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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

"Projected Real GDP Growth Trend"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

69465655,0.02391459409,0.01807394932 " * These are historical annual growth rates in real GDP (2005 chained dollars). The annual changes are compounded and averaged in the table...

2

MODELING THE RED SEQUENCE: HIERARCHICAL GROWTH YET SLOW LUMINOSITY EVOLUTION  

SciTech Connect

We explore the effects of mergers on the evolution of massive early-type galaxies by modeling the evolution of their stellar populations in a hierarchical context. We investigate how a realistic red sequence population set up by z {approx} 1 evolves under different assumptions for the merger and star formation histories, comparing changes in color, luminosity, and mass. The purely passive fading of existing red sequence galaxies, with no further mergers or star formation, results in dramatic changes at the bright end of the luminosity function and color-magnitude relation. Without mergers there is too much evolution in luminosity at a fixed space density compared to observations. The change in color and magnitude at a fixed mass resembles that of a passively evolving population that formed relatively recently, at z {approx} 2. Mergers among the red sequence population ('dry mergers') occurring after z = 1 build up mass, counteracting the fading of the existing stellar populations to give smaller changes in both color and luminosity for massive galaxies. By allowing some galaxies to migrate from the blue cloud onto the red sequence after z = 1 through gas-rich mergers, younger stellar populations are added to the red sequence. This manifestation of the progenitor bias increases the scatter in age and results in even smaller changes in color and luminosity between z = 1 and z = 0 at a fixed mass. The resultant evolution appears much slower, resembling the passive evolution of a population that formed at high redshift (z {approx} 3-5), and is in closer agreement with observations. We conclude that measurements of the luminosity and color evolution alone are not sufficient to distinguish between the purely passive evolution of an old population and cosmologically motivated hierarchical growth, although these scenarios have very different implications for the mass growth of early-type galaxies over the last half of cosmic history.

Skelton, Rosalind E. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, 260 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Bell, Eric F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1042 (United States); Somerville, Rachel S., E-mail: ros.skelton@yale.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, 136 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 90, Nos. 5/6, 1998 We study the nucleation and growth of flame fronts in slow combustion. This  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fronts in slow combustion. This is modeled by a set of reaction-diffusion equations for the temperature: Nucleation; reaction-diffusion systems; flame fronts. Nucleation, Growth, and Scaling in Slow Combustion applied to understand some aspects of slow combustion. We use a phase-field model of two coupled reaction

Grant, Martin

4

North Dakota sees increases in real GDP per capita following ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

In recent years, North Dakota has seen significant gains in real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, coinciding with development of the Bakken shale play.

5

New Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup New Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup August 18, 2010 - 10:47am Addthis Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes Director of User Experience & Digital Technologies, Office of Public Affairs Last week, we took a closer look at the dismantling of the final W62 warhead, a major milestone in the nation's efforts to reduce the amount of nuclear weapons in its stockpile. But after five decades of nuclear weapons production, the Cold War didn't just create a stockpile -- it left 1.5 million cubic meters of solid waste and 88 million gallons of liquid waste. This waste requires treatment and permanent safe storage in gaseous diffusion plants, like the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP) in south-central Ohio. This week, the Department of Energy accelerated Portsmouth GDP cleanup

6

Blue Chip Consensus US GDP Forecast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and metro area from Moody’s Economy.com Equivalent to US-level Gross Domestic Product ? The GMP forecasts have a large impact on the peak load forecasts Rule of thumb: 1 % growth in RTO GMP ? approx. 1,000 MW growth in forecast RTO peak load

James F. Wilson

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

GDP Jobs Direct Structure of Australian economy, employment and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% GDP Jobs Direct emissions Inclusive emissions Structure Biomass Solar PV 3020 Abatement below businss as usual Mt CO2e Industry Buildings Forestry Power Transport Employment intensity Jobs / $m valu-add 13 2 10 4 14 10 11 Gross value added ABS Australian Nat'l Accounts

Pezzey, Jack

8

An empirical investigation on different methods of economic growth rate forecast and its behavior from fifteen countries across five continents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our empirical results show that we can predict GDP growth rate more accurately in continent with fewer large economies

Yip Chee Yin; Lim Hock-Eam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

U.S. Primary Energy Use and GDP, 1970-1998 (chart)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Figure 2. U.S. primary energy use and GDP [Trends in Building-Related Energy and ...

10

Slow liner fusion  

SciTech Connect

{open_quotes}Slow{close_quotes} liner fusion ({approximately}10 ms compression time) implosions are nondestructive and make repetitive ({approximately} 1 Hz) pulsed liner fusion reactors possible. This paper summarizes a General Atomics physics-based fusion reactor study that showed slow liner feasibility, even with conservative open-line axial magnetic field confinement and Bohm radial transport.

Shaffer, M.J.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Slow-light solitons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new type of soliton with controllable speed is constructed generalizing the theory of slow-light propagation to an integrable regime of nonlinear dynamics. The scheme would allow the quantum-information transfer between optical solitons and atomic media.

Ulf Leonhardt

2004-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

12

Empirical Analysis on the Cities' GDP and the Main Economic Indicators of High-Tech Industrial Parks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the national 54 high-tech industrial parks' main economic indicators and their cities' GDP are analyzed respectively with clustering analysis. It is found that there is a certain degree of correlation between them. To reveal the inner ... Keywords: Cities' GDP, High-tech industrial parks' economic, Correlation Analysis, Clustering Analysis

Yu-Chen Song; Sha Zhen

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

British Episodic Economic Growth 1850-1938  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.0054 1874-1886 0.0149 -0.0098 1887-1899 0.0292 +0.0143 1899-1913 0.0101 -0.0191 Table 4: Long Swings of GDP Based on Kalman Filter Phasing of Compromise Estimate of GDP GROWTH RATE PER ANNUM INTER-PERIOD GROWTH CHANGE 1864-1876 0.0220 - 1876-1887 0.0157 -0...

Solomou, Solomos; Ristuccia, Cristiano A

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

14

U.S. Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007 Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007 Danilo J. Santini, Ph. D. Senior Economist Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Phone: 630 252 3758 Fax: 630 252 3443 E-mail: dsantini@anl.gov David A Poyer, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Economics Morehouse College 830 Westview Dr. SW Atlanta, GA 30314 Phone: 404 681 2800, ext. 2553 E-mail: dpoyer@morehouse.edu THE 66th INTERNATIONAL ATLANTIC ECONOMIC CONFERENCE Montreal, Canada 9-12 October 2008 BUSINESS FLUCTUATIONS AND CYCLES 12 October 2008 Sunday 11:15 AM - 1:15 PM The submitted manuscript has been created by UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. . The U.S. Government

15

Slow-light solitons revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate propagation of slow-light solitons in atomic media described by the nonlinear $\\Lambda$-model. Under a physical assumption, appropriate to the slow light propagation, we reduce the $\\Lambda$-scheme to a simplified nonlinear model, which is also relevant to 2D dilatonic gravity. Exact solutions describing various regimes of stopping slow-light solitons can then be readily derived.

A. V. Rybin; I. P. Vadeiko; A. R. Bishop

2006-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

16

Trade and Economic Growth: Historical Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and time effects as discussed above. 11 Table 1: tariff and growth 1870-1914 FE FE DGMM DGMM SGMM SGMM (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Growth of GDP per capita over 5-year subperiods (1870-74, 1875-79…) log (tariff) -0.001 -0.025 -0.054 -0.019 -0... and Williamson (2004). Table 2: price-adjusted tariffs and growth 1870-1914 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FE FE DGMM DGMM SGMM SGMM Growth of GDP per capita over 5-year subperiods (1870-74, 1875-79…) log (tariff) -0.011 -0.035 -0.057*** -0.051 -0...

Schularick, M; Solomou, Solomos

17

Wind capacity additions slowed during 2010 - Today in Energy - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Growth in wind-powered electric generating capacity slowed in 2010, increasing by 11% from 2009 after increasing 40% on an average annual basis from 2005-2009.

18

China's Pathways to Achieving 40percent 45percent Reduction in CO2 Emissions per Unit of GDP in 2020: Sectoral Outlook and Assessment of Savings Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy and Carbon Emission Outlook to 2050. ” Berkeley, CA:of GDP in 2020: Sectoral Outlook and Assessment of Savings2 Sectoral Outlook and

Zheng, Nina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Mutational, Structural, and Kinetic Evidence for a Dissociative Mechanism in the GDP-mannose Mannosyl Hydrolase Reaction  

SciTech Connect

GDP-mannose hydrolase (GDPMH) catalyzes the hydrolysis of GDP-{alpha}-D-sugars by nucleophilic substitution with inversion at the anomeric C1 atom of the sugar, with general base catalysis by H124. Three lines of evidence indicate a mechanism with dissociative character. First, in the 1.3 Angstrom X-ray structure of the GDPMH-Mg{sup 2+}-GDP{center_dot}Tris{sup +} complex, the GDP leaving group interacts with five catalytic components: R37, Y103, R52, R65, and the essential Mg{sup 2+}. As determined by the effects of site-specific mutants on k{sub cat}, these components contribute factors of 24-, 100-, 309-, 24-, and {ge}10{sup 5}-fold, respectively, to catalysis. Both R37 and Y103 bind the {beta}-phosphate of GDP and are only 5.0 Angstroms apart. Accordingly, the R37Q/Y103F double mutant exhibits partially additive effects of the two single mutants on k{sub cat}, indicating cooperativity of R37 and Y103 in promoting catalysis, and antagonistic effects on K{sub m}. Second, the conserved residue, D22, is positioned to accept a hydrogen bond from the C2-OH group of the sugar undergoing substitution at C1, as was shown by modeling an {alpha}-D-mannosyl group into the sugar binding site. The D22A and D22N mutations decreased k{sub cat} by factors of 10{sup 2.1} and 10{sup 2.6}, respectively, for the hydrolysis of GDP-{alpha}-D-mannose, and showed smaller effects on K{sub m}, suggesting that the D22 anion stabilizes a cationic oxocarbenium transition state. Third, the fluorinated substrate, GDP-2F-{alpha}-D-mannose, for which a cationic oxocarbenium transition state would be destabilized by electron withdrawal, exhibited a 16-fold decrease in k{sub cat} and a smaller, 2.5-fold increase in K{sub m}. The D22A and D22N mutations further decreased the k{sub cat} with GDP-2F-{alpha}-D-mannose to values similar to those found with GDP-{alpha}-D-mannose, and decreased the K{sub m} of the fluorinated substrate. The choice of histidine as the general base over glutamate, the preferred base in other Nudix enzymes, is not due to the greater basicity of histidine, since the pK{sub a} of E124 in the active complex (7.7) exceeded that of H124 (6.7), and the H124E mutation showed a 10{sup 2.2}-fold decrease in k{sub cat}and a 4.0-fold increase in K{sub m} at pH 9.3. Similarly, the catalytic triad detected in the X-ray structure (H124---Y127---P120) is unnecessary for orienting H124, since the Y127F mutation had only 2-fold effects on k{sub cat} and K{sub m} with either H124 or E124 as the general base. Hence, a neutral histidine rather than an anionic glutamate may be necessary to preserve electroneutrality in the active complex.

Xia,Z.; Azurmendi, H.; lairson, L.; Withers, S.; Gabelli, S.; Bianchet, M.; Amzel, L.; Mildvan, A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Slow light enhanced photon echoes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a slow light-enhanced photon echo method, whose retrieval efficiency is two orders of magnitude higher than that of conventional photon echoes. The enhanced photon echo efficiency is due to lengthened interaction time given by ultraslow group velocity.

J. Hahn; B. S. Ham

2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

362 “Oil price shocks and real GDP growth: empirical evidence for some OECD countries” by R. Jiménez-Rodríguez and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2004 all publications will carry a motif taken from the €100 banknote. This paper can be downloaded without charge from

Rebeca Jiménez-rodríguez; Marcelo Sánchez; Rebeca Jiménez-rodríguez; Marcelo Sánchez

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Growth, Growth Accelerations and the Poor: Lessons from Indonesia 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We study the impact of growth and growth accelerations on poverty and inequality in Indonesia using a new panel dataset covering 26 provinces over the period 1977-2010. This new dataset allows us to distinguish between mining and non-mining sectors of the economy. We find that growth in non-mining significantly reduces poverty and inequality. In contrast, overall growth and growth in mining appears to have no effect on poverty and inequality. We also identify growth acceleration episodes defined by at least four consecutive years of positive growth in GDP per capita. Growth acceleration in non-mining reduces poverty and inequality whereas growth acceleration in mining increases poverty. We expect that the degree of forward and backward linkages of mining and non-mining sectors explain the asymmetric result. Our results are robust to state and year fixed effects, state specific trends, and instrumental variable estimation with rainfall and humidity as instruments.

Sambit Bhattacharyya; Budy P. Resosudarmo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Excitation of a slow wave structure  

SciTech Connect

The Green's function on a slow wave structure is constructed. The Green's function includes all radial modes, and for each radial mode, all space harmonics. We compare the analytic solution of the frequency response on the slow wave structure with that obtained from a particle-in-cell code. Favorable comparison is obtained when the first few lower order modes are resonantly excited. This gives some confidence in the prediction of converting a pulse train into radiation using a slow wave structure.

Zhang Peng; Lau, Y. Y. [Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2104 (United States); Hoff, Brad; French, D. M. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87117 (United States); Luginsland, J. W. [Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Arlington, Virginia 22203 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

VIDEOS: Slow motion video of Charpy impact  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 25, 2007 ... This slow motion video of an actual Charpy impact test shows the sample fracturing. The VIMS web resource offers a detailed description of an ...

25

Standard Slowness Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Standard Slowness Log edit Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration...

26

Understanding slow BGP routing table transfers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers and network operators often say that BGP table transfers are slow. Despite this common knowledge, the reasons for slow BGP transfers are not well understood. This paper explains BGP table transfer delays by combining BGP messages collected ... Keywords: bgp, route propagation, routing convergence

Zied Ben Houidi; Mickael Meulle; Renata Teixeira

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Slow Waveguide Structures for Particle Accelerators  

ORNL 2010-G00971/jcn UT-B ID 200802074 Slow Waveguide Structures for Particle Accelerators Technology Summary A waveguide design that can save time and money in the ...

28

'Slow light' advance could speed optical computing, telecommunications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Slow light" and specialized metamaterials 'Slow light' advance could speed optical computing, telecommunications Researchers have made the first demonstration of rapidly switching...

29

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

30

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

31

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

32

Slow motion responses of compliant offshore structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An efficient method is developed to predict slow motion responses of slender compliant offshore structures in the unidirectional irregular waves and currents. The environmental loads are computed using the modified Morison equation based on slender-body approximation. The Hybrid Wave Model, which considers the nonlinear wave-wave interactions, is used to predict wave kinematics accurately up to the second order of wave steepness. Other second-order forces due to convective acceleration, free-surface fluctuation, time-varying structural displacement and axial divergence effects are also included. An iterative-incremental Newmark-,3 scheme is employed to simulate the structural responses in the time domain. It is observed that the predicted slow-drift motions of a Joint, Industry Project Spar and a Floating Jacket Platform are in excellent agreement with the model test measurements. However, the predicted slow-drift motions using Wheeler Stretching and Linear Extrapolation wave kinematics models do not agree with the measurements well.

Cao, Peimin

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

GDP-L-fucose: {beta}-D-galactoside 2-{alpha}-Lfucosyltransferases, DNA sequences encoding the same, method for producing the same and a method of genotyping a person  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The gene encoding GDP-L-fucose: {beta}-D-Galactoside 2-{alpha}-Lfucosyltransferase has been cloned, and a mutation in this gene has been found to be responsible for an individual being a non-secretor. 30 figs.

Lowe, J.B.; Lennon, G.; Rouquier, S.; Giorgi, D.; Kelly, R.J.

1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

Nonlinear dynamical triggering of slow slip  

SciTech Connect

Among the most fascinating, recent discoveries in seismology have been the phenomena of triggered slip, including triggered earthquakes and triggered-tremor, as well as triggered slow, silent-slip during which no seismic energy is radiated. Because fault nucleation depths cannot be probed directly, the physical regimes in which these phenomena occur are poorly understood. Thus determining physical properties that control diverse types of triggered fault sliding and what frictional constitutive laws govern triggered faulting variability is challenging. We are characterizing the physical controls of triggered faulting with the goal of developing constitutive relations by conducting laboratory and numerical modeling experiments in sheared granular media at varying load conditions. In order to simulate granular fault zone gouge in the laboratory, glass beads are sheared in a double-direct configuration under constant normal stress, while subject to transient perturbation by acoustic waves. We find that triggered, slow, silent-slip occurs at very small confining loads ({approx}1-3 MPa) that are smaller than those where dynamic earthquake triggering takes place (4-7 MPa), and that triggered slow-slip is associated with bursts of LFE-like acoustic emission. Experimental evidence suggests that the nonlinear dynamical response of the gouge material induced by dynamic waves may be responsible for the triggered slip behavior: the slip-duration, stress-drop and along-strike slip displacement are proportional to the triggering wave amplitude. Further, we observe a shear-modulus decrease corresponding to dynamic-wave triggering relative to the shear modulus of stick-slips. Modulus decrease in response to dynamical wave amplitudes of roughly a microstrain and above is a hallmark of elastic nonlinear behavior. We believe that the dynamical waves increase the material non-affine elastic deformation during shearing, simultaneously leading to instability and slow-slip. The inferred triggered slow-slip on the San Andreas Fault at Parkfield, CA., due to December, 2003 Mw6.5 San Simeon Earthquake (Breguier et al., Science 321, p.1478, 2008) shows very similar characteristics to what we observe in the laboratory, suggesting an extremely low in situ effective stress or a weak fault and a nonlinear-dynamical triggering mechanism.

Johnson, Paul A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Knuth, Matthew W [WISCONSIN; Kaproth, Bryan M [PENN STATE; Carpenter, Brett [PENN STATE; Guyer, Robert A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Le Bas, Pierre - Yves [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Daub, Eric G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Marone, Chris [PENN STATE

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

35

Analysis and Experiments with a Slow-Start Procedure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Slow-start procedures were developed decades ago in order to provide a smoother evolution in numerical simulations performed with three-time-level integration schemes. The advantages of a slow start versus a conventional forward start should ...

Harold Ritchie; Anne-Marie Leduc

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Lead Slowing Down Spectrometer Status Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the progress that has been completed in the first half of FY2012 in the MPACT-funded Lead Slowing Down Spectrometer project. Significant progress has been made on the algorithm development. We have an improve understanding of the experimental responses in LSDS for fuel-related material. The calibration of the ultra-depleted uranium foils was completed, but the results are inconsistent from measurement to measurement. Future work includes developing a conceptual model of an LSDS system to assay plutonium in used fuel, improving agreement between simulations and measurement, design of a thorium fission chamber, and evaluation of additional detector techniques.

Warren, Glen A.; Anderson, Kevin K.; Bonebrake, Eric; Casella, Andrew M.; Danon, Yaron; Devlin, M.; Gavron, Victor A.; Haight, R. C.; Imel, G. R.; Kulisek, Jonathan A.; O'Donnell, J. M.; Weltz, Adam

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

37

IMPROVED TECHNIQUE OF HYDROGEN CONTENT ANALYSIS BY SLOW NEUTRON SCATTERING  

SciTech Connect

A slow-neutron-transmission method fro dertermining the hydrogen content of fluorcarbons is described (G.Y.).

Rainwater, L.J.; Havens, W.W. Jr.

1945-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

38

Improved Technique of Hydrogen Content Analysis by Slow Neutron Scattering  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

A slow-neutron-transmission method fro determining the H content of fluorcarbons is described (G.Y.)

Rainwater, L. J.; Havens, W. W. Jr.

1945-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

39

Lead Slowing Down Spectrometer Research Plans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The MPACT-funded Lead Slowing Down Spectrometry (LSDS) project has been evaluating the feasibility of using LSDS techniques to assay fissile isotopes in used nuclear fuel assemblies. The approach has the potential to provide considerable improvement in the assay of fissile isotopic masses in fuel assemblies compared to other non-destructive techniques in a direct and independent manner. The LSDS collaborations suggests that the next step to in empirically testing the feasibility is to conduct measurements on fresh fuel assemblies to understand investigate self-attenuation and fresh mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel rodlets so we may betterto understand extraction of masses for 235U and 239Pu. While progressing toward these goals, the collaboration also strongly suggests the continued development of enabling technology such as detector development and algorithm development, thatwhich could provide significant performance benefits.

Warren, Glen A.; Kulisek, Jonathan A.; Gavron, Victor; Danon, Yaron; Weltz, Adam; Harris, Jason; Stewart, T.

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

40

China's Pathways to Achieving 40% ~ 45% Reduction in CO{sub 2} Emissions per Unit of GDP in 2020: Sectoral Outlook and Assessment of Savings Potential  

SciTech Connect

Achieving China’s goal of reducing its carbon intensity (CO{sub 2} per unit of GDP) by 40% to 45% percent below 2005 levels by 2020 will require the strengthening and expansion of energy efficiency policies across the buildings, industries and transport sectors. This study uses a bottom-up, end-use model and two scenarios -- an enhanced energy efficiency (E3) scenario and an alternative maximum technically feasible energy efficiency improvement (Max Tech) scenario – to evaluate what policies and technical improvements are needed to achieve the 2020 carbon intensity reduction target. The findings from this study show that a determined approach by China can lead to the achievement of its 2020 goal. In particular, with full success in deepening its energy efficiency policies and programs but following the same general approach used during the 11th Five Year Plan, it is possible to achieve 49% reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions per unit of GDP (CO{sub 2} emissions intensity) in 2020 from 2005 levels (E3 case). Under the more optimistic but feasible assumptions of development and penetration of advanced energy efficiency technology (Max Tech case), China could achieve a 56% reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions intensity in 2020 relative to 2005 with cumulative reduction of energy use by 2700 Mtce and of CO{sub 2} emissions of 8107 Mt CO{sub 2} between 2010 and 2020. Energy savings and CO{sub 2} mitigation potential varies by sector but most of the energy savings potential is found in energy-intensive industry. At the same time, electricity savings and the associated emissions reduction are magnified by increasing renewable generation and improving coal generation efficiency, underscoring the dual importance of end-use efficiency improvements and power sector decarbonization.

Zheng, Nina; Fridley, David; Zhou, Nan; Levine, Mark; Price, Lynn; Ke, Jing

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence January ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Slowing the annual growth rate of health care costs by 1.5 percentage points would increase GDP by over 2% in 2020 and nearly 8% in 2030.The ...

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

42

Was Brazil's recent growth acceleration the world's most overrated boom?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conventional means rather than to succeed through unconventional ones.” John M Keynes Introduction1 Except for several commodities, finance, and a small number of other activities, Brazil’s (and Latin America’s) economic performance since... of the database (excluding oil-exporting Middle Eastern countries) by GDP-growth rate (94 countries), Brazil’s growth-ranking collapses from a ‘top-ten’ position between 1950 and 1980, to a pretty disappointing 58th (1980-2011 — or to 53rd if the 1980s...

Palma, Jose Gabriel

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Slow Electrons Generated by Intense High-Frequency Laser Pulses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A very slow electron is shown to emerge when an intense high-frequency laser pulse is applied to a hydrogen negative ion. This counterintuitive effect cannot be accounted for by multiphoton or tunneling ionization mechanisms. We explore the effect and show that in the high-frequency regime the atomic electron is promoted to the continuum via a nonadiabatic transition caused by slow deformation of the dressed potential that follows a variation of the envelope of the laser pulse. This is a general mechanism, and a slow electron peak should always appear in the photoelectron spectrum when an atom is irradiated by a high-frequency pulse of finite length.

Toyota, Koudai; Watanabe, Shinichi [Department of Applied Physics and Chemistry, University of Electro-Communications, 1-5-1, Chofu-ga-oka, Chofu-shi, Tokyo (Japan); Tolstikhin, Oleg I. [Russian Research Center 'Kurchatov Institute', Kurchatov Square 1, Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Morishita, Toru [Department of Applied Physics and Chemistry, University of Electro-Communications, 1-5-1, Chofu-ga-oka, Chofu-shi, Tokyo (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan)

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

44

Balance and the Slow Quasimanifold: Some Explicit Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ultimate limitations of the balance, slow-manifold, and potential vorticity inversion concepts are investigated. These limitations are associated with the weak but nonvanishing spontaneous-adjustment emission, or Lighthill radiation, of ...

Rupert Ford; Michael E. McIntyre; Warwick A. Norton

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Slow Orbit Feedback at the ALS Using Matlab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement of Storage Ring Motion at the ALS," PAC [4] G.Portmann, "ALS Storage Ring Setup and Control Using MatlabSlow Orbit Feedback at the ALS Using Matlab G_ Port mann

Portmann, G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

A MODEL FOR THE SOURCES OF THE SLOW SOLAR WIND  

SciTech Connect

Models for the origin of the slow solar wind must account for two seemingly contradictory observations: the slow wind has the composition of the closed-field corona, implying that it originates from the continuous opening and closing of flux at the boundary between open and closed field. On the other hand, the slow wind also has large angular width, up to {approx}60{sup 0}, suggesting that its source extends far from the open-closed boundary. We propose a model that can explain both observations. The key idea is that the source of the slow wind at the Sun is a network of narrow (possibly singular) open-field corridors that map to a web of separatrices and quasi-separatrix layers in the heliosphere. We compute analytically the topology of an open-field corridor and show that it produces a quasi-separatrix layer in the heliosphere that extends to angles far from the heliospheric current sheet. We then use an MHD code and MDI/SOHO observations of the photospheric magnetic field to calculate numerically, with high spatial resolution, the quasi-steady solar wind, and magnetic field for a time period preceding the 2008 August 1 total solar eclipse. Our numerical results imply that, at least for this time period, a web of separatrices (which we term an S-web) forms with sufficient density and extent in the heliosphere to account for the observed properties of the slow wind. We discuss the implications of our S-web model for the structure and dynamics of the corona and heliosphere and propose further tests of the model.

Antiochos, S. K. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Mikic, Z.; Titov, V. S.; Lionello, R.; Linker, J. A., E-mail: spiro.antiochos@nasa.gov [Predictive Science, Inc., 9990 Mesa Rim Road, Suite 170, San Diego, CA 92121 (United States)

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

47

Growth slows in U.S. ethanol production and consumption - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

48

Origins of the slow and the ubiquitous fast solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present in this Letter the first coordinated radio occultation measurements and ultraviolet observations of the inner corona below 5.5 Rs, obtained during the Galileo solar conjunction in January 1997, to establish the origin of the slow solar wind. Limits on the flow speed are derived from the Doppler dimming of the resonantly scattered componentof the oxygen 1032 A and 1037 A lines as measured with the UltraViolet Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS) on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). White light images of the corona from the Large Angle Spectroscopic Coronagraph (LASCO) on SOHO taken simultaneously are used to place the Doppler radio scintillation and ultraviolet measurements in the context ofcoronal structures. These combined observations provide the first direct confirmation of the view recently proposed by Woo and Martin (1997) that the slow solar wind is associated with the axes, also known as stalks, of streamers. Furthermore, the ultraviolet observations also show how the fast solar wind...

Habbal, S R; Fineschi, S; O'Neal, R; Kohl, J M; Noci, G; Korendyke, C

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Stripes, Zigzags, and Slow Dynamics in Buckled Hard Spheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the analogy between buckled colloidal monolayers and the triangular-lattice Ising antiferromagnet. We calculate free volume-induced Ising interactions, show how lattice deformations favor zigzag stripes that partially remove the Ising model ground-state degeneracy, and identify the Martensitic mechanism prohibiting perfect stripes. Slowly inflating the spheres yields jamming as well as logarithmically slow relaxation reminiscent of the glassy dynamics observed experimentally.

Yair Shokef; Tom C. Lubensky

2008-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

50

Excitation of simple atoms by slow magnetic monopoles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present a theory of excitation of simple atoms by slow moving massive monopoles. Previously presented results for a monopole of Dirac strength on hydrogen and helium are reviewed. The hydrogen theory is extended to include arbitrary integral multiples of the Dirac pole strength. The excitation of helium by double strength poles and by dyons is also discussed. It is concluded that a helium proportional counter is a reliable and effective detector for monopoles of arbitrary strength, and for negatively charged dyons.

Kroll, N.M.; Parke, S.J.; Ganapathi, V.; Drell, S.D.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

ON THE PERSISTENCE OF LABOR MARKET INSECURITY AND SLOW GROWTH IN THE US: Reckoning with the Waltonist Growth Regime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paths: Economic Mobility in the New American Labor Market.Paths: Economic Mobility in the New American Labor Market.Paths: Economic Mobility in the New American Labor Market.

Vidal, Matt

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Slow Wave Excitation in the ICRF and HHFW Regimes  

SciTech Connect

Theoretical considerations and high spatial resolution numerical simulations of radio frequency (rf) wave heating in tokamaks and in spherical toruses (ST) indicate that fast waves launched into tokamaks in the ion cyclotron range of frequencies (ICRF) or into spherical toruses in the high harmonic fast wave (HHFW) regime may excite a short wavelength slow mode inside of the plasma discharge due to the presence of hot electrons that satisfy the condition {omega}slow wave may be related to the electrostatic ion cyclotron wave that propagates for frequencies above the fundamental ion cyclotron frequency in warm plasmas or to a high frequency version of a kinetic Alfven wave. This slow wave, if physically real, would provide another path for rf power absorption in tokamaks and ST devices.

Phillips, C. K.; Valeo, E. J.; Hosea, J. C.; LeBlanc, B. P.; Wilson, J. R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08543 (United States); Jaeger, E. F. [XCEL Engineering, 1066 Commerce Park Dr., Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (United States); Berry, L. A.; Ryan, P. M. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Bonoli, P. T.; Wright, J. C. [MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Smithe, D. N. [Tech-X Corporation, 5621 Arapahoe Ave., Suite A, Boulder, CO 80303 (United States)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

53

Origins of the slow and the ubiquitous fast solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present in this Letter the first coordinated radio occultation measurements and ultraviolet observations of the inner corona below 5.5 Rs, obtained during the Galileo solar conjunction in January 1997, to establish the origin of the slow solar wind. Limits on the flow speed are derived from the Doppler dimming of the resonantly scattered componentof the oxygen 1032 A and 1037 A lines as measured with the UltraViolet Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS) on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). White light images of the corona from the Large Angle Spectroscopic Coronagraph (LASCO) on SOHO taken simultaneously are used to place the Doppler radio scintillation and ultraviolet measurements in the context ofcoronal structures. These combined observations provide the first direct confirmation of the view recently proposed by Woo and Martin (1997) that the slow solar wind is associated with the axes, also known as stalks, of streamers. Furthermore, the ultraviolet observations also show how the fast solar wind is ubiquitous in the inner corona, and that a velocity shear between the fast and slow solar wind develops along the streamer stalks.

S. R. Habbal; R. Woo; S. Fineschi; R. O'Neal; J. Kohl; G. Noci; C. Korendyke

1997-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

54

Slow-light photonic crystal devices for high-speed optical signal processing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This book discusses design, modeling, and the characterization of slow-light photonic crystal waveguides. Guidelines are developed to obtain slow-light waveguides with broadband characteristics and with… (more)

Brosi, Jan-Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Characterization of a New Lead Slowing Down Spectrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is considerable interest in developing direct measurement methods to determine the plutonium content of spent nuclear fuel within a fuel assembly. One technique that may prove successful is lead slowing-down spectroscopy. Lead Slowing Down Spectroscopy (LSDS) has been used for decades to make cross-section measurements on relatively small isotopic samples of well know masses. For spent fuel assembly measurements, LSDS will be applied in reverse; unknown masses will be determined using well-know cross-sections. In the LSDS, a pulse of neutrons (on the order of 10-100 MeV) is injected into a large lead stack (~ 1m3). The neutrons quickly down-scatter but exhibit little spread in energy about the average, continually-decreasing neutron energy making for a strong correlation between the elapsed time from the initial pulse and the average energy of the neutron. By measuring this elapsed time, it is possible to measure interactions of the neutrons with the fuel in the 0.1 to 1,000 eV range. Many of the actinides have strong resonances in this region, making it possible, through careful measurements and analysis, to extract isotopic masses from LSDS measurements. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is actively conducting research on both LSDS measurement and data analysis techniques. This paper will present results of the effort to construct and characterize a new lead slowing down spectrometer. The spectrometer was designed to begin testing both experimental measurement and data analysis techniques for determining the plutonium content of spent fuel. To characterize the spectrometer, a series of (n,?) experiments were conducted to measure the correlation between the time after the neutrons enter the lead and the energy of the interaction. Results from these measurements as well as plans for future development of the spectrometer will be discussed.

Casella, Andrew M.; Warren, Glen A.; Cantaloub, Michael G.; Mace, Emily K.; McDonald, Benjamin S.; Overman, Cory T.; Pratt, Sharon L.; Smith, Leon E.; Stave, Sean C.; Wittman, Richard S.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Evidence For The Production Of Slow Antiprotonic Hydrogen In Vacuum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present evidence showing how antiprotonic hydrogen, the quasistable antiproton-proton (pbar-p) bound system, has been synthesized following the interaction of antiprotons with the hydrogen molecular ion (H2+) in a nested Penning trap environment. From a careful analysis of the spatial distributions of antiproton annihilation events, evidence is presented for antiprotonic hydrogen production with sub-eV kinetic energies in states around n=70, and with low angular momenta. The slow antiprotonic hydrogen may be studied using laser spectroscopic techniques.

N. Zurlo; M. Amoretti; C. Amsler; G. Bonomi; C. Carraro; C. L. Cesar; M. Charlton; M. Doser; A. Fontana; R. Funakoshi; P. Genova; R. S. Hayano; L. V. Jorgensen; A. Kellerbauer; V. Lagomarsino; R. Landua; E. Lodi Rizzini; M. Macrì; N. Madsen; G. Manuzio; D. Mitchard; P. Montagna; L. G. Posada; H. Pruys; C. Regenfus; A. Rotondi; G. Testera; D. P. Van der Werf; A. Variola; L. Venturelli; Y. Yamazaki

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

57

SLOW MAGNETOACOUSTIC OSCILLATIONS IN THE MICROWAVE EMISSION OF SOLAR FLARES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of the microwave data, obtained in the 17 GHz channel of the Nobeyama Radioheliograph during the M1.6 flare on 2010 November 4, revealed the presence of 12.6 minute oscillations of the emitting plasma density. The oscillations decayed with the characteristic time of about 15 minutes. Similar oscillations with the period of about 13.8 minutes and the decay time of 25 minutes are also detected in the variation of EUV emission intensity measured in the 335 A channel of the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly. The observed properties of the oscillations are consistent with the oscillations of hot loops observed by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/Solar Ultraviolet Measurement of Emitted Radiation (SUMER) in the EUV spectra in the form of periodic Doppler shift. Our analysis presents the first direct observations of the slow magnetoacoustic oscillations in the microwave emission of a solar flare, complementing accepted interpretations of SUMER hot loop oscillations as standing slow magnetoacoustic waves.

Kim, S.; Shibasaki, K. [Nobeyama Solar Radio Observatory/NAOJ, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Nakariakov, V. M., E-mail: sjkim@nro.nao.ac.jp [Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

58

Robust concatenated codes for the slow Rayleigh fading channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we design a robust concatenated code for the Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) system in the presence of slow Rayleigh fading with no channel side information at the transmitter (no CSIT) and perfect channel side information at the receiver (perfect CSIR). Since we are interested in the slow fading channel, outage capacity is used as the measure of performance. Good space-time codes can be designed so as to maximize the so-called rank and the determinant criteria. However, a practical system will concatenate a space-time code with an outer code at the transmitter and perform iterative decoding at the receiver. It is necessary to design the space-time code together with the outer code in practice. We will call this kind of code a concatenated space-time code. At the transmitter, we will consider the bit-to-symbol mapping and space-time code together as a space-time modulator and thus, Bit Interleaved Coded Modulation (BICM) and Multilevel coding (ML) can be applied to design outer codes for the nonbinary constellation. However, the concatenated space-time codes designed by these two methods can only be decoded with arbitrarily small error probability for a fixed channel realization and such designs are not robust over the ensemble of fading channels. Our approach of designing concatenated space-time code is to design an outer code for a space-time modulator such that the concatenated space-time code can be decoded with arbitrarily small error probability in a set of fixed channels which have the same capacity. Through this approach, we discovered a new design criterion for spacetime codes: a good space-time code should stabilize its Extrinsic Information Transfer (EXIT) charts. In other words, the robustness of a space-time code in the slow fading channel and its performance in iterative decoding can be visualized by the EXIT charts. The rank and the determinant criterion do not evaluate the performance of a space-time code in iterative decoding, but the new criterion does. Therefore, the new criterion is applicable to design concatenated space-time codes. Applying our approach and new criterion, a rate 7.2 bits/s/Hz concatenated space-time code is designed. The performance is close to the outage capacity, and the rate lost is 0.2 bits/s/Hz.

Hsu, Teh-Hsuan

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Slow Temperature Equilibration Behind the Shock Front of SN 1006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the observation of OVII Doppler line broadening in a compact knot at the edge of SN 1006 detected with the Reflective Grating Spectrometer on board XMM-Newton. The observed line width of sigma = 3.4+/-0.5 eV at a line energy of 574 eV indicates an oxygen temperature of kT = 528+/-150 keV. Combined with the observed electron temperature of 1.5 keV the observed broadening is direct evidence for temperature non-equilibration in high Mach number shocks, and slow subsequent equilibration. The OVII line emission allows an accurate determination of the ionization state of the plasma, which is characterized by a relatively high forbidden line contribution, indicating log(n_e t) ~ 9.2.

Vink, Jeroen C; Gu, M F; Rasmussen, A; Kaastra, J S; Vink, Jacco; Gu, Ming Feng; Rasmussen, Andrew; Kaastra, Jelle S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Slow Temperature Equilibration Behind the Shock Front of SN 1006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the observation of OVII Doppler line broadening in a compact knot at the edge of SN 1006 detected with the Reflective Grating Spectrometer on board XMM-Newton. The observed line width of sigma = 3.4+/-0.5 eV at a line energy of 574 eV indicates an oxygen temperature of kT = 528+/-150 keV. Combined with the observed electron temperature of 1.5 keV the observed broadening is direct evidence for temperature non-equilibration in high Mach number shocks, and slow subsequent equilibration. The OVII line emission allows an accurate determination of the ionization state of the plasma, which is characterized by a relatively high forbidden line contribution, indicating log(n_e t) ~ 9.2.

Jacco Vink; J. Martin Laming; Ming Feng Gu; Andrew Rasmussen; Jelle S. Kaastra

2003-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

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61

Report on Second Activations with the Lead Slowing Down Spectrometer  

SciTech Connect

Summary On August 18 and 19 2011, five items were irradiated with neutrons using the Lead Slowing Down Spectrometer (LSDS). After irradiation, dose measurements and gamma-spectrometry measurements were completed on all of the samples. No contamination was found on the samples, and all but one provided no dose. Gamma-spectroscopy measurements qualitatively agreed with expectations based on the materials. As during the first activation run, we observed activation in the room in general, mostly due to 56Mn and 24Na. Most of the activation of the samples was short lived, with half-lives on the scale of hours to days, except for 60Co which has a half-life of 5.3 y.

Stave, Sean C.; Mace, Emily K.; Pratt, Sharon L.; Warren, Glen A.

2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

62

Slowing Down Near the Glass Transition | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Light on Improving Engine Efficiencies New Light on Improving Engine Efficiencies The Crystal Structure of a Meta-stable Intermediate Particle in Virus Assembly Increasing Magnetic Response of Ferromagnetic Semiconductors under High Pressure Better Switching Through Chemistry in Thin Ferroelectrics First Molecular-Level Enzyme Images Could Improve Breast-Cancer Therapy Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Slowing Down Near the Glass Transition MARCH 5, 2009 Bookmark and Share Upper panel: Capillary waves on liquid surfaces. Lower panel: Frequency ranges of capillary wave measured by XPCS far above and near Tg. Researchers using an x-ray beamline at the U.S. Department of Energy's

63

Light transmission through and its complete stoppage in an ultra slow wave optical medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light Wave transmission -- its compression, amplification, and the optical energy storage -- in an Ultra Slow Wave Medium (USWM) is studied analytically. Our phenomenological treatment is based entirely on the continuity equation for the optical energy flux, and the well known distribution-product property of Dirac delta-function. The results so obtained provide a clear understanding of some recent experiments on light transmission and its complete stoppage in an USWM. Keywords : Ultra slow light, stopped light, slow wave medium, EIT.

V., Ranjith

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

SLOW MAGNETOACOUSTIC WAVES IN TWO-RIBBON FLARES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate that disturbances observed to propagate along the axis of the arcade in two-ribbon solar flares at the speed of a few tens of km s{sup -1}, well below the Alfven and sound speeds, can be interpreted in terms of slow magnetoacoustic waves. The waves can propagate across the magnetic field, parallel to the magnetic neutral line, because of the wave-guiding effect due to the reflection from the footpoints. The perpendicular group speed of the perturbation is found to be a fraction of the sound speed, which is consistent with observations. The highest value of the group speed grows with the increase in the ratio of the sound and Alfven speeds. For a broad range of parameters, the highest value of the group speed corresponds to the propagation angle of 25 deg. - 28 deg. to the magnetic field. This effect can explain the temporal and spatial structure of quasi-periodic pulsations observed in two-ribbon flares.

Nakariakov, V. M. [Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Zimovets, I. V., E-mail: V.Nakariakov@warwick.ac.uk [Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya Street 84/32, Moscow 117997 (Russian Federation)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Electron electric dipole moment experiment using electric-field quantized slow cesium atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-51xxx Electron electric dipole momentexperiment using electric-?eld quantized slow cesium atomsA proof-of-principle electron electric dipole moment (e-EDM)

Amini, Jason M.; Munger Jr., Charles T.; Gould, Harvey

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Economy and Electricity Demand Growth Linked but ƒƒƒ.  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economy and Electricity Demand Economy and Electricity Demand Growth Linked but ... for International Utility Conference, Demand Trends Panel March 12, 2013 | London, UK by Adam Sieminski, Administrator U. S. electricity use and economic growth, 1950-2040 Adam Sieminski, EEI Demand Trends, March 12, 2013 2 -2% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 Percent growth, 3-year rolling average Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release History Projections 2011 Electricity Use GDP 2.4% 0.9% 2011 - 2040 average Annual energy use of a new refrigerator, 1950-2008 Adam Sieminski, EEI Demand Trends, March 12, 2013 3 Kilowatthours per year Source: DOE / EERE - Building Technologies Office 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

67

Analytic Solutions for Evolving Size Distributions of Spherical Crystals or Droplets Undergoing Diffusional Growth in Different Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by simulations of slow-growing contrail cirrus, the solution of the diffusional growth equations for a population of spherical ice crystals or water droplets is reexamined. For forcing specified by the evolution of the total water ...

D. C. Lewellen

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Lead Slowing Down Spectrometer FY2013 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary The Lead Slowing Down Spectrometry (LSDS) project, funded by the Materials Protection And Control Technology campaign, has been evaluating the feasibility of using LSDS techniques to assay fissile isotopes in used nuclear fuel assemblies. The approach has the potential to provide considerable improvement in the assay of fissile isotopic masses in fuel assemblies compared to other non-destructive techniques in a direct and independent manner. This report is a high level summary of the progress completed in FY2013. This progress included: • Fabrication of a 4He scintillator detector to detect fast neutrons in the LSDS operating environment. Testing of the detector will be conducted in FY2014. • Design of a large area 232Th fission chamber. • Analysis using the Los Alamos National Laboratory perturbation model estimated the required number of neutrons for an LSDS measurement to be 10 to the 16th source neutrons. • Application of the algorithms developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to LSDS measurement data of various fissile samples conducted in 2012. The results concluded that the 235U could be measured to 2.7% and the 239Pu could be measured to 6.3%. Significant effort is yet needed to demonstrate the applicability of these algorithms for used-fuel assemblies, but the results reported here are encouraging in demonstrating that we are making progress toward that goal. • Development and cost-analysis of a research plan for the next critical demonstration measurements. The plan suggests measurements on fresh fuel sub assemblies as a means to experimentally test self-attenuation and the use of fresh mixed-oxide fuel as a means to test simultaneous measurement of 235U and 239Pu.

Warren, Glen A.; Kulisek, Jonathan A.; Gavron, Victor A.; Danon, Yaron; Weltz, Adam; Harris, Jason; Stewart, T.

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

69

Exploring the efficacy of IT with slow learners: case studies in primary schools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study looks at the changes effected with the introduction of IT into the Learning Support Programme (LSP) in 6 Singapore primary schools. It focuses how the teaching methodologies working with slow learners (or learners at risk) changed with the ... Keywords: information technology, primary schools, slow learners

Marissa Wettasinghe; Mazlan Hasan

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Global Geometry of the Slow Manifold in the Lorenz–Krishnamurthy Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The five-equation model introduced by Lorenz and Krishnamurthy is studied. It is shown that the question Of existence of a slow manifold for this model can be addressed by a combination of local and global analysis. Existence of a locally slow ...

Roberto Camassa; Siu-Kei Tin

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

WHY DO TUNA MAINTAIN ELEVATED SLOW MUSCLE TEMPERATURES? POWER OUTPUT OF MUSCLE ISOLATED FROM ENDOTHERMIC AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been hypothesised that regional endothermy has evolved in the muscle of some tunas to enhance the locomotory performance of the fish by increasing muscle power output. Using the work loop technique, we have determined the relationship between cycle frequency and power output, over a range of temperatures, in isolated bundles of slow muscle fibres from the endothermic yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and its ectothermic relative the bonito (Sarda chiliensis). Power output in all preparations was highly temperature-dependent. A counter-current heat exchanger which could maintain a 10 °C temperature differential would typically double maximum muscle power output and the frequency at which maximum power is generated (fopt). The deep slow muscle of the tuna was able to operate at higher temperatures than slow muscle from the bonito, but was more sensitive to Summary temperature change than more superficially located slow fibres from both tuna and bonito. This suggests that it has undergone some evolutionary specialisation for operation at higher, but relatively stable, temperatures. fopt of slow muscle was higher than the tailbeat frequency of undisturbed cruising tuna and, together with the high intrinsic power output of the slow muscle mass, suggests that cruising fish have a substantial slow muscle power reserve. This reserve should be sufficient to power significantly higher sustainable swimming speeds, presumably at lower energetic cost than if intrinsically less efficient fast fibres were recruited.

Ectothermic Fish; John D. Altringham; Barbara A. Block

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Slow light of an amplitude modulated Gaussian pulse in electromagnetically induced transparency medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The slow light effects of an amplitude modulated Gaussian (AMG) pulse in a cesium atomic vapor are presented. In a single-$\\Lambda$ type electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) medium, more severe distortion is observed for an AMG pulse than a Gaussian one. Using Fourier spectrum analysis, we find that the distortion, as well as the loss, is dominantly caused by linear absorption than dispersion. Accordingly, a compensation method is proposed to reshape the slow light pulse based on the transmission spectrum. In addition, we find a novel way to obtain simultaneous slow and fast light.

Wenzhuo Tang; Bin Luo; Yu Liu; Hong Guo

2009-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

73

Capital flows to Latin American countries: effects of foreign direct investment and remittances on growth and development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The significant restructuring of international capital flows to developing countries – in particular to Latin American countries – observed in the last quarter century has generated significant research in the area to examine its potential impact on development efforts. The resurgence of foreign direct investment (FDI) and the increasing significance of remittances, both as shares of gross domestic product (GDP), have made these types of capital flows the most analyzed. Despite the large fraction of empirical studies that find a positive and significant relationship between FDI and economic growth, an important fact that has been so far overlooked in the literature is its impact on standards of living in host countries. This dissertation first establishes the strong complementary connection between FDI and economic growth in Latin America, measured by increases in GDP per capita growth rates, to then examine additional channels through which it could affect the welfare of the region. I first show that FDI has a positive effect on central government tax revenues, which is mainly channeled through its effect on taxes on goods and services. I then show that FDI has a positive and significant effect on the employment rates in these host countries, with female employment rate getting the largest impact – relative to males. Remittances are another capital flow that plays a large and important role in certain economies, exceeding 10% of GDP in some countries. The impact of remittances on the main macroeconomic measures of a small open economy is analyzed in the last section using a stochastic limited participation model with cash in advance constraints and costly adjustment of cash holdings. After verifying that the model responds adequately to standard shocks, a remittances shock is introduced to examine the dynamic response of the representative economy. The results show that a positive remittances shock forces the exchange rate to depreciate and lowers both output and consumption in the period of the shock. The positive shock lowers utility during the shock but raises it from the following period onwards, improving discounted utility after 10 years when remittances are 10% of GDP and there are no adjustment costs.

Vacaflores Rivero, Diego Eduardo

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Probing the Fast and Slow Components of Global Warming by Returning Abruptly to Preindustrial Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fast and slow components of global warming in a comprehensive climate model are isolated by examining the response to an instantaneous return to preindustrial forcing. The response is characterized by an initial fast exponential decay with an ...

Isaac M. Held; Michael Winton; Ken Takahashi; Thomas Delworth; Fanrong Zeng; Geoffrey K. Vallis

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Design and implementation of a slow orbit control package at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe the design and implementation of a C++ client/server based slow orbit and energy control package based on the CDEV software control bus. Several client applications are described and operational experience is given.

Zeijts, J. van; Witherspoon, S.; Watson, W.A.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Implicit–Explicit Multistep Methods for Fast-Wave–Slow-Wave Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Implicit–explicit (IMEX) linear multistep methods are examined with respect to their suitability for the integration of fast-wave–slow-wave problems in which the fast wave has relatively low amplitude and need not be accurately simulated. The ...

Dale R. Durran; Peter N. Blossey

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Molar Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molar Growth Molar Growth Name: Daniel Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What animals have molars that grow continuously ? Replies: No mammals that I or my colleagues are aware of, only some few whose incisors grow continuously. J. Elliott Most vertebrates are "polyphyodonts" meaning that they replace teeth continuously through out their lives. All the teeth aren't replaced at once, but in waves so that the animals always have functional teeth around those that are lost. Most mammals are "diphyodonts", which means that they have only 2 sets of teeth: baby teeth and adult teeth. The teeth of herbivore mammals, those which eat grasses, seem to grow throughout their lives. But really, the teeth are very long and extend far down into the jaws. They gradually move up in the jaw toward the surface over time, with the area beneath them filling in with bone.

78

Population increases have not slowed down; Colorado saw even greater growth in 2001 and 2002. What is new  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of organic materials such as compost and bark. Pollutants are degraded by a natural population). 9. Webster T. S., Devinny J. S., Torres E.M. and Basrai S. S., Microbial ecosystems in compost

79

Eyeball Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eyeball Growth Eyeball Growth Name: Jade Hawk Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Okay, I know I'm supposed to be able to answer questions here, but a friend who teaches grades 7 & 8 general science wants to know if the human eyeball is fully grown at birth. I checked my references, which are rather limited when it comes to human physiology, and found nothing. Can anyone help? Replies: The eye will still develop in size, pigmentation, and neurologically but I don't have the details here at hand. A kitten is born with eyes even more immature than human babies. Besides having sealed eyes that take about a week to open, they have retinas that a avascularized and need to undergo neovascularization to properly nourish and oxygenate the tissue. We have used the kitten to study retinopathy of prematurity, a condition caused in part by increased inspired oxygen. The kitten is also used in the study of diabetic retinopathy which a I think is the leading cause of blindness in the US. Look up publications by Dale Phelps, MD.

80

The Relation between Ion Temperature Anisotropy and Formation of Slow Shocks in Collisionless Magnetic Reconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform a two-dimensional simulation by using an electromagnetic hybrid code to study the formation of slow-mode shocks in collisionless magnetic reconnection in low beta plasmas, and we focus on the relation between the formation of slow shocks and the ion temperature anisotropy enhanced at the shock downstream region. It is known that as magnetic reconnection develops, the parallel temperature along the magnetic field becomes large in association with the anisotropic PSBL (plasma sheet boundary layer) ion beams, and this temperature anisotropy has a tendency to suppress the formation of slow shocks. Based on our simulation result, we found that the slow shock formation is suppressed due to the large temperature anisotropy near the X-type region, but the ion temperature anisotropy relaxes with increasing the distance from the magnetic neutral point. As a result, two pairs of current structures, which are the strong evidence of dissipation of magnetic field in slow shocks, are formed at the distance x > 11...

Higashimori, Katsuaki

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Examination of pulverized waste recycled glass as filter media in slow sand filtration. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to investigate the pulverization of waste recycled glass to produce glass sand for slow sand filters. Pulverization experiments were performed using a fail mill pulverizer. The glass sand product from the pulverizer meets the size distribution requirements of ASTM-C-33 without size distribution adjustment. The size distribution must be adjusted to meet the grain size distribution requirements of the Ten States Standards and the USEPA for filter media used in slow sand filters. Pulverized glass that meet slow sand filter media specifications is an effective alternative to silica sand as a filter media for slow sand filtration. Three pilot plant slow sand filters with glass sand filter media were compared to a fourth filter containing silica sand filter media. Over an 8 month period of continuous operation, the performance of the glass sand filter media was as good or better than the silica sands, with removals of 56% to 96% for turbidity; 99.78% to 100.0% for coliform bacteria; 99.995% to 99.997% for giardia cysts; 99.92% and 99.97% for cryptosporidium oocysts. Based on a cost-benefit analysis, converting waste glass into filter media may be economically advantageous for recycling facilities.

Piccirillo, J.B.; Letterman, R.D.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Elevated Nitrogen Slows Carbon Decay in Forest Soils | U.S. DOE Office of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Elevated Nitrogen Slows Carbon Decay in Forest Soils Elevated Nitrogen Slows Carbon Decay in Forest Soils Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) News & Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3251 F: (301) 903-5051 E: sc.ber@science.doe.gov More Information » February 2013 Elevated Nitrogen Slows Carbon Decay in Forest Soils New clues emerge about microbial decomposition mechanisms. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo

83

Position-sensitive detection of slow neutrons: Survey of fundamental principles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper sets forth the fundamental principles governing the development of position-sensitive detection systems for slow neutrons. Since neutrons are only weakly interacting with most materials, it is not generally practical to detect slow neutrons directly. Therefore all practical slow neutron detection mechanisms depend on the use of nuclear reactions to ``convert`` the neutron to one or more charged particles, followed by the subsequent detection of the charged particles. The different conversion reactions which can be used are discussed, along with the relative merits of each. This is followed with a discussion of the various methods of charged particle detection, how these lend themselves to position-sensitive encoding, and the means of position encoding which can be applied to each case. Detector performance characteristics which may be of importance to the end user are discussed and related to these various detection and position-encoding mechanisms.

Crawford, R.K.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Position-sensitive detection of slow neutrons: Survey of fundamental principles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper sets forth the fundamental principles governing the development of position-sensitive detection systems for slow neutrons. Since neutrons are only weakly interacting with most materials, it is not generally practical to detect slow neutrons directly. Therefore all practical slow neutron detection mechanisms depend on the use of nuclear reactions to convert'' the neutron to one or more charged particles, followed by the subsequent detection of the charged particles. The different conversion reactions which can be used are discussed, along with the relative merits of each. This is followed with a discussion of the various methods of charged particle detection, how these lend themselves to position-sensitive encoding, and the means of position encoding which can be applied to each case. Detector performance characteristics which may be of importance to the end user are discussed and related to these various detection and position-encoding mechanisms.

Crawford, R.K.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2007 Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7), 7), (Washington, DC, January 2007). Key Assumptions The output of the U.S. economy, measured by GDP, is expected to increase by 2.9 percent between 2005 and 2030 in the reference case. Two key factors help explain the growth in GDP: the growth rate of nonfarm employment and the rate of productivity change associated with employment. As Table 3 indicates, for the Reference Case GDP growth slows down in each of the periods identified, from 3.0 percent between 2005 and 2010, to 2.9 percent between 2010 and 2020, to 2.8 percent in the between 2020 and 2030. In the near term from 2005 through 2010, the growth in nonfarm employment is low at 1.2 percent compared with 2.4 percent in the second half of the 1990s, while the economy is expected to experiencing relatively strong

86

Slow light enhanced correlated photon pair generation in photonic-crystal coupled-resonator optical waveguides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate the generation of quantum-correlated photon pairs from a Si photonic-crystal coupled-resonator optical waveguide. A slow-light supermode realized by the collective resonance of high-Q and small-mode-volume photonic-crystal cavities successfully enhanced the efficiency of the spontaneous four-wave mixing process. The generation rate of photon pairs was improved by two orders of magnitude compared with that of a photonic-crystal line defect waveguide without a slow-light effect.

Matsuda, Nobuyuki; Shimizu, Kaoru; Tokura, Yasuhiro; Kuramochi, Eiichi; Notomi, Masaya; 10.1364/OE.21.008596

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A Slowness Matching Eulerian Method for Multivalued Solutions of Eikonal Equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traveltime, or geodesic distance, is locally the solution of the eikonal equation of geometric optics. However traveltime between sufficiently distant points is generically multivalued. Finite difference eikonal solvers approximate only the viscosity ... Keywords: Hamilton–Jacobi, multivalued eikonal solvers, slowness matching, viscosity solution, weighted essentially nonoscillatory scheme (WENO)

William W. Symes; Jianliang Qian

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Slow proton production in semi-inclusive DIS off nuclei: the role of final state interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of the final state interaction on the production of slow protons in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic lepton scattering off nuclei is considered within the spectator mechanism and a realistic approach in which the rescattering in the medium of both the recoiling proton and the hadronizing nucleon debris are taken into account.

M. Alvioli; C. Ciofi degli Atti; V. Palli

2006-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

89

Slowing-in distribution of fast particles released in Maxwellian plasma  

SciTech Connect

The time-independent slowing-in distribution is evaluated for a fast beam of test particles released in an infinite Maxwellian plasma background for various situations including quantum-mechanical and classical scattering regimes. The analysis involves considerations of small angle deflection and large angle scattering events. The results are determined for plasma electrons with thermal velocities larger or smaller than the test particle and plasma ions with thermal velocities lower than the test particle. When plasma electrons and ions are slow the slowing-in distribution behaves as E/sub j//sup $sup 1$/$sub 2$/, where E/sub j/ is the test particle energy. When plasma electrons are faster than the test particles, the high-energy tail acquires a 1/E/sub j/ shape. The origin of the test particle remains arbitrary and hence the results apply for particles produced by fusion events within the plasma proper and for particles externally injected. The total energy distribution is obtained and normalized, and ranges of validity are determined. The calculations are of the Boltzmann type, which is consistent with binary scattering models. The slowing-in distributions are also obtained from the Fokker--Planck equation, and as expected, the results agree with those obtained from the Boltzmann equation for large angle scattering only. (auth)

Husseiny, A.A.; Sabri, Z.A.; Harris, D.R.

1975-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Dynamic Forcing of the Slow Transients by Synoptic-Scale Eddies: An Observational Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interactions between low-frequency transients and synoptic-scale eddies are examined. The 300-mb data from 1981 to 1986 analyzed by the ECMWF are used to calculate the height tendency of the slow transients due to vorticity forcing by ...

Jian Sheng; Jacques Derome

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Wind Farm Growth Through the Years | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Farm Growth Through the Years Wind Farm Growth Through the Years Wind Farm Growth Through the Years August 6, 2013 - 8:32am Addthis 1975 Start Slow Stop Year Wind Farms Homes Powered Added Current Year 815 Wind Farms Online. Enough to Power 15 M Homes Data provided by the EIA. The number of homes powered is estimated through conversion factors provided by the EIA. Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data Integration Specialist As we publish the 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report, we are excited to break down some recent EIA data not included in the report that shows significant wind farm growth across the nation. 2012 was a big year for wind energy. In total, 143 wind farms either came on line or added capacity in 2012, bringing the total number to 815. This brought the country's total wind capacity to more than 60 GW, enough energy to power about 15

92

Creep Crack Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Creep crack growth constants b and m for various ferritic steels...and Banerji, â??Creep Crack Growth Behavior

93

Florida Growth Fund (Florida)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Florida Growth Fund can provide investments in technology and growth-related companies through co-investments with other institutional investors. The Fund awards preference to companies...

94

Regional companies eye growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional companies eye growth Regional companies eye growth Adaptive Radio Technologies, Los Alamos Visualization Associates, Mesa Tech International Inc., and ThermaSun Inc. were...

95

Intrinsic aging and effective viscosity in the slow dynamics of a soft glass with tunable elasticity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate by rheology and light scattering the influence of the elastic modulus, $G_0$, on the slow dynamics and the aging of a soft glass. We show that the slow dynamics and the aging can be entirely described by the evolution of an effective viscosity, $\\eta_{eff}$, defined as the characteristic time measured in a stress relaxation experiment times $G_0$. At all time, $\\eta_{eff}$ is found to be independent of $G_0$, of elastic perturbations, and of the rate at which the sample is quenched in the glassy phase. We propose a simple model that links $\\eta_{eff}$ to the internal stress built up at the fluid-to-solid transition.

Laurence Ramos; Luca Cipelletti

2004-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

96

THE SLOW-MODE NATURE OF COMPRESSIBLE WAVE POWER IN SOLAR WIND TURBULENCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use a large, statistical set of measurements from the Wind spacecraft at 1 AU, and supporting synthetic spacecraft data based on kinetic plasma theory, to show that the compressible component of inertial range solar wind turbulence is primarily in the kinetic slow mode. The zero-lag cross-correlation C({delta}n, {delta}B{sub ||}) between proton density fluctuations {delta}n and the field-aligned (compressible) component of the magnetic field {delta}B{sub ||} is negative and close to -1. The typical dependence of C({delta}n, {delta}B{sub ||}) on the ion plasma beta {beta}{sub i} is consistent with a spectrum of compressible wave energy that is almost entirely in the kinetic slow mode. This has important implications for both the nature of the density fluctuation spectrum and for the cascade of kinetic turbulence to short wavelengths, favoring evolution to the kinetic Alfven wave mode rather than the (fast) whistler mode.

Howes, G. G.; Klein, K. G.; TenBarge, J. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 (United States); Bale, S. D.; Chen, C. H. K.; Salem, C. S. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Limitation of cross-excitation instability in a relativistic Cerenkov generator with coaxial slow wave structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The operation in the cross-excitation instability regimes for relativistic backward wave oscillators has been reported and studied in some earlier papers. In the experiment of a relativistic Cerenkov generator with coaxial slow wave structure (CRCG), the cross-excitation instability has also been observed by us. In this paper, experimental results for the CRCG operating in this regime are given, and an explanation is provided to account for the appearance of the instability. Based on this explanation, two types of reflectors, i.e., coaxial Bragg reflectors and cutoff necks, are adopted to restrain the cross-excitation instability by increasing the reflection coefficient at the entrance of the coaxial slow wave structure.

Xiao Renzhen; Zhang Lijun; Liang Tiezhu; Teng Yan; Chen Changhua; Shao Hao; Liu Guozhi [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Lin Yuzheng [Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Analysis of a Cellular Automaton Model for Car Traffic with a Slow-to-Stop Rule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a modification of the widely known Benjamin-Johnson-Hui (BJH) cellular automaton model for single-lane traffic simulation. In particular, our model includes a ‘slow-to-stop’ rule that exhibits more realistic microscopic driver behaviour than the BJH model. We present some statistics related to fuel economy and pollution generation and show that our model differs greatly in these measures. We give concise results based on extensive simulations using our system.

Adam Clarridge; Kai Salomaa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Fast and Slow Responses of the South Asian Monsoon System to Anthropogenic Aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a global climate model with fully predictive aerosol life cycle, we investigate the fast and slow responses of the South Asian monsoon system to anthropogenic aerosol forcing. Our results show that the feedbacks associated with sea surface temperature (SST) change caused by aerosols play a more important role than the aerosol's direct impact on radiation, clouds and land surface (rapid adjustments) in shaping the total equilibrium climate response of the monsoon system to aerosol forcing. Inhomogeneous SST cooling caused by anthropogenic aerosols eventually reduces the meridional tropospheric temperature gradient and the easterly shear of zonal winds over the region, slowing down the local Hadley cell circulation, decreasing the northward moisture transport, and causing a reduction in precipitation over South Asia. Although total responses in precipitation are closer to the slow responses in general, the fast component dominates over land areas north of 25°N. Our results also show an east-west asymmetry in the fast responses to anthropogenic aerosols causing increases in precipitation west of 80°E but decreases east of it.

Ganguly, Dilip; Rasch, Philip J.; Wang, Hailong; Yoon, Jin-Ho

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

100

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Trends Economic Trends Productivity and investment offset slow growth in labor force figure data Growth in the output of the U.S. economy depends on increases in the labor force, the growth of capital stock, and improvements in productivity. In the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013) Reference case, U.S. labor force growth slows over the projection period as the baby boom generation starts to retire, but projected growth in business fixed investment and spending on research and development offsets the slowdown in labor force growth. Annual real gross domestic product (GDP) growth averages 2.5 percent per year from 2011 to 2040 in the Reference case (Figure 44), which is 0.2 percentage point slower than the growth rate over the past 30 years. Slow long-run increases in the labor force indicate more moderate long-run

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Trends Economic Trends Productivity and investment offset slow growth in labor force figure data Growth in the output of the U.S. economy depends on increases in the labor force, the growth of capital stock, and improvements in productivity. In the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013) Reference case, U.S. labor force growth slows over the projection period as the baby boom generation starts to retire, but projected growth in business fixed investment and spending on research and development offsets the slowdown in labor force growth. Annual real gross domestic product (GDP) growth averages 2.5 percent per year from 2011 to 2040 in the Reference case (Figure 44), which is 0.2 percentage point slower than the growth rate over the past 30 years. Slow long-run increases in the labor force indicate more moderate long-run

102

Zero energy resonance and the logarithmically slow decay of unstable multilevel systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The long time behavior of the reduced time evolution operator for unstable multilevel systems is studied based on the N-level Friedrichs model in the presence of a zero energy resonance.The latter means the divergence of the resolvent at zero energy. Resorting to the technique developed by Jensen and Kato [Duke Math. J. 46, 583 (1979)], the zero energy resonance of this model is characterized by the zero energy eigenstate that does not belong to the Hilbert space. It is then shown that for some kinds of the rational form factors the logarithmically slow decay of the reduced time evolution operator can be realized.

Manabu Miyamoto

2006-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

103

Possible Diamond-Like Nanoscale Structures Induced by Slow Highly-Charged Ions on Graphite (HOPG)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction between slow highly-charged ions (SHCI) of different charge states from an electron-beam ion trap and highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) surfaces is studied in terms of modification of electronic states at single-ion impact nanosizeareas. Results are presented from AFM/STM analysis of the induced-surface topological features combined with Raman spectroscopy. I-V characteristics for a number of different impact regions were measured with STM and the results argue for possible formation of diamond-like nanoscale structures at the impact sites.

Sideras-Haddad, E.; Schenkel, T.; Shrivastava, S.; Makgato, T.; Batra, A.; Weis, C. D.; Persaud, A.; Erasmus, R.; Mwakikunga, B.

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

104

Linking the gaseous and the condensed phases of matter: The slow electron and its interactions  

SciTech Connect

The interfacing of the gaseous and the condensed phases of matter as effected by interphase and cluster studies on the behavior of key reactions involving slow electrons either as reacting initial particles or as products of the reactions themselves is discussed. Emphasis is placed on the measurement of both the cross sections and the energetics involved, although most of the available information to date is on the latter. The discussion is selectively focussed on electron scattering (especially the role of negative ion states in gases, clusters, and dense matter), ionization, electron attachment and photodetachment. The dominant role of the electric polarization of the medium is emphasized.

Christophorou, L.G.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

105

On the Use of Slow Ascent Meter-Scale Sampling (SAMS) Radiosondes for Observing Overturning Events in the Free Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note describes the development of a method for obtaining high vertical resolution (meter scale) measurements of basic meteorological quantities and turbulent overturns, using radiosondes with slow ascent rates. Although the method has some ...

Ben B. Balsley; Lakshmi Kantha; William Colgan

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Hail Growth Hysteresis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transition between wet and dry growth for graupel and hail is examined, and new figures are presented illustrating the critical water contents necessary for transitions into or out of the wet-growth regime. These figures are extended to ...

David B. Johnson; Roy M. Rasmussen

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Proceedings of the workshop on opportunities for atomic physics using slow, highly-charged ions  

SciTech Connect

The study of atomic physics with highly-charged ions is an area of intense activity at the present time because of a convergence of theoretical interest and advances in experimental techniques. The purpose of the Argonne ''Workshop on Opportunities for Atomic Physics Using Slow, Highly-Charged Ions'' was to bring together atomic, nuclear, and accelerator physicists in order to identify what new facilities would be most useful for the atomic physics community. The program included discussion of existing once-through machines, advanced ion sources, recoil ion techniques, ion traps, and cooler rings. One of the topics of the Workshop was to discuss possible improvement to the ANL Tandem-Linac facility (ATLAS) to enhance the capability for slowing down ions after they are stripped to a high-charge state (the Accel/Decel technique). Another topic was the opportunity for atomic physics provided by the ECR ion source which is being built for the Uranium Upgrade of ATLAS. 18 analytics were prepared for the individual papers in this volume.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Efficient light coupling into a photonic crystal waveguide with flatband slow mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We design an efficient coupler to transmit light from a strip waveguide into the flatband slow mode of a photonic crystal waveguide with ring-shaped holes. The coupler is a section of a photonic crystal waveguide with a higher group velocity, obtained by different ring dimensions. We demonstrate coupling efficiency in excess of 95% over the 8 nm wavelength range where the photonic crystal waveguide exhibits a quasi constant group velocity vg = c/37. An analysis based on the small Fabry-P\\'erot resonances in the simulated transmission spectra is introduced and used for studying the effect of the coupler length and for evaluating the coupling efficiency in different parts of the coupler. The mode conversion efficiency within the coupler is more than 99.7% over the wavelength range of interest. The parasitic reflectance in the coupler, which depends on the propagation constant mismatch between the slow mode and the coupler mode, is lower than 0.6% within this wavelength range.

Säynätjoki, A; Mulot, M; Cassagne, D; Ahopelto, J; Lipsanen, H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Slow dynamics, aging, and glassy rheology in soft and living matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the origins of slow dynamics, aging and glassy rheology in soft and living matter. Non-diffusive slow dynamics and aging in materials characterised by crowding of the constituents can be explained in terms of structural rearrangement or remodelling events that occur within the jammed state. In this context, we introduce the jamming phase diagram proposed by Liu and Nagel to understand the ergodic-nonergodic transition in these systems, and discuss recent theoretical attempts to explain the unusual, faster-than-exponential dynamical structure factors observed in jammed soft materials. We next focus on the anomalous rheology (flow and deformation behaviour) ubiquitous in soft matter characterised by metastability and structural disorder, and refer to the Soft Glassy Rheology (SGR) model that quantifies the mechanical response of these systems and predicts aging under suitable conditions. As part of a survey of experimental work related to these issues, we present x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) results of the aging of laponite clay suspensions following rejuvenation. We conclude by exploring the scientific literature for recent theoretical advances in the understanding of these models and for experimental investigations aimed at testing their predictions.

Ranjini Bandyopadhyay; Dennis Liang; James L. Harden; Robert L. Leheny

2006-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

110

Elevated CO2 and plant species diversity interact to slow root decomposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in plant species diversity can result in synergistic increases in decomposition rates, while elevated atmospheric CO2 can slow the decomposition rates; yet it remains unclear how diversity and changes in atmospheric CO2 may interact to alter root decomposition. To investigate how elevated CO2 interacts with changes in root-litter diversity to alter decomposition rates, we conducted a 120-day laboratory incubation. Roots from three species (Trifolium repens, Lespedeza cuneata, and Festuca pratense) grown under ambient or elevated CO2 were incubated individually or in combination in soils that were exposed to ambient or elevated CO2 for five years. Our experiment resulted in two main findings: (1) Roots from T. repens and L. cuneata, both nitrogen (N) fixers, grown under elevated CO2 treatments had significantly slower decomposition rates than similar roots grown under ambient CO2 treatments; but the decomposition rate of F. pratense roots (a non-N-fixing species) was similar regardless of CO2 treatment. (2) Roots of the three species grown under ambient CO2 and decomposed in combination with each other had faster decomposition rates than when they were decomposed as single species. However, roots of the three species grown under elevated CO2 had similar decomposition rates when they were incubated alone or in combination with other species. These data suggest that if elevated CO2 reduces the root decomposition rate of even a few species in the community, it may slow root decomposition of the entire plant community.

De Graaff, Marie-Anne [ORNL; Schadt, Christopher Warren [ORNL; Rula, Kelly L [ORNL; Six, Johan W U A [University of California, Davis; Schweitzer, Jennifer A [ORNL; Classen, Aimee T [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Hydrogen induced crack growth in Grade-12 titanium  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Internal hydrogen induced crack growth rates were measured in Grade-12 titanium which is a candidate material for high-level nuclear waste containers. As-received and hydrogen charged samples (5 ppM to 330 ppM hydrogen) were used for slow crack growth measurements at constant loads using a Krak Gauge. The testing temperature ranged from room temperature to 148/sup 0/C. The crack growth kinetics under low to moderate loads are linear, but this linear rate is interrupted by discrete fast crack jump segments with parabolic or cubic type kinetics. These fast jump segments are thought to be associated with the passage of the crack front through the alpha-beta interface phase or with the initial loading sequence. By measuring striation spacings on the fracture surface, most crack growth rates observed are found to be in stage II. The striations are considered to be associated with hydride fracture. The crack path is either transgranular in the alpha phase or interfacial in the alpha phase adjacent to the beta phase. For transgranular growth, crack growth rates are constant and slower than those for interfacial growth which is associated with fast crack growth through a high hydrogen concentration region. Most stage II crack growth rates depend slightly on the stress intensity suggesting the contribution of plastic tearing process to stage II kinetics. The activation energies for crack growth are much lower than the activation energy of hydrogen diffusion through the alpha phase, implying that hydrogen is transported along dislocations, grain boundaries or interfaces. When the temperature is increased, the crack velocity first reaches a maximum and then decreases at higher temperatures. These temperature effects come from lower hydrogen concentration trapped at dislocations or from slower hydride nucleation kinetics, both at higher temperatures.

Ahn, T.M.; Lee, K.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Identification of the slow E3 transition 136mCs -> 136Cs with conversion electrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We performed at ISOLDE the spectroscopy of the decay of the 8- isomer in 136Cs by and conversion-electron detection. For the first time the excitation energy of the isomer and the multipolarity of its decay have been measured. The half-life of the isomeric state was remeasured to T1/2 = 17.5(2) s. This isomer decays via a very slow 518 keV E3 transition to the ground state. In addition to this, a much weaker decay branch via a 413 keV M4 and a subsequent 105 keV E2 transition has been found. Thus we have found a new level at 105 keV with spin 4+ between the isomeric and the ground state. The results are discussed in comparison to shell model calculations.

K. Wimmer; U. Koester; P. Hoff; Th. Kroell; R. Kruecken; R. Lutter; H. Mach; Th. Morgan; S. Sarkar; M. Saha Sarkar; W. Schwerdtfeger; P. C. Srivastava; P. G. Thirolf; P. Van Isacker

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

113

STATUS OF SLOW EXTRACTION OF HIGH INTENSITY PROTONS FROM BROOKHAVEN'S AGS.  

SciTech Connect

The Brookhaven AGS third integer resonant extraction system allows the AGS to provide high quality, high intensity 25.5 GeV/c proton beams simultaneously to four target stations and as many as 8 experiments. With the increasing intensities (over 7 x 10{sup 13} protons/pulse) and associated longer spill periods (2.4 to 3 seconds long), we continue to run with low losses and high quality low modulation continuous current beams. We have an active program of high energy physics experiments, including the high precision measurement of the muons magnetic moment [1] and the discovery of the rare Kaon decay, K+ {yields} {pi} + {nu}{bar {nu}} [2]. This program is continuing into the future with the rare symmetry violating process experiments [3] currently being designed to operate at the AGS. In this paper, we will present results from operation of high intensity slow extraction, the problems we encounter, and our solutions to those problems.

BROWN,K.A.AHRENS,L.BRENNAN,J.M.GLENN,J.W.ROSER,T.RUSSO,T.TSOUPAS,N.SMITH,K.ZENO,K.

2003-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

114

Multiwavelength modeling the SED of very slow novae PU Vul and V723 Cas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evolution in the spectrum of very slow novae PU Vul and V723 Cas during their transition from the optical maximum to the nebular phase is investigated using the method of disentangling the composite UV/optical spectra. Model SEDs suggested that a transient decrease in the WD luminosity, during the decline from the maximum, was caused by a negative beaming effect, when a neutral disk around the WD was formed. When the disk disappeared, the luminosity increased again to values from the beginning of the outburst (in the case of V723 Cas, at/above the Eddington limit). This suggests the presence of a mechanism maintaining a high energy output for a much longer time than it is predicted by the current theories. Similarity of light curves, but enormous difference of the separation between the components of PU Vul and V723 Cas binaries suggest that the mechanism is basically powered by the accretor.

Skopal, Augustin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Generalized Slow Roll Conditions and the Possibility of Intermediate Scale Inflation in Scalar-Tensor Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalized slow roll conditions and parameters are obtained for a general form of scalar-tensor theory (with no external sources), having arbitrary functions describing a nonminimal gravitational coupling F(\\phi), a Kahler-like kinetic function k(\\phi), and a scalar potential V(\\phi). These results are then used to analyze a simple toy model example of chaotic inflation with a single scalar field \\phi and a standard Higgs potential and a simple gravitational coupling function. In this type of model inflation can occur with inflaton field values at an intermediate scale of roughly 10^{11} GeV when the particle physics symmetry breaking scale is approximately 1 TeV, provided that the theory is realized within the Jordan frame. If the theory is realized in the Einstein frame, however, the intermediate scale inflation does not occur.

J. R. Morris

2001-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

116

L10 structure formation in slow-cooled Fe-Au nanoclusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ordered L10 structure has been formed in near-stoichiometric Fe-Au alloy nanoparticles. The L10 structure with a?=?0.367?nm and c?=?0.360?nm was observed in nanoclusters with diameters below 10?nm after slow cooling from 600?°C. The stable L10 structure formed from a parent fcc solid solution phase observed in the as-formed clusters. The fcc phase has a lattice parameter of 0.417?nm, significantly expanded compared to both Au and ?-Fe. The saturation magnetization and coercivity of both fcc and L10 structures were much lower than expected considering Fe dilution effects suggesting competing ferromagnetic and anti-ferromagnetic ordering.

Mukherjee, P.; Zhang, Ying; Kramer, Matthew J.; Lewis, L.H.; Shield, J.E.

2012-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

117

MAGNETIC FLUX DENSITY MEASURED IN FAST AND SLOW SOLAR WIND STREAMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The radial component of the heliospheric magnetic field vector is used to estimate the open magnetic flux density of the Sun. This parameter has been calculated using observations from the Ulysses mission that covered heliolatitudes from 80 Degree-Sign S to 80 Degree-Sign N, from 1990 to 2009 and distances from 1 to 5.4 AU, the Advanced Composition Explorer mission at 1 AU from 1997 to 2010, the OMNI interplanetary database from 1971, and the Helios 1 and 2 missions that covered the distance range from 0.3 to 1 AU. The flux density was found to be much affected by fluctuations in the magnetic field which make its calculated value dependent on heliospheric location, type of solar wind (fast or slow), and the level of solar activity. However, fluctuations are distributed symmetrically perpendicular to the average Parker direction. Therefore, distributions of the field vector in the two-dimensional plane defined by the radial and azimuthal directions in heliospheric coordinates provide a way to reduce the effects of the fluctuations on the measurement of the flux density. This leads to a better defined flux density parameter; the distributions modified by removing the effects of fluctuations then allow a clearer assessment of the dependence of the flux density on heliospheric location, solar wind type, and solar activity. This assessment indicates that the flux density normalized to 1 AU is independent of location and solar wind type (fast or slow). However, there is a residual dependence on solar activity which can be studied using the modified flux density measurements.

Erdos, G. [Wigner Research Centre for Physics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest, POB 49 (Hungary); Balogh, A., E-mail: erdos.geza@wigner.mta.hu [The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

118

Sorghum Growth and Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sorghum is well adapted to Texas, and its ability to yield consistently makes it popular with growers. This publication discusses sorghum plant biology and growth.

Gerik, Tom; Bean, Brent W.; Vanderlip, Richard

2003-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

119

Quasi-Periodic Releases of Streamer Blobs and Velocity Variability of the Slow Solar Wind near the Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We search for persistent and quasi-periodic release events of streamer blobs during 2007 with the Large Angle Spectrometric Coronagraph on the \\textit{Solar and Heliospheric Observatory} and assess the velocity of the slow solar wind along the plasma sheet above the corresponding streamer by measuring the dynamic parameters of blobs. We find 10 quasi-periodic release events of streamer blobs lasting for three to four days. In each day of these events, we observe three-five blobs. The results are in line with previous studies using data observed near the last solar minimum. Using the measured blob velocity as a proxy for that of the mean flow, we suggest that the velocity of the background slow solar wind near the Sun can vary significantly within a few hours. This provides an observational manifestation of the large velocity variability of the slow solar wind near the Sun.

Song, H Q; Liu, K; Feng, S W; Xia, L D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Lead Slowing-Down Spectrometry for Spent Fuel Assay: FY11 Status Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Executive Summary Developing a method for the accurate, direct, and independent assay of the fissile isotopes in bulk materials (such as used fuel) from next-generation domestic nuclear fuel cycles is a goal of the Office of Nuclear Energy, Fuel Cycle R&D, Material Protection and Control Technology (MPACT) Campaign. To meet this goal, MPACT supports a multi-institutional collaboration to study the feasibility of Lead Slowing Down Spectroscopy (LSDS). This technique is an active nondestructive assay method that has the potential to provide independent, direct measurement of Pu and U isotopic masses in used fuel with an uncertainty considerably lower than the approximately 10% typical of today’s confirmatory assay methods. This document is a progress report for FY2011 collaboration activities. Progress made by the collaboration in FY2011 continues to indicate the promise of LSDS techniques applied to used fuel. PNNL developed an empirical model based on calibration of the LSDS to responses generated from well-characterized used fuel. The empirical model demonstrated the potential for the direct and independent assay of the sum of the masses of 239Pu and 241Pu to within approximately 3% over a wide used fuel parameter space. Similar results were obtained using a perturbation approach developed by LANL. Benchmark measurements have been successfully conducted at LANL and at RPI using their respective LSDS instruments. The ISU and UNLV collaborative effort is focused on the fabrication and testing of prototype fission chambers lined with ultra-depleted 238U and 232Th, and uranium deposition on a stainless steel disc using spiked U3O8 from room temperature ionic liquid was successful, with improving thickness obtained. In FY2012, the collaboration plans a broad array of activities. PNNL will focus on optimizing its empirical model and minimizing its reliance on calibration data, as well continuing efforts on developing an analytical model. Additional measurements are planned at LANL and RPI. LANL measurements will include a Pu sample, which is expected to provide more counts at longer slowing-down times to help identify discrepancies between experimental data and MCNPX simulations. RPI measurements will include the assay of an entire fresh fuel assembly for the study of self-shielding effects as well as the ability to detect diversion by detecting a missing fuel pin in the fuel assembly. The development of threshold neutron sensors will continue, and UNLV will calibrate existing ultra-depleted uranium deposits at ISU.

Warren, Glen A.; Casella, Andrew M.; Haight, R. C.; Anderson, Kevin K.; Danon, Yaron; Hatchett, D.; Becker, Bjorn; Devlin, M.; Imel, G. R.; Beller, D.; Gavron, A.; Kulisek, Jonathan A.; Bowyer, Sonya M.; Gesh, Christopher J.; O'Donnell, J. M.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Positron-diffraction experiments with a brightness-enhanced slow positron beam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The construction of a high brightness slow positron beam has enabled us to extend Low Energy Positron Diffraction (LEPD) measurements well beyond the previously accessible range of energies. Details of the design and construction of this beam, which utilizes two stages of reflection remoderation for a 500-fold increase in brightness-per-volt, are presented, with emphasis on the positron optics. The positron beam is maintained in an ultra-high vacuum environment. This, together with the inclusion of facilities for display LEED and Auger Electron Spectroscopy, make the apparatus well suited for surface studies. Two sets of experiments performed with this new apparatus are described. Measurements of the specularly diffracted intensity from Cu(001) and Cu(111) single crystals show large peaks in the previously inaccessible 10-30 volt range. These peaks are well displaced from the kinematic Bragg positions and may be influenced by the emergence of non-specular diffraction beams, but the sharp series of features characteristic of beam threshold effects has not been observed. In the second set of experiments neutral positronium atom production is measured as a function of incident positron energy. The observed positronium production is correlated to the intensity vs. energy spectrum for diffracted positrons, suggesting that positronium formation is an important channel for elastically scattered positrons. The angular distribution of positronium formed changes with incident beam energy and may contain information on the details of the potential in the surface region.

Lippel, P.H.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

PROPAGATING SLOW MAGNETOACOUSTIC WAVES IN CORONAL LOOPS OBSERVED BY HINODE/EIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first Hinode/EUV Imaging Spectrometer observations of 5 minute quasi-periodic oscillations detected in a transition-region line (He II) and five coronal lines (Fe X, Fe XII, Fe XIII, Fe XIV, and Fe XV) at the footpoint of a coronal loop. The oscillations exist throughout the whole observation, characterized by a series of wave packets with nearly constant period, typically persisting for 4-6 cycles with a lifetime of 20-30 minutes. There is an approximate in-phase relation between Doppler shift and intensity oscillations. This provides evidence for slow magnetoacoustic waves propagating upward from the transition region into the corona. We find that the oscillations detected in the five coronal lines are highly correlated, and the amplitude decreases with increasing temperature. The amplitude of Doppler shift oscillations decrease by a factor of about 3, while that of relative intensity decreases by a factor of about 4 from Fe X to Fe XV. These oscillations may be caused by the leakage of the photospheric p-modes through the chromosphere and transition region into the corona, which has been suggested as the source for intensity oscillations previously observed by Transition Region and Coronal Explorer. The temperature dependence of the oscillation amplitudes can be explained by damping of the waves traveling along the loop with multithread structure near the footpoint. Thus, this property may have potential value for coronal seismology in diagnostic of temperature structure in a coronal loop.

Wang, T. J.; Ofman, L. [Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, 620 Michigan Avenue, Washington, DC 20064 (United States); Davila, J. M. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 671, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)], E-mail: wangtj@helio.gsfc.nasa.gov

2009-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

123

Simplified treatment of exact resonance elastic scattering model in deterministic slowing down equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simplified treatment of resonance elastic scattering model considering thermal motion of heavy nuclides and the energy dependence of the resonance cross section was implemented into NJOY [1]. In order to solve deterministic slowing down equation considering the effect of up-scattering without iterative calculations, scattering kernel for heavy nuclides is pre-calculated by the formula derived by Ouisloumen and Sanchez [2], and neutron spectrum in up-scattering term is expressed by NR approximation. To check the verification of the simplified treatment, the treatment is applied to U-238 for the energy range from 4 eV to 200 eV. Calculated multi-group capture cross section of U-238 is greater than that of conventional method and the increase of the capture cross sections is remarkable as the temperature becomes high. Therefore Doppler coefficient calculated in UO{sub 2} fuel pin is calculated more negative value than that on conventional method. The impact on Doppler coefficient is equivalent to the results of exact treatment of resonance elastic scattering reported in previous studies [2-7]. The agreement supports the validation of the simplified treatment and therefore this treatment is applied for other heavy nuclide to evaluate the Doppler coefficient in MOX fuel. The result shows that the impact of considering thermal agitation in resonance scattering in Doppler coefficient comes mainly from U-238 and that of other heavy nuclides such as Pu-239, 240 etc. is not comparable in MOX fuel. (authors)

Ono, M.; Wada, K.; Kitada, T. [Osaka Univ., 2-1, yamadaoka, Suita-shi, Osaka, 565-0871 (Japan)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Design concepts for a pulse power test facility to simulate EMP surges. Part II. Slow pulses  

SciTech Connect

The work described in this report was sponsored by the Division of Electric Energy Systems (EES) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) through a subcontract with the Power Systems Technology Program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The work deals with the effect of high altitude nuclear bursts on electric power systems. In addition to fast voltage transients, slow, quasi-dc currents are also induced into extended power systems with grounded neutral connections. Similar phenomena at lower magnitude are generated by solar induced electromagnetic pulses (EMP). These have caused power outages, related to solar storms, at northern latitudes. The applicable utility experience is reviewed in order to formulate an optimum approach to future testing. From a wide variety of options two pulser designs were selected as most practical, a transformer-rectifier power supply, and a lead acid battery pulser. both can be mounted on a trailer as required for field testing on utility systems. The battery system results in the least cost. Testing on power systems requires that the dc pulser pass high values of alternating current, resulting from neutral imbalance or from potential fault currents. Batteries have a high ability to pass alternating currents. Most other pulser options must be protected by an ac bypass in the form of an expensive capacitor bank. 8D truck batteries can meet the original specification of 1 kA test current. Improved batteries for higher discharge currents are available.

Dethlefsen, R.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Monthly GDP Estimates for Inter-War Britain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nsumption, electricity consumption, merchandise on railways, commercial motors in use, postal receipts, building activity, iron and steel for home consumption, raw cotton delivered to mills, imports of raw materials, exports British manufactures, shipping... and the General tariff in February 1932 6 . However, neither of these policies seems to have generated immediate observable effects on the path of recovery with the economy continuing to slide between February and September 1932. Clearly, Temin’s hypothesis...

Mitchell, James; Solomou, Solomos; Weale, Martin

126

Monthly and Quarterly GDP Estimates for Interwar Britain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ended the Great depression we need good quality high frequency data and provided some high frequency analysis of the recovery profiles in the USA and Germany. However, he did not provide the high-frequency data needed to analyse the British case... -values Factor loadings (x100) Autoregressive Coeff t-value Coeff t-value Employment 1.27 12.65 -0.20 -2.62 Coal Consumption 0.96 7.40 0.79 3.96 Electricity Consumption 0.52 0.83 -0.37 -4.86 Railways 0.51 2.28 -0.50 -6.87 Motor 3.00 6.31 -0.39 -5...

Mitchell, James; Solomou, Solomos; Weale, M

127

A NEW METHOD FOR CLASSIFYING FLARES OF UV Ceti TYPE STARS: DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SLOW AND FAST FLARES  

SciTech Connect

In this study, a new method is presented to classify flares derived from the photoelectric photometry of UV Ceti type stars. This method is based on statistical analyses using an independent samples t-test. The data used in analyses were obtained from four flare stars observed between 2004 and 2007. The total number of flares obtained in the observations of AD Leo, EV Lac, EQ Peg, and V1054 Oph is 321 in the standard Johnson U band. As a result flares can be separated into two types, slow and fast, depending on the ratio of flare decay time to flare rise time. The ratio is below 3.5 for all slow flares, while it is above 3.5 for all fast flares. Also, according to the independent samples t-test, there is a difference of about 157 s between equivalent durations of slow and fast flares. In addition, there are significant differences between amplitudes and rise times of slow and fast flares.

Dal, H. A.; Evren, S., E-mail: ali.dal@ege.edu.t [Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Ege, Bornova, 35100 Izmir (Turkey)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Slow-Moving Vehicle Emblem The Society for engineering in agricultural, food, and biological systems (ASAE), which  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems (ASAE), which develops standards for specific agricultural equipment and materials, has a standard and durability of the yellow-orange fluorescent triangle that provides daylight identification of slow of at least 600 feet day or night. The fluorescent yellow-orange center is the most visible color in daylight

129

The effects of strong temperature anisotropy on the kinetic structure of collisionless slow shocks and reconnection exhausts. Part II: Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulations of collisionless oblique propagating slow shocks have revealed the existence of a transition associated with a critical temperature anisotropy epsilon=1-mu_0(P_parallel-P_perpendicular)/ B^2 = 0.25 (Liu, Drake and Swisdak (2011)). An explanation for this phenomenon is proposed here based on anisotropic fluid theory, in particular the Anisotropic Derivative Nonlinear-Schrodinger-Burgers equation, with an intuitive model of the energy closure for the downstream counter-streaming ions. The anisotropy value of 0.25 is significant because it is closely related to the degeneracy point of the slow and intermediate modes, and corresponds to the lower bound of the coplanar to non-coplanar transition that occurs inside a compound slow shock (SS)/rotational discontinuity (RD) wave. This work implies that it is a pair of compound SS/RD waves that bound the outflows in magnetic reconnection, instead of a pair of switch-off slow shocks as in Petschek's model. This fact might explain the rareness of in-situ obse...

Liu, Yi-Hsin; Swisdak, Marc

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

ISOTOPIC MASS FRACTIONATION OF SOLAR WIND: EVIDENCE FROM FAST AND SLOW SOLAR WIND COLLECTED BY THE GENESIS MISSION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NASA's Genesis space mission returned samples of solar wind collected over {approx}2.3 years. We present elemental and isotopic compositions of He, Ne, and Ar analyzed in diamond-like carbon targets from the slow and fast solar wind collectors to investigate isotopic fractionation processes during solar wind formation. The solar wind provides information on the isotopic composition for most volatile elements for the solar atmosphere, the bulk Sun and hence, on the solar nebula from which it formed 4.6 Ga ago. Our data reveal a heavy isotope depletion in the slow solar wind compared to the fast wind composition by 63.1 {+-} 2.1 per mille for He, 4.2 {+-} 0.5 per mille amu{sup -1} for Ne and 2.6 {+-} 0.5 per mille amu{sup -1} for Ar. The three Ne isotopes suggest that isotopic fractionation processes between fast and slow solar wind are mass dependent. The He/H ratios of the collected slow and fast solar wind samples are 0.0344 and 0.0406, respectively. The inefficient Coulomb drag model reproduces the measured isotopic fractionation between fast and slow wind. Therefore, we apply this model to infer the photospheric isotopic composition of He, Ne, and Ar from our solar wind data. We also compare the isotopic composition of oxygen and nitrogen measured in the solar wind with values of early solar system condensates, probably representing solar nebula composition. We interpret the differences between these samples as being due to isotopic fractionation during solar wind formation. For both elements, the magnitude and sign of the observed differences are in good agreement with the values predicted by the inefficient Coulomb drag model.

Heber, Veronika S.; Baur, Heinrich; Wieler, Rainer [Institute for Geochemistry and Petrology, ETH Zurich, Clausiusstrasse 25, CH-8092 Zurich (Switzerland); Bochsler, Peter [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Bern, Sidlerstasse 5, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland); McKeegan, Kevin D. [Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, 595 Charles Young Drive East, Box 951567, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1567 (United States); Neugebauer, Marcia [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0092 (United States); Reisenfeld, Daniel B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 (United States); Wiens, Roger C., E-mail: heber@ess.ucla.edu [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

131

Fish scales and growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fish scales and growth Name: Belinda Clark Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: In my daughter's book about fish, it states that fish continue to get bigger as they age...

132

FGF growth factor analogs  

SciTech Connect

The present invention provides a fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the formula: ##STR00001## where R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.4, R.sub.5, X, Y and Z are as defined, pharmaceutical compositions, coating compositions and medical devices including the fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the foregoing formula, and methods and uses thereof.

Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Takahashi, Kazuyuki (Germantown, MD)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

133

Excitation of fast waves by slow waves near the lower-hybrid frequency  

SciTech Connect

Resonant and non-resonant decays of short wavelength lower hybrid waves into long wave-length whistler waves and ion acoustic waves are considered. It is shown that the dominant coupling to the ion acoustic mode arises from the magnetic force producing a pressure variation along the magnetic field lines. The growth rate and the threshold condition for this decay instability compare favorably with other decay instabilities near the lower-hybrid frequency. (auth)

Berger, R. L.; Chen, L.

1976-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

On Impacts of Economic Growth.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents four papers on impacts of economic growth. The results indicate that faster economic growth improves the short-run political survival prospects of national… (more)

Burke, Paul John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Artificial light and plant growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Artificial light and plant growth Name: Lim Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: What color of artificial light works the best in plant growth? Replies:...

136

Residential Electricity Demand in China -- Can Efficiency Reverse the Growth?  

SciTech Connect

The time when energy-related carbon emissions come overwhelmingly from developed countries is coming to a close. China has already overtaken the United States as the world's leading emitter of greenhouse gas emissions. The economic growth that China has experienced is not expected to slow down significantly in the long term, which implies continued massive growth in energy demand. This paper draws on the extensive expertise from the China Energy Group at LBNL on forecasting energy consumption in China, but adds to it by exploring the dynamics of demand growth for electricity in the residential sector -- and the realistic potential for coping with it through efficiency. This paper forecasts ownership growth of each product using econometric modeling, in combination with historical trends in China. The products considered (refrigerators, air conditioners, fans, washing machines, lighting, standby power, space heaters, and water heating) account for 90percent of household electricity consumption in China. Using this method, we determine the trend and dynamics of demandgrowth and its dependence on macroeconomic drivers at a level of detail not accessible by models of a more aggregate nature. In addition, we present scenarios for reducing residential consumption through efficiency measures defined at the product level. The research takes advantage of an analytical framework developed by LBNL (BUENAS) which integrates end use technology parameters into demand forecasting and stock accounting to produce detailed efficiency scenarios, thus allowing for a technologically realistic assessment of efficiency opportunities specifically in the Chinese context.

Letschert, Virginie; McNeil, Michael A.; Zhou, Nan

2009-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

137

Dendrothermal dream threatened in the Philippines: plantation yields and budgets are slowing progress  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The components were there - educated personnel with managerial skills, large areas of underutilized land, excellent climate for tree growth, low-cost labor. The incentive was there - escalating oil prices in the 1970s. Thus, in 1979, the Philippine Dendrothermal Power Program got under way. Planners envisioned 60 to 70 wood-fired electric power plants with a total generating capacity of 200 megawatts (Denton 1983). The power plants - fueled by wood from fast-growing tree plantations-promised employment and income for tree farmers, stable electric rates for consumers, reduced oil imports, rural-to-urban migration, and additional hectares of reforested land. This paper discusses the status of the program.

Durst, P.B.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

ARM - Measurement - Hygroscopic growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hygroscopic growth The rate that aerosol particles grow at relative humidity values less than 100 percent. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System SMPS : Scanning mobility particle sizer TDMA : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Field Campaign Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System

139

Pollution adn Plant Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution adn Plant Growth Pollution adn Plant Growth Name: Virdina Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are the effcts off water polltuion on plant growth? Are there any good websites where I can find current or on going research being done by other scientist? Replies: Dear Virdina, Possibly helpful: http://www.ec.gc.ca/water/en/manage/poll/e_poll.htm http://www.epa.vic.gov.au/wq/info/wq987.htm Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach This is a very complicated question, there are so many different types of water pollution and different species of plants react very differently. Good places to start are the U.S. environmental protection agency, the office of water is at: http://www.epa.gov/ow/ and there is a link to a kid's page from there: http://www.epa.gov/OST/KidsStuff/ You might also try state EPA's, Illinois is at:

140

Plant Tumor Growth Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Tumor Growth Rates Plant Tumor Growth Rates Name: Gina and Maria Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We are doing a science fair project on if B. Carotene, Green tea, and Grape Seed Extract helps plants against the crown gall disease. We injected sunflowers with agrobacterium tum. one week ago (Sun. Feb. 27, 2000). Our questions is how long will it take for the tumors to grow? We scratched the surface of the stems and injected the agrobacterium in the wound. Also which do you think, in your opinion, will do the best, if any? Our science fair is April 13, do you think we'll have growth before then, atleast enough time to do our conclusion and results? Thank you, any information you forward will be very helpful. Replies: Sunflowers form galls relatively quickly. I usually get them in two weeks at least. Good luck.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

ON THE LOW-FREQUENCY BOUNDARY OF SUN-GENERATED MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC TURBULENCE IN THE SLOW SOLAR WIND  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New aspects of the slow solar wind turbulent heating and acceleration are investigated. A physical meaning of the lower boundary of the Alfven wave turbulent spectra in the solar atmosphere and the solar wind is studied and the significance of this natural parameter is demonstrated. Via an analytical and quantitative treatment of the problem we show that a truncation of the wave spectra from the lower frequency side, which is a consequence of the solar magnetic field structure and its cyclic changes, results in a significant reduction of the heat production and acceleration rates. An appropriate analysis is presented regarding the link of the considered problem with existing observational data and slow solar wind initiation scenarios.

Shergelashvili, Bidzina M.; Fichtner, Horst [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik IV, Weltraum- und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, 44780 Bochum (Germany)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

142

Lead Slowing-Down Spectrometry Time Spectral Analysis for Spent Fuel Assay: FY12 Status Report  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary Developing a method for the accurate, direct, and independent assay of the fissile isotopes in bulk materials (such as used fuel) from next-generation domestic nuclear fuel cycles is a goal of the Office of Nuclear Energy, Fuel Cycle R&D, Material Protection and Control Technology (MPACT) Campaign. To meet this goal, MPACT supports a multi-institutional collaboration, of which PNNL is a part, to study the feasibility of Lead Slowing Down Spectroscopy (LSDS). This technique is an active nondestructive assay method that has the potential to provide independent, direct measurement of Pu and U isotopic masses in used fuel with an uncertainty considerably lower than the approximately 10% typical of today’s confirmatory methods. This document is a progress report for FY2012 PNNL analysis and algorithm development. Progress made by PNNL in FY2012 continues to indicate the promise of LSDS analysis and algorithms applied to used fuel assemblies. PNNL further refined the semi-empirical model developed in FY2011 based on singular value decomposition (SVD) to numerically account for the effects of self-shielding. The average uncertainty in the Pu mass across the NGSI-64 fuel assemblies was shown to be less than 3% using only six calibration assemblies with a 2% uncertainty in the isotopic masses. When calibrated against the six NGSI-64 fuel assemblies, the algorithm was able to determine the total Pu mass within <2% uncertainty for the 27 diversion cases also developed under NGSI. Two purely empirical algorithms were developed that do not require the use of Pu isotopic fission chambers. The semi-empirical and purely empirical algorithms were successfully tested using MCNPX simulations as well applied to experimental data measured by RPI using their LSDS. The algorithms were able to describe the 235U masses of the RPI measurements with an average uncertainty of 2.3%. Analyses were conducted that provided valuable insight with regard to design requirements (e.g. Pb stack size, neutron source location) of an LSDS for the purpose of assaying used fuel assemblies. Sensitivity studies were conducted that provide insight as to how the LSDS instrument can be improved by making it more sensitive to the center of the fuel assemblies. In FY2013, PNNL will continue efforts to develop and refine design requirements of an LSDS for the ultimate purpose of assaying used fuel assemblies. Future efforts will be directed toward more extensive experimental benchmarking of currently implemented time-spectra analysis algorithms.

Kulisek, Jonathan A.; Anderson, Kevin K.; Casella, Andrew M.; Siciliano, Edward R.; Warren, Glen A.

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

143

Lead Slowing-Down Spectrometry Time Spectral Analysis for Spent Fuel Assay: FY12 Status Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Executive Summary Developing a method for the accurate, direct, and independent assay of the fissile isotopes in bulk materials (such as used fuel) from next-generation domestic nuclear fuel cycles is a goal of the Office of Nuclear Energy, Fuel Cycle R&D, Material Protection and Control Technology (MPACT) Campaign. To meet this goal, MPACT supports a multi-institutional collaboration, of which PNNL is a part, to study the feasibility of Lead Slowing Down Spectroscopy (LSDS). This technique is an active nondestructive assay method that has the potential to provide independent, direct measurement of Pu and U isotopic masses in used fuel with an uncertainty considerably lower than the approximately 10% typical of today’s confirmatory methods. This document is a progress report for FY2012 PNNL analysis and algorithm development. Progress made by PNNL in FY2012 continues to indicate the promise of LSDS analysis and algorithms applied to used fuel assemblies. PNNL further refined the semi-empirical model developed in FY2011 based on singular value decomposition (SVD) to numerically account for the effects of self-shielding. The average uncertainty in the Pu mass across the NGSI-64 fuel assemblies was shown to be less than 3% using only six calibration assemblies with a 2% uncertainty in the isotopic masses. When calibrated against the six NGSI-64 fuel assemblies, the algorithm was able to determine the total Pu mass within Pu isotopic fission chambers. The semi-empirical and purely empirical algorithms were successfully tested using MCNPX simulations as well applied to experimental data measured by RPI using their LSDS. The algorithms were able to describe the 235U masses of the RPI measurements with an average uncertainty of 2.3%. Analyses were conducted that provided valuable insight with regard to design requirements (e.g. Pb stack size, neutron source location) of an LSDS for the purpose of assaying used fuel assemblies. Sensitivity studies were conducted that provide insight as to how the LSDS instrument can be improved by making it more sensitive to the center of the fuel assemblies. In FY2013, PNNL will continue efforts to develop and refine design requirements of an LSDS for the ultimate purpose of assaying used fuel assemblies. Future efforts will be directed toward more extensive experimental benchmarking of currently implemented time-spectra analysis algorithms.

Kulisek, Jonathan A.; Anderson, Kevin K.; Casella, Andrew M.; Siciliano, Edward R.; Warren, Glen A.

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

144

Research District Seeing Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly economic diversity column for the Tri-City Herald (May 2012) - excerpt follows: It’s been a while since I’ve updated you on the Tri-Cities Research District, most certainly not for lack of new activity over the past several months. In fact, much has happened, and there’s more to come. I think many of us see new land development and construction as indicative of current or impending economic growth. So those of you who have ventured into North Richland either via Stevens Drive or George Washington Way lately have probably begun sensing and anticipating that such growth is afoot.

Madison, Alison L.

2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

145

Export.gov - 05312011 Lithuania Home Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

financial crisis didn't spare Lithuania: negative growth in Q4 reduced the annual GDP growth rate to 3.2% and in 2009 GDP shrank by 15%. Business bankruptcies rose and...

146

Lead Slowing-Down Spectrometry for Spent Fuel Assay: FY12 Status Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Executive Summary The Office of Nuclear Energy, Fuel Cycle R&D, Material Protection and Control Technology (MPACT) Campaign is supporting a multi-institutional collaboration to study the feasibility of using Lead Slowing Down Spectroscopy (LSDS) to conduct direct, independent and accurate assay of fissile isotopes in used fuel assemblies. The collaboration consists of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), Idaho State University (ISU). There are three main challenges to implementing LSDS to assay used fuel assemblies. These challenges are the development of an algorithm for interpreting the data with an acceptable accuracy for the fissile masses, the development of suitable detectors for the technique, and the experimental benchmarking of the approach. This report is a summary of the progress in these areas made by the collaboration during FY2012. Significant progress was made on the project in FY2012. Extensive characterization of a “semi-empirical” algorithm was conducted. For example, we studied the impact on the accuracy of this algorithm by the minimization of the calibration set, uncertainties in the calibration masses, and by the choice of time window. Issues such a lead size, number of required neutrons, placement of the neutron source and the impact of cadmium around the detectors were also studied. In addition, new algorithms were developed that do not require the use of plutonium fission chambers. These algorithms were applied to measurement data taken by RPI and shown to determine the 235U mass within 4%. For detectors, a new concept for a fast neutron detector involving 4He recoil from neutron scattering was investigated. The detector has the potential to provide a couple of orders of magnitude more sensitivity than 238U fission chambers. Progress was also made on the more conventional approach of using 232Th fission chambers as fast neutron detectors. For benchmarking measurements, we continue to improve our understanding of the experimental setup by studying issues such as the effect of room return and impurities in the lead. RPI performed a series of experiments with a fresh fuel pin and various 235U and 239Pu sources. A comparison between simulations and measurements shows significant deviations after 200 µs for both 235U and 239Pu samples, as well as significant deviations at earlier times for the 239Pu sample. The FY2013 effort will shift focus to planning for a Technical Readiness Level 5 demonstration. The primary deliverable for the year will be a plan on how to do this demonstration. The plan will include measurement design, sample acquisition, sample handling, cost estimate, schedule and assumptions. Research will continue on the 4He detector, algorithms development, thorium fission chambers and benchmarking measurements involving sub assemblies of fresh fuel.

Warren, Glen A.; Anderson, Kevin K.; Casella, Andrew M.; Danon, Yaron; Devlin, M.; Gavron, A.; Haight, R. C.; Harris, Jason; Imel, G. R.; Kulisek, Jonathan A.; O'Donnell, J. M.; Stewart, T.; Weltz, Adam

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

148

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

149

Time-dependent Protein-directed Growth of Gold Nanoparticles within a Single Crystal of Lysozyme  

SciTech Connect

Gold nanoparticles are useful in biomedical applications due to their distinct optical properties and high chemical stability. Reports of the biogenic formation of gold colloids from gold complexes has also led to an increased level of interest in the biomineralization of gold. However, the mechanism responsible for biomolecule-directed gold nanoparticle formation remains unclear due to the lack of structural information about biological systems and the fast kinetics of biomimetic chemical systems in solution. Here we show that intact single crystals of lysozyme can be used to study the time-dependent, protein-directed growth of gold nanoparticles. The protein crystals slow down the growth of the gold nanoparticles, allowing detailed kinetic studies to be carried out, and permit a three-dimensional structural characterization that would be difficult to achieve in solution. Furthermore, we show that additional chemical species can be used to fine-tune the growth rate of the gold nanoparticles.

H Wei; Z Wang; J Zhang; S House; Y Gao; L Yang; H Robinson; L Tan; H Xing; C Hou

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

150

Time-dependent, protein-directed growth of gold nanoparticles within a single crystal of lysozyme  

SciTech Connect

Gold nanoparticles are useful in biomedical applications due to their distinct optical properties and high chemical stability. Reports of the biogenic formation of gold colloids from gold complexes has also led to an increased level of interest in the biomineralization of gold. However, the mechanism responsible for biomolecule-directed gold nanoparticle formation remains unclear due to the lack of structural information about biological systems and the fast kinetics of biomimetic chemical systems in solution. Here we show that intact single crystals of lysozyme can be used to study the time-dependent, protein-directed growth of gold nanoparticles. The protein crystals slow down the growth of the gold nanoparticles, allowing detailed kinetic studies to be carried out, and permit a three-dimensional structural characterization that would be difficult to achieve in solution. Furthermore, we show that additional chemical species can be used to fine-tune the growth rate of the gold nanoparticles.

Wei, H.; Robinson, H.; Wang, Z.; Zhang, J.; House, S.; Gao, Y.-G.; Yang, L.; Tan, L. H.; Xing, H.; Hou, C.; Robertson, I. M.; Zuo, J.-M.; Lu, Y.

2011-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

151

Pine Tree Growth Locations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Growth Locations Pine Tree Growth Locations Name: Amielee Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do pine trees not grow south of the equator? Replies: Dear Amielee, The natural distribution of the pines is the northern hemisphere: http://phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/eukaryotes/green_plants/embryophytes/conif ers/pinaceae/pinus/pinus.html However, pines have become introduced into the southern hemisphere through cultivation: http://www.woodweb.com/~treetalk/Radiata_Pine/wowhome.html Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach, Ph.D. Hi Amielee Some pine trees do live south of the equator but we (I live in Australia) do not have the huge forests of native conifers that you have in the northern hemisphere. Even in the northern hemisphere conifers are only found in two forest types: 1. Tiaga

152

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 4,100 4,400 4,700 5,000 5,300 5,600 5,900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: 2.5% Aug '12 to Aug '13: -1.3% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.5% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: -0.8%

153

China's sustainable energy future: Scenarios of energy and carbon emissions (Summary)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainability Green Growth Energy Demand Elasticity of GDPSustainability Green Growth Energy Demand GDP CarbonFigure 15. In Green Growth, building energy use more than

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjusted Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -7.4% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -0.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.1% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -16.8% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -3.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -3.2% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -9.3% Jan '99 to Jan '00: +3.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

155

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +1.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -1.9% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -0.1% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -1.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: +22.3% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +21.1%

156

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.4% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.1% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.6% YTD '98 to YTD '99: 0.0% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: +7.3% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +8.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +8.3%

157

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

June '99 to July '99: -5.4% June '99 to July '99: -5.4% July '98 to July '99: +3.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.3% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: -0.5% July '98 to July '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +0.5% July '98 to July '99: +1.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.3% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +1.5% July '98 to July '99: +10.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +7.2%

158

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +8.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.0% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +6.0% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +4.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +2.4% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +3.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +32.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +2.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.5%

159

The Growth of Fishes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Growth of Fishes Growth of Fishes Nature Bulletin No. 272-A June 3, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F, Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE GROWTH OF FISHES Baby fish, by the millions, are hatching now every day in our lakes, streams and ponds. Some kinds come from eggs sown broadcast among water plants; others from eggs laid in clusters or nests; some from masses of eggs hidden in underwater holes; while the eggs of many little fish, such as minnows and darters, are attached in neat patches to the underside of rocks or sunken logs. For some time before hatching, the young fish can be seen wriggling inside the eggs. Newly hatched baby fish -- or fry, as they should be called -- look much alike, regardless of the size or appearance of their parents. Each is almost transparent except for the large dark eyes and a bulging stomach which encloses yolk from the egg. Under a magnifying glass, the pumping red heart can be seen and the mouth gulping water. The tiny fins are beginning to form, a few dots of dark pigment may show in the skin, but there is little or no sign of scales. They vary from an eighth to a half inch or more in length, depending upon the species and the size of the egg.

160

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +5.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.5% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: -0.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +1.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +2.5% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +6.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +9.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +2.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.2%

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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161

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: +2.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.4% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -0.2% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.9% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -1.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.4% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -2.1% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -6.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.6%

162

Coronal Heating and Acceleration of the High/Low-Speed Solar Wind by Fast/Slow MHD Shock Trains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate coronal heating and acceleration of the high- and low-speed solar wind in the open field region by dissipation of fast and slow magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) waves through MHD shocks. Linearly polarized \\Alfven (fast MHD) waves and acoustic (slow MHD) waves travelling upwardly along with a magnetic field line eventually form fast switch-on shock trains and hydrodynamical shock trains (N-waves) respectively to heat and accelerate the plasma. We determine one dimensional structure of the corona from the bottom of the transition region (TR) to 1AU under the steady-state condition by solving evolutionary equations for the shock amplitudes simultaneously with the momentum and proton/electron energy equations. Our model reproduces the overall trend of the high-speed wind from the polar holes and the low-speed wind from the mid- to low-latitude streamer except the observed hot corona in the streamer. The heating from the slow waves is effective in the low corona to increase the density there, and plays an important role in the formation of the dense low-speed wind. On the other hand, the fast waves can carry a sizable energy to the upper level to heat the outer corona and accelerate the high-speed wind effectively. We also study dependency on field strength, $B_0$, at the bottom of the TR and non-radial expansion of a flow tube, $f_{\\rm max}$, to find that large $B_0/f_{\\rm max}\\gtrsim 2$ but small $B_0\\simeq 2$G are favorable for the high-speed wind and that small $B_0/f_{\\rm max}\\simeq 1$ is required for the low-speed wind.

Takeru K. Suzuki

2003-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

163

A Search for non-Newtonian force in a precision measurement of the scattering of slow neutrons in Xenon gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental search for non-newtonian, gravity-like force in a precision measurement of the scattering of slow neutrons in Xenon gas is proposed. A preliminary experiment with small statistics of 25 hours irradiation time was performed and the observed scattering distribution is consistent with the expectation with no additional forces. A 95% CL limit on the coupling strength for a hypothetical force of 1 nm interaction range was evaluated to be 2*10^-15. The expected sensitivity for a planned high statistics runs is discussed.

Yoshio Kamiya; Misato Tani; Sachio Komamiya; Guinyun Kim; Kyungsuk Kim

2013-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

164

The Stability of Dilute Plasmas with Thermal and Composition Gradients. I. The Slow Conduction Limit: Overstable Gravity Modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the stability of a dilute plasma with thermal and composition gradients in the limit where conduction is slow compared to the dynamical timescale. We find necessary and sufficient conditions for stability when the background magnetic field is either parallel or perpendicular to the thermal and composition gradients that are parallel to the gravitational field. We provide approximate solutions for all the relevant modes involved, which are driven by gravity, conduction, and diffusion. We discuss the astrophysical implications of our findings for a representative galaxy cluster where helium has sedimented.

Pessah, Martin E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Demographic heterogeneity, cohort selection, and population growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

individuals. The growth rate increases monotonically withis quite different: growth rate increases with reproductivepopulation growth rate increases more slowly than linearly

Kendall, Bruce E.; Fox, Gordon A; Fujiwara, Masami; Nogeire, Theresa M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Growth regulation by macrophages  

SciTech Connect

The evidence reviewed here indicates that macrophages, either acting alone or in concert with other cells, influence the proliferation of multiple types of cells. Most of the data indicate that these effects are mediated by soluble macrophage-elaborated products (probably proteins) although the role of direct cell-to-cell contacts cannot be ruled out in all cases. A degree of success has been achieved on the biochemical characterization of these factors, due mainly to their low specific activity in conditioned medium and the lack of rapid, specific assays. Understanding the growth-regulating potential of macrophages is an important and needed area of research.

Wharton, W.; Walker, E.; Stewart, C.C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

apr01  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook -- April 2001) (Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook -- April 2001) 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2001 Overview Signs of continued slowing in the U.S. economy have resulted once again in a reduction in our base case assumptions concerning real GDP growth in 2001 and 2002. We now expect the economy to expand at a rate of 1.9 percent this year and by 3.4 percent in 2002. These lower estimates imply a cumulative reduction in the level of GDP in 2002 of 1.1 percent compared to our previous forecast. The weaker growth outlook combined with an upward revision in industrialized country oil inventories at the end of 2000 would have resulted in some weakening of the world oil price outlook but these factors have been offset by OPEC's announcement of a second round of output cuts since January. In the near term, the

168

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Name: Jack Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Do plants have any other way of growing besides photosythesis? Plants do not use photosynthesis to grow!!! They use cellular respiration just like every other organism to process energy into work. Plants use oxygen just like we do. Photosynthesis is principally only a process to change sunlight into a chemical form for storage. Replies: Check out our archives for more information. www.newton.dep.anl.gov/archive.htm Steve Sample Jack, Several kinds of flowering plants survive without the use of chlorophyll which is what makes plants green and able to produce sugar through photosynthesis. Dodder is a parasitic nongreen (without chlorophyll) plant that is commonly found growing on jewelweed and other plants in damp areas. Dodder twines around its host, (A host is an organism that has fallen victim to a parasite.), like a morning glory and attaches itself at certain points along the stem where it absorbs sugar and nutrients from the hosts sap.

169

Analysis of Crack Growth Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Methods for calculating crack growth rates...the derivative at the midpoint of a data set. These methods use

170

Diagnosing oscillatory growth or decay  

SciTech Connect

An analytical study is presented for an oscillatory system in terms of four constants, namely amplitude, phase, growth or decay rate, and frequency. (MOW)

Buneman, O.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Electron emission and defect formation in the interaction of slow,highly charged ions with diamond surfaces  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We report on electron emission and defect formation in theinteraction between slow (v~;0.3 vBohr) highly charged ions (SHCI) withinsulating (type IIa) and semiconducting (type IIb) diamonds. Electronemission induced by 31Pq+ (q=5 to 13), and 136Xeq+ (q=34 to 44) withkinetic energies of 9 kVxq increase linearly with the ion charge states,reaching over 100 electrons per ion for high xenon charge states withoutsurface passivation of the diamond with hydrogen. Yields from bothdiamond types are up to a factor of two higher then from reference metalsurfaces. Crater like defects with diameters of 25 to 40 nm are formed bythe impact of single Xe44+ ions. High secondary electron yields andsingle ion induced defects enable the formation of single dopant arrayson diamond surfaces.

Sideras-Haddad, E.; Shrivastava, S.; Rebuli, D.B.; Persaud, A.; Schneider, D.H.; Schenkel, T.

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

172

Anomalously Slow Cross Symmetry Phase Relaxation, Thermalized Non-Equilibrated Matter and Quantum Computing Beyond the Quantum Chaos Border  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermalization in highly excited quantum many-body system does not necessarily mean a complete memory loss of the way the system was formed. This effect may pave a way for a quantum computing, with a large number of qubits $n\\simeq 100$--1000, far beyond the quantum chaos border. One of the manifestations of such a thermalized non-equilibrated matter is revealed by a strong asymmetry around 90$^\\circ $ c.m. of evaporating proton yield in the Bi($\\gamma$,p) photonuclear reaction. The effect is described in terms of anomalously slow cross symmetry phase relaxation in highly excited quantum many-body systems with exponentially large Hilbert space dimensions. In the above reaction this phase relaxation is about eight orders of magnitude slower than energy relaxation (thermalization).

M. Bienert; J. Flores; S. Yu. Kun; T. H. Seligman

2006-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

173

Quartz crystal growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for growing single crystals from an amorphous substance that can undergo phase transformation to the crystalline state in an appropriate solvent. The process is carried out in an autoclave having a lower dissolution zone and an upper crystallization zone between which a temperature differential (.DELTA.T) is maintained at all times. The apparatus loaded with the substance, solvent, and seed crystals is heated slowly maintaining a very low .DELTA.T between the warmer lower zone and cooler upper zone until the amorphous substance is transformed to the crystalline state in the lower zone. The heating rate is then increased to maintain a large .DELTA.T sufficient to increase material transport between the zones and rapid crystallization. .alpha.-Quartz single crystal can thus be made from fused quartz in caustic solvent by heating to 350.degree. C. stepwise with a .DELTA.T of 0.25.degree.-3.degree. C., increasing the .DELTA.T to about 50.degree. C. after the fused quartz has crystallized, and maintaining these conditions until crystal growth in the upper zone is completed.

Baughman, Richard J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Annual World Oil Demand Growth  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Following relatively small increases of 1.3 million barrels per day in 1999 and 0.9 million barrels per day in 2000, EIA is estimating world demand may grow by 1.6 million barrels per day in 2001. Of this increase, about 3/5 comes from non-OECD countries, while U.S. oil demand growth represents more than half of the growth projected in OECD countries. Demand in Asia grew steadily during most of the 1990s, with 1991-1997 average growth per year at just above 0.8 million barrels per day. However, in 1998, demand dropped by 0.3 million barrels per day as a result of the Asian economic crisis that year. Since 1998, annual growth in oil demand has rebounded, but has not yet reached the average growth seen during 1991-1997. In the Former Soviet Union, oil demand plummeted during most of the

175

Growth of silicon sheets for photovoltaic applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The status of silicon sheet development for photovoltaic applications is critically reviewed. Silicon sheet growth processes are classified according to their linear growth rates. The fast growth processes, which include edge-defined film-fed growth, silicon on ceramic, dendritic-web growth, and ribbon-to-ribbon growth, are comparatively ranked subject to criteria involving growth stability, sheet productivity, impurity effects, crystallinity, and solar cell results. The status of more rapid silicon ribbon growth techniques, such as horizontal ribbon growth and melt quenching, is also reviewed. The emphasis of the discussions is on examining the viability of these sheet materials as solar cell substrates for low-cost silicon photovoltaic systems.

Surek, T.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Simple laws of urban growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By analysing the evolution of the street network of Greater London from the late 1700s to the present, we are able to shed light on the inner mechanisms that lie behind the growth of a city. First we define an object called a city as a spatial discontinuous phenomena, from clustering the density of street intersections. Second, we find that the city growth mechanisms can be described by two logistic laws, hence can be determined by a simple model of urban network growth in the presence of competition for limited space.

Masucci, Paolo; Batty, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Slow spin summary  

magnetic resonance spectroscopy offers a new tool for obtaining such information in live ... phenomenon known generally as “line broadening ... Work ...

178

Fluid and drift-kinetic description of a magnetized plasma with low collisionality and slow dynamics orderings. II. Ion theory  

SciTech Connect

The ion side of a closed, fluid and drift-kinetic theoretical model to describe slow and macroscopic plasma processes in a fusion-relevant, low collisionality regime is presented. It follows the ordering assumptions and the methodology adopted in the companion electron theory [Ramos, Phys. Plasmas 17, 082502 (2010)]. To reach the frequency scale where collisions begin to play a role, the drift-kinetic equation for the ion distribution function perturbation away from a Maxwellian must be accurate to the second order in the Larmor radius. The macroscopic density, flow velocity and temperature are accounted for in the Maxwellian, and are evolved by a fluid system which includes consistently the gyroviscous part of the stress tensor and second-order contributions to the collisionless perpendicular heat flux involving non-Maxwellian fluid moments. The precise compatibility among these coupled high-order fluid and drift-kinetic equations is made manifest by showing that the evolution of the non-Maxwellian part of the distribution function is such that its first three velocity moments remain equal to zero.

Ramos, J. J. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4307 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

Numerical Modeling of Coupled Variably-Saturated Fluid Flow and Reactive Transport with Fast and Slow Chemical Reactions  

SciTech Connect

The couplings among chemical reaction rates, advective and diffusive transport in fractured media or soils, and changes in hydraulic properties due to precipitation and dissolution within fractures and in rock matrix are important for both nuclear waste disposal and remediation of contaminated sites. This paper describes the development and application of LEHGC2.0, a mechanistically-based numerical model for simulation of coupled fluid flow and reactive chemical transport including both fast and slow reactions invariably saturated media. Theoretical bases and numerical implementations are summarized, and two example problems are demonstrated. The first example deals with the effect of precipitation-dissolution on fluid flow and matrix diffusion in a two-dimensional fractured media. Because of the precipitation and decreased diffusion of solute from the fracture into the matrix, retardation in the fractured medium is not as large as the case wherein interactions between chemical reactions and transport are not considered. The second example focuses on a complicated but realistic advective-dispersive-reactive transport problem. This example exemplifies the need for innovative numerical algorithms to solve problems involving stiff geochemical reactions.

LI, MING-HSU; SIEGEL, MALCOLM D.; YEH, GOUR-TSYH (GEORGE)

1999-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

180

D-Factor: A Quantitative Model of Application Slow-Down in Multi-Resource Shared Systems  

SciTech Connect

Scheduling multiple jobs onto a platform enhances system utilization by sharing resources. The benefits from higher resource utilization include reduced cost to construct, operate, and maintain a system, which often include energy consumption. Maximizing these benefits comes at a price - resource contention among jobs increases job completion time. In this paper, we analyze slow-downs of jobs due to contention for multiple resources in a system; referred to as dilation factor. We observe that multiple-resource contention creates non-linear dilation factors of jobs. From this observation, we establish a general quantitative model for dilation factors of jobs in multi-resource systems. A job is characterized by a vector-valued loading statistics and dilation factors of a job set are given by a quadratic function of their loading vectors. We demonstrate how to systematically characterize a job, maintain the data structure to calculate the dilation factor (loading matrix), and calculate the dilation factor of each job. We validate the accuracy of the model with multiple processes running on a native Linux server, virtualized servers, and with multiple MapReduce workloads co-scheduled in a cluster. Evaluation with measured data shows that the D-factor model has an error margin of less than 16%. We also show that the model can be integrated with an existing on-line scheduler to minimize the makespan of workloads.

Lim, Seung-Hwan [ORNL; Huh, Jae-Seok [ORNL; Kim, Youngjae [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Das, Chita [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

J.Phys. B: Atom. Molec. Phys., Vol. 10,No. 14, 1977. Printed in Great Britain. @ 1977 Yield spectra and the continuous-slowing-down  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

history of the electron. There is a source term at the incident energy which allows for the #12;Yield. The continuous-slowing-down approximation (CSDA)and the modified discrete- energy-bin (MDEB)method are used to calculate a yield spectra U(E,Eo) in (eV s)- ' of electrons with energy E resulting from a primary of energy

Jackman, Charles H.

182

Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Name Green Growth Strategy Support AgencyCompany Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Brazilian Finance Ministry, EMBRAPA, FGV, Danish...

183

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL- 58260 Cosmic Growth History andExpansion History Eric V. Linder Physics Division, LawrenceCalifornia. Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History Eric

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the expansion history dark energy equation of state,and growth history constraints on the dark energy equationand growth history constraints on the dark energy equation

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Growth saturation of unstable thin films on transverse-striped hydrophilic-hydrophobic micropatterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using three-dimensional numerical simulations, we demonstrate the growth saturation of an unstable thin liquid film on micropatterned hydrophilic-hydrophobic substrates. We consider different transverse-striped micropatterns, characterized by the total fraction of hydrophilic coverage and the width of the hydrophilic stripes. We compare the growth of the film on the micropatterns to the steady states observed on homogeneous substrates, which correspond to a saturated sawtooth and growing finger configurations for hydrophilic and hydrophobic substrates, respectively. The proposed micropatterns trigger an alternating fingering-spreading dynamics of the film, which leads to a complete suppression of the contact line growth above a critical fraction of hydrophilic stripes. Furthermore, we find that increasing the width of the hydrophilic stripes slows down the advancing front, giving smaller critical fractions the wider the hydrophilic stripes are. Using analytical approximations, we quantitatively predict the growth rate of the contact line as a function of the covering fraction, and predict the threshold fraction for saturation as a function of the stripe width.

Rodrigo Ledesma-Aguilar; Aurora Hernandez-Machado; Ignacio Pagonabarraga

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

186

Rural Public Pension and Endogenous Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Employing an endogenous growth model, this paper investigates China’s rural public pension system. We examine the effects of the policy variables on the labor income growth, population growth, etc. The positive effect of the basic benefit rate ... Keywords: rural area, public pension, endogenous growth

Zaigui Yang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

CRACK GROWTH ANALYSIS OF SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL ELECTROLYTES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Defects and Flaws control the structural and functional property of ceramics. In determining the reliability and lifetime of ceramics structures it is very important to quantify the crack growth behavior of the ceramics. In addition, because of the high variability of the strength and the relatively low toughness of ceramics, a statistical design approach is necessary. The statistical nature of the strength of ceramics is currently well recognized, and is usually accounted for by utilizing Weibull or similar statistical distributions. Design tools such as CARES using a combination of strength measurements, stress analysis, and statistics are available and reasonably well developed. These design codes also incorporate material data such as elastic constants as well as flaw distributions and time-dependent properties. The fast fracture reliability for ceramics is often different from their time-dependent reliability. Further confounding the design complexity, the time-dependent reliability varies with the environment/temperature/stress combination. Therefore, it becomes important to be able to accurately determine the behavior of ceramics under simulated application conditions to provide a better prediction of the lifetime and reliability for a given component. In the present study, Yttria stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) of 9.6 mol% Yttria composition was procured in the form of tubes of length 100 mm. The composition is of interest as tubular electrolytes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Rings cut from the tubes were characterized for microstructure, phase stability, mechanical strength (Weibull modulus) and fracture mechanisms. The strength at operating condition of SOFCs (1000 C) decreased to 95 MPa as compared to room temperature strength of 230 MPa. However, the Weibull modulus remains relatively unchanged. Slow crack growth (SCG) parameter, n = 17 evaluated at room temperature in air was representative of well studied brittle materials. Based on the results, further work was planned to evaluate the strength degradation, modulus and failure in more representative environment of the SOFCs.

S. Bandopadhyay; N. Nagabhushana

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Digital electronic bone growth stimulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is described for stimulating bone tissue by applying a low level alternating current signal directly to the patient`s skin. A crystal oscillator, a binary divider chain and digital logic gates are used to generate the desired waveforms that reproduce the natural electrical characteristics found in bone tissue needed for stimulating bone growth and treating osteoporosis. The device, powered by a battery, contains a switch allowing selection of the correct waveform for bone growth stimulation or osteoporosis treatment so that, when attached to the skin of the patient using standard skin contact electrodes, the correct signal is communicated to the underlying bone structures. 5 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.

1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

189

Digital electronic bone growth stimulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for stimulating bone tissue by applying a low level alternating current signal directly to the patient's skin. A crystal oscillator, a binary divider chain and digital logic gates are used to generate the desired waveforms that reproduce the natural electrical characteristics found in bone tissue needed for stimulating bone growth and treating osteoporosis. The device, powered by a battery, contains a switch allowing selection of the correct waveform for bone growth stimulation or osteoporosis treatment so that, when attached to the skin of the patient using standard skin contact electrodes, the correct signal is communicated to the underlying bone structures.

Kronberg, James W. (Aiken, SC)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Nonlinear structural crack growth monitoring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for the detection, through nonlinear manipulation of data, of an indicator of imminent failure due to crack growth in structural elements. The method is a process of determining energy consumption due to crack growth and correlating the energy consumption with physical phenomena indicative of a failure event. The apparatus includes sensors for sensing physical data factors, processors or the like for computing a relationship between the physical data factors and phenomena indicative of the failure event, and apparatus for providing notification of the characteristics and extent of such phenomena.

Welch, Donald E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN); Holdaway, Ray F. (Clinton, TN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Linear Fluctuation Growth during Frontogenesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Near-surface, two-dimensional (2D) baroclinic frontogenesis induced by a barotropic deformation flow enhances the growth of three-dimensional (3D) fluctuations that occur on an ever smaller scale as the front progressively sharpens. The 3D ...

James C. McWilliams; M. J. Molemaker; E. I. Olafsdottir

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Ultrahigh sensitivity of rotation sensing beyond the trade-off between sensitivity and linewidth by the storage of light in a dynamic slow-light resonator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose to employ the storage of light in a dynamically tuned add-drop resonator to realize an optical gyroscope of ultrahigh sensitivity and compact size. Taking the impact of the linewidth of incident light on the sensitivity into account, we investigate the effect of rotation on the propagation of a partially coherent light field in this dynamically tuned slow-light structure. It is demonstrated that the fundamental trade-off between the rotation-detection sensitivity and the linewidth will be overcome and the sensitivity-linewidth product will be enhanced by two orders of magnitude in comparison to that of the corresponding static slow-light structure. Furthermore, the optical gyroscope employing the storage of light in the dynamically tuned add-drop resonator can acquire ultrahigh sensitivity by extremely short fiber length without a high-performance laser source of narrow linewidth and a complex laser frequency stabilization system. Thus the proposal in this paper provides a promising and feasible scheme to realize highly sensitive and compact integrated optical gyroscopes by slow-light structures.

Zhang Xuenan; Zhang Yundong; Tian He; Wu Hao; Li Geng; Zhu Ruidong; Yuan Ping [National Key Laboratory of Tunable Laser Technology, Institute of Opto-Electronics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150080 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

193

Ellipsometry of anodic film growth  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An automated computer interpretation of ellisometer measurements of anodic film growth was developed. Continuous mass and charge balances were used to utilize more fully the time dependence of the ellipsometer data and the current and potential measurements. A multiple-film model was used to characterize the growth of films which proceeds via a dissolution--precipitation mechanism; the model also applies to film growth by adsorption and nucleation mechanisms. The characteristic parameters for film growth describe homogeneous and heterogeneous crystallization rates, film porosities and degree of hydration, and the supersaturation of ionic species in the electrolyte. Additional descriptions which may be chosen are patchwise film formation, nonstoichiometry of the anodic film, and statistical variations in the size and orientation of secondary crystals. Theories were developed to describe the optical effects of these processes. An automatic, self-compensating ellipsometer was used to study the growth in alkaline solution of anodic films on silver, cadmium, and zinc. Mass-transport conditions included stagnant electrolyte and forced convection in a flow channel. Multiple films were needed to characterize the optical properties of these films. Anodic films grew from an electrolyte supersatuated in the solution-phase dissolution product. The degree of supersaturation depended on transport conditions and had a major effect on the structure of the film. Anodic reaction rates were limited by the transport of charge carriers through a primary surface layer. The primary layers on silver, zinc, and cadmium all appeared to be nonstoichiometric, containing excess metal. Diffusion coefficients, transference numbers, and the free energy of adsorption of zinc oxide were derived from ellipsometer measurements. 97 figures, 13 tables, 198 references.

Smith, C.G.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

An Empirical Growth Model for Major Oil Exporters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

119.7 124.7 1.9 23.3 5 Source: GDP data is from the IMF International Financial Statistics, oil export data is from OPEC Annual Statistical Bulletin, and oil reserve and production data is from the British Petroleum Statistical Review of World Energy... ) argue that it is the volatility of commodity prices rather than abundance per se, that drives the "resource curse" paradox. 3See, for example, Amuzegar (2008) and the British Petroleum Statistical Review of World Energy. 3 Figure 1: Oil Export Revenues...

Esfahani, Hadi Salehi; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Pesaran, M. Hashem

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

195

Leachability of heavy metals from growth media containing source-separated municipal solid waste compost  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The leaching of heavy metals in source-separated municipal solid waste (MSW) compost was determined by irrigation leaching of growth medium, admixed with varying amounts of compost, used for container grown plants. Perennial flowers (black-eyed Susan, Rudbeckia hirta L.) were grown in 2-L containers filled with the growth medium for a 10-wk period. Rainfall was supplemented with overhead irrigation to supply 2 cm of water per day. Leachates collected over each 2-wk period were analyzed for Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn using atomic spectrometry. Concentrations of the heavy metals in the leachates increased with increasing proportions of MSW compost in the growth medium, but decreased with time of leaching. Leaching of the metals occurred at relatively high concentrations initially, followed by continued leaching at low concentrations. The initial leaching of heavy metals is attributed to their soluble or exchangeable forms and the subsequent slow leaching to the solid compounds. The concentrations of the heavy metals remained below the current drinking water standards in all treatments throughout the leaching period. The results thus suggest that contamination of groundwater with heavy metals from source-separated MSW compost applied as a soil amendment should be negligible, as the low concentrations in the leachates leaving the surface soil would be further attenuated by the subsoil. 29 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Sawhney, B.L.; Bugbee, G.J.; Stilwell, D.E. [Connecticut Agricultural Experimental Station, New Haven, CT (United States)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Predicting growth fluctuation in network economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study presents a method to predict the growth fluctuation of firms interdependent in a network economy. The risk of downward growth fluctuation of firms is calculated from the statistics on Japanese industry.

Maeno, Yoshiharu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Design, discovery and growth of novel materials  

SciTech Connect

This editorial introduces the special issue on design, discovery, and growth of novel materials. The papers of this special issue review and reveal technical details of of how specific growths are developed and implemented.

Canfield, Paul

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

198

Theory, Growth, Characterization, and Device Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growth of semiconductor heterostructures, including multilayers, superlattices, quantum wells, quantum wires, and quantum dots by vapor phase transport, ...

199

Dendrite Growth Prevention Technology for Lithium Metal ...  

Search PNNL. PNNL Home; About; Research; Publications; Jobs; News; Contacts; Dendrite Growth Prevention Technology for Lithium Metal Batteries. ...

200

Essays on predictability of emerging markets growth and financial performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Growth in Emerging Markets: Information Financialof Growth in Emerging Markets: Information in Financialof Growth in Emerging Markets: Information in Financial

Banegas, Maria Ayelen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Planning Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Growth Planning Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gggi.org/project/ma Program Start 2011 Program End 2016 Country Cambodia, Ethiopia, Jordan, Peru, Thailand South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, Western Asia, South America, South-Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Cambodia Green Growth Planning[2] Overview "GGGI supports emerging and developing countries that seek to develop rigorous green growth economic development strategies. It does so by

202

Plenum type crystal growth chamber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Crystals are grown in a tank which is divided by a baffle into a crystal growth region above the baffle and a plenum region below the baffle. A turbine blade or stirring wheel is positioned in a turbine tube which extends through the baffle to generate a flow of solution from the crystal growing region to the plenum region. The solution is pressurized as it flows into the plenum region. The pressurized solution flows back to the crystal growing region through return flow tubes extending through the baffle. Growing crystals are positioned near the ends of the return flow tubes to receive a direct flow of solution.

Montgomery, K.E.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

203

Apparatus for monitoring crystal growth  

SciTech Connect

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring the growth of a crystalline body from a liquid meniscus in a furnace. The system provides an improved human/machine interface so as to reduce operator stress, strain and fatigue while improving the conditions for observation and control of the growing process. The system comprises suitable optics for forming an image of the meniscus and body wherein the image is anamorphic so that the entire meniscus can be viewed with good resolution in both the width and height dimensions. The system also comprises a video display for displaying the anamorphic image. The video display includes means for enhancing the contrast between any two contrasting points in the image. The video display also comprises a signal averager for averaging the intensity of at least one preselected portions of the image. The value of the average intensity, can in turn be utilized to control the growth of the body. The system and method are also capable of observing and monitoring multiple processes.

Sachs, Emanual M. (Watertown, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Method of monitoring crystal growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring the growth of a crystalline body from a liquid meniscus in a furnace. The system provides an improved human/machine interface so as to reduce operator stress, strain and fatigue while improving the conditions for observation and control of the growing process. The system comprises suitable optics for forming an image of the meniscus and body wherein the image is anamorphic so that the entire meniscus can be viewed with good resolution in both the width and height dimensions. The system also comprises a video display for displaying the anamorphic image. The video display includes means for enhancing the contrast between any two contrasting points in the image. The video display also comprises a signal averager for averaging the intensity of at least one preselected portions of the image. The value of the average intensity, can in turn be utilized to control the growth of the body. The system and method are also capable of observing and monitoring multiple processes.

Sachs, Emanual M. (Watertown, MA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

with Small Businesses and Entrepreneurs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to grow organic food year- round using renewable energy. ... have about 15 percent growth per year, offer ... GDP refers to private, non-farm gross ...

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

206

TAC Entity Linking by Performing Full-document Entity ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... few major global economies that will see respectable GDP growth this ... entities per topic: 12 ... a request by the International Atomic Energy Agency to ...

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

207

Annotated Bibliography of Technology's Impacts on Economic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of national accounts, most of GDP growth is ... systems' instructions per second per watt since ... Innovative Technologies are Saving Energy, Time, and ...

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

208

Diversity, Institutions and Economic Outcomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GDP growth and social diversity, the economics literature onmush- roomed. 1 Why is social diversity inversely related toand Hideo Owan. 2004. ”Diversity and Pro- ductivity in

Santacreu Vasut, Estefania

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

PM 2.5: The Contribution of Coal Burning to Air Pollution in Beijing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Due to the rapid economic growth and industrial development in China, the constantly soaring upGDP has made many people believe that the golden age… (more)

Huang, Xinxin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

The effects of strong temperature anisotropy on the kinetic structure of collisionless slow shocks and reconnection exhausts. Part I: PIC simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 2-D Riemann problem is designed to study the development and dynamics of the slow shocks that are thought to form at the boundaries of reconnection exhausts. Simulations are carried out for varying ratios of normal magnetic field to the transverse upstream magnetic field (i.e., propagation angle with respect to the upstream magnetic field). When the angle is sufficiently oblique, the simulations reveal a large firehose-sense (P_parallel>P_perpendicular) temperature anisotropy in the downstream region, accompanied by a transition from a coplanar slow shock to a non-coplanar rotational mode. In the downstream region the firehose stability parameter epsilon=1-mu_0(P_parallel-P_perpendicular)/ B^2 tends to lock in to 0.25. This balance arises from the competition between counterstreaming ions, which drives epsilon down, and the scattering due to ion inertial scale waves, which are driven unstable by the downstream rotational wave. At very oblique propagating angles, 2-D turbulence also develops in the downstrea...

Liu, Yi-Hsin; Swisdak, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Solar Wind Program Info State Michigan Program Type Grant Program Provider Michigan Farm Bureau A joint venture between Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) and the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC), the Strategic Growth Initiative Grant Program was designed to leverage business development and growth for the state's $91.4 billion food and agriculture industry. The grant program aims to remove barriers inhibiting growth in the state's food and agriculture industry, fostering economic opportunities for Michigan-based food processors, agribusiness and

212

OPPORTUNITY COST OF LAND AND URBAN GROWTH.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the impact of the opportunity cost of urban land on urban growth. Based on prices, costs and productivity data on agricultural commodities… (more)

Jiang, Bo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Essays on India’s Economic Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

initial euphoria about liberalisation, a revisionist viewand industrial policy liberalisation. Three, growth in thebuilt up under the pre-liberalisation policy regime), their

Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Creep Crack Growth Behaviour of Alloy 718  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

its creep crack growth is controlled by stress intensity factor regardless of load level .... energy. Since vacancies diffuse from a low strain energy position to a high ...

215

Relating muscle telomerase to fish growth.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???Fish growth is one of the important indicators for individual fitness as well as population health. Telomerase is a protein complex that is closely linked… (more)

Mok, Oi Lam Helen (???)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Aqueous Chemical Growth of Advanced Nanostructured ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 2002 ... A novel concept in materials chemistry have been developed as well as an aqueous low temperature thin film growth technique to create a new ...

217

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cosmic expansion history tests the dynamics of the global evolution of the universe and its energy density contents, while the cosmic growth history tests the evolution of the inhomogeneous part of the energy density. Precision comparison of the two histories can distinguish the nature of the physics responsible for the accelerating cosmic expansion: an additional smooth component - dark energy - or a modification of the gravitational field equations. With the aid of a new fitting formula for linear perturbation growth accurate to 0.05-0.2%, we separate out the growth dependence on the expansion history and introduce a new growth index parameter \\gamma that quantifies the gravitational modification.

Eric V. Linder

2005-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

218

Natural Growth Inhibitors (Allelopathy): Literature Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is part of a larger proposed investigation to develop natural growth inhibitors useful for utility rights-of-way vegetation management.

2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

219

Technology Development, Growth, and Deployment | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and prosperous U.S. economy. To accelerate high-growth entrepreneurship and job-creation by moving energy efficient and renewable energy technologies from university...

220

A Fundamental Mechanism in Anisotropic Nanocrystal Growth ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to understand the build block ( nanocrystal) growth mechanism. The oriented attachment (OA) mechanism originally ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

VP 100: Growth in solar means growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in solar means growth in Ohio Growth in solar means growth in Ohio VP 100: Growth in solar means growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 10:57am Addthis DuPont is betting on major growth in the market for solar energy -- and therefore for its Tedlar film, a durable backing for silicon solar panels. | Photo Courtesy of DuPont DuPont is betting on major growth in the market for solar energy -- and therefore for its Tedlar film, a durable backing for silicon solar panels. | Photo Courtesy of DuPont Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand for solar power soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW as of June -- and

222

Digital electronic bone growth stimulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to the electrical treatment of biological tissue. In particular, the present invention discloses a device that produces discrete electrical pulse trains for treating osteoporosis and accelerating bone growth. According to its major aspects and broadly stated, the present invention consists of an electrical circuit configuration capable of generating Bassett-type waveforms shown with alternative signals provide for the treatment of either fractured bones or osteoporosis. The signal generator comprises a quartz clock, an oscillator circuit, a binary divider chain, and a plurality of simple, digital logic gates. Signals are delivered efficiently, with little or no distortion, and uniformly distributed throughout the area of injury. Perferably, power is furnished by widely available and inexpensive radio batteries, needing replacement only once in several days. The present invention can be affixed to a medical cast without a great increase in either weight or bulk. Also, the disclosed stimulator can be used to treat osteoporosis or to strengthen a healing bone after the cast has been removed by attaching the device to the patient`s skin or clothing.

Kronberg, J.W.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Hail Growth in an Oklahoma Multicell Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hail growth in an Oklahoma multicellular storm is studied using a numerical model of hailstone growth and decay and dual-Doppler derived wind fields. Hail was collected at the time of the Doppler radar data collection which provided input for ...

Conrad L. Ziegler; Peter S. Ray; Nancy C. Knight

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Energy growth in the compliant channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy growth in the compliant channel Jérôme Hoepffner Julien Favier, Alessandro Bottaro #12 stiffness K Forcing by the pressure #12;Energy Flow energy+wall kinetic and potential energy: Energy: 2) Optimality: #12;"=0, stable #12;Optimization results Growth enveloppe Energy evolution

Hoepffner, Jérôme

225

Annual Growth Bands in Hymenaea courbaril  

SciTech Connect

One significant source of annual temperature and precipitation data arises from the regular annual secondary growth rings of trees. Several tropical tree species are observed to form regular growth bands that may or may not form annually. Such growth was observed in one stem disk of the tropical legume Hymenaea courbaril near the area of David, Panama. In comparison to annual reference {Delta}{sup 14}C values from wood and air, the {Delta}{sup 14}C values from the secondary growth rings formed by H. courbaril were determined to be annual in nature in this one stem disk specimen. During this study, H. courbaril was also observed to translocate recently produced photosynthate into older growth rings as sapwood is converted to heartwood. This process alters the overall {Delta}{sup 14}C values of these transitional growth rings as cellulose with a higher {Delta}{sup 14}C content is translocated into growth rings with a relatively lower {Delta}{sup 14}C content. Once the annual nature of these growth rings is established, further stable isotope analyses on H. courbaril material in other studies may help to complete gaps in the understanding of short and of long term global climate patterns.

Westbrook, J A; Guilderson, T P; Colinvaux, P A

2004-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

226

Removal of GDP Mandrels From Sputter-Coated Beryllium Capsules for NIF Targets (A25711)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proc. Of 17th Target Fabrication Specialists Meeting, San Diego, California, 2006; To Be Published In Fusion Science And Technology17th Target Fabrication Specialists Meeting San Diego California, US, 2006999613405

Youngblood, K.P.

2006-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

227

The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of biogas, stalks and firewood by rural residents by region, and fossil fuel energy consumption refers variable is: Biogas consumption per capita Stalks consumption per capita Firewood consumption per capita FE

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

228

Energy-GDP decoupling in a second best world -A case study on India Cline Guivarcha,*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis and Forecasting, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC. 274pp. EIA (2008) International Energy Outlook 2008. Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC. 220pp. EIA (2006) International Energy Outlook 2006. Office

229

Real values derived using the GDP Chain-type Price Index, 2005 = 100.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 8. Estimated average rail transportation rates for coal originating in the Uinta Basin Transportation cost per short ton (nominal) Transportation

230

Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Support Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Growth Strategy Support Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Brazilian Finance Ministry, EMBRAPA, FGV, Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.gggi.org/ Program Start 2010 Country Brazil, Indonesia, South Korea South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 Indonesia 4 References Overview The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) was founded on the belief that economic growth and environmental sustainability are not merely compatible objectives; their integration is essential for the future of humankind. GGGI is dedicated to pioneering and diffusing a new model of economic

231

Career Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Career Growth Home > Federal Employment > Working at NNSA > Career Growth Career Growth Learning doesn't stop with a college or post-graduate degree. It is a key part of individual career development and is central to NNSA's efforts to

232

Growth and Characterization of Complex Mineral Surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Precipitation of mineral aggregates near the Earth's surface or in subsurface fractures and cavities often produces complex microstructures and surface morphologies. Here we demonstrate how a simple surface normal growth (SNG) process may produce microstructures and surface morphologies very similar to those observed in some natural carbonate systems. A simple SNG model was used to fit observed surfaces, thus providing information about the growth history and also about the frequency and spatial distribution of nucleation events during growth. The SNG model can be extended to systems in which the symmetry of precipitation is broken, for example by fluid flow. We show how a simple modification of the SNG model in which the local growth rate depends on the distance from a fluid source and the local slope or fluid flow rate, produces growth structures with many similarities to natural travertine deposits.

P. Meakin; E. Jettestuen; B. Jamtveit; Y. Y. Podladchikov; S. deVilliers; H. E. F. Amundsen

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth by W. G. Breiland, L. A. Bruskas, A. A. Allerman, and T. W. Hargett Motivation-Temperature is a critical factor in the growth of thin films by either chemical vapor deposition (CVD) or molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). It is particularly important in compound semiconductor growth because one is often challenged to grow materials with specific chemical compositions in order to maintain stringent lattice-matching conditions or to achieve specified bandgap values. Optical pyrometry can be used to measure surface temperatures, but the thin film growth causes significant changes in the emissivity of the surface, leading to severe errors in the pyrometer measurement. To avoid these errors, emissivity changes must be measured and

234

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - How Slow is Slow? EXO...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to happen and as few places to hide as possible. A detector chamber filled with 200 kilograms of liquid xenon takes care of the first strategic objective - the xenon has been...

235

Reallocating innovative resources around growth bottlenecks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economy-wide increasing returns to scale embodied in a general purpose technology (GPT) and its applications are often a key source of long-run growth. Yet the successful exploitation of increasing returns calls for ...

Bresnahan, Timothy

236

Mesoporous titania nanocrystals by hydrothermal template growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals have been synthetized by a classical sol-gel route integrated by an hydrothermal growth step using monomeric (dodecylpyridinium chloride, DPC) or dimeric gemini-like (GS3) surfactants as template directing agents. ...

Giuseppe Cappelletti; Silvia Ardizzone; Francesca Spadavecchia; Daniela Meroni; Iolanda Biraghi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

New Jersey Business Growth Fund (New Jersey)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Creditworthy small or mid-sized companies that are creating or retaining jobs in New Jersey can apply for financing through the New Jersey Business Growth Fund, a joint program of the EDA and PNC...

238

Optimal Growth of Antarctic Circumpolar Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Generalized stability theory is applied to a simple dynamical model of interannual ocean–atmosphere variability in the southern midlatitudes to determine the perturbations that create the most rapid growth of energy in the system. The model is ...

Christopher M. Aiken; Matthew H. England; Christopher J. C. Reason

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Material Growth and Characterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Advanced Materials for Power Electronics, Power Conditioning, and Power .... due to a historical lack of native substrates and challenges in selectively ... have been optimized to provide equal growth rates of both polarities.

240

Unlocking Growth Opportunities for Minority Businesses Through...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

salaries around 80,000 a year and 5.4 million of economic growth. At the Energy Innovation Portal, the Department's hub for technology transfer resources, minority owned firms...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The exponential growth of lattice paths. - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? ? R. +. ,? ? 0. Goal: Given model QS, find ?S. This is the exponential growth factor. We write qS >results based on singu- larity analysis of .... matics and Theoretical Computer Science, 2009.

242

SunShot Initiative: Fostering Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Growth The solar energy industry in the United States is growing rapidly as the price of solar panels has decreased over the past decade. U.S. solar installations doubled from...

243

Precipitation Growth Trajectories in a CCOPE Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth trajectories of precipitation particles that attain diameters from 0.5 to 2.0 cm are modeled within the wind field of a small, relatively steady-state, southeastern Montana thunderstorm. The trajectories are calculated backwards, from ...

Charles A. Knight; Kevin R. Knupp

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

SunShot Initiative: Fostering Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fostering Growth The solar energy industry in the United States is growing rapidly as the price of solar panels has decreased over the past decade. U.S. solar installations doubled...

245

Essays in the theory of economic growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a collection of three theoretical essays on institutions and economic growth. Chapter 1 considers a particular institution: ethnicity. Ethnic, religious and tribal divisions are empirically associated with ...

Lester, Ashley

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Optimal Growth Rates in the Quasigeostrophic Initial Value Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large class of wave structures in quasigeostrophic flow have instantaneous growth rates significantly larger than normal-mode growth rates. Since energy and potential enstrophy growth rates can be defined as functions of the perturbation ...

Enda O'Brien

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

FT Duplication Coordinates Reproductive and Vegetative Growth  

SciTech Connect

Annual plants grow vegetatively at early developmental stages and then transition to the reproductive stage, followed by senescence in the same year. In contrast, after successive years of vegetative growth at early ages, woody perennial shoot meristems begin repeated transitions between vegetative and reproductive growth at sexual maturity. However, it is unknown how these repeated transitions occur without a developmental conflict between vegetative and reproductive growth. We report that functionally diverged paralogs FLOWERING LOCUS T1 (FT1) and FLOWERING LOCUS T2 (FT2), products of whole-genome duplication and homologs of Arabidopsis thaliana gene FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), coordinate the repeated cycles of vegetative and reproductive growth in woody perennial poplar (Populus spp.). Our manipulative physiological and genetic experiments coupled with field studies, expression profiling, and network analysis reveal that reproductive onset is determined by FT1 in response to winter temperatures, whereas vegetative growth and inhibition of bud set are promoted by FT2 in response to warm temperatures and long days in the growing season. The basis for functional differentiation between FT1 and FT2 appears to be expression pattern shifts, changes in proteins, and divergence in gene regulatory networks. Thus, temporal separation of reproductive onset and vegetative growth into different seasons via FT1 and FT2 provides seasonality and demonstrates the evolution of a complex perennial adaptive trait after genome duplication.

Hsu, Chuan-Yu [Mississippi State University (MSU); Adams, Joshua P. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Kim, Hyejin [Mississippi State University (MSU); No, Kyoungok [Mississippi State University (MSU); Ma, Caiping [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Strauss, Steven [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Drnevich, Jenny [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Wickett, Norman [Pennsylvania State University; Vandervelde, Lindsay [Mississippi State University (MSU); Ellis, Jeffrey D. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Rice, Brandon [Mississippi State University (MSU); Gunter, Lee E [ORNL; Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL; Brunner, Amy M. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Page, Grier P. [RTI International; Carlson, John E. [Pennsylvania State University; DePamphilis, Claude [Pennsylvania State University; Luthe, Dawn S. [Pennsylvania State University; Yuceer, Cetin [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Slow Technology – Designing for Reflection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As computers are increasingly woven into the fabric of everyday life, interaction design may have to change – from creating only fast and efficient tools to be used during a limited time in specific situations, to creating technology that surrounds ...

Lars Hallnäs; Johan Redström

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Coherent propagation of a single photon in a lossless medium: $0?$ pulse formation, slow photon, storage and retrieval in multiple temporal modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single-photon coherent optics represents a fundamental importance for the investigation of quantum light-matter interactions. While most work has considered the interaction in the steady-state regime, here we demonstrate that a single-photon pulse shorter than any relaxation time in a medium propagates without energy loss and is consistently transformed into a zero-area pulse. A general analytical solution is found for photon passage through a cold ensemble of $\\Lambda$-type atoms confined inside a hollow core of a single-mode photonic-crystal fiber. We use the robust far off-resonant Raman scheme to control the pulse reshaping by an intense control laser beam and show that in the case of cw control field, for exact two-photon resonance, the outgoing photon displays an oscillating temporal distribution, which is the quantum counterpart of a classical field ringing, while for nonzero two-photon detuning a slow photon is produced. We demonstrate also that a train of readout control pulses coherently recalls the stored photon in many well-separated temporal modes, thus producing time-bin entangled single-photon states. Such states, which allow sharing quantum information among many users, are highly demanded for applications in long-distance quantum communication.

Shushan Petrosyan; Yuri Malakyan

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

250

Assessing the Significance of Above- and Belowground Carbon Allocation of Fast- and Slow-Growing Families of Loblolly Pine - Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During this project we experimentally evaluated the below-ground biomass and carbon allocation and partitioning of four different fast- and slow-growing families of loblolly pine located in Scotland County, NC, in an effort to increase the long-term performance of the crop. The trees were subjected to optimal nutrition and control since planting in 1993. Destructive harvests in 1998 and 2000 were used for whole?plant biomass estimates and to identify possible family differences in carbon acquisition (photosynthesis) and water use efficiency. At regular intervals throughout each year we sampled tissues for carbohydrate analyses to assess differences in whole-tree carbon storage. Mini rhizotron observation tubes were installed to monitor root system production and turnover. Stable isotope analysis was used to examine possible functional differences in water and nutrient acquisition of root systems between the various families. A genetic dissection of root ontogenic and architectural traits, including biomass partitioning, was conducted using molecular markers to better understand the functional implications of these traits on resource acquisition and whole-plant carbon allocation.

Topa, M. A.; Weinstein, D. A.; Retzlaff, W. A.

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Utility-scale installations lead solar photovoltaic growth - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... led by particularly strong growth in both utility-scale PV and commercial sector PV capacity. Although 2011 was a record year for solar PV growth, ...

252

NREL: Technology Transfer - 21st Industry Growth Forum ...  

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technology Transfer 21 st Industry Growth Forum Presentations. Here you'll find presentations from NREL's 21 st Industry Growth ...

253

Growth History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Growth History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations In Submarine-Collected Basalts Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Growth...

254

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

255

Revealing the rapid isothermal growth of graphene on catalytic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Synthesis from Atoms to Systems Revealing the rapid isothermal growth of graphene on catalytic substrates July 01, 2013 Optical reflectivity tracks the rapid growth of...

256

The Effect of Microstructure on the Fatigue Crack Growth Resistance ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GROWTH RESISTANCE OF NICKEL BASE SUF'RRALLOYS. Randy Bowman ... damage are most resistant to crack growth. ... crack propagation. (FCP) was ...

257

NREL: Technology Transfer - 21st Industry Growth Forum Photos  

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technology Transfer 21 st Industry Growth Forum Photos. From NREL's 21st Industry Growth Forum on Oct. 28-30, 2008, in Denver ...

258

Characterization of Elevated Temperature Fatigue Crack Growth Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

temperature fatigue and the crack growth rates may be adequately correlated with the ... During creep crack growth the use of rate dependent elastic/plastic frac-.

259

Apparatus for silicon web growth of higher output and improved growth stability  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This disclosure describes an apparatus to improve the web growth attainable from prior web growth configurations. This apparatus modifies the heat loss at the growth interface in a manner that minimizes thickness variations across the web, especially regions of the web adjacent to the two bounding dendrites. In the unmodified configuration, thinned regions of web, adjacent to the dendrites, were found to be the origin of crystal degradation which ultimately led to termination of the web growth. According to the present invention, thinning adjacent to the dendrites is reduced and the incidence of crystal degradation is similarly reduced.

Duncan, Charles S. (Penn Hills, PA); Piotrowski, Paul A. (Monroeville, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Apparatus for silicon web growth of higher output and improved growth stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This disclosure describes an apparatus to improve the web growth attainable from prior web growth configurations. This apparatus modifies the heat loss at the growth interface in a manner that minimizes thickness variations across the web, especially regions of the web adjacent to the two bounding dendrites. In the unmodified configuration, thinned regions of web, adjacent to the dendrites, were found to be the origin of crystal degradation which ultimately led to termination of the web growth. According to the present invention, thinning adjacent to the dendrites is reduced and the incidence of crystal degradation is similarly reduced. 13 figs.

Duncan, C.S.; Piotrowski, P.A.

1989-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector August 23, 2012 - 12:20pm Addthis New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

262

Aerosol Condensational Growth in Cloud Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A code for the quasi-stationary solution of the coupled heat and mass transport equations for aerosols in a finite volume was developed. Both mass and heat are conserved effectively in the volume, which results in a competitive aerosol condensation growth computational model. A further model that couples this competitive aerosol condensation growth computational model with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software (ANSYS FLUENT) enables the simulation of the realistic atmospheric environment. One or more air parcels, where the aerosols reside, are placed in a very big volume in order to mimic the large atmospheric environment. Mass (water vapor) and heat transportat between the air parcels and the environment facilitates the growth and prevents the parcels from unrealistically overheating. The suppression of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) growth by high number densities was quantified by our model study. Model study with organic particles (Lmalic acid and maleic acid) indicates that when these organic species and ammonium sulfate are internally mixed, the particles can grow much more than if they are separately associated with distinct particles. Moreover, by using more multiple air parcels, which are randomly assigned with different initial relative humidity values according to a power law distribution, we studied the effects of atmospheric stochastic RH distribution on the growth of CCN.

Geng, Jun

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Fe sub 3 Al-type iron aluminides: Aqueous corrosion properties in a range of electrolytes and slow-strain-rate ductilities during aqueous corrosion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Fe{sub 3}Al-type iron aluminides have undergone continued development at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory for enhancement of mechanical and corrosion properties. Improved alloys and thermomechanical processing methods have evolved. The overall purpose of the project herein described was to evaluate the aqueous corrosion properties of the most recent alloy compositions in a wide range of possibly-aggressive solutions and under several different types of corrosion-test conditions. The work supplements previous aqueous-corrosion studies on iron aluminides by the present authors. Four stages of this one-year aqueous-corrosion investigation are described. First the corrosion properties of selected iron aluminides were evaluated by means of electrochemical tests and longer-time immersion tests in a range of acidic, basic and chloride solutions. Theses tests were performed under non-crevice conditions, i.e. the specimens were not designed to contain crevice geometries. Second, the iron-aluminide alloy that proved most resistance to chloride-induced localized corrosion under non-crevice conditions was further evaluated under more-severe crevice conditions by electrochemical and immersion testing. Third, in order to study the relative roles of Fe, Al, Cr and Mo in the formation of passive films, the chemical compositions of passive films were determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). And fourth, in order to study aqueous-corrosion effects on the ductilities of iron aluminides as related to hydrogen embrittlement and/or stress-corrosion cracking, slow-strain-rate corrosion (SSRC) tests were conducted over a range of electrochemical potentials.

Buchanan, R.A.; Kim, J.G. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Fe{sub 3}Al-type iron aluminides: Aqueous corrosion properties in a range of electrolytes and slow-strain-rate ductilities during aqueous corrosion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Fe{sub 3}Al-type iron aluminides have undergone continued development at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory for enhancement of mechanical and corrosion properties. Improved alloys and thermomechanical processing methods have evolved. The overall purpose of the project herein described was to evaluate the aqueous corrosion properties of the most recent alloy compositions in a wide range of possibly-aggressive solutions and under several different types of corrosion-test conditions. The work supplements previous aqueous-corrosion studies on iron aluminides by the present authors. Four stages of this one-year aqueous-corrosion investigation are described. First the corrosion properties of selected iron aluminides were evaluated by means of electrochemical tests and longer-time immersion tests in a range of acidic, basic and chloride solutions. Theses tests were performed under non-crevice conditions, i.e. the specimens were not designed to contain crevice geometries. Second, the iron-aluminide alloy that proved most resistance to chloride-induced localized corrosion under non-crevice conditions was further evaluated under more-severe crevice conditions by electrochemical and immersion testing. Third, in order to study the relative roles of Fe, Al, Cr and Mo in the formation of passive films, the chemical compositions of passive films were determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). And fourth, in order to study aqueous-corrosion effects on the ductilities of iron aluminides as related to hydrogen embrittlement and/or stress-corrosion cracking, slow-strain-rate corrosion (SSRC) tests were conducted over a range of electrochemical potentials.

Buchanan, R.A.; Kim, J.G. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Analysis of the frequency response of a TeO{sub 2} slow shear wave acousto-optic cell exposed to radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiation testing of photonic components is not new, however component level testing to date has not completely addressed quantities which are important to system behavior. One characteristic that is of particular importance for optical processing systems is the frequency response. In this report, we present the analysis of data from an experiment designed to provide a preliminary understanding of the effects of radiation on the frequency response of acousto-optic devices. The goal of the analysis is to describe possible physical mechanisms responsible for the radiation effects and to discuss the effects on signal processing functionality. The experiment discussed in this report was designed by Sandia National Laboratories and performed by Sandia and Phillips Laboratory personnel at White Sands Missile Range (WSMR). In the experiment, a TeO{sub 2} slow shear wave acousto-optic cell was exposed to radiation from the WSMR linear accelerator. The TeO{sub 2} cell was placed in an experimental configuration which allowed swept frequency diffracted power measurements to be taken during radiation exposure and recovery. A series of exposures was performed. Each exposure consisted of between 1 to 800, 1{mu}sec radiation pulses (yielding exposures of 2.25 kRad(Si) to 913 kRad(Si)), followed by recovery time. At low total and cumulative doses, the bandshape of the frequency response (i.e. diffracted power vs. frequency) remained almost identical during and after radiation. At the higher exposures, however, the amplitude and width of the frequency response changed as the radiation continued, but returned to the original shape slowly after the radiation stopped and recovery proceeded. It is interesting to note that the location of the Bragg degeneracy does not change significantly with radiation. In this report, we discuss these effects from the perspective of anisotropic Bragg diffraction and momentum mismatch, and we discuss the effect on the signal processing functionality.

Erteza, I.A.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

NREL: Technology Transfer - 22nd Industry Growth Forum ...  

22nd Industry Growth Forum Presentations. ... Technology: Energy storage ... Technology Transfer Home; About Technology Transfer;

267

Cellulose and the Control of Growth Anisotropy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors research aims to understand morphogenesis, focusing on growth anisotropy, a process that is crucial to make organs with specific and heritable shapes. For the award, the specific aims were to test hypotheses concerning how growth anisotropy is controlled by cell wall structure, particularly by the synthesis and alignment of cellulose microfibrils, the predominant mechanical element in the cell wall. This research has involved characterizing the basic physiology of anisotropic expansion, including measuring it at high resolution; and second, characterizing the relationship between growth anisotropy, and cellulose microfibrils. Important in this relationship and also to the control of anisotropic expansion are structures just inside the plasma membrane called cortical microtubules, and the research has also investigated their contribution to controlling anisotropy and microfibril alignment. In addition to primary experimental papers, I have also developed improved methods relating to these objectives as well as written relevant reviews. Major accomplishments in each area will now be described.

Tobias I. Baskin

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Electron Microscopy Study of Tin Whisker Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth of tin whiskers formed on sputtered tin layers deposited on brass was studied using electron microscopy. The occurrence of whiskers appeared to be largely independent of the macroscopic stress state in the film; rather it was microscopic compressive stresses arising from the formation of an intermetallic phase that appeared to be the necessary precursor. Whisker morphology was a result of whether nucleation had occurred on single grains or on multiple grains. In the latter case, the whiskers had a fluted or striated surface. The formation of whiskers on electron transparent samples was demonstrated. These samples showed the whiskers were monocrystalline and defect free, and that the growth direction could be determined.

Norton, Murray G. (Washington State University); Lebret, Joel (8392)

2003-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

269

Klebsiella pneumoniae inoculants for enhancing plant growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A biological inoculant for enhancing the growth of plants is disclosed. The inoculant includes the bacterial strains Herbaspirillum seropedicae 2A, Pantoea agglomerans P101, Pantoea agglomerans P102, Klebsiella pneumoniae 342, Klebsiella pneumoniae zmvsy, Herbaspirillum seropedicae Z152, Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus PA15, with or without a carrier. The inoculant also includes strains of the bacterium Pantoea agglomerans and K. pneumoniae which are able to enhance the growth of cereal grasses. Also disclosed are the novel bacterial strains Herbaspirillum seropedicae 2A, Pantoea agglomerans P101 and P102, and Klebsiella pneumoniae 342 and zmvsy.

Triplett, Eric W. (Middleton, WI); Kaeppler, Shawn M. (Oregon, WI); Chelius, Marisa K. (Greeley, CO)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Monitoring hydraulic fracture growth: Laboratory experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors carry out small-scale hydraulic fracture experiments to investigate the physics of hydraulic fracturing. The laboratory experiments are combined with time-lapse ultrasonic measurements with active sources using both compressional and shear-wave transducers. For the time-lapse measurements they focus on ultrasonic measurement changes during fracture growth. As a consequence they can detect the hydraulic fracture and characterize its shape and geometry during growth. Hence, this paper deals with fracture characterization using time-lapse acoustic data. Hydraulic fracturing is used in the oil and gas industry to stimulate reservoir production.

Groenenboom, J.; Dam, D.B. van

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity On This Page Real gross domestic product... Inflation, interest rates... Output growth... Energy expenditures decline... Real growth in gross domestic product averages 2.1 to 3.2 percent across cases AEO2011 presents three views of economic growth (Figure 45). The rate of growth in real gross domestic product (GDP) depends on assumptions about labor force growth and productivity. In the Reference case, growth in real GDP averages 2.7 percent per year due to a 0.7 percent per year growth in the labor force and a 2.1 percent per year growth in labor productivity. figure data GDP growth in 2010 partially offsets the decline in 2009, helping GDP to recover to pre-recession levels by 2011. In the AEO2011 Reference case, economic recovery accelerates in 2012, while employment recovers more

272

A growth theory perspective on B2C e-commerce growth in Europe: An exploratory study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) continue to have a profound effect on the economies and societies where they are used. In this article, we propose three related theories to describe the underlying mechanism for growth in e-commerce ... Keywords: Contextual production, E-commerce, Economic analysis, Empirical research, Endogenous growth, Exogenous growth, Growth theory, Theory-building research

Shu-Chun Ho; Robert J. Kauffman; Ting-Peng Liang

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Spectroscopic studies of metal growth on oxides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metal/oxide chemistry and metal cluster growth on oxides are fundamental to our understanding of the catalytic activity and selectivity of metal catalysts, thus considerable research recently has addressed the physical and chemical properties of metal clusters on well-defined oxide surfaces. In this work, the nucleation and growth modes of Ag on TiO?(110)(1x1) and (1x2) surfaces, Ag on ultra-thin Al?O? films, and Au on ultra-thin SiO? films were studied by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), low energy ion scattering spectroscopy (LEIS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In general, Ag grows three-dimensionally (3D) on both TiO?(110) and Al?O? film at 300 K. The growth mode of Au at fractional monolayer coverages is quasi-two dimensional (2D); at higher coverages, three-dimensional growth of Au was found. In these three systems, Ag/TiO?, Ag/Al?O?, and Au/SiO?, no strong chemical interaction was observed between metal clusters and substrates. Sintering was observed for all metal clusters upon annealing. A non-zero order desorption was observed for Ag/Al?O? and Au/SiO? in temperature programmed desorption (TPD) studies. The desorption activation energies decrease with decreasing metal coverages.

Luo, Kai

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Growth Of Oriented Crystals At Polymerized Membranes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to methods and compositions for the growth and alignment of crystals at biopolymeric films. The methods and compositions of the present invention provide means to generate a variety of dense crystalline ceramic films, with totally aligned crystals, at low temperatures and pressures, suitable for use with polymer and plastic substrates.

Charych, Deborah H. (Albany, CA), Berman, Amir (Ben-Shiva, IL)

2000-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

275

Melt dumping in string stabilized ribbon growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for stabilizing the edge positions of a ribbon drawn from a melt includes the use of wettable strings drawn in parallel up through the melt surface, the ribbon being grown between the strings. A furnace and various features of the crucible used therein permit continuous automatic growth of flat ribbons without close temperature control or the need for visual inspection.

Sachs, Emanuel M. (42 Old Middlesex Rd., Belmont, MA 02178)

1986-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

276

WATER AND GROWTH: FUTURE WATER SUPPLIES FOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Reclaimed Water As people use water, a wastewater stream is produced. Once cleaned to acceptable standards and is available as reclaimed water. #12;20 New growth in central Arizona will produce significant quantities to return for wastewater treatment51 . Of the reclaimed water produced, 30% is assumed available to meet

Gelt, Joe

277

Emittance growth from electron beam modulation  

SciTech Connect

In linac ring colliders like MeRHIC and eRHIC a modulation of the electron bunch can lead to a modulation of the beam beam tune shift and steering errors. These modulations can lead to emittance growth. This note presents simple formulas to estimate these effects which generalize some previous results.

Blaskiewicz, M.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Dimensioning optical networks under traffic growth models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider the problem of dimensioning a large optical wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) network assuming the traffic is growing over time. Traffic between pairs of nodes is carried through lightpaths which are high-bandwidth end-to-end ... Keywords: capacity allocation, capacity exhaustion probability, stochastic modeling, traffic growth model

Tapan Kumar Nayak; Kumar N. Sivarajan

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

[Plant growth with limited water]. Performance report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

When water is in short supply, soybean stem growth is inhibited by a physical limitation followed in a few hours by metabolic changes that reduce the extensibility of the cell walls. The extensibility then becomes the main limitation. With time, there is a modest recovery in extensibility along with an accumulation of a 28kD protein in the walls of the growth-affected cells. A 3lkD protein that was 80% similar in amino acid sequence also was present but did not accumulate in the walls of the stem cells. In the stem, growth was inhibited and the mRNA for the 28kD protein increased in response to water deprivation but the mRNA for the 3 1 kD protein did not. The roots continued to grow and the mRNA for the 28kD protein did not accumulate but the mRNA for the 3lkD protein did. Thus, there was a tissuespecific response of gene expression that correlated with the contrasting growth response to low water potential in the same seedlings. Further work using immunogold labeling, fluorescence labeling, and western blotting gave evidence that the 28kD protein is located in the cell wall as well as several compartments in the cytoplasm. Preliminary experiments indicate that the 28kD protein is a phosphatase.

Not Available

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Energy Intensity Trends in AEO2010 (released in AEO2010)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Energy intensity (energy consumption per dollar of real GDP) indicates how much energy a country uses to produce its goods and services. From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, U.S. total primary energy consumption and real GDP increased at nearly the same annual rate (Figure 17). During that period, real oil prices remained virtually flat. In contrast, from the mid-1970s to 2008, the relationship between energy consumption and real GDP growth changed, with primary energy consumption growing at less than one-third the previous average rate and real GDP growth continuing to grow at its historical rate. The decoupling of real GDP growth from energy consumption growth led to a decline in energy intensity that averaged 2.8 percent per year from 1973 to 2008. In the AEO2010 Reference case, energy intensity continues to decline, at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent from 2008 to 2035.

Information Center

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Vertebral Body Growth After Craniospinal Irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To estimate the effects of radiotherapy and clinical factors on vertebral growth in patients with medulloblastoma and supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors treated with craniospinal irradiation (CSI) and chemotherapy. Methods and Materials: The height of eight individual or grouped vertebral bodies (C3, C3-C4, T4, T4-T5, C6-T3, T4-T7, L3, L1-L5) was measured before and after CSI (23.4 or 36-39.6 Gy) in 61 patients. Of the 61 patients, 40 were boys and 21 were girls (median age, 7 years; range, 3-13 years), treated between October 1996 and October 2003. Sagittal T{sub 1}-weighted magnetic resonance images were used for the craniocaudal measurements. The measurements numbered 275 (median, 5/patient; range, 3-7). The median follow-up after CSI was 44.1 months (range, 13.8-74.9 months). Results: Significant growth was observed in all measured vertebrae. Excluding C3-C4, the growth rate of the grouped vertebrae was affected by age, gender, and CSI dose (risk classification). The risk classification alone affected the growth rates of C3 (p = 0.002) and L3 (p = 0.02). Before CSI, the length of all vertebral bodies was an increasing function of age (p <0.0001). The C3 length before CSI was affected by gender and risk classification: C3 was longer for female (p = 0.07) and high-risk (p = 0.07) patients. Conclusion: All vertebrae grew significantly after CSI, with the vertebrae of the boys and younger patients growing at a rate greater than that of their counterparts. The effect of age was similar across all vertebrae, and gender had the greatest effect on the growth of the lower cervical and upper thoracic vertebrae. The effect of the risk classification was greatest in the lumbar spine by a factor of {<=}10.

Hartley, Katherine A. [Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Li Chenghong [Department of Biostatistics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Laningham, Fred H.; Krasin, Matthew J. [Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Xiong Xiaoping [Department of Biostatistics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Merchant, Thomas E. [Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States)], E-mail: thomas.merchant@stjude.org

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Spark Ignited Turbulent Flame Kernel Growth  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An experimental study of the effects of spark power and of incomplete fuel-air mixing on spark-ignited flame kernel growth was conducted in turbulent propane-air mixtures at 1 atm, 300K conditions. The results showed that increased spark power resulted in an increased growth rate, where the effect of short duration breakdown sparks was found to persist for times of the order of milliseconds. The effectiveness of increased spark power was found to be less at high turbulence and high dilution conditions. Increased spark power had a greater effect on the 0-5 mm burn time than on the 5-13 mm burn time, in part because of the effect of breakdown energy on the initial size of the flame kernel. And finally, when spark power was increased by shortening the spark duration while keeping the effective energy the same there was a significant increase in the misfire rate, however when the spark power was further increased by increasing the breakdown energy the misfire rate dropped to zero. The results also showed that fluctuations in local mixture strength due to incomplete fuel-air mixing cause the flame kernel surface to become wrinkled and distorted; and that the amount of wrinkling increases as the degree of incomplete fuel-air mixing increases. Incomplete fuel-air mixing was also found to result in a significant increase in cyclic variations in the flame kernel growth. The average flame kernel growth rates for the premixed and the incompletely mixed cases were found to be within the experimental uncertainty except for the 33%-RMS-fluctuation case where the growth rate was significantly lower. The premixed and 6%-RMS-fluctuation cases had a 0% misfire rate. The misfire rates were 1% and 2% for the 13%-RMS-fluctuation and 24%-RMS-fluctuation cases, respectively; however, it drastically increased to 23% in the 33%-RMS-fluctuation case.

Santavicca, D.A.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

EIA - Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 13 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, Low Economic Growth Case Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Low Economic Growth Case

284

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Growth of Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources

285

Computational Models for Crystal Growth of Radiation Detector Materials: Growth of CZT by the EDG Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crystals are the central materials element of most gamma radiation detection systems, yet there remains surprisingly little fundamental understanding about how these crystals grow, how growth conditions affect crystal properties, and, ultimately, how detector performance is affected. Without this understanding, the prospect for significant materials improvement, i.e., growing larger crystals with superior quality and at a lower cost, remains a difficult and expensive exercise involving exhaustive trial-and-error experimentation in the laboratory. Thus, the overall goal of this research is to develop and apply computational modeling to better understand the processes used to grow bulk crystals employed in radiation detectors. Specifically, the work discussed here aims at understanding the growth of cadmium zinc telluride (CZT), a material of long interest to the detector community. We consider the growth of CZT via gradient freeze processes in electrodynamic multi-zone furnaces and show how crucible mounting and design are predicted to affect conditions for crystal growth. (authors)

Derby, Jeffrey J.; Gasperino, David [Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455-0132 (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Substrate solder barriers for semiconductor epilayer growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

During the growth of compound semiconductors by epitaxial processes, substrates are typically mounted to a support. In molecular beam epitaxy, mounting is done using indium as a solder. This method has two drawbacks: the indium reacts with the substrate, and it is difficult to uniformly wet the back of a large diameter substrate. Both of these problems have been successfully overcome by sputter coating the back of the substrate with a thin layer of tungsten carbide or tungsten carbide and gold. In addition to being compatible with the growth of high quality semiconductor epilayers this coating is also inert in all standard substate cleaning etchants used for compound semiconductors, and provides uniform distribution of energy in radiant heating. 1 tab.

Drummond, T.J.; Ginley, D.S.; Zipperian, T.E.

1987-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

287

GGGI-Ethiopia-Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GGGI-Ethiopia-Green Growth Strategy Support GGGI-Ethiopia-Green Growth Strategy Support Jump to: navigation, search Name GGGI-Ethiopia-Green Growth Strategy Support Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) Sector Energy Focus Area Economic Development Resource Type Publications Website http://www.gggi.org/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Ethiopia UN Region Eastern Africa References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Abstract In 2010, GGGI carried out a first phase baseline analysis of Ethiopia's green growth opportunities, focusing on three key sectors: agriculture, forestry, and power. The objective of this phase1project was to identify, prioritize and evaluate the opportunities for green growth in Ethiopia in the context of its very ambitious Economic Transformation Plan (ETP) and economic growth targets which state the objective of transforming Ethiopia in a mid-income country by 2025.

288

THE22nd NREL INDUSTRY GROWTH FORUM - National Renewable Energy ...  

ii General Information Welcome to the 22nd NREL Industry Growth Forum We are pleased that you are attending NREL’s 22nd Industry Growth Forum and want your ...

289

Drop Growth Due to High Supersaturation Caused by Isobaric Mixing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new conceptual model is proposed for enhanced cloud droplet growth during condensation. Rapid droplet growth may occur in zones of high supersaturation resulting from isobaric mixing of saturated volumes with different temperatures. Cloud ...

Alexei V. Korolev; George A. Isaac

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

EIA - High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 13 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, High Economic Growth Case High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

291

Low Carbon Growth Plans: A Sectoral Approach to Climate Protection...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

plans, or green growth plans, integrate a country's potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions with its plans for economic growth. The plans are based on in-depth, technical...

292

Hail Growth in a Three-Dimensional Cloud Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hailstone growth model is developed. The changes in hailstone density due to varying riming densities are considered. The contributions of evaporation to melting as well as wet growth (which cannot be neglected when the cloud temperature is ...

Jia-Liu Xu

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

NREL: Technology Transfer - 23rd Industry Growth Forum  

Join NREL at its 23rd Industry Growth Forum on Oct. 19–21, 2010, in Denver, Colo. The Industry Growth Forum is the premier event for clean energy ...

294

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Green Growth Forum (3GF)...

295

An old-growth forest on the Oak Ridge Reservation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Old-Growth Forest on the Oak Ridge Reservation Old-growth forests are increasingly rare around the globe. One occurs in the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park on the...

296

A presynaptic endosomal trafficking pathway controls synaptic growth signaling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structural remodeling of synapses in response to growth signals leads to long-lasting alterations in neuronal function in many systems. Synaptic growth factor receptors alter their signaling properties during transit through ...

Rodal, Avital A.

297

On the Transformations between Temporal and Spatial Growth Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note compares the error distributions for three transformation formulae between temporal growth rate and spatial growth rate with the linearized barotropic vorticity equation. The sech2 and the tanh basic-state profiles are used for ...

Melinda S. Peng; R. T. Williams

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Graphene Layer Growth Chemistry: Five-Six-Ring Flip Reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

25-28, 2007. Topic: Soot GRAPHENE LAYER GROWTH CHEMISTRY:on the zigzag edge of a graphene layer isomerizes to reversea possibly important step in graphene layer growth, thus

Whitesides, Russell; Domin, Dominik; Lester Jr., William A.; Frenklach, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Cloud Droplet Growth by Condensation in Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth of cloud droplets by diffusion of water vapor in a three-dimensional homogeneous isotropic turbulent flow is considered. Within a simple model of advection and condensation, the dynamics and growth of millions of droplets are ...

Alessandra S. Lanotte; Agnese Seminara; Federico Toschi

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Aging Effects on Craze Growth Under Stress Relaxation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aging Effects on Craze Growth Under Stress Relaxation Conditions. Mats Delin and Gregory B. McKenna, Polymers Division ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

NREL: Technology Transfer - 21st Industry Growth Forum ...  

Presentation: Biomass to Energy Solutions. Speakers. The following speakers gave presentations at the Industry Growth Forum. Dan E. Arvizu, ...

302

Improved Growth of High-Temperature Superconductors with ...  

Visual Patent Search; Success Stories; News; Events; Electricity Transmission Improved Growth of High-Temperature Superconductors with HF Pressure ...

303

Dec 2009 Workshop on Challenges to Growth of Grid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. December 2009. Workshop on Challenges to Growth of Grid Connected Electronics. On behalf of ...

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

304

Cadmium zinc telluride substrate growth, characterization, and evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: cadmium zinc telluride (CZT), chemical analysis, infrared focal plane arrays (INFRAs), single crystal growth, subsstrate defects, substrates

M. Kestigian; A. B. Bollong; J. J. Derby; H. L. Glass; K. Harris; H. L. Hettich; P. K. Liao; P. Mitra; P. W. Norton; H. Wadley

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Oxygen and Carbon Isotopes and Coral Growth in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea as Environmental and Climate Indicators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea comprise a sensitive and important region, both oceanographically and climatically. A better understanding of the history of climate and marine environmental conditions in this region provides valuable insight into the processes that affect climate globally. This dissertation furthers our understanding of these factors via investigations of the isotopes of corals and seawater, as well as coral growth. Results improve our understanding of how the isotope and coral growth records from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea reflect recent environmental conditions, enhancing our ability to reconstruct the history of climate in this important region. Analysis of the relationship between salinity and oxygen isotopic composition of seawater from the Texas/Louisiana continental shelf and Flower Garden Banks yield improved understanding of the relative contribution of the fresh water sources into the northern Gulf of Mexico, and also the oxygen isotopic composition of open-ocean seawater in this region. Variations in the growth of long-lived coral cores from the Flower Garden Banks are compared to local and regional climate conditions, particularly winter air temperatures. During the latter half of the twentieth century, a close correlation has existed between slow coral growth and cold wintertime air temperatures along the Gulf Coast, which are due to a meridional orientation of the North American jet stream (associated with the Pacific/North American climate pattern). Existing long coral growth records are too limited to assess this relationship during earlier years. Knowledge of the marine radiocarbon (14C) reservoir age is important for understanding carbon cycling and calibrating the radiocarbon ages of marine samples. Radiocarbon concentrations in corals from the Flower Garden Banks, Veracruz, and the Cariaco Basin are measured and used to determine the surface ocean 14C reservoir ages for the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Results also indicate that the post-nuclear weapons testing Delta 14-C values of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea differ. This difference is attributed to the advection of 14C-depleted surface water from the Southern Hemisphere into the Caribbean Sea. The results reported in this dissertation provide valuable information for understanding the marine environment when using carbonate proxies to study and reconstruct past climate and marine conditions in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean.

Wagner, Amy Jo

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Theory for growth of spherical precipitates with capillarity effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

precipitation in power plant steels,1,2 there is no analytical solution for the growth of a sphereTheory for growth of spherical precipitates with capillarity effects P. E. J. Rivera-Dõ�az-del-Castillo and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia Analytical solutions are presented for the growth of spherical precipitates

Cambridge, University of

307

FEM based 3D tumor growth prediction for kidney tumor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is important to predict the tumor growth so that appropriate treatment can be planned especially in the early stage. In this paper, we propose a finite element method (FEM) based 3D tumor growth prediction system using longitudinal kidney tumor images. ... Keywords: finite element method, kidney tumor, segmentation, tumor growth prediction

Xinjian Chen; Ronald Summers; Jianhua Yao

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Digital city shanghai: concepts, foundations, and current state  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fastest developing city in China is Shanghai; its annual growth rate (GDP) exceeded 11.9% average in every year from 1992 and GDP per person in 2003 reached 4909 USD. Economists, industries and the government have been considering how to keep Shanghai ...

Peng Ding; DongHui Lin; HuanYe Sheng

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

In Proceedings, Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste Management Association, June 24-28, 2001, held in Orlando, Florida, and published byA&WMA, Pittsburgh, PA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rates, environmental constraints, sectoral energy demand, and others, have been quantified. Figure 1 demands for energy services. These demands are projected according to the GDP growth rates or GDP per coal for its steel industry, with a small portion burned to generate electricity.13,14 Firewood is used

Frey, H. Christopher

310

Evolution of juvenile growth rates in female guppies (Poecilia reticulata): predator regime or resource level?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effect offlexible growth rates on optimal sizes and develop¬Adaptive intrinsic growth rates: an inte- gration acrossVariation in larval growth rate among striped bass stocks

Arendt, Jeffrey D.; Reznick, David N

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Dynamic Modeling of Aerobic Growth of Shewanella oneidensis. Predicting Triauxic Growth, Flux Distributions and Energy Requirement for Growth  

SciTech Connect

A model-based analysis is conducted to investigate metabolism of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 strain in aerobic batch culture, which exhibits an intriguing growth pattern by sequentially consuming substrate (i.e., lactate) and by-products (i.e., pyruvate and acetate). A general protocol is presented for developing a detailed network-based dynamic model for S. oneidensis based on the Lumped Hybrid Cybernetic Model (LHCM) framework. The L-HCM, although developed from only limited data, is shown to accurately reproduce exacting dynamic metabolic shifts, and provide reasonable estimates of energy requirement for growth. Flux distributions in S. oneidensis predicted by the L-HCM compare very favorably with 13C-metabolic flux analysis results reported in the literature. Predictive accuracy is enhanced by incorporating measurements of only a few intracellular fluxes, in addition to extracellular metabolites. The L-HCM developed here for S. oneidensis is consequently a promising tool for the analysis of intracellular flux distribution and metabolic engineering.

Song, Hyun-Seob; Ramkrishna, Doraiswami; Pinchuk, Grigoriy E.; Beliaev, Alex S.; Konopka, Allan; Fredrickson, Jim K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: sefi.unep.org/fileadmin/media/sefi/docs/publications/PublicPrivateWeb. Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Screenshot References: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries[1]

313

Nucleation and Growth of Atmospheric Particles  

SciTech Connect

New particle formation (NPF) in the atmospheric is a two-step process: Nucleation leads to the birth of stable nuclei that subsequently grow to sizes that can be detected and affect the atmosphere’s radiative properties. Our group is studying both of these processes. Our nucleation research is largely supported by NSF and involves measurements of neutral molecular clusters formed by nucleation with a new custom-designed mass spectrometer (the Cluster-CIMS) and measurements of nanoparticle size distributions as small as 1 nm with a new aerosol spectrometer (the DEG SMPS). These measurements are providing new insights into aspects of cluster behavior that affect nucleation rates. The U.S. DOE supports our research on nanoparticle growth rates. This research couples physical and chemical measurements of aerosol properties and behavior. The TDCIMS, which enables real-time measurements of composition for freshly nucleated particles as small as 8 nm and was developed with support from DOE, is the most important tool in this work. Our most important discoveries about processes that affect growth rates are summarized in a recent PNAS article (doi:10.1073/pnas.0912127107). In short, this work has shown that alkylammonium-carboxylate salts, formed, for example, by reactions between amines and carboxylic acids, account for 20–50% of the mass of freshly nucleated particles in locations that include Atlanta, Mexico City, Boulder, and Hyytiälä, while sulfates account for only about 10%. These newly discovered compounds help to explain the high growth rates of freshly nucleated particles that have been observed around the globe and help to explain why nucleation is an important atmospheric process, not just a scientific curiosity. Our poster will provide an overview of this work.

McMurry, P.; Kuang, C.; Barsanti, K.; Eisele, F.; Friedli, H.; Scheckman, J.; Titcombe, M.; Williams, B.; Zhao, J.; Smith, J.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Multiple regions of the NG2 proteoglycan inhibit neurite growth and induce growth cone collapse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NG2 chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, an integral membrane proteoglycan, inhibits axon growth from cerebellar granule neurons and dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons in vitro. The extracellular domain of the NG2 core protein contains three subdomains: an N-terminal globular domain (domain 1), a central extended domain that has the sites for glycosaminoglycan (GAG) attachment (domain 2), and a juxtamembrane domain (domain 3). Here, we used domain-specific fusion proteins and antibodies to map the inhibitory activity within the NG2 core protein. Fusion proteins encoding domain 1 (D1-Fc) or domain 3 (D3-Fc) of NG2 inhibited axon growth from cerebellar granule neurons when the proteins were substrate-bound. These proteins also induced growth cone collapse from newborn DRG neurons when added to the culture medium. Domain 2 only inhibited axon growth when the GAG chains were present. Neutralizing antibodies directed against domain 1 or 3 blocked completely the inhibition from substrates coated with D1-Fc or D3-Fc. When the entire extracellular domain of NG2 was used as a substrate, however, both neutralizing antibodies were needed to reverse completely the inhibition. When NG2 was expressed on the surface of HEK293 cells, the neutralizing anti-D1 antibody was sufficient to block the inhibition, whereas the anti-D3 antibody had no effect. These results suggest that domains 1 and 3 of NG2 can inhibit neurite growth independently. These inhibitory domains may be differentially exposed depending on whether NG2 is presented as an integral membrane protein or as a secreted protein associated with the extracellular matrix. Key words: regeneration; glial scars; chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan; spinal cord injury; NG2; growth cone collapse

Yvonne M. Ughrin; Zhi Jiang Chen; Joel M. Levine

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Fractured Geothermal Growth Induced by Heat Extraction  

SciTech Connect

Field testing of a hydraulically stimulated, hot dry rock (HDR) geothermal system at the Fenton Hill site in northern New Mexico indicated that significant reservoir growth occurred as energy was extracted. Tracer, microseismic, and geochemical measurements provided the primary quantitative evidence for the increases in accessible reservoir volume and fractured rock surface area that were observed during energy extraction operations that caused substantial thermal drawdown in portions of the reservoir. These temporal increases suggest that augmentation of reservoir hear-production capacity in an HDR system may be possible. [DJE 2005

Tester, J.W.; Murphy, H.D.; Grigsby, C.O.; Potter, R.M.; Robinson, B.A.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Peru-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peru-Green Growth Planning Peru-Green Growth Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Peru-Green Growth Planning Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gggi.org/project/ma Program Start 2011 Program End 2016 Country Peru South America References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Cambodia Green Growth Planning[2] Overview "GGGI supports emerging and developing countries that seek to develop rigorous green growth economic development strategies. It does so by placing the best available analytical tools at their disposal, building

317

CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization: Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Sector: Energy Topics: Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Publications User Interface: Other Website: cdkn.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/CDKN-Guide-to-Green-Growth.pdf Cost: Free Language: English CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning Screenshot References: CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning[1] Logo: CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning "This guide by CDKN aims to support national planners and policy makers in

318

South Korea-Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Korea-Green Growth Strategy Support South Korea-Green Growth Strategy Support Jump to: navigation, search Name South Korea-Green Growth Strategy Support Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Brazilian Finance Ministry, EMBRAPA, FGV, Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.gggi.org/ Program Start 2010 Country South Korea Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 Indonesia 4 References Overview The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) was founded on the belief that economic growth and environmental sustainability are not merely compatible objectives; their integration is essential for the future of humankind. GGGI is dedicated to pioneering and diffusing a new model of economic

319

Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Growth Engines Jump to: navigation, search Name Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Growth Engines Agency/Company /Organization Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Topics Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Guide/manual Website http://www.oecd.org/officialdo Country South Korea UN Region Eastern Asia References Korea's Green Growth Strategy[1] Overview "Korea's greenhouse gas emissions almost doubled between 1990 and 2005, the highest growth rate in the OECD area. Korea recently set a target of reducing emissions by 30% by 2020 relative to a "business as usual"

320

Ethiopia-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia-Green Growth Planning Ethiopia-Green Growth Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Ethiopia-Green Growth Planning Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gggi.org/project/ma Program Start 2011 Program End 2016 Country Ethiopia Eastern Africa References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Cambodia Green Growth Planning[2] Overview "GGGI supports emerging and developing countries that seek to develop rigorous green growth economic development strategies. It does so by placing the best available analytical tools at their disposal, building

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Cambodia-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cambodia-Green Growth Planning Cambodia-Green Growth Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Cambodia-Green Growth Planning Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gggi.org/project/ma Program Start 2011 Program End 2016 Country Cambodia South-Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Cambodia Green Growth Planning[2] Overview "GGGI supports emerging and developing countries that seek to develop rigorous green growth economic development strategies. It does so by placing the best available analytical tools at their disposal, building

322

From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth Agency/Company /Organization: ClimateWorks, European Climate Foundation Sector: Climate Topics: Finance Resource Type: Publications Website: www.project-catalyst.info/images/publications/101127_from_climate_fina From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth Screenshot References: From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth[1] Logo: From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth "This document outlines the benefits of green growth and the importance of developing the right policies to support a transition towards the low carbon economy. It assesses the financing needs of green growth in

323

International Energy Outlook 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal Coal In the IEO2007 reference case, world coal consumption increases by 74 percent from 2004 to 2030, international coal trade increases by 44 percent from 2005 to 2030, and coal's share of world energy consumption increases from 26 percent in 2004 to 28 percent in 2030. In the IEO2007 reference case, world coal consumption increases by 74 percent over the projection period, from 114.4 quadrillion Btu in 2004 to 199.0 quadrillion Btu in 2030 (Figure 54). Coal consumption increases by 2.6 per- cent per year on average from 2004 to 2015, then slows to an average increase of 1.8 percent annually from 2015 to 2030. World GDP and primary energy consumption also grow more rapidly in the first half than in the second half of the projections, reflecting a gradual slowdown of economic growth in non-OECD Asia. Regionally, increased use of coal in non-OECD

324

International Energy Outlook 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Coal Markets World Coal Markets In the IEO2006 reference case, world coal consumption nearly doubles from 2003 to 2030, with the non-OECD countries accounting for 81 percent of the increase. Coal's share of total world energy consumption increases from 24 percent in 2003 to 27 percent in 2030. In the IEO2006 reference case, world coal consumption nearly doubles, from 5.4 billion short tons 7 in 2003 to 10.6 billion tons in 2030 (Figure 48). Coal consumption increases by 3.0 percent per year on average from 2003 to 2015, then slows to an average annual increase of 2.0 per- cent annually from 2015 to 2030. World GDP and pri- mary energy consumption also grow more rapidly in the first half than in the second half of the projections, reflecting a gradual slowdown of economic growth in non-OECD Asia. Regionally, increased use of coal in non-OECD countries accounts

325

Breakthrough in Nanocrystals' Growth | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Next Step to Drought-Resistant Plants? Next Step to Drought-Resistant Plants? A Boring Material "Stretched" Could Lead to an Electronics Revolution At the Crossroads of Chromosomes Unveiling the Structure of Adenovirus Making Silicon Melt in Reverse Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Breakthrough in Nanocrystals' Growth OCTOBER 22, 2010 Bookmark and Share Silver nanoplates decorated with silver oxy salt nanoparticles along the edges. These nanostructures were grown under irradiation of high-energy x-rays from the APS, which allowed scientists to "watch' them grow in real time. The image is from a scanning electron microscope at the Argonne EMC. Research at the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Photon Source (APS),

326

MIX and Instability Growth from Oblique Shock  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the formation and evolution of shock-induced mix resulting from interface features in a divergent cylindrical geometry. In this research a cylindrical core of high-explosive was detonated to create an oblique shock wave and accelerate the interface. The interfaces studied were between the high-explosive/aluminum, aluminum/plastic, and finally plastic/air. Pre-emplaced surface features added to the aluminum were used to modify this interface. Time sequence radiographic imaging quantified the resulting instability formation from the growth phase to over 60 {micro}s post-detonation. Thus allowing the study of the onset of mix and evolution to turbulence. The plastic used here was porous polyethylene. Radiographic image data are compared with numerical simulations of the experiments.

Molitoris, J D; Batteux, J D; Garza, R G; Tringe, J W; Souers, P C; Forbes, J W

2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

327

Lid for improved dendritic web growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lid for a susceptor in which a crystalline material is melted by induction heating to form a pool or melt of molten material from which a dendritic web of essentially a single crystal of the material is pulled through an elongated slot in the lid and the lid has a pair of generally round openings adjacent the ends of the slot and a groove extends between each opening and the end of the slot. The grooves extend from the outboard surface of the lid to adjacent the inboard surface providing a strip contiguous with the inboard surface of the lid to produce generally uniform radiational heat loss across the width of the dendritic web adjacent the inboard surface of the lid to reduce thermal stresses in the web and facilitate the growth of wider webs at a greater withdrawal rate.

Duncan, Charles S. (Penn Hills, PA); Kochka, Edgar L. (Greentree, PA); Piotrowski, Paul A. (Monroeville, PA); Seidensticker, Raymond G. (Forest Hills, PA)

1992-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

328

Cadmium zinc sulfide by solution growth  

SciTech Connect

A process for depositing thin layers of a II-VI compound cadmium zinc sulfide (CdZnS) by an aqueous solution growth technique with quality suitable for high efficiency photovoltaic or other devices which can benefit from the band edge shift resulting from the inclusion of Zn in the sulfide. A first solution comprising CdCl.sub.2 2.5H.sub.2 O, NH.sub.4 Cl, NH.sub.4 OH and ZnCl.sub.2, and a second solution comprising thiourea ((NH.sub.2).sub.2 CS) are combined and placed in a deposition cell, along with a substrate to form a thin i.e. 10 nm film of CdZnS on the substrate. This process can be sequentially repeated with to achieve deposition of independent multiple layers having different Zn concentrations.

Chen, Wen S. (Seattle, WA)

1992-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

329

Nuclear Symbiosis - A Means to Achieve Sustainable Nuclear Growth while Limiting the Spread of Sensititive Nuclear Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global growth of nuclear energy in the 21st century is creating new challenges to limit the spread of nuclear technology without hindering adoption in countries now considering nuclear power. Independent nuclear states desire autonomy over energy choices and seek energy independence. However, this independence comes with high costs for development of new indigenous fuel cycle capabilities. Nuclear supplier states and expert groups have proposed fuel supply assurance mechanisms such as fuel take-back services, international enrichment services and fuel banks in exchange for recipient state concessions on the development of sensitive technologies. Nuclear states are slow to accept any concessions to their rights under the Non-Proliferation Treaty. To date, decisions not to develop indigenous fuel cycle capabilities have been driven primarily by economics. However, additional incentives may be required to offset a nuclear state’s perceived loss of energy independence. This paper proposes alternative economic development incentives that could help countries decide to forgo development of sensitive nuclear technologies. The incentives are created through a nuclear-centered industrial complex with “symbiotic” links to indigenous economic opportunities. This paper also describes a practical tool called the “Nuclear Materials Exchange” for identifying these opportunities.

David Shropshire

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Indonesia-Low Carbon Growth Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia-Low Carbon Growth Project Indonesia-Low Carbon Growth Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Finance Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas, People and Policy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project[1] Programme of support to the Ministry of Finance to support it to develop policies, structures and financing mechanisms integral to Indonesia's low-carbon growth strategy. References ↑ "Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project"

331

WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Name WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative Agency/Company /Organization World Economic Forum Partner Global Green Growth Institute, Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Government Sector Energy, Land, Climate Topics Finance, Low emission development planning Resource Type Case studies/examples Website http://www.weforum.org/ Program Start 2011 References WEF Site[1] IISD News[2] Abstract The Green Growth Partnerships (GGP) Initiative is convening public, private and expert practitioners in a unique advisory platform to leverage private finance into low carbon investments in developing countries. "The Green Growth Partnerships (GGP) Initiative is convening public,

332

Event:Green Growth Forum 2013 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Growth Forum 2013 Green Growth Forum 2013 Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Green Growth Forum 2013: 8:00-12:00 on 2013/01/25 The Green Growth Forum on January 25 will bring together international experts and Ireland's leaders in green finance, technology, energy and innovation to look at how Ireland can be a leader in the low carbon economy. Event Details Name Green Growth Forum 2013 Date 2013/01/25 Time 8:00-12:00 Location Dublin, Ireland Tags LEDS, Training, CLEAN Website Event Website Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:Green_Growth_Forum_2013&oldid=574556" Category: Events What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

333

Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Studies Program Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Poland, Republic of Macedonia UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=576259"

334

Basic Aspects of Superalloy Design for Crack Growth Resistance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

theories for fatigue and creep crack growth resistance that are particularly ... devices as the nuclear reactors and in such strategic and expensive vehicles.

335

Monte Carlo Potts Investigation of Dynamic Abnormal Grain Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A behavior akin to dynamic abnormal grain growth has been found to occur in model results using small strain rates to achieve modest recrystallization rates.

336

Characterization of Environment-Dependent Fatigue Crack Growth ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

at high frequency levels to fully environment-dependent at very low frequency ... environment-dependent crack growth process, crack increment per cycle is ...

337

Economic growth and financial development: Empirical analysis of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

studies but placed in the error term thus creating correlation between the error term ... The two major factors which affect economic growth are human capital and.

338

Low Carbon Green Growth: Integrated Policy Approach to Climate...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Low Carbon Green Growth: Integrated Policy Approach to Climate Change for Asia-Pacific Developing Countries AgencyCompany...

339

Utility-scale installations lead solar photovoltaic growth ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook › Annual Energy Outlook ... led by particularly strong growth in both utility-scale PV and ... Because the utilization rate for ...

340

Feeding and growth of polar cod in fjords of Svalbard.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Polar cod (Boreogadus saida) were collected in two different fjords around Svalbard in 2006 to address their feeding ecology and growth. Kongsfjorden was sampled in… (more)

Johannessen, Leif Sindre

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Processing, Crystal Growth and Phase Equilibrium of Advanced  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of gravity on crystal growth • Phase diagrams ... Mechanical Behavior of Bulk Nanocrystalline Copper Alloys Produced by High Energy Ball Milling.

342

NREL: Technology Transfer - 21st Industry Growth Forum Photos  

At the 21st NREL Industry Growth Forum on Oct. 30, 2008, Jay Herrmann of Xcel Energy (far right), Forum Co-Chair Lawrence "Marty" Murphy (far left), ...

343

Markets expect Marcellus growth to drive Appalachian natural gas ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural gas prices in the Mid-Atlantic have ... Growth is mostly from dry gas production in northeastern Pennsylvania. ... (Wetzel County , WV) and Natrium ...

344

Third International Conference on Grain Growth: Rental Car ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Third International Conference on Grain Growth (ICGG-3) will be held June 14-19, 1998, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The conference will deal with all ...

345

Growth Trends in the South African Manufactured Export Industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Through empirical research the researcher gained an in-depth knowledge regarding the growth trends in the South African manufactured export industry as well as the factors… (more)

Moloto, Phineas Rameshovo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The Intricate Puzzle of Oil and Gas “Reserves Growth  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Monthly July 1997 vii The Intricate Puzzle of Oil and Gas “Reserves Growth” by David F. Morehouse

347

Size Distribution, Imaging and Growth Mechanisms of Self ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth of self-assembled quantum-confined structures has been under ... being developed to better understand the formation of quantum dots and wires.

348

Silicon-Germanium-Carbon Self Assembled Quantum Dot Growth ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 2002 ... Silicon-Germanium-Carbon Self Assembled Quantum Dot Growth and Applications in Electronic Memory Devices by D.-W. Kim and S.

349

Before the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home Before the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs - House Committee on Oversight and Governmant Reform...

350

Large Scale Parallel Lattice Boltzmann Model of Dendritic Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, We present a parallel lattice Boltzmann - cellular automaton model for the simulation of two-dimensional dendritic growth during solidification of ...

351

New Solar Farms in West Tennessee Signal Growth - EERE ...  

New Solar Farms in West Tennessee Signal Growth. April 13, 2012. Two new solar energy farms are generating a small but growing supply of electricity in West Tennessee ...

352

Synthesis, Characterization and Growth Mechanism of Boron-Rich ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However, the underlying physical reason of the diversity has been seldom investigated. Here, we present a detailed study of the growth of boron-rich whiskers ...

353

Annual Production with 2 Percent Annual Growth & Decline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

It is unlikely that any single constant growth or decline rate would persist before or after the year of peak production. World oil production has sometimes ...

354

Effect of Plastic Deformation on Sn Whisker Growth in Electroplated ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Pb-free Solders and Emerging Interconnect and Packaging Technologies. Presentation Title, Effect of Plastic Deformation on Sn Whisker Growth in ...

355

Tin Whisker and Hillock Growth Mechanism Via Grain Boundary ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Pb-free Solders and Emerging Interconnect and Packaging ... Effect of Plastic Deformation on Sn Whisker Growth in Electroplated Sn and Sn-Ag.

356

NSLS II: Growth and Processing of Advanced Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is a non-equilibrium phenomenon governed by a competition between kinetics and thermodynamics. The figure illustrates common themes in thin film growth processes and methods....

357

Figure 65. Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy-intensive industries in three cases, 2011-2040 ... Iron and steel Bulk Chemicals Glass Paper products Food products

358

Figure 67. Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy-intensive industries, 2011-2040, 2011-2025, and 2025 ... Iron and steel Bulk chemicals Glass Paper products Food ...

359

NREL: News - NREL's Industry Growth Forum Attracts Clean Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Options Site Map Bookmark and Share Printable Version News Release NR-3412 NREL's Industry Growth Forum Attracts Clean Energy Investors 25th Forum to Feature 30 Clean...

360

RECIPIENT:MI Department of Energy, Labor & Economic Growth STATE...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MI Department of Energy, Labor & Economic Growth STATE: MI PROJECT TITLE: SEP - Farm Audit Implementation Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Publications, Guidemanual Website http:www.oecd.orgofficialdo Country South Korea UN Region Eastern Asia References Korea's Green Growth Strategy1 Overview "Korea's...

362

Graphene Layer Growth: Collision of Migrating Five-Member Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monte Carlo simulations of graphene edge buildup, the rateGraphene layer growth: Collision of migrating five- memberon the zigzag edge of a graphene layer. The process is

Whitesides, Russell; Kollias, Alexander C.; Domin, Dominik; Lester Jr., William A.; Frenklach, Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The Efficient Numerical Calculation of Condensational Cloud Drop Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A modified Runge-Kutta integration technique is applied to condensational cloud droplet growth calculations, and the use of variable time steps is discussed.

Norman F. Robinson

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Summary of the 20th NREL Industry Growth Forum  

Silicon Valley Solar Vortex Hydro Energy Quality Deal-Flow NREL’s annual Industry Growth Forum is the largest national venture event focused exclusively

365

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Market Drivers Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Figure 35. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data The output of the NationÂ’s economy, measured by GDP, is projected to grow by 3.1 percent per year between 2003 and 2025 (with GDP based on 2000 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 35). The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year between 2003 and 2025. Labor productivity growth in the nonfarm business sector is projected at 2.2 percent per year. Compared with the second half of the 1990s, the rates of growth in GDP and nonfarm employment were lower from 2000 through 2002. Economic growth has

366

Reactive burn models and ignition & growth concept  

SciTech Connect

Plastic-bonded explosives are heterogeneous materials. Experimentally, shock initiation is sensitive to small amounts of porosity, due to the formation of hot spots (small localized regions of high temperature). This leads to the Ignition and Growth concept, introduced by Lee and Tarver in 1980, as the basis for reactive burn models. A homogeneized burn rate needs to account for three mesoscale physical effects (i) the density of burnt hot spots, which depends on the lead shock strength; (ii) the growth of the burn fronts triggered by hot spots, which depends on the local deflagration speed; (iii) a geometric factor that accounts for the overlap of deflagration wavelets from adjacent hot spots. These effects can be combined and the burn model defined by specifying the reaction progress variable {lambda}(t) as a function of a dimensionless reaction length {tau}{sub hs}(t)/{ell}{sub hs}, rather than by xpecifying an explicit burn rate. The length scale {ell}{sub hs} is the average distance between hot spots, which is proportional to [N{sub hs}(P{sub s})]{sup -1/3}, where N{sub hs} is the number density of hot spots activated by the lead shock. The reaction length {tau}{sub hs}(t) = {line_integral}{sub 0}{sup t} D(P(t'))dt' is the distance the burn front propagates from a single hot spot, where D is the deflagration speed and t is the time since the shock arrival. A key implementation issue is how to determine the lead shock strength in conjunction with a shock capturing scheme. They have developed a robust algorithm for this purpose based on the Hugoniot jump condition for the energy. The algorithm utilizes the time dependence of density, pressure and energy within each cell. The method is independent of the numerical dissipation used for shock capturing. It is local and can be used in one or more space dimensions. The burn model has a small number of parameters which can be calibrated to fit velocity gauge data from shock initiation experiments.

Menikoff, Ralph S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shaw, Milton S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Growth of pseudomorphic structures through organic epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

The control of molecular orientation in thin solid film phases of organic semiconductors is a basic factor for the exploitation of their physical properties for optoelectronic devices. We compare structural and optical properties of thin films of the organic semiconductor {alpha}-quarterthiophene grown by molecular beam epitaxy on different organic substrates. We show how epitactic interactions, characteristic of the surface of organic crystals, can drive the orientation of the crystalline overlayer and the selection of specific polymorphs and new pseudomorphic phases. We identify a key role in this phenomenon played by the marked groove-like corrugations present in some organic crystal surfaces. Since different polymorphs possess rather different performance in terms of, e.g., charge carrier mobility, this strategy is demonstrated to allow for the growth of oriented phases with enhanced physical properties, while keeping the substrate at room temperature. These results provide useful guidelines for the design of technological substrates for organic epitaxy and they substantiate the adoption of an organic epitaxy approach for the fabrication of optoelectronic devices based on thin films of organic semiconductors.

Kaviyil, Sreejith Embekkat; Sassella, Adele; Borghesi, Alessandro [Department of Materials Science, Universita degli Studi di Milano Bicocca, Via R. Cozzi 53, I-20125 Milan (Italy); Campione, Marcello [Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Universita degli Studi di Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 4, I-20126 Milan (Italy); Su Genbo; He Youping [Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Science, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Chen Chenjia [Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

368

Susceptor for EFG crystal growth apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved susceptor for a crucible/die assembly for growing tubular crystalline structures by the EFG process is provided. The crucible/die assembly comprises a die having a substantially polygonally-shaped top end surface for supporting a film of silicon feed material that is replenished from a melt in the crucible through capillary action. A hollow crystalline body is grown from the film of silicon material on the top end surface of the die. The heat susceptor is made of graphite or similar material, and has a peripheral configuration similar to that of the die. Further, the upper surface of the heat susceptor has a central land and a plurality of circumferentially-spaced upwardly extending projections. The central land thermally contacts a central portion of the lower surface of the crucible/die, and the projections thermally contact the lower surface of the crucible/die at its corners, whereby a temperature distribution is provided that permits growth of hollow bodies having more nearly constant thickness walls.

Menna, Andrew A. (Belmont, MA)

1996-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

369

Strong growth projected for underbalanced drilling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of underbalanced drilling technology should grow steadily during the next decade. The projected growth is primarily driven by increased concern about formation damage, the potential for higher penetration rates, and the ability to reduce lost circulation in depleted reservoirs. The Department of Energy`s Morgantown Energy Technology Center manages a portfolio of drilling-related research, development, and demonstration (RD and D) projects designed to reduce costs and improve efficiencies. The Department of Energy sponsored Maurer Engineering Inc. (MEI) to develop a user-friendly foam drilling model that can accurately predict pressure drops, cuttings lifting velocities, foam quality, and other foam drilling variables. A second objective of the project was to develop a light-weight drilling fluid that would allow underbalanced drilling in low-pressure reservoirs without the limitations commonly associated with existing light-weight fluids. Maurer performed a study to gauge the potential for light-weight drilling fluids and the extent of underbalanced drilling activity in the US. Data from many industry sources, including recent publications on the potential for air drilling, were evaluated and incorporated into this study. This paper discusses the findings from this survey.

Duda, J.R. [Dept. of Energy, Morgantown, WV (United States); Medley, G.H. Jr.; Deskins, W.G. [Maurer Engineering Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

370

Signed enumeration of ribbon tableaux: an approach through growth diagrams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We give an extension of the famous Schensted correspondence to the case of ribbon tableaux, where ribbons are allowed to be of different sizes. This is done by extending Fomin's growth diagram approach of the classical correspondence, in particular by ... Keywords: Garsia---Milne involution principle, Growth diagrams, Murnaghan---Nakayama rule, RSK correspondence, Ribbon tableaux

Dominique Gouyou-Beauchamps; Philippe Nadeau

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Original article Genetic influences on growth and partition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to ruminants (cattle and sheep). fat growth / fat partitioning I fat distribution I chicken Résumé &horbarOriginal article Genetic influences on growth and partition of fat between depots and its September 1990) Summary - Thirty-two Hubbard and 40 Egyptian Fayoumi (dual-purpose) chickens were slaugh

Recanati, Catherine

372

construction and renovation methods emissions due to campus growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

growth power plant and energy distribution renewable energy3 energy conservation initiatives Total campus not connected to Yale power plants1 Main Campus emissions As of fiscal year 2012, Yale reduced its emissions 16 also planning for future growth and development. In 2005,Yale University pledged to reduce its campus

Haller, Gary L.

373

Book ReViews Crystal Growth Technology: From Fundamentals and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book ReViews Crystal Growth Technology: From Fundamentals and Simulation to Large-Scale Production-3-527-31762-2. This book contains 19 selected reviews from the Third International Workshop on Crystal Growth Technology been used with narrower margins, thereby maintaining the same number of pages. This book would

Regel, Liya L.

374

SIMULATION OF EMITTANCE GROWTH IN THE ALS PRE--INJECTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Emittance Growth in the ALS Pre-injector C.R.Kim OctoberOF EMITIANCE GROWTH IN THE ALS PRE-INJECTOR* Charles H. KimOF EMIlTANCE GROWTIIIN TilE ALS PRE-INJECTOR' Charles II.

Kim, C.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Tree image growth analysis using instantaneous phase modulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose the use of Amplitude-Modulation Frequency-Modulation (AM-FM) methods for tree growth analysis. Tree growth is modeled using phase modulation. For adapting AM-FM methods to different images, we introduce the use of fast filterbank filter coefficient ...

Janakiramanan Ramachandran; Marios S. Pattichis; Louis A. Scuderi; Justin S. Baba

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Development policy analysis in mali: sustainable growth prospects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the context of the implementation of the second-generation poverty reduction strategy (CSLP II) in Mali, we investigate the country's development potential, within existing resource constraints. We apply an integrated, resource-based approach to growth, ... Keywords: Mali, growth potential, resource constraints, sustainable development, system dynamics

Matteo Pedercini

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Solubilty and growth kinetics of silver nitrate in ethanol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solubility of silver nitrate in ethanol was determined at various temperatures. The growth kinetics of silver nitrate in ethanol were then determined using initial derivaties of temperature and desupersaturation in a mixed-batch crystallizer. For ... Keywords: ethanol, growth kinetics, initial derivatives, silver nitrate, solubility

M. Manteghian; A. Ebrahimi

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Finance Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas, People and Policy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project[1] Programme of support to the Ministry of Finance to support it to develop policies, structures and financing mechanisms integral to Indonesia's low-carbon growth strategy. References ↑ "Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Indonesia_Low_Carbon_Growth_Project&oldid=407118"

379

Brazil-Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Brazil-Green Growth Strategy Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-Green Growth Strategy Support Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Brazilian Finance Ministry, EMBRAPA, FGV, Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.gggi.org/ Program Start 2010 Country Brazil South America References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 Indonesia 4 References Overview The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) was founded on the belief that

380

Small Enterprise Growth Fund (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Small Enterprise Growth Fund (Maine) Small Enterprise Growth Fund (Maine) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Equity Investment Provider Small Enterprise Growth Fund The Small Enterprise Growth Fund is a professionally-managed venture capital fund that invests in Maine companies which demonstrate high potential for growth and public benefit. The fund has received $13 million in capital contributions from the state and operates as a revolving fund. Companies in nearly any industry are eligible for funding, including seed and early stage companies. On average, $100,000 to $300,000 is invested per

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

EIA-Annual Energy Outlook 2010 - Low Economic Growth Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Main Low Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Table Title Formats Summary Low Economic Growth Case Tables PDF Gif Year-by-Year Low Economic Growth Case Tables Excel Gif Table 1. Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary Excel Gif Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption Excel Gif Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions

382

EIA-Annual Energy Outlook 2010 - High Economic Growth Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Growth Tables (2007-2035) Economic Growth Tables (2007-2035) Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Main High Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Table Title Formats Summary High Economic Growth Case Tables PDF Gif Year-by-Year High Economic Growth Case Tables Excel Gif Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary Excel Gif Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption Excel Gif Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions Excel Gif

383

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-Low Economic Growth Case Projection  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C1 World Total Energy Consumption by Region Table C1. World Total Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table C2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

384

Annual Energy Outlook 2007 - Low Economic Growth Case Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Low Macroeconomic Growth Case Tables (2004-2030) Low Macroeconomic Growth Case Tables (2004-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 MS Excel Viewer Spreadsheets are provided in Excel Low Economic Growth Case Tables (2004-2030) Table Title Formats Summary Low Economic Growth Case Tables Low Economic Growth Case Tables Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions Table 9. Electricity Generating Capacity

385

Growth Rates of Global Energy Systems and Future Outlooks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The world is interconnected and powered by a number of global energy systems using fossil, nuclear, or renewable energy. This study reviews historical time series of energy production and growth for various energy sources. It compiles a theoretical and empirical foundation for understanding the behaviour underlying global energy systems' growth. The most extreme growth rates are found in fossil fuels. The presence of scaling behaviour, i.e. proportionality between growth rate and size, is established. The findings are used to investigate the consistency of several long-range scenarios expecting rapid growth for future energy systems. The validity of such projections is questioned, based on past experience. Finally, it is found that even if new energy systems undergo a rapid 'oil boom'-development-i.e. they mimic the most extreme historical events-their contribution to global energy supply by 2050 will be marginal.

Hoeoek, Mikael, E-mail: Mikael.Hook@fysast.uu.se [Uppsala University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Global Energy Systems (Sweden); Li, Junchen [China University of Petroleum-Beijing, School of Business Administration (China); Johansson, Kersti [Uppsala University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Global Energy Systems (Sweden); Snowden, Simon [University of Liverpool, Management School (United Kingdom)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

String stabilized ribbon growth a method for seeding same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is a method of initiating or seeding the growth of a crystalline or polycrystalline ribbon by the String Stabilized Ribbon Growth Method. The method for seeding the crystal growth comprises contacting a melt surface with a seed and two strings used in edge stabilization. The wetted strings attach to the wetted seed as a result of the freezing of the liquid melt. Upon drawing the seed, which is attached to the strings, away from the melt surface a melt liquid meniscus, a seed junction, and a growth interface forms. Further pulling of the attached seed causes a crystal ribbon to grow at the growth interface. The boundaries of the growing ribbon are: at the top the seed junction, at the bottom the freezing boundary of the melt liquid meniscus, and at the edges frozen-in strings.

Sachs, Emanuel M. (39 Harding Ave., Belmont, MA 02178)

1987-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

387

Observation of Single Colloidal Platinum Nanocrystal Growth Trajectories  

SciTech Connect

It is conventionally assumed that the growth of monodisperse colloidal nanocrystals requires a temporally discrete nucleation followed by monomer attachment onto the existing nuclei. However, recent studies have reported violations of this classical growth model, and have suggested that inter-particle interactions are also involved during the growth. Mechanisms of nanocrystal growth still remain controversial. Using in situ transmission electron microscopy, we show that platinum nanocrystals can grow either by monomer attachment from solution onto the existing particles or by coalescence between the particles. Surprisingly, an initially broad size distribution of the nanocrystals can spontaneously narrow. We suggest that nanocrystals take different pathways of growth based on their size- and morphology-dependent internal energies. These observations are expected to be highly relevant for other nanocrystal systems.

Zheng, Haimei; Smith, Rachel; Jun, Young-wook; Kisielowski, Christian; Dahmen, Ulrich; Alivisatos, A. Paul

2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

388

Methods of preparing flexible photovoltaic devices using epitaxial liftoff, and preserving the integrity of growth substrates used in epitaxial growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is disclosed methods of making photosensitive devices, such as flexible photovoltaic (PV) devices, through the use of epitaxial liftoff. Also described herein are methods of preparing flexible PV devices comprising a structure having a growth substrate, wherein the selective etching of protective layers yields a smooth growth substrate that us suitable for reuse.

Forrest, Stephen R; Zimmerman, Jeramy; Lee, Kyusang; Shiu, Kuen-Ting

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

389

Workshop on nuclear power growth and nonproliferation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is widely viewed that an expansion of nuclear power would have positive energy, economic and environmental benefits for the world. However, there are concerns about the economic competitiveness, safety and proliferation and terrorism risks of nuclear power. The prospects for a dramatic growth in nuclear power will depend on the ability of governments and industry to address these concerns, including the effectiveness of, and the resources devoted to, plans to develop and implement technologies and approaches that strengthen nonproliferation, nuclear materials accountability and nuclear security. In his Prague speech, President Obama stated: 'we should build a new framework for civil nuclear cooperation, including an international fuel bank, so that countries can access peaceful power without increasing the risks of proliferation. That must be the right of every nation that renounces nuclear weapons, especially developing countries embarking on peaceful programs. And no approach will succeed if it's based on the denial of rights to nations that play by the rules. We must harness the power of nuclear energy on behalf of our efforts to combat climate change, and to advance peace opportunity for all people.' How can the President's vision, which will rekindle a vigorous public debate over the future of nuclear power and its relation to proliferation, be realized? What critical issues will frame the reemerging debate? What policies must be put into place to address these issues? Will US policy be marked more by continuity or change? To address these and other questions, the Los Alamos National Laboratory in cooperation with the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars will host a workshop on the future of nuclear power and nonproliferation.

Pilat, Joseph F [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Microsoft PowerPoint - Proceedings Cover Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10,000,000 Affluence Poverty GDP per Capita ( yr person) Japan Bangladesh China Poland Mexico South Korea UK France U.S. Energy Use Directly Linked to Economic Growth 4 All...

391

Social and cultural factors as a determinate of ICT expenditures: an empirical study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information and communication technologies (ICT) have come to hold an important place in strategies for promoting economic growth and development in developing countries. It is known that ICT expenditures as a percent of GDP vary between countries. An ...

Larry Allen; Vivek Natarajan; Donald Price

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Embargoed until presentation at the FRBKC Jackson Hole Symposium After the Fall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the behavior of real GDP (levels and growth rates), unemployment, inflation, bank credit, and real estate prices in a twenty one-year window surrounding selected adverse global and country-specific shocks or events. The episodes

Carmen M. Reinhart; Vincent R. Reinhart; Jel E

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Public Finance Mechanisms to Catalyze Sustainable Energy Sector Growth |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Public Finance Mechanisms to Catalyze Sustainable Energy Sector Growth Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Public Finance Mechanisms to Catalyze Sustainable Energy Sector Growth Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Market analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: www.sefalliance.org/fileadmin/media/base/downloads/SEFI_Public_Finance Public Finance Mechanisms to Catalyze Sustainable Energy Sector Growth Screenshot

394

Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

395

Effect of ozone on growth and assimilate partitioning in parsley  

SciTech Connect

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nym. cv. Banquet) incurred leaf injury, reduced growth, and altered assimilate partitioning after exposures to 20 pphm ozone. Total plant dry weight and root dry weight were decreased 23% and 43% respectively, with little effect on leaves. The relative growth rate of fumigated plants was reduced after the initial ozone exposure but leveled off at a steady state above that of the control plants when plant dry weights reached about 4.5 g. Ozone appeared to have its greatest effect on growth during initial exposures. 15 references, 3 figures, 1 table.

Oshima, R.J.; Bennett, J.P.; Braegelmann, P.K.

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Computer simulation of grain growth with mobile particles  

SciTech Connect

The authors have studied the influence of mobile particles on grain growth kinetics. Three time regimes are evident in the observed coarsening. Initially, most grains grow unhindered by particles, with a growth exponent close to 1/2. As with static impurities, once the mean grain size approaches the average inter-particle separation the microstructure becomes effectively pinned. With mobile impurities, however, the loaded grain boundaries eventually resume their motion. The depinning time is observed to be independent of particle concentration. The observed kinetic behavior, growth exponents, and depinning time are in agreement with a simple theoretical model with different mobilities for boundaries with and without attached particles.

Hassold, G.N. [GMI Engineering and Management Inst., Flint, MI (United States). Dept. of Science and Mathematics] [GMI Engineering and Management Inst., Flint, MI (United States). Dept. of Science and Mathematics; Srolovitz, D.J. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering] [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1995-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

398

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-High Economic Growth Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 > High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) 7 > High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High World Oil Price Case Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table B1. World Total Primary energy consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table B2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

399

Brazil-Low Carbon Growth Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil-Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Brazil-Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Partner United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Energy Efficiency, Forestry Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/filez/pub Country Brazil South America References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "Benefiting from a cooperative process with Brazilian authorities, the study covers four key areas with large potential for low-carbon options in

400

Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Malaysia South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Identifying best practices for supporting broadband growth: Methodology and analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology for identifying best practices followed by various countries worldwide for supporting broadband growth. It also investigates and analyzes these practices using data concerning broadband penetration, access technologies, ... Keywords: Best practices, Broadband, Telecommunications policies

C. Bouras; E. Giannaka; Thrasyvoulos Tsiatsos

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Accelerated Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior of PWA 1480 Single ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3 456. 610. 1520 30. AK . AKrss. MPa v'?! Fig. 10 Fatigue crack growth rate as a function of AKrss and AK. Prediction of the Microscopic Crack Behavior: An ...

403

Shallow Melt Apparatus for Semicontinuous Czochralski Crystal Growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a single crystal pulling apparatus for providing a Czochralski crystal growth process, the improvement of a shallow melt crucible (20) to eliminate the necessity supplying a large quantity of feed stock materials that had to be preloaded in a deep crucible to grow a large ingot, comprising a gas tight container a crucible with a deepened periphery (25) to prevent snapping of a shallow melt and reduce turbulent melt convection; source supply means for adding source material to the semiconductor melt; a double barrier (23) to minimize heat transfer between the deepened periphery (25) and the shallow melt in the growth compartment; offset holes (24) in the double barrier (23) to increase melt travel length between the deepened periphery (25) and the shallow growth compartment; and the interface heater/heat sink (22) to control the interface shape and crystal growth rate.

Wang, T.; Ciszek, T. F.

2006-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

404

Monetary Policy and Economic Growth under Money Illusion ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Empirical and experimental evidence documents that money illusion is persistent and widespread. This paper incorporates money illusion into two stochastic continuous-time monetary models of endogenous growth. Motivated by psychology, we model an agent’s money illusion behavior by assuming that he maximizes nonstandard utility derived from both nominal and real quantities. Money illusion affects an agent’s perception of the growth and riskiness of real wealth and distorts his consumption/savings decisions. It influences long-run growth via this channel. We show that the welfare cost of money illusion is second order, whereas its impact on long-run growth is first order relative to the degree of money illusion. Monetary policy can eliminate this cost by correcting the distortions on a moneyillusioned agent’s consumption/savings decisions.

Jianjun Miao; Danyang Xie; Hongjun Yan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Is Florida's Growth Management Act protecting agricultural lands?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Florida has experienced more population growth over the past half century than any other state, which has led to some of the most extensive urban development on valuable agricultural lands. To address this and other impacts ...

Lloyd, Stephen (Stephen Charles Rhys)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Green Growth and the Efficient Use of Natural Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relatively new concept of "green growth" can be fruitfully connected to concepts and theories in neoclassical economics including market externalities, Ricardian and Hotelling rents, and policies that would correct ...

Reilly, John

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

407

Perturbation Growth and Structure in Uncertain Flows. Part II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Perturbation growth in uncertain systems associated with fluid flow is examined concentrating on deriving, solving, and interpreting equations governing the ensemble mean covariance. Covariance evolution equations are obtained for fluctuating ...

Brian F. Farrell; Petros J. Ioannou

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Economic Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) Economic Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Grant Program Provider New Jersey Economic Development Authority Economic Redevelopment and Growth program (ERG) is an incentive for real estate development projects that have a financing gap, defined as having insufficient revenues to support the project debt service under a standard financing scenario. It can also apply to projects that have a below market development margin or rate of return. The grant is not meant to be a substitute for conventional debt and equity financing, and applicants

409

Meeting National Needs, Creating Opportunities for Growth Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Needs, Creating Opportunities for Growth National Needs, Creating Opportunities for Growth Brookhaven National Laboratory Economic Impact Report This report was prepared by Appleseed, a New York City-based economic development consulting firm that works with government, corporations, and nonprofit institutions to promote economic growth and opportunity. 80 Broad Street 13th Floor New York, NY 10004 www.appleseedinc.com Fiscal Year 2009 Highlights By the numbers... State & Local Impacts National Influence Global Reach $704 Million in economic output generated by Brookhaven Lab and its visitors $573 Million in total funding 5,400 jobs created throughout New York State 3,000 employees, 98% living on Long Island 12% growth in employment from 2006 to 2009 $74.7 Million invested in new facilities and renovations

410

Before the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Growth, Job Creation and Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs - House Committee on Oversight and Governmant Reform Before the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs - House Committee on Oversight and Governmant Reform Written statement of Nicholas Whitcombe, Former Acting Director, Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program Submitted to the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs - House Committee on Oversight and Goverment Reform 4-24-13_Nicholas_Whitcombe FT HOGR More Documents & Publications Before House Subcommittee on Energy and Power and Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - Committee on Energy and Commerce Before the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Before the House Science, Space, and Technology

411

Low dose ionizing radiation induces tumor growth promoting factors in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ionizing radiation induces tumor growth promoting factors in ionizing radiation induces tumor growth promoting factors in stress-induced premature senescent fibroblasts David Boothman University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Abstract Recent evidence suggest that the causes of cancer development are not limited to mutations within cancer cells, but also involve in alterations of cancer microenvironment. Senescent cells are irreversibly growth arrested, but remain metabolically active. Senescent cells, especially senescent fibroblasts in the stroma may provide a beneficial environment for tumor growth through secretion of certain factors. Accumulation of senescent cells in the stroma of patients repeatedly exposed to low doses of IR or low dose rates of IR, could be an important factor, causing alteration of the microenvironment that ultimately benefits tumor

412

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way When applied to plants, Take-Off(tm) speeds crop emergence, increases growth rates and yields, improves stress tolerance and nutrient value, and reduces need for nitrogen fertilizers. April 3, 2012 Farmer in wheat field inspecting wheat Biagro Western offers Take-Off(tm), a metabolic plant stimulant that will allow farmers to increase crop carbon fixation and thereby increase nitrate uptake and nitrogen use efficiency. The new product speeds plants to maturity, allowing the plants to more efficiently assimilate nitrogen by coordinating the nitrogen uptake and photosynthesis processes. Field tests show that Take-Off(tm) reduced nitrogen inputs by 25 to 35 percent.

413

Resource and Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic Growth Fund  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Resource and Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic Resource and Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic Growth Fund Inc. (Manitoba, Canada) Resource and Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic Growth Fund Inc. (Manitoba, Canada) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate $2,000,000 (Canada) Program Info Funding Source Government of Canada, Manitoba Hydro and First Peoples Economic Growth Fund State Manitoba Program Type Loan Program Provider First Peoples Economic Growth Fund Inc. The Resource and Energy Investment Program is intended to provide debt or

414

Vermont Employment Growth Incentive (Vermont) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Employment Growth Incentive (Vermont) Employment Growth Incentive (Vermont) Vermont Employment Growth Incentive (Vermont) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Installer/Contractor Retail Supplier Fuel Distributor Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Performance-Based Incentive Provider Vermont Agency of Commerce and Community Development The purpose of the Employment Growth Incentive (VEGI) is to encourage job creation in Vermont by a Vermont company, a Vermont division of a company that plans to grow and expand in Vermont, a company considering locating a new business or division in Vermont, or a Vermont start-up business

415

Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Philippines South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

416

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.esmap.org/ Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "To facilitate the implementation of the Long-Term Mitigation Scenario developed by the Government of South Africa in 2006, the South Africa study focuses on building capacity for energy efficiency and demand-side

417

Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia - Thailand Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

418

Growth and characterization of ultrathin nitrided silicon oxide films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews recent progress in understanding microstructural and growth-mechanistic aspects of ultrathin (<4 nm) oxynitride films for gate dielectric applications. Different techniques for characterizing these films are summarized. We discuss ...

E. P. Gusev; H.-C. Lu; E. L. Garfunkel; T. Gustafsson; M. L. Green

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Corrosion Fatigue Crack Growth and Stress-Corrosion Cracking in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The high stress ratio (R=0.85) corrosion fatigue crack growth kinetics and stress-corrosion cracking resistance of sensitized (70-175 °C up to ...

420

Epitaxial Growth and Characterization of Silicon Carbide Films  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Silicon carbide (SiC) epitaxial layers have been grown in a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) system designed and fabricated in our laboratory. Silicon tetrachloride-propane as well as silane-propane were used as precursor gases. The hot zone was designed based on simulation by using numerical modeling. Growth rates up to 200 {mu}m could be achieved. A new growth-assisted hydrogen etching was developed to show the distribution of the micropipes present in the substrate. Higher growth rate was observed on off-axis (0 0 0 1) 4 H SiC compared to the on-axis (0 0 0 1) wafer and growth mechanism was explained.

Dhanaraj,G.; Dudley, M.; Chen, Y.; Ragothamachar, B.; Wu, B.; Zhang, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A study of Korean shipbuilders' strategy for sustainable growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to develop potential strategies for Korean shipbuilders for sustainable growth by understanding the characteristics of the shipbuilding industry and the current market situation. Before the financial meltdown ...

Won, Duck Hee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

EIA - Appendix B - High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Appendix...

423

EIA - Appendix C - Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Appendix...

424

Supersaturation and diffusional drop growth in liquid clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The process of collective diffusional growth of droplets in an adiabatic parcel ascending or descending with the constant vertical velocity is analyzed in the frame of the regular condensation approach. Closed equations for the evolution of liquid ...

M. Pinsky; I. P. Mazin; A. Korolev; A. Khain

425

An Alternative Expression for the Eady Wave Growth Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energetics of Eady's (1949) model of baroclinic instability are used to express the wavenumber-dependent disturbance growth rate in terms of upward and northward fluxes of heat and momentum. This formulation leads to simple physical ...

Daniel Keyser; Richard A. Anthes

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Residential Electricity Demand in China -- Can Efficiency Reverse the Growth?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity consumption of 12kWh assuming 2.5 kg per load and 250 cycles per yearelectricity consumption annual growth rates for the three scenarios for every decade, since standards levels are applied every 10 years.

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Asymptotic Cellular Growth Rate as the Effective Information Utilization Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the average asymptotic growth rate of cells in randomly fluctuating environments. Using a game-theoretic perspective, we show that any response strategy has an asymptotic growth rate, which is the sum of: (i) the maximal growth rate at the worst possible distribution of environments, (ii) relative information between the actual distribution of environments to the worst one, and (iii) information utilization rate which is the information rate of the sensory devices minus the "information dissipation rate", the amount of information not utilized by the cell for growth. In non-stationary environments, the optimal strategy is the time average of the instantaneous optimal strategy and the optimal switching times are evenly spaced in the statistical (Fisher) metric.

Pugatch, Rami; Tlusty, Tsvi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Human Capital, the Structure of Production, and Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do high levels of human capital foster economic growth by facilitating technology adoption? If so, countries with more human capital should have adopted more rapidly the skilled-labor augmenting technologies becoming available since the 1970’s. High human capital levels should therefore have translated into fast growth in more compared to less human-capital-intensive industries in the 1980’s. Theories of international specialization point to human capital accumulation as another important determinant of growth in human-capital-intensive industries. Using data for a large sample of countries, we find significant positive effects of human capital levels and human capital accumulation on output and employment growth in human-capital-intensive industries.

Antonio Ciccone; Elias Papaioannou; Luc Laeven; Pablo Fleiss

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Human Drivers of Climate Change: Energy, Economic Growth, and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Human Drivers of Climate Change: Energy, Economic Growth, and Trade Speaker(s): Steve Davis Date: October 1, 2012 - 4:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Ryan...

430

Effects of Deployment Investment on the Growth of the Biofuels...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effects of Deployment Investment on the Growth of the Biofuels Industry Laura J. Vimmerstedt and Brian W. Bush Technical Report NRELTP-6A20-60802 December 2013 NREL is a national...

431

Wind and solar power electric generation to see strong growth...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

by roughly 30 percent in each of the next two years. Even with such strong growth, the amount of solar energy will remain a very small part of the total U.S. electricity supply...

432

The Initial Growth of Disturbances in a Baroclinic Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth of perturbations in a baroclinic flow is examined as an initial value problem. Although the long time asymptotic behavior is dominated by discrete exponentially growing normal modes when they exist, these do not form a complete set and ...

Brian F. Farrell

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Ice Growth from the Vapor at ?5°C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are summarized and illustrated from a long series of experiments on ice growth from the vapor, nearly all in a very small range of conditions: ?5°C, slightly below liquid water saturation, with minimal environmental gradients and no ...

Charles A. Knight

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Hexavalent uranium supports growth of Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans and Geobacter spp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hexavalent uranium supports growth of Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans and Geobacter spp. with lower cultures, there are problems associated with absolute quantification due to the presence of uranium (FRC) near Oak Ridge, TN, and several isolates have recently been obtained from uranium

Löffler, Frank E.

435

Metastable, Single Crystalline Nanopillar Growth of III-V Compounds...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metastable, Single Crystalline Nanopillar Growth of III-V Compounds on Lattice-Mismatched Substrates Speaker(s): Connie Chang-Hasnain Date: February 28, 2012 - 12:00pm Location:...

436

Energy Payback for Energy Systems Ensembles During Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During periods of growth, the energy payback performance of new energy generating technologies deviates substantially from the usual static measures of energy return on investment (EROI), and time to breakeven (tB) for ...

Gutowski, Timothy G.

437

Climate controls on coral growth in the Caribbean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate predictions of Caribbean coral reef responses to global climate change are currently limited by a lack of knowledge of the dominant environmental controls on coral growth. Corals exhibit significant responses to ...

Bosshart, Sara A. (Sara Allison)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Mesoscale Circulation Growth under Conditions of Weak Inertial Instability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hypothesis that inertial instability plays a role in the upscale development of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) is explored by sampling environments that supported the growth of MCSs in the Preliminary Regional Experiment for STORM (...

David O. Blanchard; William R. Cotton; John M. Brown

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Effect of Oxygen Potential on Crack Growth in Alloy 617  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Static crack growth rate increases from 4 x 10-9 m/sec to 4 x 10-8 m/sec when the oxygen concentration decreases from .001 to .0000001 atm. Proceedings ...

440

A Study of Hail Growth Utilizing Observed Storm Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hail growth is studied in the Westplains, Colorado, storm for which a variety of observations were collected. Measurements from a triple-Doppler radar network and a penetrating aircraft are used to synthesize fields of liquid water content and ...

G. Brant Foote

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Accretion of Ice Particles by Rime during Dry Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Freezing nuclei were used as tracers in experiments to determine whether ice particles are accreted by rime during dry growth. Experiments were conducted in a wind tunnel and in natural clouds at a mountaintop observatory. The results in both ...

Terry Deshler

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Graphene Growth by Metal Etching on Ru (0001)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of step etching during graphene growth, such as in Fig. 3,adsorption of water on graphene structures will be describedRu(0001) Figure 5. a b c graphene Ru d Figure 6. Figure 7. a

Loginova, Elena

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Graphene Layer Growth Chemistry: Five-Six-Ring Flip Reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are incorporated into growing graphene layers and hence willGRAPHENE LAYER GROWTH CHEMISTRY: FIVE-SIX-RING FLIP REACTIONon the zigzag edge of a graphene layer. A new reaction

Whitesides, R.; Domin, D.; Salomon-Ferrer, R.; Lester Jr., W.A.; Frenklach, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Growth, metabolic partitioning, and the size of microorganisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Population growth rate is a fundamental ecological and evolutionary characteristic of living organisms, but individuals must balance the metabolism devoted to biosynthesis and reproduction against the maintenance of existing ...

Dutkiewicz, Stephanie

445

Corporate growth and industrial dynamics: evidence from French manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.1080/00036840802400454 #12;applied to UK manufacturing (Hart and Prais, 1956; Clarke, 1979) and also to US (Simon and Bonini' benchmark can be taken as a rough first approximation of firm growth. However, a closer inspection reveals

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

446

The Stochastic Parametric Mechanism for Growth of Wind-Driven Surface Water Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theoretical understanding of the growth of wind-driven surface water waves has been based on two distinct mechanisms: growth due to random atmospheric pressure fluctuations unrelated to wave amplitude and growth due to wave coherent atmospheric ...

Brian F. Farrell; Petros J. Ioannou

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Regulation of mTOR complex 1 in response to growth factors and nutrients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In multicellular organisms, cells ensure the simultaneous availability of growth factors and nutrients before they invest in cellular processes that lead to growth. The TOR kinase is a master regulator of cellular growth ...

Sancak, Yasemin S. (Yasemin Shechner)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Modal and Nonmodal Symmetric Perturbations. Part II: Nonmodal Growths Measured by Total Perturbation Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Maximum nonmodal growths of total perturbation energy are computed for symmetric perturbations constructed from the normal modes presented in Part I. The results show that the maximum nonmodal growths are larger than the energy growth produced by ...

Qin Xu; Ting Lei; Shouting Gao

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Molecular beam epitaxy of SrTiO3 with a growth window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimated MBE growth window for SrTiO 3 in conventional MBEregion shows the growth window for stoichiometric films with4 (color online): Growth window for stoichiometric SrTiO 3

Stemmer, Susanne

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Growth Characteristics in Waterwall Tubes of Supercritical Units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Waterwall tubes in some of the existing fleet of U.S. supercritical steam boilers operating with oxygenated water treatment (OT) are experiencing the growth of duplex oxide scales of similar morphology to those found in the circuitry of steam-touched superheater and reheater tubing. A 2009 EPRI report, Oxide Scale Growth Characteristics in Waterwall Tubes of Supercritical Steam Boilers (1015656), examined the conditions at which these oxides are formed. This report provides information to allow the predi...

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

451

Growth and Characterization of Epitaxial Oxide Thin Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these morphological changes was found to be dependent on a number of factors including deposition rates, flux and energy of bombarding ions, and the average angle of incidence of Glow Discharge Glow Discharge -V (DC) Cathode (Target) Insulation Substrates Anode Vacuum... techniques such as reflected high energy electron diffraction (RHEED) and low energy electron diffraction (LEED) can give valuable information about the initial growth mechanisms and surface structure of the very thin films during growth in an in-situ manner...

Garg, Ashish

452

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

natural gas prices, slow growth in electricity demand, and uncertainty surrounding future environmental regulations

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

KINETICS OF PARTICLE GROWTH IN A FLUIDIZED CALCINER  

SciTech Connect

Fluidized calcination involves the injection of an atomized feed solution containing dissolved solids into a bed of fluidized partioles at elevated temperatures suitable for drying and calcining. The study was conducted in a threeinch diameter fluidized column using aluminum oxide as bed material and aqueous aluminum nitrate solution as feed. Products were removed at regular intervals to maintain a constant bed weight. Particle growth was traced by adding radioactive aluminum oxide seeds of a given size to the starting bed and following their progress as they grew into successively larger sieve fractions. The effects on the growth rate of operating variables and physical properties of the feed were studied, including fluidizing air velocity, atomizing air rate, column temperature, feed concentration, feed rate, and viscosity and surface tension of the feed. For each product using screen analysis and gammacounting data a volume-surface mean diameter of the seedcontaining particles was calculated. Upon statistical analysis a linear relationship between the mean diameter of seed-containing particles and time exhibited very strong correlation, substantiating the hypothesis that particle growth was proportional to its surface area. From this linear relationship the over-all growth constant, equal to the slope, was obtained. Attrition effect of the atomizing air was found statistically to be non-significant. Normal growth far outweighed attrition and for steady-state operation other methods to produce seeds, such as jet or target attrition must be employed to balance normal growth. (auth)

Lee, B.S.

1960-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Development of a Bulk GaN Growth Technique for Low Defect Density...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technique: Electrochemical Solution Growth (ESG) Use salt flow to deliver precursors Increase growth rate through flux of reactants (increase spin rate) Precursors can be...

455

U.S. Carsharing & Station Car Policy Considerations: Monitoring Growth, Trends & Overall Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Opportunities, Trends, and Technologies, Report PressMONITORING GROWTH, TRENDS & OVERALL IMPACTS UCD-ITS-RR-03-12Monitoring Growth, Trends & Overall Impacts Susan A.

Shaheen, Susan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Reconciling Discrepancies in the Observed Growth of Wind-generated Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectra from various wave-growth experiments have been collected into a database, and the data have been reanalyzed to explain the differences in the observed growth rates.

Kimmo K. Kahma; Charles J. Calkoen

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Flushing sprawl down the drain : is TIF an option for Vermont growth center wastewater projects?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In keeping with a long history of striving to preserve its traditional settlement pattern and promote smart growth, Vermont's most recent growth management policies encourage… (more)

Markarian, Molly E. (Molly Elizabeth)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

China and India account for half of global energy growth through ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Strong economic growth leads China and India to more than double their combined energy demand by 2035, accounting for one-half of the world's energy growth according ...

459

Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested ecosystem in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California Title Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested ecosystem in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2006 Authors Lunden, Melissa M., Douglas R. Black, Megan McKay, Kenneth L. Revzan, Allen H. Goldstein, and Nancy J. Brown Journal Aerosol Science and Technology Volume 40 Start Page 373 Issue 5 Pagination 373-388 Date Published 02/2006 ISSN 0278-6826 (Print), 1521-7388 (Online) Abstract Atmospheric aerosols from natural and anthropogenic processes have both primary and secondary origins, and can influence human health, visibility, and climate. One key process affecting atmospheric concentrations of aerosols is the formation of new particles and their subsequent growth to larger particle sizes. A field study was conducted at the Blodgett Forest Research Station in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California from May through September of 2002 to examine the effect of biogenic volatile organic compounds on aerosol formation and processing. The study included in-situ measurements of concentration and biosphere-atmosphere flux of VOCs, ozone, aerosol size distribution, aerosol physical and optical properties, and meteorological variables. Fine particle growth events were observed on approximately 30 percent of the 107 days with complete size distribution data. Average particle growth rates measured during these events were 3.8 ± 1.9 nm hr-1. Correlations between aerosol properties, trace gas concentrations, and meteorological measurements were analyzed to determine conditions conducive to fine particle growth events. Growth events were typically observed on days with a lesser degree of anthropogenic influence, as indicated by lower concentrations of black carbon, carbon monoxide, and total aerosol volume. Days with growth events also had lower temperatures, increased wind speeds, and larger momentum flux. Measurements of ozone concentrations and ozone flux indicate that gas phase oxidation of biogenic volatile organic compounds occur in the canopy, strongly suggesting that a significant portion of the material responsible for the observed particle growth are oxidation products of naturally emitted very reactive organic compounds.

460

Atomistic Simulation of Slow Grain Boundary Motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Existing atomistic simulation techniques to study grain boundary motion are usually limited to either high velocities or temperatures and are difficult to compare to realistic experimental conditions. Here we introduce an ...

Deng, Chuang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gdp growth slows" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Slow Magic Angle Spinning - Available Technologies - PNNL  

The technique has also been successfully used to obtain relatively well-resolved spectral data from the liver and heart of a live mouse.

462

Slope exploration slow but hopes remain high  

SciTech Connect

Alaska North Slope exploratory drilling has been sparse this winter. Attention focused on a pair of ARCO alaska Inc. wildcats in the West Colville high sector west of Kuparuk River oil field and two BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. wildcats in the Badami area at Mikkelson Bay. In both prospects, the drilling effort was to prove up more production that could support commercial development of the respective areas. Though there has been relatively little exploratory drilling this winter, both of the slope`s major producers have indicated they are far from finished with exploration in Alaska. The paper discusses the debate over the use of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, leasing and licensing, the federal leasing outlook, and Russian-US leasing.

NONE

1995-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

463

Conference on Precision Measurements with Slow Neutrons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... by Lauriston S. Taylor, who's Bureau of Standards Handbook 15, entitled X ... have helped answer some of the most fundamental questions in physics ...

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

464

Slow Waveguide Structures for Particle Accelerators  

The beam line is used for basic science investigations as well as for applications ... waveguide structure to support transmission of particles at ...

465

NETL: News Release - Slowing America's Oil Decline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office in Tulsa, OK, selected the first six projects in its PUMP program - a new oil technology transfer initiative that stands for Preferred Upstream Management...

466

Slow Waveguide Structures for Particle Accelerators  

A waveguide design that can save time and money in the construction and tuning ofa particle accelerator was developed by ORNL researchers. Particle ...

467

Slowing leaking electricity to a trickle  

SciTech Connect

Electronics play an increasingly pervasive role in home appliances and office equipment. This is generally a good thing because the electronics help provide new features and amenities. Electronic controls can also reduce energy use by providing the services only when consumers actually need them. On the other hand, these electronic features often continue to consume energy even while switched off or not performing their principal service. The technical term for this phenomenon is ''standby power consumption'' but it has acquired several common names, including ''leaking electricity,'' ''waiting electricity,'' ''free-running power,'' ''off-mode power,'' and ''phantom loads.'' The leaking electricity found in our televisions, VCRs, garage door openers, cordless phones and many other appliances has a surprisingly large impact on the global environment.

Meier, Alan

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

The Lorenz–Krishnamurthy Slow Manifold  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors scale the five-mode model introduced by Lorenz and Krishnamurthy and show how explicit solutions may be obtained in the limit of small Rossby number by using the method of multiple scales. They thus obtain a characterization of the “...

A. C. Fowler; G. Kember

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

'Slow-Blooming Phases' in High Dose  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ab Initio Study of Radiation-Induced Amorphization Mechanisms in SiC and ZrC ... and Irradiation Hardening of Zircaloy during Low Dose Neutron Irradiation at ...

470

Slow Wave Structures for Charged Particle Applications  

of light in free space. This slower wave speed is important for acceleration of charged particles. The special shape of the cross-

471

Dark matter growth and baryon bias in an accelerating universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the exact analytic solutions for the growths of the dark matter and the baryon in sub-horizon scale. The growth of the dark matter $\\delta_{\\DM}$ is related to that of the halos. Thus, the exact solution for the growth of the dark matter is important to obtain the proper properties of dark matter halos. However, the dark energy model dependence of $\\delta_{\\DM}$ is confused with the $\\delta_{\\DM}$ dependence on $\\Omega_{m}^{0}$. Thus, the careful investigation is necessary for the $\\delta_{\\DM}$ dependence on dark energy models. We also obtain the exact solution of the growth of the baryon $\\delta_{\\B}$ which can be used to obtain the baryon bias factor $b(a)$. This might be able to be observed in intracluster gas or in Lyman-$\\alpha$ clouds. However, $b(a)$ is quite model independent. Recently, we obtained the exact analytic solution for the growing mode solution of the matter linear density perturbation $\\delta$ on sub-horizon scale for general dark energy model \\cite{SK}. This solution is not same as the well known approximate analytic solution \\cite{Waga}. The exact analytic solution shows the same evolution behavior of the growth factor obtained numerically. However, the exact solution is simple and useful for the extension to other models including modified gravity theories. Furthermore, it guides to the fact that the growth index parameter depends on both models $\\omega_{\\de}$ and $\\Omega_{m}^{0}$ and thus we need to be careful for applying the fitting formulae to the general models \\cite{WS}. The exact analytic solutions for the growth factor will provide the more accurate tools for the weak lensing, the number density of clusters, their mass and etc.

Seokcheon Lee

2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

472

Comparative study of GaN growth process by MOVPE  

SciTech Connect

A comparative study of two different MOVPE reactors used for GaN growth is presented. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to determine common gas phase and fluid flow behaviors within these reactors. This paper focuses on the common thermal fluid features of these two MOVPE reactors with different geometries and operating pressures that can grow device-quality GaN-based materials. The study clearly shows that several growth conditions must be achieved in order to grow high quality GaN materials. The high-temperature gas flow zone must be limited to a very thin flow sheet above the susceptor, while the bulk gas phase temperature must be very low to prevent extensive pre-deposition reactions. These conditions lead to higher growth rates and improved material quality. A certain range of gas flow velocity inside the high-temperature gas flow zone is also required in order to minimize the residence time and improve the growth uniformity. These conditions can be achieved by the use of either a novel reactor structure such as a two-flow approach or by specific flow conditions. The quantitative ranges of flow velocities, gas phase temperature, and residence time required in these reactors to achieve high quality material and uniform growth are given.

Sun, J.; Redwing, J.M.; Kuech, T.F.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience Agency/Company /Organization: Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Sector: Climate Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, People and Policy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Resource Type: Case studies/examples Website: www.gggi.org/sites/www.gggi.org/files/research/GreenGrowthInMotion.pdf Country: South Korea Cost: Free Eastern Asia Coordinates: 35.907757°, 127.766922° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.907757,"lon":127.766922,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

474

Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria for Phytostabilization of Mine Tailings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eolian dispersion of mine tailings in arid and semiarid environments is an emerging global issue for which economical remediation alternatives are needed. Phytostabilization, the revegetation of these sites with native plants, is one such alternative. Revegetation often requires the addition of bulky amendments such as compost which greatly increases cost. We report the use of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) to enhance the revegetation of mine tailings and minimize the need for compost amendment. Twenty promising PGPB isolates were used as seed inoculants in a series of greenhouse studies to examine revegetation of an extremely acidic, high metal content tailings sample previously shown to require 15% compost amendment for normal plant growth. Several isolates significantly enhanced growth of two native species, quailbush and buffalo grass, in tailings. In this study, PGPB/compost outcomes were plant specific; for quailbush, PGPB were most effective in combination with 10% compost addition while for buffalo grass, PGPB enhanced growth in the complete absence of compost. Results indicate that selected PGPB can improve plant establishment and reduce the need for compost amendment. Further, PGPB activities necessary for aiding plant growth in mine tailings likely include tolerance to acidic pH and metals.

Grandlic, C.J.; Mendez, M.O.; Chorover, J.; Machado, B.; Maier, R.M.

2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

475

Entanglement growth in quench dynamics with variable range interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studying entanglement growth in quantum dynamics provides both insight into the underlying microscopic processes and information about the complexity of the quantum states, which is related to the efficiency of simulations on classical computers. Recently, experiments with trapped ions, polar molecules, and Rydberg excitations have provided new opportunities to observe dynamics with long-range interactions. We explore nonequilibrium coherent dynamics after a quantum quench in such systems, identifying qualitatively different behavior as the exponent of algebraically decaying spin-spin interactions in a transverse Ising chain is varied. Computing the build-up of bipartite entanglement as well as mutual information between distant spins, we identify linear growth of entanglement entropy corresponding to propagation of quasiparticles for shorter range interactions, with the maximum rate of growth occurring when the Hamiltonian parameters match those for the quantum phase transition. Counter-intuitively, the growth of bipartite entanglement for long-range interactions is only logarithmic for most regimes, i.e., substantially slower than for shorter range interactions. Experiments with trapped ions allow for the realization of this system with a tunable interaction range, and we show that the different phenomena are robust for finite system sizes and in the presence of noise. These results can act as a direct guide for the generation of large-scale entanglement in such experiments, towards a regime where the entanglement growth can render existing classical simulations inefficient.

J. Schachenmayer; B. P. Lanyon; C. F. Roos; A. J. Daley

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

476

Selective growth experiments on gallium arsenide (100) surfaces patterned using UV-nanoimprint lithography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a nanoimprint lithography (NIL) process and subsequent solid-source molecular beam epitaxy (SSMBE) growth of III-V semiconductors on patterned substrates. In particular, growth of GaAs, GaInAs, and GaInP, and effects of growth temperature ... Keywords: Molecular beam epitaxy, Nanoimprint lithography, Patterned substrates, Selective growth

A. Tukiainen; J. Viheriälä; T. Niemi; T. Rytkönen; J. Kontio; M. Pessa

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power plant projects, which, given provincial governments’ incentives to promote local economic growth,

Kahrl, Fredrich James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Structural Factorization of Plants to Compute Their Functional and Architectural Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulation of plant growth has been facing a bottleneck due to the cumbersome computation implied by the complex plant topological structure. In this article, the authors present a new mathematical model for plant growth, GreenLab, overcoming ... Keywords: GreenLab, Plant growth simulation, functional structural plant models, growth operator, structural factorization

Paul-Henry Cournède; Meng-Zhen Kang; Amélie Mathieu; Jean-François Barczi; Hong-Pin Yan; Bao-Gang Hu; Philippe De Reffye

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

OECD-Fostering Innovation for Green Growth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OECD-Fostering Innovation for Green Growth OECD-Fostering Innovation for Green Growth Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: OECD-Fostering Innovation for Green Growth Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Topics: Low emission development planning, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Publications, Technical report Website: www.oecd.org/document/3/0,3746,en_2649_37465_48593219_1_1_1_37465,00.h Cost: Free Language: English "This book draws on work from across several parts of the OECD and explores policy actions for the deployment of new technologies and innovations as they emerge: investment in research and development, support for commercialisation, strengthening markets and fostering technology

480

Technology Transfer: Triggering New Global Markets and Job Growth |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Transfer: Triggering New Global Markets and Job Growth Technology Transfer: Triggering New Global Markets and Job Growth Technology Transfer: Triggering New Global Markets and Job Growth September 20, 2011 - 11:33am Addthis The Global Positioning System (GPS) was initially a government technology developed to guide nuclear missiles, and is one of the many examples of the economic potential of successful technology transfer -- the now worldwide location technologies market is projected to grow to $75 billion by 2013. The Global Positioning System (GPS) was initially a government technology developed to guide nuclear missiles, and is one of the many examples of the economic potential of successful technology transfer -- the now worldwide location technologies market is projected to grow to $75 billion by 2013.

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481

Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund Loans | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund Loans Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund Loans Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund Loans < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Construction Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Maximum Rebate Maximum Loan: $2 million (1:1 cash match required from non-state grants, deeply subordinated debt or equity) Performance Grant Conversion (end of loan term): up to 50% of loan amount Program Info Funding Source New Jersey Societal Benefits Charge (public benefits fund) Start Date 05/23/2011 State New Jersey Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount Varies; loans from $250,000 - $2 million available

482

Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Partner Ghana Energy Commission, Tokornoo and Associates, STEPRI, Kumasi Institute of Technology and Environment (KITE) Sector Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ecn.nl/fileadmin/ec Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Ghana Western Africa References Low Carbon Development in Ghana, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs [1] Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) curve, ECN Ghana Policy Briefs[2]

483

EM Sees Growth Across Complex in Partnering Agreements with Contractors |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sees Growth Across Complex in Partnering Agreements with Sees Growth Across Complex in Partnering Agreements with Contractors EM Sees Growth Across Complex in Partnering Agreements with Contractors May 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Representatives of DOE Savannah River Operations Office and liquid waste contractor Savannah River Remediation sign the next generation partnering agreement. Representatives of DOE Savannah River Operations Office and liquid waste contractor Savannah River Remediation sign the next generation partnering agreement. AIKEN, S.C. - DOE Savannah River Operations Office Manager Dave Moody views the partnering relationship between his office and liquid waste contractor Savannah River Remediation (SRR) as an opportunity to view cleanup work from each other's point of view. "While both DOE and SRR continue to work well together, the partnering

484

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: All Modular Industry Growth Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

All Modular Industry Growth Assessment (AMIGA) Model All Modular Industry Growth Assessment (AMIGA) Model Project Summary Full Title: All Modular Industry Growth Assessment (AMIGA) Model Project ID: 139 Principal Investigator: Donald Hanson Purpose A comprehensive economic model of energy markets, primarily used to simulate a wide range of technology and policy issues. Performer Principal Investigator: Donald Hanson Organization: Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) Address: 9700 S. Cass Ave. Argonne, IL 60439 Telephone: 630-252-5061 Email: dhanson@anl.gov Additional Performers: Peter Balash, NETL; John Marano, NETL Sponsor(s) Name: Peter Balash Organization: National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Telephone: 412-386-5753 Email: Peter.Balash@NETL.DOE.GOV Period of Performance Start: January 2001 Project Description

485

EM Sees Growth Across Complex in Partnering Agreements with Contractors |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EM Sees Growth Across Complex in Partnering Agreements with EM Sees Growth Across Complex in Partnering Agreements with Contractors EM Sees Growth Across Complex in Partnering Agreements with Contractors May 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Representatives of DOE Savannah River Operations Office and liquid waste contractor Savannah River Remediation sign the next generation partnering agreement. Representatives of DOE Savannah River Operations Office and liquid waste contractor Savannah River Remediation sign the next generation partnering agreement. AIKEN, S.C. - DOE Savannah River Operations Office Manager Dave Moody views the partnering relationship between his office and liquid waste contractor Savannah River Remediation (SRR) as an opportunity to view cleanup work from each other's point of view. "While both DOE and SRR continue to work well together, the partnering

486

Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund (New Jersey) Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund (New Jersey) Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Program Info Funding Source Public Benefit Fund State New Jersey Program Type Loan Program Provider New Jersey Economic Development Authority The EIGGF offers loans up to $2 million with a performance grant component to support technology companies with Class I renewable energy or energy efficiency products or systems that have achieved "proof of concept" and successful independent beta results, have begun generating commercial revenues, and will receive 1:1 match funding by time of loan closing. Photovoltaic, solar, wind energy, renewably fueled fuel cells, wave, tidal,

487

Unlocking Growth Opportunities for Minority Businesses Through Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unlocking Growth Opportunities for Minority Businesses Through Unlocking Growth Opportunities for Minority Businesses Through Technology Transfer Unlocking Growth Opportunities for Minority Businesses Through Technology Transfer December 6, 2013 - 9:38am Addthis Chris Ford Technical Advisor to the Director Office of Economic Impact and Diversity This week the country celebrates Minority Enterprise Development Week, recognizing the minority-owned firms who are pumping over one trillion dollars into our economy each year and employing nearly six million Americans. The Office of Economic Impact and Diversity is working to empower minority entrepreneurs by connecting them with technology transfer opportunities, cutting red tape and sharing resources for minority owned businesses interested in working with our nation's crown jewels of innovation, the

488

Fun Fact Friday: Fueling Growth | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fun Fact Friday: Fueling Growth Fun Fact Friday: Fueling Growth Fun Fact Friday: Fueling Growth January 3, 2014 - 1:53pm Addthis Fuel cells, which work like batteries but don’t run down or need recharging, are ideal for powering material handling equipment, like forklifts and airport baggage carts, because they reduce recharging time and cut carbon pollution. Recent Energy Department reports indicate the fuel cell and hydrogen industry is continuing to grow. | Photo courtesy of Plug Power, Inc. Fuel cells, which work like batteries but don't run down or need recharging, are ideal for powering material handling equipment, like forklifts and airport baggage carts, because they reduce recharging time and cut carbon pollution. Recent Energy Department reports indicate the fuel cell and hydrogen industry is continuing to grow. | Photo courtesy of

489

Innovation Ecosystems Spur Rapid Growth for Startups, Entrepreneurs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovation Ecosystems Spur Rapid Growth for Startups, Entrepreneurs Innovation Ecosystems Spur Rapid Growth for Startups, Entrepreneurs Innovation Ecosystems Spur Rapid Growth for Startups, Entrepreneurs September 14, 2011 - 4:22pm Addthis Rich Earley, CEO of Clean Urban Energy presents at Clean Energy Trust's Clean Energy Challenge in March 2011 | Courtesy of Clean Energy Trust Rich Earley, CEO of Clean Urban Energy presents at Clean Energy Trust's Clean Energy Challenge in March 2011 | Courtesy of Clean Energy Trust Sarah Jane Maxted Special Assistant, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this project do? Smart grid start-up company Clean Urban Energy secured $75,000 for its energy storage and smart grid performance optimization technology. Their system harnesses a building's inherent thermal mass to drive

490

Interface limited growth of heterogeneously nucleated ice in supercooled water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heterogeneous ice growth exhibits a maximum in freezing rate arising from the competition between kinetics and the thermodynamic driving force between the solid and liquid states. Here, we use molecular dynamics simulations to elucidate the atomistic details of this competition, focusing on water properties in the interfacial region along the secondary prismatic direction. The crystal growth velocity is maximized when the efficiency of converting interfacial water molecules to ice, collectively known as the attachment kinetics, is greatest. We find water molecules that contact the intermediate ice layer in concave regions along the atomistically roughened surface are more likely to freeze directly. The increased roughening of the solid surface at large undercoolings consequently plays an important limiting role on the rate of ice growth, as water molecules are unable to integrate into increasingly deeper surface pockets. These results provide insights into the molecular mechanisms for self-assembly of solid phases that are important in many biological and atmospheric processes.

Razvan A. Nistor; Thomas E. Markland; B. J. Berne

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

491

Procurement, Innovation and Green Growth: The story continues...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Foreword by the Hon. Ida Auken, Minister for the Environment, Denmark Foreword by the Hon. Ida Auken, Minister for the Environment, Denmark Procurement, Innovation and Green Growth 2 Partnership for Procurement and Green Growth members: www.iisd.org/pgg In partnership with: Procurement, Innovation and Green Growth: The story continues... © 2012 The International Institute for Sustainable Development Published by the International Institute for Sustainable Development. ISBN: 978-1-894784-60-3 International Institute for Sustainable Development The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) contributes to sustainable development by advancing policy recommendations on international trade and investment, economic policy, climate change and energy, and management of natural and social capital, as well as the enabling role of communication technologies in these

492

Investigating the Effect of Seasonal Plant Growth and Development in Three-Dimensional Atmospheric Simulations. Part II: Atmospheric Response to Crop Growth and Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors examine the effect of seasonal crop development and growth on the atmospheric boundary layer in the warm season over the central Great Plains region of North America. They introduced daily crop development and growth functions into ...

Elena A. Tsvetsinskaya; Linda O. Mearns; William E. Easterling

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

III-V Growth on Silicon Toward a Multijunction Cell  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A III-V on Si multijunction solar cell promises high efficiency at relatively low cost. The challenges to epitaxial growth of high-quality III-Vs on Si, though, are extensive. Lattice-matched (LM) dilute-nitride GaNPAs solar cells have been grown on Si, but their performance is limited by defects related to the nitrogen. Advances in the growth of lattice-mismatched (LMM) materials make more traditional III-Vs, such as GaInP and GaAsP, very attractive for use in multijunction solar cells on silicon.

Geisz, J.; Olson, J.; McMahon, W.; Friedman, D.; Kibbler, A.; Kramer, C.; Young, M.; Duda, A.; Ward, S.; Ptak, A.; Kurtz, S.; Wanlass, M.; Ahrenkiel, P.; Jiang, C. S.; Moutinho, H.; Norman, A.; Jones, K.; Romero, M.; Reedy, B.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Effects of catalyst pretreatment for carbon nanotube growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of pretreatment of iron catalyst for carbon nanotube (CNT) growth was studied. CNTs were grown on Fe/A1203 (1/10 nm) thin-film catalyst deposited on silicon substrates via exposure to C2H4 in a thermal chemical ...

Morgan, Caitlin D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Multiobjective hierarchical control architecture for greenhouse crop growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of determining the trajectories to control greenhouse crop growth has traditionally been solved by using constrained optimization or applying artificial intelligence techniques. The economic profit has been used as the main criterion in most ... Keywords: Agriculture, Hierarchical systems, Optimization methods, Process control, Yield optimization

A. Ramírez-Arias; F. Rodríguez; J. L. Guzmán; M. Berenguel

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

A computational study of the time dependent crack growth process  

SciTech Connect

Universal studies of creep crack growth for (1) constant load and (2) variable load cases are presented. Results of the constant load cases is compared to experiment. The behavior of displacements and integral creep for fracture parameters are discussed for both load cases. The need for using a constitutive law which can handle cyclic creep is discussed.

Brust, F.W.; Krishnaswamy, P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Green Growth e-Learning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Growth e-Learning Green Growth e-Learning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Green Growth e-Learning Agency/Company /Organization: Green Growth Best Practice Initiative (GGBPI) Focus Area: Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use, People and Policy Resource Type: Training materials User Interface: Website Website: www.greengrowth-elearning.org/lms/ Cost: Free Coordinates: -65.658274519827°, -116.71875° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-65.658274519827,"lon":-116.71875,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

498

The pattern of growth in viable f(R) cosmologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the evolution of linear perturbations in metric f(R) models of gravity and identify a potentially observable characteristic scale-dependent pattern in the behavior of cosmological structures. While at the background level viable f(R) models must closely mimic LCDM, the differences in their prediction for the growth of large scale structures can be sufficiently large to be seen with future weak lensing surveys. While working in the Jordan frame, we perform an analytical study of the growth of structures in the Einstein frame, demonstrating the equivalence of the dynamics in the two frames. We also provide a physical interpretation of the results in terms of the dynamics of an effective dark energy fluid with a non-zero shear. We find that the growth of structure in f(R) is enhanced, but that there are no small scale instabilities associated with the additional attractive "fifth force". We then briefly consider some recently proposed observational tests of modified gravity and their utility for detecting the f(R) pattern of structure growth.

Levon Pogosian; Alessandra Silvestri

2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

499

Total factor productivity growth in Uganda's telecommunications industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The telecommunication sector is usually thought to be characterized by high productivity growth rates arising from increasing returns to scale. The actual productivity patterns in the sector, however, need to be empirically determined. A panel data set ... Keywords: Data envelopment analysis, Malmquist, Telecommunications, Total factor productivity

Eria Hisali; Bruno Yawe

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Constraining Galileon gravity from observational data with growth rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We studied the cosmological constraints on the Galileon gravity obtained from observational data of the growth rate of matter density perturbations, the supernovae Ia (SN Ia), the cosmic microwave background (CMB), and baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO). For the same value of the energy density parameter of matter $\\Omega_{m,0}$, the growth rate $f$ in Galileon models is enhanced, relative to the $\\Lambda$CDM case, because of an increase in Newton's constant. The smaller $\\Omega_{m,0}$ is, the more growth rate is suppressed. Therefore, the best fit value of $\\Omega_{m,0}$ in the Galileon model, based only the growth rate data, is quite small. This is incompatible with the value of $\\Omega_{m,0}$ obtained from the combination of SN Ia, CMB, and BAO data. On the other hand, in the $\\Lambda$CDM model, the values of $\\Omega_{m,0}$ obtained from different observational data sets are consistent. In the analysis of this paper, we found that the Galileon model is less compatible with observations than the $\\Lambda$CDM model. This result seems to be qualitatively the same in most of the generalized Galileon models in which Newton's constant is enhanced.

Koichi Hirano; Zen Komiya; Hisato Shirai

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z