National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for gathers energy characteristics

  1. Distributed Minimum Energy Data Gathering and Aggregation in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Ben

    Distributed Minimum Energy Data Gathering and Aggregation in Sensor Networks Kevin Yuen, Baochun Li-- In this paper, we propose an effective distributed algorithm to solve the minimum energy data gathering (MEDG input packets into a single output packet. To achieve minimum energy data gathering, the optimal trans

  2. Energy-Efficient Data Gathering in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardei, Mihaela

    such that each set cover monitors all targets and is connected to at least one supernode. A sensor can operations, surveillance, area/target monitoring, and many more. In this paper, we study data gathering lifetime is to organize the sensor nodes into a number of set covers such that all targets are monitored

  3. Topic Area 2: Data Gathering and Analysis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open EnergyTinoxOpenStatutesTontogany, Ohio:ToombsTopic Area

  4. Delay-Tolerant Data Gathering in Energy Harvesting Sensor Networks With a Mobile Sink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Weifa

    Delay-Tolerant Data Gathering in Energy Harvesting Sensor Networks With a Mobile Sink Xiaojiang Ren collection in an energy harvesting sensor network with a mobile sink, where a mobile sink travels along, this is the first kind of work of data collection for energy harvesting sensor networks with mobile sinks. I

  5. DOE, Contractors Gather Food for Less Fortunate | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratory | version of the Frequently AskedResearch Projects

  6. Designing an Energy Efficient Framework for Data Gathering in Wireless Sensor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Subhabrata; Bhattacharyya, Abhishek; Naskar, Mrinal K; Mukherjee, Amitava

    2012-01-01

    Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a collection of nodes which can communicate with each other without any prior infrastructure along with the ability to collect data autonomously and effectively after being deployed in an ad-hoc fashion to monitor a given area. One major problem encountered in data gathering wireless systems is to obtain an optimal balance among the number of nodes deployed, energy efficiency and lifetime as energy of nodes cannot be replenished. In this paper we propose first a scheme to estimate the number of nodes to be deployed in a WSN for a predetermined lifetime so that total energy utilization and complete connectivity are ensured under all circumstances. This scheme also guarantees that during each data gathering cycle, every node dissipates the requisite amount of energy, which thus minimizes the number of nodes required to achieve the desired network lifetime. Second, this paper has proposed a framework to conduct data gathering in WSN. Extensive simulations have been carried out in...

  7. Topical Lunch Summary, May 28, 2013 Integrated Building Energy Efficiency The Integrated Building Energy Efficiency topical lunch gathered 30 participants, about 50%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Topical Lunch Summary, May 28, 2013 ­ Integrated Building Energy Efficiency The Integrated Building on building energy efficiency at Cornell. Several potential collaborations were discussed. One highlight Energy Efficiency topical lunch gathered 30 participants, about 50% faculty/researchers, 40% facilities

  8. RESIDENTIAL VENTILATION AND ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    best available data, the energy liability as- sociated with providing the current levels of ventilationRESIDENTIAL VENTILATION AND ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS* Max Sherman Nance Matson Energy Performance of Buildings Group Energy and Environment Division Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory University of California

  9. Probabilistic Web Image Gathering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanai, Keiji

    1 Probabilistic Web Image Gathering 1. Objective & background 2. Related work 3. Method 4, JAPAN (UEC) (Long-term) Objective of our Web Image Gathering Gather several hundreds of images associated with one concept from the Web without human intervention It's not image search. Non

  10. 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim 1wileyonlinelibrary.com collection, wind energy gathering, and so

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    , wind energy gathering, and so on.[3­5] Meanwhile, by utilizing the uni- versal availability of tribo-electricity, this energy generation technique was also applied for designing various self-powered sensor devices, such as motion detectors, skin sensor, liquid sensor, and so on.[6­8] Generally speaking, the mainstreams

  11. Gathering Correlated Data in Sensor Networks Pascal von Rickenbach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    yields a minimum-energy data gathering topology in O n3 time. We also consider self-coding for which energy data should be already processed as it flows from the information source to the sink. This tech

  12. ARM - Data Gathering and Delivery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of rare Kaonforsupernovae2Gathering and Delivery Data Gathering and Delivery

  13. Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenblatt, Jeffery

    2013-01-01

    of RECS annual energy consumption data with a UAF functionGather as much field energy consumption data as possible 2.field energy consumption from RECS data Standard-size

  14. White House Tribal Youth Gathering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The White House will host the first-ever White House Tribal Youth Gathering to provide American Indian and Alaska Native youth from across the country the opportunity to interact directly with senior Administration officials and the White House Council on Native American Affairs. Registration is due May 8, 2015.

  15. Autonomous Energy Transducer: Proposition, Example, Basic Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naoko Nakagawa; Kunihiko Kaneko

    2003-09-22

    We propose a concept of autonomous energy transducer at a molecular scale, where output is produced with small input energy, of the same order of the thermal energy, without restriction of magnitude or timing of input, and without any control after the input. As an example that satisfies these requisites, a dynamical systems model with several degrees of freedom is proposed, which transduces input energy to output motion on the average. It is shown that this transduction is robust and the coupling between the input and output is generally loose. How this transducer works is analyzed in terms of dynamical systems theory, where chaotic dynamics of the internal degrees of freedom, as well as duration of active state which is self-organized with the energy flow, is essential. We also discuss possible relationships to enzyme dynamics or protein motors.

  16. Gateway Design for Data Gathering Sensor Raluca Musaloiu-E.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    such a gateway requires special energy sources, such as rechargeable batteries coupled with solar panels@cs.jhu.edu Abstract--Innovation in gateways for data gathering sensor networks has lagged compared to advances in mote investigate mechanisms to minimize energy consumption at the gateway including completely powering it off

  17. Wave energy attenuation and shoreline alteration characteristics of submerged breakwaters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krafft, Katherine Margaret

    1993-01-01

    WAVE ENERGY ATTENUATION AND SHORELINE ALTERATION CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBMERGED BREAKWATERS A Thesis by KATHERINE MARGARET KRAFFT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering WAVE ENERGY ATTENUATION AND SHORELINE ALTERATION CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBMERGED BREAKWATERS A Thesis by KATHERINE MARGARET KRAFFT Approved as to style and content by: John...

  18. Characteristics of Strong Programs | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a lCaribElectricSouthApplying caulkChapter 9

  19. Crude Oil Characteristics Research | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle (PEV)Day-June2012environment 3D printerDOE Office of

  20. Gathering Text Entry Metrics on Android Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKenzie, Scott

    Gathering Text Entry Metrics on Android Devices Abstract We developed an application to gather text entry speed and accuracy metrics on Android devices. This paper details the features of the application, Android OS ACM Classification Keywords H.5.2 Information interfaces and presentation (e.g., HCI): User

  1. Energy loss characteristics of heavy ions in nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon, hydrocarbon gases and tradescantia tissue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennis, J A

    1971-01-01

    Energy loss characteristics of heavy ions in nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon, hydrocarbon gases and tradescantia tissue

  2. Decision uncertainty minimization and autonomous information gathering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, Lawrence A. M

    2013-01-01

    Over the past several decades, technologies for remote sensing and exploration have become increasingly powerful but continue to face limitations in the areas of information gathering and analysis. These limitations affect ...

  3. The Impact of Urban Form and Housing Characteristics on Residential Energy Use 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jong Yon

    2012-11-29

    characteristics and the energy use that result from residential electricity and fuel use. Ordinary least squares regression methods are used to measure the correlations between energy consumption and variables describing housing and urban form characteristics...

  4. Method for gathering and summarizing internet information

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Potok, Thomas E.; Elmore, Mark Thomas; Reed, Joel Wesley; Treadwell, Jim N.; Samatova, Nagiza Faridovna

    2010-04-06

    A computer method of gathering and summarizing large amounts of information comprises collecting information from a plurality of information sources (14, 51) according to respective maps (52) of the information sources (14), converting the collected information from a storage format to XML-language documents (26, 53) and storing the XML-language documents in a storage medium, searching for documents (55) according to a search query (13) having at least one term and identifying the documents (26) found in the search, and displaying the documents as nodes (33) of a tree structure (32) having links (34) and nodes (33) so as to indicate similarity of the documents to each other.

  5. Method for gathering and summarizing internet information

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Potok, Thomas E [Oak Ridge, TN; Elmore, Mark Thomas [Oak Ridge, TN; Reed, Joel Wesley [Knoxville, TN; Treadwell, Jim N; Samatova, Nagiza Faridovna [Oak Ridge, TN

    2008-01-01

    A computer method of gathering and summarizing large amounts of information comprises collecting information from a plurality of information sources (14, 51) according to respective maps (52) of the information sources (14), converting the collected information from a storage format to XML-language documents (26, 53) and storing the XML-language documents in a storage medium, searching for documents (55) according to a search query (13) having at least one term and identifying the documents (26) found in the search, and displaying the documents as nodes (33) of a tree structure (32) having links (34) and nodes (33) so as to indicate similarity of the documents to each other.

  6. System for gathering and summarizing internet information

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Potok, Thomas E.; Elmore, Mark Thomas; Reed, Joel Wesley; Treadwell, Jim N.; Samatova, Nagiza Faridovna

    2006-07-04

    A computer method of gathering and summarizing large amounts of information comprises collecting information from a plurality of information sources (14, 51) according to respective maps (52) of the information sources (14), converting the collected information from a storage format to XML-language documents (26, 53) and storing the XML-language documents in a storage medium, searching for documents (55) according to a search query (13) having at least one term and identifying the documents (26) found in the search, and displaying the documents as nodes (33) of a tree structure (32) having links (34) and nodes (33) so as to indicate similarity of the documents to each other.

  7. On the Impact of Energy Dissipation Model on Characteristic Distance in Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, Ashraf

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the dependency of characteristic distance on energy dissipation model. Both the many-to-one and any-to-any communication paradigm have been presented for performance analysis. Characteristic distance has been derived for three different cases. This study will be useful for designing an energy-efficient wireless network where nodes are energy-constrained.

  8. The energy distribution structure and dynamic characteristics of energy release in electrostatic discharge process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Qingming; Zhang, Yunming

    2015-01-01

    The detail structure of energy output and the dynamic characteristics of electric spark discharge process have been studied to calculate the energy of electric spark induced plasma under different discharge condition accurately. A series of electric spark discharge experiments were conducted with the capacitor stored energy in the range of 10J 100J and 1000J respectively. And the resistance of wire, switch and plasma between electrodes were evaluated by different methods. An optimized method for electric resistance evaluation of the full discharge circuit, three poles switch and electric spark induced plasma during the discharge process was put forward. The electric energy consumed by wire, electric switch and electric spark induced plasma between electrodes were obtained by Joules law. The structure of energy distribution and the dynamic process of energy release during the capacitor discharge process have been studied. Experiments results showed that, with the increase of capacitor released energy, the dura...

  9. Dozer: Ultra-Low Power Data Gathering in Sensor Networks Nicolas Burri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maróti, Miklós

    or solar cells, energy efficiency is a fundamental requisite for prolonged network lifetime. All sensor- mit data from all nodes in a possibly large area to the data sink. Energy-efficient data exchangeDozer: Ultra-Low Power Data Gathering in Sensor Networks Nicolas Burri Computer Engineering

  10. A look at commercial buildings in 1995: Characteristics, energy consumption, and energy expenditures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-10-01

    The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of facilities that would not be considered commercial in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with different types of buildings is the clearest way to evaluate commercial sector energy use. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is a national-level sample survey of commercial buildings and their energy suppliers conducted quadrennially (previously triennially) by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The target population for the 1995 CBECS consisted of all commercial buildings in the US with more than 1,000 square feet of floorspace. Decision makers, businesses, and other organizations that are concerned with the use of energy--building owners and managers, regulators, legislative bodies and executive agencies at all levels of government, utilities and other energy suppliers--are confronted with a buildings sector that is complex. Data on major characteristics (e.g., type of building, size, year constructed, location) collected from the buildings, along with the amount and types of energy the buildings consume, help answer fundamental questions about the use of energy in commercial buildings.

  11. Characteristics of the Department of Energy's Building Inventory 2005-2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loper, Susan A.; Sandusky, William F.

    2012-02-01

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) as part of their on-going support to the Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) was asked to analyze special building data for an agency to gain a better understanding of the portfolio characteristics to help better shape implementation of their alternative financing activities. This report provides information for one agency, Department of Energy (DOE), and how those characteristics have changed over time.

  12. A Distributed Problem Solving Approach to Cooperative Information Gathering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Distributed Problem Solving Approach to Cooperative Information Gathering Tim Oates, M. V heterogeneous sources. This paper draws upon a long history of thought in Distributed Problem Solving (DPS should be inferred. Problem Solving: The task of information gathering in a distributed setting can

  13. A Distributed Problem Solving Approach to Cooperative Information Gathering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    A Distributed Problem Solving Approach to Cooperative Information Gathering Tim Oates, M. V in Distributed Problem Solving (DPS) to present a model of this type of cooperative information ac­ quisition and no official endorsement should be inferred. Problem Solving: The task of information gathering

  14. Influence of System Characteristics and Scheduling Patterns on Commuter Rail Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    regarded as an effective transportation alternative to reduce energy consumption and emissions in large rail mode. However, operating energy efficiency varies with many factors such as vehicle type, traction1 Influence of System Characteristics and Scheduling Patterns on Commuter Rail Energy Efficiency

  15. Energy Department Addresses Largest Gathering of Geothermal Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to commercial readiness, including conventional hydrothermal technology and Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) - which significantly expands conventional hydrothermal resources by...

  16. Energy Department Addresses Largest Gathering of Geothermal Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015 Infographic courtesy of the White House.ChristopherWindStakeholders |

  17. Survey of Household Energy Use (SHEU)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and 1997. Its goal is to gather data on the energy and physical characteristics of private dwellings to number of dwellings, dwelling area, energy consumption and energy intensity. The target population. The number of dwellings is expressed in units; energy consumption, in gigajoules (GJ); heated area, in square

  18. Research Paper Cutting energy characteristics of Miscanthus x giganteus stems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Champaign, Urbana IL, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 2 October 2011 Received in revised form 3 from 105 EJ in 2008 (DOE, 2010). The expectation is that renewable energy sources will meet 10e40% of the demand or supply approximately 17 EJ of energy by 2034 (DOE, 2010). A large portion is expected to come

  19. Building and occupant characteristics as determinants of residential energy consumption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nieves, L.A.; Nieves, A.L.

    1981-10-01

    The major goals of the research are to gain insight into the probable effects of building energy performance standards on energy consumption; to obtain observations of actual residential energy consumption that could affirm or disaffirm comsumption estimates of the DOE 2.0A simulation model; and to investigate home owner's conservation investments and home purchase decisions. The first chapter covers the investigation of determinants of household energy consumption. The presentation begins with the underlying economic theory and its implications, and continues with a description of the data collection procedures, the formulation of variables, and then of data analysis and findings. In the second chapter the assumptions and limitations of the energy use projections generated by the DOE 2.0A model are discussed. Actual electricity data for the houses are then compared with results of the simulation. The third chapter contains information regarding households' willingness to make energy conserving investments and their ranking of various conservation features. In the final chapter conclusions and recommendations are presented with an emphasis on the policy implications of this study. (MCW)

  20. Automating the gathering of relevant information from biomedical text 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canevet, Catherine

    2009-01-01

    More and more, database curators rely on literature-mining techniques to help them gather and make use of the knowledge encoded in text documents. This thesis investigates how an assisted annotation process can help and ...

  1. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Energy Sources and End Uses

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade Year-0Cubic Monthly ActualActivitiesEnergy Sources

  2. Industry Leaders, Research Experts Gather for 2006 DOE Solid-State Lighting Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solid-state lighting (SSL) technology leaders from industry, research institutions, universities, and national laboratories gathered in Orlando, Florida from February 1-3, 2006 to attend a workshop focused on advancing SSL technologies from the laboratory to the marketplace. The workshop was hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Building Technologies Office) and the Office of Science (Basic Energy Sciences Program). The 2006 workshop provided a forum for sharing updates on basic research underlying SSL technology, SSL core technology research, product development, commercialization support, and the ultimate goal of bringing energy-efficient, cost-competitive products to the market.

  3. Emission Characteristics of the Projectile Fragments at Relativistic Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. K. Singh; A. K. Soma; Ramji Pathak; V. Singh

    2011-08-01

    A projectile (84^Kr_36) having kinetic energy around 1 A GeV was used to expose NIKFI BR-2 emulsion target. A total of 700 inelastic events are used in the present studies on projectile fragments. The emission angle of the projectile fragments are strongly affected by charge of the other projectile fragments emitted at same time with different emission angle is observed. The angular distribution studies show symmetrical nature for lighter charge projectile fragments. The symmetrical nature decreased with the charge of projectile fragments. At ~4o of emission angle for double charge projectile fragments, the momentum transfer during interaction is similar for various target species of emulsion were observed. We also observed a small but significant amplitude peaks on both side of the big peak for almost all light charge projectile fragments having different delta angle values. It reflects that there are few percent of projectile fragments that are coming from the decay of heavy projectile fragments or any other process.

  4. The effects of laser energy on modelling the characteristics of p-n diodes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severin, William Alfred

    1984-01-01

    THE EFFECTS OF LASER ENERGY ON MODELLING THE CHARACTERISTICS OF P-N DIODES A Thesis by WILLIAM ALFRED SEVERIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfullment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1984 Ma jor Sub]ect: Electrical Engineering THE EFFECTS LASER ENERGY ON MODELLING THE CHARACTERISTICS OF P-N DIODES A Thesis WILLIAM ALFRED SEVERIN Approved as to style and content by: (Chairma of Committee) Dr. Phillip E. Allen...

  5. Industry Leaders, Research Experts Gather for Fourth Annual DOE Solid-State Lighting Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    More than 250 attendees gathered in Phoenix, Arizona, to participate in the 2007 DOE Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Program Planning Workshop on January 31-February 2, 2007. Lighting industry leaders, fixture manufacturers, researchers, academia, trade associations, lighting designers, energy efficiency organizations, and utilities joined DOE to share perspectives on the rapidly evolving SSL market. The workshop provided a forum for building partnerships and strategies to accelerate technology advances and guide market introduction of high efficiency, high-performance SSL products.

  6. Characteristic Length of Energy-Containing Structures at the Base of a Coronal Hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    obtained with the New Solar Telescope (NST) at Big Bear Solar Obser- vatory. A data set for transverse Data and Processes: turbulence 1. Introduction Solar magneto-convection in the photosphere and beneathCharacteristic Length of Energy-Containing Structures at the Base of a Coronal Hole Abramenko,V.I.1

  7. Reducing Information Gathering Latency through Mobile Aerial Sensor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Francis C.M.

    for information gathering through a Mobile Aerial Sensor Network (MASN). We adopt the Hive-Drone model [5] where (Drones) is strategically placed in the sensing field. We then face the challenges of how to control a Mobile Aerial Sensor Network (MASN) based on the Hive- Drone model [5]. MASN comprises a swarm of Micro

  8. Complex gas/lift gathering system project in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-08-01

    Installing a gas lift and gathering system in Nigeria's Makaraba oil field proved a complex task because of the swampy site conditions and the influence of the tides on the water depths. All work required floating equipment, including a specially made lay barge and amphibious swamp buggies. The numerous well-head connections and link-ups further complicated the job.

  9. Complex gas/lift gathering system project in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-08-01

    A new gas lift and gathering system is located in the Makaraba oil field, Nigeria. It connects 12 wellheads to a flow station by a series of 6-in. pipelines and one 16-in. trunk-line. The complexity of the project was due to the swampy site conditions which necessitated all work being conducted with floating plant, including a specially made laybarge and amphibious swamp buggies.

  10. Voices for SSL Efficiency' Gather in Pasadena for Two-Day DOE Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Over 100 attendees gathered in Pasadena, California, to participate in the "Voices for SSL Efficiency" DOE Solid-State Lighting Workshop on April 23-24, 2007. The workshop, hosted by DOE and Southern California Edison, was designed to initiate a dialogue on how Federal, State, and private-sector organizations can work together to guide market introduction of high efficiency, high-performance SSL products. Participants from energy efficiency organizations, utilities, government, and industry shared insights, ideas, and updates on the rapidly evolving SSL market.

  11. More Than 200 DOE Safety and Health Trainers Gather for Exchange...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Than 200 DOE Safety and Health Trainers Gather for Exchange More Than 200 DOE Safety and Health Trainers Gather for Exchange April 29, 2015 - 12:00pm Addthis HAMMER Program...

  12. Star Formation in Mergers and Interacting Galaxies: Gathering the Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis Struck

    2006-10-06

    Selected results from recent studies of star formation in galaxies at different stages of interaction are reviewed. Recent results from the Spitzer Space Telescope are highlighted. Ideas on how large-scale driving of star formation in interacting galaxies might mesh with our understanding of star formation in isolated galaxies and small scale mechanisms within galaxies are considered. In particular, there is evidence that on small scales star formation is determined by the same thermal and turbulent processes in cool compressed clouds as in isolated galaxies. If so, this affirms the notion that the primary role of large-scale dynamics is to gather and compress the gas fuel. In gas-rich interactions this is generally done with increasing efficiency through the merger process.

  13. Context Passive gathering of information Experiments Integrated behavioral dvfs method Hydrasim Measuring and Characterizing HPC applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefèvre, Laurent

    Context Passive gathering of information Experiments Integrated behavioral dvfs method Hydrasim applications and CPU/GPU simulation #12;Context Passive gathering of information Experiments Integrated behavioral dvfs method Hydrasim Plan 1 Context 2 Passive gathering of information 3 Experiments 4 Integrated

  14. Knowledge-Intensive Gathering and Integration of Statistical Information on European Fisheries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treur, Jan

    the information gathering and integration process. In particular, the methods used by the institute's experts, and the gathering of source information. 1 Introduction In the Netherlands, the Agricultural Economics Research selection of sources and gathering of information from these sources (planning). The European Commission

  15. Characteristics of Strange Hadron Production in Some High Energy Collisions and The Role of Power Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswas, Sunil Kumar; Ghosh, Amar Chandra Das; Bhattacharyya, Subrata; 10.4236/ojm.2012.21001

    2012-01-01

    Studies on `strange' particle production have always occupied a very important space in the domain of Particle Physics. This was and is so, just because of some conjectures about specially abundant or excess production of `strange' particles, at certain stages and under certain conditions arising out of what goes by the name of `Standard' model in Particle Physics. With the help of Hagedornian power laws we have attempted to understand and interpret here the nature of the $p_T$-spectra for the strange particle production in a few high energy nuclear collisions, some interesting ratio-behaviours and the characteristics of the nuclear modification factors that are measured in laboratory experiments. After obtaining and analysing the final results we do not confront any peculiarities or oddities or extraneous excesses in the properties of the relevant observables with no left-over problems or puzzles. The model(s) used by us work(s) quite well for explaining the measured data.

  16. Characteristics of Strange Hadron Production in Some High Energy Collisions and The Role of Power Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sunil Kumar Biswas; Goutam Sau; Amar Chandra Das Ghosh; Subrata Bhattacharyya

    2012-03-13

    Studies on `strange' particle production have always occupied a very important space in the domain of Particle Physics. This was and is so, just because of some conjectures about specially abundant or excess production of `strange' particles, at certain stages and under certain conditions arising out of what goes by the name of `Standard' model in Particle Physics. With the help of Hagedornian power laws we have attempted to understand and interpret here the nature of the $p_T$-spectra for the strange particle production in a few high energy nuclear collisions, some interesting ratio-behaviours and the characteristics of the nuclear modification factors that are measured in laboratory experiments. After obtaining and analysing the final results we do not confront any peculiarities or oddities or extraneous excesses in the properties of the relevant observables with no left-over problems or puzzles. The model(s) used by us work(s) quite well for explaining the measured data.

  17. Ionization energy shift of characteristic K x-ray lines from high-Z materials for plasma diagnostics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S?abkowska, K.; Szyma?ska, E.; Polasik, M.; Pereira, N. R.; Rzadkiewicz, J.; Seely, J. F.; Weber, B. V.; Schumer, J. W.

    2014-03-15

    The energy of the characteristic x-rays emitted by high atomic number atoms in a plasma that contains energetic electrons depends on the atom's ionization. For tungsten, the ionization energy shift of the L-lines has recently been used to diagnose the plasma's ionization; the change in energy of a K-line has been measured for iridium and observed for ytterbium. Here, we present detailed computations of the ionization energy shift to K-lines of these and an additional element, dysprosium; for these atoms, some K-lines nearly coincide in energy with K-edges of slightly lower Z atoms so that a change in transmission behind a K-edge filter betrays a change in energy. The ionization energy shift of such high-energy K-lines may enable a unique diagnostic when the plasma is inside an otherwise opaque enclosure such as hohlraums used on the National Ignition Facility.

  18. Networked Information Gathering and Fusion of PMU Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of renewable energy resources, which are highly variable. To meet these challenges, a key step is to develop of nine white papers in the project "The Future Grid to Enable Sustainable Energy Systems: An Initiative of the Power Systems Engineering Research Center." This project is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy

  19. ORISE: WeB-MEDIS System Allows Hospitals to Gather and Track...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    WeB-MEDIS ORISE-developed system helps emergency responders and hospitals gather and track patient data during emergencies The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education...

  20. International Clean Coal, Carbon Capture Experts to Gather at...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    top official for the agency responsible for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) clean coal technology (CCT) and carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) research and...

  1. Networked Information Gathering and Fusion of PMU Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as one of nine broad analysis white papers in the project "The Future Grid to Enable Sustainable Energy & Development, Entergy Naim Logic, Senior Electrical Engineer, Salt River Project (SRP) Shimo Wang, Southern- infrastructure. The smart grid in the making is envisaged to integrate a considerable amount of renewable energy

  2. BIG: A ResourceBounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent \\Lambday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaoqin

    BIG: A Resource­Bounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent \\Lambday Victor Lesser an invaluable information resource but the explosion of available information has made web search a time of accessibility, reliability and associated costs present a complex information gathering coordination problem

  3. BIG: A Resource-Bounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    BIG: A Resource-Bounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent y Victor Lesser Bryan an invaluable information resource but the explosion of available information has made web search a time of accessibility, reliability and associated costs present a complex information gathering coordination problem

  4. Planning for Information Gathering: A Tutorial Survey Eric Lambrecht & Subbarao Kambhampati

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    Planning for Information Gathering: A Tutorial Survey Eric Lambrecht & Subbarao Kambhampati Report 96­017; May, 1997 Abstract We discuss the problem of information gathering, which is that of integrating mul­ tiple heterogeneous information sources so they appear as a single information source

  5. Information Brokers: Gathering Information from Heterogeneous Information Sources Richard Fikes, Adam Farquhar, Wanda Pratt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    Information Brokers: Gathering Information from Heterogeneous Information Sources Richard Fikes,adam_farquhar,pratt}@ksl.stanford.edu Abstract The Internet provides dramatic new opportunities for gather­ ing information from multiple technical problems for the information­seeking client, including finding the information sources relevant

  6. BIG: A Resource-Bounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raja, Anita

    BIG: A Resource-Bounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent ¡ Victor Lesser Bryan an invaluable information resource but the explosion of available information has made web search a time of accessibility, reliability and associated costs present a complex information gathering coordination problem

  7. Hybrid Data and Decision Fusion Techniques for Model-Based Data Gathering in Wireless Sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamachari, Bhaskar

    Hybrid Data and Decision Fusion Techniques for Model-Based Data Gathering in Wireless Sensor this context, it suffices for the sensor network to update the base station with esti- mates of model,3]. In particular, if the goal is data gathering, the PDE model can be used to offer a more com- pact data

  8. IV. STATION CONFIGURATION AND SENSOR COMPARISONS Comparison of solar radiation data gathered at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    8 IV. STATION CONFIGURATION AND SENSOR COMPARISONS Comparison of solar radiation data gathered of the instruments used to monitor the incident solar radiation. Five types of so- lar sensors and several different data loggers have been used to gather the solar radiation data presented in this data book

  9. Conferences Each year, thousands of gatherings like conferences, meetings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    /meeting areas by ensuring the appropriate recycling, composting and waste bins are present and highly visible materials, reusing items, and/or reducing materials. By doing this, you'll conserve energy, reduce waste. Reminders and clear signage can make it easier for people to remember how to dispose of their waste properly

  10. Research on the Integration Characteristics of Cooling Energy Recovery from Room Exhausting Cool Air in Summer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, W.; Wu, J.; Wei, Y.

    2006-01-01

    energy integration I, and effect factor on atmospheric environment of building energy F. The positive effects of these new concepts and methods on traditional approaches are also predicted. Theoretical research on an energy recovery unit that recovers...

  11. Gathering total items count for pagination | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: EnergyGateway Edit History

  12. A Method Of Evaluating A Subsurface Region Using Gather Sensitive Data Discrimination

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lazaratos, Spyridon K. (Houston, TX)

    2000-01-11

    A method of evaluating a subsurface region by separating/enhancing a certain type of seismic event data of interest from an overall set of seismic event data which includes other, different types of seismic event data is disclosed herein. In accordance with one feature, a particular type of gather is generated from the seismic event data such that the gather includes at least a portion of the data which is of interest and at least a portion of the other data. A series of data discrimination lines are incorporated into the gather at positions and directions which are established in the gather in a predetermined way. Using the data discrimination lines, the data of interest which is present in the gather is separated/enhanced with respect to the other data within the gather. The separated data may be used for example in producing a map of the particular subterranean region. In accordance with another feature, the gather is selected such that the incorporated discrimination lines approach a near parallel relationship with one another. Thereby, the data is transformed in a way which causes the discrimination lines to be parallel with one another, resulting in reduced frequency distortion accompanied by improved accuracy in the separation/enhancement of data. In accordance with still another feature, the disclosed data separation/enhancement method is compatible with an iterative approach.

  13. Ute Tribe Energy Conference & Expo

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    An international gathering of energy producing Tribes, governments and companies envisioning a path forward towards a more sustainable future.

  14. CHTM Cleanroom Information Form All information gathered will be kept confidential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    CHTM Cleanroom Information Form All information gathered will be kept confidential Please print@chtm.unm.edu) _________________________________________ Reason for Needing Cleanroom Access affect cleanroom performance (such as diabetes, epilepsy, asthma, high blood pressure medications

  15. Experimental evaluation of read performance for RFID-based mobile sensor data gathering applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Currie, Iain A.; Marina, Mahesh

    We consider RFID-based sensing applications enabled by passive or semi-passive tags and mobile devices equipped with readers. We experimentally investigate the feasibility of such RFID-based mobile sensor data gathering applications, focusing on UHF...

  16. Hunter-gatherer adaptations and environmental change in the southern Great Basin: The evidence from Pahute and Rainier mesas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pippin, L.C.

    1998-06-01

    This paper reviews the evidence for fluctuations in past environments in the southern Great Basin and examines how these changes may have affected the strategies followed by past hunter and gatherers in their utilization of the resources available on a highland in this region. The evidence used to reconstruct past environments for the region include botanical remains from packrat middens, pollen spectra from lake and spring deposits, faunal remains recovered from archaeological and geologic contexts, tree-ring indices from trees located in sensitive (tree-line) environments, and eolian, alluvial and fluvial sediments deposited in a variety of contexts. Interpretations of past hunter and gatherer adaptive strategies are based on a sample of 1,311 archaeological sites recorded during preconstruction surveys on Pahute and Rainier mesas in advance of the US Department of Energy`s nuclear weapons testing program. Projectile point chronologies and available tree-ring, radiocarbon, thermoluminescence and obsidian hydration dates were used to assign these archaeological sites to specific periods of use.

  17. Experimental studies of the hydrodynamic characteristics of a sloped wave energy device 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Chia-Po

    2000-07-19

    Many wave energy convertors are designed to use either vertical (heave) or horizontal (surge) movements of waves. But the frequency response of small heaving buoys and oscillating water column devices shows that they are ...

  18. Plasma characteristics of single- and dual-electrode ion source systems utilized in low-energy ion extraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasquez, M. R.; Tokumura, S.; Kasuya, T.; Wada, M.

    2014-02-15

    Discharge characteristics in the upstream as well as in the downstream regions of a 50-eV positive ion beam were measured along the beam axis. Single- and dual-electrode configurations made of 0.1-mm diameter tungsten wires were tested. By varying the upstream discharge parameters, the shape of the sheath edge around the extractors, which can either be “planar” or “cylindrical,” can be controlled. The sheath eventually affected the simultaneous extraction of ions and neutralizing electrons. The dual-electrode configuration at the lower discharge current, revealed a homogeneous discharge downstream. At this condition, the edge of the sheath can be inferred to be “planar” which allowed the uniform extraction and propagation of low-energy ions at longer distances. The dual-electrode configuration was capable of transmitting low-energy ions up to 70 mm downstream.

  19. CHARACTERISTICS OF MUON PAIR PRODUCTION IN P-P COLLISIONS AT VERY HIGH ENERGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of corrections necessary for measurements made with nuclear targets. Cross-sections are given for J of scaling violation is seen in a comparison with lower energy data. The measured cross-section is found of Philosophy ABSTRACT The reaction P + P + + + (anything) has been measured at the CERN Intersecting Storage

  20. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.2 Federal Buildings and Facilities Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and69 Energy747 200589142

  1. Three dimensional stationary cyclic symmetric Einstein-Maxwell solutions; energy, mass, momentum, and algebraic tensors characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberto A. Garcia-Diaz

    2013-07-25

    The main purpose of this contribution is to determine physical and geometrical characterizations of whole classes of stationary cyclic symmetric gravitational fields coupled to Maxwell electromagnetic fields within the $(2+1)$-dimensional gravity. The physical characterization is based on the determination of the local and global energy-momentum-mass quantities using the Brown-York approach. As far as to the algebraic-geometrical characterization is concerned, the eigenvalue problem for the electromagnetic field, energy-momentum and Cotton tensors is solved and their types are established. The families of Einstein-Maxwell solutions to be considered are: all uniform electromagnetic solutions possessing electromagnetic fields with vanishing covariant derivatives (stationary uniform and spinning Clement classes), all fields having constant electromagnetic field and energy-momentum tensors' invariants (Kamata-Koikawa solutions), the whole classes of hybrid electromagnetic Ayon-Cataldo-Garcia solutions, a new family of stationary electromagnetic solutions, the electrostatic and magnetostatic solutions with Peldan limit, the Clement spinning charged metric, the Martinez-Teitelboim-Zanelli black hole solution, and Dias-Lemos electromagnetic solution.

  2. Global energy and water balance: Characteristics from finite-volume atmospheric model of the IAP/LASG (FAMIL1)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhou, Linjiong; Bao, Qing; Liu, Yimin; Wu, Guoxiong; Wang, Wei-Chyung; Wang, Xiaocong; He, Bian; Yu, Haiyang; Li, Jiandong

    2015-03-01

    This paper documents version 1 of the Finite-volume Atmospheric Model of the IAP/LASG (FAMIL1), which has a flexible horizontal resolution up to a quarter of 1°. The model, currently running on the ‘‘Tianhe 1A’’ supercomputer, is the atmospheric component of the third-generation Flexible Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land climate System model (FGOALS3) which will participate in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6). In addition to describing the dynamical core and physical parameterizations of FAMIL1, this paper describes the simulated characteristics of energy and water balances and compares them with observational/reanalysis data. The comparisons indicate that the model simulates well the seasonalmore »and geographical distributions of radiative fluxes at the top of the atmosphere and at the surface, as well as the surface latent and sensible heat fluxes. A major weakness in the energy balance is identified in the regions where extensive and persistent marine stratocumulus is present. Analysis of the global water balance also indicates realistic seasonal and geographical distributions with the global annual mean of evaporation minus precipitation being approximately 10?? mm d?¹. We also examine the connections between the global energy and water balance and discuss the possible link between the two within the context of the findings from the reanalysis data. Finally, the model biases as well as possible solutions are discussed.« less

  3. Planning to Gather Information Chung T. Kwok and Daniel S. Weld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Planning to Gather Information Chung T. Kwok and Daniel S. Weld ctkwok, weld, relevant information sources to satisfy a user's information request (Etzioni & Weld 1994; Knoblock 1995 the relevant sources (Etzioni & Weld 1994). These motivations inspire the Occam1 planning sys- 1 William

  4. What is History? History is more than simply fact-gathering. Like all

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    What is History? History is more than simply fact-gathering. Like all of the liberal arts, history to formulate conclusions, test results and communicate new ideas. Career Opportunities History majors make good of history requires the ability to investigate, analyze and communicate complex interrelationships

  5. Migration/inversion for Incident Waves Synthesized from Common-Shot Data Gathers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bleistein, Norman

    to incident plane waves. The primary objective of a migration/inversion process is to detect reflectorsMigration/inversion for Incident Waves Synthesized from Common-Shot Data Gathers Norman Bleistein Presented at the International Meeting of the SEG, 2006 Keywords Kirchhoff inversion, migration

  6. Progressive Coding and Iterative Source-Channel Decoding in Wireless Data Gathering Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    wireless sensor network (WSN) applications involve data gathering, where sensors periodically sample have continued to explore the use of ECC in WSN [3], [4], [5], [6]. In [3], the effect of route diversity was examined and turbo codes [7] were applied. A comparison of codes for WSN was performed in [4

  7. Attributes of the Federal Energy Management Program's Federal Site Building Characteristics Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loper, Susan A.; Sandusky, William F.

    2010-12-31

    Typically, the Federal building stock is referred to as a group of about one-half million buildings throughout the United States. Additional information beyond this level is generally limited to distribution of that total by agency and maybe distribution of the total by state. However, additional characterization of the Federal building stock is required as the Federal sector seeks ways to implement efficiency projects to reduce energy and water use intensity as mandated by legislation and Executive Order. Using a Federal facility database that was assembled for use in a geographic information system tool, additional characterization of the Federal building stock is provided including information regarding the geographical distribution of sites, building counts and percentage of total by agency, distribution of sites and building totals by agency, distribution of building count and floor space by Federal building type classification by agency, and rank ordering of sites, buildings, and floor space by state. A case study is provided regarding how the building stock has changed for the Department of Energy from 2000 through 2008.

  8. Characteristics of beta detection and dose measurement at Department of Energy facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mulvehill, J.M.; Brackenbush, L.W.

    1987-02-01

    This report considers the current state of the art of beta dosimetry practices and beta detection methods used by health physicists at US Department of Energy facilities. This information is based on a survey of DOE facilities. Beta measurements are technically difficult and innovative efforts must be expended to improve their accuracy. Perhaps the most pronounced problem is that beta dosimetry and instrumentation in use are highly energy and angular dependent. Many believe that beta exposures are adequately controlled because beta to photon ratios are assumed to be low. This assumption is not always valid as demonstrated by the accident at Three Mile Island (TMI). Significant beta doses exist where personnel are exposed to mixed fission products; for example, chemical reprocessing plants, reactor accidents, or where uranium metals are processed. This report is part of an effort to increase the DOE response to this technically difficult area of health protection. Problem areas are addressed and methods recommended to improve beta dosimetry through a cooperative effort among the various DOE contractors. 34 refs., 2 figs., 16 tabs.

  9. AWEA Wind Energy Fall Symposium

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The AWEA Wind Energy Fall Symposium gathers wind energy professionals for informal yet productive interactions with industry peers. Jose Zayas, Director, Wind & Water Power Technologies Office,...

  10. Population Size Does Not Predict Artifact Complexity: Analysis of Data from Tasmania, Arctic Hunter-Gatherers, and Oceania Fishing Groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Read, Dwight

    2012-01-01

    Davenport W (1960) Jamaican fishing: A game theory analysis.evidence of Tasmanian fishing. Environmental Archae- ologyHUNTER-GATHERERS, AND OCEANIA FISHING GROUPS Dwight W. Read

  11. A Data Gathering Scheme in Wireless Sensor Networks Based on Synchronization of Chaotic Spiking Oscillator Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakano, Hidehiro; Utani, Akihide; Miyauchi, Arata; Yamamoto, Hisao [Tokyo City University (Japan)

    2011-04-19

    This paper studies chaos-based data gathering scheme in multiple sink wireless sensor networks. In the proposed scheme, each wireless sensor node has a simple chaotic oscillator. The oscillators generate spike signals with chaotic interspike intervals, and are impulsively coupled by the signals via wireless communication. Each wireless sensor node transmits and receives sensor information only in the timing of the couplings. The proposed scheme can exhibit various chaos synchronous phenomena and their breakdown phenomena, and can effectively gather sensor information with the significantly small number of transmissions and receptions compared with the conventional scheme. Also, the proposed scheme can flexibly adapt various wireless sensor networks not only with a single sink node but also with multiple sink nodes. This paper introduces our previous works. Through simulation experiments, we show effectiveness of the proposed scheme and discuss its development potential.

  12. DISS. ETH NO. 17801 Energy-Efficient Data Gathering in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Feuchtigkeit oder seis- mische Aktivit¨at zu messen. Die so gesammelten Informationen erm¨oglichen die erm¨oglicht. Des Weiteren werden Methoden zur energieeffizien- ten Installation und schnellen

  13. Integrated system for gathering, processing, and reporting data relating to site contamination

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Long, D.D.; Goldberg, M.S.; Baker, L.A.

    1997-11-11

    An integrated screening system comprises an intrusive sampling subsystem, a field mobile laboratory subsystem, a computer assisted design/geographical information subsystem, and a telecommunication linkup subsystem, all integrated to provide synergistically improved data relating to the extent of site soil/groundwater contamination. According to the present invention, data samples related to the soil, groundwater or other contamination of the subsurface material are gathered and analyzed to measure contaminants. Based on the location of origin of the samples in three-dimensional space, the analyzed data are transmitted to a location display. The data from analyzing samples and the data from the locating the origin are managed to project the next probable sample location. The next probable sample location is then forwarded for use as a guide in the placement of ensuing sample location, whereby the number of samples needed to accurately characterize the site is minimized. 10 figs.

  14. Integrated system for gathering, processing, and reporting data relating to site contamination

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Long, Delmar D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Goldberg, Mitchell S. (Lenior City, TN); Baker, Lorie A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1997-01-01

    An integrated screening system comprises an intrusive sampling subsystem, a field mobile laboratory subsystem, a computer assisted design/geographical information subsystem, and a telecommunication linkup subsystem, all integrated to provide synergistically improved data relating to the extent of site soil/groundwater contamination. According to the present invention, data samples related to the soil, groundwater or other contamination of the subsurface material are gathered and analyzed to measure contaminants. Based on the location of origin of the samples in three-dimensional space, the analyzed data are transmitted to a location display. The data from analyzing samples and the data from the locating the origin are managed to project the next probable sample location. The next probable sample location is then forwarded for use as a guide in the placement of ensuing sample location, whereby the number of samples needed to accurately characterize the site is minimized.

  15. A Radiocarbon Chronology of Hunter-Gatherer Occupation from Bodega Bay, California, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, M A; Russell, A D; Guilderson, T P

    2005-04-27

    The evolution of hunter-gatherer maritime adaptations in western North America has been a prominent topic of discussion among archaeologists in recent years (e.g. Arnold 1992; Erlandson and Colten 1991; Erlandson and Glassow 1997; Lightfoot 1993). Although vast coastal regions of the northeastern Pacific (for example, southern California) have been investigated in detail, our understanding of hunter-gatherer developments along the coast of northern California is limited. Previous research indicates that humans have exploited marine mammals, fish and shellfish along the northern California shoreline since the early Holocene (Schwaderer 1992). By the end of the late Holocene, some groups remained year-round on the coast subsisting primarily on marine resources (e.g. Gould 1975; Hildebrandt and Levulett 2002). However, a paucity of well-dated cultural deposits has hindered our understanding of these developments, particularly during the early and middle Holocene. The lack of a long and reliable chronological sequence has restricted our interpretations of behavioral change, including the adaptive strategies (such as foraging, mobility and settlement) used by human foragers to colonize and inhabit the coastal areas of this region. These shortcomings have also hindered comparative interpretations with other coastal and inland regions in western North America. Here we present a Holocene radiocarbon chronology of hunter-gatherer occupation based on contemporaneous samples of charcoal and Mytilus californianus (California sea mussel) shell recovered from seven archaeological sites near Bodega Bay, California. A series of 127 {sup 14}C ages reveal a chronological sequence that spans from ca. 8940-110 cal BP (1{sigma}) (7890-160 {sup 14}C yr BP = charcoal; 8934-101 {sup 14}C yr BP = shell). As part of this sequence, we report new {sup 14}C dates from the stratified cave and open-air midden deposits at Duncan's Landing (CA-SON-348/H). In addition, we present {sup 14}C ages from three middle Holocene sites located in the Bodega Dunes, and from three late Holocene sites, including Kili (CASON-299), the oldest known village site in the region. Bodega Bay (38 degrees 19 minutes N, 123 degrees 03 minutes W) is situated about 90 km north of San Francisco Bay, California (Figure 1). The Pacific, in conjunction with prominent geomorphological features, has given rise to a series of coastal habitats (e.g. semi-protected and protected shorelines) around Bodega Bay that are rather unique for the unprotected, surf swept rocky shores of northern California. This stretch of coastline also lies within a zone of particularly strong seasonal upwelling between Point Reyes Peninsula and Cape Mendocino; a region characterized by high Ekman transport (Huyer 1983), and high coastal concentrations of the nutrients silica and phosphate (van Geen and Husby 1996). The interaction between land and sea results in a productive marine ecosystem that has attracted hunter-gatherers for much of the Holocene.

  16. Method and system for gathering a library of response patterns for sensor arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zaromb, Solomon (Hinsdale, IL)

    1992-01-01

    A method of gathering a library of response patterns for one or more sensor arrays used in the detection and identification of chemical components in a fluid includes the steps of feeding samples of fluid with time-spaced separation of known components to the sensor arrays arranged in parallel or series configurations. Modifying elements such as heating filaments of differing materials operated at differing temperatures are included in the configurations to duplicate operational modes designed into the portable detection systems with which the calibrated sensor arrays are to be used. The response patterns from the known components are collected into a library held in the memory of a microprocessor for comparison with the response patterns of unknown components.

  17. Experimental reconstruction of primary hot isotopes and characteristic properties of the fragmenting source in the heavy ion reactions near the Fermi energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Lin; X. Liu; M. R. D. Rodrigues; S. Kowalski; R. Wada; M. Huang; S. Zhang; Z. Chen; J. Wang; G. Q. Xiao; R. Han; Z. Jin; J. Liu; P. Ren; F. Shi; T. Keutgen; K. Hagel; M. Barbui; C. Bottosso; A. Bonasera; J. B. Natowitz; T. Materna; L. Qin; P. K. Sahu; H. Zheng

    2014-09-14

    The characteristic properties of the hot nuclear matter existing at the time of fragment formation in the multifragmentation events produced in the reaction $^{64}$Zn + $^{112}$Sn at 40 MeV/nucleon are studied. A kinematical focusing method is employed to determine the multiplicities of evaporated light particles, associated with isotopically identified detected fragments. From these data the primary isotopic yield distributions are reconstructed using a Monte Carlo method. The reconstructed yield distributions are in good agreement with the primary isotope distributions obtained from AMD transport model simulations. Utilizing the reconstructed yields, power distribution, Landau free energy, characteristic properties of the emitting source are examined. The primary mass distributions exhibit a power law distribution with the critical exponent, $A^{-2.3}$, for $A \\geq 15$ isotopes, but significantly deviates from that for the lighter isotopes. Landau free energy plots show no strong signature of the first order phase transition. Based on the Modified Fisher Model, the ratios of the Coulomb and symmetry energy coefficients relative to the temperature, $a_{c}/T$ and $a_{sym}/T$, are extracted as a function of A. The extracted $a_{sym}/T$ values are compared with results of the AMD simulations using Gogny interactions with different density dependencies of the symmetry energy term. The calculated $a_{sym}/T$ values show a close relation to the symmetry energy at the density at the time of the fragment formation. From this relation the density of the fragmenting source is determined to be $\\rho /\\rho_{0} = (0.63 \\pm 0.03 )$. Using this density, the symmetry energy coefficient and the temperature of fragmenting source are determined in a self-consistent manner as $a_{sym} = (24.7 \\pm 3.4) MeV$ and $T=(4.9 \\pm 0.2)$ MeV.

  18. The energy band gap in the excitation spectrum is a fundamental characteristic for a broad array of materials. In the 1980's, the "band-gap" problem in semiconductors, the systematic underestimation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braun, Paul

    The energy band gap in the excitation spectrum is a fundamental characteristic for a broad array for the electron self energy. I will outline the basic physical ingredients of the modern many-body perturbation for use in photocatalysis. In particular, I will discuss the application to energy level alignment

  19. Energy Consumption Characteristics of Light Manufacturing Facilities in The Northern Plains: A Study of Detailed Data from 10 Industrial Energy Audits Conducted in 1993 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twedt, M.; Bassett, K.

    1994-01-01

    Extensive research has been done on residential and commercial applications of existing technologies for energy conservation. This study specifically examines industrial facilities for energy consumption profiles and ...

  20. Online Estimation of the Remaining Energy Capacity in Mobile Systems Considering System-Wide Power Consumption and Battery Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Online Estimation of the Remaining Energy Capacity in Mobile Systems Considering System-Wide Power on estimating the remaining battery energy in Android OS-based mobile systems. This paper proposes to instrument for the whole system. Next, while ac- counting for the rate-capacity effect in batteries, the total power

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Carolina generally may not adopt ordinances prohibiting the installation of "a solar collector that gathers solar radiation as a substitute for traditional energy for......

  2. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    may not adopt ordinances prohibiting the installation of "a solar collector that gathers solar radiation as a substitute for traditional energy for... Eligibility: Residential,...

  3. Dear Award Recipient, The Progress Report is a key award requirement of the CHRI Fellowship. The data gathered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bejerano, Gill

    . The data gathered here serves as a critical tool in tracking success and return-on-investment data to our-competitive renewal? Yes No Have any publications resulted from this work? Yes No Page 1 of 3Qualtrics Survey Software #12;How many total original peer-reviewed manuscripts resulted from this work (do NOT include book

  4. The Influence of High-Energy Lithium Ion Irradiation on Electrical Characteristics of Silicon and GaAs Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Jayashree; Ramani; M. C. Radhakrishna; Anil Agrawal; Saif Ahmad Khan; A. Meulenberg

    2006-10-22

    Space-grade Si and GaAs solar cells were irradiated with 15 & 40 MeV Li ions. Illuminated (AM0 condition) and unilluminated I-V curves reveal that the effect of high-energy Li ion irradiation has produced similar effects to that of proton irradiation. However, an additional, and different, defect mechanism is suggested to dominate in the heavier-ion results. Comparison is made with proton-irradiated solar-cell work and with non-ionizing energy-loss (NIEL) radiation-damage models.

  5. Network lifetime maximization for time-sensitive data gathering in wireless sensor networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Weifa

    or human inaccessible environments such as battlefields or nuclear polluted re- gions. Therefore, energy Keywords: Wireless sensor networks Network lifetime prolongation Energy optimization Load-balanced spanning tree Network flow Algorithm design a b s t r a c t Energy-constrained sensor networks have been widely

  6. Primary Isotope Yields and Characteristic Properties of the Fragmenting Source in Heavy-ion Reactions near the Fermi Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X. Liu; W. Lin; R. Wada; M. Huang; Z. Chen; G. Q. Xiao; S. Zhang; X. Jin; J. Liu; F. Shi; P. Ren; H. Zheng; J. B. Natowitz; A. Bonasera

    2014-06-13

    For central collisions of $^{40}$Ca $+ ^{40}$Ca at 35 MeV/nucleon, the density and temperature of a fragmenting source have been evaluated in a self-consistent manner using the ratio of the symmetry energy coefficient relative to the temperature, $a_{sym}/T$, extracted from the yields of primary isotopes produced in antisymmetrized molecular dynamics (AMD) simulations. The $a_{sym}/T$ values are extracted from all isotope yields using an improved method based on the Modified Fisher Model (MFM). The values of $a_{sym}/T$ obtained, using different interactions with different density dependencies of the symmetry energy term, are correlated with the values of the symmetry energies at the density of fragment formation. Using this correlation, the fragment formation density is found to be $\\rho/\\rho_0 = 0.67 \\pm 0.02$. Using the input symmetry energy value for each interaction temperature values are extracted as a function of isotope mass $A$. The extracted temperature values are compared with those evaluated from the fluctuation thermometer with a radial flow correction.

  7. Energy use in office buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-10-01

    This is the report on Task IB, Familiarization with Additional Data Collection Plans of Annual Survey of BOMA Member and Non-Member Buildings in 20 Cities, of the Energy Use in Office Buildings project. The purpose of the work was to monitor and understand the efforts of the Building Owners and Managers Association International (BOMA) in gathering an energy-use-oriented data base. In order to obtain an improved data base encompassing a broad spectrum of office space and with information suitable for energy analysis in greater detail than is currently available, BOMA undertook a major data-collection effort. Based on a consideration of geographic area, climate, population, and availability of data, BOMA selected twenty cities for data collection. BOMA listed all of the major office space - buildings in excess of 40,000 square feet - in each of the cities. Tax-assessment records, local maps, Chamber of Commerce data, recent industrial-development programs, results of related studies, and local-realtor input were used in an effort to assemble a comprehensive office-building inventory. In order to verify the accuracy and completeness of the building lists, BOMA assembled an Ad-Hoc Review Committee in each city to review the assembled inventory of space. A questionnaire on office-building energy use and building characteristics was developed. In each city BOMA assembled a data collection team operating under the supervision of its regional affiliate to gather the data. For each city a random sample of buildings was selected, and data were gathered. Responses for over 1000 buildings were obtained.

  8. Application of a Tractive Energy Analysis to Quantify the Benefits of Advanced Efficiency Technologies Using Characteristic Drive Cycle Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaClair, Tim J

    2012-01-01

    Accurately predicting the fuel savings that can be achieved with the implementation of various technologies developed for fuel efficiency can be very challenging, particularly when considering combinations of technologies. Differences in the usage of highway vehicles can strongly influence the benefits realized with any given technology, which makes generalizations about fuel savings inappropriate for different vehicle applications. A model has been developed to estimate the potential for reducing fuel consumption when advanced efficiency technologies, or combinations of these technologies, are employed on highway vehicles, particularly medium- and heavy-duty trucks. The approach is based on a tractive energy analysis applied to drive cycles representative of the vehicle usage, and the analysis specifically accounts for individual energy loss factors that characterize the technologies of interest. This tractive energy evaluation is demonstrated by analyzing measured drive cycles from a long-haul trucking fleet and the results of an assessment of the fuel savings potential for combinations of technologies are presented. The results of this research will enable more reliable estimates of the fuel savings benefits that can be realized with particular technologies and technology combinations for individual trucking applications so that decision makers can make informed investment decisions for the implementation of advanced efficiency technologies.

  9. First-Ever Network Member Gathering Held at 2015 Better Buildings...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to engage in dialogue focused on sharing proven approaches for greater energy efficiency in buildings. This year was the first to incorporate the residential sector with...

  10. A Field Study Comparison of the Energy and Moisture Performance Characteristics of Ventilated Versus Sealed Crawl Spaces in the South

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce Davis; Cyrus Dastur; William E. Warren; Shawn Fitzpatrick; Christine Maurer; Rob Stevens; Terry Brennan; William Rose

    2005-06-22

    This study compared the performance of closed crawl spaces, which had sealed foundation wall vents, a sealed polyethylene film liner and various insulation and drying strategies, to traditional wall-vented crawl spaces with perimeter wall vents and polyethylene film covering 100% of the ground surface. The study was conducted at 12 owner-occupied, all electric, single-family detached houses with the same floor plan located on one cul-de-sac in the southeastern United States. Using the matched pairs approach, the houses were divided into three study groups of four houses each. Comparative data was recorded for each house to evaluate sub-metered heat pump energy consumption, relative humidity, wood moisture content, duct infiltration, house infiltration, temperature, radon, and bioaerosol levels. Findings indicated that in the humid conditions of the southeastern United States, a properly closed crawl space is a robust construction measure that produces a substantially drier crawl space and significantly reduces occupied space conditioning energy use on an annual basis.

  11. Characteristics of high-rate energy spectroscopy systems using HPGe coaxial detectors and time-variant filters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Britton, C.L.; Becker, T.H.; Paulus, T.J.; Trammell, R.C.

    1984-02-01

    A high-rate, high-resolution gamma spectrometer system is described. The system consists of a reverse electrode HPGe coaxial detector, a transistor reset preamplifier, an active, semi-Gaussian prefilter, a gated integrator, and a unique data acquisition system consisting of a 10 ..mu..s, 13 bit ADC, fast FIFO memory, 8k by 23 bit data memory, and computer interface circuitry under the control of a Z-80A ..mu..P. The effects of the various components on the throughput are described and throughput data is presented. The resolution and peak shift for various shaping times are presented for count rates up to 1 Mcps input rate using a mixed /sup 22/Na and /sup 60/Co source. The low rate resolutions of /sup 57/Co and /sup 60/Co for various shaping times using either the semi-Gaussian or gated integrator output are discussed as well as the low energy resolution and peak shifts in the presence of high energy events.

  12. Energy Harvesting Communications with Continuous Energy Arrivals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    Energy Harvesting Communications with Continuous Energy Arrivals Burak Varan Kaya Tutuncuoglu Aylin--This work considers an energy harvesting transmit- ter that gathers a continuous flow of energy from intermittent sources, thus relaxing the modeling assumption of discrete amounts of harvested energy present

  13. Energy Department's Fossil Energy Chief to Tour Western Michigan...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy to Depart Feb. 1 Energy Department Nominees Confirmed by U.S. Senate International Clean Coal, Carbon Capture Experts to Gather at 28th Annual Pittsburgh Coal Conference...

  14. NAS-NAE National Convocation on "Rising Above the Gathering Storm...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    I don't have to remind you of the challenges we face: rapidly growing global demand for energy, along with rising prices. And these demand pressures will only increase with time....

  15. What's Next for Nuclear Energy? MIT Students Discuss Path Forward

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Students at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) gathered Friday to have a casual discussion with the U.S. government’s foremost expert on nuclear energy

  16. Secretary Chu's Remarks at the World Renewable Energy Forum Press...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Development Corporation and Andrew Oliver from RES Americas for joining us. Renewable energy representatives from across the country are gathered in Denver this week because...

  17. Sandia Energy - 4th PV Performance Modeling and Monitoring Workshop...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Monitoring Workshop in Cologne, Germany, October 22-23, 2015 Approximately 220 solar energy experts from over 30 countries and four continents gathered for two days at the...

  18. Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cree, Johnathan V.; Dansu, A.; Fuhr, P.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; McIntyre, T.; Muehleisen, Ralph T.; Starke, M.; Banerjee, Pranab; Kuruganti, T.; Castello, C.

    2013-04-01

    The Buildings Technologies Office (BTO), within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), is initiating a new program in Sensor and Controls. The vision of this program is: • Buildings operating automatically and continuously at peak energy efficiency over their lifetimes and interoperating effectively with the electric power grid. • Buildings that are self-configuring, self-commissioning, self-learning, self-diagnosing, self-healing, and self-transacting to enable continuous peak performance. • Lower overall building operating costs and higher asset valuation. The overarching goal is to capture 30% energy savings by enhanced management of energy consuming assets and systems through development of cost-effective sensors and controls. One step in achieving this vision is the publication of this Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide. The purpose of the guide is to inform building owners and operators of the current status, capabilities, and limitations of sensor technologies. It is hoped that this guide will aid in the design and procurement process and result in successful implementation of building sensor and control systems. DOE will also use this guide to identify research priorities, develop future specifications for potential market adoption, and provide market clarity through unbiased information

  19. T-ANT: A Nature-Inspired Data Gathering Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selvadurai, Selvakennedy

    the energy usage for a more load-balanced operation. However, LEACH only works for single broadcast domain School of Information Technologies, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Email: skennedy@it.usyd.edu.au S. Sinnappan^ and Yi Shang* ^School of Economics & Information Systems, University of Wollongong

  20. More Than 200 DOE Safety and Health Trainers Gather for Exchange |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecialAPPENDIX F Wetlandsof EnergyGapDepartmentOctober 2012Page)

  1. International Clean Coal, Carbon Capture Experts to Gather at 28th Annual

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S. Department of Energy |June 2015American Synchrophasorfor

  2. Better Buildings Partners Gather to Plan for the Future | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, Inc |BartlesvilleRestoring- 2013Energy Better Buildings

  3. NAS-NAE National Convocation on "Rising Above the Gathering Storm Two Years

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergy Managing SwimmingMicrosoft Word1Sustainability inDeputyNAICSLater:

  4. First-Ever Network Member Gathering Held at 2015 Better Buildings Summit |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14,EnergyFinancingWIPP |Department ofElectric Grid

  5. TopologyAware Placement and Role Assignment for Energy-Efficient Information Gathering in Sensor Networks1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalpakis, Konstantinos

    in system lifetime, when compared with random placement and role assignments of the nodes. 1 Introduction the system lifetime, i.e. the number of periods (rounds) that information can be collected until the first to them such that the system lifetime is maximized, while ensuring that each point/region of interest

  6. Cost-Effective Reciprocating Engine Emissions Control and Monitoring for E&P Field and Gathering Engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby S. Chapman; Sarah R. Nuss-Warren

    2007-02-01

    The objective of this project is to identify, develop, test, and commercialize emissions control and monitoring technologies that can be implemented by exploration and production (E&P) operators to significantly lower the cost of environmental compliance and expedite project permitting. The project team takes considerable advantage of the emissions control research and development efforts and practices that have been underway in the gas pipeline industry for the last 12 years. These efforts and practices are expected to closely interface with the E&P industry to develop cost-effective options that apply to widely-used field and gathering engines, and which can be readily commercialized. The project is separated into two phases. Phase 1 work establishes an E&P industry liaison group, develops a frequency distribution of installed E&P field engines, and identifies and assesses commercially available and emerging engine emissions control and monitoring technologies. Current and expected E&P engine emissions and monitoring requirements are reviewed, and priority technologies are identified for further development. The identified promising technologies are tested on a laboratory engine to confirm their generic viability. In addition, a full-scale field test of prototype emissions controls will be conducted on at least ten representative field engine models with challenging emissions profiles. Emissions monitoring systems that are integrated with existing controls packages will be developed. Technology transfer/commercialization is expected to be implemented through compressor fleet leasing operators, engine component suppliers, the industry liaison group, and the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council. This topical report discusses work completed during Phase 1 of the project Cost Effective Reciprocating Engine Emissions Control and Monitoring for E&P Field and Gathering Engines. In this report information, data, and results are compiled and summarized from quarterly reports 1 through 15. Results for each of the tasks in Phase 1 are presented.

  7. A neighborhood alternative energy plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Douglas James

    1982-01-01

    A design that proposes the redefinition of the role of a power plant facility within a community by creating a humane environment for recreation, education, community gathering, living, and energy production; rather than ...

  8. A gathering of water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horowitz, Naomi Leah, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    The act of immersion is a powerful catalyst for the affirmation or transformation of identity. How we place ourselves in water expresses cultural valuations of our bodies, water, and social relations, as well as categories ...

  9. The Gathering Storm:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar FuelTechnologyTel: Name: Rm. Tel:Test1TheDaleTheThe

  10. User Requirements Gathered for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpectedofWykoW03: Datathe use ofSource

  11. Green Power Renewable Electricity, Renewable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Makers ....................................................................................................................... 14 Gathering Energy Data

  12. Energy information systems (EIS): Technology costs, benefit, and best practice uses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granderson, Jessica

    2014-01-01

    interviews, and gathering energy and cost data. Similarly,EIS? 2. What are the energy- and cost-savings benefits of anEIS? Quantifying the energy and cost-savings benefits

  13. Directory of Energy Data Collection Forms: Forms in use as of October 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-01

    This is the twentieth edition of the Directory of Energy Collection Data Forms, an authoritative listing of selected public use forms currently used as basic energy information gathering tools by the Department of Energy.

  14. Data gathering to build and validate small-scale social models for simulation. Two ways: strict control and stake-holders involvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Data gathering to build and validate small-scale social models for simulation. Two ways: strict. Nowadays, it has become a norm to assess results with actually comparable data and to build the hypothesis for the right use of empirical data in the building of models (Moss and Edmonds, 2005). In this paper, we focus

  15. Robotic Fish Gather Data, Prize By Kari Lynn Dean Story location: http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,1284,65214,00.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Naomi

    Robotic Fish Gather Data, Prize By Kari Lynn Dean Story location: http the ocean. To do that, she trains robotic fish. Leonard designed the brains of her fleet of battery-operated fish -- also known as underwater autonomous vehicles, or UAVs -- to survive, manage uncertainty

  16. Radiologoical Conditions on Rongelap Atoll: Recommendations for Visiting and Food Gathering on the Norhtern Islands of Rongelap Atoll

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamliton, T F

    2003-02-01

    Rongelap Atoll experienced close-in or local fallout from the U.S. nuclear test program conducted in the northern Marshall Islands between 1946 and 1958. By all internationally agreed scientific criteria, Rongelap Island is considered safe for permanent resettlement. However, the amount of bomb-related radioactivity in soil and vegetation is, on average, about 5 times greater in the northern islands of the atoll because the centerline of the fallout pattern from the 1954 thermonuclear ''Bravo'' test extended over this part of the atoll. The most important radioactive element remaining on the atoll is radioactive cesium (cesium-137). Cesium-137 emits what is called a ''gamma ray'' that can penetrate the body and deliver both an external (outside the body) and internal (from inside the body) gamma dose to inhabitants of Rongelap Atoll. Cesium-137 is taken up from the soil into locally grown foodstuffs such as coconut, Pandanus and breadfruit. Significant quantities of cesium-137 may also be found in coconut crab. The internal dose delivered to people eating these products will be directly proportional to the concentration of cesium-137 in the food and the amount consumed. The external gamma dose will depend on the concentration of cesium-137 in the soil and the amount of time spent in the area. The highest concentration of cesium-137 in surface soils of the northern islands of Rongelap Atoll is about equivalent to that measured on Bikini Island. Under the radiation protection criteria adopted by the Republic of the Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal, permanent resettlement of these islands would require intervention because of the higher radiation doses that could potentially be delivered to inhabitants living on a diet derived largely from local foods. A more realistic lifestyle scenario is that the resettled population on Rongelap Island will occasionally visit the northern part of the atoll for food gathering, fishing and other recreational activities. It is estimated that a person spending 8 hours (1 work day) in the interior of the Rongelap Atoll northern islands will receive a maximum additional external dose of around 0.1-0.2 mrem per day. Furthermore, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's environmental monitoring continues to show that the marine environment contains very low levels of bomb radioactivity. Similarly, the occasional consumption of terrestrial foods including coconut crab from the northern islands is not expected to add significantly to the radiological health risk of living on Rongelap Island. The average annual effective ingestion dose for Rongelap Island resettlement in 2002 is estimated to be around 1-2 mrem per year when imported foods are made available and proposed remediation efforts take effect. This estimate is about twice that of the Rongelap Island resettlement worker population using direct measurements from the whole body counting program. Resettlement workers presently living on the islands receive an average internal dose from cesium-137 of less than 1 mrem (0.01 mSv) per year. These workers are known to eat locally grown foods and coconut crabs collected from the northern islands. The highest individual dose observed was 4 mrem (0.04 mSv) per year. Under the guidelines adopted by the Republic of the Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal, it is concluded that diving, fishing and visiting any northern island of Rongelap Atoll are safe activities for limited periods. Eating local fish and other marine life such as clams would also be considered safe. Consumption of plant foods from the northern islands of Rongelap Atoll depends on successful implementation of specific remediation measures to ensure dietary intakes of cesium-137 remain at or below levels considered safe. The whole body counting program should continue to monitor the actual internal levels of cesium-137 among people eating plants and coconut crabs gathered from the northern islands of Rongelap Atoll islands until such time that the Nuclear Claims Tribunal guidelines are met.

  17. Characteristic Evolution and Matching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey Winicour

    2005-12-08

    I review the development of numerical evolution codes for general relativity based upon the characteristic initial value problem. Progress is traced from the early stage of 1D feasibility studies to 2D axisymmetric codes that accurately simulate the oscillations and gravitational collapse of relativistic stars and to current 3D codes that provide pieces of a binary black spacetime. A prime application of characteristic evolution is to compute waveforms via Cauchy-characteristic matching, which is also reviewed.

  18. Energy Innovation: Green Button Initiative Empowering Americans...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    100 energy leaders and innovators recently gathered for a Green Button event in San Diego to share best practices and identify new applications, tools, and services that aim to...

  19. Ris-R-1472(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-R-1472(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics Contents of Database Bank, revision I Gunner C on Wind Characteristics Contents of the database, revision I Abstract The main objective of IEA R&D Wind Annex XVII - Database on Wind Characteristics - has been to provide wind energy planners, designers

  20. Ris-R-1473(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-R-1473(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics Analyses of Wind Turbine Design Loads Gunner C R&D Wind Annex XVII - Database on Wind #12;IEA Annex XVII, Database on Wind Characteristics Analyses of W Characteristics - has been to provide wind energy planners, designers and researchers, as well

  1. Ris-R-1301(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-R-1301(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics Contents of Database Bank Gunner C. Larsen Risø XVII, Database on Wind Characteristics - Contents of the database Abstract The main objective of IEA R&D Wind Annex XVII - Database on Wind Characteristics - is to provide wind energy planners and designers

  2. Characteristic Evolution and Matching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey Winicour

    2012-01-12

    I review the development of numerical evolution codes for general relativity based upon the characteristic initial value problem. Progress in characteristic evolution is traced from the early stage of 1D feasibility studies to 2D axisymmetric codes that accurately simulate the oscillations and gravitational collapse of relativistic stars and to current 3D codes that provide pieces of a binary black hole spacetime. Cauchy codes have now been successful at simulating all aspects of the binary black hole problem inside an artificially constructed outer boundary. A prime application of characteristic evolution is to extend such simulations to null infinity where the waveform from the binary inspiral and merger can be unambiguously computed. This has now been accomplished by Cauchy-characteristic extraction, where data for the characteristic evolution is supplied by Cauchy data on an extraction worldtube inside the artificial outer boundary. The ultimate application of characteristic evolution is to eliminate the role of this outer boundary by constructing a global solution via Cauchy-characteristic matching. Progress in this direction is discussed.

  3. Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    The categories asked were thermal energy storage (TES) or pump storage; passive solar features; geothermal energy; well water for cooling; waste incineration to produce...

  4. Insights into Industrial Energy Auditing from the EADC Program: An Academic Perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muller, M. R.; Polomski, P. P.

    1993-01-01

    Energy auditing as a tool for energy conservation is discussed using insights gained from data gathered from the DOE EADC program over a ten year period. Details about the contents of the database, procedures for it access and sample "products...

  5. DOE NSTB Researchers Demonstrate R&D Successes to Asset Owners at EnergySec Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    More than 150 energy sector leaders—including nearly 100 asset owners and operators—gathered at the 2009 EnergySec Annual Summit in Seattle, WA, on Sept. 23-24, where researchers from the...

  6. Transuranic waste inventory, characteristics, generation, and facility assessment for treatment, storage, and disposal alternatives considered in the U.S. Department of Energy Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hong, K.; Kotek, T.; Folga, S.; Koebnick, B.; Wang, Y.; Kaicher, C.

    1996-12-01

    Transuranic waste (TRUW) loads and potential contaminant releases at and en route to treatment, storage, and disposal sites in the US Department of Energy (DOE) complex are important considerations in DOE`s Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (WM PEIS). Waste loads are determined in part by the level of treatment the waste has undergone and the complex-wide configuration of origination, treatment, storage, and disposal sites selected for TRUW management. Other elements that impact waste loads are treatment volumes, waste characteristics, and the unit operation parameters of the treatment technologies. Treatment levels and site configurations have been combined into six TRUW management alternatives for study in the WM PEIS. This supplemental report to the WM PEIS gives the projected waste loads and contaminant release profiles for DOE treatment sites under each of the six TRUW management alternatives. It gives TRUW characteristics and inventories for current DOE generation and storage sites, describes the treatment technologies for three proposed levels of TRUW treatment, and presents the representative unit operation parameters of the treatment technologies. The data presented are primary inputs to developing the costs, health risks, and socioeconomic and environmental impacts of treating, packaging, and shipping TRUW for disposal.

  7. Characteristic (Version A)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characteristic Solar AUV (Version A) Solar AUV (Version B) Depth 1000 m 1000 m Daily transit 30 m2 1.8 m2 Weight 90 kg 200 kg Figure 1 Solar Powered AUV Testbeds Solar Powered Autonomous Undersea that impact. Low cost, unmanned, long endurance mobile sampling systems are, in many cases, a desirable

  8. Characteristics of Energy Transport of Li-conditioned and non-Li-conditioned Plasmas in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ding, S.; Kaye, S. M.; Bell, R. E.; Kaita, R.; Kugel, H.; LeBlanc, B. P.; Paul, S.; Wan, B.

    2009-10-21

    The transport properties of NSTX plasmas obtained during the 2008 experimental cam- paign have been studied and are reported here. Transport trends and dependences have been isolated, and it is found that both electron and ion energy transport coefficients have strong dependences on local values of n?T, which in turn is strongly dependent on local current density profile. Without identifying this dependence, it is difficult to identify others, such as the dependence of transport coefficients on Bp (or q), Ip and Pheat. In addition, a comparison between discharges with and without Lithium wall conditioning has been made. While the trends in the two sets of data are similar, the thermal transport loss, especially in the electron channel, is found to strongly depend on the amount of Lithium deposited, decreasing by up to 50% of its no-Lithium value.

  9. Secretary of Energy Moniz Cuts Ribbon, Kicks Off Solar Decathlon...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    are able to tour the houses, gather ideas to use in their own homes, and learn how energy-saving features can help them save money today. The overall winner will be...

  10. Random Acts of Kindness: Helping Others Save Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A few years ago, my family gathered in Mississippi for a funeral. While we were there, we undertook the renovation of a living area and found it was quick and easy to make some energy efficient...

  11. 2014 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 2014 Summer Study is the 18th biennial ACEEE conference on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. A diverse group of professionals from around the world will gather at this pre-eminent meeting to...

  12. Offshore Resource Assessment and Design Conditions: A Data Requirements and Gaps Analysis for Offshore Renewable Energy Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Dennis; Frame, Caitlin; Gill, Carrie; Hanson, Howard; Moriarty, Patrick; Powell, Mark; Shaw, William J.; Wilczak, Jim; Wynne, Jason

    2012-03-01

    The offshore renewable energy industry requires accurate meteorological and oceanographic (“metocean”) data for evaluating the energy potential, economic viability, and engineering requirements of offshore renewable energy projects. It is generally recognized that currently available metocean data, instrumentation, and models are not adequate to meet all of the stakeholder needs on a national scale. Conducting wind and wave resource assessments and establishing load design conditions requires both interagency collaboration as well as valuable input from experts in industry and academia. Under the Department of Energy and Department of Interior Memorandum of Understanding, the Resource Assessment and Design Condition initiative supports collaborative national efforts by adding to core atmospheric and marine science knowledge relevant to offshore energy development. Such efforts include a more thorough understanding and data collection of key metocean phenomena such as wind velocity and shear; low-level jets; ocean, tidal, and current velocities; wave characteristics; geotechnical data relating to surface and subsurface characteristics; seasonal and diurnal variations; and the interaction among these conditions. Figure 1 presents a graphical representation of some metocean phenomena that can impact offshore energy systems. This document outlines the metocean observations currently available; those that are not available; and those that require additional temporal-spatial coverage, resolution, or processing for offshore energy in an effort to gather agreed-upon, needed observations.

  13. Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, district heat, district chilled water, propane, wood, coal, and active solar. In this survey, information about the use of these energy sources...

  14. Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    in order to make reliable estimates about gas transported for the account of others. Renewable Energy Sources The CBECS attempted to collect information on the use of renewable...

  15. Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    the sponsor the government, utility or sponsored in-house. Energy Management and Control System Heating or cooling system monitored or controlled by a computerized building...

  16. Unifying sensor fault detection with energy conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobson, Simon

    Unifying sensor fault detection with energy conservation Lei Fang and Simon Dobson School energy usage. Section 2 presents our framework, which is evaluated in section 3 by means of some reliability. Sensors are often energy-hungry and cannot operate over the long term, and the data they gather

  17. Spectral characteristics of single and coupled microresonator lasers comprising a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Brian

    Spectral characteristics of single and coupled microresonator lasers comprising a replica-molded introduced defect (2 section removed) have been examined with respect to the output spectrum, pump energy of intentionally introduced defects or coupled arrays of resonators to control the characteristics of microla- sers

  18. Design Considerations for a Universal Smart Energy Module for Energy Harvesting in Wireless

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turau, Volker

    of Technology, Germany Email: {juergen.jessen, venzke, turau}@tu-harburg.de http://www.ti5.tu of wireless sensor nodes. Energy harvesters gather electric energy from different environmental energy sources functionality, price, volume, and lifetime. The efficiency of the power module is the greatest challenge

  19. Energy-oriented models for WDM networks Abstract--A realistic energy-oriented model is necessary to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    [4]. Recent initiatives gathering major IT companies started to explore the energy savings and greenEnergy-oriented models for WDM networks Abstract-- A realistic energy-oriented model is necessary to formally characterize the energy consumption and the consequent carbon footprint of actual and future high

  20. Property:Other Characteristics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo,AltFuelVehicle2FlatDemandMonth3 Jump to: navigation, search ThisOperatingHours

  1. Property:Special Characteristics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report Url Jump to:ProgrammableYearSoftwarePage Jump

  2. Lands with Wilderness Characteristics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds Jump to: navigation,

  3. Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Housing Characteristics,

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming DryquestionnairesquestionnairesquestionnairesU.S.U.S.tni

  4. Wafer characteristics via reflectometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

    2010-10-19

    Various exemplary methods (800, 900, 1000, 1100) are directed to determining wafer thickness and/or wafer surface characteristics. An exemplary method (900) includes measuring reflectance of a wafer and comparing the measured reflectance to a calculated reflectance or a reflectance stored in a database. Another exemplary method (800) includes positioning a wafer on a reflecting support to extend a reflectance range. An exemplary device (200) has an input (210), analysis modules (222-228) and optionally a database (230). Various exemplary reflectometer chambers (1300, 1400) include radiation sources positioned at a first altitudinal angle (1308, 1408) and at a second altitudinal angle (1312, 1412). An exemplary method includes selecting radiation sources positioned at various altitudinal angles. An exemplary element (1650, 1850) includes a first aperture (1654, 1854) and a second aperture (1658, 1858) that can transmit reflected radiation to a fiber and an imager, respectfully.

  5. Performance Contracting and Energy Efficiency in the State Government Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01

    characteristics and energy efficiency activity 46 Tablecharacteristics and energy efficiency activity . 47 Tablecharacteristics and energy efficiency activity.. 49

  6. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Totals and Means of Floorspace, Number of Workers, and Hours of Operation, 1995 Building Characteristics RSE Column Factor: All Buildings (thousand) Total Floorspace (million...

  7. Controlling Methane Emissions in the Natural Gas Sector. A Review of Federal and State Regulatory Frameworks Governing Production, Gathering, Processing, Transmission, and Distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paranhos, Elizabeth; Kozak, Tracy G.; Boyd, William; Bradbury, James; Steinberg, D. C.; Arent, D. J.

    2015-04-23

    This report provides an overview of the regulatory frameworks governing natural gas supply chain infrastructure siting, construction, operation, and maintenance. Information was drawn from a number of sources, including published analyses, government reports, in addition to relevant statutes, court decisions and regulatory language, as needed. The scope includes all onshore facilities that contribute to methane emissions from the natural gas sector, focusing on three areas of state and federal regulations: (1) natural gas pipeline infrastructure siting and transportation service (including gathering, transmission, and distribution pipelines), (2) natural gas pipeline safety, and (3) air emissions associated with the natural gas supply chain. In addition, the report identifies the incentives under current regulatory frameworks to invest in measures to reduce leakage, as well as the barriers facing investment in infrastructure improvement to reduce leakage. Policy recommendations regarding how federal or state authorities could regulate methane emissions are not provided; rather, existing frameworks are identified and some of the options for modifying existing regulations or adopting new regulations to reduce methane leakage are discussed.

  8. Energy Efficient Routing with Adaptive Data Fusion in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yonghe

    Energy Efficient Routing with Adaptive Data Fusion in Sensor Networks Hong Luo College of Computer Adaptive Fusion Steiner Tree (AFST), for energy efficient data gathering in sensor networks that jointly, other networks may require complex operations for data fusion1 . Energy consumption of beamforming

  9. Optimization of distribution transformer efficiency characteristics. Final report, March 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    A method for distribution transformer loss evaluation was derived. The total levalized annual cost method was used and was extended to account properly for conditions of energy cost inflation, peak load growth, and transformer changeout during the evaluation period. The loss costs included were the no-load and load power losses, no-load and load reactive losses, and the energy cost of regulation. The demand and energy components of loss costs were treated separately to account correctly for the diversity of load losses and energy cost inflation. The complete distribution transformer loss evaluation equation is shown, with the nomenclature and definitions for the parameters provided. Tasks described are entitled: Establish Loss Evaluation Techniques; Compile System Cost Parameters; Compile Load Parameters and Loading Policies; Develop Transformer Cost/Performance Relationship; Define Characteristics of Multiple Efficiency Transformer Package; Minimize Life Cycle Cost Based on Single Efficiency Characteristic Transformer Design; Minimize Life Cycle Cost Based on Multiple Efficiency Characteristic Transformer Design; and Interpretation.

  10. A Taxonomy of Usability Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabbard, Joseph L.

    A Taxonomy of Usability Characteristics in Virtual Environments Deliverable to Office of Naval This document can be found at http://csgrad.cs.vt.edu/jgabbard/ve/taxonomy/ #12;#12;A Taxonomy of Usability accomplished, yielding a comprehensive multi-dimensional taxonomy of usability characteristics specifically

  11. SEDIMENTATION CHARACTERISTICS OF Giardia intestinalis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Dave

    SEDIMENTATION CHARACTERISTICS OF Giardia intestinalis CYSTS--RELEVANCE TO STANDARD METHODS _________________________________ _________________________________ #12;iii SEDIMENTATION CHARACTERISTICS OF Giardia intestinalis CYSTS--RELEVANCE TO STANDARD METHODS OF DETECTION By David J. Thomas May 1993 I investigated the sedimentation time of Giardia intestinalis cysts

  12. Web-based energy information systems for energy management and demand response in commercial buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Motegi, Naoya; Piette, Mary Ann; Kinney, Satkartar; Herter, Karen

    2003-04-18

    Energy Information Systems (EIS) for buildings are becoming widespread in the U.S., with more companies offering EIS products every year. As a result, customers are often overwhelmed by the quickly expanding portfolio of EIS feature and application options, which have not been clearly identified for consumers. The object of this report is to provide a technical overview of currently available EIS products. In particular, this report focuses on web-based EIS products for large commercial buildings, which allow data access and control capabilities over the Internet. EIS products combine software, data acquisition hardware, and communication systems to collect, analyze and display building information to aid commercial building energy managers, facility managers, financial managers and electric utilities in reducing energy use and costs in buildings. Data types commonly processed by EIS include energy consumption data; building characteristics; building system data, such as heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) and lighting data; weather data; energy price signals; and energy demand-response event information. This project involved an extensive review of research and trade literature to understand the motivation for EIS technology development. This study also gathered information on currently commercialized EIS. This review is not an exhaustive analysis of all EIS products; rather, it is a technical framework and review of current products on the market. This report summarizes key features available in today's EIS, along with a categorization framework to understand the relationship between EIS, Energy Management and Control Systems (EMCSs), and similar technologies. Four EIS types are described: Basic Energy Information Systems (Basic-EIS); Demand Response Systems (DRS); Enterprise Energy Management (EEM); and Web-based Energy Management and Control Systems (Web-EMCS). Within the context of these four categories, the following characteristics of EIS are discussed: Metering and Connectivity; Visualization and Analysis Features; Demand Response Features; and Remote Control Features. This report also describes the following technologies and the potential benefits of incorporating them into future EIS products: Benchmarking; Load Shape Analysis; Fault Detection and Diagnostics; and Savings Analysis.

  13. The purpose of this survey is to gather information needed to develop guidelines for ecological restoration project planning in Minnesota. We are asking you to provide cost and time estimates for site preparation,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    1 The purpose of this survey is to gather information needed to develop guidelines for ecological indicate which services & supplies are provided in-house, purchased/ hired out, or not offered or performed to page 7. Provided In-House Purchased/ Hired out Not Offered/ Not Performed A. Project Management

  14. PRO 07 LEAP--Low Power Energy Aware Processing PRO 07.1 Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    when needed and detailed energy information is gathered during their operation. Energy usage. This enables the host processor to obtain energy usage information across a wide range of devices monitoring and control capability that allows one to significantly reduce overall platform energy usage. Geo

  15. Directory of Energy Data Collection Forms: Forms in use as of October 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-28

    This is the seventeenth edition of the Directory of Energy Data Collection forms, an authoritative listing of selected public use forms currently used as basic energy information gathering tools by the Department of Energy (DOE). Originally entitled EIA Data Collection forms, this directory provides an overview of DOE`s energy information collection programs for decisionmakers in Government and industry.

  16. Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Major Characteristics

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYear JanNewMajor Characteristics of All Commercial Buildings

  17. Status Characteristics and Expectation States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, Joseph; Cohen, Bernard P.; Zelditch, Morris Jr.

    2015-07-19

    -Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 STATUS CHARACTERISTICS AND EXPECTATION STATES* Joseph Berger Bernard P. Cohen Morris Zelditch, Jr. Research for this paper was conducted with the support of NSF grant #G23990? for investigation of authority...

  18. GENERALIZED ORBIFOLD EULER CHARACTERISTIC OF ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-01-10

    orbifold Euler characteristic is always an integer, since (1-1) implies ?orb(M; G) = ...... by (h,t) permutes mr(c) elements {(?r,c,i,?r,c,i)}i for each [c] ? G? and r ? 1.

  19. Estimated global ocean wind power potential from QuikSCAT observations, accounting for turbine characteristics and siting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capps, Scott B; Zender, Charles S

    2010-01-01

    multi?megawatt wind turbine, Renewable Energy, Matthews, J.wind turbines in Europe and North America, Renewable Energy,wind power poten- tial on Hong Kong islands—An analysis of wind power and wind turbine characteristics, Renewable Energy,

  20. Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs 101

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar covers national energy efficiency program funding levels, funding sources, residential program characteristics, and a case study.

  1. PROCESS KNOWLEDGE DATA GATHERING AND REPORTING IN SUPPORT OF DECOMMISSIONING Health Physics Society Annual Meeting West Palm Beach, Florida June 27, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David A. King

    2011-06-27

    Summary of recent ORAU decommissioning activities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). Project objective was to generate approved Waste Lot Profiles for legacy facilities scheduled for demolition and shipment to the Environmental Management Waste Management Facility (EMWMF) or appropriate alternate facility. The form and content of process knowledge (PK) reports were developed with input from the EMWMF Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC) Attainment Team and regulators. PK may be defined as the knowledge of the design and the history of operations that occurs during the life cycle of a facility (paraphrased from SRNL guidance) - similar to the MARSSIM historical site assessment. Some types of PK data used to decommission ORNL and ETTP facilities include: (1) Design drawings; (2) Historical documents [e.g., History of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory by Thomas (1963) and A Brief History of the Chemical Technical Division (ORNL/M-2733)]; (3) Historical photographs; (4) Radiological survey reports; (5) Facility-specific databases - (a) Spill history, (b) Waste Information Tracking System (WITS), and (c) Hazardous Materials Management Information System (HMMIS); (6) Facility walkdown summary reports; and (7) Living memory data. Facility walkdowns are critical for worker safety planning and to assure on-the-ground-conditions match historical descriptions. For Oak Ridge operations, investigators also document the nature and number of items requiring special handling or disposition planning, such as the following: (1) Items containing polychlorinated biphenyls, asbestos, lead, or refrigerants; (2) Items with physical WAC restriction (e.g., large items, pipes, and concrete); and (3) Too 'hot' for EMWMF. Special emphasis was made to interview facility managers, scientists, technicians, or anyone with direct knowledge of process-related activities. Interviews often led to more contact names and reports but also offered anecdotal accounts of releases, process-related operations, maintenance activities, and other relevant information not addressed in the written record. 'Fun' part of PK data gathering. Often got not-so-useful information such as, 'The operations manager was a jerk and we all hated him.' PK data are used to indicate the presence or absence of contaminants. Multiple lines of investigation are necessary for characterization planning and to help determine which disposal facility is best suited for targeted wastes. The model used by ORAU assisted remediation contractors and EMWMF managers by identifying anomalous waste and items requiring special handling.

  2. Energy Characteristics and Energy Consumed in Large Hospital Buildings in

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets 9,Why Report‹ SeeEmergingU.S.

  3. Energy Use in Manufacturing

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2006-01-01

    This report addresses both manufacturing energy consumption and characteristics of the manufacturing economy related to energy consumption. In addition, special sections on fuel switching capacity and energy-management activities between 1998 and 2002 are also featured in this report.

  4. Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates? An Exploration of Policy Options and Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2006-01-01

    characteristics, including green energy tags, renewableAttributes of Renewable Energy (Green Tags), Energy ServiceAttributes of Renewable Energy (Green Tags), Energy Service

  5. Fleet vehicles in the Unites States: composition, operating characteristics, and fueling practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miaou, S.P.; Hu, P.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Young, J.R. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1992-05-01

    As fleets become a larger proportion of the new vehicle population on the road, they have more influence on the characteristics of the total US motor vehicle population. One of the characteristics which fleets are expected to have the most influence on is the overall vehicle fuel economy. In addition, because of the relatively large market share and the high turnover rate of fleet vehicles, fleets have been considered as a useful initial market for alternative fuel vehicles. In order to analyze fleet market potential and likely market penetration of alternative fuel vehicles and to infrastructure requirements for successful operations of these vehicles in the future, information on fleet sizes and composition, fleet vehicle operating characteristics (such as daily/annual miles of travel), fuel efficiency, and refueling practices, is essential. The purpose of this report is to gather and summarize information from the latest data sources available pertaining to fleet vehicles in the US This report presents fleet vehicle data on composition, operating characteristics, and fueling practices. The questions these data are intended to address include: (1) How are fleet vehicles operated? (2) Where are they located? and (3) What are their usual fueling practices? Since a limited number of alternative fuel fleet vehicles are already in use, data on these vehicles are also included in this report. 17 refs.

  6. How to Conduct an Energy Efficiency Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biles, J. E.

    1979-01-01

    This paper describes how to organize a team of specialists in order to conduct an energy efficiency study in a totally unfamiliar plant. In-plant data gathering techniques are presented as well as methods for obtaining ideas and information from...

  7. System Design - Lessons Learned, Generic Concepts, Characteristics...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Design - Lessons Learned, Generic Concepts, Characteristics & Impacts System Design - Lessons Learned, Generic Concepts, Characteristics & Impacts Presented at the DOE-DOD...

  8. Health Care Buildings : Basic Characteristics Tables

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Basic Characteristics Tables Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics for Health Care Buildings Number of Buildings (thousand) Percent of Buildings Floorspace (million...

  9. Standard Energy Efficiency Data (SEED) Platform: A Tool for Jurisdictions to Track and Transact Energy Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Cody

    2014-01-01

    approach to building energy characteristics. We anticipateto describe time-series energy usage data. Site Location-­?for Commercial Building Energy Audits. American Society of

  10. Persistence Characteristics of Stormwater BMPs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantity Characteristics Base flow Median flow Dominant discharge Variability Memory #12;5 Water Quality 16 #12;Dry vs Wet Weather Water Quality (TON, Fecal Coli) Scatterplot of paired Fecal Coliform;21 Representation of Time Series Data Raw Data (table or file) Time series plot Simple statistics Cumulative

  11. BELLCOMM, INC. GEOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    . . . . . . . . 4 2. LITTROW AREA. . . . . 9 3. ABULFEDA (CRATER CHAIN). . 13 4. HYGINUS CRATER AND RILLE of the Characteristics . Mobility Requirements . Expected Achievements . Conclusions. . 50 · 51 · 52 · 54 · 59 . . . 60 Landing Site for Hyginus Crater and Rille. . . . . . . Proposed Landing Site in the Littrow Area 12

  12. POWER CHARACTERISTICS OF INDUSTRIAL AIR COMPRESSORS Chris Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    POWER CHARACTERISTICS OF INDUSTRIAL AIR COMPRESSORS Chris Schmidt Graduate Assistant / Project of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University of Dayton Dayton, Ohio ABSTRACT The power draw to energy input, which we call the average operating efficiency, based on input power to the compressor

  13. Research papers Tidal characteristics of the gulf of Tonkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    calibration derived from a set of sensitivity experiments to model parameters. The tidal energy budgetResearch papers Tidal characteristics of the gulf of Tonkin Nguyen Nguyet Minh a,c , Marchesiello of this study is to revisit the dominant physical processes that characterize tidal dynamics in the Gulf

  14. Influence of wind characteristics on turbine performance Ioannis Antoniou (1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of wind characteristics on turbine performance Ioannis Antoniou (1) , Rozenn Wagner (1 (2) , Peder Enevoldsen (2) , Leo Thesbjerg (3) (1): Wind Energy Department, Risø): Siemens Wind Power (3): Vestas Wind Systems A/S Summary The uncertainty of power performance measurements

  15. Adaptive Data Fusion for Energy Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yonghe

    1 Adaptive Data Fusion for Energy Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Hong Luo, Jun Luo redundancy and hence curtail network load, the fusion process itself may introduce significant energy Fusion Steiner Tree (AFST), for energy efficient data gathering in sensor networks. Not only does AFST

  16. Controlling Methane Emissions in the Natural Gas Sector: A Review of Federal & State Regulatory Frameworks Governing Production, Gathering, Processing, Transmission, and Distribution

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartmentEnergy comparingDeep January 2012 PURPOSE ThisProject

  17. IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

    2011-01-01

    Valley Water District Energy Management Program. Available2005. Navigating Energy Management: A Roadmap for Business.Characteristics and Energy Management Opportunities. Burton

  18. Study of energy R and D in the private sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    This study supplies DOE with information pertinent to the formulation of realistic national energy research policies and facilitates cooperation between government and business in the development and commercialization of new and improved energy technologies. The study gathered information on the amount of energy-related research and development that private companies are doing, types of energy-related programs they report, and their perceptions about appropriate areas for government support. Mail questionnaires obtained data on the amount of corporate research funding in specific energy-related technology areas and the interviews gathered information on corporate energy strategies, major commercial activities, and specific research plans in four major areas - conservation, supply, energy production and transmission, and new products. (MCW)

  19. COD removal characteristics in air-cathode microbial fuel cells Bioresource Technology, Volume 176, 2015, Pages 23-31.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such as activated sludge process require large amount of energy to remove them. Microbial fuel cell (MFC-cathode microbial fuel cells - Renewable Energy Glob.Search... COD removal characteristics in air-cathode microbial fuel cells Bioresource Technology

  20. Performance Contracting and Energy Efficiency in the State Government Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01

    not collect baseline energy consumption data for their statedoes not have any energy consumption data for CSU campuses?characteristics or energy consumption data is not current or

  1. LIGHT EMITTING DIODE CHARACTERISTICS (SAMPLE LAB WRITEUP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeill, John A.

    1 LIGHT EMITTING DIODE CHARACTERISTICS (SAMPLE LAB WRITEUP) John A. McNeill ECE Box 000 January 19, 1997 ABSTRACT This lab investigates the V-I characteristic of a light-emitting diode (LED

  2. ORNL/TM-2000/160 Database Development of Land Use Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORNL/TM-2000/160 Database Development of Land Use Characteristics along Major U.S. Highways Demin Xiong Center for Transportation Analysis Energy Division June 2000 Prepared for Bureau of Transportation

  3. Discharge characteristics and dynamics of compressive plasma streams generated by a compact magnetoplasma compressor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garkusha, I. E.; Tereshin, V. I.; Chebotarev, V. V.; Solyakov, D. G.; Petrov, Yu. V.; Ladygina, M. S.; Marchenko, A. K.; Staltsov, V. V.; Yelisyeyev, D. V. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology,' (Ukraine)

    2011-11-15

    Results from experimental studies of a compact magnetoplasma compressor designed for operation with heavy gases are presented. The integral characteristics of the discharge and the energy contents and other parameters of the generated xenon plasma streams are determined.

  4. Characteristic hypersurfaces in a relativistic superfluid theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Linet

    1998-12-16

    By discussing the Cauchy problem, we determine the covariant equation of the characteristic hypersurfaces in a relativistic superfluid theory.

  5. Tier identification (TID) for tiered memory characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Jichuan; Lim, Kevin T; Ranganathan, Parthasarathy

    2014-03-25

    A tier identification (TID) is to indicate a characteristic of a memory region associated with a virtual address in a tiered memory system. A thread may be serviced according to a first path based on the TID indicating a first characteristic. The thread may be serviced according to a second path based on the TID indicating a second characteristic.

  6. Doppler characteristics of sea clutter.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raynal, Ann Marie; Doerry, Armin Walter

    2010-06-01

    Doppler radars can distinguish targets from clutter if the target's velocity along the radar line of sight is beyond that of the clutter. Some targets of interest may have a Doppler shift similar to that of clutter. The nature of sea clutter is different in the clutter and exo-clutter regions. This behavior requires special consideration regarding where a radar can expect to find sea-clutter returns in Doppler space and what detection algorithms are most appropriate to help mitigate false alarms and increase probability of detection of a target. This paper studies the existing state-of-the-art in the understanding of Doppler characteristics of sea clutter and scattering from the ocean to better understand the design and performance choices of a radar in differentiating targets from clutter under prevailing sea conditions.

  7. Low-level waste inventory, characteristics, generation, and facility assessment for treatment, storage, and disposal alternatives considered in the US Department of Energy waste management programmatic environmental impact statement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goyette, M.L.; Dolak, D.A.

    1996-12-01

    This report provides technical support information for use in analyzing environmental impacts associated with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) low-level radioactive waste (LLW) management alternatives in the Waste-Management (WM) Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS). Waste loads treated and disposed of for each of the LLW alternatives considered in the DOE WM PEIS are presented. Waste loads are presented for DOE Waste Management (WM) wastes, which are generated from routine operations. Radioactivity concentrations and waste quantities for treatment and disposal under the different LLW alternatives are described for WM waste. 76 refs., 14 figs., 42 tabs.

  8. Evaluation of the Energy-Related Inventions Program. Volume 1. Analysis of case studies of supported projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rorke, M.G.; Bronfman, L.M.; Soderstrom, E.J.

    1983-02-01

    This volume reports the analysis of the results of 30 case studies of grantees funded by the Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP). ERIP is one of several federal programs supporting invention and innovation in the private sector. It is a relatively small program with an annual budget of $5 to 6 million that focuses its attention on the independent inventor or small business with an energy-related invention. Support to the inventory or small business comes primarily in the form of a grant. The overall goal of the program is to stimulate innovation by individuals and small businesses and to assist in the development of promising energy-related inventions for eventual commercialization. This volume is an aggregation and synthesis of the data gathered in the case studies. (Volume 2 contains the case studies.) The case studies explore in-depth the characteristics, perceptions, and experiences of inventors and agency personnel who have participated in the ERIP. Thus they are a rich source of information for use in evaluating the process by which the program's goals and objectives are implemented and for evaluating the program;s usefulness in producing the results intended by the legislative mandate.

  9. Optical Absorption Characteristics of Silicon Nanowires for Photovoltaic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parkash, Vidur

    2010-01-01

    Solar cells have generated a lot of interest as a potential source of clean renewable energy for the future. However a big bottleneck in wide scale deployment of these energy sources remain the low efficiency of these conversion devices. Recently the use of nanostructures and the strategy of quantum confinement have been as a general approach towards better charge carrier generation and capture. In this article we have presented calculations on the optical characteristics of nanowires made out of Silicon. Our calculations show these nanowires form excellent optoelectronic materials and may yield efficient photovoltaic devices.

  10. DOE and Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships Host Two-Day Market Introduction Workshop in Boston

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Over 100 attendees gathered in Boston, MA to participate in the "Voices for SSL Efficiency" Solid-State Lighting Workshop on July 16-17, 2007. The workshop, hosted by DOE and Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP), was the second DOE meeting to explore how Federal, State, and private-sector organizations can work together to guide market introduction of high-performance SSL products. The first workshop, hosted by DOE and Southern California Edison, was held in Pasadena in April 2007. In both workshops, a diverse gathering of participants – energy efficiency organizations, utilities, government, and industry – shared insights, ideas, and updates on the rapidly evolving SSL market.

  11. Monthly energy review, September 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-09-25

    An ``energy snapshot`` article is included on housing characteristics in 1993 (survey of 7,111 households). The rest of the document is divided into: energy overview, energy consumption, petroleum, natural gas, oil and gas resource development, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, energy prices, international energy, and appendices (conversion factors, CO2 emission factors from coal, index, glossary).

  12. Hydrogen Energy Stations: Poly-Production of Electricity, Hydrogen, and Thermal Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipman, Timothy; Brooks, Cameron

    2006-01-01

    shaving and backup power, and the station is expected toor “onsite power”), energy stations offer a potentially moreCharacteristics of Energy Station Power Technologies Low/

  13. Insensitivity of the pressure dependences of characteristic energy scales in Ce1–xRxCoIn? (R=Yb,Y,Gd) to the electronic configuration of the rare-earth ion

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    White, B. D.; Hamlin, J. J.; Huang, K.; Shu, L.; Lum, I. K.; Baumbach, R. E.; Janoschek, M.; Maple, M. B.

    2012-09-11

    Cooperative Ce and Yb valence fluctuations have recently been proposed as the mechanism responsible for stabilizing correlated electron phenomena in Ce??xYbxCoIn? over an unexpectedly large range of concentrations. In order to better understand the origins and character of this stability, we have measured the effect of applied pressure on relevant energy scales such as the superconducting critical (Tc) and Kondo-lattice coherence (T*) temperatures of Ce??xRxCoIn? with R=Yb, Y, and Gd. Electrical resistivity measurements were performed under applied pressure on samples doped with intermediate-valent Yb and stable-valent Gd and Y, and the responses of Tc and T* to increased pressure inmore »these systems are compared. The character of Tc(P) and T*(P) in Ce??xRxCoIn? depends only on their respective ambient-pressure values Tc(0) and T*(0), independent of the electronic configuration of R or concentration x. The consequences of this result are discussed within the context of possible cooperative valence fluctuations in Ce??xYbxCoIn?.« less

  14. Insensitivity of the pressure dependences of characteristic energy scales in Ce1–xRxCoIn? (R=Yb,Y,Gd) to the electronic configuration of the rare-earth ion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, B. D.; Hamlin, J. J.; Huang, K.; Shu, L.; Lum, I. K.; Baumbach, R. E.; Janoschek, M.; Maple, M. B.

    2012-09-01

    Cooperative Ce and Yb valence fluctuations have recently been proposed as the mechanism responsible for stabilizing correlated electron phenomena in Ce??xYbxCoIn? over an unexpectedly large range of concentrations. In order to better understand the origins and character of this stability, we have measured the effect of applied pressure on relevant energy scales such as the superconducting critical (Tc) and Kondo-lattice coherence (T*) temperatures of Ce??xRxCoIn? with R=Yb, Y, and Gd. Electrical resistivity measurements were performed under applied pressure on samples doped with intermediate-valent Yb and stable-valent Gd and Y, and the responses of Tc and T* to increased pressure in these systems are compared. The character of Tc(P) and T*(P) in Ce??xRxCoIn? depends only on their respective ambient-pressure values Tc(0) and T*(0), independent of the electronic configuration of R or concentration x. The consequences of this result are discussed within the context of possible cooperative valence fluctuations in Ce??xYbxCoIn?.

  15. Insensitivity of the pressure dependences of characteristic energy scales in Ce1–xRxCoIn? (R=Yb,Y,Gd) to the electronic configuration of the rare-earth ion

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    White, B. D.; Hamlin, J. J.; Huang, K.; Shu, L.; Lum, I. K.; Baumbach, R. E.; Janoschek, M.; Maple, M. B.

    2012-09-01

    Cooperative Ce and Yb valence fluctuations have recently been proposed as the mechanism responsible for stabilizing correlated electron phenomena in Ce??xYbxCoIn? over an unexpectedly large range of concentrations. In order to better understand the origins and character of this stability, we have measured the effect of applied pressure on relevant energy scales such as the superconducting critical (Tc) and Kondo-lattice coherence (T*) temperatures of Ce??xRxCoIn? with R=Yb, Y, and Gd. Electrical resistivity measurements were performed under applied pressure on samples doped with intermediate-valent Yb and stable-valent Gd and Y, and the responses of Tc and T* to increased pressure in these systems are compared. The character of Tc(P) and T*(P) in Ce??xRxCoIn? depends only on their respective ambient-pressure values Tc(0) and T*(0), independent of the electronic configuration of R or concentration x. The consequences of this result are discussed within the context of possible cooperative valence fluctuations in Ce??xYbxCoIn?.

  16. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4 Arizona - NaturalYear1 U.S. Energy0 U.S.1

  17. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4 Arizona - NaturalYear1 U.S. Energy0 U.S.1Geographic

  18. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4 Arizona - NaturalYear1 U.S. Energy0

  19. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4 Arizona - NaturalYear1 U.S. Energy0Buildings Use

  20. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4 Arizona - NaturalYear1 U.S. Energy0Buildings

  1. Eliminating the Effects of a Status Characteristic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freese, Lee; Cohen, Bernard P

    2015-08-12

    ), and from the aggregation function proposed in the developing theory of status characteristics and expectation states (Berger et al. 1974; 1977)....

  2. NQA-1 Commercial Grade Dedication Critical Characteristics |...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Dedication Critical Characteristics May 5, 2015 Presenter: Randy P. Lanham, PE, CSP, Fire Protection Chief Engineer Consolidated Nuclear Solutions - Pantex, LLC Topics Covered:...

  3. Aerodynamic characteristics of seven symmetrical airfoil sections...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    180-degree angle of attack for use in aerodynamic analysis of vertical axis wind turbines Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Aerodynamic characteristics of seven...

  4. DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC ACCELERATION MODEL CHARACTERISTICS FOR...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC ACCELERATION MODEL CHARACTERISTICS FOR SOLAR FLARES FROM RHESSI HARD X-RAY OBSERVATIONS Citation Details In-Document Search Title: DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC...

  5. Regional characteristics, tilt domains, and extensional history...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Report Number 303 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Regional characteristics, tilt domains, and extensional history of the...

  6. A Statistical Analysis of Characteristics of Mesoscale Convective System Mountain Initiation Location Clusters in the Arkansas-Red River Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Callen, Elisabeth F.

    2012-12-31

    American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) data was gathered NOMADS (National Climatic Data Center 2011). Once observations for all the variables were gathered for each MCS cluster, Multiple Linear Regressions (MLRs) and Principal Component Analyses (PCAs) were...

  7. The Inner Solar System Characteristics of Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    The Inner Solar System #12;The Earth #12;Characteristics of Earth A terrestrial, rocky planet floats on mantle · Crust is created and destroyed #12;Characteristics of Earth Today Surface: · 70% water · 30% land Atmosphere: ·77% N2 ·21% O2 ·0.1% H2O ·+Ar, CO2, Ne #12;The Dynamic Earth Molten Core

  8. COMPUTING CHARACTERISTIC CLASSES OF PROJECTIVE PAOLO ALUFFI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMPUTING CHARACTERISTIC CLASSES OF PROJECTIVE SCHEMES PAOLO ALUFFI Abstract. We discuss an algorithm computing the push-forward to projective space of several classes associated to a (possibly computing, among other things, the topological Euler characteristic of the support of a projective scheme

  9. Changes in precipitation characteristics and extremes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Richard P.

    Changes in precipitation characteristics and extremes Comparing Mediterranean to change Swiss characteristics Comparing Mediterranean to north-western European precipitation Master Thesis April 2012 Author precipitation 502) dvogel@student.ethz.ch Dr Richard Allan (University of Reading) Prof Dr Martin Wild (ETH

  10. Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Diesel Aerosol | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Physical Characteristics of Diesel Aerosol Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Diesel Aerosol 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: University of Minnesota...

  11. Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not find what youSummerEmployment Opportunities Thank you forEnergy

  12. ENERGY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementof EnergyQuality'Lean' System09 EMABMay 200810 U.S.

  13. New Light on Dark Energy (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Linder, Eric; Ho, Shirly; Aldering, Greg; Fraiknoi, Andrew

    2011-06-08

    A panel of Lab scientists ? including Eric Linder, Shirly Ho, and Greg Aldering ? along with Andrew Fraiknoi, the Bay Area's most popular astronomy explainer, gathered at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre on Monday, April 25, 2011, for a discussion about "New Light on Dark Energy." Topics will include hunting down Type 1a supernovae, measuring the universe using baryon oscillation, and whether dark energy is the true driver of the universe.

  14. Memorial Gathering Pending for NERSC's Michael Welcome

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    his 30-year career, Welcome made significant contributions in the areas of applied mathematics, system administration and improving the efficiency of high performance computing...

  15. Information Gathering Session Gillian Charles & Ken Dragoon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - scale, cost-effective, low carbon resources. ­ Survey resource development potential GEN-11. Resource and associated technologies. ­ Hydropower upgrades, new hydropower projects 3 Purpose Develop a hydro supply curve to determine the hydropower development potential in the NW region ­ Council's Seventh Power Plan

  16. Memorial Gathering Pending for NERSC's Michael Welcome

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion MeasurementMemorandum of

  17. Office of Inspector General audit report on the U.S. Department of Energy`s aircraft activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-01-01

    On October 19, 1998, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) was asked to undertake a review of the Department of Energy`s aircraft activities. It was also requested that they report back within 90 days. The OIG has gathered information concerning the number of aircraft, the level of utilization, and the cost of the Department`s aircraft operations. They have also briefly summarized four issues that, in their judgment, may require management attention.

  18. Renewable Energy and Efficiency Modeling Analysis Partnership: An Analysis of How Different Energy Models Addressed a Common High Renewable Energy Penetration Scenario in 2025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blair, N.

    2010-01-01

    system benefits charges for renewable energy Table 2.benefit charges for renewables RPS Policy Assumptions • Renewable Energybenefit) gy y • Characteristics of the renewable and end-use energy

  19. Energy Impacts of Envelope Tightening and Mechanical Ventilation for the U.S. Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logue, J.M.

    2014-01-01

    Residential Venitlaiton and Energy Characteristics. ASHRAEIncremental Ventilation Energy Model for Estimating ImpactsMethod. 2008, California Energy Commision. Walker, I.S. and

  20. Utility Partnerships Webinar Series: State Policies to Promote Utility Energy Efficiency Programs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Components and common characteristics of industrial energy efficiency programs, Michigan’s energy efficiency policies, and Washington State’s approach in establishing energy efficiency policies.

  1. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY SYSTEMS IN CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: A PRELIMINARY REPORT, VOLUME I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01

    Conversion to Fuels SOLAR ENERGY . . Characteristics of theor Mechanical Resource Solar Energy Biomass, Land Biomass,unlikely applications for solar energy. of the industrial

  2. The status of energy planning in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.R.; Fonseca, M.G.

    1991-08-01

    This report examines the current status of national energy planning in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama. A framework is provided that divides energy planning activities into two broad categories: the fundamental tasks'' and the bounding conditions.'' The fundamental tasks of energy planning include the gathering and systematizing of data, conducting energy situation analyses and short- or long-term planning for the country, and defining and implementing national energy plans. While the bonding conditions are situations that preclude completion of fundamental tasks, such as level of technical expertise. 20 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Energy Economics and Corporate Profitability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, J. S.

    1982-01-01

    attitudes about energy conservation and planning come from using economic measures that do not accurately reflect the future earnings capabilities and cash flow generating characteristics of industrial firms. An action plan is presented for energy managers...

  4. Spectral characteristics of VUV radiation emitted by a laser plume

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khater, Mohamed A., E-mail: makhater@imamu.edu.sa [Department of Physics, College of Science, Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), P.O. Box: 99909, 22611 Riyadh, KSA (Saudi Arabia)

    2013-12-16

    We study some experimental parameters and conditions of laser-generated plasma plumes using time-integrated, spatially resolved emission spectroscopy in the VUV range. The influences of the laser focusing lens type, laser wavelength, as well as laser pulse energy on the emission characteristics of the laser plasmas are investigated. The aim of the work is to improve the detection capability of the laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS) technique. The results obtained demonstrate a set of optimum conditions for maximum spectral line intensities and signal-to-background ratios of laser-produced plasmas in the VUV regime.

  5. Acoustic characteristics of bay bottom sediments in Lavaca Bay, TX 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patch, Mary Catherine

    2005-08-29

    . The Lavaca Bay estuary is a drowned river valley containing a history of estuary development in the late Pleistocene and Holocene. We used a chirp sonar to gather acoustic reflection profiles, which were classified to categorize and trace reflectors. The data...

  6. Market characteristics of future oil tanker operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willemann, Simmy Dhawan

    2014-01-01

    This work analyzes the market characteristics of future oil tanker operations with a particular emphasis on those aspects which will have a potential impact on the design of future vessels. The market analysis model used ...

  7. Future characteristics of Offshore Support Vessels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Robin Sebastian Koske

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to examine trends in Offshore Support Vessel (OSV) design and determine the future characteristics of OSVs based on industry insight and supply chain models. Specifically, this thesis focuses ...

  8. 1997 Housing Characteristics Tables Housing Unit Tables

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1997 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total 1997 Household Income Below Poverty Line Eli- gible for Fed- eral Assist- ance 1 RSE Row Factors Less than 10,000...

  9. Contractual form, retail price and asset characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Andrea

    1991-01-01

    Predictions derived from a principal-agent analysis of the manufacturer-retailer relationship are derived and tested using microdata on contractual form, outlet characteristics and retail prices for gasoline stations in ...

  10. Total lightning characteristics of ordinary convection 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motley, Shane Michael

    2009-06-02

    Twenty-two isolated, non-severe, warm season thunderstorms (ordinary thunderstorms) were examined to test possible correlations between three-dimensional lightning flash characteristics and the complex evolution of the ...

  11. Primary Characteristics of Loan Loss Reserve Funds | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrderNATIONAL CHAIRSEnergyPresidential RankSales

  12. Ethiopian Geothermal Resources and Their Characteristics | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdisto Electric Coop,Erosion Flume Jump to:Ethanol

  13. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 202561 Total Number of

  14. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 202561 Total Number

  15. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 202561 Total Number3

  16. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 202561 Total Number34

  17. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 202561 Total Number345

  18. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 202561 Total

  19. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 202561 Total7

  20. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 202561 Total78

  1. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 2025611881 200323561

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 2025611881 2003235612

  3. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 2025611881 20032356123

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 2025611881

  5. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 20256118815 Commercial

  6. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 20256118815

  7. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 202561188157

  8. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 2025611881578 2003

  9. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) & New Clean Renewable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    conservation bond and new clean renewable energy bonds, including characteristics, mechanics, allocated volume, and other information. Author: U.S. Department of Energy...

  10. January 29 Webinar to Highlight the Latest Developments in Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    developments in renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies. In addition to learning about the unique characteristics of biomass, geothermal, hydropower, solar, wind,...

  11. Measuring value added characteristics in feeder cattle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathews, Crystal Dawn

    2009-05-15

    VALUE-ADDED CHARACTERISTICS IN FEEDER CATTLE A Thesis by CRYSTAL DAWN MATHEWS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 2007 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics MEASURING VALUE-ADDED CHARACTERISTICS IN FEEDER CATTLE A Thesis by CRYSTAL DAWN MATHEWS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University...

  12. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--HVAC Conservation...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Those commercial buildings that used HVAC conservation features...

  13. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Some Technical Challenges Symposium on Modeling & Control of Alternative Energy Systems Joe Miller - Modern Grid Team Lead April 2, 2009 1 Conducted by the National Energy...

  14. Analysis of characteristic of microwave regeneration for diesel particulate filter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ning Zhi; Zhang Guanglong; Lu Yong; Liu Junmin; Gao Xiyan; Liang Iunhui; Chen Jiahua [Dalian Univ. of Technology (China)

    1995-12-31

    The mathematical model for the microwave regeneration of diesel particulate filter is proposed according to the characteristic of microwave regeneration process. The model is used to calculate the temperature field, distribution of particulate and density field of oxygen in the filter during the process of regeneration with typical ceramic foam particulate filter data. The parametric study demonstrates how some of the main parameters, such as microwave attenuation constant of the filter, filter particulate loading, the power and distribution of microwave energy and so on, affect the efficiency of regeneration, the maximum filter temperature and regeneration duration. The results show that it is possible to regenerate the diesel particulate filters in certain conditions by using microwave energy. This paper can give one a whole understanding to several main factors that have effects on the process of microwave regeneration and provide a theoretical basis for the optimal design of the microwave regeneration system.

  15. Distributed utility technology cost, performance, and environmental characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wan, Y.; Adelman, S.

    1995-06-01

    Distributed Utility (DU) is an emerging concept in which modular generation and storage technologies sited near customer loads in distribution systems and specifically targeted demand-side management programs are used to supplement conventional central station generation plants to meet customer energy service needs. Research has shown that implementation of the DU concept could provide substantial benefits to utilities. This report summarizes the cost, performance, and environmental and siting characteristics of existing and emerging modular generation and storage technologies that are applicable under the DU concept. It is intended to be a practical reference guide for utility planners and engineers seeking information on DU technology options. This work was funded by the Office of Utility Technologies of the US Department of Energy.

  16. A Review of Energy Storage Technologies for Marine Current Energy Systems A Review of Energy Storage Technologies for Marine Current Energy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Review of Energy Storage Technologies for Marine Current Energy Systems 1 A Review of Energy reliable, energy storage systems can play a crucial role. In this paper, an overview and the state of art of energy storage technologies are presented. Characteristics of various energy storage technologies

  17. Worldwide status of energy standards for buildings: Appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janda, K.B.; Busch, J.F.

    1993-02-01

    This informal survey was designed to gain information about the worldwide status of energy efficiency standards for buildings, particularly non-residential buildings such as offices, schools, and hotels. The project has three goals: 1. To understand and learn from the experience of countries with existing building energy standards; 2. To locate areas where these lessons might be applied and energy standards might be effectively proposed and developed; and 3. To share the information gathered with all participating countries. These appendices include the survey cover letter, the survey, and the details of selected energy standards in 35 countries, thus providing supporting material for the authors` article of the same title.

  18. Femtosecond laser plasma plume characteristics in the nanojoule ablation regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banerjee, S. P.; Chen, Zhijiang; Fedosejevs, R. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G2V4 (Canada)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G2V4 (Canada)

    2013-05-14

    Laser ablation of chromium with nanojoule energy UV femtosecond pulses under background pressure conditions between 0.3 Torr and 700 Torr is studied and the corresponding plasma plume images at different times after irradiation are measured. The ablation focal spot is less than or the order of a micron when 170 nJ of laser pulse energy is used. This low pulse energy leads to short lifetimes of the plasma of the order of tens of nanoseconds. The plume shape changes with ambient pressure due to the collision with background gas. An axially stretched plume changes to a more circular plume as the pressure increases. In addition, a separation of the ionic and atomic components is observed at lower pressure. These two components move at significantly different velocities as well. The plasma plume expands at almost constant velocity at very low pressure but exhibits significant deceleration at higher pressure reaching an asymptotic stopping distance. Plume images are also obtained near the ablation threshold pulse energy. The plume characteristics are compared to different models of plume expansion.

  19. Detailed Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperatur...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperature Combustion Engines Detailed Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperature Combustion Engines 2012...

  20. Experimental and Modeling Studies of the Characteristics of Liquid...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Experimental and Modeling Studies of the Characteristics of Liquid Biofuels for Enhanced Combustion Experimental and Modeling Studies of the Characteristics of Liquid Biofuels for...

  1. Characteristics of seismic waves from Soviet peaceful nuclear...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Characteristics of seismic waves from Soviet peaceful nuclear explosions in salt Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Characteristics of seismic waves from...

  2. An Experimental Study of PM Emission Characteristics of Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    An Experimental Study of PM Emission Characteristics of Commercial Diesel Engine with Urea-SCR System An Experimental Study of PM Emission Characteristics of Commercial Diesel...

  3. Discovery and characteristics of the rapidly rotating active...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Discovery and characteristics of the rapidly rotating active asteroid (62412) 2000 SY178 in the main belt Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Discovery and characteristics...

  4. Oxidation characteristics of gasoline direct-injection (GDI)...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    characteristics of gasoline direct-injection (GDI) engine soot: Catalytic effects of ash and modified kinetic correlation Title Oxidation characteristics of gasoline...

  5. Analysis of engineering management characteristics employed in the defense industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutiérrez, Sara S. (Sara Sofia Gutiérrez Cervantes)

    2009-01-01

    An analysis of the engineering management characteristics present in companies in the defense industry was performed. These aspects include the organization characteristics of structure, hierarchy, and standards and ...

  6. Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop: Report of Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruth, M.; Antkowiak, M.; Gossett, S.

    2011-12-01

    Two of the major challenges the U.S. energy sector faces are greenhouse gas emissions and oil that is both imported and potentially reaching a peak (the point at which maximum extraction is reached). Interest in development of both renewable and nuclear energy has been strong because both have potential for overcoming these challenges. Research in both energy sources is ongoing, but relatively little research has focused on the potential benefits of combining nuclear and renewable energy. In September 2011, the Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis (JISEA) convened the Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to identify potential synergies and strategic leveraging opportunities between nuclear energy and renewable energy. Industry, government, and academic thought leaders gathered to identify potential broad categories of synergies and brainstorm topic areas for additional analysis and research and development (R&D). This report records the proceedings and outcomes of the workshop.

  7. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Delivery and Energy Reliability MODERN GRID S T R A T E G Y Danish Power System Transformation 58 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability MODERN GRID S T R...

  8. Nonlinear Characteristics of Wave Propagation over Vegetation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkattaramanan, Aravinda

    2014-04-28

    The attenuation of wave energy by submerged or near-emergent coastal vegetation is one of the prominent methods of energy dissipation in areas with significant presence of wetlands. In this thesis, the nature of this dissipation in nearshore random...

  9. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mode Fault current limiters Superconducting transmission cable & rotating machines Microgrids Advanced switches and conductors Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy...

  10. Ris Energy Report 2 References chapter 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    chapter 4 1. Lars Nikolaisen (2002). Quality characteristics of biofuel pellets. Eltra PSO/Energistyrelsen. 2. Wood for Energy Production. Technology, Environment, Economy. The Centre for Biomass Technology

  11. Buildings and Energy in the 1980s

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    conducted in two stages: (1) A Household (RECS)Building (CBECS) Survey and an Energy Suppliers Survey. The HouseholdBuilding Characteristics Survey consists of personal...

  12. Measurements of Smoke Characteristics in HVAC Ducts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolin, Steven D; Ryder, Noah L; Leprince, Frederic; Milke, James; Mowrer, Frederick; Torero, Jose L

    2001-01-01

    The characteristics of smoke traveling in an HVAC duct have been observed along with the response of selected duct smoke detectors. The simulated HVAC system consists of a 9 m long duct, 0.45 m in diameter. An exhaust fan is placed at one end...

  13. Communication Characteristics in the NAS Parallel Benchmarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Communication Characteristics in the NAS Parallel Benchmarks Ahmad Faraj Xin Yuan Department-- In this paper, we investigate the communication characteris- tics of the Message Passing Interface (MPI) implementation of the NAS parallel benchmarks and study the effectiveness of com- piled communication for MPI

  14. Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badrinath, B. R.

    Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson , Ashok Anand , Aditya Akella and Ming Zhang UW-Madison, Microsoft Research ABSTRACT As data centers become more and more central patterns in data center networks that can inform and help evaluate research and operational approaches. We

  15. Superconducting wire with improved strain characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Luhman, Thomas (Westhampton Beach, NY); Klamut, Carl J. (E. Patchogue, NY); Suenaga, Masaki (Bellport, NY); Welch, David (Stony Brook, NY)

    1982-01-01

    A superconducting wire comprising a superconducting filament and a beryllium strengthened bronze matrix in which the addition of beryllium to the matrix permits a low volume matrix to exhibit reduced elastic deformation after heat treating which increases the compression of the superconducting filament on cooling and thereby improves the strain characteristics of the wire.

  16. Superconducting wire with improved strain characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Luhman, Thomas (Westhampton Beach, NY); Klamut, Carl J. (East Patchogue, NY); Suenaga, Masaki (Bellport, NY); Welch, David (Stony Brook, NY)

    1982-01-01

    A superconducting wire comprising a superconducting filament and a beryllium strengthened bronze matrix in which the addition of beryllium to the matrix permits a low volume matrix to exhibit reduced elastic deformation after heat treating which increases the compression of the superconducting filament on cooling and thereby improve the strain characteristics of the wire.

  17. PressurePressure Indiana Coal Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

    TimeTime PressurePressure · Indiana Coal Characteristics · Indiana Coals for Coke · Coal Indiana Total Consumption Electricity 59,664 Coke 4,716 Industrial 3,493 Major Coal- red power plantsTransportation in Indiana · Coal Slurry Ponds Evaluation · Site Selection for Coal Gasification · Coal-To-Liquids Study, CTL

  18. Painting surface characteristics Pierre Poulin Alain Fournier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montréal, Université de

    Painting surface characteristics Pierre Poulin Alain Fournier Dept. I.R.O. Dept. of Computer a painting paradigm. An interactive system is provided where the user simply applies color points the surface parameters by simply painting color points on a surface. Each color point is governed

  19. An Analysis of Statewide Adoption Rates of Building Energy Code by Local Jurisdictions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cort, Katherine A.; Butner, Ryan S.

    2012-12-31

    The purpose of this study is to generally inform the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program of the local, effective energy code adoption rate for a sample set of 21 states, some which have adopted statewide codes and some that have not. Information related to the residential energy code adoption process and status at the local jurisdiction was examined for each of the states. Energy code status information was gathered for approximately 2,800 jurisdictions, which effectively covered approximately 80 percent of the new residential building construction in the 21 states included in the study.

  20. Combustion characteristics of fuel droplets with addition of nano and micron-sized aluminum particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiao, Li

    Combustion characteristics of fuel droplets with addition of nano and micron-sized aluminum form 27 July 2010 Accepted 3 September 2010 Keywords: High-energy-density fuels Droplet combustion n-decane-based fuels. Five distinctive stages (preheating and ignition, classical combustion

  1. Industrial energy management and utilization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witte, L.C.; Schmidt, P.S.; Brown, D.

    1986-01-01

    This text covers the principles of industrial energy conservation and energy conservation applications, with emphasis on the energy-intensive industries. Topics covered include energy consumption, alternative energy sources, elements of energy audits, economic investment analysis, management of energy conservation programs, boilers and fired heaters, steam and condensate systems, classification and fouling of heat exchangers, heat transfer augmentation, waste heat sources, heat recovery equipment, properties and characteristics of insulation, energy conservation in industrial buildings, cogeneration, power circuit components and energy conversion devices, electrical energy conservation. A review of the fundamentals of fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and thermodynamics, as well as examples, problems, and case studies from specific industries are included.

  2. Energy Audits of Local Government Buildings (Louisiana DNR) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruce, A. C.; Lowther, J. D.; Tarver, E.

    1987-01-01

    applications. The choices of methods available to perform these tasks vary with the different packages available. Some packages allow one to perform each basic application individually and combine the results at the end. while others utilize an application... reports, based on data gathered during a site visit of one day or less, with recommendations based on data specific to each building. Building data and quantitative estimates of energy savings are con- tained in each report along with suggestions...

  3. Houston's Smart Grid: Transforming the Future of Electric Distribution & Energy Consumption 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartel, W.

    2012-01-01

    integration of distributed generation and renewables ? Future ? Automatic Outage Notification, Support for Plug in Hybrid Vehicles, Consumer Control of Thermostats/Appliances, etc. AMS Successes 6 ? Service orders completed electronically... pipelines ? Natural gas gathering and processing ? 150 separate systems in major producing fields in Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas 2 Who is CenterPoint Energy? A domestic energy delivery company Three Components of a Smart Grid Smart...

  4. FY 1996 solid waste integrated life-cycle forecast characteristics summary. Volumes 1 and 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templeton, K.J.

    1996-05-23

    For the past six years, a waste volume forecast has been collected annually from onsite and offsite generators that currently ship or are planning to ship solid waste to the Westinghouse Hanford Company`s Central Waste Complex (CWC). This document provides a description of the physical waste forms, hazardous waste constituents, and radionuclides of the waste expected to be shipped to the CWC from 1996 through the remaining life cycle of the Hanford Site (assumed to extend to 2070). In previous years, forecast data has been reported for a 30-year time period; however, the life-cycle approach was adopted this year to maintain consistency with FY 1996 Multi-Year Program Plans. This document is a companion report to two previous reports: the more detailed report on waste volumes, WHC-EP-0900, FY1996 Solid Waste Integrated Life-Cycle Forecast Volume Summary and the report on expected containers, WHC-EP-0903, FY1996 Solid Waste Integrated Life-Cycle Forecast Container Summary. All three documents are based on data gathered during the FY 1995 data call and verified as of January, 1996. These documents are intended to be used in conjunction with other solid waste planning documents as references for short and long-term planning of the WHC Solid Waste Disposal Division`s treatment, storage, and disposal activities over the next several decades. This document focuses on two main characteristics: the physical waste forms and hazardous waste constituents of low-level mixed waste (LLMW) and transuranic waste (both non-mixed and mixed) (TRU(M)). The major generators for each waste category and waste characteristic are also discussed. The characteristics of low-level waste (LLW) are described in Appendix A. In addition, information on radionuclides present in the waste is provided in Appendix B. The FY 1996 forecast data indicate that about 100,900 cubic meters of LLMW and TRU(M) waste is expected to be received at the CWC over the remaining life cycle of the site. Based on ranges provided by the waste generators, this baseline volume could fluctuate between a minimum of about 59,720 cubic meters and a maximum of about 152,170 cubic meters. The range is primarily due to uncertainties associated with the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) program, including uncertainties regarding retrieval of long-length equipment, scheduling, and tank retrieval technologies.

  5. Forward and reverse characteristics of irradiated MOSFETs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paccagnella, A.; Ceschia, M.; Verzellesi, G.; Dalla Betta, G.F.; Soncini, G.; Bellutti, P.; Fuochi, P.G.

    1996-06-01

    pMOSFETs biased with V{sub gs} < V{sub gd} during Co{sup 60} {gamma} irradiation have shown substantial differences between the forward and reverse subthreshold characteristics, induced by a non-uniform charge distribution in the gate oxide. Correspondingly, modest differences have been observed in the over-threshold I-V characteristics. After irradiation, the forward subthreshold curves can shift at higher or lower gate voltages than the reverse ones. The former behavior has been observed in long-channel devices, in agreement with the classical MOS theory and numerical simulations. The latter result has been obtained in short-channel devices, and it has been correlated to a parasitic punch-through conduction mechanism.

  6. Measuring spatial variability in soil characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoskinson, Reed L. (Rigby, ID); Svoboda, John M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Sawyer, J. Wayne (Hampton, VA); Hess, John R. (Ashton, ID); Hess, J. Richard (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2002-01-01

    The present invention provides systems and methods for measuring a load force associated with pulling a farm implement through soil that is used to generate a spatially variable map that represents the spatial variability of the physical characteristics of the soil. An instrumented hitch pin configured to measure a load force is provided that measures the load force generated by a farm implement when the farm implement is connected with a tractor and pulled through or across soil. Each time a load force is measured, a global positioning system identifies the location of the measurement. This data is stored and analyzed to generate a spatially variable map of the soil. This map is representative of the physical characteristics of the soil, which are inferred from the magnitude of the load force.

  7. 1995 solid waste 30-year characteristics volume summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templeton, K.J.; DeForest, T.J.; Rice, G.I. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Valero, O.J. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1995-10-01

    The Hanford Site has been designated by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to store, treat, and dispose of solid waste received from both onsite and offsite generators. This waste is currently or planned to be generated from ongoing operations, maintenance and deactivation activities, decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of facilities, and environmental restoration (ER) activities. This document, prepared by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) under the direction of Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), describes the characteristics of the waste to be shipped to Hanford`s SWOC. The physical waste forms and hazardous constituents are described for the low-level mixed waste (LLMW) and the transuranic - transuranic mixed waste (TW{underscore}TRUM).

  8. Quality characteristics of young bovine carcasses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellinger, John Wayne

    1978-01-01

    ) May 1978 442834 1 1. 1 ABSTRACT Quality Characteristics of Young Bovine Carcasses. (May 1978) John Wayne Bellinger B. S. , Texas A&M University Co-Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Dr. G C. Smith Dr Z. L. Carpenter A total of 305 carcasses... longissimus muscle steaks. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author greatly appreciates the encouragement and inspiration given by Drs. G. C. Smith and Z. L. Carpenter throughout his coursework and research. Their guidance and suggestions will always be remembered...

  9. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability MODERN GRID S T R A T E G Y AMI Demand Response Distribution Management Systems Advanced OMS Distribution Automation...

  10. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mode Fault current limiters Superconducting transmission cable & rotating machines Microgrids Advanced switches and conductors 16 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy...

  11. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mode Fault current limiters Superconducting transmission cable & rotating machines Microgrids Advanced switches and conductors 18 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy...

  12. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mode Fault current limiters Superconducting transmission cable & rotating machines Microgrids Advanced switches and conductors 26 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy...

  13. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Cooling Equipment

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Packaged air conditioning units were the main cooling system for 20,504 million square feet of cooled floorspace, more than twice the...

  14. Commerial Buildings Characteristics, 1995 (Table of Contents...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Number of Buildings and Relative Standard Errors, 1995 Table I.2. Participation in Energy Conservation Programs, Floorspace and Relative Standard Errors, 1995 Table J.1....

  15. Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1995 - Detailed Tables

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    35 36 Refrigeration 37 37 Water-Heating 38 38 Lighting 39 40 Conservation (16 pages) Energy Conservation Features 41 41 Building Shell Conservation 42 43 Reduction in...

  16. Aerodynamic characteristics of seven symmetrical airfoil sections...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    axis wind turbines Sheldahl, R E; Klimas, P C 17 WIND ENERGY; DARRIEUS ROTORS; TURBINE BLADES; AERODYNAMICS; AIRFOILS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DATA COMPILATION;...

  17. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from Wind Solar Farms 50% 30% Continued geo- growth in urban suburban areas Small Wind Solar DG PHEV EV Continued increase in energy intensity (kwhcapita) Changeover to...

  18. Electrical characteristics of Ni Ohmic contact on n-type GeSn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, H.; Cheng, H. H., E-mail: hhcheng@ntu.edu.tw [Center for Condensed Matter Sciences and Graduate Institute of Electronics Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Lee, L. C.; Lee, C. P. [Center for Nano Science and Technology, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Su, L. H.; Suen, Y. W. [Department of Physics and Institute of Nano Science, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan (China)

    2014-06-16

    We report an investigation of the electrical and material characteristics of Ni on an n-type GeSn film under thermal annealing. The current-voltage traces measured with the transmission line method are linear for a wide range of annealing temperatures. The specific contact resistivity was found to decrease with increasing annealing temperature, followed by an increase as the annealing temperature further increased, with a minimum value at an annealing temperature of 350?°C. The material characteristics at the interface layer were measured by energy-dispersive spectrometer, showing that an atomic ratio of (Ni)/(GeSn)?=?1:1 yields the lowest specific contact resistivity.

  19. The Combination of Renewable Energy Effective Use and Architecture Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Y.

    2006-01-01

    Through introducing the renewable energy and its characteristics, it is illuminated that renewable energy use has much superiority. At the same time, through introducing renewable energy technology, which is used in architecture, and elaborating...

  20. Wave spectral energy variability in the northeast Peter D. Bromirski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bromirski, Peter D.

    Wave spectral energy variability in the northeast Pacific Peter D. Bromirski Integrative January 2005; published 8 March 2005. [1] The dominant characteristics of wave energy variability] s wave spectral energy components are considered separately. Empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analyses

  1. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy An Introduction to the 2010 Fuel Cell Pre a d t ade o a to educe Advancing Presidential Priorities Energy efficiency and renewable energy, cleanest, Recovery Act energy projectsfastest energy source ­ energy efficiency · Double renewable energy

  2. Characterization of U.S. Wave Energy Converter Test Sites: A...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    data and wave energy characteristics at three U.S. wave energy converter (WEC) test and potential deployment sites. Its purpose is to enable the comparison of wave...

  3. Aerosol collection characteristics of ambient aerosol samplers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Carlos A

    1978-01-01

    when the sampler is not in operation, both as functions of particle size and wind speed. Wind velocity was a major cause of bias for the four samplers when collecting aerosol particles & 10 um. Characteristic curves were very similar for the 0. 38 m... x 0. 38 m ( 15" x 15") Hi-Vol and the 0. 29 m x 0. 36 m (11&" x 14") Hi-Vol. At 28 um and wind speeds of 2, 8, and 24 km/hr, sampling effectiveness values respectively were 70, 43, and 43 percent for the 0. 38 m x 0. 38 m Hi-Vol and 81, 56, and 43...

  4. Coal-water slurry atomization characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caton, J.A.; Kihm, K.D.

    1994-04-01

    The overall objective of this work was to fully characterize the CWS fuel sprays of a medium-speed diesel engine injection system. Specifically, the spray plume penetration as a function of time was determined for a positive-displacement fuel injection system. The penetration was determined as a function of orifice diameter, coal loading, gas density in the engine, and fuel line pressure. Preliminary droplet information also was obtained. The results of this study will assist CWS engine development by providing much needed insight about the fuel spray. In addition, the results will aid the development and use of CWS engine cycle simulations which require information on the fuel spray characteristics.

  5. Analysis of Energy, Environmental and Life Cycle Cost Reduction Potential of Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) in Hot and Humid Climate

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Project objectives: Gather and analyze independently the available technical, cost, financial incentive data on installed GSHP/HGSHP applications in residential, commercial and schools in hot and humid climate regions, and develop a calibrated baseline and performance period model of new construction and retrofitted buildings in conjunction with the energy simulation program.

  6. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    resiliently against attack and natural disaster 5 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability MODERN GRID S T R A T E G Y 6 What is the right sequence? Consumer...

  7. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    resiliently against attack and natural disaster Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability MODERN GRID S T R A T E G Y 9 9 It will "Enable active participation by...

  8. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    significantly outweigh the costs. (EPRI, 2004) 9 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability MODERN GRID S T R A T E G Y 9 There are many stakeholders Consumers *...

  9. On the similarity of Information Energy to Dark Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. P. Gough; T. D. Carozzi; A. M. Buckley

    2006-06-19

    Information energy is shown here to have properties similar to those of dark energy. The energy associated with each information bit of the universe is found to be defined identically to the characteristic energy of a cosmological constant. Two independent methods are used to estimate the universe information content of ~10^91 bits, a value that provides an information energy total comparable to that of the dark energy. Information energy is also found to have a significantly negative equation of state parameter, w energy.

  10. Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions Compliant Passenger Car Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions...

  11. Fact #800: October 21, 2013 Characteristics of New Light Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: October 21, 2013 Characteristics of New Light Vehicles over Time Fact 800: October 21, 2013 Characteristics of New Light Vehicles over Time From model years 1980 to 2012, there...

  12. Utilizing flow characteristics to increase performance in swimming 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machtsiras, Georgios

    2013-07-05

    Performance when gliding in the streamlined position depends on a swimmer’s morphological characteristics, body orientation and water characteristics. The purpose of this thesis was twofold. First to identify and assess ...

  13. Soil Hydraulic Characteristics of a Small Southwest Oregon Watershed Following

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --------------------------------------------- Soil Hydraulic Characteristics of a Small Southwest by a high-intensity burn over areas of steep topography. The areal distribution of soil hydraulic of infiltration capacity, saturated hydraulic conductivity, and soil moisture characteristics. Also, measures

  14. The Precipitation Characteristics of ISCCP Tropical Weather States DONGMIN LEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, In-Sik

    The Precipitation Characteristics of ISCCP Tropical Weather States DONGMIN LEE GESTAR, University The authors examine the daytime precipitation characteristics of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology precipitation dataset used is the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Multisatellite Precipitation

  15. Characteristics of transverse waves in chromospheric mottles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuridze, D.; Mathioudakis, M.; Jess, D. B.; Keenan, F. P. [Astrophysics Research Center, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Verth, G.; Erdélyi, R. [Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Center (SP2RC), University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Morton, R. J. [Mathematics and Information Science, Northumbria University, Camden Street, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 8ST (United Kingdom); Christian, D. J., E-mail: dkuridze01@qub.ac.uk [Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)

    2013-12-10

    Using data obtained by the high temporal and spatial resolution Rapid Oscillations in the Solar Atmosphere instrument on the Dunn Solar Telescope, we investigate at an unprecedented level of detail transverse oscillations in chromospheric fine structures near the solar disk center. The oscillations are interpreted in terms of propagating and standing magnetohydrodynamic kink waves. Wave characteristics including the maximum transverse velocity amplitude and the phase speed are measured as a function of distance along the structure's length. Solar magnetoseismology is applied to these measured parameters to obtain diagnostic information on key plasma parameters (e.g., magnetic field, density, temperature, flow speed) of these localized waveguides. The magnetic field strength of the mottle along the ?2 Mm length is found to decrease by a factor of 12, while the local plasma density scale height is ?280 ± 80 km.

  16. Gas sensor with attenuated drift characteristic

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Ing-Shin (Danbury, CT) [Danbury, CT; Chen, Philip S. H. (Bethel, CT) [Bethel, CT; Neuner, Jeffrey W. (Bethel, CT) [Bethel, CT; Welch, James (Fairfield, CT) [Fairfield, CT; Hendrix, Bryan (Danbury, CT) [Danbury, CT; Dimeo, Jr., Frank [Danbury, CT

    2008-05-13

    A sensor with an attenuated drift characteristic, including a layer structure in which a sensing layer has a layer of diffusional barrier material on at least one of its faces. The sensor may for example be constituted as a hydrogen gas sensor including a palladium/yttrium layer structure formed on a micro-hotplate base, with a chromium barrier layer between the yttrium layer and the micro-hotplate, and with a tantalum barrier layer between the yttrium layer and an overlying palladium protective layer. The gas sensor is useful for detection of a target gas in environments susceptible to generation or incursion of such gas, and achieves substantial (e.g., >90%) reduction of signal drift from the gas sensor in extended operation, relative to a corresponding gas sensor lacking the diffusional barrier structure of the invention

  17. Droplet migration characteristics in confined oscillatory microflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhury, Kaustav; Chakraborty, Suman

    2015-01-01

    We analyze the migration characteristics of a droplet in an oscillatory flow field in a parallel plate micro-confinement. Using phase filed formalism, we capture the dynamical evolution of the droplet over a wide range of the frequency of the imposed oscillation in the flow field, drop size relative to the channel gap, and the capillary number. The latter two factors imply the contribution of droplet deformability, commonly considered in the study of droplet migration under steady shear flow conditions. We show that the imposed oscillation brings in additional time complexity in the droplet movement, realized through temporally varying drop-shape, flow direction and the inertial response of the droplet. As a consequence, we observe a spatially complicated pathway of the droplet along the transverse direction, in sharp contrast to the smooth migration under a similar yet steady shear flow condition. Intuitively, the longitudinal component of the droplet movement is in tandem with the flow continuity and evolve...

  18. DOE F 1510.9 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle10 DOEEnvironmentalwithof EnergyFormUsedto gather

  19. Dynamical characteristics of Rydberg electrons released by a weak electric field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diesen, Elias; Richter, Martin; Kunitski, Maksim; Dörner, Reinhard; Rost, Jan M

    2015-01-01

    The dynamics of ultra-slow electrons in the combined potential of an ionic core and a static electric field is discussed. With state-of-the-art detection it is possible to create such electrons through strong intense-field photo-absorption and to detect them via high-resolution time-of-flight spectroscopy despite their very low kinetic energy. The characteristic feature of their momentum spectrum, which emerges at the same position for different laser orientations, is derived and could be revealed experimentally with an energy resolution of the order of 1meV.

  20. Portable microwave instrument for non-destructive evaluation of structural characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bible, D.W.; Crutcher, R.I.; Sohns, C.W.; Maddox, S.R.

    1995-01-24

    A portable microwave instrument for evaluating characteristics of a structural member includes a source of microwave energy, a transmitter coupled to the source of microwave energy for transmitting a microwave signal at the structural member, and a receiver positioned on the same side of the structural member as the transmitter and being disposed to receive a microwave signal reflected by the structural member. A phase angle difference is determined between the transmitted microwave signal and the received microwave signal using a signal splitter and a balanced mixer. The difference in phase angle varies in accordance with differences in size, shape and locations of constituent materials within the structural member. 6 figures.

  1. Portable microwave instrument for non-destructive evaluation of structural characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bible, Don W. (Clinton, TN); Crutcher, Richard I. (Knoxville, TN); Sohns, Carl W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Maddox, Stephen R. (Loudon, TN)

    1995-01-01

    A portable microwave instrument for evaluating characteristics of a structural member includes a source of microwave energy, a transmitter coupled to the source of microwave energy for transmitting a microwave signal at the structural member, and a receiver positioned on the same side of the structural member as the transmitter and being disposed to receive a microwave signal reflected by the structural member. A phase angle difference is determined between the transmitted microwave signal and the received microwave signal using a signal splitter and a balanced mixer. The difference in phase angle varies in accordance with differences in size, shape and locations of constituent materials within the structural member.

  2. Impact of Real-World Driving Characteristics on Vehicular Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NESAMANI, K.S.; SUBRAMANIAN, K.P.

    2006-01-01

    In India, vehicular emissions and energy consumption havesince two decades in India. emissions and energy consumption

  3. Energy and Environmental Profile of the Aluminum Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Margolis, Nancy

    1997-07-01

    This detailed report (PDF 2.5 MB) benchmarks the energy and environmental characteristics of the key technologies used in the major processes of the aluminum industry.

  4. Project Profile: Novel Molten Salts Thermal Energy Storage for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    characteristics compared to current salts: Lower melting point Higher energy density Lower power-generation cost This program aims to develop a heat transfer fluidstorage...

  5. Binary mixture flammability characteristics for hazard assessment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal Vazquez, Migvia del C.

    2005-11-01

    flash point value as the mixture flash point. Flash point predictions were performed for 14 binary mixtures using various G ex models for the activity coefficients. Quantum chemical calculations and UNIFAC, a theoretical model that does not require... Page 1. Classification of Flammability According to DOT and NFPA.......................5 2. Some Activity Coefficient (G ex Energy) Models..........................................21 3. Input Data Used for COSMO-RS Calculations...

  6. Leaching Characteristics of Hanford Ferrocyanide Wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Matthew K.; Fiskum, Sandra K.; Peterson, Reid A.; Shimskey, Rick W.

    2009-12-21

    A series of leach tests were performed on actual Hanford Site tank wastes in support of the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The samples were targeted composite slurries of high-level tank waste materials representing major complex, radioactive, tank waste mixtures at the Hanford Site. Using a filtration/leaching apparatus, sample solids were concentrated, caustic leached, and washed under conditions representative of those planned for the Pretreatment Facility in the WTP. Caustic leaching was performed to assess the mobilization of aluminum (as gibbsite, Al[OH]3, and boehmite AlO[OH]), phosphates [PO43-], chromium [Cr3+] and, to a lesser extent, oxalates [C2O42-]). Ferrocyanide waste released the solid phase 137Cs during caustic leaching; this was antithetical to the other Hanford waste types studied. Previous testing on ferrocyanide tank waste focused on the aging of the ferrocyanide salt complex and its thermal compatibilities with nitrites and nitrates. Few studies, however, examined cesium mobilization in the waste. Careful consideration should be given to the pretreatment of ferrocyanide wastes in light of this new observed behavior, given the fact that previous testing on simulants indicates a vastly different cesium mobility in this waste form. The discourse of this work will address the overall ferrocyanide leaching characteristics as well as the behavior of the 137Cs during leaching.

  7. Foaming characteristics of refigerant/lubricant mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goswami, D.Y.; Shah, D.O.; Jotshi, C.K.; Bhagwat, S.; Leung, M.; Gregory, A.

    1997-04-01

    The air-conditioning and refrigeration industry has moved to HFC refrigerants which have zero ozone depletion and low global warming potential due to regulations on CFC and HCFC refrigerants and concerns for the environment. The change in refrigerants has prompted the switch from mineral oil and alkylbenzene lubricants to polyolester-based lubricants. This change has also brought about a desire for lubricant, refrigerant and compressor manufacturers to understand the foaming properties of alternative refrigerant/ lubricant mixtures, as well as the mechanisms which affect these properties. The objectives of this investigation are to experimentally determine the foaming absorption and desorption rates of HFC and blended refrigerants in polyolester lubricant and to define the characteristics of the foam formed when the refrigerant leaves the refrigerant/ lubricant mixture after being exposed to a pressure drop. The refrigerants being examined include baseline refrigerants: CFC-12 (R-12) and HCFC-22 (R-22); alternative refrigerants: HFC-32 (R-32), R-125, R-134a, and R-143a; and blended refrigerants: R-404A, R-407C, and R-410A. The baseline refrigerants are tested with ISO 32 (Witco 3GS) and ISO 68 (4GS) mineral oils while the alternative and blended refrigerants are tested with two ISO 68 polyolesters (Witco SL68 and ICI RL68H).

  8. The Lyapunov Characteristic Exponents and their computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charalampos Skokos

    2009-01-26

    We present a survey of the theory of the Lyapunov Characteristic Exponents (LCEs) for dynamical systems, as well as of the numerical techniques developed for the computation of the maximal, of few and of all of them. After some historical notes on the first attempts for the numerical evaluation of LCEs, we discuss in detail the multiplicative ergodic theorem of Oseledec \\cite{O_68}, which provides the theoretical basis for the computation of the LCEs. Then, we analyze the algorithm for the computation of the maximal LCE, whose value has been extensively used as an indicator of chaos, and the algorithm of the so--called `standard method', developed by Benettin et al. \\cite{BGGS_80b}, for the computation of many LCEs. We also consider different discrete and continuous methods for computing the LCEs based on the QR or the singular value decomposition techniques. Although, we are mainly interested in finite--dimensional conservative systems, i. e. autonomous Hamiltonian systems and symplectic maps, we also briefly refer to the evaluation of LCEs of dissipative systems and time series. The relation of two chaos detection techniques, namely the fast Lyapunov indicator (FLI) and the generalized alignment index (GALI), to the computation of the LCEs is also discussed.

  9. Flow Characteristics Analysis of Widows' Creek Type Control Valve for Steam Turbine Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoo, Yong H.; Sohn, Myoung S.; Suh, Kune Y.

    2006-07-01

    The steam turbine converts the kinetic energy of steam to mechanical energy of rotor blades in the power conversion system of fossil and nuclear power plants. The electric output from the generator of which the rotor is coupled with that of the steam turbine depends on the rotation velocity of the steam turbine bucket. The rotation velocity is proportional to the mass flow rate of steam entering the steam turbine through valves and nozzles. Thus, it is very important to control the steam mass flow rate for the load following operation of power plants. Among various valves that control the steam turbine, the control valve is most significant. The steam flow rate is determined by the area formed by the stem disk and the seat of the control valve. While the ideal control valve linearly controls the steam mass flow rate with its stem lift, the real control valve has various flow characteristic curves pursuant to the stem lift type. Thus, flow characteristic curves are needed to precisely design the control valves manufactured for the operating conditions of nuclear power plants. OMEGA (Optimized Multidimensional Experiment Geometric Apparatus) was built to experimentally study the flow characteristics of steam flowing inside the control valve. The Widows' Creek type control valve was selected for reference. Air was selected as the working fluid in the OMEGA loop to exclude the condensation effect in this simplified approach. Flow characteristic curves were plotted by calculating the ratio of the measured mass flow rate versus the theoretical mass flow rate of the air. The flow characteristic curves are expected to be utilized to accurately design and operate the control valve for fossil as well as nuclear plants. (authors)

  10. Magnetostrictive materials and method for improving AC characteristics in same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pulvirenti, Patricia P. (Chicago, IL); Jiles, David C. (Ames, IA)

    2001-08-14

    The present invention provides Terfenol-D alloys ("doped" Terfenol) having optimized performances under the condition of time-dependent magnetic fields. In one embodiment, performance is optimized by lowering the conductivity of Terfenol, thereby improving the frequency response. This can be achieved through addition of Group III or IV elements, such as Si and Al. Addition of these types of elements provides scattering sites for conduction electrons, thereby increasing resistivity by 125% which leads to an average increase in penetration depth of 80% at 1 kHz and an increase in energy conversion efficiency of 55%. The permeability of doped Terfenol remains constant over a wider frequency range as compared with undoped Terfenol. These results demonstrate that adding impurities, such as Si and Al, are effective in improving the ac characteristics of Terfenol. A magnetoelastic Gruneisen parameter, .gamma..sub.me, has also been derived from the thermodynamic equations of state, and provides another means by which to characterize the coupling efficiency in magnetostrictive materials on a more fundamental basis.

  11. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2010 Fuel Cell Project Kick-off Dr. Dimitrios, 2010September 28, 2010 #12;Administration's Clean Energy Goals Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012

  12. A Look at Commercial Buldings in 1995: Characteristics, Energy Consumption, and Energy Expenditures

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers THURSDAY, APRILCustomersTotalHost625(95)

  13. Sooting characteristics of surrogates for jet fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mensch, Amy; Santoro, Robert J.; Litzinger, Thomas A. [Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, and The Propulsion Engineering Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Lee, S.-Y. [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931 (United States)

    2010-06-15

    Currently, modeling the combustion of aviation fuels, such as JP-8 and JetA, is not feasible due to the complexity and compositional variation of these practical fuels. Surrogate fuel mixtures, composed of a few pure hydrocarbon compounds, are a key step toward modeling the combustion of practical aviation fuels. For the surrogate to simulate the practical fuel, the composition must be designed to reproduce certain pre-designated chemical parameters such as sooting tendency, H/C ratio, autoignition, as well as physical parameters such as boiling range and density. In this study, we focused only on the sooting characteristics based on the Threshold Soot Index (TSI). New measurements of TSI values derived from the smoke point along with other sooting tendency data from the literature have been combined to develop a set of recommended TSI values for pure compounds used to make surrogate mixtures. When formulating the surrogate fuel mixtures, the TSI values of the components are used to predict the TSI of the mixture. To verify the empirical mixture rule for TSI, the TSI values of several binary mixtures of candidate surrogate components were measured. Binary mixtures were also used to derive a TSI for iso-cetane, which had not previously been measured, and to verify the TSI for 1-methylnaphthalene, which had a low smoke point and large relative uncertainty as a pure compound. Lastly, surrogate mixtures containing three components were tested to see how well the measured TSI values matched the predicted values, and to demonstrate that a target value for TSI can be maintained using various components, while also holding the H/C ratio constant. (author)

  14. Optimal Energy Management for a Hybrid Energy Storage System Combining Batteries and Double

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    Optimal Energy Management for a Hybrid Energy Storage System Combining Batteries and Double Layer storage for operation. High demands concerning power and energy density, small volume and weight is to combine storage technologies with complementary characteristics as a hybrid energy storage system. Thus

  15. Industrial structures : an analysis and transformation of their formal characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strub, Damon

    1988-01-01

    Industrial structures such as blast furnaces, oil refineries, gravel crushers etc. are often beautiful and fascinating. Furthermore, they exemplify certain formal and organizational characteristics which could be incorporated ...

  16. Measurement Of Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) Detector Characteristics...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Measurement Of Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) Detector Characteristics Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Measurement Of Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) Detector...

  17. Role of borehole geophysics in defining the physical characteristics...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Role of borehole geophysics in defining the physical characteristics of the Raft River geothermal reservoir, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

  18. Chemical and isotopic characteristics of the coso east flank...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Christenson, B. W.; Kennedy, B. M.; Adams, M. C.; Bjornstad, S. C.; Buck, C. . 182007. Chemical and isotopic characteristics of the coso east flank hydrothermal fluids:...

  19. Differences in the Physical Characteristics of Diesel PM with...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Measure physical characteristics, carbon state, and surface bound oxygen of soot from biodiesel blends. deer08strzelec.pdf More Documents & Publications Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels:...

  20. Combined Field Integral Equation Based Theory of Characteristic Mode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi I. Dai; Qin S. Liu; Hui Gan; Weng Cho Chew

    2015-03-04

    Conventional electric field integral equation based theory is susceptible to the spurious internal resonance problem when the characteristic modes of closed perfectly conducting objects are computed iteratively. In this paper, we present a combined field integral equation based theory to remove the difficulty of internal resonances in characteristic mode analysis. The electric and magnetic field integral operators are shown to share a common set of non-trivial characteristic pairs (values and modes), leading to a generalized eigenvalue problem which is immune to the internal resonance corruption. Numerical results are presented to validate the proposed formulation. This work may offer efficient solutions to characteristic mode analysis which involves electrically large closed surfaces.

  1. Chemical and light-stable isotope characteristics of waters from...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chemical and light-stable isotope characteristics of waters from the raft river geothermal area and environs, Cassia County, Idaho, Box Elder county, Utah Jump to: navigation,...

  2. Scale-up characteristics of salinity gradient power technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feinberg, Benjamin Jacob

    2014-01-01

    gradient power,” Energy and Environmental Science, 4 (2011)gradient power,” Energy and Environmental Science, 4 (2011)to reverse osmosis, Energy & Environmental Science, 3 (2010)

  3. Scale-up characteristics of salinity gradient power technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feinberg, Benjamin Jacob

    2014-01-01

    conditions, and hydraulic energy recovery (HER) technology.vessels, and hydraulic energy recovery capital costs accounthydroturbine, pump and, hydraulic energy recovery device,

  4. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    o nergy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Efficiency and Renewable Energy United States Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 18th W rld Hydrogen E Presidential Priorities Energy efficiency and renewable energy research development andEnergy efficiency

  5. Mechanical Characteristics of Composite Knitted Stents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tokuda, Takanori, E-mail: tkdtknr@gmail.com; Shomura, Yuzo; Tanigawa, Noboru; Kariya, Shuji [Kansai Medical University Hirakata Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Komemushi, Atsushi [Kansai Medical University Takii Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Kojima, Hiroyuki; Sawada, Satoshi [Kansai Medical University Hirakata Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2009-09-15

    We used metal wires and fibers to fabricate a composite knitted stent and then compare the mechanical characteristics of this stent with those of a pure metallic stent of the same construction in order to develop a stent that offers a comparable degree of expandability as metallic stents but can be used for highly curved lesions that cannot be treated using metallic stents. We fabricated two types of composite knitted stent (N-Z stents), using nitinol wire with a diameter of 0.12 mm and polypara-phenylene-benzobisoxazole (PBO) multifilament fiber (Zyron AS; Toyobo, Osaka, Japan). Stents were knitted into a cylindrical shape using the same textile pattern as a Strecker stent. Two loop lengths (L) of nitinol wire were used in the N-Z stents: L = 1.84 mm (N-Z stent L = 1.84) and L = 2.08 mm (N-Z stent L = 2.08). For the sake of comparison, we fabricated a metallic stent of nitinol using the same textile pattern (N-N stent L = 1.92). We applied a radial compression force diametrically to each stent and applied a bending force diametrically at the free end of a stent with one end fixed in order to evaluate the relationship between stent elasticity and load values. In addition, we macroscopically evaluated the generation of kinks when the stent was bent 180{sup o}. The radial compressive force when the stent diameter was reduced by 53% was 6.44 N in the case of N-Z stent L = 1.84, 6.14 N in the case of N-Z stent L = 2.08, and 4.96 N in the case of N-N stent L = 1.92 mm. The composite stent had a radial compressive force higher than that of a metallic stent. The restoring force to longitudinal direction at a 90{sup o} bending angle was 0.005 N for N-Z stent L = 1.84, 0.003 N for N-Z stent L = 2.08, and 0.034 N for N-N stent L = 1.92. The restoring force of the composite stent was significantly lower. Finally, the composite stent generated no definitive kinks at a bending angle of 180{sup o}, regardless of loop length. However, the N-N stent clearly produced kinks, causing blockage of the inner cavity. In conclusion, the use of a metal and fiber composite in the construction of a knitted stent ensures an expansion performance comparable to that of metallic stents, while providing better kink resistance.

  6. Assessment of Alternative Energy Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Rangan

    , Additional Cost Characteristics of Renewables #12;Renewable Energy Options Wind Solar Small Hydro Biomass Cogeneration 379 60% 1992 Small Hydro 1603 50% 7021 Waste to Energy 41 70% 251 Solar PV 2.5 20% 4 4813 14171 Total grid connected Small Hydro Power Classification - based on Capacity -Micro less than 100

  7. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita Energy efficiency and renewable energy research, development, and deployment activities help the Nation Presidential Priorities Economic · Create green jobs through Recovery Act energy projects · Double renewable

  8. Consumer Energy Atlas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    This first edition of the Atlas provides, in reference form, a central source of information to consumers on key contacts concerned with energy in the US. Energy consumers need information appropriate to local climates and characteristics - best provided by state and local governments. The Department of Energy recognizes the authority of state and local governments to manage energy programs on their own. Therefore, emphasis has been given to government organizations on both the national and state level that influence, formulate, or administer policies affecting energy production, distribution, and use, or that provide information of interest to consumers and non-specialists. In addition, hundreds of non-government energy-related membership organizations, industry trade associations, and energy publications are included.

  9. Geologic and tectonic characteristics of rockbursts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adushkin, V.V. [Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. for Dynamics of the Geospheres; Charlamov, V.A.; Kondratyev, S.V.; Rybnov, Y.S.; Shemyakin, V.M.; Sisov, I.A.; Syrnikov, N.M.; Turuntaev, S.B.; Vasilyeva, T.V. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1995-06-01

    The modern mining enterprises have attained such scales of engineering activity that their direct influence to a rock massif and in series of cases to the region seismic regime doesn`t provoke any doubts. Excavation and removal of large volumes of rock mass, industrial explosions and other technological factors during long time can lead to the accumulation of man-made changes in rock massifs capable to cause catastrophic consequences. The stress state changes in considerable domains of massif create dangerous concentration of stresses at large geological heterogeneities - faults localized in the mining works zone. External influence can lead in that case to such phenomena as tectonic rockbursts and man-made earthquakes. The rockbursts problem in world mining practice exists for more than two hundred years. So that its actuality not only doesn`t decrease but steadily mounts up as due to the mining works depth increase, enlargement of the useful minerals excavations volumes as due to the possibility of safe use of the rock massif potential energy for facilitating the mastering of the bowels of the Earth and for making that more cheap. The purpose of present work is to study the engineering activity influence to processes occurring in the upper part of Earth crust and in particular in a rock massif. The rock massif is treated in those studies as a geophysical medium - such approach takes into account the presence of block structure of medium and the continuous exchange of energy between parts of that structure. The idea ``geophysical medium`` is applied in geophysics sufficiently wide and stresses the difference of actual Earth crust and rock massifs from the continuous media models discussed in mechanics.

  10. Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL Energy Efficiency Research Office Laurie ten Hope Deputy Director RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT DIVISION research for the Efficiency Characteristics and Opportunities for New California Homes project. John

  11. National Weatherization Assistance Program Evaluation: Assessment of Refrigerator Energy Use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tonn, Bruce Edward; Goeltz, Rick

    2015-03-01

    This report assesses the energy consumption characteristics and performance of refrigerators that were monintored as a component of the Indoor Air Quality Study that itself was a component of the retrospective evaluation of the Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program.

  12. Energy Conservation Thru Steam Trap Surveys and Preventive Maintenance Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, T.; Dewhirst, B.

    1980-01-01

    justification for the survey program. Defective steam traps and their energy characteristics will also be discussed. An on-going preventive maintenance program can be initiated from the information derived from the survey. Sustained energy efficiency...

  13. Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

    2009-01-01

    to assist the energy storage battery (12 kWh) in providingbattery and ultracapacitors in the vehicles when the characteristics of the energy storageBattery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium the energy storage

  14. Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiquan

    Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types surface, including radiation balance, energy partitioning, aerodynamic characteristics, leaf area index records of the surface energy balance are currently available for grassland ecosystems, especially

  15. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY SYSTEMS IN CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: A PRELIMINARY REPORT, VOLUME I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01

    Principal Investigator, Wind Energy Mission Analys~s, F~nalKlems, A California Wind Energy Resource, to be published inCurrents Salinity Gradients WIND ENERGY Characteristics of

  16. Predicting Panel Ratings for Semantic Characteristics of Lung Nodules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Marcus

    Predicting Panel Ratings for Semantic Characteristics of Lung Nodules Dmitriy Zinovev De@cdm.depaul.edu ABSTRACT In reading CT scans with potentially malignant lung nodules, radiologists make use of high level a second opinion - predicting these semantic characteristics for lung nodules. In our previous work, we

  17. The social influence factor: Impact of online product review characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    The social influence factor: Impact of online product review characteristics on consumer purchasing of reviews and consumer purchasing decisions. The impact of online consumer reviews on consumer purchasing. The research challenge therefore entails review function characteristics and its impact on consumer purchasing

  18. Best Entry Points for Structured Document Retrieval Part I: Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lalmas, Mounia

    Best Entry Points for Structured Document Retrieval ­ Part I: Characteristics Jane Reida , Mounia documents. This paper examines the concept of best entry points, which are document components from which investigates the basic characteristics of best entry points. Keywords: Structured document retrieval, focussed

  19. Influence of hot spot features on the initiation characteristics of heterogeneous nitromethane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dattelbaum, Dana M; Sheffield, Stephen A; Stahl, David B; Dattelbaum, Andrew M; Engelke, Ray

    2010-01-01

    To gain insights into the critical hot spot features influencing energetic materials initiation characteristics, well-defined micron-scale particles have been intentionally introduced into the homogeneous explosive nitromethane (NM). Two types of potential hot spot origins have been examined - shock impedance mismatches using solid silica beads, and porosity using hollow microballoons - as well as their sizes and inter-particle separations. Here, we present the results of several series of gas gun-driven plate impact experiments on NM/particle mixtures with well-controlled shock inputs. Detailed insights into the nature of the reactive flow during the build-up to detonation have been obtained from the response of in-situ electromagnetic gauges, and the data have been used to establish Pop-plots (run-distance-to-detonation vs. shock input pressure) for the mixtures. Comparisons of sensitization effects and energy release characteristics relative to the initial shock front between the solid and hollow beads are presented.

  20. The Nevada railroad system: Physical, operational, and accident characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-09-01

    This report provides a description of the operational and physical characteristics of the Nevada railroad system. To understand the dynamics of the rail system, one must consider the system`s physical characteristics, routing, uses, interactions with other systems, and unique operational characteristics, if any. This report is presented in two parts. The first part is a narrative description of all mainlines and major branchlines of the Nevada railroad system. Each Nevada rail route is described, including the route`s physical characteristics, traffic type and volume, track conditions, and history. The second part of this study provides a more detailed analysis of Nevada railroad accident characteristics than was presented in the Preliminary Nevada Transportation Accident Characterization Study (DOE, 1990).

  1. Intrinsic excitations in deformed nuclei: characteristic predictions of the IBA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casten, R.F.

    1982-01-01

    Deformed nuclei represent perhaps the largest and best studied class of nuclear level schemes. The Interacting Boson Approximation (IBA) model is devised so as to provide a general framework for the description of low lying collective states in nuclei spanning vibrational, rotational (i.e., deformed) and axially asymmetric types as well as the transitional species intermediate between these limiting cases. The juxtaposition of these two statements makes it all the more surprising that until recently there had been no thorough test of the model in such nuclei. Partly, the explanation for this lies in the type of data required for an adequate test. Since the IBA predicts a broad range of collective states it requires a correspondingly thorough empirical test. Moreover, in deformed nuclei, though the characteristic predictions that distinguish the IBA from the traditional, familiar collective model of harmonic ..beta.. and ..gamma.. vibrations are important, their clearest manifestation occurs in very weak, hard-to-detect low energy transitions between excited vibrational bands (in particular between ..beta.. and ..gamma.. bands), that had not heretofore been systematically observed. The present brief summary will begin with a review of the properties of the (n,..gamma..) reaction that render it a useful empirical tool for such studies, and follow this with a description of the results of the /sup 168/Er study and the application of the IBA model to the resultant level scheme. The discussion will then be generalized to other deformed nuclei and to the inherent systematic predictions that must characterize the IBA for such nuclei. Many of these ideas will be related to the role of finite boson number in the IBA.

  2. Catalytic Synthesis of Oxygenates: Mechanisms, Catalysts and Controlling Characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamil Klier; Richard G. Herman

    2005-11-30

    This research focused on catalytic synthesis of unsymmetrical ethers as a part of a larger program involving oxygenated products in general, including alcohols, ethers, esters, carboxylic acids and their derivatives that link together environmentally compliant fuels, monomers, and high-value chemicals. The catalysts studied here were solid acids possessing strong Br�������¸nsted acid functionalities. The design of these catalysts involved anchoring the acid groups onto inorganic oxides, e.g. surface-grafted acid groups on zirconia, and a new class of mesoporous solid acids, i.e. propylsulfonic acid-derivatized SBA-15. The former catalysts consisted of a high surface concentration of sulfate groups on stable zirconia catalysts. The latter catalyst consists of high surface area, large pore propylsulfonic acid-derivatized silicas, specifically SBA-15. In both cases, the catalyst design and synthesis yielded high concentrations of acid sites in close proximity to one another. These materials have been well-characterization in terms of physical and chemical properties, as well as in regard to surface and bulk characteristics. Both types of catalysts were shown to exhibit high catalytic performance with respect to both activity and selectivity for the bifunctional coupling of alcohols to form ethers, which proceeds via an efficient SN2 reaction mechanism on the proximal acid sites. This commonality of the dual-site SN2 reaction mechanism over acid catalysts provides for maximum reaction rates and control of selectivity by reaction conditions, i.e. pressure, temperature, and reactant concentrations. This research provides the scientific groundwork for synthesis of ethers for energy applications. The synthesized environmentally acceptable ethers, in part derived from natural gas via alcohol intermediates, exhibit high cetane properties, e.g. methylisobutylether with cetane No. of 53 and dimethylether with cetane No. of 55-60, or high octane properties, e.g. diisopropylether with blending octane No. of 105, and can replace aromatics in liquid fuels.

  3. Langmuir probe measurements in a time-fluctuating-highly ionized non-equilibrium cutting arc: Analysis of the electron retarding part of the time-averaged current-voltage characteristic of the probe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prevosto, L.; Mancinelli, B.; Kelly, H.; Instituto de Física del Plasma , Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428 Buenos Aires

    2013-12-15

    This work describes the application of Langmuir probe diagnostics to the measurement of the electron temperature in a time-fluctuating-highly ionized, non-equilibrium cutting arc. The electron retarding part of the time-averaged current-voltage characteristic of the probe was analysed, assuming that the standard exponential expression describing the electron current to the probe in collision-free plasmas can be applied under the investigated conditions. A procedure is described which allows the determination of the errors introduced in time-averaged probe data due to small-amplitude plasma fluctuations. It was found that the experimental points can be gathered into two well defined groups allowing defining two quite different averaged electron temperature values. In the low-current region the averaged characteristic was not significantly disturbed by the fluctuations and can reliably be used to obtain the actual value of the averaged electron temperature. In particular, an averaged electron temperature of 0.98 ± 0.07 eV (= 11400 ± 800 K) was found for the central core of the arc (30 A) at 3.5 mm downstream from the nozzle exit. This average included not only a time-average over the time fluctuations but also a spatial-average along the probe collecting length. The fitting of the high-current region of the characteristic using such electron temperature value together with the corrections given by the fluctuation analysis showed a relevant departure of local thermal equilibrium in the arc core.

  4. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Energy Overview & A Perspective on Fuel Cell Technologies Dr; Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012 Invest $150 billion over ten years in energy R&D to transition$Thousands Budget History Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Budget History FY2004-FY2011 (requested) U

  5. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Richard Farmer Hydrogen Business Council September 14, 2010 #12; Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012 Invest $150

  6. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy AUGUST 2010 2009 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT EXECUTIVE (Berkeley Lab) Kevin Porter and Sari Fink (Exeter Associates) Suzanne Tegen (National Renewable Energy

  7. User's Guide to the Energy Charting and Metrics Tool (ECAM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taasevigen, Danny J.; Koran, William

    2012-02-28

    The intent of this user guide is to provide a brief description of the functionality of the Energy Charting and Metrics (ECAM) tool, including the expanded building re-tuning functionality developed for Pacific Northwest National laboratory (PNNL). This document describes the tool's general functions and features, and offers detailed instructions for PNNL building re-tuning charts, a feature in ECAM intended to help building owners and operators look at trend data (recommended 15-minute time intervals) in a series of charts (both time series and scatter) to analyze air-handler, zone, and central plant information gathered from a building automation system (BAS).

  8. SU-E-T-119: Dosimetric and Mechanical Characteristics of Elekta Infinity LINAC with Agility MLC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, J; Xu, Q; Xue, J; Zhai, Y; An, L; Chen, Y [MD Anderson Cancer Center at Cooper, Camden, NJ (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Elekta Infinity is the one of the latest generation LINAC with unique features. Two Infinity LINACs are recently commissioned at our institution. The dosimetric and mechanical characteristics of the machines are presented. Methods: Both Infinity LINACs with Agility MLC (160 leaves with 0.5 cm leaf width) are configured with five electron energies (6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 MeV) and two photon energies (6 and 15 MV). One machine has additional photon energy (10 MV). The commissioning was performed by following the manufacturer's specifications and AAPM TG recommendations. Beam data of both electron and photon beams are measured with scanning ion chambers and linear diode array. Machines are adjusted to have the dosimetrically equivalent characteristics. Results: The commissioning of mechanical and imaging system meets the tolerances by TG recommendations. The PDD{sub 10} of various field sizes for 6 and 15 MV shows < 0.5% difference between two machines. For each electron beams, R{sub 80} matches with < 0.4 mm difference. The symmetry and flatness agree within 0.8% and 0.9% differences for photon beams, respectively. For electron beams, the differences of the symmetry and flatness are within 1.2% and 0.8%, respectively. The mean inline penumbras for 6, 10, and 15 MV are respectively 5.1±0.24, 5.6±0.07, and 5.9±0.10 mm for 10x10 cm at 10 cm depth. The crossline penumbras are larger than inline penumbras by 2.2, 1.4, and 1.0 mm, respectively. The MLC transmission factor with interleaf leakage is 0.5 % for all photon energies. Conclusion: The dosimetric and mechanical characteristics of two Infinity LINACs show good agreements between them. Although the Elekta Infinity has been used in many institutions, the detailed characteristics of the machine have not been reported. This study provides invaluable information to understand the Infinity LINAC and to compare the quality of commissioning data for other LINACs.

  9. Integrated data base report--1995: US spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste inventories, projections, and characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-01

    The information in this report summarizes the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) data base for inventories, projections, and characteristics of domestic spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste. This report is updated annually to keep abreast of continual waste inventory and projection changes in both the government and commercial sectors. Baseline information is provided for DOE program planning purposes and to support DOE program decisions. Although the primary purpose of this document is to provide background information for program planning within the DOE community, it has also been found useful by state and local governments, the academic community, and some private citizens.

  10. Electric Characteristics of Rotational States positive parity in isotopes 170,172,174Yb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. N. Usmanov; A. A. Okhunov; H. Abu Kassim; U. S. Salikhbaev

    2015-05-28

    Accounting for Coriolis mixing of experimentally known rotational bands with $K^{\\pi}electric characteristics of excited states are investigated, within phenomenological model. The energy and wave function structure of excited states are calculated. The finding reveals that the bands mixing has been found to have considerable impact on the wave function of low-lying states $0^+$ and $2^+$ bands. In addition, the probabilities of $E2$-- transitions have been calculated. The values from calculations of $B(E2)$-- transitions from $0_2^+$, $0_3^+$, $2_1^+$, and $2_2^+$ bands are compared with the experimental data.

  11. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita of Energy Military Energy and Alternative Fuels Conference March 17-18, 2010 San Diego, CA #12;2 1. Overview;3 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource Diversity Fuel cells offer

  12. The paths and characteristics of real estate entrepreneurs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazmierski, Michael (Michael Anthony)

    2008-01-01

    What paths have real estate entrepreneurs taken to establish their own firm? Also, what characteristics did they develop and utilize in the process? This thesis gives the unique opportunity to better understand the life ...

  13. Capillary characteristics in microfluidic experiments and computational simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Anusuya

    2011-01-01

    Angiogenesis is crucial during many physiological processes, and is influenced by various biochemical and biomechanical factors. Models have proven useful in understanding the mechanisms of angiogenesis and the characteristics ...

  14. Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Characteristics

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    -High Pressure Sodium 50-124 29,000 22 1,900-2,200 Source: 2008 Buildings Energy Data Book, Table 5.6.9, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S....

  15. 17.6 - Origin, Characteristics, and Significance of the DOE's...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    energy as a source of electricity, and to research the use of nuclear energy in medicine. The legislative history of the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 indicates the basic...

  16. Characteristics of corn and sorghum for tortilla processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez de Palacios, Maria de Jesus

    1980-01-01

    CHARACTERISTICS OF CORN AND SORGHUM FOR TORTILLA PROCESSING A Thesis by MARIA DE JESUS GONZALEZ DE PALACIOS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology CHARACTERISTICS OF CORN AND SORGHUM FOR TORTILLA PROCESSING A Thesis by MARIA DE JESUS GONZALEZ DE PALACIOS Approved as to style and content by: an o omm t em er em er ea o...

  17. Psychological characteristics of elite and non-elite level gymnasts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waples, Steven Ballard

    2005-02-17

    -1 PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ELITE AND NON-ELITE LEVEL GYMNASTS A Record of Study by STEVEN B. WAPLES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF EDUCATION December 2003 Major Subject: Physical Education PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ELITE AND NON-ELITE LEVEL GYMNASTS A Record of Study by STEVEN B. WAPLES Submitted to Texas A&M University...

  18. Characteristic impedances in output cylindrical coaxial cavity resonator of klystron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Yuhe [School of Science, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, BaoTou, Inner Mongolia (China); Xie, Xingjuan; Huang, Chuanlu, E-mail: bentu1985@yahoo.com.cn [lnstitute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)

    2011-07-01

    Cylindrical coaxial cavity resonator with shift-tubes coupled with rectangular waveguide is designed. The gap characteristic impedance and external quality factor of higher order transverse magnetic mode TM{sub 310} in the cavity are simulated with high frequency electromagnetic simulator ISFEL-3D. The ununiformity of the characteristic impedance resulted from the coupling aperture is reduced through introduction of concave delves on peripheral wall of the cavity. (author)

  19. Retail Shelf-life Characteristics of Dry-aged Beef 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulbrich, Carson

    2010-07-14

    SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by CARSON JOSEPH ULBRICH RETAIL SHELF-LIFE CHARACTERISTICS OF DRY-AGED BEEF Approved by: Research Advisors: Jeffrey W. Savell Davey B. Griffin Associate Dean for Undergraduate Research: Robert C. Webb... ULBRICH iii ABSTRACT Retail Shelf-Life Characteristics of Dry-Aged Beef. (April 2010) Carson Joseph Ulbrich Department of Animal Science Texas A&M University Research Advisors: Drs. Jeffrey W. Savell and Davey B. Griffin Department...

  20. Canadian Industrial Energy End-use Data and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Canadian Oil Refineries, 1990, 1994 to the current year Detailed reports on energy consumption, an initiative begun in October, 1991, is to expand and improve the existing knowledge on energy consumption data on energy consumption, on the characteristics of energy using equipment and buildings

  1. EPA Clean Energy Incentive Program Stakeholder Calls- Potential CEIP Project Partners

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is inviting participants to a stakeholder call to gather input and ideas about the Clean Energy Incentive Program (CEIP), a Clean Power Plan program designed to provide additional incentives for early investments in zero-emitting wind or solar power projects as well as in energy efficiency measures in low-income communities. This call will focus on hearing ideas and input from groups that have a general interest in CEIP projects, such as environmental justice groups, community groups, local governments, tribes, and environmental non-governmental organizations.

  2. Freezing Transition, Characteristic Polynomials of Random Matrices, and the Riemann Zeta-Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan V. Fyodorov; Ghaith A Hiary; Jonathan P. Keating

    2012-04-27

    We argue that the freezing transition scenario, previously explored in the statistical mechanics of 1/f-noise random energy models, also determines the value distribution of the maximum of the modulus of the characteristic polynomials of large N x N random unitary (CUE) matrices. We postulate that our results extend to the extreme values taken by the Riemann zeta-function zeta(s) over sections of the critical line s=1/2+it of constant length and present the results of numerical computations in support. Our main purpose is to draw attention to possible connections between the statistical mechanics of random energy landscapes, random matrix theory, and the theory of the Riemann zeta function.

  3. Reservoir Characterization, Production Characteristics, and Research Needs for Fluvial/Alluvial Reservoirs in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, E.L.; Fowler, M.L.; Jackson, S.R.; Madden, M.P.; Raw-Schatzinger, V.; Salamy, S.P.; Sarathi, P.; Young, M.A.

    1999-04-28

    The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Oil Recovery Field Demonstration Program was initiated in 1992 to maximize the economically and environmentally sound recovery of oil from known domestic reservoirs and to preserve access to this resource. Cost-shared field demonstration projects are being initiated in geology defined reservoir classes which have been prioritized by their potential for incremental recovery and their risk of abandonment. This document defines the characteristics of the fifth geological reservoir class in the series, fluvial/alluvial reservoirs. The reservoirs of Class 5 include deposits of alluvial fans, braided streams, and meandering streams. Deposit morphologies vary as a complex function of climate and tectonics and are characterized by a high degree of heterogeneity to fluid flow as a result of extreme variations in water energy as the deposits formed.

  4. Analysis of Fuel Cell Vehicle Hybridization and Implications for Energy Storage Devices: June 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zolot, M.; Markel, T.; Pesaran, A.

    2007-01-01

    This paper addresses the impact of fuel efficiency characteristics on vehicle system efficiency, fuel economy from downsizing different fuel cells, as well as the energy storage system.

  5. Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Pulp and Paper Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Melanie; Justiniano, Mauricio; McQueen, Shawna

    2005-12-01

    This detailed report benchmarks the energy and environmental characteristics of the key technologies used in the major processes of the United States pulp and paper industry.

  6. Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Metal Casting Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1999-09-01

    This detailed report benchmarks the energy and environmental characteristics of the key technologies used in the major processes of the metal casting industry.

  7. NREL Report Examines Energy Use in Cities and Proposes Next Steps...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    energy-related actions and goals to city characteristics, including socioeconomics, geography, and built environment Understanding the cost-effectiveness of specific actions...

  8. Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Glass Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pellegrino, Joan L.

    2002-04-01

    This detailed report benchmarks the energy and environmental characteristics of the key technologies used in the major processes of the glass industry.

  9. Energy savings potential from energy-conserving irrigation systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilfert, G.L.; Patton, W.P.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.

    1982-11-01

    This report systematically compares, within a consistent framework, the technical and economic characteristics of energy-conserving irrigation systems with those of conventional irrigation systems and to determine total energy savings. Levelized annual costs of owning and operating both energy-conserving and conventional irrigation systems have been developed and compared for all 17 states to account for the differences in energy costs and irrigation conditions in each state. Market penetration of energy-conserving systems is assessed for those systems having lower levelized annual costs than conventional systems performing the same function. Annual energy savings were computed by matching the energy savings per system with an assumed maximum market penetration of 100 percent in those markets where the levelized annual costs of energy-conserving systems are lower than the levelized annual costs of conventional systems.

  10. Energy Information Administration - Energy Efficiency, energy...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Efficiency Energy Efficiency energy consumption savings households, buildings, industry & vehicles The Energy Efficiency Page reflects EIA's information on energy efficiency and...

  11. Directory of energy data collection forms. Forms in use as of October 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-01-01

    This is an authoritative listing of selected public use forms currently used as basic energy information gathering tools by the Department of Energy (DOE). This directory provides an overview of DOE`s energy information collection programs for decisionmakers in Government and industry. Forms designed to collect energy information and used by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) as of October 1995 are included in this directory. For each form listed in this directory, an abstract is included that describes the form`s uses, its respondents, and the data collected. For the reader`s convenience in finding specific types of collections, several indices have been provided in this directory. A listing of the forms grouped by energy source and function begins on page 26. Beginning on page 38 are the publications derived from the collections, and on page 50, are the forms linked to general respondent categories.

  12. Adsorption characteristics of siloxanes in landfill gas by the adsorption equilibrium test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nam, Sangchul; Namkoong, Wan [Department of Environmental Engineering, Konkuk University, Hwayang-Dong, Gwangjin-Gu, Seoul 143-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Jeong-Hee; Park, Jin-Kyu [Department of Environmental Engineering, Anyang University, Anyang 5-Dong, Manan-Gu, Anyang-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 430-714 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Namhoon, E-mail: nhlee@anyang.ac.kr [Department of Environmental Engineering, Anyang University, Anyang 5-Dong, Manan-Gu, Anyang-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 430-714 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: • Equilibrium test was attempted to evaluate adsorption characteristics of siloxane. • L2 had higher removal efficiency in carbon compared to noncarbon adsorbents. • Total adsorption capacity of siloxane was 300 mg/g by coal activated carbon. • Adsorption characteristics rely on size of siloxane molecule and adsorbent pore. • Conversion of siloxane was caused by adsorption of noncarbon adsorbents. - Abstract: Due to the increase in energy cost by constantly high oil prices and the obligation to reduce greenhouse effect gases, landfill gas is frequently used as an alternative energy source for producing heat and electricity. Most of landfill gas utility facilities, however, are experiencing problems controlling siloxanes from landfill gas as their catalytic oxidizers are becoming fouled by silicon dioxide dust. To evaluate adsorption characteristics of siloxanes, an adsorption equilibrium test was conducted and parameters in the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms were analyzed. Coconut activated carbon (CA1), coal activated carbon (CA2), impregnated activated carbon (CA3), silicagel (NCA1), and activated alumina (NCA2) were used for the adsorption of the mixed siloxane which contained hexamethyldisiloxane (L2), octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4), and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5). L2 had higher removal efficiency in noncarbon adsorbents compared to carbon adsorbents. The application of Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm demonstrated that coconut based CA1 and CA3 provided higher adsorption capacity on L2. And CA2 and NCA1 provided higher adsorption capacity on D4 and D5. Based on the experimental results, L2, D4, and D5 were converted by adsorption and desorption in noncarbon adsorbents. Adsorption affinity of siloxane is considered to be affect by the pore size distribution of the adsorbents and by the molecular size of each siloxane.

  13. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program DOE-DOD MOU Workshop September 30, 2010 #12;2 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource Diversity

  14. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Audience/Event Date EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Program Sunita Satyapal Acting Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Fuel Cell Project Kickoff September 30, 2009 #12;2 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource

  15. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Sunita SatyapalSunita SatyapalSeptember 24, 2009 *On detail #12;2 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource DiversityEnergy Efficiency and Resource Diversity Fuel cells offer a highly efficient way to use diverse

  16. Matter & Energy Solar Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    See Also: Matter & Energy Solar Energy· Electronics· Materials Science· Earth & Climate Energy at the University of Illinois, the future of solar energy just got brighter. Although silicon is the industry Electronics Over 1.2 Million Electronics Parts, Components and Equipment. www.AlliedElec.com solar energy

  17. Dynamic vehicle routing for data gathering in wireless networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Celik, Guner Dincer

    We consider a dynamic vehicle routing problem in wireless networks where messages arriving randomly in time and space are collected by a mobile receiver (vehicle or a collector). The collector is responsible for receiving ...

  18. Gathering the landscape : a community arts center on Lookout Mountain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govan, Christine Noble, 1958-

    1989-01-01

    With a tape measure and a pad of newsprint, to document, understand and re-present a natural place was the first goal of this thesis. From this understanding a new built presence, a redefinition of the site, is sought, to ...

  19. Hunter-Gatherers of Early Holocene Coastal California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1991-01-01

    the high caloric yield of chia seeds, piflon nuts, and manyseeds, bulbs, roots, tubers, fruits, and nuts, for instance, and that the remains of man- zanita, pigweed, chia,

  20. Gathering Kinds: Radical Faerie Practices of Sexuality and Kinship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanford, Jesse Oliver

    2013-01-01

    in- terpersonal bonds and permaculture work such as wateron herbalism, permaculture, anti- racist organizing,

  1. Dwarf Fortress gathers at the statue and attends a party

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz, Joshua Lindsay

    2009-01-01

    In designing DwarfFortress as part roguelike and part simulation, Tarn and Zach Adams of Bay 12 Games drew on a tradition of game genres that used proceduralism and simulation to give players unique paths through the game. ...

  2. DOE, Contractors Gather Food for Less Fortunate | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    runs June 1 through August 27, began locally with the collection of red, white, and blue cans of food that were fashioned into an American Flag display at the DOE Site Office...

  3. Better Buildings Partners Gather to Plan for the Future | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and enhance their business models to ensure that their efforts thrive well into the future. "We wanted to help our partners prepare for the future, even while they are still...

  4. A Majestic And Raucous Gathering of Sandhill Cranes Jeff Mitton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitton, Jeffry B.

    , Louisiana, Texas, Mexico, New Mexico and California. Two migration routes are local. Cranes overwintering. The largest migration begins in Texas and Mexico and pauses at the Platte and North Platte Rivers in Nebraska in the San Luis Valley on their migration to nesting areas in Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho and Montana

  5. Society of Women Engineers Gathers for 2012 Symposium | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in science, technology, engineering, art and math. Recent Posts by This Contributor Technology Relay Race in Cancer Prevention Research Talking About Breast Density and...

  6. Engineer 2020 and the Gathering Storm Alice M. Agogino

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    · Globalization of industry and engineering practice · The shift of engineering employment from large companies to small and medium-sized companies, and the growing emphasis on entrepreneurialism · The growing share Association] · In 2020, California will need 40% more electrical capacity, 40% more gasoline, and 20% more

  7. Domain-dependent information gathering agent Aleksander Pivk*, Matjaz Gams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pivk, Aleksander

    . To make things worse, the Internet is poorly structured, and disorganized (Lewis, 1999, and EMA (EMployment Agent), which performs employment and job related functions over the Internet. q 2002 extraction; Inductive learning; Wrapper 1. Introduction Internet services offer several advantages over

  8. NNSA's National Laboratories Engage in Climate Modeling, Data Gathering |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal of HonorPoster Session | Nationalhits 21Nuclear

  9. OSTI News Transcripts, International Group Gathers in Knoxville to Discuss

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEY UNIVERSEHow ORISE isParisTeam Office ofScientificSharing Science

  10. EIA-23L Reserves Information Gathering System (RIGS)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural GasEIA lowers forecast for summer1 7 682,

  11. Two-Photon Reactions Leading to Hadron Final States: Data from DOE laboratory experiments as compiled in data reviews by the Durham High Energy Physics Database Group

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Whalley, M. R.

    The data gathered from the relevant collaborations at DOEÆs SLAC are available, and so are data from related collaborations based at CERN, DESY, KEK, NOVO, ORSAY, and CORNELL University. The Durham High Energy Physics (HEP) Database Group makes these data, extracted from papers and data reviews, available in one place in an easy-to-access format. These data are also included in the Durham HEP Reaction Data Database which can be searched at http://hepdata.cedar.ac.uk/reaction

  12. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Source: US DOE 10/2010 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies ­ Upcoming Workshops & Solicitations Source: US DOE 10/2010 2 #12; Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012

  13. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2009 FUEL CELL MARKET REPORT NOVEMBER 2010 #12;Authors-Jerram of Fuel Cell Today Consulting, Rachel Gelman of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Jennifer Gangi

  14. Measurement of physical characteristics of materials by ultrasonic methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, W.Y.; Min, S.

    1998-09-08

    A method is described for determining and evaluating physical characteristics of a material. In particular, the present invention provides for determining and evaluating the anisotropic characteristics of materials, especially those resulting from such manufacturing processes as rolling, forming, extruding, drawing, forging, etc. In operation, a complex ultrasonic wave is created in the material of interest by any method. The wave form may be any combination of wave types and modes and is not limited to fundamental plate modes. The velocity of propagation of selected components which make up the complex ultrasonic wave are measured and evaluated to determine the physical characteristics of the material including, texture, strain/stress, grain size, crystal structure, etc. 14 figs.

  15. Measurement of physical characteristics of materials by ultrasonic methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, Wei-yang (Pleasanton, CA); Min, Shermann (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A method is described for determining and evaluating physical characteristics of a material. In particular, the present invention provides for determining and evaluating the anisotropic characteristics of materials, especially those resulting from such manufacturing processes as rolling, forming, extruding, drawing, forging, etc. In operation, a complex ultrasonic wave is created in the material of interest by any method. The wave form may be any combination of wave types and modes and is not limited to fundamental plate modes. The velocity of propagation of selected components which make up the complex ultrasonic wave are measured and evaluated to determine the physical characteristics of the material including, texture, strain/stress, grain size, crystal structure, etc.

  16. First Year Sedimentological Characteristics and Morphological Evolution of an Artificial Berm at Fort Myers Beach, Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    First Year Sedimentological Characteristics and Morphological Evolution of an Artificial Berm Methods and Data Analysis 29 Results and Discussion 34 Sedimentological Characteristics of the Artificial Project Area 45 Control Area Northwest of Berm 47 Discussion of Sedimentological Characteristics 49

  17. California Energy Commission Public Interest EnergyResearch/Energy System Integration -- Transmission-Planning Research&Development Scoping Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard; Widergren, Steven

    2004-07-01

    The objective of this Public Interest Energy Research (PIER)scoping project is to identify options for public-interest research and development (R&D) to improve transmission-planning tools, techniques, and methods. The information presented was gathered through a review of current California utility, California Independent System Operator (ISO), and related western states electricity transmission-planning activities and emerging needs. This report presents the project teams findings organized under six topic areas and identifies 17 distinct R&D activities to improve transmission-planning in California and the West. The findings in this report are intended for use, along with other materials, by PIER staff, to facilitate discussions with stakeholders that will ultimately lead to development of a portfolio of transmission-planning R&D activities for the PIER program.

  18. Spectral Characteristic Evolution: A New Algorithm for Gravitational Wave Propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casey J. Handmer; Béla Szilágyi

    2014-09-24

    We present a spectral algorithm for solving the full nonlinear vacuum Einstein field equations in the Bondi framework. Developed within the Spectral Einstein Code (SpEC), we demonstrate spectral characteristic evolution as a technical precursor to Cauchy Characteristic Extraction (CCE), a rigorous method for obtaining gauge-invariant gravitational waveforms from existing and future astrophysical simulations. We demonstrate the new algorithm's stability, convergence, and agreement with existing evolution methods. We explain how an innovative spectral approach enables a two orders of magnitude improvement in computational efficiency.

  19. Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Biomass Power Generation at the Former Farmland Industries Site in Lawrence, Kansas. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomberlin, G.; Mosey, G.

    2013-03-01

    Under the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provided funding to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to support a feasibility study of biomass renewable energy generation at the former Farmland Industries site in Lawrence, Kansas. Feasibility assessment team members conducted a site assessment to gather information integral to this feasibility study. Information such as biomass resources, transmission availability, on-site uses for heat and power, community acceptance, and ground conditions were considered.

  20. National solar energy education directory. Second edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corcoleotes, G; Cronin, S; Kramer, K; O'Connor, K

    1980-01-01

    The information contained in this directory is derived from responses to a national survey of educational institutions and organizations involved in solar energy educational activities beyond the secondary school level. Phone calls and follow-up mail requests were used to gather additional information when necessary. Every survey instrument was read, coded, and edited before entry into the data base from which this directory was produced. The Directory is organized alphabetically by state. Institutions and organizations within each state are categorized according to type (Colleges and Universities, Junior/Community Colleges, Vocational/Technical Schools, and Other Educational Institutions and Organizations) and listed alphabetically within these categories. Within each institutional listing the amount of information provided will vary according to the completeness of the survey response received from that institution. (MHR)

  1. Seed Packaging and Seed Characteristics in a Raphanus Hybrid-Derived Lineage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heredia, Sylvia Margarita

    2012-01-01

    CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Seed Packaging and Seed CharacteristicsFruit Wall Strength and Seed Packaging in the Hybrid-DerivedOF THE DISSERTATION Seed Packaging and Seed Characteristics

  2. TCM with Biopsychiatric Characteristics : : Marketing and the Imaginary of 'Five Phase Balance Regulation Therapy'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Amanda Jayne

    2013-01-01

    Biopsychiatric Characteristics: Marketing and the ImaginaryBiopsychiatric Characteristics: Marketing and the Imaginarythe imaginary in the marketing of integrated medicine in

  3. Table HC1-5a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Type of Owner...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Unit Characteristics by Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Owner- Occupied Units Type of...

  4. Table HC1-2a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Year of Construction...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Year of Construction, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Year of Construction RSE Row Factors...

  5. Table HC1-3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total 2001 Household Income Below Poverty Line...

  6. Table HC1-7a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Four Most Populated...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Housing Unit Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. Four Most Populated States...

  7. Effect of core structure irradiation on the RBMK neutron characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balygin, A. A., E-mail: balyg@dcnr.vver.kiae.ru; Krayushkin, A. V. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

    2014-12-15

    The effect of changes in the graphite density and fuel channel diameters on the RBMK neutron characteristics is estimated. It is shown that uncertainty of those quantities can lead to a noticeable difference between the calculated and experimental values of the steam coefficient of reactivity and the subcriticality of the reactor.

  8. Demographic characteristics of southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma, harvested by an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharf, Fred

    -level effects and negatively affect long-term fishery yield. K E Y W O R D S : age structure, fishing practices are captured in stationary gillnets and pound nets. Nearly all commercial harvest occurs in estuarine watersDemographic characteristics of southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma, harvested

  9. MMS 2007-035 Seafloor Characteristics and Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    seismic data archived with MMS and his unwavering support and patience during all the phases of this study. This study was sponsored by the Minerals Management Service under Contract/Order No. Open Market / 01-03-POOCS Study MMS 2007-035 Seafloor Characteristics and Distribution Patterns of Lophelia pertusa

  10. Municipal solid waste characteristics and management in Allahabad, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Municipal solid waste characteristics and management in Allahabad, India Mufeed Sharholy a , Kafeel parameters of the municipal solid waste management (MSWM) problem such as the generation rate of MSW and rise in community living standard accelerates the generation rate of muni- cipal solid waste (MSW

  11. Oak Ridge Reservation. Physical Characteristics and National Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parr, Patricia Dreyer; Joan, F. Hughes

    2006-10-09

    The topology, geology, hydrology, vegetation, and wildlife of the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) provide a complex and intricate array of resources that directly impact land stewardship and use decisions. The purpose of this document is to consolidate general information regarding the natural resources and physical characteristics of the ORR.

  12. CAR2 Displays Unique Ligand Binding and RXR Heterodimerization Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    CAR2 Displays Unique Ligand Binding and RXR Heterodimerization Characteristics Scott S. Auerbach ABSTRACT: The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR; NR1I3) regulates the expression of genes involved in xenobiotic metabolism. Alternative splicing of the human CAR gene yields an array of mRNAs that encode

  13. Fundamental Characteristics of Feedback Technical Report of the ISIS Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Fundamental Characteristics of Feedback Mechanisms Technical Report of the ISIS Group at the University of Notre Dame ISIS-2011-005 (This report is a revised version of the ISIS-2009-006 report) Panos J everywhere? Deeper understanding would make it possible to un- This report (ISIS-2011-005, September 2011

  14. Global observations and spectral characteristics of desert dust and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graaf, Martin de

    characteristics of desert dust and biomass burning scenes · Conclusions and Outlook #12;where Rayleigh R340 Doubling-Adding KNMI Radiative Transfer Model Solar zenith angle = 30° Viewing zenith angle = 0° Surface Model Solar zenith angle = 30° Viewing zenith angle = 0° Surface albedo = 5% Absorbing aerosols

  15. animals --produce characteristic, heritable incubation times and patterns of brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hays, Graeme

    animals -- produce characteristic, heritable incubation times and patterns of brain damage, the animalslivedalong,TSE-freelife,andmostly did not accumulate PrPSc in their brains (B. Chesebro, Rocky Mountain Labs, Hamilton, Montana). The injection of PrPSc -negative brain extracts from these mice into further

  16. Main Ecosystem Characteristics and Distribution of Wetlands in Boreal and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9 Main Ecosystem Characteristics and Distribution of Wetlands in Boreal and Alpine Landscapes influenced while the rest are considered uninfluenced by human impact. Impacts are mainly from machines used or successional shifts to other vegetation types are more evident in such habitats. The main threats

  17. Author's personal copy Radiation characteristics of Botryococcus braunii,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilon, Laurent

    . Introduction Intensive use of fossil fuels increases concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere 2009 Accepted 11 April 2009 Keywords: Radiative transfer Scattering Photobioreactors Carbon dioxide t This paper reports experimental measurements of the radiation characteristics of green algae used for carbon

  18. Wood of Giant Sequoia: Properties and Unique Characteristics1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood of Giant Sequoia: Properties and Unique Characteristics1 Douglas D. Piirto2 Abstract: Wood tree species. Wood properties such as specific gravity, various mechanical properties, extractive be considered for planting stock in managed production forests to increase future supplies of wood having

  19. CHARACTERISTIC p ANALOGUE OF MODULES WITH FINITE CRYSTALLINE HEIGHT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrashkin, Victor

    CHARACTERISTIC p ANALOGUE OF MODULES WITH FINITE CRYSTALLINE HEIGHT Victor Abrashkin1 Abstract of Galois modules with crystalline height h N. If h = 1 these modules appear as geometric points[K]-modules with crystalline height h. Examples of such modules are given by subquotients of crystalline representations of K

  20. STUDY OF RADIOACTIVE IMPURITIES IN SOLIDS PART ONE : RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    285 STUDY OF RADIOACTIVE IMPURITIES IN SOLIDS PART ONE : RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS F. HARTMANN problem of the emission of radiation by radioactive nuclei is usually treated in a very general form for the computation of relaxation and radiofrequency effects. LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE TOME 33, FÃ?VRIER-MARS 1972

  1. The Characteristics of Innovative, Mechanical Products* Matthew N. Saunders1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seepersad, Carolyn Conner

    The Characteristics of Innovative, Mechanical Products* Matthew N. Saunders1 and Carolyn C, but a few products are exceptionally successful, earning innovation awards and other benchmarks of success. To better understand the features of those innovative products, 197 award-winning products are analyzed

  2. SOIL MOISTURE CHARACTERISTICS IN UPPER PART OF HINDON RIVER CATCHMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, C.P.

    1 SOIL MOISTURE CHARACTERISTICS IN UPPER PART OF HINDON RIVER CATCHMENT C. P. Kumar* Vijay Kumar** Vivekanand Singh*** ABSTRACT Knowledge of the physics of soil water movement is crucial to the solution for estimating the soil hydraulic properties are required for prediction of soil water flow. This paper presents

  3. Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson, Ashok Anand,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson, Ashok Anand, Aditya Akella Research Redmond, WA, USA mzh@microsoft.com ABSTRACT As data centers become more and more central patterns in data center networks that can inform and help evaluate research and operational approaches. We

  4. Exotic fusion systems and Euler characteristics Eske Spars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Møller, Jesper Michael

    Exotic fusion systems and Euler characteristics Eske Sparsø Advisor: Jesper M. Møller September 19;Abstract We construct and examine some specific exotic fusion systems: The Ruiz-Viruel examples defined over over the extraspecial group of order 73 and exponent 7, and the Solomon fusion systems defined

  5. Molecules, muscles, and machines: Universal performance characteristics of motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marden, James

    Molecules, muscles, and machines: Universal performance characteristics of motors James H. Marden, piston engines, electric motors, and all types of jets. Dependence of force production and stress of materials and mechanisms. Organisms and machines move by exerting forces on their external environment

  6. RESERVOIR SIMULATION USING MIXED METHODS, A MODIFIED METHOD CHARACTERISTICS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Thomas F.

    RESERVOIR SIMULATION USING MIXED METHODS, A MODIFIED METHOD CHARACTERISTICS, AND LOCAL GRID Mathematical models for reservoir ow are governed by partial di#11;erential equations whose solution may v is the total Darcy velocity, p the total uid pressure [6], S denotes the saturation of water

  7. Chaotic characteristics of corona discharges in atmospheric air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tan Xiangyu; Zhang Qiaogen; Wang Xiuhuan; Sun Fu; Zha Wei; Jia Zhijie [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, 28 West Xianning Road, Xi'an 710049 (China)

    2008-11-15

    A point-plane electrode system in atmospheric air is established to investigate the mechanism of the corona discharge. By using this system, the current pulses of the corona discharges under the 50 Hz ac voltage are measured using partial discharge (PD) measurement instrument and constitute the point-plane voltage-current (V-I) characteristic equation together with the voltage. Then, this paper constructs the nonlinear circuit model and differential equations of the system in an attempt to give the underlying dynamic mechanism based on the nonlinear V-I characteristics of the point-plane corona discharges. The results show that the chaotic phenomenon is found in the corona circuit by the experimental study and nonlinear dynamic analysis. The basic dynamic characteristics, including the Lyapunov exponent, the existence of the strange attractors, and the equilibrium points, are also found and analyzed in the development process of the corona circuit. Moreover, the time series of the corona current pulses obtained in the experiment is used to demonstrate the chaotic characteristics of the corona current based on the nonlinear dynamic circuit theory and the experimental basis. It is pointed out that the corona phenomenon is not a purely stochastic phenomenon but a short term deterministic chaotic activity.

  8. Two tests for multivariate normality based on the characteristic function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arcones, Miguel A.

    Two tests for multivariate normality based on the characteristic function Miguel A. Arcones-mail:arcones@math.binghamton.edu April 10, 2007 Abstract We present two tests for multivariate normality. The presented tests are based on the L´evy characterization of the normal distribution and on the BHEP tests. The tests are affine

  9. Investigation of lasing characteristics of 1% Nd : YAG laser ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vatnik, S M; Osipov, V V; Vedin, I A; Kurbatov, P F

    2013-03-31

    The lasing characteristics of 1 % Nd : YAG laser ceramics synthesised at the Institute of Electrophysics, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences are studied. CW lasing is obtained in all the samples with the slope and total optical efficiencies of 25 % and 18 %, respectively. Intrinsic absorption and scattering losses in the ceramics are estimated. (extreme light fields and their applications)

  10. Characteristics of Aluminum Biosorption by Sargassum fluitans Biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    Characteristics of Aluminum Biosorption by Sargassum fluitans Biomass Hak Sung Lee1, * and Bohumil3A 2B2, Canada Abstract: Biomass of nonliving brown seaweed Sargassum fluitans pretreated.5. There are indications that the biomass hydroxyl groups were involved in sequestering the aluminum in the form

  11. Characteristics of meteorological parameters associated with Hurricane Isabel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ramesh P.

    Characteristics of meteorological parameters associated with Hurricane Isabel R. Gautam, G. Cervone-sea interactions associated with Hurricane Isabel, which landed on the east coast of the United States on September 18, 2003. Hurricane Isabel is considered to be one of the most significant and severe tropical

  12. Towards Optimal Energy Store-Carry-and-Deliver for PHEVs via V2G System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuang, Weihua

    technology is incorporated to facilitate the energy delivery by providing electricity pricing and energy energy flow, non- stationary energy demand, battery characteristics, and TOU elec- tricity price. WeTowards Optimal Energy Store-Carry-and-Deliver for PHEVs via V2G System Hao Liang, Bong Jun Choi

  13. Sustainable Energy Energies renouvelables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    1 Cours de Sustainable Energy Energies renouvelables en Belgique Avril 2015 Dr. Ir. Raoul NIHART'énergie de stock » · Notion « d'énergie de flux » #12;4 Pourquoi les SER ? (SER = Sources d'Energie,1 % Structure de la production à partir d'Energies Renouvelables dans le monde en 2012 Source : EDF Géothermie 1

  14. Energy Conservation Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delgado, Mauricio

    Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

  15. EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 03: Characteristics of Sunlight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Todd J.

    :PhotonperEnergyFluxPhoton:DensityEnergy 5 For the same intensity of light shorter wavelengths require fewer photons, since the energy content of each individual photon is greater Radiant Power Density hc JE photon JE m photons m W H 22 sec # 6 #12;2 Radiant Power Density · The total power density

  16. Pawnee Nation Energy Option Analyses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matlock, M.; Kersey, K.; Riding In, C.

    2009-07-31

    In 2003, the Pawnee Nation leadership identified the need for the tribe to comprehensively address its energy issues. During a strategic energy planning workshop a general framework was laid out and the Pawnee Nation Energy Task Force was created to work toward further development of the tribe’s energy vision. The overarching goals of the “first steps” project were to identify the most appropriate focus for its strategic energy initiatives going forward, and to provide information necessary to take the next steps in pursuit of the “best fit” energy options. Based on the request of Pawnee Nation’s Energy Task Force the research team, consisting Tribal personnel and Summit Blue Consulting, focused on a review of renewable energy resource development potential, funding sources and utility organizational along with energy savings options. Elements of the energy demand forecasting and characterization and demand side options review remained in the scope of work, but were only addressed at a high level. Description of Activities Performed Renewable Energy Resource Development Potential The research team reviewed existing data pertaining to the availability of biomass (focusing on woody biomass, agricultural biomass/bio-energy crops, and methane capture), solar, wind and hydropower resources on the Pawnee-owned lands. Using these data, combined with assumptions about costs and revenue streams, the research team performed preliminary feasibility assessments for each resource category. The research team also reviewed available funding resources and made recommendations to Pawnee Nation highlighting those resources with the greatest potential for financially-viable development, both in the near-term and over a longer time horizon. Energy Efficiency Options While this was not a major focus of the project, the research team highlighted common strategies for reducing energy use in buildings. The team also discussed the benefits of adopting a building energy code and introduced two model energy codes Pawnee Nation should consider for adoption. Summary of Current and Expected Future Electricity Usage The research team provided a summary overview of electricity usage patterns in current buildings and included discussion of known plans for new construction. Utility Options Review Pawnee Nation electric utility options were analyzed through a four-phase process, which included: 1) summarizing the relevant utility background information; 2) gathering relevant utility assessment data; 3) developing a set of realistic Pawnee electric utility service options, and 4) analyzing the various Pawnee electric utility service options for the Pawnee Energy Team’s consideration. III. Findings and Recommendations Due to a lack of financial incentives for renewable energy, particularly at the state level, combined mediocre renewable energy resources, renewable energy development opportunities are limited for Pawnee Nation. However, near-term potential exists for development of solar hot water at the gym, and an exterior wood-fired boiler system at the tribe’s main administrative building. Pawnee Nation should also explore options for developing LFGTE resources in collaboration with the City of Pawnee. Significant potential may also exist for development of bio-energy resources within the next decade. Pawnee Nation representatives should closely monitor market developments in the bio-energy industry, establish contacts with research institutions with which the tribe could potentially partner in grant-funded research initiatives. In addition, a substantial effort by the Kaw and Cherokee tribes is underway to pursue wind development at the Chilocco School Site in northern Oklahoma where Pawnee is a joint landowner. Pawnee Nation representatives should become actively involved in these development discussions and should explore the potential for joint investment in wind development at the Chilocco site.

  17. Philippines Wind Energy Resource Atlas Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, D.

    2000-11-29

    This paper describes the creation of a comprehensive wind energy resource atlas for the Philippines. The atlas was created to facilitate the rapid identification of good wind resource areas and understanding of the salient wind characteristics. Detailed wind resource maps were generated for the entire country using an advanced wind mapping technique and innovative assessment methods recently developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

  18. Energy resources and technologies for rural third world countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parate, N.S.

    1983-12-01

    This paper examines the various energy sources, renewable and nonrenewable, in the context of developing and industrialised countries. Particular experiences and technical data are mentioned regarding the United States' experience in this area and the Public Utilities Commissions of various states. The author has gathered various technical information on energy generation and public policies on energy issues while associated with the Public Utility Commission as a staff member and having testified as expert witness in a number of electric energy rate cases in Pennsylvania, North Carolina and West Virginia. This paper surveys the available alternate energy technologies to meet the energe needs at the village level, with particular reference to their application in Pakistan. This paper concludes after analysing the various energy choices as to the resources, policies and energy education development. The author has proposed small workshops at the high school level for students and teachers, based on the same concepts developed by the Department of Energy. Development of advanced research and cooperation in ''renewable energy resources'' through A.I.D. programs is recommended.

  19. Electrical Energy Conservation and Peak Demand Reduction Potential for Buildings in Texas: Preliminary Results 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunn, B. D.; Baughman, M. L.; Silver, S. C.; Rosenfeld, A. H.; Akbari, H.

    1985-01-01

    This paper presents preliminary results of a study of electrical energy conservation and peak demand reduction potential for the building sector in Texas. Starting from 1980 building stocks and energy use characteristics, technical conservation...

  20. Characteristics and Behaviour of High Burnup Fuel that May Affect the Containment Source Terms for Cask Accidents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Einziger, Robert E.; Beyer, Carl E.

    2007-08-01

    Current risk assessments of spent fuel in storage and transportation casks use the properties of LWR fuel below 45 GWd/MTU. Fuel is being driven to higher burnups that may influence the source term in cask accidents. To achieve these burnups the manufacturers are introducing new assembly designs and cladding alloys. As a result, at the higher burnups (? 50 GWd/MTU) some of the characteristics of the fuel pellets, cladding, and assembly design used in the safety analysis have changed. The fuel pellet has developed a fine grained, Pu rich rim zone on its exterior surface. The source term may increase by 1 – 3 orders of magnitude depending on the fracture characteristics of the rim. The cladding may acquire hydrogen contents up to 700 wppm during the increased exposure. Embrittlement with subsequent lose of ductility may occur, especially if there is hydride reorientation. As a result, there may be a greater propensity for fracture of the rods upon impact with subsequent release of fuel particulate and gas. Significantly improved source terms can be developed if additional data on fuel rim fracture as a function of impact energy, the dependence of cladding ductility for Zircaloy and the newer cladding alloys as a function of hydride reorientation, and release characteristics for fractured rods were obtained. CRUD spallation characteristics only make a significant contribution to the source term if the rods do not fracture in the accident or if a fire only accident occurs.

  1. Army Energy and Water Reporting System Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deprez, Peggy C.; Giardinelli, Michael J.; Burke, John S.; Connell, Linda M.

    2011-09-01

    There are many areas of desired improvement for the Army Energy and Water Reporting System. The purpose of system is to serve as a data repository for collecting information from energy managers, which is then compiled into an annual energy report. This document summarizes reported shortcomings of the system and provides several alternative approaches for improving application usability and adding functionality. The U.S. Army has been using Army Energy and Water Reporting System (AEWRS) for many years to collect and compile energy data from installations for facilitating compliance with Federal and Department of Defense energy management program reporting requirements. In this analysis, staff from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory found that substantial opportunities exist to expand AEWRS functions to better assist the Army to effectively manage energy programs. Army leadership must decide if it wants to invest in expanding AEWRS capabilities as a web-based, enterprise-wide tool for improving the Army Energy and Water Management Program or simply maintaining a bottom-up reporting tool. This report looks at both improving system functionality from an operational perspective and increasing user-friendliness, but also as a tool for potential improvements to increase program effectiveness. The authors of this report recommend focusing on making the system easier for energy managers to input accurate data as the top priority for improving AEWRS. The next major focus of improvement would be improved reporting. The AEWRS user interface is dated and not user friendly, and a new system is recommended. While there are relatively minor improvements that could be made to the existing system to make it easier to use, significant improvements will be achieved with a user-friendly interface, new architecture, and a design that permits scalability and reliability. An expanded data set would naturally have need of additional requirements gathering and a focus on integrating with other existing data sources, thus minimizing manually entered data.

  2. Technology Development: Wireless Sensors and Controls BT0201 Review of Energy Scavenging Schemes and Recommended Order of Investigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeSteese, John G.; Olsen, Larry C.; Schienbein, Lawrence A.

    2004-09-01

    This report reviews the characteristics of four candidate concepts that extract and convert ambient energy to provide electrical power for wireless sensors.

  3. A comparison between characteristics of atmospheric-pressure plasma jets sustained by nanosecond- and microsecond-pulse generators in helium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Cheng; Shao, Tao Wang, Ruixue; Yan, Ping; Zhou, Zhongsheng; Zhou, Yixiao

    2014-10-15

    Power source is an important parameter that can affect the characteristics of atmospheric-pressure plasma jets (APPJs), because it can play a key role on the discharge characteristics and ionization process of APPJs. In this paper, the characteristics of helium APPJs sustained by both nanosecond-pulse and microsecond-pulse generators are compared from the aspects of plume length, discharge current, consumption power, energy, and optical emission spectrum. Experimental results showed that the pulsed APPJ was initiated near the high-voltage electrode with a small curvature radius, and then the stable helium APPJ could be observed when the applied voltage increased. Moreover, the discharge current of the nanosecond-pulse APPJ was larger than that of the microsecond-pulse APPJ. Furthermore, although the nanosecond-pulse generator consumed less energy than the microsecond-pulse generator, longer plume length, larger instantaneous power per pulse and stronger spectral line intensity could be obtained in the nanosecond-pulse excitation case. In addition, some discussion indicated that the rise time of the applied voltage could play a prominent role on the generation of APPJs.

  4. The characteristics of neutrinonuclear reactions at E_nu = 1 - 3 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. M. Agababyan; V. V. Ammosov; M. Atayan; N. Grigoryan; H. Gulkanyan; A. A. Ivanilov; Zh. Karamyan; V. A. Korotkov

    2004-08-25

    For the first time, the characteristics of the charged current neutrinonuclear interactions are investigated at $E_{\

  5. Differences in the Physical Characteristics of Diesel PM with Increasing Biofuel Blend Level

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Measure physical characteristics, carbon state, and surface bound oxygen of soot from biodiesel blends.

  6. Evolution of Cyclone Characteristics The composite evolution of west and east Atlantic cyclone is likely to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dacre, Helen

    Evolution of Cyclone Characteristics The composite evolution of west and east Atlantic cyclone. The spatial distribution and evolution characteristics of North Atlantic cyclones. Mon. Wea. Rev. 137, 99 characteristics and the evolution of these characteristics are calculated in composite cyclones. Method · Cyclones

  7. Electrical characteristics of Harwell 7000 series dataway (Multilayer printed circuit board type 94/40148-6)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hale, F H

    1970-01-01

    Electrical characteristics of Harwell 7000 series dataway (Multilayer printed circuit board type 94/40148-6)

  8. Energy Saver | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Save Energy, Save Money Energy 101: Home Cooling Infographic Energy 101: Home Cooling Infographic Just in time for summer Check out our Energy 101: Home Cooling Infographic. With...

  9. Nature Energie | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nature Energie Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nature Energie Place: France Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: French developer of wind and solar energy projects. References:...

  10. Neutron Emission Characteristics of Two Mixed-Oxide Fuels: Simulations and Initial Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. L. Chichester; S. A. Pozzi; J. L. Dolan; M. Flaska; J. T. Johnson; E. H. Seabury; E. M. Gantz

    2009-07-01

    Simulations and experiments have been carried out to investigate the neutron emission characteristics of two mixed-oxide (MOX) fuels at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). These activities are part of a project studying advanced instrumentation techniques in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cycle Research and Development program and it's Materials Protection, Accounting, and Control for Transmutation (MPACT) campaign. This analysis used the MCNP-PoliMi Monte Carlo simulation tool to determine the relative strength and energy spectra of the different neutron source terms within these fuels, and then used this data to simulate the detection and measurement of these emissions using an array of liquid scintillator neutron spectrometers. These calculations accounted for neutrons generated from the spontaneous fission of the actinides in the MOX fuel as well as neutrons created via (alpha,n) reactions with oxygen in the MOX fuel. The analysis was carried out to allow for characterization of both neutron energy as well as neutron coincidences between multiple detectors. Coincidences between prompt gamma rays and neutrons were also analyzed. Experiments were performed at INL with the same materials used in the simulations to benchmark and begin validation tests of the simulations. Data was collected in these experiments using an array of four liquid scintillators and a high-speed waveform digitizer. Advanced digital pulse-shape discrimination algorithms were developed and used to collect this data. Results of the simulation and modeling studies are presented together with preliminary results from the experimental campaign.

  11. 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 2 Solar Energy to Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Feifei

    © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 2 Solar Energy to Earth and the Seasons #12;© 2015 Pearson of the solar wind. · Explain the characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum of radiant energy. · Illustrate the interception of solar energy and its uneven distribution at the top of the atmosphere

  12. Pulse combustor modeling demonstration of the importance of characteristic times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barr, P.K.; Keller, J.O.; Bramlette, T.T.; Dec, J.E. (Combustion Research Facility, Sandia National Lab., Livermore, CA (US)); Westbrook, C.K. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., Univ. of California, Livermore, CA (US))

    1990-12-01

    A numerical model has been developed to study the sensitivity of a pulse combustor's performance to changes in the relative timing between several of the dominant physical processes. The model is used to demonstrate the importance of the characteristic times associated with acoustics, fluid mixing, and chemical kinetics, which have been identified from both theoretical and experimental evidence. The combination of submodels for acoustics, injection, and combustion produces a pulse combustor model that is dynamic in that it fully couples the injection and mixing processes to the acoustic waves. Comparisons of simulations with experimental results show good agreement, verifying the model over a wide range of operating conditions. Because the model provides more control of the dominant processes than can be obtained in experiments, the parametric study establishes the cause-effect relations between the characteristic times and the resulting combustor performance.

  13. Design characteristics for facilities which process hazardous particulate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abeln, S.P.; Creek, K.; Salisbury, S.

    1998-12-01

    Los Alamos National Laboratory is establishing a research and processing capability for beryllium. The unique properties of beryllium, including light weight, rigidity, thermal conductivity, heat capacity, and nuclear properties make it critical to a number of US defense and aerospace programs. Concomitant with the unique engineering properties are the health hazards associated with processing beryllium in a particulate form and the potential for worker inhalation of aerosolized beryllium. Beryllium has the lowest airborne standard for worker protection compared to all other nonradioactive metals by more than an order of magnitude. This paper describes the design characteristics of the new beryllium facility at Los Alamos as they relate to protection of the workforce. Design characteristics to be reviewed include; facility layout, support systems to minimize aerosol exposure and spread, and detailed review of the ventilation system design for general room air cleanliness and extraction of particulate at the source.

  14. Comparison of Caprock Mineral Characteristics at Field Demonstration Sites for Saline Aquifer Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffith, C.A.; Lowry, G. (Carnegie Mellon University); Dzombak, D. (Carnegie Mellon University); Soong, Yee; Hedges, S.W.

    2008-10-01

    In 2003 the U.S Department of Energy initiated regional partnership programs to address the concern for rising atmospheric CO2. These partnerships were formed to explore regional and economical means for geologically sequestering CO2 across the United States and to set the stage for future commercial applications. Several options exist for geological sequestration and among these sequestering CO2 into deep saline aquifers is one of the most promising. This is due, in part, to the possibility of stabilized permanent storage through mineral precipitation from chemical interactions of the injected carbon dioxide with the brine and reservoir rock. There are nine field demonstration sites for saline sequestration among the regional partnerships in Phase II development to validate the overall commercial feasibility for CO2 geological sequestration. Of the nine sites considered for Phase II saline sequestration demonstration, seven are profiled in this study for their caprock lithologic and mineral characteristics.

  15. Numerical solution of the time dependent neutron transport equation by the method of the characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talamo, Alberto

    2013-05-01

    This study presents three numerical algorithms to solve the time dependent neutron transport equation by the method of the characteristics. The algorithms have been developed taking into account delayed neutrons and they have been implemented into the novel MCART code, which solves the neutron transport equation for two-dimensional geometry and an arbitrary number of energy groups. The MCART code uses regular mesh for the representation of the spatial domain, it models up-scattering, and takes advantage of OPENMP and OPENGL algorithms for parallel computing and plotting, respectively. The code has been benchmarked with the multiplication factor results of a Boiling Water Reactor, with the analytical results for a prompt jump transient in an infinite medium, and with PARTISN and TDTORT results for cross section and source transients. The numerical simulations have shown that only two numerical algorithms are stable for small time steps.

  16. Synthesis and characteristic of self-assembled diamond/copper nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shi Xiaoqn; Jiang Xiaohong Lu Lude; Yang Xujie; Wang Xin

    2008-11-03

    Nanodiamond (ND) supported metal oxide or metal catalysts exhibit excellent catalytic activity. ND/Cu nanocomposites and Cu nanoparticles were prepared by reducing Cu(NO{sub 3}){sub 2} in reverses micelle solution. Products were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra, UV-vis optical characteristic and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). From the point of nucleation and grow of crystal, ND contributed to heterogeneous nucleation of Cu nanocrystal. The reactive mechanism was explored based on theory of free energy. The formation of resultant self-assembled structures was explained through diffusion-limited aggregation model and Marangoni effect. Both Cu and ND/Cu nanoparticles were strong catalysts on decomposition of NH{sub 4}ClO{sub 4} (AP), and ND/Cu is more effective.

  17. Evaluation of the two-photon absorption characteristics of GaSb/GaAs quantum rings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagener, M. C.; Botha, J. R.; Carrington, P. J.; Krier, A.

    2014-07-28

    The optical parameters describing the sub-bandgap response of GaSb/GaAs quantum rings solar cells have been obtained from photocurrent measurements using a modulated pseudo-monochromatic light source in combination with a second, continuous photo-filling source. By controlling the charge state of the quantum rings, the photoemission cross-sections describing the two-photon sub-bandgap transitions could be determined independently. Temperature dependent photo-response measurements also revealed that the barrier for thermal hole emission from the quantum rings is significantly below the quantum ring localisation energy. The temperature dependence of the sub-bandgap photo-response of the solar cell is also described in terms of the photo- and thermal-emission characteristics of the quantum rings.

  18. Characteristics of potential repository wastes. Peer review report for revision 1 of DOE/RW-0184

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowart, C.G.; Notz, K.J.

    1992-10-01

    This report presents the results of a fully documented peer review of DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, ``Characteristics of Potential Repository Wastes``. The peer review was chaired and administered by oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) and was conducted in accordance with OCRWM QA procedure QAAP 3.3 ``Peer Review`` for the purpose of quailing the document for use in OCRWM quality-affecting work. The peer reviewers selected represent a wide range of experience and knowledge particularly suitable for evaluating the subject matter. A total of 596 formal comments were documented by the seven peer review panels, and all were successfully resolved. The peers reached the conclusion that DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, is quality determined and suitable for use in quality-affecting work.

  19. Mechanical Characteristics of Submerged Arc Weldment in API Gas Pipeline Steel of Grade X65

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hashemi, S. H.; Mohammadyani, D.

    2011-01-17

    The mechanical properties of submerged arc weldment (SAW) in gas transportation pipeline steel of grade API X65 (65 ksi yield strength) were investigated. This steel is produced by thermo mechanical control rolled (TMC), and is largely used in Iran gas piping systems and networks. The results from laboratory study on three different regions; i.e. base metal (BM), fusion zone (FZ) and heat affected zone (HAZ) were used to compare weldment mechanical characteristics with those specified by API 5L (revision 2004) standard code. Different laboratory experiments were conducted on test specimens taken from 48 inch outside diameter and 14.3 mm wall thickness gas pipeline. The test results showed a gradient of microstructure and Vickers hardness data from the centerline of FZ towards the unaffected MB. Similarly, lower Charpy absorbed energy (compared to BM) was observed in the FZ impact specimens. Despite this, the API specifications were fulfilled in three tested zones, ensuring pipeline structural integrity under working conditions.

  20. Measurement of beam characteristics from C{sup 6+} laser ion source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, A. Sako, K.; Sato, K.; Hayashizaki, N.; Hattori, T.

    2014-02-15

    We developed a C{sup 6+} laser ion source for a heavy-ion accelerator. A carbon target was irradiated with a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm wavelength, 1.4 J maximum laser energy, 10 ns pulse duration) to generate a high-density plasma. The laser ion source employed a rotating carbon target for continuous operation. Ion beams were extracted from the plasma through a drift space using a direct plasma injection scheme [B. Yu. Sharkov, A. V. Shumshurov, V. P. Dubenkow, O. B. Shamaev, and A. A. Golubev, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 2841 (1992)] up to a maximum voltage of 40 kV. We measured the characteristics of the ion beams from the laser ion source and present the results of experiments here.