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1

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Emissions to someone by E-mail Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Vehicle Emissions Natural gas burns cleaner than conventional gasoline or diesel due to its

2

Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicles and Mobile Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment October 7, 2013 - 11:32am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 To gain a good understanding of a Federal agency's Scope 1 vehicle and mobile equipment greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the agency must first collect the necessary data to profile any emissions sources then analyze the data in a way that will clarify the most viable strategies and alternatives. Emissions cannot be managed until they are measured. Through the use of fleet/vehicle management information systems, as well as reporting to the Federal Energy Management Program and General Services Administration, agencies are increasingly collecting and documenting useful data elements at the headquarters-and sometimes at specific site -levels.

3

Fuel composition effects on natural gas vehicle emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under a contract from DOE`s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and support from Brooklyn Union Gas Company (BUG), Northern Illinois Gas Co., the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) evaluated four state-of-the-art, electronic, closed-loop natural gas vehicle (NGV) conversion systems. The systems included an Impco electronic closed-loop system, Mogas electronic closed-loop system, Stewart and Stevenson`s GFI system, and an Automotive Natural Gas Inc. (ANGI) Level 1 electronic closed-loop conversion system. Conversion system evaluation included emission testing per 40 CFR Part 86, and driveability. All testing was performed with a 1993 Chevy Lumina equipped with a 3.1 liter MPFI V6 engine. Each system was emission tested using three different certified compositions of natural gas, representing the 10th, mean and 90th percentile gas compositions distributed in the United States. Emission testing on indolene was performed prior to conversion kit testing to establish a base emission value. Indolene testing was also performed at the end of the project when the vehicle was converted to its OEM configuration to ensure that the vehicle`s emissions were not altered during testing. The results of these tests will be presented.

Blazek, C.F.; Grimes, J.; Freeman, P. [Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States); Bailey, B.K.; Colucci, C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Heavy-Duty Vehicle Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

5

Collect Data to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Collect Data to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment October 7, 2013 - 11:34am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Data needs for greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation planning related to Federal agency vehicles and mobile equipment can be described in terms of five key categories: Vehicle Inventory A detailed vehicle profile is essential to right-sizing an agency's vehicle inventory and thereby reducing fuel use, emissions, and operating costs. In combination with vehicle usage and mission data, this information can be used to develop an optimal vehicle acquisition plan and vehicle allocation methodology (VAM) to identify vehicles that may represent good candidates for reassignment or disposal. This data assists in correctly sizing a fleet

6

Fuel-cycle greenhouse gas emissions impacts of alternative transportation fuels and advanced vehicle technologies.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

At an international conference on global warming, held in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997, the United States committed to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 7% over its 1990 level by the year 2012. To help achieve that goal, transportation GHG emissions need to be reduced. Using Argonne's fuel-cycle model, I estimated GHG emissions reduction potentials of various near- and long-term transportation technologies. The estimated per-mile GHG emissions results show that alternative transportation fuels and advanced vehicle technologies can help significantly reduce transportation GHG emissions. Of the near-term technologies evaluated in this study, electric vehicles; hybrid electric vehicles; compression-ignition, direct-injection vehicles; and E85 flexible fuel vehicles can reduce fuel-cycle GHG emissions by more than 25%, on the fuel-cycle basis. Electric vehicles powered by electricity generated primarily from nuclear and renewable sources can reduce GHG emissions by 80%. Other alternative fuels, such as compressed natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas, offer limited, but positive, GHG emission reduction benefits. Among the long-term technologies evaluated in this study, conventional spark ignition and compression ignition engines powered by alternative fuels and gasoline- and diesel-powered advanced vehicles can reduce GHG emissions by 10% to 30%. Ethanol dedicated vehicles, electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel-cell vehicles can reduce GHG emissions by over 40%. Spark ignition engines and fuel-cell vehicles powered by cellulosic ethanol and solar hydrogen (for fuel-cell vehicles only) can reduce GHG emissions by over 80%. In conclusion, both near- and long-term alternative fuels and advanced transportation technologies can play a role in reducing the United States GHG emissions.

Wang, M. Q.

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

7

Fuel-cycle greenhouse gas emissions impacts of alternative transportation fuels and advanced vehicle technologies.  

SciTech Connect

At an international conference on global warming, held in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997, the United States committed to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 7% over its 1990 level by the year 2012. To help achieve that goal, transportation GHG emissions need to be reduced. Using Argonne's fuel-cycle model, I estimated GHG emissions reduction potentials of various near- and long-term transportation technologies. The estimated per-mile GHG emissions results show that alternative transportation fuels and advanced vehicle technologies can help significantly reduce transportation GHG emissions. Of the near-term technologies evaluated in this study, electric vehicles; hybrid electric vehicles; compression-ignition, direct-injection vehicles; and E85 flexible fuel vehicles can reduce fuel-cycle GHG emissions by more than 25%, on the fuel-cycle basis. Electric vehicles powered by electricity generated primarily from nuclear and renewable sources can reduce GHG emissions by 80%. Other alternative fuels, such as compressed natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas, offer limited, but positive, GHG emission reduction benefits. Among the long-term technologies evaluated in this study, conventional spark ignition and compression ignition engines powered by alternative fuels and gasoline- and diesel-powered advanced vehicles can reduce GHG emissions by 10% to 30%. Ethanol dedicated vehicles, electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel-cell vehicles can reduce GHG emissions by over 40%. Spark ignition engines and fuel-cell vehicles powered by cellulosic ethanol and solar hydrogen (for fuel-cell vehicles only) can reduce GHG emissions by over 80%. In conclusion, both near- and long-term alternative fuels and advanced transportation technologies can play a role in reducing the United States GHG emissions.

Wang, M. Q.

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

8

Analyze Data to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Analyze Data to Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment October 7, 2013 - 11:36am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 After a Federal agency has collected detailed information about its vehicle inventory, fuel consumption, usage, mission, and alternative fuel availability, it can analyze the data to determine the most cost-effective options for petroleum reduction and greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation. Data can be analyzed at the agency, program, fleet (or site), or vehicle level for the following purposes: Determining the most important mobile emission sources Determining whether vehicles are performing and being utilized to minimize GHG emissions Identifying mission constraints. Next Step After analyzing data for evaluating an emissions profile, the next step in

9

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions 1015325 Final Report, July 2007 Each of the ... scenarios showed significant Greenhouse Gas reductions due to PHEV fleet penetration ... ... PHEVs adoption results in significant reduction in the consumption of petroleum fuels. ' ' DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITIES THIS DOCUMENT WAS PREPARED BY THE ORGANIZATION(S) NAMED BELOW AS AN ACCOUNT OF WORK SPONSORED OR COSPONSORED BY THE ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE, INC. (EPRI). NEITHER EPRI, ANY MEMBER OF EPRI, ANY COSPONSOR, THE ORGANIZATION(S) BELOW, NOR ANY PERSON ACTING

10

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY USAGE, AND GREENHOUSE EMISSIONS GAS 4. ASSESSMENT ANDgas consumption (miles per gallon or Wh mile) of a vehicle, calculation of the fuel usageGas from Biomass from Solar Carbon Dioxide Table 2: [gin ~mlsslons~-~iJfr Usage

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Vehicle tail pipe emissions. A comparison of natural gas and petrol injection  

SciTech Connect

Tests were undertaken with a Renault Express 1.4 litre converted to natural gas operation. The effect of cold starts at cold temperatures and vehicle weight on tail pipe emissions were investigated with petrol and natural gas operation over the FTP75 and the 91/441/EEC drive cycles. The results show that the emissions with natural gas are unaffected by cold temperature, unlike petrol emissions which are several times higher at -15{degree}-C than at 25{degree}-C. A crude simulation, accounting for the actual temperature, shows that the conversion of a significant quantity of light duty vehicles to natural gas operation could reduce the emissions of CO and HC by more than 90% in Switzerland. 15 refs., 17 figs., 8 tabs.

Bates, G.J.; Germano, S.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

In July 2002, California Assembly Bill 1493 (A.B. 1493) was signed into law. The law requires that the California Air Resources Board (CARB) develop and adopt, by January 1, 2005, greenhouse gas emission standards for light-duty vehicles that provide the maximum feasible reduction in emissions. In estimating the feasibility of the standard, CARB is required to consider cost-effectiveness, technological capability, economic impacts, and flexibility for manufacturers in meeting the standard.

Information Center

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Greenhouse gas emission impacts of alternative-fueled vehicles: Near-term vs. long-term technology options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Alternative-fueled vehicle technologies have been promoted and used for reducing petroleum use, urban air pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions. In this paper, greenhouse gas emission impacts of near-term and long-term light-duty alternative-fueled vehicle technologies are evaluated. Near-term technologies, available now, include vehicles fueled with M85 (85% methanol and 15% gasoline by volume), E85 (85% ethanol that is produced from corn and 15% gasoline by volume), compressed natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas. Long-term technologies, assumed to be available around the year 2010, include battery-powered electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, vehicles fueled with E85 (ethanol produced from biomass), and fuel-cell vehicles fueled with hydrogen or methanol. The near-term technologies are found to have small to moderate effects on vehicle greenhouse gas emissions. On the other hand, the long-term technologies, especially those using renewable energy (such as biomass and solar energy), have great potential for reducing vehicle greenhouse gas emissions. In order to realize this greenhouse gas emission reduction potential, R and D efforts must continue on the long-term technology options so that they can compete successfully with conventional vehicle technology.

Wang, M.Q.

1997-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

14

Greenhouse gas emission impacts of electric vehicles under varying driving cycles in various countries and US cities  

SciTech Connect

Past studies have shown that use of electric vehicles (EVs) can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, relative to emissions from gasoline-fueled internal-combustion-engine vehicles. However, those studies have not considered all aspects that determine greenhouse gas emissions from both gasoline vehicles (GVs) and EVs. Aspects often overlooked include variations in vehicle trip characteristics, inclusion of all greenhouse gases, and vehicle total fuel cycle. In this paper, the authors estimate greenhouse gas emission reductions for EVs, including these important aspects. They select four US cities (Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington, D.C.) and six countries (Australia, France, Japan, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the US) and analyze greenhouse emission impacts of EVs in each city or country. These selected cities and countries have distinct differences in electric power-plant fuel mixes. They also select six driving cycles developed around the world. They choose one specific driving cycle for a given city or country and estimate the energy consumption of four-passenger compact electric and gasoline cars in the given city or country. Thus, the city- or country-specific vehicle energy consumption estimates reflect effects of both vehicle driving cycles and electric power-plant mixes. Finally, they estimate total fuel cycle greenhouse gas emissions of both GVs and EVs by accounting for emissions from primary energy recovery, transportation, and processing; energy product transportation; and power-plant and vehicle operations. They estimate that relative to GVs, EVs reduce greenhouse gas emissions in all selected US cities and countries.

Wang, M.Q.; Marr, W.W. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Impact of Canadas Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technologies for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions form RoadConsiders Copying Californias Greenhouse Gas Law. http://Regulations to Control Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Impact of Canada's Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technologies for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions form RoadConsiders Copying Californias Greenhouse Gas Law. http://Regulations to Control Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The Natural Gas Vehicle Challenge `92: Exhaust emissions testing and results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Challenge `92, was organized by Argonne National Laboratory. The main sponsors were the US Department of Energy the Energy, Mines, and Resources -- Canada, and the Society of Automotive Engineers. It resulted in 20 varied approaches to the conversion of a gasoline-fueled, spark-ignited, internal combustion engine to dedicated natural gas use. Starting with a GMC Sierra 2500 pickup truck donated by General Motors, teams of college and university student engineers worked to optimize Chevrolet V-8 engines operating on natural gas for improved emissions, fuel economy, performance, and advanced design features. This paper focuses on the results of the emission event, and compares engine mechanical configurations, engine management systems, catalyst configurations and locations, and approaches to fuel control and the relationship of these parameters to engine. out and tailpipe emissions of regulated exhaust constituents. Nine of the student modified trucks passed the current levels of exhaust emission standards, and some exceeded the strictest future emissions standards envisioned by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Factors contributing to good emissions control using natural gas are summarized, and observations concerning necessary components of a successful emissions control strategy are presented.

Rimkus, W.A.; Larsen, R.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Zammit, M.G. [Johnson Matthey, Wayne, PA (United States); Davies, J.G.; Salmon, G.S. [General Motors of Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (Canada); Bruetsch, R.I. [US Environmental Protection Agency (United States)

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

The Natural Gas Vehicle Challenge '92: Exhaust emissions testing and results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Challenge '92, was organized by Argonne National Laboratory. The main sponsors were the US Department of Energy the Energy, Mines, and Resources -- Canada, and the Society of Automotive Engineers. It resulted in 20 varied approaches to the conversion of a gasoline-fueled, spark-ignited, internal combustion engine to dedicated natural gas use. Starting with a GMC Sierra 2500 pickup truck donated by General Motors, teams of college and university student engineers worked to optimize Chevrolet V-8 engines operating on natural gas for improved emissions, fuel economy, performance, and advanced design features. This paper focuses on the results of the emission event, and compares engine mechanical configurations, engine management systems, catalyst configurations and locations, and approaches to fuel control and the relationship of these parameters to engine. out and tailpipe emissions of regulated exhaust constituents. Nine of the student modified trucks passed the current levels of exhaust emission standards, and some exceeded the strictest future emissions standards envisioned by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Factors contributing to good emissions control using natural gas are summarized, and observations concerning necessary components of a successful emissions control strategy are presented.

Rimkus, W.A.; Larsen, R.P. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Zammit, M.G. (Johnson Matthey, Wayne, PA (United States)); Davies, J.G.; Salmon, G.S. (General Motors of Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (Canada)); Bruetsch, R.I. (US Environmental Protection Agency (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Greenhouse gas emission impacts of electric vehicles under varying driving cycles in various counties and US cities  

SciTech Connect

Electric vehicles (EVs) can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, relative to emissions from gasoline-fueled vehicles. However, those studies have not considered all aspects that determine greenhouse gas emissions from both gasoline vehicles (GVs) and EVs. Aspects often overlooked include variations in vehicle trip characteristics, inclusion of all greenhouse gases, and vehicle total fuel cycle. In this paper, we estimate greenhouse gas emission reductions for EVs, including these important aspects. We select four US cities (Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington, D.C.) and six countries (Australia, France, Japan, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and analyze greenhouse emission impacts of EVs in each city or country. We also select six driving cycles developed around the world (i.e., the US federal urban driving cycle, the Economic Community of Europe cycle 15, the Japanese 10-mode cycle, the Los Angeles 92 cycle, the New York City cycle, and the Sydney cycle). Note that we have not analyzed EVs in high-speed driving (e.g., highway driving), where the results would be less favorable to EVs; here, EVs are regarded as urban vehicles only. We choose one specific driving cycle for a given city or country and estimate the energy consumption of four-passenger compact electric and gasoline cars in the given city or country. Finally, we estimate total fuel cycle greenhouse gas emissions of both GVs and EVs by accounting for emissions from primary energy recovery, transportation, and processing; energy product transportation; and powerplant and vehicle operations.

Wang, M.Q.; Marr, W.W.

1994-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

20

Canadas Voluntary Agreement on Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions: When the Details Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of ?uorinated greenhouse gases. greenhouse gas emissions. Washington,ective e?orts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. C.D. Howe

Lutsey, Nicholas P.; Sperling, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyzed distribution of vehicles by last trip ending time for each region Generated PHEVs load profiles PSAT were adjusted to on-road values for this analysis PHEV miles driven by grid electricity and onWell-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Amgad

22

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Vehicle Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Emissions Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions When used as a vehicle fuel, biodiesel offers some tailpipe and considerable greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions benefits over conventional

23

Meeting future exhaust emissions standards using natural gas as a vehicle fuel: Lessons learned from the natural gas vehicle challenge '92  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Vehicle Challenge '92, organized by Argonne National Laboratory and sponsored by the US Department of Energy, the Energy, Mines, and Resources - Canada, the Society of Automotive Engineers, and many others, resulted in 20 varied approaches to the conversion of a gasoline-fueled, spark-ignited, internal combustion engine to dedicated natural gas use. Starting with a GMC Sierra 2500 pickup truck, donated by General Motors, teams of college and university student engineers strived to optimize Chevrolet V-8 engines operating on natural gas for improved emissions, fuel economy, performance, and advanced design features. This paper focuses on the results of the emission event, and compares engine mechanical configurations, engine management systems, catalyst configurations and locations, and approaches to fuel control and the relationship of these parameters to engine-out and tailpipe emissions of regulated exhaust constituents. Nine of the student-modified trucks passed the current levels of exhaust emission standards, and some exceeded the strictest future emissions standards envisioned by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Factors in achieving good emissions control using natural gas are summarized, and observations concerning necessary components of a successful emissions control strategy are presented.

Rimkus, W.A.; Larsen, R.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Meeting future exhaust emissions standards using natural gas as a vehicle fuel: Lessons learned from the natural gas vehicle challenge `92  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Vehicle Challenge `92, organized by Argonne National Laboratory and sponsored by the US Department of Energy, the Energy, Mines, and Resources - Canada, the Society of Automotive Engineers, and many others, resulted in 20 varied approaches to the conversion of a gasoline-fueled, spark-ignited, internal combustion engine to dedicated natural gas use. Starting with a GMC Sierra 2500 pickup truck, donated by General Motors, teams of college and university student engineers strived to optimize Chevrolet V-8 engines operating on natural gas for improved emissions, fuel economy, performance, and advanced design features. This paper focuses on the results of the emission event, and compares engine mechanical configurations, engine management systems, catalyst configurations and locations, and approaches to fuel control and the relationship of these parameters to engine-out and tailpipe emissions of regulated exhaust constituents. Nine of the student-modified trucks passed the current levels of exhaust emission standards, and some exceeded the strictest future emissions standards envisioned by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Factors in achieving good emissions control using natural gas are summarized, and observations concerning necessary components of a successful emissions control strategy are presented.

Rimkus, W.A.; Larsen, R.P.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How would air quality and greenhouse gas emissions be affected if significant numbers of Americans drove cars that were fueled by the power grid? A recently completed assessment conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute and the Natural Resources Defense Council made a detailed study of the question looking at a variety of scenarios involving the U.S. fleet of power generation and its fleet of light-duty and medium-duty cars and trucks.The study focused on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)...

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

26

Greenhouse Emission Reductions and Natural Gas Vehicles: A Resource Guide on Technology Options and Project Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate and verifiable emission reductions are a function of the degree of transparency and stringency of the protocols employed in documenting project- or program-associated emissions reductions. The purpose of this guide is to provide a background for law and policy makers, urban planners, and project developers working with the many Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission reduction programs throughout the world to quantify and/or evaluate the GHG impacts of Natural Gas Vehicle (NGVs). In order to evaluate the GHG benefits and/or penalties of NGV projects, it is necessary to first gain a fundamental understanding of the technology employed and the operating characteristics of these vehicles, especially with regard to the manner in which they compare to similar conventional gasoline or diesel vehicles. Therefore, the first two sections of this paper explain the basic technology and functionality of NGVs, but focus on evaluating the models that are currently on the market with their similar conventional counterparts, including characteristics such as cost, performance, efficiency, environmental attributes, and range. Since the increased use of NGVs, along with Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFVs) in general, represents a public good with many social benefits at the local, national, and global levels, NGVs often receive significant attention in the form of legislative and programmatic support. Some states mandate the use of NGVs, while others provide financial incentives to promote their procurement and use. Furthermore, Federal legislation in the form of tax incentives or procurement requirements can have a significant impact on the NGV market. In order to implement effective legislation or programs, it is vital to have an understanding of the different programs and activities that already exist so that a new project focusing on GHG emission reduction can successfully interact with and build on the experience and lessons learned of those that preceded it. Finally, most programs that deal with passenger vehicles--and with transportation in general--do not address the climate change component explicitly, and thus there are few GHG reduction goals that are included in these programs. Furthermore, there are relatively few protocols that exist for accounting for the GHG emissions reductions that arise from transportation and, specifically, passenger vehicle projects and programs. These accounting procedures and principles gain increased importance when a project developer wishes to document in a credible manner, the GHG reductions that are achieved by a given project or program. Section four of this paper outlined the GHG emissions associated with NGVs, both upstream and downstream, and section five illustrated the methodology, via hypothetical case studies, for measuring these reductions using different types of baselines. Unlike stationary energy combustion, GHG emissions from transportation activities, including NGV projects, come from dispersed sources creating a need for different methodologies for assessing GHG impacts. This resource guide has outlined the necessary context and background for those parties wishing to evaluate projects and develop programs, policies, projects, and legislation aimed at the promotion of NGVs for GHG emission reduction.

Orestes Anastasia; NAncy Checklick; Vivianne Couts; Julie Doherty; Jette Findsen; Laura Gehlin; Josh Radoff

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles (Update) (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The State of California was given authority under CAAA90 to set emissions standards for light-duty vehicles that exceed Federal standards. In addition, other States that do not comply with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) set by the EPA under CAAA90 were given the option to adopt Californias light-duty vehicle emissions standards in order to achieve air quality compliance. CAAA90 specifically identifies hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, and NOx as vehicle-related air pollutants that can be regulated. California has led the Nation in developing stricter vehicle emissions standards, and other States have adopted the California standards.

Information Center

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Additional Development of a Dedicated Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the last in a series of three projects designed to develop a commercially competitive LPG light-duty passenger car that meets California ULEV standards and corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency guidelines for such a vehicle. In this project, IMPCO upgraded the vehicle's LPG vapor fuel injection system and performed emissions testing. The vehicle met the 1998 ULEV standards successfully, demonstrating the feasibility of meeting ULEV standards with a dedicated LPG vehicle.

IMPCO Technologies

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

29

Additional Development of a Dedicated Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV)  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the last in a series of three projects designed to develop a commercially competitive LPG light-duty passenger car that meets California ULEV standards and corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency guidelines for such a vehicle. In this project, IMPCO upgraded the vehicle's LPG vapor fuel injection system and performed emissions testing. The vehicle met the 1998 ULEV standards successfully, demonstrating the feasibility of meeting ULEV standards with a dedicated LPG vehicle.

IMPCO Technologies

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

30

Energy Basics: Natural Gas Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

31

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RFG Running Hot Soak Diurnal CNG :Diesel Fuels Emissions RFGwith compressednatural gas (CNG),the hydrocarbontaitpipemethanol, natural gas (CNG),and hydrogen. As noted above,

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Vehicle Emission Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Emission Basics Vehicle Emission Basics Vehicle Emission Basics November 22, 2013 - 2:07pm Addthis Vehicle emissions are the gases emitted by the tailpipes of vehicles powered by internal combustion engines, which include gasoline, diesel, natural gas, and propane vehicles. Vehicle emissions are composed of varying amounts of: water vapor carbon dioxide (CO2) nitrogen oxygen pollutants such as: carbon monoxide (CO) nitrogen oxides (NOx) unburned hydrocarbons (UHCs) volatile organic compounds (VOCs) particulate matter (PM) A number of factors determine the composition of emissions, including the vehicle's fuel, the engine's technology, the vehicle's exhaust aftertreatment system, and how the vehicle operates. Emissions are also produced by fuel evaporation during fueling or even when vehicles are

33

Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Amgad Elgowainy and Michael Wang Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory LDV Workshop July26, 2010 2 2 2 Team Members 2  ANL's Energy Systems (ES) Division  Michael Wang (team leader)  Dan Santini  Anant Vyas  Amgad Elgowainy  Jeongwoo Han  Aymeric Rousseau  ANL's Decision and Information Sciences (DIS) Division:  Guenter Conzelmann  Leslie Poch  Vladimir Koritarov  Matt Mahalik  Thomas Veselka  Audun Botterud  Jianhui Wang  Jason Wang 3 3 3 Scope of Argonne's PHEV WTW Analysis: Vehicle Powertrain Systems and Fuel Pathways 3  Vehicle powertrain systems:  Conventional international combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs)

34

Battery-Powered Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Resource for Project Development  

SciTech Connect

The transportation sector accounts for a large and growing share of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Worldwide, motor vehicles emit well over 900 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year, accounting for more than 15 percent of global fossil fuel-derived CO2 emissions.1 In the industrialized world alone, 20-25 percent of GHG emissions come from the transportation sector. The share of transport-related emissions is growing rapidly due to the continued increase in transportation activity.2 In 1950, there were only 70 million cars, trucks, and buses on the worlds roads. By 1994, there were about nine times that number, or 630 million vehicles. Since the early 1970s, the global fleet has been growing at a rate of 16 million vehicles per year. This expansion has been accompanied by a similar growth in fuel consumption.3 If this kind of linear growth continues, by the year 2025 there will be well over one billion vehicles on the worlds roads.4 In a response to the significant growth in transportation-related GHG emissions, governments and policy makers worldwide are considering methods to reverse this trend. However, due to the particular make-up of the transportation sector, regulating and reducing emissions from this sector poses a significant challenge. Unlike stationary fuel combustion, transportation-related emissions come from dispersed sources. Only a few point-source emitters, such as oil/natural gas wells, refineries, or compressor stations, contribute to emissions from the transportation sector. The majority of transport-related emissions come from the millions of vehicles traveling the worlds roads. As a result, successful GHG mitigation policies must find ways to target all of these small, non-point source emitters, either through regulatory means or through various incentive programs. To increase their effectiveness, policies to control emissions from the transportation sector often utilize indirect means to reduce emissions, such as requiring specific technology improvements or an increase in fuel efficiency. Site-specific project activities can also be undertaken to help decrease GHG emissions, although the use of such measures is less common. Sample activities include switching to less GHG-intensive vehicle options, such as electric vehicles (EVs) or hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). As emissions from transportation activities continue to rise, it will be necessary to promote both types of abatement activities in order to reverse the current emissions path. This Resource Guide focuses on site- and project-specific transportation activities. .

National Energy Technology Laboratory

2002-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

35

Natural Gas Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Vehicle Basics Natural Gas Vehicle Basics Natural Gas Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:15am Addthis Photo of a large truck stopped at a gas station that reads 'Natural Gas for Vehicles.' Natural gas vehicles (NGVs) are either fueled exclusively with compressed natural gas or liquefied natural gas (dedicated NGVs) or are capable of natural gas and gasoline fueling (bi-fuel NGVs). Dedicated NGVs are designed to run only on natural gas. Bi-fuel NGVs have two separate fueling systems that enable the vehicle to use either natural gas or a conventional fuel (gasoline or diesel). In general, dedicated natural gas vehicles demonstrate better performance and have lower emissions than bi-fuel vehicles because their engines are optimized to run on natural gas. In addition, the vehicle does not have to

36

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Natural Gas Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Vehicles

37

Natural Gas Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Natural gas vehicles (NGVs) are either fueled exclusively with compressed natural gas or liquefied natural gas (dedicated NGVs) or are capable of natural gas and gasoline fueling (bi-fuel NGVs).

38

California's Zero Emission Vehicle Mandate - Linking Clean Fuel Cars, Carsharing, and Station Car Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PZEVs) such as compressed natural gas, gas-electric hybrid,e.g. , electric, compressed natural gas, and hybride.g. , compressed vehicles) emission vehicles natural gas

Shaheen, Susan; Wright, John; Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Impact of Canadas Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Canada. ANL/ESD/02-5, Argonne National Laboratory, U.S.Department of Energy. Argonne, Illinois. Schwarz, W. and J.and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Argonne National Laboratory,

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Impact of Canada's Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Canada. ANL/ESD/02-5, Argonne National Laboratory, U.S.Department of Energy. Argonne, Illinois. Schwarz, W. and J.and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Argonne National Laboratory,

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Assessing the fuel Use and greenhouse gas emissions of future light-duty vehicles in Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is of great concern in Japan, as well as elsewhere, such as in the U.S. and EU. More than 20% of GHG emissions in Japan come from the transportation sector, and a more than 70% ...

Nishimura, Eriko

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Well-to-wheel energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of advanced fuel/vehicle systems North American analysis.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There are differing, yet strongly held views among the various ''stakeholders'' in the advanced fuel/propulsion system debate. In order for the introduction of advanced technology vehicles and their associated fuels to be successful, it seems clear that four important stakeholders must view their introduction as a ''win'': Society, Automobile manufacturers and their key suppliers, Fuel providers and their key suppliers, and Auto and energy company customers. If all four of these stakeholders, from their own perspectives, are not positive regarding the need for and value of these advanced fuels/vehicles, the vehicle introductions will fail. This study was conducted to help inform public and private decision makers regarding the impact of the introduction of such advanced fuel/propulsion system pathways from a societal point of view. The study estimates two key performance criteria of advanced fuel/propulsion systems on a total system basis, that is, ''well'' (production source of energy) to ''wheel'' (vehicle). These criteria are energy use and greenhouse gas emissions per unit of distance traveled. The study focuses on the U.S. light-duty vehicle market in 2005 and beyond, when it is expected that advanced fuels and propulsion systems could begin to be incorporated in a significant percentage of new vehicles. Given the current consumer demand for light trucks, the benchmark vehicle considered in this study is the Chevrolet Silverado full-size pickup.

Wang, M.

2001-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

43

Impact of Canada's Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

April 5. Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association (CVMA),equivalent Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Associationof the Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association, Joe

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Impact of Canadas Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

April 5. Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association (CVMA),equivalent Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Associationof the Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association, Joe

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table ES-3: Summaryof Hybrid Vehicle Fuel Economy Results onmal ICE and Series Hybrid Vehicles (t) Vehicle Test Weight (I) Conventional and Series Hybrid Vehicles had same weight,

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Putting policy in drive : coordinating measures to reduce fuel use and greenhouse gas emissions from U.S. light-duty vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The challenges of energy security and climate change have prompted efforts to reduce fuel use and greenhouse gas emissions in light-duty vehicles within the United States. Failures in the market for lower rates of fuel ...

Evans, Christopher W. (Christopher William)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Canadas Voluntary Agreement on Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions: When the Details Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

17.10.2005). Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association,of the Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association, JoeTherefore, the Canadian vehicle manufacturers are committed

Lutsey, Nicholas P.; Sperling, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Well-to-wheels analysis of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed for mass production by the automotive industry. PHEVs have been touted for their potential to reduce the US transportation sector's dependence on petroleum and cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by (1) using off-peak excess electric generation capacity and (2) increasing vehicles energy efficiency. A well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis - which examines energy use and emissions from primary energy source through vehicle operation - can help researchers better understand the impact of the upstream mix of electricity generation technologies for PHEV recharging, as well as the powertrain technology and fuel sources for PHEVs. For the WTW analysis, Argonne National Laboratory researchers used the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model developed by Argonne to compare the WTW energy use and GHG emissions associated with various transportation technologies to those associated with PHEVs. Argonne researchers estimated the fuel economy and electricity use of PHEVs and alternative fuel/vehicle systems by using the Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) model. They examined two PHEV designs: the power-split configuration and the series configuration. The first is a parallel hybrid configuration in which the engine and the electric motor are connected to a single mechanical transmission that incorporates a power-split device that allows for parallel power paths - mechanical and electrical - from the engine to the wheels, allowing the engine and the electric motor to share the power during acceleration. In the second configuration, the engine powers a generator, which charges a battery that is used by the electric motor to propel the vehicle; thus, the engine never directly powers the vehicle's transmission. The power-split configuration was adopted for PHEVs with a 10- and 20-mile electric range because they require frequent use of the engine for acceleration and to provide energy when the battery is depleted, while the series configuration was adopted for PHEVs with a 30- and 40-mile electric range because they rely mostly on electrical power for propulsion. Argonne researchers calculated the equivalent on-road (real-world) fuel economy on the basis of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency miles per gallon (mpg)-based formulas. The reduction in fuel economy attributable to the on-road adjustment formula was capped at 30% for advanced vehicle systems (e.g., PHEVs, fuel cell vehicles [FCVs], hybrid electric vehicles [HEVs], and battery-powered electric vehicles [BEVs]). Simulations for calendar year 2020 with model year 2015 mid-size vehicles were chosen for this analysis to address the implications of PHEVs within a reasonable timeframe after their likely introduction over the next few years. For the WTW analysis, Argonne assumed a PHEV market penetration of 10% by 2020 in order to examine the impact of significant PHEV loading on the utility power sector. Technological improvement with medium uncertainty for each vehicle was also assumed for the analysis. Argonne employed detailed dispatch models to simulate the electric power systems in four major regions of the US: the New England Independent System Operator, the New York Independent System Operator, the State of Illinois, and the Western Electric Coordinating Council. Argonne also evaluated the US average generation mix and renewable generation of electricity for PHEV and BEV recharging scenarios to show the effects of these generation mixes on PHEV WTW results. Argonne's GREET model was designed to examine the WTW energy use and GHG emissions for PHEVs and BEVs, as well as FCVs, regular HEVs, and conventional gasoline internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs). WTW results are reported for charge-depleting (CD) operation of PHEVs under different recharging scenarios. The combined WTW results of CD and charge-sustaining (CS) PHEV operations (using the utility factor method) were also examined and reported. According to the utility factor method, the share of veh

Elgowainy, A.; Han, J.; Poch, L.; Wang, M.; Vyas, A.; Mahalik, M.; Rousseau, A.

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

49

Emission control cost-effectiveness of alternative-fuel vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Although various legislation and regulations have been adopted to promote the use of alternative-fuel vehicles for curbing urban air pollution problems, there is a lack of systematic comparisons of emission control cost-effectiveness among various alternative-fuel vehicle types. In this paper, life-cycle emission reductions and life-cycle costs were estimated for passenger cars fueled with methanol, ethanol, liquefied petroleum gas, compressed natural gas, and electricity. Vehicle emission estimates included both exhaust and evaporative emissions for air pollutants of hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and air-toxic pollutants of benzene, formaldehyde, 1,3-butadiene, and acetaldehyde. Vehicle life-cycle cost estimates accounted for vehicle purchase prices, vehicle life, fuel costs, and vehicle maintenance costs. Emission control cost-effectiveness presented in dollars per ton of emission reduction was calculated for each alternative-fuel vehicle types from the estimated vehicle life-cycle emission reductions and costs. Among various alternative-fuel vehicle types, compressed natural gas vehicles are the most cost-effective vehicle type in controlling vehicle emissions. Dedicated methanol vehicles are the next most cost-effective vehicle type. The cost-effectiveness of electric vehicles depends on improvements in electric vehicle battery technology. With low-cost, high-performance batteries, electric vehicles are more cost-effective than methanol, ethanol, and liquified petroleum gas vehicles.

Wang, Q. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Sperling, D.; Olmstead, J. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States). Inst. of Transportation Studies

1993-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

50

Environmental concerns related to natural gas vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vehicles powered by natural gas are currently used in the United States and other parts of the world. While the number of such vehicles in the US is small, the potential exists for substantial growth. For that reason and because natural gas-fueled vehicles have different performance, emission, and safety characteristics than do gasoline- or diesel-fueled vehicles, a study was conducted to document the environmental concerns related to natural gas vhicles. These concerns include those related to vehicle emissions and air quality regulations, safety hazards and regulations, natural gas supply, regulation of natural gas sales, and institutional impacts. This paper reports the results of that study, updated to include the results of several more recent analyses. The paper concludes in particular that while both the safety and emissions records of these vehicles appear satisfactory to date, a comprehensive data base exists in neither area.

Singh, M.K.; Moses, D.O.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This report examines energy use and emissions from primary energy source through vehicle operation to help researchers understand the impact of the upstream mix of electricity generation technologies

52

Fuel Property, Emission Test, and Operability Results from a Fleet of Class 6 Vehicles Operating on Gas-to-Liquid Fuel and Catalyzed Diesel Particle Filters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A fleet of six 2001 International Class 6 trucks operating in southern California was selected for an operability and emissions study using gas-to-liquid (GTL) fuel and catalyzed diesel particle filters (CDPF). Three vehicles were fueled with CARB specification diesel fuel and no emission control devices (current technology), and three vehicles were fueled with GTL fuel and retrofit with Johnson Matthey's CCRT diesel particulate filter. No engine modifications were made.

Alleman, T. L.; Eudy, L.; Miyasato, M.; Oshinuga, A.; Allison, S.; Corcoran, T.; Chatterjee, S.; Jacobs, T.; Cherrillo, R. A.; Clark, R.; Virrels, I.; Nine, R.; Wayne, S.; Lansing, R.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR HYBRID-ELECTRIC VEHICLES 4.1Engines13. Burke, A.F. , Hybrid/Electric Vehicle Design Options andOperation for Hybrid/Electric Vehicles, SAE Paper 930042,

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR HYBRID-ELECTRIC VEHICLES 4.1EnginesG.H. , SIMPLEV: Simple Electric Vehicle Simulation Program-G.H, SIMPLEV: Simple Electric Vehicle Simulation Program-

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vehicles using the Stirling engine are very. low (less thanexcept possibly with the Stirling engine. Theprospects ofHybrid Vehicles using Stirling Engines with DifferentAll-

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Fuel Economy Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on AddThis.com...

57

Well-to-wheels energy use and greenhouse gas emissions analysis of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory expanded the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model and incorporated the fuel economy and electricity use of alternative fuel/vehicle systems simulated by the Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) to conduct a well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis of energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The WTW results were separately calculated for the blended charge-depleting (CD) and charge-sustaining (CS) modes of PHEV operation and then combined by using a weighting factor that represented the CD vehicle-miles-traveled (VMT) share. As indicated by PSAT simulations of the CD operation, grid electricity accounted for a share of the vehicle's total energy use, ranging from 6% for a PHEV 10 to 24% for a PHEV 40, based on CD VMT shares of 23% and 63%, respectively. In addition to the PHEV's fuel economy and type of on-board fuel, the marginal electricity generation mix used to charge the vehicle impacted the WTW results, especially GHG emissions. Three North American Electric Reliability Corporation regions (4, 6, and 13) were selected for this analysis, because they encompassed large metropolitan areas (Illinois, New York, and California, respectively) and provided a significant variation of marginal generation mixes. The WTW results were also reported for the U.S. generation mix and renewable electricity to examine cases of average and clean mixes, respectively. For an all-electric range (AER) between 10 mi and 40 mi, PHEVs that employed petroleum fuels (gasoline and diesel), a blend of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline (E85), and hydrogen were shown to offer a 40-60%, 70-90%, and more than 90% reduction in petroleum energy use and a 30-60%, 40-80%, and 10-100% reduction in GHG emissions, respectively, relative to an internal combustion engine vehicle that used gasoline. The spread of WTW GHG emissions among the different fuel production technologies and grid generation mixes was wider than the spread of petroleum energy use, mainly due to the diverse fuel production technologies and feedstock sources for the fuels considered in this analysis. The PHEVs offered reductions in petroleum energy use as compared with regular hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). More petroleum energy savings were realized as the AER increased, except when the marginal grid mix was dominated by oil-fired power generation. Similarly, more GHG emissions reductions were realized at higher AERs, except when the marginal grid generation mix was dominated by oil or coal. Electricity from renewable sources realized the largest reductions in petroleum energy use and GHG emissions for all PHEVs as the AER increased. The PHEVs that employ biomass-based fuels (e.g., biomass-E85 and -hydrogen) may not realize GHG emissions benefits over regular HEVs if the marginal generation mix is dominated by fossil sources. Uncertainties are associated with the adopted PHEV fuel consumption and marginal generation mix simulation results, which impact the WTW results and require further research. More disaggregate marginal generation data within control areas (where the actual dispatching occurs) and an improved dispatch modeling are needed to accurately assess the impact of PHEV electrification. The market penetration of the PHEVs, their total electric load, and their role as complements rather than replacements of regular HEVs are also uncertain. The effects of the number of daily charges, the time of charging, and the charging capacity have not been evaluated in this study. A more robust analysis of the VMT share of the CD operation is also needed.

Elgowainy, A.; Burnham, A.; Wang, M.; Molburg, J.; Rousseau, A.; Energy Systems

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

58

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hybrid vehicle technologyunless there are special incentives through newemissionsor fuel economy regulations or tax

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrogenfrom natural gas and the distribution and storage ofProduction and Storage Fuel Cycle" Natural gas/CompressedHz

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

391 KB) Lung Toxicity and Mutagenicity of Emissions from Heavy-Duty Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)-Powered Vehicles Joe Mauderly Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute (PDF 325...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Optimal design and allocation of electrified vehicles and dedicated charging infrastructure for minimum life cycle greenhouse gas emissions and cost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for minimum life cycle greenhouse gas emissions and cost Elizabeth Traut a,n , Chris Hendrickson b,1 , Erica reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by shifting energy demand from gasoline to electricity. GHG benefits. HEVs are optimal or near-optimal for minimum cost in most scenarios. High gas prices and low

Michalek, Jeremy J.

62

Feebates and Fuel Economy Standards: Impacts on Fuel Use in Light-Duty Vehicles and Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates the potential impacts of a national feebate system, a market-based policy that consists of graduated fees on low-fuel-economy (or high-emitting) vehicles and rebates for high-fuel-economy (or lowemitting) vehicles. In their simplest form, feebate systems operate under three conditions: a benchmark divides all vehicles into two categories-those charged fees and those eligible for rebates; the sizes of the fees and rebates are a function of a vehicle's deviation from its benchmark; and placement of the benchmark ensures revenue neutrality or a desired level of subsidy or revenue. A model developed by the University of California for the California Air Resources Board was revised and used to estimate the effects of six feebate structures on fuel economy and sales of new light-duty vehicles, given existing and anticipated future fuel economy and emission standards. These estimates for new vehicles were then entered into a vehicle stock model that simulated the evolution of the entire vehicle stock. The results indicate that feebates could produce large, additional reductions in emissions and fuel consumption, in large part by encouraging market acceptance of technologies with advanced fuel economy, such as hybrid electric vehicles.

Greene, David L [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fuel distribution, powerplantand refinery emissions -- areemissions fromoil refineries and electrical powerplants. Inproduction of the fuel at the refinery, the distribution of

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 gm/mifor the mid-size electric car. All the emissions areemissions for the mid-size electric cars vary from about Isize. In the case of electric cars, the efficiency standard

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Vehicle Ethanol Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Ethanol Vehicle Emissions When blended with gasoline for use as a vehicle fuel, ethanol can offer some emissions benefits over gasoline, depending on vehicle type, engine

66

Just the Basics: Vehicle Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Are Exhaust Are Exhaust Emissions? In most heavily settled areas of the U.S., the personal automobile is the single greatest producer of harmful vehicle exhaust emissions. Exhaust emissions are generated by the fuel-air mixture burning in internal combus- tion engines, both gasoline-powered and diesel-powered. Emissions are also produced by fuel evaporation within the vehicle when it is stopped, and again during fueling. The constituents of car (gasoline and diesel) and truck (diesel) emissions vary depending on fuel type and indi- vidual vehicle operating characteris- tics. The bulk of vehicular emissions are composed of water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and oxygen (in unconsumed air). There are other pollutants, such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, unburned fuel, and

67

Emissions from ethanol and LPG fueled vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper addresses the environmental concerns of using neat ethanol and liquified petroleum gas (LPG) as transportation fuels in the US Low-level blends of ethanol (10%) with gasoline have been used as fuels in the US for more than a decade, but neat ethanol (85% or more) has only been used extensively in Brazil. LPG, which consists mostly of propane, is already used extensively as a vehicle fuel in the US, but its use has been limited primarily to converted fleet vehicles. Increasing US interest in alternative fuels has raised the possibility of introducing neat ethanol vehicles into the market and expanding the number of LPG vehicles. Use of such vehicles and increased production and consumption of fuel ethanol and LPG will undoubtedly have environmental impacts. If the impacts are determined to be severe, they could act as barriers to the introduction of neat ethanol and LPG vehicles. Environmental concerns include exhaust and evaporative emissions and their impact on ozone formation and global warming, toxic emissions from fuel combustion and evaporation, and agricultural emissions from production of ethanol. The paper is not intended to be judgmental regarding the overall attractiveness of ethanol or LPG compared to other transportation fuels. The environmental concerns are reviewed and summarized, but the only conclusion reached is that there is no single concern that is likely to prevent the introduction of neat ethanol fueled vehicles or the increase in LPG fueled vehicles.

Pitstick, M.E.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

Emissions from ethanol and LPG fueled vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper addresses the environmental concerns of using neat ethanol and liquified petroleum gas (LPG) as transportation fuels in the US Low-level blends of ethanol (10%) with gasoline have been used as fuels in the US for more than a decade, but neat ethanol (85% or more) has only been used extensively in Brazil. LPG, which consists mostly of propane, is already used extensively as a vehicle fuel in the US, but its use has been limited primarily to converted fleet vehicles. Increasing US interest in alternative fuels has raised the possibility of introducing neat ethanol vehicles into the market and expanding the number of LPG vehicles. Use of such vehicles and increased production and consumption of fuel ethanol and LPG will undoubtedly have environmental impacts. If the impacts are determined to be severe, they could act as barriers to the introduction of neat ethanol and LPG vehicles. Environmental concerns include exhaust and evaporative emissions and their impact on ozone formation and global warming, toxic emissions from fuel combustion and evaporation, and agricultural emissions from production of ethanol. The paper is not intended to be judgmental regarding the overall attractiveness of ethanol or LPG compared to other transportation fuels. The environmental concerns are reviewed and summarized, but the only conclusion reached is that there is no single concern that is likely to prevent the introduction of neat ethanol fueled vehicles or the increase in LPG fueled vehicles.

Pitstick, M.E.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Availability to someone by E-mail Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Availability on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Vehicle Availability There are limited light- and heavy-duty natural gas vehicles (NGVs)

70

Particulate Measurements and Emissions Characterization of Alternative Fuel Vehicle Exhaust  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to measure and characterize particulate emissions from light-duty alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) and equivalent gasoline-fueled vehicles. The project included emission testing of a fleet of 129 gasoline-fueled vehicles and 19 diesel vehicles. Particulate measurements were obtained over Federal Test Procedure and US06 cycles. Chemical characterization of the exhaust particulate was also performed. Overall, the particulate emissions from modern technology compressed natural gas and methanol vehicles were low, but were still comparable to those of similar technology gasoline vehicles.

Durbin, T. D.; Truex, T. J.; Norbeck, J. M. (Center for Environmental Research and Technology College of Engineering, University of California - Riverside, California)

1998-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

71

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicles » Propane Vehicles » Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Propane Vehicle Emissions

72

Comments on the Joint Proposed Rulemaking to Establish Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards  

SciTech Connect

I appreciate the opportunity to provide comments on the joint rulemaking to establish greenhouse gas emission and fuel economy standards for light-duty vehicles. My comments are directed at the choice of vehicle footprint as the attribute by which to vary fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards, in the interest of protecting vehicle occupants from death or serious injury. I have made several of these points before when commenting on previous NHTSA rulemakings regarding CAFE standards and safety. The comments today are mine alone, and do not necessarily represent the views of the US Department of Energy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, or the University of California. My comments can be summarized as follows: (1) My updated analysis of casualty risk finds that, after accounting for drivers and crash location, there is a wide range in casualty risk for vehicles with the same weight or footprint. This suggests that reducing vehicle weight or footprint will not necessarily result in increased fatalities or serious injuries. (2) Indeed, the recent safety record of crossover SUVs indicates that weight reduction in this class of vehicles resulted in a reduction in fatality risks. (3) Computer crash simulations can pinpoint the effect of specific design changes on vehicle safety; these analyses are preferable to regression analyses, which rely on historical vehicle designs, and cannot fully isolate the effect of specific design changes, such as weight reduction, on crash outcomes. (4) There is evidence that automakers planned to build more large light trucks in response to the footprint-based light truck CAFE standards. Such an increase in the number of large light trucks on the road may decrease, rather than increase, overall safety.

Wenzel, Thomas P

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

73

Vehicle Technologies Office: Natural Gas Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Natural Gas Research to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Natural Gas Research on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Natural Gas Research on...

74

Hydrogen-Enhanced Natural Gas Vehicle Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The project objective is to demonstrate the viability of HCNG fuel (30 to 50% hydrogen by volume and the remainder natural gas) to reduce emissions from light-duty on-road vehicles with no loss in performance or efficiency. The City of Las Vegas has an interest in alternative fuels and already has an existing hydrogen refueling station. Collier Technologies Inc (CT) supplied the latest design retrofit kits capable of converting nine compressed natural gas (CNG) fueled, light-duty vehicles powered by the Ford 5.4L Triton engine. CT installed the kits on the first two vehicles in Las Vegas, trained personnel at the City of Las Vegas (the City) to perform the additional seven retrofits, and developed materials for allowing other entities to perform these retrofits as well. These vehicles were used in normal service by the City while driver impressions, reliability, fuel efficiency and emissions were documented for a minimum of one year after conversion. This project has shown the efficacy of operating vehicles originally designed to operate on compressed natural gas with HCNG fuel incorporating large quantities of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). There were no safety issues experienced with these vehicles. The only maintenance issue in the project was some rough idling due to problems with the EGR valve and piping parts. Once the rough idling was corrected no further maintenance issues with these vehicles were experienced. Fuel economy data showed no significant changes after conversion even with the added power provided by the superchargers that were part of the conversions. Driver feedback for the conversions was very favorable. The additional power provided by the HCNG vehicles was greatly appreciated, especially in traffic. The drivability of the HCNG vehicles was considered to be superior by the drivers. Most of the converted vehicles showed zero oxides of nitrogen throughout the life of the project using the State of Nevada emissions station.

Hyde, Dan; Collier, Kirk

2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

75

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Conversions to someone by E-mail Conversions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Natural Gas Vehicle Conversions Related Information Conversion Basics

76

Harmful Exhaust Emissions Monitoring of Road Vehicle Engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Road vehicle improve the quality of people's life, however harmful vehicle exhaust emissions, such as carbon monoxide (CO), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), hydrocarbon (HC), and sulphur dioxide (SO2), have become more and more unacceptable ... Keywords: optic absorption spectroscopy based gas sensor, harmful exhaust emission monitoring, engine vibration

Chuliang Wei; Zhemin Zhuang; H. Ewald; A. I. Al-Shamma'a

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Information about the Greenhouse Gas Emission Calculations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sources and Assumptions for the Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Sources and Assumptions for the Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Calculator To estimate your CO2 emissions rates and generate the bar graph, we used the following sources and assumptions. Your CO2 Emissions Rates Tailpipe (grams CO2/mile) This is the tailpipe CO2 emissions rate for combined city and highway driving that is shown on the fuel economy and environment label for the vehicle model you selected. It is the same regardless of where you live. Total (grams CO2/mile) This includes the vehicle's tailpipe emissions and emissions associated with the production of electricity used to charge the vehicle. For plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, it also includes emissions associated with the production of gasoline. It is estimated using the sources and assumptions below, and will vary based on where you live.

78

Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 11:46am Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 As Federal agencies work to identify opportunities for right-sizing the fleet and replacing inefficient vehicles with new, efficient, and/or alternatively fueled models to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, they should flag potential mission constraints associated with vehicle usage. This may involve further data collection to understand the mission considerations associated with individual vehicles. For instance, in Figure 1, Vehicle 004 appears to be underutilized, having both a low user-to-vehicle ratio and a relatively low time in use per day. However,

79

Hardware assembly and prototype testing for the development of a dedicated liquefied propane gas ultra low emission vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

On February 3, 1994, IMPCO Technologies, Inc. started the development of a dedicated LPG Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV) under contract to the Midwest Research Institute National Renewable Energy Laboratory Division (NREL). The objective was to develop a dedicated propane vehicle that would meet or exceed the California ULEV emissions standards. The project is broken into four phases to be performed over a two year period. The four phases of the project include: (Phase 1) system design, (Phase 2) prototype hardware assembly and testing, (Phase 3) full-scale systems testing and integration, (Phase 4) vehicle demonstration. This report describes the approach taken for the development of the vehicle and the work performed through the completion of Phase II dynamometer test results. Work was started on Phase 2 (Hardware Assembly and Prototype Testing) in May 1994 prior to completion of Phase 1 to ensure that long lead items would be available in a timely fashion for the Phase 2 work. In addition, the construction and testing of the interim electronic control module (ECM), which was used to test components, was begun prior to the formal start of Phase 2. This was done so that the shortened revised schedule for the project (24 months) could be met. In this report, a brief summary of the activities of each combined Phase 1 and 2 tasks will be presented, as well as project management activities. A technical review of the system is also given, along with test results and analysis. During the course of Phase 2 activities, IMPCO staff also had the opportunity to conduct cold start performance tests of the injectors. The additional test data was most positive and will be briefly summarized in this report.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance and Safety  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Maintenance and Safety to someone by E-mail Maintenance and Safety to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance and Safety on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance and Safety on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance and Safety on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance and Safety on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance and Safety on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance and Safety on AddThis.com... More in this section... Natural Gas Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Maintenance & Safety

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Different Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Different Fuels Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Different Fuels This calculator currently focuses on electricity for a number of reasons. The public's interest in vehicles fueled by electricity is high, and as a result consumers are interested in better understanding the emissions created when electricity is produced. For vehicles that are fueled solely by electricity, tailpipe emissions are zero, so electricity production accounts for all GHG emissions associated with such vehicles. Finally, GHG emissions from electricity production vary significantly by region, which makes a calculator like this one-which uses regional data instead of national averages-particularly useful. If you want to compare total tailpipe plus fuel production GHG emissions for an electric or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle to those for a gasoline

82

Electric Vehicles, Hybrid Vehicles, and the California Zero Emission...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicles, Hybrid Vehicles, and the California Zero Emission Mandate Speaker(s): Ron Chestnut Date: October 26, 2000 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 The California Air...

83

The 1991 natural gas vehicle challenge: Developing dedicated natural gas vehicle technology  

SciTech Connect

An engineering research and design competition to develop and demonstrate dedicated natural gas-powered light-duty trucks, the Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Challenge, was held June 6--11, 1191, in Oklahoma. Sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy, Mines, and Resources -- Canada (EMR), the Society of Automative Engineers (SAE), and General Motors Corporation (GM), the competition consisted of rigorous vehicle testing of exhaust emissions, fuel economy, performance parameters, and vehicle design. Using Sierra 2500 pickup trucks donated by GM, 24 teams of college and university engineers from the US and Canada participated in the event. A gasoline-powered control testing as a reference vehicle. This paper discusses the results of the event, summarizes the technologies employed, and makes observations on the state of natural gas vehicle technology.

Larsen, R.; Rimkus, W. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Davies, J. [General Motors of Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (Canada); Zammit, M. [AC Rochester, NY (United States); Patterson, P. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

The 1991 natural gas vehicle challenge: Developing dedicated natural gas vehicle technology  

SciTech Connect

An engineering research and design competition to develop and demonstrate dedicated natural gas-powered light-duty trucks, the Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Challenge, was held June 6--11, 1191, in Oklahoma. Sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy, Mines, and Resources -- Canada (EMR), the Society of Automative Engineers (SAE), and General Motors Corporation (GM), the competition consisted of rigorous vehicle testing of exhaust emissions, fuel economy, performance parameters, and vehicle design. Using Sierra 2500 pickup trucks donated by GM, 24 teams of college and university engineers from the US and Canada participated in the event. A gasoline-powered control testing as a reference vehicle. This paper discusses the results of the event, summarizes the technologies employed, and makes observations on the state of natural gas vehicle technology.

Larsen, R.; Rimkus, W. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Davies, J. (General Motors of Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (Canada)); Zammit, M. (AC Rochester, NY (United States)); Patterson, P. (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Alternative Fuel Vehicles: The Case of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles in California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VEHICLES: THE CASE OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) VEHICLESyou first learn about compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles?VEHICLES: THE CASE OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) VEHICLES

Abbanat, Brian A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Emission Control Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of Compressed Natural Gas as a VehicleFuel-Volumepetroleumgas, compressed natural gas, and electricity.fuel vehicle types, compressed natural gas vehicles are the

Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel; Olmstead, Janis

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

California's Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E V s ) such as compressed natural gas, gas-electric hybrid,e.g. , electric, compressed natural gas, and hybridP Z E V (e.g. , compressed natural gas vehicles and hybrids)

Shaheen, Susan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

NREL: Vehicle Ancillary Loads Reduction - Air Conditioning and Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conditioning and Emissions Conditioning and Emissions Air conditioning and indirect emissions go together in the sense that when a vehicle's air conditioning system is in use, fuel economy declines. When more petroleum fuel is burned, more pollution and greenhouse gases are emitted. An additional, "direct" source of greenhouse gas emissions is the refrigerant used in air conditioning. Called HFC-134a, this pressurized gas tends to seep through tiny openings and escapes into the atmosphere. It can also escape during routine service procedures such as system recharging. NREL's Vehicle Ancillary Loads Reduction team applied its vehicle systems modeling expertise in a study to predict fuel consumption and indirect emissions resulting from the use of vehicle air conditioning. The analysis

89

Greenhouse Gas Emission Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... climate change as a serious problem and that greenhouse gas (GHG ... models to determine the baselines of GHG emissions and the effect of GHG ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

90

Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Others wanting to learn more about greenhouse gas emissions and their reduction. About the ... based on ensuring the sustainability of finite natural resources.

91

Emission Impacts of Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

greenhouse effect, and electric vehicles," Proceedingso/9thInternational Electric Vehicles Symposium, 1988. 14. R. M.of 9th International Electric Vehicles Sympo- sium, 1988.

Wang, Quanlu; DeLuchi, Mark A.; Sperling, Daniel

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

The Crafting of the National Low-Emission Vehicle Program: a Private Contract Theory of Public Rulemaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and industry associations repre- senting service stations, vehicle dealerships, gas companies, emission control equip- ment manufacturers, electric

Fern, Danielle F.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Study Pinpoints Sources of Polluting Vehicle Emissions (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Unburned lubricant produces 60%-90% of organic carbon emissions. While diesel fuel is often viewed as the most polluting of conventional petroleum-based fuels, emissions from gasoline engines can more significantly degrade air quality. Gasoline exhaust is at least as toxic on a per-unit-mass basis as diesel exhaust, and contributes up to 10 times more particulate matter (PM) to the emission inventory. Because emissions from both fuels can gravely impact health and the environment, researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) launched a study to understand how these pollutants relate to fuels, lubricants, and engine operating conditions. NREL's Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) project tested a variety of vehicles over different drive cycles at moderate (72 F) and cold (20 F) temperatures. Testing included: (1) Normal and high-emitting light-, medium-, and heavy-duty vehicles; (2) Gasoline, diesel, and compressed natural gas (CNG)-powered vehicles; (3) New and aged lubricants representative of those currently on the market; and (4) Gasoline containing no ethanol, E10, Texas-mandated low-emission diesel fuel, biodiesel, and CNG. The study confirmed that normally functioning emission control systems for gasoline light-duty vehicles are very effective at controlling organic carbon (OC) emissions. Diesel vehicles without aftertreatment emission control systems exhibited OC emissions approximately one order of magnitude higher than gasoline vehicles. High-emitter gasoline vehicles produced OC emissions similar to diesel vehicles without exhaust aftertreatment emission control. Exhaust catalysts combusted or converted more than 75% of lubricating oil components in the exhaust gases. Unburned crankcase lubricant made up 60%-90% of OC emissions. This OC represented 20%-50% of emitted PM in all but two of the vehicles. Three-way catalysts proved effective at reducing most of the OC. With high PM emitters or vehicles with deteriorated aftertreatment, high-molecular-weight fuel components and unburned lubricant were emitted at higher rates than in vehicles in good repair, with functioning emissions systems. Light-duty gasoline, medium-duty diesel, and heavy-duty natural gas vehicles produced more particles with fresh oil than with aged oil. The opposite trend was observed in light- and medium-duty high PM emitters. This effect was not readily apparent with heavy-duty diesel vehicles, perhaps because the lubricant represented a much smaller fraction of the total PM in those trucks.

Not Available

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Emissions Modeling for Electric Vehicles: Progress Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been considerable debate and numerous publications comparing the emissions from alternative fuel vehicles with those of internal combustion engine vehicles. Considering the highly competitive nature of the automotive industry, the size of the automotive fuels markets, and intense regulatory scrutiny of emissions, there is no easy method of establishing agreement on all of the analytical factors involved in emissions analysis from vehicles. However, agreement on many of the factual parameters sh...

1999-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

95

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Safety...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Data Center Fuels & Vehicles Biodiesel | Diesel Vehicles Electricity | Hybrid & Plug-In Electric Vehicles Ethanol | Flex Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen | Fuel Cell Vehicles Natural Gas |...

96

MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Focus Area: GHG Inventory Development Topics: Analysis Tools Website: www.epa.gov/otaq/models/moves/index.htm This emission modeling system estimates emissions from mobile sources, including cars, trucks, and motorcycles. The modeling tool covers a broad range of pollutants and allows multiple scale analysis. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Shift - Change to low-carbon modes Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies Learn more about the avoid, shift, improve framework for limiting air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions.

97

CleanFleet. Final report: Volume 7, vehicle emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Measurements of exhaust and evaporative emissions from Clean Fleet vans running on M-85, compressed natural gas (CNG), California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), propane gas, and a control gasoline (RF-A) are presented. Three vans from each combination of vehicle manufacturer and fuel were tested at the California Air Resources Board (ARB) as they accumulated mileage in the demonstration. Data are presented on regulated emissions, ozone precursors, air toxics, and greenhouse gases. The emissions tests provide information on in-use emissions. That is, the vans were taken directly from daily commercial service and tested at the ARB. The differences in alternative fuel technology provide the basis for a range of technology options. The emissions data reflect these differences, with classes of vehicle/fuels producing either more or less emissions for various compounds relative to the control gasoline.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Technology Status and Expected Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Battery, Plug?In Hybrid, and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric vehicles (EVs) of various types are experiencing a commercial renaissance but of uncertain ultimate success. Many new electric?drive models are being introduced by different automakers with significant technical improvements from earlier models

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Carbonyl Emissions from Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbonyl compounds present in motor vehicle exhaust, rangingfrom gasoline and diesel motor vehicles. Environ. Sci. Tech.composition and toxicity of motor vehicle emission samples.

Jakober, Chris A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Total energy cycle emissions and energy use of electric vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to provide estimates of changes in life cycle energy use and emissions that would occur with the introduction of EVs. The topics covered include a synopsis of the methodology used in the project, stages in the EV and conventional vehicle energy cycles, characterization of EVs by type and driving cycle, load analysis and capacity of the electric utility, analysis of the materials used for vehicle and battery, description of the total energy cycle analysis model, energy cycle primary energy resource consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, energy cycle emissions, and conclusions.

Singh, M.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Gas Turbine Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Historically, preliminary design information regarding gas turbine emissions has been unreliable, particularly for facilities using steam injection and other forms of Best Available Control Technology (BACT). This was probably attributed to the lack of regulatory interest in the 'real world' test results coupled with the difficulties of gathering analogous bench test data for systems employing gas turbines with Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSG) and steam injection. It appears that the agencies are getting a better grasp of emissions, but there are still problem areas, particularly CO and unburned hydrocarbon emissions. The lag in data has resulted in the imposition of a CO reactor as BACT for the gas turbine. With the renewed concern about the environment, air permits will have a high profile with offsets being the next fix beyond BACT. 'The manner in which technology developers and electric utilities will share emissions reductions in the coming era of pollution allowance trading is becoming prominent on the agendas of strategic planners at technology vendors and the electric power industry....' (1) Therefore, it becomes increasingly important that the proponents of gas turbine-based facilities establish more reliable data on their proposed emissions. This paper addresses the gas turbine emissions experiences of eight cogeneration plants utilizing: 1) steam injection for both NOx control and power augmentation, 2) CO reactors, 3) selective catalytic reduction units. It also looks at possible regulatory actions.

Frederick, J. D.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Gas turbine plant emissions  

SciTech Connect

Many cogeneration facilities use gas turbines combined with heat recovery boilers, and the number is increasing. At the start of 1986, over 75% of filings for new cogeneration plants included plans to burn natural gas. Depending on the geographic region, gas turbines are still one of the most popular prime movers. Emissions of pollutants from these turbines pose potential risks to the environment, particularly in geographical areas that already have high concentrations of cogeneration facilities. Although environmental regulations have concentrated on nitrogen oxides (NO/sub x/) in the past, it is now necessary to evaluate emission controls for other pollutants as well.

Davidson, L.N.; Gullett, D.E.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Alternative Fuel Vehicles: The Case of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles in California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

offering larger incentives for natural gas vehicles? -Do youbuy-down incentives were offered. For natural gas vehicle

Abbanat, Brian A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants -  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Emissions Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants - Sacramento on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

105

HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLE IN USE EMISSION PERFORMANCE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Engines for heavy-duty vehicles are emission certified by running engines according to specified load pattern or duty cycle. In the US, the US Heavy-Duty Transient cycle has been in use already for a number of years, and Europe is, according to the requirements of the Directive 1999/96/EC gradually switching to transient-type testing. Evaluating the in-use emission performance of heavy-duty vehicles presents a problem. Taking engines out of vehicles for engine dynamometer testing is difficult and costly. In addition, engine dynamometer testing does not take into account the properties of the vehicle itself (i.e. mass, transmission etc.). It is also debatable, how well the standardized duty cycles reflect real-life -driving patterns. VTT Processes has recently commissioned a new emission laboratory for heavy-duty vehicles. The facility comprises both engine test stand and a fully transient heavy-duty chassis dynamometer. The roller diameter of the dynamometer is 2.5 meters. Regulated emissions are measured using a full-flow CVS system. The HD vehicle chassis dynamometer measurements (emissions, fuel consumption) has been granted accreditation by the Centre of Metrology and Accreditation (MIKES, Finland). A national program to generate emission data on buses has been set up for the years 2002-2004. The target is to generate emission factors for some 50 different buses representing different degree of sophistication (Euro 1 to Euro5/EEV, with and without exhaust gas aftertreatment), different fuel technologies (diesel, natural gas) and different ages (the effect of aging). The work is funded by the Metropolitan Council of Helsinki, Helsinki City Transport, The Ministry of Transport and Communications Finland and the gas company Gasum Oy. The International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles (IANGV) has opted to buy into the project. For IANGV, VTT will deliver comprehensive emission data (including particle size distribution and chemical and biological characterization of particles) for up-to-date diesel and natural gas vehicles. The paper describes the methodology used for the measurements on buses, the test matrix and some preliminary emission data on both regulated and unregulated emissions.

Nylund, N; Ikonen, M; Laurikko, J

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

106

Alternative-fuels technology: Natural gas vehicles as a way to curb urban air pollution  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the use of natural gas as an alternative fuel in various vehicles. Safety and emissions resulting from combustion are briefly discussed.

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Emission Impacts of Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Projected of gas turbines steam mix and boilers natu- inof plants: steam boilers and gas turbines. turbines Gas areintercooled and steam- injected gas 4sAlso, turbines, lead

Wang, Quanlu; DeLuchi, Mark A.; Sperling, Daniel

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Prioritize Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicles and Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Prioritize Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment October 7, 2013 - 1:19pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 5 In order to prioritize the optimal greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction strategies for vehicles and mobile equipment at each local site, Federal agencies should now aggregate the steps previously covered, including: Inventory size Emissions sources/characteristics Available mitigation options Implementation costs Various statutes, mandates and internal agency goals that regulate fleet vehicle acquisition and use. The local agency missions, as well as the local geographic characteristics, will determine the various strategic priorities for site-level decision-makers. Depending on an agency's organizational structure,

109

Modelling vehicle emissions from an urban air-quality perspective:testing vehicle emissions interdependencies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Abstract This thesis employs a statistical regression method to estimate models for testing the hypothesis of the thesis of vehicle emissions interdependencies. The thesis at (more)

Dabbas, Wafa M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Regulatory Control of Vehicle and Power Plant Emissions: How Effective and at What Cost?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Passenger vehicles and power plants are major sources of greenhouse gas emissions. While economic analyses generally indicate that a broader market-based approach to greenhouse gas reduction would be less costly and more ...

Paltsev, S.

111

Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicles and Vehicles and Mobile Equipment Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategies for Vehicles and Mobile Equipment October 7, 2013 - 11:48am Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 3 Reducing petroleum consumption is the principal means to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from vehicles and mobile equipment. Each agency has the flexibility to evaluate a variety of options to ensure its strategy best fits the mission and makeup of its fleets. The purpose of this evaluation is to: Identify strategies that will best encourage the reduction of petroleum use in Federal vehicles Estimate the GHG reduction potential and cost effectiveness of these strategies. Next Step After evaluating GHG reduction strategies, the next step in the GHG mitigation planning for vehicles and mobile equipment is to estimate the

112

Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forum Forum Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Form (NGVTF) logo The Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum (NGVTF) supports development and deployment of commercially competitive natural gas engines, vehicles, and infrastructure. Learn about NGVTF's purpose, activities, meetings, stakeholders, steering committee, and webinars. Purpose Led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in partnership with the U.S. Department of Energy and the California Energy Commission, NGVTF unites a diverse group of stakeholders to: Share information and resources Identify natural gas engine, vehicle, and infrastructure technology targets Facilitate government-industry research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RDD&D) to achieve targets Communicate high-priority needs of natural gas vehicle end users to natural gas equipment and vehicle manufacturers

113

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards All new passenger vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty vehicles

114

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on AddThis.com...

115

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Maine has adopted the California motor vehicle emissions standards

116

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards The Connecticut Low Emission Vehicles II Program requires that all new

117

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle Standards New vehicles sold or offered for sale in Vermont must meet California emissions and compliance requirements in Title 13 of the California Code of

118

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards New Jersey has adopted California motor vehicle emissions standards as set

119

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Washington adopted the California motor vehicle emission standards in Title

120

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Maryland has adopted the California motor vehicle emission standards in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

,"Utah Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Utah Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","52013" ,"Release Date:","7...

122

,"Wisconsin Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wisconsin Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","72013" ,"Release...

123

,"Ohio Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Ohio Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","72013" ,"Release Date:","9...

124

,"Vermont Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Vermont Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","72013" ,"Release...

125

,"Michigan Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Michigan Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","72013" ,"Release...

126

Vehicle Fuel Consumption of Natural Gas (Summary)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power price data are for regulated ... Gas volumes delivered for use as vehicle fuel are included in the State annual totals through 2010 but not in ...

127

,"Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","52013" ,"Release Date:","7...

128

Measuring of exhaust gas emissions using absorption spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an optical fibre sensor for the detection of NOx (NO2 and NO) and CO2 in the exhaust system of a road vehicle. The measurement is based on a free path interaction zone which is interrogated using ... Keywords: absorption spectroscopy, air pollution, carbon dioxide, emissions measurement, exhaust gas emissions, gas sensors, infrared, nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen oxide, optical fibre sensors, ultraviolet, vehicle emissions

Eamonn Hawe; Gerard Dooly; Colin Fitzpatrick; Paul Chambers; Elfed Lewis; W. Z. Zhao; T. Sun; K. T. V. Grattan; M. Degner; H. Ewald; S. Lochmann; G. Bramman; C. Wei; D. Hitchen; J. Lucas; A. Al-Shamma'a; E. Merlone-Borla; P. Faraldi; M. Pidria

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Emissions from ethanol- and LPG-fueled vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the environmental concerns of using neat ethanol and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as transportation fuels in the United States. Low-level blends of ethanol (10%) with gasoline have been used as fuels in the United States for more than a decade, but neat ethanol (85% or more) has only been used extensively in Brazil. LPG, which consists mostly of propane, is already used extensively as a vehicle fuel in the United States, but its use has been limited primarily to converted fleet vehicles. Increasing U.S. interest in alternative fuels has raised the possibility of introducing neat-ethanol vehicles into the market and expanding the number of LPG vehicles. Use of such vehicles, and increased production and consumption of fuel ethanol and LPG, will undoubtedly have environmental impacts. If the impacts are determined to be severe, they could act as barriers to the introduction of neat-ethanol and LPG vehicles. Environmental concerns include exhaust and evaporative emissions and their impact on ozone formation and global warming, toxic emissions from fuel combustion and evaporation, and agricultural impacts from production of ethanol. The paper is not intended to be judgmental regarding the overall attractiveness of ethanol or LPG as compared with other transportation fuels. The environmental concerns are reviewed and summarized, but only conclusion reached is that there is no single concern that is likely to prevent the introduction of neat-ethanol-fueled vehicles or the increase in LPG-fueled vehicles.

Pitstick, M.E.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 11:42am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Once a Federal agency has identified its most important mobile greenhouse gas (GHG) emission sources overall, it can work with individual sites to determine vehicle usage and refueling trends. Agencies can compare the results of this analysis to internal standards and requirements to identify GHG mitigation opportunities for assets that are underperforming or underutilized. Two examples of this type of analysis focus on: Alternative fuel consumption Vehicle utilization. Figure 1 - An image of a vertical, stacked bar chart titled 'Alternative Fuel Use in AFVs.' The frequency data axis is labeled 'Gallons of Gasoline Equivalent' with a scale of 0-1,400,000 in increments of 200,000. The stacked bar labeled 'CNG Dual Fuel Vehicles' shows CNG from 0-300,000 gallons and Gasoline from 300,000-800,000 gallons. The stacked bar labeled 'E-85 Flex Fuel Vehicles' shows E85 from 0-1,000,000 gallons and Gasoline from 1,000,000-1,250,000 gallons.

131

Regulating Greenhouse Gas Emissions Date: March 7, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regulating Greenhouse Gas Emissions Date: March 7, 2011 To: Michigan's Congressional Delegation From: Michigan College, University, Agency and NGO Researchers RE: Clean Air Act and Greenhouse Gas note that the EPA's rules to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from new vehicles were welcomed

Shyy, Wei

132

Cost-effectiveness of controlling emissions for various alternative-fuel vehicle types, with vehicle and fuel price subsidies estimated on the basis of monetary values of emission reductions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Emission-control cost-effectiveness is estimated for ten alternative-fuel vehicle (AFV) types (i.e., vehicles fueled with reformulated gasoline, M85 flexible-fuel vehicles [FFVs], M100 FFVs, dedicated M85 vehicles, dedicated M100 vehicles, E85 FFVS, dual-fuel liquefied petroleum gas vehicles, dual-fuel compressed natural gas vehicles [CNGVs], dedicated CNGVs, and electric vehicles [EVs]). Given the assumptions made, CNGVs are found to be most cost-effective in controlling emissions and E85 FFVs to be least cost-effective, with the other vehicle types falling between these two. AFV cost-effectiveness is further calculated for various cases representing changes in costs of vehicles and fuels, AFV emission reductions, and baseline gasoline vehicle emissions, among other factors. Changes in these parameters can change cost-effectiveness dramatically. However, the rank of the ten AFV types according to their cost-effectiveness remains essentially unchanged. Based on assumed dollars-per-ton emission values and estimated AFV emission reductions, the per-vehicle monetary value of emission reductions is calculated for each AFV type. Calculated emission reduction values ranged from as little as $500 to as much as $40,000 per vehicle, depending on AFV type, dollar-per-ton emission values, and baseline gasoline vehicle emissions. Among the ten vehicle types, vehicles fueled with reformulated gasoline have the lowest per-vehicle value, while EVs have the highest per-vehicle value, reflecting the magnitude of emission reductions by these vehicle types. To translate the calculated per-vehicle emission reduction values to individual AFV users, AFV fuel or vehicle price subsidies are designed to be equal to AFV emission reduction values. The subsidies designed in this way are substantial. In fact, providing the subsidies to AFVs would change most AFV types from net cost increases to net cost decreases, relative to conventional gasoline vehicles.

Wang, M.Q.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

133

[Fuel substitution of vehicles by natural gas: Summaries of four final technical reports  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report contains summary information on three meetings and highlights of a fourth meeting held by the Society of Automotive Engineers on natural gas fueled vehicles. The meetings covered the following: Natural gas engine and vehicle technology; Safety aspects of alternately fueled vehicles; Catalysts and emission control--Meeting the legislative standards; and LNG--Strengthening the links.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle Requirement All Model Year (MY) 2007 and later heavy-duty vehicles sold, leased, or

135

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards The Pennsylvania Clean Vehicles Program requires that all new passenger

136

REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS VEHICLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fueled truck fleet of more than 100 refuse hauling vehicles and plans to add more will include exhaust from on-road vehicles and from materials handling equipment, dust from refuse renewable natural gas. CR&R plans to add 100 CNG/LNG vehicles to its fleet over the next

137

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Labeling Requirement

138

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

City 44 Combined 44 Highway 2012 Honda Civic Natural Gas 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic 5-spd, CNG Compare 2012 Honda Civic Natural Gas View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 27...

139

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Chrysler  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

24 Combined 31 Highway 2012 Chrysler 200 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Chrysler 200 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19 City 22...

140

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Chrysler  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Chrysler 200 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Chrysler 200 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19 City 22...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Ram  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MODEL City Comb Hwy 2012 Ram CV Cargo Van 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Ram CV Cargo Van View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 17 City...

142

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Buick  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

21 Combined 27 Highway 2013 Buick LaCrosse 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Buick LaCrosse View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 17 City 21...

143

Gas Mileage of 2007 Vehicles by Jeep  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

18 Highway 2007 Jeep Commander 2WD 8 cyl, 4.7 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2007 Jeep Commander 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 14 City...

144

Gas Mileage of 2009 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

20 Combined 27 Highway 2009 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2009 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19 City 22...

145

Gas Mileage of 2009 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

City Comb Hwy 2009 Ford Crown Victoria FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2009 Ford Crown Victoria FFV View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 16...

146

Gas Mileage of 2010 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comb Hwy 2010 Mercury Grand Marquis FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2010 Mercury Grand Marquis FFV View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas...

147

Gas Mileage of 2011 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comb Hwy 2011 Mercury Grand Marquis FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2011 Mercury Grand Marquis FFV View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas...

148

Gas Mileage of 2006 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

23 Highway 2006 Ford Crown Victoria 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2006 Ford Crown Victoria View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 15...

149

Gas Mileage of 2004 Vehicles by Chrysler  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

27 Highway 2004 Chrysler Sebring 4 Door 6 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2004 Chrysler Sebring 4 Door View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19...

150

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Jeep  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

23 Highway 2012 Jeep Grand Cherokee 2WD 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Jeep Grand Cherokee 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 17...

151

Gas Mileage of 2010 Vehicles by Chrysler  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Combined 27 Highway 2010 Chrysler Sebring 6 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2010 Chrysler Sebring View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19 City...

152

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Jeep  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

26 Highway 2013 Jeep Grand Cherokee 2WD 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Jeep Grand Cherokee 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 17...

153

Gas Mileage of 2010 Vehicles by Lincoln  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

By Vehicle Owners Gas 14 City 16 Combined 20 Highway E85 9 City 11 Combined 13 Highway 2010 Lincoln Town Car FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2010...

154

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards California's LEV II exhaust emissions standards apply to Model Year (MY)

155

Determine Largest Mobile Greenhouse Gas Emission Sources | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Largest Mobile Greenhouse Gas Emission Sources Largest Mobile Greenhouse Gas Emission Sources Determine Largest Mobile Greenhouse Gas Emission Sources October 7, 2013 - 11:39am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 For the purposes of portfolio planning, a Federal agency's first data analysis step is to determine which mobile emissions sources represent the largest contributors to the agency's overall greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Agencies can use agency-level data to determine which fleets/locations, which vehicle assets (e.g., fleet vehicles, non-fleet equipment, etc.), and which fuel types are producing the largest amounts of emissions. Based on this analysis, the agency can better define which mitigation strategies will be most effective. For instance, if a single fleet comprises over half of the agency's vehicle and equipment emissions, the

156

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diesel Engine Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations on

157

LNG delivery system for gas powered vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a natural gas delivery system. It comprises a first vehicle mounted tank for storing liquid natural gas and natural gas vapor; a second vehicle mounted tank for storing liquid natural gas and natural gas vapor; a use line connected to the first and second tanks for receiving natural gas from the first and second tanks and delivering natural gas vapor to the use device on the vehicle and means for pressurizing the natural gas in the use line; means for selecting one of the first or second tanks to deliver natural gas to the use line; and means for overriding the selecting means to deliver natural gas vapor to the use line from either of the tanks in response to detecting a pressure rise therein which exceeds a preselected maximum.

Nesser, T.A.; Hedegard, K.W.

1992-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

158

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Any new light-duty passenger car, light-duty truck, or medium-duty

159

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Under the Oregon LEV Program, all new passenger cars, light-duty trucks,

160

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards The Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management has adopted

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Credit An income tax credit is available to individuals who purchase or lease a

162

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards The Massachusetts LEV Program requires all new passenger cars and

163

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards Under the Clean Cars Act of 2008, the Mayor of the District of Columbia

164

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emissions Vehicle Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Tax Exemption

165

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Promotion Plan

166

Evaporative Testing Requirements for Dual-Fuel Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)/Gasoline and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)/Gasoline Vehicles Revision of MAC #99-01 To Allow Subtraction of Methane Emissions from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The attached MAC clarifies the Air Resources Board's procedures regarding evaporative emission testing of dual-fuel CNG/gasoline vehicles. This MAC revises and supersedes MAC #99-01 by allowing manufacturers to determine, report, and subtract methane emissions when a dual-fuel CNG/gasoline vehicle is tested for evaporative emissions. A related revision clarifies that for dual-fuel CNG/gasoline medium-duty vehicles, the applicable LEV I evaporative emission standards, which are dependent on the fuel tank capacity of the medium-duty vehicles, are determined solely on the fuel tank capacity of the gasoline fuel system. If you have any questions or comments, please contact Mr. Steven Hada, Air

Alan C. Lloyd, Ph.D.; Arnold Schwarzenegger; All Heavy-duty Vehicle Manufacturers

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Light-Duty Vehicle Program Emissions Results (Interim Results...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Procedure (FTP) emissions testing of flexible- fuel methanol, ethanol, and dedicated CNG vehicles from the U. S. Federal Fleet was completed in 1995. The vehicles tested in the...

168

Vehicle Technologies Office: Natural Gas Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Natural Gas Research Natural Gas Research Natural gas offers tremendous opportunities for reducing the use of petroleum in transportation. Medium and heavy-duty fleets, which have significant potential to use natural gas, currently consume more than a third of the petroleum in transportation in the U.S. Natural gas is an excellent fit for a wide range of heavy-duty applications, especially transit buses, refuse haulers, and Class 8 long-haul or delivery trucks. In addition, natural gas can be a very good choice for light-duty vehicle fleets with central refueling. See the Alternative Fuels Data Center for a description of the uses and benefits of natural gas vehicles or its Laws and Incentives database for information on tax incentives. The Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports the development of natural gas engines and research into renewable natural gas production.

169

Gaseous fueled vehicles: A role for natural gas and hydrogen  

SciTech Connect

The commercialization of gaseous hydrogen fueled vehicles requires both the development of hydrogen fueled vehicles and the establishment of a hydrogen fueling infrastructure. These requirements create a classic chicken and egg scenario in that manufacturers will not build and consumers will not buy vehicles without an adequate refueling infrastructure and potential refueling station operators will not invest the needed capital without an adequate market to serve. One solution to this dilemma is to create a bridging strategy whereby hydrogen is introduced gradually via another carrier. The only contending alternative fuel that can act as a bridge to hydrogen fueled vehicles is natural gas. To explore this possibility, IGT is conducting emission tests on its dedicated natural gas vehicle (NGV) test platform to determine what, if any, effects small quantities of hydrogen have on emissions and performance. Furthermore, IGT is actively developing an adsorbent based low-pressure natural gas storage system for NGV applications. This system has also shown promise as a storage media for hydrogen. A discussion of our research results in this area will be presented. Finally, a review of IGT's testing facility will be presented to indicate our capabilities in conducted natural gas/hydrogen vehicle (NGHV) research. 3 refs., 10 figs.

Blazek, C.F.; Jasionowski, W.J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Gaseous fueled vehicles: A role for natural gas and hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The commercialization of gaseous hydrogen fueled vehicles requires both the development of hydrogen fueled vehicles and the establishment of a hydrogen fueling infrastructure. These requirements create a classic chicken and egg scenario in that manufacturers will not build and consumers will not buy vehicles without an adequate refueling infrastructure and potential refueling station operators will not invest the needed capital without an adequate market to serve. One solution to this dilemma is to create a bridging strategy whereby hydrogen is introduced gradually via another carrier. The only contending alternative fuel that can act as a bridge to hydrogen fueled vehicles is natural gas. To explore this possibility, IGT is conducting emission tests on its dedicated natural gas vehicle (NGV) test platform to determine what, if any, effects small quantities of hydrogen have on emissions and performance. Furthermore, IGT is actively developing an adsorbent based low-pressure natural gas storage system for NGV applications. This system has also shown promise as a storage media for hydrogen. A discussion of our research results in this area will be presented. Finally, a review of IGT's testing facility will be presented to indicate our capabilities in conducted natural gas/hydrogen vehicle (NGHV) research. 3 refs., 10 figs.

Blazek, C.F.; Jasionowski, W.J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Directions in Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Directions in

172

Alternative Fuel Vehicles: The Case of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles in California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000. Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition, Energy Policy Act ofPolicy Alternative Fuel Vehicles: The Case of Compressed Natural Gas (Natural Gas Vehicles Stall on Way to Market, Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy,

Abbanat, Brian A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Heavy-Duty Vehicle Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants

174

Using Gasoline, Diesel, and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles, Characterize the Significance of Lube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Gasoline, Diesel, and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles, Characterize the Significance from natural gas vehicles will help in the development of PM mitigation technologies. This in turn emissions beyond applicable standards, and that benefit natural gas ratepayers (Public Resources Code 25620

175

Gas Mileage of 2006 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Chevrolet Vehicles 6 Chevrolet Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2006 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2006 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD Gas 13 City 14 Combined 17 Highway E85 10 City 11 Combined 13 Highway 2006 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2006 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 13 City 14 Combined 17 Highway E85 10 City 11 Combined 13 Highway 2006 Chevrolet Aveo 5 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2006 Chevrolet Aveo 5 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 25 Combined 31 Highway 2006 Chevrolet Aveo 5 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2006 Chevrolet Aveo 5 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners

176

Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(Minnesota) (Minnesota) Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Climate Policies This statute sets goals for the reduction of statewide greenhouse gas emissions by at least 15 percent by 2015, 30 percent by 2025, and 80

177

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Initiative to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Initiative on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Initiative on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Initiative on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Initiative on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Initiative on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Initiative on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

178

Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic...

179

Idaho Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Idaho Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Idaho Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic...

180

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Purchase...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Purchase Vouchers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Purchase Vouchers on Facebook Tweet about...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption...

182

South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars...

183

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Gas Vehicle Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Acquisition Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

184

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Overview  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Greenhouse Gas Tables (1990-2009) Greenhouse Gas Tables (1990-2009) Table Title Formats Overview 1 U.S. emissions of greenhouse gases, based on global warming potential 2 U.S. greenhouse gas intensity and related factors 3 Distribution of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions by end-use sector 4 World energy-related carbon dioxide emissions by region 5 Greenhouse gases and 100-year net global warming potentials Carbon dioxide emissions 6 U.S. carbon dioxide emissions from energy and industry 7 U.S. energy-related carbon dioxide emissions by end-use sector 8 U.S. carbon dioxide emission from residential sector energy consumption 9 U.S. carbon dioxide emissions from commercial sector energy consumption 10 U.S. carbon dioxide emissions from industrial sector energy consumption

185

Cooperative Regulation of Emissions Using Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We exploit new types of vehicles, such as Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), to control transport related emissions in urban environments. By appropriately choosing whether single power-split hybrid vehicles should be operated in fully electric ...

A. Schlote, F. Hausler, T. Hecker, A. Bergmann, E. Crisostomi, I. Radusch, R. Shorten

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emission Control R&D to Emission Control R&D to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines Combustion Engines Emission Control Waste Heat Recovery Fuels & Lubricants Materials Technologies Emission Control R&D

187

Natural gas vehicles : Status, barriers, and opportunities.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the United States, recent shale gas discoveries have generated renewed interest in using natural gas as a vehicular fuel, primarily in fleet applications, while outside the United States, natural gas vehicle use has expanded significantly in the past decade. In this report for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities Program - a public-private partnership that advances the energy, economic, and environmental security of the U.S. by supporting local decisions that reduce petroleum use in the transportation sector - we have examined the state of natural gas vehicle technology, current market status, energy and environmental benefits, implications regarding advancements in European natural gas vehicle technologies, research and development efforts, and current market barriers and opportunities for greater market penetration. The authors contend that commercial intracity trucks are a prime area for advancement of this fuel. Therefore, we examined an aggressive future market penetration of natural gas heavy-duty vehicles that could be seen as a long-term goal. Under this scenario using Energy Information Administration projections and GREET life-cycle modeling of U.S. on-road heavy-duty use, natural gas vehicles would reduce petroleum consumption by approximately 1.2 million barrels of oil per day, while another 400,000 barrels of oil per day reduction could be achieved with significant use of natural gas off-road vehicles. This scenario would reduce daily oil consumption in the United States by about 8%.

Rood Werpy, M.; Santini, D.; Burnham, A.; Mintz, M.; Energy Systems

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

188

Demonstrating Ultra-Low Diesel Vehicle Emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Evaluate performance of near-term exhaust emissions control technologies on a modern diesel vehicle over transient drive cycles; Phase 1: Independent (separate) evaluations of engine-out, OEM catalysts, CDPF, and NOx adsorber (Completed March 2000); Phase 2: Combine NOx adsorber and CDPF to evaluate/demonstrate simultaneous reduction of NOx and PM (Underway--interim results available); Establish potential for these technologies to help CIDI engines meet emission reduction targets; and Investigate short-term effects of fuel sulfur on emissions performance

McGill, R.N.

2000-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

189

Light-Duty Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Federal Test Procedure Emissions Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In support of the U.S. Department of Energy's development and deployment of alternative fuels for environmental and national security reasons, NREL has managed a series of light-duty vehicle emissions tests on alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). The purpose of this report is to give a detailed evaluation of the final emissions test results on vehicles tested on methanol, ethanol, and compressed natural gas.

Kelly, K.; Eudy, L.; Coburn, T.

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

190

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

191

Gas Mileage of 2007 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Ford Vehicles 7 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2007 Ford Crown Victoria 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2007 Ford Crown Victoria View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2007 Ford Crown Victoria 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2007 Ford Crown Victoria View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2007 Ford Edge AWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2007 Ford Edge AWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 2007 Ford Edge FWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2007 Ford Edge FWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 23

192

Gas Mileage of 2008 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Ford Vehicles 8 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2008 Ford Crown Victoria FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2008 Ford Crown Victoria FFV View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2008 Ford Edge AWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Ford Edge AWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 2008 Ford Edge FWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Ford Edge FWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 2008 Ford Escape 4WD 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Ford Escape 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 21 Combined 24

193

Gas Mileage of 2008 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Dodge Vehicles 8 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2008 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 30 Highway 2008 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 26 Highway 2008 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2008 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway E85 13 City 16 Combined 20 Highway 2008 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway 2008 Dodge Avenger AWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline

194

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

195

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

196

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Production Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

197

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

198

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

199

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

200

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Support for Low Support for Low Emission Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Low Emission Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Support for Low Emission Vehicles The New Jersey legislature urges the United States Congress and President

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

202

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Sales Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

203

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section...

204

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Zero Emission Vehicle Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Deployment Support on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

205

Compressed natural gas fueled vehicles: The Houston experience  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report describes the experience of the City of Houston in defining the compressed natural gas fueled vehicle research scope and issues. It details the ways in which the project met initial expectations, and how the project scope, focus, and duration were adjusted in response to unanticipated results. It provides examples of real world successes and failures in efforts to commercialize basic research in adapting a proven technology (natural gas) to a noncommercially proven application (vehicles). Phase one of the demonstration study investigates, develops, documents, and disseminates information regarding the economic, operational, and environmental implications of utilizing compressed natural gas (CNG) in various truck fueling applications. The four (4) truck classes investigated are light duty gasoline trucks, medium duty gasoline trucks, medium duty diesel trucks and heavy duty diesel trucks. The project researches aftermarket CNG conversions for the first three vehicle classes and original equipment manufactured (OEM) CNG vehicles for light duty gasoline and heavy duty diesel classes. In phase two of the demonstration project, critical issues are identified and assessed with respect to implementing use of CNG fueled vehicles in a large vehicle fleet. These issues include defining changes in local, state, and industry CNG fueled vehicle related codes and standards; addressing vehicle fuel storage limitations; using standardized vehicle emission testing procedures and results; and resolving CNG refueling infrastructure implementation issues and related cost factors. The report identifies which CNG vehicle fueling options were tried and failed and which were tried and succeeded, with and without modifications. The conclusions include a caution regarding overly optimistic assessments of CNG vehicle technology at the initiation of the project.

Not Available

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

206

A Statistical Model of Vehicle Emissions and Fuel Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A number of vehicle emission models are overly simple, such as static speed-dependent models widely used in

Cappiello, Alessandra

2002-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

207

Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Future Prospects Focus Area: Propane Topics: Socio-Economic Website: theicct.orgsitesdefaultfilespublications...

208

Natural Gas as a Fuel Option for Heavy Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT) is promoting the use of natural gas as a fuel option in the transportation energy sector through its natural gas vehicle program [1]. The goal of this program is to eliminate the technical and cost barriers associated with displacing imported petroleum. This is achieved by supporting research and development in technologies that reduce manufacturing costs, reduce emissions, and improve vehicle performance and consumer acceptance for natural gas fueled vehicles. In collaboration with Brookhaven National Laboratory, projects are currently being pursued in (1) liquefied natural gas production from unconventional sources, (2) onboard natural gas storage (adsorbent, compressed, and liquefied), (3) natural gas delivery systems for both onboard the vehicle and the refueling station, and (4) regional and enduse strategies. This paper will provide an overview of these projects highlighting their achievements and current status. In addition, it will discuss how the individual technologies developed are being integrated into an overall program strategic plan.

James E. Wegrzyn; Wai Lin Litzke; Michael Gurevich

1999-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

209

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Diesel 8 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Digg

210

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Diesel 7 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference Presentations on Digg

211

The DOE/NREL Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle Program - An Overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NG-NGV) Program that is led by the U.S. Department Of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The goal of this program is to develop and implement one Class 3-6 compressed natural gas (CNG) prototype vehicle and one Class 7-8 liquefied natural gas (LNG) prototype vehicle in the 2004 to 2007 timeframe. OHVT intends for these vehicles to have 0.5 g/bhp-hr or lower emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) by 2004 and 0.2 g/bhp-hr or lower NOx by 2007. These vehicles will also have particulate matter (PM) emissions of 0.01 g/bhp-hr or lower by 2004. In addition to ambitious emissions goals, these vehicles will target life-cycle economics that are compatible with their conventionally fueled counterparts.

Kevin Walkowicz; Denny Stephens; Kevin Stork

2001-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

212

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Chevrolet Vehicles 3 Chevrolet Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD Gas 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2013 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2013 Chevrolet Camaro 8 cyl, 6.2 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 Chevrolet Camaro View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 14 City 16 Combined 19 Highway 2013 Chevrolet Camaro 8 cyl, 6.2 L, Automatic (S6), Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 Chevrolet Camaro 12 City 14 Combined 18

213

Gas Mileage of 2002 Vehicles by GMC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

17 Combined 20 Highway 2002 GMC Sonoma 2WD (FFV) 4 cyl, 2.2 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2002 GMC Sonoma 2WD (FFV) View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners...

214

Gas Mileage of 2005 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

14 Combined 17 Highway 2005 Ford Explorer FFV 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2005 Ford Explorer FFV 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners...

215

Gas Mileage of 2007 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highway 2007 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2007 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners...

216

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Audi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

24 Combined 30 Highway 2013 Audi A4 quattro 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (S8), Premium Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Audi A4 quattro View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Prem 20 City...

217

Gas Mileage of 2005 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highway 2005 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2005 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners...

218

Gas Mileage of 2006 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2006 Dodge CaravanGrand Caravan 2WD 6 cyl, 3.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2006 Dodge CaravanGrand Caravan 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle...

219

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Fisker  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2012 Fisker Karma 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Auto(A1), Premium Gas or Electricity Compare 2012 Fisker Karma View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Prem MPG 20...

220

,"Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"10312013 3:31:19 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","NA1570STX2" "Date","Texas...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

On-road remote sensing of vehicle emissions in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-road remote sensing of vehicle emissions in the Auckland Region August 2003 Technical 1877353000 www.arc.govt.nz #12;TP 198 On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Emissions in the Auckland Region #12;Page i TP 198 On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Emissions in the Auckland Region On-road remote sensing

Denver, University of

222

Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle Activity: Natural Gas Engine and Vehicle Research & Development (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the status of the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NGNGV) activity, including goals, R&D progress, NGV implementation, and the transition to hydrogen.

Not Available

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lower greenhouse gas emissions from electricity productionAssessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Plug-in Hybridof national greenhouse gas emissions. Both motor vehicle

Kammen, Daniel M.; Arons, Samuel M.; Lemoine, Derek M.; Hummel, Holmes

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Overview  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Environment Environment Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the U. S. Release Date: March 31, 2011 | Next Release Date: Report Discontinued | Report Number: DOE/EIA-0573(2009) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Overview Diagram Notes [a] CO2 emissions related to petroleum consumption (includes 64 MMTCO2 of non-fuel-related emissions). [b] CO2 emissions related to coal consumption (includes 0.3 MMTCO2 of non-fuel-related emissions). [c] CO2 emissions related to natural gas consumption (includes 13 MMTCO2 of non-fuel-related emissions). [d] Excludes carbon sequestered in nonfuel fossil products. [e] CO2 emissions from the plastics portion of municipal solid waste (11 MMTCO2) combusted for electricity generation and very small amounts (0.4 MMTCO2) of geothermal-related emissions.

225

Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum Leadership Committee  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Technology Forum Vehicle Technology Forum Leadership Committee Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum Leadership Committee Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum Leadership Committee Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum Leadership Committee Meeting on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum Leadership Committee Meeting on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum Leadership Committee Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum Leadership Committee Meeting on AddThis.com... Goals & Accomplishments Partnerships National Clean Fleets Partnership

226

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Inspection Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

227

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Airport Zero Emission Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) and Infrastructure Incentives on AddThis.com...

228

Energy Basics: Natural Gas Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

natural gas (dedicated NGVs) or are capable of natural gas and gasoline fueling (bi-fuel NGVs). Dedicated NGVs are designed to run only on natural gas. Bi-fuel NGVs have two...

229

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Wisconsin (Million Cubic Feet)

230

The California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: A Study of the Policy Process, 1990-2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hybrid electric vehicles (that fell in the category of advanced-technology partial zero emission vehicles

Collantes, Gustavo O

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Reduction of natural gas engine emissions using a novel aftertreatment system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The global objective of this study was to develop an exhaust aftertreatment system to reduce gaseous and particulate matter emissions from natural gas fueled vehicles. (more)

Burlingame, Timothy S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle Promotion The New Jersey Senate urges automobile manufacturers to commercially develop and sell compressed natural gas vehicles in New Jersey and

233

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicles Safety Regulations Vehicles converted to operate on compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied

234

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicles Lower Emissions in Columbus, Ohio on AddThis.com...

235

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hydrogen Hydrogen Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Hydrogen Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations

236

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Emission Vehicle Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Incentives and Technical Training - San Joaquin Valley on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low

237

Gas Mileage of 2011 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Ford Vehicles 1 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2011 Ford Crown Victoria FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2011 Ford Crown Victoria FFV View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway E85 12 City 14 Combined 17 Highway 2011 Ford E150 Van FFV 8 cyl, 5.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2011 Ford E150 Van FFV Gas 12 City 14 Combined 16 Highway E85 9 City 10 Combined 12 Highway 2011 Ford E150 Van FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2011 Ford E150 Van FFV View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 13 City 15 Combined 17 Highway E85 10 City 11 Combined 12 Highway 2011 Ford E150 Wagon FFV 8 cyl, 5.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2011 Ford E150 Wagon FFV Gas 12

238

10 Kammen and others/p. 1 Cost-Effectiveness of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions from Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Daniel M. Kammen1 , Samuel M. Arons, Derek M. Lemoine and Holmes Hummel Cars per year.2 Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles could alter these trends. On a vehicle technology spectrum that stretches from fossil fuel­powered conventional vehicles (CVs) through hybrid electric vehicles 1

Kammen, Daniel M.

239

Refueling stations for natural gas vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The unavailability of natural gas vehicle (NGV) refueling stations constitutes one of the major barriers to the wide spread utilization of natural gas in the transportation market. The purpose of this paper is to review and evaluate the current technical and economic status of compressed natural gas vehicle refueling stations and to identify the components or design features that offer the greatest potential for performance improvements and/or cost reductions. Both fast-fill- and slow-fill-type refueling systems will be discussed. 4 refs., 10 figs., 6 tabs.

Blazek, C.F.; Kinast, J.A.; Biederman, R.T.; Jasionowski, W.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Decals Any person operating a vehicle that is capable of using compressed or

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Emissions Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Inspection Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section...

242

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Emissions Test Requirement to someone by E-mail Emissions Test Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Emissions Test Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

243

Using Vehicle Taxes to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rates of New Passenger Vehicles: Evidence from France, Germany, and Sweden  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

France, Germany, and Sweden link vehicle taxes to the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rates of passenger vehicles. Based on new vehicle registration data from 20052010, a vehicles tax is negatively correlated with its ...

Klier, Thomas

244

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate Citizens Gas & Coke Utility (Citizens) offers rebates for qualified

245

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Rebates - Texas Gas Service to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Rebates - Texas Gas Service on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Rebates - Texas Gas Service on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Rebates - Texas Gas Service on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Rebates - Texas Gas Service on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Rebates - Texas Gas Service on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas

246

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Dodge Vehicles 2 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2012 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 30 Highway 2012 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 20 City 24 Combined 31 Highway 2012 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Dodge Avenger Gas 19 City 22 Combined 29 Highway E85 14 City 16 Combined 21 Highway 2012 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (variable gear ratios), Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Dodge Caliber 23 City 24 Combined 27 Highway 2012 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Dodge Caliber 24

247

Gas Mileage of 2011 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Dodge Vehicles 1 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2011 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2011 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 30 Highway 2011 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2011 Dodge Avenger 20 City 24 Combined 31 Highway 2011 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2011 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 19 City 22 Combined 29 Highway E85 14 City 16 Combined 21 Highway 2011 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (variable gear ratios), Regular Gasoline Compare 2011 Dodge Caliber 23 City 24 Combined 27 Highway 2011 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic (variable gear ratios), Regular Gasoline

248

Gas Mileage of 2010 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Dodge Vehicles 10 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2010 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 30 Highway 2010 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Dodge Avenger 16 City 20 Combined 27 Highway 2010 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 2.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2010 Dodge Avenger Gas 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway E85 14 City 16 Combined 20 Highway 2010 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Dodge Caliber View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 23 City 26 Combined 31 Highway 2010 Dodge Caliber 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (variable gear ratios), Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Dodge Caliber

249

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are calculated using the eGRID post 2006 emission factor for all subject years (1990-2009); the CA-CP Calculator uses a different (lower) factor (eGRID pre 2006) for years 1990-2006. WUSTL deviated from the CA-CP Calculator on this emission factor because using the pre and post eGRID factors skews GHG emissions

Dobbins, Ian G.

250

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Metropolitan Utilities District on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed

251

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Aftermarket Conversion Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed

252

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Ford Vehicles 3 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Ford C-MAX Hybrid FWD 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (variable gear ratios), Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Ford C-MAX Hybrid FWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 45 City 43 Combined 40 Highway 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Plug-in Hybrid 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (variable gear ratios), Regular Gas and Electricity Compare 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Plug-in Hybrid View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Reg. Gas MPG 44 City 43 Combined 41 Highway Elec+Gas kWhrs/100 miles - 34 Combined - MPGe - 100 Combined - 2013 Ford E150 Van FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Ford E150 Van FFV Gas 13 City 15 Combined 17 Highway E85 9 City 10 Combined 12 Highway 2013 Ford E150 Van FFV 8 cyl, 5.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85

253

California's Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a Shared Electric Vehicle Program. In Transporta- tionadvanced technologies and electric vehicles i n Japan. Earlysur vey. Nearly 50 electric vehicles were used, including

Shaheen, Susan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Grants The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection administers the

255

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebates National Grid rebates on a case-by-case basis to customers who purchase

256

Impact of Vehicle Air-Conditioning on Fuel Economy, Tailpipe Emissions, and Electric Vehicle Range: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Vehicle air-conditioning can significantly impact fuel economy and tailpipe emissions of conventional and hybrid electric vehicles and reduce electric vehicle range. In addition, a new US emissions procedure, called the Supplemental Federal Test Procedure, has provided the motivation for reducing the size of vehicle air-conditioning systems in the US. The SFTP will measure tailpipe emissions with the air-conditioning system operating. Current air-conditioning systems can reduce the fuel economy of high fuel-economy vehicles by about 50% and reduce the fuel economy of today's mid-sized vehicles by more than 20% while increasing NOx by nearly 80% and CO by 70%.

Farrington, R.; Rugh, J.

2000-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

257

The origin of Californias zero emission vehicle mandate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industry in California, combined to make the idea of mandating (electric) zero emission vehiclesIndustry felt that CARB had not seriously addressed the question of the commercial viability of electric vehicles.

Sperling, Dan; Collantes, Gustavo O

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Motor Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Motor Vehicle Fuel Promotion An eight member Natural Gas Fuel Board (Board) was created to advise the

259

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Overview  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Overview 1. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Overview 1.1 Total emissions Total U.S. anthropogenic (human-caused) greenhouse gas emissions in 2009 were 5.8 percent below the 2008 total (Table 1). The decline in total emissions-from 6,983 million metric tons carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2e) in 2008 to 6,576 MMTCO2e in 2009-was the largest since emissions have been tracked over the 1990-2009 time frame. It was largely the result of a 419-MMTCO2e drop in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions (7.1 percent). There was a small increase of 7 MMTCO2e (0.9 percent) in methane (CH4) emissions, and an increase of 8 MMTCO2e (4.9 percent), based on partial data, in emissions of man-made gases with high global warming potentials (high-GWP gases). (Draft estimates for emissions of HFC and PFC

260

Gas Mileage of 2010 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Ford Vehicles 0 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2010 Ford Crown Victoria FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2010 Ford Crown Victoria FFV Gas 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway E85 12 City 14 Combined 17 Highway 2010 Ford Edge AWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Ford Edge AWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 19 Combined 23 Highway 2010 Ford Edge FWD 6 cyl, 3.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Ford Edge FWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 20 Combined 25 Highway 2010 Ford Escape 4WD 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Ford Escape 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 20 City 22 Combined 26 Highway 2010 Ford Escape 4WD FFV 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Gas Mileage of 2008 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Mercury Vehicles 8 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2008 Mercury Grand Marquis FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2008 Mercury Grand Marquis FFV Gas 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2008 Mercury Mariner 4WD 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Mercury Mariner 4WD 19 City 21 Combined 24 Highway 2008 Mercury Mariner 4WD 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Mercury Mariner 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 19 Combined 22 Highway 2008 Mercury Mariner FWD 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Mercury Mariner FWD 20 City 22 Combined 26 Highway 2008 Mercury Mariner FWD 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Mercury Mariner FWD

262

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Ford Vehicles 2 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2012 Ford E150 Van FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Ford E150 Van FFV Gas 13 City 15 Combined 17 Highway E85 9 City 10 Combined 12 Highway 2012 Ford E150 Van FFV 8 cyl, 5.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Ford E150 Van FFV Gas 12 City 14 Combined 16 Highway E85 9 City 10 Combined 12 Highway 2012 Ford E150 Wagon FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Ford E150 Wagon FFV Gas 13 City 14 Combined 16 Highway E85 9 City 10 Combined 12 Highway 2012 Ford E150 Wagon FFV 8 cyl, 5.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Ford E150 Wagon FFV Gas 12 City 13 Combined 16 Highway E85 9 City 10 Combined 12 Highway 2012 Ford E250 Van FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85

263

Gas Mileage of 2014 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Ford Vehicles 4 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2014 Ford E150 Van FFV 8 cyl, 5.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2014 Ford E150 Van FFV Gas 12 City 14 Combined 16 Highway E85 9 City 10 Combined 12 Highway 2014 Ford E150 Van FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2014 Ford E150 Van FFV Gas 13 City 15 Combined 16 Highway E85 10 City 11 Combined 12 Highway 2014 Ford E150 Wagon FFV 8 cyl, 5.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2014 Ford E150 Wagon FFV Gas 12 City 13 Combined 16 Highway E85 9 City 10 Combined 12 Highway 2014 Ford E150 Wagon FFV 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2014 Ford E150 Wagon FFV Gas 13 City 14 Combined 16 Highway E85 9 City 10 Combined 12 Highway 2014 Ford E250 Van FFV 8 cyl, 5.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85

264

Black Carbon Concentrations and Diesel Vehicle Emission Factors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black Carbon Concentrations and Diesel Vehicle Emission Factors Derived from Coefficient of Haze Measurements in California: 1967-2003 Title Black Carbon Concentrations and Diesel...

265

Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Control R&D The Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports research and development of aftertreatment technologies to control advanced combustion engine exhaust emissions. All...

266

An empirical analysis on the adoption of alternative fuel vehicles:The case of natural gas vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

579594. IANGV, 1997. Natural Gas Vehicle Industry Positionmarket penetration of natural gas vehicles in Switzerland.of NGVs versus number of natural gas refueling stations in

Yeh, Sonia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption

268

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Tax Credit Effective January 1, 2014, individual and entities that place into service

269

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Title Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Kean, Andrew J., David Littlejohn, George Ban-Weiss, Robert A. Harley, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, and Melissa M. Lunden Journal Atmospheric Environment Abstract Motor vehicle emissions of ammonia have been measured at a California highway tunnel in the San Francisco Bay area. Between 1999 and 2006, light-duty vehicle ammonia emissions decreased by 38 ± 6%, from 640 ± 40 to 400 ± 20 mg kg-1. High time resolution measurements of ammonia made in summer 2001 at the same location indicate a minimum in ammonia emissions correlated with slower-speed driving conditions. Variations in ammonia emission rates track changes in carbon monoxide more closely than changes in nitrogen oxides, especially during later evening hours when traffic speeds are highest. Analysis of remote sensing data of Burgard et al. (Environ Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 7018-7022) indicates relationships between ammonia and vehicle model year, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide. Ammonia emission rates from diesel trucks were difficult to measure in the tunnel setting due to the large contribution to ammonia concentrations in a mixed-traffic bore that were assigned to light-duty vehicle emissions. Nevertheless, it is clear that heavy-duty diesel trucks are a minor source of ammonia emissions compared to light-duty gasoline vehicles.

270

Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NGNGV) Program Brochure  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's Office of Transportation Technologies is initiating the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NGNGV) Program to develop commercially viable medium- and heavy-duty natural gas vehicles. These new vehicles will incorporate advanced alternative fuel vehicle technologies that were developed by DOE and others.

Elling, J.

2000-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

271

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ryder Opens Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ryder Opens Natural Ryder Opens Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance Facility to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ryder Opens Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance Facility on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ryder Opens Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance Facility on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ryder Opens Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance Facility on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ryder Opens Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance Facility on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ryder Opens Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance Facility on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ryder Opens Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance Facility on AddThis.com... June 28, 2011 Ryder Opens Natural Gas Vehicle Maintenance Facility

272

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on AddThis.com...

273

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Feasibility Evaluation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

274

Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2013 Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forum 2013 Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2013 Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology...

275

Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2013 Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forum 2013 Meeting Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Form (NGVTF) logo The Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum (NGVTF) will hold a meeting for stakeholders on Oct. 22-23, 2013, at...

276

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on AddThis.com...

277

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fail to meet this demand, the most likely alternatives will be heavy oil, oil sands, oil shale, and liquids from natural gas and coal. These are carbon-intensive fuels that would...

278

Vehicle Technologies Office: Emission Control R&D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emission Control R&D Emission Control R&D The Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports research and development of aftertreatment technologies to control advanced combustion engine exhaust emissions. All engines that enter the vehicle market must comply with the Environmental Protection Agency's emissions regulations. Harmful pollutants in these emissions include: Carbon monoxide Nitrogen oxides Unburned hydrocarbons Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) Particulate matter The energy required for emission control often reduces vehicle fuel economy and increases vehicle cost. VTO's Emission Control R&D focuses on developing efficient, durable, low-cost emission control systems that complement new combustion strategies while minimizing efficiency losses. VTO often leverages the national laboratories' unique capabilities and facilities to conduct this research.

279

Gas Mileage of 2003 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Dodge Vehicles 3 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2003 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2003 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 25 Highway 2003 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2003 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 23 Highway 2003 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD 6 cyl, 3.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2003 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 17 City 20 Combined 24 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2003 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan AWD 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

280

The impact of electric vehicles on CO[sub 2] emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A number of recent studies have examined the greenhouse gas emissions of various light duty vehicle alternatives in some detail. These studies have highlighted the extreme range of predicted net greenhouse gas emissions depending on scenarios for fuel types, vehicle and power generation efficiencies, the relative greenhouse contributions of emitted gases and a number of uncertainties in fuel chain efficiencies. Despite the potential range of results, most studies have confirmed that electric vehicles generally have significant potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions relative to gasoline and most alternative fuels under consideration. This report summarizes the results of a study which builds on previous efforts with a particular emphasis on: (1) A detailed analysis of ICEV, FCV, and EV vehicle technology and electric power generation technology. Most previous transportation greenhouse studies have focused on characterization of fuel chains that have relatively high efficiency (65--85%) when compared with power generation (30--40%) and vehicle driveline (13--16%) efficiencies. (2) A direct comparison of EVs, FCVs with gasoline and dedicated alternative fuel, ICEVs using equivalent vehicle technology assumptions with careful attention to likely technology improvements in both types of vehicles. (3) Consideration of fuel cell vehicles and associated hydrogen infrastructure. (4) Extension of analyses for several decades to assess the prospects for EVs with a longer term prospective.

Bentley, J.M.; Teagan, P.; Walls, D.; Balles, E.; Parish, T. (Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The impact of electric vehicles on CO{sub 2} emissions. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A number of recent studies have examined the greenhouse gas emissions of various light duty vehicle alternatives in some detail. These studies have highlighted the extreme range of predicted net greenhouse gas emissions depending on scenarios for fuel types, vehicle and power generation efficiencies, the relative greenhouse contributions of emitted gases and a number of uncertainties in fuel chain efficiencies. Despite the potential range of results, most studies have confirmed that electric vehicles generally have significant potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions relative to gasoline and most alternative fuels under consideration. This report summarizes the results of a study which builds on previous efforts with a particular emphasis on: (1) A detailed analysis of ICEV, FCV, and EV vehicle technology and electric power generation technology. Most previous transportation greenhouse studies have focused on characterization of fuel chains that have relatively high efficiency (65--85%) when compared with power generation (30--40%) and vehicle driveline (13--16%) efficiencies. (2) A direct comparison of EVs, FCVs with gasoline and dedicated alternative fuel, ICEVs using equivalent vehicle technology assumptions with careful attention to likely technology improvements in both types of vehicles. (3) Consideration of fuel cell vehicles and associated hydrogen infrastructure. (4) Extension of analyses for several decades to assess the prospects for EVs with a longer term prospective.

Bentley, J.M.; Teagan, P.; Walls, D.; Balles, E.; Parish, T. [Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Natural Gas Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations (Brochure)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document lists codes and standards typically used for U.S. natural gas vehicle and infrastructure projects.

Not Available

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in South Dakota (Million Cubic Feet) Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers...

284

Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Connecticut) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Connecticut) Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Connecticut) Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Climate Policies Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection

285

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Act (Maryland) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reduction Act (Maryland) Reduction Act (Maryland) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Act (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maryland Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Maryland Department of the Environment The Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Act requires the Department of the Environment to publish and update an inventory of statewide greenhouse gas emissions for calendar year 2006 and requires the State to reduce statewide

286

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #783: June 10, 2013 Emissions...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conventional Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles Gasoline 220 Diesel 210 Natural Gas 200 Corn Ethanol (E85) 170 Cellulosic E85 66 Cellulosic Gasoline 76 Gasoline 170 Hybrid...

287

Fuel and emission impacts of heavy hybrid vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid powertrains for certain heavy vehicles may improve fuel economy and reduce emissions. Of particular interest are commercial vehicles, typically in Classes 3-6, that travel in urban areas. Hybrid strategies and associated energy/emissions benefits for these classes of vehicles could be significantly different from those for passenger cars. A preliminary analysis has been conducted to investigate the energy and emissions performance of Class 3 and 6 medium-duty trucks and Class 6 school buses under eight different test cycles. Three elements are associated with this analysis: (1) establish baseline fuel consumption and emission scenario's from selected, representative baseline vehicles and driving schedules; (2) identify sources of energy inefficiency from baseline technology vehicles; and (3) assess maximum and practical potentials for energy savings and emissions reductions associated with heavy vehicle hybridization under real-world driving conditions. Our analysis excludes efficiency gains associated with such other measures as vehicle weight reduction and air resistance reduction, because such measures would also benefit conventional technology vehicles. Our research indicates that fuel economy and emission benefits of hybridization can be very sensitive to different test cycles. We conclude that, on the basis of present-day technology, the potential fuel economy gains average about 60-75% for Class 3 medium-duty trucks and 35% for Class 6 school buses. The fuel economy gains can be higher in the future, as hybrid technology continues to improve. The practical emissions reduction potentials associated with vehicle hybridization are significant as well.

An, F.; Eberhardt, J. J.; Stodolsky, F.

1999-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

288

Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2011 Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Meeting to someone by E-mail 1 Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2011 Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2011 Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2011 Meeting on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2011 Meeting on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2011 Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2011 Meeting on AddThis.com... Goals & Accomplishments Partnerships National Clean Fleets Partnership National Parks Initiative Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Training Program Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Natural Gas Transit & School Bus Users Group

289

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Electricity and Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Clean Vehicle Clean Vehicle Electricity and Natural Gas Rate Reduction - PG&E to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Electricity and Natural Gas Rate Reduction - PG&E on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Electricity and Natural Gas Rate Reduction - PG&E on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Electricity and Natural Gas Rate Reduction - PG&E on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Electricity and Natural Gas Rate Reduction - PG&E on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Electricity and Natural Gas Rate Reduction - PG&E on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Electricity and Natural Gas Rate Reduction - PG&E on AddThis.com...

290

Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2012 Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Meeting to someone by E-mail 2 Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2012 Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2012 Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2012 Meeting on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2012 Meeting on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2012 Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2012 Meeting on AddThis.com... Goals & Accomplishments Partnerships National Clean Fleets Partnership National Parks Initiative Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Training Program Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Natural Gas Transit & School Bus Users Group

291

Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2014 Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About About Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2014 Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2014 Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2014 Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2014 Meeting on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2014 Meeting on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2014 Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2014 Meeting on AddThis.com... Goals & Accomplishments Partnerships National Clean Fleets Partnership National Parks Initiative Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Training Program

292

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

(NGV) and Infrastructure Rebate - Oklahoma Natural Gas to someone by E-mail (NGV) and Infrastructure Rebate - Oklahoma Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Rebate - Oklahoma Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Rebate - Oklahoma Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Rebate - Oklahoma Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Rebate - Oklahoma Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Rebate - Oklahoma Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas

293

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Chevrolet Vehicles 2 Chevrolet Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2012 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD Gas 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2012 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD Gas 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2012 Chevrolet Camaro 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Chevrolet Camaro View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 22 Combined 29 Highway 2012 Chevrolet Camaro 8 cyl, 6.2 L, Manual 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Chevrolet Camaro 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 2012 Chevrolet Camaro 8 cyl, 6.2 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gasoline

294

Gas Mileage of 2010 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Chevrolet Vehicles 10 Chevrolet Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2010 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2010 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD Gas 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway E85 11 City 13 Combined 16 Highway 2010 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 6.2 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2010 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD Gas 12 City 14 Combined 19 Highway E85 9 City 11 Combined 14 Highway 2010 Chevrolet Aveo 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Chevrolet Aveo View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 25 City 28 Combined 34 Highway 2010 Chevrolet Aveo 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2010 Chevrolet Aveo 27 City 30 Combined 35 Highway 2010 Chevrolet Aveo 5 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

295

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: MOVES (Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MOVES (Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator) MOVES (Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator) Project Summary Full Title: MOVES (Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator) Previous Title(s): New Generation Mobile Source Emissions Model (NGM) Project ID: 179 Principal Investigator: Margo Oge Brief Description: Estimates emissions for on-road and nonroad sources, multiple pollutants, fine-scale analysis to national inventory estimation. Keywords: Vehicle; transportation; emissions Purpose Estimate emissions for on-road and nonroad sources, cover a broad range of pollutants, and allow multiple scale analysis, from fine-scale analysis to national inventory estimation. When fully implemented MOVES will serve as the replacement for MOBILE. Performer Principal Investigator: Margo Oge Organization: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

296

National Center for Vehicle Emissions Control and Safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Center for Vehicle Emissions Control and Safety Emissions-related research and outreach Sensing · Federal Test Procedures Laboratory · Light Duty Vehicles Capability · Engineering studies for kit & parts manufacturers · After-market devices and fuel additives testing · Testing of international

297

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Saab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Saab Vehicles 2 Saab Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2012 Saab 9-3 Convertible 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Saab 9-3 Convertible Gas 18 City 22 Combined 28 Highway E85 13 City 16 Combined 21 Highway 2012 Saab 9-3 Convertible 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Saab 9-3 Convertible Gas 20 City 25 Combined 33 Highway E85 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2012 Saab 9-3 Sedan AWD 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Saab 9-3 Sedan AWD 18 City 22 Combined 29 Highway 2012 Saab 9-3 Sedan AWD 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2012 Saab 9-3 Sedan AWD 20 City 24 Combined 30 Highway 2012 Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2012 Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan Gas 19

298

Shale gas production: potential versus actual greenhouse gas emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from shale gas production and use are controversial. Here we assess the level of GHG emissions from shale gas well hydraulic fracturing operations in the United States during ...

OSullivan, Francis Martin

299

Efficiency Improvement Opportunities for Light-Duty Natural-Gas-Fueled Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to evaluate and make recommendations concerning technologies that promise to improve the efilciency of compressed natural gas (CNG) light-duty vehicles. Technical targets for CNG automotive technology given in the March 1998 OffIce of Advanced Automotive Technologies research and development plan were used as guidance for this effort. The technical target that necessitates this current study is to validate technologies that enable CNG light vehicles to have at least 10% greater - fuel economy (on a miles per gallon equivalent basis) than equivalent gasoline vehicles by 2006. Other tar- gets important to natural gas (NG) automotive technology and this study are to: (1) increase CNG vehicle range to 380 miles, (2) reduce the incremental vehicle cost (CNG vs gasoline) to $1500, and (3) meet the California ultra low-emission vehicle (ULEV) and Federal Tier 2 emission standards expected to be in effect in 2004.

Staunton, R.H.; Thomas, J.F.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Home Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Home Fueling Infrastructure Incentive - South Coast to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Home Fueling Infrastructure Incentive - South Coast on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Home Fueling Infrastructure Incentive - South Coast on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Home Fueling Infrastructure Incentive - South Coast on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Home Fueling Infrastructure Incentive - South Coast on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Home Fueling Infrastructure Incentive - South Coast on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.epa.gov/otaq/models/moves/index.htm Cost: Free Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/motor-vehicle-emission-simulator-move Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation References: http://www.epa.gov/otaq/models/moves/index.htm Intended to replace MOBILE6, NONROAD, and NMIM. Estimates energy consumption emissions from highway vehicles from 1999-2050 and accounts for

302

Gas Mileage of 2009 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Chevrolet Vehicles 9 Chevrolet Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2009 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2009 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 14 City 16 Combined 20 Highway 2009 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 6.0 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2009 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 14 City 16 Combined 19 Highway 2009 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2009 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD Gas 14 City 16 Combined 20 Highway E85 10 City 12 Combined 15 Highway 2009 Chevrolet Aveo 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2009 Chevrolet Aveo View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 25 City 28 Combined 34 Highway 2009 Chevrolet Aveo 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

303

Gas Mileage of 2014 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Dodge Vehicles 4 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2014 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2014 Dodge Avenger 21 City 24 Combined 30 Highway 2014 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2014 Dodge Avenger 20 City 24 Combined 31 Highway 2014 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2014 Dodge Avenger Gas 19 City 22 Combined 29 Highway E85 14 City 16 Combined 21 Highway 2014 Dodge Challenger 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 5-spd, Midgrade Gasoline Compare 2014 Dodge Challenger 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2014 Dodge Challenger 8 cyl, 5.7 L, Automatic 5-spd, Midgrade Gasoline Compare 2014 Dodge Challenger 15 City 18 Combined 25 Highway 2014 Dodge Challenger 8 cyl, 5.7 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline

304

Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emissions Emissions Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 10:12am Addthis Federal agencies should establish planned changes in operations that could have a substantial impact on emissions for each greenhouse gas (GHG) emission source: Buildings Vehicles and mobile equipment Business travel Employee commuting. Such changes could represent either an additional significant hurdle to overcome or a significant reduction in the effort required to drive emissions down-in the absence of any direct GHG mitigation reduction strategies. This will help each organization establish its "business as usual" emission profile in 2020, the year agencies are expected to meet their Scope 1 and 2 and Scope 3 GHG emission-reduction goals.

305

Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emissions Profile Emissions Profile Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Profile October 7, 2013 - 10:14am Addthis Evaluating a Federal agency's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions profile means getting a solid understanding of the organization's largest emission categories, largest emission sources, and its potential for improvement: Buildings Vehicles and mobile equipment Business travel Employee commuting. While the data required for annual GHG reporting are sufficient to establish an agency's overall emission inventory, these data are not typically enough information for effectively managing emissions. A detailed, bottom-up assessment can provide the foundation for much more robust Strategic Sustainability Performance Plans. Because detailed analyses of all assets can be time-intensive, strategic planning helps the

306

Natural Gas Vehicles: Status, Barriers, and Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ESD/10-4 ESD/10-4 Natural Gas Vehicles: Status, Barriers, and Opportunities Energy Systems Division About Argonne National Laboratory Argonne is a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357. The Laboratory's main facility is outside Chicago, at 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439. For information about Argonne and its pioneering science and technology programs, see www.anl.gov.

307

Gas Mileage of 2008 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Chevrolet Vehicles 8 Chevrolet Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2008 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 14 City 16 Combined 20 Highway 2008 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 6.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 12 City 14 Combined 17 Highway 2008 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2008 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Gas 14 City 16 Combined 20 Highway E85 11 City 12 Combined 15 Highway 2008 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD 8 cyl, 6.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD 12 City 14 Combined 17 Highway 2008 Chevrolet Avalanche 1500 4WD 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85

308

Gas Mileage of 2014 Vehicles by GMC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 GMC Vehicles 4 GMC Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2014 GMC Acadia AWD 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2014 GMC Acadia AWD 16 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2014 GMC Acadia FWD 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2014 GMC Acadia FWD 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 2014 GMC Savana 1500 AWD (cargo) 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2014 GMC Savana 1500 AWD (cargo) Gas 13 City 14 Combined 17 Highway E85 10 City 11 Combined 12 Highway 2014 GMC Savana 1500 AWD Conversion (cargo) 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2014 GMC Savana 1500 AWD Conversion (cargo) Gas 13 City 14 Combined 17 Highway E85 9 City 10 Combined 12 Highway 2014 GMC Savana 1500 2WD (Passenger) 8 cyl, 5.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gas or E85

309

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Dodge Vehicles 3 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Dodge Avenger Gas 19 City 22 Combined 29 Highway E85 14 City 16 Combined 21 Highway 2013 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 20 City 23 Combined 31 Highway 2013 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Dodge Avenger 21 City 24 Combined 29 Highway 2013 Dodge Challenger 8 cyl, 5.7 L, Automatic 5-spd, Midgrade Gasoline Compare 2013 Dodge Challenger 16 City 19 Combined 25 Highway 2013 Dodge Challenger 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Dodge Challenger 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2013 Dodge Challenger 8 cyl, 5.7 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline

310

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Cadillac  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Cadillac Vehicles 3 Cadillac Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Cadillac ATS 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Cadillac ATS View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 22 City 26 Combined 33 Highway 2013 Cadillac ATS 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gas or E85 Compare 2013 Cadillac ATS Gas 19 City 22 Combined 28 Highway E85 14 City 16 Combined 21 Highway 2013 Cadillac ATS 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Cadillac ATS 19 City 22 Combined 28 Highway 2013 Cadillac ATS 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Cadillac ATS 21 City 24 Combined 31 Highway 2013 Cadillac ATS 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Cadillac ATS 19 City 23 Combined 30 Highway 2013 Cadillac ATS AWD 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic (S6), Regular Gasoline

311

Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Augustin J et al. Automated gas chromatographic system forof the atmospheric trace gases methane, carbon dioxide, andfuel consumption and of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from

Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Vehicle Technologies Office: Just the Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Plug-in Electric Vehicles Ethanol Fuel Cells Hydrogen Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) Natural Gas Particulate Matter Vehicle Emissions Contacts | Web Site Policies | U.S....

313

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Conversion Loans - Allegiance Credit Union on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed

314

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Transport or  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transport or Transport or Mobil Sources Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Transport or Mobil Sources Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute, World Business Council for Sustainable Development Sector: Energy, Climate Focus Area: Transportation, Greenhouse Gas Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.ghgprotocol.org/calculation-tools/all-tools Cost: Free The Greenhouse Gas Protocol tool for mobile combustion is a free Excel spreadsheet calculator designed to calculate GHG emissions specifically from mobile combustion sources, including vehicles under the direct control

315

Shale gas production: potential versus actual greenhouse gas emissions*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shale gas production: potential versus actual greenhouse gas emissions* Francis O Environ. Res. Lett. 7 (2012) 044030 (6pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044030 Shale gas production: potential gas (GHG) emissions from shale gas production and use are controversial. Here we assess the level

316

Utah Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Utah Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

317

Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NGNGV) Program Fact Sheet  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet describing U. S. DOE and NREL's development of next generation natural gas vehicles (NGVs) as a key element in its strategy to reduce oil import and vehicle pollutants.

Walkowicz, K.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Illinois Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Illinois Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 25 23 25...

319

California Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

320

Ohio Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Colorado Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

322

Vermont Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Vermont Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

323

Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

324

Arkansas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

325

Iowa Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Iowa Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

326

Tennessee Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Tennessee Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

327

Virginia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Virginia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

328

Illinois Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Illinois Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

329

Massachusetts Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Massachusetts Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

330

Florida Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Florida Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

331

Mississippi Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

332

Arizona Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Arizona Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

333

Montana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Montana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

334

Oklahoma Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

335

Wisconsin Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wisconsin Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

336

Connecticut Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Connecticut Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

337

Nevada Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

338

Wyoming Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wyoming Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

339

Indiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Indiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

340

Maryland Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Maryland Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Kansas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kansas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

342

Oregon Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Oregon Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

343

Nebraska Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Nebraska Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

344

Georgia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Georgia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

345

Washington Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Washington Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

346

Missouri Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Missouri Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

347

Louisiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

348

Delaware Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Delaware Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

349

Alabama Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

350

Kentucky Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

351

Michigan Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

352

Idaho Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Idaho Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

353

New Mexico Natural Gas % of Total Vehicle Fuel Deliveries (Percent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Deliveries (Percent) New Mexico Natural Gas % of Total Vehicle Fuel Deliveries (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

354

New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

355

Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

356

Alternative Fuel Vehicles: The Case of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles in California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbon dioxide emissions and subsequent potential effect on climate change, they do have significant advantages over traditional gasoline fueled vehicles, all other factors

Abbanat, Brian A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

DOE/BNL Liquid Natural Gas Heavy Vehicle Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As a means of lowering greenhouse gas emissions, increasing economic growth, and reducing the dependency on imported oil, the Department of Energy and Brookhaven National Laboratory (DOE/ BNL) is promoting the substitution of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in heavy-vehicles that are currently being fueled by diesel. Heavy vehicles are defined as Class 7 and 8 trucks (> 118,000 pounds GVVV), and transit buses that have a fuel usage greater than 10,000 gallons per year and driving range of more than 300 miles. The key in making LNG market-competitive with all types of diesel fuels is in improving energy efficiency and reducing costs of LNG technologies through systems integration. This paper integrates together the three LNG technologies of: (1) production from landfills and remote well sites; (2) cryogenic fuel delivery systems; and (3) state-of-the-art storage tank and refueling facilities, with market end-use strategies. The program's goal is to develop these technologies and strategies under a ''green'' and ''clean'' strategy. This ''green'' approach reduces the net contribution of global warming gases by reducing levels of methane and carbon dioxide released by heavy vehicles usage to below recoverable amounts of natural gas from landfills and other natural resources. Clean technology refers to efficient use of energy with low environmental emissions. The objective of the program is to promote fuel competition by having LNG priced between $0.40 - $0.50 per gallon with a combined production, fuel delivery and engine systems efficiency approaching 45%. This can make LNG a viable alternative to diesel.

James E. Wegrzyn; Wai-Lin Litzke; Michael Gurevich

1998-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

358

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) to someone by E-mail Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle Loans - Communication Federal Credit Union (CFCU) on AddThis.com...

359

Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2005 Meeting and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2005 Meeting and Presentations to someone by E-mail 2005 Meeting and Presentations to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2005 Meeting and Presentations on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2005 Meeting and Presentations on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2005 Meeting and Presentations on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2005 Meeting and Presentations on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2005 Meeting and Presentations on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2005 Meeting and Presentations on AddThis.com... Goals & Accomplishments Partnerships National Clean Fleets Partnership National Parks Initiative

360

Natural Gas Vehicle Incentive Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Incentive Program Natural Gas Vehicle Incentive Program Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Natural Gas Vehicle Incentive Program Agency/Company /Organization: Natural Gas Vehicles for America Focus Area: Standards - Incentives - Policies - Regulations Topics: Best Practices Website: www.emisstar.com/docs_and_pdfs/070709_NGV_fullreport NGVAmerica engaged Emisstar LLC to develop a streamlined and efficient natural gas vehicle incentive program to promote and accelerate the replacement of older diesel trucks with new natural gas vehicles. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Shift - Change to low-carbon modes Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies Learn more about the avoid, shift, improve framework for limiting air

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2010 Meeting and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Meeting and Presentations to someone by E-mail 10 Meeting and Presentations to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2010 Meeting and Presentations on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2010 Meeting and Presentations on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2010 Meeting and Presentations on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2010 Meeting and Presentations on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2010 Meeting and Presentations on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2010 Meeting and Presentations on AddThis.com... Goals & Accomplishments Partnerships National Clean Fleets Partnership National Parks Initiative

362

Gasoline-fueled hybrid vs. conventional vehicle emissions and fuel economy.  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the relative fuel economy and emissions behavior, both measured and modeled, of technically comparable, contemporary hybrid and conventional vehicles fueled by gasoline, in terms of different driving cycles. Criteria pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides) are discussed, and the potential emissions benefits of designing hybrids for grid connection are briefly considered. In 1997, Toyota estimated that their grid-independent hybrid vehicle would obtain twice the fuel economy of a comparable conventional vehicle on the Japan 10/15 mode driving cycle. This initial result, as well as the fuel economy level (66 mpg), made its way into the U.S. press. Criteria emissions amounting to one-tenth of Japanese standards were cited, and some have interpreted these results to suggest that the grid-independent hybrid can reduce criteria emissions in the U.S. more sharply than can a conventional gasoline vehicle. This paper shows that the potential of contemporary grid-independent hybrid vehicle technology for reducing emissions and fuel consumption under U.S. driving conditions is less than some have inferred. The importance (and difficulty) of doing test and model assessments with comparable driving cycles, comparable emissions control technology, and comparable performance capabilities is emphasized. Compared with comparable-technology conventional vehicles, grid-independent hybrids appear to have no clear criteria pollutant benefits (or disbenefits). (Such benefits are clearly possible with grid-connectable hybrids operating in zero emissions mode.) However, significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions (i.e., fuel consumption) are possible with hybrid vehicles when they are used to best advantage.

Anderson, J.; Bharathan, D.; He, J.; Plotkin, S.; Santini, D.; Vyas, A.

1999-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

363

Testing hybrid electric vehicle emissions and fuel economy at the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

From June 12--20, 1994, an engineering design competition called the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Challenge was held in Southfield, Michigan. This collegiate-level competition, which involved 36 colleges and universities from across North America, challenged the teams to build a superior HEV. One component of this comprehensive competition was the emissions event. Special HEV testing procedures were developed for the competition to find vehicle emissions and correct for battery state-of-charge while fitting into event time constraints. Although there were some problems with a newly-developed data acquisition system, they were able to get a full profile of the best performing vehicles as well as other vehicles that represent typical levels of performance from the rest of the field. This paper will explain the novel test procedures, present the emissions and fuel economy results, and provide analysis of second-by-second data for several vehicles.

Duoba, M.; Quong, S.; LeBlanc, N.; Larsen, R.P.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Demo Projects Introduce New Class of Natural Gas Vehicles (Fact...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

address technical and marketplace barriers. With the United States' wealth of natural gas reserves, vehicles powered using this plentiful domestic resource are important...

365

Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum Technical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Winter 2003) to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum Technical Committee Meeting (Winter 2003) on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Natural...

366

Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gas volumes delivered for use as vehicle fuel are included in the State annual totals through 2009 but not in ... electric power price data are for regulated ...

367

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011...

368

Trends in on-road vehicle emissions of ammonia  

SciTech Connect

Motor vehicle emissions of ammonia have been measured at a California highway tunnel in the San Francisco Bay area. Between 1999 and 2006, light-duty vehicle ammonia emissions decreased by 38 {+-} 6%, from 640 {+-} 40 to 400 {+-} 20 mg kg{sup -1}. High time resolution measurements of ammonia made in summer 2001 at the same location indicate a minimum in ammonia emissions correlated with slower-speed driving conditions. Variations in ammonia emission rates track changes in carbon monoxide more closely than changes in nitrogen oxides, especially during later evening hours when traffic speeds are highest. Analysis of remote sensing data of Burgard et al. (Environ Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 7018-7022) indicates relationships between ammonia and vehicle model year, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide. Ammonia emission rates from diesel trucks were difficult to measure in the tunnel setting due to the large contribution to ammonia concentrations in a mixed-traffic bore that were assigned to light-duty vehicle emissions. Nevertheless, it is clear that heavy-duty diesel trucks are a minor source of ammonia emissions compared to light-duty gasoline vehicles.

Kean, A.J.; Littlejohn, D.; Ban-Weiss, G.A.; Harley, R.A.; Kirchstetter, T.W.; Lunden, M. M.

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Inhalation of motor vehicle emissions: effects of urban population and land area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M.A. , 1996. Total cost of motor-vehicle use. Access 8, 7-Urban density and inhalation of motor vehicle emissions JDof primary pollutants: motor vehicle emissions in the South

Marshall, J D; McKone, T E; Deakin, E; Nazaroff, William W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Inhalation of motor vehicle emissions: effects of urban population and land area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M.A. , 1996. Total cost of motor-vehicle use. Access 8,of ammonia and other motor vehicle exhaust emissions.and engine load on motor vehicle emissions. Environmental

Marshall, Julian D.; McKone, Thomas E.; Deakin, Elizabeth; Nazaroff, William W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Natural Gas Vehicle Cost Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natural Gas Vehicle Cost Calculator Natural Gas Vehicle Cost Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Natural Gas Vehicle Cost Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Phase: "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property. User Interface: Website Website: www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/vehicles/natural_gas_calculator.html Determine the costs to acquire and use a Natural Gas Vehicle (Honda Civic GX) as compared to a conventional vehicle.

372

Final report for the Advanced Natural Gas Vehicle Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The project objective was to develop the technologies necessary to prototype a dedicated compressed natural gas (CNG) powered, mid-size automobile with operational capabilities comparable to gasoline automobiles. A system approach was used to design and develop the engine, gas storage system and vehicle packaging. The 2.4-liter DOHC engine was optimized for natural gas operation with high-compression pistons, hardened exhaust valves, a methane-specific catalytic converter and multi-point gaseous injection. The chassis was repackaging to increase space for fuel storage with a custom-designed, cast-aluminum, semi-trailing arm rear suspension system, a revised flat trunk sheet-metal floorpan and by equipping the car with run-flat tires. An Integrated Storage system (ISS) was developed using all-composite, small-diameter cylinders encapsulated within a high-strength fiberglass shell with impact-absorbing foam. The prototypes achieved the target goals of a city/highway driving range of 300 miles, ample trunk capacity, gasoline vehicle performance and ultra low exhaust emissions.

John Wozniak

1999-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

373

Correlation of I/M240 and FTP emissions for Alternative Motor Fuels Act test vehicles  

SciTech Connect

The National Remewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is managing a series of light duty vehicle chasis dynamometer chasis tests on alternative fuel vehicles for the US Department of Energy (DOE). This testing program is part of a larger demonstration of alternative fuel vehicles that was mandated by the Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988 (AMFA). In Phase I of the AMFA emissions test program (AMFA I) 18 vehicles were tested by three laboratories. All the vehicles tested were 1991 model year. In Phase II of the program (AMFA II), the number of vehicles was increased to nearly 300, including M85 Dodge Spirits, E85 Chevrolet Luminas, and compressed natural gas Dodge passenger vans. Phase II testing includes a Federal Test Procedure (FTP) test, followed by two of the EPA`s Inspection/Maintenance (I/M240) tests. It is concluded that the I/M240 test is not an appropriate comparison to the FTP. Further the I/M 240 test is not as reliable as the FTP in estimating the `real world` emissions of these relatively low emission vehicles. 7 refs., 10 figs., 8 tabs.

Kelly, K.J.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Impact of Heavy Duty Vehicle Emissions Reductions on Global Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of a specified set of emissions reductions from heavy duty vehicles on climate change is calculated using the MAGICC 5.3 climate model. The integrated impact of the following emissions changes are considered: CO2, CH4, N2O, VOC, NOx, and SO2. This brief summarizes the assumptions and methods used for this calculation.

Calvin, Katherine V.; Thomson, Allison M.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: A Study of the Policy Process, 1990-2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

petroleum gas, compressed natural gas, electricity, and to supply compressed natural gas and electricity though.category are compressed natural gas vehicles, hydrogen

Collantes, Gustavo O

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Modeling of Future-Year Emissions Control Scenarios for the Lower Fraser Valley: Impacts of Natural Gas and Propane Vehicle Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The MC2CALGRID photochemical modeling system is used to simulate the impact of two fuel substitution scenarios on ozone levels for a future year in the Lower Fraser Valley of British Columbia, Canada. The relative impacts of selected natural gas ...

M. Hedley; W. Jiang; R. McLaren; D. L. Singleton

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Nitrous Oxide Emissions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. Nitrous Oxide Emissions 4. Nitrous Oxide Emissions 4.1 Total emissions U.S. nitrous oxide emissions in 2009 were 4 MMTCO2e (1.7 percent) below their 2008 total (Table 22). Sources of U.S. nitrous oxide emissions include agriculture, energy use, industrial processes, and waste management (Figure 22). The largest source is agriculture (73 percent), and the majority of agricultural emissions result from nitrogen fertilization of agricultural soils (87 percent of the agriculture total) and management of animal waste (13 percent). U.S. nitrous oxide emissions rose from 1990 to 1994, fell from 1994 to 2002, and returned to an upward trajectory from 2003 to 2007, largely as a result of increased use of synthetic fertilizers. Fertilizers are the primary contributor of emissions from nitrogen fertilization of soils, which grew by more than 30 percent from

378

Vehicle Investment and Operating Costs and Savings for Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Investment and Operating Costs and Savings for Greenhouse Vehicle Investment and Operating Costs and Savings for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Strategies Vehicle Investment and Operating Costs and Savings for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Strategies October 7, 2013 - 1:17pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 4 To help estimate costs of implementing greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation strategies for vehicles, the table below provides the initial investment, operating costs, and operating savings for each strategy. Table 1. Types and Ranges of Initial Investment Requirements and Annual Operating Costs and Savings. Strategies Initial Investment Operating Costs Operating Savings Consolidate trips Time to research & coordinate routes None Eliminate fleet vehicle trips; reduce cost & time (fuel, maintenance, etc) associated with fleet vehicle use. Could result in decreasing inventory & need for vehicles leading to long-term savings

379

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Methane Emissions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Residential wood consumption accounted for just over 45 percent of U.S. methane emissions from stationary combustion in 2009.

380

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2003 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: Fuels and Lubrication, Part 2 Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine with Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) using Oil Sands Derived Fuels Stuart Neill National Research...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

MOBILE6 Vehicle Emission Modeling Software | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MOBILE6 Vehicle Emission Modeling Software MOBILE6 Vehicle Emission Modeling Software Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: MOBILE6 Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.epa.gov/oms/m6.htm Cost: Free References: http://www.epa.gov/oms/m6.htm MOBILE6 is an emission factor model for predicting gram per mile emissions of Hydrocarbons (HC), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Particulate Matter (PM), and toxics from cars, trucks, and motorcycles under various conditions. MOBILE6 is an emission factor model for predicting gram per mile emissions of Hydrocarbons (HC), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Carbon

382

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Carbon Dioxide Emissions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2. Carbon Dioxide Emissions 2. Carbon Dioxide Emissions 2.1. Total carbon dioxide emissions Annual U.S. carbon dioxide emissions fell by 419 million metric tons in 2009 (7.1 percent), to 5,447 million metric tons (Figure 9 and Table 6). The annual decrease-the largest over the 19-year period beginning with the 1990 baseline-puts 2009 emissions 608 million metric tons below the 2005 level, which is the Obama Administration's benchmark year for its goal of reducing U.S. emissions by 17 percent by 2020. The key factors contributing to the decrease in carbon dioxide emissions in 2009 included an economy in recession with a decrease in gross domestic product of 2.6 percent, a decrease in the energy intensity of the economy of 2.2 percent, and a decrease in the carbon intensity of energy supply of

383

An empirical analysis on the adoption of alternative fuel vehicles:The case of natural gas vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

579594. IANGV, 1997. Natural Gas Vehicle Industry Positionmarket penetration of natural gas vehicles in Switzerland.K.M. , 2000. The role of Natural Gas in the Transportation

Yeh, Sonia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

An empirical analysis on the adoption of alternative fuel vehicles:The case of natural gas vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the adoption of natural gas vehicles Policy instrumentsdiesel with natural gas, explicit policies are in place topolicy development for the market penetration of natural gas

Yeh, Sonia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

An empirical analysis on the adoption of alternative fuel vehicles:The case of natural gas vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Bank Seminar: Compressed Natural Gas in New Zealand /implementation of compressed natural gas (CNG) as fuel instudy countries Compressed natural gas vehicles were ?rst

Yeh, Sonia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Vehicle Technologies Office: Combustion and Emission Control  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and fuel formulation to arrive at the most cost-effective approach to optimizing advanced combustion engine efficiency and performance while reducing emissions to near-zero levels....

387

Evaluation of aftermarket fuel delivery systems for natural gas and LPG vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of aftermarket fuel delivery systems for vehicles fueled by compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Most of the CNG and LPG vehicles studied were converted to the alternative fuel after purchase. There are wide variations in the quality of the conversion hardware and the installation. This leads to questions about the overall quality of the converted vehicles, in terms of emissions, safety, and performance. There is a considerable body of emissions data for converted light-duty vehicles, and a smaller amount for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. However, very few of these data involve real world conditions, and there is growing concern about in-use emissions. This report also attempts to assess factors that could allow in-use emissions to vary from the best-case'' results normally reported. The study also addresses issues of fuel supply, fuel composition, performance, safety, and warranty waivers. The report is based on an extensive literature and product survey and on the author's experience with fuel delivery systems for light-duty vehicles.

Willson, B. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States))

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Evaluation of aftermarket fuel delivery systems for natural gas and LPG vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of aftermarket fuel delivery systems for vehicles fueled by compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Most of the CNG and LPG vehicles studied were converted to the alternative fuel after purchase. There are wide variations in the quality of the conversion hardware and the installation. This leads to questions about the overall quality of the converted vehicles, in terms of emissions, safety, and performance. There is a considerable body of emissions data for converted light-duty vehicles, and a smaller amount for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. However, very few of these data involve real world conditions, and there is growing concern about in-use emissions. This report also attempts to assess factors that could allow in-use emissions to vary from the ``best-case`` results normally reported. The study also addresses issues of fuel supply, fuel composition, performance, safety, and warranty waivers. The report is based on an extensive literature and product survey and on the author`s experience with fuel delivery systems for light-duty vehicles.

Willson, B. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Evaluation of aftermarket fuel delivery systems for natural gas and LPG vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of aftermarket fuel delivery systems for vehicles fueled by compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Most of the CNG and LPG vehicles studied were converted to the alternative fuel after purchase. There are wide variations in the quality of the conversion hardware and the installation. This leads to questions about the overall quality of the converted vehicles, in terms of emissions, safety, and performance. There is a considerable body of emissions data for converted light-duty vehicles, and a smaller amount for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. However, very few of these data involve real world conditions, and there is growing concern about in-use emissions. This report also attempts to assess factors that could allow in-use emissions to vary from the best-case'' results normally reported. The study also addresses issues of fuel supply, fuel composition, performance, safety, and warranty waivers. The report is based on an extensive literature and product survey and on the author's experience with fuel delivery systems for light-duty vehicles.

Willson, B. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States))

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Methane Emissions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

oil production dropping by 28 percent from 1990 to 2009, methane emissions from petroleum exploration and production have declined by the same percentage. Residential wood...

391

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Carbon Dioxide Emissions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Nonfuel uses of fossil fuels (for purposes other than their energy value) create carbon dioxide emissions and also sequester carbon in nonfuel products, ...

392

Agricultural greenhouse gas emissions : costs associated with farm level mitigation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Agricultural greenhouse gas emissions within New Zealand account for 48 percent of all national greenhouse gas emissions. With the introduction of the emissions trading scheme (more)

Wolken, Antony Raymond

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Remote monitoring of emissions using on-vehicle sensing and vehicle to roadside communications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent developments in on-vehicle electronics makes practical remote monitoring of vehicle emissions compliance with CARB and EPA regulations. A system consisting of emission controls malfunction sensors, an on-board computer (OBC), and vehicle-to-roadside communications (VRC) would enable enforcement officials to remotely and automatically detect vehicle out-of-compliance status. Remote sensing could be accomplished at highway speeds as vehicles pass a roadside RF antenna and reader unit which would interrogate the on- vehicle monitoring and recording system. This paper will focus on the hardware system components require to achieve this goal with special attention to the VRC; a key element for remote monitoring. this remote sensing concept piggybacks on the development of inexpensive VRC equipment for automatic vehicle identification for electronic toll collection and intelligent transportation applications. Employing an RF transponder with appropriate interface to the OBC and malfunction sensors, a practical monitoring system can be developed with potentially important impact on air quality and enforcement. With such a system in place, the current -- and costly and ineffective -- emission control strategy of periodic smog checking could be replaced or modified.

Davis, D.T.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions Benefit Tool Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions Benefit Tool Agency/Company /Organization: Argonne National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options Topics: Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type: Online calculator, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.transportation.anl.gov/modeling_simulation/AirCred/index.html

395

Vehicle emissions and energy consumption impacts of modal shifts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growing concern over air quality has prompted the development of strategies to reduce vehicle emissions in these areas. Concern has also been expressed regarding the current dependency of the U,S, on foreign oil. An option for addressing these concerns is to reduce vehicle-miles travelled (VMT), High- occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes have been cited as one alternative for achieving this goal. However, latent travel demand frequently negates some or all of the VMT savings brought about by HOV lanes, The net effects of modal shifts to HOV lanes and the subsequent latent travel demand were studied in the thesis, A methodology was developed for estimating vehicle emissions and energy consumption impacts of modal shifts from private vehicles in the freeway mainlanes to buses in an HOV lane when latent travel demand is considered. The methodology was evaluated and determined to yield reasonable results, Finally, the methodology was applied to a freeway corridor in Houston, Texas. The results of the application indicate that reductions in VMT do not necessarily cause reductions in vehicle emissions of interest even when considered, all three of the pollutants of latent travel demand is not consumption was decreased at considered. Energy consumption was decreased a virtually all levels of latent travel demand except where latent travel demand was equivalent to the mode shift.

Mallett, Vickie Lynn

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Emissions from Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles: Implications forGas Emissions from Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles: Implications forassessment of plug-in hybrid vehicles on electric utilities

McCarthy, Ryan W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Gas Mileage of 1992 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1992 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1992 Mercury Capri View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle...

398

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by Volkswagen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 Volkswagen Jetta 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Diesel Compare 1984 Volkswagen Jetta View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 33 City 35...

399

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by MINI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 MINI Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 MINI Cooper 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic (S6), Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 MINI Cooper View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 28...

400

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Scion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Scion Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Scion FR-S 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (S6), Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 Scion FR-S View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 25...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Acura  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Acura Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Acura ILX 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (S5), Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 Acura ILX View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 24...

402

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Subaru  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Subaru Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Subaru BRZ 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic (S6), Premium Gasoline Compare 2013 Subaru BRZ View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 25...

403

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Hyundai  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Hyundai Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Hyundai Accent 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Hyundai Accent View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle...

404

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Kia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Kia Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Kia Forte 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2013 Kia Forte View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 26 City...

405

Gas Mileage of 2013 Vehicles by Volkswagen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Volkswagen Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2013 Volkswagen Beetle 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 6-spd, Diesel Compare 2013 Volkswagen Beetle View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle...

406

Vehicle Electrification is Key to Reducing Petroleum Dependency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Electrification is Key to Reducing Petroleum Dependency and Greenhouse Gas Emission Vehicle Electrification is Key to Reducing Petroleum Dependency and Greenhouse Gas...

407

Non-Road Electric Vehicle Emissions: Analysis and Recommendations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy security and quality of life in the United States and around the globe are dependent upon the reduction of air pollution, petroleum dependency, and developing a solution to global warming. Non-road transportation equipment offers an opportunity to support this quality of life objective with a reduction in emissions through electrification. Private sector initiatives and regulatory agencies have begun to focus on non-road vehicles and equipment. This emission source category, which was largely unre...

2003-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

408

Hybrid and conventional hydrogen engine vehicles that meet EZEV emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, a time-dependent engine model is used for predicting hydrogen engine efficiency and emissions. The model uses basic thermodynamic equations for the compression and expansion processes, along with an empirical correlation for heat transfer, to predict engine indicated efficiency. A friction correlation and a supercharger/turbocharger model are then used to calculate brake thermal efficiency. The model is validated with many experimental points obtained in a recent evaluation of a hydrogen research engine. A The validated engine model is then used to calculate fuel economy and emissions for three hydrogen-fueled vehicles: a conventional, a parallel hybrid, and a series hybrid. All vehicles use liquid hydrogen as a fuel. The hybrid vehicles use a flywheel for energy storage. Comparable ultra capacitor or battery energy storage performance would give similar results. This paper analyzes the engine and flywheel sizing requirements for obtaining a desired level of performance. The results indicate that hydrogen lean-burn spark-ignited engines can provide a high fuel economy and Equivalent Zero Emission Vehicle (EZEV) levels in the three vehicle configurations being analyzed.

Aceves, S.M.; Smith, J.R.

1996-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

409

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM AGROECOSYSTEMS: SIMULATING MANAGEMENT EFFECTS ON DAIRY FARM EMISSIONS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??How does agriculture contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and what farm management scenarios decrease net emissions from agroecosystems? The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is (more)

Sedorovich, Dawn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and maintenance are both important. Propane and CNG are NOT "cleaner burning". RSD is a very good tool but ... Measured grams pollutant per kg of fuel from RSD -quantifiable uncertainty Fuel sales from tax department inventories · Only need one week of work and fuel sales to get fuel based emissions inventories · RSD

Denver, University of

411

Vehicle exhaust gas chemical sensors using acoustic wave resonators  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under Sandia`s Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program, novel acoustic wave-based sensors were explored for detecting gaseous chemical species in vehicle exhaust streams. The need exists for on-line, real-time monitors to continuously analyze the toxic exhaust gases -- nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrocarbons (HC) -- for determining catalytic converter efficiency, documenting compliance to emission regulations, and optimizing engine performance through feedback control. In this project, the authors adapted existing acoustic wave chemical sensor technology to the high temperature environment and investigated new robust sensor materials for improving gas detection sensitivity and selectivity. This report describes one new sensor that has potential use as an exhaust stream residual hydrocarbon monitor. The sensor consists of a thickness shear mode (TSM) quartz resonator coated with a thin mesoporous silica layer ion-exchanged with palladium ions. When operated at temperatures above 300 C, the high surface area film catalyzes the combustion of the hydrocarbon vapors in the presence of oxygen. The sensor acts as a calorimeter as the exothermic reaction slightly increases the temperature, stressing the sensor surface, and producing a measurable deviation in the resonator frequency. Sensitivities as high as 0.44 (ppm-{Delta}f) and (ppm-gas) have been measured for propylene gas, with minimum detectable signals of < 50 ppm of propylene at 500 C.

Cernosek, R.W.; Small, J.H.; Sawyer, P.S.; Bigbie, J.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Anderson, M.T. [3M Industrial and Consumer Sector Research Lab., St. Paul, MN (United States)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Fuel-Based On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel-Based On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Inventory for the Denver Metropolitan Area Sajal S sales from tax department -quite precise Inventory -uncertainty can be estimated Travel Based Model FuelGasohol (LTK, PAS) Tons/day3748369Gasoline (LTK, PAS) g per kg of fuel7859Gasohol (LTK, PAS) g per kg

Denver, University of

413

Future Emissions Impact On Off-Road Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Summaries of paper: Emission requirements dictate vehicle update cycles; Packaging, performance and cost impacted; Styling updates can be integrated; Opportunity to integrate features and performance; Non-uniform regulations challenge resources; and Customers won't expect to pay more or receive less.

Kirby Baumgard; Steve Ephraim

2001-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

414

Gas Mileage of 2001 Vehicles by BMW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 BMW Vehicles 1 BMW Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2001 BMW 325ci 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2001 BMW 325ci View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 20 Combined 25 Highway 2001 BMW 325ci 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2001 BMW 325ci View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2001 BMW 325ci Convertible 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2001 BMW 325ci Convertible View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 2001 BMW 325ci Convertible 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2001 BMW 325ci Convertible View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 2001 BMW 325i 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 5-spd, Premium Gasoline

415

Gas Mileage of 1997 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Mercury Vehicles 7 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1997 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1997 Mercury Cougar 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 1997 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 1997 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 12 City 14 Combined 17 Highway 1997 Mercury Mountaineer 4WD 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

416

Gas Mileage of 2001 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Mercury Vehicles 1 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2001 Mercury Cougar 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2001 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 31 Highway 2001 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2001 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 2001 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2001 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2001 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2001 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2001 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

417

Gas Mileage of 1991 Vehicles by Volvo  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Volvo Vehicles 1 Volvo Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1991 Volvo 240 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Volvo 240 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 20 Combined 23 Highway 1991 Volvo 240 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Volvo 240 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 1991 Volvo 240 Wagon 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Volvo 240 Wagon 18 City 20 Combined 23 Highway 1991 Volvo 240 Wagon 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Volvo 240 Wagon View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 22 Combined 26 Highway 1991 Volvo 740 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Volvo 740 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners

418

Gas Mileage of 2002 Vehicles by Toyota  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Toyota Vehicles 2 Toyota Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2002 Toyota 4Runner 2WD 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Toyota 4Runner 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 16 Combined 18 Highway 2002 Toyota 4Runner 4WD 6 cyl, 3.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Toyota 4Runner 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 16 Combined 18 Highway 2002 Toyota Avalon 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Toyota Avalon View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway 2002 Toyota Camry 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Toyota Camry View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 29 Highway 2002 Toyota Camry 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

419

Gas Mileage of 2004 Vehicles by Volkswagen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Volkswagen Vehicles 4 Volkswagen Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2004 Volkswagen GTI 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Manual 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2004 Volkswagen GTI View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 28 Highway 2004 Volkswagen GTI 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic (S5), Premium Gasoline Compare 2004 Volkswagen GTI View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway 2004 Volkswagen GTI 6 cyl, 2.8 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2004 Volkswagen GTI View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway 2004 Volkswagen Golf 4 cyl, 1.9 L, Manual 5-spd, Diesel Compare 2004 Volkswagen Golf View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 32 City 36 Combined 42 Highway 2004 Volkswagen Golf 4 cyl, 1.9 L, Automatic (S5), Diesel Compare 2004 Volkswagen Golf

420

Gas Mileage of 2012 Vehicles by Tesla  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Tesla Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2012 Tesla Model S Automatic (A1), Electricity Compare 2012 Tesla Model S...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A comparison of estimates of cost-effectiveness of alternative fuels and vehicles for reducing emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The cost-effectiveness ratio (CER) is a measure of the monetary value of resources expended to obtain reductions in emissions of air pollutants. The CER can lead to selection of the most effective sequence of pollution reduction options. Derived with different methodologies and technical assumptions, CER estimates for alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) have varied widely among pervious studies. In one of several explanations of LCER differences, this report uses a consistent basis for fuel price to re-estimate CERs for AFVs in reduction of emissions of criteria pollutants, toxics, and greenhouse gases. The re-estimated CERs for a given fuel type have considerable differences due to non-fuel costs and emissions reductions, but the CERs do provide an ordinal sense of cost-effectiveness. The category with CER less than $5,000 per ton includes compressed natural gas and ed Petroleum gas vehicles; and E85 flexible-fueled vehicles (with fuel mixture of 85 percent cellulose-derived ethanol in gasoline). The E85 system would be much less attractive if corn-derived ethanol were used. The CER for E85 (corn-derived) is higher with higher values placed on the reduction of gas emissions. CER estimates are relative to conventional vehicles fueled with Phase 1 California reformulated gasoline (RFG). The California Phase 2 RFG program will be implemented before significant market penetration by AFVs. CERs could be substantially greater if they are calculated incremental to the Phase 2 RFG program. Regression analysis suggests that different assumptions across studies can sometimes have predictable effects on the CER estimate of a particular AFV type. The relative differences in cost and emissions reduction assumptions can be large, and the effect of these differences on the CER estimate is often not predictable. Decomposition of CERs suggests that methodological differences can make large contributions to CER differences among studies.

Hadder, G.R.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

NMOG Emissions Characterization and Estimation for Vehicles Using Ethanol-Blended Fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ethanol is a biofuel commonly used in gasoline blends to displace petroleum consumption; its utilization is on the rise in the United States, spurred by the biofuel utilization mandates put in place by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the statutory responsibility to implement the EISA mandates through the promulgation of the Renewable Fuel Standard. EPA has historically mandated an emissions certification fuel specification that calls for ethanol-free fuel, except for the certification of flex-fuel vehicles. However, since the U.S. gasoline marketplace is now virtually saturated with E10, some organizations have suggested that inclusion of ethanol in emissions certification fuels would be appropriate. The test methodologies and calculations contained in the Code of Federal Regulations for gasoline-fueled vehicles have been developed with the presumption that the certification fuel does not contain ethanol; thus, a number of technical issues would require resolution before such a change could be accomplished. This report makes use of the considerable data gathered during the mid-level blends testing program to investigate one such issue: estimation of non-methane organic gas (NMOG) emissions. The data reported in this paper were gathered from over 600 cold-start Federal Test Procedure (FTP) tests conducted on 68 vehicles representing 21 models from model year 2000 to 2009. Most of the vehicles were certified to the Tier-2 emissions standard, but several older Tier-1 and national low emissions vehicle program (NLEV) vehicles were also included in the study. Exhaust speciation shows that ethanol, acetaldehyde, and formaldehyde dominate the oxygenated species emissions when ethanol is blended into the test fuel. A set of correlations were developed that are derived from the measured non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) emissions and the ethanol blend level in the fuel. These correlations were applied to the measured NMHC emissions from the mid-level ethanol blends testing program and the results compared against the measured NMOG emissions. The results show that the composite FTP NMOG emissions estimate has an error of 0.0015 g/mile {+-}0.0074 for 95% of the test results. Estimates for the individual phases of the FTP are also presented with similar error levels. A limited number of tests conducted using the LA92, US06, and highway fuel economy test cycles show that the FTP correlation also holds reasonably well for these cycles, though the error level relative to the measured NMOG value increases for NMOG emissions less than 0.010 g/mile.

Sluder, Scott [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

NMOG Emissions Characterizations and Estimation for Vehicles Using Ethanol-Blended Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ethanol is a biofuel commonly used in gasoline blends to displace petroleum consumption; its utilization is on the rise in the United States, spurred by the biofuel utilization mandates put in place by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the statutory responsibility to implement the EISA mandates through the promulgation of the Renewable Fuel Standard. EPA has historically mandated an emissions certification fuel specification that calls for ethanol-free fuel, except for the certification of flex-fuel vehicles. However, since the U.S. gasoline marketplace is now virtually saturated with E10, some organizations have suggested that inclusion of ethanol in emissions certification fuels would be appropriate. The test methodologies and calculations contained in the Code of Federal Regulations for gasoline-fueled vehicles have been developed with the presumption that the certification fuel does not contain ethanol; thus, a number of technical issues would require resolution before such a change could be accomplished. This report makes use of the considerable data gathered during the mid-level blends testing program to investigate one such issue: estimation of non-methane organic gas (NMOG) emissions. The data reported in this paper were gathered from over 600 cold-start Federal Test Procedure (FTP) tests conducted on 68 vehicles representing 21 models from model year 2000 to 2009. Most of the vehicles were certified to the Tier-2 emissions standard, but several older Tier-1 and national low emissions vehicle program (NLEV) vehicles were also included in the study. Exhaust speciation shows that ethanol, acetaldehyde, and formaldehyde dominate the oxygenated species emissions when ethanol is blended into the test fuel. A set of correlations were developed that are derived from the measured non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) emissions and the ethanol blend level in the fuel. These correlations were applied to the measured NMHC emissions from the mid-level ethanol blends testing program and the results compared against the measured NMOG emissions. The results show that the composite FTP NMOG emissions estimate has an error of 0.0015 g/mile {+-}0.0074 for 95% of the test results. Estimates for the individual phases of the FTP are also presented with similar error levels. A limited number of tests conducted using the LA92, US06, and highway fuel economy test cycles show that the FTP correlation also holds reasonably well for these cycles, though the error level relative to the measured NMOG value increases for NMOG emissions less than 0.010 g/mile.

Sluder, Scott [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Clean Cities: Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2014 Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forum 2014 Meeting Forum 2014 Meeting Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Form (NGVTF) logo The Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum (NGVTF) will hold a meeting for stakeholders on Jan. 14-15, 2014, at Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, New York. Meeting Details Date: Jan. 14-15, 2014 | Icon of a calendar. Add to my calendar Location: Brookhaven National Laboratory 33 Lewis Rd. Upton, NY 11961 The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is hosting this meeting in partnership with the U.S. Department of Energy and the California Energy Commission to support the development and deployment of commercially competitive natural gas engines, vehicles, and infrastructure. NGVTF is free and open to stakeholders, so join the conversation about natural gas engines, vehicles, infrastructure, and codes and standards.

425

,"U.S. Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"10312013 3:27:42 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3025US2" "Date","U.S....

426

,"U.S. Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"10312013 3:27:42 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3025US2" "Date","U.S. Natural...

427

Gas Mileage of 2009 Vehicles by Mercedes-Benz  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

City Comb Hwy 2009 Mercedes-Benz C300 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 7-spd, Premium Gas or E85 Compare 2009 Mercedes-Benz C300 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners Prem 18...

428

Michigan Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 2010: 22: 20: 22: 21: 22: 21: 22: 22: 21: 22 ...

429

South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) No chart available. South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul...

430

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"10312013 3:31:16 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","NA1570SNM2" "Date","New...

431

Gas Mileage of 2000 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2000 Mercury Vehicles 2000 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2000 Mercury Cougar 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Mercury Cougar 21 City 25 Combined 31 Highway 2000 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 2000 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 2000 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2000 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

432

Gas Mileage of 2008 Vehicles by GMC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 GMC Vehicles 8 GMC Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2008 GMC Acadia AWD 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 GMC Acadia AWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 2008 GMC Acadia FWD 6 cyl, 3.6 L, Automatic 6-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 GMC Acadia FWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD 4 cyl, 2.9 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD 4 cyl, 2.9 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD 18 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD 5 cyl, 3.7 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2008 GMC Canyon 2WD

433

Gas Mileage of 2004 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Mercury Vehicles 4 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2004 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2004 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2004 Mercury Marauder 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2004 Mercury Marauder View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway 2004 Mercury Monterey Wagon FWD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2004 Mercury Monterey Wagon FWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway 2004 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2004 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 13 City 15 Combined 18 Highway 2004 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

434

Gas Mileage of 2002 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Dodge Vehicles 2 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 19 Combined 23 Highway 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD 4 cyl, 2.4 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic (S4), Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan 2WD

435

Gas Mileage of 1998 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Mercury Vehicles 8 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1998 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1998 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 14 City 16 Combined 18 Highway 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 12 City 14 Combined 17 Highway 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 4WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 4WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 14 City 15 Combined 18 Highway 1998 Mercury Mountaineer 4WD 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

436

Gas Mileage of 2005 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Mercury Vehicles 5 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2005 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2005 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 23 Highway 2005 Mercury Mariner 2WD 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2005 Mercury Mariner 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 21 Combined 24 Highway 2005 Mercury Mariner 2WD 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2005 Mercury Mariner 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 19 Combined 23 Highway 2005 Mercury Mariner 4WD 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2005 Mercury Mariner 4WD 17 City 19 Combined 21 Highway 2005 Mercury Mariner 4WD 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

437

Gas Mileage of 1995 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Mercury Vehicles 5 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1995 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Mercury Cougar 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1995 Mercury Cougar 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 1995 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 1995 Mercury Mystique 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Mercury Mystique View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 29 Highway 1995 Mercury Mystique 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

438

Gas Mileage of 1993 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Mercury Vehicles 3 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1993 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 Mercury Capri 20 City 21 Combined 24 Highway 1993 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 Mercury Capri View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 23 Combined 26 Highway 1993 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 Mercury Capri View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 22 City 24 Combined 28 Highway 1993 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 Mercury Cougar 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1993 Mercury Cougar 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1993 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15

439

Gas Mileage of 2007 Vehicles by BMW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 BMW Vehicles 7 BMW Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2007 BMW 328ci 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2007 BMW 328ci View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 28 Highway 2007 BMW 328ci 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic (S6), Premium Gasoline Compare 2007 BMW 328ci View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 22 Combined 28 Highway 2007 BMW 328ci Convertible 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2007 BMW 328ci Convertible 17 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2007 BMW 328ci Convertible 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic (S6), Premium Gasoline Compare 2007 BMW 328ci Convertible View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2007 BMW 328cxi 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Manual 6-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 2007 BMW 328cxi 17 City

440

California's Zero Emission Vehicle Program Cleaner air needed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

these highly functional vehicles and called for more. The regulation also spurred advances in natural gas regulation ­or "ZEV Mandate"as it is sometimes called -- required automakers to put small demonstration. Benefits of the ZEV Regulation The benefits of the ZEV regulation are now apparent: The major automakers

Gille, Sarah T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

EMISSIONS OF NITROUS OXIDE AND METHANE FROM CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMISSIONS OF NITROUS OXIDE AND METHANE FROM CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL MOTOR VEHICLES from motor vehicles because unlike emissions of CO2, which are relatively easy to estimate, emissions-related emissions. In the U.S., for example, emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the production and use of motor

Kammen, Daniel M.

442

A zinc-air battery and flywheel zero emission vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In response to the 1990 Clean Air Act, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) developed a compliance plan known as the Low Emission Vehicle Program. An integral part of that program was a sales mandate to the top seven automobile manufacturers requiring the percentage of Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVs) sold in California to be 2% in 1998, 5% in 2001 and 10% by 2003. Currently available ZEV technology will probably not meet customer demand for range and moderate cost. A potential option to meet the CARB mandate is to use two Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) technologies, namely, zinc-air refuelable batteries (ZARBs) and electromechanical batteries (EMBs, i. e., flywheels) to develop a ZEV with a 384 kilometer (240 mile) urban range. This vehicle uses a 40 kW, 70 kWh ZARB for energy storage combined with a 102 kW, 0.5 kWh EMB for power peaking. These technologies are sufficiently near-term and cost-effective to plausibly be in production by the 1999-2001 time frame for stationary and initial vehicular applications. Unlike many other ZEVs currently being developed by industry, our proposed ZEV has range, acceleration, and size consistent with larger conventional passenger vehicles available today. Our life-cycle cost projections for this technology are lower than for Pb-acid battery ZEVs. We have used our Hybrid Vehicle Evaluation Code (HVEC) to simulate the performance of the vehicle and to size the various components. The use of conservative subsystem performance parameters and the resulting vehicle performance are discussed in detail.

Tokarz, F.; Smith, J.R.; Cooper, J.; Bender, D.; Aceves, S.

1995-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

443

Particulate Emissions from a Pre-Emissions Control Era Spark-Ignition Vehicle: A Historical Benchmark  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study examined the particulate emissions from a pre-emissions control era vehicle operated on both leaded and unleaded fuels for the purpose of establishing a historical benchmark. A pre-control vehicle was located that had been rebuilt with factory original parts to approximate an as-new vehicle prior to 1968. The vehicle had less than 20,000 miles on the rebuilt engine and exhaust. The vehicle underwent repeated FTP-75 tests to determine its regulated emissions, including particulate mass. Additionally, measurements of the particulate size distribution were made, as well as particulate lead concentration. These tests were conducted first with UTG96 certification fuel, followed by UTG96 doped with tetraethyl lead to approximate 1968 levels. Results of these tests, including transmission electron micrographs of individual particles from both the leaded and unleaded case are presented. The FTP composite PM emissions from this vehicle averaged 40.5 mg/mile using unleaded fuel. The results from the leaded fuel tests showed that the FTP composite PM emissions increased to an average of 139.5 mg/mile. Analysis of the particulate size distribution for both cases demonstrated that the mass-based size distribution of particles for this vehicle is heavily skewed towards the nano-particle range. The leaded-fuel tests showed a significant increase in mass concentration at the <0.1 micron size compared with the unleaded-fuel test case. The leaded-fuel tests produced lead emissions of nearly 0.04 g/mi, more than a 4-order-of-magnitude difference compared with unleaded-fuel results. Analysis of the size-fractionated PM samples showed that the lead PM emissions tended to be distributed in the 0.25 micron and smaller size range.

John M.E. Storey; C. Scott Sluder; Douglas A. Blom; Erin Higinbotham

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

444

Sectoral trends in global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Lynn Price,Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Lynn Price,Trends in Global Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Lynn Price,

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Measurement of Oil and Gas Emissions from a Marine Seep  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007, Measurement of Oil and Gas Emissions from a Marine2007, Measurement of Oil and Gas Emissions from a MarineTides and the emission of oil and gas from an abandoned oil

Leifer, Ira; Boles, J R; Luyendyk, B P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Vehicle Technologies Office: Natural Gas Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Natural Gas Research Natural gas offers tremendous opportunities for reducing the use of petroleum in transportation. Medium and heavy-duty fleets, which have significant potential...

447

Gas Mileage of 2000 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2000 Ford Vehicles 2000 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2000 Ford Contour 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Ford Contour View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 23 Combined 28 Highway 2000 Ford Contour 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Ford Contour 21 City 25 Combined 31 Highway 2000 Ford Contour 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Ford Contour 18 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 2000 Ford Contour 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Ford Contour 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2000 Ford Crown Victoria 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2000 Ford Crown Victoria View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2000 Ford Crown Victoria CNG 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, CNG

448

Gas Mileage of 2002 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Mercury Vehicles 2 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2002 Mercury Cougar 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 31 Highway 2002 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Mercury Cougar 18 City 21 Combined 26 Highway 2002 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Mercury Cougar 18 City 21 Combined 27 Highway 2002 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 23 Highway 2002 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2002 Mercury Mountaineer 2WD 14 City

449

Gas Mileage of 1999 Vehicles by Dodge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1999 Dodge Vehicles 1999 Dodge Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1999 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999 Dodge Avenger 19 City 22 Combined 27 Highway 1999 Dodge Avenger 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999 Dodge Avenger 19 City 23 Combined 29 Highway 1999 Dodge Avenger 6 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999 Dodge Avenger View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 20 Combined 25 Highway 1999 Dodge B1500 Van 2WD 6 cyl, 3.9 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999 Dodge B1500 Van 2WD 14 City 15 Combined 16 Highway 1999 Dodge B1500 Van 2WD 8 cyl, 5.2 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999 Dodge B1500 Van 2WD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 12 City 14 Combined 18

450

Gas Mileage of 1991 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Mercury Vehicles 1 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1991 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Mercury Capri 21 City 22 Combined 24 Highway 1991 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Mercury Capri View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 23 Combined 26 Highway 1991 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Mercury Capri 22 City 24 Combined 28 Highway 1991 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Mercury Cougar 17 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 1991 Mercury Cougar 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1991 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1991 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

451

Gas Mileage of 1995 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Ford Vehicles 5 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1995 Ford Aerostar Van 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Ford Aerostar Van 16 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon AWD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Ford Aerostar Wagon AWD View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 14 City 15 Combined 18 Highway 1995 Ford Aspire 4 cyl, 1.3 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1995 Ford Aspire

452

Gas Mileage of 1986 Vehicles by Pontiac  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Pontiac Vehicles 6 Pontiac Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1986 Pontiac 1000 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1986 Pontiac 1000 22 City 24 Combined 28 Highway 1986 Pontiac 1000 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1986 Pontiac 1000 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 24 City 27 Combined 31 Highway 1986 Pontiac 1000 4 cyl, 1.6 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1986 Pontiac 1000 23 City 26 Combined 31 Highway 1986 Pontiac 6000 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1986 Pontiac 6000 View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 19 City 23 Combined 29 Highway 1986 Pontiac 6000 6 cyl, 2.8 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1986 Pontiac 6000 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1986 Pontiac 6000 6 cyl, 2.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline

453

Gas Mileage of 1997 Vehicles by Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Ford Vehicles 7 Ford Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1997 Ford Aerostar Van 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Ford Aerostar Van 15 City 17 Combined 21 Highway 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon 6 cyl, 3.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon 15 City 17 Combined 22 Highway 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon AWD 6 cyl, 4.0 L, Automatic 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Ford Aerostar Wagon AWD 13 City 15 Combined 17 Highway 1997 Ford Aspire 4 cyl, 1.3 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1997 Ford Aspire View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners

454

Gas Mileage of 1995 Vehicles by Chevrolet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Chevrolet Vehicles 5 Chevrolet Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1995 Chevrolet Astro 2WD (cargo) 6 cyl, 4.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1995 Chevrolet Astro 2WD (cargo) View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1995 Chevrolet Astro 2WD (passenger) 6 cyl, 4.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1995 Chevrolet Astro 2WD (passenger) View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 16 Combined 19 Highway 1995 Chevrolet Astro AWD (cargo) 6 cyl, 4.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1995 Chevrolet Astro AWD (cargo) 15 City 16 Combined 20 Highway 1995 Chevrolet Astro AWD (passenger) 6 cyl, 4.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1995 Chevrolet Astro AWD (passenger) 14 City 15 Combined 17 Highway 1995 Chevrolet Beretta 4 cyl, 2.2 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

455

Gas Mileage of 1987 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Mercury Vehicles 7 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1987 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1987 Mercury Cougar 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1987 Mercury Cougar 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1987 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1987 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1987 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1987 Mercury Grand Marquis Wagon 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1987 Mercury Grand Marquis Wagon 16 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1987 Mercury Lynx 4 cyl, 1.9 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1987 Mercury Lynx 23

456

Gas Mileage of 1990 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

90 Mercury Vehicles 90 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1990 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1990 Mercury Cougar 15 City 18 Combined 21 Highway 1990 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1990 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 17 City 20 Combined 24 Highway 1990 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Manual 5-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1990 Mercury Cougar 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1990 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1990 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 15 City 18 Combined 22 Highway 1990 Mercury Grand Marquis Wagon 8 cyl, 5.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1990 Mercury Grand Marquis Wagon 15

457

Gas Mileage of 2006 Vehicles by Cadillac  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Cadillac Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2006 Cadillac Armored DTS 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2006 Cadillac Armored DTS 12 City 14 Combined 18...

458

Gas Mileage of 2004 Vehicles by Cadillac  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Cadillac Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2004 Cadillac Armored Deville 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2004 Cadillac Armored Deville 13 City 15...

459

Gas Mileage of 2005 Vehicles by Cadillac  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Cadillac Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2005 Cadillac Armored Deville 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2005 Cadillac Armored Deville 13 City 15...

460

Gas Mileage of 1999 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1999 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1999 Mercury Cougar 4 cyl, 2.0 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1999 Mercury Cougar View MPG Estimates Shared By...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas vehicle emissions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 Mercury Capri 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 Mercury Capri 18 City 20 Combined 22 Highway 1984...

462

Gas Mileage of 1988 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1988 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1988 Mercury Cougar 18 City 21 Combined 25 Highway 1988...

463

Gas Mileage of 1996 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1996 Mercury Cougar 6 cyl, 3.8 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1996 Mercury Cougar 17 City 19 Combined 24 Highway 1996...

464

Gas Mileage of 2007 Vehicles by Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Mercury Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 2007 Mercury Grand Marquis 8 cyl, 4.6 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 2007 Mercury Grand Marquis View MPG Estimates...

465

Gas Mileage of 1998 Vehicles by Ferrari  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Ferrari Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1998 Ferrari Ferrari 456 GTGTA 12 cyl, 5.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1998 Ferrari Ferrari 456 GTGTA 9 City 11...

466

Gas Mileage of 1997 Vehicles by Ferrari  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Ferrari Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1997 Ferrari Ferrari 456 12 cyl, 5.5 L, Automatic 4-spd, Premium Gasoline Compare 1997 Ferrari Ferrari 456 8 City 10 Combined 14...

467

Gas Mileage of 2010 Vehicles by Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 29 Highway 2010 Honda Civic CNG 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic 5-spd, CNG Compare 2010 Honda Civic CNG View MPG Estimates...

468

Gas Mileage of 2008 Vehicles by Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highway 2008 Honda Civic CNG 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic 5-spd, CNG Compare 2008 Honda Civic CNG View MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 24 City 28 Combined 36 Highway 2008 Honda...

469

Gas Mileage of 2009 Vehicles by Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MPG Estimates Shared By Vehicle Owners 21 City 24 Combined 29 Highway 2009 Honda Civic CNG 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Automatic 5-spd, CNG Compare 2009 Honda Civic CNG View MPG Estimates...