 Mindspeed Confidential and Proprietary1 Economics of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    reuse ­ Labor partitioning ­ Wafer and Package technologies · Technical leads are no longer just in the 4 dimensional space of Cost, Revenue, Time, and Risk. #12;MSA MAP Goals for 2H FY03 Mindspeed Confidential and Proprietary3 Outline · Why should we care? · Analysis framework · Risk · Revenue & Time · Cost

  19. FIPS 1402 NonProprietary Security Policy: Persistent Systems Wave Relay Single, Dual, and Quad Radio Document Version 5.2 Persistent Systems Page 1 of 21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proprietary Security Policy Persistent Systems Wave Relay Single, Dual, and Quad Radio Board Level 1Proprietary Security Policy: Persistent Systems Wave Relay Single, Dual, and Quad Radio Board Document Version 5 Policy for the Wave Relay Single, Dual, and Quad Radio Board. #12;FIPS 1402 NonProprietary Security

  20. CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 GE 110 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    2006-07 CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 GE 110 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120 GE 210 MATH 223CE 212 CMPT 116 Hum/SocSci Jr. GEOE 218 CE 225 MATH 224GE 213# GE 348# CE 295 English 11x# CE 315 CE 311

  1. CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 GE 110 COMM 102 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 GE 110 COMM 102 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120 ME 227 GE 213# MATH 223 EE 201ME 214 CMPT 116 ME 215 GE 226 MATH 224 Hum/SocSci@# ME 251 ME 229 ME 318 ME 335 ME 313

  2. Did Apple’s refusal to license proprietary information enabling interoperability with its iPod music player constitute an abuse under Article 82 of the EC Treaty?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazziotti, Giuseppe

    2005-01-01

    Did Apple’s refusal to license proprietary informationtechnology that allowed Apple, as the creator of amises en œuvre par la société Apple Computer, Inc. dans les

  3. Microsoft Word - TSA_Proprietary Boilerplate revised 7.29.13

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGE OFDetection of Hydrates7In 1 STEOBTSA Proprietary

  4. Microsoft Word - Template_SLAC Proprietary Use Agreement_PU 11_14_13

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGE OFDetection of Hydrates7In 1 STEOBTSA ProprietaryJulyPU

  5. GE ?????????????????4G?????...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A die containing 400 ohmic MEMS switches, as viewed under a microscope, atop a U.S. dime. This device, made with GE's...

  6. FIPS 1402 NonProprietary Security Policy: Persistent Systems Wave Relay Quad Radio Router and Man Portable Unit (Generation 2, Generation 3 Single/Dual, and Generation 4)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FIPS 1402 NonProprietary Security Policy: Persistent Systems Wave Relay Quad Radio Router and Man Wave Relay Quad Radio Router and Man Portable Unit (Generation 2, Generation 3 Single;FIPS 1402 NonProprietary Security Policy: Persistent Systems Wave Relay Quad Radio Router and Man

  7. CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 COMM 102GE 110 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 COMM 102GE 110 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120 CMPT 116CHEM 250# MATH 223 EE 201 GE 213 Grp. A elective*CHE 223 Hum/SocSci Jr. MATH 224 English 11x CHE 220CHE 210 CHE

  8. CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 COMM 102GE 110 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 COMM 102GE 110 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120 CMPT 116CHEM 250# MATH 223 EE 201 GE 213 Grp. A elective*CHE 223 HSS@# MATH 224 English 11x CHE 220CHE 210 CHE 323 CHE

  9. Transcription Pharmaceutical Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliva, Aude

    Transcription Pharmacy CDC Pharmaceutical Company Pharmacy Benefits Manager Analytics ICU thedatamap.org #12;Transcription Pharmacy CDC Pharmaceutical Company Pharmacy Benefits Manager Analytics Management Researcher Consulting Physician Health IT Other Government Federal Trade Commission You

  10. Market Research Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    development - Market research for enterprise and education adoption - Plan and execute a company-wide pingMarket Research Company Description: A company focused on developing web-based graphical and future products and then develop the necessary strategies and collateral to stay on the bleeding edge

  11. Accounting Projects Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    and international tax work for individuals, closely held companies, family offices and clients expecting a liquidityAccounting Projects Company Description: CPA firm performing accounting services, bookkeeping. Company Description: a full service CPA firm headquartered in the San Francisco Bay Area. Nationally

  12. QER- Comment of Southern Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Southern Company Services, Inc., as agent for Alabama Power Company, Georgia Power Company, Gulf Power Company, and Mississippi Power Company, (collectively, “Southern Companies”), are pleased to hereby provide their comments to the Department of Energy as it prepares the Quadrennial Energy Review. If there is anything else that we can do in this regard, please feel free to contact us.

  13. Capital Reporting Company Quadrennial ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    3 05-27-2014 (866) 448 - DEPO www.CapitalReportingCompany.com 2014 1 QUADRENNIAL ENERGY REVIEW STAKEHOLDER MEETING 3 PETROLEUM TRANSMISSION, STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION ISSUES...

  14. Capital Reporting Company Quadrennial ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    - DEPO www.CapitalReportingCompany.com 2014 1 UNITED STATE OF AMERICA DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ---: : IN RE: : : QUADRENNIAL ENERGY REVIEW : : NEW...

  15. GE Research and Development | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of rare Kaonforsupernovae model (Journal About DOE ButtonFSO HomefeatureGE

  16. GE Global Research Leadership | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities Nuclear Physics (NP)about aMunich, GermanyAbout GE

  17. GE Researcher Discusses Leadership | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities Nuclear Physics (NP)aboutRio de Janeiro,theIsGE

  18. Marketing Plan Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    Marketing Plan Company Description: Consumer company that provides a product to helps boost Marketing Swat Team Project Description and Deliverables: The team will Identify the best online vehicles of promotions from YouTube celebs, co- marketing with related businesses, affiliate marketing, cross marketing

  19. Entrepreneurship Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    with an industry leader). The team will also help to identify key management team members that may be brought on for venture capital funding presentation, key management team member recommendations. Company Description and headquartered in Utah. Our company conducts pharmaceutical trials in the neurosciences, particularly

  20. Garden Variety Coffee Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wismath, Stephen

    Garden Variety Coffee Company Hiroba Nippon Got Fries? Icy's Subway Pitas, Wraps, Fruit Smoothies legend. The Attic Grill Boston Pizza Brewsters Brewing Company The Cheesecake Café Coco Pazzo Italian Café Dionysios Earl's New to downtown Lethbridge. Fine dining menu. 2 Floor 411-3rd. Ave. South Family

  1. Thermoelectric properties of nanoporous Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Joo-Hyoung

    We computed thermoelectric properties of nanoporous Ge (np-Ge) with aligned pores along the [001] direction through a combined classical molecular dynamics and first-principles electronic structure approach. A significant ...

  2. GE Anna Heijbel / The Storm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Weidong

    1 / GE Anna Heijbel / The Storm® Confocal Optics 50, 100, 200 µm 5 IQTL · ·DNA ·DNA Gels, blots, tissue sections (not in situ), radio-TLC & X-Ray diffraction #12;2 / GE Anna Heijbel / Phosphor µm 1010 43 x 35 cm43 x 35 cm Scanning Technology #12;3 / GE Anna Heijbel / Confocal Optics PMTPMT

  3. MACHINE AND FOUNDRY COMPANY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    MACHINE AND FOUNDRY COMPANY kt '- : :' ENGINEERING DIVISIOJ ---. Cl FIELD iRIP ,REP@?T ,' i;:z;zy MEETING REPORT : .I.-.-' Y ::,:I :. &, .I7 ENGINEERING REPORT- : T, ...

  4. Capital Reporting Company Quadrenntial ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Quadrenntial Energy Review 04-21-2014 (866) 448 - DEPO www.CapitalReportingCompany.com 2014 1 NEW ENGLAND REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE CONSTRAINTS A Public Meeting on the Quadrennial...

  5. Capital Reporting Company Quadrennial ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    07-21-2014 (866) 448 - DEPO www.CapitalReportingCompany.com 2014 1 QUADRENNIAL ENERGY REVIEW PUBLIC MEETING 6 MONDAY, JULY 21, 2014 HELD AT: RASHID AUDITORIUM-HILLMAN CENTER...

  6. Capital Reporting Company Quadrennial ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    11-2014 (866) 448 - DEPO www.CapitalReportingCompany.com 2014 1 QUADRENNIAL ENERGY REVIEW PUBLIC MEETING 10: Infrastructure Constraints Monday, August 11, 2014 New Mexico State...

  7. The virtual oil company

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garibaldi, C.A.; Haney, R.M.; Ross, C.E. [Arthur D Little, Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-09-01

    In anticipation of continuing declines in upstream activity levels over the next 15 years, the virtual oil company model articulates a vision of fewer, leaner, but financially stronger firms that concentrate only on their core competencies and outsource the rest through well-structured partnering arrangements. Freed from the ``clutter,`` these leading companies will be in better position to focus on those opportunities that offer the potential for renewed reserve and revenue growth.

  8. Company and Industry Research guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    are going away, company buyouts, changing technology, along with other factors. In an age of downsizing

  9. Characteristics of Sn segregation in Ge/GeSn heterostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, H.; Chang, C.; Chen, T. P.; Cheng, H. H., E-mail: hhcheng@ntu.edu.tw [Center for Condensed Matter Sciences and Graduate Institute of Electronics Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Shi, Z. W.; Chen, H. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2014-10-13

    We report an investigation of Sn segregation in Ge/GeSn heterostructures occurred during the growth by molecular beam epitaxy. The measured Sn profile in the Ge layer shows that: (a) the Sn concentration decreases rapidly near the Ge/GeSn interface, and (b) when moving away from the interface, the Sn concentration reduced with a much slower rate. The 1/e decay lengths of the present system are much longer than those of the conventional group IV system of Ge segregation in the Si overlayer because of the smaller kinetic potential as modeled by a self-limited two-state exchange scheme. The demonstration of the Sn segregation shows the material characteristics of the heterostructure, which are needed for the investigation of its optical properties.

  10. CTu2J.4.pdf CLEO Technical Digest OSA 2012 Selective-Area Growth of Ge and Ge/SiGe Quantum Wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, David A. B.

    CTu2J.4.pdf CLEO Technical Digest © OSA 2012 Selective-Area Growth of Ge and Ge/SiGe Quantum Wells process for growing high-quality bulk Ge and Ge/SiGe quantum wells in selected areas of 3 µm thick silicon. Introduction and motivation Ge and especially Ge/SiGe quantum wells exhibit strong electroabsorption (Franz

  11. GE Partners on Microgrid Project | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    control platform which can be used to host intelligent grid management software for microgrids. A typical GE control platform which can be used to host intelligent grid management...

  12. GE Develops High Water Recovery Technology in China | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    purification industry SHANGHAI, September. 17, 2015 - A team of scientists led by the Coating and Membrane Technology Laboratory at GE's China Technology Center have successfully...

  13. GE Healthcare Product Guide 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    GE Healthcare BioProcess Product Guide 2007 #12;How to contact us Europe www.gehealthcare.com/bioprocess or by phone (T), fax (F), and Email Austria T: +43 1 57 606 1613 F: +43 1 57 606 1614 Email: cust.orderde@ge.com Belgium T: 0800 73890 F: 02 416 8206 Email: order.bnl@ge.com Central and East Europe (Austria) T: +43 1

  14. Magnetic Refrigeration | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and it will become hotter. Move it away (demagnetization) and the food cools down. GE researchers predict the cooling refrigerators could reduce energy consumption by 20%, in...

  15. Flexible Energy | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Opens in new window) Flexible Fuel Solutions Offer Efficient, Reliable Energy The world of power generation is evolving at lightning speed. GE is focused on staying one step...

  16. GE Energy Management Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GE Energy Management Ancillary Services Definitions and Capability Study Part 2, Tasks 3-4, Final Online Wind Plants & Frequency Responsive Load Reserves

  17. Feasibility Study Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    Feasibility Study Company Description: The ZZZZZ Office works with start-ups and established...realized with more than 15,000 employees. Short Project Name: Migrate small waste treatment system from Latin America houses which are built in areas where there is no sewer drain line. In order to covert black waters

  18. Company No: 3344784 COMPANIES ACTS 1985 TO 1989

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    have power: 1 As amended by Special Resolution passed on 1 December 2005 2 As amended by written company including any trading subsidiary of the Company establishedfor the purposesof raising funds for the objects of the Company PROVIDED THAT the activities of any such trading subsidiary should

  19. Stock Analysis with Correlation for Gasoline Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yi Xin

    2015-01-01

    with Correlation for Gasoline Companies A thesis submittedwith Correlation for Gasoline Companies by Yi Xin Sun Masterstudied to major gasoline companies based in United States.

  20. No Company Is An Island 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddox, A.

    1989-01-01

    No company is an island. Utilities and their industrial customers are discovering that collaboration can breed opportunity while isolation can lead to ruin. Inter company relationships have changed over recent years and HL&P and its customers...

  1. Information Systems Projects Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    from database. Company Description: We have been in business since January, 1970. Family ownedInformation Systems Projects Company Description: We are a successful small business that provides/fixes to our MS Access program. This will allow us to use the program more smoothly, etc. Company Description

  2. Low-voltage broad-band electroabsorption from thin Ge/SiGe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, David A. B.

    Low-voltage broad-band electroabsorption from thin Ge/SiGe quantum wells epitaxially grown than 5 dB over the entire telecommunication S- and C-bands with only 1V drive using a new Ge/SiGe QW epitaxy design approach; further, this is demonstrated with the thinnest Ge/SiGe epitaxy to date, using

  3. CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 COMM 102 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    GE 449# GE 110 Geological Engineering CE 271 GEOE 378 4TH YEAR 3RD YEAR 2ND YEAR 1ST YEAR or PHYS 128

  4. Oil and Gas Company Oil and Gas Company Address Place Zip Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Company Oil and Gas Company Address Place Zip Website Abu Dhabi National Oil Company Abu Dhabi National Oil Company Abu http www adnoc ae default aspx Al Furat Petroleum Company Al...

  5. JPL D-29392 Initial Release Phoenix PHX-214-096 May contain Caltech/JPL proprietary information and be subject to export control;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JPL D-29392 Initial Release Phoenix PHX-214-096 May contain Caltech/JPL proprietary information and be subject to export control; comply with all applicable U.S. export regulations. i Phoenix Project Archive and should not be relied on for official purposes. The current version is in the Phoenix Community Repository

  6. Miniaturized Turbine Offers Desalination Solution | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    salt from ice New solution draws from the GE Store, integrating GE's experience with steam turbine, oil & gas compressors, 3D printing and water processing NISKAYUNA, NY,...

  7. Energy Frontier Research Center | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    include GE Global Research, Yale University-Crabtree Group, Yale University-Batista Group, Stanford University and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. GE Global...

  8. Edison Summit Brings GE Leaders Together | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    We are ONE Edison Aisha Yousuf 2014.03.21 "We are ONE Edison" was the theme of the first GE Global Edison Summit held February 16-18, 2014 at Coronado Springs Resort in Orlando,...

  9. GE Researcher Explores Science Behind Movie Chappie | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    When Will We Have Robot Best Friends? A GE Researcher Explores the Science Behind Movie Magic Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new...

  10. CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 COMM 102 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    2005-2006 CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 COMM 102 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120 GEOL 245 MATH 223 CE 328 CE 212 CE 225 CE 295GE 213# MATH 224 GEOL 224 GEOE 218 GEOL 258 BusSci/HSS# GEOE 315 GEOE

  11. CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 COMM 102 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    2006-07 CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 COMM 102 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120 GEOL 245 MATH 223 CE 328 CE 212 CE 225 CE 295GE 213# MATH 224 GEOL 224 GEOE 218 GEOL 258 Hum/SocSci Jr. GEOE 315

  12. Outfits - Company E - 17 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-01-01

    -in and value Rentals 10% less than 30 days; Rentals: Rental rate 6.25% more than 30; interstate carriers 6.25% Corporate Franchises $2.50 Per $1,000 of taxable capital or or earned surplus, whichever 4.5% is greater. Motor Fuels 20? Gasoline: per gallon Fuel... content Malt Liquor 19.8? Per gallon Mixed Drinks 14% Receipt value (price) Passenger Drinks 5? Per serving Insurance Companies: Life, Accident & Health 1.75% Texas investments Property & Casualty 1.6 - 3.5% Texas investments Title 1.3 - 2.0% Texas...

  13. Company Level Imports Archives

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4Cubic Feet)Cubic1992 Consumption andRobertCompany

  14. Regional companies eye growth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAbout UsRegional companies eye growth Regional

  15. Company Level Imports

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural Gas ReservesAlabamaAboutTotalWhy I Chose EIA#N/A 2010Company

  16. Advanced Analytics | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GE Predictivity(tm) Industrial Internet Solutions Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window)...

  17. Company Name Company Name Address Place Zip Sector Product Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    operates a number of power stations including the largest coal fired power station in the world as well as the Koeberg nuclear power station Esmeralda Energy Company Esmeralda...

  18. Recommended GE Curriculum for the BSEE Majors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    Recommended GE Curriculum for the BSEE Majors Area Subjects Suggested GE Courses Courses Actual units GE Units A. Communication and Critical Thinking (9) A.2. Fund. of Communication ENGL 101 4 4 A.3, Theatre, Dance and Music and Film Select from the GE C.1 list in the SSU Catalog 3 3 C.2. Literature

  19. HSE 1 HSE 2 HSE 3 GE 1 GE 2 GE 3 Residual effects of Large Vessels in GE BOLD Differential Mapping of Ocular Dominance Columns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HSE 1 HSE 2 HSE 3 GE 1 GE 2 GE 3 Residual effects of Large Vessels in GE BOLD Differential Mapping the contamination of non-specific large vessel signals. Animal studies have used non- conventional functional minimizing the contributions of extravascular BOLD signals around large vessels due to the refocusing pulse

  20. Strained Si, SiGe, and Ge on-insulator: review of wafer bonding fabrication techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strained Si, SiGe, and Ge on-insulator: review of wafer bonding fabrication techniques Gianni was arranged by Prof. C.K. Maiti Abstract Techniques for fabricating strained Si, SiGe, and Ge on-insulator include SIMOX, Ge condensation and wafer bonding. In this paper, a brief introduction of each method

  1. GeSi intermixing in Ge quantum dots on Si,,001... and Si,,111... F. Boscherinia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge­Si intermixing in Ge quantum dots on Si,,001... and Si,,111... F. Boscherinia) Laboratori December 1999 Exploiting Ge K-edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy we provide direct evidence of Si­Ge intermixing in self-organized strained and unstrained Ge quantum dots on Si, and provide a quantitative

  2. Nonlithographic epitaxial SnxGe1x dense nanowire arrays grown on Ge,,001...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwater, Harry

    Nonlithographic epitaxial SnxGe1Àx dense nanowire arrays grown on Ge,,001... Regina Ragan-thick SnxGe1 x /Ge(001) epitaxial films with 0 x 0.085 by molecular-beam epitaxy. These films evolve during growth into a dense array of SnxGe1 x nanowires oriented along 001 , as confirmed by composition contrast

  3. Industry Analysis and Customer Segmentation Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    : A leading health care company, serving more than 75 million people worldwide. Our family of companiesIndustry Analysis and Customer Segmentation Company Description: Our company specializes will research geographic market share by brand/company. The final deliverable will be a prioritized list

  4. Real Estate Development Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    Real Estate Development Company Description: The largest specialty family footwear retailer America, the Caribbean and South America. Short Project Name: Competitive Analysis - Real Estate Positions to assist them in making recommendations for how our company should develop its real estate strategy

  5. Capital Markets Finance Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    quantitative and qualitative evidence to support your recommendation The first half of the semester. The team will perform a company-by-company analysis of industry participants (qualitative and quantitative-15 slide powerpoint presentation that highlights industry dynamics and a clear and unique investment thesis

  6. CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 GE 110 COMM 102 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    ND YEAR 1ST YEAR 3RD YEAR # These courses can be taken in either term.*must meet specific Hum/SocSci@# Bus Sci/HSS#Design Elec.#* T.E.*# T.E.*#GE 449# ME 314 or PHYS 128 or GEOL 121 4TH YEAR 2

  7. GE Energy Management Ancillary Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GE Energy Management Ancillary Services Definitions and Capability Study Part 1, Tasks 1-2, FinalRose Michael O'Connor Sundar Venkataraman Revision 1 Date: 12/19/2012 #12;Ancillary Services Definitions.................................................................................................................... 7 3.1 Task 1: Identify and define ancillary services needed for integration of new generation

  8. Deere & Company Energy Management Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darby, D. F.

    1981-01-01

    An overview of the Deere & Company Energy Management Program is discussed. A review is made of seven key elements which have contributed to the success of the program. Installed projects and established programs are identified and discussed...

  9. How companies can leverage crowdsourcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Sunny

    2012-01-01

    Crowdsourcing is an increasingly popular phenomenon where companies solicit the help of the public in helping accomplish some of the activities commonly performed by employees or contractors. These activities can range ...

  10. The valuation of construction companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sassine, Edmond, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    The main objective of this thesis is to study the valuation of construction companies in mergers and acquisitions. The thesis is divided into three main parts; Mergers and Acquisitions, Valuation, and a Case Study. Mergers ...

  11. PROBABILITY OF CORRECT SELECTION OF GAMMA VERSUS GE OR WEIBULL VERSUS GE BASED ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Debasis

    PROBABILITY OF CORRECT SELECTION OF GAMMA VERSUS GE OR WEIBULL VERSUS GE BASED ON LIKELIHOOD RATIO proposes the use of likelihood ratio statistic in choosing between gamma and GE models or between Weibull and GE models. Probability of correct selec- tions are obtained using Monte Carlo simulations for various

  12. Understanding and engineering of NiGe/Ge junction formed by phosphorus ion implantation after germanidation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oka, Hiroshi, E-mail: oka@asf.mls.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp; Minoura, Yuya; Hosoi, Takuji; Shimura, Takayoshi; Watanabe, Heiji [Department of Material and Life Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

    2014-08-11

    Modulation of the effective electron Schottky barrier height (eSBH) of NiGe/Ge contacts induced by phosphorus ion implantation after germanide formation was investigated by considering local inhomogeneity in the eSBH. Systematic studies of NiGe/Ge contact devices having various germanide thicknesses and ion implantation areas indicated the threshold dopant concentration at the NiGe/Ge interface required for eSBH modulation and negligible dopant diffusion even at NiGe/Ge interface during drive-in annealing, leading to variation in the eSBH between the bottom and sidewall portions of the NiGe regions. Consequently, this method makes it possible to design source/drain contacts with low-resistivity Ohmic and ideal rectifying characteristics for future Ge-based transistors.

  13. Eastern Kodak Company

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Y.S. Tyan

    2009-06-30

    Lighting consumes more than 20% of electricity generated in the United States. Solid state lighting relies upon either inorganic or organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). OLED devices because of their thinness, fast response, excellent color, and efficiency could become the technology of choice for future lighting applications, provided progress is made to increase power efficiency and device lifetime and to develop cost-effective manufacturing processes. As a first step in this process, Eastman Kodak Company has demonstrated an OLED device architecture having an efficacy over 50 lm/W that exceeds the specifications of DOE Energy Star Program Requirements for Solid State Lighting. The project included work designed to optimize an OLED device, based on a stacked-OLED structure, with performance parameters of: low voltage; improved light extraction efficiency; improved internal quantum efficiency; and acceptable lifetime. The stated goal for the end of the project was delivery of an OLED device architecture, suitable for development into successful commercial products, having over 50 lum/W power efficiency and 10,000 hours lifetime at 1000 cd/m{sup 2}. During the project, Kodak developed and tested a tandem hybrid IES device made with a fluorescent blue emitter, a phosphorescent yellow emitter, and a phosphorescent red emitter in a stacked structure. The challenge was to find low voltage materials that do not absorb excessive amounts of emitted light when the extraction enhancement structure is applied. Because an extraction enhancement structure forces the emitted light to travel several times through the OLED layers before it is emitted, it exacerbates the absorption loss. A variety of ETL and HTL materials was investigated for application in the low voltage SSL device structure. Several of the materials were found to successfully yield low operating device voltages without incurring excessive absorption loss when the extraction enhancement structure was applied. An internal extraction layer comprises two essential components: a light extraction element (LEE) that does the actual extraction of emitted light and a light coupling layer (LCL) that allows the emitted light to interact with the extraction element. Modeling results show that the optical index of the LCL needs to be high, preferably higher than that of the organic layers with an n value of {approx}1.8. In addition, since the OLED structure needs to be built on top of it the LCL needs to be physically and chemically benign. As the project concluded, our focus was on the tandem hybrid device, which proved to be the more efficient architecture. Cost-efficient device fabrication will provide the next challenges with this device architecture in order to allow this architecture to be commercialized.

  14. CHEM 114 GE 124 MATH 110 COMM 102GE 110 CHEM 115# GE 125 MATH 124 PHYS 155 GE 120

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Engineering * must meet specific requirements # These courses can be taken in either term. 2ND YEAR 3RD YEAR 4 431 Last editted Apr 4, 2006 ^offered in alternate years; take in either 3rd or 4th year CHEM 242TH YEAR 1ST YEAR CHE 422 CHE 232 HSS@# 2005-2006 or PHYS 128 or GEOL 121 or AB E 312 GE 300# CHE 332

  15. This document is the property of LifeSensors Inc. The proprietary ideas mentioned in the document are the subject of patent filings. This document

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    staff of your company. If you are not the intended recipient, you are hereby notified that any with an artificial N-terminus LifeSensors: Company Profile Founded in 1996, LifeSensors is a biotechnology company located 35 miles west of Philadelphia. LifeSensors technology platform is based on an important family

  16. ME 227 CE 212 MATH 223 GE 210 CMPT 116 ABE 211CHE 210 GE 213# MATH 224

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    GE 120 ME 227 CE 212 MATH 223 GE 210 CMPT 116 ABE 211CHE 210 GE 213# MATH 224 ABE 295 ABE 212 can be taken in either term. GE 124 MATH 110 MATH 124CHEM 115 PHYS 155 3RD YEAR GE 125 GE 110 COMM 102

  17. Purdue, GE Collaborate On Advanced Manufacturing | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgramExemptionsProteinTotal natural gasPurchase, Delivery,Purdue, GE to

  18. About GE Global Research Center | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of raregovAboutRecovery Act Recovery ActARM OverviewAbout GE Global Research

  19. GE Scientists Experiment With Texas BBQ | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article)Forthcoming UpgradesArea:Benefits ofofStackOn thePower ofGE

  20. PRELIMINARY REPORT PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forschungsgemeinschaft (Federal Republic of Germany) Institut Français de Recherche pour 1'Exploitation de la Mer (France, Switzerland, and Turkey) Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed (Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Agricolastr. 10, 3392 Clausthal, Federal Republic of Germany) Jean

  1. Sandia Proprietary Information PII

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque AlbuquerqueCybernetics:Defense SystemsWorkingZ-Machine AboutBRU

  2. Sandia Proprietary Information PII

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque AlbuquerqueCybernetics:Defense SystemsWorkingZ-Machine

  3. Sandia Proprietary Information PII

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque AlbuquerqueCybernetics:Defense SystemsWorkingZ-MachinePRO

  4. Natural gas annual 1993 supplement: Company profiles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-02-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. This report, the Natural Gas Annual 1993 Supplement: Company Profiles, presents a detailed profile of 45 selected companies in the natural gas industry. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the companies profiled. The companies in this report are interstate pipeline companies or local distribution companies (LDC`s). Interstate pipeline companies acquire gas supplies from company owned production, purchases from producers, and receipts for transportation for account of others. Pipeline systems, service area maps, company supply and disposition data are presented.

  5. Photoconductivity of Si/Ge multilayer structures with Ge quantum dots pseudomorphic to the Si matrix

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talochkin, A. B., E-mail: tal@thermo.isp.nsc.ru; Chistokhin, I. B. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

    2011-07-15

    Longitudinal photoconductivity spectra of Si/Ge multilayer structures with Ge quantum dots grown pseudomorphically to the Si matrix are studied. Lines of optical transitions between hole levels of quantum dots and Si electronic states are observed. This allowed us to construct a detailed energy-level diagram of electron-hole levels of the structure. It is shown that hole levels of pseudomorphic Ge quantum dots are well described by the simplest 'quantum box' model using actual sizes of Ge islands. The possibility of controlling the position of the long-wavelength photosensitivity edge by varying the growth parameters of Si/Ge structures with Ge quantum dots is determined.

  6. Chevron, GE form Technology Alliance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D BGene NetworkNuclear SecurityChattanChemistry ofNanChevron, GE form

  7. Advanced Analytics | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge KiosksAboutHelp & Reference Users AdvAncedGE

  8. Energy Management at Deere & Company 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, M. P.

    1979-01-01

    Deere & Company appreciates the opportunity to discuss energy management and conservation with you. Energy is a topic that will occupy our thoughts for many years to come and certainly will be in the forefront in the near future. It is a subject...

  9. GE Global Research in San Ramon, California

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Careers Leadership Programs What's new in San Ramon Ars Technica: Analyzing the Internet of Things GE Unveils High-Speed Network Infrastructure to Connect Machines, Data...

  10. MOSFET Channel Engineering using Strained Si, SiGe, and Ge Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzgerald, Eugene A.

    Biaxial tensile strained Si grown on SiGe virtual substrates will be incorporated into future generations of CMOS technology due to the lack of performance increase with scaling. Compressively strained Ge-rich alloys with ...

  11. Southern Company: DOE Smart Grid RFI Addressing Policy and Logistical...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Southern Company: DOE Smart Grid RFI Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Southern Company: DOE Smart Grid RFI Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Southern Company:...

  12. PP-221 Detroit Edison Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PP-221 Detroit.pdf More Documents & Publications PP-228 Edison Sault Electric Company PP-230-4 International Transmission Company PP-76 The Vermont Electric Transmission Company...

  13. Natural gas annual 1992: Supplement: Company profiles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The data for the Natural Gas Annual 1991 Supplement : Company Profiles are taken from Form EIA-176, (open quotes) Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition (close quotes). Other sources include industry literature and corporate annual reports to shareholders. The companies appearing in this report are major interstate natural gas pipeline companies, large distribution companies, or combination companies with both pipeline and distribution operations. The report contains profiles of 45 corporate families. The profiles describe briefly each company, where it operates, and any important issues that the company faces. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the 45 large companies profiled.

  14. Premier Access Insurance Company Certificate of Insurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    Premier Access Insurance Company Certificate of Insurance Policy/Group Number: 3725 We certify provided by Premier Access Insurance Company for You and Your eligible Dependents. All terms and benefits...................................................... Family Deductible Amount

  15. Company Name Company Name Address Place Zip Sector Product Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open EnergyColoradoBiomassPlus Jump

  16. Energy Audit Helps Small Company Stay Competitive

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The recommended improvements are saving the West Linn Paper Company in Oregon an annual cost of about $380,000.

  17. UNDERSTANDING OUR COMPANY AN IBM PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a company or planned venture so that individuals can make informed decisions. Fully understanding the future lay in consolidation, and chose to bulk up. And then some companies just concluded that their core confidence in IBM's future. We have done much in recent years to transform our company. In a number

  18. Modeling of GE Appliances: Final Presentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuller, Jason C.; Vyakaranam, Bharat; Leistritz, Sean M.; Parker, Graham B.

    2013-01-31

    This report is the final in a series of three reports funded by U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE-OE) in collaboration with GE Appliances’ through a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to describe the potential of GE Appliances’ DR-enabled appliances to provide benefits to the utility grid.

  19. GE Turbine Parts www.edisonmachine.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    GE Turbine Parts www.edisonmachine.com New authentic GE and Westinghouse Turbine Parts Muscle cars vehicle: Has the code for a hydrogen car been cracked? World-first working eukaryotic cell mad from's smallest windmills to power cell phones 1/17/2014http://www.gizmag.com/worlds-smallest-windmill-energy

  20. Growing from the Middle | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Companies here span a tremendous range of industries - from fitness clubs and real estate developers, to semiconductor device manufacturers and energy service providers....

  1. Illinois Company Implementing Solar Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    J.F. Family Limited Partnership has been awarded $191,000 through the Recovery Act toward the use of solar energy at its Lakefront Parkway property in Edwardsville, Ill., which is the company headquarters for J.F. Electric Inc. The funding will be used to install a 75-kW solar photovoltaic system on the building’s roof, creating electricity on-site and creating or saving a total of 14 jobs.

  2. Growth and characterization of isotopically enriched [sup 70]Ge and [sup 74]Ge single crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Itoh, K.

    1992-10-01

    Isotopically enriched [sup 70]Ge and [sup 74]Ge single crystals were successfully gown by a newly developed vertical Bridgman method. The system allows us to reliably grow high purity Ge single crystals of approximately 1 cm[sup 3] volume. To our knowledge, we have grown the first [sup 70]Ge single crystal. The electrically active chemical impurity concentration for both crystals was found to be [approximately]2 [times] cm[sup [minus]3] which is two order of magnitude better that of [sup 74]Ge crystals previously grown by two different groups. Isotopic enrichment of the [sup 70]Ge and the [sup 74]Ge crystals is 96.3% and 96.8%, respectively. The residual chemical impurities present in both crystals were identified as phosphorus, copper, aluminum, and indium. A wide variety of experiments which take advantage of the isotopic purity of our crystals are discussed.

  3. Growth and characterization of isotopically enriched {sup 70}Ge and {sup 74}Ge single crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Itoh, K.

    1992-10-01

    Isotopically enriched {sup 70}Ge and {sup 74}Ge single crystals were successfully gown by a newly developed vertical Bridgman method. The system allows us to reliably grow high purity Ge single crystals of approximately 1 cm{sup 3} volume. To our knowledge, we have grown the first {sup 70}Ge single crystal. The electrically active chemical impurity concentration for both crystals was found to be {approximately}2 {times} cm{sup {minus}3} which is two order of magnitude better that of {sup 74}Ge crystals previously grown by two different groups. Isotopic enrichment of the {sup 70}Ge and the {sup 74}Ge crystals is 96.3% and 96.8%, respectively. The residual chemical impurities present in both crystals were identified as phosphorus, copper, aluminum, and indium. A wide variety of experiments which take advantage of the isotopic purity of our crystals are discussed.

  4. Monolithic Ge-on-Si lasers for integrated photonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jifeng

    We report room temperature Ge-on-Si lasers with direct gap emission at 1590-1610 nm. Modeling of Ge/Si double heterojunction structures, which is supported by experimental results of Ge/Si LEDs, indicates the feasibility ...

  5. Is there a risk from not using GE animals?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, James D.; Maga, Elizabeth A.

    2010-01-01

    Is there a risk from not using GE animals? James D. Murray •rst genetically engi- neered (GE) plants and animals forthe debate often focuses on GE as a technique that is used

  6. Xergy Ships First Breakthrough Water Heater Compressor to GE...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Xergy Ships First Breakthrough Water Heater Compressor to GE Xergy Ships First Breakthrough Water Heater Compressor to GE September 15, 2015 - 3:41pm Addthis Xergy Inc. and GE...

  7. Passionate Technologists Wanted at ASME Turbo Expo|GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    who want to learn more about GE and its global Research Centers. For this purpose, the Aero & Thermal Systems groups of GE Global Research and representatives from several GE...

  8. Ge-on-Si laser for silicon photonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camacho-Aguilera, Rodolfo Ernesto

    2013-01-01

    Ge-on-Si devices are explored for photonic integration. Importance of Ge in photonics has grown and through techniques developed in our group we demonstrated low density of dislocations (<1x109cm-2) and point defects Ge ...

  9. THE HIGH-END VIRTUALIZATION COMPANY SERVER AGGREGATION CREATING THE POWER OF ONE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    . Simplify. Save. Nir Paikowsky Director of Application Engineering 10/14/20091 Virtual SMP with vSMP Foundation for Cloud #12;Aggregate. Scale. Simplify. Save. Confidential and Proprietary Agenda 1. PERFORMANCE 4/14/2010 2 #12;Aggregate. Scale. Simplify. Save. Confidential and Proprietary INTRODUCTION 4

  10. Company Name Company Name Address Place Zip Product Website Region

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open EnergyColoradoBiomassPlus Jump to:OpenInc CPIde

  11. Company Name Company Name Address Place Zip Sector Product Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open EnergyColoradoBiomassPlus Jump to:OpenInc CPIdeSoltech

  12. Company Name Company Name Address Place Zip Sector Product Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open EnergyColoradoBiomassPlus Jump to:OpenInc

  13. Company Name Company Name Address Place Zip Sector Product Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open EnergyColoradoBiomassPlus Jump to:OpenIncEnergy Ltd A A

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Understanding of interface structures and reaction mechanisms induced by Ge or GeO diffusion in Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ge structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shibayama, Shigehisa [Department of Crystalline Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan) [Department of Crystalline Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan); JSPS, 5-3-1 Kojimachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0083 (Japan); Kato, Kimihiko; Sakashita, Mitsuo; Takeuchi, Wakana; Taoka, Noriyuki; Nakatsuka, Osamu; Zaima, Shigeaki [Department of Crystalline Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan)] [Department of Crystalline Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan)

    2013-08-19

    The reaction mechanisms at Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ge interfaces with thermal oxidation through the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer have been investigated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals that an Al{sub 6}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 13} layer is formed near the interface, and a GeO{sub 2} layer is formed on the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} surface, suggesting Ge or GeO diffusion from the Ge surface. It is also clarified that the Al{sub 6}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 13} layer is formed by the different mechanism with a small activation energy of 0.2 eV, compared with the GeO{sub 2} formation limited by oxygen diffusion. Formation of Al-O-Ge bonds due to the AlGeO formation could lead appropriate interface structures with high interface qualities.

  2. Enhancement of thermal stability and water resistance in yttrium-doped GeO{sub 2}/Ge gate stack

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Cimang, E-mail: cimang@adam.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Hyun Lee, Choong; Zhang, Wenfeng; Nishimura, Tomonori; Nagashio, Kosuke; Toriumi, Akira [Department of Materials Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); JST, CREST, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

    2014-03-03

    We have systematically investigated the material and electrical properties of yttrium-doped GeO{sub 2} (Y-GeO{sub 2}) on Germanium (Ge). A significant improvement of both thermal stability and water resistance were demonstrated by Y-GeO{sub 2}/Ge stack, compared to that of pure GeO{sub 2}/Ge stack. The excellent electrical properties of Y-GeO{sub 2}/Ge stacks with low D{sub it} were presented as well as enhancement of dielectric constant in Y-GeO{sub 2} layer, which is beneficial for further equivalent oxide thickness scaling of Ge gate stack. The improvement of thermal stability and water resistance are discussed both in terms of the Gibbs free energy lowering and network modification of Y-GeO{sub 2}.

  3. Testimonials - Partnerships in Fuel Cells - GE Global Research...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fuel Cells - GE Global Research Testimonials - Partnerships in Fuel Cells - GE Global Research Addthis An error occurred. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable...

  4. Work & Life at San Ramon | GE Global Research

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    new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Employee Organizations GE Software Women's Network TBD Celebrations GE Software Technology Conference This event allows...

  5. Rocket Science? No, It's Harder | GE Global Research

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    says Juan Albeniz, Business Program Manager, Oil & Gas at GE Global Research Europe. Juan Albeniz, Business Program Manager, Oil & Gas at GE Global Research, Europe Juan...

  6. ME 227 CE 212 MATH 223 GE 210 CMPT 116 ABE 211CHE 210 GE 213# MATH 224

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    GE 120 ME 227 CE 212 MATH 223 GE 210 CMPT 116 ABE 211CHE 210 GE 213# MATH 224 ABE 295 ABE 212Elective* Elective* AB E 311 ABE 313 ABE 312 GE 348#ABE 323 co-requisite ABE 327 HSS#@ HSS#@ ABE 324 GE 300# ABE 395 4TH YEAR ABE Elec* ABE Elec* ABE Elec*ABE 422 GE 449# Ag Elec* T.E.* T.E.* ABE Elec* Ag Elec

  7. Thermal conductivity of sputtered amorphous Ge films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhan, Tianzhuo; Xu, Yibin; Goto, Masahiro; Tanaka, Yoshihisa; Kato, Ryozo; Sasaki, Michiko; Kagawa, Yutaka [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305-0047 (Japan)] [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305-0047 (Japan)

    2014-02-15

    We measured the thermal conductivity of amorphous Ge films prepared by magnetron sputtering. The thermal conductivity was significantly higher than the value predicted by the minimum thermal conductivity model and increased with deposition temperature. We found that variations in sound velocity and Ge film density were not the main factors in the high thermal conductivity. Fast Fourier transform patterns of transmission electron micrographs revealed that short-range order in the Ge films was responsible for their high thermal conductivity. The results provide experimental evidences to understand the underlying nature of the variation of phonon mean free path in amorphous solids.

  8. Energy band alignment of atomic layer deposited HfO{sub 2} oxide film on epitaxial (100)Ge, (110)Ge, and (111)Ge layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hudait, Mantu K.; Zhu Yan [Advanced Devices and Sustainable Energy Laboratory (ADSEL), Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)

    2013-03-21

    Crystallographically oriented epitaxial Ge layers were grown on (100), (110), and (111)A GaAs substrates by in situ growth process using two separate molecular beam epitaxy chambers. The band alignment properties of atomic layer hafnium oxide (HfO{sub 2}) film deposited on crystallographically oriented epitaxial Ge were investigated using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Valence band offset, {Delta}E{sub v} values of HfO{sub 2} relative to (100)Ge, (110)Ge, and (111)Ge orientations were 2.8 eV, 2.28 eV, and 2.5 eV, respectively. Using XPS data, variation in valence band offset, {Delta}E{sub V}(100)Ge>{Delta}E{sub V}(111)Ge>{Delta}E{sub V}(110)Ge, was obtained related to Ge orientation. Also, the conduction band offset, {Delta}E{sub c} relation, {Delta}E{sub c}(110)Ge>{Delta}E{sub c}(111)Ge>{Delta}E{sub c}(100)Ge related to Ge orientations was obtained using the measured bandgap of HfO{sub 2} on each orientation and with the Ge bandgap of 0.67 eV. These band offset parameters for carrier confinement would offer an important guidance to design Ge-based p- and n-channel metal-oxide field-effect transistor for low-power application.

  9. Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table 1.101Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes

  10. GE Appliances: Order (2010-CE-2113)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order after entering into a Compromise Agreement with General Electric Appliances after finding GE Appliances had failed to certify that certain models of dehumidifiers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  11. Researching NDE, Additive Manufacturing |GE Global Research

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    I never thought I would get the incredible opportunity to become a summer intern at the GE Global Research Center, amongst such brilliant and tenacious individuals. I have been...

  12. GE's Christine Furstoss Named to NACIE

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    in Niskayuna, NY, Christine is responsible for working with both R&D leaders at GE's industrial businesses and with strategic partners to set strategy for growth, and to...

  13. Enforcement Letter, Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Company related to a Repetitive Problem with Instrument Operability at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory On August 4, 1998, the U.S. Department of Energy...

  14. POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT DELMARVA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT between DELMARVA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY ("Buyer") and BLUEWATER WIND 3.5 Energy Forecasts, Scheduling and Balancing.......................................... 39 3

  15. Gov. Inslee honors Washington industrial companies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    leaders were joined by executives and staff from industrial companies, utilities and energy efficiency organizations at the ceremony. "It was rewarding to hear Gov. Inslee,...

  16. Inland Power & Light Company - Agricultural Energy Efficiency...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    70% or project cost Program Info Sector Name Utility Administrator Inland Power & Light Company Website http:www.inlandpower.comcustomercarec.php?id190 State Washington...

  17. Be a part of something bigger than yourself GE Healthcare

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    Rimon, Elon

    Be a part of something bigger than yourself GE Healthcare Position: Mechanical Engineer as a contractor · Working at GE site at Tirat-Carmel. · Start: immediately · Duration 6-10 months, with optional elongation. ElgemsMoked@ge.com-CV www.gehealthcare.com We are GE Healthcare, a $17 billion division

  18. Honda motor company's CVCC engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abernathy, W.J.; Ronan, L.

    1980-07-01

    Honda Motor Company of Japan in a four-year period from 1968 to 1872 designed, tested, and mass-produced a stratified charge engine, the CVCC, which in comparison to conventional engines of similar output at the time was lower in CO, HC and NO/sub x/ emissions and higher in fuel economy. Honda developed the CVCC engine without government assistance or outside help. Honda's success came at a time when steadily increasing fuel costs and the various provisions of the Clean Air Act had forced US automakers to consider possible alternatives to the conventional gasoline engine. While most major engine manufacturers had investigated some form of stratified charge engine, Honda's CVCC was the only one to find successful market application. This case study examines the circumstances surrounding the development of the CVCC engine and its introduction into the Japanese and American markets.

  19. UC IRVINE GENERAL EDUCATION (GE) REQUIREMENT AND APPROVED GE COURSES, 201213 Includes course titles and Schedule of Classes designations

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    Loudon, Catherine

    UC IRVINE GENERAL EDUCATION (GE) REQUIREMENT AND APPROVED GE COURSES, 2012­13 Includes course titles and Schedule of Classes designations GENERAL EDUCATION (GE) REQUIREMENT UCI is committed undergraduates complete a set of general education (GE) requirements. General education courses introduce

  20. 2009-10 Princeton Global Scholar Ge Zhaoguang. Professor Ge is the founding director of the National Institute for Advanced

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    2009-10 Princeton Global Scholar Ge Zhaoguang. Professor Ge is the founding director, and emendation of all sorts of newly discovered texts (mostly found at archaeological sites). Professor Ge University, Professor Ge taught at Tsinghua University for a number of years. He is known for many important

  1. Measurement of the direct energy gap of coherently strained SnxGe1x Ge,,001... heterostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwater, Harry

    Measurement of the direct energy gap of coherently strained SnxGe1Àx ÕGe,,001... heterostructures The direct energy gap has been measured for coherently strained SnxGe1 x alloys on Ge 001 substrates with 0 for coherently strained SnxGe1 x alloys indicates a large alloy contribution and a small strain contribution

  2. GE Advising & Registration Students FT Faculty PT Faculty Admin Unit 4 Other Staff Students have access to quality GE advising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    GE Advising & Registration Students FT Faculty PT Faculty Admin Unit 4 Other Staff Students have access to quality GE advising 9% 13% 11% 13% 10% 8% Faculty can easily advise students on GE requirements 10% 18% 9% 24% 33% 11% Staff academic advisors can easily advise students on GE requirements 8% 11

  3. Relaxation and recombination processes in Ge/SiGe multiple quantum wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gatti, E., E-mail: gatti@mater.unimib.it; Giorgioni, A., E-mail: gatti@mater.unimib.it; Grilli, E., E-mail: gatti@mater.unimib.it; Guzzi, M., E-mail: gatti@mater.unimib.it [L-NESS and Università di Milano-Bicocca, Dip. di Scienza dei Materiali, via Cozzi 53, 20125 Milano (Italy); Chrastina, D.; Isella, G. [L-NESS and Politecnico di Milano, Dip. di Fisica, via Anzani 42, 22100 Como (Italy); Chernikov, A.; Kolata, K.; Bornwasser, V.; Köster, N. S.; Woscholski, R.; Chatterjee, S. [Faculty of Physics and Materials Sciences Center, Philipps-Universität, Renthof 5, 35032 Marburg (Germany)

    2013-12-04

    The carrier dynamics that occurs in Ge/SiGe QWs when electrons are excited to confined states at ? is studied by means of optical spectroscopy at different lattice temperatures. The typical times for the different relaxation and recombination processes are given and discussed.

  4. Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 September 2014 #12;Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Contents Page Strategic number 58579551 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Strategic Report For the year ended 30 September 2014

  5. Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 September 2012 #12;Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Contents Page Directors Trust Finance plc Directors' Report for the year ended 30 September 2012 Report of the Directors

  6. Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Annual Report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 September 2013 #12;Company number 5857955 Wellcome Trust Finance plc Contents Page Directors Trust Finance plc Directors' Report For the year ended 30 September 2013 Report of the Directors

  7. Woodrow (Woody) K. Shiflett Chevron Products Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    Woodrow (Woody) K. Shiflett Chevron Products Company Moving Innovation into the Marketplace&D program, and deriving value from it, offers all the challenges of managing your family's investment study specific to a catalyst enterprise joint venture company and illustrates the value of using stage

  8. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    it without permission. 14-54 14-93 Air is cooled and dehumidified at constant pressure. The cooling required in the components of the refrigeration cycle: kJ1519KkJ/kg)39189.04045.0)(K305)(kg395()( kJ1609 K305 kJ350,66 Kk

  9. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

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    to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using is to be reduced by planting cylindrical copper fillings throughout. The thermal resistance of the epoxy board be treated as being infinitely long when dealing with heat transfer at locations far from the top or bottom

  10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

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    it without permission. 10-86 10-85 A combined gas-steam power cycle uses a simple gas turbine for the topping

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    it without permission. 10-99 10-97E A geothermal power plant operating on the simple Rankine cycle using an organic fluid as the working fluid is considered. The exit temperature of the geothermal water from

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    it without permission. 9-59 9-80E An ideal Stirling engine with air as the working fluid is consideredRT P 9-81 An ideal Stirling engine with air as the working fluid operates between specified pressure. The temperature of the source-energy reservoir, the amount of air contained in the engine, and the maximum air

  13. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

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    it without permission. 11-47 11-61 A two-evaporator compression refrigeration cycle with refrigerant-134a as the working fluid is considered. The cooling rate of the high-temperature evaporator, the power required The mass flow rate through the low-temperature evaporator is found by kg/s05757.0 kJ/kg)47.95(234.44 kJ/s8

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    it without permission. 10-95 10-90 A combined gas-steam power plant is considered. The topping cycle is a gas-turbine of the low-pressure turbine, the steam temperature at the inlet of the high-pressure turbine, and the thermal Steam turbine Gas turbine Condenser pump 5 4 7 8 9 10 11 Combustion chamber Compressor Heat exchanger

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    C as the heat source. The mass flow rate of steam through the turbine, the isentropic efficiency of the turbine flow rate of steam through the turbine is kg/s38.20 kg/s)230)(1661.0(123 mxm (b) Turbine: kJ/kg7 production well reinjection well separator steam turbine 1 condenser 2 3 4 5 6 Flash chamber #12;

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    from the steam turbine and the binary cycle, and the thermal efficiencies for the binary cycle from the steam turbine and the binary cycle are kW15,410 kJ/kg)7.23448.1kJ/kg)(27438.19()( 433steamT,binarynet, 98isoT, inp iso wmWW hhmW steam turbine production well reinjection well isobutane turbine heat

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    it without permission. 10-103 10-151 An ice chest made of 10-cm thick styrofoam is initially filled with 45 of the ice chest is negligible. Properties The thermal conductivity of styrofoam is given to be k = 0.033 W

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    TT P Enthalpies at other states and the fractions of steam extracted from the turbines can it without permission. 10-109 10-104 A steam power plant operating on the ideal reheat-regenerative Rankine and the expansion processes in the turbines are isentropic. Also, the state of water at the inlet of pumps

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    it without permission. 6-35 6-52 Steam expands in a turbine. The change in kinetic energy, the power output, and the turbine inlet area are to be determined. Assumptions 1 This is a steady-flow process since m m m1 2 . We take the turbine as the system, which is a control volume since mass crosses

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    it without permission. 5-31 5-49 Steam expands in a turbine. The change in kinetic energy, the power output, and the turbine inlet area are to be determined. Assumptions 1 This is a steady-flow process since the turbine as the system, which is a control volume since mass crosses the boundary. The energy balance

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    it without permission. 6-61 6-84 Steam is condensed by cooling water in the condenser of a power plant.12357.50.95251.42 95.0 kPa20 kPa20@f4 4 33 3 3 # ¿ ¾ ½ u ¿ ¾ ½ hh P hxhh x P fgf Analysis We take the heat exchanger systemoutin and 0Ê Energy balance (for the heat exchanger): 0)peke(since 0 44223311 outin energiesetc

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    C as the heat source. The power output from the turbine, the thermal efficiency of the plant, the exergy of the geothermal liquid at the exit of the flash chamber, and the exergy destructions and exergy efficiencies conditions exist. 2 Kinetic and potential energy changes are negligible. Analysis (a) We use properties

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    The properties of helium are cp = 5.1926 kJ/kg.K and R = 2.0769 kJ/kg.K (Table A-1). Analysis The entropy change R T T css p The maximum (reversible) work is the exergy difference between the inlet and exit states, the maximum work output is determined from the rate form of the exergy balance applied on the turbine

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    . The exit temperature of air and the exergy destroyed during the process are to be determined. Assumptions 1- 17) KkJ/kg8219.1 kJ/kg40.338K338 o 1 11 s hT Analysis (a) We take the nozzle as the system, which At this h2 value we read, from Table A-17, KkJ/kg7251.1andK307.0 o 22 sT C34.0= (b) The exergy destroyed

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    .3658 C600 MPa6 1 1 1 1 s h T P KkJ/kg6953.7 kJ/kg4.2682 C100 kPa50 2 2 2 2 s h T P Analysis is determined from the rate form of the exergy balance applied on the turbine and setting the exergy destruction

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    power output and the rate of exergy destruction are to be determined. Assumptions 1 This is a steady 44 44 4 4 fgf fgf sxss hxhh x P Analysis We take the entire turbine, excluding the reheat The reversible (or maximum) power output is determined from the rate form of the exergy balance applied

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    Bahrami, Majid

    , the isentropic efficiency, and the exergy destroyed within the nozzle are to be determined. Assumptions 1 2 12 2 s s s h ss P Analysis (a) We take the nozzle to be the system, which is a control 2 s N V V (c) The exergy destroyed during a process can be determined from an exergy balance

  8. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    all the liquid is vaporized. The amount of steam that entered the cylinder and the exergy destroyedPa300@22 g g ss hhP KkJ/kg1292.7 kJ/kg4.3248 C400 MPa2 i i i i s h T P Analysis (a) We take.24364.3248( 1 2 1 2 m hh hh m i i Thus, kg8.27 1527.2312 mmmi (b) The exergy destroyed during a process

  9. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    of exergy destruction during this process are to be determined. Assumptions 1 Steady operating conditions of water at room temperature is 4.18 kJ/kg.C (Table A-3). Analysis (a) Chickens are droppedºkJ/kg.º(4.18 kW13.33 )( water water water Tc Q m p (b) The exergy destruction can be determined

  10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    and potential energy changes are negligible. 5 There are no work interactions. Analysis (a) The steam in tank T Q SSS BABA The work potential wasted is equivalent to the exergy destroyed during a process, which can be determined from an exergy balance or directly from its definition gen0destroyed STX , kJ337 )k

  11. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    by a paddle-wheel. The mass of the iron block and the exergy destroyed during this process temperature (the only value available in the tables) is cp = 0.45 kJ/kg.C (Table A-3). Analysis We take iron C)20C)(24kJ/kgkg)(4.187.99(C)85C)(24kJ/kg45.0(=kJ240 m m (b) The exergy destruction (or

  12. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    of exergy destruction, and the second-law efficiency are to be determined. Assumptions 1 Steady operating = 1.063 kJ/kg.K (Table A-2). Analysis (a) We denote the inlet and exit states of exhaust gases by (1.830.2792(C)350400(C)kJ/kg3kg/s)(1.068.0( )()( 3421 4231 (b) The specific exergy changes of each stream

  13. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    this process can be accomplished and the exergy destroyed are to be determined. Assumptions 1 The kinetic process is quasi-equilibrium. Analysis (a) From the steam tables (Tables A-4 through A-6), KkJ/kg1.3609= k work input Wrev,in in this case can be determined from the exergy balance by setting the exergy

  14. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    temperature. The mass flow rate of R-134a, the COP, The exergy destruction in each component and the exergy efficiency of the compressor, the second-law efficiency, and the exergy destruction are to be determined. Analysis (a) The properties of R-134a are (Tables A-11 through A-13) KkJ/kg4244.0 kJ/kg77.117 0 MPa2.1 Kk

  15. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    in the tank is maintained constant. The amount of heat transfer, the reversible work, and the exergy fe fee f f f ss hhT ss uu T vv Analysis We take the tank as the system, which is a control volume this Manual, you are using it without permission. 8-70 (b) The exergy destroyed during a process can

  16. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    as shown in the figure is considered. The change in the exergy of the air in the tank and the work required.4 (Table A-2a). Analysis The initial mass of air in the tank is kg105946.0 K)K)(293/kgmkPa287.0( )m10k.6 )()()()(1 6 68 101101 0 rev ssThumssThum T T QW fffiii R This is the exergy change of the air stored

  17. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    it without permission. 5-70 5-91 Carbon steel balls are to be annealed at a rate of 2500/h by heating them(outballout QnQ Steel balls, 900qC Air, 35qC Furnace #12;

  18. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    it without permission. 8-122 8-168 Liquid water is heated in a chamber by mixing it with superheated steamQ Solving for m2 and substituting, the mass flow rate of the superheated steam is determined to be #12. For a specified mixing temperature, the mass flow rate of the steam and the rate of entropy generation

  19. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    it without permission. 3-28 3-59 Superheated steam in a piston-cylinder device is cooled at constant pressure

  20. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    it without permission. 10-70 10-74 A cogeneration plant is to generate power and process heat. Part power produced and the utilization factor of the plant are to be determined. Assumptions 1 Steady

  1. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    it without permission. 10-73 10-77 A cogeneration plant modified with regeneration is to generate power

  2. Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station IGCC project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, S.D.

    1995-12-31

    Tampa Electric Company (TEC) is in the construction phase of its new Polk Power Station Unit No. 1. This unique project incorporates the use of Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology for electric power production. The project is being partially funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE), as part of the Clean Coal Technology Program. This will help to demonstrate this state-of-the-art technology, providing utilities with the ability to use a wide range of coals in an efficient, environmentally superior manner. During the summer of 1994, TEC began site development at the new Polk Power Station. Since that time, most of the Site work has been completed, and erection and installation of the power plant equipment is well underway. This is the first time that IGCC technology will be installed at a new unit at a greenfield site. This is a major endeavor for TEC in that Polk Unit No. 1 is a major addition to the existing generating capacity and it involves the demonstration of technology new to utility power generation. As a part of the Cooperative Agreement with the DOE, TEC will also be demonstrating the use of a new Hot Gas Clean-Up System which has a potential for greater IGCC efficiency.

  3. Ge/SiGe quantum wells on Si(111): Growth, structural, and optical properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gatti, E., E-mail: eleonora.gatti@mater.unimib.it; Pezzoli, F.; Grilli, E. [L-NESS and Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali, Università di Milano Bicocca, via Cozzi 55, I-20125 Milano (Italy); Isa, F.; Chrastina, D.; Isella, G. [L-NESS and Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano, Polo di Como, via Anzani 42, I - 22100 Como (Italy); Müller Gubler, E. [Electron Microscopy Center of ETH Zürich (EMEZ), August-Piccard-Hof 1, CH-8093 Zürich (Switzerland)

    2014-07-28

    The epitaxial growth of Ge/Si{sub 0.15}Ge{sub 0.85} multiple quantum wells (MQWs) on Si(111) substrates is demonstrated. A 3??m thick reverse, double-step virtual substrate with a final composition of Si{sub 0.10}Ge{sub 0.90} has been employed. High resolution XRD, TEM, AFM and defect etching analysis has been used for the study of the structural properties of the buffer and of the QWs. The QW stack is characterized by a threading dislocation density of about 3?×?10{sup 7?}cm{sup ?2} and an interdiffusion layer at the well/barrier interface of 2.1?nm. The quantum confined energy levels of this system have been calculated using the k·p and effective mass approximation methods. The Ge/Si{sub 0.15}Ge{sub 0.85} MQWs have been characterized through absorption and photoluminescence measurements. The optical spectra have been compared with those of Ge/Si{sub 0.15}Ge{sub 0.85} QWs grown on Si(001) through a thick graded virtual substrate.

  4. Optical Link on Silicon Employing Ge/SiGe Quantum Well Structures Onur Fidaner, Ali K. Okyay, Jonathan E. Roth, Rebecca K. Scheavitz, Yu-Hsuan Kuo*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, David A. B.

    Optical Link on Silicon Employing Ge/SiGe Quantum Well Structures Onur Fidaner, Ali K. Okyay University, Taipei, Taiwan Abstract: We demonstrate an optical link on silicon employing Ge/SiGe quantum well of the quantum-confined Stark effect (QCSE) on silicon using Ge/SiGe quantum wells opened up the possibility

  5. Post-Acquisition Integration: The Cultural Side of the Ferguson Paper Company, Inc. Acquisition of Seastrand Oil Company, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beadleston, Scott K.

    2008-12-19

    services, and expand opportunities for employees. Feedback from Ferguson Paper Company, Inc.’s 2003 acquisition of Seastrand Oil Company, Inc. (SOC)—Ferguson Paper Company, Inc.’s largest acquisition—could provide essential information to improve Ferguson...

  6. Does the location of a company’s global headquarters have an influence on its climate change awareness? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Zao

    This paper studies whether the location of a company’s global headquarters has an influence on its climate change awareness. The global headquarters hosting business elites from multinational companies are the surrogate ...

  7. Dow Chemical Company: Assessment Leads to Steam System Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Dow Chemical Company: Assessment Leads to Steam System Energy Savings in a Petrochemical Plant Dow Chemical Company: Assessment Leads to Steam System Energy Savings in a...

  8. DOE Announces First Companies to Receive Industrial Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE Announces First Companies to Receive Industrial Energy Efficiency Certification DOE Announces First Companies to Receive Industrial Energy Efficiency Certification December 9,...

  9. New England Gas Company - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    England Gas Company - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs New England Gas Company - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back...

  10. EA-223 CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Trading Company to export electric energy to Canada. EA-223 CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company More Documents & Publications EA-232 OGE Energy Resources Inc EA-249...

  11. Columbus Southern Power Company (doing business as AEP Ohio)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Columbus Southern Power Company (doing business as AEP Ohio) Smart Grid Demonstration Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Columbus Southern Power Company (doing...

  12. Electronic Document Management System PIA, BechtelJacobs Company...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Management System PIA, BechtelJacobs Company, LLC Electronic Document Management System PIA, BechtelJacobs Company, LLC Electronic Document Management System PIA, BechtelJacobs...

  13. SEP Success Story: Louisiana Company Makes Switch to CNG, Helps...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SEP Success Story: Louisiana Company Makes Switch to CNG, Helps Transform Local Fuel Supplies SEP Success Story: Louisiana Company Makes Switch to CNG, Helps Transform Local Fuel...

  14. National Interest Security Company NISC Formerly Technology Management...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interest Security Company NISC Formerly Technology Management Services TMS Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: National Interest Security Company (NISC) (Formerly Technology &...

  15. Researching Industries and Employers WHY RESEARCH A COMPANY?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Eui-Hyeok

    Legal issues Regulatory issues Geography History Market Leaders External Resources for Researching the library Internal Resources for Researching a Specific Company Internal company information can be helpful

  16. Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor Alkali Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine & Caustic Company (aka China...

  17. 23 6 12 8:00 III-V/Ge CMOS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsumoto, Shingo

    23 6 12 8:00 - 1 - 1. : III-V/Ge CMOS ~ 200%~ 2. : III-V (Ge) III-V/Ge CMOS (Si) 200% III-V/Ge CMOS 200% III-V/Ge CMOS () () () () III-V III-V/Ge CMOS (1) III-V Ge III-V/Ge CMOS (2) III-V-OI MOSFET (3) III-V/Ge CMOS "2011 Symposia on VLSI

  18. Measurement of the neutron-capture cross section of ??Ge and ??Ge below 15 MeV and its relevance to 0??? decay searches of ??Ge

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bhike, Megha; Fallin, B.; Tornow, W.

    2015-02-01

    The neutron radiative-capture cross section of ??Ge was measured between 0.4 and 14.8 MeV using the activation technique. Germanium samples with the isotopic abundance of ~86% ??Ge and ~14% ??Ge used in the 0??? searches by the GERDA and Majorana Collaborations were irradiated with monoenergetic neutrons produced at eleven energies via the ³H(p,n)³He, ²H(d,n)³He and ³H(d,n)?He reactions. Previously, data existed only at thermal energies and at 14 MeV. As a by-product, capture cross-section data were also obtained for ??Ge at neutron energies below 8 MeV. Indium and gold foils were irradiated simultaneously for neutron fluence determination. High-resolution ?-ray spectroscopy wasmore »used to determine the ?-ray activity of the daughter nuclei of interest. For the ??Ge total capture cross section the present data are in good agreement with the TENDL-2013 model calculations and the ENDF/B-VII.1 evaluations, while for the ??Ge(n,?)??Ge reaction, the present data are about a factor of two larger than predicted. It was found that the ??Ge(n,?)??Ge yield in the High-Purity Germanium (HPGe) detectors used by the GERDA and Majorana Collaborations is only about a factor of two smaller than the ??Ge(n,?)??Ge yield due to the larger cross section of the former reaction.« less

  19. Phase transitions in Ge-Sb phase change materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raoux, Simone; Virwani, Kumar; Hitzbleck, Martina; Salinga, Martin; Madan, Anita; Pinto, Teresa L.

    2009-03-15

    Thin films of the phase change material Ge-Sb with Ge concentrations between 7.3 and 81.1 at. % were deposited by cosputtering from elemental targets. Their crystallization behavior was studied using time-resolved x-ray diffraction, Auger electron spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, x-ray reflectivity, profilometry, optical reflectivity, and resistivity versus temperature measurements. It was found that the crystallization temperature increases with Ge content. Calculations of the glass transition temperature (which is a lower limit for the crystallization temperature T{sub x}) also show an increase with Ge concentration closely tracking the measured values of T{sub x}. For low Ge content samples, Sb x-ray diffraction peaks occurred during a heating ramp at lower temperature than Ge diffraction peaks. The appearance of Ge peaks is related to Ge precipitation and agglomeration. For Ge concentrations of 59.3 at. % and higher, Sb and Ge peaks occurred at the same temperature. Upon crystallization, film mass density and optical reflectivity increase as well as electrical contrast (ratio of resistivity in amorphous phase to crystalline phase) all showed a maximum for the eutectic alloy (14.5 at. % Ge). For the alloy with 59.3 at. % Ge there was very little change in any of these parameters, while the alloy with 81.1 at. % Ge behaved opposite to a typical phase change alloy and showed reduced mass density and reflectivity and increased resistivity.

  20. Updated 8/28/2014 New GE Requirements & Environmental Studies Advising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Updated 8/28/2014 New GE Requirements & Environmental Studies Advising Course Concentration(s) Lower Division GE Upper Division GE Overlay(s) AIS 310

  1. GE Lighting Solutions: Order (2013-SE-4901)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered General Electric Lighting Solutions, LLC to pay a $5,360 civil penalty after finding GE Lighting Solutions had manufactured and distributed in commerce in the U.S. 30 units of basic model DR4-RTFB-23B and 177 units (of which 85 units remain in inventory) of basic model DR4-RTFB-77A-002, noncompliant traffic signal modules.

  2. Viscosity Measurement G.E. Leblanc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    30 Viscosity Measurement G.E. Leblanc McMaster University R.A. Secco The University of Western and Non-Newtonian Fluids l Dimensions and Units of Viscosity l Viscometer Types l Capillary M. Kostic must be supplied (1) to create viscous flow units by breaking bonds between atoms and molecules, and (2

  3. Introducing a PMO in XYZ Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alqahtani, Ahmed

    2013-12-20

    The purpose of this field project is to explore and build awareness about the main aspects—types, hierarchies, maturity models, and competency frameworks—related to establishing a Project Management Office (PMO) in a company. This study, inspired...

  4. Deere and Company Energy Management Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, P. M.

    1980-01-01

    An overview of the Deere & Company energy management program is discussed. A review is made of seven key elements which have contributed to the success of the program. Installed projects and established programs are identified and discussed...

  5. Strategies of the major oil companies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, W.N.

    1982-01-01

    This study identifies, documents, and analyzes the strategies of the seven largest oil companies in the world, collectively called the Majors (Exxon, Shell, Gulf, Mobil, Socal, Texaco, and BP). The period covered for each company begins at its origin, generally near 1900, and concludes in 1976. This study documents and analyzes all the major components of the long-term strategies of these companies since their origins. The policy components of each company's strategy are classified into six categories where major changes have occurred in the growth of the large-scale firm. These policy categories are geographic exapansion, size/scale of operations, vertical integration, horizontal combination, product and industry diversification, and administrative structure. With each category, policies can be compared between firms and overtime to illustrate similarities, differences, and changes in strategy. The main results are discussed.

  6. CompanieswithPNNLRoots All of these companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eigenvector Research, Inc. ­ 1995 Encryptor, Inc. ­ 2006 Environmental Assessment Services ­ 2005 Exxon) ­ 2000 MicroStructure Technologies ­ 2005 MITAC ­ 1977 MK Altenhofen ­ 1990 mobileFOUNDATIONS, Inc. ­ 2001 Mobility Engineering Company ­ 1996 Mohr & Associates ­ 1983 Mundo Communications Network (then El

  7. Fall 2012 FUPWG Meeting Welcome: Southern Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the Fall 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—covers the Southern Company's retail service territory, financials, customers and sales, power generation, U.S. military projects, and more.

  8. Scientific Data Processing and Visualization Software Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Scientific Data Processing and Visualization Software Company Dr. David J. Delene Department #12;The Solution ­ Proper Software Open-source software environment designed to provide scientifically Develop prototype of the Software House. Cloud-based environment. Virtual Machines. Assessment

  9. Effects of Ge replacement in GeTe by [Ag+Sb] on thermoelectric...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in GeTe by Ag+Sb on thermoelectric properties and NMR spectra Requirements for student: general physics and chemistry courses, and desire to work in experimental laboratory. This...

  10. Metastability and relaxation in tensile SiGe on Ge(001) virtual substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frigerio, Jacopo; Lodari, Mario; Chrastina, Daniel, E-mail: daniel.chrastina@polimi.it; Mondiali, Valeria; Isella, Giovanni [L-NESS, Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano, Polo di Como, via Anzani 42, 22100 Como (Italy); Bollani, Monica [IFN-CNR, L-NESS, via Anzani 42, 22100 Como (Italy)

    2014-09-21

    We systematically study the heteroepitaxy of SiGe alloys on Ge virtual substrates in order to understand strain relaxation processes and maximize the tensile strain in the SiGe layer. The degree of relaxation is measured by high-resolution x-ray diffraction, and surface morphology is characterized by atomic force microscopy. The results are analyzed in terms of a numerical model, which considers dislocation nucleation, multiplication, thermally activated glide, and strain-dependent blocking. Relaxation is found to be sensitive to growth rate and substrate temperature as well as epilayer misfit and thickness, and growth parameters are found which allow a SiGe film with over 4 GPa of tensile stress to be obtained.

  11. GE partners with 'Girls Who Code' for summer program | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    offered 19 programs and counted 375 participants; this year, Girls Who Code will offer 60 programs reaching close to 1,200 girls in nine cities nationwide. GE joins other...

  12. The Corporate Headquarters for Alabama Power Company 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reardon, J. G.; Penuel, K. M.

    1987-01-01

    management systems are a prime objective f the company. Considerable attention has been give to the public information aspects during the desi n phase. The original equipment room layout and floor 478 ESL-IE-87-09-75 Proceedings from the Ninth Annual... tech nologies which are of mutual benefit to customer and utility. INTRODUCTION In order to consolidate all corporate head quarters personnel into a single facility, Alabama Power Company management initiated the design and construction of a...

  13. Company Template (Fixed Support) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:I DueBETOofforCompany Template (Fixed Support) Company

  14. Energy Secretary Chu to Tour GE Global Research Advanced Manufacturing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Secretary Chu to Tour GE Global Research Advanced Manufacturing Lab Energy Secretary Chu to Tour GE Global Research Advanced Manufacturing Lab May 24, 2012 - 10:54am Addthis...

  15. Butterfly-Inspired Thermal Imaging | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GE Innovation and Manufacturing in Europe 2-4-13-v-3d-printing-medical-devices Additive Manufacturing Demonstration at GE Global Research 2-3-10-v Crowdsourcing...

  16. What Happens in Research-Based Design | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    paths we have at GE Global Research ("GE Leaders are Researchers Too",). The field of gas turbine heat transfer is growing in importance, and as a result, we have a lot of job...

  17. CNG: Aiming to be an energy company, not a gas company

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wheatley, R.

    1997-06-30

    Long before regulatory changes in the US paved the way for the union of natural gas and electric utility companies, Consolidated Natural Gas Co. (CNG) embarked on a strategy that would serve the company well in the 1990s. In 1995, CNG began a corporate repositioning to meet mounting competition, switching emphasis from its regulated businesses to the non-regulated side. The goal: to become an energy player, not only in the US but internationally. This paper focuses on the company`s operations, business plans, and management strategies. The paper gives an overview, then discusses production of oil and gas, the growing exploration program and plans for the future.

  18. Similarity of Stranski-Krastanow growth of Ge/Si and SiGe/Si (001)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norris, D. J.; Qiu, Y.; Walther, T. [Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Sheffield, Mappin Building, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom); Dobbie, A.; Myronov, M. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7A (United Kingdom)

    2014-01-07

    This study investigates the onset of islanding (Stranski-Krastanow transition) in strained pure germanium (Ge) and dilute silicon-germanium (SiGe) alloy layers grown by chemical vapour deposition on Si(001) substrates. Integration of compositional profiles is compared to a novel method for quantification of X-ray maps acquired in cross-sectional scanning transmission electron microscopy, together with simulations of surface segregation of Ge. We show that Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} alloys for germanium concentrations x???0.27 grow two-dimensionally and stay flat up to considerable layer thicknesses, while layers with concentrations in the range 0.28?Ge is ±(0.2–0.3) ML. Modelling shows that of the amount of germanium deposited, 0.7 ML segregate towards the free surface so that only ?2.3/x ML are directly incorporated in the layer within a few nanometres, in good agreement with our measurements. For pure Ge (x?=?1), this thickness is smaller than most values quoted in the literature, which we attribute to the high sensitivity of our method to fractional monolayer changes in the effective chemical width of such thin layers.

  19. Strain and stability of ultrathin Ge layers in Si/Ge/Si axial heterojunction nanowires

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ross, Frances M.; Stach, Eric A.; Wen, Cheng -Yen; Reuter, Mark C.; Su, Dong

    2015-02-05

    The abrupt heterointerfaces in the Si/Ge materials system presents useful possibilities for electronic device engineering because the band structure can be affected by strain induced by the lattice mismatch. In planar layers, heterointerfaces with abrupt composition changes are difficult to realize without introducing misfit dislocations. However, in catalytically grown nanowires, abrupt heterointerfaces can be fabricated by appropriate choice of the catalyst. Here we grow nanowires containing Si/Ge and Si/Ge/Si structures respectively with sub-1nm thick Ge "quantum wells" and we measure the interfacial strain fields using geometric phase analysis. Narrow Ge layers show radial strains of several percent, with a correspondingmore »dilation in the axial direction. Si/Ge interfaces show lattice rotation and curvature of the lattice planes. We conclude that high strains can be achieved, compared to what is possible in planar layers. In addition, we study the stability of these heterostructures under heating and electron beam irradiation. The strain and composition gradients are supposed to the cause of the instability for interdiffusion.« less

  20. Thin SiGe virtual substrates for Ge heterostructures integration on silicon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cecchi, S., E-mail: stefano.cecchi@mdm.imm.cnr.it; Chrastina, D.; Frigerio, J.; Isella, G. [L-NESS, Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano–Polo Territoriale di Como, Via Anzani 42, I-22100 Como (Italy); Gatti, E.; Guzzi, M. [L-NESS, Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali, Università di Milano Bicocca, via Cozzi 53, I-20126 Milano (Italy); Müller Gubler, E. [Electron Microscopy ETH Zurich, ETH Zurich, Auguste-Piccard-Hof 1, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Paul, D. J. [School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Rankine Building, Oakfield Avenue, Glasgow G12 8LT (United Kingdom)

    2014-03-07

    The possibility to reduce the thickness of the SiGe virtual substrate, required for the integration of Ge heterostructures on Si, without heavily affecting the crystal quality is becoming fundamental in several applications. In this work, we present 1??m thick Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} buffers (with x?>?0.7) having different designs which could be suitable for applications requiring a thin virtual substrate. The rationale is to reduce the lattice mismatch at the interface with the Si substrate by introducing composition steps and/or partial grading. The relatively low growth temperature (475?°C) makes this approach appealing for complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor integration. For all the investigated designs, a reduction of the threading dislocation density compared to constant composition Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} layers was observed. The best buffer in terms of defects reduction was used as a virtual substrate for the deposition of a Ge/SiGe multiple quantum well structure. Room temperature optical absorption and photoluminescence analysis performed on nominally identical quantum wells grown on both a thick graded virtual substrate and the selected thin buffer demonstrates a comparable optical quality, confirming the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  1. Monolithic Ge/Si Avalanche Photodiodes Yimin Kanga*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowers, John

    Monolithic Ge/Si Avalanche Photodiodes Yimin Kanga* , Mike Morsea , Mario J. Panicciaa , Moshe, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA Abstract: We demonstrate mesa-type and waveguide-type Ge/Si avalanche photodiodes. Research on the Ge/Si photodiodes, one of the fundamental components needed for building integrated silicon

  2. MOTION OF ELECTRON-HOLE DROPS IN Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westervelt, R.M.

    2011-01-01

    MOTION OF ELECTRON-HOLE DROPS IN Ge R. M. Westervelt, J. C.MOTION OF ELECTRON-HOLE DROPS IN Ge R. M. Westervelt, J. C.OF ELECTRON-HOLE DROPS IN Ge R M Westervelt, J C Culbertson

  3. Conduction band discontinuity and electron confinement at the Si[subscript x]Ge[subscript 1?x]/Ge interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzeo, G.

    Germanium rich heterostructures can constitute a valid alternative to Silicon for the confinement of single electron spins. The conduction band discontinuity in SiGe/Ge heterostructures grown on pure germanium substrate ...

  4. Properties of excited states in {sup 77}Ge.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kay, B. P.; Chiara, C. J.; Schiffer, J. P.; Kondev, F. G.; Zhu, S.; Carpenter, M. P.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; McCutchan, E. A.; Seweryniak, D.; Stefanescu, I.; Univ. of Maryland; Horia-Hulubei National Inst. for Physics and Nuclear Engineering

    2009-07-01

    The nucleus {sup 77}Ge was studied through the {sup 76}Ge({sup 13}C,{sup 12}C){sup 77}Ge reaction at a sub-Coulomb energy. The angular distributions of rays depopulating excited states in {sup 77}Ge were measured in order to constrain spin and parity assignments. Some of these assignments are of use in connection with neutrinoless double beta decay, where the population of states near the Fermi surface of {sup 76}Ge was recently explored using transfer reactions.

  5. Particle Production at 3 GeV X. Ding, UCLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    = 50m 0.02976 (neg: 0.01206, pos: 0.01770) Carbon 3 GeV, Z = 0m 0.03341 (neg: 0.01370, pos: 0.01971) Mercury 3 GeV, Z = 50 m 0.02096 (neg: 0.01070, pos: 0.01026) Mercury 3 GeV, Z = 0 m 0.02496 (neg: 0.01273, pos: 0.01223) Mercury 8 GeV, Z = 50 m 0.0263 (neg: 0.0136, pos: 0.0127) Mercury 8 GeV, Z = 0m 0

  6. Role of nucleation sites on the formation of nanoporous Ge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yates, B. R.; Darby, B. L.; Jones, K. S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-6400 (United States); Elliman, R. G. [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia)

    2012-09-24

    The role of nucleation sites on the formation of nanoporous Ge was investigated. Three Ge films with different spherical or columnar pore morphologies to act as inherent nucleation sites were sputtered on (001) Ge. Samples were implanted 90 Degree-Sign from incidence at 300 keV with fluences ranging from 3.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} to 3.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 16} Ge{sup +}/cm{sup 2}. Electron microscopy investigations revealed varying thresholds for nanoporous Ge formation and exhibited a stark difference in the evolution of the Ge layers based on the microstructure of the initial film. The results suggest that the presence of inherent nucleation sites significantly alters the onset and evolution of nanoporous Ge.

  7. Monolayer Passivation of Ge(100) Surface via Nitridation and Oxidation Joon Sung Leea,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kummel, Andrew C.

    Monolayer Passivation of Ge(100) Surface via Nitridation and Oxidation Joon Sung Leea,b , Sarah R passivation of Ge(100) surface via formation of Ge-N and Ge-O surface species was studied using scanning cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma source formed an ordered Ge-N structure on a Ge(100) surface at 500o C. DFT

  8. Prompt Gamma Rays in {sup 77}Ge after Neutron Capture on {sup 76}Ge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meierhofer, Georg; Grabmayr, Peter; Jochum, Josef [Physikalisches Institut, Eberhard Karls Universitaet Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Canella, Lea [Institut fuer Radiochemie, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Walther-Meissner-Str. 3, 85748 Garching (Germany); Jolie, Jan; Kudejova, Petra; Warr, Nigel [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, 50937 Cologne (Germany)

    2009-01-28

    The observation of neutrinoless double beta decay would be proof of the Majorana nature of the neutrino. Half-lives for these decays are very long (for {sup 76}Ge:>10{sup 25} y), so background reduction and rejection is the major task for double beta experiments. The GERDA (GERmanium Detector Array) experiment at the Gran Sasso Laboratory of the INFN (LNGS) searches for neutrinoless double beta decay of {sup 76}Ge. The isotope {sup 76}Ge is an ideal candidate because it can be used as source and detector at the same time. A large remaining contribution to the background arises from the prompt gamma cascade after neutron capture by {sup 76}Ge followed by {beta}{sup -}-decay of {sup 77}Ge. Since the prompt gamma decay scheme is poorly known, measurements with isotopically enriched Germanium samples were carried out at the PGAA facility at the research reactor FRM II (Munich). With the known prompt gamma spectrum it will be possible to improve the overall veto efficiency of the GERDA experiment.

  9. Material properties in SiGe/Ge quantum wells Rebecca K. Schaevitz*, Jonathan E. Roth, Onur Fidaner, and David A. B. Miller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, David A. B.

    Material properties in SiGe/Ge quantum wells Rebecca K. Schaevitz*, Jonathan E. Roth, Onur Fidaner *Corresponding author: rschaevitz@stanford.edu Abstract: Photocurrent measurements in Ge quantum wells parameters for design of high-performance SiGe/Ge quantum well optoelectronics on silicon. Germanium

  10. Ge/SiGe Quantum Confined Stark Effect Modulators on Silicon James S. Harris, Yu-Hsuan Kuo, and David A. B. Miller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, David A. B.

    Ge/SiGe Quantum Confined Stark Effect Modulators on Silicon James S. Harris, Yu-Hsuan Kuo bandwidth have been demonstrated [4]. 2. Quantum well design Ge is an indirect band gap material, but it has. In order to have good quantum confinement, SiGe barriers are used since Si and Ge have a very high direct

  11. Commercial Building Energy Baseline Modeling Software: Performance Metrics and Method Testing with Open Source Models and Implications for Proprietary Software Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, Phillip N.; Granderson, Jessica; Sohn, Michael; Addy, Nathan; Jump, David

    2013-09-01

    The overarching goal of this work is to advance the capabilities of technology evaluators in evaluating the building-level baseline modeling capabilities of Energy Management and Information System (EMIS) software. Through their customer engagement platforms and products, EMIS software products have the potential to produce whole-building energy savings through multiple strategies: building system operation improvements, equipment efficiency upgrades and replacements, and inducement of behavioral change among the occupants and operations personnel. Some offerings may also automate the quantification of whole-building energy savings, relative to a baseline period, using empirical models that relate energy consumption to key influencing parameters, such as ambient weather conditions and building operation schedule. These automated baseline models can be used to streamline the whole-building measurement and verification (M&V) process, and therefore are of critical importance in the context of multi-measure whole-building focused utility efficiency programs. This report documents the findings of a study that was conducted to begin answering critical questions regarding quantification of savings at the whole-building level, and the use of automated and commercial software tools. To evaluate the modeling capabilities of EMIS software particular to the use case of whole-building savings estimation, four research questions were addressed: 1. What is a general methodology that can be used to evaluate baseline model performance, both in terms of a) overall robustness, and b) relative to other models? 2. How can that general methodology be applied to evaluate proprietary models that are embedded in commercial EMIS tools? How might one handle practical issues associated with data security, intellectual property, appropriate testing ‘blinds’, and large data sets? 3. How can buildings be pre-screened to identify those that are the most model-predictable, and therefore those whose savings can be calculated with least error? 4. What is the state of public domain models, that is, how well do they perform, and what are the associated implications for whole-building measurement and verification (M&V)? Additional project objectives that were addressed as part of this study include: (1) clarification of the use cases and conditions for baseline modeling performance metrics, benchmarks and evaluation criteria, (2) providing guidance for determining customer suitability for baseline modeling, (3) describing the portfolio level effects of baseline model estimation errors, (4) informing PG&E’s development of EMIS technology product specifications, and (5) providing the analytical foundation for future studies about baseline modeling and saving effects of EMIS technologies. A final objective of this project was to demonstrate the application of the methodology, performance metrics, and test protocols with participating EMIS product vendors.

  12. Will Power Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company)Idaho)VosslohWest PlainsAssn,WilderHill NewPower Company

  13. Interface and nanostructure evolution of cobalt germanides on Ge(001)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grzela, T., E-mail: grzela@ihp-microelectronics.com; Schubert, M. A. [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); Koczorowski, W. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London, WC1H 0AH,United Kingdom (United Kingdom); Institute of Physics, Poznan University of Technology, Nieszawska 13A, 60-965 Poznan (Poland); Capellini, G. [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); Dipartimento di Scienze, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, I-00146 Roma (Italy); Czajka, R. [Institute of Physics, Poznan University of Technology, Nieszawska 13A, 60-965 Poznan (Poland); Radny, M. W. [Institute of Physics, Poznan University of Technology, Nieszawska 13A, 60-965 Poznan (Poland); School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan NSW, 2308 (Australia); Curson, N.; Schofield, S. R. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London, WC1H 0AH,United Kingdom (United Kingdom); Schroeder, T. [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); BTU Cottbus, Konrad-Zuse Str. 1, 03046 Cottbus (Germany)

    2014-02-21

    Cobalt germanide (Co{sub x}Ge{sub y}) is a candidate system for low resistance contact modules in future Ge devices in Si-based micro and nanoelectronics. In this paper, we present a detailed structural, morphological, and compositional study on Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} formation on Ge(001) at room temperature metal deposition and subsequent annealing. Scanning tunneling microscopy and low energy electron diffraction clearly demonstrate that room temperature deposition of approximately four monolayers of Co on Ge(001) results in the Volmer Weber growth mode, while subsequent thermal annealing leads to the formation of a Co-germanide continuous wetting layer which evolves gradually towards the growth of elongated Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} nanostructures. Two types of Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} nanostructures, namely, flattop- and ridge-type, were observed and a systematic study on their evolution as a function of temperature is presented. Additional transmission electron microscopy and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy measurements allowed us to monitor the reaction between Co and Ge in the formation process of the Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} continuous wetting layer as well as the Co{sub x}Ge{sub y} nanostructures.

  14. Colon Cancer Mapping | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D BGene NetworkNuclearDNP 20082 P2014 CollegiateVanderbilt, GE Team

  15. Crowdsourcing Software Announcement | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding in Actinide SandwichCrayCrosscuttingGE, MIT Build

  16. Crowdsourcing Software Award | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding in Actinide SandwichCrayCrosscuttingGE, MIT

  17. Patent Record Announcement | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access| Department ofStephenSkinner,Past and Present EERE Budget PastGE's

  18. Game Changing Technology | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities Nuclear PhysicsGE GlobalGetting&Tools »GambitI

  19. Search Business News, Stocks, Funds, Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    To capture the carbon dioxide generated by coal plants, chemical companies like Dow Chemical Co. and energy's Revival May Combat Climate Change Build a Better Carbon Trap and ... And Now, Climate Bill's Supporters and the bottom line. Go to Blog » Build a Better Carbon Trap and ... By PAUL VOOSEN of Published: June 30, 2009

  20. General Electric Company Oahu Wind Integration Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    General Electric Company Oahu Wind Integration Study Final Report Delivered to: Richard Rocheleau dependent state in the nation. In 2008 this cost the state approximately $8.4 billion each year, which to integrate 400 MW of wind power located on the islands of Molokai and/or Lanai that could be transmitted

  1. ESTABLISHING A PRACTICAL COMPANY INNOVATIVE Emmanuel Maravelakis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aristomenis, Antoniadis

    present our methodology, the PIP-SCORE (Product Innovation Profile -SCORE), which is based on measuring, by measuring innovation and determining a product innovation profile. This is achieved by addressing three inter-related, but separately measurable, aspects of a company's innovation process- the products (or

  2. Online Advertising Insertion Order Form Company name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McReynolds, Ben

    Online Advertising Insertion Order Form Advertiser Company name: Address: City: State: Zip: Contact: Billing Instructions Gross Amount : $ Net Amount: $ Please refer to 2014 Advertising Rate Sheet Less 15% agency discount or other applicable discount (please specify below): Send invoices to: Advertiser

  3. Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This small business has made products to help its customers measure and understand the potential of wind energy since 1982. Now, because of additional opportunities the Recovery Act has created for renewable energy companies, small businesses like this are poised to grow with the increased demand for proven wind measurement and turbine control equipment.

  4. Sample Job Offer Letter Best Company, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    Sample Job Offer Letter Best Company, Inc. 1553 Job Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48105 (Tel) (734) 000 would like to offer (student's name here) an internship position. Below is the information you requested: 1553 Job Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48105 Number of hours worked per week: 40 Official offer beginning

  5. Disc Manufacturing, Inc. A QUIXOTE COMPANY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Varun

    Disc Manufacturing, Inc. A QUIXOTE COMPANY Introduction to ISO 9660, what it is, how it is implemented, and how it has been extended. Clayton Summers Copyright © 1993 by Disc Manufacturing, Inc. All rights reserved. #12;WHO IS DMI? Disc Manufacturing, Inc. (DMI) manufactures all compact disc formats (i

  6. Study of the low-lying states of Ge2 and Ge2 using negative ion zero electron kinetic energy spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumark, Daniel M.

    Study of the low-lying states of Ge2 and Ge2 using negative ion zero electron kinetic energy The low-lying states of Ge2 and Ge2 are probed using negative ion zero electron kinetic energy ZEKE spectroscopy. The ZEKE spectrum of Ge2 yields an electron affinity of 2.035 0.001 eV for Ge2, as well as term

  7. Cs6Ge8Zn: A Zintl Phase with Isolated Heteroatomic Clusters of Ge8Zn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a single phase of Cs6Ge8Zn.8 The plate-like crystals of the compound are brittle, black, and with coal-like luster. Single-crystal studies unveiled a new type of cluster formation, a dimer of corner different types. The clusters of type A have only a horizontal mirror plane (Cm) while the clusters of type

  8. Structure and vibrations of different charge Ge impurity in ?-quartz

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kislov, A. N., E-mail: a.n.kislov@urfu.ru; Mikhailovich, A. P., E-mail: a.n.kislov@urfu.ru; Zatsepin, A. F., E-mail: a.n.kislov@urfu.ru [Ural Federal University, 19 Mira St., Yekaterinburg, 620002 (Russian Federation)

    2014-10-21

    Atomic structure and localized vibrations of ??SiO{sub 2}:Ge are studied using computer modeling techniques. The simulation was carried out by the lattice dynamics calculation of the local density of vibrational states. Local structures parameters are calculated, localized symmetrized vibrations frequency caused by Ge impurity in different charge states are defined. The movements of atoms located near Ge impurity are analyzed and their contribution into localized vibrations of different type is evaluated.

  9. Singapore's Economic Balancing Act: How a Company's Collapse Challenged the Country's New Corporate Governance Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roseme, Sam

    2007-01-01

    respect. Companies wholly owned 60 by families con- trolwhere a company is owned and controlled by a familywith family members in top positions in the company, is

  10. Operational improvements at Jewell Coal and Coke Company`s non-recovery ovens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, C.E.; Pruitt, C.W.

    1995-12-01

    Operational improvements at Jewell Coal and Coke Company over the past five years includes safety and environmental concerns, product quality, equipment availability, manpower utilization, and productivity. These improvements with Jewell`s unique process has allowed Jewell Coal and Coke Company to be a consistent, high quality coke producer. The paper briefly explains Jewell`s unique ovens, their operating mode, improved process control, their maintenance management program, and their increase in productivity.

  11. Structural and phonon transmission study of Ge-Au-Ge eutectically bonded interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knowlton, W.B. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Materials Sciences Div.

    1995-07-01

    This thesis presents a structural analysis and phonon transparency investigation of the Ge-Au-Ge eutectic bond interface. Interface development was intended to maximize the interfacial ballistic phonon transparency to enhance the detection of the dark matter candidate WIMPs. The process which was developed provides an interface which produces minimal stress, low amounts of impurities, and insures Ge lattice continuity through the interface. For initial Au thicknesses of greater than 1,000 {angstrom} Au per substrate side, eutectic epitaxial growth resulted in a Au dendritic structure with 95% cross sectional and 90% planar Au interfacial area coverages. In sections in which Ge bridged the interface, lattice continuity across the interface was apparent. Epitaxial solidification of the eutectic interface with initial Au thicknesses < 500 A per substrate side produced Au agglomerations thereby reducing the Au planar interfacial area coverage to as little as 30%. The mechanism for Au coalescence was attributed to lateral diffusion of Ge and Au in the liquid phase during solidification. Phonon transmission studies were performed on eutectic interfaces with initial Au thicknesses of 1,000 {angstrom}, 500 {angstrom}, and 300 {angstrom} per substrate side. Phonon imaging of eutectically bonded samples with initial Au thicknesses of 300 {angstrom}/side revealed reproducible interfacial percent phonon transmissions from 60% to 70%. Line scan phonon imaging verified the results. Phonon propagation TOF spectra distinctly showed the predominant phonon propagation mode was ballistic. This was substantiated by phonon focusing effects apparent in the phonon imaging data. The degree of interface transparency to phonons and resulting phonon propagation modes correlate with the structure of the interface following eutectic solidification. Structural studies of samples with initial Au thickness of 1,000 {angstrom}/side appear to correspond with the phonon transmission study.

  12. Elizabeth Dees | Inventors | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES ScienceInformation Company Name orElectronicElenaElizaElizabeth

  13. The Proposed Majorana 76Ge Double-Beta Decay Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aalseth, Craig E.; Anderson, Dale N.; Arthur, Richard J.; Avignone, Frank T.; Baktash, Cryus; Ball, Thedore; Barabash, Alexander S.; Bertrand, F.; Brodzinski, Ronald L.; Brudanin, V.; Bugg, William; Champagne, A. E.; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Cianciolo, Thomas V.; Collar, J. I.; Creswick, R. W.; Descovich, M.; Di Marco, Marie; Doe, P. J.; Dunham, Glen C.; Efremenko, Yuri; Egerov, V.; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, Steven R.; Emanuel, A.; Fallon, Paul; Farach, H. A.; Gaitskell, R. J.; Gehman, Victor; Grzywacz, Robert; Hallin, A.; Hazma, R.; Henning, R.; Hime, Andrew; Hossbach, Todd W.; Jordan, David V.; Kazkaz, K.; Kephart, Jeremy; King, G. S.; Kochetov, Oleg; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Lesko, Kevin; Luke, P.; Luzum, M.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; McDonald, A.; Mei, Dongming; Miley, Harry S.; Mills, G. B.; Mokhtarani, A.; Nomachi, Masaharu; Orrell, John L.; Palms, John M.; Poon, Alan; Radford, D. C.; Reeves, James H.; Robertson, R. G. H.; Runkle, Robert C.; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof P.; Saburov, Konstantin; Sandukovsky, Viatcheslav; Sonnenschein, Andrew; Tornow, W.; Tull, C.; van de Water, R. G.; Vanushin, Igor; Vetter, Kai; Warner, Ray A.; Wilkerson, John F.; Wouters, Jan M.; Young , A. R.; Yumatov, V.

    2005-01-01

    The proposed Majorana experiment is based on an array of segmented intrinsic Ge detectors with a total mass of 500 kg of Ge isotopically enriched to 86% in 76Ge. Background reduction will be accomplished by: material selection, detector segmentation, pulse shape analysis, electro-formation of copper parts, and granularity of detector spacing. The predicted experimental sensitivity for measurement of the neutrinoless double-beta decay mode of 76Ge, over a data acquisition period of 5000 kg•y, is ~ 4?1027 y.

  14. GE funds initiative to support STEM initiatives in Oklahoma ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    investment in Oklahoma reflects GE's commitment to skills development for the future. "Growth and development go hand-in-hand with educational excellence, strength in science,...

  15. CMC technology revolutionary for aviation, power | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in new window) Novel CMC technology revolutionizes aircraft engines, turbines CMCs - Ceramic Matrix Composites - are a revolutionary material invented by GE scientists that offer...

  16. Heteroepitaxial Ge-on-Si by DC magnetron sputtering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steglich, Martin; Schrempel, Frank; Füchsel, Kevin; Kley, Ernst-Bernhard; Patzig, Christian; Berthold, Lutz; Höche, Thomas; Tünnermann, Andreas; Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering IOF, Albert-Einstein-Str. 7, 07745 Jena

    2013-07-15

    The growth of Ge on Si(100) by DC Magnetron Sputtering at various temperatures is studied by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry and Transmission Electron Microscopy. Smooth heteroepitaxial Ge films are prepared at relatively low temperatures of 380°C. Typical Stransky-Krastanov growth is observed at 410°C. At lower temperatures (320°C), films are essentially amorphous with isolated nanocrystallites at the Si-Ge interface. A minor oxygen contamination at the interface, developing after ex-situ oxide removal, is not seen to hinder epitaxy. Compensation of dislocation-induced acceptors in Ge by sputtering from n-doped targets is proposed.

  17. Construction progresses at GE's Oil & Gas Technology Center ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Home > Impact > Construction progressing at GE's newest research center, the Oil & Gas Technology Center in Oklahoma City Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)...

  18. RADIATION DAMAGE RESISTANCE OF REVERSE ELECTRODE GE COAXIAL DETECTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pehl, Richard H.

    2011-01-01

    Parker, "Radiation Damage of Germanium Detectors", Bull. Am.to radiation damage between the two detectors was clearlyRADIATION DAMAGE RESISTANCE OF REVERSE ELECTRODE GE COAXIAL DETECTORS

  19. GE China Technology Center Wins Top 12 Most Innovative Practices...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to our local markets and innovating technologies to meet the most urgent needs of Chinese society. Additionally, GE teams up with local customers to jointly develop innovative...

  20. The Wizard of Schenectady: Charles Proteus Steinmetz | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    week the Smithsonian's "Past Imperfect" blog highlighted a man near and dear to the heart of GE Global Research, Charles Proteus Steinmetz. The article paints a really...

  1. Big Data and Analytics at Work | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    time analytics is required At GE we keep pace with these trends via the Industrial Internet, a highly connected ecosystem of intelligent machines, advanced analytics and people...

  2. A Sneak Peek Into Santa's Smarter Sleigh | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    legs a break. - An upgraded sleigh frame made from GE's high temperature Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs). The CMCs can withstand the heat of entry and reentry in earth's...

  3. Titan propels GE wind turbine research into new territory | ornl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Titan propels GE wind turbine research into new territory January 17, 2014 The amount of global electricity supplied by wind, the world's fastest growing energy source, is expected...

  4. Thoughts From the 2012 Whitney Software Symposium | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Big Data, Modeling and Simulation, High Performance Computing and the Industrial Internet as key technological enablers of GE's Software initiatives. We enjoyed speakers from...

  5. EEDP and Other Leadership Programs | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ready to dive in? Apply for the program. GE Software Leadership Program The rise of the Industrial Internet requires a new breed of talent and organizational capability. New...

  6. Corporate Energy Management: A Survey of Large Manufacturing Companies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norland, D. L.; Lind, L.

    2000-01-01

    Corporate practices regarding energy management vary substantially from one company to another. Some companies pay close attention to energy use throughout the corporation while others pay scant attention. This paper first describes what we call...

  7. The entrepreneur's guide to forming a high-tech company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    The entrepreneur's guide to forming a high-tech company #12;THE ENTREPRENEUR'S GUIDE TO FORMING A HIGH-TECH COMPANY © 2008 Nixon Peabody LLP. All rights reserved. The material in this publication may

  8. SunShot Incubator Awardee Helps Companies Offer Discount Solar...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Incubator Awardee Helps Companies Offer Discount Solar as Employee Perk SunShot Incubator Awardee Helps Companies Offer Discount Solar as Employee Perk March 31, 2015 - 10:18am...

  9. SunShot Award Helps Solar Tracking Company Expand Internationally...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    SunShot Award Helps Solar Tracking Company Expand Internationally SunShot Award Helps Solar Tracking Company Expand Internationally October 30, 2014 - 5:46pm Addthis SunShot...

  10. SEP Success Story: Green Launching Pad Taps Six More Companies...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Green Launching Pad Taps Six More Companies for Take-off SEP Success Story: Green Launching Pad Taps Six More Companies for Take-off April 29, 2011 - 9:58am Addthis Yesterday, U.S....

  11. Optimal capital structure of deep sea foreign freight transportation companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgiadis, Vasilis

    2014-01-01

    This thesis aims to understand the optimal leverage range for shipping companies (maritime foreign freight transportation companies - SIC 4412), through data analysis. This study confirms that in a traditional industry ...

  12. Battery Company Puts New Nanowire Technology into Production...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Company Puts New Nanowire Technology into Production Battery Company Puts New Nanowire Technology into Production June 11, 2015 - 4:23pm Addthis These are how the nano-wires appear...

  13. Litigation against public companies that fail to disclose timely information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leong, Hein Hing

    2014-01-01

    Every year, between 150 and 200 class action lawsuits are filed against public listed companies in the United States. When disclosure of the lawsuits is made to the investing public, the stock prices of these companies ...

  14. Mobile marketing strategies for B2C companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawant, Samir

    2010-01-01

    Mobile application ('apps') development is a recent pandemic phenomenon; companies that are not associated with mobile technologies are noticing it and want to develop their own mobile apps. However, these companies do not ...

  15. EA-314 BP Energy Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to export electric energy to Mexico EA-314 BP Energy Company More Documents & Publications EA-318 CSW Power Marketing EA-314-A BP Energy Co PP-89-1 Bangor Hydro-Electric Company...

  16. Dow Chemical Company: Assessment Leads to Steam System Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    describes how Dow Chemical Company saved 272,000 MMBtu and 1.9 million annually after increasing the steam system energy efficiency of a plant in Louisiana. Dow Chemical Company:...

  17. Goodman Manufacturing Company Comment | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBeryllium Disease | Department of Energy FormerGE-ProlecScienceNEPAOther NEPA

  18. Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial & Industrial Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rebate Program Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial & Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Agricultural Savings Category Geothermal...

  19. Researching a Company Online Ready Reference D-13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Researching a Company Online Ready Reference D-13 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology information on over 50,000 public and private companies (www.hoovers.com). · CorpTech Database of High and private high-tech organizations (www.corptech.com). · Companies Online from Dun & Bradstreet and Lycos

  20. Company Name: Oracle Web Site: www.oracle.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    , current product ownership, current and future technology plans and targeted areas of opportunity To viewCompany Name: Oracle Web Site: www.oracle.com Industry: Technology Brief Company Overview: Oracle company. With more than 370,000 customers including 100 of the Fortune 100 in more than 145 countries

  1. Meeting State Carbon Emission Requirements through Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Southern California Gas Company’s Industrial End User Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-06-25

    This case study describes the Southern California Gas Company’s Industrial End User program that helps large industrial customers increase energy efficiency and reduce energy use and GHG emissions.

  2. Analysis of Strategies of Companies under Carbon Constraint: Relationship between Profit Structure of Companies and Carbon/Fuel Price Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashimoto, Susumu

    This paper examines the relationship between future carbon prices and the expected profit of companies by case studies with model companies. As the future carbon price will vary significantly in accordance with the political ...

  3. Meeting State Carbon Emission Requirements through Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Southern California Gas Company’s Industrial End User Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This case study describes the Southern California Gas Company’s Industrial End User program, which helps large industrial customers increase energy efficiency and reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions.

  4. Structural and optical properties of GaAs-based heterostructures with Ge and Ge/InGaAs quantum wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aleshkin, V. Ya.; Dubinov, A. A., E-mail: sanya@ipm.sci-nnov.ru; Drozdov, M. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Zvonkov, B. N. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Research Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Kudryavtsev, K. E.; Tonkikh, A. A.; Yablonskiy, A. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Werner, P. [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics (Germany)

    2013-05-15

    GaAs-based heterostructures with Ge and Ge/InGaAs quantum wells are grown by laser-assisted sputtering. Structural and optical studies of the heterostructures are carried out. A broad photoluminescence line is observed in the wavelength range from 1300 to 1650 nm. The line corresponds to indirect transitions in the momentum space of the Ge quantum wells and to transitions between the In{sub 0.28}Ga{sub 0.72}As and Ge layers, indirect in coordinate space, but direct in momentum space.

  5. Foreign Energy Company Competitiveness: Background information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weimar, M.R.; Freund, K.A.; Roop, J.M.

    1994-10-01

    This report provides background information to the report Energy Company Competitiveness: Little to Do With Subsidies (DOE 1994). The main body of this publication consists of data uncovered during the course of research on this DOE report. This data pertains to major government energy policies in each country studied. This report also provides a summary of the DOE report. In October 1993, the Office of Energy Intelligence, US Department of Energy (formerly the Office of Foreign Intelligence), requested that Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepare a report addressing policies and actions used by foreign governments to enhance the competitiveness of their energy firms. Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepared the report Energy Company Competitiveness Little to Do With Subsidies (DOE 1994), which provided the analysis requested by DOE. An appendix was also prepared, which provided extensive background documentation to the analysis. Because of the length of the appendix, Pacific Northwest Laboratory decided to publish this information separately, as contained in this report.

  6. The Ruhlin Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |InformationThe Needles GeothermalFinance |Ruhlin Company

  7. International oil companies in the Far East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mlotok, P.

    1984-10-01

    All of the major international oil companies have extensive operations in the Far East, and in most cases, these operations account for a significant part of their worldwide earnings. In the refining and marketing end of the business, near-term profitability could be hampered by problems in the Singapore refining center. An expansion of Indonesian refining capacity has reduced profits from processing arrangements, and new Saudi product exports will enter Singapore starting this year. Longer term, however, the strong economic growth in the region renders it a highly attractive area in which to operate. On the producing end, rising output will boost profits for the international oil companies in Indonesia and Malaysia. Caltex (a 50/50 joint venture between Chevron and Texaco) is one of the largest marketers in the Far East. It will not initially be affected greatly by the Singapore refinery problem, as its production from this area goes directly into its own marketing system rather than into the open market. Exxon is a medium-size marketer with especially strong positions in Japan, Malaysia and Thailand. However, the company could be vulnerable to near-term problems in Singapore. Mobil, another medium-size marketer, has a very strong position in Japan but problems in Australia. As those problems are corrected, earnings should grow over time. The Royal Dutch Shell Group is one of the largest marketers in the Far East, with good positions in Singapore, Malaysia and Australia. Shell will have difficulty adjusting to the changing conditions in Singapore, but once this is complete, downstream earnings growth should resume. British Petroleum (BP) has a smaller upstream and downstream presence than the other international oils. Estimated 1983 Far East earnings are tabulated for these five companies. 5 figures.

  8. Status of Tampa Electric Company IGCC Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, S.D.

    1992-01-01

    Tampa Electric Company will utilize Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle technology for its new Polk Power Station Unit [number sign]1. The project is partially funded under the Department of Energy Clean Coal Technology Program Round III. This paper describes the technology to be used, process details, demonstration of a new hot gas clean-up system, and the schedule, leading to commercial operation in July 1996.

  9. Status of Tampa Electric Company IGCC Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, S.D.

    1992-10-01

    Tampa Electric Company will utilize Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle technology for its new Polk Power Station Unit {number_sign}1. The project is partially funded under the Department of Energy Clean Coal Technology Program Round III. This paper describes the technology to be used, process details, demonstration of a new hot gas clean-up system, and the schedule, leading to commercial operation in July 1996.

  10. The Dona Maria Mining and Milling Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackmar, Frank H.

    1912-06-01

    KU ScholarWorks | The University of Kansas Pre-1923 Dissertations and Theses Collection The Dona Maria Mining and Milling Company 1912 by Frank Hollister Blackmar This work was digitized by the Scholarly Communications program staff in the KU... Libraries’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu A thesis submitted to the department of Mining Engineering of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Mining Engineer. rJj, •» Jf* T3E...

  11. Shell model description of Ge isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. G. Hirsch; P. C. Srivastava

    2012-04-12

    A shell model study of the low energy region of the spectra in Ge isotopes for $38\\leq N\\leq 50$ is presented, analyzing the excitation energies, quadrupole moments, $B(E2)$ values and occupation numbers. The theoretical results have been compared with the available experimental data. The shell model calculations have been performed employing three different effective interactions and valence spaces.We have used two effective shell model interactions, JUN45 and jj44b, for the valence space $f_{5/2} \\, p \\,g_{9/2}$ without truncation. To include the proton subshell $f_{7/2}$ in valence space we have employed the $fpg$ effective interaction due to Sorlin {\\it et al.}, with $^{48}$Ca as a core and a truncation in the number of excited particles.

  12. 3 GeV Injector Design Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiedemann, H.; /SLAC, SSRL

    2009-12-16

    This Design Handbook is intended to be the main reference book for the specifications of the 3 GeV SPEAR booster synchrotron project. It is intended to be a consistent description of the project including design criteria, key technical specifications as well as current design approaches. Since a project is not complete till it's complete changes and modifications of early conceptual designs must be expected during the duration of the construction. Therefore, this Design Handbook is issued as a loose leaf binder so that individual sections can be replaced as needed. Each page will be dated to ease identification with respect to latest revisions. At the end of the project this Design Handbook will have become the 'as built' reference book of the injector for operations and maintenance personnel.

  13. Nucleon Resonances Near 2 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Jun

    2015-01-01

    The nucleon resonances near 2 GeV are investigated through the $\\Sigma$(1385) and $\\Lambda(1520)$ photoproductions within a Regge-plus-resonance approach based on the new experimental data released by the CLAS Collaboration. The $\\Delta(2000)$ and the $N(2120)$ are found essential to reproduce the experimental data and should be assigned as second $[\\Delta 5/2^+]$ and third $[N3/2^-]$ in the constituent quark model, respectively. A calculation of the binding energy and decay pattern supports that the $N(1875)$, which is listed in the PDG as the third $N3/2^-$ nucleon resonance instead of the $N(2120)$, is from the $\\Sigma(1385)K$ interaction rather than a three quark state.

  14. Nanostructure and infrared photoluminescence of nanocrystalline Ge formed by reduction of Si0.75Ge0.25O2 Si0.75Ge0.25 using various H2 pressures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanostructure and infrared photoluminescence of nanocrystalline Ge formed by reduction of Si0.75Ge0.25O2 ÕSi0.75Ge0.25 using various H2 pressures Gianni Taraschi,a) Sajan Saini, Wendy W. Fan, Lionel C Ge in SiO2 was synthesized by the reduction of Si0.75Ge0.25O2 with H2 , at various annealing

  15. Band-engineered Ge-on-Si lasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jifeng

    We report optically-pumped Ge-on-Si lasers with direct gap emission near 1600 nm at room temperature. The Ge-on-Si material was band-engineered by tensile strain and n-type doping to compensate the energy difference between ...

  16. Ge#ng Started on HokieSpeed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    Ge#ng Started on HokieSpeed Advanced Research Computing #12;Advanced Research Compu:ng;Advanced Research Compu:ng Important Login Informa:on · Account sheets provide login Compu:ng Ge#ng Started Steps 1. Sheet distributed provides your training account

  17. Excess carrier lifetimes in Ge layers on Si

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geiger, R., E-mail: richard.geiger@psi.ch, E-mail: hans.sigg@psi.ch; Sigg, H., E-mail: richard.geiger@psi.ch, E-mail: hans.sigg@psi.ch [Laboratory for Micro- and Nanotechnology, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Frigerio, J.; Chrastina, D.; Isella, G. [L-NESS, Dipartimento di Fisica del Politecnico di Milano, Via Anzani 42, 22100 Como (Italy); Süess, M. J. [Laboratory for Micro- and Nanotechnology, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Laboratory for Nanometallurgy, Department of Materials Science, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Scientific Center for Optical and Electron Microscopy (SCOPEM), ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Spolenak, R. [Laboratory for Nanometallurgy, Department of Materials Science, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Faist, J. [Institute for Quantum Electronics, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland)

    2014-02-10

    The excess charge carrier lifetimes in Ge layers grown on Si or germanium-on-insulator are measured by synchrotron based pump-probe transmission spectroscopy. We observe that the lifetimes do not strongly depend on growth parameters and annealing procedure, but on the doping profile. The defect layer at the Ge/Si interface is found to be the main non-radiative recombination channel. Therefore, the longest lifetimes in Ge/Si (2.6?ns) are achieved in sufficiently thick Ge layers with a built-in field, which repels electrons from the Ge/Si interface. Longer lifetimes (5.3?ns) are obtained in overgrown germanium-on-insulator due to the absence of the defective interface.

  18. The thermoelectric properties of Ge/SiGe modulation doped superlattices A. Samarelli, L. Ferre Llin, S. Cecchi, J. Frigerio, T. Etzelstorfer et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hague, Jim

    The thermoelectric properties of Ge/SiGe modulation doped superlattices A. Samarelli, L. Ferre Llin thermoelectric properties of Ge/SiGe modulation doped superlattices A. Samarelli,1 L. Ferre Llin,1 S. Cecchi,2 J June 2013) The thermoelectric and physical properties of superlattices consisting of modulation doped

  19. On atomic structure of Ge huts growing on the Ge/Si(001) wetting layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arapkina, Larisa V.; Yuryev, Vladimir A. [A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 38 Vavilov Street, Moscow, 119991 (Russian Federation)] [A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 38 Vavilov Street, Moscow, 119991 (Russian Federation)

    2013-09-14

    Structural models of growing Ge hut clusters—pyramids and wedges—are proposed on the basis of data of recent STM investigations of nucleation and growth of Ge huts on the Si(001) surface in the process of molecular beam epitaxy. It is shown that extension of a hut base along <110> directions goes non-uniformly during the cluster growth regardless of its shape. Growing pyramids, starting from the second monolayer, pass through cyclic formation of slightly asymmetrical and symmetrical clusters, with symmetrical ones appearing after addition of every fourth monolayer. We suppose that pyramids of symmetrical configurations composed by 2, 6, 10, etc., monolayers over the wetting layer are more stable than asymmetrical ones. This might explain less stability of pyramids in comparison with wedges in dense arrays forming at low temperatures of Ge deposition. Possible nucleation processes of pyramids and wedges on wetting layer patches from identical embryos composed by 8 dimers through formation of 1 monolayer high 16-dimer nuclei different only in their symmetry is discussed. Schematics of these processes are presented. It is concluded from precise STM measurements that top layers of wetting layer patches are relaxed when huts nucleate on them.

  20. Ratio of jet cross sections at root s=630 GeV and 1800 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Coppage, Don; Hebert, C.

    2001-03-01

    The DO Collaboration has measured the inclusive jet cross section in (p) over barp collisions at roots = 630 GeV. The results for pseudorapidities \\ eta \\ < 0.5 are combined with our previous results at roots = 1800 GeV ...

  1. Ion Implanted Ge:B Far Infrard Blocked Impurity Band Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beeman, J.W.; Goyal, S.; Reichertz, L.A.; Haller, E.E.

    2008-01-01

    +16 1.E+15 1.E+14 Depth into Ge Crystal Surface (Å) Figure 5devices does not match that of Ge:Ga photoconductors, whichimplants or stacking devices) Ge IBIB detectors will reach

  2. ALFVEN-WAVE OSCILLATIONS IN A SPHERE, WITH APPLICATIONS TO ELECTRON-HOLE DROPS IN Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markiewicz, R.S.

    2011-01-01

    Rev. B 13,4626 (1976). For Ge(4:2) m is the average of thediscussed for EHD in unstressed Ge (B II )TO ELECI'RON-OOLE DROPS IN Ge R. S. Markiewicz January 1978

  3. NUCLEATION PHENOMENA IN THE FORMATION OF ELECTRON-HOLE DROPS IN Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westervelt, R.M.

    2010-01-01

    lO cjl(K) Symbol erg cm ) Ge - 0.064 T2 Ref. x x Si Ref. T2constructed the ultra-sensitive Ge photodetector which wasand method of mounting. The Ge sample is electrically and

  4. Photo-oxidation of Ge Nanocrystals: Kinetic Measurements by In Situ Raman Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Photo-oxidation of Ge Nanocrystals: Kinetic Measurements byBerkeley, CA, 94720 ABSTRACT Ge nanocrystals are formed inthe Raman spectra of the Ge nanocrystals in-situ. The

  5. Ferromagnetism in Mn-Implanted Epitaxially Grown Ge on Si(100)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guchhait, S.

    2011-01-01

    segregation in Mn-doped Ge”, Journal of Applied Physics 101,Room-temperature ferromagnetism in Ge 1-x Mn x nanowires”,BC high-?/metal gate Ge/C alloy pMOSFETs fabricated directly

  6. Origins of low resistivity and Ge donor level in Ge ion-implanted ZnO bulk single crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamioka, K.; Oga, T.; Izawa, Y.; Kuriyama, K. [College of Engineering and Research Center of Ion Beam Technology, Hosei University Koganei, Tokyo 184-8584 (Japan); Kushida, K. [Departments of Arts and Sciences, Osaka Kyoiku University Kashiwara, Osaka 582-8582 (Japan)

    2013-12-04

    The energy level of Ge in Ge-ion implanted ZnO single crystals is studied by Hall-effect and photoluminescence (PL) methods. The variations in resistivity from ?10{sup 3} ?cm for un-implanted samples to ?10{sup ?2} ?cm for as-implanted ones are observed. The resistivity is further decreased to ?10{sup ?3} ?cm by annealing. The origins of the low resistivity are attributed to both the zinc interstitial (Zn{sub i}) related defects and the electrical activated Ge donor. An activation energy of Ge donors estimated from the temperature dependence of carrier concentration is 102 meV. In PL studies, the new peak at 372 nm (3.33 eV) related to the Ge donor is observed in 1000 °C annealed samples.

  7. GeO{sub 2}/Ge structure submitted to annealing in deuterium: Incorporation pathways and associated oxide modifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bom, N. M.; Soares, G. V.; Hartmann, S.; Bordin, A.; Radtke, C.

    2014-10-06

    Deuterium (D) incorporation in GeO{sub 2}/Ge structures following D{sub 2} annealing was investigated. Higher D concentrations were obtained for GeO{sub 2}/Ge samples in comparison to their SiO{sub 2}/Si counterparts annealed in the same conditions. Oxygen vacancies produced during the annealing step in D{sub 2} constitute defect sites for D incorporation, analogous to defects at the SiO{sub 2}/Si interfacial region. Besides D incorporation, volatilization of the oxide layer is also observed as a consequence of D{sub 2} annealing, especially in the high temperature regime of the present study (>450?°C). In parallel to this volatilization, the stoichiometry and chemical structure of remnant oxide are modified as well. These results evidence the broader impact of forming gas annealing in dielectric/Ge structures with respect to SiO{sub 2}/Si counterparts.

  8. Transient and temperature-dependent phenomena in Ge:Be and Ge:Zn far infrared photoconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haegel, N.M.

    1985-11-01

    An experimental study of the transient and temperature-dependent behavior of Ge:Be and Ge:Zn photoconductors has been performed under the low background photon flux conditions (p dot approx. = 10/sup 8/ photons/second) typical of astronomy and astrophysics applications. The responsivity of Ge:Be and Ge:Zn detectors is strongly temperature-dependent in closely compensated material, and the effect of compensation on free carrier lifetime in Ge:Be has been measured using the photo-Hall effect technique. Closely compensated material has been obtained by controlling the concentration of novel hydrogen-related shallow acceptor complexes, A(Be,H) and A(Zn,H), which exist in doped crystals grown under a H/sub 2/ atmosphere. A review of selection criteria for multilevel materials for optimum photoconductor performance is included. 55 refs., 47 figs.

  9. Ion beam synthesis of SiGe alloy layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Im, Seongil

    1994-05-01

    Procedures required for minimizing structural defects generated during ion beam synthesis of SiGe alloy layers were studied. Synthesis of 200 mm SiGe alloy layers by implantation of 120-keV Ge ions into <100> oriented Si wafers yielded various Ge peak concentrations after the following doses, 2{times}10{sup 16}cm{sup {minus}2}, 3{times}10{sup 16}cm{sup {minus}2} (mid), and 5{times}10{sup 16}cm{sup {minus}2} (high). Following implantation, solid phase epitaxial (SPE) annealing in ambient N2 at 800C for 1 hr. resulted in only slight redistribution of the Ge. Two kinds of extended defects were observed in alloy layers over 3{times}l0{sup 16}cm{sup {minus}2}cm dose at room temperature (RT): end-of-range (EOR) dislocation loops and strain-induced stacking faults. Density of EOR dislocation loops was much lower in alloys produced by 77K implantation than by RT implantation. Decreasing the dose to obtain 5 at% peak Ge concentration prevents strain relaxation, while those SPE layers with more than 7 at% Ge peak show high densities of misfit- induced stacking faults. Sequential implantation of C following high dose Ge implantation (12 at% Ge peak concentration in layer) brought about a remarkable decrease in density of misfit-induced stacking faults. For peak implanted C > 0.55 at%, stacking fault generation in the epitaxial layer was suppressed, owing to strain compensation by C atoms in the SiGe lattice. A SiGe alloy layer with 0.9 at% C peak concentration under a 12 at% Ge peak exhibited the best microstructure. Results indicate that optimum Ge/C ratio for strain compensation is between 11 and 22. The interface between amorphous and regrown phases (a/c interface) had a dramatic morphology change during its migration to the surface. Initial <100> planar interface decomposes into a <111> faceted interface, changing the growth kinetics; this is associated with strain relaxation by stacking fault formation on (111) planes in the a/c interface.

  10. Atomic geometry of mixed Ge-Si dimers in the initial-stage growth of Ge on Si,,001...2 1 X. Chen* and D. K. Saldin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Atomic geometry of mixed Ge-Si dimers in the initial-stage growth of Ge on Si,,001...2 1 X. Chen quantitatively the geometry of mixed Ge-Si dimers on a single domain Si 001 2 1 surface by azimuthal scanning core-level photoelectron diffraction. By analyzing Ge 3d diffraction patterns from Ge/Si 001 at 0.1 ML

  11. Department of Energy Funds Six Companies to Develop Advanced...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Magnet Lab in Palm Bay, Florida; Boulder Wind Power in Boulder, Colorado; Clipper Windpower in Carpinteria, California; Eaton Corporation in Cleveland, Ohio; GE Global Research...

  12. Environmental, Health and Safety Assessment: ATS 7H Program (Phase 3R) Test Activities at the GE Power Systems Gas Turbine Manufacturing Facility, Greenville, SC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-11-17

    International Technology Corporation (IT) was contracted by General Electric Company (GE) to assist in the preparation of an Environmental, Health and Safety (HI&3) assessment of the implementation of Phase 3R of the Advanced Turbine System (ATS) 7H program at the GE Gas Turbines facility located in Greenville, South Carolina. The assessment was prepared in accordance with GE's contractual agreement with the U.S. Department of Energy (GE/DOE Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-95MC3 1176) and supports compliance with the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1970. This report provides a summary of the EH&S review and includes the following: General description of current site operations and EH&S status, Description of proposed ATS 7H-related activities and discussion of the resulting environmental, health, safety and other impacts to the site and surrounding area. Listing of permits and/or licenses required to comply with federal, state and local regulations for proposed 7H-related activities. Assessment of adequacy of current and required permits, licenses, programs and/or plans.

  13. United Power Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, New York:Power Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: United

  14. The Lanly Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5thInformationComparison withLanly Company

  15. Esmeralda Energy Company | Open Energy Information

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  16. Exelon Energy Company | Open Energy Information

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  17. Massachusetts Electric Company | Open Energy Information

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  18. DMS Company Ltd | Open Energy Information

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  19. Dongying Shengdong Machinery Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. AEP Texas North Company | Open Energy Information

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  1. Ningbo Veken Battery Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Northeast Biodiesel Company LLC | Open Energy Information

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  3. Peninsula Light Company | Open Energy Information

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  4. Peninsula Power Company Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. Property:CompanyOwnership | Open Energy Information

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  6. Property:CompanyType | Open Energy Information

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  7. Green Automotive Company Inc | Open Energy Information

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  8. South Jersey Energy Company | Open Energy Information

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  9. Texas Solar Power Company | Open Energy Information

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  10. The Timken Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  11. US Operating Services Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  12. Ukrainian Energy Service Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. Utility Companies | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZ ClimateFeedUratMaringaTaquaraUtah +Auditing

  14. Valero Refining Company - NJ | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZUtility Rates API VersionVadium JumpDoIvaiValero

  15. Silvan Power Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbH Jump to: navigation,ShowSikesSilvan Power Company

  16. Wellsboro Electric Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw, Poland:EnergyWe Energy WindWellington MiddleCompany Jump

  17. Applied Technologies Company Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex A S Jump to:AngolaEnergy Management JumpTechnologies Company

  18. Advanced Energy Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolar Energy LLCAdema Technologies Inc JumpAdobeCompany Jump to:

  19. Chief Energy Company LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR JumpMaine:WestTexas: Energy Resources JumpEnergy Company LLC

  20. Frontier Power Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprint VenturesColorado: EnergyFrontier Power Company

  1. Gemini Solar Development Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. General Biomass Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXAGemini Solar Development Company

  3. Good Company Associates Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlantMagma Energy GroupDOE GoldenPanhandleCompany

  4. HL Power Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to:Wind FarmCompany Jump to:

  5. Houlton Water Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea,Magazine Jump to:II WindHoulton Water Company

  6. Cruising Equipment Company CECO | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation EU-UNDPCross-LaminatedCruising Equipment Company

  7. Dow Chemical Company | Open Energy Information

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  8. Company Template (Fixed Support) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartment ofCommercial GradeDepartment of Energy -11,Company

  9. Ocean Renewable Power Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd|Northfork ElectricName01988) | OpenThePower Company

  10. American Tower Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE.EnergyWoodenDateSA JumpSolar PV JumpControlEnergyCompany

  11. GeV Emission from Collisional Magnetized Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Mészáros; M. J. Rees

    2011-04-26

    Magnetic fields may play a dominant role in gamma-ray bursts, and recent observations by the Fermi satellite indicate that GeV radiation, when detected, arrives delayed by seconds from the onset of the MeV component. Motivated by this, we discuss a magnetically dominated jet model where both magnetic dissipation and nuclear collisions are important. We show that, for parameters typical of the observed bursts, such a model involving a realistic jet structure can reproduce the general features of the MeV and a separate GeV radiation component, including the time delay between the two. The model also predicts a multi-GeV neutrino component.

  12. THE COMPANY Meridian Sciences, Inc., a Nevada Corporation, ("MSI", or the "Company") is licensing customers to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Touretzky, David S.

    vast changes in both physical and biological industrial processes. Battery- like in nature, the polar The Company believes that the polar (plus-minus) nature of the nanometer-sized MC will enhance the efficiency-blended refined products that have significantly lower pollution gas emissions and have significantly higher fuel

  13. GE Store for Technology is Open for Business | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities Nuclear Physics (NP)aboutRio deCooperation atThe GE

  14. Greatly improved interfacial passivation of in-situ high ? dielectric deposition on freshly grown molecule beam epitaxy Ge epitaxial layer on Ge(100)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, R. L. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Liu, Y. C.; Lee, W. C.; Huang, M. L.; Kwo, J., E-mail: raynien@phys.nthu.edu.tw, E-mail: mhong@phys.ntu.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Lin, T. D.; Hong, M., E-mail: raynien@phys.nthu.edu.tw, E-mail: mhong@phys.ntu.edu.tw [Graduate Institute of Applied Physics and Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Pi, T. W. [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China)

    2014-05-19

    A high-quality high-?/Ge interface has been achieved by combining molecule beam epitaxy grown Ge epitaxial layer and in-situ deposited high ? dielectric. The employment of Ge epitaxial layer has sucessfully buried and/or removed the residue of unfavorable carbon and native oxides on the chemically cleaned and ultra-high vacuum annealed Ge(100) wafer surface, as studied using angle-resolved x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Moreover, the scanning tunneling microscopy analyses showed the significant improvements in Ge surface roughness from 3.5?Å to 1?Å with the epi-layer growth. Thus, chemically cleaner, atomically more ordered, and morphologically smoother Ge surfaces were obtained for the subsquent deposition of high ? dielectrics, comparing with those substrates without Ge epi-layer. The capacitance-voltage (C-V) characteristics and low extracted interfacial trap density (D{sub it}) reveal the improved high-?/Ge interface using the Ge epi-layer approach.

  15. Atomic layer-by-layer oxidation of Ge (100) and (111) surfaces by plasma post oxidation of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ge structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Rui [School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan) [School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, 22 Hankou Road, Nanjing 210093 (China); Huang, Po-Chin; Lin, Ju-Chin; Takenaka, Mitsuru; Takagi, Shinichi [School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)] [School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

    2013-02-25

    The ultrathin GeO{sub x}/Ge interfaces formed on Ge (100) and (111) surfaces by applying plasma post oxidation to thin Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Ge structures are characterized in detail using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and transmission electron microscopy. It is found that the XPS signals assigned to Ge 1+ and the 2+ states in the GeO{sub x} layers by post plasma oxidation have oscillating behaviors on Ge (100) surfaces in a period of {approx}0.3 nm with an increase in the GeO{sub x} thickness. Additionally, the oscillations of the signals assigned to Ge 1+ and 2+ states show opposite phase to each other. The similar oscillation behaviors are also confirmed on Ge (111) surfaces for Ge 1+ and 3+ states in a period of {approx}0.5 nm. These phenomena can be strongly regarded as an evidence of the atomic layer-by-layer oxidation of GeO{sub x}/Ge interfaces on Ge (100) and (111) surfaces.

  16. Investigations of segregation phenomena in highly strained Mn-doped Ge wetting layers and Ge quantum dots embedded in silicon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prestat, E., E-mail: eric.prestat@gmail.com; Porret, C.; Favre-Nicolin, V.; Tainoff, D.; Boukhari, M.; Bayle-Guillemaud, P.; Jamet, M.; Barski, A., E-mail: andre.barski@cea.com [INAC, SP2M, CEA and Université Joseph Fourier, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France)

    2014-03-10

    In this Letter, we investigate manganese diffusion and the formation of Mn precipitates in highly strained, few monolayer thick, Mn-doped Ge wetting layers and nanometric size Ge quantum dot heterostructures embedded in silicon. We show that in this Ge(Mn)/Si system manganese always precipitates and that the size and the position of Mn clusters (precipitates) depend on the growth temperature. At high growth temperature, manganese strongly diffuses from germanium to silicon, whereas decreasing the growth temperature reduces the manganese diffusion. In the germanium quantum dots layers, Mn precipitates are detected, not only in partially relaxed quantum dots but also in fully strained germanium wetting layers between the dots.

  17. Direct band gap narrowing in highly doped Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Zhaohong

    Direct band gap narrowing in highly doped n-type Ge is observed through photoluminescence measurements by determining the spectrum peak shift. A linear relationship between the direct band gap emission and carrier concentration ...

  18. Growth strategies to control tapering in Ge nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Periwal, P.; Baron, T., E-mail: thierry.baron@cea.fr; Salem, B.; Bassani, F. [Laboratoire des Technologies de la Microelectronique (LTM), UMR 5129 CNRS-UJF, CEA Grenoble, 17 Rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France); Gentile, P. [SiNaPs Laboratory SP2M, UMR-E, CEA/UJF-Grenoble 1, INAC, 38054 Grenoble (France)

    2014-04-01

    We report the effect of PH{sub 3} on the morphology of Au catalyzed Ge nanowires (NWs). Ge NWs were grown on Si (111) substrate at 400?°C in the presence of PH{sub 3}, using vapor-liquid-solid method by chemical vapor deposition. We show that high PH{sub 3}/GeH{sub 4} ratio causes passivation at NW surface. At high PH{sub 3} concentration phosphorous atoms attach itself on NW surface and form a self-protection coating that prevents conformal growth and leads to taper free nanostructures. However, in case of low PH{sub 3} flux the combination of axial and radial growth mechanism occurs resulting in conical structure. We have also investigated axial PH{sub 3}-intrinsic junctions in Ge NWs. The unusual NW shape is attributed to a combination of catalyzed, uncatalyzed and diffusion induced growth.

  19. Nanocrystalline Ge Flash Memories: Electrical Characterization and Trap Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kan, Eric Win Hong

    Conventional floating gate non-volatile memories (NVMs) present critical issues for device scalability beyond the sub-90 nm node, such as gate length and tunnel oxide thickness reduction. Nanocrystalline germanium (nc-Ge) ...

  20. Discovery of Isotopes of Elements with Z $\\ge$ 100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Thoennessen

    2012-03-09

    Currently, 163 isotopes of elements with Z $\\ge$ 100 have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  1. Ge-on-Si laser operating at room temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jifeng

    Monolithic lasers on Si are ideal for high-volume and large-scale electronic–photonic integration. Ge is an interesting candidate owing to its pseudodirect gap properties and compatibility with Si complementary metal oxide ...

  2. GE launches 'STEM empowers OK' initiative in Oklahoma City |...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GE, OCAST and OSSM Partner to Launch "STEM Empowers OK" Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new...

  3. "Big Picture" Process Modeling Tools |GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Using process modeling tools to attain cost-effective results for GE customers Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click...

  4. Kids Invention: Vision of the Future |GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Bring your Child to Work Day, to student mentoring, teaching in the class room, Invention Convention and Science Day. To take the message nationally, GE teamed up with the...

  5. The Need for Biological Computation System Models | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2012.10.09 Hello everyone, I'm Maria Zavodszky and I work in the Computational Biology and Biostatistics Lab at GE Global Research in Niskayuna, New York. This being our...

  6. Demonstration of 2nd Generation Ducted GE "Brillion" Hybrid Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sharing partners. #12;Project Synopsis Evaluate the performance and demand response (DR) of the Gen II GE/frequency response) in the PNW and nationwide (Lu et al, 2011; Diao et al 2012) The demand response characteristics

  7. Carrier Density Modulation in Ge Heterostructure by Ferroelectric Switching

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ponath, Patrick; Fredrickson, Kurt; Posadas, Agham B.; Ren, Yuan; Vasudevan, Rama K; Okatan, Mahmut Baris; Jesse, Stephen; Aoki, Toshihiro; McCartney, Martha; Smith, David J; Kalinin, Sergei V; Lai, Keji; Demkov, Alexander A.

    2015-01-01

    The development of nonvolatile logic through direct coupling of spontaneous ferroelectric polarization with semiconductor charge carriers is nontrivial, with many issues, including epitaxial ferroelectric growth, demonstration of ferroelectric switching, and measurable semiconductor modulation. Here we report a true ferroelectric field effect carrier density modulation in an underlying Ge(001) substrate by switching of the ferroelectric polarization in the epitaxial c-axis-oriented BaTiO3 (BTO) grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on Ge. Using density functional theory, we demonstrate that switching of BTO polarization results in a large electric potential change in Ge. Aberration-corrected electron microscopy confirms the interface sharpness, and BTO tetragonality. Electron-energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) indicates the absence of any low permittivity interlayer at the interface with Ge. Using piezoelectric force microscopy (PFM), we confirm the presence of fully switchable, stable ferroelectric polarization in BTO that appears to be single domain. Using microwave impedance microscopy (MIM), we clearly demonstrate a ferroelectric field effect.

  8. Technology makes reds "pop" in LED displays | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reveal and Energy Smart consumer brands, and Evolve(tm), GTx(tm), Immersion(tm), Infusion(tm), Lumination(tm), Albeo(tm) and Tetra commercial brands, all trademarks of GE....

  9. Peninsula Light Company- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Peninsula Light Company offers a rebate program for residential customers who want to install energy efficient products in homes. Rebates are provided for window replacements, water heaters, heat...

  10. EA-97-D Portland General Electric Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Portland General Electric Company Order authorizing PGE to export electric energy to Canada. EA-97-D PGE (CN).pdf More Documents & Publications Application to Export Electric...

  11. Peninsula Light Company- Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Peninsula Light Company (PLC) offers a rebate program for commercial customers who wish to upgrade to energy efficient lighting. Participating customers must be served by PLC commercial service....

  12. Sandia Energy - ECIS and UOP (a Honewell Company): CSTs Clean...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    UOP (a Honewell Company): CSTs Clean Radioactive Waste in Fukushima and Worldwide Home Energy Nuclear Energy Partnership Research & Capabilities Materials Science ECIS and UOP (a...

  13. EECBG Success Story: Seven Cities and a Utility Company Team...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    management software company OPOWER to help nearly 100,000 residents reduce their home energy consumption. The program, which was made possible in part by Energy Efficiency and...

  14. QER- Comment of Pacific Gas and Electric Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PG&E is committed to protecting our customers' privacy. To learn more, please visit http://www.pge.com/about/company/privacy/customer/

  15. Town of Wellesley, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Town of Wellesley, Massachusetts (Utility Company) (Redirected from Wellesley Municipal Light Plant) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wellesley Town of Address: 2 Municipal Way...

  16. CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company are

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HILL Plateau Remediation Company are safely removing contaminated equipment from the Plutonium Finishing Plant once used to produce plutonium during the Cold War at the Hanford...

  17. Comments of Southern Company Services, Inc. on DOE Request for...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    for Information-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Customers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy Comments of Southern Company...

  18. Kentucky Utilities Company- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

     Kentucky Utilities Company's Home Energy Rebate program provides incentives for residential customers to upgrade to energy efficiency home appliances and heat and air conditioning equipment. ...

  19. Tetramer Technologies, one of Clemson's most successful startup companies, is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Tetramer Technologies, one of Clemson's most successful startup companies, is bringing research." On the cover: Tetramer Technologies, one of Clemson's most successful startups, has developed advanced

  20. Asset Score Webinar Slides: Energy Efficiency Services Companies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Score Webinar Slides: Energy Efficiency Services Companies The Asset Score is a free, web-based software tool developed by DOE and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory...

  1. Campbell Soup Company: Harmonizing Processes and Empowering Workers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Jeanne W.

    2008-06-01

    In 2007 Campbell Soup Company was implementing Project Harmony: a multi-year effort to implement SAP and create more standardized and integrated business processes across

  2. Thirteen Major Companies Join Energy Department's Workplace Charging...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    electric vehicles is expanding dramatically, giving drivers more options to save money on gasoline while reducing carbon pollution," said Secretary Chu. "These 13 companies are...

  3. Members of a workshop at the tenth IAYC Conference, July 7, 2006 1. ge -hak -te le -ber, ge -fil -te -fish: sha-bes iz a far -ge -ni -gn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finkel, Raphael

    A SUDE Members of a workshop at the tenth IAYC Conference, July 7, 2006 = 90 4 4 1. ge - hak - te le - ber, ge - fil - te - fish: sha- bes iz a far - ge - ni - gn 2. kha - le gri - vn, ku - gl yoykh: ku - men on di ma - khe - to - nem. 3. shtru - dl, tsi - mes, zi - se kalte: a su - de vos men vet ge

  4. GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 7, Feb 2013, JC Program Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 7, Feb 2013, JC Program Change Pathway Today's Date to General English. How many sessions of GE do you wish to request? 1 2 3 4 (GE sessions are 5 weeks) How many GE hours do you wish to take? 21 hours 27 hours OR ____ I am a Pathway student, and I would like

  5. CTu2J.1.pdf CLEO Technical Digest OSA 2012 Light Emission in Ge Quantum Wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, David A. B.

    CTu2J.1.pdf CLEO Technical Digest © OSA 2012 Light Emission in Ge Quantum Wells Edward T. Fei1 Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA edfei@stanford.edu Abstract: We present the Ge/SiGe and electroluminescence show enhanced optical properties over bulk Ge. Further optical enhancement is observed in disk

  6. College of Engineering Partner Schools Australia Melbourne University, Melbourne GE3*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Tonghun

    College of Engineering Partner Schools Australia Melbourne University, Melbourne ­ GE3* University of New South Wales, New South Wales ­ GE3* Austria Technical University of Vienna, Vienna - GE3* Chile Universidad del Bio Bio, Concepcion China Xiamen University, Xiamen ­ GE3* Denmark Aalborg University, Aalborg

  7. On the Comparison of Fisher Information of the Weibull and GE Distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Debasis

    On the Comparison of Fisher Information of the Weibull and GE Distributions Rameshwar D. Gupta exponen- tial (GE) and Weibull distributions for complete and Type-I censored observations. Fisher is much more than the GE distribution. We compute the total information of the Weibull and GE

  8. GE Hosts Visit by DOE to Kick Off High-Efficiency GeneratorDevelopment Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    history of working with the DOE on critical energy programs. Jon Ebacher, Vice President of GE PowerGE Hosts Visit by DOE to Kick Off High-Efficiency GeneratorDevelopment Program Technology Expected of Energy (DOE) recently met with representatives of GE Power Systems and the GE Global Research Center

  9. Orange-green emission from porous Si coated with Ge films: The role of Ge-related defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Haydn H.

    Orange-green emission from porous Si coated with Ge films: The role of Ge-related defects X. L. Wua. A new orange-green PL band, centered at 2.25 eV, was observed with full-width at half-maximum of 0.1 e coated, the new PL band remains unchanged in peak energy but drops abruptly in intensity. Spectral

  10. Strain-induced self-assembly of Ge nanodashes, nanodumbbells, and dot chains on Si(001)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, J. J. [Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, 01069 Dresden (Germany) [Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, 01069 Dresden (Germany); Centre for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology, School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia); Schmidt, O. G. [Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, 01069 Dresden (Germany) [Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, 01069 Dresden (Germany); Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden, TU Dresden (Germany)

    2013-09-30

    We investigate the growth of self-assembled Ge nanostructures on top of embedded Ge nanowires on Si(001) substrates. Ge nanostructures, such as nanodashes, nanodumbbells, and dot chains are observed simply by tuning the growth temperature and thickness of the Si spacer between the Ge layers. The self-assembly process is governed by the surface strain fields generated by the embedded Ge nanowires and is well-described by our theoretical calculations. The catalyst-free and horizontal growth of such Ge nanostructures directly on Si(001) is attractive for investigating exotic transport properties through Si/Ge-based quantum devices.

  11. Faculty of MANAGEMENT Alberta Oil & Gas Company1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakayama, Marvin K.

    Faculty of MANAGEMENT Alberta Oil & Gas Company1 Daphne Jackson, operations manager for Alberta Oil & Gas Company (AOGC) hangs up the phone in her home. Her boss, Will Russell, has phoned from Calgary's interest in the Waptaman oil field. Ordinarily, Will would lead such negotiations himself, but he has been

  12. THE STRUCTURE OF PATENT AUTHORSHIP NETWORKS IN JAPANESE MANUFACTURING COMPANIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thawonmas, Ruck

    THE STRUCTURE OF PATENT AUTHORSHIP NETWORKS IN JAPANESE MANUFACTURING COMPANIES Kohei Tsuda, Frank@is.ritsumei.ac.jp, ruck@ci.ritsumei.ac.jp Keywords: Patent, Inventorship networks, Power law. Abstract: Technological of these strategies is the creation of patents, which help eliminate or contain competition. Companies seek to learn

  13. The Davey Tree Expert Company Davey Foundation Arbor Grant Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of intent explaining future plans and financial need must be attached. Grades do not have to be fromThe Davey Tree Expert Company Davey Foundation Arbor Grant Program Purpose To provide financial Administrator, Education and Training Services The Davey Tree Expert Company 1500 North Mantua Street Kent, Ohio

  14. Hiring Scenario Employee You have interviewed with a local company.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Vicki H.

    Hiring Scenario Employee You have interviewed with a local company. The hiring manager calls you and offers you a job at $40,000 yearly base salary plus benefits. This is a great company a family history of depression. Depending on if you have another job offer, if you are currently working

  15. Financial Cash Flow Determinants of Company Failure in the Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    Financial Cash Flow Determinants of Company Failure in the Construction Industry by Ihab to thank my family. They have always been a source of inspiration, encouragement and love, and I would xi Chapter 1: Introduction 1 1.1 Construction Company Failure Statistics 6 1.2 Overview

  16. Vet’s company installing solar across Massachusetts

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dan Leary, a U.S. Army veteran, is president of Nexamp Inc., a clean energy company that specializes in solar installation. Dan founded the company in 2006 and has witnessed its impressive growth from six employees to 65 and counting as of July 2010.

  17. The state of the energy service company today

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mozzo, M.A. Jr.

    1998-10-01

    Energy service companies have been around for several years. Every year, experts predict their demise. The traditional energy service company (ESCo), whose work utilizes utility rebates, will probably be long gone as rebates disappear. The new energy service company will arise in this industry. This new company will be one that can provide a vast menu of services to their customers. These services can include, but are not necessarily limited to, the following: (1) corporate energy management services, (2) natural gas transportation services, (3) electrical deregulation services, (4) energy engineering services, (5) economics and forecasting, and (6) project financing. The new energy service company must have the engineering, financial, and managerial resources and skills to provide these services. It must also have the ability to recognize the needs of a changing industry and adapt to these changes in order to survive and ultimately provide a benefit to society.

  18. Test Plan for Westinghouse Hanford Company`s Hedgehog Shielded Container, Docket 94-39-7A, Type A Container

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, D.L.

    1995-02-27

    This report documents the US Department of Transportation Specification 7A Type A (DOT-7A) compliance testing to be followed for qualification of the Westinghouse Hanford Company`s Hedgehog Shielded Container for use as a Type A packaging. The packaging configurations being tested are intended for liquids and solids, and for air transportation.

  19. TEM Study on the Evolution of Ge Nanocrystals in Si Oxide Matrix as a Function of Ge Concentration and the Si Reduction Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chew, Han Guan

    Growth and evolution of germanium (Ge) nanocrystals embedded into a silicon oxide (SiO?) system have been studied based on the Ge content of co-sputtered Ge-SiO? films using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray ...

  20. Managing Knowledge in a High Tech Company: Knowledge Sharing about Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danziger, Jim; Hull, Suzanne M.

    2000-01-01

    Managing Knowledge in a High Tech Company: Knowledge SharingMANAGING KNOWLEDGE IN A HIGH TECH COMPANY: KNOWLEDGE SHARINGend users in a large, high-tech company. There is widespread

  1. Design for implementation : redesigning a planning process in a multinational company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azrielant, Liron

    2011-01-01

    As a consumer-packaged-goods company dealing with multiple suppliers, "Company X" (the company's real name has been disguised) has a clear need for an accurate raw material forecast. The current planning process has not ...

  2. VEE-0085 - In the Matter of Smith Brothers Gas Company | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    VEE-0085 - In the Matter of Smith Brothers Gas Company VEE-0085 - In the Matter of Smith Brothers Gas Company On April 18, 2002, Smith Brothers Gas Company (Smith) filed an...

  3. ARCO Chemical Company Research and Engineering Center, "The Meadows" [The Inhabited Landscape: An Exhibition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ltd., Hanna/Olin

    1988-01-01

    D ARCO Chemical Company Research and Engineering C e n t eA R C O Chemical Company Research and Engineering Center, "A ARCO Chemical Company Research and Engineering Center, " T

  4. PP-89-1 Bangor Hydro-Electric Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PP-89-1 Bangor Hydro-Electric Company PP-89-1 Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Presidental permit authorizing Bangor Hydro-Electric Company to construc, operate and maintain electric...

  5. The 6 GeV TMD Program at Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Puckett, Andrew J.

    2015-01-01

    The study of the transverse momentum dependent parton distributions (TMDs) of the nucleon in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) has emerged as one of the major physics motivations driving the experimental program using the upgraded 11 GeV electron beam at Jefferson Lab’s Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF). The accelerator construction phase of the CEBAF upgrade is essentially complete and commissioning of the accelerator has begun as of April, 2014. As the new era of CEBAF operations begins, it is appropriate to review the body of published and forthcoming results on TMDs from the 6 GeV era of CEBAF operations, discuss what has been learned, and discuss the key challenges and opportunities for the 11 GeV SIDIS program of CEBAF.

  6. Appraisal Seattle, Renton and Southern Railway Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, John H.

    1913-01-01

    ’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu A Civil Engineering thesis of the University of Kansas APPRAISAL BEUTLE REHTON M D SOUTHERN RAILWAY COMPANY i l O C ^ I I N D E X L e t t e r o f T r a n s m i t t a l , H i s t o r y... , Purpose and Scope o f A p p r a i s a l , Cost o f R e p r o d u c t i o n , D i s c u s s i o n o Cost o f R e p r o d u c t i o n , E s t i m a t e o f , D e p r e c i a t e d V a l u e , D i s c u s s i o n o f , D e p r e c i a t e d V a l u e...

  7. Effect of mixed Ge/Si cross-linking on the physical properties of amorphous Ge-Si-Te networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gunasekera, K.; Boolchand, P. [School of Electronics and Computing Systems, College of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0030 (United States); Micoulaut, M., E-mail: mmi@lptl.jussieu.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique de la Matière Condensée, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France)

    2014-04-28

    Amorphous Ge{sub x}Si{sub x}Te{sub 1?2x} glasses are studied as a function of composition by a combination of experimental and theoretical methods, allowing for a full description of the network structure in relationship with physico-chemical properties. Calorimetric and thermal measurements reveal that such glasses display an anomalous behavior across a range of compositions x{sub c1}=7.5% and Ge, Si) are increased. The structural manifestation of these anomalies is understood from ?{sup 119}Sn Mössbauer spectroscopy and First Principles Molecular Dynamics at selected compositions (Ge{sub 20}Te{sub 80}, Si{sub 20}Te{sub 80}, and Ge{sub 10}Si{sub 10}Te{sub 80}). The numerical models reveal the quite different roles played by the modifier or network cross-linker Ge or Si atoms, Si being more tetrahedral in sp{sup 3} geometry, whereas Mössbauer spectroscopy shows that the nature of chemical bonding is dramatically changed around x??8%. The precise evolution of the local structure and chemical bonding ultimately allows understanding the origin of the intermediate phase in these complex tellurides.

  8. C incorporation in epitaxial Ge1yCy layers grown on Ge,,001...: An ab initio study D. Gall, J. D'Arcy-Gall, and J. E. Greene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gall, Daniel

    C incorporation in epitaxial Ge1ÀyCy layers grown on Ge,,001...: An ab initio study D. Gall, J. D lattice site configurations in fully coherent Ge1 yCy layers grown on Ge 001 . Calculations using strained configuration involving only one C atom per configura- tion. The bond-centered interstitial and the Ge-C split

  9. Policy Functions as Law: Legislative Forbearance in China's Asset Management Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Berry Fong-Chung; Arner, Douglas; Wan, Qun

    2006-01-01

    Working Paper: The Use of Asset Management Companies in theand the decentralized asset management approach), availableji- anjie [China Orient Asset Management Corp. - Company

  10. Social Capital, ICT Use and Company Performance: Findings from the Medicon Valley Biotech Cluster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinfield, Charles

    Social Capital, ICT Use and Company Performance: Findings from the Medicon Valley Biotech Cluster Valley biotech region located in Denmark and Southern Sweden. Responding companies included established

  11. Incidence of Negative Appendectomy: Experience From a Company Hospital in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osime, O C; Ajayi, P A

    2005-01-01

    From a Company Hospital in Nigeria OC Osime, FMCS, FICSHospital Benin City, Nigeria ABSTRACT Objective: The aim ofin a company hospital in Nigeria. Background: Appendicitis

  12. Terra Nitrogen Company, L.P.: Ammonia Plant Greatly Reduces Natural...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Terra Nitrogen Company, L.P.: Ammonia Plant Greatly Reduces Natural Gas Consumption After Energy Assessment Terra Nitrogen Company, L.P.: Ammonia Plant Greatly Reduces Natural Gas...

  13. Field-induced quantum criticality in YbAgGe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bud'ko, S.; Canfield, P.

    2008-01-01

    YbAgGe is one of the very few stoichiometric, Yb-based, heavy fermion materials that exhibit field-induced quantum criticality. We will present an overview of thermodynamic and transport measurements in YbAgGe single crystals. Moderate magnetic field (45-90 kOe, depending on orientation) suppresses long range magnetic order, giving rise to non-Fermi-liquid behavior followed at higher field by a crossover to a heavy Fermi-liquid. Given the more accessible temperature and field scales, a non-Fermi liquid region rather than point for T {yields} 0 K may be detected.

  14. Practice, power and learning in UK recorded music companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colbourne, Rick

    2011-10-11

      Afterword 244  11  References 250    Practice, Power and Learning in UK Recorded Music Companies   © Rick Colbourne 2010  vi Tables Table 1?1: Company UK Market Share (% Unit Sales)  2  Table 1?2: UK Retail Values  3  Table 1?3: Increased Market...   companies  have  been  struggling  to  address  declining  revenues,  increased competition  from non?traditional competitors, downward pressure on  retail prices and on?going market uncertainty (BPI 2006).  1.1.1 Decline in Physical Sales From 2001 to 2006...

  15. Thinking globally - acting locally an energy company`s response to land stewardship

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIntyre, D. [Sasaki Associates, Inc., Watertown, MA (United States)

    1995-12-01

    This paper explores the application of contemporary land use planning principles in the Kingdom of Saudi Aramco, the world`s largest oil company, relative to Company-controlled land located in the Eastern Province of the Kingdom. The Eastern Province is the world`s most productive hydrocarbon resource. The Province has witnessed extraordinary industrialization over 25 years due to the exploitation of the oil resource. Saudi Aramco commissioned the planning study to set a course of action which fully considers the consequences such development may have on the social, economic and environmental characteristics of the metropolitan area. In addition to existing developed areas, the study area encompasses a unique desert environment including salts flats, native vegetation, habitat for migrating wildlife and extraordinary geologic formations overlying an important water resource. A Master Plan established a framework of land use, open space, transportation and infrastructure to guide the development of the region over the next 25 years. The Plan emphasizes the redevelopment of industrialized areas for other uses leveraging capital investment to improve quality of the built environment and establishes institutional mechanisms necessary to fully achieve implementation. The study is innovative because (1) a global energy company assumes a leadership role in stewarding its land resource, (2) incorporates contemporary land use planning techniques within a context where such planning is absent, (3) emphasizes redevelopment of industrialized areas, where historically development has simply been directed to the next available undeveloped site, and (4) applies the principles of sustainable land use planning by responding to cultural influences, strengthening local economies and preserving important natural assets. The study establishes a precendent for {open_quotes}corporate environmentalism{close_quotes}and offers a model approach to land use planning in the developing world.

  16. Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, S.D.; Shafer, J.R.

    1994-12-31

    Tampa Electric Company (TEC) is in the construction phase for the new Polk Power Station, Unit {number_sign}1. This will be the first unit at a new site and will use Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology for power generation. The unit will utilize oxygen-blown entrained-flow coal gasification, along with combined cycle technology, to provide nominal net 26OMW of generation. As part of the environmental features of this process, the sulfur species in the coal will be recovered as a commercial grade sulfuric acid by-product. The sulfur will be removed from the synthesis gas utilizing a cold gas clean-up system (CGCU).

  17. Direct band gap optical emission from Ge islands grown on relaxed Si{sub 0.5}Ge{sub 0.5}/Si (100) substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aluguri, R.; Manna, S.; Ray, S. K., E-mail: physkr@phy.iitkgp.ernet.in [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (India)

    2014-01-07

    Strained Ge islands have been grown on fully relaxed Si{sub 0.5}Ge{sub 0.5} substrate by pulsed laser ablation technique. The formation of strained Ge islands has been found for film with higher thickness following Stranski–Krastanov growth mechanism. The variation of strain with changing Ge layer thickness has been analyzed using Raman spectroscopy and high-resolution X-ray diffraction techniques. X-ray photoelectron spectra have shown the absence of any Si-Ge intermixing and oxidation of Ge films. A strong no-phonon photoluminescence emission from Ge islands has been observed, showing the superior optical characteristics of the islands grown on relaxed substrate.

  18. Giant Piezoelectricity in Monolayer Group IV Monochalcogenides: SnSe, SnS, GeSe and GeS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fei, Ruixiang; Li, Ju; Yang, Li

    2015-01-01

    We predict enormous piezoelectric effects in intrinsic monolayer group IV monochalcogenides (MX, M=Sn or Ge, X=Se or S), including SnSe, SnS, GeSe and GeS. Using first-principle simulations based on the modern theory of polarization, we find that their characteristic piezoelectric coefficients are about two orders of magnitude larger than those of other 2D materials, such as MoS2 and GaSe, and bulk quartz and AlN which are widely used in industry. This enhancement is a result of the unique "puckered" D2h symmetry and weaker chemical bonds of monolayer group IV monochalcogenides. Given the achieved experimental advances in fabrication of monolayers, their flexible character and ability to withstand enormous strain, these 2D structures with giant piezoelectric effects may be promising for a broad range of applications, such as nano-sized sensors, piezotronics, and energy harvesting in portable electronic devices.

  19. INFLUENCE OF SUBSTRATE OFF-CUT ON THE DEFECT STRUCTURE IN RELAXED GRADED Si-Ge/Si LAYERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INFLUENCE OF SUBSTRATE OFF-CUT ON THE DEFECT STRUCTURE IN RELAXED GRADED Si-Ge/Si LAYERS SRIKANTH B and Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095. ABSTRACT Relaxed graded Si-Ge/Si layers can of these applications requires a different final Ge concentration in the graded Si-Ge layer. With increasing Ge content

  20. GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 11, Feb 2013, JC Program Change General English or Academic English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 11, Feb 2013, JC Program Change ­ General English of GE do you wish to request? 1 2 3 4 (GE sessions are 5 weeks) How many GE hours do you wish to take ______________________________________________ Date _________________ #12;GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 11, Feb 2013, JC Please submit

  1. Strategy Guideline: Transitioning HVAC Companies to Whole House Performance Contractors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burdick, A.

    2012-05-01

    This report describes the findings from research IBACOS conducted related to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) companies who have made the decision to transition to whole house performance contracting (WHPC).

  2. VEE-0039- In the Matter of Froman Oil Company

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On February 11, 1997, Froman Oil Company (Froman) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy. In its Application, Froman requests that it...

  3. VEE-0032- In the Matter of Thomas Oil Company

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On September 13, 1996, Thomas Oil Company (Thomas Oil) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application, Thomas...

  4. Do Small Companies Care About Energy Savings?: A Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrawal, S.; Jensen, R.

    1998-01-01

    Often times small companies will ignore very obvious energy saving opportunities even if they know that correcting the problem might save them few dollars. Two cases are presented here which deals with the energy saving opportunities found...

  5. VEE-0076- In the Matter of Green Mountain Energy Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On August 23, 2000, the Green Mountain Energy Company (Green Mountain) of Austin, Texas, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy (DOE)...

  6. PUCT - Registration Form for Power Generation Companies and Self...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PUCT - Registration Form for Power Generation Companies and Self-Generators Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: PUCT - Registration Form for...

  7. Patent Litigation for High Technology and Life Sciences Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    Patent Litigation for High Technology and Life Sciences Companies #12;© 2005 Fenwick & West LLP Corporate (emerging growth, financings, securities, mergers & acquisitions) n Intellectual Property (patent, copyright, licensing, trademark) n Litigation (patent and other IP, securities, antitrust, employment

  8. EA-208 Williams Energy Marketing and Trading Company | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Trading Company More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P...

  9. Baltimore Gas & Electric Company (Gas)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Baltimore Gas & Electric Company (BGE) offers Natural Gas Connection program to residential customers to switch from electric to natural gas for heat. The program waives connection charge (...

  10. Utilizing Industrial Engineers to Implement "Lean Enterprise" at Company A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Jean D'Ann

    2012-12-14

    in the implementation of continuous improvement and lean thinking. This skillset has recently allowed IEs to work outside their normal realm of manufacturing, and focus on areas more closely related to service organizations. At Company A, Industrial Engineers...

  11. Intermountain Gas Company (IGC)- Gas Heating Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Intermountain Gas Company's (IGC) Gas Heating Rebate Program offers customers a $200 per unit rebate when they convert to a high efficiency natural gas furnace that replaces a heating system...

  12. VEE-0037- In the Matter of W. Gordon Smith Company

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On December 24, 1996, the W. Gordon Smith Company (Smith), filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its Application,...

  13. VEE-0061- In the Matter of Paul Smith Oil Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On May 24, 1999, Paul Smith Oil Company (Smith) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy. In its Application, Smith asks that it be...

  14. Three Companies Awarded Contracts for Royalty-in-Kind Exchanges...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded contracts to Shell Trading Company, Sunoco Logistics, and BP North America for exchange of 12.3 million barrels of royalty oil produced...

  15. A classification of carbon footprint methods used by companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, Suzanne L. D. (Suzanne Lois Denise)

    2009-01-01

    The percent increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration in the atmosphere can be harmful to the environment. There is no single preferred method for measuring GHG output. How can a company classify and choose an appropriate ...

  16. Evaluation of Niche Markets For Small Scale Forest Products Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    better equipped to serve each. A similar phenomenon occurred within retail markets in the 1990'sEvaluation of Niche Markets For Small Scale Forest Products Companies Jan J. Hacker Resource.....................................................................................................................3 2.0 Niche Markets in General

  17. Insights on Why Companies Pay Attention to Energy Management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norland, D.

    2001-01-01

    National data show that improvement in industrial energy efficiency has stagnated for a decade and a half. Most corporations pay scant attention to energy use. Yet some companies exhibit outstanding performance in lowering their energy use per unit...

  18. Parallel Processing Letters fc World Scientific Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavronicolas, Marios

    Parallel Processing Letters fc World Scientific Publishing Company THE PRICE OF ANARCHY of Computer Science, Electrical Engineering and Mathematics, University of Paderborn, D-33102 Paderborn, Germany § Department of Computer Science, University of Cyprus, Nicosia CY-1678, Cyprus Received (received

  19. Minnesota Company 3M Awarded $3 Million by Energy Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of 3 million to 3M Company in St. Paul, Minnesota, to lower the cost of advanced fuel cell systems by developing cost-effective, durable, and highly efficient fuel cell...

  20. Inventory management in a pharmaceutical company : minimizing discard practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaojun, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    Pharmaceutical company SPM has over 400 cases of inventory discards over the past five years which constitute a significant operating cost. Due to the complexity and randomness of each case, the root causes that result in ...

  1. Strategy Guideline. Transitioning HVAC Companies to Whole House Performance Contractors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burdick, Arlan

    2012-05-01

    This report describes the findings from research IBACOS conducted related to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) companies who have made the decision to transition to whole house performance contracting (WHPC).

  2. Kentucky Utilities Company- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Kentucky Utilities Company (KU) offers rebates to all commercial customers who pay a DSM charge on monthly bills. Rebates are available on lighting measures, sensors, air conditioners, heat pumps,...

  3. VEE-0033- In the Matter of Nugent Motor Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On October 16, 1996, Nugent Motor company (Nugent) of Colebrook, New Hampshire, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy. In its...

  4. VEE-0041- In the Matter of Hampton Gas Company, Inc.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On March 3, 1997, Hampton Gas Company, Inc. (Hampton) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application, Hampton...

  5. VEE-0066- In the Matter of Taylor Oil Company

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On July 30, 1999, Taylor Oil Company (Taylor) of Somerville, New Jersey filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its...

  6. VEE-0035- In the Matter of Rice Oil Company, Inc.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On October 22, 1996, Rice Oil Company, Inc. (Rice) of Greenfield, Massachusetts filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE)....

  7. VEE-0006- In the Matter of Boyd Jolley Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On March 28, 1995, the Boyd Jolley Company (Boyd Jolley) of Shelley, Idaho, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy. In its...

  8. VEE-0021- In the Matter of Jacobs Oil Company

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On August 16, 1996 Jacobs Oil Company (Jacobs) of Dysart, Pennsylvania filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its...

  9. VEE-0030- In the Matter of Lee Oil Company

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On July 19, 1996, Lee Oil Company (Lee), located in Greensboro, North Carolina, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy. In its...

  10. VEE-0001- In the Matter of Central American Petroleum Company

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On October 4, 1994, Central American Petroleum Company (Central) of Cameron, Missouri, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy ...

  11. VEE-0064- In the Matter of Belcourt Oil Company

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On July 23, 1999, Belcourt Oil Company (Belcourt) of Belcourt, North Dakota filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In...

  12. VEE-0018- In the Matter of Lakes Gas Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On March 12, 1996, the Lakes Gas Company (Lakes) of Forest Lake, Minnesota, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy. In its...

  13. VEE-0028- In the Matter of Laney Oil Company, Inc.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On June 18, 1996, the Laney Oil Company, Inc., (Laney Oil) of Monroe, North Carolina, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy. In its...

  14. VEE-0043- In the Matter of Greenville Automatic Gas Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On March 11, 1997, Greenville Automatic Gas Company (Greenville) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its...

  15. VES-0071- In the Matter of Mississippi Power Company

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On May 1, 2000, the Mississippi Power Company, of Gulfport, Mississippi (Mississippi Power), filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy an Application for...

  16. LEE-0152- In the Matter of Sound Oil Company

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On August 16, 1994, Sound Oil Company (Sound) of Seattle Washington, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy. In its Application,...

  17. BASIC TERM LIFE INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 35 - BASIC TERM LIFE INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY Maximum Benefits The amount of life and your family is important, especially in the event of a death or accident. Therefore, the CHEIBA Trust

  18. Otter Tail Power Company- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Information regarding rebate program eligibility and product and equipment requirements may be found on the web site listed above. Contact Otter Tail Power Company for more information on this pr...

  19. Inhibitive formation of nanocavities by introduction of Si atoms in Ge nanocrystals produced by ion implantation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai, R. S.; Shang, L.; Liu, X. H.; Zhang, Y. J. [The Cultivation Base for State Key Laboratory, Qingdao University, No. 308 Ningxia Road, Qingdao 266071 (China); Wang, Y. Q., E-mail: yqwang@qdu.edu.cn, E-mail: barba@emt.inrs.ca [The Cultivation Base for State Key Laboratory, Qingdao University, No. 308 Ningxia Road, Qingdao 266071 (China); College of Physics Science, Qingdao University, No. 308 Ningxia Road, Qingdao 266071 (China); Ross, G. G.; Barba, D., E-mail: yqwang@qdu.edu.cn, E-mail: barba@emt.inrs.ca [INRS-Énergie, Matériaux et Télécommunications, 1650 boulevard Lionel-Boulet, Varennes Québec J3X 1S2 (Canada)

    2014-05-28

    Germanium nanocrystals (Ge-nc) were successfully synthesized by co-implantation of Si and Ge ions into a SiO{sub 2} film thermally grown on (100) Si substrate and fused silica (pure SiO{sub 2}), respectively, followed by subsequent annealing at 1150?°C for 1?h. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) examinations show that nanocavities only exist in the fused silica sample but not in the SiO{sub 2} film on a Si substrate. From the analysis of the high-resolution TEM images and electron energy-loss spectroscopy spectra, it is revealed that the absence of nanocavities in the SiO{sub 2} film/Si substrate is attributed to the presence of Si atoms inside the formed Ge-nc. Because the energy of Si-Ge bonds (301?kJ·mol{sup ?1}) are greater than that of Ge-Ge bonds (264?kJ·mol{sup ?1}), the introduction of the Si-Ge bonds inside the Ge-nc can inhibit the diffusion of Ge from the Ge-nc during the annealing process. However, for the fused silica sample, no crystalline Si-Ge bonds are detected within the Ge-nc, where strong Ge outdiffusion effects produce a great number of nanocavities. Our results can shed light on the formation mechanism of nanocavities and provide a good way to avoid nanocavities during the process of ion implantation.

  20. City of Vineland, New Jersey (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation,Vineland, New Jersey (Utility Company)

  1. Tropical cyclone energy dispersion under vertical shears Xuyang Ge,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tim

    Tropical cyclone energy dispersion under vertical shears Xuyang Ge,1 Tim Li,1,2 and Xiaqiong Zhou1] Tropical cyclone Rossby wave energy dispersion under easterly and westerly vertical shears is investigated, and X. Zhou (2007), Tropical cyclone energy dispersion under vertical shears, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L

  2. The JLAB 12 GeV Energy Upgrade of CEBAF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harwood, Leigh H.

    2013-12-01

    This presentation should describe the progress of the 12GeV Upgrade of CEBAF at Jefferson Lab. The status of the upgrade should be presented as well as details on the construction, procurement, installation and commissioning of the magnet and SRF components of the upgrade.

  3. Demand Response Performance of GE Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widder, Sarah H.; Parker, Graham B.; Petersen, Joseph M.; Baechler, Michael C.

    2013-07-01

    This report describes a project to evaluate and document the DR performance of HPWH as compared to ERWH for two primary types of DR events: peak curtailments and balancing reserves. The experiments were conducted with GE second-generation “Brillion”-enabled GeoSpring hybrid water heaters in the PNNL Lab Homes, with one GE GeoSpring water heater operating in “Standard” electric resistance mode to represent the baseline and one GE GeoSpring water heater operating in “Heat Pump” mode to provide the comparison to heat pump-only demand response. It is expected that “Hybrid” DR performance, which would engage both the heat pump and electric elements, could be interpolated from these two experimental extremes. Signals were sent simultaneously to the two water heaters in the side-by-side PNNL Lab Homes under highly controlled, simulated occupancy conditions. This report presents the results of the evaluation, which documents the demand-response capability of the GE GeoSpring HPWH for peak load reduction and regulation services. The sections describe the experimental protocol and test apparatus used to collect data, present the baselining procedure, discuss the results of the simulated DR events for the HPWH and ERWH, and synthesize key conclusions based on the collected data.

  4. 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source Conceptual Design Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-04-01

    During the past decade, synchrotron radiation emitted by circulating electron beams has come into wide use as a powerful, versatile source of x-rays for probing the structure of matter and for studying various physical processes. Several synchrotron radiation facilities with different designs and characteristics are now in regular operation throughout the world, with recent additions in this country being the 0.8-GeV and 2.5-GeV rings of NSLS at Brookhaven National Laboratory. However, none of the operating facilities has been designed to use a low-emittance, high-energy stored beam, together with modern undulator devices, to produce a large number of hard x-ray beams of extremely high brilliance. This document is a proposal to the Department of Energy to construct and operate high-energy synchrotron radiation facility at Argonne National Laboratory. We have now chosen to set the design energy of this facility at 7.0 GeV, with the capability to operate at up to 7.5 GeV.

  5. Ge{sub 1-y}Sn{sub y} (y = 0.01-0.10) alloys on Ge-buffered Si: Synthesis, microstructure, and optical properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senaratne, C. L.; Kouvetakis, J. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1604 (United States); Gallagher, J. D.; Jiang, Liying; Smith, D. J.; Menéndez, J. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1504 (United States); Aoki, Toshihiro [LeRoy Eyring Center for Solid State Science, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1704 (United States)

    2014-10-07

    Novel hydride chemistries are employed to deposit light-emitting Ge{sub 1-y}Sn{sub y} alloys with y ? 0.1 by Ultra-High Vacuum Chemical Vapor Deposition (UHV-CVD) on Ge-buffered Si wafers. The properties of the resultant materials are systematically compared with similar alloys grown directly on Si wafers. The fundamental difference between the two systems is a fivefold (and higher) decrease in lattice mismatch between film and virtual substrate, allowing direct integration of bulk-like crystals with planar surfaces and relatively low dislocation densities. For y ? 0.06, the CVD precursors used were digermane Ge?H? and deuterated stannane SnD?. For y ? 0.06, the Ge precursor was changed to trigermane Ge?H?, whose higher reactivity enabled the fabrication of supersaturated samples with the target film parameters. In all cases, the Ge wafers were produced using tetragermane Ge?H?? as the Ge source. The photoluminescence intensity from Ge{sub 1–y}Sn{sub y}/Ge films is expected to increase relative to Ge{sub 1–y}Sn{sub y}/Si due to the less defected interface with the virtual substrate. However, while Ge{sub 1–y}Sn{sub y}/Si films are largely relaxed, a significant amount of compressive strain may be present in the Ge{sub 1–y}Sn{sub y}/Ge case. This compressive strain can reduce the emission intensity by increasing the separation between the direct and indirect edges. In this context, it is shown here that the proposed CVD approach to Ge{sub 1–y}Sn{sub y}/Ge makes it possible to approach film thicknesses of about 1 ?m, for which the strain is mostly relaxed and the photoluminescence intensity increases by one order of magnitude relative to Ge{sub 1–y}Sn{sub y}/Si films. The observed strain relaxation is shown to be consistent with predictions from strain-relaxation models first developed for the Si{sub 1–x}Ge{sub x}/Si system. The defect structure and atomic distributions in the films are studied in detail using advanced electron-microscopy techniques, including aberration corrected STEM imaging and EELS mapping of the average diamond–cubic lattice.

  6. Near-Infrared Photoluminescence Enhancement in Ge/CdS and Ge/ZnS Core/Shell Nanocrystals: Utilizing IV/II-VI Semiconductor Epitaxy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Yijun [Ames Laboratory; Rowland, Clare E [Argonne National Laboratory; Schaller, Richard D [Argonne National Laboratory; Vela, Javier [Ames Laboratory

    2014-08-26

    Ge nanocrystals have a large Bohr radius and a small, size-tunable band gap that may engender direct character via strain or doping. Colloidal Ge nanocrystals are particularly interesting in the development of near-infrared materials for applications in bioimaging, telecommunications and energy conversion. Epitaxial growth of a passivating shell is a common strategy employed in the synthesis of highly luminescent II–VI, III–V and IV–VI semiconductor quantum dots. Here, we use relatively unexplored IV/II–VI epitaxy as a way to enhance the photoluminescence and improve the optical stability of colloidal Ge nanocrystals. Selected on the basis of their relatively small lattice mismatch compared with crystalline Ge, we explore the growth of epitaxial CdS and ZnS shells using the successive ion layer adsorption and reaction method. Powder X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy techniques, including energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and selected area electron diffraction, clearly show the controllable growth of as many as 20 epitaxial monolayers of CdS atop Ge cores. In contrast, Ge etching and/or replacement by ZnS result in relatively small Ge/ZnS nanocrystals. The presence of an epitaxial II–VI shell greatly enhances the near-infrared photoluminescence and improves the photoluminescence stability of Ge. Ge/II–VI nanocrystals are reproducibly 1–3 orders of magnitude brighter than the brightest Ge cores. Ge/4.9CdS core/shells show the highest photoluminescence quantum yield and longest radiative recombination lifetime. Thiol ligand exchange easily results in near-infrared active, water-soluble Ge/II–VI nanocrystals. We expect this synthetic IV/II–VI epitaxial approach will lead to further studies into the optoelectronic behavior and practical applications of Si and Ge-based nanomaterials.

  7. The polygallides: Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} and YbGa{sub 4}Ge{sub2}.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter, S. C.; Malliakas, C. D.; Nakotte, H.; Kothapilli, K.; Rayaprol, S.; Schultz, A. J.; Kanatzidis, M. G. (Materials Science Division); ( XSD); (Northwestern Univ.); (Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Adv. Sci. Res.); (New Mexico State Univ.); (Los Alamos Nat. Lab.); (UGC-DAE Consortium for Sci. Res.)

    2012-03-01

    Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} and YbGa{sub 4}Ge{sub 2} were obtained from reactions of Yb and Ge in excess liquid gallium. The crystal structure of Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} was refined using X-ray and neutron diffraction data on selected single crystals. Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with lattice constants a = 12.2261(20) {angstrom}, b = 10.7447(20) {angstrom}, c = 8.4754(17) {angstrom} and {beta} = 110.288(30){sup o} (neutron diffraction data). The crystal structure of Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} is an intergrowth of planar layers of YbGa{sub x}Ge{sub y} and puckered layers of (Ge)n. YbGa{sub 4}Ge{sub 2} crystallizes in a modified PuGa{sub 6} structure type in the tetragonal polar space group I4cm with lattice constants a = b = 5.9874(6) {angstrom} and c = 15.1178(19) {angstrom}. The structure of YbGa{sub 4}Ge{sub 2} is an intergrowth of puckered Ga layers and puckered Ga{sub x}Ge{sub y} layers with Yb atoms residing within the channels formed by the connection of the two layers. Physical properties, resistivity ({rho}), magnetic susceptibility ({chi}) and specific heat (C) were measured for Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3}. No magnetic ordering was observed. It was found that at low temperatures, {rho} varied as T{sup 2} and C{alpha}T, indicating Fermi-liquid regime in Yb{sub 3}Ga{sub 7}Ge{sub 3} at low temperatures.

  8. Large inherent optical gain from the direct gap transition of Ge thin films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaoxin

    The recent demonstration of Ge-on-Si diode lasers renews the interest in the unique carrier dynamics of Ge involving both direct (?) and indirect (L) valleys. Here, we report a large inherent direct gap optical gain ...

  9. GeV electron beams from cm-scale channel guided laser wakefield accelerator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    GeV electron beams from cm-scale channel guided laser wake?the generation of GeV-class electron beams using an intenseranges and high-quality electron beams with energy up to 1

  10. GeV electron beams from a centimeter-scale laser-driven plasma accelerator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    GeV electron beams from cm-scale channel guided laser wake?the generation of GeV-class electron beams using an intenseranges and high-quality electron beams with energy up to 1

  11. Beam On Target! - CEBAF Accelerator Achieves 12 GeV Commissioning...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in an experimental hall, recording the first data of the 12 GeV era. The machine sent electrons around the racetrack three times (known as "3-pass" beam), resulting in 6.11 GeV...

  12. A new physics era at 12 GeV | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A new physics era at 12 GeV January 29, 2015 In several articles over the past years, we have written of progress with the CEBAF 12 GeV Upgrade Project. Since the beginning of...

  13. Commercialization potential of compositionally graded Ge - Si??x?Gex? - Si substrates for solar applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goh, Johnathan Jian Ming

    2006-01-01

    This project considers the potential of Ge - Si??x?Gex? - Si substrates for solar applications. The use of compositionally graded substrates to achieve heterointegration across different materials platforms such as Si, Ge ...

  14. Discovery of GeV Emission tfrom the Circinus Galaxy with the...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Discovery of GeV Emission tfrom the Circinus Galaxy with the Fermi-Lat Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Discovery of GeV Emission tfrom the Circinus Galaxy with the...

  15. High Power Millimeter-Wave Signal Generation in Advanced SiGe and CMOS Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Hsin-Chang

    2015-01-01

    1.3 Millimeter-Wave Signal Generation 1.4 ThesisPower Millimeter-Wave Signal Generation in Advanced SiGe andPower Millimeter-Wave Signal Generation in Advanced SiGe and

  16. EA-0389: Proposed 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, Illinois

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for construction and operation of a 6- to 7-GeV synchrotron radiation source known as the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source at DOE's Argonne...

  17. Epitaxial Ge/Il-V Heterostructures : MOCVD growth, characterization, and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bai, Yu, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    Epitaxial Ge thin films are being investigated for many important roles in next generation microelectronics. Metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) utilizing Ge channels have demonstrated dramatic ...

  18. Optical Observations of Gamma-Ray Bursts: Connections to GeV...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Optical Observations of Gamma-Ray Bursts: Connections to GeVTeV Jets Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Optical Observations of Gamma-Ray Bursts: Connections to GeVTeV...

  19. GE to Invest in Penn State Center to Study Natural Gas Supply...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    window) GE to Invest in Penn State Center to Study Natural Gas Supply Chains University Park, Pa. - GE announced it will invest up to 10 million in Penn State to establish a new...

  20. LIFETIME AND RADIATIVE EFFICIENCY VS DENSITY IN THE STRAIN-CONFINED ELECTRON-HOLE LIQUID IN Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelso, Susan M.

    2011-01-01

    electron-hole liquid (SCEHL) in Ge. Sample CR50 was T = 1.9CONFINED ELECTRON-HOLE LIQUID IN Ge Susan M. Kelso and JohnCONFINED ELECTRON-HOLE LIQUID IN Ge Susan M. Kelso and John